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No 62,462 



- V*-' 

New jobs fury 


another 5,900 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
The Government faced an- 
other damaging onslaught 
over unemployment last night 
after British Rail announced 


up to 5.900 workers at its 
engineering workshops and 
depots would be made redun- 
dant in the next three years. 

. Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secre- 
tary of State for Transport, 
freed angry demands for his 
• resignation from Opposition 
MPs while several Conserva- 
tive backbanchers, still reeling 
from last week’s decision by 
British Shipbuilders and Brit- 
ish Caledonian to axe 4.50C 
jobs, did little to hide iheii 

Mr Robert Hughes, 
Labour's chief transport 
spokesman, told the Com- 
mons: “There is no point in 
the Prime Minister going to 
Perth last week and speaking 
about slaying the dragon of 
unemployment when he (Mr 
Ridley), by his shortsighted 
policies, is feeding the dragon 
of unemployment". 

The latest job cuts, which 
fbrm part of a restructuring 
programme by British Rail 
Engineering Ltd, are in addi- 
tion to 1,750 redundancies 
already notified to trade 

Between 4.200 and 5,000 
jobs will go at engineering 
workshops throughout Britain 
while the closure of 16 region- 
al depots will swell the redun- 
dancy. figure by 900. 

Mr Jimmy Knapp, NUR 
general secretary, said be 
would recommend a ballot of 

his membership on industrial 
action, including the possibili- 
ty of a strike. 

The BR workshops worst 
hit by the restructuring pro- 
gramme will be: 

• Doncaster, South York- 
shire, where the workforce will 
reduced from 3,100 to be- 
tween 1.430 and 1.690; 

• Wolverton, Buckingham- 
shire, which feces losing be- 
tween 1,050 and 1,250 jobs; 

• Springburn, Glasgow, 
which will lose about 800 jobs; 

• Eastleigh, near Southamp- 
ton, to lose 500 jobs. 

In a statement to the Com- 
mons, Mr Ridley said the job 
cuts were inevitable because 
new modern designs of rolling 
stock required less mainte- 
nance and repair. 

But he admitted: "This is a 
very sad day indeed for a lot of 
people who have been loyal 
and hard working and highly 
skilled operatives. The fret 
that change in industrial de- 
velopment and technology has 
made this necessary is a 
matter of great sadness to all 
of us". 

Mr Ridley attempted to 
soften this latest unemploy- 
ment setback by announcing 
that BR intended to appoint a 
senior director to co-ordinate 
measures to help those affect- 
ed by the changes. 

BR would be reemting 
about 20,000 people in the 
next three years in all depart- 
ments of the railway. 

His words did little to blunt 
the attack on the Government 

by Mr Hughes, the Labour 
frontbencher, who described 
the announcement as yet an- 
other betrayal of the BREL 
workforce, who had been 
promised repeatedly that there 
would be no more job cuts. 
BREL redundancies totalled 
19.000 since 1979, he said. 

There was little sympathy 
from Conservative MPs with 
Mr Michael Hirst, MP for 
Strathkelvin and Bearsden, 
saying yesterday's decision 
would be greeted with “pro- 
found dismay”. 

Mr Mick Martin, Labour 
MP for Glasgow, Springburn, 
voiced the fear of trade union 
leaders and other Opposition 
MPs that Mr Ridley was 
simply creating a tidy package 
for privatisation. 

But the angriest exchanges 
came when Mr Peter Snape, a 
NUR- sponsored MP and La- 
bour transport spokesman, 
called Mr Ridley an “Old 
Etonian twerp" and 

In a statement explaining 
the redundancy plan, BR said 
it had been * reviewing its 
policy on manufacture and 
maintenance in the light of the 
new high level of investment 
in rolling stock. 

• PiUdngton Insulation, part 
of the PilJrington Glass group, 
announced yesterday that its 
factory in Stirling, central 
Scotland, which employs 257 
people, is to close by next 

Rail safety, page 2 

Parfiament, page 4 

Mr Jimmy Knapp, NUR general secretary, announcing that 
he would recommend a ballot on industrial action. 

The South African raids 

Angry Thatcher still 
rules out sanctions 

• Mrs Thatcher condemned South 
Africa's cross-border raids but again 
rejected growing demands for sanctions. 

• The foreign ministers of the frontline 
states met in Harare hot were unable to 
suggest immediate action 

• The Eminent Persons Group said it 
would persist with its efforts "until we 
know there is no hope". Page 7 

• The rand fell 5 per cent against the 
US dollar before the South African 
Reserve Bank stepped in. Page 7 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day "totally and utterly" con- 
demned the South African 
raids into Botswana, Zambia 
and Zimbabwe. 

But, under strong pressure 
in the Commons from Mr 
Neil Kinnock and other Op- 
position MPs, Mrs Thatcher 
rejected the growing chorus of 
demands for the imposition 
by Britain of economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 

Accepting that the Com- 
monwealth peace mission had 
suffered a setback, she voiced 
the hope that it would contin- 
ue in its work so long as there 
was a chance of it reaching a 
successful conclusion. 

The Prime Minister con- 
firmed that the heads of 
government of the seven 
countries represented in the 
Commonwealth Eminem Per- 
sons Group, which is trying to 
promote a dialogue between 
blacks and whites in South 
Africa, will be meeting in 
London in August to review 
progress of its efforts. The 


Clarke of 

Times Profile of' 
Kenneth Clarice, 
whose career 
successes to date 
make him a strong 
contender for 
Cabinet promotion 

Threat to criminal 



• The Times Portfolio 
. Gold daily competition 
"prize of £4,000 was 
;won outright yesterday 
Details, page 3 

: • There is no 
Portfolio competition 
today because of 
technical problems 
outside our control 
concerning the prices 

The Government has pot 
forward costnraOing proposals 
for the Criminal Injuries Com- 
pensation Board which would 
effectively eliminate 60 per 
cent of present claimants. 

It is suggesting that the 
qualifying limit for claims be 
raised from £400 to £1,000, 
which would save some £16 
million a year, on the £40 
million annual costs. 

About 24,000 of the 40,000 
claimants annually, a figure 
expected to rise this year to 
44,000, fall below the £1,000 
level and would be disqualified . 
if the proposal Is adopted. 

It would mean that the 
majority of minor injuries, a 
broken nose, knocked out 
front tooth, serious cuts ami 
sprains, would no longer quali- 
fy. The scheme, as one official 
put it, would become a “super 
insurance bureau" for injuries 
such as loss of an eye ora limb, 
f-or other significant disability. 

The proposal, which has 
gone before a Cabinet sub- 
committee, has been floated 
during discussions between 
departmental officials, includ- 
ing the Home Office, on how 
the board is to be put on a 
statutory' basis. 

The Government wants 
greater control over the 
scheme and its funds. Since it 
was introduced in 1964 the 
number of claimants and its 
costs have steadily increased. 

Bomb danger 

^ "A bomb was defused at an 
, army officers' dub in Condo- 
. ba. Argentina, shortly before 
", President Alfonsin was to 
.. address the officers Page® 

Pupils killed 

\ Three children died and at 
■ •• .least two others and an adult 
’ ■ -were injured when an arlicu- 
- feted lorry plunged into a 
•• ; group of people after school in 
•• flte centre of Maidstone. Kent. 

Israel shocked 

J '2\ biting report claiming that 
Israel’s defence forces are 
.becoming less and less capable 
.;df fighting has shocked the 
country’s politicians Page 9 

• We apologize for tiie ab- 

• seace from this edition of the 
: share prices page; tins is 
because of technical dffno**" 
-ties beyond our control. 

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TV A Radio 39 
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a & * * *•* 

The lower limit on compen- 
sation payable, fixed at £50 
when the scheme was intro- 
duced, was set to ensure that 
very minor cases were exclud- 
ed. It was increased to £150 in 
1977 and £250 in 1981 to 
restore the original value of 
the limit, without altering the 
scope or purpose of the 

But if the lower limit is 
increased without any corre- 
sponding rise in die total sum 
available for the board to 
dispense, the effect will be to 
curtail its scope drastically, 
and change its purpose in 
providing compensation for 
those who suffer personal 
injury as a result of crimes of 

Compensation is not paid 
unless the board is satisfied 
that the injury is one where the 
award payable, after dedu ction 
of soctai security beoifits, 
would not be less than the 
£400 timit. 

The Government intends to 
put the scheme on a statutory 
footing in Its Criminal Justice 
Bill in the next session. At 
present the board makes 
awards on a non-statutory and 
ex gratia basis; under the 
proposals there would be a 
statutory right to compensa- 
tion, and accountability to 
Parliament for the money 

Paying for crime, page 5 

Southern universities gain 
from radical grants review 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

Eighteen universities and 
colleges are to suffer spending 
cuts in the next academic year, 
with the worst hit universities 
being in Wales, Scotland and 
the North of England. 

By contrast many universi- 
ties in the south of England do 
rather well out of the radical 
new review of university 
teaching and research by the 1 
University Grants Commit- 
tee, and published hurriedly 
by the Department of Educa- 
tion and Science last night 
Cuts are being imposed on 
the four Welsh university 
colleges at Aberystwyth, Ban- 
gor, Cardiff and Swansea and 
at the Scottish universities of 
Aberdeen. Dundee, Edin- 
burgh, St Andrews and 

In England, the universities 
of Aston, Durham, East An- 
glia, Hull, Keele, and Newcas- 
tle will be squeezed as will 
City University in London 
and the London and Manches- 
ter business schools. ■ 

The University Grants 
Committee has for the first 
time decided to allocate mon- 
ey partly on the basis of the 
quality of teaching and re- 
search. It has done so with 
help from the research coun- 
cils. learned bodies, medical 
charities' and individuals with 
specialist knowledge. 

No university or college is 
being cut by more than 0.5 per 
cent, and the biggest boost has 
been given to Warwick Uni- 
versity which gets a 4 per cent 
increase in funding. 

The letter id individual 
institutions was due to be 
published today, but was re- 
leased in a hurry last night 
when it become dear in the 
Commons that opposition 
MPs had- seen copies. The 


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Labour Party complained that 
southern universities such as 
Bath, Bristol. Kent and South- 
ampton were being protected 
from cuts. 

In a Commons statement 
yesterday. Sir Keith Joseph, 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion and Science, sought to 
reassure universities that, al- 
though they would suffer 
again this coming vear, they 
would not do so in future. 

As predicted in The Times 
on Monday, he said the Gov- 
ernment was prepared to find 
extra money for the universi- 
ties in 1987-88 and in follow- 
ing years. But he laced this 
sweet message with the provi- 
so that the new cash would 
depend on universities mak- 
ing progress in a number of 
areas, including the closure of 
small departments. 

Total England 



Aberystwyth UC 



Bangor UC 



Cardiff UC 



St David 1 s. Lamp 



Swansea UC 









Welsh Registry 



Total Watea 


















St Andrews 









Total Scotland 



Total GB 



Universities would also 
have to show better financial 
management and improved 
.standards of teaching. 

Pre-Chernobyl warning on safety 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

British engineers discovered 
dangerous failings in a Soviet 
nuclear plant identical to 
Chernobyl 1 1 years ago, it was 
disclosed last nighL 
A paper prepared by the 
company Babcocks Power af- 
ter a visit to Soviet plants 
concluded that safety features 

compared badly with those on 
Western reactors. 

The company, which makes 
nuclear and conventional en- 
ergy plant, was particularly 
scathing of the construction of 
the RMBK-type channel reac- 
tor at Leningrad, the same 
design as ChemobyL 

The paper, given . to The 
Times, will be considered 
tomorrow by a House of Lords 

committee examining nuclear 
power in the EEC. 

Mr Ron Campbell, manag- 
ing director of Babcocks and 
author of the paper, expressed 
alarm after his 1975 visit that 
the channel reactors had no 
pressurized containment ves- 
sels, nor were there any plans 
to develop them. 

Panic admitted, page 9 
Protest thwarted, page 20 

BA winter float likely 

A stock market flotation for 
British Airways in the winter 
is still a strong possibility 
despite the recent setback in 
the airline’s fortunes, accord- 
ing to its chairman. Lord King 
of Wartnaby 

Lord King announced that 
pretax profits in the year to 
March 31 rose to £183 million 
from £168 million the previ- 
ous year, which had been 

affected by the £33 million 
cost of settling litigation over 
the collapse of Laker Airways. 

He said that the company 
might have to take tough 
action to' cut costs, including 
reductions in the airline’s 
38.000 workforce, because of 
the severe downturn in North 
Atlantic traffic 

Recruitment cats, page 2 
Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

£20m merger scheme for soccer clubs 

By John Goodbody 

Fulham and Chelsea foot- 
ball clubs would share the 
Craven Cottage ground in a 
£20 million redevelopment 
scheme turning Chelsea]* 
Stamford Bridge into 128 
fiats, 99 houses and an office 

SB Property, which owns 
the Stamford Bridge pound 
and is a subsidiary of Marier 
Estates, is acquiring Fulham's 
Tbajnesside Craven Cottage 
ground for £9 million. 

Mr David Bulstrode* chair- 

nan of both companies, will 
become the new chainnanaf 
Third Division Fulham FC. 
- He does not think that Mr Ken 
Bates, chairman of First Divi- 
sion Chelsea, wffl he a ble to 
njise £20 million, the current 
valuation of Stamford Bridge, 
when the dub’s lease, on the 
ground expires in August 
19$9. • : 

Mr Bulstrode said yest- 
erday: “The lease says that we 
most find suitable accommo- 
dation within 15 miles if we 
ask Chelsea to leave. Craven 
Cbttage dearly is suitable and 
is within 15 utiles.” 

Although another danse in 
the lease is that Chelsea has 
an option to buy the ground 
when the lease expires, Mr 
Bnlstrode said that, now that 
there was planning percussion 
for Stamford Bridge its value 
was probably in excess of 

Cft milli on. “I do not believe 
it would be feasible for Mr 
Bates to buy it from u&T he 

Mr Graham Smith, a Chel- 
sea director, insisted that the 
clnb would not be leaving it* 
traditional home. “Chelsea 
dub has always been m thjs 
part of London and this is 
where we want to stay. It is the 
most fashionable part of the 
dty and we intend to have the 
most fashionable dub. We 
have a lot of plans to keep 
football at Stamford Bridge.” 

Mr Bnlstrode said that in 
the long term he would like to 
see both grounds redeveloped 
and a purpose-built stadium 
for both dubs erected in West 

Mr Bulstrode . will succeed 
Mr Ernie Clay as chairman of 
Fntham FC which has been in 
deep financial trouble. This 
season the dub was relegated 
to the Third Division after 

being forced to sell players to 
reduce debts. The Clay family 
are believed to have outstand- 
ing loans of £1.8 million. 

Mr Clay had hoped to 
remain m charge of Fulham by 
redeveloping its ground which 
was bought from the Church 
Commissioners last year. But 
toe focal council rejected plans 
to build Oats at Craven Cot- 
tage and toe Clay family 
announced that they would 
have to sell the cfob. 

Mr Bulstrode insisted that 
he would be taking his dnties 
as chairman of Fulham FC 

Although Fulham most be 

delighted at the news, Chelsea 
and their supporters will be 
aghast at the prospect of 
sharing toe ground with tradi- 
tional rivals, jest as Charlton 
FC has been forced to double 
up with Crystal Palace FC at 
Selharst Park since last 

Freak storms 
leave havoc 
in their wake 

Freak ihunderatorms swept 
across Britain yesterday with 
flash floods causing havoc on 
the roads and damaging 
homes, businesses and schools 
and causing power black-outs. 

In Nottinghamshire one 
man was killed and three 
injured wben a car hit a tree at 
Abbey Bridge. 

The worst affected regions 
were in the south-west and the 
Midlands, where as much as 
two inches of rgin fell. 

The AA said several roads 
in Avon, Somerset and Dorset 
were closed by floods, uproot- 
ed trees and landslides. In 
Derbyshire the RAC put on 
extra patrols to cope with the 
calls from stranded motorists. 

The London Weather Cen- 
ter predicted the storms would 
be gone by today. 

Weather forecast, page 20 

summit will be chaired by Sir 
Lynden Pindling, Prime Min- 
ister of the Bahamas. 

Mrs Thatcher told MPs that 
after the raid the group did 
have a meeting with eight 
South African ministers to 
discuss the way ahead. It was 
"just possible" that they might 
still continue their work. 

"After what has happened 
and with the violence on both 

Rand falls 
Township “war* 




sides. 1 still think it is worth 
making every effort to stop 
South Africa dissolving into a 
cauldron of violence. ’’ she 

The Prime Minister did not 
directly respond to a demand 
from Mr Kinnock for an 
undertaking rhat Britain 
would not use its veto if 
sanctions were sought at the 
UN Security Council. 

But she said: "I do not 
believe sanctions and the iso- 
lation of South Africa are any 

fail to act 

From Jan Raath 

The foreign ministers of the 
six Southern African front- 
line states gathered here yes- 
terday in the wake of the 
South Africa raids but gave no 
hint of any joint action. 

At the end of a day-long 
meeting, the states of Angola. 
Botswana, Mozambique. Tan- 
zania. Zambia and Zimbabwe 
condemned the “latest art of 
brutal aggression 

Referring to the mission of 
the Commonwealth Eminent 
Persons Group to bring peace 
in Souih Africa, they said that 
the timing of the raid “demon- 
strates, beyond possible 
doubt, the insensitivity, the 
duplicity and above all the 
blind stupidity” of the South 
African Government. 

The ministers said they had 
“reaffirmed their total com- 
mitment to the liberation 
struggles being waged against 
the evils of apartheid". 

The lack of any specific 
measures by the six states 
underlines their powerlessness 
against South Africa, as much 
as the raids demonstrated 
their vulnerability. 

Sources estimate that possi- 
bly hundreds of people have 
been taken in for questioning 
in Harare. 

more likely to achieve the 
desired negotiations after the 
raid than they were before.” 

Mr Kinnock said that isola- 
tion of South Africa was the 
only plausible means to pur- 
sue the possibility of a non- 
violent resolution and non- 
violent removal of apartheid. 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
leader, said the Prime Minis- 
ter should not leave Britain 
isolated in the Common- 
wealth as willing to utter 
words against apartheid but 
not willing to take action. 

United States, outraged by the 
raids, is in touch with Zambia, 
Zimbabwe and Botswana, and 
with its allies in an effort to 
restore prospects for dialogue 
and peaceful solution of differ- 
ences (Mohsin Ali writes). 

The spokesman for the State 
Department said that the 
United States had specific 
options under consideration 
but these did not include 
additional American econom- 
ic sanctions against South 

by Botha 

From Michael Hornsby 

Unmoved by international 
criticism. President Botha of 
South Africa yesterday robust- 
ly, and even belligerently, 
defended Monday's attacks. 

Intervening in a special half 
hour debate in Parliament, Mr 
Botha said South Africa would 
not be deterred by “the double 
standards and hypocrisy of the 
Western world” from hunting 
down “the smugglers of terror- 
ist arms into our country and 
murderers of innocent 

TTie text of Mr Botha's 
remarks released by the 
Government’s Bureau of Infor- 
mation concluded with the 
words: “I congratulate them 
(the forces which carried out 
toe raids) and assure the 
country that we will do it again 
when the occasion demands.” 

Mr Botha omitted this sen- 
tence when he delivered the 

But even without this last- 
minute toning-down his re- 
marks were tough enough. He 
made much of the alleged ties 
of the African National Con- 
gress with Libya. 

“We will fight international 
terrorism in precisely the same 
way as other Western coun- 
tries, Mr Botha said. 


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urged to boost 
local council 
spending curbs 

Bv Anthnnv Rpvinc a. - 

The Government's search 
for more effective controls 
over local authority capita] 
expenditure was given added 
urgency by a highly critical 
report from Sir Gordon Dow- 
ney, the Comptroller and Au- 
ditor General, yesterday. 

Sir Gordon said that the 
controls had resulted in un- 

— -WUU.U iu mi- 

der-spendmg of nearly £1,000 
million between 1981 and 

1983, and a forecast over- 
spend of £1,640 million be- 
tween 1984 and last April. 

He said that control ar- 
rangements had tailed in their 
primary purpose and that they 
had created a number of 
"undesirable side-effects”, in- 
cluding the obstruction of 
capita] projects which would 
more than recover costs. 

The report noted that in 
September 1984 the Govern- 
ment had acknowledged "that 
there were serious weaknesses 
in the existing control 
arrangements" and that a 
Green Paper published in 
January, Paying for Local 

Government, had recognized 
the need for fundamental 

Sir Gordon said that one 
Green Paper proposal, for the 
imposition of external bor- 
rowing limits for local authori- 
ties, would “pose serious 
practical problems which 
would take time to resolve”. 

He said that the alternative 
control, which would apply to 
gross expenditure regardless of 
capital receipts from council 
house and land sales, could be 
implemented more quickly 
and that a further consultation 
paper was published on that 
scheme last February. 

The report said that the use 
of net spending controls, in 
which housing sale receipts 
had been treated as negative 
expenditure, “has added great- 

!u (n 1 1t. . .... . .. I l J‘W - 


Peter Evans 

ly to the practical difficulty of 
exercising effective control be- 
cause of the impossibility of 

estimating accurately in 'ad- 
vance the capital receipts like- 
ly to accrue to local 

Local income tax 
‘the wrong reform 9 ' 


By George HOI 

Replacing the rates with a 
local income tax would be a 
flawed way of reforming coun- 
cil finance. Mr Kenneth Bak- 
er, Secretary of State for the 
Environment, said yesterday. 

At a conference of the 
Association of Metropolitan 
Authorities, Mr Baker strong- 
ly defended the 
Goyerament’spreferred alter- 
native of a community charge, 

which each council would set 
at a uniform level for all 

"Local income tax would be 
a recipe for continuing and 
increasing conflict between 
central and local govern- 
ment”, he said. 

"Any government must 
take a view about the accept- 
able level of taxation and 
income, and if their room for 
manoeuvre is constrained by 
the decisions of local authori- 

ties, that is a basis for 

In recent months, the de- 
bate over the Government’s 
plans to reform local govern- 
ment finance after the next 
election had moved away 
from retaining the present 
rating system, Mr Baker saiH 

But local income tax would 
not resolve the mismatch 
between those who pay tax 
and those who use local 
services, nor eliminate the 
need for complicated arrange- 
ments to equalize the taxable 
capacity of different areas. 

“Local authorities are, 
above all, service providers. 
With access to a buoyant 
distributive tax, more local 
authorities would opt for the 
quiet life: expansion of ser- 
vices as tax revenues and tax 
rates gradually crept up,” he 

Don is not race victim 

A London University pro- 
fessor who claimed that his 
career was ruined because of 
his Indian origin was told by 
an industrial tribunal yester- 
day that be was not a victim of 
racial discrimination. 

Professor Chandra Shanna 
alleged that the head of the 
applied mathematics depart- 
ment at Birkbeck College, 
Professor Ronald Tiffen, had 
blocked promotion from his 
£2 1 .QQO-a-year post 

Rejecting his claim, Mr 
Frederick Mostyn, the tribu- 
nal chairman, said: “We find 
that Professor Sharma’s salary 
reflected the contraints that 
the college system operated in 
rather than racial 

Many of the college’s 28 
professors were elderly and 
long serving, who were enti- 
tled to a higher salary than 
that ofProfessor Shanna, who 
is aged 51 

— lome Affairs 

. A ballot to end the threat of 
industrial action in the prison 
officers' dispute may no long- 
er be a formality as expected, 
after proposals to end the 
dispute were criticized at the 
Prison Officers Association's 
(POA) annual conference in 
Folkestone, Kent, yesterday. 

Officers from several pris- 
ons expressed disquiet at al- 
leged differences with 
management over a POA 
demand for manning levels to 
be determined by negotiation, 
with prison governors having 
the final say. 

The officers were concerned 
that management now intend- 
ed only to consult with them. 
Mr Peter Taylor, of Rochester 
Youth Custody Centre, 

"As far as I am wnceroed, we 
have won no thing ". 

Mr Alan Taylor, vice chair- 
man, said an agreement bad 
been reached on negotiability. 
Concessions had been cte ’ 
defined in letters from the » u 
Douglas Hurd, Home Secre- 
tary, and Sir Brian Cubbon, 
permanent under secretary at 
the Home Office. 

“We believe that we have 
it it right We believe that the 
>rm of words between the 
Prison Department and the 
association genuinely pro- 
vides for a procedure where 
disputes can be dealt with,” he 

It had been decided that in 
the event of a continuing 
dispute, management would 
;have the right to manage and 
the association would have 
the right to adopt its own 

Association leaders are rec- 
ommending to their members 
the formal removal of the 
threat of industrial action. 

There was strong criticism 
of the Government for alleg- 
edly failing to react properly to 
the crisis in the prisons, and 
for indulging in "devious 
tactics” against prison offi- 
cers. In their first concerted 
response to the riots and the 
f dispute, the officers were told 
that warnings of trouble had 
been given at Northeye pris- 
on, fiexhill. East Sussex, long 
before it became the worst 
damaged in the system. 

Mr Eric Spiers, secretary of 
the East Sussex branch of the 
POA, said: "We have had 
fires, disruptions, drug nhi^ 

.and horrific violence amongst 

BR cuts 6,000 jobs 

Echoes of glorious 
‘ il to mask 
economic realities 

Sogat militants _ 
Wapping jobs call 

Cbsnrm of a 

Chances of a settlement in 
the Wapping dispute look 
increasingly likely to founder 
on the issue of reinstatement 

w.. iwut ui icinsiaieineni 
of workers dismissed by News 
International, its management 

said vwtptHqv 

prisoners for ^ears. The top 

had to come OL. . 

| Mr Mai Thomas, assistan t 
secretary, criticized a "propa- 
ganda and smear” campaign 
by the Prison Department in 
holding imattributable press 
; conferences. “We were ac- 

; cused of operating restrictive 
practices. Apart from 

untrue that is som^mu 
has never been put to us 
Prison Department.” 




— _ j ^ | i iiauu impairment. 

Britain keeps chess dominance 

By Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent 

r a. • " 

said yesterday. 

It became clear at Monday’s 
mass meeting of dismissed 
pnntworkers belonging to the 
priming union Sogat '82 that 
many union members will nor 
be satified with financial com- 
pensation and will settle for 
nothing less than reinstate- 
ment in their former jobs. 

But in the wake of the 
meeting Mr Arthur Brit- 
tenden. News International’s 
Director of Corporate Rela- 
tions. repeated yesterday the 
company's stated position 
that large-scale reinstatement 
was not going to be offered. 

We have made it absolute- 
ly clear already that there is 
amply no question of ‘jobs at 
Wapping’ on a large scale for 
the workers who were dis- 

“They cannot be reinstated 
because we have a workforce 
here which is sufficient for oar 
needs. They have been im- 
mensely loyal and we have no 
intention whatsoever of get- 
ting rid of any of them to make 
way for other people.” 

In the fifth round of the 
KJeinwort Grieveson UK-US 
chess challenge, British play- 
ers maintained their dominat- 
ing lead over the US. 

Cathy Haslinger (UK) beat 
Angela Chang (US); Kevin 
(UK) lost to Alex Chang 
(US); while British champion 
Jon Speelman drew his game 
against US champion Lev 

The overall score, with 
three rounds to go is 9.5-5.5 in 
Britain's favour. 

(USSR) in the fourth n mtc h 

On Sunday Kasparov 
quickly won in the second 
session of the adjourned sec- 
ond match game. Miles had 
refused several opportunities 
in the first session to draw by 
perpetual check. 

S B-B4 
7 N-B3 
9 (HO 
11 OOI 

13 P-KS 






is R-ei 
17 HXNP 
19 RXQ 
21 KXB 
a p - aw 

9 Ml 

W B-Q3 
12 ffi-ffl 






i am 


Meanwhile, in Basel, 
England's Olympic, number 
one, Tony Miles, opened his 
score by drawing a complicat- 
ed struggle against world 
champion, Gary Kasparov 

Kasparov arrives in Lon- 
don on Monday to inspect the 
venue for his forthcoming 
worid championship match 
against former title-holder 
Anatoly Karpov. 

Second match game 
White: Miles 
Black: Kasparov 

29 B-HS 
27 K-N2 
29 B-OJ7® 
31 QXH 
33 008* 
37 O-BS* 
39 0-03 
41 0-08* 
45 P-NS 
47 PXP 
49 008* 
51 BXP 
53 048* 




m a 


18 R-BS 
18 Q4M 

29 Q-R8 
22 P-N3 

28 OKI 

30 B-Q2 
32 0415 
» °- B *+ 
38 P4B 
38 008* 






S W" 



ESSP 99 "* 

42 B-84 

48 P-HB 




80 007 
52 OXP* 

1 P-G4 
3 N-KB3 

2 P-QB4 
4 OfH 


55 0NS* 
57 0KB* 
■ SB K-B2 
61 O-JO* 
63 O-RS 
65 P-05 
67 008* 














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for doll 

In the dispute, now in its 
seventeenth week, militant 
Sogat members now setting 
the tempo will refuse to accept 
any deal of which frill rein- 
statement is not a part. 

At Monday’s mass meeting, 
at which . the union's general 
secretary. Miss Brenda Dean, 
was criticized fiercely for her 
leadership, there were calls to 
sabotage any ballot of mem- 
bers on settlement terms if 
reinstatement was not one of 

Since the meeting News 
International management is 
much more pessimistic about 
the union's response, due by 
May 30 at the latest, -to Mr 
Rupert Murdoch’s offer, of the 
former Gray’s Inn Road print- 
ing plant and a fund of 
£15 million as thc basis for a 
settlement - ~ ■ 

Mr Brittenden said: "We 
certainly feel that the chances 
of a settlement have been 

"An added problem now is 
that the union leadership does 
not have the confidence of its 
members. If there was an 
indication that our offer was 
being accepted, we would need 
to know that the union leaders 
could deliver their members. 

flight for 
Hawk 200 

By Peter Davenport 

By a cruel Irony the remind- 
ers of Doncaster’s glorious 
past m railway history were all 
around on the very day that 
British rail announced^ its job 

In the paint shop ax the 
engineering works, known lo- 
s imply as ‘The Plant*, 
workmen were pluming to 
restore perhaps the world’s 
most "famous steam engine, 
the rcand-breaking Mallard, 
before it goes on permanent 
exhibition at the National 
Railway Museum in York. 

The engine was built in Don- 
caster in 1938. 

Elsewhere in the town yes- 
terday a firm of local auction- 
eers were selling off around 
100 lots of historic railway 
models, pan of the estate left 
by a local collector. The sale 
attracted several hundred bid- : 
tiers, including some from 
Europe, and realised more 
than £20,000, much higher 
than expected. . 

But it was the harsher world 
of real railways that was the 
centre of concern - yesterday. 

Of the - job cuts announced by. 

BR, around 1,500 are to come 
at Doncaster out of an existing 
workforce of 3,100. Earlier 
thfe year, BR also announced 
350 redundancies at its works 
in the town, due to come into 
effect in August. 

Although the cuts were not 
as severe as some nnipn 

leaders had feared, with pre- 
******* 16 2,000, 

British Aerospace's Hawk 
200, the single-seat adapta- 
tion of the the two-seat Hawk 
trainer used by the Royal Air 
Force, flew for the first rim* 
on Monday evening. 

The o ne- hour-eight een- 
minute flight from Dunsfold, 
Surrey, piloted by BA chief 
test pilot, Mr Mike Snefling, 
was brought forward by a day 
because of a poor weather 
forecast. It was said to have 
been a complete success. 

The Hawk 200, a subsonic 
.fighter powered by a Rolls 
iKoyce Ado ur engine, has been 
introduced specifically for 
. overseas sales. The removal 
!of the second man from the 
cockpit has allowed the indn- 
ishm of more equipment »nrf 
1 1 the installation of a high 
|i velocity 25 mm. Aden g un, 

• It is claimed that, at a 
irejahrely low cost, the Hawk 
1200 wffi be able to carry a 
[substantial weapons load, in- 
cluding advanced migafe* 
(such as the Sea Eagle, or the 
[Sidewinder for air-to-air com- 
bat, and remain on patrol for 

dictions ranging up «> zjj uu, 
Mr Wills Proudfoot, the NUR 
area officer, was in no doubt 
about the message behind the 
announcement “Tbe figures 
together mean that the 
workforce would have been 
cut by more than half m less 
than a year, ft is amply 
slimming down for total clo- 
sure whidt I believe will come 
in two or three years, ft is a sad 
day for the town.” 

Mr Brian Day, the area 
officer of the engineering 
union, AEU, with members in 

tire works, called the decision ' 

“political malice". He said 
that the Government were 
permitting job tradi- 
tional Labour areas knowing 
they had few votes to lose. 

Doncaster becamea railway 
town when the framer Great 
Northern Railway transferred 
its main engineering works 
from Boston in Lincolnshire 
*n 1853. The first steam 
locomotive was built jh 1867 
and when the last was run out 
of the sheds in 1957 the works 
had produced a total of 23)0 
engines, among them the A4 
Mallard and its equally fiun- 
ous cousin, the A3 Flying 

At its height the works 
employed over 7,000 men but 
in the past 20 years its main 
role has been ra the repair of 
rolling stock, although it has 
continued to produce a anal] 
□umber of dksel locomotives. 4 
Many of the workers who 
left the plant yesterday were 
bewildered at the.reasons for 
the cuts, arguing that their 
works were competitive and 
profitable. Mr Mick Cahill, an 
NUR branch officer, said that 
last year the entire workforce 
were given a video presenta- 
tion extolling the bright future 
for the works. 

“We were told we wens 
making a profit of £2^ mil- 
lion. Admittedly, there had 
been investment of £60 mfl- 
hon but surely malting £ 2.5 
million a year makes more 
sense than putting all rh^c* 
people on the dole.? 

There win be little opportu- 
nity for those who lose their 
jobs to find new work. Unem- 
ployment in the town, which 
Jas a population of 289,000 

has soared by 5 per cent in the 

last year and now stands at 2 1 

• percent In the local job centre 

yesterday there were just eight 
vacancies advertised Hot- 

The local Labour council is 
pinning its hopes on revitaliz- 
ing the job market by attract- 
ing, small businesses. 

Yesterday the Labour 
ommeirs leader, Mr Gordon 
Gaftimorc, was asked what the 
ratine held if the scheme was 
not successful “In ten years 
there won't be a Doncaster” 
he said. 







64 Ml 
68 M2 
63 Q-B7+ 

70 r 

E8* 7 



Financial and Accounting, 

Chief Executives, 

Managing Directors, 


Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. 



By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

A German doll of 1909 
dressed like a nurse in a blue 
and white striped dress and 
pinafore set an auction price 
record for a doll when it sold 

ftn „5 4 » 2 9° (estimate 
£10,000 - £15,000) at 
Sotheby's yesterday. 

Only exceptional rarities 
from the seventeenth and 
eighteenth centuries have 
reaped that kind of price 

The doll is the product of 
one of the best known Ger- 
man factories, Kammer and 
Reinhart, and it is one of the 
rarest moulds used by the 
factory. It was bought by an 
minamed private collector. 

Another attraction of the 
sale was a group of evening 
8owns by top French designers 
of the 1920s and 1930s and 
consigned to Sotheby’s for 

The top price was £4,620 
(estimate £1,500 - £2,000) for 
a beaded cripe-de-ckine cock- 
tail dress by Jean Patou dating 
from about 1928-35. It was 
bought back by Patou. 

A group of 31 dolls dressed 
by leading British designers in 
1984 in aid of the Save the 
Children Fund were sold for a 
total of £2.154. Lurking in a 
provincial sale in Avranches 
m Northern France at the 
weekend was one of the most 
important medieval illuniated 
manuscripts seen on the mar- 
ket in recent years. 

^ — — I — — — iww vuy i rxu 

Libya raid forces 

H A « 

up to four hours. 

Works ma v 

1985 Famborough Air Show; | ^ 

BA to cut back 

shed 1,100 

By Ronald Fame 

Safety role 

on trains 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

Away* have re- under-react to the 
scheduled sennas and can- ' ' 
celted recruitment of 1,500 
® sharp drop in 
traffic in the wake of the 
bombing of Libya. 

Cuts fo permanent staff 
which totals 38,000, could 
follow if traffic foils to pick 

----- m the present 
particularly difficult market 

“These result substantially 
from the views being given to 
the American people by the 
American media about the 
hazards of travelling to the 
United Kingdom and 

wo rkforce the 
Spnngbnni works of British 
Rail Engineering (BREL) In 
p®w is bo be cot from 

'to at most 200 by 1989. 
Six other smaller railway 
workshops elsewhere in Soof- 
fend will be downgraded or 



_Bath British Rail and the 
Department ofTran sport yes- 
t erday re jected a role for the 
Department’s Railway Inspec- 
torate in devising safety rules 
for the operation of one-man 

u«uuc iaii S to pjcfc united 
~f er month. Lord King of Europe.” 
artnaMr, the airline's chair- On privatization, Lord 
roan, said yesterday. vv • 

"The sale will go ahead, and 
then we’ll see what the price 

He announced pre-tax prof- 
its up to £1 83 million last year, 
from £168 million. 

At the same time 
revenue and profits WU iu 
prevent the flotation of the 
anrime by reducing its market 
pnee to a level below which 
foe sale is not worthwhile. 

Earlier estimates of a market 
up to £1^200 million 
couW faff to £500 million - , 

x /00 million, against present ■ dtElClllfltS Oil 


On the North Atlantic 
route, which accounts for 
about £700 million a year, a 
quarter of revenue, cancella- 
tions exceeded bookings by 
27,000 in the first week after 
“5.. bombing of Libya, Mr 
Cohn Marshall, cMef execu- 
tive said yesterday. While that 

— — in UK CUgJ- 

BeeT *ng works announced yes- 
terday and Scot RaO said that 

over the next three years the 
mfuMcRaisce strategy in S cot- 



no one bad said at what price. . Afo ;* gh the news of redan- 
"The sale . will eo ahearL and dancies had been expected 

after British Rail "»°"fyp puai^ 

r. . That means British Rail will 

thfSS-SJ^ ^ cmamly press on with 

me rean m ia n cies In the engx- the . introduction of 

announced that there would be . •t™ ** «aa 

reductions leading to a work- appropriate to refer 

funce of 400 at Springhorn by ^.^oiher matters 
March next year, the farther wnicn were placed firmly in its 
reappraisal by Scot RaiL the by **» l9 *2 Transport 

man ”‘ n ? ™ spite of a recom- 
mendation on. Monday by the 
management/union Railway 
Stan National Tribunal under 
Lord McCarthy that the ad- 
vice of the department’s in- 
spectorate should be sought 
on the safety aspect of single- 

British Rail said It 


34,000 bookings last weekT the 
flfwell below the 

It was sold to a French 
private collector for 7.8 mil- 
hon francs (£709,091). ft is 
believed to originate from the 
Noyons-Soissons area of 
northern France and the 
magnificient historiated ini- 
tials show a Byzantine influ- 
gP 08 which reached the 
French ateliers via England. 

Its style is similar to that of 
the psalter preserved hr the 
Chantilly museum which be- 
longed to Queen Ingeburge, 
wife of King Philippe- 
Auguste. The sale was handled 

feme was still „, c 

50,000 usual at this time of 

Staff and other economies 
are being linked with a new 
sales campaign launched in 
the United States yesterday 
and no decisions on reduiH 
aancies will be taken until the 

SStf* “ fa abom a 

coromenting on 

IJ!..*?? 0 drop - “We 
shall take care not to over- 
react, but at the same time his 
(important that we do not 

The future of the Channel 
Tunnel project is still in the 
balance as the Bill feces fur- 
ther obstacles in Parliament 
(Sheila Gunn writes). 

Yesterday the Standing Or- 
ders Select Committee had to 
deade if special dispensation 
should be given for its ao 
.ahead. But the five Conserva- 
tive and five Labour members 
e « u *“y- Md Mr 

Harold Walker, the chairman, 
a Labour MP and deputy 
Speaker,, refused to nse his 
casting vote. 

A special motion will now 
«> tbe Commons so' that 
MFS can decide if the Bill 
should cany on. 

• Mr John East, chief execu- 
tiveof the English Tourist 
“oard, said yesterday that 
terrorist threats hart caused no 
more than a "hiccup” in the 
growth of Britain's booming 
tounst industry. 

by Scot Rail, the 
. - — J ww owner, more than 
halves that figure. 

of the but 

ntiaee,^SX^nom^^" SfJ 811,1 ^ 3 >000 a day 

awld mean rirtaaJ dosure. Tnalfl* imnnWA.i COIlM 

Art. - — ™ Transport 

According to British Rail 
1 per cent of trains were 


o MM.n Bui Tirtm donn. 
Unready U200 men had gone 
! fro® the focomotive works, 
»wl he believed the place 
wwM not be viable. He said 

| , -—-1 VUIUU 

make important savings by 
extending single-manning to 
perhaps thud of those. 

That did not include high- 
■eed trains and certain 
ight trains where a second 
pan- of eyes was needed. 

was neeoea. 

Plea for 500 coal jobs 
in Ll i_ 


Paying passengers J 

over tSmorths 

by the local auctioneer Pierre 

Sotheby's sale of Chinese 
porcelain in Hong Kong yes- 
terday totalled £1.8 million 
with 12 percent left unsold. 

A plea to save nearly 500 
Jobs in "one ‘of 
South Wiles’s worst unem- 
ployment black spots is to be 
made to Mr Peter Walker, 
Secretary of State for Enerey, 
mid the chairman of British 
CcmJ, Mr Ian MacGregor. 

tbe jobs are at 

coalfield workshops at 
Tredegar, Gwent, where one 
man in four is on the dole. 

Nme months ago the 
workforce was assured the 
workshops had. a longterm 

British Coal is closing the 
Tredegar workshops and 
sfores at Ammanford, pyfed, 
ana*. 1 1 pit closures in South 
Wales smee foe end of the 

Mr Neil Kinhock said 

The promise came when he 
met nearly 50 Scottish miners 
wtw have all been judged 
unfairly dismissed but refused 
reemployment by the coal 



•The National Union of 
Mineworkers could soon re- 
gain some control of its £8.5 
million funds seized 
High Court during 
strike. Mr Justice >nci «yu 
Davies, who appointed a Re- 
ceiver to control the funds in 
November 1984, said that be 
.was. satisfied that after the 
apopointment of new trustees 
the umoh's property would be 

If) Cafik an/4 l -.J— 


% 1L- 


at; - . 

wares smoe the end of the i 06 uru on s property wouk 
mroere sufke and theaxingpf ,n safe and capable hands. 

•Dismissed miners bMause a number of 

have won then- fo r the receivership 

statement at industrial tribu- ^ to - **. a 

V V 

■ ^ rv, 
•bfi ■ 


V 1 * '•■ 

• -\V”. 

? ■ t 

^Id.adjonrnfo^iSS v ,! 

■ 1 * 1 , • 

4h,* > 

A ft 



j ■ 

% ; ; 

f rr' 

? ; j 


Employee resistance 
to forced moves by 
company ‘increasing’ 



By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 
Employees are becoming 
more resistant to being moved 
by their companies from one 
area to another, largely be- 
cause of family pressures, 
according to a survey carried 

out by one of the largest 
relocation organizations. 
Merrill Lynch Relocation 
Management International. 

The survey among compa- 
nies from the “Times 1000” 
showed that in 1985 about 

32.000 employees were 
moved within the UK. an 
increase of 7 per cent from 

30.000 in 1984 and up 28 per 
cent from 25.000 in 1983. The 
main reason for moving staff 
is promotion, given as the 
reason by 34 per cent of 
companies, while 32 per cent 
said it was to fill a post 
requiring particular skills and 
26 per cent said it was to 
develop the skills and career of 

Despite these reasons, 21 
per cent of companies said the 
the level of resistance to 
moving among employees in- 
creased during 1985, and was 
particularly evident in the 
banking and finance sector (32 
per cent). 

The main cause of resis- 
tance was the childrens’ 
schooling (38 per cent of 
companies explained), but 
mere are now two other 
reasons which are causing 


One is the increasing prob- 
lem posed by the working wife 
or husband of the employee to 
be moved which affected 37 
per cent, and which Merrill 
Lynch say is likely to be a 
continuing difficulty as both 
partners work either because 
they need two pay packets or 
because both are pursuing 

The next problem is the 
housing cost differential be- 
tween north and south, or 
more specifically between the 
rest of Britain and London 
and the south-east. 

About 29 per cent reported 
that as their reason for resis- 
tance, followed by 22 per cent 
complaining about the disrup- 
tion of life cause by a move. 

Companies continue to un- 
dervalue the cost of relocating 
their staff. While Merrill 
Lynch estimate the cost at 
around £10,000. the average 
given by companies as £6, 1 00, 

slightly higher than last year’s 
estimate of £5,700. The under- 
valuing is thought to be the 
result of underestimating or 
ignoring the cost of bridging 
finance, one of the main costs 
of a move. 

Despite this failing, more 
companies are offering assis- 
tance with bridging loans. 
Only 1 7 per cent of companies 
are offering no helpt. com pared 
with 24 per cent in 1985. and 
time limits for loans have 
become more generous, with 
28 per cent of companies 
setting no time limit. 

Merrill Lynch say the rea- 
son for these policies may be 
the lack of knowledge of 
bridging finance costs. While 
companies gave reasonably 
ac urate and consistent esti- 
mates of the cost of removals, 
disturbance allowances and 
temporary accommodation, 
almost half (45 per cent) did 
not know the cost of bridging 

There has also been a drop 
in the number of companies 
helping employees to look for 
a home in the new location. 

‘Racist’ teacher may lose job 

By Tim Jones 

A teacher at a multicultural 
educational centre will learn 
today whether he is to lose his 
job for allegedly inciting racial 
tension in an article for the 
right-wing literary magazine, 
Salisbury Review. 

Mr Jonathan Savery. aged 
37. a teacher at the Avon 
Multicultural Education Cen- 
tre at Bristol, denies he is 

Mr Savery, who married a 
West Indian woman and has 
taught children from ethnic 

minorities for 1 3 years, seems ' 
set to become embroiled in a 
controversy similar to that 
which caused Mr Ray Honey- 
ford, a headmaster in Brad- 
ford, to seek early retirement 
Mr Honeyford had also ex- 
pressed his views on multi- 
racial education in the same 

In his article, Mr Savery 
argued that anti-racism was 
the new witchcraft of the left. 
He wrote: “The anti-racists’ 
apparent interest in education 
rarely seems to extend beyond 
the stage of parading the 

under-achievement of certain 
groups as “proof" of racism. 

“Indeed their interest in 
pupils' schooling seems a 
mere contrivance. For their 
true concerns are political 
rather than pedagogical." 

The campaign against Mr 
Savery has been led by Mr 
Charanjit Singh, a teacher of 
Sikh studies at the centre, who 
said that Mr Savery symbol- 
ized a racist backlash. 

A decision on Mr Savery's 
future in his £9,000 a year post 
will be taken by a disciplinary 
panel of Avon Council. 

Stonehenge pop 
organizers banned 

The Stonehenge mid-sum- 
mer pop festival was effective- 
ly banned by the High Court 
yesterday when a judge or- 
dered the organizers to stay 

Judge John Newey. QC 
granted 25 landowners injunc- 
tions against 46 named peo- 
ple. banning them from going 
within four miles of Ston- 

Afterwards a lawyer for the 
landowners said the effect of 
the injunctions made against 
the “nucleus" of intending 
festival -goers would be to ban 
the festival, planned for June 
21 . 

English Heritage., the gov- 
ernment body which looks 
after the ancient monument, 
with the National Trust and 
the other landowners, sought 
the injunctions in an attempt 
to prevent last year's violent 
clashes between the police and 
the hippy “peace convoy". 

The judge said the last 
festival to be held at Stone- 
henge. in 19S4. “seriously 
interfered with the happiness 
of many local people" and 
caused damage, loss, expense 
and anxiety in the area. 

Bui he added: “It's unfortu- 
nate that, for those w;ho gain 
pleasure from attending pop 
festivals. there is no properly 
equipped site available on 
which an ordinary festival 
could be held". 

The festival-goers argued 
that an injunction would in- 
terfere with their freedom to 
practise their religion and 
their right to “freedom of 

The judge adjourned the 
case against Mr Anthony 
Chappell, who is representing 
the Druids in their challenge 
to the decision by English 
Heritage to close the monu- 
ment this year. 

Tun Sebastian, a Druid, 
wearing his insignia for the 
court hearing. 

See the world 
young told 

Unemployed youngsters 
were yesterday offered words 
of advice: “Get on your bike — 
a bus. a train or even your own 
two Teel - and see the world." 

The suggestion came from 
some of Britain's top travel- 
lers who were presented with 
awards by the Duchess of 
Gloucester at the Savoy Hotel 

The three who followed 
Captain Scott's footsteps to 
the South Pole. Mr Robert 
Swan, aged 28 from Co Dur- 
ham. Mr Roger Mear. aged 33. 
of Birmingham, and Mr Gar- 
eth Wood, aged 33- who now’ 
lives in Canada, were named 
Travellers of the ^ ear. 

Scots church 
reverses vote 
on abortion 

Abortions should be al- 
lowed when pregnancy might 
cause physical or psychologi- 
cal harm to the mother, the 
Church of Scotland’s General 
Assembly decided yesterday. 

The ministers voted by a big 
majority to relax their strong 
anti -abortion stand of last year 
after a heated debate at the 
assembly in Edinburgh. 

Meanwhile, a survey, pub- 
lished in the report to the 
assembly, showed more 
Church of Scotland members 
declaring themselves to be 
Conservatives than any other 

church group. More than 45 
per cent voted Tory. 

stress link 


By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Young computer professkm- 
alsare prime candidates for 
stress-related diseases such as 
hypertension, a university pro- 
fessor claims. 

The competitive demands of 
tiie computer industry are 
exerting heavy pressures on 
those who design, market and 
manufacture computers. Pro- 
fessor Cary Cooper, of the 
University of Manchester 
Insititute of Science and Tech- 
nology (UMIST), says. 

He and Mr Howard Kahn 
have just completed a review of • 
the research conducted on 
stress in the industry. . 

Professor Cooper believes 
that individuals who work in 
the industry follow Type A. or 
coronary-prone, behaviour. 
They are highly motivated, 
aggressive, smoke and drink 
too much and eat the wrong 
foods. Computer users are 
being subjected to stress also. 

Computer casualties show 
classic signs of stress: apathy,. 
bad timekeeping, heavy smok- 
ing and drinking. If the stress 
and the habits persist serious 
illnesses, such as heart dis- 
ease, can result- Many of these 
effects are not detectable be- 
cause the industry is young, as 
are the people who work in it. 

Killin g charge 

Keith Evans, aged 18. of 
Haywards Heath, West Sus- 
sex. was remanded in custody- 
until May 28 by the town's 
magistrates yesterday, charged 
with murdering Stuart Sparks- 
man. aged 1 1, whose body was 
found at Cans Wood near by 
on T hursday last week. 

Fly emergency 

An infestation of fries has 
closed a £1 million operating 
suite at the King Edward VII 
Hospital, Sheffield, South 
Yorkshire. Two 30-bed wards 
have been temporarily closed 
and 110 orthopaedic opera- 
tions have been cancelled. 

Armour stolen 

A Civil War suit of armour, 
commemorating the . royalist 
victory at Cropredy Bridge in 
1644, has been stolen from the 
parish church at Cropredy, 

Royalty in television ratings battle 

. _ ..... /ImhjL with Alfrv.i Rrpncip) Piprrp 

Royalty and the World Cop 
soccer finals in Mexico high- 
light the I TV' summer sched- 
ule, announced yesterday. 

As well as the wedding <m 
P rince Andrew and Miss Sa- 
rah Ferguson in 
Abbey on July 23. 
screen a full-length tribnte to 
the Queen in S*xfy 
Yean, presented by 
Alastair Burnet. 

Independent Television 
News will also 

portrait of the prince and hrt 
fiancee, and London Weekend 
Television will screen A Royal 
Day, which looked at the 
wedding of the Prince 
Princess of Wales five years 
ago. for a second time. 

BBC television will 
whb the most ambitious surn- 
music and arts department. 

including an exclusive Omni- 
bus film of the Bolshoi Ballet 
in Moscow. 

“This is a tremendous scoop 

because it is the first time that 

a Western crew has had such 
access to the Bolshoi Ballet , 
Mr Alan Yentoh, BBC- 
Televfeion’s head of music and 
arts. said. 

BBC2 will also cover the 
Bath Festival in what is hoped 
will be the first of annual visits 
to British arts events. Five of 
the six programmes will be 
broadcast simultaneously with 

Radio 3. . 

Music programmes metude 
the world premiere of Peter 
Maxwell Davies’s violin con- 
certo, played by Isaac Stern, a 
ro val gala cocert with the City 
of Birmingham Symphony Or- 
chestra, conducted, by Simon 
Rattle, and a “Liszt Week" 

with Alfred BrendeL, Pierre 
Boulez and Daniel Barenboim. 

The summer’s dance sched- 
ule also includes a four-part 
series on modem choreogra- 
phers from the London School 
of Contemporary Dance. 

In contrast, the football 
personalities Jimmy Greaves. 
Kevin Keegan and Brian 
Clough will head ITV*s team 
providing more than 70 hoars 
of commentary and analysis 
on the World Cap finals. 

• BBC Television defeated 
TTV in a fight for FA Cup final 
viewers. Figures released by 
the Broadcasters* Audience 
Research Board yesterday 
showed that the BBC attracted 
&8 million viewers, compared 
with 4.7 million for TTV. 

Donna McMellins, aged 15, from Clapton Girls School, Hackney, east London, trying out 
an Eledrike yesterday. Schools are being challenged to make the £15 alternative C? from 
other people’s cast-offs snch as wheels, a battery and boards (Photograph: Cans Hams). 

Brighton bomb trial 

Hotel bomb ‘part of cache’ 

A cache of arms and bomb- 
making equipment seized last 
year in Glasgow was “one of 
the most significant and dead- 
ly collections of terrorist 
equipment over discovered in 
Great Britain", a jury at the 
Central Criminal Court was 
told yesterday. 

Mr Alan Feraday, from the 
Royal Armaments Research 
and Development Establish- 
ment, said there was sufficient 
material in the cache, found in 
a cellar at James Gray Street, 
to make at least 24 bombs, in 
addition to the one already 
planted at the Rubens Hotel 
near Buckingham Palace. 

Mr Feraday. who has more 
than 30 years' experience of 
explosives, said that the Ru- 
bens Hotel bomb, defused by 
police in June last year, clearly 
came from the Glasgow cache. 

TTie prosecution claims the 
device was set to detonate on 
July 29. The 31b 9oz bomb, 
packed in a yellow plastic 
lunch box, had two separate 
booby trap devices. 

The first was a mercury tilt 

The prosecution claims that 
it was one of 16 bombs which 
the five accused, Patrick 
Magee, aged 35. Gerard 
McDonnel. aged 34, Peter 

Sherry, aged 30. Martina An- 
derson aged 23. and Ella 
O'Dwyer, aged 26. were plan- 
ning io explode in London 
and 12 seaside resorts last 

Mr Magee alone is accused 
of planting the bomb that 
exploded at the Grand Hotel. 
Brighton, during the 1984 
Conservative party confer- 
ence and with the murder of 
the five people who died 

All five have pleaded not 

The hearing continues 




onslaught 9 

Two sisters suffered “ap- 
palling injuries" from a whip 
or belt and cigarette burns and 
had marks covering their bod- 
ies as if they had been beaten 
with a hairbrush, the Central 
Criminal Court was told 

Mrs Patricia May. for the 
prosecution, said the sisters, 
aged il and 8. who were 
ordered not to be identified, 
had been subjected to “an 
onslaught of uncontrolled 
beatings". The girl's father, a 
builder aged 29. and the 
woman he lived with, aged 28, 
of Croydon, south London, 
denied a total of 12 charges of 
child cruelty and causing 
grievous bodily harm and 
injury to the sisters between 
January and October last year. 

The elder sister told ihe 
recorder. Mr Robert Harman. 
QC. yesterday that her mother 
had beaten her with a bell and 
her father had hit her with a 
wire skipping rope. 

The girl said her mother had 
beaten her because “my little 
brother used to tell lies on me 
to my mum. He said 1 did 
things when 1 didn't. I told her 
I didn't, but she didn't believe 
me and she used to beat me." 

Mrs May told the court that 
the girls had suffered “appall- 
ing injuries", possibly because 
they were “made scapegoats 
for their far more indulged 
younger brother whose word 
was being accepted by the 
parents without any proper 
thought or investigation". 

She said it was significant 
that doctors had found no 
injuries on the boy. aged five. 

Although the sisters were 
always neatly dressed, staff at 
their" school noticed their uni- 
forms covered all their limbs. 
The first time the elder girl 
wore physical education clo- 
thes her teachers had noticed 
scars on her arms and legs and 
alerted the social services. 

The hearing continues 

— § old — 

The Portfolio Gold daily 
£4.000 prize was won outright 
yesterday by a woman physio- 
therapist in a Scottish hos- 

Mrs Thelma Thomson, 
aged 45, of Perth Road, 
Tayside. Is a physiotherapist 
at the Dunfermline and West 
Fife hospital. 

5he has been a reader of The 
Times For five years, but only 
began playing the competition 
two weeks ago. She plans to 
use her winnings cautiously 
and may invest the money. 

-With two children to put 
through school you need every 
penny you can get, but I never 
thought the money would come 
this way", Mrs Thomson said. 

If you experience difficulty 
obtaining a gold card, send a 
SLa.e. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

. The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Test tube 
triplets born 

Test tube triplets, two girls 
and 3 boy. were bom by 
Caesarean section in Notting- 
ham City Hospital yesterday. 
The mother, who does nol 
wont to be named, and the 
babies were said to be fine. 

The birth was the first 
success for the test tube baby 
unit at the private Park Hospi- 
tal. Arnold. Nottingham, 
which opened nine months 

Mayor stays 

The controlling Labour 
group on Bradford council 
changed its mind at the elev- 
enth hour yesterday and 
agreed not to abolish the office 
oflord mavor. 



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■ -PARLIAMENT MAY 20 1986 • 

■k. v 1 *• ’ ~ A 

S Africa raids 

BR job losses • 

University grants ; 

Cauldron of violence 
in South Africa 
must be avoided 


In spile of the raids by South 
Africa into Botswana. Zambia 
and Zimbabwe, which she to- 
tally and utterly rejected. Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, told the Commons 
that while she believed the 
Commonwealth peace mission 
in the shape of seven eminent 
persons had suffered a setback 
because of what had happened, 
she hoped they would continue 
their work so Ions as there was a 
possibility of it coming to a 
successful conclusion. 

She rejected demands by Mr 
Neil K innock. Leader of the 
Opposition, for the imposition 
by Britain of economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa, 
pointing out that these had not 
worked in the case of Rhodesia. 
The> must stick, she said, to the 
objective of discussion and di- 
alogue and the prevention of 
violence on both sides. 

Mr Kinnock. in raising the issue, 
described the South African 
attacks as an act of state 
terrorism clearly designed to 
damage the Commonwealth 

In condemning this outrage 
(he went oni will the Prime 
Minister give an undertaking 
that Britain will not use its veto 
in the event of mandatory 
sanctions being sought at the 
United Nations Security Coun- 

Secondly, will she either initi- 
ate or support effective sanc- 
tions by the Commonwealth 
against South Africa? 

Mrs Thatcher. After the raid, 
and in the knowledge of that, the 
Eminent Persons Group did 
have a meeting with eight South 
African ministers and discussed 
the wav ahead and left their 
proposals with those South Af- 
rican ministers. They have now 
left South Africa because they 
thought that stage of their 
proceedings was over. 

It is possible — just possible — 
they may still continue their 
work 3nd 1 can only say. after 
what has happened and with the 
violence on both sides. I still 
think it is worth making every 
effort to stop South Africa just 
dissolving into a cauldron of 

Mr Kinnock: I sincerely hope 
persistence by the group will be 
rewarded by significant change 
in the position in South .Africa. 
Ticking off the South African 
charge does not constitute effec- 
tive action and the efforts of the 
Group would be immensely 
strengthened, as would the 
Commonwealth efforts in gen- 
eral. if she demonstrated here 
and now that she was prepared 
to initiate and develop effective 
sanctions against South Africa? 
Mrs Thatcher No. 2 do not 
believe sanctions and the isola- 
tion of South Africa are any 
more likely to achieve the 
desired negotiations after the 
raid than they were before. 

Heads of government of the 
Commonwealth charged with 

duties in relation to the group 
will be meeting in London at the 
beginning of August under the 
chairmanship of Sir Lynden 
Pindling and doubtless their 
position will be discussed then. 

It is our great anxiety to 
prevent the terrible violence 
that could take place in South 
Africa and do everything pos- 
sible to assist, still, the EPG to 
carry out their role. 

Mr Kinnock: With that earnest 
desire in mind, will she accept 
that isolation of South Africa is 
the only plausible means 
remaining to pursue the 
possibility of a non-violent 
resolution and a non-violent 
removal of apartheid in South 

If she does accept that, will 
she recognise now a signal by the 
British Government, even in 
anticipation of the findings of 
the EPG. taking a firm stand in 
line with the original propo- 
sitions of the Nassau agreement. 

Kinnock: Effective sanctions 
most be imposed 

would demonstrate to South 
Africa we will not appease 
apartheid or tolerate their war- 
fare against other African states 
and secondly we will implement 
effective sanctions? 

Mrs Thatcher No. becuase T do 
not think sanctions would help 
achieve the objective we seek. 
Thev did not in Rhodesia. It is 
nght to do as we have done to 
deny South Africa defence 
weapons under a manadatory 
Security Council resolution. We 
must keep the objective in 
mind, which is discussion and 
dialogue and the prevention ot 
violence on both sides. 

Mr John Carlisle (Luton North, 
CV. Since the African National 
Congress declared an escalation 
of violence at the weekend, in 
the interests of self defence the 
South African Government had 
no alternative but to prevent 
further bloodshed by the attack. 

Will she accept, as the former 
Australian Prime Minister. Mr 
Malcolm Fraser, a member ol 
the Eminent Persons Group, 
said today, that all is not lost 
and now is' the lime for re- 
doubled efforts by the group to 
achieve a solution. 

Mrs Thatcher: We totally and 
utterly condemn those raids 
conducted by South Africa on 
the three countries. We still 
believe, along with the 
Commonwealth, that which was 
quoted in the Commonwealth 
communique that “we should 
negotiate for a suspension of 
violence on all sides and 
process of dialogue across poli 
tics, colour and religion with a 
view to establishing a non-raciaJ 
and representative 


For that purpose, it is essen- 
tial to secure an ending of 
violence on all sides. That was 
and will remain our objective. If 
we had given up on Rhodesia 
every time there was a terrible 
raid across the border or vi- 
olence within the country we 
should never have got the 
settlement we ultimately 

Mr David Steel. Leader of the 
Liberal Party: Will she give ail 
undertaking, once the 
Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernment have read the report 
from the Eminent Persons 
Group, she will not leave Britain 
isolated in the Commonwealth 
as willing to utter words against 
apartheid but not willing to take 

Mrs Thatcher: I have indicated 
the action that the Common 
wealth took with the formation 
of the group. The morning after 
the raids they met the eight 
ministers, still determined to 
carry on with their task, if at ail 

Mr Julian Amery (Brighton 
Pavilion. C): The South African 
raids in themselves are not so 
very different from those under- 
taken by Israel or more recently 
by the United States, with her 
cooperation. (Labour cheers) 
What causes anxiety is the 
timing of these particular raids 
when the eminent persons group 
were themselves in Cape Town. 
Ought we not to wait for 
clarification of why the South 
Africans took the action they 
did and how the eminent per- 
sons have reacted before wc 
decide on any comse of action? 
Mrs Thatcher ! hope tie will 
agree that the South Africa case 
is very different from any other, 
different in its apartheid, dif- 
ferent in its degree of violence 
on all sides. 

Jobs back call for miners 

Management of the National 
Coal Board did not reside with 
the Government but, by Act of 
Parliament with the NCB 
board itself, the Prime Minister 

Mrs Thatcher was replying to 
Mr Gavin Strang (Edinburgh 
East Lab) who urged her to 
read in Hansard the comments 
made last year by the 

Secretaries of Stale for Energy 
and Scotland urging miners 
dismissed during the strike to 
take their cases to industrial 

There were *10 miners there 
in the House today who took 
that advice and had the 
tribunals recommend their re- 
engagement, but the NCB was 
refusing to lake them back. 

Grants change to 
reward excellence 
at universities 

Clarke says pay increases 
must be kept down 


Some university departments 
may have to be dosed while the 
better ones will get more money. 
Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary of 
State for Education and Science, 
told die Commons in a statement 
about university funding for the 
1986-87 academic year. 

If (he said) we are to continue 
to improve the quality of and 
effectiveness of onr universities 
we must provide positive in- 
centives to individual institu- 
tions for better management and 
better teaching and research. 

But the Secretary of State 
announced he was telling the 
University Grants Committee 
the Government would be 
ready to consider with them 
some further financial provision 
in 1987-88 and the following 
years. This would, however, 
depend crucially on evidence of 
real progress in implementing 
and building on the ib«f 

were needed. 

Mr Giles Rad ice, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on education, 
said the statement, with its 
support for cats and half- 
hearted promise about talks 
sometime was a savage indict- 
ment of Sir Keith's period in 

It is (he said) bad news for 
universities, bad news for stu- 
dents and bad news for industry. 
We are the only major country in 
western Europe cutting back on 
higher education, and it is a 

Sir Keith Joseph said the UGC 
was that day writing to the 
universities to inform them of 
their grants for the 1986-87 
academic year in the context of 
their planning to the end of the 

The committee would also 
inform the universities next 
week of the detailed outcome of 
the important initiative it had 
taken to encourage and reward 
excellence in university depart- 
ments by selective reallocation 
of the fuods available. 

In plain language this meant 
more funds for the better re- 
search departments and less for 
the less good. 

It meant a greater incentive to 
all universities and departments 
to improve both their academic 
standards and their manage- 
ment and use of resources. 

This (he said) is a landmark in 
university funding which the 
Government strongly supports. 

The Government is under no 
illusions about the difficulties of 
r estr uc turi ng and rationalisation 

involved. As some departments 
gain, others may have to be 
reduced and even dosed. 

He would be discussing the 
way forward with the UGC and 
with^ the Committee of Vice- 
chancellors and Principals. 

Mr Radke said that after all the 
weekend publicity Sir Keith's 
sta teme nt would be a bitter 
disappointment to all those who 
were concerned about the future 
of higher education. 

iteen universities faced 
cash cuts. These ind tided 
Aston, Dor ham, HqU, Keefe, 

Newcastle, Cardiff and 

Sir Keith Joseph, said the 
allocation of money by the UGC 
would recognize for the first time 
the differential quality of in- 
dividual departments In individ- 
ual universities so as to 
encourage excellence. It was a 
landmark the Hoose would be 
wise to recognize. 

Mr Stephen Darrell (Loegh- 
fooroogh, O said it was fun- 
damental to the idea of 
universities that each of their 
departments should combine re- 
search and teaching functions. 
While it might be necessary to 
encourage strnctnzal he 

asked for an assurance tint each 
department would continue 
teaching and research. 

Sir Keith Joseph: That is gen- 
erally recognized to be tree, but 
is subject to some disagree m ent 
among academics. The deaskm 
is for tin UGC, universities and 
individual departments. 

Mr Alan BeUh (Berwick-upon- 
Tweed, L): It is an insult to the 
UGC and universities to say that 
never before have (bey sought 
selectively to promote ex- 
cellence. This statement relates 
to a time when he w01 not be 
Secretary of State and this 
Government will not be in 

Sir Keith Joseph: While miver- 
sities and departments have 
striven to improve excellence, 
this is the first time the UGC 
has sought to recognize dif- 
ferences of quality. 

Mr Martin O'Neill (Clackman- 
nan, Lab) said there was little 
confidence in the ability of the 
UGC to carry out tins kind of 
exercise in pursuit of excellence. 
Sir Keith Joseph:! am not at all 
surprised at his expression of 
doubt about the co m petence of 
anybody to make these judge- 
ments but the UGC has about 
100 academics on its sub- 
committees. They have contrib- 
uted their judgement, and so 
have the research councils and 
the Royal Society and a Dumber 
of eminent people. 

Mr Harry Green way (Ealing 
North. O asked if the statement 
meant no university was des- 
tined for closure. 

Sir Keith said Press stories 
about possible closures were not 
remotely justified by the picture 
he had just presented. 

Mr Andrew Bennett, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman oa education, 
said Sir Keith should bare put 
the UGC letter before the House 
so that MPb canid see the extent 
of the cuts In resources and 
student numbers. 

Why did the Gov e rn me nt 
believe higher education should 
be ad? The statement was,, in 
effect blackmail of universities: 
if they went along with these 
cats, they ought get a few extra 


Pay settlements in the United 
Kingdom (tad to be kept down if 
the nation was to maintain the 
excellent improvement in its 
productivity — which was now 
second only to that of Japan — 
Mr Kenneth Clarke, the Pay- 
master General and chief Gov- 
ernment spokesman in the 
Commons on employment, said 
during questions in the 

The great reduction in indus- 
trial disputes was undoubtedly 
helping (he added). 

Earlier, there were Opposition 
protests when he reiterated that 
the latest unemployment figures 
showed 3,325,058 claimants, 
which amounted to an un- 
employment rate of 13.4 per 

Mr Guy Barnett (Greenwich, 
Lab) said the figures had already 
been added to by the thousand 
or so redundancies at British 
Caledonian, which were only 
the tip of an iceberg. 

The whole of the tourist 
industry was likely to be seri- 
ously affected. What was going 
to be done to protect tourist 
industry workers from the con- 
sequences of Government ac- 
tions and policies? 

Mr Clarke said the British 
Tourist Authority estimated 
that tourism was generating 
some 50,000 jobs a year. 

Mr Barnett: Not this year, not 
this year. 

Mr Clarke said everyone was 
concerned about the quite un- 
merited response in the United 
Slates about coming to Europe 
because of certain incidents 
here. The Government had gone 
to considerable lengths to point 
out that they would be safer here 
than in most American cities. 

Mr Martin Flannery (Sheffield, 
Hillsborough, Lab) said the 
horrifying unemployment fig- 
ures grew more horrifying daily, 
with the British Rail workshops 
redundancies coming dose on 
those in the British shipyards. 

The Government boasted 
that they had got inflation 
down. If they removed nearly 
four million people from the 
purchasing areas, of course 
inflation was bound to falL 

But the Government could 
not see a method of reducing 
unemployment without pouring 
money into the economy, 
which, he guessed, was what the 
Prime Minister was about to do. 
(Conservative protests) 

Mr Clarke said the Government 
was desperately disappointed 
about continuing rcdu nancies in 
the older industries. That was 
one reason it was necessary to 
create new jobs — and there had 
been nearly one million since 
the spring off 983. 

Mr James Hill (Southampton, 
Test. C) said a major factor was 
that the trade union movement 
had not realized what a scourge 
it would be, in terms of world 
competitiveness, if they did not 
get their act together in time to 

Clarke: Productivity second 
only to Japan 

compete with emerging nations 
in shipbuilding, television 
assembly and other things. 

Mr Clarke said there was a need 
to keep down pay settlements. 
He hoped some trade union 
leaders were recognizing that 
and improving job flexibility to 
keep up the excellent record of 
improvement in productivity 
which was beaten now only by 

The great reduction in indus- 
I trial disputes was also un- 
doubtedly helping. 

Later, Mr Clarke added that 
the enteiprise allowance scheme 
was giving useful support to 
many otherwise unemployed 
people all aver the country logo 
into business on their own. 

Mr Donald Stewart leader of 
the SNP. wondered if the Gov- 
ernment would maintain its 

excellent record of finding ways 9 
to massage the figures. .* 

Mr Clarke said some of the six -- 
changes in the figures had put 1“ 
the total up as well as down. 

The alterations had been at-^ 
tempts to make them morel', 
accurately reflect the situation. 

Mr Nigel Forman (Carshaftou'^ 
and Wallington. C) referred to 
the warning of the chairman of - , 
the Manpower Services 
Commission that over the next 
five years between a half and 
three-quarters of the labour 
force would require some train- 
ing or retraining. 

Mr Clarice told him chat any- 
thing the Government could do .* 
to improve adult training and - 
retraining would be invaluable. 

Mr John Evans, an Opposition " 
spokesman on employment, de- 
scribed the unemployment fig- - 
ures as obscene. 

They did not include thou- - 
sands of redundancies in stop- ./ 
building, at British Caledonian • . 
and Kodak, nor the many 
thousands at British RaiL .V* 
There were 1,400.000 people 
who bad been unemployed for 
more than a year. * 

Would Mr Clarice denounce ~ 
the story in last week's Daily * 
Telegraph that a survey of pilot 
schemes bad been backed up by .. 
the employment department's - 
own fraud squad, so that the ■ 
survey had been aimed at T 
getting people off the unemploy- 
ment register, rather than assist- ' 
ing them? 

Mr Clarke said that each month 
half a million people became ; 
unemployed and a little under <• 
half a million found jobs. 

What was worrying was the - “ 
long-term unemployed, who 
seemed to be more than one ‘ ' 

His department's survey ini- - - 
native had meant interviewing - 
the long-term unemployed in 
the pilot areas individually a 
offering help. 

It had then been found that 
some of the long-term un- ‘ 
employed ceased to claim - 
benefit. : 

Royal Assent 

The following Acts received the ‘ 
Royal Assent: Animals (Scien- 
tific Procedures). Marriage ■ . 
(Prohibited Degrees of - 
Relationship), Industrial • 
Training. ’ 

Modern rail rolling stock 
needs less maintenance 



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Rather than being « landmark 
announcement, this was a 
landmine under higher 

Sir Keith: Categorically, no. 
This is not an attack oa univer- 
sities, hot a stimulus to 

protest at 
new rule 


A Government decision to cut 
by half the mortgage interest 
payments for the unemployed 
for the first six months of 
supplementary benefit would 
sentence thousands of people to 
eviction and homelessness as a 
penalty for being unemployed. 
Mr Michael Meacher, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
health and social security, said 
when moving an Opposition 
amendment on the resumed 
report stage of the Social Se- 
curity Bill. 

'niis would be the last straw 
which finally ditched thousands 
who had exercised their right to 
buy. he said. The Conservative 
Party made great play of 
people's right to buy their own 
homes. Apparently that applied 
to everyone but the jobless and 
the poor. The Prime Minister 
was willing to accept mortgage 
relief on her new home in 
Dulwich while denying much 
smaller sums to poorer people. 

His amendment suggested 
that benefit payable to owner- 
occupiers should be in the form 
of an allowance covering pre- 
scribed housing costs including 
mortgage interest and rates. 

It was rejected by 321 votes to 
193 — Government majority, 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar.C) said there 
seemed to be an underlying 
assumption m what the Govern- 
ment proposed that jobs were 
lost voluntarily. Thai certainly 
was not the case in those parts of 
the country where jobs were not 
only difficult to get but impos- 
sible. There was a certain ele- 
ment of insensitivity. 

Mr Antony Newton, Minister 
for Social Security, said the 
proposals would be pm to the 
Social Security Advisory 
Committee for full consultation 
in the normal way. 

There was the wider issue of 
whether it was right to expect 
the taxpayer, even for short 
periods ofdifflculty which led to 
someone being on supple- 
mentary benefit, should im- 
mediately pick up the whole of 
the bill. 

Building societies would seek 
to help those who found them- 
selves in short term difficulty for 
a variety of reasons, by no 
means only affecting supple- 
mentary benefit recipients. 

ft was estimated that in any 
given period something like 
90.000 people might be affected 
against a total of some six 
million borrowers from the 
building societies. 

This is a reasonable, balanced 
and fair way (he said) of seeking 
to strike a balance between 
taxpayer, borrower and lender. 

British Rail estimated that it 
would need between 4.200 and 
5.000 fewer people working in 
its engineering subsidiary — BR 
Engineering Ltd — over the next 
three years. That was on top of 
the 1,750 job losses that the 
unions had already been told 
about, Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
Secretary of State for Transport, 
said in a Commons statement. 

Modern designs of rolling 
stock (he said) require less 
maintenance and repair. 

Overall there were large 
reductions in the maintenance 
workload. Capacity reductions 
had been occurring fora number 
of years. 

He gave details of British 
Rail’s proposals for its mainte- 
nance group of works at 
Eastleigh, Doncaster, 
Wolverton and Glasgow 
Springbum. and said that the 
BR board intended to appoint a 
senior director to coordinate 
measures to help people affected 
by the changes. 

The director would work with 
BREL in redoubling their efforts 
to find alternative employment 
for the people displaced and to 
develop retraining programmes. 

British Rail wifi be recruiting 
some 20.000 people over the 
next three years (Mr Ridley 
went on) to jobs in ai! depart- 
ments of the railway. 

BR will also be approaching 
the local authorities, with a view 
to setting up, or supporting, in 
each area a suitable develop- 
ment agency on the lines that 
BREL has done with consid- 
erable success at Sbildon. 
Horwich and Swindon. 

They will provide financial 
and other support through these 
agencies and for job creation 

Mr Robert Hughes, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport, 
said the announcement was yet 
another savage cut in BREL 
manning levels and a further 
betrayal of the workforce who 
bad been told time and time 
again that this or that set of cuts 
would be the last and would 
provide job security and 

This means that cuts over the 
next three years will be between 
6.000 and 7.000 (he said) and 
that the total cuts package at 
BREL since 1979 is now more 
than 19.000. 

Despite what Mr Ridley said 
about less maintenance being 
needed, cancellations and prob- 
lems were still occurring and 
better rail services did not 

Southern Region mainte- 
nance was down 33 per cent 
even though the vast majority of 
stock was more than 25 years 

It would have been better to 
invest more in new passenger 
and freight rolling slock and to 
ensure that BR built in-house. 
Maintenance engineers could go 
to new-build operations. British 
Rail was losing freight because 
of lack of availability of locos. 

BREL should be the inter- 
national showcase of British 

Would the senior British Rail 
director be competing with the 
man from British Shipbuldeis in 
looking for employment? 

There is no point (he said) in 
the Prime Minister talking 
about slaying the dragon of 
unemployment when Mr Rid- 
ley. with shortsighted policies, is 
feeding the dragon. (Labour 

Mr Ridley said Mr Hughes had 
almost accepted that modem 
rolling stock required far less 
repair and maintenance than 
ever before. 

Let him ask the Chairman of 
British Rail if that was true if be 
could not accept it from a 
Government minister. 

Since Southern Region’s 
maintenance was down by 33 
per cent, did Mr Hughes expect 
British Rail to keep workshops 
the same? 

Mr Hughes should not belittle 
British Rail's achievements in 
finding new work for displaced 
people. It was making heavy 

He ought to know that at 
Shildon. which closed in 1984. 
710 new jobs had been found, 
with s potential to rise to 1,900 
over the next two to three years. 
Mr Stephen Ross lisle of Wight 
Lf. This is yet another sad day 
for a loyal work force. 

Mr Ridley: This is a very sad 
day for a lot of people who have 
been loyal, bard working and 
highly skilled operatives. The 
fact that the change in industrial 
technology has made this nec- 
essary is a matter of great 
sadness to all of us. 

Mr Michael Marlin (Glasgow, 
Springbum. Labe He is mislead- 
ing the House. When he talks 
about a work force of 150 at 
Springbum he is talking about’ 
total closure. He is instructing 
BR to create a tidy little package 
for privatization to sell to his 
pals who gave him aid at the 
general election. It is legalized 
gra fi- 
ll is time the minister faced 
up. to his responsibility and 
learnt a bit about engineering. A 
maintenance workshop of the 
nature of Springbum could eas- 
ily convert to new build. He is 
not prepared to help Springbum 
and once again we have been 
punished because we did not 
support the Tory Party. 

Mr Ridley: I have every sym- 
pathy for his constituents. 

In no sense has it been 
packaged in readiness for 

privatization but hived into 
British Rail instead. 

As one of the few qualified ‘ 
engineers in the House, I fully • 
understand that any works can - 
be altered to almost any type of. . ’ 
manufacturing business, but it 
must be for BR to decide where 
to put their orders, how to' “ 
organize their own business. 

Mr Conal Gregory (York, Q: 
There has been no shortage of - - 
investment for BR. The Labour - ’ 
Party are shedding crocodile . 
tears. ■ 

Under this new scheme an- 
nounced today there will be . 

potential not only - 

there- - 

or the export market but with a 
vatized bus company t! 
will be opportunities for bus and 
coach maintenance on the en- 
gineering side of BR. What 
effect will this announcement 
have upon York, where there is 
a marvellous work force? 

Mr Ridley: He is one of the ” 
lucky ones. There is to be a 
marginal increase in employ- 
meat at York. We are talking - 
about new build to a large” - 
extenL but when we concentrate, „ 
on the much more difficult ■ - 
question of repair and mainte- 
nance it is totally wrong for anyT ' 
MP to believe that when the 
work load for the repair work- “ 
shops has fallen as it has due to 
the much greater investment, in • 
some way BR should keep those ! 
people in place with no work for *. 

During further exchanges, Mr • " 
Ridley said BR had allocated a _ 
first tranche of £3 million to the - • - 
new enterprise agency and he . . 
had no doubt more would be - - 
forthcoming if it was required. “ 

Responding to Mr William ' 
Benyon (Milton Keynes. C). he — 
said BR would take all possible 
steps to provide retraining facil- . 7- 
ities and to seek extra jobs 
through the new agency it was" 'J 
proposing to set up. 

Mr Gavin Strang (Edinburgh 
East Lab) wanted public sub- -- 
sidy used to maintain jobs, but-* - 
Mr Ridley said he was asking 
(he Government to pay people 
for whom there was no work, - 
and never could be any work. „ . 

and to tax prosperous enter 

prises to make them shed jobs so - * 
that others could be kept with . 
no work in BREL workshops. 

That policy would only lead to ‘ 7 
more unemployment. 

Mr Ian Wrigglesworth (Stock- *7 * 
ton South, SDP) asked how '* 

many of the 20.000 job opportu 
nities BR promised for the 

future would go to those now 
being made redundant. 

Mr Ridley: BR believes over the 
next three years it will have to 
recruit 20.000 more people fora 
varied number of activities. I 
am sure they will give pre fe rence 
to their own employees from 

Cults accused of child sex abuse 


Allegations that some religions 
cnlts were involved In child sex 
abuse and used the YTS to 
seek recruits were made during 
exchanges in the House of 
Lords when Lord Rodney (C) 
asked what steps the 
Government was taking to 
combat the Increase in the 
influence of cults which 
undermined family life. 

Lord Gfenarthnr,' Under 
Secretary of State. Home 
Office, replied: Unhappiness 
and distress i$ often caused to 
individuals and families as a 
result of involvement with 
certain cnlts, particularly where 

young people are concerned. 

Bnt when cnlts act within the 
taw there is tittle scope for 

direct Govenuneat action. The 
Home Office and the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security will continue to 
keep a watch on colt activities 
and consider any fresh evidence 
that becomes available. 

Lord Rod n ey: These cnlts cake 
care to stay within the law, bat 
there are instances reported 
where some of these cahs 
indulge in child sex abase and 
some of them use the YTS 
scheme for recruitment. 

Many who have charitable 
status go well outside the 
realm of the o riginal terms of 
that status. 

Lord denanfam: The Hook 
S ecretary takes a sent) os view 
of these cults and will take note 
of what has been said. The 
Government is aware of public 
concent about the activities of 
some of these bodies* If anyone 

discovers anything or feels ■ ■ 
there is anything suitable to be - 
reported to the police, »• 
mwld be a sensible way to take 
it forward. 

Uwd Denning, former Master 
of the Rolls: I - have massive 
evidence from letters of distress - 
caused to parents fay these 7 
ralts. It b urgent that the 
Government does something, " 
Would it not be possible to 
require them all to be 
registered like any pro f essio n al 
or trade association and then ff " 
it were shown they were . . 
involved in practices which are 
harmfnl to famil y fife, they ' , 
coaid be struck off? 

Lord Gfenarthnr: Certain of the 
new religjoss are reg i stered as _ 
charities but, on general', 
registration, I note the point be. . 
makes and wfl] look into |L 



The Allianceis on the brink 
of 9 serious division over 
defence policy. There has 
always been a basic nodertying 
difference of attitude in this 
field between Liberals and 
Social Democrats. But the 
split that is now de veinping jg 
less simple and potentially 
even more damaging. 

Dr David Owen was admira- 
bly forthright in his speech to 
the SDP Council at Southport 
on Sunday. “I must tell yon 
bluntly”, be declared, “that I 
believe we should remain a 
nuclear weapon state”. 

4 This would mean that “we 
'Twill find a replacement for 
Polaris, unless there has been 
such a massive reduction of 
unclear warheads on the part 
of the Soviet Union and the 
United States that we would 
feel It right in negotiations to 
give np our unclear weapons”. 

This statement has three 
merits. It is dear; it accords 
with SDP party policy, as 
approved at the Torquay con- 
ference last September; and it 
is consistent with what public 
opinion, as revealed in numer- 
ous opinion polls over the 
years, believes to be in the 
national interest. 

Importance of 
united front 


But the issue seems Bkdy to 
be fudged in the report that is 
expected stonily from the Joint 
commission of liberals and 
Social Democrats on defence. 
There may well be a fonn of 
words that would be open to 
. differing interpretations as to 
whether Britain should still 
bare an independent nuclear 
deterrent after the lifetime of 

This would be smart politics 
if all that mattered were to get 
agreement within the Alliance. 
r . I do not scorn this conmder- 
' Nation. Because it embraces two 
parties it is all the more 
necessary for the Alliance to 
present a united front to a 
sceptical electorate; and those 
who scorn the art of compro- 
mise are all too often scorning 
the art of politics itsdft 

But to pursue a compromise 
agreement oa a point of princi- 
ple by calculated ambiguity to 
to invite a number of dangers. 
Some will say that the com- 
mission "report wSU not he 
amUgaous at all. Yet that does 
not seem to me an unfair 
desorption of a form of words 
that is almost certain to be 
interpreted in different ways 
by different people and fails to 
tell us whether an Alliance 
£ government would or would 
not be committed to preserving 
an independent deterrent after 

Eh- Owen could not associate 

himself with such a Lodging 
process without standing on 
his head. Yet bewfll be asked 

to do so by members of hto own 

party. He to unlikely to oblige. 
He could not do so without 
undermining his own credibil- 
ity- • 

If he continues to speak m 
the firm tones of Sooth pert, 
however, there will probably 
not simply be the familiar, 
arguments on defence between 
Social Democrats and Liber- 
als, but controversy within the 
SDP as well. 

Some Social Democrats be- 
jfteve that he might find him- 
seif in ajminority in his own 
party. Yet to nnderent Ms 
authority on a vital nation a l 
issue would be much more 
harmful to h«, and the 
Alliance’s, standing in the 
coun&y than doing so on a 

question of tactics or pride. 

Danger of being 

What too many people in 
both parties in the Alliance are 
failing to appreciate to that 
there are some issues of 
principle on which it to not 
ible to find a middle 
and on which a 
. cannot be post- 

poned without a confession of 


To say that an incoming 
government would have to 
dedde on the best replacement 
for Polaris according to the 
circumstances when if 
office, and on the basis of 
information that would only 
then be available to it, wornd 
seem to me reasonable. But 
whether Britain should have 
an independent detencBt at aB 
is a dedsiofl of a different 
Order. __ . 

The Conservatives win be 
,wSMe to say that after careful 
- consideration they have con- 
cluded that there should be a 
successor to Polaris. Labour 
will be able to say that after 
careful consideration it has 
concluded that there should 
;.,i ' net be. The Alliance is to 
, danger of having to sa 3; that 
i Vcjvifker careful eaasideranoB « 
' ' *■ -has reached no conctesSon. 

If on sneh an fasm* it can 
only fine ito with the don't 
knows it will hardly he well 
equipped to impress ihewfe 1 * 

m the next general etecow* as 

a partnership of principle. 

_S\ : 




v* * 



Police fear public will 
demand to carry own 
weapons for protection 

By Stewart Terafler, Crime Reporter 

The public will demand the 
legal right to cany defensive 
weajjons if police manpower is 
not increased or the tide of 
violent crime aimed, a senior 
official of the Police Federa- 
tion said yesterday at .the 
organization’s annual confer- 
ence in Scarborou gh 

The prediction camp, amid 
figures showing the need for a 
radical increase in police es- 
tablishments, . protests, at a 
dramatic slump in police mo- 
rale and demands for a royal 
commission into the police 
which could become official 
federation policy by 

The sergeants' section of the 
federation, which rup n^ti 
120,000 officers up to the rank 
of chief inspector, unanimous* 
(y called yesterday for such an 

The wanting that the public 
might abandon their faith in 
the police and demand to' 
protect themselves came dur- 
ing a special presentation on 
manpower problems made to 
the constables’ section of the 
federation, the hugest single 
component of the organ- 

Mr Steven Barrett, chair- 
man of the constables section 
said a chronic shortage of 
manpower existed and “the 
blue line is thinner and 

“The fear of crime has 
become so prevalent that it is 
reducing the quality of fife 
within the society,” he 
said. There were “horrendous 
implications for the future” if 
no action was taken. 

The 1951 Prevention of 
Crimes Act which forbids 
carrying a weapon or anything 
construed as a weapon 
amounted to a contract be- 
tween Parliament and the 
people to protect them from 
crime Mr Barrett, of the 
Metropolitan police, said. 

“Should crime, particularly 
. violent crime, continue to 
escalate there will come soon- 
er or later a demand for the 
repeal of the Act and the right 
to carry weapons of defence,” 
he said. 

Mr Barrett spoke at the end 
of a debate which included 
figures showing that although 
police manpower has doubled 
since I960 the crime load has 
quadrupled. In January this 
year only 2 out of 43 forces in 
England and Wales were up to 
full strength. 

During the debate blame . 
was placed on Home Office 
attempts to get greater effi- 
ciency in the pobce and rely 
more bedvily on civilian 

The. message from the 
constables' debate was echoed 
by the sergeants. Mr Anthony 

Crow, the chairman of the 
sergeants section, said the 
Home Office is now in a 
dilemma trying to balance 
past promises of reducing the 
cost of public services against 
the realization that the Crimi- 
nal Evidence Act will cost 

In thedebate in the call fora 
Royal Commission, delegates 
were told by Mr Geoffrey 
Smith, Metropolitan Police, 
that police morale and confi- 
dence was at rode bottom. 
Faced with the various politi- 
cal debates and changes on 
policing he said: “How can we 
have confidence in our ability 
to protect the people when 
assailed by such constant and 
vicious bickering about our 

He said there was a need for 
an independent audience to 
hear police fears. 

He raid the primary task of 
the police was impartial main- 
tenance of the rule of law. He 
asked: “But does that view 
still find favour in the eyes of 
many citizens who see every 
week large numbers of police 
gather near their homes 
dressed in special clothing 
with riot helmets and shields 
to impartially protect a prun- 
ing plan L" 

He said: “I suggest they see 
us making political decisions 
and that cannot be right.” 

Havers move in Sikhs’ trial 

Sir Michael Havers, QC, the 
Attorney General, has inter- 
vened in the case in which an 
undercover policeman said 
that his life could be in danger 
if he was identified in proceed- 
ings against four Sikhs ac- 
cused of plotting to kill the- 
Indian Prime Minister. 

Mr Peter Crane, for the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions, applying yesterday for a 
further adjournment of the 
commital proceedings until 
tomorrow, told magistrates at 
Leicester that the Attorney 
General was considering what 
course to take, but it was likely 
an application would be made 
to the Divisional Court for a 
judicial review of the decision. 

He said: “The prosecution 
is extremely concerned about 
the safety of the officer. Our 
submission to that his life may 
be in danger. We are dealing 

By Craig Seton 

with extremely grave 

The policeman, known only 
as “Detective Constable B , 
told the court on Monday that 
he would not give evidence if 
he was named in court He has 
been accused by a defence 
lawyer of acting with another 
undercover policeman as an 
‘‘agent provocateur and 
en trapper” to implicate the 
four Leicester Sikhs in a plot 
that would otherwise not nave 

The Sikhs are accused of 
conspiring to murder Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi during his visit 
to Britain last October in an 
alleged £60,000 plot using two 
“IRA gunmen", who were, in 
fact undercover policemen. 

“Detective Constable B” 
has agreed in court that hetold 
the Sikhs that he was the IRA 
man responsible for killing Mr 

Airey Neave, who was then 
Conservative spokesman on 
Northern Ireland, whose car 
was Mown up at die House of 
Commons in 1979. 

Mr William Probert, the 
stipendiary magistrate, ruled 
that the policeman could give 
evidence as “Detective Con- 
stable B”, provided his name 
and force were made known to 
defence lawyers 

In mail Singh Rannana, 

aged 45, a company director, 
Savinder Singh Gill, aged 30, a 
dyer, and Parma tina Singh 
Marwaha, aged 43, a factory 
owner, are charged with con- 
spiracy and soliciting two 
undercover policemen. Detec- 
tive Constable B and “Ian S”, 
to murder Mr Gandhi. 

A fourth defendant,. 
Harminder Singh: Rai. aged 
30, a director, is also charged 
with conspiracy to -murder. 

Lady Caithness (top) being plucked from the sea by a naval 
win ch man and (above) with her husband after they took part 
in a drill to test a high-speed rescue service 

Minister and wife test 
helicopter rescue drill 

During the exercise he and 
Lady Caithness, aged 32, 
spent five minutes in waves 
100 yards from the National 
Coastguard Training Centreat 
Christchurch, Dorset 

Lord Caithness, Minister 
for Shipping, and hto wife, 
Diana, were winched from the 
sea by helicopter yesterday 
during a drill to launch a 
computerized rescue system. 

