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No 62,466 

MONDAY MAY 26 1986 


Extra spending bids of more 
than £4 billion are being ac- 
tively considered by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence, and Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
bis replacement as Secretary 
of State for Environment in 
last week's Cabinet reshuffle. 

It is understood that Sir 
Keith Joseph. left Mr Baker a 
“substantial” -submission for 
more than £1,000 million ex- 
tra spending on the education 
budget before he left office. 

Thai will cause some sur- 
prise in the Conservative 
ranks, if only because Sir 
Keith has built up a reputation 
as a minister who has previ- 
ously volunteered sacrificial 
cuts in his spending 

But it will also strengthen 
Mr Baker’s band in this 
summer’s behind-the-scenes 
battle for increased invest- 
ment in what is regarded as 
lhe political front line for the 
next election. 

The Prime Minister gave 
Mr Baker no assurances about 
his budget when she offered 
him the education post last 
week. It was said yesterday 
that when he raised the ques- 
tion of extra cash. Mis Marga- 
ret Thatcher responded with a 
non-committal smite. 

Certainly, one report that 
Mr Baker had already been 
promised an extra £1 billion 
was said' yesterday to be 
without foundation and .a 
possible repeat of the confu- 

sion concerning the additional 
£1-25 million which bad al- 
ready been pledged as an 
inducement for a restructuring 
of teachers'' salaries. 

Mr Baker will also be con- 
cerned, however, about . the 
fete of his own request for an 
increase of about £3,000 mil- 
lion in the environment bud- 
get, delivered before he 
switched departments. 

. An estimated £2,000 mil- 
lion of his bid was said last 
' night to have been based on an 
“adjustment for realism”, to 
lake account of the existing 
current spending commit- 
ments of local authorities. 

Of the further £1,000 mil- 
lion designated for. extra 
spending on housing, more 
than a half is thought to be 
taken up by a continuation of 
capital over-spending by local 
authorities who have been 
using up a greater amount of 
their council house and land 
sales receipts than originally 
forecast by the Treasury. 

One government source 
said yesterday that while Mr 
Ridley had not formally with- 
drawn Mr Baker’s letter, be 
was giving the submission the 
most careful consideration. 

Mr Ridley is one of the few 
remaining ministers who fa- 
vour an aU-out priority for tax 

The spending tattle for* 
1987-88 is made more impor- 
tant by the increasing suspi- 
cion that Mrs Thatcher is 

planning to stall the general 
election until 1988. 

While the Prime Minister is 
keen to cut the standard rate 
of income tax still further, and 
to achieve zero inflation, she 
is also aware of the need to 
combat the opposition mes- 
sage that the Conservatives do 
not care about unemployment 
and the present and future 
fabric of schools, hospitals 
and housing. 

Mrs Thatcher's plans for the 
next election manifesto re- 
main unclear. 

It is thought that Sir Keith 
told Mrs Thatcher some 
months back that he would 
not wish to stay on in 
cabinet, “for personal 
reasons." What is not certain 
is whether he wfll make 
himself available for policy- 

If that were the 
would seem most likely .that 
overall control of the manifes- 
to would go to Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
and Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
party chairman. 

It is known that Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Tebbit want 
to pitch their policies on 
education to the “radical 
right”, and that thought has 
already been given to the idea 
of boosing parental choice 
with- vouchers which could be 
used for either public or 
private education, as well as to 
the creation of direct grant 
primary schools for the inner 


Eight; page 
World Cup 

• Group-by-group 
guide to all the 
games in Mexico 

• The form book: 
contenders, dark 
horses and also-rans 

• Player by player 
analysis of England, 
Scotland and 
Northern Ireland 

• Full fixture and 
television guide 

Pages 21-28 

— — 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition prize of 
£8,000 was won outright 
on Saturday. The 

daily prize - which was 
doubled to £8,000 
because no one won on 
Friday - was shared 
by three readers. 
Details* page 3 

• There is no 
competition today 
because of the Bank 

• Rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16 

Fibrosis tare 

Children suffering from cystic 
fibrosis are not receiving the 
best possible treatment be- 
cause of the “spectre of 
incurability” surrounding the 
disease, according jo -a 

Bonn fallout 

The Free Democratic Party in 

foe Bonn coalition Govern- 
ment voted for a review of 
West Germany's nuclear re- 
processing industry in a policy 
change that may embarrass 
Chancellor Kohl e 

Home News 2-4 
Overseas 5-7 
Ait* 1 5 

nnr mg es 14 
Cbe» 4 

Cwrt W 

CrosswBflfe SJo 


Leader* 11 
Lena* 11 
oEr 14 
Kb« 4S 16 
Rrtigwa H 
Sdeur ‘ M 
Sport 29-32 
Thes&esgC 31 
TV&Bsdfe 31 
Weather 16 

ir A A * * * 

Private schools in 

By lacy Hodges* Education Correspondent 

Independent schools are 
gtaraigupfortlffc nextgtaeraT 
election and have formed a 
policy group to do battle with 
the Labour, Liberal and SDP 
parties which are committed 
to -pragratnmes that might 
ham fee-paying schools if any 
of them -were able to form a 

The policy group, chaired 
by Mr Warwick Hele, high 
master of St Paul's boys* 
school in London, meets on 
Wednesday for the first time. 
It wifl be discussing both foe 
policy and tactics to be adopt' 
ed by independent schools in 
foe next general election 

In the 1983 election, private 
schools established more than 
100 action committees in con- 
stituencies around the coun- 
try, and many of these wifi be 
revived this . time round. 
About half of these action 
committees are still in exis- 
tence; new ones will be formed 
and others will be revived. 

Their job was essentially to 
raise independent schooling as 
an issue locally, by putting out 
policy documents, asking can- 
didates questions and ensur- 
ing foe press was informed. 

Mr David Woodhead, di- 
rector of the Independent 
Schools Information Sendee, 
who will be supporting the 
policy group, said; “Indepen- 
dent schooling is crucial as an 
issue because the outcome of 
the next general election is so 
much less easy to predict than 
last time. 

“It is going to be of 
concern in those areas wl 

there tea particular concentra- 
tion of " independent day 
schools, and in those schools 
. which have assisted places. It 
is .also going to be of great 
concern to rural schools and to 
communities where a major 
boarding school is a big local 

The new group, formed by 
foe Independent Schools Joint 
Cbnuhittee, has as members 
Sir David Steel, Lady Waley- 
Coben, Mr Ghiisioper Ever- 
ett, bead of Tonbridge School 
and chairman of foe Head 
Masters Conference, Mrs 
Pauline Mathias, headmis- 
tress of More House School, 
and Mr John dark. 

The main target will be foe 
Labour Party which is com- 
mitted in the short run to 
removing the benefits of chari- 
table status and putting value- 
added tax on fees, and in the 
long run to phasing out fee- 
paying schools. It also wants 
to abolish the assisted places 

But the Social Democratic 
Party is also hostile. It wants 
to phase out foe assisted 
places scheme and conduct a 
review of charitable status as 
part of a general look at 
charity law. . 

Mr Cement Freud, educa- 
tion spokesman for foe Liber- 
al Party, is talking about 
charitable status being avail- 
able to those schools which 
show “community benefit”. 
The idea is that charitable 
status would be awarded to 
independent schools which 
allow their facilities to be used 
by the community. 

Britain’s ‘best time’ 

■ Lord Young of Graffliam, 
Secretary of Slate for Employ- 
ment, embarrassed Tory MPs 
and angered Labour yesterday 
by declaring Britain had never 
had as good a time as it has 

Mr David Mudd, Tory MP 
for Falmouth and Camborne, 
who is pressing the Govern- 
ment to save the jobs of 
Cornish tin miners, said: 
“Some might argue we have 

never known it so tad.” 

Mr John Prescott shadow 
Employment Secretary, said: 
“If Lora Young had made that 
remark in the 1930s he would 
have been lynched. * 

Lord Young, speaking 
on TV-am, told young people: 
“For heaven’s sake, do not tty 
to look for the world your 
parents worked in. Look for 
the world in which you’ve got 
foe opportunity for jobs.” 

One-way traffic only in PaB Mall yesterday afternoon when 200,000 runners 
Sport Aid’s Race Against Time (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Sport Aid 
run draws 
20 million 

By Thomson ftentfee 

Organizers of ''thfc. Race 
Against Time, in which an 
estimated 20 million people 
around the world took part 
yesterday, are hoping that it 
will raise more than £50 
million for the victims of 
famine in Africa. 

The biggest sporting event 
in history, involving 78 coun- 
tries, it seemed likely to be a 

Photographs, report 17 

triumphant sequel to last 
year’s Live Aid pop concert, 
organized by Bob GeldoL 
which raised £48 million. 

About 200,000 people ran a 
six-mile course in Hyde Park, 
London. At foe same time, in 
New York, Sudanese athlete 
Omar Khalifa lit a flame at foe 
United Nations headquarters 
with the torch he had carried 
to 12 European capital cities 
since leaving Khartoum 10 
days before. 

Runners in almost 300 cit- 
ies in North America, Europe, 
Asia and Australasia were 
watched by a global television 
audience of more than 1.5 
billion, linked by 16 satellites. 

More than one million Brit- 
ons are believed to have taken 

Mrs Thatcher, who greeted 
Khalifa when be arrived with 
the torch at Heathrow Airport 
on Saturday, joined Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
prime minister, in applauding 
runners in Jerusalem, where 
she is on an official visit. 

It was disclosed yesterday 
foal Khalifa was refused entry 
to Britain three years ago after 
living here for almost 10 years. 

He -studied at Loughbor- 
ough University but after 
returning from New York, 
where he tad been invited to 
compete, he was barred by 
officials at Heathrow airport 
because his visa had expired. 

His former coach ai the 
university, Mr George Gandy, 
said Khalifa had not been 
allowed to rejoin his wife and 
two children at Loughbor- 
ough. The family were eventu- 
ally reunited after returning 
separately to the Sudan. 

Rural magistrates 
courts face cuts 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Small underworked 
magistrates' benches in En- 
gland and Wales could be 
abolished under a wide-scale 
reorganization of petty ses- 
sional divisions wing pro- 
posed by the Government 

There is concern at the costs 
and inefficiencies caused by 
having small benches in some 
rural areas where there may be 
as few as six JPs who sit as 
little as a dozen half days a 

At. the same time foe Gov- 
ernment is concerned about 
delays and inefficiencies aris- 
ing from over-burdened large 
magistrates' benches of more 
than 1 50 JPs and is proposing 
that more stipendiary magis- 
trates be appointed. 

The proposals are contai ned 
in a consultation paper by foe 
Home Office and Lord 
Chancellor’s department. At 
present there are nearly 630 
petty sessional divisions in 
England and Wales varying in 
size, workload and the num- 
ber of JPs on foe bench. Of 
these, 89 have 12 or fewer 

Magistrates are meant to sit 
a minimum of 26 sessions a 
year. But many small benches 
typically sit only one day a 
week or less, in their separate 

This may not be enough 
business 10 enable each JP to 
gain experience and can have 
cost implications for the po- 
lice, prison officers, and other 
services, foe paper says. 

It proposes reorganizing the 
division boundaries to create 
larger units through mergers. 
This is in line with a trend in 
recent years: 40 years ago 
there were more than 1,000 
petty' sessional divisions. 

Any bench with less than 12 
JPs is unlikely to be balanced 
as regards age, and social and 
political mix, or to allow 
regularly for “new blood”, foe 
paper says, 

it suggests that courts where 
JPs average fewer than 30 
sittings a year, and with fewer 
than 134 planned sittings, 
should be “prima facia 
candidates" for 


Continued on page 2, col 5 

South African Cabinet 
split on police riot role 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Divisions within the South 
African Cabinet were exposed 
at the weekend in the after- 
math of bloody clashes be- 
tween supporters of the ruling 
National Party and members 
Of foe neo-fascist Afrikaner 
Weerstandsbeweging (A WB). 

‘ The fafling-out among Afri- 
kaners temporarily diverted 
attention from the continuing 
clashes between police and 
black riotera, and between 
different black factions, which 
claimed a further 16 lives 
between Friday night and 
yesterday morning in black 
townships in the Eastern Cape 
and in foe Durban and Johan- 
nesburg areas. 

Speaking in the small rural 
town of EUisras, in the north- 
eastern Transvaal, on Satur- 
day. Mr Louis Le Grange, the 

Minister of Law and Order, 
rejected a claim made foe 
previous day by a fellow 
Cabinet minister that AWB 
rowdies had been assisted 
during foe fracas in Peters- 
burg on Thursday night by foe 
inaction of foe police. 

Mr Pietie Du Plessis, foe 
Minister of Manpower, had 
accused foe police of being 
unable, or unwilling, to con- 
trol foe demonstrators. 

Such criticism, Mr Le 
Grange said was made “by 
people who did not have all 
foe available facts 
To stop foe AWB repeating 
its Pieieraburg feat, about 120 
police surrounded the school 
hall where Mr Le Grange was 

Peace door ajar, page 5 

Stag hunt no longer at bay after ban defeated 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The controversial sport of 
stag hunting seems Kkety to 
continue in the South-west for 
foe foreseeable future a fter a 
decision by Somerset Comity 
Council not to ban the 
Qnantock Hard from its land. 
The decision last week, by a 

majority of Conservative and 

Affiance connciHars, was de- 
scribed by. jubilant bant sup- 
porters as a body-blow for the 
- — 1 gainst Crnd Sports, 
wbtcu uw devoted a large part 
of Its resources to famiwignbig 
for a ban- ■ , . , 

Although the land in ques- 
tion was only MO it 
consists of a 

mile wide stretch of moorland 
which it would have been 
impossible to prevent bounds 
from crossing. 

There are three staghtrats 
in the region, the Quantock. 
the Devon and Somerset and 
the Tiverton, and any threat to 
curtail their activities raises 
strong focal passions. - 

Last month more than 1,000 
people attended a public meet- 
ing at the county cricket 
ground in Taunton to hear 
speakers from field sports 
organizations, the league and 
the Royal Society' for foe 
Prevention of Cruelty to Ani- 
mals. The audience was over- 
whelmingly opposed to a ban. 

Waverers am o ng the coun- 

cillors appear also to have had 
some of their doubts fold to 
rest by a recent virit to a meet 
The Laboor group declined the 

Perhaps foe derisive role, 
however, was played by the 
British Dear Society and Sora- 
erset Trast for Nature Conser- 
vation, both of which have 
supported the continuance of 
stag hunting as foe most 
effective means Of enllin^ 
herds and' ensuring thetr 

In die middle, of the last 
century, when the hounds were 
sold to a covetous German 
baron and hunting ceased for 
several years, the deer almost 
became extinct 

The argument used in for 
tout of stag hunting is that It 
enjoys huge support from 
farmers, who, for that reason, 
are happy to tolerate the 
damage done by the deer to 
crops and woodlands. At a 
typical meet there may be 
some 200 followers on horse- 
back and as many again in 
four-wheel drive vehicles mod 
on balloon-tyred motor cycles. 

If banting were banned, the 
argument goes, formers would 
amply shoot any deer on their 

Mr Arira Rickard, regional 
secretary in foe South-west of 
the British Field Sports Soci- 
ety and the Council for Coun- 

try Sports, said yesterday that 
the county council's derision 
acknowledged the importance 
of hunting in maintaining a 
stable deer population. Even 
the “antis” accepted the need 
for coiling, he said. 

But foe controversy is not 
over yet The Nature Conser- 
vation Trust, which has said 
already that foe two greatest 
threats to the deer's survival 
are foe loss of habitat and a 
ban on hunting, has been 
invited to conduct a survey, 
and foe council has said that it 
will meet again in three years 
to discuss whether there is a 
practicable alternative to 

Thatcher urges 
elections for 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

took part in 

Mrs Thatcher bluntly told 
foe Israeli Government last 
night that it should introduce 
elections to create a moderate 
leadership inside the occupied 
territories if there was to be a 
real chance for peace in the 
Middle East. 

In a major policy speech at 
foe Knesset Mrs Thatcher 
assured her hosts foal she had 
come as a friend but she 
said:"We believe that you will 
only find the security you seek 
by recognizing legitimate 
rights for foe Palestinians and 
their just requirements.” 

She said that foe standards 
oflsraci in terms of democra- 
cy and human rights were very 
high and because of those high 
standards more was expected 
of Israel than of other coun- 
tries. There could be no good 
future in a land where there 
were two classes of people 
with different rights. 

She put forward a number 
of practical steps which she 
hoped could bring forward foe 
goal of peace. 

These included steps for foe 
reunification of families, the 
election of representatives on 
local authorities. “Cannot 
more be done now for a 
greater role for these people?” 
she said. “Surely that is foe 
best way to go for peace.” 
Earlier in foe day Mrs 
Thatcher had a meeting last- 
ing two hours 20 minutes with 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, the third be- 
tween the two since last 
October. Before her arrival in 
Israel she had been in touch 
with King Husain of Jordan 
and President Mubarak of 
Egypt, both moderate Arab 
leaders whose help Britain 
biows is essential for Middle 
East peace. 

During her meeting with Mr 
Peres she explored the idea of 
increasing the human rights 
available to the Arab popula- 

tion in the occupied 

Although this is a subject 
which Israeli governments 
have refused to contemplate 
in the past, British sources felt 
pleased that it had been 
possible to hold such a long 
discussion in a friendly way. 

After foe meeting Mrs 
Thatcher said foal there was 
now a vacuum in Middle East 
negotiations and foe impor- 
tant thing was not to be 
depressed by this but to use it 
as an opportunity to try to 
bring forward new ideas. 
There was a hope among 
people in the area that leader- 
ship would come to show 
them the way out of their 

Mrs Thatcher also met Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Foreign 
Minister, who is due to take 
over as Prime Minjsler next 
October. She was particularly 
anxious that Mr Shamir 
would not press ahead with 
plans to increase foe number 
of Israeli settlements inside 
the occupied territories. 

• Libyan charge; Libyan 
Radio described Mrs Thatcher 
as “a child killer” yesterday 
and accused her of joining a 
“crusade" with Israel and foe 
United Slates to eliminate 
Arabs (UP1 reports). 

The radio said that Mrs 
Thatcher had expressed her 
anxiety over “foe slow 
progress in the elimination of 
the Palestinian cause through 
the negotiations of surrender 5 ’. 

The statement, foe com- 
mentator said, was “clear 
proof that the Zionist death 
train which is propelled by 
American and British energy 
has started moving again in 
order to start foe 10th crusade 
to eliminate the Arab nation 
and the Islamic world”. 

Conor Cruise O’Brien, page 10 
Thatcher at memorial, page 16 

Two killed as vintage 
RAF jets collide 

From Michael HorsneU, MUdeuhaU 
Two RAF officers were 

killed when two vintage jet 
fighters collided at the 
MildenhaU air show yester- 
day. The planes crashed dose 
to the perimeter fence of the 
US Airforce base where 
150,000 people gathered for 
the second day of the show. 

The Meteor T7 and a 
Vampire Til, both operation- 
al in the 1950s, burst into 
flames on impact in open fields 
about half a mile from foe 
Suffolk village of MildenhaU. 

The two dead airmen, who 
had been unable to eject from 
the Meteor, were Flight lieu- 
tenant Andrew Potter, aged 
38, a married man with two 
children, from Hemswell, Lin- 
colnshire, who joined the RAF 
in 1968; and Corporal Kevin 

Turner, aged 24, from 
Kirkhallam, Ilkeston, Derby- 
shire, who joined the RAF in 
1978, and was an aircraft 

The two survivors from the 
Vampire were Sqnadron- 
Leader David Marehant aged 
48, married with two children, 
from Northallerton, York- 
shire. a flying instructor and 
examiner, and Sergeant Alan 
Ball, aged 37, a single man, 
from Cheam, Surrey. Both 
men ejected safely before im- 
pact, and were treated for 
minor injuries in bospitaL 

The aircrew were attached 
to the Central Flying School at 
RAF Scam pt on, Lincolnshire. 

The Meteor, which came 
Con tinned on page 2, col 4 


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Business heads 
call for tough 
union laws to 
stop strikes 

Business leaders have called 
■ - on the Government for more 
I . far-reaching reforms of trade 
union laws to prevent strike 
. action in nationalized indus- 
tries and ’"essential public 

‘.‘I The call comes in the wake 
of threats of industrial action 
on British Rail by the Nation- 

- al Union of Railwaymen who 
are fighting the loss of 5,900 

- jobs announced last week. 

A report sent to Lord Young 
of Graffham, Secretary of 
State for Employment, 'from 
the Institute of Directors, 
criticizes the Government for 
not pursuing plans to restrict 
trade union powers which it 
states is the only way to ensure 
economic recovery. 

“There is the danger that 

- those engaged in the process of 

reform do not know where 

- they are going,” Dr Charles 
Hanson, the institute's labour 
relations adviser, says. 

Under the title Trade Union 
Reform - The Next Step . he 
puts forward live measures 
which he says wilt consolidate 
and simplify the 10 statute 
laws relating to industrial 

The five “Plus Measures" 

• Changing the role of the 
arbitration service. Acas, to 
make it more neutral. 

• Limiting or eliminating the 
immunity of trade unions and 
their officials in “essential” 
services such as gas, water 
electricity, fire brigade and 
certain health services. 

• Ending trade union immu- 
nity from all secondary 

• Outlawing closed shop 

• Revising the rules for union 

subscriptions to political 

The institute points to the 
recent prospect of industrial 
action m the power supply 
industry and in British Rail as 
essential monopoly services 
which should not be disrupted 
by strikes. 

Dr Hanson says these and 
other such industries should 
follow Nissan and have strike- 
free agreements similar to 
those negotiated at the car 
manufacturer's new factory in 
the north-east of England.' 

“Strikes are unacceptable 
ways of settling disputes in 
monopoly industries which 
supply certain essential ser- 
vices and it is logical to 
withdraw all legal immunities 
from trade unions who orga- 
nize employees in these 
industries,” the report says. 

The paper also looks at 
alternative proposals for in- 
dustrial relations law reforms, 
in particular those put forward 
by the Labour Party which it 
says “are at basic incompati- 
ble with English legal 
principles”, and gives a warn- 
ing that the aim of Mr John 
Prescott, shadow spokesman 
for employment, to imple- 
ment EEC industrial democra- 
cy plans could frighten, away 
international investments and 
cause job losses. 

The institute urges minis- 
ters to act quickly and push 
forward trade union reforms. 
Dr Hanson added: “With 
the right backing from the 
Prime Minister and the Secre- 
tary of State for Employment 
there seems no reason why 
consolidation of existing law 
could not be achieved within 
the lifetime of the present 

pilot held 
by French 
after chase 

By Gavin Bell 

A pilot who allegedly duped 
the vendors of a light aero- 
plane with Monopoly money 
then took off pursued by other 
light aircraft, a Royal Air 
Force helicopter and a French 
Mirage jet, was languishing in 
a French jaO yesterday. 

The flight began at Barton 
aerodrome, near Manchester, 
and ended about four hours 
later when the Cessna 127 
landed at Creil military air- 
field, north of Paris. 

The French polio? yesterday 
identified the pilot as Mr 
Robert Grant, aged 50, of 
Darras Hall, near Newcastle 
upon Tyne. 

The police alleged Mr Grant 
bad taken the aeroplane on a 
30-minute test flight on Satur- 
day. When it was over, be had 
handed Mr Michael Alcock, a 
co-owner, a money belt which 
he said contained £8,500. 

When challenged by Mr 
Alcock, the pilot sprinted to 
the aircraft which had just 
been refuelled, and took off, 
the police said. 

First to give chase was Mr 
Michael Briggs, a surveyor 
and part-time flight instructor. 
“We took offimmedialdy and 
tailed him, but he ignored my 
radio messages. He knew what 
he was doing as a pilot, and 
kept to visual flight rules, 
avoiding commercial routes. 

“Another Cessna joined the 
chase off Southend. It was like 
something out of the Keystone 
Cops,” Mr Briggs said. 

Flight Lieutenant Ron Jack- 
son, of RAF Mansion, Kent, 
who joined the chase in his 
Wessex helicopter, said: “As 
we crossed the French coast a 
Mirage appeared and it circled 
us for about 20 minutes, 
passing quite dose to the 
Cessna and rocking his wipes 
to signal him to follow. Finally 
he put down at Creil and we 
followed him in”. 

Furore as 

Firemen extinguishing the burning wreckage of the Vampire jet at Worlington after the mid-air crash. 

I’wo die In RAF 
airshow crash 

Echo of terror in peninsula 

Final peace for RUC man 

By Richard Ford 

The road that hugs the 
shore of Strangford Lough is 
described on foe maps as a 
scenic route. It winds through 
rich rolling farmland, hedge- 
rows ablaze with yellow gorse, 
the tarmac frequently coated 
with pink cherry blossom 
while in the fields the fanners 
check cattle grazing on pas- 
tore land that is perhaps the 
finest in Northern Ireland. 

Bounded by the lough on 
one side and foe North Chan- 
nel on the other, foe Ards 
Peninsula has a rural rhythm 
to its life providing homes for 
foe wealthy middle-class as 
well as its traditional farmers 
and fishermen. 

At best it is an idyllic spot 
with early morning goffers on 
foe fairways of Kirkistown 
Castle course, sailors prepar- 
ing their boats for the summer 
and windsurfers gliding across 
foe water. 

It was to this place, largely 
untouched by 17 years of 
terrorism that they brought 
home the remains of Consta- 
ble Lawrence Smyth, aged 24, 
foe 229th Royal Ulster Con- 

stabulary officer to die in the 
current troubles. 

A Roman Catholic and one 
of foe 10 per cent of foe 
minority community that has 
joined an overwhelmingly 
Protestant force, he. along 
with a fellow constable and a 
British Army major, was 
blown to bits in a Provisional 
IRA landmine explosion near 
Crossmaglea in the heart of 
sooth Armagh's notorious 
bandit country. 

Only the Union Jacks flut- 
tering at haff mast from police 
stations along foe peninsula 
and foe long line of cars 
parked against high green 
hedges for hundreds of yards 
around St Patrick's Church, 
Ballygalet, indicated that Con- 
stable Smyth's funeral was 
taking place. 

The tiny grey pebMedash 
building, a large wire mesh 
screen protecting the eastern 
gable end from the bricks and 
bottles that are the staple 
ingredients of sectarian ha- 
tred, was packed for foe Mass 
celebrating Trinity Sunday. 

His yoimg colleagues were 
there, as well as his chief 
constable, grim faced and 
staring straight ahead. None 

was wearing the RUC uniform 
as his family had requested a 
civilian funeral. The crowd 
was so large that foe adjacent 
parochial hall was frill and 
outside in foe lane others 

In the adjoining cemetery 30 
wreaths lay on a bank near the 
freshly dog grave. Red and 
white carnations from the 
chief constable, and pink roses 
and carnations from Mr Tom 
King, Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland. 

Constable Smyth had al- 
ways wanted to be a police- 
man, joining six years ago 
after being a cadet and accord- 
ing to his family had wanted to 
do something to bring the 
north's divided communities 

The priest who christened 
him also buried him and in 
doing so fold tile congregation 
that the constable had said to 
his family that he wanted all 
his possessions to go to Moth- 
er Teresa of Calcutta. "In 56 
years I have never known of 
another wQJ of that type being 
made. The headline for Law- 
rence Smyth should be ‘His 
lore for his fellow man'.” 

Continued from page 1 

into service on April 6, 1951, 
and the Vampire, on Decem- 
ber 29, 1955, were foe last of 
their types in flying condition. 
The aircraft began operating 
as a pair in 1972 and were 
flying at about 2,000 feet 
towards the base when the 
wing tip of the Vampire ap- 
peared to strike foe Meteor. 

Commentators at the show 
made no mention over foe 
public address system of the 
crash although many of the 
crowd watched the collision. 

Mr Paul Algar, a hospital 
porter, from Norwich, sank 
"When the Vampire dipped 
foe Meteor a huge Imnp was 
cat off and foe Meteor went 
into an uncontrollable spin 
and crashed into a luge ball of 
flame. It was terrible to 

Mr Alan Mayes, aged 44, a 
farmer from MjUenmill. who 
was working in afield, said: "I 
saw an aircraft heading to- 
wards me, and then a couple of 
ejections, and watched the 
parachutes land. 

The plane continoed on 
towards my bungalow where 
my wife and her mother were 
preparing loach. I was con- 
cerned for their safety, and 
then suddenly it nosedived into 
the ground near by.” 

The Ministry of Defence 
said: "The two two-man crews 
consisted of serving RAF per- 
sonnel. They were well briefed 
on displays and conditions. 

U nfortunately ejection was not 

so easy from planes of that 
vintage as they are today.” 

Security at RAF MRden- 
hall, headquarters of the third 

US airforce in Europe, was 

SSt 5“ JJe Vampire (left) land Meteor over the airbase at Little 

bombing raids on Tripoli and 

Extra MOD and armed 
civilian officers were on duty, 
and servicemen were told to 
wear uniform as a visible 
deterrent against terrorist 

But the only security alert 
was when seven women early 
yesterday broke through the 
perimeter fence and daubed 
aircraft before bring arrested. 

They will appear on criminal 
damag e and trespass charges 
before magistrates at Bury St 
Edmonds today . 

Lord Trefgarne, Minister of 
State for Defence Procure- 
ment, who visited toe show 
said: " I hope accidents are not 
inevitable at afr shows but it is 
the case that they happen from 
time to time. It ceases to be a 
display if things are arranged 
so as to make crashes impossi- 
ble. There is no evidence to 
suggest the problem in this 
case was a technical one 
though the canse has yet to be 
determined. We take great 
care of our special rid 

An RAF board of inquiry 
was convened to establish the 
canse of toe crash. 

The attendance for the 
weekend show was 300,000. 

£23m plea 
over poly 

T he le ader of the college 
lecturers’ mtion yesterday 
called on Mr Kenneth Baker. 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion, to provide £23 million 
immediately to prevent poly- 
technics losing 10,000 student 
places next year. 

Mr Peter Dawson told the 
annual conference of the Na- 
tional Association of Teachers 
in Further and Higher Educa- 
tion, in Brighton, that the 
Government's funding plans 
were "a disgrace to a devel- 
oped Western country”. 

Some subjects would lose 
up to 17 per cent students, he 
said. A department of engi- 
neering in the West Midlands 
and an industrial design de- 
partment in the North-east 
would have to close. 

Mr Dawson said: "This is 
no way to plan higher educa- 
tion. It is an insult to intelli- 
gence. to justice and to the 
thousands of young people.” 

Eight held 
in print 

Three police officers were 
injured and eight people ar- 
rested during disturbances 
outside News International 
printing plants in London and 
Glasgow at the weekend. 

Five people will appear at 
Thames Magistrates* Court on 
June 18 after incidents at 
Wapping on Saturday night 
Four have been charged with 
obstruction, the other with 
being drunk and disorderly. - 

Two policemen were slight- 
ly injured in foe dashes with 
pkkets demonstrating against 
tiie dismissal of 5,000 print 
workers earlier this year. 

In Gfa^ow. a crowd of 
about 300 surged towards the 
plant at Kinning Park, where 
The Sunday Times and News 
of the World were being 
printed, and stones were 
thrown at vehicles waiting to 

A policemen was treated for 
a head injury ami three people 
were arrested. 

loses race 

sifvcistone is to be home to 
the British Grand Prix for five 
years, beginning next year, 
after the signing of a contract 
by the circuit owners and the 
Formula One . Constructors* 

The announcement, which 
is already causing 1 * furore in 
motor-racing dicks, comes 
only days after tire change of 
ownerri^tfftire.rivaJBraBKb - 
Hatch circuit. 

Fisa, the governing body of 
motor sport, and -that tire 
agreement had its a^roivri. 
and tire approval of tire RAC 
Motor Spoils Association, its 
British r epr e sen tative. 

Earlier this year Fr» an- 
nounced foal in future each 
country’s grand prix would 
have one permanent c ir c ui t, 
but indksfied that Britain,, 
where tire race has traditional- 
ly .alternated between 
Sflvcraoneand Brands Hatch, 
would be treated as a “special 
case" . 

This year's race, the SheO 
Oil British -Grand Prix, will 
take jtiaee at. Brands Hatch, as 

scheduled, on July 13. The 
circuit has beat purchased by 
Mr John Foalaon. head of 
Atlantic Computers. 

Tire news that Britain's 
premier motor race had been 
lost to Silvetstraw came as a 
surprise to both Mr Foulston 
and Mr John Webb, managing 
director of the Brands Hatch 
operating company. In recent 
years Mr Webb's promotional 
skills have ensured that 
Brands Hatch has staged a 
grand prix annually, comple- 
menting the British Grand 
Prix in its SiKerstcme year 
with a European Grand Prix 
in place of a cancelled over- 
seas event. 

Mr Bernard Ecclestone, 
president of the constructors’ 
association, indicated in Bd- 
um yesterday that he had 
jyoured Sil versions for a 
long-term contract because of 
its strong support of Formula 
3000. the racing category initi- 
aled by. FOCA as a final 
stepping stone into Formula !. 

"Brands Hatch has had a 
Formula I race for foe past 
five years, whereas Slverstone 
has bad only two during that 
period. Now it is their turn.” 
he said. 

The contract will involve 
Silverstone in heaw expendi- 
ture. A condition of the agree- 
ment is that substantial 
modifications will be made to 
the circuit to improve further 
tire. safety aspect of what is 
presently - one of motor 
rating's, festest circuits. There 
is also to be another big 
redevelopment of the pus and 
paddock area and tire provi- 
sion of more support services 
and facilities. The British 
driver. Nigel Mansdl. com- 
mented yesterday: “Perhaps 
this means, as I hope it win. 
that Silverstone win be spend- 
ing some money on certain of 
the corners which, because of 
current speeds, we feel need 
some attention. I am thinking 
in particular of Stow, Club 
and Becketts." 4 

Care groups suffer most after GLC abolition 

By Gavin Bett 


Base Rate 

Reduced by 0.5% to 10.0% per annum with 
effect from 27th May 1986. 

Deposit Accounts 

Interest on Deposit Accounts reduced by 
0.4% to 4.35% net p.a. with effect from 
27th May 1986. 

For those customers who receive interest 
gross, the rate reduces to 5.82% p.a. 

Save and Borrow Accounts 

Interest on credit balances reduces to the 
above Deposit Rate with effect from 
24th June 1986 and interest charged on 
overdrawn balances reduces to 19.5% p.a. 

APR 20.9%. 

Budget Accounts 

Interest charged on Budget Accounts will 
be reduced by 1 .0% to 1 9.0% p.a. with 
effect from 24th June 1 986. APR 20.3%. 

(H) Midland Bank 

•••• Midland Bank pic, 27 Poultry, London EC2P 2BX 

More than forty vohmtury 
organizations in Greater Lon- 
don have been forced to dose 
and several hundred are feting 
a shortage of funds after the 
abolition of the Greater Lon- 
don CotmdL 

Small groups ranging from 
legal advice centres to 
residents’ associations aad a 
toy library have emerged as 
foe first casualties of the 
demise of the GLC on March 

The f u tu re of those still 
carrying on with interim find- 
ing from successor bodies and 
individual boroughs is oncer- 
tain, and consequently their 
services are being affected, 
according to foe London Vol- 
untary Service CountiL 

Another imme diate impact 
of the abolition has been 2,800 
redundancies among former 
GLC staff, with many more 
likely as foe temporary Lon- 
don Residuary Body completes 

its task of wfodtog up GLC 

It is in the neighbomhood 
advice centres, care groups 
and community pressure com- 
mittees that the effect of foe 
end of GLC grant aid has been 
felt most 

Last year foe GLC provided 
£82 million in grants to almost 
3,000 voluntary organizations, 
many of which have success- 
tolly applied to individual 
boroughs or to the new London 
Boroughs Grants Scheme for 

However, Mr PanI 
Sommerfeid, director of foe 
service council, estimates that 
the shortfall daring the car- 
rent financial year could be ' 
£15 millimi. “We are fainring 
about hundreds of thousands 
of people who are being hit 
either by loss of voluntary 
services or employment with 
foe agencies.” 

Mr Martyn Hall, foe ser- 
vice cmradTs policy officer, 
says eight organizations have 


Faults found 
at nuclear 
power plants 

Fiaults have been found in 
the concrete shields around 
the nuclear reactor cores at 
two twin British nuclear pow* 
er stations, it was disclosed at 
the weekend. 

Tests are being carried out 
into the defects discovered at- 
the gas-cooled reactors at Hey- 
s ham. Lancashire, and Hartle- 
pooL Cleveland. 

They affect the vertical steel 
cables embedded in the con- 
crete which are supposed to 
remain taut to reinforce lbe 
casing. The board has discov- 
ered that the rabies have not 
beep made as tight as the 
design specification sets on l It 
emphasizes that a big safety 
margin had been built into foe 
original design. 

Three of the stations are 
now closed for reasons uncon- 
nected with the discovery, lie 
board said. The Hartlepool 1 
station is the only one in 
operation and the board said it 
was satisfied "that this contin- 
ued operation is safe” 

bees forced to dose to the 
Conservative stronghold of 
Westminster and dozens more 
to other Tory^amtrolled bor- 
oughs to outer London, brteg- 
bp foe total to between 40 and 

Those who have dosed their 
doors include a law centre aid 
a residents association to Pad- 
dington, a neighbourhood aid 
centre and a toy library in 
Pimlico and a Shelter tea m 
and a voter registration project 
for ethnic minorities in 

“The broad picture is that 
Labour boroughs to inner 
London, which account for 
about 75 per cent of the 
voluntary organizations re- 
ceiving focal government aid in 
Greater London, are picking 
up GLC-ftmded protects for 
three to six months while they 
decide whether to continue 
long-term aid,” Mr Hall said. 

"Some Tray councils, nota- 
bly to Hammersmith and Ful- . 
ham, and Kensington and 

Chelsea, hare been feiriy gen- 
erous to the voluntary sector. 
However, many others tend to 
favour traditional organiza- 
tions providing direct social 
services, such as care for foe 
elderly, white befog edgy aboat 
more innovative projects offer- 
ing advice to people like the 
unemployed and immigrants, 
or acting as community pres- 
sure groups.” 

Westminster City CountiL 
tiled by the service conntil for 
foe highest proportion of re- 
fusals, said it had set priorities 
for grant aid to organizations 
prov iding direct services and 
employing large numbers of 
volunteers, rather than to ad- 
vice and coordination centres. 

The council had spent al- 
most all of its £7 million 
budget fo approving 120 of foe 
137 applications considered so 
for. However, those refused 
could qualify for aid from a 
£200,000 "matching fund", 
under which foe council would 
match pramd-fra^poaiid funds 

Cuts recommended for 
magistrates 9 courts 

Continued from page 1 

. It proposes that any bench 
sitting on average for less than 
two hours at a time, which 
cannot alter its sitting arrange- 
ments, must also be a candi- 
date for amalgamation. 

The proposals could mean 
the closure of courthouses in 
some areas where these are 
close together. 

At foe other end of the scale 
there are 38 benches with 150 
magistrates or more, which 
serve busy areas, sit often, and 
where it is difficult for the 
clerk and bench chairman to 
know all foe JPSweU. 

There are only 14 stipendi- 
ary magistrates outside Lon- 
don, foe paper says, although 
up to 40 could be appointed. 

One stipendiary is the 
equivalent of 36 lay magis- 
trates in terms of judicial 
resources, but they wore more 
quic kly and therefore enable 
greater efficiency in the rest of 
foe system, foe paper says. 

Courts with excessive de- 
lays of more than several 

months should consider ap- 
pointing a stipendiary on a 
temporary or even fuB-time 
basis, it says. SirnDarily sti- 
pendiaries may be appointed 
where foe JPs are coping but 
only by excessive sittings. 

The proposals will be wel- 
comed by the justices' clerks, 
the 350 chief legal advisors to 
magistrates who administer 
the courts. 

But they are likely to be less 
well received by JPs them- 
selves. Dr Douglas Acres, 
chairman of the Magistrates* 
Association, said be viewed 
foe proposals with caution. 

“I would agree there are 
great dangers in having too 
small benches, and that fo 
these cases one ought to think 
seriously about amalgamation 
by possibly sitting fo one 

. But such closures in country 
districts, with restrictions of 
transport, could present con- 
siderable difficulties to wit- 
nesses and defendants, he 

raised from the private sector. 

Assistance to onpuzizations 
straddling several boroughs is 
the responsibility of the new 
London Borough Grants Com- 
mittee, based at . Richmond. 
Mr Gerald Oppenhetoi, direc- 
tor of the unit, said 19 
applications had been refused 
out of about 320 considered. 

A key issue for many hard- 
pressed voluntary groups is a 
£36 minhm package of grants 
which the GLC had. planned to 
distribute this year, bat which 
the House of Lords ruled tost 
month was untowfuL The mon- 
ey has since been released 
from a special court account to 
the Loudon Residuary Body. 

That would trigger govern- 
ment rate support grants 
w hich could bring the total to 
about £60 mflfioB. A London 
Residuary Body spokesman 
said discussions were undo’ 
way with the Department of 
the Environment on returning 
the money to the bnrongh«_ 



8 King Street, London SWL Tel: 01-8399060 
Wednesday 28 May at 11 aon. 


Thursday 29 May at 11 am, and 2-30 pm. 

Thursday 29 May at 11 ajn. and 2-30 p.m. 
HISTORICAL documents and 

Friday 30 Ma y at 11 a.m. and 230 pan. 


F riday 30 May at U a.m. 


19th and 20th CENTUPtfc 

Tuesday 27 May at 6.45 pan. 


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on 01-839 9060 

Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. If you would 
like to knovv the name of your nearest representative 
_P|gseteI^bone Caroline Trgggame on 01^581 7811 


Yard squad to widen 

laundering inquiry 
after tracing $100m 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Scotland Yard's transatlan- Whitehall about widening tbe being sworn in as special 

scope of the operation beyond 

tic inquiry into a network oi 
false companies and accounts 
to launder millions of pounds 
from American drug-traffick- 
ing and London criminals is 
expected to expand into inves- 
tigations covering the West 
Indies, the Far East. Europe 
and the Channel Islands. 

Since April a team of offi- 
cers has been searching hun- 
dreds of accounts in the 
British Virgin Islands. It is 
understood to have found 
traces of more than $100 mil- 
lion. thought to have been 
brought out of the United 
States, passed through the 
West Indies and the Isle of 
Man and then returned into 
mainland America. 

The investigation started as 
part of the work of a new task 
force set up by the Yard to 
look at organized crime and 
the laundering of assets. 
Progress in the West Indies 
has led to the creation of a 
special squad within the task 
force. Discussions have been 
held at the Yard and 


Britain and the Virgin Islands. 

The investigation, code- 
named Operation Cougar, be- 
gan in the Isle of Man where 
more than 170 accounts have 
been searched and the move- 
ments of up to £10 million 
tracked through the financial 

A local r>an has been 
charged with handling stolen 
money. Freed on bail he was 
taken to Florida to talk to 
members of a task force ret np 
by the Drug Enforcement 
Agency, tbe US Department 
of Justice and the Internal 
Revenue Service. 

In the Virem Islands a local 
financier has also been 
charged by Yard officers after 
work by British and American 
investigators. He has been 
bailed after being accused of 
handling money under one of 
the provisions of misuse of 
drugs legislation. 

Yard officers have been 
working in the islands after 

constables and they have 
searched papers held by a local 
financial company. 

The laundering network is 
believed to have been used to 
■move the profits from drug 
smuggling and trafficking 
groups into legitimate busi- 
ness interests, properties and 
other assets. Cash would be 
moved from the American 
banking system, .where the 
movement of amounts above 
$10,000 have to be reported 
by banks to the authorities, 
into the sterling system where 
no such controls exist. 

Tbe operation is being seen 
by Yard officers as an impor- 
tant example of tbe strategy of 
trying to strike at drug traffick- 
ers through their assets and 
the value of international co-. 
operation. In the long term the 
investigation might _ bring 
pressure on British institu- 
tions to provide more infor- 
mation about large-scale 
movements of cash under 
suspicious circumstances . 

Zara and Peter Phillips, children of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips, buying 
sweets from a mobile shop at the Windsor horse trials at tbe weekend. Report, page 32 

(Photograph: Julian Herbert). 

£33,000 a 
year for 
in hospital 

By a Staff Reporter 

Basingstoke Health Author- 
ity has been paying at the rate 
of £33.000 a year for IS 
months to keep a menially ill 
offender criminal in a nursing 
home at Northampton, be- 
cause the Wessex Regional 
HealLh Authority does not 
have suitable facilities to care 
for the man. 

The bill is more than double 
the average cost of treating a 
psychiatric patient in a long- 
stay hospital ward, and about 
£8.000 a year more than it 
costs to keep a prisoner in a 
top-security prison. 

A spokesman for the 
Basingstoke authority said 
yesterday that it hoped even- 
tually to relocate Robert Coo- 
per. aged 38, in a local hospital 
unit which has additional 

Cooper was committed to 
the hospital by Winchester 
Crown Court after admitting 
charges of grievous bodilv 
harm and damaging cars with 
an iron bar. 

Winner to 

Aid fund 

Miss Daphne Martin- 
Hurst, winner of the 
weekly Portfolio Gold, 
said yesterday she will 
donate part of her £8,000 
prize to Sport Aid to 
“help the starving people 
in Africa". 

Miss Martin-Hurst, of 
Oxford, said:"! am 81 
years old and can't run. 
But I can give some 
money to help them”. 

A reader of The Times 
all her life, she said she 
would also make a dona- 
tion to a small charity for 
homeless, young people in 

“And then I will take a 
holiday In a nice hotel 
somewhere,” she sank 
Miss Martin-Hurst 
said she played Portfolio 
Gold every day "for fun" 
and was thrilled with her 
lucky win. 




Traffic wardens have con- 
demned British Caledonian's 
latest billboards promoting 
free parking at Gatwick air- 
port as “moronic and sexist". 

But tbe airline has, in turn, 
accused their union, tbe Na- 
tional and Local Government 
Officers Association (Nalgo), 
of having no sense of humour. 

Nalgo is not amused by the 
posters showing a glamorous 
air stewardess pulling the cap 
over the eyes of an over- 
weight, frumpy traffic warden. 
A slogan reads: “Fly long haul 
— park free at Gatwick." 

Union officials say the post- 
ers are typical of the airline's 
sexist advertising and pro- 
mote an unfair Image ol 
members. A Nalgo spokesman 
saitfc“There is a general atti- 
tude towards wardens, which 
fails to recognize the essential 
work they do. They are poorly 
paid and a mueb-matigned 
section of society " It is com- 
plaining to the Advertising 
Standards Authority. 

An airline spokesman said: 
“A lot of our advertiaiig is 
unashamedly sexisL After air 
.. the majority of business trav- 
ellers are men."; The poster 
was very popular “and we 
realty can't see anything objec- 
tionable about it" 

He added: “We are in the 
business of promoting our 
glamorous air stewardesses, 
but we are sure there are many 
attractive traffic wardens 

Children who fact 
‘no-cure’ spectre 

Alternative energy: 1 

Microchip points to power from sun 

Children suffering from a 
fatal disease are not receiving 
the best treatment, which 
cook! extend their life expec- 
tancy, because some doctors 
are held back by the “spectre 
of incurability'", according to 

About 400 children a year 
are born with cystic fibrosis, 
the most common genetfcally- 
detennined disease in Britain, 
which a Marks and causes irre- 
versible damage to the longs. 
Most sufferers do not survive 
beyond early adulthood. 

In spite of advances in 
treatment which have brought 
“remarkable" improvements 
in prognosis, there is an 
“abnmng degree of sobopti- 
mal therapy", a leading spe- 
cialist, Dr Timothy David, has 

“fecffiabOity Is both an 
attitude of naiad and a self- 
fillfilling prophesy. In cystic 
fibrosis, the notion; of early 

demise insidioasty i mderm i n efi 

die treatment and saps thera- 
pemk enthusiasm," Dr David, 
a senior lecturer in' child 
health at Manchester Univer- 
sity and aV consultant 
paediatrician, says in a special 
supplement of tbe Jon rim Of 
The Royal - Society of 

“It is partly this spectre of 
incurability that allows some 
paediatricians to hold hade 
and not accord cystic fibrosis 
the status of a treatable 

Treatment of the disease in 
Britain 1ms fallen behind dial 
fa countries such as the United 
States, Australia and Den- 
mark, where there is a 75 per 
cent dwuM of a victim surviv- 
ing to the age of 21, compared 
with about SO per cent in the 
United Kingdom. 

An important reason far 
lower fife expectancy is that 
fewer than half of all cystic 
fibrosis patients in Britain 
attend large specialist centres 
where they can receive the 
latest forms of treatment. Only 

16 such cadres exist, and a 
report by the Office of Health 
Economics, published two 
mo nths ago, called on the 
Government to establish more 
of them. 

At present, many of the 
children are treated by a local 
paediatrician who may lack 
expertise.. Dr James 
Littleyrood, a consultant 
paediatrician at St James 1 * 

■ University: HospitaL t*eds, 
teltf- The Times: ^There has 
bran a revolution ;fa treating 
these patients in the last few 
years, lmt-* minority of doc- 
tors are dragging, their beds. : 

“They are not amvfaced 
Oat a very active, aggressive 
attack on this condition a 

“It is particularly important 
to persuade them, because off 
progress fa research. Scien- 
tists are very dose to findmg 
the gene responsible for the. 

The accident at the Chernobyl 
nuclear power station has 
focused attention on the alter- 
native forms of energy conver- 
sion. In the first of a three-part 
series Pearce Wright. Science 
Editor., assesses medium and 
l ong-term energy figures 

There are no short cuts to 
providing a significant new 
source of energy. A coal 
project which is approved 
today may take seven years to 
get going. Even longer lead 
tunes, up to 10 years, are 
needed for a modern power 
station. Comparable periods 
are encountered in the explo- 
ration and. development of 
fresh fields of gas and ofl. 
These are. to a large extent, 
established technologies. 

Yet an analysis called Ener- 
gy-Efficient Futures , conduct- 
ed with support of the 
Department of Energy and the 
.European.. Commission, 
showed that Britain could 
. obtain two-thirds of its energy 
needs from renewable re- 
sources. When - coupled to 
Improvements tarthe use of 
fuel for homes, factories, of- 
fices and transport, the study 
concluded that the United 
Kingdom- would exploit ener- 
gy four times more efficiently. 

More than 5,000 categories 
of energy use were examined, 
in measuring tbe scope for 
increased efficiency and the 


opportunities to employ re- 
newable sources. The conse- 
quence of the advocated 
changes included the doubting 
of the life of North Sea oil and 
gas, and a reduction fa coal 
burning However, the timeta- 
ble was spread over 30 years, 
with the eventual phasing out 
of nuclear electricity. 

But there is no such thing as 
a free source of energy. There 
is also no such thing as a 

totally non-polluiing form of 
energy conversion. 

The future of energy sup- 
plies can be divided into 
medium -and long-term re- 
sources. The first group, 
whether based on traditional 
hydrocarbons of coal, oil and 
gas or the renewables, are 
practical technologies today. 
The degree to which they are 
exploited is a matter of politi- 
cal choice and argument about 
economic viability. 

The longer term includes 
exciting developments such as 
fusion power, which has a long 
way to go to prove it has a 
permanent place in the reper- 
toire of energy options. 

Contrary to a widely held 
belief even wiihin the Central 
Electricity Generating Board, 
the bogyman of those com mit- 
ted to the “solar option" and 
the adoption of combined 
heat power scheme in 
Britain’s main cities, there is a 
movement for some 

An assessment by the 
baud's specialists gives 20 per 
cent as their figure for a 
realistic contribution to elec- 
tricity generation by that orga- 
nization from the renewables. 

But there are many other 
applications for space heating 
and fuelling engines, plus the 
private generation of 

It is here that the quarrel 
breaks out over the support. 

£14 million last year but sub- 
sequently cut given to the 
development of all the alterna- 
tive energy work compared 
with £250 million a year con- 
tinuing in nuclear 

Several large wind energy 
projects are among the renew- 
able energy projects favoured 
by the generating boards, with 
a’ 25 metre diameter wind 
turbine, producing 200 kw, 
under study at Carmarthen 
Bay, South Wales, and a huge 
60 metre turbine, under con- 
struction on Burgar Hill, an the 
Orkneys, to generate 3 mw. 

While the number of these 
ventures is quite modest com- 
pared with the “wind farms" 
springing up in the United 
States, there is in Britain a 
highly innovative private in- 
dustry. making 3ft diameter 
generators. They are modern 
versions of the established 
wind pump for irrigation, of 
which 75 to 80 per cent are 

Alternative and renewable 
energy technologies are often 
misunderstood as old-fash- 
ioned and simple technol- 
ogies. but the microcomputer, 
and the newer, stronger rein- 
forced plastic and alloy mate- 
rials, have transformed their 
efficiencies, opening commer- 
cially attractive designs. 

Tomorrow: Tides and waves 

Hotline for computer users 

By BO) Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 
is about to take Sm- 

computer enthusiasts sola launch of a new ousmess 
their machines to buy more microcomputer to nval that 

A cb 

place in the high street com- 
puter market with shops 
poised to stock more sophisti- 
cated machines than would 
have been the case a year ago, 
and to offer technical advisory 

Lasky’s, one of the trrst ot 
the high street vendors to 
recognize the change, is about 
to introduce a service to assist 
its customers, provided by a 
computer consultancy group 
called Interfax. 

A three-month telephone 
advice service can be bought 
for £35 (excluding taxk which 
allows the buyer to consult tbe 
experts on any subject con- 
cerning the purchase and its 

use. . „ 

The change has been influ- 
enced by a number of factor* 
The fhst of these occurred 
about 18 months ago when 
many high street retailers, 
anticipating a sales boom at 
Christmas 1984, over-or- 
dered Tbe boom faded to 
materialize and prices of the 
computers were ruthlessly 

slashed to jettison stock. 

That price war . not only 
co ntributed to the financial 

Three hurt as 
engine hits 
crossing gates 

Three men were injimed 
when a diesel engine crashed 

through level crossing gates on 
a privately-owned lounsi rail- 
way near Whitby, North 
Yorkshire, yesterday. 

The accident occurred as 
the engine was being used to 
shunt another engine, which 
had broken down, into she® 
at Grosmont Station, on the 
North York Moors railway. 

One of tbe 

Albert Boddy, aged 75, oTTO 
Close, Easington. Cb 

tough General 

A spokesman for - the his- 
torical trust which owns u»e 
railway said the ombW 
being driven by Mr James 
Dedicoat, a volunteer driver, 
of Valley Drive, Hano^t* 
North Yorkshire. Tbe Depart 
ment of Transport and me 
, .police been raft*™** 

an inquiry .would be neia- 

powerful models. . But the 
price war in the high street in 
the past year has resulted in 
machines being sold new for 
up to half tbe price they 
fetched 12 months ago, desta- 
bilizing that modest second- 
hand market 

However, while the manu- 
facturers have responded to 
the consumer demand by 
supplying more sophisticated 
products, many buyers are stQl 
not . sufficiently competent 
tprfinjfally to handle some of 
tbe new products without 
help, hence ■ tbe - advisory 
service. . 

The service also gives him 
street retailers more confi- 
dence to stock higb-pneed 
machines for small businesses, 
and expand their traditional 

customer base. 

The arrival of Amstrad has 
also changed the market Tbe. 

When Miss Ere Jackson set 
off from Biggin Hill airfield, 
Kent, four weeks ago, woe 

produced by IBM, the Ameri- 
can group- 

MARKET 1985 

% martial share 




Total: 1.1 m38on 

(Machines above the home micro 
price range but below US$1500) 

-% market share 


(Source:- International 


Mr David Nicholson, a 
horse trainer, has upset histo- 
rians with a plan to build 
booses at Condfeote Henge, 
the GrtswoMs’ 4,000-year-old 
version of Stonehenge. 

Coadicote Henge is sitoated 
on bis 100-acre farm, near 
Stow on the Wold, 

The scheme has been ap- 
proved by local planners, bat 

archaeological groups are 
lighting to stop it 
Mr Nkhobon yesterday de- 
scribed the objections ns “ab- 
solutely ridiculous". 

“Tbe site has a fallen down 
doable garage, a pig sty and a 
collapsed stable and tin sheds 
on it. My plan to bnild two 
i and extend a third 
house would get rid of 

Bat Jan Wills, Gloucester- 
shire Archaeological Officer, 
said yesterday: “H 
are extremely rare. This is a 
unique awl extremely impor- 
tant site and any development 
would seriowtv damane the 

‘At least every one 1 ^, got a regf 
over their head tS^ese da^s. 




unhappy landing 

nfig plfr rflt flight, site was 

endurance test would attract 
its share of adventures. 

Bat nothing qnite pspue® 

awaiting her during a sched- 
uled flying stop to Czechs^" 
yakia fast week. 

After being feted by 
enthusiasts throitflioa; France 

gad Germany, Miss Jackson, 

aged 28, expected a 
free flight in Czechoslovakia. 
Bat when she fandedjj a 
conntry area, pnzzled officials 
surrounded her two-seat 

— nopl w "Gap } 

even more smprised to find * 
Swmn sototolj bebmd toe 
controls, according to Mr 
John Harward, Miss 
Jackson's project manager. 

“It appears the Czechoslo- 
vakian authorities had never 
seen- a microlight aircaft be- 
fore, a«* were 
wised to find a woman rating 
fa the cockpit,” Mr Harward 

oitf at Thame, Oxfordshire, 

Miss Jackson told him m a 
telephone that she was 
dose to being arrested. “Eve 
said they were generally suspi- 
cions bat evertfc ig was sorted 
out eventually. Ste was very 
relieved to climb back into 
Gerfy and set off for 

There was an- saexpected 
crisis daring her flight there 
also- Miss Jackson was forced 

to make aiLemetgency fending 

to a remote area of northern 

Yug^ria. ^ ^ k a field 
but ended np partly to a ditch. 

“Gerty'S” undercarriage was 
damaged so Eve walked miles 
to the nearest town, found a 
welder who accompanied her 
back to the atrraft and re- 
paired the damage,” Mr 
Harward said. - 

A few hoars later u Gerty", a 
Shadow Series B aoMpfane, 
Was to the air, bonne ter 

Miss Jackson, who . is fol- 
lowing, to pait,1he flight path 
of Amy Johnson, the first 

woman to fly sofa to Australia, 

is dne to arrive to Tnrkey 
today or tomorrow after spend- 
ing the weekend in 
Atacandropoolos, Greece. 

Mr Harward said that to the 
next few weeks she faced the 
most gruelling stretch, cross- 
ing Syria and fen the Sahara. 

Miss Jackson has invested 
nearly £60,000 of her own to 
the adventare becaase no prto- 
dpal British sponsor came. I 
' forward, ■ although 14 compa- 
nies are supplying equipment, 
technical assistance and some 
jof the trip's expenses. 

“It Is the world's first 
mjerofight flight from London 
to Sydney and we are mill 
hoping that a major British 
sponsor will help oat on the 
final leg of the trip," Mr 
Harward said. 

The British-designed and 
baflt plane, which weighs only 
$31 lb, cruises at a maximum 
straight and fare! speed of 95 
-mph, covering an average 
distance of between ISO and 
425 miles a day. MissJackson 
- hopes to fend at Sydney to 
October or November. 

Despite the provisions of the 
welfare state, thousands of cWkfren 
sleep rough every night all over Britam. 

(The picture above was taken late 
one night last May in central London.) 

Like the lad taking shelter fa 
the cardboard box* many of them have 

been forced to rim away from home. 

Some are looking for work, any 
work. Some are trying to escape the 
misery of life fa the decay fag inner 
cities of our country. 

Others are running away from 
parents with problems of ther own. 

Many of those who stay at home 
fare fade better. 

Hundreds of thousands of chfldren 
are living fa conditions that create 
physical hardship, family tensions and 

Thafs why The ChSdreris Society 

is so desperately needed— now, more 
than ever. . . 

Every year The Chfldraris Society 
helps thousands of these children. 

Children whose fives couSd have 
been shattered by domestic violence, 
nervous breakdowns or sheer 5SE fortune. 

For every chid we heBp, however, 

there aye m any we ca nt. 

[~~ So please help us to toefcj even "71 
I more children by sending a donation to: 1 
Church of England Children's Society, 
Freepost, London SEH43K. 



2362 Amount £- 

Weflre grateful for your donation but tosave us money we 

wffl not send a receipt unless you tick this box. LI j 

Access/ rr I l l”ll i I~TI I I ! Ml j 

Miss Martin-Hnrst will help 
Africa's starving 

Three readers of The 
Times shared the daily 
Portfolio Gold on Sat- 
urday, which carried a 
total prize of £8,000. 

One of the winners. 
Miss Eileen Archer, of 
Heme! Hempstead, 
Hertfordshire, said yes- 
terday she nearly didn't 
play Saturday's game. 

“I forgot to check my 
card and then, after a 
leisurely lunch, I decided 
I should play, jnst in case 
my numbers came up,” 
she said. 

She intends using part 
of her prize to create a 
new bathroom. 

The other two winners 
are Mr David Jewkes, of 
Exeter, Devon, and Mr 
Stanley Cole, of Finchley, 
north London. 

If you experience any 
difficulty obtaining- a 
Portfolio Gold “ card, 
please send an sjt*e. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

a — 




590 A" 


iting — 
srest _ 
was — 
781 = 

ST- — 

jit? r - c ‘ 



,740 — 
i — _ 
and — 
•10k ^ | 

ex- " 









Eh. i 


i! i- 

ii "j 

home news 



i i 

i i 

Co-op congress gets a 
warning of ‘disaster’ in 
single national society 

The Co-operative Whole- 
sale Society {CWS), financial- 
ly the Co-op's most powerful 
organization, came under fire 
at the opening yesterday of the 
annual Co-operative Congress 
at Llandudno. 

In its traditional role of 
supplier of goods and services 
to the independent retail Co- 
ops the society was. to an 
extent, a handicap. Mr Bill 
Farrow, the new president of 
the congress and chief execu- 
tive of Co-operative Retail 
Services (CRS), declared. 

“The merger of CRS and 
CWS would have spell disas- 
ter and not salvation for a 
movement,” he said, referring 
on talks held last vear aimed at 
joining the two. " 

The old trading supply line 
from manufacturer or import- 
er through a wholesaler to 
retailer had been superseded 
for big retailers by direct 
supply from source to retailer. 
Mr Farrow said. 

“The CWS has adjusted 
dramatically, but not enough 
to diminish the handicap it 
places on large retail societies 
in responding to 

He also accused CWS lead- 
ers of seeing the basis of a 
single national society as the 
new role for CWS. 

The Co-op has flirted for 80 

By Derek Harris 
years with the idea of creating 
such a trading organization 
but it has been congress policy 
since 1982 for the number of 
retail societies to be reduced to 
25, he said There are still 95. 
although after a number of 
mergers about 80 per cent of 
Co-op trade is accounted for 
by about 15 Co-op retailers. 
Among them is CWS which, 
through rescues of ailing soci- 
eties, now controls much Co- 
op retailing in Scotland. 
Northern Ireland and south 

Mr Farrow rejected the idea 
of a national society because it 
would not be a true co- 
operative and could quickly 
be converted into a company. 

“The health of this move- 
ment will be determined sole- 
ly by the performance of our 
retail societies and 1 do not 
see. nor do I wish, that retail 
societies should be controlled 
bv the federations (these in- 
clude CWS).” 

Mr Dennis Landau, the 
CWS chief executive, supports 
the idea of a small number of 
powerful regional societies. 
Earlier this month Mr Landau 
said he regretted that the 
CWS-CRS merger had not 
taken place because a central 
federal organization would 
have made the Co-op a stron- 
ger force. 

The congress is expected to 
go into secret session today to 
discuss the aftermath of the 
CWS-CRS talks and the future 
structure of the Co-op. 

Mr farrow also warned the 
congress that the Co-op’s high 
street performance was seen as 
a “bland mediocrity”. By the 
end of the century it could be 
relegated to the history books 
as a glorious experiment that 
collapsed into glorious failure. 

“We have tried to maintain 
a presence in every meaning- 
ful community, although, be- 
cause some societies delayed 
practical solutions too long, 
there are now large tracts of 
Co-operative desert.” 

T Hiding changes and declin- 
ing loyalty among Co-op 
members bad had a calami- 
tous effect on the Co-op, he 
said. Its share of the retail 
market since 1960 had de- 
clined from more than 1 1 per 
cent to just over 5 per cent in 
1934. Adjusted to current 
financial values the Co-op bad 
an overall surplus profit 
equivalent to £507 million in 
I960 but in 19S4 it was only 
£20 million. 

The only favourable trend 
was in reserves which in 1960 
were worth £296 million on 
present day values while in 
1984 they amounted to 
£341 mDlion. 

A fire officer carries a young victim of the hostel fire at Queen's Gate, west London, to safety 
early yesterday (Photograph: Snresh Kaiadia). 

18 rescued in hostel fire 

Fire officers wearing breath- 
ing equipment rescued 18 
people from a burning five- 
storey hostel in Bishop's Gate, 
west London, yesterday. 

Seven people were carried 
(o safety from the roof of the 
building, which is used by 

Hackney council as a tempo- 
rary hostel for the homeless. 

The fire started at about 
8.40am and spread quickly. 
No one was injured but the 
rescued people, including nine 
children, were taken to hospi- 
tal suffering from the effects of 

smoke and shock. 

The hostel, near Hyde Park, 
is home for about 60 people. 
Fire officers said it was a 
miracle no one was injured in 
the rush to gel out 
All the residents lost most of 
their possessions in the fire. 

>V -t as 

■ . #.■ . w 

After a hard day of driving the business 
forward you need a break. 

If you're away from home spend your 
night retiring at a Sheraton hotel. 

We have five in the UK (Sheraton Park 
Tower Belgravia Sheraton. Sheraton Skyline. 
Sheraton Heathrow and now the Edinburgh 

Sheraton) with another five hundred worldwide. 

Whichever one you choose you can be 
sure of leaving your troubles on the doorstep. 

Besides receiving a warm welcome you’ll 
quickly appreciate our efficient service. 

No doubt you’ve had enough frustration 
with your working day. 

Sheraton hotels also offer those two 
important ingredients for a good nighft sleep, 
peace and quiet 

Building your energy so you can build 
your business next day. 

For further information you, or your 
secretary, can call us free on 0800 353535. 

The only time you’ll need to retire is at night. 


Ireland sets date 
for referendum 
on divorce change 

By Richard Ford 

Polling in the Irish 
Republic's referendum to re- 
move the constitutional ban 
on divorce will take place on 
June 26. 

The Bill to allow a referen- 
dum to be held passed all its 
stages after the Senate sat on 
Saturday for only the second 
time in its history. 

During the debate in the 
Upper Chamber, two North- 
ern Ireland senators put for- 
ward their views on the 
government’s proposal to in- 
troduce divorce on the basis of 
the irretrievable breakdown of 
a marriage after a couple have 
lived apart tor five years. 

Senator Brid Rodgers, of the 
Social Democratic and La- 
bour Party, said that a distinc- 
tion should be made between 
one’s personal moral or reli- 
gious convictions on the 
mdisolubility of marriage and 

the legislative requirements 
and rights of a minority with a 
different viewpoint 
Mrs Rodgers said ihglne 
prevalence of mam age break- 
down arose from changes m 
society and it was necessary 
for the amendment to be 
approved by the electorate so 
that legislators could cany out 
their responsibility for all the 
people. _ 

Mrs Rodgers added: I am 
opposed to a legislative situa- 
tion which fails to accommo- 
date the rights and wishes of a 
substantial minority of people 
in Ireland.” . 

Senator John Robb said the 
Bill recognized the reality and 
was a very modest move. It 
would not open the floodgates 
and people had to face up to 
the fact that, under increasing 
pressures, marriages were 
breaking down 

Award for 
air routes 

By Bill Johnstone 
Science Correspondent 

Scientists at the Meteoro- 
logical Office in Bracknell. 
Berkshire, have been present- 
ed with a Royal Society energy 
award for the development of 
a computerized weather fore- 
casting system which is saving 
the big airlines more than £50 
million a year in fueL 
The scientists, from the 
World Aviation Forecasting 
Centre, have spent five years 
refining the computer system, 
first installed in 1981, which 
gives detailed global informa- 
tion on the direction of head 
winds and tail winds. 

The forecasts also provide 
temperature and other weath- 
er details at 15 atmospheric 
levels, collected from land, sea 
and air stations around the 

Airlines, including British 
Airways, British Caledonian, 
Air New Zealand, South Afri- 
can Airways, Lufthansa, Pan 
Am and Japan Airlines, use 
the information, sent out 
twice daily, to determine the 
most fuel efficient routes be- 
fore making final flight plans. 

The Royal Society award, 
presented on the recommen- 
dation of the airlines, was 
made available as a gift by 
Esso. The Meteorological Of- 
fice team will receive a gold 
medal and £ 2 , 000 . 

chess win 
for UK 

By Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 

There was a thrilling finale 
to the Kleinwort Grieveson 
UK-US Chess Challenge at 
the Great Eastern Hotel, Lon- 
don, which resulted in an 
overall victory for the United 
Kingdom trio. 

Cathy Haslinger (UK) won 
against Angela Chang (US). 
Kevin Rist (UK) lost to Alex 
Chang (US), and British 
champion Jon Spec 1 man won 
his final game against the 
American champion. Lev 

This meant that the match 
between the two champions 
was drawn 4-4. However, in 
the two rapid play-off games 
which determined the destina- 
tion of the prizes of £5,000 and 
£3,000 Alburt emerged vic- 
torious on both occasions. 

Nevertheless, the overall 
score went narrowly in favour 
of the UK side by the winning 
margin of 1 3.5 - 12.5. The hero 
of the UK side was undoubt- 
edly Cathy Haslinger. aged 12, 
who contributed 6.5 points 
She learnt the moves at five, 
and now, coached by interna- 
tional master Andrew Martin, 
spends an average of 216 hours 
a day improving her tech- 
nique. When asked about her 
future ambitions in chess, she 
said clearly:”! want to be 
1 world champion.” 

Holiday skiers at risk 
from unqualified staff 

By Ronald Faux 

Chalet staff with no proper 
ski qualifications and little 
moutaineering experience are 
risking the lives of package 
holiday skiers by guiding them 
into potentially dangerous ar- 
eas of the Alps, according to 
the International Ski Instruc- 
tors Association (ISIA). 

Mr Karl Gamma, president, 
told the annual meeting of the 
association at Avjeraore yes- 
terday that there were great 
dangers facing ski expeditions 
led by unqualified guides. 

Delegates said that com- 
mercial pressures meant ski 
package companies in Britain, 

Sweden and The Netherlands 
were the worst offenders for 
allowing staff to take ski 
panics on to the slopes and to 
act as “ski guides”. 

The conference was told 
that Switzerland allowed for- 
eign instructors to teach on 
their slopes provided they 
arrived and remained with 
one particular group through- 
out the stay. In other coun- 

tries, such as Austria, this 
concession was not allowed 
and all Alpine nations took a 
poor view of foreign skiers 
plying for trade on their 

One delegate said: “There 
have been accidents already 
i where parties have been put 
into perilous situations by 
guides with inappropriate 
qualifications or without any 
qualifications at alL 

“The dangers from ava- 
lanche or from sudden bad 
weather descending on a 
group of skiers is very serious. 

"Some groups are led by 
chalet boys or girls. They may 
be very pleasant people, but 
they do not have the experi- 
ence or the expertise to take on 
such a responsibility.” 

The conference voted to 
allow ISIA members bolding a 
grade 1 instructor's licence to 
operate from any ski resort in 
the Alps, provided the licence 
was endorsed by the local ski 

A place of honour for 
theatre’s ‘old stager’ 

By Peter 

There will be a special place 
for Mr Roland Hill at the 
reopening ceremonies tomor- 
row night for the Alhambra 
variety theatre at Bradford. 
He was at its opening in 
March 1914, employed as a 
page boy. aged 14, and retired 
60 years later as its managing 

The Alhambra’s owners. 
Bradford council, hare given 
the theatre an S3 mDlion reno- 
vation, with £2.25 million pro* 
vided by the EEC. The 
improvements include a stage 
capable of handling the most 
complex productions; new 
dressing rooms for 108 per- 
formers, bars and restaurant 
and an auditorium seating 

Mr HUI, whose first job was 
selling programmes and show- 


ing VIPs to their seats, said 
yesterday: “It was my life and 
we continued to show live 
theatre through all the years. 

At one time 1 was pressed hard 
to go over to bingo, but I 

Among those who appeared 
on its stage were Laurel and 
Hardy, Julie Andrews, who 
appeared bottom of the bill in 
1954 and. in 1936, in a local 
revne, a certain Ernest Wise- 
man, aged 12 , from Leeds, who 
was to achieve fame and 
national affection in later 
years with Eric Morecambe 
and will be among the guests. 

The theatre was tahgn over 
by Bradford council in 1974 
hat 10 years later was faced 
with closure unless drastic 
repairs were done. 

HMS Speedy for sale 

ational roles. 

. .f** Speedy, capa- 

ble of of more than 43 knots 
and said to give a smooth ride 

in iinuM nn «« 1 1 r l- ■ 

r — — “ ainuuui uue 

in waves up to 12 feet high, 
was originally used for North 
Sea fish**ri**« 

But it was found that the 
Boeing-built vessel was unable 
to get back on her foils if sbe 

dnWM in IVinah 






t-; ■ 

The Royal Navy is to sell 
the fastest vessel in its fleet 
because it cannot find a use for 

Mr John Lee, Under Secre- 
tary or State for Defence 

Procurement told the Com- Sea fisheries and oil ria < 
mons in a written reply that e 

the United States-buiit jetfoil 
patrol craft, HMS Speedy, 

which cost £7.8 million in .. IVJ 

1979, was unsuitable for oper- slowed in rough seas. 

£*!. I 

r, : ■ -Zzr ;i; ^ . M^afa^w^ilii! 



West German party urges nuclear review in wake of Chernobyl I Thatcher I Canada 


: ?ess,f 

lr *tK 


Free Democrat shift 
in policy is likely 
to embarrass Kohl 

Since inflation had begun to 

*Z*SS3SZSSZ . Social h^S^S’SSS&^i 

ere, during which pofoTused f ( SS,J?P , ^ vanve January. But among an deo- 

ere, during which police used wing of Bm * mon & £«> 

water cannon. 51“ Jr® “"JSSK torate prone to worry about 

The Free Dfmn™tc v ♦ SS 11011 U* environment, Chernobyl 

; ; ° e J r ree DemoCTats made is to depict the FDP as may have oersuaded a lot of 

their demand in Hanover at opportunistic and ready to voters ihaiWesi fiermanv’* 

the weekend. Although seem- embrace any cause ^Sen- 

l J*L y 'HS”"!* 1 ? <*?!»?: tan^y agitating the voters. . 3S^ SSTS Stite 


. , . • wop a lUiUiH 

abandoning of nuclear power example of the turmoil into 
whitm is being demanded by which Chernobyl has thrown 

fnp i .fPPllf and n«n>. C.V.I n/ I 

than eight months from a 

eeneral eWtirtn • foe CDU and FDP in the 

£ Polls- The weekend vote in 

J2^2f2fitSF s ?E: Hanover was foe result of foe 

started at the Bastille and Nonl has rejected a plan to expa 
moved to the Ministry of hofld a wwfr ar sower station com 

•. Tkl nu . — . ..... r 1 fV 

Health in Place Fontenay, in its district 

utajm ui i Iks jrunnnj, q jq tifcmef. before Cbernoby, L 

Americans turn against atom power 

of nuclear power 
with 69 per cent 

Washington — Americans and 40 per cent want existing that respectively 65 and 67 per 
are very womed about nudear plants phased out cent of people were opposed to 

energy m the wake of the The Washington Post-ABC construction of nuclear plants. 
Chernobyl disaster, according poll, published at the week- p 

ton new opinion poll (Christo- end, reflects widespread lack These and earlier polls dem- 

pber Thomas writes). nf faith in nffi rial p mnrrnn ptv on sira te that in 10 years 

A record 78 per cart of ments on the safety of nuclear Americans have moved from 
people oppose construction of energy. Similar polls condnct- confidence in nuclear power 
more nudear plants in the US ed in 1983 and 198S showed to widespread opposition. . . | 

Italy sends 
home 13 

JFrom Job* Earle 

. Italy has ordered 13 Libyans 
to leave in- the latest round of 
expulsions between the two 

Over the weekend Mr 
Abdulmagid Adousfawesha, 
chairman of a Libyan-owned 
printing firm, and fodr of his 
Libyan staff were told to leave 
the country by next Friday, 
because their work and resi- 
dence permits were not in 
order. The firm distributes 
documents and magazines in 

This followed the decision ' 
on Friday to expel eight! 
members of the Libyan 
People’s Buiean — three diplo- 1 
mats and five clerical staff — 
in response to Libya’s recent 
expulsion of 25 Italians. 

Tripoli’saction. in turn, was ; 
in retaliation against expul- 
sions and other -anti-terrorist 
measures by member states of 
the European Community. 

The total score between 
Rome and Tripoli is now 
roughly equal — 24 Libyans 
expelled against 25 Italians. 

Meanwhile, the magistrates 
investigating the Palestinian 
bomb attack at Rome airport 
on December 27 that killed 14 
people have refused to com- 
ment on American reports 
that they are about to incrimi- 
nate Syrian citizens. 

All along, however, the 
Italian authorities have said 
there is evidence that the 
terrorists received logistical 
support from Syrian territory, 
though that is not the same as 
alleging the Syrian Gov- 
ernment’s involvement. 

FBI plan 
to plug 
news leaks 

From Christopher Thomas 

Exasperated by continuing 
leaks of classified information 
to ' the press; the Reagan 
Administration is studying 
some extraordinary measures 
to try to plug the problem. 

The most fer-reaching.idea 
so for is to establish a special 
strike force of FBI agents to 
swoop whenever a sensitive 
story makes the papers. 

Exasperation with leaks is 
now at a peak under the 
Reagan Government 

Serious consideration is 
also being given to prosecut- 
ing several publications fin- 
leaking what the Administra- 
tion considers security-sensi- 
tive information. The Wash- 
ington Post . The New York 
Times, The Washington 
Times and Newsweek are 
among those threatened. 

Mr William Casey, director 
of the CIA, went to The 
Washington Post offices and 
threatened the executive edi- 
tor with possible prosecution. 

I To the CIA’s fury, the story of 
[ the threat ended up on the 
front page. 

The newspaper exacted 
more revenge at the weekend 
when it leaked the news that a 
group of mid-level officials 
had recommended to the 
White House that it step up 
internal investigations into 
leaks and punish those 

The issue is taxing the 
highest echelons of the White 
House. Mr Reagan himself 
telephoned The Washington 
Post recently to urge it not to 
publish a story about a spy 

Swiss bid 
for end 
to reactors 

„• Emm Alan McGregor 
. Geneva 

Switzerland's five nuclear 
power reactors — providing 6 
per cent of total energy needs 
— should be phased out of the 
supply pattern by the end of 
the century, the Swiss Ecolo- 
gist Party, the country’s 
“Greens”, said yesterday. 

It said that the Government 
should veto construction -of a 
sixth plant at KaiseraugsC 
near Basle. For more than a 
decade the start of work there 
has been delayed by 
ecologists’ objections. 

After the Chernobyl acci- 
dent the party is expected to 
campaign for a national refer- 
endum, In September 1984 
proposals that no more nucle- 
ar reactors be built and that 
resources be directed instead 
to “safe economical and envi- 
ronmentally acceptable” ener- 
gy production were rejected by 
a majority of 55.5 per cent. 

Newspaper polls now indi- 
cate a significant shift in the 
public’s attitude to -nuclear 

Gold nugget 
for victims 

Moscow (Reuter) — Miners 
prospecting near Magadan in 
the Soviet Far East have 
donated a large gold nugget to 
a fund for victims of the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster. 

The 1 8-ounce nugget was 
the largest found in the area 
for 10 years. 

firm in ‘arrests’ 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

the^WesT ^Ctenrmn ^ ^Government has been that standards but the Social Dem- 

Dartv has vmwl f'teh a thing could not happen ocratic (SPD) chancellorship 

iJSL! here 'because West German candidate, Herr Johannes 
reproofing " ucte *\ ‘“toplogy was for Ran, seemed unable to per- 

particularty of thenew n£m ™ » re advanced. suade enough voters that he 

beinn built at WarvJSi^l? 11 But if it merely embarrasses could do much about it 

EwriS “ Wackersdorf m the CDU. the &P vote will 

.. ■ ■V-'t.VS 


s- . .. >.»;*■ . .- 

•^° r sS2 C rS > T L AU- torate p™ 02 to worry about 
The Sttauss-CSU tradition the environment, Chernobyl 

38 may have persuaded a lot of 

I IIHVirnimetiA onn nMmr fn - ■ . «■ ^ . 

r^.r ■ • ■ 

xanv agnaong tne voters. might be right about tbe 
The vote was a further danger of nuclear power, 
example of the turmoil into -n. .. .^ _ - 

Which Chernobyl has thrown 

West German politics less ®PD and the Greens 
than eiabt months a ““SR* went ahead of 

the Greens and many Social West German politics less SPD and foe Greens 
Democrats, it will embarrass than eight months Th>m a u f 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl's general ISctiom - <■* ^ ™ “ ** 

Christian Democrats (CDU). Before ChemobvL the Gov- ^ we ?!‘ end , vot £ “ 

with whom the FDP is junior eminent bad^S^ 

partner m the Bonn coalition. opinion polls from a bad natch ne ^, 1< ? “ ^ n . to ** - 

Since the Chemobyl «xi- 1 ^yarTUnSS^fS ?J»nt the ismt. 

dent, the official position of maii»»d high bv West German - ! 5 e vote create difficul- 

5 ^-v # lies for foe party's leader, Herr 

,000 m Pans protest 


tireejoth^®, nmchal through m £ 

Pans in an anti-nuclear pro- dear seesritv and an end mall * “ e the restof tbe party 

test, with the theme construction of nm^, slants. appe aled to tbe 

^ b S? K> SiSw <Sb * Banners g SUPP ° n 
sanMacDonrid writes). raent attempts to play down 0 Wackmd0rC 
The march on Saturday, the effects of the Chernobyl An opinion poll in today's 
organized by the tmy Greens cloud. issue of Der Spiegel, the news 

ecology party in coqjtmction Meanwhile, foe municipal magazine, shows 83 per cent 
with extreme-left groups, council of Plooezec in Cote-dn- of West Germans against the 
started at foe Bastille and Nonl has rejected a plan to expanding of nudear power 

• -'V - 

DL J.. ' : *'■ 1 ", . '■ *■“•.- 

W.i& Vs y>; 

Herr Martin Bangemann, leader of the Free Democrats (right), making a point to Herr 
Hans-Dietrich Genscher, the German Foreign Minister, at the weekend party meeting. 

note to 

From Christopher Walker 

A personal message from 
Mrs Thatcher calling for im- 
proved Anglo-Soviet relations 
will be delivered to Mr 
Gorbachov today by Lord 
Whfteiaw, tbe deputy Prime 
Minister, who is visiting Mos- 
cow with a 13-strong parlia- 
mentary d el edition. 

Although the British Em- 
bassy refused to comment on 
foe message, it ts understood 
to combine tbe call for im- 
proved bilateral ties with a 
firm restatement that Mrs 
Thatcher trill not submit to 
Soviet pressure and freeze 
Britain’s nudear deterrent 

During its 10-day visit the 
delegation is expected to dis- 
cuss the Chernobyl disaster, 
over which Britain was critical 
of foe Kremlin’s failure to 
supply sufficient information. 

The Soviet authorities for 
their part attacked Britain for 
“over-reacting” by evacuating 
students and engineers from 
near Kiev. 

On Saturday, many of the 
students — noted for strong 
left-wing sympathies — re- 
turned to Moscow amid a 
Maze of publicity, from Tass, 
which made heavy propaganda 
of foe party and criticizing 
Western media coverage of the 
disaster and foe original deri- 
sion to fly them home. 

Tass said: “Members of foe 
group said that many compa- 
triots at home did not under- 
stand and even criticized their 
decision to return to foe USSR 
to continue their trip . . . The 
young men and women found 
peace only after they had 
boarded foie plane.” 

Sanctions pressure on Thatcher 

Pretoria may leave peace door ajar 

By Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

South Africa is expected to 
reply this week to proposals 
submitted by the Common- 
wealth peace mission in a way 
foal leaves foe door open for 
further talks and reduces foe 
pressure on Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher to join her Com- 
monwealth partners in impos- 
ing tough sanctions against 

•- Although the - Common- 
wealth team is almost eertain 
not to agree to a further visit 
to South Africa after last 
week's raids in Botswana, 
Zambia and Zimbabwe, its 
seven members could still be 
persuaded to pull their punch- 
es on sanctions if South Africa 
reacts positively to ibeir 

The Eminent _ Persons 
Group is to meet in London 
next week to complete its 
report, which will be consid- 
ered at a special meeting in 
London in early August of the 

seven leaders who were man- 
dated by last year’s Common- 
wealth summit in the 
Bahamas to consider what 
further steps the 49 countries 
should take to eradicate 

Tbe package worked out by 
foe Eminem Persons Group 
calls on Pretoria to lift the ban 
on foe African National Con- 
gress and release Mr Nelson 
Mandela, pull its troops out of 
black townships, and allow 
normal political activity. 

In return the ANC would 
agios to suspend its campaign 
of violence and hold talks with 
Pretoria on dismantling apart- 
heid and establishing a demo- 
cratic form of government. 

- During foe group's recent 
trip to southern Africa, Mr 
Mandela expressed his will- 
ingness to go along with the 
peace plan, but that was before 
the South African raids. 

It is most unlikely that 
South Africa will accept tbe 
full Commonwealth package. 

particularly after last week’s 
violent protests by foe right- 
wing Afrikaner Resistance 
Movement in Pietersbuig. Bui 
its reply will try to make it 
appear reasonable aad willing 
to go on talking. 

South Africa’s main con- 
cern is to prevent Mrs Thatch- 
er from having to commit 
Britain to new sanctions 
which could further under- 
mine foe economy and sap 
white morale. 

At the Nassau summit 
Commonwealth leaders laid 
down a number of additional 
measures they would consider 
if South Africa did not talk to 
black leaders about disman- 
tling apartheid. These includ- 
ed a ban on air links with 
South Africa, on new invest- 
ment and on food imports. 

Mrs Thatcher has said she is 
not prepared to impose any 
new sanctions. 

But with some countries 
threatening to pull out of the 
Commonwealth, she will 

Anglo-US veto at UN 
angers the Africans 

From Zoriana Pysarhvsky, New York 

US dismisses envoy’s 
tit for tat expulsion 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Britain and foe United 
States opposed stern econom- 
ic punishment for South 
Africa for its three-pronged 
raids into neighbouring states 
by vetoing selective sanctions 
in foe United Nations Securi- 
ty Council over foe weekend 

The double veto followed 
harsh denunciations of South 
Africa from foe representa- 
tives of Britain and the US; 
but African delegates after foe 
vote said that the Anglo- 
American vote contradicted 
the strong statements and 
would only encourage foe 
Pretoria Government to con- 
tinue a policy of destabilizing 
its neighbours. 

During two days of debate 
virtually all speakers ex- 
pressed the view that the 
South -African raids were an 
attempt to scuttle foe mission 

of foe Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group to 
arrangean accommodation be- 
tween foe Government in 
Pretoria and foe African Na- 
tional Congress (ANC). 

Sir John Thomson, foe 
British representative, told the 
council that if the attacks had 
the deliberate intention of 
undermining foe Common- 
wealth group which had con- 
cluded their mission only 
hours before the raids took 
place, then the South African 
Government “will find that 
they have undermined the 
future of their own people”. 

Pretoria should not take for 
granted foe support of foe 
British Government if it did 
not even at this late stage, 
respond positively, to the 
Commonwealth initiative. 

Tbe United States has dis- 
missed South Africa’s tit-for- 
tat expulsion of a US diplomat 
on Saturday with the low-key 
comment that it was “super- 

Pretoria expelled Colonel 
Robert Hastie, the senior mili- 
tary attache at the US Embas- 
sy, who on Biday had been 
recalled by Washington for 
consultations in foe wake of 
South Africa’s attacks last 
week against Botswana. Zam- 
bia, and Zimbabwe. 

On Friday night foe US 
ordered foe expulsion of foe 
senior South African defence 
attache in Washington, one of 
hs toughest moves against 

“We trust that this action 
will make clear to tbe South 
African Government that foe 
United States cannot tolerate 

disregard of foe sovereignty of 
South Africa's neighbours,” | 
foe State Department said. 

It gave Brigadier Alexander , 
Potgeiter 10 days to leave foe 
United States. Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, described the attacks as 
“totally without justification, 
completely unacceptable.” 

In one of his strongest 
attacks on Pretoria, he added: 
“Our diplomacy for many 
years has been aimed at 
stopping cross-border vio- 
lence. South Africa’s resort to j 
force has threatened the secu- 
rity of foe region and violated 
the international principle I 
that political avenues should 
be given every opportunity.” 
There was no immediate! 
indication whether Washing- 
ton would react to Colonel 
Hastie's expulsion. 

come under growing pressure 
between now and the August 
mini-summit in London to get 
tough with South Africa — 
particularly as foe Queen is 
known to be deeply concerned 
about its unity. 

A cautiously positive re- 
sponse from South Africa this 
week would relieve some of 
this pressure and enable Mrs 
Thatcher to press for only a 
limited response by foe Com- 

It is likely, therefore, that if 
the Commonwealth does 
agree on the need for new 
measures they would only be 
“tiny ones”, such as those Mrs 
Thatcher agreed to at Nassau. 

These might include ending 
double taxation agreements 
and banning foe promotion of 
tourism in South Africa. They 
would not damage South 
Africa's economy (or Brit- 
ain’s, for that matter); but they 
would be a signal to Pretoria 
that Commonwealth patience 
is running out. 

Fresh attempts to wind up Gulf war 

Husain in surprise dash to Damascus 


From Robert Fisk 

ifirw Husain’s unexpected 
overnight vfcit to Damascus, 
and Ms conversations there 
with President Assad in the 
early hours of yesterday 
morning, may presage a dra- 
matic shift in Syria’s relations 
with Iran, which it has sup* 

FVPtwm — — - — -r, _ _ 

a half years of the Gulf war. - 
The importance of the 
Ki ng ’s unschedule d trip was 
evident, not only fttmt. his 
honied departure from Am- 
man just before dusk on 
Saturday and his pre-dawn 
return yesterday, but from his 
ento urage , which included 
bofo Mr Zaid Rifiti, bis Prime 
Minister, and Mr Taber 
Masri, the Foreign Minister, 
Tbe two leaders spent six 
hoars together and Beirut 
newspapers are speculating 
that the Kmg was trying to 
persuade President Assad to 
softs* his hostility towards 
President Saddam Hnssem of 
Iraq, tire man whom the 
Iranians have sworn to over- 
throw before they agree to end 
the Gulf conflict. 

Assad seeks Greek support 

Damascus (Reuter) — Presi- leaders that Syria is an actual 
deni Assad goes to Greece and potential target of attack, 
today as part of his drive to rather than an instigator of 
deflect changes in foe- West terrorism, 
foat his country /supports . . - . . 

terrorism. Syria; has reported at least 

Official sources said that he 200 people killed in bomb 
would confer with President blasts in foe last three months 
Sanzetakis and the Greek foe official media has blamed 
Prime Minister. Mr Andreas u<l ' 

Paoandreou, on foe three-day „ Resident Assad has denied 
statevfeit, his first to a Nato Syrian revolvement m terror- 
couniry. Diplomats say that tsm and sought international 
he is expected to tell Greek support. _ 

There have been growing who pays substantial faute 
MmtAms that President As- towards Iraq s war efforts 
S^gaffimcewithfranis ahlreu^ tecou^te were not 
^^riTthin, partly because dhdosed. Thus tire are 
SStasteS forced to reduce ^ mj 

travelled to Tehran for talks turns with Iran. 
SSSrolwl bott economic Economic goblans almmn 
wobkmSs and the French and cerm^y be i behind jw such 
Americen hostages held cap- ^ 

in Lebanon by » ££ 

days ago President petrol hi 
A ssad wrote a pasonalnote to ens 

King Fahd of Saudi Arabia — now faced with serious finan- 

cial difficulties. 

Money sent home by Jorda- 
nian expatriates in tbe Golf 
has fallre by 17 per cent in the 
past 12 months as a result of 
the collapse in oil prices, and 
aid grants made to Jordan by 
the Gulf states, which totalled 
$590 million (£394 million) 
last year, are expected to be 
cat savagely. 

The country's tourist indus- 
try is in severe depression, and 
even phosphates, of which 
Jordan b one of -the world’s 
leading producers, have fallen 
in price and thus hit tbe export 

The Gulf war has affected 
foe Iraqis so gravely that 
Jordan is now tending money 
to the Iraqi authorities to pay 
back Iraq’s debts to Jordanian 
companies which might other* 
-wise go into liquidation. 

Jordan's own economic dif- 
ficulties were further empha- 
sized this month by the 
mysterious and fetal shooting 
of oue of Amman’s principal 
money-exchange dealers, 
whose company’s collapse 
caused hardship among sever- 
al important Jordanian 

Lebanon press reports 
see hope for hostages 

From Our Correspondent, Beirut 


Reports in two Lebanese 
newspapers have renewed 
hopes that some of foe Ameri- 
can and French hostages held 
by Muslim radicals in Leba- 
non may be freed soon. 

Yesterday the left-wing dai- 
ly .-is-Safir said France’s spe- 
cial emissary. Mr Omran 
Adham, a Syrian _ business- 
man. had arrived in Damas- 
cus to resume foe mission that 
he b egin in March to secure 
foe release of the French 

On Saturday foe paper 
quoted informed sources as 
saying that four of them might 
he freed within two days and 
foatanother four might follow 
a week Later. 

Such reports in foe past 
have come to nothing, but this 
time there is discreet opti- 
mism about foe possibilities 
among foe tiny community of 
foreigners in the Muslim sec- 
tor of Be'miL 

This was reinforced by a 
similar report in foe pro- 
Libyan magazine As-Shiraa at 
foe weekend which said that 
six hostages - possibly three 
Americans as wefl as three 

Frenchmen — “will be freed 

At least nine Frenchmen, 
including a four-man televi- 
sion crew and a magazine 
journalist, have been kid- 
napped in Beirut since early 
last year and remain in 

Four Americans, including 
foe Beirut bureau chief of foe 
Associated Press, are being 
held by foe Islamic Jihad 

Yesterday gunmen tried to 
seize a Romanian diplomat as 
he was driving through west 

They opened, fire as he ran 
from his car to seek refuge 
among Shia Muslim Axnal 
militiamen, who went to his 
help from their local 

• SIDON: One villager was 
killed and four were injured 
when Israeli forces shelled the 
south Lebanese village of 
Yater yesterday (Reuter 

The mosque of the village, 
just north of Israel buffer 
zone, was damaged. 

