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No 62,464 

FRIDAY MAY 23 1986 


Bustle of government activity on the economy 

tape cut 
in battle to 
create jobs 

The Govern meat launched 
an important initiative yester- 
day to create more jobs by 
freeing businesses from red 

The second White Paper 
produced by Lord Young of 
Graffham. Secretary of State 
for Employment, is seen as bis 
main weapon in slaying what 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher de- 
scribed last week- as “the 
dragon of unemployment”. 

It emphasizes tbe 
Government’s objective of 
cutting the dole queues by 
encouraging more small busi- 
nesses to be started up and 
more self-employed and part- 
time workers. 

Among the SO proposals are 
a fairer VAT payment system, 
fewer planning regulations 
and less employment protec- 
tion for workers in small 
firms. It also stales that Civil 
Servants may be faceless but 
should at least give their 
names when dealing with the 
public, and that tax and VAT 
men should visit companies 
together rather than 

Lord Young said that many 
of his proposals could be 
brought in without legislation 
but a deregulation Bill may be 
needed for some of the mea- 




Cricket: England v 
India at the Oval 
Football: England's 
World Cup warm-up 
against Canada 

The big 

• Two readers 
shared yesterday's 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition prize of 
£8,000 -details, 
page 3. 

• Today there is the 
regular daily prize of 
£4,000 to be won, and 
tomorrow the total prize 
money will be 
£12,000 -the daily 
£4,000 plus the 
weekly prize of £8,000. 

• Portfolio list, page 
25; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

IRA kill three 

Two Ulster policemen and a 
British Army major were- 
killed in an IRA landmine 
attack on a foot patrol near 
Crossmaglen in the Co Ar- 
magh “bandit country" 

Page 16 

Inquiry denied 

Mr Douglas Hurd, tbe Home 
Secretary, rejected a request 
for an inquiry into complaints 
of police brutality outside the 
News International printing 
plant at Wapping. east 
London. Parliament, page 4 

Sikh terror 

Eleven people died when Sikh 
terrorists opened 
Punjabi bazaar 

fire in a 
Page 9 

Aid cutback 

Africa will be particularly hit 

by huge cuts in US aid to the 
Third World, ending an era of 
overseas assistance Page 9 

llMneS*"* 2-7 
Oiencss 8,9 
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Bcsiaess 17-70 
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1 6 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

Building Businesses — Not While Paper was the second 

Barriers comes after last year's 
White Paper Lifting the Bur- 
den, which was not seen by 
many businessmen or Conser- 
vative MPs as sufficiently 
ambitious or effective. It also 
goes some way to meet the 
criticisms of tbe Centre for 
Policy Studies, a right-wing 
think tank set up by Mis 
Thatcher and Sir Keith Jo- 
seph. which last month ac- 

White Paper 
Leading article 




cused the Government of 
merely tinkering with the 
problems lacing small firms. 

Lord Young said the new 
White Paper was designed to 
protect workers, consumers 
and tbe public white cutting 
the unnecessary regulations 
which inhibited business 
growth and job creation. But 
trade unionists will not wel- 
come his plans to cut workers* 

He is an admirer of the 
regulation-free atmosphere in 
the Um'ted States where 22 
million new jobs had been 
created. He said yesterday that 
his aim was the same lack of 
bureaucracy and the latest 

C •« <£ -St * 

chapter in his campaign. He 
'expected there would be a 
third phase before the next 
general election. 

“Better communication is 
central to our aim of encour- 
aging enterprise. So we aim for 
better information, easier ac- 
cess to advice and guidance, 
and a more helpful and posi- 
tive approach by officials.” * 

Announcing the White Pa- 
per in the Lords, be said that it 
reflected “our firm belief that 
only by removing barriers to 
business will enterprise flour- 
ish and the essential creation 
of wealth and jobs follow”. 

Conservative MPs gave a 
qualified welcome to the pack- 
age when Mr Kenneth Clarke, 
Paymaster General and Min- 
ister for Employment, repeat- 
ed Lord Young's statement in 
the Commons. Some were 
worried that hotels could be 
turned into old people's 
homes without the need for 
planning permission. 

Mr John Prescott, Labour's 
chief Opposition spokesman 
on employment, claimed that 
the White Paper was an attack 
on the employment rights of 
workers. It used the same 
words and contained the same 
proposals as tbe 1985 White 
Paper Lifting the Burden. 

Thatcher firm on 
tax cuts goal 

By Our Political Reporter 

The Prime Minister yester- Conservative MPs, who took 

it as being addressed to some 
of her colleagues sitting along- 
side her on the government 
front bench. 

It was seen as significant 
that she had chosen to restate 
her aim so explicitly the day 
after her Cabinet reshuffle was 
portrayed in terms that sug- 
gested Mr Baker would be out 
to achieve a big increase in 
educational spending. 

She tirfd Mr Yeo that by 
“having strict priorities within 
total constraints” the Govern- 
ment had been able to im- 
prove the resources devoted to 
the health service and pen- 
sions. But it had to be done 
within overall constraints. 

Mrs Thatcher pressed home 
her message in a speech last 
night to the CBI in London. 
She bluntly told her audience: 
“We aim to go on reducing 
income tax.” She added: “It is 
only too easy for governments 
to spend taxpayers' money so 
generously that taxpayers are 
left with too little to be 
generous to their own fam- 

She made a strong plea for 
restraint in industrial wage 
settlements. In Germany and 
Japan prices were not rising at 
all and costs in Britain were 
rising for fester than theirs. 

day foreshadowed a tough 
Cabinet battle on public 
spending when s$e made dear 
that her ambition was still to 
cut the standard rate of lax. 

In a direct response to the 
calls of ministers like Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Mr Douglas 
Hurd, Mr Peter Walker and 
Mr John Biffen for more to be 
spent on public services, Mrs 
Thatcher said in the Com- 
mons that tbe way to increase 
lake-home pay for the low 
paid, without adding to indus- 
trial costs, was to reduce the 
standard rate of income tax. 

She was lining up yet again 
with Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, Mr Norman 
TebbiL the Conservative Par- 
ly chairman, and Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, the new Secretary of 
State for the Environment, 
who have been emphasizing 
the need for restraint on 
public spending despite grow- 
ing demands from the party 
for the Government to present 
a more caring image. 

The sharpness of the Prime 
Minister’s retort to Mr Tim 
Yeo, Conservative MP for 
South Suffolk, who suggested 
to her in the Commons that 
the need for improved public 
services might be greater than 
toe need to cut taxes, surprised 

Rise cut 
at top 
and for 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

The Cabinet yesterday 
halved the independently pro- 
posed pay rises for almost 
2,00® judges, senior members 
of the armed forces and senior 
Civil Servants in a move 
welcomed by its own back- 
benchers to avoid a repetition 
of last year's damaging 
constroversy over top people's 

pay* . . 

At the same tune it effective- 
ly ent back by about a quarter 
on the recommendations pro- 
posed for noises and mid- 
wives, doctors and dentists and 
the armed forces, provoking an 
angry response from Opposi- 
tion MPs and medical groups. 

As a result of the Prime 

Minister's announcement of 
the Government’s response to 
the reports of the independent 
pay review- bodies, nurses are 
to get an average 5.9 per cent 
increase in 1986-87, doctors 
and dentists 5.7 per cent, tbe 
armed forces 5 j 5 per cent and 
top Crvil Servants and judges 3 

That compares with the 7.8 
per cent recommended for 
nurses, 7 £ per cent for doctors 
and dentists, IS per cent for 
the armed forces and 63 per 
cent for top salaries. 

Tbe redaction arises be- 
cause although the Prime 
Minister said that the recom- 
mendations for n arses, doctors 
and the armed forces were to 
be met in folk they are to take 
effect from July 1 rather than 
April 1 as the independent 
bodies proposed. 

In the case of top salaries 
the recommendations have 
been scaled down to an aver- 
age 4 per emit, bat also to take 
effect from July 1 and tbns to 
keep the effective increase in 
line with inflation at 3 per 
cent. All the groups are effec- 
tively being subjected to a 
three-month pay freeze. 

The Cabinet's derision on 
top salaries was applauded by 
Conservative MPs last night. 
Last year its award meant pay 
increases of np to 46 per cent 
for tbe most senior Civil 
Servants. It provoked an out- 
cry from Conservative MPs, 
169 of whom rebelled against 
the increases in a late-night 
Commons vote. 

This year senior ministers 
had issued a warning that 
there mast be no repeat, and 
last night one Conservative 
MP said tbe Government's 
response to the Top Salaries 
Review Body report “has the 
chief whip written all over it” 

As a result Sir Robert 
Armstrong, Secretary to tbe 
Cabinet and Head of the 
Home Civil Service, will re- 
ceive a £2,400 increase on bis 
£75,000 salary from July 1. 
rather than a £4,000 increase 
from April 1 as recommended 
by the body. 

Tbe total cost to tbe Govern- 
ment of all the awards will at 
£578 million be £195 million 
less than it would have been 
had it accepted all the recom- 
mendations in fall. 

The Prime Minister said 

Contra oed on page 2, col 7 

Payment for Cyprus spy trial men 

By Our Lobby Reporter 

The Ministry of Defence is the custody of theServicemen 

to make ex gratia payments 
expected to nm into thou- 
sands of pounds to seven of 
the eight RAF Servicemen 
cleared in last year’s Cyprus 
spy triaL _ . 

Mr John Stanley, Minister 
for the Armed Forces, made 
the announcement in the 
Commons last night following 
the publication of an inquiry 
by Mr David Calculi, QC, into 
the interrogation techniques 
used by Aimed Services police 
against the eight. 

Mr Calcutt concluded that 

was, for part of the time, 
unlawful and even after they 
had been lawfully arrested 
“their continued custody was 
at least improper.” 

The Servicemen were inter- 
rogated mostly during the 
periods of unlawful and im- 
proper custody. 

Mr Calcutt said that as the 
number of days spent in 
custody increased so the pres- 
sure which was exerted on 
each of the Servicemen built 

Continued on page 2, col 5 

Mr Calcutt: Pressure put 
on arrested Servicemen. 

The Prince of Wales, as Grand Master of the Most 
Honourable Order of the Bath, at Westminster Abbey 
yesterday for a service (Photograph: John Manning). 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Labour's national executive 
yesterday expelled two of 
Liverpool’s Militant leaders in 
the first stage of a concerted, if 
limited, purge designed to 
reassure the voters that Mr 
Neil Kin nock has complete 
control of his party. 

After a 16-hour sitting on 
Wednesday, the executives 
voted early yesterday morning 
13-7 to expel Mr Tony 
Mulheam, President of the 
Liverpool district Labour par- 
ty on charges of Militant 
membership and breach of 
party- rules. 

The executive then broke 
for eight hours, resumed at 
9.30 am and after a further 
seven-hour session voted 12-9 
to expel Mr lan Lowes, a 
union shop steward and Mili- 
tant trade union co-ordinator, 
for Militant membership. 

The executive rejected, by 
14 votes to 7, a second charge 
of abuse of rules; and party 
sources immediately used that 
vote as proof that the evidence 
was being carefully assessed in 
accordance with the rules of 
natural justice and arguing 
that there was no question of 
predetermined verdicts. 

The executive later with- 
drew charges of Militant 
membership against Mr Harry 
Smith, a Liverpool councillor. 

That motion was proposed 
by Mr Kinnock and carried 
unanimously, but when Mr 
Smith came out of Parry 
headquarters after a two-hour 
hearing he was greeted with a 
chants of “Militant" and 
“victory" by the small contin- 
gent of Militant supporters. 

He denied that the had 
distanced himself from any of 
his colleagues."! am a lot of 
things, but I am not a rat," he 

He had not given an under- 
taking to distance himself 
from Militant; he would carry 
on reading the newspaper and 
would carry on speaking from 
Militant platforms. 

Mr Lowes said that he was 
not surprised at his expulsion 
on the “kangaroo court" judg- 
ment because the disgraceful 
decision had been reached 
beforehand on the most 
“flimsy” evidence. 

He said the alleged breach 
of rules was “even more 
ridiculous" than the first set of 

Mr Lowes added that his 
local party would ignore the 
verdict and in common with 
other expelled Liverpool mili- 
tants, he said he was confident 
that he would retain his party 

Meanwhile, Mr Kinnock 
missed Prime Ministers ques- 
tion time in the Commons 
and last night's presentation of 
the British Press Awards, in an 
attempt to reach verdicts on 
three other alleged Liverpool 

But Mr Derek Hatton, dep- 
uty leader of the city council, 
pleaded an urgent engagement 
back on Merseyside and his 
case, and the handful of other 
outstanding cases, are expect- 
ed to be set down for hearing 
sometime next month. 

Militant resists, page 16 

Botham on 4 charges 

Ian Botham will have to 
answer four charges when he 
meets the Test and County 
Cricket Board Disciplinary 
Committee on May 29. 

The England all-rounder 
will be accused of bringing the 
game into disrepute by using 
cannabis, by admitting to 
using cannabis, by denying 
tha t in the past he had used the 
drug and by making public 

pronouncements without the! 
clearance of his county, [ 

Botham, who misses this 
weekend's two Texaco one- 
day internationals after admit- 
ting in The Mail on Sunday 
that he had smoked marijua- 
na, yesterday made b! against 
Gloucester at Taunton. 

John Woodcock, page 32 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

The cost of bank leading 
started to faU yesterday, with 
National Westminster Bank 
cutting its base lending rate 
half a point to 10 per cent. 

The other three big high 
street banks are expected to 
follow with a similar cut 
today. However, building so- 
cieties said that there would be 
no drop in mortgage rates at 
this stage. 

The drop came as pressure 
for a cut built up in the money 
markets. The pound had been 
strengthening against most 
European currencies while 
sterling interest rates weak- 
ened thoughout the day. 

Against the dollar, however, 
sterling dropped more than 
two cents to dose at SI .4962 
in London. 

The news came as the 
Government announced fig- 
ures showing a disappointing 
level of investment in manu- 
facturing industry during the 
first quarter of this year. The 
Department of Trade and 
Industry released figures 
showing capital spending up 
by 4 per cent compared with 
the final quarter of 1 985 — but 
nearly 2 per cent below the 
level "of in vestment at the start 
of last year. 

In manufacturing industry 
there was an increase in 
capital investment, including 
leased assets, of £1.8 billion 
during the quarter, a rise of 5.5 
per cent 

The latest set of cyclical 
indicators, which are meant to 
forecast movement in the 
business cycle, was released by 
the Treasury yesterday. The 
longer leading indicator for 
April was 108.1 compared 
with 106.2 in March with 
several elements showing un- 
usual volatility. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 17 

1984 1985 1985 

Souras: London Clearing Banks 


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td pr- 
ig sji 

By Richard Evans 
lobby Reporter 

Mr John Biffen came dose 
to being summarily dismissed 

from the Cabinet after bis 

controversial television inter- 
view in which he implicitly 
criticized Mrs Thatcher's 
style of leadership and sug- 
gested the Conservative Party 
should enter the next general 
election with a “balanced 

It was only after discussions 
with Lord Whitelaw, Leader of 
the House of Lords and Depu- 
ty Prime Minister, and Mr 
John Wakeham, Chief Whip, 
that the Prime Minister decid- 
ed against such action. 

Mrs Thatcher was “abso- 
lutely furious” and “terribly 
upset” by Mr Biffeu's remarks 
in an interview on London 
Weekend Television's Week- 
end World two weeks ago, 
senior party sources confirmed 

The Prime Minister was 
particularly infuriated that 
such a senior and influential 
Cabinet minister as the Leader 
td the House of Commons 
should be so publidy disloyal. 

During the interview, Mr 
Biffen said the Conservative 
Party shonld enter the next 
election with a “balanced 
ticket” to offset what he 
acknowledged were Mrs 
Thatcher's liabilities . 

He added that, without a 
team approach, it would be 
much easier for political oppo- 
nents to represent tbe Prime 
Minister as □ nearing or “trig- 
ger happy” and to take advan- 
tage of her supposed failings. 

The party sources raid that 
when she spoke to Lord 
Whitelaw and Mr Wakeham, 
two of her closest aides, Mrs 
Thatcher was all for immedi- 
ate dismissal. While neither 
said she must not. both are 
understood to have warned of 
the consequences. 

With the Conservative Par- 
ty plummetting in the polls, 
tbe dismissal of Mr Biffen, a 
popular minister among Con- 
servative backbenchers, could 
have prompted enormous dis- 
sent in party ranks. 

But with Downing Street 
sources doing little to dampen 
speculation of a wide ranging 
Cabinet reshuffle in the au- 
tumn. there vrOI be growing 
doubts on Mr BHTen's future. 





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From Mohsin Ali, Washington 

The House of Representa- 
tives yesterday passed a Dem- 
ocrat-sponsored Bill designed 
to toughen US trade laws 
despite strong opposition and 
a warning from President 
Reagan that it was protection- 
ist and could lead to a world 
trade war. 

The Bill, which passed on a 
vote of 295 to 1 15. was sent to 
the Republican-controlled 
Senate, where President Rea- 

gan is expected to have a 
belter chance of winning legis- 
lation more to his liking. 

Under provisions of the 
Bill, Japan, West Germany 
and Taiwan would be forced 
to cut exports immediately or 
buy more goods. Mr Reagan 
described it as “anti-trade” 
and protectionist legislation 
which would have “our nation 
violate basic tenets of free and 
fair international trade.” 

Water sell-off 

Government plans for pri- 
vatizing tbe 10 water authori- 
ties in England and Wales 
were criticized as rushed and 
poorly thought out yesterday 
by Mr Len Hill, chairman of 
the Water Authorities 

The authorities were not 
being given enough time to 
prepare for the planned stock 
market flotations, be said,- and 
also claimed that the proposed 
formula for controlling water 
charges after privatization was 

Plans to spbt off the land 
drainage activities of the au- 
thorities into a separate public 
body would damage the indus- 
try. Mr HH1 added. . 

The Government is hoping 
to raise up to £5 billion from 
privatizing the authorities - 
Details, page 17 

V: __ 

•_ is.. 

Flights of alcoholic fancy in Ukraine 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin has stepped in 
to try to dispel (he most 
prevalent of tbe many rumours 
sweeping tbe Ukraine in the 
wake of the Chernobyl disas- 
ter - that the intake of large 
quantities of strong liquor is 
the most effective remedy 
against high doses of 


Faith in tbe remedial quali- 
ties of a potent folk-mixture of 
vodka and strong red rone has 
gained firmest hold among the 
92,000 evacuees from the im- 
mediate disaster area, emer- 
gency workers who faced the 
highest radiation risks and 
worried residents of Kiev 
where demand for vodka is 
reported to have increased 
substantially since the April 
26 explosion. 

“All this gossip about liquor 
is tbe purest fantasy,” Mr 

Oleg Sbdtepin, the First Dep- 
uty Health Minister, told the 
official weekly Literaturnaya 
Gavta in the first public 
acknowledgement of the ex- 
tent to which the ramonr has 
taken bold. The so-called med- 
ical qualities of liquor have no 
scientific basis. 

Already, the domestic ser- 
vice of Tass has reported that 
citizens in the Kiev region have 
been sent to hospital as a 
resalt of taking what it de- 
scribed as k iiome remedies” 
against radiation, but this 
information was not translated 
for English-language 

In addition to the vodka and 
red wine combination (in 
which, according to Musco- 
vites with relatives in Kiev, toe 
wine is added to a foil glass of 
vodka in drops), other quack 
remedies adopted by panic- 
stricken citizens were known 
to have included the adminis- 

tering of poisonous liquid io- 
dine to children by their 

The rush on vodka in Kiev 
has come as an extra embar- 
rassment to the authorities as 
it runs counter to toe 
Kremlin's strict anti-alcohol 
campaign la one bed last year. 
Mr Sbcbepin specifically de- 
nied rumours that even bak- 
eries in the Ukrainian capital 
had started to sell alcohol to 
minimize queues. “I was in 
Kiev several days ago and I 
went to a shop. There was 
nothing of the kind there,” he 

For days before the inter- 
view, Moscow's formidable 
bush telegraph had been buzz- 
ing with accounts of how many 
drivers who transported evacu- 
ees from the contaminated 
area were swigging from vodka 
bottles inside toe areas of 
highest radiation risk. Anoth- 
er persistent ramonr relates 


that several workers on doty in 
toe stricken station were 
drunk when the accident 

The conviction in the effica- 
cy of vodka as an antidote to 
radiation is now strongly- 
rooted at all levels of Soviet 
society and reinforced by a 
drinking song which extols the 
virtues of one of the most 
popular brands, Stolkhnaya, 
in resisting Strontium-90. 

“It is not a joke, it is 
something that people serious- 
ly believe,” one office worker 
explained yesterday. 

Western observers de- 
scribed tbe official Soviet 
moves to scotch toe rumours 
as an indication of serious 
concern about the extent to 
which they have taken bold. 

Vodka has long been the 
base for many other folk-cures 
in which ordinary Russ ians 
place an increasing reliance. 





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Thatcher likely to turn 
down all-party call for 
.Civil Service Minister 


- By Colin Hughes, Whitehall Correspondent 

The Prime Minister seems 
*«4ihety to reject proposals from 
-*€£ all-party committee for a 
^ritigle Civil Service Minister 
irate head of the home 

* CwiJ Service. 

Although the Government 
informally welcomed yester- 
•'‘day's report of the select 
Committee on the Treasury 
Civil Service. Mrs That- 
'•CMt’s formal reply in Pariia- 
jsau is unlikely to accept the 
c«B&st controversial re- 

•fsAn -particular, the committee 
TWrtti the Government's case 
vkgainst a Freedom of informa- 
tion Act was unproven, and it 
^dismissed Section Two of the 
^Official Secrets Act as 
i'lKicnforceable". But Cabinet 
Office sources doubted vester- 
i day that Mrs Thatcher would 
■fer pushed into reform on 
i either issue. 

.-■•.But she is likely to support 
■«0*oposals for expanding 

ministers’ private offices and 
bringing in more outside spe- 
cialists on policy advice. 

She is also expected to agree 
to issue a statement on mini- 
sters' responsibilities to Par- 
liament and the Civil Service, 
and to instruct Sir Robert 
Armstrong, Cabinet Secretary 
and the most senior Civil 
Servant, to open talks aimed 
at drawing up a “new note of 
guidance” for Civil Servants. 

The committee' proposals 
aim to clear up unease and 
confusion within Whitehall 
after the Ponting trial and 
Westland affair. 

Dr Oonagh McDonald, Op- 
position spokesman on the 
Civil Service, said Labour 
should make a dear commit- 
ment to introducing ministers' 
policy units, and to repeal 
Section Two of the Official 
Secrets Act. 

“If this Government does 
not implement these reforms. 


a Labour government 
.she said. 

Mr Peter Jones, secretary of 
the Council of Civil Service 
Unions, called the report “a 
wide-ranging and constructive 
contribution to the continuing 
debate on the relationship 
between Civil Servants and 

The unions would seek an 
early meeting with Sir Robert 
to begin talks on drawing up a 
more- detailed “Code of 
Ethics” for officials. 

Mr Des Wilson, chairman 
of the Campaign for Freedom 
of Information, said the report 
was “another nail in the 
coffin” of the Official Secrets 
Art. . • 

Civil Servants and Ministers 
Duties and Responsibilities, Sev- 
enth Report from the Treasury 
and Civil Service Committee 
(Stationery Office, VoU £4; 
VoUli 15.40;. 

Package to bolster morale 

By Our Whitehall Correspondent 

Government moves on pay 

Freeze cuts medical award 

By Nicholas Tannins. Sucta! Services CtaresjWB&nt 

. to cut the -doctors' and 
dentists’ award for- the sixth 
' year has come despite- clear 
signs of growing impatience 
' by the review body at the way 
it is being treated “We do* 
. ptare the effect of t he s e deci- 
sions on the incomes- of 
: doctors and demists” foe /re* 
. view body says injts-repon. 
The review body itself rates 
imo account economic con- 
siderations in formulating, its 
recommendations and for the 
government to then modify 
them pm the professions in 
. “double jeopenJy*’. The' re- 
peated interference ,wixh 

A package of practical 
Whitehall reform was yester- 
day urged on the Government 
by the Select Committee on 
^tjie Treasury and Civil 

3&tfis proposals aim to clear up 
’ 4 f&hfusionin relations between 
Servants and ministers. 
J-fe&tore Civil Service morale 
Rafter the GCHQ trade union - 
+fcan, the Give Ponting trial 
^snd the Westland affair, and 
+$&P& the machinery of gov- 
jStement up to date. 

* ~*The committee’s recom- 
” inendaiions include a full- 
scale experiment in expanding 
ministers' private offices to 
—-create new ministers’ policy’ 
a formal prime ministe- 
rial statement on ministers’ 
responsibilities to Parliament 
and the Civil Service: and 
;*piior-level talks with the 
Civil Service unions on draw- 
ling up a code of practice for 

*7The report says that “the 
'-‘bentinuing uncertainty and 
'?33ck of agreement on the 
mutual relationships between 
-r-frfinisiersand.Qvii Servanis is 
—’b" major lacier in the current - 
^■ittalaiso’-... . ' . .. V . .. . 

'*-7- Sir Terence HigginsrCon- 
•‘■^•S&Fvative chairman 

The committee's recommen- 
dation that the Government 
launch an experiment in ex- 
panding ministers' private of- 
fices into ministers' policy 
units, bringing in expert advis- 
ers from outside the Civil 
Service, is one of the most 
surprisingly unanimous 

* It is the first time that 
leading backbenchers of all 
parties have publicly lent their 
weight to the emerging consen- 
sus in favour of moving to- 
wards European cabinet 
systems in British govern- 
ment They also agree on the 
need for “regular infusions, 
temporary and permanent, of 
highly-motivated people of 
proven ability imo the higher 
Civil Service." ■ 

The proposed MPUs will 
require careful and serious 
evaluation, the report sa; 
with a full-scale trial ran in 
“more than one" department 
It now seems likely that No 10 
wffi back the proposaL 

Sir John Hoskyns, former 
bead of Mrs Hatcher's 
“think tank", welcomed the 
committee's proposals as be- 
ing very simitar to those 
recently proposed in a report 
titled Resulting Government. 

The committee also stops 
short of proposing an “Oppo- 
sition Department", but calls i 
for more money to enable 
parties to employ full-time or j 
consultant policy advisers 
while m opposition. 

-tstnmitlec, said that jfoe’in- 

The committee argues that 
the present three-way division 
of responsibility for the Civil 
Service between the Prime 
Minister's office. Manage- 
ment and Personnel Office, 
and the Treasury, is 
“unsatisfactory", atid calls for', 
a single minister for the Civil 
Service “as • a matter ; of 
oC the.. Principle". ' 


_ ifehaU'and ministers oh 
i^he^hand.iand Parliament on 
sat other. 

J*v*“There are situations in 
£«jfrich Parliament has no grip 
2*$n the thing at ah,” he said, 
►X^&ding that the Government 
>3hould tackle accountability 
*y<E$ “probably the most impor- 
J rant issue in the report". - 

ll'YOt \V\M 






present Sir Robert . Asm- 
strong), because of the heavy 
burden and conflict of inter- 
est Instead, the Head of the 
Home Civil Service should be 
a full Permanent Secretary 
working to the proposed Min- 
ister for the Civil Service. 

Together, those appoint- 
ments “would go a long way 
towards restoring Civil Ser- 
vice morale". 

The committee adds, in a 
dear attack on the position of 
Mr Bernard Ingham, the 
Prime Minister’s press secre- 
tary, that all ministerial press 
officers who are expected to 
advocate policy should be 
openly political 

appointments. ' ' ' . 

The committee's report, 
which comes after a nine- 
month inquiry, says that the 
proposals would, "if - imple- 
mented in full mean a sub- 
stantial change from the 
traditional view of how the 
machinery of government is 
run. It is our view that just 
such a change is now due”. 

The committee found “no 
convincing evidence that the 
British Civil Service is being 
or has been politicized”. But 
senior Civil Servants are being 
selected for their enthusiastic 
willingness to implement poli- 
cies, rather than for their 

interrogation of eight Service- 
men in Cyprus on security 
charges in 1984 has concluded 
that none of them had been 
subjected to torture or inhu- 
man or degrading treatment 
The actions of the service 
police throughout their inves- 
tigations were taken in good 
faith m an attempt to learn if 
there had been a serious 
breach of security, Mr David 
CaJcutt, QC, says in his report 
which was released yesterday. 

Hqwever there wore breach- 
es of the regulations under 
which the men were held in 
custody and interrogated. The 
report . concluded * “that the 
custody of the eight service- 
men was for part of the time 
unlawful and that even after 
the servicemen had been law- 
fully arrested on holding 
charges foeiroontinued custo- 
dy was at least i m proper". 

It also stated that the repeat- 
ed and lengthy interviews the 
then were subjected to, their 
iiototiori mid the fact that foe 
gard as justified any leak by a I interrogations were: . taking 
Civil Servant which is tie- place in a foreign country had 

traditional ability to advise I 
and administerl 


The committee sees “noth- 
ing wrong" in the increasing 
tendency of ministers to take a 
primary role in appointing 
Civil'Servants to seniorjobs. 

The committee broadly ac- 
cepts Sir Robert’s recent defi- 
nition of leaks as 

signed to frustrate the policies placed them 
or actions of a minister... Civil pressure. 

Servants who leak informa- [ 
tion should face the sack or] 
internal discipline”. 

The report says that internal 
disciplinary procedures are | 
preferable for dealing with] 
Civil Servants who break the ] 
rules. For “matters which 
injure the state" a recourse to , 
the courts will need to remain. 

Similarly, the committee , 
avoids laying down specific | 
recommendations on open 
government, but says “the] 
evidence we have received 
does not suggest that the 
Government has made a con- 
vinring case against, some, 
form of Freedom of informa- 
tion Act". 

Although the committee be- 
lieves that no code of Civil 
Service conduct could cover ] 
all cases such as the Ponting 
one and Westland affairs, it 
says that Sir Robert should 
revise and expand his memo- 
randum on Civil Servants’ 
duties and responsibilities. 

Mr John Moore, who has been appol 

for Transport, at his desk in Whitehall yesterday. 

Cyprus ‘spy* report 

No torture, but airmen 
were held unlawfully 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 
The official inquiry into the against the eighth. Signalman 


During the trial the men 
alleged that they had made 
statements that were untrue or 
had been made involuntarily 
Mr Calcutt made no specific 
reco mmendati ons but said 
that further consideration 
should be given to a number 
of legal and procedural aspects 
arising from his inquiry. In. 
particular he noted the poten- 
tial for conflict between pro- 
tecting the interests of the 
individual and those of the 
state. The service police, he 
noted, had to carry out their 
investigations without regard 
to this potential conflicL 
He also said that further 
consideration should be given 
to whether, in cases where a 
breach of security is involved, 
the cotmter-mtelligence. inves- 
tigations should take priority 
over the criminal 

Further- consideration 
should given to ex- 
tending the time. which people 
suspected of a security breach 
-could be held without charge; 
existing security constraints 
on the Service police should 
be examined; and the possibil- 
ity of conducting any future 
investigations of this kind in 
the United Kingdom rather 
than abroad should also be 

to spy 
trial men 

Continued from page I 

under undue 

“The pressures which were 
ultimately exerted on each of 
them were such that they were 
likely to render unreliable 
answers or statements." 

The ‘ report chided their 
interrogators who, it raid, had 
given “higher priority to the 
protection of the national 
interest than to the interests of 
the Servicemen. They did so 
not out of any ill-will towards 
the servicemen, but simply 
because they perceived it to be 
their duty to do so." 

The eight were Senior 
Aircraftman G. R, Jones, SAC 
A- Ughiowler, SAC W. G 
Kriehn, SAC C. M. Payne, 
SAC G. R. Owen, Lance 
Corporal A A Glass, Signal- 
man M. P. Tufly, and Signal-' 
man D. Hardman. 

Seven of them were brought 
to trial at the Central Criminal 
Court on charges under the 
Official Secrets Act and all 
were acquitted in October last 
year. No charges were brought 

Notice to members 

C&G Mortg age 
Rates Down 

Morigag esCompleted after 1 st January 1982 

In accordance with the Mortgage Conditions 

notice is given of the following Mortgage Base 
Rates effective from 1st June 1986: _ . 

C&G Base Rate 1: 

11 % ' 

C&G Base Rate .2; 


C&G Base Rate 3: 


[Cheltenham Goldloan) | 

These reductions also apply to mortgage offers 
already made but not yet completed. 

Under tfaeAnnnal Instalment Review procedore 
Interest charged will be reduced as shown 

above, but there win be no change In borrowers' 
monthly mortgage payments. 

All changes in mortgage rates during 1986, - 
whether up or down, together with the change in 
the basic rate of income tax, will be taken into 

account when calculating new monthly 
mortgage payments payable from March 1987. 

Borrowers will receive notice shortly of their 
revised instalments and rates of interest in 
. accordance with the terms of their 
Mortgage Deeds. 

s Chettenham&Gaoucester 

Chief Office: Cheltenham House, Clarence Sl, 
Cheltenham, Glos GL503JR.TeI; 0242 36161. 

Mr NeO Kinnock, the La- 
bour leader, was unable to 
present the British Press 
Awards as planned at the 
Savoy Hotel in Londoo last 
flight and had to be replaced at 
the last moment by Mr Gerald 
Kaufm a n , the Labour Home 
Affairs spokesman. 

Mr Kinnock thus avoided 
the embarrassment of haring 
to, present awards u> three 
hffln journalists, breaking 
Labour’s ban . oh contact with 
journalists in the News In- 
ternational group. 

Majorie Wallace won the 
Camjraigjung Joornalist of the 
Year award for her series- in 

_ .... 1 ‘ 

The Times on «!hwiy h «Mih 
Clifford Loogley, Religioas 
Affairs Correspondent, won 
the Specialist Writer of the 
Year award and the Graphic 
Artist of the Year award was 
given to John Grfmwade, 
Head of Graphics on The 

Three ether Times journal- 
ists, Roger Boyes, East Europe 
Correspondent, columnist 
Miles Kingston, and Pan! 
Valiely, were commended. 

The photograph sbowsjeft 
to right, Roger Boyes, Mario- 
ns Wallace and Clifford 
LongleyXPfaotograph: John 


up and crossed over from 
what was at first proper to 
what could only be regarded as 

Mr Stanley told MPs that 

the pressures which were 
ultimately exerted on each 
Serviceman “were such that 
these were likely to render 
unreliable answers given or 
statements made by them." 

He stressed the inquiry’s 
conclusion that Services po- 
lice investigations were under- 
taken without any animosity 
towards the Servicemen and 
none of the young men had T 
been subjected to violence, or 
any form of torture or inhu- 
man and degrading treatment. 

But his statement brought a 
furious response from Mr 
Kevin McNamara, an Opposi- 
tion defence spokesman, who 
described it as devastating and 
horrifying. He said the young 
Servicemen had been subject- 
ed to bullying and improper 

He welcomed the decision 
to make ex gratia' payments 
but said no sums of money 
could compensate the Service- 
men for what they , had been 
through. Including the ruining 
of their careers and the blem- 
ish on their reputations. 
“Thank. God they bad the 
benefit of a British jury." 

Mr McNamara said three 
key questions had not been 
answered: who had originally 
manufactured the evidence 
the-Servicemen were forced to 
confess to; why were there no 
disciplinary procedures being 
taken against people involved 
in the investigation and wfaai 
really happened at the 9 Signal 
Regiment in Cyprus which led 
to so many Servicemen being 
moved elsewhere? 

VMr Stanley insisted that Mr 
McNamara had given an ex- 
tremely exaggerated and se- 
lected account of the Calcutt 

He confirmed that despite 
the unlawful and improper 
custody of the Servicemen, no 
disciplinary action or proceed- 
ings was being taken against 
Services police. 

He told MPs that an RAF 
Queen’s Regulation which 
provided fora form of custody 
short of arrest- had been 

The Government yesterday 
imposed a force month pay 
freeze on doctore. dentists and 
nurses, giving nurses an aver- 
age 7.8 per cent pay rise from 
July -I with -an average 7.6 
per cent rise for doctors and 
dentists from the same date. 

The decision, which effec- 
tively cuts this year’s pay rise 
for foe two groups by a 
quarter, giving them rises of 
S.9 per cent and 5.7 per cent 
respectively. It means that, for 
the second year running for 
nurses, and for foe sixth year 
running for doctors, the Gov- 
ernment has interfered with 
the findings of the indepen- 
dent review bodies 'which 
recommend their pay. 

• Nurses reacted angrily io 
the decision. The Royal Col- 
lege of Nursing said it was 
“exceedingly angry” and 
would be in touch with other 
health service unions to con- 
sider a concerted campaign 
over nurses' pay. Even foe full 
award was “disappointing” 
and “pretty mean". 

The decision to pay the rises 
from July rather than April 
would mean a staff nurse 
would lose £143 of the foil 
£574 award atid a ward aster 
£ 200 . 

The increases for the year of 
just under 6 per cent come 
when health authorities have 
an allowance of only 4.5 per 
cent for pay and prices in their 

But -Mr Norman Fowler, 
’Secretaiy .of Slate for Social 

Pay rises 
up to 
9.5% for 

By Nicholas Ashford 

Servicemen and women are 
to receive salary increases 
ranging from 5.5 per cent to 
9 J per cent as a result of 
recommendations made by 
the review body on Armed 
Forces pay. 

At the top end of the scale, a 
igadier’s pay will rise from 
£2R40l to £32460 a year. At 
the bottom, a newly-enrolled 
private soldier earning £5,000 
a year wfll receive an extra 
jp74 a year. 

The recommendations will 
increase the Armed Forces' - 
total wage biU .by 
7.46 per cent. 

Senior "service officers, 
whose _pay levels are deter- 
mined by the review body on 
top salaries, have also been - 
givenpay inaeases. ’ ‘ ; . .- 
the Chief of foe Defence 
Steffsannu&l salary will go up*, 
from £75,000 to £79,000, 
while officers of the rank , of 
air-marshaL major-general or 
air vice-marshal will have 
their pay pushed up from 
£34.000 to £36,250. 

The Armed RSrces pay re- 
view also recommends in- 
creases in some' military 
allowances, notaWy m respect 
of overseas postings and for 
service in operational condi- 
tions, notably in the Falkland 
Islands and Northern Ireland. 

In its introduction, the re- 
view body report noted that 
while servicemen generally 
regarded basic levels of pay as 
being broadly satisfactory, 
there was some dissatisfaction 
over foe level of allowances. " 

The report stated- that foe : 
m ain aim of the pay. increases 
was to maintain ) manpower- 
levels at existing levels, which 
were “generally satisfactory”. 

Services, has won an extra £60 
million from the. Treasury's 
contingency' reserve to help 
meet the cost of foe increases 
for this year. That, combined 
with .savings of ..over. £20 
million as a result of inflation 
being lower, .than .forecast, 
meant- health authorities 
could -meet this year's award 
“without any effect on the 
provision of services",, he 
daimedL - 

That was greeted with ex- 
treme scept ic i sm tty Mr Frank 
Dobson, Labour’s health 
spokesman who said that once 
again the government had 
“robbed” the noises and foe awards putfoe “credulity" of 
extra money “will not fond " foe.rericw body -in question, 
the' total rises. This can only ! recreate* for titrcses from 
mean further cuts in hospitals July 1 wift range from 514 per 
services .and patients win cent to 84) perceMgsving: a 
suffer”. i first year student nurse £4325 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation said “doctors are becom- 
ing increasingly demoralised 

has treated record 
numbers of patients' but 
refuses to pay in frill various 
independently recommended 
pay awards to foe very people 
whose bard work makes all 
this treatment possible”. 

. The BMA said Mr Fowler 
had yesterday refused" to give 
it an undertaking that foe foil 
effect of the pay awards would 
be met next year. — when 
another £ 1 00 m ifli on wiU have 
to be found on top of foe extra 
£60 million the government is 
providing for this year. 

. The- government’s decision . 

a year, a staff nurse .between 
£6.475 and £7.750. and a ward 
sister at the top. of foe grade 
,£10.800. : 

The increases for dkxiars 
range from 6.8 percent to 9,6. 
A hospital doctor just after 
qualification will . receive 
£8,140 from July . i : while 
consultants salarieswifl .range 
from £23300 io £30340:. a 
figure that. can rise by another 
£27,300 for foe TrfT&f foe 
13,000 consultants who will 
have an A-pIus merit awl 
The average family doctor's 
income win rise to £21080 a 
year, with the average 
dentist's income rising to 
£21,700. • ' . v. 




nClMSKXx rmim t 

Senior Grades of the ffigher Cfcrt Service 
Head oHhe Civfl Service (See Cf-the Cabinet) 79.000- 

Permanent Secretaiy of the Treasury 74.000 

Permanent Secretary O&SOQ- 

Second Permanent Secretary 58JJ0Q 

Deputy Secretary (after 1 year) 44.500 ‘ 

Under Secretary (after 2 yeara) 3&25Q' 

Senior Senrice officers 

Chief of Defence Staff • T2JXS 

Admiral, General, Air Chief Marshal 63500” 

Vrce-Admirai, Li-General, Air Marsha) 44.500- 

Hear Admiral, Maj-Qeheral. Ak Vice-Marshal 36.250 

Lord Chief Justice 

Lords of Appeals MsW of the RoHs. Lord Rres of 

Just of 











. - ■ (MALE OFFICERS} ' - 


Recommended . Present 



- Major 


Lieutenant — - 

Second Ueutatwtt 
Officer cadet - 

eight years 
on ap pointment - 
eight years 
on. app ofrttntt n t 

six years : . 
on appointment . . =*- 

fouryaars — -M.523 

otmppointnwnt «. . . 10,428 

t rtny 

r — r . :• 




16721 . 
. 13,155- 

<29 Ml) 


- *49.680) 

$08? .. ; ' fr,490) 



Pay rise reduced at 
top and for nurses 

Gbntinaed from page 1 

last night in a parliamentary 
mitten reply that the resulting 
increases la the pay biDs 
concerned in. 1986417 would 
average little under 6 per cent, 
and that this year’s costs 
would be generally met from 
within existing public expen- 
diture plans. 

Conservative MPs were 
generally not surprised by the 
decision to reduce the awards, 
particularly heransp of the 
Government's concern over 
soaring pay demands: * 

In a letter to MPs last night 
Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chan- 
cellor of foe Excheqner, said 
that since the review bodies 

took evidence lower inflation 
had dramaticafly increitsed 
the real value of pay increases. 

• He went o m “It wozdtf be 
wrong, therefore, to took at 
these pay increases as h . any- 
way a guide for future settle- 
ments, either here or else- 
where. In the public services, 
as in private firms, we .have to 
be consdous of what 'can. be 
afforded; if we are not serrices 
and jobs wiU suffer.^ 

, Mr Lawson 'said foe in- 
crease for smses came on top 
of a rise in of 33 per 
cent more than inffation sinre 
I97SU while : foe. nttmbeE 1 of 
nurses and mHnttyeo had in- 
creased by more than 66 , 000 . 

, Leading article, page l3 

Kasparoy defeats Miles in final 


Chess Correspondent 

World champion Gary 
Kasparov (USSR) won his' 

day. with a score of 5.5 - 0 J. 

Kasparov, playing black, 
won the last game with bril- 
liant manoeuvres, including a 
king march in the opening. 

After the game Miles said: 

“I certainly seriously underes- 
timated him." 

Meanwhile, . in London; 
with one round- -to go in foe 
Klein wort Gxieveson. :UK- 
US chess challenge, British 
players have maintained thdir 7 
lead.' In round seven! Cathy 
Haslinger (UK) defeated An- 
gela Chang (US), Kevin Rist ■ 
-(UK) scored his -first draw 
against Alex Chang (US) and 
the British champion, Jon. 
Sped man drew his-game with 

White MUes . . 
BiacK: Kasparov. 

the- US champion. Lev Albutt 

A fVQ4 
3 N-QS3 

. 7 B fflF 
’ 9 (MM 
ti NXNP. 
13 NXM 
15 NXB* 

m a»or 

23 R-62 
25 IWC1 

29 R-K4 

P4J4 : .ZMU P-CS3 
WN33 ■•.. 4 MS .WO 
away e e-os 

JMJW 8 8-Q*.y MRS 
W 10 IM(S PXP 
IHB - . «2 04H'-' MppOO 
MXN -14 M-Oflrf - K-«2 
K-BS . 18 B4M HXM 
P40' 1 '18'tMJ .< JW5 
MS 20 H4C1- KXQ6 
P-Q7 22-R-KBt 0-05 
QXB 24 JWP B-B4 
QXfJP 28Q-B2 .a-W 
BJW - 28 fNO*3 ' 0-05 

wmie restgns. 

Fifth successive year of increased profits 

Besolts for the year ended 31st December 1985 




Profit before taxation 
Earnings per share 
Dividends per share 







12.9p . 
• 3*42p»* 

1984 figures have been adjusted for 2:1 -scrip-issue 

m May 1985 - : 

Housebuilding * Construction.* 
Manufacturing and 
Engineering- * * 



n r nufs- 

» !.*?■ 
ill -• 



- T -- 



T&ns Sflchs acfcnspd- of -an 
as&ssmaixm pfe# against- Mr 
N" Gandhi, the. ..Indian 
minister^ were rearrest- 
ep . ttomediatejy after being . 

discharged, by- a court yester- 
day because- of the collapse of 
«*e prosecupoacase pVer the 
rcfasat o f an undercover pd- 
if be 

A. fourth Stkh was dis- 
cnaig^d. The three rearresed 
m«n will appear, before Leices- 
ter magistrates again today, 
wjnfe_. the Direclor.of Publ£ 
rrosectmons- seeks a volun- 
tary.Bai oflndSctmeaii in the. 
High vdurt in Nottingham in 
ah attempt to tate^re case to a 

C royfiy . Court- without further 
cpnjnrittal proceedings. 

. v A defence, lawyer said "thaf • 
the. prasecutionTs decision to 
tty' to avoidt further committal 

mviCeerimiK.wac-^o ml fliHi Air 


i-jus»ce”. He.sajdjjjere 
appeared to have befen pres- . 
sure from the highest level .of 
government officers involved 
in the case. 

- The -three. .Sikhs, 'alt. from 
Leicester - were Jed from tbe 
doacafier. their discharge- and; 
rearoted within minutes, itfa 
wisoess . waiting room adjoin- ■ 
ing l^i^^ Crown CourL .. 

Sikhs who had heen. in the 
public gallery shouted abuse. at 
police-officers 00 . .guard out- 
side' the court room, v and 
accused die British Govern? 
men} of a. campaign agmnst- 
Sikhs on behaif of the Indian 

Mr~ William • Robert, the 
stipendary magistrate, dis- 
charged the four men' after- 
refusing ? prosecution hppji- 
cation . for another adjourn- 
ment wftiktbeBdlcrf 
Indictment Vv-as soughL - . 

Three, of the men had been 
in Custody since Gctober.Iast 
year when they were, aerated 
by police' officers, three days 
before Mr Gandhi unbred in 
Britain on a Slate visit 
- Committal proceedings 
started, on Monday when one 
of two undercover poficemeri 
who had posed as IRA gun- 
men willing to kill Mr Gandhi, 
refused to give evidence .If he 
was identified because, it was 
said, it could enctenger his life 

The Sikhs- were alleged to 
have hatched a £60,000 plot to 
murder Mr .Gandhi and tried 
to hire the “IRA gunmen" to 
carry, ou jibe killing. But they 
were., in ' feci undercover pin 

Government fegsl offic ers 
are te seek fiig)i Coart leave 
as a- matter ofurgeacy to 
prefer avotaatary Bill of 

Imlictineia so tint the case 
against the three Sikhs can go 
directly to the Crown Coot 
(Frances Gibb writes). - 

Such a Bifl is a way of 
getting a case to. trial wit ho ut 
'tc oMinlted pro- 
is befog sooght 
of an appeal against 
_ of the. magistrate 
that . the chief prosecution 
witnesses- most be Identified. 

The usnal ptectice is ter the 
names- of tee witnesses to-be 
written down and passed 
to the pthte li this case, the 
prosecution h asking ter. the 
names to be .withheld from tee 
defendants;. - a request some- 
times granted in official .se- 
crets . -prosecutions .and 
sensitive urilftanr case&. . ' . " 

The Bm - of fhdjctinerit b 
nsed where there fcasbeeu t 
praoedmldefeeth committal 
prbceedmgs, or. where those 
proceedings founder for some 
other reasons. 

1 icemen known, oifly as “Tom 
IT and “Ian S". 

A defence tewyer accused 
the policemen of Being, “agent 
pro vocaimre and entrappersT, 
whosoagbt to implicate the 
men in. a plot which otherwise 
would not have existed. ' - 
' Tlfo rearrested men were Mr 
JafnafiSmgb . Ranuana, aged 
45, a. company director, Mr 
SukyraderSmghGitt;aged30, ' 
a dyer, and Mr. Parma ta Singh 
Marwaha, aged 43, a factory 
owner! They were aiD origmal- 
ly charged with conspiracy to 
murder Mr Gandhi,, the 
charge on.whicfetheywerere- 
arresjed . yesterday, and of 
sotieftiag detective constables- 
Tour B and Ian S. to murder 
Mr Gandhi. 

Mr Ranuana . was . also 
cfaaiged with possessing a 
revolver without, a firearms 
certificate .and,- supplying 
drugs, alleged to. have been 
part of the- murder plot. 

Mr Hannmder Singh Rai, 
aged 30^ a director, who was 
released afro- the bearing, was 
originally charged with con- 
spiracy only. 

The prosecution case ran 
into difficulties almost inime^ 
diafoiy when Oetective^Con- 
sfebfo "B” was sworn iii but 

said he did not wish to give 
evidence if his identity was 
disclosed because be was in- 
volved m other undercover 
operations and could be in 

■ But the magistrate ruled 
that the policeman could give 
evidence as Detective Consta- 
ble “B** as long as htoname 
and the force in which he 
served were disclosed to the 

On Tuesday, Mr Peter 
Crane, for the Director of 
Public Prosecutions, was 
granted an adjournment while 
he- consulted Sir Michael Ha- 
vers, QC Yesterday he said 
the officer was willing to eve 
his name provided, his force 
was not disclosed. 

Mr Crane said the evidence 
of the two men consisted 

almost entirely of tape record- 
ings of meetings which were 
to have taken place 
the accused. 

. He said: “This is a 'very 
novel and difficult position. 
This is not an ordinary case of 
a -recalcitrant witness who is 
simply being awkward. You 
should have well in mind what 
his motives are. They are not 
ones of not wishing to give 
evident* to assist the court. 
There is. no defiance m teat 
sense. For. both officers it is 
because of their anxiety". 

Mr James Wood, counsel 
for Mr Marwaha, said: “This 
case has-serioos political over- 
tones and serious overtones 
not .‘only, in relation to tee 
charges but also the conduct of 
the police operations, because 
the' defence says it went for 
beyond thebounds of propri- 
ety andwhat has hitherto bren 
acceptable police conduct 

He said Detective Consta- 
ble “B" should go back into 
the witness box to be cross 
examined over the allegations. 
Without his identity- bang 
disclosed,' or that of his force, 
tee defence was not able to 
carry out its own investiga- 
tions and establish the 
officer’s credibility and truth- 

He said there appeared to 
have been pressure from the 
“highest level" of government 

Mr Probert, in declining tee 
adjournment application, dis- 
charged the men under the 
Magistrates Court Act and 
ordered that costs be- paid 
from central funds. 

Poorest face nutrition risk 

- Many . people, including 
pregnant women, chOdren and 
old people, do not have enough 
money to eat properly and may 
suffer serious health problems 
as a result, dietary experts 
said yesterday. 

Hie British Dietetic Associ- 
ation said in a report that it 
had become “increasingly 
worried" . about tee eating 
patterns of people on low 

Cash allocated for chttdren 
of families on state supple- 
mentary benefit was “grossly 
inadequate", and proposed re- 

By Onr Science Correspondent 

d actions in provision for preg- 
nant women may adversely 
affect both mother and baby, 
the repot sate. 

“We are extremely con- 
cerned that the proposed with- 
drawal of free milk to women 
c u rrently receiving family in- 
come wffl further compromise 
the nutrition of this vulnerable 

group," the dietidans sate. 

“We consider that certain 
Other groups of the population 
are partienferty vulnerable, 

Those included tee elderly. 

disabled people, ethnic minor- 
ities, the mentally handi- 
capped and the mentally ilL 
According to the report, such 
people were not only unable to 
afford changes in their diet, as 
suggested by government- 
sponsored specialists, but in 
some circumstances “they 
simply do not have enough 
money for food." 

The association urged the 
Government to look in detail at 
tiie provision of food and 
therapeutic diets far people on 
supplementary diet, or family 
income supplement 

Traders look to computer network 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

Bare food shelves brought 
about by misorderiog could be 
a thing of the past and British 
traders could save milli ons of 
pounds a year if new high 
street communication net- 
works prove successful. 

Yesterday the battle for that 
business hotted up with IBM, 
the American computer 
group, launching its system to 
compete with a British net- 
work fromlCL- 
The networks allow traders 

to exchange information by 
computer, including sending 
invoices and placing orders. 
They are sophisticated elec- 
tronic mail services which 
allow the users instant com- 

TradaneUhe British ver- 
sion unveiled in 1985. was 
designed initially to connect 
all tee British shops which are 
members of the Article Num- 
ber Association — those out- 
lets which use bar coding on 

the items they sett. From 
autumn this year a group of 
Britain's main shippers and 
exporters will also use this 

A spokesman for ICL said: 
“The EEC Commission esti- 
mates that in Europe alone tee 
total cost of all unnecessary 
delays to intra-Community 
trade exceeds £7.000 million 
each year. Once in operation, 
the new service is expected to 
reduce these costs •" 

Pill users 
on liver 
cancer link 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Family pfenning experts 
moved quickly yesterday to 
reassure women about the 
hazards of the contraceptive 
piH and its links with cancer, 
after new studies showed an 
increased risk to long-term 

The research has indicated 
that women who have been 
taking the pill for eight or 
more years are at an increased 
risk of developing cancer of 
the liver, whin causes about 
one death a month in Britain. 

Details of the research are 
published today in the British 
Medical Journal by specialists 
at a unit of the Imperial 
Cancer Research Fund, and at 
King's College Hospital, 

The Family Hanning Asso- 
ciation, aware of the publica- 
tions. issued statements 
advising doctors not to change 
present practice in prescribing 
the piU, but recommending 
that women who felt anxious 
should seek their doctors' 
advice before discontinuing 
the pill 

The cancer fund and FPA 
were attempting to prevent an 
over-reaction among women 
similar to that which occurred 
two years ago when scientists 
linked the piU with an in- 
creased danger of breast can- 
cer. Many women stopped 
taking tee contraceptive, lead- 
ing to a substantial rise in tee 
numbers of unwanted preg- 
nancies and abortions. 

Dr David Forman, who led 
the fund's research, said: “We 
have confirmed that there is 
an increased risk of liver 
cancer associated with right or 
more years of piU usage. 

Over the last 10 years in 
England and Wales, an aver- 
age of 19 women a year aged 
between 20 and 49 died from 
hepatocellular carcinoma, the 
form of liver cancer specifical- 
ly associated with the pilL The 
cancer fond estimates that 
between six and 12 of these 
cases every year could have 
been causal by long-term pill 

Dr Forman said: “These 
were tragic deaths for the 
women concerned and their 
families. But even if we accept 
that 12 deaths from this cause 
are attributable to pill usage 
every year, that would repre- 
sent only 03 per cent of all 
cancer deaths of women in 
this age group." 

Every morning Mr Alfred 
Street of Hackney, .east Lou- 
don, reads his horoscope “jost 
in case the stars say 1 will be 
lucky". t ■ 

Yesterday his birth sign, 
Aries, predicted accurately 
teat there would be "some 
money for today". 

“I played my usual game of 
Portfolio Gold and didn't gNe 
the horoscope chart a second 
thought until The Times rau 
me to say I had woo a share* 
Mr Street said. 

Mr Street, aged 68, won 
£4,00© In yesterday's competi- 
tion, which had a total prize of 
£8,000, double the usual daily 
prize because the competition 
was not held on Wednesday 
owing to terhnicyi problems 
concerning the prices Kst. ■ 
He and his wife May have 
decided raw to enjoy a summer 
holiday somewhere Jn 

Mrs Bernice Barman of 
Salford, Manchester, also mm 
£4,000 in yesterday’s 
competition. *■ 1 

“I just didn't believe it as 1 

lio GohMbr a weeks^S®^ 
asked my husband to check 
the numbers," Mrs Borman 

- If you experience any diffi- 
culty obtaining a Portfolio 
Gold card, please send aa sae 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 






























Mrs Bernice Barman; - 
beginner's lack. 

£2m raised so 
far by Sport 
Aid campaign 

The public response to the 
Sport Aid famine relief cam- 
paign has been “incredible." 
with more than £2 million 
raised so far, the organizers 
said yesterday. Z-. 

They announced that Mos- < 
cow was to join the “Race ~ 
Against Time" on Sunday, tee ^ 
dimax of a week of fond- 
raising. People will be running 
238 cities in 74 countries. * 


V. . 

p '■ 



* - 

*. *r.| 


J 3 ~- 


Print clue 
to second 
bomb plot 

The alleged IRA bomber 
who left fingerprints when he 
Wew / up.; Brighton's Grand 
Hotriafcoleftaprintwhen he 
concealed anotherboid bomb 
qine months later, a.coort was 
told' yesterday. ■ 

• .The- jury at tee Central 
Criminal Court has already 
beat tofdihat Patzfok'.Magee^ 
aged 34.from Bdfest. left two 
prints on tee R$jstratioa .card 
at. tee Grand Hotel when he 
booked in a s “Roy Walsh" in 
September 1984, 

• The prosecution afleges that 

be-hkJ a device in room 629 
whkft kitted five-people. dur- 
ing .tee .Conservative. Party 
conference, a monte later. 

Yesterday, MrDavid.Tadd, 
a l Scotland Yard .fingerprint 
expert, said -that be found 
Magee'S left thumb print ; on 
another registration ^card, tins 
time at foe Rubens HoteLnear 
Buckingham Palace. - 

In June-last -year a bomb 

wasdefused at the hotel 

'Mr Rby Airitoti fot the 
projection, alleges -teat foe 
Rubens' bomb was one. of To 
to be. planted in Londo n an d 
seaside, resorts in a'-swraho-. 
bombrog campaign fest yeac • 
Mr .Magee is accused of 
planting foe time-delayed de- 
vice it. -Brighton, can sing foe 
explosion, and', m; murdering 
five people. 

■ With four others, Mr Mag* 
is accused of ;coBSfHring_ to 
cause explosions ra the Ojntfia 
Kingdom last year.' 

7)*; otter .defendants are 
Gerard McDonnel, aged -34, 
Peter Sherry, agrf 30, Mart® 8 
Anderson, aged23, and Hla 
0'Dww,aapd 26^^- - 

All five nave pleaded not 

The uaal continues- ■ 

Pravda makes its 
debut in English 

By Abu Hamilton 

' Britain has yet another new 
dally newspaper, eagerly 
snapped up when it went on 
ante n Lo n d o n for the fed 
time yesterday. It . contents 
neither bug-name columnists, 
nor page 3 girls, -nor colour, 
except for rottfaR stones «f 
gfey. But its lead story is an 
exclusive account of the 
Chmhobyl nuclear disaster. * 

• Up to 45 milfion refers to 
tee Soviet IMa are fimtiBar 
with Prarda, the o ffi cial daily 
newspaper of the Soviet Com- 
munist Party. Now British 
reader* have tee opportunity 
to sanmle one rf the world's 
least sewsatisoaf newspapers 
with tee pabficattoa of atrial 

Hampshire basiwessiBau. , . 

J Last Sunday evening,' Mr 
King collected that day^s edi- 
tion iron tee incoming Aero- 
flot - flight at : Heathrow 
Airport, aud set a, team of five 
translators and fenr secretar- 
ies to wmh on its mx dense 
broadsheet pages; On Monday 
liiuhg, tee text to seat-fo a 
commercial printer at 
Bfeester; Oxfardteke, fo-foe 
production oif 7M9t- copies. 

. Mr JCtog said yesterday Be- 
had been encouraged : to at- 
tempt tee praject' when he 
learned earlier this year teat 
staifr feteton-feugaage edi- 
tions were bSug 'produced to 
Fhtoe, Italy and Spain. He 

of tee next three Thursdays, 
and will produce more regular 
issnes if it proves a success. 1 
M I am aOm favour of people 

* tee West knowing what this 

step to 
Mr Bag 


Pravda were aware of his 
project, and hadcoopcratcd by 
sending him the relevant 
copies, hut had hot sought to 
fafiueare him in any way. “I 
have an ana Y le ngth relation- 
ship with them, hat they have 
raised no objections." 

The first issue is not an 
exact reprint of last Sunday's 
Prorda, hat conta in s some of 
tee more interesting pieces to 
have appeared in tee Moscow 
ocigmal fai the past few days, 
including most of its 
Chernobyl coverage. ' 

. Mute of the.reportfag on 
tee nuclear accident is more 
concerned with tee western 
media’s reaction than with the 
feddeot itself. “No radioactive 
outbursts can .compare with 
the outbursts of anti-Soviet 
fies and -slander on the pages 
of tiie western press, witnessed 
daring the. past few weeks," 
one report said. - 

Western readers may be 
surprised at' tee amount of 
critirism of Soviet life con- 
tained 'to its loigtfay and 
rabrokea columns. 

; Neveitheltts tee newspa- 
per, founded, as its m a s th e a d 
predahas, by V I LeariH on 
May 5 1912, cannot entirely 
escape its archetype. At tee 
bottom of its froHt page is the 
seemingly ob ligatory story 
about tractors- 20 young girls 
in the town of Ust-. 
Karaeoogorsk were each pre- 
sented with a tractor inscribed 
with their name. - . . 

The next issne promises a 
despatch about the current 
state of Britain . from tiie 
newspaper's London corre- 
spondent, and an important 
article criticizing Soviet televi- 
sion. - 




By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The prospect that forestry 
might become, an important 
new British industry, revitaliz- 
ing rural areas, providing jobs 
and helping to reduce agricul- 
tural surpluses; was presented 
to the annual meeting in 
London yesterday of Timber 
Growers United Kingdom, 
foe national body representing 
private woodland owners. 

Mr Richard Livsey, MP for 
Brecon and Radnor and Liber- 
al Party spokesman on agri- 
culture, said the time was ripe 
for an initiative. 

The fact that the National 
Fanners* Union had said that 
h would like to see nearly two 
million acres taken out of food 
production pointed to foe 
need for a long-term -strategy 
for an alternative enterprise, 

- It 'seemed extraordinary 
that, when Britain imported 
about 90 per cent of its timber 
needs, it had not done more to 
exploit its own resources, be 

Wjfo foe pressure on firm- 
ing to. look for alternative 
sources of income, the growth 
of wood as a renewable source 
of energy was amost attractive 

Murder trial 

David Wynne Roberts, aged 
31, of no fixed address, was 
committed for trial to Carlisle 
Crown Court by magistrates at 
Windermere yesterday, 
charged with the murder of 
Mrs Bronwen Nixon, aged 60, 
a hotelier at Ambieside. 

in hospital 

The sop of Mr.Denb.Hpw-. 
dt Labotir: MP -for Binning- 
ham -'Steal! Htete' died in 

bdspita! yesteiday after a tar 
crash iu which . he 
sHStainedsevere; -mumpip 

Howefl, . aged 2U£ 
final-year social soence stu- 
Bristol Polytechnic, 
died in foe imenave cap unit 
of Frcndiay floipud- 
Bristol His parents were at tee 

He was 

Tuesday night after being 
catapulted from the luggage 
compartment ofihe *^5^ 
in which .‘he. 
with five stoffot 
otta towtoB-acmsstee M32 
S»fee Bristol.- - 

TV acting award is shared 

Usvto Satert, star of. tee 
tdendu series and 

Amm Massey, who played tiie 
lead to Hotel der toe, bote 
hwdeast by .KBC-2, shffri 


Socket lad gfeeu a ntyeef 
“hriBtont P wfo *™ a ^* s > 41 ^ 
cfedtog A SoagfarE*n» too 

Blotto* the 

gcSoSi tread#* BBG-2. 

Mbs Mussey had jtm 
u^perb performances teffo- 
iel dm Lee and Sacred Hearts 

OttChaaurid. ■ . , 

TWO wards - for ordinal 

prt>BaBaae*addeagfl — *ent 

m Qaw>el 4^ Max Heed- 
rooo t, which- • was-'^aboot a 
‘ ederirion 

Anna’s SnrriraL The judges, 
preheating; tee awards at tee 
Grosvesor House Hotel, cen- 
tral London, said tee series 
Involved "a programme pro- 
duction team whose work over 
the past 25 years has earned it 
tee admiration of profession- 
als and- viewing awliences 
alike, to both tee UK and rest 
of the world". 

Mr . Edward Barnes, a 
children's programme produc- 
er, took the SOver Medal 
awarded for outstanding cre- 
ative iduevement behind., the 
camera. Mr Barnes, who has 
worked to tefevistoa for 34 
created John Cravat’s 
tee "news pro- 
enunme for children, produced 
Blue Veter and pioneered 
Muhi-CQkiared Strap Shop. 

The writer^ award had ymit 
wtoneis: Atou Bennett for the 

BBC play The Insurance Man, 
and Graham Reid for the BBC 

series Ties of Blood. 

The children’s programme 
award west to CetoraTs Look 
at Me, the moving story of a 
deaf teenager whose dog was 
run over. 

- - The Judges' Award went to 
Merseyside Television and aO 
who eoutribttted to Bwokside, 
the twice-weekly Channel 4 
soap opera, “for an outstand- 
ing effort by aa independent 
company to setting np a long- 
running seriaT. 

Mr James Hawthorne, con- 
troller of BBC Northern Ire- 
feud, received tee Cyril 
Bennett Award, which recog- 
nized an outstanding contribu- 
thm to television progranunfog 
by an individual or group over 
a cousideralde number of 
years. . ■ 


RHP Group pic 

Half Year Results 

^Profits up by nearly 50% 
❖EPS up by 11% 
❖Interim dividend up by 15% 

Half Year 



1985 - 

' 1985 








128,292 . 

Profit before interest 





( 1 , 022 ) 



Profit before tax 




RHP is a British group of companies manufacturing precision 
electrical and mechanical engineering products for a wide range 
of industries, including aerospace, automotive, communications, 
construction, defence, electronics, engineering, energy, process 
control and telecommunications. 

RHP operates in the UK through subsidiaries 
and divisions, with subsidiaries in Australia, 
Canada, Prance, Germany, Sweden, South 
Africa and the USA and agents elsewhere in 
the world. 

Copies of the Interim Statement may be obtained from RHP 
Group pic, PO Box 20, Pilgiim.House, High Street, Bfflericay, Essex CM12 9XY. 











i j 


■^n '■ 




Spy case • Help for businesses • Radioactive waste 

Russian culprits over 
chemical weapons 


, were bi the 

cJUSLlSS? *9 "wwe chemt- 
the Government 
JSJJIJFJ® conader u in the 
» <£ circumstances at 

SteST * dun " 8 

wywa for the meeting of Nato 
77**** *n»owcre, not to agree 
Amencan diemical 
•capons, but Mis Thatcher 
that the real culpnt cm 
ethnical weapons was the «5o- 
v iet Union 

'fr Healey who to Conser- 
jative laagbter said Mr 
lunnock was elsewhere "male- 
nig- sure the next opinion poll 
rtwns were even better for 
Labour asked Would she get in 
taMcta immediately with the 
Secretary « Brussels 
ana instruct him not to agree to 
ocw American chemical weap- 
ons, and make dear that the 

Government would in no 
urcu i nstances accept the 
oeptovment of such weapons in 

Bmam since that would lead to 
a major escalauon of the arms 
race and be even less acceptable 
to the British people than the 
use of Fi 1 1 bombers for the 
attack on Tripoli (Labour 

Mrs Thatcher Opinion polls 
said vesterday (Wednesday) that 
the centre right parties would 
lose id Holland 1 notice (he 
result was somewhat different 
The l nited Kingdom has 
received no request from the 
l nited Slates with regard to 
deposing chemical weapons Of 
course if we were asked to 
receive them am such request 
we would have to consider in afl 
the circumstances of the lime 
This country has manufac- 
tured no chemical weapons The 
l nited Slates has manufactured 
none since the 1960s The 
culpnt is the Soviet Union He 
should concentrate his efforts on 

criticizing them instead of doing 

everything to reduce this 
coumrv's capacity to de lea- 

Mr Healey The extreme right 
party in Holland which is the 
equivalent of her own party in 
Britain lost heavily in the 
election The Dutch Govern- 
ment had the courage to make 
dear it would oppose the accep- 
tance of new American chemical 

Spy trial Servicemen 
were not tortured 


Following the independent ta- 
qdry into the way in which 
service po&ce carried out in- 
vestigations of eight servicemen 
from 9 Signal Regiment in 
Cyprus who had been charged 
under the Offidal Secrets Act. 
Mr John Stanley. Minister of 
State far the Armed Forces, told 
the Commons that he was 
prepared to make ex gratia 
payments to seven of them. 

He made a statement on the 
concl us ions of Mr David 
C akntt, QC, who conducted the 
inqniry and reported that none 
of the acquitted servicemen were 
subjected to any violence or 
threats of violence, or any farm 
of torture or inhinnaD or degrad- 

ing treatment. 

However, Mr Stanley added. 
Mr Catena bad also coodnded 
Oat the custody of the eight was 
for part of the time unlawful and 
that even after the Servicemen 
had been lawfully arrested on 
holding charges, their continued 
custody was at least improper. 

As far ex gratia payments to 
the seven, the Secretary of State 
for Defence would ask Mr 
Michael Ogden, QC who acted 
as aa independent assessor for 
the Home Sec r et a ry, to assess 
the awards. 

As for (he eighth Serviceman, 
Mr C akntt had considered his 
custody was unlawful but the 
trial judge accepted it was 
lawful. In those circumstances, 
an ex gratia payment would be 
inappropriate. It was open to 
this man to pursue remedies in 
the courts, should he be so 

While pressures exerted on 
each serviceman were such (hat 
these were likely to render 
nretmble answers given or 
statements made, Mr Calcntt 
had conciaded it would be unfair 
to be over-critical either of the 
investigating police or of those 
advising them. 

The Government accepted aD 
Mr Cakntt's recommendations 
Mr Kevin McNamara, for the 
Opposition, said the young men 
were caught up in a web of 

intrigue. buOying and improper 
treatment which n they saw it on 
a weekend honor film they 
would say it was good fiction. 

The Opposition strongly wel- 
comed the decision to make ex 
gratia payments to them, bat no 
sum of mosey coaid compensate 
for what they bad been through, 
far careers ruined, for reputa- 
tions blemished. Thank God for 
a British jury. 

This was not the first time 
such a thfog had happened in 
Cyprus. There had already been 
one Cyprus spy trial, with the 
same people investigating, 
which had collapsed around the 
ears of the prosecution. 

Why were there no disci- 
plinary procedures against the 
people involved in this investiga- 
tion? What was happening at 
the base? 

Mr Stanley: The question of 
disciplinary action for any of 
those involved in the custody 
decision subsequently held to be 
unlawful and improper, has been 
considered very fidJy indeed. 

As Mr Cakntt's report shows, 
the mdawfol custody arose prin- 
cipally through an initial inter- 
pretation of an RAF regulation 
which we are satisfied was given 
in good faith hot was sub- 
sequently found to be unsound. 

This regulation has now been 
suspended. In these _ circum- 
stances of ahsence of evidence of 
any culpable action or neglect of 
any individual, it has been 
concluded there are no proper 
grounds for disciplinary action 
on this score. 

As for the service investi- 
gators, the question of disci- 
plinary action has been looked 
at carefully hot the cooctesioa of 
the service authorities is there b 
no basis to take any disciplinary 
action against any individual far 
culpable action or neglect 
Mr Stanley added later that 
careful consideration had been 
given tn the three airmen who 
had indicated they wanted to 
continue their air force careers. 

They were being advised that 
day that the Air Forces Board 
was being recommended to con- 
sider their discharge. 

The reasons were being given 
to them in writing. They had 

been advised that they could 
make represent a tio ns to the 
board and ase the grievance 
procedure before its members 
prior to its coming to a final 

Mr McNamara asked why three 
men who had been foaad sot 
guilty by a jury and who had said 
they wished to remain in the 
farces were bring recommended 
for dismissal. 

Mr Stanley said tint it would be 
improper for him to Indicate the 

The servicemen t hemsel v es 
were befog told in writing and 
what use they made of that was a 
matter for them. 

However, be would say that 
meticulous care had been taken 
to disregard matters that woo 
contested or in dispute during 
the Official Secrets Act trial. 

Sir Anthony Meyer (North 
West Clwyd, C) said tie most 
imp ort a nt sentence in Mr 
Cakntt's impressive report said 
that in ear society it was for 
Parliament and not mvesti- 
gators, however genuine and 
wen-motivated, to decide that 
the interests of an individual 
should be subordinated to the 
interests of society as a whole. 

The Go vernmen t should bear 
tint wise matin in mind. 

Mr Stanley; I fully endorse that 
extremely Important maxim. 

Several MPs voiced concern 
that one of the airmen was not 
receive an ex gratia payment. 
Mr James Wallace (Orkney and 
Shetland, L) said it appeared 
somewhat petty and to be based 
noon a technicality. 

Mr Stanley said it was not a 
technicality. The trial judge had 
found that this serviceman’s 
detention was lawful and that 
was the basis far net makin g a 

Mr Patrick Nicholls 
(Trignbridge. C) said part of the 
report said that although this 
serviceman's arrest was lawful, 
the fad ore to charge him within 
48 hours was a breach of rules 
which rendered his continued 
detention unlawful. 

Mr Stanley said there was a 
dear difference of legal view. 
The defence ministers had taken 
careful advice. 

This adverosment is placed by 5.G Warburg & Co Ltd. and Standard Chartered 
Merchant Bank Limited on behalf of Bell Resources Holdings Pty Ltd. 

To All Shareholders of BHP 

The partial Offer by BELL RESOURCES for your shares 
closes next Tuesday, 27th May. at 10.00 am British Summer 

You should be aware that: — 

• The Offer has been increased substantially to A$9.20 per 
BHP share cum dividend 

• The Offer is now for a maximum of 400 million shares 
but is otherwise free of any conditions 

• No alternative take-over offer for your shares has 

Bell's Offer of AS9.20 per share represents:— 

• A premium of 50.3 per cenL over the price at which BHP 
shares have traded as recently as Apnl 1986 (AS6.12) 

• A si gni ficant premium over the highest equivalent price 
at which BHP shares have ever traded prior to this bid 

and compares with:— 

• BHFs advisers' valuation of the underlying assets of 
BHP, referred to by BHP's directors as being “something 
in excess of AS9.00 per share" 

To accept the Offer yon should complete the acceptance form 
and lodge it together with the required documents forthwith, 
but in any event no later than 10.00 am next Tuesday, 27th 
May. Acceptances may be lodged in the U.K. at Bell Resources 
Ltd., c/o The Bell Group International Limited, 17 Great 
Cumberland Place. London W. 1 which office will be open to 
receive acceptances delivered by hand on Bank Holiday 
Monda\. 26th May. 

If you have mislaid your acceptance form and would like 
another, please telephone Bell Resources Ltd. on 01-262 8040. 

Cutting out the red tape 

weapons as a Nato force goal 
and was totafly opposed to the 
deployment of such weapons m 

Mrs Thatcher Holland decided 
to accept cruise weapons Will 
he never criticize the Soviet 
t mon which is stockpiling 

these weapons 7 Is he always 
concerned to give aid and 
comfort to them, to make 
certain we have nothing to deter 
their use of them 9 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
Social Democrats The case for 
Bn tain retaining its Unclear 
capacity and the case for Nato 
having nuclear weapons m ean* 
we can denonunce the folly of 
the Soviet Union stockpiling 
chemical weapons 

This country should have no 
truck whatever in the 
stockpiling of chemical 
weapons as pan of its force 

Mrs Thatcher- If we were 
asked to deploy them, we 
should have to look at the 
request at the lime and have 
regard to ibe proper defence of 
Britain It would be folly to 
indicate to the Soviet Union 
what our answer would be 
now 1 notice Dr Owen 
embroils himself in that folly 


Almost 80 new proposals for 
cutting red tape presently entan- 
gling small business are in- 
cluded in the Government 
White Paper Building Bust 
nesses - Sot Barriers, Laid 
\ oang of Graflham, Secretary of 
State for Employment, said in a 
statement to the House of 

He explained that among the 
proposals were a major review 

on VAT the introduction of a 

personal approach by ctvU ser- 
vants and a reduction of visits 
by government officials 

There can be few more urgent 
tasks (he said) than to create the 
donate for growth of employ 
ment The more people con- 
centrate on running (heir 
businesses bee of unnecessary 

barriers the better for jobs, and 
more jobs ts our aim 

The objective, be continued, 
was to cut red tape and improve 

In the statement he said The 
White paper contains a balanced 
senes of new proposals for 
reducing adnmustraii ve and leg- 
islative burdens on business as 
well as a report on the progress 
made in furthering the pro- 
posals made m Ibe fast white 
Paper on this subject. Lifting the 

The White Paper reflects the 
Government's firm belief that 
only by removing barriers to 
business wiD enterprise flourish 
and the essential creation of 
wealth and jobs follow 

It presents a balanced pro- 
gramme which recognizes that 
government has a role in 
providing legal protection for 
workers, consumers and the 
general public, as well as 
protecting the environment and 
our quality of hie It also 
recognizes that unnecessary 
regulations act as an inhibition 
to business growth and job 

The Government has main- 
tained these protections while 
still taking a senes of significant 
steps forward in giving business 
the freedom to grow 

The work of the enterprise 
and deregulation task force, 
liaising with deregulation teams 
in government deportments, 
will ensure that there is a proper 
analysis of the effects of pro- 
posed rules and regulations on 

Hie Government wiD mod- 
ernize the Use Classes order to 
allow a wider range of changes 

in the use of buddings or land to 
lake place without planning 
permission It will permit busi- 
ness with planning permission 
for two or- more alternative uses 
to change between these without 
the need for farther planning 
applications. But 1 stress that- the 
Government docs not propose' 
to change the law on working 
from borne 

The Government will be set- 
ting up a major review- on VAT 
and small businesses, consid- 
ering such issues as accounting 
for VAT tm a cash basis rather 

than using invoices and an . 
instalment system for VAT 


The Government is introduo- 

ing a more personal approach by . 
ctvri servants in their dealings 
with - business so that 
responsibility will be linked to 

Young: Fewer visits 
by avO servants 
individually named officials. . 

There will be a reduction in 
the duplication of visits by 
government officials. PAYE and 
national insurance inspectors 
are now co-ordinating - their 
visits to companies and the 
Government is introducing a 
pitot scheme to pokhdinafe- 
vtsns by Inland Revenue and 
Customs and Excise officials. 

These arejust a small sample 
of the efforts being made 
throughout every governemnt 
department and agency to cut 
red tape and improve commu- 
nications. The proposals were 
carefully measured, none 
crosses the fine dividing line 
between liberty and licence 
As well as concentrating on 
reducing domestic burdens, the 
White Paper also reports on 
progress towards cutting the. 
bureaucracy imposed by EEC 
regulations and directives 
Following an initiative made by 
the Prime Minister, a task force 
has been established within the 

European Commission .to 
scrutinize all fature proposals 
that might affect business so 
that the costs of compbauce can 
be minimized 

At the same time as publish-, . 
ing Building Businesses — Not 
Barriers , ,the Department of 
Emptoyrarat hat launched a 
booklet Culling. Red Tape it 
summarises the contents of the 
White Paper m a popular and 
easy-to-digest way 

This while Paper will help 
jobs without losing any nec- 
essary protections 
Lord Bruce of Doamgtea'(Lab) 
said there would be concern at 
the. w g g t * qt fm that' only by 
removing barriers to 'business 
would enterprise flourab and 
the creation of wealth-aod jabs' 

. For the past seven years (he 
said) we have bam told that it is 
the economic and fiscal policies 
of foe Government that wiD 
create jobs. The Chancellor of 
the- Exchequer '(Mr' Nigel' 
Lawson), in the introduction of 
fas Budget last year, gave it the 
seductivriy attractive title of a 
Budget for jobs, since when 
unemployment has gone up by a 
farther 200000 

The idea that the- public mmd 
could be diverted, from what was 
happening as a result of those 
policies by a pate cosmetic 
operation was wrong. 

It was also' wrong to suggest 
that afl "that was needed to 
increase jobs was to cased few 
regulations. The mdicinietit was 
on - the Governemnt and its 
economic and fiscal policies. 
That was wttere the problem lay 

Unless these are altered 
speedily (be said) there will be 
no decrease m the appalling 
unemployment figures. 

Lady Seear(L) said it was being 
' suggested that the changes 
.would make a major contribu- 
tion towards - improving 
employment but' there' were 

many other matters of far 
greater importance While any 
easing of the burden was to be 
welcomed, snail businesses did 
not have access to - the sort of 
professional experience avail- 
able to large undertakings 
Lord Boyd-Carpenter (C) said 
the zeal of the Intend Revenue 
in p ushing * and hunting small 
businesses with ' the idea of 
pressing for information to en- 
sure early tax returns needed 
curbing That department, 
should oe given a broad hint 
that that sort of .thing did not 

Lord Steddart of Swindon (Lab) 
said the important question was 
how many jobs would be created 
by "die proposals 7 How would 
taking away the rights of work- 
era and reding safety regula- 
tions help 7 - 

Responding to tile repetition 

of the statement to the Com-, 
mons later by Mr Kenneth 
Clarke. Paymaster General and 
chief Commons spokesman on 
employment. Mr John Prescott, 
chief Opposition spokesman on 
employment, said it masked a 
farther attack on the protection 
of employees and a reduction of 
controls on employers. 

The White Paper would im- 
pose a deposit of £25 on workers 
going to industrial tribunals, 
remove the rights of pregnant 
women to return to work, 
reduce the tune off allowed for 
trade union activities, and re- 
move unfair dismissal and 
redundancy rights from hun- 
dreds of thousands of workers 

Mr Clarka said the White Paper, 
comprised a senes of modest 
steps to get nd of unnecessary 
bureacracy and lift unnecessary 
administrative burdens. De- 
regulation could only help gen- 
erate new jobs by leaving 
businessmen freer to con- 
centrate on their business. 

Yellow peril to industry 


Sr David Price (EastiagfaC} 
called on the Prime Minister 
during Commons questions to 
take action to defend the British 
shipbuilding industry against 
competiuon from Japan. 

Has she (be asked) received 
the message which came out. of 
Wednesday's debate on ship- 
building, that the whole House 
requires action against the Japa- 

Seeking sites for storage 
of radioactive waste 


.Four women, one of them 
screaming "Radioactivity wifi 
murder all of us”, were 
removed late tonight from the 
pabbe gallery of the Commons 
when MPs considered an 
Opposition motion to annul 
the special development order 
which would permit the 
Nuclear Industry Radioactive 
Waste Executive (Nirex) to 
investigate sites, without the 
need for planning inquiries, for 
the storage of low-level waste - 

Leaflets and flour were 
showered on to ibe floor of the 
House ,as Mr William 
Waldcgravc. Minister for 
Environment, Countryside and 
Local Government, explained 
that if the House allowed the 
order to proceed Nirex would 
be able to co Ilea the geological 
information they needed. They 
would then have to decide 
which site, if any, to put 
forward and set out the design 
of that facility 

The proposed sites are at 
Brad well in Essex. Elstow, 
Bedfordshire. Fulbeck, 
Lincolnshire and South 
Killingholme. South 


Dr David Clark (South Shields, 
Lab), an Opposition 
spokesman on the 
environment, moving the 
Opposition mouon, said the 
Government had rightly 
decided that Billingbam was 
not a suitable site Depositing 
waste there might have been 
sound scientifically and 
technically but n illustrated the 
difficulty they were facing 
when dealing wuh the nuclear 
industry They were dealing 
with public perception and 

News had come that day of 
an unfortunate accident just 
across the Channel in prance 
It was another reminder that 

the nuclear industry knew do 
national boundaries. - 

It would- be sheer folly, crass 
stupidity, to go ahead with the 
order whK±_would stifle public 
debate Scientists' said the site 
chosen would be safe but there 
was a gap in the public 
perception- ^of what scientists 
said and what they meant. A 
psychological factor was 
involved .which the 
Government was not doing 
anything to allay by restricting 
public debate with these orders. 

. The minister might say local 
authorities . could . reject ibe 
applications for exploratory 
work, but if they did it would 
be open to Nirex to exerase a 
right of appeal direct to the 
Secretary of State who could 
gram permission for the work 
Mr WHfiam WaMegrave said 
that the Government accepted 
that there was need for a near- 
surface facility for disposal of 
low-level waste The only 
present national site for that, at 
Dngg. Cumbria, had a finite 

.Another site ts needed (he 
said), whether or not the 
nuclear power programme 
continues. This Government 
believes that nuclear power, 
subject to stringent safely 
provisions, has a continuing' 
role to play Even if all existing 
power stations were to dose 
tomorrow, a new sue would be 

Before that, Nirex must have 
sufficient information to 
determine whether a site was 
suitable and could be defended 
at a public inquiry That 
required detailed information 
not least on the geology and 
hydrology of the site 

The Government had 
seriously considered whether 
preliminary geological 
investigation of each site 
should have been the subject of 
a separate planning inquiry, to 
be followed by a further 
inquiry into any subsequent 

proposal to develop . a 
particular site That could have 
taken a number of years. 

The Government did not 
accept there was a scientific or 
technical reason why short- 
lived intermedia ie~Jevd waste 
should not be disposed of riTst 
near-surface site 
intermediate level waste, 
however, was to be stated, 
pending tden ti fication mid 
development of a deep disposal 
site . • 

One of the requirements: in 
the assessment principles 
published by fas department 
was that any proposal should 
. include an “environmental 
assessment" of the 
consequences of that proposal 
This would require the 
developer to show that he had 
followed a rational procedure 
for site identification and 
would therefore cover 
alternative sites. 

Mr Austin Mitchell (Great 
Grimsby, Lab) said 
consultation had been a farce 
The minister had acted as the 
political arm of Nirex. which 
was itself the public relations 
arm of the nuclear industry 
which people did not trust. - 
Britain was hiring itself out 
to become the wash house of 
•the nuclear world 
Mr Simon Hughes (Southwark 
and Bermondsey, L) said it was 
stid not dear that there was 

S acral scientific agreement on 
t different categories of 
waste, still no uniformity on 
the boundaries between low 
level and intermediate levd 

Sir Bernard Braise (Castie 
Point. O said Brad well did not 
satisfy a single one of the catena 
laid down by Nirex Either 
Nirex was incompetent in the 
sense that it did not study the 
known facts, or worse it was 
deliberately ignoring them 
The Opposition motion was 
rejected by 244 votes to 166 — 
Government majority. 78 

nese who speak the of free trade 
and practise protectionism 
will she put an act together 
with our European colleagues to 
defeat this current yellow peril 
which is destroying industry 
after industry in this country 
Mrs Thatcher said Sir David 
might be thinking of the build- 
ing of a nuclear vessel which 
went to Japan The matter had 
been referred to the European 
Commission as the price was 
such that it might amount to 
dumping. . 

Home Office 
in talks on 


The Home Office wgg discu s sing 
foe problem of crossbows' and 
their .’distribution and sale with 
the. trades concerned, Mr Giles 
Shaw,. Munster of State, Home 
Office. Said dunog. Commons 
■questions r concerning -crimes 
involving , firearms and 

He added We trust that, as 
with martial arts weapons, we 
will achieve a level of control 
over distribution which will 
prevent them falling into Uliat 


Mr .CKre Soky, an Opposition 

spokesman on home affairs, had 

said the Government was failing 
to put its money where its 
mouth was on crime prevention 
again The minister bad already 
turned down his suggestion to 
set up a committee within the 
Home Office to examine, the 
needs and duties of legitimate 
.users and to balance these with 
the needs of new legislation on 
crossbows and firearms. 

Mr Andrew Barnett (Denton 
and Reddish. Lab) wanted a ban 
on crossbows, which were being 
used increasingly m crimes. 
Damage was being done to 
livestock, too Crossbows could 
not be justified in this country 
Mr Shaw said many people 
legitimately used crossbows m 
sporting activities. The bows 
could be used with perfect safety 
through organized dubs. 

Income tax cuts 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher in- 
dicated her continuing belief in 
the need for tax cuts when she 
told the Commons at question 
Ume There are many, many 
people on under average earn- 
ings who are asking for in- 
creased pay because their own 
take-home pay is too low The 
way 10 get up their take-bome 
-pay without adding to industry's 
costs is to reduce the standard 
rate of income tax 

Whenever Mrs Thatcher 
reshuffles her Cabinet, the 
ijffliipw are smiiinired to see 
how the batente.of power has 
been shifted between “wets 

and “dries”. ' ■ 

If .the dries are ni the 
ascendancy then it is take n as 
a sign that tire Prime Minister 
feels strong enough to consoli- 
date her power. If the wets 

that she has bees forced to 
accomodate her critics. • 

One could hardly read ranch 
along these tines into this 
week's mini-reshuffle- The (fry 
Sir Keith Joseph leaves the 
Cabinet, and the dryish; Mr 
John Moore goes in. Withfai 
the Cabinet the wettish Mr 
Kemretfc Baker wins the pro- 
motion on which all attention 
had focused. But the dry Mr 
Nicholas Ridley moves np too. 

No dramatic move there in 
one direction or the other. Bat 
it is a mistake to see. Mrs 
Thatcher's Cabinet-making as 
a deliberate and cons isten t 
effort to secure a (fry majority. 

She certainly distinguishes 
between her colleagues in this 
way. It was she who- first 
referred dteparagingly to those 
minis ters who had the temer- 
ity to disagree with her as 
‘•wet" But her selections have 
not been made along quite 
sach simple lines. 

Her appointments scan al- 
most invariably to have fol- 
lowed two principles. She has 
been carefuf to ensure that the 
economic departments are run 
only by those of her persua- 
sion. But elsewhere ‘she has 
been eclectic in her chokes. 

The only possible excep- 
tions to the first rule have beea 
Mr James Prior at the Depart- 
ment of. Employment — de- 
pending on whether that was 
then considered one of the 
principal economic appoint- 
ments— and now Mr Paid 
Channoa at Trade hud 

The wide range of her non- 
economic appointments can 
easily pass mrecognhtd, ban*- 
ever, if one focuses too much 
on the departure of the Pyms 
and the Priors, the Gflmours 
and the^Stevases. Ptominent 
wets have indeed been weeded 
out one "By one. But Mrs 
Thatcher has not taken the 
opportunity to construct a 
Cabinet in her own image. 

How otherwise could one 
interpret tbe presence and in 
some cases tbe prominence of 
such ministers as Mr. Hurd, 

‘Dangerous situation 9 at Wapping 


Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 

Secretary, loJd t be Commons 
that he gave credit to those 
Labour MPs who bad been 
trying 10 shed light and not 
darkness on the situation at 
Wapping. They bad been help- 
ing to establish some degree of 
contact, not yet quite sufficient, 
between police and print 

It ts down that path (he said) 
that a solution to tbe policing 
side of this problem can be 

He said that be did not 
consider that an inquiry into 
events at Wapping would be the 
right way forward. That lay in 
sensible ’ cooperation between 
the police and responsible trade 
unionists lo reduce disorder and 
prevent violence which only (he 
trouble-makers warned 

lu opening the exchanges. Mr 
Robert Adley (Christchurch. C) 
said Many go to Wapping 
intending to commit acts of 
violence against the police and 
when the police defend them- 
selves they air immediately 
secured or brutality 

Within minutes almost of 
these events. Labour MPs are 
falling over themselves to attack 
the police and accuse them of 
brutal i tv. including one Oppo- 
sition front bench spokesman 
Does this not make a mockery 

of Mr Gerald Kaufman's new- 
found rote as spokesman of the 
party of Law and order 0 
Mr Hunt Some leading mem- 
bers of the Opposition both 
inside and outside the House 
and particularly tn London and 
Manchester take every opportu- 
nity without proper investiga- 
tion to blacken and Snipe at the 

We are trying at Wapping, 
which could become and to 
some extent is becoming a 
thoroughly dangerous situation, 
to persuade the print unions 
who have a dispute with Mr 
Murdoch to exercise their rights 
of peaceful picketing and 
demonstration in such a way 
thai they do not attract tbe 
trouble-makers to the scene 

I very much hope n may be 
possible For them to pursue their 
dispute, if that is whal they 
want, without attracting this 
v lolcncc to it 

Mr Tony Ba n ks (Newham 
North West. Lab): Murdoch is 
nothing more than a cheap little 
crook who has caused through 
his acuon the social disruption 
and economic distress to print- 
ers we now seem Wapping. 