The peer, aged 37, wanted to 
see for himself how the coast- 
guard service and the Royal 
Navy coped using the high- 
speed search and rescue plan- 
ning system. *■ 

The couple were winched to 
safety by a Wessex helicopter 
scrambled from'HMS Daeda- 
lus at Lee-on-th e-Solent, 

Paying for crime: 3 

Law gives greater 
weight to the 
case for the victim 

Greater emphasis is being put 
on victims’ rights in the penal 
svstem. Peter Evans. Home 
Affairs Correspondent, in the 
third of three art icles, charts 
the benefits and dangers. 

The growth in reparation in 
England and Wales is part of a 
big change in the basis of penal 

It modifies the notion, de- 
veloped by Henry H. that an 
offence by one person against 
another is not simply a matter 
between them but a breach of 
the King's peace and a threat 
to the security and wellbeing 
of the whole of society. 

Since the twelfth century, 
the Crown has taken more and 
more responsibility for deal- 
ing with offenders on behalf of 
the victim and punishing 

The reparation done by an 
offender to his or her victim 
makes inroads into that con- 
cept, although the courts, po- 
lice and probation service still 
act as referee and an as 
safeguards for the Queen's 

Reparation still has to satis- 
fy the criteria of authority, not 
just the offender and victim. 

Nevertheless, the relation- 
ship between the two is being 
put on a different footing. The 
victim is becoming increasing- 
ly important 

Another sign of the forces at 
work in the penal system is the 
latest Criminal Justice Act, 
which contains the principle 
that in a wide range of cases 
the court's duty is to the 
victim rather than to the Slate. 

The Act breaks with pre- 
cedent in allowing courts to 
make a compensation order 
instead of dealing with an 
offender in any other way. 
Previously the order could be 
made only in addition to 
another form of punishment 

The Act also rays that a 
court should give precedence 
to the compensation order in a 
case in which it would be 
appropriate to impose a fine as 
well, but in which the offender 
has not enough money to pay 

There remain gaps. Al- 
though the Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board was cre- 
ated to provide money -for 
victims of violence, it does not 
do so for property stolen or 

The weakness in the system 
of compensation ordered by 
courts is that it happens only 
when offenders are convicted. 
There is a lack of compensa- 
tion for victims who are poor 
and suffer loss of goods or 
money when the offender is 
not convicted. 

One suggestion is that the 
Criminal Injuries Compensa- 
tion Board should take on the 
job of compensating people 
who have suffered financial 
loss, though the argument 
against it is the enormous cost. 

But victims do get aid of a 
different kind from the fast- 
growing National Association 
of Victims Support Schemes. 
There are now 293 schemes 
compared with 194 in May 

Between April 1984 and 
March 1985 a total of 125,691 
victims were referred to 
schemes for advice or help in 
dealing with practical needs, 
such as replacing windows 
broken by burglars or assis- 
tance in filling in forms to 
claim compensation. 

The question is how much 
of a place the victim should 
have in the penal process. 

The criminal justice system 
appears to give little help or 
consideration to victims of 
crime, according to a survey of 
courts and police conducted 
for a Central Television docu- 
mentary Viewpoint 86: Vic- 
tims to be shown on Tuesday. 

Some states in America 
require that victims be inr 
formed of any contemplated 
plea agreement according to 
Professor LeRoy Lam born, of 
Wayne State University, in 
the Canadian Community 
Law Journal. 

The victims can then tell the 
prosecutor of their views and 
be present when the judge 
considers the prosecutor's rec- 
ommendation. Some courts 
voluntarily consider the rec- 
ommendations of advisory 
sentencing panels, which at 
limes include the victims of 
the crimes. 

California even gives vic- 
tims or their next-of-kin the 
right to notice of and atten- 
dance at the sentencing of the 
offender to express their 
views, personally or by coun- 
sel. concerning foe crime, foe 
offender and the need for 


Times position on 
Titanic upheld 

The Press Council has res 
jected complaints that The 
Times refused to print letters 
defending a dead liner 
captain’s reputation after 
printing article about the 
Titanic which criticized him. 

The council rays today that 
newspapers are free to publish 
comment or expert views on 
historical events without nec- 
essarily opening their columns ' 
to general debate. 

A report from Christopher 
Thomas in Washington said 
foe discovery of foe' Titanic 
seemed to have revealed a 
cover-up or an outright lie by 
foe captain of foe Californian, 
foe American liner that was 
sailing ahead of foe Titanic. 

The report from foe Califor- 
nian showed that she was 20 
miles away all night and 
therefore could not rescue any 
of the passengers. In fact she 
seemed to have been extreme- 
ly close, the story said. 

According to foe story, Dr 
Robert Ballard, leader of foe 
expedition which found the 
Titanic in 1 3,000 feet of water, 
used data from another liner, 
foe Carpathia, which had 
picked up survivors. 

Mr Leslie Harrison, of 
Gayton, WirraL former gener- 
al secretary of the Mercantile 
Marine Service Association, 
wrote to Dr Ballard to say his 
own book based on Captain 
Stanley Lord’s papers of foe 
Californian was to be pub- 
lished. He hoped Dr Ballard 
would either refute the argu- 
ments in it or withdraw his 

own. „ • 

Not satisfied with Dr 
Ballard's reply that folly 
documented results would be 
published later. Mr Harnson 
wrote to The Times sending 
material on which he hoped 
an article correcting foe record 
could be prepared. As an 
alternative he sent a letter for 

Jdr Leon Pilpei, letters edi- 
tor. replied regretting that foe 
letter could not be published 
but saying foe material would 
be kept for pos^le reference. 

Mr Pilpel said Dr Ballard s 
remarks about foe Californian 
were incidental to fais disclo- 
sures about foe location of foe 

wreck. The role of the Califor- 
nian remained in dispute and 
The Times did not regard it as 
a duty to publish a contradic- 
tion every time an improved 
inference by someone found a 
place in its columns. 

Mr Harrison asked whether 
foe newsworthiness of a sensa- 
tional attack on a dead man’s 
reputation overrode the moral 
obligation to publish foe less 
sensational truth. 

He complained to foe Press 
Council that a report about 
comments by foe leader of foe 
team that discovered the 
Titanic contained a factually 
inaccurate attack on foe late 
captain of another ship in- 
volved and foe editor declined 
to puMish letters in defence. 

Others also wrote letters to 
The Times on the subject 
which were not published and 
complained to the council. 

Mr Colin Webb, who was 
then deputy editor, told Mr 
Harrison that Dr Ballard’s 
rWrm was not an issue which 
called for a rebuttal in fairness 
from “the other side”. When a 
claim was made by a responsi- 
ble person in public it became 

Mr Webb was sure that 
when Mr Harrison's book was 
published it would be worthy 
of a news report in its own 
right But The Times would 
not automatically give letter 
space to someone who said he 
was wrong. 

The Press Council's adjudi- 
cation was: 

The Times might well have 
chosen to publish the 
complainants' comments on the 
grounds, that conflicting ac- 
counts and interpretations of 
the loss of the Titanic were still 
of continuing general interest, 
fan h was not. obliged to do so 
and the derision was one for the 

Although Captain Lord did 
not die until 1962 and Titanic's 
loss 50 years earlier was itself 
relatively recent, ft was an 
historical event. Newspapers are 
free to comment on historical 
issues and to publish the view of 
historians or experts on them 
without necessarily opening 
their columns to erhiasro of 
those views or to $meral debate. 

The complaint against The 
Times is therefore rejected. 

Privacy code breached 

The Press CounciTs declara- 
tion of principle on privacy 
was broken when a newspaper 
identified foe wife of a man. 
accused of indent assault on 
bovs. foe council rays today. 

hi a complaint against the 
Eastbourne Gazette, which 
upheld. Miss 

Murphy, of Eastbourne, East 
Sussex* toW the council that 
could not reran , ay 
similar case reported 1 m the 

newspaper m which, the 

defendant's spouse had been 

She raid the wife, in the case 
in question did not hold 
public office and there was no 
suggestion that she bad been 
involved in . foe alleged 

The’ editor, Mr Eric Redr 
fern, said the couple were well 
known members of foe com- 
munity and the newspaper 
was doing its duly in what ft 



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Ever since BMW invented the sports saloon our cars 
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mm For example, ‘Company Car’ showed thatthe total 
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Aftermath of the South African raids 

Rand falls as domestic 

and international 
reaction hits Pretoria 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

inttm^onaf ai J <i hall on the campus of cus 

r- ... . reaction to the Univmihr ilf ttu> Witwa. «u 

iP. Z 

Soutti Africa’s attacks • on 
neighbouring countries yester- 
day bit the value of the rand, 
winch fell 5 per cent against 
the US dollar before recover- 
ing with Reserve Rani- 

Exchange dealers said the 
nervous market reflected the 
fears of businessmen and in- 
vestors that recent positive 
political initiatives had been 
scuppered by the attacks, and 
that the chances of full-scale 
economic sanctions now being 
imposed on South Africa were 
much greater. 

„ There has been widespread 
condemnation here of the 
South African raids on alleged 
African National Congress 
(ANC) targets in Zimbabwe, 
Zambia and Botswana. The 
only wholehearted support 
has come from extreme right- 
wing white political parties. 

Some 4,000 students, half of 
them black and half white, 
gathered at lunchtime in a 

US may 
;■ recall 

l its envoy 

From Mohsin All 
; Washington 

The Reagan Administra- 
' lion, outraged by the South 
."i African raids, is considering 
7 recalling Mr Herman Nickel, 
. the US Ambassador in Pre- 
toria, for consultations, 

■, Administration officials 

• said further steps were under 
consideration, but they ruled 
out any major economic sanc- 
tions, which they said pun- 
ished the very people — the 

• black majority — the United 
, States was trying to help. 

In June the Administration 
recalled Mr Nickel for three 
months in prewest at a similar 
raid in Botswana and an 
attack on an oil installation in 
northern Angola. 

Mr Chester Crocker, Assis- 
tant Secretary of State for 
African Affairs, summoned 
Mr Andre Kihan. Minister at 
the South African Embassy, to 
^ lodge a fonnaf protest 

sports hall on 'the campus of cuses the Government of 
the University of die Witwa- making too many concessions 

lersrand to hear speeches con- to black demands. 

demoing the raids, and calling 
for the release of the jailed 

Tomorrow, Mr R. F.“Pik” 
Botha, the Foreign Minister, is 

ANC leader, Mr Nelson due 'to speak at a National 
Mandela. Party meeting in Pietersburg 

“We must tell the white where Mr Eugene Terre 
people here and the Govern- Blanche, the leader of the 

ment that the ANC is not in extremist Afrikaner 
Gaborone. Harare, or Lusaka. Weerstandsbewegjng (AWB), 

It is in your kitchens, your 
offices and your factories,” Mr 
Aubrey Mokoena, the chair- 
man of the Release Mandela 
Committee, declared. 

will also be holding a meeting. 

The two meetings have 
acquired the status of a gladia- 
torial contest, with the AWB 
promising to disrupt and com- 

Before the meeting 13 stu- pletely overshadow the For- 
dents were arrested " after ejgn Minister’s rally. 

clashes with the police. About 
800, mainly black students, 
spat at and then chased a 
group of uniformed police- 

• GENEVA: “Maybe we are 
much, much closer to a Mood- 
bath in South Africa than we 

men, including several senior have ever been before,” Dr 

officers, off the campus. 

The South African raids 
appeared to have achieved 
very little in military terms, 
and many observers here see 
them as having been intended 
mainly to impress domestic 
right-wing opinion which ac~ 

Aian Boesak, President of the 
World Alliance of Reformed 
Churches and a leading mem- 
ber of the United Democratic 
Front, said yesterday (Alan 
MacGregor writes). He be- 
lieved the raids “have pushed 
us to the very precipice**. 

Community leads 

By Onr Foreign Staff 

The European Community's 
executive Commission yester- 
day joined worldwide con- 
demnation of South African 
raids in Botswana, Zambia 
and Zimbabwe and hinted the 
Co mmunit y might consider 
economic sanctions on Pre- 

The raids, against alleged 
bases of the outlawed African 
National Congress fighting the 
Pretoria regime, were con- 
demned by two Commission- 
ers, Signor Lorenzo Natali and 
Mr wuly de Clercq. 

They said that South 
Africa’s actions would be ex- 
amined in the light of Com- 
munity moves last year aimed 
at persuading Pretoria to end 
apartheid, which fell short of 
demands for economic sanc- 
tions, mainly due to opposi- 
tion in London and Bonn. 

Mr Abdou Dioul the chair- 
man of the. Organizational 
African Unity said the raids 
were “state terrorism*’ and 

called on the United Nations 
to, enforce mandatory eco- 
nomic sanctions against Pre- 

Mr Diouf said that the 
attacks would show the “real 
face of the hated (South 
African) regime” to those who 
still fell apartheid, the policy 
of racial segregation, could be 
reformed. He said the raids 
were deliberate terrorist acts. 

The Soviet Union issued a 
fresh denunciation, suggesting 
that the attacks were inspired 
by recent US and Israeli 
military action in the Middle 

All sides of the federal 
parliam ent in Australia joined 
m unequivocal condemnation 
of the raids. 

China condemned South 
Africa and said the black 
peoples of South Africa were 
certain to win the final victory 
no matter what the white 
minority did. 

From Robert Fisk, Irbid, northern Jordan 

Footballers from the local team in Pachnca, Mexico, lying on the ground after police used tear gas to break up riots which 
followed the final matrh of the season. Tro uble began after Padmca missed promotion for the nurd successive year. 

EPG says Husain demands report on 
it will r i 0 t deaths at university 

not give up From Robert Fisk, Irbid, northern Jordan 

n_ Achfnrd The Jordanian security an- Many of the student body campus, they would not be 

thorities are drawing op a are Palestinians like Maha permitted to return for their 
Diplomatic carresponaem report for King Husain on why Kassetn, the young physics exams. They stayed in the 
Members of the Common- their own riot police stormed undergraduate from Kuwait university, and just before 
wealth Eminent Persons into one of the country’s who was one of the dead. midnight on Thursday night. 
Group tried yesterday to largest universities at lrind. King Husain has taken a the security police fired ma- 
breathe new life into the dying provoking a mass panic in personal interest in foe events chine-guns into the air outside 
embers of their South African which three students died and at Irbid, and has ordered the the gates, and then ran into the 
peace mission, saying that more than 60 others were university to reopen this Sat- campus, 
they would “persist until we Injured. urday for its end-of-term According to one student, 

know there is no hope.” Doctors and university examinations. the girts stood in a circle round 

But though Mr Malcolm teachers confirmed to The Exactly what happened a the men to protect them along 
Fraser and General Olusegun Times yesterdaythat two girls week ago is stiQ in dispute. a roa ^ leading from the nniver- 
Obasanjo, the co-chairmen, - one of them physically There had been a number of s jty ^nT^n and the police 
insisted that their mission was handicapped - and a male demonstrations — by perhaps began by batoning the women, 
not dead, they did acknowl- student died at Yarmouk Uni- no more than 800 students — ~ F1 . 

edge that South Africa’s raids versity in Irbid, apparently who were angry at the expnl- 8 . - 

had struck a serious Mow to crushed to death in the panic sion of five undergraduates. 
their efforts. when riot police with clubs On Thursday last week, two 

“I won’t say it is dead and entered the campus a week of IrbuTs leading figures — the 
buried yet,” remarked Gener- ago. mayor, Mr Abdul-Razak ^aha, Affinity m - 

al Obasanjo, a former Nigeri- At least 60 of the students Tbeishat, and a local deputy ^ . *“*./"*£ 

an head of state, soon after were taken by ambulances to sympathetic to the Muslim 
arriving in London in the the Princess Basma Hospital, Brotherhood, Dr Ahmed JJJJL 
wake of the curtailment of the many of them — according to Kofahi, were asked to negoti- 

seven-member group's visit to the director. Dr Abdul Hasez ate with student leaders. “* raUllary 

southern Africa. “The Moaami - bearing the marks But some male students n ^*"*j“* hna _ 

chances are not high, but the of beatings. feared that if they left the 

mission is not dead.” Jordan is not a country i r of 

Before leaving Cape Town whose universities are in tur- israi*_J^L Qjat ^^ mS,? Kssem^aud of 

on Monday the group met moil, nor has student violence SLJSnn whns* 

eight South African Cabinet ereTbeen a threat to King f 

ministers and presented the Husain. 3L Li ^riribk 

reactions of the African Na- There has been trouble at f Israel f \ Syria jTJey 

tional Congress (ANC) to their Irbid before - over vacation ^ “ 

peace plan. tuition fees and, briefly, in vjZwffinX \ ^ J" , 

“The ball is now in the opposition to America's air “ Of the 60 students brought 

South Africans’ court,” said raids on Libya — but on rMeANK^K Jordan 10 *? ospi£ ? 1, 

Lord Barber, a former Chan- 'Wednesday night last week, fractures in their hands, others 

cellor and Britain’s nominee the security police appear to _. had bruises doe to being 

in. the group. “Our rede is not have grossly over-reacted to a o Amu mu beaten or falling down, 

over unless the South African comparatively peaceful stu- . l omfle s The police say that their 

Government so decides.” . dent protest. i£5 own suffered 17 injured. 

Tim Jordanian security au- 
thorities are drawing op a 
report for King Husain on why 
their own riot police stormed 
into one of the country’s 
largest universities at lrind, 
provoking a mass panic in 
which three students died and 
more fo«n 60 others were 

Doctors and university 
teachers confirmed to The 
Times yesterdaythat two girls 
— one of them physically 
handicapped — and a male 
student died at Yarmouk Uni- 
versity in Irbid, apparently 
crushed to death in the panic 
when riot police with clubs 
entered the campus a week 

At least 60 of the students 
were taken by ambulances to 
the Princess Basma Hospital, 
many of them — according to 
the director. Dr Abdul Hasez 
Moaami — bearing the marks 
of beatings. 

Jordan is not a country 
whose universities are in tur- 
moil, nor has student violence 
ever been a threat to King 

There has been trouble at 
Irbid before — over vacation 
tuition fees and, briefly, in 
opposition to America’s air 
raids on Libya — but on 
'Wednesday night last week, 
the security police appear lo 
have grossly over-reacted to a 
comparatively peaceful stu- 
dent protest 

Many of the student body 
are Palestinians like Maha 
Kassetn, the young physics 
undergraduate from Kuwait 
who was one of the dead 
King Husain has taken a 
personal interest in foe events 
at Irbid and has ordered the 
university to reopen this Sat- 
urday for its end-of-term 

Exactly what happened a 
week ago is stiQ in dispute. 
There had been a number of 
demonstrations — by perhaps 
no more fo«n 800 students — 
who were angry at the expul- 
sion of five undergraduates. 

On Thursday last week, two 
of IrbuTs leading figmes — the 
mayor, Mr Abdul-Razak 
Tbeishat, and a local deputy 
sympathetic to the Muslim 
Brotherhood, Dr Ahmed 
Kofahi, were asked to negoti- 
ate with student leaders. 

But some male students 
feared that if they left the 

F Israel __ 


'//?/ Ones 19741 


O Amman 

l Omae s 

campus, they would not be 
permitted to return for their 
exams. They stayed in the 
university, and just before 
midnight on Thursday night, 
the security police fired ma- 
chine-guns into the air outside 
the gates, and then ran into the 

According to one student, 
the gjrls stood in a circle round 
the men to protect them along 
a road leading from the univer- 
sity canteen, and the police 
began by batoning the women. 

According to Dr Elias 
Beidoun, assistant to the uni- 
versity principal, one of his 
biolog? students, Marawa 
Tafaa, “had difficulty in walk- 
ing fast because she was 
handicapped, a hunchback 
and very small”. Two hours 
later, Marawa’s body was 
taken to the Eidoun military 

At die Princess Basma hos- 
pital, Dr Monami says he 
received two corpses, that of 
Maha Kassem and of 
Mofaamed Hamdan, whose 
home was in Jerusalem. 
“They really had no visible 
marks on them,” he said 

“ Of the 60 students brought 
to our hospital, three had 
fractures in their hands, others 
had bruises due to being 
beaten or falling down.” 

The police say that their 
own men suffered 17 injured. 

Close call 
for Dutch 
say polls 

Amsterdam — Final opin- 
ion polls for today’s Dutch 
parliamentary elections show 
that the ruling centre-right 
coalition of Christian Demo- 
crats and conservative Liber- 
als led by Mr Ruud Lubbers 
might lose its majority in the 
1 50-seat lower house, winning 
not more than 73 seats (Rob- 
ert Schuil writes). 

The coalition may just win 
three residual seats - divided 
among ihe-Jargesi parties from 
votes for small parties who 
win no seats — to take a one- 
seat majority. But Labour is 
expected to be tbe moral 
victor, with the polls predict- 
ing a seven seat gain to 54 

Gulf wrangle 

Bahrain (Reuter) — Saudi 
Arabia, mediating in a territo- 
rial wrangle between Bahrain 
and Qatar, says both countries 
have agreed to resolve the 
dispute on the basis of propos- 
als presented by King Fahd. 

The dispute flared last 
month when Qatar sent troops 
to occupy a reef midway 
between the two Gulf emirates 
and seized 30 foreign workers, 
including two Britons. 

Soviet envoy 

Moscow — Mr Yuri 
Dubinin, a former ambassa- 
dor to Spain, has been named 
the Soviet Union’s new am- 
bassador to the United States. 

Flying blind 

Youngstown, Ohio, (AFP) 
— A blind passenger seated 
near the emergency exit of a 
light aircraft claimed she was 
being discriminated against 
when asked to change places. 
After hours of argument the 
flight was cancelled, i 

Six held 

Manila (Reuter) - Police 
arrested six people for ques- 
tioning about the murder of 
the head of a union that 
recently staged a 10-day strike 
at a US base in the northern 

Liberal leader 

Rome (Reuter) — The Ital- 
ian Industry Minister, Signor 
Renalo Altissimo, aged 46. 
has been elected leader of the 
Italian Liberal Party, one of 
five in the governing coalition. 

5 fS* 


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On January 8th 1986, in the offices of 
thur l>ung, Apple UK announced the launch 
‘Apple Accounting^ UK-developed 
jckage was commissioned by Apple as ]ust 
trt of its commitment to the busm^world. 

..Apple Accounting is a hard disk-based 
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The results of these enquiries can be 
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If your company orders a system before 
June 30th 1986 — comprising the Macintosh 
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worth £395, will be flee of charge. 

Furthermore, Arthur Young have just 
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D Please send me a copy of the Arthur Young evaluation. 



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Colombo army 

forced to halt 

drive against 

Tamil rebels 

From Vijitha Yaps, Colombo 

Sri Lankan armed forces 
£ yesterday halted their advance 
along the trunk roads in the 
f Northern • Province after four 

• days of fighting Tamil guerrii- 

- las. a decision called a" tempo-'. 

• «ny setback by a military 
"spokesman. . 

' - ' . Major Ba&suriya told jour-. . 
nalists in Colombo "that" the 
troops had. achieved limited 
objectives in', the three-; 
-pronged" ’advance along the 
main roads to Jaffna. 

He said “air cover" had 
-been used on Monday to 

• attack ^terrorists" firing at the 
main army camp at the Jaffna 

- fort but denied that dozens of 

civilians had died- and that 
hundreds had been injured in 
the bombing and strafing. Six 
guerrillas bad been killed.. 

.Troops who went, from 
' Elephant Pass —.the causeway 
linking the. Jaffna Peninsula to 
-the: mainland — to Palsi en 
route to. Jaffna 30 mDes away 
returned to .the Elephant Pass 
camp, he said. The rebels were 
based in about 40 camps, and 
- roads could not be cleared 
because of “terrorist**, activi- 
ties and because the Army did 
not want too many civilian 

ft was the first time since 
June 18 last year, when a brief 
ceasefire began, that the Army 
had tried to use the roads for a 
troop turnaround. For rite past 
year, aircraft had been used. 

Major Balasuriya said the 
perimeter of Palaly airport in 
Jaffna had been cleared to 
prevent rebel light-mortar at- 
tacks.. Troops had .set . up 
temporary bases en row to 
Kayts aud Yelvetuthmai in 
the Jaffna district .that could 
be used as springboards for 
further operations. ; _ . 

Jail head arrested 

over cell interview 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

The governor of one of 
Spain's main military prisons 
is under 10 days home arrest 
for letting an inmate give 
extensive telephone interviews 
from his cell while detained on 
government orders for alleged 
extreme righMring plotting. __ 
.. Colonel Juan Nardso Prat, 
who has not been dis mi ss ed , 
runs the Alcala jail near here, 
where some of the principal 
figures found guilty in the 
1981 coup attempt are serving 
their sentences. 

A month ago the governor of 
Geroua military prison was 
dismissed for inviting a pris- 
oner, former Colonel Antonio 
Tejero, to a Good Friday 
celebration dinner. Tejero, 
who stormed parliament at 
gunpoint in that attempt, is 
serving a 30-year sentence, . 

This time the' Alcala gover- 
nor allowed a Madrid radio 

station to telephone Colonel 
Carlos Meer. 

It later broadcast, at peak 
listen i n g rime, the cohmeTs 
answer to government accusa- 
tions that he had visited 
Tripoli earlier tins year aud 
asked . Colonel - Gadaffi • for 
money to laimch a new ex- 
tresne right-wing movement in 

- 'Colonel Meer, who was 
arrested on May 9, has so far 
only been charged by the 
military Inv e sti gating magis- 
trate with going absent with- 
out leave. Bat on die radio be 

admitted aaking f’nlqnpl Cy 

daffi for money. 

• ANKARA: Ali al-Zayyani, 
the Libyan consul in Istanbul, 
has been indicted for alleged 
involvement in a plot to bomb 
a US officers' dub in Ankara, 
'RfrTJUa Cotiom^d prosecu- 
tor, said (Renter reports). 

President Aifonsin of Argentina leaving his plane in Cordoba. A bomb was fader defused near where he addressed officers. 

Aifonsin Falklands lobby angered 

in army 
bomb alert 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

-Buenos -Aires (Reuter) — 
Police defused a bomb, in an 
army officers' dub on Mon- 
before* President 
Aifonsin was due to address 
officers in a nearby. building, 
Aigentina’s official news agen- 
cy, Telam, reported. 

A private news agency, 
DYN, said the bomb was 
discovered after an anony- 
mous telephone call warned it 
was in the officers’ club of the 
Third Army Corps at Cordo- 
ba, 470 miles north-west of 
Buenos Aires. Official spokes- 
men refused to comment 
Bombs exploded last Friday 
at six district offices, of Presi- 
l_denl_ Alfonsfo'siRadicaliParty : 
hours before, sentences were 
announced in the court mar- 

Any decision by a future 
Labour government to discuss 
tiie sovereignty of the Falk- 
land Islands with Argentum 
would be a “victory far 
GaltieiT' — the former Argen- 
• tineprerident who ordered the 
1982 favasion of the islands. 

This was the reaction yes- 
terday of Mr Eric Ogden, 
chairman of the United King- 
dom Falkland I slands Com- 
mittee, to a new Labour Party 
document wifag for inliw to 
be reopened with Buenos Aires 
on the islands' f u t u re. He said 
the islanders were opposed to 
any talks that could lead ton 
change in their sovereignty. 

A' recent survey showed that 
95 per cent of the Tshtnders.. 
wanted to stay British and that 
the irrerwhelmiag majority re- . 
jected the options put forward 

in the Labow Party document, 
such as United Nations trust-:* 
eeship, shared sereneigntyar z 
leaseback arrangement. 

“The report is George; 
FouDces at hjs best — or 

$10m film deal 

erv yet .he Wnheiy ignores 
than.* - 
"--.The document fetikefy to 
provoke anger add new aznri- 
encourage foe Argentine Gov^ 
e r nm e n t to dOngto tts^ope of 
in Brffish policy 

Paris (Reuter) — Menahem 
Golan and Yoram Globus, the 
Israeli film moguls, have 
signed a deal with Stuart. 
Urban, the British director, 
for a film on the Falklands 
War costing “in excess of S10 
million" it was announced. 

worsts Mr Ogden said*refer- 
lii%. to. the -MP for Carrick, 
Cumnock and Doan. Valley, 
anthor of thereport. “Foulkes 
knows the views oftheislaBd- 

The Foreign Office yeste- 
. ’day refused to comment on the 
report, except so reiterate tire 
G o ver nm ent’s refusal to nego- 
tiate with Argentina on the 
islands' sovereignty. 

Mr Ogden denied the 
report's assertion that the 
islands were costing tire Brit- 
ish taxpayer £550 motion a 
year. “That was the feme two 
years ago. Now if is £490 
wfliiwi and faffing: 1 * The- cost 
of nurintainiag a garrison is 
exgegedjo drop to 
£190 miUkm by 1989. 

rial of the military junta that 
led" Argentina to defeat in the 

1982 Falklands War. 

DYN said explosives ex-- 
of Cordoba police de- 
tbe bomb in a special 
anti-explosives van. The case 
was being investigated by a 
federal judge, it said. 

The President, on his return 
from Cordoba, said most of 
the armed forces were not only 
following “the democratic 
path, but they also are con- 
viriced-iharllns^s the 'road' 
that we must take". 

Second ship is held off islands 

Buenos Aires (AFP) — Ar- 
gentina has seized a Polish 
fishing vessel operating inside 
the exclusion zone proclaimed 
by Britain around the Falk- 
land Islands, Argentine offi- 
cials announced hem. 

The trawler Sejno was inter- 
cepted by coast guards 15 
miles inside the exclusion 
zone which extends 150 miles 
from the archipelago’s centre, 
the-Aigentine NavaTPrefec- 
ture sakL - 

The interception is the sec- 
ond in the last few months in 
Falklands waters claimed by 

Ar gentina. 

The other was a Spanish 
vessel which was fined 
S 15,000 (£9,800). 

The Sejno arrived under 
escort on Monday evening as 
Puerto Deseado where the 
captain faces prosecution for 
illegally entering Argentine 

Although Britain bars Ar- 

gentine vessels from the exclu- 
sion rone to guard a gainst 
sunwise attack on the Falk- 
land fclai yi^ Britain has au- 
thorized a number of foreign 
boats to fish them 
• Correction: A report on 
May 16 on the arrest by the 
Argentine Navy of a Japanese 
fishing vessel in the South 
Atlantic should have given the. 
position as 49 degrees 38 . 
minutes south and 61 degrees . 
51 minutes west. 

US court 

saves jobs 
of white 



In a mlmgwith important 
implications for “affirmative 
action" throughout the US, 
foe Supreme Court has reject- 
ed a plan that allowed Hack 
teachers in Jackson, Michigan, 
to keep their jobs while white 
teachers with greater seniority 
were laid off! /- 
By a5-4 vote, tbetionst said 

white teaefcere. State and local 
governments will now have to 
ensure schemes to hefo imaor-. 
itiesdo notalsogjve preferen- 
tial treatment at the expense 
of whites. " ' . 

. Tbe court ruling was only a 
partial victory for the Reagan 
( Administratio& k however, as it 
was doaked in - language 
strongly upholding foe princi- 
ple of affiraaative action. 

The ruling, one of the most 
important for years on this 
controversial issue, involved 
five different opinions on 
which the court was sptitinto 
several factions. 

But Justice .Sandra 
O’Connor, a Reagan appoin- 
tee and oik -of -the- most 
conservative^ suggested foe 
court had firmly rejected the* 

only those who can prove they 
were penfouaQy victims of 
past discriminations may ben- 
efit from affirmative action. 

the definition 
of privacy, the Supreme Goun 
has said government investi- 
gators do not need a warrant 
to conduct aerial surveillance 
of areas any pilot could legally 
fly over, including fob fenced 
gardens- of private homes. 

warned to 





, t ,ri 


From Trevor Fishlock 
New York 

America's largest and most 
pre mia trade union, which 
has often been in trouble with 
foe law. has been urged by 
President Reagan’s Labour 
Secretary- to cleanse itself of 

Mr WeOtam Brock's speech 
wasiemaiicabte m terns of its 
occasion. context, and tinting. 

He addressed 2,000^de- 
sain at foe . Convention of. the 
uteroational Brotherhood of 
Teamsters, foe lorry drivers' 
organization* meeting in La 

Looming to him was Mr 
Jackie Presser, foe onioa 
jnaad eat, who was charged 
last week with racketeering. 
He is . the fourth of the 
Teamstert* six presidents to 
he charged with criminal 

Mr Presser is a strong 
su pporter of Pretideat Rea- 

Mr Brock said in bis speech 
that foe anion had lost much 
pwbfir tret, and he com- 
pbihed of “mehbed-up pen- 
sion find abase", and toM foe 
anon it should dp something 
about It . ' 

His spcec&'s tDagh tm 
surprised many delegates, fat 
be abb said the majo rit y of 
teamrtrts were decent and 
honomable people. 

Mr Presses who b confi- 
dent of re-election as Presi- 
dent, received 
ovation for a speech in 
be declared tbe Government's 
i nvestig a tion of tbe mtioa “a 

vif ^ 


farce". A mnifoer of delegates 
said the charges against Mr 
Presser had- been made' for 
political reasons. 

! ^ 
) - ' 

US checks limits of 

Austrian neutrality 

FronrSkbri Bassett, Henna - 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US ^ Secretary of Defence, held 
talks ~ here yesterday, with 
Chancellor Sinowatz which 
touched on foe delicate issue 
of Austria's neutrality. 

His two-day visit to Vienna 
was the fast by a US Defence 

Secretary in the history of the 

Austrian Second Repul 
tablished in 1955. 

ffince^foeUf foe Americans 
have afways jcoonted o*T 
Austria’s robust rejection of 
commiinisnjlead«igth& corm- 

try to &H m with Nato m the 
event of aimed conflict in 
Central Europe. The Austri- 
ans, however, have remained 
; lukewarm to suggestions of co- 
operafion with Nato. 

Mr Weinberger will raise 
foe. issue of Austria’s armed 
neutrality and express Nato’s 
desire that Anstria do as much 
as posable to strengthen its 
defences. Years' of Socialist 
government have left foe 
cotmffis defences lagging well 
behinathatbf cemralSwiizer- 
iand in effectiveness. V 


You don’t have to drive many miles 
in a day to realise chat travel doesn’t only 
broaden the mind. It also cites the body 

Which is why, when Porsche 
developed the 928 to be the definitive; 
modern-day grand touring car, the over- 
riding concern was not status, but stamina. 

How couliTPorscfc'cbnseive'dir ~~ 
driver's energy while best utilising the car’s? 
First, create the ideal driving environ- 
ment. Thus the 928S Series 2 has a cabin 
interior which makes you feel ar ease 

To improve comfort and car control, 
front seats are electrically powered .for 
height, reach and back adjustment. 

Instrumentation is rather accommo- 
dating too. Not only will die steering 
column adjust, but the entire instrument 
binnacle moves with it. 

There’s a H-fu notion safety warning 
system that monitors the car while you 
watch the road. 

While to prevent those annoyingly 
frequent adjustments to heating and 
ventilation, . the 928 s climate control 
maintains your pre-set temperature 

Minor details make a major difference 
too. The air-conditioned glove box, 
for example. The electric, heated door 
mirrors. The unique, screen-cleaning 
system thar removes difficult bugs and 
smears. Even the ashtray is illuminated. 

But more enlightening is the 
experience of drivings 928. V8 power and 
first-rate roadholding make this one 
of the most relaxing cars in the world to 

Not only is it quicker from A to B. 
it’s smoother. 

-Opt for the 4-speed automatic and 
the 928 performs more effortlessly stifl. 

. Yer it lacks little of the manual’s mid- 

range punch. 

Instant response at any speed makes 
overtaking manoeuvres swifter and there- 
foresafet. ■ - - 
.. ' j Should you thotise to cruise ail day 
at 70, that’s no problem. 

: (This is the car that when unleashed 
on die Nardo test track covered 3749 
miles in -24 hours at an average speed of 

. To makeibng journeys less physically 
demanding, there's a cruise control, of 
course, second generation ABS braking 
and power steering char's speed sensitise. 

.'Aim so that you expend less nervous 
energy; rhe 928 feels as though 

it’s built to withstand just about - 

9 2 

anything, ft does. SERIES 


Add to this, generous luggage capacity, 
a 400 mile touring range (between fuel 
*nd you hare a luxury performance 
• car without equal. 

• ftwen makes your money go forthec 

' Consider the economic advantages of 
a 2-year mechanical warranty the Porsche 
10-year Loo^ife anti-corroskm warran t y 

that’s routine maintenance free, 12,000 
mile service intervals and r espect a bly h^h 
re-sale values. 

Then amply send us your business 

card. Wfell provide a personal intro- .. 

• . - 

: duettos to your nearest Qffichtl Porsche- 
Centee and a’ comprehensive brochure 
onthenari|iie. ‘ 

Needless doesn’t matter ^how 
fer you go, you won’t find a fW cat, . 



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• -i-,r 

s limits! 







Israelis shocked by 

report on armed forces 

A detailed and biting report 

- claiming that ia^rs proud 
,« defence forces are becoming 

less and less capable of figh£ 
tng, has shocked politicians 
-*-here and may precipitate a 
-* major shake-up in the armed 
_ forces— 18 months after it was 

The report was prepared by 
■-a brilliant academic, . Dr 
„ Emmanual Wald, who was a 
--colonel in the Army's plan- 

?i2R-- b S? nel L in September 
... 1 982 when he was asirwH to 
•' prepare a report on the lessons 
of the Lebanese war., 

~ . When he finished it he was 
j; given permission to research 

— the command structure back 
lfc to the 1967 Six-Day War and 

the 1973 Yom Kippur War. 

From Ian Moray, Jerusalem 

. The second report was fin- 
ished in August 1983 
concluded that the . fcrnf Ji 
deficiencies in Lebanon could 
be traced back to the' earfipr 

Dr Wald was then given a 
new job by General Moshe 
Levy, the. Chief of. SiafE to 
prepare a multi-year p&n for 
an armed forces &uild-up. 
Dozens of researchers were 
assigned to help him.. - ' * 

From then on he appears to 
have run foul of his superiors. 
He now claims he was not 
given access to the documents 
he required. 

He was eventually arrested 
on suspicion of spying -when 
he was caught photo-copying 
documents, taken from the 

Protest to EEC at 
Arafat meeting 

Fran Ian Mmray, Jerusalem 

Representatives from all 1 ? 

- EEC coon tries are being sum* 
mooed to the Israeli Foreign 

V Ministry today to be told they 
■* will be supporting terrorism H 
a meeting goes ahead next 
I week in Tank between Mr 
*• Hans van den Broek aid Mr 

- YassEr Arafat. 

^ Mr van den Broek, the 
•-* Dutch Foreign Minister, is 
'* also currently President of the 
i EECs Council of Ministers. 

The idea that be should agree 
** to meet the PLO Chairman in 
this capacity has caused ftn- 

- mediate anger here. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Foreign Minister, told the 
president of the West German 
Bundestag, Herr Philip Jenn- 
inger, the meeting would not 
be helpful. 

Asking for West German 

- support to block it, Mr Shamir 
said that it would be a blow to 
King Husain of Jordan, who 

^ had ended political links with 
*- the PLO. At tile same time it 
would encourage extremists 

- and elements of terrori sm . 

“’For Arafat the meeting 
j alone is enough, regardless oi 
u bat is said," Mr Shamir said. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man raid that the protest was 
... being made to tile EEC coun- 
• tries even though ft was stffl 
.. not dear whether toe meeting 
would take place. 

Mr HBmiui ; Selrima^ f e£tor 
of A! Ftgr ; a leading West 
Bank newspaper and a moder- 
ate Palestinian leader, said 

that if flie meeting mot ahead 
Mr Arafat would tell the 
Dutch Minister Oat “Rales- - 
tinians everywhere ore work- 
ing for a peaceful solution. 
They want peace, they desire 
peace, they are working for 

Mr Seniors was speaking 
after a meeting with- Signor 
Gmtio Andreetti, the Italian 
Foreign Minister,' in East 
Jerusalem. He was told by a 
delegation of fom 
Palestinians that tile 
must press ahead with toe 
implementation of its Venice 
Declaration on the Palestinian 

tiie right of sdf-detenninafion 
for Palestinians and insists 
that the PLO most have a role 

According to Israeli 'offi- 
cials, Signor Andreotti had 
agreed during a meeting with 
Mr Shamir that the declara- 
tion was “not operative". 

• BRUSSELS: Dutch offi- 
cials in the Hague said yester- 
day tl»t Mr van deh Broek 
had no intention .of nv*tfng 
Mr Yasfr Arafat or otiuTpLO 
officials unless toe PLO. itself 
asked for such a meeting 

(Richard Owen writes). 

•' A spokesman said toe pap- 
pose of toe trip to Tank-whs tof 
prepare't&e way. for a furore 
ItigWevdmeetiBg between 
the EEC and toe Arair states 
as a whole in the aftermath of) 
toe Ubjaanisis. 

safe of the head of toe. plan- 
ning branch. An investigation 
showed he was not a spy. .and 
he was allowed to continue toe 
report, which he finished in 
November 1984 — 700-pages 
of harsh criticism. 

It concluded that the mili- 
tary command had foiled to 
leant toe lessons of earlier 
wars or . even toe Lebanese 
war. -Hie army had become 
more bureaucratic-' and' less 
capable of fighting. The mid- 
dle command was now flJ- 
trained, poorly motivated and 
less qualified than in toe past. 

General Levy decided to 
show toe report to only one 
other senior officer, who in 
turn decided that only part of 
it would be presented for 
discussion at general staff 
level In disgust. Dr Wald 
resigned Ms permanent com- 
mission and returned to an 
academic life. 

Nothing mudi was heard 
publicly of the report until last 
Friday, when a television 
documentary . brought . the 
matter to the attention of 
politicians. Now the Knesset's 
Foreign AffeiiS and Defence 
Committee is appointing a 
subcommittee to investigate 
what happened. 

A new fiye-year defence 
plan is due to be completed in 
a few weeks, and toe Knesset 1 
wants to know bow much of 
the . Wald report has been 
taken into consideration. 

It is clear that the report 
'pinpoints one area which is. 
causing General Levy con- 
cern: the high drop-out rate of 
officers, who claim they can 
no longer afford to stay in the 
Army on present low pay 
scales. This is being studied by - 
army bureaucrats. 

Costs that 
found the 
scouts not 

From Christopher Thomas 

American boy scouts are being 
Mi by toe staggering increase 
in liability insurance costs that 
is sweeping the country. 

Every scout troop and cub 
pack is having to pay a special 
520 (£13) levy, enough to 
threaten the survival of groups 
in areas like Harlem. 

Nothing like it has hap- 
pened in the 76-year history of 
scouting in America. Officials 
say that accidents are rare but, 
of course, the scouts must be 
prepared. . 

Mr Lawrence Potts, chief 
financial officer, pointed out: 
“Scouts just don't sit around 
reading. They row boats, go 
skiing, play basketball and 
football. Some of them get 

He added: “If a scout is hurt 
at a den or troop meeting, 
given the practice of today 
that scout's family will be 
besieged by attorneys who tell 
them that they should be 

As an example, the New 
York Council of the Boy 
Scouts, the largest in the 
coin try, must pay $106,000 
(£68,400)fbr liability insur- 
ance next year, compared with 

Moscow admits extent 
of Kiev radiation panic 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

A Communist Party news- 
paper yesterday admitted for 
toe first rime the extent of the 
mass radiation panic which 
gripped the citizens of Kiev, 
toe third largest Soviet city, in 
the aftermath of the nuclear 
disaster at Chernobyl 
Sovietskava Rossiya report- 
ed that just before toe national 
May Day holiday, demand for 
train tickets grew so great that 

residents were now trying to 
sell back their tickets. - • 

“In the ticket halls , where 
not long before certain bald- 
ing people were climbing over! 
toe heads of those queuing 
calmly toe queues- were 
growing shorter and shorter" 
the paper said of the.aineat 
situation in toe Ukrainian 

Swedish milk ban 

Stockholm - Farming in parts 
of Sweden contaminated by 
feu-oat from the Chernobyl 
accident win be restricted for 
months, a government official 
said yesterday (Renter re- 
ports). Mr Gnanar Bengtsson, 
director of the Radiation Pro- 
tection Institute, said contami- 
satioa by caesium, a substance 
that fades slowly, had declined 
from last month's peaks but 
was still high enough to mean 
milk from cows in the area 
must not be sold for several 
months. _____ 

. railway officials had to open 

- eight extra counters at the 
Kiev central station, cut 

■ lunch-breaks for staff and 

.1 extend their working hours. 

The admission that pawe- 

- stricken individuals had tried 

I to force their way to the topot 

- long queues followed earlier 

J condemnation of the Western 

■ media for hs reporting of the 
situation in Kiev. It came ah 
the context of a long article 
claiming that the panic was 
over and that many Kiev 

capital which is some 60 
miles away from toe stricken 

The first reports of the mass 
panic in Kiev were provided 
by Western diplomats who 
managed to travel .to the 
region despite a blanket , ban 
on visits thereby either West- 
ern envoys or newsmen. . 

One reported queues of 
more than 4,000 at the station, 
but toe authorities attempted 
to portray this part 
of the normal holiday rush. 

Commenting, oh toe article. 
Western observers noted last 
night that one reason for the 
qwrteniug of the situation was 
the feet that 250.000 children 
aged between 6 and 13 and all 
breast-feeding mothers, have 
now been evacuated fen: the 
duration of the summer. 

Soviet sources familiar with 
toe situation in the city claim 
that despite the superficial 
calm bring played up by the 
media, there is deep anxiety 
among many residents about 
the long-term effects of 
radiation. . i 

Many are drinking coffee or 
spirits, two folk remedies 
against radioactivity widely 
believed by the Soviet public 
at large- 

Gonzalez in Russia 

Seaor .-Felipe 

Spanish Prime JVbmster 
(Wftl meeting ^^52? 

er, in the ftseinfcn 
ces ««*** 

tails bated me horns 

The visit comes less than 10 
weeks after Seftor Gonzilez 
ted a successful aunpaisn to 
keep Spain in .NatoJ In -a 
speech at a Kremfin hanqnet 
lie defended /Nafti.. member- 
ship ate I m phastee d ,• the 
importance off JninttB rights 

jpT vaBatixm. 

Commander Eden Pastora, 
toe former Contra guerrilla 
leader, waving a poster of 
Sandino, of thp Nirft- 

Pressure on Chile 

Santiaao (Reuter) - Foreien thev were not interferina in 

ragnan revolution. 

The commander has re- 
nounced his armed straggle 
against the Sandinista Gov- 
ernment in Nicaragua and 
sought political asylum in 
Costa Rica. 

He told reporters on the last 
leg of his trip toat be stfll 
believed in Sandioo. 

MPs gave their support yester- 
day for a return to democracy 
in Chile at the start of an 
international conference at- 
tacked fry the Government 
here as foreign meddling. 

Seflor Hugo PiucilL a con- 
gressman from Argentina’s 
ruling Radical Party, said in a 
speech on behalf of more than 
60 foreign delegates from Eu- 
rope ana Latin America, that 

Chile’s internal affairs. 

As delegates gathered at a 
city hotel, police sealed off 
surrounding streets, forcing 
shops to dose and keeping 
traffic and pedestrians away. 

Senor Luis facto. Presi- 
dent of Chile's Chamber of 
Deputies at the time of the 
1 973 coup, said in his opening 
speech that they were meeting 
to recover democracy in Chile. 

Tokyo politics in 
disarray as PM 
seeks double poll 

From Darid Watts, Tokyo 

Anyone who believes Japan 
Is a friction-free political ma- 
chine where self- interest dis- 
solves in the free of the public 
good should take a quick look 
at the political scene today. 

Near-chaos reigns, not only 
in relations between the ruling 
Liberal Democratic Party 
(LDP) and the opposition 
parties, but within the LDP 
itself. The argument centres 
mainly on whether there are to 
be elections for both the Upper 
and Lower Hoases of toe Diet 
this snmmer. 

- Upper House ejections are 
already doe, but the Prime 
Minister, Mr Yasnbiro Naka- 
soue, wants to take advantage 
of his party's unusually high 
level of popularity and hold 
elections for the Lower House 
as weU. 

Not only are die four Oppo- 
sition parties against the idea, 
but practically all the leading 
power brokers and three for- 
ma- Prime Ministers in the 
rating party areas well 

The Opposition parties are 
afraid- that Mr Nakasoae 
might succeed in ridding the 
LDP of its dependence on 
coalition partners and recoup 
its poor performance at the 
last eJectionJIis party col- 
leagues hare no such plausible 
strategic explanation for their 
opposition to the Prime 

The former Prime Ministers 

— Mr Takeo Fuknda, Mr 
Takeo Miki and Mr Zenko 
Suzuki — are all driven either 
by old grudges against the 
Prime Minister or jealousy 
that he might pull off a party 
first — a third term as Prime 

In order to have elections to 
both the Upper and Lower 
Houses, Mr Nakasoae has to 
dissolve the Diet. The problem 
is that the current session aids 

tomorrow and he most dissolve 
it before then or contrive 
reasons for another session or 
an extension of the present 

The opposition and his own 
snpportres have been warning 
him i fra* torn must be due 

reason to dissolve both Houses 

Lacking substantive issues 
for passage through the Diet, 
except a package of measures 
to help those firms hard hit by 
the increase in the value ct the 
yen, or the reform of the 
national railways, the Prime 
Minister is fighting to have 
toe session extended or to 
convene an extra session to 
nm through tiie first week of 
June. This would allow him to 
dissolve both Hoases for an 
election some time in late June 
or July. 

Complicating the picture is 
legislation on the re-distribu- 
tion of Diet seats, now heavily 
favouring the ruling party in 
rural areas, which the Speaker 
of tiie House, Mr Mtehio 
Sakata, has decreed mast be 
promulgated a month before 
the announcement of an elec- 
tion date. 

Today, Mr Nakasoae will 
meet leaders of the Opposition 
for what is likely to be a very 
tough session as he tries to 
persuade them that his mo- 
tives are of the highest for an 
extra session oftoe Diet Later 
in the day he is due to meet the 
five top officials of Us own 
party who will deride whether 
or not to endorse his plan for 
an extra session. 

It is an open question which 
of his two audiences the Prime 
Minister will find the more 
critical. What Is certain, how- 
ever, is that nobody has the 
remotest idea what the next 
few weeks of Japanese politics 
will bring. 

can be 

At UK Ninex Ltd , it is our job to implement the 
Government's strategy for the safe and efficient disposal of 
low- level radioactive waste. It is our wish to provide anyone 
who asks us with details of our proposals. 

Yet before a single container of this type of waste can 
be disposed of anywhere, we will have to prove that our 
plans are safe. 

. , First of ail at a major Public Inquiry. But also to the 

Department of the Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture, 

Fisheries and Food, the Department of Transport, the 
Radioactive Vtoste Management Advisory Committee 
and the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate. 

Parliament will shortly decide whether or not 


to authorise a Special Development Order; which will give us 
permission to start engineering field work on four possible 
disposal sites in England. Eventually one site may be chosen 
for development 

If the Order is granted we will still have a great 
deal to do before we will be allowed to put our ideas into 

V\fe haven't the space here to give you detailed 
information about low-level radioactive waste - or 
radioactivity in general. So if you'd like to know more, please 
write to Peter Curd at UK Nirex Ltd, Information Office, 
, Curie Arenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RH, 
and ask for our Fact Pack. 

United Kingdom Ninex 

Nuclear Industry Radioactive Waste Executive. 

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Peacock angry 
at Hawke plan 
for separate 
defence pacts 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

A plan by the Hawke Gov- 
ernment to maintain separate 
defence arrangements with the 


denounced by the opposition 
as an abandonment of hs 
obligations to the Anzus pact, 
which appears to be sliding 
towards a formal breach. 

Mr Andrew Peacock, a for- 
mer Foreign Minister, said 
yesterday Australia was the 
only party in a position to 
mediate in the nuclear dispute 
between the Reagan and 
Lange administrations, and 
Canberra's neglect of this role 
had allowed toe region’s “ulti- 
mate guarantee" to collapse. 

“To accept that your 
country’s most basic treaty 
has simply unravelled and do 
nothing about h indicates that 
you are adopting the attitude 
of the detached bystander," 
Mr Peacock said. 

His remarks coincide with 
the latest of a series of large 
Pacific exercises, code-named 
■Rimpac 86, from which New 
Zealand has been excluded by 
the US because of the dispute. 
Four other nations - Britain, 
Australia, Canaria and Japan, 
are engaged in the exercise 

which involves 50 ships and 
50,000 military personnel 

The hardening of attitudes 
has caused Canberra to con- 
sider alternatives i£ as now 
seems inevitable, Wellington 
pushes through legislation to 
bar nu dear-armed or nudear- 
powered ships, and Washing- 
ton formally scraps its 35- 
year-old defence commitment 
to New Zealand. 

The Government has not 
issued any clear statement on 
these contingencies, bat a 
Labour backbencher said this 
week that the idea of separate 
treaties with the two countries 
was well advanced. 

During the visit by Mr Bob 
Hawke, the Prime Minister, to 
Washington last month. State 
Department officials said he 
and President Reagan had 
agreed to exchange letters 
affirming that the US and 
Australia would together keep 
Aozus alive. This is taken as 
meaning that the pact would 
simply be redefined as a 
bilateral agreement 

Canberra has urged the 
Lange Government not to 
bring in anti-nuclear legisla- 
tion but has stopped short of 

Sarney’s economic shock treatment works 

Brazil is treating inflation 


China signs Australian smelter deal 


the Chinese leader, 
Bob Hawke, the Australian Prime 
Minister, m Peking before the signing of a £45 
millio n agreement to provide 3%008 tonnes of 
Australian dnmbrium a year to China by 1988. 

Mr Zhao Ziyang, the Chinese Premier, 
joined Mr Hawke at the signing ceremony at 
the Great Hall of the People (Rater reports). 
In what officials said was Peking's biggest 

foreign investment, the China International 
Trust and Investment Corporation fa to take a 
10 per cent stake in a troubled smelter owned 
by Alcoa of Australia in Portland^ Victoria. 

After the ceremony Mr Hawke, who is on a 
six-day visit, was gaest at a Western-style 
banquet In his meeting with Mr Deng, they 
discussed China's development and 

When BraziTs Finance Min- 
ister, Scnhor Dihon Funaro, 
declared recently that his 
country could finish the year 
with a 4per cent inflation rate; 
“comparable to that of 
Switzerland", the casual lis- 
tener might weB have bear 

After aft, was this not the 
economy with the biggest 
foreign debt ($103 billion) m 
the developing world and a 
recent inflation rate of250 per 

That was the old BiaziL A 
new Brazil, the nation's lead- 
ers say, was born on February 
28, , when President Josfe 
Sarney announced an “eco- 
nomic shock” plan. Modelled 
.on President AlfbnsuTs Aus- 
tral plan ■ in Argentina, die 
reform froze wages and prices, 
liaced the ailing cruzeiro 
with a new, strong currency 
(the cruzado);- ami ended the 
system of indexing wages to 
the inflation rale. 

Now. just three months 
later, the first battles in this 
“life or death war against 
inflation" appear to have been 

In March and April infla- 
tion was kept under 1 per cent 
and prices of many consumer 
tods have fellen- 
Al though Argentina's infla- 
tion fell after the Austral plan, 
the economy continued to 
wallow in recession. By con- 
trast, Brazifs economy con- 
tinues to grow and may come 
dose to matching the spectac- 
ular 1985 growth rate of 8 per 

: cent, one of tire bights! in the 

Encouraged by the stabi- 
lized economy,, some indus- 
tries have stepped up ixt- 
v e stm e n t S L ' Exports are still 
booming and the trade surplus 
is expected to reach SI2 
trillion. . 

The cruzado plan has also 
been a virtual political coup. 
Thrust into power in April 
1985, after the death erf Presi- 
dent-elect Tancredo Neves. 
President Sarney had been 
moving by diffident halfiseps 
all year. • 

Inflation raced towards 500 
per cent and labour grew 
increasingly restive over erod- 
ing wages. A massive Cabinet 
change had alienated key poli- 
ticians in the alliance of 
governing parties. 

As his popularity damped, 
the cry for immediate presir 

dential elections grew shrill 
The man who came to power 
by accident seemed to be 
ruling the same way. 

“Sarney was backed into a 
corner," said Senbor Cdso 
Martone, a University, of SSo 
Paulo economist. “Then, in 
one move, he turned the 

In March Brazilians took to 
the streets, not in protest but. 

silent and President Sarney 's 

popularity soared. - 
However, not all is well in 
.' the new BraziL Manufacturers 
and retailers have not been 
able to agree on wholesale 
prides, and as a result a 
number of consumer goods 
have vanished from the 
shelves. Fanners complain 
they are losing money at the 
current fooaen price levels. . 
■f And if government spend- 
ing is not curbed, toe public 
deficit could climb to 512 
billion and. push up inflation 
tin. If inflation goes above 
1 cent a year, one union 

fes sand, strikes will 

“spring np like popcorn". 

For President Sarney, the 
dock is licking. If the refbnn 
works, be am go down as 
. the most popular president in 
recent history. If not, Ire could 
tumble back again to tine 
depths of obscurity. 

remarkably, to support the 
austerity measures. Consum- 

es took price crmtrol chans to 
supermarkets, and sang the 
national anthem as govern- 
ment auditors arrested shop- 
keepers who were cheating op 
prices. labour and the left fell 

President Jos& Sarney: the: 
dock is ticking. 




fatal leap 

Seoul (Renter) — A Sooth 
Korean student died yesterc 
after setting himself alight in 
an anti- American carapos pro- 
test and jumping from a ioo£ 
tiie state radio raid. 

The Korea Broadcasting 
System named him as Lee 
Dong So, a freshman at Seoul 
National University's horti- 
cBltonl department 
Witnesses said that trouble 
erupted at tire state-run uni- 
versity when more than L000 
police moved on to the campus, 
where abort 5,000 students 
were boMiag a memorial rally 
for victims of the Kwangju 
dvflian uprising in May 1989. 

They said Lee domed him- 
self with petrol on top of a 
ree-storey bniklnm, sethim- 
setfon fire storing *00 away, 
US imperialists” aad plunged 
to the pavement below. 

South Korean students and 
dissidents Maine the US for 
backing President Chon Ooo 
Hwan, whom they Maine for 

^^ofifiaa] dead** toll for 
the insurrection in the provin- 
cial capital 125 miles sooth of 
Seoul was 193 but opponents 
of the government allege that 
the true figure was much 

Wires police moved on to 
tire campus, students were, 
listening to an address by a . 
dissident Protestant minister, 
the Rev Moon Ik-hwan, in 
which he called for greater 
democracy in South Korea. 

Thousands of angry stu- 
dents rained stones and petrol 
bombs oo the riot police. 

Officials at Seoul National 
University clinic said about a 
dozen students were treated 
there after yesterday's con- 

Mob clubs 
14 robbers 

to death 

From Ahmed Fari 

Fourteen people were dob- 
bed to death by rural police-' 
men and angry villagers after 
being caught robbing a form- - 
house in the Ishwarganj dis- 
trict of central Bangladesh on 
Monday, local officials said. * 

Mr Ibiez Chowdhury, the . 
district magistrate, said mem- 
bers of a village defence party 
— a rural constabulary — and: 
about 500 angry villagers - 
brandishing sticks surrounded 
a house where the alleged 
robbers had taken refuge and-, 
beat them to death. 

_ Mr Chowdhnry said regular 
policemen were rushed to the ' 
district, 100 miles north qf 
Dhaka, to* disarm .the rural * 
policemen and prevent (he 
mob violence spreading. 

Authorities said that the 
victims had police records and 
were wanted for minder and 
robbery ra the area. 

On Sunday, at least 20 
people were foiled when mobs 
attacked a village in the 
eastern Brahmanbaria district 
r allegedly sheltering a band 
of thieves. About 25 people 
are missing after the carnage, -. 
in which an entire village was 
burned down. 

• Jatiyo majority: The iatiyo 
Party, which supports Presi- 
dent Ershad, won 152 of the 
300 parliamentary seats in this 
month's election. The Awarai 
League tire largest opposition 
group, look 75 seats while a 
pro-Awami alliance has 21. 
Independent members hold 
33 seats, while the fundamen- 
talist Jamaat-i-Islami has 10. 
Another 30 women members 
will be elected by majority 
vote of MPs. 

Najib attacks Karmal 
oyer party failings 

e u 

«, . . 

■i, • ; 

i ■ 



>. , 

, 7 . 


— *j. t 


ti , 

r ondT, 

W i' 

From Michael Hantiyu, Delhi 

The more you put in. 

the higher it gets. 

T he M oney Management Account gives you a 
high rate of interest, whatever your investment. 

The more you invest, the higher the interest 
rate on all your Money Management savings. 
And now there’s a new top rate of 8.75% net-on 
balances of £10,000 or more. 

You get instant access, too. Draw up to £1,000 
in cash or £20,000 by cheque each day at any 
National & Provincial branch. 

And you won’t lose any interest. 

Scarcely-veiled attacks on 
the leadership of Mr Babrak 
Karmal, the titular President 
of Afghanistan, by Dr Najib 
UUah, the man who succeeded 
him as general secretary of the 
ruling party, have been report- 
ed by Western diplomats here. 

while Dr Najib, appointed 
earlier this month as party 
chief by a “unanimous” vote 
of the party plenum, has been 
establishing himself in the 
public eye with a series of 
speeches around the capital 
he has also publicly attacked 
the running of the party. 

According to the diplomats,, 
he addressed a meeting of tire 
Kabul city plenum of the 
People's Democratic Party of 
Afghanistan last week an d 
attacked the party for its lack 
of activity, which be deemed 
“the main defect of our 
work” He also spoke against a 
failure to implement and con- 
trol party activities. 

Dr Najib expressed concern 

that only 17 per cent of the ■ 
students in -higher -education 
were ihembere of the youth 
wing of tire party. His figures' 
showed that only 3 per cent of 
medical students and 6 per 
cent of student-teachers were 

. The diplomats reported that 
the meeting of the plenum 
which promoted Dr Najib and 
sidelined Mr. Karmal was - 
preceded by a stormy session 
of tire Politburo, and that an 
even stormier dash had taken - 
place in the streets of the 
suburb of KaneSeh four days 

. An Afghan source told dip- 
lomats that four people ' died 
there. in an open brawl be- 
tween Khakji and Parchami 
factions of the party. 

The new .general secretary 
has also emphasized the need 
for bolstering the strength of 
the Afghan Army and for 
dosing the border with 

i tf. 

Bhutto party 
elects wife 
and daughter 

National^ Provincial B uilding Society 

f ara jnterwted In managing my moMy better with National ft Piwlnciaj Building Society. 
Name - - 


1/We enclose a chrqsH) for £ 

Post co de 

jo be invested In a Money Management Account. 


Ptea*e send fortha 1 Information 

I Send to: Peter M 

Harrend, National A Pmtndai BrthBiig Soctefr FREEK5ST, Bradford, West Ybrfcrtdre BPMML 

money ma n agement account 

Isla ma bad — Members of 
the Pakistan People’s Party of 
the executed Prime . Minister, 
Mt Zulfikar Afi Bhutto, have, 
elected hiswidow, Nusrat, aiyj 
daughter,- Benazir, , co-chair- 
men (HaisanAkhiar writes). 

-The election came after 
wrangling within tire party 
caused by tire return from 
exile , of Miss Benazir 
Bbrutto.This led to tire purging 
.of several, important party 
readers including Mr GimJam 
Mustafa JatoiV once a dose 
associate of Mr Bhutto. 

Dock strikers 
in Cadiz burn 
tobacco cargo 

Madrid — Stevedores burn- 
ed three containers of tobacco 
in Cadiz during the second day 
nf anatom-wide dock workers’ 
strike, according to cepflrts 
here yesterday (Harry De- 
faefins writes). 

More than 9, TOO Stevedores 
joined thestoppagetftroagfc- 
ont Spain. It b scheduled to 
last 10 days in protest against 
privatization ai port hrimits. 
The strike was the third in 


il- ■ y ' 

ly an. Spanish 

dehynig an estimated 400 



1 1 f j h I^agement proven in the MARKET PLACE. 

management proven in the market place, management proven in the market place, management proven jn the market place. MANAGEMENT PROVEN in the market place, management 

We doirt waiiit to boast about the success 
of Cadbury Schweppes new management 
but even the lemons are 20% more 



vf' ' ' £ 
' ■ ■ ._ . 

| was the cloudiness of the | component, Schweppes have a | 
| product. This is; a result of the | better product at a lower cost. | 



5 S 


‘Albedo’ or pith imd it’s tangible 
proof of the real fruit presence. 
The trouble is it ’s unstable and 

The essential oil that gives 
Bitter Lemon (and other fruit 
drinks) flavour has to be dis- 

‘ •\;v 

| sinks to the bottom of the bottle. | persed throughout the drink, g 



2 £ 

g To you, a lemon is a = 
f pleasant yellow thing that’s I 
? essential in a gin and tonic z 

£ r* 

i and handy for juggling prac- I 
I tise when you’re bored. 1 
1 To a drinks technologist, i 
I it’s three components - the \ 
| juice, which is actually not 1 
\ that flavoursome, the z 
% ‘albedo’ (pith) and the outer I 

1 skin or ‘flavedo’, where ‘real’ I 

2 H 

5 flavour is found, in the form £ 

rc n 

l of essential oil. Z 

| To the Cadbury Schwep- | 

| pes management it was the § 
1 means to a generational ad- | 
s vance over the competition | 
s in technology and a massive | 
| contribution in terms of I 
s profitability and product ij 

l quality. t 

1 Here’s the story of the |i 
1 millions of pounds Cadbury I 

3 Schweppes have squeezed 1 

| out of lemons. | 

z z 

l Bitter and Twisted. | 

> > 

| Until the 1950’s the only | 

E fruit material to be found in car- ^ 
g bonated drinks was juice, which, g 

I as we’ve said, doesn’t actually | 

I taste of much. Schweppes were | 
I amongst the first to pioneer | 
1 the “comminuted” base, using | 
I the juice and the best of the s 
| pith and peel. This led to the | 

I launch of the first of the ‘whole | 
fruit drinks'— Schweppes Bitter | 

| Lemon, one of the great sue- | 
I cesses of the period. | 

\ Although Bitter Lemon is jj 

g And of course iteal fruit is at I 

* h 

g the whim of the weather. A g 

g late frost in the Greek lemon % 
> > 

1 groves results in watery lemons f 
| which give a juiee which clears | 
i too quickly. i 

| 'Flavedo' ancil 'Albedo' 1 
I to the rescue. ; 

70 70 

X X 

| Schweppes could have ^ 

1 charged a premium price and p 

2 2 
z reformulated with life enhanc- \ 

£* £3 

| ing chemicals and clouding | 
t agents. \ 

o o 


Z £ 

or it would float on the top and 
give you a very nasty surprise 
on the first sip. 

The essence 
of huge savings. 

This dispersion has tradi- 

on these two brands alone are 
nearly £500,000 per year. 

More judgement 
than luck. 

This technical leadership 
didn’t come about by accident. 
Thanks to management fore- 
sight Cadbury Schweppes have 
invested £6 million in two 
technical developmental cen- 
tres at Dollis Hill, where 
the Stakhanovite lemons were 

tionally been done with a sol- | developed, and the Lord 
vent subject to duty. It works, | Zuckerman Research Centre 

but the essences used for export 
are as a result, subject to tax. So 
Schweppes have designed an 
emulsion which suspends the oil 

at Reading University. 

Their research is designed 
to give a funda mental technical 
understanding of Cadbury 

in water instead. Not only is it % Schweppes products, and to 
duty free, it improves flavours. 1 the profitable development of 

$S'p \ - ‘ :• 

| It also improves balance sheets. \ 
I The saving on just one \ 
1 flavour to one country can l 
z be £250,000 per annum. With l 
| an export market the size of j 

z z 

| Schweppes’ the annual savings | 
| are huge. | 

I i 

I Time to concentrate. I 

5 z 

1 R&D (Research and 1 

2 2 

| Development) at this highly | 

5 ! K 

s sophisticated level has enabled i 
S Cadbury Schweppes to break R 

Z MANAG EM ENT PROVEN IN THE MARKS ET PLACE.MANAG EMENT ? down flavours to their com- | 

— C £ 

But Sehwepples like to 1 ponent constituents. | 

avoid additives. Th«i answer lay 3 By excluding the unnecess- 3 
in the lemons themselves. | ary components in drinks which \ 
Prior to 1982,’ Schweppes 1 cannot be dissolved in the new | 
only used some of t he essential | emulsion they can reduce the | 
oil extracted from the ‘flavedo’. | volume of the essence; and less I 
Also, only some of the ‘albedo’, | volume means less duty. £ 

, R m 

selling the rest as ca .ttle food. So | management proven inthe market place.manaoementp 
it made sense to somehow get | |V Jm 

more out of the lernons. Much % V. '-S - * . . . 
experimentation resulted in a 1 '".'Li;.-- 
new process that cocild ‘squeeze’ | -v 

lemons harder, mor^: times. This I "* ' : •§ 

gave access to mojre clouding | 4'.- 

components and ottier flavour- ? r.,.; y •" v 

ing agents which hsid not been | «• 
attainable with the old process. | 

agents instantly solved one g 

5 superior brands in the increas- 

2 ingly buoyant leisure food and 
| drinks market. As well as the 
l super efficient lemons (soon to 
| have their yield increased even 


% further by a new development) 
| there is the CDM project. The 
§ methods are top secret, the re- 
| suits are worth making a noise 
1 about. 


| It. will save £4 million a 

3 year - a direct return on the 

? research budget. 

| Chief Executive Dominic 

| Cadbury emphasises, ‘‘What 
i matters about our research is 
| not the absolute amount but its 
| quality and relevance to com- 
| mercial objectives. We judge our 
I research investment by the 
i sustainable marketing and 


<•' 11 va 


the sort of product people view | problem - they incrjsased shelf | 

with great affection it was beset \ life from four months; to twelve, f |^Hji 

by difficulties in the late ’70’s. | The additional clouding com- I 

The fir^t was cost of pro - ^ ponents resulted fin greater 5 management proven inthe market place-management proven in the market puace. management proven in the I 

— j > sstnhilitv and thp. fap.t that, the £ For instance the famous | financial advantages it provides ? 

| duction compared to ‘simple 
■S flavoured drinks like cola 

stability and the fact that the s 
lemon’s yield is up> by over I 

| Second was shelf life- After four | 20% means sensible pricing can g 

% months the product tended to 1 be maintained. So just by \ 

■ ! darken an d taste stale. Third J concentrating on the basic § 

Tonic flavouring is concen- 
trated four times for export, 
Rose’s Lime Juice a staggering 
ten times. The savings of duty 

us with in the marketplace" i 

©Uiwuf Schweppes i 










The battered Bard 

Concern over the 

Ros OrMswsMr 

absence of American 

tourists reached the 

Cabinet this week. 

William Greaves 

sees how shadows 

of terrorism have 

affected Stratford 

One day last week the men who have 
turned Stratford-upon-Avon into a 
tourist phenomenon sat down for a 
crisis meeting. Figures for the Great 
American Defection were coming in — 
and they were even grimmer than 
expected. Four coach firms reported 
.cancellations ranging from 25 per cent 
to 75 per cent of all long-haul 
bookings. At the town's main attrac- 
tions. admissions were up to 35 per 
cent down on last year’s figures. 

The response was as immediate as it 
was typical. Prices at the main 
Shakespearean attractions, the hotels, 
the shops and the local tour companies 
would be slashed by 10 per cent 
throughout the season. There was, 
however, one vital provisa 

“To collect their special vouchers 
for the offer, visitors must first book 
into one of the town's hotels". Roger 
Thompson, chairman of the Shake- 
speare Country Association of Tourist 
Attractions, says. "You see the trick? 
Ifa visitor can be persuaded to stay 24 
hours in Stratfotd instead of getting off 

Empty seats: a change from last year, when 1-5 million people went in search of culture in Disneyland-opon-Avon 

Adventures of a 

a coach, having a quick look round 
off a; 

and beetling off again, everyone in the 
town gets the benefit". 

This is just the latest example of the 
ferocious marketing which has trans- 
lated a literary shrine into an annual 
£50 million one-man industry. Today 
Stratford-upon-Avon is a microcosm 
of everything that is good and bad in 
British tourism — a national business 
which directly employs 1.300.000 
people and is currently praying for 
deliverance from the shadow of 
Gadaffi reprisals. 

‘You could say we are 
glad he was born here 9 

Twenty years ago, there were 300 
three-star and above hotel bedrooms 
in Stratford. Now there are 900-Then 
there were 50.000 foreign tourists 
visiting the town in a year. Today 
there are —or, at least, there were — 1 .5 
million. Then there was one Royal 
Shakespeare Theatre and five Shake- 
spearean properties, such as his birth- 
place and Anne Hathaway’s cottage: 
Today there are three more RSC 
theatres— the Other Place, the Gallery 
and the Swan, which opened its doors 
at the end of last month — the World 
of Shakespeare centre, a motor muse- 
um, an arms and armour museum, a 
brass rubbing centre and a butterfly 
farm. Depending on your point of 
view, the place is either an Elizabethan 

The Birthplace for £19.95. the Shake- 
speare Hostelrie, the Old Tudor House 
Restaurant, the Garrick Inn. the 
Hathaway tea-rooms and Marlowe's 
Restaurant to the information centre. 

Offsetting this, the various Shake- 
spearean properties have been con- 
served tastefully, with minute 
attention to historic integrity. Marks 
and Spencer's hides behind a genuine 
Georgian fecade. McDonald's gladly 
abandoned its corporate colours — the 
only time it has done so in Britain. 
Ana. if a local planning requirement 
that no building shall be higher than 
the Royal Shakespeare Theatre might 
seem bizarre, it shows Stratford knows 
on which side its bread is buttered. 

True or false, genuine or hopeful, 
unique or commonplace, the selling of 
the greatest literary Englishman is 
conducted with unapologetic zeal “I 
think that you could say that we are 
pretty glad Shakespeare was horn 
here", Alan Courtney, secretary of the 
Stratford Marketing Group, admits. 

“Tourism is a highly professional 
and specialized business", Roger 
Thompson says. He Stratford 
to escape the London rat race 12 years 
ago, set up what is now the town's 
leading firm of tour operators and the 

Shakespeare Country Association of 
Tourist Attractions (SCAT A); invest- 
ed £50,000 of his own money in the 
Shakespeare Connection and became 
the architect of the region’s rise to 
boom-town status. 

None of that rise happened by 
accident. Every year SCATA prints 
and distributes half a million leaflets. 
At four-monthly intervals they are 
delivered to 200 tourist information 
centres throughout Britain. AU British 
Rail's London travel centres are 
inundated with them. And if any 
casual visitors get as far as the outer 
limits of Shakespeare Country they 
run into mountains of literature 

zinc cuttings, bears witness to the 
efficiency of his tactics. 

“ Ansleterre : passes voire week-end 
chez Shakespeare ", proclaims a Figaro 
headline. “Recordando a Shakespeare 
con Macbeth y Hamlet en Ingiaterra ", 
says Mexico's El Universe!. Other 
articles from Brazil. Japan, the Middle 
East South Africa, Spain and, of 
course, the US, shout the -same 
message. “There’s £15 million Worth 

of free publicity in that one folder 
alone”, Thompson says. 

Fe w people who saw her 
we-iild assume that Patrice 
Ci iaplin has led the life she 
has. Tall, dire and Monde 
wt th large blue eyes, her 
fd mires are childlike. Even in 
be r late 40s. her movements 
ha ve a jerky grace that makes 
-you feel shets flinching from 
so me anticipated Mow. Only 
wf hen she laughs do you begin 
tq wonder. 

j: Patrice Chaplin's laugh is a 
gf cai. booming sound that 
ufells np from the -stomach 
arid comes oat in a leonine 
rear. It is abandoned, bedo- . 
nf .Stic, greedy for life. It is the 
la ugh of the adventuress that 
site is. 

[: At 15, m the 1950s, Patrice 
nan away from an awful 
u lother and home in Albany 
F 'ark, in the suburbs qf Lon- 
don. Together with her. best 
iriend. Beryl, she set out for 
Paris. Spain and life, 
j, .“There was a lot of opti- 
mism around", she recalls. 
^Rationing bad gone, it was a 
.■time of expansiveness. It was 
;3n innocent time; you could 
■jget away with things". 

As two feckless, beautiful 
j ' Bohemians, Patrice and Beryl 
.’ got away with a lot. Thar 
adventures, which included 
nearly being arrested on the 
Spanish border with a carload 
of crooks, before winding up 
i m a Cocteau film, are chroni- 

Patrice Chaplin 

ran away from 

home at 15 and 

never looked 

back — until she 

wrote the story 

of her torrid life 

Patrice ChaptiK price to pay 

cled in Albany Park, the first 

instalment of her autobiogra- 
phy to be published next 

‘We distribute leaflets 
throughout the world 9 

A recent survey of the visitors’ book 
at Shakespeare's Birthplace in Henley 
Street proves his point .Of the 
minority of tourists who paused to-! 
sign the register in one year, 25,808* 
gave US addresses, 21,425 British.; 
4,590 Australian, 2.849 Canadian; 

“We don't have enough money to 
distribute our brochures abroad" 
Thompson says sadly, “so we concen- 
trate on getting everyone as they 
arrive". Thompson is a tireless master 
of the international Press and televi- 
sion interview and a rather dogreared 
file, all of three indies thick and 
crammed with newspaper and nutga- 

Disneyland or a jewel of authentic 
heritage set by a silver stream. 

... .. .. . . ... 

.-V 1 . U.’V .. 

Dismounting from the Shakespeare 
Connection, bus, which meets - rail 
visitors at Coventry, it is the 
Disneyland vision which strikes first. 
Starting at the World of Shakespeare, 
where a 25-minute video “gives an 
exciting insight into the life ofa young 
Will Shakespeare and the times of late 
T udor England", one may proceed via 
the Anne Tudor Ltd clothes shop.a 
shop offering tiny plaster models of 

Each paid £1.30 for admission. 

Thompson is not alone in spreadin 
the word. Robert Miller, genera 
manager of the luxurious Weicombe 
Hotel, now part of the Orient Express 
group, has recently returned from ah 
1 8-day tour ofTexas, Florida and New 
York, where he sold £20,000 worth cif 
bookings for next Christmas- “An d 
I've got the deposit money”, he addst 

Id the 10 years that she has bee n 
marketing manager of-rthe. Rjoytti 
Shakespeare Company, Gillian 
Ingham has played her part in the 
great sell by raising ticket safes from 1|7 


"But with 3,500 seats to till every 
night it isn’t at all like setting 
chocolates’*, she says. “We've nowgot 
33,000 people on our leaflet mailing 
list including 2,000 overseas, and we 
also distribute leaflets through. British. 
Tourist Authority offices throughout 
the world". Even the theatre restaui; 
rant manager, Val Mellini, has helped 
the effort by buying six bouses,, which 
he lets to theatre-goers as part of a, 
stopover package. 

A 1 Punch cartoon' holds pride o| ’ 

Tasteful: McDonald’s does its best to fit into the Stratford scene 

place in Alan Courtney’s office, 
shows a courier telling a coach grand 
outside Shakespeare’s Birthplace: 
“And this, ladies and gentlemen, is 
where the tourist trade was bora". U ij 
only just a joke. j 

he book is frill of 
freshness, incident and 
humour. Apart from 
the vivid descriptions of what 
it felt tike to be young in the 
1950s, the heart of Albany 
Park is about a love-affair. 
Both Beryl and Patrice, arriv- 
ing in the Spanish town of 
Gerona, fell in love with the 
same man. Jos& Tames. 
Patrice got him. 

“Gerona is a place of 
dreams, but people promote 
them at tremendous cost", 
says Patrice sadly. “Our 
meeting had a feeling of 
inevitability. I don’t think I 
could have escaped it It was 
a great dollop of magic, but 
we were happy at a great 

..During the year she spent 
in Gerona, however, Patrice 
made a" start to • her first 
career iha avant-garde writer t 
Jean Cocteau was indulging 
' in one of his forays into mm- 
making in the area, and 
offered her a part 

Then she returned to Lon- 
don, and studied at the Royal 
Academy of Dramatic Art 
Between lessons and the oc- 
casional stage appearance, 
she was a showgirl in Beak 
Street, Soho sleeping on a pile 
of rags belonging to a design- 
er who dressed Diana Dors 
and Rachel Roberts, and 
paying for the “bed” in the 
mornings by modelling for 
the designer. 

Later, she lived m a house 
in Gunter Grove, Chelsea, 
which was famous for its 
pretty girls who attracted 
many artists of the day — 
John Hoyiand, Lucian Freud, 

French pub or the Greek cafe 
in Old Compton Street 

There was a lot of banging 
around and giggling and pick- 
ing people up and being 
chatted up". 

he says: “The Sixties 
killed, off all: that, inno- 
cence they didn't 
promore good feelings, they 
were blowzy- and loud.- And 
the Seventies were a product 
of the Sixties. 1 think the 
reason everyone is rediscov- 
ering the 1950s is that kids 
now are into the same things 
we were". 

“They aren’t ashamed to 
say they don’t want sex, or do 
want to be a Catholic. They 
want to do what’s right rather 
than go with the group". 

Doing what probably 
seemed right at. the time, 
Patrice returned to Gerona, 
and Jose. She was no longer a 
child, and the two were 
engaged before she discov- 
ered he was having an affair. 
She went back to London. 

There she met actor Mi- 
chad Chaplin, son of Charlie. 
They -married, had two chil- 


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Our strikers evaporated, Brian 

Commentary on England's 
progress in Group F of the 
World Cup in Monterrey will 
be punctuated by not only the 
usual observations about 
“work-rate” and “hundred- 
miie-an-hour stuff* but afco a 
great deal of rather less well- 
informed observations con- 
cerning the awfulness of the 

This will be a change, as in 
the past when Mexico has 
hosted mayor sporting events 
tike the Olympic Games in 
1968 and the World Cup in 
1970, the effect of altitude 
rather than the weather has 
been a major preoccupation. 

The reason for the shift in 
emphasis is that Mexico City, 
at 7,500 ft, has attractive 
summer weather on a par with 
southern England whereas 
Monterrey, nearly 6,000ft low- 
er. is much hotter and more 
humid. These sticky condi- 

World Cup players ' will find that humidity 
is a fearsome opponf ait, says W.JJSurronglis 

common in Monterrey in late 
May and early June 
The discomfort index 

vides a direct measure of eur 
capacity to keep cooL Under 
normal conditions we loose 
beat to our surroundings by 
three physical processes — 
radiation, conduction and 
evaporation. Bui as the tem- 
perature rises' tfie first two 

tions will affect all the parti ri- 
pants to some degree. B ut 
teams which hail from oarf h- 
em temperate latitudes win 
find it hardest to adjust. 

Typical afternoon tempo ra- 
tines in Monterrey will be' in 
the high eighties twt could be 


I Torn (6) 

4 Receive (6) 

7 Knockout (4) 

8 Christening fS) 

9 Pitot lever (8j 

15 Bachelor of Laws 

16 Folk musk arranger 

17 Louse egg {3 J 
19 Naivety (8) 

24 Vny hungry (8) 

25 Horrible (4) 

26 VhC deficiency (6) 

27 Come op (6) 


1 Cnsp bread (4> 

2 Wealthy governor (9) 

3 Swn owing tS> 

4 Savoury jelly (5) 

5 Cut back (4) 

6 Corolla part (5) 

10 Pigpens (a 

11 Mecca robes (5) 

12 Whale food (S) 

13 Maintenatwe detail 

14 Tire skin (4) 

15 Twia into thread (4J 
18 Abraham's son (5> 

ACROSS: I Busker 5 Tuba 8 Re 
ftii IS Rakes Progress 27EPNS 
Stna . 23 Knot 24 tester 

3 Key 4 Regular incoroe 5 Trot 

ife n aBwSt mo5 Suoday MAssr 16 

20 Creamy whhe> (5) 
ii ^yptian g»va tnor 

22 Mock (41 

23 Fades (4) I- 

Lv 9 Grown-up II BedazzVe 13 
18 Unbroken 21 Lumbago K 22 



as high as 100°F or as low as 
80°F. But, ft is not the 
temperature alone that mat- 
ters, the real {tiller is likely to 
be the humidity. 

, The problem for those of us 
watching in bright and breezy 
England is 'to have a concept 
of. wfaat the conditions are 
really like: To anyone wild has 
nor been to the tropics, the 
combination of heat and hu- 
midity cannot easily be imag- 
ined. It is no good equating a 
heatwave in Britain when the 
temperature reaches (he upper 
eighties with what is common- 
place in Monterrey, as Britain 
never, have, high -relative hu- 
midity during such weather. 

_ The impact of the combina- 
tion of beat and humidity on 
human comfort has been stud- 
ied widely. In the United 
States these observations have 
been encapsulated in a dis- 
comfort index. This provides 
a scale of human discomfort, 
when taking no exercise. In 
which about 10 per cent of the 
populace is imeomfbrtabie be- 
fore the index passes 70, more 
than half after ft passes 75 and 
almost all at 80 or above 
The discomfort level of 75 is 
rarely, ■ if ever, reached in 
London even in the most 
extreme, heatwaves. By con- 

tra portant and 

the body has to rely on 
evaporation to prevent 

Even under normal British 
conditions footballers, or any- 
one else taking vigorous exer- 
cisewill lose some 75 per cent 
of the energy they generate by 
evaporation. At high tempera- 
tures this process becomes 
even more dominant, but with 
high humidity it cannot work 
efficiently. Failure to dissipate 
the heat generate by exercise 
can have dire consequences. 

The initial reaction to heat 
is dilation of the. blood vessels 
in -the skin, dilution of the 
blood,- decreased muscle tone, 
lassitude and sweating. But 

once the perspiration starts 
dripping off the process be- 

trast the figure of 80, which is 

reached atSS^F with a, relative 
humidity of 65 per cent. Is 

comes ineffecient and does 
not produce the required cool- 
ing effect.. The consequent 
dehydration, overheating and 
kiss of salt soon leads to the 
wdQ known effects of heat 
exhaustion — dizziness; nau-. 
sea, feinting and cramps. 

Given enough time. . the 
body can become 'partly accli- 
matizes to heat aim humidity. 
In the shorter term,- the effects 
can be reduced by drinking 
lots of fluids increasing salt 
consumption and avoiding 
aJcohoL But, even sawhrait 
comes to playings football- in 
Monterrey economy of effort 
will be essential. 

So the England team need to 
take a leaf out of the Brazdian 
book A ' lazy languid style 
where the hall does tfie work 
will . probably , prove - most 

drett and were happy. Then, 
in 1966. they went to Spain. 
Patrice deliberately avoided 
Gerona, but by a twist of fete 
their car broke down in & 
CaJeHa. And there, leaning 
against a wall, was Jose. 

“He has this tremendous, 
devastating charm", she 
muses. “When he looks at 
you. yott see a real honing-up 
in his eyes, a caressing look. 

It's quite rare — Roy Schekkr 
(a dose friend) has it, and so 
do Jewish men. but not 

“ft's not just me he has this 
effect on. His wife bought 
him. People want to own 
Mm, because be brightens up 
their lives. But you can't buy 
the sun. She paid very high, 
the wife. She paid with 
herself. 2 paid with four lost p 
loves. I still love Michael; if 
you have that feeling about 
someone, it never goes." 




Tim Behrens, Craigie 
Aitcheson. “Groups lived in 
houses for free, o t very lit tie 
rent. As long as you were 
artistic, ft was OK. I shared a 
house with Lindsay Kemp in 
Chelsea. You didn’t realize at 
the time that all these people 
would be famous". . 

Soho then, . like Chelsea, 
was a village for the Bohemi- 
an. Patrice, and Beryl would 
come up by train to Charing 
Cross, putting on..more and 
more make-up. ’Then walk to 
Cy Laurie's in Windmill 
Street ...or go to Chris 
Barber's in Leicester Square 
or the 100 Oub in Oxford. 

During the music breaks 
we'd have a drink at the 

H er renewed affair with 
Jose broke up Patrice's 
marriage, as it bad bis. 

She filled the gaps in her life 
with work, she started^ 'writing 
novels. AU of seven of her 
books to dale have had film 
options taken out on them. 

The idea of writing her autobi- 
ography did not occur "until 
three people - Richard Cobb, 

Jill Tweedie and Anna 
Haycraft (Alice Thomas Bits) 

— phis a large advance from 
Heinemann persuaded me". L 

She now spends half the 
year in her small Hampstead 
house, and half in Holly- 
wood. There. “I play back- 
gammon a Jot" she says, 
grinning wickedly. ' 

She is still friends with 
Jose, although they are no 
longer lovers. “Latin men see 
foreigners as being different 
They do things with foreign 
women they wouldn't dream 
of doing with their own. They 
wouldn't put np with it" ’ she 
says as a warning to those 
who take romantic novels too 
seriously. • 

“Tm a romantic yes, but 

I'm not sentimental at all. I'm 

cynical and romantic. That's 

why I don't stay in Holly- 
tod — { think perhaps it's 

wood r r _ 

another dream, and if Ltest it 
too hard I might ruin it 
Writers always say they don't 
want to write; they wait to 
live. But living is unsatisfac- 
tory. In the^end, the greatest 
adventure is writing a book." 

Amanda Craig 

Albany Paric is published by 
Heinemann on May 27 at 

1 ^nu,. 

r.K '5 






Who would be a ballet d^cel^lSfoden^ about a demanding art 



M ichael Clark - 
dancer, choreogra- 
pher and punkish 
enfant terrible of 
British ballet — . opens this 
year’s Channel 4 dance season 
tonighL Together with his 
usual entourage of dancers 
and eccentrics, he is the star of 
Hail the New Puritan , a film 
by Charles Atlas. It is a record 
of the vivid Clark style: a way 
of working and living which 
combines strict classical dance 
with the pounding music and 
outrageous clothes of contem- 
porary youth culture. 

Clark is one of the more 
colourful products of the Roy- 
al Ballet School He joined 
when he was 13, after years of 
dance classes in Aberdeen. 
Now, at 23, he has achieved 
considerable popularity or no- 
toriety (depending oq . your 
point of viewX reaching audi- 
ences hitherto untouched by 
ballet Will his example entice 
more into the profession? 

If so, they and their parents 
should know that it is impor- 
tant to start by joining a local 
class preferably no later than 
their tenth birthday. That 
should eventually show 
whether it is worth audition- 
ing for one of the vocational 
schools. Youngest age for 
acceptance into these is 10 or 
1 1. and competition is stiff. 

Fees vary: the Bush Davies 
School in East Grjnstead, for 
example, charges £1,490 a 
term for boarders under 16, 
£1,535 for those over. A 
number of pupils are eligible 
for grants from local authori- 
ties to cover at least some of 
the costs. The Royal Ballet 
School is exceptional because 
the Department of Education 
and Science pays a proportion 
of the fees, according to 
parental income. But foreign 
students, or those who enteral 
the Upper School level (16 
and older), have to rely on 

their own resources_or grants. 

The RBS supplies the Royal 
Ballet with—' virtually , all its 
dancers and is the hardest to 
getirno JEhe Lo^erJ^hqol^at 

white Lodge in Richmond 
Paris,; has on average 400 
applicants every year and an 
intake of about 50, a third of 
them boys. Only a few of those 
accepted survive all the way to 
the final year of the Upper 
School in Baron's Court, west 
London, and even fewer gain 
entry into the Royal Ballet 
Other schools do not oper- 
ate the same rigorous elimina- 
tion process, but the rhan res 
of their graduates getting into 
a classical company are slim- 
mer. They consequently offer 
a broader training than the 
RBS, with courses in tap 
dance, for instance, and dra- 
ma — useful for finding work 
in variety shows or musicals. 
Most schools also set great 
store by good academic stan- 
dards, as something for stu- 
dents to fall back on, although 
even budding megastars 
should not throw away their 
books. “You have to be 
cultured to make it as a top 
dancerP, says Merle. Park, the 
Royal Ballet's senior ballerina 
and director of the school 

I n order to fit in all the 
culture, students have a 
longer day than at normal 
schools and may have to 
give up part of Saturday.' Are 
they under excessive pressure 
to succeed? 1 :Alfreria 
Thorogood, a; former. .Royal 
Ballet dancer who is- .now 
deputy principal of.the Bush 
Davies School; has not come 
across a nervous breakdown 
yet “Sometimes children do 
get overwrought when they 
have academic and dance 
exams at the same time. But 
we've always been able to sort 
the problems out", she says. 

Catherine Becque, a ; mem- 
ber of Ballet Rambert, enjoyed 
her time at the London brapch 
of (he Arts' Educational 
School. “You have to be syxp, 
though, that you really want to 
do it You have. to-understand 
that you heed to work lord 
and that you still might not gel 
a job at the end". 

A s a Royal BaUet prin- 
cipal, Ashley Page is 
at the peak of his 
profession, but he 
has painful memories of 
White Lodge. “Some children 
were there because their par- 
ents wanted it. I was like that 
1 started in a class of 12-yeai- 
olds and felt I didn't belong, ft 
was only when ( got to the 
Upper. School that I stopped 
fe&ing depressed and started 
concentrating bn - my work. 
I'm dad now that l stuck it 
but! I'm the only one of those 
White Lodge 1 2 r year-olds to 
have got into the company". 