This boy lost hrs legs In 
a Russian bombing raid in 
Afghanistan. But somehow 
he survived the agonising 
trek across the mountains to ■. ? 
a refugee camp. 

Sympathy won’t help 
him. A new pair of legs -_i 

will. And every penny 
raised by this ad will go 
towards making and fitting 
artificial limbs. 

Please send whatever you M;|i| 
can afford to: 

Sandy Gall, Afghanistan 
Appeal. P0 boxwia iaq. (.vVSj 


\ Name j C 


| 1 enclose E- - } 


S-- ■- 

590 .-rf 



Madrid — Two Spanish cod^ 
fishing trawlers were sailing* 
under escort of a Canadian* 
patrol boat to Newfoundland" 
yesterday after having been" 
accused of “hijacking" four- 
Canadian fisheries inspectors' - 
(Richard Wjgg writes). 

Tbe officials had boarded 
the trawlers 10 see whether foe; 
Spaniards bad been fishing- 
inside Canada’s 200-mile fishr? 
ing zone. 

The patrol boat gave chase" 
out in foe Atlantic after foe; 
trawlers' skippers had refused 
to obey* an order to put into St, 
John's. They said that they 
were making for the Azores," 
which are Portuguese. ^ 

Cyprus votes 
after 33 years : 

Nicosia (Reuter) — Greek-"* 
Cypriots voted yesterday in; 
foe first municipal elections to’ 
be held in Cyprus in 33 years - / 

An electorate of 215.000, 
including for the first time 
voters aged between 18 and- 
20. is cboosing IS mayoiS 
from 69 candidates and 228; 
councillors from 800 nom-’ 

Dear Sir, at 
some length 

Nairobi (UPI) — A Kenyan 
worried over “social ills re- 
tarding foe development of 
the nation" wrote a 22ft-Iong 
letter to the editor that filled 
both sides of foe sheet, foe 
Sunday Nation reported. 

The’editor said it took him 
two and a half hours to get foe 
drift of the letter because foe 
author “had frequently run 
short of ink but was still 
determined to drive his point 

Island mourns 

Antananarivo (.AFP) — 
Madagascar authorities have 
declared a national period of 
mourning after an air crash on 
Saturday in which the Defence 
Minister. Rear-Admiral Guy 
Sibon, and at least 12 other 
people were killed. 

French pledge 

Paris — M Jacques Chirac, 
the French Prime Minister, in 
a lightning visit to Tunisia 
over the weekend, promised. 
President Bourguiba full sup-; 
port in case of aggression by^ 
Libya. « 

Barre better ■/ 

Bahrain (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Siad Barre of Somali a." 
flown from Mogadishu to; 
Riyadh for treatment after £' 
car crash, was reported yesier^ 
day to be improving. SI 

Buried alive § 

Taipei (AFP) — Twelve; 
people were confirmed killed;' 
30 believed buried alive and ar 
least 100 injured or stranded - 
by a landslip in centrq£ 
Taiwan. ^ 

New priests ; 

Rome (Reuter) — The PorC 
ordained 74 priests from 23- 
countries, nine of them frorj£ 
Eastern Europe, at a ceremony ■ 
in Si Peter’s Basilica attended; 
by 8,000 people. 

Domier guard; f0 

Delhi (Reuter) — The Indjp’! 
an Navy is to buy 26 Wesv 
German Domier- 228 planes. r j se< j 

fitted with sophisticated sur£ year 

face-to-air missiles for it5> 
coastguard service. t 

On the scent ~ 5^ 

Palermo (AP) — A woman; i 2 «; 

who doused herself heavily- ■ 

with perfume to conceal Lh£ ■! 

scent of foe heroin she was^ || 

carrying was caught anyway II 

by alert drug-sniffing dogs^ II 

Italian newspapers reported.-* II 

5ST- — 







ij i 

V ; 

Central America close 
to agreement on a 
regional Parliament 

From John Carlin, Esqnlpnlas, Guatemala; 

lent appeared to be 
at hand yesterday on the 
creation of a Central Ameri- 
can Parliament, as the region's 
five Presidents entered the 
second day of their summit 

_ High officials of the delega- 
tions accompanying the heads 
of state made it known to 
journalists that there was 
unanimous approval for the 
idea of an elected regional 
assembly, modelled on the 
European Parliament, first put 
fonmFd by the summit host. 
President VUiicio Cerezo of 

Making it dear that he saw 
the Parliament as a mecha- 
nism for avoiding the expan- 
sion of regional violence. 
President Cerezo declared on 
Saturday that the summit was 
"the beginning of a long path 
leading eventually to the unifi- 
cation of Central America". 

He and his guests from 
Nicaragua, El Salvador. Hon- 
duras and Costa Rica all 
appeared to agree that their 

two-day meeting should work 
on the principle that the 
region should find its own 
solutions to its problems. 

Independence should be 
sought from those foreign 
intrusions — notably by the 
United States and the Soviet 
bloc — which many see at the 
root of the three guerrilla wars 
which in the past five years 
have cost more than 100,000 
lives and convened Central 
America into the area of 
fastest military growth in the 

“We reject the notion that 
Vie should be the field of battle 
to resolve differences in other 
parts of the world," President 
Cerezo said. 

Inside sources reported that 
there was still a long way to go 
before any significant break- 
through could be made on tbe 
more immediate issue dis- 
cussed at the summit the 
signing of the Contadora 
peace treaty, the deadline for 
which is June 6. 

Not for the first time. 

President Ortega of left-wing 
Nicaragua finds himself at 
loggerheads with the other 
four leaders, whose countries 
are all dependent on the US, 
on the key issue of arms 

The only serious obstacle to 
the signing of- the treaty for- 
mulated by the Contadora 
countries - Mexico, Panama, 
Colombia and Venezuela — is 
Nicaragua's refusal to commit 
itself to arms reduction. 

President Ortega’s argu- 
ment is that it would leave his 
country of three million peo- 
ple even more vulnerable to a 
US invasion, a possibility 
considered a virtual certainty 
by the Sandinista Gov- 

In a separate development, 
the Presidents of El Salvador 
and Honduras signed a docu- 
ment on Saturday night ratify- 
ing a verbal agreement to take 
a century-old border dispute 
to the International Court of 
Justice at Tbe Hague for 

Macao gets final 
Lisbon governor 

From Martha de la Cal, Lisbon 

Professor Joaquim Pinto 
Machado, probably the last 
Portuguese Governor of Ma- 
cao, has left Lisbon to take up 
his post today. 

The former member of the 
faculty of Medicine at the 
University of Oporto, was 
appointed by President 
Soares, whom he supported 
during this year's presidential 

Professor Pinto Machado 
began his political career in 
1 969 when he was elected lo 
the National Assembly, where 
he became a member of the 
Liberal wing. In 1974, he 
joined the Social Democrats, 

ut left them in 1978. He was 
named secretary of state for 
higher education during the 
Socialist and Social Democrat 
coalition Government headed 
by Dr Soares in 198S. 

The new governor has ad- 
mitted he knows almost noth- 
ing about Macao, but he told 
the Expresso newspaper that 
this was not important be- 
cause he was “going therewith 
a humble attitude and an open 
mind". He said he would 
follow the directives of the 
President and Government of 

Negotiations to return Ma- 
cao — an enclave on the 


Chinese mainland across from 
Hong Kong - to Chinese rule 
will begin at the end of June. 

The Portuguese have been 
in Macao since 1557. In 1974, 
after the armed forces revolu- 
tion in Portugd. the revolu- 
tionary’ Government offered 
Macao to China. Peking de- 
clined the offer and Macao 
was then declared “Chinese 
territory under Portuguese 

In 1985, during a visit to 
China by General Ramalho 
Eanes. the former Portuguese 
President, the Chinese Gov- 
ernment announced that the 
two countries had agreed to 
begin negotiations on Macao. 

The Chinese Ambassador in 
Lisbon said he expects no 
problems and foresees a 50- 
year transition period with 
dual economic systems in 

Governor Pinto Machado 
will take little part in the 
negotiations, to be conducted 
by Scnhor Rui Medina, 
Portugal's ambassador to the 
United Nations. The Chinese 
delegation will be headed by 
Mr Zhou Nan, the Deputy 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
who took part in negotiations 
with Britain over Hong Kong, 

Supertanker hit in Gulf 

Bahrain (Reuter) — An Ira- 
nian-chartered supertanker 
was taking on water rapidly 
yesterday after being hit by an 
Iraqi missile in the north of 
the Gulf, shipping sources 

The 357,400-tonnc Wind 
Enterprise was hit on Saturday 
about 55 miles south of Iran's 
Kharg Island oil terminal. 

There was no immediate 
word on the tanker's crew. 

The sources said the tanker, 
managed by Marine Manage- 
ment of Oslo, had sent out a 
“Mayday" distress call saying: 
“Engine-room rapidly flood- 
ing. Need assistance 

The vessel had been char- 
lered by Iran for its oil export 
shuttle' from Kharg to Sirri 
Island, in the southern Gulf, 
and out of the range of Iraqi jet 

names 44 

From Keith Dalton 


President Corazon Aquino 
named 44 people to draw op a 
new constitution at a mass 
rally yesterday to celebrate the 
first three months since the 
overthrow of ex-President 

Another six people will be 
appointed later, Mrs Aquino 
told the crowd at Camp Agni- 
nakfa. the headquarters of the 
armed forces, where the four- 
day anti-Marcos revolt was 
launched in February. 

“1 am leaving five places 
vacant, in the spirit of recon- 
ciliation, for tbe Opposition to 
fill," Mrs Aquino said. 

To catcalls, she said the 
sixth vacant post would go to a 
representative of the Iglesia m 
Kristo chorch, an indigenous 
religions sect which enthusias- 
tically supported Mr Marcos 

Formal and public sessions 
will begin on June 2 and the 
delegates have three months to 
formulate a new constitution 
which will then he pot to the 
people in a plebiscite. 

The broadly based member- 
ship, chosen by Mrs Aquino 
from an initial list of L500 
names, includes four former 
senators, two priests and a 
radical non, academics, a stu- 
dent leader, a reporter, a (Dm 
director and representatives of 
the business, legal, Muslim 
and civic sectors. 

“Now we must embark upon 
a second straggle," Mis 
Aquino said, "to breathe life 
into a dead economy and give 
enduring form to our newly 
won freedom." 

A simultaneous rally by 
6,000 pro-Marcos supporters 
was held across foe city, 
observed by several hundred 
riot police, but it ended with- 
out incident at dusk. 

US-Mexico drags crisis:! 

Neighbours fall 
out as heroin flow 
turns into flood 

Sefior Virgilio Barco Vargas, leader of 
the Liberal Party in Colombia (left), is 
favoured to win the presidential elec- 
tions held yesterday. The other leading 
candidate is Sefior Alvaro Gomez 
Hurtado of the Conservative Party 
(right). Sefior Banco, aged 64, who had a 

decisive victory in legislative elections 
March, has not indicated how he 


would solve the pressing problems of 
high unemployment, unequal wealth 
and political violence. Diplomats ex- 
pected Colombia to remain afflicted by 
guerrilla warfare and drug trafficking. 

CIA bomb plot book upheld 

A Costa Rican judge has 
dismissed a libel suit against 
two American journalists aris- 
ing out of the published 
findings of their investigation 
into a bomb attack two years 
ago in which three other 
journalists died. 

The action was brought by 
an American-born rancher al- 
leged by the journalists to be 
an agent of the CIA. He was 
linked in their investigation to 
what they said was a plot by 
the agency and US-backed 
Nicaraguan Contras to plant 
the bomb at a news conference 
in the camp of Commander 
Edfcn Pastors, the dissident 
Contra leader. 

The two-day hearing ended 
late on Friday night with 
Judge Jorge ChacOn absolving 
the husband-and-wife free- 
lance team of Tony Avirgan 

From Alan Tomlinson, San Jos6 

and Martha Honey, who is a 
contributor to The Times. 

To loud applause from the 
public gallery, Sefior Chacon 
described the journalists' 84- 
page book about the bombing 
as a professional piece of 
investigative reporting. 

Mr John Hull, foe plaintiff 

— whose ranch near foe Nica- 
raguan border, the court was 
told, was used as a Contra base 

— would not comment on the 
ruling. Mr Avirgan said the 
verdict had been “more than 
we had hoped for" and “en- 
dorsed our work". 

He and the other 18 journal- 
ists injured in the bombing, 
intend to file suits on Thurs- 
day in foe US district court in 
Miami, seeking $23 million 
(£15.3 million) in damages 
from Mr Hull and about 30 
others they allege were linked 

with the planning and execu- 
tion of the attack. 

Among those they are suing 
are leaders of the Nicaraguan 
Democratic Force, the biggest 
of the Contra groups, a num- 
ber of alleged CIA agents, and 
numerous American citizens 
who have been helping the 
Contra cause. 

The journalists' American 
attorney, Mr Daniel Sheehan, 
said the action would involve 
as many as 200 witnesses, 

“The evidence here was just 
an appetizer," he said. "It was 
just enough to demonstrate 
that there had been a serious 
investigation and tbat there 
was probable cause to believe 
that what was being said was 
true. We are in possession of 
much more evidence than 

US-Mexicart relations are tra- 
dtiionaUv dominated, and of- 
ten bedevilled, by energy, trade 
arid immigration issues. But a 
surging illegal drugs trade has 
plunged motions into a new 
and unforeseen crisis, as 
Christopher Themes reports 
from Washington in the first of 
two articles. 

Mexico is emerging as tbe 
dra^s producer of the Ameri- 
cas. A deluge of cheaper and 
more potent dnm is reaching 
the streets of Chicago, New 
York and San Francisco by 
way of a straggling and largely 
uncontrollable 2,000-mfle bor- 
der. Mexico is dearly unwill- 
ing, or unable, to stem the 

The main drags villain is 
still Colombia, Where most of 
lie world's cocame and a good 
deal of its marijuana Is pro- 
duced. But like other countries 
of foe Americas, Colombia 
seems finally to be tackling the 
problem, leaving Mexico's ef- 
forts looking timorous and 
ineffective by comparison. 

The fruits of the Mexican 
drugs trade now include Mack 
tar, a new potent brand of 
heroin which undercuts foe 
price of Colombian heroin. 
Also, marijuana is becoming 
cheaper on . foe streets of 
America because Mexican 
farmers,- faced with economic . 
collapse in 1982, started plant- 
ing it as a sure cash crop. 

This latest drags nightmare 
would be complete if Mexico 
were to become a safe, reliable 
transit point for all Latin 
American drags heading 
north. Up to now, Mexico has 
kept out most of foe big forefen 
drag lords, giving tbe US at 
least a fighting chance of 
intercepting consignments- on 
their hazardous journey 
through the Caribbean or the 
Golf of Mexico. 

But from Mexico it takes 
only a dark night and a little 
lack to deluge America wfth 
heroin or cocaine. 

Mr Elliott Abrams, foe 
Assistant Secretary of State 

mined to put Mexico publicly 
in the dock. Officials openly, 
express their outrage, at. its 

Parents angry 
over arrest 
of children 

The campaign by M Charles 
Pasqua, Minister of the Interi- 
or. against terrorism and de- 
linquency has meant more 
police patrols on Paris streets 
and a greater number of spot 
identity papers checks (Susan 
MacDonald writes). 

But an. incident last week, 
when several young people 
aged between 13 and 17 were 
arrested by police in Les 
Halles district and kept in' 
police custody all night, has 
angered some of their parents. 

The parents said that foe 
police did not tell them that 
they were holding their chil- 
dren and they only found out 
through their own inquiries. 

The giant shopping area of 
Les Halles is a favourite 
meeting place for young peo- 
ple, but has also become a 
main drug centre. 

Paris uproar over praise for thesis 
sceptical of Nazi gas chambers 

Paris (UPI) — An investiga- 
tion will be held into how a 
thesis that claimed Nazi gas 
chambers may not have exist- 
ed received a “well-done" 
mark by a doctoral board at 
the University of Nantes, the 
Government announced at 
the weekend. 

M Alain Devaquet, the 
Minister for Research and 
Superior Education, said he 
was “profoundly indignant by 
any allegation tending to deny 
the existence of the gas 

He said he had “asked that 
an administrative investiga- 
tion be opened to verily foe 
regularity of procedures in 
which this thesis was sup- 

Despite overwhelming evi- 
dence that six million people, 
most of them Jews, died in 
Nazi gas chambers during tbe 

Second World War, the thesis 
of M Henri Roques, an agri- 
culture engineer who lives in 
Paris, claims they may not 
have existed. 

M Roques received an hon- 
orary doctorate and his thesis 
a “well-done" mark by a 
board of professors represent- 
ing the arts and literature 
department at the University 
of Nantes in June 1985. 

On Saturday, French news- 
papers said those on that 
board were extreme-rightists 
who would have welcomed 
such a work. 

The 371-page thesis was a 
literary work entitled The 
Confessions of Kurt Gerstein. 
Comparative study on differ- 
ent versions. Critical examina- 
tion. In explaining the ac- 
tivities of Gerstein, a Nazi SS 
officer. M Roques casts doubt 

on the existence tf foe ’gas 
chambers. ..... 

: .Asked about; the. existence 
of the: -gas chambers, -M 
-Roques replied; “l will not say 
:yes or no* but I will tell you 
that there are good reasour to 
put . them in doubt". v : 

Asked about historical film 
showing naked people -being 
driven to the ^chambers, he 
said; “We don't write history 
with film. The people were 
undressed, it was perhaps 
humiliating but it was. not 
because they, were undressed 
that we can conclude they 
were gassed". . 

He said the Cydon B gas 
used by the Nazis could have 
been used for disinfecting 

M Georges Sanie', a Socialist 
member of Parliament, said 
the incident soiled the name of 
the university. 

for Latin American Affairs, 
aid; “Folly a thin!, of foe 
cocaine consumed in the Unit- 
ed States in 1985 may have 
come through Mexico., The* 
nightmare, it seems, is taking - 

The Drug , Enforcement 
Agency says that in recent - 
months Mexico has surpassed ^ 
the “geklen orescent" coon-, 
tries of Pakistan, Afghanistan 
and Iran, as the largest sir*'“ 
source of heroin sold in 
United States. ■ - 

9 * 

a State Department statement 
furiously aflacked “wide- 
spread and more deeply en- 
trenched corruption among 
officials nominally engaged in 
anti-narcotics' programmes". 

It was an extraordinary 
attack on a supposedly friend- / 
ly neighbour. Mexico angrily 
protested that. its sovereignty 
had been assailed and told 
America, fn so many words, to 
mind its own business.' 

More than ever .before, 
Mexico is viewed by tbe (JS as 
more of a threat than a friend. 
Constant fears of a massive 
migration north, together with 
foe added strain of the -drags 
.crisis, have brori&t .relations 
to their lowest ebb 'in years. 

America Is worried tbat 
drugs will further threaten foe 
creaking political and social 
machine which, - for all its 
corruption, has kept Mexico 
stable for six decades. p- 

. But the new bitterness has 
wider implications. The ever- 
burning fires of resentment 
towards the distrusted gringos 
threaten to overwhelm Presi- 
dent de la Madrid and force 
him into drastic unilateral 
action over tbe crashing na- 
tional debt, most of it owed to 
American banks. This is a 
dangerous time for the US. to 
be trampling on Mexico's 
bruised national pride. 

Tomorrow: Trying to stem tide 

Yelena Bonner 
in France on 
her way home 

- Paris (Reuter) - Mrs Yelena 
"Bonnier, wife of foe Russian 
dissident, Mr Andrei Sakha- 
rov,' arrived in France yester- 
day oiAhe first stage of her 
journey home to the Soviet 
Union after medical treatment 
in foe West. : 

..-.She made no statement 
when she arrived from Boston 
with her daughter Tatyana 
Yankelevich and was whisked 
away by friends. to a Paris 

Mrs Bonner is expected to 
meet the French' Prime Minis- 
ter, M Jacques Chirac, today 
and President Mitterrand to- 
morrow, before she travels on ^ 
to- London for a meeting on 
Friday with Mrs Margaret 

Mrs Bonner wifi fly to 
Rome 'before "returning' to 
Moscow on June Z 


Court of Appeal 

Law Report May 26 1986 

Court of Appeal 

Power to award interim interest Damages exclude pension payments 

Food Corporation of India v 
Marastro Compania Naviera 

Before Lord Justice Dill or. 
Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Nicholls 
{Judgment given May 19] 

An arbitrator, whose award 
was made after foe pro visi ons of 
section I 9 a of the Arbitration 
Act 1950. as inserted, had come 
into force on ^prij 1, 19S3. had 
power to award interest on a 
voluntary' payment made by a 
party to the dispute while the 
arbitration was pending even 
though the arbitration agree- 
ment had been entered into and 
the voluntary payment had been 
made before the coming into 
force of the inserted section. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by Marastro 
Compania Naviera SA, of Pan- 
ama, the owners of the vessel 
Trade Fortitude, against the 
judgment of Mr Justice Lcggatt 
on July 30. 1985 on a special 
case, whereby he held that the 
arbitrator, Mr Clifford Clark, 
had nc* power to award the 
owners interest on a payment 
made to them by the charterers, 
the Food Corporation of India, 
on April 13. 1982. 

Mr Michael Collins for foe 
owners; Mr Giles Caldin for foe 

Mid that foe arbitrator was 
appointed on March 18. 1976 to 
determine foe owners’ claim for 
demurrage against the charter- 
ers and a claim for interest on a 
sum paid bv foe charterers on 
April 13. 19&Z 

The arbitrator made a final 
award in favour of the owners 
for USS66.630 and held, subject 
to the decision of foe court on 
the hearing of a special case, that 
the owners were further entitled 
to interest on the charterers 
previous voluntary payment. 

The question of law for the 
opinion of the court was 
whether the arbitrator had 
power to award interest on sums 
paid prior to foe dare of foe 
award, under section J9A of the 

Arbitration Act 1950. as in- 
serted bv section 15(6) of and 
Schedule 1 to the Administra- 
tion of Justice Act 198__ 

On the special case M *^"*“J* 
Lcggatt held foal foe arbitrator 

had no power to award interest 
on the sum paid by the charter- 
ers in April J98Z 

The new section I9A pro- 
vided: “(1) Unless a contrary 
intention is expressed i herein, 
every arbitration agreement 
shall', where such a provision is 
applicable to the reference, be 
deemed to contain a provision 
that the arbitrator or umpire 
may. if he thinks fit. award 
simple interest at such rate as he 
thinks fit (J) on any sum which 
is foe subject of the reference but 
which is paid before the award, 
for such period ending not later 
than the date of foe pay mem as 
he thinks fit ". 

That provision came inio 
force on April I. I9S3. 

By section 1 5(2) a new section 
35A" was inserted into the Su- 
preme Court Act 1981 empow- 
ering the High Court to award 
simple interest on payments 
made before judgment 

The argument before Mr Jus- 
tice Lcggatt turned on foe 
question whether section 19 A 
had retrospective effect on 
arbitration agreements made 
before April 1. 1983. 

The question was not whether 
section 19A was by its terms or 
necessary implication retrospec- 
tive. but “what was the term 
implied when ibe original 
arbitration agreement was 

if the implied term was that 
foe arbitrator was to conduct the 
arbitration and have all such 
powers as be would have had in 
accordance with the law when 
foe agreement was entered into 
in September 19 7 4. then the 
answer to foe question raised by 
the special case would depend 
on whether section )9 a was 

Bui if foe implied term was 
that the arbitration was to be 
conducted and the arbitrator 
was to have all such powers as 
he might have at the time of his 
award, it was immaterial 
whether section |9 a was 
retrospective or not 

(n other words it .was not a 
question, as Mr Justice Lcggatt 
i nought, of implying a new- term 
imo an existing contract, but of 
ascertaining foe true intention 
and effect of foe existing con- 

In Chandris r Ishrondtsen- 
StoUcr Co Incorporated if 1951] 

I KB 240), the Court of Appeal 
held that an arbitrator's power 
to award interest derived in- 
directly from foe submission to 

Lord Justice Tucker said, at 
p2b2: “in mercantile references 
... it is an implied term of the 
contract that the arbitrator must 
decide foe dispute according to 
the existing law of contract, and 
that every' right and dis- 
cretionary remedy given to a 
court of law can be exercised by 

His Lordship had no doubt 
that “existing law" there meant 
the law existing at the date of the 
award. Any other view would be 

No one would suggest that the 
court should apply foe law as it 
stood at foe date of the arbitra- 
tion agreement, ignoring any 
subsequent decisions of the 

It followed that foe arbitrator, 
too. was obliged to apply case 
law at foe time of his award 
That was what the parties must 
have intended by their sub- 

Nor was any distinction to be 
mde between substantive or 
procedural law tihc question of 
interest being a matter of proce- 

It was submitted for the 
charterers that if that view were 
correct section 19A would be 
ouose since arbitrators could, by 

analogy, apply section 35A of 
the Supreme Court Act 1981, as 

He also argued that an ar- 
bitrator appointed under 
arbitration agreements entered 
into after April I, 1983, would 
have two sources of power, the 
express one under section 19A 
and an implied power to follow 
the High Court under section 
35 A of the 1981 Act, which was 
contrary to the reasoning in 
President of India v La Piruada 
Compania Navigation SA 
(JI985] AC 104. 131. 

His Lordship could not accept 
either of those arguments. Sec- 
tion 12 of the 1950 Act con- 
tained a number of express 
provisions relating to the con- 
duct of proceedings which, in 
the absence of express pro- 
vision. might well have been 
implied. It did not mean that 
section 12 was otiose. No more 
was section 19A. 

In La Piruada the two rem- 
edies concerned would have 
been inconsistent. No such in- 
consistency existed in the 
present ease. 

For the reasons given, section 
I9A applied to all arbitration 
agreements under the Arbitra- 
tion Act 1950, whenever made. 

Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Nicholls delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors; Sinclair Roche & 
Tempcrtey; Stock en & Lambert- 

Duty to give details 

Regina v Central Criminal 
Court, Ex parte Adegbesan 
and Others 

Where a police officer sought 
an order from a circuit judge for 
access to “special procedure 
material" for the purposes of a 
criminal investigation, under 
section 9 of and Schedule I to 
the Police and Criminal Ev- 
idence Act 1984. it was his duty 
to sei out in the notice served 
upon foe person from whom the 
material was sought a descrip- 
tion of all that was sought to be 

Failure to do so could result in 
the recipient of the notice 
unwittingly destroying that ma- 
terial since it was impossible for 
him to know whether he was 

Dews v National Coal Board 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Parker and Lord Justice Woolf 
{Judgment given May 19] 

In foe calculation of damages 
for loss of earnings the amount' 
or any contribution to a com- 
pulsory contributory pension 
scheme should be excluded. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when allowing an appeal by tbe 
National Coal Board against the 
judgment of Mr Justice Michael 
Davies, sitting at Sheffield on 
March IS. I9SS. who had given 
judgment in favour of foe 
plaintiff. Mr John Dews, for £55 
together with interest, being 
damages for loss of earnings 
equal to the sum of the contribu- 
tions to the Mmeworkers' Pen- 
sion Scheme which the plaintiff 
would have been liable to make 
during a period when he was off 
work and receiving no pay as a 
result of injuries suffered at 

Mr T.R.A. Morison. QC and 
Mr Nicholas Underhill for the 
NCB: Mr Robert Alexander. QC 
and Mr Simon P. Grenfell for 
foe plaintiff. 

ROLLS said that it was a term of 
foe plaintiffs employment tbat 
he should belong to foe pension 
scheme. Under foe rules be was 

obliged to make a 


complying with the provisions 
relating to non-disposal of the 
relevant material within para- 
graph II of Schedule 1. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice 
Schiemann) so held on May 20 
when it allowed an application 
for an order of certiorari to 
quash foe orders made on April 
18. 1986. by the Common 
Sergeant. Judge Pigot, QC at the 
Central Criminal Court, under 
Schedule I of foe 1984 Act upon 
the application of Detective 
Chief Inspector Atkins of the 
company fraud department at 
New Scotland Yard requiring 
the applicants to produce docu- 
ments to a constable within 
seven days. 

The NCB was entitled to elect 
that foe contribution should be 
made by deduction from the 
plaintiffs pay. The NCB was 
obliged to make a matching 
contribution. The plaintiffs 
contribution came out of his 
earnings and was made with his 
money, whereas that of the NCB 
was made from its own funds. 

The court's task was to pro- 
vide some logical dividing line 
between deductions which wen: 
to be added to take-home pay 
when calculating loss of earn- 
ings and those which were not 

The only binding authority 
was British Transport Commis- 
sion v Gouricv (fl956{ AC 18S) 
read in the light Of Pony v 
Cleaver (fI970j AC tj, which 
decided that in the case of a 
Schedule D taxpayer the court 
looked to the gross toss of 
earnings and deducted the tax 
which would have been payable. 

By parity of reasoning in the 
case of a Schedule E taxpayer 
the court looted to the loss of 
lake-home pay. 

The slam ng point was Parry v 
Cleaver. There Lord Reid had 
sai>L at pi 3, that two questions 

“First, what did foe plaintiff 
lose as a result of foe accident? 
What are the sums which he 
would have received but for foe 
accident but which by reason of 
foe accident he can no longer 

“And secondly, what are the 
sums which be did in fact 
receive asa result of foe accident 
but which he would not have 
received if there had been no 
accident? And (hen the question 
arises whether the latter suras 
must be deducted from the 
former in assessing the 

Lord Reid had pointed out 
that Gourley's case was con- 
cemeu with the first question 
and Parry v Cleaver with foe 

The instant appeal was con- 
cerned with the first question. 
Mr Alexander submitted that 
what foe plaintiff lost was his 
gross pay less only foe deduc- 
tions for income tax and Na- 
tional Insurance. 

The pension scheme deduc- 
tion might have been com- 
pulsory m foe sense that foe 
plaintiff would not have been 
employed if be had not agreed to 
it. but the position would have 
been no different if he had bad 
the option of subscribing to an 
approved pension scheme, foe 
payments being made by him 
rather than by deduction. 

His Lordship accepted foal 
there was no magic in the fact 
that the plaintiff contributed to 
foe pension scheme by a com- 
pulsory deduction from his 
earnings, and that ifit had been 
compulsory either to agree to a 
deduction or make a like pay- 
ment to an approved pension 
fund, the answer would have 
been foe same whichever elec- 
tion the plaintiff had made. 

His Lordship would take 
three different arrangements. 

In case 1 the earner was 
entitled to Ly a year and to a 
non-contributory pension of & 
a year. 

In case 2 (he canter was 
entitled to Ux+y) but by foe 

terras of his employment he was 
obliged lo pay £.v as a contribu- 
tion to a pension of iz. the 
payment being by deduction. 
His take-home pay was fix. 

In case 3 foe earner was 
entitled to £/x+y), but by the 
terms of his employment he was 
obliged to pay ty to an approved 
pension fund as a contribution 
towards a pension of £=. Unlike 
cases I and 2 his take-home pay 
was £(x +y). but like those 
earners, his disposable income 
was SXx+y). 

There was something wrong 
with any argument which drove 
the court to treat those cases 
differently, and there was no 
reason why they should be. In a 
sense the earners in cases 2 and 
3 earned more than in case 1, 
and foe earner in case 3 had a 
larger take-home pay than cases 
I and 2. 

Bui in all three cases the 
remuneration was the same, 
namely, partly disposable in- 
come ana partly pension rights. 
The loss of each had to be 
valued separately bcause they 
were different 

The plaintiff had suffered a 
loss of disposable income for 
which he had already received 
an award of damages. He had 
not lost the amount which 
would have been deducted from 
his wage in respect of pension 
contribution because it would 
never have been at his dis- 
position. On the other hand, he 
might have, but had not suf- 
fered a loss of pension rights. 

On foal approach there was 
no difficulty about National 
Insurance contributions. On foe . 
other hand, any consequential 
loss of National Insurance bene- 
fits was brought into account. 

Again, there was no difficulty 
about union dues, or about 
private health or accident insur- 
ance contracts entered into by. 
foe earner which were not 
required by tbe terms of his' 
contract of employment. 

The plaintiff had lost neither 
£55 of disposable income nor 
any pension benefits. The ap- 
peal should be allowed. 

said that the decision m 
Gourley's case afforded no sup- 
port for foe view that a liability 

which would necessarily have 
' been incurred ■ as a result of 
earnings but which was - not 
incurred as a result of an 
inability to work was only 
deductible from gross earnings if 
it was a liability imposed by law. 

It established merely that one /a 
sought to ascertain the plaintiffs 
loss, and in so doing it was the 
realities which bad to be looked 
at. not technicalities such as 
remoteness or res Inter alios. 

Some attempt had been made 
to rely on tbe complexity which 
would result were necessary 
to assess whai, 'by way of 
pension rights had been lost by 
foe non-payment of contribu- 
1 dons. Similar arguments bad 
been addressed to the House Of 
Lords in Gourley’s case with 

regard to tax and .were - rejected. 

His Lordship rejected them. in 
principle in the case of valuation 
of loss of pension rights and they 
did not arise in foe present case 
since foe plaintiff lost nothing. 

The appeal should be allowed 
on foe simple ground that the 
plaintiffs real loss did not 
include the contributions which 
he and his employers would 
have been obliged to make and 
would have made lathe pension 
scheme. In some circumstances 
a loss of pension rights might be 
shown, but not' in the 1 present 

His Lordship bad had an 
opportunity to read in draft foe 
judgment of the Master of foe 

Rolls, and while a disposable 
income test would fit some cases 
it was doubtful whether it would 
fit all. and it was preferable to 
eschew any attempt to lay down 
a formula. 

agreeing with "Lord Justice/ 
Parker, said that he did no?- 
accept that, a solution was 
provided by asking' whether foe 
contribution Was compulsory. 

If the contributions would 
have been paid voluntarily but 
for the accident , and were not 
requ ired to be made because by 
.foe terms ofa pension policy the 
premiums were waived during a 
period pr . incapacity, credit 
would sun have to be given for 
- the premiums. 

Solicitors: Mr C. T. Peach. 
Doncaster; Raky & PratL 
Barnsley. - 



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India gives Kinnock 
top-level welcome fit 
for a Prime Minister 

MrNeil Kinnock, the len drr 
of the Labour Party, arrived in 
India yesterday at the begin- 
ning of a nine-day tour in 
which the Indian Government 
is treating him very much as 
the next Prime Minister of 

Technically he is invited by 
the ruling Congress (I) Party, 
but his programme is being 
organized for the party by the 
protocol department of the 
Foreign Ministry, and he is 
being given virtually unlimit- 
ed access to the senior figures 
of the Government. 

from Michael Handya, Delhi 

He said, as he was wel- 
comed at the VIP lounge in 
Delhi's new Indira Gandhi 

airport terminal, that he was 
here “to look, to listen and to 
learn, and to exchange ideas ' 
about British and Indian rela- 
tions. and about the alliance 
for development between the 
North and South." 


He was greeted by Mr Aijun 
Singh, the vice-president of 
the Congress Party, Mr 
Romesh Bhandari, nntO re- 
cently the Foreign Secretary 
but now the head of a party 
foreign policy group, and Mr 
NipeJ Broomfield, the acting 
British High Qraimissioner. 

When he said that he 
wished be had 10 weeks to stay 

in India, Mr Aijun Singh 
replied: “Even that would be 

Mr Kinnock immediately 
commented on two of the 
subjects that are likely to 
dominate his discussions with 
the Indians. On South Africa, 
he emphasized his support for 
a programme of comprehen- 
sive sanctions a gain <et the 
apartheid regime within the 
Commonwealth. * 

“We believe that the isola- 
tion ofSouih Africa is the only 
realistic basis for a non- 
violent solution," be said. 
This is very much in sympa- 
thy with the views of the 
Government of Mr Gandhi. 

When asked about terror- 
ism, he replied that “civilized 
people can only have one view 
on terrorism" Bui the Indians 
will find that the civil libertar- . 
ian wing of Ids party will not 
permit him to offer much in 
the way of legislation aimed at 
curbing Sikh extremists in- 
Britain, which has been a 
constant cause of irritation in 
Brhisb-Indian relations. 

The labour Leader, who is 
accompanied by Mrs Glenys 
Kinnock, his wife, spent the 
day resting before meeting the 
High Commission staff 

Today be will lay a wreath 

at the funeral site of Mahatma 

During the next few days he 
will have two meetings with 

Mr Gandhi, and will also meet 

the ministers in charge of 
finance, foreign affairs and 

He will pay formal calls on 
the President and Vice-Presi- 
dent, and will meet a number 
of Congress leaders of a previ- 
ous generation, all of whom 
had dose ties with the British 
Labour Party. 

At the end of the week Mr 
Kinnock will visit Ahmed- 
abad, which used to be called 
the Manchester of India. He is 
keen to be in touch with the 
Patel community. Gujaratis 
who dominated immigration 
to East Africa and, with the 
Sikhs from Punjab, to 

• CHANDIGARH: Five peo- 
ple, including two Sikh gun- 
men, were killed in renewed 
violence in Punjab as pressure 
grew on Mr Rajiv Gandhi to 
send the Army to the northern 
state to tackle Sikh extremists 
(Reuter reports). 

The deaths raised the toll in 
Punjab this month to 79 and 
increased fears of a flight to 
other parts of India by Hin- 
dus, who form 40 per cent of 
the state's 18 million people. 

Economic gloom in Australia 

Union pact sought 
to cure Labor ills 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

Slr Bob Hawke, who is on an overseas tour, being welcomed b>- Vice-President Salvador 
Laurel of the Philippines and his daughter, Estela, in Manila yesterday. 

Australian economic policy 
is. perhaps not surprisingly, 
undergoing a fundamental re- 
appraisal after Iasi week's 
warning by Mr Paul Keating, 
the Treasurer, that unless a 
disastrous trade deficit is re- 
versed it could become a 
banana republic. 

At the same time, the 
Government has been made 
to look unusually rattled by 
the episode which has shown 
the Prime Minister, Mr Bob 
Hawke, to be at odds with the 
man who in happier times he 
described as the world's great- 
est treasurer, and who is 
certainly the most important 
government member after the 
Prime Minister. 

The Labor leadership has 
responded to the latest disap- 
pointing trade figures with a 
formula which in the past has 
served it well in dealing with 
economic difficulties: a top- 
level meeting with business 
and union leaders. 

This meeting has been 
scheduled for June 5. and Mr 
Keating has said it wilt go right 
' back to basics. In the sudden 
atmosphere of emergency cre- 
ated by his remarks, all sides 
will be under pressure to make 
proposals for a new consensus. 

The basis of economic poli- 
cy since Mr Hawke came to 
power in 1983 has been the 
accord between the Govern- 

ment and the unions on wages 
and prices, which was extend- 
ed for two years last year when 
the unions agreed to discount __ 
the national wage award of 4.5 
per cent by 2 per cent in return ; 
for lax cuts to be introduced in - 

Mr Keating has already 
indicated that the tax cuts will ' 
be delayed, and is seeking 
other sacrifices from the 
ACTU, Australia's equivalent ; 
of the TUC and Mr Hawke’s ■ 
original power base. 

The unions, which have 
benefited from a slowing of: 
inflation, have indicated that 
they will consider concessions 
in return for commitments by 
the business community to 
increase investment in manu- 
facturing industry. 

But the high expectations 
raised over the summit con- 
tain an inherent risk for Mr 
Hawke. There are signs that a 
recession is coming, and living 
standards are actually expect- 
ed to drop this year. 

The Government's standing 
in the opinion polls has taken 
a sudden dip. and it is neck 
and neck with the coalition of 
the Liberal and National par- 
ties for the first time since the 
1983 victory. 

The last thing Labor needs 
now is trouble between Mr 
Hawke and Mr Keating, who 
is often tipped as his successor 

Jaffna call 

for end to 

army push 

Colombo (Reuter) — Cit- 
izens' committees in Jaffna, 
stronghold of Tamil separatis t 
guerrillas, yesterday appealed 
to President Jnyemrdene of 
Sri Lanka to stop a nritftary 
offensive that they say has 
already killed 90 civilians. 
“The offensive has been the 

most inhuman and brutal of all 

army attacks," the co-ordinat- 
ing committee of 40 citizens’ 
committees in Jaffna said. 

MiKtnry spokesmen said 
the six-day “turnaround of 
troops" operation, to dear 
roads and secure bases, ended 
successfully on Friday. 

Thirty rebels, two soldiers 
and a dvflkn had been killed, 
according to officials, who 
denied residents' reposts of 
bombing raids on Jaffim. 

• Villagers killed: Twenty- 
nine Sinhalese. weie.kifled fegp 
Tamil guerrillas in five vil- 
lages in the Eastern Province 
at the weekend (Vpn Yapa 

On Friday nme S inhal e s e 
died and nine were injured 
when about 40 gnemHas at- 
tacked three villages in the 
Trincomatee district 
On Saturday a family was 
killed and three people in- 
jured, and yesterday 19 people 
were killed and 20 ffljoti 
Many of the villagers had 
Qed last year under threat of 
attack but had returned. The 
are thought to be in 
retaliation for the army opera- 
tion at Jaffna. 

Sikh fined 

in airliner 
crash case 

From John Best 

A Sikh arrested last year, in 
connection with the Air India 
crash in June off the Irish 
coast, has been fined 
$Can2,000 (£1,000) for illegal- 
ly possessing 12.5 ounces off 
dynamite and a revolver. 

Inderjit Singh Reyat, an 
electrician . and prominent 
member of the Sikh commu- 
nity of Duncan, British Co- 
lumbia, where the case was 
heard, pleaded guilty to the 
cfaaiges last month after a 
lengthy preliminary hearing. 
A number, of more serious 
charges were dismissed. 

Mr Reyat was arrested last 
November bythe Royal Cana- 
dian Mounted Police task 
force investigating the crash 
on June 23, in which 329 
people died, and the explosion 
the same day at Tokyo's 
Narita airport, in which two 
baggage handlers were IdOedL 

• The Air India jet was en 
route to Ddhifrom Montreal 
via London. The crash is 
thought to have been caused 
by a bomb. At Narita a bomb 
went off in luggage from a 
Canadian Pacific Airline jet 
just in from Vancouver. 

The RCMP believes- that 
both bombs were planted by 
Canadian-based extremists 
campai g nin g fora Sikh stale of 
Khalistan in Punjab, but has 
had trouble putting enough 
evktence together. 







VKr * ; 





Ershad keeps familiar 
faces in the Cabinet 

From Ahmed Faad, Dhaka 

President Ershad yesterday Marshal Sultan Mahmud; Post 

formed a new Cabinet, ap- 
pointing 17 new ministers, 
five stale ministers and three 
deputy ministers from amo ng 
the pro-government parlia- 
mentary members elected in 
the May 7 polls. ... 

He kept on the eight minis- 
ters of the old Cabinet, includ- 
ing those in the key mini stries 
of the Interior, Home Affairs 
(security) and Agriculture. 

The President retained De- 
fence and Establishment while 
aicn taking over Health and 
Population Control- 
Those sworn into office at 
the presidential pa lace were 
former ministers who bad 
resigned in March to qualify 
as election candidates for the 
government-backed Jatiyo 
Party. . , . . 

Those who retained them 
old portfolios were: Hnmayun 

Rasheed Cboudhunr. Foreign 

Affairs; Dr M. A- Matin, Edu- 

cation; Moudud 
Communications; ana Nazi 
7a far Ahmed, Commerce. 


was that of General . — 

Huq, from Health to Pan- 
ning. .. 

General Ershad said me 
new Cabinet was an . mternn 
one and would function until 
Parliament was called into 
session in July . 

The Cabinet « J*****! 
Establishment. »» 

Population Control, FJesuK™ 
Eretad; Port* and Snpp* 1 ^ 
Island Water TtagP^J*} 
Navy Chief of Stag Adm nal 
Sultan Ahmed: lndBstries,A" 
Force Chief of Staff. VK»- 

and Telecomm* ni cations, 
Mizanur Rahman Choudhury; 
f Q m p Mm kuHnng- Moudud. Ah- 
med; Law and Justice, A.K.M. 
Nurul Islam; Relief and 
Kehaba&ation. Gen. Abdul 
Man nan Stddiqiu; Pla nning , 
rwt Shams ul Huq; Food, Gen. 
Mahabbat Jan Choudhury; 
Agriculture, Gen. M. A. 
Munim; Home Affairs, Gen. 
Mahmudul Hassan; Local Gov- 
ernment. Rural Development 
and Co-operatives, Vice-Mar- 
shal K. M. Aminul Islam; Com- 
merce. Kaa Zflfar Ahmed; 
Religious Affairs, Shamsul 
Huda Choudhury; Education, 
M- A. Matin; labour Md Man- 
power. M- Kprban U; infarum- 
tkm, Shah Moazzem Hossain; 
Jute and Textiles. MA Sattar, 
l aid! Administration, Land Re- 
forms, A.K.M. Moyeedul Is- 
lam; Irrigation, Water, Dev- 
elopment and Flood Control, 
Anisul Islam Mahmud; Fish- 
eries and Livestock, Shrajul 
Hossain Khan; Social Welfare 
and Women's Affairs, Raba 
Bhuiyan; Youth and Sports. 
Zakir Khan Choudhury; Energy 
and Mineral .Resources, Anwar 
Hossain; Foreign Affair*. Hum- 
ayiin Rasheed Choudhury, 
Works, Salahuddin Kader 
Mbtisten of State Defer**, 
CSvfi Aviation and Tourism, 
Safiqid Gani Swapan; Commn- 
n ifAms . Sunil Gupta; lawn nar 
don. Anwar Zakh Enemy and 
Mineral Resources. JJ.-COL 
Zafar Imam; Local Government, 
Rural Development and Co- 
operatives, Mosatafa Jama 

(Vnaty ministers: Yoath ad 
Sjwrt*. Sheikh Sbahidul ton; 
Edneatiafl, Ziaudra Ahmed 
Rablm find Industries, 
M^tahuddm Ahmed BaWu. 

Dhaka amnesty offer 

_ . • ftm wH m »nt officials m tl 

of Bangladesh have Spread the word that free 

against a military solunon of ^ esprau^ grants will be 
ihe secessionist Shamj guerrillas surrender- 

Bahim" guerrilla movement ^£^35. 

m the county’s ^tb-eastem Ministiy sources 

jungles and is trying tosttad to ogmaate that some 4,000 guer- 
win over the tribesmen wnaa ^ hoj^ omm 

month-long general arnn^ty ^ honoring ihe Indian 

(Our Correspondent wniesj. of Trtpura and Bunna. 

The amnesty Over 2,000 hadsunendered in 

an earlier amnesty 1985. 

. lue amnesty 
no unced over -me state radto 





Funnily enough, we’ve found that 

Summer may attract 
the holiday-makers 
in droves, but it’s in 















|eisV< v ^ 
1' ,'A 


winter that scores 
of Gas people stay 
there for warmth! 

‘Where on earth are 
they? you may ask. | 

The answer lies 33 miles out in the Irish Sea on the Morecambe 

Gas field. A field the size of Sheffield which helps supply the extra 


gas you need to see you through the winter.! 

But what makes Morecambe more remarkable is that ift one of 
the first gas fields in Europe to use ‘slant drilling A clever technique 

which allows the wells to reach out 
furtherfrom each platform, so extracting 
gas from a larger area| 

In fact, there); enough gas down there 
to supply Greater Manchester and the 

* l 

whole of Merseyside for the next 40 years, 

Itwill, of course, be used to benefit the rest of the country as well 
That should be more than enough to RpB ja fa Q 33 ' 

warm the cockles of everybody^ heart! energy is our business 

a-- •- 


2 - ; 


***-. . 
was — I 

I - 

781 = I 

tix | 

divi - 1 I 
0.8p — I 
000, I 

,740 — 

.740- j 

‘7,_ , 


ilO),^' I 
ex- ~ 











Charges against the fat cats 

The Bar faces changes 
that threaten its very 
future. As its members 
rally in London, 
Frances Gibb looks at 
the evidence in the 
case for reform 

Today barristers from all over 
England and Wales will put aside 
wigs and gowns and gather for the 
first social conference in their histo- 
ry. For such an individualistic, 
private profession, it is a an unprece- 
dented get-together and a sign of the 
Bar's slow but steady emergence 
over recent months from its co- 
cooned and cosy existence. 

It takes place at a critical time. As 
a recent report from a group of 
barristers under Lord Rawlinson, 
former Conservative Attorney-Gen- 
eral. put it the Bar now faces a 
challenge which threatens its "very 

There is a vociferous lobby which 
favours a radical overhaul of the 
legal profession and the restrictive 
practices which distinguish solicitors 
and barristers. It envisages a Bar cut 
to half its present size, w hich would 
still in practice undertake the weight- 
ier litigation but which would rub 
shoulders with solicitors for all other 

Such moves by solicitors wanting 
equal rights with barristers in the 
courts are not just paper proposals: 
already there has been a small 
relaxation of the rules giving solici- 
tors a foot in the door of the High 
Court, and they are pressing for the 
jewel in the crown of advocacy work, 
the Crown court. 

There is pressure as well from 
government officials for reform: 
lawyers and judges. Lord Hajisham 
said recently, would have to rethink 
traditional practices and adopt new- 
working procedures to revitalize the 
profession. A number of such new 
working practices 3re now on the 
table in current talks with govern- 
ment officials on pay rises for legal 
aid work. 

And. not least, there has been 
pressure in the past 18 months from 
the rank-and-file of the profession, 
which led to an overhaul of the Bar 
Council when a group of reforming 
barristers, the so-called “Wilde 
bunch", secured a slate of seats. They 
wanted a more active, aggressive, 
pubiicly-aware leadership: a govern- 
ing body more detnocraciically elect- 
ed and representative of the young 
provincial Bar and not just the high- 
earning. QCs. the “fet cats”; and they 
wanted leaders ready to fight for 
more money from the Government 
in the battle for publicly-funded legal 
aid w ork. 

The face of the profession is now 
very different from ten years ago. 
There has been massive growth: the 
number of barristers in privaie 

Survival may mean 
a smaller, more 
cost effective Bar 

practice has risen from 3.730 in 1975 
to 3.203 in 1984, of which the 
provincial Bar has remained con- 
stant at just under 30 per cent. 

And the predictions are that 
growth will continue, although by 
bow much will depend crucially on 
government funding of the legal aid 
scheme. That scheme and the conse- 
quent huge expansion in criminal 
work is the main factor behind the 
buigeoning Bar in recent years. 
Somewhere between 2,000 and 3,000 
practioners, in both London and the 

provinces, are materially dependent 
on criminal work — about one half of 
the whole practising Bar. 

Growth has brought a crisis of 
accommodation, particularly in 
London, where banisters have to 
find seats in Chambers in and close 
to the Inns of Court. There is now se- 
rious overcrowding with young bar- 
risters often sharing small rooms and 
desks; many of the buildings are old 
and in need of repair and quite 
unsuited to a modem barrister's 
needs, which even in that most 
antiquated of professions, now em- 
brace new technology. 

So the profession is being forced to 
look for accommodation outside the 
hallowed portals of the inns, which 
so far only few - notably Lord 
Gifford QC with his set in Covent 

Garden — have ventured beyond. At 
the same time, the four Inns are 
slowly but inevitably moving away 
from the present subsidies towards a 
full economic rent. 

AU this has brought a very 
different attitude, an awareness of 
the need to respond and relate to the 
outside world Perhaps the Bar was 
always prepared to update its work- 
ing practices, but outside pressures 
have added a cutting edge to its self- 
scrutiny and brought it into the 
open. It is also keen to he seen 
forcing the pace of change: a number 
of reforms now in the pipeline to 
streamline the legal profession by 
using one lawyer instead of two have 
come from the Bar. 

And from being one of the most 
hidden of professions. it has ac 
quircd a high public profile: this year 
it appointed public relations consul- 
tants. is is considering allowing some 
advertising by chambers and it. has 
brought in management consultants 
to look at its structure. 

By next year, its new shape will 
have taken more visible form. There 
are plans to overhaul the governing 
bodies of the Bar, to turn it into a sin- 
gle. barristers-only (no judges), tough 
and more representative body that is 
prepared to adopt a trades-union 
role on behalf of its members, and to 
tackle the Government and other 
organizations on such issues as legal 
aid fees. In the wake of the recent 
High Court action against the Lord 
Chancellor, such a body is now- 
thought essentia] for the profession's 

Other problems remain. Despite a 
greater social mix. the Bar is still 
mainly male, middle and upper class 
and now struggling to attract the best 
recruits. More and more, these are 
turning to the solicitors' branch, for 
despite various scholarships, the Bar 
still means real hardship for several 
years. Yel only Lord GitTord QC 
offers pupil banisters a wage and 
paid holiday. 

Future survival may require better 
pay and conditions; it mav also 
mean a smaller, more cost-effective 
Bar. whether brought about by the 
profession itself or forced by govern- 
ment constraints on legal aid. Either 
way, the profession is set for change. 

It is clearly marshalling its defences; 
but there is no doubt it has come 
down off the ramparts to do so. 

One of thq chosen: Ralph Brown with bis sculpture, “Vaite" 

For 100 years the past your window, if you 

~ ; can't- draw a recognizable 

Royal Academy has sketch by the time he reaches 

- , , . the ground you have not right 

picked its summer to vourseif as artist?” 

-i,_ riZrr asks Hogarth over beef tea. 

SHOW the Same way. There used to have to be a 

Simon Tait looked JK&3E.SS5 

behind the scenes 


In its present turmoil, the Bar has 
been blessed with probably the first 
leaders ever prepared to don a doth 
cap for its members and cock a snook 
at the establishment. 

On the face of it, Robert Alexander 
QC did not look like tbe man the 
young Bar last year was clamouring 
for. They wanted a leader who would 
fight for tbe 2.000-3,000 members 
who were bitter, angry and demoral- 
ized oyer the low level of legal aid 
fees; and who wonid stand np to the 
Government, without a thought for 
promotion to tbe bench. 

.As one of the most-sought after 
sQks at tbe Bar, one of the so-called 
fat cats from towards the top of the 
small high-earning league of barris- 
ters who may gross £409, 00^ * year 
before tax and expenses, he did not 
seem to fit the bill. 

But Alexander, 49, who has com- 
pleted just nine months as Bar 
chairman, has taken cp the cause of 
tbe criminal Bar with a fervour few 
would have matched. He will un- 
doubtedly go down in history as the 
man who led the Bar when it took 
Lord Hails ham of SL Marylebone, 
the Lord Chancellor and head of the 
judiciary, to court orer his routine 

upraring of 3 per cent for legal aid 

And it was ironically his very 
reputation as a bighly-successsful 
QC that enabled him — and the Bar 
— to stick his neck out Others might 
not have had the nerve, and even 
government officials on the receiving 
end did not believe, until the very last 
minute, that he would follow it 

Born in Stoke-on-Trent, where his 
father owned a filling station and 
garage, he has reached the top of the 

He will muster every 
skill to fight 

Bar with neither family connections 
nor private income. He' took a 2J at 
Ring's College, Cambridge, a 
Hannsworth Scholarship from the 
Middle Temple, and after joining the 
Western circuit was spotted by Lord 
RoskilL, then chairman of Hamp- 
shire quarter sessions, who become 
his friend and mentor. 

He has built up his experience in 
public law and commercial work, and 

risen to public prominence with such 
briefs as representing tbe Prime 
Minister against the dvil service 
unions' 1984 challenge to her deri- 
sion to outlaw unions at GCHQ; BP 
in the J977 sanction-busting case; 
the Greater London Council in the 
1981 “fares fare** case and the 
environment secretary last year 
against the county councils over rate- 

He also represented the British 
Government at the European Court 
in Strasbourg twice last year, Indud- 
ing the nationalization compensation 
case brought by six groups of 
shipbuilding and engineering 

An intense supporter of the En- 
glish legal system and of its role for 
tbe Bar, he is admirably suited to the 
new. general secretary-like role that 
the profession increasingly wants. 
Although in private he deplores over- 
manning and supports moves to strip 
away some of the traditional prac- 
tices where two lawyers do a job that 
one could do, he is a passionate 
advocate of the two branch profes- 
sion; and in the face of the the cmrent 
challenges to that system, wQI 
muster every skill at his disposal to 
fight tbe challengers off. 

S'-*** 1 


Robert Alexander, QC: leading the fight for change 


Growing friendship 


If Florida had a national flag carrier, it would be 
Eastern Airlines. After all, we are the official airline of 
Walt Disney World. And although we fly the Americas 
with a fleet larger than Pan Am and TWA together, 
Miami is our hometown. 

if you're flying before 31 May 1986, we'll take you 
to Miami, Tampa or Orlando for a standby fare of just 
£159 one way or £318 round trip. (The return travel 
must be completed before 30 June 1986.) 

Which means that with Eastern you can enjoy 
economy fares which include a standard of in-flight 
service far from economy. 

No wonder we're Wait Disney World's official 

Last Wednesday Mr Michael 
Jopling. Minister of .Agricul- 
ture, looking understandably 
less than bis usual exuberant 
self after a prolonged bout of 
pneumonia, braved the chill 
wind and driving rain of an 
English May morning to in- 
spect some wild flowers, a 
hawthorn hedge, a coppiced 
oak wood and a couple of 
ponds used for rearing trout 
and crayfish and which also 
double as a bird sanctuary. 

The Minister was accompa- 
nied on his tour of Pledgdon 
Halt Farm, near Bishop's 
Stortford in Hertfordshire, by 
a shivering group of civil 
servants, termers, conserva- 
tion experts and journalists, 
Lhe purpose of the expedition 
being to mark the official 
launch of a campaign to 
promote tbe idea that forming 
and conservation are natural 
allies and not, as many people 
seem to think, enemies. 

During tbe first week of 
June 33 formers in England 
and Wales from as for apart as 
Northumbria. Suffolk and 
Cornwall will conduct guided 
tours of their properties. The 
main purpose is to show 
farmers themselves what a 
well managed form should 
look like and to demonstrate 
environmentally sound prac- 
tices. but there will also be 
public open days In each 

Tbe most noteworthy as- 
pect of what, initially at least. 

and farmers are at 
last joining forces 
in a campaign 
to be launched 
next week 

VMS pas a 



The wings of the Americas 


| The Motor Shaw 
leads a 
Country Life 

The<an. rfreriimx thcGbmotK rfw 
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MfWfSfx * 1 Number ri'Coanfry Life. 
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. 01-2615401. 

V. - »- • r*-c- 

•’ J& wfy* 

is a fairly modest exercise is 
that the organization and pro- 
motion has been entrusted to 
the Ministry’s Agricultural 
Development and Advisory 
Service (ADAS). Until recent- 
ly this body was considered to 
have no role other than to tell 
farmers how to “’improve** 
their forms in tire interests of 
ever greater productivity. 

ADAS would deny that this 
has ever been Its sole purpose 
and would say that it has 
never advocated destructive 
practices such as chopping 
down trees, ripping out hedges 
or draining historic water 
meadows to grow more grain. 
Bui for environmental bodies 
such as the Nature Conservan- 
cy Council and the Council for 
ine Protection of Rural En- 
gland. its very name has been 
synonymous with all the most 
unsightly and destructive 
farming changes - 
The change of heart began a 
year or two ago when, for the 
firet time, the European Com- 
mission started talking about 

- T ~y 

conservation being one of the 
objectives of the EEC Com- 
mon Agricultural Policy and 
suggesting that it was time to 
stan paying formers for doing 
things other than just produce 
more food. This effectively 
undermined the Ministry’s in- 
sistence until then that it had 
no power to make grants For 
conservation, but it was still 
slow to act. 

Ironically the Ministry’s 
conversion, accompanied by a 
distinct change of attitudes 
within the industry, has coin- 
cided with the prospect of the 
most acute agricultural reces- 
sion since the Second World 
War. Faced with a squeeze on 
prices, declining profits and 
possible artificial restraints on 
production, fanners' enthusi- 
asm for conservation may 
have to lake second place. 

Dairy formers with estab- | 
lished quotas, particularly in 
the rich grasslands of the West 
Country, should not find 
things too difficult. Arable 
formers in the East Anglian 
corn belt should also be able to 
survive relatively unscathed, 
but there is a distinct possibili- 
ty that those forming marginal 
land with poor soil could find 
themselves out of business. 

To imagine that abandoned 
land will revert to its 
“natural” state and become an 
environmental treasure house 
is a complete fallacy. It will 
simply become rough unsight- 
ly scrub, with little wildlife 
interest and no amenity or 
recreational value at alL Con- 
servation costs money. 

The English landscape is 
overwhelmingly a man-made 
landscape, the product of cen- 
turies of fanning. The great 
dilemma is how to reduce 
spending on agriculture and at 
the same time enable formers 
to continue making a living, 
and no one has yet produced a 
convincing solution. 

I n his painting “The Coun- 
cil of the Royal Academy- 
Selecting the Summer 
.Exhibition" Charles Cope 
showed Lord Leighton and 
others in top bats and frock 
coals seated in a semi-circle 
while porters pass paintings 
in from of them, resting them 
on a massive reinforced stool. 
Behind is a screen, keeping 
onlookers from this .secret 

It was painted in 1 876, and 
1 00 years later the scene is the 
same, even to the stool. In 
front of the chairman of the 
Selection Committee is a 
table with two wands on it, 
one with a brass D at the end, 
the other with a brass X. Tbe 
X means “no"; D is no better 
than what Sam Goldwyn 
called a “definite maybe" —it 
is left for the Hanging Com- 
mittee to decide. 

All committee members 
are Academicians or Asso- 
ciate RAs and their chairman 
for 1986 is John Ward. “It is 
three weeks of very hard 
work" he says over elevenses 
of the traditional beef tea 
with the other eminent artists 
of his committee. “It's a great 
honour. I don’t know if you 
could say we enjoy iL” 

And while the colours of 
their painterly garb may 
dash, these days the council- 
lors rarely strike discord 
among themselves. “It’s be- 
come surprisingly harmoni- 
ous since the last time I sat", 
says Paul Hogarth, returning 
six years after his first appear- 
ance before the stooL “It’s 
very gentlemanly.” 

T he 80 Academicians 
themselves have an 
automatic right to bang 
up to six pictures in the 
Summer Exhibition, but they 
will account for only about 
380 to 400 of the 1,200 on 
show when this year’s show 
opens on Mav 31. In tire 
meantime, 12,500 works 
have to pass before the 
•election Committee in the 
same ritual enacted by the 
founding president. Sir Josh- 
ua Reynolds, who had a 
struggle to find 34 painters ' 
worth exhibiting. 

Pictures rarely rest on the 
famous stool for more than a 
second. “It’s so quick I have 
to keep a close watch on the 
chairman’s eyes for ’whether 
it’s yes or no”, says Victoria 
Reynolds, the porter who 
holds the paintings on the 
stool and chalks the verdict 
on the back. In feet it is so 
quick that the magic wands 
are not bothered with. 

“Wasn’t it Delacroix who 
said that if you are on the 
fourth floor and a man foils 

vote for accepted pointings. 

, Now if one of tbe conrarinee 
likes a piece it usually gets 
. through with a D. With the 
pieces picked, the Selection 
Committee becomes the 
Hanging Committee, who 
will probably pm a quarter of 
the Ds on die waH. 

Hogarth is right there is 
little discoid. “We don’t want 
that”, says a member about 
one painting. . “Well, ! 
might" says another. “What 
is it, anyway?" asks a third. 
“Someone having a bath." 
“OK." D, chalks Victoria 

In one small gallery, hun- 
dreds of pieces of sculpture 
have been crammed in and . 
Ivor Robexts-Jows. one of 
the sculpture selectors, has 
mislaid bis walking stick; in 
the melee he is afraid he may 
have selected it It turns up 
later in a broom cupboard. 
“Just look at it alii There 
seem to be a lot of HRHs this 
year" [portraits o£ father 
than sculptures by]. "We 
could start by X-mg those". 

E lsewhere Sir- Philip 
Powell is scrawling an 
elegant D on an archi- 
tectural label “What does D 
stand for anyway?” he asks. 
“Doubtful" says Leonard 
Manasseh, co-selector for 

Bui selecting architectural 
drawings is peculiarly diffi- 
cult “We are having to 
choose what might be good 
drawings of a rotten build- 
ing" Manasseh says. “Or 
possibly bad drawings of 
good pieces of architecture" 
adds Sir Philip. "There seem 
to be a great many this year**, 
says Manasseh. “And I have 3 
never seen architectural 
drawings with price tags be- 
fore in the Exhibition. As if 
they were works of art." 

In feet sales have become 
increasingly important. Last 
year a record 4.119 works 
were bought for a total of 
£8 1 4,5 1 4. Three years ago tbe 
Academy was seriously look- 
ing for sponsors to under- 
write a possible loss for the 
Summer Exhibition, accord- 
ing to the RA’s Secretary, 
Piers Rodgers. “Now we’re in 
the position of thinking about - 
it paying for capital 

Because it was such a 1 
success last year — artistical- 
ly as well as financially - £• 
Ward decided to ask last •! 
year's chairman. Norman ■ 
Adams, to join them for the . 
hanging. “This is a unique 
opportunity for an artist", - 
says Adams. “Nowhere else - 
could the hanging of an 
exhibition be. left entirely to 
artists instead of art dealers.” 
The Summer Exhibition 
opera on Saturday, and runs 
until August 24. 


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Marisa Berenson, famous for iw»w» 
famous, is the one American who very h 
got way Hus summer. “London clothes 
here I come . she said, resolutely spends 
squaring. her shoulder pads as she 
cum bed into Concorde and ignored 
all those namby-pamby New York- 
ers w hingeing about bombs and 
terrorist reprisals. Berenson insists 
that she’d never let little things tike 
G a d a ffi stand in the way of her 
career, particularly when there’s 
vital work to be done like launching 
Enrico Coven’s exclusive fashion 
boutique in New Bond Street 

“What truly feminine woman 
could possibly resist Enrico’s chic 
and wonderful clothes?” enthuses 
Berenson, wrapping her wet-look 
bps round a filter tip and gating at 
rails a-dangle with samples of 
Enrico's prolific genius. The air 
smells of fresh carpet There are 
velvety suede skirts and jackets and 
gaudy dye-splashed frocks, and 
brash baggy sweaters with diamante 
motifs across the front Than are 
swimsuits scanned with sequins, 
bikinis scattered with sequins, and a 
particularly eye-catching sequin- 
scattered evening jacket costing 
£1,899 which rattles with every 
heave of the bosom. 

Berenson explains that Enrico is 
big on sequins. He is also big on 
shoulder pads. He even puts them 
into his one-piece swimsuits. His 
creativity knows no limi ts. 

In feet, even as we speak 34-yrar- 
<dd Enrico, who has been flapping 
about in the background and who 
looks the sort of man who’d drop 
dead at the sight of a polyester 
pinafore dress, begins creatively 
arranging 340 white rosebuds in 
glass bowls. A team of bulky- 
shouldered women scamper about 
with coat hangers, some spindly gilt 
chaire are delivered, crates of <±am- 
pagne arrive: Berenson leads me 
into Enrico's private office so that 
we can talk, unhindered, about her. 

“A certain image of me as a parly- 
going jet-setting fortune-hunter was 
created by the press who nicknamed 
me ‘Butterfly. Berenson’ in the ! 

1960s. It has becphauixtmg me for 
20 years”, she 'begin£ -pausing fr>’ 
swallow two pills which, she tab-. .' 
plains, are homoeopathic remedies •' 
for various food afleqptes that afflict 

”1 am. a serious person. I work 
hard. It is true that I like 

js but what woman doesn't? I 

Spend a lot of money on them and I 
. keep the designer sniff stored away 
in trunks ax my home in New York. 
I give some away to the poor bat 
mostly I hang on to things because I 
figured it would tie a good plan to 
donate it all to a museum for a 
fashion retrospective in years to 
come. You see, I think that being a 
woman is fun, and that looking 
beautiful is an important part of 
being a woman.” 

I t is also true, she says, running 
her sun-tanned and exquisitely 
manicured fingers through her 
glossily coified curls, that her 
name has been linked with certain 
millionaires and movie stars, not to 
mention John Travolta, but her 
' work always has priority. “Model- 
ling and acting are my chief 
preoccupation apart from my eight- 
year-old daughter Starlite Melody — 
1 gave her two names just in case 
she thought Starlite was a bit over 
the top. 

“I have always worked very hard 
I was one of the few who braved it 
this month and flew to ffenne* for 
the film festival. I saw it as my 
professional duty to be there. I was 
appearing in A Certain Desire in 
which I play a mother with a 
mentally disturbed, sexually frus- 
trated daughter. It is a deman ding 
part and gives me a wonderful 
opportunity to show some more 
facets of my acting ability. Basically 
the movie is a love story. It is very 
beautifully done, without the com- 
pulsory steamy sex scene." 

Not that she’s against steamy sex 
scenes. Heck no. But she is not the 
kind of actress who will take her 
clothes off merely to pander to the 
prurient. She detests vulgarity. She 
also detests women who let them- 
selves go after the first flush of 
youth. **A woman has to be very 
careful about what she eats. I eat no 
meat, no daily food, no sugar, no 
salt,, no alcohol I stick very strictly 
to. vegetables, grains; fish and font 
and I workout at both of my homes 
;in New York and Paris.” . 

I Ask Berenson whether it is true 
that three years ago she flew (return) 
from New York to Paris to spend 

Watch out: it’s 
women only 

Marisa's meals : “A woman has to be careful what she eats— no meat, no dairy foods, no sugar, no salt” 

one hour consulting with her dress- 
maker and she swears it is a 
dastardly lie. OK, she was born 
wealthy, and OK, she does happen 
to be the granddaughter of the 
grande dame of haute couture. F1«ca 
Schiaparelli, but she wasn't bom 
stupid. No way. _ 

‘Ask Berenson her age and with a 
smile as bright as a five-watt light 
bulb she replies, “I don't mention 
my age”. Ask her about the men in' 
her mb and she grits gleaming teeth 
and says, “I don’t care for personal 
questions. I would like to say that 1 
have never depended on anybody 
except myself There is no reason 
why a woman can’t be interesting 
and intelligent, have a successful 
career and still remain feminine and 
attractive to men . . 

Here she breaks off with a shriek, 
having scorched Enrico’s new desk 

with a nonchalant cigarette butt. 
The smell of burning leather min- 
gles with the aroma of fresh carpet. 
Berenson, once described as “the 
world’s most exciting woman to 
photograph” nips out for an ash- 
tray. Fortunately, Enrico is on hand 
to prevent a crisis. The two of them 
converse in rapid Italian and 
French while, in the boutique 
beyond, the video screen flickers. 

G angs of Enri co-dad mod- 
els with wiggling bo ttoms 
and puffy lips stomp up 
and down the catwalk dragged by 
sequins and pepped up by disco 
music. One has a black tote bag on 
her'head, another looks as if she is 
wrapped in a tabled oth. 

Enrico, wearing a couturier cardi- 
gan and flashy shoes, discloses that 
for the launch, Berenson, once 

voted “the world’s best dressed 
woman for consistent elegance” will 
be wearing a plunging leotard 
covered with black sequins teamed 
with a black-sequinned sarong skirt 
icnntTffri round her hips. Such an 
ensemble sells for around £1,000. 

Fashionable socialites and snap- 
py dressers are already beating paths 
to his doors in Milan, Florence. 
Bologna, Antwerp, Venice and 
Rome to name but six of his 3,500 
sales points. All the world is waiting 
for the sunrise and Enrico’s 1 sequins 
and shoulder pads. Berenson will be 
his guest at the imminent openings 
of his new boutiques in Dallas and 
Tokyo. She is, he says, a wonderful, 
kind friend with an instinct for 
fashion. Naturally he gives her 
special dimnnnta and sample gar- 
ments. She can model Enrico 
garments like they have never been 
modelled before. 

A distressing number of invi- 
tations have come my way 
marked “women only”. They 
press me to listen to female 
writers read their work aloud 
and pay attention to female 
analysts discussing “women’s 

As I lob them towards the 
waste-paper basket, i 
wondenvhaz’s wrong with 
these people: do they consider 
that what they are offering 
isn’t good enough for men? 
And wouldn't they bef the first 
to object if they went to 
someone's house for dinner 
and, after the pudding, were 
required to leave the male 
guests at table to linger over 
their port? 

I can't see any objections to 
that: responding to your 
hostess's frantic signs to tear 
yourself away from the gentle- 
men. You can bet your life 
that in the son of household 
where this is common prac- 
tice, the men-only. after-din- 
ner conversation is not going 
to be either thriliingly indis- 
creet or admirably erudite. It 
is going to be dirty jokes, tales 
of minor commercial battles, 
and accounts of great sporting 
moments. You are better off 
joining the ladies to delve 
deeply into the real stuff of 
life, luce Miss Ferguson's wed- 
ding dress and common 
gynaecological mishaps. 

The real complaint that 
women have against sexual 
segregation is that it is en- 
forced. Give us the chance to 
eat lukewarm nursery food in 
staid dubs in St James's and 
few of us will jump at it. Men 
are less sensitive. Not one of 
them would sulk at being 
excluded from a women-only 
workshop or a Tupperware 





ie one place where the 
separation of the sexes is 
thoroughly annoying is at 
work, where a profession seen 
as a woman’s place provides 
an excuse for low pay, low 
status and invisibility in the 
promotion stakes. An inele- 
gant term for this state of 
affairs is “polyester ghetto" 
and its latest recruit is the 
public relations industry 
which, as more women join it. 
is suffering from declining pay 
and image. 

It is easy to imagine what is 
happening there: a woman is 
matte public relations director 
of a company and given an 
office and a secretary. But the 
real work is done by a man — 
his title could be chief execu- 

tive for corporate strategies — 
’and he is the one who gets to 
see the important clients. All 
that is left for bis female 
colleague to do is placate 
disgruntled customers and 
send out press releases. 

1 think that this is more 
invidious than the traditional 
way of putting women in their 
plaw. which is to refer to them 
in terras of their appearance or 
their relationship to others. 
The other day, an article about 
Gro Brundttand, the new 
prime minister of Norway, 
described her as “chubby and 
biue-eyed*'. Well, so is Edward 
Heath but when he was prime 
minister far less kindly adjec- 
tives were applied to his 

Hostilities have broken out 
in all the wrong places. It is a 
waste of women’s creative 
energy for them to bristlingly 
exclude men from things they 
wouldn't be seen dead at 
anyway. Much better to work 
out ways of sharing the best of 
everything with them. We 
have* nothing to lose but our 

/ keep on coming across 
evidence that in grim times, 
people retreat into worries they 
didn’t btow the}’ had. 

I have just read an article 
about the queries answered by 
Eppie Lederer who, under the 
name Ann Landers, is Agony 
Auntie to an estimated 85 
million readers throughout 
America. Fifteen thousand of 
them wrote to ask her how to 
hang lavatory-paper. I can't 
quite see what their problem is. 
You just buy a lavatory-paper 
holder, fix it to the wall and 
you 're in business. Unless, like 
a very chic friend of mine, you 
keep the roll of Andrex in a 
beautiful moiher-of-pcarl dish. 

All in the family way 

^ Our seven-year-old 
-. m . daughter had no inten- 
. * lion of missing out on 
the birth of our third 
J. child. “We'D all be 
. • there, won't we?” she said, 
. months before, the event. 
There was no doubt in her 
mind that it was what she 
wanted, and. her brother, aged 
four, was equally insistent 

It was at that point, five 
' months into the pregnancy, 
that Dawn and I suddenly 

- thought: “Well, why not? Why 

- shouldn’t they he were to see 
our baby being boro?” Birth, 
after all, is a natural occur- 
rence in family life, and there 

- has- to be something wrong 
with the idea that, like death, 
it is something from which 

- children must be sheltered. - 
“ That at least is how it 

seemed to us. And so. three 
months ago, we were all there 
when Jack was born- Looking 
back at it now, we are even 
1 more con vmoed that we were 
right- Some people, however, 

: are less sure. 

Most of the questions we 
were asked after the birth 
reflected the view that ebu- 
. dim are likely to be harmed 
by such an experience; few 
people said anything to sug- 
gest that their lives might 
actually be enriched. 

Tt was so exciting. 

It was brilliant’ 

“You must have worried 
yourselves sick about how 
they would react to all the 
Mood and to the sight of their 
mother in great pain — partio- 
ulariy the four-year-old” , was 
a - typical comment Other 
people said, in various ways: 
"\yenen' afraid it -would 
cause psychological damage to 
’ children of that age?" 

‘ The truth is that we did not 
.agonize over such things. The 
only teal worry we had was 
wheihersomfithingmight hap- 
pen - to prevent them from 
i. being present. Had we had any 
fears, they would have been 
laid to rest by two comments 
they made shortly afterwards, 
having watched another birth 
on television. 

Emilia, the seven-year-old, 

sakfc “I wish Jack was being 
bom tomorrow so we could go 
through it all again. It was so 
exciting. It was brilliant.” in 
its way, die reaction of Pat- 
rick, three years her junior; 
waseven more eloquent. With 
The tears trickling down his 
. /cheeks, he said: “1 cried when 
V Jack, was born, too. I was so 



John Carey 

Joyca MacOonaJd 

advocating “family births” for 
everyone: our circumstances, 
we know, were very different 
to those of many other fam- 
ilies. For a start, childbirth in 
itself held no horro rs for us: 
both previous occasions had 
been trappy experiences, de- 
spite. some complications dur- 
ing the first labour. 

Even more important was 
the fact that the original idea 
came not from us but from the 
children. After that initial, 
“We'D all be there, won't 
we?', they continued to press 
the point at regular intervals; 
since it was obviously more 
than a passing childish whim, 
we set about doing our best to 
prepare them for it property. 

We included them in as 
much of the antenatal care as 
possible — clinic visits, scans, 
blood tests -and we also 
tried to explain, in terms they 
could understand, precisely 
what having a baby was all 

From the start we made 
sure that we spoke of all the 
hard work and pain involved 
and explained that these 
would increase .as time went 
on; at the same time, we told 
them that this was important 
and exciting, as it meant that 
the birth was getting nearer. -. 
They also knew that if any 
problems should arise, or they 
felt they did not want to stay, 
we had contingency plans to 
lake them to friends. 

As it turned out, the only 
fleeting doubts 1. had about the 
venture came during a brief 
spell at home shortly after fee 
midwife had arnved and be- 
fore we went to hospital- ... 

Periodically Patrick's impa- 

progress erupted in bouts of 
noisy hyperactivity; the hospi- 
tal had warned us that we 
would be held responsible for 
the children’s behaviour in the 
delivery room and I began to 
fear that ail my energy and 
attention would be diverted 
into looking after him or, 
worse, that I would be forced 
to remove him. My hope — 
and Dawn’s certainty — was 
that the awe-inspiring nature 
of the hospital environment 
would curb his boisterousness. 

Once there, both children 
were riveted. Nor were they 
merely passive spectators. 
While Patrick helped Dawn 
physically through her con- 
tractions, rubbing her back 
and holding her hand, Emilia 
provided mental distraction 
. by chatting and asking for help 
with drawings. 

When it came to the birth, 
Patrick sat on my knee by 
Dawn’s head and Emilia re- 
mained at the foot of the bed. 
She firmly rejected the sugges- 
tion that she should join ns, 
determined not to miss any 
part of the action. She duly got 
her reward when she was the 
first to see Jack emerge. She 
was thrilled. Seconds later, as 
the midwife lifted him up for 
Dawn to hold, Patrick sponta- 
neously leaned over and 
kissed the top of his head. 

‘Jack is not just your 
baby, he’s ours too* 

f r’ 

would dot dream of tience at the apparent lack of • 

I would not trade those 
highly emotional moments for 
the world. Although brief I 
am convinced that they have 
had a profound and lasting 
effect, both on the children's 
view of childbirth and on our 
life as a family. Now, if Dawn 
or I speak of “my baby”, the 
children are quick to correct 
us. “Jack is not just your 
baby”, they say. “He » ours as 
well” And that must be part 
of what families are all about 

They see him as theirs, too, 
because they were pan of the 
process of pregnancy, labour 
and birth. They were there 
from the start and they 
watched it happen right 
through to the end. Nor, 
surely, is it a coincidence that 
they are so loving towards 
their baby brother or that he is 
so utterly relaxed with them. 
There seems to be a special 
bond between them. 

As Jack gave his first yells in 
hospital that day. Patrick said: 
“He’s saying he wants to go 
home” Well, perhaps. 

Yet the marvellous 
thing was that, in a 
curious way, it seemed 
we were already there. 

s to go 


Leave the 
girls alone 


From Emma Cochrane, 

St Anns. Chape I Lane, 
Beamed, Kent 

I support Margaret Spry’s 
view in ‘The right course for 
top girls' (May 19th) that 
girls, particularly between the 
apes of 11 to 16, benefit from 
single sex education. 

I am a 1 6-year-old at a 
single sex state grammar 
school where some classes are 
mixed at sixth fora and am 
glad I did not have to compete 
with boys for attention in the 
last few years. At this age 
they are noisy, less mature, 
very aware of their “image” 
and, to be honest, a distrac- 
tion. Teachers are likely to 
pay more attention to them 
since physically their pres- 
ence is more noticeable. If 
boys are in the school girls 
seem less likely to be guided 
towards science based careers 
since the boys are automati- 
cally assumed to be interested 
in them. Even with the “care- 
ful organization” that Rich- 
ard Barker suggests, the 
teachers cannot change their 
views about what is best for 
their pupils. 

I do not feel I hare suffered 
from being at a single sex 
scbooL I have not found it 
difficult to mix with and cope 
with the male sex outside 
school socially and in work- 
ing conditions. I am glad I 
fare the choice of which kind 
of school to go to aid hope the 
choice will remain for others. 

From Christopher and 
Gail Uwther. Rectory Walk, 
Sampling. West Sussex 

We were interested to read 
Sally Brampton's report on 
Angela Neustatrer’s new 
book on abortion (May 14). 
But what a shame that the 
common phrase “u wanted 
child” crept in; could we put 
in a plea on behalf of the 
childless couples? We have 
been turned down for adop- 
tion because, these days, 
“unwanted” babies are abort- 
ed rather than pot up for 
adoption, and we are by no 
means alone; roughly 100,000 
couples in this country will 
never have the chance to raise 
a family unless women who 
are considering abortion are 
generous enough to go 
through with the pregnancy 
instead and allow their babies 
to be adopted. The child may 
well be -unwanted by one or 
both parents — but thousands 
of childless couples want it 

very muck n 

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Why Israel’s siege will never end 

As Mrs Thatcher continues her 
talks on the Middle East, 
Conor Cruise O’Brien argues that 
no government in Jerusalem 
can ever make the concessions 
that would satisfy the Arabs 

A fter the 1984 Israeli 
election produced a 
hung parliament, a US 
government spokesman 
said the result was 
regrettable because it did not 
augur well for the kind or "bold 
steps" necessary to advance “the 
peace process". As far as it goes, 
the comment is correct. 

The right-wing Likud even- 
tually joined with its Labour 
challengers in forming a Govern- 
ment of National Unity with 
Labour's Shimon Peres as prime 
. minister and Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Likud leader, as deputy prime 
'minister and foreign minister. 

- This government is inherently 
incapable of taking the kind of 
"bold steps" the spokesman had 
in mind, and it would disintegrate 
if its head seriously tried to take 
■ such steps. 

But what is questionable is the 
implicit assumption that there are 
any results at all likely in any 
general election in Israel, ever, 
that would lead to the taking of the 
desired “bold steps": that is. to 
Israel's withdrawal from all or 
almost all of the West Bank, and 
the creation of some kind of 
Palestinian political entity, in 
anticipation that such concessions 
would bring lasting peace. 

Consider the most favourable of 
all electoral results (favourable in 
terms of the “territory for peace" 
ideal. The most favourable result 
would be one that would lead to a 
coalition government formed by 
the Labour Alignment with the 
two dovish parties to the left of 
it - Shinui and the Citizens' 
Rights Movement — as its part- 

What kind of “bold steps" could 
a government of that kind take? It 
could offer to Jordan some of the 
West Bank in exchange for a peace 
treaty. But Jordan would not get 
back East Jerusalem: Jerusalem 
would remain united, and the 
capital of Israel. 

Israel would also retain its 
defensive line, and line of Jewish 
settlements, all along the western 
bank of the River Jordan, with all 
the concomitant rights of military 
access across the general territory 
of the West Bank. 

King Husain of Jordan (or any 
successor of Husain's) would be 
running very serious risks if he 
concluded any peace treaty with 
Israel, even one that gave him 
back all of Jordan's lost territory. 
But if he were to sign a treaty that 
left Israel in possession of all 
Jerusalem, and of the line along 
the western bank of the river, he 
would probably be committing 
suicide for himself and his dy- 
nasty. Which he is unlikely to do. 

It seems to be assumed, how- 
ever. that a Labour coalition could 
be persuaded, or pressed, by the 
United States, to “raise the ante" 
on its Jordanian option to such an 
extent as to make it attractive to 
the Jordanians as well as to most 
of the Arab population of the West 

This, again, seems to me 
exceedingly unlikely. A Labour 
coalition would immediately be in 
dire trouble if its Jordanian op- 
tion. even in its traditional form, 
were to enter the domain of 
practical politics, and the actual 
handing over of parts of the Wes: 
Bank to Arab control had to be 
debated in the Knesset and in the 

It is true that future govern- 
ments of Israel - of whatever 
complexion, but especially La- 
bour - arc likely to come under 
pressure, whether real or osten- 
sible. from the United Stases to 
take those "bold steps" necessary 
for the pursuit of the peace 
process. But even a Labour gov- 
ernment is likely to prefer resis- 
tance to such American 
pressure —resistance with the 
backing of a great majority in 
Israel - to the grisly internal con- 
sequences likely to follow -on the 
taking of those “bold steps". 

But just suppose that some 
variant of the Reagan peace plan 
did come to pass. Let us take one 
of the rosiest possible hypotheses 
where the peace process is con- 
cerned. Lei us suppose that the 
rather flickering rapprochement of 

the knife 

The government has. 1 under- 
stand. picked the armed forces 
minister, John Stanley, to defend 
the Prime Minister a&sinst a new 
onslaught by Tam Dalycll on 
Fridas week. Dalycll has won a 
Commons ballot that allows him 
to raise whatever topics he likes. 
He plans to ask embarrassing 
questions about her role in the 
leaking of the Solicitor-General s 
Westland letter and about her 
granting permission for the F I 1 I 
attack on Tripoli. He wil. aiio 
raise the Select Committee report 
on the Belgrano affair, sttil 
undebated a year after its publica- 
tion. The government is so con- 
cerned that it plans a three-line 
whip, unheard-of for a Friday 

morning. Sunley. a genera ly un- 

Inved figure, was Mra Thatcher's 
PPS during 19.6-.-9. 
Poming’s book records Stanley s 
judgment that the country is not 
worthy of such a leader. »anlcy s 
run-ins with Dalycll famous 
indeed, he once accused Dalyell of 

1983 between Husain and Yassir 
Arafat, the Palestine Liberation 
Organization leader — the one 
which cost Arafat his last base in 
Lebanon — consolidates itself, as 
appeared to be happening in the 
spring and summer of 1985. 

Let us suppose, then, that this 
rapprochement, as followed up by 
President Mubarak of Egypt, leads 
to the most favourable possible 
results: Arafat publicly and explic- 
itly announces his willingness to 
recognize Israel within its pre- 
June 1967 limits (subject to a few 
small variations) and Israel then 
accepts Arafat's PLO as a partner 
wiih Jordan in direct negotiations. 

Husain and Arafat are ready to 
co-operate on the basis of the 
Reagan plan, which thus has the 
backing of the present leader of 
“the sole legitimate representative 
of the Palestine people". Israel is 
ready to withdraw to its pre-June 
19b7 frontiers (with minor vari- 
ations) in exchange for recog- 
nition. within these frontiers, by 
the PLO and Jordan. On this 
basis. Israel hands over almost the 
whole of the West Bank to some 
kind of Hashemite-Arafat federa- 
tion or confederation. 

By this time Israel has given up 
a lot of territory in exchange for 
peace. But how much peace would 
Israel actually have got in ex- 
change for that territory? 

Peace, presumably, with Arafat 
and Husain. But bow much peace 
would .Arafat and Husain have in 
their gift? Can anyone suppose 
that all, or almost all, of the PLO 
would go along with that deal, or 
any deal? The deal would be likely 
to be denounced with the usual 
vehemence, both by the left-wing 
Dictions of the PLO and by the 
Syrian-controlled factions, and all 
those factions might well gain new 
adherents through further defec- 
tions from Arafat’s Fatah. 

Syria, orchestrating the PLO 
factions, would be likely to make 
life very hot — “an unbearable 
hell", as in Lebanon — on the 
West Bank, and perhaps also in 
Jordan, for Arafat, Husain and 
their friends. 

The chief Arab parties might 
well not survive, and the treaty 
might perish with them. Nor 
would the actual ensuing con- 
ditions be at all preferable, from 
the point of view of the lives of 
West Bank Arabs, to conditions 
under Israeli rule. 

It is true that the moderate Arab 
states - Egypt, the Saudis — 
would be likely to approve the 
"territory for peace" arrangements 
described, but on one condition: 
that the territories transferred by 
Israel to .Arab rule must include 




Shimon Peres would 
fall if he tried to 
take the "bold steps’ 
that the US wants 

East Jerusalem. Failing that, the 
deal would be denounced by 
virtually the whole Arab and 
Muslim world. And it is ascertain 
as anything cun be that the state of 
Israel will not give up any part of 
its capital. Jerusalem, in exchange 
for anything at all. even peace. 

The option of a Palestinian state 
on the West Bank has also to be 
considered. It is true that, since 
this opiion is firmly rejected by 
both main panics in Israel and by 
the great majority of the popula- 
tion oflsracl. the Palestinian state 
is even less likely to come to 
fruition ihan the Jordanian op- 
tion. Still, the idea of the Palestin- 
ian state h 2 s to be considered, 
since it has the backing or appar- 

cftaractcrassassi nation for claim- 
ing a memo Stanley penned was 
■'deliberately misleading”. 
Dalyell’s view of why Stanley has 
been chosen? “They have found 
someone who is not going to ask 
too many questions before launch- 
ing imo a defence." 

Sex change 

As Mrs Thatcher tours Israel, 
accompanied discreetly by an 
armoured ambulance and a pha- 
lanx of bodyguards, she can rest 
assured that the host country 
stands at the forefront of security 
technology. A Tel Aviv firm has 
developed a telephone which can 
deier unwanted callers by making 
a woman’s voice sound like a 
man's; a plug-in gadget simulates a 
dog's bark to scare off would-be 
burglars. Beat that. No 10. 


It Labour's bosses were planning 
to suppress embarrassing publicity 
lor the party s annual women's 
conference by exiling it to Rothe- 
say. the ploy worked a treat. You 
arc unlikely to have react for 
example, oi the conference's mock 

ent backing of the Arab states, 
even the most moderate ones. 

The Palestinian state is ex- 
pected. by its advocates and by its 
opponents, to be under some form 
of control by the PLO. Almost all 
Israelis regard such a state as an 
immediate threat to the security of 
their own state, and a longer-term 
threat to its existence. 

They believe that the PLO 
would accept the “mini-state" on 
the West Bank as an instalment of 
its real objective, which remains 
all of Palestine. They also believe 
that the PLO would use that 
instalment as a base for the 
destabilization both of Israel and 
of Jordan, with Jordan first on the 

On that last point. King Husain 
is known to be in agreement On 
the other hand, a number of 
distinguished and influential out- 
side observers believe that Israeli 
fears on this point are illusory, and 
that a Palestinian state could 
peacefully and happily co-exist 
with an Israel withdrawn to its 
preJune 1967 frontiers. 

It is fairly obvious that in the 
highly unlikely event of a deal 
between Israel and the PLO over 
the West Bank, the PLO would be 
hopelessly split It is indeed split 
already. The left-wing factions and 
the Syrian-controlled factions 
would launch murderous attacks 
on “the traitors” (as in the 
Husain/Arafat scenario). The 
Palestinian state, long before it 
could destabilize others, would be 
likely to collapse almost immedi- 
ately. But it is altogether unlikely 
ever to get founded. 

It seems to follow that exchang- 
ing territory for peace, attractive 
as that concept is, is not a feasible 
option for the West Bank. So it 
looks as if Israel will remain in 
control of the West Bank for a long 
time. Many Israelis — and oth- 
ers — view that prospect with 
deep misgivings, and they are 
quite right. The really pressing 
questions now concern not the 
future of the territories but the 
future of their Arab inhabitants. 

In the first 10 years from June 
1967. a kind of working arrange- 
ment grew up on the West Bank, 
whereby the Arab inhabitants 
were left as for as possible to their 
own devices, and allowed to 
continue to feel part of the Arab 
world, through the Open Bridges 
policy and the “adversarial 
partnership" with Jordan. 

This arrangement, inspired 
mainly by Moshe Dayan, allowed 
the Arab population to develop 
peacefully and attain a consid- 
erable degree of prosperity. 

In the following years, and 
especially from 1980 on, the Likud 
pressure for increasing Jewish 
settlements (often close to densely 
populated Arab areas), combined 
with the manipulations of Begjn- 
style autonomy, made for greatly 
increased Arab unrest, and some 
violence. The old working arr- 
angement. with and through Jor- 
dan, was strained by these 
developments but did not col- 

There was. however, an evident 
and apparently growing tendency 
on the far right of the Israeli 
political spectrum to engage in 
deliberate provocation of the Ar- 
abs. in the apparent hope of 
inflaming violence that would 

. tnne Sofer’s column will appear 
on Wednesday. 

election for the women's section of 
the national executive, in which 
only one member, Joan Maynard, 
gained a vote of confidence. The 
others were “replaced" by Diane 
Abbott. Clare Short, ILEA leader 
Frances Morrell and feminist 
Mandy Moore. Nor did the head- 
lines hail another conference de- 
mand: the resignation of Labour’s 
environment spokesman. John 

• Neil Kinnock, beginning his 
nine-day tonr of India yesterday, 
showed flexibility on one issue, at 
least Introduced at Delhi airport 
to our correspondent, Michael 
Hamlyn, he declared: "I think it's 
all right to talk to The Tima in 
India, isn't it?" 


Sir Peter Emery, a senior 
backbench Tory - , is deeply em- 
broiled in an embarrassing battle 
with his local Conservative coun- 
cil over the replacement, without 
listed building permission, of the 
bedroom windows in his 17th 
ccmury Devonshire manor house 
with PVC surrounds. The council 
argues that as the owner of a 

have to be met by increased Israeli 
repression, in a cycle which could 
lead eventually to the forcing out 
of the Arab population. The living 
symbol of this tendency is the 
right-wing fanatic Rabbi Meir 
Kahane, whose election to the 
Knesset in July 1984 horrified 
many Israelis (including some 
rabbis) and alarmed the Arabs, 
both of the West Bank and of 
Israel itself. 