Some of us who went there 
came back and toid truthfully 
what we saw. as opposed to the 
blind prejudice and ignorance of 
Tory MPs. Will he have an 
inquirv. because we have noth 
ing to bide 9 

Mi r Hank Wbai be does not 
even trv to realize is that he and 

a number of his colleagues 
immediately assume that when 
there is any trouble the police 
areal fault 

Parliament has provided 
means through the independent 
police complaints authority for 
a thorough investigation super- 
vised by the independent 
authority into any complaints 
that may be made against police 
operations That is tbe proper 
remedy for any genuine 


Mr Antony Markm (Northamp- 
ton North, O said an inquiry 
might also prove the involve- 
ment not only of Militant MPs 
but anti-police councillors like 
Mr Bermc Grant and pro- 
ferrorist prospective par- 
liamentary candidates like Mr 
Ken Livingstone 
Mr Hurd: We do not need an 
inquiry to establish those facts 
Those' concerned repeatedly 
condemn themselves out of 
their own mouths. 

What ts inadequate is, the 
response of the Leader of tbe 
Opposition who thinks it is 
enough, to give an occasional 
■ gentle rap over the knuckles 
when what should be done ts lo 
make it dear (0 people taking 
this line that they wiD not be 
supported m their efforts to be 
elected to this House at the next 
election (Labour protests) 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weathenny Order Lei us keep 
the temperature down 
Mr Clive Sotey (Hammersmith. 


Lab), an Opposition spokesman 
on home affairs. He would 
behave a little more responsibly 

if he took the opportunity to 

remind many of the hotheads on j 
bis own back benches that many 
police officer*, including senior 
Ones, are also deeply disturbed , 
about the way events got out of 
control on May 3 

His own minister (Mr Giles 
Shaw) has taken to bean some 
Of the suggestions made by us as 
necessary to deal with it A small 
minority on the police video 
who were shown to have thrown 
things also came from right wing 


Would it not be all-important 
for the Tory Party to stop using 
the police to deal with the 
industrial consequences of their 
economic policies in any indus- 
trial relations disputes through- 
out the country 0 

Mr Hunt 1 cannot agree on the 
fast point The police commis- 
sioner has operational indepen- 
dence It is not a matter for 
ministers to give him instruc- 
tions as to how to conduct his 
duties and responsibilities for 
protecting those who wish to 
. work in a particular place 

I agree on the fust point 
Every sensible person, including 
the police, is concerned about 
the pattern which has been 
. developing in Wapping. That ts 
why 1 have spoken about it 
several times in the past few 

Mr Baker. Mr Younger, Mr 
Walker, Mr" Clarke, Mr 
Rifkind, and Mr Fowler — to 
say nothing of the ancon- 
trolled missile that Mr John 
BifTen has become? Some of 
these she has to have, bat 
others she has promoted as a 
deliberate political act 

1 am not suggesting that 
Mrs Thatcher is despite all 
appearances a weak Prime 
Minister. It is rather thatshe 
chooses to exercise her control 
in particular ways, and that 
these methods occasionally 
impose some limits on that 

She secures her dominance 
through pladag like-minded 
ministers in the economic 
departments and through the 
force of her own personality . 
Only if she were to appoint a 
wet minister to an economic 
post should one begin to ask if 
her authority is weakening. 

The uncertain factor in the 
present Cabinet is Mr 
Channon. I doubt if Mrs 
Thatcher would have chosen 
him to succeed Mr Leon 
Brittan in January if she had 
not felt beleaguered at the 

He has not looked particu- 
larly comfortable in the post, 
but be has been peculiarly 
unfortunate in his inheritance. 
“Nothing to worry about 
minister,*’ his officials no 
doubt murmured encouraging- 
ly as he took over. ‘‘Just 
Westland, British Leyland 
and shipbuilding.” - 

He deserves some sympa- 
thy, but I suspect he may he 
vulnerable in the next reshuf- 

W bile Mrs Thatcher's 
methods are generally suffi- 
cient to guarantee ber control, 
there has sometimes been a 
difference according to wheth- 
er decisions have been taken 
by the economic ministers or 
the fafl Cabinet. That -was 
particularly evident during her 
first two years in office. " 

Budgets are drawn up by the 
Chancellor in consultation 
with the Prime Minister, but 
public expenditure can ulti- 
mately be decided by the* fall 
Cabinet This distinction mas 
important during Mrs 
Thatcher's first two years, 
when spending was not con- 
trolled as tightly as she "would 
have wished. 

It might be significant once 
wain in the coming year if the 

Chancellor finds his pref- 
erence for tax cuts is drain- 
scribed by the Cabinet s 
insistence on social spending. 

r $ 

I L-S 


Prisoners hold ‘hooch’ 
parties in short-staffed 
jails, officers claim 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

plea by 

Ptolice on mainland Britain 

P^pcriy, Mr John BandL 
eIect . of the Prison 

r£?eS uon ’“ W7fe 

'h •£ 

•one-term prisoners, there was 
a hooch party recently and 
one prisoner ended uo in 
hospital' 7 

Mf Bartell referred to 

prison ers home brewing in a 
speech to the association's 
annual conference at Foike- 

lies as another sign of the 
internal stresses of which the 
association has long been 

“You can understand now 
why we have such a difficulty 
with drugs," Mr Bartell said. 
“The reduction of staffing for 
searches has created tirctim- 
siances which have enabled 
prisoners to increase the al- 
ready horrendous rate of drug 

Libel writ over 

stone, Kent. 

He told The Times that the flOt allegations 

prisoners either got crude 
ingredients for brewing from 
the kitchens or it was smug- 
gled in. Gallon containers, 
used to brew up, were con- 
cealed in a dormitory, work- 
shop or church. Chamber pots 
were also used. 

Mr Bartell said that at 

In an unprecedented move, 
leaders of the Prison Officers’ 
Association said yesterday 
that a writ for alleged defama- 
tion of seven officers was 
being served on Mr Gordon 
takes, Deputy Director Gen- 
eral of the Prison Service. 

— T 7 «« It arises from a statement 
Kanby Prison, Nottingham- Mr Lakes is alleged to have 
shire, it was possible for an made during the prison trou- 
bles. The association is seek- 
ing an apology with damag es, 
an injunction to prevent a 
repetition and an indemnity 
for legal costs. 

A statement, loudly ap- 
plauded at the association’s 
.conference, alleges that Mr 

inmate to complete a six- 
month sentence without his 
possessions being searched 
“amply because the Home 
Office has reduced staff avail- 
ability for that task". 

There was a high level of 
indulgence in “hooch”. In one 

— o uw. uniicicucc, auexes mai 

top-secunty prison staff regu- 'Lakes defemedofficers 

accused of 

By a Staff Reporter 

Committal proceedings 
against Douglas Lovelock, the 
police inspector accused of 
unlawfully wounding Mrs 
Cherry Groce, began at Bow 
Street Magistrates' Court in 
London yesterday. 

Mr Lovelock, aged 42, is 
charged with unlawfully 
wounding Mrs Groce, aged 38, 
mother of six, during a police 
raid at her home at Normandy 
Road, Brixton, south London, 
on September 29 last year. 
Mrs Groce suffered spinal 
injuries, and was paralysed. 

The committal is expected 
to finish today. 

Reporting restrictions were 

Libel soft win 
by travel chief 

A travel agency chief won 
“substantia]" undisclosed li- 
bel damages yesterday in the 
High Court in London over a 
newspaper article which sug- 
gested he was involved in 
organizing a rebel professional 
rugby tour to South Africa. 

Mr David Wytidham Lewis, 
of Beulah Road, Rhiwbiua, 
Cardiff, along with Welsh 
Sports Travel Ltd and Lewis 
Griffith Travel Ltd, sued As- 
sociated Newspapers over an 
article in The Mail on Sunday 
in March 1984. 

£14m HQ 
opens to 
an award 

By Charles Koevftt 
Architecture Correspondent 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opened the £14 million inter- 
national headquarters of Blue 
Circle Industries at 
Aldermaston, Berkshire, yes- 
terday, when h was also 
ann ounced that the building 
had won the Concrete Society 
award for excellence in con- 
crete construction. 

Mr Richard Gilbert Scott, of 
Sir Giles Scott, Son and 
Partner, the architects, in part- 
nership with D Y Davies 
Associates, said that be hoped 
the building “would give con- 
crete a good name". Appropri- 
ately, the company’s lake-side 
offices were molt using 6,000 
tonnes of-cement and 18.000 
cubic jnetres of concrete. 

Portland House is on the 
137-acre Aldermaston Court 
estate, and is the base for 400 
staff moved from central Lon- 
don, last September. The Vic - 1 
torian manor house in the I 
grounds has been restored. 

The award was given for “a 
finely detailed building in a 
splendid setting which dem- 
onstrates complete versatility 
in the use of concrete internal- 
ly and externally". 

The new headquarters is 
designed as a series of inter- 
connected pavilions linked by 
two huge glass atria. The lake- 
side slope has been used to! 
create a stepped building of | 
from three to five storeys. 

Science report 

Peptides lead war 
on viral diseases 

By a Special Correspondent 

approach to the company interested in the 
technology for producing syn- 

ttlntAlr-ifliKlriaa ?* 1 in onivnal 

A new _ — 

treatment of viral diseases has 
opened with the discovery by a 
team at the Medical Research 
Council's virology unit in 
Glasgow of how to shot down a 
virus's own reprod active sys- 

From ft could come a new 
group of elegant anti-viras 
drags which, instead of apply- 
ing die block-buster methods 
as with antibiotics in destroy- 
ing bacteria, would employ 
“umbrella-tip" poisons, inject- 
ing infected cells with sob- 
stances harmful to the virus 
but not the patient. 

Dr Howard Marsden, lead- 
er of the team, whose find in g s 
are published hi the latest 
edition of Nature, raid: “Yon 
cannot use antibiotic methods 
a gam«rf viruses becanse they 
are intimately bound up inside 
cells. Yon wonld destiny the 
patient's cells as well as the 
rinses." . 

The discovery exploits the 
fact that there is an essential 
enzyme without wh ich c ertain 
viruses, mdoding human her- 

tbetic “look-alikes" to an im al 
peptides, to help take the next | 
step for prod action of an 
effective anti-viral drag. 

Professor John Snbak- 
Shnrpe, director of the writ, 
pointed out that the group was 
not equipped to carry oat such 
development work add it 
would be a diversion of tbe real 
talents of his scientists for 
fundamental research. 

Tbe discovery was another 
success of the writ in research 
associated with the sequencing 
tbe genetic materiaL Other 
work includes sequencing of 
tbe genetic structure of human 
herpes simplex viruses, or 
working out dm blueprints of 
their construction, which is 80 
per cent complete. 

In aiMitinn, Dr Andrew 
Davison and Mr James Cott 
have succeeded in mnravelling 
the genetic s tru c t u re of tbe 
Varicella vaster vires, respoo- 
sbte for chickespox and shm- 
gles, winch was apprexhm * 
125JMX) nucleotides long 

nes viruses, cannot synthesize -. »- . . , 

{heir own mdear materiaL Vims sequencing h*h- 
The enzyme was found to niqiies for 

comprise of two distinct parts, 

r, one smaller. cal 

of the Meta- 
l's Ub- 

xejarwr one smaller. cal Research Conncfl’S Ufr- 

TteSasgow scientists have Motecnbr 

arcMdedrasTntbesizing in Cambridge, was awarded^ the 
Sk^tercTnentidemofo- second of htetwo Nobel [pares. 

professor Snbak-Sfaarpe said 

succeeded „ «, 

the laborato ry a peptidejHtote- 
cuk, resembling a rep° B “ 

of The world reeord toj se; 
in position. 

iTtoSTtedf on tile huger Coahrjg, wrthftemOM 

pan, wefenting the nocleotiile* of tie 

two pieces joining together 

In feet, several peprides 
have been found W ^ 

Barr virus, another 

virus. , 

Cambridge was also at work 
on yet another ferae herpes 

. _ • > — aaIVi 

fSSSSnSS^ wrus, the cytomegalo(!rig cell) 

^haveydfoteintit^ ^ the Medical Research 
[m ae en hafl l - Council mil oooo have four 

Sf 1 * a5 J^Sases tote credit while 

Tbe reoear th tbevrarfdtesyetto 

prisoners to riot, 
reverse was true. 

“So far from encouraging 

prisoners to take part in 
violent protest, the officers 
had attempted to persuade 
them to return to their cells,” 
the statement said. 

At the request of tbe 
Gloucester officers, the associ- 
ation bad taken legal advice. 
“The POA cannot stress too 
sally that it is committed to 

ling everything in its power 

to assist its Gloucester branch 
members in the vindication of 
their professional reputation 
and the defence of their iateg* 
rity as prison officers.” 

Conference called for action 
by tbe Government against 
the threat of Aids in prisons. 
Officers want all inmates from 
high-risk groups — homosex- 
uals and drug users — to be 
isolated until blood tests 
showed negative results. 

Within three months the 
Prison Department should 
provide cells in isolation 
units, separate from accom- 
modation for non-infected in- 
mates. The unit should have 
medically-trained staff with all 
possible safety precautions 
and protective clothing to 
minimize the risk of infection. 


- - forte, a 

police wficer from Northern 
Ireland said yesterday. 

Me Alan Wright, ch airman 
of foe Ulster Police Federa- 
tion, said: “Keep firearms in 
the hands of as few, selected, 
highly-trained officers as the 
few and order situation 

He told the amm»i confer- 
ence of the Police Federation 
of Fvngtend and Wales at 
Scarborough: .“I would urge 
yu not to accept any measme 
which, in the long-term, wonld 
corrupt tbe ideal of an un- 
armed service. Your police 
service, on this point alone, is 
admired the world over. Yon 
nsist beep it like that” 

AH police officers in North- 
era Ireland now carried guns, 
but be said tbey strove towards 
the goal of an unarmed civilian 
police service. Mr Wright, 
who was given a standing 
oration, said: “The spread of 
arms within (he police service 
brings dangers to officers and 
the public. 

“You must select yosr offi- 
cers carefully. Yon most main- 
tain the highest standards of 
weapon training and, even 
then, yon are going to have 
accidents to the public. But 

yeo will also have accidents 
among officers, especially 
ywag policemen." 

A medieval knight using later technol 
ceremonies at Prudboe Castle, North nml 

_ opening 

MPs urge control 
on immigration 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

The Government was urged 
yesterday to bring in stricter 
controls of immigration from 
Bangladesh after evidence of 
widespread fraud. 

The Commons’ all-party 
home affairs select committee 
also called fora ban on second 
and subsequent wives and 
their children joining their 
husbands in Britain. 

The findings of the 
committee's wide-ranging in- 
quiry into immigration from 
the Indian sub-continent con- 
firmed that the level is expect- 
ed to remain high for some 
years, although it may go 
down in the long-term. 

Last year 17,510 people 
from India, Pakistan and Ban- 
gladesh were allowed to settle 
in Britain, out of a total 
immigration figure of 55,400. 

The MPs called for a stricter 
scrutiny of those who re- 
applied to enter Britain from 
Bangladesh after finding that 
93 per arm of reapplications 
contained an element of 

Accusations that officials 
had an “obsession with detec- 
tion of fraud" were unfair, 
they concluded. 

“Examples exist of false 
relationships being main- 
tained for as long as 10 years, 
including on oath before an 
adjudicator of entry clearance 
being sought for bogus rela- 
tives in preference to genuine 
ones; of false wives as well as 
false children; and of false 
relatives being included on 

applications for the sake of 
financial gain”. 

Bui new procedures shoolcP 
be brought in to deal wit£r 
complaints against immigja^ 
lion officials on the Indian 
Sub-continenL " t - \ 

They suggested potential, 
immigrants should be finger- 
printed voluntarily to specgL 
up entry procedures- 
The committee, which visits 
ed the three countries, ako' 
described the dilemma o£ 
“relucant brides”, whose fianc- 
ees tried to bring them iritft 
Britain for an arranged mar-r 
riage against their wishes. 

Unless the women opposed: 
the marriage publicly, their 
fetters to immigration officials 
could not be the basis of 
refusing entry. But the co/n-' 
mittcc has asked for such) 
letters to be considered. ;5 - 
Mr David Waddington^ 
Minister of Slate at the Hotoe^ 
Office, welcomed the report 
and promised to study it- “UK 
conclusion clearly underling 
the need to maintain film, 
control which prevents abusft- 
and the need for immigration 
rules designed to prevent the? 
use of marriage for immigra-' 
icon purposes”. 

The Joint Council for the 
Welfare of Immigrants de- 
scribed the report as “compla- 
cent and superficial". 

Second Report from the Home 
Affairs Committee on Immigra- 
tion from the Indian Sub-Conti- 
nent. Vol I, (Stationery Office, 

Why does 
Peat Marwick hire 
more graduates than 

;> J 



Every year 10% of all graduates 
apply for a job with us. 

We select 600. 

Our nearest rival hires only 4S0. 

There is no one simple reason 
why we need so many more. 

Mainly ift to do with the type of 
work experience we provide. 

We don’t just pick graduates with 
finance related degrees. (In fact, 75% 
of our graduates have arts, sciences 
or social studies degrees) 

We don’t aim to produce an 
army of super-specialised auditors 
who can only communicate with 
other accountants. 

We look for people with * 
breadth and personality as 
well as brains. We’re for less 
concerned with background 
than with potential 

If you come to us we’ll 
allocate you to one of our 
partners who will oversee 
your individual training 

You will join a small 
group of people in a multi- 
disciplinary department. 

You’ll work on tax and business 
advisory tasks, as well as auditing 
and accounting. 

You’ll move around and be 
exposed to a variety of problems in 
a range of businesses. 

Perhaps you’ll get a chance to 
work overseas. You could specialise 
later if you want to. 

And we provide excellent exam 

Peat Marwick trained people are 
in great demand outside _the pro- 
fession as weD as in it. 

We know we’re 

going to lose some of our people to 
successful careers in commerce, 
industry and banking. 

But it has never done us any harm 
to have friends in 
high places. 





I rised 

i : und 


. 1 


, : \.j ?r; 

! fc i 


You have a partner at feat Marwick. 




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how and engineering advances that went into 
tne new Astra, that’s no great surprise. } : 

Those magnificent men? . Tlie Astra is now available in no fewer than 

A most apt description of the staff at your raneteen different versions. ^ V ^ r 

local Vauxhall-Opel dealer. - Tliere are three-door and five-door hatch- 

And their flying machines? backs. A range of cargo-swallowing estates^ 

Why, none other than the aerodynamic _„ rt . Plus A a choice of 1-2, 1-3, 16 and TBi 
Astra Red Arrows presently trailing ctals of en ^“ les - ^ wel1 as a 1*6 diesel. : ^ 

glory on your TV screens. r*nJr Ild - let ’ s ] lot foi ^ et the 126mph Astra 

That’s as well as being outright leaders of TEUvailable in 3 or 5-door versions. ..... 

their group in the 1986 British Open Rallv 7° 7°° h ¥ our test flight we* advise you to 

Championship and helping Vauxliall to lead ~ contoct your local dealer as soon as possible:, 
the manufacturer’s Award. With prices starting at £5,000, 

(Mind you, considering the technical know- ncrt en^^ * ??*?&. -- - 

F ■ 11 _ rn. a - RESOURCES OF GURMI umi 

xhall’s Red. Arrows, 


[ flAG KEqflyTHewOBLDVwog 

D 1 1 K R • BY D e s iTn — 




~ 4 White Paper on deregulation 

Government moves to cut red tape 

The Government yesterday delays in the issue of the 
announced a set of wide- certificates needed by seif 1 
ranjang moves to reduce the employed construction work- 
burden of bureaucracy on ers under the **7 14" scheme. 


ness and its wider effect on before laldn 
society .The main proposals industrial tri 
are: It will e 

a case to an 


It will enable permission to 
be granted for two or more 

fering courses to one sex only. 

Companies with fewer than 
20 employees will be exempt- 

alternative uses, allowing ed from - the requirement to 
changes between them with- provide staff with a written 
out the need for further plan- statement on disciplinary and 
ning applications. (That will, grievance procedures: 

for example, help “high-tech 

It proposes to restrict the 
existing wide range of indus- 

A consultation paper will be trial relations duties for which 

published on possible changes 
to simplify and improve the 
development plan system. It 

time off with pay must be 
allowed to the scope of trade 
union recognition by the 

will consider allowing shops employer, 
and offices to be extended The hours of work thresh- ! 
within certain limits without olds above which employees 
planning permission. qualify for the main employ - 1 

The effects of the refusal of ment rights will be increased. 

planning permission on busi- 
nesses are being examined. 

There will be consultations i 
on proposed changes to the! 

It wants to encourage flexi- regulations governing protec - 1 
bility in. the use of redundant lion of employment when a 1 

new advice to l 

i through business changes hands, 
planning A survey wul be conducted 
of outdated health and safely 

The scope for ratiooaliziiig legislation, 
and simplifying existing regu- Simple but informative 
lations on environmental pro- posters will be prepared set- 1 
lection will be examined. ting out health and safety! 

. legislation in place of posting 

Customs and Excise ^***«on« ac*- . 

. . ■ - — — . It will undertake a study to j 

_ _ . ■ quantify the benefits of bans- 1 

• |#Air|aW AT faring all health and safety 
j\v ▼ AV TV U1 Inspection to the factory 1 


■ TIOllOV Sample testing will be made 

PvUVJ pF a model employment form , 

• T7 a np and a notice board kit to 

OH Y 1 simplify paperwork for em- 

ployers and promote effective : 
A review will be set up of communication at the 
policy on value added tax workplace, 
towards small businesses to ■■■ - »■ ^ 

consider accounting for VAT Sodal Security 
on a' cash basis ratber than 
using invokes, and an instal- 
mrnt system for paying the JnqUirteS 

The procedures for VAT - 

registration and deregistration waH ii pad 

will be reviewed, as will the A vUUV/CU 
pracUcal operation of free i nau \^ of cmnlovers 

tectionwillbe examined. 

Customs and Excise 

Review of 
on VAT 

consider accounting for VAT Sodal Security 
on a' cash basis ratber than 
using invokes, and an instal- 

mrnt system for paying the XnqtlineS 

The procedures for VAT - 

registration and deregistration waH ii aaH 

will be reviewed, as will the A%<AA1AA<VU 

practical option of free , nquiries 0 f employers 
zone and the treatment of aboul ^ ^ ^ ^n. 

V A* ■ - .... ploy ment records of their 

• T1 y. 0 S?T ! Sl S?,, y?r employees will be reduced.! 

nor the effects of the new VAT ^ establishing I 

penalty system Mid ml , ret i up points for employers j 

• pitaMchawtomtM be considered. 

m traders with the Inland Maternity allowance and 
Revenue. . - maternity pay will be com- 

Fees and annual renewalof and the roles for con- 1 

licences to produce or process iracting-oul pension schemes I 
ttasabk pods ^ » ako- siltl p|i&3. 
hobcdrmkswifl be abolished. , .. — — — . 

Tax and Insurance 

forms to 
be simpler 

The Pav As You Earn form 
PI ID will be reviewed with a 
view to reducing record keep- 
ing for payments in kind. 
PAYE 'form P35 which em- 

ployers use to give end-of-year circumstances in cinemas dur- 
summarics of the tax and pay ing performances.. 

Duett owerwhehM response from Mondays 
-ii ertde by Ubby Purves "Caught on the Rebound" 


Who are Trying to contact, 

FT Leisure Lai Regarding the PT Bouncer 
Please conracr. 


P.O. BOX 260 
TEL: 0296 87115 
"Open all Bank HoSday Weekend" 

The Government will pub- 

In a White Paper on cutting lish a short and simple leaflet 
red tape. Building about tax for people setting up 
Businesses.,. Noi Barriers, it in business and explanatory 
outlined 82 proposals to tackle leaflets OR PAYE audit visits 
unecessary regulations affect- and investigations. Models for 
fog planning and the environ- employee share schemes will 
ment. tax, employment and Ik prepared. 

•Social security, government ■■■ ■■ 1 

transport and Employment law 

Lord Young said that busi- 
nessmen .could not fail to be * A aHatI ah 
struck by the weight of de- ilt-llUll 1111 
mantis from government de- g* a 

payments through forms, T1Y1 t$11T 

visits, inquiries' and informa- Wi l< Mi 

ikm requests and that he ii t i 

wanted to tilt the balance of HlfiTTll I 
advantage away from bureau- U1»AAA13»*AA 
cracy ana towards business. The Government will con- 
A central task trace has been sider action to deter ilMbund- 
creaied to vet all new propos- ed claims of unfair dismissal 
als for legislation and to through the possible totroduc- 
investigate the reason for the tion of a fee for employees 
regulation, its impact on busi- (returnable in most cases) 

are: It will extend from six 

1 1 ■— — months to two years the 

Environment qualifying period after which 

, employers are required to give 

a derailed statement of nsa- 

PlnnnivlA sons for dismissal 

Cl aimin g It will exempt films with 

« ° fewer than 10 employees from 

|*11 Ipc A|*A the requirement to allow a 

A UiVij til V woman to return to work 

1 j within 29 weeks after the birth 

relaxed ° r& 

A V1UAVU The requirement will be 

The Government intends to removed for vocational train- 
allow a wider range of changes mg bodies to seek a ministerial 
of use of buildings to take designation under the Sex 
place without planning Discrimination Act before of- 

The Enterorise and Deregu- 
lation Unit has-been pursuing 
a number of issues with 
departments: more business 
liaison points will be set op; 
scope far more direct consul- 
tation with individual busi- 
nesses will be increased; 
market research will be used 
to establish business under- 
standing of regulations. 

Databases will be developed 
for small firms and others and 
making them more widely 

Civil Servants will be en- 
couraged to adopt a more 
personal approach in dealing 
with businesses (for example 
by including their names on 
all letters). 


Hire car 
law to be 

A review will start early 
next year of the legislation 
governing taxi and hire cars in 



operator licensing 

It will introduce open indi- 
vidual export licences to sim- 

The Government will ac- piify exports to the other 
tivdy negotiate for a more countries of the Western 
liberal international coach alliance, 
market within the EEC. Licences for the use of low 

market within the EEC. Licences for the use of low 

- power radio devices will be 
Trade and industry dimmated and a study com- 

- £— missioned of the scope for 

^ applying market forces to the 

Company SB of radi0 

. It will consult the insurance 

industry on modifications to 
tiWU till the Policyholders Protection 

Simnllfied Consultations will be held 

juupuiivu on simplifying the Advertise- 

The form and content of ment Regulations of the Con- 
small company accounts will sumer Credit Act. 
be simplified. The scope for - 

Food and agriculture 


Consultations will be held ^Anfl*Al 
on the amount of information v^UllU U1 

* A [ 

i 'lil 

• t':'. : • • •**- ?■•'* • ' 

:* *•" mm 

.}}■ : w- 


Food and agricnitnre 

Consultations will be held 
on the amount of information 
companies are required to file 
with the companies registra- 
tion offices. 

The abolition of the rule 
which requires registered 
companies to specify in exces- 
sive detail the range of their 
activities will be considered. 

The Government will ex- 
amine the scope for simplify- 
ing the law relating to 

^“Jand , company iSmta 

J&ssas 5s ns- ° f — for 

menUbr MoT garages wiU be h ^ a* export 

. ... licensing system and its effect 

on business and will publish a 
be considered m the goods user guide to the system. 

of pests 

Proposals are made to sim- 
plify and consolidate tbe nu- 
merous Orders under the 
Plant Health Act 1967: 

The scope for simplification 
of the procedures for issuing 
licences for disposal of waste 
at sea will he examined: 

The Government will re- 
view the need for annual 
renewal of licences for pest 

It will review all MAFF 
licences by the end of 1986: 

Regency mansion 
on sale for £8m 

Nuffield Lodge in Regent's paid for The Holme, also by 
Park, central London, one of Dedmos Burton, in Regent's 

the villas boflt by Dedmas 
Barton as part <rf Nash's grand 
design for the park, could 
become the most expensive 
private house sold on the open 
market hi London (Our Prop- 
erty Correspondent writes). 

Although some houses may 
have been sold privately for 
more, the asking price of offers 
of more than £8 million ex- 
ceeds the substantial prices 

Park, and Number 20, Ken- 
sington Palace Gardens, 
which in the last two years 
came on the market at around 
£5 million. 

It is being sold with a 99- 
year lease by the Crown Estate 
Comnusskmcrs, with the foun- 
dation, on the stipulation that 
it becomes a private residence 
in single occupation. 

Photographs: Dod Miller 

■' v. s 'i 
; . -V A* 

Home departments 




Simplified certification for 
firearm dealers will be 

New regulations will be 
introduced requiring fewer 
staff to be present in certain 


• ■ ! 


dectrical tech- ^ 

oil price levels electridty can 
^***-~s bring substantial cost savings. } 
Fill in the coupon for more 
information or contact your Industrial Sales 
Engineer direct at your local Electricity Board 


paid for 



bearing a ntneteettth-centuiy 
inscription to tlk effect JJ 

was salvaged from a South 
Carolina swamp, sold yester- 
day for £46^0a one of the top 

prices, at an otherwise slow 
sale of fine oriental manu- 
scripts and miniatures at 
Sotheby’s. . t . - 

At Chnsue s sate of fine 
English furniture, a group of 
50 pieces of fine quality imd- 
Victorian papier-mache ware 
did well. . , . ... 

A pair of ebomzed and 
japanned polescreens, usualfy 
a difficult thing, to sell, each 
painted with a Highland stalk- 
ing scene after Landseer, 
fetched £2,376 (estimate 
£800- £1,000). 

An ornate tray and a small 
pedestal table, both painted 
with a copy of the same 
Landseer animal painting, the 
“The Queen’s Favourites , 
sold for well above their 
estimates at £4,536 and 

Other decorative pieces also 
did well, with a Regency 
giltwood window seat (esti- 
mate £2,000 - £3,000) and a 
pretty Geonje 111 inlaid satin- 
wood Pembroke table (esti- 
mate £2,500 - £3,500) fetching 
£5,940 each. ? 

Before Bedford Commercial \fehides called in Eastern 
Electricity Board to advise them, their heating costs for curing were 
in the fast lane. 

The fuel-fired oven used in the sound-deadening treatment of 
truck cabs at their Dunstable plant was costly to run and maintain. 

Norman Smith, Industrial Sales Engineer at 
Eastern Electricity, carried out costings that 
convinced Bedford that converting to electric infra-red 
heating would cut costs drastically and give fast 
response to production line demands. 

His calculations were right A 70% 
mmMOm reduction in energy costs paid back Bedfords 

investment inside ten months. 

pSS This was just one of several thousand 

IWttmB tackled by Hectridty Board Industrial 

s, Sales Engineers during the last year 

could help your company in many 
ways; cutting energy and operating costs; 
improving product quality; boosting pro- 
duction; creating better working conditions. 
And they’re badred 
by the R&D 

3 r 

'A R- 

of employees will be A further consultation pa- 
modernized. per will be issued on changes 

Stamp duty procedures will in the fire precautions 
be simplified to exempt many regulations, 
documents from the need for Interested parties will be 
stamping. consulted with a view to the 

ProcMurcs for calculating abolition or relaxation of a 
capital allowances on machin- number of licensing i 
erv and plant with short requirements, 
economic lives will be The requirement for billiard i 
simplified. halls to be licensed and allow. 

A new computerized system ing them to operate on Sun- , 
will be introduced to reduce days will be abolished. 

% “Electricity coul d M T 
put the brakes onyour production 
costs - so whats stopping you?” 

|~^biflLtridiy Publications, PO Box 2, Feltham, MkldlesexTW14(rrG. 

Cl Keasc send me moreinfomiatkm on 15E Service. Q Please arrange for an 1SE to contaa me. 


.f 1 j -53 




The oicrgy-cfficient switch. 

The Eicon a ty Council, En^and and Wales 


i'jVnyrvi mn i 2 2 

Beirut rocket duel claims 33 lives 

From Our Correspondent, Beirut 
Christian and Muslim mill- interruptedly throughout the 

tias fought heavy artillery and 
rocket fettles in and around 
Beirut yesterday in an escala- 
tion of violence which police 
said took at least 33 lives. 

More than 150 people were 
wounded during the shelling 
on both sides of the capital's 
dividing Green Line. Hospi- 
tals used radio appeals for 
urgent blood donations, offi- 
cials said. 

The fighting, the worst in 
months, shattered an uneasy 
two-week truce called to mark 

night, resdents said. 

Police said that all crossings 

between Beirut's two sectors 

were dosed to traffic because 
snipers were active on both 
sides of the three-mile demar- 
cation tine. 

Barbir hospital in Beirut, 

which was busy with scores of 
wounded from the Muslim 
sector of the capital, had to 
draw up emergency plans after 
taking seven direct hits daring 
early-morning shelling. But 
hospital sources said that 

the Mami e holy month of there were no casualties 
Ramadan. It also put an end among the patients. 

to hopes for Christian-spon- 
sored peace talks to end the 

The fighting broke out on 
Wednesday on the eve of a 
projected visit to west Beirut 

Lebanese civil war. projected visit to west Beirut 

Each side blamed the other of the newly elected Patriarch 
for the artillery atiarffs as of Lebanon's Chri s tian Maro- 

negotiators began frantic talks 
in search of a ceasefire. 

The Shia Muslim Amal 
militia accused Army units 
loyal to President Amin 

was forced to fire to eliminate 
attacking Muslim artillery. 

Fighting moved rapidly to 
the hills east of the capital, 
from where anti-Gemayel mi- 
litiamen shelled deep inside 
the Christian heartland. 

Most of the casualties were 
from Beirut's mainly Shia 
Muslim southern suburbs. 

Elites, Nasrallah Sfayr, who 
was yesterday scheduled to 
meet Mufti Sheikh Hassan 
KhaJed, spiritual head of the 
Sunni Muslim community. 

This highly symbolic move 
appeared to have been plan- 
ned to add weight to a 
Christian proposal to break 
the peace talks deadlock. 

The Christians recently an- 
nounced a “blueprint for 
peace” in response to a Syrian- 
sponsored plan supported by 
the Muslims. But the initia- 
tive was rejected by the Mus- 
lim militias, who accused the 
Christians of trying to impose 


& .*> 4 /' 

'V... :4.-^ 


where shells fell almost un- a plan inspired by Israel 

US bases 
on Mars 
‘by 2015’ 

From Mohsm Ali 

The Presidential National 
Commission on Space releas- 
ed a report yesterday which 
envisages humans living on 
the Moon by 2005 and on 
Mars by 2015. 

A year-long study, commis- 
sioned before the shuttle Chal- 
lenger explosion on January 
28. is entitled A fearing the 
Space Frontier and outlines 
proposals that seem to some 
to be more in the realm of 
wishful femasy than likely in 
the present turmoil in the 
American space programme. 

The civilian report calls on 
the United States to establish 
a step by step effort to create a 
“highway to space” and a 
“bndge between worlds” to 
open the inner solar system 
for scientific inquiry. 

The 21 1-page report, which, 
looks at the next 50 years in 
space, says the future will see 
growing numbers of people 
working at Earth orbital, lunar 
and eventually Martian bases, 
initiating the settlement of 
vast reaches of the inner solar 

A Shia Muslim grieving fin- six of her relatives killed in tire overnight Beirut 

The Dutch election 

rii* a*iI 

Zimbabwe holds 

Lubbers to move swiftly after triumph 

From Robert Schafi 

The Netherlands can look 
forward to the formation of a 
new Cabinet within weeks 
rather than months, as is 
usually the case in the com- 
plex world of Dutch coalition 
politics, after the convincing 
victory of the Prime Minister, 
Mr Ruud Lubbers, in Wed- 
nesday’s parliamentary 

Contrary to the Christian 
Democrat tradition of keeping 
open its ration whether to 
work with Labour or with the 
conservative Liberals, Mr 
Lubbers made clear from the 
outset that if a majority in foe 
Lower House could be main- 
tained with the Liberals, be 
would continue the present 
Centre-Right coalition. 

His party's leap — spectacu- 
lar by Dutch standards — from 

45 to 54 seats is against all the 
predictions, and is the voters' 
reward for Mr Lubbers’s polit- 
ical clarity. 

It will take several weeks of 
hard bargaining, however, be- 
fore a new Cabinet can be 
formed, as the personal tri- 
umph for Mr Lubbers, com- 
bined with heavy losses 
suffered by the Liberals, has 
weakened the latter’s prestige 
and influence. 

Leader who came in from the Left 

From Our Correspondent, Amsterdam 

It is ironic that Mr Ruud 
Lubbers entered politics at the 
invitation of Mr Joop dm Up, 
the Socialist le ader. 

In 1973, while stffi in his 
early thirties, Mr Lnbbers 
became Economics Minister 
in the centre-left coalition led 
by Mr den UyL He was 
considered a left-winger in 
what was then the Catholic 
People’s Party. 

Today, aged only 47 and at 
the pomade of his power, he 
has managed to banish, or at 
least to silence, any renaming 
left-wing elements hi his party. 

Mr Lnbbers has become the 
personification of what he 

hhncflff has styled as “no- 
nonsense” government, an at- 
titude that EEC circles say has 
endeared him to Mrs That- 

Like his Belgian colleague, 
Mr Wiifried Martens, Mr 
Lubbers set out with great 
determination to find a way out 
of the economic crisis through 
a harsh programme of public 
expenditure cuts. 

But instead of the French- 
style “special powers” that 
enable Mr Martens to rule 
vatnaliy by decree, Mr Lub- 
bers had to use Ms consider- 
able political agifity to gain 
parliamentary approval. 

His talents in this field have 
bees demonstrated time and 
again. He came up with a 
brilliant, if complex, solution 
to the controversial issue of 
the deployment of anise mis- 
siles os Dutch soft, which met 
with massive resistance in The 
Netherlands, both inside and 
outside Parliament. 

His answer, which left many 
people baffled and was in fact 
a way of saying "yes” to 
deployment without appearing 
to do so, earned Mr Lubbers 
an accolade for his "great 
political skills" from US Vice- 
President George Bash. 

Mr Lubbers is expected to 
adopt a fairly generous atti- 
tude towards his coalition: 
partners, though it is thought 
that the Liberals will lose ax 
least one seat in a Cabinet at 
present composed of eight 
Christian Democrats and six 

The Christian Democrats’ 
victory has come as a bitter , 
blow to Labour, despite its 
gain of five seats, and its 
leader, Mr Joop den Uyi, has 
at 66 seen his hopes dashed of 
becoming Prime Minister for 
a second time. 

Mr den Uyi is expected to 
step down as Opposition lead- 
er in a year or two and to band 
over to Mr Wim Kok, the 
former leader of the socialist 
Federation of Dutch Trade 
Unions. At 46 he belongs to 
the generation as Mr 


Party 1986 1982 

■ Seats Seats 

■ - (% vote) (%vote) 

Labour 52(33.3) 47(304) 

Christian Dem. 54(34:8) 45(29.3 
liberals 27 074) 38(23.1 
Democrats ’66 9(fiJ . 6(43 

Small left-wing — 3 <23 — 9(04 
Sma8 right-wing 5(37) 7 fell 

The Co mm on w ealth is fac- 
ing one of the most critical 

ca against Botswana, Zambia 
and Zimbabwe. Seme coun- 
tries could leave the organiza- 
tion unless Britain fanposea 
sanctions against South Afri- 

A p r o mi nent African High 
Comutissioaer MM a-dosed 
mrrtlnr of the C an imo o- 
wealth’s Southern - Africa 
Committee iu London, that fee 
recent raids bad made «Bar 
taguewitfc fee Comuwuwew l fe 
Eminent Persons Group a 
«tmm, and said the Common- 
wealth would be devoid of 
meaning if It foiled to take 
tough action. . 

“Is there any Common- 
wealth nation which can now 
say uo to sanctions,, because It 
would spofl fee chance of 
dialogue?” be said, looking at 
the British representative. 

Sir Sunny Raaspbal, the 
Secretary-General, arid fee 
raids were a calculated Mow at 
the Commonwealth's media- 
tion effort and sanctions were 
now fee only way to promote 

The Eminent Persons 
Group is to gather in London 
on June 3 to complete Ns 
report Members have been 
tr yi ng to get agreement on a. 
package which calls for a 
suspension of violence while 
talks take place. 

1 11,1 i 

lalr w ■■ I i i d" ■ i » % * wfc w'aJ 


r>tn tin li-.'j-ji rT<ii 4 iij k- v vn v 

it wemm m 

Solomons typhoon 
kills 71 islanders 

SDI wins 

Honiara (AP) — Rescue 
workers polled 65 bodies from 
mud and debris in the Solo- 
mon Islands yesterday, bring' 
fng the death toll from 
Typhoon Namu to 71. 

The National Disaster 
Council in Honiara said fee 
storm, which strode on Mon- 
day, leaving 20,000 to 90,000 
people homeless, was the most 
severe to hit the islands. ■ 
Mr John Sdwyn, a council 

W. ^ - 

vj'h-- WtrrX f 

spokesman, said 71 people 
were dead and fee death toO 
would rise: “We think hun- 
dreds died, but we still don't 
know how many,” Mr Sdwya 
said. “Many areas are remote 
and reports are stiU crating 
in.” . . 

On Wednesday fee death 
toQ was six people and dozens 
were missing. 

He said relief woken were 
receiving many offers of help 
from abroad. The United 
Stales, Britain and Japan have 
asked what specific help is 
needed, Mr Sefrvyn said.' Aus- 
tralia and NewZeriand, have 
already- airlifted, emergency 

Early ' yesterday' reftue 
teams dig 43 bodiesoatcfthe 
Guadalcanal Flams, one of the 
worst-affected areas. Workers 
later in the day uncovered 
another 22 bodies. . 





Fresh strike wave 
hits Scandinavia 

Pro-Contra rancher sues journalists 

From Tony Sanwtag, Oslo 



The rate of Interest charged for loans on private dwellings 
for owner>occupnion,vvhaiiever the size of the loanjsaow. 
Repayment! 1% -Typical APR 11.7% 
Endowment lf% -Typical APR 11.6% 


1. The rates of interest charged on esdstkqr loans wffl be 
reduced from 1st June 1986. 

2. Borrowers will be advised of the effects of the above 
change m due course. 

Rdi written details of the Society’s mortga g e facilities are 
available from your local branch or the address below. 


With effect from 1st June J 986 the following races of interest 
wtff apply to investment accounts both new and exisw^ 

Net Rate 




£500 up to £1.999 
£2j000 up to £4,999 
£5^00 up to £9,999 
£10000 plus 











Up to £2.499 
£2^00 up to £9,999 
£10000 up to £24, 999 
£25^00 plus 
















sevenday (4Bdakw 

ACCOUNTS nwesoan) 



After some weeks of relative 
calm, industrial unrest re- 
sumed in Scandinavia yester- 
day with public-sector strikes 
in Sweden and Norway. 

No sooner had a seven- 
week strike in Finland, affect- 
ing hundreds of thousands of 
workers, ended at the weekend 
than 10,000 Swedish health- 
service workers, including 
2.500 doctors, went on strike. 
They say they are prepared to 
stay out indefinitely. 

A strike threat last night by 
230.000 metalworkers fore- 
shadowed a total breakdown 
in Sweden's collective bar- 
gaining system, which could 
afreet as many as 1.6 million 
workers in the public sector. 

in Norway, about 4,000 
teachers and college lecturers 
stayed at home, forcing scores 
of schools to close daring their 
final examination period. 

Another 500,000 public em- 
ployees' have accepted tire 
Labour Government’s offer of 
an 8.3 per cent pay rise, 
however, averting another in- 
dustrial crisis on fee scale of 
last month's series of strikes 
and lock-outs which at one 
stage dosed down the Norwe- 
gian North Sea oil and gas 
industry. This in turn contrib- 
uted to the foil of the Conser- 
vative coalition Government 
In Sweden, the two largest 

private-sector unions accepted 
modest two-year pay deals 
early last month. But wage 
negotiations wife fee public 
sector unions collapsed last 
week, and talks wife the 
metalworkers were aban- 
doned on Tuesday. 

For Norway, yesterday’s de- 
velopments were the first 
stroke of bad luck for fee new 
administration led by Mrs 
Gro Harlem Brundtiand, who 
took over after the resignation 
of Mr Kaare Willoch over a 
parliamentary budget vote. 

Mr Willoch’s downfall was 
attributed to foiling oil prices { 
which bad necessitated a se- 
ries. of unpopular austerity 
measures intended to restore 
dwindling state revenues. No 
sooner had Mrs Brundtiand 
taken office, however, than 
prices began to rise. 

• BRUSSELS: Public trans- 
port, schools, postal services 
and many large companies 
were virtually paralysed yes- 
terday as a strike by Belgian 
civil servants against spending 
cuts spread into the private 
sector (Reuter reports). 

Commuter traffic clogged 
roads into Brussels for the 
second day of the strike, the 
third official stoppage in 17 
days. Trains were at a stand- 
still in many parts of the 

A bomb attack on a Nicara- 
guan rebel leader, which killed 
three journalists and injured 
i 18 others two years ago, is at 
the centre of a libel suit against 
two American journalists. 

The case has been brought 
by an American rancher who, 
the journalists allege, was part 
of a CIA-run terrorist ring feat 
planned and executed the 

A freelance journalist, Tony 
Avirgan, was among those 
injured when the bomb ex- 
ploded at a news conference in 
a Contra camp just ™jde 
Nicaragua. The man fee bomb 
was intended to eliminate, fee 
Contra leader Commander 
Eden Pastora, escaped wife fog 
and chest wounds. 

US threat to 
‘will remain’ 

Managua (Reuter) - The 
Foreign Minister of Nicara- 
gua, Sefior Miguel cTEscoto, 
said yesterday feat his country 
would continue to face the 
threat of US intervention' 
regardless of whether or not it 
signed a Central American 
peace pact 

Proposals by the four-na- 
tion Contadora group would 
not end bloodshed in Nicara- 
gua. be said, because, its 

f uarrel was- with the United 
tales, not with neighbours. 

From Alan TomBnson, San Josfe 

Mr Avirean and his journal- 
ist wife. Martha Honey,, who. 
writes for The Times, con- 
ducted a long investigation. 
Their 84-page report conclud- 
ed feat the evidence pointed 
to a CIA role in the outrage. 

The CIA works closely -wife 
Nicaraguan Contra groups 
funded by the United States. 
Rival groups were fending 
with Commander; Pastora at 
the time of the bombing over 
his objections to an American 
plan to unite various rebel 

The report also implicated 
an - American rancher, whose 
form near the: .Costa Rican 
border is used by the Contras 
to launch attacks into Nicara- 

gua. He is seeking $750,000 
(£480,000) libel damages from 
fee two journalists. 

Under Gotta Rican Jaw, the 
burden of proof rests entirely 
rathe defendantsto show that 
their allegations are not 'only 
true but were made, without 
malice. • 

According to fee journalists, 
they and half of those who 
agreed to testify have received 
death threats. .- 

Ozre of feeir main sonreesof 
information fled fee country 
after another key witness was 
allegedly murdered. Three 
days before (he trial was due to 
open yesterday^ another infor- 
maWdisappearedafter leav- 
ing the journalists’ home: 

' Washington (NY T) — The 
CIA - js o onud e riug action 
against The Washington Past 
for an article it pubfrfeed 
about a dassified krteffigeoce- ! 
gathering operation involving 
American sidmurines, tile 
White House said - 

life sentence 

Jerusalem (Reuter); An; 


i cw3 




tended . a West Bank ftdesfet* 
ian to life imprisonment for. 
heading p gne rn Da cell which 
killed five Israelis aad wound- 
ed 16 people in eight attacks. • 

Marathon men 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Two 
handicapped Britons on ft ; 
2,400-rmle wheelchair trek’ 
across Europe are setting off 
fin* Hungary after a four-day 
stay in Yugoslavia. Tist-Mv- 
shall, aged 39, and BfflLevkk,‘ 
aged 0, began fee journey $ 
Istanbul last mouth to boost- 
Binningham's bid to host IIS' 
1992 Olympic Games. - ; 

Riots’ ploy 

- Madrid — The Spanish Air- 
line Pilots’ Union cancelled its i 
plans for a strike against 
Iberia, but announced a five- 
day strike against Iberia’s 
subsidiary, Asoaco, to begin 
next Thursday. 

'New York (AP>»- Mr Said , ^ 

Rftjaie-Khorassani, IranVUN 
representative, . who *a 4 
caught allegedly Stealing* * 

Husain seeks Arab solidari 

From Robert Fisk, Amman 


Interest rates for Corporate Investments, Special Deposit 
Accounts. Pension Plans and Additional Voluntary 
Contributions available on request. 

Interest rates on all other accounts are reduced by 075% 
with die exception of Housing Bonds and SAYE accounts 
which remain unchanged. 

* Where Income Tax is paid at a basic rate of 29%. 


ABBEY national building society, 

Three months after King 
Husain formally broke off 
negotiations with the Palestine 
Liberation Organization over 
the future of the Israefi- 
occupied West Bank Mr 
Yassin* Arafat's influence has 
become a spent force in Jor- 
dan, his offices in Amman 
watched by plaindotiied secu- 
rity police, his telephones 
tapped, his senior officials no 
longer meeting with the King. 

. But despite IsraeTs original 
delight «t the break in rela- 
tions between Mr Arafat and 
the King, the Jordanians have 
not disposed with the PLO. 

Mr Abu Jihad, deputy com- 
mander of ail PLO forces and 
a member of the Fatah guerril- 
la movement's central commit- 
tee. still lives in Amman and 
maintains contact ' with the 
Jordanian Prime Minister. 

Indeed, when the King met 
President Assad of Syria this 
mouth, they agreed that pro- 
ami anzf-Arafot PLO forces 

should be unified, not least 
because the Syrians want Pal- 
estinian guerrillas to move 
back into Lebanon in greater 
numbers, there to create a 
political balance against the 
growing power of the mm 
extreme Shia Muslim Leba- 
nese mflitias. 

Both Arab leaders now 
evince considerable personal 
antipathy towards Mr Arafiti 
— President Assad more than 
the King — but on the West 
Bank itself Mr Arafat's popu- 
larity seems in some cases to 
have increased as a result of 
King Husain's now famous 
February speech, in which he 
broke off co-ordination mh 
wife the PLO leadership “un- 
til such time as their word 
becomes their bond”. 

Furthermore, the breaking- 
off of Jordanian-PLO talks 
has been followed by a safes 
iff unsettling events which 
Jordanians have sometimes 
linked to fee rupture wife Mr 

M . 

s»- a 


■■■■* . > 

1- ' ' ^ 

Man in the middle: Mr Yassir 
President Assad of Syria, left, s 

Arafat, however coincidental 
they may be. J 

Violence at a Jordanian- c 
Palestinian football match, in s 
which a Palestinian was t 
killed, small street demonstn- i 
dons in Amman by members i 
of the Communist Party aad 2 
the Popular Front for the | 
Liberation of Palestine to 
protest at the American bomb- s 
ingoT Libya, and fee rarest at s 
Irirfd U ni ve r s it y last week c 
hare provoked a sense of 

p nHriral impact, • 

i ^ 

NfccfAFPj.— A29-WOW 

said. The. woman bad... 
a police station where fee Jwa 
reported ibe theft of a suitcase 
when she was attacked. 

Sydney (Reuter) — . Air : W 

Sikh terrorists kill 11 
in hail of bullets 

ab bazaar 

Trit fiMcS FklDA\ iWAY z,> t >oo 




of Chin 

Eewn“ people attending s 
jnatfet have been kfflS^id 
injured seriously in 

' ^ °y Sikh terronsts in the 

k lUr b u knl stale of Punjab. 

„ The- mdiscrhninate «ik™»«. 

■<\ 2^SSL ID J i,c **** bazaar 

™ Krishna Nagar, a lareriv 
:< j r \ Hindu densely populatedarea 
near the Sikhs’ holy city of 

According to the local po- 
lice chief, six terrorists with 
sutHnacnino-guns and 45 re- 
volvers arrived in the area 
calmly, split into groups of 
two, and started shooting at 
® g rou ps or 

With the dead and dying 
lying around them, they re- 
youped in the next street and 
drove off m a Jeep. . 

Pandemonium broke out, 
and gangs of Hindu activists 
began to take the law into their 
own hands. They set two Sikh 
shops on fire and stoned Sikh 

Eight of the eleven who died 

in the shooting were Hindus 
and three Sikhs. They includ- 
ed a barber and two green- 

One report yesterday sug- 
gested that the terrorists in 
Krishna Nagar may have been 
acting to divert police from a 
series-' of successful raids on 
terrorist hideouts in the 
Ffrpzpur district. ' 

Rmn AfiduuK Hamlyn, Delhi 

The Ffrupur police- chief 
yesterday said that his men ' 
***" arrested six hardcore ier- ■ 
rorists and seized several pis- 
tols, 12-bore shotguns, 
ammunnion and grenades in ■ 
two separate confrontations. 

Later yesterday Mr Sudit 
Sj^ BaraOa, the Punjab 
Minister, few to Aunt* 
gar from Delhi, where be had 
been cleaning the shoes of the 
Sikh faithful at a Sikh temple 
as a pe nance imposed on - him 
for ordering the police to dear 
extremists from die* Golden 
Temple in Amritsar. 

He visited the bazaar at . 
Krishna Nagar and heard of 
the massacre at first b»nd. 
accompanied by Mr J. F. 
Rpbeiro, the new police chief ' 
of the siate. 

He announced ex g ratia 
of 20.000 rupees 
(£1,100) to the familie s of the 
dead, and further help to the 
injured, and suggested that the 
killers had been planning to 
terrorize the people of the 
stete, to spark “an exodus of 
the minority community from 
urban areas". 

He said that they were 
hying to drive the Hindus out 
of the towns and to rnntimw* 
the migration of families from 
the rural areas. 

They were, he thought, frus- 
trated and desperate after be 
had evicted them from the 
Golden Temple complex. 

Mr Bhajan Lai, Chief Min- 
ister of neighbouring Hhtdn- 
• dominated -Haryana, exp- 
ressed his concern yesterday 
about the migration of same 
200 Hindu famili es from Pun- 
jab to his state 

He said that both Ins Gov- 
ernment and that of Punjab 
were-Urymg to persuade these 
families to return to their 
homes, but that they were 
terrified and shaken. 

Mr Suij it Singh BarnaJa was 
asked whether he was plan- 
ning to deploy the Army in the 
most troubled districts of his 
state, Amritsar and the neigh- 
bouring^ Gundaspur and kt- 
ozpur. He has been urged to 
. do so by Punjab legislators of 
die Prime Ministers Congress 
CO Party, but said that he had 
not yet taken any decision. 

“There are many comptica- 
tions in the deployment of the 
army, 1 * he said mildly. The 
bulk Of die Hindu migration is 
from there three districts. 

Last night tension was still 
high in die Krishna Nagar 
township, where Hindu vigi- 
lantes were patroQing around 
the bloodstained shops and 
streets filtered with broken 
bricks and stones. 

Tight police and paramili- 
tary security in the area has 
the town virtually cordoned 
off to prevent any further 

Cuts in US foreign aid will 
stun Third World nations 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The US is slashing aid to the rope, the only foreign aid no longer appropriated in a 

programme to capture Am- ~' u “ T * 

Third World, with devastating 
cuts certain to fall in particular 
on Africa. An era of humani- 
tarian assistance abroad, a 
cornerstone of American for- 
eign policy since the Second 
World War, is quietly ending. 

The c Sects will be fait in 
more than 70 countries at 
present helped by the Agency 
for International Develop- 
ment, an arm of the Stale 
Department which promotes 
everything from contracep- 
tion in Guatemala to well- 
digging in Togo. 

Egypt and Israel, which 
currently take about 40 per 
cent of an American foreign 
aid, alone are immune from 
stringent cutbacks. The rest of 
America's beneficiaries will 
pick up the dwindling rem- 
nants, in many cases suddenly 
leaving impoverished coun- 
tries with half of their hoped- 
for allocation. 

Foreign aid has been unpop- 
ular in America since it was 
begun in earnest 40 years ago. 
The Marshall Plan for the 
reconstruction of post-war Eu- 

erica’s heart and imagination, 
took 11 percent of the Federal 

Bui today economic aid - 
as opposed to the much larger 
programmes of military assis- 
tance — comprises less than 1 
per cent of the budget 

American diplomatic posts 
will be closed in some coun- 
tries. The Peace Corps and the 
Food for Peace programmes 
seem certain to face cutbacks. 

Judging by past opinion 
polls, die American public win 
be delighted. There is a clear 
national misconception that 
foreign aid constitutes a signif- 
icant drain on Federal funds. 

Representative David 
Obey, a Democrat from Wis- 
consin and chairman of the 
House appropriations sub- 
committee for foreign opera- 
tions, said bluntly that in the 
present atmosphere he would 
not be able to pass a foreign 
aid Bill on the House floor, no 
matter what shape it was in. 

Foreign aid is so low in the 
priorities these days that it is 

separate Bill of its own. *Tl is 
shoved into the appropria- 
tions process in the dark of the 
night at the end of the year,” a 
senior aide on the Senate 
foreign relations committee 
told The Times. “These days, . 
if you are not Egypt or Israel 
you can’t expea {oo much 

from Washington.” 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of Stale, is battling to - 
save foreign aid from the 
worst of the economic rav- 
ages. He says angrily that only . 
2 per cent of the Federal, 
budget goes to activities di- 
rectly supporting American 
foreign policy. . . 

Since the Eisenhower Ad- 
ministration there has been an 
uncomfortable alliance be- 
tween hawks anxious to 
political influence by 
mg military aid abra 
doves, who preferred the 
gentler persuasion of humani- 
tarian assistance. 

But that alliance has col- 
lapsed under the strain of the 
budget cutting that is being fait 
by every needy American. 

West meets East 
in charity chain 

From Michael Bfnyon, Washington 

Iranian chain, elephants will offer tr unks to 

Jeremiah Moore, a schoolboy injured when two kidnappers 
took ISO stndents hostage last week at a j unio r school in 
CokerfHe, Wyoming, returning to dass yesterday. The kid- 
nappers died and several children were hurt in the jnrwfent. 

Eight die in 
attacks by 

Colombo (Reuter,- AP) — 
Eight civilians, were killed 
yesterday in firing by air force 
helicopters supporting troops 
trying to regain, strategic 

Cl \ mavstt 

I ife sent® 


pilots’ P' C L 

points in northern Sri i-anlm 

Jafiha residents raid that 
the helicopters were provi 
cover to soldiers under a 
by Tamil separatists near 
Point Pedro, east of the dty. 
Defence officials were im*hu» 
to confirm the deaths. 

The residents, contacted fry 
telephone, said that the pin- 
ships fired on suspected rebel 
hideouts near Jaffna Fort, 
where the Army has been 
surrounded in its six-day (jf- 
Tamil separatists. ; . . " T ~ 

The" Army says that fae. 
official death toll m the opera- 
tion io regain control of the 
peninsula is about 40,indnd-‘ 
ing more than 25 Tamil rebels, 
five soldiers and nine civil- 
ians. Unofficial estimates and 
Tamil sources, however, say 
that more than 70 have died. 

In Colombo, tire Army 
pulled out of the Save Island 
district, where six people died 
during rioting and shooting by 
troops on Tuesday night. 

An Army source, denying 
that the rioting was related to 
ethnic and religious violence, 
said it started after a corporal 
was fatally slabbed. 

• Work stoppage: Shops were 
dosed and people stayed off 
the streets in Jafiha yesterday 
as the city observed a hartal 
(cessation of all work) in 
memory of a Communist MP 
(Vijitha Yapa writes). 

Mr Saratn Muttetuwegama, 
the only Communist , Party 
(Moscow wing) MP in Sn 
Lanka's Partiamem, died on 
Sunday in a car crash. . 

Fallout alert system agreed 


yesterday that notification of 
nuclear accidents in which 
fallout was fikdy to am 
international borders should 
be obligatory. 

Part of the Soviet Union's 
delay in informing the agency 
of events at Chernobyl w be- 
lieved to have been and by 
the fact thatno member of the 
agency is under any obligation 
to inform its headquarters hr 
the event of accidents. . • . . 

■ The ageneyfa omfibOHy- as 
an efficient observer s 
anctear mstiBaftw* 
Imff.heeresoinew hrt jdmimBh- 
ed in the walce of the Cherno- 
byl disaster. For the first few 
djqvnfiter tto: disaster, agency 
spo kesmen could ed^ hdp- 
lessly repeat press reports; it 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

was some time before an agen- 
cy statement could be issued. 

The governors have agreed 
that; to avoid a repeat of this 
embarrassing shratioo, gov- 
ernment groups of experts 
shoald draft international ag- 
reements to Mad signatories to 
“early notification and com- 
prebcarivemfennatraa” abort 
any nuclear accident with 
cross-border effects. 

The governors said they 
wonid convene a review meet- 
ing within three months to give 
as MI as analysis 
of toe events and after-effects 
of ChemofryL 

They also arged that in any 
fane unclear accident aD 
should be taken to co- 
respoase sad assist- 
ances Additional measmes 
would he implemented to im- 
prove cooperation on onriear 

safety and a conference will be 
convened soon to examine the 
foil range of safety measures 
available to nuclear installa- 

Dr Hans Bfix, the agency's 
secretary general, said uadear 
power was here to stay and 
that there was no question of 
its not continuing to develop as 
a reliable source erf energy. 
The measures suggested by 
the board should eusme that a 
“second Chernobyl” was 

There was scepticism, how- 
ever, by several observers of 
the agency's activities that the 
governors* .meeting had pro- 
duced too K**fa Ido late. Board 
mem ber s confirmed that even 
before yesterday's a g re e ment 
membe rs had been ur ged to 
provide prompt notification of 
uadear accidents. 

Israel claims evidence 
enough on Waldheim 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

farad now has enough evi- 
dence to put Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim on trial for being an 
accessory to war crimes, the 
Israeli Justice Minister, Mr 
Yitzhak Modai, said here 

New documentary evidence 
and testimony now coming 
forward from witnesses 
showed that the former UN 
SecietaiyGeiieral was person- 
ally involved in criminal acts, 

The Israeli Jnstice Depart- 
ment, on orders from Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Prime Min- 
ister^ has earned out a legal 
inquiry into evidence about 
the wartime activities of Dr 
Waldheim, who faces a second 

round br ibe Austrian 
dential election on June 

• VIENNA: The threats that 
Dr Waldheim may face trial if 
he sets foot oo Israeli soil were 
d ismiss e d here by a senior 
spokesman for the presiden- 
tial . candidate (Richard Bas- 
sett writes). 

'There is no evidence that 
Dr Waldheim «*n be linked to 
either civilian reprisals or 
crimes against Jews,” he said. 

American prosecutor at the 
Nuremberg war crimes trials 
has said mat Dr Waldheim 
would not have been tried on 
the strength of recent allega- 
tions against '- him (Renter 

The Colombian election 

Liberals expect an easy win 

t - * T • 

From Geoffrey Matthews 




ci ffwd ttmwi a. Sturm of c ontra - 
versy over alleged modeling^ 
fog, no bets were being placed 
. . rj’ on the result of Sunday’s 

r- .« presidential election in.GoIora- 

- ; but, since all the nM fic a tiww 

point to a creeping victory for 
-"'■j./. the lib eral Party candidate.^ 

- r i An o pinio n poll published in 

the respected weekly magazine 
ukft M forecasts that tire 
: hilU V liberate’ standard-bearer, Se- 

i^ L - . ' i' fair VbgilwBarco Vargas, wffl 

' win 58 par cent of the vote, and 

the Conservative Piaitrt can- 
didate, Seflor Alvaro Gtoa 
Hurtado, 38 per cent, giving 
tire former a margin of more 
titan a rafliinw votes. 

Despite Senate's liberal 
affiKari *wt«, its poD findfags 
r- are accepted by most indepen- 

dent observe**, although some 
i thought its prediction of tnm- 
i-riV. dot - eight mOtion voters, or 
*V about 57 per cent of the 

electorate — *ra on the high 


. Bet certainly Sefair Barca, a 
f technocrat, has recently ■«- 
■opted.the stat esmanlik e pose 
y^ of President-eJect retina- than 

- • that of presidential aspirant^ 

/. . whifo there has been an in- 

- ertashra air of desperation 

' , about ^enor Gdmer’s cam- 

paign. ' 

That despaslion was shown 

; .i B«nWe by the 
«)ilf V Cemen&ns fa * te fevqmn 
‘iritniunre two horns before 
^ ofBdaDj ended 

* a^iakht^on Monday- 

-In the. tenpirett Stfw 
■ %- to oecapy the 

^ fTrilrnflil jiafarr was chai- 


1 fttj. 

Senra’ Barco: already acting 
like a Fiesdent-decL - . 

because of an alleged 
of interest over a long- 
pending fawsnR again® the 

^te petroknn. company, 
Ecopetrol, brought by mem- 
bejsof hisfamfly. - 
They are danmng royalties 

sop|H«»dly iimrt roto a^ 

Mcion artnd.fa oil eaqdo- 
ntfau fa nortfroart Colombia 
oanted to tire Uberal caft- 
Sdate’s grandfather at the 
jjggjnaing of the ceutary. 

jhrt contract made tire. 
n.»fp! among the rfchert fim- 
{Qes to the natieo. The Issue 
l^ail been fart fated by a 

frtoge candidate, "Regina IT, 
described variomly as a sooth- 
sayer, asfndoger and witch. 

But neither Seder Bared rare 
Us wife is a litigant in tire suit, 
and tire Attorney General to 
theGovcnrarent of the Conser- 
vative President Befirario 
Betsncar had already ruled 
tint he could find no bans for 
the conffict-ef-faterest chums. 

While as a doS and stolid 
campaigner Setior Barco has 
.failed^shigidariy . to gener at e 
uraefa fire as frert-fumier. Us 
personal to te g r fry has rarely 
been questioned. 

The likelihood b that Setter 
Gtoert dafare will boomer- 
w aniMhi g the Lib- 
charges that, be is an 
extreme right-winger who 
imdd revive the sectazhuim 
which fed to dvfl war between 
Liberals «nd Conservatives In 
the 1550s, wben his father was 
Pwdfat ■ 

It is fear of Sefrar GfcoezV 
Liberal unionat thfa election 
and .tins vfetnaliy gnarantced 
victory for CMoabin's tradi- 
tional majwity party. 

Yet evHi so it is fire “Hum- 
phrey Bogart of CofeobSaa 
pofitfes”, as Setter Gfaaex is 
often exited - because of Us 
strong facial resemblance to 
the fifai actin’ and his 
guy image — who has gi 
star performance ou the stump 
fa this election. 

Brilliant lucid and witty, he 
is making hfa brt hurrah — be 
was beaten roundly fa hfa 
previonx presidential bid ia 
1974' ~ and is going out, 
tactical errors aside, with 
great style. 

Doom year 
warning to 

From Richard Wigg ' 

The world's large cities were 
told here yesterday they must 
each set up immediately 
“Year 2000” task force orfi 
catastrophe by the end of the 
century in the coming urban 
population explosion. 

This was the advice emerg- 
ing from a four-day confer- 
ence on urbanization org- 
anized by the United Nations 

Javier the 

Secretary General. 

It was attended by mayors 
from 48 huge cities, chiefly 
from developing but also in- 
dustrialized nations, as weO as 
government institutions. 

The main thrust of the 
conference was that big cities 
must -play an increased role 
and be given greater facilities. 

By the year 2010 more than 
SO per cent of the world’s 
population will be living in 
urban areas, experts of the UN 
Fund for Population Activi- 
ties told the mayors. 

By 2000 there wfll be 22 
“megarities", defined as hav- 
ing 10 million or more inhab- 
itants, 18 of them in the 
developing countries, com- 
pared with only three such 
cities — London, New York 
and Shanghai - in 1950. 

“World urban population 
has doubted since 1950 and 
may well double again before 
the end of the century,” said 
Mr Rafael Salas, Executive 
Director of the Fund. 

Experts cautioned against a 
comfortable view that mil- 
lions flocking from rural areas 
of the Third world to explod- 
ing urban conglomerations 
necessarily implied modern- 
ization and progress. 

China bids 
for more 
space work 

From A Correspondent 

In the wake of recent US 
rocket launch disasters, China 
is seeking new markets, 
among them Britain, for its 
satellite launching services. 

Officials in Peking have 
announced the signing of a 
letter of intent with the Hous- 
ton-based Teresat Inc. to 
launch two satellites aboard 
China’s Long March 3 rocket 
beginning next year. 

China baa also initialled an 
agreement with Sweden to 
launch a Mailstar satellite. 

This week's Peking Review 
claims that other satellite 
launch deals are being negoti- 
ated with Britain, Italy, Paki- 
stan. Thailand. Brazil. 
Australia, Argentina and 

• Launch blast: China re- 
vealed yesterday that one of 
its early rocket launches in 
1974 ended in disaster. 


stretching from the Pacific to 
the Atlantic; is due to link 
hands on Sunday for a 15- 
minnte spectacular which 
ankers hope wifi raise 

mil lin n for hiyny»fe«$ and hun- 
gry Americans. 

Hands Across America will 
need at least six million people 
to line the 4,152-mile route, 
which stakes across 16 states, 
two deserts, 10 rivers. and two 
mountain ranges* The partici- 
pants hope to link Long 
Beach, California, with New 
York City. 

There win be some 
dictated by geography 
weather. In arid areas of Ari- 
zona, Texas, California and 
New Mexico doctors have 
warned against tbe dangers of 
standing in the 100 degrees F. 
desert heat. 

The chain, the biggest fhnd- 
raisrag event in memory, will 
include stunts and gimmicks to 
attract the tele vision cameras. 
Dwarfs will join hands with 
tall people in Los Angeles, 

New Yorkers, Hollywood 
stars will be there, Indians will 
paw-wow in New Mexico, and 
a seal will take part in Ohio. 

The logistics are formid- 
able. Some 3,000 marshals 
will direct people to their 
allotted spots. 

So far only about 2.7 million 
people have pledged to take 
part, but many more may join 
at the last hibih>». 

The organizer is USA for 
Africa, which last year raised 
$44 mniioa for African famine 
relief. By charging each per- 
son taking part between $10 
and $35 the organization 

hopes to raise $50 mfifioo 
EVemden Reagan, however, 
is not entirely convinced of the 
need for the chain. He told 
school pupils on Wednesday 
that he dhl not believe that 
anyone fa America was _ 
h angry “amply by reason 
denial” by the Government 
Those who were hungry mere- 
ly did not know how or where 
to get help, he said. 

Woman scales Everest 

Peking (Reuter) — A Cana- 
dian woman. Sharon Wood, 
conquered Mount Everest last 
Tuesday, tbe first non-Chi- 
nese woman to . scale the 
world’s highest mountain via 
the western ridge from China, 
according to reports reaching 
tbe Chinese Mountaineering 

Tbe New China News Agen- 
cy quoted the reports as saying 
that Wood, who turned 29 on 
Friday, and her companion, 
Dwayne Congdon, aged 29, 
reached tbe 29,028ft summit 
on Tuesday evening. Both are 
members of an 18-strong Ca- 
nadian expedition that began 
the climb on March 16. 

Saudi arms 
vote delay 
by Senate 

From Michael Binyoo 

Tbe Senate has delayed a 
vote on President Reagan's 
veto of hs ban of an arms sale - 
to Saudi Arabia, giving the 
Democrats more time to mus- 
ter their opposition to the 
controversial deal. 

The Republicans had hoped 
for an immediate vote after 
Mr Reagan cast his veto so 
that those senators the White . 
House had lobbied to drop 
their opposition would noti: 
have time to renege. 

The Democrats, however,' 
threatened a filibuster and so, 
forced the Senate to delay the 
vote until after tbe Memorial: 
Day recess on Monday. 

The Administration needs,: 
only 12 senators to change; 
their votes to make the preskl 
dential veto argues- 
that the weapons sale is essen- 
tial if the US is to retain any . 
Middle East credibility 
• Shnltz petitioned: Mr Ezer- 
Weizman, the Israeli Minister; 
without portfolio, has ap- 
pealed personally to Mr 
Gcorge Shuhz, the US Secre- 
tary of State, to resume an 
active role in the peace 

The State Department has 
indicated, however, that Mr 
Shultz has been frustrated fry 
tbe lack of progress and is 
reluctant to return to Israel 
and Egypt without assurances 
that some real advance is 

US envoy in 
Spain to 
quit service 

Madrid The American 
Ambassador in Spain, Mr 
Thomas Enders, win leave the 
diplomatic service “some 
time this summer” to join a 
private investment firm in 
New York, the US Embassy 
confirmed here yesterday 
(Harry Debdius writes). 

Tbe timing of his departure 
casts doubt on whether Mr 
Enders wifi head' the Ameri- 
can side at talks on the 
reduction of the American 
military presence in Spain, 
requested by Madrid. 

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!-. if 

daze of 
our lives 

Twenty years ago this summer, with flowers 
in their hair and hope in their hearts, the 
hippy generation tuned in, turned on and 

dropped out. They may have been naive 
but, as Isabelle Anscombe discovered, some 
of their ideals have grown old gracefully 

Ten years ago, the punks declared 
an end to the laid-back optimism of 
the Sixties, mphing it an insult to 
call anyone an 'old hippie'. In the 
Ynppie Ei g htie s, hippies are re- 
viled as drag-addicts and DHSS 
scroungers, associated less frith 
love and peace than with dirty, red- 
eyed addicts begging in the streets 
of Goa. But recently there have 
been signs that the hippie era — 
which ended with the be ginning of 
the oil crisis in 1973 - is being 
reviewed, if not y et revived. 

In 1966, the first middle-class 
kids dropped out (rf the Swinging 
Sixties and into the far-out sub- 
culture of flower power, free love, 
and drags. Those middle-class kids 
- now approaching 40 - have 

mostly cut their hair and now 
watch, on TV, the few diehard 
survivors keep their summer ren- 
dezvous with the Wiltshire police at 

Some, who established viable 
businesses catering to the needs of 
the Alternative Society, have sold 
out to capitalism. For others, as the 
Vietnam War went relentlessly on, 
the hippie experiment came to an 
end m bad trips, basts and the “fear 
and loathing” of the Oz trial, 
Grosvenor Square and Watergate. 

For many, though, it was an 
important experience, an era of 
ideals that live on in anti-racism, 
gay liberation, feminism, ecology, 
vegetarianism and alternative 

Present in the past: Paul Reeves today, in his London antiques shop 
and, inset, when he was a flower power pillar of the rag trade 

Released to the law: Desmond Banks spent the Sixties advising the 
victims of dine arrests. Now be has his own practice as a solicitor 


.an! Reeves, who now has 
'an antiques shop in Ken- 
sington Church Street, was 
17 when he spent the 
summer of 1966 in California. 
When he returned home, his 
mother almost fainted at his his 
long hair, stars-and-stripes top hat, 
granny glasses and rows of beads. 

He and a friend made satin shirts 
and crushed-velvet trousers, selling 
them to shops such as the Chelsea 
Antique Market, Dandy Fashions, 

Granny Takes A Trip, Hung On 
You and Kleptomania. He was the 
first in London to sell kalians. 
After the success of his first two 
design companies, Sam Pig In Love 
and Alkasura (the name of King 
Arthur's favourite unicorn), he 
went on to open his own shop, 
Universal Witness, in 1970. 

“We made quite a lot of money, 
but never saw the business poten- 
tial at all — it was just good fun. 
The important thing was never to 

work at anything you didn't enjoy; 
the worst insult anyone could 
throw at you was that you were a 
‘bread-head’ — in it for the money. 
It was a great age for the amateur 
and, with rents so low, anyone 
could open a shop. London was 
very village-tike then; if you went 
to Chelsea Antique Market you'd 
bump into Jimi Hendrix or Eric 
Clapton and start chatting - 

“1 fed very sorry for kids now, 
who don't have that freedom". 

W endy Mandy is now an 
acupuncturist. In 
1967. when she was 
16, she came to Lon- 
don “from the countryside — the 
classic stuff. Army family and 
everything. I became a hippie after 
listening to the Incredible String 
Band and smoking my first joint!” 
She joined Richard Branson’s 
budding Virgin organization and 
worked on Student magazine. She 
also ran Help, one of the first 
telephone help lines. 

“For me the Sixties meant 
starling on the path to enlighten- 
ment. Although there were lots of 
ridiculous things — the woolly 
thinking, the wanting life to be 
sunny every day — we had values 
lhat don’t exist now”. 

A believer in “small is 
beautiful", she moved to the West 
Country in 1974. and ran Harvest 
a co-operative wholefood shop in 
Bath. She lived in a hippie com- 
mune. “but 1 always hated the dirty 
hippie scene. I'd be painting the 
kitchen while the others smoked 
dope. 1 was unpopular with some 

Wendy Mandy, with son Jesse: 
still called the hippie" 

of the women because I refused to 
accept the Earth Mother role. 

“Hippies were the most sexist 
people oul My husband and I did 
our best to have a relationship that 
transcended primitive emotions 
like greed and possession, but free 
love never worked. 

“Many people had a glimpse of 
something too quickly, especially 
through drugs. Most of my friends 
have lost their ideals, but they still 
call me the liule hippie". 

N kk Rochford abandoned 
accountancy in favour of 
“the usual drop-out 
syndrome". In 1968, 
finding he was unable to get hold of 
the books he wanted to read — 
works by, among others, Jean-Pa ul 
Sartre, Jean Genet and RD. Laing 
- he and his girl friend, Diana 
Gravili, opened Compendium 
Books in Camden High Street, 

"We imported the first copies of 
many American classics, ' such as 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, 
into this country. We had pam- 
phlets and papers from gay libera- 
tion movements and the Black 
Panthers (we get big orders now 
from Mack librarians, which I'm 
very proud about). 

“We sold Os, and had the 
SchooUdds gang hanging around 
the shop wheedling joints. We were 
harassed by the customs . about 
importing Robert Crumb comics, 
which were considered porno- 
graphic, and we sold books on 
drugs and bomb-making. At one 
time, Compendium was also the 

Peace, love and mderstnnding: Nkk Rochford went from raanehiwg 
Ah’ truth in a field of flowers to muring a successful 1 bookstore 

address of the Angry Brigade's 
defence group. 

"We did push the image of*ifwe 
can’t get it, it doesn't exist yef, hot 
we turned into a Holy Grail for 
many bizarre, weirdo factions in 
London, bombarded by every radi- 
cal cause that wanted backing. We 
were too open, really, and it got us 
into a lot of trouble in the 

“I wanted to give people the 
opportunity to experience the same 

exultation from learning and dis- 
covery that I had. But to do that 
successfully, you get caught up in 
paying bills, making a profit in 
order to expand, employing people 
and then shouting at them for not 
getting to work on time, all that 

“We recently painted over the 
old facade of the shop — a 
windmill, blue sky and a rainbow. 
That has to be indicative of 


esmond Banks got his law 
degree at Cambridge in 
1967 and, after spending 
a few months in the 
hippie Utopia of Haight-Ashbury, 
San Francisco, became informa- 
tion officer for Release, a voluntary 
organization founded to help peo- 
ple who had run foul of the drug 

“I didn't think I was a hippie, but 
we at Release all thought we were 
on to something that was going to. 
change the world, that all that was 
needed was a bit of love and 
understanding. We had a message, 
but if anyone had tried to write it 
down it would have fallen apart. 

"I was disgusted to discover that 
the police weren't all like Dixon of 
Dock Green. I remember Nobby 
Pilcher from the Drugs Squad, 
making one of his 'social calls' to 
Release, telling us how he'd just 
Busted John Lennon. He was like a 
groupie; he was just as exdted as if 
he'd met Lennon backstage, 
found his attitude pretty sickening. 

"1 was convinced that cannabis 
would be legalized within a few 
years, and that the law that 
prohibited cannabis did tar more 
harm than the drag itself. In 1967, 
one in eight of all first offenders 
with less than an ounce of cannabis 
resin was sent to prison. . 

"These were often kids who’d 
had no contact with the police 
before and didn’t have the vaguest 
idea of what to do — they IMt bitter 
at the injustice, their frith in the 
_ police was lost for ever, their 
careen woe ruined, their parents 
were anguished. There's no better 
way of ruining someone’s foe". 

He went on to do his articles with 
Kingsley Napley, a top London 
finu of solicitors, and now has his 
own general legal practice (with a 
working juke-box in his office). 
"Some . people see me as the 
Cambridge lawyer who knows 
what he’s doing, others as someone 
prepared to take on the Establish- 
ment in a way that most solicitors 

"I don't preach any message to 
anyone now. But I don't think I 
was wrong then either". 


to the 

“Don’t scream- too loud or- 
the heavy- mob'll come 
running!" regular^ 
amateur dramatic society, as 
director Steph^ri Madden s.- . 
warning . implies. Alice 
Douglas's _ all-too-enecnve _ 
rendition cdiiki result in the 
unscripted entry of hobnau_. 
boots, jangling "keys andl 
snariing Alsatians: For all the • 
men are "lifers". ■ 

Wormwood; . Scrubs,-^ 
uniquely in . Britain, has o£-A 
fercd acting as an optional 1 
recreation for more than 20 
years. With the help of volun- 
teer out-of-work: actresses ; 

and Madden, employed by - 

the Inner London Education ■* 
Authority, of up to *5 
convicts puts on plays twice a ; 
year for fdfow-mmates and - 
the public, raising up to ' . 
£3,000 for charity. - 

Rehearsals begin at 5.45 - 
sharp, four nights a week. The - 
casting is. good; when 1 visit- 
ed, they were rdtearsirig Buts 
Why Bump Off Bamaby? a 1 
country-house whodunnit, ~ 
with tire absent-minded Lord.. 
Barclay played by a Burl Ives ; 
lookatike (although , his bro- - 
ken nose does detract some- . 
what). And there was Clio, 
the resident bitch, played 
with limp-wristed panache by v 
one of the men. 

Apart from the bars on the ; 
windows, the uniformity- of 
the men's dress, and the., 
"forces’ frvourite" attention - 
given to the women; the: { 
atmosphere is that of the 
most innocent evening class. 

“I think the girls are a great » 
attraction". Madden says. - 
There are not many of those : 
on the evenings attended by - 
old age pensioners, the Worn- . 
ens Royal Voluntary Society - 
and members of the public 
(who incidentally exdude ■ 
family, _as. they, might- be=^ 
tempted to try .a spot of- 

"It’s very difficult to 
recruit” Macklen says. And. 
although West In dians tpalre • 
up 20 per cent of the 255 men * 
in D Wing, Jbe has been 
unable so &r to tempt any 
into the drama group. ; 
"Sometimes it's because they ' « 
want to spend their free time * 
watching television of play*. . 
mg darts. A lot. say they just - 
don't like, the men in the . 
drama group- They don’t j 
want m be called a poof". . < 

Another source of frustra- 
tion is the mlnates r choice of’ 
plays. “Thertfsmo censorship ‘ 
from the top, so I'd like tb tty J 
John Godber or 'Dario Fo , 
Macklen says, “but- the group ••• 
want things like No Sort 
Please We’re BritisfT. ' 

: SarahJane 
Checkland ' 

Bui Why Bump Off Bamaby?. .! 
by Rick Abbott , tonight, to- \ 
morrow and May 30 ami 31.' 
Ticketsfivm Officer JOrr.c/O ' « 
The Stage: Wormwood. 

Scrubs. Du Cane Road, Lon- \ 
don W12 (01-743 0311 ) L 

THE ^igtefc^&TlM ES 1 


The weekend starts here 

— dbltjhfw S old 1 — 

£12,000 to be won 

Anything you slay will be . 

A£U3 Swmv Harr, FrtKcn and pmantx 

Captured at Gallipoli 

When Henry Friston put the horrors of war behind him 
and returned to gardening in Lowestoft, he brought with 
him an extraordinary souvenir, captured at Gallipoli. 
Christened AU Pasha, the prisoner became a Friston 
heirloom, figuring In all the family photographs and 
making a guest appearance in Henry Friston’s obituary. 
In The Times tomorrow, the strange tale of Ali Pasha, 
the Gallipoli tortoise . . . 

The big Celebrity 

crossword square meals 

Holiday Famous name 

Jumbo restaura nts 

Can you always gel your copy of The T imes? 

Dear Newsagent, please deli%er.-Sd\c me a copy ol The Times 



British police are 
tackling a new 
rural criminal. 

Pearson Phillips 
reports from 
the hedgerows 

It wasn't every day that police 
superintendent Tony Haw- 
kins had a professional killer 
holed-up in a corner of his 
manor. So he left his desk at 
Gloucestershire police head- 
quarters in the seedy, crime- 
wracked streets of downtown 
Cheltenham to take a personal 
hand in the stake-out. 

The su penmen tent studied 
every move through a tele- 
scope. His quarry looked 
harmless enough. “He's got 
time on bis bands at the 
moment", commented one of 
the team of hand-picked vol- 
unteers at his side. “He and 
his mate can get by on a 
pigeon a day. But when her 
eggs hatch and the fledglings 
arrive, he'll be a lot busier". 

Keeping a caring eye on 
nesting peregrine falcons is 
part of the lot of a new species 
of policemen. They are called 
wildlife liaison officers, and 
they are cropping up in forces 
throughout the country. (In 29 
out of 51 at the last count) 
"The policeman's job is to 
protect our quality of life", 
explains the pioneer of the 
new trade, chief superinten- 
dent Teny Rands of the Essex 
county police. "But life isn’t 
all about crime, traffic and 
drugs. It is also about lesser 
things, like badgers, wild flow-, 
ers and hedgerows. If we 
neglect those things society as 
a whole is the loser”. 

.An incident in Essex seems 
to have started the whole 
thing. Someone found an ani- 
mal trap beside a badger set 
and suggested to their local 
police station lhat an investi- 
gation was called for. The 
policeman on duty was appar- 
ently unfamiliar with the Pro- 

Nature trail: Superintendent Tony Hawkins on the lookout 

tection of Animals Act 1911, 
or the Badgers Act of 1973 (as 
amended by Section 12 of the 
Wildlife and Countryside Act 
of 1981.) Instead of taking 
down all the particulars be 
suggested that the complain- 
ant should take his problem to 
the RSPCA. 

Then the Royal Society for 
Nature Conservancy wrote to 
every chief constable in the 
land, suggesting that each 
police force should have one 
man who would act as a focal 
point for all wildlife matters. 

Live badgers can 
be worth as much 
as £500 a time 

Someone who would know 
what to do or who to inform if 
a marsh warbler's nest was 
being threatened, a ribbon- 
leaved water plantain was 
being uprooted, or a tribe of 
anxious frogs was being cut off 
from its spawning pond. 

Superintendent Tony Haw- 
kins of the Gloucestershire 
force is one of the most recent 
recruits to this nationwide 
network. You know as soon as 
you enter his office that he is 
not quite the typical Z Cars 
policeman. In [dace of wanted 
posters on the walls are paint- 
ings of ducks by Peter Scott 
and a photograph of greater 

crested grebes. Wildlife Liai- 
son is only his secondary job. 
His main post is second-in- 
command of traffic 

“You will find that most of 
the policeman taking on this 
task will already be keen on 
wildlife as a hobby. I got into 
this because I am a birdwatch- 
er, and a member of the local 
branch of the Royal Society 
for the Protection of Birds." 
Hence his interest in the 
peregrines, which have been 
nesting at Symond’s Yat on a 
rockface above the Wye since 
the early 1980s. The eggs were 
stolen in 2983, and last year 
the fledglings were drowned 
by the torrential summer 
rains. This year volunteers 
and paid staff from the RSPB 
are mounting a 24-hour watch 
on the nest but they also have 
telescopes through which the 
public who visit the site can 
catch a glimpse of the birds. 

"Dealing with the problems 
on the ground is a matter for 
officers in the police station", 
explaines Tony Hawkins. “At 
headquarters ! just advise and 
liaise. I had a conference the 
other day on whether we had 
serious badger harassment in 
this county and what to do 
about it if we had. There is a 
limit to what we can do. It 
would be nice to put a patrol 
on all badger sets, but with our 
manpower shortage that's 

The badgers of 
Gloucestershire’s Forest of 
Dean are apparently under 
threat from gangs coming up 
from South Wales, who attack 
their earths with terriers and 
spades for sport. The man at 
the sharp end of the badger 
battle is constable Tudor Da- 
vies of Lydney police station 
in the Forest of Dean. He has 
formed a badger group of non- 
police volunteers to keep an 
eye on the sets. “Twenty per 
cent of our known badger sets 
have been interfered with", he 
said. “Live badgers sell for up 
to £500 for organized badger 
baiting sessions with dogs. 

"What I'm concentrating on 
now is getting all the people 
walking the area to keep their 
eyes open for rough-looking 
characters with spades, iron 
bars, terriers and possibly 



1 Captured (6) 

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We wish to apologize for ari error in a clue (8 across) and its solution 
in Wednesday's crossword. 



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ShouM fathers have 
the same right to 
childcare leave as 
Continental men? 

* LeeRodwell hears 
a German view 

T* 0 ™ ScW>d, 3<>, a twr*r fan. 
Mnmcii, took advantage of his rights 
to parental leave when his 

NMms were aged three 
ana one. . . 

in £t trae - between 1979 and 
W82 — he was a public employee and 
**““ A* >%ht to work 
part-toe id order to help bring up his 

He said: “My wife Barabara had a 
part-toe jab as a dty planner and I 
was working toll-toe. We had a girl 
to look after the children and my 

«*«* *** them soal 
(lilies. Bat 1 wanted to have a better 
connection with my cbfldren. 

“ft took abort three to four months 
for my office to confirm that it was 
legally possible for me to do ft. The 

ton Monday to soon on Wednesday 

Sharing the caring 

Lthers hav<» l‘ DtonaGan 

Children chicken out 

In My ojnhfoy, 1 

MW. Cribs on f$ 

S-fra*-#- Work, j in.... ; 


afternoon to Friday evening. 

“I enjoyed it, but it was sot easy. I 
had experience with cooking, bat not 
m washing and cleaning, shopping or 
bnymg clothes for die children. This 
was quite difficult fiat to see what the 
children did, to learn to know what 
they needed, this was the compensa- 
S tkm. It; was a good and imp«rtant 
■ experience. 

“My wife was not sure how the 
experiment would work oat She was 
concerned abort the housekeeping - 
and she was right It wasn't easy to 
find a way to share it I didn't realise it 
was necessary so many things shook! 
be dme. We also found there were 
more opportunities to spend money. If 
two people are doing the shopping and 


housekeeping won tend to spend more, 
also if yon both have more rime out of 
work then there is more chance to 

F athers in this country could 
share child cart if a draft 
directive on parental leave to 
be discussed by the EEC 
Council of Ministers next month 
were to become law. 

Parental leave is time off work for 
either parent, after the aid of 
n .maternity leave, to care for a child 
under two. The main proposals of the 
directive include a minimum leave 
period of three months per worker per 
chil& although individual member 
sates may fix a longer period. A part- 
time option if parents and ’employer 
agree, the leave period being extended 
proportionately, is also proposed, as 
well ds the possibility of leave being 
paid out of public funds. 

Parental leave is already estab- 
lished elsewhere In Europe — nine 
EEC countries already provide some 
form of parental, leave for all or part 
of their workforce (see panel). But in 
Britain, fathers have no statutory 
rights to leave relating to the birth or 
care of their child, and the UK is the 
only member stale with a general 
reservation on the parental leave 

* A House of Lends Select Commit- 
tee has studied foe draft directive, 
together with evidence from the 
Department of Employment, foe 
CBI. foe TUC,. the Equal Opportuni- 
. ties Commission (EOC) and a num- 
ber of other interested bodies. 