Catherine Becque and Ash- 
ley Page belong to the' elite, 
enjoying the regular salaries 
and companionship of compa- 
ny life. They can hope to 
survive on stage until their 
late-30s - or longer, with luck. 
For those on the outside, in 
commercial theatre for exam- 
ple, the world is a colder, 
lonelier, more precarious 
place. Graham Fletcher, who 
was also a Royal Ballet princi- 
pal and is-' now the lead in 
Cats, is- able to contrast the 
two existences: “In the Royal 
Ballet a ehoreopapher might 
decide not to -use ■ you; but 
you’re - still -employed You 
just have/a cry- add- -carry bn 
earning money every week. In 
commercial theatre you have 
to audition at 10.30' in the 
morning and show the chore- 
ographer what you're capable 
of. If you don’t then you don’t 
work, you don’t' earn. There is 
no security at alT. 

<' i.'* -"••• 

Lucy Fletcher 

Lacy Fletcher was fed on milk 
and bailee from the moment 
she was born. Her (lather is 
Graham Fletcher, her mother 
used to dance -with the Royal 
Ballet as Snzanna Raymond 
and now runs a ballet school in 
Teddiogton, London. Only 
Lucy's 10-year-oW brother 
Toby seems to have escaped 
the bog {“dancers — ugh!"), 
although his mother says that 
he loves watching his father on 

stage — and Lncy too, when 
she performs in the school 

Lucy joined the Bosh Davies 
School two years ago, when 
she was 1 1, at the same time as 
the school’s move to coeduca- 
tion. Like many of her fellow 
pupils (35 boys, 314 girls), she 
gets a grant — in bar case, a 
borough, council grant that 
pays all her tuition fees, but 
not her board at school. Her 
uniform and dance kits are 
another parental extra (as at 
other , schools) and - because 
Lacy is still growing, as well as 
braining in a wide range of 
dance styles which each re- 
quire a different pair of shoes 
— the cost mounts up. 

The curriculum at Bash 
Davies is intensive, with class- 
es in music and drama, besides 
normal school subjects. The 
aim is to' have pupils leaving 
with seven O levels, although 
some go on to do two A levels. 
Lacy's classes begin at 
8L45 am and grid af 4 30 pih or 
later, after which she does -her 
homework.. Bnt as everything 
is under the same roof she does 
not have, to waste time or 
energy travelling. “AD Lucy 
has to do at the end of the day 
is jump into her pyjamas’*, her 
mother says. 

Both mother and danghter 
are thrilled with the school 
although they miss each other 
terribly. Sazama Fletcher, 
who is divorced from Lucy's 
father, _ confesses to feettng 
very emotional when they have 
tosay goodbye:. “Lneyis much ; 
more sensible than I am". But 
pnpils are allowed to spend 
some weekends at home, . 

Lacy wants to foDow inker ' 
father’s footsteps: “1 hope to 
get Into a company and then 
work In some musicals." 

Breeding will out: Lacy Fletcher’s mother, Snzanna, was once with the Royal Ballet 

Her mother is mostly on her 
side. “It’s a wonderful life", 
she says, “bat yon have to 
wijoy tiie. work". Her father 
sounds more doubtful: "I’m all 
for it, if Lucy's going to make 
it to tiie top. Otherwise it's 
frightening when you see what, 
happens to other' kids who' 
have to find work in regional 
tinsel-shows and can’t rely on 
a permanent income". 

Have leaps, will travel Phffip Mosley has danced as an exchange student in Peking 

Philip Mosley 

Philip Mosley, one of a family 
of seven children living near 
Barnsley, Yorkshire, started 
dance classes at the age of 
three, because his elder sister 
went. Now 18, Philip has 
reached bis final year at the 
Royal Ballet School There are 
three boy’s left in his class (out 
of the nine who originally 
entered the Upper School) and 
he is one of two “graduate” 
boys, with a good chance of 
getting into the company. He 
has performed at Covent Gar- 
den and Sadler’s Wells with 
the school and appeared on 
television. Last year he went to 
Peking on exchange. 

His parents. Albert^ and 
Margaret, are behind him in 
his choice of career. “We’ve 

been down to London every 
time Philip has performed on 
stage”, his totber says. “I 
certainly know mere ; about 
ballet now than I -did": 

Albert Mosley works as a 
plumbing supervisor. He 
doesn't pay Philip's tmtion 
fees, but he does have to help 
with firing expenses. The 
Upper School is Don-residen- 
tial so that since transferring 
there at 16 Philip has lived in 
lodgings. He takes some of his 
washing to the launderette and 
the rest to his mother when he 
goes home for weekends. He 
cooks bis own meals to keep 
costs down: “ Yon have to eat 
properly". Merle Park says 
that dancers need to be eight 
or 10 pounds below average, “ 
but anyone who gets too thin is 
sent borne to put ou weight". 

Philip has had to cope with 

injury, -a special hazard for 
growing boys whose muscles 
.are not yet strong em>ogiu-“It’s 
depressing: you have to watch 
everyone . ..else jumping 
around." He enjoys . j . the 
school's . atmosphere: cosmo- 
politan (his best friend is 
Italian) and yet .dose-knit - 
“there’s very little bitchiness". 
Some of the studios are also 
used by the company, so 
students mb shoulders with 
the dancers they admire. 

Philip has three CSEs and 
will not be taking any more 
academic exams, although 
some people do A levels. His 
day begins with a warm-up 
session before dass at 9am. 
Then might come a class in pas 
de dto»'(pmineifo^-or reper- 
toire (learning roles). On Sat- 

' urdays there ? another class 
in the' morning, with afternoon. 

Vanessa Launchbmry and her parents, Colin and Irene 

Vanessa Launchbury 

Pale, and delicate, Vanessa 
Launchbury is a striking 10- 
year-old, the proud owner of 
wavy, ash-blond hair which is 
long enough, to . sit on. Al- 
though she has only been at 
the Arts Educational School in 
Tring, Hertfordshire, for one 
year, she is already a seasoned 
performer who has appeared 
in Monte Carlo, London and 
the provinces in the Festival 
Ballet's productions of Les 
Sylphides and Coppelia. 

The weeks during the Lon- 
don season were particularly 
hectic, consumed by rehears- 
als and performances. 
Vanessa and her mother did 
not get to bed until well after 
midnight, because they were 
commuting daily from their 
home hi Bedfordshire (nor- 
mally, Vanessa boards at 
school). Being a part-time 
teacher, Irene Launchbury 
had to find someone to replace 
her at work. Did Vanessa 
suffer from stage fright? “I 
think she did, although it 
looked more like excitement 1 
definitely did". 

Vanessa started ballet les- 
sons by chance, when she was 
seven, along with her two 
sisters, Tracy (7) and Lonise 
(12). No me in the family had 
seen a ballet performance, but 
they have since become fervent 
converts. Vanessa’s father, 
Colin, is a chief technician 

with the RAF, which means 
that the family is constantly 
moving house. To safeguard 
their children's education the 
original plan, had been to send 
all three to the same board ing- 
scbooL Bat Vanessa kept np 
.her ballet lessons and. woo 
several medals. “So we audi- 
tioned her here". Cotin 
Launchbury says, “because we 
felt we should give her the 

Vanessa was one of the 350 
or so children of all ages who 
compete for the 60 places 
available each year. The 
school has 316 pup 3s (all 
girls), roughly a quarter of 
whom manage to obtain local 
authority grants. Vanessa's 
father, however, gets an allow- 
ance from the RAF to pay 
school fees, although he finds 
he has to top op the amount 

The building where Vanessa 
lives and learns is a former 
Rothschild family mansion, 
with beautiful oak-panelling, 
marble floors and parkland. 
Her mornings are devoted to 
dance, the afternoons to aca- 
demic subjects. At firsl she 
missed her parents a lot but 
now the number of letters 
home has tailed off, so things 
are presumably better. Her 
ambition is simple: “I want to 
be a ballet star", although she 
does not , though, seem to have 
any illusions about it being an 
easy fife. 

a price 
on life 


From David Holbrook, 
Denmore Lodge. Brunswick 
Gardens. Cambridge. 

I found the Wand chatty tone 
of SaJly Broropion's article on 
-abortion (Wednesday- -Page, 
May 14), deeply -disturbing, 
displaying as it did a profound 
moral insensitivity. 

However one looks ar it, pn 
abortion involves the destruc- 
tion of a defenceless living 
human being. Was it the 
intention when abortion was 
legalized, that it should be 
used for mere convenience, 
when a life seemed likely to 
interfere with a woman's con- 
venience and career? Or to be 
resorted to when, say, a rela- 
tionship cooled off? 

The implication must surely 
extend to other circumstances 
in life, in which people might 
■be seen to stand in one's way — 
a child ohe . dislikes, ' or a 
partner who $u fferslrom some 
demanding disease, ' say, or 
senile parents. 

And then there is' counsel- 
ling. Suppose the feelings of 
nihilism a woman feels after 
an abortion arise from her 
conscience? Must not counsel- 
ling be completely authentic if 
it is to be justified? If, say, a 
woman has destroyed a life in 
order to live in terms of pure 
egoism, believing that every- 
thing that stands in the way of 
her happiness should be elimi- 
nated, then shall counselling 
falsify and reconcile her to her 

Suppose, where senile par- 
ents are concerned, euthanasia 
is the next solution to appear 
. on the scene, shall, we nave 
“counselling" to allay natural 
.doubts abopt that?- • 

Something is surely serious- 
Jy missing from the debate^ 
some sense of responsibility to 
life — which is in its absence 
deeply undermining the moral 
life of society. May I add that 1 
am not a Christian. 

Wake up 

From Sarah Rae, Bark . 
Village East, London ... 1 . 

Feter Brown describes firs 
..chaotic attempts to get. two 
children and himself up in' the 
morning in Firer Person tMay 
14) and concludes by asking 
“where did I go wrong?” when 
he fails to get his six-vear-ofti 
to school on time. 

As a full-time hospital doc- 
tor with two daughters under 
18 months (not twins!) rJ 
couldn't even contemplate 
working without the help of a 
nanny, so I would like to make 
one simple suggestion to him. 

' He should start to manage 
his nanny more effectively; -if 
she got the baby up m the 
morning he would have a bit 
more time with his six-year- 
old who would probably then 
slop exhibiting such attention 
seeking behaviour as thump- 
ing him in the groin and 
saying he is too ill to go to 
school! With a little encour- 
agement she may even iron his 
shins for him! 

There must be nothing 
more irksome for a good- 
nanny than children made' 
irritable by harassed parents^ I 
rather sympathize with UlS-„ 
teachers who gave Mr Brown’ 
looks of contempt when he. 
finally delivered four children! 
including his own to school 


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The way, the truth mid the light 

Has Habitat denied its moral creed, 

and finally been guilty of bad taste? 

Part of the Habitat mystique is 
that its shops are not there to 
sell. At leasi if they are, why 
do its young, grey-suited and 
skirled assistants loaf about 
sneering at anything resem- 
bling a customer? No, 
Habitat’s (unction has always 
been to improve us — we Shop 
there for our own-good. . 

Like so much else boro of 
ihe Sixties it began as a sort of 
crusade: Terence -Conran 
wished to rid the world of bad 
design, to simplify, brighter 
and unclutter our lives. This 

was not simply a matter of 
taste, it was a matter of ethical 
urgency. Bad design _ — a 
particularly English crime - 
was evil and must be 

It is possible to see this as 
either wonderful futile — 

or profoundly daft It repre- 
sents a confusion of marketing 
aims, aesthetics and morals 
which in the long run, the 
cynic might say, is just anoth- 
er way of flogging furniture. It 
was Only a matter of time 
before Habitat, the . Sixties 
radical, became* . .the 
Waring & Gillow of. the. next 
decade. .' 

Well we are. now well info 
the Eighties, and the moral 
armour of Habitat seems in- 

Yet, unnoticed, a crack has 
appeared in the moral edifice. 
A product has slipped into the 
Habitat catalogue which 
shows either that even Sir 
Terence occasionally nods or 
that the purity of the Habitat 
ideology has been abandoned. 
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Habftat’s tunp:fm> or kitsch? 
number . N350303, . it .costs . 
£49.95 and it is known as the 
Hollywood FIoorfighL 
At the heart of the Habitat 
creed is the- notion of 
“honesty" in design. A reac- 
tion to the heavy, decorated 
furniture of the pasi this 
means that products should be 
efficient realizations of their 
function. Habitat stood for a 
sort of cleanliness of appear- 
ance, a certain logic. So, 
although decoration would be 
admitted, it would always 
tend towards the design ideal 
of simplicity and clarity. And 
| certainly . there _ could_be_ no . 
question of disguising a prod- 
uct -as soTTrething elser -‘thar 
would smack: too much of 
pretending" the stereo was a 
Chippendale sideboard. 

Until N350303, that is, -For 
this is a Habitat design that 
pretends to be a film light- It 
has adjustable flaps and a 
black' cylinder decorated with 
little perforated blips. 

It «, says Habilal a “fun" 

; /s r 

light and there were reserva- 
tions about slocking it primar- 
ily because £49.95 seemed 
rather a lot for such a jeu 
d esprit. Designed by Max 
Meier, from Switzerland, 
around 9,000 have been sold 
in the UK, possibly 25.000 

There are other Habitat 
lines which look like things — 
a toast-rack that looks like a 
Hovis loaf or a wall-box that 
looks like a' heart — but these 
remain within the realm of 
acceptable decoration and wit. 
Bread doesn’t work as a toasi- 
rack and heart? cannot func- 
tion as wall-boxes, so these are 
references - not disguises. 
Meier's little conceit really 
does pretend to be a film light. 

As such it has entered the 
divine realm of kitsch. Noth- 
ing wrong with thai of course. 
Many would defend it by 
saying that Habitat is simply 
following the move towards 
the post-modern. This, in 
essence, means the abandon- 
ment of pure modernist design 
ideals in favour of a more 
varied, celebratory and repre- 
sentational approach. 

. It is. nevertheless, a chink, a 
little, unconscious homage to 
people’s frequent need to slip 
Into the other taste, the kind 
that once would have earned 
the epithet “bad". And h may 
mark the beginning of 
Habitat’s final metamorpho- 
sis from a way of life into just 
another furniture store. 

Bryan Appleyard 

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Wiring up 
the Rock 

The spectre of Colonel Gadaffi 
seems to have spurred the Min- 
istry of Defence into action on 
Gibraltar, which was cited by the 
Libyan leader as a possible target 
because of Britain's complicity in 
the US air strike. Gib's notori- 
ously short airport runway has 
now been equipped with' mobile 
arrester wires of tbe type usually 
deployed on aircraft carriers to aid 
the landing of high-speed jets. 
Military experts say this equip- 
ment would provide additional 
.safety for combat aircraft landing 
there, especially Phantoms. At the 
same time security controls on 
civilian passengers, including 
body searches, have been stepped 
up. The MoD, never the most 
forthcoming of government dep- 
artments. refuses to discuss the 
thinking behind tbe moves. 

Pace campaign 

Monsignor Bruce Kent is about to 
do a Botham. At the end of June 
the vice-president of CND begins 
a sponsored trek — 450 miles 
from the Polaris submarine base 
at Faslane in Scotland to the Royal 
Ordnance factory at Burghfield in 
Berkshire — to raise money for 
CND and War on Want. He hopes 
to complete the course on August 
6 — Hiroshima Day — but those 
who have spotted him jogging in 
Hyde Plark say he will have to put 
in a lot more practice if he is to 
bowl along at the Botham rate. 

Whoever follows Sir Keith Joseph 
into the hot seat of Education 
Secretary will receive one big 
consolation prize: he will find it 
relatively easy to wring more 
money out of the Chancellor. 

Since Sir Keith became Sec- 
retary of Slate almost five years 
ago, overall spending on the 
education service has been cut in 
real terms by ) per cent a year. 
Pupil numbers have indeed alien, 
as the government has tried to 
remind us, but education's share 
of all public spending has shrunk 
by more than one tenth and this 
has taken its toll on the schools. 

As Her Majesty's Inspectors 
have pointed out in successive 
annual expenditure surveys (the 
latest is published today) this is 
having a serious effect on what 
schools can provide for children, 
particularly in some shire counties 
where careful husbandry of re- 
sources has meant that education 
has been cut to the bone. 

A new Education Secretary is 
therefore more likely to get at least 
some of tbe money bis department 
wants. Sir Keith has certainly 
shown the way in the last few days 
by winning Cabinet agreement for 
no further reduction in the 
universities' budgets after the 
current round of cuts, to be 
announced today. 

None of this, however, means 
that a new Education Secretary 
will not, or should not, continue 
with Sir Keith's campaign to 
cajole the local education authori- 
ties into better management of 
their schools. Sir Keith is fond of 
pointing out Lhat huge sums are 
wasted by councils' inability to 
merge schools in line with falling 
pupil numbers. 

His successor will have to 
maintain the momentum set by 
Sir Keith on all fronts, and this 

Lacy Hodges on the essential quality 
needed by Joseph’s successor 

Schools: how 
the new boy 
can do better 


not be easy. He must also 
consolidate die big reforms set in 
train: the replacement of O levels 
and CSE with the new GG5E 
examination; the attempt to de- 
fine what is taught in schools a 
tightening of teacher training; 
appraisal of teachers' perfor- 
mance, and greater powers for 
parents through school governing 

Once he has mastered his brief, 
be will certainly want to produce 
some policies of his own. He will 
not lack advice from those within 
the Tory party and outside. Be- 
cause education has now become a 
top priority for Mrs Thatcher, he 
will be under enormous pressure 
to come up with some ideas for 
raising standards in schools. 

This is at the heart of the current 
debate; how to raise the attain- 
ments of the average and below 
average children which compare 
unfavourably, for example, with 
those in West Germany; how to 
motivate children to want to leant 
and give them something to show 
for their efforts; and how to give 
them an education and training 

which equips them for adult life. 
He will have to reconcile the 
apparently conflicting interests of 
a government, which wants an 
education system ' to serve . the 
country well and parents, sus- 
picious of too many compulsory 
lessons on technology. . 

This is enough to keep a new 
Education Secretary going for 
years. Unfortunately the new man 
will have little more than 18 
months before a general election 
puts his policies to tbe test That 
makes it virtually impossible for 
him to adopt some of the more 
fancifel ideas of those on the right 
of tbe party, such as education 
vouchers, which would throw the 
whole system into turmoil as 
schools were run down or built up 
in response to parental choice. 

He could press ahead with Sir 
Keith's idea for direct grant 
primary schools or with a network 
of “crown" schools forchfldren in 
mban areas, which would he 
direct grant , schools in another 
guise: But these will take time to 
realize and could provoke a 
political outcry of the kind the 

government mifefat prefer to avoid. 

His most likely . options are 
more modest; lo go for, aa cxxei^ 
sion of technical and vo^tional 
education in schools, junofia by f 
the Manpower Services Commis- 
sion, which means further oenteaL 
control of education; and an 
extension of the use- of specific 
grants which would enable him to 
target money on pet prefects. 
Again this would increase control 
by the centre. . ■ ’• 

The Department of Education 
and Science is known to want to 
fund polytechnics fey means of 
specific giants, ins t ead of funnel- 
ling money through the local 
authorities, as at present. This is 
one idea Sir Keith's successor 
could pick up. 

. He might also, take a tougher 
' line with die universities* which, 
despite their protests over govern- 
ment cuts, are remarkably com- 
placent about -what they do and 
the way they do it As- Getnge 
Walden, the minister, in cbaigfcof 
higher educati on, has commented, 
the typical reaction of a university 
vice-chancellor is to say: ’^There's 
nothing wrong and we are putting 
it right." Universities could use- 
fully develop systems for apprais- 
ing the performance of lecturers 
and salary structures. 

Above all, the new Education 
Secretary will have to have sen- 
sitive political antennae. Sir 
Keith's great fading has been his 
failure to operate as a politician. 
His successor will need all the 
qualities of character and persua- 
sion he can muster to convince the 
- teachers that he cares about them 
.but flunks they could improve; 
and the Conservative Party and 
parents that he understands their 
concerns. . 

The author is education correspon- 
dent o/The Tunes. 

Alastair Brett 

Off the list 

Britain's newest arts and listings 
magazine. Review, has foundered 
after only four weekly issues. It 
was started with around £250,000 
working capital but ran into cash 
problems after failing to meet its 
target for advertising revenue. 
Publication will resume only if 
about £700.000 can be raised. 

• After White House press 
spokesman Larry Speakes, I give 
yon the spokesman of the Soviet 
State Committee for Environ- 
mental Control: Yuri Sedunov. 

All’s fair 

Conservative Central Office has 
been taking a fine-tooth comb to 
Labour's rather successful Free- 
dom and Fairness campaign. The 
new image, contrasting sharply 
.with many of Labour's local 
government manifestos, is reck- 
oned to have cost close to 
£400,000, as opposed to " the 
£100,000 that Labour claims. 
None the less, so impressed is the 
Toiy HQ that 1 gather it may take 
a few of the ideas on board come 
the next local elections. Given tbis 
month's results, such a ploy could 
do it little harm. 

Above board 

The ever-vigtiant network of Cabi- 
net bodyguards must find Sir 
Keith Joseph a trial. The Educa- 
tion Secretary, who hates their 
claustrophobic presence, horrified 
Special Branch recently when he 
announced his travelling arrange- 
ments for the Tory local govern- 
ment conference: by underground 
to Wembley and then a leisurely 
stroll along Wembley Park Road 
to the conference centre. Not on 
your life, was the response; given 
the feelings of some teachers, the 
strongarm squad did not want to 
run the risk of the next incumbent 
taking office sooner than expected. 


‘1 got lost driving around 
South London, but fomraatdy 
I tamped into Fergie' 

Cost plus 

Lord Hailsham is costing the 
country even more money than 
my colleague Alastair Brett (see 
top right comer) is aware of. A few 
days ago, delivering the judgment 
of the House of Lords in a case in 
which their Lordships reversed 
the effect of a judicial pronounce- 
[ mem last year, he turned over two 
pages at once and omitted the 
question of who pays the costs. 
The case has been relisted for 
tomorrow so that a solemn 
pronouncement on this one point 
can be made. And who will foot 
the bill for this? I'm prepared to 
bet it won’t be Lord H. 

Block note 

A former Lord Chancellor, Lord 
3wyn-Jones, has meanwhile been 
Teminding peers that beheading 
emains the official penalty for 
murdering the incumbent. He 
supplied this nugget of informa- 
ion during discussion of an 
intendment to the Armed Faroes 
Jill — subsequently rejected — 
hat the death penalty for service- 
men be abolished. Lord Elwyn- 
lones said that during his tenure 
ie had drawn little comfort from 
he existence of the penalty. What 
.ord Hailsham thinks 1 know not. 

Last week, an actor — an actor — 
was invited, on a public occasion, 
to express an opinion on a matter 
which involved political con- 
troversy, and refused to do so. 
Later, asked to explain his refusal, 
be said these memorable words: “1 
have strong political views, but 1 
like to keep them to myself." 

It can do no harm, and may do 
some good, to name this hero: be 
is Mr Paul Eddington, whose 
lame, as one of the two stare of 
Yes. Minister, should not be 
allowed to obscure the fact that be 
is a very good actor. It is not, 
however, for his talent that 1 come 
to praise him today, but for his 

I do not know when, or how, the 
custom of regarding actors and 
actresses as political sages began; I 
suspect that it coincided with the 
rise of television to its now 
dominant place in entertainment 
Before that, most stage actors were 
known to a minority only, and 
film ones were remote beings from 
another planet; when actors began 
to be found nightly in the homes 
of many millions, the line between 
illusion and reality began to blur, 
and for many it has now entirely 

That does not in itself explain 
why, even if the public have come 
to believe that actors and actresses 
are real people, their political 
opinions should be eagerly can- 
vassed and readily disseminated, 
let alone heeded. Mind, I have no 
objection to their views on politi- 
cal matters being expressed, an 
actor has as much right to sound 
off on site-value taxation, bond- 
washing, regional policy and 
South Atlantic fishing rights as 
anyone else. But no one is obliged 
to listen; how does it come about 
that so many apparently do? 

Possibly it is an illusion; like the 
players themselves, and for all the 
attention paid by the journalists 
and broadcasters, nobody outside 
tbe ranks of Vanessa's loonies 
and similar groups of groupies (see 
Macbeth's speech beginning “Ca- 
morra, and camorra, and cam- 
orra”) takes the slightest notice. 1 
would like to think so, but 
presumably the attention paid to 
the mummers' opinions by tbe 
media m ust to some extent at least 
reflect the interests of the readers 
and viewers and listeners. 

And it is worse than that; 
political parties, not all of them 
possessed by the belief that the 
world is flat and the moon made 
of green cheese, have taken to 
engaging performers for their 
party political broadcasts and 
election meetings, and these are 
expected not to sing or dance or 
juggle, or to speak the speech 
trippingly upon the tongue, but to 
express their political opinions 
and urge their audiences to adopt 
the same. Even the Tories, who 
would normally be expected to 
avoid such factitious shenanigans, 
once put up Jimmy Edwards for 
Parliament, as though there 

Bernard Levin 

Miming and 
strutting upon 

candlestick-maker. If he were not 
a familiar figure on the screen he 
would never have received the 
invitation, as is dearly dem- 
onstrated by the fact that no such 
invitation goes to the butcher, the 
baker or tne candlestick-maker. 

But that brings me.back to tbe 
first and most interesting ques- 
tion; how did we get to the point 
where the political opinions of 
actors and actresses began to be 
thought of intrinsic interert? Prac- 
tically all their expressions of 
political opinion, after ail, whether 
on .Television. talk-shows . or in 
newspaper interviews, are ofa 
stunning banality, couched in 
language so stale,' weary and 
unprofitable that I would almost 
rather at through a new play by 
David Hare. Yet they are deferred 
to, praised for the oogency and 
incisiveness of their views, and 
confidently — perhaps even right- 
ly — expected to have influence. 
(So, as a matter of fact, is David 
Hare, and playwrights modi 
worse than an, too. But that, 
though an even more grisly sub- 
ject* -cannot- be dealt with- today.) 

I do not .wish, though tempta- 
tion is strong in me, to go-back to 
the day$ T wben actetv.who go^ 
above themselves were .Sable- to 
have their. ears cut; off and to be 
whipped through the streets at the 
cart’s tail (Mind you, I could 
name a few whose' acting -would 
probably be improved by such 
treatment) But I have begun to 
despair of ever again finding an 
actor or actress who has even read, 
let alone understood and commit- 
ted to memory, Hamlet’s advice: 

A month after his confrontation 
with the Bar over higher legal aid 
fees. Lord Hailsham, the Lord 
Chancellor, must' be 'wondering 
how to finance a system in crisis. 
The Bar is claiming an increase of 
between 30 and 40 .per cent in- 
criminal legal aid fora, the duty 
solicitor scheme is a shambles, 
and the cost to the state of our 

- cumbersome and. expensive legal 

.system creeps towards ‘£500 mil- 
lion a year! ■' . A 

' Thfir financial 1 crisis is almost 

- entirely oftheLord Chancellor's 

. CMU^aarb^paying some law- 
: yers more without making justice 
even more expensive and inacces- 
sible should force him to face op to 
the chronic overmanning of a self- 
indulgent and split profession. 

A good starting point is a speech 
by Sir John Donaldson, Master of 
the Rolls, in which he said that the 
procedure- of our civil conns was 
“too slow, too technical and too 

Sr John's main point was that 
while the state had a dear duty to 
bear tbe cost of maintaining 
criminal courts, it seemed “gen- 
erous to a fault” that the taxpayer 
should have to foot tbe£8004-day 
bill of providing- litigants with a 
High Chart judge, court officials 
and a heated court room in which 
to sort out their civil disputes. He 
quoted the example of one case 
between two oil companies squab- 
bling over a £3 million claim 
which lasted 60 days and cost the 
public purse more than £50,000. 

The College of Judges, and the 
Lord Chancellor, should now give 
careful thought to changing the 
system so that wealthy litigants 
and companies would pay op to 
tbe full cost of court hearings for 
sorting out tbeir disputes. After 
all, ft seems wholly illogical that 
tbe taxpayer should foot the bill 
when a judge is presiding, but not 
m cases involving a commercial 

These court costeshouMbepaid 
in full by the losing party — a 
major incentive on both sides to 
-settle before going to court. The 
■revenue thus generated would go 
to increase the Legal Aid Fund, 
which in turn would be able to 
increase the low level of fees paid 
to banisters and solicitors doing 
criminal legal aid work; in addi- 
tion, part of the money could be 
nsed to cast the net wider so that 
more people would be eligible for 
legal ukL 

Lord Haflsham wiQ also haye to 
stick’to his decision to make it a 
pr^nditiopofhirther talks -whh 
the Bar on higher legal aidjees that 
the Bar abandons its rutensquiring 
a barrister to be accompanied by a 
solicitor or Iris- - re prese n tative at 
almost every hearing, even 'when 
doing something as simple as a 
plea in mitigation in the Crown 

If the Lord Chancellor does set 
off down this road be will initiate a 
heated debate over extended 
rights of audience for solicitors. It 

remains an anomoty that solic- 
itors can conduct Jong, contested . 
actions in the county coon and 
appear before High Court judges 
in chandlers but cannot argue 
even the simplest point of law in 
the Grown Court. Indeed tbe 
system now looks little more than 
a shamefaced attempt to protect * 
fog r e st ri c ti ve practices of the Bar. 

. The chief villain in thisconspir- 
iadepeodeni Bar, 
other professions and in- 
stitutions, including foe City, are 
being reformed, is theLord Cfcan- 

HaBsham: a devotion that 
could backfire . 
cellar himself. It was he who said 
only a year npx “If I thought any 
action of mine, as Lewd Chan- 
cellor, would undermine the sepa- 
rate position of the Bar, X should 
be deeply disturbed indeed. I am a 
barrister, the son of a barrister, 
and tbe father of two barristers. I 
remain devoted to my branch of 
the profession.” 

Lon! Hailsham, and to a lesser 
extent the Attorney General, will 
cost foe legal aid system and the 
new independent crown prosecu- 
tion service millions of pounds 
this year. Instead of granting 
employed solicitors the right to 
prosecute an but foe most com- 
plex cases, independent barristers 
will have to be briefed to conduct 
-some of the amplest Crown Court 
prosecutions. In short the tax- 
payer win pay for foe Load 
Chancellor’s refusal to . extend 
solicitors' rights of audieqte-m the 
Crown Court 

Tbe irony of the predicament in 
which Loud Haflsham now finds 
himself is not tost on long- 
standing advocates of legal re- 
form. If, in spite of everything, he 
stiD refuses to introduce a more 
flexible and interchangeable rel- 
ationship between barristers and 
solidtore, particularly over rights 
of audience in the Crown Court, 
then tbe College ofJudges must do 
what it can to streamline, foe 
system. If the College also fefls to 
act, liter. nongovernment 'may 
introduce infinitely more dfoco- 
man : reforms, not merely tenure 
rag foe Bar’s present privileges bat 
perhaps abolishing k altogether. 

That is an outcome many would 
regret, and fin- which Lord 
H a fl s h a m and foe judges would be 
largely to blame. 

The author is a solicitor and legal 
adviser to Times Newspapers, 

weren’t enough downs at West- 
minster already and foe Labour 
Party has for years been stuffing its 
electoral bandwagon full of Tuck- 
ets Without, Enter a Messenger 
and Third Citizen. 

True, they came to grief re- 
cently, in tbe most ddightftil way, 
when Miss Anna Carteret (who is 
by no means the silliest actress in 
England, and one of tbe better, to 
boot) waxed fervent in support of 
Labour in a party political broad- 
cast; the Labour Party's educa- 
tional policy includes a promise to 
abolish all private schools, and the 
very next day Miss Carteret was 
found to be sending both her 
children to foe very institutions 
her heroes would close down. 

But foe case of Miss Carteret 
and the other performers who 
extol the virtues of foe Labour' 
Party brings me to the heart of my 
objection. Forget about Vanessa; 
tbe Loonies are not in foe business 
of endorsing somebody else’s 
political product — they make 
their own. It is tbe actor or actress 
who is invited to speak on a 
foe subject of his political views 

recognized political platform who 
is the object of my curiosity. 

For what is foe hidden melody 
in a performer’s political perfor- 
mance? It is, surely, a massive non 
sequitur, foe players are saying 
“You like the way we act, or sing, 
or tell jokes, so kindly vote the 
way we tell you.” But their talent 
for acting, singing and joking, 
which is the only reason they have 
ever been heard of by foe public* 
and th us foe only reason they have 
been invited to. play a political 
role, has nothing at all to do with 
an understanding of politics. Miss 
Carteret's longing for foe Labour 
Party to govern foe. country 
(provided, perhaps, that she is 
excused actually having to suffer' 
the effects of its role) is obviously 
sincere; in that sense, she is not 
playing a part. But how does her 
acting talent qualify her to carry 
political conviction? 

It doesn’t But it is not enough 
to say that although nobody is 
compelled to vote foe way an actor 
tells them to, the actor is no less 
qualified to address the nation on 
than a butcher, a baker 

And let those that play your downs 
apeak no mbrethan is set.down for 
th em; for there be of them foal will 
themselves laugh, to set on 'some 
quantity, of barren spectators, to. 
laugh too, though in. the mean time 
some necessary question of the 
-play be then to be considered; 
- that’s villainous, and shows a mosf 
pitiful ambition in the fool 
uses it 

moreover . :i . Miles Kington 

or a 

So it does, top. But Mr Edding- 
ton has this day lit a candle that 
shines like a good deed in a 
naughty world. For notes he did 
not say, which would have been 
admirable enough, that he had no 
political views to express; be 
insisted that he had such views, 
and. strong ones, too, but that he 
likes to keep them to himsdfSuch 
an attitude, so. boldly laid down. -, 
should be properly commended; a 
.knighthood for. Mr, Eddington; 
would not be top much, and for 
once ' the usual citation. - *%r 
political and public services”, 
which normally means “for-being 
a servile hack who supported 
anything his. party did, however 
disgraceful, for more" .than 40 
years” wfll be the literal truth: 
After all, what, more notable 
public service- could a man do 
than to refrain from talking about 
politics? Arise, Sir Paul; and tbe 
rest of you, sit down. 

g) TfcHM l*«wp li—i, 1986. 


At a time when almost everyone in 
tbe world is engaged in a fund- 
raising activity for almost every- 
one in foe world, tbis column does 
not wish to be left out of things. So 
today we are setting off on what 
most be foe most exerting 
journalistic -adventure of all 
time — Writing Against Deadline! 

To raise fends for a man less 
fortunate than ourselves, this 
column win be written in white- 
hot speedon a typewriter. 'some- 
where in central London, rushed * 
by. relays, of some of foe world’s 

mand HQ all foe time, as pledges 
of interest and support pour m. 
Here's one arriving now. Let’s 
bear what it says. 

“Just to say that if you could see 
your way dear to reducing, foe 
level of borrowing in the next 
week or so, with foe inflow of 
more fends . . .” 

Obviously a wrong number. 
Let's monitor another one. : 
“Hello. We wonderedifyoubad 
fin i shed. the piece yet.” ■ 
Thank you for your interest, tat 
there is still a long way to go. The 

.finest postmen across the city ‘to; words ‘tick by agonizingly slowly, 
somewhere in 'Wapping, con- "Sometimes you can make thing s 



It is 4 pm in the offices of La 
Prcnsa, the only opposition daily 
in Marxist-run Nicaragua. The 
newsroom is deserted. In the 
composing room, workers list- 
lessly hang about, waiting. 

The day’s news is at the 
government censorship office and 
no one knows when, or even if, 
tomorrow’s paper will be primed. 

It can take up to nine hours. 
Often we print too late to get to 
many of our readers,” says Jaime 
Chamorro, the editor. 

La Prensa's previous editor, 
Jaime's brother Pedro Joaquin 
Cardinal Chamorro, was assas- 
sinated in 1978; the event helped 
to turn moderate, educated Nica- 
raguans against the Somoza 
dictatorship and bring the San- 
dinistas to power. 

Now iheSandinisfas point to La 
Prensa, which opposes them as 
much as it opposed Somoza. as 
proof that freedom of the press 
and political expression still exists 
in Nicaragua. But Jaime Cha- 
morro thinks differently. On foe 
front of the building, although out 
of sight of the street, is a placard 
reading “Libenad de Prensa?” 
(freedom of the press?) and a. wall 
covered with copies of censored 

They include reports of church- 
men urging the restoration of civil 
nghls. declarations by opposition 
politicians, charge} of rape against 

Freedom to print, 
but only just 

a military patrol Henry Kis- 
singers proposal for a Central 
American solution to Nicaragua's 
civil war. 

AU foe copy for foe next day's 
taper. Chamorro says, has to be in 
by noon — an absurd time for a 
morning paper. Copies of the 
prepared pages are sent to the 
censor, who may excise whole 
stories, pictures or headlines, and 
cut or alter others. Even advertise- 
ments are closely scrutinized. 

When the pages come back the 
staff work feverishly to change 
them. Photocopies of the new 
pages have logo back to the censor 
for final approval. If further 
changes are made they have to cut 
foe negatives at the last minute. 

“We are not allowed to publish 
with any blank spaces” Chamorro 
says. “If they throw too much out 
and we don't have enough copy 
left we simply cannot print. That 
happened about ten times last 

year.” Even bright, entertaining 
stories are censored. The. 
Sandinistas, it. seems; feel that 
news should be and mor- 
ally uplifting. Sensitivity is such, 
that the headline of a footbaO 
story. “Cardinal triumphs”, was 
banned in case readers should 
think it was about a churchman. 

Chamorro admits that the staff 
now censor ihemsdves to a certain 
extent, in self-defence. “But some- 
times, out of principle, we write 
stories which we know will be' 
stopped. We keep. everything in a 
file: some day someone will look 
at it and say, yes, that was 

The journalists have to put up 
with a certain amount of harass- 
ment “Our news editor was- 
piefced up by a couple of men with 
machineguito — obviously sot- 

mentioning the machineguns and 
each time they were stopped. Then 
Barricada wrote: 'La Prensa does 
not defend him so he must be 
guilty."* ... ■ 

. The editor ..of. Barricada /. is 
Jaime's Sandiirisia nepliew, who 
says that' his paper too is censored. : 
although he - admits . it.: usually 
happens only when it gets a story 
about a guerrilla attack before the 
army has released it. 

Across, town. Commander Bay- 
ardo Arce, a former Sandinista 
guerrilla leader and now one of the 
nine military commanders, in- 
sists: “There is freedom of the 
press in Nicaragua — after censor- 
ship — but it is a freedom to make 
constructive criticism, to point 
out mistakes and - errors, not 
simply to oppose” Commander 
Arce thinks he should know: he 
was a lecturer in journalism and a 
reporter on La Prehsa before 
taking up arms. 

For the .moment La prensa is . 
surviving, despite newsprint ra- : 1 
tiOning which keeps its circulation 
to -around 70,000 . a -day. - But'- 

diets .-as he 'came out of a- bar- . Chamorro, has ho flJusjons.“They 
one night. They beat him up and keep us aJ i ye for show, so they can '. 

Saltier Ailadina (Ronald Butt, this 
page May 1) is the head of foe 
Support Service for Language and 
imcrculiural Education, Berkshire. 
He was not present at a meeting 
referred to in the article but his paper 
was availble to throe attending. 

made off with his. car. 

“We reported the incideutand it 
got in the paper, but without 
mention of the machineguns. 
Then Barricada (foe official San- 
dinista organ) claimed that he was 
beaten up by a jealous husband. 
For two days we submitted stories 

say lo ouisjdewrs that here is a free 
press, that they are not a- repres- 
sive communist regime. 

“They do not kill us off but all 
foe time they try to weaken us as 
much as they can.” - 

Patricia Clough 

verted into new-tech type as soon 
as it arrives and then printed in 
half a million copies of a special 
souvenir album called “The 
Times. Wednesday May 21 1 986”. 

This will never Be reprinted. It is 
already guaranteed to be a 
collector’s item. 

The album will be sold all over 
the world, for one day only, in 
New York, Australia and Moscow, 
with foe possible exception of 
Moscow, a crowd of some 
300,000 is expected to turn out 
and buy foefr own copy, then go 
home and read it at breakfast or in 
foe. office bier if it’s one of those 
mornings,/ . ■ 

But first, foe great Column 
Against Time race has to be nip. 
This -column actually has to be 
finished before it can be printed. 1 ' 
In one of tbe most exciting of 

journalism ever attempted, foe 
writer of this column is attempting 
to get it finished before the editor 
rings up and says the magic words: 
“You’re fired”. Will he do it? We 
were lucky enough to secure an 
exclusive interview with the lone 
writer of this column as, clad only 
in clothes and a pair of jogging 
shoes, he wearily dim bed foe 
aope of creation. 

„ The question we asked was: 
What is it Eke. exactly,- to be 
involved in this wonderful feat, 
this attempt, to write a nolmm, 
against time? Had any word oome 
through. about a knighthood yet? 

■ The answer we got was: “Look, 

I m trying write a [piece --just 
g« . lost' wfll your .The strain is : 
obviously beguiling to tell. The 
lone battle against sleep, exhaus- * 
tion, fatigue and foe bank manager 
wiU rap the strength of even foe , 
doughtiest fighter. But he knows 
he is not alone. Telephone mes- 
»ges arc being received at foe . 
Writing Against Deadline com- 

go more quickly by using he tero- 
clfte words such as heterodite. 
Funny word, heterodite. Odd,, 
bizarre, really. That's what . it 
means, of course; tbe French use it 
all the time, but they're a fenny ' 

lot, the French La BataiBe 

Contre le Deadline* 

For that one paragraph the ' 
■writer’s control had . dearly 
snapped and his mind had started 
to wander, but now foe thought of . 
all those people out there brings 
him back to his senses. He is in the 
great Column Against The Clock - 
race! He must not run out of things 
to say now! How could he break 
down so dose to .the finishing 
tape, totally bereft of ideas? Quick, , 
somebody; an idea. 

It's the telephone a gain 
“We've got an idea. Why don’t 
you do foe column some other 
tune, and we’U just print a large 
photo of ponies and daffodils in 
the New Forest, captioned ‘Pontes 
and Daffodils in the New Forest? 
The readers always love that”- 
No, no — anything but that! To 
be replaced by foe springtime 
snapshot, the one with lambkins ; 
and cowslips or whatever it is tins ‘ 
year! That’s the ultimate degrada- 
fhc long-distance writer. : - 
No thank you. We’re well on 
schedule. If you’ll just send a 
^cssengerronnd. the piece 

You eari-teil he really befievra: 
what he_ says. And that’s what 
counts jn foe Great: Writing • 
Agaiust Deadline race — not 
or words, or even people* 5 
rcaJ.tyrJUSl believing ihat wnt can. . 

j^spire everything, make if to. foe - 

And here ft comes! The end has 
been reitehed and the Column 
Ateinst Time ordeal is oven* ' 
you missed it,- fc wiff beiint. 
a aam tomorrow. 


v i; 


1 -AS 






c Aid 


w - V 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



In 1949 the Federal Republic 
of Germany was established 
and recognised by the Western 
powers. In 1950 it entered the 
European Coal and Steel 
Community. In 1955 it was 
admitted to NATO. Finally, in 
1956 West Germany entered 
the European Community and 
fiiH amity with its former 
enemies. ' These events ■ oc- 
curred, respectively, four, five, 
ten and eleven years after one 
of the most terrible, bitter and 
fiercely fought wars in history. 

The Falklands War deserves 
none of those adjectives. It 
was. in its way, a' chivalrous 
war in the midst of which the 
British Defence Minister could 
pay a tribute to the courage 
and skill of Argentinian air 
force pilots without arousing 
either shock or hostility. Ex- 
cept for the dispute over the 
sovereignty of the Falklands, 
no cause exists for hostility 
between the Argentinian peo- 
ple and this country. There is 
accordingly every reason for 
the -Labour party, looking 
optimistically ahead to when it 
might assume the responsibil- 
ity for foreign policy, to con- 
sider how - it might best 
overcome the sole obstacle to 
restoring the formerly close 
Anglo- Argentinian relation- 

thus to implant- is them a 
perpetually nervous siege 
mentality.TnjtiaQy at least, it 
instilled a similar belief in 
Buenos Aires and - con- 
sequently built up the hope 
there that a satisfactory settle- 
ment would be reached fairly 
soon. When it became clear 
that diplomacy of its own 
accord could produce nothing 
(except perhaps more diplo- 
macy), the Argentine govern- 
ment felt cheated. And .that 
sentiment, coupled with a 
view that a decadent Britain 
would accept the fait accompli 
of a successful annexation, 
brought about the invasion. 

But the activity of an Oppo- 
sition party should be directed 
to thinking seriously about the 
Falklands problem before it 
attempts to solve it by active 
diplomacy. This is suggested 
not just by common sense, but 
also by the earlier failures of 
governments which acted on 
the principle that a solution 
would somehow evolve from 
the very process of diplomatic 

The effect that this produced 
on the islanders was to con- 
vince them that the Foreign 
Office was bent upon selling 
them out to Buenos Aires and 

Four years later, only one 
item , in the mix remained 
unchanged — the Falklanders 
still suspect that London is 
slyly determined to betray 
them. Should Labour shadow 
Ministers arrive in Port Stan- 
ley with briefcases bristling 
with various hypothetical 
solutions, keen to explore 
them all but committed to 
none, the islanders are liable to 
resist every proposal and to 
borrow from Ulster loyalists 
the negotiating posture of “not 
an inch* 4 . The islanders would 
find support, as they have 
donein the past, from back- 
benchers of all parties. 

This train of events would 
create the worst possible cli- 
mate for any fresh negotiations 
between London and Buenos 
Aires, whether Conducted by 
Mrs Thatcher or, as the La- 
bour party study indicates, by 
an incoming Labour govern- 
ment It would' do so, more- 
over, in the service of a purely . 
theoretical diplomacy by an 
Opposition which could not 
clinch any. . success it 
mightachieve. Meanwhile 
Labour’s efforts might actually 
drive the government into 
diplomatic obstructionism. 

Far better, then, for Labour 
foreign policy thinkers to use 

the luxury of non-responsibil- 
ity to think out a dear solution 
before negotiating one. Mr 
George FouDces, the author of 
die report and his party's 
spokesman on Latin America, 
might begin, by considering 
how to meet the two most 
passionate (and reasonable) 
desires of the islanders: The 
first is that their distinctive 
institutions and way of life 
should' be " preserved tin- 
contaminated by Argentinian 
customs or by an influx of 
' Argentinians in sufficient 
numbers to tilt the balance of 
population. The second is that 
any agreement which estab- 
lished such rights should be 
protected against a change of 
mind (or government) in Bue- 
nos Aires. 

Of the various solutions 
under discussion, two might 
be married in order to meet 
these fears; joint sovereignty 
and leaseback. If the islands 
were to be placed under, the 
joint sovereignty of Britain 
and Argentina but leased back 
for a lengthy period to a British 
administration, that would as- 
sure the Islanders that their 
local customs would survive. 
Joint sovereignty, on the other 
band, would be ah additional 
safeguard against Argentina’s 
reneging. It would also meet 
the political objection to sim- 
ple leaseback: popular opinion 
might conclude that British 
soldiers had died for a time- 

Labour, by advancing such 
ideas, might find a surprising 
echo ini Conservative and Alli- 
ance opinion.- It might 
additionally . begin the 
construction of a new “Fa!k- 
(ands lobby” in parliament 
that would defend both the 
interests and reasonable 
wishes of the FaUdaoders with- 
out making their rights the 
cause of an unending quarrel 
with a nation long deemed 


The licensing regime applied 
to the sale and consumption of 
alcoholic beverages is a pure 

example of regu&tion without 
principle: It is a set of regula- 
tions that continues because 
neither politician nor official 
chooses to question its pur-, 
poses. Public houses close at 
three o’clock (or earlier) in 
England not to restrict drink- 
ing but because that is the 
inherited pattern, the pattern 
enforced by Asquith and Lloyd 
George for the sake of weapons 
manufacture. They acted, they 
thought, for the sake of victory 
against the Hun. Their regime 
persists in this age of mass 
tourism, leisure, and service 
employment, for no intelli- 
gible reason. 

Mr Douglas Hurd is, it will 
be recalled, neither the min- 
ister for munitions, nor the 
minister of health, nor the 
secretary for trade. He is none 
the less the minister for the 
control of drink. He has 
studied the problem in all its 
particulars and felt em- 
powered to make on Monday a 
radical announcement to the 
House of Commons. “The 
Government,” he said, “be- 
lieve there is a strong case for 
considering some relaxation 

on licensing hours in England, 
and Wales.” It will not how- 

ever do' the considering now, 
nor. tomorrow. It wilt do it, 
later (after the' election per- 
haps, when, the House wiH 
without doubt be filled with 
Members anxious- to reform 
licensing, statutes and their 
regulatory kin restricting Sun- 
day shopping.) . 

After the Government’s fail- 
tire to put in place a twentieth 
century regime for Sunday 
commerce, it is . under- 
standable that- courageous 
deregulators are not vocaL 
Perhaps the opponents of the 
liberalization of leisure are 
more diverse than the govern- 
ment thinks. Perhaps there are 
Sabbatarians who would enjoy 
a drink at UJlOpni. Who 
knows? But the government 
evidently fears the doctors and 
Salvationists who will oppose 
relaxed Licensing laws would 
present (given its general un- 
certainty) an insuperable bar- 

Mr Hurd might have made a 
fist of it He has in his hand 
that impressive survey from 
the Office of Population Cen- 
suses and Surveys showing 
how, in Scotland,- enlighten- 
ment on pub opening hours 

has been .correlated • with 
reductions in drink-related 
crime and public; dnjnfcemiess- 
A correlation is to he sure not 
an explanation, but the Scot- 
tish evidence should reassure 
both those worried about vol- 
umes of alcohol; intake and 
people who live near pubs and 
wine bars. 

Were they asked, a majority, 
of the adult population of 
England and Wales would find 
no convincing reason why they 
should not be treated by the 
law as rational consumers. The 
instincts of Mrs Thatcher's 
government have been . to 
articulate that public senti- 
ment. Tt has not, however, 
delivered change in face of 
determined sectional oppo- 
sition nor have ministers 
proved adept at mobilizing 
popular support for reform. 

Some private member 
should now have a go. And if 
the government cannot muster 
the courage to implement a 
reform in which it proclaims 
its belief, it should try to 
summon up the lesser nerve to 
give bis bill a fair par- 
liamentary wind. Mr Huid, if 
the prospect makes him “frit” 
might resort to Dutch courage. 


Recent bomb outrages in Sn 
Lanka have shocked an island 
in which violence of one kind 
of another has become almost 
commonplace during the last 
three years. Not only that but 
they have reverberated round 
a world which has so far 
regarded the issue as intemaL 

Its roots are deeply embed- 
ded within the island's racial 
structure — which is why early 
optimism over ending the 
violence militarily seemned 
misplaced. Under British im- 
perial rule, the energetic Tamil 
minority enjoyed a position 
disproportionate to . its 
numerical strength. The result 
after independence m 1948. 
was an attempt by successive 
governments in Colombo to 
restore what they thought to be 
a more equitable balance, by 
positive discrimination in »■ 
vour of the Sinhalese majority. 
This in turn led to nsm g 
discontent in the Tamil strong- 
holds of the North and East to 
a backlash against them — ana 
to worsening Woodshed. 

Whatever mistakes ins gov- 
ernment and its preecun* 0 ^ 
have made in the past 15 
hard not to feel some sym^ ■ 
pathv with President Juniu s 
Jayewardene. But the sdnsms 
which have now developed 
with bloody results, even 
within the Tamil secaaong. 
movement suggest that sn 
Lanka’s armed forces have, a 
hard • " 

if only to contain file violence 
while the search a for. a 
political solution continues. It 
is therefore unfortunate that 
the president, however great 
the frustration, has been 
tempted into dark threats to 
“unleash the army” on the 
North. Not only do such 
comments erode what .con- 
fidence remains in the military 
among the moderate Tamil 
communities, but it serves to 
antago nize the. government in 
Delhi which is supposedly 
trying to fill the honest broker 
role. •• . 

Although the hardening 1 ; 
atlitufes on both sides - has 
made a political compromise 
increasingly difficult, it is still 
by no ftteans beyond 
Jayewardene’s Capabilities. 

But be will need substantial 
help. In return for these con- 
cessions, the Delhi govern- 
ment will need to exercise its 
influence with the Tamil ex- 
tremists, to persuade them to 
give up their demands for the 
indpendent Tamil state . 
oPEdam” and settle, for a 

reasonable compromise. That 

will not be easy since the ; 
groups now dominating the 
Tamil* community have no 
real interest in a political. : 
solution. They . have obtained, 
their dominance fry massa- 
cring their Tamil rivals, they . 
have Unks whh mtetiaational 
terrorism, .aad: ihey have 
objectives’ wider than Tamil. ■ 

separatism which amount to 
eradicating the democratic sys- 
tem of government in the 
country. Moves for a political 
solution need to be main- 
tained not in order to win such 
groups round, but in order-to 
create the conditions in the 
Tamil community in which 
more moderate leaders mi^ht 
have ' a chance of gaining 

Can the Indian government 
deliver any negotiations? So 
far its Tamil sympathies have 
not exactly helped it in its role 
of mediator. But it is among 
the very few outside influences 
which might bring the ex- 
tremists in the North to come 
to terms with reality. 

Meanwhile there is one 
alternative: This is to re- 
invoke the good offices of the 
Commonwealth and . its Sec- 
retary-General Mr. Sonny 
Raxnphal. Mr. Ramphal was 
prepared to help at an earlier 
stage — an initiative which fell 
through when it was disclosed 
prematurely. - Events have 
moved forward since then - or 
perhaps “backwards” might 
seem more appropiale. There 
is no reason why the Sri 
Lankan govembment should 
not turn to him now if Delhi's 
latest intervention ' should 
prove fruitless. It is. after all, a 
task which should not only 
concern the Commonwealth 
but involve it as well. 


Lack of resources in hospitals 

From Dr D. J. Fairlamb and 

Sir, We are consultants working in 
a deprived district in the West 
Midlands who wish to supporc the 
argument for increased resources 
tt) the acme hospital sector raised 
in the letter from Dr Thompson 
and others (May 13X 

It is a matter of record that the 
Woverbampton Health Authority 
is under-provided . for all major 
specialties. There -should be 250 
acute medical beds, but in fact 
there are 145, a serious imder- 
pfovtsion that has existed for 
decades. The result of this under- 
pro vision is that for 2% years there 
has been a continual bed crisis, 
with medical patients being 
nursed in beds designated for 
other specialties and a consequent 
dislocation of service provided. 

For example, one third of the 
beds; on the cancer ward are 
constantly occupied by medical 
patients. The regional normative 
number of cancer beds for the unit 
is SO, whereas only 16 are pro- 

Our current capita] programme, 
due to be completed in 1995, will 
correct the worst deficit, but is 
based on the assumption that this 
district will still- be approximately 
10 per cent deprived against its 
normative requirement. 

■ We sympathise whh the prob- 
lems fa the Thames regions, as a 
result of the application formulae 
of RAWP (r esource allocation 
working party). However, until a 
general increase in hospital fund- 
ing occurs and is applied to the 
most needy areas. RAWP must 
continue. ■ 

Yours faithfully, 




The Royal Hospital, 
Wolverhampton, West 

spread the limited resources more 
fairly. Government and the medi- 
cal professional associations must 
devise a mechanism for moving 
out of London not only the money 
released by bed closures but also 
the medical teams and their 
associated costs. 

To close beds without shifting 
medical manpower and its asso- 
ciated costs is to add to the 
frustration and fury that bed 
closures provoke and does little to 
help the districts outside London 
take on their proper share of the 
service in relation to their 
population’s needs. 

Yours faithfully, 

AUSON MUNRO, Chairman, 
Chichester Health Authority, 

PO Box 42, 

Royal West Sussex Hospital, 
Broyle Road, 


West Sussex. 

From the Chcdrmrm of Chichester 
Health Authority 
Sir, The real trouble with the 
London teaching hospitals is that 
they have too many doctors. As 
more beds are dosed to achieve 
the required economies, the situa- 
tion worsens. Already one hears of 
-snefa absurd iti es as as many as 14 
consultants for a - ward with 23- 
beds. . . 

At the same time many districts 
like tins outside London are short 
of doctors at all levels In certain 
specialities such as orthopaedics 
and geriatrics and lade the means 
to build up the medical teams they 

. Ifthe object of NHS policy is, as 
we are frequently assured, to 

From Dr R. A. Durance 
Sir, Mr Berriman (May 15) is 
justly proud of the new hospitals 
in his region. There is much to be 
admired in them. But in seeming 
to endorse the resource allocation 
working party’s policy of increas- 
ing the funding of district general 
hospitals at the expense of teach- 
ing hospitals, be ignores the fact 
that the North East Thames 
Regional Health Authority (of 
which be is chairman), is com- 
posed not only of five teaching 
hospitals, but also of a great many 
district general hospitals. 

In redistributing resources in 
favour of the provinces, it is 
certainly not the peripheral hos- 
pitals of his own “metropolitan'' 
region which stand to gain, as 
might have been inferred by his 

His argument would have car- 
ried more weight if such new 
hospitals as that in Colchester 
were given the necessary revenue 
to function. When you bear. Sir, 
that the opening of the new 
hospital m this town has promptly 
led to the closure of one other 
hospital and the resultant hard- 
ship, another is to follow, and that 
vacant consultancies in anaesthe- 
sia, geriatrics, haematology, 
neurology and rheumatology Can- 
not be financed, you will under- 
stand that the garden of the North 
East Thames Regional Health 
Authority is less full of roses than 
Mr Beni man would have you 

I am. Sir. his obedient servant, 


St Mary's Hospital, 

.Pope Lane, 

Colchester, Essex. 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Dr P,C R. Pilcher 
Sir, Mr Ian Lloyd (May 15) evades 
the essential issue. It does seem to 
be true that the development of 
nuclear power is at the present 
time expedient, and I should not 
wish to identify myself with what 
Mt Lloyd calls the 
“unscrupulous" opposition to 
anything “nuclear”. But the issue 
of just what are the long-term risks 
has not been settled to the 
satisfaction of the non-partisan 
layman. It is no answer at all to 
point, to -the long-term risks of 
conventional forms of energy 
production: these, too, must be 
accurately estimated and set in the 
balance 'so that' a' considered 
choice can be made. ' 

To talk of the “worst-case 
scenario” and “courage” in the 
way that Mr Lloyd does actually 
implies that the worst-case sce- 
nario is a real possibility, albeit 
remote. The question is, how 
remote, and what are the best 
projections into the very long- 
term future: say 5,000 years? 

What should we reel if the 
anrienis had left us a lethal legacy? 
It has been said that, for the 
foreseeable future, the likely 
deaths from famine and other 

natural disasters wUl exceed by 
many times the likely deaths from 
nudear accidents. Even if this be 
true, it misses the essential point: 
deaths from natural disasters do 
not damage the race, but the 
possibility of cumulating radi- 
ation effects over generations 
should vitally influence the de- 
risions that we take now. 

What precisely will be the risks 
when the whole earth is pet 

with nuclear power stations? What 
wiU be the associated problems of 
waste disposal? Is not a certain 
number of accidents statistically 
inevitable — and predictable? 
What is that number, and over 
what period might cumulative 
effects become such as to threaten 
the survival of the race of civilisa- 
tion? As a layman, am I indeed 
cornea in suspecting that my part 
fa the decisions now taken might 
leave a legacy to my descendants 
from which they will perish? 

Without an answer to these 
questions, my reaction to further 
developments in the field of 
nudear power is one to make me 
pause. I simply ask for full and 
frank information. 

Yours faithfully, 


37 The Croft. 

Barnet, Hertfordshire. 

Observatory’s future 

From Professor F F. Winkler 
Sir, As a visiting astronomer 
spending a sabbatical year in 
Britain, fhave been following with 
interested disinterest the con- 
troversy surrounding the derision 
to move the Royal Greenwich 
Observatory from Herstmonceux. 

British astronomy has success- 
fully maintained a position of 
world leadership for three centu- 
ries (out of all proportion to the 
clarity of English skies, I might 
add). This postion is now in peril. 
Funds to support astronomy are 
declining and much of that fiind- 
ineseems inefficiently directed. 

The RGO is a case in point. The 
present staff is too large for the 
Observatory's current and future 
mission and as a result it siphons 
off too huge a fraction of the 
limited funds -available for 
astronomical research. 

IS not the' driving reason for 
closing Herstmonceux and mov- 
ing the RGO elsewhere simply a 
convenient means for trimming 
the staff? Surely that effect will be 
achieved, for many will judge it 
too disruptive to move their 
families from Sussex to Edin- 
burgh. Manchester, or even to 
Cambridge. Unfortunately for the 
RGO, the personnel most likely to • 
resign rather than move are the 
technical staffs whose readily 
marketable skills will make it easy 
for them to find other employ- 
ment Those least confident of 
lhcir ability will follow the obser- 
vatory wherever, resulting -fa a 
sadly emasculated RGO. 

The Science 1 and Engineering 
Research Council's arguments (as 
Stated by E. W. J; Mitchell in your ; 
edition of May 10) for relocating 
the RGO at a university seem . 
secondary. If one were starting 
from scratch to build an obser- 
vatory headquarters a university 
campus might well be the site of 
choice. But the ideals of hindsight 
no longer apply. 

The RGO is, of course, already 
located in excellent purpose-built 
buildings at Herstmonceux that 
are surely superior to any new 
home they may expect to find 
through a self-financing move. 
Cooperation with scientists from 
many universities in astronomical 
research and in instrument 
development can and does take 
place from its present location. 
And the proximity to Gatwick 
makes transportation to the op- 
tical telescopes on La Palma in the 
Canary Islands more convenient 
than from any of the proposed 

Reducing the staff by moving 
the RGO and seeing who chooses 
to come along may be cost- 
effective, in that some redundancy 
payments are avoided, but it is not 
the path to excellence. It is better 
in the long run to make hard 
decisions — to select a staff whose 
skills are most compatible with 
the dual mission of developing 
and maintaining modem in- 
struments to serve all British 
astronomers, and of continuing a 
strong in-house research program 
consistent with the long tradition 
of the RGO. 

Leave the RGO at Herst- 
monceux. A large portion of the 
splendid grounds (including the 
castle if need be) could still be sold 
to a compatible buyer, while 
keeping the modem research 
buildings intact The library and 
archives, now housed in the castle, 
could be comfortably accom- 
modated in other existing build- 
ings once the staff is reduced. 
Proceeds from the sale of the 
castle and grounds would finance 
the reorganization of the RGO's 
present- home with a tidy sum left 
over to support new research. 
Yours faithfully, 


University of Cambridge, 

Institute of Astronomy. 

The Observatories, 

Madingley Road, 


Airborne trail of 
virus disease 

From the Director of the Animal 
Virus Research Institute 
SirJn his note on the possibility of 
the transmission of rabies to the 
UK. by bats (May 5) Hugh Clayton 
mentions that birds were Named 
for bringing foot-and-mouth from 
France to the Isle of Wight in 
1981. In point of fact, carriage of 
virus by birds was never at any 
time considered as a plausible 
explanation for the origin of the 
outbreaks of the disease on Jersey 
and the Isle of Wight. 

Research following the major 
epizootic of the disease in the 
Midlands in 1967/68 dearly dem- 
onstrated the importance of the 
airborne route of transmission of 
the virus. Infected pigs in particu- 
lar are capable of releasing into the 
air very large amounts ofinfective 
virus and, providing the climatic 
conditions are suitable, virus can 
remain in a relatively confined 
column of air which can be blown 
by wind over surprisingly long 
distances, especially over water. 

A computer model has been 
developed by the Meteorological 
Office. Bracknell and the Animal 
Virus Research Institute, 
PirbrighL This makes possible 
predictions of the likelihood of 
spread of infection, knowing the 
numbers of animals involved in 
an outbreak of disease and the 
local climatic conditions around 
the time of the outbreak in terms 
of wind direction and relative 
humidity, etc. 

In March, 1981, when there 
were several large piggeries af- 
fected by the disease near 
Henensal, northern France, the 
computer analysis of the situation 
indicated that outbreaks of the 
disease could be expected in the 
Channel Islands and the Isle of 
Wight, but not in southern En- 
gland. In the event this is exactly 
what happened and the State 
veterinary services were well pre- 
pared to bring the disease rapidly 
under control. 

While It is not impossible that 
birds could act as purely mechani- 
cal vectors of the virus, it is now 
very likely that many outbreaks in 
the past, when the Continent of 
Europe was much more severely 
affected by the disease than it is at 
present, were due to the airborne 
spread of the virus and not the 
result of the involvement of birds. 

It has to be emphasized that 
although the virus of foot-and- 
mouth disease can be spread by 
the airborne route, this does not 
mean necessarily that other vi- 
ruses are spread in the same 
manner. There is no evidence to 
date that the virus of rabies is 
transmitted by this mechanism. 
Yours faithfully, 

B. W. J. MAHY. Director, 

Animal Virus Research Institute. 
Pirbright, Surrey. 

May 5. 

Woodland eyesore 

From Mrs Diana Monro 
Sir, Lord Esher’s letter (May 13) 
about the “PVC” (sic) tree sheiter 
as “a new horror at large” is 
almost completely misconceived. 

The majority of tree shelters 
now employed in the UK are 
made of polypropylene in a pleas- 
ant shade of light brown and will 
degrade naturally in four to five 
years. Some are white (trans- 
lucent) and are useful in tracing 
small transplants in dense cover. 
Meanwhile they provide protec- 
tion against animals, weeds and 
weather. Above all they promote 
early growth to a degree hitherto 
impossible. They also enable 
planting to take place where 
otherwise it would not have been 
economic (an aesthetic and 
commercial advantageX 

Millions are made in Britain 
and exported all over the world. 
They have been described as “the 
best thing to come to forestry since 
the Wellington boot”. 

A “fully transparent” or “dart 
brown” tree shelter would be 
practically useless. The admission 
oflight must be carefully governed 
to provide the “mini-climate” in 
which vast numbers of our future 
trees are now flourishing for the 
gratification of our descendants 
and thanks to this brilliant inven- 


Yours faithfully. 

DIANA MONRO. Director. 
Monro, Alexander and Co Ltd. 

Great Somerford. 

Chippenham, Wiltshire. 

May 14. 

Croatian war crimes 

From Dr Bojan Bujic 
Sir. My father having perished in 
one of the extermination camps in 
wartime Croatia, I may count 
myself, indirectly, as one of 
.Andrija Artukovic’s victims. Yet, 
I was somewhat disquieted by the 
news ofa death sentence passed on 
him after the trial just concluded 
in Zagreb (report. May 15). 

Coming, as it does, more than 
40 years after his reign of terror 
came to an end the sentence, even 
if considered just in legal terms, 
inevitably assumes lineaments of 

Artukovic’s disregard of the 
sanctity of human life seems to me 
to have been inspired by a firm 
religious (I hesitate to call it 
Christian) zeal which enabled him 
to imagine himselfas a defender of 
the Catholic purity of Croatia 
against what he probably saw as 
the menaces of Orthodox 
Christianity and communist 

If the sentence were to be 
commoted now, the gesture would 
perhaps help to demonstrate to 
him the existence of compassion 
and mercy — the virtues he 
himself so demonstrably lacked. 
Yours faithfully, 

Magdalen College, Oxford. 

MAY 21 1864 

The Danish- Prussian war, the _ 

origins of which were noted in this 
column last year (April 4), began 
in January 1864. In October of 
that year the defeated Danes 
signed a peace treaty in Vienna. 
Throughout the campaign the 
sympathies of The Times had 
been with Denmark, The paper's 

Special Correspondent was 
Antonio Caller, 



(From our Special 
Correspondent lately at 
the Danish head -quarters.) 

Copenhagen, May 17. 

After all the endless trouble the 
statesmen of the London Confer- 
ence have undergone to patch up 
an armistice or trace between the 
belligerent Powers, we must not be 
surprised if we bear that all their 
labour has been in vain, and that 
hostilities will break out again 
before the expiration of the term 
appointed for their suspension. 
Ever since we received the first 
announcement of the resolution of 
the diplomatists assembled in Lon- 
don, and up to Saturday last, the 
14th, the Prussians have continued 
to carry on the wholesale spoliation 
which had signalized their pres- 
ence in the Jutland provinces, and 
which tod raised against them so 
univena] a feeling of indignation 
throughout Europe. Their contri- 
butions are still laid upon and 
levied from most of the townships, 
and where the municipal authori- 
ties. referring to the terms of the 
London agreement (according to 
which “La Prusse et I’Autriche 
s'obligent pendant la suspension 
des hostilxtes a ne point fever des 
contributions de guerre”), refuse to 
comply with the spoiler’s demands, 

the soldiers are allowed, and even 
directed, to help themselves to 
anything they can End in the shops 
or at the farmhouses, in not 
unfrequent instances breaking into 
the stores by main force, like 
common burglars. 

In some places, it is true, 
acknowledgements and quittances 
are delivered to the persons thus 
robbed, with assurances that the 
bonds “shall be honoured at the 
end of the war.” But, again, there 
axe cases in which the local 
authorities, upon remonstrating 
against the flagrant breach of the 
agreement and abuse of power, 
have been threatened with instant 
imprisonment. There is no doubt, 
also, that the other condition, that 
the allied armies should not 
entraver le commerce, ni les 
communications, ni la marche 
reguKere de l’admmistxatibh ”.has 
been utterly disregarded. The Aus- 
trians have even confiscated the 
wires and other gear belonging to 
the telegraph establishment; and in 
some localities they have prevent- 
ed the citizens from hoisting their 
national and Royal flag, the 
Dannebrog; and be it borne in 
mind that the Germans, besides 
helping themselves to what they 
had immediate occasion for. or had 
taken a fancy to, have also laid 
under sequestration such property 
and merchandise as might be of use 
to them at some future period, fry 
closing the shops and putting their 
seals to the doors, thus claiming 

eventual rights of possession, and 
preventing the owners from doing 
as they please with their goods. 

It is remarkable, also, that the 
behaviour of the allied troops since 
the announcement of the truce has 
not been everywhere exactly the 
same, for while Marshal Wrangel, 
at his head-quarters in Hoisens; 
tos shown some disposition to 
spare the inhabitants and respect 
the conditions imposed by the 
London Conference, some of his 
subalterns, away from his immedi- 
ate influence, have set no limits to 
their rapacity, and aggravated 
their spoliations by the harshness 
and brutality of their behaviour. 
One of the officers who has risen to 
greater distinction by these acts of | 
lawless depredation is General 
Count Vogel von Falkenstein, who 
has made himself famous at 
Aarhuus and throughout Jutland 
under the name of . “Der 

A glance at any of the Copenha- 
gen papers, or the perusal of a 
variety of private letters, would 
suffice to accumulate a sufficient 
amount of evidence to prove either 
that the Austro- Prussian Govern- 
ments are not willing to abide by 
the terms of the armistice, and to 
observe their own share of the 
obligations devolving upon them, 
or that the discipline of their 
armies is not strong and thorough 
enough to bind their commanders 
to their duties. With the ample 
means of communication placed at 
their disposal and the excellent 
management ■ for which the Ger- 
man commissariat is justly re- 
nowned, it would be worse than 
die to plead the necessities of their 
troops as an excuse for the excesses 
of which they have made them- 
selves guilty. . . 

. — lam not at all surprised toF 
hear the organs of public opinion in 
the counp-y declaring that the! 
armistice is nothing but a delusion 
and a snare. . . 





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Answering back •- 

From Mrs Claire Hewitt 
Sir, I mourn the demise of ihe.j 
thank-you letter. It is not that I_ 
necessarily want thanks for a 
but I like to know it has reached its * 
destination. Should I: - * 

Enquire bluntly as to whether it - 
had arrived? 

Ring up on some other pretext? 
Express sorrow at receiving no“ 

Give up sending presents? : 1. 
Forgel the whole thing? 

Or will writing to The Times .3 
solve my problem? 

Yours feithfullv. 



South Street ' 

Wellington. Somerset. 

May 16. 







IS Mi / 

: r z 

: * * 




f FOCUS 1 

MAY 21, 1986 

All geared up for 
a charter 

year of change 

This year could be a turning 
point for the Institute of Cost 
and Management Accoun- 
tants. A new president is lined 
up. a name change is in 
prospect and there are plans to 
increase the institute's public 

Peter Lawrence, a vice pres- 
ident. is due to take over as 
president from Dr John 
Delany at the annual meeting 
in June. Mr Lawrence is the 
first to say that the ICMA 
council works as a team, but a 
change of emphasis is 

Dr Delany has been closely 
associated with the drive to 
integrate the profession. There 
are now six accountancy bod- 
ies, which he believes is too 
many. The ICMA, which rep- 
resents management accoun- 
tants, most of whom writ in 
industry, is committed to 
work for the unification of the 
profession, so at least all those 
who work in industry, com- 
merce and the public sector or 
offering non audit work 
should belong to a single 

In recent months, however. 

this project has been put on 
the rack burner. In its latest 

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annual report the council 
sayjc"It must be recognized 
that the possibility of achiev- 
ing fhis goa! (integration) win 
be slender,” until the other 
Institutes make it their own 

Mr Lawrence saysr“I don’t 
see integration as a major 
plank of strategy." Instead be 
believes in effective commu- 
nication. As a result, the 
iCMA’s public relations bud- 
get Is set to rise from £59,000 
in 1985 to £200,000 next year. 

As well as marketing the 
institute to outsiders, Mr Law- 
rence will spend much of bus 
time as president in visiting 
regional branches. His other 
priorities include the Ad- 
vanced learning Foundation, 
boosting the consultancy sec- 
tion and harnessing the ener- 
gies of the institute’s brighter 
young members. Most of these 
points are covered by the 
recent Strategy Review. 

Mr Lawrence will take over 
the presidency when members 
will also be asked to consider 
the second name change in the 
institute’s history. For its first 
53 years of life it was the 
Institute of Cost and Works 
Accountants, with the current 
loftier title adopted as recently 
as 1972. Three years later the 
ICMA was granted a Royal 
Charter but it has not been 
able to incorporate 
"chartered" into its title until 

Brian Jenkins, the President 
of the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England mid- 


A hot line to 
help the i 


.. *■« ?*. _ 

Defence Ministry accountant G il Kan Croft, prize-winner m her ICMA 

About 6,000 members are 
based overseas, not necessar- 
ily working for British compa- 
nies. And about 2^500 are 
employed in the pablic sector, 
including 500 in ngtiftnaiirar 
industries. \ . 

One of the ICMA’s cardinal 
objects is unification of the 
profession. The problem with 

says he has no objection to the 
institute title including 
"chartered" but he does not 
want management accoun- 
tants to be described as "char- 
tered management 

The ICAEW claims that 
would cause confusion be- 
tween its members who are 
allowed to audit company 
accounts and are trained in 
practice rather than industry. 

and the members of the ICMA 
who are not allowed to do any 
auditing and who are trained 
in industry and commerce. 

Practical and 
simple approach 
' applauded 

Wales, which has objected to 
the use of “chartered” in the 
ICMA name in the past, said 
last week: "We are very happy 
that they should change their 

The ICAEW does not how- 
ever want individual mem- 
bers of the ICMA to change 
their designation. Mr Jenkins 

The new name, agreed alter 
long negotiations, is to be The 
Chartered Institute of Man- 
agement Accountants. Assum- 
ing members approve the 
change it will be put before the 
Privy Council later in the year. 
The members however will 
not be changing their 

The ICMA has more than 
25,000 members, against the 
ICAEW’s 80,000. In time 
however the ICMA could 
catch up. Already it is growing 
fast, having nearly doubled in 
.size since Tom 
became secretary m 1$73. 

however is that the 
ICAEW, which is widely seen 
as the standard bearer for the 
practising profession, is also 
more representative of ac- 
countants in industry than the 
ICMA, in so far as it has more 
members in industry than the 
ICMA. The implication is that 
if any one of the existing 
bodies were to represent the 
150,000 or so accountants 
now belonging to the six 
accountancy bodies, it should 
be the ICAEW. Members of 
the ICMA would find this 
hard to accept 
To its credit the ICMA has a 
nrore practical and market 
orientated approach than the 


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Chris tarrott, Director of Engineering, 
London Borough of Ha mmersmith & Fulham. 

other accountancy bodies, ft 
won widespread applause, for 
example, for its radical stand 
on inflation accounting. In- 
stead of complicated notes to 
the accounts, as 
the Acco unting 
Committee, it suggested a 
simple two line adjustment. 
Now that the ASC require- 
ment has been abandoned, 
partly because it was loo 
complex for practical pur- 
poses, many observers regret 
that the whole profession did 
not adopt this simpler 

On more recent issues the 
ICMA has more or less agreed 
with other accounting bodies. 
In a submission in February to 
the Office of Fan Trading 
inquiry into the professions 
however the ICMA hit out 
indirectly at its rivals. 

In particular Dr Delany, in 
his capacity as president, sug- 
gested that ICAEW members 
should no longer be responsi- 
ble for auditing companies; 
public limited companies, 
most of which are listed on the 
stock exchange, should be 
audited by an Audit Commis- 
sion and the requirement to 
audit small companies should 
be dropped, he said. 

Friendly rivalry between the 
accountancy bodies is almost 
endemic and integration 
therefore seems unlikely in the 
near term at least. Last year 
ICMA members defeated a 
motion to merge with the 
Chartered Association of Cer- 
tified Accountants, though the 
council did approve a recipro- 
cal arrangement with the Insti- 
tute of Management 

The Strategy Review secs a 
course for the Institute of Cost 
and Management Accoun- 
tants to follow for the next few 
years. It was presented last 
November by Dr John 
Delany. president of the insti- 
tute, and already a number of 
its recommendations have 
been implemented. More 
changes will follow. 

The review was set np by 
of the 

the previous president 

institute, Cyril Banyard, with 
die idea .of re 

Recognition by other pro- 
fessional bodies will help to 
secure a higher profile. But 
| prominent industrial manag- 
ers such as Norma n Ire land, 
finance director of BTR, Da- 
vid Allen, finance director of 
Cadbury Typhoo and David 
Andrews, chairman and chief 
executive of Land Rover- 
Leyland, all of whom are 
members of the ICMA, can 
probably do more for the 
ICMA than any reciprocal 
arrangement These leaders 
are backed by the bright young 
managers of tomorrow. 

Clare Dobie 

reappraising the 
1983 documents. Strategic 
Aims and Policies. The com- 
mittee included Dr Delany, 
the two vice presidents, Peter - 
Lawrence and Professor Mi- 
chael Bromwich, and three 
other members. They started 
from the premise that there 
should be some machinery for 
implementing recommenda- 
tions. "Attention is drawn to 
the dangers of failing to cany 
out stated policy intentions," 
says the review, referring to 
the feet that the 1983 docu- 
ment was not used assiduous- 
ly as a guide to action. 

With that admonition is 
mind, the review tackled Ions 
term objectives quite sepa- 
rately from short term op- 
tions. It set out 25 short tens 
options, of which all except 
one, proposing the estab- 
lishment ofa Livery company, 
were approved by the council. 

The review recommended 
that the ICMA should discuss 
long term unification of the 
profession. Though talks con- 
tinue. realization of this aim 
looks unlikely at lead in the 
near future. 

The recommendation that 
the annual report should look 
forward as well as record past 
events has by contrast already 
been implemented. As a result 
the 1985 annual report and 
accounts includes a section 
Looking Ahead, which re- 
states the general thrust of the 
strategy review. 

The ICMA is also commit- * 
ted as a result of the review to 

Public relations are a major 
concern of the review, which 
suggested that there should be 
a new marketing department. 
As a result, a marketing 
consultant starts work this 
week. Though this is only a 
two-day week appoint m e n t, it 
is expected to result in greaser 
activity. Increased marketing 
awareness is expected to help 
recruit students and improve 
the image of the institute in 
the press, is the profession; in 
industry and with the 

.The review was also con- 
cerned with improving com- 
munication with members 
ami a commzttee is currently 
looking at how best to achieve 
this aim. Among other ideas it 
is considering soring up a hot 
line, a freepost facility and a 
competition for good suggest 
tions. The review suggests the 
establishment of a senior 
members group to link past 
presidents and those promi- 
nent in business, a younger 
members group for the under 
30s. anda sudeni group. 

There axe also recommen- 
dations concerning interna- 
tional aspects of the institute's 
work, monitoring the educa- 
tion of IMCA students, help 

r r* 


V » 

Advertising curbs 
may be eased . 

for the 1,000 or so m e mb e r s in 
practice and contacts with 
other institutions. - 
The last of the options 
listed, to study the need for 
changed disciplinary proce- 
dures, could prove more con- 
troversial. Last year- the 
disciplinary committee, 


chaired by David Allen, con- 
sidered 15 < 

cases, considerably 
more than in previous years. 
Of the 11 cases decided an the 
year, one resulted in expulsion 
and five in some form 61 
reprimand, with five 
abandoned. • 

The disciplinary committee 

has already stated a review of 

publicising the opportunities ethical guide for members 
arising from the establishment » n * nFth ~ >»«**»*— h, 

of an ICMA chair a the 
London School of Economics. 
Professor Michael Bromwich, 
who bolds the post and is in 
addition vice president of the 
ICMA, will in the normal 
coarse of events succeed Peter 
tawrence as president of the 
institute. This alone should 
bring attention to his academ- 
ic pew. More research publica- 
tions are planned mid the 
review recommended that 
there should be a regular 
digest of research. 

and of the institute’s disciplin- 
ary procedures. It is also likely 
to look at the question of 
advertising, with a view tp 
relaxing restrictions in line 
with other professions. 

The proposals to establish a 
Livery company, which would 
have various charitable aims 
including the provision of 
bursaries for research, were 
defeated because the . council 
fell a Livery company was 
associated with City institu- 
tions, which the ICMA is not 


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3?" 5 

With more than 40,000 stu- 
dents world-wide, compared 
with a total of 25,000 qualified 
members — education and 
training plays a major role in 
the Institute of Cost and 
, Management Accountants’ 
1 policy. And, although h does 
not itself run or approve 
training courses, a tot of work 
goes into ensuring students are 
equipped to become the next 
generation of management 

But, the ICMA says, thi$ 
does not mean it churns out 
the bean counters and score 
keepers traditionally associat- 
ed with the accountancy pro- 
fession. Instead it sees its 
members as financial manag- 
ers, an integral part of a 
company's management 

Jhn Francis, UK audit man- 
ager at Reed International, 
thinks there are four main 
elements of a finance 
manager's job. He must act as 
controller; safeguarding and 
accounting for the company’s 
assets. As a decision mafay he 
must look, for example, at 
what to buy and how to 
market products; as a strategic 
planner he must consider the 
company’s future; and as a 
treasurer, monitor the 
company’s cash flow and de- 
cide bow to earn it and spend 

The training programme 
designed to equip students 
with these skills has two 
interlocking strands — exami- 
nations and practical experi- 
ence. To qualify as 1 a student, 
applicants need eithera degree 

w Quiversity entrance level 
qualifications. But to qualify 
for membership of the ICMA, 
students need broad . work 
experience as well as e«rm 

The institute sets both the 
syllabus and the exams. These 
were updated last year to 
incorporate changes in ac- 
counting, particularly ad- 
vances in information 
technology. Dr Alex Young, 
chairman of the education and 
training committee, says the 
aim oi the syllabus is “to 
pro vide a broad exam base 
which is I intend to the 
student's work in practice.” 

.The syflabus is in four 
stages, each with four 
The first three cover 
and analytic skills, including 
papers on law, economics, 
information technology and 
taxation. The final stajs, de- 
signed to test a candidate’s 
ability to work as part of a 

All the students 
work in industry 

management team, covers 
subjects such as decision mak- 
ing, strategic planning,- con- 
trol, audit and marketing. * 

Ail the ICMA’s students 
work in industry and to suit 
the requirements of different 
employers, studying can be 
done in a variety of ways 
ranging from block or day 
release courses at college or 
private tutors, to “ distan ce 
learning” by correspondence 

Devising a syllabus to suit 
this variety of study methods 

was not easy. One way the 
syllabus tries to help is by 
giving students an indication 

of the depth of knowledge 
required. Each part of the 
syikbus is marked on a scale 
from 1, meaning appreciation 
of the subject, to 4, which 
means the student should be 
able to apply the knowledge in 
practice. And the various 
parts of each paper are weight- 
ed as a guide to the amount of 
study time needed. 

The institute estimates that 
students of. average ability 
with so exemptions should 
complete the course in four to 
five years of part-time study, a 
year less if full time. Gradu- 
ates can qualify for exemp- 
tions so they should get 
through more quickly. 

But the exams are only half 
of it Before admission to 
membership students must 
also have at least three years' 
work experience, monitored 
by the ICMA through log 
books which the students keep 
throughout training. The ex- 
perience must include basic 
accounting, management ac- 
counting, decision making 
and co-operation with other 
departments in the 

This part of the training can 
only be carried out at work 
and that means co-operation 
and liaison with employers. 
Some companies do run struc- 
tured training courses and the 
ICMA will give help and 
advice to companies wishing 
to set one up. Similariy, it will 
approve training courses 
which meet its requirements. 



Economics | 





I Accounting! 

* ■ .. 

Decision makers Dr Alex Young, left, Jim Francis, and be- 
low, Tom Degenhardt and Son Giffin 

Company I Business 
taw ■ taxation 

techniques , 

Advance d 




Management Ma nagement 

Control and audit Strategic planning Fman ctel 

and marketing management 

The four stages to becoming a management accountant 

currently about 450 are on the 

while large comp ani es are 
most likely to have structured 
courses, this does not neces- 
sarily mean they are the best 
place to train. Small firms can 
offer a wide range of experi- 
ence because the accountant 
has to be a jack-of-all-trades. 

To encourage companies to 
set up schemes and to show 
how to run a good scheme, the 
institute runs a training award 
for companies with special 
management accounting pro- 
grammes. Last year’s winner 
was theTI Group. 

John Sellers, TTs group 
financial controller, sees, the 

irmin role of an accountant in 
the company as navigating: 
“Looking forward rather than 
back, planning the business, 
developing strategy, using the 
figures rather train simply 
producing them.” So the train- 
ing programme is rigorously 
structured to instill these qual- 
ities into new recruits. TTs 
aim is to equip these recruits 
to become directors of one of 
the group's smaller companies 
by tbeageof29. 

TI students study through 
correspondence courses but 
also have a senior official as a 
“mentor” . to guide them 
through training, sort out 
problems — and hound them 

when their performance slips. 
Training is split into four 
toms, ending with a spell in 
bead office learning how a pic 
rivals with the outside worid, 
including relations with share- 
holders and the City. 

The finance training 
scheme, which is pare of a 
wider management- course, 
has been going for about five 
years. Already, according to 
Mr Sellers, one trainee is 
almost ready to become a 
director. And he is only 26. 

But, in common with many 
others who offer good train- 
ing, TI does suffer from the 
“brain drain” syndrome. Too 
often people groomed by the 

group suddenly find them- 
selves very marketable and 
move on 

Rolls Royce, another ICMA 
training award winner, has 
similar problems. But Ron 
Giffin, controller of financial 

Qualification for 
all of industry 

planning, is philosophical. 
“We normally hold on to 
some. And the scheme does 
give us the benefit of having 
people with fresh minds com- 
ing through the organization, 
which really sharpens us up.” 

Marketability is something 
the ICMA prides itself on. The 
qualification is designed for all 
industry sectors, from the 
Civil Service to manufactur- 
ing. And members do work in 
all areas of business, at all 
levels. Of the 25,000 mem- 
bers, more than 25 per cent are 
in senior positions — directors, 
chairman, company secretar- 
ies and financial controllers. 

“I see it as a cradle-to-grave 
qualification,” says Reed’s Mr 
Francis. “And that can't be 

Heather Connon 

Head of corporate 
affairs, Accountancy Age 

The special manager in the headhunter’s sights 

The manager who is capable 
of manipulating information 
is increisingily becoming a 
valuable company asset aim is 
much sought after by the 
executive headhunters. He or 
she is a peculiar breed and has 
really only been spawned 
within the last decade. The 
species is also, a hybrid and 
marries the training of a 
management accountant with 
those of a technologist, or vice 

The new executive is vital 
to modern industry and com- 
merce, claim tbfr organisers of 
the ICMA’s “Informed 
Manager” confer ence being 
held in London today, because 
good information can give a 
company competitive advan- 
tage. That advantage is ac- 
quired by using Information 
Technology (TT) — tdecom- 
mumcations and computers — 
to process and package the 
data skillfully. 

At the heart of the revolu- 
tion is the microcomputer and 
the diffusion of computing 
power. A decade ago the 
information used by manage- 
ment was largely generated by 
the data processing experts 
who operated the company 
mainframe machines. The in- 
formation was produced for 
management fay man a g e m ent 
in formation service depart- 
ments whose daily, weekly or 
monthly reports on sales and 
production were the mainstay 
of the management decision 

process. Now that has 

The microcomputer has 
meant that a substantial num- 
ber of people who previously 
had no access to computing 
power have been encouraged 
to use iL A new kind of ability 
is no w required. Many manag- 
ers are stdl fearful of learning 
this skill- Some consider the 
machine s and the work they * 
process to be the responsibil- 
ities of their secretaries. These 
executives are however un- 
aware of foe importance of the - 
micro as a tool and how it can 
enhance - their ability to do 
theirjobs, The defegatesto the 
conference will be told this 
messag e. • 

Sophisticated telecommuni- 
cations links are another part 
of the information technology 
equation. Satellite and cable 
nciworks which connect conti- 
nents in seconds offer business 
users many facilities for voice 
and data carriage. 

The future needs of the 
modem business are informa- 
tion and decision making. The 
well informed manager will be 
numerate, aware ofthe techni- 
cal props he can use toenfl and 

process that information, and 
be an experienced decision 
maker. To compile the correct 
information for executive de- 
risions the type of data re- 
quired for intelligent 
selection by persons who un- 
derstand the decision-making 

Old methods are not only 

* w 

Today's breed of management accountants also need to have technological skills 

lb Be Successful In Information 
lanagement. You Need More Than 
lust The Right Connections. 

obsolete but cumbersome and 
time consuming. The modern 
approach allows quick compi- 
lation and updating of infor- 
mation fi les (called databases 
or databanks) and the elec- 
tronic transmission of the 

The Government, through 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry, declared 1982 Infor- 
mation Technology Year. The 
idea behind the promotion 
was to increase the awareness 
of IT among British manage- 
ment. There was euphoria 
during the year with the 
months of promotion ending' 
with a speech from Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher. 

The paperless office was 
within sight, it was then 
claimed. Full electronic offices 
were to become common- 
place. the British managers 
were loltf. The year finished 
with as much of the political 
euphoria as when it began. It 
was claused that Britain's 
managers were for more aware 
of the opportunities available 
to them through the new 
technology, and that they bad 

taken a giant step during the 
year towards matching their 
competitors in the US and 
Japan. The reality was quite 

Today’s conference proves 
that a substantial number ’of 
British managers and accoun- 
tants are still not aware of the 
opportunities available and 
that their company offices are 
fax from being electronic. 
Many are still working with 
outdated technology and per- 
forming with outdated 

The future strategy adopted 
by companies and their man- 
agers must, perceive the value 
or information. The Informa- 
tion Technology Advisory 
Panel (ITAP), the- recently 
.disbanded advisers to the 
Cabinet Office, about two 
years ago published a revolu- 
tionary document highlighting 
the value of information. The 
ITAP experts concluded that 
information is so important a 
commodity and is so crucial in 
making business decisions 
that it could be sold. Informa- 
tion is a new industry which 

aeJwnrfcM. And 

■? ^ T. ' ittf * m fegflas giB 



3. RBfY*on 

4. H Clay 

8.1 David 

■ 7. M Donning 

8. DEHs 

9. S Firth 

11. JGtodcfish 

12. MGobiraJ 
t A B Grant ■ 

1 5. V Gradate 

16. PHwris 

18. D Hartley 

19. Pftow«B 

20. R Jeffries 
21.S JeyaSnghsm 

22. MJeyan#h 

23. R Iterated • 

24. T Kumarendrsn 

25. MLadtey 

€> ' // 

should be given encourage- 
ment to grow, ITAP claimed. 

A number of major sources 
of such information, like the 
British Libaiy, have respond- 
ed to that call and formed 
their own confederation. The 
group promotes information 
as an industry but also at- 
tempts to convert manage- 
ments who have not yet 
discovered the true worth of 
well processed data. 

The IT message is not 
confined to the office. Factory j 
automation is pan of the same | 
conversion. Computer aided i 
design techniques, robotics 
and computer aided manufac- 
ture are veiy important ingre- 
dients - in the new 
manufacturing climate of the 

Plant managers and accoun- 
tants who work in manufac- 
ture must be as aware of the 
versatility of these new tech- 
niques as they are of the costs 
of their installation and how 
their usage can be reflected on 
the price of a product or 

According to the organizers 

28. R Lamar 
*28.0 Mahon 

29. TMaJ* 

31. MMaxsy 

32. PMc tayra 
3 3. T Mohamad 

3 6. M Pago 

37. BPuvftharan ■ 

38. R Rajkumor 
38. R Ridding 

40. JR8oy 

41. PSanmijgan 

42. G Shankar 

43. MS JAW 

44. S Stearajaft 

45. HSzczuRJwskj 

48. R Tapp 
47. P Taylor 

49. C Thom 

of The Informed Manager 
conference : “In the year 2000 
every function — marketing, 
production, distribution, re- 
search and design and finance 
— will all have their own 
computer operations. Each 
will be linked to provide the 
corporate information sys- 
tems for top management 
Senior management must 
have a strategy today to deal 
with the future. A strategy to 
create informed managers to 
help industry survive the 21si 

The future strategy is dictat- 
ed by the principal industrial 
competitors - the US, France, 
Germany and Japan. British 
accountants and managers 
must have a high level of 
technical education, they must 
be numerate and decision 

Japan and the United States 
excel in developing these skills 
among their managers and 
accountants: Managers and 
accountants have numerous 
opportunities to train or re- 
train to keep them up to date 
with the pace of information 
technology and how it can be 
harnessed for management’s , 
use. That requires a commit- 
ment which Britain has always 
been reluctant to make. How- | 
ever it is the only way 
forwardJt is the only future 

BOi Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 



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May 20: His Excellency Mr 
Peter Dyvig was received in 
audience by The Queen and 
presented his Letters of Cre- 
dence as Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary from 
Denmark to the Court of St 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy, who had the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty: 

Mr Knud' Arne fuam rMtntster Plenf- 
potemlaryl. Mr Svend R«Md Nielsen 
(Cowscoor (Economic /Consular AS- 
fairs 11. Mr Per Poutsan-Hanm iGoun- 
seuort. Mr Hans J Rosaen (Mfnlster- 

CoumeUor ( C om me rcial ASainB. Mr 
Jorgen Anl *“ - 

Anker Nielsen (Mimstcr-Cbun- 
vress/ Cultural Affairs) l. Mr I 
Jensen. I Minister -Counsellor 

(AgncuOuraJ AfftUrail. Cqkmel Finn 
Tlrigtefr (Defence An. 

nee Anactie) and Mr 

Joroeo Lylke (Commercial Attach*). 