President Herzog’s personal 
ostracism of Kahane, and his 
appeals for toleration and against 
racism, have the support of most 
of the press, and of that part of the 
political spectrum which runs 
from the left through the centre to 
what have been called the Mod- 
erate Hawks, well represented, in 
this matter, by the leader of Likud, 

For King Husain, a 
deal leaving Israel 
west of the Jordan 
would be suidde 

Yitzhak Shamir. That is a major- 
ity of Israeli society. 

But the minority that remains — 
to the right of the right of centre — 
is both significant in numbers and 
formidable in its determination 
and dynamism. If that minority 
cannot be adequately controlled 
by the state, there is a serious 
danger that it may make progress 
in the direction it desires. 

The idea of Israel withdrawing 
to its pre-June 1967 territory, and 
living there behind secure and 
recognized frontiers, in peace with 
all its neighbours, is an agreeable 
international pipe dream. The 
reality is that Israel will stay in the 
West Bank, where its presence wil] 
continue to be challenged from 
within and from wiihoulThere 
are those who will agree with 
much of my analysis as to what is 
likely to happen, but who will 
want me to add some kind of 
condemnation of Israel for its 
perversity and folly in failing to 
take the necessary “bold steps” in 
pursuit of the peace process. I 
cannot do that because I don’t see 
how 1 can condemn people for 
failing to do things which 1 think 
they actually cannot do. 

The reasons for Israel's incapac- 
ity to abandon all the territory 
acquired in the 1967 war are 
bound up with the two great 
raisons d'etre of Zionism: the 
Jewish State and the Return. 

Basic to the idea of the Jewish 
State was the need for Jews to 
assure the security of Jews. Gen- 
tiles having proved, at so many 
times and in so many places, that 
they could not be trusted in that 
matter. So “secure frontiers" are a 
basic requirement of the Jewish 

The pre-June 1967 frontier, 
coming to within a few miles of 


Chinese takeaway was penalized 
for replacing his windows they 
cannot let him off the hook. Sir 
Peter, who is taking his case to the 
Department of the Environment, 
said: “The council's complaint is a 
nonsense. I've gone to great 
expense to make sure you cannot 
tell the difference between the 
windows." I fancy he would have 
had more to say had the council 
been of a different political hue. 

Cases solved 

Friday was not a good day for 
Scarborough police. For a week 
they had imposed blanket security 
on the Police Federation con- 
ference: bags were searched, coats 
scanned, passes scrutinized. Then, 
after most delegates had left, 
disaster. Emerging from a meeting 

the coast and Tel Aviv, was felt by 
almost all Israelis to be highly 
insecure. On the other hand, the 
line of the Jordan, with the 
escarpment to the west of it, was 
judged ideal for defensive pur- 
poses by the planners of the Israel 
Defence Force. 

Outsiders advised that Israel 
did not need such strong defences 
against a weak Arab threat, and 
that in any case Israel would do 
better to trust to Arab goodwill, to 
be acquired by the surrender of all 
the occupied territories. Israelis 
generally preferred the advice of 
their own soldiers, on such a 
matter, to that of outsiders. 

This followed from the whole 
ideology of the Jewish State, of 
Zionism and of the history of 
Israel. Israelis knew that Arab 
goodwill was not procurable, by 
any limited territorial con- 
cessions, for the Jewish State. 

Arab spokesmen, in their more 
conciliatory utterances - espec- 
ially to Western audiences - re- 
jected the idea of driving the Jews 
into the sea and allowed them 
(ostensibly at least) some kind of 
role in the future “secular and 
democratic Palestine" of the 
Palestinian National Covenant. 

But the Jewish State, that 
"racist" entity, was anathema, 
whatever its boundaries. So those 
responsible for the security of the 
Jewish Stale were governed by 
considerations of military security 
alone, and not by the vain pursuit 
of unattainable goodwilL 

As for the Return, the idea of a 
Jewish State elsewhere than in 
Palestine was considered many 
times in the earlier history of 
Zionism. It was attractive to some 
westernized, secular Jews. But it 
was decisively rejected, in 1904, 
by Zionists of the Russian Empire, 
who were deeply influenced by the 
Jewish religious tradition. 

F or them — and for Zion- 
ists generally hence- 
forward — the only goal 
was. Palestine. The Bible 
was the Mandate, as the 
“secular” Ben-Gurion told the 
Peel Commission in January 
1937, and Jerusalem was the 

If that was so. in a complex and 
deep-down way, for the secular 
and partly westernized Russians, 
it was so in a quite simple and 
down-to-earth way for most of the 
noQ-secularized and non-western 
immigrants from the Muslim 
lands. For them, this land was 
their inheritance, by right of 
Revelation, and Jerusalem was its 
predestined capital 
So the fell needs of the Jewish 
State, and the animating concept 
of the Return, oppose what seem 
to be impenetrable barriers to the 
voluntary acceptance by Israel of 
the kind of settlement which 
international opinion, almost 
universally, calls for on the West 
Bank, That those things are so. as 
a matter of fact, would be hard to 
deny. But some, who accept that 
these things are so. or more or less 
so. still passionately urge that they 
ought not to be so. 

The Jewish State and the Return 
may dominate the situation on the 
West Bank — and in Gaza and in 
Israel itself — for today and, per- 
haps. tomorrow. But they have no 
right (it is argued) to dominate it. 
Both are illegitimate concepts. 
The Jewish Stale is a racist 

with his national executive, the 
federation's general secretary, Pe- 
ter Tanner, found that both his 
suitcases had disapeared from the 
Royal Hotel. Superintendent 
Mike Paxton ordered a full in- 
vestigation. He can relax: a bobby 
has owned up to taking them 
home to Essex by mistake. 

In the dark 

So much for the white beat of 
direct mail computer technology. 
Among those to receive Neil 
Kinnock’s begging letter - the 
one starting "I do not know if you 
support Labour ..." - is Sir 
John Biggs-Davidson, a Tory MP 
for 30 years. But Labour is not 
alone in its ignorance. Sir John 
tells me that before the last 
general election he received a 
letter from Cecil Parkinson 
wondering if he might be in- 
terested in the Conservatives. 


The architectural world is in a tizz 
over the elevation of Nicholas 
Ridley to Environment Secretary. 
The Royal Town Planning In- 
stitute, for instance, tells the 
coming issue of Architects Jour- 

concept The Return is a mystical 
concept thai is to say, super- 
stitious and false. These concepts, 
being illegitimate, have no right to 
prevail over a legitimate, rational 
and humane principle, that of the 
Consent of the Governed. 

I should like here to take a brief 
look at that argument in terms of 
the three principles it embraces 
and opposes. 

“The Jewish State is a racist 
concept" Yes, in a way. It is racist 
to the extent that ail nationalism is 
racist and that is a large extent 
Most nation-states preserve their 
national character by stringent 
immigration controls, according 
to criteria the most important of 
which (being of a national isi/racist 
character) generally remain im- 

The Jewish State is like other 
states in its determination to 
preserve its own national charac- 
ter, as determined by itself, 
through exclusive processes. 
Where the Jewish State is unusual, 
and in part unique, is through the 
following elements: 

• The Jewish State did not come 
into being as the European states 
did, through a long and gradual 
process, on the same territory, 
involving slow exclusions, inclu- 
sions and accretions. The Jewish 
State was created through an 
unprecedented convergence of 
scattered people on a former 
national territory, and crystallized 
at an amazing speed: , from a 
political dream to a state in less 
than 70 years. ' 

• The criterion of nationality, 
since the creation of the Jewish 
State, has become a specifically 
religious one. Now, insofar as 
racial characteristics are im- 
portant to racism — and 1 think 
they are important — this cri- 
terion actually operates against 
racism. There were those in 
Israel's pre-1948 predominantly 
Ashkenazim population who 
would have liked to keep out the 
Oriental Jews, primarily on racial 
grounds. But as the criterion of 
admission was in feet a religious 
one, the Oriental Jews qualified. 

• All- nationalisms exclude, but 
the persons whom it was most 
important for the Jewish State to 
exclude, for the sake of its own 
survival, were its feted enemies, 
the bulk of the previous settled 
population in the Land of Israel. 
The present stale of Israel for 
example, could not admit to 
citizenship the Arabs of the West 
Bank without preparing the 
destruction of — at least — the 
Jewish State. Which Israel, being 
in all essentials the Jewish State, is 
not likely to do. 

I don't think you can reasonably 
say that the idea of the Jewish 
Slate is inherently racist and 
therefore illegitimate unless you 

Yassir Arafat’s PLO 
would be hopelessly 
split if he did 
a West Bank deal 

also condemn all other national- 
isms — including Arab national- 
ism — for their exclusivities: quite 
a reasonable proposition, but one 
which would stigmatize all states, 
and most of the population of the 

The idea of the Return, the right 
of the Jews to return to Palestine, 
as transcending the will of the 
majority of the settled population 
of the area, is certainly basically a 
religious one (or a religious- 
national one), whatever secular 
forms it may from lime to time 
assume. But does this make the 
Return ipso facto illegitimate? 

The rhetoric of the Arab-Israeli 
debate has been almost entirely 
the rhetoric of the Western 
Enlightenment tradition. But this 
is a domain where rhetoric and 
reality are far apart. 

Political practice based on 
Enlightenment values — the rule 
of law, freedom of expression and 
political democracy — only ex- 
ceeds the boundaries of the West 
in a few exceptional cases, none oi 
them in the Middle East; with the 
ironic exception of Israel itself, in 
its internal political arrangements 
among Jews. 

nal that, after Ridley's record at 
Transport, “we’re very anxious". 
The AJ, however, is trying to look 
on the bright side, and produces 
three reasons to be cheerful. Fust, 
Ridley is a grandson of Sir Edwin 
Lutyens; secondly, he originally 
wanted to be an. architect before 
deciding to read engineering at 


irthere were today a Palestinian 
state, and if it were indeed a 
democratic state, it would be 
unique in the .Arab world (and 
unusual in the world as a whole, 
outside the West). For Islam, even 
more than any other of the great 
religions, denies the existence o! 
the dichotomy posited by the 
Western Enlightenment between 
religious and political life. 

Those who, representing - or at 
any rate speaking on behalf of- 
Muslim populations, appeal to 
Enlightenment ideas are engaging 
in double-talk and masking the 
realities of what is fundamentally, 
on both sides, a religious-national- 
ist culture conflict. A conflict, 
moreover, which is unlikely to be 
resolved by appeal to an umpire 
from the world of the Enlighten- 

I believe that Israel is not free 
to be other than the Jewish 
State in Palestine, and that 
the Jewish State, once in 
possession of Jerusalem, is 
not capable of relinquishing that 
city. The Muslim world is also not 
free to be other than what it is, and 
is certainly incapable of acquiesc- 
ing openly, frilly and voluntarily in 
' a Jewish State in Palestine, with 
Arab subjects, and its capital in 

it seems to follow that the siege 
of Israel will continue, in some 
form, into an indefinite future. 
But that is not necessarily or 
immediately as tragic a statement 
as it may sound. 

In certain conditions, the siege 
could become, for a period at least, 
a largely latent and almost meta- 
phorical affair. Israel could find 
itself at peace, in one way or 
another, with all its neighbours. 
The peace with Egypt held during 
the 1982 war in Lebanon. There 
has been a de facto peace, with no 
fedaveen, between Jordan and 
Israel since 1973; and that also 
held in 1982. 

Israel's greatest problem among 
its Arab neighbours is Syria, with 
its Soviet backing and its presence, 
and proliferating influence, in 
Lebanon. Yet a tacit accommoda 1 
lion, even with Syria, is possible, 
as was provided in 1976 over 
Lebanon. That that arrangement 
broke down later was due largely 
to a stipulation introduced by 
Israel into the tacit agreement of 
1 976 between Syria and Israel. 

This was the stipulation that 
Syrian authority should not ex- 
tend to Lebanon's far south and 
the border with Israel. This pro- 
vided the occasion for Israel's 
intervention in appears 
that there was one school of 
thought in Israel in 1976 which 
opposed the stipulated restriction 
over the extent of Syria's authority 
in Lebanon. That school seems to 
have been vindicated by events. 

It seems, therefore, within the 
bounds of possibility that a new 
and less restrictive tacit arrange- 
ment over Lebanon could be 
reached with Syria, with a certain 
“territory for peace" content. One 
version of such an arrangement 
could include the following: 

On Israel's side: 

(a) Israel to withdraw its troops 
from all of Lebanon. 

(b) Israel to agree secretly to 
Syria's hegemony over all Leba- 
non. to be assured by means of 
Syria's own Machiavellian devis- 

On Syria ’s side, and in exchange 
for (a) and (hi: 

(c) Syria to undertake to see that 
there will be no PLO in Lebanon, 
other than forces of that name 
under complete Syrian control, 
and that those forces will not be 
allowed to take part in any 
fedaycen activity. 

(d) Syria to guarantee the safety of 
the Maronite population in its 
own areas, as well as the safety of 
those elements on Israel’s border 
who have cooperated with IsraeL 
And finally: 

(e) If these arrangements hold, and 
peace prevails over a stipulated 
period, Syria to get back the Golan 

if some such arrangements as 
those outlined above could even- I 
tually be worked out with Syria, 
building on the 1976 precedent, 
Israel would then at last have 
peace with all its neighbouring 
states: peace by treaty with Egypt; 
peace by tacit understanding with 
Jordan and with Syria, and, 
through Syria, with Lebanon. That 
seems the nearest thing to a 
comprehensive Middle Eastern 
settlement that is actually avail- 
able in the real world. 

© Conor CnrfM O'Brien, 1966. 

Extracted from Conor Cruise 
O'Brien's The Siege: The Saga of 
Israel and Zionism, to be pub- 
lished on Thursday (U'eidenfeld & 
.Xico/son, £70). 

Oxford: and third, he lives in * 
Lewis Carroll's 1 7ih century Cots- 
wold rectory and is now restoring 
the croquet lawn used in the Alice 


T don't know bow mock Nigd raised 
bat his osteopath’s done pretty well’ 

The American advertising in- 
dustry is clearly under siege. The 
US agency Romann & Tannen- 
holz has taken a foil page in the 
Street Journal to proclaim: 
“.An advertising agency that does 
not have an identity of its own 
can't give one to its clients". Then, 
beneath its name and a blank 
space, the legend “a non-Saatchi & 4 
Saatchi agency". A: 


The House or Lords has its second ’ 
all-night sitting under the present 
government tomorrow week when 
it detates, appropriately, the Gas 
Bill. The noble lords spiritual can 
at least take com fort that while the 
Guest Room will close at 1 ^ ft. 
and the last special supper will ho 
served in the Grill Room arfhou? 
later, the Bishops’ Bar will stav 
open throughout the night. 




'* 4 . 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


^ i® 3 long time in 
politics, m South Africa it can 
encompass an eternity. Last 
week saw the disastrous raids 
by South African troops on 
«i African National Congress 
bases in three neighbouring 
countries, the subsequent 
near-collapse of the Common- 
wealth Peace Intiative, and a 
renewed call for sanctions 
which once again threatens to 
split the Commonwealth. 

As if that were not enough, 
there was also a murderous 

- mini-civil war in a black 
squatter camp, and an ugly 

- display of political thuggery by 

extreme right-wing 

Afhkanerdom, the re-im- 
position .of 180-day detention 
for political dissidents — and 

s an announcement by Cabinet 
Minister Mr Chris Heunis 
which is certainly the most 
important statement on South 
Africa's constitutional future 
. since the Act of Union in 1910. 
The good, the bad, and the 
ugly, were all on display. 

There have been many at- 
tempts to explain the raids 
into Zimbabwe, Zambia, and 
Botswana, which at first glance 
; appeared exquisitely timed to 
scupper the Commonwealth 
Eminent Persons Group. The 
most persuasive is that Presi- 
dent Botha needed to pacify 
«> Afrikanerdom’s rebellious 
right But the truth now ap- 
pears to be that they had been 
planned some months ago by a 
South African defence force 
anxious to teach the exiled 
ANC that its writ does not run 
unchallenged When plans 
were complete, the raids went 
ahead without a thought or 
presumably a care, for iheir 
effect on the Commonwealth ' 
initiative, the tide of inter- 
national moral outrage, or the 
diplomatic fall-out to follow. 

All of which should tell an 
' uncomprehending world a lit- 

tle about foe realities of politi- 
cal life in South Africa. 
Although international pres- 
sure is perceived internation- 
ally as the best way to bring 
Pretoria to heel. South Africa's 
own leaders have a different 
set of perceived interests and 
priorities. Outside interven- 
tion does not automatically 
feature very high on the list. 
The Government marches to 
its own drum. And h is a drum 
with an increasingly dis- 
cordant sound — for a nation 
increasingly at odds with itself. 

This could not have been 
more graphically dem- 
onstrated than by the success 
of the Afrikaner Weexstand 
Bewegmg in denying Foreign 
Minister, Mr Pik Botha, a 
platform to address a National 
Party meeting. Afrikanerdom 
is now as deeply divided as 
black South Africa. The splits 
began as soon as President 
Botha turned his bade on 
apartheid and essayed his first 
hesitant steps towards sharing 
power with people of a dif- 
ferent shade of pale. 

Today, this once classless 
society is divided by dass and 
demography — the populist 
and racist far right parties 
appealing to the blue-collar 
and rural vote, while the young 
white-collar, professional, 
business, and urban voters are 
frequently several steps ahead 
of the government in their 
desire for true reform. The 
latter group re mains the 
majority, despite the apparent 
strength in rural areas of Mr 
Eugene TerreBlanche’s neo- 
fascist hoodlums, but the fact 
that the right is growing in 
strength cannot be ignored by 
either Pretoria or the outside 

That strength owes much to 
the economic recession which, 
aggravated by blade boycott 
and international pressure, is 

beginning to impoverish not 
only black, but white South 
Africa. It also reflects the 
deepening concerns of many 
Afrikaners who, while they 
would never join Mr 
TerreBlanche’s legions, are 
worried that the Government 
is prepared to ditch the old 
order without any dear idea of 
the South African society to 
rise in its place. Pretoria's 
reluctance to construct a new 
vision of the future has pre- 
sented il with the worst of all 
possible worlds — a black 
population which refuses to 
believe in reform and a white 
electorate which is being asked 
to take an uncertain future on 

Those concerns will hardly 
have been dissipated by Mr 
Heunis's remarkable unveiling 
of the National Statutory 
Council designed to bring 
blacks into central govern- 
ment, and to devise a new 
Constitution in which power is 
shared between blade and 
white. Nevertheless, the fact 
that the Government was pre- 
pared to press ahead with its 
power-sharing plans, however 
vague, in the face of violent 
right-wing opposition should 
prove to the world that its 
commitment to reform is 
more than empty rhetoric. 

The ugly face of right-wing 
resistance, seen on television 
screens last week, should de- 
stroy the widely-held belief 
that it is a figment of President 
Botha's imagination. The 
right-wing Scylla is as much a 
feature of South African politi- 
cal life as the Charybdis of 
blade insurrection. President 
Botha has to steer his country 
between the two if it is not to 
be wrecked by violence. The 
world can help South Africa to 
calmer waters only if it learns 
to take account both of black 
hopes and white fears. 


The official inquiry report into 
the interrogation of eight 
servicemen in Cyprus on se- 
curity charges two years ago is* 
full of apparent ambiguities. It 
concludes that : none' of the 
servicemen was subject to 
torture or inhuman or degrad- 
ing treatment. At the same 
time, it finds that they were 
placed under undue pressure 
by isolation and repeated 
interviews. It states that the 
arraignment of the men was in 
full accordance with the law. 
For some of the time, how- 
ever. it says their custody was 
unlawful and after their arrest 
at least improper. For this, the 
servicemen — all of whom 
were acquitted by a jury — will 
receive financial compensa- 

Bui the greatest ambiguity 
in the inquiry report arises in 
its assessment of the conflict- 
ing claims of the individual 
and the stale in matters of 
national security. It criticizes 
the interrogators for giving 
“higher priority to the protec- 
tion of the national interest 
than to the interests of the- 
servicemen”. This they did. 
“not out of any ill-wiU towards 
the -servicemen, but simply 

because they perceived it to be 
their duty to do so.” . 

Burwhat .other priority, one ; 
may well ask, should guide the 
interrogators — .who were 
standing as guar dians of state 1> 
security at a time when that 
security was in jeopardy? Cer- 
tainly, they had a duty to 
safeguard the interests of the 
individual to the extent of 
ensuring that they came to no 
harm. But the report states 
outright that the perception of 
the interrogators as to their 
priorities was wrong. It is to be 
inferred therefore that the 
desired order of priorities is • 

No one would argue that the 
rights of the individual have to 
be subordinated to those of the 
state to the extent practised in 
a totalitarian state, or that 
physical intimidation should 
figure in the interrogators’ 
repertoire. That principle, if it 
was ever in doubt, has already 
been established in relation to 
the police interrogation of 
suspected terrorists in North- 
ern Ireland. 

But the use of physical 
violence is not part of the 
present equation. In the case of 

: the Cyprus servicemen, the 
one allegation of physical as- 
j sault was found by the inquiry 
. to be false. However, it is quite 
a different matter to suggest, as 
-the inquiry report appears: to 
do, that the interests of the 
individual should, in principle, 
supersede those of national 

The extent to which this is a 
live argument today is clear 
from foe continual debate 
over trade union membership 
at foe government commu- 
nications headquarters, 
GCHQ, at Cheltenham. The 
eventual verdict on GCHQ 
was that the interests of na- 
tional security took prece- 
dence over the right of the 
individual to the protection of 
a trade union. 

Now the same issue has 
been brought up in a different 
context and it needs to be 
resolved. At very least, guide- 
lines need to be established. 
The recommendation of the 
inquiry that the potential for 
conflict between foe interests 
of foe individual and those of 
national security requires fur- 
ther consideration should be 
acted on as a matter of urgency 


The brimming 100,000 pillar 
boxes of Britain will remain 
unemptied again today, as 
they have every bank holiday 
and Sunday for 10 years and 
more. The tea time collection 
of the weekend’s mail was 
once as much part of our rest 
day ritual as church bells and 
Yorkshire pudding. Not only 
did it impose a discipline upon 
the pattern of family Hfe, but 
the rattle of keys against a 
winter’s dusk and the clang of 
foe pillar box door had a 
poetry all of their own. 

They were abolished to save 
money. First, foe bank holiday 
service ended then, in 1976, 
the Post Office wrote the last 
stanza by cutting out the 
Sunday collections too. In 
1967 the nation had sent a 
record number of Hm items by 
post. By 1976 however, the 
system was losing £9m a year, 
.and some £8 Vim was being 
used up by foe Sunday service. 

But times have changed 

again. In 1984-5 the Post Office 
made a profit of £I33m and 
the figures for 1985-86 are 
expected to be at least as good. 

It is against this background 
of burgeoning business that it 
has been considering a range of 
improvements to its existing 
services, among which the 
reintroduction of the Sunday 
service is only the most evoc- 
ative. Last week it was re- 
ported from the Union of 
Communications Workers’ 
annual conference, that post- 
men might look favourably on 
such a proposal. 

Having briefly raised hopes 
it is now time to dash them. 

While the Post Office’s re- 
search has still to be com- 
pleted, the latest indications 
are that “lack of demand” is 
likely to win the final argu- 
ment When the holiday ser- 
vice closed it was being used 
by an uneconomic 2m first- 
dass letters - which confirms 

foe suspicion that foe Post 
Office's record-breaking ran 
owes more to unsolicited mail 
from the Autombile Associ- 
ation or American Express, 
than to the literary inclinations 
of the late 20th century. At 
best, says foe Post Office, a 
. new Sunday service would 
probably be limited — to local 
■ mail perhaps or inter-city. 

A number of ideas have 
been suggested to make 
reinstatement more attractive 
to the Post Office — among 
them, the introduction of a 
special Sunday surcharge. The 
Post Office patiently argues 
that this would cause diffi- 
culties - as indeed it would. 
But the difficulties are not 
insuperable and the Post Of- 
fice should be positive in its 
approach lo a service which 
the nation has never really 
learned to live without If not 
they deserve to get a lot of 
letters themselves. 

Hospital cats 

From Mr S’igel H. Harris 

Sir. During 38 years in the NHS ] 
have seen a steady improvement 
in the quality of service; it a 
therefore .with considerable sad- 
ness foat I must write in support ot 
the comments made by 
London University hospital phy- 
sicians (May 13). The surgical 
specialities are even more seri- 
ously affected; physicians do not 
have uniting lists and from now 
on, as an increasing mhouJI 
money is reallocated, foe waiting 

lists at these university hospitals 
will lengthen further. 

These centres of excellence 
which provide many of our future 
doctors, nurses and para-medical 
staff, have over many years devel- 
oped expertise in the management 
of problems which cannot be 
treated in district general hos- 

S tals. it is these patients who will 
rm part of the increasing waiting 
list. , . 

It has been obvious for some 
veurs that the reallocation formula 
Has failed in its purpose and is 
responsible for the predictable 
problem now feeing .London 

University hospitals. The policy 
should, of course, be suspended. 
All sensible people would agree 
that the facilities of foe poorer 
districts should be significantly 
increased, but not at the expense 
of high standards elsewhere. 

Unlike politicians, consultants 
have nothing lo gain by exaggerat- 
ing the problem; they are answer- 
able only to their patients and it is 
clearly their duty to speak out 
when they consider their patients 
are at risk. 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Harley Street WJ. 


A way ahead in the Falklands 

From Sir Christopher Hurst 
Sir, The Labour party’s declared 
intention to discuss the sov- 
ereignty of the 

Fafkiands/Maivinas with Argen- 
tina (report. May 20) induces no 
less despair than the Prime 
Minister's refusal to do so. 

If ihe Prime Minister were 
refusing because the issue of 
British or Argentine sovereignty 
over the islands is part of a very 
much more important issue, then 
;one could feel hope. But appar- 
ently her position, having taught 
the Argentines a lesson lor their 
aggression, is that British sov- 
ereignty must remain inviolate. 
Having invested so heavily in the 
new airstrip, thoughts of value for 
money must weigh with her, too. 

The shadows of the sovereignty 
battle between Britain and Argen- 
tina fell, in greatly enkuged form, 
on to the Antarctic continent. 
Sovereignty claims there are based 
on the “cake" principle. If 
Argentina’s sovereignty were to 
extend as far east as the Falklands, 
let alone South Georgia, her slice 
of the Antarctic cake, at present 
fairly thin, would grow into a 
substantial chunk (as it is shown 
on some Argentinian maps). 

Argentina has shown herself 
more nationalistic in her Antarctic 
claims than any other Antarctic 
Treaty nation — instances of this 
abound. With the treaty up for 
revision in a few years, and the 
tempting prospects of economic 
exploitation tending all the time to 
ease out the old concept of 
international economic coopera- 
tion. Antarctic claims are being 
burnished now ready for the great 

If Britain, as their' preset 
sovereign, were to start negotiat- 
ing (under the auspices of the UN 
Secretary General?) the perma- 
nent internationalisation of the 
Falklands/Malvinas as a base for 
Antarctica — for which the airstrip 
provides excellent facilities — 
satisfaction could be assured to all 
the parties. 

The islanders could live in real 
rather than false security; the 
British could guarantee the fiiture 
of their wards and deny absolute 
sovereignty to Argentina; the Ar- 
gentines would see Britain denied 
sovereignty and might have some 
economic privileges as pan of the 
deal, although their more gran- 
diose Antarctic c laims would be 
lost; and the Antarctic Treaty 
regime would have the addition of 
a new stabilising element. 

The international community 
would have reason to feel grateful 
for Britain’s statesmanship and 
generosity — qualities which are 
not evident in our present lop- 
sided and selfish policy. 

Yours faithfully, 


C. Hurst & Co. (Publishers) Ltd-, 

38 King Street, WC2. 

From Sir Rex Hum 
Sir. If Mr Foulkes's report be- 
comes official Labour Party pol- 
icy. as suggested by your Political 
Reporter (May 20 1 . we can say 
goodbye to the Falkland Islands 
under a Labour Government 
Nothing less than full sovereignty 
will satisfy - the Argentines. Any 
compromise solution, such as UN 
trusteeship, joint administration, 
shared sovereignty, dual national- 
ity or leaseback Will be acceptable 
to them only as a shon-ierm 
stepping-stone towards full sov- 
ereignty. They will recognise it for 
what it is: appeasemeni. 

The islanders know this; that is 
why they support the present 
Government's policy of refusing 
to discuss sovereignty. .After 1 982. 
who can blame them? 

Significantly, it was not their 
own treatment under the occupa- 
tion that shocked them so much as 
the medieval wa* in which the 
Argentine officers treated their 
other ranks. They glimpsed a 
totally alien culture and under- 
standably want no truck with iL I 
visited each of the 50 settlements 
before I retired last year. Ail bur 
one family said that they would 
leave if a future British Govern- 
ment agreed lo an Argentine 
presence on the islands. 

Labour may now try to insist 
that the Falklands war was not 
fought to maintain sovereignty- 
over the islands; but 1 believe that 
the vast majority of British people 
supported the Prime Minister in 
1982 when she told the House of 

Aggression must net be allowed to 
succeed The iibeny of ihe Falkland 
Islanders must be resuarol 

Having restored lhai liberty, 
and at such cost, surely we should 
now respect their wish to stay 
British in British sovereign terri- 

Yours fahhfuHv. 


Old Woodside. 

Broomfield Park, 

Sunni ngdale, 


May 20. 

From Sir Cosmo Haskard 
Sir, Your issue this morning gives 
lengthy coverage of Mr Foulkes's 
report on the Falkland Islands, but 
the report would appear to omit 
reference to their strategic value. 

in the event of a war which 
closed the Panama Canal, the 
existence of the airfields and 
excellent harbours of the Falk- 
lands in the Cape Horn region 
must surely be of great importance 
to the United States and her allies. 

Yours faithfully. 


TragarifF. . 

Ban try, 
co Cork, 

Republic of Ireland. 

May 20. 

Profits and pay 

From Mr J. W. West 
Sir, Profit-sharing has two particu- 
lar disadvantages. One is that 
profit is an arbitrary concept 
determined to some extent by 
accounting conventions. The 
other is that maximising profit 
rarely requires maximising the 
creation of wealth — indeed often 
the reverse. 

A much more effective ap- 
proach would be to relate pay to 
added value. 

Unlike profit, added value is 
not an arbitrary concept; and it 
can be readily determined. Its use 
would provide an incentive for the 
creation of wealth since added 
value is added wealth. It would 
encourage productivity since 

higher productivity leads to higher 
added value and so to higher pay. 
It would not be inflationary since 
pay would be related to what is 
produced And it would encourage 
efficiency and discourage waste 
since inefficiency and waste both 
absorb added value. 

Moreover, added value can be 
applied where profit-sharing can- 
not, since any goods or services, 
however produced for which 
there is a demand have — by- 
definition — a value, and that 
vslue can be added to. 

Yours faithfully. 


6 Weydown Court, 

Weydown Road 
Haslemere, Surrey. 

May 19. 

Heritage fire risk 

From the Director of the Fire 
Protection Association 
Sir. Mr Ashwell asks (May 8) 
whether modem technology can- 
not provide a better answer than 
water for fires in buildings such as 
cathedrals. The answer is probably 

Gaseous and powder 
extinguishing systems, while 
highly effective for “local” 
application such as a hazardous 
machine or a computer room, are 
not appropriate for cathedrals. It 
may be worth consulting the fire 
brigade or a fire engineer about 
high-expansion foam in certain 

However, the most important 
measure in any building, whether 
historic or not, is that a respon- 
sible person should be appointed 
to consider all the risks and decide 
on appropriate solutions, of which 
there are many. The Fire Protec- 
tion Association is setting up a 
working party of experts to see 
what more we can do centrally to 
help protect our building heritage. 

Yours faithfully, 


Fire Protection Association. 

140 Aldersgale StreeL EC1 . 

May 9. 

Signs of the times 

From Lieutenan t-Gen era! Sir 
David Mostyn 

Sir , 1 am happy to confirm we are 
still rehabilitating major-generals 
(Mr Raymond Parkin, May 20) as, 
I hope, any other self-respecting 
organisation which retires the 
most excellent men at 55, after 36 
years’ service, would also do. 

However, I am delighted to say 
that most, although having opted 
for a “bricks and mortar" resettle- 
ment course, only have time to 

practise their skills in their leisure 
moments, thanks to the wisdom of 
my headhunting friends who con- 
stantly telephone me (01-218 
7581!) seeking men of integrity 
and proven administrative ability. 

That is the way our generals go 
today and I am. Sir, their and vour 
faithful servant, the Military Sec- 


Ministry of Defence. 

Main Building, 

Whitehall, SW1. 

May 21. 

Paper chase 

From the Chairman of the British 
List Brokers Association 
Sir, Mr John R. Talbot (May 20) 
makes a number of comments, all 
arising from a recent mailing he 
received from the Labour Party. 
Unwittingly, he put his finger on 
the primary principle of direct 
mail advertising, namely, that 
those who have a need/empathy 
or interest in what is being offered 
by a mailing shot will respond 
favourably and those who do not, 
will not Clearly he did noL 
As practitioners in direct mail 
advertising, the only fault we may 
find in the Labour Party campaign 
would be that if foe mailing lists 
they used contained too many 
individuals who shared Mr 
Talbot's views, obviously the 
wrong type of lists were mailed. 

Despite the sacrasm of Mr 
Talbot's final shot, trading in, 
exchange or reciprocal arrange- 
ments concerning mailing lists are 
legal. However, the direct-market- 
ing industry through its voluntary 
self-regulatory body, the Mailing 
Preference Service, ensures that 
individuals can have their names 
removed from mailing lists owned 
by companies who subscribe. The 
Data Protection Act also provides 
certain rights on usage and disclo- 
sure of computer data; copies of 
the Act are available in every 
reference library. 

Yours faithfully. 

British List Brokers Association 

Nassau House, 

122 Shaftesbury Avenue. WJ. 

May 21. 

Football merger 
penalty feared 

From Mr David Jacques 
Sir. Mailer Estates' announce- 
ment that it would like to move 
Chelsea to share with Fulham at 
Craven Cottage (report. May 21) 
could be opening a game of 
musical chairs for all clubs in west 
London, with every chair that can 
be removed representing the re- 
lease of land to developers worth 
about £2 million per acre. 

Such machinations are quite 
understandable. Many football 
clubs have been in place for 
upwards of a century, during 
which time the world about them 
has. of course, changed. The 
current combination of falling 
football revenue and rapidly 
increasing land values in west 
London is a powerful lever for 

However, any such removals 
must be carried out responsibly. 
When the chairman ot Mailer 
Estates says that “Craven Cottage 
clearly is suitable" to accept 
Chelsea on a ground-sharing basis, 
he is being irresponsible. 

To begin with. Craven Cottage 
is simply too small and poorly 
appointed to accept Chelsea and 
its crowds of up to 40,000 and this 
is bound to create trouble with the 
clubs and fans concerned. 

Second. Craven Cottage is a 
mile from the nearest Under- 
ground station and there is no 
parking. The street parking and 
policing problems would then be 
more severe than any seen in west 
London to date. 

Lastly, the nuisance in these 
streets will be far beyond anything 
that might be deemed acceptable 
to the residents, who are used to 
crowds of only around 4.000. 

Craven Cottage is on the river- 
side. next to Bishop's Park and a 
conservation area. My group 
fought off the attempt to build a 
100 ft high block of flats around 
the Craven Cottage site just a 
couple of months ago. Now we 
shall have to fight off this ill- 
considered club sharing proposal. 
Yours etc. 

Bishop's Park Coordinating 

54 Stevenage Road, SW6- 

Single European Act 

From Mr Teddy Taylor, MP for 
Southend East (Conservative) 

Sir, Professor Dashwood (May 19) 
suggests that the significant 
surrender of UK sovereignty in 
the Single European Act is jus- 
tified by the trade benefits which 
Britain will secure through major- 
ity decisions in the Council of 
Ministers. He provides no ev- 
idence for this assertion, but 
perhaps he and others will recall 
that this was exactly the point 
made in favour of Britain's orig- 
inal sun-ender of sovereignty in 
1973. Sadly, although Britain al- 
ways enjoyed a favourable trade 
balance in manufactures with the 
EEC before 1973. there has been a 
large and growing defeat ever 
since. This week in Parliament it 
was revealed that our defeat with 
the EEC in 1985 was £9,200 
millions, while our surplus with 
the rest of the world was £5,900 

It would surely be in our 
national interest if the EEC were 
to resolve its existing problems 
and implement its existing agree- 
ments before seeking further pow- 
ers. Is it wise to give even more 
power to the EEC which has so 
abysmally failed to resolve the 
crisis in its agricultural policy, 
with more than half of total EEC 
spending on all activities being 
devoted to the disposal of food 
surpluses where Russia and East 
Europe are the main beneficiaries. 
Nor should we forget that while 
the EEC Commission was in- 
structed to provide monthly re- 
ports of agriculture spending in 
the December, 1984 agreement 
whichgreatly increased EEC 
spending, not one such report has 
yet been tabled - an omission 
which our Prime Minister is 
continuing to press the Commis- 
sion on as stated by her in 
Parliament on May 1 3. 

More majority voting will sim- 
ply meaD more Euro laws being 
applied to .the UK which could 
well be wholly against our wishes 
or our interests. If this is not a 
major step towards federation, I 
wonder what is? 

Yours sincerely. 

TEDDY TAYLOR (Secretary, 
Conservative European Reform 

House of Commons. 

Congested M25 

From Sir Colin Buchanan 
Sir. I have no doubt that the 
engineers knew perfectly well that 
sections of M25 would be full to 
capacity as soon as opened. After 
all. the road is but a remnant of the 
overall plan for London roads 
which resulted from the Layfield 
inquiry a few years ago but which 
the GLC in its wisdom threw out 
of the window. 

There is another point. Road 
traffic is foe product of activities, 
something which politicians find 
hard to understand. Overcrowd- 
ing on the M25 is partly a 
symptom of too many activities 
cramming into London and the 
South-east. As things arc going, 
with decisions like Stanstcd and 
the Channel tunnel and doubtless 
others to come, the wealth of foe 
nation is flowing into foe south- 
east comer, traffic problems can 
be expected to become insoluble 
except at enormous cost and 
damage, and the North wiil con- 
tinue to weep. 

Yours truly. 


Appleiree House, 

Lincombe Lane. 

Boars Hill, Oxford. 

MAY 28. 1930 

Amy Johnson 's memorable flight 
to Australia, one which caught the 
imagination of the press and 
public, began from Croydon 
Airport on May 5. It was 
accomplished in a tun-year-old 
Gipsy Moth which she had 
purchased for £600. The Times on 
that day noted — "Woman to fly 
alone to Australia Thereafter, 
houecer, never a day passed 
without a report, often of a column 
on her progress, Amy Johnson uses 
bom in Hull in 1903. Jn January 
1941 while ferrying an aircraft for 
the RAF she crashed in the 
Thames estuary; her body uxus 
never recovered. The Amy 
Johnson Memorial Scholarship 
perpetuates her memory. 


i From Our Own Correspondent) 


After her flight of 500 miles over 
the sea from the island of Timor 
Miss Amy Johnson landed at the 
Fanny Bay aerodrome near here at 
3.57 yesterday afternoon amid 
pausing cheers from the crowd 
which had gathered. An aeroplane 
had taken off at 3 pm and cruised 
about in circles over Melville 
Island on the lookout for Miss 
Johnson in her Gipsy Moth ma- 
chine. Suddenly Mias Johnson's 
machine was seen in the north- 
west. the airwoman having evi- 
dently been carried somewhat to 
the westward of her course. After 
circling over the aerodrome Miss 
Johnson made a graceful landing 
and her aeroplane came to rest 
beside a big Australian machine. 

After the usual examination by 
ihe medical officer and waiting 
until ihe cameras clicked the young 
airwoman stepped on to Australian 
soil. Someone called out, “Three 
cheers for Amy," and a ringing 
response was given. Miss Johnson, 
who was dressed in khaki shorts 
and puttees and had a green sun 
helmet, was sunburnt, and obvi- 
ously weary, but was smiling as she 
left her machine. Mechanics of 
other aeroplanes at once relieved 
her of the work of covering up and 
anchoring her aeroplane, which 
will be thoroughly overhauled be 
fore Miss Johnson starts south. 

Miss Johnson was then driven to 
the town, where a civic reception 
had been arranged for the evening. 
Meanwhile she found a batch of 
500 telegrams awaiting here and 
the officials gaver her the services 
of a typist to help send off replies. 
Miss -Johnson was also the recipi- 
ent of a singular illuminated 
address from the local Kunmintang 
Society on behalf of ihe Chinese of 


At the civic reception at the 
Town Hall in the evening Miss 
Johnson said; “Don’t call me Miss 
Johnson; just plain “Johnnie' will 
do; that's what my English friends 
call me." 

Miss Johnson, referring to the 
last stages of her flight, said that 
landing on Timor later than she 
expected to do. she was met by 200 
natives. She could not understand 
their language except a word 
sounding like pastor. One of the 
natives took her hand and led her 
three miles to a church, where she 
met the parson, who treated her 
very kindly indeed. Probably she 
was not a good pilot. It was 
specially significant, Miss Johnson 
declared, that she landed on Em- 
pire Day. and she conveyed 
England's warm greetings to 
Australia. . . . 

Miss Johnson will make the 
flight across Australia by easy 

SYDNEY. May 26.- Miss John- 
son left Darwin on her resumed 
flight to Sydney at 7.30 this 
morning — Reuter. 



(From Our Own Correspondent I 

There are great rejoicings 
throughout Australia over Miss 
Johnson's successful flight. The 
song** Johnnies in Town" is being 
sung and played in public places in 
celebration of ber arival. At an 
important League football match 
yesterday the exhibition of a 
legend. “Amy O.K.," was sufficient 
to send an electric thrill through 
the thousands present. Play was 
stopped while cheers filled the air. 
and this is only a slight indication 
of the popular enthusiasm which 
will accompany Miss Johnson in 
her southward journey. . . 


Miss Johnson, it must be re- 
membered. has set up a new record 
for a solo flight from England to 
India, and she is the first woman to 
fly alone to Australia. Moreover, as 
far as Rangoon, she was two days 
ahead of the time made by Squad- 
ron Leader Hinkler, though in the 
whole distance she took four days 
more than did Hinkler. 

The Gipsy Moth light aeroplane 
in which she travelled was nearly 
two years old when she bought it 
from Captain W L Hope, in whose 
hands it had already done 35.000 
miles. Yet this old machine stood 
up to the most exacting demands 
made upon it, survived two forced 
landings, and gave no worse trouble 
than an ignition fault, which was 
remedied at Sourabaya. It is a 
standard Gipsy Moth machine 
with one engine of 100 h.p., but it 
was specially fined for long flights, 
having extra petrol tanks in the 
passenger's cockpit and in the rear 
uf the fuselage, which allowed it to 
carry 79 gallons of fuel. 

Answering back 

From Mr Robert Hardic 
Sir. Mrs Claire Hewitt's letter 
(May 21) mourning ihe demise of 
the thank-you loiter reminds me of 
an aunt who was accustomed to 
send her nephews and nieces 
cheques tor ifteir binhdais. Her 
method of ensuring that she 
received an acknowledgement was 
to omit to sign the cheques! 

Yours faithfully. 


90 Tyrone Road. 

Thorpe Bay. Essex. 



1 986. 





THt TlMfcS MONDAY MA Y 26 1986 

career choice 

Jobs in the land of plenty 

Just as land use has changed vastly over 
the years, so land-based careers are 
developing with more opportunities. 
There is greater emphasis on manage- 

ment and a growing need for qualified 
people to fill research and advisory posts. 
Many farmers today are turning out 
unwanted produce — and one of the 
newer careers is to advise them on more 
effective use of their land. 

Professor Laurence Roche, bead of 
forestry at Bangor University, cates 
examples: producing fine wool (at 
present we are producing only coarse 
wool and rely on costly imports for the 
fine variety): the production of wood, a 
major British import of which there is a 
serious shortage in Europe; producing 
goat meat and milk; using more land for 

This autumn Bangor which already 
offers a BSc Hons course in forestry, wifi 
introduce an agro-forestry course leading 
to the same qualification. It was expected 
that applications would be mainly from 
countries where agriculture and forestry 
are better integrated than in the UK, but 
British students are also applying. As 
with forestry, they need three A-levels in 
subjects like biology, geography and 
social sciences. 

But the university is reluctant to 
stipulate grades, preferring to interview 
every applicant to assess their commit- 
ment. such as doing spare time land 

Physics, chemistry and maths are 
required for the wood science course 
(also at Bangor), which combines forest- 

A new opportunity lies in 
giving good land-use advice 

ry, includes a strong marketing element 
and prepares students for industrial 

A career in forestry involves all stages 
of production from planting and felling 
to marketing Employers include the 
Forestry Commission, contractors and 
owners of forested estates. There is much 
competition for jobs, and the fact that 
Bangor students find posts may be a 
result of the emphasis given to economic 
and managerial training. 

“The whole thrust of the department is 
towards management and producing 
young men and women able to lake 
responsibility and make decisions,** 
explains Professor Roche. 

His department also runs a second 
degree in forestry for people who have 
graduated in a related subject such as 
agriculture or geography. Environmental 
forestry’, a relatively new course which 
started in 1978, relates to leisure and 
recreation, and can lead to employment 
with local authorities, the Forestry 
Commission, industry and the Nature 
Conservancy CountiL 
In addition, there is a three year 
national diploma in forestry at some 
colleges organized on a sandwich basis. 

Horticulture offers more career oppor- 
tunities than farming and, to quote a 
spokesman of the Agricultural Training 
Board, is more orientated towards 
training, marketing and management. It 

There is a growing need 
for more research and 
advisory posts in 
land-based careers. 
Sally Watts considers 
some of these new 
job prospects ___ 

is also better geared to producing what is 
wanted — vegetables for freezing, year- 
round pot plants, chrysanthemums and 
other flowers and. for the home gardener, 
vast quantities of bedding plants, shrubs 
and ornamental trees. 

Correspondingly, there are job oppor- 
tunities for the person trained in a 
particular choice of activity; working in a 
garden centre, in landscape contracting, 
glasshouses or whatever. The ATB runs 
training schemes which equip people for 
interesting work, but the better paid 
managerial posts generally require a 
degree or diploma. 

As well as research, advisory work and 
teaching, horticulture divides into two 
areas — commercial horticulture, which 
concerns the growing and selling of fhiit. 
flowers and vegetables and amenity 
horticulture, which is responsible for 
parks, public and private gardens and 
recreation areas. 

As a student. Peter Cox specialized in 
hardy trees and shrubs, but after gaining 
his Higher National Diploma in 1981 he 
spent a year on a Surrey market garden. 
He then went as a trainee to J J Barker, 
an intensive growing business of more 
than 1 .000 acres at Southfket, Kent His 
first job was to. run the vegetable pre- 
packing unit then transport and packing 

and, later, sales. Today he is responsible 
for the day-to-day' running of the 

“Quite a few large, progressive opera- 
tors are always looking out for good; 
keen people who are prepared to work, 
he says. “You need to be practical, 
commercially orientated and manage- 
ment minded. Marketing is very impor- 
tant and here training generally needs 
improving, though it is good on core and 
financial management — cash flow, 
• -budgets, balance sheets. 

“Horticulture is a way of life. You can 
identify with production and growing, 
but a liking for the outdoor life is not 
enough. If that’s what you want, you 
would do better with the National Trust 
or the Royal Soriety for the Protection of 
Birds. If you’re going to climb the ladder 
in horticulture, you’ve got to get into 

Keith Nicholson chose amenity horti- 
culture after spending his pre-college 
year working on a small woodland. Now 
27 and with the HND, he is a landscape 
officer with a “new town** which 
employed him during the sandwich year 
of his course. Local authorities are 
prominent among employers; others 
include the National Trust and private 
firms such as design consultants. 

He is involved with all his town’s 
amenity land: parks, play pounds, 
allotments, grazing land, a pets’ comer, 
even a cafe. And he is still studying. After 
a year's day release he has passed the first 
pan of the Institute of Leisure and 

Floristry is attracting rising 
numbers of male recruits 

Amenity Management's diploma. Keith 
is now ending his first year, also on day 
release, of a two-year Diploma in 
Management Studies. 

During his second year he wiJl do pan 
two of the ILAM diploma as a special 
project He explains: “The HND is only 
the beginning, and you build on what 
you've learned. Man management and 
land management require separate 

Floristry is attracting more recruits, 
including more young men. At St Albans 
College of Agriculture and Horticulture 
- where Jill Thompson Has twice won 
the top national award for qualifying 
students —an additional course had to be 
started last year because there were so 
many applicants. Students generally take 
parts one, two and three of City and 
Guilds, then the Society of Floristry’s 
intermediate exam and finish with the 
ND. The last two include managerial as 
well as practical and technical aspects. , 

Jill Thompson who now teaches at St 
Albans, points out the varied career 
choices other than joining a flower shop 
or a garden centre: working on liners, in 
hotels or for large stores or supermarkets. 
Many aim to nave their own business 
and their training equips them to do so. 

Manual dexterity, design ability and 
business acumen are important qualities. 
You need to be cost eflective wh'glheT' 
you" are working for yoursdf or for 
someone else. 


Tha above post has become available tfirough 

the a ppointm ent erf the present Fro-fflrector 

as Deputy Diractor/DIractor Designate of 
Leicester Polytechnic. He/She acts as deputy 
to the Director and has ma|orj resporeHrfHBBS 
to the area of RESOURCES and 
DEVELOPMENT Apptfcalkins are. sought 
from experienced managers who must com- 
bine drive and energy with a strong 
co m mitment to polytechnic education. 

Salary £26*994 pk* EB7B outer London 
weigh ting (Both under review} 

Enquiries and reqwsb for farther parficotera 
should ha addressed, fa eanfttewsd. he 
The Director (P/D) 




Lectnresbip/Seafer Lectureship h 
Property Valuation 8 Management 

Applications for the above post ate invited 
from Urban Land Economists or Vahta- 
tion Surveyors with a keen interest in. 
Property Investment and a good first de- 
gree and preferably a post graduate 

The appointment will be for five years in 
the first instance. Salary for Senior :Urc-. 
turen £16.167 to £19,922 per annum; 
Lecturer £9,317 to £16,997 per annum in- 
clusive, (under review). 

Further details and application forms axe 
available from the Academic Registrar’s 
Office, The City University, Northampton 
Square, London, EC IV, OHB. Telephone 
01 253 4399, E XL 3037. 

Cosing date: 30th June, 1986. 


Lectureship in Law 

Applications are Invited for a Lectureship in the 
Faculty of Law. This lectureship is additional to 
the one previously advertised. While the appoint- 
ment is not linked - to any particular Held of 
specialisation, the Department will be glad to re- 
ceive applications from candidates willing to 
contribute to lecture courses on the Law of Per- 
sonal Taxation, on Commercial Law. and on the 
Law of Evidence. 

The successful candidate wQJ be expected to teach 
a range of subjects, to engage in research and to 
.carry out the administrative duties assigned to him 
or her. -Applicants should possess a good Honours 
or- postgraduate degree In Law. 

Initial salary wm depend on qualifications and ex- 
perience. on the Lecturers’ Scale £8.020 to 

Further particulars from the Registrar (Appoint- 
mentsy. University of Leicester. Untvorsity Road. 
Leicester. LEI 7RH. to whom applications should 
be soit on the form provided by 15 June 19%. 


Electronic Engineer or Ph ysi cal required to heed major 
section (2 other graduates, 3 OHS posts and IS techni- 
cians) of tins wta rngt i o naRy known Department. 
Services and fl & D are provided to afl hospdets m NE 
Scotland and Medical School teaching mainly at MSc 
level: research in medical forms, including 

C yclo tron and PET. (Ref tnfEuXBfy. 

Salary on Serior Lecturer scate £14,870 - 218^25 per 
aunra, (under review}. 


Tlw above post has arisen through the secoodnmt at Dr, 
M. F. Hopkins to the ABRCfor three years to 3Ut March. 
1989. Applications are United from ca n didates with a par- 
ticular interest in mam Physiology, especially In the areas 
of photosynthesis and. or plant water relations, but other 
interests are not exduded- 

The -salary will be within the range £0.020 - £16.700 an 
the Lecturers' scale, with placement according to age. 
auaUficatloos and experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Academic 
Personnel Officer. University of Glasgow. G12 8QQ. to 
whom applications, giving the names and addresses of 
three referees, should be lodged on or before 26th June. 

In reply Please quote Ref. No. 5730 E. 


Applications are invited from graduates for the 
flee of the Registrar, tenable from 1 September 
1986. Initial duties will involve work in the Fac- 
ulty of Science and with some central committees. 
Preference will be given to younger candidates 
with relevant University experience. 

Salary on Grade 1A £7.066 - £12.780 with 

Applications (3 copies) naming three referees 
should be sail by 9 June 1986 to the Registrar. 
Science Laboratories. South Road. Durham. DH1 
3JE. from whom further particulars may be 



AppHcatioos m JrntanS tor a lectureship tn the Department of 
French from October 1st 1986. SutaWy quafifled persons wrth 
spend interests in any ares of flench studies snee 1700 may 
apply, but preference imgM to given to specialists in French 
poetry since 1800. Applicants for the earlier temporary post hi 
French wd to automatical^ consxferad end need not reappty. 

Salary at appropriate point on scate £8.020 to 215.780. sorting 
■alary probably not above £11.275. plus USS. 

Further parttaOara may be obtained from the EstabCahmorts 
Officer. The University, GoSege Gate, St Andrews. Fife. KYIS 
BAJto whom ap pi tato ons (two copHW preferably ai typesofpu 
wHh toe names ot three referees should to sent to arrive net 
tear flan June 10th 1966. 

Lectureship in Early Modern 
European History 

Applications are invited for a lectureship in Early Modem 
European History, tenable from October 1966. 

Salary at appropriate point on scale £6020 to £15700 
per annum, starting salary probably not above £11275. 
plus USS. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Establish- 
ments Officer, The University, College Gate, St Andrews, 
Fife KYI 6 9AJ to whom applications (two copies pref- 
erably in typescript) with the names of three referees 
should be sent to arrive ml later ana 18 th June 1386. 


Postdoctoral Research Fellowship 

Applications are Invited for this position which is 
available immediately to study me molecular bads 
of genome rearrangements in bovine and human 
rotaviruses (Hundley et al. (1986). Virology 143. 
88: Allen and Desselberger (1985. J. gen. VlroL 
66. 2703). Experience to gene cloning and DNA 
sequencing procedures desirable. The post is 
funded by the MRC and tenable far 3 years. The 
salary will be within range 1 A of the scales for 
Research and Analogous Staff. Superannuated. 

Applications Including a curriculum vitae. Ust of 
publications, relevant experience and the names 
and addresses of two referees should be sent to Dr. 
U. Desselberger; Institute of Virology. Ghisch 
-Street- Glasgow. GU GJR. Tel: 014-339 8855 ext 
-4027 or. 6257, ... . ' 

20 June 1 


Applications are invited fora lectureship in (be Depart- 
ment of French from October 1st 1986. Suitably 
qualified peraoos with special interests in any area of 
French studies since 1 700 may apply, but p r e fe rence 
might be given to specialists in Frencb poetry since 

poetry since 

I860. Applicants for the earlier temporary post is 
French will be automatically considered and need not 

Salary at appropriate point on scale £8 .020 to £15.700. 
starting salary probably not above £1 1.275. plus USS. 

Further panieufara may be obtained from the Esubfisb- 
menis Officer, The University, College Gate, SI 
Andrews. Fife. KYI 6 9AJ to ~wbom applications (two 
copies preferably in typescript) with the names of three - 
referees should he sent to arrive not later than Jane 

Salary at 

Further p 
mems C 

universtty-of St awrews . | Prep 8 Public Schools 


Lectureship in Early Modern 
European History 

AppScations are invited tor a lectureship tr Eafy Modem Euro- 
pean History, tunable from October 1986. 

Tbl Cheltenham (02*2) 522607 Stations CtoHantom 

Headmaster: DJA Cassel MAIM (Cob) P; Kp LARS 
Number of .boys: Boarders 122 Day Boys: MS 

Fare From £30Q-Et,325 Qndtnive of o u h o tantel extras] 
-School is sat to 13 acres of pounds and playing fields. 
-Boys boarffing school with modem facilities - Computer*. Andto- 

Visual aids. Lsrouage Laboratories, art/craft centre and Orwta. 
- 6-10 year olds In separate btoefc. 

-Use of eoflaga science Mocks. Chapel, sports haB, all wndher 

Salary at appropriate 
annum, starting salary 

scale £8.020 to £15.700 per 
not ebon £1 1 £75. pin .USS. 

Further particulars may to .obtained from Ito Establishments 
Officer, The limeroty, College Gate. St Andrews. Fite KYJ6 
9AJ to whom appkeanoas (two copies preferably m typescript] 
ww the names ot three referees should to sent to arrive not 
fetor than 18A Jaw 1886. 


Applications are invited tor a one-year TEMPO- 
RARY LECTURESHIP IN LAW tenable from 1st 
August 1986 or as soon as possible thereafter. Sal- 
ary will normally be within the range £ 8.020 to 
£9.880 per.annum on die lectureship scale which 
rises to £15.700 per annum. 

Further particulars should be obtained from The 
Registrar and Secretary. University of Bristol. 
Senate House. Bristol BS8 1TH. to whom applica- 
tions should be sent by 30th June. Please quote 
reference JC. 


Large Private 

Language School Organisation in Germany, 
requires for a client in the Frankfort area: 
Experienced and Qualified Nativ e Speaker 
Language Trainer (TEFL) 


With possibility of later assuming Post as Euro-Rep- 
resentative on the programme with the Following 

- Professional supervision of Euro-Teachers 

- Organisation and administrative duties 

- Teaching English as required 


- Extensive experience teaching english as a foreign 

- language find. 5 years teaching students from bus 
ness and industry) 

- TEFL qualification (RSA. PGCE/TEFL, MA. 

- Adaptability to training methods currently in use. 

- Good knowledge of German 

The successful applicant can expect both an attractive 
salary and a pleasant working atmosphere. Interviews 
will be held in June and July in London. Date of 
employment Seoteraber 1986 
Applies lions in duplicate with c.v. qualifications and 
recent photograph to: 

Euro-Spradtschulen Organisation. Haoptstr. 26, D- 
8751 Sujcksiadi/Main, west Germany. 

Ann Mrs. Bastnier. 


EH. Tgadws aroraamd forw»- 
«» contracts from taw August 
Male, natae bqfefli speatao. 
Dacfwtor status, aged 25 to 45. 
graduates mtti ttUwrum RSA Prop 
Cert am 2 years TEFL espenwica 
Good salary usual Benefits. 

Phone H.G on Itm 5B0 435t lor 
appboboo term and further deads 


G0U-COE \anotnoounm Man 
Jam it Apn Premciw: 
Mis Pay. 4. WcUMrOp Cana, 
sws ol 373 sues. 

HTiUKhwamthuia Mim 

l mv worn try m a icanm 
OI-M4 43*D. 



The appointment will be made during the Summer 
Term 1986 with expectation that the person ap- 
pointed wo) assume office. Ideally from 1st 
September. 1985 or 1st January. 1987 al the 

Salary wtn depend upon experience. Hours of 
work can only be noted as being in accordance 
with the demands of-the fob. Holidays will be live 
weeks per year plus public holidays at Easter and 
Christmas. The initial appointment will be for a 
probationary period of 12 months. Full appoint- 
ment will be to the age of 60 . but may be extended, 
at the discretion of the Governors, on a year-by- 
year basis, to age 65. The appointment will be 
subject to a satisfactory medical examination. 

Applications should be to writing addressed to: 

Clerk to the Governors, 

Ruthin School, 

Ctwyd UL15 1EE TeL Ruthin (08242) 2543 

Applications should contain a full curriculum vitae 
together with the names of two referees, and 
should reach the School by 15th June. 1986. 

Abbot's Hill 

Required for Septem- 
ber PE teacher with 
special interest in La- 
crosse and gymnastics. 
Accommodation avail- 
able. Please apply In 
writing with CV and 
names and addresses 
of two referees to the 
Headmistress as soon 
as possible. 

Bankers Lane 
Htmd Hampstead 
Herts HP3 SRP 


flie post tn Burjar at Hugos HaM 
becomes vacant on 31 OcMnr 
1086. fextaabons art muitad 
from men and women won aO- 
nauMtauiie and tamoal 

wptewcB totems te f an nter* 
Ms! saewm earner and 
vepasdnaBoepranuxieEtat- 1 
sy The dasag tme far 
aotetaOons # 21 Juw 1968 i 
Ftt tatfw pabotas please ap- 
ply wire PrasuwH, Annas hS. , 
ranbndgt CM. 2 H* 10223 1 

Teesside Polytechnic 

( ) Departments of Computer Science 

and Electrical, Instrumentation 
and Control Engineering. 



This successful course, now men for Os second intake, has 
been designed to moot ihe predicted shortage in personnel able 
to support the expansion of Information Technology. United 

Kingdom united is offering a fended number of sponsored 
studentships on this course which wffl provide an additional 
buisaiy and worV experience during ttie vacation for the selected 
candidates. Areas of study will nctuda: 

• Program m ing • Principles of Computers 

• Computer Communications • Principles of Qoctrontes 

• Hardware Design and Testing 

• System Design and Impfenwdation 

Further details of the course and IBM sponsorship available 
from: The Department^ Ad mmt s n a to r. Depstmem ot Computer 
Science. Teesside Fotytoctaoc. Borough Hoad. Middlesboroutfh, 
Cleveland. TSf 38A. Teh (0642} 218121 ext 4270. 

Tha BtacMieotti School of Art 

Full time one year. 

SUMMER HOLIDAY COURSES In drawing painting ana 
mustraOon and took design, 
detain. Irani: 

21 Lee Road 
London SE3 9RQ 
Tel 01-352 5960. 


The demand for We w«| nan or «omsv cmmxM * ihe srMr mow a 

roeoteig Meg or me e au wg nec m aary to 5 ttoioma « OBfonodr 

peMumarnonnw w rftewt» M Omira B uiUorafeBBns Mowea 
hr poctael Mum You are mm to wme tar me m oocmk tram 

■me SepgatY ot «w . Sotwte te CtaropoUj, 

WE HUE WSmUTC (emtlWB 019) 

The New Hag (DeemeeM TMJ 
Bern Weed, l i i wnm a. p eti w ero SU iu 
tat HarOTteNM (0SZ>> 2U00 0* bra) ma OKS) 3240 

-Use of exttna scfenco btocko. Chapof, oporto haB, mH vmatfter 
pttefteo. lenrfs and squoah court* 

-Scout troop. OrchMraft, Choir and Hgh standards of games 
coacting. ■ 

■ Dfeo Ben l academic lamfta with sewto Scholarships each year 
For further tofo mwflon telephone or wntt to the Headmaster 




Ce-rtbarttoea] D eanftra and Day 
Upner Srtwd (HMC, I3-S> 4M Pnfe. 
lower ScboeJ (lAFS, 8-13) 358 P mST 

Teacbo/Pfenf Ratio 12 
100 ooes of atnaoix grounds. 

£3 MiBfon Development Programme juft oo mp leied m- 
cfafrag indoor swimming pooL sport* complex and 
computer centre. 

Modern purpose-built boarding accommodation. ph» day 

Scholarships aad Bunaries » >1,13 end Vftb Form. 
■Good results al "O’ and.- A’ end Chbridee. 22 * A - Level 
Courses. CA - level pasa nue for 1985 87-5%). 

Full programme of Art. Muse. Drama. Outdoor Pursuit 
arid Games. 

Easy motorway access IS miles front Bir m ing ha m lottnnr 
uoua] Airport. 


Write to The Headmaster. BnxnsgRms School. 
Branugrowe. W ore ea olu re or Tefopfaoee Bromsgruve 
(0527) 32774 

Which School 
for your child? 

for expert counselling covno 
every aspect of education, from 
preparatojy to finishing 
schools, from finance to 
educational psychologists. 

We counsel parents on a 
pranBBl basis - our advice is 
free and objective. 

WHJCte BCHOOLT our coumct- 
iu>9 n rw end obNCtHe. Cow 
end wr w ■ Truman S 
Kimnuey. 7A msi motnne hut 
C aw. wi2. T« 01-707 13*2, 





innt«! for the atawe 
runs a"nx.-:-*riaed 
cfearee course ia • 

Man a gement. The 

accountant with a 

good first degree- 


I lit* -no n 
1 * a {--«**: i»« I 


Anret n SMW 19B6 or 
Japan 1987. • each* at 
mrStiS to CCSE M A fevrf 

n« post <s * tempera* are tm 
otoei a am v a ytf M eacd- 
rtttsmIBMMma O BiM Pt u t 
post am also wen u ofled to 
«k to-. . . 

Appttaboos fer a pair-twe » 
poemwa Mailt *» (mm 

BadWd iafery scafe tavonb 
damn nm ded 

feafica toto to. and fertber de- 
ws bom. The Head lister 
BntWm Cofiega. ffeMB 9 
BokiwiRW BM 
TefStoato 0734-74003 

ST. RlAHYcS school, 


tadapenkrt Oeat a a^feod 
branl^Q scftooL 
for .300 grti aged H-J8 

Girts- are preemed for 

One jomoi. one S«fa-forro 
and mo Music sebotontops 
» variable each yew. 
Pro sp ect u s from die Adeus- 
uob* Seowary. Tet 


Teesside Polytechnic 

Computer Science and Electrical. 
Instnimentation and' Control 

New from Pitman 

Executive secretarial trainmg pluo worir ewperteflco at our 
Wmbiedon Ctetege. includes traawu « mrd and daa 
processing and secreurtfe teoits for R$A exammaons. 
Approved lodgings aw te a b fc . l=ot prospectus plena 

TIM Prinefeol, 

Atarpno Road, 

TeL’ 01-946 1706 
Fractal * Smart 2 


BSc ami BSc (HONS) hi 

W*#™ sandtodi buss, of CNU wfiicli embrazs 
auto g « Sterware, Canmuactom and aadmnlra Tednoloipes to- 
wSwittums of OyanisaBoni Tte couisg 

ja?,w^ s& stt^ar 1 


Acraygar CHM comwsnfl MSc hr wffito some SERC ttMentoapim 

Saw " OeBBmSt 

FWaSdtasbroraiti. Oevteand IS1 3BA T«t 

Private Art 

Slade school graduate 
(1882). Professional teach- 
ing experience, ail stages, 
any ages, children very 
welcome. AndrarHodder 
01-351 3237. (anytime). 

Experienced teach- 
ers of EFL required 
to teach in Greece, 
October 86 to May. 
87. Accommodation 

Refer to Mrs. Katie 
Goossu 36 leme 
Lofreo, Ferfeteri, 
12131 Athens 



Intensive Cotrsss at 
Qementary. Intermediate 
and Advanced levels 
starting 3th June. 4 
weeks. 3 hours daily, fee: 
£63.00. - Also courses in 

Goethe tnsttut, SO Princes 
• Sate. London SW7 Tel , 
01-581 3344/7. 

IN 1986? 

UCCA w Fair* GMdNMHtr . 


sr. COOMC*S CaBree. Loaaoa 
Swwrai. toariims and Lan- 
MiW courws. Word Praowfor 
Training Engtitel fO* OtHUU 
Students Rwoomr jnd OsvStu- 
dMits. Tne nrontiw rro.. a 
ArMvrtqm Road. London NWS 
: ^ACL Trt- 01-435 US31. . . . 

ueaiw mmoM m tram An 
QoMffiw Keeton. 1 
• Tftrw . • weW ' d»nte 
dnotnodMWnand tuoon El Ttx 
For qraato mnhon* togas 
2*92 apim. 


- lOfHHMr wiy 3FE- 
er-upKimon* to* 
Tcta (U«M 2KM. - 

it '*r*- ‘1 



Ml rfauifk-d jdi-cnwcnenis 
can he accepted hy idepft. 3n * 
icuroi Announcement*) TIk- 
dc3d)inc«5.0rtpm2dav> prior 
m puWicaiion «c 5.00pm Mon. 
day for Wednesday). Should 
jot «nJ> ip imd ja 

meiii in please include 

your daytime phone number 
PAATHEHT. If you have any 
queries or mobkins relating to 
your advermcmeni once it has 
appeared, please contact our 
Cusiomrr Services Department 
by telephone on 01-461 4100. 


J«WUt BROWN rs 21 
Conqraiiaaiiont. and tame Irani 
Lnubrn D *° - Cl11- *■“" *mi 
. Abo qrdpeoKkrnu in France t, 

S SwiimlinS SnutlarvS4EIB 
vwi. «* Pari- End SI. O-dotd 
Ba menon SI . London wi. Tw 
01 629 6183. 


on your birlhriav and «nd lurk 
lor i he 0 D Murn love and Cod 
dh*v'. Beware I E.D. 

CLARK - Caroline Francmca 
Happy 2!UMrl>xto»- darling si 
momcincais rears ah our icip 
.lemma. James. Tim a Mummy 
SAM Cnngral* you made II sun 
hnc sou even iimuqn youte 
Mnrd me wrinkles Sorry no| 
to Be wilh you on this your sue. 
rial iruwrn. tun v. fial ■■ a day 
when | need a liieumr Always 
your Lisa 


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HEART to HEART. Todays way 
of meeting CuirfuJmluu miro- 
durtions Uiroustioui UK for 
Companionship. Friendship. 
Mamagc Jtearr to Heart 52 
London Rd Twickenham. 
MMdX OI-B92 2051 
FRKMDSMP. Love or Marriage 
All age*, areas Dateline. Den 
iOIOj 23 AMngdon Rood. Lon- 
don WB Tel Ol 936 1011. 



Together we a a beat il 

We fund O'er one third of 
all test-aich into tiler prewuv 
non and cure ol cancer in 
ihe UK. 

Help us by sending j dona- 
lion or make a legacy 10 


lLto|* 0175 i 


London Vv « Ol ®B5! * 


mow*. Top prk:ta nani o^228 


01 «» W49 sir 
01 ««» and o: »5 

L«we W*«R0TOl Mirrors 
p-vh. Bookcase we a p.. iiw, 

«Z8 .7716 (fay or nM#ii 
cash to .mans. 43 Lambs 
Conduit Si Vs Cl 4058638 
ALL ummcDOft tickets 
wanird Centre*. Ho I s Bea 

orires tun Ol -«<9 6253 

"CKETS wanted 
June 1st. Pm ate. Best gnu 
paid Tw. >099001 39M Pnte 
WtHBiSDOH all it ritets wjm-d. 

M&SSS BcM **""* “—• 

sale Marued plus swrivnop 
eienl--. Ol 693 9944 fTi 

or sold Top prices paid. Tel Ol 
701 8385 



Bim Doing Nothing? 
Writing ihe Chopm Liszt 

Be sure In include klarlsrei's 

Our Prices can't be missed 
fBuv or Hue hum only £16 umj 


Albany Street HWl 
Q1 935 8692 
inflery Place. SEI6 
Ol 854 4517 

BRIGHTS OF NETTUKlh. Wood 3 French polr-Tunq tort* Bank Holiday 
Mc-Tidav 26(h May al Our 
TotrJiam Showroom*. 

21 47 74 Fore Si. Temlura. 
Nr C'eter .039287. 7443 

FINEST aualnv wool carpels At 
trade prices and under also 
aiallaWe IOC's evfra Large 
room size remnants under halt 
norma' price Chancery Carpels 
Ol 406 0453. 

THE TUBES 1795-1986. Other 
Idles a*. ail Hand bound ready 
lor pr-soniancHi also 

'Sundays- LI 2 50. Remember 
When 01-688 6323. 

Siarieml Exp Che'S. Ln Mis. 
411 theatre and sports 
Tel BSI«616 828-0495. 

4 E* Vwa Diners 

BIRTHDAY DUE ? Gne someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
ilai-d Ihe \rrv day they were 
born £12 50 0492 31303 

Tiiesdas A Saturday mallnees 
Rr.eonaide prices All CCS. Rep- 
uiadb- auency Ol -741 8977 




Wandas CortooUst Tries, de- 
s^p natural only £8 95 per sq yd 
+ VAT. Wool ms Berber carpets 
4m mde Hesaan backed £4 35 
per sq yd + VAT. WMe stocks 

207 HaverytOck HBI 
Hompshuid NW3 

Tefc 01-794 0139 

fnr esdnKM-rrum tang 

Gruwiugup is more depressing 
and difficult today than ever 
before. Hotting conditions air 
often appalling, recreational 
facilities arc often lacking; 
many yoang people arc 
homcku while others fire in 
unhappy homes. For most, 
secotxi&ry education sends 
Than an Ul-preparal far edah 
life and wot IL worst of all isihe 
egem ofunempfay mau faring 

In ihese circumstances, iiis 
hardlv surprising that some 

todayt sxssr*-*"** 

ff The Rainer Fonodabanfsthe 

only national diariiy coocemntinB otdasiyrfy on these 
important probfcmsof adolescence. Qm pioneering pro tects 
hrtn mHn yhimdredsofvonnepeoptecugryycartofindtgeir 

fiset. In our early days as the^ ‘London Police Court Mismon 
oneofour fiist tasks was the e st a b lish m e nt oi the 

Bm we are serioosly short of fond* and mna ask f«50W 
support — covenant , leszqrorfionauon. Tour hap win 

give someone a chance in I ^ 99 

The RL Hon Lord Hew*w. KCMQjCycx UC 
Preabwnt ol tho Reinor Foundation . 

Pawn ■ HH Prtnca PNflp. Onto at 

Tin Raher Foundation (Rap. Qnrfty 213133}, 

Attn. Chrhmohar Nayiar. 

227/239 Too&y StredL 
London SE1 SX. 

Tenphona: 01-403 404 


. ^ 


Ont lOODOi people in the United Kingdom safler a Smtervmy yrw- 


Our draUi in six is dor to a Stmkr or n» 


Thw an u l*-« 16WIOO disabled Stwlir wrvluors, in Britain. 


Abrni a haJfofallSDWusroiilribeprtwfnlrd. 


Prrvptukia «ml reinbUitMion Dead foods urgmth-. 



Remember Stroke Victims Please 


Rrp-nnfriun An 31 MU 

- .-rfbunkr * 1t^.r»*H..n»Ximk 

Trlcphoar m-ttXX 

1- ^ 

SEATFWDERS Any fiml tne L« 
Miv . Ccn-tu Gdn fajulrghl Urn. 
Uimbkw9v, CI>l«M»unv Ol- 
H2A 1678 rwviiof crahl rants 
LOOKER TABLE. Full to- RUry 
■2967Q, i.iqm nak uMr ptusar 
revtorm. U300 ono. Tw 
K5«7 569 

Esp dms. lk mb aii I nr Birr 
aM -port. TW 631 3719. 637 
1715 AH major credit Cords. 
ror k \ iltwevctBocn rK We beat 
4fiv pricr AkS 0932 784128. 
PUD6E3--FREEZUS. Ookrrs. 
Fir . Cun ioumiv cheupnT B A 
S LW. 01 229 1947 8468. 

Bought and VM1 Trl 01-88: 
3347 gt 01-791 228b. 
WIMBLEDON and all Pop Events, 
Tickets nought and sotd 
Cl 9300277 or 01 930-0598. 

UES & 

Limited editions nf me and 
beautiful twtofic dodta 
Orreries. Cenerrue*. Mwtnxts 
marie by our mrcSfi* amtmwi 
tar the beaefii of amnoawm 
and coSenEn. For farther 

•afNhMiaa - with no obUndoa 
to btnr- miae la Demn dack^ 
DnmSiaZir Tdcphooc 
004254720 04 Hot 

Fiaunaev. animals. Hr., warn- 
M Ol 883 0024. 




Londons leading specialist in 
new and restored pianos for the 
largest genuine selection avad- 
anie 3oa Hpgngale RtL NWS. 
Ol 2t>7 7671. Free catalogue. 
KCMSTEOB, 2 beauuild grands. 
Good prior tor giock sole. Must- 
cfar. iislramaiu. Trt. 01-586 


and rrrondliioned Quality a. 
rrasonoble pores 326 Brignlon 
Ra . S Croydon 01688 3613 


DUTCH BARGE ICO fi long, by 
opnrox it rt beam, gd cond 
Ihroughout. snai* engine Ripe 
lor com- £35.000 ono For 
more details Irk 0272 > 739646 


ML 14 vrars trek* 
oood host t amity last 5 weeks 
July exchange t9B7 TH. Mr 
Fridman >OlOi 3361 488342 


£19.95 100A 

Lambswooi V net l - Stubun 
Coll Shots from C2T 60 - 9 Ry- 
i uer Ctadiuie Irons £138 - Jim 
Former Golf 6 Leisure. Oudd- 
inqsUKi Rd West. Edinburgh 
031 661 4301 Callers only. 


central Loudon from £325 pw 
Ring Town H*e Apts 37S 3433 


MCI. cnamung ipac bedhl m w- 
eganl auiH Bkxwaoury OL 
Own Mione. Shard KAB. writ 
prof taay LdOpw Inc 3>2 771 1 . 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 

wHl esiab introduclory service 
Pise lei lor oppr. 01-989 5491. 
313 Bromplofi Rood. SW3 
HWHCATE nr lube. Urge sunny 
rm. ch. w. alMClunrftc .£4Bpw 
eXCL IH Ol 883 5290 
share Large room. All ladllPes. 
£130 pan Inc. Ol 267 9993 
SWlft. M MT. stvarrhouM. 
O R L«6 pw excL 2239160 
oner 6pm. 

Wft Own roan la Urge luxury 
house in fluwt square near tutor 
£89 00 pw mcl- 01-387 1699 


TUfOSU TW that perfect holldaai 
won sunny days A carefree pis 
Ideal Spring Suntmec-TumslaB 
Travel. Ol 373 *41 1. 


snW Bin 

Jflburo/HH L3C0 £*B> 

Narebi £220 £X5 

C*ro £130 £200 

Uaas £235 H3S 

Oeflam £230 F3« 

Bjopto* £195 £330 

OBBil £420 

Ata fata Tnmri LM 
152/1S8 Dtgefll SL IF1 
Tft: #1-OTKS)«/7/S 
L3f A Enx* BcotantP Wdam 


a, s. PACffK 




s, RSSiSga 

-to ' M era 31 HR. 37.ia JBB - Ott 



01 441 

A^arm 73202115 £89 

Akjan* 5 £.7.13/6 £109 

Corid 306. 12/5 EB9 

Corfu ia,i3,i6j6 nos 

Crete 30/5 123/6 £109 

Crete 505.10 15/S £119 

Wwtet 286 4.* lit £109 

MB 316 4.7.14/6 £109 

Greek 6les 18.156 09 

Uenoica 30/5 2066 C1Q9 

Fights ftgm Galwlck. Manchester 
and other mons (subi re skips 
and a«L| Superb seeoon of 
vBs/ApL smari tnerefy hotel b/b 
Bccom u £iO-£4fl extra per tne*. 
me Appropnatt tratEfers. Martfap 
sarwee ere. Delate warn phone 
/aetti card boofc m gs 

Tefc Ifooefcesta 051 834 503 
Tet SheRWt 0742 331100 
Tel: LandOB OT 251 5*56 
ATOL 203* 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

■ Fast, expert, high-tech 
service- Free w or ldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
• up to 60% discount* 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

Immunisation. Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Hap » Book Shop 

^TrtertkaTrmrf kxtn' 

42-48 Earis Court Road 
London W8 6EJ 
Long-Maul 01-603 1515 
Europe/ USA 01-537 5400 
Ist/BusinCM 01-938 3444 

MS* - Pcrtrrt cLmaie. (abukxa 
wnanparts. superb ipotL un- 
luraN'd wine. Fantaur bargain 
prlrn lar May and June* oeps. 
BUpoi Lines Travel. 

01 785 22CO 

IS days £440. 4 June. 2 Jtriy 
Greece 16 days Mm £360 7 
.ww. 30 AuainL IS SrpL De- 
Irilh ErrodUh C«pediU«t&. Ol- 
870 0151 >24 Hrs*. 

June. 2 July. 1130 mr io> Also 
Corru fngnts 16 days r June. (5 
August £89 KPC I4X- 01-870 

Camaras on nnnK-naK 

in Europe ISA 6 moM desnna- 
!lor& DWomal Travel 01 730 
2201. AST A I AT A ATOL 


Bene Travel. Trl 01 3856414. 

1 Travetwne. AM*. AtoL 

MALAGA. FARO. Lowest Cares 
01 73S 8191. AIM 1893. 

o w £395 rtn £645 Auckland 
o w £420 rtn £77*. Jobury 
o w £264 rtn £470 Lot Ang> 

in o w ci 9? nn £380. London 
Fligbl Centre 01-370 e>332. 


New York £2*9. LA £329. To- 
ronto £229. JtHng £419. 
Nairobi £309 Sydney £639 
Auckland £7*9. Donate 130 
Jerrayn Slrtd. Ol 839 7144 

Last minute fbghto & holidays 
from GaiwKJi >nd avail e* 
Man) <09231 T71Q66 >04221 
78999 T>msway Hobdays 
ABTA.ATOL 1107. 

LATIN AME RICA, low rod 
nights eg RIO £485. UN 
£*85 nn. Also Snub Croup 
Holiday Journeys irg Peru 
from £3501 JLA 01-7*7-3108 

L-SA. S. America. Mid and For 
East. S Ainca- Tray vale. *8 
Margaret Street. Wl Ol 580 
2928 (Visa Accepted! 

Ms YORK Miami LA. Cheapest 
fares on malar US scheduled 
earners. Also Irapaotlanuc 
charters & nrehts to Canada. Ol 
58* 7371 AST A 

ROUND WORLD £795 econ. Chib 
fr £1699. First Ir £2035 Syd- 
ney fr £689 rtn. Cotamnua. 
Cullers Gardens. IO Devonshire 
Souare. EC2. 01 929 4261 
pean destinations Volexander 
Ol *02 4262-0062 ART A 
61004 ATOL 1960 


Richmond Travel. 1 Duke 9 
Richmond AST A 01-940 4073. 
■niiar LICENSED & Banded 
low case flight eroertr Europe 
6 w wide Freedom Hobdays 
Ol 741 4686 ATOL *32 LATA 
Flights from mast UK airparts. 
Many Ule special oilers Faldor 
Ol 471 00*7 ATOL 1640 
TURKEY. Lair availabtlrfy 3.10 
June Ir £189 Turkish DeINhi 
Holidays Ol 891 6469. ATOL 

AUCAKTE. Faro. Malaga Me 
DUnond Travel ATOL 1783. 
01-581 4641. Horsham 68S41 
MMSaE. NZ. Sooth Africa. 
U S A- Hong Kong Best Fares. 
01-493 7775 ABT4. 

Europe ."Worldwide. Tel: Ol- 
629 0690 Steepweat ATOL 
DISCOUNTS lit /Economy act- 
to Try is M. FLIGHT 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 


Pm <89 N rORK CIM 
Frankfurt £6S IA/SF £335 
Lages £330 k — is £198 
Nam* £325 Singapore £«20 
Jotuig SMB Bangkok £335 
Caro £305 Katmtnau £**0 
OB/Bao E33S Rangoon £350 
Hoio Kong £518 f B iriB a £425 

Ante Brfte ar Rtepfaea 
21 Wafas tL Lute m 

mbr urn was wmifflwof 





























t* swaa ag«B7 


ont tm 

SYW€Y 099 E645 

JORUHG 046 £43) 

TEL AVW £99 tin 

«W YORK £139 H65 

LOS NNGELES — £192 £3® 


TORONTO-- £162 £265 

01-370 6237 


Nairobi- Jo - Bur®. Cairo. Du- 
tai. IsunbuL Singapore. KJL 
DrfbL Bangkok. Hong Kong. 
Svdoey. Europe. 4 The Ameri- 
can Ram in go Travel. 3 New 
Quebec Sl Martrie An* Lon- 
don WIH 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saumtay HX00-13L00 


Nairobi. Jo’Burg. Cairo. Dobai. 
Istanbul Singapore. K-LDeBu. 
Bangkok. Hong Koa*. Sydray. 
Europe. <& The AmoieaL 
FTewage TrascL . 

78 Sfcaimbery Amwe 
Leodoa WIV 7DC. 
01-402 9217/01-439 0102 
Open Saturday 10.08- I3J8 


Alcanto 6/6 tr £85 
Garona 30/5 fr £71 
Matega 6/5 fr £89 
Tenwrfe 1/8 fr £118 
Herofckon 3/6 Ir £125 
Moat European 
Dors ring n ow 

on 01-723 6984 

ECUADOR TRAVEL ap«nali*l* to 
Lalm Amcnca A Europe air 
lares Trl 01 417 7534 ASTA 
GREE C E. CANARITt lowest 
tores Con 8*99* s Travel «■ 
736 8191. A1PI 1893. 
ITO'ML £618 Perth £5*5 AB 
motor camera ip ADS N2. 01 
8*4 7571 ABTA 
£406. Ol 884 7371 A0TA 


CXUXIMqr 12 berth ui w id 
molar vac hi 2 wka June 3 17 
£366 Pb tor (IN. Whole bool 
ova viable mner w eeks from 
£1000 fV*e W.spgrts. h/h. 01 
326 1005. AMI 3091. 


TAKE TORE OFF to Portv Am- 
sterdam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Rente. Lausanne The 
Hague. DoBUn. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Throne Time on. 3a. 
Chester Close. London. SWix 
7BQ Ol 338 8070 
CVPHUB June. July August I or 
2 whs Hotels 'Apts. Scheduled 
ms- Pun World Hoodatt Open 

Monday Ol 736 2*64 


ITT TM Beauufufiy 
furnished house. Invnacmatr 
randdlon far short Id. 3 bed- 
rodffK Wim bathroom, phone, 
dtotv help. 10 nuns tram Artec 
vacuum, pnotos avouXbOO.OO 
pan Tel 01761 7078 <evens> 



House wim pool and w . surfer 
avail Aug Superb potman at 
waires edge. Excel harbour 
« «ews 6tos 6 2nd house avail 
nearby also sips 6. TeL 01 730 

taverrvoi. ail dates avail 
May June speciato. n«gh season 
from £128. OHitc Holidays. 01 
309 7070 A 0622 677071 or 
<022 677076 <24 ItTSl AM* 

1 Puerto Pa th wa. beau- 
tdul mountaffiL 1 bed (La). pod. 
pauo. 94ns. nr sea. mud datev 
ir £80 P* Inc. Ol 948 6900 



SOUTH OF FRANCE, private sU 
las au with swimming oooK. 
some aval lability August at 
1 1.200 LI .800 Wkly Palmer 6 
Parker 1 04 9-481) 6411 


ISLE O* BRILL Surnmer cancefla 
Him ComtoftHM 6 c s me 
bedim 3 btnrm house tonuc 
locrntoe surroundings rr routo 
to tooa From ca DO gw. Broth 
9 Sri wood Plate 6W7 30 Q 01 
J70 5224 or 078686 252 
ARGYLL Weu Goost KIMyro 
Very romfonaolr lannhouse. 
sunny position, sandy beam. 
IMIUS4 rtc Junr. July. Scpfrm 

her. TeL «0683«J 215- 



trad hoe. Breathtaking vtows. 
huge lei i aces, tea 10 nuns 
dm*. Sl 0*4 . 6. Tel: 07977 202 

™ £139 1 wk. 

£169 2 wka lor a beauUfol villa 
nr ute sea 18 A 16 June £x 
Gatwick. Open Monday Ol 736 
2464 P»n World Holidays. 

accum fully me or villa rrnUI 
only. Car Hire arrgd Corfu or 
Algarve M 063878 646 OSL 
ATOL 231 

RHOMSSprctal offer May 21 Inc 
htx apt hols £149 p p. also 
28 6 A 4/6 Tel: 81raina 0706 

GREECE LTtopoa Blands, cheap 
ntghtvv-uto rental* etc. Zrm Hoi 
•days. 01-434 1647. AtOi AMP 


tels h character pensloov 
Holiday Maud* 01 -836-4383 


END. Indulge yourself... .you 
r H A weekend bi Ven 

tew. Florence, or Rome Eat 
well, drink welL shop wed and 
forge* about EndUmrs depress, 
ing weather. Or s u tami e a city 
weekend with a week by the 
sea. Free brochure from Magic 
ol Holy. Deal ST. 47 Shepherds 
Bush Green. W»2 BPS Trt: 01 
749 7449 (24 hra service) 

cany. Inland and on the mart, 
vines + pools. Resort viBasBU. 
061 833 9095 or Ol 904 2207 






votes & Apartments from 
£196 per weefc- 

Cafl Now 

0923 674310 

LUXURY VBJAS vi Bat with 
shared pools, apartmfatt and 
Hotel accent available through- 
out the season ♦ nignis from aB 
UK Airports. Trt 0243 776211 
(Z* hrsi Portugal Oonnecttoos 


Holidays of dfcutnction Mr Ihe 
very tow. Trt: 01-491 0802. 73 
Sl. James'! Street. SW1 

VALE DO LORO. 3 bedim villa 
with port. Avail May - Oct. Ring 
01 880 4612. 

ALGARVE, villas with pooto The 
Vina Agency. 01-82* 8474. 


ihe grot to our l a ato f u fl y 
routoord cottage tor T. m 
grounds of Regency houae. Goo- 
venaefiL yet secluded. Dart- 
mouth *888 'RUCttawfOB 639. 

CXORNWALL S C from June 
Quirt fanohovoe (sips 8i A 
Lodge rodape >61 Tennis. Com 
Sea Moots /Grtf. 1 05034) 261 


I Small ho*rt. Jo 
6 Tony Jeoning* offer good 
Mod & retL Red ur Sensor Cro- 
tons. Parkland* Hrtrt Rutoton 
Crescent. Tel: <02021 22629 


Choose from our unary 3211 
Fatal We Bareboat from 

London - Thame*, atorro 6. or. 
*8H Rampart gidppered charter 
from LvmtngMti.SrtenL deep* 
6 7 «r crew. Brochure and de- 
tolls from neehease Marine 
otttaton. Tel: 01-238 1942. 


MVER*. fPB*. 3 rote w 

moor Snprthdff aunwinewith 
OoT^-n xim 6-7 July A StvL 
Cl SO RW Trt CBM 820866 


N TORK MOMta m vsM. lovny 
oM fannhuuM- nr n*«r S»w- 
■rang. InMt. OMfiw 16 AIM 
. 16 Srpl Trt. 006 383273. 


KTMKL Tctno* L6.7S ph. 
MTTBiamb US to £10,500. 29 
kttatoorx SI- Utatooo Wl. Ot- 
493 0043. 


TUKIT urgrm rertorerncM re 
a inred for rook -hoses lor B 
gureb on oon Know Mibng 
along me Turman hMonerra- 
neon coon wim two «w 
crew. Summer xmosoo Mu* 
like bool* and peegte and food’ 
TrMMne- 089274 256 OT 

00926 5899. 

Laroe Mayfwr muaraM wim 
kuoerb Anglo Frencn food 
ptwmr 493 4179 1 l*Ht - 7PTO 

87 Hr gen! Strert.LOfidon wi. 
Trt 439 6S34.UK Ovrrefa*. 
Aho m-hclgo dam* lernp gre 



TWO WUPIM warned to rook 
and as*«*i in Scofthn lodge 
In* ernenhtac. Slarunt 12m 
Aug for up to 2 nwuts Mr* 
Sm iltM- -OsOoumr Thorpe 

Mandevtue Goan. Nr Banbury. 
Oxen. Trt. 10296. 711021. 

•ARNES VR.LAOE Large 2 rod 
maaonetle. uglM studio loange. 
alcove study. kH 6 hath. gch. 
£76X100. 01 B7B S391. 


SOUTH SUTTON * bed. Edwardi- 
an detached home. *ecJ rear 
gdn. south aspect, dbl garagr- 
CMter* on £136XX10. View to- 
day. Ol 642 3316 



F«r ale 300 Sa M m tta Spa 
vrfige of Bagni San Rtapo 
near Chonoau ft Mauri 
AmaU. Garoge. cellais. caiml 
haem. tNepaone etc. laid ft 
(ten grow hx 10.000 SOM 

For alhn Mag 810 30577 
|72t17 {Dfttaff Nriirt- 


LXSCALA Exctaedve 2 bed apt 
FuDy rtn. Own Pool. Beaches 
£16.750. Trt: 0773 203362 


GOLP OT* Altos C Reg 86‘ Spec 
4.S0O mis. 3 door, iterco. FSH 
CIJOOO ono eves 0279 816431 


SOO E. IMO Mk saver Met. 
Many extras Inc. Pioneer com- 
pact disc £26300- Sun 0932 
872104 TOC Ol 7S6 1477. 



KNfM sapphere of CcUpftm 
on laaca or pintose ftanoiwto 
josariaan ft Diantenaxe. 

Ptew ptim lor free Inendly 

0742 730011. 





for £79 Inc. No extras. 
Capitol Company Services 
Lid. 1.-3 Leonard Sl 
EC 2A 4AQ Trt: 01-608 

+ W2 

Low premium 24tir ac- 
cess + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices Inct 
phone/ telex /fax. Fr 

01-839 4808 


Q Have you ever bought 1 of 30 leading stocks and ihe one 
you bought goes down while the others go up? 

O Have you ever felt the stock market woujd gp up on a 

particular day. but were unable to capitalise on your feelings? 

If so, stock index options can be the solution. 

With Limited Risk, and a high profit potential, these options offer 

Ibe ultimate in Speculating on the daily movements of 
the stock market. Call or Write: 



Ames House. 6 Duke of York Street. London SWl 6 LA Tel: 01-839 259$ 



The National trust is seeking to appoint a pan lime 
recepiionui/tdephonist to work ai us London office. 

The successful candidate *ill act fa receptionist, dealing 
with visitors, answering enquiries, recnnuig members, 
selling guide books, and assisting in maintaining semiRiy. 
and operate the switchboard. 

A pleasant telephone manner and outgoing, helpful 
personality essential. An interest m the National Trust 
would be an advantage 

Hourv25 hours per week. Monday to Friday 12.30pm to 

Salary Range: £4.296 - £4.848 per annum. 

Please write for details and application form, enclosing 
sae. to: 

Miss Elizabeth AJlmzik- Personnel Section. The National 
Trust. 36 Queen A tines Gate. London SWIH 94S. 


