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.... .. V... ^ 

No 62,469 




By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

There will soon be a 
bus resumption of growtn m 
; the British economy, the 
Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
said yesterday. Tax cuts, lower 
mortgage rates and faning 

- inflation had resulted in a big 

- boost to spending power. 

.Mr Lawson was 

against a background of of 
dal figures released yesterday, 
. showing. that Britain bad a 
~ healthy surplus on its current 
; account in April, with the first 
surplus on manufacturing 
„ trade for more than two years. 

In a speech to the Associa- 
1 tion-of Economic Representa- 
tives in London, the 
Chancellor rejected the charge 
that after a run of poor figures 
for output and nnemploy- 
mem, the recovery has come 
to an end. 

Rather, he said, Ibe benefits 
of the sharp fall in world oil 
' prices, already showing 
through in a drop in the 
inflation rate to 3 per cent, 
" would soon start to be reflect- 
ed in stronger growth. 

The Budget cut in income 
tax, along with reductions in 
mortgage rates, added up to an 
• extra £5.80 a week for the 
average couple, and compa- 
■ nies were benefiting from 
lower material prices and a 
drop in interest rates. 

“Over the past six months 
industrial production in the 
main five industrial countries 
has been relatively flat. And 
that includes the UK", Mr 
Lawson said. 

“Some are even asking 
whether the- British economic 


Fit for 

Which sport makes 
you fittest? — the 
research that . 
answers a 
continuing athletic 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
won outright yesterday 
by MrTJV-Heifierof 
Bognor Regis. 

• Portfolio list, page 
32; rules and how to 
play, information ser- 
vice, page 20. 

Howe UN call 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary, told the special 

■ UN session on Africa that- the 

richer nations must help Afri- 
ca to help itself. He praisedthe 
growing mood of realism in 
Africa Pages 5 and 20 

Review results 

The University Grants 
Committee’s first review of 
the qualiiy of research in 
universities in Britain has 
revealed wide differences and 

■ varied reactions Page 3 

Pit pay case 

British Coal is to contest an 
industrial tribunal ruling that 
U had unfairly paid more 
money to miners belonging to 
the Union of Democratic 
Mineworfcers at a Leicester- 
• shire pit Page 2 

India firm 

Mr Neil Kinnoek. after meet- 
ing Mr Rajiv Gandhi, said 
there was no possibility of 
India withdrawing from the 
Commonwealth over South 
Africa ■ Page ^ 

Ariane coup 

The European satellite Ariane 
is to launch a military tele- 
communications satellite for 
the British. Ministry of De- 
fence at the end of 1987. 

Hock News 2-4 
Qtmeas 5-7 
Appfs 23 
Am 19 

Birtbs. deaths, 
marriages 18 
Book 1 * 9 
Basinets 21-32 
0» 4 

Otwc* .1845 
€owt « 

Cmimonb 820 

Deity JO 

Farms 840 
Law Sepal 25 

Leaders Jl 

Qtdtavy 18 
Sate Room 18 
Science 1$ 
Sport 36*40 
Theatre, etc 39 
TVfiSafio 39 
Weather . 20 

recovery — whose end Iras 
been regularly predicted every 
. year since, the recovery, began 
in 1981 — may at. long last 
really be petering, out. 1 am 
confident that it is not." 

• One fear about Britain's 
economic performance is that 
while spending in the shops is 
strong and company profits 
are high, much of the benefit 
appears to be goingio imports. 

In March, there was a 
reconi trade deficit of £12 


: -i. ■■ .v ... 

% ■ bMmM . •> 

:■ t.-vf, ’'jo-*,- ,• 

Mr Lawson: Predtction 
of stronger growth. 

billion and a current account 
deficit of £611 million. 
Yesterday’s figures showed a 
sharp improvement last 

The visible trade deficit 
narrowed by more than £1 
billion to £191 million.- Hie 
current account was in surplus 
by £409 million and manufac- 
turing trade was in surplus for 
the fust time for over two 
years. , 

TheTreastrry is confident of 
a £3 billion current account 
surplus this year, and that the 

balance of payments will not 
restrain growth. But die Soci- 
ety of Business Economists, in 
a report published today, says 
that the current account sur- 
plus will disappear after this 
year, and that growth Jn the 
economy will slow. 

The Chancellor's optimistic 
speech on the economy came 
rntera series of official figures 
hadsuggested that the econo- 
my ..was stagnating. Gross 
domestic product in the first 
quarter was up by less than 0.5 
per cent on the previous 
quarter and. after allowing for 
coal strike effects, only 1.5 per 
cent up on a year earlier. 

Unemployment, after 
steadying last autumn, has 
started to. rise again strongly. 
This year its underlying, rise 
has been 10,000-15,000 a 

'Britain will gain from the 
boost to world growth from 
lower oil prices, Mr Lawson 
said, and from lower world 
inflation — in Wot Germany 
the cost of living this month 
was reported yesterday to be 
0.1 per cent down on a year 
earlier. . 

Despite the Chancellor’s op- 
timism on growth dealers in 
foe City money markets be- 
lieve'that another cut in bank 
base rates may be needed soon 
to keep foe economy moving. 
Money market interest tales 
edged down on the belief that 
base rates, now 10 per cent, 
could soon drop into single 

A * * <r . * * 

councils battle 

J3y Our Economics Cocrespondent ' 

TfeeTreastiry is facing a big day, made it dear that any 

shift in pubfiespending priori- 

battle lohotd down localauth- 
ority mending- However, foe 
Chief Secretary to the Trea- 
sury, Mr John MacGregor, is 
determined, to stidrwrthin the 
Government's targets. 

Mr MacGregor has given 
the newly appointed Secretar- 
ies of Statehr Education ami 
for the Environment. Mr 
Kenneth Baker and Mr Nicho- 
las Ridley respectively, an 
extra two weeks to submit 
detailed bids for extra 

The original deadline for 
bids was tomorrow,' in the 
coming crucial jmblic spend- 
ing round. Ministers regard 
foe Government’s poor recent 
showing as. good reason for 
requesting big increases in 
spending next year. Bids for 
extra spending are likely to 
total £6 billion. 

Of this, the biggest part wiS 
comprise council spending, 
probably of £2 billion or more. 
This , is because decisions on 
local authority current spend- 
ing for 1987-88 and 1988-89 
were deferred last year and 
any increases will be drawn 
directly from the 
Government’s public spend- 
ing reserve. 

Mr MacGregor, in an inter- 
view with The Times yester- 

ties next year should be made 
within foe existing planning 
total of £14i9 billion. . 

“It is a key job of govern- 
ment to get the balance be- 
tween tax and expenditure 
right," Mr MacGregor said. 
“There is a tendency to think 
that caring means only spend- 
ing more. It . is also about 
keeping the PSBR down, re- 
ducing the level of interest 
rales, reducing taxation and 
getting better value for money 
in public spending." • 

Mr MacGregor cited fbe£60 
million allocated from foe 
reserve for the health service 
last week, more police man- 
power and foe promise of 
more cashfor the universities 
if standards are improved, as 
examples or the 
Government’s ability to in- 
crease spending within a con- 
trolled total 

He described the system of 
local authority spending con- 
trol as “a Byzantine 
nightmare’*- But he said that 
the Government, while reluc- 
tant to see large increases in 
rates, would do so rather than 
allow local authority spending 
to go out of control. 

Interview, page 25 

Labour lead put at 8% 

The Labour Party was given 
an 8 per cent lead, over other 
parties, enough to form a 
government with an overall 
majority, according to the 
latest opinion poll figures 
released yesterday (Sheila 
Gunn writes). 

The Prime Minister’s popu- 
larity sank, with only 29 per 
cent satisfied with her leader- 

The Conservatives’ poor 
showing will strengthen Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher’s declared 
aim not- to go for an earfy 
general election but to wait up 
to.July 1988 if necessary. But 
it will give added impetus to 

arguments by opponents in 
her own party for a more 
caring im ag e . 

The poll puts the 
Liberal /SDP Alliance back 
into third place below the 

The party ratings, according 
to foe Mon poll carried out for 
the London Standard, were 
Labour, 40 per cent; Conser- 
vatives, 32; Alliance, 26; oth- 
ers, 2. 

The standing of foe party 
leaders was; Mrs Thatcher, 29 
per cent; Mr Neil Kinnoek, 
Labour, 39; Mr David Steel, 
Liberal, 47; and Dr David 
■Owen, Social Democratic Par- 
ty, 43. 

Despite yesterday's stormy weather, a bright smOe from under the Princess of Wales's i 
brella when she visited an agricultural show in Ipswich. 

total 1,000 

Moscow (AP) — The Soviet 
news agency Novosti yester- 
day indicated that as many as 
1,000 people were injured in 
foe Chernobyl nuclear disas- 
ter, and that the last group of 
patients brought to Moscow 
for treatment includes evacu- 
ees from foe danger area. 

The Soviet report, distribut- 
ed to Western news agencies 
here, was the first to. refer to 
such a large number of 
casualties.- -V 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov; foe 
Soviet leader, said in bis 
national address on May 14 
that about 300 people had 
beat .taken to hospital with 
radiation injuries as a result of 
the accident. 

Novosti carried an inter- 
view with the chief radiologist 
of Moscow’s Hospital No. 6, 
where those most seriously 
injured at Chernobyl have 
been taken for treatment 

Dr Anghelina Guskova told 
the agency: “Those whose 
entire organisms and vast skin 
areas were affected are no 
more. They held out longer 
than the world could expect 
with the doses they had 

She did not specify foe 
number who have died, but a 
prominent Soviet scientist. Dr 
Yevgeny Velikhov, said at a 
news conference on Monday 
that 19 had died as a result of 
the accident — two during the 
initial fire and explosion and 
17 in hospital 

Dr Guskova was quoted on 
Tuesday by. Izvestia as saying 
that 70 to 80 patients may be 
suffering from serious radia- 
tion poisoning. 

Novosti said the national 
health service network re- 
sponded quickly to foe 

“Four hours after the disas- 
ter, a special medical team was 
ready to fly from Moscow to 
foe nuclear power station. 
Within 24 hours, they selected 
foe 100 most serious cases out 
of a thousand. The thud and 
last batch of patients now 
treated in Moscow are from 
among the evacuees." 

The report was foe first to 
state that evacuees from the 
danger zone extending 18 
mites from the damaged pow- 
er plant were among those 
injured. Previous reports have 
suggested that only firemen 
and plant workers suffered 
harmful radiation doses. 

Radio. Moscow said two 
weeks ago that all 92,000 
evacuees had been examined 
by doctors and none was 
found to have radiation-relat- 
ed illnesses. 

Ulster may return 
to direct rule 

By Richard Ford 

Government ministers are 
preparing for a lengthy period 
of direct rule as the latest 
attempt to get a devolved 
government in Northern Ire- 
land looks set to end with the 
dissolution of the Assembly. 

Although in public minis- 
ters express hope that all- 
party talks can begin about a 
locally based administration, 
privately they are gloomy 
about prospects, believing no 
agreement would be readied 
even if talks were held. 

- It was imped that unionists 
would be encouraged to mini- 
mize the influence of the 
Anglo-Irish agreement by ne- 
gotiating with nationalists to 
form a devolved government 
at Stormont but officials now 
believe that is unlikely. 

In the Official Unionist 
Party the tide is running 
strongly in favour of full 
integration with the rest of the 
United Kingdom, even al- 
though Mrs Margaret Thatch- 
er has ruled out such an 
option. An official said: “We 
are in for a long period of 
benign direct rule alongside 
the Anglo-Irish agreement." 

The fate of the Northern 
Ireland Assembly is to be 
decided by the end of next 
week with foe Government 
prepared to dissolve it rather 
than hold elections in October 
when its four-year term ends. 
The Government feels it is 

pointless to have fresh elec- 
tions without agreement on 
devolution and when union- 
ists would use it to demon- 
strate their opposition to foe 
agreement with Dublin. 

If in the future agreement 
was reached on setting up a 
local administration within 
the province, the Government 
could revive foe assembly by 
an Order in Council and hold 
fresh elections. 

MrTom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, 
has to make an Order to 
dissolve tire Assembly and is 
anxious to have the matter 
settled before foe “loyalist” 
marching season gets under 
way in July. 

He said yesterday foal there 
was growing criticism at 
Westminister that for the past 
six months the Assembly, 
which costs £2.8 million a 
year to run, bad not fulfilled 
its statutory function to scruti- 
nize legislation and govern- 
ment departments. 

Since the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment it has become an exclu- 
sive unionist body from which 
loyalist politicians have at- 
tacked foe agreement 

An argument against its 
closure is that it provides a 
platform for unionists but Mr 
King said that its recent 
debates had done little to 

Continued cm page 2, col 2 

will use 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

Police would be prepared to 
ase water cannon against riot- 
ing mobs on the streets of 
London and fire plastic ballets 
if necessary. Sir Kenneth 
Newman, Metropolitan Police 
Coaunissioaer, said yesterday. 

Announcing his annual re-' 
port fin- 1985 — a year which 
saw major riots in Brixton and 
Tottenham — Sir Kenneth be- 
came the first British senior 
police officer to pabfidy pro- 
pose the use of water cannon, 
which are under evaluation by 
the Met and the Home Office. 

He said :“WhDe water can- 
non would not be applicable Ed 
many scenarios we face, 1 
would be prepared to use water' 
cannon in some dronastamces 
if it represented minimum 

During a press conference 
which ranged over many of the 
polking problems presented 
by tire report, one of his senior 
officers announced that the 
Metropolitan Police was es- 
tablishing a unit of “tactical 
response teams" of officers 
specially trained in firearms 
tactics and on standby round 
foe dock to handle incidents 
involving gnus. 

The Yard's CID groups 
such as the Flying Squad and 
the Drugs Squad were also to 
have cadres of officers trained 
in firearms tactics to improve 
police performance on armed 

The changes are intended to 
improve police use of guns and 
reduce the risk of accidents. 

The question of water can- 
non emerged yesterday as Sir 
Kenneth commented on the 
problems of policing in the 
aftermath of foe riots last yev 
and the spectre of an “increas- 
ingly problematic and turbu- 
lent society." Last year 3,000 
of tire 27,000 officers in Lon- 
don were injured while on 

On violent disorder. Sir 
Kenneth said in his report: 
“Under snch rirannstances, 
firm supporter though I am of 
the traditional image of polk- 
ing, I recognize that sentimen- 
tality has no potency in foe 
face of ballets and petrol 
bombs. The disorders mnst be 
firmly brought to an end and 
peace restored so that the 

Continued on page 2, col 4 

says US 
lied on 
Salt 2 

From Christopher Walker 

Tass, the official Soviet 
news agency, yesterday ac- 
cused the While House of re- 
sorting to “a pile of lies’* in an 
attempt to justify breaking the 
unratified Salt 2 nuclear arms 
limitation treaty. 

The agency, giving foe first 
official reaction to President 
Reagan's decision to disman- 
tle two Poseidon submarines 
and stay for the moment with- 
in Salt 2 limits, claimed foe 
move had been forced on him 
by public opinion. 

“The White House’s deci- 
sion is a forced step," Tass 
said. “It has been taken under 
the powerful pressure of foe 
US and international commu- 
nity demanding that foe Sovi- 
et-US accords in foe field of 
control over armaments be 
observed and the sliding of the 
world to a nuclear disaster be 

Tass said President Reagan 
bad accused foe Kremlin of. 
violating existing arms control 
agreements. “It goes without 
saying that these accusations 
were not backed up by a single 
fact," foe agency said. 

Senior Western observers 
described foe criticism as per- 
functory and mild and noted 
that it had taken a long time to - 
appear, indicating that Mos- 
cow may be hoping that foe 
second part of Washington's 
threat to breach foe treaty in 
December may be averted by 
the second Reagan-Gorha- 
chov summit, which is expect- 
ed to lake place around then. 

Tass recalled that the US 
had declared in May 1 982 that 
it would not take any action to 
break foe treaty, which was 
originally signed by former 
President Jimmy Carter, and 
foe late Mr Leonid Brezhnev. 
It alleged that the purpose of 
foe new moves was to evade 
the stria limitations on strate- 
gic missiles imposed by foe 
treaty and leave the US free- 
dom of manoeuvre to gain 
military superiority. 

“The latest decision of foe 
White House regarding the 
Salt 2 treaty can be assessed as 
a demand by Washington for 
foe unilateral right, unprece- 
dented in international prac- 
tice, to throw out some 
provisions of a treaty and 
temporarily retain others," 
wrote Mr Vladimir Bogachov, 
a leading military analyst. 

O WARSAW: Poland and 
Czechoslovakia yesterday ac- 
cused the US of seeking 
military superiority over the 
Soviet Union since their en- 
couraging summit meeting in 
Geneva last November. Presi- 
dent Husak of Czechoslovakia 
and General JaruzelskL foe 
Polish leader, condemned US 
air attacks on Libya last 
month and accused Washing- 
ton of aggravating tension and 
conflict in various parts of the 

The breakdown, page 6 
Leading article, page 11 

Bar ‘determined over 
legal aid fees issue’ 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Bar is determined to 
press the Government to a 
satisfactory resolution over 
the “crucial” issue of criminal 
legal aid fees, Mr Robert 
Alexander, QC- chairman of 
foe Bar, said yesterday. 

At the close of foe 
profession's first conference in 
London he made dear that the 
Bar still had “difficult issues 
to surmount" with foe Lord 
Chancellorand Attorney Gen- 
eral on this matter. 

Lord Hailsham of St Mary- 
lebone, foe Lord Chancellor, 
who gave foe opening address, 
had given “impetus" and 
“guidance” to foe profession 
in his speech for which the Bar 
was gratefiiL Mr Alexander 

But he indicated the issue of 
fees could clearly still be an 
obstacle to foe restoration of 
good relations between foe 
profession and foe Gov- 

“This is really fundamental 
to the conduct of our system 
of justice in foe years to 
come", he said. 

Mr Alexander, made dear 
however that the Bar was not 
to press ahead immediately 
with what may have been a 
second bone of contention 
with the Government: looking 
at ways of changing the 
present system of judicial 
appointments by removing 
responsibility from the Lord 
Chancellor's department 

Yesterday Mr Alexander 
said foe Bar would await foe 
Lord Chancellor’s explanatory 
guide on judidal appoint- 
ments. to be published today, 
before considering what steps 
to take. 

The verdict on foe rwo-day 
conference was that it had 
been a great success. 

Conference report, page 4 

Swan Hunter 
fears 1,000 

Swan Hunter, the Tyneside 
shipyard, is considering mak- 
ing 1,000 employees redun- 
dant in foe next two months. 
The company blames the fail- 
ure to win the £130 million 
older for a naval support ship 
which went to Hariand and 

Wolff in Belfast. 

Mr David Hardy, chairman 
of Swan Hunter and of Globe 
Investment Trust, one of the 
main bactoersof the manage- 
ment buyout at Swan Hunter 
in January, expects the 400 
design staff to go this summer. 

In Globe’s annual report. 
Mr Hardy says: “We do not 
believe. foe competition was a 
fair one and it vrifl deter us 
and others from participating 
in future privatizations" ' ‘ 

Fans start rush for Mexico Cup trips 

By John Goodbody 

British travel agencies have 
been struggling to cope with an 
exceptional number of late 
demands from football fans to 
watch the World Cup which 
begins in Mexico City on 

Although only 70 per cart of 
the tickets for preliminary 
pool games have been sold, 
with plenty available at 
England's venae of Monter- 
rey, It s now difficult to find 
flights to the prorintial cen- 
tres which stage five of the six 
first round matches. 

Two agencies. Travehrise 
and Mexican Holidays, say 
the market has gone “crazy" 
after earlier complaining 
about foe poor demand far 
World Cap trips. The Football 
Association . orqgmaDy esti- 

mated 15,000 spectators would 
visit Mexico for the fomr-week 
toaroament but still only about 
3,000 people have ' booked 
package deals. 

A spokesman for Travehrise 
said yesterday: “About the end 
of April interest suddenly 
started picking up. England 
fad some good results, there 
was television coverage of the 
1966 tournament and anyway 
people never want to pay until 

the fast raiment." 

Demands increased dramat- 
ically yesterday because South 
American Holidays has told 
foe Association of British 
Travel Agents foal it has 
ceased trading, fearing 400 
fans with worthless airline 
tickets and hotel vouchers. 

ABTA said yesterday it 
would be giving refolds to 

those clients of South Ameri- 
can Holidays, who could give 
evidence of having lost money. 

Mr Geoff Pickett of Mexi- 
can Holidays said: “Tf we had 
anticipated this late rash we 
could have laid on special 
charter flights. Bat it has been 

The desire to watch the 24 
nations, including England , 
Scotland and Northern Ire- 
land, may prompt many more 
fans to fly to Texan cities fike 
Houston, only 550 miles from 
Monterrey, and travel over- 
land to Mexico. 

Mr Pickett fears that hi this 
ray potential trouble-makers 
could reach Mexico unhin- 
dered. “We urged foe Mexican 
Ambassador to get his Gov- 
ernment to tarn back at the 
border those fans who have no 

hotel bookings. But they were 
not interested. 

“The Football Association 
have screened all those fans 
with package bookings and 
have given a list of 200 known 
trouble-makers to the Mexi- 
can Government. 

But travel agents fear that 
tbe border guards will not be 
rigorous in turning away even 

those fans with convictions for 


It was an impression con- 
firmed on a recent visit to 
England by Mr Hernia Garza 
Echevarria, foe secretary of 
the World Cup Committee in 
Monterrey, who toured Eu- 
rope to lure more fans to 
Mexico. He said tickets woe 

still available for as fittie as £2 
for England’s early games. 

Team reports, page 40 



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Tribunal backs NUM 
over pay increase to 
miners in rival union 

The National Union or 
Mineworkers yesterday won 
an important test case when 
,.i an industrial tribunal ruled 
i that British CoaL formerly the 
National Coal Board, had 
unfairly paid more money to a 
- minority of miners belonging 
. to the rival Union of Demo- 
; erratic Mineworkers at a pit in 

“I The NUM’s victory is an 
embarrassment to Britrsh 
r# Coal, which said immediately 
alter the hearing it would 
appeal against the decision to 
“ the Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal. It is also a bitter blow to 
r- the moderate UDM, 3,000 of 
whose members are still not 
1 receiving a £5.50 a week pay 
rise the new union negotiated 
last November. 

; e . The NUM had alleged at 
the industrial tribunal in 
' . Leicester that British Coal had 
' deliberately sought to encour- 
. age membership of the UDM 
; by paying the rise to the new 
union's members at Ellistown 
colliery in Leicestershire, al- 
V though they were outnum- 

By Craig Seton 

bered by NUM members, who MacGregor, chairman of Brit- 
did not receive the extra ish Coal and Mr Roy Lynk, 
money. the UDM*s general secretary, 

Mr Jack Jones, the NUM's tbe pay rise was paid to tbe 
Leicestershire general secre- UDM men at Ellistown, al- 
tary, took action against Brit- though previously British 
ish Coal under the Coal had paid it only where 
Employment Protection Con- members of the new union 
solidalion Act, 1978, claiming were in a majority in their 
that the purpose of the pay rise workplace. 

was to deter or prevent mem- 
bership of the established 

vent mem- Mr Chris GoodchQd. chair- 
established man of the tribunal said that 
British Coal bad changed its 

Mr Jones yesterday hailed policy, and “even-handedness 
the result as an important disappeared". The tribunal 
victory and saidt "Justice has had not been satisfied by the 
been rewarded throughout the explanation for the payment 
British coalfield.” of the rise, and British Coal 

The tribunal was told that had dearly departed from a 
the Ellistown dispute arose sensible policy, 
out of the bitter conflict He said that NUM mem- 
between the NUM and the bers at Ellistown "have been 
emerging UDM after the year- penalized and subjected to a 

long miners' strike. 

disadvantage". He accepted 

Mr Jones yesterday with the miners who brought die case, 
Mr Peter Ridgway (left) and Mr Paul Fairbrotber (right). 

Leicestershire miners voted that the decision would be 
to remain within the NUM, controversial and might have 
and in a ballot at Ellistown, to go to a higher court, 
men voted by 1 9 1 votes to 1 73 Mr Goodchild said that the 

to remain with the established rise at Ellistown had been paid 
union. at a lime when the UDM was 

Within days, however, after concerned about its position 
a meeting between Mr Ian and its membership. "They 

were expressing concern at not 
getting sufficient support from 
the coal board. Their drive for 
jf-i membership had slowed 
•j down. They were disen- 

He added: “Was the pur- 
\ pose to encourage individuals 
to join the UDM or was it to 
discourage miners from being 
^ members of the NUM? Or was 
it a mixture?” 

The UDM was formed by 
moderate miners' leaders, dis- 
f*« 'Vy'*: enchanted with the leadership 
0 f i 4 r Arthur Scargill after the 
liners who brought the case, strike. It now claims about 
ilr Paul Fairbrother (right). 40,000 members. 

Labour to Docks sale 
disband Is illegal, 

defiant says Lord 

branches Denning 

By AntbOT Berios The Government's Bill to 

Political Correspondent privatize maiutgcmeni of the 

uxropuuiHw fljyaj dockyardsis illegal. Lord 

Labour’s national executive E)enning. former Master of the 
is expected to disband Livcr r Roffe, said yesterday, 
pod constituency parties The Government has fovit- 

wfaich defy last week's deci- ed tenders for Navy dodyanls 
sion Id expel a number of & Devonport in Plymouth, 
leading supporters of the ^ Rosyth. Fife. But Lord 

Trotskyist Militant Tendency. 

The Gaxston constituency 
party has passed a resolution 
rejecting the executive deci- 

Derming. aged S7. whoioureck 
Devonport yesterday, with 
Plymouth, councillors . op- 
posed to government plans. 

Mulhearn, one of its local 
party members. The radio- 
lion condemned the decision 
as “insane". 

Mr Mulheam was allowed 
into the Tuesday night meet- 
ing in direct defiance of a 
warning from Mr Peter 

Mr Tony | said the Bill could be chal 

Sir Kenneth Newman yesterday; Prepared to use water cannon and plastic bullets. 

Met will use water camion 

Deadlock Ulster may return 

on post 
pay talks 

to direct rule 

iray utuka Continued from page 1 the agreement ai Hillsborough 

^ v ..... . . . , last November. 

By Gavin Bell diminish tension within the ^ overwhelming majority 

Trade union leaders rep re- ^Sra^would deprive the 
senting 150.000 postal work- 50 unionist members of enti- United 

ers throughout the country dement to £17,000 a year in 

will consider industrial action salary and expenses which on ihS 

today after reporting no most have continued to draw SSJF ^ 
progress in the latest round of despite refusing to carry out 'ner cent want the 

paynegotiauonsyesterda^. normal working. Eleven who 

pay negotiations yesterday. 

After the two-hour meeting were also MPs are entitled to 
an informed source said that Westminister salaries and al- 
Mr Alan Tuffin, general secre- lowances stallin g £46.000. 

tary of the Union of Commu- 
nication Workers, would be 

The Assembly was set up in 

nicauon worseis, wouhi dc i qua hv Mr James Prior but a 

he had no progress to report 
The union voted at its 
annual conference last week 
for a ballot on industrial 
action if the Post Office's 
present offer was not im- 
proved, and the source said 
that this mandate would be 

devolution" was doomed as 
both the Social Democratic 
and Labour Party and Provi- 
sional Sinn Fein refused to 
take their seats. 

Under Mr Prior's plan the intractable problems. 

Assembly was to scrutinize 

discussed at the executive government legislation and set 
meeting. It would be up to Mr °P s ‘ x committees to monitor 

Tuffin and his colleagues to 
bargain or to balloL 
Tbe Post Office said that its 
offer would increase basic 
rates by 525 percent, but that 
“changes in the earning 
structure" would limit the 
overall pay bill to 4.8 percent 
Before entering yesterday's 
talks, Mr Tuffin said: “We are 
looking for a substantial im- 
provement We anticipate 
Post Office profits being at a 
record level for the last year." 

government departments. It 
could opt for partial devolu- 
tion if there was 70 per cent 
support from members or 
cross-community support 

With the absence of repre- know and 6 per cent don't 
sentatives of the minority care, 
community, the assembly But 48 per cent of those 
never moved beyond its sera- questioned said any referen- 
tiny role. The Government dum on the future of the north 
moved the problem away should be held only in the 
from an interna! matter to one province, 
involving tbe government of 

the Irish Republic and signed Change in t hinki ng, page 10 






& )+ ** hi i — 

Oxfam has been working with poor 
people in Namibia for 22 years. Our 
latest report brings into sharp focus 
the systematic exploitation, by South 
Africa and others, of Namibia, its 
people and resources. 