The EOC says: “The adoption of 
' parental leave is essential to achiev- 

“ProWems also developed at work. 
V worked very hard in my two and a 
half days bat 1 began to fed isolated, 
not by my colleagues, but by my 
bosses. Maybe this was the price I 
had to pay to profit from being with 
the ldds. 1 think it is a problem in any 
job, that employees prefer foil time 
not part-time workers. But 1 also 
think that for some years of you- life 
it's OK not to think solely of your 

ing a more equal sharing of family 
responsibilities between mothers and 
fathers, enabling both parents to 
combine careers with responsible 
family life". 

Even foe Lords Committee report, 
published in Match 1985, broadly 
agreed with foe statutory provision of 
parental leave and even thought that 
it should be paid, although only for 
businesses with more than 20 em- 
ployees, and only for one monthl 
The Government, however, seems 
unimpressed. In June last year Peter 
Bottomley, then a junior employ- 
ment minister, said: “The 
Government's view is that foe mat- 
ters covered by the draft directive are 
best dealt with between employers 
and employees according to their own 
priorities, needs and circumstances, 
rather than by Government or Com- 
munity intervention. The Govern- 
ment are also concerned at foe 
potential costs and administrative 
burden such a measure would impose 
on employers, and we strongly be- 
lieve that here and in Europe we 
should be focusing our energies and 
efforts on foe main problem that feces 
us all — unemployment — rather than 
on improving foe position of people 
who already have jobs”. 

Yesterday the EOC published the 
findings of a research project they had 
commissioned into foe costs of 
implementing parental leave — foe 
first such costing exercise to be 
carried out. They hope that the results 

Thomas has since left that job and 
now works full-time as a lawyer 
elsewhere. His wife works part-time 
with hours which fit in with the 
children's school day. 

So would he advise other fathers to 
take advantage of parental leave 
provisions? He says: “Although I 
work a lot now I still have my dose 
folks with my children. I wouldn't 
agitate for all men to do it— you have 
to have a real interest in yum- children 
and not all men will feel that way. But 
if you want to do it, then you should be 
able to. 1 enjoyed it and I have no 

will' persuade the Government to 
change its tune and support foe draft 
directive next month. 

The project assumed that if there 
was a flat-rate allowance for parental 
leave it would be at the statutory sick- 
pay rate and taxable, but it was also 
assumed that the service requirement 
to qualify for parental leave would be 
one year's continuous employment 
with one employer. Both parents 
must be in work (or in full-time 
study) and could not take parental 
leave at foe same time. Self-employed 
parents could not take Jeave. 

T he next step was to estimate 
how many parents would 
then be entitled to leave — 
and how many would take up 
the option. Using figures from several 
sources, including foe Office of 
Population Censuses and Surveys on 
live births in 1984/5, foe 1983 
General Household Survey and the 
1984 Labour Force Survey, Sally 
Holterinann, a former senior eco- 
nomic adviser with the Government 
Economic Service, suggests that if foe 
birth rate stays at foe 1985 level, 
about 240,000 mothers and 170,000 
fathers in Great Britain would be 
eligible for parental leave. But not all 
would lake it — foe more financially 
attractive foe scheme, foe higher the 
take-up is likely to be. 

Given all foe factors, if a flat-rate, 
taxable allowance equivalent to statu- 
tory sick pay was paid to those on 


FRANCE: Two years unpaid leave 
to either parent or the right to work 

part-time for foe same period. If 
there are three or more children leave 
is paid at £100 a month. 

ITALY: Six months paid leave at 30 
per cent of earnings, which may be 
taken by foe father y 

DENMARK: Ten weeks parental 
leave at 90 per cent of earnings. 

BELGIUM: Provision for 
sabbaticals enables any worker to 
apply for between six and twelve 
months leave to care for young 
children. Leave may be taken part- 
time and if foe employee's position is 
filled by an unemployed person, 
social security is paid. 

GREECE: Parents with one year's 
service m companies with more than 
100 workers are entitled to three 
months unpaid leave per year for each 
child under two and a half. 

GERMANY: Ten months paid leave 
at (£150) per month. From 1988 foe 
period will be increased to twelve 

LUXEMBOURG: Public sector 
employees may take one year of 
unpaid leave following maternity 

PORTUGAL: Six months parental 

SPAIN: Up to three years unpaid 
parental leave. 

parental leave, she would expect 
between 120,000 and 170.000 raw? 
each year. The women tairing leave 
would account for about 1 to PA per 
cent of all female employees, while 
foe men would represent 0.1 to 0.15 
per oem of all male employees. 

So what would this cost? According 
to Ms Holtermann the annual net 
exchequer cost for unpaid parental 
leave would be between £4 million 
and £8 million, depending on take up. 
If parents were paid a flat-rate £30 a 
week allowance, this would involve 
an annual net exchequer cost of 
between £3 1 million and £45 million. 

S he says: “To put these figures 
in perspective, it is worth 
noting that in 1984, central 
government spent £141 mil- 
lion on foe flat-rate maternity allow- 
ance. while in 1984/5 foe Maternity 
Pay Fund made payments of £61 
million to employers for maternity 

She adds: “These amounts are very 
small in comparison with employers' 
total wages and salaries bill (£152.7 
billion in the UK in 1984) or then- 
total national insurance contribu- 
tions (£1 1,39! million in foe UK in 
1984). The introduction of parental 
leave would increase foe total wages 
and salaries bill by less than 0.01 per 

The EOCs point is that parental 
leave would not cost nearly so much 
to set up as has sometimes been 
impIied_As for Mr Bottomley’s sug- 
gestion that we should be focusing 
our problems on more serious prob- 
lems such as unemployment, the 
Holtermann report also indicates that 
the introduction of parental leave 
could take between 6,000 and 9,000 
people annually off foe unemploy- 
ment register with savings of between 
£15 million and £25 million. 

Parental leave could be of benefit 
to employers. If more women were 
encouraged to return to their jobs 
after having a baby, then employers 
would gain by not losing experienced 
female staff because they deride not 
to return to work after having a baby. 

Textbooks say that children 
with chicken-pox should be 
isolated for one week from the 
time when spots appear, or 
until dry scabs form. But in a 
recent edition of foe British 
Medical Journal, four general 
practitioners conclude that 
this precaution is unnecessary. 

They argue that chicken- 
pox is usually a mild disease in 
childhood and so is best 
contracted then. Keeping chil- 
dren free of chicken-pox sim- 
ply means they are likely to get 
it as adults when complica- 
tions can be nasty. 

Furthermore, there's some 
doubt as to whether isolating a 
child with chicken-pox pro- 
tects his or her playmates. The 
child could be infectious and 
pass on the disease before foe 
tell-tale spots appear. 

The only children who 
should be kept clear of chick- 
en-pox are those whose im- 
mune systems have been 
compromised by drugs or 
disease (such as cancer), and 
in whom the illness can lead to 
serious complications. It is 
probably wiser to isolate these 
vulnerable children from the 
infection, but children with 
chicken-pox need only be kept 
away from school if they 
actually fed ilL 

Just scoot off 

After Michael Retd smashed 
his foot, his only complaint in 
hospital was with foe crutches: 

. they fell over when he propped 
them against walls, he found 
them uncomfortable, and be 
also became frustrated be- 
cause his hands were not free 
when they were propping up 

him . 

Although in theory confined 
to bed, he used to struggle 
across his room kneeling on a 
chair. It was then that foe idea 
came to him: a “scooter” with 
a basket half foe width of a 
chair attached to a waist-hi g h 
handle and on wheels. The 
basket would be lined with 
foam and the incapacitated 
individual would rest his knee 
there and be instantly mobile. 

As managing director of an 
engineering company in 
Christchurch, Dorset, it was 
simple for Mr Reid to put his 



idea into shape: one of his staff 
put the scooter together in an 

The unexpected advantage 
of foe scooter - nicknamed 
K9 ( pace Dr Who) — is that it 
reduces foe agony of foot 
injuries. When using crutches 
the leg hangs down, which can 
be tiring and painfuL The K9 
system means that foe leg 
weight is supported by foe 
basket. “Body weight is equal- 
ly divided between both legs 
whereas crutches put an extra 
strain on one foot and an 
uneven load on the hips, as 
well as an unaccustomed load 
on (he arms and shoulders”, 
Mr Reid says. 

He wrote to rhe British 
Medical Journal about his 
experiences, and he received 
so many requests for simitar 
scooters that he built a couple 
of dozen. These are now being 
nsed by people all over the 
country — including a brain 
surgeon with a broken Achil- 
les tendon who is able to 
continue operating. If the re- 
ports are favourable. Mr Reid 
will consider producing four 
models: a child's one and 
others suitable for short, medi- 
um and tali adults. 

“It started as a joke", he 
said, “but 1 used it for two 
months. 1 hope other people 
will benefit from it." 

Too bloodthirsty? 

H V look back 
at ISth and 
practices of 
and leeching 
with some dis- 
belief. George W ashington, for 
example, was probably inad- 
vertently bled to death by his 
donors in 1799. But late 20th- 
century proa ice mav be just as 

A report from the New 
England Journal of Medicine 

mM:* ’US 


4'*; t . .. »•••. : -i.vr 

Ankle relief: for patient Maggie Nightingale on a scooter 


^ a y 

S ^ B 


“Help Me 

imy School 
Kso I Can 
Write My 
Brst Letter 
T To You” 

A prescription for life 

points out that many doctors 

> still take tar too much blood 
from patients. It is not for 
therapeutic purposes but sim- 
ply for tests. 

Dr Bruce Smollcr and Dr 
Margot Kruskall found thai 
f the average adult patient in 
i intensive care in Boston lost 
nearly two pints of blood for 
■ analysis in a laboratory, which 
j is nearly 20 per cent oft he total 
■ blood volume, ,-t nyone who has 
\ given blood will' know that it 
■ may be a weakening cvperi- 
i nice — the dangers for serious- 
i ly ill patients arc much greater. 

: Supplement 

A re-analysis, 
of a study of 
supplements in 
the prevention_ 
of spina bifida 
EtffcVjLHgaara an d other neu- 
ral tube defects (NTD) has 
once again cast doubt on foe 
need for a controversial trial 
being conducted by the Medi-. 
cal Research Council (MRC). 

In 1983. doctors from the' 
University of Leeds and some ■ 
of their colleagues around the ' 
country published a scientific 
study which provided strong 
evidence that spina bifida can 
be prevented in women who 
have already had one child 
with the disease by giving 
them a nutritional supplement 
for at least one month before 
the> get pregnant, and in the 
early stages of their pregnan- ■ 
cies. The supplement used was 
Pregnovite Forte F which 
contains iron, calcium, foia-' 
mine and vitamin Bti among 
other nutrients. 

At the time the study was ' 
much criticized. Other re- 
searchers felt the two groups 
of women studied, one of 
which was given foe supple- 
ment and one of which was 
not. mighi not have been ' 
entirely comparable. That ar- 
gument was then used to 
justify a much larger study 
now being run by the MRC in 
which, again, some women 
will be given vitamin and 
mineral supplements while 
others will not. 

But now a closer look at the 
original data, just published in 
Archives of Disease in Child- 
hood. has further strengthened 
the Leeds doctors' case. 

They have looked for likely 
sources of bias in their original 
study - social class, the num- 
ber of previous NTD babies 
born to the women, the areas 
in which foe women lived, 
and foe women's history of 
spontaneous and therapeutic 

Household peril 

Household cleaning fluids 
carry hidden dangers. Re- 
cently three women suffered - 
breathing problems after they . 
mixed household ammonia 
with domestic bleach. 

Their plight was reported 
in the journal. Chest, which 
points out that the mixture 
produces toxic fumes of 
monochloramine. The wom- 
en realized that the fumes 
were irritating, but took them 
as a sign that they had simply 
concocted a more powerful 

Olivia Timbs and ' 
Lorraine Fraser 


How a British rabbi 
is helping Jews to 
find their roots 

It is Monday evening at foe 
Machzikei Hadass synagogue 
in Golders Green, north Lon- 
don. and former pharmacist 
Rabbi Joe Freilich is speaking 
to a bushed audience. His 
voice has an easy, anecdotal 
quality that is nevertheless 
gently insistent: Rabbi 
Freilich talks hurriedly, like a 
man with a mission. 

His audience — a dozen or 
so young men and women 
seated at a table piled with 

•V -fcf- v- - 
•_ *t j* . r* 

— 7 • '•.,!»* 




Hebrew books — listens atten- no, -bom again Jews”, but 
E?L“ if £**1* a (fend®, merely returning to their iden- 

Saving sods: Rabbi Joe FreSkh teaches a class of of students 

When you sponsor a child through PLAN ycra will 
be creating an environment we all take for granted. 

Your money will help her, her family and thrir local 



5 For example, they’ll have their first school And with a 

3 it the basis for building a deerent future. o 

g And the child you sponsor will, with PLAm help, g 
| write regularly to you wd tell you about herself and g 

S 1 You will have good reason ro feel proud, ftijticularly g 
S when you get thar fast letter in her oxen handwriting. g 

i f - D m^£9. Please tell me about the g 

i 5 Child I an sponsoring. □ I enclose a donation. „ 

9 □ I am interested but would like you to send more details, g 

S □ i -would like to pay by Access A^isa. g 

f (Credit raid payment ro become a sponsor must be semi- a 

fg annual orannud.) ° 

•J “ 

5 Sgoature^ — — - : a 

g : My card no. is '• B 

3 n™. .(Mt/MisyMisJ s 

tine trip to Russia; of how he 
smuggled in Jewish books, 
held underground meetings, 
and was tailed by the KGB. 

“Weren’t yon frightened?” a 
woman with a spiky, punk 
hair-do asks. Rabbi Freilich 
pauses, admits that he was, 
and then rushes on. The 
woman gazes at him fixedly, a 
kind of hunger in her fece. 

Joe Freilich is in the busi- 
ness of saving Jewish souls. 
His audience that Monday 


A qualified pharmacist 
from Ireland, Rabbi Freilich 
heads Dvar Yerushalayim, a 
yeshiva (institute of teaming) 
which in foe past six years has 
helped bring some 700 Jews 
back to foe ibid in Britain. 

“We do it via the intellect". 
Rabbi Freilich says. “We 
don't want just an emotional 
mishmash: we want people to 
believe that through studying. 

r O-'«- ,, ; 

OQ SlbXTmi * 

Inttsi ^TeLOl-493 0940 

SsSsH {24 horns). Chari"- Rogianffl™ °°- 276035 - 

night was composed of baald lheir he opened and 

teshuvah. a Hebrew term they’ll see a world they didn't 
meaning “one who has know about before.” 
returned”. They were peni- As we talk, he flicks through 
tents, part of a phenomenon three photograph albums in 
which in recent years has which bis baalei teshuvah 
swept Jewry world-wide, most graduates are displayed at 
notably in the United States various gatherings, feasts and 
and Israel. Now, in a quiet, weddings, and mutters fondly 
discreet fashion, it is making as he identifies each student a 
ground in Britain as well. former actress playing on the 
Some of Rabbi Freilich's floor with one of his nine 
students came from fraction- children: a one-time Christian 
ally traditional homes; others missionary who underwent 
from backgrounds so effeo- circumcision before Rabbi 
lively assimilated that they Freilich would rotor him in 
bad been scarcely aware of Judaism; and, prominently 

lheir Jewishness. But all have displayed. Rabbi Freilich at 
become Orthodox to some the wheel of a plane with one 
degree: observing foe Sabbath, of his star pupils, Roni Fox. 
eating only kosher food. Born and raised in Israel, 
studying foe Bible and Tal- but now a British citizen, Roni 
mud. None bore the sanctimo- Fox was Britain's youngest 
nious expression of foe zealot: ever flying instructor. Having 
they qiiicily insisted they were recently qualified for her air- 

line pilot's licence, she de- 
scribes her life until 18 
months ago as one in which 
she “ate .slept and breathed 
flying” Then came foe news 
that her mother — foe family 
lives in Israel - had followed 
in foe footsteps of her two 
baalei teshuvah brothers, and 
was attending seminars on 
Judaism, and purging her 
kitchen of non-kosher food. 
Roni was appalled. 

“Looking back, I realize 
that to me all religious people 
looked the same: like they 
came out of foe Middle Ages. J 
thought that because of all the 
advanced technology, religion 
didn’t have a place in a 
modern person’s life.” 

On her next visit home she 
sought out her brothers in 
Jerusalem, determined to 
wear down their arguments 
with reason; but it was she 
who capitulated. She felt the 
first stirrings of faith, and 
found herself beginning to 

She decided to join Rabbi 
Freilich's daytime yeshiva, 
where she is foe only 
woman.“f fed that my life is 
taking on such a wider, deeper 
dimension”, she says. “When 
you Start learning, you start 
discovering your own self 
from within.” 

Rivka Fried 

•W ^ 

10 % 


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Why Fowler must have more 

David Watt 


The Balfour 

Norfolk Tories have dealt an 
embarrassing blow to their 
constituency party by demonstrat- 
>"8 the sort of bolshiness more 
often displayed by Labour ao 
tivists. They scuppered the adop- 
tion of would-be parliamentary 
candidate Charles Harris, who 
looked set to inherit the safe seat 
of Norfolk South West from Sir 
Paul Hawkins, who is to retire at 
the next election. Despite being 
chosen by the constituency party's 
executive council, an overwhelm- 
ing majority of 270 local party 
members who attended a general 
meeting refused to ratify his 
adoption. The 41 -year-old Harris 
is thought to be unpopular in this 
agricultural constituency because 
he is a banister from Oxfordshire 
and has only limited connections 
with the area. Some see this as pan 
of the legacy of the Ryedale by- 
election, where Tory merchant 
banker Neil Balfour lost to an 
Alliance candidate much 
betterknown locally. 

62 and ’84 

Orwell would have enjoyed the 
row. Forty years after the publica- 
tion of Animal Farm, the National 
Theatre's adaptation has just been 
disowned by the Internationa] 
Theatre Institute, which was to 
stage it at a festival in Baltimore 
next month. A leaked memo 
reveals that the m president, 
Wole Soyinla of Nigeria, thought 
that some of the 62 nations 
represented by the institute 
"might be embarrassed". The 
production will now be treated as 
entirely independent or the festi- 
val and will not be advertised. An 
unplay, as it were. "It's worthy of 
Squealer." grunts Sir Peter Hall, 
who refused to mount a substitute 
production for the festival. 

Jumped up 

It seems there is an imposter in the 
Conservative ranks. Buriy MP 
Geoffrey Dickens was recently 
spotted wearing the distinctive 
colours of the Parliamentary para- 
chute lie — awarded to 18 MPS 
who look part in a charity 
parachute jump at Aldershot in 
July 1980. Dickens, who weighs in 
at a hefty 21 stone, wisely made 
desislance the better part of 
valour, but was given a spare tie by 
the jump's organizer, fellow Tory 
Gary Waller. Dickens says it is 
beautifully designed and goes very 
nicely with a blue suit, adding that 
he did jump from an aircraft in 
his National Service days but that 
a rather larger parachute would be 
needed today. 

Peacock preface 

Blood is being spilt in the BBCs 
attempts to become a money- 
spinner ahead of the Peacock 
report. Since April, resentment 
has been mounting within its 
publications division over a shot- 
gun marriage with BBC Enter- 
prises. Now, within weeks of the 
resignation of BBC publications 
chief John Holmes, book sales 
manager Roger Chown has quit 
after failing even to be interviewed 
for the still unfilled post of head of 
books. Holmes, who has joined 
the Audit Bureau of Circulations, 
left in similar circumstances after 
being told he would not be made 

Enterprises group. The £40,000 
salary, however, has proved too 
small to tempt the hoped-for high- 
flyers from outside. One such, 
from the Debenhams Group, 
humiliated the Bceb by declining 
the job at the last moment. 


*Qnestiom since he is only carrying 
oat Mrs Thatcher's policies, 
bow long will Kenneth Baker last?* 

Beginner only 

Goldcrcst, the beleaguered British 
film maker, is slipping into the 
world of fantasy again. After the 
mixed reception for Absolute 
Beginners, it is persisting in taking 
credit for a bit film which it never 
made - Chariots of Fire. The man 
making the claim on both sides of 
the Atlantic is chief executive Jake 
Eberts, much to the annoyance of 
the real makers. Allied Stars and 
Twentieth Century Fox. Gold- 
crest's contribution to the film 
comprised £17400 “seed" money 
to rfforaote the idea, which was 

bought up fry *1* rw0 «"!»»«»*■ 

tSJT repaid Goldcrcst with due 

Allied Stars describes 
Goldcrcst role as purclv penph- 
I spote jo Gddcrra 
nSraday. I was ■J 14 « 

funds ‘S-!!’?' U,<: 

SSf i Ihe rime but we did finance 
nne of our directors was 


If the changing political climate 
leads to bigger public spending 
next year rather than tax cats. 
Norman Fowler, the govern- 
ment's biggest spender by far, can 
present the Treasury with a shop- 
ping list of good causes the length 
of his arm,' citing both political 
and “deserving” grounds. 

The government is under un- 
precedented pressure over the 
health service after abjectly losing 
the propaganda battle. Ministers 
such as Paul Channon, the In- 
dustry Secretary, who on Question 
Time last week trotted out the now 
famous litany of more money 
spent and more patients treated, 
find much of their' audience, 
hooting in derision. On social 
security too the pressures are 
mounting. Chiselling the odd mil- 
i lion here and there from a budget 
of £40 billion shows the govern- 
ment as mean-minded and par- 
simonious. In addition, such cuts 
are now hitting the government's 
own supporters. ' 

For a saving of £30 million the 
proposal to pay only half of 
mortgage interest for the first six 
months to unemployed on supple- 
mentary benefit cuts across the 
government's desire for continued 
council house sales and a prop- 
erty-owning democracy. It also 
frightens the middle classes who 
have long ceased to be exempt 
from the prospect of unemploy- 
ment. It also smacks of a half 
measure. Either it is right in 
principle to pay the interest, or it is 

Planned cuts of £45 million in 
housing and supplementary bene- 
fit for students, to be offset by a 

In ten days time, after the half- 
term holiday, Jonathan Savery 
will walk back into Menydown 
Boys' School in Bristol, sit down 
with a small group of 12-year-olds 
whose first lan g iia g e is Urdu and 
get on with teaching them English. 
Or so he hopes. 

That is the job be has done at 
one Bristol school or another for 
the last nine years, but he is not 
optimistic that he will be allowed 
to continue in peace despite the 
foci that late on Wednesday, after 
13 hours of agonized discussion, a 
disciplinary panel of Avon county 
education committee cleared him 
of allegations of being a racist. 

The very word racist has be- 
come charged with moral and 
emotional overtones. Most of ns 
would go to great lengths to avoid 
any suggestion of ft. Savery be- 
lieves that in his own rad of 
multi-cultural education the fear 
is so great that political activists 
are using it increasingly to stifle 
free discussion, and brought the 
charge against him because he 
refused to conform. 

Savery is 37, Bristol bora and 
bred, with a soft West Country 
burr. He is only attached to 
Menydown. His employers are 
the Avon Multi-cultural Educa- 
tion Centre, a support service 75 
per cent ftmded by the Home 
Officesct upin 1977. to help pupils 
from ethnic minorities. 

Savery himself was a founder 
member. “1 have always been 
interested in teaching ethnic 
minorities. My first school was 50 
per cent Asian and West Indian. 
When the MEC was set up 1 
thought it would be fascinating to 
work for, and so ft proved.” 

Indeed, his credentials as a non- 
racist might be thought im- 
peccable. Besides his teaching 
background he studied for a 
degree in multi-cultural educa- 
tion, he has many black friends 
and was married to a West Indian 
girl (they are now divorced). 

The racist charge was made by a 
militant black group now domi- 
nant in the MEC calling itself 
Macaw - Multi-cultural Educa- 
tion Afro-Caribbean and Asian 
Workers' Group. It first attacked 
Savery last November when he 
objected to its proposals that the 
MEC should be restructured to 
have a black head, a black 
majority on the management 
committee and an all-black staff. 
Savery called the proposals im- 
proper because they discriminated 
against whites. 

The main attack came soon 
after when Macaw discovered he 
hod written an article for the right- 
wing Salisbury Review attacking 
“ami-racism'' as an ideology. The 
piece was bound to cause trouble. 
It was the Salisbury Review that 
carried articles by Ray Honeyford, 

As the election nears, Nicholas Timmins 
outlines the irresistible pressures for higher 
spending on health and social welfare 

mere £36 a year increase in the 
student grant, anger middle-class 
parents just as much as students. 
The government's social security 
advisory committee is unhap py 
over the proposal; worried min- 
isters are consulting backbenchers 
before deciding whether to go 
ahead or, more likely, to modify 
the proposal. 

But even before looking for 
money to reduce the impact of 
unpopular proposals, Fowler’s 
first request to the Treasury is 
likely to be for £100 million to pay 
an allowance to married women 
who give up work to look after 
disabled relatives, since the gov- 
ernment seems certain to lose next 
the test case on the issue now 
before the European Court. While 
ministers insist they can think of 
better things to spend the money 
— onan allowance for the blind, 
for example - the cause is popu- 
lar. Changing or bending the rules 
to get round a European Court 
judgement would cause yet an- 
other political storm; and the £23 
a week benefit looks a bargain 
against the £120 to £230 a week it 
costs social security to put some- 
one in a residential or nursing 

Further away in public spending 
terms, but dear on the horizon, is 
the case for extra cash needed for 
social security reforms in 1988. At 

present several thousand of the 
most severely disabled on supple- 
mentary benefit stand to lose £10 
or£2Q a week in real terms. The re- 
forms do little or nothing to help 
those who do worst under tire 
present system — unemployed 
families with children; though 
measures to protect either would 
be costly. 

Changes in social security 
spending would also be for less 
popular than spending more on 
tire NHSL Already, however, the 
Treasury will need to find an extra 
£160 million next year to meet the 
cost of the phased NHS pay 
awards announced yesterday. 
Failure to do so would alm os t 
certainly mean ward closures and 
a reduction in services in what is 
likely to be election year. 

The Department of Health's 
own evidence to the nurses pay 
review body that an extra 1 per 
cent on nurses' pay alone is 
equivalent to 2,000 nip replace- 
ments, plus 2,000 coronary artery 
by-pass operations plus the av- 
erage cost of 34,000 in-patient 
cases would come back to haunt 

More money for nurses could 
well improve morale but would 
not provide extra services. In 
addiuon, pay problems are piling 
up in other parts of the NHS. 
Ancillary workers have been kept 

After being cleared of a charge of racism, 
Jonathan Savery talks to Michael McCarthy 
ahont a black militant threat to free speech 

How Macaw 
tried to 
muzzle me 

Savery: things Oat 

the Bradford headmaster whose 
combative remarks on multi- 
cultural education brought about 
the bitter campaign that led to his 
early retirement 

Entitled “Anti-Racism as Wit- 
chcraft", the piece described the 
very process by which Savery was 
to foU victim; merely to disagree 
with a member of the anti-racist 
lobby is to invite the accusation of 
racism. Anti-racism, said Savery. 
was the new. aggressive witchcraft 
of the left: “This ideology has now 
acquired the status of tribal law; to 
resist or offend it is to invite 
professional isolation, persecution 
or execution.” 

And so it proved. Macaw com- 
plained to the education author- 
ity. Avon's director of education, 
Peter Coleman, found that the 
piece constituted a prima facie 
case of racism. Sa very’s career 
hung in the balance for months 
until the disciplinary panel cleared 
him on Wednesday. However, it 
added the ominious rider “Mr 
Savery’s expressions of his opin- 
ions, as revealed in his article 

: needed to be said 

. . . given the circumstances at the 
Multi-Cultural Education Centre, 
make it difficult for him to remain 
as a member of the staff there at 
this tune.” 

“There is an intransigent Mack 
group who will accept nothing less 
than a guilty verdict," Savery said 
yesterday. "If I return to the MEC 
I know there will be chaos. "It has 
been an interesting experience. 
You certainly find out who your 
friends are." A pause. “Some of 
the people in the campaign against 
me were my friends.” 

Savery says he has no fixed 
political views, has in the past 
voted both Conservative and La- 
bour, and gives his support to 
“whichever programme I happen 
to agree with." He did not align 
himself with the right 

Then why write for the Salis- 
bury Review, knowing the con- 
troversy he would cause? 

“Writing in the Salisbury Re- 
view doesn't necessarily reveal my 
political loyalties. On this particu- 
lar issue I was saying things that 
needed to be said, things that at 

quiet in recent years by compete 

hive tendering for cleaning, cater- 
ing and laundry Semces.lhit.the 
squeeze on pay rates for admin- 
istrative and clerical -staff has 
made recruitment for some grades 
increasingly difficult, particularly 
in London and the South East 
Health service treasurers now ■ 
have to pay big sums to agen d a to 
hire secretaries, accountants and 
computer personnel; seme of 
them former NHS employees. -. 

For all the trumpeted figures 
.about income; from . land and 
braiding sales, capital is the re- 
source the NHS has consistently 
been deprived o£ and in real leans 
this years NHS caphal'afiocation 
from the Treasury actually .felL 
Money is needed for. projects as 
diverse as bousing ami commu- 
nity homes for the mentally ill. 

Fowler has himself hinted at the 
possibility of central bridging 
finance to ease ihe transfer from 
the old mental illness hospitals to 
community care when health 
authorities effectively find them- 
selves running two services at 
once. Astutely applied, -extra 
money could also avoid politically 

damaging closures such as that of 
St Marys teaching hospital in 
London, where the beafth.anthor- 
ity is having to dose the okl 
Harrow Road site before the new 
wing in Praed Street ope»& 

All this will be expensive. But if 
the Treasury does not deliver at 
least some of it, ministent are 

Israel— Thatcher’s land of promise 


Mrs Thatcher tomorrow becomes 
the first serving British prime 
minister to visit Israel. The visit is 
intended to restore British in- 
fluence after years of unpopularity 
dating back to the struggle by the 
Jewish underground against the 
British occupation forces before 
Israel's creation in 1948. 

A senior civil servant, helping to 
plan the visit, tells his own story of 
his role in that struggle. In 1946, 
when he was a baby, a British 
patrol searched his parents' house 
for arms. They found nothing. On 
the way out the officer in charge 
stopped to smile at the baby in his 
col unaware of the guns hidden 
under the mattress. 

The baby grew up with other 
heroic stories of bow the amateur 
army of Jews forced the British 
out of Palestine. Today he believes 
that defeat marked the beginning 
of the end of the British Empire. 
“They forgave others but did not 
fotgive us". 

That is why, he believes, it has 
taken so long for a British prime 
minister to visit Israel and why ft 
was only in January of this year 
that Shimon Peres became the 
first serving Israeli prime minister 
to visit Britain. 

True or not. it is almost 
impossibjc to talk to an Israeli 
about Britain without encounter- 
ing attitudes formed in the days of 
the Mandate and handed down to 
the next generation. 

They are ambivalent attitudes. 
Britain is admired for the Balfour 
Declaration of 1917 which gave 
the 2!ionist movement the hope of 
a Jewish state. But ft is also seen as 
having dragged its feet over 
Israel's creation and ultimately 
trying to slide out of its promise in 
order to appease the Arabs. 

On the other side of the coin 
Britain is well regarded for 
establishing the roads and services 
which made Israel a viable state 
from its inception and for provid- 
ing a model for a civil service and 

a people ofso varied a background 
the means of communicating with 
the outside world. 

But the emotional recollection 
of Britain as an occupying power 
has been a real factor in colouring 
Israeli interpretation of British 
actions and motives. The Foreign 
Office is deemed to be controlled 
by Arabists. dreaming of Bedouin 
nights under a desert sky. The 
tradition of Lawrence of Arabia is 
seen to have been carefully 
handed on to Glubb Pasha, 
founder of the Arab Legion, which 
stopped Israel capturing the Old 
Gfy of Jerusalem in the 1948 war 
of independence. 

Resentment was seen by David 
Ben-Gurion as Britain’s main 
reason for urging Israel in 1956 to 
fight Egypt over Suez. He wrote in 
his diary that this was “the height 
of British hypocrisy, with the 
desire to damage Israel being even 

stronger than the enmity towards 
the Egyptian dictator”. 

Anti-British feeling was at its 
most intense last Septonber when 
Britain — which maintains an 
arms embargo against Israel — 
signed a £3,000 million aircraft 
deal with Saudi Arabia and sold 
£270 million worth of military 
equipment to Jordan. At the same 
time Mrs Thatcher invited two 
Palestinians with PLO connec- 
tions to hold talks in London. The 
British ambassador was called in 
and lectured; Peres sent a furious 
protest to Downing Street. 

Then the two Palestinians re- 
fused to sign a pledge renouncing 
violence and recognizing IsraeL 
The meeting was called off and 
Britain was welcomed into the 
fold of those who bad seen the 
light about the PLO. Overnight 
relations began to improve. 

In January Peres was lionized 
during a tnp to London whim, 
according to all reports, the Pol- 
ish-born socialist and the 
Grantham free marketeer hit it off 
astonishingly wefl. She gladly 
agreed to a return visit 

Since then Mrs Thatcher has 
won further bonus marks by 
allowing the use of British bases 
for tiie American attack on Libya 
and by toughening the anti-terror- 
ist pact at the recent Tokyo 
summit. Although she has nothing 
concrete to offer in the way of 
peace proposals, she is assured of 

an enthusiastic welcome that 
would have been unthinkable last 

Ealrtier this month Sr Geoffrey 
Howe told the Commonsthat 
Britain was "in a period- of 
reassessment" over Middle East 
policy. The lag problem, be said, 
was the absence of “any effective 
group" to represent the Palest- 
inians. As port of thaL reass- 
essment Mrs Thatcher win cross 
into Arab east Jerusalem to meet 
leading West Bank Palestinians. 
From them she win learn at first 
hand their hopes .for self- 
determination, the frustrations of 
life uniter Israeli occupation and 
the true popularity of the PLO. 

The Palestinians have their own 
anti-British resentment but took 
hopefully to London for help. 
They believe Britain is doty bound 
to end the mess it created when it 
abandoned tire Mandate and that 
ft can put a brake on what they see 
as Washington’s blatantly pro- 
Israeli policy. 

With an existing excellent 
relationship with King Husain of 
ing with Israel and an open Ime to 
the White House, Mis Thatcher is 
probably better placed to launch a 
new Middle East initiative .than 
anyone else. Even partial success 
in Jerusalem would be a personal 
triumph helping to cancel out the 
Tories' recent electoral setbacks. 

public that the NHS has been safe 
in their hands. 

The author is social ' services 
correspondent o/The Times.' 

the moment arc unorthodox, and 
so I-chose a radical magazine to 
say them in." 

He dearly admires Ray Hon- 
eyford and has met him several 
times. The campaigns against the 
two men are similar, but there arc 
big differences between the two 
men. Honeyford has strong views 
on various aspects of multi- 
cultural education which he force- 
fully expresses. To many he seems 
to question its very value. . 

He spoke loudly of the educa- 
tional disadvantage to white chil- 
dren when they themselves 
become a minority, aigued aggres- 
sively against Asian families let- 
ting their children return to fbeir 
homeland during term and -in- 
sisted that “the roots of Mack 
educational failure are, in reality, 
located in West Indian family 
structure and values.” 

Savoy is a committed multi- 
cultural education teacher, though 

in an undogmatic way . He says "I 
am interested in effective educa- 
tion that brings tangible benefits 
to pupils, , that raises their stan- 
dards and increases their chances 
in an increasingly c omp e ti tive 

He is also much less .quirk tp 
offer or endorse fixed points of 
.view. Asked about HoneyfbnTs 
specific claims, he said: "tiny 
should be looked at' in a careful, 
objective manner.. The person 
malting them was an experienced 
and dedicated -headmaster with 
the interests of all his dnkfrenat 
heart” But he does not jump in to 

Similarly, on the issue of 
whether the eulture of the home- 
land should be taught in the 
classroom — raised by Sir Keith 
Joseph in tail vakdictoiy qieedi — 
Savery is hard to pin down. 
“These are not simple questions* 
What is important is that- all the 
issues involved be' looked at and 
freely debated.” 

This is the one point where 
Savery’s opinions settle and be- 
come firntiy fixed: freedom- of 
speech. If his views on educational 
policy arc fluid, those on the threat 
to free speech from the "anti- 
racist” lobby are most firmly held. 

“I would co mpare it to the 
purges of the McCarthy era in the. 
States, in the sense that everybody 
who is nola declared anti-racist is 
held to be a racist, just as those 
who were hot declared anti- 
communists were seen as com- 

"People brought up in the 
western liberal tradition now have 
difficulty combating this cast of 
mind, or the situation would 
never arise. There is a general 
uncertainty throughout society of 
which this is part. But -anything 
that restricts the. free exchange of 
views must surely be a danger for 
any community. 

Reporting to the South African 
Parliament on Tuesday, President 
Botha made, the '.comparison 
everyone had' been dreading. 
What he bad done to’ the ANC, he 
said, was no different from what 
President Reagan had done to 
ffrriaffi. The trouble with this • 
anaJogy is that h; is almost 
impossible to fruit The .Ameri- 
cans have denounced' the raid on 
Lusaka in the s t ron gest tcnnvfrut 
why. -is It more reprehensible to 
'bomb Mr Tambo and Mr Mbeke 
than to knock hell out of the 
Colonel? Why shouldn’t Botha, 
like Reagan, claim Vsetf-ddence" 
and the" dubious protection of 
Article 51 of the UN Charter? 

.You may say that the answer is 
obvious; the ANC are good guys 
fighting for liberty mm. justice; 
Gadafn is a crud, tinpot dictator 
and probably mad as weHTrue. 
.Yet Ihe ANC, like Gadaffi, is none 
too worried about Mowing, inno- 
cent people to bits; its thugs, like 
Gadaflfs, beat and burn oppo- 
nents; fiwHaffi, unlike Wpmie 
Mandela, has never talked of 
Wnging a petrol necklace round 
anyone's neck. 

Ah well, says, the liberal con- 
science, the good aim of ending 
o p pre s s i on in .South Africa easily 
justifies a little bloodshed. But tf 
that is so, dear. liberal, why doesn't 
the good end ofembing Gadaffi's 
activities justify a Little bloodshed 
as well? We rapidly stumble into 
this swamp jrf moral relativism 
and double .standards once we 
throw away the old rate book. 

~ Conventional international 
morality, as evolved from the 17th 
century onwards, proclaims that 
you. do not attack another stale 
unless you have declared war 
upon . it, when, certain . rules 
governing the (relatively) civilized 
conduct of hostilities came into 
play. We long ago abandoned any 
pretence at sacking to Ibis conven- 
tion ahd .periiaps, in the nuclear 
age, h is as well we did “lHegal" 
low-level violence is better than a 
formal war dial might endanger 
civilization ilsdf The trouble is 
that we have net managed to put 
any other, convention is. its Mace. 
Nowadays pretty, well anything 
goes because there, is nothing 
except subjectivesetf-justi&ation 
and brofe torce to go by. 

Thus Reagan bombed Libya (a) 
because dome something, any- 
thing, d ramatic about terrorism 
solved a domestic political prob- 
lem and (b) because the US was 
strong enough to get awry with ft. 
'Botha raided Zambia, Zimbabwe 
and Botswana because he too had 
a domestic political problem with 
hteri^ wing aid becaure nobody 
could stop him. 

. Both presumably gave -some 
consideration, however perfhno- 
tnry, to the costsrof upsetting allies 
and 1 mleihatiottal opinion. But 
neither, 1 would bet^ gave more 
than. a fleeting thought to .the 
propriety ofhis action m ethical or 
legal terms. In this sense both were 
irresponsible, though Reagan- was 
arguably more so in -that he gave 
Bdtha an exemplary excuse. . 

This Libyan analogy is a grcat 
nuisance tothose, especially in the 

US Congress, who are calling fo 
immediate economic sanctions 

against South Africa. Trns m argh 
.meats for sanctions remain- ex- 
actly as weak or. as strong as they 
were before the raids - nmessone 
prices .ihe position that the raws 
provide a . new . . argument for 
sanctions, as a punishment anua 
ri ffH qi M t to further malfe asa nce - 
But if punishment and detenenC 
are the justification of sanctions, 
why not punish the US, whose 
rfaim to self-defence against ter- 
rorism is no more valid than 
South Africa’s and whose presi- 
dent has said he may do it aga in? 
There are no honest answers to 
this question except that the ANC 
are fashionable men of violence 
and the US »too powerful to be 
pimishedi As for deterrence, the 
Libyan analogy gives the aro*. 
meat yet another twist,, specially 
for the benefit of the British. Some 
time before the raid on Libya, 
Washington pressed its allies .to 
Qtvfa ffi to behave by 
tntmriiictna a ioinl utwamme' of 

economic sanctions. This suggef; 
tion was predi c tably turned down 
by tbc Germans, who need L ibyan 
oU. the Italians, who feared repri- 
sals the Italian community 
in Libra, and the Frenk, who 
don’t like cooperating with other 
people, especially Americans. 

But the most vehement oppo- 
si tion came from the British who 

on Libya ^Si^C^Mioirweafth 
would , demand to know why 
Ofeffi was supposed to be so 
amenable to economic pressure 
when they had been saying for 
months that Botha was not. In 
other words, it was partly became 
of the British preoccupation with 
South Africa that the American^ 
resorted to militar y force. 

Now that the heat is on main for 
sanctions against South Africa the 
British government, imlifa» many 
of its critics, can at least take credit 
for appearing consistent It ap- 
posed sanctions in the one case 
and still opposes than as ada* 
mantly in the other. Bat the irony 
is that flu ar gumen t a gainst 
sanctions is actually not nearly as 
strong in the Libyan case as the 
South African. Trying to change 
Pretoria’s policies by external 
pressure is as open to the same real, 
objections as even sanctions 
woukl be evaded somehow, would 
stiffen Afrikaner resistance and, if 
they wor ked, would destroy afl 
hope of peaceful change along 
with destroying the economy. 

By contrast, tod we imposed aq 
oil boycott an Gadaffi by some 
noiMmlitary equivalent of des- 
troying his oil jetties, we might 
wefl have achieved rad pressure; 
Libya issmafl, the economy highly 
dependent an ail, its . raters less 
cohesive and determined than in 
South Africa. 

„■ Confronted : by this inconve- 
nient paradox, ft is hardly surprise 
ing that thcT Foreign Secretary, 
interviewed about the Botha raid, 
should -have brusquely dismissed 
the Libyan connection out of 
hand. But it is there all the same, 
and we have not heard the last of 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Waiter, this 
cork is wined 

Ian Murray 

A great deal of coverage is given 
these days to woes, but not much 
to the corks in wine bottles, so last 
week in our .offices we held a cork- 
testing session to give our readers 
some idea of the best corks now on 
the market The panel consisted of 
the Marquis- de Saint-Ure de 
Steatite, a -leading French cork 
importer, Ozzy Mandias, the -all- 
purpose: English wine, expert, 
Dnisilla Bouquet, Winewoman of 
the Year 1985; and the well- 
known PR man, Adrian Wardour- 
Stree^who set the ball rolling.. 

"Cbrk-talk is the last unexplored 
region of wine snobbery” Adrian 
told us. “If those who are unsure 
of ibemseh^wbeutafldiig about 
wine can fidl back on afrit of cork 
expertise, we may have made a big 
breakthrough. My masters, the 
Cork Marketing Board, want peo- 
ple to. think cork and talk cork! 
Monsieur le Marquis, what do yon 
make of this?” 

So saying, Adrian plunged a 
corkscrew into the top of a 1983 
Fleurie and expertly shattered the 
cork into a tlwusand fragments. 
The- Marquis lovingly cradled 
them m -his cupped hands. 

"It is a bourgeois cork,” he said. 

“Reliable, but boring and respect- 
able. I would not sit * next to this 
cork at dinner” 

“I agree," said Drusifla. 

"I disagree,” said Ozzy, taking a 
large swig from ihe bottle. "I think naoghty but nice.” 

“Whereas this,” continued the 
Marquis, staring idly ax Mandias 
and expertly removing the cork 
from a Gran Reserva Rioja, “is a 
btowsy, fall-blown Spanish cork. 
This cork is all woman. Fee] her 
waist She is good to the touch, 
this cork.” 

Drusina agreed, blushing. 

“I think tins Fleurie is very 
good,” said Mandias, taking an- 
other swig- The Maiquis swiftly 
removed the cork from, a Libyan 
sparkling white, and shuddered. 

“Now, here we have a cork with 
no breeding at all Where can tins 
wine have been dragged up? I bate 
to think. Cert on bauchon 

barbate, mes amis.” 

“I think this is the most boring 
party L have .ever been to,” said 
Ozzy Mandias, putting down an 
empty Fleurie bottle. “Look, Tve 
-got some other invitations in my 
pocket - let’s go on somewhere 

else and get happy!” “I agree,” 
said Drusifla une xp ectedly. ■ 
Fifteen minutes and a taxi ride 
later, we were all entering a small 
room somewhere in St James's, 
piled high with books and full of 

Taut! Well-constructed! and A' 
Trifle Fay Weldonish For My- 
Taste! , . 

“It’s the Booker Prize pre* 
selection party,” confided Ozzy to 
ns."Usually an amaring thrash.” 
A book flew past his bead followed 
by a ay of "Brooknor’s Last Sym- 
phony!” Ozzy opened a bottle of 
Gidteau Q ssa c he happened to. 
have on him and vanished into the- 
fray. The Marquis caught thecoriC 
“Mmm,” he said, an upwardly* 
mobile cork, this. Not much heart, 
but many career p r o spec ts ." The- 
new Iris Murdoch caught him on. 
the temple and he feni stunned, 
after which the party really took 
off Fragments of tare came to my 
ears: “This William Boyd has very 
little nose ...” 

“The Chateau Yquem of ther 
paperbocks ...” 

Try a snoutful of thiv 
D.M. White — over the top, ?, 
think.” “I agree" and “Whoops! 
This Joan Collins is a bit livefyT - 
“Right, on to the next party ?- 
said Ozzy Mandias, reappearing 
from the throng with a lady 
novelist in tow, and twenty min- • 
toes later we were all at the- 
preview party for some opera: 
festival or other. 

“Another forgotten piece we 
shall be presenting,” said ah 
earnest voice through a loud-' 
Weaker, “is The Italian Straw 

Bottle by Lambrusco " 

“Never mind about that!” cried 1 " 
Adrian, striding forward. “Here is-’ 
a forgotten crate of- Chateau^ 
Palmer - and ft’safl on the bouse|- 
For my money, one of the great ' 
codes of all timer 
In the ensuing melee 1 lost sight - . 
of our panel, apart from a glimpse - 
ofthe Marquisanging a duet witfe- 
Ozzy, untd I .came .free to fecei. 
with Adrian m Uk cloakroom, the- 
way place- where you could still . 

WWUIC. ~ j 

“Quite sensational, these corkC 
partus, rt!" be cried, sniffing whan 
looked like the bung from m 
Chfiteau Latour. I 

“I agree,** said a voice from 
underneath thecoato 1 

k>rJ»K> i : 

1 tit. -I iMfcS ^KlDA* MAY /i lVSb 


1 Pennington Street, London £1 9XN Telephone: 01-481 41 0Q 

W. ? . * .r - 


Colleges’gift horse down in mouth 

From the Vice-Chancellor of Sal- having magically^ found some 

^Seheatli yesterday’s pay 
.^ward&it is difficult to discern 
Anything . -more ■. than 
^Sentimentality, Schaden- 
freude, arid expedience. The 
^Government has played to the 
gallery. Perhaps it hopes that 
^taking an Aunt Sally . of the 
vmariduins win win applause; 
'toeing generous to nurses (with- 
rAut adequately compensating 
*he National Health Sendee 
legions that will have -to find 
She money for their pay) will 
purely make a good line in a 
^olitical speech. _ . 
i*. Fearful of. provoking 
resentments of the kind that 
-Surfaced last summer over 
^permanent secretaries' pay, the 
government has cut the top 
'people arid, in Mr Lawson's 
-phrase, been generous to the 
ftyHS. As a gesture in the 
present febrile climate of poli- 
tics, the package may hold 
-together. But it does so at the 
expense of discrediting the 
'salary review arrangements for 
these occupational groups and 
.storing up resentments. 

^‘The Government’s treat- 
jenent of the nurses borders on 
-tile sentimental. The case for 
■paying nurses more should 
fringe on hard facts of recruit- 
ment and retention. It should 
weigh the pretensions to pro- 
fessional status which nursing 

organizations are now making. 
Instead die case is made as the 
beneficent recognition by a 
“caring” government of the 
employees of the NHS. - 

Of course, the 
Government's generosity is 
qualified. The pay award is to 
be staged, lessening the impact 
on the annual aggregates. It is, 
-moreover, mostly tp be. fi- 
nanced by that wonderfully 
mobile variable of public 
-administration in the 1980s — 
“efficiency savings”. When in 
doubt, put in one of Mr David 
Stockman's celebrated as- 
terisks or chalk it up to 
unspecified efficiency savings. 

Last -year the Plowden 
Committee produced data on 
the Civil Service’s problems of 
retaining people (in grades 
several notches below that of 
permanent secretary), plus 
some airy notes on morale. 
What it did not do was make a 
convincing case for the scale of 
its awards. What was objec- 
tionable, too, was the general- 
ity of the awards in a 
managerial climate in which 
emphasis is rightly being put 
on individual performance. 

This year’s Plowden awards 
are less dramatic. To reject 
them, however. Ministers 
should produce, arguments. It 
really will not do to trade on 

the envious emotion that pub- 
- lie officials do not deserve high 
salaries; (because; by implica- 
tion, the State's service should 
be carried out by second-raters 
or for love). 

Mr Lawson's argument is a 
simple one: because they -got 
an award last year, they do not 
need the money this. What he 
Is really saying is that the 
public finances cannot afford 
to meet the review body 
recommendations. ■ No .argu- 
ment can be stronger. It does, 
however, call into question the 
existence of these disinterested 
committees making recom- 
mendations outside the con- 
text of available public money. 

Deciding levels of public 
service pay is bound up with 
budgetary and fiscal judge- 
ment It is thus inherently 
political. To farm judgements 
out to review bodies and then 
to override them because of 
superior Treasury wisdom or 
the political climate brings 
discredit on the process and 
gives rise to unfulfillable 
expectations. Far better to 
institute to ad hoc reviews of 
particular problems in recruit- 
ment to the public services and 
leave the politicians to make 
such use of the evidence as 
financial circumstance. allows. 


Unnecessary red tape deters 
enterprise "and reduces 
employment, not least because 
taking on a new worker wraps 
an employer in a web of costly 
responsibilities beyond the * 
need to provide a wage and 
decent conditions. The effect 

s generally recognized a 
decade ago. But ingrained 
habits in WhitehaU . and 
Westmister have still not 
really changed. 

--That is thp rationale behind 
Lord Young's programme to 
'^eed out over-regulation and 
antique -restrictions and -to 
make it simpler for business to 
comply with the genuine ‘ de- 
fends imposed by legislation. 
£ven judged l>y such^mpa- 
tbetic standards, however, 'the 
upbeat ■ presentation cannot 
disguise the disappointing 
d&ntents of the latest deregula- 
tion White Paper.- 

..There are some practical 
and useful ideas such as allow- 
ing minor changes of use of 
shops and offices without 
planning permission. But the 
numbers game has taken over. 
Lord Young’s first White Pa- 
^ver had 80 proposals. The new 
one has 81- Many, it must be 
said, are the same proposals. 
Each department has clearly 
had to fill its quota of ideas, 
some of which are piffling and 
others more for Civil Service 
than business convenience. 

The Department of Employ- 
ment claims that the 80 pro- 
posals in the first package have 
been implemented. That is an 
interesting use of language, 
dhe of the most important 
njeasures promised in the 
previous package was the in- 
troduction of the Stops Bill. It 
whs indeed introduced. As a 
result, the Home Secretary 
LTade it clear earlier this week 

that he would not be respon- 
sible for a job-creating BUI to 
relax public house opening 
hours, another proposal in the 
last package. 

The department has also 
“implemented” its proposal to 
set up an Enterprise and 
Deregulation Unit to vei leg- 
islative proposals. That is 
sorely needed. Yet while Lord 
Young was limbering up to 
propose that initiative, his 
Cabinet colleagues were push- 
ing through two items of 
legislation that have caused 
more bother and alarm to 
small businesses than afl the 
red tape he has- swept -away: 
The chaos caused- by imf 
pigmentation of the 1 984 Data 
Protection Act became fidly 
apparent as the. deadline for 
registration of hundreds of 
thousands of businesses came 
and went, while the tougher 
regulations on VAT collection 
in the 1985 Finance Act have 
caused countless sleepless 
nights among perfectly honest, 
small businessmen. 

Against that harsh reality, 
the White Paper proposals on 
these topics are something of a 
joke. On data protection, for 
instance, the first package last 
July suggested “arranging for 
the Registrar to report to the 
Home Office on the impact of 
the Act on businesses once 
there is sufficient experience of 
the way it works Those 
arrangements will not be folly 
in place until 1987. The new 
White Paper suggests that the 
Registrar’s research “will con- 
sider whether any admin- 
istrative changes can be made 
to assist businesses, such as the 
development of simplified 
registration forms”. 

That, at least, shows the 
potential importance of the 
new unit to vet legislation. 


Dr Andrei Sakharov, the No- 
bel peace prize winner and 
Soviet human rights cam- 
paigner. passed his 65th birth- 
day yesterday in lonely exile in 
Gorky. His. wife, Yelena Bon- 
ner, spent the day on the other 
sftfe of the world in Wash- 
ington. preparing to return to 
tfie Soviet Union after 
recuperating from heart sur- 

Their separation was de- 
need by the authorities in 
Moscow who rarely permit 
sppuses to travel abroad to- 
gether, preferring to keep one 
hostage to ensure the return of 
the other. Bui Dr Sakharov is a 
special sort of hostage. Mos- 
cow has .refused, over more 
than a decade, even to enter- 
tain the idea of his leaving the 
country. His wife, moreover. 
u=is permitted to leave for 
nicdical treatment only on 
condition that she divulge 
nothing about her husband’s 
plight. For six months she has 
been silent; her reward -to be 
itmited with her husband in 
joint exile. . 

That . is the private tragedy. 
But Dr Sakharov, despite his 
isolation and also because of it, 
is-a public figure, and a player 
the very public drama of 

East-West relations. This is 
Chy his 65th birthday has been 
the occasion for pleas from 
many quarters in the We» “ 
from the US Congress, from 
l the- West German government 

and from British par- 
liamentarians, to name but a 
few — that Dr Sakharov and 
his wife should be able to leave 
the Soviet Union. Such a 
gesture would do more than 
anything else to salvage the 
Soviet leader's tarnished 
reputation abroad following 

It is a thought which poli- 
ticians with international in- 
fluence would do well to 
ponder in coming weeks. In- 
deed, they may already be 
doing so. It is noteworthy that 
the US administration has 
been unusually sensitive in its 
most recent statements on 
relations with the Soviet 
Union, especially in the area of 
human rights. Moreover the 
presence of Yelena Bonner in 
the United States has not been 
overly exploited to score 
points even though her stay 
was extended through D>r 
Sakharov’s birthday. She ad- 
dressed congressional leaders. 
She did not meet the Presi- 

Similar treatment was ac- 
corded to the Soviet Union's 
most celebrated emigrant of 
recent years, Anatoli 
Shcharansky. His reception by 
the US Jewish community - 
and, indeed, by all those 
concerned with human rights 
in. the Soviet Union — was 
jubilant. His reception at the 
White House took place be- 
hind closed doors. While Mr 

Shcharansky was counselling 
against over-reliance on “quiet 
diplomacy”, the President's 
office, so it seemed, was being 
carefol not to rile Moscow. 

In the coming week there 
will be a further opportunity 
for Dr Sakharov's case to be 
pressed. A senior British par- 
liamentary delegation, led by- 
Lord Whitelaw and including 
among others Mr Denis 
Healey, will be in Moscow for 
talks with officials of the 
Supreme Soviet- 

Parliamentary exchanges 
are often only formalities, but 
sometimes ihey are more. 
Eighteen months ago Mikhail 
Gorbachov visited Britain at 
the head of just such a delega- 
tion. Officially, he was in 
Britain as chairman of the 
Soviet legislature's foreign af- 
fairs commission- He was also 
being groomed for the leader- 
ship and gauging the foreign 
policy mood in Britain. 

During that visit, the British 
side appealed for four Soviet 
dissenters to be allowed to 
emigrate. One of these was Dr 
Sakharov. The present visit to 
Moscow, which is in direct 
exchange for the one by Mr 
Gorbachov to Britain in 1984 
and comes at an especially 
delicate point in East-West 
relations, provides an 
opportunity for that appeal to 
be pressed - perhaps, could it 
be hoped.' to a successful 

Much of the purpose of Lord 
Young’s programme is to nag 
and educate Whitehall into a 
different mode of thought that 
gives the efficiency of business 
a higher priority, so that other 
departments will not need to 
be monitored. It is important, 
nonetheless, for the pro- 
gramme to learn from past 

The most significant and 
controversial group of pro- 
posals in the latest White 
Paper are those for further 
relaxation of the employment 
protection laws,, particularly 
these to deter frivolous claims 
for unfair dismissal, to exempt 
more small firms from the 
obligation : to keep mothers’ 
• jobs open -after childbirth, and 
to raise ihe threshold of hours 
. worked for employees to qual- 
ify for (he main employment 
rights. • 

These changes would un- 
doubtedly make more employe 
ers happier to - take on new 
workers and would improve 
the labour market by making it 
more flexible. But they would 
for instance, introduce de facto 
discrimination against women 
workers and give a hidden 
incentive for employers to 
push more people into part- 
time jobs that might not be 
capable ofsupporting a family. 

They also point to a more 
transatlantic pattern, where 
companies employ a few key 
permanent employees and 
many more floating casual 
workers rather than to the 
German/Japanese model that 
lies behind the Chancellor's 
recent proposals for profit- 
sharing. Such reforms may 
well be useful but it would be a 
mistake to attempt to push 
them through merely in the 
cause of deregulation.. 

ford University 

: Sir. Your article of today (“Soutb- 
■ em universities gain from radica l 
grants review". May 21) suggests 
that only “eighteen universities 
and colleges are to suffer spending 
cuts in the next academic year”. 
Would that were so. With, a +1.1 
per cent change in its basic grant 
this university is the closest to the 
average (+1 per cent) for the 
system as a whole. Next year we 
will have a deficit of at least 
£800,000 since an increase of l.'l 
.percent in cash terms represents a 
decrease in real terms of approxi- 
mately 4 per cent. 

Put another way, at least 35 staff 
posts will have to be lost from a 
UGC-fanded total of 980 in order 
to meet the problems that wiO face 
us in 19S7 and beyond. Sir Keith 
Joseph has said that he (or his 
successor?} might be able to find 
some more money then for 
universities where there is “ev- 
idence of real progress" such as 
“the development of the policy of 
selectivity- and the rationalisation 
and where appropriate closure of 
small departments, better finan- 
cial management and improved 
standards of teaching". 

Since 1981 this university has 
tost i 35 academic and 295 other 
staff: closed four small depart- 
ments; increased the fraction of its 
non-UGC income from 16 per 
cent to 41 per cent; seen the 
number of first-class degrees 
awarded to its students rise by 58 
per cent and the value of research 
contracts per foil-time member of 
academic staff more than treble. 
Why should I (or anyone else) 
believe a word Sir Keith Joseph 
(or his successor?) says? 

Youis sincerely. 


University of Salford, 

Salford, Greater Manchester. 

From Dr Michael Greenhalgh 
Sir, So Sir Keith Joseph will leave 
his post in a Naze of triumph. 

To them that have 

From the Rev M. A. Wimshurst 
Sir, A minister’s view of Wands- 
worth from Putney (feature, May 
13) is very different from that of a 
vicar in Battersea. 

Many Putney babies, aban- 
doned by their fathers, are re- 
housed, not in Mr MeUor’s 
constituency but on our Battersea 
high-rise estates. In Putney house- 
holders have indeed reaffirmed, 
by their recent vote, that they are 
not prepared to pay more than 
their present £1.27 a week rate for 
all the sendees provided by 
Wandsworth Council — parks, 
swimming pools, libraries, social 
services, boosing, roads and refuse' 
collection. Houses in Putney have 
increased in value fourfold in the 
last eight years. - 

The last census revealed that 
over 40 per' cent of those who live 
on our Battersea high-rise estates 
are under 24. On these estates, 

Lawyers’ fees 

From the Chairman of the Crim- 
inal Bar Association 
Sir. In his latest article (May 21) 
about the legal profession, Mr 
Aiastair Bren suggests that the 
Bar's present exclusive rights of 
audience will cost the public purse 
more than if solicitors shared 
those rights in the Crown Court, 

We now have dear evidence 
relating to one area of work which 
is to the contrary. The Crown 
Prosecution Service will need to' 
use banisters and solidtors in 
private practice to conduct whole 
list work in the magistrates’ 
courts. Instructions have been 
given that the fee to counsel 
should be a national minimum of 
£60 for a halfday and £85 fora full 

Citizens 9 trust 

From Lord Kilmarnock 
Sir. As mover of the SDP Policy 
Committee’s motion on profit- 
sharing and wider share owner- 
ship at our recent meeting at 
Southport, may I correct the 
impression conveyed by Mr 
Gravil's remarks as reported un- 
der the headline. “Trust plan 
approval" (May 19)? 

The amendment carried against - 
the platform by the Council for 
Social Democracy only requires 
“the ownership of public-sector 
enterprises'’ to be vested in a 
citizens' trust. There is no 
commitment to extend this to the 
private sector. 

Indeed, an earlier amendment 
which would have had this effect 
was defeated decisively. Nor is 
there any commitment to fond 
welfare through a social dividend 
rather than through general tax- 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

May 19. 

Hospital cuts 

From the Chairman of the North 
Fast Essex Health Authority 
Sir. There are obviously’ many 
different arguments over .health 
services financing but I would like 
to correct the misleading inter- 
pretation of Dr Durance (May 21) 
who is one of many dedicated - 
consultants providing valuable 
services in my health authority. 

We in North East Essex have 
benefited from a brand new 
district general hospital, built at a 
cost of £16 million, of which the 
whole community is rightly 
proud. We have received £7.3 
million per annum to improve our 
acute services and over the last 
y ear we have treated 3,500 extra 
cases, a 13 per cent increase in 

This has been achieved by 
rationalising hospital beds, mak- 
ing better use of them and 
increasing day surgery. We have 

money for foe universities! After 
'months of planning for cots; and 
within days of a letter from the 
University Grants Committee 
notifying us of cots, up rides lire 
Secretary of State for Education, 
like the US Cavalry, and replaces 
an unacceptable pou<9 with chaos. 

A substantial proportion of my 
own time — and, I am sure, that of 
colleagues here and in other 
■universities — has been taken dp 
with the kind of nebulous plan- 
ning that this Government consid- 
ers suitable for education. How 
much better it would have been 
had that time been spent on 

fr-arhing OUT SttldentS and .pUTSU- 

ing research! ’ 

Yours faithfully, - 

University of Leicester, 

Department of the History of Ait, 

University Road, Leicester. 

From Professor N. Hampson 
Sir, You have got it wrong once 
again: “Joseph wins more cash for 
universities” (headline. May 19). 
Sir Keith is not, as.I understand it, 
proposing to increase the grant to 
the universities but merely to 
reduce it by less than he had 
originally intended. We must be 
thankful for small mercies, but 
things are not actually going to get 
better, they will merely stop 
getting worse. 

Yours faithfully, 


Univereity of York, 

Department of History, 

Heslington, York. 

From Mr Michael G. Taylor _ 

Sir, I wonder if the present 
Government, would have en- 
couraged Newfon to con- 
tinue his rese ar c h work on 
gravity? Or would they have 
advised him to sell apples instead? 
Yours faithfully, 


6 St Catherines Court, 

Clarence Road, 

Windsor, Berkshire. 

rents have been raised 400 per 
cent in the last decade, crippling 
those on low/medium wages and 
the unemployed with savings. 

The recent electionwas indeed a 
triumph for Mr MeUor’s brand of 
politics; it was also a humiliating 
indictment of the ineffectiveness 
of the Ch ristian barbing in our 
local churches. 

My congregation believes that a 
council’s record should not be 
judged solely by how much it 
benefits wealthy individuals, bat 
by hawmuch it rehabilitates the 
poor, and promotes the mutual 
welfare of the whole community. 
How do we open the eyes and 
. hearts of our friends in Pnttrey? 
Yours sincerely, 

(Parish of St Peter and St Paul, 
Clapham Junction, Battersea), . 
St Peter’s Vicarage, 

21 Plough Road, SWll. 

May 13. 

So far as we are aware, in those 
parts of the country in which the 
service is already operating these 
are the fees which are bang 
offered. (The Bar sought a mini- 
mum of £70 an d £120 respec- 

Our information is that the 
instructions with regard to solic- 
itors are that they may be paid up 
to £125 for a half day. We believe 
that the “going rate” for solicitors 
is around £100 for a half day. 

No doubt these figures reflect, in 
part at least, the fact that solicitors 
have higher overheads than bar- 
risters. However, in terms of cost 
to the public purse they speak for 

MICHAEL HILL, Chairman, 
Criminal Bar Association, 

3 Temple Gardens, • 

Temple, EC4. . . 

A vintage ran 

From Professor Christopher Riley 
Sir, I was delighted to read Miles 
Kington’s piece upon supermarket 
trolleys (May 14). Sadly he made 
no mention of the unfortunate 
change which has come about as 
the trolley has developed over the. 

The centre of gravity has moved 
rearwards as the size has in- 
creased, and the delight that one . 
had in leaping aboard a full trolley 
with both feet on to the rear 
bottom crossrail to see how far it 
was possible to steer the thing 
before coming to rest or running 
into the display shelves has gone. 

My longest run. on a vintage 
trolley, was about 15 yards in 
Sainsbuiy’s. The floor surface was 
dry. the air conditioning was 
switched off (so there was no 
following wind) and the run took 
place at tea time. Can anyone 
belter this? 

Yours faithfully, 

University of Nottingham, 
Department of Architecture, 
University Park. Nottingham. 

also, contrary to the impression 
given by Dr Durance, increased 
the number of consultants we 
employ. Additional consultants 
have been recruited to the special- 
ties of radiology, general medi- 
cine, urology* anaesthetics, 
orthodontic surgery, ophthalmol-' 
ogy, geriatric medicine,, 
psychogeriatrics, ear nose and 
throat surgery and gynaecology. 

The so-called vacancies to 
which Dr Durance refers are, with 
only one exception, posts which - 
would have involved yet more 
additional staff and that we have 
decided we ■ cannot afford at 
present. A slowing of the rate of 
expansion is not a cut. 

.All this has been achieved at a 
time when we have made great 
strides in improving the priority 
services, notably in care for men- 
tally handicapped and elderly 
people. We have spent £3 million 
in providing local community 

Heroes of their 
chosen fields? 

From Mr Graham Chainey 
Sir, Ian Botham, like many other 
sport and entertainment personal- 
ities, may be hero-worshipped, but 

to call him "a hero m every 
sporting sense of that word" 
(leading article. May 19) shows 
only to what extent the word has 
been debased. 

Heroism, in any tru e sense , 
implies the relegation of penonai 
benefitto that ofa wider awft 
risking of the individual for the 
welfare of the many. Technical 
mastery is. subordinated to self- 
mastery, the . heroi c exa mple 
inspiring others to ^grea ter life 
Perhaps am/mg the firefighters of 
Chernobyl were many heroes. 

- Today, we are e mbarras sed by 
thaL Our . heroes of old are re- 
examined to see if they did not 
have feet of day, while in their 
place we promote figures who 
reveTiCaadiaty in their own defects 
and motives. . 

On all sides we . see the 
idolisation of those whose tech- 
nical discipline is accompanied by 
chaotic private life, whose vic- 
tories are achieved tbroi%h tan- 
trums, whose aim . at bottom is 
self-promotion, who are more 
keen to extract from their chosen 
field to give to it, and whose 
imitation is more often fix' the 
worse than the better. The cult of 
the celebrity replaces the kudos of 
the hero. 

They may loom large in the 
public consciousness, fait let us 
not delude ourselves as to what 
they are and are. not 
Yours faithfully, - 

47 St Barnabas Road, 


May 19.. . 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Mrs Ann Harper 
Sir, Pearce Wright’s article (Spec- 
trum, May 12) raises many im- 
portant points and not least the 
matters of international control 
and die considerable variances in 
safety regulations regarding nu- 
clear energy. The article abo.calls 
the International Atomic Energy 
Authority (IAEA) a “paper tiger*, 
but goes on to talk about the heed 
for member countries to agree to 
give the organisation the power to 
take initiatives. 

I would folly support the arga - . 
ment that, in keeping with the 
intentions of the UN Charter, 
both the IAEA and, indeed,, all 
parte of the United Nations 
system need strengthened man- 
dates -if their effectiveness is . to 
oowI Tbople often complain that 
the UN has “failed" to do this, 
that, or the oth^r thing . But who 
are .the United Nations? Quite 
simply .and. ultimately ibe~.-I59 
member states. If they are willing 
to use the UN properly and to 
agree adequate mandates, then 
very, important results can be 

I would thus urge a massive 
upsurge of public insistence, 
through the United Nations 
Association and others, that our 
Government takes a lead in 
seeking the strengthening of the 
UN —a process to which it hardly 
seems committed at the present 

Yours sincerely, 


The Cottages, 

Church Lane, 


May 16. .. £.. ’ 

Single European Act 

From Mr William Cash. MP for 
Stafford (Conservative) 

Sir, Sir Frederick Catherwood, 
MEP, writes (May 13) on the basis 
that the House of Commons did 
not know about the Single Euro- 
pean Act until the arrival of the 
European Community (Amend- 
ment) BiO. This is absolute 

On Wednesday, March 5, 1986, 
the main five-hour debate m the 
House of Commons concerned 
the Single European Act. Indeed, 
the . Government accepted an 
Opposition amendment which 
called for more effective scrutiny 
.of. proposals arising from the. 
many amendments to the basic 
European Community Treaties 
which would flow from its adop- 

During that debate, there was 
frequent re fer ence to the special 
report (HC264 of 85/86) of the 
Select Committee on EEC Legisla- 
tion of which I am a member. This 
dealt in detail with the single 
European Act and was published 
on February 26, right weeks before 
the second reading of the Euro- 
pean Communities (Amendment) 
Bill itself cm April 23. 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Commons. 

May 15. ; 

unite for the mentally handi- 
capped and £7 million in new 
developments at Oacton Commu- 
nity Hospital 

These extra resources have been 
properly planned with the full 
involvement and agreement of 
senior medical staff in this district 
dearly we would all like to do 
more but, as Mr Berriman rightly 
says (May 15), the challenge is to 
use the resources we have most 
effectively. That Sir is wfeal we 
have done. 

I disagree with Dr Durance’s 
assertion that the garden is less full 
of roses. We have pruned ju- 
diciously and planted many more 
in well prepared soti. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 
JOHN MINTER, Chai rman 
North East Essex Health 

Turner Road, 

Colchester, Essex. 

May 21. 


MAY 23 1859 

The writer of this article was £5. 

Delias (1828-79) far many years a 
major contributor of book rmieus 
and obituaries during the 
editorship cf Delane. The Times 
hat a specidinterest in Trollope *s 
Barchester nonets fir in than d is 
satirised under the tide of the 
Jupiter"*.. None but the fools 
doubt the wisdom of the Jupiter? ! 
none but the mad dispute its 

... at the present moment one 
writer in England is paramount 
above all others, and hta name is 
Trollope. He is at the top of the 
tree; he stands alone; there a 
nobody to he compared with him. 
He writes faster than we can real, 
and the more that the pensive 

puuuc rcau» uk ■■ - — r 

to read. Mr. Anthony Trollope u, 
in fact, the most fertile, the most 
popular, the most successful author 
— » to say, of the circulating 

library sort. . . There are people 
who find Mr. Thackeray too 
thoughtful and Mr. Dickens too 
mimxte, who are tired of dandy fare 
and curious wines, who have had 
enough of the heavenly manna, and 
who long tor the flesh-pots of 
Egypt. Mr. Trollope is the very 

man for them. There »b no pretence 
flbnffittqrn. mukarnminy. HO effort. 

He is always clever, often amusing, 
BonMtimea even gre at, or ve ry near 

fecufty'kTgW 8ensR I ?? 0 Hfa1rtyla 
is the very opposite of melodramat- 
ic; it is pi«in and straighlXuiwaid, 
utteriy devoid of ia the 
style of a man who has a good deal 
to say, who can afford to Bay it 
simply, who does not attempt to 
a sto ni sh, and who is content to 
give his readers innocent and 
rational amusement. . . 

Perhaps Mr. TroBope carries his 
aversion from everything melodra- 
matic to an extreme, and though he 
errs on the right side, still he ero. 
The essence of melodrama is 
surprise. The situations axe unex- 
pected; the characters are doing 
things far which we were not 
prep a red; passions are evoked 
which are not justified fay the bets, 
and — Mtimuta ore expressed 
which hove no relation to the 
ducumstanceB. Ev er y t h ing, in 
short, is a surprise. Mr. Trollope, 
on this other hand, has vowed that 
there nhntl be no surprises in his 
novels. The characters shall be 
naturally evoked; the mckfants 
nhyiT grow out of each other; the 
passion shall not be exaggerated, 
and the sentiment shall veritably 
belong to ' the 'event But in 
determmxng thus to show cause for 
every effect arid a sufficient mo- 
tive for every act arid word, Mr. 
Trollope seems at times to be too 
anxious to avoid startling results; 
afraid lest the reader should be 
taken unawares, ~he fats out his 
secret too soon, and fang before he 
has laid down his fines at action he 
forewarns us of what is to happen 
— what is to be the joyous 
consummation or thediMiial catas- 
trophe which is the intended result 
of afl his plana .. 

Mr. Trollope's first work was 
entitled The Warden, and when we 
give a skeleton of the story it will be 
seen that in the very outset of his 
career as a novelist he determined 
to shun the system of d epe nd ing 
upon surprises — Strange struc- 
ture of a tale! The bloody villain 
and arch-diabohs of the story 
attacks the hero of the piece; the 
hero yields at mice in his own 
mind; friends by to rouse his 
courage, but in vain; hie yields, and 
more than yields — he gives his 
daughter away to the enemy, and 
makes peace with him for ever. On 
this slight thread Mr. Trollope has 
managed to hang a great deaf of 
interest, limiting bis tale to the 
dhnpniriona of a single volume. The 
characters are well dra wn — 
i niti«r thaw finished por- 
traits, but still lifelike. . . 

Of Mr. TroUope’s next novel, 
Barchester Towers, we gave some 
account whan it appeared about 
two years ago. It is a continuation 
of the Btoxy of The Warden, the 
same characters being introduced 

with the a d di t i on of others, and the 
author depending for fads success 
not so much on what is done in the 
way of action, as in showing vividly 
the manner in which it is done. We 
are interested in the characters, 
and for their sakes take pleasure in 
the action, which is, again, of the 
most commonplace description. 
Mr. Trollope takas such action as 
occurs in the experience of every- 
day life — action which is so much 
the reverse of strange and improba- 
ble that any one leading the most 
placid exi s ten c e must be able to 
trump it with something far mare 
stirring from his daily life. But by 
the elucidation of character hie 
invests his commonplace incidents 
with remarkable attractions, and 
makes us all fed that we, too, must 
be acting such romances to intelli- 
gent on -lookers. In this case most 
of the personages with whom we 
form an acquaintance are of the 
tribe of Levi — bishops and priests, 
their wives and their children, 
their man-servant and their maid- 
servant, then: ox and their ass. We 
axe entirely in the clerical worid, 
and are amused with its sacred 
loves and rig h te o u s hatreds, ha 
canonical talk, Ha red-letter inci- 
dents, and its apostolical charac- 
ters. ... To those who are in the 

habit of reeding novels it is 
unnecessary to say that Me. Trol- 
lope Hone of the most amusing of 
authors. . . 

Forward march 

From Mr David Littaur 
Sir, Following Simon Rattle’s 
acclaimed “Aprts 1’Aprts Midi" 
concerts, may I suggest “Avant 
I Avant Garde" as a title for his 
next series? 

Yours faithfully, 

David uttaur, 


24 Stormont Road, 

Highgate, N6. 

May 1(5. 

h f: 

i~ i i 

; FT' 

fv m 
f I 







May 22: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips this evening 
a it ended the Annual Banquet of 
the Royal Academy of Arts at 
Burlington House. London. W I. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President of the 
Academy (Mr Roger dc Grey) 
and the" Secretary (Mr Piers 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
.in attendance. 

^Mav 22: The Prince of Wales, as 
Great Master of the Most 
Honourable Order of the Bath, 
this morning attended the Ser- 
vice of the Order in West- 
minster Abbey and was present 
at the Installation of Knights of 
the Most Honourable Order, 
which look place in King Henry 
Vfl's Chapel, the Chapel of the 

His Royal Highness this after- 
noon opened the new Plant 
Centre at Exbury Gardens. 

The Prince of Wales travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Sir John Riddell. Bt was in 

His Royal Highness, Colonel- 
in-Chief, ’ The Gordon High- 
landers. this evening at 
Kensington Palace received 
Lieutenant-Colonel George 
Kennedy upon relinquishing 
command of the 1st Battalion. 

The Princess of Wales arrived 
at Newcastle Central Station in 
the Royal Train this morning. 

Her Royal Highness, Presi- 
dent. Dr Bamardo's. sub- 
sequently visited the Ed hill 
Intermediate Treatment Centre, 
South Shields. Tyne and Wear. 
Afterwards the Princess of 
. Wales opened the new premises 
of the North East Council on 
Addictions at i. Mosley Street. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Viscountess Campden anf 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Ay lard, RN. later returned 
. to London in an aircraft of the 
Queen's FlighL 
The Prince of Wales. Presi- 
" dent. The Prince's Trust, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this evening attended the 
premiere of the film Biggies in 
aid of the Trust and the Royal 

Air Force Benevolent Fund at 
the Empire Theatre, Leicester 

Miss Anne Beckwrt h-Sm ith. 
Mr David Roycroft and Mr 
Victor Chapman were in 

May 22: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon today 
visited Edinburgh and was re- 
ceived on arrival at Royal Air 
Force Turn house by the Lord 
Lieutenant for the City of 
Edinburgh (Dr John McKay. 
The Right Hon The Lord 

Her Royal Highness presided 
at the Annual General Meeting 
of the Royal Scottish Society for 
Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren which was held at the City 
Chambers. Edinburgh, this 

The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
the Hon Mrs Wills. 

May 22: Princess Alice. Duchess 
of Gloucester. Extra Dame 
Grand Cross of the Most 
Honourable Order of the Bath, 
ibis morning attended the Ser- 
vice of the Order in West- 
minster Abbey and was present 
at the Installation of Knights of 
the Most Honourable Order, 
which took place in King Henry 
VH's Chapel, the Chape) of the 

In the evening Her Royal 
Highness. Patron, the Girls' 
Public Day School Trust, was 
present at a recital given by 
Alfred Brendei in aid of South 
Hampstead High School at St 
John's. Smith Square. London. 

Mrs Michael Harvey was in 

The Duke of Gloucester today 
opened Blue Circle Industries' 
new headquarters at Portland 
House. A I derm as ion. Berkshire. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

May 22: Princess Alexandra this 
afternoon opened Kay Court, 
the new residential home of the 
Jewish Blind Society at 368 
Finchley Road. London, NW3. 

Her Royal Highness sub- 
sequently visited Waverley 
Manor in Hendon. NW4. the 
Home for the Elderly admin- 
istered by the Friends of the 
London Jewish HospitaL 

Lady Mary Fitzalan-Howard 
was in attendance. 

Memorial services 

Judge Sir Thomas Williams. 

The Lord Chancellor was repre- 
sented by the Hon Mazy Hogg 
and the Speaker by Mr Ernest 
Armstrong. MP. at a memorial 
service for Judge Sir Thomas 
Williams. QC held on Wednes- 
day in the Chapel of Lincoln's 
Inn, The Rev Feta Boyse 
officiated and Mr Michael 
Wheeler. QC Treasurer of 
Lincoln's Inn, read the lesson. 
Among others present w e re. 

Lady WlBtams (widow). Mr David EH 
w taunts won). Mn Sun waum 

Etwyn HarttesT I^TdAyn Ha ■ hi, 


Harries. Mr 

Mm V Sayers. 

Lord Etwyn-Janas. CH. Lord I 

Lord DunOoyne. Lord and 

Edmxmd -Davies. Lord OHver a t 
Aytmevton. Lord Renton. QC. Lard 
Justice Bakomlx. Sir Hi 

MR. the 

ton. un Rtmon. u- mra 

Bale ora be. Sir Robert 
it. Sir Denys Buckley. Sir 
l CvcteMh. Mr Alfred Morris. 

Edward Evelei gh. M i 
“ ifS? Justice Mervyn Davies; 

Pitt. Mr Justice 

The Archbishop of Canterbury with the Patriarch of 
Jerusalem, His Beatitude Diodorus, of die Greek Orthodox 
Church, at Lambeth Palace yesterday after Dr Rnnde had 
been presented with the Cross of the Order of the Holy Sep- 
ulchre for his work towards unity of the churches. 

Mr Justice Easnura. Mr Jt- 
Mr Justice McNeill. Mr 
Warner. Mr Justice .. 

(John) Osborn. Sir 

l aw. Sir David Lldderdale. _ 

Charles Ftetcter-Cooiie. QC. Sfr Irvine 
»». S»r John Pane. MP shwer- 
~ utter C tauuiHtee . Inter- 

■ UnSstni and Lady Pag* 

with Mr David Crouch. MP <ttudr- 

Mr ILF. Pars I»n 
A memorial service for Mr 
Horace Parehall was held yes- 
terday at the Grand Priory 
Church- of St.John, St John's 
Square, EC1. The Rev Dr 
B.A.C. Kirk-Duncan, Chaptain 
of the order, officiated- Major- 
General Earl Cathcart. Lord 

Prior of Si John,- read from the 
works of Canon Henry Scott 
Holland and Lord NewaQ, Mas- 
ter of the Merchant Taylors' 
Company, read . the lesson- 
Lieutenant-General Sir William 
Pike. Bailiff Grand Cross of the 
Order, gave an address. Among 
others present were: 

Mrs ParshaO ■ fwldowX Mr Hl 
P arsttaD nan). Mbs Sarah BraMU 
and Dr Alice ParshaU (damtoteru. Mrs 
John Porslull idaugMcrA-taw). Mr 
and Mrs C Wynne GrtffUItt and Mrs A 
Stewart isteo daughters). Mr and Mrs 
Timothy Eugster MtwwHn-B w and 
step-daughter!, Me Peter ParsteH. Mr 

iscep- ora ndet il klreiiL Mr and 

Mrs Manuel Or era (urother-ln-taw 
and tester). Mr and' M 



Composer in the English 
choral tradition 

Mrs James 

national I 

Retgaic. Lord Cacao. Lord Cray 
Naunton. Sir Jatm Stephenson. 

Hon Mrs Marr-Jotmson. (be Hob Sir 

wmmup. BPUL Mr Donald 

Anderson. MP Tvfce-rfwiriruc^. Cagj 

rain and Mrs Pdrr Shaw. 

Anthony Oaksbott. the Hon Lady 
(Cordelia) Varmeck- the Hon Penelope 
HarbonTHamnioad. Lady Gunteon. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Kenneth Allen, 79; Sir 
Edwin .Arrow smith. 77; Sir Da- 
vid Barren. 74; Sir Mathew 
Campbell. 79; Sir Hugh Casson. 
CH. 76; Miss Joan Collins, 53: 
Mr Denis Compton. 68; Air 
Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Con- 
stantine. 78; Sir Samuel Curran. 
74; Mr Nigel Davenport. 58: 
Viscount De L'Isle, VC 77; Dr 
Alec Dickson. 72: Mr Marius 
Goring. 74; Major-General I. R. 
Graeme. 73: Lord Grenfell. 51; 
Mrs Margery Hurst. 73: Mr 
Anatoly Karpov. 35: Dr John 
Lyons. 54: Mr Humphrey 

Lyttelton, 65; Mr Michael 
McCrum. 62; Mr John 
Newcombe. 42; Mr Peter Pres- 
ton. 48; Mr Robert Sangster, 50; 
Mr Jack Steinberg. 73; Mr 
Arthur Woo Her. 74. 

Inner Temple 

Mr John Bedford Deby, QC. Mr 
Anthony Arthur Richard 
Thompson. QC. and Mr Nicho- 
las Walter LyelL. QC, have been 
elected Masters of the Bench. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend a recep- 
tion in connection with the 
eleventh Conference of Acade- 
mies and Academic Associ- 
ations of General Pract- 
ilioners/Family Physicians at 
the Science Museum on June 5. 



Mr M. A. M. Sisson 
and Miss C. A. Bebbington 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Andrew Mallaby. 
younger son of Sir Roy and 
Lady Sisson, of Gustard Wood. 
Hertfordshire, and Charlotte 
Anne, daughter of Dr and Mrs 

Mr B. M. Kelly 
and Miss C. A. Morgan 
The engagement is announced 
betweecn Blair Matheson. son 
of the Rev T. Gifford and Mrs 
Kelly, of Woodside. Perthshire, 
and Carol Anne, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs John C. 
Morgan, of Port Talbot, West 

Alan Bebbington. 
. Bishopstone, Wiltshire. 


Mr M. A. Bluemink 
and Miss E. C. Ryott 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Bernard Bluemink. 
of Roundhay Leeds, West York- 
shire, and Emma, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Ryott of Leathley, Otley. West 

Mr N. P. Kingsley 
and Miss I. N. Plmnbty 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicolas, elder son of 
the late Mr E. F. Kingsley and of 
Mrs R. Archdale, Brecries, Nor- 
folk, and Isabel Neill, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S. J. 
Plumbly, Quidenham. Norfolk. 

Mr A. J. Crompton 
and Miss V. A. Clarke 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, elder son of 
Mrs Joan Crompton and the late 
Kenneth Crompton, of 
Brockenhurst Hampshire, and 
Victoria, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Gordon Clarke, of 
New Milton, Hampshire. 

Mr R. E. Laybnrn 
and Miss F. C. Way 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Ernest only 
son of Mr Harry Laybunt of 
Emsworth. Hampshire, and the 
late Mrs Doris Laybunt and 
Fiona Caroline, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs A. G. Way, of 
Charlton, Somerset 

Mr J.L.P. Sewell 
and Miss A. J. Dennett 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, second son of 
Mrs M. E. SewelL and Hilary, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs T. 
J. Dennett, of Brighton. Sussex. 
Mr M. Venmore- Rowland 
and Miss J. M. G. Hartley 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs O. Venmore- 
Rowland, of The White House. 
Hertford, and Julia, only daugh- 
ter of Mr D. S. Hartley, of Foxt 
Stoke-on-Trent and Mrs J. 
Hewson, of Lower Slaughter, 

Mr R. N. White 
and Miss P. M. Webb 
The engagement is announced 
between Russell, son of Mr and 
Mrs K. White, of Lylham St 
Anne's. Lancashire, and Pa- 
tricia. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D. Webb, of Kendal. Cumbria. 


MrC.G. W. Diehl 
and Miss P. H- G. Rosas 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs D. W. Diehl, of 
Worplesdon. Surrey, and Pa- 
tricia, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J. Rous, of Bogota. 

Mr C. J. H. Mattersou 
and Miss E. C. M. Moffett 
The engagement is announced 
betweecn Charles, eldest son of 
the late Mr Nod Maiterson and 
of Mrs Robin Fremantle, of The 
While House, Run Common. 
Shamley Green, Surrey, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs John Moffatt of 5 Milling- 
ton Road, Cambridge. 

Mr T. G. Grey 
and MUe L. de Noirmout 
The engagement is announced 
between Toby, youngest son of 
the late Mr and Mrs Peter Grey, 
and Laetilia. youngest daughter 
of the Baron and Baroness de 

Mr W.J. W. Neville 
and Miss S. C. Chinn 
The engagement is announced 
between William, only son of 
the late John Neville. MC. and 
Mrs Elizabeth Neville, of Lon- 
don. and Susan, eider daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Warwick Chinn, 
of Londes boro ugh. Yorkshire. 

Dr D. C. Papineau 
and Miss R. M. WBd 
The marriage will take place on 
July 5 in Crowcombe. Somerset, 
between David Papineau and 
Rose Wild. 

Dr G. J. Pfddock 
and Miss F. M. Cahrell 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham John Piddock. 
of Eynsham. Oxfordshire, and 
Fiona Mary Cal well, of Twick- 
enham, Middlesex. 

Mr R. G. Ford 
and Miss E. A. Belmont 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday at St Paul's, 
Knightsbridge, between Mr 
Richard Ford, elder son of Sir 
Edward and the Hon Lady Ford, 
of Canal House, Blomfield 
Road. London, W9. and Miss 
Elisa Belmont, only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Michael Belmont, 
of Gaunt MilL S land lake. 
Witney, Oxfordshire. The Rev 
Christopher Courtauid 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Benjamin Fowler, 
Gifford Woodrooffe, Ed win a 
and Lara Belmont, Alice Polk 
and Eliza Murray Willis. Mr 
David Ford was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Berkeley hotel and the honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 
Captain G. W. McLean 
and Miss S. M. Haighton 
The marriage took place quietly 
yesterday in London between 
Captain William McLean and 
Miss Sarah Haighton. Major 
Paul dc Zulueta was best man. 


Royal Academy of Aits 
Princess Anne was the principal 
speaker at the annua] dinner of ] 
the Royal Academy of .Vis held 
last night at Burlington House. 
Mr Roger de Grey, PRA, pre- 
sided and the other speakers 
were Sir Geoffrey Howe; QC 
MP, and Mr Gervase Jackson- 
Stops. The Master of the Rolls 
and the Lord Mayor of West- 
minster attended. Others 
present included: 

su- HanUsh Forties. LUy (John! HalL 
sytvu Lady wir “ ‘ 

(Lodge of 


a Knftg and 

toon Crown 

Court). Judge George SMndfer. OC. 
Mr Michael Howard. QC. MP. Mr 
Jeffrey Tnoraas. QC. Ji * 

Lo»SS2^ 0 ^r 

.Richard Wallers 



diary - magistrate. ~ Bow^Jra« S, S3^ 
iterates Court). Mr Neville sandetson. 
Mr George KurWtan. Mbs Marina 
Kurttfan. Senator A H Alain. Dr M 
Alamo uh. Mr Peter Teropte-Morrti. 
MP. Mrs EUzabeOi OavW. Mrs Mart 
Carlisle. Dr J M HanUra. MO B 
O'Neill. Die Deputy Mayor of 
Warrington (abo re p r e ran ting the 
Rector of Wamaston) wttn Mr and 
Mrs Harold Edwards: Mr Anthony 
McNctte. MT Jama McNair Brown. 
Dr and Mrs James Mann. Dr K J 
ZHkha i King's College Hospital) and 
Mrs ZUKh a, Mr Chang Rae Park and 
Mr Peter Cum*. 

Indies. QC. (secretary ot 

Z. MP. Mr raid Lady 1 

lodge John Commander 

retory GeneraTof me Order of SI John 
of Jerusalem, representing Otoaa 
KBUKideoceara Mr J mH — ■ 
M il III i III ill I d. Mr No mtanl 

Cewjrav?. ■■I 

Hand Lady Bridget 

Sinclair. Mr and the Hon iters 
Franklta- Brooke-Hitchmg. Mrs Peter 
Thin. Mr and Mrs D Brooke Httrtdng. 
Mr W L Abel smith, Mrs Hu# 
Ntchobon. near-Adnural Royer Dick. 
Mr told Mrs Jeremy Wagg. Mr and 
Mrs Simon Berry. Mr Tun Brtnton. 
MP. told Mrs Brin Ion. Mr K CUford 
Cook. Commander Edwin Momson. 
Major and Mrs John Mills. Com- 
mander- and Mrs Rowan Thomson. 
Me Alan i - Tnboll. Mr and Mrs H 
La tamer vlney 

(Garrick Chin) and Maior E Vlney iCHd 
Bucks BattaltORS). 