Looking tv a bn£ri w>i ceu- 
o») presenan PA warn an 
mitres m an ana 500c ryjstj 
floSs Owommy » learn a 
treoe. Saury neoeBue 

Tefc 01 499 5120. 

ui mirrtainRH-nb. I «-kl 
central London, rroutrr* rou 
colwl venool leaver In* aeeounls 
ana general efnre work, m of 
June Mw luve knowledge ol 
classical itiista Ruiq Ol-BSo 


£15000 £20000 Etprrf 
encro it> anniina jM layoii' 
Ixnnnun Con) MIKe admin - 
isirauon skins ana Aiurational 

background evMnlul Bin* 
Turutav on Ol -»93 867 q Of af 
krr 7pm 01-599 4377 Duke Si. 
f»e< Cun* 


English French shorthand iyp 
mg rrguireg by Belgravia 
commodiiy mnrhann clove 10 
Victoria vUdon to work m Puvv 
ofilcr Good IkPtna vprros and 
iriek abriiii* Good sours. f)*-pls 
to BOX H2I 

<or Artnnrciv 4 

Dewgnrcs Permanent 6 tempo- 
ral > posilton* AMSA Sb-xUlrJ 
Re* Cons Ol 73* 0632 



For an international trading and finance 
company in Bond Street. Wl. 

Bnghi reliable person wim initiative lo assist in an aspects 
of our small but rapidly growing company. Good secre- 
tarial stalls required with knowledge of telex and word 
processing, also good telephone manner essential. Some 
book-keeping experience useful. Long hours will not go 

£9.500 -v according to experience. 

Reply lo Box GSS. 

No agenocs 



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excellent condition Meticu- 
lously maintained 75.000 


TeL 01 4S6 8738 days 
328 1922 eves/w’ends 

RKIUT S2 1962 auto- PAS. 
sand.' sable. MOT rtc. £3 9SO 
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£475 pw evctudlng expense* 
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Required. Ol -49 1 411*5 (24 Krsi 


844 LUX 84 Mod A Reg G Red. 
ESP PDM 215 60 s Fog* Ski 
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DM WBX 0 1978 

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of young well educated peo- 
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YOUH8. ARTICULATt mils prey 
pie. Chancery Publications will 
help you lo commission ram- 
nvis ol £190 • £600 pw 
Londoners call John Walters on 
Trt. 01 831 1131 
liator Required lor Holland 
Park firm specialising in Lon 
don and Country house In lu>« 
Prints Ol 221 1404. 


ITED by order of Ihe HIGH 
COL RT Haled ihr 1 2th Nos rmoer 

I O ff? 

Brighton Rond. Sooth Croydon 
has been appotnled Lnjuidalor af 
tne above-named Company wilh- 
oul a committee of inspection. 

Dared 2Qih May 1986 

of THE HIGH COURT dated ihe 
join July 1982 Neville ErtJey 
F C A of 332. Brighton Road. 
Sou Ih Croydon ha* been appomi 
ed Liquidator ol Iheabose-named 
company wlihoul a Commune of 
Ins perl ion 

Dated 20TO May 1986 



Iw Groves 


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nromnwndrt R-»|i IsKh a 
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BARBICAN. Ben lobnson Hv 
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ST. GEORGES SQ. SWl. Superb 
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TELEPHONE (Dajiimc i 


s izn 


■ Pi- ju «li Jwi.n* lO-f- 


3-w - 

5 -4 

2 - 






: und 







May 24: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales today received at 
Buckingham Palace Mr Robert 
Smith (Director of the United 
Kingdom Committee for UNI- 
CEF). His Excellency the Suda- 
nese Ambassador {Mr Saved 
Ibrahim Mo framed .Air). Mr Bob 
GeHdof of the Band Aid Trust 
and the “Sport Aid" athlete Mr 
Omar Khalifa, as part of the 
United Kingdom's participation 
in “Sport Aid" and “The Race 
Against Time". 

May 24; Princess Alice Duchess 
of Gloucester. Colonel-in-Chief. 
Royal Hussars (PWO). today 
visited the Regiment in 
FallingsbosteL West Germany. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Mrs Michael Harvey and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland were in attendance. 

A thanksgiving service for the 
life of Air Commodore W.i.C. 
(Charles) Inness will be held on 
Saturday. June 28, at 2.30 pm at 
St Clement Danes. Suand. 

A meeting to commemorate the 
life and work of Professor Louis 
Arnaud Reid will be held at the 
University of London institute 
of Education. 20 Bedford Way, 
London. WC1, on Thursday. 
June 19. 1986, at 2.30 pm. All 
are welcome. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Man Busby. 77; Mr Peter 
Cushing. 73; Mr Roy Dotrice, 
61; Sir David English. 55; Lord 
Gridley, 80. Mr Justice Kenneth 
Jones. 65: Sir Patrick Kingsley, 
78; Mr Alec McCowen, 61; Mr 
Robert Motley. 78; Sir Charles 
O'Halloran. 62; Sir Evelyn 
Shuckbutgh. 77: Mr David Ste- 
vens, 50; Wing Commander 
K.M. Stoddart. 72; Mr Glen 
Turner, 39; Sir Frederick White, 



Mr J.CJ». Banks 
and Miss FJ_ Btockey 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mr 
and Mrs J.R. Banks, of Harro- 
gate. Yorkshire, and Fiona, 
daughter of Wing-Commander 
and Mrs J.W, * Blockcy, of 
Compton. Surrey. 

Mr J.W. BraMon 
and Miss J.V. Wilmoth 
The engagement is announced 
between James, elder son of Mr 
Peter Braxton and the late Mrs 
Braxton, of Rushlake Green. 
East Sussex, and Joanna Vic- 
toria. eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Edward Wilmoth, of 
Robensbridgc. East Sussex. 

Mr B.R. Clayton 
and Miss S. E. Vernon 
The engagement is announced 
between Benjamin, son of Mr 
and Mrs Frank Clayton, of 
Edgbaston. Birmingham, and 
Susan, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Roger Vernon, of Edgbaston. 

Mr J.M. Clifton 
and Miss K.E. Wanklyn 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr AJ. 
Clifton, of i wickenham. and 
Kaye, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.N. Wanklyn, of Murrabit, 
Victoria, Australia. 

Mr J.F Jones 
and Miss V J. Hambleton 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Mr and 
Mrs John Jones, of Chariton 
Kings. Cheltenham, and Vic- 
toria. daughter of the Rev 
Ronald and Mrs Hambleton. of 
Western-under-Penyard. Ross- 

Mr D. O'Connell 
and Miss C.M.M. Kiernan 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs Daniel O'Connell, 
of Derrvnanc. Kerry, and West- 
minster. London, and Cath- 
erine. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
James Kiernan. of Blackrock. 

Mr J.B. Roth 
and Dr S.F. Gessler 
The engagement is announced 
between John Benedict, son of 
Mr and Mrs Gabriel Roth, of 
Chevy Chase. Maryland, and 
Susan Francesca, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Jan K. Gessler. of 

The Rev D.R. Tbnrburo-Hoelin 
and Miss F.M. Kent 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr John 
Thurbum. of Buenos Aires, and 
Mrs David Huelin. and stepson 
of Mr David Huelin. of Oxford, 
and Fiona, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Patrick Kent, of 
Harrold. Bedford. 

Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge 

Old members of Corpus Chrrsti 
College. Cambridge, who have 
not received the I9S5 Corpus 
Association Letter, are invited 
to write to the bursar's secretary 
at the college- 

NevillHoIt - 

A reunion has been arranged for 
Saturday. June 14. for old boys 
who left the school between 
1964 and J97S. Further 
information is available from 
the Headmaster’s Secretary. 
Nevill Holt. Market 
Harborough {Tel: 085883-234). 

St John’s School, 

St John's SchooL Leatherhead, 
has awarded the following 

Major Scholarships: D B Trout 

toownsentl. Lnum rhmOj.M N Coo- 
per (Dane HUJ. Oxshotu. T A Morgan 
iDawnMDd. . Lwrtnertieadi. 

Exhibitions: A It W SpraRe (Rfeley 
Court. RlutevL -T W ttumnbmi (Hall 
Grove. Baqsholi. M. R Thome 
(Downsend. M R Heard 

(ShrcwsBury House. SurbKonf. - R M 
War bun cm (Danes HUI. Oxshotlt 
Music Scholarships; P R J Noble 
iPUgmn*s School. Winchester^ 

Music Exhibitions: B H Kavanagh 
(Dou-nsend- LeaUterhead). T j Welch 
i The priors-. BansteM). M D Rudd 
(Shrewsbury House. SurMlsn). 

Stowe School 

Scholarship examination results 
for 1986: 

Top Scholarship: James K S Macken- 
zie (EJstrre School. Woolhamptiml. 
Major Scholarships: Marco S Salon! 
rSJ Marines School. Norm wood). 
Angts C H. Watson (Bibon Grange. 
Rugby i. 

Scholarships: Kristen D R CaBow 
iPapMewick. Ascot*. Edward A G 
srililinoton i King's House SchooL 
Richmond i. 

Exhibition: John K E Law rweUesiey 
House.- Broads lain). 

Roxburgh Bursary: Darren S Bev- 
eridge (Clifton Hall School. 
Newbridge V . . 

Muw Scholarships: Giles C E Under- 
wood (Westminster Abbey Choir 
School). David J Hicken (VUh Form) 
(TeRenhali College. Wcdvertiampton;. 
Music ExhiUUoos: M James Snyder 
(Beech wood park. St Albans). C 
Edward A Wright iBirtcdote SchooL 
Sheffield ) 

William Holme’s 
Grammar School 

The Governors of William 
Hulme’s Grammar School have 
appointed Mr Patrick D. Briggs. 
Senior House Master at Bedford 
School, to be the Head Master of 
William - Hulme's Grammar 
School in succession to Mr PA. 
Filleut who retires in August 

Clifford Longley 

Watershed for Catholic opinion 

One of the great “iis" of the 
ecumenical movement is. **£f 

the Roman Catholic Church 
ever makes proper room in its 
structures for lay opinion”. 

Doctrine a pan, the exclu- 
sion of the laity from all but 
the lowest level of participa- 
tion in the church's institu- 
tional affaire is the one issue 
which disturbs the other 
churches most The surprise 
therefore of the latest survey 
of lay feeling in the Roman 
C&tholic community is’ that 
though they share some of this 
frustration, they are such a 
happy loL Morale is high, and 
vitality too. 

There is no national repre- 
sentative body for lay people 
in the Catholic Church, nor is 
there much of a local structure 
to build on. Most parishes 
have some son of elected or 
appointed council, but they 
tend to absorb energy rather 
than radiate it- 

Most dioceses are run exclu- 
sively by the dergy. Somehow, 
nevertheless, the church has 
found the means to engage the 
commitment of its members, 
and bring them on towards 
Christian maturity, without 
offering them participation in 
church administration. 

In other churches this par- 
ticipation is commonly re- 
garded as the key to greater 
commitment at the religious 
level. The Catholic Chinch’s 
experience suggests that could 
be wrong. Leaders of the other 
churches would find plenty to 
admire and envy in the sum- 
mary. published last week, of 
Catholic lay attitudes. It 
makes the .Anglican laity, for 
instance, look a most disgrun- 
tled and down-hearted lot. 

A very unusual characteris- 
tic of the Catholic Church in 
the United Kingdom is its 

reliance on lay journalism, far 
more so than any other 
church. It is as if the Catholic 
Herald, The Universe, and The 
Tablet served some of the 
functions of district, diocesan 
-and national synods in the 
other churches. 

Rather belying its reputa- 
tion as priest-ridden, the Cath- 
olic community accepts that 
this most powerful means for 
circulating ideas round its 
blood-stream should be under 
lay control, entirely beyond 
the reach of clergy and hierar- 
chy (except that they are 
welcome to write letters for 

The official church's only 
sanction would be a refusal to 
let such papers be sold after 
Mass on Sundays. So from 
time to time some eccentric 
priest or other takes it into his 
h«iri to ban the Catholic 
Herald from the premises. 

But during the great contro- 
versy over the papal encyclical 
on birth control in 1968 the 
main Catholic papers faithful- 
ly reflected both rides of the 
argument, and their own lead- 
er comments fell a long way 
short of enthusiasm for the 
Pope's line. It was all good 
honest brave journalism. 

Some controversy has been 
generated by the announce- 
ment of the proposed sale of 
The Universe, with a weekly 
circulation of about 130,000, 
to the Catholic Media Trust, 
an official agency of the 
Bishops’ Conference of En- 
gland and Wales. 

Various notable Catholic 
lay voices have been raised 
deploring the sale on the 
grounds that it would turn 
Britain’s largest religious 
weekly, now owned by the 
group which publishes the 
Liverpool Post, into an official 

church newspaper, tied to a 
“party line”, litile more than a 
mouth-piece for the bishops. 

Subsequent details of the 
proposed arrangements indi- 
cate that the church is sensi- 
tive to this criticism: there will 
be six directors of the new 
company the trust is setting 
up. only one of whom will be a 
clergyman; and there will be 
ten trustees, equally clerical 
and lay. Mr Clive Thornton is 
one of the distinguished lay 
Catholics, from the media and 
from business, who have 
agreed to join the board. And 
the articles of the new compa- 
ny are expected to contain 
guarantees of editorial 

The deeper level of the 
controversy is not about 
whether an editor in such a 
set-up will fed free from 
pressure to toe an official Une. 
The pressure is there anyway, 
as is the will to resist xL It is 
about the subtle and evolving 
relationship between lay opin- 
ion in the Catholic Church 
and the church's formal teach- 
ing, hs official opinion. 

It is yet to be properly 
resolved whai that relation- 
ship should be, which is part 
of the reason why the church 
has been so hesitant about 
giving lay opinion a formal 

According to one theory, 
Catholic lay opinion cannot 
and should not ever be at 
variance with official Catholic 
teaching, the magisteriunt-To 
discover what a lay Catholic 
thinks (on some religious mat- 
ter) it is enough to refer to the 
position taken by the magis- 
terium. But it is evidently 
much more complicated than 

Catholic theology recog- 

nizes the sensus fidehum, the 
faith of the people, as an 
objective source of Catholic 
faith, in connection with 
which foe example of the 
Arian controversy in the 
- fourth century- is ofteo_cited. 
Then it was most of foe 
bishops who deviated -from 
Christolpgical orthodoxy, the 
common people who did not. 

The notion of magisterium 
appears now to have been 
truncated into whatever view 
currently prevails in the vari- 
ous Vatican departments. Lay 
participation in forming the’ 
magisterium is treated as 
purely nominaL - - 

Lacking any adequate sys- 
tematic explanation of the 
right relationship between the 
two, but recognizing - die 
sensus fidelium at work, per- 
haps - that it cannot be amply 
described, the Catholic com- 
mumty has shown much sense 
in having the organs of jay 
opinion totally independent of 
the official structure. 

That forces Catholic offi- 
cialdom to face in feet what it 
cannot quite accommodate m 
theory, that lay Catholics do 
not always think what they 
“ought” to think. Freedom of 
speech and the rights of con- 
science are relatively . new 
principles in Roman Catholi- 
cism: the church would not 
now formally deny them, but 
has yettoedme completely to 
terms with them. 

The new a r rang e m ents for 
■the ownership of The Universe 
may mart a farther step 
forward in that process of 
integrating such ideas; or it 
could- ana here is the danger 
which has caused alarm - 
increase the temptation to 
smother the laity, thereby 
setting back the clock. ~ 


Mrs Anne Mnstoe, Headmis- 
tress of St. Felix School, 
SouthwoU, who is to be chair- 
man of the committee. of. the. 
Isdependent Schools Informa- 
tion : Service in succession to 
Mrs Pauline Mathias. . 


British Property Federation 
Mr John S. Brown, President of 
the British Property Federation, 
presided at the a nn u al luncheon 
held at the Hilton Hotel -on 
Thursday. May 22, 1986. Hie 
guest of honour was. Mr John 
Patten, Minister of State for 
Housing,.. Urban Affaire and 
Construction. Other guests in- 
cluded the Lord Mayor of 
Westminster and the Chairman 
of the Stock Exchange. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

» a Boa + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lima) 

Announcements, authenticated fry the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may te sent ia 

P0 BOX 484 
- - . Vmjiaia Street 
Loudon El 

or telephoned (by telephone sute- 
ribets only) m 01-4*1 302* 

Announcements can be recased by 
telephone between 9.0Tum and 
5.30pm Monday to Fnday. on Satur- 
day between O.OQam and 12 noon. 
Ml 4*n Ortf) For publication the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 


etc on Court and Social Rape ft ■ fine 
♦ 15* VAT. 

Court and Sooal Pa^ announce- 
ments can not he am * ‘ 
lek-phooc. Enquiries ux Bl. 
w Her IQJOamL or send, itx 

I, toil, lodn El. 

He that natvein WTUI wtw mm 
nwi ae *oe. tHV a RnnHimn 
-- - -ot-fook-- shall br OrMroyed.- 
Prmnt» 13 20 


BATLY on May TUi at Newcasttr- 
upon Tstte to Julia nice Cults) and 
Peter a daughter. 

BUB8ERS on 2 1st May 1986. to Sarah 
and Richard, twin sons Joel 
Nath aniel and Owen Daniel. 

CHESHIRE on 23rd May to Bernadette 
(nee Dixon) and Chmtoptier Robert, 
a son. Scofl Robert Anthony, brother 
for Joanna. 

CQMMOU.Y On 20th May. 1986. to 
Joan ini* Fttzgeraidi and Gerard a 
son. Guv Fitzgerald, a brother for 
Thoma s. 

HARRIS on 22 Mas- to fan and Sue 
(nte Firkins), a daughter . Tamara 

PARNELL - On May 23rd at Che West 
London Hospital, to Carrie inee 
Samengo-Tumeri and Edward, a 
s on, a brother for £ntUy. 

PATTERSON on 8th May 1986 at 
Whitting) on Hospital. Highgate to 
Hard oiee WOsooi and Paul, a son. 
Alasatr Paul, a brother lor PMllpna 

May. to Lou and cues, a daughter 
ana Mary. 

REES On May 23. al S( Heller Hospi- 
tal. to Cathy and Merv a daughter 
Victoria, slater for Tom. Basingstoke 
here we come 1 


COVER^ROWLEY On Saturday. 2«tfi 
May- 1986 at Ctwtm ou Oiwtti. 
Peter, younger son of Uie late David 
£ | )'J r are} Mrs. Marlon Cover, of 
Basham. Sussex, to Ma ry. daughter 

Eneen Crowley, at Baddingum. 

ELLIS# ALL The marriage took place 
In BramhaV oo May 24th 1986 be- 
tween Christine Janet, the elder 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. EUts 
at BramhalL Cheshire and Christo- 
pher Gerard, eldest son of Mr. and 
Mrs. P.F HaR of Sydney. Australia. 


DULAKE On 22nd May peacefully af- 
ter a short Illness. George Herbert at 
Woodstock Close. Oxford: Funeral 
service 3.00 -pm on Tuesday 3rd 
June, at Oxford Crematorium. £n- 
ouirtes to WtU Case A Partners. 
Salisbury 0722 24389. 

FEARN1XY John Thorn (Fonig) of- 
fice retired) suddenly on May 22nd 
wed 66. Service and interment of 
ashes I lam on Saturday May 3lsi at 
St. Peters Church. Dtxton. Mon- 
mouth. No flowers please, donations 
if desired to The UK Pro&pedive Dia- 
betes Study. Diabetes Research 
Laboratory. RatkJyffc infirmary. 

FRENCH Major Andrew Foxtrofl MBE 
at crosmaglen. dear and devoted son 
of Dorothy and Arthur. Drother of 
Jane. Funeral Service 2.00 pm. Fri- 
day 30th May. Aldrtngham Church. 
Suffolk, if desired, donations to Roy- 
al Anglian Benevolent Fund. Gtbrada 
Barracks. Bury St. Edmonds. 

HART Edward Watson MBE. M.D~ 
F.R.CP.. late Paediatrician of the 
Middlesex Hospital died peacefully 
at Cheltenham General Hospital. On 
Friday 23 May. husband of Peggy, 
father of Hazel and Mandte and 
grandfather of Sonhte and David. Fu- 
neral service at Alderton Parish 
Church on 30 May at 11.00 am. 
Family Rowers only, but if desired 
donations In Ueu may be made to the 
Intensive Care Unit Trust Fund. 
Cheltenham General Hospital. 

HIGGMS On May 23rd. 1986. Frank 
beloved husband of K1L loved father 
of Margaret and Janet and dearest 
grandfather of Matthew. Jo. Nei and 
Camilla. Funeral arrangements by C. 
E- Woofnough. Kafsworth. Suffolk. 

KEEUNS - On May 22nd 1986. sud- 
denly al home. Bernard Alfred, aged 
72. Loving and beloved husband of 
Mary, father of Jeremy and Tony, 
and grandfather of Angus. Emma. 
Bruce. Tracey. Row and Joanne. Fu- 
neral service at Chichester 
Crematorium at 3.00 nm on Friday 
30th May. Family dowers only 
please, dona boos h desired to r.n.i.b 
T alking Book Service. Mourn Pleas- 
ant. Wembley. Middx. 

KIMS On 21st May 1986. peacefully in 
the loving core of the staff of More- 
lon Hospital. Heather inee Boden- 
powcu) beloved wife of John and 
loving mother of Mkchaef and Timo- 
thy. Cremation private, interment of 
ashes at SL Mary's Church. Lower 
Swell. Slow-on-the-Wokf. cms. at 
2.30 pm Thursday. 29lh May. No 
flowers mu donations if desired to 
World Chief Guide Memorial Fund. 
12c Lyndhurst Road. Hampstead, 
London NWS No letters please. 

LAST -On May 19th 1986. peacefully 
at Weald Hall. Thamwood. Essex. 
Margaret Gwendoline Last. B.A. 
tOxonJ (known as Gweni. aged S3 
yean. Formerly of Strathmore. Mul- 
berry Green. Harlow. Essex. Funeral 
service at SI. Mary the Vlr^n 
Church. Matching, rew Hartow. on 
“Thursday S9th May al 1030 an. 
Family flowers drily please. All en- 
quires to Daniel Robinson and Sons 
Ltd- Telephone 0279 36990. 

LLOYD John Trevor. Architect, at Ids 
home in North wood oo May 32nd. 
aged 83. Friend for 78 yearn and 
dear husband for 56 years, of Grace 
Gwendolen, lev tng father of Trevor 
Owen (Toronto) and Hugh leuan 
(Barcelona) and member of Hammer- 
smith Welsh Pretoetertan Church 
(now united with Eating Green 
Church) under the leadership of the 
Rev. Dr. Francis Knoyte. Service at 
Breakespear Cremetarium 12.46 pm 
Wednesday May 28th. 

mryUES Cn*e Ridden) On May 22. 
at County Hospital Hereford. Eliza- 
beth (Betty) Mother of Dawn; Fiona. 
Clementina and Jean. Service si 
How Capte Church, at 1.45. on Fri- 
day 30th May . Flowers or donattora 
to the Church. 

Margaret aged 87 years- Beloved 
wife of Robin of The Old School 
House. Langwtck. Princes 
Rtsborougti. Mother of Mary. Hugh 
and Joyce. Grandmother of Char- 
lotte. Sarah. Ktrsty. Lucy. Ntcbotsx. 
Clare. Mark. Nigel. Hugh and Joan- 
na. Great -tsandmother of Juba and 
Alexander. Funeral private. Details 
or Memorial Service to be announced 

WttUara Edward (BO!) of 
Wamham. Sussex Adored husband 
of the late Martory and much loved' 
. brother of Christopher. Patricia, 
Bertie. Ham) are) the late Freddie 
and Gwen. Loving father of Marga- 
ret <and husband Howard) .and the 
tare Christopher. Beloved Pauw of 
■lacy. Julian. Joanna: Paul and Lind- 
say. Peacefully on 22nd May 1986 
.d9ed 86 years. Thanksgiving Service 
at St Margaret's Church. Wamham 
at 2.15 pm on Friday. 3oth May fol- 
lowed by cremation at GnUdfbrd 
Crematorium (family only). Ennui res 
to Pimnw Funeral Services. Char- 
ters. Mary Road. GutfdfortL Ta. 
Guildford 67394. 

VENN on May 23rd. Margaret Consta- 
ble. suddenly and peacefully. 
Beloved wife of Cyril and adored 
mother of Datum. Jean. Julian. 
Noel, and Peter. 

WILCOX Sir MalcotiD CBE. peacefully 
to London on Friday 23rd May. fol- 
lowing a short Ubiess. The Funeral 
Service anu the tntemient will take 
place at The Parish Church. SL Just- 
In-Rosetand. Cornwall on 
Wednesday 28th May at 3.00 «m. 
Faraity Bowers only Any land dona- 
tions should go. at his reouesL loThe 
Rectory Restoration Fund. SI. Jua- 
in-RosetareL Cornwall. A Memorial 
Service, to be held In London, will be 
announced at a later date. 


AYRB Margaret- A Service of Thanks- 
giving for her joyfUf We wU be held 
at 2.30 p m. Saturday June 71b in 
Uppingham Parish Church. Briniey 
Ayre and family are overwhelmed 
by toe very many letters received 
since Margaret's death. 


GOOWm George C-B.E_ died 26th 
May 1981. Always in my mousnts. 
Dof. * 

WAKEFORD Cecu Austin, m 'loving 
memory of my brother who died 13 
years ago today • ft. P- w. 

The Hon GS. Mood; 
and Mbs CE.V. Naylor 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday al St James’s. Brantley, 
Hampshire, of the Hon George 
Monde, second son of the laze 
Viscount Monck and of Mrs 
G.M. Palmer, ofPiJgrims’ Farm, 
Overton, Hampshire, and Miss 
Camilla Naylor, second daugh- 
ter of the late Mr John Naylor 
and of Mrs Naylor, of The Mill 
House. Brantley. Hampshire. 
The Rev R_S. Cossins and the 
Rev C.EM. Roderick officiated. 

The bride, who was oven in 
marriage by Mr Jack Rendie. 
was attended by Olivia Wil- 
loughby. Katie Palmer and Zoe 
Wilson. Viscount. Monck, 
brother of the brid^robm, was 
hest man. 

■ A reception was hdd at the 
home of the- bride and the 
honeymoon vffl ‘ be • spent 
abroad. . 

Mr I^JL Campbell 
and Miss HJjS. Girling • 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St' Mary’s. The 
Boltons, of Mr Lachlan Philip 
Kemeys Campbell, elder son of 
Sir Guy and Lady Campbell, of 
Padbury, Buckinghamshire, and 
Miss Harriet Jane Sarah Girling, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
F.EJ. - Girting, of Malvern, 
Worcestershire. The Rev Robin 

Green officiated. 

The bride, who was gsveo in 
marriage ■ by her father, was 
attended by Huw De Lloyd. 
Tom Potter, Miss Rosemary 
Nyiand, Miss Camilla Wynne- 
James and Mrs Kate Cheshire. 
Mr Mark Ecdes-WiUiams was 
best man. 

A reception was held at 56 
Davies Street, Wl, and the 

honeymoon will 

be spent 

Mr CD. R resell 
and Miss SJJVL Chandor 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Brompton Oratory 
of Mr Charles Dominic Russell, 
only son ofSir Charles and Lady 
Russell, of Hidden House; 
Sandwich. Kent, and Miss Sarah 
Jane Murray Chan dor, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs An- 
thony Chandof, of Blackdown 
Border. Haslemere, Surrey. Fa- 
ther Alastair Russell and the 
Rev Donald McNeile officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Thomas and An- 
drew Shepherd, Laura and 
Emma Barkas, and Mary Jane 
Bankes. Mr Robert Prestige was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Naval and Military Club and the 
honeymoon wiQ be spent in 


Mr RS. Cripe 
and Miss J-D.Y. Henries 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at urr Parish Church, 
Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, of 
Mr Richard Scott Cripe. eider 
son of Mr and Mrs John Cripe, 
of Lake Wawasee, Indiana, 
United Stales, and Miss Julia 
Dobree Young H ernes, daugh- 
ter of Sir Michael and Lady 
Herries, of Spottes. Castle 
Douglas, Stewartry of Kirkcud- 
bright The Rev N. Douglas 
Craig officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Alexander and 
flora Herries, Miss Anne Ken- 
nedy. and. Miss.Lucjnda:Kiugbt. - 
Mr Brian Fkk was best man. 

A reception -was held 'at the 
home of tbefrride. 

Priaafffcr C-'Aratflagt-— - 
and MrsAfof. Matin' 

A .service of prayer and dedica- 
tion took place at St James foe 
Less, Winterbourne. Berkshire,- 
on Saturday. May 24, after the 
civil marriage between Brigadier 
Charles Armiiage and Mrs Ann 
Marguerite Mann. The Rev 
Colin Scott-Dempster 
officiated. • 

Mr D UAH. Bossom 
and Miss Sjf. Vaughan . 

The 1 marriage took; place- on 
Saturday, May 24, in the School 
Chapel. Uppingham, of Mr 
Doric Bossom, only son of the 
late Mr Doric Bossom and Mrs 
Kenneth Crawley, and Miss 
Sara Vaughan, only daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
Derek Vaughan. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Fleur CowgiU, Ra- 
chel and Kate Fincfc-Knigbtiey 
and Rosanna Crawley. Mr 
Jervoise Andreyev was best 
man. . . 

Mr TJ). Brooks 

x»d Miss J.A. GUI ...... 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday. May 24, in foe.ChapeJ 
of the Order • of the British 
Empire. St Paul’s Cathedral of 
Mr Timothy David Brooks, 
only son of Mr and Mrs Frank 
Brooks, with Miss Julia Ann. 
Gill, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Terence GtlL The Rev 
Michael Beck officiated. 

The bride, who was given in . 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Denise Simpkin 
and David Collins. Mr Teddy 
Gill was best man. 

The reception was hdd at the. 
RAF Chib. .... 

Mr P-M. HoDom 
and Miss W. Griffin 
The Carriage took place on 
Saturday. May 17, at St Mary's 
Church, Ross-on-Wye, between 
Mr ftrter Holiom, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs PAD. HOfiom, 
and Miss Wynona Griffin. xmly 
itaiiriitw of Mr and Mis GF. 
Griffin. The Rev Paul Wheatley 
officiated, assisted fay the Rev 
'Brian Philips. ‘ 

The bride was gives in mar- 
riage by her father and was 
attended by Lucy. Miranda and 
Annabel Summers, Eleanor 
Picton-Turbervil^nd Sophia 
Vaughan- Mr Dick Waiburton. 
wasbest man. 

-Mr P-Wj Jones -- 
-rear Miss &J. Bees 

The marriagMOOkpiace on M 

1 7 at the Church, of Si Peter and 
St Paul, -Rustmgroifc Sussgc, of 
Mr Peter ’Wilfred Jones. -dder 
son of Mr Wilfred Jones, CMG, 
'and MrrJones, and Miss Stan 
JO! Rees, only daughter of; Dr 
and Mrs- AJtin "Rees. - ■ 

Mr M.JJL Parker . 
and Mbs CL. Cheney ;* 

The marriage took place 
Kensington on Saturday, May 
24. of Mr Michael Paricer. ekfer 
son of Mr and Mis J JL Parker, 
of Canterbury, and Miss dare 
Chenery. only daughter, of Mr 
■and Mrs. E-R. Chenery, of 

Mr X-A. SetapTfocr 
and MfesLA-Eraser . 

The marriage took place On May 
24 at St Mary’s Parish Chnrrii, 
Barnes. Loudon, of Mr John 
Alexander Semptioer, youngest 
son ofJudge and Mis Arthur W. 

. Sempbner, Michigan. United 
States, and Miss Lorraine Ann 
Fraser, youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Richard Fraser, Prod- 
hoe, Northumberland- .Canon 
Jorgen Simonson offiriated 
A reception was hdd at the 
Royal Automobile Club. 

Mr P.W. Wanf ri 
and Second Officer CJ. 
Blackman, WRNS 
The mardagaT took place on 
Saturday at St . Stephen’s, 
Lansdown, Bath, of Mr Pefer 
, William Ward, ' second son of 
Mr and Mis OX Ward, of 
Broadstairs, Kent, and Second 
Officer * Caroline ' Janet 
Blackman, WRNS, elder daugh- 
ter’ of Commander and Mrs E. 
Blackman, ■of Bath. The Rev R. 
Osborne officiated. 
and Miss J A. Donath 
The marriage took place on May 
24 in London of Mr John 
Williams, son of Mr and Mrs S. 
.Williams, -and Miss Jody 
Donath. daughter of the late Mr 
Donath and Mrs M. Donath. 


Actor obsessed by the sea 

Sterling Hayden, wto had a 
cotoarfhl life as a HoHywpod 
fHm actor; sailor and wnter; 
has died in .California ax the 
age of 70. • 

Smnding 6fi Sins, Hood and 
ruggedly handsome, he was 
bitted as “the xnosi heantifol 
man in- foe movies” when be 
entered films m 1940 after 
-spending his early years A sea. 
If his subsequent career couM 
not live up to such pubfiaty; 
he gave seve ral fa ffing perfor- 
tnances and wititin a untiled 
range was an actor of solid 

He was born John Hamp- 
ton m New Jersey on March 
26, 1916. He left school at 16 
to become a mate oa a 
schooner and was a ship's 

ra plain at 22 . He later boU^A 

his own ship with the befp of 
money earned by putting ids 
physique to good use as- a 

model - - 

Offered a contract Iqr Para- 
mount he made his screen 
debut in a West Indian ro- 
mance, Bahama Passage. His 
co-siar was his first wife, the 
British bom actress, Made- 
leine CaxroIL He served with 
foe Marines doringthe Second 
World Warandfod not return 
to acting until 1947. After a 
series or mediocre parts his 
career finally took off when he 
played the hoodlum who loves 
hones in John Huston's clas- 
sic s toty of a jewel 
that goes wrong. The . 

In 1951 Hayden appeared 
before the House Un-Ameri- 
can -Activities Commitree, 
ooniesang that be had been a 
member of the Communis 
party and naming other left 
wing sym pathise rs^ As a result 

be avoided the blacklist foal 
mined foe careen of other 
Hollywood figures but, as he 
admkbcd later, at co wsafenibfe 
cost to his self respect. 

During foe 1950s his beat 
film rotes were as the stranger 
in tire w estern. Johnny 
Gtdtar^anA as the leader of the 
racetrack gang in Stanley 
Kubrick's The Kitting. He 
later played foe mad general 
who bombs Russia in 
Kubrick's Hack comedy of 
nuclear war, Dr Strangdove. 

He often interrupted his . 
screen appearances to- continir 
He bis obsession with the sea. 

In 1959 he took his four 
children to the south seas on 
his schooner. The Wanderer; 
although his second wife, after 
their divorce, won a court 
order to stop foe mix He 
described his maritime adven- 
tures in bis autobiography. 
Wanderer, wh i ch appeared u 

- As a character actor during 
foe 1970s be had stmporting 
roles in The Godfather, The 
Long Goodbye and Bernardo 
Bertolucci's panorama of Ital- 
ian life. 1900. 


DrJames Phenister, FRSE, of the new Geological Muse* 

who died on May 18 at the age 
of 93, was formerly Petrogra- 
pher, Curaxor and Assent 
Director of foe Geological 
Survey and Museum. He 
brought together an ability in 
matifematics and geology that 
was rare is his day, and 
resulted in significant coutri- 
botioos to petrology and foe 
rapidly developing subject of 

Pbemister was bom on 
April 3, 1 893, and educated at 
Glasgow University where he 
gained first class honours in 
mathematics and natural phi- 

nm in London, for which he 
was responsible for foe North- 
era Scottish section, led also 
to the Regional Geological 
Guide to foe Northern High- 
lands. In foe same year he was 
tran sferred to London to the 
post of Fecfograpfcer. His nu- 
merous studies included those 
on British noadstones, rock 
wool, and foe Cornish mining 
areas. After foe war be became 
Curator of the Geological 
Museum, to organise its re- 
opening. and tow charge of 

Science report f. 

Odd ant with one chromosome 

Id the animal world most species 
are well defined and easily 
recognized hy their appearance; 
even though males and females 
may look Strikingly different, a 
I ton will mate only wth another 
Boa and a blackbird with an- 
other blackbird. 

To the zoologist, however, 
what distin gui s h es one species 
from another is reproductive 
isolation, the inability of dif- 
fereat species to tnlerbreed. 
Recognition of its own kind by 
external appearances saves the 
animal w a stin g time and energy 
on a futile parmtiL 

Reproductive isolation is a bit 
of a mystery, however. In rare 
Instances two or more appar- 
ently identical species occupy 
the same territory but are nerer- 
thcless unable to Interbreed. 
Presumably these “sibling 
specks” have innate differences 
that make them incompatible. 

Two Australian zoologists 
who have been studying sibling 
specks fa some primitive nets 
have come tip with some surpris- 
ing findings. Michael Crosbmd 
and Ross Crazier, of New South 
Wales University, found one 
species of bulldog ant. 
Myrmtdn pilasota, with nine 
pairs of chromosomes and an- 
other with ten pairs, both near 
Sydney, and tire i d enti ca l spe- 

By Dorothy Bonn . 

des, one with 31 pairs of 
chromosomes and the other wHh 
32, both in Canberra. 

They have now fond another 
sibling species in Canberra, this 
time with only one pan: of 

Until now, the only animal 
known to have only one pair of 
chrotaosomes has been a nema- 
tode worm, Parasceris eqoonun 
unrMdens, a parasite of horses. 
The discovery of the ‘‘new’* 
Australian ant raises some ia- 
t ere s tih g questions abort the 
evolution of soda! animals sack 
as ants, bees and. wasps. - 

Ensodal insects — those with 
well-organized division of labenr 
based on a taste of sterile or 
nearly sterile workers — tend to 
have more chromosomes than 
their non-social relatives. Vari- 
oos theories have beat advances 
to explain why social insects 
“need” the extra chromosomes. 
The discovery of a highly 
easodal insect with the least 
possible somber of chro- 
mosomes is therefore partkn- 
tartj onexpeefed. 

Haring several pahs of chro- 
mosomes allows a good deal of 
reshuffling of tie geaes during 
germ ceQ formation, A' widely 
accepted explanation for the 
benefits of a high ch r om os om e 
number is that it would prodner 

a worker population showing 
continuum variation. A low 
chromosome manber, or the 
other h and, would give rise in 
jnst a few forms with clearly 
defined differences. 

The advantage of coatinftons 
variation, ‘so the theory, goes, fa 
that workers would not be aUe 
to discriminate, 'and preferen- 
tially assist' other ants of fa- 
voured appearance. 

Croabmd and - Crazier have 
demolished another cherished 
belief, chat a fatgh chromosome 
number indicates a high position 
on the evofatkpaiy scale: "In 
their studies of more than 100 
species of ants they found that 
chromosome number bore no 
relation to whether the species 
was primitive or advanced. 

They found as- many as- 84 
pahs of chromosomes in one 
primitive species Of ant- The 
scientists also sbomd how chrb- 
mosome • numbers evolved: 
comparison of banding patterns 
on the Areiiinrtn r i dem- 
onstrated quite dearly how,, for 
fenance, a chromosome In one 
species had. in another, become 
split, inserted, and -stock back 
together in a different position. . 

The ant with one chromosome 
will 'ferre- students.. of cnhdn 
plenty of scope for speedatioa. 
SoBwjbfaoti M2JL? 1278. 


losophy. After service in foe 
First World War in srtndi he 
was severely wounded he 
taught mathematics and sri- ' 
ence before freingappointed to 
the Geological Survey in I92J- 
Posted to the northern High- 
lands he studied-foe compfc 
cated -meigmorphic and* 
igneous • rocks, and in the 
Midland VaHey foe lavas of 
the Central: Caaifidd, For fas 
mortc. on the extraordinary 
alkaline rocks of north-west 

Scotland he reoeived bis DSc 
from Glasgow in 1928. ■ . 

In 1926 at the request of the 
Anglo-Persian Oil Go he went 
with WFP McLintock to 
Persia to begin pioneer geo- 
physical investigations for oil 
exploration using the. gravity 
torsion balance, . wi th later 
studies in ; England and* 
Scotland. ; ^ • 

Itetunnng to geological 
woik in 1929, he began the 
survey of Shetland. In 1935, 
preparations for foe opening 

BginxpiAiti g his Assistant^ 1 
DoectorshipGnhisfrChh birth* 
day he returned to Edinburg 
and his loveofScottish roefc, 
to work on foe production of 
foe maps of much of Shetland, 
and foe accompanying pob- 
.hfoed accounts. Owing sum- 
mer vacations in 1953-0, with 
his wife, Margaret, a math- 
emariciaa whom he married 
in 1921, the late Dr W 
Bnfierwell. and Mrs 
BollerwdB, also a mathemati- 
cian, he csried put the first 
reconnaissance gravity survey 
of Scotland, covering the 
whole of the mainland. 

Throughout his career 
Phem is ter’s work was 
c h a ra c teris ed fay meticulous 
observation, and a direct ap-* 
proach that admitted of no 
fudging btrt shielded a wed- 
developed sense of humour. 
He is survived by his two sons 
and a daughter. 


Arnold Whittick, vrtio died 
on May 22, aged 88, was a 
man of many parts whose 
inquiring mind ted him, over, 
a long bfe. in the direction of 
study of the history .of archi- 
tecture, .technical journalism 
and the writing of books on 
planning and conservation. 

. . Boro m . Ilford, Essex, on 
May t7, 1898. Arnold 
Whittick received his techni- 
cal and artJrajningat Croydon 
Collie of. Art, Smith London 
Technical Ait School and the 
Central School of Arts and 
Crafts, under W. R. Leihaby. 

Between 1930 and 1950 be 
lectured on foe history of art 
and, post-war, -on 'the prob- 
lems and opportunities of 
reconstruction, to the GLC 
literary institutes. 

He entered . foe field of 
building trade journalism in 
1945, being editor successive- 
ly of ttuildmg Digest. The. 
Muck. Shifter and Pottery and 
Glass. • ' 

' Most notable, perhaps, was 
his editorship from 1968-1975 
of the Encyclopaedia of Urban 
Planning, an appointment for 
which bis long interest in the 
pioneer work: done by the 
Town and Country 
Association (of wuch he 
been a member of council) 

These sta^f appointments, 
whose duties 'he discharged 
with scrupulous efficiency, en- 
abled Whittick to embark on a 
series of books on his first 
loves: architecture and art. 

- : Mr Robert. D.Wood, presi- 
dent L of the American CBS 
television network from 1969 
to 1976, died on May 20, a ged 

Wood, who had been in 
broadcasting all his adult' life, 
took charge of CBS ata time of 

felling viewing figures. 

He inherited a commercial- 
ly profitable 'but mundane, 
schedule but managed to re- 
verse the ratings with the 
introduction of new pro- 
grammes, among them The 
Mary Tyler Moore Show and 
M-A.SJi: Both enhanced 
Wood’s reputation as a 

A History of Commemora- 
tive Sculpture from Ancient 
Times to Norman Conquest, 
was followed by Eric 
Mendelsohn, the definitive bi- 
ography of a great German 
leader of the post-1919 Euro- 
pean architectural movement 
•This rah to three editions.. 

- Always a vigorous protago- 
nist of the New Towns move- 
ment, he wrote, with Sir ■ 
Frederic Osborn. The New*- 
Towns the Answer to Mega- 
lopolis, to which Lewis Mum- 
ford contributed a foreword. 

Whittick was nearly 60 
when he visited Venice for foe 
first time, and fell not only 
under the spell of its art and 
architecture but became deep- 
ly interested in the practical 
business of its preservation. 

Spare, reticent and happiest 
among old friends, Whittick 
towards the end of his life 
lived near Crawley in Sussex, 
being founder-president of foe 
Crawley Planning Group; 

He was an old Fust World 
War soldier and had some 
excellent anecdotes of life in#* 

He was Fellow of foe Royal 
Society of Arts, the Royal 
Institute of Philosophy and 
toe British Society of \estbet- 
tes, in addition to which he 
was a contributor to The 
Times and to toe Dictionary of 
National Biography. 

He leaves a widow, Helen, 
and a daughter. 

• M Jean-Jaoqnes Gautier, 
foe distinguished French nov- 
elist and influential theatre 
critic of Le Figaro, has died in 

Paris, aged 7&Tte serond of 
some 15 novels won the 194^ 
Goncourt Prize and he was 
awarded toe 1970 Prince 
P*ene of Monaco Literary 
Prize for his collected works. 

He was elected to the Acade- 
my Franchise in 1972. 

• lord Hotitfieid, who was 
working in a London factory. 
y*en he succeeded to the title*' 
fo 1961 on the death of his 
cousin; died on May 16, aged 
o9. He in turo is succeeded-hy 
^cousin, Lieutenant-Colonel 
G.W.A. Tufton, aged 81. 


■ lake, on one of tins most 

ramous pages, mates of the tiger a 
blazing fire and a timeless arche*- 
i type of Evil; I prefer Chesterton's 
view, wherein the titer is defined 
as a symbol of terrifying pU gan^B 
There are, in feet no words to sum 
up the tiger - that shape which for 

centuries now has found a home in 

the imagination of men. The 
animal has always fascinated me. 
As a child, I remember at the zoo 
lingering before one particular 
cage; none of the other 
meant anything to me. 2 judged 
encyclopaedias and natural histo- 
ry texts by their engravings of 
tigers. When the Jungle Books 
were revealed to me, I found it 
-upsetting that Sbere Khan, the 
tiger, was the hero's enemy. Down 
■' through the years, this strange love 
never left me. It survived both my 
paradoxical desire to become a 
~ hunter and everyday human vicis- 
situdes. Until a short while ago — 
the date now seems remote but in ’ 
fact is not — that love quietly fitted 
in with my routine at the Univer- 
sity of Lahore. I am a professor of 
eastern and western logic, and I 
devote my Sundays to a small 
seminar on Spinoza. I should 
that I am a Scot; perhaps it was my 
love of tigers that brought me 
. from Aberdeen to the Punjab. The 
. course of my life has been entirely 
' normal, but in my dreams I always 
saw tigers. (Now my dreams are 
populated by other shapes.) 

I have said all these things so 
often that they now seem to belong 
to someone else. I bring them up 
again, however, because my con- 
fession requires it- 
Toward the end of 1904, 1 read 
that somewhere in the delta of the 
Ganges there had been discovered 
a variety of tiger whose pelt was 
blue. The news, with all the usual 
contradictions and discrepancies, 
was later confirmed by a series of 
telegrams. My old love was rekin- 
dled. Given the habitnal inexact- 
ness of the names for odours, I 
suspected some sort of error. I 
recalled having read that in the 
Norse sagas the name for Ethiopia 
was B Inland— Blue Land, or Land 
of the Blacks. A blue tiger may 
well have been a Mack panther. 
No stripes were mentioned, and 
the cut of a blue tiger with silver 
i: stripes published in the London 
press was obviously apocryphal. 
r The bhie in the illustration, it 
seemed to me, belonged more to 
heraldry than to reality. In a 
dream 2 saw tigers of a Mue I had 
never seen before an&for which I 
never found the .exact weird. It 
verged on black, but such & detail 
is scarcely enough to convey its 
exact shade. 

Months later, a colleague told 
me that in a certain village quite 
far from the Ganges he had heard 
talk of blue tigers. The informa- 
tion rather surprised me, for I 
knew that in that district tigers 
were rare. Once more I dreamed of 
a blue tiger, lopingatong, castings 
huge shadow on sandy soiL Using 
my holidays, I undertook a jour- 
ney to that village whose name — 
.for reasons ! shall in time make 
dear — I wish not to remember. 

I arrived' at the end of the 
monsoon season. The village lay 
huddled at the foot of a hiD that to 
my eye seemed broader than it was 
lall, and the place was hemmed in 
and menaced by the jungle, which 
was of a brownish colour. The 
hamlet of my adventure must 
come from somewhere in Kipling, 
since the whole of India —and in a 
way the whole world — may be 
found in his pages. I need only add 
that a gully, spanned by swaying 
reed bridges, gave the huts a s ma ll 
measure of protection. Nearby 
was a ravine with a muddy river 
whose name I never learned, and 
'ten more jungle. To the south lay 
. • , swampy tract and paddies. 

The people were Hindu. This 
feet, which 1 had known in 
advance, did not please me. I_have 
always got on better , with 
Muhammadans, even if Islam is— 

I know — the poorest of tbebeliefs- 
that stem from Judaism. 

In India one feels that mankind . 
is teeming; in tbe village what I felt 
teeming was the juqgle, which 
made its way almost into the huts. 
The days were -stifling and night- 
fell brought no breezes. 

- The elders welcomed me, and 
my first conversation with them 
was full of vague politeness. I have 
already mentioned the poverty of 
:the place, but I am aware that each 
of us takes it for granted that his 

si own land encompasses something • 

unique. Thinking about ray dubi- 
ous lodgings and the no less 

pursuit of the blue tiger 

dubious food, I said that the 
renown of the district had readied 
Lahore. Tbe men's feces changed; 
at once I guessed that I had 
com m i tted a blunder for which I 
most apologize. I Ml these people 
were the keepers of a secret they 
were unwilling 'to share with a 
stranger. Perhaps, worshipping the 
blue tiger, they belonged to a cult 
that my rash words had pro faned. 

I waited until the next morning. 

■ After eating my rice d rinking 
oy_ tea, 1 launched into my 
subject Despite the ought before, I 
did not understand — Twas unship 
to understand — what I had done. 
Everyone looted at me with 
ama zem ent and with something 
approaching fear, but when I tola 
them that my object was to 
capture the beast with the strange 
skm they listened with visible 
rehefl One of them yriH t hat he 
had caught a glimpse of it on the 
edge of the jungle. 

In the middle of the night I was 
roused from deep. A goat had got 
out of its pens, a boy told me, and 
while rarphipg for it he had spied 
the Mue tiger on the o ther hank of 
the river. It seemed to me that the 
light of the new moon was 
insufficient for tbe animal’s colour 
to be precisely determined, but 
they all confirmed the story and 
one or two, who until then had not 
uttered a word, said that they had 
seen tbe tiger as well We went out 
with rifles and I saw, or thought I 
saw, a catlike shadow slithering off 
into the darkness of the jungle. 
The goat was never found, but the 
animal that carried it off may not 
have been my blue tiger at alL The 
villagers went out oftbeir way to 
show me some trades, which, of 
course, proved nothing. 


JL .Bk.fter several nights I 
realized that these felse alarms fell 
into a pattern. Lite Daniel Defoe, 
the men in tins place were skilled 
at inventing circumstantial de- 
tails. Tbe tiger might be spotted at 
any hour, around the paddies to 
the south or by the marshes to the 
north, but I soon noticed that the 
observers were alternating with 
suspicious regularity. My arrival 
on the scene invariably coincided 
with the very moment a tiger had 
fled. 1 was always shown its track 
and some signs of destruction, but 
a man's fist can forge a tiger’s 
print Once or twice I was present- 
ed with a dead dog. One moonlit 
night- we tethered a goat as bait 
and waited in vain until daybreak. 
1 thought at first that these daily 
tales Weie'aimed&t prolonging my 
stay, which, since I bought food 
and employed a servant, benefi- 
ted the village. To test the truth of 
this conjecture, I told them that I 
was of a mind to search for the 
tiger elsewhere downstream. I kept 
noticing, nonetheless, that there 
was a secret and that they were all 
wary of me. 

I have already said that the 
thicteted hill at whose foot the 
village huddled was not very high; 
it broke off short in a plateau. On 
its other side; to the west and 
north, the jungle extended. Since 
the slope was not steep, one 
evening I suggested climbing to 
the top. This simple remark 
caused consternation. One villager 
exclaimed that tbe flanks erf the 
hiD were quite precipitous. Tbe 
headman said with gravity that 
what I proposed was out of the 
question. Tbe hilltop was sacred 
and taboo. Anyone Who set mortal 
foot there ran tbe risk of seeing tite 
divinity and going other mad or 

I did not insist, but that night, 
while everyone was asleep, I crept 
silently out of my hut and ma d e 
my way up the gentle slope. There 
was no path and tbe undergrowth 
sltiwed me. 

The moon sal on the horizon. I 
took particular note of my sur- 
roundings, almost as if I had a 
premonition that that day was 
going to be significant — perhaps 
the most significant of my life. I 
still remember the -dark, some- 
times almost Mad; colour of the 
foliage. The sky grew pale, but in 
the whole of the forest not one bird 

After a climb of 20 or 30 
minutes I stood on the flat 
summit. It was easy to imagine it 
cooler there than in the village, 
suffocating down below. I ascer- 
tained that there was no actual 
peak but a kind of terrace, which 
was not very extensive, and that 
the junge clambered up the side of 
the mountain right to the top. I felt 
free here, as if my sojourn in the 
village had been an imprison- 

A short story by Jorge Luis Borges 

mem. I did not care that its 
inhabitants were tr ying to deceive 
me; in a way I thought they were 

As for the -tiger, tbe many 
frustrations had exhausted my 
curiosity and my faith, bat almost 
automatically I searched for 

The ground was fissured and 
gravelly. In one of the crevices — 
none was very deep and they kept 
branching off — I recognized a 
colour. It was, unbelievably, the 
Mue of the tiger of my dream. If 
only I had never set eyes on it! I 
stared. The crevice was crammed 
with pebbles, all of them the same 

— round and flat, perfectly 
smooth, and an inch or so across. 
Their similarity gave them an 
artificial look, lure disks. 

1 stopped, plunged my hand 
into a crevice, and drew out a 
number of them. They seemed to 
tremble slightly. I shoved the 
handful into my right pocket, 
where I kept some nafl scissors 
and a map of Allahabad. These 
two chants objects have a place in 
my story. 

Back in the but, I took off my 
jacket I lay on die bed and again 
dreamed of the tiger. In my dream 
I saw the colour; it was that of the 
tiger I bad dreamed before and of 
the pebbles on tbe mountaintop. I 
was awakened by the sun, high in 
the sky, shining on my face. 1 got 
up. The pair of scissors and the 
map made it difficult for me to 
take out all the disks. I withdrew a 
fistful but could still fed another 
two or three there in my pocket A 
sort of tickle, a very slight move- 
ment, wanned my hand. Opening 
h, I saw that tbe disks numbered 
30 or 40. 1 could have sworn that 
there had not been more than ten. 
I put them on the table and felt for 
the rest I did not bother to verify 
.whether these had multiplied. I 
made a separate pile and tried to 
count them one by one. 

- This simple operation turned 
out impossible. I studied a angle 
pebble, picking it up between my 
thumb and forefinger, and as soon 
as it was taken away the others 
increased in number. I checked to 
see if I was feverish and tried 
counting the d«icg again and 
again. The obscene miracle kept 
repeating itselfl There was a cold 

feeling in my feet and in the pit of 
my stomach, and my knees wob- 
bled. How much lime pars ed I 
don't know. 

Without looking at them, I 
swept the disks into a single pile 
and threw them out of the 
window. With a strange sense of 
relief, I felt that their number had 
diminished. I closed the door 
firmly and lay down on the bed. 
Settling into my exact previous 
position, I tried to persuade 
myself that it had all been a 
dream. To keep my mind off the 
disks, to pass the time somehow, I 
recited aloud, slowly and careful- 
ly, tbe eight definitions and seven 
axioms of Spinoza's Ethics. I don't 
know whether this helped. I was in 
the midst of these exorcisms when 
I heard a knock. My natural fear 
was that I had been overheard 
talking to myself, and I opened the 

It was the hea dman, Bhagwan 
Dass. For a moment his presence 
seemed to bring me back to 
everyday life. We went outside. It 
was my hope that the disks would 
have disappeared, but there they 
were on the ground. I no longer 
know bow many they numbered 

Tbe headman locked at them 
and then at me. These stones 
aren't from around here", he said 
in a voice that was not his own. 
“They come from the top of the 
hid ” 

“Quite so", I answered I added 
not without a touch of defiance,- 
that I had found them on the 
plateau, and at once I was annoyed 
with myself for having given any 

Ignoring me, Bhagwan Dass 
kept staring at them mesmerized I 
ordered him to pick them up. He 
did not budge. 

I regret to say that I took out ray 
revolver and repeated the order in 
a louder voice. 

“Better a bullet in the breast 
than a blue pebble in the hand", 
Bhagwan Dass said felterindy. 

“You’re a coward”, I tola him. 

I think I was as frightened as he 
was, but I shut my eyes and with 
my left hand scooped up a handful 
of pebbles. I replaced my revolver 
ana poured the stones into the 
palm of my other hand Their 
number had increased 

Unconsciously, 1 bad grown 


* erhaps I have tried to 
forget tbe rest of that day, which 
was the first of a wretched series 
which still has not ceased. The 
truth is that I do not remember it. 
Toward evening I reflected wist- 
fully upon tbe previous day. which 
had not been particularly happy, 
since it had been populated — like 
the ones before it — by my 
obsession with the tiger. I tried to 
take refuge in that image, once 
bristling with power and now 
banal. The blue tiger seemed to me 
as innocuous as the black swan of 
the Romans, which was later 
discovered in Australia. 

Re-reading my preceding notes, 

1 find I have committed a grave 
error. Misled by the habit of that 
kind of writing, good or bad, 
which is wrongly called “psy- 
chological", I have tried to piece 
together — I don’t know why — a 
chronological account of my dis- 

used to these transformations. I 
was more taken aback by Bhagwan 
Dass’s alarm. 

“They are the stones that multi- 
ply them selves!” he exclaimed. 
“Now they are many, but they can 
change. They have the shape of the 
full moon and that particular Mue 
that comes to us only in dreams. 
My forefathers were not lying 
when they spoke of the stone's 

The whole village crowded 
around us. 

I felt I was the magical owner of 
this miracle. To the general aston- 
ishment, I gathered the disks, held 
them aloft, let them fall, scattered 
them, and watched them increase 
and multiply or strangely de- 

Filled with awe and dread, the 
onlookers pressed in. Men forced 
their wives to look upon the 
wonder. One or two hid then- 
feces, others covered their eyes. 
Except for one happy-faced child, 
who toyed with them, no one 
dared touch tbe disks. At that 
point it stuck me that this commo- 
tion was defiling the miracle. I 
collected as many disks as I could 
and went back inside. 

covery. It would have been better 
to have dwelled on the monstrous 
nature of the disks. 

If 1 were told that there were 
unicorns on die moon, I could 
accept or reject the information or 
even suspend judgement altogeth- 
er. but I could imagine such 
creatures. On the other hand, if I 
were laid that on the moon six or 
seven unicorns can be three, I 
would declare categorically that 
tbe feet was impossible. Anyone 
who understands that three and 
one make four does not try to 
prove this with coins or dice or 
chessmen or pencils. He under- 
stands it and that’s that He is 
unable to conceive any other 
number. There are mathemati- 
cians who claim that three and ore 
is a tautology of four, a different 
way of raying four. It had befallen 
me, Alexander Craigie, out cf all 
men in the world, to come upon 
the one object that contradicts this 
basic law of the human mind. 

In the beginning, I had endured 
the fear of being mad: later, I think 
I would have preferred madness, 
since my private hallucination 
would have mattered less than 
evidence that the universe admits 
of chaos, if three and one can 
make two or ; I, .eason is 

It was at that time that 1 fell into 
the habit of dreaming of the 
pebbles. The fact that tbe dream 
might no! recur every night gave 
me a ray of hope which soon 
turned into terror. The dream was 
always more or less the same. The 
beginning foreboded the end. A 
banister and an iron staircase 
descending in a spiral and then a 
cellar or levels of cellars plunging 
by nearly perpendicular stairways 
to forges, locksmiths', prison cells, 
and quagmires. At the bottom, in 
their inevitable crevice, lay the 
pebbles, which were also Behe- 
moth or Leviathan, those Biblical 
beasts which signify that God is 
irrational. I would wake up trem- 
bling, and there in the drawer were 
the pebbles, ready to transform. 

The villagers changed towards 
me. Something of the divinity of 
the disks, which they called blue 
tigers, had rubbed on on me, but 
at the same time they knew I was 
guilty of having profaned the 
hilltop. At any moment of the 
night, at any moment of the day, 
the gods might punish me. The 
village people dared neither set 
upon me nor condemn my action, 
but I noticed that they were all 
now ominously servile. The boy 
who had played with the disks I 
did not see again. 1 feared poison 
or a knife in my back. One 
morning before daybreak I es- 
caped. The whole population was 
spying on me, I felt, and my flight 
was a relief. Since that first 
morning, nobody had tried to see 
the pebbles. 

I returned to Lahore. In my 
pocket was the handful of disks. 
The familiar company of my 
books did not Ming me tbe relief I 
sought. The hated village was still 
out there, as were the jungle and 
the thickly-wooded hillside with 
its plateau and on the plateau the 
network of crevices and in the 
crevices the pebbles. My dreams 
confused and multiplied these 
disparate things. The village be- 
came tbe pebbles, the jungle the 
swamp, and the swamp the jungle. 

Once more I fled the company 
of my friends. 1 was afraid of 
giving in to the temptation of 
showing them that hideous mir- 
acle that undermined all man’s 

I tried various experiments. I 
made an incision in the shape of a 
cross on one of the disks. I shuffled 
it among the others and after one 
or two transformations lost it, 
even though the number of disks 
had increased. I made a similar 
test with a disk on which, taking a • 
file, I had cm the arc of a circle. 
This one too got lost With a 
punch I opened a hole in the 
center of a disk and repeated tbe 
test The disk never reappeared. 
The next day the disk with the 
cross returned from its sojourn in 
nothingness. What mysterious 
space was that, obeying inscruta- 
ble laws or some non-human will, 
which absorbed tbe pebbles and in 
time eventually gave back one or 

1 The same desire for order which 
in tbe beginning created mathe- 
matics made me look for some 
sort of order in the aberration of 
mathematics which these mean- 
ingless multiplying stones repre- 
sented- In their unpredictable 
variations 1 tried to find a law. I 
spent days and nights compiling 
tables of the changes. From that 
stage I still have some notebooks. 

hopelesly crammed with figures. 
My procedure was this. I counted 
the pieces with my eyes and wrote 
down the number. I then divided 
them into two handfuls, which I 
spread out on the table. Counting 
the two groups. I recorded the 
result and repeated the operations. 
The search for an order in the 
alterations, for some secret 
scheme, was useless. The greatest 
number of pieces I managed to 
record was 419; the smallest, 
three. There was one moment 
when I hoped, or feared, that they 
might all disappear. After experi- 
menting a bit, i found that a disk 
separated from the others could 
neither multiply nor disappear. It 
gets without saying the four 
opc •‘.-lions of adding, subtracting, 
mul \ i> uig, and dividing were 
impossible. The pebbles negated 
arithmetic and the law of probabil- 
ity. Forty disks could, divided up, 
come out nine: the nine, in their 
turn divided, could be three 
hundred. I have no idea bow 
much they weighed 1 never 
resorted to a scale, but I am certain 
that their weight was constant and 
light. Their colour was always that 
same Mue. 


-A. hese calculations 
helped save me from madness. 
Handling the stones that made 
nonsense of the science of mathe- 
matics, I often thought of those as 
the Greek, which were the first 
numbers and which have brought 
the word “calculus" into so many 
languages. Mathematics, I told 
myself; have their beginning and 
their end in stones. If Pythagoras 
had ever used these . . . 

After a month 1 realized that the 
chaos was inextricable. Tbe disks 
and the constant temptation to 
handle them, to feel that tickle, to 
spread them out, to watch them 
increase or decrease, and to stare 
at the fluctuations of odd and even 
totals were irresistible. I came to 
fear that they might contaminate 
things, particularly my fingers, 
which could not keep from toying 
with them. 

For several days I imposed on 
myself the duty of thinking of 
nothing but the pebbles, for I knew 
that oblivion could only be mo- 
mentary and that to re-encounter 
my torment would prove un- 

The night of the tenth of 
February l did not sleep. After a 
walk that carried me into early 
dawn 1 passed before the gates of 
the mosque of Wazir Khan. It was 
the hour when the light has not yet 
revealed colours. Not a soul was in 
the courtyard. On an impulse, I 
dipped my hands into the pooL 
Inside the mosque. 1 reflected that 
God and Allah are two names fora 
single unimaginable Being, and I 
asked aloud for deliverance from 
my burden. I stood and waited for 
an answer. 

I beard no footsteps, but a voice 
at my side said, “Here am I.” It 
was a beggar. In the grey light I 
made out his head cloth, his 
extinguished eyes, his sallow skin 
and grizzled beard. He was not 
very tall. 

He put out a hand and. in a low 
voice, said, “Aims, Protector for 
the Poor". 

I searched my pockets, then 
answered, “I haven’t a single 

“You have many", he replied. 

In my right pocket were the 
pebbles. I took one out and 
dropped it into the cup of his 
hand Not the slightest sound was 
lobe heard 

“You must give me all of 
them", he said “He who does not 
give everything gives nothing." 

I understood “I want you to 
know that my gift may be 
frightening”. 1 said 

“Perhaps thai’s the only offering 
I can receive," he answered “I 
have sinned” 

I dropped all the pebbles into 
the hollow of his hand. As if felling 
onto the seabed, they made not the 
faintest sound 

“I do not know yet what your 
gift is," he said “But mine is 
frightening. May for days and 
nights, may reason, your habits, 
and the world never leave you." 

I did not hear the blind beggar's 
footsteps, nor did I see him vanish 
into the dawn. 

© Jorge Luis Serges 

Translated from the Spanish by 
Norman Thomas di Giovanni, 
currently h riling a biographical 
account of his association with 
Borges for Century Hutchinson. 



• Saturday night Is all right for 
fighting for the attention of the 
female audience; it is at 
present the chosen battle- 
ground for television's two 
hipest woraen-oriented series. 
Cagney and Lacey (BBC!) 
undoubtedly won their round 
this Saturday, when the first 
baby ever notured in a top- 
rated American TV serial at 
r j|ast appeared on screen, 

? Cagney and Lacey is con- 
ceited* written and p roduct* 
by women, and its feminist 
consciousness is as high as an 
elephant’s eye- It combines 

Ladies of the law 
battle it out 

. — . | 

on violence, se x an a social 
issues with a giflsy, wwm- 
*, Hooded appeal which has so 
-Ifer proved beyondany nke- 
adnded product in Britain. 
The axis' of the drama fe the 

relationship between two New 

York detectives - Christine 
Cagney — single, this and 
glamorous • and- Mary-Beth 
Lacey — a mother, married, 
and dumpy even when not 

Some months age Tyne 
Dafyr the actress who plays 
the maternal Mary-Beth, an- 
noonted her pregnancy, and in 
foie right-on style the bnlge 
was w r i tt en into die scripts 
along wife doses of propagan- 
da abort maternity leave, ante- 
natal classes and all the good 
stuff a husband should do for. 
his wife at such a time. The 
-scriptwriters finally rang * 

carillon of changes on all the 
. traditional get-me-io-the-hos- 
pital-on-time sequences, 
which seem so corny in a mere 
marriage but which took on a 
new tease of life between the 
two detectives. At fire end of it 
all Mary-Beth had a little girl, 
called, her Christine and the 
audience undoubtedly cried 
their eyes out 

The ITV opposition CATS 
Eyes bad no sack drama to 
offer. This series features «fifl 
Gascmne as a glamour-puss 
senior cop. wfeh Leslie Ash 
and Tracy-Lomse Ward as her 
underlings. It is largely a male 

creation and often seems mach 
tike a done of The Profession- 
als with its foens on the 
triangular relationship of the 
two juniors — one a Sloane 
Ranger, the other a gutter- 
snipe — with their co mmander . 
The action tears along with a 
lot of hot lead and burning 
robber. Tbe plots are compli- 
cated and tinged with fantasy. 

Even when plastered with 
black commando make-up, our 
heroines' blonde hair Calls is 
fetching ringlets and their 
lipgjoss glistens winsomely. 

an §AS 

style training course, a mere 
rest care compared with the 
summation of natural child- 
birth taking place on the other 
chann el. 

Celia Brayfield 

Tirades that cloud the talent 

Joe Jackson 
Wembley Arena 

The gangly Joe Jackson took 
the London stage for tbe first 
time in two years, wearing a 
long br o wn overcoat and base- 
ball hat, looking as though he 
had just popped into the chip 
shop on his way home from 

The concert was served up 
in three courses, each an- 
nounced by a percussive inter- 
lude and slide projections at 
the sides of the unadorned, 
modestly-lit stage. Broadly 
speaking, parts one and three 
were a lively mixture of old 
and new songs, played by the 

whole band. Part two was a 
stodgy recital of slower ballad 
material, for the most pan 
featuring Jackson accompany- 
ing himself on piano. It in- 
cluded a drastically reworked 
version of "Steppin’-Out” 
somehow turned into a dirge. 

Jackson's jack-of-all-trades 
background, from Royal Aca- 
demy of Music student to 
Playboy Gub pianist and 
cabaret performer, has given 
him the theory and technique 
to turn his hand to a variety of 
musical styles. 

His current three-piece 
band shifted adroitly between 
the various idioms and are to 
be congratulated on their ver- 
satile management of Jack- 

son's sparse arrangement The 
simple guitar/base/drums unit 
was never found wanting. 
They even pulled off an 
enjoyable medley of songs 
from the Jumpin' Jive album, 
somehow covering for all the 
missing horns ana harmony. 

Bui for all his talents, 
Jackson's spikey, acerbic per- 
sonality. tended to get in the 
way of the performance. Rath- 
er than giving him an edge, his 
anger seemed a petty intru- 
sion. His snipes against the 
Americans, who buy consider- 
ably more of his records than 
do the British, yielded one 
peat song in "Right and 
Wrong", but he moaned about 
the irrelevance of recording 

and buying singles before 
plugging his next release, the 
superficial “Home Town”. 

Paradoxically, the sheer 
seamless craftsmanship of his 
writing and performing, to- 
gether with the precise iron 
discipline applied by the musi- 
cians. tended to overwhelm 
the individual merits of the 
songs, making the concert as a 
whole into something of a 
rock variety act: his passion, 
though never far from the 
surface, was ultimately sub- 
sumed by bis broad technical 
skills. Although of a high 
quality, the entertainment 
lacked depth. 

David Sinclair 

3-„ — 

S90 ."i r 


iting — 

5ST- — 

divi- 1 - 



ilO),*'! . 



timfs MONDAY MAY 26 1986. 

Thatcher sees horror of the Holocaust 

From lan Murray 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher be- 
gan her tour of Israel yester- 
day nidi a visit to Yad 
Vashem, the grim gaunt me- 
morial museum to the six 
million Jews who died in the 
Nazi Holocaust. 

Although she had been oik* 
before, Mrs Thatcher con- 
fessed after seeing the collec- 
tion of pictures that she had 
forgotten the horror of it alL 
“It is so terrible, really. 

. Everyone should come and see 
H so that they can never forget 
it," she said. “I am not quite 
sure whether the new genera- 
tion really knows what we 
were fighting against.'" 

The Prime Minister laid a 
wreath of yellow flowers on the 
bare slab of stone before die 
iron monument with its eternal 
flame hi tire Hall of Remem- 
brance, where the names of the 

extermination camps are the 
only decoration. 

She knelt before the wreath 
clearly for longer than her 
escorts were expecting and 
paused a gain for an extra 
moment of quiet head b owed , 
before moving off to write 
firmly in the visitors’' book: 

“We must never let the world 

° < f-ter feelings were “too deep 
to express”, she said. “There 
was one picture there in the 
museum of a Nazi firing at a 
woman who was standing with 

her child in her arms and there 

are many others. If yon doaa’s 
see the" 1 yon don't realize the 
full enormity of it. 

“I had not quite folly taken 
into account that there were 
these slaughterhouses where 
the Jews were being slain at 

the rate of 120,000 a day. 

“If the war had lasted 
another year, then some U 
million would have been slain. 

As it was it was bad enough 
with six million. It was terri- 
ble, the worst thing the world 
has ever known.” 

Mrs Thatcher, the first 

ftesMn ^MrsThatcher wiping away a tear as she visits graves of British soldieis from the First Work! War at a Jerusalem cemetery. 

black - * - - =- * and fihinins on thrir Minister, the first non-Israeli 

considerably subdued, thon- 
ghtful and dabbing at her eyes 
with a handkerchief. 

Next was a more joyous 

Village Yoice 




This wedc Victor Zona, la oTOk 

on a government hand-oat- 

occasion — a quick trip to the 
Hebrew University and to the 
“ORT* vocational training in- 
stitute. There the teenagers 
lined up outside had been 
given Union Jacks and they 
waved and cheered until Mrs 
Thatcher rushed over to shake 

Today’s events 

New exhibitions 

Paintings by Colin Howldns; 
City Museum and Art Gallery, 
Fbregate St, Worcester. Mon, to 
Fri 9.30 to 6, Sat 9J0 to 5, 
dosed Thurs (ends June 21). 

Caribbean Focus: Photo- 

graphs of Caribbean Working 
Life by Roshini Kempadoo; 
Melton Carnegie Museum, Mel- 
ton Mowbray, Mon to Sat 10 to 
5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 18). 

A Look at Samplers: em- 
broidery, The Omnium Mu- 
seum, Park St, Cirencester; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 3.30, Sim 2 to 5.30 
(ends Sept 28). 

Quills at Canterbury, The 
Chapter House, Canterbury 
Cathedral: Mon to Sun 10 to 6 
(ends May 31). 

hands and talk, again fo the 
dismay of her security guards. 

Then it was on to the 
Commonwealth Cemetery, on 
Mount Scopus, with its splen- 
did view of Jerusalem domi- 
nated by one of those giant 

pies specially flown in from 
England and polled apart and 
reassembled by Israeli securi- 
ty in a check for explosives. 

There was time to chat 
briefly with representatives of 
the British community 1 incl im- 

itated by one oi ram* guun uk T 7 T 1 u 

crosses found at British war ing a graded detachment from 
naves the world over. Alex, the Association of Jew- 

There she placed a wreath ish ex-servicemen and women, 
of red paper Haig Fond pop- with their British medals 

proud and shining on their 

There was even more time to 
review the gravestones and 
read some of the names of the 
Commonwealth soldiers of 
Allenby's army who had died 
in Egypt and Palestine 

Before lunch the Israeli 
editors committee had a pri- 
vate meeting with the Prime 

Minister, the first non-Israeli 
to address them. Then it was 
on to bunch with Mr Cham 
Herzog, the former Irish 
Guardsman who is now Presi- 
dent of IsraeL 
“Your visit is important 
because of your conrageons 
stand on terror in the strug&le 
against which we have been m 
the forefront,” he said. 

The villagers' crops last then barely a few 
moathT^restofthe yeartbey scourfee 
countryside in search of work, any' work- 
Some hire themselves out “ 
labourers in 

seek employment further afield, 

roads or digging irrigation di tches . No family 
additional source 

of income. 

The village could hardly beBeve iis Tuck- 
Government help was at tte way^ 

enough, rumour had it, to keep every femfly 
in food for a long while. 

' Bidvadat, already one of the P oorE ^ , J^ 
to tali advantage c™ ofax* 
employment opportunities as 
Sable. He was a widower wrtb smaU 
at 60, too old and teave 

the village to look for work. 
similarly disqualified by advanced age, foiling 

health, or femily responstoumes. 

Now the Government was J® 
employment within the vjBggcttselfi Fre a 
long time nothing happened. The vtHbbc is 
used to uncertainty and delay m us dealings 
with tbe authorities, but Bidyadat, atlhe end 
of his tether, suspected the worst. What a it 
was only a tumour after all? Government 
finn fo , he knew, had a way of naming nan the 
sands. - 

The village headman, prodded by v3k«is 
to find out more, finally obtained official 
confirmation that the Government had 
allocated 10.000 rupees (about £500} to the 
project - enough to keep the viHage m wwk 
fora month. Bidyadat had been hopmgfor 
something more lasting. Penniless, he tned to 
borrow more money from Iris crethtoev of 
whom there were many, on the strength ot the 
headman’s announcement '. 

They refused to throw good monej^ after 
bad. “First pay us back what you owe, they 

demanded. “Then wieTl tend you more. 

He felt cornered. His debts were fer greater 
than his month's wages would be. His 
creditors would be there when he collected his 
pay. They would talas every penny off hint 
He couldn't just take his money and ran. 
Where would he run to? 

The village was to decide itself how to use 
its allocation. What it realty needed was a wall 
to protect the crops from a nimals and a 
channel to irrigate the fields. Eta other of 

these would cost fer more than 10,000 raposs. 

The steep, rocky path leading to the village 
was unsafe at the best of times, d an g erous l y 
slippery during the monsoon, tezardrais m 
the dark. They would improve the path, the 

villagers decided, and pay themselves with 

government money. 

Only then did it become known that the-' 


wheat. Most vtHagea w oold bay jXgfcrrcd i 
j-ash but Bidyadat was delighted, hocredi- 
toracould hardly take ha gram awav.Oaccan 
insist that the poor should pay tordebn 
when they crane, into, money, tad one does not 
nab them of their food. - 
But no grain was forthcoming when the 
work was finished. Tte vfflage wa s again 
awash with rinnonre which, tins nine, seemed 
altogether pbmrible. 

The headman had always wanted to own a 

mill on the village stream, tea had never had 
eno ugh money to braid one. Yet no s ooner 
was the path completed dan he bean 
building the nrifl. Tbe kmgertiie payment for 
the villagers’ worit was d elayed , the more 
convinced some of them became thrt he had ^ 
conspired with dishonest officials to sell thc£ 
village's . grain tmd to pocket the proceeds. 

■ Bidyadat was bt*inning to <tes^ir of ever 
receiving the payment winch, he hadhoped, 
would hdp to feed his hungry femily. But, just 
as he lad given up afi hop^the consignment 
of wheat arrived — whereupon he decided tta 
he no longer wanted his payment in the form 
of grain. If he took wheat, he would-teve to 
baSr it for rice and teBtas fa the valley and 
would probably lose on the transaction. - 

Those villagers who wanted to be paid in 
r-ach not in land, asked the h ea dman - his 
good name restored — to dispose of the grain 
on their befcaM: he would obtain a better price 
if he sold the whole lot ax one go. 

Bidyadat still wante d no cash, bet hadj[ 
found a better way to outwit the moneyfcnd*. r 

ere. He took only some tf ho wheal 4 

The rest he entrasted to the headman, who 
would seflit in the valley and would buy rice, 
and for him more cheaply than he 
could do hknsdC 

The did wbat the villagers 

wanted. The grain workedomatthe 
equivalent ofabout 1 5 rupees (87p) for a day's 
work, enough to feed a femily like Btdyadai’s 
for three days. ... . 

The month’s work Bidyadat had put m pa 
tire path would keep his femily m food for 
three months. 

But how would he manage after tins? 

© Vktw Zoraa, 1986 

Next Monday: The vfflage shopkeeper 
faces a challenge 



Liberty, Terror and Virtue: 
works by Ian Hamilton Finlay; 
Tbe Smith Art Gallery and 
Museum. Dumbarton Rd, Stir- 
ling: Wed to Sun 2 to 5, Sat 
10.30 to 5 (ends June 22). 

Artists at Apptehayes; Her- 
bert Art Gallery and Museum, 
Jordan Weil Coventry; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
July 6). 

Wild Knitting; Walsall Art 
Gallery and Museum, Lichfield 
St; Mon to Fri 10 to 6, Sat 10 to 
4.45. (ends June 21). 

Victorian and Edwardian 
slides; Salisbury and South 
Wiltshire Museum, 65 The 
Cose; 10 to 430. 

Oils and Watercolours by 
Chris J Fergusson 1876-1957; 
The Old Town Mill, 
Maxwell town, Dumfries; Mon 
to Sax 10 to 8, Sun 2 to 5 (ends. 
June 14). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,055 


I Capital cover, naturally (5). 

4 He doesn't think much of 

the future (9). 

9 Work setback in treatment 
of insides to cause ill-feeling 

10 Three points or one in Spain 

II Dull church marriage (5). 

12 Forever wanting a tip (9). 

13 Start in error in the passage 


15 Engineer goes for profit (7). 

18 Step bock before minor, 
lacking spirit (7). 

20 The therapist Erasmus con- 
verted (7). 

21 Quiet with revolutionary — 
at one on victimizing others 

23 Not losing heart after a time 
is a factor (5). 

25 Run away European return- 
ing East (5). 

26 Man’s first job (9). 

27 Rate a water supply essen- 
tial for a plant (9). 

28 An article by servicemen 
creates some heat (5). 


1 Men in the same craft (9). 

2 Examination in accoun- 
tancy put to the said French 

form (5). 

3 Quickly stop, as the arrange- 
- mew allows (9). 

4 Register dissatisfaction and 
annoyance about corruption 


5 Slight 

role in The Merry 
»’fv£*y of Windsor (7). 

6 The child is a girl (5). 

7 Island where there’s no 
charge for accommodation? 

8 Stay that's treated with pitch 


14 The heart of tbe trouble in 
the Paris beauty contest? (5- 

16 Will try accepting gentle 
direction (9). 

17 Get a smart plan worked* 
out (9). 

19 Gravel used for roofing (7). 

20 Mixed in among relevant 
matter (7). 

21 Flatten reporters! (5). 

22 A little publicity about 
males being better (5). 

24 A person never willingly 
away from borne (51. 

Changing Places: works by 
Robert Hunter and Adrian Da- 
vies; Oriel Gallery, 53 Charles 
St, Cardiff; Mon to Sat 9 to 530 
(ends June 21). 

Art for Everywhere; Peter- 
borough Musuem and Art Gal- 
lery, Priestgate; Tues to Sat 10 to 
5 (ends June 28). 

Last chance to see 
Megaliths in Brittany, Guern- 
sey Museum A Art Gallery. 
Can die Gardens, St Peter Port; 
1030 to 4.30. „ . , 

Steam into Rutland; Rutland 
Railway Museum, Ashwell 
Road, Cottesmore 1 1 to 5 Book 
collecting - nine famous collec- 
tors; Dove Cottage and Words- 
worth Museum, Grasmere, 
Ambleside, Cumbria; 1 1 to 430. 

Tbe Law Bequest and Port 
Gift, pictures; Eastbourne 
photographic Society; Towner 
Art Gallery, Eastbourne; lOto 5. 

Paintings by Helen Marshall: 
Landscapes by Liam Hanley. 
Phoenix Gallery, Larenhatn. 
Suffolk; 2 to 6. 

Jazz by Geoige Melly, John 
Chilton and the Feetwarmers; 
The Cash Hotel Ross. 8. 

Organ recital; Coventry 
Cathedral 1. _ 

Concert by the Nash En- 
semble; St George’s, Brandon 
Hill Bristol 1. . _ . . 

Clarinet recital by Donald 
Oehler; Radwinter Parish 
Church, Nr Saffron Walden, 8. 


Northumberland County 
Show; TynedaJe Park Rugby 
Ground, Cumbria, 10.30 to 5. 

Spring Bank Holiday Market: 
market, puppet shows, music 
and street theatre; Marketplace, 
Chesterfield, 9 to 430. 

Ashby Carnival 1986: pro- 
cession, stall*, sideshows, races, 
and clowns; Bath Grounds, 
Station Rd, Ashby de la Zonch, 
12 to 530. 

Teibury Mediaeval Fayre and 
Woolsack Races; Market Place. 
Gumstool Hill Tetbmy, 10 to 5. 

Craft Demonstration and Ex- 
hibition; fine furniture; Brigbts 
of Netilebed, Fore St, Tepsham, 
10 to 4. 

Book Fair; Central Library, 
Portsmouth, 10 to 5. 

Nature Notes 

Swifts are screaming over city 
skies; blackbirds sing in the 
evening In the depths of horse- 
chestnut trees. Carrion crows 
are snatching young birds from 
their nests; starlings churr anx- 
iously as one comes near their 
noisy brood, magpies dive at the 
crow and try to chase him away. 

Crows and magpies together 
have already decimated many 
large broods of mallard duck- 
lings. House-martins are collect- 
ing mud for their nests under the 

eaves. Spotted fly catchers are 
back on garden fences, darting 
out for insects; many of them 
will nest in Virginia creeper on a 
garden walL . 

First summer flowers include 
foxgloves and herb-robert In the 
woods, ragged robin in wet 
meadows. Tbe yellow flowers of 
Oxford ragwort and the glitter-, 
ing leaves of sQverweed are 
common on the roadsides. But 
in many {daces buttercups are 
opening very late this year. Tbe 
large, coarse leaves of colt's foot 
are spreading now that tbe 
flowers have gone. 

Queen wasps are building 
their large papery nests or laying 
eggs in them. Workers will 
emerge next month; perfect 
mates and females will follow 
them and mate with each other. 
The workers and the males will 
die, and only the new fertilised 
ill be left to hibernate 


London ml M 

Roatf widened ® Brartwoofl, remuawa 
ret easmound esrn* gwMiy. w* 
luma oamaw«y to **?5S5 

lane, urn 

Ctamck roadworks, tew doewaa on 


Doth camagsweys Betwee n ttw A zav 

tunctoi 4 end EeK Sweettootori^e. 

’lUdtande: Ml NomwmpKHishtra: 
contraflow bet w ee n 

aiimton. end tfl Dewntrv M5e Contraiw 
between junctions 4, wuriftflrow 
junction sfOroewtch end the soutNwwid 
entry sfip road ts dosed at tun cBonS- At, 
Notfaghanishira: Cudraflow on theAl 
Cromwell by-P®*® between Nortn 

MuxnamaraJ luxfcnL , 

Monte WtAOraenr ^awMerWwl- 
ous lane reawalon# on Ba rton _a noge. 
AIM Norfli YotkShbW ConWflowM 
Bw imi m wrrii n ngB south awM 


a. M50-M5 interc ha nge and Juraaon 9. 

M7* North of access to 
Bacfcwood, northbound carriageway a 
dosed, two way traffic on southbound 
camageway. AM; North ofLesmahagow, 


Bnflge and Lfltterteilay 


queens trill 
til next spring. 


Bond winners 

The winner of this week's 
£100.000 Premium Bond prize 
with number 4CF 741065 lives 
in Basingstoke. £50,000: 13CZ 
226672 (West Lothian).' 
£25,000: 13YW 953943 (En- 
field, Middx). 

Births: John Churchill First 
Duke of Marlborough, Ashe, 
Devon, 1650: Edmond de Gon- 
court, writer, Nancy France, 
1822; Mary Queen, consort of 
George V, Kensington Palace, 
1867. ^ „ 

Deaths: Saint Augustine, first 
archbishop of Canterbury, 
604/605; The Venerable Bede, 
J arrow, 735; Sanwel Pepys, 
London, 1703; lincoln Ells- 
worth, explorer. New York, 
1951: Jacqnes Lipchitz, sculp- 
tor. Capri, 1973. 


Pressure will remain 
low to the north of Scot- 
land and high over eu- 
rope. A weakening trough 
of low pressure will be- 
come slow moving over 
East Anglia, the south 
midlands and south 

6am fo midnight 

London, SE, Cmi S Brntod, E 
AngBa, MJtflends: Mostly cxwdy bid 
some bright or nmy intervals 
espeaaffy at first drizzle m 
later; wind SW moderate; max 18C 

E, cm N, NE England: Cloudy 
with rain in places at test sunTO 
intervals developing; wind I Vt wSW 
moderate or fresh; ntaot 17C P? 

Channel Wands. SW. NW 
gland, Wales: Cloudy with occa- 
sional rain or drizzle; hffi and coast 
fog; sunny intervals developing 
inland; wind W or. SW moderate or 
fresh; max 16C ( 61 F) . 

Lake District, Isle of MeH.SW. 
NW Scotlend. Gtaego^Chn i«gb- 
tands, Argyll N Ireland: Showers, 


Aberdeen, Moray 

and smmy^wrvateiwnd SW fresh; 

High Tides 

max 1 — 

HE Scotland, 
Showers ortanger 

r, Shetland: 
of rate, 

onuMoia w . r . r 

some heavy; bright intervals 
devetoping; wind SW fresh or 

strong: max 12C (54 F). 

Ouflook for tomorrow 
Wednesday: Continuing unsettled. 


Mnw sky: tedue sky and dond: c- 
doudy: Mwcait: f-for. tUtnxOK h- 
tulk mist-mine r-ratn: shkow: Ov- 
ttuindcrstorm: p4taouMrs. 

Arrows chow wtnd dlracUon. wind 

weed <nw*W dretsd. Tsnvsnture 






London Bddga 



































a .26 









a a 




























Kt'.'fnnl Urarare 












































Around Britain 

The Week’s Walks 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,054 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise crossword page 8 

Today: Who are »s Cockney's?. mwrtSI 
Poor* Tube, llan: Sawn* Norman 
Londoa moot M msom OTLoimon, 
r. Hourwd London: A Bboo tWWh 
In a pub), mow St Psora 

.uoyOind, yiXJpm. 

T umoi TOw : Inns oi C ^urt: En gtenda 

West End. mool B nibufcm ont Undor- 

Br wSdno^^ 1 Soho: London's . Most 
ColouriDl Vdaoo, moat LWeootar Squara 
Underground. 11.1 5am; Logoi 
Londoransda The Uw .Coai ^ mool 
HoBwro Undorbround. ZJXten; Be« dl 
Bmsh Pubs Nnht moot Band Stroot 
Unowgraund, 7aflp*n- 
Thuradsy: Ute and Times of Winston 
Church*, moot SI Janos Park Under- 
ground, Horn; Underworks London: 
Fawn's Friends, meet Muaoum of Lon- 
dan. zaoom: A Ghost Waic tho Maumsd 
— mats St Poors Underground. 

Magic Square Mfle, meet St 

Paul's Underground. 11am; Histone 
Wastmraw. maei Wsstmlnstar Unoor- 
ground, 2pm; Rhiarside Pub Tour, meal 
teeckfii a re Undmound, 7pm. 

Saturday; London's Ftnesi Old Shoos 
around Mgyfaff. meet Grew PM Unoer- 
□rotnd, 11am: Spring Nature Wafc on 
Hamp s i ea d Headi, meet Jack Snow's 
CasM Pubflc Hossa, 2pnc The Ute and 
Tmes of Charles Ockans. meet St Pant*o 

Ui ger^o und. ZSOpm. 

Customs and Curios of we 

Cky. meet Uomanacd Underground, 
Ham Pans. The Plague and tre ere* 
Fire, me* Museum tf London, 030pm: 
An H Bone Pud Wsflc Cowre Garden, 
me* Kaftan Underground, 7J30 prl 

Times Portfolio Gold rules are as 

“rnU PortfoOola 

of The Tuna Is noc a condition or 

tsfetng part- 

a Times PortflUo Ust cqmp rtsci a 
grow of Dubuc co m po nl a whose 

ll IT tor any reas on. T he Tunes 
Prtces Pane b not miM W i wl to ttw 
normal way Tima Portfolio win be 
suspended tar Hun day. 

How xo play - My W *« * 

areiSed aocJc 

comnaiua comprising dul 
Chaiwe from &. » <**%■ 
iwiudi ts numnered I - «4). 


The ust 

■wiuoi d iwiHMini . — ■ ■/ is divided 
into four randomly dtt Uiattted grqgps 
or ix shares. Evny Portnaup card 
contains two numbers from each 
group and cacti cam contains a 
unioue set or numbers. 

3 Tima portfolio ‘dt v wetur wm be 
the ilgure to pence whtai represents 

^ oDOmuRi mo veme nt tn pnea (Le. 

largest increase or lowest loss} ora 
comUnaaon of etatu (two from each 
randomly dtsurttMdedmmip within the 
4d shares; Of the «4 stiarqswlaMi on 
any one day com p n se The Tunes 
Portfolio Ust, 

a The dally dividend wb Be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend wtu be announced each 
Saturday tn The Umoa. 

S Tima Portfolio Ust and details of 
the daily or weekly mvtoend wm atao 
be avaUabta for toapecUcn at the 
offices of Tne Times. 

fi If the overall price move ment of 
more thjo one cocnntnailon of Para 
corals the dividend, the prlz* will be 

7 All ciabna are etiUect to acridla y 
before payment. Any Tiroes Portfolio 
card thins defarad, tampered wtth or 
incorrectly printed to any way win be . 
declared void. 

B Employees o r News lps emauowat 
pic ami Its subsidiaries aim of 
Europrint Group Umitad (producers 

and distributors of the artJ_,or 
mSn b er s of jbett tnHpediase famflia 
are not aunwed to piay Tima 

9 as pantdpants wS m subiaa to 
those PuteS- Ail lna iru cti o na .an -tipw 
- and “how to cUBfW* whether 
1 in The Time* or in Tuna 
canto v® be dcomd to be 
part *f thoe^.Rule*. p* SffiST 
reservw the right to amend PwRuto. 

to In any dispute. The Editor's 
decudon Sftoai .and no correspoo- 
deoce wU be entered Into. 

on the Stock Exchange Prtces page. 

m the columns provided, n«ct to 
your shares note the prtce chaogs (* 
or in pence, a pUbttshed to that 
days times. 

After listing the price cha nges of 
your eighi shares Rnr that day. add up 
au etghi mare changa ■<> give you 

^our overall total plus or minus C+ or - 

Check your overall total against ~1 
TWig Portfolto dhridend pBbttohed 
tbe nock hatangc Prtca pase. 


your ilitly 

tf your overall total matcSias The 
Tima Portfolio dividend you here 
won outran: or ■ share ot ok low 
prtre mooey stale d for ma t day mid 
must ctatm your prize as tnstructsd 
below. " 

Mar to Mr - W— M y 
Mo od y ■ CahMd ay record 

Add these togethe r to deHrmtae 
your weekly Portfolio wtaL 

If your total matches the 
wee k ly dividend Bgreysu 
outrani or ■ share of thear — .- 
stated lor that week, rad .must < 
your print as tnatructtd below. 

You must have your carer with yoo 
when you t el ephone. 

between the attpuuted Uroes. 

No raspanHbauy ran 

for failure to contact the — ~ 

far any reason wttnto the stated 

The above tastnirttoto^ >»JW- 
pUcable to both dally Kid weekly 
dhridend d 

Temperaww at rakktoy yesterday: c, 
douct f. lair r, rates. an c p 

Bsifsst r 1254 teamaey c 13® 

c 1661 b an— s 1254 

8 1355 Jersey »1681 

C 1559 London 1 1559 

CartfUl e1457 HTnchaMr C14W 

Edtnborgh M4S7 Hew crafl s C 1559 

Qaagow f 1457 RTIdaway (1355 

Sua FSsasc Sun Sets: 
455 eon 9U1 pm 

Moon sets Moon rises 
035am 1258»n 

Lest Quartan May 30 

Lighting-up time 

London 9.31 pm to 4.24 on 
-fimtoi &40 gm to 424 an 
Ednbwgh 1028 pm to 4.12 am 

9 *9 pm to 422 am 

Panz a n ce 9.48 pm to 422 em 

The pound 



2.(9 MS' 

242 2&5 

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' denotes Saturday's ftgurss are litas 


" cs rnr^he prize was neither a gold 
- I medal nor personal glory, but 
A life itself and more than 20 
million people around the world ran 
for it yesterday. 

. The Race Against Time, the 

IXZ- biggest sporting event in history, 
held to save the famine victims of 
^ Africa, dwarfed all the Olympics, all 
~ V;5 the Commonwealth Games, all the 
World Cups. It seemed likely to, 
outpace the unprecedented achieve- 
- - - mentsofthe Live Aid pop concerts a 

- year ago, which raised £43 million. 