Mrs Dyvig had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

Sir Antony Acland (Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present, and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

The President of the Euro- 
pean Parliament (Monsieur 
Pierre Pflimlin) had the honour 
of being received by The Queen. 

Mr Denton Bel isle was re- 
ceived in audience by Her 
Majesty upon his appointment 
as High Commissioner for Be- 
lize in London. 

Mrs Befisle had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

The Right Hon Margaret 
Thatcher. MP (Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury) 
had an audience of Her Majesty 
this evening. 

The Princess Anne, Mis Mark 
Phillips visited Cornwall today. 

Having been received by Her 
Majesty's Lord- Lieu tenant for 
Cornwall (the Viscount Fal- 
mouth). Her Royal Highness. 
President of the Missions to 

Seamen, this morning visited 
the M Lssions to Seamen Clubs at 
Foweyand Par. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips then drove to Trebai 
Refinery Plant and afterwards 
visited the premises of English 
China Clays (Chairman. Sir 
Alan Dalton) at Si Austell, and 
attended a Thanksgiving Ser- 
vice to commemorate the IDih 
Anniversary of the work of the 
Missions to Seamen in 

In the afternoon Her Royal 
Highness visited the Town of 
Pemyn to celebrate the 750th 
Anniversary of the granting of 
its Royal Charter and was 
received by the Mayor (Coun- 
cillor D Hocking]. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by Mrs Rich- 
ard Carew Pole, travelled in an 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight. 

Lady Rose Baring has suc- 
ceeded Lady Susan Hussey as 
Lady in Waiting to The Queen. 
May 20: The Duke of Gloucesr 
ter today visited RAF Odiham. 

His Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

The Duchess of Gloucester, as 
Patron of the National Associ- 
ation for Gifted Children, today 
presented the prizes for the 
Traveller of the Year Award at a 
Luncheon at the Savoy Hotel. 
London. In the evening Her 
Royal Highness, Vice-Patron of 
The Queen's Gub. attended a 
Reception to mark the Gub’s 
Centenary at The Queen's Club. 

May 20: The Duchess of Kent, 
Patron of the National Society 
for Cancer Relief, today visited 
St Luke's Nursing Home, Shef- 
field. Her Royal Highness later 
opened S win ton Bridge and the 
new Morphy Richards factory at 
Mexborough. South Yorkshire. 

A memorial service for Judas 
Sir Thomas Williams. QC. will 
be held in Lincoln's Inn Chapel 
at 5pm today. 

Chelsea Flower Show 

Ornamental bricks signal a trend 

The new trend in garden 
design shown at Chelsea this 
year Is the extensive use of 
ornamental brick walling, par- 
ticularly to create different 
levels. The result fa more 
pleasing than flat plots but 
expensive to endertake. 

Designers also seem to be in 
favour of larger paved areas 
for relaxation, reflecting the 
fashion for outdoor living. ' 

The Halifax Bnilding 
Society's courtyard garden s a 
fa<u» in point hot appropriate 
for a small enclosed plot 
There are raised and sunken 
pools, fountains and colomfnl 
hydrangeas in containers. 

The Help the Aged garden, 
designed for retired people, 
has raised borders, a pool and 
a substantial relaxation area. 
The designer. Robin Williams, 
feels tins type of garden 
should be built with retirement 
homes, not added later by the 

Woolworth’s gold-medal 
garden fa on several levels, 
formed by a great deal of 
brickwork and paring. It fea- 
tures a large pool and beds of 
rhododendrons and Japanese 

Jessie Church won The 
Sunday Times titerary garden 
competition with a 

By Alan Toogood. Horticulture Correspondent 
illustrating the Lbwood Or- with 40-yearold standard 

phanage School garden as 
described by Charlotte Brostd 
in Jam Eyre. At Chelsea h fa a 
delightful walled garden with a 
centrepiece of beds- mass 
planted with old-fashioned 
garden flowers. 

The conrtvard for a coentry 
garden, by Peter Rogers and 
Associates, of Umpsfield, 
Surrey, has gained a gold 
medal and judged to be tbe 
best garden at the show, and 
Hollington Nurseries, of 
Newbury, Berkshire, have 
aioA struck gold with their 
gourmet herb garden. 

There are some interesting 
ideas in the Garden Answers 
small garden* including a 
greenhouse which fits into a 
corner, specially designed ami 
built by CJL Whitehouse. If 
the greenhouse catches on it 
could be pat into production. 

Pergolas are featured in 
severe! gardens, including that 
of Alfred McAlpine Homes. 
Here the pergola fa decorated 
with bang in g baskets foil of 
colourful trailing pelargoni- 
ums- Again the original flat 
plot has been transformed into 
several levels. 

dipped bay trees and standard 

white daisy-flowered 


The pergolas in Christies 
eighteenth-century garden are 
clothed with okt-fashkmed 
climbers like honeysuckle and 
roses. The geometric beds are 
planted with grey and silver 
foliage plants and edged with 
clipped box. 

Dozens of hanging baskets 
dripping with fuchsias, pelar- 
eoninms a| d impatiens are a 
delightful feature of Erin and 
the British. Bedding Plants 
Association's garden 

Tbe British Trust for Con- 
servation Volunteers has a 
wildlife garden, sponsored by 
PradeotiaJL It has several hab- 
itats - a water feature, marsh 
area, woodland edge, flower 
meadow and butterfly border, 
all ina30ft by 25 ft plot. 

Bourne Bad. 

or C«t 

nardy iwowom " 
dry mw F* 
Bolomre. F__ 

Hark ness and Co. 
HBlIwWWs. iwes 




Nurseries, of" 

trees, shrubs- girood -cover plants and 
sSSrtSenE; w E^^SSmesof EM 

Gnnstead. Weal Sussex. dwarf end- 1 



Somertoo? U ’sorner*ff <W1 caratv proto 
(run. dowers, vegetables and _ oma : | 

I mental piarrte:MI 

Plante, of 

Plants ag* 

(no and t 

r (lower - 

n«naw> um -J AtratS. 

iMvb rose* and pewawaafl 


OaUetoh Nurseries, of Altwftirt. 
KaraoSurp. fuchsias and petaroo- 
mum* office National des DWoocnp 
Wtcotes et Homeoies. of Brussels. 
SSsiuri. ornament al an d houy 
plants: Ramparts Nursery, of .©*■ 
Chester. Essex, grey and stiver foliage 
plants aodptnfca: C Reuthe. of Keston. 
Kent rtwdoflendnpovaaaie^ jtuTOg; 

trwX "tStSegt "and ground-cover 
plants: Peter Rogers and 

The gold medal winners 


Aberdeen Dstrtct conned, cacti .and 

succulents: Jacques Ara»a. of ta- 

Tbe Faberge gold-medal 
-garden fea tares white pergolas 
and white containers planted 

don. buHjoos flowers: Anrnore _ 
tea. Of Lovedean. Hampshire. trep 
and suD-trupicai plants Steven r 
of uyrmngtun. Hampshire. carnaunp. 
ptnKs and oerbera: CKy of Bir- 
mingham. (lowering and stallage 
rdanls: Blackmon and Lanpdon. of 
Pentford. Bristol. begonias: Waiter 
BkKTj and Sons, erf Leavesden. 
Hertfordshire, tulips: Btoams Nurs- 
eries. of Bressmgham. Norfolk, dwarf 
comfere. afplne*. hardy perraurlais 
and shrubs. Bunvcoose and South- 
down Nurseries, of Redruth. Corn- 
wall- trees, shrubs and ornamental 
plants. BuBrrfteida Nuraerv. of 

Associates. of 

Stounb Co rpor at tan. Bucktoghafn- 
sMre sctvtzanthus and antirrhinums: 
p j smith, or Asmngton. Sussex, 

Southndd Nurseries, of Grimsby. 

South Humberside, cacn and 
succulents: South African Department 

of information, tndtoenou* plants of 
South Africa: It) Rat. of Lonttan- 
bonsah Three Counties Nurseries, of 

BridporL Dorset, garden pinks: TOT 
bay Borough council- Torquay. 


worth, of London. the Wool worth 

Birthdays today 

Mr R.W. Adam, 63; Lord 
Clydesmuir. 69; Professor 
G.HJ. Daysh, 85; Baron Guyde 
Rothschild. 77; Mr Malcolm 
Fraser. CH. 56; Mr Leonard 
Manasseh, 70; Lord Maxwell, 
67: Dr Leonard Mullins, 68; Mr 
Dipak Nandy. 50: Mr Andrew 
Neil, 37; Mr Forbes Robinson, 
60. Dr Andrei Sakharov. 65: 
Professor Sir David Smith. 56; 
Mr R.R. Welch. 57; Mr Des- 
mond Wilcox, 55; Lord Wil- 
loughby de Broke, 90, the Right 
Rev Mark Wood, 67. 



Sir Kirby Laing 
and Dr L Lewis 

The engagement is announced 
between Kirby Laing. of Mill 
HilL NW7. and Iso be! Lewis, of 
Uttle Venice. W9. 

Mr L. P. Boswell 
and Miss N. H. Smith 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Lome, second son of 
Lieutenant-General Sir Alexan- 
der and Lady Boswell. ofGuern- 
sey. and Noreen. youngest 
daughter of the late Robert 
(rover Smith and Mrs Joan 
Fulford and stepdaughter of Mt 
F reddie Fulford. of Salisbury. 

Mr C CemlyB-Jones 
and Miss J. Barrington 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs M. Cemlyn-Jones, of 2 
Kensington Place. Clifton, Bris- 
tol. and Jayne, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs A Barrington, of 77 
Kenmore Crescent, Filton, 

Mr I. T. Branson 
and Miss A. £. Keen 
The engagement fa announced 
between Ian. younger son of Mr 
and Mrs S. T. Branson, of 
Hanslope, Buckinghamshire, 
and Anne, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J. Keen, of Stewkley. 

Mr R. C. Clifton- Bnmn 
and Miss E. J. Oliver 
The engagement is announced 
between Ronald Colin, younger 
son of Mr and Mis R. L Clifton- 
Brown. of Little Bradley, Suf- 
folk. and Emily, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs L. J. M. 
Oliver, of Bury St Edmunds, 

Mr J. Havranek 
and Miss M- BendaB 
The engagement fa announced 
between John Havranek. of 
Fening, Sussex, and Marlene 
BendaU, of Hong Kong. 

Mr S. C. Heritage 
and Miss £. M-lL Eyre 
The engagement fa announced 
between Simon, younger son of 
the late D. S. E. Heritage and 
Mrs James Edmunds, of The 
Old Vicarage, Great Sfaugbton. 
Huntingdonshire, and Esther, 
youngest daughter of Air Com- 
modore and Mrs Ambrose Eyre, 
of 15 Sion HilL Lansdown. 
Bath, Avon. 

Mr A. C. P. Norton 
and Miss S.CJ. Bywater 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, elder son of 
Major C P. Norton, of 
Coldsione House, Ascott-Un- 
der-Wychwood. Oxfordshire, 
and of Mis Quintin Curzon. JP. 
of Daluaine, Rhyme, Aberdeen- 
shire, and Jane, only daughter of 
Dr and Mrs K. H. Bywater, of 
Haward House, Old Road, 
Ruddi (igloo. Nottinghamshire. 

Mr J. E. G Percy 
and Miss G. P. LoveO-Badge 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
the late Mr Harry Perry and Mrs 
Harry Percy, of Rackheath, 
Norfolk, and Gay, only daugh- 
ter of Mrs John Cator, and 
stepdaughter of Mr John Cator, 
of Woodbastwick. Norfolk. 

Memorial services 

Viscountess Broome 
A memorial service for 
Viscountess Broome was held 
yesterday at Chelsea Old 
Church. The Rev C.E. Leigh Lon- 
Thomson officiated. Mrs R. F. 
Hui ton- Jones and Mr Pfeter 
Toynbee read the lessons. 
Among others present were: 

Earl KUdMocr of Khartoum non). 

Lady Kenya Tan orv Brown (daughter). 

MUs Emma KUctiener. .. . 
fUnnson and Mrs P B Amleby 
igrandctiUdrem. Mr* R Toynbee (Wy- 
ler). Mrs Peter Toynbee. Mrs Michael 
Toynbee. Mr and Mm D Toynbee. Mr 

Simon Toynbee. Mr. Ian Monins. Mr 

Ray MDrtns. Mbs B Marc. Mr and 
Mrs Michael Graham Jones. Mr 
Sebastian Graham- Jones. Mr and Mrs 
V/ Tadotv-Brcrwjv- 

Lom Thomas of Swynnerion. the 
Mrs Neville RoMnstm. Sir James 



Lady BonomMy. Lady 


I Peter 

Bryan; Lady Simmons. Mr 

■y. MP. Mr Hugh Bottomley 
Eric Kamorn, Mr 

W ingroras. Mr J Pemberton. 

Miss P 
id Mrs 

Mr G Dakin ml Mr l R PhlUlns 
(Kitchener Scholars Association) wlih 
Mrs Phillips and Mrs J A Croak 
uvgrmenima Uie secretary. Lord 
Kitchener Naoooal Memorial FUn£U. 

] Dinners 

Mr RJS. Harvey, QC 
The Prime Minister was repre- 
sented by Sir lan PereivaL QC, 
MP. who also represented tbe 
Chairman of the Conservative 
Party, at a memorial service for 
Mr Jon Harvey. QC. held in the 
Chapel of Gray’s inn on Mon- 
day. Canon Eric James offici- 
ated. assisted- by Father Hugh 
McAleese. Judge Richards read 
from The Imitation of Christ , by 
Thomas 8 Kempis, and Lord 
If Justice O'Connor read the les- 
son. Mr Justice Mars- Jones gave 
an address. Among others 
present were: 

Science report 

Tempting the Scots skipper back 

Tbe cfaeqnered skipper fa a 
small butterfly which some- 
times displays aggressive hab- 
its. Mr Ray Collier, who has 
studied the insect for many 
years, says that the Scottish 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

By the time the chequered other the felling of traditional 
skipper had been given full broadleaved woodland to make 
legal protection against dfatnr- room for conifer plantations, 
bailee and destruction it had The best home for the 

and lethargic than their 
glfah cousins. 

He suggests that woodland 
arranged for the butterflies 
should contain tall plants that 
the male butterflies can use as 
“perches when defending 

He does not claim that the 
difference in character be- 
tween the Scots and English 
accounts for their differing 
fates. The butterfly became 
extinct in England more than 
10 years ago, since when some 
40 breeding colonies have been 
found near the western coast of 
tbe Highland region 

disappeared from all its En- 
glish haunts. It was never 
common, but more than 100 
years ago was found in much of 
southern and eastern England. 
As late as 1961 it was de- 
scribed as being in no appar- 
ent danger id extinction. 

Mr Collier, reposal chief 
warden in north-west Scotland 
of the Nature Conservancy 
Council, the main wildlife 
quango, thinks it is time to try 
to persnade the butterfly to 
live in England again. He says 
in a report published by toe 
council that there are two main 
reasons for its decline. 

chequered skipper fa a broad 
woodland path which provides 
shelter and sun traps. The 
insect also needs a supply of 
toe right kinds of grass for its 

Mr Collier says that condi- 
tions have improved so orach 
in many of toe butterfly's 
former English haunts that it 
is worth considering a five- 
year programme to reintro- 
duce (weeding pairs caught In 

One fa forest fires hi some of 
its main strongholds and the 

Conservation of the 
Chequered Skipper, Nature 
Conservancy Council (inter- 
pretive Services), Nortiuuinster 
House, Peterborough. Cambs 
PEI 1UA; £150, including 

Mrs Harvey tvrtfowX Mr Bagenkl 
Harvey (Brother). Dr Lama Denton 
(stt«er -in-law l Mr Edward Smart 
Gray. Mrs Lama Rossbottocn. Mr and 
Mrs Frank iTAfimi. Mr and Mrs 
James Waugh. Mia John NutWL 
Lord HooRotv QC measurer of 
•5 Inn). Lord and Lady Edmund- 

TorniUchmTafl^'^vSt? of StokrfTsr 
John MegawTiMr John WaBer. Lord 

justice trooxn-Jorinson, Mr Peter 

Thomas. QC. MP. Lady Audrey 
Morris, we Han James and Mrs 
Adder ley. (he Hon Nigel Adderiey. Sir 
Arnold de Montmorency. Mr Justice 

Kennedy- Mr Justice VlneioU. Mr 
Justice Ewtank. Mr Justice Anthony 
Evans. Mrs justice HeMbnm. Mr 

Justice Wane. Mrs Justice BuOer 
Stoss. Sir Ralph Kllner Brown, str 
Mjurice Bathurst QC. Sir Patrick 
Maytiew. QC. MP ueoresennng me 
Attorney-General). Lady Mars- Jones. 
Sir Edward Gardner. QC. MP. and 
Lady Gardner. Lady (Peter) Taylor. 
Lady CHoyl Wilson. 

Mr Leonard Capton. QC. Mr Rich- 
ard Stone. QC. and Mrs Stone. J ~ 
E*yr Lewis, 

- - QC. an d Mis Lewisl'sSr 
Richard Da Gann. QC. Mr Maurice 
Price. QC. Mr “ 

Peter Weltzman, QC. 

Mr John Gatlins. QC. and Mr* CoU (ns. 
Mr Lionet Read. QC. Mr Jullm Jeffs. 

QC. Mr Robert Harman. QC. Mr 
Owen Swinoiand. QC. Mr lam Buck. 
QC. and Mrs Black. Mr Manus Nunan. 
QC. Mr Charles Whlttar. QC. Mr 
Matcotm Lee. QC. Mr Richard 
wakeney. QC. judge Clarkson. QC. 


the Court' 

.. „ .. J London) 

MTV McWlUUm. Mr Charles 

Harvey (City of London Circle of the 
euenian Association). Mbs Ratrioa 
Skumore. Mr HaroJO Antin. Judge 
Francis.. Petre, vjiss Elizabeth 

EkamweU ted uw. 77x- Lav Sonny's 
Gazrttet. Mr Michael RuWnstrtn. Mr 
Charles Carey rrhomas More Soct- 
ejyl, Mr Steobeti Lewtn tcrosman. 
Hock and Keith). Mr Ernie Money. 
MIS6 Pamela Thomas i Conservative 
Uwyemv, u Judge wd Mn Coim 

SJeeman. the Pubbc Trustee and Mn 
Boland.. Mr Alan R Tyrrell. C _ 

Boland. Mr Alan R Tyrrell. QC- MEP. 
and Mrs Tyrrell. Mr and Mrs N 
Bridges- Adarm. Mr H D Moore 

•Newtown School). Mr Stephen 
liege. Dublin'. 

Richardson (Trinity College. L 

Judge waikin PoweU and His Honour 

and Mrs T Dewar. 


KM Government 
The Defence Council enter- 
tained the defence and service 
attaches in the United Kingdom 
and their ladies at a reception 
given in their honour by Her 
Majesty's Government at Lan- 
caster House yesterday evening. 
The guests were received by tbe 
Secretary of State for Defence 
and Mrs Younger and the Chief 
of the General Staff and Lady 

Lord Murray of Epping Forest 
Lord Murray of Epping Forest, 
Vice-Chairman of the National 
Children's Home, entertained 
Rank Hovfa Limited at a recep- 
tion in the House of Lords to 
acknowledge . a donation of 
£10,000 raised by Rank Hovis 
through family bakers. Among 
those present were: 

Mr L A Conen. MM J J Denote. Mr R 
D Sinclair. Mr D Kyles. Mr C C 
McGoklrlcfc. Mr W C Paterson and Mr 
R S Reid. 

Lord Advocate and Lady^ CmergnoT 

Lorfioroom. the Presktont cd 

or Season and Lady Emsile. sir 
Crispin and Lady Agnew of Lochpaw. 
Sir Michael and Lady Hemes. 
Lieutenant-General Sir Norman and 
Lady Arthur, the Governor Of the 
Bank of Scotland and Lady Risk, the 
Principal and VioeOxancdlar of Sai- 
ling Untv natty and Cady Alexander. 
Sir janur and Lady Swrmonth 
Darting. Sir James Martorl hanks, the 

_ of stall- for Scouand and 

Vice- Admiral and Mrs C 

. Air VK*-Sdarsha! an a 

Mrs David BrooL. the Moderator of 

Secretary of 
Mrs RUUnd. 

M s va 

Itie Hjtfi ConsiaWes and Mrs Jackson, 
the Chief constable or Lnmian and 

Borden and Mrs Sutherland and me 
Chairman of (he Notional Trust for 
Scotland and Mrs Cuthben. 

Enropcan-Atiantic Group 
The Emopean-Atlantic Group 
held a meeting yesterday at tire 
House of Commons, sponsored 
by Sir Antony Buck, QC. MP. 
Dr Rhodes James. MP, presided 
and the other speakers were Sir 
Antony Buck. QC MP, Lord 
Stewart of Fulham, and Lord 
Rennet A dinner was held 
afterwards at St James's Hotel in 
honour of Sir Anthony Parsons. 
Sir Frank Roberts was in the 
chair and Lord Layton, presi- 
dent also spoke. 

Royal College of Veterinary 

Lord High Conunfasaoner 
Tbe Lord High Commissioner 
to the General Assembly of tbe 
Church of Scotland and the 
Viscountess of ArbuLhnott 
entertained at dinner last night 
at the Palace of Holyroodhouse. 
The guests included: 

TlW Moderator Ot me General Assem- 
bly Of n» enured of Scotland and Mrs 
Craig, the Countess or Dunmare. the 

Dr Mark Hughes, MP, spon- 
sored a dinner held last night at 
the House of Commons for the 
Royal College of Veterinary 
Surgeons. Among those present 


PTOferoor i a saver. Profeam- E j L 
Soufcoy. Mr A J Parr y., M r J H 
Parsons. Mr A R W Porter. Mr S 
CrovS^r. MP Mr R CorbetL MP. Mr 
T Lewis, mp. Mr S Randall. MP. and 
Mr T Toroey. MP. 

Loretto School 

The Loretto/ Heriot- Watt 
University lecture will be given 
in the Loretto Theatre by Sir 
Hector Laing (OL) on Friday, 
May 23. 1986, at 8 pm. Before 
his lecture Sir Hector win 
present tbe Loretto/Heriot-Watt 
Essay Prize of a £1,000 Indus- 
trial Travel Scholarship to the 
winner. Catherine Palmer, of 
Penicuik High School Further 
Industrial Project Prizes of £500 
and £250 will be awarded to 
Christopher Adams, of George 
Heriot’s School and Jon 
■Gough, of Charterhouse. Tbe 
lecture and essay prize mark the 
particular contribution of 
Loretto and Heriot-Watt 
University to Industry Year 

Mafor S m o hnW y CO. Owen erne 
Downs School WnraH). 

Major Scholarship CrmolcJ: H.T.S. 
WTtkkn- iCMM Court SawoL Corf* 
Mullen). _ _ 

Minor Scholarship: CXE- Pearce 
(CoUvta House School. Abingdon). _ 
Minor Scholarship (murtcF AJ*. 
stadies (Fine Platt School. MMden- 

Exhibitions: A.O. Stake (Monlaoa 
Combe Jualor School), C-R Body-cole 
(MonJdan Oombe Junior School). O.L. 
Jackson (Moniaon COmbe Junior 
School). ACM- Kerr (Boaudesert 
Park, MhKtttnhamptoD). M Thornton 
(Dunukon School, wimborne). M.C. 
Wvau (MonKlon Combe junior 

Westminster School 

The following have been elected 
to Queen's Scholarships: 

D.A. Rod leek (Dulwich College 

gssssssr &agftd£& ^ 

)Srtt^§^^’. twwich). aw. Crouch 

(Beectiwood Wrtc School. MarkyaU ). 
G.M. Lester tDulwKh CoBegc Pregaro- 

tary^Schpol). V.M. Uwdl PdP9> 

Monkton Combe 

_ SchdoL 
Perry (SpruUon 
Northaitts). DJL 

Tbe following awards have been 

Tbe following have been 
awarded honorary scholarships: 

S.H. Harwooo -Levin (Lyodhurw 
House School), lf. QtHasn.rThe Ham. 

TtHnster Under School). 


Corporatimi of (he Sons of die 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Sir Christopher Leaver, Loro 
Mayor locum tenens, and Lady 
Leaver, accompanied by Mr 
Sheriff and Mis Jack Neary, 
were present at die annual 
festival service of tbe Corpora- 
tion of the Sons of the Clergy 
held yesterday in St Paul's 
Cathedral. The Dean preached 
the sermon 

Sir Charles and Lady Taylor 
The Lord Chancellor and the 
Speaker were present at a ser- 
vice of thanksgiving held on 
May 20. 1986, at St Margaret's. 
Westminster, on the occasion of 
the fiftieth wedding anniversary 
of Sir Charles and Lady Taylor. 
Canon T. Beeson officiated. 

A reception was bdd after- 
wards in St Catherine’? Chapel 
garden for family and dose 
friends, by permission of the 
Dean and Chapter of West- 
minster Abbey. 



Ashmolean authority on 
Roman coinage 

* \ 



Dc Humphrey Sutherland, 
ihe foremost Roman numis- 
matist of his time and the 
distinguished Keeper of the 
Heberden Coin Room, m the 
Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 
from 1957 till his retirement 
in 1975. died on May 14. 

He built up the department 
into an internationally recog- 
nized centre of numismatic 
research and teaching, based 
on its collection whose rich- 
ness he did mud) to increase. 

Carol Humphrey Vivian 
Sutherland was born in 1908. 
arid educated at Westminster 
and Christ Church. Oxford. 
He joined the staff of the Coin 
Room in 1932. as part-time 
assistant to J. G. Milne. 

His first major numismatic 
interest was the coinage of 
Ancient Britain, on which be 
published, in 1937, his earliest 
substantial ^work. Coinage and 
Currency in Roman Britain. 
In this, and in many articles, 
he devoted particular atten- 
tion to the barbarous imita- 
tions of Roman coinage, of 
which he established the basic 

It was characteristic of the 
breadth of his interest that his 
next study should have been 
Anglo-Saxon Gold Coinage 
(1948). based on tbe unique 
Crondail hoard, which 
through his initiative was 
acquired for the Ashmolean in 

There next appeared, in 
1951, Coinage in Roman Im- 
perial Policy. 31BC - 68AD. 
This valuable interpretative 
study of the contents of Ro- 
man coinage on political his- 
tory was the fruit of many 
years’ teaching and critical 

Since 1938, Sutherland had 
been a joint editor of the series 
of volumes of Roman Imperi- 
al Coinage. and from 1951 set 
himself to assemble the enor- 
mously varied and complicat- 
ed material for the period 294 
- 313AJ>, the result was the 

first systematic study of this 
coinage, which appeared as 
volume VI in 196?. 

In 1984 he published a 
monumental revised edition 
of the first volume, covering 
the period 31 BC - 69 a D, 
Other works included The 
Cisrdphori of Augustus <1970) 
and his Catalogue cf Coins of 
the Roman Empire in thik 
Ashmolean Museum. ( 1 97Sf 
with C. M. Kraav. 

Art in Coinage (1955) and 
Gold fl959L reflected hir in- 
terest in the aesthetic aspect of 
coinage (he was toe brother of 
the artist. Graham 

He was elected a student of 
Christ Church io 1945, and 
was their extremely active 
Curator of Pictures from 1947 
- 1955 and again from 1970 - 

He was President of the 
Royal Numismatic Society 
from 1948 - 1 953 where he did 
much to revive tbe life of the 
society after the restrictions oU 
toe war. 

He was also President of the 
International Numismatic 
Commission from i960 - 
1973; he had been a member 
of toe Royal Mint Advisory 
Committee since 1963: and 
was a governor of Westmin- 
ster and Wallingford schools. 

Many honours came to him 
from tome and abroad. Ox- 
ford University conferred on 
him a DLitt in 1945; in 1970 
be was created a CBE and 
elected a Fellow of the British 

Academic pre-eminence 
was combined in Sutherland 
with humanity, kindness and ^ 
schoriariy humility. His col- 
leagues and generations of his 
pupils have cause to be grate- 
ful for his unfailingly, thought- 
ful and practical concern for 
their interests. 

He married, in 1933. Moni- 
ca La Fontaine, widow of 
Canon R. W. Porter, who'died 
in 1982 

w ‘ ' 


«*. .. 


r" f 


"v ■’ 

. c ■ 


Mr Henry P. McHhenny, 
the philanthropist and collec- 
tor of nineteenth century 
French and English paintings, 
has died at toe age of 75. 

Bom in Philadelphia, he 
served the city's museum 
from 1935 to 1964, interrupt- 
ed only by a four-year absence 
during the Second World War 
for naval duty. 

His collection, begun while 
he was a student at Harvard, 
contained about 50 items, all 
considered museum .duality 
and among them works by 
Van Gogh, Matisse and 

George Melly writes: 

In his native Philadelphia, 
Henry Mdlbenny will be 
rightly honoured as a philan- 
thropist, a benefactor of the 
arts, a famous gardener and a 
distinguished public figure. 

Unlike so many rich men, 
he never confined himself to 
the company of those equally 

wealthy, nor did he choose to 
surround himself only by toe 
famous or distinguished. Any- 
one he took to was welcome, 
and while not uncritical and 
something of an inspired gos- 
sip. he remained profoundly 
loyal to those he considered to , 
be true friends. 

At Glenveagh Castle, in 
County Donegal he was the 
most generous and amusing 

He was equally both delight- 
ed and touched to find himself 
a guest, however simple the 
entertainment on offer. 

To think of Henry is to 
recall instantly that look of a 
worldly but kindly prelate, 
that stately turn of toe head, 
that air of assumed outrage as 
he launched into some unlike- 
ly (allegedly true) Fiibankian 
tale prefaced by his inevitable 
cry: “My dear._“ 

It is painful to realise that 
we shall never bear it again. 

M ^ 

It ' 



Vice-Admiral Sir Maxwell 
Richmond, KBE, CB, DSO. 
who was awarded the Distin- 
guished Service Order and the 
Russian Order of the Red 
Banner for his work on Mur- 
mansk convoys during the 
Second Wortd War, died on 
May 15 at his home in 
Whangerei, New Zealand. He 
was 85. 

He joined toe Royal Navy 
in 1918 and was promoted to 
lieutenant in 1922, specializ- 
ing in navigation. 

He reached toe rank of 
captain in 1 942, rear-admiral 
in 1952, and was promoted 
vice-admiral in 1 954. 

Richmond was awarded toe 
Croix de Guerre in 1945. 

Corate Alain de Serigny, an 
influential supporter of 
French rule in Algeria during 
tbe turbulent years leading up 
to independence in 1962, died 
in Paris on May 16, aged 74. 

An enthusiastic supporter of 
General Charles de Gaulle at 
the start of the Fifth Republic, 
de Serigny broke away when 
de Gaulle called for seif 
determination for Algeria. 

De Serigny, who was direc- 
tor of the prestigious newspa- 
per, l 'Echo d' Alger, rallied to 
toe cause of toe French gener- 
als who staged toe revolt 
against toe Paris government 
He was later aquitted by a 
military tribunal of involve- 
ment in toe uprising after a 
four-month trial. 

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t. fi Inal i SbwL Uodan Cl. 

Rmorr win iw me toy or Oty tpvauan 

whj URMM n» win ttiy In, mrn. 
Psalm s>. 12 


BASS On May 1 6th. 1986. to Rose- 
mary. Infe A Den; and Howard, a 
daughter Sarah Catherine, a staler 
(or Helen. 

CAW, On 18 th May lo Elaine in«e 
HewMwei and Richard, a daughter 
Hamel Ehxabeth Anne, a osier for 
L ucy. 

CARTER on 19th May at HudderaSeM 
R.l. to tvendy (nee Walker) and 
Tony, a son Pelham James 

CttAHOANOn 19th May. io Rosemary 
and Timotny at me Famborough 
HosgiiaL Bromley, a son Timothy 
James Anthony. 

COHVY On May 16th to vicuna and 
William, a daughter. 

MYLMRANO Ob «h May at the 
Royal Free Hosptt&L Hanmawi u 
Maryanne ana Boa. a am Pttncfc. 

On 16th May M University 
College HosptUL to May and Cor- 
don. a daughter Alteon Victoria, a 
tester for Andrew. 

CfKfTCHLEY On May 17Th to Anne 
and William, a daughter. Daisy 

DALLAS On May 16th to James & 
Annabel into Ham), a daughter 
Katherine Delphlne. 

CLAUD On May 13th » Rtnannon 
wynn Jones, wife of Michael Eland a 
daughter Chanorte Sophie Fatrbum 

GIBSON on May 17th to Melanie (nee 

• waller*) and Pun. a daughter. Lucy 
La vi m e 

HUMMsmr - OB May 17Ui to Kris 
i nee Morris) and MIc. a son Paul 

MacFADYEJf On May 17th at St 
Thomas’ Hospital, lo Oveiyne (neede 
Vergneite) and Alan, a daughter 
Camilla Mane Anne. 

MARSHALL - On May 16 th. 1986. to 
Paul and JIU. (Cooldeii). a second 
daughter, verity Manna Frances. 

MAUOC-ftOXBY On I5ut May at 
Guy’s Hospital, to Ptwillda and Mk 
chart, a son. Ftotnck Wintam. a 
brother (or Alastair. Many thanks to 
ail (he staff. 

MULVUtaL - On 16th May. at New 
Cross Hospital. Wolverhampton, lo 
Hilary and MtctaeL a son. Christian 
Jackson Michael. 

NEWLYMOn 1601 May 1986 lo Alteon 
and Shun, a daughter Harriet, a sta- 
l er for Oliver. 

on 16th May 1986 to Lord 
and Lady Justin Phipps at 
St Thomas's Hospnat a daughter. 

FRENDEROAST On May 19th at 

k Pembuzy HonliaL k> Joanna and 
Oirtstooher. a star Michael James. 

PMDEAUX On 18th May 1986. at the 
Portland Hospital. Wl. to ArabeQtl 
and James, a son. 

TAYLOR on 28th Apti) at York Dte- 
tnct Hospital, to Dune wee 
MaznhHne) and Gregory, a bay. 
Daniel Edward James. 


nRCR anuAN s mss cfh 

H U L L S . The marriage look place at 
Kings College Aoentoen. on Friday 
2nd May between Dr Robert Wlltan 
and Km Hand Mills. 
On Saturday 1 7 in May. at 
OtartCfhouse. London ECl Captam 
RKfiani Folk**, second son of Mr 
and Mrs Paul Follies, of Anoois Ann. 
Hampshire io Fiona daughter of Mr 
and Mrs lan Mac*elfar ol Cowden, 


BARRON On May 1 8 th 1986. Marga- 
ret Grace BraorooK aged 78 years, at 
Pem ns House. Malvern. Funeral ser- 
vice al Worcester Crematorium, on 
Wednesday May 28th at 12 noon. No 
f lowe rs. 

BATSTONE On I6th May. 1986. 
peacefully after a long illness borne 
with great fortitude. John Harold 
Frank Batstone F.R.CS. aged 61 
years. Much laved husband Of Hilary 
and dear rather of William. Ton and 
Bose. Funeral Service. St Lakes 
Church. Sydney Street Chelsea 
SW3. on Wednesday 2lst May at 
2.16 pan. Followed by cremation. 
Flowers and enquiries lo J H Kenyon 
Lid. 49 Marines RcL W8or Donations 
to Parkinsons Di s e as e Society 

BEMSOM Dr Robert FRCP cardtolfr- 
gtst. of Rodmell. Bfakney. Norfolk. 
On Friday May 16th tamer of Justin. 
Kristine. Elizabeth -Arm. and Peter. 
Most dear and loving companion of 
Jean. Funeral Service at SL Faiths 
Crematorium. Norwich. Norfolk on 
Friday May 23rd al IO am. followed 
by thanksgiving service at SL Nicho- 
las Church. Blakeny. Norfolk at 3 
um. Family flowers only to S. P. Sut- 
ton Burnt street Wells- next- to- the- 
sea. Norfolk. Bui If desired: dona- 
tions to The British Heart 

Foundation. c/o Barclays Bank. Hott 

RAV On 16th May at Farnbcrough 
Hospital. KenL Liman Bray of Or- 
chard Road. Bromley, dear wife of 
George and loving mother of James 
and Barbara. To be received into SL 
Joseph's RC Church Bromley tar a 
Mass on Thursday. 22nd May al 
7.16pm. Reoumn Mam on Friday 
23rd at 11.00am followed by inter- 
ment at Plasww C e met e ry. 

CARPENTER Suddenly oo May 14th. 
Dudley aged 86 years, of Pnory 
Road. MaNera. beloved father of Au- 
drey. Funeral Service al Worcester 
crematorium, on Friday May 23rd al 
3.30 pto. No flowers by ivauest. but if 
desired donauons to the RS.PB.. 
The Lodge. Sandy. Bedfordshire 
SC19 2DL- 

C08MSH BOWDEN ADieMon Claude 
Muir on 16th May ax Herman us. 
Cape Province. South Africa aged 76 
after a snort Illness, very dearly 
toted husband ot Bobtw and lcning 
father ot Ttkf. Noo. Martin and Si- 
mon (deceased) Private cremation 
on 2 1st May. a Memorial Service 
will oe imM a * a later date. Donations 
If desired io me South African Ira- 
luie of Race RrtaBura. PO box 97. 

CZARTORYSN - On May 16th 1986 
peacefully al Pmley Nursing Hospi- 
tal. Wrexham, io Ms 89th year. Jan 
Roman, father of Natalka and of me 
late Andraei. beloved ^and father or 
Anna. Lmasa and Guy. Funeral at 
Peniey. an Friday 23rd May 
ll.OOam. Enquiries to Caldecott A 
Sons Ud. 12 Penybryn. Wrexham. 
CJwyd. Donations lo Frienda of tne 
Blind. Wrexham. 

On May !7th 1986. 
peacefully Peter, devoted husband of 
the law Betty- very dearly loved fa- 
ther of Anne. Susan and the late 
Nicholas, adored Bumpah of Sarah 
and Lucy. Jane and Peter. Funeral 
service at St Aldan's Church. 
Bamburgh. on Friday 23rd May at 
2.50pm. Flowers maybe sent to J 
Bardoen A Sons. Oakwood House. 
Westgale Road. Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne NEA 9PQ. 

ELKES - Dr. Alex. 180) May 1986. 
peacefully at home, with his family, 
alter a tong illness bravely borne 
dearly loved Husband of June, and 
beloved father of Jonathan. Funeral 
on Fnday 23rd May. Service 
2-OOpm. at SL Mary's CSturch. New- 
ton 5ouwy. Derbyshire. Family 
flowers. Donabons to Dr. V.M. 
uveaux. Nightingale Macmillan 
Continuing Care Utdl far Cancer Re- 
lief. Trinity Street. Derby. 

FAteUE On May 16Bi suddenly wtidst 
oo hohday in the Azores. Ann Coo- 
stance. Dearly loved wife of David 
Ogihy F turtle of Myree and mum 
loved sister of Susan Gale Seldom 
Funeral to be heu (n Madeira. Me- 
morial service will be held in Fife at a 
later dale. RIP- 

raw on May I9ltu peacefully at 
home. Shaiesbrook. Fore* Row. Jen- 
nie. beloved wife or Alfred (Boot 
Mother of Jill. Christopher and Tessa 
and mum loved gran d n wm cr. Cre- 
mation Private. Memorial service on 
June 5th at 12 noon al Our Lady of 
Uw Forest Cathode Church. Hanneid 
Rd. Forest Row. Friends welcome al 
Shaiesbrook afterwards. 

GALLOWAY Mona. On May 17th at 
Sev onoaks Hospital pgpd 75. mother 
m Peter and Anne Funeral service at 
St Bmotph’s Church, cneveiuiig. 
Tueway Mai 27th al 2.1Spm. 
followed by cremation al Tunoruge 
Vveifc. Crematorium, Family flowen 
only. Don dii dos. if desired, to tne 
British Heart Foundation or lo 
Cam-er Research Fund. 

HARRIS Phyllis Mary on Thursday 
15th May at Eastbourne Dhtrtct Gen- 
eral **ospHal. widow of CoL R.C. 
Harris XXtb Lancashire Furthers, 
apd mother of Cynthia Cas W la n . of 
The Spmney. 91 Bower Lane. 
Rugetey. S ta fford shi re. Private 

HESS jOrgen. VtoUnisL «A Chalmers 
CresceoL Edmburgti. EH9 iTR. 
Dcarty loved husband of Gabnelie 
«Gay> and father of Martm. Andrea. 
Jonathan. Rachel and Beniamin. 
Passed away suddenly on May iBth 
while on a concert lour. Cremation 
Bournemouth Crematorium 2^6pn 
Friday 23rd May. preceded by ser- 
vice for relatives and friends l.OOpm 
at Shelling School. Ringwood. Hants. 

WNDS-HOWCLL On May 17tn. 1986. 
peacefully. Conrad Richard (DicX) in 
his 81 st year. Dearly loved by Ms 
wife Beryl. Ms three daughters and 
Ihetr families. Funeral private. 

Suddenly on 17th 
May. Elizabetn Noton (Betty), youn- 
gest daughter of Die ute Sir John and 
Lady Hope Shnsson. Funeral Service 
at Bracfciey Parish Church, at 2.00 
pm on Friday 23rd May. Family 
ftowera only. Did donations if desired 
to Tretoar Trust, Alton. Hants. 

RESALE On May 18th. at his (tome. 
East Crags. B n— dhwgBe Lake. 
Cumbria. John (Ttm) dearly loved 
husband of Yvonne and father of 
Jane- Funeral Friday May 23rd at 
2.30 pm. 8i John's Church. 
Workington. Cumbna. followed by 
interment at SetmurUty. 

LAWSON Very suddenly and 
peacefully, at home on 2ou> May 
1986. Elizabeth Media tn*e 
Moleswonh). Loving mother of 
Neale. Joy and Frances and much 
tov ed grandmother of Prudence. 
Nancv-Jane. venetia. Soptue. 
Susanna. Ettaabetn. Cnrtstopher and 
Timotny Cremation private. 
Thanksgiving Service 3.00pm. 
Friday 23rd May. al St Andrew's. 
Yetmumer. Family Dowers only. 
Donations, if desired, to die Mane 
Cone Memorial Foundation. 199 
Sloane Street. London SWLX 9RF. 

LOWE On 18th May 1986. peacefully 
aUer a long illness borne with 
Immense courage. David Edwin. 
Funeral Friday May 23rd at 3.30ptn 
Wofcmg Cremaiomnn. All engulrres 
to Woking Funeral Service. Tel 
0d862 6175d. 

****** On the 17 th May 1986 
peacefully al her home hi Woodttde 
Park Mary widow of Reg. Funeral 
service at Hendon Crematorium on 
Frway ZSih m ay at 2 30 pm. Dona- 
bon» if neared to R.naj. 

MACINTOSH Eric Douglas, suddenly 
on 1 8th May 1986. at hone tn 
SouthPOTL Queensland aged 97. Be- 
loved husband of the late Vera 
Etohlnstone and father of BUL Bob 
and Margaret. Also of IO WHbraham 
Place. London SWL Funeral Uniting 
Church. Neraog Street. Southport. 
22nd May 1986. 

MANGMt Peacefully at home on May 
17th. Elsie aged 90. widow of the 
late RefanakL Dearly loved by an h«- 

temily and friends. Family flowers 
only. Do n at i o n s to the Methodist 
Homes for me Elderly. Service at 
Beodmgioo Cardens Methodist 
Church, on Wednesday May 28th at 
2 . 00 pm. 


May 1 7Ui at the villa Franca. Malta, 
aged 86 car. The Chevalier Geoffrey 
D-ST.Q.. ft.N. Elder son of me tale 
Vice-Admiral Gerald Marascaux and 
Ms wife Kathleen of Kilkenny. Much 
loved father, fattier -tn-law. god-fa- 
ther and step-grandfather, and 
husband of the late Yvonne. Funeral 
tn Malta. Wednesday 2isJ al 10-00 
a.m. Donabons in Ute menary If de- 
sired to RUKBA. 

MARTIN A W Toby of LBOe Ban. 
Wrtngton on Sunday May 18th aged 
73 yean. Funeral service as 
Wrtngton Parish Church on Friday 
May 23rd at 2 p.m_ tallowed by 
cremation at South Bristol Family 
(towers only ptaase. Donations. If 
deseed, to The Talking Book Far 
The Shod. c/O Keith C Britton 
Funeral Directors. 10 Htgti Sl 
Y auon. Bristol. Tel: 0934 832115 

• On May 17th al MhBHe- 

w Hospital. LL Col. (rtd) Dennis 
Alfred Gilbert Newberry, loving fa- 
ther of Jackie and vickL peacefully 
after a tong tuness bravely foughL 
wm be sadtyf missed by his loving 
family and friends. Funeral service 
Tuesday 27th May 1986. si Mary* 
Churcn. Riciauaiisworm. at 2.00pm. 
followed by iniemnem al Woodcock 
Hill Cemetery- Family newer* only, 
but if desired oonattons to CCCTF 
C'O Dr Vatican Hudson, c/o | be 
British BNU Dept of Oncology. Mid- 
dlesex Hospital. London Wig naa. 

MCKALLSOo 16Ui May 1986. Rever- 
end Vivien James (Jim) of St Marks 
Co) lege. Audley End. Essex, and late 
Of wendover. Bocta. after a short di- 
nert Brother of Nancy Grey and 
Uncle of John Egerton Cray. Enqui- 
ries to Brian Warner Funeral 
Serv ice. Tel: 0223 240268 

PATERSON Sister Cather in e Eugenie 
peacefully oo 1801 May. Ren idem 
10.30am on Friday 23rd May at me 
Convent of the Assumption. 23 Km- 
stngtoii Square W8. 

t - On 17th May peacefully at 
hcane. Peg. aged BA. Dearty loved 
widow of Peter, sister to Ba and Liz 
mto Allan) a much loved mother and 
grandmother. Thanksgiving Service 
on Saturday 3Ut May at 2.00 pro at 
The Parish Church of St Clement. 
SandwKb. Kent. Flowers or if pre- 
ferred. donaooos to The Pilgrims' 
Hospice. Canterbury, e/o The Brett 
Funeral Service. 2Q Hlgb Street. 

POLLER On May 20th at home fan 
peace and happiness. Daphne wtfeof 
me late Arthur Joseph Penan, be- 
loved mother, grandmother and 
toeat-granumother. Funeral Tues- 
day 27th May at ll.OOam Sacred 
Heart Oturch. Henley-on-Thames. 

SMS WIUJANS On Wtdt Sunday 
18th May 1986. peacefully tn 
hospital after a snort ffloem. Leofric 
Tesnoae. PnesL aged B& at St Francs 
Lodge- Morcombeuke. BridporL 
DT6 6EB. Loved and loving husband 
of Dorothy and father or 
Christopher. Aden. Timothy and 
Jonathan. . Funeral sendee at 
Whitchurch Canoruooram Parish 
C hurc h- on Tuesday 27th May at 
2 . 00 pm. rogowed by private crana- 
tton. Family Bowers only but 
donations, if desired, to me Mintons 
to Seamen, c/o AJ. wakely & Sons. 
91 East Street BridporL "Chri st ' s 
Faithful Servant Until Hts Life's 
Er> 0 . 

STEWART - On May 17th after a tong 
Illness, faced with great courage. 
Hugn. Mawr. Royal Arimery (Rtd) of 
27 fl ahchurch Qnree. London W12 
9BT. Much loved elder son of me late 
Bngadrer <L W. f. Stewart. bM of 
Mrs Stewart, and bromer of Jean 
Speanag and Robert. Funeral at SL 
Michael's Church. Elmwood Rd, 
CJuswKk. on Friday May 23fd al 
llA6sn. Family flowers only, but 
donations gladly received for the 
Save The Children Fund, c/o wu- 
liam BucHe & Sam. 246 Fulham 
(toad SWIO. 

THOfBfnM On I70t May suddenly 
Reverend Father Gerald THomton. 
pnot in charge of St Peter's. East 
wtttertng. Requtero Man oft Friday 
23rd May. at - Si Wert Church at 
ll.OOam followed by buna) in 
Chicnester Cemetery. AH enquiries 
P*e»e 10 Edward Wilte A San. S 
Suuui PMiard. QdctMSter. Tel 

TUDWOH-meo. On 19th May 1986. at 
WhidstvepL Long Irtand. Much loved 
husband of Tots, tamer of jenny. 
Christopher and Michael. 

WALLACE on IBth May 1986 * 
Faunule Marie Curie Home. Valetw 
Mary very much loved and admi™ 
-wife of Fleming and dearest monw 
of Jennifer and GUUan. Fune rantv 
vale. Memorial service at Ctya 
Church. Holy Corner. Edinburgh on 
Friday 23rd May al a pan. DonajwM 
if waned to Fair ml k* Mane Ciff» 
Home. FTOgston Road wesL E*n- 
burgh or Cancer Research. 

WALWYN CM May 19tti at Brighton Js . 
Cenerai HospttaL after great endur- * 
ance, Fanny beloved sister, aiml 
great-aunt and good fnend to 
Funeral Service at the Woodww 
Cremaiorium. Lewes 'Road. Bngft- 
ton. on Thursday 22nd May » 
2.15pm. Family flowers only Please. 

t W BlMO H E On May lStb. tra pjoan ; 
in a motor accident. Henry btw 
W hitmore MJJ- B. Chlr> aged 7U 
Dear husnsul of Hazrt and jj wgg} 
fattier and grandfather. Funn* 
service an Thursday 22nd May® 

2^Epm at Madtngiey Panan Oiunm- 

f oho wed by private ewmaWto 
Flowers to Harry Wilhsms A Son- J 
Victoria Park. Cambridg e 
donations. If desired. ID 
Cnurch- c/o A- Clart*. 26 HP“ 
Lane. CombertDO. Cambs. 

WICKS On May 17th Nam* 
Murgatroydl wtfe of the late Edwani 
Ketnue Wicks, loved and tovW 
mother, grandmother and 5 ™ M 
grandmother. Funeral Sendee atwip 
Andrew's Church. Tarring. 
thing 1.30pm Thursday 22nd »»■ 



AHBER Hie Service of TbanWoM* 
for me Hfe of Hugh Bemanon a™® 
will beheld in Wadham CbUefbOtf 
pel. on Friday June 27th at 3fl Opm- 
KLLMAM - A Service of Th*fri«|rtV; 
tng for Die life of MareS 
will be held at me west Lflnrton a ^ 
agogue. Upper BerkrieySjert 
London Wl. on ThindW 29tn war 
at U-SOam. 


6DEENWOOD Fiona Powys- 
memory on Bos her 26th Bwn®* 
Hugh. Shaia and Hvndwa 

i I ij,-* 








Miami Vice (BBCl) is direct- 
ed by Edward James Elmos, 
who also plays the part of 
Lieutenant Castillo. Like 
many cops - and more direc- 
tors - he is not a pretty sight. 
He has the face of a net 
tobacco leaf in search of a 
thigh to roll on. Towards the 
end of last eight's episode I 
saspected he had found it, in 
the sultry shape of a former 
KGB agent who had married 
bis best friend, and CIA 
renegade, Jack. 

Jack and be had been blown 
to smithereens In Vietnam 
without realising each haj 
survived. Pieced back togeth- 
er. theymust have both queued 
to see The Dear Boater, Apoc- 
alypse Nov and The Third 
Mao. Their subsequent behav- 
iour can be judged accordingly. 
Castillo adepts the pwitw 
role of doing things dutifully 
by die book. Jack goes off bis 
trolley in a way most useful to 
the CIA. “On this man's level, 
death is a profession”, rasps 
Castillo when he finds tint 
Jack has not only come back 
to life bnt also mocked op his 

Shedding his detectives, 
who dress, shave and even act 
like a pop group (perhaps it is 
they who play the iasistmilf 
throbbing mask), Castillo is 
reunited with his long-lost pal 
- whom he then shoots. Not 
before Jack has tenderly 
asked him to look after his 
wife. At which point enter the 
KGB. It is harder to tell which 
is softer on top, the open 
Cadillac or its pansy-shirted 
driver. Surf. Needless to say, 
just as Snrf is a boot to shoot 
Castillo and his fostioas 
charge, the pop gronp down 
guitars and materialize from 1 
behind a palm tree. 

Castillo does not look too 
happy. In fact be looks as if he 
is about to go np in smoke. But 
be has given ns SO pulsating 
urinates, and some provocative 
thoughts on the nature of 

Meanwhile, in another ad- 
venture out east, Marco Polo 
(Channel 4) continues to re- 
semble a smiling Seventh Day 
Adventist who has stumbled 
on an ad for Cathay Pacific. 
The set and settings are 
marvellous, bnt the pace is 
static, the script abysmal and 
the editing as jerky as die 
acting. Among last night’s 
treats were a seduction scene 
by Leonard (Dr Spock) Nimoy 
ami a lecture by a wise man in 
a cave on yin and yang. 



With John Dexter (left) planning to root himself in the commercial 
London sector, and Jonathan Miller (right) nominated as artistic 
director of the Old Vic, the shapers of two decades of theatrical 
history are starting to come in from the cold: Irving Wardle reports 

The West End at last prepares 
to gain a classical initiative 

Back in January I was bewailing the 
case of a lost generation of English 
directors. Thanks to ^ classic 
monopoly of the two subsidized 
companies, outside practitioners 
had been wiped off the scene; and 
artists like John Dexter, William 
Gaskin, Lindsay Anderson, Mi- 
chael Blakemore and Jonathan 
Miller, shapers of the theatrical 
history of the past two decades, had 
been left out in the cold. 
Blakem one's subsequent return to 
direct Made in Bangkok in no way 
offset the waste of so many 
company men with no company to 

Now, however, h seems that the 
picture is changing. On May 26 
Vanessa Redgrave opens in a two- 
play season at the Haymarket 
(Antony and Cleopatra and The 
Taming of the Shrewd both pro- 
ductions launched by Toby Rob- 
ertson from his base at Theatr 
Clwyd. In mid-July Dexter laun- 
ches his New Theatre Company 
with a post-Ackroyd revival of 
Eliot's The Cocktail Party, and has 
plans to root himself in the West 
End until further notice. Immedi- 
ately on the horizon are his 
productions of Othello, Spender's 
version of Oedipus Rex and the 
English premiere of Edouard 

mgs us 

up to 1988, when Jonathan Miller 
lakes over as artistic director of the 
Old Vic. 

The prospect of two strongly led 
companies moving into the com- 
mercial field (with other leaders, 
like Mr Robertson, ready to follow 
suit) is vastly encouraging, and oot 
only from the viewpoint of the 
classical public. First, it shows the 
West End at last regaining the 
initiative and shaking off its igno- 
minious role as a dumping-ground 
for transfers, with house after 
house swamped in the ever-rising 
tide of musicals. Four of these 
over-priced monsters have opened 
within the past year and — with all 
respect to Chess — every one of 
them takes us closer to the dire 
condition of New York; it is good 
news that Knigfatsbridge Produc- 
tions (backing Dexter) and the 
Mervish family (backing Miller) 
are moving in to stop the rot. 

. It also amounts to an overdue 
vote of confidence in the theatre of 
the spoken word which, if it 
succeeds, will do much to redress 
the balance between subsidized 
and commercial management. At 
present, there is no consistency of 
programming outside the Royal 

Court and the two classical compa- 
nies; and it is beginning to seem a 
quixotic anachronism when An- 
thony Mingella or even Michael 
Frayn opens cold in the West End, 
while scripts as defective as Gztf* 
Puccini and After Aida are able to 
scramble on to the musical band- 
wagon. One result of this is a 
conspicuous misuse of perfor- 
mance talents. It is nice to find that 
so many good actors can sing quite 
well, but not at the price of having 
nothing to act Why should Denis 
Quiiley be delivering limp feed- 
lines in La Cage aux J biles or 
Bernard Lloyd be hovering mute 
over the stage of the Dominion 
listening to Cuff Richard? 

The answer, of course; is that 
even for actors as good as these a 
job is a job, and these are the shows 
that pay for the mortgage. Subsi- 
dized theatre can accommodate 
only a fraction of the available 
talent and bence is another aigu-' 
mem in favour of the alternative 
companies. Dexter, for instance, 
has settled on Othello to give his 
actors chances that are not to be 
found elsewhere. “If we don’t see 
Michael Gambon and Alec Mc- 
Cowen as Othello and Iago soon, 
we won't see them at alL" 

The same argument applies 

equally to the directors who, even 
if they were securely entrenched at 
the RSC or on the South Bank, 
might still be as immobilized as Mr 
Lloyd in bis inter-galactic throne. 
In his new book. Subsequent 
Performances (Gape, £15), Jona- 
than Miller describes his frustrat- 
ing experience of the National 
Theatre’s “committee approach": 
“I resigned eventually because the 
endless discussions about what we 
ought to be doing in the theatre 
were too boring." I quote a letter 
from another senior director who 
has turned his back on the institu- 
tional stage: "The essential require- 
ment is that directors should be 
prepared to do things ‘the Compa- 
ny way’ (remember Howto Succeed 
in Business? 'Executive policy is by 
me OK . . .’). Inevitably the domi- 
nating subsidized theatres have 
become camps of privilege whose 
conformist demands are hardly 
recognizable outside the pro- 

These trade marks of servitude 
are invisible to me, but for direc- 
tors like my correspondent, who 
find institutional working condi- 
tions intolerable, there is now 
somewhere else to go. 

Whether the new companies will 

survive is another matter. It may 
be that there is no resisting the 
musical invasion; and, in any case; 
the record of director-led West End 
troupes — from Granville Barker to 
Lindsay Anderson — is not encour- 
aging. Bui at least those now 
resuming the struggle are in a 
position to profit from the mis- 
takes of the pasL 

There will, for instance, be no 
attempt to impose repertoire pro- 
gramming on the reluctant public. 
Dexter is adopting a flexible system 
based on an average six-month 
run: "The backers won’t get a 
return in less, and actors won't do 
more." However, productions will 
not be locked into this time-scale. 
"You can’t do Othello eight nights 
a week, so we'll probably be 
alternating it with the BourdeL The 
right to do repertoire is dictated by 
the play." 

Miller, similarly, is planning 
runs for the Old Vic’s subscription 
audience, though they will be a 
good deal shorter so as to include 
no fewer than six productions a 
year — some playing for up to to 
two months, other for no more 
than a fortnight. He took the job. 
he says, because it promised "the 
kind of freedom of repertory I’d 

had at the ENO: a place where I 
could have some kind of consis- 
tency". Broadly, this will mean an 
emphasis on European texts, and 
design, and clusters of plays (and 
scaled-down operas) which in some 
way cast light on each other. 

Having long ago televised Plato’s 
Symposium (craftily retitled The 
Drinking Party), he is also interest- 
ed in pursuing the theatrical possi- 
bilities of philosophic and scien- 
tific dialogues. Beyond that. Miller 
is not keen on disclosing specific 
ideas as they are likely to be “stolen 
by some bastard with no ideas of 
his own". 

Although Dexter's operation 
leans towards actors and Miller's 
towards projects, both will be 
aiming at something midway be- 
tween ad hoc and resident compa- 
ny casting. Miller envisages a 
"squad” of trusted colleagues who 
would frequently crop up without 
being tied down. Dexter describes 
his team as a “getting together of 
old lags" including Maggie Smith. 
Diana Rigg. Robert Eddison and 
some younger names. 

It sound quite a party; at which 
Mr Quiiley and Mr Lloyd might 
also have a good time. 


Donald Cooper 

When the secret lies in the casting 

Sons of Cain 

Until now David William- 
son's plays have reached Lon- 
don only in subsidized 
productions with English 
casts. Unlike them, Sons of 
Cain is an all-Australian 
event, arriving at Wyndham’s 
as pan of an exchange deal 
between the Elizabethan The- 
atre Trust and the Theatre of 
Comedy (after last year's An- 
tipodean tour of Run For Your 
Wife). This is the first snch ^audience still reeling from-the 
exchange; and .it marks a bludgeoning of Pravda, the 

so much of his work relates to 
the immediate experience of 
his time and place. Sons of 
Cain is not as politically 
specific a piece as, say, Don's 
Party (which pinpointed the 
night of an election), but it is 
no less geared to the current 
national preoccupation; and, 
without actors like Max 
Cullen and Jon Ewing to 
anchor the piece in its precise 
locale, it might well come over 
as an old-fashioned newspaper 

For any newsmen in the 

notable triumph for the 
commerical theatre with hon- 
ours divided between Ray 
Cooney's management and 
Australian and British Equity. 

In Williamson’s case, the 
mauer of casting is crucial as 

play offers soothing reassur- 
ance. Journalists, for from 
being pliable hacks, regain 
their dignity as courageous 
watchdogs of the truth, fear- 
lessly standing up to plutocrat- 
ic proprietors and zealously 


Jankel Adler 

Gimpel fils 

Patrick Hayman 

Blond Fine Art 

Retrospectives of two artists who have spent 
long periods in relative obscurity are to be 
found in the West End at the moment. Jaakd 
Adler, who is on show with a selection of 
works from various periods of his career at 
Gimpel fils until June 21, was one of the large 
number of emigre artists from Central and 
Eastern Europe who settled in Britain before 
or during the Second World War. Some of his 
subject-matter is deliberately, ethically Jewish; 
some of his imagery and turns of style seem to 
come from the inescapable influence of 
Picasso. But the main impression these 
paintings, drawings and monoprints create is 
one of stubborn, unquestioning individuality. 

Since Adler's death in 1949, at the early age 
of 54. he has been recalled, if at all as a potent 
influence on British artists who have them- 
selves been the subject of revived interest, like 
Colquhoun and MacBride. But this year there 
has been a major retrospective in Germany 
and Israel accompanied by the publication of 
a hefty book, and it is good to have this small, 
titillating sample on view here, to remind us ot 
one of our more distinguished wartime guess. 

Patrick Hayman. a younger man. is now 71. 
and for the last 20 years or so has been living 
and working quietly in St Ives. He too has re- 
cently had a large retrospective, m Canada, 
and the exhibition at Blond Fine Ail until the 
end of the month is his first proper London 
show for some years. It covers the whole ot his 
career from 1944 up to date, and presents us 
with an amazingly consistent artist, happily 
careless of passing fashions. 

His work has developed, of course - in 
particular his colours have got brighter and 

Patrick Hayman’s mixture of sadness and 
pawky humour: The Family in Dark Clothes 

more vivid — but the recurrent images of 
people .set against a sea or a bare landscape, 
with their odd mixture of sadness and pawky 
humour, are all his own. And. since all things 
come to him who waits, be now looks far more 
fashionable than at any time in the past: if one 
did not know different, one would swear that 
be was a contemporary of other artists shown 
by this gallery, such as Jock MacFadyen or 
Timothy Hyman. Not that feshionabfiity in 
itself matters. But a context is often useful to 
grasp at oddity, and Hayman is odd enough for 
a handle to help. 

John Russell Taylor 

pursuing the trail of civic 
corruption into the strong- 
holds of privilege and power. 
The plot turns on drug traf- 
ficking, and shows the indefat- 
igable Kevin and his gallant 
ihree-giri team on The Week- 
end Review sniffing out a 
series of pay-offs and conspir- 
acies between the heroin 
marketeers and the highest in 
the land, while fighting off the 
queasy irresolution and auto- 
cratic bullying of their mana- 

Linda Christmas (May 14) 
described enough of William- 
son V troubles with" his libel 
lawyers to account for the 
shortage of political detail in 
the play. But the fact remains 
that, without naming names 
and authenticating cases, the 
narrative does take on the 
character of a harmless yarn 
when viewed at this distance 
from its own territory. 

Also, the plot has been 
assembled with a kind of 
professional expertise that 
blunts its polemical edge. 
Kevin's three reporters, for 
instance, serve more to spread 
the interest than to intensify 
the theme. One is a theorizing 
feminist, one a youthful moral . 
bigot and one a wily old hack 
who is waiting to get her feet 
under Kevin's desk. 

The parts are well played 
(particularly by Anna Volska 
as the would-be editor) and it 
is rhanks to this that their 
scenes amount to something 
more pointed than entertain- 
ment, and give full force to the 
argument against toppling one 
government only to replaw it 
with something worse. 

The main weight of John 
Noble's production is carried 
by Mr Cullen, who transforms 
a stereotype of the indestructi- 
ble old newshound into some- 
thing powerfully individ- 
ualized and very funny. A 
crumpled chain-smoking 
wreck with the face of a’ 
superannuated prize-fighter, 
he has a speed of response, an 
access to genuine indignation 
and a range of anguished self- 
mockery that ignites both the 
characierand the events. He is 
pugilistically partnered by Mr 
Ewing and Donald MacDon- 
aJdro a series of fierce 
encounters that retain lucidity 
in the midst of the office 

Irving Wardle 



Strindberg wrote this, his per- 
sonal favourite play, in the 
space of two weeks in 1888, 
soon after completing Miss 
JUlie. The real wonder sug- 
gested by Michael Meyer's 
translation (updated Grom 
Caspar Wrede’s celebrated 
1959 production) is that it 
look him so long. 

The work’s emotional impe- 
tus sprang directly from the 
playwright's fraught relations 
with his wife and her first 
husband Here we find the 
author split into two. some- 
what idealized, personalities: 
the crippled young artist Adolf 
who is despairingly infatuated 
with his tyrannical wife Tekla; 

Jon Ewing (left) and Max Cullen anchoring Sons of Coin 
firmly in its precise locale 

and her former husband Gus- 
tav who poisons the unstable 
booby against her but foils to 
reclaim her affections. 

Divided by means of clum- 
sy exits into three two- 
handers, each of about half an 
hour’s length, the text presents 
a suite of duets for three 
players. This organization has 
enabled the absent player to 
direct the others, with the 
"collaboration" of Messrs 
Wrede and Meyer. Thus we 
have Suzanne Bertish direct- 
ing Jonathan Kent and Ian 
McDiarmid in a sequence 
which sounds like a man 
talking to himself. Mr Me- 
Diarmid directing Mr Kent 
and Miss Bertish (which does 
indeed sound like a man 
talking to his wife) and lastly 
Mr Kent directing his col- 

leagues in what sounds like the 
way a man would like to talk 
to his wife. - 
Despite Mr McDiarmid’s 
fitfully engaging imperson- 
ation of the cryptic Gustav 
there is little indication in this 
dull, static production that the 
actors are playing characters 
rather than actors. When, after 
having his jealousy fired fora 
good 20 minutes by Gustav. 
Adolfburst5 out “I must know 
the truth!" his manner sug- 
gests nothing of the kind. And 
when, resisting her former 
husband’s advances, Tekla ex- 
claims “Now we must say 
goodbye foreverf* there is 
more than a hint of send-up in 
her delivery. The play is billed 
as a tragi -comedy and fails on 
both counts. 

Martin Cropper 

Cannes Film 

Leading awards at Cannes, as 
reported in yesterday's later 
editions, were: 

GOLDEN PALM: The Mission 
(GB. director Roland Jofle) 
THE JURY: The Sacrifice 
(Sweden. Andrei Tarkovsky) 
reset France. Alain Cavalier) 
BEST ACTOR: Bob Hoskins 
tMona Lisa. GB) and Michel 
Blanc ( Tenue de soiree. France) 

Sukowa ( Rosa Luxembourg. 
West Germany) and Fernanda 
Torres {Speak to Me of Love. 

Scorsese (,-i tier Hours. USA) 
BUTION: Sven Nykvist (cine- 
matographer. The Sacrifice) 
PRIZE: The Sacrifice 


Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 

Simon Rattle’s series “Apres 
1'AprCs-midi" has been mar- 
vellously enriching, with the 
standards of the Philharmonia 
Orchestra's performances 
over the fortnight remaining 
amazingly high, and. perhaps 
most warming of all, near- 
capacity audiences greeting 
music by the likes of Boulez 
and Messiaen with something 
like rapture. And it came to a 
suitably glorious _ dose on 
Monday night, with a pro- 
gramme containing music sa- 
cred and romantic and, in 
Ravel’s complete Daphnis et 
Chloi. a combination of both. 

First came the tragically 
romantic in the form of 
Poulenc's La Voix humaine of 
1959, which you might de- 
scribe as an interrupted dia- 
logue for solo voice, since the 
audible action takes place at 
one end of a telephone tine 
bedevilled by crossed wires. 
Vou might also describe it as a 
work which brings Tristan- 
like emotions, if onesided 
ones, to bear upon a situation 
of realism, for what surprises 
here is the sheer intensity of 
the nameless heroine’s trage- 
dy. Elisabeth Sdderstr&m was 
perfectly cast — light though 
malleable in voice and thor- 
oughly convincing in her 

Rattle could scarcely have 
chosen a work of greater 
contrast to follow this than 
Messiaen’s supremely confi- 
dent avowal of faith, Et 
Exspecto Resurrect ionem 
Mortuorurrr, how strange to 
realize it was composed in the 
same country and only five 

years later. Its great blocks of 
sound were here delivered 
with an imposing solidity, but 
paradoxically they also ach- 
ieved an unmistakably ethere- 
al quality. 

The low brass processional 
in the first section, for exam- 
ple, was less of a desperate cry 
than an inevitable climb from 
the abyss, while the fourth 
section’s recurring tam-tam 
and gong strokes were posi- 
tively radiant and the final 
movement, with its raw me- 
tallic percussion reaching a 
deafening crescendo, was ut- 
terly ecstatic. 

Stirring this may have been, 
but it was only appropriate 
that Rattle should close the 
series with the heavily-scented 
symphonic pastoral idyll of 
the Ravel. As you would 
expect of a score that he 
obviously adores, it emerged 
resplendent, with the Phil- 
harmonics strings making 
some luscious sounds and the 
brass, woodwind and percus- 
sion equally enraptured by the 
music. It has indeed been a 
memorable fortnight 

Stephen Pettitt 

Boris Berman 
St JohiTs/Radio 3 

The pleasure of hearing Boris 
Berman striding through war- 
time Shostakovich and Pro- 
kofiev piano sonatas lay 
principally in knowing that 
nothing here was being exag- 
gerated. nothing taken away. 
The emigre Russian rests his 
case on consummate technical 
mastery, rounded rather than 
explosive musicianship and 
unerringly apt observance of 
the composers' markings. 
Such music bulges with com- 
plex, sometimes enigmatic 
webs of emotion. If Berman 
was temperamentally dian- 



dined to add his own personal 
gloss, it was hardly missed. 

Shostakovich's Sonata No 2 
is not often performed, per- 
haps because its long first 
movement seems rather pre- 
cariously built upon banal 
themes and long sections of 
arid counterpoint. But Ber- 
man's approach, sweeping im- 
pulsively through the figur- 
ation of the opening, strong- 
boned but never strident in 
the march sections, brought 
the best from it. 

In the Largo one relished 
the tinge of the sinister that 
crept into the rhapsody as 
Berman articulated the deep, 
clustered left-hand chords 
with sudden clipped urgency. 
Moreover he perfectly cap- 
tured the “double echo" of the 
closing pages: the fanfares 
high in the right hand repeated 
with muted tone lower down, 
then hushed into sepulchral 
gloom in the bass. 

It was his handling of the 
finale, however, that seemed 
most assured. The opening, 
one of Shostakovich’s mean- 
dering, sparsely-accompanied 
right-hand melodies, was kept 
cool, but subsequently Ber- 
man generated enormous ex- 
citement, particularly by sha- 
ding his mercurial, staccato 
fingerwork so resourcefully. 

Thai same jaunty delinea- 
tion of quick figuration car- 
ried him triumphantly 
through the first movement of 
Prokofiev’s much better- 
known Sonata No 7 too, and 
the finale’s fisty chordal writ- 
ing and testing repeated-note 
passages were accomplished 
in a ferocious, stabbing man- 
ner that was entirely appropri- 
ate. Yet these same hands had 
coaxed a ravishing middle- 
register warmth, without an 
ounce of indulgence, in the 
celebrated purple passages of! 
the Andante caloroso. 

Richard Morrison 


The Royal Opera 
Colin Davis 

Music Director 19714986 


Eugene Onegin 

Cast includes: Thomas Allen, Ueana Cotrubas, 
Neil Rosenshein, Anne Howells. 

June 2, 5, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21 at 7.30pm 



Neva production sponsored by 
The Jean Sainsbnry Royal Opera House Fund. 
Producer: AadreiSerbao. Designer; Sally Jacobs. 
Cast includes: James King, Elizabeth Connell, 
Marie McLaughlin, Laurence Dale, Gwynne Howell, 
Hartmut Welker, Manfred Schenk. 

July 2, 5, 8, 11, 15, 19* at 7.30pm 
*Prom perf sponsored by Midland Bank. 

Reservations 01-240 1066/1911 

Access/Vea (Diners Club. 




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Groups of young men watching as Crossroads shacks bum during t he township “war” and (right) homeless" residents guarding sava ged belongings ^tih^romes were d^foS? 

r action war in snuatter ramn I wauvycu. 

Faction war In squatter camp 

More deaths as ‘Comrades’ 

do battle with ‘Fathers’ 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The discovery yesterday of morning, and officials of the youngsters in the camp, known 

Western Cape Development o,? — • . 

two more bodies in the Cross- 
roads black squatter camp 
outside Cape Town brought 
the number of people kilted in 
violence between warring fac- 
tions there to 16. Many others 
have been injured, and thou- 
sands are homeless. 

Meanwhile, in Kwamashu, a 
black township outside Dur- 
ban, the police reported the 
deaths of six men believed to 
be members of a vigilante 
group opposed to school boy- 
cotts and political demonstra- 
tions. The battered bodies of 
three of the men were found on 
a school sports ground. 

Of the remaining three, one 
was reported to have been 
stabbed, while the other two 
were apparently “necklaced" 
— burnt to death by means of a 
petrol-filled robber tyre placed 
round the victim's neck and set 

In Crossroads, renewed 
lighting broke out yesterday 

Board, which administers 
black settlements in the area, 
had to be evacuated from their 
o Rices in the nearby Nyanga 

Nearly 900 shacks in the 
sprawling settlement are re- 
ported to have been destroyed 
in the lighting, in which 
weapons have ranged from 
knives and axes to rifles, and a 
huge relief operation was be- 
ing mounted yesterday to 
bring food, blankets and cloth- 
ing to those without shelter, 
“It's impossible to know 
how many people need help. 
It's chaos out there, it's war," 
a Red Cross official said. 

The police denied allega- 
tions that they had stood by 
while the battles raged. 

The fighting seems to be a 
particularly savage outbreak 
of tension that has been 
simmering for a long time 
between politically militant 

and a 

as “The Comrades 
conservative older group 
called “The Fathers", which 
has tried to drive ont anti- 
apartheid activists. 

Crossroads has existed for 
more than 10 years, growing 
steadily in size despite repeat- 
ed attempts by the authorities 
to raze it and move its inhabit- 
ants back to the impoverished 
“homelands" of the Trans kei 
and the Ciskei, from which 
they were driven by lack of 

Last year, the Government 
agreed to build permanent 
housing on part of the camp 
site and to allow a proportion 
of its estimated 70,000 inhab- 
itants to stay there. The rest 
were to be moved in stages to 
the new black township of 
Khayelitsha some miles away. 

Migrants from both home- 
lands have continued to flood 
in, however, and the camp 
remains as big as it ever was. 

Police given 3,200 
extra recruits 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

Police manpower is to be 
increased bv 1.200 in London 
and 2,000 in the provinces. Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, announced 

The London figure com- 
pares with 3.000 requested by 
Sir Kenneth Newman, the 
Metropolitan Police Commis- 
sioner. last year. But the 
Home Office said last night 
that the increase in the Lon- 
don operational strength 
would be about 1.800 through 
an increase in civilian staff, 
releasing 400 officers for tradi- 
tional policing duties, and 
force reorganization which 
will free another 200 officers. 

The increase, to be phased 
over the next four years, 
follows the review of London 
and provincial manpower 
needs after last autumn’s in- 
ner city disturbances. 

In the provinces, the Home 
Office said, operational 
strength will increase by more 
than 2,600. Chief constables 

will be allowed to recruit 
about 2,000 extra officers. An 
increase of some 1,350 in 
civilian manpower will release 
about 650 police officers for 
operational duty. 

Mr Hurd, in a Commons 
written reply, said that police 
strength in England and Wales 
had risen by 9,355 since May, 
1979; total strength, including 
civilians, had risen by 14,076 
over the same period. 

He said that he was pre- 
pared to approve 430 of the 
new provincial posts this fi- 
nancial year. The remainder 
would be phased over the next 
few years. 

Mr Hurd said that he ex- 
pected to see a steady increase 
in officers on foot patrol 
“deterring the criminal and 
the hooligan and protecting 
and reassuring the citizen." 
He promised reinforcement of 
specialized units, including 
increases for the anti-terrorist 
work of the Metropolitan 
Police Special Branch. 

KGB thwarts anti-nuclear 
demonstration in Moscow 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The nearest that the Soviet 
Union is likely to get to a 
demonstration against nuclear 
energy took place on one of 
Moscow's busiest streets yes- 
terday, when large groups of 
KGB secret policemen aad 
militia and smaller numbers 
of Western diplomats and 
reporters gathered at the ap- 
pointed hour of 6 pm. 

Ail had been tipped off that 
the Trust Group for Peace, an 
ad-hoc collection of academ- 
ics and other dissident think- 
ers, was about to launch a 
campaign to collect signatures 
for an anti-nuclear petition to 
hand in to the Kremlin in the 
wake of the Chernobyl nuclear 

Today’s events 


Royal engagements 

The Queen presents the new 
Queen's Colour to the Ports- 
mouth Command on HMS 
Excellent. Whale Island. 1 1.10. 

. The Prince of Wales. Colonel- 
m-Chief. The 22nd (Cheshire) 
Regiment, visits the First Battal- 

ion in training. Hytheand Lydd. 

■ la 

Keni, 10.30: and later, accompa- 
nied by the Princess of Wales, 
attends a gala concert by the 
Royal Academy of Music’s 
Symphony Orchestra. Barbican 
Centre. EC2. 7.25. 

Princess Anne attends the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council lunch, the Crys- 
tal Room. Berkeley Hotel. WI. 
12.30; and then attends the 44th 
annual meeting of Women’s 
Royal Naval Service Benevolent 

Trust, Carrisbrooke Hall, Vic- 
tory Services Club. 63 Seymour 
Sl W2. 2.40; later she attends 
the final seminar “Prospects for 
.Africa". Royal Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors. 12 Great 
George St, Wl. 6.25. 

Princess Margaret will dines 
with the master and wardens of 


But the KGB had done its 
homework well: at least 30 
buriy-looking men with small, 
rolled umbrellas and expres- 
sionless faces were already 
ringing the portico of the 
famous Vachtangova Theatre, 
where the petitioners had let it 

be known that they would be 

Other protesters were gath- 
ered in groups of three on 
various corners. 

As it was. no Soviet protest- 
er managed to penetrate the 
security cordon and the rush- 
hour shoppers were left to 
puzzle out why two KGB 
photographers were busy 
photographing the faces of 
Westerners standing opposite 
the theatre to witness an event 
the authorities were deter- 
mined would not take place. 

Diplomats from the United 
States and Canadian embas- 
sies were also present in an 
attempt to gauge the public 
mood. At one point, a uni- 
formed militiamen came to 
question correspondents, but 
apparently confident that the 
precautions already taken 
would prevent a Chernobyl 
protest, left them alone in the 
evening drizzle. 

Eventually, news that the 

planned protest bad been 
aborted came from two Rus- 
sian girls who managed to pa« 
on the information by word of 
mouth that the would-be peti- 
tioners — whose number was 
never clear — had either been 
prevented from leaving their 
homes or arrested en route. 

A Western observer re- 
marked: “The fact that these 
people were prepared to go 
this far to attempt a demon- 
stration is an indication that 
Chernobyl has had its effect 
on opinion here. But as is so 
often the case, there is no way 
of judging to what extent." 

The petition would have 
been drawn up in the foce of 
repealed assurances from the 
Kremlin that the expansion of 
the Soviet nudear energy pro- 
gramme would go ahead as 
planned, unaffected by 
Chernobyl and that the strick- 
en plant would itself be gener- 
ating electricity soon after de- 

the Haberdashers' Company, 
1 7.20. 

Haberdashers' Hall, EC_ 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Fatron, .Asthma Research Coun- 
cil, opens their new premises, 
300 Upper Sl NT. 3. 

The Duchess of Kent attends 
a concert in aid of the Carnegie 
United Kingdom Trust. Albert 
HalL SW7. 7.20. 

New exhibitions 

Bath Festival: La Belle 

France: paintings by John 
Tremham. Juliet Greaves. Tony 
Powell. Peter Thomas and Da- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,051 

This puzzle was solved within 30 minutes bv 32 per cent of the 

° f ,he Comm 


1 With some hesitation 1 lay 
claim to this emblem of 
honour (6). 

4 Puce is so awfully showy (8 ). 

10 This game of course is 
partly one-sided (9>. 

11 Table fora trainee sailor (5). 

12 A team to combine round 
the centre line (7). 

13 Started to fight in glove in 
scrap (7). 

14 The highest cardinal (5). 

15 Alluring new net is topping 

( 8 ). 

18 Boy's about to choose one 
kitchen worker (8). 

20 Expression of surprise after 
a record beginning (5). 

23 Costume right with a film 
musical (7). 

25 Football ace with common 
sense is devastating (7). 

26 Th* IOW ab0UI lhe ° mcer 

27 I race around N. Ireland in 
stale of exhaustion (9). 

28 Dance girl accompanied by 
a group (S). 

29 Undercover purpose (6). 

5 Pedestrian in a right mess, 
and he knows he is fated 

6 Bell may thus sound a tribal 
note (5). 

7 No gun firm rises to this 
figure (7). 

8 Good fellow didn't walk? 
Yes. he did (6). 

9 Creation of new compound 
for post office by troubled 
military zone (14). 

16 One location arranged for 
the wartime government (9). 

17 Cradle singers’ catch (8). 

19 Australian left in the drink 

21 Undertaking to show the 
way m plain speech (7). 

22 Small comfort for objec- 
tionable people? (6). 

24 Greek’s letter to doctor for a 
lozenge (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,050 

vid Green; Sladebrook House, 
222 Englishcombe Lane, Bath: 
Mon to Sat 10 to 6, Sun 2 to 6 
(ends June 8). 

Contemporary work; Nevill 
Gallery, 2a York SL Bath: Mon 
to Sat 9.30 to 5.30 (ends June 

Exhibitions in progress 
Paintings by Rosemary Da- 
vies; Derby Art Gallery, The 
Strand: Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 
June 7). 

Sculpture by Sarah 
Grimsdale; Nottingham Univer- 
sity Art Gallery; Mon to Fri 10 
to 7. Sat 10 to 7 (ends June 14). 
Last chance to see 
New oils and watercolours by 
Norman Adams; New ceramics 
by Colin Pearson; ‘Paris’ relief 
prints by Jean Claude Reynal; 
Oxford Gallery. 23 High Sl 
O xford. 10 to 5. 

Paintings by Basil Blackshaw; 
Grant Gallery, 87c Bryansford 
Rd. Newcastle, Co Down; 2 to 5. 
Concert by St Peter's Singers. 
Soloists and Bach Players; St 
Chad's, Far Headingley, Leeds, 

8. 1 5. 

Concert by Haile Orchestra; 
Perth City Hall, 7.30. 

Recital of choral and organ 
music by the Guildford Cathe- 
dral Choir Guildford Cathedral. 

8 . 

Concert by the Welsh Cham- 
ber Orchestra: St David’s Hall. 
Cardiff. 7.30. 

Concert by The Reme Staff 
Band. The Band of the 16lh/5th 
The Queen’s Royal Lancers and 
The Pipes and Drums of Prin- 
cess Marina College: The Hexa- 
gon. Queens Walk. Reading. 8. 

Organ recital by Mark Shep- 
herd: .All Saints. Ryde. Isle of 
WighL 8. 

Talks and lectures 

From valves to integrated 
circuits and beyond: a small 
revolution, by Prof J S Inkson: 
Newman Theatre. Exeter 
University. 5.15. 

architecture. bv 
Wendy Potts: Russel 1-Cotes 
Museum. Bournemouth. 2.30. 

Patronage in Roman foreign 
relations by Dr David Braund 
and Dr John Rich; Sociology 
bemmaf Rm. Attenborough 
30-i, Leicester University. 4. 


Electric Music: festival 0 f 
ekxnronacoustic music - English 
Dance Theatre - new work by 
Matthew Hawkins and John 
Casken: Newcastle Playhouse, 
Barras Bridge. Newcastle upon 
Tyne. 7.30 tends May 24). 

Books — hardback 

TheUt«Biy BBtor's selection of interesting books published tWa wank 
England In the Age of Hogarth, by Darek Jarred (Yak* £14.95. paperback 

Mo “ B ' 5 ******* * steph ™ **** 
to^rato^ughte, in the Satire of Swift and Pope, by AHan Ingram (Mac- 
Male Speak. by Irma Kurtz (Cape. £9.95) 

od " ed *"■*•« H»bum 
edted by Juk, R.l. Cote and Nfldd R. Kedd» 

ifo fey,- ty P-P- (Scottish Academic i 
Caiman 1951-1 980 (John I 


Births: Albrecht Dinner, Ger- 
many. 1471; Alexander Pope, 
London. 1688; Elizabeth Fry, 
Quaker, philanthropist and 
prison reformer, Earlham, Nor- 
folk, 1780; Henri Roossc 
painter, Laval. France. 1844: 
William Eintboven. physiol o- 
gist pioneer of the electro 
cardiograph. Nobel laureate, 
1924. Semarang, Java. 1860. 

Deaths: Henry VL reigned 
1422-61. 1470-71, raunSd, 
Tower of London, 1471; Pieter 
Hooft, dramatist and poet. The 
Hague. 1647; Robert Harley. 1st 
Earl of Oxford, statesman. Lon- 
don, 1724; Karl Wilhelm 
acbeele, chemist. Raping, Swe- 
den, 1786; Christian Thomsen. 
archeologisL Copenhagen. 1865; 
Ronald Firbank, novelist 
(laimouih), Rome, 1926. 

Parliament today 

Commons <1301: Legal Aid 
(Scotland) Bill, second reading. 
Debate on shipbuilding in- 
dustry. Debate on Nirex plan- 
ning order on storage of low 
level radioactive waste. 

Lords (2.30): Debate on the 
water industry. 

The pound 

Australia S 
Austria Sch 
Belgium Fr 
Denmark Kr 
Franca Ft 

Germany Dm 




1 Charm is noL wav-out (8). 

2 Drink rifled by Henry? (li. 

3 A convenient amount for 
the eye to lake in (9). 

Hong Kong S 
Italy Lira 
Japan Van 
Nathartand* Qd 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Eac 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 

S witzerl a nd ft 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

oa o; 





I. 105 



II. 38 


211 .HI 





on* as supplied by Barclays Sank PLC. 
1 oiiieronr rates apply id travellers' 
owquffl and entire foreign currency 

Concise Crossvrord page 12 


Betas Price Index: 385J 

The FT" Index dosed up IQ. 7 at 




A frontal system to the W 
of Ireland will cross most 
districts daring the day, 
followed in the W and N 
by a showery W 

NOON TODAY Pranura it ihown in miUiban FRONTS Worm* Cdd^ O^dL 

-T f . jtit j -- + j- , “ri»kol« am «• odwMUng Mlgil 

6 am to midnight 

Uindon. SE England, East An- 
Bfia, Channel Wanda: Fine at first 
becoming cloudy by afternoon with 
soma outbreaks of rain; wind SW 

J 1 

, South-east Chetaea Ex- 

tratr^ on rnetb around sioano Square 
and me__ Embankment duo to Chelsea 

Ftowar Show drivers natodng to stow 
W Contraflow 

should avoid vwlAI wnJBlluw 

dre Par k is closed 10 through traffic: traffic 
wing the path and garden centre can 
sWI gain access. 

Tto MM Kk MSc Contraflow north- 

ax temp 18 
e central N, NE 

England, Mkftands, Lake District 
Becoming cloudy with outbreaks of 

rain, possibly heavy; wind SW 
ngderate to fresh; max lamp 17C 

-J” Englan d, Wales. Isle of Man, 
SW Scotland, Argyfl, Northern Ire- 

land: Outbre aks of rain, possibly 

heavy, occasional showers later 

.IS (Nort ha mpt o n) and is 
Pavantry); approach urfm caution. *38.- 

SS^Burtr ""Trentbypass 

yd west Mk Contraflow 
southbound between Junction 8 (M50 

veering W; max 

tends, Moray 

Orkney, Shetland: Becomin 

SJS2T ^ al85 >J> n d 9 (fewfcMburyb'two 
lanes In each efireebon, occsstanaHv 
fto" * kwg d elay expected. S3= 
Normal tarn rmtrirtinne ■ — — 

Normal lane restrictions a, 
iwwtion 21 and 22 (Severn 

some delays, particularly on 
avrad if posstte. *487; it 



— .scorning 

cloudy with outbreaks of rain locally 
heavy, showers later; wind SW 
fresh locally strong to gale, veering 
W later: max temp 15C (59 F). 

NW Scotland: Outbreaks of rain 

remporary tn 
wiflia lane traffic 

All*): Con 

ntorctonge, SW of Partington. DIG: 
“ ' Son 31 (Pro 

B ihts ... _ 

achynBeth, Powya. 

The North: A Ifln): Contraflow at Barton 

WOT, WIUU _ . 

locally gale: max tamp 15C (59F). ” 
_ Outlook for tomorrow and Friday: 

High Tides 






Live rpool 


Sunny intervals and showBrs 
most areas, some heavy and 


ro SS22 Wsfll (£L lan e on*y. M63c Various 
roadwoita resulting m delays around the 

tocatxms near Lesmahagow, strat 

for work m connection with M74 

won- *76: Traffic reduced to a single tone 
«yveaveBra^B. KMutohrignt. pumfiee 



Simmses: Sun Sets: 

5Jtl era 054 pm 

Mlue sfcy: bc-hlue shy and cloud; c- 
h^y dV mu^i‘iIF asl: O -drizzle: h 

train: s^snow: Uv 
Uiundersiorm: ^showers. 

rt 'rwiK>,.. wind 
wwd^phj circled. Temperature 



So uthamp ton 







! 12.01 





















5 f 
































































49 1 




5.7 10.13 



4.1 10.00 











4.0 10.46 


3.47 am 

Fla moon: May 23 

5.56 pm 

Around Britain 

Lighting-up time 

nution sappled by A* . 

Umta 924 pm to 420 am 
Bristol 924 jsm to 4.40 am 

to 4.19 am 

Bfltowgh S3 pm to 4.19 w 
Manchester 9.42 pm to 428 m 
9.40 pm to AS? am 

Sun Rain 

hre in 

Scarfaora 11.6 - 

BridUngton 13.4 - 

Cromer 85 — 

Lowestoft 11.7 - 

Osctan n.8 - 



C F 

19 66 sunny 
17 63 surrny 
21 70 cloudy 
16 61 sunny 
15 59 sunny 
19 66 sunny 

Sun Ram 
_ hre In 

nmcomto 85 - 

Tenby io.Q - 
Colwyn Boy 13.7 - 

Momcambo 85 - 

Douglaa 4.7 - 

C F 
19 66 

15 59 
17 83 

16 61 
12 54 








T|Jto«£res 81 rndday yesterday: c. 
doud, l, fair r, ram; s. sun. 

C F 

1 1861 Guernsey 

c 1763 In v erne s s 
c 1661 Jersey 

— d 1661 I rfffTiffon 

Eyyf . C 1559 lir»chstor 

*=i»Wwtgh c 1559 Newcastie 
C 11 32 RTUswiy 


C F 
r 11 52 
e 1457 
r 1254 
C 1966 
r10 50 
e 1152 

Best wines 



After a blind tasting of 
aauyignon wines submined by 
leading retail chains, the follow- 
5P ' Cia " y 

“ isgta aaass 

Boucher. Pater Dome 


Teigmiftouth 7.1 
Torquay 72 
Fstomutti 69 
Penzance 9.0 
toreffir 12.4 

ScMy tales 9.B 
Newquey 112 


19 68 eunny 
19 66 sunny 

17 63 sunny 

18 64 surety 
10 64 sunny 

19 66 sunny 

17 63 surety 

18 64 sunny 
16 61 sunny 

15 59 stmy 

19 66 surety 

19 66 sunny 

14 57 sunny 

16 61 sunny 

15 59 bright 

13 55 bright 
15 59 surety 

14 57 surety 

15 59 surety 
24 75 surety 

20 66 Sunny 

London 10.9 
B*ham Airpt 12.1 

Bristol (Cbf) 10.7 




-r p. 11.8 

Manchestar 11.4 
Nottingham 9.6 
MVti-n-Tjrne 14.B 



- 21 70 

- 19 66 

- -20 68 

- 19 66 

- 14 57 

- 16 81 

- 18 64 

- 18 64 

- 19 86 

- 15 59 


Fs hdele mu a- 













15 59 surety 

16 61 sunny 

S tornow a y 
St Andrews 

* 1.0 - 

13 55 

14 57 
14 57 
11 52 

22 - 
16 - 
07 - 

06 51 
0.8 .04 13 55 
0.7 .02 IT 52 



17 63 

18 64 

19 66 
17 63 
16 81 












These are Monday s figures 

15 59 doudy 

1-288011. £2.89: Montm Seovtonen 

La Creme 
de la Creme 



i: Rosanmnt Estate Swinrirewn 


Oar address 

TtmeTmw^JS? toriuskm In The 
E? SSL 7, 1 Vu vJnla Street LonSm; 


fret Limited of j Vtimia 

, w w . Mas? 