The Belgian Ambassador. I he Ambas- 
sador of Ihe Federal Republic of 
Germany. Sir Geoffrey Agnew. Mr 

Gratae AHchbon. Mbs GUUan Ayres. 
Mr Jack _ ------ 

k Baer. Sir Isaiah Berfm. OM. 

Mbs Jill Bennett. Mr Jeffrey Bernard. 
Mr Marcus BJnney. Lord BirketL Mr 
Peter Blake. RA. Mr Norman Blarney. 
RA. Mbs Sandra Stow. RA. Mr Alan 
Bowness. Mr William Bowyer. RA. 
Mr Humphrey Brooke. Mr Robert 
Buhier. RA. Professor H T Cadbury- 
Brown. RA. and Mrs I ” 

Mr Jeffery Camp. 

Casson. CH. RA. and I 

Patrick Caulfield. Grow Captain 
Leonard Cheshire. VC- OM- Mbs Ann 
Christopher. Mr Geoffrey Clarke. RA. 
Mr Robert Ctanuorihv. RA. Mr 
Titnotfiv Clifford. Mr Mrs/ dull. Mr 
Prior coker. RA. Mbs Jean Cooke. 
ra. Mr Coun Cowdrey. Sir Tren- 
chant Cox. Mr Theo Crosfw. Mr 

[rs Cadbury Brown. 
9. RA. sir Hugh 
ad Lady Cason. Mr 

Dr Sang Man Kim. chairman of 
the Dong A fibo daily newspaper 
in Seoul, South Korea, regrets 
that he was unable to attend the 
memorial service for Judge Sir 
Thomas Williams, QG 


Mr A. Burley 
A memorial service for Mr 
Anthony Burley was held yes- 
terday at the Church of St 
Sepulchre, Holboro Viaduct 
Toe Rev Arthur Brown offici- 
ated and Mr Michael Nicholas, 
Chairman of the . Eastern 
Authorities Orchestral Associ- 
ation, gave an address. 


Frederick Cuming. RA. Mr Evelyn de 
Jennifer Dtclaon. 

Rothschild. Ml.. ... 

RA. Sir Philip Dowaon. RA. Mr 
Bernard Dunstan. RA. Mr Anthony 
E-yion. Sir Edmund Fairfax- Lucy. Sir 
Brinsley Ford, the Hon Rocco Forte. 
Mr Donald Hamilton Fraser. RA. 
Dame Elisabeth Frink. RA. Mr Albert 
FrosL Mr Emo Gokmnger. RA. 
Professor Sir Errol Combrtch. Sir 
Nicholas Good Ison. Lord Goodman. 
CH. Mr Frederick Core. RA. Mr 
Anthony Green. RA. Mr Peter 
Greenham. RA. Mr Ronald Gr i erso n . 
Professor Sir John Hale. Professor 
CaUn Hardle, Mr Sydney Harpley, 
RA. Professor Francis Haskell. Mr 
Colin Hayes. RA. Dr John Hayes. Mr 

.. Heron. Dame 

brd Hodgkin. 

. Hogarth. RA. Mr Ken 

Howard. Lady Howe. Mr John 
Hoyland. Mr Sidney Hulchtson, Mr 
Allen Jones. Mr Michael Kenny. Mr R 
B Kltaf. Professor Bryan Kneale. RA. 
Lady Lucinda Lambiion. miss Sonia 
Lawson. Sir David Lean. Mr James 

uwn runs. ka. ur jon 
S w Hayter. Mr Patrick 1 
Wendy Millet . Mr Howa 
Mr Paul Hogarth. R / 

Lees -Milne. Miss Dorn Lessing. Lord 

Lever of Manchester. Mr Ben _ 
the Bishop of Uncotn. Mr 

Royal College of Surgeons of 
Professor Sir Geoffrey Staney, 
President of the Royal College 
of Surgeons of England yes- 
terday entertained at a luncheon 
at the college Mrs Mary Lane, 
Mrs Kay Easton. Major George 
Webb. Dr Hale Enderby, and 
Mr Ian Todd. 

Royal Commonwealth Society 
Sir Peter Gadsden. Chairman of 
the Central Council of the Royal 
Commonwealth Society, and 
Lady Gadsden gave a luncheon 
at the society on May 21 in 
honour of the Agenis-General in 
London for the Canadian Prov- 
inces and the Australian States 
and their ladies. 

Service dinners 

Meadows, Mr Robert Medley. RA. Mr 


Mr Norman 

Eric Newby. Mbs Julia t 
Oman. Mr Richard Ormond. I 
Eduardo Paol02zl. RA. Mr 

Parkinson. Mr John Partridge. Mr 
Christopher Patten. MP. Dr Nicholas 

Penny. Sir Robin Phi Upson, ra. Mr 
Totn Ptiilltpi. Mr David Poole. Sir 

Rees-JOrea. me Rev Donald Reeve*, 
me Hon Jane Roberts. Mr Ivor 
RobenvJones. RA. Mr Norman 
Rosenthal. Mr Leonard Rosonaan. RA. 

Mr Michael Rothensleln. RA. the Hon 
Jacob Rothschild, the Hon Sir Steven 

RjmrtnwoCH^Mr Norman Sl. John- 

■■Frsnds SandUands. I 
Michael Sandle. Mr William 
■Mr Maurice Sheppa rd. Mr 
■■RA. Mr Rusfcin mmmm 
Etepiienson. Mr Norman 

orneycrofL CH. Mr Joe TUson. Mr 
vld Tlndle. RA, Baroness 

plngton. Uie Archbbhoo of 

Wales. Mr John Ward. RA. Professor 
Carel WetohL RA. Mr Anthony 
Whtehaw. Sir David Wlbon and Sir 
John Woolf. 

Lord High Commissioner 
The Lord High Commissioner 
to the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland and the 
Viscountess of Arbuthnott 
entertained at dinner last night 
at the Palace of Holyroodhouse. 
The guests included: 

The Norwegian Ambassador and Mrs 
Busch. The Earl and Countess of 
Kin tore, the Earl and Countess of 
MansflekL the Bishop of Brechin. Sir 
Charles and Lady Graham. Sir Hector 
Monro. MP. and Lady Monro, the 

Royal Marines 

Lieutenant-General Sir Michael 
Wilkins. Commandant General 
of the Royal Marines, presided 
at a dinner held last night at the 
Royal Marines Commando 
Training Centre. Lympstone. 
The guests included Vice-Ad- 
miral Sir Anthony Uppet, Chief 
of Beet Support, the Masters 
and Clerks of the Plasterers' 
and Armourers’ and Braziers' 
Companies, the Hea d master of 
Blundells School and Colonels 
Oates, Sherman and Slater. 
HAC Active Officers l 

Active officers of the Honour- 
able Artillery Company dined at 
Armoury House last night 
Lientenant-Colonel G. £. 
God bold. Commanding Officer, 
was in the chair and General Sir 
Richard Trent Colonel Com- 
mandant was also present 
RAF Biggin HflJ 
The Commandant of the 
Officers' and Aircrew Selection 
Centre, RAF Biggin Hill, Air 
Commodore J. A. Beil, and 
fellow officers attended a dinner 
held in the Officers’ Mess 
yesterday. Wing Commander K. 
S. Diffey presided. 

Very_Rev _Dr Selby Wright, the Very 
~rg Johnston. Mr 

Rev- Dr Wmuun and Mrs , 
and Mrs George Penrose, ami the 
Solicitor General and Mr* Fraser. 

Asthma Research 

LoriDers’ Company 
Sir Peter Gadsden, Lord Mayor 
locum tenons, and Lady Gads- 
den were present at the annual 
livery dinner of the Loriners* 
Company held last night at the 
Mansion House. Mr Robert AJ. 
Bowman, Master, presided and 
the other speakers were Mr 
Robin H. Furniss, Under War- 
den, Mr Walter F. Ellers haw. 
Upper Warden, and the Ven 
M.M. Hodgins. The other wests 
included the Masters of the 
Leathersellers', Cordwainers* 
and Joiners' Companies. 

The Duchess of Gloucester of- 
ficially opened the new Offices of 
the Asthma Research Council at 
300 Upper Street, Islington, 
North London, on May 21. She 
was welcomed by the Mayor of 
Islington, Councillor R. 
Crossman, and by Lord 
Haiisham of St Marylebone, 
CH, President of the Asthma 
Research Council, Mr Dennis 
Walteis, MP, chairman,, and Mr 
Hugh Faulkner, director. She 
unveiled a plaque in the pres- 
ence of members of the council 
and committees, the staff and 
voluntary workers. 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr AJE- Palmer, aged 48. who 
has been on a career develop- 
ment detachment since last 
September as a visiting fellow at 
Harvard, to be Ambassador to 
Cuba in succession to Mr P.R. 
Feam, who will be taking op a 
further Diplomatic Service 
appointment in London. 

Mr Col in McLean, aged 56. who 
has recently completed his 
assignment as British High 
Commissioner in Kampala, to 
be United Kingdom Permanent 
Representative to the Council of 
Europe at Strasbourg, in the 
rank of ambassador, in succes- 
sion to Mr GD. Lush, who is 
retiring from the. Diplomatic 

Brigadier Michael Tinner to be 
Traffic Commissioner. South 
Eastern Traffic Area, in succes- 
sion to Mr Randall Thornton, 
who will retire on August 31. 

Mr Peter Marshall to be chair- 
man and Mr George Pagan to 
be vice-chairman of the Royal 
Television Society’s council in 
succession to Mr Stuart Sansom 
and Mr Peter Marshafl. 

Dr Bernard Naylor, U*e 
distinguished composer or vo- 
cal and choral music, dt«t 
suddenly on May 19. aged 78. 
He was on a visit to England 
from Canada, where be had 
lived for many years. 

Bernard James Naylor was 
born in Cambridge on No- 
vember 22, 1 907, into a totly 
of musicians. His lather, E. W. 
Naylor, was organist of Em- 
manuel College and was well 
known both as a writer on 
music and as a composer, of 
anthems and services. 

His grandfather, John 
Naylor, also a composer of 
church music, was organist 
and choirmaster of York Min- 
ster in tire 1890s. 

From 1924-27 Bernard 
Naylor studied at the Royal 
College of Miisic with 
Vaughan Williams, Holst and 
John Ireland, and from 1927- 
3! be was oigan- scholar at 
Exeter College. Oxford. 

He divided the next 20 
years of his life between 
Canada and England, con- 
ducting in Winnipeg -and 
Montreal and. holding teach- 
ing appointments at Oxford 
and Reading universities. 
From 1959 he made his borne 
in Canada and devoted him- 
self to composition.' 

In view of his background 
and training it is not surpris- 
ing that Naylor's music should 
belong firmly to the English 
choral tradition. And yet it Ires 
a distinct individuality. 

Like many English compos- 
ers he was happiest when 
setting words to music, and it 

is significant lhat the majority 
of his works are settings of 
religious or metaphysical 
texts: motets, anthems, carols, 
liturgical texts and song-evdes 
for unaccompanied chores or 
for voices and chamber 

Many of the works were 
composed as the resu lt . of 
commissions received from 
the BBC, various fcsuvateann 
other organisations. 

Navlor’s music is notable \ 
not only for its passionate 
involvement with the t exts , 
but abo for its distinctive use 
of cferomaricism. its unusually 
arete feeling for texture a nd us 
method -of construction from 
small melodic cells. It is. tins 
latter characteristic which 
gives the music its inner 
strength and tension - 

Among his best works are 
the austerely beautiful Stabart 
Mater for women’s voices and 
small orchestra, commis- 
sioned .by the Three Choir 
Festival in 1961; the song 
cycle. Personal Landscape, for 
soprano and chamber orches- 
tra (1971): and Three Stars: , 
and Epode by Darid Gascoyne 
for solo voices and eight-pan 
unaccompanied chorus 

His nine English motets 
(1952) were described as 
among the. finest achieve- 
ments of the English choral 
tradition of any period. 

Naylor's wire, Dorothy (nee 
Cnera). died in 1983; there 
were no- children, of the 


The Hon Lord Leechman, a 
former Senator of the College 
of Justice in Scotland, has 
died. He was 79. 

James Graham Leechman 
was bora on October 6, 1906, 
the son of Walter Graham 
Leechman, a Glasgow solid- 
tor. Leechman was educated 
at Glasgow High School and 
Glasgow University. 

He was admitted to mem- 
bership of the Faculty of 
Advocates in 1932, becoming 
an Advocate-Depute in 1947. 

Two years later he was 
appointed Gerk of Justiciary - 
a post which he held until 
1964 - and in the same year 
took silk. 

Mr Christopher Butler, aged 35, 
Conservative parliamentary 
candida t e for Brecon and Rad- 
nor in the by-election last July, 
to be special adviser to Mr 
Richard Luce, Arts and Civil 
Service Minister, in succession 
to Mr Andrew Tyrie, who has 
been appointed special adviser 
to the Chief Secretary, HM 

.Mr D. Slater to take over the 
responsibilities of. Mr 
RJ.O'Neill as Assistant Under- 
secretary of State. Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office 
supervising the departments of 
Energy, Science ami Space, 
Maritime, Aviation and 
Environment, Security Co- 
ordination, and United Nations. 


The following have been recom- 
mended for election to Founda- 
tion Scholarships: 

NM W Good (Ctxnnor Hons* SctxxX. 
CJWk*t).:J l T I Oartc op 

SctHxm. B P Mote. tH_ 

Prnwawry School). P H Carroll 
(Mtbouiw UxtgeL AMD Spray 
cAtottw Srttoad W V HtoT&oo 
CSatelWU School). 

Bow Scholarship; 1 T I 
(Claremont SctwoM. 

SteRSpwt B jrtey M emorial Awanl: D 
J wuiums (Port Regfe School). 

Professor MJ Rennie 

The Press Council asks us to 
point out that Professor MJ. 
Rennie, of Dundee University, 
is professor of physiology and 
not psychology as described in 
the council's adjudication pub- 
lished on May 8. 

Births, Deaths and In Memoriam 


£4 a Em + 15X VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Aimouncemenu. amhtniicncd bv die 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sent la 

PO BOX 484 
Yirgina Street 
London El 

or (cfcphonctl (by telephone sobs- 
cibrn only) Ur 01-481 3SM - 

Announcements tan be received bv 
telephone between «.00am and 
S.JOpm Monday io Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.00am and 12 noon. 
«MII 400 (My). For publication the 
(bJ lowing day phone by I_t0pm. 

etc on Court and Social Pane £B a 8aa 
+ in VAT. 

Court and Soda! Page announce- 
ments can not he accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries *« 0t-8ZZ 9953 
(after 1 0.30am L or send io: 

1, hulWli Sbtoi loadan El. 

I will pul my well wllliln you. i 
rjuv you lo walk in my slalulm. 
Exi-kirt Mx S? 


COLE On May iTUi 1986 « the Port- 
land Hospital. London Io Clare and 
Nicholas, a daughter, a aster for 

COLLMS On May I3ih to Sarah litee 
Sluranti and Lawrence, a lovely 
daughter. Hannah Rachel. 

WW*UL On May 22nd in Forest HID 
N.Y. to Clare >n*e Suelangj and 
Paul, a son. 

Dalamal on May tom 1986 at 
Humana Hospital Wellington to 
Henna rale Sehgal) and Harasft. a 
Handsome son. yet unnamed. 

EDWARDS on May l8Ui to Katie and 
Nick, a daughter Caroline Elizabeth. 

ELDR1DCC on May 13UI 1986 lo Bid- 
dy inee O'Grady) and Tim. a 
daughter HarrteL a sister for 

GOOLDER on May 16th 1966 to John 
and Sarah inee Proctor) a daughter. 
Samantha Claire. 

HODCES On May 15th 1986 at Memo- 
rial City Hospital. Houston. Texas. 
Oonagti (nee EdmlsKxl) and Paul a 
son Matthew Edmlslon. a brother fOr 

HE1TH On May 20th at SL Peters Hos- 
pital. Cfiertsey to Diane <nte Cron) 
and Simon, a son i Other Simon) a 
brother far Charles. 

LOGHT On the 16th May 1986 at the 
Portland Hospital W.i.. lo Judith 
and Stanley, a daughter. Alexandra 
Josephin e Har riet. 

MUNTZ TORRES on May I6ili at Soli- 
hull HospitaL to Jane cnee Muntz) 
and Moacir Brandao Torres a daugh- 
ter Marta, a sister for Christopher. 

MCOU. On May 2tsl at Odstock Hos- 
pital. Salisbury to Catherine urte 
Sampson) and Bin. a daughter 

NORMAN On Mar 7m m Si. 

Oorgr'k HospuaL la Sandra 
and Stepnen. a daughter. Flor- 
ence Loutsr Gavanagn. 

PEARCE On I7lh May. al Die Portland 
HospitaL to Glnny inee Miller) and 
Gareth , a daughter. Lucy. 

PERRY on l Hh May u> Jane (hte 
Broughton) and Nicholas, a daughter 
Laura, sister for DavKL 

wee on 20th May at Queen Mary's. 
Roetiampton. to Nathalie and David, 
a daughter. Katherine Sarah, a sister 
(or Charlotte . 

STAMFORTB On !7Ui May 1986. to 
Juliet and Christopher a daughter. 
Isabelle Antonia-' 

SYMOHDSQN on May 21st at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital to Lucy (nee An- 
derson) and BevtL a sou. Robert 
Micha el. 

THORP On May 21st to Joanna and 
Anthony, a daughter. Georgians 
Lucy Emily, a sister for veneda. 

WIL L IA MS on 20th May to Jane tote 
Kytei and Michael, a son. Angus 
David, a brother (or Sarah. 


BAKER-BATES On Tuesday May 
201 fi. 1986 and or Coiwyn Bay. 
Chvyd. Erie Tom Baker-Bates MD. 
F RCP, aged SO years. Reception 
tola Si. Catherine of Siena Church. 
Newton Hd. Lowt on. Leigh. Lancs 
On Monday May 28th at 6.30 p.m. 
followed by Requiem Mass where an 
Erumenical Service will lake place 
on Tuesday May 27th al p-m. 
followed Mr a private committal at 
Wigan Crematorium. No flowers by 
request. A Mernona) Service win be 
held to Liverpool at a date and place 
lo be announced. All enquiries lo Mr 
William Banks. Banks Funeral Ser- 
vice. Sen on villa. Sefton Rd. OrreU. 
Telephone Up Holland 622272. 

BAKCK peacefully an 20th May 1986 
after a short Illness in Sevenoaks 
Hospital Professor Arthur LL. Baker 
beloved husband of Lillian, father 
and grandfather. Funeral Service on 
Thursday. 29Ui May al 2-15 pm SL 
Nicholas Church. Sevenoaks fol- 
lowed by cremation at Tunbridge 
Wells CFcnutorHun. Family flowers 
only, donations if desired lo 
Sevenoaks Hospital General Amenity 
Fund < . - o Francis Chappell & Sons. 3 
London Road. Sevenoaks. 

BALDWIN tragically on May 19th. 
Nicholas Sam. loved and lovtog hus- 
band. father, son and brother. 
Funeral Service Tuesday May 27 Ih 
at 3.00 pm St James' Church. Clac- 

BASS Nanny - see KERR 

Francis M J. on 18Ui May 
tragicalty to a boating accident 
Much loved husband of Donate and 
lather of Kale. Danny. Rosemary 
and Ursula. Service at SL Plus 
Church. Merrow Nr. Guildford. Fri- 
day 23rd May. at 2pm. Donations la 
njg.L.1- west Quay Road. Pome. 

1 On May 1 2th, at Queen 
Charlotte's, to Caroline infe Bird) 
(tod Jonathan, a son. Benjamin 
Qtanes. a brother for Peter. 

CARCW-COX On 2 1st May 1986. to 
hospital. Anthony John Montgomery 
M.B.E . Managing Director of Cox 
ExhtMtton Consultants Ltd. aged 69 
years. Beloved husband of Helen, 
wonderful father of Jennifer. Alison 
and Atasutr. dearest grandad of Si- 
mon and Kale, will be greally missed 
by all who knew tom. Funeral ar- 
rangements to be announced later. 
Heartfelt thanks to donors and staff 
of Cast Birmingham Hospital (Wards 
26 3 2 i for their care and kindness. 

DTFCHBURH John Granville aged 62 
retired Untied Nations, unexpec te dly 
In Ms garden in Grasse. France on 
May Irth. Husband ta Jean, father 
of Jenny. Nicky and Robert, grandfa- 
ther of Kai. an of whom miss Mm 
dearly. Funeral private. Conununica- 
Uons to King and Hooper. Hortey. 
Surrey. Memorial Service to Grasse 
al a laier date. 

CREEN On May 2lsL 1986. peacefully 
al home. Barbara Lay of TTouvBte. 
Bournemouth. Beloved wife of 
Frederick and dear mother of OUnda 
and Richard. Funeral service 
Wednesday. May 28th. 9.16 am to St 
Ambrose Church. West CUff Rd. 
Bournemouth. Fallowed by 
committal at Bournemouth 
Crematorium. Flowers may be sent 
to Dertc-ScotL Portman Lodge 
Funeral Home. 7S5 Christchurch 
Rd. Boscombe. Bournemouth. 

HLL On May 20th 1986. very 
suddenly al home. Leonard Edward. 
Member of the Baltic Exchange. 
Husband of the tale Hilda, falter to 
Martin and a very dear husband of 
Valerie. Funeral service at St 
Andrews United Reform Church. 
Btackwater Road. Eastbourne. 
Sussex on Friday. May 30Ui at 
2.15pm. followed by cronaUon. No 
flowers by ins request buL If desired, 
donations to the Charities Committee 
of Provincial Grand Lodge FOr The 
Aged, c'o of Alan Carden Esq.. 9 
wedderbum Rd. wimnddon. East 

t Evelyn, of the Harrison Homes. 
London wxi. on Wednesday 21st 
May. aged 81- Nanny to the Barr 
family to Stamarman from 1959 to 
1951 and to the Ponsonby family in 
London and Windsor from 1961 to 
1970. Funeral at the West ChapeL 
Goiter's Green Crematorium. Hoop 
Lane. London NWll at 3 p.m. on 
Friday 30th May. No flowers, but do- 
nations. If desired, to Cancer 
Research Campaign. 

LAYCOCX peacefully, on May 2 1st 
Geoffrey, dearly loved husband of 
Audrey, loving father and grandfa- 
ther. Requiem Mass at SL John's 
Cathedral. Norwich on TsesdayMay 
27th pi U.OO am. Family flowers 
only please. Donations if desired, for 
Pnsdlla Bacon Lodge, c/o Peter 
Taylor Funeral Services. B5 
Unthank Rd. Norwich. 

? 7,h 55 ®6- Marie 
Hoalter F.P.S. (nee Morgan) aged 
93- peacefully at Newbridge Hospi- 
tal. Salisbury. Formerly of 
Lavcnham. Suffolk. Funeral 
lZJSpni (May. Friday ..May 23rd al 

SaHsbury Crematorium. No Rowers. 
Donations lo Salisbury Hospice Care 
TrusL c.'O HA Harold A Sen U4. 
77 Eslcourt Rd. Salisbury. Wilts. 

MATSON On May 21 sL peacefully at 
Whithlll. Robert Lancelot Matson. 
Beloved husband of Rosemary, much 
loved .father of Peter. Richard. Liz. 
Diana and abo by Ids stx grandchil- 
dren. Funeral service al AQ Saints* 
Church. Woottoo. Courtenay. Som- 
erset at 2.30pm on Tuesday. May 
27th. Garden flowers only please. A 
Service of Thanksgiving wtfl be held 
al St. Alkmund's Church. 
Whitchurch. Shropshire at ZJOpin 
an Thursday 5th June. 

McKENNA On May 2a Arthur Ed- 
ward (Mac), of 9 Downesway. 
Aldertey Edge. Cheshire, dearly 
loved husband of Joyce, and much 
loved father and grandfather. Funer- 
al private. Family Bowers only. 

PO«ON« V Nanny - an- KERR 

*UPPER-on 22nd May. at his home 
Court. Shaiden. Alton. Hants: Nor- 
man Sibber, aged fid years. Funeral 
al Shaiden Church, on Friday ‘3001 
May. at 300 nm. foUotued by cremo- 
Itofc- Family flowers only by request, 
but in memory, donations may be 
sent to The Church of England 
Children's Society- c/o Ste- 
ven*. SO High -StreeL AMcjv Hants. 

TELFER Louise, widow of the ime 
Professor E.V. Tetfer. peacefully In 
hospital. 21 si May. 1986. aged 87 

years. Beloved mother of Margot, lan 
and Ann. Service All Saints Parish 
Church. North Serriby. East 
- Yorkshire. Saturday. 24th May at 
20.30 am. Flowers may be sent to 
RonaM Cogan and Sons. 

Serriby. Tel: 0482 631740 

WUCOX Kathleen Mary, aged 78 
years, suddenly on 20th May at 
Wroocton House. Otten. SoUhuB. for- 
ma-ty of Acocks Green. 
Bujttngha m. Se rvice and to f e nne nf 
asodhun Cemetery on Wednesday. 
28th May at 11.30 am. Lovinfdy re- 
met iitiei'eti -and sadly missed ter all of 
her family and many friends. Dona- 
tions .to National Council For Cara's 
And Their Elderly Dependents (id. 
24 Thlrimere House. Roman way. 
BhTungham IS. 


BR O W N a Service of Thanlcsgl tf ins for 
the hfe of David Christian Brown 
■ (1961 - 1986) will be held at Ute Uni- 
versity Church of.Oirtst the King. 
Gordon Square WCt on Saturday 
31 si May al 20.30 am. AS who knew 
him are welcome. 

T HORP E A Memorial Service win be 
held to the College Chapel of Jem 
College. Cambridge, for WILLIAM 
HOMAN THORPE (Fellow- of Jesus 
College 1932-1966. EnwrtUs Profes- 
sor of AiUmal Ethology to the 
University of Cambridge)- an Satur- 
day Slst May 1986 al 2J30PRL 


DAVIS In ever-tovtng memory of. 
CHARLES DAVIS. M-VD. who died 
at 29. Gfouoestar Place. Portman 

Sauare. on May 23. 1 9 14. ttt his fifith 

Leechman was notan ambi- 
tious man, and not one who 
pressed himself forward for 
professional advancement. 
Although he was sympathetic 
towards the Labour Party, he 
was not cast in the mould iff a 

It was therefore perhaps 
surprising that he was ap- 
pointed Solicitor-General for/ 
Scotland in 1964. The follow- 
ing year, his elevation to the 
Bench, aroused certain 

Lord Leechman 's knowl- 
edge of criminal procedure 
could seldom be fruited; but 
as a trial judge he conkl best be 
described as ’ cautious. . He 
presided over civil business 
with quiet decorum. As a 
judge in the Appeal Court he 
tended to be overshadowed by 
other personalities. 

He was modest and unas- 
suming in manner. On the 
Bench he was courteous and 
considerate, as inexperienced 
counsel must often have re- 
membered with gratitude. 

He retired from the Bene* 
in 1976 and, in his retirement, 
edited some of his Session 

Lard Leechman married, in 
1935, Margaret Helen Edgar. 
There, were two daughters. 


Kenny Carter, who has been 
found shot dead with his wife 
at their home in West York- 
shire, was one of Britain's 
finest speedway riders and the 
winner of the British. League 
Riders' Championship, in 
1981 and 1982. He was 25. 

Since his first appearance 
on a speedway track with 
Newcastle in the National 
League in 1978, Carter had 
been involved in several ex- 
clusions in major diampion- 
ship finals, and his spectacular 
spills brought him broken legs, 
punctured lungs, and innu- 
merable cases of concussion. 

At times, he seemed angled 
out by fate for bad luck, and 
last week, riding for England 
in the second international 
.against Denmark, he broke 
foot-rests on his bike in two 
consecutive races, something 
hitherto unheard of in speed- 
way meetings, 

Carter rode for Halifax, his 
home town team,: between 
1978 and 1985, and joined 
neighbouring Bradford this 

He never achieved his am- 
bition of winning the world 
individual championship, and 
in 1982, at Los Angeles, he 
was excluded in one race after 
an incident involving the 
.eventual winner, Bruce 

He won the World Pairs 
Championship with Peter Col- 
.lins. in 1983, and was the 
British League Riders' Cham- 
pion in 1981 and 1982. ^ 



Mr Francis Brennan, a dis- 
tinguished member of the 
Revenue Bar both in England 
and Ireland, died tiiddenly-on 
May 18, aged 50. 

From an Irish background, 
he was educated at Cains 
College, Cambridge, and. was 
caled to the Bar in England in 

Brennan, the son of a 
member of the Revenue Bar, 
established a large practice in 
England and Ireland. '■ 

He was an independent 
spirit who lived exactly as he 
thought he should and who 
practised his religion with the 
quiet fervqnr ofa truly devout 

.. Mr Harry Bailey, MC, a 
master, in the craft of book- 
binding, has died; aged 94. 

' He was awarded the Mili- 
tary Cross for gallantry at 
Passcfaendaetedunng the First 
World War: 

. : hi 1930, be took over bis 
father's bookbinding business 
in Queen Street, Salisbury. 

On his retirement, he be- 
came assistant librarian at the 
Salisbury Cathedral Library, 
where his extensive knowj- 
edge of books was widely 
valued.' -• 

He died sailing, which over 
the past few years had become 
his favourite pastime and 
which he sharol with his 
widow. Resale, and their four 

His Honour Judge MaxweD 

Gosnay, -a diruit judge, since 
1973, died at Lads cm May 
17, aged &L Educated at Leeds 
Grammar ^ School and Christ 
Churchy Oxford, he was called 
to th e Bar by the Inner Temple 
m J945. He was Deputy 
Chairman of the West Riding 
Quarter Sessions (him 1967- 
71 and Assistant Recorder of 
Leeds from 1965-71. 

Church news 

Assistant Bishop 
of Guildford . 


The Right Rev Kenneth D. 
Evans, former Bishop of 
Dorking, diocese of Guildford, 
has' been appointed Assistant 
Bishop of Guildford. 

canon RCA Carey nWti-»' 


Other appointments 

The fteVR EAdneW. vicar. » Helen 
Kensington, m- 


urtth Holy Trinity. noonuB, OK 
ococ of London, to be vESp. Qgw 


— Tteltev M J A ■ Anderson. Vicar 
Tte Brants wftfi .Davtngion and oam 
Mid Itetentam, diocese of ~ 


The Rev H 

.EvangeUsL Ov£! 

ujgwnwon. Ebony, tttocoe of Caider- 

■ w d*. 






\ * *_ m 'i 
’• : -a;; 

J’ffvw urarpou support- 
's facing extnMBdoai to Bei- 
v for their part in fast 

‘■fl;ye*r , s Heysd Stadium disas- 
ter ( admitted oo TV Eve 
-Whemesf (had, whife the 
^filmed . record might show 
.-them excgediag fedr brief 
.somewhat with boots and fW- 
. potes, they did not hold them- 
sisefces persooaUy responsSble 
-for. thedeaths «f 38 Ttai^w 
And, besides. “anyone picking 
a stick op tutting anyone tnnLc 
; worse than it is, bat if wasn't 

“ Those who were being hit 
i might weH think that ft did not 
look bad enough. Wbatis trnly 

i reawrkaUe is that these yideo- 
^gfcoeratkm b ra w faft appear 
sv P® 110 have consMeredtirat the 
%_puneras would finger them 
: ^lfter the event Brought back 
. to tfe scene <rf tofecHnte intbe 
hope (one presumes) of tearfri 
they mne- 
expressed the awkwardness 
•$& bft-jplayers unwillingly np- 
RTafed to n*med-nfle& 

The Darwinian . ft eajfiB that 
^inhabit the two-kfroraetre- 
>deep can yon of Monterey Bay 
vJtave>-no such. iahibftwwi. it 
really is a fish-eai-fish world 
down there, as the mar hw 
biolo^sts fea&ired m the Step- 
ally wonderfh! Dipe to Mid- 
**4fcfct Waters (BBC1) 
^-frisemtered- from die safety of 
k theft Deep Rover sobmersible. 
'The most cynical of aU (fish, 
'’That is) simply lark- on the 

Tor (he constant snowfall of 
j dead plankton, ohiivions to the 
^placid radio dialogue ef Roger 
-Deep and Roger Topside, 
^though perturbed by ' the 
former’s specimen-seeking 
* : Ho6rer. ‘ ‘ 

I. The narration was » fnl- 
: >omely, tnrgid a$ one would 
''teqfect, though it can study be 
forgiven for. cnffing die 
^bathysphere's progress an ‘in- 
^ tergdactfc journey”, with; the 
^plankton standing in for star 
'Icfosters and llie streaks of 
*’ bi olnmiflescencefor meteors. 

" 4 *, 


'• Kent Opera arcjjpmglo the 
„ Vienna^ Festival at 

1 War givefaree ■ 

of T^ Vid^Tft niitrt^a foe 

Opera in London 

The M^kof^y V 
Coliseum .■ ! 

Birtwistle's second opera has 
been a long, time with the 
shadows. Murinurings of it 
were first brand .more, than 1$ 
years ago, followed by the 
more tangible ■. evidence ■ of 

of -the tibrettaf Parfes^Sm 
Covent Garden, - and from 
GlyqfebOftrne here seat back 
to bring toe.thing into the 
3S Fiona Maddocks 
on: .this page last 
■week; -but evidently both 
looked over their shoulders at 
the fateful moment, and it has 
been -left to the English Na- 
tional Opera to reveal a work 
of immense .power and 

After such a wait,- expecta- 
tions have, been running ex- 
ceedingly high and - there must 
"be m any - who ' have been . 
graphing :fo farm their own 
impressions of what the even- 
tual opera would be like. It 
was a situation -almost mafe - 
for disappointment, and •yet 
The Mask of Orpheus turns 
out lo be both a richer and a 
more- Single, strong -and dy- 
namic experience than- one - 
had dazed hope, I remarked 
here a couple ofyears ago that ‘ 

Birtwistle’s earlier Punch and 
Judy wfe. toe. one perfectly 
satisfactory remvention of op- 
era’ since Stravinsky. Now 
there is anothet- 

It does nov however, show 
its purpose all at once. The 
■rhythm of the operafe one of 
increasing tension as the 
wheels of . circular events are 
swung into ever-faster -mo- 
tion. This matrix fora relative- 
ly stow and diffuse first act, 
where what we see. on stage . 
seems, partial and makeshift: 
there , are things happening 
beydndj: of which we hear ! 
amplffietf/whiSpaSftgs; and.:. . 
the whole fepression'is of -extraordinary procession of 
dramatic, and musical ele- - deep wind chords as Orphcu^ 


Philip Laagridge suctions lyricism naed to great, effect 

mpTiot being, “weighed and 
assembledTSome of; those 
elements are striking. There is 
a love duet of ice-cold eroti- 
cism where the partners chant 

remembers his future journey, 
that action and music are 
gripped as one. 

The second act offers musi- 
cal, repetitiveness to power a 

oir each other’s nam es,' and relatively straight unfolding of 
then a rampaging enjiy for ihe Orpheus's travel to the under- 
pn«^ wilhtoe noisedfwdoi . woridand bade the generating 
and- drafts. Lajer-ff ^^yawp symbol ^That ofn sjstein of 
aria^ fbr Eurid3ce'is a“vocal^mches, each ; a station 
foyer that qwto avt^The' myth,: and; eadr presented 
waiting -tatoov But ijf is- onfy * the saraeiiHiSfcar farm of sung 
at the end of the ai^withThe 
hysterical, cdoranna of the 

mimes, which- in the first act 
had been- a source of inded- 
sion, now has a. straightfor- 
ward function, though the 
orchestra retains its powerful 
place, dependent on the stage 
but not bound by it. As 
Orpheus moves towards the 

things become more over- 
whelming still in toe last act, 
where both muse and action 
move in cycles pf different 
repetition: the governing im- 
age is how that of tides, each 
one shifting the arrangement 
of details in multiple re- 
enactments of Orpheus's 
death. There are again many 
extraordinary details: the great 
electronic dang that keeps 
shivering the auditorium, the 
urgent orchestral manoeuvres 
led by- brass' marching up- 
wards fiom the bass, a. fantas- 
tically strange soprano-tenor 
duet for. Orpheus as oracle. 
But the mind is gripped 
throughout by a work that has 
bit the centre of its territory. 

In the first half of t hi s 
century ft was possible for 
artists like Stravinsky, Eliot 
and Strauss to deal with myth 
on terms • of familiarity. 
Birtwistle, on the other hand, 
shows us something alien, 
even barbaric, but terribly 
important. Or tire comparison 
might be made with other 
times in operatic history when 
a new version of the Orpheus 
legend was called up to answer 
a new vision not only of opera 
but also of the nature of the 
self Birtwistle's work is noth- 
ing less. 

And it is admirably present- 
ed. Philip Langridge uses his 
anxious lyricism to great effect 
in the long central role, and 
Jean Rigby and Ethna Robin- 
son are well matched as 
alternative, darkly-voiced 
Euridices; Marie Angel gives a 
startling performance as the 
Oracle of the Dead. The 
orchestral score, with all its 
dense brooding, ceremonies, 
alarms and ticking mecha- 
nisms, sounds magnificent un- 
der the direction of Elgar 
Howarth and Paul Daniel, 
though the wind need to be 
brought up to the level of the 
amplified percussion. Bany 
Anderson, who assisted Birt- 
wistle in the composition of 
the very important and awe- 
somely successful tape sec- 
tions, is in charge of the 

David Freeman produces, 
and Jocelyn Herbert designs, a 
staging that mightily activates 
the savagery of Greek culture 

•mewtabte Toss, far insaance, : ^ nt M Meso _ 

the orchestra builds opa huge Africa, and the mime artists, 
^movement that intensifies the ^ ^ Graham Walteis a* a 

Theater an .The wlMtu ^ a m — — — 

dates are Jur£e9,Tl aftd'lz. , . l ofacteoftbe Dead and a quite 'main roles: by ; singers .aid 

narratioir and mimed' enact- v.i .The gyrations ordres- -different 
ment Thel doubling pf the , ■•tra that is m ifce same place . 

but not doing quite The same- 

PauJ Griffiths 

. The lady and the tramp, new-style: Nkk Nolte in the “Boadn" role, and the d(% 
apparently in need rf-Sts analyst, in Dam t and Oat in Beterty Hills- 


Hollywood’s idea of farce 

Down and Out in 
Beverly Hills (15) 
Odeon Leicester 

The Mystery of 
Alexina (15) 

Biggies (PG) 


Paul Mazursky claims to be "“a 
very great fan" of Jean Renoir; 
but to remake Renoir’s Boudu 
same deseaux in theshape of 
Down and Oat in Beverly 
Hills seems a funny way of 
showing it Adapted fiom a 
play of 1919 by Rene 
Fauchois, Boudu was Renoir’s 
comic celebration of the un- 
spoiled pagan slob. In the 
original, Boudu. played by 
Michel Simon, .is a Parisian 
tramp who whimsically essays 
suicide fiom the Pont des 
Arts. He is rescued by a 
bourgeois bookseller of liberal 
inclinations, who takes Boudu 
into his home in an effort to 
redeem him. Lustful, glut- 
tonous, lazy and magnificent- 
ly ungrateftil, Boudu brings 
chaos to this polite household, 
insulting his benefactor’s cus- 
tomers, seducing the maid, 
curing the sexual frustrations 
pf the wife and using Tare 
editions as spittoons.- 
Mazursky and his co-writer 
Leon Capetanos havetransiat-'. 

ed the story to contemporary 
America. The Whitemans are 
just another ordinary Califor- 
nian family. Husband {Rich- 
ard Dreyfuss) is a successful 
manufacturer of wire coat- 
hangers, who exploits illegal 
immigrant labour, drives a 
Rolls and sleeps .with the 
maid. Wife (Bette Midler) is a 
monstrous shrew with a guru, 
a health diet, an intermittent 
drink problem and gnawing 
sexual hunger. Thor daughter 
is anorexic, .their son is a 
transvestite, and .even their 
dog has hi$ own jpsychiatrist 

Nick Nolte plays the bum — 
; a left-over Sixties, drop-out — 
who' irrupts into their opulent 
little haven when he attempts 
■ suicide in the swimming pool. 
Inevitably, after the first 
shock, everyone (including the 
dog) falls in love with him, 
and the family’s psychological 
problems are solved. 

The most significant depar- 
ture from Boudu is the ending 
of Beverly Hills. Boudu, 
threatened with a bourgeois 
-marriage, jumps back into the 
Seine, and is last seen disap- 
pearing into the countryside 
and freedom. Nick Nolte tries 
to make a getaway, but then 
turns back, lured by creature 
comforts. Of course there are 
more d i fferences between the 
films than that. Down and Out 
in Beverly Hills does not.go 
outside the conventions of the 

was a girl. The timid Adelaide, 
known as Alexina, only be- 
came aware of his difference 
from other girls when he took 
a job as a teacher in a girls’ 
school and fell-in love with his 
room-mate. The affair became 
a scandal, with more misery 
and notoriety to foDow when 
in 1860. the Church recognized 
the error and renamed Ade- 
laide AbeL Unable to cope 
with the attitudes of a hypo- 
critically outraged society, the 
-difficulty of adjusting to his 
new identity after a lifetime's 
training as a woman, and the 
disappointment of his love- 
affair, AJexina-Abel commit- 
ted suicide. 

Feret compensates for the 
lack of means for large-scale 
period reconstruction with the 
care far detail and the grace 
and discretion with which he 
builds up the portrait of his 
strange, sad hero. Mach is due 
to the inspired casting of the 
sweet-faced, small-voiced Phi- 
lippe Vuilleman — not a 
professional actor, but .well 
known, .as. a .cartoonist — as 

Just when British films 
seem to be doing so well, 
Biggies comes along' to show 
the other side of things. It 
might for a start appear an odd 
decision to put Biggies on the 
screen at this juncture: how 
many, of - today’s filmgoers 
remember- Captain W.E. 




« r,-: 

r rust* prod nctfoff of Berg's 

_ Vozzedc stagedbj’lheRonia- 
-Afuan .director Livia Qulei for 
jf^Welsh National Opera^ begins 
'-^arkly'-enougfci A .blotchy, 
^corrugated ''floor: arid .fence, 
- coils of wire hanging 
ftp the flies; a: Iandscape 
s. 10 ; be peopted by mad- 
'• men 4hd ‘zombies. Brit, as' 
^ scene after scene of ingenious- 
ly deyised symbolism presses 
soldier^ ; tragedy rtb., its 
chilling conclusion, it is dear 
*y|6at this is a, nightmare of 
^{farticularly bnljiant devising. 

Ciulei wisely puts, context 

; befbpei xonceptsZ TheTtoedy been sniffing tind ■ touffling 
^ dradgetyand petty -buDying of around anefe the beginning — 
. the army tanadcs is evoked a neat way of expressing 
■ - first: rows of anonymous sol- . wozzeck’s own fatalistic ob- 
“diers scrubbing the flow; soul- • nervation that there's some- 
destroying drilis; ■ degrading 
medical inspections. Then in 
Act Q, as toe -tragic coose- 
quences of. Marie’s . infidelity 
become japparent, Ciulei be- 
0ns to emphasize toe other 
side of Buchner’s message. A 
bourgeois, crowd gathers to 
observe, voyetnistically but 

with callous unconcern, eveiy 
turn of toe screw in this 
working-class tragedy. 

• The fleshing-oot of Berg’s 
leap 15-scene structure is also 
maintained on different levels 
simultaneously. 'Characters 
frequently drift around scenes 
in which they .have no pert. 
The Idiot who so significantly 
“smeBs blood" at Act.lTs 
conclusion, -'for instance, has 


In tin® 




. • - New production with 

designs by David Walker 

; . cdebraredscore, Ashton’s 

' ballet captures the magic of Shakespeare s play^ 

" ■■' ' with ‘ 

Les Patineurs/ 

. Scenes de ballet 

June 6 , 9 , 12 , 14, 27 at 7 . 3 ppm. - • 

. Les Patineiirs/ 
Return to the Strange Land 

june.26, 30, July 1 ar 7.30pm 

wvii - . -• 

Aa^ss/Visa/DuKre Club- 


tune 7,24, 28, July 3 at 7.30pnr - 
. June-23 ai 8.00pm ' . 

RoyalOpera House 

thing, following -us down 
there". And, whfle Wozzcck is 
undergmng toe doctor's sadis- 
tic experiments (wfth more 
-toau a him of toe " horror 
movie about - the- primitive 
xuigical. appliances assem- 
bled), Marie is. already ffirting 
with the Dram-Major. . 

Perhaps this multi-level ac- 
tivity, for all its hysterical 
aptness when evoking the 
dangerous - edginess of toe 
dance-hall scene, becomes too 
distracting at points where 
Bergs music supplies its’ own 
ov?rwhelming psychological 
commentary. 'One thinks of 
Wozztak’s traumatic Act n 
interview with toe. Doctor arid 
the' Captain, which should ] 
surely, fully. Here it 
was upstaged -by Marie, dress- 
ingfiom toe stockings up. 

Moreover, although most of 
the notoriously problematical 
scene-changes .woe cleverly 
solved, toe rattle of moving 
wire intruded badly into toe D 
fmirtor orchestral interlude, 
the opera’s musical dimax 
(and also, : intidemaUyr~toe' 
place where the conductor 
Richard Armstrong and his 
players crowned-a magnificent 
achrevenient in.the pit). Still, 
thic did at least allow Ciulei to 
set tip his last, bloodstained 
coup de theatre: a .'“final 
curtain" infeed. . 

The cast -responded with 
varying degrees of success to 
toe expressionist production 
style - and toe demands of 
Berg’s vocal writing. Hddwen 
Harrhy’s Marie was an entire- 
ly. credBKe creation — a dul- 
tish.seedy rag-fell who briefly 

v^^n^duced by tbe Druirh 
Major. Sk also moved, most 
easfty from speech to -ringing, 
though her voice ideally need- 
ed. .a harder, edge to cut 
thicnigh the orchestral tutiis. 

1 Phillip Jon, in-toe title role, 
managed toe sprechstimme 

'"‘I- V Theatre 

Sporting with human folly 

Humour . 

Swan, Stratford \ 

The neglect of Ben Jonson 
may be a standing disgrace to 
the English stage; but whenev- 
er a management does [venture 
into unknown Jonsonian terri- 
tory it is only to stagger back 
in defeat and confirm toe idea 
that most of toe work of our 
secoftd greatest playwright has 
dated beyond recovery. - 
Every Man in His Humour 
has -all the characteristics that 
have kept Jonson off toe 
modern stage. It is a learned 
piece, modelled on Roman 
comedy arid following the 
“humour" system which pre- 
sents character as a pre- 
selected bundle of personality 
traits: which in this case is 
represented by a menagerie of 
fools whose obsessions, nave 

passion. Adultery, betrayals 
and the threat of death pos- 
sessed the action; but only in 
the imagination of a group of 
characters who never do any- 
thing worse than walloping 
each other with limp cudgels. 

The play- begins and ends 
with young Edward’s scheme 
to outwit his father and marry 
the girl of his choice. Typical- 
ly, Jonson pushes the love 
interest well off-centre and 
devotes most of the play to 
three periodically interlocking 
intrigues, involving a braggart 
captain (Bobadill), a jealous . 
merchant (Kjtely) and toe 
swing father— with the whole 
thing propelled on its merry 
way by a wily servant 
(Brain worm) who pops up in 
ever more impenetrable dis- 

In the absence of a direct 
plot-tine, this is not easy to 
disentangle on toe page. 
Cainfs production reveals 
what one would hare sup- 
posed from the play’s history. 

matchlessly- sensitive instru- 
ment for Elizabethan comedy. 
The depth of .the stage lends 
itself to highly detailed simul- 
taneous action, toe galleries 
allow a sense of busy London 
hfe going on in toe back- 
ground, while toe forestage 
permits the greatest intimacy 
and speed of direct address — 
with characters singling out 
individual cronies and shoot- 
ing off nervous enquiries to 
the house in the midst of 
highly-charged dramatic busi- 

The master of this tech- 
nique is. Henry Goodman's 
Kitely, an amiable husband' 
given to vertical take-offs into, 
jealous delirium, repeatedly 
switching between these ex- 
tremes plus desperate appeals 
to the house within a single 

Another towering perfor- 
mance comes fiom Pete 
Postiethwaite, who converts 
Bobadill from a. stereotyped 
Pistol roarer into a decayed. 

Hollywood fame of manners. ' Johns’s hero? Once comhm- 
The casting has some novelty: ted, though, toe flying ace 
.Dreyfuss and Midler are seen 
in interesting new lights as the 
monstrous middle-aged cou- 
ple; and toe veteran singer 
little Richard turns out to be 
a promisingco median. 

Le Mysttre Alexina, pro- 
duced, directed and co- 
scripted by Rent Feret, is an 
attractive oddity. Feret’s co- 
scenarist is Jean Gruault, who 
worked with Francois Truf- 
faut on L’Enfam sauvage, and 
this film has some, similarity 
as a reconstruction of a real- 

might w^} have been made 
over into a sort of period 
James Bondrlnstead there is a 
misguided and inept attempt 
to give the film an appeal for 
imagined mid-Allannc teen- 
age audiences. .The central 
character is a boyish New 
York businessman of 1986 
who keeps falling through a 
time-warp and getting caught 
up in random adventures of 
Biggies , and his pals on the 
Western Front, 1917. 

. The script is witless, .toe 

life 1 9tb-century case-history, direction is showy , and toe 
based on the journals of the performances of the twin ho- 

central figure. 

Adelaide Herculinc Barbin 
was in fact born male, in 1838, 
but, as a result of a mix-up 
with the Earth certificate and 
his mother’s phenomenal in- 
curiosity- or prudery, was 
brought up in the belief that he 

roes (Neil Dixon as Biggies 
and Alex Hyde-White) are 
weakly amiable. The principal 
consolation is a cadaverous 
Peter Cushing as Biggies’s old 
C.O M Captain Raymond. ■ 

David Robinson 

shed the' topicality they- en- 

I Inmrjf jn f CQO uuill uiy i» iUMVi j, * wai svbim uuv s» wvuijvu, 

*. . . — that Jonson knew his business. -patoetieaHy-sdfri^rteous po- 

Every strand of intrigue, un- seer never more harmless 
winds with pellucid clarity than when-giving fencing les- 
and so do those nodal points sons _to tbe would-be. fire-, 
in the action where Jonson breathing Stephen (Paul 
brings on the whole crowd to Greenwood): 

At that date Jonson was 26, 
and with - no trace of toe 
t,cantankerou&jmoraJi& Every 
Mon brought him immediate 
-popular success. And toe first 
thing to be claimed for John 
Cainrs brilliant revival is that 
it fully projects toe sense of a 
young man's play — revelling 
in creative energy and the 
assurance of giving the public 
agoodtimt . . 

Famously, Jonson declared 
its. aim was to. “sport with • 
human follies, riot its crimes”. ; 
This does not mean that he 

throw their weight about and 
get their lines crossed at the 
Windmill Tavern and the 
house of Cob, - a harmless 
water-bearer, where Kitely 
and_ his wife triumphantly 
rnllirfo ffach thinking he has 
caught the other out aLajpiace 
of assignation. - 
' The Swan, well though ft 
appeared in T wo Noble Kins- 

was- ruling out violence' arid - men, here proves itself a 

Mr Greenwood, steadily ac- 
cumulating martial character- 
istics throughout the evening, 
gives toe lie to the notion that 
Jonson’s characters remain 
fixed. Philip Franks (as a' 
poetic gull) and David Haig as 
the many-faced Brain worm 
are among others who lift this 
into a blissfully fazmy event. 

Irving Wardle 

idio m less well; he was best 
when singing straight out 
front, as in his powerful and 
moving final scene.- Bnt his 
lumbering, clumsy Wozzcck is 
already an impressive protag- 
onist, even if it seems unlikely 
that he would be .easily 
knocked about by. -Warren 
Ellsworth’s; strutting. selTre- 
garding Drum-Major. 

. Elsewhere Nigel t Douglas 
offers a superbly sinister Cap- 
tain — a Dr Strangelove figure 
of countless mask traits. This, 
makes Sean Rea’s Doctor 
seem rather too -sane. -Both, 
however, sing with admirable 
clarity, as .does Michael Clif- 
ton-Thompson's Andres. 

Richard Morrisdn 


As a resit rt strict ex c h an ge control reguttfons when tar decades have been erforced tr/ numerous courtnes 
avou^iout the wtrti the pretner mw* at movng mean Mbs* conoweraig tttese ads. was aid s the acqustnn 
and consequent disposal of fine • 


Some ot the owners through I 
basis to reaiee enmeoae casti Now I 

| now etaMd BBtamsthrouyi Her ufes^ s Bonded I 



; Ubon rejection of the ma rchant fea we are datghtBd*D tod rare and unusual pieces depetng origins from 
Vybrta Renowned wmwnig Are* « PBisa • Ttaiiey • Rmsa • Cnra e • Aighasstan • Aimerae • 

• Pafustan ana others. ■ 

Cm mtonnaaon leads us v befieve ftat the value Of such pieces coleefray exceeds C4.000IX» Therefore, kne 
«rcaw! ma a seoes ratner tnan one auction be held n London and poart w y omsr major nernaasnal esns tat me 


The %sl tamfttton and auction wfl be hdd at 

SundB)f29Bimyl986at3pjn.prampdjr . 

P-j Pmwewmg from ntxnto 3 pm 

Temfs: cash, cheque and ad major aetft cards with 0. 
fk>txiyersprefnuniansauc&an. " 

. For gwsewsmn9Wre^xponinrttn^tfjandra. pacing dtx ^ Tieniaiitxi and shipping facaties. are avaiable. 
bitnesimmedtarowntutirearoons. ’ • 

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SnMSLANA pstvbvzewkka 

WhlfnrfwNfbcthinsflgltt for supremacy 
during thesacond yearof me French y 
Republlt; the personal duel between,' 

' me two tttansof the Revolution^/ 
Danton ano Robespierre— - 
.in* reaches its fatN climax 



from tm nouei m rums MASW 

a tmnitag oleceof tneatralttseplc in 
and Imopnantin the Issues itraises... 

JUEffnniGEVBIUIG' cuanaan 


Drovldesa powerful night out. . . 

JuHet Stevenson isamagnrflcent Cress iaa’foddv 


This production Is cr»o# thoseoearts you 

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1986 . 






Avon and Somerset Police Authority members feeing a barrage of bottles and bricks from their officers during a demonstration of new rioteqmpment. 

X»*5 ; 


' ! ' 
: qf - . . 

- - ^ * 2 * 

Worst week of violence in Northern Ireland Fears for Chemical WeapODS talks 

IRA mine attack kills 
3 in ‘bandit country’ $%3£Sx 

Two Royal Ulster Constab- 
ulary officers and a major in 
the ’British Army were killed 
yesterday in a Provisional 
IRA land mine attack on a 
joint army-police foot patrol 
in the heart of Northern 
Ireland's “bandit country**. 

The three men took the 
force of the explosion which 
was detonated by terrotists 
hiding in nearby hills as the 
patrol clambered over a ditch 
one-and-a-half miles east of 
Cross Maglen in County' 

Five other men in the patrol 
escaped injury when the land 
mine, which had been hidden 
in the ditch, was detonated, 
hurling its victims several 
yards into the air. The attack, 
near Milltown Bridge, makes 
the last seven days the worst 
for terrorist killings in the 
north since March 1985. 
bringing- to sis the number of 
people killed by the Provision- 
al IRA in the week. 

The terrorists have struck 
five times in South Armagh 
and around Newry and three 
nights a£Q they strode at 
another foot patrol in County 

By Richard Ford. Belfast 

Fermanagh injuring another 

The attacks near the border 
will increase pressure on Dr 
Garret FitzGerald’s coalition 
government as one of the aims 
of the Anglo-Irish Agreement 
was to improve border 

Last night Mr James 
Molvneaux, leader of the Offi- 
cial Unionists, said that tire 
killings showed the deceit and 
hypocrisy of the agreement 
and that Dublin had failed to 
deliver more effective security 

The dead soldier was Major 
Andrew French, aged 35. of 
the Royal Anglian Regiment 
He was commander of the 
Regiment's company based at 
Cross Maglen and had joined 
the army in 1972. Mr French, 
a single man from Leision, 
Suffolk, was awarded the MBE 
in 1 980 and had arrived in the 
province for a four-month 
tour of duty less than four 
weeks ago. He is the second 
soldier to die in the troubles 
this year. 

The names of the dead RUC 
officers are being withheld 

until their next of kin have 
been informed. 

Members of the patrol were 
crossing the ditch when the 
terrorists launched their at- 
tack and boulders flew over 
100 yards before crashing 
through the roofs of homes. 

Mrs Mary Traynor whose 
home was damaged in the 
explosion said: “It was the 
loudest explosion there has 
been since the troubles 

Because of the terrain and 
dangerous nature of the area 
for members of the security 
forces, much of their work is 
carried out using helicopters. 
The injured men were flown 
to Daisy Hill hospital Newry, 
County Down, where they 
were dead on arrival. 

Army helicopters ferried in 
extra troops and the scene of 
the explosion was sealed off 
for most of yesterday. 

This year the troubles have 
claimed five RUC officers, 
one RUC reservist, two sol- 
diers, four members of the 
Ulster Defence Regiment and 
12 civilians. 


The General Medical Coun- 
cil said yesterday that univer- 
sity cats and National Health 
Service constraints were 
threatening medical education 
to the point where recognition 
of some medical degrees could 
be a problem (Oar Social 
Services Correspondent 

Professor Arthur Crisp, 
chairman of the University 
Grants Committee's education 
committee, said there was 
growing concern that medical 
training was being threatened 

He said that for universities 
working to improve communi- 
ty medicine and general prac- 
tice training “the 1970s were a 
time of standstill and the 
19ffl)s have been a period of 
remorseless cutbacks. 

“We are seriously con- 
cerned that the result will be 
less well qualified doctors and 1 
less good care for patients.” 

A report on the difficulties 
facing medical schools promp- 
ted the GMC yesterday to 
express its concern to the 
Department of Health, the 
Department of Education and 
Science and theUGC. 

The report said that 14 oat 
of IS medical schools had told 
the GMC that in 1984-85 they 
had difficulties In achieving 
educational objectives 

From Rodney Cowton 

Military staffs in Nato 
countries are discussing with 
the United States contingency 
plans that could lead to the 
storing of chemical weapons 
in their countries if war 
seemed imminent 
Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, said he 
expected the preparation or 
the plans and the consultation 
with allies to "be completed 
very shortly**. • 

However, Mr George Youn- 
ger, the British Defence Secre- 
tary, said he had no knowledge 
of any request from Washing- 
ton for the positioning of 
chemical weapons in Britain 
during a penod of crisis or 

war. He said it was possible 
contingency planning was go- 
ing on, but nothing had been 
referred to him. - 

Even during war. the stor- 
age of chemical weapons in 
Britain would have to be 
agreed to by the Prime Minis- 
ter, who would have a veto bn 
their positioning and use. 

A programme for the manu- 
facture of chemical weapons 
by the US, for the first time 
since 1969, foresees the new 
weapons being stored in 
America during peace tune. 
But ministers race the politi- 
cally sensitive problem of pre- 
arranging the deployment of 
the weapons. 

Although it is thought the 
present discussions have not 

yet reached tire highest mili- 
tary levels, they will have to be 
brought forward for political 
approval within the next few 
months. _ - ' . 

Defence mhnsteis, meeting 
in the Nato Defence Planning 
Committee at Brussels; yester- 
day endorsed a formal request 
that foe US should modernize 
its stocks of these weapons. 

Congress has authorized the 
spending of $167; million 
(about £106 million) on mod- 
ernization, provided that 
President Reagan certify by 
October foat Naio las ap- 
proved the programme, and 
that a plan for the deployment 
of weapons in .times of crises 
has been drawn up in consul- 
ration with Nato allies. 

Update for 


l.< ■ • 

i • « _* *• 

I***. -- 


•; Hanst* n 

The Governmem is to mod- 
ernize its ballistic missile early 
warning system at 
Fylmgdates. North Yorkshire, 
Mr Jobs Stanley. Minister for 
tire Aimed Fbna^aonouaced 
Last night (Our Political Staff 

He said the British and 
Americangovernments would 
carry out the work, which 
would enhance; the overall 
safety of Nato. 

. “We are satisfied that the 
modernization of tfcfcsysteai 
futty conforms with' united 
States obligations under the 
anti- ballistic missfle treaty.** . ^ 

'A -■■■■ •• 

Militants determined to resist purge 

By Peter Davenport 

Labour Party leaders, who 
have finally begun to expel 
their Militant members in 
Liverpool can have little 
doubt that prising Militant 
from its grip on political 
power in the city still remains 
a formidable task. . . 

The NEC may yet have to 
order the disbandment of 
constituency and ward organi- 
zations which have said they 
will refuse to recognize any 

The first test of the party's 
resolve to make its purge of 
Militant genuinely effective 
could come next Tuesday, 
when Councillor Tony 
Mulhearo, president of the 
disbanded District Labour 
Party and expelled by the NEC 
yesterday, is due to attend a 
meeting of the Gaisfon con- 
stituency party. 

. An indication of the con- 
tinuing problems that Militant 
pose for Mr Kinhock and the 
Labour leadership came yes- 
terday in reactions in Liver- 

pool to the first expulsions. 

Mr Mulhearo said that he 
intended to carry on as a 
councillor and party member 
and to appeal against the 
decision at Labour’s October 
conference. ' 

Mr Derek Hatton, the depu- 
ty leader, who left tire NEC 
hearing before his case could 
be called, sakt “The whole 
thing is a disgrace. The trade 
union movement and foe 
party in Liverpool will not 
accept this. As for as we are 
concerned, Tony Midbeani 

will remain a member of the 
panyt'V ■; ■;■■■■■ 

. Other Labour figures in the 
city, indutfing those opposed 
to Militant, also voiced their 
opposition to the NEC action. 

. After foe suspension and 
disbandment of. the DLP, 
party affairs in foe city were to 
have been ran by a temporary 
co-ordinating committee, but 
hopes that ft would be free of 
Militant influence ended 
was elected as its chairiwan . 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Princess Margaret opens the 
new Oncology Unit and CT 
Scanner Unit. Norfolk and Nor- 
wich Hospital Norwich, 12.15. 
New exhibitions 
Bath Festival: Contemporary 
Art Fair; Assembly Rooms. 
Bath: today until Monday 10.30 
to 7 (until May 26). 

Artist and Model: pictures by 
Magi Ham b ling of Max Wall; 
Prints and drawings by Walter 
Richard Sicken of Cicely Hey: 
Whitworth An Gallery. Man- 
chester University. Whitworth 
Park: Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Thors 
10 to 9 (until July 19). 


Recital by Peter Cropper (vi- 
olin) and Peter Hin (piano), 
12.45: Piano recital by Malcolm 
Bi Ison. 7.45; Crucible Studio, 

Reading Festival Recital by- 
Gerard Farrell, (tablas) and ; 
Lewis Riley (sitarj: Civic Cen- j 
ire, Reading. 12.45; Organ re- | 

dial by Carlo Curley; The Old 
Town Hall Blagrave St, Read- 

ing. 7 JO. 

Concert by the Poole and 
Parksione Operatic Society, the 
Bournemouth Youth Orchestra 
with John Lawrenson and Linda 
Murray: Mill Down School 
BlandlbnL Dorset 7.30. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Preston Guild Hall 

Concert by the Phoenix Wind 
Quintet; The Pavilion. Harbour 
Sl. Broadstaiis, 7.45. 

Concert by the Grrmethorpe 
Colliery Band; Park View The- 
atre. Chester le Street, Co 
Durham, 7.45. 

Redial by Bell Mary Owen 
; (soprano) and Robin Zebaida 
(piano); New College Chapel 
Oxford. 1.15. 


David Hockney and R B 
Kitaj: The Draughtsman's Art; 
Whitworth Art Gallery, Man- 
chester University, 1.15. 

Chippenham Folk Festival: 
concerts, dances, displays, mu- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,053 

sic, crafts, workshops, street 
theatre, poetry, jazz and fire- 
works; Chippenham Town Cen- 
tre. today 2 pm to 11.55 pm, 
tomorrow to Sun 930pm to 
11.55pm; for details contact 

Flower Festival 

commemorating 900 years since 
the Domesday Book; St Nicho- 
las. Church, Brocken hurst, 
Hants; today and tomorrow 10 
to 5. Sun and Mon 12.30 to 6 
(ends May 26). 

Swanage Railway Pageant of 
Transport and Costume; 
Swanage Station, today until 
Mon 10 to 6 fends May 26). 

Bath Festival 

A pageant organised by the 
Avon and Somerset Constabu- 
lary on the Royal Crescent Lawn 
and in the Royal Victoria Park, 
Baih, at 7J0 this evening, 
heralds the start of (he Bath 
International Festival of Music 
and the Arcs. 

The 1986 programme cele- 
brates the culture, art and music 
of France. Major events include 
the French Ensemble 
lnierepntemporain, the City of 
Birmingham Sympony Or- 
chestra, Monteverdi's opera 
‘Orfeo’, sculpture by Anne and 
Patrick Poirier and choral mu- 
sic, chamber concerts, art fair, 
jazz, opera, tours, recitals, 
exhibtions and films. 

For further information Tel: 
(0225) 62331 ; Box Office (0225) 
63362. The festival continues 
until June 8. 

Top Films 

The top box-office fBras m Lon- 

1(1) The Jews! of toe NBe 
2 (-1 914 Weeks 
3(2) A Room With a View 
4(4) Jagged Edge 

5 (3V Out of Africa 

6 (4 The l-fitchor 

7 ( ra Remo - Unarmed aid Dan- 

FOOd prices 

English farm salmon is raak- : 
ing its first appearance in the 
shops this week and compares 
very well in looks and quality 
with Scottish form salmon. It is 
retailing at about £4.40 a Ih. 

British chicken sales are up by 
two per cent in a total meat 
market which shows a decline of 
one per cent Whole fresh 
chicken ranges from 62-89palb, 
boneless breasts £2. 1 9-£2.89 a lb 
and poussins £1.15 a lb. 

Home produced Iamb prices 
have eased considerably, as 
much as four or five pence a 
pound on leg and chops. Pork 
loin and rib chops are sljghily 
cheaper at an average price of 
£1.39 and £131 respectively. 

A selection of offers at shops 
and supermarkets are: Sains- 
bury: 1 3p off all leg and shoulder 
cuts of home produced lamb. 
20p off beef topside, top rump, 
silverside and aitchbone; 
Safeway: Home produced whole 
leg of pork 89p a lb, frozen 
minced beef 79p a lb; Marks 
I and Spencen Danish cured pork 
loin chops down 20p to £2:15 a 
lb; British Horae Stores: Fresh 
chicken (SUOlAlbs weight) 
£2.49 each, 21b pocks of minced 
beef £1.99 a pack. 

Spanish and Italian straw- 
berries must be the bargain of 
the week at 30-55p a lb. Lemons 
6-l8p each, oranges 6-28p each 
and grapefruit 14-28p each are 
all good buys. There is an good 
selection of dessert apples from 
the continent. New Zealand. 
Chile, South Africa, Canada and 
the US, and home grown from 
20-48 p a lb. Apricots from the 
US cost around £2 a lb, Tu- 
nisian ones are about £1 a lb. but 
Spanish apricots, which have 
just arrived, are selling at 50-75p 

Salad ingredients area very 
good and the Dutch. English 
and Jersey hothouse tomatoes 
are excellent at 50-68p a lb. 

Travel news 


British Raft are ntnning extra 
trams during the Spring Bank 
holiday, fassengers are advised 
to check travel details in ad- 
vance at their local station and 
to. reserve seats on popular 
Intercity routes between Lon- 
don, Scotland and the West 

Today Normal waotodsy service 
supptamantad by adcttttonal loins on 
InterCSty routes between London, the 
North-east. Scotland and (he West Coun- 
try and Wales. Extra trams to Scum const 
resorts. ' . 

Tomorrow and Swxtsy; Nonna! service 
on most routes supplemented by some 
adcBoomri trams. 

Monday Sane ow* morning end He 
owning services wit oe wNhdniwn and 
addttarul trains wM run on principal 
MarCHy routes. 

Tuesday: Normad weekday service writ 
operate on at tries. 




The Briiish Isles are cov- 
ered with a . SW flow 
between a depression near 
Ireland and high pressure 
over France. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE Bntfand, East An- 
gfia, Channel Islands: Cloudy with 
rain in places at first, brighter and 
■mainly dry byiate momra wind SW 
moderate; max temp 16C (61 R. 

Central S, SW En^and. E NBd- 
tends: Sunny intervals, scattered 
mainly light showers; wind SW 
fresh; max temp 16C (61 F). 

E, NE England, Borders, Aber- 
deen: Sunny intervals, scattered 
showers chiefly in the afternoon; 
wind SW strong; max temp 15C 

W MUands, Wales, NE, central 
N England. Lake District, fade of 
Man, E di nb u r g h, Dundee, SW Scot- 
land, Glasgow, Morey Firth, Norttt- 

NOON TOOAKFMcnro k tbmm mmOKbtm HIOtlBWSro 


V} T-r-'i i r ? 


0L 2. 

High Tides 

em Ireland: Sunny intervals, raid 
showers; wind SW strong; max 
temp 15C(59B. 

Central Highlands, Argyll, ffW 
Scotland: Showers, frequent and 
heavy at times, some sunny inter- 
vals; wind SW strongjoca% gale 
farce; max temp 13C(55F). 


London Bra** 145 

Aberdeen 122 

Avomotoh 7124 

b« nm 

CantH 7.09 

Devonport 5.55 

Dower • 11.07 

.FahMath 525 

Gtagow 1248 

sr - ts- 

Bra wfa e 6.06 

UWi £29 

Liverpool 1128 

Lowestoft ‘ 950 

9 (MtyHateL 

ScoBand: Aft Single Gnc traffic on 
Glasgow Bd, Renfrew, at OW Govan Hd, In 
each draefion. KbkaMy: WOth msWe- 
tmnsfn High St at its Junction with Coal 
Wynd: delays. A932: Hoed Closed three 
rates E of Rxfsn drvoreion. 

Infon aario e wpiW ed Uy AA 

Parliament today 

Sunny intervals and showers; wtnd 
S strong; max temp 11C (52F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sun- 
day: Sunny intervals and showers 
tomorrow wif give way to. doudy 
weather with some rain Id most 
places on Sunday. 

□ Sun Rteec ~ Son Sets: 
4J59am 857 pm . 

Moon sets: Moon rises: 
422am 9.06 pm 

FuP moon 845 pm 

Mttue sky: bo blue sky and doud: c- 
-•tiudy: o-overcast: f fog: d -Oriole: b- 
jalfc mBi-mhi: rrate s-snow: m- 
thunderstorm: n-sbowees. 

Arrows show wtnd dUvctton. wind 
spe ed « mnto circled. Temperature 

mioni Haven 6.19 

Newquay 5.11 

gtmn 5.51 

Penzance 454 

Portland 7 JOS 

Pgr tHHum h 11.35 

Shora Nam 11-21 

Southampton 11.04 
Seamen - £27 
Teaa 347 

Tide ipwe din aueO 





8.1 1147 
44 1124 
9.6 653 
54 405 


-“•Ill* V»Jl *J . . 

Around Britain 

Commons (9. 
adjournment deba 



J Insect makes dog jump at 
first (10). 

6 Raised common funds for 
auditor (4). 

9 Deficiencies quite unlike 
those of Victoria (10). 

10 Face perhaps foiuiliar to 
witch (4). 

12 Reason for class to put pro- 
cedural question (5 JL5). 

15 He surely pays simple in- 
terest? (9) 

If Rah in Twelfth Night played 
by musician (5). 

18 From Irish house I brought 
back epic work (5). 

19 Fancy female worker to 
some extent (9). 

20 MPs in form restrained by 
supporters (12). 

24 Forecast that is so right? (4). 

25 Be reluctant to take down- 
ward path to hell ( 10). 

26 Anns which are identical for 
Europe and America (4). 

27 Stop feathers flying? (6,4). 


1 Son of cord worn round 
waist (4). 

2 Cheat cornered at start of 

game (4). # 

. 3 Country’s score (8.4). 

4 Mark two (5). 

5 Illegally obtained title long 
invalid (3-6). 

7 Protestant subscribers not in 
order on this (5,5). 

8 Confused like Solomon, rel- 
ative to Lily? (101 

11 Nabob wbo's just arrived in 
France (7,5). 

13 Dealing with admin to get 
church off the ground ( 10). 

14 Prodigy's invention (10). 

16 Like baby, in cooler hat (9). 

21 Raise one like a parasite? 

(S * 

22 Lose everything as a dnink- 
ard (4). 

23 Light.gas (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,052 




la, n y n o isi ■ 

•^_rx e o ;i a n 

iaase •siBGgiT.israBEgE 

W ^ 3 

rJOBEBIaSiu' i-JBffli'JnSS 
H 15 ra B ^ W ra 13 
.riEKKn jaiSRCERfflllBK 
n »» n P: raj a • ra hi 

10(9) Clockwise 

The top fibns in ttie provinces: 

1 Jagged Edge 

2 The Jewel of the N2e 

3 Out of Africa 

4 SpysUceUs 

5 Absolute Beginners 

SHPtowi bf &HM» HmtoW 

Top video rentals 

Ugfating-ap time 

LandDa 9 l 27 pm to 427 am 
toislDl 036 nm to 437 m 
EtSntauigli 10.03 pm to 4.16 am 
M widiav ter 945 pm to 4SSB am 
Pen remm 948 pm to 455 am 


Tiroes PortfoBo GaM roles ere as 


I Times Portfolio is free. Purchase 
of Trie Tunes is not a cowsuon of 
taking part, 

s; S'S: 

Prices Page b not dublbhed hi 

Condse Crossword page 10 

1 (2 Pale Rider 

20 Witness 

3(7 invasion USA 

4(3 A Nightmare on Elm Street 

5(15 Ufeforce 

6(4 A View to a Kit! 

7(5 Desperately Seeking Susan 
8(6 Polioe Academy 2: Their 1st 
9(8) Cat’s Eye 
10(11) My Scierese Prefect 
Stated by utMoaonsss 


Births: Lirnuuns (Carl von 
Ljno^L botanist. South Rashult. 

I Sweden. 1707; William Hunter, 
obstetrician and medical writer. 
Long Caiderwood. Lanarkshire. 
1718: Franz Mesmer. physician, 
near Weil. Germany. 1734; Sir 
Charles Barry. Architect Lon- i 
don. 1795; Otto Lffiendud, avi- 
ation pioneer. Anklam, 
Germany, 1848. 

Deaths: Girolamo Savonarola, 
preacher and martyr, hanged 
and burned. Florence. 1498; 

John Wood (Wood of Bath), 
architect and town planner. 
Bath. 1 754: Henrik Ibsen. Oslo. 
1906; John D Rockefeller, 
Ormond Beach, Florida, 1937. 

Twmaraturas to midday yesterday, e, 
Ctaud; r. fair; r, ram b. sun. . . . 


MtaM r rt 52 Guarani c 1254 
gn wgto to f 1457 townees t 948 
HncEpool »i35S Jersey s 1783 

Brfttft C 1457 LiaMtssi f 1559 

CvnSff . . c 1355 ITnelntor e 1355 

_ hrs to 
Sc e rfaoro 2 5 .12 
teMtoskm 2-6 33 
Cromer 3 .0 33 
Uwutoft 4.8 .15 
Ctaeton 45 JJ3 

ISSSW 3 ” 

Fo&Mtoae 4.7 .13 
Jtortngs 4X .17 
Eautbourm 42 .13 
Brighton Z2 .10 
Worthtag 33 .28 
UUtetaopta 2.7 .39 
BognarR 2.7 .19 
Scxtoiaoe 2.7 .17 
Smdow 23 .19 

■ SunRain Max 

_ lira in C F 

WteCQWbn 6.0 34 13 55 

ram GatwynBny 29 .13 14 57 

shrnws Douglas 1UJ 28 II 52 

towvwre BteuitiDAmwuss 

London' 0.8 .17 13 55 

raki Btwn Alraf -4.9 .10 15 59 

rain M 21 O S5 

rain C«B«a(CJrfi 5.7 .14 13 55 

rain Ae^ ee ey 67 .17 12 54 

rain *« * 

^P’Jrclu;,, s 



-45 .10 15 ®. 
40 51 » 55 
57 .1* 13 55 
ST .17 12 54 i 
IL6 .25 13 55. 
57 20 14 57 
33 20 14 57 . 
as - 15 59 : 
67 .it 13 55 

01— BOW I 948 rrmdo w y S.115Z y** " 1 *” 81 

In (he column! provided nett to I 
your snares note the price change t+ 
or •>. i n pen ce, as putotuted in trial 
day's Trines. 

The pound 



After iming the price c ha nges of 1 

your overall total plus or minus t+ or - 


Check your overall total aoabist Trie 

* The daUy .dtvwend win be 
announced each day and the weeMy 
dividend wm be announced ■■««* 
Saturday in Trie Trines. 

6 Times Portfolio tW and details of 
the daily or weekly dividend will also 
be avauaote lor inspection ai the 
offices of Trie Times. 

Hew te ptan 

Portfolio lotaL 

itcetd your dally ; 

Add these topether to deCermUia ! 
your -weekly Portfolio total. 1 


jew , 

Nettidi lands G 
Norway Kr 

Fjntotom to 48 70 11 52 

uuni 5?®*"*** 47 21 tl 52 

tommrs 7 £ M 12 64 

SSIr 8 thee 82 M 12 54 

Stowaw a y 7 A .17-12 W 

Una** 22 a ira 

wck 72 - J02 14 57 

KMow .-85 - 15 SB 

S h e iri i— &6 .11 15 59 

5t. An fto wo 80 .17 14 57 

Et tobur uU "81 .09 13 55 

Btotost : 86 28 13 55 1 

•v.'-W »♦. . 

1 we Wednesday's Bgoras 


Mfc R cloud; a. tireato: t, fair tg. fogr r. rain; s, sumsn. 1 

s g 72 Dotages e 49 88 Mtooms s SB 

f 23 73 Cptoge f IB 61 i S 

_ — „ g°f«“ ■ 28 82 mSa S 29 

* ” 52 Meta • m e 1 ta 

? if S £*"»«* * 26 re MeadcoC- I 21 

* 28 79 Fare • s 24 75 Miami* * on 

84 Mai . 

feet to 

■ “how 
to be 

He. Trie Editor’S 

dcrWon bjhwi ana' no carteoao 
dence win be entered Utto. 

YOU roust have yoor cant wtUi you i 
when you tdephooe. 

for any reason witain the stated 

RSIBS for siTtto denomtoatton twnk notes 

orriy suppted by Barclaya Bar* PLa 
Ditlerem rotes apply to travellers' 
«Mara and ottnr roraifin cummcy 

Ratal Price todec 3859 

tmidtoro iro.rr indsK ctosod up as at 

s 24 75 fa 
s 21 70 la 

* 13 55* 
a 17 83 J. 
t 24 76R 

* 22 72 L 


8 22 72-L 


I 68 Mwkh 
, TO Nairobi 

! rarfSS 

•• 88 NYoric' 
63. Mce 
' 97 Oslo 
70 Pads 
> 97 MAh 
70 PWtfa 


£9 Rio dad 
77 Riyadh 

* S 

■ rjs. '";,rv , 

- _.. 

... .... ... i 


1 jSi3 


- lr 

FRIDAY MAY 23 1986 



FT 30 Share 
1316.3 (+ 3 . 8 ) 
FT-SE 100 
1598.8 (+ 6 . 9 ) 

USM (Datastream) 
120.83 (- 0 . 22 ) 


US Dollar 
1.4960 (- 0 . 016 ) 
W German marie 
3.4056 (+ 0 . 0075 ) 
76.0 (- 0 . 4 ) 

$30m sale 
by Hanson 

Hanson Trust ha^ an- 
nounced another disposal 
from SCM the American 
company bought by its Ameri- 
can arm. Hanson Industries, 
for $920 million (£617 

It has agreed to sell the 
speciality chemicals manufac- 
turer, Sylvachem, to Interna- 
tional Paper Corporation for 
$30 million cash. Sylvachem 
made operating profits of 
about $3 million on sales of 
£43.3 million in its last finan- 
cial year. 

Hanson announced on 
Wednesday the SI 60 million 
sale of Allied Papers' paper 
operations at Jackson. 

Barker shares 
in demand 

The offer for sale of shares 
in Charles Barker Group has 
been oversubscribed 1 1 tunes. 
Employees made preferential 
applications for 686.600 
shares and applications up to 
6,000 will be met in full. Those 
in excess will receive 6,850. 

With public applications for 
between -200 and 2^00 there is 
a weighted ballot for 200. 
Those applying for 3,000 and 
above will receive approxi- 
mately 7.4 per cent 

£lm ahead 

Ferguson Industrial Hold- 
lbe packagin 

i fTTiTi *Tk!T riTTTTT i. 

to £15 million before tax in 
the year to February 28. 
Turnover rose . from £142 
million to £151 million and 
the total dividend is up from 
7-2p JO 7.9p Tempos page 19. 

89% accept 

The rights' issue by Low & 
Bonar, the packaging to elec- 
trical products group, has been 
taken up for 89.8 per cent of 
the 5.85 million ' shares 

No inquiry 

Greig, Middleton and Co, 
broker for Bestwood, the in-, 
vestment holding company, 
says that the Takeover Panel 
has confirmed that it has not , 
undertaken any formal inqui- 1 
ry into dealings by Bestwood 
in shares of the Country 
Gentlemen's Association, nor 
has it any plans to do so. 

Share success 

AJumasc Group's share of- 
fer was oversubscribed. The 
basis of allocation will be 
announced today. 

BHP stake 

An announcement by Equi- 
licbrp Tasman that it was a 
substantial buyer of BHP 
shares and options ended 
market speculation on who 
accounted for most of Wed- 
nesday’s turnover of 32.8 
million BHP shares. 

£4m purchases 

DRG has spent a further £4 
million to acquire two more 
businesses in the latest of the 
scries of acquisitions .smee its 
rights issue last September. 
They are Laboraloires StenJ 
Packing Systems based east of 
Paris and Murfax, a wholesale 
company of stationers in Lu- 
ton. Beds. 

Water chief hits at ‘rush’ 
and planning for sell-off 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

A water industry chief yes- 
terday criticized the Govern- 
ment for attempting to rush 
through poorly thought-out 
plans for privatizing -the in- 
dustry in En gland and Wales. 

Mr Len Hill, chairman of 
the Water Authorities Associ- 
ation, said the 10 state-owned 
water authorities were not 
being given enough time to 
prepare for privatization. 

He also questioned the ade- 
quacy of the planned formula 
for controlling prices in the 
industry after it has been 

pose any water industry initia- 
tive which prejudiced the 

chances of Thames being sold 
off at the earliest opportunity. 

The Government is hoping 
to raise- up to £5 billion from 
privatisations among the au- 
thorities before the next gener- 
al election. 

Enabling legislation is to be 
introduced in the next session 
of Parliament, allowing at 
ieast one of the authorities to 
be sold to stock market inves- 
tors by the end of next year. 

Mr Hill said that other 

Bdy controlled body after 

Such a proposal would in- 
terfere with the present inte- 
grated structure of the indust- 
ry in which the authorities 
were responsable for all as- 
pects of the water enviro mem, 
Mr Hill said. 

Government plans to phase 
the flotations over several 

plans for limiting price in- 
creases to a yet unspecified 
amount below the rate of 

The formula failed to take : 
account of the differing cir- 
cumstances and needs of the 
10 authorities or the possibili- ! 
ty that certain authorities 
might face major expenditure 

By Alison Eadie 

Dixons Group, which is 
b>ddit)g£1.5 million for Wool- 
worth Holdings, announced 
yesterday that it would sell 
Woolworth’s out-of-town 
electrical retail chain Comet 
to Granada Group for a basic 
price of£125 million, if it w ms 
the takeover battle. 

TheWoolworth chief execu- 
tive, Mr Geoffrey Mufcahy, 
immediately responded that 
the proposed sale price was 
“ludicrously low". He said; 
“They are selling someone 
else’s company about which 
they do not have all the 
required information." 

Wool worth bought Cornel 
two years ago for£l 77 million. 
Since then it has bad £20 

returned to the private sector : ™ 

and the wisdom of floating the 
authorities off on the nock 

wafer industry had only 18 
Mr Hill s comments were months to onsanize the of 
disputed by the Thames War iq separate companies, 
ter Authority, which is keen He also criticized Govern- 
on an early stock market ment plans for vesting the 
flotation. Mr Roy Watts, the butd drainage activities of the 
chairman, said be would op- authorities m a separate, pub- 

Investors’ | Dixons 1 
cash may 

be kept 
‘in trust’ 

By Michael Prest 

Financial Correspondent 

Most investment agents win 
have to keep clients' money in 
separate trust accounts if 
sweeping new rales proposed 
yesterday by the Securities 
and Investment Board come 
into force. 

The rales are particularly 
aimed at brokeis in futures, 
options and similar instru- 
ments whose business is en- 
tirely unregulated at present. 

Bat stockbrokers, merchant 
frnnlcgj and many insurance 
brokers, among others, will 
also be affected. 

. The new rules would bring 
London into line with Ameri- 
can practice and remedy one 
of the most notorious defi- 
ciencies in the treatment of 
private efient business 'in Brit- 
ain. But business and profes- 
sional investors may agree 
with their agents not to have 
theirfimds segregated. - - 

In its third set of (baft rales, 
entitled Draft Money Regula- 
tions. , the SIB sets out two 
basic objectives. The first is 
that “money held byapereon 
authorized to cany on invest- 
ment business (a ‘firm! on 
behalf of others (‘diems’) is 
held by the firm on trust for 

The second aim is that 
“such money is held in a 
separate client account main- 
tamed at an approved bank”. 

It is emphasized that while the 
firm will be the trustee under 
existing trust law, the separate 
account will protect the client 
against all creditors of the 
firm, including die Crown and 
the Inland Revenue. 

An important part of the 
new provisions affecting bro- 
kers in futures and related 
instruments is the introduc- 
tion of a concept called “equi- 
ty balance” 

This includes in the money 

years were a potential area of Gn improvements to the water 
“real trouble” he said, since enyiramem as a result of EEC 
customers in one area of the initiatives. 

Sou* West. Wessex and 

water charges and regulation. C/»„th-rn water authorities 

The Water Authorities As- 
sociation would be urging 
ministers to privatize all 10 
authorities together, Mr Hill 
said, although he acknowl- 
edged that this would present 
major difficulties in selling the 
industry to investors. 

The association also at- 
tacked the Government's 

Dixons would sell 
Comet to Granada 

Alex Bernstein: exciting 
opportunity for Granada 

Sir Philip Harris, chairman 

million of cash stripped out of of Harris Queecsway, who 
it and has sold off some was thwarted from .buying 

peripheral businesses. Comet two years ago said he 

IfctrmiUm, .i.rLfit, l fl had OOt pUt hi SO offer foiS 

time because be did not know 

rhSi what he would be getting as be 
was not buying from the 

Iras, however, been expanded 
by Woolworth in the last two 
years and a .25 per cent 
expansion is planned this 

If the deal goes through, 
Granada- will pay £70 million 
in cash, funded by a vendor 
placing, and up to £75 million 
in non-interest bearing loan 
notes. The notes are redeem- 
able by Granada at £5S mil- 
lion .in the first two years. In 
addition Dixons has said it 
will take out a dividend of £25 
million. ■ 


Mr Alex Bernstein, chair- 
man of Granada, - said’ the 
acquisition represented an ex- 
citing opportunity to become 
the leading out-of-town elec- 
trical retailer. 

Woolworth shares shot 35p 
higher to 8S5p putting them 
182p ahead of Dixons bid. 

Dixons has extended its bid 
until June 5 after receiving 
0.15 per cent acceptances by 
the first closing date yester- 

Wardle Storeys lifts 
bid for RFD by £4m 

The prospect of a carve-up 
of the RFD Group, the indus- 
trial holding company, be- 
tween the rival suitors, Wardle 
Storeys and Scapa Group, 
emerged yesterday when 
Wardle increased its. bid by 
more than £4 million to £29.4 
mUlioD to top the £26.6 
million Scapa offer. 

Wardle, which makes plas- 
tic sheeting, made it dear that 
its interest centred on RFD’s 
safety and survival division 
and the larger part of its 

due to a client and table to be defence activities. 

held in a separate account 
unrealized profits or losses 
and margin req torments in 
near cadi instruments such as 
Treasury bills, as well as cash. 

The SIB intends to publish a 
practice note specifying that 
private investors be paid rea- 
sonable interest on money 
deposited with the broker or 
agent. But the board is reluc- 
tant to lay down rates of 
interest or 19 extend the trust 
-principle to interest due. 

Scapa. which supplies tech- 
nical products including spe- 
cialized textiles to industry, 
has said that, if it won the 
takeover battle, it would re- 
tain RFD’s textile businesses 

By Richard Lander 

carve-up willing to sell the textile 
he indus- division “to Scapa or a Scapa- 
any, be- like business.” Both bidders 
s, Wardle have also mentioned manage- 
Group, ment buyouts as suitable solu- 
y when tions for other parts of RFD by they did not want to retain, 
i to £29.4 At RFD, whose products 
te £26.6 range from computer printer 
ribbons to air launchers, foe 
ikes plas- chairman, Mr Gordon Mac- 
clear that pherson, said that be wanted 
m RFD’s to talk to both companies, 
division Despite an earlier recommen- 
1 of its dation to accept foe Scapa bid, 
he said he was now advising 
dies tech- shareholders to take no action. 

but would look to dispose of earnings.. 

RFD shares advanced 14p 
to215paflerWardle’snew 16- 
for-25 share offer, which val- 
ues RFD at 214p or 21 times 
foe group’s estimated 1985-86 

some of the group's other The underwritten cash al- 
operations. Mr Brian Taylor, leroative has been substantial- 
managing director of Wardle, jy increased from I37p to 
said, yesterday that he had 205p. Scapa is offering 1 96p a 
contacted Scapa to say that, if share, with a 195p cash 
he won control, he would .be _ alternative. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Money market sets its 
heart on base rate cut 

enviromem as a result of EEC 

Mr HiU said that foe Welsh, 
South West. Wessex and 
Southern water authorities 
would all be hit by the need for. 
substantial capital expendi- 
ture on cleaning up resort 
bathing beaches. 

Further moves by foe EEC 
to clamp down on the dump- 
ing of sewage sludge at sea 
would have a big impact on 
the Thames Water Authority, 
he said. 

up £6m 

By Clare Dobie 

Plessey yesterday announ- 
ced a big jump in profits for 
foe fourth quarter of last year. 
Profits before tax rose from 
£42.5 million lo £58.2 million 
for foe three months to March 
28. taking foe total for the year 
from £164 raiUion to £170.2 

Plessey is waiting for the 
Monopolies Commission to 
report on GECs bid, launched 
last December. Sir John Clark, 
foe chairman, said Plessey bad 
completed its evidence 10 the 
commission last week. The 
inquiry is due to be completed 
in mid July. 

Sir John said he did not 
know how high GEC would 
pitch a renewed bid if ft were 
allowed to return. Referring to 
Lord Weinstock, chief execu- 
tive of GEC. he said: “I don't 
know what he is prepared to 
pay for a Hew suit, let alone 

Telecommunications prof- 
its fell from '£74.6 million to 
£70.7 million for the year 
despite a late improvemenL- 
System X completed 225 ex- 
changes compared to only 16 
last year and Stromberg- 
Carlson, the American subsid- 
iary, returned to profit in the 
last quarter of the year. 

Group turnover rose from 
£1.42 billion to £1.46 billion 
and foe final dividend is 2.96p 
against 2.57p last year. 

The order book fell from 
£1.61 billion to £1.36 billion, 
with declines both in telecom- 
munications and electronics. 
Sir James Blythe, foe manag- 
ing director, said the shortfall 
would made up in the au- 
tumn. Tenures, page 19 

Thomson to 
buy US 

International Thomson Or- 
ganisation is to pay about 
$200 million (£134 million) 
for Cordura, a US business 
information company that 
publishes “crash guides” — 
service and repair cost esti- 
mates for sale to the insurance 
and automobile repair 

ITO said the purchase of 
Cordura, which made taxed 
profits of $9.3 million last 
year, would increase 
ITO’sinvolveraent in refer- 
ence books professionals need 
10 carry oui foeir work. 

bi Britain. ITO has a major- 
ity stake in Glass's Guide, the 
used-car price guide and owns 
Palgrave, which is similar to 

The money market got the bit 
between its teeth yesterday after a 
week of uncertainty and vacilation. 
National Westminster’s decision to 
cut its base lending rate by half a point 
10 10 per cent as early as yesterday 
afternoon was bold, but from yes- 
terday morning onwards the market 
was clearly gunning for a base rate cut 
before the long weekend. 