In almost 300 cities in 78 court- . 
tries, the torch lit from the embers of 
.... a Sudanese refugee camp and carried 

.-.V. to the steps of the United Nations 

- headquarters in New York was the 
symbol followed by millions of men, 
women and children. 

.j-ju They ran in the early morning rain 

r'r^ of Brisbane, under the midnight 

—I stars of New Delhi, in the midday 

■■ sun in Manhattan, in the afternoon 

- -heat of Athens, Barcelona, Budapest 
and Rome. They ran. through slums 

"■T-r and city centres,, down back streets. 

. and boulevards. They raised dust in 
— 1 Africa, blisters in New. Zealand r 

'at [ ■■ IVIore than^a^mSlKMi Britons are-* 

\ believed to have taken parti include 

.■y ing an estimated 200,000 at Hyde 
W h Park in London- Eveiy stride! was 
« helping to raise cash for the appeal, 
i.- / Bob Geldof. who launched the. 

' \ . venture as a sequel to Live Aid, 
. r joined the Hyde Park runners in a 
• carnival atmosphere. He told a huge 
crowd before the start of the six-mile 
- . event at 4pm British time: “It’s one 
thing to watch a pop concert, it’s 
. ' another to get out and run. You can 
_ affect the world you live in” 

_Jr - While praising the massive inter- 
national response, he was strongly 

- critical of governments and the 
" "j -• United Nations for not doing more 

to help the millions of malnourished 
and starving in Africa “If they don't 
act, they they don’t deserve to 

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r tow^g o ^lnat tw- Tirniiallgrip^fakTnff partin the London r^whik in Cardiff actor ftian Blessed hopped ronad the 
>le like those who are ' with cash, cheques and credit cards They included a group of nuns in block” Hi 

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represent people like those wbo are' ' 
taking part today”, he said. 

He had planned to fly to New 
York with Omar Khalifa, the Suda- 
nese athlete who had visited 12 
European capital cities with an 
Olympic torch since starting . Sport 
Aid 10 days earlier. However, he 
followed medical advice and can- 
celled the trip because of tonsillitis. 

Last night the Sport Aid . or- 
ganizers were beginning to add up - 
the money, expected to reach a final 
total of many millions of pounds. A 
television global audience of more 
than 1.5 billion people, linked by 16 
satellites, was urged to contribute 

with cash, cheques and credit cards 
to banks of volunteers. By midday 
yesterday, more than £165,000 had 
been pledged in Britain through 
telephone calls, but it will be days, if 
not weeks, before the total response 
can be gauged. 

Nick Cater, Sport Aid's spokes- 
man in Britain, said:“The UK will 
be the biggest fund-raising country. 
At least a million people are 
expected to do something for the 
cause today. About 350,000 people 
have registered to join the 13 official 
runs in this country, but up to 
700,000 more could be taking part in 
other events.” 

They included a group of nuns in 
Brighton planning to run round the 
garden of their convent, and a 
prisoner loping round the exercise 
yard at Dartmoor Prison. Rory 
Dale, who is serving seven years for 
armed robbery, was followed by a 
prison officer, Reg Pow. The pair 
hoped to raise about £300 for the 
appeal. “I am keen to give a little 
back, and this seemed an ideal way 
of doing it". Dale said. 

Apart from officially-organized 
runs, thousands of smaller events 
took place throughout Britain. Many 
people followed Geldof s call to 
“open your doors and run round the 


coarse as Long John Silver, 

block". His father. Bob Geldof 
senior, signalled the start of a race in 
Tralee, co. Kerry, one of scores of 
outings in Ireland. About 10,000 
took part in a race in Phoenix Park, 
Dublin. The Irish organizers were 
hoping to prompt the same generos- 
ity that enabled the country to hand 
over an average of £2 per head of 
population in last summer's Live 
Aid response. 

In Cardiff, more than 20,000 
joined in a race led by David 
Bedford, the former world 10,000 
metres record holder. Dozens of 
mothers pushing babies in buggies 
took part. Actor Brian Blessed 

• -• ■ . 

- . i; i ■■■ 

complete with crutch 

hopped round the course in a Long 
John Silver costume and a crutch. A 
group of about 10 owners of Sinclair 
C5 trikes pedalled round the city 
centre. There were thousands of 
runners in organized races in Aber- 
deen, Glasgow and Edinburgh. 

In London, the former Olympic 
swimmer Duncan Goodhew, who 
look pan in the Hyde Park run, 
summed up the feeling shared by 
millions across the globe: “The spirit 
is great and I just hope that the 
governments throughout the world 
listen to the message these people are 

Thomson Prentice 

. i . 

*-> f* V 

Tt’s one thing 
to watch a pop §f 
concert, it’s 
another to get 
out and run’ 

Cream dp No 39 

Jv*,- ** ir"' 

: - £r , 

The best 
thing since 
sliced bread. 

T&sty Mushroom and 
Bacon Toast Toppers. 


£11,237 ALL IN 

Everything you see outside the Volvo 740 Estate fits It has power steering and power brakes, 

comfbrtabiy inside the Volvo 740 Estate. And a 23 litre engine that pulls its weight even 

Even with five adults aboard, it has a 40 cubic when it’s lugging 75 cubic feet ofluggage. 
foot boot Both passengers and cargo anke are protected by 

And if you fold down the rear seat, you open up 75 Volvo’s legendary safety cage. ■ 

cubic feet of cargo space. Hence the dummies in our picture. 

From the driver's point of view, though, the 740 They've survived barrier tests, rear-end collision. 

Estate is extraordinarily sioon-like. tests, side collision tests, r bfl. over and pole collision tests. 


Proving that the 740 Estate doesn’t just carry a hefty 

load. Ittakes one offyour mind, too. 

Ffo: Volvo, Springfield House," Princess Street^risSB^~4^1 
| For a brochure, telephone (0272) 217082 car post the cotgjon. j 

| Mr/Mrs/Miss — . 7g3oo4-F-2i j 

The avant 

y>- • 


In elegant marquees spread on the 
lawn of West Dean Park, a 
massive part-Jacobean, part-Re- 
gency and very Edwardian castel- 
lated mansion, the lots are 
displayed: from monogrammed 
sheets to royal furniture, from 
^ Salvador Dali to Picasso, from 
sporting trophies to privately pub- 
lished poetry — the most intimate 
evocation of affluent life in two 
vanished eras. 

It is (rather erroneously) titled 
“The Edward James Collection” 
and Christie’s intend to auction it 
between June 2 and June 6. The 
catalogues contain no fewer than 
2,679 lots. Meanwhile everything 
is on view from today until 
Saturday ( I Oam to 6pm). 

Edward James was born in 
1 907, reputedly fathered by King 
Edward VII who was certainly his 
godfather and a dose friend of his 
mother, both before- and after her 
marriage to the enormously 
wealthy American William James. 
- William's father had inherited a 
** big timber business in New York 
State, married into mining and 
played a leading part m the 
development of the American 
railroad system. He settled in 
England around 1830 and fathered 
four sons of whom;WiBiaxn, born 
in 1854, .was the youngest- 

William's marriage to the soci- 
ety beauty: Evelyn Forbes at St 
Paul's, Knightsbridge, in 1889 was 
one of the great social events of the 

year. The couple remodelled West 
Dean and furnished it in the most 
lavish taste of the day, using it to 
entertain the brightest and best of 
the - Prince of Wales's set. They 
also had a bouse in Scotland and a 
London home in Stanhope Street 
Furnishings from aD these estab- 
lishments. lovingly hoarded, by 
their son Edward until his death in 

1984, are offered for sale. 

Edward inherited one fortune 
from his uncle Frank who was a 
great traveller, yachtsman and big 
game hunter. He was trampled to 

death by an elephant in 1890; the 
elephant's foot was turned into a 
wake-paper bin. He inherited bis 
father’s fortune at his death in 
1912, though he did not have the 
use of it until he came of age in 

His life thereafter was one long 
poetic spending spree. He had met 
John . Betjeman at Oxford and 
published his first book of poems. 
Otherwise the James Press, his 
own private press, published only 
•his own poetry of which examples 
are for sale. In 1931 he married 

The People’s Palace returns 

Twice destroyed by 
fire, the People’s 
Palace is rising again 
from the ashes. 
Rear Bellamy watches 
the revival 

These days one explores Ally 
Pally only with a hard hat, an 
official escort and a good 
reason. The Victorian wreck, 
bom in 1873 but twice ruined 
by fire, is a massive mess 
hinting at past and future 
magnificence, an echoing half- 
emptiness of rubble, mighty 
machines and cautionary no- 
tices. Alexandra Palace is 
being restored at an estimated 
cost of £35 million, plus £15 
million of what might loosely 
be described as private fund- 
ing for such ancillary attrac- 
tions as a hotel, an ice-skating 
rink and a television museum. 
The Palace of the People, as it 
used to be known, wilj reopen 
in January 1988. 

“U would have been cheap- 
er to have knocked the whole 
place down”, says Tim Walsh, 
fre deputy general mana g e r. 
“Bui this is exciting — taking 
an old, run-down, burnt-out 
building and transforming it 
into what the original 
founders were looking for.” 

Alexandra Palace and Park 
is a charitable trust bom in 
1 901. Its purpose was and is to 
cater for the public's “leisure, 
pleasure and recreation”, as 
Walsh puts iL “That grand 
objective is our guiding light” 

The sprawling eight and a 
half acres of Alexandra Palace 
are at the summit of 196 acres 
of wooded, sloping parkland 
equipped with a pitch and putt 
course, a ski slope, a boating 
lake, a garden centre, and a 
mini-zoo for children. The 
parkland has already been 
rescued from vears of neglect 
Since 1982. more than 5.000 
trees have been pla nte d, and 
the Victorian rose garden has 
been restored. 

The shell of the Palace, 
poised on its charming, ver- 
dant height between Wood 

Green and Muswell Hill com- 
mands a breathtaking pros- 
pect across the parkland and 
13 miles of London to the 
television transmitter at Crys- 
tal Fa far e That distant mast is 
a reminder that the BBC matte 
its first high-definition televi- 
sion transmission from Alex- 
andra Palace in 1936. The old - 

» Model of part of the new Alexandra Palace: tbe real tiling opens in January 1988 

studios are to bouse tbe new 

“Ally Pally” lasted only 16 
days before its first fire bat 
was restored in less than two 
years and reopened in 1875. 
'Hie second flare-up came in 
J980. and it was not until 1984 

4 Alexandra Palace . 
and Park will be 
independent and self- 

that work began on restoring 
the main structure. Tbe build- 
ers are scheduled to hand over 
the completed blend of old 
and new by October 1987, 
thus allowing the private army 
of the People’s Palace three 
months for training and ma- 
noeuvres before they go on 
active service. . 

Athletics, basketball box- 
ing. gymnastics, table t enni s 
and tennis are already booked 
in for the first three months of 
1988. Television companies 
and sports governing bodies 
have helpfully specified their 
needs. Promoters and spon- 
sors have made notes. “We 
have taken care with the 
design”, says Walsh, “so that 
rt will suit as many sports as 
possible." But occasionally he 
has been underwhelmed by 
the response lo an exciting 
new dawn for British sport. 
■*lndoor sports facilities in 
Britain compare unfavourably 
with those on mainland .Eu- 

rope and in the States”, he 
says, “and many of Britain’s 
sports governing bodies are 
simply not geared to the needs 
and possibilities of the 1980s 
and the future.” 

In terms of sport; Alexandra 
Palace’s main possibilities are 
the Great' Hall (6,670 square 
metres, a maximum of 7,500 
spectators, and room for an 
athletics track of either 160 or 
200 metres) and the West Hall 
(2,780 square metres and a 
maximum of 2,500 specta- 
tors). Hiring charges in 1988, 
inducting all services, will be 
£12J00a day for tbe Great 
Hall and £5,150 for the West 

The coming attractions at 
Alexandra Palace will not be 
restricted to sport. There will 
be exhibitions, conferences, 
banquets, concerts, or simply 
relaxation in the restored 
Palm Court, with its tropical 
vegetation, fountains, bar and 
restaurant, live entertainment, 
and an arched canopy con- 
taining 2,500 panes of glass. 
The restored Victorian theatre 
will be home fora local drama 
company. A 200-room hotel is 
to be built, and there will be 
parking space for more than 
2.000 cars. 

The cash for the basic 
redevelopment comes from 
investments based on insur- 
ance payments (almost £19 
million) after the 1980 fire and 
a grant of £8.5 million made 
ihe sameyearby the Greater 

London Council when they 
transferred their trusteeship to 
the borough of Haringey. Nor 
should one overlook the reve- 
nue from the Alexandra Pavil- 
ion, a remarkable, fabric- 
roofed temporary structure 
erected in 1981. The Pavilion 
has accommodated exhibi- 
tions. boxing, darts and pool 
but it will eventually be sold. 
Tbe site will become a car 

Alexandra Palace and Park 
will be independent and self- 
supporting, with no repercus- 
sions on ratepayers. “We will 
have no public sector money". 
Walsh says, “so the building 
roust have a commercial 
heart. The surplus revenue 
from exhibitions, entertain- 
ment. sport and the rest will be 
used for wider social objec- 
tives - such as maintaining, 
developing and beautifying 
the park and increasing its 
use.” He estimates that two- 
thirds of the revenue will 
come from exhibitions and 
the rest mostly from sport. 
“We feel that the sports side 
will grow fester than the 

The old racecourse has 
gone: So has the railway 
station. But for the second 
lime the People's Palace is 
rising from the ashes. On top 
of it, a statue of an angel is 
already in place, gazing across 
London. Perhaps it should 
have been a phoenix. 

Edward James 
(below), a great 
1930s patron of the 

avant-garde., are on 
display this week. 

And everything, as 
Geraldine Norman 

were genuine antiques, reproduc- 
tions or an amalgam of the two. 
Satinwood was all the rage and 
there are fine Sheraton pieces, 
Dutch examples of the same 
period with neo-classical inlay, 
and Edwardian 

reproductions-Iialian shopping 
sprees resulted in heavily carved 
walnut chests and commodes 
made to incorporate the panels 
they had acquired from Neapoli- 
tan slate carriages. 

The London house was mainly 
decorated with good French 18th- 
century' furniture and there is 
plenty of it, mixed with 19th- 
century copies of famous pieces, 
such as the writing table made by 
Riesener for the Petit Trianon. 
Edward was equally happy with 
copies and one of the curiosities of 
the sale is an elaborate ormolu- 
mounted black lacquer commode 
made for him by the West Dean 
estate carpenter. William Be vis, as 
a pair to a genuine Louis XV 

The mainstream of 
Edward's shopping is reflected in 
the Regency and fake Regency 
furniture which was favoured by 
leading London decorators of the 
1930s, together with the quirky 
products of the avant-garde artists 
whom he patronized. The imita- 
tion bamboo furniture fashionable 
in the Regency period and much 
imitated in the 1930s is also there 
in quantity. 

sodalities and of . 

explains, is for sale 

Above: James photographed 
by Norman Parkinson in his 
study with the composer Igor 
Markevftch, 1936 
Left The bed created for Tilly 
Losch by Norris Wakefield 
Bight A Loom XV lacquer 
commode: James commis- 
sioned a copy of ft 
Below: An ass's bead by De- 
rain, made for a ballet. 1933 

Tilly Losch, one of Diaghilev's 
dancers, and mounted a ballet 
season for her in Paris in 1933. 
roping in leading artistic talent of 
the time from Balanchine, Brecht 
and Kurt Weill to Derain and 

After the break-up of the mar- 
riage in- 1933 he became the 
leading patron of Salvador Dali 
and other Surrealist artists, em- 
ploying them to redecorate his 
homes in Wimpole Street. West 
Dean and, most especially, 
Monkton, the little Lutyens shoot- 

ing lodge built by his father on the 
West Dean estate. The sale con- 
tains furnishings from all these 

Other pieces come from his 
house in the Royal Crescent in 
Bath, while a large proportion of 
the pictures are from the house in 
Malibu, California, where he spent 
the war years. Redecorating his 
houses was one of Edward’s great 
passions and some of the miscella- 
neous furnishings he bought for 
them never found a use. The suite 
of Dutch ebony and marquetry 

panelling which he bought from 
the Earl of Rosebery at Mentmore 
is a case in point and has suffered 
from long, damp years in store. 
The ormolu-mounted mahogany 
frames of a suite of Empire chairs 
are another. 

The most valuable furniture 
was bought in the main by his 
parents, including royal chairs 
from the Tuileries. Their taste 
embraced all the most expensive 
fashions of the period 1890 to 
1910 and shows a characteristic 
disregard for whether the pieces 

extravagant buying. 

highlighting the taste 

of rich Edwardian 

Above: "Paranoia Face" by 
Dali, a tnHDpe-1'oefl panel 
painting for James's dining 
room at Wimpole Street 
Right: “The gjri under die 
macs”, Tche fitchew’s portrait 
of Lottie Lenya, who per- 
formed for James in 1933 
Below: “Man-chair” by Niki 
de Saim-Phalk, a gift from the 
artist to Janies in 1982 

Two generations of 

. Iri£ i lMBS MuNOaY ma* 2o iyoo , 

-garde world of Mr James 



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Davis and caddie '§*, 

on course for 
Wentworth prize 

By Mitchell Platts 

:- 7 W r.-i ••• O'.Js ¥ >'■ 

-?• A- »r*:. • 

Rodger Davis, of Australia, caught 
most spectators by surprise then let 
his rivals off the hook in the Whyte & 
MacKay PGA Championship on the 
West course at Wenrworth yesterday. 

The majority of the Sunday congre- 
gation felt obliged to study the 
progress of Howard Clark and Nick 
Faldo, as they tried to overhaul the 
leaders, so they missed Davis's 
extraordinary surge. He netted six 
birdies in seven holes from the eighth 
en route to an excellent 68 which gave 
him a five-under-par aggregate oF21 1. 

He has a two-shot lead from Dcs 
Smyth (71): the South African John 
Bland (71) is one shot further adrift. 
Clark finished with a 73 for 215 and 
Faldo with a 74 for 216. 

Davis was assured of one spectator. 
He elected to put his hand deep in his 
pocket during the winter to purchase 
an air ticket at a cost of £500 in order 
to bring over his compratioi Bradley 
Wright as a caddie. 

“I paid him' £200 each week plus 
five percent of my winnings," Davis 
explained. “If I win then he gets a 
straight 1 0 per cent. He is worth every’ 

Wright would therefore receive 
£3.500 if Davis won. as the first prize 
is £35.000. The pair of them, howev- 
er. would have fell more comfortable 
if Davis had not faltered over the 
closing stretch. He took three putts at 
the 16th. where he contrived to miss 
from 1 8 inches, and he failed to make 

a birdie at either of the long 1 7th or 
18th holes. 

He could hardly complain. Davis 
single-putted seven holes in succes- 
sion from the eighth, which included 
salvaging a par at the ninth from out 
of a bunker. 

He has been in ibis position more 
often than most and most recently at 
the Dunhil! Masters and Benson & 
Hedges International last year where 
he eventually finished second and 
third respectively. 

Blustery conditions sabotaged 
many a score, although the inward 
half, with the wind assisting, pro- 
duced a multitude of birdies. Sandy 
Lyle, out in 40. had five birdies in a 
homeward 32 so he is still eight shots 
behind Davis. Clark's eagle three at 
the 18th lifted his prospects of 
landing a third win in four tourna- 
ments. Davis, however, is tired of 
telling the tale of the one that got 

LEADING SCORES (British and Irish unless 
stated): 211: R Davis (Aus). 73.70.68. 213: D 
Smyth, J Bland(SA), 71.72.71. 
21 S B GaBacher. 74,70.71; H dark. 
71.71.73; G Turner (NZ). 73.68,74. 216: H 
Batocchi (SA). 72.74.70: S Torrance. 
74.71.71: 1 Woosnam, 74.70.72; M McLean, 
72.71.73; G Taylor. (AusL71.71.74: N Faldo. 
68.74.74; B Smith (US), 72.69,75: M James. 
71.70.75. 217: M Catena (SpL 74.74.69; W 
Riley (Aus). 78.71 .70s C OCompr jnr, 
75.71.75; A Johnstone (ZSm). 73.73.71: R 
Boxall. D Feherty. 71.71.75: K Waters. 
71 .71.75: R Rafferty, 69.72.76. 218: G Brand, 
74.74.70; A Chandler. 73,73,72; M (SA), 
72.73.73; M Clayton (Aus). 72.73.73: J-M 
Canizares (SpL 7z.71.75. 


J £ m w 

Out in ftoat Rodger Davis of Australia watches his putt finish short of the 
hole on the 18th green at Wentworth yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 


loses her 

By John Hennessy 
The English women's amateur 
golf championship, sponsored 
by POwabaddy. brought much 
satis tact ion to Jill Thornhill, of 
Walton H»th. at Prince's on 

It was. after all. a trophy she 
had sought, on and on. for a 
quarter of a century and her 
victory by 3 and I over Susan 
ShapcotL of Knowle. brings her. 
she believes, prominently before 
the Curtis Cup selectors. 

For most spectators, however, 
the final collapsed into anti- 
climax. Miss ShapcotL 27 years 
the junior at 16. had played so 
well all week that it was sad to 
see her sudden decline after 
securing a lead of 3 up in the 
first four holes, when, according 
to her opponenL “she seemed to 
be putting into a bucket.” 

Bui ihe bucket became more a 
thimble after the turn and Mis 
Thornhill, inspired by a brilliant 
three iron to 3ft at the 1 0th. won 
four holes in a row from the 14th 
for the match. Miss ShapcotL 
quite uncharacteristically , 
exceeding par three times in a 
row and failing to match the 
winner's birdie at the 17th. 


Bale’s wild 
card ace 

By a Special Correspondent 

Stuart Bale, aged 22, pro- 
duced a dazzling display to 
defeat the lough Australian. 
Mike Baroch. 6-3. 6-2 in 78 
minutes to capture the Pruden- 
tial International title at 
Paddington yesterday. 

The British No 4 revealed an 
array of punishing services, 
crisp volleys and heavy- top spin 
drives, to boost his claims for a 
fourth successive wild card into 

Bale, after a serious knee 
injury had forced him to quit the 
circuit for three months at the 
start of the year, produced the 
form reminiscent of his vic- 
tories last season against Guy 
Forget and Mark Edmondson. 

His return of service forced 
the Czechoslovak-bom Baroch, 
aged 19. coached by Tony 
Roche and a regular practice 
partner of Ivan Lendl into a 
series of errors. 

Julie Salmon, aged 20. of 
Sussex, the British No 10. also 
chasing a Wimbledon wild card, 
defeated Amanda GnwfekL of 
Lancashire, winner of two titles 
this year, 6-3, 7-6. 


Forsyth hits 
late winner 

By John Watson 

In the first of the semi-final 
matches for the five-chukka 
medium-goal Cicero Cup. which 
was played on the No 2 
Ambersham ground at 
MidhursL Sussex, yesterday. 
Jock Grecn-Armyiage's Sara- 
cens defeated Frasers by six 
goals to five in extra lime. 

Two New Zealanders faced 
one another in the pivot po- 
sitions: Cody Forsyth for Sara- 
cens an d Stewart Mackenzie for 
Frasers, who came through to 
the semi-finals from a half-goal 
victory against Cowdray FUrk. 
Both teams played off the 
maximum handicap aggregate 
of 15. 

Saracens were the better bal- 
anced combination but were 
more prone to give away pen- 
alties than their opponents, a 
fact which forced the match into 
extra rime. The goal posts were 
widened for the extra ebukka 
and the winning shot came from 
the mallet of Forsyth, riding the 
quick-turning bay. Striker, one 
of the splendid ponies he bor- 
rows from Greco- Arm vtage's 

SARACfiNSc 1, J Gregr-Amjytage «fc 2. 
M Brow WH Foray* (6). Bade a 
SW VW (3). 



Schoolboy sprint revelation 

By Pat Batcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Jamie Henderson, a school* 
bov at Edinburgh Academy, 
became the latest in a long line 
of Scots sprinting revelations 
when he won the United Kingr 
dom championship 100 metres 
in I0.49sec at Cwmbran yes- 
terday. That time, the Laest 
legal 1 00 metres in Britain so far 
this year, and the fastest elec- 
trical clocking ever for a British 
1 7-year-old was even more 
remarkable for being run into a 
1.15 metres per second 

From being, on his own 
admission, a potential member 
of the Scottish relay squad for 
the Commonwealth games in 
his home town this summer, 
Henderson is now the leading 
contender for an individual 100 
metres place, even in front of his 
Edinburgh Southern club col- 
leagues, Allan Wells and Elliott 

British sprinting fells into two 
distinct camps of excellence, 
black Englishmen from London 
or Birmingham, and Scots from 
Ed in burgh. Scottish sprinting 
pedigree extends from Eric Lid- 
dell 1924 Olympic 400 metres 

winner, recently celebrated in 
Chariots of Fire, through David 
Jenkins. " another Edinburgh 
Academician, who was Euro- 
pean 400 metres champion at 
the age of 19. to Wells, a double 
Commonwealth and 1980 
Olympic 100 metres champion, 
and Bunney. the European ju- 
nior short sprint champion last 

Wendy Sly and Shirley 
Strong, both Olympic silver 
medal winners, had differing 
fortunes yesterday in their first 
major races in Britain since the 
Los .Angeles Games. Sly let 
another Scot Yvonne Murray 
speed a wav over the first half of 
the 3,000 metres, but gradually 
whittled down her opponent's 
impulsive lead to win in a 
reasonable time for the cold 
conditions of 8min 52.96sec. 

That, incidentally, is 10 sec- 
onds fester than Zola Budd's 
debut race at the start of last 
year's domestic season. Mrs Sly 
will run in an 800 metres race in 
Norway on Wednesday before 
deriding whether she will com- 
pete in the 1.500 metres or the 
3.000 metres at the 

Commonweatb Games. She 
wants to run in both at the 
European championships Later 
in August 

Miss Strong, the reigning 
Commonwealth sprint hurdles 
champion, was a forlorn figure 
after her championship come- 
back. Since Los Angeles she has 
had operations on both Adtifies 
tendons and her fourth place in 
yesterday's 100 metres hurdles 
final in 13.75sec, means that if 
she cannot improve at the 
women's AAA championship in 
two weeks' rime, then she will 
not even be defending her title 
in Edinburgh this summer. 

Colin Jackson, still a junior 
for the inaugural world 
championships in Athens, ran a 
superlative 13.73sec to win the 
110 metres hurdles into a 2_5 
metres per second headwind. 
Judy Oakes became the first 
British woman to put 19 metres 
in the shot, when she threw 
exactly that distance. Geoff 
Parsons set a championship best 
of 2.24 metres in the high jump, 
and Peter Eliott and David 
Sharpe were the most impres- 
sive qualifiers for today’s 800 
metres final. 


Freight comes of age 

By David Powell 

Bolton Wanderers 0 

Bristol City 3 

One of the first questions Phil 
Neal bad toask when he became 
manager of Bolton Wanderers 
fixe months ago was: “How 
important is the Freight Rover 
Trophy?" While at Liverpool 
where he won seven champion- 
ship medals. Neal paid little 
attention to this competition for 
third and fourth division dubs, 
but in future will treat it as 
seriously as the FA Cup. 

Advertised as the Family 
Final. 54.502 supporters 
brought the red of Bristol City to 
Wembley for the first time, and 
the white of Bolton Wanderers 
back to the stadium where their 
favours bad not been seen since 
Lofthouse scored both goals to 
beat Manchester United in the 
1958 FA Cup final. In glorious 
sunshine it was an occasion to 
savourand a far cry from Neal's 
last Cup final appearance, in the 
Heysel stadium. 

Although Neal was unable to 
follow the path of his erstwhile 
team colleague. Dalglish, and 

win a Wembley final in his first 
season as a player-manager, he 
has the satisfaction of banking 
for his dub almost £100,000 in 
gate receipts and spin-offs. The 
money is welcome at Bristol too 
where Neal's fellow former En- 
gland full back. Terry Cooper, 
plans to spend the profit on 
three signings to build a promo- 
tion team for next season. 

After Bolton bad made the 
early advances, with Waugh 
saving from Ogham and Cald- 
well striking the bar, Bristol 
dominated the last hour .A 
minute before half time 
Famworth, heavily challenged 
by Hutchinson, punched 
Williams’s free kick to Riley 
who struck sweetly: on 72 
minutes Famworth parried an 
angled drive by Neville but 
Pntchard beat Phillips to the 
loose ball and seven minutes 
from time, with Bristol now 
shipshape, Neville's cross was 
met by Riley's head. 

Seen. J PWSps. D Sutton. M Came. S 
Thompson G Bell). P Neat G Ogtari, 

A Cakhwn. A HarttorcLM Gawi. 

BRISTOL CITY: K Waugh, R Newman, B 
WFSams, K Curie. O Moyes. G fliey, H 
Pntchard. R Hutchinson. D Haile. A 
Wateh.S Neva* 

RoJere* G Tyson (Sundertandji 


Sweet success 
for Gumdrop 
in rough seas 

By a. Special Correspondent 

Wild weather is dominating 
the McEwan Scottish series for 
cruiser racers which is now at 
the half-way stage. 

Yet another J24 came to grief, 
turning turtle in gusty winds 
towards the end of the long 
offshore race. The crew of five 
were picked out of the sea by the 
skipper and crew of Gumdrop. 
which then went on to win her 
class without having to be 
awarded compensation for the 
time she spent in the rescue. 

The fastest boat in all nine 
classes is Barracuda of Tarrant, 
built for the BBC TV series 
Howard's Way, but she is 
having difficulty sailing to her 
steep handicap. 

RESULTS Written 1: Nads Catcher (R 
Matthews). ZXvistaa 2 Salamander (J 
Corson). DMdon % CWa Crito (J Ander- 

son). Crataar A: Mss Helios (E Martin). 
Cnmr C:Ai*ura(l Paterson). Cruiser D: 
Lemarac (B TurmocW. Cratear & Smote) 
and the Choirboys (S Sack). Cruiser F: 
juflra (DrUW Sown* Saraband 0 



Gold top 
delivery by 

By John WScodcson. 

The -victory by the 19-year-old 
Soviet rider, Igor Sumnikov, m 
the 1.2 mile prologue of the 29th 
Mi'k Race at Birmingham yes- 
ten lay was not too unexpected. 
Sumnikov has won gold medals 
at the past two world champion- 
ships - both m the team time 
trim — as a junior in 1984, and 
last year in Italy as pan of the 
quartet which set the world best 
time for 100km. 

His 31.68 mph effort yes- 
terday defeated the Sheffield 
prologue specialist. Malcolm El- 
lion. by eight tenths of a second. 
The surprise or the cool windy 
afternoon was the third place of 
Ellion's ANC-Halfords team . 
colleague Joey McLougblin. 
only a second behind 

This was only McLougblin's 
second race since he crashed and 
injured his ankle in the Tour of 
the Algarve three weeks ago. 
“I’ve been having physio- 
therapy every day on my ankle. I 
just hope it holds out, he said 

With only five seconds 
separating die first 14 riders 
yesterday nothing decisive was 
proved. The course around 
Pendigo Lake at Birmingham's 
National Exhibition Centre was 
completely flat; only the corners 
made it tricky. 

The first Soviet rider, Sergei 
Zmievsky. from Kiev, almost 
crashed on the first turn when be 
mounted the pavement and 
rode for 50 yards behind the 
crowd before rejoining the road. 
His four team-mates did not 
make the same mistake: they' all 
finished in tbe fust ten of the 77 

Elliott, last to start in a 
strengthening wind, said his 
chain jumped to the 12 -tooth 
sprocket in the finishing 
straight. “Without that, 1 think I 
would have won." Though El- 
lion lost by a fraction of a 
second, be has a good chance of 
taking over the race leadership 
today- because there is a 33- 
second time bonus for the 
winner of the opening stage, the 
longest of the race, 131 miles 
from Birmingham to Blackpool 

RESULT: 1. t Sumnfcov (USSR). 2rrw 
04SS8C 2. M BJtott (ANC-Hattarcts). 
205.7; 3, J McLoughSn (ANC-HMtonJsk 
206.0: 4. GSatfler fatori 2 OM; ftD 
Abdurfaparw (USSPL £055: 5, M 
LasnloweMJPol). 206.8; 7. T KJraipwuu 
(USSR). 2072: 8. A Dfctta (Moducel). 
207* 9. P Uwumov ft/SSRL 2050: 10. A 
TlmmSa (ANo-Hattorris). 206.1 . 

SOUS. jtwM m Lg hge S.lfcw 

3mln 52s0c2GOuctoB-L3S3aaa^SMB; 1 
M Indoram (Sp); 4. T Marie (Frafc 5. J-L 
Vradtnbroudca (BA 6. C D a mans (Bel) al 
same am*. 






HONG KOM& Open cfaampkKatupa: Men’s 
stogie*: Sam i a nila. I Suharto (Mo) M H 
Jan (CWm) IM, 15-6. Yang Yana (Crime) tt 
L Pongon (fntfol 1M. 1S«. Ftaafc Yang Yang 
t* Suqyrto &-1S. 15-8. 15-a Mm's dnOtari 
Sate-enata: B Ertamqffl Heryarao Oneo) M Li 
Yqngbo/Tlan Bnw jCwm) 1815. 12-15. 18 
7; j SaekfO W frag (Mataysa) at 6 
KartSOTYT KManxn (§we) 15-12. IM 
Women's abides: «tanrt fiesta- U Ungwel 
tenma) M K Larsen (Den) 1 1-7. 1 1-Z 
HanApmg (OmttnGu Jbmmg (China) 11-2. 
1 1-7 Host Ungwei W Mpmg 10-12 11-6. 12- 
10. Womrni'sdotMam Saa**mte U 
UngweyHan «pma (China) M H Trofca/N 
Perry (Eng) 15-7, 15-10; Ouen W a a han/Lao 
* 1 Kunaawan/fi Tandem 

SAN JUAttWodd Boring An 

‘ 1oiBMp;AL8yne<Pan)MA 


: Mok East lObrida *82 & Uie Uanz 


(WO) 11; wenn Pdy -8311. lakaw TS 1; 
wakalield 7. Liverpool 14: SV Lagom (S-*q a 
&ew Daces 8; U« Uanz 15, Robert JerMns 


CBrit (Eng) 154. 1S-11: A GoodWF Shod 
(Efl^) M EHartono/V Fofto (tndo) 15-10. 7-15. 


BBU98E1S: Ciaopean criunpiamhtp: QoaM 

t BiAgana 78. Titocw 70. 
107. Homans &*. S md en 81. The 
Nattnriands 7«; Israel 87 Finland as. Stand* 
bras; 1. IsraaL 9 pis; 2 Poland. 9. 3. Homania. 
8. 4. Buigana. ft 5. Sweden. 7: -ft Hie 
Netneriairis. 7: 7. FMamL & ft Turkey, ft 


BOGOTA: CtdomUrn Omnkr Final 

CO-mag Brno net Cqomt xm untoa i 

i. B nnautlM «9mn SBsac 2 L Hanata 
SO^JftftA Harw 51^3. FM SBMflngK 1. 
Httrem 23a- 5*min lOMC 2. I Conredor 
ZtsaatkX WPateao 3*3B*6. 

SARZANA: mete Cteric; Stea 13 rno 
mass): 1. J-Fte VwPgppei(HwV4(r4«cn« 
52 sac 2. G Bortompi pft E VantJewden 
Stag* 14: 1. MBrlto Bady(r*e>9r i7mn 
SSSk 2 i§a«iar( (K). 20 saeonds bohtodia. 
P Munoz (Sp). 21 seconds Derind; 4J1 
Vlsentka (hj. 29 seconds bated; S.GLeMond 
QJSi. same dma. Oears* ul a rrtnya , - I. O 
Saroim (R) 56nr Onto 3lsac ft 8 BaroncheHl 
0) 59*39; 3.H Vsarwd 35:1001 08WK&S 
Bouer (Can) ft2i bated: 7. A Da Seva (Ptn 
bated; B G UMontf OB)ft47 tw«nd. 


apMNrLaagaaCte aianai Orale. mat Hu. 
Barcelona 1 . Spoteg of Q)on 0: Va t o noa T. 

VANCOUVHt tote m Btt o ne t: Canada 0. En- 

9: Lwcastor 73 6- Tqmgamtonda Hiden (WG1 
5: East lObrida 1ft WtoSaW 1 0: WoNas Poly 

8:«ra; ,1: 

Um Matol 1ft 1 . ... . _ ... 

Lagan 8; Robert Janktoe 4. M Ktttode lft 
TixngemetoSe Htdan ft Wolves Poly 7. 
Wosan: Great Danas 8 wtefield Meroslft 
tha Item 7. Robert Janrina 6: Hatowood 
Town lft Cheat Dares ft Hatowood Ponan 2 
Uni Mto« 12; Wakalhdd Metros 1ft Hateood 
Town 4; Robert Jenkaa 11. teewood Fonira 


FUnBC&teaad prtz 

teal* H Sitodstrwn (Swe) W T Muster 
(AusWa) Oft G-4. SaaiHtatoto H StariSKm 
CSws) w E Soncnaz (&j) 7-5. 7-6; A Gomez 
fEc) M C Moatoto (TtjSft 6-2, 5ft Dooblas: 

* B 

DOSSELSOtP; WerW Toon Cup: Bte 

1 . A Ktetetete 


111.44-ftSHMB (Perth 

Btopr Oiwrpqal UrtV. Ill A*: ft S Hata (Forth 
Vetey). 119.15. Btai Woman; 1. A Seledwy 
S0Mrt.ra.41: ft G Hata (northern N nm 
&W. 78S8; 3. J Ramadan {Laktoand) 81 A. 


A Oakland A s 1; Kansas CRy Royofi 7. 
Ctaeaqo Whoa Set ft M M w a tf m a O e ware ft 
MamoiQia Twai* 3; Tans Raimers 3. Boston 
Red Su 2 D attm ore Onotes 5 . saatde 
Uanmn 4. NaNooal Laagoa: Chicago Cubs 
4. Houston Aaaqs 3; Monaoei Boa 7. San 
Frairaaeo Gums 4i CtooraMi Rads 4 
Paatxrah Petes 2 Si Laos Cantos*) ft 
Attain Ekms ft Los Angetee Dodger* ft 
Plu la da XA M Primes 0: Waw TWk MetfS. San 
Dtago Padres 4 


HOME: hdamaheaal maatt Hmc SB metes 
iwasnte 1. S Votary (SreQ 2ft65sac 200m 
butterfly; 1 . D Panto* (USSR) 23,62 wo- 
20te todpeteahae 1. J SzaboMnt £2247. 
200 re baduPoice: 1 . R Casern 20820. 400a 
ireeitrta: 1. M Trertsen afiftOft 
Wontanc 90 r nairas fcaa aWa. 1. S Pen! 00 

27.i8te. 20te bdHrfta; x C Reuansto (Ra) 
217.70. 200 m brastatrote 1. 9 tto jie a 
2^03. Mte haii ihnla ■ 1. D VafB» (Hun) 
21732. « 0 B» tia e atrtft 1 - * Onssz (te 
4 17.87. 

8EMKM LOE Haisteaa ft Earn 
Thurrock 1. 


ft 7ft O 

.rt JftDPo°tav68.B7, 
~ft 65: J Haas 70. 6ft 88; 
fcJkteeneygftT 1 ,©; 
tan s as. 7ft 7 2 aap 

J. 7T. W7i Dtatein!% 


BQLEft Eagteb 20-oai naeon Mseom- 
ItanCm r (Quee n's j) p b Bmmtay (Kanq 104. 
Cortta Tro phy (15 U 600 yard* V c 


1 (Australian 

£ p « c ^? T ® a 2 7 ' s - M; Cas(y n tw**l 

W Snad/Ma mr «. 6-1. 7-8. S*«aSn ft 
0 (Swedtah names flrst) M 

SJTSSS 8 * Frencsft Staa- 

t te l (S wedish names flrstlAJanydtaattttH 
Letete M. Sft6-l:WHandmWTTutaena6- 

tr-^-Frence ¥4ns lOornarneriL 

teMKftnteoflai to ta l naUu nal tour- 

Dt N Borwigk (tort 64. W anVl 

S BortelcW Go^_^te 
Hoyated/w ^ Srrrth ^j 

Cttn 7-5 

A, 0-3. 

»_ (Aus) “sX 

Bateteete: J Salmon « T 


Entend 41 , Boiaimrii 6ft 
HifWNto LEAGUE: EanboBh So. Mtoon 
tefrw 28; Gtasgow 44. Hackney 34; Patar- 
torou^) 51. Lorte Eaton 27. Serwck 50. 

PRETOfMCTdaramtctoSoufli Africa 3& New 
Zealand Centers lft 

SUVA: Toor matt: western Ft M. wales 19. 

Raae lft Sm)M 17 {(Sump 7X Hacfr» 
i^s iqjwatmotr ft 

LEAGUE CUP Srendon 41. teswtti 37; 
ftwantry 44, WttrertwnpBn 34/50*4 Wia 
2ft King s Lynn 18 . Atemonad attar anM 
heats - track wate r togged). 

BRfnSfi LEAfltA Craday HaSffi 4& Sfef- 

Saturday’s scores 

County championship 

NOfrniAHPTON. Nortrian ^tona ltap Z73 
(p J Cape! 111. R J BaSayBB; PAJ D« 
ROMs mm lor 5*. J P Agnaw four tor 81i 
BWBASTOH: Vtar ca ter stUre 880 for 8 
dac(DH BmHhlQft P A Naalo 84 n o. 8 A 
f^6a_Wanrte hrt* p4giUrl- 
BOUMOOUTte GtdXWsnrtYi 2BB for 
7 (A W Steroid 8ft K M Curran 8ft P W 
Romanies 52 v Hampat**. 

CARDER Sancnw 3r< tor 7 (R C 
CNwqng 78, H Mams 67. J G Thomas 50 n 

KEADUtGLEY; LmaeftoS 296 fC Mav- 
mri IMtt aPJWABotBfcPW J arris 
five for» YorttaWra 7 lor t. 

LORD'S: MkSSastot 342 (or 9 (QD Bartow 
(07. A J T MBsr 73. R O Butofte Sft v 

Spinners punish 

By Rk*ani Streetoa . • . 

Edgbasron : Worcestershire _ (4 . aginst Cambridge Unrv rrsity 

ptsj fo Warwickshire by Jour 
wickets- _ 

Worcestershire, set a target of 
J75. gained frteir first John 
Player League win thts season 
yesterday with four balls to 
spare David Smith, who made 
an undefeated 64, shared a 
crucial fifth wicket stand of 99 
with Weston to enable 
Worcestershire to recover from 
a poor start. 

Kafiichanaa. the former West 
Indies Test batsman, dominated 
Warwickshire's innings with an 
entertaining 101.. . which was 
marked by numerous wristy 
drives and aggressive pulls. He 
and Amiss pul on 83 for the 
second wicket in 20 overs hot 
otherwise everyone dsc was tied 
down by tight bonding and 

Illingworth and Ritei. the mo 
spinners, played a full part m 
Worcesters hi re's attack, and 
Rhodes made four stumping* as 
batsmen were lured to sd£- 
destruction. PaieL tbe off-spin- 
ner. was even given the final 
over to bowl and Neale's gam* 
We came off. 

Kallicharrao drove the sec- 
ond beD for six. and was 
slumped off the oexa Pare? 
dismissed Moles the same way 
two balls later. Kallicbarran 
finished with a six and 10 fours. 

This was KaDidtarran's fist 
Sunday League game this 
year, and he also made 100 in his 
only other first team a p pe aran ce 

His opportunities are . being 
limned since Warwickshire 
signed McMffian. a. Soma Af- 
rican. and Ka ffi chan an has an 
appeal hearing, at Lord's on 
Wednesday to be reclassified as 
an Englishman. 

But Worcestershire's nmings 
had met problems earfy on. with 
the first four wickets tumbling 
with SS scored in 21 overs. 

WKKMt aus t me ~ 

TAUDyOcRHodaBO (Mtont 2 

. OL Anwa* Rtodu b Bbmaorth™ « 

. A) Ktecbanan bPaflel — W 

GWHompaqacradterfUlWanotu- 2 

AsADntt%oc tabAW-x £ 

PA Stm» c Waafet i ■o ow onft 1 

A J Mote s Rhobeab Patttl_ — 7 

Gj Parsons fXJWot—— 1 

KJ Karr no* out ; 1 

Ex«BS(Vt>4. wft 12 

Total {7 trios. 40 am ) — . — - TJ* 
GG Sonl amt N Gtitaxi tfd not hsr 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6.2*83. 3-106. A- 
117.5-120. 64TB.- 7-173L . . 

BOWLING; Radted MK32-1. Pridgaon 
547-80. tnebmora 4-027-0. Waikto 8-0- 
37-1. HbnotaQrtU 6-1-32-2. Patel 7-0-34-3. 
ttovite D UDyd are KE.ntoar. 

ON PBlai C Sntoft b Parson* . 

CB DOteerm e Hianpaga hKmr 

DM Smith not out — 

GA HckcSmaKb Kerr — 


MJ Vfesttw b Smafl . 

- a 




SJ Rnodaa c SnuM b ftraona 

- 12 
__ . * 

A P 

Tare (Rate 382 mmsi— 

0 D todmcni-RK ■ngwartti 
PcKteon nor tot 
FALLOT WICKETS: 1-19.2-3*. 3-40. 4- 
55. 5-154. 5-168 

BCmJNGc surer s-tss-t. Parsons 7-0 
7203* ft Lloyd 10100 

Last-ball winner 

By PfeterRaH 

SHEFFTELD: Yorkshire (4 

points) beat Essex by ova wickets 

Some last-ditch heroics by 
Jarvis and Sidebotiom brought 
Yorkshire an unlikely victory 
yesterday. After their batsmen 
had been finely shackled by tbe 
relentless Essex bowling, sup- 
ported by some excellent catch- 
ing, die pair broke free at the fast 
with a stand of 62 in eight oveis, 
Sidebonom bitting Foster fix- 
six off tbe last ball to win a tense, 
low scoring match in dramatic 
fashion. It ended Essex's run of 
17 consecutive wins in limited 
over competition. 

On a puddingy wicket, with a 
slow outfield, Essex's eventual 
tola) of 162 was more for- 
midable than at one time 
seemed likely against some ac- 
curate seam bowling. Jarvis and 
Sidebotiom took a wicket apiece 
in their opening speUs. account- 
ing for Hardie, who is fine form 
at the moment, and Border, who 
is not 

Their replacements, Peter 
Hartley and Stuart Fletcher, 
were even more restrictive, 
Keith Fletcher and Pritchard 
gening totally bogged down 
until Fletcher went down tbe 
wicket to Hartley in desperation 
and was bowled. Pritchard, after 
a stay of 22 overs for his 29, 
followed immediately. 

Pont and Liliey, however, 
took advantage of the arrival of 
Carrick to lead the recovery 
with a stand of 53 in 10 overs 
before Turner, showing all his 

Reeve the 

for Sussex 

By Peter Marson 

Sussex gained their third suc- 
cess in Ihe John Player Special 
League in a decisive victory 
against Gloucestershire, whom 
they beat by 1 14 runs with eight 
overs to spare, at Hove, yes- 
terday. Sussex's best bowler was 
Derraot Reeve, and by taking 
four wickets for 22, to go with 
the award of his county cap 
earlier, it had been a day to 
remember for him. 

Put in to bat. a good start by 
Green, who made 58, and 
Parker, who made 78, with le 
Roux contributing 41 not out. 
enabled Sussex to get to 221 for 

On the second day of the 
Britannic Assurance champion- 
ship match at Derby, tbe out- 
look was bleak on two fronts, b 
was dull again, and as Dtriy 
shire pondered a disastrous start 
in tbe last passage of play be fo re 
tbe close on Saturday, when five 
wickets foil for 13 runs in 13 
overs, the prospect of meeting 
up again with a refreshed Hadlee 
must have been a shade daunt- 
ing. and planning ahead, much a 
matter of speculation. 

Yet, as Hadlee bore down, 
Derbyshire grafted for another 
89 runs, with Finney making 54. 
before felling to Hadlee, his 
sixth wickeL So, pocketing 
seven bonus points, Not- 
tinghamshire started out again 

Save for a sprinkling to 
freshen tbe red and white roses 
at Headingley, Saturday had 
been free of rain, and m the 
remaining six championship 
matches, batsmen enjoyed 
themselves rather more than 
bowlers, and Rice apart, another 
four players. Maynard, of Lan- 
cashire, Capet. Barlow and 

Worcestershire's Smith, bit 

Derbyshire v 


NOTTWOHAMSHWe first tortnae: 279 

(C e B ra»120; O MSter tour graft 
Second manga 

R T Robinson t» Warner 31 

B C Broad ttjw b F)may — — 34 

DWRandurStobMortonsan 31 

P Johnson Onr b Ftone* 71 

C E B Rea c lAar b wfonaen 1- 

M Newsfl not out _______ 17 

R J Hadlee ■ ---- 10 

Erim(|> 14 

Total (SwWs) ; 209 

experience of the one-day game, 
saw his side to relative health at 
tbe dose. 

Yorkshire's own tentative 
spell came at die beginning of 
their innings after Sharp fell in 
foe second over, brifliahtly bdd 
one-handed at extra cover fry 
Fletcher. But after the cautious 
start Love and Moxoot built 
effectively enough to leave the 
sides level pegging when Love 
holed out at deep arid wicket at 
the halfway mark. 

P J Piichan) c Bairsato b ffeictar _. 29 

BRHsRtecBalrstowbJams 7 

AHBorttfb&dabooom 4 

K WRRwctwrb Hartley <PJ) 13 

A WL*eyb Batcher . — 18 

KR-PcatfbCarrtdc 3* 

DE East c Hatcher bSaMnoom S 

S Tt»nar cBaJrrtowbJtovte ______ 24 

N A Fostve Jarvis b Garrick 2 

J K Lever _____ S 

ACAcSeUiwoor 2 

Extras (bKLw 3. nbi). 

Total 0- 


FALL OF VMXET& 1-23. &32. 38ft *■ 
70. 5-123. 6-123. 7-125. 8-137. 9-180L 
BOUVUNG: S*W»ftam 84334: Jarvis 
8-038-2; PJ Hartley 80-15-1: Cinack 8- 
8482: Batcher 8-2- 18-2. 


K Sharp cBatcberb Foster 4MDtlmon 
fewbfoatar _________ 43 

a last-ball 


CASTERJBVRY: Kent (2 pts) 
tied with Surrey (2). 

fa foe most mating of fin. 
ishes yesterday. Surrey, needing 
one to win offthe fa» boH. «*re 
foiled when Fefcfasun was run 
out by Chri st opher Cowdrey, 
tbe K e nr c aptain. 

Required to score 188, and 
without Lynch, who was 
dr opped for nsefabonned disci- 
plinary reasons. Surrey had been 
sent on ibeir way by a stand of 
70 to f l overs be t wee n Butcher 
and . Needham. ..Off foe final 
over.- howled by Baptiste, six 
were wanted. Surrey almost 
managed foeth in singes. 

In contrast to foe dismal 
attendances for Kent’s match 
against the Indians bet week, 
there was a cr owd of around 
8.000. Kent's innings was like 
foe curate’s egg. Baptiste and 
'HinJra made handy scores and 
the rest nev er qmte got going. 

Surrey bowled tightly and 
fielded extremely wen. Richards 
executed a fine stumping, stand- y 
ing. op to Morikbouse. to re- ' - 
move Christopher Cowdrey 
and. running back, did «eH to 
bold a skyer to dismiss Htsks. 

The meatiest part of Kent’s 
in pings came when Baptiste and 
Graham Cowdrey added 42 for 
the fifth wicket Needham, who 
had maintained a tidy length, 
bad 19 taken off his fast over. 

Baptise, whom his captain 
feeds win bat number five for 
West Indies one day, played 
some delightful shots off his 
legs. His half century came off 
36 balls and included a six and 
five fours. 

Tbe six was hooked off 
Clarke, who took out his frustra. 
tion on Underwood and Jarvis 
in a distasteful final over. One 
was hit on foe hdrnet. foe other 
on a shoulder and not so much 
as a wide was called. 


MR Bate* cAcfiaffobFetaton _. 11 
SGHoflaeftevdsbDBRgteT — 37 

CJTavactbOatfea iff 

NR Tartar cWanSbNatttum. — .. 16 
Retards bMOflMtoasa 10 
G it COtteayc Stated bFatfren _. 21 

EAtopiistoDGbrta 52 

C (ten run out 2 

SAMarstibCtato 6 

DL Underwood not out 6 

KBS Jana notour 1 

Extras ( b«, b3) -_7 

' Tom ( 9 wte. 40 owanj 187 

FAIL OF WCtCETS 1-31. 2-55, 3-74. 4- 
87. 543. 6-135. 7-165. 8-178. 8-181. 
BOMJNG. Dou^ny 80-29-1 ; FaWw» 8- 
(M2-2; NnwXianj 80-45-1: ManBxxiaa 8- 
023-1; Otofca 8041-3- 
ttayiiw: B J Mayar aod PS WflghL 

.. v 



J O UwW cTunar b AdWd 
S N H»ri)ey c Foster D Turner . 


PJHarflayc Foster b Pom — 

P E Rattoaon b Fosanr 

BCamckc East b Foster 

A woaooconi . — 

Extras 6b2.w3) 

- 2 
_ 4 . 

- 5 

- 9 

- 0 

_ 5 

Tot* (Oafcts. 40 overt) 164 

FALL OF WICKET. ^-5.^70.877.4-84 > 5- 
88 6-95 7-S5, 8-102. 

SOVaWlmt 81 - 280 ; Rater 8-7-28- 

4; PDnt 8827-2; AdW 8038 V. Twbar 

ARBuehareMarebbSspaste 64 ~ 

GSCinonbBacmis 9 - 

A JSteHwtcftnrrbCCoHdraf — Id 

TEJas^KwbCCowooty 3 

AHaacttanbApn — 49 

DM Mm cCCotadrtyb Baptists — 5 
C JRirttardsnotoot 23 

RjPouyxyu nap wte o 

GMortotoUsarwiout 2 

MATMoanaioto ^ 3 

Banas(kiQ.w2.m>i) 13 

Tafo(9«ttA40oam) 187 

FALL OF MCXETS1-28. 855. 304.4- 
134. 5-154. 846ft 7-157. 81715-187. 
80Wi«G JraS 1 390: BaputsB 1 22 
4; He** * 0 14 ft Pun 8 0 33 1:C S 
emomj 8 0 42 2: Underwood 4 0 27 a 

Botham and Sport 
Aid the big hits 

By Alan Gibson 

CARDIFF: Somerset (4pts) beat 
Glamorgan by one not. 

Somerset wan the toss and 
put Glamorgan in. It was a 
routine Sunday insertion, as the 
actress said of foe curate’s 
sermon, for there was no venom 
in foe pitch. It was a grey and - 
chilly afternoon, with a surpris- 
ingly large crowd, some at- 
tracted by foe possibility of 
nipping out to see foe Sport Aid 
runners pass, and others no 
doubt by Botham. 

Glamorgan scored 216 for 
four in their 40 overs. Hopkins 
and Morris gave them a splen- 
did start, Morris playing 
particularly welL Younis ana 
Holmes supported them. 
Somerset fielded and bowled 
rather erratically. Taylor was foe 
best of the bowlers. Garner, on 
this occasion, foe worst. 

Somerset lost their first 
wicket, that of Marks, al 24. 
Roebuck and Handy went 
briskly, running between foe 
wickets wefl, and the score was 
81 in the ISfo over when Hardy 
was caught at short extra cover. 
Then Richards, driving at 

a finelkiiing catch m the deep, 
after scoring only one. Botham 
came in. to loud applause, -a 
more rapturous reception than 
he bad had earlier in the week al 
Taunton. The 100 was up in tbe 
20th over. Botham showed his 
confidence fry achieving one of 
his reverse sweeps. He then hit 
an enormous she, just missing 
foe tail-end of tbe runners. 

In foe 27fo over, Botham, 
after hitting another six. was 
caught at foe wicket off Younis 
who jumped up and down in 

Sussex v 

surprise and delight- He had 
made 48 and foe score was 154 f 
for four. Sixty were needed in 
the last 12 overs. 

Somerset then tost the wicket 
of Palmer and. I thought, cru- 
cially, that of Roebuck, un- 
necessarily run out. On this 
occasion he had been the faith- 
ful quartermaster and the at- 
tempt swiftly to assume the rale 
of foe dashing white sergent 
when Troy and Thebes had 
fallen about him was a bit too 
mud): but Harden and Dredge, 
batting bravely, just won it for 
Somerset Harden hiuing the 
conclusive four off the fust ball 
of the last over. 

J A HOpMnab Tartar 

H Moms c Richards, b Pahnar m 
Youna Ahmett ftw b Taylor — 


■R C Ontopg not out _____ 

JC Thomas not out 

Extras (D 5. R> 6.w 4 ) . 

Totaf (for 4 wfcts. <0 were) . 

3*4 A 


M P Maynard. fT Davies. 0 B Pautoe. S J 
Base and J De mcfc tfd not bat. 

FALL 0FWCKET& 1-117. 811ft 8153. 

BOWUNGrGamer 81-47-0; Botham 88 
26-0: RhSwiUs 2-0-180: Maries 8802-0: 
Dre^«W7-0;Tejfor 88382; Ptemw 

tP M Roebuck fun out 
V J Maries b Qua 



MS Turner norout — 22 

IVARfetaRfee Thomas bOntong — .1 
IT Botham c Paries b Younts... 48 

Ft Harden c Holmes bOacndc — 37 

G V Pakner b Haknes J 

CH Dredge not oat 28 

"T Garde Moms b Younis 





AM Green b Grammy 58 

PWG Pa/karcLawrencBb Welsh __ 78 

bnmn Khan fiwbVIMsfi - - 9 

I J GoUd nm out ... 11 

A PWtetec (Sawney bBatttortfl g e 0 

GS to Roux J 41 

CUWaBs, 11 


Total (lor 7 wMsl 39.1 overs) — 

J Gamer and N Tartor dd not bat 
FALLOF WICKETS: 1-24, 881, 382. 4- 
BOWUNG: Thomas 81-2S-& sam 4-0- 
181: Derrick 80-481: Ontong 80-52-1: 
Younis 88282; Hofanes 7.1-840-1. 
Umpires; J ariesnsbaw and J H ^ 

Hampshire. r 

Northants v Leics 


NtxtimHs (4pts) Of LocsstarsAm by 4T 


R J Belay few b GUI 89 

MRGoiftlsionebBantonwi ... 4 

R J Boyd-Mass few b tie Freitas — 12 

W rtp rev tar w 

R A Harper b Senfanan 
■GOxfc b Agnew 

Extras (Sj 12 nbi). 

R GWWsnwc Grib Agaev. 

DRofiwnofouf — — _ 

N GB Ooalc notout 

Tote) (5 wkte. 40 orece) 221 

' — Extras (t) 7. w 5} 

FAU. OF WICKETS 1-112.8141. 8159. 

BOWLING; Latarence 8-0-380: Satoebtsy 
6-T-32-0; Payne 80-37-0: Gravensy 81- 
381; Wateri 8848% Banbridga^8l. 


. 4 
. 4 

, 7 
. 4 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48, 284.3-137. 4~ 

IMBVMfe Hret Innton oonthuad (68 
Igr 9ve at cfcjse on Saturrisy) 

B Roberts cHotensonb Hatflee - ~ *2 

GMHlerc Scott b Cooper 21 

-RJ-finnejro Seem btodba 54 

C Mottos Bwb Cooper 0 

A Warner c Rotinson b Atford _____ 4 

O Mortertaen not out ■ 10 


P W Romabies nat out 
K M Curran b Jones 

P Batobridge c Raew b Pigatt ■. 
J W LJoyds C Ga*l b Ptgab — 

I R Payne c Parlor b Ptoott 

. □ A Gramnw not out . 

R C Russefl twrb Reei 

Total (725 oven) 


□ V Lawrence Raw b Reeve . 

C A Walsh b Reem _____ 

G E Sanebury e Bere^ b Rww , 

FALL OF WldtETS: 864. 7-97. 8l0S. 8 
1 TO. 18151. 

9}WUN&-.HBSee 1 55-831 -ft Cooper 
184-32-2: Atlora 23^82-H«vnmgs 
188180. . ^ 
Bcbus pefettg D&pysftfre ft M ottin^ iam - 
sftfre 7. 


_ 2 
_ 7 
_ 1 

_ 1 
_ 4 
_ 0 


N A MteSander. A VVteker UMnoi baa. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-10. 840. 8153. 8 
157,8177,8190 7-192. 

BOWLHG: Amor 80-22-0; B ema nzn 8 
1-383; ntt ^ 681 ; oe Frettae 81-3l-l:_ 
Briers 80-480. I 

LBc ewcfiai feie 

TlEBrierstuioa 32 

J C M droona st Riptay b Harper _ 47 

TjSS£ c 0 , ^ ! ^!L==r.S 

I P Butcher nm out 18 

WKMBenjonfticiiaaendarbWefcv If 

not OUT: .3 

n« out : — ; 2 

PAg new 

Etoas (8Lb7.w4.nti5) 17 Bxbaa ( b 4. w z, b 3) 

Total (3L20VOT) — - - - - - 


WiU. OF WICKETS: 1-32. 8«1. 8<3. 8 
7-95. 8103. 8103. 

BOWLING: tmtiR 4-1-13-0; Le Roux 4-8 

Total ( 8 wWs, 40 am*) — ~ 155 

f^OFWICKCTSr 1 - 62 87ft 8101 8 
106. 8107. 8127. 7*145. 8151. 
BOWUNtt Mdender 5-1-13-0; CepN *■ 
821-0; NAB Cook 81 - 8 MX Watarjf* 
29-fc Harper 8-0-183; WOems 88»-»- 
tknpiraKN TOma aiteB uadbawr- 


a r * 

il.- S b 

cup of fe 

ph ci ooraph by Chrifl SwMi 

Football’s greatest 
showpiece opens in 
Mexico on Satu r day 
with three British 
teams among the 24. 
David Miller 
assesses their 
chances and picks 
the likely victors 

E ngland may have tri- 
umphed in the 1966 
World Cup, but it was a 
watershed in the tactical 
development of inter- 
national football. It was 
the first World Cup in which the 
majority of the 16 finalists were as 
much concerned with not losing as 
with winning. Football as a 
spectacular sport 1ms been hard 
pressed to maintain its aura ever 

Let us not be naive about the 
finals of 1 986. It is nationalism, as 
much as the expectation of 
entertainment, which mates the 
tournament still the major event in 
global sport If England have a 
chance with a team of limited 
technical ability, it is because they 
will be prepared to attack with a 
winger and an old-fashioned centre 

Before 1966 football was still, 
mostly, a beautiful game. The final 
tournaments of 1 950, 1 954and 1958 
saw great teams living, and dying, by 
adventure. By 1962 there were one 
or two notes of caution foam the. 
more tactically; icaieulatii^ sides, 

■ such as Czechoslovakia, who 
reached the final, but. there was a 
general commitment to {ping for- 
ward, predominantly with 4-2-4 
formations, which would scare the 
pants off half the managers who will 
be in charge in Mexico this time. 

Ramsey of England, the deplor- 
able Lorenzo of Argentina, the timid . 
Fabbri of Italy and other managers 
were radically to change the pattern 
in 1966. There may have been 
flowers in the ladies* lavatory at 
Everton for the . World Cup in 
England, but there was a decided 
scarcity of blooms on the field 
among many of the teams. Ramsey’s 
shrewdly assembled side, winch 
contained several world class players 
in Banks, Wilson, Moore, Bobby 
Charlton, Hurst and Peters, won the 
tournament primarily because it was 
difficult to beat. A criterion was 
established which few teams, apart 
from Holland in the Seventies and 
Brazil, have sought to alter. 

T he most significant as- 
pect of the final at 
Wembley was that the 
two most gifted players 
on the field, Bobby 
Chariton and Franz 
Beckenbauer, were used, in a cal- 
culated decision by their respective 
managers, to neutralize each other, 
with the result that they were never 
more than an arm's length apart and 
neither gave a fulfilling performance 
in what should have betm a peak of 
their careers. 

Football has progressively been 
stifled by its own intelligence. Occa- 
sionally along comes an old-fash- 
ioned. romantic adventurer such as 
Michel Hidalgo of France who, 
given the coincidence of simulta- 
neously emerging great players such 
as Platini, Giresse and Tigana, wins ■ 
the European Championship. Had it 
not been for the- shameful foul by 
Schumacher of West Germany in 
the semi-final, France might well 
have won the World Cup of 1982. 
Whether, under their new manager 
Henri Michel, they can sustain then- 
five year eminence remains to be 
seen, but it would be a wonderful 
tonic for liberated football if they 
could now reach the final. 

France play with a 4-4-2 forma- 
tion by necessity rather than design, 
simply because they have few 
outstanding forwards and a profu- 
sion of brilliantly creative, artack- 
mifcded midfield men which 
includes, besides those just , men- 
tioned, Fernandez, Genghim and 
Ferrari: not to mention attack- 
minded defenders. Theirs is by no 
means an easy group with the Soviet 

tt - i thnnoh in thftlf 


uiULUu hi* fpr r a - • 

Union and Hungary, thoughmtheir 
opening match they should start well 
against the unfonried Oaada, man* 
aged by Tony Waiters and depen- 
dent on VraWic, an inumgrant 
Czech currently, playing m Belgium, 
for any inspiration. 

The Soviet Union’s manager, 
Valery Lobanovsky. will be hoping 

that Protasov, his new goal-getter 
from Dneipr, has recovered from 
injury, and with Gyorgy Mezey of 
Hungary having four wingers from 
whom to select two, this should be 
one of the least defensive of first 
round groups. 

The most defensive will probably 
be Group A, in which Italy, Argen- 
tina and. Bulgaria are all counter- 
attacking teams and South Korea, 
who only turned professional in 
1983, will be hoping merely to 
restrict the goals they concede to 
tolerable respectability. Enzo 
Bearzot, whose Italian team has 
barely produced a praiseworthy 
performance since winning the Cup 
in Spain, wifi be going for their usual 
first round objective of goalless 
draws or a nicked one-goal break- 
away win. Italy are short of players, 
inspiration ana, foiling to qualify for 
the European Championship, 

We will watch Argentina with 
some anxiety that they may be about 
to return to the underhand trays 
from which Cesar Menotti pains- 
takingly liberated therm .Their man- 
. ager is Carlos Bilardo, one of that 
pack of ferocious Estudi antes play- 
ers who tangled with Manchester 
United in the late Sixties. He says he 
will play without wingers with a 4-3- 
3 formation, so it will be interesting 
to see'how he uses the able Valdano, 
a winger with Real Madrid. 

Watching the draw for the finals 
being made ceremoniously in public 
is like watching a conjuror at a 
children’s party: you know he has a 
spare card up his sleeve but you 
can’t quite see it Ldon't know how 
the Mexicans at Fife contrived a 
group with Paraguay, the inexperi- 
enced outsiders of South America, 
Iraq and the negative Belgians, but 
the hosts should have ensured that ' 
they reach the second round and 
boost the as yet unpromising ticket 
sales. The evidence of England’s 
flattering recent victory in Los 
Angeles suggests that Mexico, as old 
fashioned as ever in their possession 
tactics, are little without Sanchez, of 
Real Madrid, and Boy, their captain. 

I had thought they might reach the 
semi-final, but not now — unless the 
referees, of course, give them excep- 
tional assistance, as they did in 1 970. 

- Paraguay, under Gayetano Re, are 
said to play imaginative “total” 
footbalL It would be nice to see them 

eliminate Belgium's wholly negative 
“anti-football” tactics which oblit- 
erated Maradona in 1982 and 
‘scraped them through in the present 
qualifying play-off with The Nether- 

Group D is as fascinating as 
Group E with, I believe, an outside 
chance that Northern Ireland, under 
Billy Bingham's pragmatic, func- 
tional 4-4-2 structure of negligible 
forces, may squeeze into the second 
round Brazil, again managed by 
Tele Santana, will attack because 
they know no other way — even 
when, foolishly, level at 2-2 with 
Italy in 1 982 and safe for the semi fi- 
nal They have exciting young 
attackers in’ Muller, Casagrande and 
Silas and will get stronger the longer 
they survive. Yet recent unsettled 

form, the ageing of Socrates and 
Falcao, misleading public pressure 
to include the injured Zico, may find 
them struggling in their vital open- 
ing match against Spain, the Euro- 
pean runners-up and much 
improved on 1982. 

Migel Munoz, captain of Real 
Madrid in the 1950s and, at 64, the 
second-oldest manager in the tour- 
nament, will probably use Maceda, 
Real's centre-back, as an attacking 
sweeper one of football's .most 
exciting ploys, recalling times of 
the attacking centre-half of Jong 
ago, and used regularly now in 
Yugoslav and Spanish football. 
With Algeria, emergent heroes of 
1982, also an attacking team, any 
two could qualify. 

The only certainty about Group E 

seems to me that Scotland will finish 
last, possibly without a point, Alex 
Ferguson having turned inwards on 
domestic prejudice for Aberdeen 
and Dundee players and away from 
the international experience of Han- 
sen and, initially, Archibald. 

West Germany, even with Voder 
now fit and returning to partner 
Adofs in a 4-4-2 formation, may not 
be able to do enough to oust 
Uruguay, for me the favourites, or 

In Francescoli and Da Silva, 
Uruguay have probably the two best 
players in the tournament, capable 
of emulating Pele and Tostao in the 
previous Mexican finals; while Sepp 
Piontek's 3-5-2 formation with Den- 
mark. priming the thrusts of Elkjaer 
and Laudrup, can beat anybody if 
they do not lire as they did in the 
European championships. 






Page 26 

A nd England? If Waddle 
or Barnes plays with 
maturity on the wing, if 
one of them keeps 
pumping the ball across 
to Hateley's head, if 
Trevor Steven or Hoddle does the 
same from the other flank, if Bryan 
Robson remains fit enough to be 
included, if Butcher can establish a 
reliable partnership with whomever 
is preferred at centre-back, if Lineker 
can reproduce his domestic form 
and pace in the sapping heat of 
Monterrey or at altitude, than 
England’s direct 4-3-3 pattern, built 
around Hateley, will wonry any 
opposition, all of which will have 
difficulty getting past Shilton, But 
that is a lot of ifs. Poland should 
accompany them into the second 

Bobby Robson should remember 
that a quarter of all goals derive from 
crosses, and 80 per ccnl of those 
come from headers: in other words, 
a fifth of all goals are from headers 
from crosses. England are not good 
enough to play exclusively pos- 
session football on the ground, but 
none of the 23 opposing goalkeepers 
will fancy confronting Haieley when 
the ball is centred. England have one 
relatively rare and direct tactic. They 
should use it profitably. 

David Miller, Chief Sports Correspon- 
dent of The Times, is the author of 
England's Last Glory. The Boys of '66. 
published by Pavilion Books. 

, ‘Shaping a side is like a painting, 
there is creativity about it. Yon stand 
back and think, what a lovely scene’ 

Bobby Robson on his England squad, page 27 

a cruel 
4 but kind 

Page 25 


riding a 

Page 24 

PLUS full fixture 
and television 
guide, and a team 
by team analysis of 
each group 

3 - 


5 SO .*•' 



A special 
talent to 
instil fear 

Argentina will be one of the 
most feared teams in the 
competition, and not merely 
because of their talent. As they 
confirmed in Paris in March , 
they remain physically aggres- 
sive and wildly competitive, ax 
times unacceptably so. Even 
when they have possession, 
they are prepared to use their 
elbows to reshape the faces of 
their opponents. 

At least Carlos Bilardo, 
their manager, is qualified to 
treat the injured. He is a 
doctor. More significantly, he 
was the iron man in midfield 
in the notorious Estudiantes 
de la Plata side that bent the 
rules to beat Manchester Unit- 
ed and rfaim the world dub 
cham pionship title in 1968. 

Bilardo has brought similar- 
ly vigorous tactics to the 
national side since taking over 
from Cesar MenottL, the 


World Cup finals record: 
1930: Final: Uruguay 4, 
Argentina 2 
1934: Out to first round 
1938,1950. 1954- 
1958: Out in first round 
1962: Out in first round 
1966: Quarter-final: 

1 1, Argentina 0 

1974: Out hi second round 
1 982: Out tn second round 

Carlos Bilardo 


Luis Brown 

Almiron {11, Se 
(2), Ricardo 


|hl (4), Jose 
lose Cuduffo 


Clausen (8), Jose Cuduffo 

_ _ (9), Diego MaradonaflO), 

smoking chimney, three years ^VaJj^OUHe^r 
ago, but without substantial Q gwre t h 

success. Argentina — . only 

lombia, Paraguay and Mexico. 

Indeed, they made sure of 
qualifying for the finals only 
five minutes from time in 
their last home tie, against 
Peru. Daniel Passarella, the 
captain of the triumphant 
tftim in their own homeland 
in 1978, said at the time that 
there would have to be “a 
great improvement, otherwise 
we have no chance". 

Their defeats in France and, 
especially, Norway last month 
suggest that the “great 
improvement" had yet to take 
place, but subsequently and 
ominously they overwhelmed 
Israel 7-1 Their preparations 
have been disrupted because 
most of their best players have 
been abroad during the sea- 
son. Maradona, Passarella, 
and Barbas have been in Italy, 
for instance, and Valdano in 

In January Bilardo put his 
home-based representatives 
through a rigorous training 
programme. They gathered 
from Tuesday to Friday each 
week (and spent 90 minutes a 
day practising dead-ball kicks) 
and then returned to their 
domestic clubs over the week- 
end. It was not until this 
month that he was able to 
assemble his whole squad. 

He took them to Colombia, 
where he' was formerly in 
charge (he was dismissed after 
foiling to lead them into the 
1982 World Cup finals m 
Spain). Recognizing that his 
own future and Argentina’s 
fete now depends heavily on 
the gifted Diego Maradona, 
Bilardo has increased the 
player’s sense of responsibility 
by appointing him captain. 

Maradona has been trou- 
bled this season by a knee 
iqjury, though he himself has 
dismissed the problem and the 
advice to visit a surgeon. 
During the qualifying stages 
last summer, he confirmed 
that even on one.Ieg he has the 

ability to shape the destiny of 
any game. 

But his influence may be 
diminished by crude chal- 
lenges. He is sure to be a 
marked man, almost certainly 
literally, by the end of the 
tournament. It is also notable 
that Maradona, voted the 
Souih American player of the 
year in 1980 at the age of 20, 
was not even considered 
among the top ten in 1 984. 

The Argentines are known 
to have a striking deficiency. 
During Bilaido's opening 34 
games, for example, they 
scored only 41 goals. Claudio 
Borghi, a 21-year old who has 
so fer followed precisely the 
path that Maradona took dur- 
ing his early career at 
Argentinos Juniors, is emerg- 
ing as a possible answer to the 

Maradona himself is said to 
feel that the youngster is over- 
rated, but Borghi was the 
leading scorer last season, at 
the end of which his dub won 
the Libertadores Cup, and 
Juventus are interested in 
investing in his _ promise. 
Argentina’s defence is likely to 
• be effective, though Jaime 
Fflloi, the highly effective 
goalkeeper of the 1978 and 
1982 finals, has been omitted 

Fflloi can take comfort from 
his memories of 1978, when, 
with the national economy 
faltering and the government 
in crisis, there was huge 
support for a team that took 
full advantage of representing 
the host nation. 

In achieving Argentina’s 
sole World Cup title to dale, 

they became not least the team 
that bequeathed to English 
football the rich and contrast- 
ing talents of Osvaldo Ardfles 
and Ricardo Villa. 

Stuart Jones 

Diego Maradona: a marked man, but even 

Corruption, disruption 
and plain old friction 

Bulgaria’s World Cup chal- 
lenge appeared to have col- 
lapsed amid a flurry of vicious 
punches and wild kicks at the 
end of last season's domestic 
cup final Levski Spartak and 
CSKA Sofia, the two leading 
dubs, were involved in a 
brawl so disgraceful that five 
players were later banned for 
life. Most of them happened to 
be internationals. 

They included Mikhailov, 
reputed to be one of the best 

t oalkeepers in Europe, 
irakov, a highly gifted for- 
ward, and Mlaoenov, a mem- 
ber of the CSKA side that 
knocked out Nottingham For- 
est and liyerpool, foe Europe- • 
an champions, in . successive . 
seasons. Six months late the 
miscreants-were pardoned, al- 
though Nikolov, their right 
back and the player of foe year 
last season," "remains under 

The players have not been 
alone in shaming the name of 
Bulgarian football which has 
for years been darkened by 
corruption. Dimitar Nikolov, 
a former chairman of the 
national association, and two 
ofhis leading officials are now 
in prison for between seven 
and 18 years after being found 
guilty of accepting bribes and 
of embezzlement 
The alarming total of 92 free 


World Cup finals record: 

1930, 1934, 1938, 1950, 


1962: Out in first round 

1966: Out In first round 

1970: Out In first round 

1974s Out in first round 





Arabov (3), 


Sirakov (2). m 
Pater Petrov r 
Dimitrov (5), < 

(6). Bojldar Is 
MlaOenov (9). Ylvko 
Gospodinov (10), Plamen 
Getov(11),Ra(toslav : ; 
Zdravkov (12), Alexander 
Markov (13), Plamen 
Markov (14). Georg! Yordanov 

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ered to be a threat but yet 
again failed to live up to 
expectations against Sweden, 
the Netherlands and Uruguay. 
In a dozen tries so fer, 
therefore, they have not cele- 
brated a single victory. Their 
statistics, of scoring a mere 
nine goals and conceding 29, 
are the worst of the European 

Vutsov, the man now in 
charge, has painful particular- 
ly memories of foe 1 966 event 
A central defender, he beat his 
own goalkeeper with a spec- 
tacular header five minutes 
into the match against Portu- 
gal. He now expects his side to 
reach foe last 16 for the first 
fl! th/v ngh he admiis that 
“we lack bite in attack”. 

“We are not a team of stars. 
We rely on team spirit,” he 
says. Yet he makes the star- 
tling claim that Gospodinov is 
potentially foe greatest player 
in Bulgarian history. Vutsov 
will rely on more experienced 
individuals such as Dimitrov, 
his captain, and Sadkov, both 
of whom are approaching a 
record number of internation- 
al caps. 

That record is held by 
Bonev, whose career after 96 
appearances was another to be 
foreshortened by disciplinary 
measures. Dimitrov, foe cur- 
rent player of the year, orga- 
nizes their defence and 
Sadkov creates their designs in 
midfield. The elegant and 
lively Sirakov looks to be the 
most dangerous of their sup- 
posedly limied strike force. 

uwiuusiuTiui iHHuuiiu i/<v The Bulgarian preparations 
—and claimed the first goal of abroad have been particularly 
foe tournament — they were discouraging. Earlier this year 
" they lost 2-0 in Spain, 2-0 to 

East Germany in Queretaro 
of the W< ' 

Pashev(1 . 
Kostacfinov , 


alov (22). 

kicks that littered their quali- 
fying tie at home against 
Yugoslavia last season sug- 
gests that they will be among 
the most physically aggressive 
sides in Mexico. More is the 
pity. In defeating France, foe 
European champions, 2-0 m 
Sofia last May, they confirmed 
that they have enough natural 
ability to improve their poor 
record in the World Cup 

Though they had trained 
thoroughly for Mexico in 1 970 

not prepared for the heat in 
Leon. Their manager at the 
time, Stefen Bozkhov, was a 
doctor. Ungracious in defeat, 
he grumbled: “Even if you 
lived here for 20 years, you 
still would not get acclima- 
tized to the temperature and 
the altitude.” 

In 1974 they were consid- 

(one of the World Cup .ven- 
ues), and. 14) to Puebla, where 
they will be based , in foe first 
round. They can, however, 
point to a 16-0 victory.! -The 
opponents, it should be added, 
were a team of Mexican 
juniors. smart Jones 

Italy, the world champions, 
could pay a heavy price for 
importing the most d azz l in g 
talents on «»rth- Enzo Bearzot, 
the manager who led them to 
the title in Spain, has warned 
that “The foreigners may add 
colour to our domestic League 
but they also represent a 
hazard. He was referring prin- 
cipally to tiie area of midfield. 

The list of those who have 
been on weekly display in Italy 
includes many of those who 
are about to be seen, as foe 
most creative figures in Mexi- 
co. They include the likes erf 
Souness* Wilkins, Platini, * 
Zico, Socrates, Falcao,Junior,. 
Cerezo, Maradona. and Briegl 
have become accustomed to 
assuming the leading role at 
their respective dubs. 

So has Brady, although he 
will not be performing in 
Mexico. Bearzot is concerned 
that , as a consequence, his 
own choice is restricted to 
midfield players who are used 
to neither taking responsibil- 
ity nor stretching their own 
imagination. He has also lost 
half of the side that won the 
title in Spain. 

Zofi; Gentile, Antognom, ’ 
Grazumi, Bettega and Causio 
have all gone. After a recent 
home defeat by Norway, 
Bearzot omitted another half a 
dozen of his experienced rep- 
resentatives. Rossi, Conti, 
Giordano, Tarddb, Fanna 
and Vierchowod were all 
dropped, albeit temporarily, 
from his new plans. 

' Italy had lost three 
successive games (they had 
previously been beaten by 
West Germany, also at home, 
and by Poland). As well as the 
midfield deficiencies. Beared 
was worried by the lack of 
goals and he admits that be 
- needs Rossi, the hero in Spain 
four years ago, “or somebody 
like him”, to burst into form. 

The rock around which 
Bearzot is rebuilding his foun- 
dations is Cabrini, without 


World Cup finria record: 
1930 — 

1934: FINAL ITALY % 

1938: FINAL: ITALY 4, 
1950: Out in first round 
1954: Out in first round 
196& Out in first round 
1970: Rnob BrazB 4, Italy 1 
1974: Out in first round 
1978: Out in second round 
1982: FMAL: ITALY 3, 


Giovanni Gaflift),*. 

BergomJ (2k Antonio* 

(3), FuMo Coltovati I 
Sebastiano Nela (5), < 

Sdrea (6), Roberto Trkrafla 
(7), Pietro Vierchowod (8), 
Carlo Ancetotti (St 
Salvatore Bagnl (10), Giuseppe 
Bares! (ItL Franco 
Tancred (12), Fernando De 


AltbbeM (11 

Gakterisl (IS), Paolo Rossi (20), 
Aldo Serena (21), Walter 
Zenga{22). . 

question the finest left back in 
the world and foe na tional 
captain for the last three years. 
He holds one World Cup 
record that can never be taken 
away, though he wishes it 
could. In Spain, he became the 
first player ever to miss a 
penalty in the final. 

He remained unruffled then 
but there were signs during the 
defeat by West Germany in 
Avellino that his composure is 
fraying at the edges. One ofhis 
challenges was so wild and 
reckless that he deserved to be 
sent oft! The Germans pun- 
ished him anyway instead by 
c laiming their winner from the 
subsequent penalty. 

Cabrini will be joined by 
Scirea, his dub colleague and 

the captain of Juventus. A 
sweeper, he often lies so deep 
that las closest neighbour is 
his go alkee p er (now Tancredi 
instead ofZoff) rather than the 
defenders m front of him. No 
one will food it easy -to open 
the Italian back door when it 
is guarded by such a pair. 

Although Bearzot expects 
that the Brazil tan style will be 
successful, be does not fed 
that Brazil will necessarily 
" win. Outside the South Ameri- 
can wtimML he selects France, 
Hungary and England as the 
roost powerful contenders. 

“We will be up there as well" 

be added and, in view of 
Italy's, record, no one should 
doubt him. . 

The only Europeans to win 
tine tide on three occasions, 
they-were the immers-up in 
Mexico in 1970. As in Spain, 

. they were negative and occa- 
sionally brutally ruthless but 
the longer the tournament the 
better they became. After cut- 
ting down Beckenbauer in the 
semi-final, they overcame the 
Gerroansin extra time before 
succumbing to Pele and the 
golden Brazilians. 

Yen, tucked inside the pasr 
history of the fiery and emo- 
tional' I talians are several 
embanasing moments on the 
world stage. The most infa- 
mous occurred ;in 1966. They 
started as the clear favourite in 

the group that was based in the 

north east of England during 
foe first round and they 
remained so even after going 
down surprisingly to the Sovi- 
et Union. 

In their tost game they were • 
reduced to 10 men after half 
an hour when Bulgarelli dam- 
aged a knee but the name that 
will be remembered is that of 
Pak Doo Ik. He scored what 

proved to be foe lone and 
decisive goal for North Korea 
and Italy were knocked ou*3? 

By coincidence, their last op- 
ponents in the first round are 
South Korea. Stuart Jones 

Seoul searchers can win more hearts 

The South Koreans first 
stepped into foe European 
arena when they met Sweden 
in the Olympic Games of 
1948. They lost 12-0. Their 
initial appearance in the 
World Cup final was only 
marginally less embarrassing. 
They were humiliated 9-0 by 
Hungary and 7-0 by Turkey 
and returned home to be 
pelted by tomatoes. 

With names such as Huh 
Jung-Moo, No Soo-Jin, Cha 
Bum-Kin and Kim Pyung-Sok 
representing clubs such as the 
Hallelujah Eagles, foe Yukong 
Elephants, foe Hyundai Ti- 
gers. foe Pohang Atoms and 
Dong- A University, many 
might imagine that they win 
provide no more than a few 
laughs and a commentator’s 
nightmare in Mexico. It would 
be foolish to underestimate 

Since Kim Jung-Nam took 
over as their manager, their 
results should prompt Argen- 
tina, Bulgaria and particularly 
Italy, their opponents in the 
first round, to take them 
seriously. First he guided 
them through the jungle of the 
Asian qualifying groups with 
victories over Nepal, Malay-, 
sis. Indonesia and Japan be- 
fore taking them on an equally 
strenoiis tour across the globe. 

Last December they visited 
Mexico where they went down 
to three creditable defeats by 


World Cup finals record: 
1954: Out in first round 

1974, 1978,1982- 


Kim Jung Nam 

Soo (3), Cho Kwang-Rae 
(4), Jung Yong-Hwan (5), Lee 

Sun (10), Cha Bum-Keun (11), 
Kim Pyung-Suk (12), No 
Soo-Jm (fa), Cho Mfri-Kook 

(14), Yoo 
Kim Joo- 

Crio Byung-Duk (1). Park 
Kyung-Hoon (2), Chung Jong- 

i Byung-Ok (15), 

Ini Joo-Sung n 6), Huh Jung- 
Moo (17), Kim Sam-Soo 
(18), Byun Byung-Joo (19), Kim 
Yong-See (20), Oh Yun-Kyo 
(21 ), Kang Deuk-Soo (27). 

the odd goal, against the hosts 
twice and against Hungary. 
They closed with their most 
notable performance, a 2-0 
victory over Algeria, who are 
considered the strongest side 
in Africa but were without 
their professionals based 
abroad. Early in the new year 
the Koreans spent a month in 
Europe playing against dub 
sides. Their most powerful 
opponents were Anderiecht, 
who were surprisingly 
knocked out in the semi-finai 
of this season's European Cup 
by the eventual winners, 
Steaua Bucharest Two goals 
down early on, foe Koreans 
recovered to win 3-2. 

“My team is the best that 
South Korea has produced in 
the last four decades", Kim 
has declared. “I know Argenti- 
na, Bulgaria and' Italy are 
superior to us in every respect 
but they win find it extremely • 

difficult to brush us aside”. 
The England squad would not 
disagree with his appraisal. 
The two nations, both of 
whom trained at altitude in 
Colorado Springs earlier this 
month, agreed to meet each 
other in a friendly but compet- 
itive fixture on a local school 
playing field. England, trou- 
bled in the opening 20 min- 
utes, ' eventually won 
comfortably by 4-1, but only 
after producing some of their 
most dazzling football for 
many years. 

The Koreans, beaten in a 
World Cup qualifying play-off 
by Australia in 1974 and by 
Iran in 1978, have several 
players with experience in 
foreum leagues. Cha Bum- 
Keun, wher is credited with a 
suspiciously high, total of 141 
caps, has been in West Germa- 
ny for foe last eight years; in 

1980, he was voted .above 

Cha Bnm-Keam said to have 
141 South Korean caps 

Kevin Keegan in a magazine. 

Cho YounvJeung appeared 
for Chicago Sting. Huh Yung- 
Moo was once on the books of 
PSV Eindhoven and Choi 
Soon-Ha the . highest paid 
player in tire domestic league. 
Iras attracted the attentions of 
foe same .Dutch dub. He is 
expected to fulfill his ambition 

of playing either in West 
Germany or in Italy after the 
finals are over. 

A professional league, 
known as the “Superleague", 
was not formed in Korea until 
three years ago. The South 
Korean Football Association, 
preferring to ■ mai n tai n the 
amateur code, at first ignored^, 
its existence, but at the end ov‘ 
1984 a professional squad was 
assembled for foe World Cup 
qualifying ties and to compete 
in the Asian Cup. Their early 
progress was more disappoint- 
ing than expected and their 
; manager, Mung Chong-Shit 
resigned. Kim, himself a for- 
mer international defender, 
has since blended foe young 
amateurs from foe Olympic 
squad with the senior profes- 
sionals and has put foe mix- 
ture through an exhaustive 

“We are still a developing 
team.” he says, adding the 
hope that “we don’t embarrasp- 
ourselves in Mexico” and 1 ' 
suggestion, that “we may have 
a few shocks in store". His 
words will sound a .particular- 
ly ominous warning in the 
- Italian camp, fra- whom the 
name Korea revives only 
painftil memories trf their 
wretched defeat in foe 1966 
World Cup finals, ax the band# 
of the men from north of the 
demilitarized zone. 

Stuart Jones 

•*•'•- £ *•. 







- 1 1*. 





The hosts provide 
a loaded dice 


The dire are inevitably loaded 
heavily in favour of Mexico, 
the hosts of the competition 
for the second lime. In 1070 
they made little use of the 
advantages of climate, condi- 
lions and crowd support. Sec- 
ond in the first round group 
; behmd the Soviet Union, they 
were beaten comprehensively 
by Italy in the quarter- 

- finals. 

Now, apart from being sur- 
rounded by the home corn- 
torts of their own capital city, 
they have added another 
•- string to their bow. Their 

- build-up, which has embraced 
a total of more than 70 
practice matches over the last 
lw o years, is by far the most 

- comprehensive of all the 24 
.. finalists. 

They collected some en- 
couraging results along the 
way during their long list of 
_ fixtures. They beat Finland 3- 
u 0 in Helsinki and Hungary 2-0 
'X in Budapest, for example, and 
.■* held Argentina both in Mon- 
terrey and in Buenos Aires 

- and also Uruguay, who are 
considered marginally the 
World Cup favourites, in 

After last summer’s tourna- 
ment in Mexico City, during 
which they beat England and 
West Germany and drew with 
Italy, many regarded them as 
one of the joint favourites in 
*; arguably the most open field 
in the competition's history. 
But their recent performances 
have suggested that they no 
longer deserve so prominent a 

At the end of last year they 
embarked on a tour of the 
■* Middle East which was to 
prove little short of 


Work! Cup finals record; 
1930: Out in first round 
1950: Out In first round 
1954: Out tai first round 

1958: Out in first round 

1962: Out In first round 
1966: Out hi first round 
1970: Quarter-final: Italy 4, 
Mexico 1 

1978: Out hi first round 




Pablo Larios (1). Mario 
Trejo (2), Fernando Quirarte 
(3), Armando Ponce(4) 

\ Car 



Francisco Cruz (5). Carlos do 
(os Co bos (6), Miguel 
Espapa (7), Alejandro 
Dominguez (8), Hugo 
Sanchez (9), Tomas Boy (10), 
Carlos Hermosillo (11), 

Ignacio Rodriguez Bahena 

{ J 2). Javier Aguirre (13). 

: eltx Cruz (14). Luis Flores 
(15). Carlos Munoz (16), 

Raul Servin (17), Rafael 
Amador (18). Javier 
Hernandez (1 9), Olaf Heredia 
(20), Cristobal Onega (21). 
Manuel Negrete (22). 

disasterous. A victory over 
North Yemen was their lone 
triumph. Draws against such 
relatively weak opponents as 
Jordan. Kuwait and the Unit- 
ed Arab Emirates were fol- 
lowed by defeats in Libya and 

Bora Milutinovic, the Yu- 
goslav in charge, was in danger 
oflosing bis job, but he and his 
assistants claimed that the 
fiery heat and the artificial 
pitches on which some of their 
games were staged had con- 

iributed to the failures. In the 
more comfortable environ- 
ment of Los Angeles, their 
second home, they were more 

They remained unbeaten 
there in 1 7 internationals until 
they met England on May 17. 
Before the game, played under 
a hazy smog and an otherwise 
cloudless blue sky, Bobby 
Robson said that he thought 
the Mexicans were “strong 
semi-final possibilities”. He 
then watched his side unhinge 
their defence three times- ’ 

Mexico can point to the 
absence of the inj ured Tommy 
Boy and Hugo Sanchez, their 
two leading figures, as an 
excuse for the 3-0 defeat. Yet 
□cither of those individuals 
would have cemented a de- 
fence that fell apart before the 
i merval or assisted a goalkec 
er who prefers to punch the 
bail with the enthusiasm of a 
boxer rather than catch it. 

Boy (who is deliberately 
vague about his age: estimates 
vary between 30 and 33) is the 
captain and the main architect 
of their designs. Since he 
himself finds the heat and the 
altitude “a debilitating 
experience", he dismissed the 
challenge ftom Europe but, 
unless Sanrb £2 is in striking 
form, their own will fall short 
of their people's expectations. 

Their record so far does not 
promote optimism, anyway. 
Involved in eight previous 
World Cup finals, they have 
won only three of their 24 ties. 
Although they should emerge 
from one of the weaker first 
round groups, their eventual 
destiny is not so assured. 

Stuart Jones 1 

Hugo Sanchez: Che key to Mexico's hopes Enzo Scifo: Belgium's exciting newcomer 

Belgium has followed a 
disturbing pattern that runs 
through several of the World 
Cup finalists. The designs of 
Guy Thuys virtually fell apart 
before the I9S4 European 
championships when a bribe 
scandal, involving Waierschei 
and Standard Liege, effective- 
ly removed the backbone of 
his side. 

Gerets. Meeuws and 
Plessers, all experienced and 
influential members from 
Liege, were suspended after 
being found guilty of paying 
Waierschei players to throw 
the last game of the 1982 
season and thus wave Stan- 
dard through to the title. 
Thuys. conceding that Bel- 
gium were far below strength 
in the tournament two years 
ago. started to rebuild. 