I w Ihe^si^ig^ * a nwspaDer 


toSJOAV: c. ctouft ri. drizzle; t. fain fg. tag: r. rain: s. Bran sn. snow; t, thundsr. 

Alex' dria 










C F 
5 34 75 Cologne 
f ® 73 C'phagn 

> 23 73 Cortij 
S 26 82 n.4Ji« 

* £ S tohrovnOi 
s 28 82 Faro 
B 35 95 Florence 
' 23 £3 Funchal 
3 . 23 £3 Geneva 
I ® 77 Gibraltar 
” 20 &8 Helsinki 

C J 

s 23 73 
S 25 2 
l 15 S 
S 15 59 
C 25 77 

I 24 75 HongK* 

B Abes' 
Cape Tin 

aSSSSL 1 1 I* L*™** 

ar church f 10 so Madrid” 

C F 

C 22 72 Matorea 
S 17 63 Malaga 

s 28 82 Statai 
f 11 M Meflrtne 
5 £5 77 Mexico C* 

* 24 75 IKao r 

« 29 84 Wan 
c 21 70 Uonn_ 

g 73 Munich 
> 20 68 Nakofal 

s 16 81 Naples 

* |7 61 NDeM 
'K77M York* 

S 20 68 Mca 
s 35 95 Oato 

: |,s as, 

C 25 77 _ _ 

c » m S 24 75 WasfiTrer I 29 » 

^*ra5^2£. ,f » 2S 77 WdTMoD C Mg 

IM?, lUai”* 1 ' 1253 

15 59 

IS Si *W <il 
s 68 Jeddah 

a 22 72 J oTawg * 

r 20 66 

r 16 fll L 

9 S & Ltabon 

a 20 68 Locarno 

C 20 68 L Angsts' 

C F 

I 29 aaftonm 
f 24 75 Sstebarg 
s 27 81 SPrisco* 
C 13 55 B 
J 16 81 S . — 
f 2£ 84 Seoul 

C 17 83 strasbTg 
s a 73 Sydney 
c 23 73 Tangier 
a 26 79 TeLashr 
I 30 86 Tenerife 
a a 82 Tokyo 
* 22 J2 Toronto- 
< 18 64 Tonis 
f g 72 Valencia 
a 2? 81 VancW 
r 18 61 Venice 
f IB 64 Vienna 
c 7 46 Warsaw 

f 32 90 
S 20 68 
8 24 « 

C 1? 68 

C 2t 70 
S 24 75 
f 22 2 
r 17 83 
c 12 54 
s 30* 
e 22 n 

S 26 £ 
e 18 64 

f <8 W 

^ - .* 

WEDNEsruv M^Y 'M 1986 




FT 30 Share 
1305.0 (+10.7) 

FT-SE 100 
1585.7 (+12.6) 
USM (Datastream) 

US Dollar 

1.5205 (+0.002) 

W German mark 
3.4036 (+0.0257) 

76.4 (+0.3) 

■ * ^seo- 

j 5 ^ 


Threat to 

Many chemists’ shops will 
close and thousands will lose 
their jobs as a result of the 
National Health Service 
Amendment Bill, according to 
Mr Harry Woolf, chairman of 
Underwoods, the high street 
* chemists. 

He said that the Bill, which 
has completed its committee 
stage in the Commons, could 
sound the death knell for 
independent chemists. 

Mr Woolf was speaking at 
the announcement of Under- 
woods Tesults -for the year to 
January 31. Pretax profits rose 
from £1.48 million to £2.54 
million — £240.000 belter than 
the company forecast at the 
rime of the stock market 
launch in October. 

RHM ahead 

' Ranks Hovis McDougali. 
ii the milling and baking group, 
made taxable profits 9.5 per 
cent higher at £40.2 million in 
the half year to March I on 
sales up 6.5 per cent. The 
interim dividend was raised 
by 1 5 per cent to 2. 1 2p. 

Tern pus, page 23 

Motor offer 

Evans Halshaw Holdings, a 
motor dealer, is coming to the 
stock market via an offer for 
sale of 7.2 million shares by 
Phillips & Drew. The offer 
price is I20p a share, valuing 
the company at £17 
million. Tempos, page 23 

t Exco post 

Exco International, the fi- 
nancial services group, has 
appointed Mr Richard Davey 
as group financial director to 
succeed Mr John Irvine who is 
resigning on June 30.. 

Express profit" 

Manpower cuts at Express 
Newspapers have enabled its 
three titles to trade at a profit 
in the first quarter, according 
to Mr David Stevens, chair- 
man of United Newspapers. 

BICC in talks 

BICC and the Haden group 
are holding talks on BICC 
buying Haden's building ser- 
vices division. 

‘Deal cleared 

Booker McConnell's acqui- 
sition of Me Nab Groceries is 
not to be referred to the 
Monopolies Commission. 

Crean rights 

James Crean is raising 
Ir£I 5.38 million (£13.9 mil- 
lion) through a one-for-four 
rights issue at Jr£3-50 a share. 
Non-Irish residents will pay 
316pa share. 

£30m issue 

British AJcsn Aluminium is 
raising £30 million through 
debenture stock 2011. The 
stock is being placed with 
y institutions at a yield to 
redemption of 1.30 per cent 
over Treasury I3 ,; : per cent 
stock 2004/2008. Proceeds 
will refinance floating rate 

Payout missed 

Tran wood Group, the ho- 
siery' manufacturer, is again 
passing its dividend after pro- 
ducing profits of £ 180.000 in 
the year to January 31 com- 
pared with £1 19.00 the previ- 
ous year. Turnover rose to 
£5.92 million from £5 million. 

Ceasefire in sugar battle 
as bids are referred 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

A ceasefire was called yes- 
terday in the battle for control 
of British Sugar Corporation 
after Mr Paul Channon. the 
Trade and Industry Secretary, 
agreed to refer to the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission 
the Tate & Lyle and 
Hillsdown Holdings bids for 
S&W Berisford, which owns 
British Sugar. 

Whitehall sources said that 
the Office, of Fair Trading had 
recommended a reference to 
the commission on the 
grounds that a successful bid 
for British Sugar by Tate 
would give Tale more than 90 
per cent of the British refined 
sugar market. 

The bid by Hillsdown, a 
food and manufacturing 
group, was referred because 
British Sugar’s dominant posi- 
tion in the market meant that 
any change in its ownership 
raised questions of national 

These include relations with 
the European Economic Com- 
munity, which sets sugar 

pnees for farmers and refiners, 
and with Ihe African, Caribbe- 
an and Pacific countries which 
supply the cane sugar refined 
by Tate. British Sugar refines 
beet sugar. 

But industry sources point- 
ed out that the Government 
was effectively using the Mo- 
nopolies and Mergers Com- 
mission as a surrogate Royal 
Commission to define a na- 
tional sugar policy for an 
international industry which 
enjoys free trade within the 
Common Market. 

Mr James Kerr-Muir. fi- 
nance director of Tate which 
had pressed for equal treat- 
ment of the bids for Berisford. 
said he would have preferred 
that both bids bad been al- 
lowed to proceed. But he said: 
“Whatever Hillsdown does, 
we have to push ahead.” 

The Tate argument is that it 
makes little sense to view a 
monopoly of sugar refining in 
Britain, in an exclusively na- 
tional context when refined 
sugar can move freely within 

Ephraim M argufies: 
dominant market position 

the Common Market. The 
Tate case challenges the na- 
tional basis of monopolies 

For Hillsdown. Mr Harry 
Solomon, joint chairman, 
said: “We are very upset and 
disappointed. It seems to go 
against all the principles on 
which they make judgments. 
We will have to sit back and 
take a look at it. From 

Hillsdown’s point of view, 
we’d never put ourselves in a 
situation where we had to go 
ahead with a hid.” 

British Sugar and Tate each 
have roughly half of the 
annual 2.1 million tonne Brit- 
ish market for refined sugar, 
but the much higher refining 
profits on beet sugar allowed 
under the EEC sugar regime 
make British Sugar the market 

Tate has hinted that it will 
pull out of cane sugar refining 
if it cannot make more money 
from the business. 

The struggle for British 
Sugar began early in the year 
when tbc Italian group 
Femizzi built up a 9 per cent 
stake, taking advantage of the 
difficulties into which S&W 
Berisford. led by Mr Ephraim 
Margulies. had fallen. 

Tate and Hillsdown subse- 
quently built up similar 
stakes. Ferruzzi withdrew, and 
Hillsdown made a £430 mil- 
lion all-share offer while Tate 
bid £478 million in shares and 

3.7% increase in US output 
is highest for 12 months 

By Mohs in Ali and Richard Thomson 

Washington — The United 
States gross national product 
(GNP). after removing the im- 
pact of inflation, unexpectedly 
grew at a seasonally adjusted 
annual rate of 3.7 per cent in 
the first three months of this 
year, the Commerce Depart- 
ment announced yesterday. 

This increase of the GNP — 
the broadest measure of the 
nation's output of goods and 
services — is the largest since 
the first quarter of 1985. It is 
stronger than the 3.2 per cent 
pace the department estimat- 
ed a month ago. 

In the first quarter of 1985 
real GNP also grew at a 3.7 per 
cent annual rate. The last time 
real GNP rose at a fester rate 
was in the second quarter of 
1984. when it expanded at a 
5.1 per cent rate. 

The Iastest figures show the 
US economy grew fester in the 

first quarter than many ex- 
perts had forecast. Most anal- 
ysts had expected the first 
quarter GNP figure to be re- 
vised downward to between 
2.5 'per cent and 3.0 per cent. 

The surprise upward, revi- 
sion of the previous estimate 
is likely to case pressure on the- 
Federal Reserve Board to 
make further cuts in the key 
discount rate, financial "ob- 
servers said. 

The dollar, which had been 
trading nervously, moved up 
after the GNP figures were re- 
leased. recovering the losses 
made the previous day. It rose 
two pfennigs against the mark 
to DM2.2450 before closing in 
London at DM22385. It also 
made small gains against the 
yen and dealers said the dollar 
was expected to remain strong 

After inflation adjustment 
the GNP rose 532.7 billion in 

the period from January to 
March to a rate of S3.623 
billion - about S4 billion 
more than previously estimat- 
ed. A variety of components 
contributed to the upward 
revision in the GNP.. 

Real Federal government 
purchases of goods and ser- 
vices decreased by S3 billion 
less than previously estimated 
at $29.3 billion. Net exports 
were revised down $4.3 billion 
to $10.5 billion and invento- 
ries revised up $7 billion. 

Sterling held up strongly 
despite the dollar's rise, fol- 
lowing an increase in oil prices 
— with Brent June trading up 
to 15.30 yesterday - and 
Monday's encouraging figures 
on the Public Sector Borrow- 
ing Requirement. The pound 
finished... .in London at 
$1.5205, up from £1.5185 the 
previous day. 

Asthma drug approval 
set to boost Fisons 

By Teresa Poole 

Fisons. the phamaceuiicals nedocnomil will contribute 

and scientific instruments 
group, has won regulatory 
approval for its new asthma 

Mr John Kerridge, chair- 
man. told the company’s an- 
nual meeting yesterday that 
nedoeromil sodium, which 
has won the United Kingdom 
clearance and is marketed 
under the name Tilade.’will be 
launched this autumn in 

The drug is used in the 
treatment of a broad range of 
respiratory and related dis- 
eases and is expected to have a 
significant impact on the 
company's profitability. 

Mr lan White, pharmaceuti- 
cals analyst at W Green well, 
the stockbroker, forecasts that 

profits of £30 million a year in 
five years. In 1985 Fison’s 
pharmaceuticals division 
made profits of £39 million, 
compared with group pretax 
profit of £72 million. 

Application for the registra- 
tion of nedoeromil has also 
been made in Germany, Swit- 
zerland and the Netherlands. 

Mr Kerridge said that the 
opening months of this year 
had shown a “pleasing 
continuation" of the 
company’s growth pattern. 

He announced that Sir Phil- 
ip Harris, chairman of Harris 
Queensway. is to join the 
board as a non-executive di- 
rector next month. 

Fisons shares gained 3p to 
578p yesterday. 

£15m Sainsbury bonus 

By Our City Staff 

Good fiill-year results at J 
Sainsbury, the supermarket 
group, mean more than 
30.000 employees will receive 
£15.8 million from profit shar- 
ing — equivalent to a month's, 
pay. The scheme is linked to 
the company's performance. 

When it makes more than a 
25 per cent margin on sales, 
IS per cent of the excess goes 
into a profit-sharing fund. 
Since the scheme started in 
1979 Sainsbury has never 
made less than a 3.16 percent 
margin, and last year rt was a 
record 5.45 per cent 




N#* York 

EtoS? 255p|+7p) 


&-SSF — ^tai 

Nikkei Dow „ 15689.98 (-7.55) 

Hong Kong: „ 

Hang Seng 1™7(+12JSj 

Tate & Lyre "iSSRiiS 

British Aerospace — W]0j+I3p) 

Sydney. AO ...... ... 117S.2 (-21.7} 

ESKfc'Sw — 175p +9p| 

Berisforris Group 108p (+12p) 

Standard Fireworks 1690 (+?PJ 
Scottish Heritable — 181p (+13p) 
Clement Clarke .- — 235p (+45p) 
Hogg Robinsn Grp — 308p j+]3p) 

BwSn Holdings - 27j3p j-7p| 

SW Benstofd 

Mw»m S Co 


A & P Appledore .. — 26JP j-*jP{ 

Frankfurt „ 

Commerzbank ..... 1942.2 HS.00) 
Bras sets: 

General 650.36 (same) 

Palis: CAC 405.31-3-3) 


SKA General 521 .60 (-6 01 


London: Mew York: 

£i$L5205 £; St.5205 

DM3.4036 S: DM22385 

S: SwFr2,8365 S: Index. 1 15.4 

££FFr1 0.8336 

E;-Yen255.98 ECU E0 ££651 

fc lndex:76.d SDR E0.767&49 

Sr.. - 251p(-12p) 


Baw Base: 1 D^ & p . ^ 

I 3-montfi Interbank 10 -c-IC 1- * 3 
3-month eligible Wis.n/a 
buying rat© 

Prime Rate 8-50^ 

, federal Funds 6‘ 3 -A 
3-mcntfi Treasury Bills 
30-year bonds 94 


London Fixing: , n 


223.30 ) 


To qualify for the scheme 
the employee must have work- 
ed for the company for two- 
and-a-half years. The bonus 
may .be.. taken ia. .cash.. or 

Approximately 40 per cent 
elect to take shares, with the 
result that one quarter of 
employees are now sharehold- 
ers. and one-third of share- 
holders are staff. The other 60 
per cent take cash. 

Employees who look shares 
when the scheme started will 
find their investment is now 
worth seven times its original 
value — a sure recipe for a 
loyal and contented staff for 
other companies to Copy- 

Tempos, page 23 

Debbie FWds: 

USM setback 

Mrs Fields 
issue flops 

By Alison Sadie 
The offer for sale of Mrs 
Fields, the American “cookie” 
company, has flopped. Appli- 
cations for jnst under 16 per 
cent of the 29.7 milJion shares 
were received. The 84 per cent 
will be taken np by sub- 

Mrs Fields, the Unlisted 
Securities Market's biggest 
Dotation, is capitalized at £210 

The day after the company, 
whose president is Mrs 
Debbie Fields, announced its 
flotation plans. National 
Westminster Bank launched 
its record £714 million rights 
issue, helping depress the 
already jittery stock market 
The sponsors to the issue 
are J Henry Schroder Wagg, 
the British merchant bank, 
and Goldman Sachs, the 
American investment bank. 
Cazenove is the broker. 

Schroder last night ex- 
pressed disappointment at tbe 
low level of applications, bat 
said that Mrs Fields was still 
an excellent company. . 

coal deal 9 
for CEGB 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

British Coal, the former 
National Coal Board, is set to 
announce reductions of up to 
a third in the price of coal to 
power stations, slicing as 
much as £300 million from the 
electricity industry's annual 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board is paying 
about £45 a tonne for its coal 
and every £] reduction wrung 
from the coal board is the 
equivalent to a 1 per cent cut 
in average electricity bills. 

The coal industry has been 
under increasing pressure to 
cut its rates in the wake of the 
collapse in world oil prices. 

The latest five-year deal, to 
be announced soon, is an 
attempt to dissuade the CEGB 
from buying cheaper imported 

Price cuts to the consumer 
of between 6 percent and 7 per 
cent are estimated by the 
CEGB to be possible if it were 
to increase imports from the 
1982-83 level of 1 million 
tonnes to 30 million tonnes a 

Reports of the new deal, 
said by British CoaJ yesterday 
to be “purely speculation", 
suggest that the price of the 
bulk of power station deliver- 
ies — about 50 million tonnes 
— are to reflea average pro- 
duction costs. 

This is a reduction from the 
65 million tonnes delivered at 
pit head production prices last 

The price of two more 
tranches of at least 10 million 
tonnes each is expected to be 
in line with oil prices and 
imported coal. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

BA hopes fly into 
more turbulence 

Lord King was guessing yesterday that 
British Airways would coast down the 
runway towards flotation at some 
stage between November and next 
February. It would be nice to agree 
with Lord King.- whose chairmanship 
has been devoted to seeing the state 
airline converted to the private sector, 
but tbe long-delayed privatization has 
been plagued by bad luck for so long 
that it is beginning to seem doomed. 

Yesterday’s announcement of 
mildly disappointing pretax profits for 
the year to the end of March proved 
the occasion for putting a brave face 
on the latest blow to airline's 
privatization hopes — the severe 
downturn in North Atlantic traffic in 
the wake of the Libyan raids and the 
bomb blast at BA's Oxford Street 

Present trends. Lord King said, 
showed an improvement in forward 
bookings from the low levels in the 
three weeks immediately following 
the Libyan raid. Last week, the airline 
carried only 3 per cent fewer pas- 
sengers on the routes than the same 
time last year, compared with 7 per 
cent fewer the week before. Bookings 
were running at about two-thirds of 
their normal level for this time of 
year, having been a lot lower and were 
continuing to improve. 

There is good reason. Lord King 
believes, for thinking that once the 
mists have cleared, the next few 
months will be seen as no more than 
an isolated period where revenues and 
profits were adversely affected by 
extraordinary circumstances. British 
Airways' employees will be praying he 
is right. 

A review of costs and capital 
expenditure is under way and, unless 
the present marketing drive on both 
sides of the Atlantic bears fruit 
further cuts in the airline’s 38,000 
work-force look inevitable. 

There have already been selective 
cuts on North Altantic scheduled 
flights and the extra recruitment of 
1 ,500 temporary staff for the summer 
season has been cancelled. 

Whatever the extent of any upturn 
later in the year, profits are bound to 
suffer a severe setback from the £183 
million pretax announced yesterday. 
That result compared with £202 
million for the year to end of March, 
1985 before allowing for the costs of 
settling post-Laker lawsuits, or £168 
million after charging these. 

If the Government does still decide 
to go for a winter flotation — once the 
spectre of residual post-Laker litiga- 
tion has been exorcised and the 
capacity annexe to Bermuda II is 
renegotiated — it will have to scale 
down previous estimates of how 
much BA will fetch. British Airways, 
too, may have to rest content with a 
rather smaller amount of new money 
than it might once have hoped to raise 
during a £1 billion-plus sale. 

British Caledonian has been hit 
even harder by North Atlantic prob- 
lems than BA. Merger talks with 
Harry Goodman's International Lei- 
sure holiday tour group have become 
bogged down over price. Sir Adam 
Thomson, chairman and creator of 
Britain's only other significant airline. 

believes ii is worth £150 million 
despite the difficulties and 3i (Inves- 
tors in Industry), which owns 42 per 
cent of the airline, seems prepared to 
back him. 

Even if Sir Adam agreed with the 
principle of a merger, which he 
apparently does not. the signs are not 
good for the bid of rather less than 
£100 million that Mr Goodman has 
asked BCal to consider at its board 
meeting tomorrow. 

Pedigree defence 

The quest by London International 
for the Wedgwood pottery and fine 
china group, which moved to a higher 
level yesterday with the issue of 
Wedgwood's defence document, is a 
nice encapsulation of the City’s 
attitude towards bids and mergers. 

In one corner, the patrician Sir 
Arthur Bryan stands on the soapbox 
to proclaim that Wedgwood’s 228- 
year pedigree and its strong recent 
profits growth and leadership in a 
number of important markets means 
it has nothing to gain from LI. a 
contraceptive to photographic 
processing group which entered the 
fine china market only 1 S months ago 
with the purchase of Royal Worcester 
Spode. In the other comer, Li's 
aggressive chief executive. Mr Alan 
Woltz. maintains that his brand of 
management and consumer market- 
ing skills, which have transformed LI 
since he stepped in seven years ago, is 
badly needed at Wedgwood. 

In Sir Arthur's eyes the success of 
the LI bid will be decided by the 
number of “quick buck" investors in 
Wedgwood against those who take the 
longer-term view necessary to ensure 
success in his field. As recent takeover 
battles have shown, the numbers in 
the former camp may well be a dying 
breed in the City. Already Warburg 
Investment has sold a 9.99 per cent 
stake in Wedgwood to LI and prom- 
ised a further 14.9 per cent if nobody 
comes in with a higher offer. With that 
example, other institutional investors 
in Wedgwood might be tempted to 
follow suit. 

It would be a shame if Wedgwood's 
other shareholders were to desert 
without giving the matter serious 
consideration. The company's record 
since the traumatic days of the $2.40 
pound in the early 1980s has been a 
good one. although Li’s concern over 
its qualified accounts deserves to be 
noted. For the year ended in March 
pretax profits should show an 
improvement of at least 12 per cent, 
although Sir Arthur is saving this 
piece of ammunition until it is 
needed. Mr Woltz claims that his 
management strategy has almost tre- 
bled profits at Royal Worcester since 
he took over 

Investors are still belling against Mr 
Woltz. Wedgwood shares stand about 
30p ahead of Li's all-paper offer, 
which could slip further in a falling 
market. Sir Arthur maintains he does 
not want LI at any price, but a higher 
offer with a cash alternative could well 
see the so-called “fast buck” mer- 
chants turning against him. 

Shareholders urged to 
block THF proposal 

By Cliff Feltnam 

The Savoy Hotel group is 
urging shareholders to rejert a 
move by Trusthouse Forte to 
block the issue of new shares 
at its annual meeting next 

Trusthouse Forte- is con- 
cerned that if Savoy issues 
more high voting B shares^ the 
voting power of ordinary 
shareholders could be diluted 
by a third. 

But in a leuer to all share- 
holders yesterday. Mr Giles 
Shepard, managing director of 
the Savoy, says the directors' 
policy is “not to let the suc- 
cessful development of the 
business be affected by the 
ambitions ofTrusthouse Forte 
and the large shareholding 
they have built up”. 

Trusthouse is claiming that 
in normal circumstances the 
issue of more shares would not 

make any difference. It owns 
69 per cent of the Savoy 
equity, but because there are 
two classes of shares it con- 
trols only 42 per cent 

Mr Shepard says the resolu- 
tion to be proposed at the 
meeting will enable the direct- 
ors to allot up to £500,000 of 
new shares. 

“ This power gives a valu- 
able flexibility if for instance 
an opportunity should arise to 
acquire a further hotel that 
would benefit the business. It 
is understandable that Trust- 
house Forte should not want 
any more shares in the compa- 
ny to be issued.” he said. 

But Mr Shepard has not 
responded to al legations that a 
concert party arrangement 
may exist between certain 
Savoy directors and charitable 

Banks rush for morning paper 

The arguments have already 
begun over who was first into 
the new sterling commercial 
paper market which opened 
yesterday as bankers burned 
the midnight oil to complete 
deals before any of the opposi- 
tion. Even before the sun rose 
telephones were buzzing and 
deals were being struck. 

SG Warburg was claiming 
to have beaten everyone else 
to the starting post, selling 
around £5 million of paper 
each for PHH. the US compa- 
ny. and Redland first thing 

yesterday morning after 
spending! most .of the night, 
preparing the necessary 

County Bank: another des- 
ignated dealer in the Redland 
paper, also sold several mil- 
lion pounds worth yesterday 

But Citicorp thought it had 
gone one better by selling 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

around £10 million of paper 
for Hawley Group “a few 
minutes after midnight”, ac- 
cording to Mr Ralph Doubell 
of the bank's commercial 
paper team. 

The commercial paper mar- 
ket is designed to allow com- 
panies to issue paper under 
their own name of maturities 
less than a year. The populari- 
ty of a parrallel market in the 
US is. unquestionable, with 
paper worth something in the 
region of $350 billion current- 
ly in issue. 

The attraction of commer- 
cial paper is partly in the 
flexibility of maturities. The 
Redland’ paper, for example, 
went out at maturities of 10 to 
27 days which would have 
' been difficult, if not impossi- 
ble, to get in the bill market 

Price also plays a part 
According to Warburg. 
■Redland and PHH ended up 

borrowing at the London in- 
terbank mean rate which, it 
claimed, was cheaper than 
borrowing in the bill markeL 

Citicorp, on the other hand, 
thought that borrowing 
through acceptances was still a 
shade cheaper but Hawley was 
willing to pay a little extra to 
be the first into the new 

So fer, the omens for the US 
market seem good Mr Keith 
Elliott an assistant director of 
Warburg, said: “We are de- 
lighted at the way the market 
has opened. It all went very 
smoothly.” Mr Doubell said 
that he was surprised at the 
strength of demand from 

Warburg sold both the PHH 
and the Redland paper to 
British corporate investors. 
Citicorp said that it had 
unloaded Hawley's paper to 
corporate and institutional in- 

vestors both in Britain and 


If the sleepless Citicorp 
salesmen were on the phone al 
1201 am the assumption 
must be that they were finding 
at least some of the demand in 
the Far East 

Citicorp has clearly decided 
that there is no risk in selling 
paper abroad even though 
promissed changes to the 
Companies Act — such as the 
rules . on publishing 
prospeauses — have not yet 
been made. 

Not everyone is so sure, 
however. Some banks have 
decided to play safe and limit 
sales to United Kingdom in- 
vestors. “Until the changes are 
made you have to be very 
careful to whom you sell," 
said one market operator. 

As in most securities mar- 
kets. the deals struck are 
booked on the telephone. 






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Brighter economic outlook 

: Stock markets made further 

, modest progress yesterday in 
„ the wake of encouraging eco- 
nomic indicators such as the 
better-than-expected PSBR 

figures and a cheerful survey 

- on the retail trade. 

- t 30-share index rose 

' by *0.7 points to 1,305.0 and 
" the FT-SE 100 index was 12.6 

points higher at 1.585.7. 

Business turnover still left a 
lot to be desired and this was 
not helped by a power failure 
at lunchtime which blacked 
out the market floor and 
. surrounding corridors for at. 

- least 20 minutes. Trading 

; ground to a halt as the back-up 

i generator also failed to come 
into operation. 

Leading shares attracted se- 
lective demand, with BP par- 
ticularly strong at 578p. up 
15p. helped by a cheerful 
. analysts* meeting late on 
■ Monday. 

Courtanlds did well at 271 p, 
up 8p. ahead of the results, 
due later this month and. 
■ m Boots, also reporting soon, 

. improved by 7p to 25Sp on 

- vague reports of a bid from 
Fisons, which was 3p better at 
578p after the annual meetin g , 

Food retailers received a 
; boost from the better-tban- 
expected profits from 
. Sainsbury, 8p higher at 386p. 

; Tesco, with results next 
Wednesday, added Sp to 363p 

- in sympathy. 

S & W Berisford fell 8p to 
P 2IOp on the decision to refer 
> the bids from Hillsdown and 
Tate & Lyle to the Monopolies 
Commission. Hfflsdown lost 
7p to 273p, but Tate rallied 7p 
; to 563p. 

Ranks 'Hovis, in which 
Bensford holds, a near-15 per 
cent stake, eased Ip to 203p 
after profits much asexpected. 
Amstrad dipped by 20p to 
544p as the founder, Mr Alan 
Sugar, reduced his stake to 45 
per cent, netting £26 minion. 
John Mowtem lost I Op to 
362p, after a placing to finance 
the acquisition of the SGB 

Dowty continued to attract 
speculative demand at 2!3p. 
up by 8p and British Aero- 
space climbed I3p to >4 Ip, 
reflecting orders for 30 Torna- 
does from West Germany. 
Redland rose 7p to 423p ahead 
of next week’s results. ■ - 

Ckment Clarke, a firm 
market of late, advanced 45p. 
more to 235p on the disci ch 
sure of merger talks. In con- 
trast, A & P Appledore 
plunged 55p to 260p, follow- 
ing a 37 per cent decline in 

Stores were supported by 

the encouraging survey, with 
Underwoods 3p firmer at 1 84p 
after a 72 per cent earnings 
expansion. Fine Art Develop- 
ments jumped 17p to 159p in 
response to a 42 per cent 

Firmer breweries had Bass 
at 76 2p, up by 9p and 
Whitbread 7p higher at 285p, 
ahead of today's statements. 
STC hardened 4p to 150p 
after an ICL presentation on 

Bid reports boosted Scusa 
by i Op to 148p and Greene, 
lung by 5p to 236p. Expansion 
prospects excited WSL Hold- 
ings at 191p, up 4p as well as 
Helical Bar, 8p higher at I96p. 

James Cream shpped 20p to 
34Sp on the rights issue, but 
Marler Estates was marked 
up 45p to 390p on the 
acquisition of Fulham FC. 

Rank Organisation cause in 
for some late support at 553p, 
up lip, on revived reports 
that Mr Alan Bond had ac- 



Dean a a 
Debtor CIS „ 
Goto Gm Trot 
Gnaen © (1 
Juiye Hotel 
Lee Ml (18 
Lodge Care 


Bee»y Ua 
Splash Prods 






* Executive Selection Asso- 
■' dales: Mr R J Unger has 
■ joined the board. 

Quilter Goodison: Mr Per- 
; cy Lomax is to be made a 
. divisional director. Mr David 
' Pollock will join as a senior 

- analyst 

’ m Associated Paper Indus- 

- tries: Dr I M Cairncross has 

- been made a director. 

Sangers Photographies: Mr 

Edward FitzGerald will join 
the board and will be manag- 
ing director of the group’s 
current operating subsidiaries. 
c TRW Inc: Mr Jerry Myers 
P ‘ will be an executive vice 

- president and chief financial 
!, officer. 

N M Rothschild & Sons: Mr 
Malcolm Aish, Mr Wflfiam 

• Staple and Mr Philip Swat- 
. man have joined the board. 

MSW Rapp & Collins: Mr 
Stuart Heather has been made 
. managing director. 

VaJspar Paints: Mr Martin 
. Tarran-JoDes becomes man- 
aging director. 

AGB Television Research: 
Mr Rapert Burks has become 
senior vice president, oper- 

Cementation Constrnctioa' 
Mr Eddie King has been 
appointed deputy managing 
director. Mr Howard May lard 
2 . and Mr Mike Chsebomne 
•• become regional directors for 
" Scotland and the North and 
for all southern regions 

Key Exchange Systems: Mr 
Alan WaDnaan has been mad* 
managing director and Mr 
Nick Newman becomes fi- 
nance director and company 

Robert M Douglas Hold- 
ings: Mr Leslie Holliday joins 
the board as a non-executive 

SJ Berwin & Co: Dr Je£an 
Lew, Mr Charles Abrams, Mr 
Jeffrey Smith, Mr Michael 
Trask, Mr Peter Anderson 
and Mr Trevor Brook have 
become partners. 

The East Lancashire Paper 
Mill- Co: Mr Geoff Harrison 
has been made manag in g 

Inch cape: Mr Charles Mae- 
kay will jointbe board. 
.Premier Brands: .The. fol- 
lowing have joined foe boartfc - ; 
Mr P R Jssige, managing 
director; Mr D M BraJsfora, 
finance; Mr R J Mottram, 
personnel; Mr J A Perkins, 
foods; Mr D D Reid, tea; Mr P 
Sands, sales and distribution; 
Mr MAM Tripp, catering 
and coffee; Mr G W Walsh, 
beverages and whiteners and 
Mr S E Williams, Chiveis 

Deutsche Westminster 
Bank AG, Frankfurt/Maiiu Dr 
Heinz Sippd has been ap- - 
pointed to the supervisory 
board and is now chairman, 
succeeding Mr Jeff Benson, 
who wall remain as deputy 


MENTS: Total dividend 4p 
(3.2p) for the year to March 31, 
1986. Turnover £139.08 million 
(£1 18.87 million). Pretax profit 
£10.09 million (£7.19 million). 
Earnings per share I1.16p 

HARBOUR CO: Turnover for 
1985 £52.96 million (£50.23 
million). Pretax profit £2.4 mil- 
lion (£807,000). Earnings per 
share IO.Op (loss 1.7p). 


tal dividend 33 per cent (31 per 
cent) for 1985. Turnover £223 
million (£20.42 million). Pretax 
profit £638,000 (£625,000). 

Earnings per share 6Jp (6.4p>. 

Six months to March 31, 1986. 
Imerim dividend 0-8p (OJpX 
Turnover £12.09 mflHon (£9.79 
million). Pretax profit £232 
million (£1.75 million). Earn- 
ings per share S.8p (6.7p). 

dividend l.9p(1.5p) for the year 
to Jan. 31. 1986. Gross renal 
and service income £1 1.5Imii- 
lion (£13.31 million). Pretax 
profit more than doubted to 
£7.61 million (£3.48 mlbon), 
mainly because of the safe of a 
property in Paris. Earnings per 
share 4.30p (3.49p). Net asset 
value a share rose by 30 per cent 
to 157p. 

UCTS: Total dividend for the 
year to Jan. 31, 1986, 25.03 per 
cent (22.75 per cent). Turnover 
£5.17 million (£4.36 raUran). 
Pretax profit £46 3.000 
(£401.000). Earnings per share 
6.34p (6.1Sp). 





Adam S Conpany- 




C. Hbn & Co — ■-? — 

Hong Kong & SteB0lai.--.JJgJ 

Mr S 

te tttetroinsar -— 
Bank ot Scotend. 


• KL50% 

* Mortoae B«e 

• MILES 33: Year to Feb. 28. 
1986. Dividend 3p (2.75p) and 
one-for-one scrip issue. Turn- 
over £5 minim) (£3.94 million). 
Pretax profit £780,000 
(£513,000). Earnings per share 
27.7p (192p). An application is 
being made to the London Stock 
Exchange fora full listing. Miles 
will not be raising any addi- 
tional capital at tins time, but 
wants to broaden the ownership 
to a wider group of 

• LEP GROUP: The group has 
pre-let Lep House, St Paul's 
Vista. London, EC4, to Swiss 
Bank Corporation International 
at an initial rent of over £30 per 
so ft. The building will provide 
Swiss Bank with about 190,000 
sq ft of air-conditioned accom- 
modation. Construction has 
started and the building will be 
delivered to Swiss Bank at tbe 
sheD-and-core stage in late 
1987/ea riy 198 8. 

GROUP) The company is to 
boy 50 per cent of the capital of 
Benworth Copying Machines 
(Holdings) for £771.450 cash 
and 163.250 new shares in 
Southern. Mr John Murray, a 
director of Southern, is the 
principal shareholder of 
Benworth, so the agreement is 
conditional on approval by 
Southern's shareholders. 
Benworth is a distributor of 


COATINGS: Total dividend 
2.1ft. as forecast, for the year to 
Ft*. 28 -a 40 per cent increase 
over the previous .year T urn- 
over £12.48 miDion (£1 -68 
million). Pretax profit £1.25 
million (£945,000). Earnings per 
share 5.88 p adjugedk .. 

dend 0.35p (ml) for 1985. 
Turnover £25.25 million 
i£2176 million). Pretax profit 
£217.000 (£168,0 00 loss). Earn- 

pretax profit £41.000 (£48,00©. 
Earnings per share 0.1 5p 

#"ma"jedie invest- 

MENTS: lnrenm dividend 2p 

(0.95p) f° r ft** 

Man* 31. 1986, payable July 4: 
The board expects to maintain 
the final at 4 J5p- Nft income 
before Tax £1-28 million (£1.32, 
million). Earnings per share 

i ^WiY^CTne ©TER- 
LING) FUND: Year to March 
ti 1986. Dividend held at 
isAo. Net income £389,000 
(£263.000). .Net ass«s £3Z53- 
miflion (£31.75 million). . 


Ratnars IM> 

RoaatauA NJP 

SaatdhiTs N/P 

Sato TBnay F/P 
(issue prtro fn brackets). 

155 +1 
.151 SB 

46 +1 

65 -5 

quired 3 stake. Newcomer 
Clarke Hooper made a bright 
debut at I59p, against the 
placing price of 130p. 

Cautious comment over- 
shadowed Air Call, 8p lower 
at 242p. but Mersey Docks 
rose 3.5p to 41 p after trebled 

Press comment supported 
Brengreen at 39.3p. up 3.5p, as 
London and Continental Ad- 
vertising added 3.5p to 150p 
on the chairman’s optimistic 
statement. Moves to buy in 
shares lifted Forminster 7p to 
195p. and Bertefords Group 
rallied 12p to lOSp, awaiting 
takeover developments with 
Allied Textiles 

Standard Fireworks im- 
proved by 7p to 155p on the 
planned rival offer from Scot- 
tish Heritable, at 18 Ip, up 

United Newspapers gained 
7p to 350p after the annual 
meeting. Corporate reorgani- 
zation plans helped A Gold- 
berg to a 4p rise at 141p. ANZ 
Bank lost 1 2p more to 25 lp on 
further reaction to Monday's 
disappointing figures. Home 
banks were still held back by 
the NatWest rights issue. 

Speculative interest stimu- 
lated Hop Robinson at 308p, 
up I3p. Composite insurances 
returned to favour with gains 

In fifes. Equity & Law, a 
recent takeover fovourite, put 
on 7p to 263p ahead of today's 
annual meeting. Albert Fisher 
was wanted at 175p. up 9p. 
Other firm spots included Low 
and Bonar at 428p, up by lOp 
and Hestair, 7p better at I70p. 


Bumper basket from Sainsbury 

It is difficult to think of 
another family-owned retail- 
er which enjoys so much 
goodwill among its custom- 
ers, employees and share- 
holders as J Sainsbury. Its 
results, announced yesterday, 
show why. 

In yet another bumper set. 
of results, the company has 
continued its record-breaking 
performance. In the year io 
M arch 2Z 1986. profits be- 
fore lax and profit-sharing 
rose by 24 per cent to £208 
million on turnover up 14 per 
cent to £3.6 billion. 

The net margin on retailing 
has risen every year since 
1979 when it was 3.16 per 
cent until this latest year 
when it was 5.45 per cenL 

Margin improvement 
comes from a variety of 
sources. The move to larger 
stores gives economies of 
scale. Customers are trading 
up to higher-value, higher- 
margin goods. Sainsbury is 
enjoying greater volumes in 
its existing stores. Perhaps 
most importantly, productiv- 
ity has been improving — 
1985-86 saw the biggest pro- 
ductivity gain for seven years, 
helped by investment in new 
systems, data processing and 

In 1986-87. investment in 
new stores will continue at a 
similar pace to last year. 
Another 15 supermarkets 
with an average sales area of 
28,750 sq ft and six more 
42.400 sq ft Homebase D1Y 
stores arc planned, taking 
capital spending above the 
1 985-86 level of £240 million. 
This will give the company 
278 supermarkets and 23 
Homebase stores. 

As a result of this expan- 

sion, the debt ratio has gone 
from 1 7.8 per cent to 22 pa* 
cent since March 1985, and it 
will rise a few points more in 
1986-87. but the balance 
sheet cannot be said to be in 
any way strained. 

Meanwhile, the shares con- 
tinue to enjoy a premium 
rating in the stock market 
and there is little reason to 
suppose that they will not 
continue to do so. Assuming 
profit continues to grow at 
around 20 per cent the shares 
are on a prospective multiple 
of about 19.5 after charging 
capitalized interest The gross 
dividend yield is around 2.3 
per cent prospective. 


The volatility of Ranks 
Hovis McDougall's shares 
this year has owed more to 
speculation surrounding 
S&W BerisforcTs 14.6 per 
cent stake than to surprises 
on the trading front. 

Yesterday's announcement 
of interim profits 9.5 per cent 
higher at £40.2 million coin- 
cided with the news that both 
suitors of Berisford had been 
referred to tbe Monopolies 
Commission. RHM can now 
breathe easily for six months, 
and get on with the business 
of baking. 

The long fight back to 
profitability in the bread 
division has not yet been 
won. Bread lost money in the 
first bal£ but it should break 
even in the current half and 
make money next year. 

The 5p increase on a large 
loaf was offset by 4p extra 
flour costs and lp for wages 
and overheads, but margins 
improved as efficiencies from 
the new plant came through. 

RHM has spent £55 million 
on re-equiping its baking 
operations in the past four 
years. Spending on flour mill- 
ing continues with £4.7 mil- 
lion taken below the line. 

The grocery and cakes 
divisions had a good half, 
with demand for Bisto gravy 
strong in a cold winter and 
Mr Kipling's new Christmas 
cakes “going down a treat." 
Repackaging of traditional 
apple pies has boosted sales, 
and the push by Mr Kipling 
on the international front is 
being particularly successful 
in France and West 

Adverse exchange rates 
look £1.5 million off profits, 
but earnings per share were 
flattered by a lower tax charge 
because of releases from de- 
ferred ' tax. Although this 
situation will not last and tax 
will creep up again, a rate of 
30 per cent is likely this year. 

Full-year taxable profits of 
£80 million are expected, 
giving a prospective price- 
earnings ratio of 10.8 on the 
shares, down lp at 203p. 
RH M is at a small discount to 
the food manufacturing sec- 
tor, indicating that there is 
some room for share price 

Evans Halshaw 

Evans Halshaw is coming 
to the stock market to raise 
money after its recent buy- 
out. It must feel the stock 
market is less likely to col- 
lapse than in 1984, when its 
flotation was pulled because 
the market was weak. This 
time it is going ahead despite 
the recent shakeout 

Evans Halshaw needs to re- 
duce its debt. Including fi- 
nance lease obligations, bal- 
ance sheet borrowings stood 
at £14.6 million al the end of 
April. In addition there were 
on balance sheet borrowings 
of £5.4 million compared 
with shareholders' funds at 
December 31 last year of 
£7.96 million. 

Interest charges on these 
borrowings amounted to 
£1.65 million in the year to 
December 31. up from 
£674,000. This offset the 
increase in trading profits 
from £2.77 million to £3.83 
million and left pretax results 
unchanged at £2. 18 million. 

After abandoning the float 
in 1984. the company was 
bought from its parent, LCP 
Holdings, by the manage- 
ment. which paid £9 million. 
The company is now valued 
at £17 million, which in- 
cludes £5.5 million for the 
new money being raised as 
part of the float 

In trading terms the com- 
pany has a good record. The 
Ford dealerships accounted 
for 42 per cent of the trading 
total and showed the biggest 
profit increase last year, with 
the General Motors, Jaguar, 
Rolls-Royce and BL dealer- 
. ships contributing a further 
37 per cent. 

Evans Halshaw also has a 
replacement car parts distri- 
bution business and a subsi- 
diary -dealing with contract 
hire and fleet management 

There is no profit forecast 
but the historic multiple is 8 
at the offer price of 120p. 
More interesting is the yield 
which is 6.8 per cent and the 
asset backing which is lOOp. 


• Profits increase 24% to£208 million 

Record productivity 

Profit sharing at record 9% erf pay 

Points from the Chatman’s Statement 

1. Group profit before tax and profit 
sharing rose by 24 % and exceeded 
£200 million for the first tune. Net 
margin was a record 5.4596 whilst 
prices remained well below the 
average for supermarket chains. 

2. Group sales at £3,575 million were 
up by 14%. The increase in 
supermarket sales of £417 imflion 
represents real volume growth of over 
9% similar to the level of the past two 
years. Homebase sales advanced by 
£23 million to £87 million, a rise of 36%. 

3. At Haverhill Meat Products there 
was a substantial turn round in 
performance. SavaCentre achieved a 
sales increase of 18% to £279 million 
and a 30% rise in profit to £12.6 million. 
Our American Associate, Shaw’s, also 
had an excellent year with profit 
before tax and property profits up by 
24% to $25 million. 




£ million 

52 weeks to 

52 weeks io 


23rd March 






.Retail Profit 




Net Margin 

■ 5.45% 






Profit before Tax ' 
and Profit Sharing 




Profit Sharing 


' 12.2 






Earnings per Share 
(3596 tax) 




Dividend per Share 
- net for year 




4. Annual investment exceeded £240 
million of which 78% was devoted to 
site acquisition and supermarket 
development The average size of the 
15 new supermarkets was the largest 
ever at over 27,000 sq. ft sales area. 

5. Improvements in efficiency through 
new systems in distribution and in 
the stores have helped productivity 
rise to a record level and give the best 
annual improvement for seven years. 
We are now installing electronic 
scanners in all our larger stores. 

6. About 34,000 employees will receive 
the equivalent of four and a half weeks’ 
pay from profit sharing. Over the seven 
years of the scheme more than £56 
million will have been distributed to 
staff in cash or shares. As a result of 
the Company’s share schemes, one 
quarter of employees are shareholders 
and nearly a third of shareholders are 




1 Other famstmeni 

| Sfes and Supermarkets 



1982 B83 1984 1985 1^6 

Historical cost renun 
Current cost rehiRt 

198? 1 BS4 1985 1 'Sib 

Good food costs less at Sainsbury’s... every year 




A. -J 



1 S 

e ^ 









e * 



- ■ > 



” 5? 



. to 












!T**V WWJ'AT -■ \ 

:i . 


£,\ ViV v i, * - 




Information for Siemens shareholders 

9 , 



Strong rise in capital investment - 
continuing growth in German domestic business 


New orders 


The cyclical nature of the power plant busi- 
ness and above all the increased strength of 
the German mark against the dollar had an 
adverse effect on the percentage changes 
during the first six months of the current 
financial year, the period from 1 October 
1985 to 31 March 1986. If the power plant 

During the first six months of last year, 
Siemens sales grew by a significant 33 %, to 
£ 7,771m owing to the billing of two nuclear 
power plant contracts (Gundremmingen C and 
Grohnde). Because no nuclear power plant 
was billed in the first half of the current finan- 
cial year, Siemens world sales have dipped 
18% to £ 6,401m. Excluding the power plant 
business, Siemens recorded a slight growth 

The level of new orders reflected the absence 
of new power plant contracts in the Federal 
Republic of Germany and the effect of 
exchange rate fluctuations on international 
business. As a result worldwide order intake, 
at £ 7,263m, was 13% down over the same 
period last year. Without the power plant busi- 
ness, domestic order bookings rose by 7%. 
Siemens anticipates that new orders world- 

Orders in hand moved up 3% to £ 16,177m 
during the first six months. Inventories were 
increased to £ 5,786m (last year £ 5,159m) 
primarily in support of long-term systems 

Following the 20,000 new jobs created last 
year, the total number of employees was again 
increased by 9,000 to 357,000 over the first 
half of the current financial year. The work- 
force was expanded by 5,000 in the Federal 
Republic of Germany and Berlin (West), and 
4,000 people were added abroad. An average 
of 352,000 employees were on Siemens' 
payrolls during the six months under review, 
6% more than for the same period last year.- 

business is excluded, German domestic 
sales rose by 10% and domestic new orders 
by 7%. Siemens anticipates continuing 
growth in domestic and international busi- 
ness and as a result has recruited 9,000 
additional employees and boosted capital 
investment by 69% to £657m. 

in total sales, including a strong 10% rise in 
domestic business. In real terms, international 
sales were also higher than last year. 

~ 1/10/84 to 1/10/85 to 

in Dm 31/3/85 31/3/86 Change 

'Sates:*-} : \-7CtTt- ''&M& 

Domestic business 4,335 3,011 —31% 

International business 3.436 3,389 — 1% 

wide will exceed £ 15,000m over the current 
financial year. 

in Em 

Domestic business 
International business 

1/10/84 to 




3,310 -19% 
3,953 ' - 8% 

30/9/85 31/3/86 Ctranqe 


in thousands 30/9/85 

Domestic operations 240 


operations 108 

1/10/84 to 

1/10/85 to 

.‘Average number A, . - s - 

• of employees . •• ' *' . : .V ; 

thousands-- • -.';u - -'..*332£ 

+ 2 % 

+ 3% 



Siemens increased capital expenditure and 
investment to £657m during the first six 
months, 69% above last year's comparable 
figure. Capital spending of around £175m is 
planned for the entire financial year. 

Net income after taxes was £185m, yielding a 
net profit margin of 2.9% as against 2.8% for 
the entire 1984/85 financial year. 

1/10/84 to 


31/3/85 | 




in % of sales 

2.4 2.9 

All amounts translated a! Frankfurt middle rate on 31/3/1986: Cl — DM 3.443. 

Structural change 
in world electrical market 

Volume in billions or DM based on 1985 prices 


CZH3 Electrical engineering 





i : m:, 

■■ ^7 

. .... .. 

Structural change calls for 
high rate of investment 

Ten years ago, electronics accounted for one third 
of the world electrical market, by 1995 its share will 
have risen to two thirds. Siemens was quick to 
respond to the transition from electromechanical 
technology to electronics and today half of Its 
sales consist of electronic equipment and 
systems. This has required considerable capital 
expenditure, and will continue to do so. 
Consequently, during the current 1985/86 financial 
year, Siemens will once again increase R&D 
expenditure from £140m to roughly £160m and 
boost capital spending from £120m to around 

Siemens AG 

In Great Britain: Siemens Ltd. 

Siemens House, Windmill Road, 
Middlesex, TW16 7HS 

rise by 27% 

Pretax profits of J Bibfey, 
ihe industrial, agriculturaLand 
packaging group controlled by 
Barlow Rand, the South Afri- 
can conglomerate, were 27 J 
per cent higher, at £20.3 mil- 
lion in the six months to 
March 29. 

Sales rose by 32.6 per cent 
to £269.6 millio n- The in- 
crease in profit came from the 
£4.7 million first-time trading 
contribution from Princeton 
Packaging, acquired in April, 
1985. • t - 

Trading profits in the indus- 

By Alison Eadie 

and in the distribution divi- 
sion they declined by 7.4 per 

Interest charges were 15 per 
cent higher at £22 million 
after the Princeton acquisi- 
tion. • 

The 24 per cent strengthen^ 
ing of sterling against pie 
dollar reduced the trading 
profits of American opera- 
tions by £250,000, laigdy 
causing' the downturn m 

An interim dividend of 
2.75p is proposed against Ip 
for me previous interim peri- 
od of three months. The 
company said it intended to 
«»g*ahlwh a closer relationship 
between die interim and final 
dividends alter recent acquisi- 
tions have increased the pro- 
portion of profits earoed in the 

Shop boost for designer 

By Jeremy Warner, Bosmess Correspondent 

John Michael Design, the 
USM-qooted design consul- 
tancy, is expected to be a big 
beneficiary of Harris 
Queensway’s acquisition of 
the Times Furniture stores 
from Great Universal Stores. 

The consultancy is in a 
prime position to pick up the 
contract for a revamp of the 
350 Times Furniture stores, 
according to stock market 

Details of the £100 million 
deal between Harris 

IONAL: Total dividend I-63p 
( 1 .45p) for the year to March 31, 
1986. Turnover £1222 million 
(£107.89 million). Pretax profit 
£5.63 million (£4.5 million). 
Earnings per share 432p 

• DUBEUER: Half-year to 

March 30. 1986. Interim divi- 
dend I-2p (1-lp). Turnovo: 
continuing operations £17.72 
million (£20.1 1 million) and 
divested operations nil (£4.58 
million). Pretax profit £237 
millio n (£2.9 million). Earnings 
per share 5.0p (53d). 

INESS: The company is to raise 
about £U million (net) by a 
one-for-foor rights issue of or- 

Queensway and GUS are ex- 
pected to be announced soon. 1 

This year GUS sold its 
Thoms chain to Harris which 
merged it with its 
Poundstretcber offshoot. 

GUS still holds a 20 per cent 
stake in Poundstretcb er, a 
general purpose store chain 

Harris is raising £74 million 
through a rights issue and a 
si gnifican t proportion of this 
is believed to be earmarked 
for a refit of the Times stores. 


dinary shares. This issue has 
been underwritten. 

EERING: Six months to March 
31. L9S6. Interim dividend 
0.625p — a 25 per cent increase 
— payable on July 18. Turnover 
£627 million (£4.72 million). 
■Pretax profit £577.000 
(£427,900). Earnings per share 


• TRILION: Six months to 

March 31, 1986. Interim divi- 
dend 0.4p (nil). Turnover £434 
million (£333 million). Pretax 
profit £269.000 (£221.000). 

Earning per share Z.61p 

CARDIFF: Six months to 
March 31. 1986. Turnover £5.71 

Noble to 
take over 

NoWe and Lund has agreed 

to acquire Kwiklok through 
ihe issue of up to three million 
new shares. The deal is subject 
to approval by Noble and 
Limd shareholders. 

Kwiklok designs and manu- 
fectnres flat pack form lure, 
primarily for the teenage and 
young adult market. Based at 
Kirkby, Merseyside, it «m- 
pfoys about 180 peopte. Abottt 
£330,000 has been invested in 
new plaza over the past year. 

Kwiklok made a loss before 
tax of £200333 cm a turnover 
of £10-5 mOiion in the 18 
months to December 31. Its 
net assets were £233,000. 

Tire unaudited figures for 
1985, however, show a profit 
of £196,000 on a turnover of 
£g.8 miHion- 

Noble and Lund will issue 
135 million shares on com- 
pletion. A farther 3/XH shares 
will be issued for each £1,000 
of pretax profit made over 
£250,000 in either 1986 or 
V 1 987 no to a total of a further 
1.75 million shares. . 

Arrangements have been 
made for Quitter Goodison, 
Noble and Lund's financial 
adviser, to {dace 900,000 of 
the 125 million shares to be 
issued on completion. 

After issue of the maximum 
of 1.75 million additional 
shares, at least 25 per cent of 
the shares will be in public 
hands. _ 

million (£633 million). Pretax 
profit £I02 j 000 (£23.000). Earn- 
ings per share 1 Jlp(033pXTbe 
board is in talks with its advisers 
to prep are a capital reconstruc- 
tion scheme, whit* would allow 
the company to resume 

• PENGKAUEN: Year to Sept. 
30. 1985. No dividend (ml)i 
Loss before tax £81.843 
(£96,443). Loss per-share 5-S6p 


• W CANNING: The US off- 
shoot, Medserv, has acquired 80 
per cat of Iowa Sickroom 
Strophes for about S80Q.00Q 
(£527,000). with an option to 
acquire the remainder in five 
years, based on ISS's 

Taylor Woodrow 

Construction ■ Property • Homes 

Teamwork achieves 25th 
consecutive year of growth 

Mr Frank Gibb, Chairman and Chief Executive, reports: 

In 1985 the company recorded 
its 25th consecutive year of 
growth, with both turnover 
and profits up in the year- a 
not unsatisfactory 

The group now embraces a 
great breadth of activities 
including not only engineering 
and construction but 
also substantial property 
and house development 
interests. We also have major 
involvements in coal and gas 
production, sand and gravel 
operations and a host of allied 
activities. . 

Turnover and profit 
before taxation show a 
continuation of the sustained 
rate of growth in recent years. 
Profits from our property 
operations were particularly 
good, whilst North American 
activities have also made a 
substantial contribution to 

The work available to the 
constructioriindustry in the 
U.K* is below its capacity and 
there has been little increase in 
public sector investment 

We face the future with great 
confidence and with the 
encouragement of a number of 
recent successes, including our 
participation in the Channel 
Tunnel Group and the Canary 
Wharf consortium, which has 
the potential for substantia! 
work in the coming years. 

As a strong supporter of the 
free enterprise system the 
company is also seeking 
opportunities in privately- 
financed construction projects 
which have great potential. . 

We shall be continuing with 
our programme of carefully 
selected quality property and 
housing land investments and 
are also seeking opportunities 
to expand our housing 
development activities. 

The Year in brief 

1385 1984* Increase 







Pretax profit 




Earnings per share 




Dividends paid and proposed 




•Restated and adjusted for rights issue. 

Total shareholders' funds 
now amount to £398 million, 
equivalent to 553p per share. 

The successful completion 
last year of a rights issue raised 
£42.3 million which has been 
invested in the group's future, 
growth. A one for one bonus 
issue of shares is 

Taylor Woodrow is made up 
of teams of fine men and 
women throughout the world 
supported by the latest 
systems and high-technology 
and the considerable resources 
of the group. By their loyal and 
dedicated service they make an 
invaluable contribution to the 
progress of the Group. 

Experience, expertise and 
CNTt ^ teamworic— worldwide 


ves 2s: 


— ‘■■ • .i n 




Reports clash on tourism’s 
ability to 

2 ^' D erekHanis, Industrial Editor 

" Controversy over the ability 

* fll the fnilncm aiul - 

10 f the tourism and tefetoreii 
dustry to generate extra jobs in 
Britain broke out yesterday 
'to'^fnthe English Tourist 
. Board (ETB) and the Univer- 
sity of Surrey, a leader of 
research into the industry. 

The ETB has published the 
first detailed study of the 
'■various sectors in the indus- 
try. earned out by the Institute 
?of Manpower Studies. 

- It claims to show that 
growth in new jobs in the hotel 
and catei-ing sector had been 
just over 40 per cent in the 
.past 10 years, while the tour- 

- ism and leisure industry as a 
..whole had seen employment 
grow by about 15 per cent. 
More than 2 million people — 

-nearly one in 10 of the 
employed labour force — last 
,year were involved in the 
-industry, it calculates. 

But even as it was published 
yesterday a report from the 
University of Surrey was sug- 
gesting that some claims for 
-job creation by the industry 
/were “exaggerated and unreai- 

Tourism and leisure, with a 
' reputation as the country's 
fastest growing industry, 
.-.might not be able to live up to 
fall that was forecast for it, 

' .according to the Surrey report. 

- Mr Victor Middleton, who 
prepared the Surrey report, 

.-was scathing about claims that 
>1400,000 full-time jobs would 
/be created by 1990. 

This prospect was put for- 
ward just over a year ago in a 

report prepared for the British 
Tourist Authority, whose 
chairman, Mr Duncan Bloc k, 
is also chairman of the ETB. 

The Government has been 
looking to the tourism indus- 
try to provide new jobs as 
political pressures have grown 
over unemployment. 

The Surrey report says the 
rapid growth in foreign visit- 
ors to Britain during past three 
years is being used “for rea- 
sons of political expediency to 
justify exaggerated and unreal- 
istic claims". But the ETB 
chief execu tive. Mr John East, 
said of the ETB's study:. “This 
report provides indep enden t 
confirmation of the ETB’s 
roost optimistic estimates of 
opportunities and growth in 
the industry. It also hi g hli g hts 
the widespread regional distri- 
bution and the wide variety of 
job opportunities in tourism 
and leisure." 

The report should go a long 
way to promoting a more posi- 
tive attitude to employment in 
tourism and leisure ,he said. 

Employment in the industry 
rose by more than 300,000 in 
the 10yearstothe end ofl985, 
according to the ETB report. 
There were 270,000 jobs creat- . 
ed in hotel and catering,' 
despite the effects of increased 
automation in kitchens. 

Job opportunities for cooks 
and chefs have continued to 

rapidly, with hotels 
and catering offering the best 
chance of work for the young. 

Manual and clerical work- 
ers predominated in the in- 

John East: tourism industry 
not easy to measure 
dustry and it was one of the 
few sectors where demand for 
manual jobs had been rising. 
Graduate recruitment had al- 
so been increasing sharply 
since the early part of this 
decade, especially in travel 
and transport, the report said. 
In many occupations in the 
industry there were good 
chances of advancing quickly 
to supervisory or management 

The number of self-em- 
ployed in. the industry is 
estimated to have risen by 
more than 40,000 in the past 
10 years. Seasonal employ- 
ment is now a relatively minor 
feature of the 1 industry, ac- 
. cording to the report. Two 
thirds of males were now 
employed full- time and so 
were one third of females. 

The Surrey critique does not 
contest that there has been 
overall growth in tourism 
since 1975. But it says there 
have been declining sectors of 

English and Welsh domestic 
tourism to be set against the 
gains that have been seen, es- 
pecially in travel-related as- 
pects of leisure and recreation 
including the growth of day 

While the number of visits 
from abroad has increased 
dramatically over 10 yean the 
number of nights stayed had 
fluctuated considerably, the 
report said. Levels of spending 
as a result had not increased 
greatly in real terms. 

Although 1985 had seen 
overseas visitor totals at a high 
point the number of nights 
they spent in Britain was only 
a little higher than in 1979, a 
previous peak year, the report 

A meeting is e xpect ed to be 
held between the ETB and the 
Surrey academic team to ex- 
plore the apparent clash in 
findings. One of the problems 
could be the comparative lack 
of research in this sector. As 
Mr East remarked yesterday, 
employment in tourism and 
leisure does not lend itself to 
easy m easur ement. 

The ETB subsequently said 
it has been estimated that 
20,000 new jots could be 
created if licensing laws m 
England and Wales were liber- 

Jobs in Tourism and Leisure: 
an occupational review: ETB, 
Dept. D, 4 Bromells Road, 
London SWA OBJ; £5. 
International Tourism Re- 
ports — England and Wales: 
Economist Publications, 40 
Duke Street, London WlA 
1 DW; £30. 

queue for 

From John Earle, Rome 

About 400 people — some 
with steeping bags — waited 
outside the Bologna branch of 
Banco di Roma during the 
night to snap up non-voting 
preference shares in Unipol, 
the fast growing insurance 

It was the first offering of 
the company's shares to the 
public. The sale dosed after 
three boors. 

Banco di Roma is the leader 
of a consortium of hanks 
charged with selling 10 million 
shares at MOOtire (£235) 
each before Unipofs listing on 
the Milan Bourse. Unipol, 
based at Bologna and con- 
trolled by the left-wing League 
of Cooperatives with 29 per 
cent of the shares held by 
West German trade moons, 
was 120th among Italian insur- 
ance companies 12 years ago, 
hot it is now ninth. 

It reported a 41 per cent rise 
in net profits for 1985 and is 
doubling the dividend. It will 
be the first time that part of 
the Italian co-operative move- 
ment has been quoted on a 
stock exchange. 

Unipol is cashing in on the 
fever which has gripped the 
public and poshed Milan's 
prices up four times since the 
beginning of 1985. The valne 
of dealings on Monday ex- 
ceeded 500 billion fire (£220 
million). Analysts are begin- 
ning to express concern, point- 
ing out that the price-earnings 
ratio of all shares quoted is 
now about 40. 

The surge has been partly 
because of too much money 
too few stocks. 

State ‘must continue 
to finance research’ 

Slate funding for scientific 
research needs to be maintain- 
ed. and if possible enhanced, if 
more private sector fending is 
to be attracted from industry, 
according to a report pub- 
lished yesterday. 

There is considerable scope 
for greater involvement by the 
private sector through a “trip- 
le alliance" with government- 
fended research councils and 
higher education institutions, 
but industry cannot realistic- 
ally be expected to fend basic 
research, it said. 

These are the main conclu- 
sions of a working party set up 
by the advisory board for the' 
research councils to study the 
possibilities of increased pri- 
vate sector funding for sci- 
entific research. 

Professor Peter Mathias, 
Chichele Professor of Eco- 
nomic History at Oxford Uni- 
versity, who chaired the 18- 
month study, said private 
sector finance should not be 
seen as a substitute for state 

He said: “The main poten- 
tial private sector fenders, 
whether companies or chari- 
ties, were highly resistant to 
the idea that they should in- 
crease their contribution just 
to allow a withdrawal of 
public fends." 

To stimulate private fund- 
ing the Government should 
consider providing incentives 
through tax concessions. 
There should also be a struc- 
ture to enable research coun- 
cils to retain private earnings 
without a reduction in their 
state budgets, the report said. 

By Teresa Poole 

The working party — which 
look evidence from industrial- 
ists, financial institutions, re- 
search organizations, and cha- 
rities - found a great distrust 
of the Government's motives 
for encouraging private fend- 
ing and a feeling that it was 
“trying unrealistically to put 
the clock back to the pre-war 
situation" when state fending 
was at a much lower level. 

There was also considerable 
“misunderstanding" between 
industry and academic re- 
searchers which stood in the 
way of potential collaboration. 
To combat this, databases and 
registers of research activity 
should be set up and more de- 
tailed information published 
on jointly funded projects. 

Greatest scope for joint 
ventures between firms and 
academic scientists was in 
areas of “strategic" applied 
research, where commercial 
technological spin-offs ap- 
peared likely but where fur- 
ther work was needed to iden- 
tify products and processes, 
the report said. 

In comparison with the Un- 
ited States, France, and Ger- 
many — where the proportion 
of gross domestic product 
spent on civil research and 
development is more than 2 
per cent and rising — in Britain 
it is 1.6 per cent and falling. 
Similarly, industry financed 
60 per cent of total R&D in 
Japan and Germany, 50 per 
cent in the US, and only 40 per 
cent in Britain. 

Research councils — which 
are funded by the Department 
of Education and Science — 

should consider setting up 
companies to exploit research 
and “clubs" so that firms can 
participate in projects of inter- 
est to them. 

Professor Mathias said: "I 
hope we have discovered ways 
of widening the common 

In its consultations with 
industry the working party 
found that large companies 
preferred to conduct as much 
as possible of their R&D in 
house. Smaller companies, 
without research facilities, 
could profit from contact with 
universities and polytechnics 
but had the greatest difficul- 
ties in making such contacts in 
the academic world. It said 
scope existed for closing this 
gap and that research organi- 
zations should take the lead in 
establishing these contacts. 

There was a wide percep- 
tion within companies that 
shareholders were most con- 
cerned about short-term profit 
gain and that this limited the 
amount of longer term re- 
search work. The report re- 
commends that to avoid re- 
search-oriented companies be- 
ing undervalued by the Stock 
Exchange all firms should 
have to specify research and 
development spending in their 
annual accounts. 

Report of the working party 
on the private sector finding of 
scientific research. Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence publications Despatch 
Centre, Honeypoi Lane. Can- 
ons Park. Stanmore, Middle- 
sex HA7 1AZ. 

t - 

Ulster businesses warning 

The “terrible" political situ- 
„ ation in Northern Ireland is 
discouraging the development 
of small businesses, according 
-to Mr Rowan Hamilton, 
/chairman of the Local Enter- 
'jnise Development Unit, 
-Ulster's small business agen- 

Despite the difficulties, he 
’'was able to announce a record 
figure of almost 4,400 jobs 
promoted in 1985-86— almost 
3,900 in 766 new projects, and 
a further 500 rescued, or 
'renewed" as the LEDU puts 
it, in 25 existing companies 
helped over short-term 

, The agency's five-year tar- 
get of 12,000 new jobs to 
which it was committed in 
19$L has bpeiv exceeded by. 

The average cost per 
promoted lad year was 

By Bob Rodwell 

than £5,000, and with an 
average life of seven years, this 
was only £760 per job a year— 
“very good value for money" 
Mr Hamilton said. 

But both he and Mr George 
Mackey, the LEDU chief exec- 
utive, sounded warnings of the 
serious affects the Unionists’ 
anti-Hillsborough pact cam- 
paign was having on further 
small business growth, claim- 
ing that it had led to some 
projects being cancelled. 

In particular, the local en- 
terprise programme under 
which. thelLEDU collaborates 
with broadly based local com- 
munity groups to establish 
workshops and other small 
business premises, was being 
hit by the continuous adjourn- . 
mentpojicy being followed by' 
.the Unionists in many of 
Ulster’s 26 district councils. 

On the other hand, provi- 
sions of small business 
premises by commercial de- 
velopers, encouraged by 
LEDU. property development 
grants, is thriving — II 
projects being completed pro- 
viding 75 mini-factories in the 
first year of the grant scheme. 

The LEDU's emphasis has 
changed recently from the 
promotion of new ventures 
towards the expansion and 
development of existing com- 

Some 40 per cent of LEDU 
clients now train in the Irish 
Republic, mainlan d Britain OT 
further afield, but their efforts 
were being handicapped by 
the image of the province. 

.The LEDU also said there 
had been a marked increase in 
the number of women with 
potential ventures. 

Financial Times may 
sell headquarters 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

The Financial Times is to 
decide outhe future of its City 
offices at the end of July, a 
move which could lead to 
their redevelopment in a £100 
million venture. 

The FT is considering a 
number of options on the use 
of its prime site in the heart of 
the Square Mile by Si Paul's' 

If the printing operation is 
moved out it is likely that th e 
journalists and administrative 
staff will fellow suit, leaving 
the newspapers owner, the 
Pearson Group, with a valu- 
able asset. 

That is one of several 
options being discusssed, in- 
cluding staying in the build- 
ing. But tire FT wants to 
expand hs production facili- 
ties which may involve build- 
ing a new plant away from the 

The management is, howev- 
er, determined that its journal- 
ists will stay in or very dose to 

the Square Mile. 

The chance to' redevelop 
Bracken House, its home in 
Cannon Street, would enable 
the newspaper to capitalize on 
the booming City office 

' The FT”s distinctive build- 
which outraged advocates 
‘Modern Movement" 
was designed by Sir Albert 
Richardson, the architect and 
built between 1956 and -1959. 
Itis not listed nor is it in a con- 
servation area. But the new 
City local plan shows it to be 
in the St Paul's heights area, 
meaning that any redevelop^, 
meat is restricted in height so 
as not to block the view of the 

The newspaper would have 
to obtain planning permission 
for any redevelopment of the 
site and it is likely that the 
City planners would be anx- 
ious to keep so distinguished a 
building. But it would be 
possible to build modem of- 
fice space behind the existing 


236 Grays Inn Road 
London WC1X8HB 

telephone 01-278 0444 
telexZmm WinlawG 
Facsimile 01-833 2860 
ZtT255 London 


FROM 27 MAY 1986 

jfjfbncenf ric 

....the quality group 

Points from the board's interim statement: — 

☆ Profits at record level 

☆ Dividend increased 

' ☆ All companies trading well 


Half-year to 
29 March 

Half-year to 
3.1 March 

Year to 
30 September 











Profit before tax 








The board declared an interim dividend of 1 .56p per share Oast 
year 1 .35p). Earnings per share for half year are 4.80p (1985 
322p). . 

Group products indude components for automotive and white 
goods industries; process control instrumentation and 
computing and specialised engineering services. 

Details from:— Concentric Pic, ColeshHIRoad, Sutton CokiTtekt 
West Midlands B75 7AZ 

from strength 

t PtaB betas ia fa tte 6 ma® 10 2® ® at * 1 V teased * U to ILIMp ( 1985 10Bp J. 

to£203twi00(1985U5,955#0). q Bejood the fottafl jear figures, the Chatman ca'iAnSy apsets that he 

• tataio t&nleDd ZKp. An Jnaw« ol compared wfh Cotow «a as* ode father good puss to the year as a stole. 

<Mendiastyex.* ftw (to Mem Report ftr he X tools. eaU 23H Jferft 

• Sate rose to E26M67JM fa® nWBW. » moose of 310L 



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Federative Republic of Brazil 

8 Va% External Bonds Due December 1, 1987 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, on behalf of the Federative Republic of Brazil, that on June 2. 1986, $1,320,000 
principal amountof its 8V4% External Bonds will be redeemed outof moneys to be paid by it to Dillon. Read & Caines, 
as Principal Paying Agent, pursuant to the mandatory, annual redemption requirement of said Bonds and to the 
related Authenticating Agency Agreement and Paying Agency Agreement, each dated as of December 1. 1972. 
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company, as Authenticating Agent, has select® 
bearing the following serial numbers; 

Coupon Bonds to be redeemed in whole: 

it, has selected, by lot, for such redemption the Bonds 

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Regutared Banda without coupons to be redeemed in whole or in part and the prinripal amount to be redeemed: 


















RS 3(31.. 

. S 10.000 

RB 913.... 


RB 973.. 

S 5,000 

RX 102. 

RB 302.. 

. 10,000 

RB 914... 


RV 81.... 


RX 224. 

RB 748. 


RB 959. .. 


RV 129... 


RB 911 .. 

. 100.000 

RB 90S... 


RX 83 . . . 


RB 912.. 

. 100.000 

RB 972.... 


RX 95.... 


ft be 


' 2.000 

Rondssoselected for redemption (or in thecaseofapartia] redemption the portion to be redeemed) will become and 
be due and payable in United States dollars on Jtme 2, 1986. at the office of Dillon, Read & Co. Inc., 19 Rector 
Street, New York, New York 10006, at one hundred per cent (100%) of the principal amount thereof with interest 
accrued thereon to the redemption date. Coupon Bonds should be presented for redemption together with all 
appurtenant coupons maturing subsequent to the redemption date. If moneys for the redemption of all the Bonds 
to be redeemed (or in the case of a partial redemption the portion to be redeemed) are available at the office of 
Dillon, Read & Co. Inc. on. the redemption date, interest thereon will cease to accrue from and after such date. 

be delivered thereof without charge. 

At the option of foe respective holders of the Bonds selected for redemption, the principal amount thereof and 
interest thereon may be collected upon presentation at the offices of the Co-Paying Agent. Banco Do Brasil, S.A. in 
New York, London, Paris, Hamburg and Ibkyo. 


Dated: May 5. 1986 Principal Paying Agent 


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Rrst, a word of reassurance. We’re not about to 
turn the typevyriter into the Eighth Mystery of the 
Computerised World. 

W M A: ' 

Instead, we offer you a 
simple promise: 
whatever sort 

need, we have it 

Whether it’s 



no more elaborate than the 

standard electronic typewriter; 
or whether you go for a complete 
word processing system. 

'fouVe still got a typewriter only now you have a 
word processor as well. 

If thate too sophisticated for now, but 
you’d still like to store 
some text or regularly 
used addresses, the 
ET 116 with a per- 
manent memory of 
around 2000 characters 
is the perfect balance 
And it, too, can link 
up to the ETV 350 screen. 

Of course, you might want 

to start with a bang and install. 

a Videc^rtypewriter 

With one of these, you lay out and correct all 
your typing on a screen before a word hits the paper 
And the more advanced model has disk drive 
(which can be expanded to twin disk) giving you 
unlimited storage. - 

AJhthese Olivetti typewriters are compatible 



• “r 

v-r : - v 

. / .-A' 

The new ET 112, for example, is a very good 
imple electronic typewriter: 

It automatically centres, underlines and type 
bold. It even remem bers the last 500 characters typed, 

making correction 



t o 

Ajvtj* ' 




‘•T 1 

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an invisible and one 
key affair: 

But if after six 
months, you find 
you need storage 
and want to dabble 
in word processing, 
simply add the 
ETV 350. This is a 
separate screen 
with a working 
memory of around 
21,000 characters, 
a floppy disk 
unit of 320,000 
characters per 
I disk and all the 
usual word pro- 
cessing functions. 

and can communicate^^wrth each other: 
the models without screens can also be connected to 
micros to act as high qualftyprinters. 

And while it sounds a bit complicated to digest 
in one lump, like this, really very simple 

The beauty is, you never have to buy anything 
more complex than you need now. And nothing you 
buy now ever becomes redundant 

YouVe heard of built-in obsolescence. Give us a 
call and hear more about obsolescence built out 

Please send me a brochure showing me how to grow my own 
^pewnter^To; Sandra Wright British Olivetti Ltd, 86-88 Upper 
Richmond Road, London SW15 2UR.Tel: 01-785 6666. tTTk 
| Name 

Fbsrtion . 


Tel no. 


Typewriter systems for unlimited companies. 



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We offer you 173 First Class business 
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Lucas Aerospace 



Deutsche Bank 







In 1985, we carried 1.175.324 pas- 
sengers between Great Britain and 
Germany. So we can certainly claim 
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In other words, we’ve given wings 
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Law Report May 21 1 986 

Court i 

a Crown officer 

Regina r Governor of 
Pentonville Prison and Anoth- 
er. Ex parte Herbage 
Before Mr Justice Hodgson 
[Judgment given May 19]' 

A court of the Queen's Bench 
Division had jurisdiction under 
Order S3, rule I0(3xl>) of the 
Rules of the Supreme Court to 
grant an interim injunction 
against an officer of the Crown. 

Mr Justice Hodgson so held, 
nevertheless .refusing., in. rhe- 
e* erase of his discretion, to 

orders did lie against officers of 
the Crown, including ministers, 
save where the Crown servant 
was merely the instrument se- 
lected by the Crown for the 
discharge of the Crown's own 

But since 1947. the courts had 1 
construed section 21(2) as 
excluding injunctive relief 
against an officer of the Crown 
even when acting under statu 
tory 'powers; Or duties specif! 
rally laid upon him.. 

grant . an interim injunction . After 1947. therefore, anyone 
against- ■■w- -Governor^ -of- -.wishing R>" pursue a' public Jaw 

Pemonville Prison and theSec- 
reiary of Slate for the Home 
Department on an application 
by Mr Alex Herbage for interim 

wishing to" pursue a' public law 
remedy against an "officer of the 
CVown when Parliament had 
Imposed a specific duty upon 
the officer, had two avenues 

-relief in judicial review proceed- open to him: he could either 
,n §5r • proceed by writ or originating 

The applicant, who was de- - 'summons under the 1947 Act, 
tamed in custody at Pentonville or he could seek a prerogative 
•Prison awaiting an extradition order from the Divisional 
warrant for his surrender to the Court. 

United States of America in 

respect of 23 charges of dis- On the construction placed by 
.honesty, sought an interim man- the courts on section 21(2) he 
datory injunction against the could only obtain declaratory 
governor and the secretary of relief under the 1947 Act. An 
. state directing that they take all interim declaration being un- 
necessary steps forthwith to available, he could obtain no 
ensure that, subiect onlv to the interim relief under the Act. 

. state directing that they take all interim declaration being un- 
necessary steps forthwith to available, he could obtain no 
ensure that, subject only to the interim relief under the Act. 

.Interim relief was not awril- 
Rides (SI 1964 No 388). the -able in Crown side proceedings 
applicant was granted the same for „ Q f mandamus 

jppporiurnt'es of assoqapon. (th ough in certiorari -or pro- 
■ jyith fellow prisoners ar /were * hibiiion proceedings a Say. 
accorded generally -.16; ^uld ^ ordered).. . 

nneonvicted prisoners. - ■ • •=" 

The applicant complained Secrion- 31 ^df the Supreme 
Thai in his seven months at "the Court Ad -1981 gave statutory 
-prison he had been kept locked " effect to ihechanges in Order S3 
in his cell for 24 hours a day in of the Rules of the Supreme 

solitary confinement;, and that 
The conditions under which he 
was detained amounted to the 
"infliction of cruel and unusual 
punishment contrary to the Bill 
of Rights 1688 and article 3 of 
the European Convention on 

: Section- ;3l r tof toe- Supreme 
Conn Ad -1981 gave statutory 
effect to ihe thanges in Order S3 
of the Rules of the Supreme 
Court reoomrnendedby the Law 
Commission Report on Rem- 
edies in Administrative Law (No 
73. Cmnd 6407). 

It provided: “(I) An applica- 

ble European Convention on 'fotuo the High Coi urtforoneor 
Human Rights, which prohib- ‘°H° w * n B ft”’? 15 °r 

in breach 

nuiumi iviciiw, wiiivu im/mu- • , . . - , . 

Hed inhuman or degrading re'lef. namdy - to ) an order of 
punishment and were in breach mandamus . prohibition or 
of the Prison Rules 1964. centoram (» a decoration or 

...... . . injunction under subsection {2Y, 

Mr Alan Newman for the _ _ shaJJ aKtde in accort j a i ce 
applicant: Mr John Laws for the ^ mles o(coun ^ a 
governor and the secretary of d ure be known as an applica- 
slaie - tion for judicial review. 

said that the affidavit evidence 

filed for the governor and the JESS 

secretary of state put in issue' un ^ er J^ 115 subsection in any 

martically 0 everything in the Wf SSS a t £S 

applican i"s affidavit evidence. *H 

Mr Laws submitted that the a ? d Hlf 

application for interim relief JlSXIf? 

failed in timme because an 
interim injundion did not lie 
against an officer of the Crown 

such as the governor and the *JV e ^juncuon to be 
secretary of slate. granted.... 

such as the governor and the IT ,J nju j"' uon lo De 
secretary of slate. granted.... 

The immunity of the Crown Subsection (2) was in all 
id its officers from injunctive material respects identical to the 

The immunity ot the Crown Subsection (2) was in all 
and its officers from injunctive material respects identical to the 
relief was to be found in section draft clause recommended by 

21 of the Crown Proceedings ibe Law Commission whose 

Act 1947. 

object plainly was to ensure that 

Prior to the 1947 Act the in judicial review proceedings 
remedy in private law matters declarations and. . injunctions 
against the Crown was by way of would only be granted itt public 
petition of right in the High law matters. It was equally dear 
Court and was confined to four that where mandanius~ lay 
situations: debt unliquidated against an officer of the Crown a: 
sums due by statute^ dam ages declaration or injunction did 
for breach of contract and also. _ ' j - 

Proceed ings__ on the Crown j nler j ra relief was induded in 

side of the. King's Bend. ft. JSStarf 

see Qrder 53,_ntieT0. On its 
^ihirinn* plain mean ‘°8 the rule made 

t h ,' b ' u °"; and njun °" available to the court the inter- 

TbecSmtfSefore had juris- 

lion B^SIwiOlC OQ me fOWH SlOC HiAti'An in i ■■■■i « n inljn-ln t 

a union to .gram an inienm 

- 5 S 6 -V?iSr£i 

boll. ^ governor and 

it has power to make in proceed- . ,.* e exerciseof toscretion. 
ings between subjects ... Pro- however, the- mtenm relief 
vided that:- (ft) where, in anv Should not be granted. • 

proceedings. against the Crown .There was no guidance as to 
any such relief is sought as toe principles to be applied m 
might in proceedings between considering the grant of interim, 
subjects be granted by way of ralief a Bj“ nst officers of the 
injunction or specific perfbr- Crow 1 - The_ principles govern- 
mance. the court shall not grant ln B interim injunctions in civil 
an injunction or make an order pnx^edings were 001 P*rdcu- 
for specific performance, but J^ P v" 
may in lieu thereof make an Clearly the apparent strengths 
order declaratory of the rights of amJ wraknttres of the opposing 
the parties . . . 03565 would be considered and, 

“(2) The court shall not in any 85 at present advised, there 
civil proceedings grant any seemed to be formidable ob- 
' injunction or make any order sjades m the applicant's way on 
against an officer of the Crown if the substantive application for 
the effect of granting the ipjunc- judicial review 
.. tion or making. the order would H also seemed clear that it 

be to give any relief against the would only - tie in very excep- 
Crawn which could not have uonal circumstances that the 
been obtained in proceedings court would rant interim man- 
againsi the Crown." datory relief in respect "of the 

Section 38 . provided that administrative functions of offik 
“civil proceedings" did not ccrs of the Crown. There wdidd 
include, proceedings on the have to be great urwncy to 
Crown side of the King's Bench prevent the danger o? serious 

Division. injury or damage occurring 

It followed that section 21(1) The interim relief sought 
and. contrary to Mr Laws' related only to the lack of 
submission, the proviso to sub- association. His Lordship was 
section (1). did not apply to unable to see how it would be a 
Crown-side proceedings. There proper exercise of discretion to 
was no need to repeat the word grant that relief. The application 
“civil" when referring to therefore failed. 

“proceedings" in the proviso. Solicitors: Shone & Barker, 

“proceedings" in the proviso. Solicitors: Shone & Barker, 
- Of course, the prerogative Treasury Solicitor. 

Tachograph test 

Gaunt v Nelson and Another but contained no special fea- 
The burden of establishing tunes .were- not emitted to dis- 
'that a goods - vehicle was ex- -miss informations o'lr -a 
cm pied by regulation 4 of the submission of no case to answer 
Community Road Transport as- they had not considered 
Rules (Exemptions) Regulations whether the vehicles were 
(SI 1978 No 1138) from the specialized fora particular pur= 
requirement under Council pose by reference to their design 
Regulation (EEC) No 1463/70" or adaptation, 
to fit and use a tachograph The Queen's Bench Di-. 
rested on the defendants who visional Court (Lord Justice 
. had to prove on the balance of Watkins and Mr Justice Mann) 
-probabilities thai the vehicle so held on May 13 when 
was a specialized vehicle used allowing tire prosecutor's appeal 
for the purpose of door-to-door against the dismissal by the 
seJlin B' .. North Shields Justices of two 

Accordingly, justices who had informations preferred against 
found that conventional two- the defendants allegin 

were used for delivery of coal Regulations. 

Drug offence sentences 

Regina v Gilmore 
The time had come when 
dearly it was necessary to move 
up. the level . of sentencing for 
senous drug offences. The Dum- 
ber of such, offences was on toe 
jnercase. and had been on toe' 
increase since sentencing guide- 
lines were given in R r Aramah 
« 1983V 76 Cc App R.190). 

. Mr Justice Drake, sitting with 
Lord Justice Lawton and Mr 
Justice Hirst, so stated on May 
20 when toe Court of Appeal 
'dismissed tbe appeal of An- 

thony Gilmore against a total 
sentence oF seven years' 
imprison mem imposed on him 
■ on August 9. 1985 in Southwark 
Crown -Court silting (Judge 
Brian Gibbons. QC-and'a jury^ 
on his conviction of possessing 
cannabis resin with, iniem in 

HIS LORDSHIP said that a 
very large quantity of drugs was 
involved, and considering toe 
wets of this case on their menis 
the sentence was entirely jus- 


BuSvNew PetroTma (UK) Limited is a highly successful 
n-« ' ^bsidiary of otto Europe’s largw- oil 
Department companies. We have recently estatifished a 
new Legal Department at our modem Head t 
in Epsom Town Centre. 

requires two able and efficient Secretaries to 
our small team cope with ihe ever increasing 

Tito more senior of ihe two vacancies require 

someone with a thorouj* knowledge of the 

position and we are looking for people with at 
least 18 months' experience ((deafly in a legal 
environment) to support their RSA 2 typing and. 
preferably, auc£o typing. 

Both vacancies offer excellent salaries together 
with interesting ®id varied work in a stimulating 
environment. Benefits include asubsitflsed staff 
restaurant, active social club, and superb offices 
with afl the advantages of town centre location. 
Please write with fen career details to date aid 
quoting Ref. No. PS/86/40, to: 

Chrsline Hail, Personnel Department, 

Petnofina (UK) Limited, Petroflna House, 

1 Ashley Avenue, Epsom, Surrey KT18 SAD 




Kensington c£LG)500 

L’Oreal is an international leader in the haircare and 
beauty markets, with an unrivalled portfolio of successful 
products such as Dultia Vitality, Ambre Solaire, Elnett, 
Recital and the now legendary FreeStyle mousse. 

The General Manager of our Salon Division now 
requires a well -organised, enthusiastic person capable of 
assuminga variety ofinteresting P. A. duties as well as 
providing first class secretarial supporT "" 

BSingual in French, and preferabty .with French . : 

shorthand, the ideal candidate will be aged 24 plus with at 
leasts yeazs- secretarial experience. The ability lo cope 
with a fausy; workload underpressure will be essentiaL 
This is a senior position within a progressive 
organisation offering excellent career development 
opportunities. Benefits include subsidised restaurant. 

5 weeks' hofiday, generous product discounts and stylish 
offices in Kensington Church Street 

Please write with fuB details to Brenda Morgan, 
Personnel Manager: at L'Or€al, 30 Kensington Church 
Street, London W8 4HA. TeL- 01-937 5454. 




Iberia is Spains national airiine^and theJhirdJargestjn-Europe^ 
Our key West End office is responsible for management marketing, 
sales and administration in the important UK and Ireland markets. 

We now seek a senior secretary "to "work as part of the 
marketing team. This key post involves dealing with public relations, 
advertising and promotion, and liaison with other companies, 
agencies, official organisations and suppliers. 

The successful candidate wilt have proven secretarial and 
administrative experience, and the ability to use initiative Bi-lingual 
Spanish/Eriglish capability essential, experience of wordprocessing 
an advantage 

Salary £10.227 pa, with free ticket allowance and generous 
privilege travel arrangements. Excellent pension scheme 

If you think you can match up to a very busy and demanding 
job, write with full CV t©: The Personnel Manager UK and 
Ireland, Iberia Airlines. of Spain, S : : 

Venture House, 29 Glasshouse MB' ;!v 

Street, London WIR 5RG. apsjnesofsrw j 

[ ( J ! J J I ; 

' Thereisno better way of finding a permanent job 
than by trying it first as a temporary 

0ir®cperKnce has beenMyou can achievea higher 

satary-and save on intervieswingt^Tie whilst earhmg money 
if you want to earn a salary of between £12,000 and 
£17,000, have sound SH/WP experience, and are available 
for work immediateht telephone Victoria Martin today - 


Ol * 4300601 

Secretary To Joint 
Deputy Group Managing 
Directors v 

C £10,500 + Bonus 

Central London 

An excellent opportunity now exists to join the Burton Group on a top flight secre- 
tarial position at the heart of its operations. 

In your mid 20$ - early 30s you will already have secretarial and aduwibtrative 
experience at a Senior Managemevri/Dmactor level, but are keen to move in to a fresh 
challenge where your organisation skills, in terms of co-ordinating meetings* events and 
business trips will be highly utilised. Excellent all-round secretarial skills are, of course, 
essential, as 'retheaWBty to Raise and communicate at all levels, ideally you'll be living in 
Central London as you will need a flexible approach to working hours. Your remunera- 
tion will be a salary c £10,500, an annual bonus scheme opportunity, 25% discount in 
our shops and other important benefits. 

It's a lewarding and varied posttfon in one of the most dynamic and profitable 
companies in the field. If you we interested please write with fuS details, including 
current satary. to Kim Jones, Personnel Officer, Group Personnel, 11-13 Market Place, 
Londbn. WI. : : . 


cprp PTfl RV 


. c£9,000 pa + benefits 

urgendyrequbedbythe Managing: . 

Ktectorof Bell a Howeffs Visual ' s ' " " 

Commurticatkins Division Europe, based at 
ourVtemblcy Head Office. 

first-class shorthand speeds and 
secretarial skills are vrtat together with 
some word pnocessing/VDU experience. 
Theabffitytowork under considerable 

pressure whilst retaining a sense of 
humour Is essential! * 

In retumyou can expect a saiarytrf 
E9JOQO pa and a range oftergecompany 
benefits, including pension schemeand 
Qfie assurance. 

If this sounds Ilkeyoa then please write 
with full CV-tn: 

Jennifer A.Gxttng& 
Human HestoffcesMS 
Beti & Howefl Limited. 
Al perron House. 

in Executive Recruitment 

(Full and Part-Time) 

b, Sears and Assodatescootimiesto Enthnsiaitijc, niidKgent and well 
enjoy acc el erated gmwth and increased organised, you have accurate audio skills, 
Jevds. .Ais_a. result, we have .. idaaDy gaizredan airlEMword processor 
recently doubled our office space by Vfeare.comntittad to dev^opmo our staff 
gp v mg to at tr ac tive p re mis es T in ~ to toe^fnH and you will be given every 
Kmg siway ^ S earch a nd selection opportunity to jxogzess. The package is 
reguttroamta^ gnn^ i i ^ are tmaertaten both competitive' and ocnmnBhenafgB and 

^ incJndes Hoaas, bee lunches, BDPA txnrer 
memoer or a small e x tr emel y active uzut and foot weeks’ holiday 
providing administrative and secretarial 

support to highly successful and busy ia c omple te confidence, please write 
consuttants - with cv to Helena Watson of Cripps, 

Tour contribution wifi be highly Sears & Associates Limited, Personnel 
significant to the overall performance Management Consultants; International 
of the consultants and to the ultimate. Buildings, 71 Kingsway London WC2B 
success of the projects. Ton will have 6ST- Telephone 01-404 SJOL Early zephes 
varied contact with clients, candidates wiD be appreciated as we hope to hold the 
and toe media and will enjoy a fast pace first stage erf the selection process on 
and a wide scope of activity - Friday 30th May 1866. 


I FB0 “ SSfflSS&m 


ofWP flri rl would ttitfl 1 

i cross train omo 








£ 10 / 100 + - PA 

Our diem - a well esubtished property company 
- are opening another branch. Exciting opportu- 
nity for hwh calibre PA to head up new offices, 
acting as lynch pin, 


. ^.t iher right image - are you atfcrac- 

3ied & keen to get tills show on ihe 

" ■£ ryping. 



c. £7,900 

Yotrae TH.'ncc.'TWM- 
v«s’ wdaMf MarMtnv 
and -Sales crowd. OH In- 
volved with team 
Presentations and. cum*. 
Career prospects. 