TRUST* spells out the part played by 
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in particular, in creating the poverty in 
which most Namibians live. ' 

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poverty in one of Africa’s richest 
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coupon below. I 

chanted. Continued from page 1 

He added: “Was the pur- which underlie the out- 

pose to encourage individuals he addressed." 

to join the UDM or was it to He said: “I take no joy in the 
discourage miners frombeing p^ped of baton rounds 
members of the NUM? Or was (plastic bullets) any more than 
it a mixture?” j relish visored helmets, 

The UDM was formed by shields flameproof over- 
moderaie miners' leaders, dis- a g s> But for all their implka- 
enchanted with the leadership non* if they permit the 
of Mr Arthur Scargill after the restoration ofthe rule of law to 
strike. It now claims about streets where there is the 
40,000 members. concerted ferodoos violence 

we saw last autnmn then 

•avr n n reluctantly and as a last resort 

IV rUlU Ml I will authorize their use." 

“ While plastic bullets have 
a 1 been available to police for 

PT 1 * 11 1 P some time — and were ready 

B. lUVs for use at Tottenham if local 

the agreement ai Hillsborough commanders had authorized 
last November. ■ their firing -water camion 

An overwhelming majority *re not. Two vehicles based on 
of people in Britain want * West German design have 
Northern Ireland to find a been under evaluation for sev- 

foture outside the United eral years and at one time their 

Kingdom according to an use looked tike befog aban- 

opinion poD conducted on the doned because of their imprac- 

mainlana tteatity in many British 

Only 26 'per cent want the situation s. 
province to remain part of the They were considered too 

UK, while 24 per cent wish it ponderous for narrow Loodon 

to be part of the Irish Republic — 

and 35 per cent an indepen- 

dent state. IVlfln ilCK 

The .finding? of the Gallup # • 

PbU conducted among 1,096 friTinn TA 
people in England, Wales and it J 11IE iU 
Scotland but excluding the s-m a * 

province, reflects the lack of *hllV VOlPVl 
interest on the mainland with w v v L-VkJ 

the north and its seemingly By Our Political 

intractable problems. Correspondent 

The poll conducted for Mr Neil Kmnock was yes- 
tonight's Brass Tacks pro- today accused of putting race 
gramme on BBC2 television, relations at risk in an attempt 
shows that 47 per cent ap- to “buy votes" with an under- 
prove of tbe agreement giving taking that Labour would 
Dublin a role m the affairs of repeal the 1971 and 1981 
the north, 32 per cent are immqpation and nationality 
opposed. 14 per cent don't laws, 
know and 6 per cent don't Mr John Wheeler, a senior 
care. Conservative member of the 

But 48 per cent of those Commons home afifeirs select 
questioned said any referen- co mm itt ee, said that the La- 
dum on the future ofthe north hour leader's promise, made 
should be held only in the during his visit to India, 
province. opened op the prospect of an 

escalation of primary 
Change in t h i nki ng, page 10 forarigration. 

He said: “I believe it wfll do 

T-**.!. Cl A ^ immense harm to race rela- 

irisn aea 

Labour has already prom- 

AOC t*l rr iscd replace the 

1 lc£ existing Acts with nou-radal 
^ a a aon-discriminatury legis- 

lation, but tbe speed and 
^ * Uvuu IvU strength of Conservative reac- 
Experts from British Gas tion to Mr Kin nock's latest 
were yesterday investigating statement suggests that muni- 
cracks in an accommodation could well become one 

rig in the Irish Sea, after 350 th* controversial bat- 

streets and too powerful be- 
cause the jet is capable of 
overturning a car. They would 
also be vulnerable after their 
tanka were emptied which 
takes about four minutes at 
frill flow. 

But they could be used in 
disorders in large open spaces 
where a meeting or march had 
got out of hand. In a Commons 
written answer earlier this 
year a Home Office minister 
said the camion amid be used 
with a dye. 

In his report Sir Kenneth 
also warned of the dangers of 
disaffection with authority and 
criticism of the police which 
might turn the service in on 
itself. Tbe result would be 

Sir Kenneth argued against 
the creation of any third force 
as exists in France. 

Sir Kenneth said yesterday 
that despite the increase of 
1,200 men gpvea to Ins force 
last week, foe manpower 
shortage in London was so 
serious that street patrols had 
become “wonryingly thin." 

There woe now only 10 or 
so officers to provide cover for 
60,000 to 70,000 Londoners at 
a time when street robberies 
had grown more violent. 

But foe cost of at least some 
policing in areas tike orga- 
nized crime might be reduced 
by expanding the idea of 
seizure of assets. 

Sir Nwwprh said his raB to 

KLilfoyle, the party's regional 
1 trouble-shooter, mid ire was 
given a standing ovation by 
rank-and-file party members. 

Members of the Picton ward 
party, in the Liverpool 
Mosley Hill constituency, 
also voted to defy tbe execu- 
tive expulsion of Mr hn 
Lowes, the Militants* trade 
union co-ordinatorm ifaecity. 

But party officials gave 
warning last night that any 
confrontation between the na- 
tional mid local parties could 
result in a withdrawal of 
funds. . . 

: One official said^Any con- 
stituency party gets most of its 
money from affiliation foes. 
Trade unions would refuse to 
recognize them.bnce they are 
distended by the Labour 

There was no doubt among 
Labour MPs last night that Mr 
Neil Kinnock would follow 
through his programme of 
expulsions, with party dis- 
bandments if necessary, in 
order to show the firm smack 
of leadership which is evident- 
ly favoured by potential La- 
bour voters. 

Mr Kinnock has made clear 
his determination to clear out 
the leadership of Liverpool’s 
Militant “maggots" and has 
given every indication that he 


He said the -Govenunem 
had gone wrong in separating 
the dockyard from its 
J workforce contrary to Europe- 
an Law.**The Government has 
[ omitted to have regard for 
European law. It is not possi- 
ble to sell the dockyard with- 
out its workers. 

“It is like a beehive. You 
cannot sell a hive without its 
bees or bees without their 
hive." r 

He later said he was mar- v 
shalling ’ opposition in the 
Lords to the Bill “No one had 
looked very dosdy at the legal 
implications of tire Bill until I 
studied them in the House of 
Lords library." 

Kerb crawling 
appeal lost 

A Conservative county and 
borough councillor . in Staf- 
fordshire lost his appeal at 
Dudley Crown Court yester- 
day against a conviction for 
kerb crawling imposed by 
Wolverhampton magistrates 
last February. 

Judge Frank Blennerhassett 
told Alan Harris, a building 
society manager, of Clevedon 
Road. Stafford: “We are quite 
satisfied there were two sepa- 
rate cases of an approach by 
you to women and we do not 
believe your diverse and var- 
ied explanations for your ex- 
traordinary Behaviour.” 
Harris was ordered to pay a 
maximum of £250 costs. 

liseu. ine result wuuia ov our nemaeui sum ms cuu ro siycu cvcij iuumumu >«. Tk /f • ■ m 

“concentration on.* “war* raft- the HomeOfficefbr over 3,000 will proceed with patience and IMlSSITiff W1TB S 
er than a ‘service’ modd, with more officers had been an care in completing a task Ja - 0 , 

binning of the boundaries “honest, objective —very which is fraught with legal TO HU fl 

between the civil police role, conservative" assessment of dangers and potential chal- ^ T _ __ „ . . 

the Army role and that of some police needs in London. lenges in the High Court. Aime Lo^foS^fouiId hw 

To make one officer avail- Bui as Mr David Steel, the nnH fw>k in 

province to remain part of the 
U1C.- while 24 per cent wish it 
to be part of the Irish Republic 
and 35 per cent an indepen- 
dent state. 

The .findings of the Gallup 
Poll conducted among 1,096 
people in England, Wales and 
Scotland but excluding the 
province, reflects the lack of 
interest on the mainland with 
the north and its seemingly 

The poll, conducted for 
tonight's Brass Tacks pro- 
gramme on BBC2 television, 
shows that 47 per cent ap- 
prove of the agreement giving 
Dublin a role in the affairs of 
the north. 32 per cent are 
opposed. 14 per cent don't 

dum on the future ofthe north 
should be held only in the 

Change fo thinking, page 10 

Irish Sea 
gas rig 

workmen were airlifted out on tiegrouuds of the next election 
Tuesday. campaign. 

The cracks were seen two Wheeler said yesterday 
weeks ago in the Iras ofthe rig, that Labour was threa tenin g to 
part of a six-platform gas field *** 5 , ^ rin £f y 1 , 
in Morecambe Bay. “rocketing teck to 100,000 a 

Now 130 of the men will be 

flown in daily to continue r** 1 ®. popi!” 15 *? of endless 
final construction work on the nnn “H ra * K5n * or years to 

£1.3 billion field's platfonns. 
Tbe rest will be laid off until 
the investigation is completed. 

Hie rig. built by Cammell 
Laird, of Birkenhead, has been 
in service since last January. 
Its legs can be jacked up and 
the rig moved from site to ate, 
unlike the other Morcambe 
Bay platforms, which are per- 
manently in place. 

The cracks were noticed in 
the jacking mechanism of its 
legs as the rig was moored 
alongside one of the 

British Gas said:“We decid- 
ed things had gone far enough 
and as a sensible precaution 
we took the men off” 

There are still’ 390 workers 
on board other platforms in 
the field. 

immigralion for years to 

The Government, be added, 
had hi get wmnig rft— 

tion off' the political 
agenda/’Presnmably, Mr 
Kmnock is seeking to buy 
votes in the ethnic minority’ 
community, and will put the 
whole future of race relations 
in jeopardy for those votes." 

Mr Wheeler also raised foe 
question of the six million 
British subjects in Hong Kong 
whose future bad been settled 
by the British Nationality Act. 
“If that is repealed, it throws 
the whole issue bade into the 
melting pot" 

He said that Mr Kinnock's 
statement was “an inexcusable 
adventure for the short-term 
pretext of buying votes". 

Leading article, page 11 

er than a ‘service’ model with 
blurring of the . boundaries 
between the dvfl police role, 
the Army role and that of some 
third force." 

Last year at Brixton and 
Tottenham such a blurring 
had taken place for a few 
hours. There was a danger in 
^poliringoh a ‘Srar footing" hot 

NGA chief 
fails to 
stop case 

The case against Mr Tony 
Dubbins, the print union lead- 
er arrested two months ago 
outside News International's 
printing plant at Wanping, 
east London, must go ahead, 
magistrates ruled yesterday. 
He is accused of obstructing 
the highway during a 

The • hearing at Thames 
Magistrates’ Court was ad- 
journed last week after Mr i 
Geoffrey Robertson, counsel 
for Mr Dubbins, argued that 
as a result of police action in 
blocking ofTGtamis Road and 
diverting traffic from 9.30pm 
it had erased to be a highway 
for the purposes of the law. 

Mr Peter Badge, the magis- 
trate, adjourned the case for a 
week to consider whether it 
should be dropped. 

But yesterday he said: “In 
my judgement, Giamis Road 
at the material time remained 
a highway and accordingly I 
reject tbe submissions and 
rule that there is a case to be 

It will be heard on June 27. 
Mr Dubbins, aged 41, general 
secretary of the National 
Graphical Association, was 
given unconditional baft. 

Mr Badge considered the 
law in relevant cases and said 
it bad not been directly decid- 
ed by those cases whether a 
highway ceased to be a high- 
way when free access to ft was 
restricted to a class of people^ 
and not the public at huge, by 
police action. 

In all the cases considered 
where a highway had been- 
deemed to cease to be a 
highway there appeared to be 
a degree of finality, in that a 
decision was made by a court 

There was no evidence here 
that there bad been court or 
analogous proceedings, be 

Mr Dubbins said after- 
wards: “What comes through 
from the decision this morn- 
ing is that the whole legal, 
position is sorrfewhat unclear 
in that area, and we ourselves 
very dearly now have to give 
some consideration to wheth- 
er to prosecute this particular 
matter to appeaL7 

conservative" assessment of 
police needs In London. 

To make one officer avail- 
able on tire streets 24 horns a 
day, seven days a week re- 
quired a total of 5.4 officers to 
cover all foe shifts, rest days 
and other duties. 

Anne Lock have found her 
diary and telephone book in 



tins ont with her W&sh cob, Hector, on a l/t00-mile ride to 
John O’Groats, which will take three months. Miss 
Benjamin, from London, hopes to raise £10,000 for the 
Third World charity. Intermediate Technology. 

Whitehall shies from 
pay linked to profits 

By George Hill 

The Treasury and the De- round Jnto a fund which 
partment of Employment would pay a “dividend" 
both disdaimed a plan by the linked • to their company’s 

partment of Employment would 
both disdaimed a plan by tbe linked 
Chancellor of the Exchequer profits, 
to base pay rises on a proposed It i 

profit-sharing scheme. Chance 

Both departments were sirs- the scheme and the tax relief 
piejous that. tbe. kite might . on an agreed proportion of 

haw been flown by the other, participants 1 ' pay 
although the Treasury was unpopular, as it t 

more inclined to discount the drop jn pay daring years of 
need for any modification of low profits. 

u. rrij « ■ - » 

Mr Nigd Lawson’s' idea. 

Lord Young of Graffham, would only risk pay rises they 

Secretary of Slate for E 
meat, is a fertile source 

ideas but be is precluded by solution to one of its main 
Whitehall protocol from pub- drawbacks: the fact that work- 
licly taking the lead in what is ers in public sector services 
strictly a matter of fiscal - would derive no incentives as 
policy. However, his depart- they work for concerns that 
mental brief gives him the cannot earn profits, 
right to ensure that any Mr-Lawson said last month 
scheme is acceptable to that he hoped to produce a 
employees. consultation document on the 

right to ensure that any Mr-Lawson said last month 
scheme is acceptable to that he hoped to produce a 
employees. consultation document on foe 

The idea would be for proposals in July, with a view 
workers to agree to put the to bringing in legislation be- 
^ins from their annual pay fore foe next general election. 

Police warning against student high jinks 

Liberal leader, has already un dergrowth half a mile from y- 
pomted ouL the ultimate firootanan’s Park railway sta-^ 
questron is whether the votc^ tion in Hertfordshire which 
are going to be satisfied with ^ on her 

limited purges. . • way home. 

' — ' ;. . . : ... -Police say there were no 

‘ • signs of a struggle near where 
r .* : 'r '/*. -.v* either item was found and 

>?$? ‘ . they how plan to search a lake 

V' : v:.'' ^ ^ near where the articles were 

! V” : '-i =■ * !• * found. 

-^‘Hot line' 
for ftigitive 

Police have appealed to 
Tony Hariow. who disap- 
peared after four shooting 
incidents in Dudley, West 
Midlands, to surrender his 
pistol and contact them. 

There is asperiai telephone 4 
“hot line” for Mr Hariow, 
aged 23, to use. He disap- 
peared on Sunday after a 
shooting incident in a public 
house and js now believed to 
be hiding with friends. 

Revolt topples 
Glasgow chief 

- Mrs Jean McFadden was 
deposed as leader of Glasgow 
City Council’s ruling Labour 
group yesterday by Mr Pal 
Lally in a backbench revoh. 

Fs End yesterday before set- McFadden, who led foe 

setor, on ai 1,400-mile ride to f^up for nine years, was 
take three months. Mbs defeated by 30 votes to 27 in a 
s to raise £10,000 for the • tellot. There had been 
mediate Technology. growing unrest over her style 

of leadership and the # 

-m • administration’s centralized 

hies from 

to profits SdShtowell 

^ . _ . ... A memorial service for 

xswd jnto a fund which Lorf Shin well, who died on 
dividend^ May 8 . aged 101.' is to be held 
mked to their company s in the Palace of Westminster’s 

. . . . • f Grand Committee Room on 

It is argued that the j une 19 

rhancellor’s proposal to base Mrs ’Margaret Thatcher, 
be scheme and foe tax relief members of the Cabinet and 
in an agreed proportion of many of Lord Shin well’s for- 
tartrcipants’ {xry might prove mer cofteagues from both 
inpopular, as rt might entail a Houses of Parliament have 
Irop jn pay danng years of been invited, 
ow profits. 

Under the. scheme workers SilCTU^rt M 

rould only risk pay rises ftey 11 CCU 

night never have enjoyed. One of three men held for 
But foe scheme ofms no questioning over foe tnulti- 
oiution to one of its main million potmd art theft last 
irawbacks: the feet that work- week from foe home of Sir 
rs in public sector services Alfred Beit, at Blessington. Co 
rould derive no incentives as Wicklow, in foe Irish Repub- 
icy work for concerns that lie, was released early yester- 
annot earn profits. . day. The other two were- being 

Mr-Lawson said last month questioned by detectives at 
tat he hoped to produce a Mallow. Co Cork. 
oosuJiaiion document on foe 4 1 

reposals in July, with a view F OuC 6 LTlHl 

iisAvasss: ssamg&g 

• • Groce wifo a gun at her home 

A x . - *■ 

It is argued that the 
Chancellor’s proposal to base 

ht prove 
t entail a 

Under the. scheme .workers 

might never have en_ 
But the scheme oi 

•frers n 

Oxfam Publications. Room TM71. 
Fnasposc Oxford OX2 78R. 

ase send me copies of 

ai £3.00 ( + 50p p&p) each. 

I enclose £ 

I enckwea donation of £ for 

Oxf am’s work in Southern Africa 

— uniHin] 



By Robin Young 

The head of the Oxford police force 
has written to all 12,000 students at 
Oxford University, warning them 
against excessive celebrations at the 
end of their examinations. 

Chief Snperintendent John 
Goodeuough says that whDe he quite 
understands the rad of exantinations 
might occasion some joyftd relief ami 
a desire to let off steam, what happens 
now is more like hooliganism. In a 
circular dispatched by foe University 
proctors’ office, be sternly warns that 
a conviction for obstruction or other 

public order offences couM blight 
career and travel prospects, regard- 
less of examination results. 

Candidates a nd thei r friends have 
traditionally gathered outside the 
University Examination Schools in 
the Oxford High Street to drink 
champagne, shower confetti and per- 
form handstands at the conclusion of 
their trial by written papers. 

But frolics race observed tolerantly 
by two bowler-batted proctors’ bull- 
dogs and groups of wryly amused 
townspeople now require the atten- 
dance of up to 20 police officers and 

;r izr-r- ^ 

have brought a sharp rise in com- 
plaints from members of foe pubfic 
who have been doused in ftomp ii w 
hit with bottles; bombarded with Bom 
bombs, squirted with sticky foam 
front aerosols, or simply canght in 
traffic jams censed by celebrants in 
the street 

The city engineers’ department has 
an increasingly difficult job clearing 
up afterwards, and both, proctors ana 
the police have been increasingly 
concerned at the annoyance cansed by 
the students, Chief Superintendent 
Goodenoogh said. 

In March, rush-hour traffic was 
held up by 140 first-year students who 
poured oat of foe examination bmld- 
ing at foe end of pr eBminai y enuring 
tious to be greeted by. SO supporters 

nal Court by Bow " Street 
magistrates. Douglas Love- 
lock, aged 42. was allowed 
unconditional baiL 

sUUVWZsrS Heart setback 

mascots. The numbers at foe end of Paul vmiU. j 

mascots. The numbers at foe end of 
next mouth’s finals win nm into 

The chief superintendent urges foe 
stude nts to follo w the proctors’ advice 1 
and return directly to their colleges to 
.celebrate without aggra vating the 
otizemy of their .host Ay and its ’ 

Paul Worthington, aged six, 
of Mkfcieover. Derby, foe 
youngesi-ever heart transplant 
patient at Papworth Hospital 
hear Cambridge, is back in the 
intensive care unit after a 
slight setback. The hogjital 
raid his condition was stable 
but. not serious.' "■ ■ J * 

.•rV'w-SV. " 


iiifc nMhS LHURbUr. ' :.J.Y 2y I9S0 



Oxford and London 
shine in star 
ratings for research 

Big differences between uni- 
versities were revealed yester- 
* . day in the University Grants 
. ’ Committee’s first review, of 
the quality of research in the 

• United Kingdom. 

Many universities, includ- 
ing Oxford and Cambridge. 
. Warwick, Sussex and London 
■ did well; others such as Kede 
. were bitterly disappointed 
with a below average rating in 
17 departments. 

In the com mi nee's letter to 
Oxford, the University Grants 
. Committee rated 36 of its 
' departments above average 
and gave 32 of those a star, 
denoting outstanding merit by 
international standards. Four 
of hs departments were de- 
scribed as average, and one — 

. Education — below average. 
Sir Patrick Neill, the 
university's vice chancellor, 

■ . was nevertheless unhappy 
. with the way the new budget 
allocations to the universities 
had been made. Part of the 

* funding for next year (15 per 
cent) is to be awarded for 
quality of research. 

“Oxford has been very high- 
; ■ ty rated in terms of academic 

■ research," he said. “Notwith- 
standing this recognition of 
Oxford as a centre of interna- 
tional excellence, the result of 
the new formula has produced 
a totally inadequate grant for 

' next year— cut by more than 5 
per cent in real terms." 

Keeie’s poor rating for re- 

- search comes after last week's 
news that its budget was to be 

. cut by 0.5 per cent next year. 
Only one of its departments 

■ was rated above average — 
'Communications and Neuro- 
science — none was starred 
and nine were rated average. 

- Professor Brian Fender, die 
vice chancellor, said that 

■ many new appointments were 
being made which would lead 
to rapid improvement. Of the 
0.5 per cent budget cut, he 

-said: “We will just have to 
"squeeze down on everything." 

Some universities were 
pleasantly surprised by their 
performance rating. Essex, a 

By Tim Jones and Xmcy Hodges 

The Coondl of the Universi- 
ty of East Anglia la Norwich 
will review its disciplinary 
code after violent scenes which 
forced the right-wing Conser- 
vative MP Mr John Carlisle 
to abandon a speech last 

The Conndl has endorsed a 
decision by the Senate con- 
demning the actions of more 
than 50 students who blocked 
the entrance to the halL 
A university . spokesman 
said yesterday: “It was the 
first tune, anything tflty this 
had happened." The universi- 
ty Intends to set up legislation 
so that action can be taken 
against individuals or groups 
in the event of simi lar trouble. 

university with a radical stu- 
dent reputation , received six 
stars, one of which was few 
sociology. Three other depart- 
ments were described as above 
average, three, were average 
and three below average. The 
below average were Maths, 
Chemistry and Literature. 

Newcastle University had 
10 departments ratal as above 
average, with four of these 
starred, 18 average and 12 
below average. 

The City University, a small 
university in London, refused 
to give precise details. It said 
its Business Studies was above 
average, Music was average 
and Engineering and Physical 
Sciences below average. No 
subjects were starred. 

Nottingham had nine of its 
departments or “cost centres” 
(the committee's terminology) 
described as above average, of 
which five were starred. Nine 
departments were average and 
eight below average. 

Kent, another small univer- 
sity, was reasonably pleased 
with its performance. Of its 
departments or “cost centres", 
five were described as above 
average, four as average and 
four as below average. Three 
subjects were described as 
outstanding and given a star. 
London University did 

well. University College re- 
ceived 18 stars for afi four of 
its Engineering departments, 
three of its Medical depart- 
ments. Applied Mathematics. 
Archaeology, nnd Ancient 
"World Studies, and for Ed 
. ish, Italian, Linguistics. Phi- 
losophy and History of Art. 

Other subjects to receive 
stars at University College 
were Geography, Anthropolo- 
gy, Laws, and The Bartlett 
School of Architecture and 
Planning. One department — 
the Dental school — was below 

Twelve out of 16 “cost 
centres" at King's College 
were described as above aver- 
age, and six out of eight al the 
London School of Economics. 

Warwick also did well. Of 
its 15 departments, 10 were 
rated above average, four 
about average and one — 
Science Education — below 
average. Seven subjects were 
marked with a star. 

York also did well Six 
subject areas were awarded a 
star, six were described as 
better than average, eight av- 
erage and one below average. 

At Birmingham, eight cost 
centres were described as bet- 
ter than average, and of those 
four were outstanding. Thir- 
teen were average and four 
below average. 

There was a shock for 
Southampton's Medical Fac- 
ulty. Three of the areas de- 
scribed as below average were 
in Medicine. At Southampton, 
11 cost centres were above 
average, of which seven were 
rated outstanding, and 1 1 
were average. 

At Exeter six departments 
were described as above aver- 
age and one was starred, and 
at Hull five were described as 

Stirling University in Scot- 
land was disappointed with its 
rating. Only three of its de- 
partments were described as 
above average, seven were 
average and nine below aver- 

age. It received no sta rs. 


page 11 

takes on 
new role 

The Royalty Theatre ia 
London's West End will soon 
become one of the capital's 
most modern, multi-pnrpose 
theatres, according to its new 

The Stoll Moss theatre 
group yesterday acquired a 
long-term leasehold for the 
Royalty from Thames Televi- 
sion, bringing the number of 
West End theatres it controls 

Mr Louis Benjamin, presi- 
■ dent of Stoll Moss, said the 
Royalty faces an “exciting, 
high tech future". 

He added: “The West End 
is still depressed and many 
theatres will have to adapt to a 
multi-purpose role to survive.” 

Stoll Moss Theatres ex- 
pects to spend several hundred 
thotBand pounds on refurbish- 
ing the 1,005-seat theatre and 
reception area, providing a 
showcase for both traditional 
shows and galas, as weH as 

Mr Benjamin said the the- 
atre has one of the hugest 
areas for receptions and con- 
ventions hi London. 

Buflt in 1960 on the site of 
the old Stoll Theatre, which 
was built late last century, the 
theatre has been used by 
Thames to televise many of its 

File was barred to 
bomb detective 

A detective investigating 
the IRA bombing of the 
Grand Hotel, Brighton, was 
not allowed to see the Special 
Brandt file on Patrick Magee, 
the man accused of planting 
the bomb, the Central Crimi- 
nal Court was told yesterday. 

Det Supt Gordon Stepney, 
of Scotland Yard's anti-terror- 
ist branch, told the jury on the 
fifteenth day of the trial that 
there was a Special Branch file 
on Mr Magee but that he had 
oot seen it 

Cross-examining him, Mr 
Richard Feignson, .for Mr 
Magee, asked: “You are the 
officer in charge. Are you 
saying you have not checked 
the Special Branch file on this 

Mr Stepney replied: “I have 
not; I would not be allowed to 
look at it because I am not 
positively vetted and I am not 
a member of the Special 

Mr Ferguson alleged that 
Mr Magee's prints had been 
planted on a Grand Hotel 
registration card. Mr Stepney 
denied the allegation. 

Mr FerguSon said: “1 sug- 
gest Magee’s face fitted and, 
once his face fitted a decision 
was made that he was the man 
you could blame for the 
Brighton bombing." 

Mr Stepney replied: “Not to 
my knowledge." He also de- 

nied that, before his arrival on 
the case, some of his col- 
leagues had decided to “put 
Magee in the frame" for the 
Brighton attack. 

The explosion occurred on 
October 12, 1984, killing five 
people at the Conservative 
Party conference, and Mr 
Stepney said that in the same 
month police believed that Mr 
Magee, aged 34, could have 
been responsible. 

The jury was told that Mr 
Magee was wanted for IRA 
bombings in the south of 
England in 1978 and 1 979 and 
an attempt to extradite him 
from The Netherlands had 

Mr Stepney, cross-exam- 
ined by Mr Ferguson, said that 
when he joined the anti- 
terrorist branch 15 months 
ago he would have been 
briefed about IRA suspects. 

He confirmed that Mr 
Magee had three convictions 
as a juvenile. 

Mr Magee is accused of 
planting the time-delay device 
at the Grand Hotel a month 
before the conference, causing 
the explosion and murdering 
the five people who died. 

With four others he is also 
accused of plotting a “bomb-a- 
day" series of 16 attacks in 
London and coastal resorts 
last summer. All plead not 

Karen Jones, aged 20, a flautist who was a BBC Young Mu- 

sician of the Year and won a gold medal in the Shell-London 
Symphony Orchestra scholarship last year, leaves for 
Athens on Saturday. She is going with the European 
Comm rarity Youth Orchestra which collects its share of a 
$100,000 cultural prize from the Alexander Onassis Public 
Benefit Foundation on Tuesday (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

Court war 
on hippy 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
. Correspondent 

The Government is *»lring 
powers to deal with “peace 
convoys" which invade private 
laud. Meanwhile, Mr Les 
Attweil a Somerset fanner 
who claims he faces rain 
because of a hippy camp on bis 
land, is to seek court action in 
London today. 

Mr Attwefl, aged 57, who 
suffers from «npma, collapsed 
when a convoy of 100 vehicles 
moved on to his 101-acre farm 
near'Yeovil last Friday. He 
daims that the hippies, who 
are massing for the outlawed 
summer solstice festival at 
Stonehenge, are ruining him 
as be will get no silage crop 
from the 13-acre Geld and will 
have to sell his stock to pay 
lawyers* fees. 