The most exciting newcom- 
er was Scifo, a frail but elusive 
individual who was eligible 
also to play for Italy. Plessers 
and then Gerets were subse- 
quently pardoned during the 

World Cup finals record: 
1930: Out in first round 
1934: Out hi first round 
1938: Out in first round 

1954: Out In first round 
1956,1962. 1966- 
1970: Out in first round 

1982: Out in second round 




Jean-Marie Pfaff (1). Eric 

Gerets (2). Frank Van Der Elst 
(3), Michel Da Wolf (4). Michel 
Renquin (5), Frank Vercauteren 
(6), Rene Vandereycken (7), 
Vincenzo Scrfo 18). Erwin 
Vandenburgn (9). Philippe 
Desmet (10), Jan Ceulemans 
(11), Jacques Munaron (12). 
Georges Grun (13). Leo 
Clysters (14). Leo Van Der Elst 
(15), Nico Claesen (16). 
Raymond Mom me ns (17). 
Daniel Veyt (18). Hugo Broos 
(79). Gilbert Bodart (20). 
Stephane De Mol (21). Patrick 
Vervoort (22). 

World Cup qualifying stages 
and the Belgians went on to 
squeeze in ahead of their 
neighbours, the Netherlands, 
whom they beat in a play-off 
on away goals. Bui their 
World Cup record is poor. 

Belgium have become 
famed for laying precise off- 
side traps that are used as a 
launching pad for counter- 
attacks. Their tactics will be 
the same in Mexico, where 
they will start with tbe unenvi- 

able task of taking on the 

Belgium's altitude training 
took place earlier this month 
in Ovrannaz. a Swiss resort 
where the temperature was 
some 20 degrees lower than it 
will be in Mexico. Thuys, a 
wily tactician, believes in 
keeping the preparations as 
normal as circumstances wifi 
permit but he may have 
stretched his principles too 

Stuart Jones 


World Cup finals record: 

193(h Out in first round 


1950: Out in first round 


1958: Out in first round 
1962,1966. 1970,1974. 

197B, 1982 - 

Cayetano Re 


Roberto Fernandez (1). 

Juan Torales (2). Cesar Zabala 
(3). Wladimiro Schettna (4), 
Rogelio Delgado (5), Jorge 
Nunez (6), Buenaventura 
Ferreira (7), Julio Romero (8). 
Roberto Cabanas (9), 

Adolfrno Canete (10), Alfredo 
Mendoza (11), Jorge 
Bataglia (12), Virginio Caceres 
(13), Luis Caballero (14;, 
Eufemio Cabral (15). Jorge 
Guasch (16), Francisco 
A icaraz (17). Evarisfo Isas) 

(1 B). Rolando Chilavert (19). 
Ramon Hicks (20). Faustino 
Alonso (2 1), Julian 
Coronel (22). 

Paraguay are the dark hors- 
es from South America and 
also in the group that contains 
the hosts. The position of their 
manager. Cayetano Re. has 
been so unstable that it is 
something of a feat that they 
qualified at all. Having done 
so. for the first time since 
1958. not even he can be sure 
how his side will fare. 

They will lean heavily on 
the talents of Romero, who 
was voted the second best 
player in South America last 
season behind Francescoli. of 
Uruguay, a dangerous preda- 
tor who strikes from either 
side of midfield, he was once a 
member of the star-studded 
New- York Cosmos and has 
since joined Fluminense in 

If nothing else. Paraguay 
promise to be one of the more 
entertaining finalists. Re en- 
courages his side to follow the 
philosophy that “the best form 
of defence is attack." 

Stuart Jones 

World Cup finals record: 

Jorge Vieira 


Raad Salman (1). Maad 
Majeed (2). KfialH Allawe (3). 
Naqdhum Salim (4), Samir 
Mahmoud (5). AN Shihab (6). 
Haris Hassan (7). Ahmed 
Ameiesh <S). Kerim MmsMd(9), 
Hussain Mohammed (10). 
Abdul Aufi (1 1 ). Jamal Hamza 
(12). Karim Atari (13), Basil 
Hanna (14), Natifc Abidoun (15). 
Shaker Hamza (16), Ainid 
Tweresh(t7}, Ismail Sharif 
(18), Basim Kasshn (19), 

Abdul Fartah Jasim (20). 

Ahmed Mohammed (21), 
Ghanim Al-Roubai (22). 

If Iraq are very much an 
unknown quantity in Europe, 
their record suggests that they 
could become the latest of the 
Third World countries to 
cause a flutter or two among 
the established powers. 

They could hardly have had 
a harder route to Mexico, 
being forced by the Gulf war 
to play all their matches 
abroad. Even so they beat 
Jordan. Qatar, the United 
Arab Emirates and finally 
Syria to qualify for their first 

They will lack neither in- 
centive nor preparation. 

A team of Brazilian coaches, 
led by Jorge Vieira and subse- 
quently by Edu. was brought 
in. The 1986 domestic season 
was abandoned in February to 
allow the squad uninterrupted 
preparation for Mexico, while 
qualification produce bonuses 
of a house and car for each of 
the players. 

The impact of the Brazilian 
coaches has been noticable. 
and Iraq's position in Arab 
and Asian football is 

Peter Ball 

Jewel in a flawed crown 

France arrived in Mexico as 
; the reigning champions of tbe 
Olympics, of Europe, and of 
the world (they beat Uruguay 
2-0 last August to win the 
inaugOral Inter-Continental 
•* Cup of Nations and Michel 
Platini is the jewel in their 

Juste Fontaine, a fellow 
countryman who holds die 
World Cup scoring record 
with 13 goals in the 1958 
tournament, describes him as 
“Mr Polaroid" "He is the 
" man with the flashbulb who 
lights up the positions of bis 
colleagues" Fontaine ex- 

- plains. The image is appropri- 
ate. Platini's perception is 
acute, his control instant and 
his touch precise. .Allowed to 

-- roam freely behind the front 
line, he sees and can create 
danger where none appears to 
' exist. 

Platini is as adept at finish- 
ing moves as he is at starting 
them. His overall record of 
more than 400 goals in some 
675 appearances would be 
remarkable even for a for- 
ward. It was inevitable that 
between J9S3 and 1985, he 
should be voted the best 
~ player in Europe twice and the 
best player in the world twice. 

Yet Platini tired visibly 
during France's triumph in 
their own homeland two years 
ago, and he and his midfield 
colleagues could wjlt in the 
hostile conditions in Mexico. 
Alain Giresse will be running 
around on 33-year-old legs. 
after all. and Jean Tigana is 

- 30. 

" The loss of Jose Toure, who 

- has been ruled out by injury, 
leaves them with Dominique 
Rocheteau as their lone expe- 

^ rienced forward and, although 


World Cup finals record: 

1930: Out ki first round 
1 934: Out in first round 
1938: Out In second round 
1950 — 

1954: Out in firet round 
1958: Semi-final: Braz* 5, 
France 2 

1966: Out in first round 
1978: Out in first round 
1982: Semi-final: West 
Germany 3, France 3 (WG won 
5-4 on penalties) 

^ / '' ' ' ‘ 


Joel Bats (1), Manuel 
Amoros (2), William Ayache (3), 
Patrick Battteton (4), Michel 
Bibard (5), Maxima Bossis (6), 
Yvon te Roux (7), Thierry 
Tusseau (8), Luis Fernandez 
(9), Michel Platini (10), Jean 
Marc Ferrari (11), Alain Giresse 
(12), Bernard Genghlni (13), 
Jean Tigana (14), Phifippe 
Vercruysse (15), Bruno 
Bellone (1 6k Jean-PJerre Papin 

(17) , Dominique Rocheteau 

(1 8) , Yannick Stopyra (1 9), 
Daniel Xuereb (20). Philippe 
Bergerod (21), Albert Rust (22). 

he has been in striking form 
this season, he is also aged 30. 
Papin, a 22 -year-old playing 
over the Belgium bonder at 
Bruges, may provide a fresh 
answer to a problem that is by 
now familiar. 

Their defence can be fallible 
in the air, as Bulgaria and East 
Germany descovered during 
the qualifying stages. France 
lost both games 2-0 and a note 
of discord was heard after 
their defeat in Leipzig. Platini 
and Giresse both later denied 
that they were unhappy about 

'' : 

• :>*. * - ~ ■*:. • v h:.-*'.. 

:S ■ . - 

y; : ;V '■ - ? 

The Hungarians have lived in 
the shadow of the incompara- 
ble Magyars of three decades 
ago. That side, studded with 
such jewels as Puskas, Kocsis. 
Hidegkuti and Bozsik. won 32 
successive internationals and 
were the heaviest of favourites 
to crown their glorious four- 
year run by collecting the 
world title in 1954. Instead, as 
in 1938, they finished as the 

More recent Hungarian 
teams have never been short 
of skill as they showed during 
the English tournament in 
1966 - when, memorably, 
they inflicted on Brazil their 
first defeat in the competition 
for 12 years. But there has 
been a consistent flaw running 
through their temperament 

There are indications that 
Gyorgy Mezey has inserted 


World Cup finals record: 

1934: Quarter-final: Austria 
2, Hungary 1 
1938: Final: Italy 4, 


1954: Final; West Germany 
3, Hungary 2 
1 958: Out In first round 
1962: Quarter-final: 
Czechoslovakia 1, Hungary 0 
1966: Chiarter-finai: Russia 
2, Hungary 1 
1978: Out in first round 
1982: Out ki first round 


Gyorgy Mezey 


Peter Disztf (1), Sandor 
Sallai (2), Antal Roth (3). Jozsef 
Varga (4), Jozsef Kardos 
(5), Imre Garaba (6). Jozsef 
Klprich (7). Antal Nagy (8). 
Laszlo Dajka (9), Laps Detail 
(10), Marion Esterhazy (1 1), 
Jozsef Csuhay (12). Laszlo 
Disztl (13). Zoltan Peter 
(14J, Peter Hannisch (15). 
Jozsef Nagy (1 6), Gyozo 
Burcsa (17), Jozsef Szendrei 
(18), Gyorgy Bognar (19), 
Kalman Kovacs (20), Gyula 
Hajszan (21 ) A Jozsef 
Anarusch f 

some steel into the character 
of his squad. It seemed signifi- 
cant that, after conceding a 
goal in each of their opening 
three qualifying games, they 
recovered to win against Aus- 

tria at home and in the 
Netherlands and in Cyprus. 

Before setting out towards 
the finals, the Hungarians 
invited Mexico to play in 
Budapest and were subse- 

quently beaten 2-0. They re- 
sponded immediately to the 
ominous setback and their 
progress was so rapid that they 
were able to take time off 
during the qualifying stages to 
go to Hamburg and beat the 
West Germans 1-0. 

Mezey look over from his 
mentor, Kalman Meszoly. on 
his 42nd birthday, at a lime 
when the foundations of Hun- 
garian football had been shak- 
en by investigations into the 
fixing of league matches and 
of the national lottery-. He 
immediately introduced a 
firm rule of discipline into the 
national side. 

The decisive tie in 
Hungary's group is likely to be 
that against France in Leon on 
June 9. H happens to be 
Hungary's 600th international 

fixture. .. _ , 

Stuart Jones 

Michel Platini: will age affect the great French midfielder? 

the tactics imposed by the 
manager. Henri Michel, but 
their statements were for from 

In contrast to most of his 
representatives, Michel is rela- 
tively youthful for a manager. 
He is a mere 37. He studied 
under and eventually took 
over from the masterful Mi- 
chel Hidalgo. 

Two years earlier Hidalgo's 
side recovered from the worst 
ever start in a World Cup tie. 
In the stultifying heat of 
Bilbao they conceded the fast- 

est goal ever scored, claimed 
by Bryan Robson, and En- 
gland went on to win 3-1. 

Whatever happens this 
time, Joel Bats, the French 
goalkeeper, should hold on to 
his sense of humour if not the 
ball. On hearing that France 
had been drawn in the first 
ibund against Canada, the 
Soviet Union and Hungary, 
he remarked: “Thank good- 
ness we're taking them on at 
football and not at ice 

Stuart Jones 

1. The SovieL Union, the sleep- 
ing giants of Europe, awoke 
two decades ago. In 1966, they 
finished fourth in the World 
Cup. and four years laier in 
Mexico, they lost to Uruguay 
in the quarter-finals only in 
the last minute of extra time. 
" They reached their heights in 
1972 bv going through to the 
Final " of the European 

- Championships. 

Thai same year, the authori- 
ties. aiming for even higher 
international peaks, decided 
to change the selection system. 
Dinamo Kiev, the dominant 
w • domestic force whose hall of 
V trophies over the same period 
had included seven League 
titles, two Cups, and the 
European Cup Winners’ Cup. 
were sent out to represent the 
country as well. 

The tactical ploy was unsuc- 

- cessful. Kiev found the load of 
. club and national fixtures lop 

- heavy to bear, and the expen- 
ment was dropped. The Sovi- 

. els returned to the global stage 
• four years ago in Spain, where 
... Dasaev was voted above 
Shilton as the goalkeeper of 

- the zoumamem- 

- - Dasaev may at last be about 
ig lo step out of the shadow of 
*• the legendary Yashin, who 
*'■ always wore black and took on 
’■ the appearance of a huge 

octopus. Now the Soviet cap- 
uun. Dasaev is only 2S, and 

- his sole ambition is to match 
the reputation of his famous 
predecessor who did not bang 
up his gloves until he was 4— 

Chivadzc. relieved of the 
leadership, is sail 
bered in England for «is 
glorious display for Dmamo 


World Cup finals re coni: 

1930, 1934,1938,1950, 


1958: Quarter-final: 

Sweeten 2, Soviet Union 0 
1962: Quarter-final: Chile 2, 
Soviet Union 1 
1966: Semi-final: West 
Germany 2, Soviet Union 1 
1970: Quarter-final: 

Uruguay 1. Soviet Union 0 

1974, 1978;- 

1982: Out in second round 


Vaiery Lobanovsky 

Hinat Dasayev (1), Vladimir 
Bessonov (2). Alexander 
Chivadze (3), Gennadi 
Morozov (4), Anatoly 
Demyanenko (5), Alexander 
Bubnov (6), (van Yaremchuk 

(7), Pavel Yakovenko (8), 
Alexander Zavarov (9), Oleg 
Kuznetzov (10), Oleg 
Blokhin (11), Andrei Bai (12), 
Gennady Litovchenko (13), 
Sergei Rodionov (14), Nikolai 
Larionov (15). Viktor 
Chanov (16), Vadim 
Yevtushenko (17), Oleg 
Protasov (18), Igor Belanov 
(19). Sergei Aleinikov (20), 
Vasily Rats (21), Sergei 
Krakovsky (Z2). 

Tblisi against West Ham 
United in the Cup Winners 
Cup at Upton Park five years 
ago. Breaking from behind his 
back four, he not only set up 
numerous attacks, bui also 
finished one of them himself 
in the stunning 4-1 victory. 

He filled a similar role 
against England in his own 
home town two months ago. 
Casual and nonchalant, he 
had not fully emerged from 

the midwinter break, and was 
guilty of committing several 
uncharacteristic errors. Yet 
the two experienced represen- 
tatives will be the most reli- 
able pillars in a formation that 
has been built by Eduard 

The Soviet strength is tradi- 
tionally their defence, particu- 
larly at home where they are 
formidable. Their record, un- 
til it was punctured by 
gland and Waddle in March, 
was astonishing. In the previ- 
ous seven years, apart from a 
relatively meaningless Olym- 
pic qualifying tie against 
Czechoslovakia, they had not 
been beaten by any visitors 
nor even conceded a single 

Two years ago almost to the 
day. the Soviets demonstrated 
that they were far from the 
dour, disciplined and unad- 
venturous unit away from 
home as might have been 
expected. Fluent, imaginative, 
and skilfuL they won 2-0 at 
Wembley, and outplayed the 
side that Bobby Robson was 
about to take on tour to South 

Though they reached the 
quarter-finals in Mexico 16 
years ago. they are notoriously 
bad travellers. One anecdote, 
concerning three Soviet won- 
ders, sums it up. The Czar’s 
canon, which was cast in the 
16th-century, has never been 
fired. The Czar's bell, which 
weighs 200 ions, has never 
been rung. The national side, 
which travels across ihe globe, 
never scores a goal. 

Stuart Jonos 


World Cup finals record: 

1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 



Tony Walters 

Tino Letberi (1). Robert 
Lenarduzzi (2), Bruce Wilson 
(3), Randy Ragan (4), Terry 
Moore (5). Ian Bridge (6), Carl 
Valentine (7), Gerry Gray 
(8). Branko Segota (9), Igor 

Vrablic (10), Micha 
Sweeney (11), Randy Samuel 
(12). George Pakos(l3), 

Dale Mitchell (14), Paul James 
(15), Gregory Ion (16), David 
Norman (17), James Lowery 
(18), PasquaJe Deluca (19), 
Colin MHIer (20), Sven 
Habermann (21), Paul 
Dolan (22). 

Representing a country 
without a national league and, 
with the demise of the North 
American Soccer League 
(NASL). no meaningful pro- 
fessional football, Canada will 
go to Mexico as-the rankest of 
outsiders. Defender Bruce 
Wilson, Canada's captain and 
most capped player, was once 
offered a contract by Everton, 
but chose lo stay in North 
America. Others have taken 
the opportunities offered to go 
to Europe, with four playing 
there professionally Cast sea- 
son — Vrablic (Seraing, Bel- 
gium). Bridge (La Chaux de 
Fonds. Switzerland). Moore 
(Glentoran) and Miller 

Their success in qualifying 
was a tribute to their greatest 
asset: the national coach, 
Tony Waiters. 

TWO THINGS HAVE PUT the small town 
of Lynchbuig, Tennessee on the map. One is the 
distillery you’re looking at, the oldest registered 
distillery in America The other is the unique 
whiskey thats produced here, Jack Daniels. 

Its always been distilled here, and only ever 
here. And its been a way of life for over 100 
years. So no wonder people call it good of 
Tennessee sippiri whiskey 


a -» 
5 —1 

. was 

• six 
0.8p . 

s — 

I 71. 
and - 
510). : 

CX :I 















Trust the Irish to upset the 


World Cup finals record: 
1931: Quarter-final: France 
4, Northern Ireland 0 
1962. 1966. 1970, 1974, 

1982: Out In second round 


Bitty Bingham 

Pat Jennings (1), Jimmy 
NichoU (2). Mai Donaghy (3). 
John O’Neill (4), Alan 
McDonald (5), David McCreary 

(6). Steven Penney (7), 

Sammy Mdiroy (8), Jimmy 
Quinn (9), Norman 
Whiteside (10). Ian Stewart 
(11). Jim Platt(IZ), Phimp 
Hughes (13), Gerry Armstrong 
(14), Nigel Worthington (15). 
Paul Ramsey (i 6). Colin Clarice 

jsey(i6). . 

(17), John McClelland (18), 

Bitty Hamilton (19), Bemie 
McNally (20), David 
Campbeu (21). Mark 
Caugh ey (22). 

Nothing can give Billy Bing- 
ham. the Northern Ireland 
manager, greater pleasure 
than to look at the betting for 
the World Cup and find his 
team not even quoted. The 
Irish thrive on anonymity. But 
unless they start making them- 
selves less conspicuous by 
their achievements, they run 
the risk of winning respect 
If they were card-sharps, 
they could lose a couple of 
hands to create a false impres- 
sion. But their pride would 
never permit that Instead, 
they rely upon people like 
Sepp Pioniek, the Danish 
manager, to take the gloss off a 
performance!. After the Irish 
had, with typical rigour, run 
themselves into the Windsor 
Park mud to force a draw with 
one of Europe's premier sides. 

Pioniek remarked: “They will 
never be able to play like that 
in Mexico. Technically they 
are nothing special." Bingham 
drew on ms pipe and smiled 

The “joker in the pack” was 
how the Press described 
Northern Ireland when they 
made their initial entry into 
the World Cup Finals in 1958. 
Twenty-eight years on they are 
still taking life none too 
seriously, but the joke is now 
on everyone else. In that 58 
tournament (in which Bing- 
ham was a player) they twice 
defeated Czechoslovakia, and 
held West Germany, then 
world champions, to a draw 
before going out in the quar- 
ter-finals to France. Similar 
deeds followed in Spain in 
1982 when the Irish defeated 
their hosts to finish top of the 
group before again going down 
to France. 

Since then Northern Ireland 
have achieved the unique feat 
of defeating West Germany at 
home and away in a major 
championship (yet failed to 
qualify) and more recently 
gone eight games without 
defeat, conceding a single goal 
in the process. Spain. England, 
Rumania, France - all away - 
and Denmark, no less, will 
testify (whisper it) that the 
joker has turned up tramps. 

Their success is founded 
upon continuity, discipline, 
sensible tactics and a team 
spirit the envy of the world. 
Such qualities find a home 
most easily in deforce. It takes 
an exceptional side to break 
them down. The Irish are less 
blessed, though, in attack, 
from whose members two 
goals is tantamount to a 
scoring spree. 

If George Best’s timing was 

(Tottenham Hotspur, 116 
caps, gcaflceeper, ag«d40) 
Stilt the best 22 years after 
debut; wffi be 41 the day they 



International level. Best 

- . ■ j 

* ~ • ’ •’ *= 
f- ■ * 

* v ■- 

.. ,1 

. ' b * ^'fx . 

off field. 

Jim Platt 

(Cotorafcm, 23 caps, 
go alk e eper , aged 35) 
Lifetime understudy to 
Jennings who resigned hlms 
to the fact In Spain. Retired 
from lorn career with 
Middlesbrough to lake up 
Irish League player-manage 
position. Dependable. 

Ph^p Hughes 
(Leeds United, no caps. 

jimmy Quinn: to the Irish forwards, a pair of goals is a spree 

out by 20 years, that of one of 
his contemporaries remains 
spot on. Jennings, who made 
his international debut in the 
same game as Best, recently 
set a world goalkeeping record 
of 116 appearances. On June 

qualifying tournament, never 
mind the finals. But he ex- 
tracted vintage performances 
from his aging reflexes in 
Bucharest and at Wembley, 
the last of which refuted the 
idea that England had deliber- 

Ol 1 1 0 Jiuueaianv&i*. : ,7 — 1 

12, when Northern Ireland aiely allowed Northern Ire- 
step out to face Brazil in land the draw they required to 

Guadalajara, it will be qualify. 

Jennings’ 4tst birthday (by Northern Ireland begin the 
coincidence he celebrated an- tournament awkwardly 
other personal milestone, his against Algeria, who, as West 
21st, in Mexico on a Totten- Germany will recall, are useful 
ham Hotspur tour). He could outsiders. But if they can 
have no better present now temporarily withstand the 
than a clean sheet Otherwise pressure of being favourites to 
it could be his last game, score a victory here, it would 
unless Bingham convinces ^ them up nicely for their 
him that he really is Peter Pan, “hopeless” tasks against Spain 

It was against his wishes 
that he competed in the 

Germany will recall, are useful 

outsiders. But if they can 
temporarily withstand the 
pressure of being favourites to 
score a victory here, it would 
set them up nicely for their 
“hopeless” tasks against Spain 
and Brazil. 


only successor. Joined 
Manchester United from 
schod but was hot retained. 
Currently on loan to Bury. 
Youth International, Just 
traveling for the 

Jimmy Nichofl 

(West Bromwich Albion, 70 
caps, fuflback, aged 29) 

Mr CooL Manchester 
United regular for K> seasons. 
Bom In Canada. Resolute, 
weS balanced defender. 
Scored only one goal; : 
memorably against Sweeten In 
1 980. Troubled by Injury. 

Mai Donaghy 

(Luton Town, 42 ceps, _ ■ 
defender/midffeW, aged 28) 
A smooth and reliable as a 
Rolls Royce. Deserves better, 
than pofita appreciation. 
Strong tackier, good passer 
and useful in the air. But yet 
to score. 

Nigel Worthington 
(Sheffield Wed, 8 caps, 
defsmter/midflefd, aged 24) 
Utility player. sttH trying to 
establish nJmeelf at dub and 

performance yet against , 
Denmark. Awkward in 
appearance but effective and ■ 
thoroughly dedicated. 

John McClaBand 
(Watford, 36 caps, centre 
back, aged 30) 

Quickest big defender .. • ■ 

around. Has played in senior 
leagues in all the four home 
countries. Took 10 years to 
reach the English first 
division. Recently tost his Irish 

John O’Neill 
(Leicester City, 36 csoe, 
centre back, aged 28) 

Lost his place just before 
test Worid Cup. UnOcatytodo 
. so now having tarmeda 
good relationship with 
McDonald. Has played over 
300 games for Leicester. 
Loughborough College 

84 caps, 


after dtea strous tzm anaa. 


poweritem the ter. AblglaUft 

CoflnCMft . 


wS^ca but h^urtes have 

Intimidates defences. 

Norman WWtMtoe 


AlataartlvaLbutnas 1 
quickly stKwnhteabWy ontte 


account against Morocco. 

Jromy Qteoc - 
pStdrteanftovsw.?^ .. . 

Alan McDonald . 

(Queen’s Park Rangsrs, 

5 cap^centre/right back. 

Sensational debut and 
outstanding ever since. 
Unbeatable in the air but 
untested on firm ground 
against forwards of high 

brand new; yet to taste ctefeaL 

Paul Ramsay ■ 

(Lekrester C%, 8 caps, 
midfield, aged ») 

Tenacious bail winner. One 
of only three internationals to 
emerge from Derry City 
since they were fotceo out of 
football by the troubles. 
Presently recovering from 
knee injury. 

David McCreery 
(Newcastle Unfed, 52 
caps, midfield, aged 28) 

Tireless midfield deflector. 
Outstanding in toe heat in 
Spain. Spent eight years at 

Discovered by the scout who 
found Best Strong and 

mature beyond hs years; 
subtle, too. 

David CampbeS 
{Nottingham Forest, 1 cm. 


Swindon to BtacMnffl. 

Does best work m the tfr. . 

StowPanasy . - •* 

(Brighton, 7 caps, wfogpr; 

Bouito to start mRtexicoh 

after 35 minutes International 
experience. Succeeded 

Davenport i n dub side and, 
impressed immediately, wro 
perhaps operate from deep 
positions. Confident with 
quidc feet 

Bernard McNaSy 

(Shrewsbury Town, 1 esp, 
midfield, aged 22) 

Bom to Shrewsbury of an 

Irish father. SkBfutifttie player 
but lacks confidence. Has 
twk» deefewd toptayon a 

do so in Mexico. 

^teveL Joined B ri^prton, ^ ; -j. 

from Baflymera- OsWpkJttog ^ - ... 

last time out CorfkMW* - 
sPoukf grow wffh experience. 

ten Stewart 

Skittish character who once 
refused a £100 a we ak pey 
rise. Potential wovfd beater. 

Reminds Sngh am of h knsetf in 
younger days. Scared • - - 

wmritng goal on home debut 
against West Germany. • 

Explosive shot 

(KSSlSc^ forwwd. 

Billy Hamilton 

39 caps. 

Won his first cap agates* 

Framce. The only outfield 
Irish League playw to the 
squad. Preferred to the 
more experi enced 

Brazil’s blend 
may be back to 
full potency 

The very name of Brazil is 
enough to inflict a nervous 
own-goal upon any opposi- 
tion. Never has 'a team’s - 
reputation been more forbid- 
ding, more exciting, more 
colourful. Third in 1938 and 
1978, second in -1950 and. 
winners three times since — 
the last in Mexico in 1970 — 
these are the bare facts which 
Brazil have dressed with a 
unique splendour. 

They were automatic 
favourites before a ball had 
been kicked in the qualifying 
competition and though their 
form has been unexceptional , 
indeed ordinary, since, they 
remain most people's idea of 
the logical winners in the beat 
and ratified atmosphere of 

It is about time we had 
another glorious winner. Since 
England's triumph in 1966 the 
technicians have been taking 
over, changing the game from 
an art into a science, but it 
will take a great Brazilian side 
to reverse the trend. Anything 
less will fail — as the 1982 
finals illustrated, when even a 
superbly spontaneous Brazil- 
ian side could not quite match 
the blend of discipline and 
.verve represented by Italy, the 
eventual champions. 

. That defeat prevented Zico, 
the world's most gifted player, 

: from receiving the recognition 
that only a place on a winner’s 
" podium can bestow. He is now 
unlikely to take his rightful 
position alongside Pele, and 
Tostao and the other Brazil- 
ians of legend. An appaling 
' knee injury forced hun to 
withdraw recently from the 
squad, and at the age of 33 his 
chance is unlikely to come 

This is a serious setback to 
Brazil’s preparations — which 
had, in any case, suffered a 
delayed start. It was not until 
early this year that Brazil 

- persuaded Tele Santana to 
return from the Middle East 

■' Santana had led them with 
distinction in Spain, but in the 
■ eyes of the Brazilian public 
their showing was adjudged a 
I’ failure. Since his resignation 
there has been such a prolifer- 
ation of managers as could 
only happen in BraziL First 
Carlos Alberto Parreira, who 
1 had managed Kuwait in the 

1982 finals, was recalled to 
: take charge, but defeat against 

- Uruguay in .the final of the 

1983 South American cham- 
pionship was enough to 

. prompt his departure. 

Edu, the elder brother of 
1 Zico, took over, but failed to 
7 survive the dishonour of los- 
7 ing to England in the 

Maracana. Evaristo, who once 
*' played for Barcelona, picked 
. up the reins with instructions 
V to steer Brazil through their 
; qualifying games. He was 
relieved of his duty even 
• before the qualifiers had 


World Cup finals record: 
1930: Out In first round 
1934: Out In first round 
1938: Semi-final: Italy 2, 

1950: Rumers-up in flntf 

1954: Quarter-final: 
Hungary 4, Brazil 2 
1958: FINAL: BRAZIL 5, 

1962: FINAL: BRAZIL 3, 
1966: Out in first round 
1970: FINAU BRAZIL 4, 

1974:Thbd-place m a t ch: 
Poland 1, Brazfl 0 
1978: TWnf-ptace ma t c h: 
Brazl 2, Italy 1 
1 982: Out In second round 

Tele Santana 


Roberto Gatto Carlos (1), 
Boaro Edson (2), Jose Oscar 
Bernard! (3), FBho Edlnho 
(4), Roberto Falcao (5), Junior 
(6), Muller (7V Casagrande 
(8). Careca (9), Zico (10), 

Alenao (15), Maura Gatvao 
(16), Leao Branco (17), 

Socrates (18). Bzo Coelho 
(1 9), Silas (20), Vakio (21 ). 

Leao Emerson (22). 

return on a more permanent 

By February be had formed 
a squad of 29 players, and 
their uninterrupted build-up 
to the finals began. 

Over the weekend, the final 
B razilian squad was an- 
nounced — with no place for 
two midfield stars of former 
years, Cerezo and Dirceu. 

A team official said: “We 
held a meeting with Zico, 
Dirteu and Cerezo and con- 
cluded that only Zico fidt 
psychologically prepared to 
play in the World Cup." 

The decision to drop Cerezo 
did not come as a surprise, 
particularly after a weak per- 
formance in a training match 
on Friday, when he looked 

Spam’s second chance 
in a home from home 

.. . 


■ 1 
• . 

Four years ago Spain must 
have foil like abandoning 
forever the dream that one day 
their national team would 
reach those dizzy heights so 
frequently attained by their 
dub sides over the years. 
Their abject failure in die test 
World Oip was abitter disap- 
pointment to a nation not 
readily given to home defeats. 

As ever, though, nationajis- ■ 
tic fervour has been rekindled, 
farmed by events at dub and 
international level in the last 
two years which have placed 
Spam at the forefront of. 
European footbalL Two sum- 
mers ago Spain reached the 
fin*! of the European champi- 
onship at senior and under-2i 
level; in the test few weeks 
Spanish teams have contested 
the finals of all three European 
dub competitions, winning 
one, the UEFA Cup, which 
Real Madrid were defending. 

The man largely responsible 
for the resurgence of the 
national team is Miguel Mu~ 
fioz, who was appointed man- 
ager four years ago, though 
some might say it would have 
been 24 years ago. At 64 he is 
one of the oldest and most 
experienced managers at the 
finals. Muftoz was also the 
man who as captain and then 
manager led Real Madrid 
through their golden years of 
the Fifties and Sixties. 

He was directly involved in 
four of their European Cup 
successes, two as a player aha 
two as a : manager, before 
resigning in 1974 after 14 
years in charge of team affairs. 
He moved on to less grandiose 
environments before receiv- 
ing his belated call to the 
national set up when he was 
asked to pick up the pieces 
following the Mondial misad- 
venture of 1982. 

Since replacing his old Real 
Madrid colleague Jose 
Santamaria, Munoz has made 
numerous changes. Only four 
of those who performed in the 
1982 .finals are likely u re- 
main: Alesanco, Camacho, 

World Cup finals record: 


1934: Quarter-float: Italy 1, 

1950: Fourth in final pool 
195* 1 95 8— 

1962: Out In firat round 
1966: Oat In fl ia t rou nd 
1978: Out in first round 
1982: Outfit ancond round -• 


Migel Munoz 

Andoni Zubizarreta (1), 

Pedro Tomas Renones (2). 

Jose Amenta Camacho (3), 
Antonio Macsda ML Victor 

Munoz (5), Rafael Gordfflo 

(6), Juan Antonio Senor (7), 
Andoni Gotooechea (8), 

Frandaco Carrasco (10). 

Jufio Alberto Moreno (11). 
Enrique Setien f12), 

Frandaco Umiticoechoa (13). 

Ricardo Gaflego (14), 

Miguel Portan (15), HlpoWo . 
Rincon (16), Francisco 
Lopez (17), Ramon CakJere 
Juso Safinas (19), Boy 
Olaya (20), Migusi Gonzalez 
(21^ Juan Abtenedo (22). 

Gordillo and SantiUana. Five 
ofthe side who lost to En^and 
in the undcr-21 final have 
graduated: Zubtzaretta (who 
will probably replace the ill- 
fated Arconada in goal), Julio 
Salinas, Francisco, Michel and 
Butragueno, the young Real 
sensation whose form has 
been affected this season by 

During the European senior 
championship they provided a 
perfect example ofhow a team 
can grow during a tourna- 
ment Spain started in a 
disorganized state but gradu- 
ally, if unspectacularly, came 
together with such a force that 
they might have overpowered 
-a French team serioudy out of 
sons in the final. As it was 
Spain themselves were badly 
depleted by injuries and sus- 
pensions. But victories over 

West Germany and Denmark 
have helped their confidence 

They must remain on their 
guard against unstable 
temperaments. Andoni 
Goioococtea. their vast cen- 1 
xraf defender, was nick n amed 
“Butcher of BiIbto T ’ .by.ihe 
English popular press for the 
way he osoe chopped down 
Maradona in a Spanish league 
match, tapvmg the Argentine 
inactive %r four months. But 
m Fra n c e Gokocohea was 
fierce and fair, and with the 
btond-haircd Maceda be has 
formed one of the most daunt- 
ing partnerships in the inter- 
national arena. 

A more dubious tempera- 
ment is that belonging to the 
nimble Jufio Alberto, one of 
Spain's creative forces. The 
subtlety of Gaflego and the 
forcefiinness of GordiBo pro- 
vide alternative routes tofoaL 
but upfront they have still to 
find a successor to S an ti U ana. 

The absence of a goal scorer 
of high quality is reflected in 
the domestic league, in which 
the country's two most 
powefid dubs. Real Madrid 
and Barcelona, have shopped 
abroad for such forward talent 
such as Sanchez (Mexico). 
Archibald (Scotland) ana 
Hughes (Wales). 

Scotland, Wales and even 
Iceland, who all finished be- 
hind Spain in their qualifying 
group, illaslrated another 
weakness inherent in recent 
Spanish teams that would 
have shamed Columbus — an 
aversion to travel. Ones out- 
side their frontiers, their pas- 
sion strangely deserts them. 
Both British teams handed out 
sound beatings and Iceland 
led them until late in the game 
before narrowly losing. Mexi- 
co, however, should be a bome 
from home, and they can be 
guaranteed good support. 
With an opening game against 
Brazil, they can ifl afford to 
start slowly if drey are to bold 
on to that dream. 

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Santana, who had a lucra- 
tive contract in Saudi Arabia, 
agreed to return temporarily, 
and took the team - not 
without difficulty - past Bo- 
livia and Paraguay. But not 
until the CBF presidential 
' elections had been held in 
January could a new manager 

^appointed, and it was only 

then font Santana was asked to 

tired after only 15 minutes. . 

Tbc dismissal of the 33-year- zfco:‘a test chance for foe world's greatest player to take his rightful place in Brazfrfe legend 
old Dirceu was more of a 
shock, since be had said be 
was recovering from bis knee 
injury. Dirceu had been hop- 
ing to make miming for ms 
fourth World Cup finals ap- $ 
pearance, after having played 
in West Germany, Argentina 
and Spain. Cerezo played in 
Argentina and Spain. 

Among the new talent, the 
best known is Casagrande, a 
23-year-old centre forward 
built on European lines, with 
strength and size his chief 
assets. Muller, bis 20-year-old 
partner, might also have been | 
made in Europe; be is said to 
have taken his name from foe 
legendary West German. 

After such extensive prepa- 
ration, Brazil should by now 
have been property prepared. 

But it often takes a tourna- 
ment to bring out the best in a 
team. Having accounted for 
the Soviet Union, Argentina 
and Scotland in their opening 
group in 1982, Brazil should 
have few qualms about their 
opposition in Guadalajara, 
foe scene of their last mo- 

menu of true Bra2fl , s ^ may hoT* bleoded their of glorkw. uto. 

Third World, first rate 

"V-j r v-r 

If. anything justified the deci- 
sion to expand the tourna- 
ment to 24 teams in 1982, h 
was the breath of fresh air 
brought by the Third World 
countries, especially those of 
Africa. Outstanding among 
these were Algeria, not just for 
achieving the giant-killing of 
the competition, beating West 
Germany, eventual finalists, 
in their opening match, but for 
their overall displays. 

. If at tiraes vulnerable defen- 
sively as a unit, goals conced- 
ed being the main factor in 
their sad exit on goal differ- 
ence (they were the only team 
to go out after gaming four 
points in the first round), their 
attacking play was a revela- 
tion. The: .commanding 
Fergani and BeHoumi showed 
a subtlety, skill and drive in 
midfield, the two wingers 
Madjerand Assad had to pace 
and control; and Zidane fed 
the line.wifo dash. . 

They were a tt^ with 
surprisingly good organization 
as well as cotsderable skill 
and attacking zest, richly mer- 
iting a place in .the . second 
stage denied them by the 
‘ shameful ^hony war” of the 


Worid Cup fimria record: 
1930, 1934, 1938, 1950, 

1954, 1958, 1962. 1966, 1970, 


1982: Out in first round 

Rabat! Sasdans 

Nasser Dridfl), Mahmoud 
Guendouz (2). FatW Chebal (3), 
Nouredlne Kortchl (4), ; 

AbdeUah Medjadi (5), 

. Mohamed Kad Sakf (6), 

Satab Assad (7), Karim Maroc 
(8), Dtomol Meoad (3), 

Lakhdar Belloumi (10), Rabah 

Zldaim (14L Abdetoamid SadnH 
(15). Faouzi Mansour! (iffi, 
Faouzi Ben Khafi<fi(17), 
Abdejhamid BenMabrouk 

< F i a^^SS lb(19 >- 

figl poup match between 
west Germany and Austria. 

The basis of that team 
ramaros, with several benefit- 
ing from playing profession- 
ally in Europe- since then. 

including the powerful de- 
fender Mansoun. Assad and ■, 
Madjcr, the last named now - 
playing as a centre^brward 
with FC Porto. There vot 
eight professionals in tire team 
which qualified for Mexico by 
beating a reputedly very good 
Zambia and then demolishing 
Tunisia, and on that form d 
would not be surprising „« 
Northern Ireland and Spam 
found them at least ademand- 

Subsequently^ however, the 
auguries have been tea prom- 
ising. The failure in the fit® 1 
"round of the African Cup 
finals in March with a young, 
experimental squad was msg- 
nrtfcani — traditionally teams j 
who have qualified to the 
World Cup do badly in foe 
continental tournament The 

acclimatization tour of Mex** 

co in December was more' 

More importantly, focre are 
doubts surrounding tire fitness 
of BeHoumi. the national hero 

If they actifrnatize success- 
fully, this time they could 
prove more substantial fo® 

• the' previous tournament* 
most enchanting intofo p^ B 

it ■ '*: 

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; V * : «i -Sta 





: *• 
.• s 





The year of living 

i * 

• * 1 ..V 



World < 

1 ^ 5 . 1934 , 1938 , 1950 - 
5"* j" 8«t round 
1958: Out in first round 

1962. 1966, 1970- 

12Z5 ! 9 ut ! ,,fir8tr w«rf 
JSZS9 Btl,,,fc * t, w"tf 
1SS2: Out in first round 

i? tV 


Jim Leighton (1). Richard 
Gough (a Maurice M 
Graeme Sou ness (4), , 

McLeish (5). Willie Miller (6), 
Gordon Strachan m. Roy 


s w 

Arthur AiWston (15), Frank 
McAvennie MS), Steve 
Arrtiibald (17), Graeme Sharp 
08). Charm Nicholas ( 1 9), 

Paul Storrock (20), 

Not that Graeme Souness, the 
Scotland captain, and. bis team 
mates would agree, but the 
draw could not have been 
kinder to them. Providing 
cruel opposition are Uruguay, 
the South American champi- 
ons. West Germany, the 
World Cup's most consistent 
team, and Denmark, 
everyone's favourite outsider 
yet ranked No I in Europe last 
year. No Third Work! hanann 
skin here to make fools oat of 
the Scots. 

U was as if the hue Jock 
Stein, their former me 
had taken a hand in 
destiny. He knew only too well 
the foibles of the Scottish 
footballer’s character. Give 
him a pat on the back, an 
opponent from who knows 
where and a couple of chorus- 
es of “Scotland the Brave** 
and, as a Scottish pop singer 
once tokf us, “He’s got the 
whole world in his hands.** 

In each of their three previ- 
ous ill-feted cam p ai g ns Scot- 
land were eliminated In fee 
first round on goal difference 
largely because of their failure 
to deal efficiently with the 
group's punchbag, fin 1974* 
Bremner was to be seen 
playing for time when only 2-0 
up against Zaire. Though they 
went on to outplay Brazil and 
Yugoslavia, tin: games won 
drawn mid Brazil went 

Jim Leighton 
(Abordoen, 28 caps, 
goalkeeper, aged 27) 

Takes the fun out of 
Scottish goalkeeping. The best 
since Bill Brown. 

Possesses tremendous 
concentration; an asset in 
the thin atmosphere. Has 
contact lenses to thank for 
his career. 

Alan Rough 

(Hibernian, 53 caps. 

goalkeeper, aged 34) 

Once descrfced as the best 
in the world by Ally MacLeod. 
English opinion is less 
complimentary. The most 
experienced player in the 
squad and a great character. 


acted for 

(Oldham Athletic, 3 caps, 
joaOceeper, aged 22) 

YOf f 


England under-21 squad 
but efid not play so Scotland 
bagged him. Made debut as 
substitute against East 
Germany. Only 5ft lOin but 

Richard Gough 
’Dundee United, 23 caps, 

" back/central defender. 


Bom in Stockholm. Great 
all round strength. Loves to 
attack and a menace in the 
air; the match winner against 
England last year. Now 
English dubs want him on their 

PadMcStay: one of 14 Scottish League players in Ferguson's squad, intent on avoiding fee banana skins of previous fin ite 

through on fee strength of 
their 3-0 win against Zaire. 

In 1978, while Scotsmen 
everywhere gloated over' 
England's continued failure to 
qualify for the finals, Ally 
MacLeod, fee Scotland man- 
ager at the time, proceeded to 
provide the English with sweet 
revenge. Having loudly pre- 
dicted feat Scotland would 
win the Worid Cup, he. could 
only squirm in his seat as goals 
from Peru and Iran buzzed 
past Rough's ears. Though 
they recovered to. defeat the 
Dutch, fee one goal against 
Iran proved their undoing 
Even in 1982, when the atti- 
tude seemed tight, two charac- 
teristic goalkeeping errors in 
their victory against New 
Zealand cost them dearly. 

As Alex Ferguson, Stem's 
successor, remarked, they go 

into these finals hardly over- 
burdened wife optimism. But 
fee Scots are at their stubborn 
best fa adversity. The fear is 
that they may be too studious 
and cautious. Of course, over- 
commitment in attack would 
be suicidal against such lethal 
opposition. At least by starting 
against Denmark things could 
hardly get worse. 

What little Scotland's for- 
wards — whoever they may be 
— can gain will need to be 
jealously protected, and in 
Leighton, 'Scotland have a 
goalkeeper alert enough to put 
a stop to all the jokes about his 
breed's fallibility. It is a solid 
defence even without Hansen, 
the Liverpool captain, who 
was sensationally overlooked. 
It was a brave decision, al- 
though one cannot help think- 
ing that the elegantly 

composed Hansen was made 
for Mexico. Narey provides 
the only genuine cover should 
cracks appear in fee Aberdoni- 
an granite represented by 
Miller and McLeish. 

Souness is sure to revel in 
fee midfield sparring that will 
take place wife the likes of 
Denmark's Lerby, Uruguay's 
Francescoli and West 
Germany's Magalh. Strachan 
will need to assume more 
responsibility in the absence 
of Dalglish's cunning. As will 
Ferguson, off the field 

The withdrawal of 
England’s most respected 
Scotsman has provided fee 
squad instead with Spain’s 
most respected Scotsman, and 
fee knowledge that Archibald 
possesses of Latin defensive 
thinking could be crucial. 
Ferguson must choose be- 

tween fielding two quick, 
goalscoring forwards or one 
plus a target type tike Sharp. 
McAvennie’s instinct for goal 
is too precious to omit It is 
hand to see what part Nicholas 
can play, yet this ought to be 
his stage. 

Having experienced anoth- 
er disappointing season in 
Europe with his unfiilfilled 
Aberdeen side, Ferguson 
would love to find compensa- 
tion here not just for himself 
but for Stein, whose ambitions 
always extended beyond fee 
domestic game. One senses 
that Scotland's final game 
against Uruguay will hold fee 
key that could unlock the door 
to the second round for them 
for the first time in six 
attempts, though it may have 
to be in third place. 

CBve White 

(Liverpool, B caps, 
fullback/m idfield, aged 24) 
Patient understudy to Neal 
at An field, now reaping reward. 
Forceful player who links 
well in attack. Recently 
recovered from a broken 
jaw. Tipped by Souness as 
future captain. 

Maurice Malpas 
(Dundee United, 10 caps, 
full back/midfield, aged 23) 
Versatile player with ample 
confidence despite his 
inexperience. Quick, with a 
natural left foot. Difficult debut 
in mauling by France prior 
to European championship. 
Possesses degree in 
electrical engineering. 

Alex McLeish v 
(Aberdeen, 43 caps, centre 
back, aged 27) 

Part of tns well-established • 
Aberdeen defensive triangle 
favoured by Ferguson ana 
Stein before him, to the - 
exclusion of Hansen. Fierce 
competitor and supreme In the 
air. Started in midfield. 


Wffie Miller 

(Aberdeen, 48 caps, centre 
back, aged 31) 

Orw world-class Scot 
whom the English never 
filched. Superb anticipation 
and composure. Knows when 
and when not to tackle. Has 
snuffed out the best, including 

David Narey 
(Dundee United, 28 cap 
central defender, : 

Returned from three years 
in the wilderness to face Israel. 
Dependable sort who 
performed well at full back in 
Spam four years aga Seen 
as cover for Aberdeen pair. 

Arthur Albfston 
(Manchester United, 13 
caps, full back, aged 28) 
Definitely erne for the 
shadow squad. One of the best 
full backs m England two 
years ago. Ignored for IS 
Internationals after debut 
just prior to last World Cup. 

Graeme Souness 
(Rangers, 53 1 
midfield, age< 

Finest midfield player 
Britain has produced since 
Bobby Chariton. Ruthless 
beneath an impassive exterior. 
More of a dictator than a 
general. First Scot to captain at 
two finals. 

Gordon Strachan 
(Manchester United, 34 
caps, midfield, aged 29) 
Dapper, Intricate Irttfe 
player much missed by 
Ferguson at Aberdeen. 

Capable of driving defenders 
to distraction, ana a goal 
scorer too. 


(Celtic, 15 caps, midfield, 
aged 21) 

Theoretically an ideal 
successor to Souness at 
Liverpool. Immaculate, 
complete young player who led 
the youth team In Mexico 
two years ago. First capped at 
18. Excellent vision. 

Jim Bet! 

(Aberdeen, 17 caps, 
midfield, aged 25) 

and honesty. TaH, 
Lire, not afraid of 

whom Aberdeen brought back 
from Belgium for £3 20,000. 
Takes up good attacking 
positions and scored a 
crucial late winner In the 
qualifying game in Iceland. 

Roy Aitken 
(Celtic, 20 caps, 
midfield/defender, aged 27) 

A source of inspiration by 

Upright fi 

hard work. Highly effective if 
unspectacular. Made hfs 
debut in 1979. 

Eamorni Bannon 
(Dundee United, 9 cap*, 
midfield, aged 28) 

Joined Chelsea seven 
years ago but failed to settle 
and left within months altar 

g laying 25 League games. 

kinuF tod creative but yet 
to carve a niche in the 
international side. 

Steve Archibald 
(Barcelona, 26 caps, 
forward, aged 29) 
Ghostty-looking figure with 
a chilling finish. His calUip in 
place of the injured Dalglish 
saved a disappointing season 
in Spain. Sharp, hard 
working and unselfish. 

Frank McAvennie 
(West Hem United) 2 caps, 
forward, aged 26) 

A natural goal scorer 
whose career only took off 
when he moved to London. 
Made an immediate impact on 
the English first division. 
Excellent acceleration, 
determined and smart 
Scored on international debut 
Charlie Nicholas 
(Arsenal, IS caps, forward, 
aged 24) 

Flatters to deceive with his 
lavish skills; a pity he does not 
deceive more defenders. 

Good in short bursts and 
enjoying his best form since 
moving south. Just might 

Graeme Sharp 
(Everton, 8 caps, forward, 
aged 25) 

Has improved immensely 
since Lineker's arrival at 
Everton, but yet to find his 
other half wife Scotland. 
Unsettles defences with 
clever runs. Accurate with his 
header, but has yet to score 
for Scotland. 

Paul jSturrock 
(Dundee United, 16 caps, 

forward, aged 29) 

Slippery penalty-area 
player who can score with 
either foot. Quick and 
determined and a regular dub 
goal scorer. One of five 
Dundee United players in the 

Da vfe Cooper 
(Rangers, 14 caps, 
forward, aged 30) 

Fitful winger whose 
nervous skills can win fee day. 
More reliable in dead-ball 
situations, which may explain 
why he took and scored the 
penalty that knocked out 

i finals record: 
1930: URUGUAY 4, 
1934, 1936- 


1954: SemJ-flnat: Hungary 

1982; Out ht first found 
196fc Quarter-final: Wut 
Germany 4, Uruguay 0 
Uruguay 1 . 

1974: Out fn first round 


Rodolfo Rodriguez 
Nelson Gutierrez (2 
Acevedo (3), Victor 
l( 6L .Antonio 
(8), Jorge Da 
FrancesdoB (10), Sergio S 
It), Fernando AtvezoZ), 

Vega (13), Dario Pereyra 
14), EUseo Rivero (15), 
i Saratoga (Ip), Joee 
Salazar (17), Ruben Paz 

' ' enand - 


Cabrera (21), Ceteo ( 

It requires no more than a 
glimpse of Uruguay's team 
sheet to understand fee major 
problem feeing Omar Bonus, 
at 65 the oldest manager at foe 
finals; only one player among 
their first XI plays for a 
Uruguayan dub. 

Since winning- fee first 
World Cap in Uruguay in 
1930 and fee Brazilian one in 
1950 Uruguay have suffered 
from an ever increasing dis- 
parity in the monetary awards 
to .be gained in their cou ntry 
compared to those in the rest 
of South America, never mmd 
Europe. . 

Consequently, as fast as 
they produce players from 
their tiny population of las 
than 3 million as quickly do 
they lose them all around fee 
efobe. Bones said recently 
that he could form four teams 
made up solely of exiles. OnIy 
sht ofhis squad of 22 are likely 
to be based wife home clubs. 

Therefore insurmountable 
problems have been encoun- 
tered w trying w bring togetl^ 

er his best players fw their 
firfl assault on the World cup 
finals in years. Early in fee 
year Borras was forceo to 
begin squad training wife 
what amounted to his 
serves. They toured North 
America and upon their return 
earned a creditable 2-2 draw 
wife Poland. But the value of 
fee exercise could only have 
been marginal with so many 

In April they toured Europe 
with a stronger squad and 
impressed British viewers 

hugely in: a 1-1 draw against 
Wales in which their skills 
shone through unfettered by 
Nmian Park's cloying mud. A 
defeat followed in Dublin 
against fee Republic of Ire- 
land but with a weakened side. 

Their preparation has been 
in stark contrast to that of 
ihetr great South 'American 
rivals, BraziL which is a pity 
since they have almost as 
much to oSer. In Cardiff there 
were signs that the Uruguay- 
ans may be less deliberate and 
withdrawn than in previous 
years. ■ 

They are the current South 
American champions, having 
beaten Brazil in the 1983 final, 
form which they powerfully 
underlined when defeating 
England and Argentina two 
summers ago, -again with 
scratch sides. Tbey-remained 
unbeaten fin: 14 games until : 
last year when, venturing forth 
from their homeland, they 
were beaten by ‘Chile, Peru*’ 
Colombia and Brazil 

When they can see them, 
Uruguayan crowds drool over 
the likes of Francescoli, a 
prolific - scorer of stunning 
goals from the wing for River 
Plate, the Ai^entLre club. For 
Uruguay he indulges himself 
in more of a midfield rale, 
from which he still scores 
regularly ar set pieces wife 
foot and head. Other attacking 
delights are Ramos, an unor- 
thodox left winger wife Lens 
in France, and da Silva, a 
lading • goal, scorer -with 
Atletico Madrid • 

scorer, back from exile 

The cosmopolitan nature of 
the squad has at least erased 
the political dividing Une that 
existed between players from 
those fierce rivals, Pcnarol 
and National. Bonus encour- 
ages discussion on tactics, 
even the composition of fee 
side. He is a great tactician 
himself and has written three 
books on football training. He 
has also coached athletics at 
national level 

His association with the 
■national team pies back 20 
years. He was coach to the side 
which frustrated Alf Ramsey’s 
England in the opening match 
of the J966 World Cup. He 
bier became director of the 
Uruguayan FA’s technical de- 
partment, a position he has 
retained since becoming na- 
tional coach again in 1982. 

Clearly Unioiay are more 
than capable of justifying their 
position- as third favourites, 
but in the most competitive 
opening group of ail with 
Denmark, West Germany and 
Scotland they will need to 
form an understanding more 
hurriedly than they would 
have liked! (they expirct to be. 
without the -bearded Rodri- 
guez. reputed to be the best 
goalkeeper in South America, 
for at least fee opening game 
against West Germany be- 
cause of an operation). 

"We will need to start in top 
gear," Borras says, “But don’t 
forget Uruguay has always put 
up us best performances in the 
■most difficult circumstances.” 
Ohm White 

An outside seed was never so 
fancied. Denmark arrive at 
this World Cup as the most 
talented debutants in fee his- 
tory of the competition. For 
lovers of fee game in its purest 
form they provide, along wife 
France, fee most attractive 
alternative to a Brazilian suc- 
cess story. 

Their rise from the obscuri- 
ty of Scandinavian football 
four years ago took everyone 
by surprise, notably England. 
Not since the Hungarians won 
at Wembley in 1953 had 
England been so stunned yet 
at the same time appreciative 
of their opponents. Even fore- 
warned of fee Danish menace 
by a 2-2 draw in G 
England could do n 
about fee defeat which fol- 
lowed 12 months later at 
Wembley, curtailing their in- 
terest in fee last European 
championship. Instead Den- 
mark went on to the finals in 
France, where the freshness of 
their football was ultima] 
overcome by fatigue 

Denmark have brought to 
fee game fluency and fliur uot 
seen since the cavalier days of 
Cruyff and his fellow Dutch 
masters m the middle 1970s. 
Their special talent, for strik- 
ing at speed from deep posi- 
tions, was ruthlessly 
demonstrated- in their 4-1 


World Cup finals record: 
1930, 1934. 1938, 1950, 
1954,1958,1962. 1966.1970, 

Nielsen (5), Soren Lerby (6), 
Jan Moiby (7), Jesper Olsen 
"**. Klaus Bergreen (9), Preben 

Elkjaer (10), Michael 
Laudrup (1 IL Jens Joem 
Bertelsen (12), Per Frimann 


Roofs Rasmussen (1), John 
Sivebask (2), Soeren Busk (3), 
Morten Olsen (4), Ivan 

(13), Allan Simonsen 
Frank Amesen (15), I 
Ovist (16), Kant Nielsen (1 7). 
Flemming Christensen fi 8), 
John Eriksen (19), Jan Bertram 
(20), Henrik Andersen (21), 
Lars Hoeg (22). 

victory over the Republic of 
Ireland in Dublin last Novem- 
ber. Eoin Hand, fee former 
Irish manager and a student of 
world football, described it 
wife reverence as “real 
aggression’*. The Soviet 
Union and East Germany 
were similarly punished. 

Although these Danes are 
now scattered arotfod fee 
wealthy finishing schools of 
Europe, their roots were nur- 
tured in fee kind of academies 
of excellence which Bobby 
Robson and fee English FA 
have recently founded. Here 
young footballers, while being 
guided in fee right direction, 
were encouraged to express 
themselves. Only when the 
skills had properly blossomed 
were they harnessed profes- 
sionally by Sepp Piomek, a 
former West German interna- 
tional player who arrived as 
national manager in Denmark 

in 1979 along with the finan- 
cial support of fee Carlsberg 
brewery. The system has pro- 
duced some of fee best players 
in fee world. 

Robots they are not, and 
there is one attribute they afl 
possess - feat of positive 
thought, from Johnny 
Sivebaek, at right back, 
through to Jesper Olsen, at 
outside left The way to Euro- 
pean riches was led by Allan 
Simonsen, a slight figure 
whose powerful impact on 
West German and Spanish 
football culminated in his 
award as European Footballer 
of fee Year in 1977. A broken 
1% in fee opening game of the 
last European Championship 
blighted his and Denmark's 
immediate future but at the 
age of 35 be has made 'a 
remarkable recovery to gain a 
place in fee squad. 

His example abroad has 

Laudrup: jewel of Denmark 

been followed most excitingly 
by Preben Elkjaer and Mi- 
chael Laudrup, respectively 
the prized jewels of Verona 
and Juventus. Together they 
make a priceless pain the 
incomparable mixture of 
Elkjaer’s strength and skill 
wife the pace and poise of 
Laudrup. Against Northern 
Ireland Last month Laudrup 
played a more withdrawn role 
and there is a suggestion feat 
Piomek may adopt this in 
Mexico wife fee versatile 
Tommy Beiggreen, of Pisa, 
pushed into attack 
If Denmark’s free-flowing 
“contra” system, which re- 
quires great effort on the part 
of the midfield five, is unsuil- 

ed to the weather conditions, 
they also have the players who* 
can “hit” forwards from a 
distance. Jan Moiby, a natu- 
ralized Liverpudlian, and 
Monen Olsen, Denmark’s 
most capped player and fee 
Team's sweeper, are two of fee 
best strikere of a ball in fee 

Such praise flows as easily 
as their contra system. Soren 
Lefey, of Bayern Munich, is ‘ 
another superbly accom- 
plished midfield player; Frank . 
Amesen has fee controlled 
running ability’ of fee Dutch- 
man. Frans Thijssen; and 
Jesper Olsen possesses an 
impish quality that may be 
better suited to this less re- __ 
stricied stage than the English " 
League. Similarly, his Man- ; 
Chester United colleague, 
Sivebaek, may find life rather ; 
less frenetic in fee Mexican 

It would indeed be a great 
pity if this Denmark side, like 
the Dutch before them, do not 
carry off one of the game’s 
major honours. For nine of 
them, age dictates that it will 
probably be their last opportu- 
nity. That sizeable number, 
suggests that it may also be 
Denmark's fast chance too. 
Those schools of excellence 
have now disappeared. Obscu- 
rity beckons once more. 

Cfive White 

Struggling to keep up the challenge 

If any European side have the 
pedigree to challenge the 
South Americans on their own 
•soil it ought to be West 
Germany. Since they were 
readmitted to fee World Cup 
competition in 1954 they have 
displayed a level of consisten- 
cy unmatched by any other 
country. In fee eight competi- 
tions since then they have 
never failed to progress be- 
yond fee first round and have 
contested four finals, winning 

On top of this they have 
twice finished European 
champions during that period 
and been runners up once. 
Even when they have ap- 
proached championships in a 
questionable condition they 
have recovered to give a good 
account of themselves. In both 
their victorious World Cups 
they went into fee tournament 
in an unsettled state but 
confident that everything 
would be all right on the night 
There has been a suggestion 
more recently, however, that 
this knack for spontaneous 
achievement has begun to 
desert them. In fee test Euro- 
pean championship in France 
they never established a 
rhythm yet still seemed to be 
heading for. fee semi-final 
round when Spain caught 
them unay-res. 


World Cite Antes record: 

(as Germany) 


1934: SamMftiafc 
Czechoslovakia 3, Germany 1 
1 93& Out in first round 
(as West Germany) 

1958: Sami -final: Sweden 
3, West Germany 1 
1962: Quarter- finafc 
Yugoslavia 1, West 
Germany 0 

1968: Final: England 4, 

West Germany 2 
197ft Sami-final: Italy 4* 

West Germany 3 


1978: Out In second round 
1982: Final: Italy 3, West 
Germany 1 


Franz Beckenbauer 

Herald Schumacher (1). 
Hans-Peter Briegei (2), 
Andreas Brehme (3), 

Karlheinz Forster (4). Matthias 
Herget (5), Norbert Eder (6). 
Pierre Littbarski (7). Lothar 
Matthaus (8), Rudolf Vdfier 

(9) , Felix-WoKgang Magath 

(10) . Kari-Heinz 
Rummenigge (11), Ulrich Stein 
(12), Karl Ailgdwer (13). 
Thomas Bertoold (14), Klaus 
Augenthaler (15), Olaf Thon 

i. Dietmar Jakobs (17). Uws 
hn (18). Klaus Allots (19), 
Dieter Hoeness (20), Wolfgang 
Rofff (21), Eifce frrimel (22). 

In an unprecedented run of 
failure last season they went 
six games without winning, 
though it should be added that 
four of them were away from 

This prompted severe criti- 
cism of fee peerless Franz 
Beckenbauer, appointed 
“teamdieF in J984. for his 
excessive experimentation. 
But typically Beckenbauer and 
his men bounced back with 

victories against Italy, the 
Part of fee need for the 

world champions, and Brazil. 

tactical juggling dates back to 
fee retirement of fee “Kaiser” 
himself Having defined the 
role of libero " all those years 
ago, he now finds that it was 
made to measure for just him. 
Sixteen “Liberos” have since 
been tested .and discarded 
It is one position which 
Beckenbauer cannot allow to 
resolve itself in Mexico. He 
must deride between fee one- 
eyed Hannes. back in favour 
after three and a half years 
absence, and Herget. the Bra- 
zilian-style free kick specialist. 

Rommenigge: to be feared 

Even after this riddle is 
solved. Beckenbauer has still 
to find himself a. mid-field 
general, not an appointment 
to be made casually, Magath is 
the leading candidate. At 32 
his sharpest days are behind 
him but paw in this area will 
not be a decisive foctor in a 
Mexican summer. 

Beckenbauer is delighted to 
haverecovered Voller. whom 
he described as irreplaceable, 
from fee treatment room fol- 
lowing a protracted hernia 
problem. But having missed 
most of fee season one won- 
ders what condition Voller, 
one of Europe's finest for- 
wards. can be in. forthcoming 

Four years . ago a similar aplenty, 
question mark hung over 

Voller's partner, 

Rummenigge, who is i^ain 
restricted by injury but claim- 
ing sufficiently good health. 
Not as quick as he was before 
Internationale made him 
West Germany's most expen- 
sive footballer at £2.5 million, 
he is still, at his fittest, a threat 
to be feared by any defence. 

The German celebrities are 
completed by BriegeL the 
movable force behind 
Verona's first Italian champi- 
onship in 82 years two seasons 
ago. Forster, fee immovable 
object at fee heart of defence 
and Schumacher, whose noto- 
riety following an unprovoked 
asault on a Frenchman in the 
European championship six 
years ago has justifiably over- 
shadowed his goalkeeping ex- 

But this is not a German 
side to be uttered in fee same 
breadth of those of Breiiner 
and Muller and Netzer. And 
as such they may have prob- 
lems in maintaining their 
record of first round successes. 

Beckenbauer, who as a play- 
er won almost every honour 
fee game (and his govern- 
ment) had to offer and usually 
more than once, may find 
managerial bouquets 

but brickbats 

Clive White 

a-. - 






lung — 
: was “ 

2ST- — 1 
divi- *“• 

>,740 — 
s — _ 

and- — 
510),*" ■ 

ex- " 

Gifted outsiders could steal the show A 




1986 . 

r und 


World Cup finals record: 
1950: Out In first round 
1954: Quarter-final: 

Uruguay 4, England 2 
1958: Out in first round 
1962: Quarter-final: Brazil 
3, England 1 

1956: FINAL: ENGLAND 4, 
1970: Quarter-final: West 
Germany 3, England 2 
1974, 1978- 

1982: Out in second round 


Bobby Robson 


Peter Shilton (1). Gary 
Stevens (2). Kenny Sansom (3), 
Glenn Hoddle (4), Alvin 
Martin (5). Terry Butcher (6). 
Bryan Robson (7). Ray 
Wilkins (8). Mark Hateley (9), 
Gary Lineker (10), Chris 
Waddle (1 1), Viv Anderson (12), 
Ctiris Woods Jl 3), Terry 
Fenwick (14), Gary Stevens 
(15). Peter Reid (16), Trevor 
Steven (17), Steve Hodge (18), 
John Barnes (19), Peter 
Beardsley (20), Kerry Dixon 
(21), Gary Bailey (22). 

England are the only Europe- 
an nation to qualify without 
being beaten. If the tourna- 
ment was being held outside 
South America, they would be 
regarded as one of the 
favourites. They are still con- 
sidered to be one of the 
strongest contenders and. as 
Bobby Robson says. “No one 
will fancy meeting us”. 

The main problem is posed 
by the conditions — particular- 
ly in Monterrey, the northern 
industrial city where they will 
play their first round matches. 
Robson has called it “the 
rough diamond in a collection 
of gems”, and he caused a 
diplomatic stir last December 
by pronouncing that “it would 
be almost impossible for a 
team based there to win the 
World Cup - *. 

Now he is aiming to prove 
himself wrong in a place that 
is known as "the hell of 
Mexico". The temperature is 
10 degrees hotter and the 
attitude is 5.000 feet lower 
than at any of the other venues 
and England, if they are 
successful, will stay there until 
they reach the semi-final. The 
other concern is the fitness of 
Bryan Robson, the captain 
and leading goal-scorer. Al- 
though he broke a leg three 
times within 1 5 months when 
he was at West Bromwich 
last season was his worst for 

Mark Hateley (right): the powerful centre-forward's two goals led England to victory in the warm-up match against Mexico 

injuries. They included ham- 
string. calf and Achilles ten- 
don strains and a twice 
dislocated shoulder. 

Bryan Robson is feared 
particularly for the timing of 
his runs into the penalty area. 
Few markers can stay with 
him over five or 10 yards and 
he is so ruthlessly determined 
that, even if they do. he is 
invariably first to the ball. If 
he is less than fully fit, 
England's chances will be 
similarly diminished, for he 
alone has the ability to irans- ' 
form a good side into a great 

Potentially, the team is not 
far short of claiming that 
distinction. Shilton, for in- 
stance. is without doubt the 
best goalkeeper in the world, 
Hoddle has few rivals for 

control and passing technique, 
Wilkins is one of the most 
intelligent of midfield creators 
and Butcher is a geninnefy 
solid central defender. Add to 
those ingredients the experi- 
ence of Sansom. the speed of 
Lineker and the power of 
Hateley, and it is no wonder 
that England are currently 
held in high esteem. 

After such an encouraging 
build-up. nd team will have a 
stronger spiriL Since losing to 
Mexico last June, at the end of 
a tour that was a physical 
experiment rather than a prac- 
tical lest. England have been 
undefeated, winning nine of 
their matches, including the 
last seven in a row, and 
drawing the other two. 

Beardsley, Hodge and Ste- 
vens. of Tottenham Hotspur. 

are the last pieces in a jigsaw 
that Bobby Robson started to 
assemble in October 1984. 
After crushing Finland 5-0 
and humiliating Turkey 8-0 in 
Istanbul in their first two 
qualifying ties, the side grew in 
stature, confidence and stabil- 
ity. An unexpected victory in 
the Soviet Union in March 
and another against Mexico 
earlier this month confirmed 
their progress. 

If there is another misgiving 
— apart from the burning heat 
and the thin air — concerning 
England's fate, it centres on 
the fallibility of the right back. 
Stevens, of Everton, has been 
worryingly inconsistent of late 
and Anderson, his deputy, is 
defensively flawed. Otherwise 
the side is settled and 

England should go through 
to the second round from a 
group that contains two old 
adversaries. Portugal, their 
opening opponents on June 3, 
were their victims in the semi- 
final of 1966, and Poland 
eliminated them from their 
1974 tournament by drawing 
at Wembley. All three should 
leave Morocco behind. . 

The demands of the domes- 
tic League programme ensure 
that England will have endur- 
ance, stamina and physical 
strength on their side. In the 
later knock-out stages, keeping 
possession and taking oppor- 
tunities will become crucial. If 
Robson's side adapt to the 
conditions, they could indeed, 
as the jargon has it, “go all the 

Stuart Jones 

Peter Shflton 
(Southampton, 77 caps, 
goalkeeper, aged 36) 
Highest paid player ih 
England. Trained by Gordon 
Banks to become his 
successor as the best 
1 keeper in the world. 

\ maintained his agility 


session in Colorado 

Gary Stevens 
(Everton, 6 caps, right 
back, aged 23) 

Has proved England s 
finest athlete at attitude. 
Comes from the same 
Barrow stable as Emlyn 
Hughes. Recovering from 
the effects of injury and a 
domestic upheaval which 
upset his concentration. 

Viv Anderson 
(ArsenaL 20 caps, right 

The first black player to 
represent England. Was known 
as "the extension" at his 
previous dub, Nottingham 
Forest, because of the 
length of his fanbs. Came back 
into favour when Duxbury 

■net hk limit. 


Gary Stevens 
(Tottenham Hotspur, ,5 
caps, defender, aged 24) 
Preferred to Watson, of 
Norwich City, after Wright, of 
Southampton, broke his 
teg. The most versatile 
member of squad who has 
played in seven different 
positions for dub. Has 
recovered from a year out after 
serious knee Injury. 

(AC Milan, 76 caps, 
midfield, aged 29) 

The most experienced 
outfield member of the squad. 
Appointed captain at 
Chelsea when only 18 and has 
led England at every level 
from the youths to the seniors. 
Regarded as the natural 
leader of team morale- 

Bryan Robson 
(Manchester United, 51 
caps, midfield, aged 29) 

The most expensive player 
in the country. Inspirational 
captain who was troubled 
' throughout the season by 
injury. Likes a beer but has 
helped to make England camp 

Terry Fenwick 
(Queens Park Rangers, 15 
caps, central defender, aged 

The hard man of the squad, 
at times unacceptably so. Was 
suspended twice last 
season. Considered the 
understudy in two 
defensive positions and as the 
midfield anchor. 

Terry Butcher 
(Ipswich Town, 36 caps, 
central defender, aged 27) 
One of the survivors from 
the squad four years ago in 
Spain and manager’s 
favourite "son". Looks certain 
to start next season with 
one of the leading domestic 
dubs after the relegation of 
Ipswich Town. 

Alvin Martel 
(West Ham United, 13 
caps, central defender, aged 

Missed the tournament in 
1982 because of injury 
Liverpudlian who led London's 
challenge to Merseyside's 
dominance last season. 

Kenny Sansom 
(Arsenal, 61 caps, left 
back, aged 271 
The owner of the longest 
unbroken run in the side. 
Despite relatively small 
size, considered to be 
England's finest left back 
since Ray WHson in the late 
1960s and has no rival In 

Glenn Hoddle 
(Tottenham Hotspur, 29 
caps, midfield, aged 28) 

Most gifted British 
footballer since George Best 
His talents have blossomed 
with consistency of selection. 
Potential match winner 
through the vision of his 
distribution and the 
accuracy of his finishing. 

Trevor Steven 
(Everton, 9 caps, midfield, 
aged 22) 

Youngest member of 
Everton quartet who will gam 
valuable experience for 
1 990 World Cup when he 
should be at his peak. 

Peter Reid 

(Everton, 3 caps, midfield, 
aged 29) 

Late developer after injury 
disrupted early career with 
Bolton Wanderers. 

Ferocious tackier. 

Gary Lineker 

(Everton, 11 caps, forward, 
aged 25) 

Voted by players and 
sports writers as footballer of 
the year after scoring 40 
goals last season. An all-round 
sportsman, ha was a junior 
county cricketer. The squad's 
fastest sprinter, he cost his 
dub £800,000 when he moved 
from Leicester City 

Mark Hateley 
(AC Milan, 16 caps, 
forward, aged 24) 

Regained his scoring touch 

in Colorado Springs and In Los 
Angeles after 1 1 months 
without an international goal. 
Like his father, Tony, rated 
one of the best headers in the 

Peter Beardsley 
(Newcastle United, 4 caps, 
forward, aged 2S) 

Now emerging from the 
shadows of Keegan and 
Waddle in the north-east 
this latecomer to the squad 
could yet change tactical 
formation of attack by 
becoming a third forward, 
replacing the winger. 

Chris Waddle 
(Tottenham Hotspur, 12 
caps, winger, aged 25) 

His international colleagues 
say that he can beat defenders 
more easily than anyone 
but >s sometimes confused 
after he has done so. 

Scored winner against Soviet 
Union in Tblisi in March. 

John Barnes 

(Watford, 25 caps, winger, 
aged 22) 

Destined always to be 
remembered for his golden 
goal in Brazil two years 
ago, but has since failed to 
fulfil expectations. The 
squad's youngest member, he 
has recently become 
Waddle's understudy 

Kerry Dixon 

(Chelsea, 4 caps, forward, 
aged 24) 

Has improved 
immeasurably since last 
summer s tour to Mexico, 
awesome in the air. 

Progress this season disrupted 
by sevens groin strain and 
now acts as Hateiey's spur. 

Steven Hodge 
(Aston Vina, 2 caps, 
midfield, aged 23) 

Chosen specifically as 
cover for Bryan Robson, and 
plays in similar style. Like 
Peters in 1966, has come into 
contention at the last 

Chris Woods 
(Norwich City, 2 caps, 
goalkeeper, aged 26) 

Made his name as teenager 
at Wembley for Nottingham 
Forest in League Cup final 
against Liverpool. Stayed at 
present club after 
relegation Has become the 
undisputed deputy to 

Gary BaSey 
(Manchester United, 2 
caps, goalkeeper, aged 27) 
Fitness was confirmed only 
24 hours before list of official 
party had to be submitted 
to FIFA. Not considered first 
choice at dub after a 
season full of injuries. 



World Cup finals record: 
1930, 1934 - 
1938: Out in first round 

1966. 1970- 
1974: Third-place match: 
Poland 1, Brazil 0 
1978: Out in second round 
1982: Semi-final: Italy 2, 
Poland 0 


Antoni Piechniczek 

Jozef Mlynarczyk (1). 
Kazimierz Przybys (2), 
Wiadyslaw Zmuda (3), 

Marek Ostrowski (4), Roman 
Wojcicki (5). Waldemar 
Matvsik (6), Ryszard 
Tarasiewicz (7), Jan Urban 
(8), Jan Karas (9). Stefan 
Majewski(lQ), Wlodzimierz 
Smolarek (11), Jacek 
Kazimierski (12). Ryszard 
Komomicki(13). Dariusz 
Kubicki (14). Andrzej 
Buncoi (15), Andrzei Paiasz 
(13). Andrzej Zgutczynski 
(17). Krzysztof Pawlak (18), 
Jozef Wandzik (IS), 

Zbigniew Bomek (20), Dariusz 
Dziekanowski (21). Jan 
Furtok (22). 

Until a dozen years ago, 
Poland's only game in the 
World Cup finals was staged 
in 1938. Then they lost 6-5 to 
Brazil. Yet on the strength of 
their recent record, they were 
seeded top in England's group 
but have reached their highest 
peaks (they finished third in 
1974 and in 1982) significant- 
ly in the tournaments that 
have been staged in Europe. 

They are known for their 
dour defence rather than their 
adventurous attack. The 
group that Antoni Piechniczek 
rakes to Monterrey is unlikely 
to change the old tradition, 
but it is a young squad. 
Without such familiar veter- 
ans as Lato and Szarmach. the 
average has dropped steeply lo 

The figure would be even 
lower bur for the inclusion of 
Zmuda. A sweeper of vast 
experience, he is about to join 
an elite list of placers who 
have appeared in four finals 
(the other eight are Pele and 
Santos, of Brazil. Seder and 
Schnellinger of West Germa- 
ny. Hernandez of Mexico, 
Kolcv of Bulgaria, Rocha of 
Uruguay and Rivera of Italy), 

Zmuda will celebrate his 
32nd birthday on June 6. five 
da\s before Poland complete 
their first round ties, by taking 
on Bobbv Robson's side. He is 
the lone member of the cur- 
rent squad who can recall the 
last meeting between the two 
nations 13 veers ago. The l-I 
draw at Wembley ended 

Zbigniew Boniek: Polish hopes are in the boots of a veteran 

England's hopes of competing 
in the 1974 World Cup. 

The main threat to the 
ambitions of England now will 
be carried in the boots of 
Boniek. He will renew ac- 
quaintances with Butcher. Ips- 
wich Town's central defender 
who played against him and 
his side. Widzew Lodz in a 
UEFA Cup tie. Butcher recalls 
that “even then you could tell 
that Boniek was going to be a 
top class striker.” 

Boniek. the first Pole to be 
allowed lo sign for a foreign 
club, built on his reputation 
with Juvemus in Italy, where 
his ammunition was supplied 
by a Frenchman. Platini. 
Bomek and Smolarek. though 
they are no longer as quick as 
they once were, will be expect- 
ing their fellow countryman. 
Dziekanowski. to take 
Platini's role in Mexico. 

Dziekanowski, who scored 
the only goal in Poland's 
recent victory over Maly, is 
rated not only as the best 
current pl2%er in his country 
but also a better pavspcci than 
Boniek. By the age of 23. he 
had twice set a new record for 
a domestic transfer fee. 

Under Piechniczek. Poland 
have won a mere 21 of 50 
internationals but they have a 
healthy habit of succeeding in 
the important games. They 
lost only one of their six 
qualifying lies, for example, 
and that was in Belgium. Yet 
they were held at home by 
Albania 2nd overall they 
scored only 10 goals. 

That meagre total was 
enough to lift them into the 
finals for the fourth successive 
time. The Belgians, who fin- 
ished level both on points and 
on goal difference, scored 
even fewer. Before going 
through, the Poles went to 
Mexico and were beaten 5-0 
by the hosts, who themselves 
Iosl 3-0 to England in Los 
Angeles a fortnight ago. 

Their later preparations 
opened at a health resort in the 
foothills of the mountains 
outside Wisla. continued dur- 
ing a visit to Italy to play 
against moderate local dub 
sides and dosed with a more, 
demanding tour of Corboba. 
There they played against 
Uruguay. Denmark and 

Their second lie against 
Portugal on June 7 will be 
particularly poignant for 
Mlynarczyk. their 3 2 -year-old. 
goalkeeper. He once wore the 
green jersey at Porto, the 
champions, who were 
knocked out of this season's 
European Cup by Barcelona. 

The Poles could be playing 
for more than their collective 
aim of reaching their third 
semi-final. Although they arc 
sure to be handsomely reward- 
ed (their squad received 
£25.000 a man for reaching 
the second round in Spain), 
they will be aware of the 
presence of numerous foreign 
scouts and of the financial 
riches that can be gained 

Stuart Jones 

Out of Africa, 
after England 

The potential perils 
of peaking too early 

t ' MOROCCO : 

World Cup finals record: 
1930. 1934, 1936. 1950, 
1970: Out in first round 

M ana gen 
Jose Farias 


Badou Zaki(l), B Abd 
Khalifa (2), Abdelmajid Lamris 
(3), Mustapha Biaz (4), 
Noureddine Bouyahyaoui (5), 
Abdelmajid Dolmy (6), 
Mustapha Haddaoui (7), Aziz 
Boudarbala (8), Merry 
Abdeikarim (9), Mohammed 
Timoumi (10), Merry 
Mustapha (11), Salahdine 
Hmied(12). Rhiati 
Abdetfettah (13), Ouaddani 
Lahcen (14), Haddaoui 
Mohamad Mouncif (15), 
Amanallah Azzedine (16), 
Abderrazak Khairi (17). Sahil 
Mohamed (18). Fade! Jilali 
(19). Abdellah Bidar (20), 
Abaelaziz Sleimani (21), 
Abdeffattah Mauddani (22). 

In Mexico 1 6 years ago, with 
their only previous trip to the 
finals, Morocco began a tradi- 
tion. subsequently maintained 
by Tunisia and Algeria, of 
North .African teams embar- 
rassing West Germany, lead- 
ing Beckenbauer’s side at half 
lime before finally succumb- 
ing 2-1 . 

This time though there is no 
West Germany in their group 
for them to tease, and whether 
they can make a similar 
impression on England this 
time is more questionable. 
Their trip to Belfast last 
month to play Northern Ire- 
land suggested that they area 
vulnerability to high crosses 
which, with Hateley or Dixon 
around, could be fatal. 

“1 can't see them beating 
England", said Irish manager 
Billy Bingham dismissively 
after the match in Belfast 

The Moroccans themselves 
believe that they are still some 
way behind their fellow quali- 
fiers. Algeria, but taking them 
for granted would undoubted- 
ly be a mistake. 

African football has pro- 
gressed noticeably since 
Morocco's previous appear- 
ance in the finals, and an 

Timoumi: Morocco's hero 

indication of their future was 
given by their youth team's 
performance in the Friendship 
tournament in Qatar earlier in 
the year, when they beat both 
the Brazilian and Italian youth 

Their seniors will not be 
expected to equal that 
achievement, but their display 
in the mud of a wet Belfast 
night is unlikely to prove a' 
reliable guide to their ability 
and hopes in Mexico, where 
the hard grounds and heat will 
he much more to their taste. 

To add to the unreliability 
of the evidence from Belfast, 
the team fielded then was 
largely experimental with sev- 
eral European-based profes- 
sionals who make up the core 
of the first choice squad 

Their return will make Mo- 
rocco a more formidible out- 
fit And possibly the most 
significant factor to be learned 
from Belfast was a positive 
one. Mohammed Timoumi, 
Africa's player of the year in 
1985. did enough to suggest 
that he is on the wav back to 
full fitness after a six-month 
layoff. Timoumi dubbed 
the “cannonball from the 
Casba", who has been linked 
with Real Madrid, 
Timoumi is a midfield play- 
er with good close control and 
splendid vision and, at least 
before his lay-off an impres- 
sive turn of pace. 

Now approaching his peak 
at 26. Timoumi will add an 
extra dimension to Morocco. 
He has solid assistance in 
midfield from Mustapha 
Haddaoui. a Swiss-based play- 
er with Lausanne, and Dolmy, 
and Lhe forward pair, the 
winger Bouderhala, another 
playing in Switzerland, and Le 
Havre's centre-forward, 
Abdelkerim Merry, rely heavi- 
ly on his service. 

Question marks, however, 
hang over the side's defensive 
capabilities on the world stage, 
an important consideration 
as. under their colourful Bra- 
zilian coach. Jose Faria. Mo- 
rocco have followed a policy 
of containment and counter 

It was successful in the 
qualifying rounds as they beat 
Siena Leone, Milawi. Egypt 
and Libya to reach Mexico, 
and in getting them to the 
semi final of the African Cup 
of Nations in March, where 
they were knocked out by the 
hosts and eventual winners 
Egypt in a controversial, heat- 
ed match. 

Faria's home-based critics 
fear that the strategy' may 
prove coumer-produciive in 
Monterrey. peter 


World Cup finals record: 
1930, 1934,1938, 1950, 
1966: Semi-final England 2, 
Portugal 1 

1970, 1974, 1978, 1982- 


Jose Torres 


Manuel Bento (1), Joao 
Pinto (2), Antonio Sousa (3), 
Jose Ribeiro (4), Alvaro 
Magaihaes (5), Carlos Manuel 
(6), Jaime Pacheco (7), 

Freds rico Rosa (S), Fernando 
Gomes (9), Paulo Futre (10), 
Fernando Bandeirinha (11), 
Jorge Martins (12), Antonio 
Morato(13), Jaime Magaihaes 
(14). Antonio Oliveira (15), 
Jose Antonio (16). Diamantino 
Miranda (17). Luis Sobrinho 
(18). Rui Agues (19). Augusto 
Inacio (20), Antonio Andre 
(21), Victor Dam as (22). 

Portugal's most glorious 
moment in the World Cup 
competition could already lie 
behind them. On the evening 
of October 16 last year, they 
stunned themselves as well as 
everybody else by becoming 
the first side to inflict a defeat 
on West Germany in a quali- 
fying tie. That they should do 
so on the foreign soil of 
Stuttgart made their achieve- 
ment even more remarkable. 

The German record had 
lasted for 32 years and 32 
games. The last visitors even 
to hold them had been Sweden 
as far back as 1964. The 
Portuguese required both 
points to stay out of the reach 
of Sweden and to reach the 
finals for the first time since 
1966. when they finished 

Jose Torres, a member of 
the side that was beaten in the 
semi-final by England 20 years 
ago. had been in charge for 
only 15 months and was 
himself surprised by the re- 
sult “i hope we don't get 
carried away by it" he said. 
“It is our national characteris- 
tic to go from sky high to rock 
bottom and back again in a 

His statement is confirmed 
by their unpredictability on 
the way to Mexico. They won 
in Sweden as well as in 
Germany, for example, but 
lost to both nations at home. 
In conceding 10 goals in their 
eight ties (including two by 
Malta also at home) they 
finished with the worst defen- 
sive record of all the finalists 
from Europe. 

Torres, once an ally of the 
legendary Eusebio, would al- 
most certainly have lost his 
job but for the historic victory 
in Stuttgart Yet his troubles 

Fernando Gomes: PortugHal will be counting on his accuracy 

have not ended. He has col- 
lected his best players from 
Portugal '5 dominant triumvi- 
rate of Benfica, Porto and 
Sporting Lisbon, clubs whose 
schedules were as heavy as 
usual this season. 

His build-up has, therefore, 
been fined uncomfortably 
around their committments 
and Torres has been without a 
dozen of his representatives 
from Porto and Benfica since 
the early spring. Even before 
they left. Portugal's practice 
matches at home ended disap- 
poinungly in a draw with 
Finland, a 2-0 win’ over Lux- 
embourg, and a 3-1 defeat' by 
East Germany. 

Torres, aware that Bobby 
Robson was sealed in the 
aud ience during the last of the 
three games, reacted by throw- 
ing a cloak of secrecy over his 
line-up and left out several of 
the regular members of his 

Fernandes, the captain of 
Sporting, was the League's 
leading scorer this season with 
30 goals. He was as sharp in 
his criticism of Torres and, in 
spite of several attempted 
peace talks, the gap between 
them remained a cavern and 
Fernandes has subsequently 
been excluded from the World 
Cup squad. 

Portugal are still armed with 
a formidable weapon in 
Gomes. Five times he has 
been Porto's most accurate 
marksman, and last year he 
was awarded Europe’s Golden 
Boot for bis total of 39 goals. 

Although he finished third 
after Fernandes this season, he 
claimed two in their dosing 4- 
2 victory over Covfiha, which 
lifted them above Benfica to 
the domestic title. 

Chalana, who stole Gomes’s 
thunder during Portugal's 
progress to the European 
championship semi-final two 
years ago. is ruled out by 
injury but his absence is 
balanced by the emergence of 
Futre. At Lhe age of 17 he 
became the youngest player ® 
ever to wear a Portuguese cap 
and now, at 20, he is rated as 
the most complete all-rounder 
in the side. 

Manuel, their midfield ar- 
chitect, has controlled his 
temper (three seasons ago he 
missed nine of Benfica's 
League games through suspen- 
sion) to earn the soubriquet of 
“the Portuguese Falcao” as 
well as immortal fame by 
scoring the winner in Stutt- 
gart. Attractive and dangerous 
as they are going forward, they 
are often muddled and fallible 
auhe back. 

.Bento, the captain of both 
His club and bis country, 
personifies their wild inconsis- 
tency. He can be' a brilliant 
goalkeeper. As Liverpudlians 
will remember from his dis- 
plays for Benfica in the Euro- 
pean Cup. he can also match 
Grobbelaar in his capacity for 
enlivening a game by commit- « 
ting elementary and costly “ 
errors. Now aged 37. he has 
been doing so for a decade. 

Stuart Jones 

w—Cmm—m III I! Ok. 

**_☆ fr ft- ☆ SU 




I''. i*J, *•*$. V," *?>* 

• a^* • 

Bobby Robson: how 
England found 
the road to Mexico 

For 14 yean Bobby Robson 
lived qmedy inside flke friend- 
ly, famil y atmosphere of Ips- 
wich Town, where. ft_ was 
considered a crisis only if the 
dab caterers ran out of dry 
white wine (Stuart Jones 
writes). When, in 1982, he 
stepped outside to take over 
from Ron Greenwood as the 
Fn pland manager , he admits 
that he was not fhily prepared 
for the bright glare of 


I had certain mis- 
givings about die 
fob Itwas so dif- 


ferent, being away 
..from, home- so.. 
I much, and after 


th&rodd reverse I 
had to take a lot _ 
of nationaHlak. At a chib, it is- 
a parochial matter. Nobody in 
Manchester minds if Leicester 
lose; nobody in Sheffield com- 
plains if Ipswich go down. ■ 
After England had been 
beaten by the Soviet Union at 
Wembley two years ago, I 
suddenly realized bow forceful 
the public's reaction can he. It 
is no joy, I can tell ypn, to lose 
in the national stadium and 
then to hear a section of the 
crowd chanting for your resig- 
nation when yon walk off. • 

I remember headlines say- 
ing ‘Go Home, Ron* (Green- 
wood) after his side had lost in 

Norway five years ago. No one 
deserves that sort of treat-, 
ment When you are in chai^ 
of England, you have to get 
results. Otherwise, the job just 
ain't worth it All those at- 
tacks, flat abuse, that con- 
demnation. It just ain’t worth 

The ferocity, the animosity 
of the criticism, amazed me. 
We were going on tour to . 
South America the following 
week and, if you remember, 
there were . 17 players who 
were unavailable for selection. - 
Some people suggested that I 
should cafl it off. We were 
apparently going to get stuffed 
and that would only make 
things worse. 

! was at my lowest ebb then. 
There were two other bad 
defeats before that. One was 
against Denmark at Wembley, 
which cost us a place in the 
. European championships. 

_ Some people called the Danes 
a bunch of bacon-shcers, 
which shows how much they 
know about the game. _ 

The first thing 1 did after Fd 

been appointed was to go over 
and see them- They tfayed 
.France and beat them 3-1 *- 
and France were at fiiU 
strength, apart 

knew ’hey were gOod,all nght, 
but wc still shouldn't haw lost 
and we wouldn't have if a fit 
Bryan Robson had been there. 

The other bad. defeat was 
against Wales nine months 
Err in Wrexham when we 
played ever so badly and lost 
H). We didn’t even get in a 

shot at goaL Not A&m 

there was no Robson, J^we 
were, without a lot of other 
players through injury, but u 
was a poor performance. 
Although I was miSSing 80 

m^ypla^ s (beforefoe^me 

against Brazil m Jaatt 

ro) I knew that whatever the 
outcome there and 
video and Santiago-i a wogd 
be a great experience for the 

fill in at the back and go 

goalless draw. That s not my 


•ramble. We had Otamberlam 

and Watson and Fenwick 
playing together at the back 
for the first time. And we won 
2-0. To beat Brazil for the first 
time ever in the Maracana 
must be just about the finest 
result in international football 

That gave me and the 
players confidence when I 
suppose we needed it most I 
had been through two tough 
years. Not bad years, but 
tough ones. The trouble is that 
we don't prepare property. 
The friendly games may not 
matter so much but wemeed to 
win the big ones, dotft-we? . # 

W ha t we achieved in Tblig 
two months ago, for example, 
was 'some feaL I was actually 
working with the players for 
the first time-on the morning 
of the match. We were without 
Robson yet again and we lost 
Hateley and Woodcock at the 
-last minute. To beat the Soviet 
Union 1-0 was some feat 

When it comes to the 
national team, the authorities 
and the dubs should give 
more. All my predecessors 
suffered from the problem and 
so will my successor. I have 
been accused of a lade of 
continuity, but no one knows 
more about continuity than I 
do. That was Ipswich’s main 

theme. We excelled at it. 

In my first two years I had 
to look at a wide selection 
anyway, and 1 experiment- 
ed — for instance, with Walsh 



: V ; V 

And sometimes, the best team wins 

1930: Uruguay 

The first World Cup bad both 
inevitable teething problems 
and ihc first examples of the 
rows that have bedevilled the 
tournament throughout its his- 
tory. . 

Awarded contenuously to 
Uruguay, it was sulkily boy- 
cotted by the four European 
contenders for that honour, 
while the British countries also 
kept a disdainful distance. 

The often chaotic organiza- 
tion and variable quality -the 
US reached the semi-finals — 
were overcome, however, by a 
magnificent final in which Uru- 
guav. winners of the 1924 and 
1928 Olympic • tournaments, 
beat Argentina, 4-2. 

1934: Italy 

Offended bv European refusals 
in 1930. Uruguay stayed az 
borne, die only bidders not to 
defend their trophy. 

Under their great manager 
Vittorio Pozzo, Italy were wor- 
thy winners, just beating Hugo 
MeisTs Austrians in the semi- 
final and coming from behind to 
defeat Czechoslovakia in the 

1938: France 

This time Argentina joined 
Uruguay in boycotting the 
event. The coming war had e ven 
more impact, with Austria al- 
ready swallowed up by Ger- 
many, and Spain riven by civil 

Italy retained the trophy, but 
just as significant were the 
performances of Brazil, in third 
place, and the finalists, Hun- 
gary. Two giants were emerging. 

•• i * * ; ; l l j. y‘ ^ ' ^ 

The big kick-off: & goal from Uruguay's 4-2 borne victory over Argentina in the first final 


The abuse 
— it ain’t 
worth it 

and Stein against France. 
Some outstanding dub players 
cannot make a transition to 
national level, and you have to 
find that out. But the injuries 
occured so thick and fast that 
it was difficult to maintain a 
settled side. 