-"P« p 



I Mil 

I w y u i k 


« A 53 ^ 


. ’ • 

! * 1 1 : 

n'i‘N ]!i 
'- ' . . \ 







YOUR COURSE! to £10,000 

kay ’ wiBl #» abfflty to deal 
TseS Si® PA ^ you must be 

" WWSKR "" Part ' 


Vourchanenge w«j be to arrange a Senior 

5®^™ an0j skiUs - 
®? ndaf(Ss are demanded with 
shorthand, audio and WP to the tora 


PACKAGE! to £9,0001 

This Merchant Bank has several vacancies *• 

SXL a &*J?r a class shorthand secre- 
tary. Full training on an AES WP is avafebte. I 

assisterv». eat ^*"9 

IF YOU PASS GO to £9,000 

§?"• JW- I s invo *ved working within the 
Property Division of an international company, 
pie MD will expect some WP experience - 
humour will also be important 


High calibre Temp assignments too. either 
snort or long term to suit your needs. the 
highest rates in Town for skilled Secretarial & 
WP professional! 

Full details from : 

19/23 Oxford street, W1 Teh 01-437 9030 
131/133 Cannon Street, EC4 Teh 01-626 8315 1 



A Ml illlcfcd in mfotmatkn 
udnnlQKfi Us rtvdubkxury 
oppfcations and ibc new areas 
of boanes h tea opened up. 

samd jwj wpx*} scad is 
rba larpc ntamaiKnal pio- 
femonal firm. 

The bead uf ic. ustootopcal 
cow ahia g noil need*, 
leaa iia l 0 od organintional 
guppon jfl BCMIC 

With 5 junior Kcretary 10 help 
you, jm wfl ccKvdnau Ms 
team of coowhaa*, act n a 
c cai c of gnrroy. and stake 
hue than a pnfestanfd 
opeatioB rose Hte dodtwort. 
The s u ec a s M ondifatc wBt 
be aged 25-35. with ridk of 
100/60 and preferably an 
hh— w wdroiegy 

h a rigooe d. 


Mac H riin 

& Associates Lid. 
Recruitmeiw Coosnllaws 
130 ftepem Street Loathe W1 






Reqund lor busy AM letting 
department Experience m 
property is usetul but not es- 
sential- The successful 
eppbeant «Mi probady be 
betmeen 25 & 3S. a car 
driver with knemtodga ol the 
Chelsea area. Please apply 

M H Thomas. 

Mahal 01-351 3131 


Get your career off to a Hying start 
with this expanding PR Consultancy. 
Working as a member of a young, 
friendly team, you will learn about PR 
as you consolidate your skills and gain 
all-round experience There are good 

city city sivs * 

promotion prospects if you are bright 
and enthusiastic with a desire to 
progress. Skills of 80/45 required - the 
company will train you on 
the Wang word " 

processor. onaaeirs 

v ■ • • • HNC 55 C : 


c.£l 4,000 

The dynamic, young Chairman of a highly successful, rapidly 
expanding trading company in SW1 needs an equally ambitions, 
entrepreneurial Personal Assistant. On his behalf you will deal with 
clients in person and on the telephone, run a hectic work schedule 
and organise selected groups of leading figures from industry, 
commerce and Government to travel overseas on company visits. 
Commitment and a cool head essential, as are education at least to 
‘A’ level, skills of 100/60, driving licence and good presentation. 
Age 23-30. Please ring 434 4512. 

Crone Corkill 


Recruitment consultants 

Forthcoming office openings in 


Generate a need for seven experienced CONSULTANTS to join four already 
chosen. Together with a starting salary of £10,000 we offer a rather 
delicious incentive scheme and the opportunity to share in the excitement 
and comradeship of a small company which is going places. 

We also seek two experienced TEMPS CONSULTANTS with the talent and 
courage to start from scratch again in Central London. You'll both start with 
£13,000 minimum guarantee to relieve the pain. 

Please write to me in total confidence: 

Laurence Rosen 
Chief Executive 
Office Angels Limited 
C/o 67 Long Acre 
London WC2E 9JG 


ft P£PSGNNEl # 


^ Their Offices ’Hop' withal 
success as does their 
ffi? impressive c ten 6sL Vow 
y'- new skills, emtusasni and ^ 
&. sense of siyte wil fit in well -■ 
£ with tie dynamism at yourij 
company and their industry. § 
£§ Your languages would be an 
$ asser. £ 

^With sec skills and*. 
& confidence call MONIKAS 
i«r WUESCHHER oa 831-W66.& 

k £ 

^ j| 


PA TO MD. UP TO 212k 

Founder at small, very successful 
svsems nmafc woriinq wtti air- 
line and computer compares m 
14 coumnes needs a personal 
asseiam a sap. 

Though formally ms Pi. and cet- 
tarty need ms PA suits, you wA 
also nave to tendis matters tna 
Mhid oe me concern of Mai*et- 
mc. Psisonnei lmoort'E>wrf. 
Accounts RecavaWe and oQwi 
departnRres m a larger company 
- and oe flofte anougn to great 
our numerous overseas vono/s 
and nnke mar cotiae. You need 
lo be an experienced PC user. 

Apmy Mrih CV TO fOck Lanyon. 
Lanyim Trarepon Systems. 
Qantas House. 403 Kmg Street 
Hammersmith. London W6 9PJ. 




Advertising. Fashion. Travel, 
Publishing, Media, Beauty, 

Top Jobs. Top Salaries. 

Call us at your nearest branch - 
with your new Secretarial Skills: 

Victoria 01-834 0388 
Holbom 01-031 0666 
City 01-623 1226 




General Manager 

Independent Television News seeks a 
capable and experienced Secretary to 
provide support to the Company’s 
General Manager. Good secretarial and 
administrative skills are essential as is 
the ability to work on own initiative under 
pressure. Previous experience in the 
broadcasting environment would be an 

Based at UN’s West End offices the 
post carries excellent staff benefits 
including season ticket loan, pension 
scheme and subsidised restaurant 

Please apply in writing, enclosing full 
C.V. and daytime telephone number, to> 

Personnel Manager 

Independent Television News Limited 

48 Wells Street 


W1P 40E 

Closing Date: 27th May 1986 


Top P A/Sec 
£12,000-£1 5,000 

The Group Managing Director of 
this major British company re- 
quires a suberWy efficient and 
proficient P A/Sec. You must have 
110/60/WP and at least 2-3 years' 
cfirector level experience gamed in 
a commerical environment Pre- 
ferred age: 27-40. The salary 
available reflects the cafibre of 
c a ndi da te our cflent is seeking. 


Sec/PR Assistant 
to £11,500 

UJS. company with offices in W. 
London needs a Secretary / As- 
sistant for the new PB Manager. 
Good secretarial skiUs Including 
Wang WP and experience in PH 
are essential. Every opportunity to 
become thoroughly involved in the 
woTfc of the department Age: 25- 


mm ■ ■ fl I R 

Uro iSn’g. 




£ 10 , 000 + 

A City based international bank wishes to recruit a 
secretary for one of its senior executives. Excellent 
secretarial skills are imperative, as well as enthusiasm 
and flexibility. German shorthand and a banking back- 
ground would be an advantage. 


A major international bank is seeking a secretary, aged 
25-35. with fluent French. Fast, accurate typing is 
essential as well as shorthand or audio skills and a 
hanking background. Candidates should be well 
presented and be aUe to cope with this very de m a n di n g 
and involved position. 


A secretary, aged 20-25, is sought by a major Italian 
hank in the city. Candidates should have about 2 years’ 
experience and good secretarial skills as well as 
excellent spoken and written Italian. 


We would be interested to bear from candidates in their 
early twenties, interested in this position with a French 
bank. Candidates should have good secretarial skills and 
be able to provide secretarial and administrative sup- 
port to two executives. 

Please contnct- 

Alison McGuigan, Jonathon Wren 
International (Bilingual Secretarial 
Division), 170 Biahopsgate. 
LONDON EC2M 4 LX. Tel: (01) 623 1266. 

^7 Jonathan Wren : 

. International Ltd 

f -. ■ .' .Banking Coniultjkn!*^ 

CRROunE itino 

• COSMETICS £9,500 * 

This Wi based international 
needs an elegant PA to join dwirlleg^ 

You wiO assess pnoriws m the ateerioB. h- 

aise with subsidiaries and lawyers 
have! arrangements and maintain office ayCTBtns. 
Timing 65 wpm. audio and WP experience needed. 

* TV £7,000 - £10,000 AAE * 

Some cl rtw top American TV C>m m 

bv this successful W1 company. ^As PAtotter Ad- 

mmistration Director you Wtff j» SSSST SL 
keeping the ofhoe snip shawi- OTittcongme 

US/Europe by tetex, using the 

ments etc. Excefent speeds 110/5S. Age 19+. 

ptetsetoitjtfxwfu 01-499 8070 J 

46 Old Bnui Street L«BfanW.i. 


Jody Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London, W1Y 9HA. 



C. £12,000 

PA to assist Senior Director of prestigious group ojR 
I companies. This is the right job for a sdf-motivatea" 
hard worker who is weu educated, immaculaiely 
presented, has a sense of humour and flexible ap- 
proach. A good all-round administrator with fast 
SH/iyping skills. Lovely offices in W.l. Age 25-32. 


£ 11 , 000 + 

A first-class administrator with secretarial skills 

ground »• — — -— . — „ 

subscriptions, fund-raising, marketing, nmctiom 
plus PA to the Chief Executive. Smart, presentable 
and well-spoken. Age 27-35. 

FILMS - £9,000 

Bright, lively “Jill of All Trades" needed for 2 busy 

top Directors. Personality is all-important for this 
small, friendly Wist End team. Must have some 
previous work experience and excelle nt SH /typing 

and WP skills. Total involvement and variety. Age 


We are always keen to interview ca n did a te s with 
excellenl sanfoarial skills for varied temporary as- 
signments in the West End. 


EXECUTIVE £11-£1 2,000 

You are a true executive secretary with the 
presentation, initiative and education expected 
by the MD of a young, friendly underwriters. 
You are 23-40, with shorthand, typing, audio 
and WP skills. Free Lunch, bonus etc, 

PRODUCTION £7-£8,000 

You have 1-2 years working experience, rusty 
shorthand, a bright hard working personality 
and the ambition to take over from your boss, 
assistant to the production head of a film 
distributors. Telexes, relief reception, making 
tea etc. Age early - mid 20's. 

BANKING £10,000 

You are mid 20's-!- with SH/Typing skills and 
interested in a non pressurised job as secretary 
to the Operations Manager of an International 
City bank. Mortgage subsidy, cheap loans etc. 

ALLO, ALLO! £10,000 

French and/or Flemish speaking secretary with 
either shorthand or audio + word processing 
drills for busyjob involving diem contact This 
City bank offers subsidised mortgage etc. 

City 377 8600 West End 4397001 




Must be enthusiastic, 
organised. fuH ol ini- 
tiative and able to 
work alone. 

Typing essential WP 
and bookkeepmg ex- 
perience an 




01-388 3111 



Secretaries Plus 

B TheSecretarialConsultants 

ol' m* P reai f^^^ K r 

low i and confidential ^ 

secretarial extsa to scn«e hfc admin needs 
***«>* and oord-naicn are 

skills (100/60) and senior lerel ““ ra ^ ueaKL 
Age 25+ Please letephcne 57S '- 

Gordon Yates Ltd. . 

35 OW Bond Street, London wi 

fSecrunment Conscitarp) 


We need you. 
You need us! 

WB DONT offer hoBday pay (with strings 

We DO offer 

dr Top rates to ma tc h your skKs 
* Regular assignments 
☆ Professional advice and support 
■fr Understanding 

Coma and make friends. CaB us. TeB us 
about you and your needs. We win tell you 
about us and how we cat do each other a 
power of good! 

West End 
01-409 0062 


01-606 1611 





WeR mtattshed City RecniMnem . 
to Finance tfgsflfy require a junior 
to assist a sma*. hactie taatn 

, Specialising 

CHXfldatas must possess accurate typing 4 wifl idaafly fere 
soma experience ot wend pracassing ^though wa we 
provide t rain ing If necessary. A good telephone manner e 
essential as mere <41 be a high level of client contact 
Minimum of 5 CMLavats Indudku maths $ English. A- Levtfs 

are preferable. An exceptions college leaver watt) be 
conskfeted age 17+ . 

For further delate ptease ring 

Portnaa Recrsftneat 

01-236 1113 |24 Honrs) 





iDo you vantto steo mfl of a 

theawy seeretanal rote? Be 
■ owne fu% involved as a top 
C Personal Assfitant tor two 
Svsry busy Biredore. Ttes po- 
l sihan wifl enatrie you to base 
?*«t» ctems and protesstoal 
c people, compfe your own 
jconespondence. or^iBsa the ; 
^office and use ait mat won- 
tdertiJ initiative you have! : 
f Luxurious offices, prospects, ■ 

j bonuses and a most exotng 
team awaits you. Shorthand j 
i slate essential 


Reourtment Consuttarts 



To Fanner in young and 
lively firm of Sunwvon and 
Eitate Apenu in SWI. Would 
al» be responsible for Flat 
Renuh and must be capable 
of tuxling oo own initiative. 
Salary f. X9.0«L 

nuntoBi 01-834 8800. 


(No Agrone) 

**** , iHMnir ****-i - vr i 
* ; 













required by busy 
Cbdsea Estate 
Agems. Salary by 
Geo Joslin 
01-352 2000 




_ it 





Bright were la ry required 
for small friendly head 
office of PLC based in 
Holbom. Good short- 
hand and typing skills 
essential as well as good 
telephone manner and 
initiative to tackle all of- 
fice routines. Write with 
CV to: J R Trover hick. 3 
John Street. London 


CITY £10,000 AGE: 25+ 

We are a national firm of Chartered Accountants looking for a well- 
spoken and well-presented Secretary to provide secretarial and 
administrative support to a team of Senior Managers in our busy Audit 
Department. You will have had experience working at senior level, with a 
good academic background and fast and accurate audio typing. You will 
have proven organisational skills and be able to communicate with people 
at all levels. Word processing training will be given. Non-smoker 

w e offer attractive working conditions in modern offices. 2 minutes from 
Liverpool Street station. Hours 9.15-5.15. Benefits include 21 days' holi- 
day, 30p LVs per day. pension scheme and STL 

Applications, with full c.v. to Kim West. 246 Bishopsgate, London EC2M 
4PB or telephone 01-377 1000 for further details. 

(No Agencies) 


Human Resources Department 

Cargill, one of the world's large?) commodity trading and 
processing companies is seeking an intelligent and capable 
secretary to work within the bust Personnel Department 
at their Li K. headquarters in IV*. 

The successful candidate will be aged 22+ with a good 
standard ot education and will beconndent in dealing with 
people a tall levels. 

A mature and calm disposition is important in dealing 
with a heaw workload and in maintaining the strictest "lei el 
of confidentiality at all limes. Excellent typing skills and a 
knowledge ol word processing are esseniial . 

The personnel system is computerised so that experience 
ol. or an interest in computers would be a distinct 

We are ottering a salary of drea £9.000 per annum, plus 
private medical insurance, pension scheme. -1 wee) s 
holiday per year and membership ot I he sports and leisure 
efub which is within our luxurious office complex. 
Applicant'- <lnmld xuJ (nil CVin coulidcncc hv 
Deborah Lawrence 
Human Resources Department 
Cargill UK Ltd 

3 Shortlands, London Wf* SRT 

French Speaking 

Elf UK in Knightsbridge has a vacancy for a secretary in the 
Management Services Department 

Reporting to the Office Services Controller this key secretarial 
position also involves back-up on Residential Property admini- 

The ideal candidate will be24 plus, educated to A-level standard, 
with skills of 100/60 and 2-3 years experience at senior level 
Good French is essential and a knowledge 
of word processors a distinct advantage. 

tf you match these specifications, please 
write with full c.v and day-time telephone 
number to: 

Mrs. Tessa Blore, 

Elf UK Pic, 

197 Knightsbridge. 

London SW7 1RZ 

inct advantage. 

cifi cations, ptease 

■time telephone .. 

elf # 


Win over £13,000p.a. 

We are searching to find the six most persuasive people in 
London. Applications are restricted to people who are aged 
between 1 8 and 30, who can throw themselves into an 
interesting job for a few years, who like to work hard and 
play hard (long holidays), who can type a little and who are 
good at talking to people. Entrants should ring in and put 
their case on 588 3535 or leave a message on 434 451 2 
before 5pm on Friday 23rd May. 

Crone Corkill 



Top Jobs £or Top People 

£15,000 Stockbroking 

A leading Internationa] Stockbroker needs a professional Secretary /PA. 
This is a demanding role - full of variety - requiring someone totally 
versatile who is an excellent communicator. 

£ 12,000 

An Investment Banker workir 
a Private Secretary to run his 
in the U.K. 

Home Secretary 

1 in London and the United States needs 
elgravia home and monitor his interests 

Ring Stella Boyd-Carpenter on 




EARNING £11,000 pa? 

An experienced secretary wrtti WP stdfts within the 
Carofine King temporary team can expect to earn in 
excess ot the above white enjoying a variety ol as- 
signments m aB areas ot London. We also have a 
great demand for shorthand, audio and copy skiUs. 
aase telephone Brenda Stewart on. 





A wen known firm of 
soficitors in the West End 
needs a German speak- 
ing secretary to work tv 

an Australian soHdtor in 
the liquidation dope You 
wffl use your German e 
•ot good typing is 
needed, shorthand not 
necessary. Age around 
25. Bonus and other 
benefits makes this an 
attractive package. 

174 item Bond SL W 1 


a secretary: 


Hyaxnpo 6 n*ltar,i •'rrjrtMinf’tpfl. 

Wp-oPStawirpP* HfBBCBIUBira 

IfftHD d etMOiPV WeobbCoo**t 
SKiSw * W«c* tasnt fcgw Sms 
a m ut us 21. i per rw, rnttnu. 

mu pod Hwrtrti tew i 


it tens WHO. (fci* wte cmw ** 

ACENCr > OM396fli 

. •'rr ?clv iiK.ii ■■ 



in you are iootang tor a 
I chance to become more than 
a Secretary, read on. 
in ttes small but exntmg 
and successM company ts 
the opportwMy to tMoom? 
tufty mvohraJ in all the hectic 
day to day tiusiness. The IX 
reaws md tequently and 
i will deeded upon to run 

office m the? absence 

i nflow all the aSnmistra- 
ticn. slow but accurate 
shorthand and typing wdl as 
iaa you m your dw. 




well-educated and ex- 
perienced senior 

secretary required to 
organise and ran the of- 
fices of a successful 
Advertising business. 
Good tun and hard work. 
Salary negotiable. Write 
with CV to:- The Manag- 
ing Director. Tony Rowse 
Media Ltd. 8-1 D Denman 
Street. London WiV 7RF. 

Cootraned on next page 



: of 

, lid fc 


; feV 



1 PT- 
i *d 


i (so; 

- o£ 
T in-^ 


I ftp-i 


i edfc 


r oC 
i to-: 

t :i: 


* he: 
I Us 

: ^ 

! tor 
< Sfr 
1 Jit 

- Sr 

t fie 












: und 

(Ore - 1 

_ , r- r \y ~ ■- .7 ^ ’ 




S enior Secretaries* one-day courses on 
'Management Thinking for Secretaries' are 
designed to make secretaries more aware of 
die management function and their own role 
within it 

Some typical comments by PAs and secre- 
taries who attended; ‘A very professional and 
worthwhile day'. The course confirmed I was 
thinking along the right lines'. ') became much 

more aware of time management and the art of 

It was a real eye opener*. 

The course will be repeated on June 10 and 
July 19. The fee of£l7S + Q&.2S VAT indudes 
morning coffee, hmch and afternoon tea. 

To make sure of a place on either of these 
dates ring Elizabeth Moon today 
on 01-499 0092. 

from the moment I was 

6 My luck changed, Fiona t from xne - 

introduced to Senior Secretaries^ 

f ^®v Secretaries 






£13,000 Nog. 

The dfnaric head oi to tejomKw ai 

Dmm d * I— d* TO 

Hwang PA to Bln on uw dM n n ae fl 

Y0a mi to tofaag w9i Sew 
mmaeoNH worn «tt as ms as 
landtag a busy drey and teemdianl 


Ejtprenca in an bi na i umj l 
antmnvA. good wtewsmoat 
sub. nccflcst EngW* nod WJ> an 
oscanM. No snontetd or A«Sa 60 

Ago 26-40. FMUe to mtk long 

West End Office 
. 0*499 0092 ... 

SeniorW 1 




fin I nte rnatio nal entopennur rands someone specai tor a double acL Worfc- 
ng in tandem wtth the existing Sodai PA, tins high flying tmsksess tycoon 
needs an retaliate. men presented mT-wri educated young secretary wttb 
excellent shorthand and typing to deal exctatofy with bis noHsmmercial 
uw i Hi ii m iient B . Oig a ri sa tei nd abates am paramount . . 

as is Ore oner® and aMy to daal at every level from ^ - . ■- 

cooks to Kings. Age «r(y 20’s. location West « f? 

omc ~ -Senior tl 



We require an gpeaenocd shorthand/audio 
secretary for aneof our senior partners. EaceUem 

poise will be required toenableyou to deal with 
die wide variety of duties involved frirfnriing 
Haling nnrh Hi^nrs a p fi providing ad minist rative 
support for the partner in his role as a private 


Salary dependent on age and experience. 

Rfnff ip: mrimif a friendly work in g 
environment, four weeks’ holiday, LVs, S.T. 
Loan scheme ami a Christmas bonus. 

For an application fens contact Jackie 
Hammond, Personnel Manager, on 01-242 2022 
or wme to her with full personal and career 

STOP PRESS: We may also need an 
experienced audio secretary for one of our 
associate partners (probate). 



Office Employees 

Customer Service 

Krtrv girt, a irawr m n» umoorarv Mp nmustrv has an 
ewvimu (uli too* apaartunnv tar a w« nwtnpuo temp 
controller tor our Victoria Branch. 

Prtortma to the branch muiaarr vour l«ae#ratiiD mxIiIm 
ai*fl iiHenw^onai hmu» win endOi*- hv iu rare ana mwoh 
leratwrary emjwoeev ana penantt customer service 

Your teckprouM mould tocmae pmuia nrmo controller 
ana ot offw aomaiMnoan exocrmne? ntotmi cnnwnu 
mcuoon auus pmnw wm h-um or narnmer canton 
-experience, college or eauivowm. hi mgxmencf. eroni wyrafth oaietHwi ana nondvop nMpnn 
hMB& in an exciting rja-wer -n»in-imeni vou n rvecrue 
(rstfUng m all asoecw 0» the mnonrorv nmp ousuws To 
find om more caul PuiiiMai heuyCkn onoi 6JOaii3 or 

send your C-V. ta“ 

. . 124 vicuna Street 

• .• Loudon SWt 6tA .. . 



As one of our young enthusiastic temps, you wdi 
be greatly appreciated by our interesting and 
varied chants an over London. Using your initia- 
tive and skifls of 80/100 sti or aucho. 60+ typ and 
good W.P. you wifi be paid excellent rates and 
nave action-packed days. Age 19-25 Please 

437 6032 



Get on the right track and be first across the 
line to hear aH about our exerting opportunities 
in Exhibitions, Design, Wine, Oil, Property and 
PR. Your boundless energy, 60shd/60typ and 
some sec exp wtfl make you a winner In any of 
these fields. So don't get left at tne starting 
block, leap to the phone and we will help you 
over the first hurdle. 

437 6032 


m A-4uJ>u'rat«<LX»au.uini!lhJF 



mMimmuimHimumiiu TO 7PM 

Do you find it difficult to get out of the office lor 
interviews? If so please come along to out late eve- 
ning. In addition to the jobs advertised today, we have 
many other career openings you may like to hear 
about Just pop in or ring us for an appointment. 




Top Bn Advertising Ageory seeks versatile, dvnaimr PA 
( 1 00/60) for newto appointed timrnxuonal Director. L 1 0.000 - 


Anodne Parmer of prestigrims Mayfeir Co. is offering total 
involvement to PA with amwyWP ikjlH. £9.500+- 

302/308 Recant Street, London W1R SAL 

01-631 4978 


LaactnQ marks! maarcft comawy bawd to Coustt Gardon, 
raquna nacraory to worti for 2 tomato Raaauai ExaoutNaa. 
Fa« occurato typng essential. togethar m«i tno atMWy to 
organise travel. dnrws sib. Word pnxsasinn np yann pro- 
mbOjmII enjes-mn. Salary cX&SOO + profit anara ano omer 

£toaaa write anefoalng faB CV to ton Cantona Sttnar. Ita 
Owwpwar QaanocMnn Lbl IB Homatta Saw*. London. 
WC2E 80K Tatopno w a 01486 0983. 


£9,000-£10,000pa PRO RATA 

Up to two weeks holiday commitment 
honoured. A possibility of a permanent job if 
required. We need you to support and organise 
a small professional town planning consultancy 
team within a young and rapidly expanding firm, 
of Chartered Surveyors. We deal with pro- 
posed developments by major retailers: fend 
owners, and house builders and you need to 
get involved in our work for them.- Good secre- 
tarial skids required: shorthand isdesitabte. We 
wifi arrange training on our W P. Phone Martin 
Robeson at home after 7.00pm on 01-630 

£8300 to £11300 neg 

PA/ PERSONNEL - small freiodly, rapidly ex- 
panding West End solicitors require legal audio 
secretary wuh flair for administration and per- 
sonnel u> assist Parmer whose work is varied 
with bias towards commercial litigation. 

LEGAL AUDIO SECRETARY - applicant must 
have mixed legal experience. 

Bnwi u uw n m »» anund -a wrtwl inrl w P mp 3 mou- 
lts if ouPwia numnul -nHv Mmm umh grfaura. 

C«ww grwnu. Praagwu au uomumim MKnrioo mod- 
ern MMimn 

Please reply with CV to ref ‘MS’. Sookias & 
Sootuas. 1st Floor, Hennena House, 9 Henrietta 
Place. London W l M IaG (Private & confiden- 


Experienced Accounts typist required for a 
young friendly firm of Chartered Accoun- 
tants in the City. Word processing 
experience essential, will cross train if nec- 
essary We are looking for an attractive 
cheerful person used to dealing with peo- 
ple. Salary based on experience. Please 
apply ‘m writing to: • ... .. . = =. ..■ 

• ■ • Morgan Brown & Haynes 
89 Reef Street • 

London EC4Y 1EB 


Lonoon om>4 American vm+q q n wi im company to ex 
numinq *»«0 no* wem enmioiomr Smwarv PA (o 
AbtH Luruomn SiM» MdiVM*e Cowl MwjrtNin «n«n 
3WWVCT -t no ronhoem inrtMnf mawvi enmrM inr 
OHS bow office a>MH»a wim nwinv mienunonai aienn 
Cenenti eorro^wHiawce. woniMna audio, wp iwm 
own a iWewo i ana vanca auw» maunno travel ar 
ranomnenB. ooon keeping and general' omce 
aaimiusDwon. •' 

Good Drowns tor ngfir applicant Saury commensurate 
wim experience. 

r* W(F C.K md atBrng m Ury katorf toi 

S. Ratner, Cbyroo IT£ Ltd, 

25 Casdereagh StreeL London WlH SV R. 



* Unique job for exceptional person. Chalk ng- * 

* ing post for a secretary who is interested in * 

* progressing beyond straight secretarial role. £ 

* Enthusiasm, high standards and com mi nmeni * 

* are all essential qualities in this demanding I 
a position. You must be very well presented, * 

* wdi spoken and son ally confident. Good ryp- * 

* ing required. £8-10,000 negoubk. * 

* Please apply in wnung enclosing CV to; * 

* Jo Hansford, * 

* 42-44 George Street, London WlH 5R£ * 

* *******A********A******L**A***if 



{Baker, MIC, boys 11-18 & Sixth fern girls) 

Required as soon as possible 


Experience in schools an advantage. 

Fufi time post with four weeks' holiday. 

Details from the Headmaster, 

Leighton Park School Shinfield Road, 
Reading RG2 7DH (Reading 872065) 


Require senior secretary for Managing Director. 
High leyd of skills required for position with 
responsibility. Salary negotiable: Please write to 
JA Hodglrinson at Simons Design Consultants, 
20 Fowis Mews, London Wit UN. 


needed for property related company. Excel- 
lent business English and typing skiffs. Wen 
spoken and professional appearance. Must be 
available to start before June 1st Salary nego- 

Call Diane Webstar 01-839 7682 


An efficient confident secretary/PA for Direc- 
tor of investment management Company- 
Audio and Wp skills essential and a calm 
personality would be a distinct advantage. 
Salary negotiable. 

CV to Charles Porter. Radford Smith & Part- 
ners, 96 Quswick High Rd, London W4 1SH 

Intelligent Presentable Secsetary/P A 

Agto22 -30 


Ara^dTGBWtUtf ... 
testa m tow own nau wc untratf 

offlwatoc conoifr m Hoftom. 

Shoitiano 4 HMe ffl Rumont nsonai. 

His. 93D-Sfl). EresSfffl Pay. 
-l We fi» How a* Wteigowgaaiifa tomaund. 
pim tektos tesiji. wxfiratoijRrms plx. 


SOUTHERN SPAIN: Dynamic bilingual secretary 
with perfect Spanish is required to assist an equally 
dynamic Overseas Sales Manager of a property denned 
opment company. Must have several years exper i ence 
at senior level combined with the ability to work 
equally wed in both languages. This pa / secretarial / 
administrative rote would eventually evolve into the 

K on of General. Administrator for this department 
i equivalent to £&300 profit share. 

PARJ&Top cafifare pa / secretary to work for busy, 
totally bilingual cnirraeneun Thus you should have 
excellent French and English including accurate short- 
hand in both. A sense of responstbthy. the ability to 
work under pressure and word processing experience 
are essential for this most interesting. position. Salary c. 
Francs 12,000 per month. 

Mnkiffaignal services 
Recruitment Consultants 
22. Charing Cross Road, 

London WC2H OHR 
TEL 01-836 3794 



Perception and initiative are essential qualities 
together with a minimum of two years experi- 
ence controlling the temporary section of- a 
London based employment agency. 

As a small successful, specialist employmnent 
agency dealing with both" permanant part-time 
and temporary posts we offer a competitive sal- 
ary and good conditions. Hours 9.00 - 5.00 daily. 

Please apply in writing to 

Julia Mclndoe 
Pan Time Careers Ltd 
10 Golden Square 
London W1R 3AF 


. Great opportunity for .a secretary to. work 
with ok of Londons leading product design 
groups. Friendly and lively studio near Lan- 
caster Gate. 

First rate secretarial skills are needed includ- 
ing shorthand and WP. 

Salary negotiable, £10,000 
Free lunches 
4 weeks holiday. 

Please write to Annette Eggett enclosing 
your CV. 

24 Brook Mews North, 

London W2 3BW 
or call 01-724 P01 

/'senior secretary^ 

to £15,000 

Our. dfent a work! famous international com- 
pany seeks a top level secretary to jam a senior 
executive and provide fuU PA support You 
should be welt educated with a stable career 
history and previous experience Pt board level. 
1004/60 skfts essential. Age 254 

Eiizobeih Hunt Recruftmenl Consuftonb J 

2-3 Bedfcxd Sheet London WQ 01-2A0 35tt/ 


Brow en a w i toft e Socramm mwt* nomi tor a bmy dnvi 
siuH) * acnaa n em n«M Jwto o p ww t fumd sBctoanl sMb 
I ssanto. An omraoity to an a amto inensv mm am oa 

m « aspacw of ma conwir am ap sroneg on safes. Ca 

unwr. 25 yeas +. Saay negatoote. Plow «ns mo CV m: 

Ntocfihi Derigm Ltd. 

B mhwm Dock, 

Pwkffte Road, . . 

London SW11 4NP. 


Leading firm of architects and surveyors need an 
exceptional secretary to establish the smooth 
running of the -office. We see you as probably 
304, of good appearance, well spoken and 
organised, with good secretarial skills and ability 
to use your own initiative. Previous experience 
of an achi teetotal office with client haison is 

K, R Dodd. ARICS, 
Howard LoWy Partnership. 
167 Great Portland Street 
London WIN 5FD. 

£10,000 pa 


Having been with the company tor the past 5 
years as PA to one of the four partners, 1 am 
now looking fix' my replacement. 1 can promise 
you varied work, an enjoyable environment and 
plenty of high-level involvement, but you'll need 
to possess the initiative to work without supervi- 
sion. If you're between 22-32 and lave at least 
two years experience of working at senior level 
then cal 1 me, Joanne Stansbury on 01-630 9493 
or write to me at: The Caldwell Partners, 29 
Buckingham Gale, London SWJ 6NF 

£8,000 AT 21+ 

We need a lively, friendly, person to sell our 
beautiful range of sofas, sofa-beds, and fabrics in 
our Tottenham Ct Road shop. An interest in 
interior design and excellent administrative abil- 
ity are essential For a career with unlimited 
prospects in an expanding company call 






OO Company tai modern West End office Has a vacancy foe 
a bngm oubunasoc numeral* Secretary /Daa Asnstant 
with smart amearanoe. Aflnougn excetteni . sremanai 
dolls (uandinq Wp, but sot necessarily snonn a odl arc 
desucMe. the candidate wai also oe reamred u wort: wim 
conuxner termtnau and to asset to data entry. Database 
maintenance ano toe preoaramm of sansbea report*. An 
anotude (or ana uansu ms type of works nwretore 

£X«xnem Enototi and oood knowledge of German (• e»en- 
uai Some Soanaa woum ano oe an advantage. Sanry up 
to £SAOO depending on expenenc* ana aunty. 

Please- reply with tv. to BOX DOS 


We have two vacancies for audio secretaries 
with word processing skills to work for a Parmer 
and an Assistant Solicitor in our busy and ex- 
panding property department. You should have 
some commerciaJ conveyancing experience as 
wdi as the ability and enthusiasm to cope with a 
.varied workload. We offer competitive salaries 
and provide a friendly working environment in 
modem offices. 

Write with CV or tohrfiMM EBem Hrinlnk, 
Stringer &anl & Xuptfco, Hartal H bmi, 293 
Regent Street, London W1R 7PD, 01-631 


- £Uk50tf - 

Pa whh excel lent German for-dymme Senior Eaectnjwe is 
tap(dty expanomp Invesmxm Am Giy Bank. Emdsn mother 
tongue «*nh SH/auan sJuiK. Benefits: mcn p u. loam etc. 

. . xioioo 

2 Seocarics tor-preniteous Giy Merc han t Bank co-otduinjiig 
bupnen tmertstt m Aac*/ Pacific k^ool Mon nnsu pan 
with gope fijr a rtimtHiin Hive Pa rapo os todi o et. Stahg 100/70. 

nunfigs. profit Ant ac. 


PA Secretary 23 - 25 for ftrem uwl Officer. CSiy Bob 
Marabous s cop e. Skilb 10Q/65. Baakmg bcnefiiL 

«n isstnea 




urgently required by Embassy 

Must- possess good skills and good 
standard of English. Salary £8,500 pa 

Please send CV and photograph to box 
D84 . 


essential Salary negotiable to right person. | r. , r . , _ 

Please apply in writing, wiih a Cy to: I 

For sohettors In aw Wen End to ran theft- busy reception 
area. Voo win be expected to tone wan toe everyday tun- 
vaiwaiw reoepoao. ana vm stn remain cool Previous 
x eto enoai tor tots pomon. you must have a 
pteasuio manner ana vnartnmi u oi deoaMt to comott- 
rew Mbnuofui offlwyea mh wnufea a. vw 
be rewarded wim a saury of |*w won u , m . niuiii,. 

perks yon woaa expect worn a wb or pm 
»nbre. The hours are it - 4. If you matt you IK the txU 
then please phone me now. 

Phone: Pat - 405 7397 

low Secretaries Agency. 

£11,000 P.* 

I™ 9 fort* modem company are tooMng tor a Snr. pa. 

y .gpy. a sense of humour But 

good wmrtoand and a screta n ai Skutp. Tto> coraoany has 
** mtemfllo bam yon on tneir avs- 

Phone : Pat 405 7397 
Law Secretaries Agency 



Estate Agents require audio/sec with good typ- 
ing skills for interesting and varied work dealing 
directly with people and property. WP exp pref 
but not essentiaL Small friendly office in W9 Just 
10 minutes north of Marble Arch. Salary £7,500 


Please Phone 01-289 1692 


25 to 35 years old, with good telephone manner 
and personality requiredio work in an adminis- 
trative office of a trip night clubinChdsea. 
Word processing, audio typing and PR work 

experience an advantage. Safety £8 JOOpa. 

RI«*S Carofine Bishop oa 01 351 Mfilter 

— i it t ten dew. 

Sdfmtees’ Ffeisonnd Departmem is very 
influential, both in business terms and in tre 
lives of chit 4300 As Secretary to the 

head of rfie Deparrm - you will be involved 
in every of this, one of the world’s 

No two days are the same — excirement 

remam carat ana cneenui, scHnearaesuraier 
intense pressure, is imponanr. You wiff also 
need rooe a nxxjeibf efficiency, tacrand 
discretion. • 

In addition to safer?, excellent benefits 
include shopping discounts, dothing 
concessrans, subsidised raeaband incerestfree 
season ridket loans. 

Please write with full career details and 
sating why you wane the job to; 

SehTidges Limited. 4W Oxfoad Street, 
London WLA IAB. 


Royal College of Nursing 


Salary scale £8,121 -£9J)7B par amura 

We are looking for an enthusiastic and 
experienced Secretary to become involved at 
senior management Jewel providing a. 
confidential secretarial -. and office^ 
administration service to the PA to the Chief 
Executive and assisting two pat-time 
consultants. • 

The position offers responsfoffty snd variety, 
using shorthand secreorial. autro and word 
processing skffls to deal with correspondence ■ 
as weB as, arranging meetings, travel etc. and 
assisting with RCN Appeal acth/tties. 

Excellent benefits attached to this important 
position include pleasant office, restaurant 
and bar facilities, 24 days holiday per annum, 
interest free season ticket loan. r 

For further details telephone Person n el 
Department, 01-409 3333 Ext. 346. 

The RCN actively discourages smoking in at 
its premises. - 


T y 

People - Orientated 

to £8300 

toe personnel department of this wnridwide media 

company GoaTpenpIe-skllls’ are centra] to your rofe — 
helping to plan and organise training courses and 
liaising at all Usefe. Their policy is to prnraofrfrom 
within, and so real prospects exist for advancement. 
Wirk experience preferred but not imperative. Rusty 
^ h useful not essmriuL Tvping 50wpm. Aoe 18- 25. 
Please call 01-409 1232. 

Recruitment Cunpufaaim 


A Meefinqs Secretary, 23-30 is nmifoKt by t be Seofotecai- 
Sotimy w a9sa Honoray Otfice bearers wim the runnmg w ns 
extensive scwrofic nwwtiWK ptooramme and wn me produc- 
tem ol its b-momwv rendeoa: gooo lypmg speeds, accuracy 
and capacay to work under oressure on own rnlsiros are 
nwonant tpaktetw the post together wth the afirtty to 
cotrmwrtcate ax ail tevels. 

Some stotiiand necessare loqHtho with fimitarity with Wang 
Wttnl Pracossm. A irowtedge ot Gaoiow wtukfbe a dfeha 
advantage. Staffing salary cES.QOQ. 4 weeks 4 days amud 
hoteaya. LVs are season octet loan. 

Please apply with CV giving names of two referees ta- 

rn Emuthe Secretes; The BeeM u l Society. Belli Nee- 
Hone. Pta»JBjr. UMD0N WtV OW.TeL No. dlASTWt 
by Friday, 30tt> May. 



To ran prestigious Mayfair offices with small 
and enthusiasiic team.- Good secretarial and PR 
skills essential - typing, WP (WordStar) etc. In- 
teresiing varied position for responsible persoa 
with initiative. Good career prospects 1 and insa- 
tiable salary. 

Call Richard Taylor 41-491 1717. 


T j 

on .fc | 

R™ Tj. | - - r L ’ ■ 

. nr 


1 fi * 1 *01 17/ i a 



to our Temps Open Day 
sday 22nd May till 8p.m. 

Our London branches would like to talk to you. We've a great variety of assignments and a unique temp care package. 

**1 "a» a ■»•. 

n tL s AL 

New Opportunities in Management Consultancy 

Central London, Strand c 

^ r * ur ^dasen & Ca Management Consultants 
is one of the country^ laigestTirms of consultants 
with an enviable lepuiation fix employing only 
the best. Growth oyer the past decade hasbeen 
rapid and continuing expansion means that we 
can now oner high calibre professional secretaries 
exciting new opportunities. 


* train on the latest new technology (WANG) 

* work for a small team of management 
consultants in a busy stimulating environment 

* enjoy meeting a wide variety of people, 
we should like to hear from you. • 

c£9 -10,000 Review 1 September 1986 

s Successful applicants will be aged 23 plus and have 

5 a high su vtdatd of audic/typing skills (65 wpm) in . 

addition jto strong and pucwen organ isationaJ/ 
administ ratfve abilities. Excellent presentation, 
good conhmunication skills and the ability to 
es remain daeerful and calm under pressure ate also * 
required lfor these challenging roles. 

If you wish to apply, please send a detailed 
curriculum vitae to: A rvrr tt in 

MisMaggfleHennessy ./aKItIUK 


3 Surrey Street . p 

London \CfC2R2PS 



For Regional Director erf large 
American Consumer goods com- 
pany, now estabfishingin Europe 
at Central London (mice. Skills 
needed; self starter) experience in 
setting up an office; fluent In at 
least one other European lan- 
guage, some experience with 
wp/computer systems, ability to 
cope with dynamic environment 




Very experienced Secretary /Mar- 
keting Assistant to the Marketing 
Director & Product Development 
Manager also reqttired. Must be 
over 25, self motivated, a good 
organiser and used to working un- 
der pressure much of the time. 
Fluency in at least one other Euro- 
pean language essential. 


commoNS m line with 


Please reply stating winch 
position applied for to 
BOX D73 


Our efients, a young advertising agency In 
Convent Garden, are looking for a cnanmng, 
perfectionist Personal Assistant to deal with aft 
the Chairmans business matters. Good pros- 
pects for total bwofveroenL Age to 27. SkHte 


We are looking for a young profession^ A to 
work for an investment banker to the Ci ty. He 3 
a bachelor In his 30‘s and requi res a dedic ated 

person who w» deal with the organisation of 

business conferences as wefi as help on prt- 
vate business. Overtime required occastonafiy 
as you are wortdng w«i stoct deatffines. 
Lovely offices. Age c23 Speeds 90/80. 


PA to Managing Director 

Ffanfeli company - bright newly refmbisfaed 
offices to Wosltotoster, SWL 

We require a first dasto PA/sacretary for a 
new company commenting operations on 
2nd June. The compaijny wm be part of the 
Enso UK Grotto and iresponsfoie for the 
sales of newsprint from Finland. 

The ideal applicant should be between 25- 
35 years and folly experienced in al 
aspects of secretarial work and office ad- 
ministration. Shorthand essential. 
Experience in a related' field useful. Salary 

Please send application in writing together 
with c.v. to:- 

Mrs. J. P Writer . 

Enso Marketing Co. i:jkL, Erato House, 
Cray Avenue, Orpington, 

Kent BR5 3PW. 


required by the Provost fc«r his Private Office. 
Candidates should be educated to at least ‘A’ 
level standard as die duties tof the post will re- 
flect the Provost’s academic ■ interests as well as 
die wide administrative responsibilities of his 
Office. Applicants should hipve previous secre- 
tarial experience (fast accurate typing essential). 
Preferred age 25-30. Salary • on scale £6993 - 
£9146 (under review) inc. I ,W ajLe. 

Applications to Liz Kelly, Personnel Depart- 
ment, University College Londkm, Gower Sheet, 
London WC1E 6BT from wfciom further details 
may be obtained. dosing date 30 May 1986. 


Advertisinir Plus! 

£ 8,000 ? 

In the last five years dlls ad ageu cy has rocketed to 
grominmceon the back of sheer 8 kutudng creattvliy 
Sophisticated, successful, fivdy-; and s timu l atin g 
they set high standards mid offer modi fn ret urn . 
Presently they require an adc&r tonal secnsfax£_to 
co-ordinate handling on four tofy accounts. The 
wnkfeinvd vk ^tlrepacgchaDe>«ing. Areymage 

20-23, with | 

I typing? Keen to 'J 


Fast growing W1 advertising agency re- 
qulres highly skilled and efficient secretary 
with advertising experience ; to work for 
Board Director & Account Director. 

The working conditions are excellent, the 
responsibilities are consfcJeraiWa, the hours 
may be long and the commit! pent must be 

If you are looking for a challenge and you 
have the necessary skffls and 1 dedication , 
write to: 

Kay RJdpath 

Maflerman Summerfields ancj Partners 
2 Gratae St 
London WfiP IFF 


High Tech Research Company, requires Sec- 
retary/Aduiinisfrator to wade on i niwnaiMmal 
on-line infonnatioD service & tetoriwon Opin- 
ion Doffirac/reBearch. Min see l 22. Good 

Tel 01-242 34(54 


Storey - £10,000 \ ' 

Smjht fctolKaffla ol a fiouw Co. oho an Mn Jafc* Add 

to taka to unfa of M 


I Top P.A-Geneva \ 

i to £ 15,000 l 

z A professional PA. is required by the g 
m Director of this international company Z 
■ with exdusioe offices on Lake Geneva. He * 
o is searching for a mature secretary with id 
S sound secretarial skills, who is keen to 
3 enjoy off of the benefits of working and Q 
0 lining in one of the world’s foremost gf 
§ international business centres. 7 

‘ You i oSt be playing a key role in liaising £} 
> with international clients and keeping ^ 
$ your boss totally informed during his ^ 
- frequent trips abroad French or German J, 
a is an advantage but more importantly you z 
a must be professional, polished and totaOy g 
9 discreet . g 

g We would like to hear from candidates a 
\ mho are serious about working abroad < 
z Please send your current CV together with ^ 
E a recent photograph to Sarah HazeU at the u 
| address below. Age: 25-35. Skills: 100/50. | 


8 Gddm SqoatE, London WL 
Tet 61-439 602L 


Staff Care Package 

"Hobday Pay * Bank Hofiday Pay 

" Guaranteed Wbrk for * Soda! Programme 
top skills • Regular Renews 

* Free. W/P computer • (Wtete Career 


* 25s?* A * tfds * "wwnfing & Varied 
" t mnw ia te Work A ssto nm ents 


Wax race Iteuuro a deagn 
oriMiUsd PA/Nwntwy to 
hdp in his Bekynto bdh- 
room shop. OUnoma 
pnsonaflly, good soqtorid 
stills, aid oigaihafiond 
afaffiy are importart. Fluent 
french is also sssenhaL Sal- 
ay £10,000. pa. 

This Isa real opportunity to 
become put of a gran soo- 
cess&d busy team bi 
Londons premer tottnom 

Ran Bobby Saber on 01- 
5 84 6427 to Ik a 

Max IWs. Bathroom Shop, 
4 Bxfestono Street, London 

PA Witt 
Flaeat Sparisli 

Do you want E134I00 p« ? 
You can got Riot N your 
Spanish is Duont, you 

nature and cairn pereon- 
aftty. This mH tmown 
company of la wye rs vftb 
cfflCM to Mayfrir needs 


* f "\. *>/ 

« ** •§»/ 


CALL: Noire or John oo 




Required for exceptfondly successful Advertising Company 
in their magreficent offices in WC2. Unquestionable *ecre- 
tarial skffls. Salary c. S11J00Q. 

HERE IS an oppoftwtiy to become as involved as you wish 
in a job of substance fwrilh apoftka) angW) 554- typing, 
S/H » advantage. Salary c. £7^00 - £§.500. 


ON 935 9692 


WE ARE a newly established Charitable Foundation set 
up to help in Education and in small scale medical 
projects in a Third World Country. 

This is an exciting and challenging opportunity for an 
outstanding PA to work for the Foundation's Director. 

The successful applicant will possess excellent formal 
skills and will be required to set up, organise, and run the 
prestigious W1 office. Tact, diplomacy, and the ability to 
deal with people at all levels together with a pleasant 
telephone manner are essential personal qualities. 

WE HOPE you will reply with detailed Resume to: 
Andree Mills-Thomas 
c/o 49 Temperiey Road, 

London SW12 8QE. 

South Keosington 


required far 

a The Cvator of the Geo logical Hnseai 
b The Acttog Head of the Stpirtneflt if Library Services 

The poste cat! for energetic, intelligent and resilient pereons wBh a pleasant and tactful 
personality, secretarial skills and previous expe ri enc e as a personal secretary. Ability 
to handle material of a confidential nature Is essential, and previous experience at 
word proce ssin g or a willingness to learn is desireable. 

The successful candtdates most tie prepared to become Involved in aD aspects at their 
Department's war* and wfli toe expected to work an their own and to take 

Minimum goanflcaUans: 3 GCE *0* level passes Including EngUsh Language: Short- 
hand 100 wpu or audio skills: Typing 30 wpm. 

POMflNHtir of a starting saiaiy above Die mlnbnum of the Scale of £7.7 IS pa rising by 
4 annual increments to £8 l 865 pa fcunmtly under revision). Additional proficiency 
payments can be earned. 5 day. 41 hour week dsduding hmch hours). 4 weeks 2 days 
paid holiday plus 10 ¥> public and privilege holidays. 

Apply in miting with atmathon nine us 

Mm J Fantworth, 

British Mnsenm (Natural History), 

OromnreO Road, 

London. SW7 5BD 

Tie British Musam (Notand History) is ea Eqmst Oyport anlty Employer. 



Grants are made by the Foundation in the areas of science and medi- 
cine; social research and experiment, education, fellowship and awards 
for the Commonwealth. 

The post involves a wick variety of secretarial and administration 
duties. Responsibilities include preparing papers for Trustees meetings, 
drafting minutes and handling the follow-up of the meetings. 

Applicants aged 25+ should have good secretarial skills and experience. 
Knowledge of a WP would be an asset. 

Competitive salary; benefits include 24 days annual holiday, subsidised 
lunches, contributory pension scheme and season ticket loan. 

Please apply in writing with GV. to The Director, Nuffield Lodge, 
Regents Paris, London NW1 4RSL (Office in WC1 area). Ctosicg date for 
applications 4th June 1986. 


SALARY COCA £17,000 

I am looking for a highly motivated. hanMvorktng PA who wm tw supoorUve and 
adapts* to an sttnaUons. from Junior to senior taafcs. working under her own infUaifv* In 
a strictly professional entrepreneurial environment. 

The successful candidate wfl be a perfecttonM. Innat genl (Preferably a graduate), cre- 
ative. articulate, numerate. dtaaeeL honest, loyal, trustworthy, possessing asenent 
secretarial skins with 130/75 wpm. wUHng to travel and a nocvsrooksr. She wm also have 
a dynamic, pteasanl personality, a sense of humour in mis extremely pressurised and 
responsible posMoo and SbouU be able to deal with people at an soda! levels. She wm 
co mpose confidential correspondence with a good command of the Engteh language 
where style and detafl am easaitlaL and wm lake pride A the presentation of her written 
product. The successful candidate win also be dedicated and prepared to commit herself to 
tong. Irregular boom, fcocfudtag weekends when necessary. Languages, especially French 
and Spanish, would be a distinct advantage, 
r-ywniterfo. currently earning less than £13000 need not apply. 

If you have the qualities described above for this demanding pasnoa and seek excellent 
rewards (hr your total InvotvemenL please write with d etai led covering letter. Including 
salary History, c u rr e nt c.v. and. If possibl e , photograph Uk Reply to BOX D81 . No 

Admin Sec/PA 


Our cUerit is a charitable Institute established in 1831. A 
professional association serving the combined services, it 
also am as a forum for high-level military debate. As Admin 
Secy PA rqxiftlng to the principal executive officer )ouwfll 
deal with all aspects, handling agendas; minutes; etc and 
becoming Involved In funiraking, VIP liaison and 
day-trxfay administration. Excellent skills (90/60) and 
good wont record essentiaL Age 27-40. Please telephone 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Streep London 1Y1 
(Recrutonenc Consultants). 

SECRETARY 25+ £11000 

For Head of Management Systems Dept Sh/f00L 
Typ/5(L W.P. experience essential. Supervisory 
p os iti on . 

SECRETARY 20+ £9000 

be given. Able to work on own initiative and 
compose letters. 

Both positions ait m ECt area and require good 
appearance, telephone manner and oreviomi sec- 
retarial experience, Excellent benefits. 




12-14 MBH SRHT. 


IU: n-TK 54 



with professional and tsclmcal questions. Var- 
ied duties include correspondence and other 
papors- administration of conferences and 
meetings and respanslbttty for runring a small 
office. Good audio typing and invoicing experi- 
ence essential. Pleasant office in central 
position. Horn negotiable, at least 30 hour 
week. About £8,500 pa. 

Telephone 01-378 687$ 

BANKING BENEFITS + £10,000 neg 

International merchant bank with a 
superb City office :ts seeking a wefl 
organised, capable secre tary who enjo ys 
Prioritising and a »n — gMgW rt* 
high level of client 
liaison. Skills 90/ 70 

and If required cross A rimVtf 

training on the IBM 

PC will be given. „ » 


Are you wasting 
your taoguage sfcffls? 

WP/Shorihand /typing 

sitos are needed by 88% 
of the employers using 
these cofumna. We need 

them tool However, if 

you can speak French, 
German or any other 
language, you are very 
special Our demand for 
temporaries is fincraas- 
fng, so be the ora who 
benefits. We'd Ska to 
hear all about you - 
please telephone now. 

174 Haw Bool Wtfl. 

--irl \ Secretaries 


with Knowledge or basic 
book-keeping required for 
busy West End property 
developer. Salary c 
£ 9,000 pa. Telephone Sue 
01-357 6216 

vnntinaril on sot pegs? 

! . f 






3 ft 






















Tasteful Temping... 

No -hassles. No Jet-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thorough! y professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to “The Work Shop’. 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 



1 Whirlybird 1 

| Special I 


v An unusual role using your excellent * 

> organisational and secretarial skills ? 
< exists with our client, a major ■£. 
S international company with interests < 

' 3 worldwide. The scope of this job is r ‘, 
z exceptional - you'll plan company z 
^ entertainments, handle hundreds of X 

> charity requests and even schedule the 5 

£ helicopter. > 

j| If this sounds appealing to you, give us a * 
<£ ring and we can discuss it further. Age: C 
z 2/+ Skills; 90/60 Salary: £9,000 p.a. < 


o 8 Golden Square, London WL 5 

> TeL- 01-439 6021. s 



An experienced senior secretary is required to 
work for the head of the Old Master Painting 

The successful applicant will have outstanding 
administrative and communication skills, be 
able to work under pressure and have a flu- 
ency in French: French shorthand is an 

A competitive salary and benefits are offered. 

Please send your curriculum vitae to: Caroline 
Barrett. Personnel Manager. Sotheby's. 34-56 
New Bond Street London W1A 2AA. 


CouncN for the Advancement of Arab 
British Understanding (CAABU) 

First class shorthand secretarial sktfs essential 
but reef interest in Arab affairs important Ab8- 
ity gradually to assume administrative 
responsibilities. Salary c. £8,500 but good 
prospects for experienced person willing to 

Apply with C.V. to: 

D. R. Coflard QBE 

CAABU, 21 Coti Ingham Road, SW5 0NU. 
No telephone enquiries please. 

Personal Assistants 

The following posts require high calibre candi- 
dates with excellent presentation ami communi- 
cation skills: 

TV - £12400. Director. TOO/6 0 wpm.- 27-30 years. 
Should be capable of dealing with people at all levels. 
Advertising - £9.500. CHef Executive. 80/60 wpm, 23- 
27 years. Hectic, happy atmosphere. Should be a good 
organiser and able to take on responsibility. 

Public Relations - £93100, Director. 80/60 wpm, 
20/27 years. Not tor the faint hearted, high level of 

Contact Mrs Ross oa 01-434 2405 
Oassicae Management Recruitment Consuttaats 
Liberty House, 222 Regent Street 
London Wlfl 5DE 

CXI 3,000 

Does ita concent at fimttg On 
nob person then muomsing 
ttwr pottrta) gqb you? Then 
you mil Brw assisting (Ms Di- 
rector a one of the fastest 
gmmg Wemationai Banks as 
ns semtvy/PA Your tfuees 
«nfl mdude the careful han- 
<Sng at oonMental pemnnol 
deal. indudng senior recnat- 
mm Dack-tm and renumer- 
tt on package mate-w 
Age Z5-40. yon confidence 
and ttwTWon will be reoumd 
tram Ctamwn (ml down- 

word processing stalls am de- 
sirable. and and se cr etar ia l 
SUS essential ( 100 / 60 ). 

726 8491 


C. £13,000 

One ot the wort* wp mwsl- 
irara banks seeks a tarty and 
dedicated secretary to assist 
a semor executive responsible 
for promoting and advising on 
a wide range of services for 
«i international dimtete. 

Aged 25-35, you wBI be confi- 
dent with an easy phone 
manner (or liaising at ail lev- 
els and for managing your 
travelling boss. 

Word Processing aperienee 
a an advantage: good secre- 
tarial stalls an essential 

726 8491 

AK®AJ22Effi£R II |jAffi£a^M2e3^ 

Chairman’s Office 

£ 8^00 

Enjoy life at the top. in the Chairman s office of this 
major advertising ^enev He leads a high-profile life and 
you will be very ouch involved — helping to prepare 
speeches, co-ordinating social and business engage- 
ment? and dealing with top-level correspondence. 
Shorthand is not essential. Houevn rood audio typing, 
some work experience and a confident, unflappable 
approach are all Important Age 21+. Please call 01-409 

Recruitment Consultants 



2 Directors of an Inter- 
national property 

company with a small at- 
tractive West Bod office 
in the Cavendish Sq area 
require a person with 
short hand/audio. Skills 
100/60. A pleasant out- 
going -personality and 
good telephone manner. 

01-580 7413 


with written and spoken 
Spanish ft French cotjM 
sun young graduate with 
Secretarial skills 
Apply to Export Depart- 
ment. Adstenal Dental 
Products Limited. 4 Crys- 
tal Way. Harrow HA1 


We are a young and 
exdUng international 
company located' In 
Mayfair. We are grow- 
ing fast and now need 
a competent admin 
secretary to complete 
the crew. 

Remuneration package 
c.£12K. Please send 
your CV to D J Buck- 
ley. BanaMan. 120 
Uxbridge Road. Lon- 
don W7 3SU. 


An excellent oppor tun ity 
for a hard working 
Sec/ PA with 100/78 
wpm lo work In a busy 
Hampstead Estate Agents. 
£ 8.000 offered to right 
person. Ring Mrs K 
Perdval on 01-794 0153. 


Harpers & Queen magazine 
requires a young. wbB 
org an ised secretary to wort 
for the bu sy adverfeanM* 

Fast, accurate typing & short- 
hand WOnqwi) essential as to 

Young, tun Architects/ 
Designers require com- 
petent secretary with 
sfcfis 90/60 plus audio 
and wiftWP experience. 

Age 18 - 24. Salary 1 

Please telephone 
01-228 6645 

(No Agencies pfease) 

Life At The Top 

£ 10,000 r 

Men* into the heart -oftAe acdoh, within the Chief 

highly dynamic —a marked ng pr o fe ssi o na l with a vast and 
growing following In the G £y Your rote will be tr> plan and 
co-ordinate his business arid serial activities, falsing with 
- pubticaffelrs specialists on his appearances at fiaictiora and 
liaison require- good stags (90/60) and s erior 4evel 
experience. Age 21 +. Plea se telephone 01-493 5787. 
Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 



Ourdient isayoiing,d« pring. primely owned property 
company involved in dt ;vek>ptng inner- London areas - 
m dodi n g pa exciting v nrebouse conversion in Shore- 
ditch whdre they haw* their own offices. The MD 
requires an efficient TJVsec who with the bdp of a 
junior can orga n ise and (ran the busy office. A commer- 
cial background will triable yon to assesa priorities and 
you wiO have a chance to combine your secretarial 
(100/60) and adminstirarivc skills within a ™il com. 

' P>ny. Age range 25 - JI15. Parking available. Please ring 
588 3535, 

Cronje Corkill 



Exponenced secretary 
needed for. smaU taut 
tats? and (uamfid 
Iku w Wu tfc agency- You 
need to be *wfl educated. 
efficient and confident 
enough _ In trite an 

proven (rack 'record arid 
WP experience, Bt re- 
turn there are good 1 
working amUttas and 
a fnewfiy atmosphere. 
State 100/60. AgtSl+ij 
Non maker. 

Mam caR Lka Harris' 
01-331 2U1 


WHh nrimmaro 1 year's 
Karinlal rapalau.Sri- 
ary £ 10000 + negotiable. 

01-575 9090 
(9-5) . 

- IPC (Brim) LkL, 
Unit 18. 

Mefroporitan Centre, 
26 Derby RtL,. 



Required tor yoong dy- 
namic Director- ol tiew 
Sooth London- Estate 
Agents. Modern dflts. 
dose to transport Excel 
lent salarv negotiable aM 
good prospects. 

To*r 0r-73COS3S atiytiaw 


Afternoon receptionist/typist (min 45wpm) from 
1-30 to 6.00 p.m. required by friendly sales 
promotion/ad agency In West End. Pleasant 
telephone manner and sense of humour essen- 
tial. Start ASAP. 

Phone Sally Ann on 01-439 4252 


required for a small 
sluppiiw/property of- 
fice. Salary aae. 
Glovers Chartering 

44 Russell Square | 
London WCI 

mkmth tour wrexurr m 
MUM An aniM opportuni- 
ty in us* your 6 mths4 
» bmirae part or a Ham In an 
pxpanama Designer Jewel] ery 
Go in Wi Working wiiti the 
charming Marttetlng Mgr. you 
wto autsl in organising wnu- 
“W* edUMUom and pro* 
recem k MH as wdl m providing 
«c. support You should paw 
sow too 60* audio suite. be 
gmeniahto. well mokep with 
plmty of ml native. 'A'v Aae 
oorlv aos. Salary £&ooo + hid 
den benefits. FOease Call *37 
4032 H oog lo nes Ret Cm 
mo shorthand i la C7.i 17. You . 
no doubt own many books putx i 
tolled by Itos company ■ one ol 
toe matt pn«lg«ti and Influ- ■ 
ruHal in toe paperback field 
Now there m an opp to sion 
smtr career with them in a key 
editorial department. You will 
mhi in proarew m a manu- 
Ktipo and win be gainlnq exc 
evp TvuWB si SO wpra * audio 
am lily red’d. Synergy, (he re- 
mnlment consultancy. 01-437 

TOR c£ 7.700. An etteHen* 

career opportunity for -A' toiel 
or gradual caltegr haven lo 
Icon this tailemauonaliy re- 
nowned training orffndsouon. 
Oei away from toe office and 
attend conferences throuMiouf 
toe UK meeting lop industrial 
Ms and sneakers A irwndly ' 
outgoing personality and 00 *6 . 
speeds are needed. Far further 
mfannaacMi plane telephone I 
Caroline King Appts on Ot 499 

aucAzmc sumk so. tws n 
on ideal opening for a bright, 
well imtaw college leaver lo 
learn all about toe running and 
production of a monthly maga- 
zine. You wilt need xcime 
typing and same audio to deal 
with new suHcrlMont and 
Queries and to learn to typeset, 
but most of all you need tots of 
uuuauve.and enthusiasm to tv 
into the energetic atmosphere m 
this young team Apr 18-22 
£7.000+ Please call 437 6052 
Kobuonn Roc Cons- 

1ST PAST THE POST al that wen 
known hone racing 
mgamsauan in WCI wHJ work 
lor a charming Senior EHCs- 
lite who win really appreciate 
your organised approach ro Ms 
busy but varied workload. Your 
■moivement and . responNMl- 
toes w,n auMmaucaHy grow as 
you become a vital pan of Urn 
inemUv worn Stalls go bO and 
I vrs sec. no. Age 2&2S Sal 
rXh.OOO*- To reach (he win- 
ners eodovure please cad 437 
6052 HoMones Rec Cons 

Start your career tn pkdmshlng 
with one of the mow omlpaiia 
hardback or paperback houses, 
we have many Interesting va- 
cancies lo toe pubJbhlng Oeld 
and can offer you every psn- 

SOwpra read and. for some po- 
■axnw. dierthano oho nee. 
. Telephone us for advice and de- 
tails. Syneray- toe recndbnaal 
consultancy. Ol h37 9633 
RMYTAM - International Bank 
have on excellent opanlna fur a 
ccut l denl P.4.- In toerr prntl- 
gkws private bsnlnna offlem. 
working for a young dynamic 
senior executive atv-ina secre 
tonal MSMsre. arganwmg 
travel arrangements, a busy di- 
ary. must be capable m 
handling respomdabiy when 
too enecuUve n agreed Sldlls 
80 60 CIOjOOO Age early 
2ffv Ftnesae Appolntmenu tree 
come Ol 49991 76 
NAT M HIAL PRIM of npp agents 
mure a college leaver i Typing 
preferable) as on office 
Hmmr rccep&ouKi lor a small. 

friendly tram m Mayfair office. 
Applicant siio m d be of smart 
»poarance. wuh pfraseat leie 
rawne manner and wKI be 

involved m a variety of general 
PMiee duties. M ease apply tn 
writing to Ref. OJD. Strutt * 
Parker. 19 HU Street. London 
w»x BDL or te l m il o n e oi«2S 
• TO8B- I No ap Hides pteeoei. 
U6AL 49.700- Lively Wl poto 

seek 3 m m Lttmuxm. Con- 
levanong 3 Company Law AH 
have kits a»»in crertact mvone- 
ment CaH 01425 4224 

■OnaslOMl LrgiL 

To Directors of gas 
devEriopnwnt company 
based in Knigffisbridge. 
Age 23+ IBMPC expwt- 
ence preferred. Salary 

Tel 01-581 2894 

*ATUKE Srft EASLT ie*S Sec- 
retory to work with Director 
Cod Africa Association a bust- 
new awocMiMa ol tao 
companies m snuM oft Ice adlo- 
ceM Savoy Hofei Good 
education & reHobie shorthand. 
Convenient hours 104.30 
£7.000 01-856 2840. 

PR M5N. An e sc e J etil oppor- 
tunlty for a coUege leaver with 
80 46 speeds u learn an about , 
PR. This young Nvefy company 
deals with many top household 
names and need you to become 
part of 1 heir team Guided by 
the MD> secretary, you wffl 
hew with press releases, meet 
clients and be responsible for 
the board roam, if you are out- 
going and like people please 
telephone Carobnc King Appts 
op Ol agg 8070. 
Plan SH. no. POO Language 
Staff Apy 465 8922. 
enpenencg speak to Polyglot 
Staff Agency Ol 247 6242 

mMS * snares m 
iemaMonol PLC based to Sr 
James seeks mtetligmt. profes 
Nonol secretary to work with 
senior executive cm trade mves 
U gallons. This 19 on absorbing. 
Involving role. for ■ graduate 
college leav er or perhaps a cere 
bral secretary seeking 
Intellectual chafiange. Good 
short hand and typing esoential 
Age 22* Please taU Ol 409 
1232 The Workshop 
CREAM SHERRY £8,000 . lead- 
ing sherry simmers seek 
secretary to national sales man- 
agrr He to a good dctegalor. 
keen lo encourage involvement 
and inHJauve Scope for product 
tranune K destmi You should 
have good suits (90/001 and 
UoaDy some work expertencr 
Age 20-24 Please Mention* 
01-493 S737 Gordon Yaws 


Wimbledon client trips, semi- 
nars and potf tour nam qitn hob 
llw time, the other half is sup- 
Ptytno secretarial back-up mo 
shorthand, knt wpi lor the Di- 
rector of tote Hvctey west End 
Insurance office Mid 2Qy 
£8600 Call Secs Pins - The 
Secretarial Consultants on srr 
8600 'GHyi or 439 7001 (West 

HOTU5d J . < IOg. TMsH a grew 

opportunity tor a second UMer 
•n mtn a luxury hotel on Die 
Thames as PA ho the Front Ot- 
flee 'Manager You w|2 do ok 
I® copy typing, arrange travel 
Itineraries and meetings and 
deal with ena nines from hotel 
guests Typing afiwptn. no 
shorthand, wp framing given. 
Caroline King Appm. Ol 499 




Secretary, shorthand Of 
autfla Covent Garden 
area. SuM bcgtruier. 

01-836 4271. 

opening for a ral. leaver wup 
80 'SO audio and wp training 
lo experience all aspects of the 
running of a world famous Op- 
era and Ballet Co . Exc. long 
term prospects lor someone 
with a brum confident ap- 
proach. "O' level educ- ■* 
ruronan longs helpful Sol. 
cUvCno *■ good review, phsrae 
cau 437 6032 Hobstones Rec. 


Art opportunity to leant 
about Uie anttque world. 
Some typing and book- 
keening knowledge 
essential. Must be wefl 
epokot and wefl gee- 

Pts call oi-930 0313 or 
01*930 9668 

SECRETARY For busy media de- 
partment in Wi od agency. 
Fast, accurate typing. Good 
organisational ability. Lan- 
guage* and ad v e ni ng agency 
experience an advantage, bur 
not essential- Salary negotiable. 
Plnase write wtto C-V, to. Sara 
Fogg. DPA. Royalty House. 72 
74 Dean Street. London WIV 

Jech_ He ld Very oompMmi 
Secretary pa with flair, dm*. 
JlexIDjMy. ImHaUve 4 good wo- 
ken German to tel ap and 
ensure smooth running af new 
office Interest in computers 
useful. £9 -ioxxjo aae. Tri 01- 
£2? 9M6 Sheila Burgess 
fYrsonnet Counseflor. 

•mart reception af a well iTrwmwi counselor. 

known (nuvuaOouai company — — 

in SW1 needs a friendly, well _ na„ui_ . , 

presented -RecepUonat. Varied c H y l "««l 

revanubtliOre include isdng a 
Herald swmtiboanl. organising 
travel, hotel and theatre book- 
ings os well as some relief 
typing and Idn. Age 2440. 
Rease ring 434 4612 crone 

. Corkill Rec. CMn. 

OERMAH M THE CtTT: Law firm 
regiared lor a M Ungual Enatnh 
Orman secretory, capable af 
iranslattng both ways and aged 
mid 2CS. Legal experience and 
shorthand useful but not necev- 
jary Starting salary L9.300 
Multilingual Services f Recrult- 
nwid ConsuDantu 01 -836 

3794 6 

multi national transport re for 
* b sec with PA potenltai 
£10.000. Woodhousc Appoint- 
ment 01-404 4646 

rector of presUg 
woup. Friendly 
good presentation A 
90 50. 24*. £10.1 
Language Appts 846 9743. 

■uumrms cajooo 

very •uceenftd mark 
aalfcdx seek highly 
secretory. Scope lor r 
of involvement, for 

bright and a Me to act 

initiative. Good skills 
required. Age 20-30 
tel ephone 01-493 6787 
Yales Consultancy. 

COLLEGE LEAVER SECS. Yales Consultancy. 

£7.0004 July rev. With and MAYFAIR Rapidly 
without s h. Inti City firm with Exec Career consult; 
soung friendly atmosphere of- expenancad pa -Sec I 
fer excel lent training iind. wp) office admin. Good 
A ptuhkxJs to C.- Ls with O Lev ■ uoru exc M^hone m 

H ^ .. * 0<i a tanghi & wp. Audio skins e*e 

enthudasric PersmaUty. Free of rttml contact Sen 

STL rag- OrajLanaMP mow mandatory. 
cm 406 6148 Ktogstand Pere. poienDal. Good aalan 

Ow*v share 01-493 2648 ’ 

EDITORIAL PA £8.260 Become 
Involved In the best seller paper- 
back markef as you asset the 
Editorial Director of Dos major 

puotntung house. As you liaise 
with housetioid-nanKd authors, 
you win be at the very hear> of 
Die pubUsMng field. Skins 

esnenenced PA -Sec 1 
office admin. Good 
lion. ejec. telephone manner 
wp. Audio sWQs esentlaL 
of cbsii cont o rt. Bene ' 
mow mandatory, 
potential. Good salary 4 
share 01493 26*8 368 
lubber, to £7.000. lor 
modem offices in Wl. 
varied and hueresmig. 
typing 604. wpm and 
wpm. Age 194. Te 
SvkMM 734 8466 or CTi 
Stock! on Associates, rec 
29 Glasshouse Eerral. W| 


(University of London) 



required for the Professor 
of Industrial Saaolociy, in 
the Department of Social 
and Economic Studies. 1 
The job wifi be varied, in- 
teresting and responsible 
and include some general 
departmental work. 

Knowledge of word pro- 
cessing or a wiflingriess 
to leam essential. 

Salary In the scale £093 
- £8092 per annum, inclu- 
sive, with far weeks 
holiday and extra days for 
Christmas and Easter. 

For further details please 
phone: 01-589 5111 ext 
7009 or write including 
C.V. to:- 

Mrs. E. Clark, 

Social and Economic 
Studies, 53 Princes Gate, 
Exhibition Road, 
London SW7 2PG. 



Founder Ralph Vaughan Williams 

Hie Administrator needs a. part tmw.asastai pt, 
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, 9-30 m- 5 JOprn, not’ r ie- 
gotiabie. Additional fiill or half, day by 
arrangement. Excellent shorthand and typing 
speeds essential. Experience with the prepared bn 
of complex committee documents desirable. M lay 
suit a person with legal experience. Salary dep> (ai- 
dant on background and ability. Please reply <in 
writing with CV to: 

The Administrator 

RVW Trust ; 

28/29 Southampton Street 
London WC2E 7JA 


SOUTH KmsnWTON Sndote 

Aril nr rat» ana bn* w«h 2 
0 Up beds, able glareig, re cpf 
•• mu tengtn boy. wimm. 
KU v,6ycr. bath. Rm goner. 
riOco cnoanor phone, ro let 
SSBSO pw. Goddard A Snath 
930 7321. . . 

(SUMOTCH, m. AoraatreGrar- 
0 ap KtAoM home, cfomr to 
Hmum a na a w pun. tOMn»C0y. 
FbOy Itarn. 2 let rerep. WL 
0 MD 8 . study, bato. gaRteo. 
£200 pw. A van 2-a yeorv 3S9- 

fflUW * J btdnn flat- wwfuu 
block. ava» Jane. £TSO Dw 
manat SW7 i hedfip. not k 
Ab. tong leL'£ 180 pw Hcyrock 
A CP 684 68A3 

t.wlgapp i Maaagment Sfrvtceti 

~~ ***"’ 


U« require properties m ccprral 


ram anO wm Lapdon areas 
tor woman JpWkawsOl-Bai 


. /' . 

FULL UCT OT Rental Propwiter 
ovoBaWs tn Omtnri London. 
Fat oh yoar w ill ra nutre- 
mentt cnH BAHCETS 794 

RERSRhnWL Mod lux Ral avaH 
tamaad- Lge baB. 3 beds, drew- 
Ingrtu. 2 tufta. fu»> rgolptw] 
ktLrlge being- matngnu-Prev 
Ugtaus maarloa Mock wim 
emranre phone * porter. Oow 
aUonanea SaBCoor Dnhassy. 
£346pw Tel 361 1601 or 352 
2639 now for mwwwiiate 
viewing, . 

90 60 wpm. Synergy, toe re- EARLS COURT. AlOjaan 

cnannenl consunoncy, 01-657 

OWW- EatUtrt opening for 
roung sec lo gam experience M 
senior leieL You wm be In- 
volved on organising social 
events, a tiantnme ruMomer en- 
auton. Gonfldenl outgoing 

personality Skins 90.60. Age, 

19 Yip * . £8 jOOO. FIZMOe 40- 
polnlmen» (fee coal Ol 499 

Market residential let 
Property management 
require a recent ion tsi 
Bay wito basic skills a 
to work on inter own 

Good telephone mi 

outgoing personality 
Tel Mr Ounathl Ol i 
secretary /college leaver 
by gardens chart <y In SW 
of Interest and 
i Rusty shorthand am — 
brpmg requested. Sol 
tkSOo. please teiephoM 
6787 Cordon 
Corel rtianry. 

C9JSO. ASSISI toe charm) ng SW Gordon 

Mp of Dits malar puMtsMng 

home Dealing with major pa- HOT WH EEL 91 £800 
toon and isabHng to a broad Cud mosor oipanlsai 
and In von ins rote, you win be young sec to handle 
a* rim top or toe pubboMng ud atom. Lots of variety atf - 
der Exc ton to be gamed Skin* voivemem m a rnendty. 

SO 35 wpm. Synergy, toe re- working environment . 
rnntmmi coreuttancy. oi -637 •harrhand and typing 
9633 Age 2024 Please m 

W I U BIRNO £64100 - varied . Jig J? ” fc *? B g- - 

and nespomiwe rote wttnm pie . LEGAL PA. 

praa/prodlirtton deportmnnl af *M,«Pn 

dip. leading mogxrtne pnlMer. 
Numeracy. accurate skills 
■90f55i and some wp expert- 
enoe a mint Goad benefits, 
genuine prmawete Preferred 
«e early 2 Qs Please ictoohonr 
01^95 - 6787 Goioon Yales . 

.CB.OCO Join tote company 
dealing with Ihe most e xp e ns ive 
re«denUal pnmnjo and be 
came involved in a varied and 

Interesting rote. Chen every 
on vo make a contribution you 
win b e gaming me exp wto, a 

todWounamjm, Typing at 
66 wfkrnSH „ asset. Synergy. 
t^ rec T^jhnie pl ooreuBancy. PREHCH WUHtTMO PA /SEC. 
a— Lfr 7 22S__ WCkaw lo £l(MX». Bilingual 

■MALL PROPERTT F IN AN CE sec to assist manager lor imorv , 

Secretory nrrJJSjfiS* 1 o SS JU ,h "itekra researrb and 

StiCTHritv HffBpiNinNI for ? PU duthra, FrMucni tttfnt ilu- 

^ hiihg P i t ec lo ry Excellent msi. Previocis markeDnO 
shorthand typing and word pro- ■ buednssa devefopmervi rwi 
anri U te otoHiy to prtt. Call Mrrrow Emp A«v 
work under presoure. Attrac- ,i he Language Smtil riir i xtx 

hve Mayfair offices E9JUO 4 lila7 *--^age wmastol 630 

bonus 20 days holiday Non- 

smoker preferred Please JUNIOR TYPIST U3H - Greof 

PA r&ee to senior Partner In 
this large West End firm. He • 
keen lo delegate, and so Die am 

liy in «yow win, me tab 
Important Excellent audio lyp. 
Dig essential. Age 23* please ter 
Ol cog 1232 The Workshop 
tenure group need a contracts 
Minunmu. early 20 V*- wth 
shorthand typing skltfci and pre- 
Houi leasing contracts 

experience. £9.000 Cap Secre- 

lanes pfus - The Secreuulal 
Consul lontx on 377 Sboo icitvi 
or 439 Tool rWeal End*. 

letephone date Lowford on 
629 8678 iNo Agencsesi 
“«ghl try leading 

Publishing advertising group 
AsPA SerloMD you wlllerv 
my a central role in buslne-a 
danHM and devetopmenl. 
while handling top . level lip* 
wi wHh household - name 

prmpecti and rvdbn) traumvg 43b 1487 
wjflun nns young, lively pjj. mi.u ei .. 
agency for a tumor wuing ro w, tew 
^v«e a year or two to SnS 2A, r »Sl 
?»ard wo rt, Love tv offices good SSihSid 
hrnrtus You shook! nave £od 
ivpiog and mro Otetrt educa SSr S 

S22 iZ: 19 . p *~“ wo* CX-JJ 

409 12S2 The Workshop 

ter financial. stockhraktng 
background. Lois of variety 
wtuiin Dos posMkm. musa nave 
good s hand and typing skills 
and be ante to work on own tm- 
tteme. Ring scat Rec Cfto on 
Ol 437 8344 for further deralCa. 
we have a variety of vacaoctes 
in TroveL bnport Expert and 

Banking lor 1st & 2nd robbers 

using their French German and 

fThe lanaaabe Soertaiisrsi Ol 

636 taar 

wi retail croup neem a secre- 
tory. 3646 to do seme ad nun + 
shorthand typing of r u rregion- 
dance £9-500. Call Secretaries 
Plus ■ The Secret ari al Consul 
tarns on 577 8600 1 cayv or 439 
7001 .wm End l 

kcpubK Good shorthand and I 00 hi WL Lrgemy seeks I £g - ao ° 

typing regursted Salary 
to C tO.qOQ Pteaar te tePhon u Ot 
4091232 The Workshop 
AOMIN ■ An Meal oooortimify to 
move mm a more adrainMUra- 

younq and brtgnt SI w - re 

CtoBlWL c&ooo. CPU 408 

MMdiaten Jeffers Recruttmeat 

Die rate wttMn Un buanen AE SafTA MT* FOR MARrOKOER 
devetapmeni dep> of Dm* sub- copnetloi company, sotfh Kcn- 
rahhha* *9- Opportunity to smwm. Good typing required 
develop own area come d ies a S*anf negoiMMs. Telepnane 
photographic Ubt*ry L Lmma Beattie on 584 8205 

organnlng wyenuuons to dl- •WHTARtEA lor Architects * 

80-60 Ape 19 ♦. 
£7.900- Finesse AMMIUximMsi 
rec cans i Ol 499 91 7H 

OteUgnere Osmuawni * terapo- 
ran postnosn. AMSA Speaaiist 
RK Com 01 734 t5S32^ 

maws Inte rn at ional Urm. Wl. 
urgmlty require PA sec. Rusty 
Utorthand and good typing 
Rweds Varied and trrv biter 
owing past wmun a very lively 
company. Ring Scot Rec Con on 
Ol 437 S J44 f or I urther details 
VICTUMIA $TH 2 minutes, tntl 
company require* sec. pa to 
Bates Director 90 60 A crura 
CV A aMWy to draft letters, 
friendly -suntulaimg environ 
nw"L zy-. £6300 Link 
Appuntmento 846 9743. 



Magn*caw Antasmftvtd 

iBttdonca oppo- 
se Hampstead HaatiiZm 

gB» * 8*p awl n»L^j 



gSSSToSSt. Rm *« w ui 

Manor Bedroom 5 

Punrt nr Batroom Suttee, 
Gfft Stuns. Cattr. 

Amiable for bag 
-719L , 

Hampton & Sons 


FWw&iieD rentals 

gWjggEJWlK. LQWOOH. 6*9 
25™"^ W WW md mxtam tow n 

^WU dMUit.teUIMI 

25 1 ■■ ten tones, is — •f n m ui 1 
g waa nws, hsmmmSTm _ _ 

P“- a ewatW UE PLACE, LONDON. W2~ 

smiinsp 4 ms dm* xurnn n» wwt 1 

U t no3en ‘ 

P.R. naan. 

a sajBcnON non on* *EGt£mt 

j'fii -**• — “yg* • 

^ton place, L ondon. sun 


■■•■v :■ 


i *■ Ji 

6 Arlington Street, London SWlAl^ 


(or our ennntfeig lettings tf- 
msion. Excellent remun- 
eration package for ttia 
successful appaceme. Apoty 
In confidence. Jonathan 
| Kwn. 16 Perk Reed. Re- 
gents Parte, nwi 3PS 

01*724 3160 

t ^eo % ^nA&n 

Requires furnished proper- 
ties vi central London for 
wading companies. Please 
contact QBy Conyers. 

01 351 0821 

S 01 352 3746 A 

t . ■> 

K T 

* K“\L> 


Nwrtv KkafasM temy u*» 
ikm) hoowibI comhbs by 
mnqem l w wa i 2 bate, 
■tan tavenmnn Bantu ms. Ck. 
Cm 6asc.tL Cos Entases. Bane 
m 1 rnn 550 oh. Ere m 

9 Harley St, W1 
01-637 8471 

Sman Knensonogb Da wab Ige 
Many. Roccp. dees bn. 
teionmo. bam. C& let lyr+. 
£300p» __ 

Began ns. Lae reap. 1 dWe 2 
beds. 2 bams. 6fftts+. 

side be 


01-225 0433 

ro lct ram 

Siomom. 1 
pan. mot Mil. iLoaaoD x> 
mmcL luxury detached bunw 
tow uctang onto uotf course 
Ousouubim contemporary dr 
sign ymti i urn wr un g* 10 
copipternr m . 9 DA 2 bafts, 
super* lounge. dunng room, 
study, luxury kit > beeakfasL 
double garapr. I acre gardens, 
healed swimming pod. mm > 
year. rent £260 pw me raws. 
Andy Oaring A Bibber. TM. 
0279 725651 

oppot unity 10 ml delightful Pe~ 
noo house m Msionc retting 
Beautiful countryside ctore t«v. 
yet comrurenl Central Lonoon 
ft Heathrow, a bedrooms. 3 re- 
ception rooms, dreaung room, 
study. 2 bauvoonts. walled gar 
den. swimming pool - all for 
£1-200 out. Par further details 
01 fhn A outer properties 10 let. 
telephone stan & Mead, 
cnesitam. 0094 784*88. 

CALMS W.7 DeUghtfol 3 bed- 
rooms luxury house, fit ■ 
panwet floors, furmiur* and 
fixture* 10 a very High standanL 
modem kUchen. rose garden. 5 
nuns trom Piccadilly bne and 
shoos, available immediately 
£226.00 pw. company let 
proffered. worth tywing. 
phone Ol -579 5712 for 

MATT AM. penthouse wan tee 
roof wrrace 3 dbte oetu. 9 
bams eit sutie. ter receo. Avoa 
Immed Realty BBI 0012 

■KUNMV1A. 1 Bedrm secluded 
pied a terre rial. £200 pw- Tel: 
01-236 1341. 

rams Gras N 2 mw* **** 
let el HaL uaOo A gdnfcsecwtte 
system. £160 pw. Ol 883 *1 16 

HEMMNSTON Sunny Widen OaL 
in VOGUE MagraiwJLounge. 2 
barns £250 pw. 602 5941. 

avouch ESTATES aa eoaBy 
in rentuv and tewing tn centraJ 
London C&nuct «re new May- 
fair office on 01 -409 0394 
AVAILABLE NOW Lux ury Ba n iG 
houses. Chelsea. Kniphisbrjdge. 

BrigraWa £ 300 ^ 2 XXX»w 

Trt Burgess SSI 6136 
KAuranr ST. sws B oy*** 
ora nr imt. 3 — ds.4je 
rutty Xll Ktt. Bath Cfsow*. Al- 
len Bates 6 Go 499 1665. 
prowraeimS Jcmaww gtJ!; 
nits Pork. Matda Vate. 

Gotta Harapuead ai-606 766L 

CHELSEA brand new fl at; Qte e« 
with character A «de«h^ 
Slrws Rrc. Bdn* pch. £-** 
Pw. Co. W. 01352 6799 
PBCKLAHP S Hmaes and na» 
uumignoul iw Ooc&Mp&arnL 
Oothianas Property Cemrt ol 
488 *852- 

FLCnr ST CDS. C«y htemway 
Orpant and nr wwlio n>U» 
fttfumc Com. 

BbnyLK. 340 6968X383 6190. 

KCH i Due fled wt» 

Reeep. Rrpro fum. 12H ««• 
mgs Kit. au apuwure**- ualn 
LI30pw 493 2091 

n^DhoOCTV Wtshrt pirrsute 

gan nr rube Cili t»w. Ov~r%. 
atoll 937 OB12 Nowioeatnre. 
Uttam new Mr KIWI. 5mtn* 
C«y WE. »ew fum. Btgr. fit KlL 
pans esn. P*C 1 1 J,6P w - 
388-3709 or 388 W°2 
m«it lux long 'short wnnwM. 
i ween, l year l ’* ' 

W.T 9. Ol 936 «L2- 
Norm LONSOH 9 Wdrm n« T% 
washer MW 

glnwMS £126 pw. other* too 
627 2610 Henwsoeaioiv 

wemam mill, lot w* 1 »“*“ 

nai on upper 

iy mum. psmns OoW f» 

o.w, Ol 9*0 3616 altar 8 tun - 

SOUTMflHW SbeOTi house ruff- 
wauvr. pnooe. tuasp^“2Jr 
pan. parang. ««Spw OJJfiP 
6*7 2610 MOflWtCCTtOrt Oil 9. 
937SSS1 Tn* number wn g; 
her warn sMIting .*«* 

properties mi <**> SS igSySK? 

London areas £i60^£SWX»pw 
Its. COMM WIT see»<Whtw«>; 

ertles ut petf to*® , gj£ 
CA8BAN A ewSi EE l£*V* 
Aoentst 01-989 MB*. 


»£1iSW fc ' , “' 

^?h£S ML? 0 * « 

u buck. 1 bed, i mm 
}.Co_Utt- £250 PW. 


|£Qapr to,,B0BCD 

01-730 8682 



NOteMrs hhul «rtt • 

: k>wac f tesrauei Nawtr dec erd 

ban Ak. 2 dbn bach, ipma 

cuphmi omce nr on. 


I UnbgiMaiMUte turn, t 
MW Md mi arite. snower rtn, t 

BBS pw. Long M to 

I OMp. 

wvnui ofhcc 413 am 

Douglas & Gordon 

Stem SflssL S*1 Litfst and 
«M newly modemssd Wi Floor 
FLAT ami ibwH nows ow 
cownsHl wans. 2 enrenunh 
creng raca^ra (dams, 2 double 
tearooms. Hr bamrooms. doak- 
Footn, ml porter. Long M. £S5tt. 

MspBs Sbsst. SW7 Ntraethe 
tege penod FAMLY HOUSE. 
Now 3-6 moofits. EBSO. 

01-730 0666 



Supers newly decorated A 
furnished luxury 3 dU bed 
apurtmenl- £310 pw. 

Miller & Moss 

01-624 1691 

-■BUR I J*M6S 

■ 31-235 8®T 

*rt 2 befl. 2 rwa i 

S‘T1«te'X37513t/CHW H. 
POKT ST S«1 3 bMfc 2 nw H « 
2 teds. CH/CHW BC. Mr. 
KBBDffiTOfl MR M tell 3 
HMSk T ■ lecpt Ooag IML tt. 2 
Mtte, Hbbty ml. «na comm goa. 

M7 2 

recWS. kd 


Smart' 1st' Bocir Moony - fl« 
hawng a double recaption. 1 
double bedroom, ktaiwn 
and bath. Vary conwnlentiy 
beared naar Soane Square. 
£32$ p.w. taaodmg dafly 
maid semca. Company Let 

RING 01 -235 -9927 

BAVSWATEH « W2. Stunning 
3 DM rw wtot tuber* views 
mee path. 2 races. 2 both it an 
mud ff ML Wt. Av*8 now- 
Long Co lei- £660 pw. Sonnies 
S Cb 361 0077. 

CHELSEA, SWS urvrty I bad fiat 
lust off Kings Road, light, 
bright recap o/l gardens. Lge 
bed wtth rn-suite taut -shower. 
New kit £17Epw. Cool** 828 

gnus nr nai S dbte beds, bath 
n suite. Sep Piwr rut. Megan; 
rec. fl kit + math. Gdn. Avail 
now. Go let 6 . 12 mmn a- gAOO 
pw. Soames * Cb 351 00T7. 

urgently reouuv Cats * h«*« 
in central London from £1 SO » 
£2.000 pw Pteaie calf Sally 
Owen or Lorraine CarasOeS on 
01-937 9684, 


otS* mid. MW* "**£■ 
executive*. Long * shorti lea im 
au aw Unfriend * Co. *8- 
SoSSSeSt Wl. 01-4995334. 

wEsmtmnsre Luxury red. a 
bed*, recep. Mn nn. auter. 2 
bams, lot an mpcnine*. a vail 
June tor 3 mo 2““ L J *£$S c * ,w ' 
Gavm Cowper. SSI 8732. 

FlAJUAPS. zra ra- 1 bMBdWPfW- 

Sunny asrecl- Free 

CM. CllOPW. Tet:Ot 731 600* 

After 4 pm today. 

Mlfl 3 bed. furo ine- OCh. Odn. 

COJLW. A ' aU SST a ^ b2WL^ 

£146.09 P.*V. TH5&4 &2XJ*- 


nedrm fi^ontong 

froth £I 7 Spw. T#t 637 16WB- 

W1 1 bed. 1 r«*9- * '•'S' 
fusoraSStea !«*■ or *«prt I**- 

£130 pw. 01 


*^^^aeek,»9 goodJPjaUiy 

ntW Waiting 

central London ter wmuwi 

totng^trt^htg ^93 7 9ft Bt| 

■EMlMKr ST, SWS Ewefleni 
value* Gro und nr hal 
OM River 3B« fc L^ , iS«2S: 
TF KH Private Ctm. 

Gavin Cowper 01-361 67Se 


RgL washing rearttlne. »rv«- 
new decor. S 2 

smoking. » ressHi ng «■ ^ 
£]20 PW Ol 

zPzr&'T as 

f 3 **' . ?? . Aixbur now. 

luncsbtngs- , 60444. 
ciiflnw. ALM- Sramea ww*- 


■SToST dm H6 anting rm. 

nwT a s ail now. long! 

njUUM 8-C h«»»» 

naL^seatii J? 



House witn rM*J 5 J 



weeW 6* 1 «**»• 

s£^jr« w 36,0 

CpeS 7 (W W* 


v - / — n i- ^ i n f. mia i . — ^ 


I A spaooBS gmuod floor two 
bedroom flat stoned hnhum- 
tofariim overtookins.J 
wi CbrenOB. [are rap 
Iroob, khebea double & sage 
pabo. Aval now on tong 
I Id £150 pw. 