Home Office ministers are 
expected to give details of the 
Government's action to Mr 
Simon GodHay, president of 
the National Fanners* Union, 
on Tuesday. Mr Gonriay will 
emphasize the need to protect 
fanners and landowners more 
adequately if there is trespass 
by parties of itinerants. 

Ministers are expect e d to 
say that the Government has 
extended the scope of the 
Public Order Bill to private 
land, to catch misbehaviour by 
such groups. 

Once the B3I is hi force, 
anyone on private land who 
threatens violence, behaves in 
a disorderly maimer or is 
likely to cause alarm, harass- 
ment or distress win commit 
an offence. 

The Home Office said yes- 
terday- that under the Police 
and Criminal Evidence Act 
1984, which came into force 
this year, police have power to 
enter private land and make 
arrests if there is a breach of 
the peace. 

help for 
Sport Aid 

Robin Cousins, the British 
ice skater, yesterday launched 
a record of his personal skat- 
ing theme. Good as Gold, in 
London as part of the Sport 
Aid famine appeal 

The former Olympic gold 
medallist and 1985 world 
professional skating champi- 
on. said four months of hard 
work and £10.000 in private 
donations have been invested 
in the record, which is distrib- 
uted by EMI and available 
from all record shops in 
Britain from today. 

Sport Aid organizers were 
yesterday trying to collect all 
the money raised by Sunday's 
worldwide Race Against 

With £5 million promised 
in the United Kingdom alone 
and millions more to come 
from sponsorship, organizers 
expect the final world total to 
exceed the £60 million 
achieved by Live Aid. 

planned at 

By Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

The British Airports Au- 
thority unveiled plans yester- 
day fora passenger terminal at 
Stansted airport, in Essex, 
that its designer said would be 
“tranquil, simple to under- 
stand and easy to use". 

The terminal, which will 
open in late 1990 ready for the 
1991 summer season, will be 
capable of handling up to eight 
million passengers a year. The 
total cost, including new cargo 
facilities, roads, taxi ways and 
aircraft aprons, will be 
£290 million. 

The designer, Mr Norman 
Foster, the British architect of 
the £500 million Hongkong 
Bank headqoarters in Hong 
Kong which opened earlier 
this year, said: “The BAA 
brief was for an efficient, cost- 
effective and joyful bunding." 

Sir Norman Payne, chair- 
man of BAA, described Mr 
Foster's scheme as a ‘‘new 
generation terminal exciting 
and innovative". It would be 
bmltat no cost to the taxpayer. 

Flexibility and security are 
two key aspects of the design, 
hi response to guidelines laid 
down by the Department of 
Transport on ways of combat- 
ing international terrorism. 

A detailed planning applica- 
tion for the terminal, at the 
north-east corner of the air- 
port, was submitted yesterday 
to Uttiesford District Council 
which is expected to approve 
the plan in September. 

The two-storey building will 
allow passengers to move 
through the airport on one 
level, beneath a huge glazed 
roof structure. Baggage will be 
handled in the lower level 
A new rail station, linking 
with the British Rail main 
line, Cambridge to Liverpool 
Street in London, will take 
passengers into the building. 

The terminal will be partly 
submerged into the site to 
minimize its intrusion into the 
surrounding countryside. 
About 10 per cent of the new 
development area will be land- 
scaped and 250,000 trees and 
shrubs will be planted. 

Stansted is eventually likely 
to handle about 15 million 
passengers a year, although 
farther expansion alter the 
present phase will need parlia- 
mentary approval. 

The existing terminal is 
used by half a million passen- 
gers a year and has the 
capacity to take up to two 
mUlioa passengers. 

Advantage has been taken 
of the greenfield site to avoid 
the long distances and incon- 
venience to passengers of 
changes of level and clutter 
associated with many other 
terminal buildings. “Calm, 
clarity and convenience are the 
key words," Mr Foster said. 

Britain is left with 
one astronaut on 
US space shuttle 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The number of flights by as back-up to Squadron Lead- 
Briiish astronauts in Ameri- 
can space shuttle aircraft is 
being cut from two to one 
because of the Challenger 
explosion, the Ministry of 
Defence announced yester- 
day. But the four British 
astronauts still hope to go into 

The American shuttle will 
launch British Skynet military 
communications satellites. 

Of four potential British 
astronauts who have under- 
gone extensive training for 
flights on the American space 
shuttle, only one. Squadron 
Leader Nigel Wood, is now 
scheduled to go up in the 
shuttle, although his flight is 
being delayed for about two 
years, from next month to 

The changes have arisen 
because of the destruction of 
the Challenger shuttle in 

Commander Peter 
Longhurst had been selected 
to go up in the shuttle with 
Skynet B early next year, but 
the Ministry of Defence an- 
nounced that the satellite was 
now to be launched by the 
unmanned European Ariane 

After hearing the derision. 

Commander Longhurst said: 

“Naturally I am disappointed 
in the delay, but the decision is 
in the best interests of Skynet. 

On a persona] note I am 
hopeful of getting into space 
one day because I think we 
need missions to enhance our 
knowledge of manned space 

The other two members of 
the British team are Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Richard 
Farrimond, of the Royal Sig- 
nals. who had been designated 

No extra public cash 
for homes, Ridley says 

By Christopher Warman. Property Correspondent 
Public spending on bousing seeing depends on maintain- 
ing a fair division between 

the near future. Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, the newly-appointed 
Secretary of Stale for the 
Environment, said yesterday. 

Mr Ridley told the annual 
conference of the National 
Federation of Housing Associ- 
ations that, while better hous- 
ing was one of the most 
important aims of the Gov- 
ernment, “the level of public 
sector resources for housing 
has been limited, and is likely 
to remain so". 

He said it was important 
not to pre-empt too great a 
share of gross national prod- 
uct if Britain wanted to see 
continuing economic growth. 
“The increasing prosperity of 
the country which we are now 

public and private spending." 

Mr Ridley said: “We wish to 
replace growth in public fund- 
ing by growth in private 
investment. We must move 
away from the native as- 
sumption that public funding 
is the only way to provide 
money for housing for all but 
those able to be owner- 

Owner-occupation had in- 
creased from 55 per cent to 
64 percent since 1979, a rise 
of 2.2 million households. 

Calls for an end to mortgage 
tax relief would mean break- 
ing faith with those who had 
been encouraged to I3ke the 
first step into home owner- 
ship. Mr Ridley said. 

Data Protection Act 

MPs confused over registration rules 

By Anthony Bevins and Amanda Haigb 

Public confttsion over the 
application of the Data Pro- 
tection Act is shared by the 
’MPs who helped to put the 
new computer law on to the 
statute book in 1984. 

The office of the Data 
Protection Registrar, based at 
Wilmslow, Cheshire, said yes- 
. terdav that 130,000 applica- 
tions had so for been received 
. from companies, institutions 
and individuals who main- 
tained personal computer 

; But it has been estimated 
that between 170.000 and 
. ' 870.000 other computer users 
could be in breach of the 
registration requirements 
which came in to effect on 1 1 
May — with the potential risk 

of unlimited fines. 

It is understood that a 
number of MPs who maintain 
computer files on constituen- 
cy case work — including 
names and addresses of con- 
stituents and problems to 
solve — have failed to apply 
for registration and are there- 
fore hi breach of the law. 

One of the areas of confu- 
sion is the responsibility of 
central party headquarters to 
make a block registration. The 
registrar’s office said that be- 
cause the Social Democratic 
Party maintained central con- 
trol over computer files for 
membership, campaigning 
and fund raising, it had been 
allowed central registration. 

He added, however, that 

this registration would not 
cover computer files main- 
tained by SDP MPs on their 

Nevertheless, Mr John 
Cartwright, SDP MP for 
Woolwich, told The Times 
that he had been advised that 
he was not required to register 
although he Tan a computer 
and word processor on which 
he kept the names of constitu- 
ents who needed to be kept 
informed of developments on 
specific issues. 

The registrar’s office said 
that only people who main- 
tained personal family and 
household data were excluded 
from the provisions of the Act 
and that MPS would have to 
register if they kept constitu- 

Computer prank that cost £1,000 

A computer consultant's at- 
tempt to say “goodbye folks" 
to his colleagues every tune 
they entered hfa leaving date 
Into Dixons' staff record com- 
puter drew a complete blank, 
Acton Crown Court was told 

Because of a programming 
■error by Dean Talboys. in- 
stead of the message flashing 
bn the visual display unit, the 
screens went bank «bo the 
date was entered, rendering 
thousands of pounds worth of 
equipment cnusaWe- 

“What ftaraoonted tew&sa 
piece of. comparer graffiti. But 
imlil» most graffiti which can 
be robbed oat or printed over. 

it cost Dixons more than 
£1,000 to investigate, discover 
what he had done, and put it 
right," Mr Austen Issaxd- 
Daries, for the prosecution. 

“In some way be left the 
joke unfinished and the pro- 
gram. including a stop, was 
transferred from the testing 
environment to the production 

environment," be said. 

Mr David Evans, for the 
defence, said the attempted 
practical joke was immediate- 
ly traced to TaIboys,“rather 
like a burglar who has left his 
visiting caidl rid he was seen 
by police. He agreed that is 
was an irreponsiUe and reck- 

less thing to do, the court was 

. Talboys, aged 26, of Kemble 
Court Milton Keynes, was 
conditionally discharged and 
ordered to pay Dixons £1000 
compensation after pleading 
guflty to criminal da m a ge 
between October 1983 and 
November 1984. 

Judge Quarren Evans, said: 
“Offices without a certain 
amount of humour would be 
very dry and dusty places. But 
this is not.tbe type of equip- 
ment to be a medium for 
practical jokes. They are too 
expensive to remedy, partjea- 
foriy when the joke-goes wrong 
as this one did." 

ency case files on computer. 

The Commons confusion 
also applied to word proces- 
sors. Mr Graham Bright Con- 
servative MP for Luton South, 
said he had registered before 
the May 11 deadline, but 
added: “ We are very much 
borderline because word pro- 
cessors do not apply." That is 
not so, according to the 
registrar's office. 

Mr Bright was one of the 
first MPs to get a computer 
because of his Bill on video 
nasties. He said of the registra- 
tion process: “1 just hope we 
have got it right 1 voted for 
the Act The basic require- 
ments came from Europe and 
I support the basic principle of 
the Act" 

Other Conservative MPs 
who registered before the 
deadline included Mr John 
Hunt Ravensboume; Mrs 
Elaine Keliett-Bowman. Lan- 
caster; Mr Ivan Lawrence, 
Burton; Mr John Lee, Pendle: 
Mr Michael Lord, Suffolk 
Central; and Mr Nicholas 
Lyefl, Mid Bedfordshire. 

Mr Lawrence's constituency 
party uses the computer data 
for Tory membership and 
renewals and not for case work 
and Mr Lord records minor 
details such as “constituency 
birthdays and so on". Because 
Conservative Party ‘ associa- 
tions have greater computer 
autonomy than their SDP 
counierpanv they are not 
covered by .central party 

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er Wood, and a civilian, Mr 
Christopher Holmes, who was 
Commander Longhursi's 

The ministry said yesterday 
that for the time being the four 
men would return to normal 
duties. Squadron Leader 
Wood was to join the RAP’s 
Presentation team. Com- 
mander Longhurst would 
probably be given a sea post- 
ing. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Farrimond would return 10 
the Royal Signals and Mr 
Holmes would resume his 
work as deputy project manag- 
er of Skynet 4. 

The British National Space 
Centre is preparing plans for 
ministers to consider during 
the next 12 months. Mr Jack 
Leeming, director of policy 
and programmes at the centre, 
said that the European Space 
Agency plans would need 
Europe to develop a corps of 
astronauts and although there 
was no decision as to whether 
Britons -would be pan of it, 
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If British astronauts were 
required it was likely that the 
four who had already under- 
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sidered. “Their expertise is 
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Head teachers’ annual conference 

Parents are blamed for 
children who start 
school unable to speak 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Some children can hardly unable to play because their Parental responsibility for 
speak when thev start school constructive skills, which their own children must be'top 

speak when they start school 
because their parents do not 
talk to them at home, the 
president of the National .As- 
sociation of Head Teachers 
said >esterday. 

There were children in in- 
fant classes with a total lack of 
e'^erience needed for lan- 
guage development. They had 
had no stories, no nursery 
rhymes, no physical contact 
with adults, and no cultural 
background. Mrs Jeanne 
Leake told delegates on the 
Rest day of the conference in 

“Children are aggressive be- 
cause they haw been isolated 
and had 'no social training. 

constructive skills, which 
should be there by the age of 
three-and-a-half, are still 
dormant." she said. 

“There are children who 
have no manual dexterity, 
some never having seen a pair 
of scissors, used a penal or 
paint-brush, and who have yet 
to decide whether they are 
right or left-handed." 

Mrs Leake proposed that 
the Government fund a 
scheme to pay one parent to 
stay at home during their 
child's formative years. Moth- 
erhood was an honourable 
status and one to which the 
country gave scant regard, she 

No confidence in 
lovernment policy 

> By our Education Correspondent 

Head teachers yesterday 
demonstrated their opposition 
to the Government's educa- 
tion policies with a unani- 
mous vote or no confidence at 
their annual conference in 

The 550 delegates at the 
National Association of Head 
Teachers conference all voted 
in support of the motion of no 
confidence in the 

] he speakers condemned 
Sir Keith Joseph, the former 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion and Science, for the 
legacy he had left to the 
education service. 

Moving the motion. Mr 
John Wootton, head of 
Liscard Primary School in 
Merseyside, said that reforms 
such as the new GCSE exami- 
nation and the ideas in the 
White Paper. Better Schools. 
had to be paid for. 

“The Government has got 
to be honest with itself," he 
said. “If it wants best steak 
and trimmings then il cannot 
go on providing sausages and 
baked beans." 

The state of the country’s 
schools was a national dis- 
grace as evidenced 1 , by . the 
school inspectors’ (HMI) an- 
nual survey, he said. To 
3pplause and laughter, he. 
added:~“The only growth area 
among school equipment sup- 
pliers has been in the manu- 
facture of sellotape.” 

like other speakers he put 
his hopes in Mr Kenneth 

-; ‘green’ 

r By Our Political Staff 

Mr William WaJdegrave, 
Minister of State for the 
Environment, set out yester- 
day to justify the British 
approach to * conservation 
when he launched a report. 
Conservation and Develop- 
ment: The British Approach. 
oa the Government’s attitude 
ip environmental issues. 

•'“We ignore conservation at 
our peril." he said, replying lo 
tfie world conservation’strate- 
gj. which has urged all govern- 
ments to evolve policies of 
“Sustainable development" 
and so help prevent outbreaks 
oT famine and other 

-'“Concern for living 
r&ourccs.” he said, “must not 
be a bolt-on extra. It must 
become one of the basic 
assumptions by which all 
communities — local, nation- 
al and international — live." 

- He set out his approach as 

• the importance of knowl- 
edge and a strong science base, 
coupled with an awareness of 
cuir ignorance 

Cg the need to involve people, 
to recognize their interests and 
aspirations and to obtain their 
willing co-operation 

the need for balance and the 
avoidance of extremes. 

.-He is planning lo speak on 
conservation and industry at a 
conference in Ottawa, Cana- 
da next week to review the 

Baker, the new Secretary of 
Slate for Education and Sci- 

An amend me nt criticizing 
the Government's manage- 
ment of education rather than 
its education policies was 
heavily defeated after a strong 
speech from Mr Frank Mills, a 
member of the executive. 

He said that he understood 
the policies of the Govern- 
ment. but he did not like 

There were two things that 
overshadowed everything 
else, he said, the deliberate 
policy of underfunding and 
the encouragement of the 
independent sector at the 
expense of slate education. 

“If the countjy is hard up. it 
is even more important that 
we invest in quality." he said. 

Mr Mills said that the 
Government's policy on inde- 
pendent schooling mighi lead 
lo every school becoming a 
school which offered assisted 
places. “We must not shrink 
from pressing the Govern- 
ment to discharge its responsi- 
bility to children in the state 
sector. We should not be 
providing the education ser- 
vice that monetarists can af- 
ford. but we should afford the 
education service that the 
people of this country need 
and deserve.” 

Mr Stephen Gill head of 
Barton Clough primary school 
in Trafford, called on govern- 
ment ministers to restore pub- 
lic confidence in education. 

their own children must be'top 
priority, she added. “Far too 
often children are left aban- 
doned to their own devices in 
homes both affluent and poor. 
Neglected children soon find 
themselves in trouble and the 
social worker becomes the 
prop without whom the family 
would collapse.” 

The early years were crucial 
to a child's development, she 
said, and the influence of a 
secure home was of the utmost 
importance. During the first 
three years of life a child was 
supposed to have acquired 75 
per cent of all its learning. 

But long-term unemploy- 
ment had led to the break-up 
of marriages, she said. “Even 
where a child has both par- 
ents, boredom and bad man- 
agement or lack of money 
often results in battered chil- 
dren, battered wives or bat- 
tered husbands. 

“The ease of obtaining di- 
vorces and re-marriages con- 
tribute to children being at 

Good family relationships 
were essential to the well- 
being of children, she said, 
and the failure of adults to 
establish lasting relationships 
must have a backlash on 

Mrs Leake, head of Four 
Dwellings Junior School in 
Birmingham, called for heads 
to be given the same respect 
for their professionalism as 
doctors. No one told the 
surgeon where to put the 
knife, or questioned his diag- 
nosis. so why should teachers 
not be accorded the same 
respect for their knowledge 
and expertise? she asked. 

She said the teachers’ pay 
dispute had left many schools 
as sterile institutions without 
games, choirs, drama, chess, 
dance or sporL 

the chess 
‘Mafia 9 

. ByRaymondKeene , M'~. k - 

Chess Correspondent . ... 

Gary Kasparov, the world ~ 

champion, has lashed out 
again at World Chess Federa- 
tion officials, describing them 
as “an international chess 

The Soviet champion, aged Geoffrey Smith [ 

23, main tained bis reputation j _ ■* ■ 

for outspoken common ibid,* has bees hint? 

neons display agirasi foe En- ■*>* 

land Youth Team on 
uesday . 

Kasparov added: “It is only 

July 1988. This would be very-- 
da ngerous, according to foe - 
conventional wisdom. 

“h^ d - grandIMSler s are STiKSS.KJ £ 

U Kasparov’s score of 1 1 wins, TI«« fa for mairoB- 

be^tot Sfbfc EESlZ 

lutin e>/\rwt 0 wins. If how much of a risk wfli Mrs . 

The illustrations above are from the survi v in g 
pages of a thirteenth century manuscript 
telling of the life and death of St Thomas 
Becket, the Archbishop murdered in Canter- 
bury Cathedral in 1170. The pages are to be 
auctioned at Sotheby's in London on June 24 
and are expected to fetch at least £ 200,000 to 

The coloured pictures, on vellum, show 
Becket about to leave France, where he was in 

exile, bat being warned not to go by an agent 
of the Count of Boulogne, and show -him 
arriving at Sandwich. 

The story, in Anglo-Norman verse, is 
believed to be the work of Matthew Paris, a 
monk at St Albans Abbey who wrote Eves of 
four ocher English saints. The manuscript, 
dating from 1230-40, was banned from 
England by Henry VIU in 1538, along with all 
other works about Becket. 

The Bar Conference 

Divorce ‘can lead 
to big tax saving’ 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Substantial tax savings can 
be made when couples divorce 
by splitting the household’s 
income, Mr Andrew Park, 
QC, told barristers attending a 
discussion on famil y law at the 
Bar conference in London 

The figures could be quite 
dramatic, be said. If a 
husband's . Income was 
£30,000, be could find himself 
paying £9,660 to the Inland 
Revenue on his divorce. 

The Government's educa- 4 he “gras could o 
tion policies were a matter of r™™* 110 ;, . saML 

grave concern. “It would ap- , s 

pear that their one wish would £30,0 3, he cMld find 1 
be to have central control on P*ybig £9,660 to the 
all educational issues, curricu- Revenue on his divorce, 
lum, examinations, levels of But if income wai 
staffing, funding, and teacher equally between himse 
training, with education taken and a ~arh of th 
out of the control of local would be liable only to 
education authorities.” She tax, which totalled £6,ti 
criticized the Government's He added that it wc 
use of industrial management rare for an equal for 
technique in education, their split to occur in any fii 
belief that competition would settlement, but it iiln 
produce the best, and their fa 0 w “significant" s 
ideas for direct grant and could be made, 
crown schools. - *». 

Swimsuit Widows 
man must regret sale 
face trial of home 

A Briton who spent nearly 
two weeks in a Spanish jaU for 
wearing transparent swim- 
ming tranks was yesterday 
advised to return to Spain next 
week so that he can be 
sentenced formally to a foree- 
month term of imprisonment. 

Mr Ralph Appleby, aged 
34, of CheEaston Road, 
Allenton, Derby, said: “I 
bought the white swim tranks 
in a chain store in Derby and I 
had no idea they would become 
transparent in the water." 

Mr Appleby has received a 
letter from Mr Tim Eggar, 
Parliamentary Under-Secre- ; 
tary of State in the Foreign 
Office; which said: “Mr 
Appleby's lawyer has just 
advised the Consulate that the 
public prosecutor is asking for 
a sentence of three months, 
pins a fine of 30,000 pesetas 

“According to the lawyer, 
even if Mr Appleby were to be 
found gnilty, he would not 
actually have to serve a term of 
i imprisonment. If Mr Appleby 
does not appear for the trial, 
be would lose his bail money 
and would probably be in 
contempt of court, with a 
consequent risk of imprison- 
ment should he return to Spain 
in the next live years." 

Mr Geoffrey Hooil. the 
Derbyshire Euro MP to whom 
Mr Appleby has appealed for 
help, said be had written to the 
Foreign Office asking whether 
it was absolutely necessary for 
Mr Appleby to attend the trial. 

By Patricia Clough 
Most widows who sell their 
homes after their husbands i 
die later regret doing so, 
according lo the Survival 
Guide for Widows , 

“People who say to the 
newly-bereaved, ‘You won't 
want to go on living here with 
all those memories’, don't, 
literally, know what they are 
talking about,” the book, pub- 
lished jointly by Age Concern 
England and Cruse, the na- 
tional association for widows 
and their children, said. 

It said 550 wives became 
widow in Britain daily, com- 
pared with 245 husbands who 
become widowers. Widow- 
hood is the most common 
single personal catastrophe, 
befalling one in eight women, 
and left many unprepared to 
tackle practical problems. 

Many widows were pan- 
icked into moving into a 
smaller home. "Memories and 
possessions should not be 
discarded too rapidly or 
readily,” it said.” 

The 119-page guide con- 
tains advice on health and 
coping with the deceased's 
estate, finances and bureau- 
cracy. and how to seek 
.widows’ benefits. It also lists 
organizations and publica- 
tions which can be of help. 
Survival Guide for Widows 
(Marketing Department (PR 
23k Age Concern England. 60 
Pitcairn Road. Mitcham. Sur- 
rey, CR4 3LL; £3.50 ind p&p, or 
leading booksellers). 

But if income was split 
equally between himself; wife 
and a child, each of the three 
wo old be liable only to £2^23 
tax, which totalled £6,669. 

He added that it would be 
rare for an equal three-way 
split to occur in any financial 
settlement, but h illustrated 
how "significant” savings 
conkf be made. 

To achieve the same effect 
through maintenance pay- 
ments, the husband would give 
£ 10,000 a year to his wife and 
the same to his child. Each of 
them would be liable to £2,223 
tax, and the husband could set 
his outgoings of £ 20,000 for 
tax deduction purposes aga- 
inst his income, reducing the 
amount liable to tax to some 
£ 10,000 and his tax biU to 

But Mr Park gave a wa rning 
against certain pitfalls which 
most be avoided If this ar- 
rangement was to work. Pay- 
ments mast be annual pay- 
ments, and they most be by 
court orders. Voluntary pay- 
ments were not eligible for tax 
relief, nor was the recipient 
liable to pay tax. 

“The moral is that if one 
wants to achieve tax efficiency 
in the maintenance of a former 

Rider killed 
for TT race 

A rider was killed yesterday 
on the Isle of Man TT motor- 

S cle course while practising 
r a weekend race which 
would have marked his inter- 
national debut 
lan Ogden, aged 27, a Civil 
Servant of Ballasalla. Isle of 
Man, died when his 500cc 
Suzuki crashed on one of the 
fastest stretches. 

He was practising for the 
main race of TT week, the 
senior event on Friday. June 

Mr Ogden, who won the 
5G0cc newcomers class of the 
ninth gran d prix - the “Ama- 
teurs TT” - in 1982, derided 
this year to “move up" to the 
IT meeting. He is the 137th 
rider to die on the circuit 

wife, make it legally binding in 
some form; and they most be 
annual, although they may be 
paid by more frequent ins- 

A second pitfall was the so- 
called “deeming provisions” of 
the tax laws, Mr Park said. 
These were not likely to create 
problems for nwlnfeMiu* ei- 
ther ordered by the court or 
agreed without a court order 
between the divorcing parties. 

But as regards payments to 
children, they needed to be 
"watched with some care”. 

Payments had to be worded 
in such a way that they were 
not caBgh t by provisions which 
would make them liable to tax. 

Such payments would he 
caught if they were regarded 
as “settlements”: that had 
been held by the cools to 
include sums of money paid for 
a child “in trust”; or “for” the 
maintenance of a child. 

The golden rale, Mr Park 
said, was to word the court 
order so that the father, for 
example, was payfog the mon- 
ey “to" foe child and not “for”. 

He also said that such 
orders should be obtained at 
an eariy stage. There had been 
a recent test case which 
seemed to say that mainte- 
nance orders made retrospec- 
tively would not incur the 
benefit of tax relief, although 
that was likely to go to the 
House of Lords. 

On capital gains tax, Mr 
Park said that generally this 
should not present problems in 
divorce settlements. Money 
was not counted as an asset 
and therefore lamp sum pay- 
ments were not Liable. The 
disposal of the matrimonial 
home, too. would usually be 
tax exempt 

Changes in patent 
laws attacked 

By a Staff Reporter 

Two senior banisters yes- copyright pirates and foresaw 
lerday attacked proposed increasing confusion in indus- 
changesto be made lo the laws try that would in turn proba- 
of copyright and patent bfy generate more litigation. 

Mr Hugh Laddie, QC, said an equally damning 

wgent ^ changes weded to be a ttock on the WlStePaper^ 
made to the existing laws, but ils reforms for the 

that government proposals fell jawTofStent 
short of the needed reforms Ia ^ or P atenL _ 
and in some instances made p Tm paper suggests ttansfer- 
matters worse. nng patent litigation fttmi the 

. . u. . , . High Court to the Patent 

In dealing with oipynght Office, which would become a 
law, Mr Laddie told the fast q UaQ g 0i to cut down on time 
day of the Bar. Conference that and costs now incurred in the . 
the White Paper, Intellectual courts. 

Property and Innovation, ere- . ., r , • . 

ated problems in its attempt to . 84,1 Wr Jacob was adamant 
cure existing ones. ’ . that the refoims wouM not 

He said proposed changes reduce cos *' nmc J or e™” 1 » 
wouldmean that a levy would latent action, and predicted 
be imposed on blank tapes to ™ “ 

protect the music industry, &arnjtul * 
but that no equivalent was “Civil Servants, who are 
mentioned for blank video well experienced in matters of 
tapes. patent, have little knowledge 

He cited other discrepancies commercial mat- 
in design protection, where he ^ oa 

explained that the designer of ^ey would cope,” Mr Jacob 
a teqpot, for instance, would s* 1 ”; 

enjoy 25-year copyright pro- 
tection, but the inventors of a 
new pharmaceutical or elec- 
tronic product would be pro- 
tected for only 20 years.. 

He believed that new legis- 
lation would also result in less 
sophisticated and long-term 
research and development 

Because manufacturers wo- 
uld enjoy only a five or 10- 
year monopoly on a new 
design, he predicted a boom in 
the poorly. made trivial items 
with short life-spans, and a 
decline at the more sophisti- 
cated end ofahe market 

Mr Laddie concluded by 
saying that there was no 
suggested legislation to curb 

Social security trap 

the former champion Anatoly “««««« ™ £ * JumST 

Karpov, who scored 9 wrn&B 

draws, 3 losses againstsimifar SfT to STSti 

KflSpan? LS Tto fST^Iiiustefr 

rame Mamst Philip Moms, Second World War. 

3660 M , „ . have hong on for just abort as . 

WhitedfasparovBladuMoms fong they could. Attlee 
, J£* y uaa "“ted to go to the polls rartfl 

3 B-N 5 p-or 3 4 b-m N-Kj Edninuy 1950, just a few 

f£Sn 2 J 2 ■££. ms* months before his time ran 

ims p-B 3 ■ iiMt r-ki ost. Sir Akc. Doogfas-Hom© - 

umb 2 51a JJpSo h« went the fUH distance in 1964, ! 