The reasons for a cut revolve 
around the strength of sterling. De- 
spite a series of gloomy economic 
statistics during the week the pound 
strengthened against most European 
currencies, rising to DM 3.4 ! 00. 
Against the dollar, sterling did not 
look so impressive, dropping more 
than two cents during the week — but 
this was more to do with the United 
States currency's recovery than with 
any weakness in sterling. UK interest 
rates stood out, as excessively high, 
relative to those of other indus- 
trialized countries. 

Two- consecutive months of worse- 
than-expected money supply figures 
militated against a cut in interest 
rates. Yesterday’s move, however, 
would seem to be yet another indica- 
tion that one can attach too much 
importance to the money supply, and 
that the exchange rate is die main 
determinant of monetary policy. 
There had also been a feeling in the 
markets that Britain needed another 
nudge from overseas, but there was 
little indication that West Germany, 
Japan or even the US were about to re- 
duce their interest rates. 

dous variety of offerings, from reduc- 
ing the number of stiff required in 
cinemas during performances and 
simplifying the licences for disposal of 
waste at sea to allowing billiard halls 
to open on Sunday (the last a poor sec- 
ond to one of the major proposals in 
last year’s White Paper on deregula- 
tion, the ill-fated Shops BilL) 

More often than not though, it is 
the sheer burden of paperwork which 
small businessmen resent most To 
deal with this is a matter of simplifica- 
tion and common sense rather than 
the radical dismantling of existing 
legislation. On company law the 
Government has rightly decided to 
keep the small companies audit 
requirement but to simplify the form 
and content of small company ac- 
counts. It is exploring the scope for 
making it easier for companies to 
disincorporate, simplifying the export 
licence system and, in most depart- 
ments, it is putting more effort into 
the unfashionable but effective busi- 
ness of modernizing all those forms 
and guidance booklets. In July it will 
issue a consultative document on the 
amount of information companies are 
required to file at Companies House. 

This emphasis on simplification 
and consultation is to be encouraged. 
The same unequivocal welcome can- 
not be given 10 the changes the 
Government proposes in employ- 
ment law, which are certain to arouse 
hostility — and uncertain in their 
effect on businesses. 

The result was that early yesterday Bid-proofing Harris 

morning bill yields dropped below 10 
per cent and the crucial three-month 
interbank rate sank to about 10 Vie per 
cent, down from about 10 1 /* per cent 
on Wednesday. It is a fair guess that 
die Bank of England, whose interven- 
tion in the markets on Wednesday 
gave no clear indication of base rate 
cut, was nudged from Whitehall into 
giving its blessing to NatWesL 

After a week in which the news on 
unemployment has been ghastly and a 
range of statistics gave dear indica- 
tions of a slow-down in the economy, 
the chance to round off with a piece of 
good news on base rates must have 
seemed irresistible. The Chancellor’s 
enthusiasm for a cut in interest rates 
has been . plain, since the Tokyo 
summit, and the National Institute for 
Economic and Social Research yes- 
terday rubbed salt in his wounds by 
complaining that monetary policy was 
dragging Britain behind the rest of the 
industrialised world. 

Bemusing prospect 

Whether dismantling existing legisla- 
tion. or weeding out unnecessary 
future regulations, the Government 
must carefully balance its vision of an 
enterprise economy with the need to 
protect society and the environment 
But judging by yesterday’s White 
Paper, Building Businesses...Not Bar- 
riers, the Government is unlikely to 
have found that middle path in time 
for the next election. 

Of the 81 proposals for reducing the 
burden of red tape in areas such as 
planning, tax, employment law and 
health and social security, exactly half 
call for further consideration, 
consultations, reviews, surveys or 
studies. On value added tax — one of 
the principal areas of complaint by 
small business organizations — the 
main proposal is to set up a major re- 
view which will not be completed 
until mid-1987. So we know that in 
the future there will be further 
discussions on paying VAT on a cash 
basis rather than on invoices, and a 
budget payment system combined 
with an annual VAT account. 

Too many of yesterday’s proposals 
seem to sit uncomfortably in a White 
Paper. The preparation of posters 
illustrating Ijealth and safety legisla- 
tion and the publication of a simple 
leaflet on tax for people setting up in 
business are not the stuff of legisla- 
tion. Similarly, small businessmen 
might well be bemused at the tremen- 

The £143 million rapprochement 
between Great Universal Stores and 
Harris Queensway, which gives GUS 
a 23 per cent stake in Queensway in 
exchange for handing over Times 
Furnishing and Home Charm, raises 
some intriguing questions. 

Sir Philip, chairman of Harris 
Queensway, gains a non-executive 
seat on the GUS board. Trevor 
Spittle, assistant managing director of 
GUS, and Eric Barnes, the present 
chairman of Times and Home Charm, 
join the Queensway board. 

The tie-up will provide “opportu- 
nities for mutual co-operation” which 
could extend to joint buying and 
credit operations and joint distribu- 
tion benefits. Whether it could extend 
to Sir Philip becoming heir to the 
GUS empire, which is tightly con- 
trolled by the founding Woifson 
family, remains a question very much 
for the future. 

One of the more immediate effects 
of the deal will be to render 
Queensway almost bid-proof. GUS 
and Sir Philip between them will 
control more than 40 per cent and 
GUS is not able to sell its stake 
without Sir Philip’s agreement 

Harris Queensway will become one 
of Britain’s largest retailing groups 
with 8.5 million square feet of selling 
space, just a squeak behind Asda/MFI 
with about 8.9 million square feet 
The combined market share of Times 
and Queensway in furniture and 
floorcoverings will be 1 4 per cent well 
ahead of nearest rival MFI 

GUS, which is also selling back its 
20 per cent stake in Queen sway’s 
Poundstretcber stores, will retain the 
freeholds and most of the leaseholds 
of the 350 Times stores and 1 75 Home 
Charm shops. Queensway will, how- 
ever, take on £80 million of book debt 
from credit sales. 

Sir Philip’s immediate task will be 
to increase the profitablity of the 
stores be is taking on. 

The deal is intended to bring 
together Sir Philip’s entrepreneurial 
flair and GUS’s financial expertise. 
The stock market reacted by marking 
GUS “A” shares up 1 5p at 1055p, still 
convinced that an enfranchisement of 
the non-voters is due soon. Harris 
Queensway shares lost 4p to 268p. 
The prospect of 54 million new shares, 
even though securely held by GUS; 
coming so soon after the 32.9 million 
issued in the rights issue must have 
dampened some spirits. 


CBI to take hard line on pay 


SSZjSL _ 1795.63 (+XL48) 
- NMdte! Dow 1591758 (+109-19) 

Amsterdam: Gen — 288- 8 J+J®-2) 
SgjnepAO (+Z§ 

Ccxnmwz&an* . — 1S91.6 (+53.8) 




Pan* CAC 


SKA General - 

$81.26 f-7.61) 

391 .4 (-13^1 

_ 52050 (+1.1) 



£: Si .4960 
£: DM3.4036 - 
E FFr108460 
£: Ven253.12 

New York: 

* s1jta 9L* 

fiOMZiTBO , 
5 index; 116.4 

ECU £0632002 

SDR £0.766849 


Bank Base: 10K% 

3-momti BSgSStB «BsS*3=-9*fe 
buy ing rata 

Prune Rate 050% 

Federal funds 8*** _ 



CourtauWs _ 


Hawker Siddetey — 



Avon Rubber 

Bass — 


UnUever — 


United News 


Dunhffl — 

RFD Group — -~ 

Telephone Rentals . 


Holmes & Merchant 

Derrtend- — 

FS RateMte — 

Pacer Systems 


Boots — ; 



Wardle Storeys — 
-.Appledore — 

. 393p 1+1 

21Sp (+7p) 
_378p +10p) 
.1055p +15p) 
„ 855p (+35p) 


~ 173p (+4p| 
. 575p (+30p) 
. 255p +30p 
. 31 Sp (+40p) 
. 210p(+20p) 

_ 285p(-3p> 


220p (-1 


ByEdward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 
f , . 

A new hard hue on pay, with 
increases finked strictly to 
Improvement in productivity 
and company profits, is to be 
foe hallmark of Confederation 
of British Industry policy in 
foe coming year. 

Mr David Nkksoo, chair- 
man of Scottish ^ Newcastle 
Breweries, who became foe 
CBI president today, said: 
“Pay Is directly finked to foe 
biggest problem we free in this 
country which is nnemploy- 
ment We cannot pay osr- 
sehws more than we earn”. 

He added: “I would like to 
see nobody paying any more 
than they can justify b y foeir 
performance and .prodnetivity 
— that h what onr competitors 
are doing”. . 

MrNlckstHi, who is a$ed 56, 
takes orer. from Sir James 
Cleminson and wifl be leading 
the CBI — which claims to 
represent 250,000 companies 
employing half foe nation's 
workforce — taring the run up 
to foe next general election. 

On foe pay issue he said 
that Britain’s overseas com- 

David Nicksom “a very 
blunt message” 

petitors were “paying 
nothing” apart from perfor- 
mance-related increases. 

*11 fa a very blast message 
and I wffl go on bashing it 
tome as madi as I can.” 

Mr Nickson, whose re- 
marks deariy are directed as 
mach to his own members as to 
foe trade onions and foe wider 
community, said he would like 
to see aa end to annual pay 
rounds. Low Inflation gave 
companies the incentive to 

Sir James Cleminson: 
handing over the reins 

negotiate two and three-year 
pay deals. 

“We have every incentive to 
get away from foe annual 
negotiations we have now." 

Mr Nickson said, however, 
that in foe analysis of current 
pay settlements, some of 
which are twice the rate of 
inflation, industries' produc- 
tivity improvements were be- 
ing understated. 

Headlines about single fig- 
ore pay deals, were often 
misleading and some compa- 

nies had "nil interna! 

He supported in principle 
new proposals from Mr Nisei 
Lawson, the Chancellor, lor 
profit-related pay schemes.' 

Mr Nickson, a farmer 
teacher and Coldstream 
Guards officer added: “As a 
nation we have to learn that 
Britain's bills can only be paid 
fry money earned by successful 
British business. There is a 
direct link between pay settle- 
ments and naempktfmart and 
an ability to compete in world 
markets. These are the mes- 
sages I will continue to try te 
pat across in 1986”. 

As chairman of a company 
based in Scotland and the 
North of England be hoped to 
bring a new perspective to the 
problem of divisions between 
the North and Sooth of foe 

“In terms of real unemploy- 
ment and standards of firing, 
there is a concentration of 
relative prosperity in the. 
South-east and a concentra- 
tion of deprivation in ito 
Northern cities.” 

The Beauford Group p.l.c. 






11 . 9p 

Results in brief 

Year ended 31st December 1985 1984 

£ 000 . £ 000 . 

Turnover 9,690. 8.387. 

Profit before Tax 818. 710. 

Dividends 5-25p 4.5p 

Earnings per share 15.1p 11.9p 

Salient points from circulated statement by 
the Chairman Mr. Geoffrey Crawford. 

• Record in both turnover and profits both of 
which increased by 15% 

• Recommended final dividend of 3.5p 
giving total dividend for the year of 5.25p 
(1984 -4.5p} 

• Proposed capitalisation issue of one new 
ordinary share for every ordinary share 

Copies of the Report and Accounts are 
available from: The Secretary, 

The Beauford Group p.Lc.. Beauford House s, 
Serpentine Road. Cleckheaton, 

West Yorkshire BD19 3HY. 






2 r :i 

ST- — I 
six I 

Jiv»- ■ ■ I 
h8p_ 1 

000. I 

.740— | 

'iv 1 

■ a 

was'< H | 


i at 






New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street shares lamped early 
yesterdav in response to a 
rally in the bond market, 
^ - traders said. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
, average was np 8.06 points at 
, with the early gain 

’V ahont equal to Wednesday 
night's loss. 

; * Sears led the active issues 
.!•; up 5 a at 46. Viacom dropped 
-; . one point to (JO**. It bought 

V~ ‘ F O R E I G N. EX C H A N G E S . . 


back 3.5 milUon shares from 
Mr Carl Icaho, ending a 
takeover threat. 

The transportation average 
was DP 1.47 points to 781.77, 
utilities were np 0.47 points to 
181.62 and stocks gained 2.05 
points to 691.82. 

The Standard and Poor's 
100 index stood at 225.69, np 
0.64 points. The composite 
index was np 0.75 points at 



May May 
21 20 

May May 
21 20 


G W Jeynson and Co mpoR 
SUGAR (Raw) 


«« 1640-633 

OCt 170^-70.0 

Dec 174.0-720 



187 .4-85 0 

?i > >'> j 


Base Rmm% 

Ctaanng Banks 10'S 
France House 1 1 '*! 

Discount Market Loans ^s» 

Ouensgni Htqh: IQ'S Com 2 
Week fueo: ION 
Treasury Bills (Discount vj 
Buying . Selling 

2mnth 10 Smnth 9’i 

3nrt»i 9N 3mntt9’i 

Prime Sank Bi8s (Discount %) 

1 mmti 10V10S 2mmti lO-9'.i 
3mntn 9 '.-9 5. 6mnth ?'u-5>i 4 
Trade Bflb (Discount N| 

1 ninth ION 2 mmti 10S 

3 mntn ION 6mntn !0'i» 

fntcibank Pal 

Overnight open ^ i *4 dose 2 
i*eek 10»ie-iO-'<« Smntn 9V9‘i.o 
T mnth 10'i-10*i 9mmh 9:i-9'>.« 
3 mnth t0:i-1(Pi« 12mth n'J.r-g”,* 

Local Authority Deposits (°«J 
2dav5 TO’, 7 days tOu 

1 nifflh lO’i 3 mnth 9N 

6 ninth 9N 12mth p'4 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 11-10*. 2mmft iOH-10'5 
3mntf> iOli-UE, Smnth iON-9’. 

9 rrnim 9 ’ .-3N 1 2 mth 9N-9 ! . 



7 days 6 ,, m-7 
3 m run 7-6 N 
7 days 4», # -r, 6 
3 mnth 4*.-4S 
French Franc 
7 days PwPii 
Smnth 7 ,8 »»-7 s i» 
Swiss Franc 
7 days VMM 
Smnth 4 ’ , i«-4I‘.b 
Y en 

7 days 4*>,-4’i, 
Smnth 4 , ^k-4 ,j ib 

i 7-67. 

I 7'<-6''-o 

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Argentina austral* 

Australia rioter 

Bahrain dmar 

Braz* cruzado* 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece rt a c hma 


India rupee „ 

Iraq dinar 

Kuwait dinar KD 

Malaysia doSar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dollar 

Saudi Arabia nyal 

Singapore doflar 

South Africa rand 





2087-21 .00 



211. 70-213.70 







.... 5512565525 


— 34216-34395 



S 3— r 

Dec . — — 


— 127.0-275 

— 124 .0-350 


— 128.0-29.0 

— 129.0-30-0 

— 1295-300 

Krugerrand* (per coin): 

Sterling CDs (%| 
1 mnth 10’ ; -10*i 

Smnth 10V1D 

6 mnth 9'>.»-9 ,; .a t2mth 9*i«-6-*. s 
Do Bar CDs (°o) 

1 mntfi 6 90-6.85 3 mnth 6.95-690 

6 mnth 7.00-695 12 mth 7.15-7.10 

23-54 00) 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
interest period April 2. 1986 to 
May 6. 1986 inclusive: 10.527 per 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this page 
refer to Wednesday’s 

Prist in C pec mstnc toms 

SBrnrhi pones per tray one* 

Rudolf Wolf &C& Ltd. report 


Cash 926 0-9275 

Three months 

Vol — 6000 

Tone Oiper 

Cash 908.0-908.0 

Trirea Months 

vol JM 

Tone W» 


Cash Suspended 

Three Months — 

i Fen 

Casn — 24425-24450 

Three Momns . 2S0 -00-25025 

vot — '«» Cento noa. up 142%. awe. 

Tone Staaehtf prra. 10257p(+l22) 

zinc standard 9mpm.up207%. w. 

ZWC S TANDARD 4JQ{W2a0 |^22fl.17«-2l50J 

Three Month* **- 

Vd N4» 



Cash 463 0-464 0 

Three Months 474.0-475.0 

Vol 3950 

Tone Steadier 


Cash 3232-334.0 

Three Months ... 332.0-333.0 



Cash 323.7-324.0 

Three Months — 332.0G332 

Vol Nd 

Tone — KSe 


Cash 767.0-768 .0 

Three Months 7655-757.0 

Vol 8250 

Tone Sieadief 




Sport®. 0 

vot 156 tots 


Unofficial prices Cash 2860-2670 

Official TmoMrflgma Three Months 2720-2725 


^ LGND 01^ j 

Three Month Staffing Open 

Jun 86 89.92 

Sep 86-.. 90 66 

Dec 66 — 9054 

Mar 87 90.95 

Jun 67 90 79 

Sep 87 _..L N/T 

Previous day's total open interest 18683 
Three Month Eurodollar 

Jun 86 9258 

Sep 86 92.98 

Dec 86 92.85 

24 '■ Mar 87 92 62 

an-, US Treasury Bond 

t fi' Jun 86 96-23 

181, Sep 86.. 95-31 

,2S Dec 86- N/T 

2g<4 Short Gilt 

30'- ■ Jun 86 103-08 

34% Sap 86 N/T 

43 Dec 85 N/T 

43 V, ■ " 

Mass-Fare n/a 350 LwioGi 8 

Ryl Trusta) n/a 33‘* Jun So 125-24 

77 U Sep 86 125-31 

26-, Dec 86 N/T 

Thmsn N 'A' n/a 29 M?rg7 N/T 

YOhiHram n/a 36*. FT-SE 1«1 

Jun 86 160.10 

Sep 86 161.00 

High Low Close EstVol 

89 97 89.89 89 94 1260 

9076 90.66 90 73 1087 

91.01 9053 90.98 107 

91 01 90.95 90 98 30 

90.84 90.79 90 89 0 

90.73 0 

Previous day's total open Interesttl 803 

93.02 9254 92-96 1183 

93.01 ^88 92.93 4499 

92.87 92.79 92.79 344 

9262 9251 9255 46 

Previous day's toial open toterost 8648 
96-31 96-rft 96-12 9879 

96-11 95-19 95-24 563 

9500 0 

Previous day's total open interest 1360 
103-10 102-62 102-62 100 

103-18 0 


Previous day’s total open merest 12599 
12530 12501 125-03 7824 

125-31 12510 12510 381 

12509 0 

„ 12505 0 

Previous day's total open merest 
16020 158.80 159.20 305 

161.00 161.00 T61.45 3 

it; M 
771 063 
«9 130 
358 2M 
190 149 
1W ^00 
in 96 
3fl 159 
S2'i S3 
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<49 384 
1 02 90 

79C 63S 
228 139 

i40 ioa 
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36a 3i4 
190 134 

66< 420 
206 ITS 
t17 100 
1» 119 
374 2S4 
I S3 136 
S3 '.- 75 
i$a us 
107 SS 
190 142 
277 237 
346 287 
130 9S 
558 480 
1V3 145 
345 264 
124 8«-i 

140 109 
702 480 
150 :123 
147 123 

162 ire 

397 322 

go-: a 

109 92 

179 116 
157 138 
390 275 
143 US 
366 291 
147 127 


Auvinca 733 

Amer Trust 130 

Ang Amor Sec 352 

Asncown 163 

hunc Aaoott 10* 

Bankers US 

Beny 237 

Sr Asses Sfi 

8r £mo«« See 43-. 

Bi Inv 42B 

Brunr*. 95 

CorononlM 760 

Crwomn Jspon 2tt 

Oemy Inc 140 

Oo Ceo 13* 

Draywi Cons 333 

Oxyton Far East 176 

Draywi near 642 

Dundee Lon 200 

£om Amer Asset 104 

EauVaxsm 141 

Beetnc Gen 355 

En^an ka 146 

Engksn Scot 92 

Ertm 145 

lit A®mce 105 
FlC PacVK 182 
FenUy 275 

Fnt Scot Amer 330 

Fret Un cen ioo 

Rwrong Amoncan 530 
Remng dm 172 
Reawig Enterprise 335 
n an mg Far EM M2 
Flanmg Beos^ng 136 
Remaig Japan 677 
Flaming Maeat h lag 
Remog Orarxeaa 135 
Bwrong Teen 153 
Ftenvng unmwsal 392 
For Cd B6’r 

gbc Ogam ioi 

GT japan 169 

Gawal Funds 157 
General Cons 315 
Glasgow Slock 134 

Gnt* 33a 

Goran Afianoc <32 

3 IB 2.7 446 
296 *i 35 1 

4 4 3.4 362 

69 2J 53 « 
44 Z* 573 

05 06 .. 

396 34 422 
163 OS .. 
Z7 4 5 32.7 
07 1 6 592 

0 .. 


51 280 


3X * 42 

30 DO X9 35X 


09 . 


86 167 

• rr 

14 6 

44 327 


1 6 

09 . 




39 359 



09 813 



33 41 2 


1 6 80.7 


3 4 43 6 


22 558 


1.4 606 


2* 593 





11 B 





67 64 



1.5 569 


42 33.1 


129D 39 419 

B . . 

1 4 




26 529 



09 .. 



3 4 362 



29 447 


22 651 



22 637 



24 584 



‘12 !. 



19 816 


SO 37.7 


29 547 



42 324 



39 41.1 

<95 136 
231 164 
330 244 
250 215 
194 156 
307 2«a 
655 540 
264 «4 
59 *6 

101 B0 
132 no 
233 188 

70 56 

71 61 

128 102 
197 t6l 
169 128 
165 137 
294 215 
360 316 
440 290 
68 49 

189 156 
57'. 50': 

246 >85 
353 278 
81 47 

352 779 
17B 145 

78 a 

33 S3 
<2 37 

403 338 
171 147 
2S8 216 
2*7 207 
226 181 
322 267 
13 s . IV: 
138 116 
3S8 297 
307 273 
113 8 9 

420 390 
515 *02 
3»8 2*5 
670 5PB 

ire i36 

79 07 

Goran Onera 
Gome Strategy 
&4«ft»w Hcsae 
Haras, os 
h» mj 

m»ey m Success 
aw Cap 
Japan Assets 
Riaawmn Ounsr 
Kwm>on O seas 
Law OaBflncire 
Lon Merc pan t Sec 
Lon Trust 

Uwray Income 
Murray inn 
Xkarav Smafi 
Murray Vamure 
Na* Coen 
hew Oanen On 

Nwtrvog te« 63 
New T^yo 
hm Anantc 3ee 
Nth Sea Assets 
Ntrm Amer 
Pacrfc Assets 
Do wmc 
Personal Asses 
Rmw 6 Marc 
Ifcrar Ptes 


Sr Andrews 

Scot Amerkuei 
Scd Easkirr 
Scot Mara a - 
Scot Mtge 
Scot Nat 
Secorkt ABance 
Sec Ot ScoBBnd 
Smatar Cm 




19 779 




23 625 


07 .. 



29 269 










13 J7fl 



Ofib 24 77.6 


02 .. 





16 397 





92 >96 





54 298 




1 B84B 

7 7n 

92 274 



7.1b 46 3X3 




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?i 3 

4.9 302 




19 826- 


32 35.0 



73 205 



1 1 

05 . 



1.5 869 



14 581 





30 422 





. . 



38-. 35 

Stewart Erfforp 







TR Austrasa 


• .. 


1< 318 



TR Qry or Lcn Dram 

59b 50 31 1 



TR we & Gan 



Sib 28 304 



TR Natural Hn 







TR Horn MxarcA 


29b 29 *07 



Tfi Pacific 9aui 



09 .. 



TR Prooany 



12 409 



TR Tech 




24 EfLS 



TR TnrtttM 


OJQ 4 1 355 



Teraste Bar 




10 269 














Trans Oceanic 



29 481 






JO 370 





TrpWvra tec 
U$ Deoan&re 






160 79 
3 7 501 
86 21 1 



Vjang RasDurass 








15 *46 



WdMfooaxi Egy 



14 417 






22 896 





13 7b *0251 , 



♦3 ISO 38 481 
-1 8 6 5 4 294 

41 3.144 6 

85 2e617 
♦2 9 7b 33 iU 

-I 29 27 56.0 

. . S.0 67 202 

1*1 ’.2.1 25 524 

65 24 539 

-2 24 6n 39 326 

l*l 7 1 *5 292 

*1 20 28 531 

'• American Ezpess 



'• D»h Uaa 

■. 00 -A- 

Eng Trust 

Fro® Go 
Goode (D 6 
Henoenon Actum 




ManasMa House 
Paote Inv Th 
DO toanaras 
Stath New Ccun 

14 zfl 270 

(04 47 144 
699 4.4 112 

690 44 n a 

6.4 35 37 9 
40 35 159 
60 27 145 

33* 35 145 
93 15X4 

64 74 94 

25 30 238 
25JB 16 236 
1290 65 62 
223 57 106 
214 25247 

189 62 82 
05 05 845 

.44 * * •; V * *y 


80. Holoannum n& Bburneevoutr BH6 SAL 
M*S '1T373 iLmmaiei 

CvO t Fnea 
M^n Inc Ecwty 
Woriavntw Bond 
Amencsn Giuwtn 
Asun PacVc 
ASSefl 6 Earns 
Copra i Reserve 
Comm 8 Energy 
Euroown Cjptal 

Uk liowth tec 

Oo Acaim 
ITS Emerang CDS 
Edirtjs Progress 

1225 129 6c ei i 9J6 
93 1 99.0* -03 *85 
1755 198 1* -13 5)6 
<555 165J -1 5 259 

4rs- 44 7 re.6 2 B0. 
979 104 7a .16 198 
666 67.0 ^7 151 

62 7 670 +0 1 261 

889 • 9<5* --P« ' M- 
U5J 1446 *06 29* 

68 * 731 re* . 
922 95 \tt re* 15S 
1324 14230 -05 108 

578 618 res 0*2 

1902 202.46 -09 324 

617 85 6c -02 1.52 

AJkeo Dunbar Cenna Swm«P 5N1 1EL 
0793 610366 6 (P93 26291 

Fryl Trust 
Qrowtn A Income 
CJ04JI Trust 
Accran Tiusi 
American manna 
Hign income Tst 
Erantv Income 
HcRl Y«*3 
Govt Secs Trust 
Japan Fund 
Pacific Trust 

2217 2J7 2 *H 323 
13*5 TJJ2B *06 3.17 
223 6 2*340 *10 269 
3587 3*20 *16 315 

Amer Sod Sns 
Secs W Amer 

Tusl 5S1 t ST62 -24 Its 

i tncorrte 305 325 -02*15 

ane Tst 2*8 1 252 1 *07 J53 

come 138 I M7 1 -02 4 79 

U 142* >5160 -0 1 5*7 

3 Trust JO 6 3190 *02 003 

r» 76 j 815 *0 7 1C9 

md 91 4 97 fl *02 001 

rust 1*95 159 2 ' +04 1 12 

d S«s 5*3685 -06 1*3 

Amer Tsl 3058 21920 -3* 0.72 
r VMM 2226 23710 *05 32B 
«i 3et 3960 +02 285 

JS* 1156 1231 *02 ZF£ 

"O' Co's 153 1 163 1 +0 4 2-45 

Trust 810 M3» *02 21? 

A Cmdty 79 1 8*20 +0* 2 35 

Anwigs 163 7 195 6 *0 5 3 03 1 

jv Tst 89S 9570 +OB0.94 

JumiDt 1266 1363 -0J 551 

AM Asset VMM 222 8 237 10 +05 32B 

(HI Grown 36 1 39 6a +02 285 

Smefct Coe it66 1231 *02 ZEE 

2nd Smaller Co's 153 I 163 I +0 4 2.45 

Recovery Trust 8i0 M3» *02 2 <? 
Met Mm A Cmdnr 79 1 8*20 +0 4 2 35 

Q'«as Eanangs 183 7 195 6 +0 5 3 03 

Teefrotogv Tst 69 9 957* +0 6 0.94j 

income Exemut 1286 136 3 -02 sn 

Exempt Smaaer Co'* 222.7 23610 +0 I 271 

USA Eaempl Ttval 328 0 3*77 +53 I 38 


131 Fi nsoury ParamerL London EC2A IAT 
01-636 9676 01-280 8540/1/^3 
Curaal Grown Inc 57 * fit I *0.3 I 72 j 

DO Acoatt M0 894 -03 1.72 J 

Eastern 8 ina 115.7 >237 +0 3 0 9* 

Da 6*v Withdrawal 67 0 663 *02 004 1 

Finance A Properly 59 7 63 6 ZX \ 

Gat A Piieo tecdme 49 0 51 5d +06 7^6 

Bd Otter Ctmg YU 

Gat A Fmco Im 56 0 59 6 -05 7 9fi 

TK O" Irw Trusts 633 67 4 +03 195 

Scecrai Srts Trust 75 1 799 *02 239 

Nth Amur Trust 579 615 *06 180 

Far Eastern Trust 71. B 76.4 +0.1 B72 


5l Georga n*e Comoraaon Si CovBmrv evt 

Q3J3 552731 

UK Graem Accum 1*4.2 15330 +02 353 
Domeume 1252 133 IO +06 352 
Hoiw Iht Accum 2373 25240 -0.6 4 9* 
Co tecome ISO 0 203 10 +05 434 
GosiFned Accum 1032 1086 *07 26* 

Oc Income 883 92* +06 264 

Mil Amor Tsl Aocun 1362 144 80 +18 024 

Far East Tst Accum 130 I 13810 +0J Q51 

Eure Tsl Acoan U20 151 0 -09 1 33 

General Trust 2269 241.3 +1 1 260 

i.LMewPomnev HP. London EC4R 0BA 

Amencar Fima 7*2 79 4 re 7 026 

C43«il Fund 1079 M55 +1 1 040 

teccma Fu*vl 80 0 856 -03 4.M 

Far Eastern Fima 673 720 *0.4 038 

B«J Oner Cling vid 

Bel Offer Oteig Via 

0d Offer Ctmg Yld 

Bd Oder Cteg Vta 

On Accum 205 4 219 8 

Wwidwioe Growth 179.7 1921c 
Dc Accum 2515 2685 

-20. CMtoo 9L London EC2A844X. 
01 920 0311 

Eauter Dot 1164 1219 c 

DO Acaim 1622 1726c 

Gift Trust 535 56 6 

Da Acaim 57.6 60 7 

921 9600 

106 0 11280 
522 566 
9W 56.7 

Her Incone DM 
DO Accum 
US Growte 
Do Ac cum 

*02 t.TB 
+10 120 
+15 100 

*02 152 
*02 152 
*06 4 40 
+OS 4 40 
-03 4 33 
-0.4 433 
+09 1 16 

■res 1.16 

Amencar Fima 
Cases) Fluid 
teccnte Fund 
Far Eastern Fax! 
Overseas income 
fixec Interest 
Natraai Res Fund 
European tecome 

Wmdadl Park. E+MX EXS IDS 
.0332 52155 

General Trust 420 45.00 

tea*"* Trixv 37.Q 366 

. tewmetional Trust 305 32.7c 


Three Quen Tower HI EC® 660 

01-626 *586 

64 6 69 1 c +06 391 
60 4 64 6c *a> 9.04 
37.6 40 1c +01 4.70 
72.9 760 -0.6 3lB 

M?-W3lS 0f9 " ^ & * >90W 62 ** 

Batoiceo GW Ik 


•M Oe 

. 190 

Do Accun 


44 7a- 

tecome Get he 


43 0c 

i 690 

Do Accun 


44 Q 

Service Co'* tec 



! lll'o 

Oo Accun 



Amer A Gen toe 
Da Aeon 
Amer Recovery 
Da Accum 

Am Smator Cos 61.1 64 6 +02 0.17 

00 Accum 823 660 +03 0.17 

AustAGentnc 721 771 -02 1.14 

On Accum 766 Ml -02 114 

Comm A Gen Inc 144.1 1542 -1.7 332 

Do Accum 168 1 201 J -2 1 332 

Compound Grown 3897 42090 +15 320 
Converse* Growth 3152 3373 +1.7 273 

Do Inc 1801 182.7 +0.8 607 

Dmoeno FM Inc 4015 <2590 +1.4 496 
Do Acorn £1178 1248 +004 AM 

European A General 1972 2090 -06 054 

2162 226.2 +3 1 129 

250 6 2656 +35 129 

2479 26526 +18 063 

Z702 296 1 +22 053 

Rnmr Walk. Tomnoge. 1W9 IDY 
0732 362222 

American SB 4 1053 

Amer Ecu try income 30.7 329# 

Amer Special Ses 514 5509 

Far East tee ' 29 9 31 90 
Gil A Fheo im 312 325 

Growth A income 97.7 10*5 

E'Xnry income 
Do Accum 
H*jh Ywki tncorae 
Do Accum 
hit Acoon 
Do 5“- VVitheml 
Managed Fund 
Pieterenca tncome 
DO Accum 

B2Q MJ0 +1.1 7 76 
739 78 99 *0t 490 
173* 185 40 +03 4.90 
739 793c .. 783 

I9t2 204 4 e -0 1 7 83 
731 7BtC -01 236 
«L5 7JJc 238 
60 1 633 -01 .. 

JOS 3M .. 9.77 
962 102.8 *0.1 177 

514 5509 

299 3190 
312 325 

97.7 1045 __ ._ 

JAM" Special She 35.* 379 . . 

Japan Trial 1065 iiJO 

Managed ht Tst >29 0 137.3 *0 4 0 06 

Max tecome E**ty 74.7 79 9 *03 4 79 

ProCosNCmal Off! 327 346 re. I 226 

South Easi Aste Tst 38 27 J re.* 086 

Special Sts .154.0 1656 +02 0 65 


B. Crosbv So. London -EC3A 6AN 
(H-838 5656 

American Exempt £3509 356.60 .. 156 

Japan Examot £3410 213 .. 13? 

Am Property Tst StQTBSfl .. 500 

Property Trust £20330 9 . . 625 

3. London «VM Btegs. uonoon Wat London 
01-826 5181 

Arnw A Gen tec 2262 2*a6 +ij 055 

Do Acaim 7312 2458 +12 055 

5nte4er Co s Accum IJB2 147 60 -02 i *9 

WorM Penny Share 9.9 t05e .. 0.88 

Pomoeo Tst UK 76.7 79 4e +05 »32 

Borffofco Tst Japan 869 900 *0.7 o.tO 

PW«*o Tsi US 691 7l6c +05 1.09 

PwlWio 1st Europi 107 0 HOB -0.7 OlO 

POntoko Tst Hk 

3a* 39.7c *08 fl 10 


3 GtenSmes Sr Eouhurgh EH3 6YY 
031-225 2581 (OeatorsYOt -226 8066) 

•W U B2J 
Japan Ex (43) 

UK & (31) 

Psal Pens fnrl 
P-Sll Pens UK 
BG Amma 
BG Energy 
■BG tncoRM Grwth 
BG Japan 
BG Technology 

4233 «42.t . . i >5 

JS303685 .. 025 

227 4 2*2.00 .. 1*5 

*480 4716 . . .. 

199 0 209 6 

1595.1897 +21 055 

1186 126J -09 1S7 

1957 2082c 51$ 

1526 162$ -0.1 0 00 

15*0 1639* +23 205 

Amer Tumamd he 2112 2 M3 


25.28 Ateermade Street. Lmdtte WIX 4AD 
01-491 02SS 

Amencar 487 52.1 +04 090 

Australian 169 3X3 265 

Japan A General 91 0 97.4 *0.1 air 

Hign tecome 443 47 49 -02 7 54 

iniernavonat Trust 760 81.3 *02 106 

Income Gtn Tsl *7 3 so 6 -0 1 4.1a 

ana A Fueo ht 66 6 712 +12 5.43 

GMu) Markets 359 38.40 *02 1 90 

Boeexil SteWtorn *13 **20 *0.1 1*7 

Umcpm House. 252 Rcmtnm Ro E7 
01-534 5544 

Canal Tst me 
Do Accum 
Cotw A qh me 
Do Accum 
Extra Ik Tst Inc 
Do Accum 
income Trust 
Oo Accum 
kK Growth Fd he 
I Oo Accum 
Jtcan A Gen he 
Oo Accum 
Men##, tecanw Ed 
•Do Acaim 
European me 
Du Acorn 

2179 231.6c *21 1 15 

192.4 2M6 *1 l 230 

2314 2*60 +1.0 230 

68* 9*0 +02 519 

115 6 1229 +02 519 

150 0 I86 0 -02 *.43 

166 0 179.4 - -02 4 *3 
1152 7 22. -la *0.6 435 
1212 12680 +06 435 
>616 17190 *16 OCO 

173.4 1 9089 +19 0 00 

7TB 77 4 ,02 0 08 

739 782 +0.4 0 08 

790 6*00 *06 *60 

1372 less re 6 1.74 I 
148* 1576 +06 1 74 I 

55.0 594 -02 090 

559 58 4 -02 090 

Do Accum 
Emra YteU he 
Do Acorn 
Far Eanern tec 
Oo Nxum 
Fund Of mv he 
Do Acc 

General income 
Do Acorn 
Get 6 fi»ea ht 
Oo Accum 
Gold tecome 
Do Acom 

234.8 2489 
210.6 2295 
485 6 4937 
11X10 1102 
1252 1J4 0 

-10 084 
+05 526 
+99 529 
+22 1.90 
*2.7 190 

2307 24450 +02 293 
3625 384.40 +05 253 
599 6 6359 *14 4.17 

£1255 1330 +097 «.I7 



77.1 e 
























12S 7 













re 1 



99 90 






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G41 8 fixed W 635 9810 .. 853 

Oo Acorn 355 1003 *0.t 893 

Gold tecome 32.7 35.0 -02 32* 

Do Accum 34 4 388 -02 334 

High income Inc 3121 337.1 +12 52* 

Do Accum 627.7 6339 +32 52* 

ted Growth tec 7029 751.8 -15 2.13 

Do Aeon £1120 1199 -0.02 2.13 

he tee Inc 580 59*0 *02 499 

JAMA 6 Gen Inc 646.1 666. 10 +4.4 038 
Do Accum 6632 73820 +4.7 0 36 

Japan Smaier Acc 79.4 8450 *02 090 
M round & Gan Inc 5*09 57850 +12 4.14 
Do Accum £1356 14 40 +053 4 .14 

Recovery Fund tec 3005 3815 +1.0 190 

Do tom 4819 *892 +12 290 

Second Gan Inc 6662 7295 *35 3.62 

fiBMV - 
Eurcpexn Spt 
Extra Income 

G« income 
God Income 
Do Acom 

Matey 6 Sngepota ' 186 179* 

P WSc h; 785 619 

Do Reewaa 966 1033 
Pre» Share Fd 179 1920 

UK Caraw 685 739 

Soaomi So 61* 69 I 

Tamnctegy 487 517 

werta tecome . 529 M2 

wraktown Caprtci 1352 1*52 

BMiy fix a 787 8420 

Do Accum p) 1489 15920 

» UWT^ TRUST ■unworn 
2. Sr»terrAxe. Lcnoon EC3A 88P 
01 326-3336 

SnaAer Cos 69 9 70 10 


Houee, 2. Puco. Dock Lo. 

01-4*8 1290 

Amman Gromn 402 428 

General Grown 532 5fi 9 

GWhHTlWI 43 4 46 30 

Income Grown 51.0 549 

teccma Monthly *92 527 e 

Japan (harm 3SS 3T30 

Mm EUiK 25.0 

Do Acom pkq 

O eeax Grown 41.7 44 80 

Smaier Cox 809 645 

SWMiapOl 89 0 735 


ow 'sJSS '***” CB-m3loro 

res 074 
+02 320 

*92 010 
re2 551 
.. 721 
-0.1 OH 
.. 226 
.. 236 
*02 134 
+01 285 
-02 174 

Comma he 15) 
DO Acom fS 
fielding Fund (4) 
DP Accua (41 

*368 4580 .. 178 

7137 747 0 ..are 

2316 21100 . . 3JB 

2917 27990 .. 305 

2482 .. 101 

2821 .. un 

1BSO .. 457 

16* Oc .. 098 

14490 -42 091 

FUng Ao 6 Gan (4) 2339 248 2 
_Ot> Ac oim.W 2659 2821 
W*Sj« ! »H5drt 1/14 1BS0 
SAWAnwra 156 7 164 0c 
S 6 W Sn* & 1355 14490 

Dp Acorn 

Smaier Co* he , ... — 

Oo Accum 99941079.4 -ai 161 

Trustee ftjno tec *402 *71 00 *14 4.30 

Do Acom £1161 1X49 *d 06 430 
Qisrtoona tec 13) 1151 0 +0.11023 

Do ACCum a 3625 0 *051023 

aianhted he C) 9774 99120 .. SJB 

Do Acom (2] 9855 68490 .. STB 

Ransion Exempt <T) 4432 46320 ■ . 4 TO 

NAAOF he pi 384 0 -0.4 819 

Co Acorn 01 4603 0 -4.1 819 

II. De+onsrap Sq. London EC24 AYR 
01-62) 4273 

Ecady Exempt 3987 4212 *82 240 

Do Accom 5003 523.1 *1.8 240 

UK Mamto Features 737 786 +02 1.61 

Op Acom TSB 90S *02 1.61 

Jaoan Pteto ma n m 113.1 1227c re t ai2 

I, Pc A^l 1154 123.1c -9.1 0 12 
USSpecxe Femes 67.7 7290 *06 
Oo A»nt R4 73 70 +06 0^9 

Gold 8 Pracaus Met 357 398 .. 155 

Do AcOhi 385 40.0 . . 1 86 

US Spocw ine S7 4 615 *0.7 457 

DO Acorn 603 656 +0 7 437 

Eirooeari Perl tee 783 835 -03 137 

Do Accum 787 837 -03 1JJ7 


SJFLfSl!?'’ 9 BCL “«««•. tot ME14 ixx 
0822 874751 A 

MLA General 319 34 6c *02 215 

MLA tetemawnd 493 5120 +04 1 ni 

MLA GJJ Urxj 245 282# *03 932 

MLA Income 40 3 <2 7# . 4M 

MLA European 283 29 g -0J 053 

IfGe^raW ay.smrar-g.rams 

STfiaef im ihj i« 3 rei 778 

ragn kxajme lm«t 1123 ’205# -0 6 554 

^f 8 S8« re.11070 

tee twowih Unas H5A 12260 -is ore 

N American lines 685 7 25 -03 036 

FT East Unas 82a n ic -33 ot* 

Smaw Cos Fited 88 7 7090 -05 IBS 

ffTaTMte **• fWort ^ D 
iiencap 1314 14150 *02 437 


StW" 31 «• 

£13*2 1423 *055 3521 

6403 6915 -0.1 231 1 

Do ACCum m 
teankrid he O) 

I' m " 



FP Equxy Dot 
_Do Acom 
FP Fated mt Dm 
Da Accum 
EiBwjrashaj d«i 
D o Accum 

134 1 206 0# *13 IBS 
3234 34330 *25 Z55 
118 7 124 10 -0 7 5 79 

1319 14120 *05 579 
1613 17120 *09 153 
166 5 >7870 *09 153 

Auai Accum 
Do income 
.' Capital 

__ Exempt Trusl 
' E+rrr hoame ■ 

' Rnoncai 

- 500 

G# a Fixed me 
• Japan S 0 «i me 
— Do Acc 
^ Grown Accum 
"< tecome Trust 
Leispm Tiusr 

“ Specal Smutons 


- - Trustee Funo 
x Unnr Teen Aeon 
- Do income 
WortlwaJe Trust 

62 3 6750 *16 153 
1293 1375 *03 1.96 

SI M2 +02 1.96 

67 9- 712 *03 194 

. *119 43920 +25 400 
742 7850 *03 538 
2245 239 10 -0 1 356 

2S6 I 2745 +14 3 12 

1333 1415 +0 6 3 IS 

559 58 60 re 3 933 
1382 147 0 +03 019 

1388 148 7 *0 3 019 

1744 1BS5 *09 251 

324 I 344 7 *T5 373 

78.7 83.7 *0 4 128 ; 

’ii 4 re6 118 
1675 1994 *08 145 

106.1 112.8 *0S 252 

515 $4 7c -0 3 022 I 
512 SI 4c +0 4 022 1 
1407 1496 *0 9 0 95 


PunkC Trustee, Kngswsv, WC2 

01-*05 4300 

Capnal 3420 3535 

Gross Ik 1525 156 6 

test! Timo 2190 219.7 


to Root. 8 Oeraraowe So, London i 

01-283 2575 Detong 01-626 9*31 

B' Tsl kw Raid Ace 3175 337 70 *2.4 3 33 
- Oc me -• "205.7 21850 +15 323 


BteAennem, Ken; BR3 4X0 

01-658 9002 

UK Cap Fna IK 
Do Acom 
tecome Fuia 
Pa n aa i Exampr 

US A General 
Teen A Grown 
Japan 6 General 
Far East 8 Gen 
Eikopewi Find 
Germany Fund 

- 944 1010 
1J46 1*4 0 
813 87 0 
1562 1837 
152 7 1634 
585 62.60 

59 6 74 50 
185 6 209.30 
61. 1 865 
2212 236.7 
595 63.7 


2. 9t Mary Axe. London EC3A 8BP 

D1«a 1212 Datong 01-623 5786 Deafcg 01-02) 


Do acc 
C 40HI 
Do Accun 
Oo Accun 
Fir Eastern 
Do Aocun 
Rn 6 Prop 
Do Accum 
Oil Cnacai 
Do Accum 
GB hcome 
Do Accum 
HMl VWd 
Do Accum 
Do Accum 
inv Etoiwigi 

589 £390 rei 118 

61.4 6570 +02 2.18 

3105 333.6# +1.7 326 
SSI 4 5872# +11 326 
2646 TO 3# *05 5 63 
6*72 6S9J2# +|.1 5.63 
1*45 I55JJ +03 072 

+05 072 
1585 1675 *0.4 0.72 

515 549 -ai 348 

795 B5 1 -01 3*5 

12ft B 132.1 *00 8*4 

1489 1511 +05 6*4 

1136 1180 +07 9 58 

1812 1885 +1.1 S 52 

54* S79« .. 593 

1189 12860 .. S4J 

233 I 2*85 +09 496 

7T25 7583 *19 496 

1584 169.90 *04 259 

o°^^ D “ StSs#rtuvSP,38H 

S^S-n ISi §ss :: 

NAmer 110 9 1179 .. .. 

65 Hofixm Viaduct EClA SBJ 
01-236 3053 

Grown Inc 1615 1919 +04 111 

ACpen 283 5 2804 res til 

HW1 Tttod 2078 221.1 +1.0 4.60 

DoAffiro 207 B 221.1 +19 490 

Spacnl SNs 4a* 439 ... 190 

Do ACCWP 404 43.0 .. 190 

TrototW ’30.8 138.9 +10 170 

DOAcam 19ft7 2082c +15 3.70 

MTV 6 am 57 6 619 *0.9 130 

Do Man STB 612 +05 120 

Ma W Ppld 0*0 £5838 59960 *055 35S 
AOng Rdbi Asts (5) T0S.7 III £ .. 186 

JK’HP'.Kf 88 ' 7 - V****** Sq. Lonocn £C2 

oi-aa >532 
American Trust 

Fu E ^*° an 
hlU Grown 
tecome Trust 
Japan Grown 

S«a« Cor nual x ej 

665 713c +0* 190 
61.1 862 *0.7 1.10 

605 740c -02 OflO 

2* 8170 -OJ 160 
1W9 107 fi *09 020 

1175 1264 -7 8 190 

354 3900 -0.1 020 


Erawy tecome 


Grc-wtn A Ik 
J apan Specra 
Japan Sunrise 
Fka Europe 
Fra Japan 
first N Amor 
first Smallra Cos 

543 5790 
518 554 
549 589# 
1132 120 4 e 
61* WcO 
96 5 94£ 
79 7 652 
M3 10*50 
72.0 77 0 
*85 51 8 
62S 873# 

-0 9 030 

re * 020 

+0. 1 580 
-07 090 

re* 130 
re* 030 

-02 030 
-0 9 090 
re.i 020 
+22 1 80 
-0.1 170 

American Trust 
Austetoon Trust 
BKsn Tsi Accum 
Do Dsr 

Cnmnniay snare 

EUtetoeen Trust 
Extra tecome Truer 
Far Eastern Trust 

913 M«e *19 000 

16.7 1790 *01 035 

5*2 SB 1 *09 204 

47.7 51 I *us 20« 

531 seac re.6 iso ; 
50 I 53 7 -02 1) 53 

*5 8 49 00 *02 5 <7 
1134 1212 -10 0 1J I 

fi*ea teteteu Fund 2&S 2840 962 

Gel Tiusi 2B 1 S9 3# -02 8 M 

OCKW Rx»0 Accun 1*20 1T2.4 +12 032 


' ISJSTSi 5F" St ' Jonoon 60 

01-823 6000 

panned In, 121 7 1295 , jj 

Eirocwan Ik 859 90 1 *02 121 

DoASam 105 3 1102 *02 121 

General Inc 152.1 181 7 *10 189 

fttAWum 206 0 2189 +14 269 

<S* Yield tec 1'99 1236 +1.0 991 

Oo Accum 188 1 194 0 +15 891 

X 1*9*0 IK BS2 90.7 *02 551 

MOim 16?7 1785 -04 5 51 

Jaoan Income 207 7 21670 +03 197 

Do actum 2092 2203# *0 4 187 

N American Inc *67 498 *0 7 093 

Do Acorn 541. S7J +07 0.92 

Piote tecome llfi.1 12120 +09 023 

Do ACCUll 1307 137J *06 023 

Enter CoS tec 156 805c -0 > 198 

^a^r^TR^r - a2,ai 

Bah Road. OtelUnfiam. Ocucasrar GL53 7LO 
02*2 591311 

_ 686 734c res 373 

Do Acom 60S 73 4 e *03 272 

UK Growth Accum 7B2 82 re 1 J4 

Uh mgn me tec 6*0 68 J 0 +03 4.16 

N American Accum 818 ' 670 +10 149 

For Easlmn Accun 755 805 *0* 063 

European Accun 7pi 75a -1 0 1 18 

UK 04 J R Inc 587 803c *04 826 

DOAOCUB 56 7 505c *0 4 026 

Adfflxi Crtm Hmagrai None. 78, Western 
Road. Runloro RM1 Sb 

83 4# 1 j* 

8830 +03 4.18 

670 +10 149 

805 re* 063 

752 -10 1 18 

Grown G*i 
ma Recover* 

59.7 BOB 
1082 11540 

35. Fcunan 5L Manoiuiar 
061-236 3085 

EfflxOUe Ptocan 72B 77 60 re2 329 
Hiyt income Tru« 74.5 7930 *02*91 

QCKM» Fte»0 Accun 1820 1T2* +12 023 

□POM 1544 1643 +11 023 

Odd Snare Trust 10 6 112 re 1 J BO 

Hedged Amencan 296 31 7 *06 060 

Ikgn Income Trust 1365 1*62 +1 9 *27 

H«wg Kong Tr^»l 26 T 27 9 *0 « 1 02 

Income Furd 717 77 9 -02 i 33 

Insrence Agances C*5 16 43 CO *029 1 94 

Joflen Trust 1208 1288c -01 non 

Managed Exempt 362 B 272 B# -14 3 00 

04 6 Energy Trust 31 0 313 -03 I SO 

Speak arts Trust 88 B 95 i re 2 092 

UK Sroa Cj Roc Tst 674 712 *04 ua 

Amer Growth 975 103 70 +19 g SQ 

Oo torn 101 6 lOBD# +1.7 OJQ 

Amsr hcome 479 509 +05 550 

e °° Aqa xn 50.0 53 1 *05 5 60 

Europetei Growth 1229 1307 -14 164 

_Do Ac orn 1262 13*2 -14 1.6* 

Gararte 3*65 3622 +0.6 2.12 

DO Accum *003 *363 +19 213 

088 firad 923 932c +09 72S 

Do Accum 101 3 HJ22e *1.1 725 

.tecome 8l 5 88 7 c *09 39* 

Do Aocun 894 gs 1 C ^02 ju 

tetemeoonel 3139 3275 *12 UK 

Do Accun 264 0 2908 *15 109 i 

J*». 137.7 1464 +09 029 

Oo Acom 144L9 1489 *09 028 

fi«*erv 196* »90 *02 195 

- Oo Ac gxn 209 * 23170 +02 IBS 

E«mm DW 217 5 234 2 , . 15» 

Eiomra Accun 3317 3440 251 

group u«r Trust 

tomweg^ Mae. StevSL Head. Snefatod Si 3RD 

tool reran* 766 61 7 +09 224 

Odtoxn 1 0X5 1103 *09 2a* 

CijmmodOy 8 Gen 107.0 114.1# -03 342 

VfcKhasler -se 77. Lundcx. Wil tpnoon EG3N 

01088 9630 

h# Growoi 754 806 *02 175 

finwncan Gr^rei «j E&7 -09 153 

SS! 666 71 3 Vil 5 a 

&KOPjan Growm 301 0 214 3 -2.6 030 

Gold 6 Mmuate MB 393 -0 1 o tfi 

Jaoen Growth 1429 152-1 -05 0 18 


+09 590 
+05 5 80 
-14 I 84 
-14 1.64 
+0.6 212 
*19 112 

+12 ij* 
♦15 U» 
+09 028 
*09 038 

Do Accun 
Exernnt DM 
E*arora Accun 

Oo Accum 
E m t+gh tec 
Do Accun 
■Cm 1 Fw vi he 
Do Accun 

Do Accum 

Jaoan 6 Pease 
Da Accum 
N Amencar he 
Do Acom 
Euro Gtn he 
Do Accua 
Smaier Cos tee 
□o Accun 

1510 1B10# -4L3 342 
BJB +Q.I 7.48 
688 7X3 *0.1 7*8 

589 58 le +03 4B 
911 951c *09 893 
tsia 151x0 rex 5.4i 

256? 37* 0# *0.6 5*1 
1580 1792 res 363 
27X5 391 B *09 XG2 
23X2 3*7.8 +1X 0.18 

2439 259 7 +10 0 19 

107X >14 40 +22 124 
1289 137.10 +28 1X4 ' 
1089 11500 -1.0 146 . 

1305 13520 -13 1.48 
107.9 1150 *08 221 

114 I 121 7 *09 221 : 

Austral# 434 486 . . 1.70 

UK Trust 128.7 1380a *0.1- 270 

Etrepuan Growth 519 559 refi 120 

Hong Kong 312 226 *09 1.70 

tMVBRiev A8STT MMuoacHr 

J3. Sf rt fS'. Sa ' EdWiursFi 

031-225 155! 

toWgnQ* IS? T12 -09 0.15 

Pecfflc Bash Energy 14.9 1590 .. 020 

Canton BM Gw SftO szoa " 200 

Cmnw Mae Ffld SI01X 1055c +02 780 


Shi DU GW Fund HO 960 +04 099 


^toor Mouse. 83. Kngnny. London WC2B 

01-405 6331 

Com 6 Equty *83 51 4 . . 7.76 

tecome 525 559 *4X1 597 

Grorei 50.6 839 +02 298 

• Ex tffwdahd. c Sim dMttand. k Cura 

"Ve, * 





Why Plessey’s poetry 
does not quite scan 

Sir John Clark, the chair- 
man of Plessey, talks poetry. 
To listen to him is to foraet 
that his company is under 
thnat of a renewed bid from 
GEC He says last year's 
problems are over and that 
the year ended with higher 
Profits and plenty of cash in 
the bank. All's wen that 

Certainly GEC would have 
to put more money on the 
table than it did in December 
when its offer was pitched at 
163p. Yesterday, Plessey's 
shares were trading at 222p. 

Since the bid was launched, 
Pkssey has reversed the 
downward trend in profits 
seen in the first half of the 
year. In the third quarter 
there was a slight improve- 
ment, but in the last three 

contracts. These should be 
filled m the autumn. Part of 
the shortfall reflects a shift by 
British Telecom from annual 

The problems did not af- 
fect the shares yesterday. 
They are likely to be domi- 
nated by the Monopolies 
Commission inquiry into 
GECs bid during the coming 
months. If GEC is not al- 
lowed to renew hs bud, or if it 
decides that Plessey is now 
too expensive, Plessey will be 
under pressure to find export 
sales for System X. 

Until il does so. investors 
are likely to remain doubtful 
about the whole project, de- 
spite the company's protesta- 
tions that it 
profitable for 
years anyway. 

will remain 
the next 10 

months of the year profits ’ 
jumped from £42.5 million to FerCUSOIl 

£58.2 million before tax, 5 

taking the total for the year Shareholders in Ferguson In- 

from £164 million to £170 
million before tax. 

In the fourth quarter there 
was a bigger- thair-ex peered 
cash inflow, so that Plessey 
finished the year with net 
cash of£192 million, up from 
£1 12 million. A dose reading 
of the figures suggests, how- 
ever, that it win be difficult to 
keep up the rate of pro g ress 
seen in the fourth quarter of 

The main area of doubt is 
over the financial perfor- 
mance of System X, the 
exchange which went into 
profit half-way through last 
year. Sales of System X were 
just short of the target £200 
million for the year, suggest- 
ing fourth-quarter sales of 
£80 million. That seems to 
have included about £30 
million for products made in 
previous quarters. This 
catching-up factor is unlikely 
to recur. 

There are also serious 
doubts about the System X 
sales figure itself Bill Dixon 
of Smith New Court (former- 
ly Scon Goff Layton) finds 
some difficulty in reconciling 
Plessey's reported sales figure 
for System X with British 
Telecom's declared purchas- 

The other big problem for 
Plessey is its weaker order 
book. Over the year, this fell 
by £249 millioa to £1.36 
billion — less than one year's 
work. The company says 
there were a number of 
exceptional factors at work, 
notably currency fluctuations 
and a gap m the Ptarmigan 

dustrial Holdings can breathe 
a sigh of relief. A year ago 
their board was considering 
floating off the printing and 
packaging side and using the 
proceeds to buy more 
builders* merchants. This 
plan was soon dropped and 
the benefits are plain to see. 

What is now called the 
printing, packaging and plas- 
tics ride is now the core part 
of the group. Profits last year 
rose from £5.54 million to 
£8.05 'million, including 
£886,000 from Atlas House, 
acquired daring the year. 

The company lias now 
decided to concentrate, its 
resources on this growing 
area. To that end, it has 
already sold the building 
supplies operation for £15 
million, including a £2.5 
million extraordinary profit, 
and it is considering the 
future of other companies 
with a low return on capital. 
This suggests that the con- 
struction division, which last 
year made a loss of £219,000, 
might be for sale: 

The company has cash in 
the bank and is now looking 
for acquisitions to join the 
existing printing business. 

At 256p, the share price 
reflects the company’s transi- 
tion from mini-conglomerate 
to specialized packaging com- 
pany. The shares should con- 
tinue to advance. 

GreenaU Whitley 

Greenafl Whitley’s strategy of 
broadening the base of its 
business away from beer and 
from the North-west of En- 

gland has been accident 
prone, although not all of it 
has been of the company's 

The Brighton bomb of 
October 1984 all but de- 
stroyed its Grand Hotel A 
serious fire at the Lord Crom- 
well Hotel in Connecticut, 
America, put half the bed- 
rooms out of commission 
while overheads and staff 
costs remained. 

Perhaps more avoidable 
was the disastrous foray into 
tour operating, ended in Sep- 
tember with the sale of 

At the operating level it is 
very much business as usual 
For the half year to March 28 
GreenaU Whitley has man- 
aged a creditable 23 per cent 
improvement in its interim 
operating profits to £ 18-2 
million, despite a near £1 
million loss in the US where 
it has eight hotels. The beer 
businesses did well, despite a 
marginal decline in volumes. 

At the trading level how- 
ever, the picture is maned by 
high interest charges. Interest 
payable jumped by £2 million 
to £6.8 million, compared 
with £4.8 million in the 
previous half year, inhibiting 
growth in the trading profit to 
3.4 per cent 

The second half outlook is 
brighter. GreenalTs beer prof- 
its are heavily biased towards 
this hall mid there wfll be a 
first contribution of between 
£1J5 milli on and £2 millin n 
from Davenports, the newly- 
acquired Birmingham 

Two weeks ago the Lord 
Cromwell Hotel reopened 
fully, and the US _ hotels 
should malm enough in their 
busy summer season to wipe 
out the first half loss and 
show a profit. 

Too fate to make much 
impact on the 1985-86 re- 
sults, but in time for the 
autumn conference season, 
the Grand Hotel is expected 
to re-open towards the end of 

As the debt level is expect- 
ed to remain around 33 per 
cent interest charges will 
remain high, and full year 
pretax profit of around £33 
million is likely. The shares, 
therefore, stand on a prospec- 
tive multiple of under 11, 
putting them at the bottom of 
the brewing league. Sinoe the 
voting structure means there 
is no real prospect of a bid, 
the shares are likely to lan- 
guish there. . ■ 


Base rate cut lifts shares 

Stock markets had already 
been anticipating another cut 
in interest rates before Nation- 
al Westminster Bank an- 
nounced a 10 per cent base 
rate just before 430 pm 
yesterday and share prices 
moved further ahead after the 

The session bad began cau- 
tiously behind a disappointing 
performance on Wall Street, 
but prices soon began pushing 
ahead. Money market- rates 
eased on hopes that the au- 
thorities would allow another 
modest cut in rates after 
Thursday’s statistical evi- 
dence had suggested that the 
economic recovery was run- 
ning out of steam. 

The FT 30-share index rose 
by 3.8 points to 1316.3 while 
the FT-SE 100 index closed 
6.9 points better at 15983. 

Cults foiled to get too excit- 
ed as yields bad been dis- 
counting another reduction 
for some time: Conventional 
stocks recovered early fells of 
a quarter of a point, but index- 
linked stocks ended half a 
point higher on balance, 
helped- by favourable press 

Among equities, engineer- 
ing shares were strong behind 
an investment seminar held 

by James Cape). Among tbe 
best were Guest Keen & 
Nettfefolds at 337p. Hawker 
577p, Smiths Industries 276p 
and BBA Group 254p, be- 
tween 6p and I2p higher. 

Of the FT top 30 shares, 
Beecham stood out with a 19p 
jump to 395p as Merrill 
Lynch, the broker, recom- 
mended the company to its 
diems. Coartanlds added 4p 
more to 281p ahead of next 
Thursday's results while in 
food retailers, still benefiting 
from the Samsbury figures, 
Tesco advanced fOp to 378p 
in anticipation of next 
Wednesday's statement. 

Stores had their fair share of 
excitement again. Wooiworth 
was strong at 855p, up 35p. on 
talk of an increased offer. 

222 -4 
123 +1 

Confirmation of the well- 
signposted Times Furnishing 
deal between the owner, GUS, 
and Harris Queensway 
prompted hectic activity in 
the shares concerned. GUS A 
gained 25p to i055p, but 
Harris Queensway dosed 2p 
lower at 266p, having touched 
278p immediately after the 

Hanson Trust added 4p to 
I73p on the planned sale of 
SQM Assets for £105 million. 
Plessey lost 4p to 2f8p al- 
though profits were well op to 

Banks remained a dull cor- 
ner, still digesting last week’s 
rights issue from NatWest and 
the trend to cheaper rates for 

On the bid front. RFD 


Group was hoisted 14p to 
2 1 5p as Wardle Storeys (down 
Sp to 33 5p) increased its offer. 
Expansion hopes lifted FKI 
Electrical 5!fcp to 84p and 
strong rumours of a bid from 
Philips Lamps boasted Tele- 
phone Rentals 20p to 240pi 

Other takeover favourites 
to attract fresh support includ- 
ed Dowty at 220p, AE !48p 
and BestobeD 424p, up be- 
tween 5p and 10pL Deritrad 
was lifted 30p to 255p after a 
40 per cent earnings expan- 
sion. Asset injection hopes 
following Wednesday's stake 
holding announcements stim- 
ulated F S Katcfiffe at 3l5p, 
up 40p. 

Tbe recent profits setback 
continued to overshadow A P 
Appledore a.t220p 1 down I5p. 

BPP (lUpf 
Br Wsid (SOp) 

Oart io Cooper (130p) 
Combined Lease (125p) 
Detepak (I07p) 

Davies DY n55p) 

Dean & B (50p) 

Debtor rttdpr 
Gold 6m Trot (I65p) 

Jwvis Ponar CKKtf 
Jurys Hotel (1l5pl 
Lea ret p80 
Lodge Cara 
Monotype (5 
Mus&rtn (1 1 _ 

Really U«W 03Op> 


Temp le ton (2i5p) 
Tech Project (140p) 
rip Top Drug pgjp) 
Usher (Frank) (T00p) 
Welcome fl20p) 
Westbury (1450) 

94 +2 
122 -1 

Worcester PiOp) 
Widees (Hop) 


tndl N IP 

Burmah'Oa N /P 
F&C Euro F/P 
HesHUr N/P 
President Eat N/P 
Ratnen N/P 

Saatcrt JSF/P 
Sale Tiney F/P 

(issue price in brackets). 












Two newcomers, PE Interna- 
tional at 175p and Savage 
I05p, recorded premiums of 
lOp and 5p in first dealings. 

Pretax losses knocked 40p 
from Micro Focus at 190p. 
Amstrad gained 15p zo 562p 
on the company's plans to 
expand into white goods re- 
tailing. Comment on the re* 
suits lifted Avon Robber I8p 
to 31 8p and rumours of a 
favourable circular supported 
Kmb Fit at I03p, up 5p. 

Bass rose 7p more to 795p 
on Wednesday's results, but 
GteesaO Whitley cased 7p to 
1 74p after disappointing prof- 
its followed by an analysts’ 
meeting. The 26 per cent 
profits improvement helped 
S&W Berisford to rally 7p to 


Unilever was supported at 
I580p. up 40p, and United 
Biscuits had a run to 246p, np 
6p. WflEam Morrison put on 
6p to 2!4p after the annual 
meeting, but profit-taking un- 
settled Beatson Clark at 21 lp, 

H Samnel added 4p to 135p, 
awaiting bid moves from 
Ratners. The results are due 
today and dealers are expect- 
ing profits of around £6.5 
million. Porter ChadUmra was 
wanted in a thin market, up 
23p to 298p. 

Sweden’s answer 
to the demise 
of shipbuilding 

From David Smith, Stockholm 


Road hauliers elect chief 

Road Haulage Association: 
Mr G Samuel has been elected 
" chairman, succeeding Mr A C 
W Neely. Mr R S Bowks and 
Mr R D Heaton have been 
.- made vice-chairmen. 

: Exfinco (The Export Finance 
; Company): Mr Dominic 
’’ Snddaby becomes a director 
on June 16. 

Allianz Legal Protection In- 
surance Company: Mr John C 
Long is made ma n agi n g 

Weston Hyde Products: Mr 
. • David WHKams has joined the 
board as financial director. 

Hoare Govett 

; (Moneybroking): Mr Adrian 

- Fort has been made a director. 

Granada Group: Mr An- 
drew Quinn has been appoint- 
-i ed to the board. 

Z Cocoa, Chocolate and Con- 

- fectionery Alliance: Mr 
r Jeremy Kane has been elected 
*: president 

Legal & General Group: Mr 
Kenneth Dixon has been ap- 
T- pointed vice-chairman, suc- 
?.: ceediog Mr Ronnie Taylor. 

Whitbread & Company: Mr 
” Bernard W King joins tbe 
board as an executive director. 

Oracle Teletext Mr Robbie 
Alexander . has joined the 
board as sales director. 

Fisons: Sir Philip Harris, 
chairman of the Hams 

tal payment for 1985 Lip 
(l.lp). Turnover £1 5.94 milhon 
(£10.04 million). Pretax profit 
£365.784 (£358371). Earnings 
per share, basic, Up ( 2 - 0 p) and 
folly diluted, Up (1.9p). The 
board views the future with 
great confidence. Ail t rading 
subsidiaries started the current 
year with sub stantia l order 


• LEED S GROUPS Half-year 
ro March 31, 1986. Interim 
dividend Z25 p 0 .87p restated). 
Turnover £7.01 million (£7.1 
million). Pretax profit £1.05 
million (£876.000). Earnings per 
share 9.0p (6-9p restated). 





Adam & Company 


_ _ .1050% 

Hong Kong & Sftangta— ]05^ 

W Brt - MM_«2 

Contt«ffl TwsL 
Go-operafre Sank 

Queensway Group, is to join 
the board as a non-executive 
director in June. 

J A Devenish: Mr M R 
Cannon is now chief execu- 
tive. Mr P R Smith has been 
made managing director of the 
Devenish operating 

Ward Group: Mr Nigel 
Forsyth has been appointed 
chief executive. 

Michael Page UK: Mr Jon- 
athan WOfiams has joined the 
board. . _ 

Saxon International: Sun 
Key Villas; Industrial, Com- 
mercial and F i nanc i al Ser- 
vices: Mr David de Borman 
has joined the boards. 

formal offer document by Kone 
(UK) has been posted lo 
shareholders. Total dividend for 
1985 2.4p (10-Op). Turnover 
£20.38 million (£20.74 millioa). 
Pretax profit £413,000 (£1.45 

million). Earnings per share 
5 Jp (20. 9p). 

• RENTOfiXU The company 
has taken over Jaybee Pest 
Services in Auckland, New Zea- 
land. It has also taken over Le 
Home do Nettoyage m Nice, 
France, which has a portfolio of 
contracts for the daily cleaning 
of offices, shops, factories and 

interim dividend 0_5p (nflX 
payable on July 21. Turnover 
£32-37 million (£36-54 million) 
for the half-year to Man* 31, 
1986. Pretax profit £926,000 
(£768,000), Earnings per share 

• RHP GROUP! The group fe 
10 purchase the capacitor busi- 
ness of Salford Electrical In- 
struments, a s u bs idiar y, of 
General Electric. This business 
specializes m the design aid 

manufacture of plastic fibn 
canariiore for iricconmnnuca- 
lions and other electronics 
applications, with annual sales 
of£2 -5 miDiod. 

BANK: Half-year lo March 31, 
Jpgk Net jrofit AusS153-39 
million (£73-5 million), against 
AusS 144.89 million. Gross in- 
come Aus$2.50 billion . 
(AusS 1-82 billion). Interim divi- 
dend 143 cents (115 cents). 

IML Air Couriers Mr Paul 
Block is now product develop- 
ment executive within tbe 
international marketing 

Dowty Meco: Mr Robert 
WBk has joined as managing 

Thornton Unit 
Mr Jon Broome has 
made sales director. 

SetecTV: Mr Bryan OmgOI 
becomes chairman and Mr 
Michael Niblock has been 
maA> manag ing director. 

Rostron Hancock Reinsur- 
ance Brokers Mr D M 
Beriiand, ehairman; Mr C. G. 
Rostron, managing director, 
Mr P R S Hancock and Mr P 
K King have joined the board. 

Norcros: Mr G.E. Burton 
joins the board of Adderiey 

Green Tiles as sales and 
marketing director, and Mr 
M. Howardjoins that ofH&R 
Johnson lues as marketing 

Health First Mr Julian 
StaintoD has become market- 
ing director. 

Departments of the Envi- 
ronment and Transport Mr 
Daniel Gnrffydd Joaes has 
been made regional director. 
South Eastern region. 


SECURITIES: Total dividend 
for the year to March 31, 1986, 
Pretax revenue 

IJp (2p). Pretax 
£603,500 (£606.000). Earnings 
per share 2JSp (22 lp). 


ERTY TRUST: The company is 
placing £20 millin n first mort- 
gage debenture stock, 2026. This 
issue has been underwritten by 
Schroder and tbe proceeds 
will be used for prop er ty invest- 
ment, supplementing tbe £1 8.56 
milli on raised in Feb. through a 
rights issue. Brokers to tbe issue 
are GieeuweO Modumd. 

group net profit DM143 million 
(£42.3 miuionX against DM142 
nuOion. urnover (already an- 
nounced) DM 12J12 billion (Dm 
13-44 billion). Parent 
company’s net profit DM126 
minion ( DM1 05 nriSion). 

months to March 31, 1986. No 
dividend (nil). Turnover £9.03 
milli on (£9.18 million). Pretax 
profit £219.000 (£200,000). 
Earnings per share 3J5p (3.4p). ■ 

• RHP GROUP: Contracts 
have been exchanged for the sale 
by the company of Mutrhead 
Data Communications and its 
Canadian subsidiary to De La 
Rue Co through its subsidiary, 
Crosfield Hertronics.Tbe cash 
consideration will be £4.2 mil- 
lion, which includes the repay- 
ment of inter-group 
indebtednessJIHP results for 
six months to April 4. Interim 
dividend L9p (1.65). Figures in 

£000. Turnover 77,739 (57,589), 
' 6^87 (4,264). 

per share 8p QJ\ 

Tbe running down of Britain’s 
shipbuilding industry is prov- 
ing dramatic. But< set against 
the pace at which Swedish 
shipbuilding capacity has been 
scrapped, it looks like a com- 
paratively gentle decline. 

In the early 1970s, Sweden 
had more than 10 per cent of 
the world's shipbuilding mar- 
ket, second only to Japan. 
From this year, with the 
closure of the Kockums yard 
near Mahno in southern Swe- 
den, this once mayor industry 
is almost no more. 

Tbe closure of the Kockums 
Yard, at a cost of around 3,000 
jobs, is particularly hard for 
tbe workforce to take. The 
yard was reckoned to be the 
most productive in Europe 
and one of die most technical- 
ly competitive in tbe world. 

But the Swedish govern- 
ment had come to the view 
that the subsidies necessary to 
preserve even an efficient 
shipbuilding industry, which 
have totalled £3.5 bfrlion since 
the first o& shock of 1973/74, 
had to come to an end. 

The closure of the Kockums 
Yard this year followed a 
similar fete for the Uddevalla 
Yard, near Gothenburg, a year 
ago. However, in both cases, 
and unlike in Britain's North- 
east. there is a light at foe end 

Sweden has low unemploy- 
ment, with a recorded rate of 
less than 3 per cent It also has 
expanding manufacturing in- 
dustries to help offset tbe 
unemployment effect of de- 
dining ones. 

With the help of localiza- 
tion grants totalling £20 mil- 
lion to £30 million each, 
Sweden's two leading vehicle 
manufacturers, Volvo and 
Saab-Scanis, are to set up car 
plants near the former ship- 
yard. Volvo is building a plant 
at Uddevalla, and Saab at 
Kockums. Both companies 
are bring allowed to dip into 
foeir investment funds, which 
attract tax relief; to set up the 
new plants. 

In foe two or three years it 
will take for these plants to be 
built and become operational, 
the government will provide 
regional labour marked sup- 
port, totalling about £80 mil- 
lion in foe case of Kockums, 
partly for retraining foe ship- 
yard workers. 

The experience of Sweden's 
earlier shipyard closures sug- 
gests that, even if all the 
workers are not employed 
directly in the car plant — 

ERTIES: Results for I98S. Fi- 
nal dividend 4p(sameX making 
5p (same). Figures in £000. 
Group turnover 74,185 
(72,794). Group profit before 
tax 3,042 (3,033). E a rnin gs per 
share I9.6p(22.1). 

Figures in £000. Gross profit for 
year to January 31 (60 weeks to 
Jan nary 31, 1985) 8,531 
(11,489), loss on operations 

I, 486 (profit l,942)joss on or- 
dinary activities before tax 

2,790 (profit 721)Xoss per share 

I6.8p (0.?p earnings) J^et bank 
borrowings were £3. 7 million at 
year end, down from £4.8 
milli on at end of first half 
MENT CO: Results for 11 
months to December 31 (year to 
December 31). Dividend 2p 
(1.625). Preox profit £125.61 1 
(£85,934). Earnings per share 

I I . 23p (6J1)-The chairman 
says be is heartened by tbe 
company's performance, both in 
the reported figures and for foe 
opening months of 1986. 

for 1985. Total dividend 4Jp 
(3-85pX Turnover £33J9 mil- 
lion (£31.07 million). Pretax 
profit £132 million (£1.24 md- 
lionl Earnings per share 14. 7p 
(J4,9pX Tbe company is quoted 
on the over-the-cotmier market. 

months to Match 28, 1986. 
Interim dividend unchanged at 
2_75p, payable on Aug. 8. Turn- 
over £28-54 million (£29.22 
miflhm). Pretax profit £235 
million (£3.33 mfiHonX Eacn- 

ings per share 6.46p (&78p). 

Saab’s £300 million plant will 
employ 2,000 - ripple effects 
on the local labour market will 
help them to find work. 

According to Mr Carl 
Fredriksson. an official at foe 
Ministry of Industry, labour 
market evaluations show that 
very few of the workers for- 
merly employed at the 
Landskrona Yard, which was 
dosed three years ago, remain 

Sweden's original response 
to the sharp drop in world 
shipbuilding demand in tbe 
1970s matched that of most 
other European countries. Tbe 
private shipyards, facing 
bankruptcy which would have 
been on a scale sufficient to 
put substantial pressure on the 
banking system, were rescued 
and taken under foe wing of 
Svenska Varv, or Swedyards, 
the state shipbuilding 

After tbe second oil crisis of 
1979/80, ft became dear that a 
radical rundown in capacity 
was needed. Even as this 
rundown progressed, foe bur- 
den of supporting a shipbuild- 
ing industry was considerable. 
In 1984/85, 45 per cent of all 
industrial support went to the 
shipbuilding industry, com- 
pared with 5 percent forsteeL 

After tbe Kockums dosare, 
there remain a naval shipyard 
at Karlskrona - the Qty Yard 
near Gothenburg — and the 
Arendal Yard, also near Goth- 
enburg, which specializes in 
rie and platfonns for the 
onshore oil industry and feces 
declining demand. 

Several smaller yards con- 
struct fishing and other craft 
of up to 1.000 tonnes, mainly 
for foe domestic market 

While Sweden seems to be 
coping more efficiently than 
Britain with the rundown of 
what was a key industry for 
both exports and employ- 
ment there is evidence that 
foe country's labour market 
model may have contributed 
to the need for that rundown. . 

Sweden’s pay 
system is highly cent 
and generally quite rigid. 

where they exist am generally 
preserved. Thus, shipyard 
workers long enjoyed a pay 
premium, established during 
tbe successful years, which 
could not easily be removed 
when worldwide demand 

HOLDINGS: Dividend S.ISp, 
malting 7.9p (7.15) for year to 
February 28-Ftgures in £000. 
Turnover 150587 (141,498). 

" 7,510 (6,460). 

per share !6.9p 
(14.6lThe new trading year has 
started well and, with an 
ungeared balance sheet and a 
reasonably rated scrip, the com- 
pany has intensified its search 
for acquisitions. In addition, 
increasing attention is being 
paid to new developme n ts in the 
primus, packaging and plastics 


Results for year to February 28. 

Final dividend 5.6p, making 8p 
(6JX Figures in £000. Turnover 
42371 (37396), pretax profit 
2,121 (1,520). Eamiags per 
share 27.4p (23.4). 

Despite foe 

difficulties “ 

turing industry, tbe chairman 
looks forward to the coming 
year with a degree of optimism. 

COMPANY; One-for-one scrip 
issue proposed. Final dividend 
1.75p, m ak ing 335p (2.75)Fig- 
uresm £000 for year to April 30. 
Earnings before tax 9,077 


Nibd Mobbs, the chairman, 
told the annual meeting; “We 
are much encouraged by tbe 
start to foe year. Lower interest 
rates and energy prices seem to 
be stimulating business activity 
in all foe countries m which we 
Operate. This, in turn, has led to 
much better demand for prop- 
erty which we have available: ” 

Bumper sales 
for unit trusts 

The first quarter this year 
was a boom period tor foe unit 
trust i nd a str y with net sates, 
(gross sales less redemptions 
of units) np by 12251 per cent 
on the same period fast year 
a cc ording to figms from the 
Unit Trust Association. 

However, this has been 
dampened by a stowing ap in 
sales last month. 

Tbe UTA's figures show 
that inflow from direct sales is 
«wcRy outstripping unit-finked 
sates — in other words sates of 
life assurance policies where 
the underlying investment is in 
pn it trusts. 

Government urged to 
eo-operate with Opec 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Britain should modify its 
opposition to requests from 
foe Organization ofPetroleum 
Exporting Countries for co- 
operation to force oil prices 
back up, the president of foe 
managerial trade union in the 
coal industry said yesterday. 

Mr David Paterson, presi- 
dent of the British Association 
of Colliery Management said 
that as Britain held such an 
influential position in western 
oil trade the Government 
should go some way to meet- 
ing Opec representations. 

He said: “I believe a more 
considered response would 
have been to have agreed 
some production restrictions. 
This would not have prevent- 
ed a price fafl, but it might well 
have been possible to stabilize 
the oil price at approximately 
$ 20 . 

“ From the coal industry's 
point of view an oil price of 
$20 would have reduced the 
difficulties of ensuring that 
coal would remain 

half year 

Trading in our pubs and restaurants in the first half year was buoyant 
in spite of beer sales by volume being unchanged from the same period 
last year. Sales of beer in the latter part of 1985 suffered from the.after 
effects of the Runcorn dispute but since January 1986 we have gained 
market share. Throughout the period volume sales of lager continued to 
grow, with an outstanding performance from our premium brands, 
Tennent’s Extra, Tennent's Super and Lamot. 

Coral Racing and Coral Social Clubs performed well despite the severe 
weather, and Bass Leisure has benefited from improved market 
conditions. Crest Hotels achieved a profit advance and increased' 
margins, but occupancy was less buoyant in London than elsewhere. 

We consider that the profit growth in the first half year is most 
encouraging and we are confident that trading in die second half year 
will show satisfactory growth. 


to 12th April 1986 - key figures 



Brewing, drinks and pub retailing 

Trading Profit 

28 weeks 
to 12.4.86 

28 weeks 
to 13.4.85 

52 weeks 
to 30.9.85 








280.2 , 

641 J! 




Brewing, drinks and pub retailing 




- surplus on disposal of 
fixed assets 


129.5 4.7 








-surplus on disposal of 
fixed assets 


9.9 1.5 





Profit before taxation 
Ordinary dividends - per share 

Earnings per ordinary share 










25 39 

21. Ip 


Success from 
natural growth 

^ Bass 

Public Limite d Company 

30 Portland Place, London WIN 3DF 

s~- — 




590 :*r 

2 r..: 

ling — 
?rest _ 
was ~ 
781 = 

ST- — 
Q.8p _ 
000 , 
,740 — 


17 ), 

and — 

■ 10), 








Selling dotfaes in natural fibres through the post freed Jackie Staples from fickle fashion buyers 
By Peta Levi by ihe response — one mailshot and 1 had ringing to ask where they ct 

Jackie Staples says that because people 
lead increasingly frenetic lives, everyone 

is a potential mail order customer. “If 
you can offer what people want at a 
cheaper price, then everyone — the 
aristocracy, politicians, you and me — 
will buy through mail order.” 

For 10 years. 42-year-old Jackie ran 
Jake, a successful fashion business, by 
designing, contracting out manufacture 
and selling women's clothes to the major* 
stores in Britain, Paris and New York. “I 
was tired of the constant dressing-up in 
order to sell to fickle buyers and being at 
the merry of ever-changing fashion 

Having designed mail order women's 
clothes in the raid-1 970's for The Sunday 
Times , she blew that many women want 
well-made clothes in natural fibres, but 
don't have much money. 

So in 1 983, when she was 39, separated 
from her husband and wanting to spend 
more lime at home with a baby daughter, 
she decided to turn Jake into a mail- 
order business. 

For a year she ran the business from 
her South London drawing room while 
refurbishing an office in Kenningtou 
Park Road. To keep the company going 
she courageously spent £10,000 on a 
Sunday Times colour magazine adver- 
tisement Jackie recalls, “I was staggered 

by the response— one mailshot and 1 had 
7.000 orders, worth £173,000. It was a 
success, but it was a mess — we had no 
computer. It took me and three staff 
seven weeks to send out the orders.” 
After that experience she took three 
weeks off to write her requirements for a 
computer program and spent £l 4,000 on 
computer hardware and the specially 
written software. 

The business now employs seven 
people directly and 60 indirectly in 
manufacturing the clothes. Wanting to 

£175,000 In new orders 
from one advertisement 

create a fresh attitude to mail order, she 
has tried to eliminate things which 
irritate her about other mail-order 
services, such as the length of time taken 
to send refunds. She did not buy a 
mailing fist, but created her own, which 
is private. 

By the end of I98S Jake was again 
profitable. Jackie bad continued to direct 
advertising in up-market papers and 
magazines. Her computer informed her 
that although six women had bought all 
nine Jake designs, many women had 
bought only two. Customers were not 
reading all the advertisements and were 

ringing to ask where they could buy Jake 

So, last February, Jackie spent £37,000 
launching her first mail-order catalogue. 
The 16 per cent response from her 40,000 
customers — £ 1 06,000 of orders to date — 
has given her considerable confidence. 

Jake's turnover in the Last 10 months 
was £530,000. a 54 percent increase over 
the previous year. Jackie has financed 
the mail order development with 
£100.000 of share capital and runs the 
business tightly, personally making the 
first prototype of all her designs, 
sometimes re-making them as many as 
14 times in order to work out the most 
economical way of manufacturing the 

Her main problem has been the 
inefficiency of the Post Office. She 
spends £25,000 annually on postage, but 
mail was gening lost, was delivoed at 
2pm instead of 9.30am and was collected 
at widely variable times. Jackie says, “I 
have made myself unpopular at the local 
post office, writing and badgering man- 
agers. even threatening to close my 
business and to campaign in Parliament 
to de-nationalize the Post Office.” 

Jackie says she wants to contain the 
business within limits which she can 
control personally. “Part of its success is 
its exclusivity. 1 don't want to cut comers 
and I am prepared to think long.” 


■Small businesses are apprehensive 
about trading levels in the first three 
months of 1986, according to the 
latest Quarterly Survey by the Small 
Business Research Trust 
More than 30 per cent of the 1,326 
respondents expected sales in the first 
quarter to be down on the previous 
quarter and 22 per cent said turnover 
would be the same. This meant that 
the balance (the proportion of 'up' 
responses minus the ‘down 1 
responses) (ell over the quarter from 26 
per cent to 10 per centThe balance for 
employment remained the same at 5 per 
cant and more than half said they 
expected staffing levels to remain the 

Finance ancf interest rates remained 
the most important problem cited by 

companies, followed by the total tax 
burden. Almost half admitted to some 
problems with finance, with a higher 
percentage of younger firms admitting 

A special survey conducted with the 

National Westminster Small Business 
Digest of 3,500 firms revealed that 23 
per cant claim to be members of a general 
small business representative body 
and 49 per cent claim to have joined some 
other professional or trade body. 

■ Newcastle Youth Enterprise Centre, 
set up on the Tyne less than 18 months 
ago to help young people startup in 
business, has just helped its 600th client 
He was 21-year-old Michael Rowe, 
who wants to start a furniture- making 
business this year after completing ms 
degree course in design craftsmanship at 
Newcastle Polytechnic. The centre is 
offering advice and helping him draw up a 
business plan which will be monitored. 

The centre’s manager. Chris Smith, 
says they have exceeded the expected 
number of business start-ups by a big 
margin. One hundred and twenty 
businesses are now in existence 
thanks to advice from centre officials. 


•Contact: Newcastle Youth 
Enterprise Centre, 25 Low Friar Street, 
Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 SUE; 
phone (0632) 616009. 

*T just wish that the people who teO 
me they envy ray in dependence cooEd 
meet you!” 


Humberts Leisure 

Ojrtd UK the major new marteUng fen* in utacom- 
■nunkations are now looking for dealers nationwide. 

We oftav 

1. Brand lender products (STC/tm. 

2. Nanocnl matntananco A InriallaUoa arnrtce. 

3. PraMom dealer support package. 

* Sales A product balnlng- 

6. Dodung now lines tor 1907. 

For tan details ptvave call 

(0992) 700459/700489 

Grssvanof Sirs'.-! »ercor> \V X 


used car rental 


£■» w ® ootnaan tm toman n on 

tat 2 yarn ari Bnj ad canton ttat em syson sorts. 


RaneMw Sales, 137/145 High Street, 
Botdesiey, Bktnraghem B12 Q4U 

Bocdesiey, Binr 
or tatephono 

m B12 OJU 
771 4524. 


Wiaraon S miks Lwdw III idles 

The Compton Castle Estate -//>- 

A Prestigious Residential and Agricultural Estate 0; 

1235 Acres- ' 

Marftir Office Tel: 01-499 415S aad Wefia Office Tel: (8749)78812. 

Mount Street, Marble, Xtmfap WIY 5HA. Telephone 01-499 4155 

127 Mount Street, Mayfair, 
Abo at Loudon - WtawuaatoftKi 
Hanuaie. Oxford. 

Chribca. Aitindd. Bnfo. Gnaerbcry, Bdtabwih. 
asm. Dtdbai. Ktnah, Staaah. . 



the invoices you sari 



ynstiss S3 szdhe^ 

!i-4 r V:l EmCjjiUi x 1 1 1 1 U l 

btssess. Nazi's fme 


the rewards 



£7,000 TO INVEST 

Jta " consumable 
saleg /ittar tedoB/ a dnriiris- 
trattve acpntlse by 

entre p reneur 42. seeking 
working Involvement to 

viable business' In 

spora/ie)sure/ > he&&fa_ 
praduett or services Lon- 
don area. Reply to SOX 


NEW PRODUCT nnea reoutrM (or 
boteb and guff houses. Over 
SOO outlets. Please contact Mcs. 
BarDeS <0202} 296203. 


Agents or Agenis/Stodrists req uir ed for well estab- 
lished product used in factories and on specialist 
vehicles and Plant in following areas; 




Small company in Essex has 
capacity available for turning 
and milling, manual and 
CNC. Quality and delivery 

-★ Thu O.IL's fastest growing retail 

. *. r „ I ,L _T n 

Trove* entua. ' 

★ AprovwfraitiihasdMnK — 26 . 
■ orfah nmropin. 

A s ydwi o ftiriQg lira moot 

• ujwproheiisJvu podn^eoF - 


★: Agrowtag tadatfc*v*e« , . . 

- - penafiol *ervk» wnts; 

V : 1f0 U WILl MEHfc- 

“ArUfe cdbiSfy to nstnao^u staff ocul 
: Iwpht H u b wahyrarraw 

★ To enjoy working with An gmard 

★ Up to £20,000 BquM capital mi 
fheabftiy tohoauwawirfbar 

£25,000 - £40,000, depending • 
onlocofioa, for the first few years. 

Telephone (0279) 35867 | 


0424 - 443684 



MR. JJR. HORTON TEL: 0922 27531 
Besot Cm. Walsall, West Midlands 



£20,000 to £100,000 

A biiMW 1 can wntaiiy from hom e, vMi —faha d 
potential, an e yduriw area, w pi u r epeat orders, 
Mfh profit asarpm, positive cob flow, naiad wn> 
heads, no stack itwi iw nt nl end pvar £100- par day 
profit. It can vatic for yoa too. For details send a 9*4 
SAtta’nn M uHw t i og O a r octo f, Scorpion House, H»jfc 
St, Turroy, Bedford MK43 8DB. - 

rr V ii prospective franemseos ore 

urgcntW sought for ou. 

...nun nntir.n cbMi' 1 -* v 

for active participation as principals in any 
realistic proposition with potential for growth 

36” - 200” TVs 

Sant screen TVs. monitors and wJbo pra jKMU tor Imn Wa te dsfoety. 
Mesutetv. Sanyo, ITT. NEC and Thomson units tar domestic and commer- 
cial use. natio nwide defr ay and se wt en . Eaport and trade manes 
welcome FuS mtarmeBoo hone 

JJL RMta * Corn, 

SB SttSoo Rod. HMde Sms. 

SUM CoMMd. V. ■Mtinfo. 873 5JT. 