! PteSco Office 81-04 9998. 

Completely refi i rtiiih c ri mewsl 
house: three bedrooms (2 doo-l 
btes ft t attgfe) I batttfflom.1 

fbuakhSL am. Modem for-l 
imbed £325 per week to i 

AmarillaGolf & Country Club 


Fairway V3h» — Four Owner* 05J5O • DeSacbcd Fafawra VQbn £3,750 
Fair w s y Apanmcms From Only £22^00 

or pest Jdmre ft— Fi Mm-. virws. 
*rt— Aw^pii?, yyj; 171 * 1 ? 

(no# n be coofiacd «ah Saa Mqpid 
Golf CdutkI ■ AdgkrCnarea 
raKL *iB be the boa and nxm 
WpbiWital ibdipod 3 tfac 
Cray Uuxbaod vfll offcr a top: 
tdcC&ao aTapxtmcaa and ciQa* U 


PoD aatmeetBcn ate t-nw*g -fw-w. 

Itupeaxa ftsftsctery eetkcrl 

ee Said 2M, CUgi ftoau. 3*01 

mtaetam, BS 10T. 0BM4S TBS (31 tuan! 
m 38H. H4» 2M/7W* [» boon) 

Kermcitr Turnur 

«n. Smart 1 tMMraed CMsn Fbl MWte B iota + EOT p«. Co is. 


W-'teMv UK aw— I *1 pray me teed inert. 2 mi bate. M 
Imafuatf, wept, Ipi re, 2 bates, tal 1 yt 1+1 £3» pp. Co Ml 

01 584 2531 . 


Abim oraped floor flit aolt- 
abte unfafead ut Aaya t Larea 
Itecepom Raora, Dsmi Room, 
Lvoe tantey nchan. 3 dote Seo- 
ttxxm Drassng Room & 2 
bHtems SffStm. 


Stoma grand Doer Rrt. Sttt»o 

Room. Dmg Room, Dbla Badmt 
•to DHtmom ett-HHe. 3 smgn 
Bedsit® 6 xbi&xal Batetm. 
Ktatte/Barti Rtg S tudy Use n> 
Oomnml 6*dags.HBH 


wasu. sm& ughr& ragam 
studio M on. 1st Rr of donung 

nM tea . iii d nnln ndn.Bn 

?Tfes. B M»°ra p„. me 


tomranut ml i Era*- 
tan tacasw re*t by HanodL 
Out ! btOrm m on 3rd dr of 
4 2 
tints. £180 p.w. Stem Ibl 

01-631 5313 


- Jsztmi 

EtMkH mttai oesflped ted floor 
U. 1 1BM DM. dbta men. fl tat 

t arn ras p*. _ 


SSteoui meuteeO top Hoar tta. 
SOedi. Mtey toted w. (tee rntm. 
Ml CM tec. £350 ml. 
Stureeg ramtem conpktab 
nhrtsoid. 3 tode. dbta mcpL A 
to. 3 toOte . rerae. £375 pm. 

HOfreosc puce »i 
Samoan of mtso m»w datpra 
2 bed ltd d Betamne web ttta 
2 bflta, fit, and tomes. 



ftdjrnH6 £ifio ml 
W -hte 2 bad 
r/ganfon; £250 pv- 
HttffSTEM kK2lMdftaL £180 

'"lama letthig/ 


TEL: 01 6079381 

HEMtV ft HUMS Contact u» now 
on Ol 2368861 for me best se- 
lection of furnUted flaoi and 
houres to rent m KmghMbrtage. 
henuitelon and ChM* 

LAWSON > HOteflAH OteJoaiata 
6 execuiivee urgently seek 
Quality propertta* 6» ad central 
/West LoMoite** Forteum- 
Uon PKWW nap 01-938 3*26. 


Urgently remareflM* A houses 

. bi central Lon*» froro£i30to 

E2JX30 pw. Piettee caU Sally 

Owen or LommeCemigbefl on 

01-937 9680. . . 

KM-ireK, W«t Ehd/ Oty. 

Attractively mm In teal ran- 
. tral. tecaboo. Oty to- te te- Sep 
turn A wl Perfect forCHyaxec- 
Otixe. PBB * porter. Or Wt pref. 
£126pw. 24« 7353. 


farmhouse. ouMOe Ml vraage. 
steeps ia S*e»ert» vw wy aw kn- 
mmg pool 16 wta l«m «*• 
ear. AvarteMe unifl 20 June 
06448 241. 


nkxbswd uoiraned 2nd noo> 
flat m no»M block starad ei 
Stone SttoL 3 oedmoai double 
mmooru ttetan. 2 toflag n n a (1 

emutet-CH/OW. 1-2 yre.Cn. to- 
£650 pw. 

belgbmm. a doigkM mem- 
mm3 lean ski and in m 
ereotent toemn ckw to Brtgme 

" .3 

1 jnjJtos. £«0 pw Ml ( 


maaenosod ltds MsUk in tttt 
paputo Sane. Bote hew 2 
Beams & ztotemoas. 

toe contte oa SeourtmoL . Use ol 
:Saure gartens ml Tom Com. 
1-3 yqi From £550 pm. 


maotsv newnterantaPB 01 ora 

1 BMtao a Jtfk • Mr 
G Stoeae XL SW| 

.. . «H35 4M1 


PMriMWna Farttke— I. 

WS1 . 


MagnfMent views Drtm 
tins 3rd/4lh door mate. 3 
Bedmte. 2 Bstflrms. Recep 
on 4ib floor wtm roof oor- 
raoe. Mod FF KU/D4nlng 
Ana. CD LeL 1 yr+. 

229 9966 



Me have a superti selection 
o! persottflUy ktspectad tur- 
nterted end untundshod 
pkopsttieBfn msrerltea ReaF- 
dsnM districts, ranging 
flan £150 p"MD£2J)00pw. 

Tet 01-486 8926 


IjNsedy- d B Corahtrt „ preshge 
ortum 1st in nbJL 2 Recaps. 
3 Bads. 2 Bafts. Now KUchen, 
Now Catpots A Curaira 
ttwbughouL Lmga. rooms. 
Company Lot.l yoar ndn. 

Lonng c 

-Tot- 373 4821- 

* 848 4271 

Limner HOUSE to M. London 
47 mots. Haywards Heath sta- 
tion i mile, immaculaie period 
houee. 50 meows from UmHIeld 
Mgh Nul l 4 beds, dress rm. 2 
lux new bouts. I en nutie. 3 
recess, new aWmuk kitchen 
Carden of 1 acre. 1-2 yoar WL 
£326 p.w. tec of gardener. Co 
let preferred TttO 0447 2649 

HMfl 8trM- hiBy funueMd 
luxury flat to let superb oati 
uon. 3 bedroom*, double 
recepOoei OacUtg southL Imge 
knctien. 2 betthrotaw. atjaUoDW 
now for A months. £326 p.w. 

-Graham Nell Ol 247 3639 «tay> 
• 01602 2662 unentegw. 

RmtoKLunyy 1 bed ro omefl 
flat., fbaltonp <w aw 81 fteuto. 

- Bank, luhe and main me Ba- 
nana..- Exclusive . entrance, 
rertaahi porter, lift*. TirtefuHy 
decorated and fundshed. col 
T.V. etc. AsBiabie from 9 June. 
iComfmtico oofv) .1160.00 Per 
week Tpeg. TH O l 604 8805. 

OHOSMTl Very ouleL beeu- 
ttfuUy interior designed, newly 
modernised 2 bedroom M wtth 
duty fitted kUchen. dtntnp 
room, ettttng room, bathroom 6 

cloakroom 6 email paUo gar- 
den. £276nw. POilUP Andrews 
01-486 6991- 

Overseas Property 

SKtetMIfl naked Vffla- 3 beds. 
2 *; batna- MaonteoM tews. 
Phono, hrandww. Stertrect 
with owner Pts 17^0a0000l- 
311 HOO dev- 

Fuew t tro tn 3 bed vi lla with 
Kidney shaped pool £70000 
0758 860293. • 

FABULOUS penthouse beamed 

Iran* Martwna. Share rote 
sue by owner. Ms 104090X1 
. Ol 317 8068 eves 
MlfYEB UHBEMILV reoirtrs- 
aparimefii or mu m LanartM 
aportugu. Tet ^0845) 68911. 



BungilEMHG 1*3 CXKft. ft* 
Mwd 6 fumshaa Guden 6 
2 Ewsntsng pexx*. portong. 
excefcnt return on rsnong 
Purchase area Momdawu- 

opor mm E 21 . 0 W). 

. c < ««■ "*• Dartd Mm 

01 959 3850. 

Panne. FuMy furmsned suxw 
won kittneneoe. aampoaoi ana 
large ter a non- Swept UP to * 
3 wwt mi ng- pool- aar.- near 
beach. LtoGoo. viewing can 
. no grn mtff a.' tObaSj 76*326. 

SBHOteCA. S-ataar.' 2 Mem. f-r 

viua. n me. BUJOdmJo secluded 
am. m l«w. rtt-'aii awn. 
So«» Tet: 0742 48W9UWI 

in Menem.. Please mephone 
01937 4274. 


MUS-OF-WKMfTi certagr good 
position 200 yds'-ycto m. 
d'wsv. garage apace perch, nail 

3 bed: b M l Ml tense room 




Nl Apanmuus 

& villas ton £16.960. 10 mins 
front me afroort. excedutrnai- 
idcs W. beach . Mnmt - bowls - 
note - 2 4QH rooraes and raueh 
more. T«l l24 hni Ol 938 2616 
Or 021 -645 7026 - 


6W ntMuSt Elegant CddMry 
house. -3 ottos, toe rtWng room. 
kHcfm. Doth, xv wt a lowing 
-Mns Kh twmnier- house. Ml 
- am* beaunful views. Ready 
immed. . ommoon. fhld. 
£39.606, Write Sadler. Aaoties 
B2120 LavtL dr phone 01033- 

l But Cettl. 
Martens hods* factno fountain 
in wine village- 4 dm bedrooms. 
Iff. hauiroont* toe beamed liv- 
ing rm. -filled ftawly u>- 
Cdn /courtyard. Car emry. 
£63.000 TM 010 33 66 SO IS 
69- Engttth spoken. 

f. Lovely 0M 

house tn nut no vtoage. 10 tons 
from ft Trope* (MtmSIw 
meats, mower rm. 3 wrt 
mime*. rre.IXU. Teteptione 
Ol -868 6697 -evenings 

TO BUY Ofl TO KRT m rranro. 
. upas, houses, no fees, etc 
WIW io r N i. Rueterweg 4T. 
DoODO Fraitctorl • R.f.a 

J6WI FRANCS 1- A snt 
. Vineyard r A npsii Mjuit Bor 
dsamr Sunenor -- 2S acres widr 
20 Km of Vines. A lame 
wmenouse wtdi esanent mod- 
ern vuimoanon coinpmenL 
wnw Storage lanxs and a sun- 
suotM stone house- Pnce 

A40JDOC7 for" the 'Lite flfcfgs.- 

or £ 60.000 as a gangwtmcern. 
plus n» wme to slock FuU par- 
ucuian ITOm- Bailey- Ambler 
btiemaHoiMU ‘P O Box 21. 

• Omnium NG31 600 Tel 
0*76 62526- 

5W OR SUMMER. Ouahty ante in 
H Salute New from £ 20 . 000 . 
RCN France 0727 57566. 


^ine an exclusive resort, just 70 minutes from Geneva . . . Sunshine . . . skiing 
eating . . . sw immin g . . . golf. . . horse-riding . . . superb restaurants & shops. 
International schools . . . all set in wooded slopes with stunning mountain view. 
All this - and more - you will find at VHJLARS - a historic village with 
a sophisticated yet vfrJtfr friendly atmosphere. 








_ 1 1 AM-8 PM 3RD AND 4TH JUNE. 



HILARY SCOTT ltd For details and appointment: 

dUUimrUctaPoadRoadWcst, bnmobffierodc YBan SA, 

Loodea SW14 7JX pTB 1884 VHara, Swtetapd. 

THq ft ra r- S HOT 6SSS E3 Tetephow BIB41 2S/3S3S31 

Tries 927828 mAM Tries 454213 GESE CH 

M \KI , ,i:i li A 


C Enpotr oar kratk-n. oMkn Md onr-i aeons an> aHmuuw irfoo- a-rKuna 

We offer ibp pay ol maiointwr ana xonii u as apaiUKtiL wild me uurpeMrno 1 rwttoncmv. 
aid vwj ol Uamrlla's Ot-oi ippMim tururv t 

Pnoa Wr spaooui 3-5 Ixdnris. 37“ haiMnun hiLm »ni pnvaie ».t an) toprrwi 
teMtaapM oarama Iiwb Pi* 38 an lawn* 03uj uui to Pun 4S mm uppnn. cm qmji 
F ar lull lommuiiMi anuai our oeieKtonriii rooiao ie ai -wr Umoon otlws - 
iH (5836 5333 WH43 [»ran. Uae. LdBOSi. UC2B5TX Vir*rnBit>n.-.c3a pr arraagro. 

- Akennn»iy.aptwiiryr*iiivisiiib-<uirdiTprili- nfaninidrCaaioiao ,i 
on UteNllaMe *r«ily odtimhp Howl bon FVpe - miboIj loUu* Up i Cltboes ooeo 
Monday inrooM Sanday. TH MarwHla 7733W or 773fl It 



Alnxnrions development of houses 
and apartments ovmiookiiigthe sea 
and Albofedra in the heart of the 
Algarve. Prices from £ 39^500 freehold. 


SI Sl Gem# Street, LeodonWIRSEA. 

Tek 01491 »77 (eveaiiigs 

8ndRwhait»-fl9» 443SB4). 




Laxx^ Menaced ^aitinexite, 

in quiet, dviliaed 




SUNDAY 25 th MAY 11*30 am: 5pm 

HIGH street; weybridge, surrey 

0562 8 S 5181 

CAP flOMT, cure D'AZWOEi 
Choice of two nverh vteo on 
private domain wtth superb 
vttwBbf the medtHrroiiean and 
excwHenl vmchtloa martoa dote 
M hand - from 700J00O FF. Tel 
J M WeKh A 600 . area 
Dmunow. CteX 0371-2117. 
SW France. Land, rural <w- 
mom- fla*> at a> >Hni 
Maintenance and letting service 
BvaUabte. Oetttto: Brta Rote 
<07321 .361116 36 IBM or 

850438 levantngH. 

ORaflUP (Near ST. Tonal Ru- 
<ho A bathroom tint floor 
balcony, funumad. own enone. 
rural coertata Ourntbon. to 
nuns mx. C 2 O 000 net. Tel. 
Colltewood 94 43 29 30. 
OBTB'D*AZUte Sir. Maxhne fur- 
ntslted. flai '6 raas Ml/aam toe 
UKonjr; mm pool. FF525.000. 
aha uudlo flat stnular fbcffiiles 
FF2 6PJOOO.tOH.daB 1870 
PERMKMOLCnancus-.vUa. Met- 
are woodland. 4 toon*. ofOces. 
baicaroet. patto. ad oerv.. fum. 
4 eouwed E 3 S.OOO. 

TrfcOI 03664 >5825 (Lnghsh*. 
VAR outri linage to man tea 
and Lr Lavamtou. newty 
modemaeO IMs. 2 rms. K&B 
A19BOO or £26.600 Ol 935 
3393 or 065628 658 
amrrjufY, Ooraomw * scum 
Selection ot propertl«4. eotlaoes 
to chateau* frm Elo ooa Bro- 
chure 01-486 2733 (T) 

LOT, STONE HOUSES, bams, an 
under AKXDOO Cotouhoon. 
SiurkgoMUL Anwhar. CSS 
7DH. Tel OIO 33 65362826. 
hand PKxed properties m rural 
trampjuiiy. Barbers 381 0112 . 


CMK Outstanding pbti of H 
acre in CA F uswiTi. 6 mins from 
came. 300 m from sea wun 

nugntficem unstrap m* we**, 
water. Efectncxv Phone. Mutt 
he seen. Deuab direct from. 
Cam or Camp. Dcthn I Ccspe. 
Aucame. Sum. Tat: OIO 34 66 

- *83 27 96. - 

MVHi .flPAflL' vUs. 1 acre, 
irm pom. view. 4 dM arms . 3 
fun othrtns. 2 lucta. 3 in mg ar- 
eal. SWar water heal.. 2 
nrecfam.-.tob loeauon. pmme. 
rar. Good renal mam. Caff 
bnRi area code 66. Tri-' 
793928. Write B OUvar Va-b 
as. javta lAJreamn Strait. 

Mims rea« itow to msve into 
or own to your own spec 
Cltoove from huge uMUn at 
flats and vuias on entire coact 
or ntand. Front £16X900 to 
ItlM 2 fre® Brii* If you buy. 
York Estate. 81 -82 Crawford 
Street. London wt 724 oasn 

MOKArtlA spurious terraced vfl 
las oenuMully Unoned. 2 beds. 
2 baths, knehen. ihing dtaung 
area, toe terrace, gdns. pool in 
deffriitfuty seeing. £28.1900 
Drlath direri from: Casa He 
Canto. Cube Detfm 1. Calpe. 
AUrante. Spam. Tel. OIO 34 66 
83 2796. 

Farmhouses, wun large areas ot 
good awmi Rival land. The 
Hnca of your drrontt. OetaUs 
direri from: Oeti de Camp. 
Detftti I Calpe. Alicante. Spain. 
Tel. 010 34 66 83 27 95 

Hamogton Orange Ltd. straply 

1 be best. For brochure and 
more contact international 
House. 149 153 SI Neots Rd. 
Hardwick. Cambridge. Tel 

0994 211644. 

COSTA BLANCA. Luxury 9 bed. 

2 bathroom vula. Terrific 
views of Med 6 mountains. 
Many extras, tori, swim pool. 
£56.000. Tet. 0226-869995 af- 
ter bom. 

MARBCUA Attractive “2 bed 
room fully funu&ned apartment 
with balcony m chmee ar*»a. 
pool A gdns. BARGAIN AT 
£59.000 Tel: 0784 38399. 
MARBELLA on Guadalmtna Alta 
god me. new lux aoartmenL- 
Bbeds. 2 baths, oarage £72000. 
TeL 0101345277118a 
sales avaiUMe. Considerable 
sattow on IMS Genuine rea- 
son tor sue. 01 «46 3*81 
lounge wner. w r .Mm. . aieme 
kit. pabo gnn 0532 576 469. 

Y’:' PRICE '6 f*FERsM 

The last ranranlng ttoaks at 
out Ituggiy Buccosstid Anna 
Martrab timeshare rasort 
ora (wng ousted of dis- 
counts olup to 50 por cart. 
A once only payment buys 
you a luxunous urn storey 
six person vtls wdh FULL 
2003. Five mnns from jet 
set Puerto Banus. 

June /July/ Ai ml list £5,500. 
Ctoarancte 0750. Christ- 
mas/ Now Year list M.SSO 
clearance E2J250. 

Free star world wide ex- 
change .jnsmoerarip pij. 
“ also awidabte in 
Portugal and 


in South of Span is looking 
for exclusive representative 
for United Kingdom to sell 
apartments, villas. Bunga- 
lows. Plots, sites lor 
business etc. Conditions to 
ag tee. Contact 

. mn mnnujutu, 

HMticeetro Agsadnlca 18. 
agaadfl ic e JUaeria Spah. 

room. 2 bathroom t-nu. ckw* io 
town.- Swimming pom wtut 
pown- i*l ’f aero of l»«m and 
garden, wide done arched ve- 
randa wild nUfpnficeiH ihwf 
over volley pbutled in almonds 
and tines. £79.000.T*I-010 


Agenls in Cbtialuna needs 2 Es- 
tate Agents to Britain, on* to 
London Qiy ana one In Man 
Chester or Liverpool, tor 
exclusive vale of high category 
Chains on Costa Brava APPty 
Promtar. Avcruda de Madrid. 
36-28. Barcelona. 06028 

COSTA DEL SOL - Marueda. 
wear Puerto Bonus. Alona and 
Las Brtsas golf. 2 bed flat, fully 
furnlrtted and equipped Direct 
sale by English owner. Musi be 
the best bargain in Nueva Andu- 
luria at £26X100. Tel. 021 643 
1688 iBoMnecol. 

ant vtBa panoranur ceiwsJrtch. 
d.-rm. Inge -library. 4 dbl bed. 3 
bath, wine fell, lacuzat. tod gdn. 
uU rat. swtntndhfl pool, land- 
scape gdn. a c. gges. £246X100. 
T«L-0305 84769 

5. Lux 

got den apart. Now ready. Typ 
B. 2 bed. 2 both, lurnl&hed. 
£7£AOO. 102761 682391 

COSTA DEL SOL. We have toe 
fines) selection of apartmenls. 
villas, bars front £20.000 Reg 
office in Spain EmibIi-spm«- 
tog Directors Flights 4 
mortgages arranged. Good af- 
let- -sales service. All formaline* 
attended to. Ring: <0S3Si 

561681 (24 hrsi or wnlr to 
neither* of LetonlM-. Soanuei 
Property Speriohsts. 69 London 
Rood. Leicester 

COSTA BLANCA (marine Bvtog 
to a luxury villa of your rhotre 
i wttn brig from our arctmectsi 
to mins up above from Calpe 
with Incredible sweeping sea 
View from toe manna al 
Moral ra to Calpe Details from 
Burners: Cab de Canto. Drifin 
l. Came. AUcame. Spain. Td- 
OIO 34 65 83 27 95. 

ley DrttghUUI SUxUn 16 2 
be d roomeo ananmem* and to- 
dividual chalets for sale to the 
historic Aran Valley. Excrtisil 
value from £12.000. Close Io 
Nauonat Park. Conua MMI 
Properties Lid. 114 Anertey 
Park. London 6E20 8NU. Ol 
676 9106 124 hrei 

smlng ol S beui in*. 2 nuums 
with coloured suHp. He fuHj- fir 
klL He lounge. 2 sun lerraces. 
pool. Situated by toe Andetuna 
Ptaaa HOW- 5 mins walking tus- 
lance to Puerto Banus- ill teat 
offer of £36.000 secures, tet 
041 g&4 8071. 

L-ESCMA Exclusive 2 bed api- 
Fuuy runt Own Pool. Beaches 
£16.760. Tel: 0273 203352 



vm enow le ouy « tai^Wn bom Esraoe'i nwnoor ana imostraa 
A once poh imreni bins you • tuujry s» ponon «tt Im iw ilb 
ot nsrane Bnxm Pu* nBW turn CuittHMy. A wo* raegt ri Free 
cut ft* anpMd By you ana RW tamy raxtsig gert ana tav I 
mamunna) of urarert eaamraoraf ewi anBw yw to nMnioig 
raaore bwfaf Brad iwl me won a. 

* AML (UAIWHCE PrilCt tUP% pto* VAT 

(S es. 


\ net 


- -her Mte atetbH fl 

at our oftsr resorts In Spain. Portugal 

__ . Look tjo ttfftnST enjoy 5dttar raefty today at prom 

you can aflOrtL Jon me many trtowwnas of GSKfted (amBes who 
own Guff Leisure masbare. ftterestwl 1 ? Join us tor a FRffi lunch 
with wane, without oMganan (al often doss' 31.5.86). Free loan 
video otter (£955 deposit) 

Ktsastir (0227) 831701 




Far sdfl 300 Sfl M 9i tin 5« 
m# ct Bsgm Ssn Mwo 
nea Cndnoano & Mem 
Anwa. 6vae, eemm. esraai 
iHttflo.uwweeR LmJfi 
akve grow tor ID8DD SGM 

For dial Htaa DID 38577 

872817 (Emngt ottrt- 

none and cement to the last 
unepoill coast of Roly-. Slone 
farmhouses near sea. with su- 
perb views towards 
Capri Post Laim Good cumolr 
an year. 1' - noun Naples air- 
port. From. f62.nno Can oi- 
493 9586 


"Miradaio Par-cue-. The key to 
successful Umeshanng m Spam. 
For brochure con Lari Horting- 
ton Grange Ltd. fnlernauooal 
House. 149 1 S3 Si Neon Rcl. 
Hardwick. Cambridge 0964 


ILOANVE. New luxury 
umeenaie apartmcnL 

vuamoura End of July one 
wren to Perottinly. Golf, man- 
na. ntunQ. mutts, beaches etc 
£4 996 Tel 10935) 20205 

eves weekend* 


acre seaside vtlugr wtth O P p . 
£49.000 Tel. iQ304> 373782 


Vauciuse 2/3 bed 
bouMvcocuge wanted to rent 
for 1 lo 3 months or longer 
front June Teroi 573 5358 

seasiolMctae tt ttta 
reridaees •»«»<«* 
(fleams tnektamfesnffB 

Piece ccriod witi OEtafe 
Coop e cton, 




Far Ouvtt) or sefing your home 
■e merge i RAT FEE ri £200 (+ 
VAT & OBDutsemaX! 

DBS ill £100.000. 

■males aver £?G 

01-472 2652/3 


Sherlock Property Finders 
Will find you your Ideal 

Ring 373 9994 
Mon to Fri 94 pm 
Ring Katy or Gillian 

8CLOTE MRK NW3 Magntfl 
cent pent bouse mauonefte. 45 
n lounge. 3 4 bedroom*. 2 
bathrooms, potto terrace -Musi 
be seen 98 year lease. Fird 
tone advertised, private ale 
hence £350.000 Tet. 01722 
0968 w e 01-405 1310 office 

Well maintained vtctorun tore 
hse 3 dble bedrari. Ill 
kit - diner, tnro Inge, taut garden, 
balhrm. 2 WC. shower en s. 
balcony poUol shed. £87.900 
TH 01-992 7660 

CHELSEA SW10 Marionette 
■F/Hi Bright soacMHis A newly 
Decora led. 3 dtU beds, lge 
BaUirm. dM living. Ctoakrm. 
liil /Bhfasi- Bor Planiung- per- 
mission (or ex brdrm 2 baths. 

.Bam Quick Sale essential. 
£179.000 Tet OI-37395JI1 
■DLL TOLL HW7 Detached char- 
arier house in tree lined Rd. in 
on mac condition. 4 Bed 3 
rerps. 2 lux (wro <t en State*, 
lux kH/Dlner. Guest WC. GCE. 
£149.980 Tet: 958 7370 
IMMACULATE large Victorian 
house in Ealing. Luxury ground 
noor ftai. garden. 3 flats up- 
stairs. 365.000. Soace ror Extu 
Tel 996 3567 

CfTY. I bed flat Large recep. UL 
haUi. Ufi A porter CasCH. 122 
yr lease Low oulgotngs. 
£87 500. Tri 266 0176 
ISLE OF 0088 Lux. Convectlenl 
1 Bed rw ALL appliances me! 
Nr River. S/Facmg. Parking 
£69300 0(10 Tel. 01 228-8306 




3/4 bed magnlftcent 
mews. 2 3 battirooras. 
garage and etegani large 
double recepoon room. 
Use of Cadooan 
Square 'Place gardens. 
Refurbished lo very Mgh 
standard by interior de- 
signer. 74 yr lease. 

Tok 01 9*7 6028/ 
01-235 0627 

LOWNDES SO SW1. bntnac 
2nd floor Rai 3 beds, recap, 
dmg. HI. baft, shower rm. 
New Ol £385000 L/H. 
New refurb ground floor flat. 4 
beds. 3 recep. kit. uti 2 
baths, shower if*, garage. 986 
yts. £550,000 L/H 7 
SW7. 2nd floor BaL 3 beds, 
isoep. da mn. JoL toft 
Shower m £275,000 L/H. 
New roturb ad flooi flat. 5 
beds, recep. dmg. WI 2 
bafts, shower . rm. BtL 
£500.000 L/H. 

TH: B1-581 4444 aad 712B 


Wywdhaui St Wl 

Swerttv raftitijrtlied period 
family borne with delightful 
garden. Accommodation 5 
Bedrooms, 2 reccps, 3 bath- 
rooms. gulden- 


View today 1 pm to 6 pm 

Tel: 01-724 3759 

John Moseley A Co 
tOO Cnwfbm Street 
London WIH IAN 



Supcfflhr rdarbribcvJ period 

&mil> nomc with ddiftnful 
garden. Actonunodauon 3 
bedrooms. 2 receps. 3 tastb- 
nurnc rifdfiL 


View today I pm to 6 pm 

Tel: 01-724 3759 

John Moseley & Co 
1 00 Crtwfmd Street 
London WIH UN 




Front £50000 • £500 000 Wf on 
Sjvt yog nme and effort by Mote 1 
Douse or flat » yaw saeataMns 

57/50 StaBeestef Place. 
01-488 3692 ' 

Telex 23646 



Fbr buying w gdfine your hmae 
x» cfaxra; i FLAT Ffig of £200 
(+ VAT £ Dptunroenui on 
proper! iw up nnUiOOi C-ampet- 
Hire quotn aver ElObffOO. - 

01472 2652/3 



Buying a house or an 
aparunnit in London but 
nti'i rare the time and 
el lor ■? 

Lei me specialist 
Art for you 

TefephoaetOl) 740 «SZ7 
Wen 897121 


£10,000 PROFIT 

Owner wsnes to dspose ol eto- 
, raturtMned fur n Sfln. 
. bed writ an sine bate 2nd 
-bed witn shown rm Drawg 
room win oafcony. luxury mux) 
tacnen Valued at CK5.M0 by 
vanous taaamg estae agents 
rosjaa For 

221 1473 

r naek sale 

Otnoe hrs 


Sutra* luminous nuusonMH. 
1 st ana 2 nd floors pats cranny 
ira. 4 Lramoms. wy Urge 
knenon. BHbnp room. hB »0 car- 
pats tmougnouL fuay 
fumsited. communal garflens. 

Tef 01-458 4358 



Mapifieani mlenor deagned m8- 
sosmm n tree toted avenue 4 
beds. 3 tuffl. segue. 50' reept 
flAf «MP Bosen taUTOctmy. m- 
ute mo/gm «# dncractess 
onto 3 acre cam gdn. Vww today. 

01 280 





f it 10V to POO 000 3x9-1. 

II 1 7% tn E2ULOOO. * +■ 1. 

@ m D £ 120 . 000 . 3h x + 1. 


3b KHitaOteB Hi. SW7 3ES. 
01-225 2377. 


Delightful Mews house 
occupying 2000 sq ft on 
gnd, 1st & 2nd firs. 3 
beds, 2 baths, huge 
drawing rm, diningrm. 
family rm, kitchen, dks. 
33 yr Ise. 

Offers £350,000 + 

01 631 0997 

Cf«S WICK W4. off Hartntghxi 
Rd. fully mod corner bo ure. 
many character featum ret m 
rend acres motive gait on 
pmlignu riverside devefoo- 
mem aoorox 20 yrvago. 5 beds, 
both, ett-xaie strwr rm. draw- 
ing rm. dining rm kit. cloaks, 
full G.C H.. gge. crnnm gdns 
Leasehold 990 yr*. £149 960. 
Quick sale required, no Cham. 
Tet- Virion A Hint oi 878 


FLATS. ProsUgxilB 5 year Old 
development bum around a 
yaou manna. Adlacem toSyon 
Park and overtooklng Uie River 
Thames wiih Kew Gardens be- 
yond. I u 4 bedroomed flats 
currently ovaUabto £46.000 ■ 
£110.000 srtwyn Estates: Ot 
560 6060/7070. 


Max unusual I bed L sitaoed 
‘country collage' surrounded 
ny huge gdn lull of trees (lowers 
and birds, with lge del srudio 
F F WL open fire. All windows 
actio gan. Charm galore V 
close Tumnam Ora lube. F H. 
£142.000 lor outek sole. T« 
01-994 BOM. 

CfTY EXECUTIVES and famines - 
Freehold block al itori. dose to 
CHy. ut (eshKmaMe area of In 
tens! io nmwtote* wishing to 
purchase entire block Freehold. 
14 nais All flats funy [toed A 
equipped to high standard Oc- 
cupation available July 1 986. 
Tel: 491 0397 

IIAWWilll PWm W4L St Prfers 
Square coraervotton area Peri- 
od nouse of great character. 2 
lovely reception rooms. 2 bed- 
room*. kitchen - bathroom and * 
sunny garden. £1260300. Eve- 
nings A w ends 01-748 4917 
days oi-9oO 0468. 

UTTLE VENICE. Period house, 
superbly renovate with sensl- 
Drily. retaining original 
(ealures. 3 receptions. 3 bed- 
rooms. 2 bout. German kWctwn. 
sauna, kacuzrt. ronsen atory. 
garden. L32&000 freehold. 
View Today Ol 286 0364. 

MU TOLL HUT. Good tore de- 
tached corner house ut need ot 
modernasauon. 2 Receptions 
Study- 3 dble bedrooms, kitch- 
en. bathroom. 2 separate two's, 
ecu. Detached garage Garden 
£98.950 F. Hold Tel: Ol 9S9 
4296 6-8 pm WOMCdoys 

views over the city from 3 la 
floor. 3 beds, able recxL Ml. 
utility cm. orahrm. shwrm. 
Good clean order IhrMpwul. 
121 yr be. JL196.0CO. Frank 
Harms A Co 187 0077. 

ITrett PARK aUtNSMMS Omce of 

2 very spotumu 4ih floor man- 
sion flats Each run comprises- 
4 5 bedrooms. 1 2 receptions. 

3 Bathrooms, fully fitted kiurJv 
ens. 9! yr l-es £166.000 each 
Tel 01 408 1364 m. 

MMHTSaMDae. tremc Mews 
level Hoi in prefigures period 
huMine 2 receps. ? bcOrms. 2 
turns. ifUL Ind COH. Rvumii 
Donor. Video ent phone. 997 yr 
be. £ 160.000 inc carpet! and 
rurtams. 01-228 097 1 


L'ntnoatrmsfd south taang Vd 
floor nal 4 Bed*. 5 Baths. 2 
Hereto, kitchen. Lone tease 
p b Mock LUI. C219.CW Can 
«rn Cvum ScUe April!* 636 
5000 or 631 0111 

lo buy can be a full ume M- f 
uilf da the looting for VOU A 
imd VOU lire best prwrlv al the 
best possible price Please mow 
Claire Hershman. 22 o 9218 


4 beds over 20 currenUv av«a- 
ante. 12 twin tunas or irfran* 
Ask Bunn & Co tor iiM. 31 

Mercian Street. SWi. Tefe- 
ptume 01-854 4571. 


Iramaruiaie ganten flat, one 
nefl ra om. Large rcccpMfl rgent. 
and rereniiy iterortkimi- 
en mning room. £87.000. Tel: 
01-703 7031 i office hrs only'. 


lanuzv house- in quel sau»»*- 
B . 3 recepliwi. 4, s beds 2 KUh- 
roonrs n en sutiri Wrrgnion 
kllrhrn. oarden A mho 79 
year. tele. £240.000. Tele- 
Phone Ol 686 7392 

WCl A real lift t 

bed flat in pap Victorian man- 
sion block oow King* X. SO yr 
he. £46 000 Frank Hants A 
Co 307 0077. 

HUUDC VALE Stunning nunvon 
flat overtooklng park. 2 beds. 2 
recep*. 3 bathrooms, tow 
kitchen. £126000. Id 01 289 

MAYFAIR 1 FLAY," 2 bed. recep. 
Ul. bout. Ch. Courtyard 
enter ante Porterage- Porting- 
980 st hr. CddST idhdiUod- 
£176 000. TH 0903 BI2 -275. 

mkbaiu house, note Recep. 3 
Due Beds. £110.000 F-H 

modernised Viet hse 2 recep. 3 
dM oeds. study. 2 balh. gdn. 
£126 000 01-741 7759 

FULHAM. Sunny roof terrace. 2 
Bed flat modernised, spiral 
staircase ' CH. carnet*. £69.950- 
TH: Ol 370 2916 - 


Bed*. Parking- Excetleni value. 
£99 600. 01465 6086 

anytime. • 


not. in rul-ae-sac. 1 reep. 
Nnrm.iftHut. SlniRMubr. shops- 
£48.000. TH 01 740 592G 

MAIDA VALE Randolltti Avenue. 
Desumer flat 2 Mat. private 
Barden. £96000. 01-2894177. 


A ungur opportunity io acootre 
a semi dei house with return 
frontage lo Fetden Sirert iivahis 
souoni afier Don non. The mo- 
oous accom romprtrew 2 ncun 
receps. 4 beds with bain and rep 
wc Large kit. ground floor elks, 
cellar, storage and rear pbuo 
S pecial (ealures include rert-ni 
ly tiled roof . newly filled douie 
gland window* and oas 'en. 
£225.000. f . h. Tel: Mon. Anley 
MHvilte 01-736 2383. 

Superb refurnished house lac- 
ing south over canal oof lived 
in. « beds i3 dbiei wun cn-suie 
naih*. siudid or 4ih b e d im wtin 
tetrocr Garaoe. Puny Dble as- 
pect 'lounge 37-x20' Senna he 
lal 20's. 1 6' all appliance*, ai 
trartive front A rear niil A 60' 
mature gnn. FH«d. X4IS.OOO. 
Sunday 10-3 ft Eves 970 4703. 
Weekday* 493 9941. 

PARSONS GREEN Exceptionally 
wme ireehOM end of i«t houe 
wtm unirtuaMj; -secluded unde 
' garden. CompHtly refurb shed 

by mlenor designer 2 dble 

receps. dinmq rtn American 
knetren. 4 .dble bedrms. 2 lge 
' baUirms.*hOwrcnn Enormous 
dry cellars for expansion. Of- 
fers over £250.000. Eves W 
end* 736 8?26.rp . - 

genu Park i A (amity sued flat 
ot 1800 sa n.B min* from west 
End in immK order. 3 bed*. 2 
bairn. 2 receo. nned kit. diner, 
gas ch. A direct access Id lge 
mature gdn*. Long -tee 
£174.500. View today 486 
2742 Thereaner Snckley A 
hem 267 2063. 


ful oe< ached bunguow Sri In 1 ■ 

acre landscaped guns. 3 Beds, 
lux Balh. seo Shower, large 
lounge. Dtomg Room, lame 
Kitchen. unmy room, 
oarage, workshop carport 
Sertuded reuinghul adiacem oil 
anrenines. £169.500. TH; 
Bwrviow Eves 886 2216. 
. Ideal lor emertouifhq on a lav- 
ish scale 800 so -ll -drawing 
room. S funner receps. * d We 
- bed*. 3 bams, pmale waited 
garden. Dble garage 2 self con- 
tained «ai» . nal* ; Virtual 
freenoM £850.000. Alien Botes 
A CO 01-499 4010. 

Green. Excrpuonallv spacious 
upper mpioonenr in superb ei- 
der mrounnoui 3 Bedrooms. 
SbTiir Reception- 2 Bath- 
rooms. Gbs CH HC. TIu* 
property b very highly recom- 
mended £149000 Anderson 
A Co Ol 731 2064. 

MHOS CROSS. Nl. A freehold 
house for E66.O00 1 Touiiv 
unmoderrused. arranged mi 3 
floor* comprising 7 rooms A 
garden. Walking ddlanre huito 
Cross A shops- ExoeUenl opnor- 
. luruly View loday. SUcMey A 
hem Ol 559 0961. 

l«i floor Hal. 4Gfl balcony. con- 
servatory-.- 2 receptions.' fulfy 
filled krtchen breakfasl room. 
2 double bedrooms, dressing 
room, marble bathroom. GCH. 
Itfl 121 year*. £179:000. Ol 
286 3020 

MAIDA VALE, WB The ultimate 
in luxury Tha superb Oil a 
mod io the umnuic 2 dub- 
bed*. magnificent dWe recep 
lux fm kit. 2 lux both*, wc ll 
m-cuUei. CH. gardens. 100 
year*. £110.000. Brandon 
Price 431 2066 


bed. Iidly mod flaL 20' recep. 
Mi breakfast rm. 2 mod baths. 
CM* & curtains. L H 97 yr*. 
Low outgoing* Highly recom- 
mended ai £1 1 R.OOO. WUlmons 
Ol 723 2680 

LITTLE VENICE Randolph Crev 
cenl. Facing A with accegs to 3 
acre garden. 3 bed* -2 WUei. 2 
baths, recep 2 C'x 20 \ dmmg 
nail. kli. Freehold 076000. 
Sunday Open 10-3 A Eve* 870 
4703. Weekday* 493 2091. 
floor villa on popular 
auaodrangie* devehximenl. 3 
bed*. 2 bain*. 3B* recpL 2 sun- 
ny palM*. guest wc. oarage. 
£260000 289 0104 6665 

Howard EsLMet. 


cnange new 4 bedroumed 
lownhouvr £150.000 for coun- 
try house, pub. holrt or 
Pfdperry ao road or boat up to 
£70.000 * cash. AD offers con- 
sidered. 01-786 1905 
Wl DEUMtofTFUL nuusonetir in 
period conversion with small 
root terrace. 3 beds, boftrtn. en 
stole shower, lge recep. tow 
outgoing*. tonp ' lease. 
£130.000. A Hen Dates A Co. 
01-499 4010. 

modernised C F flat. Lge recep. 
lge bedrm. Ml diner, secluded 
gdn. original feature* CSS. 500 
Viewing by appouibnem E 
Hugh Henry & Co 720 1208 
FULHAM SW*. Exc wrii 
modem toed Vtctorun hse. 2 
recep*. kll brii rm. 3 bedrms. 
baltirm. gdn. ga* ch. new roof. 
F-hd £117.000. Slurgts A Son 
Ol 73*. 2223 

FULHAM SWA. Era writ 
modernised Victorian hse. 2 
recep* toi nrk rm. 5 bedrms. 
bathrm. gdn. gas ch. new .roof. 
F hd £1 1 7.000. ft urges A Son 
01 736 2223. 


bourne Terr. Charming a bed 2 
baft hse wun rutty in mi mtmsi 
rm. wf to rang rm. dble rec. 
Gdn OL F<Md I197JOO. 
VonSlon* 766 9822. . 
fll ll lH fS PARK Re-advertised 
dueioame-w-teier bayroteson- 
rttp m modern dmelopmem. 3 
■ dU bed. if bam* 2 balcomn - 
new lease. £120.000. 0I-3S7 

SWA Near Fulham Broadway on 
■minx nuoousi 3 bed mat*, 
gen. fun cpu. roof l Ready to 
mcif into. LeasehMO. 
£125X)0a A roues! 01-879 

VICTORIA SWt Ashley Gdn*. 
Quel residential Deration. *pa- 
aom GJ Fiat ? rec. 4 aed. 2 
bedrms Larne kitchen. CH. 
£296. 000. Lean i?9 years. 

Brun Dadd Ol 906 5112. 
dog*. New 4 bed town House. 2 

baft, lounge.k'il. diner, garden, 
garage only £125.000 Tor 
murk sole. TH.01 856 3159 
NWl! Lux 2 bed Interior de- 
signed flat in character n b 
Hock £75 OCX]. TH 01 289 
0104. 656S Howard Esuuc*. 
garden Dure bed baft, lge ii(. 
rec. 121 yr*. £84 950 Sunday 
Open 10-3 A Eves 570 4703. 
Weekdays 499 9981 . 

■ABA VALE. Spacious 3 bed 
wiraeri fill, excetleni local ion. 
sum family. Arert earn onto 4 
acre garden* Porterage 
£116 000 T M Ol 266 3103- 
MAISONETTE H19 Spacraus 2 
bed Hal in prrilV HreeL 2 
rrcepr. nrsp IMIurH GCH. car. 
pH*, mod kil A hath. L H. 
£69.960 01272 0564. 
Patthmu Rd 4 superb her with 
4 bed 2 hath, dble rorep 
kit dmcr. Prrilj- gdn CH F hid 
L225 003 \ a nylon* '3c 9822 
1*1 floor comersion. reep. dhh’ 
bedroom, kitchen, bathroom. 
GCH. tow "ingoings. £S o.OOO 
Trt. 01-734 5815 or 736 9196 

: of 

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Continued an next page 



- -r. “JL, 




Marsh & Parsons 

KEf-.S;.NG’u‘: OM-37 tCr ■ 

ho: l f, :< d ‘ pa rk . 01-5:3 '-2: 


Kensington, London SW5 ^ 

Ten superbly planned and j 

impeccably presented ’~~s 

apartments — for sale on .^==1 

150 year leases 


FROM £130,000 TO £250,000 -J>~j : 


FROM £215,000 TO £225,000 


ftttKT^er Life Gas GH.; rof? quality ' 

Kitchens and mmbl&aled Bathrooms; S^^Je SyE jj 
new Decorations & Carpets; Rum 
Balcony or "fciaoe to most apartments. V 


11AM. TO 7PM. 


M. TO 7PM- ~ x£ -- 

(Show Flat 01-373 9562) or apply to joint agents — 


r?4 Bromplon Road 
London SW3 1HP 
tafax 23661 WAE 



327 Smi/tam dloaJ Hiomdtm 
9>4t/0 9 dif A/. Of -352 37*6 



• OF 




Leases: 125 years Prices: £S5,000 co£375,000 

OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK 10a.m. to 7 p.m. 

327 Fulham Road 
London SWI0 - 

Tel: 01-352 3746 


5 Anderxm Street LWSbane Street 

London SW3 London SW1 

Tel: 01-225 0277 Tel: 01-730 0822 

iTfr i^Hnase^ Lower Bsigldnrij was derffipiri by IMwmlaityeBsaito fa surrounded fry* garden of prestigiOHS nature 

f - . -t c . 



to £150,000 tar 
* HRAI toeOtf m 

mhMi wwr CHMWO 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for free, independent and sensi- 
ble mortgage Selection guide. 

Financial Services 

25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 

Open anti! 8 {Mu. today 


Residential up to 75% of ptvchase price < 
valuation, which ever te tower. Status isj to 95% i 
11 % 


Other “Status" and "Non Status" loans 
competitive interest ratesc?] both residential 
commence property - unHmttad funds. 
underwriting of the facffity to be completed by t 

Please reply without delay to * 
LB (Life and Pensions) Ltd 
10/12 Exhibition Road Lomfe»-SW7 2HF 

01-225 1841 

With the Chelsea Flower Show in full 
bloom and with at least one fine day 
recorded during the past week, it is 
natural that thoughts should turn to 
gardens. If properties are bought for their 
bricks and mortar, there is no-doubt that 

ltepnrim ran pgiTMmfip 'fogfr value — and 

■detract from the value if there is none. 

It is difficult to assess -their value in 
money terms, but the London agents 
Winfcwoith carried out a survey to try to 
find oiiL The agents discovered that, in 
nearly all parts of London, except 
perhaps this most central areas, the price 
difference was much more dear-cut for 
flats with gardens than for houses, with 
garden si 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspondent 

They observed: “It is thirty safe tq say 
that the existence of a garden or roof 

terrace will increase the value of a flat by 
between 10 per cent and 20 per cent— 10 
per cent in cases where die garden flat is 
lower ground-floor and rather poorly lit, 
but where the existence of a garden can 
compensate for this, and 20 per cent 
where the flat is in a sought-after 
location, light and spacious.” 

flat with views over the heath wili cost 
about £85,000 while a comparable flat 
. without the view is worth.about £70,000. 

It should also be mentioned that the 
conservatory, making a oome bade, have 
a marked effect on property values. 
Wmkworth point out that foe outlay of 
some £3,000 piusis well spent and ean 
usually be doubled in terms of property 
price appreciation. They report that a 
one-bedroom flat in Fulham went from 
£55,000 to £65,000 with the addition of a 
conservatory which cost £5,000 to build. 

Ore sector where the garden is 
increasingly treated as important , is in 
the new homes market The days when 
the *garden* was at best a tidy bit of earth 
and at worst a builder's tip are fast 
disappearing as it is realized that the 
garden helps to sell the house: 

and have done something about ft. 

Alfred McAlpine took the matter 
seriously and spent around £40,000 to 
create a small garden at last year's 
Chelsea Flower Show — fr won a gold 
medal. Now they have transferred that 
idea info action at their Grange Park 
Place development in Wimbledon. They 
will cover fees op to around £3,000 for 
the landscape g ar d ene r s Pear Rogers 
and' Alan Sargent, who created the 
winning garden, to pro ride either that or 
individual designs for the gardens of the 
houses, which cost£245,000 to £380, 000. 

The Halifax Building Society, too, 

.««**■ . • 


/ , .... 
* r ntr*' *- ■ 

& - 

• ( /i: 

. ••• l ’’ " 

With flats there is often a small 
balcony or a roofarea which can be made 
more attractive with the addition' of a 

Fitted gardens are fast 
growing In popularity 

years presented gardens at the Chelsea 
Flower Show. 

A garden of a more prestigious nature 
belongs to Hailey House, at Lower 
Basildon, Berkshire. This is a country 

Fulbrewfc^^ Monkfon desert on 
the opposite page also fin- sale there is 
something of a Lutyens market at 

K- r- i J * 

■> .. . . 

-I * 

few cheerful pot plants of a clematis; 
with foe result that there is not only a 

more pleasant view from the living room 
but a contributory factor in the price 
appreciation of the property. ’ 

Houses present difficulties in assessing 
the value of a garden, largely because 
most have got one of some sort, and only 
reafly large gardens are likely to produce 
a noticeable effect on the price. Rather 

more obvious, say Wlnkworth, is the 
enhanced value of a property overlook- 

ing a park, private square or of course the 
river. A typical 4-bedroom flax overlook- 
ing. Hampstead Heath will cost about 
£120,000 for example, while foe identical 
flat without a view may fetch only 
£85,000. In Blackheath, a three-bedroom 

What was claimed to be foe first 
‘fitted’ garden was provided for Taylor 
Woodrow’s Abbeyfieldsdevelopment of 
.160 apartments and 49 houses in north- 
west London. The fitted garden idea has 
been .developed by Strawberry Hill 
Designs of Twickenham, who curated 
nine designs for Abbeyfidds, ranging 
from a Japanese garden, which has a 
patio, rock garden and timber bridge 
crossing; a small pool, through various 
traditional styles to a Roman atrium. 

Increasing interest in gardens can be 
seen from the example of Wares Built 
Homes, which last year introduced a 

and grounds. The Gzade n fisted house, 
built in Queen Anne style, has been 
modernized and decorated with the 
assistance of Nina GampbdL It has three 
reception rooms, a conservatory and 
eight bedrooms. . Knight Frank and 
Rutiey are asking for offers around £1 
mfllion • ■ 

fr- ; P N 

^ ■ 

• 1 - ' 

-t*-- - 

garden option scheme for rear gardens 
on a number of sires. They landscape all 
front gardens, but found through re- 
search that rear gardens were one of foe 
major areas a&complaint in new homes. 

' At foe ofoer end of the reafe Fox and 
Sons’ Taunton office is selling The 
Nursery of Munataxes, at Uton, 
Uminster, Somerset: This is tire home of 
John Constable who has pioneered a 
specialist subject on miniature plants 
and landscapes depicting rfoal English 
life. It is believed to be foe only such 
nursery in foe world. The 1930s bunga- 
low has three bedrooms and b surround- 
ed by half an acre of garden winch 
includes a 40 foot greenhouse mid foe 
dujri^arm forlhe plants. The price is 

b+rom ? !** W 
r ytB i’ 1 ’* 1 ' a ‘ - 

f j r y 0 .KL» 'U^. { — 

. ‘ j?: 'o-4;- 

L «: ac aSi. e •* :•;< 

. c3L.KT 'ta '.:4 

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Sadisms, t .* >* r 

a*r :■» ;s»! « -“ «• 

:2B*v.k * < 

SC 6" . : * -i-a 

nomtmmcz7sjooo.satto m 
m <* wa tt aa n t ta Hanl 
txwMy Hob in 9m cwst»™ 
a»*B» M*iti tltHS. m boom Ot 

» m rtw —rtin * bad*, a 
Wat. Ufiwing nn. aDtty m. 

■ dun. UMm/dOtai no. art 
CK n wn BH B. AfiUV HcrwttM 

son « 0Mcn town sniirf. ■ 
O —rt giw u ii tt 
IH WlBOiitt A may cacav* 
HonaleMinKi«rhM»eartUi IS 
aro wjU» imn l > views. HHL 
Ok*. 7T dr aw in g nn. dtanon 
nutaxu. mmor- a nte or 
bedrn. Mbrm. ms. «w- 
auwBnfl ton. For tor Dr 
Ancona. TM RaHMx Buddand 
Ayrttonv oato aa a qa. 

HU ncflnmk S/D I9B> 

C Cbamui* rttw coCa®s- 2 
OftL .a iwxn KAB. GCH. _ 
amra. mom no oacu- # 
Mm. London - 25 mil. w 
Mnto«M$tn Monas a«e 
04946 71047 mm*.- ■ 



# •> 



Millions asked 
for fine 
Gothic castle 



pr .. tyrnffiffli 

f'vjf ' • 

„ , 





* r 5*£*ntrepieca of the 1 .235 acres 
«*£» *s a magnificent Grade H Rated 

fe horn® 

wm>and a 200 acre let-farm, and the 

be requred Richard Denny, 
a “*®«s partner, ten no doubtof te 

value. ‘It sons of the finest estates to 

rame on the market m recant years,” 
no says. 

■* “ yya RMwer Little Oakley, 
near Harwich, Essex, is a converted 
former cfovch wMch uses toe 
exMng doorways and windows to 
provide accommodation on tfree 

floors. With a naw dating from the 12A 

century, the Grade H* fisted buHtfina 
has been converted in the latt 12 year*. 
reception rooms, incfutfing a drmring 
room fet what was tiie chancel and 

:• * ■+■:. .v.+. v ; 

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All is not as It seems at Monkton, a surrealist haven fen Sussex woodlands. which 
isfor sale ataroand £750,006 throngh Pfereds. 


Winchester 9 mtes; MS 10 mBes: London 88 nries 


601 ACRES 

An Agricufturei, Spotting and Residential Estate 
■ Fine Courtiy House, Good Secondary House, 5 Cottages, Good Shoot 
Modem Fanning Butidngs 

For Sale By Auction, Wednesday 2 nd July, 1986 

AUCTIONEERS: James Harts & Son. Jewry Chambers. Winchester. Hampshire 


Between Winchester and Newbury 

A Mixed Commercial Farming Estate 


Co mp ri sing : 

Middle Wykee Fine Georgian House, Com Store, 194 acres 
Breach Farm: 3 Houses, 2 Cottages, Livestock Housing, Com and Potato Storage, 

206 Acres 

Bourne Farm: Modern 100-cow Dairy Unit with Good VSage House, One Cottage and 

123 acres. 

For Sale by Private Treaty as a Whole or Separately 

SOLE AGENTS: James Harts & Son, Jewry Chambers. Winchester, Hampshfce 
TbL (0962) 52355 

buOcfing. Strutt and Parker's 
Cheknaford office basking for offers 
around £115,000. 

■Hfflborotwh Manor, near Stratford- 
upon-Avon, Warwickshire, is a Tudor 
country manor house, whfcti boasts 
connections with Shakespeare both in its 
early days and more recently. There is 
a legend that Anne WhaleJy, betrothed to 
Shakespeare shortly before his 
marriage to Anne Hathaway, has 
associations with the house and it 
would certainly have been known to him. 

The Shakespearian connection was 
renewed some 1 8 years ago when it was 
bought by John Barton, associate 
director of the Royal Shakespeare 
Theatre, who with his wife, Anne, now 
Professor of English Literature at 
Cambridge University, completely 
restored the house. 

The Grade It* listed house, carrying a 
Lordship of the Manor, has three 
recaption rooms, five bedrooms and a - 
superb Long Gallery. The 13 acres of 
grounds fncbde 150 acres of river 
Avon frontage, and is offered by Jackson- 
Stops and Saifs Cotswoid and South 
Midland offices at around £350,000. . 

■Grow Farmhouse, in the vfoago of 
Metbure Abbes, Dorset, is a Grade H 
fisted Georgian house dating from 
1799 and recently refurbished. R Is for 
sale as one of three lots wfth nearly 2 
acres of land and a cottage, or together 
for about C260JW0. The house has 
three reception rooms, a 40 foot stutfio - 
and five bedrooms, ft stands kt some 
21 acres, which by itself is on offer at 
about E22QJ00O through Humberts’# 
Shaftesbury and London offices. 

Monkton House, a Lutyens designed 
house transformed into a Surrealist 
haven on the Sussex. Downs in West 
Sussex, is fbr sale at around £750,000 — 
the first time h has come on the market 
since it washufit in 1902. This is the lat- 
est development in the recent history of 
Monkton, a Grade U bouse which was 
offered to English: Heritage “for the 
nation** on concessionary terms ax 

Engli sh Heritage decided they coukl 
not afford it and subsequently a private 
buyer has railed to complete the pur- 
chase at an agreed price of £1 Jul The re- 
sult is that, minus the main Surrealist 
furnishings, the main house, with fit- 
tings, fixtures and effects, togetherwith a 
cottage and 66 acres of mostly ornamen- 
tal woodlands, is to be sold through the 
agents Pereds. . 

They say it is intended that certain 
furnishings, including soon Surrealist 
items such as the' safes and bmps 
designed by Salvador Dali,, should, 
remain in the house unti) a new owner is 
found. But there is the chance, for a 
purchaseracting swiftly, to buy addition- . 
al effects before Christie’s hold erf . 
works of art from . the. Edward James 
Collection in June. 

The house belonged to Edward Tames, 
millionaire patron of the surrealists, and 
other poets, musicians and artists of the 
1930b. He inherited the Edwardian 
hunting lodge from his father, which was 
altered in the mid- 1 930s by Kit Nichok 
' son and Hugh Gasson, mid now has 
metal drain pipes shaped as palm trees 
and plaster draperies hang i ng from the 
windows. ■ ■■ 

Dali advised on the furnishing and 
designed some of the pieces, ; 

Janies (tied last year, leaving his estate 
to the trustees of the Edward James 
Foundation, which runs the ' family 
borne. West Dean, nearby. Many of the 
furnishings from the Janies homes will 
be auctioned at West Dean from June 2~ 
6. Only surrealist foroitiiremadespecifi- 
cally for the house wiU be retained. This 
noun wifi be offered to the buyers of 
Monkton; otherwise it will be kept by the 

The house has six bedrooms, three 
reception rooms and a separate staff 
suite, with a cottage of three bedrooms, 
and woodland and grounds of about 66 
acres. The house, given, its history, not 
surprisingly has its sauprises. A startling 
pink painted entrance door with its 
classical Georgian doorcase leads up to a 
blade and green glazed tiled roof, 
surmounted by adocktower showing not 
the hour of the day but the day of the 

' At the front, the roof appears to be 
supported by bamboo poles, while a 
weather vane rising above the roof is 
designed to indicate wind direction in an 
over-elaborate wrought iron frame in the 
entrance hall, where colourful wavy 
fabric tinea the walls, the carpet of the 
staircase is woven with { dog’s paw 
prints, and a porthole looks into a 
tropical fish lank. 

A bathroom serving one of the guest 
bedrooms contains another surprise, for 
tropical fish swim alongside the bath in 
the same tank as seen from the staircase, 
and in the grounds there is a swimming 
pod shaped like a half-sunken egg. 
Inside, the dining room has a trick door, 
operated by a foot pedal, and the whole 
effect can be disconcerting. But it is a fine 
feby. 4 7 

• IV- W, 




tonkin 22 nOm. 
M2S4 mSea. 

A emky ton to topes 
ceMe rotor m m wteeito 


AttatoronBnlcPKpeKj Snores |fc 


Sxdnsto draflupai of four taoy debated tan* 

ratal rims. Reception hafl. 
cloakroom, 3 reception 
rooms, exquisite kitchen. 
ntiSty room. 4 bedrooms, 3 
b aftwouBL Detached cot- 
tage, triple garage, 
outbuildings, swimming 
pooL Defigmul ordens ex- 
teodng to about 2 acres. Fdr 
sale freehold. 

Bernard Thorpe I 

StatiM Raad Vast, 

T3L RMS3) 2S75 


(DOman 8 MLES) 
'SbWMM Ulyens catriry 
bouse, nit dun tram 13tb 
Caaeey 9 bodraams. 3 tabs. 5 
Mentals. 13 an gmonds by 
Jekyt Guife &WJ*. SUpoh 
iw sBtfesg. Mamta 
KCo nm o rti w n 

Wmb & Sobs. Veraon Seta 
(0306) 887654 Son tl-tpm. 

SedDdsd poeSfon In flos popdar iSaja, eaqr nub of BeMngtain/ 

W M rWP cnt. 0006 706106 . 

| W0KS - * 

0787 72391- 





MEW 8 

Vtonetar 11 odes A UghqDil- 
«y restorttal cmmmn no a 
range of pariod botan|s ta ■ 
Hue 2900 »■ rf ewintoiM 
Nataol Tita ImL Choice at 12 
attar rafurlMed homes nqita 
from 2 tadrobrasto 4 tatnneis 
& 2 btas. Rnen inpnB.tora 
£40^0047X000. illBtnlfld too-' 
dwre from Bnls & SBvks. 66 
(0015) 23458. 



MBRM iSmrAKMadKd « 
bed hMM super gntlen*. M>. 
carport. ■ couv “ BH. - mzb. 
£132000: TU OS/22 77351 

SOUTH SUTTON A bed. COnarO- . 
« dfUnd how. MO tar 
•On. anu mwl dM vanoe. 
Men oe cusooa view to- 
day. Ot 642 3316 

re ra n— WitTO nr wentwonh 
ooH course- • yr old tee. 3 beds. 
2 recep*. bMti. sbwr. muty nn. 
dks. nt. «pts A ctns. Open 
views. UT7JOO. 09904 4104.' 


Over 1 acre or land toOuiwo. 
pood. Pro p erly bordered by 
•r. 4 Bode.. 2 Botto- “wtoff 
Doom. Dunne Room. Study, 
v Jarpr Htcnm. Doable ra*g 

woodland wmk , **dd deer 
roans rreety. Hidtaa _ sdhool 

Bteakbst poob; WByi 5 Bads; 8 Baths; Samr; 2 Gaaftt: 
ikon Garim; Dffltel Baath^ Pdat friai £165,000 ftaaMd 

S5 Sbtti, BtetUbU, M Basa mi 8B0 
Xtiqkou: Xtett&U (Ml 5l)4tS 

Orv4DofflQMlQtlttSBfil - 



An excaptionaRy wsfi equ i pped country 
house in a superb rural position with ex- 
cellent communications. 

Reception hafl, 3 reception rooms, fibrary, 
modern domestic quarters. 7 bedrooms 
aid 5 bathrooms including 3 suites, play- 
room, oil central heating. 2 bedrooms staff 

Gardens, heated swimming pool, hard .ten- 
nis : court, walled gardens, garaging, 

- stabfing anti paddocks. 

1236 acres. 


> Arlington Street, London SW1A 




Af Ur a itg Co 

arwsjMw r 

S 2 SE 33 



i«Md« t newly buot aid 
house sK In the wtnmds of U» 
Prwuoious Cism d b Hotel. 
SroUHNL FuMy m kiKfien toe 
wuMsgiMCNM. fridge- oven, 
hab too * extractor iso. Hutu m 
mirror wantaMftJnMdraom. 
fulbr carpeted IhroohouU tor 
further dddb. donocl Miner & 
Sneddon Blacfcfrlars St. , Perth. 
0738 37311. 




r .vn: 



<M«3 3186 w/etxtt. «W6 . 


Lance London, ra rminghsm 
Milioo Keynes. 6 bed modem 
taroUy house. (2 dble bed i an 
MdH bath. 3 large a l ngte beds). 


IM> WALES Secluded not tsoM- 
ea sympadieocaoy converted 2 
bed Victorian chapel. Bordered 
by river and forest, ideantc. 
£31.600. TcfcOBfilS 654 







If iron recently «onv mews 
rcMcm. central loc dose to 
seafront, s beds. Hath, reoep. 
kUchen. wc./ututty. gamse A 
pati o. G as CM. ceajxn. 
Tdnsm 094817 or 776866 

BATH R es tored Grondan House 
uf«L grode 2. d/s beds. 3/d 
Recpja bam. KH. Odn. period 
ftsnm. C.C.B. MmlBMW 
Tb) 0225 311640. 


£95jOOO. 0732" 




lartied former Chapel - cleverly 
converted to Mon standard- 3 
bedrooms. battum. 

tounoe. dining rm. Michen. utu- 
tty. clkrm. smaU waned garden, 
village smianon. CH. Meal 
weekend use. £58.500. Ferns* 
Cuherweu. DevOas 0380 

LESS Ilian 2hr« London. 3 bedr. 
family home. fuH CH.: 
garaoe/wstwp totes vac shop 
£26000 S. Yorks 0406 



|WK VAUCY'ZO mins 144. raU 
way slaUop. DfW Siena Mt Hi 
appnm acre. Freehold. AtUb- 
cent to MnbK CanaLPreoeut 
use outdoor ponodts centre 
wlin luO ptasnung aonra .id for 
cotrvcrton to 3 bedroom CM- 
tone f 32.oon. Tot 0873 


Newly constructed bmHy 
house. Impeccably furnished 
on smaJ dsvebpment to- 
wards the river. Sot on 3 
floors, 4 bedrooms, 2 bath- 
rooms. ample garage space. 
Avatfana now fori ywr, com- 
pany let extendable. £ 1,000 
per month. 

For detads phone 
01 235 3691 
or Raritan Broom H 
Boone End (06285) 22149 
(evenin gs ) 

Motesey. Surrey. Wefl totaled 
family residence m sooMu after 
mtdentlal area wttmn easy 
rommudno dtaance of Central 
London and toe M25 and with- 
in walking distance of utoas- 
seboob. etc- and dose to histor- 
ic Hampton Court. The 
attractive, arv accommodation 
Includes Durance Hall. Dinlna 
Room. SUlmg room. Large fil- 
led Kllrhen Breakfast Room 
wttn nod. oven. Miwatnr. 
wwdung nwchtne. ot*-er Hr 
Shotuer.’ Cloak room. Barn 
room. 4 Bedrooms. Large 
Garage. Gas central healing. 
The property has recently been 
redecorated and the rental m- 
Ctodts foUganten reasntntam. 
Renu) £1000 p.t.m. ■ oeg. 
Term 1-3 yewre by nsgoantton. 
Far further Mans ring ABC an 

■when sYMrm»B mod 4 
bed Cam tar. exceU condi to 
ottaUctegt.CCSi. £460 pern me 
rates. NWS Lid 107630 73057. 


93% mOffTBAOES A Remocl' 
gagn 100% iM«gage» 
availabto. 5 « mnt income or 
a* k main + l A. Any purpose, 
nee advice. Tel: 01 247 Sl23 
WMOtogtoa up. 


Central London 13 mfee; Bromiey 3 dries M25 7 


Superbly tsustod modern country houses with outstanding 
mn and a penoo farmhouae. 

Qood range of tarn outWngs todaflng general purpose Of**- 
mg and a cold storage unn with 25200 bushels capacity- Long 
toon dowtopmom potentML 
Good tanrtand toctodtog 30 acres at orchard. 

Rw sale as a whole or m 7 Lots. 
Canterbury Office: 2 St Meraarafs Street 
Tel: (0227) 451123 

(Raf. 8BD2577] 


Stoke D'Abemon IKmies (Waterloo 33 mins.). 
Cobham and Leatberhaad 2 Vi miles. M25 4 mBes. 


A we Me rti a l and eq uestria n property on high 
ground hi a rora) poaitton yd within easy reach of 


An elegant couitry house wtth hal. 4 r a ce pb on rooms. 8 bed- 
rooms. 3 b a thro oms . Oerago and stable Hocks. Sw i Kn p an g 
pooL Gardens and grounds. 3 paddocks. 


Stud complex- Moor scbool/arera. 33 boxes. Covered yard. 2 
bedroom mag* Rated paddocks and pasture Jand. 1100 
yard singe bank fishing on th River Mote. 

About SO acm 

Two further 3 tadroomad cottages. Rated paddocks. 

About 27% acres . 

In al about 135 acres 

Auction as a whole or 6 lots on 111b June, 1886 
(unless previously sold) 

Joint auctioneers: Crow. Waticin & Wafidn, 

16 South Street, Dorking 
Tefc (0306 888080 

Strutt 1 Parker. London Office 
Tefc 01-629 7282 

(RaL 1AC881S) 




Approx 66 acres 

dosing date: 

Noon 15th August 1986 

Details from: 

Estates Surveyor, Directorate of Planning and 
Design, Braadgate House, Beestnn, Nottingham 
NG9 26H. Telephone (0BQ2) 254871 Ext 453. 

Buroxtowe j 



Grade II Listed Period Property in 
prime position in country village with 
potential for various uses. Large dbl 
fronted shop and 3 rooms, 2 at- 
tached period cottages, both with 3 
dbl bedrooms, 2 receps etc. Lg 

Apply 1 Bank Buildings, Cranleigh, 
Surrey. 0483 273525 

1 Bink BuIMlng*, Crktdeljh, Stirrer CU6 EBB 
Crknleigh (0453) 273S2S 


ICserairlr 0996 72278 

A “* aaea * a ‘* iwtoiM sd hsmw ptoperttt ainaada. Ft* ataUs 


an a pnvSe p aww ite « DnunSr, togrihar mth a nnraa eydH too* bs 
Doh band 

a nBpCctnty sbond * tateuned Litotod pmpeqr on to 

sums oi Dawn w aw nl unpUely noovata. 

ROSE COmaE A aopat^f Ami gmaal store. 4 tatraoned <to sfl ng house 
and 2 resatowl irtto. 

UNfETT ML 7 Mknoned. doufab-lronM unum tnbL Hegragr tarn prepeny. 

mo FARMHOUSE 17C LAriawl FannbauK Bflfflw WM 7 tang infsadi 

CASTL0HS6 FABAWDUSE 4 OKhwiwI PaoewU mm img- 

mhceffl news 


FurmhaJ fiy Karrods. Opposae Sea and Lawns. 3 butans.- 
toonge/dining room, fitted kffiflan tettroom & shower room. 6s CH. 
Very quo. ParMna space. Lift & carmkur. hagamgs lav. 

£110,000 tod. contents 
tanedate o ccu rotto o 

Tefct0273) 779560 


Foma School and Schooflnuse. Unique opportoMy to purttae this 
dettjtatul propeny n sedudud lochstde tocaton n one of the most 

K Hottay Home, omw a permanem lastfence. (Uiagod 15 
wemsss 56 miles). Large lura^num (lomer scnooBocnj, 
btchOL bathroom, tux bedrooms, scullery, memy ot storage spaa. 
OFFERS era £35400. VIEWING taieffwie 085490. HJRTHEfl 
PARTICULARS tram Mean. OWES & MCKAY. Setaten ud Estate 
Agate, 18 IIbob SbnL btarasat TriegtaK ranter (BIB) 220579. 


Substantial det VJcl Me in prime location- Divided into 18 
seif contained bM/sUters with communal breaklbstiom. 
kilcbeiu. shwTs A baths, comfortable owners RaL GCH. 
fire alarms etc. 7 modem goes. Grin. Potential for Oat 
conversion ( tuMect comeni J. Offers over £200 JXC. Sole 
agents Austin & wyan Winchester KJ9621 66999 topen 7 
days a week). 

, «a* 


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WANTED I M flat rood with 
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ctoseL Max i» or or an. Any 
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TOPS M1C now o*v Unrepeat- 
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£406. 01-084 7371 ASTA. 

sica - Perfect climate. fabulous 
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Ol 780 3900. 

FEMALE WANTED To share lux- 
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WX. Professional wanted lo share 
large luxury 3 b edr o om pent- 
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WCX. Charming sobc beosfl In el- 
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Audio Secretary 

Management Department of a busy firm of 
Chartered Surveyors situated near Oxford 
Circus* require an experienced Audio 

Applicants should preferably be in their 
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Salary negotiable. 

Four weeks annual holiday. 

Please telephone Mrs. S. McCarthy on 01- 
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BWTTWEIANO fa la-dutcd night* 
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pp ° m 



balms wanted lor private com- 
panJn. Top prices pakL 01 228 

wanted- 01 688 9449 Cay. 
Eve* Ol 387 4689 add Ol 303 



natsance An by Dr Charles 
Hope of the Wartxn tarn Cute. 
Hew at the Royal society of 
Arts. 8 John Adam SBreeL WC2 
ai 230 on Wednesday 21 May. 
Admission Flee. 

TOWER OF LONDON new 4 bed 

(own house £150.000 See irn- 
der If. of Thames. 783 >906. 

lube, and other amenities. £60 
pw.Ol 947 0031 eve or 01 871 
21SS day 

nmmcK prof M/T. own roam 
In mixed flaL £130 pera od, 
Tel: 01-9 94 9917 alter 2 pm. 
CHBtnCK AW pen 2Bt dn 
my flat O/r. S pool. £68 p.w. 
tortus. T« 01-747 8049 eves. 
FULHAM prof pees to more 46 
irarttve 2 bed RaL o/r. £SB aw 
jpcL 01-381 3184 taller 6pm) 
MWTI or lube, large sonny 
nn. ch. w- machine etc 
exn. lei Ol 883 6290 
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shared flaL £30 p.w. exclusive. 
Ten 681 40T3 after 6 pjn. 
MARIA VALE Prof lady 2te to 
Share lux flat o/r. £220 ex nan. 
Tef 289 1701. 

large luxury flat, nr tube. £S6 
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Lge hse. «Opw rxc. Ring 874 
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raau» hoa art done chy. £44 

M*. M.-F N/8 lux flat. IO ndra 
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pw. Tefc 01-809 3431 anyttme. 
REAR HAMPSTEAD 3rd n/s. stir 
loytiy toe. large o/r. Tet 221 
1008 tdayl or 488 3786 {overt. 
ST HUMS WOOD Plearani rm. in 
quiet surroundmga. OL £200 
pem Inc. N/8- 286 7972 
ML F. b/l o/r m bright Hot 
22+ • £18000 pan eso ♦ de- 
part 01-602 0136 after 6pm. 
WOOLWICH Lor dug im. QuM 
Prof N/g. Suit ardsc £46 p.w. 
Inc + breakfast Tet 76 1 7848 




If yon are dynamic, self-motivated, with 
initiative & en rhusiam and drive a good 
car-letting high class fiumished -properties 
in Central London could be for you. 



01-722 7101 


We require an energetic, responsible person who 
is looking for job satisfaction being both numer- 
ate and a good typist, able to -work under 
pressure, to handle the management of high- 
class furnished houses and flats. Ability to deal 
with people and car owner essential Attractive 
salary and allowances. 

Please apply to Pamela Berend 01-722 7101 
Anscomoe & Ringfcuid Residential T/trmgg 
8 Wellington Rd, London NW8 


An estabfished consuttancy is looking for 
intelligent and ambitious men and women aged 
22+ mth drive, initiative and good 
communicative skills, to join them as trainee 
sales executives. £7,000 (negotiable regulated 
earnings scheme). On target first year earnings 
£12,000. Phone for details. 



to halt the 


unraxgaifly lequheto jpuitdiaM 

v.vrr rvi 

aaaL Va luiltlfl lM MbdO. 

65 Now Bond Street W-l- Telephone 01-629 0651 

•CROWE Tortwy 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wks Jane 3/17 
£366, whole boal available oth- 
er weeks from £1000. tar 
msJood.w/sport*. 01 326 

1006. AM 2091. 



SELLMO N « -areeri Wen train 
you to succeed not tad for a day 
but forever. C4*> b company 
backing, fan nintng. nmaue 
career opporamtdes. Only te- 
lly If you reofly warn lo 
succeed. 01-222 8872 

For safe IlnooBb oar auction 
or Private Treaty Saks wilb- 
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sdL We arc-prepared to 
■nvd to yoor boiiK. Write or 
fdepfaooe far free brochure. 


(EsL 1899} 

6. Adam Street, Strand. 
London, WC2N 6AA. 
Teh 01-836 8694/0939 

a m l ran g e padert al Did IDl tOP 

teste, )ge ta*s. sas rf dare. 
onenM ddraaod mgs. aB Etf- 
tradafl aid Mdonan foMure 
ogendy banted. 

Tet B 1 -S 8 S 0148 
or 01-228 2716 




we can aiwxrs supply a urn 
dart vtta. even at the last 
irtKDir. We have probably 
Uie fines! refection In the 
Mediterranean, on Corfu. 
CrertJ Pnoa. Alparva. Souta 
Of nance. Italy • on the 
beach or uD pool. AS have 
maid, some a cook. Prices? 
From the very e ap enNvo 10 
the N»pr Mogly mode el L 

cv txavu. cn 



Nri rofeL Jo’Borg, Cairo. Dw- 
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Sydney, Europe, A The Amen- 
chl FWungo Travel, 3 New 
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don WIH 7Da 

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Open Saturday 1000-13.00 " 



(mifvMual tuUkn. Dally 
speed Oe velopm extt. Elec- 
tric/ PlwIrraUc 4 wks. 
FUMne day. Beginners 
start June 2/ June SO/ 
Ji8y 28. Reriesben any 
Monday. Tet Mrs Phipps 
01-629 2904. The 

Langharo Centre. 18 
Dsnnva SL Path Lane. 
London- Wl. 

Which School 
for your child? 

Oor expert CMndisf conn 
every oped of edocatiHi, bm 
prcpantoiy to 
sduob, 6oa finance to 
f du r al i a wl pqthologatL 
We anrad patents aa a 
pasoaal beds - our advice it 
free and objective. 




01-883 0024 




We bm a farittrf . ye Atmtm 
mkctioo el pmeoBy wpeefed 
^jpertto alaae the egad ■ £nfc- 
amfak laofh, er laupaflt nenby 

W: Brightga ( 0273 ) 6 S 34 M 

OyOUE WE AHEA lQOi Century 
Farmuousm. beaut coo lo 3 cot- 
rages. Steens 2JS 6 8. 667 8871 

■PM A., 

197CT*. coffee table, BttS~ X 
2ft. Cherry InWd ebony. £700. 
TeLOl 94 O 2064. eves. 


Holiday Mam* 01-8364983 

EXONNWALL S/C rrora June. In 
tmct&nahoumtaiedS) A lodge 
cottage W Tennis. Comr 

Saa/Moart/ccar. <08034) asi 








vm» & Auartraeiits from 
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ChH Ifow 

0923 674310 

Holidays of dtebnctloii Nr the 
vary taw. Tel: 01-491 0902. 73 
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Villa Agency. 01-824 8474. 


aytn. moat dates. Ol 488 3128 

BM. 1984 OpaL 3&OOQ. Excel. 
tod Cong. S upe rb Trio HI-FI. 
Sw Ifeof. 1 owner. FSH. 
CTJ23Q. Tel 0684 T2649. 


Britons hit 
the mark 

From a Correspondent 

British riflemen, in a teiHiani 
display of dean shooting rarely 
seen on any of the Common- 
wealth ranges, heat West Indies 
and Canada in the ftnal match of 
their West Indies tour at 

In the first of the three 
sections, at 300 yards, 10 of the 
12-<nan British team ea ch made 
highest possible score of 50, with 
every snot in the bull’s-eye; and 
the other two had 48 each. At 



fw rax urtopa reak teneg la ax- 
MteUterranran locaUan 
Th fe Podaon rrquHTB roend ex- 
Pwfewce md th e taghcat reft. 

tetidi and cuna iU oua 
with own » ,g accommodation. 

"«v to BOX 096 The 
Turns, i virataia street. 
London El 9PO/T 
It ai n wt &Onon dorr/ 
rnok^r ggiured foT Urge mgfe 

umte*. Uve In/out. fua/pan 
uiiv-. temp/porwi. n on a nade g. 
car driver. Phone 01-731 41 07, 



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Bastes to Boshttss 
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SATURDAY Overseas Tkavefc 
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' (11A lOOovore) 

CAfflEfBISIV; Kant v Indtes 

P1-P, 110 own irt nkn u nd 
, V Yraicslte 

WcMtoo x v aanxxqan 
TO^MOae NottinghanreMw v 

EDQBASTON: Warwtdcshlro » 


WOBCEST EB-. Worcestershire •* M 
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«S ; ' 

't ^ B ' 't _* 

Allez Milord to Manton 


Harwood hand on tlie 

tv : l.- !>'•>*• V 

. V 

• * , . • . 

v? ; 


-■' •Siii 

■ 8 














■ 5 



. :* 

^ ■'. w; 

5 : ? 

premier classic on June 4. 
First, however, AOez Milord 
must dispose of today's useftil 

A most impressive winner 
of his only race as a two-year- 
old at Newmarket, ADez Mi- 
lord returned to Headquarters 
last month for the May Stakes 
and duly justified his position 
at the hem of the market with 
a narrow, yet decisive victory 
over AO Haste and VerardL 

The placed horses have 
since disappointed, but 
Wishlon (sixth) gave the form 
a minor fillip when defying 
top weight at Windsor on 
Monday evening and it should 
be remembered that ADez 
Milord was conceding almost 
a stone to most of his 

Today's race is over an 
additional three furlongs and 
while 1 have few doubts that 
the son ofTom Rolfe win stay 
lVi miles, his ability to act on 
this soft going has to be taken 
on trust However, 1 do not 
believe Harwood would risk 
his unbeaten record unless be 
were happy his colt will go in 
the ground 

Winds Of Light appears his 
principal rival on form but his 
wins were both on fist ground 

— — m.m MAW • U 

Ripon tonight when be would 
have had only one serious 

As in the classic trial, the 
majority of runners in the 
other listed race, the Clive 
Graham Stakes, would prefer 
faster ground. St Hilarion won 
two group one races in Italy 
last autumn but he is penal- 
ized for those successes and 
has to concede 1 21b to DuMan, 
who is my idea oflhe likely 

For the day's best bet, 
though, I take Esquire to 
complete a 15-day treble in the 
Chichester Festival Silver Ju- 
bilee Handicap. Like Dnbian, 
Esquire is by High Line and he 
has already shown dramatic 
improvement from three to 
four by finishing a good 
second to. Nebris at Epsom 
before those impressive wins 

An 81b penalty takes his- 
weight to a formidable lOst 
lib but it is significant that 
Barry Hills is r unning him 
again in a handicap, having 
indicated after his 'York vic- 
tory that he would be moving 
him up to group company. 

At Ripon, Engjfoh Spring 
takes a considerable drop in 
class to contest the 
Stoneibridgeg&ie EBF Stakes' 

ditnre on view. 

The total financial commit- 
ment has bees about £14m, bat 
the syndication of two high-class 
group one winners could see this 
sum recouped in one fell 
swoop.^Nothhig b guaranteed 
in this Me,” said Sangster, “bat 
1 do know that everyone con- 
nected with Manton is giving 
their best shot and it won't be for 
want of trying if onr horses don't 
greet the ledge.” ‘ 

Dickinson Is well aware that 
racing's eyes w3I be focused 
critically an bis activities for 
soon time to come. “This Is the 
most important year of my Hfe,” 
be said, “the prospect is as 
frightening as it's challenging." 

500 of Mamon's 23®S acres 
are devoted to racing, the 
remainder of the laud being 
formed by the company. Five 
separate areas of grass gallops 
cover the roDing downs. These 
are divided into eleven separate 
gallops and there are also two 
all-weather surfaces. 

The 35 or so bums surround- 
ing Manton Hall, from which a 
total of 40 classic winners have 
been sent out since 18711, are not 
now in nse. t>0 new boxes have 
been constructed, 40 of diem 
being conventional European 
style and the other 20 of the 
American open-barn type. 
“There were so many sharply 
divided opinions," said the 
trainer, “that we decided to have 
some of each kind". 

Goodwood selections 

By Mandarin 

230 ESQUIRE (nap). 3.0 Dubian. 3.3S Allez Milord. 43 Safety 
Pm. 4.40 Cleofe. 5.10 Platine. 5.40 Likeness. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
230 Virgin Isle. 3.0 Dubian. 335 Then Again. 43 Lightning 
Legend. 4.40 Bnthayna. 5.10 Kenooz. 5-40 Butsova. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Esquire. 335 ALLEZ MILORD (nap). 

Robert Sangster and Michael Dickinson relaxing on the Manton gallops 

A yearling yard with 40 boxes 
and a manager's cottage has also 
been., rebuilt since last 

Dressed in an immaculate 
dark bine doable-breasted Sait, 
Dickinson led the party at a 
smart trot onto the famous 
Qatford summer gallop. Despite 
the two inches of rain that had 
felles overnight, conditions 
underfoot were still sszprismgly 

“It’s the intensive root system 
that has been growing since 
1870 (bat gives it its spring," 
said the trainer, “we have 
widened the 5 furlong straight to 
about 40 metres in width, there 
are six spars leading onto it and 
oar longest gallop is nine fur- 
longs. But at the moment I'm the 
fittest animal round Imre," he 

As 40 of the 45 horses are two- 
year-olds, no fmther runners 
can- be expected until the end of 
May. “Stoim Hero by Storm 
Bird is 6 m most forward off the 
colts. The two other fittest are 
both fillies, Fhumting and 

Meadowbanlc." said the trainer. 

Anyone who is expecting fire- 
works in the first season is 
obviously in for a disappoint- 
ment. “If we had six or seven 
winners. I’d be happy," said 
Sangster. “It mutt take two or 
three years for the stable to build 
up its fnD st ren g t h ." At present 
75 per cent of the horses are 

Seven of Dickinson’s staff 
have come down with the trainer 
from Yorkshire, including Brian 
Powell and George Foster, the 
joint bead lads. 50 of the 70 staff 
five oo the estate in cottages and 
hostels. The ammenities indude 
a swimming pool, football and 
cricket plM&es and a twrafa 
court The Tre lawny Club, 
which is bnflt Into the aid «*aUg 
block is the centre of sodal life. 

The amount of forethought 
-and planning that *»»» gone into 
considering every aspect of a 
horse's welWdng and mental 
outlook is tremendous. And the 
community spirit that has been 
engendered ™>"g ifc* staff is 
already impressive. 

No serious thought has yet 
been given to e ngag ing a stable 
jockey. "It’s early days yet," 
said Sangster. “But Darren 
Gancci and Jim Cassidy, cham- 
pions in Victoria and Sydney 
respectively, are both interesting 

Let Robot Sangster bare the 
last word about his exciting 
project, “To me the wonderful 
thing b that Manton is a 
privately owned and funded 
British enterprise from which we 
are going to challenge the best in 
the international racing world — 
I find this exciting in these days 
of multi-billion pound takeovers 
and the large foreign investment 
that b fighting its way into 
British industry. Given average 
luck, I see no reason why we 
shouldn't be turning out group 
one winners in the next two to 
three years." 

With Songster’s resources 
and back-up team behind him 
and considering Dickinson’s 
tremendous talent, bow can they 


* ■ .1 3 ■ *m.i i -u.n w.i j 


















a s 





7-4 Sumy Liz. 4-1 Rower Bowl, 5-1 Likeness, Someone 
Nagoya, 10-1 Scanner Garden, 13-1 Sweepy. 14-1 others. 





. R RouM 17 
8-1 Butsova, 






There is a big turn-out for the 
Ferguson Gold Cup maiden 
Pomt-io-point final at Worces- 
ter this afternoon. Few have had 
racecourse experience but on 
form between the flags the ones 
making the most appeal are Old 
Applejack, Hot N*Scopey and 
Court Guest, (Brian Beel 

. Hot N’Scopey beat the useful 
Mendip Express (a winner 
since) in hear latest race and 

commands a great deal of 
respect. However, Old Apple- 
jack may just have the edge. 
After being beaten into third 
place, only six lengths behind 
Urser, on his initial outing he 
has gone on to win three 
■successive races, two of which 
were in testing conditions. 

Today’s point-to-point 

CmbridgeSbin Union, Gooenham 
(550}. . - . 




Today’s course specialists 


TRADERS; H Caefl. 25 wlnmn hem 84 rmwws, 29-8%« L 
Cumani. 14 (ram 49, 28^%; W Hem. 35 Item 12Q, 2731k 
JOCKEYS: Paul Eddery. 8 wtnrurs hen 28 ridas. 214%; G 


TTUMER8: J KndNy. 7 wimet* from 12iwiara. SEEK; R 
ArmotrwW, 9 (rem 30. 23.1%. 

MGKEYSiMt* Q KMwny, 7 wmwu hem ISrktae, 45J%; T 
bm, IS hem 96, 174%: G Duffieid, 10 hum 61. 1 M%. 


TRAMBtS: J Spearing. 11'wfntws tram 63 nmm, 17%; N 
Henderaon/ifi (mm fii, 18 j 4%; J WeUw. 8 hem 87, 041% 
JOCKEYSc P Scudamore, 36 wfnrara tram £(h rfdea,17^%;H 
QUvies. 27 from 17S, 1Sy4%. 


TRAINERU: Denya Snfth. 14 wlnnere tram 42 runneni. 332%; G 
WchardB, 26 tram 1 17. &£%; R Bshar. 9 Item 44, 205%. 
JOCKEYS: B Storey. 12 winnara from SO rides. 24%; NBmrahW. 
SO Cram 84. 23E%; G Bnley. 7 hem 31. 22 E%l 







Relieved Cram 
sets sights 
on Gateshead 
charity run 

By Fat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 
Steve Cram's hamstring in- same venue in the UK cham- 

jury is not as bad as was 
originally feared when he had 
to drop out of the north 
eastern counties champion- 
ship 5,000 metres after only 
five laps last Sunday. 

The world record holder for 
the mile said yesterday that 
three days of treatment should 
be sufficient to get him bade in 
training. “Having been 
through it all last year I know 
how u> deal with it and I am 
hoping to run in the Sport Aid 
10km race at Gateshead on 
Sunday," he said. 

The record entry of almost 
1,000 athletes for die first 
major track and field meeting 
of the domestic season, the 
HFC Trust United Kingdom 
championships at Cwmbran 
next weekend, reflects the 
necessity to get in some good 
performances in view of the 
early selection dates (June 22 
for the men and June 7 fenr the 
women) for the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh. 

For people like Linford 
Christie, whose emergence as 
European 200m indoor cham- 
pion was presaged by his win 
in the 100m and shared title 
with John Regis at 200m in 
this same meeting last year, it 
is another opportunity to con- 
solidate early season form 
which has taken him to 
10.42sec and 20.6sec already. 

Todd Bennett, on the other 
hand, will be seeking to justify 
his move down from 400m to 
200m, which was ultimately 
prompted as much by his lack 
of progress over the longer 
distance in the last two years 
as by the fen that be ran an 
English record of 20.36sec for 
the shorter distance at this 

pionshipsin 1984. 

There is some acrimony 
among athletes whose entries 
have been turned down for 
Cwmbran, due to the huge 
numbers, especially when 
some of those athletes an- 
swered the BAAB's plea to 
support last year's champion- 
ships in Antrim, when the 
initial response was as warm 
as that which would greet the 
offer of a free trip to 

One late entry that has been 
accepted is that of Geoff 
Parsons, seeking a new “high” 
after his successive jumping 
records of 2.27m and L28m in 
his last two outings. In the 
Kent championships last 
weekend. Parsons's ultimate 
failure was at a world record 
height of 2.42m. 

The middle distance trium- 
virate of Cram, Sebastian Coe 
and Steve Ovett are missing. 
They prefer to pursue further 
honours by starting with track 
races abroad. But Peter Elliott 
and Ikera Bifly. two young 
men whose challenge to those 
three champions was halted 
by injury last season, make 
their comebacks. Elliott won 
the Yorkshire 800m champi- 
onship in l min 47.5sec last 
Sunday and runs the same 
distance again this weekend. 

Wendy Sly and Fatima 
Whitbread. Olympic silver 
and bronze medal winners 
respectively, are the biggest 
attractions of the women’s 
entry. But there will be much 
interest in another comeback, 
that of Shirley Strong in foe 
100m hurdles after operations 
on both Achilles tendons since 
her own Olympic silver medal 

Bouncing back: Shirley Strong is ready to begin her comeback at Cwmbran next weekend 


Western Samoa scrap 
plans for S Africa tour 


Brazilians will be a force in 
Mexico, Uruguayans warn 

From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 

If the World Cap Is decided by 
saefa okMaslrfooed virtues as 
ball-playing artistry and team 
spirit prompt e d by national 
pride, then the foals in Mexico 
wiU be won by a Sooth American 
team, according to members of 
the strongly favoured Uru- 
guayan squad training in 


Western Samoan Rugby Union 
decided yesterday not to go 
ahead with a plumed tour of 
South Africa. The union ac- 
cepted a South African invita- 
tion to tour in late January and 
have been under strong pressure 
to alter their decision. 

Tupuola Efi, the union presi- 
dent and Western Samoa's dep- 
uty Prime Minister, 
congratulated the South African 
Rugby Board for having invited 
a non-white team and said 
Western Samoa could accept a 
similar invitation in the future. 

Prime Minister Va'ai Kolone 
has encouraged union members 
to reconsider. He said in Feb- 
ruary Western Samoa staunchly 
opposed apartheid and was 
committed to the Gleneagles 

agreement against sporting con- 
tacts with the republic. 

Tupuola said when the tour 
was agreed that Samoa was 
regularly invited to South Af- 
rica, but traditionally declined. 
He accused union members of 
going behind his back by accept- 
ing the invitation at a meeting 
be did not attend. 

Despite the Prime Minister's 
opposition, several rugby of- 
ficials were understood to be 
strongly in favour of a tour, 
which could earn the impov- 
erished union up to $125,000. 

Officials said Western 
Samoa's exclusion from the first 
World Cup next year was a 
strong incentive to accept South 
Africa's offer. The island nation 
considers itself the leading rugby 
power in the South Pacific after 
beating Fyi and Tonga. 

England draw up squad 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

England's rugby selectors 
meet today to discuss the make- 
up of their world cop training 
squad and the inug ra mme of 
preparation planned for this 
summer, though details of the 
party are not expected to be 
available until Inter this month. 
As they do so, they may well 
take a sidelong glance at the 
United States, where Japan are 
on tear. 