S££ £55 SK 86 owl Mr Callaghan resisted 

ago-ss P-OB 3 pressures for an election until 
gEf his hand was forced in 1979. 

hx 8 Only Mr Callaghan lost 
%£* ground through his caution, * 
ai Rnifps and it is on his example that 1 

— — ■ today's conventional wisdonf 

is based. Bat Mr Callaghan 
did not merely delay. He gave 
every impression of dithering. 
^ _ __ JL The Lib-Lab pact came to 

laa lljf T f*llT an end in the summer of 197S 

L “ raj he allowed a general 

, -u w expectation of an aotnmneieo- 

r Q I/' A/I tion to btdld 19 . At the TUC in 

LitVA-vU. September he was strangely 

pfeyfoL After giving what was ' 
leporter • described^ a somewhat tune*, 

jopyright pirates and foresaw less rendering of the old oBsk * 
n creasing confusion in indus- faD song “There was I Wa t* : 
ry that would in turn proba- mg at the Chnrch”*lre weni os * 
ny generate more litigation. to say. have promised , 

_ .: .. , • nobody that I shall be al the 

For his part, Mr Jacob altar in October”. 

at anti-climax 

Bnt it was widely assumed 
that he would be. The trade ■ 
union leaders were raring to ' 
go. On the day of die an- 
nouncement foal time would ' 
be no astnmn election Mr Ron 
Hayward, foe Labour- Party ~. 
gendal secretary, had his staff ■ 
around him m his office at ' 
Transport House awaiting 

their marching orders from the 
Prime Mmister on television. - 

There was consternation at 

tht^imti-HimflV- Mr Cflllaghan 

may have footed his oppo- 
nents, but he had also dis- 
mayed his supporters. 

He had already undermined • 
confidence even before he was- 
strock by the winter of dfacon^ - 
tent and then by die Scottish 
and Welsh referendums on - 
devolution. So foe CaHaghan 
example illustrates more than _ 
the dangers of waiting . 1 

Attlee also altow l a pre- 
election atmosphere to develop 
with moonth^ intensity for , 
nearly two years before going - 
to foe country m February ' 
1950. He may perhaps have 
lost throopfa that, but he ' 
certainly <ila not lose ground • 

But Mr Jacob was adamant 
that the refoims would not 
reduce costs, time or effort in 
patent action, and predicted; 
that foe new laws would be 

“Civil Servant, who are 
well experienced in matters of 
patent, have little knowledge 1 
of legal and commercial mat- 1 
ters and I don't know bow 

He predicted that interna- 
tional companies, which now 
fight patent cases in British 
courts, would go elsewhere 
and said the new legislation 
could open loopholes to the 
“villains of the industry”. 

The reformed Patent Office 
would also be expected to pay 
for itselfj and Mr Jacob asked 
how savings could be made. 

“I doubt if it can operate 1 
more cheaply than the High : 
Court and a better and faster 
result is doubtful,” he said. 

Mr Jacob noted that the 
laws governing patent were a 
century old and needed imme- 
diate reform, but the projected 
changes were poorly thought 
out and unsatisfactory. 1 

Waiting list to quit hospital 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 
Cuts in the amounts paid by lory. The estimated cost of in April 1985 mean there are 

Choose from two of London’s finest restaurants 

Following the great success of our now very popular # ^ 

Auberge de Provence restaurant, serving authentic French wHOK| 
Provencal dishes created bv Chef Andre Charial of L Oustau de / 

Beaumaniere and his hand picked team, we are happy to 
announce the opening of our very special Inn of Happiness ■Wf " w 

„ ^ restaurant serving the finest Szecheun, Cantonese and Peking 
delicacies, in breathtaking surroundings. 

p 3r jni] Qf aeucacjes. in nreatntaKing surroundings. 

Sonnrenrgc Sl 1 H You can now have tne pleasure oT choosing from the Auberge 

^ imrriiKjjrsp de Provence or Inn of Happiness restaurants in the magnificentlv 
restored Victorian surroundings of St James Court Hotel. 

Both restaurants are open for lunch and dinner, 7 days a-week. fek-dav business 
until menu. For your reservations telephone.- AUBERGE DE PROVENCE: 01-821 1809 
INN OF HAPPINESS: 01-821 1931. ' 


M lames f.nnn IMund Apanminh. DucKuirfiam Cate. Lond<m Stt l h\F.Tekph(ine ; ni-WM Telex. 

©Tjj Intcraariorul HotcU 

social security to put elderiy 
people in private residential or 
nursing homes have created a 
waiting list of people trying to 
leave hospital but who cannot 
afford nursing home care, 
according to a study published 

Some cases are costing the 
taxpayer many thousands of 
pounds a year extra because 
ihe cost of hospital beds is 
higher than that of nursing or 
residential homes, according 
to Counsel and Care for the 
Elderiy, a charity that helps 
people find accommodation 
in homes. 

In one case, the Slate is 
paying £33.000 a year to keep 
a physically handicapped 
man, aged 67, in the South 
Western Hospital in Loodon 
where he is blocking a bed that 
could .be used for other 

James suffered a stroke 
when he was 65 that has left 
him incontinent in a wheel- 
chair and with speech difficul- 
ties. Under social security 
rules, he is classed as “elderiy" 
and entitled only to £170 a 
week towards a private or 
voluntary nursing home place. 
But according to Dr James 
Marigold, consultant physi- 
cian at St Thomas's Hospital, 
his family can only find a 
place at a cost of about £200 a 
week and cannot afford to 
make up the difference. 

"If he had had his stroke a 
few months earlier, before he 
was 65, be would be classed as 
physically disabled and would 
quality for £230 a week and 
could afford to move into a 
home. It is just discrimina* 

keeping him in hospital where 
he has been for two years is 
£33,000 a year. The cost of a 
nursing home place at £220 a 
week would be £22,000. So we 
are talking about an extra cost 
to the State of about £10,000 a 
year to keep him. where he is." 
Dr Marigold said. 

The situation was described . 
yesterday as “economic 
nonsense” by Roz Rawlins, of 
Counsel and Care for the 
Elderiy. “The drastic reduc- 
tions in social security benefits 

now many elderly people who sanely provided by Sir A ted. 
cannot leave hospital because Docq^Las-Home. When be be- 
tbey are unable to afford came Prime Minister in Octo-' 
nursing home care. They are berl963GallHp put Labour 11 - 
adding to NHS waiting lists by .points ahead. That dearly 

IukrL< W _ _ 1 1 1 * — - f • « 

In both October and No-' 
r ember 1949 Gallop put the-' 
Conservatives nine points 
ahead. That narrowed to seven ' 
points in December, and two' 
months later Labour scraped 
home with an overall majority • 
•of six seats. 

Something may 
always turn np 

Bat the most relevant exam - 1 
pie for Mrs Thatcher was 
surely provided by Sir Alec 
Douglas-Home. When be be- 
came Prime Minister in Octo-' 
her 1963 Gall appal Labour IT - 

blocking beds.” 

The charity followed up the 
cases of 100 elderly people 
who consulted it last year, 56 
of whom were in hospital. A 
year later, 21 were stiH there 
when only three of them; 
according to doctors and so- 
cial workers, needed hospital 

Rise in health budget 
a fantasy, says Labour 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 
The Government’s ■ daim ■ Mr Meacher criticized the 

that health spending had risen 
by 23 per cent was “a fantasy 
picture”, Mr Michael Mea- 
cher. shadow Social Services 
Secretary, fold hospital con- 
sultants last night. 

The so-called increased 
spending had now petered out 
he added, and this year would 
result in a cut which np 
amount of "efficiency sav- 
ings” or getting value for 
money could get round. 

appointment of health author- 
ity members by the Secretary 
of State for Social Services. 

This system, he said, had been 
used ruthlessly to establish an 
in-built Conservative major- 
ity in favour of cuts and priv- 

The Governmentis spend- 
ing figures did not ac- 
count of higher infl ation in the 
medical world, expensive new 

The Government’s policies medi , cal techniques, mere .old 
had led to a National Health R? 01 "? ”“4^ treatment or 

Service widely recognized to 
be on the verge of breakdown. 

Speaking at the Middlesex 
Hospital London, he called 
for a shift of emphasis from 

the doctors' 

increased wor- 

He said a Labour govern^ 
mem was committed to a 3 
per cent real growth in health 

precluded an immediate elec—.' 
tion. It was possible for thaf 
Parliament to ran for another * 
year, so the effective choice fa; 
between Jane and October 

Bat Sir Alec records in his 
autobiography that he was 
warned by foe party chairman,- 
Lord Btakenham, that the 
Conservatives were likely to 
lose by 60 to 7Q seats in Jane. 
So Sir Akc announced early in 
April that the Par liament 
would ran its fhO course. - 

With uncertainty removed* 
he went on to lose the election- 
only very narrowly — Labour 
having an overall majority of 
no more than five seats. It was 
defeat, but a remarkable re- 
covery. Had he gone earlier he 
would probably not have done 

It is worth remembering 
that Harold Wilson in 1970 
and Edward Heath in 1974 
both plunged to Bnexpedeff 
defeat by calling : an ‘etection 
earlier than necessary. . ' 

The lessons for Mrs 
Thatcher to me dear. 
There is no point in going to 
the country before she. has fo 
unless she sees a dear oppor*> 
tmrity for victory. Something 
may always tarn np to help her 
or da m a g e the ODDOsftion. ■ 


w ** » 

C‘.+ , 
M '.I 

treatment to prevention of spending with the money 
illness: A Labour government coming from' shorter dole 

would promote health with 
engineering technology used 
only as a last resorv 

per cent real growm m Health But it is essential for her to 
spending with foe m<mey avoid any expectation of ah. 
coming from shorter dole early election handing afo The 
9 ^^j?£I e ? ono ^ ,cacI 1 5 ' - lrtn hady ca^otaSd to 

ity and different public spend- appear to be wobbling on foe;' 

iqgpnontieSL . . • . .. ... h rinlr : TT 9 .... 



K * 

UN meeting sees investment 
as key to Africa’s future 

From ZorianaPysariwsky World Bank and the fanerua- 
- New York tional Monetary JFund, and 

.Mr George Shultz, the US pouring resources into re- 
Sfcretary of State, yesterday search towards a "green rev- 
pioned private enter- ©lotion” that has come about 
as the key to Africa's in Asia but has eluded Africa, 
non. The massive food aid pro- 

was speaking to an vided by the US and other 

trise as the key to Africa's 

;He was speaking to an 

unprecedented session of the countries to Africa's famine- 
Umted- Nations General As- stricken areas could be viewed 

s. sembly seeking to initiate a only as a stopgap measure. 

, N . turnaround in Africa's eco- . In his emphasis on Africa's 
nomic misfortunes. need to provide incentives to 

", V He said that the orthodoxies its farmers . and to increase 

of state-directed development self-reh'ance, he struck on the 
were discredited, and that the theme of the special session in 
resolution of Africa’s massive which African representatives 
famine and other economic have taken pains to focus on 
problems lay instead in the agricultural development and 
liberation of its peoples from to play down industrialization 
policies that had stifled mho- and urbanization. 

vation and individual init- 

American assistance, he 
said, would be geared to 
encouraging the opening of 
private marketing channels in 

Mr Shultz predicted that the 
special session would mark an 
historic turning point by pro- 
moting bold economic poli- 
cies. Expressing an American 
desire to be a partner in this 
change, he outlined a broad 
five-point programme. 

It included shifting assis- 
tance from the public to 
private sectors, creating an 
environment©! confidence for 
foreign investors, liberalizing 
trade, focusing on increased 
multilateral lending from the 

Swazi King 
rival body 

From Michael Hornsby 

King Mswati IH of Swazi- 
land yesterday dissolved the 
Liqoqo, the council of elders 
which for three years after the 
death in 1982 of his father. 
King Sobh uza II, was the most 
powerful body in the small 

The downgrading of the 
Liqoqo began in October 
when its two most powerful 
members. Prince Mfanastbili 
Dlamini, a nephew of the late 
king, and Mr Geotge Msibi, a 
commoner, were dismissed by 
Queen Ntombi, the mother of 
King Mswati, who was then 
still Queen Regent. 

At that time the word 
"supreme” was dropped from 
the Liqoqo's English title (Su- 
preme Council of State), in an 
indication of its diminished 

Its dissolution, is seen as 
reinforcing the authority of 
the new King and his immedi- 
ate family over other factions 
of the far-flung royal Dlamini 
clan. . 

Prince Mfanasibfli was sen- 
tenced yesterday by the Swazi- 
land High court to an 
effective seven years in -prison 
after having been convicted 
on two charges of defeating or 
attempting to defeat the ends 
of justice. 

A former Commissioner of 
Police, Mr Majaji Simelane, 
was sentenced to five years on 
the same charges. 

The two were accused of 
having tried to influence wit- 
nesses and to fabricate evi- 
dence designed to ensure the 
continued detention of a for- 
mer finance minister, Mr 
Sishayi Nxumalo, and four 
former police and army com- 
manders. Before - his deten- 
tion, Mr Nxumalo had 
threatened to expose corrup- 
tion among Liqoqo members. 

The Liqoqo was set up by 
the late King to act as an 
advisory body to Queen 
Dzeliwe, his most senior wife, 
whom he bad chosen to fill the 
role of Regent after his death. 
Within a year, however, the 
Liqoqo had deposed Queen 
Dzeliwe and arrogated all 
power to itself. 

Queen Ntombi replaced 
Queen Dzeliwe and was 
thought at first to be little 
more than a figurehead for the 
Liqoqo. Last year, however, 
with close family members, 
she turned the tables on Prince 
Mfanasibili and reasserted the 
position of the monarch. 

Marcos group 
accused over 
weapons sales 

From Keith Dalton 

Six munition companies 
owned by military friends and 
relatives of the deposed presi- 
dent Ferdinand Marcos won 
multi-million dollar deals 
with the Philippines' armed 
forces through dubious sates 
contracts, military officials 
said yesterday. 

Three months after tire 
overthrow of Mr Marcos, who 
is in exile in Hawaii, these ■ 
companies retain a monopoly 
on military supplies to tire 
armed forces. 

An official of the armed 
forces Anti-Graft and Comm* 
Practices Board said that tire 
six companies had conspired 
with military officials by dic- 
tating the demand for mui u- 
tions through forged purchase 
invoices and won massive 
profits without public bidding 
through inflated sale costs. 

He said that tire newly- 
formed board had uncovered 
"just the tip of the iceberg of 
a lucrative scheme Involving 
cronies of Mr Marcos and 

General Fabian Ver.hs. for- 
mer military Chief oFStaff. . 

President Abdou Diouf of 
Senegal, who is the current 
chairman of the Organization 

of African. Unify (OAU), 
opened -the debate by calling 
the session an act of faith on 
the part of Africa to be willing 
to take control of its own 

He asked industrial nations 
for at least S80 billion (£53.2 
million), or double the current 
level, in new aid and debt 
relief as a "complementary 
financial contribution to Af- 
rica's own mobilization of 
internal resources” 

But Mr Shultz's unwilling- 
ness to commit the VS to 
specific amounts of assistance 
and debt relief is certain to 
disappoint African representa- 
tives. They are likely to leave 
the week-long session with 
tittle more than words of 
encouragement from the main 

The exceptions so far have 

debts and could not accept the 
OAU figures of S80 billion of 
additional assistance. M Mi- 
chel Aurillac, the French Min- 
ister of Co-operation, said that 
tire session was an opportuni- 
ty to agree on medium-term 
and long-term strategies for 
African nations to move to- 
ward a decentralization of 
their economies. 

But he did not rule out the 
possibility of rescheduling 
debt payments. 

Throughout tire first day of 
debate there was an extraordi- 
nary admission on tire part of 
African countries that their’ 
economic woes were not just a 
colonial legacy but were the 
result of misguided policies, 

“We in Africa are fully 
aware that the task of structur- 
al transformation will require. 

. r - Sr 

■ . 


. », 

um on repayment of loans; ^onypnu, me wiggnan 

Denmark, which announced a Foreign Minister, said, 
proposal submitted to its Pap- The Soviet Union managed 
liament for the cancellation of 10 raa against the mainstream 
all outstanding Official Devel- the debate by being the only 

opmeni Assistance debts held country to speak in favour of 
by Tanzania; and The Nether- greater industrialization of Af- 

President Abdou Dtoafr UN 
session an act of faith. 

lands, which decided to caned 
over five years an estimated 
580 million of debt service on 
ODA loans for the African 
low-income countries willing 
to commit themselves to more 
stringent adjustment policies. 

France said that it was 

rica and of strengthening the 
role of the public sector. 

Mr Yuli Vorontsov, the 
deputy Soviet Foreign Minis- 
ter, said that Western calls for 
opening African economies to 
market forces were a Western 
ploy to regain dominance over 

opposed to any cancellation of the African continent. 

Inquiry sought on 
Crossroads deaths 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
The Opposition in the like a "1986-style forced re- 
House of Assembly, the white moval with the "Witdoeke” 
chamber of the South African doing the Government's dirty 
Parliament, has called for a ?worfc”, Mr Andrew said, 
judicial inquiry into tbe role of The “Witdoeke” (While 

the police and the army in last Handkerchiefs), so called 
week's fighting in the Cross- from the identifying cloths 
roads squatter camp outside worn around their arms, are 
Cape Town. members of a conservative 

Referring to widespread al- black vigilante group which 
legations that the police had did roost of the shack-burning 
been "active combatants in- last week in an area that had 
volved in shack-burning and fallen under the control of 
worse”, Mr Ken Andrew, the politically radical youths be- 1 
Progressive Federal Party's longing to the United Demo- 
spokesman on black affairs, antic Front 
said that the Speaker's refusal Meanwhile, five people died 

on Tuesday to allow a special in continuing violence else- 
debate on. the matter was where in the country during 

deeply regrettable. 

The fighting left 42 people 

Tuesday night. 

In Johannesburg yesterday. 

dead and more than 20,000 about 20 "concerned South 


African women of all races’' 

Mr Andrew also criticised delivered a statement ~so the 
the Government for having British Consulate-General de- 
refused to allow any of the ploring Britain’s "weak res- 
refugees . from the fort of ponse” to the recent South 
Crossroads devastated during African raids on alleged Afri- 
the fighting to return there can National Coogress (ANC) 

after it has been redeveloped bases in 
as a black residential area fora countries, 
smaller number of people. Six won 


smaller number of people. Six women, led by Mis 

If the refugees were moved Albertina Sisulu, the wife of 
elsewhere against their will Mr Walter. Sisulu, an impris- 
(the Government wants to re- oned ANC leader, were re- 
settle them at Khayelitsha, coved by Mr Roy Reeve, the 
.some 15 miles south-east of deputy consul, who agreed to 
Cape Town)i it would look pass on their protest. . 

Lagos campus closed 

Tneos (Reuter) — The Niee- the death of several students 

Lagos (Reuter) - The Nige- 
rian authorities, faring a wave 
of nationwide campus unrest, 
ordered the closure yesterday 
of the University- of Lagos as 
students confronted police 
across the campus gates. - 
Its closure brought to nine 
the number of universities 
shut down in recent days amid 
growing college unrest after 

the death of several students 
in clashes with police at the 
Ahmadu Bello University at 
Zaria, in the north of the 
country, last Friday. 

Press reports of 20 or more 
dead were not denied by the 
central authorities. But the 
regional police commissioner, 
Mr Nuhn Aliyu, said that four 
had died and 10 were injured. 

for school 

From David Watts 

The Japanese Education 
Ministry has approved a new 
high-school history textbook 
prepared by a nationalist con- 
servative group. The contro- 
versial book, which is written 
by the National Comal to 
Defend Japan, was the subject 
of two screening sessions at 
the ministry before appro vaL 

It is understood that some 
800 points were marked for 
revirion bat that only cosmetic 
changes were made in the final 
version, which glosses over the 
facts of Japanese aggression 
in Asia during the Second 
World War. 

The book does not nse the 
terms aggression or invasion, 
and Its authors maintain that 
the facts about the rape of 
Nanking in 1937, in which an 
estimated 142,000 died, are 
still a matter for debate. 

Critics of the book say that 
it eulogizes imperialistic activ- 
ities daring die War and gives 
a biased view of history. 

The Council to Defend Ja- 
pan advocates revision of the 
constitution and strengthening 
of the emperor systemJts 
members argue that post-war 
Japan has been dominated by 
leftist thinking and a US- 
imposed constitution. 

The content of Japanese 
textbooks remains a touchy 
point with neighbouring Asian 

The Tokyo High Court in 
March rejected a 12-year-old 
appeal against the power of 
the Ministry of Education to 
screen the contents of history 
textbooks in a case brought by 
a well-known liberal history 
professor, Mr Saburo Ieuaga. 

Carious passers-by watching te riinirians dfaring from the sand of die Sangette beach near 
Dunkirk an RAF Spitfire shot down in 1940. M Andrd Dupey, near the Spitfire's engine 
(foreground), remembers having seen the pilot taking refrige in a farmhouse. 

Mitterrand fails to criticise 
Chirac’s curbs on terrorism 

Measures to help the French 
Government to crack down 
on crime and terrorism were 
approved by the Cabinet yes- 
terday. President Mitterrand, 
who had been expected to 
protest against the suspected 
infringement of individual lib- 
erties involved in some of the 
measures, decided to withold 
all comment. 

Among the measures are the 
setting-up of special courts in 
Paris, sitting without juries, to 
try terrorist crimes; police 
detention of suspects for up to 
four days before cbaiges must 
be laid; and, reduced sen- 
tences for terrorists who de- 
nounce colleagues. 

The Government had in- 
tended to introduce a new 
“crime of terrorism" but had 
to abandon that plan because 
of the difficulties involved in 
its definition. Instead, it has 
derided to draw up a list of 
some 17 crimes which could 
fell into the "terrorist” catego- 

Frora Diana Geddes, Paris 

ry depending on the per- 
petrator's motive. 

Among the more controver- 
sial measures approved yester- 
day is the decision to revert to 
spot identity checks by police. 
Anyone who refuses to pro- 
vide proof of identity on 
request, or who provides false 
information, may be finger- 
printed and photographed. 

After opposition from law- 
yers and prison staff to plans 
for a 30-year jail sentence 
without the possibility of re- 
mission for crimes formerly 
attracting the death penalty, 
the Government derided to 
opt instead for a 20-year 
irreducible sentence. The 
present maximum time a 
criminal may be ordered to 
serve without hope of remis- 
sion is 1 8 years. 

The dispensing of justice for 
petty crime is to be speeded up 
by allowing suspects to be 
brought straight before the 
courts when there is consid- 
ered to be “sufficient” evi- 

dence of their crime. The 
present requirement for a 
summary hearing as that they 
be caught red-handed. 

Further measures to combat 
crime and terrorism, which 
are due to be introduced at a 
later date, indude (he re- 
introduction of compulsory 
registration cards in hotels 
and a nationwide computer- 
ized system of forge-proof 
identity cards. 

The Government is also 
considering introducing visas 
for all non-EEC visitors. 

M Mitterrand's criticism of 
Government policies over the 
past few weeks has brought 
press comments about the 
“end of the honeymoon” for 

His decision not to com- 
ment further yesterday may 
have been made to avoid too 
early a confrontation with the i 
Government, particularly 
over an issue on which the i 
Government is known to have 
a lot of public support. 

Tougher Soviet penalties for crime 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Soviet Government yesterday 
toughened its anti-corruption 
laws, carrying out pledges by 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, to dean up 
public life. 

Government and Commu- 
nist Party resolutions reported 

by Pravda said that the fight 
would be stepped up against 
those who lived off "unearned 
incomes,” including bribe- 
takers, embezzlers and offi- 
cials who abused their pos- 
itions for personal gain. The 
resolutions also called for 
more strict control over the 

accounts of state enterprises 
and the letting of housing. 

The party Central Commit- 
tee resolution said: “Ugly 
economic crimes are incom- 
patible with a socialist way of 
life, go against the interests of 
the working people and offend 
Soviet citizens.” 

In Thai 
coup bid 9 

From Neil Kelly 

The dismissed Command- 
er-in-Chief of the Thai army . 
was suspected of “hatching a 
plot” to remove the Prime- 
Minister from office, govern- 
ment officials said yesterday. 

Outwardly the sitation fol- 
lowing the dismissal of Gener- 
al Artbit Kamlang-ek on 
Tuesday is still calm, but 
tension and uncertainty are 
apparent in government, po- 
litical and military circles. 

For the third day the Prime 
Minister, General Prera Tin- 
sulanonda, remained behind* 
light army security at his 
residence in Korat, 160 miles 
north-east of Bangkok. 

People on the spot say that 
his house resembles a place 
under siege, with two helicop- 
ters on standby in front, 
communications tents, extra 
lighting and patrol units on 
the move at all tiroes. 

General Prem is said to 
have a cold, but from time to . 
time he coroes outside to greet- 
weff wishers and has been giv- 
ing them T-shirls bearing his 

In Bangkok, General Artbit 
has been denying allegations 
that be made changes recently 
in the positions of numerous 
army officers in order to move 
array support in bis own 
favour, and that he had foiled 
to begin the transfer of his own 
duties because of bis retire- 
ment in August. 

There has been almost no 
comment from political lead- 
ers, who perhaps believe that 
caution is wise in an uncertain 

The most outspoken re- 
marks have come from Mr 
Trairong Suwannakhiri, the 
government chief spokesman, 
who has implied that General 
Ailhit misused the army)s 
secret funds. The accusation is 
denied vehemently by the 
army's chief spokesman and 
by General Arthit himself. 

China and 
Japan in 
trade talks 

From A Correspondent - 

Working groups headed by 
the presidents of China's 10 
national import and export . 
corporations began talks yes- 
terday in Peking with Japa- 
nese trade officials and 
business leaders on how to cut 
the huge trade deficit with 

The deficit grew from $2 
billion (£1.3 billion) in 1 984 to 
$5.2 billion last year. Chinese 
officials say that this year's 
deficit will be at least S3 

On Tuesday the largest 
Japanese trade delegation ever 
to visit China, comprising 163 
members, arrived in Peking to 
begin discussions on the defi- 

Mr Deng Xiaoping, the 
Chinese leader, and the Prime 
Minister. Mr Zhao Ziyang, 
have repeatedly voiced then- 
concern about the large 

Secrecy likely on bos hijack deaths 

Zamir demands inquiry into Shin Bet 

From Ian Murray 

A secret commission of 
inquiry is likely to beset up to 
investigate allegations that the 
head of Shin Bet. Israel’s 
counter-intelligence agency, 
ordered the murder of two 
Palestinians after a bus hijack 

in 1984 and then interfered 
with evidence and witnesses. 

The commission proposal is 
backed by Mr Abba Eban, one 
of the Knesset's most respect- 
ed elder statesmen. If ap- 
proved, it would make it 
easier for the Government to 
restrict information about the 

operations of undercover Shin 
Bet anti-terrorist agents. 

The Attorney General. Mr 
Yitzhak Zamir, has insisted 
on a police inquiry after 
having failed to persuade Mr 
Avraham Shalom, the Shin 
Bet head, to resign. 

The Prime Minister, Mr 

Man whose job is to ‘step on toes’ 

From Oar Correspondent, Jerusalem 

Mr Yitzhak Zamir, Israel’s 
Attorney General, has angered 
a wide range of public opinion 
in the seven and a half years 
since be took on the job, and is 
no stranger to death threats. 

“It is my job to step on die 
toes of ministers," he mice told 
a conference. “Anyone who 
says tire powers of die Attor- 
. ney General sbonld be reduced 
says in effect that legal issues 
should be resolved by politi- 
[ oans and administrators.” 

At die top . of the list of 
. important toes be has trodden 
on are those of Mr Arid 
Sharon, the redoubtable Trade 
and Industry Minister who 
first crossed him in 1979. The 
issue then was whether Mr 
Sharon, as Agriculture Minis- 
ter, should lave authorized 
-civil servants to build roads 
across Bedouin hud without 

As Defence Minister in 
charge of settlement policy in 
occupied territo ries, M r Shar- 
oo again found strung _ opposi- 
tion from Mr ZaiUB-, who 
would not aBow land to be 
appropriated virtually at wflL 

Mr 7s>mbr has never been 
afraid of an argument. He . 
tried unsuccessfully to remove 
Knesset members' legal immu- 
nity so they could be pmtished 
for motoring offences such as 
speeding or, in (he case of the 
former Prime Minister, Mr 
Yitzhak Sabin, . for . fcane- 

naiist of The Washington Post 
for publishing die name of the 
head of Shin Bet 
Tbe police duels of Tel Aviv 
and Haifa were investigated 
and tbe mayors of the same 
towns criticised for having 
tried to influence elections. 
The United States was chal- 
lenged when it sought immuni- 
ty from prosecution when its 
troops in the peace-keeping 

He wre. prosecuted a jour-. 