821 354 2333 t24hra sendee! 

Tatar 3373M 


An attractive sad busy village FREEHOUSE with COTTAGE, 
situated appTDiiiraidy 8 milts sooth-east of Oxford. 2 character 
Bn* Kitchen. 4 room xocoounodaboo o*er. Comae with 2 
Beds. Living Room and usual offices. Lajy Beer r~«mVr, p^rfe- 
rng for minimum 80 cars. Under for last IS yon 

Genuine and «dt-e$ublcshed business. 



For Freehold and GoodwilL 


A small advertising business (not limited) based 
in Gwent requires a partner who is prepared to 
invest £20, 000 and wal be either a silent or work- 
ing partner. The scope for expansion for this 
business is enormous. 

K Board Promotions, 20-21 High Street, New- 
port, Gwent NP9 1FW Tel: 0633 842538. 

AGENTS: ADK1N. Martel Place, Wallingford, Oxon 

Tel: (0491) 36999 



Complete turnkey operation. English owners last 6 
yrs. T/0 $120,000. High profit margin. Asking 
price £65,000. Owner will finance if required. 

Phone: 0101 3057982495 or write PO Box 
6542. West Palm Beach, Florida 33405 USA. 


tel e p hone ow w eri ng, fox to let. We are a Norik of Eggtad 
mo wifacl iner, long BSToMkhed, who boa sot up o pmtifllona 
London solos office io Harking, foil, 01 triepfcono loita 
and adtoceat to fog smiergrouad ctotion- We would wfo 
coma engnef kwmfor my tc t atli i ory uaij u linos witti e 
rieer to sfioriog omfoeods. bHM o ng ui ri es to 

Mrs. C. Dme - Tofc 8QUI 492421 beta 27 
(offico hours). 


Existing takaway business with empty 
basement and kitchen which was used 
as restaurant. Offers. 01-207 1238 
6.30pm to 8.00pm. 


from £99.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Company Services Ltd 
Bridge St, ISl Queen Victoria St. Londo 

: St, ISl Queen Victoria St. London. EC4 

TEL: 01-248 561 6 

Also Company Searches 


tor me acquisition of private companies. WOT con- 
sider Joint ventures with established companies 
currently under financed. Retirement sales and man- 
agement buy-outs espec i a l ly welcomed. Private 
snare puctiasers arranged. 

Telephone 01-835 5795 or 486 6139. 



* including photocopying, telexing, faxing. 
-» word processing and W 1 mailing address 
~ contact Sioane Secretaries Limited on OI- . 
•> 491 0093. 

tefophm anmwmg, fn to let. We <n g Nortfa of England 

manafoctwer, bmg Hu t fa lwd, wfn hoi sot op a pa to gea 
London satet office to Balfcieg, Ea«, 01 icMtm mb* 
and adjacent to fog ■o dcr g rcuud stotioa. Wc woe Id weL 
come wmoiriw from talar rcye cl oMe o rgawot iw »ifo a 
"ow to during o w heotfa. htriol toqovMS to 

Mo. C. Dixoa . Tab (0282) 692621 Esta 27 
(office hoonL 

Preliminary details ter. 

Ificfiae) Josephs 
Acre House, 69/76 Lssg Acre, Lradm WC2E 9JW 
Tab 01 3793461 


Id the month of May we axe committed to lend- 
ing £5m. Our main interests of business are; 

Venture Capital 
Equity Finance 

Commercial and Indnstrial Finance 
Cotnmerriai Rmnortgages 

Is yoor bank manager not giving you total commitment 
or flexibility? If you fed tint we can assist on any of the 
above services, please do not h e sit a te to contact Nick 
Francis or Warwick Bryan on 021 643 2045. Thor 

Investments Limited, white House, ill New Street. 
Birmingham B2 4EU. 


•!l I k I 


Vfe can probably sd your 
company m today s market on 
very attractive toms. Free 
valuation Write or telephone 
Kevin Bfflings on 021-454 5121. 


Paxtd Manufactory 
far sale Engaged m 
architectural and ve- 
hicle insulated panel 
systems. Reply to 
BOX 024. 

Ackriil Carr jpk: 

Randal Services 


in driving location estab- 
lished high dass IwSas 
tastton step- Tbmover ap- 
praxSnataJy £69,090. 
Presartt rent CSSQ pa. Now. 
rant next year. Owner rent- 
ing. £8,750 for goodwO,- 
Bxtures & ntting* & lease. 

Telephone after fLOO pm 
. (02441880341 ■ 


Devon c onstatag of 
gaotBsgatay. Jge paMc loos lar. 
oj ds scrid e Siqb. Ige pawo pstn 
+ carport- Tastohffy caMts aid 
tom omen 3 beo GH accomm 

ptos grae. V.G t/Ovsr bora 
sales, toed aw macro. OK 

sales, food aw macro. Often 
over El 80 .000. For tatter deals 
0752 560293. 

to Mm Location • 

Futy eputpped gym and latost 
sftnirtng machines 
Oflars cfce £75^300 
Contect - _ 

TRtOl-4994554 ■ 


ft ywr t ita B s irti acd rai s ft tar 





. CStUXIO, Bob. mfing 
. IOOVpa.4, 

Reply Mlb phone no- u 

naxmft, .. 

- • • Tba-Hnes, 

W ea n H nL H<g>n ffvrt . mra» v ti i n B m TP 




in SE T/o £3 30k est 15 yrs. Net assets £48k; 
generating £50k for directorate. Ill health forces 
sale; offers invited. Contact Mr. Gould 0702 


an interest In an exporting lius.. specialising in panic with 
the USA. They reautre uus interest to develop an extt an o 
export business, and are wUUng to purchase the whale 
Miriness, or to acquire an toteresc. A recogni se d trading 
name and logo are avaaabie. Cocstderahie expertise can be 
contributed. A lorthcontaig visit to the USA Is arranged, 
and c orrespond e nce b requested as soon as possfole bon 
interested ponies. Please contact Nortxrwoods. Certified 
Aceoaumnts. Argent House. S CokUngton Road. Sedford. 


to today's modern age of advanced communications can 
your company afford to lose business by not taring acritn- 
Ue and telex 7 Silhouette industries supply, imnui service 
and train Oper a t or s in trio A lacsunfle mariUnes. mi out- 
right purchase, lease, or rental oattonwlde. 

For tarfoor faif sr mU s ai ftflltoosttt 
5S2 41SS 

Ltd , 81- 


businessman seeks, 
opportunities to . 
use substantial 
• experience. . 
Reply to BOX 



Proed of purchase and scurco 
preriflad. Prepared to spat 
into batatas ft necessary. 
£250 each 

Tdt 0882 8968000 or 
07S3 84744 (EVENtWGSI ' 

CeofiBHCd OT psat 27 

a m ; 


. • s ?>* - 
r^-vd 1 

. . -1 "N 




May 23, 1986 

By Peter Strafford and Craig Seton 

; 4 
:■ ^ 

t ■ : iZ, 




m . “5* 


— ■ . K ' 

- • ; w 

1 -cetT;? a 

• er ■. ■ 

-<•- « ?.• f«rnnr 



... ,, ■arr.’^* 


•** * *V 

436 # 

B irmingham’s Facili- 
ty of Engineering is 
situated in a mosi 
suitable place — in 
• . t he heart of the 

oncwtidit Hiann&aiirit w||^ 

of the West MidtandsTrodav 
the West Midlands is in 
dramatic decline, but the fac- 
ulty sees one of its mum tads 
as being to help in the regener- 
ation of the area through the 

close contacts it has devdoped 
wiih industry. 

It is confident t hat in the 
new climate of opinion. In 
which greater respect is now 
paid to engineering, there is 
much it can do. U A new shop- 
window for engineering in the 
West Midlands,” was how 
Professor Raymond 
SmaUman, the Dean, de- 
scribed it at the new faculty’s 
inauguration ceremony in 
March: He talked of respond- 
ing to the rapid changes in the 
industrial world and of “tann- 
ing with our partners in die 
revitalization of the economy 
of the region *\ 

Tbe faculty was established 
last August, bringing together 
seven engineering depart- 
ments which had previously 
been part of the larger Ffccufty 
of Science and Engineering. 
This new, separate status gives 
the engineers . much greater 
freedom in ' reshape the 
courses they offer. They con- 
sider it was not possible in the 
past because of the greater 
prestige traditionary enjoyed 
m British universities by the 
pure sciences. 

... Now, however* the situa- 
tion is changing, and the 
engineers believe that though 
they,' too, have suffered from 
government cuts, they are 
much better looked on in 
Whitehall than many other 
areas of university life. . . 

The percentage they receive 
of research council funds las 
increased from just 5 pier cent 
some years ago to about 25 per 
cent today; and, most impor- 
tant of all, they have been able 
to more ihan nmlHittp&F cuts 

in direct government funding, 
by increased earnings from 
private industry grants and 

Professor SmaOman- - says 
■that only a few years ago -the 
engineering departments re- 
ceived between 80 and 90 per 
cent of their revenue frtnn the 
Treasury. Today’s figure is 
about 60 per cent. This reflects 
the. feet that whereas in 1980- 
. 81 the total of new contracts 
and grants was £4 .5 milli on, it 
has -risen to more than £5 
million in the current year, 
1985-86. . 

This means that instead 

Research results 
arenrade known 

of - remaining in -academic 
isolation,. ..members of the 
faculty are encouraged to de- 
velop contacts with the world 
. of industry. The aim is two- 
fold: to try to ensure that the 
results of their research are 
known to .industrialists who 
will be abteto make practical 
use of it — something that has 
too often not been the case jn 
Britain in the past — aud io 
attract money to support 
research. • 

These contacts are not con- 
fined to the West Midlands. 
Birmin gham University’s en- 
gineering departments have 
an international reputation, 
and several of them are in the 
forefront o£ thefc $eids. : The 

rapid transit systems of Hong 
Kon& Singapore, Sydney and 
even Seoul love drawn on the 
expertise of ihe Department of 
Electronic and Electrical 

The Department of Metal- 
lurgy and Materials has a 
contract from the European 
Co mmissi on for an important 
part in devdoping lngh-per- 
. ibratance permanent magnets, 
a European response to Amer- 
ican and. Japanese efforts. 

-Generally speaking money 
- for r ffgarrh contracts . and 
grants comes from three 
sources — industry, research 
councils and foundations, and 
government departments (or 
the EEC). In aO these cases it 
has to be competed for, and 
the need to do this has given a 
new edge to faculty activities. 

■ No less important is the 
attention that has to be paid to 
the training of undergraduates 
and postgraduate students. 
Tbe innovations that have 

■ followed the establishment of 
. a separate Engineering Faculty 

have included foe creation of 

■ hew four-year courses for the 
degrees of Bachelor of Engi- 
neering (BEng) and Master of 
Engineering (MEng). These 
give' particular emphasis to 
design and producti on in an 
attempt to hieet industry’s 

Tbere is also an awareness 
that today’s engineer, or 
tomorrow’s, needs a broadly 
based approach^ 5m d should 
not to be too narrowly con- 
fined within one specialized 
area. The faculty, therefore, 
Mims to bridge the divides 
between traditional subject 
areas and create multi-disci- 
plinary engineering skillsu 
New, courses have been set up 
in flexible manufacturing sys- 
tems and in electronics and 
manufacturing engineering, 

. for instance. 

.There is also the intention 
of setting up multi-disdplm- 
ary centres concerned with 
automotive engineering and 
computer-integrated mann-. 

factum The belief is that 
these, too, are a response to 
foe needs of industry. 

Undertying these innova- 
tions is a sense that, in spite of 
its previous contributions, en- 
gineering has for too long been 
undervalued .in Britain by 
comparison with other coun- 
tries; but that given the need 
for industrial recovery, that is 
now changing. 

Professor SmaUman points 
out that whereas; in B inning- 
ham sod elsewhere, there has 
been a drop-in the overall 
number of applicants for uni- 
versity. places, there has been 
an increase of about 10 per 
cent in those wanting to study 
engineering, because of the job 
opportunities offered. 

At foe same time foe needs 
of British industry today, he 
believes, are quite different 
from those of the 1950s, when 
factories were making low 
varieties of product in high 
volumes for markets which 
they dominated. Today that 
domination has gone, and 
British factories have to be 
adaptable, capable of produc- 
ing a great variety of techno- 
logically sophisticated 

Industry needs 
are changing 

products in s mall volumes at 
kw cost and with high quality. 

To do that requires more 
flexible and less specialized 
people than have traditionally 
emerged from tbe British edu- 
cation system; and the engi- 
neers in particular have to get 
away from an overspecialized 
and fragmented approach. 

The Japanese have been 
able to achieve their 
by a more flexible approach, 
in spite of devoting relatively 
little 'effort to pure research. 
That, too, is foe objective of 
the new Engineering Faculty 
at Birmingham as it sets out to 
meet the needs of industry in 
the West Midlands and 


General Electric 
is helping them 
become Britain’s most 
gifted graduates 

Professor Raymond RmaHman, left, with a micro-analytic microscope, and Dr JJL West using tidal water equipment 

Hand in hand with industry 

An estimated 40 to SO per 
cent of the £5 million of new 
research contracts expected to 
be placed with Bir mingham ’s 
Faculty of Engineering this 
year win be directly funded by 

Tbe proportion of vital new 
money from companies is 
growing every year as cash 
from more traditional sources, 
the research councils and gov- 
ernment agencies, becomes 
harder to acquire. The faculty 
has had to tread foe hard road 
of financial reality, but its 
entrepreneurial instincts have 
been applied to offer a wealth 
of academic expertise and 
research facilities in return for 
a share of industry’s cash. 

Research contracts across a 
whole range of diverse activi- 
ties, involving such giants as 
GEC, Hawker SSddetey and 
Austin Rover, and the needs 
of Britain’s water authorities 
and ~ London Underground. 

now go hand is hand with 
successful teaching company 
schemes and university-based 
consultancies to draw foe 
faculty closer to the compa- 
nies its engineers will tuti- 
mately serve. 

Professor Raymond 
SmaUman, Dean of foe facul- 
ty, said: “in 1981 we received 
£1 J million in research mon- 
ey. This year the contracts win 
be over £5 milli on. Up to 50 
per cent of that money is 
industry-linked. We have had 
to interact much more effi- 
ciently with industry. It has 
been tough, but exciting. We 
feel part of a team and I am 
sure it is the pattern for the 

The Department of Elec- 
tronic and Electrical Engineer- 
ing, for example, has 
undertaken collaborative 
work with more than 60 
industrial and commercial 
concerns and one group — 

power, e lectron ic and traction 
systems (PETS) — has impor- 
tant links with GEC Transpor- 
tation and Traction, Hawker 
Siddeley Rail and London 
Underground in key areas 
concerned with railway and 
transit projects in Britain and 

About 90 per cent of its 
research income conies direct- 
ly from industry. Professor 
Brian Mellitt, the head of the 
department, has no doubts 
about foe value of such co- 
operation: “If a university 
does not involve itself in new 
research and projects it 

Pro fessor Mellitt’s own 
PETS group is involved in a 
consultancy service to indus- 
try, providing expert knowl- 
edge on foe design of power 
supply systems for railways 
and other related subjects. 

Consultancy services, 
through a central university 

organization, and the hiring 
out of expensive specialist 
equipment to industrial users 
are a growing source of addir 
tional income. 

Industrialists have been 
heartened by foe increasing 
co-operation between busi- 
ness and university. Brian 
McCann, who runs GEC 
Transportation Projects and 
Traction, said: “We have de- 
veloped with Birmingham 
University a course to pro- 
duce high-quality engineers 
for the transportation business 
and we also put in research. 

“It means the students do 
practical laboratory work 
which is relevant to us and it 
keeps tbe university in touch 
with foe real world. It is of 
mutual benefit. In many ways 
they are an extension of us.” 

Another crucial, and grow- 
ing, area is foe teaching com- 
pany scheme. Of 190 such 
Continued on page 23 






2 h.i 

.ting — 


was — 
781 = 

ST- — 
six r . 
jBvi- bu ‘ 


000 , 

,740 — 


and — 
•I0 ),»hi | 

ex- ~ 

You would expect IMI, as one 
of Britain^ leading engineering 
groups, to have a commitment to 
engineering at the highest level. 
Nor would you be disappointed. 

Many IMI products empioy 
high technology in their design 
and conception: pneumatics, 
aerospace titanium alloys, 
nuclear energy components 
and rocket motors are just 

Equally advanced is the 
engineering IMI companies apply 
to the manufacture of new and 
established IMI products ... the 
vacuum brazing of automotive 
radiators . . . robotics in the 
forming of hot water cylinders . . . 
computer control of 
machine tools... 
automated assembly 

and inspection of valve bodies 
and sporting ammunition ... the 
widespread use of sophisticated 
information technology systems. . 

In all this, as in the past, we 
are at one with the University of 
Birmingham, and its Faculty of 
Engineering, in the pursuit of 

Our relationship with the 
University has always been both 
two way and fruitful. IMI has 
always had Birmingham 
graduates of many disciplines 
working in its companies, while it 
has always been receptive to the 
needs of research, both 
fundamental and applied. 

In wishing the Faculty well, . 
IMI is certain it will go 
on to greater success 
in the future. 

means more than metal 

axuaiSffitxy is vital fetteccotimiing 


Centre at BinxHx^ham.Uraversi^rm 

Wnrijrtfo nraidrafoanatkMl 


; Y As somebody else one* said 

Arc-fa g dfficitoities: *Gjye «s thg- 

Together GEandBirmingham 
Univeratyare capable of developing 
tbe answers. 

One ef the workfs Great Enterprises 

' Gencxzl Electric Cotqany is not Ha6daied?&ii tbe 

building products • heat exchange 
drinks dispense • fluid power 
special-purpose valves 
general engineering 
refined and wrought metals 

IMI pic Birmingham England 


Engineering at 


Softening the 
blow from 
birds in flight 

The Department of Metallur- 
gy and Materials deals with 
what is central to any engi- 
neering undertaking — the 
materials used. Traditionally 
these used to be primarily 
metals; hence the first half of 
the -title. But increasingly, 
attention is being given to 
other materials, such as ce- 
ramics and plastics, which 
have properties that can be 
Superior to those of metals, 
and that has widened the field 
of research considerably. 

1 The subjects of study in- 
clude metals and their alloys, 
ceramics, polymers, and com- 
posite materials which can 
incorporate the properties of 
more than one of them. 

. At Birmingham, work is 
being carried ouu for instance, 
.on titanium-based alloys 
which are being used for the 
construction of engines for jet 
aircraft. One aim is to deter- 
mine the factors which condi- 
tion dimensional change, or 
“creep”; another to improve 
the toughness of the engine 
blades so that they can resist 
the shock caused when a bird 
is suddenly sucked into the 

Another subject of study is 
the damage caused by neu- 
trons to the zirconium' alloys 
used in nuclear reactors. The 
object is to make the zirconi- 
um alloy more resistant to 

irradiation, and one approach 
is to use electrons to simulate 
the neutron damage. 

The department is headed 
by Professor Raymond 
Sraallman, who is also Dean 
of the faculty. It is a long- 
standing department, and was 
one of the first to be created at. 
the Mason Science College, 
the forerunner of the Univer- 
sity of Birmingham, when it 
was founded in 1875. Over the 
years it has had dose contacts 
with industry, and that tradi- 
tion continues today, with 
more than SO industrial com- 
panies sponsoring research by 
the department. 

At the centre of its research 
effort, and basic to any at- 
tempt to develop improved 
materials, is the study of the 
micTOStructurc of materials 
and of the relationship be- 
tween that structure and the 
properties of the materials. 
This requires the use of so- 
phisticated electron beam in- 
struments — among them 

A closer look at 

Yob need a keen eye .to get these thing * right: Students practise behind masks in the workshop and experinreat in a digital systems laboratory 

Scanning Electron Microsco- 
py (SEM). Conventional 
Transmiss ion Electron Mi- 
croscopy (CTEM). High Volt- 
age Electron Microscopy 
(HVEM) and Auger Electron 

The latest acquisition by the 
department in this range ot 




are pleased to be associated with 
Birmingham University’s 
Faculty of Engineering 



Telephone: 061-872 2431 

Telex: 665 451 

instruments is foe 400 kV 
analytical electron micro - 1 
scope, the first of its type in 
the world, from the Japanese 
Electron Optics Company Ltd 
(JEOL). Hus has the capabili- 
ty of studying both the micro- 
structure : of materials and 
their microchemistry to a very 
high resolution. It helps in 
understanding tire properties 
and behaviour of high- tech- 
nology materials,' and in de- 
veloping new and improved 

A development in foe mate- 
rials field which is naprising 
to the uninitiated is foe dis- 
covery that in some circum- 
stances a ceramic component 
may be more effective than a 
metal one. This is true when 
the temperature is very high, 
in a jet engine for instance, 
because there is a limit beyond 
which metals cannot safely go, 
of say 600 degrees Centigrade, 
whereas some ceramics can go 
up to 1,500, or even 2,000 
de g re e s . 

The need is to make the 
ceramic material less brittle, 
and that is one of the lines 
being pursued at Birmingham. 

Another speciality is heat 
treatment, research on which 
is carried out under foe aus- 
pices of foe Wolfson Institute 
for Surface Engineering, a 
section of tire Department of 
Metallurgy and Materials, 
headed by Professor Tom Bell- 
Heat treatment involves 
hardening the surface of parts 
of engines which are particu- 
larly exposed to wear — the 
crankshafts of diesel engines 
or the small gears of satellites 
—and foe institute, working in 
close collaboration with in- 
dustry, has -developed new 
methods. - 

One of the biggest recent 
contracts' is for the develop- 
ment of high-performance 
magnets, which play an im- 
portant part in many new 
areas of technology, such as 
computer peripherals, minia- 
ture electric motors and 

The European Commission 
in Brussels derided that there 
should be a European re- 
sponse to this, and it approved . 
foe Concerted Action on 
Magnets (CEAM) programme, 
involving nearly 50 laborato- 
ries throughout foe EEC. The • 

take the 

D W“ ei ! l 1 of Metallurgy li n k e d with motor industry 
and Materials at Birmingham customers, indudms Austin 
is to play a major role in foe Rover and JagSrT* 

programme, and has been 
allocated funds of about 
£600.000 for iL 


The name behind the world's nihan transit systems 

London Transport International is London Regions Transport's 
consultancy company which is able to draw upon the«xperince of 
many years of public transport operation in London to provide 
technical advice and management expertise on every aspect of . 
planning, designing and operating public transport. ~~ 

London Regional Transport is also in the forefront of rtiodem 
technology through its responsibility for the planning, construction and 
future operation of the Docklands Light Railway. 

London Transport International welcomes the establishment of the; 
University of Birmingham Faculty of Engineering and is pleased to. 
associate on projects involving the latest techniques in transport 

55 Broadway, London SW1H 0BD 
Telephone: 01-227 3685 
Telex: 8812227 

I The main thrust is the 
dynamic testing of vehicle 
structures, to assess, ride char- 
acteristics and. produce more 
comfortable cars. Whole vehi- 
cle bodies are vibrated for 
several days to identify stress 
points and assess component 

Professor Davies said there 
are proposals to set up a centre 
for automotive engineering to 
pool aB foe expertise ami 
resources of foe various de- 
partments and conduct re- 
search for a motor industry, 
eager for new knowledge. 

Researchers have also de- 
veloped their own robot which 
is on foe market for a variety 
of tasks requiring precision 

The robotics team is now 
expanding and is looking to- 
wards new developments for 
robots working in environ- 
ments that are hazardous for 
human workers. 

“Flexible manufacturing 
systems”, using automation 
and computers fo enable in- 
dustry to adapt production to a 
wide range of components or' 
products, is also a key area of 
future research. . 

Professor Davies said: 
“Both on the under-gradnate 
teaching-ride and foe research 
side, computer techniques and 
computer methods are becom- 
ing dominant.” " 

There is now a plan for an 
inter-departmental centre for 
computer ■ integrated 

Hie healthy state of foe 
department is demonstrated 
by the number of grants mid 
c ontr acts ft receives — about 
£1-25 mJUion worth this year, , 
much of it from the Science ' 
and Engineering Research 

Professor Davies said: 
“Things are picking up. Indus- 
try is sponsoring more stu- 
dents, and we have an 
increasing amount of money 
comiHg in directly from 

“We are having to go oat 
and earn our keep, but the 
response has been marvellous. 

It pots os in touch with 
indnstry and as far as research 
income is concerned, we are 
booming. I am very optimistic 
for tire future." 

The way to measure ocean waves 
100 miles into the deep 


of Mechanical Engineering, 
speaks confidently of the fu- 
ture: “The demand .for oar 
graduates has never been bet- 
ter. Industries which had to 
slim down In the last eight 
years are having to recr uit 
again in a big way." 

The demands of -modern 
industry, however, are chang- 
ing and foe department is 
praduring engineers with flex- 
ible, computer-based skills. 

Professor Davies said: “In- 
dustry wants engineers who 
can sit on the board, talk to tire 
Shop flour, deal intelligently 
with accounts and marketing 
people and travel abroad. It 
wants versatility.” 

The department caters for 
about 290 undergraduates 
and about 50 post-graduates. 

The largest undergraduate 
coarse is mechanical engineer- 
ing, followed by mechanical 
engineering and manufacture 
and management, a prestige 
coarse for “high-flyers" which 
has a foreign language or 
business studies as an option. 

The third is mechanical 
engineering and economics, a 
doable honours coarse which 
also has a language- business - 

~ AbouTKalf foe'StttdefttS are 
sponsored by indnstry and 
they spend a year with their 
company before joining the 

Postgraduate c ourse s cover 
thermodynamics (which at- 
tracts overseas stnd eats), ma- 
chine tool and manufacturing 
technology and foe important 
new venture of flexible manu- 
facturing systems. 

Research Is an important 
growth area and much of it is 

Research income is 
currently booming 

The Department ^Electronic 
- anti Electrical Engineering has 
"an international reputation, in 
particular for foe work, it tips 
done-on rapid transit systems 
as far afield as Hong Kong, 
Singapore and Sydney. Nearer 
home, .it is taking - part in 
planning for .the renewal of foe 
Central line in London. 

It is also much, involved in 
the sea, both above and below 
the surface. A research groop 
beaded by. Profesror.ED.R- 
Shearman has received a-grant 
of £153.000 from the Wolfson 

where be advises^ on rapid 
transit^ystenis. .. 

Mach of the . departments 
work in this area, be says, is on 
control of the motors, with the 
aim of ensuring that control is 
as smooth as possible as the 
train goes through the process- 
es of acceleration and braking. 

It has also developed a 
whole System sinndator which 
ean provide a model of foe 

closely with both GEC and 
Hawker Siddeley on rapid 
transit systems. Apart from its 
work with London Transport, 
it has sold its programme to 
Singapore, wbere a rapid tran- 
sit system Is nowTjejng built, 
and has provided design stod- 

Jdfometrcs from foecoast-The 
problem establish a dear 
pattern ‘ showing_.bow foe 
waves axe moving and how 
high they are. Much progress 
has been made, and more is 
expected when a second sen- 
sor is set up in north Devon in 

Foundation for a project to a comple te two - 

measure foe. strength. amLdi- rapid transit system. 

ies for tire. Seoul system, for co-operation with -Neptune 
foe Tuen Mnn system on Radar, which wifi examine the 
Hong Kong island, for Pusan, same area of sea from a 
also in South Korea, and for different direction, 
foe Tangara system in Sydney. .. ... 

remote sensing of wavesfoas fished, and its success is 
main object. Professor hr.* firm, mrfSwv 

rection of waves 1 00 miles and 
more out to sea; and another 
group has developed ad- 
vanced sonar equipment for 
deep sea work. 

Professor Brian Mellitt, the 
bead of the department, takes 
special pride m foe close 
contacts it has developed with 
industry, and the value of the 
contracts awarded by indus- 

Research lor specially designed sea rescue 
equipment is done in a large tank of water 

Starting from thegeographical 
description of the railway, foe 
traction characteristics, signal- 
ling lay-out and operating 
requirements, foe computer 
programme gives information 

try, research institutes and foe '.about 5iich points as energy 
Government for research at consumption for various trac- 
Birmingham — currently of tion options, regulation of the 

Birmingham — currently of tion opQ 
the order of £1,770,000. He DC sup 
himself heads the research behavfoi 
group dealing with power systems, 
electronics and traction sys- It hel 
tons, and is a man of phenom- wbere to 
enal energy who spends much tc^iay on 
of his time in aeroplanes' .to.mmir 
between Birm ingham and var- needed, 
ious points round the world The di 

Shearman explains, is to ob- 
tain advance warning of rough 
yy which ari ght 
either coastal defences or the 
work , being done on oil rigs. 
This is of particular interest to 
the Dutch, with their need to 
protect their low shoreline, 
and they have co-operated 

DC supply equipment and witfr Birmingham. It is even 
behaviour of the si gnalling possible to imagine a system 

It helps in derisions on 
wbere to put sub-stations, how 
to^lay out signalling, and bow 
to mmimize the input energy 
needed. -• 

The department has worked 

extending to all the countries 
bordering the North Sea. 

Birmingham's work is 
based on a sensor set up in 
south-west Wales, which 
makes readings of waves out 
to 2 ; range of 150. to 200 

The sonar research group is 
another that is well estab- 
lished, and . its success is 
reflected in foe funding it 
receives both from industry 
and tire Ministry bfDefence. — 
particularly interested in ad- 
vances in sonar equipment. 
Research is carried out into 
both active sonar, when , a 
short pulse of sound is trans- 
mitted into foe water in order 
to measure foe range of foe 
target, and passive sonar, in 
which an array of sensors, 
called hydrophones, foods to 
foe noises p io du ced by ; foe 
target. ■ • 

- One piece of eq ui pment 
developed in Birmrqfoani r- 
wherc research is canted out 
in a JaiBe tatfo of water— was 
specially designed for deep sea 
rescue work, and has been 
bought in foe United States 
and Japan. It can hr of value 
to navies and, companies in- 
volved in maintaining, oil rigs. 





> ir * 
t. erac 

Following the successful development of 
System Design Techniques for 

Hawker Siddeley look forward to a 

Group in the Department of Electrical and 


f^ghHawker Siddeley Rail Projects Ltd 

.. . 

w' / 




.Current restertih In the Do- 
partmeatdF.Gvil Engineering 
• nim-mddly; iraua the best 
way to yt irrigation water to 
.crops ^developing countries 
fo .detective into; the 

. causes of tJracking in concrete 

/structures -^such-as elevated 
settfoas-of motorways, .u/ 

: Professor Michael Harelip 
the -head of : the. department 
•* ■ jydrotogy: spedatist, 

most mtuOKiiscipfinaryof the 
fenneoiqg- -professions. Me 
‘said: "My cufrefct interest is. in ’ 
tlie proper scheduling of irri- 
gation -water, “which Tequires a 
knowledge of how much water 
is needed by cxqps. People 
would be surprised that that is ' 
something engineers do." 

The department has pro- 
duced a systems model de- ; 
signed, to. allocate irrigation 
water for crops during short- 
ages hr. semi -arid areas. It has 
already been applied to a rice 
smallholding in Sri Lanka. 

. It is. water engineering for 
which the department is prob- 
ably best , known. Its bydrati- 

bqs '■group. -has ^developed 
t computer^ models .^ predict ■ 
the movement of wsier and 
.. poliuianjs resulting from - 
.. tid e s , winds and jet ftows, and - 
. which have been deployed in 
DeepBay, HongKong, and to 

predict temperature and nitro- 
gen levels m Poole Harbour, 

V Dorset. . .. 

; - It, .is : also funded by a 
- number of water authorities to 
investigate the development 
1 ■ of ground water resources, the 
\ probfcms of flooding, drought 
: and irrigation. ^ 

’Hie woric on flooding In- 

, wamipg system, to determine 
.how much .rain -is to be 
expected at ground leveL Re- 
search is also under way on the 
causes of shrinkage,' cracking 
and acid attack on concrete 
. structures, with particular ref- 
erence to tile 'water-retaining 
. structures, and into the gener- 
al design of concrete bridges, 
where work is sponsored by 
the Transport and Road Re- 

Other sponsors .Include 
Lloyd's Register, ..which is 
interested in “plate” struc- 
tures in large tankers, and the 
Royal Aircraft Establishment, 
whose- concern is thin-walled 


Continued from page '21' 
‘schemes 5 in the country, 14, 

• the- larreslt of any aniversity, 
are wiurin the fecufty. They 
are worth an estimated one 
million; pounds' a year. 

The teaching companies are 
funded ope third each by the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry,', the Science and 
Engine ering - -'Research 
Council (SERC) and the par- 
ti npa l ing company. ■ 

Companies -and academic 
departments put . together . a 
programme of wotk* typically 
for four graduates over three 
years. They are paid' the 
equivalent of 3B industrial 
salary and work . for.-about 90 
per cent of the time within the ' 
-company, where they are 
joined, ror up to two days, a 
. week by academic staff who 
also gani. .valuable, industrial 
: experience. ' • 

Professor Brian Haley, the 

• head • of engineering jjnxfnc- 

tron, which has seven ;sadi 
schemes, said: “The intention 
■ ;is to raitetitetafelofindustri- 
'al- performance, -11810 able 
graduates for careers in indiis- 
- try and give academic staff the 
opportunity to be involved in 
industry. None of my gradu- 
ates can be any good unless 
they have detailed exposure to 
the industrial scene" 

In one of the teaching 
company schemes, the De- 
partment of Engineering Pro- 
duction . has joined with 
National Standard? Company 
of Kidderminster, the only 
.UK-based manufacturer: o! 
bead trice to. the tyre industry. 
The partnership, . worth 
£115,000, will involve the 
development, of new prbduc- 
: tion -p lanning , -control' and 
material handling systems. / 

. Plans ’ are' well advanced 
. .within the fecpfcy to strength- 
en itis Cities with theautomo- 
.lrve industry^ through 
researehjjaio ehgnte^nd^vehi- 

■steering columns and accident 
and safety statistics. Five of 
the seven departments are 
involved in a scheme to create 
a Centre for Automotive Engi- 
neering. pooling their exper- 
tise for such companies as 
Austin Rover and Ford. 

Jaguar- is also to fond a chair 
in automotive engineering — 
another successful spin-ofl 
from- industrial links with the 
car industry, which are now 
. worth- frumheds of thousands 
of pounds. : . 

- '-Researchers in mechanical 
engineering, for example, are 
fonded by Austin Rover and 
SERC to create a new system 
to automate the design and 
manufacture of foigix£ tools 
while the faculty’s renowned 
accident research unit is fend- 
ed to the tune of nearly 
£300,000 by foe ' Transport 
and Road Research Laborato- 
ry. BL Technology and Ford 
-o^aafoiqpiiy study. 

Lucas Industries are very well 
connected throughout the 
world, leading the way in the 
design and development of 
advanced technology for aero- 
space, Industrial systems and 
automotive engineering; 

We're also well-connected with: 
Birmingham University's Faculty 
of Engineering, lending our 
weight to engineering .research 
and education. 

In particular, Rists Limited, our 
company- in Newcastle-under- 
Lyme, is co-operating with the 
University in a government- 
sponsored teaching scheme. 
Birmingham University gracf^- 
gates are working on several _ 
major projects, at the com^ - i 

party which manufactures 1 

sophisticated power cables. A 

Currently they .are re- Ji 


• production techniques 

• CAD of electrical ^*^**i- -■ 

wiring assemblies / 

• computer links.with Rists' 
customers .... 

•advanced quality control 
methods forcable 

•the use of computers in 
component design analysis 

It's all part erf Rists' investment 
in skills and techniques to ensure 
that high technology and . its 
application to design, manu- 
facturing and marketing keeps 
the company well ahead well 
•. into the future 

Already .. Rists ^ proving 

B f wiring systems irv 
t. vehides using 
exed inter-connection 
s incorporating power 
fibre optic hybrids. 
And it's helping to 
sure that . top dass 
actuates are always 
ailable to meet - the 
. growing needs of 
V British industry. 



The best connection you can 


.structures in aircraft. The 
-department attracts about 
.£300,000 a year in research 
grants, largely from research 
councils' arid water 
authorities. . 

The department .has 26 
academic and 18 research 
staff. At any one time there are 
about 1 65 iUHfejgradcates tak- 
ing either three-year’ Bachelor 
tif Engineering or four-year 
Master .-of Engineering 
courses. There is a third-year 
scie nce or pnKticc op tion fo r 

lljlA^a^^wdadon and 
highway engineering, soil me- 

and surveying are all 
in the comprehensive-range of 
subjects involved. 

Tlie four-year course pro- 
vides a broad civil engineeang 
education, bonding an a hard 
core of advanced theory to 
include research and design, 
computing, economics and 
management Ailk. 

- The dep artm ent also runs 
one-year MSc courses in water 
resources technology, founda- 
tion engineering, construction 
management and a six-month 
post-experience course m war 
ter resources technology in 
developing countries, which 
.this year has 21 students. 


;vjrtrv \ 


The research team that 
helps to feed the world 

He also points to research into a 
method of recovering retained beat 
ftp in slag. The heal is normally lost 
when foe slag heaped up, or granulated 
in water, and if the eneigy could be. 
The Department of Chemical Engineer- recovered there would be a saving ire 
ing is one of Britain's largest and best energy consumption Another project is 
known.. It has a wide range of research concerned with developing a method bjr 

activities; and support from many of which coal can be fluidized and burnt as 
industry's big names, including BP, it is mined, without having to have fob 
Cotntznlds, JCI» Shell and Unilever, shale removed. The National Coal 
foe government and the United Board is showing interest in this. 
Nations Food and Agriculture The composting of agricultural wastes 
Organization. attracts worldwide interest, and in 

Its function is not to invent chemical collaboration with foe Medak Agricul* 
processes, which is the field of the- lural Centre in India, foe department 
chemist, but to develop efficient meth- has written an instruction manual on 
ods for carrying out chemical processes, composting in tropical agriculture; 
This can. apply to the composting of which has been distributed to aia 
agricultural wastes, biochemical engi- agencies and to all the agriculture 
neering, or the extraction of much teaching institutions in foe Common- 
needed metals from the complex miner- wealth. It is now being enlarged for lire 

m CaA urkioh it frtr inrmaotnP mod 

als in which they are found. 

Much ofihe-work is bound to seem 
esoteric, suchras the study of mixing 

FAO, which needs it for increasing food 

The Department of Giemical Engh 

esoteric, suchras foe study of mixing The Department of unemicai engh 
under the direction of Professor Alvin neering has itself been involved in ife; 
Nienow. Hut mixing is used in many production of a processor, known as - 

industries, if — : — Armix, in coir 

only to ensure- OllC flim is to develop ft valuable liberation ■ 
new process far using cereal straw 

pereed in a liq-. 

neering firm of 

in a uq-. 

aid. and the object is to discover the ARM Ltd. The machine has been tested 
right kind of agitator, the right speed for on pig slurry, sewage sludge and 
it, the right size and temperature, and celery/ieek wastes, which it mixes with 

how much oicUs. needed. The deparr- 
ment has received a research grant, for 

straw to provide foe proper carbon -to- 
nitrogen ratio, as well as porosity, and 

ajCiu iwa itACivtu a iwMJUi iui niuu^ii iouu, « 

instance, connected with the process then places in large heaps for compost- 

• i _ c j. <n. . ■ *ru_ ^ AAnn Laa troluoKlo OC 

engineering of seeds. The seals are ing. The process Iras proved valuable as 
. brought to germination by being kepi in a method of using cereal straw rather. 
* a solution for seven days, and during than having to burn it. and as a way of 
( that time need to have enough oxygen, reducing the smell and waste pollution 
^ The object is to estaWish the best way of - ■ . 

fining them so that they have the Finally, there is biochem 
oxygen — * and are not bruised. neering research, for which tl 

: Professor John Bridgwater, head of -Tnent has received more than 

Just testing: batch cultivation of yeast in a 450 litre fermenter 

foe department picks out the direct 
smelting process for complex sulphides, 
which was developed in the Chemical 
Engineering Department. The process 
can be applied to sulphides of lead, zinc 
and copperas well as copper and nickel 
sulphide minerals, in order to extract 
the metals. It may even be possible to 
treat tin-bearing minerals and deep-sea 
manganese nodules. 

Finally, there is biochemical engjr 
neering research, for which the depart- 
ment has received more than £700,000 
in new contracts in recent years. In foe 
area of cell growth and genetic engineer- 
ing it is conducting research into th£ 
strength of microbial cells, and methods 
of growing such micro-organisms sq 
that foe cell walls will be easier to 
disrupt It is also investigating cheapet 
ways of producing monoclonal antibod- 
ies, and methods of producing fibres of 
immobilized cells. - 

at Birmingham 

Undergraduate Degree Programmes 

The Faculty offers 3 and 4 
programmes in the following 

* Chemical Engineering 

- Chemical Engineering with 
Minerals Engineering 

.? Chemical Engineering with 
Biochemical Engineering 

* Civa Engineering 

* Computer Science and 
Etectronic Engineering 

* Electronic and Communications 

* Electronic and Computer 

* Electronic and Integrated 

?' -Circuit Engineering 

* Electronic and Electrical 
Engineering : 

year B.Eng. and M.Eng 

* Electronic and Manufacturing 

‘ Engineering Production 

* Engineering Production 
and Economics 

* Mechanical Engineering 

* Mechanical Engineering 
and Economics 

* Mechanical Engineering, 
Manufacture and Management 

* Mechanical and 
Materials Engineering 

* Metallurgy 

* Materials Science 
and Technology 

* Materials Engineering 

Postaraduate Education 

The Faculty offers taught Masters 5 courses leading to the 
degree of M. Sc. (Eng.) and degrees by research leading 
to M. Phil (Eng4-and Ph.D. Taught courses currently on 
offer include:- 

* Biochemical Engineering 

* Consfruction Management 

* Engineering Production 
and Management 

* Manufacturing Management 
and Technology 

* Flexible Manufacturing 

* Foundations Engineering 

* Highway and Traffic 

* Machine Tool Technology 

* Metallurgical Processes 
and Management 

* Operational Research 

* Process Biotechnology 

* Thermodynamics 

* Traffic Engineering 
‘ Transportation and 

Traffic Planning 

* Water Resources 

Details of the above courses and programmes can be obtained from 
Assistant Registrar (Engineering), University of Birmingham 
021-472 1301 X3216 BIRMINGHAM, P0 BOX 363, B1 5 2TT. 




How science 
gets a grip 


(( FftGUS j) 


There is a common link 
between the Hammersmith 
Flyover in London, a toll road 
in Dlinois, the Silverstone 
Grand Prix circuit and three 
military airfields in Sweden. 
All are laid with “Ddugrip”, a 
high-skid resistant surface de- 
veloped at the postgraduate 
Department of Transporta- 
tion and Highway Engineering 
in collaboration with research- 
ers from Dunlop. 

That development, involv- 
ing high-friction dense as- 
phalts, resulted from research 
into the interaction between 
tyres and road surfaces. 

The department was also 
involved in the invention of a 
new tyre polymer which im- 
proved fuel economy and 
enhanced the wet grip capabil- 
ity of tyres. The development 
of the polymer was carried out 
with researchers ■ from both 
Dunlop and Shell and won a 
Royal Society Esso Energy 
A ward. - 

■' The polymer and Delugrip 
are quoted by Dr Geoffrey 
Lees, head of the department, 
to demonstrate how its re- 
search produces positive and 
practical results. Departmen- 
tal work, however, goes far 
wider. It runs four postgradu- 
ate courses, which this year 
have attracted more than 60 
students. Nearly 70 per cent 
of them are from overseas. 

The courses are highway 
and traffic engineering, trans- 
portation and traffic planning, 

leering ; 

highway engineering for de- 
veloping countries. 

■ There are also 12 full-time 
and five part-time research 
students on PhD courses. 

Transportation students 
can be involved in the study of 
pavement design, traffic man- 
agement, transport safety, 
route selection, soils technol- 
ogy or transport economics. 

The department has its own 
highly regarded accident re- 
search unit which investigates 
traffic safety, including the 
crash-worthiness of vehicles, 
seat belts, collapsible steering 
wheels and the biomechanics 
of injuries.The unit is spon- 
sored by the Transport and 
Road Research Laboratory, 
BL and Ford to the tune of 
more than £100,000 a year. 

Research is also conducted 
within the department into air 
travel, fares, operating costs 
and the effects of currency 
fluctuations on airlines. 

Dr Lees joined the universi- 
ty in 1960 and his particular 
interest is in highway con- 
struction materials.He said: 
“Highway authorities and all 
the big consultants have had 
students here. 1 should not 
think there is a major consul- 
tant in this country who does 
not have one of our postgradu- 
ates on its senior staff. 

“The study of transporta- 
tion ranges widely from the 
route of a road, its construc- 
tion, the impact on land use, 
the problems of traffic man- 
agement in urban areas and 
the economics of various 
forms of transport.'” 

Technology on the march: Professor Brian Mellitt, left; with bank of computers, and Neil Wood, modifying a car for use by disabled people 

The University of Birming- 
ham campos is spread over 
400 acres on the south-east 
edge of Edgbaston, one of the 
most pleasant snbmbs of 
Britain^ second city and about 
two miles from the dty centre. 

Shops and banks are on 
campus, together with a large 
library and an impressive 
sports centre which has a 
swimming pool, an athletics 
track, a gymnasium and rac- 
quet courts for the times when 
it is necessary for physical 
effort to replace cerebral 

A full, happy life on the campus 

A place in mtiversity accom- 
modation is guaranteed to all 
new undergraduates who firm- 
ly accept a place by early May. 
The students' union, known at 
the university as the Gafld of 
Undergraduates, is active 
across a whole range of affairs 
ami there is a university choir 
and orchestra. 

Birmingham as a dty has 
attracted a less than 
favourable reputation over the 

years, bat those expecting to 
find dark satanic min* and 
chimneys belching grime and 
smoke are several decades too 
late. Those in the know insist 
that decent pubs are hard to 
find, bat campus drinkers say 
that a student who canned find 
a reasonable watering hole 
should not he at university. 

Night life in flie dty cadre 
b variable. One stadent said: 
“Eating places are either poor 

and cheap, or expensive, with 
few in between. Night-dobs 
are nnroenms hot are general- 
ly bad and expensive — if yon 
can gain entry as a student. 
The desire for students to 
leave the campos, however, is 
not strong, ami with so much 
going on then is little need." 

■ The dty boasts its own well- 
known symphony orchestra 
and repertory theatre, while 
for those wilting to travel, the 

Royal Shakespeare Company 
is only 20 miles away at 

Edgbaston Cricket Clnb is 
dose to the campus for those 
keen on the first-din game, 
and Birmingham City, Aston 
Villa, West Bromwich Albion, 
Walsall and Wolverhampton 
Wanderers Football Gobs 
within the conurbation offer a 
wide range of success ami 

Birmingham has W a 
rough ride daring the past 
decade. It was once known as 
the dty of a thousand trades, 
but its industries w ere hit hard 
by the recession and onem- 
pfefMeat throughout the West 
Midlands is highuHowever, H 
has a reputation for resilience 
and entrepreneurial effort 

Contributions to this article were 
made by Richard Bromley, a 
j irst-vear research student, 
'Ralph Postma. a second-year 
undergraduate, and Andie 
n’oodjie/d. a member iff Vie 
research staff ‘ 

In search of optimum performance 


Congratulations to 
Birmingham University 

on its new 
Engineering Faculty 

Esso have had long associations with Birmingham 
University through the many graduates who have 
made their careers with the company. . 

It therefore gives us particular pleasure to welcome 
the inauguration of this new Faculty, and we look for- 
ward to new generations of Engineering Graduates from 
Bi rmingham knocking at our door in the years ahead. 


Quality at work 



The Department of Engineer- 
ing Production is concerned, 
not with inventing new prod- 
ucts, but with making the 
systems by which things are 
produced more efficient 
It is a wide-ranging brief; 
and means that the depart- 
ment is a very versatile one 
which interests itself in any- 
thing from the best way to 
produce a newspaper of a beer 
| to . the optimum fay-out of a 
factory, bank or airport. 

I •’ Its work on work designand 
/eraonemfas includes a study 
: of the physical work capadty 
of pregnant women, including 
| documentation- of their di- 
mensions with a view to 1 
designing a workplace which 
will be best suited to them; 
and research into the safe 
limits for weights which have 
to be lilted by someone who is 

The head of the department 
is Professor Brian Haley, who 
! appears used to having to 
1 explain its operations to the 
uninitiated. He lays particular 
emphasis on the “teaching 
companies" in which the de- 
partment is involved, bringing 
together people from industry 
and the university, and on an 
agreement with General Elec- 
tric. the large American corpo- 
ration, to set up an 

Centre on the Birmingham 

The centre possesses a robot 
and other pieces of advanced 
automation equipment pro- 
vided by General Electric. Its 
aim is to-develop new meth- 
ods of control of automatic 
processes, by sharing the ex- 
pertise that the department 
and General Electric both 
have. One specific objective is 
to try out the possible different 
lay-outs of say, a factory or an 
airport in order to provide for 
a smooth flow of activity 
without bottlenecks. 

Teaching companies are op- 
erated by other departinentsat 

Industry and the Science and 
Engineering Research 

The main teaching compa- 
nies which the Department of 
Engineering Production has 
set up are with Fordhams, 
which make bathrooms and 
kitchens: Marathon- Alcad for 
the development of nickel 
cadmium storage batteries; 
R1STS for improving infor- 
mation and production plan- 
ning; Universal Grinding 
Wheels for the improvement 
of production control schedul- 
ing; National Standards, the 
wire manufacturers; Inco for 
market evaluation, produc- 

It is a wide-ranging brief that concentrates 
on making production systems more efficient 

Binningham, but the Depart- 
ment of Engineering Produc- 
tion hasagrea ter involvement 
in them than any of the others. 
Each scheme consists of a 
small group o£ say, four young 
qualified people who tackle a 
particular task under the su- 
pervision of more experienced 
people from industry and the 

There are three mam objec- 
tives: accelerated training and 
experience for young people; 
introduction of the industrial 
partner to the university's 
skills; and involving universi- 
ty staff more closely in the 
world of industry. One-third 
of the finance comes from the 
industry, two-thirds from the 
Department of Trade and 

lion and quality assurance; 
and Jeavons for the building 
ofa new miniature gas meter. 

One of the projects which 
has attracted most attention to 
the department Is the modifi- 
cation of cars for the use of 
disabled drivers. A collabora- 
tive effort between the 
department’s Low Cost Auto- 
mation Unit and Motabiiity, a 
unit set up by the Department 
of Health and Social Security, 
it began with an Austin Metro, 
and the intention is to move 
on to a Ford Fiesta. 

The basic objective is to 
develop an electronic control 
system, easily fitted on to a 
standard car, by which a 
disabled person can operate 
the brakes and accelerator, fn 

the prototype this was done by 
joystick mounted on the steer- 
ing column, but other input 
devices are possible. . . 1 
Another area which has 
been investigated by the 
department's ergonomics 
group is the injuries which can 
be caused by constant repeti- 
tion of the same muscular 
movement - a hazard for, for 
instance, chicken pi tickers. 
The condition is called teno- 
synovitis, and the group, j 
working in collaboration with * 
other departments of the uni- 
versity, has been awarded a 
contract from the Health and 
Safety Executive to in vestigate 
cause, prevention and 

, This same group is well 
known for its work on back 
injuries in industry, and the 
recommendations it has made 
for avoiding them. 

Among the te aching company 
schemes in operation within 
the faculty are: Conrtanldsplc 
£69,000; Delta Draw Metals 
(Ewarts Ltd) £141,900; 
Fordham Plastics £245,000; 
Hydrovane Compressors 
£1 35^00; laco Alloy Products 
£176,000; Jaguar Cars and 
Land-Rover £248,000; Life 
Science Laboratories 
£222^05; Marathon Akad 
£210,000; National Standard 
Company £115,767; Rists Ltd 
£267,000; Universal Grinding 
Wheels £180,000; Jeavons 

in metallurgical partnership 
with the 

Faculty of Engineering 
University of Birmingham 

A mrmbfrji/ifw Exxon Group 

The Douglas Group wish the 
Birmingham University 
faculty of Engineering every 
success in the future. 


^ Galliford Pipeline Services 


Gattford PipeHne Services is continuously developing . new 
machinery for cleaning and lining' water mains. Our Excelsior 
Range of cement mortar fining equipment is currently working 
for several Clients in the Midlands. 

Contact us for further details: 

Galliford Pipeline Services 
Woh/ey. Hrnddey, Leicestershire 
Tel: 0455 220333 

are proud to supply 
their most recent 
Electron Microscope 
to the 

Faculty of Engineering 
of the 

University of Birmingham 

01-205 6376 


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The Mitsubishi Lancei: 
Most people caU them extras. 
We call them standards. 


Motoring by Gifford Webb 

Fiat aims at up-market success 




Make Model 


















1500 GLX 

Retail Phce 







lanuliutetl wtotfaowgt 






Hated glass 








Eledric front anmns 




















Centca] door lodcfng 








Intcxlor boot rdasc 






fjt-TIWfj 1 1! 

Spfliifofciing icif im 






. Nor 








flnicjge wanitify 

12 rnonths 12 months 
unhnuud unlmuied 

12 months 12 months 
unlimited unlimited 

3- war/ 








HffiUEBIfRGE pm*.* 

m to iqkM by Itay M)> 

tarn £5830 anttemad 
fesetisno euttemd 
tram CnSO'an tha reed 
tram £5900 an tfra read 
IWW P33 Q tmtaiowf 
tan CTIH on ti* toad 
tram £7818 onthaiMd 
from £6540 autoload 

The new Hat Croma execu- 
tive car is just reaching British 
showrooms prior to going on 
sale early, next month. Its 
importance to the big Italian 
group's already improving for- 
tunes here goes for beyond its 
actual sales potential. Fiat's 
British image has always suf- 
fered from its inability to 

g reduce attractive transport 
ir the status conscious busi- 
ness and professional classes. 

Croma is the first big Fiat 
with front wheel drive: It is 
claimed to be the lightest 2 
litre executive car in Europe 
with outstanding low drag.. 
The combination makes it a 
surprising frugal petrol user 
for such a sharp performer. 

It is being imported in five 
variations of engine tune and 
trim »ong the familiar and 
much admired I995cc. double 
“knocker”, four cylinder unit 
All are competitively priced 
starting with the economical 
2000 CHT (Controlled High 
Turbulence) at £8,850 ami 

MfCar. Am/ Time. Aty Where! 



misleading so final judgement 
must await a fuller test of a 
mass produced example. 
However I have already seen 
sufficient to report that Croma 
has the potential to repeat 
Fiat's huge success with the 
much smaller UNO 
Supermini but when it ap- 
pears here in numbers it must 
be faultless from Day One. • 

Super BMW 

Turbo charging is here to 
stay. For a modest. additional 
cost it converts a run of the 
mill car into a rip-roaring 
flyer. But I have yet to drive.a 
turbo which gives the same 
instant response as the new 
BMW Alpina C2- Even mod- 
est use of the accelerator slams 
you back in tbe seax with the 
adrenalin flowing in a way I 
have not experienced since the 
days of the huge 7 litre 
American V8 “Specials’*. 

Yet from the outside the C2 
gives little indication of its 
incredible performance. True 

Fiat Croma: Sharp performer with frugal cxwroprtraa 
incredibly quick and little power is adequate but only at 

tints & RS bodywrt 

Ring 0905 352 123 nourf 

y more bargains available including 
i.5% APR) on Sierras up to May 31st 

,f?r. . t * lc the steward 3-series body - 
I30mph 2000 Tmi>o I£ (mj«> ^ smallest m the BMW 
non) and ABS ann-Iock ra^ . sports a cowcatcher 

. - .. front airdam, side skirts, rear 

My choice after sampling -.n- ^ p^n: py t™. 

more than a road going racing 
machine: . 

- -It is- useless haying afi that: 
power on tap however if you 
cannot put it on the road 
surface. The latest 3-series is 
itself a considerable improve: 
ment on its twitchy predcccs- 

the expense of your nervous 
system. - "T . 

car. although Aipma is factory 
approved, offraaf eonsamp- 
tiori figures are not re quired. 
However by sticking to the 


26/30 Bate Road. Worcester WB S 3EN 
Teteonone (0906) 352)23 Tetex 338580 
a BSC JMtmalieaal Company 

I My choice aner sampung spoQer and fat Pirelli P7 tyres. £^£19,213 . ' 

eariy pre-produenon models But so do lots of moderate E“gn*e 2693cc, six cylinder ~ 
amving here would be the performers these days. Ferioanance 0_- 60mph 6.7 

2000 IE Super with ABS at 0 f course is the seconds, raaxxmam speed 

£IU290. It has a claimed top key one of to ^t 14£npb^ 
speed approaching 120mpb rat j a The standard BMW 15 Official Consumption: not rer 
and win reach 62mi* from a six cylinder engine as fitted to Odined but test average was 

Vital Statistics 

Model: BMW Alpina C2 ~ 
Price: £19,213 

Engine: 2693cc, six cylinder ' 
Performance: 0 - 60mph 6.7 
seconds, maximum speed 

the 325. instead of tbe dose 
ratio ZF used m die previous 
C2; Sytncr has made the 
newcomer maramaSy more 
econo mical without sacrific- 
ing acce le ration. I returned 
24mpg overaB. ;Tbe gear 

rhsnjy * }$ akn mrf 

smoother in o p e ration . 



standstill in under ten 

The quality and finish were 
good but Bat will have to 
maintain and even improve 
the standards in volume pro- 
duction if they are to win 
hearts and minds in this 
fiercely fought sector. 

The car itself will delight 
enthusiastic drivers. It feds 
strong and can be thrown 
about with surprising ease 
considering it is only a few 
inches under 15 feet long. 

Initial impressions, particu- 







BMU afl 3 sms some 5, 6 ml 

RENAULT 5 GT Turbo. 

NIST* ROVER most models. 
these! at 

VOUfO MO. 240. 36a 340 most 

PORSCHE To Order. 

Take the 







TEL: U 208 2099 

an your new car 
vou lake (he profit, 
we do the work 




01-243 0638/8 


forty those involving pre-pro- 
duction models, are often 

333-340 OAHUM ROMS 

lof-rao 5isi 

Tel: 0895 39990171831/' 




the bigger Scenes is no riouch 
and would turn any 3-series 
into quite a goer. But when it 
has been “blue printed” and 
modified by such renowned 
BMW tuners as ' Burkhard 
Bouensiepen's Alpina team, it 
is something else. 

Major modifications in- 
clude a new tubular exhaust 
manifold, lightened Mahle 
pistons and a different alloy 
cylinder head using larger 
valves. The result is an engine 
which puts out JlObhp at 
5800rpms compared with the 
standards unit's 171bfap. The 
result is a car which is 


Length: 14.2 feet 
Insurance: Group 9 

Mazda estate 

WUm 748 GIT 1385(B). FUstad 
mtetfwood. 1 omor. 24.000 (Dies 


mssm sura nan ism m. 

fygwl « tigW BTua mefalte 
2WJ00 mies. Supob anomie 

. ojas 

‘ 073361481 




VaJapbana for Frfoaa 
0462 678191 


So^rcniahka cfaaopailwuyirt 

^wwtm^cWlinM iwI 

Fora aMMMw quMnd 

tisrmy ck*> CO* at on 


Urantod audit taraban 
No* personal imports 



U, 01-935 1124 33- 

ui mamiKUD 






■UH rovh vows En 

Open Today to 
Hiunstramns. test dnm & 


291 WWeaden Lane NW2 
Nationwide del 01-459 0005 
Our Sunday Tanas 10-2 


The beg 4 WD cxdimvefv 
prepared with special 
snipes, all the earns and 
(he best sound system 
youH Her hear. 
Only £14,500 

For Details: 0998 248M 

Black. A Reo- Eanflenl 
(ondiMn Low mdcage. 
sum nc 



1986 C. Reg. Manual Cas- 
pian Blue wnh Crey mm. A 

01-236 6280 

oma nr. 

1986 B Reg. Down* Blue. 
Only 10.000 mb .£UM(. 
csomtut Mormts 

T EL»_ WTO ) SUtt AHn. - 
(0507) W4S7S Mu. 


i W85 C rap. MtUbcJimoBwWi 
Mack. Intenor. MjOOO macs. 1 
owner, as new. Soar stem & 
Suiroof 0-60 m 8 seconds. 125 
inph. 35 rang, kranacutes 
anutoa. (ConsUff p/ex 

■HST SHI - tsjm m \ 

TeL 0594 563098 anytaK 1 

sor bat even the factory 
modified 325i would be hard 
pressed to handle the AJpina's 

The suspension is modified 
with, stifier coil springs, 
Bilstein gas filled dampers and 
roll bars. The result is a car 
which turns into a corner with 
such ease that the driver runs 
out of courage before the 
chassis runs out of grip. Thank 
heavens foe C2 1 drove recent- 
ly had power steering. 

As you would expect the 
ride quality has been sacri- 
ficed for handling and road 
holding. Driven solo it is quite 
choppy. With my wife and 
luggage for a weekend it was 
much improved. 

The C2 is assembled in 
Britain by Frank Sytner’s 
company at Nottingham start- 
rng with a new 325i and 
swapping the engine for the 
Alpina unit shipped from 

When like Mazda you are 
restricted to only one per ceox 
of the British car market you 
have to be very choosy winch 
models to impost. Wherever 

f<* m * ' } ’ »• f - 1 ’ ■. ..V > 

(• !*' „ % 4 . J . !j ■/ . j Hy. J ,’: }" [' . -u ,M ■" # ■% ‘ i . . „■ 

k :, i" • ■ s--' - 

The one weakness in this 
otherwise gem of a car is the 
brakes. They do not provide 
foe early bite needed to retard 
such a flyer and are surprising-. 

riottsly equipped versions 
which offer trigger profit mar- 
gins. For this reason tfie-L5 
litre GLX veisiou of the new 
Mazda 325, five -door estrae 
now reaching British show- 
rooms will be the only verson 

But at £6,999 it rqnes eats 
good value for money. It is, for 
instance, some £370 c heap er 
than the market leader, die 
Ford Escort 1.6^ five-door 
estate and is more com p reh en - 
avdy equipped. Bttmgs ie- 
chtde a set of toofo-m their 
own compartment, central 
locking with ebctiiciear hatch 
lock, front and rear sear belts, 
stereo radioeassette player, a : 
blind which puffs oot from foe 
rear seats to hide foe contents 
of the cargo area and folding 
rear -seats with headrests 

The change to front-wheel 
drive permits a completely flat 
floor only two feet from foe 
ground - a real boon for easy 
loading. I hope- to pnbiish a 
more detailed road test in the 

BMW Alpina C* Flyer wWicrt benefit of turbo iy spon£ 



I Chow of cotoora. DWeo fnn 1 1 CR*®. Jan speed. 

MOB ®T W r *9 23.000 mfles 
mntfnif Mm twin caartir. 
F S.H. Immaciiuu* A Hiw rxam- 
pte S^KZOO Trt OBJ 705 BBSS 

Romeo QraSetta IJ. AD dec. 
U- rantL auoirs. MuM sen. Tehs 
ptim 073629 4106. 

manufact u rers. Ftm £2.450 
SMC 01 0X72 666555 

Day. 562222 Eve/wnmd. 

Mack. Tax 31 12^ 86. 3.000 
mBe* I &OOO ono. Rewon: 
TgaitirN overseas Tel: oi 
668 6666 IWJ Ol 635 0062 dl) 

ma-VO 740 U Auto bmaco- 
Ute Showroom condtoon ones 
nMSaUc. CuaranHwd only 2740 
wum. Reo. end aih-js as. Fac- 
tory lull aircmLilU'Cmae 
Boor trays etc. £9250 .Tel 
M£6Z> 69647 (Office) (04629 
674846 (Home; , 


VOLVO 340 DC 1984. Red Ono W*™ 3500 Were*. 6.000 I FCUSEOT SOS Manual left hand 

£24.000. Ring Ol 373 7009 for 

miles, air rood. £9J2*»5. Tel 


eH moaeti Cyprus Green. an(y 
3.000 miles. Full service fu&to- 

wm mvn liu Four 


£9.996. Alan Kidd. DKfeaons of 
Pfrth Tel: (07381 2821 K 

rv (Mnew£2i.ooaournnce| *°TOB CO OT- 

£>8.495. Alan Kidd. OrcKscms] JJ* Owrce i of 10 late Range 

«ppri tax flee sales speoattsL 
D 3 A mam dealer. 061 224 

.495 Alan Kidd. DiCKsont of jo late Range 

of perm Tel: ■ 07381 2821 1. 

WMmio. Nr Guildford. Mon-Sal 

— 9-7pm. Sun lO-ipm 

’• ™JS? C m>y - Manual. Roof rack. Tow tar. 

w red- bored Pme awa y Stereo. 10.000 roues, blur met/ 

J®, __ Trc Bndgenortli mark leather, immaculate. 

1621 5278 ni £14.995. Tel 0252 860633. 

at green wtm etectnc 6 Ulenor 
pack. Arnutronq Massey. 0696 
72365. Eves 0904 27073. 

new-, oebvrry outrage only. 
Targa red. taxed Dme away 
£3.896 Tet Bndgenortli 
■074621 5278 (!• 


Vogue Blue. Beige LOW Mlg. 83 
Must Sell tience £9.750 Call 
NOW 0836-510694. 

88*7 IS Sunday / Eves. T 
2000CC fud tmecuon ssooom 
uuraac 1 owner taxed July 
BmUrs MOT Volvo mamtalneiL 
£3.000. Tel- 0516256210. 
RANGE ROVERS 4 door. 1984. 
cMHce of 2 . bow wtin extras, 
from £ 1 1 .COO. <074621 4343. T 
Aok> casnan Mue. under war- 1 
ranty- £13^500. 01-681 3656- 
XR N Escort 83. Silver. Low 
mfleagr Immaculate condition. , 
£4-200. Tel: 01-360 2706. 

drive gold, sun roof, low mOe- 
age- exreoam condition looks 
new. £3.750. Tel 01-281 2815 

994 LUX 1984 


Black with black pinstripe In- 
terior. ESH. eksctnc amraoC 
from & rear spoilers with 
fOBi Euclleu coodnioii. 


0527 68282 Anytime 

I W regtetosd 2ia Aagost 1958. 
FaraM m CMme Mua will tos 
tether uoNHstBy & SO soofce 
wrc Rheeb, 4 speed Ewbrs- 
son -f oKRkm. ongm 3 4 Hn 
engm A rattle for immkxe 
rapon. GsmStzti as mage. 
£16J50 mcteiifl Hx. 

VERT BASK Flat Vlgnale <2o- 
1 me. 1970. always o r ap nL 
»0C- MOT- £3.780 Tel: HtlcMn 
(0462) 32935 uaxl or 67862 




4* OR Ml wsmw p rtvmtly. 
FOB soeaftcanon. B ragMeted. 
To £15.000. 0622 812 4S9 Ofl 


Jaguar. Volvo. Range Row. 
Low mileage for cadi. We an- 
ted. Denton Motors Ottey 
(0943) 4669H (open 7 days) 
Andy Acnuies now 01-346- 
9983 or 01-3464618 (0 

*w MIX 1984. WIKK. with Mar- 
Urn wipes. taOOO miles. ESH. 
Expensive stereo. FuU History. 
immac ulate. £10460. TeL 0400 
72909 <1 mcoira mru 

Contact Mm Pmtmt on 
348 B0B1 or 349 1221 
Hw rewm&BY 

Qntfrp Centre 

nado, sin roof m.K 0 . 

TORNADO Son rost. tm. Mr 
El 4,980. 

Late tow mlnac nodA 
baagbt tor cash. j 



OUT SALMON rmutee your Jag- 
uar Qumur umoer 20000 
mflas)- Xli llH lIlw dKMan. 
• bankers (trail. natMuwMe cut 
lecnoB. TeL- Mark LewtsOX We 
4022 Smxtar 0836-202966. 

0203 56325 T. 

UOt 4 a Wanted. ITrvaw buyer. 
0204 73788 





944 LUX COUPE. 1 9.000 miles. 
86 B model. Allay wheels. Ma- 
hogany metallic. Rnmamlaia. 
£ 16 -850. Detank Coventry 
(0203) 466928 



Ww t roi are. romoWe am 
SSSJmD sdM test 3 jre. Over 


EMLDQO sm on ngm Mfw M 
2 ns nc cnwi ii M enm intend 
refli. me ttod* by oftoti Aslan 

BMta Oealte ol tbo Yeat 
no rai 2 dm. mk tfw/bte w 

- - wm i 

a* «■ 2 *» mw/ta* te I 

■«* H" too St Sbpptav fate 

m 52694 

SL Ganh Steel 


1982 Fnsbed n meUK ten ml 

ftwte wMmry vw awn . 


NUomlCandter*, ^ 

rawra S 

1988 (C) BMW M 53S. 
ApHne White with Peart 
Bfltga leather trim. 5 
Speed overdrive raertxxx. 
TkX wheals and tjros. 
&een tinted glass. Beo- 
tric glass sunroof. Rev 
head rests. Bteupunkt 
radio cassette. 5,000 
mdes. C20JB95 

1988 fd BMW 7281 SE 
AUTO. Cosmos Sloe. Sue 
doth interior. Pioneer 
stereo. One owner. Com- 
pletely as new. 3,000 
mRBS. £17,500 

1886 (O BMW 82» SE. 
Cinnabar Red. Black Trim. 
Pioneer stereo. One 
owner, as new. Choice of 
two. H 6,995 

1964 (A) BMW 323i AUTO. 
4 Door. Burgundy Metatoc. 
Peart Beige trim. One 
owner. FSH. 254)00 
mites. £9^495 

635 CSi 1986 C | 

Potens. ails, teoys. sowoot. 1 
radw/aarao. Uack toather Racanx 
only 3.000 mtes. Gamine reason 
Jw sale. E Z5 J85. Tanns/jHrt »- 
dam* wEfcome. 

Cubleys of 
Ainsriafe -■* 

8 an8Q»(t (B784) 74114 
(Sunday in Stonday 11-5 pm) 


Itatm Senw tarn V*t SJOO 
n* tea tow earapit m 

911 TURBO 

1983 A. Drat raeaUk green 

•44 auto, 85. A ray. aft - /com 
25.000 mUm. black /brown to 

with be«c leuber interior. I 
owner. Exiias iochxtc, loo of 

to Ware rad iwafc Tran dec nto- 
rroSraj Mch.S ZIStyras. 32JOOO 
senoce tenoryxia^s# 

owner. Exiias iochxtc, lop of 
the range Pioneer Hi-Fi, car 
telephone. ESR. dec win- 
dows A A/C 11.000 miles. 
Immaculate condition 

25.000 mUm. black /brown to 
tenor. £13.960 ono. Tel: 0507 
84761 w/e or 01-769 4224. 

W: 01-486 8738 teys'ar 
328 1B22 ms/«'nb 

Phone Pater Lock or 
Stm Cass NOW! 


* Salf-eniploywf end 
business users we take 

►44 tbrtw new imngbtnM. (ax 
live. £23-000 Ol 993 6708. 

any. vehicle in any 
condition es-e dapad 

Good GontfUkm. MOT. £5500 I 
ono. 0264 65070 eva/when d I 

condition ns ■ deposit. 
Free defivery anywhere 
in the UK. 

Daytime 8895 83210 
ETe/WkeadK 01-984 1113 

628CS1 AUTO 


UTOT SPEC induing ABS. aa 
cond, graan noted Imm bis glass. 
BMW Sody-stytoig lot 1 wner. 


(8703) 228001 or 335382 
(DnctHm) | 
Or (04215) 4988 


B2S. S Man B3 CA) mHallie ptaU- 
num, 33.000 mUcs. 1 owner, 

tSA., . fiffl iwflher. out- JJ'.SJ' - wa> ^- ^qr^ ^r.uoo ui mc. cond. 2 owners. MOT. 

• 5K£"S £2, - 9bo fl«»B4 UN Wins. Low mlg com- 

20*9 (Warwick). OSK W0034 ja** wtm petrol eouoom . 

home cr Ol 248 0204 office. C6JSOO osw. Trt: 0737 833246 

PORSCHE 944 A 1*9. ITMO (H) or Ol 870 0900 (OL 
_ . mileo. met Mock. S roof. POM. m t_ yi, tV7S. atnmaOc 
9 coin cass. 21SV FSM. knmacu- 

9 S3 ■ W*<*>nd. £13000. 03668 345. ISftVaSSliqoa INM Kto 

m EORSCW 944 auto. oBxvr. l toST ££ 

^ 0734 722 ® 34 - owmr. FSM. £9.960 aaa. Tel dHton. £17.00Oona rg tOi 2Q 3 

Day 0462 25128. Evantngo S775/GG28 or ( 0060 ) 535583 

OIOS 884189. T MffIM HEALEY 3000 Me 1. 

1989. Ivory wiitte. red UMrtor. 
39.000 mUcs. superft cwuUCHm 
tnraugtiouL fuu yrs mot. 
E&2S0 TeLOl-815 0185 
BMW an 32.000 km. DM. he- 
' lory ' Po cin n en MO * Srrvtoa 
Hintory. Offer* Invited Anthony 

Wolfe Mourn. 01-845- 

Condiuan. £! T*t osbo tU TARQA 3 ntre. OdflOn 4006/7363 

714361 office bn wWto 86.000 •*&+*- PyW Pf 7*7 X RBG. OuaranWcd 16.000 

ewg»»FfH. £15000. Tel: miles. One owner from new. 

(0632) *68817. CarrtuHy mamialncd- Sworn. 

944 Lmx 1985 C Reg. 6.000 911 CARRERA Sports. Sear 84. CoOectnrs car. mot Blue me- 

mum. metauc Wvrr. sun roof. Bed- 38.000 nw Extras. Edtic. £4700. 01-467 2756. 

sports mats, fog lights . C21-SOO. Teh 0571 820268. xx £40 Bear HEAD, in 1985. 

6 ® 8171 - SB* S2 IS C, auto guards rad/ white wlfti rad upnoBny. orSgf- 
Itey. 0B03 eC3686J£vto Wade. 7.000 mis. £30-99& Px mi car. milage under 12000 

944 LUX 84 Mod A Reg. C Rad. Ol 909 0873 or Ol 604 9048.T most be aaen to be appreciated. 

ESH PDM 215/ 60<a Fogs S» SZC9 AUTO RmL-Checfc veL 83. £21 AlOO. 0205 383339 T 

«£*_J 5 tegyygog £22.7*0. DmnM 5 On 021 449 MIW SOW TURBO, 197*. Stan- 

611 5. 06643 3100 W/e»ds nuw example of (Ms rare car. 

6S4B9 eves^ifvnto •«« T URBO Red /Black Uftr. white. Ma nta i aMpea. LjTdtefle. 

FOROK 924 A M. Lux. Matte- £26.760 Dunnen A Co 021449 V.fpaL £6.700 01 878 .5938.T 
He silver, /uao. CxhH. 20000 61 IS. 06645 5100 W/ands 

miles. Private rale. FSH. 

£3.500. TeL 061 928 

aspOteraK mi sc taroa COLLECTORS CARS 

TKIR Sep 1986 C Reg. 6-300 
miles, red with camera snipes. 
LSD. as new condition, must be 
sold. £29.750 ONO. Tel 0829 
52*88. tChesMre). 

1974 ALFA ROM E O Montreal 
BHD. Red wttb mafctdag Mm. . 
Very good bodily A mechanical- . 
ty. MOT. £6.600. Tec 0244 ; 
48110 offlee. 0244 379823 | 
home. Cores Slacks gge- i 

T here is oo-onc oHexing rootorrsts in N.W. Londoa 
Better quality saks and service than us. 

; For all your Jaguar a n dXIamiiler needs, we’re fast 
foremos*.besL * 

Cwriact us. very sooa 
Saks: 01-440 8252 Sundays: 01-441 2131 
3fl*-204High Sam, Barnet, Heete 

924 LUX C mg . as. Guards red. 
ewcMcauteBOi. Ptoneer ate mu . 
Extras lota) £3.000 Immacu- 
late condition. £14.960. 01-302 
1142 ( Office 1. 01309 0909 

.911 CARRERA SMUTS. Tuitm 
body. C Reg April 86. Perarai 
blue. 1.000 miles. £54.960. 
TrtrttoOfM- 0734 722 834. 

*FfS."L£? CV8 JKWm. Beautiful example 

"S’ «“»*■ * w"": MOT. 

uwuul ArN serviced. lokf aid o vm. Law into r um- 
£6-250 ono. 0932 240034 wtm vmtlt caml 

homem- MM 0204 rtflee. ^Soo otx, TrtVj737*S££ 
PtMSCHt 944 A reg. 27.000 Oh or Ol 870 0930 (Ol 
mue*. met Mack. S roof. pom. K tm V12 1975. gwomooc 
roraSZw. 22.000 itdtesanly. rad 
■ we cond. £15.000. 03668 345. onm g oean hood, bam ten. 

owner. FSM. C9.9S0 ooo. Tel 
nay 0462 25128. Evantnns 
0455 884189. T 


( Lira rnanuaa. Mg Jmy 86. 
6.000 rate, guards rad / black 
pftwtrfpe. p dm. c.cti. PerfecL 
£ 16.100 TeU02818) 27S1 

1988 (C) BMW 525e- Po- 
laris saver. Pacfflc Blua 

4 door auto. 1985. steal gray 
matane, 13.000 mBes. PAS. 
atop, else roof, etee win- 
dows. central kxkmg. FSH, 
1 owner. tomecuiate 

MEW 73SASC. 32SI Sports snec 
4 BP*-UB (HP poces. Low gager 
rounter readings guarameed. 
LaW of our BMW lOBj Stock. 
Phone Bade 0763 BBS 321 

■GBrior. Menial sunroof. 
S wftehaMe gearbox. 

Btaupunkt (Mbowne ra- 
dio cassette. 3 XXX) 

miles. E13£96 


0749 72626. T 

PORSOC 911 SC Sport 1981 
Silver. Martini Mrlpes. 735 DO. 
JJ/ro*. Recent service. 
73,000 mi let Excefleni rand), 
lion. Private sale. USMOl TtL 
0204 883499 

MLG or CHBWnCK offer- 1986 
3261 ZuinoMr. spoils pack. 
MSB. PAS. 3500 mdea. 
£13.995. 01995 1683. 

rTMUrt- or 2 low mdaw M636 
emmet also 2 MS3S Saloons. 
Phone for details. 01-995 1683. I 
dme supplied 1 01-996 1685. 

3231 AUTOMATIC, new stwsw. 
34.500 genuine miles, air 
rand.mld -85. Met 

Champagne rage. elec 

windowvsuoraor and m ir ror s. 
p.AJfloy wheels, remote con- 
trol rafly alarm. £7.960 M 3S2 
2480 or 44i 7267 wk.-end 

e*WSSM. B Reg 198S. ABS 
Auwmauc. Biaupunkc Sun 
™of Compuier. polarn. Blue 
Inlertor. M.OOO mla. FSH tm- 

£8300. 0263 740022 

•11 SC 9H Coupe. April BSuSMIe 
- Mue met I owner. Burner doth 
sport SMB. PDM. Fog lights, 
new MOT and rear tyres with 
full service record by Porsche 
own and m good condition. 
Company buyer required 
£16-500. 022122 2319 evos. 

rtf. C Hff. £500 miles. 4-door, 
rtranom Mue melteUc. slKtuig 
roof. c ■ locking. e/ w. 
Blaupunkt c-c. Sate due to 
move to USA. XBMOO. TeL 
•07821 602104 *"■ 

*3* CSI AUTO New 28 -11. 85. I 
OMmond Mack, aim men. aula 
spued. Racaro mkl teaUier 
sears. rteerne unroof, on board 
computer, air conditioning. Pto- 
neo- Stereo. 6.900 rmteg. Sale 
due id reorgamsauon £24.750 
o.n.o, rrt.'Oi 70 s 2700 

fteW BMW’s Immediate drtlvery 

WM^^mroof. j^di^ ro yflte . and ■» lo £1.400 savings aim. i 

F jt£4lmm»2122 0 c-kvS; * nv BMW 10 ° ra * r ,or ° B*9. 
7^imiS6ff^VBnvinf‘I» • m,la, r savings. Phone 

TWrtHXM 568 5309 IWKJI 637 SUP cars 0706 64695 tor bro- 

ctuira and prtre IM. 


owner . 24.000 mHesodly. Mom ffS? 

green nHuu. nrown Be/bw ulM4. fuu service nbuiy. 
Iran, Etectnc window A door £18.750. Trt 

mtrron. Sun Roof, low L/P «rao». 

tyre*. Stereo. £13.000 Ono. 

Trt! 03628 60591 

Quants rad. Champagne Mde 
Ini error, susnroof. sport uoU- 
ers. 30.000 miles, nm htnoiv. 
honiarulate. £iB.9fia Trt Ol- 
262 7385. T 

944 LUX S Speed. 83. White/ 


, 07373 60HI > 




911 SC SPORTS COUPE. 1981 
W. ke Mue «* nivi rah Onod 

Con'll ikm. £iXooa tS 0580 ®« TAROA 3 Hire. Outran 

714361 office brs 

AWN C O U PE GT, 1984. Sftver 
Gray / Black and Red InL-Orm- 
b AQw Mf. Oooo Tyres. Only 
19.000 mdea. standard extras. 
V.9.C.. £7.200 O.D.O. contact 
■MW TefcOI -622 9336 any- 
time ants- 1200 Im Friday 

GOLF CT1CRES. -86 SP4C. Black. 
0J60O mb. -System «- earphone l 
Unb. aUoya. suntaof. Renrate i 
alarm. Ptrau P6"s. Pioneer mn. 
£8.400 Trt; 01-736 9869 

(Home). 01-380 0092 rworw. I 

qUATTRO 84 £9210 SDwer. tm- 
macmm e. 30JOOO M. USD. 
OkPtaal Dash. IB Month Guar- 
antee. Must Sail 01-730-9047 

3 \LamX c JH' R£ buy,ngm ore 



yfiOT/green cMi, one owner. FSH. 44 S 0 '' 

iinica — pgg'acfl 

S£ w J * par ^ Sqp awra/Jowiii L eaao- 

1SS S SovereJgB 42 . Sitvef/bJadTfinm 

Auto Sunroof. PAS.. EMc win- 
dows. Recvnt but. Good 

common. Former tided owner, 
£2.496. Trt; Ol 206 8140. 

32M 1 904. a Dr. 4 Spd Auto 
S/Rnof. Met. £1000 Extras. 
SSMOna £7.950 0482-840949 

5S8L MCnm IBM. Mefar- 
be body wort, sun roof a om 
aulo. FSH Private Sate. £8.000 
orw. Tel: 01-476 0114 eves 

«W CJWBCUT MSL Drt mte. 
POlarwslKer. PAS. e/w4ndcn.-s- 
grn lints, alloys, ertoctang. 
POA. Trt: 10262) 647731. 

Sunroof. Stereo. Alloy wheels. 
Elec windows. Super cond. 
16.000 mh 1 owner £13.950. - 
0883 844120 or 0843 821107 
-1988 924 LUX Fixed head 
Coupe. Finished In red w«h 
beige upholstery, elec- win- 
dows. 6 God. 14.000 genuine 
nits £12^00. fVocklonon- 
Tees (0642) 6711340*1 

CWVDmBU Corps over 20 

c *™i n «« »r 

SJ*. ..P°B2 872182. Open i 

Sun/Mon. (Authorised VW 

LfCSMOMalRniQILffdoerBl- , M _| - t , r - 

mow* WB. 3 owners, only "K™?. ■*». 

WMOmlto. 11 noMtenw. 5 hard/ jgfl_ te pfc _bea rttfnt n 
months lax. 3493LV. body J* * «Q28B> 680527 

work, frtrty good. Interior ROB MORGAN 4/A. red. w/w 
«o rttera. new OuUto. £64600 ■ rtjjh 1 “oy body. £12^30. Tec 

ono. TeL |06I> 9243070. Q2«* 89514 

°B*-F to MI GTI framed drt. 
over 20 a A a door models In 
Stock, many won extras. 0582 i 
BJSlBa. ■ Open Bun/MorT 
(Auflwteed VW dealer) 

Bra 86* Spec 
4800ma. a door, stems. FSH 
£7.600 ono eves 0279 826431 
AUDI modete. Ine 
gn. M dtecou m. rapid deMvorv. 
Pho entx 025 126 4676 
JEW VW A a u nt MPWIe for 
tnuonSiatr d eftvery al dt scoenu 
_Prtee» tram ICC. 01-202 8596. 
C9IU F17TJ Ring Us Last For 
Prirra On The 

AUdl/Vofia Wagon Range. aj 

s ®« r »Wi 32. SSvasaid/budKtei. 

— — fi<(»> 


^ rang© of demonstration 

72M 1983 A reg 62.000 mites. 1 
owner patera stiver. s/B excel 
cond £6.300. 021 329 3*11 

7361 SE 1985 19.000 MUm. I 
Owner. Comas Blue. Pearl 
Lealher. Electric 4 Healed 

*» CSI 1982 auto 46 000 rtr 935 Ctt 1 979 GoM/MBflKWlOUr. 
eon. rter £2? Imraac. £6.995 PX Trt: 

marked, stunning. In mrtaUK Ro ° Cowan 0583 725222 (Ti 
rad icalher £10.750. Tel: 5*9 ETA * Free Hal Panda 

<M2121 3131 . 4163 eves White. A.C. full spec. IM pro*. 

W UU. 1979 6O.0OOIMS. Windsor 861 547. 

Oram jhrt. exc. ami new ■ 

Orre, 4 brake,. £1.900. ono. Cv'iSt 

Tci nay oi 3sn ofltji fur, ni mn. 9jsoo mb, Ct. 195. 
286 craod. PaUser Cars 04946 6361. 

SMS. Rear Blind. Anil Then I 2331 AM 03 C. 13000 mis. Cos- I **«® 4 th~ L Whlto.matanmkt- 

Device S Alarm. A /Cond. dam 
E/Roof. Computer, New York 
Stereo As New £19.000 OI- 
5B04844 mf) 608 1626 U*WI 

*** ■ C M *- y- 4 Sp BMW na sem* 2 1984 Blue. 

Amo. Sapphire met Star ve- 8 Spd. S/Rool. Tints. Stereo 
5? ur ^- C * E8n - MB; new -TUX Cam. Low M U e m ge FSH. 

lyres. PteneerR. G FISH. BMW £6.600 nno Ten Q1-3QO-7S62 

Sg^»* ^ BMW 3231 88 & Mack. 2 door. 

39.000 _ miles. Immprtdalr eunrnrt. Urlwv ew — 

min mw. blue im. auto PAS. 

ESR. alloys. Pioneer Stereo. £7.000 Marlow 74404 

NCWBIWirS Afl models K> order. 

drt (very Laroe dte- 

■" s *»*V d »* 2 198* Hue- routes Trt 0227 793010 (TI 

5**- *85? YA* FWre MpM hand drive 

S^ioaHTTioia r mn ‘ 

39.000 miles. bnmarulalr 
£13.780. Tel: Ol 660 6012 
X2M 4 Doer, a Re* 5 Speed. 

major Inrcaniert 

■unrart, factory spec, stereo. . 
10.000 mUn. Hiunae. £9,428. , 

*?* * P* te- B Rte 5 Speed. Trt Office 01-251 9411. B.M.W WANTFT) 

SJS2?- «^^j9Ckto9. _Oec 22B 1982 5 Spd. 40.000 MUto 

~ 9*9* Otetei. 1 Veors MOT 4- " — 1 1 ™ ■«— 1 

SS^CTS^inS^rk^f WCBkSSkS'* 0 " 0 P *' 

518 0163 1 bfl 4273 <0 uarrwute. Can John Davwa now 

ULW a OCX W- 7 , non T .' AW 0 "5P»» on <>«» 23496 (TI 

“nStet 5 rS ^SSSS? tima^Trtni »*»"«*» ■»« 19781986 for 


«1J4» .091 466 I 




S Regtstratioo. Scot Phe, 
etcetera co na tion. Meticu- 
lously ntaMawed. 75,000 

C19i4 95 . 

Teh 01 486 8738 days 
328 1922 eves/w*eads 


M* Iffts A. Claret wtn, Do 
20.000 -fiUm 1 a 
El 3.980 one. 074621 43 
2 owns. BtaCY 1 

FSH. Mun Em dan ££ 
Tm <*36 510694^ 


Redwoee Wttb Mb* ®- 
ltafetery. 8AX1 mites. 
Same* Watery avaflaUe. 


or wn r ant ofjff 

Teh 0266 861576. 


Widow goto, brawn 
everfloc. .beige interior, 
brown piping. FSH. 
50000 rentes only. (T) 


01*239 8234 (•Mm) 


Moods Benz mom doU- 
etv Uadtiwracra for Inc 
and low mDesge Mercedes. 


Am oampto h chesaut owr 
and. fed sre e frah en wflto 
tejrofiJ uphabtry. Man- 
tansd ty nan agents to 
hgtat smarts, FAH. 
7ZQ00 nfles. C1A2B8 

Td Oil 224195 


Tel: ( 0784 ) 63233 



Superb rrpdca BMW 
wheels Xi9 + VAT each. 
PM many ether uses 
and styles. Also BF 
Goodrich comp T/A. 
Seemtcor carriage 


0733 77729 





Anglo Cuban company 

to increase its product 

wishes to contact 
who have a desire to 
expand their markets 

0235 811319 

WAMTO nwnufa*tar«r or »» 
Mr or uirflnr Tv dukbiiW 
to supply urgr onkm (WW 
mn eonwony with law MM 
force wtoowml by large rema* 
pmre taB tPtmw vork. 
Mmmd fc wen MUM IS to* 
nrenea m owamrog bom 
commercial h aomesoc eqmp- 
mem. ibiithm t uiicinm 
fi l m Mnaae oao* twooa. 

SAVES YOU £885* 

If you purchase your company 
vehicles, 15 minutes of your time is all we need, 
to demonstrate how Contract Hire can show 
real savings on your existing motoring costs. 

1600L Ford Siena on the mod {after discounted price end 
excluding RFL) £6322 

Cost of Ownership 

For a company paying corporation tax f§ 35% 

Outright purchase 5 Ford Sierras £ 23,185 

Contract Hire 5 Ford Sierras £ 22,300 

saving £ 885 * 

Some of the benefits of Contract Hire are: 

9 No capital outlay 
9 No maintenance or Disposal risks 
9 Fixed monthly cost for period of contract 

Compare these rates (per week): — 

New Escort L4L £33 Cavalier UOOL sin £38 
BMW 316 £47 Audi 100 £56 

3 year contracts for business men, mdudes ad 
servicing, all repairs, all rapiccsmen) parts, 

breakdown recovery 
membership replacement 
vehicles and 3 yean RFL 

01-200 3939 




fra 1034V n 

h* kmtsC awjanes only ssijeB to 
•counts, type at popertv mo Uc 

For fuller rre 
0273 74X710/749535 
quoting l o tommia 4/28. 
•Fine oa cowpi g &a of tom. 




In Middlesex 
and Berks 

0895 70077 

Farrart red. w*h magnoSa 
leather trim, air condtaoned, 
Ble ctra m c etorm. eH extras A 
beautituUy appomed with 

QricSot, BS8 20N 

nerrmr vnrnm cawtal? 
Rum lames Kennedy abochm 
on oi 242 9462 ext 28 lor tea- 
Hm prorcsstonal advice. 


with Fax Database 
Services Limited for 

Call 0767 291 111. 


for £79 utc. No extras. 
Capital Company Services 
Ltd. 1,3 Leonard Si. 
EC2A 4AQ Tel: 01-606 

+ W2 

Low premium 2 <5 hr ac- 
cess + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices tnd 
phone/leJ ex/fax. ft 



GMng Cmil com 7% Tmam • 
or 25* at Profits. Are yew pofr- 
oes and pmcetfcres n the IMa 
to Cash Cycle' good enough? Asti 
tie spectaet consuRaras tor a 
Free Assessment • • 

81*848 MSB 

Bat XT wrth 2S6K rare*, to Mb 
naid disk ti rowir morn- 
lorLi.aoo Sinus/ View with 
IB Mb Hard flJsk £1500 
bints/ victor “HU dual l? Mb 
floppy £900. Phone. 