You ran only do that when 
everybody is playing well, 
winning and staying fiL Also 
you have to take both the 
short and long view. As well as- 
working towards a particular 
result, you always have to lpok 
two vears ahead towards the; 
next "World Cup, or the next-. 
European championships. ; 

Shaping a side is for me hke 
looking at a painting. You 
look at it and say, I like 
Hoddle there, I like Lineker 
there. I like Butcher there and 
so on. There is a sense of 
creativity about it. You stand, 
back and you think what a 
lovely scene that is. That 
started to happen two years 

After the match agai^ 
Turkey in our second wona 
Cup qualifying tie. I had » 
good feeling that we would 
reach Mexicq-lcould never 
see us losing fo Clth f r £j 
Firm* or the Turks and I felt 
we were capable of taking, 
some points off Northern ■ 
Ireland. With two icamrto go 
through, 1 was confident even 
in November that we would 

makeiL • 

We would have to have 
collapsed completely. Besides, 

I knew by. then who the 
genuine internationals were 
ind I had no need to try any 
other players. Of the 22 here 
only Hodge has come through 
at ihe last hour. The rest nave 
been around for a year or 
more. so. we .have that 

Once you have found the 
players, you then design the 
system that suits them. If you 
haven't got somebody to nil a 
certain role, there's no point in 
playing that formation. You'd 
be heading for disaster. Yoa 
examine the individuals — the 
colours, if you like — and then 
you imagine the best picture 
that you can paint 
If neither Waddle nor 
Barnes can jink, beat full- 
backs and attack down the 
left-hand side, don't line op 
with a winger. You must have 
character as well. That is why 
last summer’s tour to Mexico 
was so valuable. I could watch 
the players, see “how " tfiey 
behaved — who got bored, 
who moaned. 

Take Wilkins, for example. 

I always thought that be was a 
good player, but obviously I 
didn’t know him well until I 
took over. In ihe first two 
years, when it was dicky, I left 
him out a couple of times 
when Mabbutt was in there, 
and he impressed me with his 

I decided at the start ofl 984 
that I would always have him 
in the side, provided he was 
on form, because he was so 
well liked and was such a good 
influence both on and off the 
pitch. He was one of the 
players I knew I could build 
foe side around. 

He has responded to that, 
and so has Hoddle. When 
players have that belief, that 
the manager genuinely rates 
them, they become more in- 
spired. I always trusted ip 
character at Ipswich. The 1981 
side that won the Uefa Cup, in 
particular, was in with a 
chance of winning on charac- 
ter alone before the start I’ve 
got the same qualities in this 


There are no cowards, ev- 
erybody .wants to give every- 
thing, they all want to compete 

for each other, they can cope 
with the big occasion and they 
are all blessed with great 
technical ability. We haven’t 
got a bad apple, a disruptive 
influence, and ! based my 
selection partly on that 
There are stars. Shilton is a 
star. Robson is a star, Wilkins 
is a star and that little Sansom 
is a star, but you don’t see any 
of them swanning around 
; saying ‘Look at me’. We have 
some very good, experienced 
players blended in with some 
talented youngsters. I think,, 
with our tremendous collec- 
tive spirit, that we could go all 
the way and win the World 

If 1 said that we couldnX it 
woitid put the team on the 
floor, disillusion the whole 
country and flatten 
everybody’s hopes, but I genu- 
inely fed ihat we have a great 
chance. Fm a realistic guy and. 
on a knock-out basis, all it 
needs is one mistake and 
that’s it.. You’re oul: - 
I do rate Uruguay. I was 
impressed with , them when 
\ they beat us in Montevideo 
twd yfiars ago and they didn’t 
- have all of theif best players. 
• They might be the best team in 
the tournament, but I think it 
will be close. 

There are perhaps lUcoun 
tries who are capable of win- 
ning it- Brazil bring the kids in 
from the beaches and always 
seem to come up with 
pfiedindividuals. Bu t I’ll tell 
you something: no 
one will . fancy 
coming up against 
England. And 
that’s not a bad 
feeling to go in 
with, is it? 

1950: Brazil 

An otherwise moderate tour- 
nament, with a pool system 
replacing a knock-out com- 
petition, was given its place in 
history by one result: USA 1 
England 0. 

The tournament had marked 
the end of British, or at least 
English, insularity, the four 
home countries joining Fife in 
1946. Germany. France, 
Czechoslovakia. Austria, Hun- 
gary, Russia and Argentina were 
missing, while Italy had been 
devastated by. the air crash that 
killed the entire Torino team. 
The path dear for South 

To universal surprise, how- 
ever, it was Uruguay rather than 
Brazil who benefited. The talent 
of Schiafitno and a stout defence 
thwarted the combined efforts 
of Jair. Zizinho and Ademir to 
defeat the hosts in the last pool 
match and claim the trophy. 

1954: Switzerland 

Hungary, the best team of that 
era, possibly of any era, were the 

hottest of favourites, their daz- 
zling drills seen in all their glory 
as they romped through their 
first round group, beating West 
Germany 8-3. Only Brazil and 
Uruguay' seemed to pose any 

Brazil's attempt came to grief 
in the quarter-finals when they 
preferred fighting to football in 
the notorious Battle of Bente. In 
the semi-final Uruguay matched 
the Hungarians for imagination 
and skill before finally succumb- 
ing in extra time. 

Disaster lay round the corner. 
With Puskas unfit, the victim of 
a harsh West German tackle in 
the group match, the powerful 
and resilient Germans came 
from behind to claim the 

1958: Sweden 

The happiest tournament, given 
hs tone by the jovous. explosive 
football of BrariL Perhaps, the 
Hungarian team scattered to the 
winds by the 1936 uprising and 
Uruguay and Argentina de- 
nuded by Italian dubs, the 
tournament lacked quality in 
depth. Instead it offered the 
romantic successes of Northern 
Ireland and Wales, both elimi- 
nated with honour in the quar- 

France, their flowing football 
orchestrated by Kopa and given 
thundering point by Fontaine, 
did even better, as did the hose. 
Both went down 5-2 to Brazil in 
the semi-final and final respec- 
tively as Garrincha. the subtle 
Didi and the 17-year-old Pele 
thrilled the world. 

1962: Chile 

Brazil returned to South Amer- 
ica to retain the cup, if with 
somewhat less elan than they 
had shown in winning it. 

The hand of fear was begin- 
ning to 8 ri p the 
game^ndcaution even flickered 
in the Brazilian soul as 4-2-4 was 
superseded by 4-3-3. Their 
virtuosity still shone through. 

not even the crippling of Pele 
after their second game causing 
more than a hiccup as 
Garrincha and Araarildo per- 
formed stupendously in his 
absence. In the end. with a stow 
but clever Czechoslovaldfl. con- 
trolled by the elegant Masopust, 
providing worthy opposition in 
the final, the positive virtues 

1966: England 

England were worthy winners, 
even if this time football could 
not be said to have emerged 
victorious from a tournament ui 
which ihe spread of systematic 
fouling was visibly increasing. 

The first victims were Brazil, 
their cause immediately under- 
mined by Pele's ill treatment at 
the hands of the wretched 
Bulgarians . Then Hungary, 
with probably the outstanding 
display of the competition, and 
Portugal defeated them. 

Hungary, however, were be- 
traved by inadequate goal- 
keeping; Italy’s total disarray 
was seen as North Korea, the 
first of the footballing Third 
World countries to make an 
impact, swept them aside to 
mocking laughter. The path was 
slowly being cleared for the 
hosts as the histone great pow- 
ers fell by the wayside. 

After an uneasy start, England 
overcame thegmed but cynical 
Argentinians in a bitter quarter- 
final; the pretty but - Eusebio 
apart — essentially lightweight 
Portuguese were despatched in 
the semi-final In a final against 
sterner foes, the resourceful 
West Germans, Geoff Hurst 
became the first [Mayer to score a 
hat-trick, his decisive second 
goal producing one of the cup’s 
great controversies. 

1970: Mexico 

Mexico was a contentious 
choice, and the error was com- 
pounded by the decision to 

begin matches at noon, evidence 

of television’s 

Yet in such inauspicious 
surroundings football flour- 
ished, Brazil carrying the stan- 
dard gloriously as fear and 
cynicism were vanquished. 

England played an enthralling 
group match against Brazil and 
an epic encounter with West 
Germany in the quarter-finals. 
The holders went out amid a 
flurry of important substitutions, 
leaving Beckenbauer. Seeler, 
Muller and company to lose an 
even more dramatic semi-final 
to Italy. 

Brazil, however, were su- 
preme, tearing apart Italy's cra- 
ven defensive approach, Pele 
recapturing bis youthful sparkle 
in his final appearance on the 
international stage- 

1974: W Germany 

Both a new concept — total 
football — and an old theme — 
ihe ultimate demise of the 
outstanding team —were 
embodied by the Netherlands. 
The most exciting and tactically 
adventurous European contend- 
ers since Hungary, the Dutch 
shared the fate of their prede- 
cessors of 20 years earlier. 

Two years earlier, in the 
European Nations Cup. the 
West Germans had reached 
great heights. their play bril- 
liantly orchestrated by Gunter 
Netzer. By 1974, though, some 
of the team's virtue had drained 
away. But with Beckenbauer at 
the height of his influence, they 
were still a considerable team. 

Brazil without Pele and 
mindful of their experience in 
1966, tried to meet Europe on 
physical European terms and 
failed without honour. Scotland, 
appearing for the first time since 
1958. contrived to be knocked 
out on goal difference without 
losing a match. 

The stage seemed set for the 
coronation of Cruyff Neeskens, 
Rep and the rest of the talented 
Dutch side. In spite of winning a 
penalty in the first minute, it 

was not to be. Once again. West 
Germany’s organization and 
morale saw them through. 

1978: Argentina 

Like several hosts before them, 
Argentina benefited from play- 
ing on their home terrain to win 
the tournament, but the sus- 
picion that they could not have 
won elsewhere was stronger 
than in previous cases. 

Under Cesar Mer.otti, 

Sadlv diminished by the loss 
of Cruyff and Van Hanegem. the 
uncertain fitness of Neeskens 
and the decline of Rep. the 
Dutch reached the final but gave 
few glimpses of the fine football 
that had characterized them is 

Under a new manager. Enzo 
Bcarzoi. Italy briefly looked the 
best team in the competition 
before running out of steam anc 
conviction. Brazil again be- 
uaved their traditions, prefer- 
ring running and commitment 
to attack. Scotland's World Cup 
story reached its nadir under the 
ineffable Ally McLeod. .West 
Germany were an unconvincing 
shadow of 1974. 

Argentina, with Passarelia, 
Ardiles, Kempes and Luque, 
had a pace and imagination that 
no other team could match, and 
although Holland's pertor- 
martce in a bitter final earned 
neutral sympathy, the better 
team undoubtedly won. 

1982: Spain 

Few competitions have so 
dramatically divided the critics 
as the last World Cup. Many 
returned home further disillu- 
sioned with the path the game 
was taking; others were uplifted 
by evidence of its rude health. 

Among the more depressing 
events were the squalid 
“arrangement" between Austria 
and West Germany in the 
opening group and 
Schumacher's horrific, un- 
punished assault on Batiiston ir. 
the semi -final yet much of the 
football was exhilarating. Brazil, 
with a midfield of Cerezo. 

Falcao. Socrates and Zico. re- 
turned gloriously to their great 
traditions until their defensive 
inadaquacies were glaringly ex- 
posed by Italy. 

That should have been the 
final and yet even after Brazil's . — 
untimely departure there was 
much to admire. Northern Ire- 
land wrote another romantic iting — 
chapter in their history, defeat- erest _ 
ing the hosts to reach the second t was 
stage. France took wing, with i 781 „ 
Platini, Giresse. Genghini and 
Tigana forming a midfield to EST- — 
challenge the Brazilians. : six 

3 -- - 

590 j * 

2 -. 

Above all. there was Italy. 


Afier a characteristically sterile k^P — 

start, they grew in stature as the 

tournament progressed. The*;™ 
preachings of Berzot had taken , — - 

effect with Rossi overshadow- l 'h I 

ing the petulant Maradona as “5? I 
the forward star of I 

tournament. Peter Ball CT .‘ —* 

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It there is anvtlmif; rurtl*r you wish w bn.™ ahnui ihe plan our 
lines arc open each weekday eveninf until & o doefc Expedited 
Staff wiB be happy io he!p. Ji»i caU us «i 

HORSHAM (0403) 59002 

The sooner the betrer The following illusTrarions show »> **-* - 1 J — . — — 

how a 36-year-old could start to build up a hefty pension y^ble income, your pension will be subject 

fund for his retirement. But it could still be £64^45 less l0 income rax. But if you decide you want to take a 

than if he’d starred at 34. •...*.«« 

Example for a man retiring at 65 and payings premium of 
£50 gross per month (only £35.50 after rax relief al 29°b).i" 




ui But if you decide you 

lump sum on retirement, currently this is paid ennrcly 
tax-free- (About one-third of your benefits can be taken 
in this way.) If you die before retirement, all your 
contributions are refunded free of income tax and capital 
gains tax. 


Please send me a free illustration of die pension benefits 
you can provide. I understand that there is oo obligation. 






: und 



Protected ftnfioD 

£ 294,836 

To rwwide a fan pension: M4£10 p*. or lump sum of £92323 
•plus a reduced pension of £27,503 p*. 


■ Projected Pnnkm 



To provide a full penakai: £34,9P7 p*. or tamp som of £72^06 
^aredneed penoon of £21,481 ps- 

Tbe final pension may seem high, but remember, if 
inflation continues at a steady 5% each yea; £43^19 
will be needed in 30 years’ time to provide the spending 
power of £10,000 today. Sensible pension planning has 
to tala inflation into account 


Yc>nr mn fiey is invested by Sun Alliance in a special fund 
IQ build up profits for you. Sun Alliance has a first-class 

rl ri-iir 


" n.5c* 

No, at 50 you can still build a sizeable fund. At any age 
younger than 65 (and still working) ii is well worth- 
• while joining the scheme. 

At the outset, you select a retirement age between 60 
and 70 a and even that’s flexible when you come to retire. 


faux* ayouenroLwesriS 
FREE, [fib iinracure. real 
ieaitwOrjanker Taller 
with calculator, pen and 


JDaic nf Birth. 

Name of Broker, -Agent frf anyX. 

The minim mo amooni you may in your pesnoa each raonih n 

CIO. The mammum im&tmcni is lTWuolywir canunKS." 

I S.Ipbptoinw«£- each month. ■ l.lllinmmr', 

| (U- C 30 , CW, # 0 . CIOO... rrany Olher Jmmini you wish indioau*. 


.eachyuariiamiaiisuJOpc ; 
j'tkfisn' JSsnoBtrficrj' 

| 3,1 rtueud to reorr at age 

i*i » ^i« j»nBltiaBPtMai«»liaeieilg tin-ltd KrotJan. 

Y jC»pi«diita)Ui»mhefa« oiler tlWe* 10 Sun Alttance,LDM Dept- 
pREEPOST, Konham. WeM Smut* RHU! WLV 'No JiLrmp nisdcd'. 



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. Mead Ufa (7) 

5 &S SSoSmSSSoSSa 1 "- 

I «8 QHWY DOYLE RfchaniB^ 0m uKoStal 

? » issSr^ 1 

I fS 

IQ -m. 

ii ®? gsgSgSBfflSSSl 

s sss^g^av^sssas 

Chepstow selections 

By Mandarin 

iO Majetta Crescent. 2.35 Cbeerie ChieC 3.10 
Rockmarun. 3.40 Summer Sky. 4.10 La Drvina. 
4.40 Gauh&r. 

CHAMPIONSHIP (£4.815: 3m 3f) (18) . 

1 0PP3 CfTY BOV Mrs J Mann 11-12-9—— __ 

3 -PW UR3ER (C-p)(BF] M WEaarertw 

4«tB CHEBBEC»»HBaida*1frtt^ T 
7 2-02 FIXED PRICE Grande Richards 12-12-0- , 

15 822 BUCKHORN R Buckler 7-1M R 

16 2-F MILTON BMW Armour 11-114 R 

13 __ SUXERB05 Mrs R Kany 6-T1-4 

19 4/F3- TOEGOED C Coyne 1011-4 _ 

20 WINE TALK Wrimax* 9-11-4 _ 

21 012- CULM VALLEY C Dowi 10-10-13 — buon 

22 0 DOVEPOOL WOOD JDlcmss 12-70-13 MrSCaraptan 
5-2 Cheerio Chief. 3-1 OOve Preaa. 4-1 Ursar.7-1 city Boy. 

8-1 Fixed Price. 10-1 Samrick Led. 12-1 Paddy's PerIL 

3.10 NEWICK HANDICAP (£2.411: 1m 2f) (14) 


A Bead 13 

G Price 

■ISCatbariH SMckMad(7] 3 

8 «u Smirshiieelj Stands 4M J Joans* d 

7 -004 RATP3PROe(B)MEdd«y4-M;Lb-.LW^o(7114 

8 1M TAR8 WLL(C-0)L NBideQ 

9 >003 PEAHDA Y (D) H nn«my 501., Jcswms 

10 492 WSSH MEDLEY OH Jones 44-1. _ DRWwPJM 

11 048-.QWrcouNniY{B)mFYwaer»'T-ii JWBbbisii 

12 BOO- DSPORT W Wrtitman 4-7-8 -NMnl 

14 -no H®OAl£JCosgraw 4-7-7 — 9 

15 -00B RKXOSTAR (FlSpBJ M Bradley 4-7-7— --7 

17 00-0 BUTTS BAT J GW ±7-7 TCRhtl 

18 004. HUB OfflLL Barrett 4-7-7 A Proud 1 

7-2 Swash RssL 4-1 wstti Mersey, 5-1 Peanday, 8-1 

Ttfa H^HOckmartn Start* Inland. >0-1 Kate's Pnde. 

3JI0 BADMINTON STAKES (2-Y-O RffifiS: £1 .461: 

m . . 

3-B) R Huron 811. 
SW (D)P We 8-11- 

1 MY I 


80 1 BABR7Y0K Jones 84- 


LUNUY SLE D Hantoy 8-8 

0 PMCPUNPKMJD4iarneB-fl~ 



, OMbnOJl 


N Aden 4 


A Pmutt 7 

8-11 Summer Sky. 84 My Isabel. 7-4 Edta are rms. 14-1 
Pink Pumpkin. 101 others. 

4.10 ST JOHN SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £804: 


2 304 

3 000 

4 -304 

5 00 

7 -000 

8 404 UKVWAGImM 

9 404 NENUCOJMBradfeyB 

10 040 

11 0000 
15-6 I 



Man 84. — 

KELLY UNDO B Stevens 80. 

8HARASAR (8) R Holder 84. 
SOMEWAY L Holt 88. 

P BtoeuMdC 

T QdenS 

— A PieodB 
. A Dicks (7)4 
M Adam 9 

_ OMna. 7-2 Sharasar, 4-1 Boxers Sbukee, 9-2 
8-1 Com man de r Meadeo. Nenuco, 14-1 others. 

4*40 SEVERN HANDICAP (£1.482: 7f) (22) 

4 040 LYWC WAY Bias 4-94 S Bertram (7) T1 

5 WOO- MACmilON Mrs B Waring 7-9-7 JWMaiR 

6 040 SANOBOURWi J Spearra 4-94 — 1 

7 003 CBM GfltL fC-01 HlSxJdhouse 5-9-2_ A Bond 20 

9 004 LEAP YEAR 0 J M South 54-13 RWembmS 

10 440 OUCIOUS MORES (BID H Jonas 54-13 0 warns (7) 

11 040 BJH3CN (C} LCottmf 84-12 fJotaut>>2 

12 400- F0MEMB1E LADY WWoUmti 44-11 -JMaBdaaB 

13 814 CLffSAU. nH j Seaton 44-11 p Bloomfield 22 

15 004 GAUHAR (D}M Btanslferd 5-910—. NAdamlS 

18 040 PAMELA FEANEVH Baaslay 444 JCreter(7)9 

18 -034 POCO LOCO A D8M5on44-1 R Teague 17] 16 

20 042 SANTBJJLPALfllSAltqL Coma* 57-13 N&rtd* 21 

21 440 KUSTA SPOOF JPornM 4-7-13 S Whiteten (7) 19 

22 004 SUE CLARE JMSradey 87-18- —7 

23 I MO AHOES VOSD <BJ Rltoklor 4-7-12 - 

24 jdao TURCY BOY R Ho«e 5-7-11 

25 0083 FABBMLE L Cottrsfl 8-7-11 . 

1 040 MXXMARTMfBni BEfttg 44-12— 
CAWIfiM ft WOodnse 4-M 

27 040 PE1T VELERQ S Dow 7-7-10 

28 DM) TOOTS NAP HAND WRWRtoms 57-10 

29 00 BRANK80MS TOWERS (CD)MEtfte^ 

.. A Proud 14 


3 -100 SB.VER . 

4 1010 STAR OF EELAM) 

.. 10LRMe(7)17 

30 030- MAUNDY GOT L Barratt 4-7-10 Z—T—tS 

154 Le OMna. 7-2 Sbarasar. 4-1 Bckbts Sbukee. 9-2 
Someway. 6-1 Commander Mea do n. Nanuco. 14-1 omacs. 


Going: good 

(£1 ,035: 2 m) (10 runners) 

2 TOO HALF SHAFT (USAJPHWASteptanson 5-71-11 RLamb 

3 0400 ^FBIALESBTffJlH Heninfl 8-11-7 MPcppor 



■ 51 CM DC Deeds (7) 

12RPFR COUNT M»S(a A Watson 7-104 DOM 

14 4/00 ROYAL TYCOON (M» A Brsbouna 

4O0QU UPPER TaiDLWMam 12-184 

$ 04-4 CAMP HRLLOakae 10-124- 

-POO MELODIC LAO (04) WLaraarsuel 1-124 TO 
20M SALKELD J Jemmeson 14-124 OH 


R Pantay 11-124 A Orkney ( 

mt WOOL SSKHANT (BJ R Park 18124. FCNmBsr( 
F UTTLE BUROON ffi) Miss J Snab 9-114 „ 0 1 

HP- SLANEY WNG R Ross 7-114 R1 

P/4- COME OH FLOWER P Sawney 10-1 1-4 

8106 111 

16 /B3- MLUAH THE RUST (U8A)n AW Jena 

11-104 REaOJme 

17 2440 EMPIRE SANDS BWtofewm 8104 GHsriw 

20 4064 BARMALYRA (DM Mean 8106. 

21 0/PF SAY PLEASE 0 Chapman 7-104- 
-94 Whoknowadtebowtor. 81 Half Shaft 11-2 WHam The 

first 81 Empire Sands. 7-1 Finds Sept 181 Bsmakya. 14-1 

Wetherby selections 

By Mandari n 

2.30 William The Fust. 3.0 Feray Foster. 330 
Whigme Geo. 4.0 Fjeftiotn. 4.30 Newlife Connec- 
1100.5.5 Freemason. 

3.0 BMW NOVICE CHASE (£2,282: 2m 4f 100yd) 


2 2121 FEK1Y FOSTER W A Stephenson 811-10, RLmb 

3 21 FF QOLO BEARER FWtator811-10 S Sherwood 

4 42111 JUBSYP1CX (BF) J LBflh 811-10 CQw* 

9 0301 LMNGHRE Mm MaSdson 7-114 RBmakav 

12 BMP SPARTAN NATIVE A W Jones 6-1 1-1 __ — _ 8 J O'Neil 
84 Foray Foster, 94 Gold Bearer. 7-2 LMng Fke. 81 
Jmmypick. 20-1 Spartan Natwe. 

3^0 WALTON HUNTER CHASE (Amateurs: £996: 
3m lOOyc^(tl) 

2 1-13 Wm&GEDtWUxiJSanaBnan 

74-187 N Tatty (4) 

3 431 YOUGHAL(C-mW A Stephenson 

18187 JGnMaPm 

54 Youghat 114 WMggto Gao. 7-1 Melodic Lad. T0-1 
Wool Merchant Come On Bower. 12-1 Canq> M.181 others. 
4J) HEADLEY HANOICA HURDLE (£2344: 2m) (9) 
i mo LAwmaocx 

6 0312 DENAVS „ . 

O-Is It EsnhBW 

7 1020 MALE CJ8EY (DJfHF) T Barron 810-1 1 — G Hmker (4) 

8 -131 MR DUCK piwWrartOn 7-189 SJOWoB 

10 338 3TRATHEARN fflWO) Jmrw fitoerald 5-188 M Dwyer 

12 0412 FHFDOM®)V»s*o^8iD4pm KTeetm 

13 2311 DOYSfflAN (D) M Bowkar 510-3 [5ex) C Grant 

14 1204 R NANCY anHWOwton 5196 S Taddeo (4) 

O Sherwood 5190. S Sherwood 
S Bowring 7-11-4(5ax) DShew 


, 81 Mr Quick. 51 Dnnau's Trow. 51 

fialdoin. 9?°R^^cy? 181 Lanhydrock, 12-1 Aecerenoor. 

3m 100yd) (6) 

1 0033 OBSERVE 

2 0301 NEWUrei 

7-114 RlaeD 

5 0900 WHY FORGET W A Stephenson 18187 COM 

8 O0SP RUPERTMO EH Owen Jim 11-19-2 S Yoddew(4) 

EfflFlFTWMar 1811-10 S! 

: COWKCnON (Q W A Stephenson 

10 P012 HAZY SLENBFJT A Semes 8196- 

12 2229 STAR GAZETTE JDRoOertS 18190 H Earratew 

ll-SNawfle ComwcBon. 2-1 Obaane, 81 RupertnaWhy 
Forget 81 Hazy Gten, 12-1 Star Gazette. 


2 3141 FREEMASON (mo Sherwood 511-10 — S Sherwood 


511-3 RGankyP) 


1810 RLamb 

13 0 M Arison 81810. 

14 paPF CURRAQW W A Stephenson 81810 

15 POOD DANCE ON WATER W A Stepherwon 

81810 DCendel(4) 

A W Jones 57810 — IBee D Jones 

G Martin 

0 PONDEROMT A G Knowles 81810. Mr S WUafcer (7) 

24 SOU BATEASEW Wharton 5185. SJVNeM 

25PPDD- CAP THATm JBTumor5196-; JhSS-Wf»m 

•.26 F ELLEGANT MODEL BEWNdnson 5104. GHeiker (4) 

28 P RAGBIG IBVHI R Layland 8195 REsnWww 

44 Ftnemason. 54 Record Harvest 14-1 Cap That 281 

10 0000 MtSIER KILOS) AW Jones 5781 
17 -FOP NO CGRTIFJCaTE. J Norton 7-1810. 

13 0820 EWBIOR NAPOLEON 03} J E Forte 


Qoing; good 

(Amateurs: £1.138: 2m 60yd) (13 runnsrs) 

1 TUFIED LOCKS B R CarnWdga 512-8 Jf 


3 DIM BQNFSCjBlI&U) P R He^er 9Tt-13>. T 



A J Pin 51 14 AKeBewwyl 

12 POO- COUNAY BOY V Young 1gJ9;1jL- r -A 

14 4800 RATAMORQ AHA Mte P PBa 11-4 811MW 

15 000 VAGABOND VICTOR (80) PBAftjgm^ 

20 PPPO SWST ROSA R Carter *-104 SWoodei 

« 400 STEADY qw^ jj&^ 8104 — 

100-30 UnfieM Lady. 7-2 Bonfire, a -i Spark ler SpM t isa 
Gate Boy- B-1 Double Swing, 181 Fato Morgen. T4-1 others. 

Fakenham selections 

, By Mandarin 

2.15 Lingfiekl Lady. 2.50 W Six Times. 3J5 Rix 
Woodcock 4.0 Barstick. 4.35 Wise GamboL 5.10 
Am ball. 

£1.620: 2m 5fHQydK6) 

1 i2iu 

2 3130 TAR WIGHT @ M Stttner9124- r J SUe w el g CT 

3 1313 W SOC TIMES (801WT Itanp 8185 BW nreWto ge 

4 -OPP B JAHOft M Dnustar 7-182 J 

9 P443 MASTCTTfeK^DT Thom 1811- 10- S 
11 01*- STACCATO OV-Jones 1511-10 OWregh 

5-2 W Six Timee. 91 Prtnce Cortton. 51 Ter Kright 91 

Master Tercel 91 SWxatto. 181 B Je toL UIIimi c 

(Amatoira£1,640: 2m 80yd) (7) 

2 0041 MASTWVWCEMHTtmmkira iMwsJ ^ w 

3 7442 BWNWM^caiii 

fi 0300 THE EKD S L ° PI 

7 0000 Tt*N0a.(IISAl8RC-^ i ^ HMB| ^ 

X2 OP-O BOURGEOIS BKWWs 11-180 MItomy(7) 

. MOPPS H0UN8TQUT (B) G R Presl 5190 TEdende 

2A Rtx Woodcock. 11-4 Master Vince. 82 The Enkt 

£1,651: 3m) (8) 

' 1 fl-1 BARSnCXJM Turner 9138 DTteaar 

3 -32P QOLOQi CASNO M Barthorpe 8181 - SWrwnM 

5 351 MR IELL0RS Ms A VSar 13-181 SCowel(7) 

7.2T-4 SWARM (C-D> J U Timer 512- J — 

9 PI-4 aUMWwaciMreV Shaw 8114 AWetehm 

10 F-3P POUR P06TB1 R LOBnwm 18114 — SBritordm 

11 «FP RAPBIfMCHBTCmwford15114 — BCrewtortm 

131/M SALDATORE (C-D) B Byfcmf 8114 — H 
' 154 Mr MeBora. 52 Barsbck. 4-1 Swann. 11-2 Golden 
Carina 181 Saktatora. 14-1 others. 

(Amateurs: £1,266: 2m 51 110yd) (13) 

2 00 n SWFTCUBIEimR Mam 18180 RMam 

3 0P8 AR1ANO (FR) J M Ttenar 8124 S Andrew* 

4 BORDER KELLY R J Case 6-12-0 A Cnee 

9 /34 MGH POPPA TTarratt 7-124 MreHVaraettw 

10 OOPO RRAKUSTBPabw 18124 Ike T Primer 

11 P4P KULA Mrs C Termer 9-12-0 IkeP &ryari 

12 320B UARTWEAU (HI Vks A VBar 7-124 SCoMfl 

130084 MESMERIST A C L-Smlth 13-12-0 — ALee4tett 
U MO MUSSEL BB> H B Hodge 9-124 — MteeJHndneW 
15 084 OWEN3VILLEJM Tamer 7-150 D Tomer 

19 3 ME GAMBOLS J Steam 7-124 

20 WnCHffll ffl) CO Denson 18199 
23 THAT WnlDOMDTrurier 7-11 

11-4 Wise Gambol 91 Martnoau, 7-2 Swtft Currant 91 
High Poppa. 13-2 OwensvHQ. 12-1 others. 

£685: 2m 80yd) (14) 

1 3300 HODAXA (HOB R Carabkjoe 9151 _ J Camtadge (4) 

2 filOII BARBICAN AiH£ R CUHfe 5114 — 


4 0 CARIBBEAN SUN Mrs B Brunt 8114 RBnmtm 

5 Iteo MCK-C BEAR (BF)MJHInchfiffe 8114 S A teke w eW 

6 <09 LAWN3WOOD AV&WB1J E Forte 5J14 A Forte (7) 

B * *^^ 6G ^1,4«te.ZDm*teonm 

s as saskiBVJ isaatf w 

7-11-3 C Sap 

13 0 HALF TOY WT Kemp 81 1-3 DBam 

14 POOO LSMARSHJJ Seaton 9114 T 

> S Steam 0 

160080 OUTWOQO LASS WPK Write . 


19 040 CORAL HARBOWWG PrtttHnWcr^ g 

94 AmhaB. 10830 Coral IftrtxJur. 82 fck Carectecue. 


Going: firm 

230 MAD LEY NOVICE HURDLE (£958: 2m) (15 

,1 fig S£SSQ&S25ii & — 

330 EATON BISHOP NOV CHASE (£1 ,638: 2m) (9) 



B B022 SKYLANOra,- 
10 -POP JAXAROOEB Fame 181 

Mrs M RM91M — J ftT» 

“FT Yfimer 7-12-2.. P SoMtenem 

Wriwyn 7-11-10 K Mooney 



11 till ORYX MAJOR D BorcheS 511-4 

13 D04P THE COBALT UNtT Mte A KteftTriM ■ — 

14 p<"n CANTAB&E Lady S Brooka 7-1813- — -G Bane J 

15 ^ CR5SP ANDKKHK BWNte 91813. “ ^ 


S H^HB^M£PW^18tO 

I OT MllSi 


I A ^^ T £V^5«srr 

s BBi i aaasB!Bii b&=j 
I F SSSgS?a“Sr- 

WKtew m 10 mr PATWATXW M Cestril 81813. 

7-4 Mriva Mai. 51 Broad BMm. 44 agfwNfi 


; “ 2 0020 AW0BMLS CUP FT Writer 


,54S ^SfSS^SS^o=. 




84 Bri Course, 92 Four Spor t. 11-2 ****/ M 

' Cre^j^8lHttTheHrigHs.15^olh9rs 

Hereford selections 

By Mandarin 

irrara* &«»» 

naug ht Oeapers. 

33 STOXE EDITH SELL HOLE (£742: 2m) (20) ^ 

. . 4 B*pp P Sewdamw 

5.01V V10UKC FANDAMW ^ UnS K “ ,lun, Mt _ 1 2WKwOGt (V 
12 0360 njO»WOHD0tP)J DDa ^ 11 j 7 i fc | 4 Ar*^tege0 

« w rr^*nni»4»«PHftjg£ms9114 


Evens AWnlrars Cup. 81 St Natan. 51 FBrite Farm. 

. 430 CUVE HUNTERS CHASE (Amateurs: £1.000: 
3m 10 (13) 

1 1841 HBUNQMN BOY R Haney 18180.- ^ M 

2 IIH EEITHS0HflFKit^13-m T -_- TltaatoBJaMB 

3 FPPP TEH CHSBBES Mn M »lW 11-154 — - AM 

4 ISP- THE CLEAVER P Bowen 18180---—— P Jtothtes 

- 7 03/3 BALLVEAMON Mis B Gcxdon 12-124 . rites A 

i x 

U %£ SSS&Sl&J^'fSS 

15 843 vnOBmBK M# s axjwn^ 1 W10 SBreo^nrw 

17 <04/ GLEN WISE RBamw>l8l1-fi NssJoacSM 

52 HSnfldon Boy, 51 Tan Cherries. 91 BeBywrt. 

53 CAREY HANDICAP HURDLE (£1351: 2m 4f) 


1 0104 MWretPffTI 

2 0010 SUEVEf 

r -H*10 Mn H Hsndri 0 


yl •• § P-4 TWOtM JP mgw5^l|^-y- 

i- mg&Sfem 

_ . .mi an ewi v 

911-00 CMmtn 

I ss 

10-0400 MUICH W 8 MS".. .T_— 

12 0000 BAMOEUttO MCPft 81810——— P nturtimnrw 

13 4003 PfOCffiS HCCATC |C) P Davis 



. CEvan0 

•itee A RadcSne 

-ii am POBBOMS CHttCElo E E Bff 8|1 8 1 

18 4040 WOODLAND VIEW JD) P J Jon« 7-190 

13 B012 Mr ABUNGCT A 

20 (OS) . CONNAUSlTCuMCRS (B) C Vernon MBer 


OP MflETln M oem* ^ & _ 1 

26 2322 00 ANNA 00(B) TNBatoy 5190- 
7-2 Princess Hectte. *-i Mtear P8t 81 Bandafam. 


Culm Valley threat 
to Urser’s treble 

By Brian Beel 

Urscr returns to Chepsrow to- 
day to attempt a treble in ihc 
Gentlemen's Championship 
Hunter Chase, this year spon- 
sored by Land Rover. Carrying 
12» 91b his task is formidable 
even with Tim Thompson Jones 
riding on equal terms with 71b 

The conditions of this race 
allow a spread of about two 
stones maJcing it extremely 
competitive and, this year, 1 
believe it will be from the 
bottom weights that the winner 
will be found. 

Buckhorn should give a good 
account of himself but be is 
unlikely to be good enough to 
heat Chris Down on Culm 
Valley. With Culm Port, his full 
brother, following up two 
hunter chase successes with a 

win in a handicap at Newton 
Abbot last Tuesday and with 
River Culm winning at the 
Dulverton point-to-point on 
Saturday, the stable is in top 

Culm Valley has won both 
his porat-io-poinis and has 

purposefully avoided picking up 
a penalty in an easy west 
Country hunter chase. With 
only lust ! 31b he will be difficult 
lo beat. 

The success of PhiUippa 
Bradberry's crash din to lose 
101b will have a marked bearing 
on the RMC final as. with half a 
dozen horses within a few 
pounds of each other, any 
overweight would tip the scales 
against Straits. 


Gota^: good to firm 

Draw, no s igni fic ant advantage 

2.15 SANDHILLS SELUNG STAKES (2-y-* £958: 50 (9 runner*) 

000 BO0THAM LAOS] LI 9yfcu}U Britain 811 J 

H WFTY QNFF (R Gnfflto) R vmttkar 811 -ifl 

m TreMAQLgfUraL s«*afi«A« i aarf 8 ti_ 

0 CHOICE MATCH (Mrs P Sftnr) JSVffison 88- 
0 FULTOtrs FLYE h(J firitotri l Vtetore 8-8j^H 
14 MIOM EYtmffiStofcriK Store 8B_,-M 
^^■nnMEjD) (C Lee) w F»t» b5Zj 
■■I (D)fUr» M Uortey)T Fartirs 8-d 
StHOtt (J Ross) L bsTXfirewn B-&J 

. J Lite* 3 


R Gam 2 

. — 5 



14 302334 

15 074 

17 102 PASHMMAOh 

18 000 PROCESS 

84 Mans Future, 9-4 Parimm. 51 N805My.8l Princess Singh. 181 Booream 

Lao. 12-1 Chocs Match. 181 others. 

C Dwyer 1 

. C Coatee (5) 9 

Redcar selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Mods Future. 2.45 Mohican. 3.15 Pubby. 3-45 Alben HalL 

4.15 Chicago Bid. 4.45 Our Horizon. 5.15 Uanarmon. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.45 Agathisi. 3.15 Barley BflL 3.45 Moel Fammau. 4.15 Chicago 
Bid. 5.15 Tbarita. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.15 Barley BilL 

2j 45 ‘RACE-A-ROUND’ YORKSHIRE HANDICAP (3-y-a £1,674: 1m 
6f 160 yd) (10) 

_ SPayM4 

j S Norton 3-5 JUmuS 

AQATOST (USA) (W Du Port B)G PntctonSGontan 97_ 
BETTER aeSiSE (USA) (UJanmyliBriring 96 


U 000-0 TEARS OF LAUGHTER (ti RawtnpAI C A BM 86 
322803 M0MCANteR4tffl CThornan8fcM 

i (B)(SandmoarTa 


— 9 

0832 LUCKY HUMBUG (tka PBvretQW Pans 81 — 
00800 ARCH 


84 WRyao3 


MFry 2 

9-4 Better Beware, 81 Mohfcen. 81 Britt, 81 Tears of Laughter. 7-1 Lucky 
Huntxig. 181 AgaMst 14-1 others. 

3.15 ZETLAND GOLD CUP HANDICAP (E12.042: 1m 21) (17) 

3 4384-01 QMET WOT (B AreUR R AroxBrong 4-99 ■ 

4 213802 CMCLET (D) (P GouteritiB] P Wtomm 4-97H 
■ 4210/00 BARRY SHS3NE (Mrs A Ferguson) 6 J Murray-Sraoh 583 

22-1117 BARLEY BUI (G Kator) L cira» 

120803 ACOHTUM (C) J Botltei 

130080 TRY TO STOP 1C (A WBonson) Dems SmSi 5-901 
803003 VINTAGE TOLL (Wntage Lriswa LMl S Nonon 881) 

803000 SHELLMAN (D SowerM K Stone 4-6-KLmHMRMI^B 
111801 BAU.YDLWDOW (N Jriter) R Hriwr 981 OBexl n 

318112 PUBBY (DXSF) [A MorrBan) J ToflBf 5-89J 
004008 SHJ.Y MY (N Bycrutt) N Bvcrolt 
020084 COMMANDER ROBERT (R Ooder) J Hanson 4 
181000 TtVMNm(UdyMMtheiw)IMa«iawa8849 
0813284 SOtORE O oS8e(B S hew) MHEastattw 480- 
OWl-1 FORWARD RALLY Bn (Lady Itocdonakt-BuchaM 



129811 MASKED BALL (Q(D)(PCekar]P Ckhwr 87-13- 
208234 MERH((H H Prince Yazia S«S) S Nartoa 3-7-7— 




100-30 Bertay BB. 81 Forward 
Bal, 81 Pu&by. 181 ChkM. 191 

23 424383 SEATYRN O Brown) S Norton 90 

27 034 SPUBtMGTWN (Lord Ronridshay) PCalwr90- 

29 THE CANNY MAN (D Knights) Denys SnOh 90_. 

>.91 Batydumter, 81 Quiet RIoL 7-1 Masked 
tun. 181 other*. 

3.45 BILLINGHAM MAIDEN STAKES (DN h 3-y-o: £3,022: 1m 2f) (13) 

2 0002-2 ALBBtr HALL (USAXBF) (R Sraolw) B HU s 90 RPnt4 

8 08 AL 8HAMKH (USA) (HamdanAI-Mridcun)HThonaon Jones 90_ R Mte 1 

« 4 HEUjO BENZ(T Boinatt} M H Euawhy 90 J Lows 7 

13 08 LAURE'S TROJAN (LJeoiSS)C A Bek 9-0 J Leach S 

16 03 MOQ. FAMMAU (Men UToCar)J Toler 90 RGuasHO 

19 2080 PAST OLORES (N Hrinmor) W Brey 90 CDwyar6 

20 K PEQMARME (USA) U Lamcte) M JanOS 90 W Ryan 2 

B croi May 13 

M Fly 12 


Preehard-Gordon 811 — GDriSridS 

11-8 Anen Hen, 92 Moat Fammau, 192 Soatryn. 81 Spmrang Turn. 91 Heuo 
Benz. 181 At Shamfth, 181 othare. 

4.15 SPRING BANK HOLIDAY HANDICAP (£2,662: 7f) (12) 

1 040280 HOPEFUL HEIGHTS (D)N J a«iwLJd|T Frirtiuat 4*-10_ MBaacrok 3 

2 BS2tM MAfflC BDfO) tSh»«i Mohammed) B HR* 4810 RRa1 ? 

4 800000 PARIS MATCH (J Bote) L Ughdaown 480 — — — -f 

s 084240 H8ROB«n PLUMBER (BR(»4riJRanaaan)T Barron 983 — RHBaO 

821000 THY SCORB1 (D KiSgiasJ Denys &nkh 4-89 LOwodc4 

000280 CHtCAQO MD (USA) (C Wacfcar ■) R Annttrong 988 V Snte» (S) 2 

300000 BfTOF A STAreWWfflJ (J WtttSjS Wtoa 0*7- 
201000 THE UAZALL (B) p Fright) Mm LSridril 984 — 

_ (OuPontM) 
a B Tianbul Ltd) E Weyroes 811 
I (Mrs L Criey) J E B wmgton 811 - 

GGasnay 11 

000030 TRADE HtGHjNarttumfana Leteure Ltd) i Vickers 
410038 ALWAYS MAT>VE (USAff) IP W Chapmen) O W ° 1> g ” £r ^ ^ 

8*0000 SB4GLE HAND 

R> nMre D GhM D W Chapmen 880. 
(E VlWneon) R MOear 87-7 ... — 

. JLewelO 

7-2 Haight*. 11-8 Always Native. 81 

84 Magic BkL 92 

Emergency Plumber. 12-1 Try Scorer. 14-1 

445 LANG&AUGH MAIDEN AUCTION STAKES (2-y-a £920: 51) ( 8 ) 
3 0 BEJAKT SKITE (M Mactan2ie) C Parfcar 8B DWcheOaS 








:(M Mackar 

J Vamonjw 

88 . 


BOTHY BALLAD (P CahwQ P Catrer 7 
WSS EBBLYfM Ha)D W Chapman 7- 





— 7 

M By 4 
R Frit 

J UreaB 

A Cankihaa (7) 2 

94 Our Horizon. 9-4 RhaMomancar. 91 JamasOvri. 81 MSty Runner, 181 Mss 
Bnlly, 181 others. 

5.15 BILLINGHAM MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-O: £3,008: 1m 2f) (12) 

0 ABADJBRO (Marwese da MorataM JfnwnyRmarttd 90 QOoOtU* 

0022 ASWMGTOH GROVEfS Wo^QTUxrHy-Sff«i90 WRywHl 

0 BIG LEAGUE rig PYon|Ea»i — — « 

003 LLAMAJ040N (H UcAUrwl B HS80O - R fi» 1 

00 MANW. p jcbai vf^^ai M _ B jSSSN 






Man. 181 

HOT A PROBLEM (D K/wfRs) Dsny* SttSh ! 

TAXI MAN Mh O Steely H Janes 00 

MWYJWrMns M BufieO W Baey 811 — 



0 VUUB8 (B Nonten) 

C Thornton 811. 

C Bnttain811 — 
M Camacho 811. 

AaMngton Grove. 100-30 Uanarmon. 92 Jurisprudence. 81 Tharitt. 81 Taxi 
1 Abaapro, 181 others. 

Saturday’s results 


1JG t. totett Pferiter{81}: 2. Gtotrina 
Promise (10830): 3, Taytotmade Boy (6-5 
tav). 6 ran. 

2J) 1 , Gridaamaid (1 81 ); Z Sparry 0-1 X 

;2.R«Sotxce- CartfTiel 
MFateon(8l): 3. Mater Wonderful (7-1). sni.Fdm 

4 lav); 3. Ida's De&ght 192. 9 ran. 

4.151. Hying Acs (811 tav): 2. Bronze 
Head (92); 3. Sutr&nCB |i 81X « r» t 
*AS 1. Mght Quest (91): 2. My 
Handsome Boy (S-4 lav): 3. Major Rouge 
(2-1 L 6 ran. 

Katwte92(av. 13 ran. NR: Rtegnbeau. 

34 1. Ora (11-2); Z Pawl Run (10830): 
3, (nde PiXaa (4-5 favi firan 
830 1. tonrtaimrih (4-1fc 2. The 
Dominican (7-4 lav); 3. ScnuyguOa (192). 
11 ran. 

4L0 1. Mate Reason (12-1* 2. Doubto 
Benz (92); 3. EIpkMne (7-1). Bold Rax 84 
fa*. 7 ran. 


2J> 1. Hare WO (198 lev); 2. Hte (181); 
3. On bnoutea pi-4). 9 ran. NR: Blua 
230 1 . 


. .. (4-5 tori; 2. 

ronsiclr Gipsy (391): 3, QjtBng 
(12-1L 21 ran. NR- Miami Say. 
i. GriRMd (8-1 £ 2. Regal Stei 

Steel (9 

2T. 3. Very Speoal (7-2 H-tavf Roatheme 
7-2 Nkv. 8 raa 

3J0 1. Ho H Chtah (81k 2. State's 
Wimpy (181): 3. George WSsnn (11-2). 
Boot Peitah 92 lav. 14 raa 
4J> 1. Holland Mead (4-9 Ink 2. 
FflrwH^ To Low (192): 3. Ai Kashir &-1). 
10 ran. 

4JD 1. Saatoaao (7-2); 2. AUe Maybob 

S ir. a Emerald Eagle (181). Nttkte A 
a 7-4 tor. 15 ran. 


2.T5 i. Ham 

2.1? 1. French TWBOfl (82); 2. Kw 
Edge (7-4 Fan); 1 Kamensky (581). 12 

"ais 1. Pine Hawk (ll-a 2. Jwr»a da 
Goomha (181k 3. Freamont Boy (91 fav); 

4, Ateaatima.17 ran. NR: Fdimiwte Lady. 

i&Toa FUgueur (6-1): a Super Trfe 
(181fc 3. GoSitn Bam (81) Tom 
ftartaw 2-1 tor. 13 ran. 

3.45 1. Nation’* Gong (91): 2. Rraral 

Rabble (11-8 lav); 3, Tafiyspti Foey (12- 

1J. 10 raa _ 

4,15 1. Booatoeryte (11-0V 2, Anofia (7- 

1): 3. Husnan i9fi tav) 3 ran. 

4.45 1. Ha Non (181) 2, Convinced 
NR Mateioi RoyMa. 


2.15 1. S tojaato (i»- 
knaga (198 tor* 3. Taw J 
2M T.a wXM 10 0 17-1 

Ttmv . 

NR: Ram The Thor. Gopeur 


345 1. Shag Soeg (8TJ; 2, Ftektom (8- 

}; 2. Rartecf 
-1L B ran. 

tavk 2. Ftok 

1 , deariy Bat (44 lev); 2. Batman 
(12-1); 3, Tax Coda (M). 14 ran. 


S471. Wek'eFbty (4-11 tor): 2. Urihoc 
(1811; 3. GokttfBlion (281). 12 rwt. NR: 
The End. 

U01. Spend Easy (7-4 tor): 2. Paddy's 
Dream (9-4): 3. Snow Mattard (481). io 

™7j> 1. Gtereue (81 1 2. Talcaatenca (9 
U 1 Citadel Roc (66-1). Rousparer 7-2 
tor. 10 raa NR: KeangadOy. _ 

7 JO i. Maid of Moyode (9 2*2. Hut* 
-lb 3. BBC* Earl (33-1). The Royal 
' 2-1 fav. ii ran. NR: Kymyak 

Si) 1. Open The B« (5-2); 2, Ptpfll-2); 
3. Cracfle d Jazz (7-2). Man engage 2-1 
tav. 5 raa 

8J0 i.Otn Seamus (181); 2, Duka of 
Saraguay/IW);! S«l«Wfidar(3-1 jl-W). 
Hamngworth 81 jt-tav. 11 ran. 

S0 1. Lire In Hops [7-4 lav); 2. Busy 
Bftena (4-lb 3, Rymeramr (M-ij. 26 ran. 
NR- Bwcona. &05W5 Bast 


920 Handy Lad (7-2 fav): 2. GaBao (29 
IL'3, Qonaen King (291): 4, Ktoxi (291). 
17 ran. NR Branwyn. 

SJ0 1. Mbs Matea <96 fav); 2. 
GrunasBFm (91); 3. Manhattan Buy (18 
1). 9 rm. NR Tteo Up. IV Tata A Melody. 
Dream Once More. 

Mill (l0i?lWi Feraer | [8-1}. 

Spint 84 tor. 12 ran. 

790 1, Pmtds Fate (7-4 lav): 2, 
Gatamare (91k 3, American GW (181). 
11 ran. 

A20 1, Dance Tha Blues (9 Ik 2. BteS 
"■ ik 3, Sterarai (11-2). indan 85 

’adapt, fav. 9 raa 

80S 1. water GgaatThou &2 tark 2. 
Bawled (19^:3. RtMgo(i i-a 12 ran. 


Going: good to firm 

2.0 RAMSEY NOVICE HURDLE (£815: 2m 200yd) 
(19 runners} 

1 OF AFRICAN HAQcj L Herns 91812 JAHari 

5 000 HELL RAISER JG Thorpe 7-10-12 TWooaay(7) 

10 00 RICH BLUE OSnemoa 91812 MMdanb 

11 04P0 RIO BAY as Chnswn 91812 W Newton 

12 0( TBQER MERCHANT J R Writer 91012 DBrawne 

13 0CC0 TOWERMSSThomar 7-1812 RKaigtan 

\t 0POC WELSH CONSOTT N J Henderson 

81812 S SnWh Eec(M 

is F BANNVaRINP Hayward 9107 GwSb5m 

17 CHUJMAY 8 Chnstiai 9107 S Eerie (4) 

20 0 CTOOHAH STAR" CL«tt 0107 - 

23 4F3) FORTUNE FlMJ£RRWHartop4-f 87 PWanar 

25 4Q20 GLEMtORECAPTAM C Spares 4-107 - J MeLaestfa 

26 OPO UTTl£ DICKENS ELBeever 4-187 TpGmh 

27 IHSSBBOULPHG6Graeey12.107 — 

22 fV QIUUTr CASnHGS MrsjPrmsn 4-187 — 

2& If 00 ROCAMtADSaner 7-107 J Bartow 

30 QP-0 SLVERE1VRESS(B)P Hayward 9107 — 

33 TWICE FAW T M Jews 4-10-7 — 

96 4000 EYE FLASHES R Carter 4-«W — *Goastf7> 

3-1 Tnnher Merchant. 4-1 Gianmore Captain. &1 Fortune 
finder. 91 Rrn Bay. Welsh Consort. 101 others. 

Huntingdon selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Timber Merchant. 2-30 Parson’s Pride. 3.0 
Smooth Character. 3.30 Southern Prince. 4.0 
Duhaliow Boy. 4.30 Monza. 

(£738: 2m IDOyd) (13) 


11-11-7 Mtea&Brictwr (7) 

8 ora lass T ALU R w Hanop 7-11-3 J Bartow 

9 -U83 VALE CHALLENGE K A Morgan 12-11-2 — IS Ryan 0 

11 240F S0t LESTER J □ Thomas 181013 — ■ — CWarrenfT) 



11-1812 (Fto) Mr BDnMteg (7) 
mil-1010 P Warner 

14 0(P4 POSTOTNErmWG Mam 

15 00FF DOUBLE TURN A P Jarv6 9100 TJHvte 

16 BM2 BRAHMS AND LtSZTPButor 10185— MAhaara. . 

•3 PPOt BOYNE MLL R J Hodges 1810-5 SEarte(l) 

23 OtoP MR MISCHIEF C P Wwman 9185 DBrewne 

26 KMF NERO WOLF R T JUDias 9-1D8 - 

27 0PM JMJA THYME T M Janes 010-5. 

28 800 WB-TON BEACON JL Hairs 18106 J A Kami 

11-4 Parson s Pnde. 7-2 Brahms And L1SZL 91 Vito 
Challenge. 8-1 Nero Won. 101 PostOyne. 12-1 ethers. 


3 43F0 BROKEN WHIG NjHendarson 811-7 S Smttb Ecdes 

6 0010 SMOOTH CHARACTER fB)GGGr«»y 7-11-7 — 

7 fttl WR.TSI0RE YEOMAN P Hayward . 

81011 (Set) S Eerie (4) 

8 0013 PRICE OF PEACE CJ Beil 81810 (Sex) — 

9 0002 ATKINS (B) G P Ennonr 910-9 — . DBttMie 

11 2212 CATAN2M0 (USAX&) J Francome m 

1 4-189 (5exjHG»e«i{7| 

13 AMP TAVARGOS L woningram 0186 J ■»*» 

U 30DF BUCK StCEPIMOuageon 9185 — MWchante 

21 0000 BaWNKWGJG7IWWi7-«M> TWoolinm 

22 2030 SOLITAIRE P Butter 8109. ** "Kara (7) 

7-2 WntsNre Yeoman. *-i Price Of Peace. 92 Catonzao. 

81 Atkins, 181 Tauargos. Smooth Character. 12-1 Others 

(Amateurs: £954: 3m 100yd) (11) 

1 9F1 SOUTHERN PRINCE HBHoaoe 7-134- MteeJHo^ 

2 WP- SANK LAW FT Richards 1012-Q ATuttanm 

3 P/F- BATTB BAY T W Edmonds 7-12-0 B Crawhxd (7) 

4 P-PP CHANCE C AMOUR T E Dtm 1012*0-. — 

5 ISVELOPEfrS RUN Lym VMscn 7-12-0 jWrathaI(«) 

7 0F3 PfBNCE LEONARDO Mrs PTeBfly 0190. DBok«(7) 

9 SOU TOMMY'S TREASWE Mrs R WSSarns 912-0 — 

10 0 WAGES OF SIN J G Thorpe 7-100 K Green 37) 


1M1-9 KbaEU^tont (7) 

12 P|80 ARAGEN C A Wefc 1011-9 MW*fe(7) 

13 THE UTTLE BAG Mrs ECocxtum 7-1 V9 B Coekbwn (7) 
4-11 Southern Pnnca. 4-1 Prince Leonardo. 81 

Developer s Run. 14-1 Apple Crumple. 181 others. 

44 MILTON NOVICE CHASE (£916: 2 m 100yd) ( 6 ) 

1 FT 34 DWIALLOW BOY T Casey 812-3 E Buckle* (7) 

5 0000 GET GOING FRED Mrs NMaCauley 7-11-3- — 

5 24P4 GULAttG K A Morgan 6-11-3 K Rym (7) 

9 000 KEEP IT DARK G Roe 91 1-3 M Richards 

10 -OOP USTH) ARRIflA (B) K G WWgmw 11-11-3 RBritOur(7) 

11 OM0 GABLES FLIGHT CWttra 6-1012. U» S Belcher (7) 
4-8 DutnaDow Bay. 11-4 G-omww. 7-1 GaWes FhghL 101 

Get Gong. Keep It Dark. 14-1 Ucred Ambe. 

200 yd) ( 12 ) 

i 013 NADER (C-O) 5 Clvstan 

911-13176*1 A MathcBand (7) 

3 201 Bars FOLLY RJ Hodges 7-190 (7exl S Eerie (*) 

4 0400 MAUSTRAHO T CeS6y 9l 1-6 E Budriey (7) 


4-11-oSSmtei Ecde* 

8 0003 MONZA PDCufldtf 01 1-3 J* S Cowley 0 

in FOOd ALLADO A S Heaves 10188 C Warren m 

— |<ove 9-187 RBaUoar(7) 

_ P Warner 

_ RGuen(7) 

17 0H0 SABIT DU&ASSOFF J L Soeanng 7-181 — 

20 P000 JOSHMG |C)RC Sjfccer 8104 S Jokiwofl 

21 HB* INSPIRED (te K G Wngrove 9180 ... Hr B Dewhng (7) 
01 Nader. 4-1 State Diplomacy. 02 Monza. 91 Bek's 

FoBy. 01 Mahstranc. 101 others. 

10 rouu kllmiu « » Heaves in- iu-o 1- " 

11 0FP0 JULESUN(B) (C-D) KGWingtOve 0107 R8 

12 203P KARNATAK IB) JLSpearaig 7-105 — - 

13 0030 mOON MONARCH fl Carter 9104 _ R 


Going: good 

£1.075: 3m 21 110yd) (8 runners) 

1 014 KB.TONJM (C-D) P Tory 10198 A 

2 FPP- CAPTAM AMERICA Ikss L Ems 1812-7 AV 

3 OOOi COLONEL CURTIS J C Sts 7-12-7 Mbs L Notes . 

4 COPPSt DYNAMO JOyter 7- 12-7 APmira(7) 

6 0401 HANG LOOSE COUSM Alan Lucas 

012-7 Mra L Jewel (7) 


1012-7 T Grandma 

8 WHATS YOURS Mrs G GxkSngs 912-7— G Upton 

9 WHATYOUUKE S Rawhns 912-7— J Tr ice R dph 
9-4 Kteon Jan. 91 WhatyouWte, 4-1 Hang Loose Cousm. 9 

1 Copper Dynamo, 81 Runwx* Prospect, 14-1 others. 

Fontwell selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Kilton Jim. 2.30 While Rose. 3.0 Hoi bom 
Head. 3.30 Northern Halo. 4.0 Paddyboro. 4.30 
Master Bob. 

(£1.590: 2m Bf) (20) 

3 1000 BLUE DART JGrftoid 01 1-4 EMmphy(4) 

S P00O ALDfNGTDW MANOR P Hedger 911-0 JUreejoy 


11-1 1-0 MHerangm 

IQ 4040 DUST CONQUBtSt (mO Sherwood 5-1 1^1- C Cox (4) 

11 D JERRY'S WISH G Gracey 911-0 — 

12 -004 JONDtG Gracey 91 1-0 R Rowe 

13PFD0 LA CHAMP TALOT (FR) N MiKhel 1811-0 — 

14 SHPLEITS PRDE J Burtidge 911-0. 

17 0001 WHITE ROSE N Henderson 4* 11-0. 


19 4 CELTIC GERTRUDE P Cwdel 0188 


9 1P/0 MARK'S METHAJC (C-D) Mrs A Camp«H( _ 

12-12-0 P Hacking (7) 

,1 *40 

12 0« WttUAI^ m M«J Sl ua rtE v^ iMB ^ !wm 

14 038 CARJBUJE D Wade 011-7 D Wads (7) 

15 492 GAY FEH (B) Mrs G SaoaerS 

, , ^ 10118 Un SGbdderam 

*. T ?y 0 17RJPU LANGLEY COURT Gootrev Hughes 7-11-7 SBaker(7) 

16 F4/0 NOT BfTEMJS) T fiewers 911-7 NH»ctoig0 

**"(H 20 FU0P 8HMING KWGHT (B) L Warenam 1 1-1 1-7 « Morkn (7) 

21 O-RO VCRAMBdEMrsT Arthur 11-11-7.- Mot JARhurm 

22 00 MMROCXET Mrs D Garrett 911-2— B»«s S Gormtt (7) 
94 Haay Retreat. 81 Gay fisn. 92 General Merchant, 1 1- 

2 Hotoom Head. 81 Marks Methane. 101 others. 

(£999: 2m 2f) (18) 

3 0040 OORRB LAD R Hodges ll-fl-ll CGray 

4 00PP ™ECH^Ate(^MMedgw«*^ i wH#( ^ 

6 4422 HIGH HEAVEN A Moore 811-8 Mrs C Moore (7) 

8 U003 GOLDORATJONPUpram 11-11-5 — 

9 FD-0 FORTUNE COIKE J Fox 14-1 14 N Hunter 0 

12 0001 CARFUUC (USA) G Ham 011-6 ffieri M Hoad (7) 

14 0000 SUMMERCOVE(8D) A Moore 1010-12 G Moore 

20 00F0 TESTBK! TIMES (USAJ(C-D) Mas S Watermen 
810 1 0 Miss 5 Watermen 

21 POP2 MOROCCO BOUND <B) H Beasley 7-189. M Bosley (4) 

) Mrs MEaawn 14-107 — 

•0104 — 


28 0PPP WESTERN KELLY R Parker 0104 — 

32 0430 TARA'S CWEFTA1N (B) G EnngM 8102. E Murphy (4) 


36 PGP IMPERIAL ROSE R dans 7-100 
GENOVESE □ Gnssett 14-10G 

J AJcofrurat 


J White 

01 0910 T( 



24 KELLY'S STORY G Pratt 8101 

25 00 LLOYDS DARK LADY D GrsseO 7-1 04 JAkahurat 

26 F MKSHTY MEMBER J C Berry 7-188 Ltoraffl 

29 OP TOWS LASS M Truster 9109 V McKewtt 

31 GREEHHAMJBndger 4-108 MbaC Moore m 

32 8030 CELAiR R Hoad 4-103 MMeed(7) 

J Duggan 

5 -FPQ BBWY^ BOY (80) A Moore 101010 G Moore 

11- 10 WJwe Rose. 92 UBham Perhaps. 1 1-2 Bkte Dart. 91 
Celtic Gertrude, 181 others. 

(Amateurs: £1.630: 3m 2f 110yd) (15) 

3 PF/1 HASTY RETREAT G Humphrey 

1912-2 S A ndre w s (7) 




012-OATory (7) 

7 008 H0LB0RH HEAD M ET Davtex 1812-0 TQwi tl re u (41 

8 020 JET STATION J Sur&dje 912-0 F French (7) 

41 00/P GENOVESE □ Gnssett 14-10-0 Mrs N Ledger 

42 1^0 ASME1GH BOY (C-O) J 0 J Dawes 910-0 G Heaver (7) 
81 Cerfiax. 9-2 High Heaven. 11-2 Morocco Bound. 7-1 

Northern Halo. 81 Comb Lari. Taras Qrettati. I8i others. 

2 f 110 yd) ( 10 ) 

1 1111 PADDYBORO (C-D) J Grttanj 811-13 H Rowe 

3 00P4 STATE CASE P BMey 011-10 

9 P/30 vetBtBK-VJ Dotation 
10F44U ZACCtO (C-D) 0 Sherwood 8102 

12 CNF SPANISH GOO C Popnam 11-100 — 

13 COOP TBi BEARS (Bt (C-D)T M Jones 1810-0 — 

16 P1PF ca.DC WAY (C) G WflrWmro 

18180 IlIrT Grantham (4) 

17 3230 THE ROYAL COMRE (8F) kkss L Bower 

7-10-0R RaweU 

18 23FP JOHWIYTAROUWR Ledger 10180... UreN Ledger 
6-4 Paddyboro. 91 State Case. 92 The Royal Comne. 


(£2347: 2m 20 ( 6 ) 

1 4021 MASTER BOB N Henderson 912-7 (10en) H Bovriby (7) 

4 0300 KAHAGDHoMy0106 C Seward 

5 3101 HASTY GAMBLE F Winter 9105 J Duggan 

8 -POO DERRICK'S DEUQfT E W Janes 7-10-0 CCa|4) 

9 0/P0 QOLAMTA A Moore 0180 G Moore 

10 P-00 MARKET RUN J Fax 9190 S Moore 

54 Master Bob. 2-1 Hasty Gamble. 7-1 Kamag. 181 

Market Run. 12-1 Gotanta. 16-1 Derrick s Defeg fit. 


Going: good 

2m If) (9 runners) 

4 4-01 ABERCATA Miss J SaksU 1911-7 Mtoa J Jeckaoo (7) 

5 0P31 FOREWARN ffl)(BF) C Hoknes 91 i-9f5ex) — 

10 0031 PfriCHJFLOVE D MoNatt 9108 lteJOoina{7) 

11 3220 CW MAI (BKC-O)J Nonon 010-8 tteTfleed 

12 33M STERUNflVWruE (USA) B A MCManon 


15 0200 RSIAMtlER WYN MT Bowker 9181 — 

16 PU0 HARBOUR BAZAAR ffl) M C Chapman 0100 — 

20 0UO WWSEY (C) Utes K Thortpson 

9100— reKTha e ip wn g 

22 R ye FASTOAMCERO Moffett 8100 Mr S ktadrtng (7) 

04 Forewarn. 3-1 Priceoflove, 4-1 Abercata. 01 Chi MaL 
91 Sterkng Virtue. 181 others. 

Cartmel selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Priceoflove. 135 Wise Major. 3.10 Bashful 
Lad. 3.45 Jusc A Half. 4.20 New Song. 4.55 Celtic 


8 0331 SON OF MANADO J Wude 01l-1(4exU 
(0 4003 DALLAS SM/TN (USA) M C Chapman 8' 
11 POO RUSH THE BANK WJMadoe 4-184 — 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£808: 2m If) (11) 

2 /400 0AMCE OF LIFE P Kara* 7-11-7 — C Bridget! 

3 0000 PASS ASHORE (BtMOkvre 7-1 1-5. — „ RDumvoody 
7 200U SHALLAAL (B) (USA^F) C_Kokne9 7-1812— C Mam 

L K Jones 

-108 — 

JJ Qteral(4) 

12 P004 CUIEDO (B) (C-D) M B James „ 

9104 StuRtm James 0 

13 2000 GILLANBONE B A McMdhon 4-102 MrEMe—feMO} 

15 P032 WISE MAJOR D McCrei 9101 AMrephy M 

16 0000 SABINA PARK R Noon 0101 PFferelW 

18 OOPO FOUNTAIN VALLEY MosAKrag 7-101 P Tuck 

92 Pass Ashore. 100-30 Wise M^or. 91 SonOtMarado. 
91 DaHas Smart. 81 Chiedo, 101 others. 

(£2,422: 2m 5f) (10) 

5 0014 BIPER1AL BLACK (B) (C-D) DMcCtoi 1811-7 KOeefen 

70UOP OUR BARA BOY (B)MC Chapman 91 1-5 JJOuina (4) 

8 3024 BASHFUL LAO (Bn M Ofevre 11-1 1-4 ROmwoody 

10 44P- MASTER MBBLECHoknes 11-1013. O Hood (7) 

14 3F-0 COLOURflUL PADDY GW flehante 11-10-8 PThck 

15 OBttS DOUBLEUAGAW C Hotraes 18109 C Mam 

16 U441 GOWAN HOUSE W A Stephenson 7-18l2|4ex| K Joeo 

10 4002 VULBUCK O Mohan 810-3 KTeefen 

22 4UQ4 TUMBLE JIM (C) T W Cunongham 7-100 B Storey 

11-4 Grwan House, 81 BbsMuI Lad. 81 imperial Black. 
O: £900: 2m If) (12) 

2 F4 CHACK-A-JBI Miss Z Green 1010 Ur L Hudson 

3 0000 OECEUBRE(FR)EJ Alston 1010 PFarreB(4J 

4 FAR TO GO M C Chapman 101O JJ Quran 

6 0333 JUST A HALF DMcCam 1810 K Dootari 

7 POOO LAWLEY B Preece 1010 — 

9 000 MASTER ATTORNEY D McCall 1010— A Mraphy (7) 

10 MONTEFMSO U C Chapman 10-10 — 

13 00P3 R AMABAUON Capt J Wteon 1010 ROmwoody 

14 0000 TARTAN TOMAHAWK G W RxJiards 1010 P Tuck 

15 00 CERTAIN MELODY EJ Alston 185 MAtaton(7) 

16 P0 GEM MART (USA) C Hobnes 105 CMsra 

17 0420 GOLDEN SBSET D Mottatt 185 KTeelan 

2-1 Just A Hall. 7-2 Carck-A-Jim, 91 RaisabAon. 

2 m 10 ( 6 ) 

4 P0F0 HOPWAS B A McMahon 7-11-3 P Barry 

5 008 AJPfTBI PRINCE W A Stephenson 7-11-3 K Jones 

7 0PG NEW SONG MOivw 7-1 TS ROmwoody 

B 6200 PINING C Holmes 7-11-3 — — — — 

9PUPF SAWYBVS SON Mrs P Ruby 7-11-3 MrAHauiMy 

10 0244 VICTORY MORN JE Damn 101 1-3 KDootan 

Evens Now Song, 7-2 Pinng. 9 1 Victory Mom. 

If) (15) 

4 U FAUQMOS FOLLY GWnaaras 8-11-0.. DCasMey 

5 2 MGH MP D Yeoman 911-0 PFwreS (4) 

60P04 ISLE OF HALF D McCain 911-0 KDootan 

7 -QUO KJMACEROP Harare 9100 MrCBridgett 

8 P39 MOHA1RJB) (USA! D Wottatt 7-11-0 KTeefen 

9 B2D0 PINING (mCHoknes 7- ii 0 — 

14 0U0 BURROGERARO D McCan 81810 A Murphy (7) 

22 ROCKOLLA W A Stephenson 81010 K Jones 

24 OPO *NNY PENNY P Montetfi 010-9 D Nolan 

25 OOPO KAUAKRA Mrs PHigby 0189 MraP Rigby 

26 4000 NRSS WOODY JSHakune 0109 U Hammond 

26 FOOF MYOBJJL T H Caidwea 0189 PCaldwe8(7) 

29 F0P0 SAUCY MOP BPreeee 0189 — 

30 SPRING GALA 5 G Payne 9189 JJ Onion (4) 

31 OOP2 CELTIC FLORA Mrs M Thomas 9185 N Doughty 

13-8 High Imp, 82 Catoc Flora. 11-2 Isle Of Half. 


Going: good 

(£905: 2m 4f) (18 runners) 

3 3020 

REAY*S SONG lC-D)G Kmd8rste^_ 

5 0000 GLEN MATE W) R Francte 7-11-6 
8 0000 PASS ASHWSMOfeW 7-11-4 

[2-11-11 PCorrigan (71 
C Cowley (7) 

O (AW rpuw rwnvnb re urivw- » » ' — 

8 41P- BURLEY MLL LASS (C) E W h crto r 91 1-4 — 

9 023F ROYAL VALEWPBevan 01 1-2. ~ — 

10 «PP POHJOLA F YanflW 74 M— — R CaMt 

11 KM DUSTY FARLOW (BHD) B Preeee 7- M-0 P D mr 

12 2402 LOGCABWWCby^ll-Oj—.— PtoM OTwOT 

13 F320 CAPTAM PAT J H Balm 101013 B Wndd 

15 OOP/ MKHAEL'S EMPEROR PPnWBrt 7-1011 DCMrralT) 

8 00PP LE peaRL J Carden 9l8l1._. to J Carden 

20 WW HtGMWOO O B McM ahon 8180——, TWall 

22 OPPO SKYTRAW«TSET EM Jones 7-106 — 

23 0004 VAL CUMBER (USA) MCasraU 0107 — KTtaytarjn 

24 4F-0 VULGAIfS HONOR A JWiteon 0107 A Webb 

25 -POD GOLD FLOOR <C-D)J M Bradley 9107 GDavta* 


30 00FP MARTIN CROSS WGTwnor 9183 A Sharpe 

11-4 Log Cabm. 7-2 Reay's Song. 81 Royal Valour. 01 Vtri 
Cftmoer, 9 1 Captacn Pat, I0T Suriey ml Lass. 12-1 Glen May®, 

2m 40 (7) 

6 1240 MOLES CHAMBBI Mrs V McKfe 12-11-6 A Webb 

SP0P1 PLAY BOT (SPA)(D) F Witter 7-11-8w_ BdaHaan 

15 FP0* DOUSf BARREL WMcKresfeCcteF 1011-2 PDever 

16 Bffi-0 FAIR CITY F Gibson 911-2 — 

24 F003 SAMALAJA J H Baker 911-2 

28 F2t2 ALICES BOY^F) R Franc* 911-1 C 

• Lovfemf 

SS 02JJ4 MSTY PARK GH Jones 7-1811 

G Jones 

4-6 Play Boy. 7-2 Alice's Boy, 4-1 Moles Chamber. 81 
Sama&p. 12-1 others. 

3^5 ARM [TAGS HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.041: 2m) 


2 1VU DEADLY SONG (D) KBtfgwattr 

812-0 W Worthragton 

3 2010 NO FUBEOJIBnFYardtey 011-11 R Crank 

8 1111 BEDGRAVEAtTHST (Dt M Pree 911-5. — — 

10 0032 MSTEB BOOT [BJOO'MeB 7-1011. W HumaMss (J) 

11 0600 HAWAliAH KW (USA)(B)(D) W Ctey 


12 IMF 11HE-8EE (HjfB) R HOteRShead 91010 PDever 

16 DM3 DREADNOUGHT {8D|)J Carton 8)01 — Mr J Carden 

17 0040 CANARM (ffl E WMeter 8181 — 

IB 1-31 BURLEY MLL UU) T Bdl 0106(7ex) fl Crank 

4.0 K1NGSTONE NOVICE HURDLE (£806: 2m] (16) 

3 4032 GARDEM&IS CHOICE FWhier 011-7 Brie Heart 

7 3213 STORM HOUSE (DKBF) Mrs J Pitman 4-11-2... A Webb 
18 000 PRMCE OF DAWN (USA) K Bridgwater 

811-OW W orthfaa ton 
23 WONDER WtJja-GH Jonas 911-0 GJanea 

27 P ERNES CHOICE B Morgan 4-109 C Prtnce 

29 0000 FRISKY HOPE Mrs J Evans 4-109 HONJttMiB) 

31 2402 LE SOW R Franca 4-109 C Cowley (7) 

32 (90 LUCKY LBIAS Ton 010B — 

33 MANOR SECRET P Bevan 9189 

34 P MELLFaiNPa*TWO0109 SL . .. 

36 P0 WSS FLORAL CENTRE J HB 0189 to E McMahon I 

39 0 MUSKCAT RAimjER W Clay 9109 DfeneCtayl . 

40 0 OBQRW EXPRESS R Holder 0189 NGotemao 

41 F PRETTY FLY A Bnsboume 0109 MBriMrawne 

43 FOOD SWEET RASCAL JMBrwSey 7- f 0-9. G Davies 

44 P0 EVA BEAR T kersey *-104 — 

6- 4 Gardeners Choice, 11-4 SrormHaise. 5-1 LeSoir. 

Uttoxeter selections 

By Mandarin 

215 Reay's Song. 250 Plav Boy. 3.-5 Redgrave 
Artist 4.0 Gardeners Choice. 4.35 Glen Rover. 
5J0 i Dav^sJ^easure ;— ^ 


3 2P42 COTTAGE RHYTHM (80) Earl Jon« 101 1-7 — 

4 23P3 SONNY MAY QHubbann0l012 A Gorman 

5 POOS NORTH LANE K Bishop 01010 R Crank 

8 3-PP TRUSTY CATCHER (USA) M Tfitt 010-3 — M Bastard 

9 0000 ATRKOME Miss 5 Benyon Brown 

11-102 Mrs C Lemon 

10 0022 GLBI ROVER A Tumel 7-10-2 — — — SfeveKnight 

7- 4 Cottage Rhythm, 02 G»n Rover. 7-2 North Lane. 01 

(£685: 3m) ( 16 ) 

23 0201 REGENT lEBUREF Jordan 7-11-7 (Bex) fl Hyatt 

25 CPU DAWD5 TREASURE (D)R fisher 

811-1 (to) MMaanlw 

26 0310 DEW (BF) R Holder 81812— — NOeteman 

28 Q01P urnEMWOGH Jones 7-1010 — G Jones 

21) 0223 lNW*a<(»C)(BF)M HEastetby 0)0-5 — P Dover 

213 2000 J1MPANZE R BrooncMfl 7-104 

220FP00 UTOPIAN G Roe 0100 P McDermott (7) 

221 POO ALL SH.VER R Bathe* 9180 — 

22B F0U3 WOODLAND GSCHATOR P Prncnaro 7-100 — 

227 -000 SWE1DAIG HO K BShop S-ltH) — 

223 F00 ANICSGRdVE(B)R Franas 18100. — — 

230 OOH RB) BARONESS P Sevan 0100 — 

- 0100 — 

7-100 — 

231 0340 EXTRUDE B 


Pons 7-1DO.. 


81 No Fluke. * 

t Time-See. 20-1 

0Z Metre Boot 2» 000/ BALLTTUWl BEll£ R Harttp 7-IOfl 

5-2 Regent Las ure. 7-2 Inkpen. 91 Davids Treasure. 

"3 -*« •- 
15 -4 
J — 12 

590 .-=' 











\ at -\ 


t U- 

. tfj jl-iV 





Still Dreaming to spark double 


By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

The Sears Group have spon- 
sored the entire programme at 
Sundown Park today to the tunc 
of £85.700. For that we can 
thank the former chairman. 
Leonard Sainer. whose idea it 
was. He has been an ardent 
supporter of racing for many 
yean during which time he has 
had fun and success with horses 
m training with Peter Walwyn. 
Fred Winter and Tommy 

By the end of the day no two 
people may have enjoyed them- 
selves more than Nicky Vigors, 
the Upper Lam bourn trainer, 
and his most capable young 
apprentice. ■ Steve Dawson. I 
give them a good chance of 
landing a lucrative double with 
Still Dr earning ( 1 ,30) and 
Gilderdale (3.0). 

But for having to come all the 
way around her field to deliver 
her challenge. Still Dreaming 
may well have won first time out 
at Warwick. .As it was she did 
well to get to within a length and 
a half of Arctic Ken at the finish, 
especially as her conqueror has 
won again, very easily, at 

So. on 1 11b better terms ( ! 41b 
if you take Dawson's claim into 
consideration) Still Dreaming 
looks poised to take her revenge 
on Arctic Ken and enable Vigors 
to train a winner for his mother- 
in-law. Joan Forbes. 

Gilderdale has as hard a task 
as any today in the Sdfndgcs 
Whitsun Cup. But. having seen 
him baulked twice in the Jubilee 
at kcmpion before he finished a 
close sixth behind Pennine 
Walk. I have no miention of 
looking elsewhere for the likely 

Today's nap is on Mango 
Express to continue Con 
H organ's excellent recent run by 
winning the Mappin & Webb 
Henry II Stakes. Yesterday 
H organ said that he felt Mango 
Express had come on by about 
71b since his first good' run at 


S Africans 
poised to 
win series 

Sauto Africa .... 33 

NZ Cavaliers ...... 13 

From Paul Martin. Pretoria 

Laying immediate claim to 
world champion status, the 
Springboks ran a willing New 
Zealand team ragged in the last , 
quarter of the third unofficial 1 
international at Loftus 

The win secured the South 
Africans a 2-1 lead with only 
next weekend's final encounter 
in Johannesburg remaining for 
the New Zealanders to rescue 
their honour and in so doing 
reduce the wrath of their 
country's rugby authorities. 

Now unable to lose the series, 
and more than likely to win it. 
South Africa's captain. Naas 
Botha, calculates that touring 
sides will come flocking to these 
shores. The distinction between 
official and rebel tours is seen 
here os of little consequence 
now. as events overtake the 
rugby admjnjsiraiors' JLvblc ef- 
forts to lum back the tide. 

Alter a stultifying first half of 
aerial ping-pong, the Springboks 
had a narrow 12-° lead. They 
went IN- 15 down after the 
interval, when New Zealand's 
much improved forwards rolled 
mio impressive action, setting 
up driv mg rucks and mauls that 
allowed the full back. Kieran 
Crowley, to glide in at the 
ei inter. "Grans Fox converted. At 
that stage the Springboks were 
reeling, hut they then composed 
themselves and served up three 
magnificently executed tries. 

They had whetted their 
supporters' appetite in the first 
half, when Card du PI eves sped 
s> sards, fed infield to h:s 
hooker. l : !i Schmidt, who accel- 
erated 10 the line through a 
narrow opening. Naas Botha 
transformed the Springboks' 
waning fortune in the second 
half with a dash for the line- 
Om-lhough: m the lineout 
and matched in the tight, the 
Springboks made far better u«e 
of their chances, thanks to the 
dream debut of the team's only 
English speaker, the scrum half 
Uarih Wnghl.Carel du Plessis's 
incisive running set up Dame 
Gerber, for the team's third try. 
Gvrro*. M eu Piessn. J Resell. N Botha 
(TJUTj-r>. G W:qB. F Erases. U 
P Krw’w W Bartnom L, 
Mop-ijn S Sui 3 ^:. G SrfcB. J &«« 
NEW ZEALAND- X CroeteY. C Gre-r V 
S-T-rtTIl W T3.S?f M CUlTC G rCV a 
Lcr.-iJcr-. J Asr-nonh H Petti. G hr-gni. 
M i-j*. * H.’.ecn G UflwRon. J hosis 
.■:ac:i r i MMpitec 



Texaco Trophy 

eu TraKcrd; EryanS . I KL 2 ,cn 3-CJy ; 

i-le ■’.C -U.i.l.' 

SruanniC County Championship 

(it 0 ic 6.33 ’-nless crated. 1*0 
oeprs m.nirrymi 

0 ER 8 V. CWvfV Shire v Ntnrognorrsrwo 

<:t a •: f ac> 

CARDIFF: Gijur'gan v Se-ro-so: 
BOURNEMOUTH: haragsiire * 

LORE'S: Mdd'ew* * Su'-T-ai 
NORTHAMPTON: NatroncxnstwB v 

EDG3A3TON- Warwickshire v 


HEA01NGLEY; L3lKaS*w« 

Basil Dawes Trophy 

THE OVAL; Surrer v SUM* 

Newbury Serv'd v 

■ Sheroourm School: 

SlcaiOfC L-ncrswre « BedKxcsmffl 

Josmond: Narnumrorlaad v 


GOLF: VVhvte and X!a-Kay PGA 
r'an'cirrsrcs. al Wirtwunh 
CYCLING; Mrt Raw (Stago 1 Bir- 
T—(ii;'i,vn to Blx-padr. Harrogate 

F«s*»a* _ 

ATHLETICS: UK Cnamcionsf.iaa. 
Cwmbran _ _ 

MOTOR HAONG: Ttruvai and Stands 1 

Haw- , 

CROQUET: H.tro eremwonffl. at 

Btg*v Chescrnam wo** end tour- 

lUrncni-Caicrmsar weeke nd to urnament: 
SeuWef! wpenend tsumamgnL 
TENNIS; Mimefastiire ctonad seni 0 » . 
eiamstons a: Oueorawoed Swam. ; 

ROWING: Kingston Sjjnw 
SWIMMING; ScufW CeuVrw cpm 

■ mecime. 4! Crystal Pap^ M S’- 

POLO: Snffi RY'ond Cup anc Ccbio Guo- 
ESar Comb*/ Px*. tltfond to* 
Mornatrorai T-rcnv and Ra/al Herod 

fii 3 r. 1 q CtO at vrmiwo* 

BOARO SAILING: Hobten UK champon- 
b!u5 . r wwsatfc 

— te 

* * -■ _ 

Grey Desire; will be in his element over soft ground at Sandown in the Sears Temple Stakes 

ship, which now rests between 
Nicky Henderson and his men- 
tor, Fred Winter, could be won 
and lost this afternoon. Both 
men arc calling an all reserves, 
Henderson in an attempt to win 
the title a first time. Winter a 
ninth. Henderson's best chances 
rest with White Rose (2.30) and 
Master Bob <4.30) at Fontwcll 
along with Amhall (5.10) at 
Fakenham while Winter is 
banking that Play Boy (2J0) 
and Gardeners Choke (4.0) at 

Newbury where Longboat was 
among ihosc- who finished be- 
hind. Horgan also said that he 
full that on a line through 
Mango Express's full brother 
Western Dancer, whom he also 
trains and who was runner-up to 
Eastern Mystic at Doncaster last 
autumn, the recent winner of 
the Yorkshire Cup will be hard 
put to give his horse as much as 

Grey Desire, my selection Tor 
the Soars Temple Stakes, will be 
in his element on the soft 
ground as his record during this 
wei spring should indicate. He 
will also relish the stiff five 
furlong shute at Sandown which 

is guaranteed to find out a short 

At Chepstow, my principal 
fancies are Rockmartin to win 
the Newick Handicap Stakes, 
albeit under the steadier of 9st 
121b. and Sommer Sty to re- 
main unbeaten by winning the 
Badminton Slakes. 

Following that encouraging 
effort behind Nino Bibbia and 
Kadial (both winners since) at' 
Newmarket, Brown Thatch will 
surely give Steve Cauthen an- 
other winning ride in the second 
division of the Groby Maiden 
Stakes at Leicester 

The dose race for this jump- 
ing season's training champion- 

Uttoxctcr along with Malya 
Mai (3.30) at Hereford can help 
redress the balance and turn 
their private duel into a photo- 

Sonic Lady 
to triumph 

From oar Irish Racing 
Correspondent, Dublin 

A facsimile trauuuftntr, a 
Peace Commissioner and a new 
hit - these ranted out to be die 
unexpected hot essential 
ingredients In the success of 
Sheik Mohammed's Sonic Lady 
ha the Goff’s Irish WOO Gannas 
at the Cnrtagh on Saturday. 
When the time came to lodge the 
declaration for Sane Lady rt was 
discovered that her passport had 
been left behind at Newmarket 
An appeal was then made to the 
stewards of the Irish Turf Chb 
to sanction her partidpation 
provided that a facsimile copy of 
the passport could be sent over. 

They agreed, but pot a 2J0 
deadline and also insisted that a 
Peace Gmunissiooer be present 
to ksa&tt the doemnent- It was 
then wired to the Shea’s 
KSdangan shad la County KD- 
dare and the copy reached the 

Corragh racetrack with ,pst 15 
minutes to spare. 

Sonic Lady had spoiled her 
chances when favourite for the 
Newmarket 1,000 Guineas by 
running too freely and getting 
over-excited in the prelimi- 
naries. Now in the windswept, 
rain-battered Cnnagh she was 
the model of decorum going 
down to the start and started 4-1 
joint favourite with the French 
1,0W) Guineas winner, Baiser 

She settled town from the 
b e gin n ing and two f n rio nga from 
home was cantering as she came 
through to take command. 
Baiser Vole looked a possible 
danger bat sbe was bumped 
repeatedly by Living Rough. 
The Sheik's other runner, As- 
teroid Field, looked like finish- 
ing second op to a few strides ! 
before the post where Lake : 
Champlain came very strongly 
to snatch the second prize by a 
short bead. 

^ ^ ? ^a ; nd 6 wn park 

Televised: 1.30, 2.0, 240, 3.0 
Going: good to soft 
Draw: 5f, high numbers best 

| 1.30 SAX0NE HANDICAP (3-y-o: £3,617: 7f) (17 runners) 

10? 031-3 SUPB) PUNK f J UaxvnQ M FMherston-GofJlBy S-7 PtfEdday 13 

103 4000-00 LITTLE POWERS lO IChevetef Park Stud) J WSrttw 9-7 B Rome 15 

106 033-00 JOHN SAXON (S« G WMe| M SlouM 0-1 WRSMnbnlfl 

106 0240-0 Zulu KNIGHT (Mrs L Wigram) fi SmyJy 9-1 P Rotxnaao 7 

110 0300-0 WAR WAGON |C WAckn III) R Armstrong B-1 1 CAnnusaoaU 

111 W043-0 VKESOY MAJOR (F Broom) R Hannan 8-7 — WCntotl 

114 P002-4 DEPUTY TW(BHP Trant) JBemullW — G 

115 00-0 BLUE BRILLIANT (BF] (A Siwad) B HBs B-4 BT>wanon17 

116 033-0 BUMiAAM |H AlAlaMouim F Watwyn B-4 P»4Eddary9 

117 000-0 GLOBAL (G3obal Homos Southam Lid) W Musson 8-4 HWigiml 

118 040411 ARCTIC KEN (D) (H Mela) C Ntttan 8-3 (58)1) MHO *8 

119 042000 HISS VENEZUSAfMraSRmncMC Horgan 80 P Cook « 

120 420 NATtMAKAM(3)(Fra[MreSKhamG UNn03 PWtf*on5 

121 030-2 Smi DREAMMG (Mrs G Forbas) N Wnors 8-0 SOmon(3)3 

1 26 021 CHUMHTS PET (C GBmnti)N Canagran 7-10 — 79 

127 00400-0 STOCK PHRASE (Lord McAIpnmRSnMti 7-9 D McKay 2 

129 000040 MASTER HUSK (M Bmtain) M Briffian 7-7. NON-RUMER 12 

9-4 dummy's Pet 5-1 Arctic Ken. Stfl Dreaming. &-1 BurtiaaiR, Staler Punk. 8-1 
Natcftakam. 10-i Deputy Tim. 12-1 othois. 

June 15. MERELE | 

4thboatBn4KI toFarmoz(8-1f}7ran. Yartc ImSfwOa 
GOi beaten 71 n E* 

Epsom 71 stks heavy Apr 23. ARCTIC KEN ffl-12) won 71 from SanMa Pal (8-5) 17 ran. 
wotverti 3 mpfOT 71 nxap good tosoft May 12. snu. DREAMING ftMn 2nd Deaton 1 K 1 to 
ARCTIC KEN ( 8 - 6 ) 19 raft WarwKk 71 h'cap ftm May S. CHtOMYS PET (9-0) won lid 
from Chautauqua (B- 8 ) 13 ran. Carlisle 5! Maiming sKsgoodio soft Masy 2. 

Selection: SUPER PUNK 

Sandown selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Still Dreaming. 10 MANGO EXPRESS (nap). 2.30 Grey 
Desire. 3.0 Gildcraale. 3.35 Basic Bliss. 4.10 Cocottc. 4.40 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.30 Chummy’s Pt*L 2.0 Eastern Mvsiic. 2.30 Powder Keg. 3-0 Les 
Arcs. 3.35 Marimba. 4.10 Arab Heritage. 4.40 Tip Tap. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.0 Gilderdale. 

2.0 MAPPIN & WEBB HENRY II STAKES (Group III: £18,675: 2m) (10) 

20i 1211-41 EASTERN MYSTIC (Maj R Harden) L Cuman 4-94) PM Eddery 3 

2C3 000-101 BflUNICO IT Ramsden) R Sonpson 4-8-11 C Asmuaoen 9 

2C4 412124- I WANT TO BE (USA) iSheiMi Ifchamnw]) J Dunlop 4-8-11 B Rouse S 

ICS 23.142-0 LONGBOAT (□) [R Hc*n^warth|W Hem 5-8-11 WCananA 

227 122-332 SEISMIC WAVE (USA) |R SanqsieO B Ms 5-8-1 1 B Thomsen 2 

:09 113C1-0 TALE QUALE (DI1R Barnett) H Candy 4-8-11 TI*BS7 

good May 15- 

SSkBok LEl 

209 113C1-0 TALE QUALE nil 1 R BametljH Candy 4-8-11 

710 1C123-4 SCURBON BOY iStaMi MOnamnwd) M Sioun 48-& WffSMtamt 

217 122 CO -0 KUSLAI IUSA 1 {Wre S Khan) G Lewre 4-88 — .PWaMwnlO 

2*3 I'll 24-2 MANGO EXPRESS iKAndenaeslC Horgan 4*8 — PCoakl 

714 0-0CCC3 PETRIZZO iC Bt:i) C Bmum 5-88. PRoimsoaS 

5-2 Easwm Mystic. 4-1 Seismic Wove. 9-2 Longboat 5-1 Tale Quale. 6-1 Brurtco, 
KM Mango 12-1 1 Want To Be. 16-1 Bourbon Boy. 20-1 omen. 

FORM; EASTERN MYSTIC iMi won 1 SI from S 8 SMIC WAVE «W 1 with PETRtZZO (B- 
9i 3rd bejien 71 and BOURBON BOV IB-91 4m beaten 51 wttti TALE QUALE (8-9) Sill 
reawn ill. 7 ran. Ycrx in 61 Cup good IP SOU May 15.BRUNtCO(8-lO)won 1 V,l from 
S-rarOan (9-0)3 ion Chesier lmSIsftssofiMay 8 MANGO EXPRESS (8-71 2nd beaten 
n*;bKartul8-7i wti LONGBOAT (B-7) 6 ih beaten 51. 14 ran. Newbury 1 m 5! stks soft 


2 JO SEARS TEMPLE STAKES (Group Ilk £19,170: 5f) (10) 

331 11 13-12 POWDER KEG U KasM J Hm*Jy 4-9-7 M Wh 3 

372 4122(H) PROMOOMME (C- 0 )iCnew»y Park SbJd)MS*auie 4-9-5 WRSW**om5 

323 HEIM DOUBLE SCHWARTZ (D) (R Sanoswi C Nelson 5-9-3 Pat Eddery 9 

JW 1-11241 GREY DESIRE ltd Bromi M Bmiam 6-9-3 KDarleyG 

33S 3322-40 PRINCE REYMO ID) lOcean* Ud) R AmtSicng 59-3 Ctaranenl 

”07 211129- PETROVICH (C-Dl {J Horgan) R Hannan 4.94) BTtameooi 

2C? 000-733 SHARP ROMANCE (U5AKD) iShedJi Mohammed Al SatXBi) B Hanbury 


310 *2003 IWER 1 AL JADE SH IS Kaplan) A Jarvis 4*11 PCook .lB 

313 11222-0 FATRUZ (BHD) |A Foust!*) W OGomian 34-5 Time 4 

314 21120-0 NASH 1 A (BUY Mas*) P Walwyn 3*2. — — P*rtEddaty2 

3-1 Grey Desne. 7-2 Pnmo Dorrame. 5-1 Double Schwartz. 8-1 (mpenaT Jade. 