■ r ' r ' ' * 

& ■> 

Mr Yftzak Zamir Never 

afraid of an argument. 

force in Sinai were caught 
smuggling drags into IsnreL - 
He set ap two inquiries with 
far-rea ching effects — one into 
tire behaviour of settlers using 
vigilante tactics on die West 
Bank; tire other into Illegal 
shar e dealings by a& of 
Israel's commercial banks. 

He found one Chief Rabbi 
out of order in (lying to Stop 
the major aitineh^cal dig in 

Jerusalem, saying that science 
was more important than dis- 
turbing a possible graveyard. 
He allowed bases to ran on the 
Sabbath. He drew up new 
rales for censorship in tbe 
theatre. He ruled on who had 
the right to lalk to members of 
the Palestine liberation Org- 

He made enemies mostly on 
the right, particularly when he 
insisted on prosecuting mem- 
bers of the so-called Jewish 
underground for terrorist at- 
tacks on Arab targets. 

At the end of last year Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, who is dne to 
take over as Prime Minister in 
October, said that the Attor- 
ney General wonld be re- 
placed. In February Mr Zamir 
agreed to resign became, he 
said, there was a danger that 
he would be dismissed and 
replaced by someone with a 
political background. 

He said yesterday that tbe 
material for the case against 
tbe bead of Shin Bet reached 
him within days after be 

announced his r ui^m tian. 
“Since then I have had the 
most difficult weeks and 
months. There were nights 
when I didn't shot an eye. For 
many weeks I have felt alone, 
like the village crazy man,” he 

A replacement for Mr Za- 
mfr- has been doe for some 
time, but he is now unlikely to 
be announced until the Sun 
Bet affair is sorted out. 

Shimon Peres, and a majority 
of his inner cabinet strongly 
oppose a police investigation 
on the grounds that it could 
endanger state security. 

Legally Mr Zamir has every 
right to involve the police, and 
the Government is seeking 
frantically to prevent it. Mr 
Peres angrily and successfully 
fought on four no-confidence 
motions in the Knesset on 
Tuesday over the affair. 

He has not, however, been 
able to change Mr Zamir's 
mind about the need for an in- 
vestigation into the death of 
the two men, who were cap- 
tured after the bus hijack. 
They died a few hours later in 
the custody of Shin Bet. 

Two commissions of inqui- 
ry largely absolved the under- 
cover organization, though 
three of its senior agents were 
later dismissed. They have 
since provided the Attorney- 
General with the basis of the 
case he means the police to 

Mr Zamir has said that he 
might be prepared to call off 
the police in fovour of an 
inquiry commission, but only 
on two conditions. These are 
that it is headed by a senior 
judge, preferably one from the 
Supreme Court, and that Mr 
Shalom is suspended while the 
inquiry continues. 

The suspension demand is 
being resisted by the Govern- 
ment on the grounds that it 
would weaken state security. 

The Attorney-General is 
showing few signs of wanting 
to compromise, even though 
he and his family now have 
security guards as a result of 
an onym ous death threats. 
• TEL AVIV: Two Palestin- 
ian teenagers from the occu- 
pied West Bank were 
sentenced to life imprison- 
ment yesterday for killing two 
Jewish teachers in an attack 
that touched off anti-Arab 
riots last year (Reuter reports). 



Income Bonds 
Indexed-lncome Bonds 
and Deposit Bonds 



Beginning on 30 May 1986 the maximum 
holding limits for National Savings Income 
Bonds, Indexed-lncome Bonds and 
Deposit Bonds will be changed from 
£50,000 to £100,000. 


Beginning on 11 July 1986 the rate of 
interest payable on Income Bonds and 
Deposit Bonds will be changed from 12% to 

11.25% p.a. 

Issued by the Department for National Savings on behalf of HM Treasury. 

I But 
s left 
p and 
p after 

6 fay 

er fig- 
i a 38 
.and a 
xe on 

rnh at 



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at the 
ted 8p 
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-7 per jn 


46+2 nd 
(60 -10 

18 -M 

3-3 74 

590 Mi 

2 hit 

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merest _j ■ 
•fit was — i I 
as 781 _ * 

VEST- — 1 I 
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Kinnock dismisses any 
move by India to leave 

or split Commonwealth 

> - Mr Neii Kinnock, the leader 
,pf the labour Party who 
-yesterday spent an hour with 
.Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
Prime Minister, has ruled out 
any possibility that India in- 
tended or would even threaten 
to withdraw from the Com- 
monwealth over Britain's atti- 
tude to South Africa. 

tr. m 

“Mr Gandhi dismissed the 
J3ea that India would lead or 
support any attempt to break 
up the Commonwealth or to 
disrupt it” be said. 

\..He and Mr Gandhi had 
agreed that if Mrs Thatcher 
Ldid not support sanctions 
^against the Pretoria regime at 
.the forthcoming Comrnon- 
.. wealth summit in August she 
’would be isolated not only 
'within the Commonwealth 
.and in Europe, but also in 
"Britain, he said. 

Mr Kinnock and Mr Gan- 
;dhi discussed the one subject 
-’bedevilling Indo-British rela- 
Itions; what the Indians see as 
British indulgence towards 
.Sikh extremists- 

Mr Kinnock said that he 
. had discussed this subject with 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

the British Government be- 
fore leaving London, that he 
would do so again on his 
return, and that he would 
bring with him some new 
ideas for improving relations. 

The Labour leader declined 
to go into detail, but he has so 
far in his Indian tour refused 
to accept that there is any need 
to change British law on the 
subject, and maintains that 
the Indians understand that 
the Britain should not be 
expected to do anything out- 
side or on the edge of the law. 

Mr Kinnock spoke warmly 
of his relationship with Mr 
Gandhi and described the 
meeting as very convivial 
“We got on very well,” he 
said. “It has something to do 
with the similarity of our 
and interests, and also that 
is a decent bloke." 

The two party leaders — Mr 
Kinnock is here at the invita- 
tion of Mr Gandhi's Congress 
(I) Party - also discussed the 
possibilities of a Soviet with- 
drawal from Afghanistan, and 
according to Mr Kinnock he 
has now had evidence, both 

from his talk with Mr Gandhi 
and from other sources, of a 
substantial desire on the part 
of the Russians to reduce their 
presence there. 

Earlier in the day Mr 
Kinnock met several senior 
Indian media figures, and 
astonished some of them with 
his verbal felicity and the 
unusual directness of his lan- 
guage. “I doubt," said a 
participant later, “whether the 
Indian press has heard a 
visiting British leader use the 
word ‘bloody* quite so often." 

Mr Kinnock's colourful 
turn of phrase included the 
happy coinage of “jockstrap 
diplomacy" to describe the 
currently athletic posture of 
American foreign policy. 

He also tola his listeners 
that Mrs Thatcher would be 
very likely to lead the Tories 
Into the next election. 

“The Tories do not have 
anyone who could take her a 
glass of whisky and a revolver 
and ask her to do the decent 
thing," he said. “$he would 
probably drink the whisky and 
shoot him." 

Leading article, page 11 



Mr NeO Kinnock, the 
Minister, id Delhi 

our Party 
yesterday, where they 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Souffi Africa and Siklr extremism. 

A kind of peace in 
Beirut hand-over 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

For the first time in more Hezbollah sympathizers with- 

than a week, there was a kind 
of peace along the Beirut front 
line into the . early hours of 
yesterday morning. 

It was brought about, if one 
is to believe the morning 
papers, by a metamorphosis 
among the Muslim gunmen 
who hold the semicircle of 
ruins across the city, from the 
suburb of Hadath to the old 

Mr Nabtb Beni and Mr 
Walk! Jam Matt, those twin 
pillars of the west Beirut 
militia establishment, had de- 
creed that the Lebanese 
Army’s largely Shia Muslim 
Sixth Brigade should replace 
gunmen of Mr Barfs 
Antal Movement and Mr 
^Ljnmblatfs Dime Progressive 
'^-Socialist Party militia. 

_■ In Christian east Beirut, the 
/transition was heralded — and 
- ~ typically misinterpreted — as a 
■" -sign of Mr Barfs concern that- 
militiamen of the much more 
'extreme Hezbollah (Party of 
,;;. Cfod) are gaining influence 
among his own Amal fol- 
, -lowers. 

s- ~ in feet, many Sixth Brigade 
l.'-Htnen are also fervent Amal 
^ Supporters — and there are 

in Amal — so the military 

rhang ps along (he Old front 

line were of shoes and nni- 
forms rather than of men. 

Howeva transparent the 
military authority thus im- 
posed, a de facto ceasefire 
came into being, broken only 
by some desultory mortar 
rounds below the mountains 
and a lone, unexplained shell 
which landed just after mid- 
night yesterday beside a phar- 
macy near the Museum, 
killing three people. 

Conscious of the ever-dete- 
riorating security in their sec- 
tor of the city, Mr Bern and 
Mr Jmnblatt also announced 
that the American University 
and its hospital complex near 
by would be protected in future 
by a special Army squad . 

Whether or not this gives 
any confidence to the few 
foreign and Lebanese Chris- 
tian employees of the Univer- 
sity to stay mi in west Beirut 
after the kidnappings and 
killings of the past three 
months, Amal’s attention has 
in any case been diverted by 
tiie continued fighting artrand 
the Palestinian camp at Botnj 

Picasso work on show 

Madrid — Picasso’s 1912 
^painting “Still Life With Dead 

£ 'Birds" and two works by Juan 

iris, all leading examples of 
tTTJie Cubist period, have gone 
--on display at the Prado Museh 

um (Richard Wigg writes). 

They are part of the bequest 
made to Spain by Mr Douglas 
Cooper, the English art critic 
and friend of both painters, 
who died in 1984. 

INew Woolwich 
^Interest Rates 

from 1st June 1986 


•paid hall yearly 
Iraki yearly 

for taxpayers at file 
basic rate of 29% 

Accounts 5.25% 7.39% 

CASHRASE |- 7C0/ t Q HfiO/ 
^ACCOUNTS 0-/D /O O.lU /O 



725%' 10.21 % 
750%' 10 . 56 % 
780%' 10 . 99 % 



ACCOUNTS 7.80% 10 . 99 % 

For savers not ordinarily resident - . . 

in the UK, interest is paid at the 

gross rate of 

Hie rate of interest on all other personal accounts will be 
.decreased by 0.75% from 1st June 1986. 


1100% -t- 7.81 °/c 

specified rale far cndwmem 
and repayment mortgages 

rw rare payable on ekgtfe loans wto 
mortgage interest tax reW at 29%. 

We are pleased to advise existing borrowers that from 1 st 
June 1986, the Woolwich Mortgage Rale for the purchase or 
improvement of owner-occupied residential property will be 
11%. This rate also applies to mortgage offers male before 
22nd April but not yet completed. 

If you have a repayment mortaage, your present monthly 
payment, if based on at least a 12 % interest table, can be 
reduced on application to your local branch. 

If you have an endowment mortgage, we will be writing to 
ysu with details of revised monthly payments shortly 



equitable blhdng sooety 

:ef Office; Equitable House, London SE18 GAB 

The Salt breakdown 

Kremlin accused of three violations 

By Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

General Edward Rowny, 
President's Reagan special 
arms control adviser, yester- 
day accused the Soviet Union 
of undercutting the 1979 
Salt 2 agreement in three 
main areas. 

He said the continued test- 
ing and deployment of the 
SS25 intercontinental ballistic 
missile violated the Salt 2 
provision limiting to one the 
number of new types ofICBM 
either superpower could de- 
ploy. Moscow had previously 
informed the US that its single 
new ICBM would be the 

The feet that the Soviet 
Union continued to encode 
messages on the performance 
of ballistic missiles during 
testing in a manner which 
impeded verification was a 
second violation of the treaty, 
the general said. 

About 90 per cent of these 
were being encoded compared 
with only about 5 per cent 
when the treaty was signed. 

General Rowny, who was 
speaking to journalists at the 
US Embassy in London, said 
tiie Soviet Union had also 
exceeded the missile and 
bomber ceilings agreed in the 

In feet Moscow had gone “a 
significant number over" the 
total of 2,504 missiles and 
bombers that were in the 
Soviet midear arsenal at the 
time the treaty was signed by 
President Carter and Presi- 
dent Brezhnev in 1979. 

He said that the Soviet 
Union had built more than 
800 new ICBMs since Presi- 

dent Reagan embarked on his 
massive defence moderniza- 
tion programme in 1981. 

He also contended that the' 
construction of a phased-array 
radar station at Krasnoyarsk 
in Siberia was a violation of 
the 1 972 Anti-Ballistic Missile 

Genera] Rowny was ex- 
plaining President Reagan's 
announcement on Tuesday 
that the US would no longer 
feel itself bound by the Salt 2 
restrictions unless Moscow 
radically altered its behaviour 
in the next few months. 

He said that in future 

President Reagan would con- 
sider US strategic needs and 
the threat posed by the Soviet 
Union in detennining tiie size 
and composition of the US 
deterrent force, rather than 
Sail treaty limits. 

General Rowny was bead of 
the US negotiating team at the 
strategic arms reduction talks 
in Geneva in 1982 and 1983. 

He said he did not believe 
President Reagan's Salt 2 de- 
cision would have a signifi- 
cant impact on Moscow’s 
attitude towards a summit 
meeting between President 
Reagan and Mr Mikhail 

Gorbachov in the US later this 

He was convinced that a 
summit would still tabs place 
in Washington, probably in 
November or December. 

If a Reagan-Gorbachov 
meeting does take place then, r latest of three court 

■ IJ • ■ .1 I i: tS 

The treaty provisions 

The second Strategic Arms 
limitation Treaty - Salt 2 — 
was signed by Presidents Car- 
ter and Brezhnev at the end of 
their Vienna summit meeting 
on June 18, 1979. Although 
never ratified by the US 
Senate, both sides pledged not 
to undercut its provisions as 
long as the other did likewise. 

Its main provisions were: 

X. A ceiling of 2,400 strategic 
missiles and bombers for both 
sides to be readied within six 
months of the treaty coming 
into force, and a further 
reduction to 2^250 in 1981. 

2. Within this ceiling, no more 
than 1,320 strategic missiles or 
bombers to be equipped with 
multiple warheads or cruise 
missiles; of those, no more 
than 1,200 land-based, sea- 
based or air-to-surface ballis- 
tic missiles to have multiple 
warheads; and of those land- 
based intercontinental ballis- 
tic missiles (ICBMs), no more 
than 820 to have -multiple 

3. The Soviet Union to dis- 
mantle 270 missiles to reach 
the 2^50 ceiling. 

4. The Soviet Union to stop 
production and deployment of 
theSSlfi missile. 

5. Both sides permitted fo 
build and deploy a single new 
type of ICBM. 

6. No more than 10 warheads 
on tiie new ICBM, and no 
more than 14 warheads on 
submarine-launched ballistic 

7. The 1972 Anti-Ballistic 
Missile Treaty to remain in 

8. Temporary constraints on 
mobile ICBMs and anise 

9. Compliance to be moni- 
tored by satellites and other 
‘‘national" means. 

10. An exchange of letters in 
which the Soviet Union 
agreed not to increase the 
production rate of Backfire 

it would coincide with the 
launching of the 1 3 1st US B52 
bomber equipped with air- 
launched cruise missiles — the 
moment when the US would 
officially go beyond the Salt 2 

- Genera] Rowny said be did 
not believe, in view of Soviet 
foot-dragging at the current 
Geneva arms talks, that a new 
arms reduction treaty would 
be ready for signing by then. 
But he thought a “VTadivos- 
tok-style framework" for re- 
ducing nuclear weapons might 
be forked out 

He was referring to the 
November 1974 Vladivostok 
Agreement by which Presi- 
dent Ford and Leonid Brezh- 
nev agreed on a formula for 
limiting strategic weapons. 

General Rowny acknowl- 
edged that Washington's Eu- 
ropean partners had been 
disappointed by its decision to 
break away from Salt 2 later 
this year unless Soviet viola- 
tions ended. Britain and other 
Nato countries had urged 
continued compliance with 
Soft 2. 

In a speech at Oxford 
University last night General 
Rowny accused the Soviet 
Union of deliberate foot-drag- 
ging mihe Geneva arms talks, 
saying that Moscow was 
“more interested in posturing 
and appealing to public opin- 
ion than in-getting down to 

From Jan Booth 

Security authorities 
have taken their first action 
against the CathoHc Church 
with die detention of Mr 
Nicholas Ndebele, director of 
the country's only human 
rights organization, the Cath 
oik Commission for Justice 
Peace in Zimbabwe. 

Mr Ndebete, aged 32, 
former student priest,-* 
arrested a week ag o af 

polto SMB-h cJ fcC^B jW 
of roe cmnmtssMm. it is 
understood that his lawyers 
have been given ho reason for 
his arrest under a 30-day 
detention order. 

In 1983 the commission 
accused government security 
forces of having been responsi- 
ble for a “reign of temn** in 
the western provinces of Mat- 

abeleland, drawing angr y a»- 

demnatian from the Prone 
Minister, Mr Roben 

Since then it has 
to n n , i**f m ‘ allegations of -hu- 
man righto abases in Matabe- 
lejand, bat tas toned down its 

During the last five years uf 
white rale in. R hod es ia, the 
commission exposed scores of 
cases of security force brutal- 
ity against black drifians, and 
as a result suffered almost 
constant harassment. Tfie 
Catholic Orach here was also 
in the forefront of support for 
Mr Mugabe's gneniflas, to Us 
considerable peril 
Documents confiscated from 
Mr Ndebele's office have been 
banded to the High Court after 
a judge ruled that the police 
had exceeded the limits of 
their warrant 

applications for Mr Ndebele's 
release was made yesterday 
morning, when, dressed in 
prison Khaki, he was delivered 
two hours after the deadline of 
the habeas corpus order. 

Legal experts regard deten- 
tion pow ers under Section 17 
of tiie Emergency Powers Reg- 
ulations as very nearly imper- 
vious to legal attack. Mrs 
Justice Mavb Gibson suggest- 
ed at yesterday's hearing that 
it would be academic for Mr 
Ndebele's lawyers to ' pursue 
their action. 

The detention orders are 
rimed by Mr Enos Nkala, 
Minister of Home Affairs, 
who earlier thfrr month ac- 
cused Amnesty International 
of having recruited and paid 
anti-Government goerriOas to 
supply the Catirauc . aMnmfe- 
sum with information. 

The court’s pobfic gallery 
yesterday was fified with about 
40 Catholic pritds, nuns and 
lay workers, led by Archbish- 
op Patrick Chakapia of 
Harare. •«.. 

• Britons quizzed: Eire Brit- 
ish citizens woe still in police 
custody in the western aty of 
Bulawayo yesterday, for ques- 
tioning over the raid into 
Zimbabwe last week by South . 
African commandoes. 

hundreds of 
seized for questioning in the 
aftermath of the raid. 

Archbishop of York finds a 
religious revival in 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

a controversial 10- the number of believers in the don of British 
Soviet union. 

Speaking in tiie unlikely 
surroun dings of the “Stalin 
Gothic" Ukraine Hotel here. 

Dr Habgood said that despite 
the absence of official figures, 
some 30 million of a total 
population of 278 million were 
now Orthodox Christians. 

“If you go to a Russian 
church, the people you see are 
mainly old and mainly women, 
but the same is true of the 
Church of England. The evi- 
dence that we found shows 
that the number of baptisms 
is, in fact, very large. 

“ The pattern is that chil- 
dren- are baptized and then 
brought up in the faith by 
grandmothers, which enables 
the parents to lie low during 
the sensitive years that they 
are in jobs. On retirement, 
which here tends to come 
early, the parents come back 
into the Church again because 
they have nothing to lose." 

The Archbishop was joint 
leader of a IP-strong delega- 

day study tour of religious 
institutions in tiie Soviet 
Union, the Archbishop of 
York, Dr John Habgood, 
claims to hare discovered con- 
vincing evidence of a 
revival despite the 
opposition of the atheist Com- 
munist Party. 

In an interview with The 
Times, the Archbishop said 
here yesterday that the revival 
was miring place largely 
among young people who were 
displaying “spiritual hunger”. 
There were signs that the 
Party was worried at the trend. 

He cited an unusual 45- 
minute fQm on Soviet televi- 
sion this week in which the 
authorities repeated their 
pledge to eradicate religion 
from the Soviet Union, but 
acknowledged with regret that 
it would not happen in this 

“The Giro caused a great 
deal of anticipation among 
Russian churchmen because 
they were hoping for some 
relaxing in the laws, but they 
were disappointed", the Arch- 
bishop said. “What it showed 
Instead was the anxiety of the 
Party, which was trying to 
convince young people that 
their questions on religion 
were being answered satis- 

The propaganda film deput- 
ed Britain as a country of 
religious decline in in which 
600 churches had dosed in a 

It aba informed Soviet view- 
ers that it was against the tew 
to issue precue statistics abont 

Dr Habgood: spiritual 
hunger among young 

and Irish 
church leaders. This week, 
they raised the individual 
cases of a number of impris- 
oned Christians and Jews 
during a two-hour meeting 
with the chairman of the 
Council for Religious Affairs. 

“Of course, he was a Com- 
munist, but that did not pre- 
vent him quoting the Bible at 
ns on more than one occasion," 
Dr Habgood said, shortly 
before flying back to Britain, 
where he will report to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 

“We asked him to provide 
information on why the specif- 
ic people we mentioned had 
been imprisoned." 

The churchmen pressed the 
Soviet official to permit them 
to send in consignments of 
Bibles, but they were refused. 

“He explained the shortage 
of Bibles by the lack of paper 
to print them on.” the Arch- 
bishop said. “The reason why 
there should be such a short- 
age in a country which is 
practically all forest was not 

The Arch bishop, who was 
making his first trip to the 
Soviet Union, said that he had 
been impressed by the intensi- 
ty of religious fkith demon- 
strated, although he admitted 
that the ability to worship was 
only “purchased at a very 
heavy price." 

“It is Important for outsid- 
ers to visit the Russian Church 
so that it does not develop a 
‘ghetto mentality*," the Arch- 
bishop said. “I think that wo 
can say that our delegation has 
done some good ... We have 
□ot made a breakthrough." 

Washington heartened 
hy emigration move 

From Michael Binyou, Washington 
The United States has given, cases of divided families, from 

an unusually warm reception 
to the Soviet decision to allow 
117 Soviet citizens to join 
family members in the US. 

US officials describe it as a 
significant step that will do 
much to increase Sovief- 
American cooperation and to 
build on last year’s Geneva 
summit meeting results. 

The Soviet move, which 
came as the Bern conference 
on East-West human contacts 
was in its dosing stages, was 
described by the State Depart- 
ment as givingmeaning to the 
Geneva summit declaration 
on resolving humanitarian 

. The US said it hoped that it 
indicated a Soviet desire “to 
move ahead in our efforts to 
improve mutual understand- 
ing between qur peoples, ,to 
make progress in other .areas 
of human rights, such as 
emigration, and to increase 
cooperation between our two 

Moscow agreed to settle 36 

a list . of 126 presented by 
Washington. The total the 
largest since the US began 
pressing for family reunifica- 
tion 30 years ago — accounts 
for almost a third of outstand- 

ing c 

In addition there are 21 
married people still denied 

permission tojom spouses m 
the US, and 20 Russians who 

Bermuda sends five for arms trial 

Hamilton, Bermuda (Reu- 
ter) — A court yesterday 
turned down the appeals of 
five men. including an Israeli 
general, ag ai n st extradition to 
the US to face charges of 
conspiring to sell arms to Iran. 

The officer is Brigadier 
General Avraham Bar-Am, 
former military attache with 


the Israeli Embassy in Turkey. 

The three-man Court of 
Appeal upheld extradition or- 
ders by a lower court and 
denied claims by the five that 
the orders were a sham and 
that the Bermuda Govern- 
ment was acting as no more 
than an arm of the US 
Customs Agenc y. 

The five arc General Bar- 
Am, Samuel Evans, an Ameri- 
can arms broker who lives in 
Britain: Mr -Rafael Eisenberg, 
and his son GurieL interna- 
tional surplus arms dealers 
from Jerusalem; and Mr Wi- 
liam Northrop, an arms dealer 
from Arizona with dual Amer- 
ican-Israeli citizenshi p. 

hold US 

Washington, dearly - sur- 
prised at the Soviet move, has 
taken itas a good omen for the 
pngected summit meeting 
here between President Rea- 
gan .and Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov later this year. 

Settlement of human rights 
issttes has long been the yard- 
stick of Soviet goodwill in 
American eyes, and tire 117 
exit visas wifi justify President 
Reagan’s contention, .that qui- 
et diplomacy gets best results. 

The right wing, is also 
jubilant, seeing the concession 
as proof that the tough US 
stand at Bern paid oft 


with grace 

in contempt 

Sydney — Derryn Hindi, a 
prominent Melbourne broad- 
caster. was sentenced to six 
weeks’ imprisonment and a 
fine of £1 1,700 in the Supreme 
Court for contempt of court 
(Stephen Taylor writes). 

He bad been found gent 
for three broadcasts in 
he mentioned the previous 
convictions of a priest who 
was feeing sex offence charges. 

600 escape on 
second ferry 

Dhaka — About 600 people 
escaped when a second dou- 
ble-decker ferry boat was 
blown on to a river island 
about 35 miles from Dhaka on 
Tuesday (Ahmed Fazl writes). 

Most of the passergers were 
travelling to claim the bodies 
of rdatives kffled in foe 
country’s wears boat disaster 
last Sunday, Stan which 260 
bodies have bom recovered. 

Gadaffi claim 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Colonel 
Gadaffi has written to a 
Japanese schoolgirl, idling her 
that he is not involved in 
terrorist activities, as Presi- 
dent Reagan claims. 

Promise kept 

Ankara (Reuter) — Turkey's 
Parliament has approved a 
law allowing the privatization 
of state enterprises, which was 
a key part of the 1983 election 
platform of the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Tmgut OzaL 

Nato at sea 

Lisbon (Reuter) — Some 
6JJ0Q servicemen from nine 
Nato countries including Brit- 
ain have begun the biggest 
□aval and air exercises ever 
held off the Portuguese coast. 

Three reasons 

Athens (AP) —The compos- 
er Mikis Theodorakis resigned 
from Parliament on Tuesday 
because his presence there was 
“illogical, ineffectual and 
ornamental", he wrote to the 
Greek Communist Party; r 

Rogue husky 

Oslo — More than 50-men 
have been scouring thick for- 
ests surrounding the town of 
Eidsskog, near the Sweden- 
Norway border, for a Siberian 
husky which has killed 16 

Cordoba’s day 

Madrid — King Joan Carlos 
of- Spain inaugurated the 
1200th anniversary celebra- 
tions of Cdrdoba’s mosque* 

Big bang 

Wellington (AP) — France 
exploded its 8 1st underground 
nuclear test in the South 
Pacific, detonating a device 
with an explosive yield' of 
2,000 tons of TNT, scientists 


Sydney (AP) — An English 
translation of Premia, looking 
decidedly staid : against the 
customary Australian papers, 
went on sale with most of its 
front page filled with a picture 
of Lenin. 

Cruel dish 

Singapore (Reuter)..- A 
Chinese dish which involves 
frying; a live fish while it is still 
gasping for air has been out- 
lawed by Singapore restau- 
rants after officials found the 
method crueL 



For and on behalf of ttw foramost U.K. merchants 


• • * - and 


rags and runners.... . 

Tho. inventory includes antique rugs, silk rugs of various- origins. TrittaJ and 
Nomadic rugs and many carter unusual carpets and rugs from the East ' 
At present all merchandise is stored in HJBL CUSTOMS BONDED 
WAREHOUSE, the goods offered for Auction wiU be removed from bond (all 
dudes paid), to various locations where these auctions are in be held for 
immediate disposal 


At the London International Hotel 


London SW5 0TH 

At Hampstead Auction Rooms 
28 Roaalyn Hfl Hampstead 

On SUN 1st June at 3pm 
Viewing from 11am day of sale 

On Sun 1st June at 3pm 
I Viewing. from 11am day of sale 

Auctioneer* Note: AS Bens guaranteed authentic and a - 
certificate of authenticity wffl be supp&ed with weft purchase 

. Auoxwwfs Ballmgton Grange La. 23 Row^mHgrap«*M NW.Sm-794 »1Z 

i)is rll f 
# 01 

Santo- Domingo (AFP) — 
The Social Democratic presi- 
dential candidate; Seficr Jac- 
ob© Majluta, has conceded 
that his conservative rival 
Senor Joaquin Balaguer. had 
won the Dominican Repub- 
lic's long drawn-out election, 
which took place on May I6. ! 