Mike stiaw 0676 33B54. 
status io m ham dish com 
puicr for sale, go od e nwamon- 

alrruHi w« CZOOd Plkw 
Rod Oi se* A 1 57 Etc* <M 70S 



Marine workshop, approx. 
8.600 sq.ft. Offices. 
Slipway, etc. She 0.85 acre 
approx. Freehold, vacant 
possession, tender dosing 
27th Jane 

Palmer Snell 

33 sL Thomas street, 
Weymouth. Dorset 
(6305) 773333 
18 Wessex offices 

UHMim HOUSE 77 Oxford 
Siren WJ. |>Man( luxury 
m\vn ollHn from as. mur as 
£70 ore w*e* includes - tun*' 
/ Eire techy / Ctemno/ Srrun ly 
/ml m Gym Alia aiauablr - 
Accretion /Telex /Srcrerana) 

/ PhotocooVino/ Phone* < Fax/ 
Word Protiiini/Boarqioom 
NoiMMKiM tarenrev No long 
irrm can uwt mcw. Call: Jane 
Wrifcrxne. 01-1188. 



Ca reps with loads or 
oomph. 'lUlity & 
experience of tbt 
market required. 

Contact Grant on 
01-720 1735 



omCE/STUDCO London El. 
1.200 w ri at meiXM s»re 
to let All anmiun. Suil 
prof na w a ft /at signer* 
£12.000 pa Inclusive. Tel: Ol* 
480 6667. 



Rapon rtoig your buttress 2 
Wo can Mp 

sort out your business 
plan and forecasting 
problems, then identify 
the moGt Bkety sources 
of finance 

Burttnpion phnw. telex and tor- 
warding cervicm. 01 «34 2560 


in daily contact with 
our office in Sydney 
would welcome 
contacts from UK 
organisations seeking 


distributer in Australia. 

Telephone . 
0209 820718 
(office boors). 
Telex 45S79. 


KOKTMKS for Aretoiecta • 
Designers. Permanent 5 letnpo- 
rary powixms. AMSA SpeciaiM 
Pec. Cons. 01 734 0639 

prof converted Id RHD. IW& 
34.000 mis. some alarm, cen- 
tral locking, stereo A/C. 
£14.760. 061 486 S8B6 Home 

11MC WO Snorts Car. A re*. 
Metallic black. b*gH Spec. 
20:000 km. cinaOO ono. Ttt 
10747) 451S. 

sunroof, lull leainer. Lotus 
Dentsr maintained. Immacu- 
late. £7.996 TCU09S23) 47451 

ary 86. 4.300 miles, metallic 
silver urey/grev red interior, 
radio, sunroof, as new. fftJO O 
ono. 0734 701126. 


lOOns RBQUMCB to aril new 
mnaily Bn Hne as seen on TV . 
Cxcciienl tamsi woa rate. Tel. 
IPS on parking 0306 884289 


MMNT REQUIRED ior Central 
London Mondays tn ScuUand 
Age 21*. salary according to 
experience Tel: 082624 209. 
I Reverse Charges) 


IVnml ,-uul n-priHlurnon: Mo* 
ut Jaki. f-Jnitm Jrviv 
M, n, HU ijhlrv, IVjicnpnnv an) 
IVvL chairs 

tlriar W JruiK sr 
friueul ( SlIfTv llrkMr 
-J»l lledv- Up, «JJ» 

» i U. told. Intn N«l 
M-rMr 01-7X1 77*5 

range vuppMfl at trade pnen. 
free Lk delivery. SHcd Car- 
pets. 101 Commercial Rnad. 
Bouiwmmun. Dorset EH2 BUT 

coca 28 i m. 

&30 6 monirn old wnii manu- 
laciurers warranty £i.2So 
ono. Tel: Maidstone 675730. 


A sard Ideal lor sm,U ware- 
house. laclory. depot etc 
£36000. 0253 65568 


SALES BOOSTER. Music » Inn. 
at l.rvl class Childrens Jobbing 
Suns ai suiy prices assorted col- 
ours and sue* lagm 2-6 yr». lor 
only £2 00 earh Minimum pur- 
chase SO canons n dor eactu 
aoatnu rash payment. Teh 01- 
247 1682 I day] 01-458 5412 

J08LOT 100 us old ru&oer pme 
lor reclaiming C6£>/uv Also 
slock lot new PVC hose lor sues 
ai bum* trade. OoldDerrv Oi- 
377 8477 or 01-377 8602 11 6 
pm Mon-Frl Tlx 884194. 

T-swm All sues * colour-:. 
500 avallaMe. Samples sent 
Ter 031 557 2055. 

LARCC SALE sweat gum. ir.vra. 
T-shirts, coats a oinet den» 
available Tel. 10785) 40383. 

new lodge I re n t e rs at massive 
savings oo n hnsi inirrn price lo 
be bought in uuanlJly Alto mall 
order return goods on offer m- 
dudlng rtal nock furniture, 
elecineal. hardware & lovs etc. 
at big discount prices. Ring 
107421 432916. 

Continued on pace 20 



TO part n er overseas invest 
mem co. In swi. capable of 
working on own inuiaOve. 
German, Trench an advan- 
tage 4 nail days weekly 
Salary by arrangement. 

437 2052. 



10 YEAR OLD Preach student, 
ex scout, would Uke lo Utarc 
Brtttalt family We during Sum- 
mer holiday and take care of 8 
to 12 year old children, mutate 
mem to tettnia. swimming and 
other sports. Write to Remy 
Deumirr. 6CH. CMS MouiUes 
69070 DartUny. France. 


Top London Brokerage 
offers trainee position 
teatfmg to ndusliy 
qualifications. For the 
a fc raa B w career 
oppamnty graduates and 
commercial ty minded 
individuals (23+) call 

Baryf Cfarfc on 
01*499 3814 

NOTICE is Hereby gnen Inal me 
SHOPS win be held M The 
National Army Mir-urn Royal 
HomHUI Hoad. Ctirtsea SW3 m 
1 1» County of London, on 
Wednesday IB June I98cal2 IS 

Colonel A W DAVIS 
Comptroller A Secretary. 

122 Bromplon Road. London. 

Claied 23rd May 1086 


. < ■ . « 

A neiv unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 




for the 

placement of advertising. 

You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 9.30 am. to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times —and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01- 481 4000. 



MONDAY Edacwfoe: Univer* WEDNESDAY U Crime de t> 
shy Appointments. Prep, ft Public OtaeAoctarial/Wdwoinnncnts 
School Appointments, Educational o«r£7:500. General secretarial. 
CteasesAhoJa^ips&fWtowhips. Property: Resident^}, Commercial. 

SB geaen^y a c a napsi ied 

by ideraat e^orial arfkfes. 

Use the coupon (right), 
and find oat bow eas& fits* 
and economcal N is to 
Use fa TbeTanes Oasafted. 

LaCrawtiabCritow: Town ftCoimuy.OvBtsas, Rentals. 

TUESDAY Draptder Herizsos: 

a comprehensive guide to the THURSDAY Geneal Appoiat- 

compuicr mariteL ptotesChieTEMCuiives. Managing 

Legal Appeiatwsis: Sobcilors. Dircclors. E>irectofs, Saks and 

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A gm anHe cj A p p htormfers . 


FRIDAY Motora: A com plat car 
buyert' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Bnrinpw to Bndaegr 
Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Rivet 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises. Car hire. UK. Hard: 
Hotels, Collages. Holiday left. 


ftnFViendsia new classification for 
young readers lo contact people with 
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raent, RO. B*x Z 84 , VirgiiMsi Srre^f. Lotuha El OEM). 



TELEPI (ONE l Daviimt ) 



iPLj- .ILw |.nK i. -i— •'•t j". 1 ?' ..••-•VI 

I I I I 1 ! i 1 

2 $ 





A* d*»Oed advcTtHanm 

Si*. ** 

!***?S* AanotPKxmcmsi Tbe 
'■ *aJBiic ts SJHpm 2 few prior 
toWbtaboB (fe 5JXtem ?5^ 
^ fcr Wedo«u, x Shook, 
yoo «n to Knd m at venue. 

we« y writing piece indude 
"! Phone number. 


IMTItt lT. if you have my 
or (nifelcms retain* to 
ywadw waaftii aw H bn 
zpvctnA, jtetac cumaa our 
CwWner Services Deputmeu 
1 * Weptanc on 01-481 4100. 



*w™n. mKnptaynwm. No 

t«IMpuiUapnwrM mM 

dotttbon to Viscounl Tnny Pan. 
«■ N4M Children* Home. 
BMmHOL 49 Highboy Pam 
lomton NO IUD. 

nMnan rauttttki 

W«*» US* To Hwr From Ait- 
puim. K you nave wrmn a 
tew* Out domes xMcatkm. 
Write to: D«pt:TMI t ,B THE 
atm, imm subbi aw am 
WHf*aC who mm to remain 
Mx*mymau». krafcmg for dto 
erect agent to romflea very bet 
property, a btork comedy to cm 
aB MKfc cotnnflea. FHfeber 
TdUsnun 8784046. 

MW July - Mid Aug. Send sae 

u VWL 9 Park End SL Oxtart. 
iWM n w wpBHwm ui m 



Cartoy. 23rd May 1026. al 8L 
Ban Church. Honey. Surrey. 

20 Wi 



On 23rd May 1930. a MOtv 
Trtnlty Ownt. Fomby. Joan. 
etoesL and EnkL second daugh- 
ter « COL and Mrv T. H. 
Hauddna to. mpeedvety. 
Chain, younger *on of Mr. 
and Mre. MontaoDe WhMiaw of 
London, and John. *Mar ion of 
Mr. and Mtm. W. & Ctiartn a( 


COd f AWY OOtr Day* oroMUaed 
for staff or cuatotnero. Any lo- 
caoa p. TH 0734 872722 
YOOB CMC nun conveflod to 
video upe. Any agr. DrtaBs 
Moving Movies 01240 9129 

ev» . 

wrtilrn and produced cumra- 
In vttar docmnenB. nnalli 
01 -MO 2999. 

MIMA TEXT EdgturtonJotySth- 
aflnM hmpHanty tadbnes 
oiaHaMe m dopant HM ran- 
dence don to test 

Morning coffee. 

lunch, lea. cfianfteunnp 
gr o und and hcMs Included. 
Apply tor details 02 1 464 HUBS. 

MEANT to MEANT. Todays way 
of meeting CoondenUal Intrrv 
ducuom (hrootfiout UK lor 
CrenpanKmtilp. rnendshtp. 
Marriage. Heart to Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twlcteidmn. 
Middx 01-992 2061. 

FULL CANE ACCOM, offered to 
I 2 retired perwos by couple to 
501 Ouct secluded res. area 
200 yds from sea. km. Tel 
0043 291139. 

WB E WPHW. Love or Marriape- 
ad apes, areas, dimdc. Dm 
1016) 23 Abtapdon Road. Lon- 
don W8. Tel: 01-939 lOU. 




OHng Lounge wNh bal- 
cony owariooung 

30 " guests maximum. 
Launch gritfi driver avaS- 
abie. Wed 2nd. Thursday 
3rd * Sat 5«h July. 

For Datfs phone Peter 
on 062-882 £69/6881 


Opened in 1916. the Royal 
Star & Garter provides a 
true home tor disabled 
ex-Service men and 
women. Please help us to 
continue caring for these 
men and women to whom 
wm me so much, by 
sending a donabon or 
leaving a legacy. 

The need is urgent' 


[.Sarny TWO IRK 

We can't 
care for the 
victims of 
cancer unless 
you da 

Itou am help as w replace 
frar and despair with calm aad 
cbgnny far so many, by mates 
a tesacy.covenaal or dfcaaiwv 
Please ccmaci us for dem!s 
of paytnem natn any at 
The Nmona) Soctrty tor Cancer 
Rebel Room TLB. Anchor hook. 
B-t9 BnttcnStXondDnSVO 3TY 
Tricpbope- 01-331 7BI 

Macmillan fond 

Orel Vi. H.' ' 


You are invited to use 
the Great Invocation 
today (and every day) 


From the point of Light 
within the Mind of God 

Let light stream forth 
into the minds of men. 

Let Light descend on 

From the point of Love 
within the Heart of 

Let love stream forth 
into the hearts of men. 

May Christ return to 

From the Centre where 
the will of God is 

Let nuroosc which the 


purpose wi 
w know a 

and serve 

From the centre which 
we call the race of men 

Let the Plan of Love 
and light work out. 

And may it seal the 
door where evil dwells. 

Let light and Love and 
Power restore the Plan 
on Earth. 

World Goodwill 

3 Whitehall Court 
London. SWIA2EF 


OVfNEN Of J y«ur oM Bfchoa 
FmrdogpMn rename care tor 
dog wWbt be I* Iravr-tong 
aoroM. nnstt 1-2 u w l a max 
■l time nut nRCrtUng 3 raOn in 
year. CM»a 6W3 ana. Reply 
to BOX H2». 

batteto wbmm for ia 1 1 air cum- 
PHIMP. Top prlcn paM. 01 22S 

wimtEo ew Tuareim ad nan 

wanted. 01 688 94*9 Day. 
Cto 01 987 40899011 Ol 303 

01-778 9373 anydrar. 

Desks. Bookcaar etc & Pro 1940 
Dunumre. Tel: 01-888 01*8 or 
01-328 7716 day qr plghL 
caslL WUUams. 43 Lambs 
Condon SI WCl.dOS BS38 

wanted- Centres. No II Beal 
prices paaL 01-839 6233. 
w— rnnw an uckao ««m. 
dm (or maw. Bast prim pwd. 

01-930 *536. 

salc-wMicd ptus sports/ppp 
n ems. 01 893 9944 (TL 

wham. Queen, an other evens. 
01-682 926* or Ol 687 1096. 


01 928 1775. 



carting A French poHsMnp 
demanserattons by two of our 

awn craftsmen al oar spring ex- 

hflxbon ol 1 7Bl ft IBth Century 
replica furniture on Bank Hob- 
day Monday. 26th May to our 
Topaham Showrooms. 

21 47.74 Fore Street. 
Topaham- Mr Exeter. (0392871 

42nd street, evosina perfor- 
mance. June lOtti. 40 tickets. 
JU2 each let 0*87 8402*0 

(POST money wool carpets. Al 
trade prices and under, abo 
available 1001 extra. Large 
room snr remnants under half 
normal pore. Quncery Carpets 
oi *06 0*63. 

Wisttap kunaa rroel free targe 
American torn refHdaerP to r 
wired lor UK Hfce new £500. A 
GE heavy duty American size 
watner Mt dryer wired Mr UK 
£130 each. Tel 0783 888273. 

THE Til 17M-1MC. CNhrr 
biles a van. Hand bound ready 
tor presenta t ion also 

"Smwnvs" £1280. R e i u e mU ei 
When. 01-699 6323. 

StarUgM Exp. Cham. Los MM. 
AO mejire and sports. 

Tel: 921-6616. 820-0490. 

A -Ex / visa / Diners. 

BatnttMY DUE 7 ow someone 
an angtoto Ttmea Newumper 
dated the vary day they were 
born. £12.60 0492-31303. 

CLASSIC CMAMt a. Ottoman to 
Stock lee thee/inpi wood to 
Charles Camcs £800. 01-879 
7279 (Daytime) 

SUTnNPUU Any event tar Las 
Mto. Covenl Cdn. StoUgM Exp. 
Wimbledon. Ctyndcbowne. Ol- 
828 167B- Makar credit canto. 

SMOOKDI TABLE. FuB size Riley 
(29S79I. LWW oak table plus ac- 
cessories. £3800 one. Tel: 
060842 669 

tumn EDW AMMAN diatse- 
tonaue recovered dusty pink 
dram £460. Tatophoiw Ol- 
727 *91* (eeesL 

WILED PH. CATS. Starlight 
Exp. Chess. Lea Mto. AD theatre 
and sport. Tel 631 3719. 637 
1715. All 

Bought mid sold. Tel 01-881 
33*7 or 01-791 2206. 

Best seat*. 1st ton rows. Lounge 
badges efc-TW: Ol 402 7881. 




Mantes Cortootos Tin. de- 
sqpi natural only £855 per sq yd 
+ VAT. Wool im Bottler esprts 
4m mis team lacked £<35 
par sq yd + VAT. Sftfle stocks 

148 WMSsMrib Bridge Rd. 
Rbssb Bhhb. 3ML 
TetOl-731 3368/9 
Free csomstes-Expen Bnisq. 


Fisunna. ammato. etc, want- 
ed. Ol 883 0024. 


KEM MOW ADD A R A. 2 ptom. 
topi lor sab- £290 and £6001. 
Tel 0277 222209. 




London's leadmp HuruUB m 
new and restored punas far me 
largest oemune sesedsoa as sit- 
able 30a HU P w sie Rd. NWS. 
01 267 767 1. Free ratotogo*. 
SCCMTEDI6, 2 braoWul iranm 
Com price nr quick sale Musi- 
rum Kamnntiits. Tel. Ol 696 

ILUTKNSR r 6 Ma hogany 
Grand Number 67202 Com- 
ptetrly restored 1983 L2ASO 
Codstone <09831 9*2163 

and revondUtooed. Qualm- ai 
W P toB P prices 326Br19Mon 
Rd . & Croydon 01698 3613 

KC3HT1 I W Fun Grand ptono. 
Wlule Superb. £2-500 Tct 
0264 52075 

hogany case -recently tuned 
£1.100 Tel 01-957 1162 


I ■ kwhrii 


DIEM 4511 


Tertfera ve invited for the 
purchase and removal of tt» 
(pflowmg used paws 

ONE Steinway model D con- 
cert grand puno No 128852 

ONE Simmy model D con- 
cert grand (nano No 366513 

ONE Danemarm grand puna 
ap p nw n B iely 60 years old 

Further denis and forms of 
tender can be otKamed from 
the Sawr Purclasng Ofth 

cer, Suppfaes Section, Cdy 

Treasurer's Degartmem. 
Cnnc Offices. Guldhafl 
S«iare, Podsmauih. Hants. 
Telephone No: 822251, Ea 
4405 QT 4406. 

Corroiflcd tenders must be 
returned lo the undersigned 
m the envelope provided, 
not later than 12 noon on 

Chy Secmary 
and Solicitor. 



Informed impaniii jmix i rm 
axmIM* T« aW2»u8 


DUTCH MINE 100 ft loop, by 
approx i7 ft Mam. gd rood 
B lMWliu iB. spare endue. Ripe 
tor euKl £36-000 ouol For 
more (Mafia KK 0272 1 739846 

FWtrtdge/ph pa pa ut d ays lo M. 
Nov/Jan. Tat 060842 660. 



A rtotUnd nrk. 
Hoi or Go Let*. Tat221 7083 T. 


c en tr a l Loudon tmn £326 v». 
Rto a Town Hac Apts 373 3433 
Kmnigton. CM TV 2Whr iwbd. 
Ux. GawpaMni Apto 3706306. 
ST JAMES SWi. Luxury 2 bed 
ftdy lUrpMicd pwioed apt nr 
park. Ol 373 6906 m 


FEMALE WANTED To snare lux- 
ury flu In Etfiam. own oouMr 
room, ail bcMOo. non uiwui i 
£IBO per month. Day <07841 

25961? Era and W/aids 
(07841 31906 

■ 23+- phare dale 
room to 3 brina house. £17fi 
pan tort Tat 01 385 7083 Or 
Ol 373 2661 

wCl. Charnxng ppac brdM in H- 
egant auM BJoamsbunr lit 
Own phone Shared K6B. nd 

prod tody £60pw Inc 242 7711. 

3 m uf f ctbHhuIi 
for wen run comtortaMe bae nr 
sin. O R £sa Twin bedded 
£86. WntUOPh Ol 947 3130. 

E 14. Atbecltv* Mand gnk» 
house. Vacancy for 2 mM 201 
nrnir— nnpl imcupw £46 
pw. Phone after 7 pm or w/c 
0491 61 2386. 

Wen estab totrodoclory mvin. 
Ptae M tor appt: 01-899 6491. 
313 Brampton Road. Sws 
SW1P N/S prof o.'R. tody 

C13D pen. TH: 01 640 6066. 

w d o u p flat- Shared facSMca. 
non smoker. £130 PCM lac. Tcf 
670 2417 

■ARNES Person to share attrac- 
tive flat. O/R. GH. £180 PCM. 
Eject. TU Ol 87B 9871. Eves 

HMHOATE nr tube, large smmy 
rm. ch. w.-maetdae etc X4B pw 
CXd. HI Ol 883 6290 

MBHBML toot Pefn. SOe. own 
room to MX flat. £60 pw tort. 

HUMTOM, 6 mm tubed/rm. at 
beautiful flat ch. aO macMnes. 
let 01 369 6498 after 7pm. 

KCRSNMTOH Female, cat lover 
to share a ttr a ctive (ML o/r. 
£80pw. ml TeL-OI 221 8421 

KEMM6TON Somy rm M can- 
llzed mixed ROL £130 PCM. 
Tel Ol 370 6169. (6-Tpsnk. 

Use. £116 pem exrt. TeLOl-668 
3867 After 600 pan. 

UtnOy house, dose CMy. £44 
pw. 249 8604. 

NS. Prof M. O/R Short let (heol 
£160 pm or Man - Fn Inc. Tet: 
01-341 9106 leuesL 

PIMLICO SWI Luxury Hie shore. 
£66 Pw. O/R- prof grad 22-27. 
01-834 3487 Mler 6pm. 

1— IP UNAR Y a tong term aec 
omodaawi avaa for mumbis. 
£65 pw bid Tel 01-722 1472. 

W14 2nd toreon to Shr lux (ML 2 
roc. 2 bun. awn dbie rm. M 
toefl. £68 pw tad 01-603 7689. 

I mod 01-871 1006. 


NALADA. FARO. Lowest tore* 
Ol 738 8191. AMI 1893. 

SWITZERLAND Schedtdedfltahb 
01-72* 2388 ABTA ATOL 

Bam Travel IM Ol 388 6414. 

CHEAP nJOVn Europe Wortd- 
wld*. OBedpe TTnvet ABTA 
01-889 BOKUttag Angle 

UM ft £116 stngto. £210 rtn. 
Won Season FUm Malar trav- 
el- Ol 485 9237. IATA 

wortdwido dieapeu TSroa! 

RKhMoad Travel. 1 Duhe a 
Rktunoad ABTA 01-9404073. 
low coat (light esoem Europe 
A W/wmc. Freedom HoHdays 
01-741 *686 ATOL 432 IATA 

i from moat UK 


Many lato special often. FJ 
Ol 471 00*7 ATOL 16*0 
TUNISIA For RW perfect holiday 
with sunny days A carefree ms. 
Meal Sprue < Summer. Tunuun 
Travel. 01-373 *«11. 
ALICANTE, Fare. Matapa etc. 

Dttnood Travel ATOL 1785. 

Ol 681 46*1. Horsham 686*1 
AUSSIE. hLZ-. South Africa. 
U3 A. Hone Kona. Bat Faroe 
01-493 7776 ABTA. 

Europe/ Worldwide. Tel: 01- 
629 0690 B teeew m ATOL 
DISCOUNTS 1st /Economy uefc- 
eb Try a laoL FUOHT- 
BOOKERS 01387 9100. 
Latin Araenra A Europe air 
ram. Tel: 01-437 7S34 ABTA. 

tarn Can Bfopire Travel. 01 
736 8191. AIM 1899. 

HOT TURNEY. MylNc beach ho- 
ld. £199 m May Inc fit. mod. 
free w mb Ol 326 1006. 
HOT TURKEY Dalaman lapib 
only £135 m May. Tuesday 
dens. Ol 326 1006- 
LA MAHOA mama Gatwick to 
Muma. Beach Bay HoHdayt. 
Tel 0432 270189 AM 
SYD/MEL £618 Perth £846 AH 
malar rarrtere lo AUS. NZ. OI - 
694 7371. AHTA 



. £399 ES45 

JO BURG E345 £<» 

TEIAVW £99 1179 

WW VOW SI39 E775 

IDS AHGH.ES _ £192 £385 

MHj gO K £320 !3W 

1QRBKT0 SIB £265 

01-370 6237 



Beadi vte to 3^8 m Corti aval 25 

MW 2 



•to Uqa MM an Tmtays Sum 
SoilDi Caw nd 37 & SB Uw 1/2 
aks. 3, to 1724. Jn At» Agios 
ooir to DMam 


81-948 9191 (24 tag) 
ATOL 1& 


Nairobi. Jo ’Bora. Cano. Du- 
bai. Istanbul Singapore. ILL 
Delhi, tanfkofc. Hop# Kras§. 
Sydncj. Europe. 1 The Ameri- 
cas. Fumm*o TrsvcL 3 New 
Qnebec St Marble Arch Lon- 
don W|H 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10,00-13X0 


Mors low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other ageney 

- Fast, export high-tech 

Mrvk* - Frm worldwide 

hotel SeirMre pass 
• US to 60% dlSDOIRltS 
Open 9*6 Don-Sat 

Immuntsstion, tesurenee, 
Foreign Exchange, 
M#p iBook Shop 

Iklfaetoaslrmtf (bo/le 

42-U Cwls Court Road 

Long-Haul 01-603 ISIS 
Europs/USA 01*937 3400 
1 xt/BaaimssOHns 3444 


- — 

I -t rwMi eUpnn tnn*y tease in i 

52. 6 fr nT ** Z «* 

Nte. dm« ream, 3 bate. M 
WA Ane Igs tat £750 pw. 



fabulous 3 badmomte Maban- 
ette on 2 doors nib am 
atom* 5 L sloped nespbon. 
2n bate. Aimtion Ucten. BX- 

SSLi* ?*>• 

ffSiKnSSkSM 1008 

BL raiMBfl/Uwu rasned . 

phuix nnpsmEs 


pert Loxury nwhonette. 2 dble 

bUthen/aner. bathroom, (urfer 
RvMNMd. gen. letepimie. rot- 
Mi »- own entrance, is mm 
( remedy- £17S pw. Trt 01-837 

l bed nmhumil sntMUcded 
hew. Nob-tec stem ettota- 
rerot- npe* ordre, MoMy 
reoo m aiei ta ed. Reran, bath a 
modem ML mi martw. £300 
pw. AyleNORI A Co. 01-361 

UUEEHSCMTE very MM. beau- 
ufuiiy totortpr deopned. mwiy 
modemtaed 2 beteooni OM wlOi 
tolty fitted kitchen, dlaug 

doakroom * mull paao par- 
den. £27 Spw. pbOHp Andrews 
01-486 6991. 

Hauae. Nr Campon Stamre m 
let June ta Aupoi or parts 
thereof. 4 DMm 4 retmto s . 
WWm. Strtnway- Owto. 
£236 pw neg. Hfc 01-486 7990 

SWI UpM. brtoM dm floor (IN to 
manoMn Nock- Lot ncen with 
WghcNItaM. 2 Beds. ML 
£2a0pw. Oootes 828 8261. 

SWIO Lux, newly dec. f u r nish ed 
ground floor OaL I dNlbedna. 

Ol 634 1400 May) 

miure matted tor abort or long 

Cal M- Michael 
Narbury- John Strand Oon- 
tnrts Lid. Td 01-486 8616. 

amome» ExwmvEs-i&tok 

lux nats/bouses: £200 - ElOOO 
P.W. Ltaro fees rev- PMBtn 
•toy* Lewis. South of the Park. 
Chelsea office. 01-362 81 II or 
North of the Park. Rvgmrs 
Park Mflce. 01-686 9882. 

UAIWIHAB Finchley Rd. Su- 
perb Rat fnOy torn and egta 2 
dble bedn. Me lounge. Ml A 
bath. Ba lcony. Met garden, 
own C/H and leL careful ten- 
ant no sharers. £19000 p.w. 
TdOl-TSM 3694. 

hShbUNY. Jubilee Bar. Im- 
maculate 3 oodroom house. 
£160 pw. overseas Estate 
AXPSC 01 -933 BQ 6Q. 

available on Mine sha re basis. 
Unique 2 bed (ML (idly fur- 
nished and e quip pe d. £360 pw. 
Phene Jean HoflMay. 01-379 

Bridge Hd. B atter s e a . Available 
on wu i pup M tar 1-2 yrs. 2 
beds. 2 receps. both, kitchen A 
potto. CH. £HO pw. Ring 
Buxton 0963 40297 

s i gned ground fleer floL I dbie 
bed. Me reran, ft ML bath m 
wuh shower. £226 pw. Photos 
Kay A Lewie 01 362 8111. 

'Ufc, ' 

<lv Grows 


I deal roR gngnwiB AT 1 
— wain ' — 

■■■■ HWEfi « 

raaOMBLt STVU 1 TM., 
rnmm otenn *tth otuuiH 
■ 1.2 C3BE»DW RAIS M 
NrtlUDlt. jBfTALS MOM. M 
£» m Eijte m «ffi( » 
KUtt lin s. .PDHTEBML 


[incir KcaaeoE] 


■ 01-429 M04H 

0 HSU HHaOMB. ■ 
OHWiW ifi r 


Soper self coxtomed 
fiats in Kenstanoti 
Avail from 151b Jun 
Stertor firm II 1 

2 bedrooms fhn DTSjjw. 


01-589 4555. 

F.MUMPP MaagstM Services) 
Lid mtdrgproptrtiB m central 
south and west London mo 
for li nkin g applicaMKOl-221 

on Ol 236 8861 for the best se- 
lection or Ranlihcd flats and 
houses to m in KnighHaidoe- 
KanNDBMD ana Cbeuea. 

avou. A read- tor dXHanwts. 
executives. Long A short lets ta 
afl areas. Ltofrfead A On. *8. 
AtoSUWfie SI WI .01499633*. 

. Chsrmlug 3 

sage, too fl 

garaen. £300 pw. EVifyneve- 
... w<Ba 

CENTRAL LETS. Sbert/loag 
rental. 1 lo s b e tfnns pvafl. 
FUts/hses. Ol 491 76*6 CD. 

hs i dd le d l bed rm IBL £88 pw. 
Ring Sae en.Ol-649 8933 day. 

currently seeking pood auatny 
central London tor wstUM 

company Inmok 01-997 9601. 
CHALK FARM s/c. 2 bed taxwy 
IW. washnp machine /dryer, 
new decor , son 2 profs, nan 
smafcfna. 12 month min. Co Ml 
£120 PW Ol 267 2708 
FULHAM S/c lovely fumbhed 
DM. VMM now. 2 Mr 
bedrms. Rvtao rm. Ml/dlaer. 
bMfa rm. Co let. £120 pw. 
MltyXH 736 7133 MSOl 


■tees, ortoss. CM 627 2610 
open 7 days Ub 9. 

good 2 bed ON lo attractive dr- 
veMpmenl nr rtver/park. Lone 
co let. £i«o pw. John 
Hodtagswprtn 736 6406. 

tom 3 bed hie. Oac. Large oar- 
dm Very «uM ta-. £160 p.w. 
Co let Reduction (or embaecy- 
TeCOl 904 1774 
available NOW unury non A 

Betgravta. £20O£2JXXb>w. 
Tet Burgess SB1 6136. 

througheia toe Doddands area. 
Docklands Property Centre 01 
488 4882. 

FLEET ST EOS. Cay Mdroway. 
Elegant god Hr stadia OaL M 
Historic Court. £166 pw. Com- 
pany Let. 340 6968 /363619a 


Buy a 

Swimming Pool 

The SPATA logo is your assurance of 
quality and reliability. Only SPATA 
members can offer SPATASURE - 
exclusive guarantee. 

Membership list and handbook from 
MrT. Lingham, 

SPATA, 01-291 3455 (24hrs) 


IMrizn tetitag d wite n and dwucNs. 
ral wtei gpod vntbB rime. 


Said fsr iMab Inn tte toteuai - 
8, Badsa k Am Item. Honka, 

.TstKS 6U161 (24tex) 


Manu fad urois of Mgh queflty kr^paund Bnar pods 

SoH4wBd or 

(0440) 61000 


FULHAM S9NL. 2 bed OM lux 
block olkcg rtver. Lgr rec. 2 

£200 pw. SttatosOl 788 466L, 

HMBSTDN. Pretty mod 3 bed 
cottage ityV hse wtai potto A 
got nr shorn pu a park. Eiao 
pw Wtuurea A Sen 947 3130. 

2 bed ftaL £500 ma Tel: Ol- 

KUSRSBTDM 2 btdhn pets ok 
pldag TV phone £120 pw Me. 

most tax kmg/aiart term apis. 

SW8881 The n m uli a r ta rwnem- 
ber when seeking Mat re nta l 
praperttos ta central and srttae 
London area i £LfiO/£2,OOOpw. 
ULS. COMPANY Backs tom srop- 
ertta n ban London areas. 
Aoentrt 01-689 6481. 
teAMTED tor temtoptayen. Mod- 
ern r u i maimi nms lor 4 to s 

tm London. Ring 730 1863. 
MEET KEM Charmhag I/I town- 
house to mod comrtrr. 4 Bert. 
2 BaiTO. cdn. Phg. Only 
£26Qpw Inc. 01675 1896 m. 
IELSRAY1A Lux Freutshed Dole 
Rm to leL wHh prtvato befhnn. 
£100 taC. Tet: 01-668-2392 

level flat, potto A gdns. seemy 
syrtem. £160 pw. 01-8834116 
KEHIHIBTOM HM. Bscspt. bed, k 
A h. CH. TV. video. Borden. 
£160 PW. 0722 72699 
KEMMNBTON W14. Large newly 
conv 1 bed torn ftaL CH. 
£l!3pw. Crawfords 689 46S& 



ATTRACTIVE newly dec 3 bed 
bungalow. Lge taring no. CH 
Ogr Pretty gdn. M- Orotapua 
Stn- 36 mta* Ctty/W End. Co.l 
let oaty- £600 pom. 01-946 
6768 Weekends / Eves. 
KNMHfimflC, Locury 
haum. 2 dtric beds, long or atiert] 
MU tan £995 pw. 884 7580 
LAMA 607 9381. Selection ofl 
'tuxurlous Ota/hou 
£160 • £600 
UNSD LET also HoHdoyo ta Lon- 
don. FOresMde Properties 2 
9462 OH 27: or 891 0367. 
NEWLY refurbished modern 2, 
room DM to M from June ISLl 
Hegento Park. Tet 01936 9066 
NORTH! 1 bedrm recpL Phone. 
TV. washer, gdn. £78 pw. Oth- 
er* 627 2610 HomNoc a tore. 
HGOm PARK. Luxury 2 bed-! 
room flat wuh garden. E10CH 
pw. No went*. 485-1480. 
RdflENn PK. Lux Me dbl bad] 
newty mm flat Porter. CHW 
GOT. £160 pw. 01-689 6468 
ST H u n ts MOOR. s/C bed/aa| 
rai + kll/dta mi + shower ♦ 
WC. CH. £80 pw. 821 0417. 
tan. tax 4 bed M. recs. 2 bath. 
Utumes. £600 pw. 431 3191. 
WANDSWORTH Corami 2 perJ 
nans. n/sa>/r fenN Nirlge bos. 1 
£160 pan exrt- 870 8840 eve. 
canretx-gdn. £40 pw. 

627 2610 Hotndocatara 7 days 

Nea ■ Perfect rtknare. laMous 
i Mtoiwiswt. sort Mod. on- 
bmliM wine. Fantastic bargain 
Prtce* for May and Juno deps. 
Biadon Lines Travel. 

OI 788 220a 

cheap njoarrs Wawwide. 
Hnypurtcet 01-930 1866. 

CHEAP FUSHTS Worldwide. 
KM HTT 01-930 2456. 

1111. Travrtwia*. AMa/AtaL 

TURKEY FLMHfTS/Hondayi tor 
colour brorti u ro Oto sp nuM Ol- 
629 2S79 ATOL 1895 
TURNEY Me avanaMMy fl- £169 
Turkish DaPghl Holiday* Ol 
891 6469 AIM 2047 
£465. 01-684 7371 ACTA. 
p/w £996 rm £646. Aurtdnad 
p/w £420 rtn £774. Jrtug 
o/w £264 rtn £470. lag Ange- 
les o/w £192 rtn £380. London 
FXghl Centre 01-370 6332. 

New Yotk £249. LA £379. To- 
ronto £219. JVura £419. 
Nairobi £309. Sydney £639. 
Auckland £749. Dorian- 130 
Jerenyn Street Ol 839 7144 

Lon tottrute flkdm a hahday* 
from Catwick Ota avail « 
Manl 109231 771266 10422) 
76999. Tbutway 
ABTA/ ATOL 1107. 

1 CAU. For mm at the best deah 
on Ilia, villas, opts, tab sod car 
bene. TM London Ol 636 6000 
Mandwner 061 832 2000. Air 
Ttavei Advtsory Bwtaa. 

CO NCORDE Wara/DaBaa 12/18 
Jime rtn. £1499 nr Osacarde 
one way with s ch e du led 1 way. 
FVM £1930. CMb £1470. Ccou 
£999 Cottanbo* 01-929 4281. 

Iflphb e g mo £485. Lima 
£488 rtn. Abo Small Group 
Hobday Journey*, lee Peru 
from £3601 JLA 01-747-3108. 

USA s. America. Mid and Par 
CasL 8 Africa. Trayvab. 48 
Margaret Street. WI. Ol 680 
2928 (Vba Accepted! 


ALGARVE 1129. CORFU 1129 
TBtSWE tm. MOOES C139 
HU cm. StoMtr BraNr Mm 
E l 19 

Vans topi kbr/Jrtt «c ete/w 
or ssM accora. pfea ikgN Iran 
Gsoefc. V m sr (lab ana/ 
ntel dqa MAr Mvine and 
RraitexA um. Bracbm 
P< wU/retaX teotasgg. 

taeffla tn-ai s*» 
HWni H MI-834 5033 
SREFFHU 87*2 331101 


Pare CM N Vtpfc mt 

Framdurt ch la/SF eras 
La0M Z320 Mart CiSB 
MW 06 OZS Sngnxn 
JDlMpg r«0 Bmps* 036 
Caro C205 Kasnamki EMO 
DsUBrti EES Rangoon C3M 
Hoag Rang BIO Odum £433 

SWi A sST 

21 Ssnflap 3L Lwdra WI 



•Mm f«o cua mts 

Pisttum 1*00 Istandnl 1IM 

lAfiK P« J«MR {440 

Ntamm 1400 Kndv rm 

Aminas C6P KuVSa £445 

Banpt* EBO KUW I3S0 

Bonutw rec nvera £20 

Cara cm Sam ino 

Cokrtte E430 SvS,<m BBS 

Damns Cfl) TSrro £570 

2 DSWAN Siam. UlfflON WI 
Tte BT439 


ABcantt fl/e tr E85 
Garona 30/5 ft £71 
6/6 fr £99 

1/8 fr nifi 

HwteAen 30 (r 

M 01-723 $964 


omale retun 
JetMO/Har £300 I486 

NSBOOi £220 £325 

Caro Cl 30 1200 

uan tZB ton 

OdVBani 030 £340 

Banpak 1195 030 

DgUStS £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 
162/168 Reqn SL WI 
TH: 01-437 
Late & 

Jamaica N. York. Taetfl, 
Africa. India. Far East 01-797 
2162/0669 ABTA 

COSTCUTTERS ON ffights/holl 
to Eurrew. USA A nMdtsHna- 
tkm. Djptofnal TPswsb 01-730 

N/TORK Miami LA. CheopeM 
tore* an malm US- schsdulsd 
content. Also transatlantic 
Charters A (Ughta to Canada. Ol 1 
684 7371 ABTA- 
PUUMN A HHP to wamsr 
estates? Akw A WhoaUr 
spectallaD In UghtwHgM stats A 
doming. Ready-to-wear and M- 
rookc. 44 McradBy. LONDON. 





class vflts. even at Hie 
mtaide. We haw probably 
the finest selection ta the 
Mediterranean, on Corfu. 
Crew. Pans. Algarve. South 
of France . Italy - on the 
beach or with pool All have 
maid, some a cook. Price*? 
From the very expen si ve to 
the ntrpmimly modem. 


cv rwvarn^ 



SOUTH OP FRANCS, prtvale vfl- 
las all wtth swtanniDB pacta, 
same avaUabHRy August id 
£i^oo£i boo way Palmer* 
Parker <049481) 5411 

June Bargain*. sOB MM Mgb 

season avaUabUUy. Just France. 
103731 826283. 

5,W,FRANCS < Gironde) Farra- 

4.6. £100-£180 p-w. OH tact- 
Tet 01-834 3148 n» 



PAX Ok, Gtaos. Sek etaertap 
houtr. sips 2-6. avail 27 Mu. 
3rd June. Corfu a La Carte 
0638 30621. 

CORFU BAROAIH £199 1 rt. 
£169 2 wk* tor a bcaouru vii- 
Ian nr the sea ut * BUi Jreie Ex 
Gatwick. Ring Pan World Hob- 
days 01 734 2662. 

RNODCS Special after May 21 toe 
lux apt hob. £149 ik aba 
28/8 * 4/6 Tel: SHM 0706 

OR88C1 Urapaflt bland*, cheap 
flWMS-vina reotab etc. Beu» Hal 
May*. 01-434 1647. AM AUo. 


racmA/CAPRLAii gradn or n» 
•Ns * ehanaer penuera. 
HoUday Manta 014364383 


A villa, a pool and a besulihd 
view. WhM nor* could you 
want? Choose man Tuscany. 
Sardinia or RavcHo - me tovetJ- 
er parts of Italy where the rare* 
market oper a tors rtotrt go. Or 

rorablne ■ villa holiday wtth a 

stay ta Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic of RNy. DM T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green, wi? pq 
Tel. Ol 749 7449 (24 In 
service ) 






villas A Apartments (ram 
£196 per week. 

Ckfl How 

0923 674310 

la also 6. p«h 6 maM. July lO - 
24 only. £490 pw. Tel: MaylOl 
734 *416: levee) 0689 36648. 

Hobdays of tttatacapn tor me 
very lew. Tec 01-491 0802- 73 
St. James's Street. SWi 
ALflMMl vma with poM and 

VALE DO LORO. 9 badm vflia 
with POOL Avon IMay - Oct Rtag 
Ol 580 4512. 


NCARXAVEAex-mrtntKMnc sleep 
6. pooL eta beach. AvaB daus ta 
June. ML Sept OT 226 7882. 


WOK HWN B R In a ftMxfly 
French tomXy- Good Mod. to- 

■tn glea a* age*. Abo Study • 
iinuiraany oatwt. saatidt 
Teenage Grom A Cnelnry 
Week*, s^e. to Ftotb Asen- 
cy. O nena Lane AnunlaL 
(0909) 883882.* 


ouertagand bad A braoktoNen 
two country in u u and torm. 
Lovely eetttap. <06479) 

BRtXMAM HARBOUR taauac cot- 
tage with sunny patio A garage. 
From £90 pw, 0803 846080. 


LYWtBTON. Oueiocatunintten 

May 94 to 91. Keeps 6. mm 
POOL £lta Tet 0690 72068. 
W PORUT- O eo mtam r 1 me SC 
Rsl Stpe *. CH TV. Wadi 
mata- 9K- Jtdy. Aup. Sot 
£120 pw. Teh 0308 869009. 

HLC or mmacot attached OM- 

toge. sleepe 6. avatkaUe 
June/Sept TettD929) 480648 


Stacpa 6. secluded ectttap. be- 
side wen known garden, 
boattag pond. £ioo pw. tor de- 
■aus phone: (Golpy) 04644 327 

lodpe with ftshtap lo let Bor 
■rata 13 people) from 27th July 
to 2* August 1986. Satan, sra 
trout & brown trout Ashing on 
Hirer Canon 6 Scnmn. Rent: 
£800 per wee k. Ple ase contort 
JHHt Ol 629 7382. 

Uons. OMtaat S/C 8 due 
bedrm. 3 Mfarm houee. Idythc 

to Iona. From raoo pw. Broch 
9Setwood PlaceSW7 3QQ Ol 
370 6224 or 078688 282 


BATH FESTIVAL accommoda- 
Mon. laan Place Hotel. 
Central. Sumptooosly Nepwd 
IBth Cent HOUM. 0226 63816. 


CRWSC Turkey 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wta Jaw 3/17 
£366. whole bom avaUabie eth- 
er wee ks from £!OOa tnc 
fUs-tood-w /sports. Ol 326 
1006. AM 2091. 


TAKE TIME DPT lo Parts. An- 

Geneva. Berne. La u s ann e. The 
Hague. XMrita. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe. Time Oft. 2a. 
Cherter Close. London. SW1X 
7BQ. 01-235 8070 
6VFRIM May /June 1 or 2 wu 
Hotels/ Apia. Scheduled (Ughtv 
Pan World Hobdays 01 734 



283 ACT XXXIX OF 1928. 
Probate Caw No. 68 la. OFl 

in Uw mans- or Sh. Ran Oml 
ONr R/o F I l South ExSentaotal 
Pact n_ N. DetaL tl e maa ed. 

WHEREAS MhntofUrla 
c harily through Mother M. Tere- 
sa PraMent PC society (under the: 
aodaaa R e g l stiall n p Act 1860M 
havtag IM Regd office at 54 /aJ 
Lower Ctrcolar Road. Calcuna-C 
16. 2) Mother M- reran. 54 a] 
LoworClrcular Read. Caicnita-16 
hare made an mic a tlnn to Rib 
Ctaal under Section 278 A 232 of 
the In d i a n Bueeastinn Art. 
xxxzx er 199& tor Mdtora of Ad- 
ii ib ta ha t k ui or the Wfl of Ran. 
Du Dhlr. deceased, to br vtaNtdl 
to the jMOtoaen. named ta flwl 
29th day of Mar. 1986 bu been! 
Bxed tor henrim the said appUra-: 
Hen befbr* Shrl SJL vohra. 
Deputy Rejbtrar of tab Com as| 

11 AJML Bus rtnttau b lowed, in 
term of Section 283 o t the sold, 
Art. to all persons daduta g to] 
hare any Interest ta the coble of 
the said deceased to come and eecj 
the prveredtaps In the tout on 
me date specif led above before, 
me gram of Letters of 
Ad ” 

Oven .. „ . _ . _ _ 

■eta of the High court at DcBH at 
New Defld Uta 23rd day ef ApriL 



pureoant to Section 688 of Ihc 
Companies Act 1985. that a Meevi 
tap of Hie Credtton OT the above- 
named Company wfll Be held aM 
Unit 23. Find Avenue, DcnMphl 
west. Bletctdey. Mtaon Keyats 1 
on Friday aom May 1986 al I2i 
noon, for the purposes menHonedJ 
In ScctkBM 689 aad 690 of me< 
«6 Acl __ 

Detrd mb 16Ui day of May 1986. 


In the matter of K C L cast Wert 
fUKl LimBed and ta the matter of 
the Companies Art 1948. 
NOTTCE IS hereby gtve» that by 
n order of Hie HIGH COURT of 
Justice dated 22 Marti 1984 Mr 

Godden. Chattered MUM ol 
Cork Gully. 66 Sheep Sheet. 
Northampton NN1 2NF has been 
nppomied UauMaier of the above 
named Com pany . 

Dated tab 16m day of May 1986 
N-R-B- Godden 

By Order of the HIGH COURT of, 
JusHot doled me 29th day of No- 
vember 1986 Mr Mefryd L. Rose. 
F.CA of Ltdpra House. 260 
Kmartmy Road, leedee. NW9 
OBS ms been appohued Ltouktn- 
tor of the above-named Conmany 

Dared mb 12m day of May 1996. 

By order or Hie HIGH COURT OF 
justice data (he lOUi day of 
June 1986. Mr Metvyn L- Rum. 
F.CA Lldera House 250 
Kingsbury Road. London NWS 
OBS. has been appotaied Uookta- 
tor of (hr above-named Co mpan y 
wntmul a Commllire of 

DkMd BUS HI day pf May 1986. 

By onwr of Ibe HKM COURT on 
JUSTICE dated the 290i day of 
April 1986 Mr Mdvyn I- Raee. 
F.C A of LMtRi Moure. 260 
Kingsbury Rm 4. London NW9 


tor of (he above- named Company 
wffliout a Commute of tprawcHOM. 

Deled Ota 1st day of May 1986. 

CowtiBneJ on page 'tf 




The Classified Advertisement Department 
will be dosed on: Monday 26th May- 

Advertisements for the issues o£ . 




Rivals of Clark 
set sights on 
improving form 

By Mitchell Platts 

As Howard Gaik moves into 
die Whyte & Mackay PGA 
Championship az Wentworth 
today on the crest ofa wave, soa 
number of his rivals wOI be 
hoping to recover their form. 

Paul Way, the defending 
champion, and Sam Torrance 
have yel to strike their true 
form; Nick Faklo continues to 
End changing his swing a labori- 
ous and frustrating challenge - , 
and even Sandy Lyre insists be 
needs to ta more consistent. 

Way detected signs in the 
Peugeot Spanish Open last week 
that his rehabilitation is im- 
minent after, successive failures 

in Cannes and Madrid followed 
a first-round dismissal in the 
m Grand Prix. 

In truth. Way, hampered by a 
problem with bis tonsils uid 
adenoids throughout last sum- 
mer, has suffered bade and band 
injuries already this year. So he 
hopes that memories of his extra 
time win. against Lyle bee 12 
months ago win revive his 
game. M I know Tm good enough 
to come bade/ so rm not too 
disheartened, just frustrated by 
mypoornm," Lyle said. 

Toe Kent golfer, aged 23, has 
Misters on his hands from 
practising, though there are few 
players who 'put in more time on 
the practice range than Tor- 
rance. Even so, Torrance has 
been mystified by some of his 
performances this season. 
Faldo's prebfem was made. all 
the more perplexing by his loss 
against Ove Sellberg, ol Sweden, 
in the first round at Chepstow. 
His record in the PGA 

Championship — he won the 
title in 1978, 1980, and 1981 - 
could inspire a recovery. 

The prestige value of the PGA 
Championship is such that it is 
annoying that the perennial 
problem concerning appearance 
money has led to Severn# 
Ballesteros and Bernhara 
Langer not competing. 

Lyle's decision to compete is 
an exemplary one, because, as 
far as one can gather , he i s not 
receiving a penny in appearance 

The Open champion is 
surprisingly not entirely sat- 
isfied with his performances in 
the United States this season, in 
spite of his victory in the 
Greater Greensboro Open at the 
start of April. Lyle feels that he 
must be more consistent and, on 
his return home, be was dis- 
appointed to lose to Clark in the 
semi-finals of the Epson event. 

Ken Brown, who has recently 
returned from the US, was 
compelled to withdraw from the 
tournament because of a thuml* 
injury. “I jarred my left harur 
practising in Houston three 
weeks ago," he said. *Tve had 
electric shock treatment and 
I've been taking aspirins to try 
and get the inflammation down. 
But K doesn’i fed right and I just 
hope it improves quickly 
enough. lo defend my title in the 
FourSiars tournament at Moor 
Park neat week- The nest dale 
on my calendar is the pre- 
qualifying round for the US 
Open on June 3, but I even 
consider myself doubtful for 
that now ” 


head for 

Non-league football 
By Paul N« 

By Paul Newman 

Halesowen Town's three-year 
campaign to win a place in the 
Southern League appears about 
to end in success. The West 
Midlands League champions 
foiled to earn promotion two 
tears in succession because their 
facilities were not up to stan- 
dard, but after making substan- 
tial improvements., particularly 
to their pitch, they now seem 
certain to ta accepted. 

With attendances regularly 
approaching 1,000, Halesowen 
are easily the best supported 
dub beneath the upper levels of 
□on-League football’s pyramid 
structure. They have won their 
league title four years in succes- 
sion and over the same period 
have played in three FA Vase 
finals, two of which they have 

Leamington, Oldbury United, 
Andover and Do r chester Town 
will all be relegated from the 
Southern League if suitable 
replacements are forthcoming 
from the nine “feeder^ leagues. 
The resignation of RS 



John Kng, the manager of 
Altrincham, who won the FA 
Trophy at WemWey an Sat- 
urday, has resigned. King, who 
had managed the Gob Lea) 
dab for move than two years, 
wants to spend move time on his 
scaffolding business. George 
Romey, hn assistant, has taken 
temporary charge ef team affairs 

Southampton means there are 
five promotion places available. 

Eight dubs are in contention 
for them: Halesowen, Gredey 
Rovers and Alherstoue United 
(West Midlands League); 
Buckingham Town and Irth- 
h Diamonds (Nene 
Group United Counties 
League); Hounslow (Hall's 
Brewery Hellenic League); 
Steyning Town (Sussex County 
League); and Paget Rangers 
(Midland Combination). 

To bring their structure into 
line with the Vauxhall-Opel and 
Multipart leagues, the Southern 
League will expand (heir pre- 
mier division this summer from 
20 to 22 dubs at the expense of 
the two regional divisions, 
which will be reduced from 21 
dubs to 20. RS Southampton's 
departure means that only 
Gravesend and Northfleet will 
be relegated from the premier 

While the Southern League 
continues to prove the most 
successful section of the pyra- 
mid. problems remain in the 
north. The Multipart League are 
still refusing to form a regular 
promotion and relegation link 
with their two “feeders", the 
North West Counties League 
and Northern Comities East 
ie, and are pressing ahead 
witn a controversial plan to 
form their own second division 
in a year's time. 

Ken Marsdcn, the Multipart 
League's chairman, said: “The 
gap between us and the two 
leagues remains too big for us to 
gram automatic promotion and 

In the other section of the 
pyramid, the Vauxhall-Opd 
League hope to increase their 
membership by two dubs this 
summer. Cbertsey Town are 
likely to be promoted from the 
Combined Counties League and 
Collier Row are hoping to move 

up from the London Spartan 
I i»agiu» 

Bany Fry -is back at Barnet as 
only 16 months after 
to join their Go la League 
rivals Maidstone United. 


New rule 
its toll 

Minor Counties cricket 
By Michael Berry 

Minor Counties cricket, b ereft 
of its overseas players under a 
new rule banning all non- 
English qualified cricketers, en- 
ters a radical era this summer. 
While the inclusion of overseas 
players in the English game has 
long been a source of debate, the 
decision to exdude them is 
laudable in motive yet question- 
able in its effect. 

Oftte 20 championship sides, 
all but seven lose a foreign 
import. Hertfordshire, one of' 
those -not affected, are the best 
example of a successful side 
made up of home-grown play- 
ers. They disappointed in 1 9851 
but could again challenge for 
honours this year, probably’ 
their' last under the shrewd, 
captaincy of Frank CoDyer. 

By way of contrast, 
Cambridgeshire will perhaps 
suffer the greatest consequences 
of the new legislation. They 
have lost Derick Parry, the 
former West Indies Test player, 
who scored 486 runs and took 
53 wickets for them last year, 
and have engaged two pro- 
fessionals, Chris Lethbridge, 
from Warwickshire, and Mir 
dud Garaham, (he former 
Gloucestershire and Leicester: 
shire wicketkeeper. 

Other nuyor signings indude ' 
two- former England players, 
Barry Wood and duns OkL 
Wood has joined Cheshire, the 
1985 champions, to replace 
Mudassar Nazar, white Old has 
been recruited by Northaraber- 

New captains have been in- 
stalled at both Shropshire and 
Bedfordshire. Stuart Mason, 
aged 37, a former professional 
footballer with Liverpool, leads 
Shropshire, while Bedfordshire 
have appointed Mike Morgan 
to replace Ian Peck. 



England must 
keep their ,, 
eye on the ball 

By Joyce Whitehead 

England Under-2 1 are to train 
this weekend at LflteshaU in 
preparation for the women's 
international tournament in 
West Germany in early June. 

It is accepted that the Conti- 
nental countries are playing a 
much “harder” type of game 
than we are used to in the British 
Isles — but it is difficult for our 
players to know what they will 
ta up against until they experi- 
ence it. Then, it might well be 
too late. 

A lesson could be learned 
from the experiences or Ipswich, 
who are beck from their first 
International Clubs tournament ^ 
in The Netherlands. They bad'"' 
their eyes opened. Having 
trained religiously for 12 
months and improved their 
skills 'and understanding of the 
game out of all recognition, they 

nevertheless looked lightweight 
and slow whenfoced with teams 
from The Netherlands, West 
Germany and the Soviet Union. 

When the ball was hit by the 
Ipswich players it could be 
followed from sender to re- 
ceiver, but the speed and power 

of- the Continentals made the 
ball invisible to the naked eye. It 
is this, plus a direct form of 
tackling, which rives Conti- 
nental hockey its advantage ?nd 
could be the difference between 
matches being won or lost 

nO-30 to 5.0 Of 530) 
CMiTBBUffK Kant * kxfais 
< 11 . 0. 102 oranq 
CHELMSFORD: Efmx v Yorkshire 
LOmrSc Mddaaax v Glamorgan 
TRENT BRUME: MoNngg n a M m v 
I fi t eflirti t if ff t *Y 

TAUNTWfc Somonrat * GkwcBatanHre 

HOVE; Surtax r Surrey 
EPG8ASTDH: Ufttate toH rg v Ncrft- 

U to ca teM tefta w La» 

asfttf e 

cmwog* iMwatiy * 

•£«■ IN I CfMMPnNSHft CHatt*. 

y Lanca shiral 

HmojMte: ym«»b y Northampton* 


CTOQ O^Part raaanetournamant • 

Sgy=J^gP. T «R»y m Burnham ara 

Brtteh woman's otvett tow- 

icmK Framed second 
iwBtrtltePMrtoflionsc^ Klur ' 




H: ■ 







i V 


f- • 


/... . . '• 
5 - - 

! F- ' 

JDAY MAY 231986 


0 |) ^ Bale leads 

*g kh the way 

° Uf t With sWn 



- Smart Bale led the top four 
seeds jnto ihe gaaner-fiw»k of 
we - credential international 
tour nament at P^dington yes- 

q T«*uaingirj;n yes- 


I . P^*^^draop^iusetto ihe ■ Supercoombe is. napped to when the ground is riding soft 
*2. rt^ s S5r riS:E, ? e, y- : sustain Paul Cole’s excdJem ask was that day.' 

- was SMurt to die scasop frpm his Now 1 am hanking on a high 
£ new iiase * .Whatcorobe by drpw. not preveming 

!- Evenso,ST^SJqSS '^ n,n8 lhe: Cedar Maiden Supercoombe from living up 
<. v DacylXiieeves. the -firit- -* akes at Pontefract this eve- to bis' early promise* and he 
ish No. 4 despite having made* ■ should beat -Highest Praise, 

•. neryoos. ataa^ . holding a set ByJohn deCodmbijJiorse Chief Pal and the disappoint- 
c f : M that Cole trained fo the mgBoafy. . / 

.15- Prix de la Sakmandre at 7™» Again, a fate with- 

Cole’s ran of 

Tralthee enhances 
Oaks prospects 

t- mar m_ Australia.. was upset by 
¥ sane odd fine, calls. the 
3- mare decisive factor ^was Bale's 

el- ability .to increase his mo- 

£* men tutu when - required- with 
some sharp serves andvoDeys. 
V Today Bale faces. Chris Pen, 
- ofLancashire. who surprisingly 
' heat Stephen Boriteld in straight 

l* se& Botfiekt was raied the most 

u i m proved- player :on -the recent 

. Alfred, the- No. 2 seed, will 

Longcbamp,- my selection is 
out of a mare by Mummy's 
Pet,, who has already bred- that 
accomplished sprmterArdrox 
LadT That alone suggests that 
Supercoombe will be in his 
element • now racing * over 
today's distance of six 

Further encqurafeeraeht for 
my selection can be found at 
Thirsk earlier this’ month. - 

sf come up against- either Martin .Thirsk earlier this" month 

Fi htut. Ndl Berwick, and another “V™ behind Latch String; 
V* -Australian. Mike Baroch, the who was the medium of a 
#* Na.4 seed-faces Dean Botha, of successful gamble, and 
1 5omh Africa. - Glikiaa Mou. 

& rw, h;« I— 



its to! 

stamp SBate « 0Gra«es (Aus). S3. 7- 
, B: (TPastU S BadtoM, 6-2, 6-3: J GoodaB 
«*■ S^Bigleman, SQ.6-ti lYPotwkSc (Aust 
fX «P Rusted 6-S; OB«ha 
nr:- L Onto* 7-8, -S-l; M Baroch (An 
- SfrSVfAus). 7-5. 64;' L Alfred btC „ 

WOUSta^SMCLCS: TTtetf-rocnd: J 
Salmon h S Wltheman. 6-2. 8-0; J Taeora 
W S te«WlB nnooj. 7-5, 7-8: K 
Bo w adownriofBflM MOI Natale. 8ft 6*1; , 
T CatUn hi C BBtewham. 6-1 2-8. 6-3: A 
Gnjrsatt.W -A. Sshop, &A 6-1: S 
-Nctvtaon (to)- tt-B -Stain. 6-1. 6-2; C^ 7«0V^w j 
(SA) wjb. D Pairs. war. 

On his only appearance last 
season- Supercoombe came 
out the best of those drawn on 
the stand side at Doncaster 
but as we have come to realise 
those drawn high on- Town 
Moor are invariably at a 

to his' early promise, and he 
should ' beat -Highest Praise, 
Chief Pal and the disappoint- 
ing Booty. 

Then Again, a late with- 
drawal' from Wednesday's 
Predominate ' Stakes" at 
Goodwood' runs instead in 
the Walnut EBF Stakes. The 
significance should not be 
missed even though today’s 
opposition includes Cresta 
Auction, Amongst The Stars 
and Auction Fever, all throe 
useful performers with com- 
mendable credits - to their 
naraealready this season.^ ■- 
- Unlike them. Then Again 
has not run tins Spring. How- 
ever. this well-bred colt, who : 
was a decisive .'winner at the 
Cprragh last Summer when he 
was trained in Ireland, is 
expected to become one of 
Luca Cumanf s best weapons 
this season and be is preferred. 

No matter how -he fores at 
■ Haydock in the . afternoon, 
Brent Thomson's dash across 
the Pennines should bear fruit 
in the GA Famdon Racing 
Ltd Handicap Slakes with a 

-Tralthee raced into the Oaks 
pfctare frith a smooth victory in 
the Sheraton Park Toner Lope 
Stakes at Goodwood yesterday 
and HiHs, the bookmakers, have 

yesterday's race, hut was dearly 
outpointed and only *. Inst 
snatched second place from 
Land of Ivory, who did not Stay 

and Hitts,- the bookmakers, have the mile and a quarter and has 
dramatically red need her Epsom already been taken' bat .of the 

.price from 25-1 to M. - - - — Oaks. 

Pat Eddery moved Tralrbee. 
ap to track the pace-making 
favonrite. Altiyna, as soon as 
they got into the straight, jwb). 
her ahead inride the last quarter 
mile and won, looking romid. by 
two and a half lengths. The 

leading jockey immediately 

admitted that be would be happy 

to ride Tralthee in the Oaks, 

. Bara Cmnani. wife of the 
trainer, Luca, said: “That was a 
ray good performance; very 
pleasing and Tralthee really 
likes better ground. She’s al- 

The.wiud and -sap had dene a 
wonderful job in drying ottt the 
racecourse, so saturated on 
Wednesday, ' and - ooodifions 
looked qpiie decent by the time 
Vague Shot won the opening 
event, the Mail On Soday 

Handicap. ■ 

The well backed 9-4 favourite; 
making light of a 5Tb penalty' far 
his recent Kempton -snceeas, 
easily shook off his market rival 
Tobago Dancer Car a comfort- 
able three- lengths win. The 


f«rtw«s hare takeSla 

ads m iJODt but she ifes it very — . , , r u., ». H . r 

SLn Cb. .onW on A «, prooeimced torn far the better 


' f -T 

■ - Everett, who is fancied to initiate a Towcester double for Fnlke Waiwyn. 

-After three races in much runner HauwmaL who was a The winner of similar races 
better company. Triple Bluff most emphatic winner -first- at Windsor and. Haydock last 
now looks poised to . strike. Time ..out. this season at year. Philosophical certainly 
from ofFiris-first mark in the LingfiefaL ran well enough in a race won 

handicap*. His only "run this .' TTAboveail else at Haydock it by the useful' Barley Bill ar 

well. She settles nicely and we 
(hink she will get the mile and a 
half at Epsom. She warned this 
race today, she's been really 
woolly all sprite; mul only 
recently- got a decent coat.* 1 . . 

this season, has now had : eight 
winners and he said, “Vague 
Shot will now go to Royal Ascot 
Tyrone WUtiams, hungry for 
winners, has never ridden a 

Altiyna, one of five Michael stronger finish than 1 the power- 
Stoute Tillies still holding the fid effort that got Lanrie-Lonnan 
Oaks engagement, displaced home by a neck al 12-1 in the 
Tralthee as favonrite for Racel ine Handicap. 

nandicapi; His only run this . ADoveall else al Haydock it bv the useful' Barley Bill at — ; 
season,' which; was behind Sir / invariably pays lo follow ran- Nottingham last month to fan 

Dilemma for Irish stewards 

From Our Irish Haring Correspondent, Dublin 


considerable- - disadvantage winning ride on Triple Bluff- 


Going: soft . 

Draw: low numbers best 

Percy- at - Newbury, was cer- 
tainly not at all dish&rteriing/ 
At Haydock Thomson will 
be on Sigy's half-brother Ha- 
ber in the Sydney Sand on 
Stakes. But after that rather 
disappointing performance at 
Chester where he finished 
much further behind Night 
Out Perhaps than he had done 
at Newmarket on worse terms 
J now prefer Dick Hem's 

ners trained by the Newmar=- ~ the ■ flames of hope that she 

ketffased Michael Jarvis. 
Today Stormy Prospect (4.0) 
and Quinta Reef (5.0) can 
keep his fen club in a content- 
ed frame of mind by landing a 

- The -best bet on the Lanca- 
shire course. though, should 
be Philosophical to land an- 
other gamble in the Stretford 
Selling Slakes • - • - - 

would oblige again just as 
soon as she was dropped in 
class. And this is the occasion 
ive have been waiting for. 

Finally, at Towcester it 
should pay to follow Fulke 
Waiwyn and his able jockey 
Kevin Mooney, who can land 
a double with Everett (7.45> 
and Troop Leader (S.45L 

Both rides, will he represented, 
by senior counsel when the 
stewards of ihe Turf Club meet 
at 1 0am today to bear an appeal 
concerning the outcome of last 
Saturday's Irish 2.000 Guineas. 

After Flash of Steel had 
beaten Mr John by three-quar- 
ters of a length the stewards 
inquired into possible interfer- 
ence but made do alteration. 
The losing owner, Mr Michael 
John, has initiated this appeal. 

Yesterday afternoon it be- 
came known' that one of the 

official film patrol cameras had 
been dosed down and that the 
stewards had been obliged to 
make'use of the pictures faken 
by Irish Television for their 
side-on view of what had 

It was these pictures which 
appeared to show that Flash of 
Steel was approximately I Vi 
lengths in front before he started 
to veer across towards the far 
rail that helped, lo* ..settle, the 
mailer in the winner’s Javour. 

417' 04M44 THXTCHVILLE (U»d Matthews) I ManMws 4-8-6 W Woods 0)4 

418 OMCOO SUCKS BOLT (B)tC)(8F} {Mrs J B*ndsfl)J Bsffy 4-7-10 MftyS 

. 7 11-4 F orma t u na. 7-2 T hatc h Wo. 9-2'Fa loons, ff- i Conmayjo. B-t . Vfindpipe,' 
Baton Boy, 12-1 OOiora. 


20 D40 RUN BY JOVE) 

21 000- XUKEUAJmr 
23 000- QURRAT ALAI 

)S Norton M — 

eraWB-a. — LChamocfel 

astertjy.M .. — .Gdnwp]4 

Another -stage KELEHS MAIDEN fiujesstakes ( 2 -y-o: £ 1307 : sq o 

for Bontempi s » 

War 8-11 

ZZJ- . iio n LWAC M0fl% ijooSTST^'ccm^) w 

won' the fitial sprint in the f]pravCASminEiii^iiii4)sth<it8io MyGBea(8-ii)atYork 
eleventh stage of the Giro Stay Low(B~z ) at Doncasa 

Saronni retained Ifee pink iersev ' ' ' , •- 

4tsth ot8to Jay Gu a »-ii) at York 
3rd Of 17 to stay LowfaZI at DoncasU 
l (8-t.l) btn-171 when 6ft toGtewottfl 



, £2357,0000, 

)at Nwwcastto 

■- r 

,j Saronni retained the pink jersey 
asoveralb leader, ;• 

life secodd . win foir 
Bontempi. ^ed 26, following 
his victory on the -seventh stage.-' 
« He oulsprihfeff Johan Van Der 
fc- Velde'. oTThe. Netherlands, and 
his compatriot Paolo Romka, 
j- : The Ameriran chaHeiwer, Greg 
LeMond, was fiflh. . 

2J0 STRETFORD SELLING STAKEB(3-Yr6:eiA44: 7T 40yd) (13) 
m 060-000 w felS D^ir c n v^icZ~~L jSS® s 

S10 3353M STANG RAV^fflaDgra wOwracaia RBossVfl MVWNr S 

Si « 

214 22-3220 COOPER RACMQNAH. rpTS^7j^8-rT^~ 


44) NEWTON JIAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £2^13: 1m4f)(8) . - 

S63 ' 4 - AlAHM CAUL (USA) (Sftd fcl i Mn la ttwid) G Harwood 9-0 B Sfrrtaf 6 ■ 

.505 2M BEYBARS laioftft Mahamn»iO W Ham 1W8__™ WCn«iS 

815 8 BAJESnClANKJBeiH® MVte <«on)GPrltchara-Gorclon91)ODufWkl7 

516 - —nOBn QUAY IW JnnMj .1 fiprurinn M ... niBrhalt.9 

578- ' 4 NWMS® {H H Sa^TNortwi 5C JIM nl 

520 60 SHmOURlfe m ^vi)CHan«0(x] 5C. AtawfeO 

522 - - 3 STORMY PROSPECT IK RscheO M Jan4s 9-0 ! T (vm 3 - 

520 00 NAUTICAL srePlACaixMrteo)0 5andoMo511 : JRoU4 

11-8 Sunny Proapect; 3-1 Beybars, AttrmGeB. KM SNpbouna. 13-1 Nadu. 15- ^ 
loibani.. . ! 

Going: soft 

Draw, fow rtunfoers best 

6.45 SYCAMORE STAKES (2-Y-O fillies: £2,400: Sf) 
10 runners) 

1 01 KVNS FUTURE mWPaareaM NCowwrtoo7 

3 00 BRIARQUEEN W Bwittey 8-4 DMchatelO 

5 FR£V OFF M H Eastern* 54. H Birch* 

6 3 GLOW AQABt J Etttemgton 84 M Wood 6 

0 KATIE SAYS J Etncnngcon 54 — 5 

13 04 WNBEN LASS M Bniaki 54 — 1' 

M- 002 PMOR-WELLfimil WEasurBy 54 KHodaoa9 

IS - 0 ROSEMEAOWPf«gaMB4_' QOufieU2 

18 SHADYBLADEKSuraM ; Ctteyer8 

22 • 0 SUE FOREVER RWtataker 84 _____ DHcKaonS 

Prior Wai. 5-1 

AM*?. Sri A 

10-1 Rose Meadow. 12-1 others. 


.RESULT: - Ctovtuth 

• .a* 1 

• - •• "** 
i .; : ~ «r> 

ftasaro w 

Casegbooe del Logo. l» nates. ptaHan 
' Unites anted): 1, Q Boqtempt ^hr 32rnin 
«bms S. J Van BaMMdsrNedi}.' 3, P 
■ 1totdtejAShicco:S.TVteLVBtttMstfifc& 
S Cotarts: 7. Q LeMoed ^ Soria' 
(SwB): 9rR,P*gn« ttkJ-VOB0wtv (pein>, 
M sam e - fa te as BontatwpL- - 

rfc#^**** «i m : 

lwtnte;pr«wioum^11)3CmonOtoMirandaJute8iEi»Qmin(Mf7f11ytUiirE171& *...002. 000O-1fl CAP6AflflJTYPQUW)(l8|MP0iam)N8vcniK9-7 M HkU~d»*H7)7 

AMeatey.n ■ 
i_wS WMtentti? 

LChanoc|i.5 : 0)2iy3rdd9to Ueightad 

■den Heights (9-0) at Qnlti{l m3ri50yds.C11 71. 

backward wMh 12K»i 5th to RcMMXWBfH)) at, 
STWrlim: NADJ»^8kl»mwKL*faB4aJ 
)»mx SMPBOURjfenewm a chaJw^igpo,.. 
pteced tochteange when 1 DiLWyit Jff loBrat 
Good to soft. May 5V. STOflMY PROSPECT [9- 

Pontefract selections . - 

By Mandarin 

6.45 Glow Again. 7.10 Miss Apex. 7.35 Triple 
Bluff. 8.5 Trojan Way. 8.35 Then Again. 9.05 

30 030 MOLLY PARTWDGE Capt J Moon 7-1D_ - N Canale 9 

.31 000- GffiBBhSN M PraacM7-K> i HFry 6 

114 Triple Bluff. 3-1 Sedustve. 7-2 Rim By Jkwe. 5-1 Bold 
Bordens. B-t Motty Partridge, 10-1 Lady BnL 20-1 oheo. 

STAKES (£1,870: 1m 41) (13) 

1 -220 LEON (DJ NTrtder 4-9-11 Kin TWttor |7) 12 

4 QUO FS4CHURCH COLONY IIHEastertw 596. M Bireh 4 

6 30-0 TROJAN WAY RHohuhead 485 SPwtaTS 

7 W0- DONT WNO ME ID) W Hasfogs-Bass 


8 0/1- 1AKWO Jonrny Piagereid 4-9-2 -AMwnyl 

9 004 COUNTRY JIMMY. C TmMer 4-5-12 — — X Hodgson B 

10 2-40 NYOKM (BID Money 4^12 ! GOliflMdlO 

14 040- HOBOIMNES R Woodhouse 485 S KaiMley B 

" 16 100- RAM8JE J Ethenaaoa. 4-8-8 — : M Wood 6 

17 (H» tSfKHARA GBewtoy4«5_^. O Laadhttw (3) 2 

18 0000 14GHAII QREY (C-O) O Cnapman • 

10-850 Metals 7 

22 0020 CNMS1MAS HOLLY Mfs G Rewdey 560 AShouBsS 


' ^ 4-7-1 2LChamaek 11 

5-2 Lean. 4-1 Dorn Ring Me. Troian Way. 6-1 Latdno. 13-2 
Fancfanh Colony. 12-1 Cowitry jwwny. 15-1 Rarafltoi 

8.35 WALNUT EBF STAKES (£3.078; 1m 2f) (7) 

4 006 POL£MBnSffl} MB Jamas 7-58— Stenm James C 
13 -112 CRESTA AUCTION (BF) G Prttchard-Gorcton 

i-:it urrr • K ' RACING \ ; ] 

. •-•« cu.- »'= • Results from Wednesday's! 
. ®; . . three evening meetings , .- 1 

-. ■ Kpon : ^ 

• :'- £ Goinjp soft ■. 

Vfi £ “ ■ fc45M1. l«M**(A»Amay.t1-2fc2. 

; ri StomtJdT £4-116 3. Gwteaia i^dy (8^}. 
1- Jay Gw a i-a tor. 6 tw. NR: Echomg. 

- f- 

. . . -i- -«7=80.GSF:£905a- - ‘ 

a 7.10 (50 1. Grompy H3 Mchrtb 54 

".r lavtZ Spmi^MicKf^lkS. 

. - -r- - l).7rW.'N*kGMw I PnncM$SaH?' -2W. 

r' ;. ivj. Denys Siwev''1«8 : ffi.1<£1J0. 

-a-. £2BD:JCIF:eaB0.C8P.El1.5B. 

- <; = -n 

By QCTwm^CTnt^hden^- 

. 3-8-12GDafMd7 

•r.35 Gibberish. 8.5 Don* Ring Me. 8.35 Then 
T^in'. 9.5 Absolute- Master: 

.(£1,051: 1m)(1^ 

"•3 «*• WED O 0renteB4-5i. — — : — i-MBmman(71t 

.-..4-264 UBS APEX FYarOtey *0-7 IJehaion13 

6 -300 SOPHYS FOLLY J S WKsori 4^5 _ _ E Tumor (7) 9 

5 OW CHiOUmG in E WHUJ a vsi *-*#^: MTRysa* 

12 006 BUMXJNQ BED RWoadhouse 45-0 A Proud 1 

14-046 G8XAMB0HE B MtMenor 45-12 Tim 10 

15 400/ RECORD HAULER W l-lanh 4-5-12 S Lives 2 

19 000- EBOR GREY C Booth 4-8-11 RHHsll 

20 440- EMPIRE SANDS (B)BWBanmn 

- 7JS(1ro4flTJHnt Division (GOuHeM. 
9-2 4-tor); 2. Pedro 

ll;4.Siandon Md AWoaMft;tor. 
IB ran; 41. KL G PrecfWftfGoittot T«k 
£4.10;' E2ra m^o. DR 
E15.70. CSF: £41.41. Tncsst ESaiB. 

M5JW 1. Tl>pTW.(»gytoto 1 1t 
Khar {6-1): 3, Outlay Bay (WUB 
BaaMg HferV«3‘lM 12 ran Nte-Gtem 
Ruby. Shaftte’a -Wimpy. JfnWW. 

irta p A^rS. 13/an). • 

•' - ‘ 5~ •' 

Haydock selections . 7 - 

.. - .. ..... By Mandarin" : . . ’ . 

3.0 linn O'Dee. 230 Philosophical. 3.0 HauwmaL 330Formatnne. 
4JQ Stormy Prospect. 4J0Jmpafo La»- 5XlQmma ReeC 
By Our Newmaricet Correspondent' * 

2.30 Philosophical- 330 'Ttetqbvate.' 4.0 Stonny Prospect. 430 
Chautauqua. 5.0.Quinta Reef. • 

'-■By Midiael Seely 

3.30 Gurteen Boy. 430 SANPITTON PALACE (napV5.0 Rove. 

3.0 SYDNEY SAWXJN STAKES (3-Y-Cfc £3^74:181 40yd) (4) . 

311 020-1 !4lin»te4Lpto«»M(Y»7iTWrtWH8r7i9-2 WGm»3 

Sam 85 ! — G Brown 4 


' MtanpfltoUss.3-1 Chautauqua. 8-1 Kan addak 7-1 GoMan Gufldar.>l Wow 
VYOw WOw. 1(M Capaabfity Pound, 12-1 Santfinon Palace, 14-1 others. 

■ 355 J Lowe 1 

18 61- TMai AGAIN L Curoam 3-8^—i — R Guest 2 
21 0 ARROW OP LIGHT (U$A) O Dpueb 5-7-13— RMs3 


29 40* MISS LAURA IXEP FeigM 3-2*10- AMecfcayS 

• ’ 64 Citea Auction. MAicaan Fever.11r2 Amongst The 
Stan: 5-1 PoiemsM, i0-i was xaura Leo, .Than Agatv 12-1 
Arrow Ot Light ■■ 

9 3 CEDAR MAIDEN STAKES (3-¥-0?£779:«) (17) 

1 0-a AB9gUITEHASm<(B)M Jarvis so: -TmiO 

3 04- BtCXERMANM Prescott 95 GOotfieMIS 

5 -224 BOOFY J® C Nelson 95 JRMdS 

6 4- CHIEF PAL P Waiwyn 90 PaMBBdaryll 

10 033- GARDA’S GOLD M BROan 9-0 KDarfay7 

- 4-6-nQayKa0awayra7 12 0M WGME5T PRAISE RISA) l BattrwM—- J Matthias 4 

84 -603 PORAO E D te artay 35-70 — -- — ^ MBJteM 13 .3-0. MtAPHYS WNEBLS'A Jarvis M ONkMhS 

33 0033 TIE DABBER(B)G Hannan 3-7-13- G0«4fte«3 14 0300 OUAlitAR KING K S»neS5 SKteMaylfi 

34 00-0 PLATMM START Kersey 3-7-13 — J Lowe 6 J5 -234 ,RAAS(BF)SNonon56 -Ju>w3 

. 34 006 PLATMM START Kersey 8-7-13 — JUmfi J5 .-234 .(WAS 0F) S Nonon SO J Lowe 3 

- K 0000 COLOiCL'HAU. Mrs J Ramsden 3-7-11 MFiyS 16 0000 RH) ZULU L Ugtntrown 9-0 — E 

38- 006 GBWA LOUSE T Kersey 3-7-11 SCMds(7)12 . 17 003- - SKYBWO M Brmaro 96 A Bacon (7) 9 

- 100-30 Miss Apex. 4-1 Sophy's- Fofy, 5-1 Dorade. 11-2 f Cote jO.-^— -.^-. T Otero 14 

yujjcwnwsvtai.iw gi»w.j»._. -* S s%!f J 


7?5 G A FARNDON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3.052: 1 . . . B-ii notmkmner 2 

<™TrtJl rfvwwn V * 31 006 OMITS W AV WBuday 8-11— J L— . R (toast 13 

tntJP) . _ 32. 2M PACKAGE PERFECTwN T Tafnurst' 

4l^nw6 15 . -234. RAAS0F)S Notion 90 

_ MFiy S 16 0000 RS> ZULU L Ugtarown 96 

Ms (1)12 . 17 003-SKYBWDMBntun96 — 

ada. 1V2 18 0-3 SUPERCOOMBE P Cote 96 

tai-lB- ' « W« BSOCKOB McMahon ffll'-.. 

4 060 BOLD BORDERER JBq M Banshort 3-7 R Cochrane S 

6 006 SECUISIVEJC) C inkier 96 MWnodB 

13 006 TOTIE BLUFF (USA) B HBs 8-12— — BThomon 1 

17 060 LADY BTHTE Weymes 85 


5.0 BE FRIENDLY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3,282: 6f) (11) 

1 131000- VR.TASN (j Marshal) J Etnemgion 9-7 

: ** anatitei's Wmpy.. An rttage. 

.» / ft.- • M»d^A«»00™.^d*e^^ira«r 

• ha T Barron. Tow: £6 9th. £2-40 .PI .70, 

, »:• CL20. OF: *1830, CSF: £39.71. Yrta^C 

. . * / *± 118222.'. 

'* » £i -•3S«lrt)1. HodatmeUawaK Hocto 
^ son. 5-i torfcZ ABanad 3. Teed 
Boro (8-tt‘A IJ,. 1 *- : 

. > * WL. J^lyma ^ BldOy. ._T»DIb-T timing, 

" ^ ChaWisse m 2WJ4 W fjMvrtw- T Og 

gap; £1,30. cm qsq B MG.g 
£327^1 CSft £1254- Thcnt 061S1 . | 
Unex-Ramedflniehed 2nd. after atewanto 
^ , c.- • aiquaywasclnquaMied. 


S ?’ " ,pv ABnSMftSaUUW ! 

OF: £SBQ. CSF: E4.15. 

KCVf J' PtoceC¥*ES24S ! 

. \c OH ^ ' Newton Abbot -j 

^ , - v> Going; heavy 


■ *>. 

i .1: Df: ^0. -CSF: £18.74. Incest E38520. 

DF7?14.8a CSF: 69* .48- 

» s* ■ 7J»fim» 100yd heflo) 1. Mate Job 

.- 5u" ^TTh«TOooJc»iea.Ew^^^S^ 

ft. g»ttrsaB^ 

- r . ST • -• 

315 23 HABSf(FfWBF)(Aaoie)P1Bte96 B Thsra«n 1 

. 319 NORWC Pl£A»JRE(USA)(Slw*h Moheromed) B Hto96 R Street 4 

321 j OHTICA^MCterigJBhatington8-11.... . ■■■- M Wood 2 

• • -8-11 Hauwinid. 06 Habat, *-1 NonEc iPtoaaura, 146 Qrtica. 


06) 1X1 2nd of 

AMBERS 3rd (85) to 1 
to Wgra put Perhaps (l 



330 JOHN DA VIES HANDICAP (£4*D77: 7f 40yd) (?) 

403 M0406 -WBUPIPEpI* 
405 4008-20 BATON BOY W 
4 07. 20-mO C ONMXV J&IC- 
410 008160 BURTffiMBOY 

414 003-102 FORHATUNEO 

415 400644 FB LOOMS 
418 040600 MM.'SCHOICE 

PE ffiuha of Sutherland) J WWans 85^ ~ 

BOY (A Wraga) M BrtfiBn 5-9-6^.^ 1 

rXr(C-B‘ jjfeittj D Haydn Jones 555. 

0i BW p Crawford) R Harron 4-SM 

Itiffi ffl)(G WsreJJ D JatashnoT 4644, — 

IMS (BF) fT QuanYE Bdin 565 

MOCEfCHM eratanj M BittW 8-75-__ 

1. £959.000010. 
ester, previously 
.soft, Apr 17, IB- 

. DWbrapJI 
_ A KcdoneS 
WR O e te b u rnS 

A MacKey 7 

: KDartey 3 

l imm- VaTAlHOMarahaE) J Bnemgton 0-7 — R Cochrane 10 

4- 80-1 QUWTA ftfEF (Cjji(F Lae} M Jams 9-S Tlw»7 

'7 030121- TAX-ROY rmu SflWlB McMahon 9-1 JMBa(5)2 

8 016000 OMCiNG TOM (Up Turney) TFaslant 6-10 ... C Cum (5) 9 

10 30V 124 TOVE(PW«z4sNonoaM J Lowe 11 

11 2210hH QANriMG SARAH (Nora Chastnro Tradho) D Haydn Jone&55.-..JRaU 4 

'13 043062 PAMiAMCHWEUS(MroRSangGte4MW5asiBito 86 W Canon fl 

15 100 EASYLME(D)(BLasata)PHBStemB5^ ... NON6UNNER 6 

' 19 -IlfOO-' tMWNU7VEwUReenRNott)gfiaKf92 ACKtaaa(7J3 

■2D 066362 LOW H.YER CVan WK G Otooyd 7-12 - — LCtamochS 

21 00006 WLVKK BAipJto Rjjaia1quMl!KHannMl76 R Fox 1 

Tr-4 Rmanicft Wb*s. 3-1 GuWa Reef. 4-1 Low Firar. 5- J Row. 8-1 Tax-floy. ip. 
J-DanongSeran,12-1 Easy Une. .-14-l others. 


Going: good 

(£62& 2m) (15 runnere} : 

Vg ^ IS* tV* r? ii ^r J > *■*■ 

1 i; * «t »♦ »T» | TP. 1 i 1 1 1 W Iv 1 zj 


MM (33-1). 12 ran 12. 30- J 


.{£1 ,040: 2 pU( 21. dinners) • 

1 tee.’ i9 ran. NR: Ranens eoy. 

..Tore: S4.»k D*0. £240, XtM. 0* 
. ’ tl A0O. CSF: CS3B5. ; • ■- 

* ■: — , ad ram 21 CW 1, Phi Grey (Mr S West 

• 4'. Mucnme (9-2). M-ran. lift Site Men*. 

. Nolans. 7U1H. Jtes R £*&%. igvt 

• r - £ 1 00: f 120. £ara n.*6. OF: &0S3D- 

' 1 V yV. CSFiCfeTS. , 

^ tr BaOCmlBOvdlidiell.O??^ 10 ^™ 
S 1 • “*e ‘ (TPmimt, 36y4a*t 2. fli T7» JuolS4):. 
. .7 Abawn lmfiill.2). 64* A**f W 

•• 24 BOW. MENFORDfflM^Beltey 11.106 BPmro* 

‘ 27 0480 SWEET SOUCirOR (BMC) JSKsig ' 

■ , 7*1 06 Stole KnidB " 

- 28 0FB4. ROUMOGREYTCney 5-106.. i—. PCorrtoan(7) : 

• 29 060 ASCEJiBAR 5 R BberaiO 5-7 W) DSmtr 

30 P000'. OEyfl.’S GQLD R R5fi«pnwd 9106. MnOSnaStoBi 
; ■ 100-30 indametody. 4-1 Cheeky Rupert, 6-1 Charfrm. 7-1 
'Falkland, 0-l'Mranac. 10-1 Golden- Dteaous. ftoteo. 

(£2^95:^71 190yd) 110) 

• 1 3302 EVERE rT F^VBtojrn 11-12-7 K Mooney 


£2.40: £2jOO, S220. PFi 

£1A». . . 


-Gofrgpsodd • •' ■ 

A £?Sim6M2.70. W 

. ? eSFrfflfiida-TfKjttt S2B&&- «W* 

,.i atowards' itouky.Tesaa santts. 

; ; 

" ^ Tote: £2.10: £1-40. S160 PP ^320. CSR 
A , ^ABR m^J,Yth^WfJGn«^ 


25 QMB 
' 26 003 
■••28 1*6 
30 8648 
, 31 OOP 

. 32 OPSi 
. 34 -660 
-116 t 

. 8-lflfackt ■ ■ ... 

.Towcester selections 

By Mandarin ■ ■■ 

6.1 5' Inspired. 6.45 DuhaUow ■ Boy. 7.15 
Indametody. 7.45 Everett. 8.15 Gratification. 

8. 45 Troop Leader. . ‘ . • - . 

6.45 FERMQR HANDICAP CHASE (£1,752: 2m 

: 58yd)(9) . • • 

‘ 5 4 H) 

6 3400 
■ 12 3023 
■18 PBU0 

5.1 DuhaBow Boy. 4-1 FOTOtto, 5-1 Moon Dravner, 11-2 
06wr Aiahony. 7-1 raaUFana 9-1 Lucyter. 10-1 Bronwyn. 

8-1 M Mr T GroMton |4) 
4 P1P1 mmOJCmJ8 Kto 8-1Q-10 PScudrawre 


®JRJwtt»9-HML_Z — 

R WatayConen 11-105 S Sherwood 
(C-0)N A GaseJee 11-10-6 DBmme 
[t6)MtesL Bower . . 


16 P2PP ' FLYING JACKDAW. HO'Ne* 1fr106 kJhawoodt. 

18 0000 AYRESOME Mss SB-Brown 11-106 MnCTeMgfi 
- .. 54 atBraM-LUetesAjLl GoteHiood Lad. 8-1 Staunton. - 

8-1 Lata Night Extra. 10-1 Leadng Artist 12-1 HaBcrtOtoey.- 

' (Amateurs: £878: 2m 5f 110yd) (15) 

' 2 0341 GRATIFICATION FT WnMr 9-12-7. J MBmMock (7) 

9 0P08 JACK OF All. THADES (C-O) J S Datahooto. 

Goodwood results 


- SL30 llm) 1. VAGUE SHOT P pw*, 9- 
4k2.Jrt)aflp Dancer iQ Starkey. 5-2): 3. 
Att Mnni fW Carson, 12-1). ALSO RAN: 
5-1 Miranda Jute BA. 8-1 Barracuda Bay. 
10-1 Cosmic Fhrat 4A. 33-1 Marteflus 
SBl‘ 7 ran. 3. 2M. IW. a. 1»L C Horran . 
» BJBingbear. Tola: E3.70: £2.60, El 50. 
OF: ESTOl CSF: £7.63. Time: 1mm 

36 (Sf) 1. UUtflC UMMAN (T Wiliams. 
12-1); 2. Bom Bear (u bwj. 3. 
Reaped (C Rimer. 4-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 
tav BiVtafl Street Lady SA. 4-1 Ctantwne 
4ih. i2-f Broadwater Musia Younfl tnca. 
14-1 Arorox Lad 6dv 20-1 Ferryman. 25-1 . 
OubNn Lad. Period Tmaig. Parted Tim- 
ing. Oerry Rwar 12 ran. NR- Petrovich, 
wSbrr Brown. WipanaiJadB. BBt a ric. 21. 
5L M McCoud at Wartime. Tote: £32.90: 
ESSO. Ezm-tim W: tlOJJSO. CSF: 
JCB2.15.Tncash E33.16. 1mm Q£34sec. 

12 2040 

13 4IHJ WIMSeY (CjfaiMes K Thompson 


15 OOP BLUE PtAZ2AJWRedtern 4-106 II Pepper 

16 600 SABWA PARK R town 8-1 06 PFanteH) 

17 DU6 WILTCPI BEACON Oil J L hem 19106 — J A Karris 

20 2XO IB SNOW (»(I»RGray 11-106 GHartwW 

21 4200 DEAR RBM1SJL Karos 14-106 „ PTuc* 

3-1 GrangehB. 4-1 Son 01 Manado. 9-2 Goar Remus, 5-1 

Royal Opportunqy. 6-1 Severn Sound, BavaJ. 20-1 wimsey, 


(£1,527: 2m 41) (10) 

• 5 6132 BICICTSTAFFE (B) (Dl M W Eastorhy 5-11-7 ... P Duck. 