England are in the same 
World Cop group as Australia. 
Japan and the US and results of 
the present torn, as well as on 
the last two years, indicate that 

challenge is 

the Am erican 

The Japanese have been 
beaten by both the Eastern 
Union and the Mid-West Union 
and have four more games to 
play, cahninating in a match 
against the American Eagles in 
Los Angeles on May 31. 

The Welsh B team play tire 
second game of their Italian 
tom, against Northern Italy, in 
Brescia today. They opened with 
a 44-15 win over Central Italy in 
Parma, four of their eight tries 
coming from While, the New- 
port wing. 




Uruguay are one of three 
South American selections (the 
others are Ar g entina and Para- 
guay) here for foal training 
sessions, while Denmark’s 
squad flew into Bogota on 
Sunday-Becanse of Brazil's 
apparent failure to get their act 
together and the many question 
marks about Argentina, Latin 
American followers have been 
contemplating the unthinkable; 
a first-ever triumph by a Euro- 
pean team in a World Cap 
staged in the new world. 

Uruguay's exciting forward, 
Enzo rvaneescoH, does not share 
such gloom: “There's ho reason 
to fear the Emepeans. With a 
few exceptions, they can't match 
Sooth American technique. For 
that reams, and I hope I'm not 
wrong, I think the winner of this 
World Cap is gofnglo be a Sooth 
American team." 

His fellow Urugnayaa for- 
ward, Venancio Ramos, who 
plays for Lens in France, pin- 
points another essential dif- 
ference: “The Europeans are 
more inte r ested m money and 
never lose a chance to make 
more, while we Latin Americans 

are more sentimental. If we're 
told to join our country's selec- 
tion, we drop e v ery thing. We are 
very patriotic and proud to wear 
our nation's colours which we do 
with all our ability, love and 

There is a quiet confidence 
about the Urugnayaa camp 
which extends to the 
accompanying Press contigent 
from Montevideo, though no- 
body underestimates the for- 
midable task ahead In the first- 
round “Group of Death" with 
West Germany, Scotland and 
Denmark. The Uruguayan mood 
contrasts sharply with the ten- 
sion simmering in relations be- 
tween the Argentinian squad 
and the Buenos Aires journalists 
who condone id criticize what 
they regard as cautious tactics 
by their country’s ma nag er, 
Carlos Salvador Bflardo. 

However, the captain. Diego 
Maradona, insists that contrary 
to some reports the players have 
complete faith in Bifamlo. “The 
team will give their all and I 
hope the Press support ns. Bat, 
if aoc, we!D go oa obeying Cartas 
and not what the journalists toil 

ns." • 

The _ Uruguayans and 
Argentinians are co n v in ced tf 1 ** 
for all their problems, the 
Brazilians will emerge as a force 
to be reckoned with in Mexico, 
i always said that If Tele 
Santana came back as manager, 
Brazil would again be one of the 
great t ea ms ," Fnncescoii said. 

Saunders celebrates 
against Canadians 

Cup bonus 
for Bristol 

Vancouver (Reuter) — Can- 
ada were defeated 3-0 by an 
under-strength Wales side in a 
friendly international which at- 
tracted a crowd of just 9,007 to 
the 59,000 capacity BC Place 
indoor stadium on Monday. 

Although they did not have to 
lace Ian Rush and Mark 
Hughes, the Canadian defence 
bad no answer to the pace of the 
Welsh attacks, and the Brighton 
forward. Dean Saunders, cele- 
brated a rare international 
appearance with goals in the 
eleventh and 49th minutes. The 
substitute. Malcolm Alien, of 

as the visitors besieged the 
Canadian goaL 
Saunders added’ the second 
four minutes into the second 
half when he netted at the far 
post after Joey Jones bad flicked 
on a Robbie James corner and 
Allen completed the rout with a 
drive from the edge of the box. 

CANADA: Dotan; Lanartuxzi, Bndgo(sute 
Samual), Moore. VWson. 

Swmrey (sub: Norman), 
Vratate (sub: Segota). MttcMI 

p««- - — 1 “ 

WALES: A DM*: R Jamas. J Jonas. K 
Ja«*jtL N Sattar. S Lowndes. P Mchorts. 
D Warns (sub: M Bowen). M Aiziewood. 
D Saunders. 8 Uwea (sub: MAflan). 

Watford, completed the scoring 
nine minutes from time. 

The Canadians, who are in 
the same group as France, 
Hungary and the Soviet Union 
in . the World Cup finals, beat 
Wales 2-0 in Toronto last week 
but they never looked capable of 

repeating that upset 

never recovered from 
Saunders's smartly taken opener 
and the Welsh goalkeeper, Andy 
Dibble, was a virtual spectator 

• Lisbon (AP) - The top 
Portuguese defender, Antonio 
Veloso was excluded from his 
country's World Cup squad 
hours before the team was due 
to leave for Mexico. Tests 
revealed that the Benfica play- 
er was suffering from a neuro- 
logical problem that made 
him unfit to play. He will be 
replaced by Fernando 

Cup fever has hit the support- 
ers of Bristol City and the dub 
expect to make £100,000 from 
Saturday's Freight Rover Tro- 
phy final against Bolton at 
Wembley. City expect a crowd 
of 60,000, with 26,000 travelling 
from Bristol. Give Middlemass, 
the assistant manager, will lead 
the team out on the dub's first 
visit to Wembley. 

The club’s manager Terry 
Cooper, the former England and 
Leeds full back, said "I have 
been fortunate to tread the 
Wembley turf on many occa- 
sions. It is a tribute to Clive, 
who has worked with me for 
several years." 

Cooper hopes to field the side 
which knocked out Hereford in 
the Southern area final with 
practically the last kick of extra 




AUSTIBAM LEAGUE: Austria KUQantet 0, 
SSWttmabruck £ OAK 0, AuaM (Man Z 


56 pa: 2. Rapid 

Alan Gibson on the day England’s selectors failed their biggest Test 

Parker’s omission such a convenience 

Sixty years ago, on July 10, there 
occurred what R.KS. Wyatt called 
“the most extraordinary mistake in 
all Test history", when Charles 
Parker was left out of foe England 
side for the third Test match, against 
Australia at Leeds. 

The circumstances were unusnaL 
Parker, of Gloucestershire, was the 
best slow left-arm bowler in foe 
country, and had been summoned to 
Leeds because the weather was 
doubtful and be was just foe man to 
bowl the Australians out on a wet 
wicket The wet wicket was duly 
there, and it was the "■niwii 
feeling that the selectors had done 
well to include Parker. 

Bat when the final Engtwrf 
was announced, Parker was not in it 
Had A.W. Carr, foe England captain, 
decided that foe pitch was not so 
difficult after all? It appeared not, 
because he won foe toss and put foe 
Australians in (sides have to be 
chosen before foe toss). 

U is said that Parker, knowing he 
was dropped, went to the lavatory and 
found himself occupying the 

neighbouring stall to the Australian 
opening batsman and acting ca ptain, 
Bardsley. ‘*Jnst foe wicket for yon, 
Charlie," Bardsley said raefally. 
When Parker told him he would not 
be nsfaig k, Bardsley checked in urid- 
widdte to dash back and teQ his 
colleagaes the good news. 

. Tate howled the first ball of the 

i nnin gs and had Bardsley caught at 
first slip by Sutcliffe. Macartney 
came in, and from the fifth ball was 
dropped by Carr at third slip. 
Macartney proceeded to score a 
hundred before lunch. Aust ralia made 
494, and in due conrse England had to 
follow on, though Australia did not 
have time to win the maw-h (Tests in 
En glan d then lasted three days). 

was an unpleasant scene in the Grand 
Hotel at Bristol some years latex, 
when Parker assaulted Warner in a 
lift, after both had been speaking at a 
Gloucestershire dinner. 

“Choriey Porker", as be was known 
among cricketers. 

caniay was a Yorkshireman, and 
there is always something to be said 
for playing a Yorkshireman at Leeds. 
He could bowl well on soft pitches, but 
better on harder ones, with what we 
would now call off-cutters. 


should suit 

From Jenny MacArthnr 

Jerez de la Frontera 

Maradona, who has sent 
get-wefl-soon missive to Brazil's 
injured player, Zka ("The 
supporters most not tie deprived 
of your great art," he wrote) said 
of Brazil: “A three-time world 
champion can never be written 
off." Bat Maradona, who has 
been dabbed “The new Pete", 
was scathing when asked about 
Pete’s astonishing offer to male* 
a World Cup comeback at the 
age of 46. “When one gets old, 
one can talk too muck,” he said. 
“What Pete has done is 
respectful of the Bnuffiu play- 
ers and Tde Santana. I hope 
he’ll stop saying such things." 

Colombia was orgmally des- 
ignated by FIFA as host nation 
of foe 1986 World Cup bat 
eventually opted oat on foe 
grounds that the c omp et i tion 
was too expensive to stage at a 
time of economic recession , and 
was replaced by Mexico. 

The duster of World Cap 
squads here have been attracted 
by the chance to train at high 
altitude (at 8,600 feet Bogota is 
over 1,000 feet higher Him 
M exico City) while also gaming 
match practice in low-lying 
tropical regions where foe beat 
is as intease as England will 
encounter in . Monterrey. Both 
Uruguay and Argentina looked 
Impressive- in games in 
Colombia's sizzling- 1 Caribbean 
port of Barranqmlla against 
local dub, Atletico Junior: Uru- 
guay won 2-1 and Argentina 
drew (ML 

With the Spanish Nations 
Cup securely under their beh, 
the British ndecs compete today 
m the final competition of the 
meeting, the Jertz Jumping 
Derby. Yesterday was a rest day 
for the horses m between the 
two major competitions. 

Nick Skelton should have the 
best chance of winning the 
£8,000 first prize with his grand 
prix runner-up. Raffles Apollo. 
The long galloping course 
should suit the Dutch-bred geld- 
ing who was runner-up at the 
Htcksxead jumping derby two 
years ago. 

John and Michael Whitaker 
will compete on Next Hop- 
scotch and Next Amanda, 
respectively, and Malcolm 
Pyrah. who saved the day for 
Britain in Monday’s Nations 
Cup with three dear rounds on 
Towerlands Diamond S eeke r, 
will jump the Irish-bred gelding 
again today, but does dm rate 
his chances highly. “He is sola 
derby horse," he said yesterday. 

This is only the second run- 
ning of the Jerez derby and the 
riders are hoping for an 
improvement to last year’s 
course when, as John Whitaker 
put it, “They were still digging 
out the ditch for the Devil's 
Dyke when the competition was 
due to start." That fence, with 
ns very steep ditch, proved the 
main problem last year — even 
the winner. Jan Tops, from The 
Netherlands, who competes 
again today, had a stop there last 
year. The ditch this year has 
more gently _ 

Pio Delgado Ribefles* courses 
during the six-day m eeti n g here 
have been much admired, 
particularly fay the Hickstead 
course designer, Pamela 
Cairn there, who is the 
judge at this show, 
however, was speaking out yes- 
terday about the shortcomings 
of the water jump in the Nations 
Cup course where several 
horses, including Next Hop- 
scotch and Raffles Apollo, col- 
lected four faults. Pyrah said it 
bad caused problems because 
the water had not been coloured 
dark blue so the horses could see 
the bottom and were not afraid 
to jump into it rather than over 
it Eventually it transpired that 
the organizers had inte nded 
colouring the water but found 
the shops were font when they 
went to buy the blue powder. 

Despite the surprisingly pro- 
longed struggle which ensued 
before the British won the 
Nations Cup — it was won after 
a three-team jump off between 
the Belgians and West Germans 
— Ronnie Massarefla. the ream 
manager, is well satisfied with 
his four riders. They had worked 
together as a team and be said it 
had provided them with just the 
right build-up for July’s world 
championships. He admitted 

that be had not expected it to be 
such a struggle for them to win 
but added that it was no bad 
thing because it would stop 
them being too complacent 
There is certainly no room for 
complacency. While Britain 
were fielding their four top 
riders, the West Germans who 
finished third, had only their 
third best team and the Belgians, 
the runners-up were without 
two of their top riders, including 
Eric Wanters. They, however, 
did discover a trump card in 
Joris Meulemans. aged 26, who 
was making his debut in a 
Nations Cup team. He had eight 
faults in the first round and then 
two clear rounds on his grand 
prix winner, Acardc He is a 
contender for a place in foe 
Belgian team for the world 
championships which, at the 
beginning of tht« meetin g, he 
said were only a “remote 



r Jersey ( 

The former heavyweight cham- 
pion. Larry Hohnes. told a New 
Jersey state legislative commit- 
tee yesterday that boxing should 
be better regulated to protect the 
health and financial interests of 
the competitors. 

Holmes, Who lost a decision 
to Michael Spinks on April 19 in 
an International Boxing Federa- 
tion (1BF) dummotuhip bOuL. 
assailed promoters and judges, 
saying regulations ought to fo- 
cus on ensuring that people who 
decide the outcomes of fightsaxe 
qualified and Mr. “when a. 
fighrer works hard, and gets.m 
there and wins, be should get foe 
decision,” HohnesrsauL adding. 
“The last fight was taken from 

Holmes testified before a 
committee which is looking into 
recommendations that would 
regulate the sport in New Jersey. 
In December the state's 
commission on investigation 
proposed that boxing be banned 
or tightly regulated. Since then a 
number of proposals have been 
made to regulate the sport. The 
proposals include requiring two 
physidans and an ambulance at 
aH bouts; requiring boxers to 
wait specified amounts of time 
before fighting again; re quiring 
promoters to supply medical 
insurance to boxers; licensing 
promoters; and requiring back- 

ground investigations of 
promoters, managers and 

Holmes said that boxing of- 
fers many youngsters a chance 
to rise from economic despair 
and gain success and feme He 
added that he opposes any 
efforts to ban the sport. “I would 
. like to see other young boxers 
follow in my footsteps." he said. 
“When they talk about banning 
boxing, they talk about banning 

. He shrugged off suggestions 
that , foe sport is too brutal, 
saying: “I have off niy faculties." 
He conceded, however, that foe 
sport has room for improve- 
. menu and suggested foal the 
thumbs on boxing gloves be tied 
down to prevent eye injuries. 
Slates that prohibit managers 
and trainers from shouting 
instructions during bouts 
should lift the bans, be added. 

Heatiso said all boxers should 
have to wait 60 days between 
bouts, or 90 days if they have 
been knocked out. In bouts of 
eight rounds or fewer. Holmes 
rid. boxers should be required 
to wear protective bead gear. I 
Boxers - should be required to 
undergo ‘ annual brain scans, 
stress tests and other medical 
examinations, be said. Healso 
suggested that promoters and 
boxing associations contribute 
to a pension fund that should be 
created to assist retired boxers. 


Panin lowers bis sights 
but raises his hopes 

By a Correspondent 

Onzty Panin, of New Zealand, 
once ranked in the world's top 
1 2, was held up by heavy rain on 
his retnm to the circuit in foe 
Prudential international tour- 
nament at Paddington in West 

6* W;J Good* WCKenobdi; 61.7-5; 

fr8ryd» (AIM U A Sphari. 6-T. 7-5; G 
Eogtoran pTs Jsnfens, >7. 7-5. 63; P 

, 1 
1-- {I’’’ 

Russel M O Kate. W. S-G: 0 Mdttxwt tat 
p Mas am. 7-5. 6-1 ;S Hnq M i Pwier- 

- :u 

London yesterday. 
Partin, aged 39. a ' 

quarter-finalist in 1971 and 
1972, beat several of foe world's 
top players at his peak 10 years 
ago, John McEnroe. Jimmy 
Connors. Die Nastaseand Ros- 
coe Tanner have all lost to the 
former Davis Cup player. 

Now based in London and 
coaching at the David Lloyd 
Centre, at Heston, Panin be- 
lieves he can still- surprise 
several world ranked players in 
foe week and justify bis fifth 
seeding. He said: “1 am fit and 
fast i-nrmgh and coaching has 
helped me maintain reasonable 

Last month Parun defeated 
Stuart Bale, the British No. 4, in 
straight sets during a ratings 
tournament at Bexley, Kent 
Bale is the favourite to win foe 
Paddington title. 

The third and tenth seeds. 

r (Ami 5-7. 6-2. M; N Bora* 
_ Jbt J Dawson. 63, 64. I* Bfcncow M 
3. M.-F Madoa M C Waafcn. AA 6-1; M 

Baraci) (AuS) bt A Ooagfu. 64, 7-5; C 
Part tat CO*** &-3.&XJS 

; J Sou&corato 

hr K Catalan (US). 63. 6-1; D Sra* w 7 
Keete, 8-c. mTsboHIbW tar C Staw. M. 

i ' ' 

6-1: DBoCj* {5A)CX I Moqgn. 8-3,6-ft N 


. _ . L Getting bt J 
6-7. 7-& 8-3: P On«y or 
‘ 6-4; D RoMra bt M 
U Rabrnson btP 

(Uganda). 6-2, 6-3tJ S Cray tar P 
*. 7-5. A-6, 

46. 6-3; i E to« «an tat 0 

H a noa rao n. 6-3. 6-2 C Route (US) bt W 
Doratt *o n.6-T.6-1;LAttwitatDteon.6- 

& « AAttno bt A Srnofc 6-1. 2-6, .61. 
M tiJMway (PMg. 64L 8-1; K Kan w.a K 

Bfltmnr— ^. »r.-n. T .W.. rr 
SMdan Mad AmMa 2-0 cSraua am 
Graft J Mfamn bt P CM) *6. 63, 7-6. II 
K&PMcMunw 62.66 

Franc* Mas vwat Garaany 60 (ffinS 1 

. gfAMmiw62.6-r.H 


ifrsn TnaamwAiauMrl 


: Mat raaMb L Sawnama (USSR) tf 

N 0 «» (8w* 64. 66t I Oarawor (A 1 n s 


Mike Baroch and Neil Smith, 
both, from Australia, will meet 
in foe round of foe last 16 after 
they raced to second round 
victories between the showers. 
Baroch overcame Ludwfe Gol- 
ding. of Kent. 6-3, 6-3, and 

Smith defeated the British ju- 
nior. Damn Kirk, of Lincoln- 

shire, 6-1, 6-1. 

smatQr A AHano me Mttn, 6-1. 2-6. 6-1. 
Sacood round: N Srtfh (Aos) H D Kirk. 6 
1. 6-1 ; MBarectUAuEjttL GoUng. 63,6- 

P ant n o m arttp (USSR) 6-Q. 1 . 
mot A unagrwtArm&a 6*. ICurtof 

’(NaMS’7. 64.6-4; 

» (US) 64. 61: J 
) bt P Pnda (FO 62. *4. 64; R 
M UadOQM (Swat 64. 60; E 
U8 Ha»fUffl*4.6A 64C 
i Of S Scm (8ttttK 61. 84; K 
Moran (US) bt M Tg«t** (US 61. 6ft P 
Mwvaoot&tt) Bt E raua Wap) «-6. 7-6.7* 
N Tmamffrju M JaaOMC (Yuffl 74. 61 S 
vraannM W A OMowaa |AwT6A 61; M 
RMarattuMlCti b» J Thomson (***] 61. *• 
ft 74. Sanaa mad: TPM*» (US) M 
Sancnaz 6-1. 6ft feggi tat Yauog 64 61 . 


tt '-‘lu'JS 

Monday’s results 

ware smiles: mrmndt s Bata bt A . 

6-1. 60; P 

LEABOHa Bsoaers m&mv ys 


1. M Karaft»«. SBSttJ 
: 2. C Lloyd. SM. 225: IS 


R warren. 7-5. 6-0: 1 

SB442S0: 5. M Suwwa (QLS2263S. B. P j 
Simaar. SZitJOO: 7. H UandHOM (CZ).-* 

S15**W: ft VI TnmbiS (AM). SI 10900: ft K 
mrat.S1UU5ft 1 a. K Jordan. Si 01.000. 


HNAL RESULTS (after three- t ea m Jump- 

12 . 

off): 1, Great Britain, ft. 2. 

West Germany. 12. M 
Raffles ApoHo (N Stetton) 0. ft 4; Amanda 

West Germany. 

3fflesApoHo(N . . 

I Whitaker) 0, 4. 0; Toratands Diamond 

Seefcar M Pyrah) 0, ft 0; New Hopscotch 
(J WWafej rsL 4.0. Pitace FWBp Prosy 
** :1. Great Bntatai. 16; 2. France, 


Germany 12. 




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snd ragMsr: Chris and JiAe FWay 



Incurring wrath of 
the supporters 

It wss the combination of the two 
things — the dropping rtf- Parker 
followed by asking Australia to bat — 
that caused wrath among English 
supporters, especially in the west In 
Bristol The Western Dotty Press 
enquired: “If Parker cannot play in 
these conditions ami circ um stances, 
when will bis claims be considered?” 
Time provided a doleful answer. 

The England selectors that year 
were PJF. Warner (chairman), PA 
Perrin, AEJL G ilKgan, and two 
professionals, Hobbs and Rhodes. 
The profesaosals did not take a very 
prominent part in foe fifflissiw*- 
Tbe captain was always consulted. 
Warner wrote afterwards (a) that it 
was a committee decision and (fa) that 
Carr had exactly foe side be wanted, 
an evasive eondnsion. Parker had no 
doubt that Warner was responsible. 
The two men did not get on, and there 

especially those 
who did not like him, took 5,278 
wickets in first-class cricket. Only 
Rhodes and Freeman have taken 
more. He played only once for 
En gl a nd , in 1921. On several other 
occasions he was standing by, bat left 
aside at the last moment. He was 
undoubtedly a great bowler, but he 
was also iradoabtedly an inveterate 
grumbler and a gen erally difficult 
chap, and It was with relief that 
selectors and captains would drop 
him, if they thought they had a 
reasonable excuse. At Leeds in 1926 
there was no reasonable excuse. 

Yet a couple more points may be 
notic ed. How difficult did the pitch 
turn out to be? The correspo n dent of 
The Times averred that “not a ball 
hopped, not a ball turned sharply, aD 
day". Opinion was heavily against 
him, but England had two other slow 
left-handers in the team — Kflner and. 
Woolley. Kilner was chosen as an *11- 
roander. ami Woolley did not bowl 
mtfcli by then. Their figures were 
Kilner 37-6-106-2, Wooifey 4-0-26-0. 

TTiis suggests that The Times 
correspondent had a point The final 
choice for foe ride was thought to be 
between Farkerasd Macaulay. Ma- 

BJmPEAN TOUR: LoadnQ mmfu 
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The most dangerous 
bowler in conntry 

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Macartney considered him the 
most dangerous bowler in the country 

and had promised to knock him out of 
the side. Warner wrote that be 
“murdered Macaulay". 

Macaulay got Macartney out, in 
foe end, but it was his only .wicket for 
123 runs, and he never played agwm^t 
Australia again. However, he scored 
76. an innings which had much to do 
with saving foe match. 

Would Macartney have dealt so 
effectively with Parka? It b not 
impossible, but it would have been 
interesting to see him try. 

And then in 1930, in the last Test at 
foe Oval, Parka- was again «n* n«g 
those called on to be present for 
England, and again left out In foe 
following match, at BristoL to be sure 
oa a very different pitch, Gloucester- 
shire tied with foe Australians. 
Parker took JO wickets in the matrli, 
including font of Bradman. In that 
Test at the Oval in 1930. foe final 
choke once more had rested with foe 
captain. He was RXS. Wyatt. 


Stomef . S10&41& 4- j Hoar. SiOftBIS; ft B 

MBg-SIQqjP& ft P SheWan. S8A80& 7. C 


Monday’s late results 


Oorts: flood to firm 

7.20(501. IlnBHrt (Raul Eddery. 10- 





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gto g? : 4a OF: £28.00. CSP £4134. 


_ 6MCT1.ToncliOfGi.ytQi 

Bell’s masts become 
the order of the day 

Sydney (Reuter) — Dennis 
Conner, the United States skip- 
per who lost the America's Cup 
in 1983, is turning to Australia, 
the country that defeated him, 
for the technology to help 
recover it. Conner has asked 
Mike Beil, a Sydney mast- 
builder. to supply two 546,800 
(about £30,800} masts to the 
New York Yacht Club's 

America U is the most highly- 
rated of the 12 syndicates 
competing for the right to race' 
against an Australian cup de- 
fender off Perth, Western 
Australia, next February. • • - - 

Conner suffered the ignominy 
of losing the cap to Alan Bond's 

Australia II three years ago and 
bringing to an end the New 
York Yacht Cub's 132-year 
hold on the trophy. 

America II is not the only 
foreign syndicate turning to 
Bell's Zapspar company for the 
sophisticated masts. The New 
Zealand team, "a French syn- 
dicate and. a second American 
syndicate have also .submitted . jV 
orders. v-- -. 

“Our masts are a single-piece 

extrusion that is shaped using ^ 
techniques superior to anything 
available in Europe or 
America,” “Bell said. “We have 
just received an order for three 
from one of the Frtndt 


Saronni still in lead 

. Rieti. Italy (AP) — Acacio Da 
Silva, of Portugal, woo a three- 
man sprint hoe yesterday to 
take the ninth stage of the Italian 

cycling tour, a tough 172km ride 
from Avezzano 

covering . the distance in 4hr 
48min 8 sec. 

Greg Lemond. of the United 
States, won the sprint of the 

to Rieti. 
Giuseppe Saronni, who com- 
pleted the leg in a group of 30 
cyclists I min 32sec behind the 
winner, retained the pink , 
of overall leader for the 
consecutive day. 

to take fourth place and a 
vc-second bonus. Vandi 




■ Da SHva edged out the Ital- 
ians. Alfia Vandi and Marco 
Giovannerti. at the finish line; 

fandi was 
the hero of the day, attempting a 
solo break on the slopes of the 1*.- 
Terminiilo mountain,, about 
80km. from the finish. He was 
caught by Da Silva ana 
Giovannetli 7km from Rich 
and . was overwhelmed in the 
sprint by the fester Portuguese. 

The 22-stage marathon ends to 
Merano on June 2. 



European league and cup results 

CZECHOSLOVAK: Dynamo BudeJwA* 1, 

Ban* Ostrava v. Botwnuna Prague 3, 
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’ » 0; Span* Trwa 1. Spans 
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Real Madrid ft Barcelona * 

CS- . 


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pnMMttontalagetton, second 
Bonnart Dortmund ft FOnuw ~ 

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'Ijrjh -U.ljSb 1 




Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 




1 i ’ t I". r 

-A ijijTj. 


s.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Saftna Scott. 
Weather at fi-K^SsT 
7.55, iL25 and 8.55* 
regi onat news. weather 
and traffic at t57, 

737 and &27; national and 

international news at 7 JHL 

730, 830, 030 and oioT 
sport at 730 and 830; the 
new pop record charts at 
732; and a review of the 
morning newspapers at 
®-37. Pus, Beverly Alt’s 
fash on ideas; and Alison 
Mitchell's 'phone-in 
financial advice. 

9l20 Ceefax 1030 Play School 
1030 Gharbar includes a 
discussion with a group of 
teachers on what 
rmrttTCultural education 
involves. 11.15 Ceefax. 

1230 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Sue Carpenter, includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1235 Regional 
news and weather. 

130 Pebble HGB at One. 

Magnus Magnusson, Bob 
Langley and Jill Crawshaw 
sample the delights of 
Yugoslavia. Jill Crawshaw 
reports from Dubrovnik; 
Magnus Magnusson is in 
Sarajevo; and Bob 
Langley calls on Sir Frtzroy 
Maoean at his island 
home of Korcula. 130 
Bertha, (rj 235 Ceefax. 

2.15 Racing from Goodwood. 
JuBan Wilson introduces 
coverage of the 
Chichester Festival Silver 
Jubilee Theatre Stakes 
@.30); the Clive Graham 
Stakes (3.00); the 
Schroder Predominate 
Stakes (3.35). The 4.05 
race is on BSC 2. 332 
Regional news. 

335 lip Our Street (rt 4.10 
Dogtanian and the Three 
Muskehounds (r) 430 

. Take Two. Under 
discussion this week are 
The Saturday Picture 
Show and No Place Like 

435 John Craven’s 

Newsround 535 Joesy’s 
Giants. The final episode 
of the football serial 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 

sport at &40 and 7 Mi 

ies. Cartoon. 

630 News with Nicholas 
Witchell and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather. 

635 London Phis. ■ 

7.00 Wogan. The armchair 
athlete watches a Green 
Goddess work-out at the 
House of Commons 
featuring, among others, 
David Owen. David Steel, 
Neil Kin nock. Roy 
Hattersley, Cedi 
Parkinson, Frank Bruno 
and Tessa Sanderson. 
Back in the studio Terry 
chats to Katherine 
HeJmond, Bob Worcester 
and Anna Ford. Plus a 
song from Pete Wylie 

7.40 Lame Ducks. Comedy 
series starring John 
Duttine as the reluctant 
eremite who attracts a 
disparate group of 
hangers-on as he 
searches for the quiet Be. 

8.10 Dallas. Sue Ellen's 
decision about returning to 
Southfork is awaited with 
interest by several parties. 

9.00 News with Julia Somerville 
end John Humphrys. 

930 Q.E.D. The Invisible 

KMer. An investigation into 
the mysterious sickness 
that is affecting the cattle 
owned by the 
Montgomerys and other 
farmers who live in the 
area of Drumgiass Farm. 

1030 The Africans. A preview 
of the series that begins 
next Wednesday on this 

10.20 International Boxing. Last 
night s bouts from 
Wembley Arena featuring 
welterweights Lloyd 
Honeyghan and Horace 
Shufford; and flyweights 
Charlie Magri and Duke 

11.10 Summer of 66. John 
Motson introduces 
highlights of West 
Germany's 1966 World 
Cup football matches 
against Switzerland and 

11.45 Weather. 

at 735; pop video at 735; 
vMeo report at 830; Claire 
problems of 

communication between 
partners on sexual 
matters at 933. 


935 Thames news headlines. 

930 For Schools: religious 
education - saints 9.47 A 
visit to the Lego factory in 
BiHund. Denmark 1034 
The magic and fur? of 
words 1021 the 

manufacture of modem 
fibre glass boats 1033 

1130 Poetry 1130 

- kinds of 

greetings 1130 Chemistry 
experiment - a kinetic 
study using 

1135 Courageous (&ln the 
Case of the Dreggy 
Dragster 12.00 Portland 
Bill. Adventures of a 
tigttthouse keeper 12.10 
Our Backyard Whh a 
computer that can draw 


Adole This third 
_ ammem the series 
- parents presented by 
Anna Ford examines what 
happens to adolescents 
during puberty and the 
problems that teenagers' 
sexual awakening can 

130 News at One 130 Thames 
news presented by Robin 

130 The Champions. The 
Nemesis agents are in the 
Caribbean looking for 
someone who needs a 
Greek-speaking parrot, (r) 
230 Farmhouse Kitchen. 
Grace Mulligan's guest, 
Nanu Kwatia. prepares 
Tandoori chickenas Itis 
done In her native Punjab. 

3.00 ■— — 


Royal Holloway College, 
London v University 
College, Cardiff. 
Presented by Bamber 
Gascons 335 Thames 
news headBnes 330 Sons 
and Daughters. 

A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Blunders. 
Cartoon serial about an 
accident-prone family. 
With the voice of Frankie 
Howerd 4-15 BssTs Joke 
Machine 430 Poparotxid. 
Pop music quiz presented 
by Gary Crawley 435 
Roadrunner. Cartoon. 

530 BeBsmy's Bugle. David 
BeHamy with another 
programme in his nature 
conservation series. 5.15 
Saver Spoons. American 
comedy series. 

5.45 News 630 Thames news. 

635 HeJplViv Taylor Gee with 
news of Family Service 

. . units, a charity that helps 

disadvantaged families. 

635 Crossroads. Joanne 
attends an Inner light 

7.00 Where Thera’s Life 

_ Twentythree 

year ok! Jane, a mother of 
two. and her husband, talk 
about how the -husband's 
leukaemia has affected 
their marriage and how 
they faced up to the crisis. 

730 Coronation Street ivy 
teams of Brian TUsley's 
emigration plans. (Oracle) 

830 The Benny Hffl Show. 
Another selection of . 
sketches and songs, 
larded with innuendo, (r) 

930 Edward and Mrs - 
Simpson. The third and 
final evening’s showing of 

the mkii senes dramatizing 
the royal romance that 
cost tne King his throne. 
Starring Edward Fox and 
Cynthia Harris. The final 
two hour segment is after 
the news, (r) 

1030 News at Ten ami weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1030 Edward and Mrs Simpson 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

Back to the doctor Peter 
Davison (BBC2, 935pm) 

PRACTICE (BBC2, 935pm) is 
part-comedy, part-satire, 
medics on a university 
campus, whether the parts add 
up and stay the course - 
there are seven episodes, which 
could be a couple too many - 
onty the next tew Wednesday 
evenings will teff but the initial 
signs are promising. Having 
established that the practice 
is not only peculiar but possibly 
the worst in tfw land, the 
writer Andrew Davies employs 
the timeless dramatic device 
of Introducing into this amiable 
Shambles a wfitog Innocent 
He is played, somewhat 

predictably, by Peter 
Davison, and off him bounce the 
other characters: alcoholic 
boss (the splendid Graham 
Crowden). aggressive 

feminist (Barbara Flynn), public 
school fascist (David 
Troughton). Romance lurks in the 
shapely shape of a 

ittwQod). Comparisons with 
other campus satires, notably 
The History Mm and Lucky 
Jtm, wifi be inevitable and an 
ultimate test of this series wiQ 
be how far It succeeds in 
creating its own style. 

(Channel 4, 9pm) is a feature- 
length film by the American 
Charted Adas (the documentary 
maker, not the muscle man) 
about the dazzling young star of 
British dance. Michael Clark. 

Using a “day-ln-the life-of" 

framework, it is a rounded 
and comprehensive portrait. 

which combines reportage 
and fantasy and sets its subject 
to a context much wider than 
the view from the stalls. Clark’s 
choreography anchors the 
piece together (12 dance 
sequences are featured), 
while providing the base from 
which to explore the 
inspirations of his work, the 
fashions, the music, the night 
dubs of young London to tne 
19805. Like any innovator, 

Clark faces the constant hazard 
of trying to make each new 
piece more mind-bending than 
the last and there have been 
dark whispers that at the ripe old 
age of 23 he is already 
snowing signs of creative 
sterility. To such 
blasphemies, this programme is 
the strongest possible retort 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2 

635 Open University; 
Technology- the OB 
Game. Bias at 730. 

930 Ceefax. 

10.00 Daytime on Twoc for fbur- 
and five-year okte 10-15 
Young people use CSE 
maths at work 1038 
Statistics - regression 
1130 Shadows and 
shapes. For the very 
young 11.17 The final 
episode of a French 
language adventure serial 
1133 Problems for 10 - to 
12-year otds 11.40 A 
school party visit the 
battlefields and 
cemeteries of the First 
World War 1235 Ceefax 
143 Austrian He 230 The 
streets of Pompeii 2.18 An 
artist’s individuality 240 
. The Greeks and the 
Persian Wars. 

330 Ceefax. 

330 Racing from Goodwood, 
continued from BBC 1. 

The EBF Cucumber 
Stakes (4.05) The 
commentators are Peter 
O' Sulla van, Jimmy LincBey 
and John Hanmer. 

430 Ceefax. 

53S News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

530 Secret Nature. The first of 
six programmes to which 
Andrew Cooper explores 
the natural history of a 
Devon farm, (r) 

630 FBm: The Man in the 
White Suir (1951) starring 
Alec Guinness, Joan 
Greenwood and Cecil 
Parker. An 
about a humble 

worker who discovers a 
material that can never 
wear out or get dirty. He is 

s la ck of 
for his 
discovery but is 
determined that everybody 
should know about it 
Directed by Alexander 
MacKend nek .(Ceefax) 

735 The Chelsea Rower 
Show. Peter Seabnook 
and Alan fitch marsh take 
us on a tour of the 
displays of flowers, trees 
and shrubs. 

830 Forever England. In the 
third programme of her 
S ix-part series on the 
. concept of the north and 
south divide Beryl 
-Bainbridge visits the 
Johnson family of 
OtterDum in the Border 

930 M*A*S*H. During a cokl 
sped, a pair of Hawkaye's 
tong-johns become the 
4077 th's most desirable 
property, (r) 

935 A Very Peculiar Practice. 
Episode one of a new 
seven-part drama serial 
starring Peter Davison as 
an altruistic young doctor 
who Joins a group practice 
at Lowtands University 
where he quickly becomes 
- disillusioned, thanks to the 
attitudes of his colleagues, 
(see Choice) (Ceefax) 

Sing Country. A Janie 
Fricks spedai from the 
Silk Cut Festival. Her 
guest is Joh 

nationaland international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 

1135 Weather. 

1130 Open University: Tom 
Stoppard's play. Jumpers 
1135 Dinner at Baron 
d'Hoibach's. Ends at 

2.15 Thefr Lordship 1 House. A 
repeat of last night's 
heights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

238 Paris, J Love You. Turn of 
the century Paris 
recreated to song and 
dance by Zm Jeanmalre, 
Gregg Burge and the 
Ballet National da 
Marseille. Choreographed 


by Roland Petit 



quest is Johnny Duncan. 
' The latest 

Extra: The Dream 
Machine* Denis MiteheTs 
film, made in 1964. 
focussing on the work of 
Francis Essex, then an 
ATV light entertainment 
producer, and Roy Knight 
a lecturer in television at 
Durham University. The 
film follows Essex 
planning, rehearsing and 
recording a variety show. 
Six WOnaerful Gins, 
interspersed with Knight's 
questioning of Essex and 
his pungent remarks about 
popular television. 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is chaflenged by 
Anne Tipp from 

530 Alice. The Phoenix, 

Arizona, diner waitress, 
helps her employer's 
mother overcome the 
boredom of old age by 
launching her on a stoging 

530 Premier Joure. A 

Canadian-made animated 
film about two lovers on 
the sea shore. 

535 Mother and Son. 

Australian comedy series 
abauta fly. eWerty widow 
and her recently divorced 
son who goes to tore with 

630 Flashback: Towards the 
Promised Land 1942-45. 
How plans for the welfare 
state evolved during the 
war years, (r) (Grade) 

7.00 Channel Four news. 

730 Comment This week's 
political slot is filed by 
Harriet Harman, rhe 
Labour Party's 
spokesman on Health and 
Social Security. Weather. 

830 Galery. Art panel game 
chaired by GeorgeMeily. 
This ween, Maggi 
Hambling and Frank 
Wfiitfordara joined by 
Jonathan Mfller and Paul 
Gouch.The students are 
Judith Mottram from 
Manchester Polytechnic, 
and Sandy Crete who is 
studying at St Martin's 
School of Art to London. 

830 Diverse Reports. Christine 
Chapman presents the 
findings of a report on the 
efficiency of teaching to 

330 Dance on Four Hail the 
New Puritan! A specially 
commissioned film 
starring Michael Clark, 
following him through mi 
imaginary day to Itis life, 
(see Choree) 

1040 Fim: BOR (1971) A black 
comedy about a menage- 
a-trois that eventually 
becomes a menage-a- 
quatre when a young 
woman, her husband and 
father-in-law are joined by 
a shoplifter. Starring Mane 
Dubois and Jufian 
Negulesco. Directed by 
Claude Faraldo. French 
with English subtitles. 

1235 Their Lordships' House. 
Highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. Ends at 1240. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


S3 5 Shipping. 630 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Famting. 

635 Prayer (s). 

630 Today, including 630, 

730, &3Q News. 645 
Business News. 535, 735 
Weather. 730, 830 
News. 735, 635 Sport 735 
Thought for the Day. 835 
Yesterday in ParUament 
837 Weather; Travel. 

9.00 News. 

935 Mdv^lcwith LMy 

1030 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time. From 
Knaresborough, North 

1030 Morning Story; The 
Teuorsof Basket- 
weaving, by Patricia 

1045 Daily Service. {New 
Every Morning, page 

1130 News. Travel; The Wolf 
Years. Gurtnar Sonstsby, 
in conversation with 
Murdoch McPherson, 
tells of the Norwegians who. 
after the invasion of 
Norway in 1S40, trekked to 
Sweden (r). 

11.48 Dancing a Horn; 

Fetters. Suzanne 1 
reads from thejoumafs and 
letters of the 19th 
century actress, Fanny 

1230 News; You and Yours, 
with John Howard. 

1237 Around the World m 25 
years. Johnny Morris 
recalls some of the places he 
has visited and people 
he has met South America. 
1235 Weather. 

130 The World at One: News. 

140 The Archers. 135 

230 8S&» n s Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Up Against the 
Wad. by Alton Saddlers). 

3.47 English Now. David 
Crystal looks at Engtish 

430 News. 

435 File on 4. Major issues at 
home end abroad. 

445 Kaleidoscope Extra. 

Craig Brown, with the 
help of the BSC Monitoring 
Service, investigates am 
broadcasting on international 
radio stations. 

530 PM; News magazine. 

530 Shipptog Forecast 
535 weather. 

630 News; Financial Report' 

630 First Night Impresstons. 
Robert Cushman 

presents his personal view 
of the British theatre 
from 1973 to 1984 js). 

7.00 News. 

735 The Archers. 

730 In Business. Peter Smith 

745 Groundsweli. Eric 
Robson examines 
Britain's efforts to dean up 
the North Sea. 

a.15 Analysis. Dr Beryl 
Sprmkel. chairman of 
President Reagan's Council 
ot Economic Advisers, 
talks about American 
economic policy. 

930 Thirty-Minute Theatre. 
Letters from Kim, by 
Carole Hayman. (rys). 

930 Adventure. Mike 
Hdfingworth looks at 
new ideas and topical events 
for people interested in 
adventure pursuits. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Indudes 
comment on the film 
"Biggies", and the Red 
Ladder tour. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Girl in His Past, by 
Georgas Simenon (3). 1039 

1030 The Wotid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11 Today in Parfiament 

1230 News; Weather. 

1233 Shipping Forecast 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5.5S-6.0Gam Weather, 
Travel. 11.00-1230 For 
Schools: 11 .00 Music 
Workshop (s). 1135 
Junior Drama Workshop (s). 
11 45 Singing Along (s). 
135-3-OGpm For Schools: 

135 Listening Comer. 

235 Looking at Nature (s). 
230 Discovery (s). 240 
Pictures in Your Mind 
(Poetry). 230 Something 
to Think About. 530-535 PM 
(continued). 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 
1130 Graphs and 
Equations. 1130 The Oil 
Game: Round 2. 1230- 
1.10 Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: Help 
Yourself to Biology. 1230 On 
Guard Against the Germs. 
1230 infection and the 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

635 Weather. 730 News 

7.05 Morning Concert 

Gershwin (Strike up the 
Band). Boccherini (Guitar 
Quintet No 6 in E minor: 

" Pepe Romero, soloist). 

Respighi (Feste 
Romano;. 830 News 
835 Concert (COntd): 

Prokofiev (Symphonic 
sketch Autumn). Saint- Saens 
(Cello Concerto Nol; 
witn Paul Tone bar, soloist), 
Rachmaninov (Vocalise 
Op 34 No 14). Chausson 
(Poems, for violin, 
orchestra: Perlman is 
soloist). 9.00 News 
935 This Week's Composer 
Rubbra. Storm Quartet 
Ralph Vaughan 
Williams's /Oth Birthday, and 
Piano Concerto in G. Op 

10.00 The Faithful Shepherd: 

RPO under Beecham 
play the Handel suite, 
arranged by Beecham 
1030 Deime String Quartet 
Haydn (Quartet m B flat 
76 No 4. Daniel Jones 
iartet ' 


i (Quartet In A 

mmor. Op 132) 

12.15 Concert Hall: Angela 
Hewitt (piano). Bach 
(kalian Concerto. BWV 971). 
Faure (Ballade. Op 19). 

Liszt (MepMsto waltz No 1). 
1.00 News 
135 Sonny RoHms: 

recordings made by the 
American tenor saxophonist 
130 Matinee Musicale: BBC 
Concert Orchestra 
(under Lockhart), with 
Richard Watkins (hom). 

John Blakeley (piano). 
Rossini (Semiramide 
overture). Damase (Pavane 
vanee, for hom and 
piano). Lalo(La Siesta), 
Saim-Saens (Morceau de 
concert for hom, orchestra. 
Op 94). Strauss (1001 
Nights), Abbott (Alla Cacda), 
Stirling (Namepiece: 
Homcore), Rimsky-Korsakov 
(Sadko. Op 5 musical 

230 Harpsichord musm by 
Durante, played by David 

330 Boulez: Antitti Quartet 
with Elizabeth Laurence 
(mezzo), and Ensemble 
[ntercontemporain (under 
Boulez). Uvre pour quatuor 
Le marteau sans martre 
430 Choral Evensong: from 
Chichester Cathedral. A 
live transmission . 435 News 
530 Midweek Choice: Flotaw 
(Alessandro StradeHa 
overture), PonchieBi (Quintet 
for piano, wind). Kurtag 
(String Quartet Op 1), Hollins 
(Song of Sunshine: 

Lind ley. organ), Mozart 
(Piano Concerto No 23: 

Denis Matthews, soloist), 
Poulenc (Sonata for 
hom. trumpet trombone: 
Civil. Wilbraham. Iveson), 
Tchaikovsky (The Tempest 

7.00 Debut Akiko Eb I (piano). 
Beethoven (Sonata in F, 

Op 10 No 2). Chopin (Ballade 
Nol in G minor), Ravel 
(Jeux d'eau) 

730 Apeing Gestures: 

Similarity and differences 
between human and animal 

830 King Arthur Opera by 
Dryden and PurcelL Part 
one. Acts 1 and 2. John Blot 
Gardiner conducts. 

English Baroque 
Char/and soloists Jennifer 
Smith. Gilian Fisher. 
Bisabeth Priday, Ashley 
: . Stafford. Martyn Hill, 

Stephen Varcoe. 

840 Six Continents: foreign 
monitored by the BBC 
930 King Arthur part two. 

Acts 3. 4 and 5 

10.15 Stephen Games's 
unorthodox arts 

magazine (rj 

11.00 Manchester Chamber 
Concert Alexander 
Bailie (cello). Ian Brown 
(piano). Bach (Sonata in 
Gminor, BWV 1029). 

Janacefc (Pohadka). 
Faure(Etegie. 0p24), 

Dvorak (Rondo in G 
minor. Op 94), Schumann 
(Adagio and Allegro mA 
fiat, op 70) 

11.57 News. 1230 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
530am. 630.730 and 830. Sports 
Desk s: 1.05pm, 232, 332, 

432, 535, 6.02, 6.45 (mf only). 


430am Caries Move js) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 930 Kan Bruce (6)1130 
Michael Aspei (s) 1.05 pm David 
Jacobs (si 2.05 Sally 
Magnusson (phone-in) (s) 330 
David Hamilton (s) 5.05 John 
Dunn (5) 730 Folk on 2 (s) 8.30 
Cider N' Song with The Yetties. 

930 Listen to the Band (s) 9.55 
Sports Desk 1030 A Slight 
Case of Murdoch. Richard 
Murdoch chats to a Hve 
audience (7). 10.15 The Houghton 
Weavers 1030 Look What 
They've Done to My Song (Steve 
Race) 1130 Brian Matthew 
presents Round Midnight from New 
York (stereo from midnight) 

1.00am Peter Dickson presents 
Nightrioe (s) 3.00-4.00 A Little 
Night Music (s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half hour from 
630am until 930pm and at 1230 

530am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast show 930 Andy 
Peebles 1230pm Nawsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 1235 Gary Davies 
330 Mike Read 530 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 5.45 Bruno 
Brookes, incl at 630, a Top 30 
album chart 7.30 Janice Long 
1030-1230 John Peel (S). VHF 
Radios 162: 430am As Radio 2. 
1030 As Radio 1. 1 2.003.00am 
As Radio 2. 


SJU Newsdasfc 6-30 Mendiafi 7.00 News 
7JB Twentv-Pour Hours 7.30 Develop- 
ment Bfi CLOD News 8-09 Reflections 8.15 
Coescal Record Review 830 Brain of 
Bntam 1988 OJM News 839 Review o< the 
Bittsti Press 9.15 The World Today 930 
Fmanoai News 9.40 Look Ahead 94s The 
Waltz King ItLOO News 1031 Omnibus 
1130 World News 1139 News About 
Britain 11.15 On the Box 1125 A Letter 
from Wales 11-30 Meridian 1230 Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Nature Noteoook 12-25 
The Fermng World 12X5 Sports Roixid- 
up 130 News 1.09 Twenty-Four Hours 

The Al Read Show 430 News 439 
Commentary 5.45 Sports Round-up 735 
Good Books 830 News 839 Twenty-Four 
Hours 530 Assignment 030 News 931 
Network UK 9.15 Album Time 9.45 
Recording of tfw Week 1030 News 1039 
The World Today 10-25 A Letter from 
Wales 1030 Financial News 10.40 Reflec- 
tions 10.45 Sports Round-tip 1130 New3 
1139 Commentary It. IS Good Books 
1130 Top Twenty 1230 News 1239 
News About Britain 1215 Radio Newsreel 
1230 The Al Reed Show 130 News 131 
Ouflook 130 Waveguide 1.40 Book 
Choice 1.45 Living with Drought 230 
News 209 Renew of the British Press 
215 Network UK 230 Asngnment 3.00 
News 339 News About Britain 3.15 The 
EWorld Today 4.45 Fmaitial News 435 
Reflections SM. News 539 Twenty-Four 
Hours 535 The World Today. All times in 
GMT. . . 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285ni;1089kHz/27Sm; Radio 2: G93kHzf433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1 Z15kHz£47m: VHF -90-' 
92.5; Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1 152kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: l548kHz/l94m: VHF 95A BBC Radio London 
T458kHz/206m: VHF 94-9; Wortd Service MF 648KHz/463m. 

ROf» 4 WALES: 535pm-630 

uuu 1 wmos Todav. fi_37-7I 

watas Today. 637-730 Go 
er. SCOTLAND: 930enMQ30 The Gen- 
eral Assaimxy of the Church of 
Scotland- 1 1 -50-1 230p« The General 
' of the Church of ScoMand. 

The General Assembly ot the 

Church Of Scotland. 635-730 Fte- 
ponmg Scotland. NORTHERN IRELAND: 
2J5pm-330 Balmoral Show 1986. 
330-332 Racing hom Goodwood. 535- 
530 Today 's Sport- 530330 Irakfe 
Ulster 635-730 Balmoral Show 1906. 
f T35-1T30 News and weather. EN- 
GLAND: 635pm-?30 Regional news 



130 News 130 Short Story Theatre 
200-230 Probtam Page 230330 Young 
Doctore 5. 15-545 Cannectians 630- 
835 Channel Report 830-1030 F8nu 
Live and Let Die 1030 Goal! 1235am 

TVQ As London except 12Jflpm- 
112 130 Bygones iS News 130 
Short Story Theaire 230-23® Prob- 
lem Page 230-430 Young Doctore5.15- 
535 Connections 530-835 Coast To 
Coast 1235m Closedown 

III QTFR As London except: 
UL -°1 130 Lunchtime 130-230 

Country Practice 5.15-535 Star 
Choice 630-635 Good Evening Utster 
1225am News. Closedown. 

GRAMPI AN S^T2Mpm-130 

Al Home 130 News 1 30-230 Coun- 
try Practice 5.15-535 Emrnerdme Farm 
£30-835 North Tonight 1225am 
News. Ctosadown. 

•SCOTTISH Aa London ax- 

1 1 lon cept 123tow-130 
BH ABey At Home 130 News 130 
Job Spot 135 Film: The Fan. Oscar Wide 

335 Cuakl Mu'n Ghaiafwg - A 
About Gaelic 330-430 Report Back 
535-535 Emmerdale Farm 530 News 
and Scotland Today 6.15-730 
Mayfssirira Scotland Today 1235am Late 
CaB. Ciosadowa 

border SSS 5BS-IO, 

A Legend 130 News 130-230 
Coirtry Practice 330-430 Yotxxj Doc- 
tors 5.15-535 Star Chocs 630-635 
Lookaround 123Sem Ctoseoown. 

UTU WFST As London ex- 
m V WCOj. _ i230pm-130 
Gienroe 130 News 130-230 Scare- 
crow and Mre King 5.15-535 Star Chose 


11.15 Schools 1130-1135 Looking 
Fwwartt 630pm-635 Wales At Sec- 


Calendar Uncnwne Lwe 130 News 
130-230 Falcon Crest 5.15-535 Star 
Choice 630435 Calendar 1235am 


Wonts 130 News 130-230 Country 
Practice 5- 1 5-535 EmmerOate Farm 530- 
635 About Ang«a 1230am Cam- 
bridge Angle. Closedown. 

TYNF TCBC As London ex- 
J THE ICCa caot- t230pm-130 

Sea In Thttir Blood 130 News 135 
Where The Jobs Are 130-230 Country 
Practice 5.15-635 Star C luxes 630- 
635 Northern Lite 1235am Janets 

Oari starts 130pm Countdown 
130 a wham's worth 230 
Deearyddaelh- Japan 230 
Flalatmlam 235 Interval 2S5 Africa 255 
Flashback 435 Durrgll In Russia 435 

“ Blkdowcar 530 Pocket 

mma 530 BrookSKJe 

Woman 730 Newyddion 

Saiin 730 O Na Byddai'n Hat 0 Hyd 
B30 Roc 'Rol Te 830 Ll 

Diverse Re- 

lygad YGoniog 
y AMr 

255 D 

ports 1135 Inner Eye 1225am 

GRANADA As London *»- 
Vaiwnwu * C«pt* I230pm-130 

935 Fim: How To Marrv A Million- 
aire (Manlyn Monroe) 1035 
IS 11351 

Mr and Mrs 130 Granada Reports 
130-230 The Baron 330-4.00 Young 
Doctors 5.15-535 Srar Crimes 630 
Granada Reports 630-635 This Is Your 
Right 1235am Closedown 
rFNTRAl As London except 
VCNinHL 1230pm- 130 Along 

The Cotswoid way 130 News 130- 
230 Han To Han 5.15-535 Star ChmoB 
630 Crossroads 635-730 News 
1225am Ctosadown 
TRW As London except 
L? w 1230pm- 130 Mr Srmth 130 
News 130-230 Country Practice 
5.15 Gus Honeybun 530-5.45 Cross- 
roads 6.00 Toaav South West 630- 
730 Emmerdale Farm 1225am 
Postscript, Closedown. 



MlWCAN *28 970er*3e P091 . 
Ion I 7 *5 Itayal » m * u w •* 
■Ante: Gttm 6 w*» m Uw 
Rwna d 4 Tta Priam 4 Prfn 
m al HdN. Sir RmaiulU 
ComMi on* Mourn r Handford 
curia Rdprwt waiiiBsch ntlo 
Aiewni smug Quaint 

Frutov 21 Ma» SI Jam**' Garlicfc 
Hill. E CA 0 30 tm Hu w wh 
UUwrMla Bwnart Stare. «' 

■ ivcirw Bachri Plan. Soprano 
Simon D >tt io o>. lenor w iuin 
and caniaiM by Cnarpenjier. 
OramluuH * couprrm S3, at 



Sirr»i. wci Pimrunl dr*- 
out of lamoic* nunutripu. 
B»ohi.mam.Mar»ro Muw 
Mon Sal 106 Suncain 330 6 
Aom irw 

ASreev. 1*5 I*** Bona Irimrt 
hi. ot-493 o7*7 presrw m 
rqmunrtion Him inty > 
fflWIon uuruialional an mcni- 
nuum ul ihw w-u,. eoantsi and 
MU« Mon 12 May-Sal 24 May 


eoUHEUM & BJ* Slt-l cc 2W 


Torn 700 nw -* 

Mm, Turner 7 JO lasl pert 

toiKri trim. 

avm m o u iwx ncsTivM. 
OHUM amn U»don pmmar, 
ntmuc orrtimira _ Lniii 
Auoua A rtW y 

Oh 27 MAV An ouwr urnor- 
iHunr. only NX OFFICE 0373 

B lg«ll 

Garam WCZ. 0I*»0 
lOtifrr'JPii CC S WanODv imp 
Oi-fts* eeos Mon-Sal JOam- 
8 pm. os omrrii Men e 4 ®" 

Wm on Ifm d-y TifMr On- 
*ta from C 7.60. BMW Irom 

fw?? 730 Tka 

4 BirtMov Ofrmne.-TTtr Sens « 
f Honivr A MonUi in Uw Cp**"' 
f by Tomor " » Cowmo. Lr 
Bauf puw' 

_HfJMinajlllt^i-WI et-15 

SAOfctlrS WCltS X7 b 891b. 

June 1 1 * 26 


AOCLWO 83b wi « 

MW Gra 5P»r» rt 

pookp-c TO VMV- sr n-cU 
W\LL> wnn Fctii Call cm 
THA 24 Hr 7 CMjv 


THE 1- 

v at wa f a 30 

cvS» nuorro* 

ALBERT Ol 830 3B 78 CC 574 
0506 PC 579 6455 Croup SMB 
036 J902 Far 11 Woaka •**» 


■A Kara W adi m w Ttiaalitoal 
Eoaat* Lrtfl 

e Matt Tliur A Sal 4.30 
AUWVCH Ol B56 6404/0641 

ttSY 6233. First Call »>hr 
CC Ol 240 7300 Eies 7JO 

W ’tSJXl.* 80 



CC * OrOUUfc Ol 734 4287, Ol 
437 BT72. 


The TUww 


A t tWinn on ot Uw life and muM 




wnn Chrotopnw FuUord 
and d»u vw 

%f x<t %SSx 


»»«nctinnM whi SL WCa. 
01 836 6111 CC Ol R3611T1 
; 741 9999. FirM Call g4Q7 »O I7 

lift 24WI IDT. tik9 l**l Crt > U P 

S5i 01( 930 6123 MoH-T6*«2 41 
Bom Fn A Sal 





mmmiwikmo reMicre 

A nriioMiui comedy. 





Ai437 jSS. «« 3»8. Fins 
Call pi 240 7300. Gn> SeH a.Ol 
930 6123 891 ***** 


"3 Mflwwm « y ^ 


-arch B-D. 


7.46 Mali TlH* * 

“Flight express 


Additional Mat Sun al t o. Em 
TSSjtoSal B0. Mai* Sal * Sun 


Ol 628 8796/638 
8891 CC iMOfrSUfl lOam-epinl 

7 30. lonior J.OO & 1 7 30 THE 
merry wives or Windsor. 

THE err lon'l 7 SO. lomw 2 OO 
A 7 30 PHILISTINES fry Mascun 
Corky Fn Tubs REAL 
DREAMS UV Tr«\or CnHUhi 

01-930 2678 Firs Call 24- hour 7 
day cr okq* 01-240 7200 

-Pnrfccllir Ma tctia d- St a nda rd 


ntrra«l ny ROM DAMO-S 
El» MPn-Frt M Sal 6 30 A B.BO 

COTTtSUX. V 928 2262 CC 
■Manorial Twain-’* smaH aufli- 
lonumi Today 3 30 A 7 3a 
i hen May 27 in June 2 FUTUR- 
IST'S by Dusty Huonn Tomor 
7.30- Own Mav 23 10 26 & Junr 

Ol BBO 8845/01 636 863 8/9 or 
Ol 580 9662/3 FRIST CALL 
2M* T Day CC 838 242*. 

~ Sales 9BO 6123. 


kn «ru wofOER or the 

1 WORLD** - S ESP 




«on Frt 7 30 Thu Mai 2.30 Saf S 
A 8 50. 

Special caac— I biu at Ct an 
tun nil far 0 AI*b, WW* * 

MIKE OF YORHS 836 5122 CC 
836 9837/741 9999/240 7200 
EVM 8 ThU 3 Sat 5 it 8-30 


Slaadanf DrMiA Awvtt 1 «« 


-nm.MPH ON TAP“ Stf 
HU Comedy by Rwurd Hama 
tvrewd ov Julia Mrfcenao 

FORTUNE S CC 836 2238 -‘9 Eie 
8 Frt A Sal 6 i 8.40 


Lataencr Ob Her Award 1984 

UP and under 

**One al Uw fiiimMBI and least nr e- 

tenuou s May * you areever noma 
OH. “A JOY** S Cap. 


8230 OC 379 6S65- 6433 Pram 

37 May» 7 30. mail iTtiur 
2 30. Sob A Lau re n ce OOrier 

m a • 



061 . 


01-836 SICS. 01240 9066/7. 
Firei raB 3*novr 7-day re Mw 
240 7300 




Mulcai Award* for ISM 











etas 8.0 Mata Wed 30 Sal 50 A 

Group Sam 930 6123 

JAN 1987 


DUCHESS 836 8243/240 9648 
Finn Can CC 240 7200 
(24 m 7 dayu cc 74i 9999 cc 
379 6439 

Bnp Larbey-B new comedy. 





Eves 8. wed mataA.SaiasasJO 

OL0RE 437 1592. CC 579 6431. 
First Call 24 hr 7 Day CC 2«Ol 
7200 Grp Sales 930 6123. Eves 
8. Mats Wfd 4. 5ai 4- 
Andrew Lloyd Wanner Presents 





Pfaaaa 1Ma*ra BrNM - N nifty W 
uaar taaa*“-S. Times. 

A comedy by Ken Ludwig 
Directed tie David Crlmero. 

7759. ProvUHv Tom 7 45 
Opens Tomor 7 00 $jn> eves 
£48 mat sal 2.30 TMOR- 
PttAN ny Thomas Otway 
durecud ana ft i m wi try Pnuip 




EAliri EA under 

ICimtSLOE Exceuent (Swap 
Heats days of oerfs all tnoaim 
Jrom 10 am. ISETAURAMT <928 
imo 633 0800 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301 No pert 
Ton “I. Tomor. Frl A SM. Eve* 
Sum. sal Mai 4 30 Ext™ Law 
NKpit peri Tomer 11p m. HE 
RAMBLER, by and with PETER 
SMITH. “V«nr fcMV MmmT 

06*. “Hucriv 




BOX Office & Cr Ol ■ 930 9832 Flr» 
Call 24 nr 7 day rc bookings 
Ol 240 7200 


In a Shakespeare season ol 


Now prevlewtno 
Opens May 26 ai 6 .30 and 


m Repenotre. 

Ergs 7.30 Mats Wed 
(From June ID and Sal 200. 

HER MAJESTY8. Haymarfcet 

930 4026/6606 20*6/2866. 
CC Ticket master 379 6131 
FUR Call CC 240 7200. 


Opens 9 Oct. 

437 20S£. OC 734 8961. 379 
6433/741 9949. First CaU 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 7200. Grp Sales 
930 6123. 







LAVISH" The Time* 

A FULL* tlWaU . 

MothSat 7.30. Mats Wed a Sal 


From 16lh June Wed Mat 2-00 
Sal eves 8.00 

8511 . P»w May 28 ft 29 al 7 46. 
Onm uan 30 at 7 00 Sub Eva 
7 48 EnriaWm’ MEDEA 
LVRie STUDIO Til May 31 Evas 
Bum promPCLmi daro ASa oThe- 
aNi C o pre sent EHTKHTABRH6 

A\e W1 01-437 3886/7 01-434 
1580. Ol -434 106a Ol T34 

8166/7. Red Price Press, from 
June 4. Opsb June 11 al 7.0. 

The National Ttwatrt't Md aimed 
product Km of 
Award Wtnnino Comedy 


EvtR 7.30. Mats w«d> Ifrora June 
101 and Sab 3 0. Advance Book- 
ings Penad Now open June 4 • 
Aug W. Orpvp £awo 01 930 
6123 first call mhr 7 pay 

2554. SHIRLEY try Andrea 
Dunbar. TR Sal Evea 7.30. su 
Mai 3 30. 

LYTTELTON U* 928 2252 CC 
(National Theatre’s proscenium 
stage) previews TonT. Tomor 
800 A May 23 lo 26(Nol TAB 
as printed in leafleU Uw price 
mat May 24 al 2 15. Opens May 
27 al 7.00. Then Mai 28 A 29 
Arthur Scnn Urier- verjwn by 
Tom Stoppard 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Mon 
Thu e Frt /Sal 340 A 8.10 


■The beat tfcrffiar towyT* S M 
"An unabashed winner” S Exp 
“Sensauoiial” Tlm» 

Rk Gnat Year 
Over SLOOO Partu na ancaa 

OPEN An Rt corns PARK 

486 2431 CC 379 6433. 
CC HotBIie 486 1933. 


Previews from 30 May 
Id lught and June 

CC 437 8127 or 379 6453 
Grp Sal cr. 930 6123 



Eves 7.30 Mats Thu A Sal 2 30 
Laieeomert not admited until Hve 


PHOENIX 836 2294 cc 240 9661 
741 9999/240 7200 Eves 8 Mat 
Thu 3 Sal 5 A 8 JO 



’advju&e'^^uho now t 

pkcamlly theatre 457 

4606. 734 9635 CredH Card 
Hotlines 579 6565.741 99^9 Grp 

Sates 836 3960 -930 6123. 

"A Mfrri MuNca**- BBC 




Em 80 MaU Wrd 5 8 Sal 5 

Na part Beak HtL Moaday 

New Dookuif period now open u> 
end ol erwnribtr 

734 0061 Firm Can 24 Hr 7 Days 
cc Booking 836 3464 Grp Sain 
930 6123 

Moo Sal 8. Mai Thurs A Sat 300 



pfBNCS OP WALES Oi-oys 8681 
I sec Wolbne 930 0644/ 5/6 Cro 
Sain 930 6123 knUi prowse 
741 9999. Fir»l c«l 24 hr 7 day 
240 7200. 



ENJOY fT”F Trw* 
Em 7 30. Mat Ttiur & sat 3 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 

K» 0072 CC 379 6433 Cvev 7.4fi 

rue A Sal 3 00 4 7 45 




Group BoUanQV 01-405 1667 or 
01 930 6123 Postal applICBlIOna 
now being accepted until end of 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Group Sales 930 6123. June 3 
to July 12 



The Borv or 
Unm et tf Arable 

by Terence Rarngan 

MXJJ VW 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Croup Saks 930 6123. Until 
May 31. Eiei 7 30. Wed MaU 
2 30. Sad 4 0 A 7 4b. 

CBbarl and SuUvaa'a. 


"SparUac-— aiMlanrflBR 

□ Tele. 

928 2252 CC 

(National Theatre-* ooen rta«ei 
Today 2.00 now price null 4 
7 IS. ihen May 27 lo 2*» A 
Alan AyckDoum. Tomor 7 15 
I hen Mav 23 lo 266 June 3 A 4 
PRAVDA - A Pleat 

QUEEN'S Ol 734 1166. 73a 

1187. 734 0261. 734 0120. 4W 
3849.439 0031 Flril Cal! CC 24 
hr 240 7200 Grp Sam 9306125 
Evas Bpm, Wed 6 Sal Mats 3pm 






A New Play by It a na l d HarwowL, 
KLM6* 1 SM. 

□erected tw Peter Yates. 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1746 
Eves 8pm. Sal Mats 4pm DOU- 
BLE CROSS by Thomas Kllroy. 
"A UHbA A owptea play" 

SAVOY Bov Office 01 836 8888 
CCOl 379 6219. 836 0479 Evas 
7.46 Wed 3 Sal 6 A 8.30 
TOWN.” S Time* 16 2 B6 






SHAFYCUHIRY 379 or 579 
6U3 CC 741 9999 flrtl Call 
» hr 7 day CC 240 7200. Grp 
Sam 930 6123. Mon-Fn s. 
Wed Mat 3 . sai 4 4 e. 
Prev* from 58 May 

st MARmrs oi436 1443 . Spe- 
cial CC No. 379 6433. Evg» 8.0 

TUBS £.45. Sat 60 and 8.0 

34tb ft el AOATNA CHRlSTK'a 


STRAND 836 2660 OC B36 6190 
Finl Call 24Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200 
Mon-Frl 8. Wed mat 2 30. 

PI* note Sat part S A 8. 3 0 pm 
a* Judy Get leant la 



D Tel “BRILLIANT** Mail on S 


107891 295623 Or Tickeunarier 
01 379 6453 ROYAL SHAKE- 
Butopi Tbaatre. R e—a A 
Juliet Ton Kih L Tomor 7 30 
IMotav*, Tala Tomor 1 30. Frl 
7 30. Sat 1.30 7. 30. Sw» The- 
atre, Every Man. Tomqtit 7 O. 
Tomor 7 30 KJnamn Fn 7 30. 
Sal l 30. 7-30 For vtwul 
meal itieatre deah and twirl 
slop over ring i0789i 67262 


“The very best of Bnlam'-v comic 
I ale 11 I** Dally Mail. 

Kce separate i-mnes under- 


Ol 534 0310 BALLROOM by 
Robert Pugh ‘Very raaay_ 
Philip Madoc Is dadcMM* Gan. 

Evening-. B 00 

and CC 01 836 9987 .-5645. FirU 
Call ICC 24 |TT>|01 -240 7200 >BLg 
feel. Eves 7 JO Wed Maw 2 30. 
sats 50 4 8 16 . 







ENJOY ABLE **F T. Over 100 Peris 




Bov Ofdrr open Daily 9am ■ 9nm 
Sun Tel CCBMp only 1 lam - 7pm 

WYNOMAM*S 836 3028 CC 379 
Uei. 379 6453/741 9999. Cn» 
83c 39o2 


The AiKlTouan Quabeilian 
Theaire Trusi proouctiori 01 


DitMI from a m41-ouI 
Auur^lun sTaiteon 

Evn Born. Mai Tw 3pm 
Sal 5 SO 4. 8 SO 


From Tomor 7.4S BEL TOM 


7765/639 4455 CC 01 379 

6565/64 S3. 741 9999 First Cal) 
240 TSOO 1 7 days 24 hn me. beg 
feei Grp* 01 836 3962 Mon-Fn 
8 oa Wed Mai 3 00. Sals 3 00/ 



fnir cave pollers evrubuion ot re- 
ramie ?.7in May ■ am Juih- al 

The Mery Han Gatier*. 68 . 

RKtimond »4j. London Wid 



By J.B. Priestley 
Dircrlrd by Ronald Eyre 


WORLD” S. Express 

JCAMDEN PLAZA 485 2443-Opp 
Camden Town rubei ABSO- 
125. 3 45 6 10. 8.40. Tel 

Bnokinw- acrenled 


Kim*. Road iNearml lube 
Sloane Sl>. RAN - 1 El Film al 
1 JO 4 40. 7 55 Seals 

Bookable for eve perl. Access 




Extended wti 27 May. 
Mustrattd caatogue on tequea 


Contemporary Art. 

8 Dover a Wt. OJ-JSS KW 
Itatvfn 9.30 - 530 Sat 104. 

499 3737 First Call 24Hr 7 Dav 
rc 240 7200 iBSg Fee- MJWie 
Smith. Denholm Dltoil. Judi 
VIEW IPG) Film al I 30 'Nol 
Sun- 3 456 10 & 8 40 Seal* 
Dfcitie al £4 50 in advance for 
H 40 perl daily A 6 10 an Sal A 

Derma S< wi LAWRENCE 
WEINER. 499 4100 


bKan Centre. EC2 Ol 638 
414| L-Mil 20 July CECIL 
BEATON, first nuior retrosper. 
Irvr tail hover 700 pfwrngrwirtv. 
dravvinqs. costumes, memora- 
bilia 4dm £2 A El. TuevSai 
tOam-6 45pm. Sun A B Hoi- 
124.45pm. Qowd Koadays, 
e«r«pl 8 Hofai. 


178 Bromptnn Rd. London 
SWS. Tel. Sfi4 7566. Fine 
Hornsby Bed NidMlMa, Kaary 
Moor*. Sir Matthew Smith. 
Bombers, LA Lowry. Graham 

Sutherland. Winifred NnhM 
son. Mary Newcomb and 

OtilTT-i Dniiv 10 - 6. Sot 10 ■ 4. 

FISHER FINE ART. 30 kind si . 
SI. James's SWi 839 3942 

Victorian. E.dv.arduin and later 
rumiture Lnnl 20 June Mon- 
Tn 10 5 30 

MinuiH* 9 Ma> - 8 Julie 

himxl- ■Jovian* Si Cwnn 
prive London SWI Tri iOl« 
to-l 7856 Open l»ed» • Sun*.. 
lO a .ldMiwan free 

YOUNG VIC 928 t*3o3 rc 375 
64S3 Gves 7 30 plus mats 



~Mch OB laugh! wHhaat abMh 
dooiac "tot*" cut umits 
"E*yrihto>M«gNK” D. Tef 
“WaB worth MOcag” T Ed Sue 

MALL PALI HUES ilsr. Admiral, 
tv Are h< lourih remind 
■■sfritiiiimi Boval SocirU' tk pnr 
Iran Pdinim May 2 ‘kn uniu 

June Oth CnqinraH Telephone 
9*0 B834 

St . Sin komin«on %W7 589 
13M An evnibiuon of coloured 
rtchmas by Maraarel leuinon 
27 Mai -7 June Mon-Fn 9-5.30 
Sai 9-6. 

ROYAL ACADEMY.Piccadllly 01 
734 90&2 Open daily 1<>6 nw 
Sun iRreluced rale Sun unnl 
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CoGrtnned oa page 38 

Athey steps up 

as Botham 
climbs down 

TTlf* CtlvPr By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

X 1XC all V Cl Ian Botham's place in the will be in the county side. 

lining as 
rain ruins 
the day 

By Richard Streeton 

.V Ail the pre- 
f *- y match expec- 
SPOffm tatioo 
U,4fl|i aroused by 
\ f \ Sport Aid's 
\ r international 
V cricket match 
yesterday was mashed away by 
the English weather at its 
worst rarely one hour's token 
play was possible in miserable 
conditions, the players going 
through the motions for the 
sake of the spectators. 

Though small comfort to 
those who had anticipated a 
memorable cricket occasion, 
there was the consolation that 
approaching £150,000 mas 
raised for the relief of African 

Fall marks, too, for the 
Warwickshire dub, who pro- 
vided the administrative ser- 
vices free of cost and to their 
ground staff, who laboured 
hard to rid the ground of the 
pools of water 

Violent thunderstorms over- 
night left many parts of the 
Midlands flooded and it con- 
tinned to rain until mid- 
morning. What was reduced to 
a 30-over match finally began 
at 230. Gower's Rest of the 
World XI put West Indies in 
to bat but from the start it was 
dear that the slippery turf and 
a wet ball would allow few 
extravagant acts by either 
batsmen or bowlers. 

Richardson, the swashbuck- 
ling Antiguan, hinted, though, 
at the fun that might have 
been. He off-drove Alderman 
for six as soon as the Austra- 
lian bowled and also hit four 
aggressive fonts. 

Botham, loudly cheered in 
everything he did, took the 
only wicket to fall when 
Greenidge hit a high ball to 
kmgroff where Kapil Dev held 
the catch despite a collision 
with Bice. There was a 20- 
minute stoppage after the first 
26 balls. Kay resumed in 
dreadful light and after anoth- 
er heavy and lengthy down- 
pour, the game was 


CGGreenUgecKapi Dev b Bottom 11 

R B Richardson not out 39 

C H Lloyd not out — 21 

Extras (b 7) 7 

Total {1 wfct. 13.3 overs) 78 

A L Logie. *1 v A Retards. H A Gomes. TT 
RO Payne. EAEBapttSte.MA HoMfng, J 
Gomes and A H Grey did not bat 

BOWLING; Imran 4-0-15-0; Botham 4-1- 
11-1 lAfctarman 30-27-0; Kap# Dev Z3-0- 

G Wnoht. t) I Gower. B F Dawson, CEB 
Rice, it Botham. Imran Khan. Kapil Dev. 
Umpires: J A Jameson and R Jinan. 

Under-25 competition 

WANSTEA0: LetoestenMre 50 tor 2 v 
Essex. Matdi abmdoned. 

England party for the two 
Texaco Trophy one-day inter- 
nationals, on Saturday and 
Monday, will be taken by Bill 
Atbey. Stepping into 
Botham's shoes is not quite 
what Atbey is being asked to 
do, and it would be no good 
his thinking that it were. In 
lad he may not play, which 
Botham would certainly have 

Athey was not far off the 
England side thai went to 
West Indies, and he did better 
than most on the recent B tour 
of Sri Lanka. His brief Test 
career in the early 1980s. 
against Australia and West 
Indies, was a personal disaster 
(1 7 runs in six innings); but be 
is a very much bettor player 
than that might suggest- Bring- 
ing in David Smith was 
another option open to the 

Botham, meanwhile, will be 
asked to present himself at 
Lord's some lime next week to 
lace the disciplinary commit- 
tee of the Test and County 
Cricket Board (TCCB). I find 
it a little strange that Brian 
Langford, the chairman of 
Somerset, who bowled off- 
breaks for them between 1953 
and 1974, should already be 
saying how welcome Botham 

It so happens that the new 
president of' Somerset, Colin 
Atkinson, is also chairman of 
the TCCB disciplinary com- 
mittee, and this’ presents s 
problem. He wiS attend the 
meeting, but probably stand 
down from the chair while 
Botham's future is being de- 
cided. As headmaster, howev- 
er, of a public school 
(Millfield) he may not be 
unfamiliar with the quicksand 
which separates suspicion 
from proof! 

Botham will know within 
48 hours the charge he win 
face when be comes before the 
board, probably tomorrow 
week. Although the original 
article in The Mail on Sunday 
on March ! 1, 1984, the source 
of Botham's embarrassment, 
referred to drug-taking on the 
England tour of New Zealand 
in 1983-84, he has admitted 
only to smoking cannabis 
before then. This being so, the 
charge is more likely to be one 
of having brought the game 
into disrepute. Where, on 
another count, Botham, and 
also Somerset for that matter, 
did undoubtedly breach the 
board's regulations was in not 
having last Sunday's article, 
which carried Bo tham 's name, 
vetted by them. 

The milestones in 
Botham’s career 

By Marais Williams 

1973: Somerset debut v Sussex 1981: resigned captaincy! 

(John Player League, Sep-' 
tember 2), aged IT. 

1974: first-class debut v 
Lancashire (May 8). 

1976: awarded county cap: 
first one-day international 
(v West Indies). 

1977: first Test match (v 
Australia), taking 5 for 74; 
first England tour (to Paki- 
stan and New Zealand). 

1978: first player to score 
century and take 8 wickets 
in an innings in the same 
Test match (v Pakistan). . 

1979 : fastest to Test double 
of 1,000 nuts and 100 
wickets (21 matches). 

1980: first player to score 
century and take 10 of more 
wickets in the same Test 
match (v India); appointed 
captain of England (v West 

1981: resigned captaincy, 
but then with bat and ball 
helped England to memora- 
ble victories over Australia; 
fastest to Test double of 
Z000 runs and 200 wickets 
(42 matches). 

1982: fastest first-class hun- 
dred of the season (52 
minutes, 56 balls). 

1984: screed 32 nuts off one 
over (v Central Districts, 
New Zealand); first to 
achieve doable of 4,000 
runs and 300 wickets in Test 
cricket (72 matches)! • 

1985: ...became England's 
leading wicket-taker m Test 
matches (326 wickets); most 
instances of 5 wickets in a 
Test innings (25k record 
number of sixes (80) in an 
English first-class season; 
fastest first-class hundred of 
the season (49 minutes, 50 


Test matches 
1 -day internationals 
All first-class games 
AH one-day games 

Test matches 
1-day internationals 
AH first-class games 
Alt one-day games 

































' 27.06 




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Dilley back 
to face 
tour team 

By Peter Maison 

After the frenetic merry-go- 
round of one-day matches and 
some, wet weather, the pace 
slows a fraction today as a full 
programme reappears in the 
Britannic Assurance county 

The Indian touring team 
take on Kent, at Canterbury, 
and here, Ellison, who is m 
England's party for the Texaco 
Trophy series, Christopher 
Cowdrey and Underwood 
take a resL Dilley, who is also 
in England's squad, has recov- 
ered from an infected foot, 
and is included in Kent's 

After heavy rain at North- 
ampton yesterday, the match 
between Northamptonshire 
and Essex was abandoned as a 
draw shortly after 230, and 
before a scheduled third in- 
spection by the umpires. 
Essex's four bowling bonus 
points take them up three 
places in the championship 
table to seventh place, with IS 
points from three matches. 
Stone had been Cook's part- 
ner in the match, but be is 
stood down for 
Northamptonshire's match 
with Warwickshire at 
Edgbaston. and with Bailey 
moving up the order to open 
the innings. Wild has been 
brought back into the side. 

Warwickshire's signing of 
the South African, Brian Mc- 
Millan. has been so successful 
that the former West Indian 
batsman. Alvin - FCallicharran, 
has been .unable to find a 
regular place in the. side.' 
Knllicharran’s appeal to be 
reclassified as English for reg- 
istration purposes will be 
heard by the' Cricket Council 
on . Wednesday next 

No play yesterday 

NORTHAMPTON: Northamptonshire 244 
K3COOK8UJ Ha*&5(or87fc ESMKSS 
tor 2 

dram. Nu0miptwialuv2pta. 

^ . . . 


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Bayman feels right at home 
taking the lead by instinct 

By Join Henaeasy 

Linda Bayman, something her intimate understanding of 
of a specialist in (he England her surroundings. It seems she 
women's championship, had hit her second wildly left 
sponsored by Powacaddy, of the green. But the ball came 
took the lead in the qualifying sweetly down the hill and 
competition yesterday with a rolled to the centre of the 
round of 72. two under par for green. Had she intended to 
the 5,972-yard play the ball that way? “I 

Shore/Himalayas course at didn't give it a though t/Vshe 
Prince's, Sandwich. said. "Instinct told me to play 

She leads Tracy Hammond well left of that flag." 
(Leamington and County) and The conditions -were in 
Jill Thornhill (Walton Heath) favour of low scoring so that 
by one stroke and Susan there was never a fear of the 
Sfaapcott (Knowle), Julie Wal- scores reaching those horren- 
ter (St Ives, Hunts) and the dous figures suffered in 1912 
holder, Patricia Johnson (Pyle when ute championship was 
and Kenfig), by two. inaugurated over the same 

Mrs Bayman, once a winner Jjf 0 ™ “«*»■ 
and twice a ninner-up in the g* an easier day than th&T 
last three yeare, seems thor- Mrs Bayman warned us, as the 
oughly at home, as well she wmd blew only gently and the 
might, since she lives only two 13111 only _ . 

miles from the new clubhouse Mrs Bayman achieved, five 
and learned her golf at birdies, one with tire help of 
Prince's. Was local knowlege her “metal micky", a metal 
then a help? “I wouldn’t really two wood which she uses 
know." she said with her usual when length rather Than accu- 
shrewd grasp of matters. **I racyisimportanL In 'feet she. 
don't know what it's like to ' hit a corker, a blow of probo- 
play the course blind, so to. Uy 240yds straight down the 

Mrs Thornhill and Miss 
Hammond had richly con- 
trasting rounds to share sec- 
ond place, Mrs .ThomhiU, a 
player of vast experience, 
rarely departing from par and 
Miss Hammond, who was 
denied her first England {dace 
last year by iHness, playmg cut 
and thrust with -the course. 

Miss Hammond, a longer 
hitler than average, produced 
birdies at all the par fives, 
except the 13th, where her 
worst shot of the round (her 
own words) placed her in the 
rubbish and she bad to take a 
penalty drop and, with it, a 

' Miss. Shapcott taking aweek 
off O level studies, could also 
have been a shot better lad 
she not missed a putt no 
longer than a foot at .the 12th. 
Even as it was, she amply 
justified her growing reputa- 


The 1 8th fully illustrates the 
point to those of us without 

Hat’s off 

Tony Meo, the world 
No. 11 snooker player, - was 
beaten four frames to two by 
Brazil’s top performer, Rno 
Qiapeu, in the opening round- 
robin match of the inaugural 
Brazilian Masters at Sao Pau- 
lo. Steve Davis carried the flag 
for the Romford Matchroom 
team, however, with a 4-1 win 
over Roberto Carlos in the 
four-man event. 

Chapeu is a sporting hero in 
Brazil at their complicated 
version of tire game, watched 
by millions on television ev- 
ery Sunday night. His trade- 
mark is a white fedora, worn 
even while playing. He had 
vowed be would never mhe it 
off in public until he had been 
beaten. Davis managed that in 
Brazil a year ago, but Chapeu 
still would not remove it- 

Bitter irony 

While football fights the ban 
on . alcohol sales, in Rugby 
League they are : laughing aU 
the way to the bar. -The 
sponsors, Whitbread, are giv- 
ing away vouchers for a pint of 
beer to every adult attending 
the British Amateur RL 
Association’s Whitbread Tro- 
phy final between Barrow 
side. Millom, and 
Humberside's Mysons at 
Headingley on Sunday. 

two wood wbieh she uses «• 

racy is. important. In tact she -waiter. S Shapcott 7& C Baitey. 7& 
hit a corker, a blow of proba- - c caWwas. 77: n Watters. T 
bly 240yds straight down the Yarwood, C Duffy, j wade. 78s H 

Ob&fjl jSnJ! J*®' i 

uselul - tnsmunent, too, to Morgan. S Moorcraft. S Benoatt, J 
cheat the wind. FenSm. - 

New Mexica The Irish man- 
ager, based in Albuquerque 
just 60 miles away from the 
Scots m Santa believes 
that tte risk to the playets far 
outweighs any advantages. 

The Scotland manager, Alex 
Ferguson, had hoped to make 
contact with the Irish party, if 
only to train, with them aqd 
“practise .free hides against 
each other.’’ However, with 
high insurance premiums on 
the players in both squads. 
Bingham decided that the idea 
was not Wise; 

He said- “I don’t think it's 
tin. It would not be worth, the 
risk as we are both very 
competitive nations. I cairt 
imagine people like Graeme 
Souness and Norman 
Whiteside holding back even 
in training and 1 think it's 
better we save it for the World 

In contrast to . the relaxed 
approach by Scotland id Santa 
Fe, Bingham has been operat- 
ing a much stricter regime 
with his Irish squad. 

At your service fnrppii etc 

Tl» Hnthinu mamiflimir. lUiVUWW 

From Stuart Jones 

FOotbaU CorTespoodeat 
Colorado Springs 

FIFA hare afready received 
tbe fist of EagteuTs offiaal Sc. 
World Cop party. In sending 
foe tusks of .his 22 chosea 
mea here fom days' earlier 
than reqmred, Bobby Rohson 
has takes bo risks with the 
lines of mw i towuca titw even 
thorah he has yet to decide 
whether to gamble on the 
fitness of Hodge and Bailey. 

' Briley remains the more 
dorixfh! of the agareirf pair. 
Instead of johring- Monday’s 
teaming session ire stayed 
behind to read his knee. At 
dteqgfa the sweRrag has g one 
we wffl have to see which way - 
it is going by Wednesday 
right", a cc or d in g to Robson, r 
whose des c ri p ti o n, may not* 
appeal to the squeamish. 

Nor will his fear that tin 
knee of Mauche&er United'S 
goalkeeper Gorid “Mow up” 
again, although he pointed oot 
tint Bailey has no need to ran 
some 8,090 yards daring the 

■ . J 


M, 7-^ A - - ^ j. 


£ SJ 



H4» j*. 








Andretti: crash hipractice 


Mario Andretti will be have approved a gra 
forced to start at the rear of the foE. scheme . with 
field in the Indianapolis 500 Royers, of the third 
motor race on Sunday because fra 1 next season. Bui 
a crash has forced him . to Bennett, the nuuoagi 
switch to another car. tor of Rovers, said: “ 
Andretti, a -former winner, have, further talks 
qualified for the middle of the landlords at EastvUle 
second row, but then wrecked Bristol City before <fc 
his car in^ practice. The ’rules move out of-BristoL" 
state that any driver changing 
jo^a sKonday car must start Ftttare feT 

The dkjrtmng manufactur- 
ers, Jaeger, are .to. sponsor 
British women's tennis to the 
tune of £10,000. Team Jaeger 
will - comprise three of 
Britain^ top players aged 18 
and under. Two have already 
been chosen: Anne Simplon, 
of Leicesteqfoire, 'and Sue 
-McCarthy,' of ‘..Avon. Each 
player wfij -be given £3,000 
. towards 4hefr trams .develop- 
ment; foe- other ,£1,000 will 
buy equipment. 1 -- 

Bath sharing 

' Shareholders of the Cola 
League football' duff Bath, 
have approved a ground-shar- 
ing scheme . 'with Bristol 
Royers, of the third division, 
tor next season. But Gordon 
Bennett, the managing direc- 
tor of Rovers, said: “We are to 
have, further talks with our 
landlords at EastvUle and with 

The Scotland manager, Alex 
Ferguson, has ordered his 
players -to take frill advantage 
of Mexico's ratified auno- 

the Worid Cup'^mah^ 1 ^ **l 

have told them to have a quick 

look up at goal once they, get prayers wires ana pranewo 
within 3G -yards« We have who have joined- the party in 

spent quite abil of time on our the Insurious Intel .antid' ms- 
long-range shooting. In this jestic saeaery^ - - 
atmosphere the ball chn be- - The 'eariy suriit aenSagt 
have like a. .missile , and I are spent relaxing 6y foe 'pool 
believe we have enough clean which resembles momentarily 

Yesterday the condition of 
foe rest of the party was andcr 
equafiy dose examination. Us- i -W 
tsgffifonxrioolaured pens and & ~" 

a graph, Robson iBsstoUed I 
howhelsinvcstigatiafltiierate / .' 

of recovery of rad pffyer. It *■ - -n ; . 

centres oa die prise, which U • . ‘ 
wha foe subject is at rest js ; ' " 
osnafiy pwnpiiig at 72 beats a „ 


It g taken ayimiannedfate- 2 

|y after a prowhing wriefrf " 

rix-6®-yaid^ spriritsThy ritieh ’ Er ” 

time k.i$ racrag at abotflSk " 

It is then nieamred at the end 

The speed at which It returns ; ~ *• 

to tin normal rate, determines « ■ 
the fitness of the islayer. 3 ‘ • 

. : Without any aedimatiza- . 
two, foe difference between . 

foe recovery at altitude and at 
sea ievri can be dramatic. The -■ . 
results of a similar test taken . ■— - 

last week show that the sqaad [flitmwu- 
menibers are in better physical JOulUrTf 

shape hew than thqr were Si ’ 

dmfrig the tori of Merice last ' \ Z - - 

summer, though there are iteforria? 

some exceptions. - . . . 

Robson suggested that the 
votontaiy ban mi akehol was 
one of foe' reasons. The ! 

healthy spirit is so infections 
that it has canghf hold even of 
fellow representatives of the 
media. Never sknv to find forir 
way to the nearest bar and 
never quick to leave race they 
hare found it,, foe Press, are 
now indulging in drinks no 
more potent than orange jidce. 

liquid nitrite 'h*$ become 
more necessary over the last 
week. The sqaad, who were 
greeted on their arrival by a 
form of snow, .bare been ^ 
exerdsiiig f«r the last few days 
under a sun that, thonjfo 
appareriaUy cooler than it will 
be in Mexico, isstroraenongh 
to burn the skin qnidriy. “We 
needed that,” JRdbson said. “I 
was told that it is always 75 
degrees or foenrabonts here at 
this time of year bat it has 
apparently been their worst 
May for many years." 

Morale could not 
be higher 

The weather has at least 
changed in time, for .the 
players’ wires and ririfriends 

strikers of the baU-to get a goal 
or two that way.” 

an English oasis in foe Rodty 
Mountains. Bryan Robson 

Ajtan Roilgff titeficodand says that foe morale coaM not 
goalkeeper, said: “The long J* higher. There are fewer 
shot is goitKto be uncomfbrt- cliques^ even among foe fe- 
abte for all gorikeepers. The Vtasewr 

ball travels so first it is safer kmHtu 

' He has aimed t seven-year 

foe fe- 
s. ever 

' He has signed a seven-year 
contract, wi&h will effectively 
bstnatfi the end of his playing 
career, that is worth a stagger- 

Top seeds 

Jonathan Haycock, of Sur- 
rey, and Virginia Humphrey- 
Davies, of Cambrkfec. have 
been named top seeds for the 
Prudential junior hard court 
14 and under tennis champi- 
onships is Edinburgh next 

laneQords at EastvUle and with J just to punch it or knock it r 1 *"’.™ 81 * s 7*£8“l, 

Bristol City before deciding to ^>ver the bar rather than try to IE&* Jgqovy 

move out of-BristoT' . - I catch ff" £750,9W) with ^ Briaac& 

Scotland cannotbe accused «« h® tari b*« 
-'oTheizig ill-prepared for this Wfo«^ . hy tiw cowpaiiy 
WoridCup venture to South J - 

America. ^ iheywere in J 978. Tbey agreed oaaderi that is 

Future talks 

: t Stoke Oty are to .invite the 
Football Association, Football 
League and fellow dubs to 
discuss the future of the g ame 
sil a two-day. conference in 
August entitled "Football's 
firauly.fece the way forward". 
The aim is to .encourage 
femily involvement and par- 
ticipation at the junior leveL 

Les than 24 hours after one of [the biggest .for both jNe* 
their group opponents, Den- J Balance mid Robson. He 

mark, had beaten Poland last 
week, a video tape was ties- : 
pattfeed to Santa Fe, : whfle 

Feiguson was also given a run- m nay, wui mr i 

down by telephone from Scot- fora to a conpetitft 
tish ooaeff Ross Mathie, who Saturday, .‘TTntf - 
was in ..Denmark . for die ^kded,"ffc F-H *gb 
match. • 

helped to design a boot; which 
he and Wilkins, who has been a 
signed to promote the Redact <•- 
m Italy, vriQ wear for foe W 
foraina competitive mafeh « 
Saturday. .“That STif Ip