. Seficr Majluta yesterday 
congratulated the near-blind 
78-year-old poet on hxs win. 

Seftor Balaguer, who has 
already served four times as 
president of this Caribbean 
stale; will be sworn in cm 
August 16 in succession to the 
outgoing President Salvador 
Jorge Blanco. - 

!u>S K ‘' 

'* * 


. . i r ‘ ' 

. 1. 1 •- ■ • 

. */*: - r " 

.IT* ‘ 

* ;• v 

. !►. 

:Sidura> till 

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C rt ' ! 


•7. /;.v 

H s *h J 



disrupted as work 
stops over wage delay 

Australian industry was dis- 
ropted yesterday when more 
jhan 500,000 of its 7.579.000 
workers responded to a call for 
action over ' delays in the 
■settlement of the national 
wage case. 

The shipping, manufactur- 
ing and building industries 

affected by the protests, today after calls by the mining 
which ranged from extended unions, to their 28,000 mem- 

.which 'ranged from extended 
3 (inch Tjreaks to all-out stop- 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 
came io a standstill for the 
day, affecting about 40 vessels. 

In the states of Victoria and 
New South Wales, car assem- 
bly workers went on strike for 
24 hours, while some trans- 
port workers and teachers 
staged temporary stoppages. 

Further' action was expected 
today after calls by the mining 

bers for a ohe-day strike. 

. . Mr.Simon Creari, president 

'. jac ^ 

Tv ^The ports of Sydney,' Mel- .offoe Australia n Con ned of 
bourne. Addaide and Perth Trade Vnipas (ACTC£ equi V- 

Job hopes dim for 

From Our Correspondent, Sydney 

y ' n 

There are, as usual, two 
sides Jo the story. 

One depicts tee ndgers scan- 
ning employment office win- 
■dun with increasing anxiety 
and misery until eventually 
Ifiey become resigned to a long 
■stint on the dote. The other 
"shows' carefree young people 
collecting enough benefits to 
allow them to share a house 
and spend long sunny days 
surfing off Bondi beach. ; 

most stories, there Is a 
rjgeasure" of truth Ul both 
; versions. Bid whether or, not 
impost young Australians mutt 
1 1 o’ work — and the available 
information suggests that they 
^-do — the Lne&apable feet is 
^that unemployment has be- 
j -come chronic among this ap- 
parently blessed generation. 
Unemployment among the 
’ under- 20 nge group is 2£6 per 
cent, compared with an overall 
rate of 7.9 per cent. 

The Hawke Government is 
j disturbed by both -statistics, 

- but while the oatjonal^iire is 
-Coming down and a. 1983 

election pledge to create 

- 500.000 new jobs has been 
more than redeemed, the rate 
lor yoath unemployment has. 
just gone up, for the fifth 

, successive month. ' . . 

In a recent national survey 
in : which 2,000 Anstnfians 

- aged between 18 and 24 were 

- asked the ™»" problem con- 
■ fronting youth, 45 per cent 

answered nnemploynieut; 26 
par cent said drugs, and 7 per 
cent said unclear war. 

In a country where wages 
had been high and work 
available' the 1981/82 reces- 
sion ended jOb-boppiag, and 
young - Australians leaving 
school without Qualifications 
since then have been in 

Examination of the malaise 
has disclosed- some of its 
contributory factors. 

For one thing, as recently as 
a couple of years ago. Only 35 
per cent of students stayed on 
for the last year of senior i 
schooling. ThOngh that figure 
has since increased by about 
10 per cent, Australia's school 
retention rate is still among 
-the lowest of OECD countries. 

For another, nutil recently 
thine- was little structured 
vocational training for the 
labour market, which, despite 
its problems, is stiD foil of 

The ailment is serious 
enough to have inspired a 
major Canberra initiative, 
called Priority One, which 
emphasizes training and far- 
ther education* 

.Bid after last year's econom- 
ic jpowth of 415 per cent, which 
produced more new jobs than 
anticipated, this year's projec- 
tion of growth of only. 1.6 per 
emit might actually mean die 
loss of about 50,008 jobs. 

- - Territorial cMms *, 

Honduras and Salvador 
take dispute to court 

From John CarBn, San Salvador 
. At the Central American of fighting tr-lengthy case — 

“-summit last weekend a long- 
.« lost territorial dispute in the 
. ; Falklands mould resurfaced. 

. «■ It has been a running sere for 
: _ |‘50 years between Honduras 
and H Salvador, two dose 
* abies.of the US who refuse to . 
be allies with each oiher. 

In a quiet moment ' during - 
the summit meeting, Presi- 
. . dents Jose Napoledn Duarte 
'.of S Salvador and Jos£ 

•’ : Azcona of Honduras signed a 
".formal agreement to take the 
/. dispute to .the International 
; ' Court ofJusticeai The Hague. 

~ 1 ’ Until then, diplomats had 
reported that temperatures 

soman ~ 


/SAxbr EL | . 

- bad been rising fost as political • 
r pressure built for national 

- honour to be restored. _ 

: - Since independmice from 
Spain, both have laid dahn to 
a patch of infertile mountain 
territory on - their, common 
* ■ border and to a tiny island 
: V called Mcanguera. . 

a war over the issue in 1969. 
^7. failed to settle anythin con- 
7 • dusively. It was not until 1980 
4 that both nations agreed to a 
treaty, signed in Luna, land- 
ing them to teach asolution-by 
December last year. . 

; If that foiled, as it did, a- 
■- final effort woufd be made to- 
'V- seek . bilateral accord before 
-*■ submitting the case to the 

>- World Court. Thai too railed. 

n Tl ^ 5 
■±r 4 £ 


: at 

police arrest 
100 doctors 

From Ahmed Fari . 


More than 100 doctors have 
been arrested and 70 injured 
in sweeping police action to 
break a two-month stnke. by 
1.200 internee doctors , who 

* were paralyzing T3 state-run 
- 1 hospitals in Bangladesh. 

A spokesman for dm doe- 
- tors said that their leaders 

* were indeed up by police 

> during a rally yesterday and at 
■7 a street demonstration on 
; « Tuesday when 70 wop injured 
■; by polfCC’ttfing batons. ... - 
■ . The doctorsbave demand- 
ed permanent .-government 
jobs after their ono-'>-ear-hospi- 
Si tat training, bui^ihc Ministry^. 

.. 5* tf H^ ih willja ke only 1 50 of . 

alent of the TUC. said that the 
Confederation of Australian 
Industry had provoked the 
action by seeking to mobilize 
p ublic opinion against the 
ACTU’s national wage claim 
and to have it removed from 
foe established wage-fixing 

“We had no alternative. We 
had to respond,” he said. 

A claim for a IL5 per cent 
wage increase and for a pro- 
posed national superannua- 
tion scheme, both of which 
have been accepted by the 
Federal Government under its 
accord with the unions, are 
before foe Arbitration Com- 

The commission's wage, 
bench declined to sit yesterday 
because of the stoppages, but 
will resume hearings today. 

Employers condemned foe 
stoppages, saying that they 
were damaging the economy 
ala time when severe underly- 
ing problems were exposing a 
widening balance of payments 
deficit The federal Opposi- 
tion also criticized the action. 

There was no official re- 
sponse from the Hawke Gov- 
ernment, which has indicated 
that it will be asking foe 
ACTU at a top-level meeting 
next week to defer part of foe 
accord package, though not its 
call for a wage increase. 

Solomon Islanders gathering firewood near a ship beached dose to Hrmoria, the capital, by Cydone Naum, which killed 
more than 100 people. The Prime Minister, Sir Peter KenDora, has appealed for tents to house the 90,000 homeless. 

to settle 
on Asians 9 
claims ? 

From Charles Harrison 

The Museveni Government 
in Uganda says that it intends 
to settle long-standing claims 
on property worth hundreds of 
millions of pounds which be- 
longed to the 50,000 Asians 
expelled in 1972 by the former 
president, Idi Amin. 

It says that claims will be 
dealt with and all remaining 
houses, shops, businesses, fac- 
tories ami farm land mil be 
sold to Ugandans. 

The settlements are part of* 
series of moves designed to 
restore stability to the econo- 
my. A two-tier Currency sys- 
tem is being set up, with 
essential imports and the 
government's debt repayments 
valued at 2,100 Ugandan shil- 
tings to the £, while all other 
transactions wiD be made a£a 
rate of some 7,500 shillings to 
the £- 

Ugandan fanners will . be 
paid more for their coffee, 
cotton, tea, cocoa and tobacco, 
and bank interest rates areto 
rise to between 25 and 45 per 
cent in a bid to attract local 

Thousands of Asians sub- 
mitted claims for the return iff 
property in 1980 at the invita- 
tion of former President Mil- 
ton Obote. Onlya handful 
succeeded, though some did 
regain their businesses. 



iv !sii! “-summit last weekend a long- two or three years, it is now 
-« tost territorial dispute in the' . expected . *- at foe .World 
. ; Falklands mould resurfaced. Court. Bat, as an aide of 
.1 ' < It has been a running sore for President Duarte saidlast 

_ ! 5Q years between Honduras week, there was no alter- 
j - and H Salvador, two dose native. 

' «• allies of the US who refuse to . Privately, senior Salvador- 
be afiies with each oiber. eac officials are known to fed 
In a quiet moment 'during - that arbitration may eventual- 
' z -i the summit meeting, Presi- {y be necessary. 

»..«.■ — ..dents Jose Napiriedn Duarte The Hondurans, whose mfl- 
"\ of B Salvador and Jose ji^ry might, today is for less’ 
• I Azcona of Honduras agned a than that of the American- 
• ; . formal agreement to take the dependent Salvadoreans, lost 
. dispute to .foe International so-called “soccer war” in 
; * Court of Justice at The Hagu^ 7969 . The war, which lasted 
'Until then, diplomats had only 1 00 hours, came just two 
reported that temperatures af^ q Salvador beat 

. Honduras in. a World Cup 

1 snw^ match, dinching qualification 

K ■Q^BThomouS = * for the following year's final 
' ’ . The Salvadorean army pa- 

[^1 shed deep into. Honduran 
... . territory, carrying out the sort 

S / s*m*r Vi of human .rights .violations 

0 Salvador i**, • traditionally reserved for its 

ownpeople. And thai;.far the 

r^*? :■ Salvadoreans; was that. 

_ - But the Honduran army is 

- bad befen rising fest as political still smarting from that defeat 

- pressure built' for national To the consternation of foe 

hononr to be restored. Amenoms, Honduras insists 

: - .from “ 

Spain, both have laid dam to- Joast as. much of^ threat as 
a^teh of infertile monmain 

territory on - their common would like all Central Amen- 

. * v *■ border and to a tiny island cans to pereprve as their 

* ; V Sted Mcanguera. - A Shiest amunon enemy. 

I.-' a war over the issue in 1969. few local observers were 
■ 7 . foiled to settle anything con- surprised a year, ,ago May 
7 ' dusivety. It was not until 1980 whenHondurastoId foe US rt 

- that both nations agreed to a would no longer allow Amen- 

' " " treaty, signed in Lima, bind- .'-on militaiy experts to tram 

mg foem to reach asolutioirby Salvadorean soldiers, 
December last year. The US would be sure to 

. • If that foiled, as it did, a- cxm^pres^ireto k^ptte 

- c final effort woukl be- made to-^ sides from £gbtiog- But El 
seek bilateral accord before Salvador and Honduras - a 
submitting foe case to the vastiyondc^pidated anm- 
World Ccmn. Thai too felled,: try and the inspiration for the 
hence the weekend agreement. ’ : term ta^a repifobc -- 
Lr - The Salvadorean Govern— have chosen to pve gnat 
mem. econdmieaHy undCT 

eppM after six years of oviT Argcntmc manner, to sn sssne 
> war, is known 10 have had no " felt by diptomats to have little 
desire to go to foe vast expense, intrinsic importance. 






Wettest village 
has barely 
a drop to drink 

Delhi (AP) - Cherrapuiyi, 
the Assam village that holds 
the world's rain foil record, is 
running short of water. • 

The Sraiesman newspaper 
says foe community six miles 
into Bangladesh is short of 
driukable'water beeausedefor- 
esxation has turned once-lush 
land to barren gravel. 

- A village sign: “The source 
of wateris gradually going dry 
.and. hence, whatever water is 
being supplied is- to be used 

Chenrapunji has three titles 
iii* The Guinness Book of Rec- 
ords: Highest- monthly rain- 
fall. 366 J 4 in (July 1861); 
hipest yeariyfeILl.Q4I.78 in 
( 1860-6 Ifcwettesi place, based- 
on average rainfall, 45 in 

..•*11 " .. ■ 

Most successful British companies have recognised the of 

importance of better trainingfortheir workforce fo 

They see that in. today’s economic climate, a well-trained th 
workforce is an important factor for commercial success. 

Surprisingly there are still companies who haven't got the fo 
message. Not surprisingly they are among the lowest-performing; 

They fail to recognise that the world has changed since Britain was - fa: 
its industrial leader. Consequently, in key areas, our training i gn 

record lags well behind some of our main competitors, such I M 

asGermany,JapanandtheUnitedStates. - I H 

The ‘Action for Jobs’ booklet brings together a variety 


To: Adionfor Jobs, FREEPOST Curzon House; Name 

20-24 Lonsdale Road London NW6 1YR Address ■ • -- ■ 

- Please send me the 'Action for Jobsf booklet 

- ■ - ..Ti, ■ ni itvjiicbrr j**: luuiuniJf,'. ' . l Jimnany ; 

of schemes, for people who are prepared to acquire the right skills 
for today’s industry, and schemes for employers who recognise 
the importance of training. 

This applies to newcomers to industry, as well as re-training 
for.those who are already working in it. 

These programmes all recognise that in todays world of 
fast-moving technology, training cannot be seen as a once-and-for- 
ali operation, but must be a continuous process. 

The Action for Jobsf booklet gives details of these 
.. schemes. Ask your secretary to send in the coupon for a 
- copy, or pick one up at your main Post Office or Jobcentre. 

L But 

5 left 
p and 
p after 

6 by 

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and a 
x on 

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Jp to 
ax the 
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160 -10 

3-3 74 





2 hr. 

rating — : 
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ns 781 

ol Emuloyineni und ihe Manpoiw 
Sendees Cchtiuhss-o'i 


F » Mnnm 




The head boy 
from Brazil 




B etween 1982 and 1985 
the cost of running the 
Zurich office of Joao 
Havelange, the presi- 
dent of football's world 
governing body, the Federation of 
International Football Associa- 
tions, amounted to £400,000 out 
of a gross FIFA budget over the 
three years of more than £10 
million. And the £400,000 did not 
include his personal global travel- 
ling expenses when engaged on the 
business of FIFA's executive or its 
World Cup committees. Yet this 
morning in Mexico City, two days 
before the kick-off of the World 
Cup, Havelange, a Brazilian, will 
be re-elected unopposed for a 
fourth, four-year term of office. 

A presidential-style administra- 
tion of the world's major sport is 
seemingly accepted and here to 
stay. And why not. some may ask? 
FIFA's profit from its share of the 
World Cup and international 
match receipts aver the same three 
years was £550.000: its income 
from its share of football assets 
between 1986 and 1989 is expect- 
ed to be £14 million. The 12-year 
presidency of Havelange has coin- 
cided with a colossal upsurge in 
the finances of international foot- 
ball, thanks to television and 
allied sponsorship and marketing. 

Havelange, who was 70 earlier 
this month, may be marginally 
less influential, politically and in 
sporting terms, than Juan 
Samaranch, president of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee, but 
he certainly has more direct 
power. He rules football without 
even the most timid of opposing 

voices. Football has undergone 
vast change since the days of 
committee rule under Sir Stanley 
Rous: and even be was considered 
sufficiently autocratic for the En- 
glish Football Association to have 
contrived to prevent him becom- 
ing its chairman while he was 
FIFA's president. The era of the 
executive president reflects com- 
mercial influences. Havelange 
probably exerts more financial 
muscle, through the channels of 
the 1 1 multinational official spon- 
sors of this World Cup, such as 
Coca-Cola, Philips and JVC, than 
some beads of state. 

The 20-strong executive com- 
mittee amounts to little more than 
a costly rubber stamp - their 
expenses in 1982-85 were more 
than £1 million. The present 
World Cup is a case in point. 

Colombia had been elected 
hosts for 1986 at a time when the 
finals contained only 16 countries, 
not the 24 which Havelange 
introduced in 1978 as payment in 
kind to the Third World members 
whose votes had brought him to 
power four years earlier. The 
Colombians could not cope with 
24 teams. Four candidates offered 
to replace them: Brazil, the United 
States, Canada and Mexico. Bra- 
zil, three times winner of the 
World Cup, were the obvious 
choice but controversially with- 
drew. possibly because Havelange 
was at loggerheads with the chair- 
man of Brazilian football A 
special FIFA commission was' 
appointed to investigate the facili- 
ties of the other three. 

It was known that Havelange 

was a personal friend of Emilio 
Escarraga, the owner of Mexico's 
main television network, and also 
of Guillermo Canedo. another 
Mexican and a vice-president of 
FIFA, with whom Havelange has 
business connections. Months be- 
fore the decision it was being said 
that Mexico would be the choice. 
Before the meeting in Stockholm. 
Rafael del Castillo Ruiz, head of 
the Mexican delegation, could be 
seen arm in arm with Caneda 
The American delegation was 
fronted by Dr Henry Kissinger. 
Each delegation had half an hour. 
Mexico, ushered in after Canada, 
were out In eight minutes, their 
documents no more than a few 
typed pages. Kissinger extended 
America's audience to nearly an 
hour, with commercial analyses 
costing thousands of dollars. 

M eanwhile, the Mexi- 
cans were already 
downstairs in the 
lobby preparing a 
celebration cocktail 
party. Less than half an hour after 
Kissinger's exit, it was announced 
that Mexico was the executive's 
unanimous choice. No -vote had 
been taken, and the charade of the 
submissions became apparent 
when it was learned that 
Havelange had gained the 
executive’s approval of the special 
commission's recommendation - 
Mexico — at breakfast-time. Kis- 
singer considered suing FIFA for 
allegedly breaching its own 

Whether Havelange' s presiden- 
tial influence was well used will be 
tested this month, though at 
present it seems that the Mexicans 
have surpassed themselves in 
overcoming the catastrophe of last 
year’s earthquake in order to be 
ready when the curtain goes up. 

Have land’s Latin American 
allegiance and his alleged antago- 
nism towards the United States — 
over its refusal to suspend sum- 
mer football during past World 


ISIS Bom Jean Mai e Fausfin 
Goctefroid (Joao) Havelange, 
May 8, Bio da Janeiro. 

Degree in Law- Speaks 
Portuguese. French. 

• Spanish, English. - 

Lawyer, import manager.on 
boante of many companies, . 

1936 Competes in swimming, - 
Berta Olympics. 

1952 Competes in water polo, 
Helsinki Olympics. . 

1955-63 Member of Brazilian 
. Otympteccsnmktee. . 

1956 Head of Brazilian ; 
delegation to Melbourne . 


1958 Becomes member of 
South American cyding 

195873 President of Brazilian ■ 
Sports Federation. ' 

1963 Elected to International 
- Olympic Committee. 

.1974 Elected President of FIFA 
1974. Re-elected 1978, 


On tfae ball: Jo4o Havelange, the world of football in Ms hands ami the football world at his fact 

Cups and its more than justified 
experimentation with changes to 
the game's laws — may have done 
football a disservice. The Los 
Angeles Olympic Games demon- 
strated what potential ethnic audi- 
ences existed for football in 

Havelange, a lawyer and busi- 
nessman, came into football from 
He swam for Brazil in 
, and competed 
polo in *1952- From 1958 
to 1973 — the period covering 
Brazil’s three World Cup victories 
- he was president of the Brazilian 
Sports Federation, CBD. A cele- 
bration tournament organized by 
him in Rio in 1 972 at the height of 
Brazil's eminence, with worldwide 
invitations, created the platform 
for his bid to replace Rous two 
years later. 

Many African and Asian mem- 
bers of FIFA, normally absent at 
congress because they could not 
afford the journey, were present in 
Frankfurt: and, riding the advan- 
tage of opposition to Rous for the 
(then) continuing exclusion of 

China and for Russia's exclusion 
from the World Cup— totally by 
the regulations — for their refiisal 
to play a qualifying tie in Chile, 
Havelange was home. - 
He paid his dues. Tbe,Worid 
Dip finals were expanded to allow 
for more teams from Asia, Africa 
and Central America. This cannot 
be wholly criticized. The tradi- 
tionally strong countries should 
not be allowed to dominate a sport 
simply because of their existing 
strength. Countries such as Cam- 
eroon, Kuwait and Algeria have 
emerged as exciting newcomers. 

Y et the risk is that what 
Havelange has created 
is a festival rather than a 
world championship, 
from which some out- 
standing teams — such as, this 
time, Sweden, Romania and Hol- 
land — will inevitably be 

Additionally, the Third World 
has been favoured substantially by 
technical and coaching subsidies 
and by the development of minor 

world tournaments such as the 
youth and under- 1 6 cups, these 
are splendid for such as Nigeria, ., 
utilizing football to expand na- 
tional identity as well as domestic 
recreation, but unwelcome to 
Europe, still' overwhelmingly 
FIFA's strongest continent on the 
pitch, because of the conflict with 
■ the big professional dubs. 

Havelange has managed to pro- 
tect his beck. His only likely 
opponent within the executive, 
Anemia Franchi of Italy, who was 
the European president; died; and 
the emergence of another chal- 
lenger has been avoided by ap- 
pointing Harry Cavan ofNorthern ‘ 
Ireland, a vice-president who is 
Havelange's age, as chairman of 
five committees: technical, refer- 
ees, the youth and under-16 
competitions, and Third World 
development. And in 1982, FIFA, 
at a cost of almost £500,000, paid 
off the secretary, Dr. Helmut. 
Kaiser, and press secretary, Renfc ' 
Court, both of whom were poten- 
tially capable of co-ordinating 
opposition to Havelange. 

1988 Stanffing unopposed for * 
re-etection as FIFA 
President for four* term. ■ 

Though he can capable of charm 
and courtesy. Havelange ispart of 
what many observers r^ard as tfar - 
Latin American cartel now. run- ' 
ning world sport — other leading - 
qualifiers .indude Samaranch and 
Primo NebioJo. president of the- 
International Amateur Athletic 
Federation — and as a member of 
the International Olympic Com- 
mittee. for example, Havelange 
has guaranteed the support of 
other Latin American members 
for Barcelona's bid for the 1992 

It is said he will seek a fifth term 
.in 1990. He certainly has enor- 
mous endurance, and cart be seen 
manhandling his luggage at four in 
the morning to catch the next 
plane as . he endlessly circles the 
globe. Certainly he has helped to 
make international football 
wealthier, and has brought smaller 
nations mfo the reckoning Many 
of the sOent voices within FIFA 
doubt whether he has made the 
game better on the field. 

David Miller 



8 Voice thrower (l 3) 

9 Material scrap (3) 

10 Imitation (9) 

It Frequently (5) 

13 Material (7) 

16 Fbner(7) 

19 Dragonfly larva (5) 

22 Question for job (91 

24 Gallivant (3) 

25 LandingBcarfO) 


1 Exaggerate (6) 

2 Horse chess piece (61 

3 Three-year cycles (8) 

4 Contract section (6) 

5 Water (4) 

6 Conclude (6) 

7 Ungenerous (6) 

12 Craw (3) 

14 Tinea (8) 

15 Sever (3) 


ACROSS: I Sarong 4 Finite 7 Veto 8 Wondered 9 Repartee 13 
Red 16 Horticultural 17 Paw 19 Saturate 24 Froufrou 25 Snip 26 
Sweaty 27 Notate 

DOWN: 1 Suva 2 Rouen Row 3 Gower 4 Fence 5 Need 6 
These 10 Alias 11 Taunt 12 Enter 13 Ruriinnia 14 Dak 15 
Chap 18 Arrow 20 Array 21 U-turn 22 Jura 23 Epee 

16 Hatred (6) 

17 Slovenly (6) 

IS Raven-fed prophet 
( 6 ) 

20 Hungarian la n guag e 
( 6 ) 

21 Concealed (6) 

23 Undercooked (4) 


in this year’s 

Literature Festival 



for an unpublished poem 
of up to fifty lines in English 

One hundred of the entries will be selected 
and published in the TLS of September 5, 
along with a ballot sheet on which readers 
can send in their first, second and third 
choices. Meanwhile the judges will make 
their own decision. 


U A Fanthorpe, Blake Morrison, 
Hugo Williams, Alan Hollinghurst (TLS), 
Holly Eley (TLS). 


Readers’ choices: 
Judges' choices: 

£500 £250 £100 

£500 £250 £100 


Results will be published in the TLS of 
October 3. Winners will be invited to read 
their poems at the Festival. 

For details and entry forms please send s.a.e. 
or International Reply Coupon to: Poetry 
Competition, Town Hall, Cheltenham, 
Gloucester GL50 1QA, England. Closing 
date for entries is August 1 1986. 

Organised as part of the 1986 Cheltenham 
Festival of Literature, October 5-19. 

6 We used to say that if you wanted a job there was 

Pit closures and the demise of railway 
engineering are the latest blows in a 
town hit by the effects of change. 

Michael Hatfield visited Doncaster 

A factory siren from the 
plant works winds up 
plaintive decibels that 
float across the town and ebb 
away. It's the end of a bad 
week in Doncaster. Down in a 
railway station subway, a 50- 
foot mural is being painted. 
Engines — including the fam- 
ous record-breaking Mallard, 
built at the plant - leap out of 
the brickwork. History hits 
you between the eyes. 

It is the history of a commu- 
nity imbued with a tradition 
of railway engineering and 
mining and it is reaching the 
end of the line. The people in 
the bright, modem shopping 
centre know it. Frank 
Cressweil, now retired, 
worked in the plant when the 
Mallard was built “Bloody 
hard work it was, too", he 
says. “We used to say in 
Doncaster that if you wanted a 
job there was always the 
railways and the pits. Not any 
more you can't It's dying. I 
fed sorry for t'youngsters”. 

Not only was there the 
announcement of coming cuts 
at the plant — half the 3,100 
workforce is affected, railroad- 
ed. ironically enough, by engi- 
neering skills which make 
better engines and coaches 
elsewhere and therefore need 
less maintenance - but also 
the news of 2.000 more jobs 
disappearing in the South 
Yorkshire coalfield, with an 
estimated 250 bearing directly 
on Doncaster. 

Cyril Stoney, director of 
Doncaster Council for Volun- 
tary Service, says: “There's an 
apathy among people: It’s just 
another blow, coming after the 
miners' strike. People gel tired 
of picking themselves up off 
the floor. We have to encour- 
age them to adapt their hob- 
bies and latent skills to other 
forms of work". 

The town., virtually solid in 
its support for the 
mineworkers, still suffers, 
from the aftermath of the 
strike. It has been left with a 
bad image. Doncaster may be 
on the railway line and five 
minutes' drive from the Al« 
but new industries are not 
beating their way to the town 
to exploit its good communi- 
cations. its stagnating reser- 
voir of skills or the abundance 
of development land. 

Brian Day, the Amalgamat- 
ed EngjneeriiK Union district 
secretary, is frank enough to 
admit what others feel but are 
reluctant to articulate it *Tm 
not criticizing the miners' 
strike", he says, “but the 

developments despite the 
skills we have". 

• The apathy doesn't show in 
people's demeanour but is' 
revealed in their conversa- 
tions and their private lives. 
“Let’s face it", says Cyril 
Stoney, “their cultural back- 
ground is one of working hard 
and playing hard. Lack of 
work has brought bitterness 
and wrangling into the 

Doncaster has 21 per cent 
unemployment. Among the' 
young people there are 2,600 

media have left the impres- 
sion in the public's mind of a 
town of pickets throwing .mis- 
siles. It’s rubbish, but it 
doesn't help us to bring m new 

on the dole with another 2,800 
on Youth Training Schemes 
(YTS), a quarter of them 
employed by the town's La-' 
bo ur-dominated council The 
local careers office stands back 
from Thorne Road, a thor- 
oughfare to one of the most 
deprived communities in the 
country, where unemploy- 
ment approaches 50 per cent 
The other week Mike 
Eastwood, principal careers 
officer, sent his 50 staff out on 
“Job Search ’86", canvassing 
700 local firms for vacancies. 
They found 1 1 new jobs and 
47 offers of YTS places. Not 
encouraging, but his optimism 
is undaunted. Of the 5,000 
school-leavers last year, 10 per 
cent got jobs, 33 per cent 
returned to further education 
and 48 per cent bad YTS 
places, half of them leading to 
regular employment. 
Eastwood, a Coventry man, 
has to remain an optimist but 
confesses to “bad days when 2 
see Doncaster becoming a 
ghost town". 