7 POO* SARENA PLAUCS [Bl T W Cwmntoam 

__ B-11 NDN4KJWEH 2 

31 006 OWL'S WAY WBandsy 911 L_H(taa«l13 

-32. 206 PACKAGE PERFECTION T Famirst' 

8-1 1 J CaBegtian (7) 17 
94 Supercembe, 3-1 Booty. 5-1 Chef Pal. 136 Qsocfco, 
15-2 rtgnest Praise. 9-1 Atsohita Master. 10-1 aKKarmgn. 12-1 
Others. ■ 

4 COPStdE HU. Mas J CampOei lO-TZ-7 j AusaicA (7} 

5 0- FALLALAW J P BfcX B-12-7 — 

6 06 FREE BONO R A BartieO 912-7 BBarMt(7) 

7 PP6 HUMMELMOOR A H Mactaggart 

9-12-7 B Mactaggart 0 

8 0/F- MANPOLLA M HaWi 10-12-7 M ffisgta (7) 

•”10* ’PAIHJTIICCORJBCKJWTIioitipson 9-12-7 — 

11 F6 SOCIETY KMG MSS SHuner 9 12-7 Mu S toner 0 

12 STFSAM OF BUNCLDOY T Butl512-7.^._ — 

13 /P-P 
>4 PRO 
15 006 

- 16 600 

17 00 


20 4 

Evens Veronica Cresstda. 6-1 Uuromeimoor, 7-1 BusheUo. 
8-1 Stream Of Buidody. 10-1 Tumpy Lakes. 12-1 others. 

6- 1 1-1 Mr S Conutaghara 0 

' B 8303 DUKE OF DOLUS d))W Storey 7-116 D Tetter (7) 

• 9 4003 MSTER BOOT □ CNe* 7-116 — 

10 F221 OUAUTY-PRWCE M Awson Vl*6 (Sex) . RMaitoy0 

12 0/00 80LD RAJDS) (S) (C-0) A Sisphanson 

-910-13 MS Woods (7) 

13 0120 DOUGHTY REBEL A ScOB 810-11 — 

17 OWO DtSCAM BOY CTmkto 5-106 — M Dwyer 

19 0PPO LUCKY MICHAEL J L Needham 8-10-0 — 

21 600 BWGADIEflGHEBiCHoyte 9-106 . Hr P Avery 

M Quality prince. 7-2 Oougtay Rebel. 4-1 Duke Of Dote. 
9-2 Mister Boot, 6-1 Bttfceraafts. <5-7 others. 

2m 41} (6) 

1 1203 vniJERSTOarattMti W A Saatenson 7-12-7 RLamb 

3 1110 BORDER KMOfT |C-«) J S HaUane 11-106 N Doughty 

4 POP- SUNSETCRISTO R Mawtey T9 106 B Storey 

7 PF44 BURGLARS WALK Qanvs Scan 810-1 C Grant 


— -• 11-10-ID Dutton 

- • 12 1212 SHOQLE72 PRMCE (C-0NBF) F Wflfson 

7-4 Burgiara Walk, 2-1 Book Of Kells. 4-1 Shooter Prince. 
8-2 Border Krognt. KM VinersuwR. 25-1 SunsetCnoo. 

HUNTER CHASE (Amateurs: £1,957: 3m 600yd) 

1 • ABEROY R C Snowdon 7-12-7 PDeMfef«) 

2 3-P0 BU3NELLO j D Thompson 11-12-7. POcagn 

3 OOP- CONWAY GROVE J E Swere 8-12-7 P9wtonf(7) 

8 IFP1-. COLUMBUS fftt) Mrs V Shaw 9-11-12 — AVteMi(7) 


' - . 5-1 1-12 N08MHMNER 

9 002- GpLDENOGAN C A Mala 11-11*12 M «WU0 I 

10 OMt Jtoro D Nictuison 14-11-12. J C Mchoteon 0 j 

IT PDF/ US ADORH RJCowtey 9-1 1-12 RCcwtoym 

to ROBBIE'S PARK MJtvans 12-11-12 M Daihy 0 

IS 006 VERAMENTE Mrs T Artter 11-11-12 MteiT Atowln 
•17 BROWN BOWLER T H Regie 11-11-7.™ .4 AfltfratoMj 

18-002- CANT CATCH ME TH Rags 0-1 1-7 — SOknorerri 

21 TCP- OSOROYAL F ESurierteno 10-11-7 HLomM 

23 _ REDJIORGAMJ TradweU 9-11-7 n WwtUpwwe (7)- 

25 60P- 7NE OJT0MAN MasT AuCOO 

8-11-TIBteT Aucob 0 

26 104 WNTBWSSE Mte S B-flroWfl - - 

8-11r7 8Btaatakaw0 - 

. . 13-B QrUlflcatiou, 9* Jack Ot AS Trades. 3-1 Wlmermtee, 
6-1 Columous. 10-1 O o Manogan. 16-1 ofhers. 

(17)“ . 

2 2-11 TROOP LEADER (O) FWWwyn 7-11-12 K Mooney 

-4.0001 BIT OF A DANDY JT ©ffecd 5-1 1-S. Rttaa* ■ 

5 421P DANCING ADM«AL (B)(C^K A MMV1 ... 

• 6-1169 J Mwnn 

. 0 ORB AWIREADAWN ATwnafl 5-11-0.™ Stave RnlgM 

11 OOU3 KOmKNaWWDWchoteon 4-116: — P Seodamora 

T3 0040 BURNS LADN Lre-Juteon 6-19-T2 S Moore 

15 'FD0- BUNCUFFE DANCER N BThonwai ^ 

810-120 Monti 0 

1S80FP FOREVER SMGMGDWcMSOn 5-10-12 RDsnwoody 

- 17 OOOP-ttllORf* A M00m 7-10-12 — GMoore 

■ 19 OOOfl IBCHAH. HOUSE JWaoOer 5-1 10* T2._^__ MJankas 

- 22 OPPO RAW AFFAB TO S R Bowraa H0-t2.^.„ D Shaw 

23 PQ00 RB7SMEBALOMW KMaan 17-10-12 — „ J lUrntorrf 
26 4 SUNYDA2E FT Winter 5-18-1 2 — 

31 HAwrf 

32 6 miSaORO 1 jaj.NAGaseteeS-10-7— .AAdae»0 

■ 37 D0P8 TRUeSLOSSOM J WteOer 5-18-7. Ui- R RsM 

39 UD7UG0MERE DM Gnaaaf 4-104.^ E Murphy (4) 

• ’ 2-1 Tlnop L«n»r,^-1 Krift-4-1 StowdK^B-l Bit Of A. 
Dandy. 8-1 Andrea Dawn. 10-lUttngrtg AtarwaL Ifcl othera. 

- .-^4 T >ieV«as KSWKM-* 

■A- ,<*« 
.M 4?'- .-•if'i; 


^ ? v V/iV 

swTrbto £1 30. Ei-10. »■ 

El 60 CSF. £3.13. 

8.15 pm ch) 4* 

6 torn Z TroBan-iS-4): -2 ran. 15L I 

VWte«TW*;£l^B. ”• U ^ 

3 -fSfciJJradd (Wtl 

a sn,4»:i7 : -£iarW . : 

7 15 SHOCEBROOK HAffflICAP HURDLE. (£1,503: 


4.* ra ^W^ MWSSifllEcd(B 

5 3000 QtaBSt DBJCXBiS (N2) D Wchoison , 


5 WO REBEgflNTA Rysgr 9-106— HDwta 

8 zm CHEEKr Bff&F.O L »teana 0106 ROwk 

. )? Sjn CHARJtMA Mfipre8-106 6 Nodto 

* « VOF. POUOANOD IN AtouitoQt S-lM KlfcOBgf 

13 wpemw jaoumo-i: L MrCLMAn 0 

14 B0» «BRAM*C®F HLaeS-UMI CNoten (7) 

l£ MP4 jaaROERffiKC F liadan 13-100 R 

' if' ®? SH»tom^H0Tte*5-186_. ROowwaify 

20 raaz Praters WSte) BForB«y 8-106 : — P De««f 

21 Sm RfltnsSDB DWVE J DOnnes 7-J06: jltwteh' 

2^ 0040 awUBB N Lee«Juflioaa-i86 ,i. - . ... — SMeen 

. 4.05 Sfl 1. MANOUB (A Murray, evens 
fiwj. 2, made BoteogM (W R Swinthm- 
7-lV. 3. Triple Entente JC Aaroussen. 7 -il 
ALSO RAN: 9-2 Persian 5ta. 8-i vngfy 
Blazed 4th. 74-1 CerntoiM Eaerdse Eta.' 
Motor Broker. 7 ran. NR: Rtx*ft*a. 3L 
m .3L a 3L Thomson Jon« at ! 

■NBMnarketTQte:CUaf1J0.E22aDF: : 

ES.40.-CSF: E8JS6. imm 04.49sec. I 

Sedgefield selections 

By Mandarin 

2. 1 5 Son of Manado. 2.45 Bickersiaffe. 3. 1 S Book 
of Kells. 3.45 Tumpy Lakes. 4.15 Lean On. 4.45 
■ Motley. - - — 

600yd) (9) ... 

1 1P30 ITS A CAPPER (C6) j R Turner 

8-11-10 Mr 5Swiere(7) 

3 0B21 LEAN 0RTDW*ame 8-1 DaiVtUams 

4 F30P SMARXRQwiiiMn 7-116 — 

5 OOP* BEAU LYON o A Lamb 8-116 : RUmb 

6PPPF MUSI FLY W A Stephenson 8-116. Ur J Femesay 0 

7 0PP4 PRMCE SWEET GWRicnards 6-1 16 DCntetey 

S OPU THE RBMNGSR Tate 7-116 Mr R Tata 

10FFUF 1UU.VCANNA J Wade 6-1T6 K Jones 

11 PP CRESTA CROSSETT EM Caine 8-106 Mr A Orkney 0 
5-4 Lean On. 3-1 Prince Sweet. 5-1 Si mark, 8-1 Beau Lyon, 
18-1 its A Capper, 20-1 otnere. 

4.45 EL WICK NOVICES* HURDLE (£692: 2m) (17) 

L 4010 JlAMPAirr (DJBE Bair' 7-T2-J I — 

2 4033 MOCMLKBmNGJParkes 6-1 1-10 R Stefmr (7] 

3 OOQF AVIATION SUPPORT (B) J. Wade 6-116 M Dwyer 

4 WOO BOMBARO Dews SnWhS-1l-5™_..: U.C Grant 

5 0024 CUFF BANK (B) J L Neectiarn 91 16 — 

- -7 PH® HADRIAN’S HYTECH D A Lamo 5-1 16 — 

8 -POD MAJESTIC STAR JW Bktaden 9-116 — D Dutton 

10 ‘NAUTICAL JOKE W A Stephenson 7-116 . — K - Jones 

15 TABER JLHwns 5-1 J A' Marts 

16 0000 THEC87ER AND BUN WSttriwS-116.. Mb* F Storey 

17 4000 THE WLK W AStaphenson 7-116—. — .7 R Lenta 

18 mi WALDRON HU. A GUnortes 6-1 1-5..-.™ A Stanfler 

19 0 BRER RASCAL R Tan t-116 Mi R Tate 

20 DPM CAP THAT J R Tumet 5-116 1 HrSS«nen(7) 

21 0 ROYAL SECRET Mrs G ReMSy 6-M6 - . P Nimn (41 

22 F0PO TRUG0DLM&-J16 ter H Brown (7) 

23 003 UQRUEY W H Clarke 4-106 — 

0-4 uortey. 100-30 Rampant 4-1 TTw'VYift. 1 1-2CUI Bank. 

8-1 The Cider And Bun. lO-f others. 


' Going: good to soft. 

2.15 (2m) 1. Soten Agate (R lamb, 4-1 
tor): 2. WAam Tne Frst (9-2); 3, Triad 
.Tret* (5-i). ir ran. l»r 1&L W A 
Stephenson. Totr. £3 8ft £100. Cl 3ft 
EllO. DF: ESJM. CSF: E21 03. Tnust: 
£82.65. Winner bpugm w. 620gne. 

2A50n)l.SttbteLad(MrM ffiehards- 

Ptacepoe E29J5- jackpot- CUHK.75. 

PoinMo-point result 

Susanna. S, is. F watson Toro; £3.70; 
£1«)i EZ40. DF: CSJXL GSF; El 6.14. 

3^6 Qm 41) i, Borteatn* (Mr J Quinn. 
i2-iy.2, Rapid Bwf (0-4 Favourite 
Nepnew (H). 15 ibh- NR. Scoobh smttar. 
Brwn hW, Datottess. 12L 3M. O MoDao. 
„T6W.El5.6ft E2.70. EJAa El.70-.Dft 
..£203?. CSF: E4258. 

. ' 4.18 (2rn 4n 1 . Brother Geottrey <D 
HWcmson. 5-4 ravfc 2, Prowose Wopa/13- 
2L 3, Onct Ltee (3-1). 9 raa NFL Tratena. 
. IS. l». C Thorottm. To»: £2'30:' El 10. 

445 (3m) I, Tetamettf Gem (Mr A 
Fowler, evens few): 2. Big Togger (6-11: 3. 
Frosty Touch (16-1L 10 .ran. NR: 
Capw son. 2t. 3CL R ftsher. Tfitt; £230; 
El 10. El.lft £3.00. DF; £1.60. CSF: 

Pfeoepot £3.10, - 

• Jacijui Thome, aged 30. 
will apply lo the 3bckey Club for 
a licence to train and take over 
(he Kilve stable following the 
sudden death of her feiher, 
John, on Wednesday. 

• An 800-mite round trip 
from Ross-on-Wye proved 
worthwhile for trainer John 
Edwards when Stable Lad. a .5-1 

chance, beat Clonsharagh by 
seven lengths in the Gillie Bros 
Dundee Novices Chase at Perth 


Course specialists 

CAMBRIDGE HARRlSlft HBnC Tammy's '. WW(«son.54lW2.FWmrosel«^ 

Tr^Rjcy.-AH; CciitoerJend Bssia Open k 21,3. DrecrUne(3-l). 9ran. NR-Tmtena. - Rlinlf Pro«1'f!rct fima 
JUStDaLLadtaAingers Green. Open Its .IS. C Thoroton. To»: E2'30:' El 1ft ‘ ®«U*eiW-«I5l-niIie 
Efftet. tat CameratB. Mtiter Sip £1J0, E260- DF: £S7a CSF: £1) 05. PONTB^)ACT: 95 AbKiuts Master 
awra- TncastE23.54 HAYDOCK: 2^0 Bao: -. 


TRAWSMfc W Hem. 18 team from 52 
luinera. 34.ffte: 6 Harwood, 16 From 58. 
278%: Q HOIs. IS from 74 . 21 fi%;- 
JOCKEYS: W Carson. 34 winners from 
140 ndes. 24 JV J Rdd. 13’trom 102, 
727V TJuas. 14 from 131: J2SV 


TRAINERS: B HBs, 13 wwws from 38 
rumen. 342V 1 Batting. .14 from 45 . 
31 IV: from 29. 20 7%. 
JOCKEYS: JMatnuas. 11 wmnerstrom32 
ndes, 34.4V fl-DufrWd 18 Mm ISO. 
120V M Birch; 19 from 1 B0.- ID^V 


TRAINERS: A ScotL 17 wnners from 56 
runnen. 305V Denys Sman. 25 mom 
TS1. 155%: G Renans, 14 from 94. 

JOCKEYS! R Lenta. 27 utamere from 151 
ndei. 17.9V C Grant. : 31 (rtm IBS. 


TRAINERS: F Waiwyn, 13 winners hm 
37, 35.1V F Winter. 1 7 from 7$. 22.7 V J 
Did. I3from 72, ifi.1% ■ 

JOCKEYS: K Mooney, 12 winners from 38 
HOBS. 31.8V S Smtfi Scctts, 8 from 55. 
14.5V ■ 

- I 





v • i 

i i 



•. » 
, t 

Only Benson manages 
to produce 
something positive 

CANTERBURY: Kent have 
scored 378 for six against the 

The Indians got what they 
wanted yesterday, a full day's 
cricket, some sunshine and 

_ w prepara- 
tion for the Texaco one-day 
matches which start tomor- 
row. There was little enough 
chance of a positive result to 
this match, owing to most of 
Wednesday's play being 
washed out: with Kent not 
declaring, the post-tea session 
became nothing more than a 
practice romp. 

At one stage an Indian 
fielder, Vengsarkar, fielded 
the ball with one hand while 
holding a newspaper in the 
other, which he had been 
reading in the outfield. No 
doubt the Indians wUl also 
indulge themselves with the 
bat today. 

It will have done the Indi- 
ans little harm to have spent 
the day in the field for they 
needed the practice. It would 
be nice to record that they 
made the most of it. Unfortu- 
nately, in conditions that help 
every type of bowling, their 
attack lacked penetration and 
Sharma was warned for bowV- 

Bylvo Tennant 

ing two successive bouncers. 
Their ground fielding, too, is 
not yet sharp enough for one- 
day cricket 

Benson, who gave a chance 
before the deluge on Wednes- 
day, had another escape at 41 
but otherwise went on inexo- 
rably to his first century of the 
season. He batted 320 minutes 
in all and struck 17 fours, 
many driven off the spmnere. 
One wonders, assuming a 
troublesome knee does not 
play up further, if his career 
will follow the course of 
another Kent accumulator, 
Brian Luckhurst who made 
his England debut late in his 
cricketing life. Benson will be 
28 in July. 

Otherwise, there were runs 
for Tavare and Taylor, whose 
half-centuries were made in 
almost identical times, a little 
over two hours. Graham 
Cowdrey, who has not been 
short of runs this season, took 
the chance to make a few 
more, and Baptiste bad some 
merry swings. 

The longer Kent batted, the 
more meaningless the pro- 
ceedings became in terms of a 
competitive game of cricket It 
may have been a good exercise 

for some of the playere but not 
for the spectators. Even the 
start of play today has been 
changed fbr the tourists' bene- 
fit It win beat 1030, to allow 
them to reach London in good 

KENT: FM kwmoa 

MRBansonoAranwtfibV&tav _ 126 

SG HntabSftama 21 

*C JTavsrt bSharma 58 

NRTaytecPraNufarbMartndor _ 64 
G H Cowdrey c Msnfndsr b Starma - 42 

E A E Baptnte b Mmtadv 26 

^SAMmii not out 21 

i R May not out 

Extras (b 8. w 2.1* 4) 
Total (B vita) , 


CSDttfcTMMtormM and KBS Junta 
to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 149,2-180, $*3, 4- 
309. 5-345, 6359. 

INDIANS: K SrMcanft R Lambs. M 
Araamatb. □ B Vongsarakor, II 

Arfmnxhfln. -R J ShasW. fd PmSL 
Chelan Stems. M Pnabhakar. N 8 Yadn. 
ManMBr Singh. 

Umpires J H Harris and DOOstaar. 

Constant stands 

India have raised no 
objection to the appointment of 
David Constant as one of the 
empires for the second one-day 
international at Old Trafford on 
Monday. Four yeais ago at 
Headingley, Constant was re- 
ported to the Test and County 
Cricket Board by India after an 
off-the-field incident and be did 
not stand in any of the louring 
Mm 1 * remaining matefied 

cut: Tavarfi hits oat and rakes 
substitute Indian fielder, Kiran More (PSmUo 

contact with 
Chris Cole) 

Clinton holds firm 
in a Surrey bustle 

Daniel off to a flying start 

By Richard Streeton 

HOI'S: Sussex, with eight first 
ngs wickets in hand, are 327 
; behind Surrey. 


Sussex lost two wickets when 
they were left 40 minutes' 
bailing al the end of an enter- 
taining day yesterday. In 
Clarke's second over Lenhain 
was caught at third slip and then 
Doughty had Parker held at 
gully in the next over. 

On a sunny, though windy, 
day there was always an air of 
bustle and purpose to the 
cricket Following Wednesday's 
washout Surrey were put in to 
bat and their run-rate often 
approached four runs an over. 
There was nothing wrong with 
the pitch and Sussex, presum- 
ably. wished to make certain 
that today they would be the 
ones chasing a target 

Clinton, who missed a cen- 
tury by two runs, held one end 
firm and shared three successive 
stands worth 50 or more, as 
Surrey took advantage of a 
weakened Sussex attack. Imran 
was due to miss this match, 
anyway, but he is also nursing a 
minor knee injury and Jones is 
similarly afflicted. Le Roux has 
a strained ankle and Barclay 
damaged fingers. 

These absentees brought two 
newcomers into the Sussex side 
Babbington. who is 23 and a 
medium-pace bowler, and 
Bredin. who is a year older and a 
slow left-arm spinner. Both 
have Andrew as a first name and 
by coincidence they also share 
cricket origins in Surrey rather 
than Sussex. Babbington used to 

E lay club cricket for Banstcad. 
redin for Malden Wanderers. 
In the circumstances Clinton 
fell able to bat throughout in his 

chocolate-coloured Surrey cap, 
something not often seen in 
these days of helmets. His 
defence, as always, was perfectly 
organized and, considering his 
short backlift, be got a lot of 
power into some handsome 
offside drives. Clinton's strokes 
included 14 louts before he 
lifted a ball to deep mid-off in 
the last over before tea. 

Butcher and Stewart both fen 
to Reeve after bright contribu- 
tions. Lynch was even more 
forceful and bit ten fours before 
he sliced a drive and was well 
caught at deep third man. Jesty 
drove a catch to cover and was 
the only senior batsman to miss 

SURREY: First Innings 
A R Butcher bwbRoera 

GS Orton c Babbington b Bred*. 
A J Stmrart tow b Reeve . 


M A Lynch c Babbington bMMs(pM) 59 
T E Jesty cVVels (AP) bVVals (CM) - 6 

A Now f ia m c Reeve 0 Bredn 18 

Richards c Bredto b Plgott 18 

J Doorany c GoiAd b Reeve _ — _ 14 

G Monktousu not out 34 

STCtartecWah<AP)bl*gott 4 

*P I Pocoekc Reeve b Groan 14 

Extras (lb 9. nb4) 13 

Total - 365 

Score at 100 ovarc 357 tor 9. 

FAU. OF WICKETS: 141. 2-141. 3421, 4- 
240. 5-275, 6-280. 7-297, 8-316, 9-320. 
BOWLING: Plgott 17-048-2: Babbington 
15-2-38-0; Write (C M) 18-5-62-2; Ream 
22-4454; Bretin 25-7-80-2; Standing 2r 
0-11-0. Green 2-0-13-1. 

SUSSEX: First brings 
N H Lanham c Doughty b Banco - 

A M Green not out - — 

PWGPartorcCtericab Doughty 
CM Weils not out 

Bowling from the pavilion 
end, and with the wind at his 
back, Wayne Daniel was at his 
most dangerous for Middlesex 
at Lord's yesterday. With Daniel 
accounting for Jones. Morris 
and Holmes, and Williams for 
Hopkins and Younis. Glamor- 
gan lost their first five in the 
order for 25 runs. 

It was a crippling blow from 
which Glamorgan made a par- 
tial recovery in a stand of 54 by 
their sixth wicket pair. Ontong 
and Maynard. Maynard went on 
to make 57 before he mistimed 
his stroke against Gatling. 

Io a fascinating battle twixt 
bat and ball at Chelmsford, 
Essex and Yorkshire finished 
the day just about even. Put in 
to bat, Essex were to be much in 
Hardie's debt, and as their 
innings dosed finally, at 295, it 
could be dearty seen that it had 
been Handle's bandied, in 
which he had hit 13 fours in a 
stay of 220 minutes, that bad 
held his side together as Jarvis, 
who had been a constant threat, 
parcelled op six wickets for 78 
runs in 21.5 overs. 

It had been showery again in 
the morning at Worcester, and 

By Peter Marsou 

Wednesday's heavy storms 
meant one more delay before 
1 1.45, when Mendis and Fowler 
took guard. Lancashire having 
been invited to bat. Alas, poor 
Fowler, who had been so de- 
lighted at his recall to Engand's 
Texaco Trophy squad, now 
suffered a disappointment as he 
fell to a catch behind off the last 
ball of the morning’s fourth 
over. With Worcestershire's 
bowlers bonding to a tight line 
on a slow paced pitch. Mendis 
and the rest more and more 
found run-making to he a 
difficult exercise. 

Warwickshire's opening bats- 
men are having a thin time of it 
just now. and luck deserted 
them again yesterday, at 
Edgbaston, where North- 
amptonshire had chosen to field 
first. With Lloyd falling to a 
catch at slip by Harper off 
Walker’s bowling in the third 
over, and Dyer, caught by 
Ripley in the next over bowled 
by Griffiths, Warwickshire, at 
10 for two, had made another 
wretched beginning. 

Smith and Amiss dropped the 
him that in their partnership 
Warwickshire might torn an 

awkward comer, but Amiss 
made way with the advent of 
CapeL and Smith, drawn for- 
ward by Cook, fell to a smart 
stumping by Ripley. 

Shortly before lunch, when 
Warwickshire were 114 for five, 
Northamptonshire lost Storie, 
who had been lidding at for- 
ward short leg to Harper’s 
bowling, when he was struck in 
the face by a ball hit by 
Humpage. Storie was taken to 
hospital, and returned later 
having suffered a broken nose. 

Humpage went on to make 
41, but after he had been caught 
and bowled by CapeL Warwick- 
shire were quickly rounded up 
for 165. Harper had made an 
outstanding contribution here, 
taking four catches, and taking 
two wickets Sir 10 runs in 93 

Put in to bat at Fenners, 
Hampshire made an excellent 
start, against Cambridge Univer- 
sity, and with the brothers 
Smith in good form, all had 
been well until Davidson, a fast 
medium bowler, rounded on the 
batsmen to take three wickets, 
hitting the stumps three times in 
eight balls. 


Essex v Yorkshire 

Extras [b 1) 

_ 1 
- 3 
.. 1 

ESSEX: fira* Innings 

*G A Gooch bSMaboOwn 

BRHarttoc MoKonbJarvte _ 

PJ Pnchart b Jarvis 

A R Border b Jarvis 


Total (2 wtts, 1 1 awn) 
Reeve. ACSPagotL A 
AM Brodmtobat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-8. 

Bonus points: Sussex 4pts. Surrey 4. 
Umpires: J H Hampshire and D R 

K W R Fletcher bw b Jarvis . 

DR Pringle bFtototMr 

A W LiBey tow b Jarvis 

tD E East Ibw b SWeOoUom . 
N A Foster b Came* 

J K Lever not out . 

D L Acfloid c Batratowb Jams . 
Extras (b 3. lb 17, nb 11) — 
Total (88-5 wore) 

- 11 
- 82 
- 1 
— 2 
_ 0 

— 4 
. 25 



- 31 

Wares? Lancs 

LANCASHME: Rrat tarings 

G D Mentte c Rhodes 
G Fowtar c Rhodes b Inctanore 
J Abrahams c Rhodes b fort . 
N H F a abrothw b Radford mn 

*C H Uojrd c Rttodea b Patel 

1C Maynard c Rhodes b Radford 

M Wattonson b Bingwortti 

J Salmons b Radtofd 

P J WAIottc Curtis b Newport 
□ JMafcxaon tow b Radford — 
S HemWhsen not out . 

Extras (b 4. to 5, w 4. nb 8). 
Total (3*2 were) 

- 15 

- 3 
_ 2 

- 28 

- 40 

- 42 

- 5 
_ 6 

- 21 

Middx ? Glamorgan 


GLAMORGAN: First tontags 


AL Jones c Brawi bDanW 

H Morris c Brown b Daniel 

GC Holmes c Brown bDanW — 

Yowite Alanad c Dowrton b WHams. 
*RC Ontong c Brawn bBnburey — 

M P Maynard MwMb Gaffing 

J G Thomas b Daniel 


Pethers puts Harrow 
in the driving seat 

Schools Cricket by George Chesterton 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-38,2-89. 3-95. 4- 

146.5- 221, 6221. 7-248. 8-288. 9295. 10- 

BOWLING SWebottom 16-4-38-2; Jarvis 

21.5- 2-78-6; P J Hartlw 12-2-5TWJ; 
Fletcher 15-1-43-1: Cam* 246-66-1. 

Put in io bat on a wicket 
surprisingly fit after torrential 
rain on Wednesday. Harrow 
made a slow nan against Win- 
chester. They were b2 for three 
at lunch and it was nor until the 
4Sth over that the 100 came up. 

Pothers changed the tempo, 
setting the lone for an important 
innings with a sweetly timed 
four, but in his innings of 66 his 
most impressive stroke was a 
straight six off MacLure. 

With Sexton, who gave him 
sound support he put on 91 for 
the fourth wicket. Thereafter 
Harrow lost wickets regularly as 
they attempted to accelerate. 
Their declaration came at ISO 
for nine. 

For Winchester. Winscr 
bowled well but had no luck, 
whereas Byng. bowling slow left 
arm. will bowl much better and 
achieve less. For the second 
match running he captured five 
valuable wickets and MacLure. 
wicketkeeper turned off spinner, 
deserved his two victims. Both 

were supported by keen ground 
fielding and sound catching. 

Winchester started well 
enough. Warren in particular 
looked solid, but in the periods 
just before and after tea, four 
wickets tumbled leaving them 
an uphill struggle in the last 90 

Winchester managed to hold 
out for a draw- despite frenzied 
efforts by Manasseh and Raper 
to separate the Iasi pair. These 
two held firm through 15 overs 
and MacLure survived an ap- 
peal on the last ball of the day. 

YORK5MRE: Ffest Innings 

K Stop not out 

M □ Moxon not out 

Extras (bi). 

Total (no rid, 18 overs) . 

- 1 

A A Matcade, J D Low. S N Harttoy. ID L 
Baxstow. P Carrie*. A Staboaom. P J 
Hartley. P W Jams and S D Fletcher to 

Bonus pom* Essex 3. Yorkshire 4. 
Umpires: K Lyons and N Plows. 


100.5-156. 6-165, 7-222. 1 
BOWLING: Radlard 29.2-6-77-5; 
to ch mone 19-641-2; Newport 20-369-1; 
■ngmrth 10-243-1: Patel 15-2-50-1. 
DOtiveira, G A Mck. D M Smttb. D N Pert. 
*P A Neale. tS J Rbodea, P J Newport. N 
V Radford. J D tachmore. R K IHngworlli. 
Bonus points; Lancashire 3 pis, Wor- 
cestershire 4. 

Umpires: B Ducfleston and J W Holder 

No play yesterday 

Second XI champions hip 
Harrogate: Yorkshire v 

North a mp t on sh ire. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11, 2-13. 3-14, 4- 
19. 536, 6-79. 7-121. 3-134, 9-152, 10- 

BOWLING: Wa re s 16443-2: Daniei 16- 
4-34-4: Cowans 104-18-0: Effinonds 14- 
3-26-0; Bnburay 7-3-1 1-2: Getting 9-4-18- 
2 - 

MDOLESEX: Flntt Urtnga 

A J T MBer b Thomas 3 

K R Brawn tow b Moseley 9 

-MW Gatling b Moseley., 
j E Emburey c Thomas b Moseley. 
CT Radley not out. 

RO Butcher not out 
Extras (to3.w3.nb5). 
Total ( 4 wkts. 22 overs ). 
IP R Oownton. P H 

Warwickshire ? Northants 


WARWtCKSHRE: First Innings 

T A Ltowl c Hamer b Wafear 

RIHBDymcRipkwb Griffiths — 

P A Snath 5t Ripley b Cook 

O L Amrss tow b Capol 

tG W Humpage c and b Copal _ 

Second towns 

T A Lloyd not out 

RIHB Dyer tow Griffidis . 

2 P A Smith not out 

B M UeMteanc Harper b Cook 

Asd DmtowbCa 

. 34 
. 21 
, 41 
. 10 
_ 4 

Total (1 wfcq 


; Harper &Cc 
G CSmalc aid b Harper 
T A Munton not out . 

Galaxy defence 

.Khaosai Galaxy, of Thailand, 
will defend his World Boxing 
Association junior-bamam- 
u-eighi title against Israel 
Contreras, of Venezuela, in 
Caracas on August 9. 

•N Gmord c Capeib Hsper . 

Extras (b 3, lb 5. w! 
Total (613 overs) 



_ 0 
- 11 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-10. 341. 465. 
5-1 10. 6-118. 7-1 19. 8- 157, 0-161. 

BOWLING: Water 13-533-1: Griffiths 9- 
KS6-1 .Capel 16*3M; N G BCook 21-8- 
3M; Harper 944-104. 

.. 14 
_ 0 

— 5 

- 19 


*G Cook bw b McMBan 6 

R J Barey c Dyer b Munton 83 

R J Boyd-Mass c end b McMBan — . 16 

AJ Lento not out 12 

Extras (to 4, nb 3) 7 

Tate! (3 wkts. 24.5 overs) 124 

R A Harper. D J Capel. tD Riplay. A C 
Stole, IlG B Cook. A Water and B J 
Gnfffihs cfld not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15, 2-103, 3-124. 
BOWLING: SmaS 6-0-38-0: McMBan 9-1- 
35-2: Parsons 4-0-31 -ft GtftooJ 4-1-150; 
Munton 1.51-3-1. 

Bonus port s: Wanridaim 2, Narth- 
ampionslwe 4. 

Umpires: K E Palmer and D Lloyd. 

Wllams. N G Cowans and W W Daniel to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-44. 348. 4-56L 
Bonus points: MUkflesax 4, Gtemorgan Z 
Umpires: B J Meyar and P B Wight 

Notts v Leics 


IP Butcher bHadtoa 9 

R A Cobb b HacSee 4 

L Potter tow b Pick 3 

*D I Gower c Bitch b Haffiaa ~ 
J JWMtekerc Rice b Cooper . 
N E Brian c Randal b Hadtoe 

PB Cittc ffioe bHadtoa 

~>WtmticaDo not out 

J De FreSn b Rice 
WKR Benjamin not out. 
Extras (rib 2. to 1) 

_ 1 
_ 4 

Total (8 wMs. 77 Qwsrs) 272 

LB Taylor dU not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 2-10. 534. 4- 

171, 5172. 5181. 7-186, 5261. 

RT Robinson, B C Brood. DW Randaf . -C 
E B Rice. P Johnson. J D Bbch. R J 
Hadtee. IB N French. R A Pick. K E 
Cooper, J a Afford. 

Bonus points: NuttlngtiainsNre 3, 
LeKestsrsHre 3. 

Umpires: H 0 BW and J A Jameson. 

a noble 

By Alan Gibson 


TAUNTON: Somerset 
aired 348 all out 


Somerset were pul in, and at 
lunch were 106 for two after 34 
overs, a good start. I think 
Graveney put them in became 
be preferred to bat last in what 

was likely to be a match of 
declarations. The weather was 
nearly dry. bid the pitch and 
outfield, after the recent down- 
falls, was soft and slow. Neither 
Lawrence dot Walsh could pro- 
duce much movement in the air 
or off the pitch, but they were 
undoubtedly quick. 

Roebuck continued his in- 
teresting idea of taking Maries in 

with him to open, and once 
again it was successful Roebuck 
himself was the first to go, 
caught at backward shot leg. at 
SI, and Marks had scored most 
of the runs. Handy was out, inn 

similar way, to the last ball 

before lunch. 

The Maries experiment looks 
distinctly promising, but be was 
bowled for 65, and by then 
Richards was gone as weD, leg 
before, both out to Walsh, the 
most dangerous of the bowlers. 
In a sense this was dramatically 
acceptable, since it cleared the 
stage for Botham. He was 
applauded, not too warmly, but 
re sp ect f ully, as he went in. 

Taunton is a Puritan town, 
defended by Blake in the Gvfl 
War in an epic ofbrayery. When 
summoned to surrender, for the 
garrison was starving, he rallied 
that be still bad three pairs of 
boots left and would eat two of 
them first Botham approached 
his task in much the same spirit, 
and had scored at about a ran a 
minute for an hour before he 
was out 

Some of his strokes were 
noble, some fortunate. There's a 
divinity, be seemed to prodahn, 
that shapes my ends, 

them how I wilL Al tea, after 77 
overs, the score was 240 for six. 

I thought Roebuck might 
declare at 250, but Harden was 
still batting well and he went on 
for the fourth batting point 
doubtless with some scheme fear 
an exchange of f o rfe itu res in his 

I am not sure these propo- 
sitions are always wise, and the 
weather here is so th reat e n i n g 
with rain that I am doubtful 
whether anything will bring a 
result, but the innings of Maries, 
Botham, Harden and Gard all, 
in their different ways, contrib- 
uted to some interesting cricket 
80MEBSEH: First tontags 

VJ Meries bWatoh 65 

V M Roebuck e Romania b Watofa - 10 
JJEHffldycGvrenbBantoridgo — 28 

IVANcharditowbWteUi 4 

IT Bottom bLnouncu 81 

R J Hffidon b Lawrence 

GV Palmer cStovoWb Payne 

0T Gard c RusssO bWatoh 

C H Dredge c Cwran b C a rt ridge ■ 
NS Taylor not out 

J Gamer cCUrwrb 

Extras (b 3. to 12. m 2, nb 

, 11 
_ 5 





_ 19 

E A MosfltoycDowntonb Gaffing — 19 

“ Dates nc4 out e 5 

I BasacRfxSayb Entourey 4 

Extras (to 9. w 3. nb 7) 19 

Total (72 overa) 159 

Score at 100 onre: 380 tor 8 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-61.2-106. 8-120,4- 
126, 5217, 5230. 7-301, 3322, 9381. 
BOWLING: Laurence 21-4232; Wtotah 
29-6-724; Payne 12321-1; 

17-5732; Graveney 1134-23-1; 

Lloyds. K M Curran. I R Payne, *D A 
Graveney. fR C Russel. DV Lawrence, C 
A welsh. 

Bonus points: Somarast 4. Gtaucucter- 

Umpkes: D J Constant end A A Janes. 

Camb Univ ▼ Hants 

HAMPSMRE: First brings 

C L Smith b Davidson . 

■M C J Nicholas b DBvtdson- 
D R Turner not out- 

. 5 

Effinonds. N F 


V P Terry c Davtaun b GoUng 70 

NGGowlqrnotOut 3 

Extras (ba, to 4, w l.nb Z) 10 

Total (4 wMs dec) 244 

T M Tremtett. tR J PBrks, R J Mam. S J W 
Andrew end P J Better rfld not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-88, 235 327. 4- 

BOWLING: Davidson 22-3-753; 
Tramettem 7-3322; Bom 7-1-222: 
Golding 15-3251; Haaffi 7-538-0. 

M S AfttumBs 0 and b Cowley 33 

TM Lord cPariceb Andrew 1 

O J FeBe and b Mare 16 

PAC Ballbwb Bakker 11 

DW Browne not out — 11 

SDHaaffinotoul 3 

Extras (to 3, nb 2) 5 

Total (4 wkts) 79 

*D G Price. A K Gokhng. tA D Brawn. J M 
Tremotom and J E Durideon to baL 
Unriras; t 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8, 2-37. 3-50. 429. 
0 S Thompson and A G T 

Stadium closed 

Mexico City (Reuter) — The 
Pacfauca stadium, where 40 
people were injured in a riot last 
Sumlay, has been shut down for 
six months. The stadium, which 
is not being used in the World 
Cup, was the scene of rioting in 
which Pachuca supporters set 
fire to parts of the terraces, 
wrecked TV equ i p m ent and 
turned over cars before being 
dispersed by tear gas. 

Big guns closing ranks to quell the plastic revolution 

Injuries sustained from play- 
ing on artificial pitches will be 
discussed al the Football 
Leapw AGM today amid inad- 
equate research, widespread ig- 
norance and determined 
salesmanship by companies 
proclaiming that synthetic grass 
represents (he realistic future for 
British sport. 

Leicester City, seconded by 
Evert on. will propose that bo 
first or second division fixtures 
should be played on plastic 
pitches after August 1988. 

Alan Bennett, the Leicester 
secretary, believes they have 
almost unanimous support from 
first division dobs, with the 
understandable exceptions of 
Queens Park Rangers and Lu- 
ton, the two dobs in the League 
using synthetic turf. 

The Football Association 
ruled last week that only these 
two dubs can stage cup ties on 
artificial surfaces next season, 
so infuriating dobs io lower 
divisions who see these pilches 
as a way of generating extra 
income. Brentford, Oldham, 
Preston. Torquay. Lincoln and 
w.~i flan hare already been given 
Football League permission 10 
install them. 

Although these pitches have 
the advantages over grass of 
providing a consistent surface in 

all weathers, the facility to be 
used for multiple purposes and 
as often as required, Leicester 
argue that they do not give 
spectators the traditional En- 
glish game. The slide tackle is 
rarely used because players are 
apprehensive of receiving abra- 
sions from the surface. 

But more disturbing is ev- 
idence in Sports Illustrated, the 
American weekly magazine, and 
the National Football League 
Players' Association, of a higher 
incidence of injuries caused in 
American foot trail by playing on 
synthetic rather than on natural 
grass. In the foiled States, 
where 14 of Ibe 26 National 
League American football teams 
one plastic pilches, there is 
growing concern at these injury 

Most of the pilches used in 
.American professional football 
hate been made by Astroturf, 
who laid the first artificial 
surface in Britain — in Islington 
~ in 1971. Holloway School 
immediately began using the 
pitch, but recently they have 
become disillusioned. 

Alan Wright, the master in 
charge of football, says: “I was 
originally on rbe pitch every day 
or the week. 1 was sold on iL But 
now we only use it when the 
weather dictates we can’t play on 

grass. We found boys 
getting injured more often — 
some with tong-lasting back 
pains from the jarring — which 
we never had when playing on 

The Astroturf surface Is no 
longer so popular for football, 
and both QPR (1981) and Luton 
(1985) Installed a r tificia l pitches 
on a sandy base. The two are 
strikingly different, although 
both rest on resflient rubber- 
type pads. 

The Astroturf is a 

nylon carpet with a pile about 
half an inch long crinkled to 
prevent the fibres from flatten- 
ing, and then glued to a robber 
base. It has a proven life of seven 
to 10 years, and is preferred by 
American footballers worried 
about sand getting inside their 
protective gear. 

In sand-filled surfaces, such 
as those at QPR and Luton, the 
Inch-tong polypropylene ribbons 
are stabilized by placing sand in 
the pile. It & cheaper than 
Astroturf and can cost as Httle as 


Joe Corrigan, the fanner En- 
gland goalkeeper, c laimed his 
career eaded when he fell on 
QPR's surface, while John 
Bnrridge left Lottos Road be- 
cause of injury problems caused 

by the sarface. Yet Lntoo hare 

said that the number of injuries 
were reduced in their first 
season of asiug an artificial 
surface, and Tony Ingham, the 
QPR commercial manager, says 
that they have bad no regrets 
since Sustnlling tin* pi trh H We 
have had less Injuries both in 

traiiifm; and m a tc h es . We have 

never had to postpone a match 
because of the weather. Other 
dabs bare got into a backlog of 
fixtures and have lost revenue," 
be said. 

The Sports Council, eager to 
provide facilities for inner-city 
areas, commissioned a working 
party to study their suitability 

for footbalL They condnded that 
there is "no doubt tint a very 
rnnefa greater number of abra- 
sions amd bunts occur from {day 
on artffidal surfaces." 

But for more serious Injuries 
which can be acquired from 
turning or jarring, they had to 
rely largely ou a study of Dr Ian 
Adams fa Leeds who made a 
direct comparison of similar 
teams who played in 1,125 
games on nainral tmf and 889 on 
the city's Astroturf pitch. He 
found a slightly higher incidence 
of injuries on grass. Yet Dr 
Adams pointed out that the 
incidence of iajery is far higher 
on grass ia professional IbounD 
than in dub matches, anyway. 

and it would need every team in 
the League to play every match 
on artificial turf for two seasons 
to get a valid sample. 

John Roberts, the secretary of 
the working party. Professor 
Harry T ho m a son, professor of 
recreational science at Lough- 

boroagfa, where artificial pitches 

have not brought an hcrease fa 
injuries and Graeme Ting, a 
director of the centre of sports 
technology, agree that more 
research is seeded. Tipp points 
out that surfaces that are Ideal 
for one sport do not make them 
ideal for another activity be- 
cause the pit ch is wwuwfarfnvxl 
for a pa rticul a r requirement. 
“You can't change foe native of 
a pitch when it is laid dawn. And 
any pitch has to be a com- 
promise between what b ideal 
from the safety point of view and 
what is ideal as a playing 
surfa ce." 

The maanfactnrcrs believe 
that they hare successfully 
achieved this compromise. 
Frank Bowers, managing direc- 
tor of Balsam International, who 
have distributed synthetic 
pitches with exactly the same 
material and specifications as 
Astro tmi, sayts “The original 
Astrotnr&type surface is no 
longer suitable for football. We 
can now design systems that are 

safer than natural turf. We 
design pitches which have a 
consistency, both in the bounce 
of the ball and in safety ten the 

Balsam, who are hurtling 
training pitches for both the 
French Federation and Watford, 
have used West German re- 
search , and claim that foe 
pitches will not cuse long-term 
nguries. The firm, whose new 
surface has a shock pad one and 

■ half iih’]ifj| ar» litre Qt fa 

wff fat brikxiug riipn 

products according to demands. 

Ea Tout Css, who have made 30 
of the sand-filled synthetic sur- 
faces in use In Britain, agree that 
not every surface is arable for 
every sport 

Dr Paal Hawkins, their tech- 
nical director, says that they 
give every client a list of 
priorities. But does be not agree 
that more research is needed? 
“We are surfaces in 

which we have complete 
confidence," be said. “But oily 
time wfflte&ff yonarenulfog 
te empirical stndy on foe daims 
we are waiting- You must have 
the pitches used to get the 
necessary statistics. It is a 
classic chicken and egg 

John Goodbody 


Johnson gets off 
to a flying start 

By JofanHesnessy 

Patricia Johnson mounted an her game, t ®S ether ,'j® l !h 

she might, she could not find '■* 
yesterday on the first day of the chink in heroppenen 1 * s® 1 ™ 
match-play stage of the English and a laudable half m nveai ujl 
wmetfs amateur champion- daunting 15th, ^ 

yards into a fierce wnd ana 
demanding force 

from Mrs Kaye, prowled a 

mood, champion of 
shire, was a dejected firet-rounj. 
loser, her short game in 
after the turn agaugf „«£££ 
Booth, champion of Stanoro- 
shire. Mis Booth. has 

returned to golf at 41 after many 
years of domestic distractron, 
in inc aiicvuwu. jwuduu ' (h . vpfw of motoring 

vms abo« par for the holes J^^weSay night after 
Played. jotting uo 170 in the two 

Winner of foe Glamorgan q uni if 
championship (for which she is 

impressive defence of her title 
yesterday on the first day of the 
ly stage of the English 
women’s amateur champion- 
ship. sponsored by Fowakaddy, 
at Prince’s. She ran away from 
her opponents at foe start of the 
first two rounds and solidly 
prevented them from getting 
bock into the running. 

Kim Feraison, the lowest 
scorin g qua lifier in foe auto- 
matic draw, surrendered on foe 
!3fo green in the morning with 
Hilary Kaye, foe England cap- 
tain, following suit on the 13th 
in the afternoon. Miss Johnson 

up 170 in the two 
lamyiiig rounds. j. w 
ip i jut vnuui sue ia But she can be a fonnracne 

residence) just over match-play opponent,, as Clair- 
■ Miss Johnson had Maria Hall, like Miss Ham- 
mond an England international 
half Mrs Booth's age. found 
early in foe afternoon. 

RESULTS: Hnt rate* P Jotg qpnj* 5 

and Bi J GoSigham jjt S Pwu rar M 9ra 
20ft LBroranraDOxteW^aanol. J 
HlttC Duffy. 4 and & J Brown » 

a month 

not been hitting foe ball truly 
since then. But the challenge of 
the historic links has awakened 
Iter to foe responsibilities of her 
position. “My game." she de- 
clares, “is twice as good as when 
I came to Sandwich." 

She won the first four holes 
against Miss Ferguson, who has 

against miss rerauson, wbu urn n« « w <£»>r- 1 * -r c 7 m c ' 

^ SESSSt V«d l 

such a handicap, and three of n53wr!5 and 4; ccawwrt ms Hedges, 
the first four against Mrs Kaye, s and 4: H Douaon taw 3 wto a 

If that match, too, seemed all c&way. 

over bar the shooting, Mrs Kaye rt3; Wffivbi hbM. 

obviously misread the signs, for 'Ifaxi V. STm 

she played some sterling golf Fat-dough, i 

once she had pulled berseff, and hole; caidMBbt Dobson, i hole. 


Budd still 

England's athletics nffitiak 
wID have a “free vote" on 
whether Zsb Budd is selec t e d 
far this summer’s Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh. 
The pledge was ri ven yester da y 
Sir Aitiuv Grid, chairman of 
I’s Games' council, who 

posed by the 
African-born rumer. 

Lanyas have been atte mpting 
to darify the residency qnafifica- 
tfan «f Miss Bndd, who owns a 
bouse m GnOdfiord, Surrey, but 
wiH not have fired there far the 
required six months dmfag foe 
year leading opto foe Games. 

The Women's Amateur Athletic 
Association meet to pick foe 
team after their 
championships — fa which Miss 
Budd is due to ra — at 
Birmingham on Jane 6-7. 

Sir Arthur said: “They will be 
under no pr es sure from the 
«n»2- They wfll make their 
own dedsiou." But he added: 
“While a person nom i n a ted by 
Ms or her governing body is 
normally accepted without ques- 
tion, this is a one-off situation 

There are several grey 
be resolved-" if Miss Budd is 
picked, her nomination has to be 
approved by t h e coen c fl and then 
the Commonwealth Games 

A tten di n g a previ e w of the 
i&Hhmd mam's clothing ia and 
out of the eompecitiea arena, Sir 
Artfaur said: "It b important 
their appearance should be a 
credit to tins c o unt r y . Team 
morale wBl be heightened by 
being well tamed out This fa 
turn win help lead to success in 
the various competitions." 



Drivers are 
for action 

Formula One racing returns' 
to the majestic Spa- 
Francorchamps circuit in Bel- 
gium this weekend, but the 
drivers' thoughts will be on a 
deceased colleague rather than 
the picturesque scenery. Elio de 
Angdis, of Italy, was fatally 
injured in a crash while testing 
for Brabham in France last 
week, and will beat foe forefront 
of foe drivers' minds as they 
press their case for improved 
safety and emergency proce- 
dures in testing. 

Some drivers, upset by the de 
Angelis crash, have threatened a 
boycott of the Belgian Grand 
Pnx on Sunday unless their 
views are beard. Others believe 
threats are not- necessary to get 
action. It is understood that 
Brabham will field only one ca*-, 
this weekend, for de AngdisV 
compatriot and team-mate, 
Riccardo Patrese. 

In the meantime Nigel 
MansdL of Britain, and Nelson 
Piquet, his Wiliams team-mate 
from Brazil, are poised to break 
free from the confines of Mo- 
naco two weeks ago and revel in 
the open spaces of the Spa- 
Francorchamps circuit. The 
Honda-Williams engine, among 
the most powerful in Formula 
One this season, gives them a 
considerable advantage — an 
asset on which they must cap- 
italize to maintain contact with 
the world champion Alain 
Prost of France, and Ayrton 
Senna, of Brazil, are first and 
second in the world 

Prost went top of the stand- 
ings by winning easily in Mo- 
naco. It was his second‘d- 
successive triumph, achieved 
just four races, while- his 
McLaren team-mate, Keke 
Rosberg, of Finland, was run- 




HONS KOHQ: OpM _ __ 

rand: HR S Baddafay (Bfl) IX My Undo), 
15-8. 151&NY«U(QaiXYoBel0ndU.l5 
S. 154; Sonwtah flndo) IK F Efctt (G81 15 
i& 12-11, Woom Q Gomrs (GB) W Chang 
YnvS« (HKL 112. 11-2; H Tn*a (08) «1 
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AMERICAN LEAGUE: Batonm Oriotos Z 
caHorma Angsts 1; Doom Tgora 6, Saottto 
Martova 4: Nw York Ytanfeen TO. Oakland 
A t ffi o t ca 4; Oaiat an d Indiana 4, Mftmutara 
2; (Mcago WNte sox 5. Toronto 
4 flOlms); Taxaa Rangers 2, 
rats 1: Boston Red Sox 3, 

NATIONAL LEAOUE: Mar York Mala 7. San 
Francisco Gtonta 4; Pttbbuipii Pirates 2. 
Houston Astros 1; Si Louis Canfimls & 
CtncmaB Rada 3 (13 kina): Atterta Braves 9. 
Chicago Cubs a San Dtegct Parkas 7, 
PhaascfepWa PHBaa & Loa An n ate , Dodgara 
6, Montrrt Expos 1. 



£mimn RoSmT 1 14. Loa Afigetea Latora 
112 (Rodiaa wan DM-oMenrl ssnas 4-1). 

tesa st ate d) : 14» stags p8ltas to Mtada 
Bnlas l w to tadWffi Ml: 1. I Romanow. 4hr 
22nrtn laiec: 2. R Kmtangar (Csli. 422:16: 3. 

A Nmosad (CZL 422T19: 4, A Salrov. 42£22, 

5. U Raeb (EG), same tens; 6. S Kraaczyfc 
IPd 4 Taaac 1. Czsctaskwotea. 13hr 7mn 
Gaac 2. So«M Union: 3 East Germany: 4. 
Bulgaria, tot aim tow 5. Roland. IMS 10:6. 
Cutea. same lime. 19b stage (t31tan to 
tagus): kafvttnt 1. Ludmg. 3hr I9mte 
5sec Z Saeov. aiar» 3. Nrmwad. 3:19n£ 
4.MJun»(CO.ffi19:15: 5. 1 Tones (Cuba); 8. 

Z Wrona W bote same tune Tame i. 
Crochoeknakta. Shr 57mai 4Sssc; 2, PWand. 

% EM GtemBiy: 4. Sonar Unlcn: 5. Cuba: 6 
Bulgaria, el same time. OveM s traSi iga 
5«w I5«i Wage: teifsidura 1. Ludwig, a®,. 
51mm 12»ac: 2. PiMko*. 5ftSi 4ft a W J. 
5052:47: 4. KRmw. 505250: 5. u£Sl 
505258: & Romano*. 605259. Toant l . 
SOWS Union. 153hr atom 12 soc- 2 . East 
German*. 1503322: & CtMnMu 
15337:44; 4 . Bragana. 153.W02; sTPWand. 
154:1205: 6. Franca, 1542355. 


ITALIAN CUP: QuartsMtotee; Second irw* 
tetemaztonale 2 Rom 1 (Roma won 3-2 on 
aggregate Cora 3. Veronal (Como won 4^ 

-- @H8e): norenflna X Ernpo* 0 


Franca & UmM ... 

6m* T TUasna bt K Curran, 53. 52 H 
Lacoma M E Trftschar. 63. Leconte and 
G FORM M Curran and R Semiao. 6-2 7-6. 
AigsrAia 2 West Germany 0 (Argentinian 
names SrsltG Mae btH-JSdwaar .6-1. 6-2 
M idea HA Usurer. 52 7-& Jane and Vlas 
HMBUWMdW Popp, 7-5. 64. 

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(Urro H M Wootenhotem (Con). 52 51; H I 
Le Pm (AM) H F Luna I&4. 22 52 53: 
Jteaaffifoffbt E eengo^oa (Arg), 42. 9 



(Gr) a Ceochmi,] 

TOUR MATCHES: Briabana: Brlabane W. 
Italy 19. Breacte Nonhem Italy B, ia. 

Rogers bows out 

Steve Rogers, aged 31. who 
made 20 appearances for 
Australia at centre, including^ 
two as capuio, has announced 
his retirement from Rugby 
League. He had recently sus- 
tained a broken jaw and a 
broken leg. 


Gontisaed Gran page 31 


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8.00 CmSbxAM. 

R50 Breakfast Tima with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood. Weather at 
&56r regional news, 

. . weather and traffic at 6-57. 

7J» f 7JWand04»s “ 
: national artf international 
■2?P*l fA 7 * 30 * 8 - 00 * 

aao and 940; sport at 
*Sff* MOj.LynnFauWs 
Wopd^oonswner report 

at 8.15s and a review of the 

s pijiy 



illut if n 

t << J ,l m ' - • fi 

Thi&last film in the 
Children's FSm foundation 
season Is an adventure , 
about a schoolboy pop 
group who discover a 

535 TheFEhtstones. 

S40- News with Sue Lawley and 

- Nicholas Witchen. 


645 London Mbs. 

7 M Wogan. Tonight's guests 

- include Sting, Lucy Irvine. 
Las Denis and Sandie 

740 I’ve Got a Secret Jan 
Leemtog, Richard Stitooe, 
Sandra Dickinson and 


. with other surprises sends 
her scuttling to the 

9.00 News with John HumphiyS 
and Andrew Harveys . . 
Weather. , 

940 Big DeaL Episode two of - 
the comedy dramaserial * 


ElB i i 

1140 Fmc The Kffingo* Randy 
Webster p 980) starring 
Hal Koftjrookand Owe 
Carter. A made-for- 

-television drama, based 

■ on fact, abort a fathers 

campaign to dear his 
son's name after ha was . 
shot dead by the Houston 
■ police who claimed he was 
- an armed robber. Directed 
bv Sam Wanamaker. 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Christopher Davaile is a 
partnership of opposites: 
Globus haraly opens his mouth, 
Golan hardy ever stops 

talking. Most of his talk is about 
money, though Globus Is 

supposed to oe the financial 
wizard. On whether G and G 
are a good thing for Britain, me 

programme offers 
contrasting evidence. They 
certainly get fame made and 
serious directors tike Franco 
Zeffirefli and John 


j ; f i j 

Gascoigne &2S Thames 
news headlines 3.30 Sons 
and Daughters. 

4.00 Rainbow. A . repeat of the 
programme shown at 

• — 12.) 04.1 5 The Blunder*. 
Cartoon series about mi 
accident-prone family. 
With the voice of Frankie 
Howard. 445 ScoobyDoo 
4-50 The Btzz. Pop videos 
and fashion news 
presented by Kelly Temple 
and Usa Maxwell - 

5.15 Homes fbr Cou r ses. Visits 
to the Ada Cole Memorial 
Stables and the Reading 
Horse sales; and meet the 
handy trying to popularise 

545 News with Carol Barnes. 

640 The 6 CClock Show 
presented by Michael 

7.00 Me and My Ghl Comedy 
series starrino Richard 

M ll II MB 

- iiT v-'J lj ■ 

' S ' • • 1 1 f t l /..| ?. . • ®:,3 





nnja inwnww* 

MPs. Followed by LWT, 
news headlines. 

11.09 The World Cup* A - 
Captain** Tale. The 
dramatized story of Sir 

Thomas Upton's team of 

amateurs representing 
England in the first World 
Cup, held in 1910. Starring 
Dennis Waterman, (r) 

scenes took at the film that 
was premiered on 

1JOO Earth, Wlnd andRre. The 

— soul group In concert 

145 Night Tfcaugnts. . 

£ cemeteries of the First 
World War. (ends at 2.25) 
.240 Alan Ayckbourn 
- ' directs a production oftfis 
play, A Cut in the Rates. 
j ks Ceefax. - 
150 international God . Further 

round of tiie Whyte 


exploration of the natural 
history of a Devon farm. 
(First shown on BBC 

640 FBm: Like Normal People 

(1379) starring Shaun 
Cassidy and Linda Puri. . 

• The made-for-teteviston 
story, based on fact, about 
two mentally handicapped 
people who tell in love, 
and their fight for the right 
to marry. Directed by 
Harvey Hart 

72 House and Home. Tha 
sixth programme of 
Nicholas Taylor's series 
. on the history of tee ■ 
smafier home. (Ceefax) 

840 Orchestra. Part three of 
Jane Glover's story of the ' 
' evolution of the modem - 
symphony orchestra 
• examinee tfta impact of 
the invention of the .: 

• clarinet (r> • - 

830 Gardeners' World. Geoff 
. Hamilton examines the 
latest results of a test 
between organic and 
Inorganic methods of 
raising healthy crops- 

940 Entertai nm ent DSA2- In B 
Paso, Jonathan King ' 
meets a high-price private 
eye: and F Murray . 
Abraham, star of 
Amadeus, (revised repeat) 

930 Your Life in Their Hands. 

' A fifcn about 44-year okj 
Beryl Denby-Honweil and 
her series of operations 
for breast cancer. (Ceefax) 

10.10 Stevie Wander. Mark 
Ken in conversation with 
the celebrated singer who 
discusses his work, 
pofitics and ‘inner visron' 

10.40 NewsnighL 

112 Weather. 

1140 ’ The Lords This Week. 
Christopher Jones 

. w^eprcc^^^s in the. 
House of Lords. 

12.10 Whistle Test A repeat of 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Mark Kingston from 
Liverpool. Richard 
Whiteley istha 

540 Car 54 Where Are YouT 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York policemen, this 
' week helping the' 

Schna users celebrate 15 

530 ^TteCtwrt Shtwr?The 
latest pop music charts 
from this country and 

8.15 Revhl A review of the 
week’s video releases. 

630 SofidSouL Performing live 
are Heaven 17 with Jimmy 
Ruffin, Dhar Braxton and 
Total Contrast On video 
are Atlantic Star and Janet 
Jackson. Presented by 
Jufietto Roberts and Chris 

740 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart Weather. 

730 Book Choice. Margaret 
Forster reviews Sue 
Miller's first novel, The 
Good Mother. 

840 What the Papers Say. 

' With Alan Rusbrrdger of 
• 1 . The Guardian. 

8.1.5 Bandung Filer Magazine 4 
programme for Aran and 
Afrb-Caribbeari viewers. - 


series 8tarrfng£N Cosby ■ ■ 
as a come ntedfy married 
obstetrici an happier - - - - 

defivertnq babies than 

fivira with them. 

92 G ar dener s ’ Ca le nda r 

Roadshow from Plymouth. 

• The Royal Horticultural 
Society's experts on hand 
.are Sid Love, Ray Waite 
and David Mulford. 

102 Cheers. Frasier tells first . . 
time ior Candi, a girl fixed 
. up for him by Sam. 


102 life's Cycle. The second 
of five programmes 
dealing with health 

on it when he likens hi 
the troubadours of the middle 
ages who went out into the 
market places and tok) 
stories to people living dreary 


DEADLINES (Radio 4, 830pm) 
Lord (Hugh) Cutffipp reflects 
with engaging Welsh eloquence 
on his Iron newspapers. The 
son of a commercial travaBer 
who never read a book in Ws 
life, the yoiotg Hugh got his 

Radio 4 

On tong wave. VHF variations at 

535 am Shipping Forecast B40 
News Briefing: Weather 

8.10 Fanning 835 Prayer For 
The Day (s) 

630 Today, M 62. 72. 

62 News Summary 
645 Business News 635. 
7JS5 Weather 72, 82 
Today's News 72 82 
Sport 7.45 Thought for 
the Day 835 Yesterday in 
Partament 830 Your 
Letters 837 Weather, Travel 
92 News 

945 Sx Man. Anne Brown 
talks to rock sarger /an 

92 Hot Mr. Anthony Smith 
and TV w e athe rman lan 
McCaskH take a trip in a 

102 News; international 
Assignment BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

102 Morning Story: Turning 
Points, by Jffl Norris. 

1045 Dafly Service (s) 

112 News; Travel: NATO, A 
- Time For Change. 
Christopher Lee examines 
the past present and 
future of NATO. 

112 Natural Selection. A 

Norman pigeon housakt 
• ■ Wales.' ' 

122 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper hears the latest on 

1237 The Cabaret Upstairs (s) 
[new series] A tasts of 
the top acts on the London 
cabaret circuit 1255 

12 The World At Orm; News 
12 The Archers 135 
Shipping Forecast 
22 News; woman's Hour, 
Muring how the 
Birmingham Bike Campaign 
Is planning to mark 
National Bike Week. 

32 News: No Highway (s) 

Nevfl State's novel - 
dramatized In 3 parts 42 

42 The News HuddHneafs) 
Last of the present 

42 Kaleidoscope, repeat of 

540 PM: News magazine 52 
Shipping Forecast 535 
-Weather *. 

62 News; Financial Report 
52 Going Places. Ctive 
Jacobs and me team 
e xamine the w orld of travel 
and transport 
72 News 

745 The Archers ■ • 

women. Tonight’s film 
deals with miscarriages. 

112 Fine Lonng Ground 

(1982). A comedy about a 
young black couple's 
marital problems 
exacerbated by the wife's 
search for ecstacy. 
Starring Seret Scott and 
BN Gunn. Directed by 
Kathleen Collins. 

Lanche star's corns that so 
enraged her husband, 

Chaifes Laughton, that be 
threatened CucNpp with a 
harsewftp, CirtStpp’s 
achievement was to fake tee 
Mirror closer to the Ihres of its 
readers. He had a Bair for the 
common touch and reckons that 
the key to a successful paper . 
is to reflect what the people 

Peter Waymark 

Meredith Davies. J. C. Bach 
(The Periodical Overture 
No 1 , in D), Malcolm Arnold 
iStftfonletta No 3. Op 65), 
Barber (Adagio), 

(Diwarti me nto for chamber 

112 GersddHnzL Earth. Air 
end Rain, Op 15: 



m m S Szm m 

h r ." . tt" 

PonchtefB Tnos. Michael 
Collins (clarinet). Angela 


. .. 

Radio 3 

6.55 Weather. 72 News. 

72 Morning Concert 
Rosstoi (Overtire; U 
viag^o a Reims). Mozart 
irano Concerto No 19, 

. in F. K45B), Haydn 
(Symphony No 32, in C). 

T" J 



Variations: CBfford Curzon, 
piano), Gluck (Dwtretos 
du Styx: Alcesta. Marie 
CaHas, soprano), 

. Schubert Orrerromptu in A 
flat, D 699 No 4), 

Schubert (Symphony No 3, in 1 

92 News 

9.05 This Week’s Composer 
Rubbra. Lauda Sion. Op 

| ilif (*T-K 



(Commadla II. for flute, 
cello and piano). 

112 Blue Notes on a White 
Plana Richard Rodney 
Bennett plays his Own (322 

1137 News. 122 Closedown. 
VHF only. From 635- 
635am Open University: 
Maths Foundation 

Radio 2 


On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half hour from ■ 
630am until 930pm and at 122 

52am Adrian John 72 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 92 Andy 
Peebles 1230pm Nawsbeat 
with Frank Partridge 1245 Gary 
Davies 3.00 Mike Read 52 
Newsbeet with Frank Partridge 
5.45 Singled Out 72 Andy 
Peebles 1040-122 The Friday 
Rock Show fs) with Tommy 
Vance VHF RADIOS 1 ft 2: 440am 
As Radio 2. 10.00pm As Ratio 
1. 122-440am As Radio 2. 



1&2D Bttnr Heat end Oust (Juab CTHsw) 


Reports 12 Week In WawUNFUO 
HO&030-4JM Yowig Doctors S.15-535 
MouMrap 840 Granada Reports 
830 Me and My Girt 740 Alton Market 
730-830T J Hooker 1030 Celetxe- 
tlan 1140 V 114S Horror Show 130 mi 
C losedown. 


140 Love Story 230440 Jazz Ufa 
5lS-ti4S Connections 640 NorthTo- 
n«nr 740 Albion Market 1030- 1 140 
Crossfte 1230am News. Closedown. 


. 135 Help Yousell 130 FBni: Mark of 
the Ptwenbt 235-340 Home Cookery 
CU>5.1»645 Now You See It K40 
Catander S30 Me end My Girl 740 AMon 
Market 730-830 Fall Guy 1030 
world Cup — A Captain s TbJo 1240 
That's Nanywood 1 2 3 0a m 


F*!E Escape to Bumte 5.15&45 
NOW You See It 040 News 740 AlNQn 
Market 730*30 Knmht Rider 103S 
Centrel Weekend 1240 FBnc Wend of 
Terror 140am Closedown. 


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Ceatzooedoa page 

FRIDAY MAY 23 1986 




with Robson 

From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Colorado Springs 

The name of Gary Bailey 
has become lhe 22nd and last 
to be written down on the list 
of England's official World 
Cup party. Yei, as the doubt 
lifted about the fitness of one 
of the two Manchester United 
representatives, so concern 
was deepening about the 
availability of the other. Bryan 

Bailey, the third-choice 
goalkeeper, is a valuable 
member of the squad but 
arguably the least rmponanL 
Bryan Robson, the captain 
and leading goaiscorer. stands 
at the other end of the scale. If 
he were noL he. rather than his 
club colleague, would have 
been waiting anxiously for the 
doctors report. 

England’s manager admit- 
ted: “1 have thought about a 
replacement for him. but he is 
too valuable to us. I will not 
risk him in the game against 
Canada on Saturday and he is 
not as fit as 1 would like, but I 
am basing my hopes on the 
fact that he will play in our 
opening tie against 
Pori usual." 

The problem is the Achilles 
tendon that he damaged when 
running around the hard sur- 
face of the perimeter of the 
lake outside the team's hotel 
Although he played for 45 
minutes and scored against 
South Korea and for 70 min- 
utes against Mexico last week, 
he has not been able to train 

It is becoming depressingly 
and alarmingly clear that he is 
unlikely to play a complete 
role in England's programme 
in the finals. Bobby Robson 
said: “Neither of us can tell 
whether he will break down 
when he comes back. Nor can 
anybody else, although he 
himself is confident. All he 
needs is luck at the end of a 
miserable season. Let’s hope 
he gets it" 

The England manager then 
looked up in supplication at 

the ceiling. Earlier, during a 
visit to the Garden of the 
Gods, a sandstone cathedral 
carved by nature nearby and 
once regarded as sacred by the 
Indians, he had said a prayer 
for his captain. 

Whatever happens, fate 
seems once again to have dealt 
cruelly with England's leader 
in the World Cup. Before the 

Butcher frozen 

The Football Association 
have frozen possible disciplin- 
ary action against Terry 
Butcher, allowing the England 
and Ipswich centre half to 
continue his World Cup prepa- 
rations without the fear of 
suspension. Butcher was re- 
ported by the referee for his 
actions at the end of Ipswich’s 
match at West Ham on April 
30. A charge of bringing the 
game into disrepute might 
have forced the FA to deal 
with him daring the World 
Cap. but they bare decided to 
suspend the matter until after 
the finals. 

1970 tournament in Mexico 
Bobby Moore was the victim 
of a fabricated case in Bogota 
involving a stolen bracelet 
Before the 1982 event in 
Spain. Kevin Keegan was 
injured and his contribution 
was reduced to the closing 
minutes of the last game. 

Even if Robson docs line up 
for the crucial first game 
against Portugual on the late 
afternoon of June 3, it would 
be unrealistic to expect him to 
be involved throughout in the 
stifling heat of Monterrey — 
the temperature there is cur- 
rently 90 degrees during the 
day and climbing. 

If he is not, his place will be 
taken by Hodge, whose own 
fitness "was not confirmed 
until Wednesday, when be ran 
"as quick as a deer". His 
international experience so far 

is limited to the last haJf-hour 
against the Soviet Union and 
the first hour against Scotland. 

Bobby Robson is still hop- 
ing to fit another practice 
match into his schedule of 
preparations, against either 
Monterrey or Tampico next 
week at a venue that has also 
yet to be decided. If so. Bryan 
Robson's period of "nursing” 
will probably end. Otherwise 
he will be coated heavily in 

Bailey, who had a cartilage 
removed a month ago. had to 
wait until a morning inspec- 
tion to check whether the 
knee, which had been tested 
rigorously on Wednesday. ’ 
swollen. If it had been, BoL-uj 
Robson would have had no 
choice but to “break his heart" 
and send him home. 

Bailey said later “1 was very 
nervous, tike a schoolboy 
taking bis exams. My hands 
were sh akin g, which is hardly 
good for a goalkeeper. With 
the cameras rolling all the 
time, the test was an ordeal. It 
has been an awful season with 
hamstring, calf and cartilage 
injuries, but now obviously " 
am delighted.” 

Three of Everton’s repre- 
sentatives have been idle since 
their belated arrival here and 
two of them. Lineker and 
Stevens, are expected to be 
included today in the side who 
will take on the Canadians in 
Vancouver. Lineker’s partners 
in the front line are likely to be 
Hateley and either Waddle or 

Hodge, who has performed 
so far here only in the practice 
game against the Air Force, 
will gain his third cap along- 
side Hoddle and Wilkins in 
midfield. Stevens will come in 
for Anderson at right back in a 
defence that will probably be 
otherwise unchanged, with 
Butcher, Fenwick and Sanson 
carrying out the collective 
duty of protecting Shilton. 

gl® • 

* — - »= can’t be 


On your knees: Michel Platini, of France, is brought down to earth in this dose encounter with a Guatemala defender in a 
World Cap practice match in Mexico City. Undeterred, the French went on to win 8-1. 

Carter favourite to take over 


Phil Carter is set to take 
over the Football League pres- 
idency after masterminding 
the reforms which have 
brought First division clubs 
more money and more power. 
The Everton chairman is ex- 
erted to depose Jack 
unnett, president for the 
past five years, at the League's 
annual meeting in London 

Carter was well beaten when 
he challenged Dunnett two 
years ago. but his stature has 
grown with the role he played 
in bringing about the changes 
which eventually averted the 
threat of a Super League. 

He was ready to join the 
rebels in breaking away if their 
plans for reform were not 
agreed, but always insisted 
that he would rather keep the 

League's 92 dubs under one 

Carter, aged 58. emerged as 
the spokesman for the top 
dubs during last season's con- 
flict and his popularity was 
confirmed when he topped the 
poll in the elections for the 
new management committee. 
The fim division dubs now 
have one and a half votes each 
and if they all back Carier 
tomorrow, he will become 

Dunnett aged 64 and the 
chairman of Notts County, 
can expect the backing of the 
third and fourth division 
clubs, but they have only eight 
votes among them. 

The major restructuring is- 
sues were all decided at last 
month's extraordinary meet- 
ing of the League's chairmen 

and tomorrow's main debat- 
ing point will be artificial 
pilches. Leicester City want 
synthetic surfaces banned 
from the first and second 
divisions from July 1988 but 
need a two-thirds majority 
Pitch battle. Page 30 

Brady is out 

Liam Brady has pulled out 
of the Republic of Ireland's 
two-match tour to Iceland and 
Czechoslovakia after injuring 
his knee while playing for 
Inter Milan against A C Roma 
ia the Italian Cup on Wednes- 
day. The former .Arsenal mid- 
field player's withdrawal and 
that of the Everton player, 
Kevin Sheedy, also with knee 
trouble, reduces the 
Republic's squad to 14 


Business [biz' nes) JA.-S. bisigness (BUSY, - 
NESS)!. n. strious occupation, work: professional 
affairs: buying and selling: man of business: One 
engaged in mercantile transactions; one skilled 
in business: business-like. a. Suitable for or 
befitting business: business suit, n. (Am.) A 
lounge suit. 

toil HI L LIST Of BK A:\rtlF.* R I Ml il|.*tn |.i t ,T 


£20m for 

A £20 million scheme to 
improve Britain's indoor facil- 
ities was announced yesterday 
by the Lawn Tennis Associa- 
tion (LTA). the Sports Council 
and the All England Gub. 

The plan, to be known as 
the Indoor Tennis Initiative, 
is ah attempt to bring British 
facilities in line with those of 
other European countries. The 
aim is to build 100 new indoor 
tennis centres with ai least 500 
covered courts throughout 

Each of the three bodies is 
committing £500,000 a year 
over the next five years. Geoff 
Brown, the LTA president, 
said: "We believe that the 
Indoor Tennis Initiative will 
create the necessary stimulus 
to bring about a dramatic 
improvement in facilities.” 

Paris seedings 

Paris (AP) — Ivan Lendl and 
Martina Navratilova are the 
No. I seeds for the singles 
events at the French Open 
championships which begin 
on Monday. The seedings are 
based on the latest computer 
rankings issued by the Associ- 
ation of Tennis Professionals 
and the Women’s Tennis 

MEN’S SINGLES: 1. 1 Land ICz); 2, 
M Wflander (Swafc 3, 8 Backer 
IWGfc 4. Y Noah (ft* S. S EdtJera 
(Swe): 6. J Nystrom (Swe* 7. A. 
Jarryd (Swe): 8, H Leconte (FT): 9. A 
Gomez (Eck 10. T Tulasne (Frfc 11, 
M Jfttta (Arg); 12, G VSas (Arg); 13, J 
Kriek (US); 14, E Sanchez (So); 15. J 
Arias rUSk 16, H Gunthardt (Switz). 

Navratilova (US* 2, C Lloyd (US); 3. 
S Graf (WGt 4, C Konde-KBsch 
", H MandUkcva (Cite B. B 
(Cz|; 7, k RJnakS (US): B, M 
Maleeva (Bid): 9. G Sabatini (Arg); 
10, 2 Garrison (US); 11. K Jordan 
(US); 12. C Undqvtet (Swe); 13, C 
Basset (Can); 14, A Temesvari 
is, A White, (US); 16. T 


S Africans 

their case 

By Paul Martin 

With the threat of expnision 
from rugby's world arena 
looming nearer, Sooth Africa 
has claimed that its award of 
caps for the four-match series 
against the unauthorized New 
Zealand tourists does not vio- 
late the International Rugby 
Board's rales — nor is it 

Dr Danie Craven, chairman 
of the Sooth African Rugby 
Board, maintains that each 
country has the right to award 
caps even when playing teams 
representing none of the other 
seven IRB members. "It is onr 
own business,” few said yester- 
day, citing examples of other 
members who have awarded 
caps for matches against Ro- 
mania and even Fiji. He could 
not. however, find another 
case of caps being awarded for 
matches against supposedly 
private, and certainly unautho- 
rized, tourists. 

Craven has yet to respond to 
an IRB telex asking for a foil 
explanation of the tour’s orga- 
nization, stains and finance, 
and again urging its cancella- 
tion. Hie Board, meanwhile, is 
examining whether the award 
of national honours makes the 
unauthorized visit an "interna- 
tional tour" under existing 

Under the Board's loosely 
framed terms, however, die 
South Africans may, techni- 
cally, not have breached a 
single rule — except the pay- 
ment of a daily allowance on 
(by South Africa's own argu- 
ment) a non-international 
tour. But to hang the Sooth 
Africans on that hook would 
seem stingy, as the rule is 
widely regarded by players as 
being too restrictive. 

There is a glut of allegations 
that payments and rewards for 
the tooling New Zealanders, 
and even for the South Afri- 
cans, are in a different league 
to the modest, officially sanc- 
tioned allowances for interna- 
tional tours. There is, 
however, little evidence to 
support the churns. 

A solution favoured by sev- 
eral IRB members is a danse 
allowing expnision not only for 
breaching a specific IRB regu- 
lation, but also for bringing the 
game into disrepute. If the 
recommendation is accepted at 
the IRB's session in October, 
the ground for Sooth Africa’s 
expulsion will effectively have 
been laid. 

Bruno bout 

Mike Barrett, the London 
boxing promoter, claimed 
again yesterday that Frank 
Bruno will definitely meet 
Tim Witherspoon, of the 
United States, for the world 
heavyweight title at Wembley 
Stadium on July 19. He also 
said that I TV was trying to 
forte' lhe bout to be switched 
to America because of an 
agreement with Don King, 
who controls most world 
heavyweight championship 

Barrett said ITVs claim 
the previous night that they 
had agreed to the television 
rights for the bout with King 
was incorrect, misleading and 
mischievous. “The fight will 
be promoted by Mike Barrett 
and Micky Duff and will be 
shown on delayed television 
by BBC," he said, adding BBC 
will pay in excess of the 
$600,000 (about £397,000) of- 
fered by ITV. 

Bullough ban 

David Bullough, the Ful- 
ham forward who was sent oft 
against Mansfield on May 10, 
was suspended for six matches 
by the Rugby League disci- 
plinary committee yesterday. 


TCCB force Botham to 
defend on four fronts 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

When Ian Botham feces the Somerset's behalf, Tony Director 


of Public | 

disciplinary committee of the 
Test and County Cricket 
Board at Lord’s next Thurs- 
day, ii will be to answer four 
charges resulting from the 
article in last week's Mail On 
Sunday in which, contrary to 
what he has always said, he 
admitted to having smoked 
cannabis on occasions in the 

The counts against him are 
that he has brought the game 
into disrepute: 

O by using cannabis, 

• by admitting to having used 

• by denying that in the past 
he had used the drug. 

0 by making public pro- 
nouncements without the 
clearance of his county. 

Botham was withdrawn on 
Monday from the England 
patty to play in the two 
Texaco Trophy one-day inter- 
nationals — at The Oval 
tomorrow and Old Trafford 
on Monday — pending the 
outcome of the Board's inqui- 
ries and their meeting with the 
player. Speaking on 

Brown, their secretary, 
yesterday that Botham was 
confident of being able to 
answer the first three charges 
satisfactorily, but not the lasL 
He admits to having been in 
breach of the Board’s regula- 
tion which requires players to 
submit newspaper articles to 
their connties before publkar 
lion. Botham has apologized 
to Somerset for this, and said 
that he acted on legal advice. 

The article amounted, in 
feet, to a negotiated legal 
document, Botham agreeing 
that bis fee for writing his 
"confessions” for the Mail On 
Sunday should be pnt towards 
tire escalating costs of the libel 
action which Botham had 
brought against the paper, and 
which he was obviously going 
to be hard pushed to contest. 
Botham is also suing the News 
Of The World for two more 
recent articles, and the results 
of police inquiries into accusa- 
tions of drug-taking during his 
charity walk from John 
O'Groals to Land’s End were 
forwarded last week to the 


Having been too indulgent, 
or trusting, for too long, the 
Board know now that the time 
has come to act They have 
picked on the feet that i 
Botham admitted in his article 
to haying taken drugs after 
becoming an international 
cricketer but Botham can stfO 
claim that it was before the 
Board introduced the present 
measures aimed at dim mat- 
ing drug abuse, such as it is. 
within the game: 

Sportsmen have never been 
paragons. Many of them 
would not have become the 
stars they have if they had 
been. When I read this week 
that Denis Compton, a mar- 
vellous tourist, and my 
favourite cricketer, said that 
his generation "didn’t even 
have a drink,” I knew there 
must have been a printer’s 
error. Where cricketers were 
fortunate in those days was 
that drugs barely existed. Had 
they, modem administrators 
might have known what toi 
look for. 


Youth leads dressage parade 

From a Special Correspondent, Gawler, Sentfa Australia 

Anne-Marie Taylor, the 
youngest member of the Brit- 
ish squad at the world three- 
day event championships 
here, has a tenuous lead at the 
end of the first clay's dressa ge 
with the 10-year-old Justyn 
Thyme VI. Added to the 
British squad at the last 
moment when Captain Mark 
Phillips's Distinctive went 
down with ringworm, she 
performed a very light and 
well-controlled test to finish 
with 50.2 penalties. 

This was two penalties few- 
er than the other British 
individual rider, Mandy Or- 
chard, on Venture Busby, and 
tire American team membra-, 
Derek di Grazia, on 
Sasquatch, who share second 

Taylor, who will celebrate 
her 22nd birthday on Mon- 
day. admitted it was unlikely 
she would keep ahead with 20 
of the field of 43 riders still to 
compete in today’s second 
dressage session. "If I'm still 


here (on lop) on Saturday, TD 
be drunk," she said. 

The j my, Vkomte Jurien de 
la Graviere, flora Fiance, 
Anton Buhler, of Switzerland, 
and Bernd Springonun, of 
West Germany, who were 
judging together for the third 
time this year, were not in 
accord with their plaangs, 
only Springorum placing MBs 
Taylor fim. They also admit- 
ted that they expected to see 
the better riders going today, 
when among those scheduled 
to start are Virginia Leng, with 
Priceless, who is the last 
member of tire British team to 
go, and New Zealand’s Mark 
Todd, the reigning Olympic 
medal winner, with 

ter. The Scotswoman was 
fighting Myross from the time 
that she entered the arena, 
keeping him on a very tight 
rein to prevent a possible 
explosion, and generally was 

However with the second 
American team member, Ka- 
ren Strives, doing an incredi- 
bly bad test on Flying Colours, 
by tire well-known British 
national hnnt stallion. Idiot's 
Delight, and the Germans not 
entirely getting their act to- 
gether, the team competition 
is still very much open. 



A great deal of sport is 
selfishness. Monique 
Bertfanx, the former director 
of the I nt e rnati onal Olympic 
Co mmitte e, insists that top 
sportsmen tew to be selfish to 
succeed , True, in setae sports 
there is the team thing hot that 
is as well as, oat instead fee 
absorbing preoccupation with 
my performance. my body, my 
crucial tackle, my sta mpin g. 

Indeed, the seff-ohsessaoB of 
yonr average bead-banded 
marathon rzsara can at times 
look ffice a narossis® that 
o utstri p s anything that tire 
most pose-coosms pop star:* 
can aduere- 

Sport and pop music are 
both areas characterized by 
self-ofesesslon. And both these 
areas produce, that extraordi- 
nary thing, the star. Stas 
provoke extreme reactions a 
their • public: adoration and 
loathing. Boy George and bn 
Botham are stars, both mon- 
sters of seff-projection. 

Many hob! such people ia 
contempt. Perhaps it is the 
apparent selfishness of It all 
that ijwkles so deeply with 
such people. But it is not Che 
solid and selfless citizens, fast 
the seemingly self-obsessed 
worlds of pop marie and sport : 
<hat hare done more, for more, 
to raise money for starring 
Africans: to relieve what M*- 
tael Beerk of the BBC 
memorably called “a famine of 
BibScal proportions.” 

Bringing people 
to their senses 

The sportsmen, like the pop 
stars, bare done wsnderfnSy, 
Less weAderjhl has been some 
of the staff that has been going 
on backstage. It is practically 
always the mm-players who 
make the real triable in sport. 
For example, I kapw of one , 
agent who refused to release 1 
bis star unless he received a 
g u aran tee that the relevant 
Sport Aid event would be 

But that is as nothing 
compared to Che Rugby Foot- 
ball Union. At their general 
committee meeting there were 
a number of vociferous speech- 
es against doing anything fra 
Sport Aid. "It’s their fault 
they’re in the mess," was the 
sort of view pat forward. It 
took a powerful speech by 
Peter Dixon, (he tanner Brit- 
ish Lion, to bring people to 
thrar senses. 

Then, of course, the West 
Indies Cricket Baud Of Con- 
trol made difficulties abort the 
fund-raising natch between 
the West Indies and the Rest 
of the World oa Tuesday. The 
reason was the presence of 
CGve Rice ... a white Sooth 
African giving op his time in 
order to raise money for 
rriag Mack people. Yon 
would have thought this might 
have been an occasion for 
giving (he politicking a rest. 

The burden of Bob GekJoTs 
spiratioB is that e v er yon e 
has a responsibility to the rest 
of the world. Bnt ia 
Gmsborongh, they do not be- 
lieve they have responsibilities 
outside Yorkshire. 

The British team members 
to go yesterday, Clarissa 
Strachan, with Delphy Dazzle, 
and Loma Clarke, with 
Myross, did not flue very well. 
Miss Strachan, who . started 
the day, scored 68.4 and Mrs 
Clarke was five penalties bet- 


Following the death of the 
speedway rider, Kenny Carter, 
from a gunshot wound at his 
home, Louis Care, who rides 
for Ipswich in the British 
League, has been named as a 
replacement in the British 
individual championship final 
at Coventry on Sunday week. 

Obituary, page 14 

id Venture Busby (M Orchard, 
GB). 52.20; 4, Jupilte (V BertheL Frt, 
54.60. 5, Chief (M Main, NZ). 5060; 
B, Persia (J Thompson, Aus). 59.60; 
7, Steiney Time (H F Nagel, WG), 
61.80: 8, Myross (L CU 
63.40; 9. Phffip (C W« 

64.00: 10. Bfuestone (J'M Plumb; 
US), 65.20. Other BritMi ptaongs: 
equal 14, Detofty Pareto (C 
Strachan), 68.40. 


Ovett longer distances 

Ovett duel 

Steve Ovett will race i 
Jose-Luis Gonzalez, 
over 3.000 or 5,000 metres at 
the Sale Farm Ulster Games 
in Belfast on June 3a Both 
athletes have announced plans 
to specialise in the higher 
distances this season, and 
their confrontation will be a 
highlight of the meeting. 

Dean elevated 

Robert Dean, aged 74 and 
the former chairman of British. 
Equestrian Promotions, is to 
succeed Mrs Pat Koechlin- 
Smyihe as president of the 
British Showjumping 

The Columbian team have 
been barred from the Milk 
Race, which begins on Sun- 
day, and will not be invited 
again. The Columbians failed 
to confirm their entry, and 
Brian Elliott, race organizer, 
has withdrawn the invitation 
for them to compete in the 
1. 150-mfle race. 

Smith invited 

Harvey Smith will take part 
in the Royal international 
horse show next month after 
alL He did not qualify for the 
show — at the National Exhi- 
bition Centre, Birmingham, 
from June 12 to 15. But now 
that some foreign riders have 
pulled out, the organizers have 
issued extra invitations to 
Smith and two leading wool- 
en sbowjumpers, Helena 
Dickinson and Jean Germany. 

An action which 
defies belief 

Gmsborough, the Yorkshire 
league cricket dab, refused to 
release Desmond Haynes, 
hr profiessfrmai, fax the 
Sport Aid match, an action 
which defies belief. Never 
mind t' starving Africans, lad: 

this is a Hwrtw jiffiw^ing 

Yorkshire cricket. 

The various actions of these 
m i • , - | back-room people strike me as 

laylor GU1CKJV rafl/ c *? m P ,es °f toinghm a 

* - " . » 1 game into disrepute. The 

sportsmen themselves who 
took part — or tried to take 
part — have done a lot far 
sport, as wen as for more 
important causes. I might 
jle oat one sportsman t 
whose record for raising moa- y 
ey for charities is especially 

Some, who delight in seeing 
exceptional men brought low, 
object to this fellow more than 
most. However, he has raised 
rather more for leukaemia 
research than most of his 
detractors. He plans to raise 
even more by takmg elephants 
across the Alps is HmnribaTs 
paw prints^ good tor him. Not 
a small man, rtifa one, nnfflre 
many of his detractors. 

But what rotten lark it was 
that Edgbaston was so wet fur 
the match on Tuesday. There 
was so much water about that -J 
Bob GeUof could have walked 
on ft. A great man. It is be that 
has sparked tire week’s efforts, 

and I hope this weekend's 
runners raise a fortune. Fam- 
ine is the reason for it aQ. 
Anyone who has ever had a 
decent cricket tea or who has 
had a cheese and pickle sand- 
wich in front of the tefly when 
the sport has been on, should 
give thanks — and fob s little 
cash in ast. African direction* It 
would be an ap p ro pri ate 



on good luck 

By George Ac* 

After winning the opening 
frame by 65-64, Dennis Tay- 
lor. the defending champion, 
reached the find of the Irish 
professional championship, 
sponsored by Strongbow, at 
Maysfidd Leisure Centre, Bel- 
fast, yesterday, beating Tom- 
my Murphy, a local playier, 6- 

Taytor went four frames 
ahead before Murphy, with a 
break of 54 in the fifth, opened 
his account. Murphy led by 21 
points in the opening frame 
with only 22 left on the table, 
but mis-cued on a straightfor- 
ward brown. The former 
world champion played su- 
perbly in the next three frames 
to build up his interval lead. 
Murphy won the first frame 
after the break 88-10. Trailing 
4-22 in the seventh, he fluked 
two reds in the same centre 
pocket but Taylor went on to 
win the frame. 

Murphy won the eighth 
frame 63-27, but Taylor 
booked his place in the final 
today by taking the ninth 90- 

RESULTS So«i-firal: D Taylor br T 
78, 10-88, 62-10. 27-63. 9<W5). .