Sha:B Romance. B -1 Powcec Keg. 10-1 Fayruz. 12-1 Pnnce Reymo. 16-1 Nashra. 2 D -1 

FORM: PGWUSR KEG i UHR won hd hum Anugo Lora 
fo froi Ayl5 PR 1 MO OOWNIE (9-4| 9th beaten over 

— M SduM 87-11 

224-0 COCOTTE (Sir M5abel)W Hem 3-7-11. 

LADY FOR TWO (USA) (J Msbee) M StauH 87-11. 

Pal Eddery? 
882 . BHouee 1 
WCarsoa 2 
- MOked 

9-4 Cocone. 4-1 ctah Stream. 9-2 Sweat Adelaide. 81 Charge Along. 81 
Entrancing. 181 Putcftasepapercftaae. 12-1 Arab Heritage. 281 Lady For TWo. 

4.40 OLYMPUS SPORT HANDICAP (E2322: 1m 2f) (21) 

3 011800 KASTER LINE (D) (Mrs D Anderson) H Candy 8810 CAmnaealO 

4 0100-00 ANY 
7 830000 WE'LL MEET ACMN 

8 04011-0 HARSH HARHtEHM 

9 002003- TVfrAPH 

10 334(280 

11 004180 ELECTBOPETI 

12 3002-40 DASHNGHl 

13 840000 DUELLWa 

14 0000-00 FREE ON ■ 

15 302800 JWNAAS (f afumaij aenuns wm 

is 040800 m min inn if i im 

19 000/000- TRACKERS JEWEL (A Gooda) J Dunlop 

20 0000 PUL S 1 NGH (B Hager) C Bemaad 4-8-5 . 

21 0102-30 

22 00-0141 DkCNSlOtl 

PH Eddery 15 

B Thomson 19 

23 0043-00 ROSANNA OF TEDFOUf (Mra G Dawson) A Davison 87-13- PRoUomm 18 

24 002138 TOURNAMENT LEADER (D Marta) 0 Marta 87-13 D McKay 2 

a awe-000 EVEN BANKER ID) (MGs A WtWlwWlD Artndinat 7-7-12 K Daley 10 

26 004484 SOLSTICE BELL (H) (Mrs H (GBx»n) R Vootspuy 4-7-7 D Brawn 11 

27 00 / 000-0 DEUJMXB RENOWN (W Holden) W Holden 4-7-7 S Dam (3) 14 

9-2 Gfibous Moon. 81 Tournament Leader. 11-2 Dimension. 81 Haatf i g ritt. 

Dastsng UghL 81 Marsh Harrks. 181 others. 

FORM: PCWUS? KEG 1 1801 won hd tram Anugo Loco (9-10) 7 ran. Tlwsk 6f stks good 
fou-l Ay 19 phmo DOMINIE |9-4| 9th beaten over 41 to GREY DESIRE (9-0) 10 ran. 
York 6t V!»? rxoti 10 soft May 15 DOUBLE SCHWARTZ (810) won II from Oarnkne (8 
:c: with IMPERIAL JADE (871 3rd beaten 1L 13 ran Newmarket 51 stks good May 3. 
FAYRUZ ‘S-SlStti beaten 9. jHo Governor General (89i I3ran. Newbury fit stks good to 
soft Ma* 16 


• The stewards at Lii^field 
Park on Saturday interviewed 
jockey Rae Guest and trainer 
Hugh Collingridge after 
Pommes Chateau, lop weight in 
the Redhill Handicap, had 
dropped right out of con leu l ion. 
Guest told (hem that the gelding 


Going: good 


(£1.1 82:3m) (5 runners) 

2 2123 CLONROCME STREAM (5F) V ThOTTpsari 

7-1 1-3 A Brawn 

5 P«l SWUNG auNNIORJetinson 11-189 MrPJatnon(7) 

14 4340 WOLD SONS M*s C CW 18104J ASntager 

15 CF44 BEAU LTONDLarr 8180. _ B Storey 

16 CrP SWSET STREAM V ThcmKOfl 7-180 Mr M ThompMO 
8-15 Oonroche Slream. 4-1 WoW Song. 7-1 Beau Lyon. 18 

1 Srwitng Baim. 14-1 Sweet Stroom 

Hexham selections 

By Mandarin 

H.i) Clonoroche Stream. 6.50 Grangehill. 7.0 Big 
To^cr. 7.30 Silent \ alley. 8.0 Special ScuIemenL 
Rapid Beat. 


7 POOR SAHENA PLASTICS (8) T Cuntwgnjm 811-12 . MrS 
Cunnmohjoi (71 

6 COCC STASSHOr (BJ0 Sw^itSohuV 

1 1 -t M2Mr D 8w(mBeiwnt 
9 0 WHTTEWAU. STONE WC MUGS 11-1 M2. PAimdage 

V PW) BARLEY BRAKE fi Bar 1811-7 . . ... — 

13 P°FQ GAANGEHBJ. (DJ Mis* G Ren H-ll-7 Mr P Derma (4) 
M 0000 PETS AN3 DUD (B) V Thompson 

7-1 1-TMrM Thompson (4) 

16 F3P0 RAJSNS AW Mt; 9 Wanng 811-7 

16 8P0 JINGCMS ALICE l Turntj* 7-1T-2 M MuKganlT) 

l£ 0240 0“ THAT ILK Vra J Wee 811-2 _ CDem»(7) 

11-10 Slanfwt, 7-2 GranqahiS 81 Of Thai Bk. 81 R»na 
A if. li?-l ’.Vhiicv.a.’ Slone. 14 - 1 ewers 


(Amateurs: £1.292: 3mj (16) 

3 5OT BK!T0GGERJHaracn8l1-11. .... P Demis (4) 

4 PlCfl BUJE RAVlfCW Reed 7-1 1-11,,. Tfleed 

7 OOOF CICcH SPY Mrss S Jsnmos 811-11 CCmfadt 


M F- CLESHCLME 811-11- 

13 CTPC JVMAKKI (9) P A'-rto 8I1-M- TS*iji(7) 

•4 C43 MMASQTA KEY H FiVMC 811-11 A Fowler (7) 

*3 3Q MARK'S CHOICE iBW Thompson 8|1 -ll MTInimaii 

16 F- MR INDEPENDENT D LM 81 1 -11 H Brawn ( 7 ) 

17 2 OWES CUAY T Bu‘-?n 1811-11 -. MnNBaMi 

1EFPPP PURSEBEAfiEH M^. J Reiw 1811-11 Mrs J Better (7) 
.'O CM WATER WAGTA1LV.- A Swpnenson 811-11 PJahaioa 
AJ MOO GCLD PROMT WYauna 811-6. _ J Dm (7) 

24 0000 LITTLE MITTENS R Barr 8114 

26 PP T0UNG WGGUG M Reodan8ll-6_ 
29 0 OLD NEC CJBei 4-1813- 

MSewtnby (7) 

81 Big Toggw. 4-1 Manasato Key, 81 Ower Quay. 81 
Blue Raven. 8 f Water Wagtad. 181 Jymano, 181 others. 

( 12 ) 


181 l-12HrT Reid 

2 1F34 IMSQRUraUOUS JUOOE (C-DXBF) W A Stephenson 


4 4022 CASA KNPEjtMRD Lee 11-11-0 — - Mr H Brawn (7) 
7 001F LA 80EUFK-D) D Lamb 18i8H)(4 &}—— C Grant 

9 -003 MiMBIATE R risner 7-189 M W— w end 

>0 33> SLEW /ALLS Jordon 18189 fteU OBratfer 

12 P3 PHMCE SANTIAGO (D) Danjrs SmCi 81 87^, — MrC 

13 1230 aSSotAWK STAR (D) K Olvw 18184 — 

14 1-Pi (EORV SNATCHER (01 G Ronrds 1810-4 — PTock 

17 43P0 WUK7WBIIRN m R Brews 12-180 A Stringer 

19 4230 PARK TOWER (CJPMontB*h 8180 Q Natal 

20 FP32 PURPLE BEAM T Banna 7-180™ — M Bernes 
7-2 SUent VaOey, 4-1 UnsaundCWG Judge. 81 Ldde 

Frenchman, 7-1 Pnnce Santiago. 8l Numerate, watawbum. 


2 0343 ROMAN DUSK (C-0}j Charlton 811-9 MrPOmaibft) 

6 1000 SHOT PKiKMW A Stephenson 811 -6 ALanb 

9 3030 DUKE OF DOLUS P8W Stem 7-1813 — 

11 1203 DOUGHTY REBEL A Scott 810-10 — 

14 2020 SPECIAL SETTLEMENT (BF)R/Utal 81 87 N Doughty 

15 2230 GOLDB( HOLLY KD(BF) t Dalgeny 8185 - 8 Storey 
17 100 UNCLE OLIVER (CJV Thompson 8183 Ik M Unman 


20 PPOO LUCKY MCNAEL JNndam 8180 DCaddOy 
84 Douohfy RetwL 81 Roman Dusk, 4-1 Sgeeai Sefflemem. 
81 SI»ny Pdgrmi, 81 Duke Ot Dodo. 81 Gotuen HoBy. 

2m) (14) 

1 0103 RAMPANT (C-O) 

2 0312 RAPID BEAT On 

H Barr 7-11-9 to H Sowanby (7) 

BF)W A Stephenson 811-9. RLrato 

2 0312 RAPID BEAT flR(BF)W A Stephenson 811-9. Rum 

3 (COO REMAINDER WTN M Bowtor 811-4., — „C Grant 

9 0000 KADIflAirS HTTECH D A Lamb 811-1 — 

14 202p PUSGDONGRESIV Thompson 811-1 — 

15 POOO RAKE’S PROGRESS (BJV Thompson 811-1- A Brown 

IS 00 STANairWH»gh 811-1 M Pepper 

IS PPOO WALDRON ML. A Knowtes 811-1 AStitogv 

20 0 DARLWO MO DWhtte 7-1810 — 

21 -OPO DOHABREYT Bames 810-1Q — H Banes 

22 OFM MAJOR R0UGE( B) J Charaon 4-1810 REemrtaw 

24 0 RAflCEAM Mrs J Wee 81810 T8ei 

K 80 ROYAL EXPORT W C WMS 81810. PAimKsge 

27 0F00 TRUOOO Lee 81810 toABrwm 

188 Rapid Beat. 7-2 Rampant. 4*1 Major Rouge. 8t 
Romamer Wyn. 81 Stanehy. 12-1 Ptodgdon Green. 

Gofaig: good to firm 

Draw: low numbers best on soft srouna 

HANDICAP (£1,545: 7f) (18 runners) 

2 182 TamEYUSAXBMnW Hem 7-87- TBprahem? 

3 -as oiorSTb 

6 140 BUBS BOY 


J Berry 1882 — A Wood* m 6 

- 4*11 DUedhMerOT2 


ido 4-9-0 — m ran r 

(J Mdraionl 0 Muray-Smith 4-811 W Canon 4 

Edwards) A PSt 4-8(1 HHcGIWi2D 

(G Moore) M Morley 8811 B Rome 12 

(Ms R Johnson) PMlM 8810 — 17 

iwiherg) C Horgan 4-810 — Paul 

J Jenkins 4-810 

was squeezed for room oi the 
two- furlong marker, threw up 
his head and tried to bang in 
behind the other runners. 
Collingridge also told them that 
Pommes Chateau prefers firmer 
ground. The explanations were 

Queen Helen 
well beaten 
at Longchamp 

Queen Helen (Willie Carson) 
and Spicy Story (Pat Eddery), 
the two British represents lives 
at Longchamp yesterday, both 
ran very disappointingly. Queen 
Helen beat only one in the Prix 
Saint-Alary and Spicy Story was 
lasa behind Air de Cour in the 
Prix du Cadran. 

Queen Helen was never a 
threat to Lacovia, who burst 
dear early in the straight and 
went on to win by four lengths 
from Secret Form with Barger a 
dose third. All three are likely to 
meet again in the Prix de Dune 
Hermes on June 15. | 

SavoJdo. a Derby entry, was a 
big disappointment behind his 
stable companion. Loyal Dou> i 
He, in the Prix La Forte. He 1 
could finish only ninth. 

• British horses fared well at 
Baden-Baden over the weekend. 
Sarab (Richard Quinn) was the 
comfonabie winner of j 
yesterday's group three Badener i 
Meile. taking the lead from the j 
froni-runnriK favourite. Lining. ! 
inside (he final furlong. Bold ; 
and Beautiful (George DuflRdd) 
was third and Sulaafah (Tony 
Murray) fifth. 

Tom Jones, who trains 
Sulaafah. had better luck on 
Saturday when Tarib was the 
easy winner of the £8,475 


9 4394 HOrefUL KATE (BtOLCSAo 489. t^yKcfcwP” 0 

10 -032 ZJOPEPPfKJPJT W»ig88fl GCwtar 

11 0840 HOKUSANK *wy 4-87 

15 MO MHUS NAN W tfodW* 883 
17 080 PETIT BQTWMusaon 4-0 
19 240 SAflHIA T Faftwrst 4-S-1 


22 408 ROTABERrraMraGnmdw 

23 048 VIA VPAER mfttalBBf 87- 
25 OHS GODS LAW 0)) Mrs QHowrtey 5-7-11 
2G 008 MGM.T PLACQ) E E)*i 4-7-1 1 

28 008 EYEUfllff (O-DJR HdSnshaad 87-10 A 

29 404- AifiNTTCaiJCS 

30 833- GOLDEN 0GCM 
MTonay. 81 a*iyAnn.81 Sarenw.182 QlOy rt On.8 

1 Zto Pwxno, 12-1 Hoprafti Katte. 14-1 Hokusan, 181 oWas, 

Doncaster selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Torrey. 130 Tootsie Jay. 3.0 Sneak Preview. 
3.30 Ivory GuH 4.0 Saker. 4.30 Carers Treasure. 

5.0 M antique. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent - 

2.0 Mootcccfli, 230 Tootsie Jay. 3.0 Love 

Walked In. 330 Top Wing. 4.0 Saker. 4.30 
Tiraeswiteh. 5.0 Wesbaam. 

230 RANSKILL SH11NG STAKES (2-JKX- £1.035: 

i on harrt^co»ng(d ) tf^ mijci ^ 

7 ROAN REEF Mrs N Macaulay 87 _ Gay Kattreaf ®i S 

9 4 ATHBIS LADY A Snath 84 SW atatw S 

11 004 FANTWENTMdar84 KHodgml 

13 00 ROSE DUETT Barron 84 

14 SWEET RBOTC DRW 84 ASt«artta(5)6 

16 3003 TOOTSE JAY P FeHden 84 —7 

9-4 Tootste Jay, 11-4 Harry's GomlngJM Rose Dust * 

Fanbne. 81 Athene lady. 1 81 Roan Reel. 281 Sweet Hibot 

&0 HAREWOOD HANDICAP (E3.147: 2m 2f) (14) 

IS -201 CNHUlHKA)(DIIBafc3n0 187-8 Hm0HMamhMI(7JS 

14 /no 

15 m TW ASmiSi7>7'7. gFm tJI 

3-1WW5 Bank, 7-2 Rtod Taw, S-’ 

Sun Street, 0-1 securfty Clearance, 181 Samd Drffoswn. 
{Stand Ejdte K Cheka. Td.1 cRfMrs 

130 DURHAM HANDICAP (3-y-a £4,292: 7f) (ty 

3 M2 PASnCCtOQDIM Jawte87 — 5 

i ss 

A Si 


IB -B4a CUMBRIAN DANCtH |H| M n c^«.u r .-10 

81 Cumbrian Dancer. 81 PasOcdo, ^ 

81 Gaeflc Rutter, *182 Top tong. 8f Hudsons Mew*, iv-i 
Ivary Gufl. 28l (dp u^estkra. 

43 STAND MAIDEN STAKES (3-)W £ 1.358: 1m 

49060 • 

1 0 ABYDOS WJmvtsM-— 

1 raflffifflKSr 3 ” — -"ASSbi 

» 5 " ss BflE^%====2sS; 

13 380 ^ “^BoSS? 

2 “ 

if is 

i BS 


£2595:50(11) c _ nrer5 

M Roberts 7 
_ A dark 1« 

Sn (fcte 811^^1 CWWrn S 

"0 ^ 

I -liawniWBAIKICtoMHEm*^^^^ 

5 ^ Bmfi^Sasgn il£Z£\ 

6 4-00 BLAND BOLE J W Watts 4-6-9 NCamaMf 

7 840 SUN STREET C BrittaH 4-84 M M»«ts9 

9 0131 LOVE WAIKH) M W Hol()w 5-7-13„ R MO«e (S 12 
10 0003 JACKDAW tUSAJRHoBnshead 87-13 A Ceitene (7) 4 

II 387 SOUND wftStON R HNtaher 87-12- DMcKHMf 
12 400 KMGHTS HEM L Ugblhrown 5-7-10 — W Weods (R 3 

3J) SELFRIDGES WHITSUN CUP (Handicap: £12^344: 1m) (21) 

403 V144- LES ARCS (R McCraery) M S»uto487 

404 80000 QUAUTAn FLYER ~ 

405 080004 QO BANANA’S 

407 000040 MERLE (J Ada 

408 00211-4 STYAHKALBI 

410 000034 COME ON THE 

411 148000 THAT'S YOUR LOT 

412 810008 CHANCE BIA 

413 423804 MEAN HALL 

414 120800 HASS LAD 

415 4-11404 JAZETAS 

416 321-212 WELL RIG 
' 417 32002-3 PROHSED 

418 420838 MWCHESlcnjivi rnimi «ri»- awniiM!| u umww ■-»-» — ■» , ■ » » 

419 084002 GAY CAPTAMU Gtoaiiore J BattnB4-8a PRatasm 17 

420 043184 GUERDALE (D) (Avan tedusfttes) N Vigors 482 PCoakl 

423 082210 READY WT (Dl (Us R Tamtam) R Harmon 87-13 D McKay 10 

424 044080 ROHAN BEACH (D) (R Canham) W Musson 87-13 — 3 

420 320822 FLYROME (C-O) (C Somtigatt) P Cuteel 5-7-9 SOmsnpP 

427 030004 FAST SERVICE IPMMra JJadoon) C Hcmnn 7-7-7. — * 

428 300842 TALK OF GLORY (E Gadsden) L Qtttrel 877. 

82 Siyaft Katan. 81 GMerdate. 81 Gay Captain, Indton HaL 81 Promised Me. 

181 Rytiome, Weo Rigged, 181 Las Ares, 181 others. 


Going: good 

Draw: 5t-6f, low numbers best 

23 VICTORIA CLAIMING STAKES (2-y-o: £1,920: 

5f)(13 runners) 

1 0 BLOW FOR HOMED Money 94 AIBrnyA 

2 02 ELBE DOUBLEVOU N CslaghKin 80 

3 424 RtotBEAU C Nalson 9-0 

5 to PANACHE PHastom 812 
9 0 NOMAD P CUidel 8-9 

12 DO PBINY LOYBt P Fflljjate 87 HHtalO 

13 4 STARCU BROOK Rtttotfiead 87 SFMraS 

14 MUSCAL CHORUS GBtasB8_ „AMnday1 

15 0 TUSKS YARD RStwaOw 86 RCodnMlI 

17 30 BALfflUCK (BF1 P Rohan 85 M Wood 12 

19 0 PEGGY’S TTCAStrtEM Britain 8S T Lucas 6 

22 0013 BROOK'S ANSWER (8XD) K Slone 82 P Bate (7) I 

23 0 JUST ENCHAHnNG P Q jmbB 82 AHeGtomS 

81 Baiduck, 7-2 B 80 OauMeyou. 4-1 fVmboau, 82 

Broon's Answer, $-1 Starch Brook. 81 Just Ench an t i ng. 181 

14. 5IYAHKALElf(&-l3) 4th beaten 11KI to BotoiKnicM (81 3) 10 ran. Leicester 71 Btks 
soft Apr 26. KHAN HAL (7-13) 4th beaten i*T to Pennine Wtfc (811) with 
GBJ)fflMLE (7-6)Gth beaten 3K I when note clear nai, and READY WIT (7-7) unptared. 
23 ran. Kampuon 1 m h eap good to firm May 5. WELL RIGGB) (80) 2nd beaten 1 Vil to 
Short Staves (7-13) 12 iwl Thirsk Tm HuntCLp good USOft May ID. PROtUSED ISLE 

(87) 3r d beaten m to Kflkora(9-2) 14 rart. Kamptan 1m 2T h eap good to firm May 5. 
MANCHESTERSKmiAlN latest unptaced on {pound that he does riot toe. Barter (83) 
3rd beaten 21 to FooKsh Touch (7-5) 15 ran. Kompton 61 h'cap good to firm May 8 

□ vurmc t€kJZ\ Ind iMMMt IUIm IU»»T^n nrot'n ^ 

FLYKOME (d-5) 2nd befiien 1KI to Dcnension (B-6) 23 r«a Sandown 1m app’oa H'cap 



501 ATRAYU (D LucfrSmMi) R Hannon 811 RThomaon 5 

502 3 BASK BU^ (Bkxkincek 8 Stud Ura P Wtowyn 811 MdEddanS 

503 4 BERTRADE(mss A RamJng)PMaMi P Cock 9 

506 FRESH THOUGHTS (RBamottJH Candy CA — aaa n l 

508 MDMNULY (Bakh Mahananetfl C BrUate 811 P Robinson 2 

511 USIANTHUS O' Wateman) J Winter __R«taaa3 

513 2 IWB* PF) (tos P Rossriak^ J Wntar 811 — — — WRS**tam4 

514 PERSIAN TAPtSTHY (BktSekl Manor Farms Lid] J Francome 811 Thres 10 

516 02 SLSIB.Y GREAT (J Ueocfc) DDlton 811 .WCanonS 

518 VEVHJk (WOe Burgh) LCunani 811, Pat Eddery 7 

81 Basic Biss. 7-2 Besh Thoughts, 82 Marimba, 81 PBrstan Tapestry. 81 
Surely Great 81 Barvada. 181 Vovte. 12-1 olhera. 

4.10 WALLIS RLLES STAKES (E8.129E 1m) (8) 

601 034408 CHARGE ALONG (0 McMynflJWntor 4-83 

602 000004 PURCHASEPAPE 

604 21128 CHALK STREAM 

605 124 ENTRAI 

608 13820 SWEET 

— JReMS 

5 8 AZUSA M Ryan 80 

11 34 COINAGE R Johnjon Haughtti 94. 


Going: good to firm 

£642: 2m If) (9 runners) 

3 02F3 NWATTASH (BF) M C Ptae 11-5 PLaach 

6 4210 counukMsaiL(p)m 

1812G (tariesnJonaa 

11 0000 GETAWAY R G Frost 1810 C HopuMd m 

14 00 LORD LUCKY N Kantok 1810 — .MYmxoanQ 

16 P TYNAN DC Turner 1810 Mba A Turner (7) 

17 0003 BKAYTEE I P WanSa 18S__ — 

18 RJUffi FLOWER NKamtt 185 GKnigM 

19 P FUDDLE MY LAD M Kernck 185 — Jasttes Ttonar (7) 

20 POO LOCHFAST DR Tucker 185 R Sparta (7) 

Evens Ntnattash. 15-8 Courttanda Girt, 81 Gel Away. 181 

Eksytee.281 athens. 

Devon selections 

By Mandarin 

2.1 5 Court lands Girt 2.45 Holemoor Patrol. 3. 1 5 
Father Mac. 3.45 Pronuplia Bride. 4.15 The Pain 
Barrier. 4.45 Butlers Pel. 

2m If) (10} 

3(411 MnAMRJHatas 812-2 (Bex) C Brown 

4 4401 ATATAK0(D) JO Rotate 

10-11-11 . . 


7 200 FUMUDOrt (C-Dl F T mntar 81813 

r-.:l »1 !■ Ir- 


18 IMF 

PJ Hobbs 8180. PWpHobta 

18104 1 Z__ — 


18 84F RAINBOW BPMKGS □ R Tuctor 8104_. R Sparta (7) 

20 JOOO YANGT5E-KMHG J M Bratofly 8104 G Chartn-Joon 

22 400 CALVBtLEIGHDH Boons 8104 RBMtaaa 

11-4 Akrem, 10830 Matten. 4-1 Hoiemoor ParroL 81 
Rormadok, 181 Laracra Bndge. 181 others. 

2m If) (18) 

3 0014 ROYAL BAIZE JH Baker 8124 (7ek). to L Haney (7) 

8 3103 C8.TCSAGA LG Kauaid 6-11-6- B Powell 

8 0300 LEVMIT WAY WEHshar 811-4 GCtalea-Janet 

10 0001 FA1NBI MAC (UMC Pipe 81 1-3 Punch 

12 0000 LOT MGX DR Tucker 7-1813 — 

13 m2 HLLTJS JUG PRRodtort 81813— NON-RUNNER 

s a sssaessR 

3 S3 

21 mo G W StrtBntAK N H Mitchell 810-5 Mr T MtcftaO (7) 

a nS ^ T— 

30 flm C^WOGE G C Dodge 8180 ^l^f^fSSSS 

31 -WP CHEVmwO WG Tumor 6-1 M Jetaiea Turner^) 


_ S Maria 11 
K Hodgson ID 

__ M8WI9 
D HcXoowa 3 


5 COAST BOY NTWdar 94 

8 mwTRAPPRpiaB94- 




17 to TtoBWTTCTlUSAKBKHnWOlionT^^^^^^ 

IB GYPSTS BARN RAT WHOtan 811 — RMtaaefil 

2-1 Carora Treasure. 7-2 Sarjte# Pwk. 82Thr»3Wjttf.. 81 
Song N'JesL 81 Boy Soger, 181 The Greet Mateh. 12 1 

5.0 ARKSEY HANDICAP (3-y-o: £2,746: im 2f 
50yd) (8) 

1 304 CHARLTON HMGS (USA) R HctoBhead^ ^ j_«p|n (7) 1 

6 820 WEBHAAH (USA) B Ha<Mry 813 iftSSs 

7 -W4 GOOSE WLL M W EastBfby812-_ . K Hodk^u 5 
9 180 SURPRISE CALL Kt M H BKierby 88 — - 

9 104 SURPRISE GALLIC) .. . 

13 040 ON TO GLORY J ~ " n * Km 4 

16 810 DUSTY D«PUtoACY(l«A)WMJ^ w ^^ 

18 084 OB3WL TORES K trory 7 : 7 _„ —J1 Sta gS 

20 008 IUHTK)UE Jirany Rtcgarted 7-7 GCartm(3)3 

11-4 Dustv Dtotomacy. 81 Cheertut Times, 82 Westwin, 
114 GbowMI. M«Sar«on Kings, 81 Surprise Can, 1 ^1 
Manftque- 281 On To Glory. 

12 CORNISH CASTLE MStoute 94 Altatalaylfi 

B Roberta 4 

12 CORNISH CASTLE M Stouts 94 AHtaqu 

SS » B»"paV5Bro=_ T RaS 

22 0 KBIG JACK J Dunlap 80 — 

23 60 KOOIOrS PETE Bdln 94_. 

35 08 WCMAR (USA) R Armstrong 80 

37 0 ROYAL DYNASTY GWragg 94. 

38 84 STAVORDALE H Thomson Jones 80 


53 KATHY W(USA)H Cedi 811 

59 HARCEEB McMahon 811. 

G2 0 M0RGIANAW Musson 811 

63 PEDD’ORM Usher 811 

64 004 OUSN OP SWORDS RHoHnshead 811 Stortte 11 

06 0 SWEDISH PlffllCESSODouMb 811 R Cochrane 1 

82 Kathy W. 81 Coinage. 7-2 Cornish Caste. 81 
Stawrdala, 81 Enaigne. 181 wins 


1 1133 H0LYP0RT VICTORY (P) M (Wto 8180. ^.— — 6 
3 3141 IENWGI (D) N rrtder S87 <5eto —. Btarfl)! 
fi 149 ORYX 1M0R B» S Makar 8812. 

„ M Wood 4 
G Baxter 17 
Mackay 12 
G Sexton 6 


- 1* fi 
SCautfean 13 ■* 


— 7 

fi 149 ORYX 


10 00U MTTteCAL BOY J Fox 881 D„ 

12 440 SPSU IT LASS RChSitexon 4-89 

13 404 HQOOURNES R Woodhouse 4-64 

Leicester selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Bali deck. 2J30 Track MarshalL 3.0 
Framlington Court 3 JO Coinage. 4.0 Oryx 
Minor. 4.30 Bundukeya. 5.0 Brown Thatch. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.0 B Be Doubleyou. 230 Don't Tell Vanessa. 

3.0 Thresh It Oul 3.30 Kathy W. 4.30 
Bundukeya. 5.0 Brown Thatch. 

M ichael Seely's selection: 3.0 THRESH IT OUT 

230 ANSTEY SELL H’CAP (£748: Im 2f) (11) 

4 09-9 TRACK MARSHALL.) 008*884-87,.. JAdama (7)6 

6 oom LITTLE DOME B Presce 4-81 SKakMsy6 

9 444 ST0MEBR0KH1 DHayite Jonas 4-811 TjMd7 

14 0000 RHST ALARM (nPRman 382 — M Wood 2 

15 040 RAVELSTON C Booth 381 —16 

17 008 OORT TELL VAIESSAPHasHan 381 „TW9ban 11 

18 3030 AMPUFYM Brittain 381 AMcQone4 

20 094 ASHRAF D ODomal 87-12 JOten(5)9 

21 MO JULTOWN LAD HBaastoy 87-10 —3 

22 004 MAX CLOWN W Wharton 87-10 AMadkml 

23 044 DAD’S QUmra B Morgan 878 PHR(7)5 

81 Ttack Marshal. 7-2 Stonabrakar. 81 Dcxit Ted 

Vanessa. AmpHy. 81 Raweteton. 181 MaxCkNm. 181 others 

10 FOXTON HANDICAP (3-y-o: £4,963: Im) (10) 

1 244 MAHOGANY RUN MHEmtertar 87 T Uicw 0 

2 124 PALAESTRA (FWJ Dunlop 8/ G Baxter 2 

3 823 THRESH rrOtfTMStoute 85 AKtoMay7 

5 -210 oaMXFSDBJGHT^KA)LPlggotl 

8l2B Cuil a a aa6 

8 133 PEARL FBWER (USA) JFranconie 86^.8 Cautban 10 

9 -314 FRAtoLWGTONCOURT P Wtewyn 87 NHdm3 

10 821 MEET TIE GREEK D Laing87 fcex) JRaidl 

14 040 TQPBtA EXPffiSS (USAffll R Armsvong 7-10 R SM 5 

15 414 ARABUIN BLUES M Usher 7-7- TWHarasS 

IB 422 STANFORD VALE C Netaon 7-7 A Mackay 4 

15 830 GAMBART 

17 02M 

18 0421 PMWD0E 

19 &-W 

20 -000 MASTBl 

H Carter 1 
P Brake (3) 5 
_ J Quinn 12 

B Stoueita 4-84 

Rohan 4-85 — -- 

D Anei 5-8-2 AWMte hn l(3)3 

MrsGRewtey __ 

‘ 22 3412 MR DON (D|F Car 4-7-13 (5a*) —JJtorpttO 

24 008 ARLANKAJ Jenkins 87-ldH P Johnson (3)4 

2-1 Oryx Mteor,81 MenngL 7-2 Mr Uon. 81 PtoMddia. 8 

1 Hoiyparf Victory, 81 Gmrtart. 181 others 

£964: 6f) (15) 

2 BROADWAY STOMP (USA) G Buffer 811„ Q Sexton 2 

3 3 BUNDUKEYA H Thomson Jaies 811 AMorray 15 

5 0 COROFM LASS CTnhlar 811 M Wood 13 

8 FRIVOLOUS FANCY MOanGhaM 811 — A MbGIom 9 


13 D LYNDA BROAD PBragoyne 811 SKwgMtey* 

15 OUR LENAR Boss 811 MMMar3 

16 OUR LUCKY NATIVE (USA) R Armstrong 




19 44 PHLEAm M Ekltteki 811 A Bacon (7) 7 

20 00 PWTAPORYE Bdki811 AMackayM 

21 44 R0UPBJ John FltzGendd 811 T Lucre 6 

22 4 SHUTTLECOCK GWLWJanls 811 — BCodvarell 

25 SY5THBGOG Prachard-Gordon 811 JRaidS 

26 TteteLAW Jams 811 0 Baxter 10 

84 Bundukeya. 81 ShuMaoock GM. 9-2 Ptntefbry. 81 

Rouneii. 13-2 PWleorn, 81 Our Lucky Nathie. 181 others 

a £964: im 2J) (10 

5-2 Meet The Greek. Thresh ft Out 81 R re Mre w n Court. 
81 Sanford Vale. 7-1 Peart Fisher. 81 Arabian Blues. 181 

330 GROBY MAIDEN STAKES (Dtvt 3-y-o: ES64: 
Im 2f) (17) 

L Janes (Mil £\ 
AHcG0omT6 ' 

R Cocteaus 12 

. NCnmthorfi 
J Retd 5 

4 3 BR OWN T HATCH H Gaol 80-- 

14 0060 EASTERN PLAYER O LUig 80 


21 03 IS BBJLO RISA) L Crananj 90 

32 3400 POROBOYCN Wtoans94-. 

36 888 HIVER GAMBLBt J StodtfeSO 


43 400 TURMERIC DUOriey 

44 00 AUNT ETTY J Francome 811 

47 EYE SIGHT R Johnson Houghton 811 

48 fflW KISS J Dlitop 811 

56 0 LEANDHTS PEARL J Old 811 

ffl « S 0-11. 

65 8 STOP THE CLOCK MBtnsftard 811 

70 oou VTTRYC James 811 

4- 5 Brawn Thatch. 7-2 Is Beto, 81 Mntessana Danow. 18 
2 VBry. 81 Pore Boy, 181 Otters 

34 MR) FAIRY DEAN DNCarw 8100 — 

38 OPto STORMY KESTRH. L wanna 81(ML~ tos J Haitawa 

37 3000 GREY TORNADO TKaenor 8180 M Yeoman (7) 

81 Father Mac. 82 Royal Baize, 81 Celtic Saga. 81 Fa 
the Jug. 81 Americk. 181 Levant Way, 12-1 othara. 

(£540: 2m If) (10) 

4 0000 COtKHTS ROCK (C-D) D R Tucker 811-7. R Sparira (7) 

5 033 ASMM KATUEEN P J MflMn 811-6. G Cfaortes-Jones 

6 W10 T8PALLtS?AHI-M0tI (D) M C Pipe 811-5 P Leach 



13 0000 SHARAZOUR Mrs S Roberts 81813 _7~ 

14 -400 MODERN MAN J M Brafltey 81813 BPoml 

17 0F30 PROMJPT1A BRfflE D J WmJe 

81 813 Dee Taafcarianm 
IB OPOF GALLVIMA Mre A Tucker 81813 G KtooMe 

19 SEASONHJEMBEB(B)JMBraraey5-1813DTeS (7) 

20 pan CLEVER AHGl£ (USA) (BJBFtorrey 81813. CB^wn 

82 TW»afflkarf-MoiJ. 11-4 Ag»n Kathleen. 81 Ctever 
Angle. 81 Conor's Rock. 81 Vivre Pour VSvre. 1 2-1 others. 

(Amateurs: £1,086: 3m If) (13) 

J «a C OToolefTJ 

3 1U1F THE PAM BARRER (D^ff) O Sherwood 

8 FV0 RA8HLEKMBOYHJWmcc^t^* ,teAL8,,9to,1f7) 

9 0P8 BAULKBK3 BYWAY Mta H Wk,dfcombe W 

10 -P9F SKA'S GaSULJ Brooks 811-7 jH^T&redfn 

11 WO- KILLEEN C F Church* 11-11-7 TMtctnSffi 

12 ffi*/ NO UIWTIteV Robertson 7-1 1-7 

13 Pf*- OTER THE BORDER GW Penh*] 1811-7., 

15 -233 PRINCE HLBCMNE R Fter 1811-7 ~G UMDa f71 

16 RON CANELLO R A3Ue 1811-7. HiKSw 

17' /FFF ALXBtTMENT DR Tucker 811-2 

18 ARIZONA BELLE DJKelovr 81 1-3 mrnikre m 

20 P/P SPARTAN MARMBtPO Rogers - ““"•PI 

. , _ 81-T-2S Neighbour (7) 

5- 4 iti® Pam Barrier. 81 Spartan Rambler. 81 Pram 

Mtoome, 181 RasMeigh Boy, 181 others ™ nc8 

HURDLE (£2^13: 2m If) (13) 

31 -W CHEVITWOWG Turner 8180 TnnkaThiinipj 81 «Hd Com. 181 Carsto. 12-1 Rainbow Lady. i*-l ort*^ 

I SS SJ^£5 T p5ffiS 7 -”-»- '•*- 

6 14W WILD COHN W E Fisher 7-11-3 , n mjaTrEwe 

11 3000 RAMBQWlAOT(C47)MCPta81810^PlS5! 
13 0030 PLAZA TORO W & Turner 7-1&6 Tra^T»nram 

15 0001 MY SNWICXnn J Hodges 12-1Q-4 p tond2 

16 -000 MAUWWS Tfr WG Turner 8182. JeastalWm 

17 09M imLOON LADY (C-D) T 6 Helen ’ ’ 

19 332P TONCESS BS (C-O) B Foreey" 5- 

20 2000 CAHADO (BHD) M C Pipe 81(A) _! paS S S 

21 4P0P XASSAK JM N R Mrtehel 181tM).„ u £ rteMin 

25 OPPO MARCH papANGO A South MM ^ 

81 Marsh Khg. 7-2 Butlers Pet. 82 My snb. 81 Morice 

Coarse specialists 


TRABffiRS: M State 38 winners horn 
136 runners. 285%; W Hem, 16 (ran 67, 
23.9%. P Cuidefl, 5 tram 27. 185%. 
JOCKEYS: w Carson. 47 wamers trem 
221 rides, 2i.3°v Pat Eddery. 36 from 
221. 17JZ%:WRSwlnbum,24lromlS1, 


TRMtStSrt. Cumonl. 12 winners from 30 
runners. 40%; H Thomson Jones, 18 from 
78. to.lV Sir Mark Prescot 12 from 59. 

JOCKEYS; R Guest, 10 wtnnerc from 34 
rates. 29.4%. (oitfy two quaffiers) 


TRA9SCB: L Cunaru, 17 wwiere from 64 

nwiere, 313%; W Hem. 32 from 74, 
29.7% W O' Gorman, 1« from 72. 194% 
JOCKEYS: G Starkey, 21 wtonerc from 
12S rides. 16.8% (oray one quafltter) 


TRAINERS: I BaUng, 8 whiners from 36 
runners. l67%;PCcfe.8froni49.ia3% 
R Hannon. 8 from 62. 125%. 

JOCKEYS: no quakflenL 


TRASNERSs H CeriL 33 winners horn 7<i 
nmnera. 44.6% M Stoute. » from 83. 
3gj %JDurfqp. 21 from 86, 34.4% 
JOCKEYS: S Cautten, 20-wmte trem 
H».rid« 185%. (only one £fia ««0 

Blinkered first time 

REDCAIt 2,15 Bdotham Lad, Lk-On- 

230 ^^SSf-an 

A^SSSte 310 K3,8 ' s Pnfl *- 

Today’s point-to-points 


• Tlw Newmarket i ra iner. Mi- 
chad Stoute. has booked Paul 
Eddery lO ride Untold in ife 




Today’s television and radio programmes and Christopher Davalle 





6.00 Ceefax AM. News 

headlines, weather, travel 
and sports buJtetins. 

6-50 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood. Weather at 
«5, 7.25, 7.55, and 
3-55; regional news, 
weather and traffic at&57. 
727, 7J57 and 8u27; 
rational and International 
news at 7.00, 7:30, 8.00, 
&3Q and 9.QQ; sport at 
7.20 and EL20; and a 
review of the 

'S’” . 

nespapers at *37. Pius, 
Lynn Faulds Wood's 
consumer repot; pop 
music news from Steve 
Btachneil; Russell Gram's 
horoscopes; and Anne 
Robinsons tetevtekxi 
choice. The guest is Tlior 

9.20 Bonanza. Hoss faces the 
unfortunate prospect of 
spending the rest of his Rfo 
m prison after being 
arrested by a lawman who 
wants to retire with his 
reputation intact Starring 
Lome Greene, Dan 
Blocker. Michael London 
and Denver Pyla. (r) 10.05 
The Plumps (q 1020 Play 
School presented by Brian 
Jameson with guest, Liz w 


10L4Q Grandstand Introduced by 
Desmond Lynam. The 
Bne-up is: 10.45 and 
approximately 1.10 
Crcckefc England v India. A 
55-overs-a-side Texaco 
Trophy game from Old 
Trafform 1*00 News; &30 
Golf: the final round of the 
Whyte and Mackay PGA 
Championship from 

5.15 News with Moira Stuart. 
Weather &25 Regional 

540 FHnc The WHdcats of St 
Trinian’s (1 980) starring 
Sheila Hancock. Michael 
- - Hordern, Joe Mefia, 

Rodney Bowes, Maureen 
Lipman and Thodey 
Walters. The pupils of St 
Trinian's, now under the 
uncertain tutelage of Olga 
Vandemeer, decide to 
form a trade union of 
British schoolgirls, but one 
school holds out and the 
dirty tricks department 
goes into fuH operation to 
make them change their 
minds. Directed by Frank 

7.00 Wogan. The guests 

Include Twiggy and Gary 
Kasparov, wttn music from 
Joe Jackson. 

7.40 The Guinness Book of 
Records HaB of Fame 
presented by David frost 
and Norris McWhirtsr. 
Before an invited celebrity 
audience, the first six to 
receive a Gold Award in 
recognition of their entry 
Into me HaH of Fame. They 
are Paul McCartney, the 
most successful 
songwriter of aU time; 
Biltie-Jean King, the holder 
of the highest number of 
Wimbledon titles; Vesna 
Vulovic, a Yugoslav 
airhostess who survived . 
the world's tongest fall, 
without a parachute; 
Joseph Kittenger.^i 
American Air Force _ 

~~ ’ captain Whoperforined 
• the longest delayed 

parachute drop; Vernon 
Craig who walks on the 
hottest coals; and Sir 
Ranulph Fiennes, the 
explorer. The special 
guest Is Marti webb. 

8.55 The Russ Abbot Show. 

The comedSan's first show 
for the BBC. His guests 
Include Us Dennis, Bella 
Emberg and Maggie 


&30 News with Moira Stuart 

9.50 Moonfighting. A feature 
length episode Introducing 
a new American romantic 
comedy series about Los 
Angetes's most ■ 
mismatched private 

11.20 SiHnmer of 66. John 
Motson introduces 
htafifights of the 1988 
World Cup games 
between Russia and 
Hungary, and West 
Germany and Uruguay. 
Plus a profile of Roger 

11.55 Weather. 


7.00 The Wide Awake ctab 
BankHofidaySpeeteL - 
Celebrities with their pets, 
Pippin the performing dog,' 
and some rather unusual 
pets are featured this 
morning. There is music 
from Owen Paul and 
. dance from students of the 
London Contemporary 
Dance Theatre. News at 
. 7M and SJXfc weather at 


925 Watt Disney Pres en t s . 
Two cartoons. 

9£5 FhK Legend of the 
■ Golden Prince (1973). A 
Russian-made adventum. 

based on a poem tv 
Pushkin, about a 
kidnapped bride, good and 
bad magidans, and the 
four warriors who come to 
her rescue. Directed by 
Alexander Ptouchko. 

11.00 Doug Henning’s World of 
Magic. A showcase of the 
talented magician's skMs, 
introduced by Glen 
Campbell, (r) 

12.00 Gymnastic*. Thames 
Television's Junior 
Gymnast of the Year 
compets'Jon. Two Winners. 
one from eight boys under 
16, another from eight 
girls under 13, wffl receive 
a month's scholarship of 
intensive coaching at the 
celebrated Vladimir 

School naar 

1XO News 

1.05 The Merrie Melodies 
Show. Three cartoons. 

1.35 FHm: Goal! World Cv> 
1986 (1967) A 
documentary charting 
England's tnumph in the 
1966 World Cup, with 
magnificent dose-up and 
slow motfon camerawork. 
Directed byAbidine Dino 
and Ross ue vanish. 

330 Athletics. The HFK UK 
Championships from • 
Cwmbran. The 
commentary team of Alan 
Pany and Peter Matthews 
Is joined by Lynn Davies 
and Steve Ovett. 

5.00 News. 

5.05 Sheet Hawk. Jesse Mach 
foils a convoluted 
assassination plot 

6.05 Crossroads. Anna-Marie 
Is given the brush-off by 
Barry while Nicole 
demands an apology from 
the other Jimmy White. 

630 Whafs My Line? Ernie 
Wise, JJHy Cooper, 

Barbara Kelly and 
Gate try to guess the 
occupations. Presented by 
Eamomr Andrews. 

730 Native Watch. Julian 

Pettiter meets Alteon Jolty 
on Madagascar where she 
has been studying lemurs 
in their threatened 
isolation. The last In the 
' series. (Grade} 

730 Coronation Street Hilda's 
back from her Torquay 
hofiday. Will she find out 
what has been going on in 
her absence? (Grade) 

830 Film: Live and Let Die 

. _ Ri 

re, in his 

Bond rote^Yaphet Kotto, 
Jane Seymourartd David ' 
Hecfison. In this adventure 
Bondcpapptes with the evil 
Dr Kanaga and. dailies with 
the beautiful Sofitaire. 
Directed by Guy Hamilton. 

10.10 Nmrs. 

1035 Minder: Birdman of 

Wo rmwood Scrubs. When 
Ernie Roberts Is released 
from prison after serving a 
14 year sentence for his 
part in a bank robbery, he 
comes to Arthur for 
assistance. The loot had 
been deposited in another 
bank and has been 
accruing Interest over the 
Ernie needs a car, a 
rig loan, and a 
minder until he- collects the 
cash. Can Arthur help, hi 
exchange for a 
re numeration, of course. 

1130 Kenny 



r. A documentary 
of the Liverpool 
iB player/manager 


Kenny Dalglish. 
1235 Night Thoughts. 

(BBC1, 8.05pm) is one of those 
programmes that If you do 
not possess the appropriate 
scientific knowledge and 
attitude it is apt to blow the mind. 
Perhaps it will blow the mind 
anyway. The latest offering in the 
consistently excellent 
Horizon series, it takes us out 
into the far reaches of toe 
solar system and reports the 
latest evidence about the 
planet Uranus, as contained in 
pictures sent back by the 
American spacecraft, Voyager 2. 
Invisible to the naked eye. 
Uranus was first spotted by the 
astronomer Herscnel in 1781 
but only hi the last 40 years have 
scientists reafly managed to 
penetrate its mysteries. The 
programme emphasises that 
Uranus is not a single entity but a 
system of planet, moons and 

rings. The innermost moon, 
Miranda, has giant diffs of 
ice. twice as high as Everest The 
most intriguing feature of 
Uranus is that rf is fitted and 
spins round at an angle, 
possibly as a result of being 
struck by another planet 
mdUons of years ago, 

• LORD SHINWELL gave his 
last television interview for the 
series, Things 

(BBC2. 8.55pm), launched as a 
sort of television Desert 
Island Discs by the late Roy 
Ptomtey and now hosted by 
Richard Baker. Baker seems 
needlessly deferential to a 
man who even at 101 was well 
able to fight his comer, but 
there are worthwhile nuggets. It 

emerges that Lord Shin well's 
favounte reading in his later 
years was the written 
answers in Hansard, and among 
bs favourite meals the bowl 
of porridge he would cook for 
himseft in the small hours of 
the morning whan he was unable 
to steep. 

BEAST (Radio 4, 8.15pm) is a play 
by Hanam Tennyson about 
the strange, fitful but profound 
relationship between two 
American writers, Henry James 
and Constance Fenimore 
Wooison. For 14 years they met 
and corresponded, with an 
affection much stronger on her 
side than his, as emerged 
with her suicide in 1894. He later 
drew on the episode for his 
story. The Beast in the Jungle. 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2 

635 Open University; Maths - 
_ Calculus. Ends at 73a 
930 Ceefax. 

1030 You and Me. A series for 
four- and five-year olds, (r) 
10.12 Ceefax. 

1.55 Ftax A Challenge for 

Robin Hood 


the old legend about 

great and the good Robin 
sent into outlaw exile in 
Sherwood Forest by his 
sin. Mr 

scheming cousin. 

Ingham is no Errol Rynn 
but seems to enjoy this 
romp along with James 
Hayter who is a natural 
Friar Tuck. Directed by C. 
Pennington-Rich ards . 

330 International One-day 
Cricket continued from 
BBC 1. The 55-overs-a- 
side Texaco Trophy match 
at Old Trafford between 
England and India, 
introduced by Peter West 
The commentators are 
Richie Benaud and Tony 

735 Cartoon Two. 

735 Wakrwrigtxt-. On the 

Pennine Way. 

a section of the Pennine ‘ 
Way from Wynch Bridge In 
Teesdale to Gow Green 
Reservoir, 2,700 feet up in 
the Pennines. (First shown 
in BBC North East) 

8.05 Horizon: Uranus 
Encounter. A 
documentary about the 
Voyager 2 probe to 
Uranus, a planet two 
billion mites from Earth 
and 50 times the size of 
our planet The 
spacecraft's exploration of 
the planet is all the more 
remarkable because it is 
only the latest probe of a 
senes that began when ft 
was launched nine years 
ago and Is programmed to 
reach Neptune in three > 
years time, (see Choice) 
835 LoRfShnweiL The last 
television Interview given 
by the veteran Labour 
politician- fti his small St 
John's Wood apartment 
he talks to Richard Baker 
about his life and the 
people he has known, (see 

935 Naked Video. Another 
edition of the alternative 
comedy series starring 
Helen Lederer, Ron Bain, 
Gregor Fisher, Andy Grey, 

• Tony Roper, Baine C 
Smith, John Sparkes and 
Jonathan Watson. 


930 Just Another Day. John 
Pitman joins the 
passengers on the 
Townsend Thoresen cross 
channel terry, Pride of 
Free Enterprise, for a day 
trip to France from Dover, 
(r) (Ceefax) 

1030 kitarnotionai One-day 
Cricket Highlights of the 
Texaco Trophy match at 
Old Trafford between 
England and India, 
Introduced by Peter West 
11.10 International Golf. 
Highlights of the final 
round s play in the Whyte 
and Mackay PGA 
Championship from 
Wentworth, introduced by 
Harry Carpenter. 


Open University: 

Marketing the Micro. Ends 
at 1235. 




1.15 Channel 4 Racing from 
Sandmen Park. The 
the I 
Henry H 

the Sears temple 
(230k and the 
SeffridgesWtrftsun i 
Stakes (3X 
330 FfiireThe r 

the Pirate (1944) starring 
Bob Hope and Virginia 
Mayo. A comedy with 


i actor 

Ann to the West Incites. He 
boasts about his acting 
and his bravery to a fellow 
passenger, a princess in 
disguise, but soon teams 

to^Stfwbcatonfte 83 
Spanish Main. Directed by 
David Butter. 

530 Countdown. The first 
quarterfinal The number 
one seed, David Trace 
from Birkenhead, meets 
Anne Tipp from 
Hartlepool, the number 
eight seed. 

530 Let's Perfez Franglate. in 
Le Magasin de Sportskrt 
Martin Jarvis buys an 
unusual jogging suit from 
Stacy DomingfLe Sailing 
finds veteran sailor Victor 
Spinetti trying to motivate 
Dawn Adams and Ben 
Taylor; Au Supermarket 
Check-Out sees cashiers 
Sandra Dickinson and 
Patricia Brake, appraising 
the purchases of Leslie 
Crowtfter. (r) 

5.45 An Engfish man’s Home. 
Jill Cochrane teams the 
history of Uppark, an 18th 

- National Trust 
administrator of the 
property, John Eyre. 

830 Monkton- A Surrealist 
Dream. A documentary 
about Monkton House, the 
Sussex dream home of 
millionaire eccentric, 
Edward James, due to go 
under the auctioneer's 
hammer next month. 

730 News summary and 

weather foflowcKl by After 
the Dream. A programme 
that foBows the fortunes of 
the four men selected to 

- -be Britairi's first -- • • 


830 Brookskie. Heather and 
Nicholas reveal their 
wedding plans. 

830 Kate arid Alfa. Comedy 
series about two ok] 
friends who decide to face 
single parenthood 

930 St Elsewhere. A 

maintenance man of 33 
years standing at St 
EEgius discovers that he 
has asbestiosis. 

935 4 Minutes: Off to the 
Ware. The second of the 
mini films designed to 
bring to the fore writers 
new to television. 

1030 Open the Box: Real 
People. This second 
programme in the 
documentary series 
analyzing contemporary 
television follows one of 
the Price Is Right 
contestants; and a 
television crew 
interviewing victims of a 

1035 The Eleventh Hour Super 
8 Ftens. A selection of 
three 8mm ffims. Ends at 

( Radio 4 _ J_) 

5.55 amShipping 630 News 
Briefing: Weather 6.10 
Farming Week 635 Prayer 
tor the Day (s) 

630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

830 News Summary 
635, 735 Weather f.DO, 830 
Today's News 735, 025 
Sport 735 Thought tor the 

835 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews. 

833 Penge Papers. The 
confessions of an 
unwaged metropofitan 
housenusband. Written 
and read by Brian Wright (if 
837 Weather; Travel 

930 News 

935 Funny You Should Sing 
That Jemmy Nicholas 
with a selection of comic 
songs devoted to love. 

1030 News: Money Box. 

Financial advea wtth 
Louise Bottmg. 

1030 Morning Story: The Old 
Eternal, by H E Bates. 
Reader: Mary Wimbush. 

10.45 DaHy Service. New every 
morning, page 118 (s) 

1130 News: Travel; Indian 
Tales of the Raj. Last in 
senes of what Indians 
thought of the British and 
thetr legacies. Imperial 
Hangover. Narrated by 

1133 Something in the Air. Jan 
Devitt investigates fears 
that when two apparently 
safe substances are 
emitted from factory 
chimneys they may 
combine to produce a deadly 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer programme. 
Indudes a report on how 
easy it is for us to enjoy 
the sport of our choice. 

1237 The Spy who came In 
from the cold by John le 
Carre. Part 5 of six (s) 

1235 Weather 

1.00 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers 135 

230 News; Woman's Hour. 
Indudes part one of 
Among the Quiet Folks, by 
i Paton. 


330 News; The Afternoon 
Play: Dandy Dick, by 
Arthur Wmg Pinero. With 
Nigel Stock. Pa trida 
Routtedge and Alec 

430 Kaleidoscope (last 
Friday's edition 

530 PM: News magazine 530 
Shipping 535 weather 
630 News 

i John 

630 The News Quiz (new 
series) Richard Ingrams 
of Private Eye and Alan 
Coren of Punch do battle 
over topics in this week's 

7.00 News 

735 The Archers 

730 On Your Farm 

735 Science Now. Peter 

Evans reviews 
discoveries and 

8.15 The Monday Play: The 
Spnng of the Beast, by 
HaHem Tennyson. With . 
Rowe and Marian 
Diamond (s) 

9.45 Kaleidoscope, includes a 
visit to the Sussex 
Farmhouse, Charleston, 
spiritual home of the 
Bloomsbury Group. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Girl In His Past by 
Geor ges St me non (8) 
Reader Gavin 
Campbefl.iOLS) weather 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 Playing the Scottish 
Cara. James Naugritie. 
chief pohocal correspondent 
of The Guardian, looks at 
the development of the 
Scottish Office, which 

last year celebrated its 

12.00 News: Weather 1233 


VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5J5&630ara Weather; 
Travel 135-Z00pm 
Listening Comer 530-535 
PM (continued) 1130- 
12.10am Open University 
1130 Arts: Fact and Value 
1130 A Modal of Despotism 

( Radio 3 ) 

635 Weather 730 News 

735 Morning Concert Mozart 
(March in D, K335 No 1), 
Beethoven (Sonata in F. Op 
5 No l: Yo-Yo Ma.ceflo, 
and Emanuel Ax, piano). 
Vivaldi (Concerto in F, RV 
485). Schubert (BaHet Musk: 
No 2, Rosamunds). 

830 News 

835 Ame (Symphony No 2, in 
F), Fibtch (Symphonic 
Poem: Spring, Op 13), 

Britten, arr Bedford 
(Death in Venice). 930 News 

935 This Week's Composer 
Haydn. Esterttaza (1779- 
81). Sonata in C(H XVI 35). 
Solomon (piano); String 
Quartet in B minor, Op 33 No 
1: Weller Quartet 
Symphony No 70, in D. 

1030 Royal Liverpool 

Ptwharmomc Orchestra, 
oond Groves. Elgar's 
Spanish Serenade and 
Bridge's Rhapsody: Enter 

10.30 Schubert Sonata m a 
minor (D 845). Ed>tn 
vogel (piano). 

11.40 -730 (VhF only). Cncher. 
England v India. Uve 
commentary from Old 
Trafford. ind 1.05 News. 

11.10 BBC PhUharmonx: 
Orchestra, cond 
Bernhard Klee. Gyorgy Pauk 
(viotin). Mozans Piano 
Concerto Nl 5, in A major (K 
219). 11.40 Interval 
reeding. 1135 Bruckner's 
Symphony No 7. In E 
major. l3o News 
135 Bath International 

Festival 1986, Live relay. 
Nash Ensembe plays uli 
Boulanger’s D un matin 
de primemps; Dun sotr 
tnste: Cortege; and 
Beethoven's Piano Trio in D, 

S 3 70 Not (The Ghost). 

usie Weekly, 
introduced by Michael 

2.45 New Records. Vaughan 
Williams (Overture: 

Henry V. London Brass 
Vlrtuoisi), Walton 
(Belshazzar's Feast 
RPO/Pravm and Brighton 
Festival Chorus), HoweBs (In 
Gloucestershire: String 
Quartet No 3). Somervell 
(Five songs from A 

i lad), Elgar 

(Variations on an original 
theme: Enigma. With 
LPO/Mackerras. 435 

5.00 Veronica McSwiney 
(piano) plays Mozart's 
Sonata m a major (K 331) 
and Debussy's 

540 Richard Tauber. Records 
by the Ausman-bom 

625 Music for Organ. Robert 
Woolley plays In notmnes 
by Taverner, Blithe man, 
Byrd, Bull and Tomlins 
on an organ built ki 1680 by 
Thomas Dallam. 

7.00 Interpretations on 
Record. Comparing 
recorded performances ol 
Strauss's Em 

830 Hom6o ef JuMette. Serge 
Baudo leads the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra and 
BBC singers In Berlioz's 
dramatic symphony, sung m 
French. With Sarah 
Walker. Kim Begley and 
Jules Bastin. 

9.45 Between Dark and Dawn. 
Anthology of poetry on 
the theme of dreams. 

1030 Jazz Today. Featuring 
the Howard Britz 

11.00 Respighi and his 

Contemporaries. Marilyn 
de Bbeck (mezzo-soprano). 
Paul Hamourger (piano), 
Helen Krizos ana Peter Noka 
(pianos). Songs and 
music tor two pianos by 
Maiipiero. Respighi, 

Pizzetti and Casella. 

11.57 News. 1230 Closedown. 
VHF only: Open 
University. From 6.35- 
6.55am. Genesis of 
British Beat 1 

Richard Ingrams, Radio 4, 6J0 

NewS <-*' "vnJ - • • 

then 3.S0 a vi houny n- r ■ 

Headlines 5.30am, 630, l JO 

and 730. Sports Desks i 57pm, 
935. Cricket Scoreboard 

4,00am Charles Nove (si 5.30 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 1030 Sing Something 
Disney. Favourite songs from Walt 
Disney films te) 1 130 Gloria 
Hunniforcl in Disney World (s) 1 30 
The Grumt Ho w o o d s' Spring 

Special 230 Sport on 2 Bank 
Hoftflay Special. Inducting: 
ATHLETICS: UK Championships at 
Cwmbran; GOLF: The Whyte 
and Mackay PGA Champonship; 
RACING from Sandown Park; 

CRICKET: England v India at 
jy; TENNIS: The 

i. 630 

Headmaley; 1 
French Open Cha 
EngieOen Humperdinck m 
Concert (s) 730 Alan Dell with 
Dance Band Days, and at 730 
Big Bfrnd Era (S) 830 Big Band 
Special (s) 930 Humphrey 
Lyttelton with the Best of Jazz on 
record (s) 9.55 Sports Desk 
1030 Some of these days. Panel 
quiz game. 1030 Star Sound. 

Nick Jackson with your sound track 
requests. 1130 Joan Bakewelt 
presents Round Midnight (stereo 
from midnight) 130am Peter 
Dickson presents Nightride (s) 
330-430 A Little Night Music 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half hour from 
630am until 930pm and at 12.00 

530am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smite's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates s Mammoth Ma>i 
Coach Drive 1230 Newsbeat wrfn 
Janet Trewm 1235 Simon 
Mayo 2.00 Bruno Brookes 
Compact Disc Jockey. A non- 
sloo music show entirely on 
compact disc (s) 4.30 In 
Concert featuring UB40 (s) 530 
Newsbeat with Jane Markham 
(s) 535 Mike Read (s) 730 Andy 
Kersnaw 10.00-1230 John Peei 
(s) VHF Radios 1 & 2 43Cetn As 
Radio 2. 2.00pm As Radio 
1 .630 As Radio 2. 1030 a : Ra c<c 
1. 12.00-4.00am As Rathe C 


6.00 Newumk 6.30 The* 7.00 hws 

7.09 T*fe*wv-Pouf H«W*t 7 -JO 3 

Co m p»*’v 6 00 N*w<8 9 09 A-;-*s * 1 j 

Tne hmi oi rv Day 6.30 •• . : -r-; 

9.00 9 M Renew ’ - r • v 

Prass 9.15 Good Bor.ui s .= 

9 40 Loo* A^ead 9 45 t—. ■ :r 

10.00 News 10JJ1 The : >. 

11.09 News AQout 1 

me Pam II 30 Album • . . . - • 

Newsieel 12.15 Bnwi ji & - 

1245 Sports RoiAHjO 1 00 . I U9 

Twenty-Four Hours 130 -~n ■* 

Victorian Song book 200 Oun< ► i «S 
The Man on me Tetepwe 3 Oo 
Newsreel 215 The KGB 245 w>wi > New 
430 News 4.09 Comments iv 4 iS wny I 
Am An Atheist 430 Guitar Intenurw 5.45 
Snorts Round-up 7.45 Paaote s '.fwe 
200 News 839 Twenty-Four Ho.,' - 8 30 
Snorts bnemational 930 Nf—s 90 T 
Network UK 215 Gmtar imt^ucw 4 30 
Countenxwit 1030 News 1C.L8 T*>e 
Work! Today 1225 Book Ovnu> 1130 
7hrough My Wrtdow t0.*0 Ren, 

1245 Soons Round-t4>ll 00 New, *109 
Co m ment a ry 11.15 Why i Am ao 
1130 Bran Of Bntain 1386 12.30 N-ws 
1209 News About Britan 12.-S ^*w 
Newsreel 1230SBran ana Cun bon, i.oo 
News 131 Outkxm 130 Snon Skt. 1 45 
Why I Am An Atheist 200 News 2 09 
Review of the Bmsn Ptess 215 Network 
UK 230 Sports international 300 News 
209 News About Brrom 215 The Work! 
Today 4.45 Through My Wmoow 435 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:t053kHzy2B5m;1089kHz/275rTr. Radio 2: G93kHz/433m; 909kH/433m: Rarfipl- 1 21 5kHz/247m: VHF -90-' 
1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1152kHz/261m; VHF 973; Capital: 154dkHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 

92S; Radio 4:200kHz 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Senrfco MF 648KHz/463m. 

DDpI WALES 53Spm-530 
pp%# 1 Wates Today I130~1210am 
Gala Concert 1210-1235 Summer of 
66 1245-1250 News and weatearSCOT- 
LAND 535pm-530 The Scottish 
News NORlMEIW IRELAND 535pm-5J0 
Normem Ireland News 1135-1230 
News and weather ENGLAND 5J5pm- 
530 London & SE — London Plus; 
South-west - SportghL All other Engfteh 
regions - Regional News 


Beach Patrol (Robm Strand) 1025- 
1135 The Sweeney 12JSam Ctosodcwn, 
Central Jobhnber. 

TUC As London except 535pm- 
JJLs 630 Ffcru GorgcKB« Travers) 
1235am Company. Ctosadown. 

1235am Company, 


Sorgo (Bn Travers) 1225am 


ANGU A^ra Fam 

535-930 Ch ps 10i» The Sweeney 
1235am Teling the Truth. Ctosadown. 

04/* Starts 1245pm Countdown 
SEE£. 1.15 Racmg from Sandown 215 
FVm: Road to Morocco (Bmg Crosby) 
445 Cm COCOS 530 Lloer-ig S30 Fern: 
Remember Last Nghtphrard Ar- 
nold) 730 Newyddion Smth 7.15 Nason 
Roc O'r Urttt 215 Ar y Crsnou 936 
Syr Itan ab Owen Edwmds 1035 Cheers 
1035 Country Matters 1235am 


r ,B4I Ti 


KTV WALES: No variattoa 


Emmerdsle Farm 52&630 Fsfl Guy 
1035 The Sweeney 113S l am tne 
Blues . .WiM Boon 1225am 


Gorge (B3 Travers) 630-730 To- 
morrow TaBong 1025 Hunter 1130 Ken- 
ny 1230am Closedown. 


Flm; Stunts UnUrntted lt»-1135 
The Sweeney 1235am Closedown. 


FSm: Anne 0> the Indms 1035 Kenny 
1130 V 1220am Meotatxms, 

630 Good Eversng Ulster 1235am 
News. Closedown. 



Argonauts 205 EnnwnHi r r m 
535 Crossroads 200-930 Sorjno^ 
News ana Scotland Today 10 25 
Crime Desk 1030 in Concert Da>e 
Brubek A tne SnO 1 f 30 V 1 230 am 
Lam Cal 1295 Cuseoowti. 

TQM# As LondOn except 535pm 
1S1L tsw News 537 Crossroads 
530 CendKi Camera 630430 
Emmerdole Farm l03S-H35Qumcy 
1230am PostscnoL Ctoseoown. 

border aagiSscHg, 

Road 1035 The Sweeney 1235am 

» -12 
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Reflections 200 News 209 Twenty-Four 
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6 7-30 PHHJ8TTNES. Book 
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Croup Salta 930 6123 

JAN 1987. 

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Award Winning Comedy 


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6123 P H U T CALL Z4HR 7 DAY I 
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: und 



MONDAY MAY 26 1986 

Mansell wins 
after falter 
on last bend 

From John Blansden 

Nigd Mansell tbougbt he 
bad consumed the last drop of 
fuel in his Canon Will&ms- 
Honda here yesterday, to beat 
Ayrton Senna's Renault- 
powered JPS Lotus to the line 
in the Belgian Grand Prix and 
score the third world champi- 
onship race victory of his 
career. His engine bad faltered 
on the final corner and he was 
convinced that it was sucking 
nothing but air. although a 
post-race examination re- 
vealed that there were still 
about two gallons left in the 

Senna, too, had to conserve 
his remaining fuel over the 
last few laps and he all but ran 
out in beating the Ferraris of 
Stefhn Johansson and Michele 
Alboreto into third and fourth 
places — the best result for a 
long time for the Italian team 
and one which follows their 
switch to Garrett turbo- 

Like most drivers. Mansell 
had to spend much of the race 
fighting understeer, and on 
only the fifth of the race's 43 
laps he came close to dropping 
oul "I left my braking loo late 
for the chicane, hit the kerb 
hard as I turned in. bounced 
into the air and fora moment I 
thought 1 was heading for the 

and both Alain Pros! and 
Patrick Tam bay were unable 
to avoid his stationary 

Frost limped bis Marlboro 
McLaren back to the pits for a 
new nose section and climbed 
back to finish sixth behind 
isiSzT Barclay attows-bmw. 4i laps: Jacques Laffite s Ligier, mid 
TO.Gaaw(Au^Boiwian^^^ Berger was tenth, but 

laps; 11. AJonas^ Au ^LBla-Fflni. 40^18 e - - - - 

RESULTS: 1. N ManseH (Gffl. Canon 
WHfem^Honda. « laps. Ihr 27m*i 
57928566. 12&48rwtfelTAJ SaniwJBr). 



Fabtt (it). BenuHon- 

BMW, 42 bps; 8. R Patrese (TO, OBvett 
BraWiaro-BMW. 42 laps: 9, M Surer 

it (SwA Ferrari 1 

. . d (TO. FWan, Ifl 
Laffita (FrL uSer-ttonault. 1 
Proa (Frt, Marlboro 
1.30:15.897: 7. T W 

(not runmna 
Data General 

12, P Strarff 


jneradiyreB-ranautt, 40bps; 1&J 

Driven; 1. Senna ZSpts: 2, Prost 23; 3. 

.Piquet. 15:5.; 
a Johansson andUftta. 7; 8. Barger. G: 

Manse#. 18; 4, 1 

9. Amove. 5; ia Atooretn. 3; 11. equal 
Fata and Bninde. 2; 13. Patrese. 1. 
Construcsora: 1. McLaran-TAG. 34pts 2. 
WBtem&+tonfla, 33; 3. LcrSi^Renai*. 25; 
a. Ugor-Renatat. 12; S. Forran. 10: & 

Brabham- BMW. 1. 

barrier. But 1 managed to spin 
the car without hitting any- 
thing and got away again after 
losing about 10 seconds and a 
couple of places.” 

Mansell went into the lead 
after the mid-race tyre-chang- 
mg pitstop and his success has 
come on the circuit where last 
year he finished a fighting 
second to prove that his first 
Grand Prix win was not far 
away; it came at the very next 
race at Brands Hatch. 

The difficulty of negotiating 
a tight corner seconds after the 
start once again took its toll 
Gerhard Beiger, second fastest 
in practice, ended up sideways 
on in the middle of the corner 

Tam bay’s Ford-powered 
Team Haas Lola had to be 
abandoned on the spot with a 
broken left front wheel His 
team partner, Alan Jones, also 
failed to finis h after seeming 
to be set for seventh place in 
the dosing laps. 

Johnny Dumfries managed 
to avoid the traffic jam at the 
first corner and quickly settled 
into a promising fifth place 
with the second JPS Lotus, but 
on the fifteenth lap, when 
lying fourth, he slid off the 
track and a stone holed an oil 
radiator. Martin Bnmcfie also 
worked his way into a point- 
earning position at one stage, 
but his Data General Tyrrell 
was eliminated with a gearbox 
problem, while Jonathan 
Palmer was the last of the 

Mansell’s victory has hoist- 
ed him into third place in the 
world championship, which is 
now headed by Ayrton Senna. 
There are now five drivers 
from three different teams 
battling it out at the top 


England mislay the zeal they 
need to produce their best 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

The idea that all would be 
well with England's cricketers 
once they got away from the 
West Indies was not advanced 
on Saturday when India won 
the first of the two Texaco 
Trophy internationals by nine 
wickets. It was England's 
worst defeat in one-day crick- 
et- Indeed, not since Australia 
bowled them out for 52 in 
1948 had they been seen to 
less advantage at the Oval 

So, this morning anyway, 
there is no cheering news. Of 
the three members of 
Saturday's England side not to 
have been in the Caribbean, 
only Pringle did much good. 
Fowler’s 20 in 22 overs at the 
start of the match was no help 
at all, and in spite of taking a 
wicket with his first ball Diiley 
(11-0-53-1) made a disappoint- 
ing return. For the second 
game today something better 
might come of Gower going in 
with Gooch and Athey bung 
brought into the middle order. 

Saturday's match bore an 
unhappy resemblance to the 
last of the one-day games in 
the West Indies, when En- 
gland, having been put in, 
managed only 1 65 for nine (in 
47 overs) and were beaten by 
eight wickets. Now, in 55 
overs, they scraped together 
162, having also been put in, 
and India, like West Indies, 
won in a canter. 

Where Haynes, Richardson 
and Richards batted at their 
ease in Trinidad it was now 
Gavaskar and Azharuddin, 
the old maestro and the young 
master, who had only to wait 
for any lapse in line and length 
to prosper. After six overs 
India were 14 for one; after 10, 
some lovely leg-side strokes 



G A Goodh c Azftaruddfi b Sftwma _ 30 

G Fowler rui out — — 20 

MW Getting cKaol Dev bShastri — 27 

"D I Gower c KspliDev b Shastri 0 

A J Lamb c KapHOev b Maninder 0 

□ R Pnngte c Azftarixttn b Shamta - 28 
tPR Downturn c Atfwrudiin b Bamy _ 4 

R M EMstm c and b Binny 10 

•JEBnbureynfflaut 20 

GR May c Panda bSbarrna 8 

LB Taylor not out — — — 1 

Extras lb 1, to 10. w 3.1*2) . 

Total (55 overs) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-54, 2-67, 3-67. 4- 
70. 5-102, 6-115, 7-131, 8-138, 9-151. 10- 

BOWLING: Kapi Devil -1-32-0; Blraiy 11- 
2-38-2; Sharma 11-2-25-3; Manlnder fl-1- 
31-1; Shastri 11-0-25-2. 


K SrtMwrtti c Dowirton b DSey 0 

SM Gavaskar not out _ — 65 

M Aztnruddta not out — 83 

Extras Ob 9. w 4, nb 2) 15 

Total (1 wkt, 47.2 aware) — 163 


D B Vengswkar. S M PaS. R J Shastri. 
•Kapl Daw. tC Pare*. Chatan Sharma. R 
M HBtnny, Mmdsr Singh cM not bat 

BOWLING: Dfloy 11-063-1: Taytor 7-1- 
300: Prtngfe 82-4-2M; Bison 16-1-38-0; 
Emburay 11-2-150. 

Umpires: D R Shepherd and A G T 

had taken them to 50 for one, 
and that was that. 

Things are really moving at 
the Oval and there was a full 
house there to enjoy the 
improving facilities. They 
must have left at the end of a 
cool but dry day wondering 
where on earth the England 
side bad gone that won the 
Ashes so spiritedly on the 
same ground less than nine 
months ago. Perhaps it is as 
well that England should not 
have come back from the 
West Indies and at once had 
things all their own way. 
There would have been a 
danger, had they done so. to 
have set aside the lessons of 
the winter. 

Wtaal England's cricket 
lacked on Saturday was spunk, 
and it is no good putting that 
down to Botham's absence 



The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

Base Rate 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
announces that with effect 
from dose of business 
on 27 May 1986 
its Base Rate for advances 
will be reduced from 10%% 
to 10% per annum. 

H* KaaHbnkofSanlud Am 

BrCMcnrfin decrial N* UW2- 


because it lacked it in the West 
todies too. They have not 
suddenly lost the ability to bat 
and bowl, so much as mislaid 
for the moment the disposi- 
tion and the zeal which they 
need to make anything fike the 
best of themselves. 

1 shall try not to labour the 
business of the captaincy, 
other than to say that Gower’s 
dismissal to his first ball on 
Saturday, chipping Shastri 
nonchalantly to mid-on, was 
much less important in its way 
than the fact that when En- 
gland went into the field, 
needing to fight like dogs if 
they were to win the match, be 
walked around with his hands 
in his pockets. It is no good 
saying .such things do not 
matter, because they da 

Such teams as the present 
West Indians captained them- 
selves. But England needed an 
example on Saturday, as they 
did in the West Indies; they 
needed to be driven, and they 
were not Against Australia 
Iasi year Gower’s ability as a 
captain was doubled when he 
started -to make runs. If he 
could get some today it would 
help a lot 

India must have been as- 
tounded by the ease of this 
first victory, especially with an 
attack which so lacks penetra- 
tion and had had very little 
recent bowling. They did ev- 
erything better than England, 
and that extended even to 
their fielding. India bowled 
straighter and to a better 
length, and they avoided the 
sort of schoolboy run-out 
which was all too typical of 
England's inept performance. 

Fielders collide occasionally 
when going fora catch, usually 
if the captain forgets to call or 
his call cannot be heard; 
batsmen sometimes collide 
with bowlers or fielders when 
making their ground in a 
hurry. But for two England 
batsmen with 63 Test caps 
between them and the holders 
of England's record partner- 
ship for the second wicket 
against India to do so at a 
critical time on Saturday was 
bizarre in the extreme. 

Fowler played Shastri to 
backward cover for a long 
single. When Maninder 
misfielded there was an even 
more comfortable second, ir- 
respective of the old dictum 
never to run for a misfiekL 
Gatling, who was doing his 
best to get the innings moving, 
was well launched on the 
second ran by the time Fowler 
was turning at the end of the 
first Technically, because of 
the position of the ball, it was 
Fowler’s call and he was 
running to what is known as 
the “danger end", though at 
the time no danger existed 

It setting off willingly for the 
second ran, Fowler omitted to 
look where he was going. 
Instead he had bis eye on the 
fielder. Gatting, wearing here 
and there in a desperate 
attempt to avoid his sightless 
partner, foiled to do so. Fowler 
was brought down on the line 
of the stumps, stiU with some 
15 yards to go and with 
Maninder already winding 
himself up to throw. It was 
more like an egg and spoon 
race on Parents’ Day, and 
England never recovered. At 
the prize-giving much later, 
Mr Willis made Azharuddin 
victor ludorum. 

THE sfoSMtswlJMiiizS 


-First; pebfishedin 1785. 

a gold 

Gawtez, Australia (Ren- 
ter) - Virginia Leag, of Brit- 
ain, swept individual and team 
honours at the world three-day 
event equestrian champion- 
ship here yesterday, but she 
said her prize really belonged 
to someone else. 

Leng had a dear round on 
Priceless in the show jumping 
phase to secure the ifidlridnal 
gold medal, hot was without 
her toughest competition. New 
Zealand's Judith "Tfnks" 
Pottmger and Volunteer. 

Pottinger had made the only 
perfect trip round the cross- 
conntry course on Saturday 
bat Volunteer wait lame and 
was eliminated at yesterday’s 
veterinary examination. 

After her victory, Leng who 
as Virginia Hoigafte won the 
1984 Olympic braize medal 
and the 1985 European team 
champkmsbip, added: “It’s 
really her championship to my 
opinion. Pm very lucky to have 
got the actual medal but it’s 
ha- day I think." 

Trudy Boyce, of New Zea- 
land, rode consistently on 
Mossman, and, ca tHiing only 
one fence yesterday, seized die 
silver ahead of Britain’s Lorna 
Clarke on Myross who had a 
dear round. 

One team who will want to 
forget this first major equestri- 
an event in the southern 
hemisphere is the United 
States. Brace Davidson, then- 
top rider, had bis Doctor 
Peaches eliminated on veteri- 
nary grounds before he took 
the saddle and by yesterday all 
but one team member had 
retired or been withdrawn. 

RESULTS: 1, V Lets (GB), Price- 
less, 71.40 pts 2, T Boyce 

Golden doable ahead for Virginia Leng and Priceless at the world three-day event yesterday . 

Evans gets off the mark 

Mossnm, 81-60; 3, L Clarke . 
Myrass, 84J8fe 4. M Dnroy (FT 
Harley, 90J9; 5. A-M Taylor (GB1 
Jnstya Thyme \% 97%; 6. B 
Roy croft (Ans), Last Tamo, 110-88; 
7, C Eitora (WG). fair Lady, 
I1&5S; 8, J M Ptraeb (US), Bte- 
stane, 119-80:9, A Scott (NZ), Mafr 
of Old, 141.00; 10. M TodA (NZ). 
Charisma 141.60; 11, 1 Stark (GBL 
Oxford Bine, 145.00: 12, P 
MorriDers (Fir), Ftaagm ITL 15960; 
13, A (AasL Sir Wank, 

166.20; 14, S bach (Ans), Trade 
'Cwaossksacr, 1712k 15, A Bigot 
(FrL Jacqooa Da Boos, 17410. 
Team: Britain, 306.60 pts; 2, France, 
443450; 3, Australia. 4J&55; 4, New 
Zealand, 52340; 5, West Germany. 

Jon Evans and Hie Cord- 
wainer H, who were both 
competing in their first three- 
day event, won the senior 
section of the T1 Group 
Windsor Horse Trials yester- 
day after a faultless round in 
the final show jumping phase. 
John Thelwall held onto sec- 
ond place with The Ulsterman 
and Captain Julian Watben, 
who is at the Staff College, 
Camberiey, moved up to third 
after a dear round on his 
consistent grey gelding. The 

By Jenny MacArthur 

Yesterday’s triumph was no 
mean achievement for Evans, 
who has been based at 
Gaicombe Park with the 
Range Rover team for two and . 
a half years but has not had the 
opportunity to compete in a 
three-day event before. He 
foigot to press down the 
switch on his stopwatch at the 
start of Saturday's steeple- 
chase so just ''licked on", 
finishing 12 seconds under the 
time On the cross-country be. 
followed the advice of Captain 
Mark Phillips; currently in 

Australia, to "go as fast as you 

Polly Martin finished first 
on Sterling Tag and fourth on 
Krugerrand in the IT Creda 
British junior championships. 

RESULTS: CH ow-wotm section: 
1, SpWer Man HlfflPowal),71.9;2. 
General St MatorefR Powe*), 81.1; 
3, Sparkford (J SmaUwood). 8&9. 
Retetafi SectfwK l, Private Eye A. 
Chafe), 85.4; 2. Latchkey (S 
Chamberlain), S&ft 'S, Charles of 
the RBz (C Wurxtertey), 87.1. Tt 
Creda. British Junto Champfam- 
Stripsr t Storing Tag (P Martin), 
42.75; 2, Juicy Lucy <5 Cope). 443; 
3, Arctic Light H (J Vartey), 47.0; 


The danger of two 
bouts too many 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 
Barely five minutes after the contest to proceed without 

out to defend his 
British super-featherweight ti- 
tle against Napb Doha, a 
Moroccan-born Mancunian, 
at the Free Trade Hail Man- 
chester, on Saturday, Fat 
CowdeU, the 32-year-oW vet- 
eran, was back in his dressing 
room minus his tide. The 
unthinkable had happened 
again. He had been knocked 
ort in the first roand. 

There was not the stunned 
silence as there had been after 
the knock-oat by Azomah 
Nelson in Birmingham last 
October. Cowdeffs manager, 
Pat Lynch, was angry. He 
eompfcuned that CowdeO had 
been struck on the floor as he 
toy there after being caught 
with the first blow of the 

Yon can’t call that' 
boxing," be said- "Yon might 
as well wear bob-nail boots 
and pot in a few kicks as well 
That's Just the kind of thing 
the anti-bosing lobby want to 
see. I want Daho to be stripped 
or an immediate rematch." 

Lynch may have reason to 
complain about the handling 
of the infringement by Roland 
Dakin, the referee. He just 
palled Daho away ami allowed 

Injuries hit 

Scotland’s World Cup prep- 
arations in Santa Fe have been 
thrown into confusion with 
three more players on the 
casualty list. As Steve Nicol 
struggled to be fit to play any 
part in Mexico he was joined 
in the treatment room by 
Steve Archibald, Jim Beti and 
Richard Gough. 

Nicol who took no part in a 
practice match against the 
Irish, is now almost certainly a 
non-starter when Scotland 
open their Cup assault against 
Denmark on June 4. 
Archibald damaged ankle liga- 
ments. Belt picked up .an 
abdominal injury and Gough 
needed stitches in a gash over 
an eyebrow after a collision of 
beads in an unexpectedly 
physical encounter. 

Sutton ahead 

Hal Sutton eagied the 15th 
hole and then bindied the 16th 
and 1 7lh to gain a three-stroke 
lead with a 13-under-par 203 
after the third round of the 
Jack Nicklaus Memorial Golf 
Tournament at Dublin, Ohio.. 
Dan Halldorson, of Canada, 
and Don Pootey and Doug 
Tewell lay joint second on 

giving him a severe dressing 

. Bat even if Lynch manages 
to secure CowdeU a rematch, it 
is unlikely that the outcome 
would be different Daho 
would be doubly confident of 
domg foe same and if he 
sacceeded in inflicting a simi- 
lar trauma, the humiliation 
and foe physical damage 
would not have been worth it 
From foe first blow, an 
untidy left hook, that caught 
CowdeU jnst after foe first bell 
and started his three minutes 
of desperation to the last blow 
on the final beU that sent him 
to foe floor, bis neck bouncing 
hideously off foe bottom rope, 
there were signs that CowdeO 
may have already had one 
contest too many. Britain's 
finest exponent of the art of 
taxing, who once retired at foe 
peak of his career, would do 
well to think of quitting now at 
bis lowest ebb. 

RESULTS: Britah supeHteatoer- 
mrigM championship: Napb Daho 
(Manchester) to Pat CowdeB (Bir- 
mingham), 1st. British EtoitwmgM 
championship: Tony Wins (Liver- 

pool) bt Stave Boyle (Glasgow), roc 
901. Feathenwtaym (i 

Las Walsh 
Carmfchaal (HuS), pts- 

bt Stewart 


French passion 
play runs amok 

F)nvm David &nds, Si^by Cbncvoodenl Paris 
Daniel Dubroca, despite all anywhere could surpass it; for 

sustained commitment and 


Bcwesu A hit in Fiji 

Hero in Fiji 

Riorirfvn Rmupn one tho Middlesbroi 

Bleddyu Bowen was the 
hero when Wales opened their 
three-match rugby lour of Fiji 
with a 19-14 win overastrong 
Western Fiji side as Lautoka. 
He converted his own try and 
kicked three penalties. A 
splendid solo try from Adrian 
Hadley sealed victory. On a 
sun-baked pitch, the Welsh 
ripped the sleeves off their 
shirts and used them as knee 
and elbow protectors. 

Boys’ first 

Young Boys of Berne beat 
Xamax Neuchatel 4-1 to win 
their first Swiss football cham- 
pionship in 26 years. The 
crowd of 21.500 at Neuchatel 
was a record. 

appearances to the contrary, 
will be able to lead France on 
their eight-match tour of the 
Southern Hemisphere. 
Dubroca, Agen’s 32-year-old 
captain, was carried off prone 
midway through foe first half 
of Saturday’s 16-6 defeat by 
Toulouse in the French dub 
champtooship final at the Pare 
des Princes, having nearly 
choked himself by swallowing 
his tongue after a blow in the 

As no lasting damage was 
found after a night in hospital 
the French selectors will not 
find themselves with a poten- 
tially embarrassing leadership 
problem . Lasting damage was 
done, however, to Dubroca’s 
dub: Berbizier, a tantalizing 
mixture ofbriliiance and petu- 
lance, took. over and Agen, 
lacking method and direction, 
lost by a try and four penalty 
goals to two penalty goals. 

Thus Toulouse retained the 
massive Bouclier de Brennus 
and deservedly so in a match 
where the fierce natural rival- 
ry of the two Garonne dubs 
and the. excellence of both 
defences proved too much for 
the occasion. For unbridled 
passion I doubt if rugby 

Rebirth pains 

Debt-ridden Middles- 
brough are digesting a throat 
ofexpulsion from the Football 
League if they close down and 
then cany on playing as a new 
company. The League, wor- 
ried about their pubuc image, 
has decreed they will no longer 
allow dubs to “cheat" credi- 
tors in this way. 

“The management commit- 
tee are saying to Middles- 
brough: *ff . you go into 
liquidation you will go foe 
way of Accrington Stanley — 
out of the League'," said 
Graham Kelly, the League 
Third Division 
Middlesbrough, who have an- 
nounced they are going into 
voluntary liquidation, are tak- 
ing legal advice. 

Bristol City. Chariton, Wol- 
verhampton Wanderers and 
Derby all survived under a 
new banner but the League are 
adamant those days are over. 

brutal tackling no Northern 
Hemisphere side could rival 
it I felt bruised just watching. 

It was an illustration of 
Agen's problems when Erbani 
charged furiously and late into 
a maul where Toulouse had 
already been penalized. The 
was promptly re- 
and ‘ Berot thereby 
robbed of a penalty which 
could have levelled the scores 
at half-time. As it was, goals 
by Gabemer and Lopez gave 
Toulouse the lead against 
Berm's one and Lopez with 
two more penalties, stretched 
it further before BonnevaJ 
beat Lacombe and Sella to the 
corner for foe Toulouse try. 
SCORERS: Toulouse: Try: 

Bomawei; Penalties: Lopez (3), 
Gabemet Agect- Penalties: Berot 

TOULOUSE: S Gabemet (captain); 
J-M Rancoule, E BonnavaJ. 0 
Charvet G Novas; P Rouge- 
Thpmas, M Lopez; G Portotan (rap: 
A Santamans). S Laurie, C falotan, 
T Maset, J-M Giraud. J-M Cadieu, K 

Mothe. B Lacombe; C Deiage, P 
Berttenan J-L Totot J-L dUpont, D 
Dubroca (captain, rep; J Bou6), J 
Grattan. P Pujade. B Mazzer, B 
Defers. D Urban. 

Springboks win, page 30 

Hinault held 

• Bernard Hinault of France 
won foe final 30-miie individ- 
ual time trial in foe RCN cycle 
stage race in Colombia but the 
local rider, Luis Herrera, was 
only eights seconds slower and 
won the race for the fourth 
time. They will meet again in 
the Tour de France in- July. 

.Resttlts, page 20 


Lawson win 
his title lead 

From Michari Scott 

America's Marlboro- 
Yamaha rider, Eddie Lawson, 
gained a convincing victory in 
yesterday’s West German 
Grand Prix, with British- 
based Australian, Wayne 
Gardner (Rothmans Honda), 
second, and the Lucky-Strike 
Yamaha rider, Mike Baldwin 
oF America, third. 

Briuiin’s Rob McElnea 
(Yamaha) was fourth, the 
burly Humbersider’s best ever 
result- Run in perfect, s unn y 
conditions at the new 
Nurbutgring, it was a race 
w* few incidents, as Lawson 
led from the second lap. But, 
on foe penultimate lap, foe 
Frenchman Sarron crashed 
dramatically, breaking his 

In the absence of Honda's 
Freddie. Spencer, Lawson's 
win takes him further into the 
championship leari w 

Even the 
proved j 

From Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 
■ Vancouver 
ywHain I bare arrived in 
Mexico armed with foe most 
impressive statistics of afl the 
World Cup finalists. The 1-0 
nctory over Canada on Satur- 
day extended their run of 
unbeaten matches to 11, and 
their sequence of successive 
victories to six. In scoring 27 
coals over the last II months, 
they have conceded only three. 

Yet for more than an hour 
ob Saturday afternoon, their 
preparations were in deep and 

fitightenmg turmoiL The dra- 

ma started 18 minutes from 
foe end of their last genuine 
practice match north of the 
Mexican border, when 
Lineker suddenly and inadver- 
tently became the central char- 
acter - and he by in 
unmis takable agony. 

It was to oontin ae ton g after 
England's insipid triumph, un- 
til Vernon Edwards, the team 
doctor, announced that 
Lineker had “severely 
sprained his wrist and could be 
training on Monday", fte 
England manager, Bobby 
Robson, bad imagined that foe 
sentence would be much more 
fearful- ... 

After Lineker had been 
helped sway to hospital, his 
limb apparently bent and 
twisted out of shape, Robson 
said that the player was “la 
terrible pain and some 
distress". He added: “ft looks 
bad. He could have broken 
either his wrist or his arm — or 
even both. We may have lost 
our biggest goal threat." 

Listless and 

Bat an X-ray, developed 
within a few minutes, provided 
a vital more positive 
picture. Edwards warned: 
“There Is a small bone in foe 
wrist, the scaphoO, that some- 
times does not immediately 
show a fracture and it is 
important that he has another 
X-ray in 10 days. Yet there is 
no reason to fed that he wifi 
not be able to start the 
tournament next week." 

While waiting to be told of 
Lineker’s fete, Robson could 
not disguise bis concern. “He 
is the sharpest forward in the 
League. He scored 40 goals' 
last season and was foe doable 
Footballer of the Year. He was 
so lively today." 

Few others were. In the first 
half England were listless. 
Martin and Everton's Stevens, 
both of whom were appearing 
for foe first time on the tour on 
foe right side of the defence, 
were particularly uncertain, ft 
was as well that Butcher was 
typically solid and that 
Sansom, with a little gem of a 
performance, was immaculate. 

Wilkins lost his inspiration 
for the day and Hoddk, 
though as neat as usual, was 
largely a ghostly figure who 
became Influential only after 
foe intervaL Hodge, the least 
experienced member of foe 
side, was arguably the most 
effective. JHte contribntimi^&s 

son, was one of^the* 1 more 
encouraging features. 

Another was tike striking 
form of Hateley. He claimed 
the only goal, a simple tap-in 
on the hour, after Canada^ 
goal-keeper had failed to bold 
on to Hoddle's free kick. 

Lineker goal 

And earlier, after an expfo- • 
save burst of acceleration from 
Lineker, Dolan blocked anoth- -- 
er of Hateley's dose range ^ 
headers; Hodge, from 
Sansom's delightfully acre- - 
rate nod, then struck a post, 
and before foe interval the 
referee disallowed a seemingly 
legitimate effort by Lineker. 

Tfee Canadians' form sug- 

gests that they cannot expect / A . 
to finish higher than fourth 
behind France, Hungary and >/ 

foe Soviet Union In their 

and realistically, the game 
was about as for away from 
Mexico as h is on the global 
map. But Robson insisted that ; • 

the long detour was worth- , 
while. “Sometimes you react 
to a hiccup. It is as well to gets . .v <. - 
display like that oat of yow 
system.” _ - 

He might not have been S9 
philosophical if Lineker bad . 
been ruled out With Bryan '^. 7 ? 
Robson's availability already -a - 
in doubt, he hardly needed 
another of his most vital 
individuals to be ddeted from vV 
his probable team sheet The i< . 
hopes that were so buoy*® 1 “It 
would now be fast sinking. 

. CANADA: P Dolam 

Lenardazzi, B Wjfegn, K Rapa. 

T Moore, G GtaylSh 

P James, M Sweeney, 




C Valentine (sab » 

P Shfflou 


(Everm), K Saw®* 


(Arsenal), G Hoddfc 'TTrttfdn* 

„ A Martin (West : HW..' v 

lilted). T JW 

ft > 

M Hatefey (AC MHaaL G Lta far 3 

gM r cWSl£:.'> 

fofepar) J Bam* - 

Mescfah) (Canada)-