T hree years ago the coal 
board was taking on 300 
new apprentices each 
year. Now there is none. The 
impact of the British Rail 
Engineering announcement 
was felt in the careers office. 
“It didn't help morale, but I'm 
immensely proud of my staff", 
says Eastwood. “They really 
do care about finding work for 
these youngsters and in the 
end we may win" 

A recent massive increase in 
bus fares — in some cases as 
much as 30 per cent - is 
expected to reduce even fur- 
ther the number of people 
coming in. from the outskirts 
to enjoy the. town's facilities 
and do their shopping. A 
young woman stands in the 
high street one of several 
collecting signatures for a 
petition for concessionary 
fares for the unemployed and 
unwaged, her placard impro- 
vised from cardboard taped 
across a squash racket not 
itself a symbol of 
-The town's, shops, are also 
casualti e s Of the miners’ strike 
and continual redundancies: 

- T-?*~ I 

'Waflof attrition: a rosy past fllustratedi* the station subway does nothing to disguise a Weak future 

There's talk of an estimated 
£200,000 a week — equivalent 
to nearly the price of a. packet 
of cigarettes or . a pint of beer 
per head of the town's adult 
population - being lost by 
retailers. ■ ... 

Mr Garnett Thompson, re- 
tail chairman of the town's 
chamber of commerce, says 
the coming redundancies at 
the plant are “catastrophic" 
for Doncaster trade. .“We’ve 
never really recovered from 
the strike -and now there's 
this", he says. 

People who once milled 

about the covered pedestrian 
concourse of the shopping 
centre have thinned out- In 
the adjoining streets shops 
dose- and reopen on the 
proceeds of someone invest- 
ing their redundancy money. 

N ot all are suffering the 
same fate as their pre- 
decessors: evanescent 
entrepreneurs unable to make 
ends meet through the lack of 
cash in people's pockets. 

Garnett Thompson's por- 
trait of “an air of gloom" 
doesn’t appear to be reflected 

throughout the supermarkets 
and the shops. Their owners 
and managers talk of a fall-off 
in sales, but cash registers can 
be seen being kept busy. 

' The days when.-. Frank 
Cressweil ~ remembered the , 
market “filled with 
railway men and engineers and 
their families" have dearly 
gone. Moie than 2.000 loco- 
motives were built at the 
plant, started in: the 1860s. 
before the last one rah out of 
the sheds -in 1957 and it was 
reduced to repairing and 
maintaining carriages and 

wagons. - Now that, too, is on 
the -wane. 

The'walte of the public btdf 
next to the main hotel in the 
high street are filled with 
paintings and pictures of loco- 
motives, ancient and modenfc 
The room vibrates -with the 
cocophairy coming from the 

K -box. It woultfbe fitting to 
the combative strains of 
Peggy Seger singing “l want to 
be. an engineer", but it's !a 
gloomy plarein - which to have 
a drink. The fights, like the 
town's tradition, have been 
turned down low. - 

* * 

— : C- - 


t . 

r ~- 

Advertisements are expected to conform to rules and standards laid * : ' 
fl. down by the Advertising Standards Authority Most do. The few that 
don’t we’d like you to write in about. 

And if you’d like a copy of these rules for press, poster and cinema 

[advertisements, please send for our booklet.^ free. - 

Hie Advertising Standards Autho rity. 

We’re heretoputit right.! 

ASA LtcLDept C,BroQkHquse.Tonmgipri Place.London WCiE 7^N. : 


ymbol and realism down south 


O®. a to®? 1 television programme three 
eminent historians were asked if they placed 
■ ' jPV. professional confidence in historical 

- fiction; three blinkered gentlemen replied, 
with varying degrees of conviction, in the 
negative. Leaving aside the feet that all 
historical writing is necessarily a form of 
fiction (although conventional academic his- 

V *ory is unfairly hampered by its narrow 
. - methodology L they had no understanding of 
* to mid* that Carkis FuenteTcmce 
restated in an interview: “Many things history 
does not see ~ are perhaps seen by novelists. 
There are things only Dostoevsky sees. You do 
not find them in history books.” 

And ihere are also things that only Carlos 
Fuentes sees. He is the great interpreter of 
Uun American culture in general and 
Mexican history in particular, that he has 

- transmitted these interpretations through 
fiction is testimony to the feet that he sees any 
proper examination of. history to be rooted as 
much in myth as in verifiable “evidence”, that 
the past is not so much an object of scientific 

. study as the identity we carry around with us 
everywhere. So although his The Death of 
Anemio Cruz was in part concerned with the 
betrayal of the Mexican .Revolution, and 
; ? although Terra Nostra employed a pe r spective 
of many . hundreds of years, both novels 

the historical novelist is primarily involved in 
understanding the present. 
n The eponymous hero of The Old Gringo:is 
Ambrose Bierce, .the American journalist and 
novelist who in 1913, at the age of 70, crossed 
the border into Mexico during the revolution 
led by Pancho Villa r- perhaps the forerunner . 
of those Americans who have seen Mexico a$. 


Peter Ackroyd unpeels onion layers of a novel 
by a master of Latin American myth- making 

j «*>. 



By Carlos Fnentes 

Translated by Margaret Sayers Feden 
Andre Deutsch, £8.95 

whose frontier they can flee. Nothing is known 
of Bierce's own journey, and available 
biographies only suggest that “he was pre- 
sumed to have died in the following year.” His 
death remains “a mystery”. Now. Fuentes has 
reconstructed that mystery and in the process, 
has constructed an allegory in wtneb the 
history of Mexico, the events of the Revolu- 
tion, mid the life of Ambrose Bierce are seen as 
elements of some larger destiny. 

T he picture of die “old gringo” here is 
subtly based upon the historical figure 
of Bierce, however. As a journalist he 
was the Tbersites of the Hearst press; 
as a short-story writer be had something of the 
doomed vision of Edgar Allen Poe. Now he re- 
emerges in The Old Gringo at the end of a mis- 
erable life, emaciated, shrivelled, blown like a 

copy of DonQuixole, with its message that the 
world will not be tamed by even the most im- 
perious or heroic vision; he is white-haired, 
blues-eyed, and he is dressed in black as if the 
man of La Mancha has been twinned with the 
conventional figure of Death. 

" In Mexico be meets another American, 
Harriet "Winslow, who has been hired by a rich 
family of landowners as a governess; the 

Grand passion of 
a troubled land 

* The once fat cow of 
women's fiction has become a 
fairly tubercular beast. Having 
milked the cream. Virago now 
publishes the curds and whey, 
while less respectable houses 
continue to churn out novel 
after novel concerned with 
adultery committed in North 
tendon against the kitchen 
sink. In this minute world, 
plumbers are probably as fed 
up - and perhaps as difficult 
to find — as readers: Which is 
why 1 commend Carolyn 
Slaughter’s latest novel. 

Restrained, considering 
what political and emotional 
issues it stirs up, and often 
beautifully written. The Inno- 
cents tackles a much larger 
canvas than the author ad- 
dressed in middle-class novels 
such as The Banquet or A 
Perfect Woman. 

Set against the smouldering 
South African landscape,' h is 
the tale of three children who 
grew up together on a large 
arm. “ft never occurred tq 
them that they were anything 
other than equal” Until, that 
is, m adulthood, Hannah's 
colour takes on the implica- 
tions of Blind Pugh's Bfack 
Spot- But by then, she and the 
white Dawie havelovetL, * 
.‘Their story of frustrated 
passion and barely suppressed 
violence is mirrored in the 
story of the whole land and 
told in words that arejricked, 
like 'Hannah’s, “with the care 
and precision of a hand reach- 
ing into broken glass.” Miss 
Slaughter is perbapswroog to 
visit so assiduously -'the sins of 
the parents on the children, 
but generally she avoids the 
Obvious. The result is topical 
without being transient, and . 
very moving. 

An oppressive regime also . 
lours over Rdnaldo Arenas’s 
sprawling novel Before his 
expulsion in 1980. the .Cuban 
authorities twice confiscated 
his manuscript. Rewritten 
from memory, ’ the present 
yersion is the relentlessly sen- 
sitive dialogue between a 
once-revolutionary poet and 
his disillusioned wife. 

-’ Apart from the feet that it 
takes place during a week’s 
holiday by the sea, there is no 
sanative and little direction. 
Not so much a stream as an 
estuary of consciousness. 
Farewell To The Sea requires 
a very dexterous navigator 
indeed to ford waters dis- 
turbed' by frenetic fantasies- • 
and febrile memories. 
’'Jonathan Gaihorne- 
Hardy’s first novel for some 
time, is -as readable as it is 
preposterous. A seedy, bank- 
rupt script-writer fells for an 
English girt in Herculaneum. 
No sooner is he struck by her 
ffenkly sensual beauty than he 
has the wheeze of paying off 
his debts by di gg in g for buried 
Roman treasure. Descending, 
info the smothered city, the 
two of them also excavate the . 
troth about themselves. 

- ' Gaiborne-Hardy is not al- 
lergic to the adjective. He is 

As. he stumbled through a 
hopeless defence of the Bay of 
Pigs fiasco at the United 
Nations, Adlai Stevenson de- 
clared that Castro had ~tir- 
cumcised the freedom of the 
Catholics of Cuba”. Looking 
Up sharply, an Israel diplomat 
next to Conor Curise O'Brien 
remarked. “1 always knewttat 
we should be blamed for tins, 
sooner or later.” It was a wry 
commentary on the paranoia 
of a race whose history has 
tiecn one of unexampled per- 
secution and whose state is 
permanently unde 1- siege- : 

In this long chronological 
account -O’Brien ayes to 
evolution' of Israel from ns 
Zionist origins to 
Nineteenth ; Ctamry. to as 
present . embattled , position. . 


:«w>rV ofr- j-tdtmrutptHW . 


; Shakespeare . 

- By Carolyn Slaughter 
liking, £9.95 
By Rdnaldo Arenas 

Viking . £12-95 

By Jonathan 

l Tarnish Hamilton, £9,95 

j By Max Davidson * 

'■ ■ Heinemann. £9.95- 

also teen for us to know how 1 
much research he has done on , 
volcanoes, drills, and fright 
numbers to Italy. Once under- 
ground, the central characters 
do change, but not in a way the 
author intends. like figures in 
the dark, with torches beneath 
their feces, they become 
ghoulish, unconvincing cari- 
catures. Nor is responsibility 
accepted for the apparently 
important issues that 
Gaihorne-Hardy unearths 
along the way. The finale, 
hurried and ridiculous, 
smacks of someone trying to 
drown his kittens- 
Returning to London, Max 
Davidson's third novel con- 
firms him as an assured 
chronicler of male-dominated 
bastions like Westminster, 
Fleet Street, and the Foreign 
Office. In to kingdom of the 
middle-aged fogey — whpse 
capital is Parsons Green — 

Davidson is a court jester, 
one who alro subscribes to the 
values he knocks. It means, of 
course. Ire has to write under a 
pseudonym, and it perhaps 
explains to concern of all his 
characters - . with nicknames 
(the Wolf, Beef Wellington 
Blue, Hugger Mugger). . 

■ Hugger Mugger charts what 
happens when . oh-so-very- 
dever people tumble into (and 
become humanized by) $itu& 
lions of contemptible cliche. 
Tony, a potential Foreign 
Office heavyweight and a man 
who likes to win his argu- 
ments, has hq affair with his 
deliciously common secretary. 
Meanwhile; his wife, whose 
“feminist antennae were only 
averagely attuned to the evils 
of a male-dominated world”, 
fells plaionically for his di- 
vorced close mend. (“They 
talked about books, the last 
refuge of to middle dass in 
love.”) The outcome is 
starched with cynical wisdom 
and observations as crisp as a 
pleat. Particularly blush-mak- 
ing was the description of 
Tony on the tube, “avoiding 
the eyes of the old woman 
standing beside him whose 
decrepitude -so obviously 
qualified her for his seat.” 

A solemn 

of disguise 

Irving Wardle 

family have fled, and Harriet Winslow 
remains to accompany the soldiers of the 
Revolution in their incendiary progress. But 
she and the “old gringo” are united by die feet 
that they are aliens here: “He wondered 
whether this was ail they bad in common, wars 
between ‘brothers', wars against ‘savages', 
wars against the weak and foreign.” There was 
once a novel that contained the message that 
you cannot go home again; the theme of The 
Old Gringo is that you cannot leave home with 
impunity, that there are some frontiers that 
cannot be crossed. 

But this is perhaps too trite a formulation 
for a novel that is established upon to 
cadences of a mysterious lyricism. The mood 
is elegiac, si nee the poetry is one ofloss and de- 
cay, and yet to most notable aspect of this 
novel is its narrative style. It is as if Carlos Fu- 
entes bad taken the strange history of Ambrose 
Bierce and then meditated upon it, letting it 
take its own shape and its own deviations, 
allowing the various possibilities of the story 
to emerge freely. So to narrative proceeds by 
indirection — it inches forward while at the 

reflections and observations. And Fuentes has 
borrowed from the cinema (a medium in 
which be has always taken a close interest) a 
polyphonic style, so that different voices 
overlap and merge within the same scene. 

So of course it would be appropriate to place 
this novel, along with the rest of Fuentes's 
work, in what we may now call the “tradition” 
of Latin American fiction — some of to most 

notable exponents of which are Marquez, 
Cortazar, and Borges. Fuentes himself has 
described this tradition as one of “symbolic 
realism” (a better term than “magical 
realism”, which suggests Paracelsus rather 
than Peru), and it is a fiction remarkable both 
for its richness of texture and its catholicity of 
myth. It is often supposed to be a blending of 
European surrealism (and even modernism) 
with the lush Rousseau-like foliage of its 
native environment. 

B ut essentially it represents a subver- 
sion of European culture, a “return of 
to repressed” by a colonized people 
and not dissimilar in spirit to recent 
Indian or Australian fiction. No doubt Fuentes 
would also see it in this context. There is a 
photograph of him at the age of six: it was tak- 
en in Washington, but it shows him decked in 
full Mexican regalia, complete with sombrero. 
And a similar pressure of national identity, a 
kind of spiritual possession, marks The Old 

There are one or two flaws, however, that 
spring from the novel's particular obsessive- 
ness of tone. The insistent beat of the prose can 
become monotonous (passages read like 
Wilde's SalomF) and to elegiac speculations 
can on occasions be almost overpoweringly 
abstract. There are times when The Old Gringo 

not enough interest on the surface to distract 
the troubled attention of the reader. But, even 
so, this book represents one more stage in 
Fuentes's recreation of his own nation; and it 
is little short of miraculous that he can 
transform the novel into an instrument of 
historical analysis, while at to same time 
retaining his fundamental power as a teller of 

With that title and that author 
yon open to book expecting 
250 pages of rerebtioa, and 

suffer a corresponding let- 
down experienced by all over- 
awed readers with the 
exception of Moses. On Acting 
does not deliver the sacred 
testimony of a great artist 
harvesting to lessons of a 
lifetime. But why should ft? 
Olivier has done his- work. 
Why should be he required to 
memorialize it as well? 

“I have always been an 
actor,** be rays, *wbo moulds 
characteristics to hide my 
personality”: and, as he has 
already shown in Confessions 
of an Actor , i he has some 
difficulty m playing himself. 
This-sequel shows him uneasi- 
ly trying on masks for a 
character he might plausibly 
present as Laurence Olivier: 
the plain man, the exultant 
star, the bumble student, to 
elder statesman, trumpeting 
his achievement at one mo- 
ment, shrivelling into mock- 
modesty (“Lear— didn't seem 
in do too badly**) the next: and 
heaping superlatives on 
Shakespeare before dismiss- 
ing Antony as a “twerp” and 
Lear as a “stupid oM fart”. 
Narrative meanwhile rambles 
through the performance chro- 
nology, generalizing where you 
long for specifics, and repeat- 
edly departing from to stated 
theme to speculate on the 
theatrical past or relate old 
stories better told elsewhere. 

One of these is the story of 
Tyrone Guthrie's advice that 
he should learn to “hive” 
Shaw's Sergius — a character 
he had previously despised. 
This story earns its- place as ft 
is the starting point for a series 
of ilium mating Aygwiplug ami 
statements, leading to the 

Means Test 1934 lithograph by James Boswell in The Artist as Reporter, by Paul Hogarth 
(Gordon Fraser, £25), a study of the work of the scribblers, from Goya and Hogarth to ton- 
descendants today, who captured history in their sketchbooks. Boswell was art director 
of a mnltinational oO company by day; by night a reporter of poverty and injustice. Here the 

cafly a humourless craft”, 
which strikes me as a professed 
insight. Flashes, of that order 
crop up with increasing fre- 
quency once he gets into his 
stride: as where fee contrasts 
Strindberg, who has “so sub- 
text”, with Ibsen, “who has a 
sub-text of pore fifth”; or 
recreates to processes by 
which he arrived at a voice for 
Richard HI and a month for 
Shylock. The chapter on film- 
ing Shakespeare — perhaps 
because ft escapes from setf- 
portraitnre into technical de- 
scription — is . exhUaratingly 
informative and addressed 
straight from the professional 
master to the interested read- 
er. As for old stories, the one 
about Ralph Richardson driw- 
en by a fit of professional 
jealousy to hold (he author 
upside down over a hotel 
balcony was new to me. 

The time could not be riper or 
more right for a new study of 
Rossini He has made consid- 
erable progress since Shaw 
dismissed him as “one of the 
greatest masters of claptrap 
tot ever lived.” GBS*s mas- 
tery of dapirap on certain 
matters musical was impres- 
sive. Much of tot progress 
has come in the last few years, 
not least because of the cham- 
pionship of Pesaro, the small 
seaside town on the Adriatic 
where Rossini was born.' 

There was brought back to 
life again one of the most 
vocally brilliant of grand op- 
eras. the' work that Rossini 
wrote for the coronation of 
Charles X of France, II viaggio 
a Reims. Paris has put on 
Moise and Le Siege de 
Corinihe — a reworking of 
Maometto Secondo. excellent- 
ly recorded by Philips. And 
even Covent Garden, not 
exactly noted for its interest in 
the Rossini repertory and 
guilty of a dreadful imported 
production of La donna del 
logo, managed three perfor- 
mances of Semiramiae this 
spring, albeit in conceit per- 
formance. Add in the new 
critical edition of his worts, 
and it is clear that Rossini is 

Maestro of 
rich life 
and works 

John Higgins 


By Richard Osborne 

Dent. £14.95 

much in fashion. And that is 
his right and proper place. 

Now, and not before time, 
he has been awarded a slot in 
Dent's Master Musicians se- 
ries with a most scrupulous 
and scholarly text by Richard 
Osborne, even if it .is not “the 
first study in English for fifty 
years” that the publishers 
claim. The ISAM, books have 
become a little fetter and 
grander since the immediate 
postwar years, but the formula 
remains to same: a few 
chapters of biography, and 
then a glide into an assessment 
of to works. Mr Osborne does 
not deviate from the formula. 

Rossini’s life was long and 

Woe to them that are at ease in Zion 

Piers Brendon 

The Saga of Israel 
and Zionism 
By Conor Cruise O'Brien 

Weidenfeld & Nicolson. £20 

modelled on Edmund 
Wilson’s To the Finland Sta- 
tion . If his first claim is over- 
modest. his second is by no 
means overblown, for this is 
anoiitsianiiingbodk. . 

jt will, probably please no 
one. The incisive description' 
of Zionism is certainly not 
calm fated re endear .O’Brien 

to its devotees: He depictsit as 
a form of secularized Messia- 
nism whose object was to 
establish a Jewish state into 
Biblical homeland, if neces- 
sary by force or fraud. 

Nor do to British come 
well out of his story. O'Brien 
does not Mink at the. unpleas- 
ant fact that to Balfour 
Declaration was inspired by 
anti-Semitism as well as by 
real poll iik In Europe to Brit- 
ish authorities spread to. 
word tot “The Allies are 
gjvingthe land of Israel to to 
people of Israel”, but in 
Palestine. thw would not even 
permit to Declaration to be 
published. Between 1918 .and 
to termination of the man- 

date, British policy fluctuated 
in the face of harsh conflicting 
pressures — from Jews desper- 
ate to escape Hitler mid from 
Arabs willing to resort lo 
violence to keep them out of 
Palestine. In 1939 to Colo- 
nial Office proposed to house 
illegal Jewish immigrants in 
concentration camps. 

The Arabs will not thank 
_ O’Brien for representing Pain 
. estinian nationalism as a fran- 
tic response to Zionism, or for 
demonstrating with such 
deadly clarity how to PLO 
has become a pawn in to 
unscrupulous game of Middle 
Eastern power politics. The 
United States will not rejoice 
to hear how often the Ameri- 

can dog is wagged by the 
Jewish tail. The Israelis will 
resent the way jn which their 
laager mentality is portrayed. 
O'Brien feces the ugly realities 
of Jewish, terrorism. 

Finally, few will welcome 
O’Brien'&cbnclusion, which is 
that Israel cannot be other 
than what she is. Security is 
her raison d'itre, she can allow 
nothing to jeopardize it; and 
exchanging territory for peace 
is impractical- Jerusalem is 
the heart of to Jewish-state 
and cannot be sacrificed. All 
that can be hoped for is a de 
facto peace on existing terms. 
But Use siege will . go on 

. So 03nen tarns out to be a 



with a subscription to 

rich in every aspect, from 
what he wrote through whom , 
he met (and even married) ! 
down to what he ate. Where 
would we be without to 
toumedos? Gonorrhoea rav- 
aged his middle and old age, 
and the catheters be had to 
endure might have seen off a 
less robust man. Perhaps ft 
was iU-heaJth tot made him 
give up writing operas after 
Guillaume Tell when he was 
only 37 and had half bis life 
still before him. But it did not 
prevent him from picking up 
other people’s mistresses. 

On to operas themselves 
Richard' Osborne presents a 
guide tot is as just as it is up- 
to-date. Who else, he rightly 
asks, showed such command 
of three totally different forms 
of opera, the buffo, the i 
semiseria and the ser/d? Rossi- i 
ni may have set some weak 
libretti and he was • never | 
blessed with a Boilo or a 
Hofmannsthal, but he also ] 
had some strong ones, among 
them Guillaume Tell based on | 
Schiller. With the bicentary of ' 
the birth in Pesaro only six ! 
yeans away, someone should ! 
be' thinking now of apples and | 
arrows. i 

Panglossian pessimist. All is 
for the. worst in the worst of all 
possible, worlds, and every- 
tiaing is as it is because nothing 
can be any different Perhaps 
he is just being realistic. 

Or perhaps he is revealing — 
not' his bias, for this is an 
exceptionally fair-minded 
book — but his standpoint 
Essentially he views the siege 
from the inside. Moreover, his 
assertion that to status quo is 
inevitable is also a denial that 
even limited Palestinian aspi- 
rations are realizable. In that 
case, surely, O’Brien is not 
being pessimistic enough. For 
if Auschwitz was a vindication 
of Zion ism. a permanent Jew- 
• ish monopoly of the Promised ( 
Land threatens to world with ; 
a nuclear holocaust I 




Mr Since this time fast year, each issue of Penguin Grama has 
been read by mom people than any other literary or political magazine 
in Britain. Since this time last year, each issue has sold out Since this 
time last year, every issue has been reprinted. Why? 

Mr Because of what Penguin Gmta published: 



Anita Brookner, William Boyd. John Berger. 


urn- Germaine Greer on women and power, Milan Kundera on die “ 

failureof Europe, Gunter Grass on resistance. 2 


oc war The popcorn and peanut-butter world of the scientists of Star J 
-a Wars, the truth behind the sinking of the Befaam. and 'They': the 1 
eotifassive interviews with the ^ry individuals who ‘stole’ the Polish > 
P government after the war. ^ 


“ Mr Doris Lessing, Saul Bellow, David Hare, war photographer o 
* Don McCutTin. Janes Fenton looting the US Embassy in Saigon, and o_ 
2 the-first publication of Graham-Greene's journals from the thirties: z. 
§ WhiteWaiting far a War*. - £ 


- mf~ Hanif Kureishi (author of 'My Beautiful Laundrette') on Ns 
first visit to Pakistan, Joseph Letyveld on fee buses with the Warts in 
South Africa Redmond O'Hanfon in the jungles of Borneo, and- 
published this month-a special Granta commission: 

Mr James Fenton in the Philippines, on one of the most 
historic uprisings in recent years— in which an entire people, 
cheated of its vote in a snap election, responded in turn with a 

mt Each issue of Penguin Grants is now bought by over 45.000 
people. It is the most widely read serious magazine in Britain because 
it fife a need: a need fora publication that's prepared to publish writing 
not simply because it's topical or newsworthy, but because it's good. 
A publication (more like a book, perhaps, than a magazine) that you'd 
want to keep, put on your shelf, and return to. 

■r- Fteaseentw mvsutEnbtoninG^si^ntrotooivraKrf 
only £10. a saving of C9.TO off to same issues bou^tr in the sbopSu I wte 
receivsa vafr’ssBteeriftiDndJajissu^^ 
book-plus the current issue free. 

mr GRANTAS GUARANTEE: As an htnxiuao^SiitHcriber, 
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received one issue w five. 


City Postcode 

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one year ID 01 □ two years (E19) □ three yeais (£2B) □ 

I mild also Be a copy of Jaws Femon’s The Fail of Sagan': t£3 SSI D 

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10-6 daily mdil 18 June 

113-119 Charing Cron Bond 
London WXL2 





Leading suhstiy book publsbei seeks manu- 
scripts of all types fiction . nca-tictwn. poetry, 
juvenile setidlirty and relws works etc Ne* 
authors *<H corned Send kv tree booklet KM. 
Vantage Pins 516 W 34tti St.. New Yak. X.Y 

ILHU () 
UTt l.iflTabU 

Contemporary Anglo-Indian writing: 
Muik Ra| Anand. Nissim Ezekiel Tim 
Poptt-Smrth in 'Passages id inoia’. 
Hwner Godden, Chartea AMen, 
H.RJ Keating and Geoffrey 
Moorttouse on aspects ot India. Pius 
Michael Hotroyd. l*or Cutter. Wendy 
Cope. Sir Micftarf Hbroem, Gavtn 

Ewart and many more . . . 


1 8p 
ice of it 

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>fit was 
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VEST- : 

-he six , . 
e divi- °* 
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ids — 

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•n was ''86 

) and 

SsiarfSAE lariUpn w awma 
n»Fffi»*oeraM» wss 

wna naans to- 

Now a whiff of integration 

Ronald Butt 


The losing 
of Monkton I strat- 

Ever since the first Unionist 
protests against the Hillsborough 
agreement six months ago, the 
government has appeared likely to 
offer a political concession to buy 
off the outrage. Some outline of its 
thinking can now be seen. 

Sales talk from Mrs Thatcher 
and Tom King, the Northern 

George Brock analyses the change in 
government thinking on Ulster 

English Heritage, it now seems, 
came tantaJisingly dose to saving 
Monkton. Edward James's eccen- 
tric. surrealist house in Sussex, the 
contents of which come up for 
auction on Monday. Custodians 
of the £60 m tUion-a-year-quango 
privately agreed in April to put 
aside a “substantial sum" towards 
buying the £1.5 mfllior) building. 
But the last-minute commitment, 
worth about £750,000. was not 
enough to tempt a Getty-style 
benefactor to match the award, 
and the National Heritage Me- 
morial Fund, which coughed up 
for the Bernini bust, did not 
consider the house a priority. 
Francis Gosling, of English Her- 
itage, defends its tardy response by 
saying that only this spring did the 
trustees agree to make a job lot of 
the house and its contents, includ- 
ing a sofa in the image of Mae 
West's lips and James's bed — a 
replica of Napoleon's hearse. “I 
think the dismantling and selling 
of this house will come to be seen 
as a tragedy, 7 ' says Gosling. But 
Gavin Stamp, chairman of the 
Thirties Society, which has raised 
£7.000 to save the house, says 
English Heritage has been 

Long shot 

Russia's relentlessly tedious 6 pm 
TV news programme, Vremya, 
which slavishly toes the party line, 
is about to be revamped. Updated 
graphics and stylish news pres- 
entation will be the order of the 
day. I trust the new professional- 
ism will not deprive Soviet view- 
ers of such resounding clangers as 
the American invasion of Spain in 
1983. When the US marines 
landed on the Caribbean island of 
Grenada, the Moscow researchers 
confused it with Granada in 
southern Spain, and produced a 
map with the Americans homing 
in mom the Mediterranean. 

• On June 9, in Podding Lane, the 
Master of the Warshipfal Com- 
pany of Bakers will formally 
apologize to the Lord Mayor of 
London for burning down his city 
m 1666 — just 320 years late. 

Light relief 

Four MPs and a peer who have 
volunteered to write short stories 
in Woman's Own are cteariy not 
afraid of wearing their literary 
talents on their sleeves. Roy 
Hattereley plans to wow the ladies 
whh a heart-rending tale of an 
arranged marriage between an 
Indian girl living in Britain and a 
young man back home. Joe Ash- 
ton, rather less adventurously, has 
chosen to describe a worldn^dass 
childhood, while Julian Cntchley 
will offer a torrid tale of un- 
requited love. Yellow Moon over 
Anatolia, written in “sub-Somer- 
set-Maugham style” and set 
aboard a cruise liner. Austin 
Mitchell promises us a "very 
meaningful” story. Lord Willis, 
who wrote the scripts for Dixon of 
Dock Green, is keeping quiet 
about his opus. 


*1 can't claim much in life but I'm 
me of the few people to have beard 
John Carlisle speak in pnbik' 

Heaven’s above 

Dr Michael Ramsey, the former 
Archbishop of Canterbury, may 
find himself with a new hobby 
when, as I mentioned on Tuesday, 
be moves into Bishopthorpe with 
John Habgood, the Archbishop of 
York. Habgood has been so bitten 
by the kite-flying bug that he is 
opening a kite festival on York 
racecourse this Saturday. His tutor 
turns out to be the artist George 
Bruce, who took him for a kite- 
flying session last year as a break 
from painting his portrait (un- 
veiled today at the Mall Galleries 
in London). It was Bruce who 
introduced Ramsey to his 
favourite hobby, painting, by buy- 
ing him bis first box of water 
colours. He is beginning to think 
clerics are easily led. 

Late stop 

Yet more suggestions for the 
proper form ofwords to describe 
the closure of an innings by a 
batsman who dies at the crease. 
Wisden, let me remind you, 
recorded such an incident in 1942 
as “29 not out,” a formulation 
which I questioned on Tuesday. 
Several readers have suggested 
dbw (dead before wicketX which 
has the merit of accuracy. From 
Sevenoaks comes the idea “de- 
clared dead,” from Oxford “in- 
nings dosed. 29,” from north 
London “kicked wicket," from 
Farnham "caught St Peter," and 
from Dford “slumped.” Any fur- 
ther deliveries should be pitched 
in promptly before I declare the 
inning* closed. 


egy. Cheater cooperation and 
consultation with Dublin would 
be balanced by a renewed search 
for a devolved provincial govern- 
ment shared between Unionist 
and nationalist politicians. 

The second of these two tracks 
soon vanished. By January, Mrs 
Thatcher was sounding impatient 
with talk of devolution. Unionist 
reaction apart, she was irritated by 
the unwillingness of John Hume, 
of the nationalist SDLP, to think 
in practical terms about devolu- 
tionary schemes until Unionist 
protest bad been quelled. King has 
now confirmed that the Assembly, 
designed as a devolution vehicle 
but now operating as a Unionist 
anti-agreement soapbox, will not 
last long. 

This is a major shift British 
governments. Labour and Conser- 
vative, have made power-sharing 
a principal plank of strategy since 
Stormont was prorogued in 1972; 

it has been promoted under a 
bewildering variety of labels, but 
they all represented essentially the 
same idea. Now the baric aim of 
British policy for the province is 
again up for debate. 

Official Unionists have been 
divided for years over what they 
want from London. Until recently 
the party has been divisible into 
devolutionist and “integration! si” 
wings, the latter supporting the 
incorporation of Northern Ireland 
into the United Kingdom on the 
same basis as Wales or Scotland. 
Hillsborough has increased the 
Unionists’ sense of isolation and 
vulnerability, and that has been a 
catalyst for rethinking. 

Integration is now beginning to 
carry the day, at least inside the 
Official Unionist party; the Rev 
Ian Paisley’s Democratic Union- 
ists have never had much time for 
the idea. Moderate Unionist poli- 
ticians, seeing hopes of devolution 
receding, are looking fora straight- 
forward campaign theme which 
would channel protest in a direc- 
tion which could not then be 
written off as purely destructive. 

James Molyneaux, the OUP 
leader, has a recurrent motif in his 

current speeches and statements 
about how British governments 
cannot deny Ulster “equality” of 
treatment, and has even taken to 
quoting Labour party spokesmen 
to this effect 

Noises from the Northern Ire- 
land Office suggest that its min- 
isters are waiting on events: there 
is the summer marching season to 
be survived first and toe Unionist 
parties have to dear up what they 
want before talking of any value 
can take place. But they are 
already leaning towards some 
gentle mtegrationist moves. 

The key elements of what the 
government may eventually pro-- 
pose are that such moves can be 
made compatible with the exis- 
tence and operation of the 
Hillsbrough agreement -and that 
they do not lock governments into 
either “full” integration or irrevo- 
cably close off other options, such 
as devolution, should the pros- 
pects improve. (This is not to say 
that any such moves will be 
popular with Dublin). Complete 
integration is anyway beyond the 
range of political possibility; apart 
from destroying HQlrimrough and 
initiating a Seely upsurge of 

t e rro rism , its fullest version would 
involve mainland political parties 
organizing inside Northern Ire- 
land — hardly likely now orm the 
foreseeable future. 

. -But there are steps well short of 
this which might satisfy the 
government's aim of persuading 
the Unionists to live alongside the 
agreement and those Unionist 
politicians who do not want the 
initiative inside their own .com- 
munity to pass to those who want 
to bring down the agreement by 
action on the streets. Legislation 
covering Northern Ireland is cur- 
rently subject to minimal scrutiny 
in Parham ent and there are a 
variety of constitutional mecha- 
nisms which the govern men t 
could lise to upgrade monitoring 
and amendment by the province’s 
MPs and bring the practice closer 
to that covering Wales and Scot- 

Further down the road would lie 
enhanced local government pow- 
ers, but considering the past 
history of local councils, and the 
chaos at the moment, this would 
be very much more controversial. 
The government fans an opportu- 
nity to thus amend direct rule 
when Parliament renews it at the 
end of June, but any action may 
well have to wad u ntil the 

Rosemary Righter on the shambles that has proved Thatcher right 


for the 


A three-week meeting of Unesco's 
governing executive board — the 
hirst since Britain left the organiza- 
tion last December — has convin- 
cingly vindicated Mrs Thatcher's 
decision to withdraw. Britain had 
contended that Unesco's political 
bias, the irrelevant and scatter- 
shot nature of its programmes, its 
management and financial irres- 
ponsibility had reached a point at 
which it ceased to be a vehicle for 
international co-operation in 
education, science and culture. On 
all these counts, the crisis at 
Unesco has deepened. 

The significance of the board 
meeting is that no government is 
now prepared to make a serious 
effort to prevent Unesco's decline 
or to restrain its director-general. 
Amadou Mahtar M’Bow. There 
was none of the soul-searching an 
outsider might expect in a body 
freed, after the departure of 
Britain, the United States and 
Singapore, with the loss of 30 per 
rent of its revenue. The remaining 
Western governments are united 
only in their conviction that 
reform is hopeless while M’Bow 
remains in office. But the meeting 
was a watershed of a still more 
disturbing kind: for the first time, 
Unesco member governments 
went beyond mere weakness to 
sanctioning the illegal 
Unesco's external auditor, who 
happens to be the British Auditor 
General Sir Gordon Downey, was 
dismissed on M* Bow’s recom- 
mendation in dear contravention 
of Unesco's regulations, under 
which only the general conference 
of all Unesco's 1 59 member states 
could terminate the contract- 
western governments, who had 
insisted beforehand that this was a 
cardinal principle on which there 
could be no compromise, ac- 

In a sorry display of division 
and demoralization, they also 
failed explicitly to challenge 
M 1 Bow’s decision to discriminate 
against British and American 
members of Unesco's staff, con- 

trary to the rules governing the 
international civil service. And, in 
an organization where the use of 
patronage has been a major con- 
cern, they allowed M’Bow to ride 
roughshod over the rules which 
require him to consult govern- 
ments over senior appointments, 
resulting in a reshuffle which 
places his most loyal henchmen in 
the top posts. 

The staff question goes to the 
heart both of the Unesco malaise 
and of its prospects for eventual 
recovery. Morale at its Paris 
headquarters is at an all-time low. 
It took a strike to force M’Bow to 
concede staff participation in the 
process of shrinking foe number of 
established posts by some 570 as a 
result of budget cuts. Because 
Unesco turned out to have 370 
posts vacant — and because more 
than 200 of its best staff promptly 
took advantage of a redundancy 
package — very few people will 
actually have to be fired. The 
criteria on which people were to be 
retained were clear, emphasizing 
efficiency, qualifications, length of 
contract and length of service; 
nationality was not to be a 

M’Bow has reversed these. He 
has placed American and British 
staff on “temporary assignment”, 
expiring next month. The board's 
failure to challenge that decision 
leaves him. in Unesco’s estima- 
tion, free to sack them. 

Activity in Unesoo has almost 
come to halt as a result of 
uncertainty among foe staff and 
foe wholesale reshuffling of man- 
agers and administrative units. Its 
field programmes last year - 
which should have beat un- 

affected by budget cuts because 
they are financed from elsewhere 
in the United Nations - were 25 
per cent underspent. M* Bow’s 
Illegal derision to stop the 
appointment of American or Brit- 
ish consultants 'for field .pro- 
grammes is .thought to' be a 
contributory factor, along with the 
inexperience of many new admin- 

The fear privately voiced by 
diplomats from the West and 
some Third World countries & 
that by the time M*Bow’s second 
term of office expires at foe end of 
next year, Unesco will be beyond 
saving. Yet at the board meeting, 
even foe most general discussion 
on the succession was ruled out of 
order in an exchange in which 
Canada and Japan were shouted 
down by M'Bow’s African' suppr. 
ortere. M’Bow is thought to want a 
third six-year term, and now he 
has a chance of winning: the board 
nominates the director-general 
and for the past three weeks he has 
proved that he can muster a 

Of the three most urgent issues 
confronting Unesco's member 
governments — reasserting policy 
control drawing up a strategy for 
foe post-M'Bow era, and ensuring 
bis departure — there is no sign of 
leadership. All are prerequisites 
for foe return of Britain and foe 
US, something it is by no means 
evident that M’Bow and his 
African supporters even desire. 
M’Bow had papers drafted both 
on foe external auditor and on 
Britain's application for observer 
facilities which diplomats inter- 
preted as a declaration of war 
rather than a fust step towards 

conciliation, and these were 
backed up by an aggressive resolu- 
tion by African board members. 

The paralysis of the West at 
Unesco is bat illustrated by the 
unanimity of governments’ con- 
viction that M’Bow must go, and 
their inability to combine to say 
so. The Nonlies have tokl him 
they will not support him, but the 
influential Geneva Group, com- 
posed of the democracies which 
together pay more than 70 per cent 
of the UN's funding, is divided. 

Struck by the alacrity with 
which M'Bow, a Senegalese, 
brushes aside all criticism with 
counter-charges of racism, the 
Geneva Groupdecided last year to 
get round the problem by inform- 
ing all beads of UN agencies that it 
would not support anybody for 
more than two tenns.Franris 
Blanchard of the International 
Labour Office and other highly- 
respected UN agency heads have 
been notified. But at Unesco, at 
foe behest of Italy, Switzerland 
and several other governments, 
the formal letter to M'Bow is being 
held bade. M’Bow is well aware of 
foe original derision and thus has 
clear evidence of the West’s lack of 

In the longterm, foe most likely 
prospect is that alternatives to 
Unesco will be given increasing 
attention as the hopes for its 
recovery weaken, and as more 
countries leave, as they will if 
M'Bow is re-elected. In the short 
term, many of those within 
Unesco who criticized Britain's 
withdrawal at the time now be- 
lieve that reform is a hopeless 
cause and that Britain simply - 
recognized foe obvious. 


“I have never seen U so good" is 
foe standard line from Lord 
Carrington, the Nato secretary 
general, George Shultz, foe US 
Secretary of Stale, and Caspar 
Weinberger, the Defence Sec- 
retary, as they leave Nato council 
meetings wreathed in smiles. “The 
alliance is in good shape.” 

Bui Carrington and Weinberger 
were unusually short on hyperbole 
after last week's meeting of Nato 
defence ministers in Brussels, and 
neither Carrington nor Shultz is 
likely to be in ebullient mood after 
foe council meeting starting today 
at Halifax. Nova Scotia. 

Normally foe cracks are papered 
over effectively. But European- 
American differences of policy 
and perception — over Star Wars, 
Libya and terrorism, more re- 
cently over foe request to foe US 
to produce modern chemical 
weapons for Nato — have piled up 

The nerve gas question was 
settled — Washington has the go- 
ahead for production, with Nor- 
way, Denmark and Holland 
expressing reservations — but ter- 
rorism and arms control are high 
on the Halifax agenda. 

On both issues Nato officials 
acknowledge differences among 
foe_ 16 allies, arguing that the 
divisions are about the means to 
an end, not foe end itself But even 
Britain, unquestionably the Nato 
ally closest to Washington, is 
showing some behind-che^ccnes 
irritation with the American ap- 
proach, not least their exaggerated 
fears of terrorism in Europe. 

Before last week’s defence 
ministers* meeting on chemical 
warfare, the Europeans — above 
| all the British — made it dear that 
there were other, more appro- 
priate forums for discussion of 
inter national terrorism. Wein- 
berger none foe less insisted on 
bringing h up. “The trouble with 
foe Amen cans," cme Euro Dean 

Frederick Bonnart and Richard Owen 
examine the strains besetting Nato 

Crisis— or just 

official confided this week, “is that 
they use the fight against terrorism 
as a substitute for foreign policy.” 
On arms control the Europeans 
will be uneasy with Washington's 
threat to abandon Salt II. 

Anti-American demonstrations 
in Europe are not necessarily a 
reliable indicator of true popular 
opinion: neither, are instant opin- 
ion polls taken in the heat of the 
moment. But there is no denying a 
fundamental resentment among 
Europeans — leaders and led — at 
what they see as high-handed US 
action pushing them along an 
unwanted, uncharted path. 

This revives the old cliches 
about US dominance of the 
alliance, its crude, cowboy ap- 
proach and misuse of Nato to 
advance its own national interests. 
The US reaction to all this has 
been simmering away beneath the 
surface and could raise tempers at 

Some of the most senior Ameri- 
can personalities in Nato — 
staunch upholders of foe alli- 
ance — privately express their 
anxieties about possible congres- 
sional initiatives. “I know foe 
Congress,” rate of them said 
recently. “It can do a 180 degree 
turn overnight.” The first Nunn 
amendment, recommending with- 
drawal of some American troops 
from Europe if foe Europeans fail 
to. exert themselves, is far from 
being ancient hkrnm . ... 

The sad fact is that much of all 
this is based on emotionalism, 
false assumptions, fundamental 
misconceptions and abysmal ig- 
norance. Americans find It diffi- 
cult to realize that there is no such 
thing as “Europe”, except in the 
geographical sense. Partly because 
of Ireland's membership, the EEC 
cannot have a proper security 
policy, and the Western European 
Union — foe only European or- 
ganization competent to deal with 
defence — remains a powerless 
talking shop, despite well meant 
efforts to revive it. 

EEC foreign ministers, meeting 
in rapid succession during foe 
Libyan crisis, came up with dip- 
lomatic sanctions but foowedfoat 
foe Europeans, if they are to find a 
united position, must choose the 
lowest common denominator. 
Americans fail to distinguish be- 
tween European governments, 
which act, and opposition parties, 
which criticize. The significance of 
protest groups is over-rated. 

Similarly, people in Europe 
cannot understand - foe frustra- 
tions of a great power which 
appears unable to defend itself 
against repeated and blatant at- 
tacks on its nationals, property 
and dignity by contemptible small 
groups or equally contemptible- 
small nations. They fail toappre- 
date the deep wound left by 
Vietnam and . foe need to com- 


These, relatively speaking, are 
minor differences. TTie question 
Halifax must face is: would Nato. 
fall apart faced with a real threat? 
Nato officials say that plans have 
been carefully revised over foe 
years, the measures practised and 
systems worked out to ensure a 
smooth and rapid response to any 
crisis. Thousands of possible 
scenarios have been examined and 
measures devised to meet all likel y 
emergency situations. 

There is nothing like real danger 
to produce intense concentration 
on esse nt ials. But there is also the 
reality of things. The resistance to 
foe deployment of American me- 
dium-range missiles in Europe 
was . said to have caused an 
enormous upheaval in the alli- 
ance. Yet. in spile of much sound 
and fury, they have been d&- 
ployed. And government after 
government which approved them 
has had its action endorsed by its 
electoralel The recent re-election 
of foe Dutch government, by a 
people said to have been the 
strongest - opponents, provides 
conclusive evidence. 

As for Star Wan, ft fa no longer 
the British alone who are taking 
part in joint research. Despite 
their ■ political reservations, the 
West Germans have signed on, 
deftly passing foe issue to the 
economics ministry rather than 
defence. France and Italy too are 
encouraging their industries to 
join , in American projects. 

The foreign ministers «m fain* 
comfort from foe fact that western 
divisions are open and therefore 
soluble where Warsaw Pact ten- 
sions are hidden, they may 
conclude that Nato dissension is 
less serious and less permanent 
than it appears. But after the 
shocks . of the last few months, 
vision’, -and . Carrington -style 
statesmanship, are to re- 

■* ■* ■ i,' ^r-r -rase 

Mrs Thatcher has been dropping 
broad hints that she is unlikely to 
call an election before the summer 
of 1988. She is right to be thinking 
in these terms and to let thepubhc 
know her thoughts. Once it be- 
came generally expected that the 
election would be next summer or 
. autumn, we would be plunged into 

a pre-election atmosphere with 

every issue being e xamined by foe 
. government and the media m 
terms of its immediate impact on 
the voters. Ministers would be- 
come obsessed with the short run 
while officials would be quick to 
point out the difficulty of doing 
this or that in foe remaining time. 

With no more than 12 or 14 
months to tom the tide which has 
iK yn r unning against foe Conser? 
vatiyes for the past year, the 
government would quickly .be 
taken for a lame duck and Tory 
confidence of victory could 
quickly ebb away. Of course, .eves 
if foe target date was sonre time in 
1987 foe Prime Minister could 
stiD put the election- off should 
that seem sensibte Qust as she can 
now advance the election: to 1987 
if things dramatically improve). 
But to seem to put off foe election 
at foe lam moment would make 
foe worst of both worlds. Mrs 
Thatcher would have . dem- 
onstrated a sudden fear of facing 
the voters (as James Callaghan 
did) without faaviiu; given the 
government foe confidence it will 
now have from knowing it still has 
another two years in office. 

On the most pessimistic Tory 
view, this respite at foe very feast 
allows more ~ time for the 
government’s achievements to 
fa Iff root, tnakfng jt that much 
harder for a Labour government 
to undo what hasfreen done with 
popular su ppor t — anti-inflation 
financial discipline, increased pri- 
vate ownership, more individual . 
responsibility and trade muon 
reform. There will also be more 
time for the public to reach a 
judgment on the balance of power 
in foe Labour. Party between 
moderates and leftists, and for foe 
policies of all foe opposition 
parties to be probed. 

The extra time will also help 
those who will be foe leading 
members of the government after 
tire election — should foe Conser- 
vatives win — to become better 
known by the public, establishing 
foe new list of Cabinet seniority 
from which Mrs Thatcheris, 
successor -will be chosen, almost: 
certainly some time in the next 
parliament whether the Tories win 
or lose. Apart from the two. peers, 
Whitdaw and Hailsham, and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, there is nobody in . 
a senior post now who held high 
office in Mr Thatcher's early 

There are also important policy 
questions to be settled. Just as the 
old “wets” have gone from the 

K raiment (and are fast going 
Parliament) so the argu- 
ments over public spending take a 
new form. It fa no longer a 
question whether spending should 
be cut or taxation raised but 
whether, in a changed economic 
situation, spending should be 
raised or taxation lowered — or 
some of each. 

Above all after the tactical 
mistakes of recent months, the 
government needs time to fashion 

afresh response to public anxteties 
which are very different from 
those which were dominant in the 
1979 and 1982 election cam- 
- paigns Nett time, the Tories win 
-■ face two different enemies in two 
di fferent types of constituency - v 
.Labour in the inner urban and 
industrial areas, espedaiiy in foe 
north, and the Alliance in the 
suburban or rural seats which foe 
Tories have hitherto taken for 

S eed. Both enemies*, however, 
a their fire at foe same topics 
on . which foe Torres fare most 
public criticism. 

The pnbfic fa not at Odds with 
most or what the ao m umen t has 
done; foe anti-inflation jpoficy is 
appreciated and there is general 
. support for privatization and foe 
commoasense policy on trade 
union few and strikes. The criti- 
cism focuses lather on. what foe 
. government has not done: on its 
failure to ensure that hospital 
wards do rax dose,, drat schools % 
are kqff to a decent standard that 
essential welfare services tee not 
nm down- and, of course, an 
. unemployment. 

* The criticism aroused by Lord 
Young's remark that the 87 per 
cent who are working have never 
had it so good {frustrates' very well 
the way some ministers fail to 
understand the political problem. 

So far as everyday standards are 
-concerned, foe statement fa true. 

! Bat for foe 13 per cent out at work 
it is not true; nor is it truefor those 
in or out of work who need 
hospital treatment am! cannot get 
ft or whose children are in pom 
schools. Nor, of course, is it true 
for. those important opinion - 
formers, foe academics, who have 
turned heavily against foe Tories. 

The government is not helped 
by foe rhetoric of those of its best 
friends who often seem to trans- 
mute foe valid and valuable idea 
of the market into the kind of 
; blind and i ns e n si ti ve dogmatism 
of which socialists are rightly 
accused. Indeed, they, sometimes 
seem intent on reducing a good 
idea to absurdity for the dramatic 
satisfaction of seeing foe govern- 
ment go down in the ideological 
flames of a good cause. 

. If we could wave a wand and 
produce a different health and 
education system, mostly private 
but government-insured, and a 
welfare system geared to real need 
and avoiding bureaucratic or 
eccentric waste, foal would be 
firm. Bat foe wand is not available 
and, as thiags are, the. great 
majority rd/ on public services 
- and would snfl ha ve to do so if the 
number using private health care 
. and education doubted. The argu- 
-tnent now is no longer about 
Spending fix demand manage- 
ment but for keeping services in 
good shape. 

That is one reason why foe 87 
per cent in employment are not as 
content as theoretically they 
should be. The other reason is that 
there ts more altruism in voting 
than fa commonly supposed. The 
shift to Labour of so many middle- 
class people in J964 in foe (vain) 
search Of a fairer society, even in 
matters feat did not affect them- 
selves, could be repeated. Today, 
a gain there fa an altruist vote and 
much of frfa going to the Alliance. 
The government fa likely to need 
two years in which to win it back. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

I’m only here for 
the peer group 

Recently I have been stayingin foe 
same bouse as someone who is in 
the last throes of revising for her A 
level Sociology exam, and it has 
swiftly been borne in upon me that 
what is needed is a succinct cheat 
sheet to sociology terms that can 
be cut out and taken discreetly 
into the examination room. Here, 
then, rt Is. 

Brednhm aHenatioo: A gradual 
conviction on the pan of a 
German playwright that every 
Kurt Weill tune sounds like every - 
other Kurt Weill - tune, and a 
consequent determination to find 
another co-composer. 

Sarfrean alienation: A tendency, 
on the pan of a French philos- 
opher, to get fed up with' the ideas 
of Simone de Beauvoir. 
Structuralism: A tendency, on the 
pan of other French philosophers,; 
to get fed up with Sartre's ideas, 
and to replace them whh some- 
thing more up' to date and 

Post-strnclmaKam: The analysis 
and division of one's post into 
different categories such as per- 
sonal letters, postcards, bills, junk 
raafl and letters for foepeople next 

Displacement activftyrTakmg let- 
ters for .foe people nextdoor, next 

Retrogression: Forwarding letters 
for people who used to live here. ■ 
Embourgeoaejaeufc Home iro- 
rovements indulged in by the 
better-off kind of sociology 

Group: A small sub-section of 
society which adopts Its own rules, 
changes traditions, writes its own 
material, and generally has bass, 
drums, keyboards and a couple of 
saxophones. They usually seiL 
their own records at gigs. If they 
don't sell enough, the. lead singer 
tends to split off and join up with - 
another group (see Amoeba). 
Sob-cnltare; The theory -which - 
says that if you put 40 or 50 quite- 
different-people inioa submarine; ■ j 
they will, automatically divide 
themselves^ imp a-- hierarchy 

eo rapriri^ - ; 

on. According to Marxist prin- 
ciples, foe oppressed, but more 
numerous ratings will finally take 
foe sub into their own hands and 
head for foe nearest port in search 
of booze and women. . . 
Co Hnte r-cnhBre: Another theory 
which states that if yon put two 
girls behind a shop counter, they 
win spend all day discussing what 
they are going to do that evening, 
ignoring jthe customers. 
C om m an al society: A kind of 
primitive, pre-metropolitan soci- 
ety, simple in structure and- usu- 
ally situated in Samoa. Greenland 
'or foe Andaman Islands. 'If. con- 
sists of a sociological observer, his 
"research assistant, a housekeeper 
arid a small tribe for him to 

Roland Barthes and the Struc- 
turalists: A group who had some 
minor hits in foe 1970s, thanks to 
four incomprehensible- lyrics. 
Signifiance, signification, signifi- 
cance, rigni fra ii o a, ■ etc .French 

Blade A term used by ‘sociologists 
to describe such ethnic groupings 
as West Indians, Pakistanis, Ar- 
abs, Sri Lankans etc; probably 
because none of them has any- 
thing in. common with any of foe 
test of them, and very few of them 

Alternative comedy: Something 
you can try when you are fed up 
whh comedy.. 

Peer group approval: A successful 
appeal to foe House of Lords. 

Leri Strauss: A kind . qf frarri- 
wearing, no-nonsense, intellectual 
denim range of designer jeans, also 
known as French wranglers. 

Sexist: Any theory which tends to 
explain th in gs in terms of men is 
cteledsexfat. If it explains things in 
terms of women, it is merely called 

43am rock: Pop music from South 

Semiotics:' The' 1 theory that. any 
symbol can be given arty-meaning 
mid stiff make / perfectly - good 
sense. That's 'the theory, mprac- . 
tjcc,.o f course, you only .get marks. 
forfoe.oztes tire exam fmrhnnnpiw 

i - 


! Ur*-, 


i % * j 

J *C 


c ou: 



J Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


University grants in real terms 

; By threatening to end Ameri- 
can compliance with the SaJt-2 
. , treaty "on arms control, Presi- 
dent Reagan has come close to 
taking one of the most 
: j controversial decisions of his 
six years in the White House. 
How for it will affect the 
. . political relationship between 
, : the superpowers remains to be 
seen. But its impact upon the 
-r Western alliance could be 
-s serious. 

It is not the first time that 
: tbeTtesident has issued such a 
. .warning. He was among.those 
. - who opposed the treaty when 
it was signed in. 1979 and he 
.. spoke vigorously against it on 
his way to the White House, 

-- describing it as - “fatally 
flawed.” Last June, he -an- 
. nounced that the United States 
■' would continue to abide by its 
. terms despite continuing Rus- 
; sian violations. But it sounded 

■ :* like a close-run tiling. 

What, then, is new? More 
recently, there was a very reaT 
/ possibility that the US Navy 
would breach the treaty when 
l: the seventh Trident missile 
, - submarine came into service. 

.'The President has once more 
^avoided this by agreeing to 
scrap two elderly Poseidon- 
‘ -' boats, thus keeping within the' 
Salt-2 limit of 1,200 multiple- 
: .warhead missiles at sea. Now 
” he has said that unless the 
Soviet violations stop, the US 
-_Ai r Force will break Salt-2 
. later this year by continuing to 

■ equip its fleet of B-52s with - 
cruise missiles, beyond the 

• ^ 130-bomber limit permitted, 
j: Will he back down again? 

> -Complaints about Soviet 
r. violations of the Salt-J and.. 

: ' Salt-2 treaties began before the 
ink was dry and have oontis- 
' ued ever since. At least seven 
-dear breaches of Sah-2 were 
"listed two nonths ago by the / 
,.US Arms Control and 

■ Disarmament Agency 
. (ACDA). these Tanged from 
.dashes over the number of., 
'nuclear delivery vehicles to 

accusations over tlte produc- 
tion rate 'of the.'Backfire - 

bomber. But. the two viola- 
tions which most concern 
Washington are the. deploy- 
ment of the SS-25 mobile 
missile and the use of code to 
transmit data from their ballis- 
tic missiles — which inhibits 
unilateral monitoring by the 
Americans, as permitted under 
Salt-2 verification measures. 

, The Russians deny all the 
charges.. The SS-25 which, by 
following the SS-24 into ser- 
vice, breaches the limit of one 
new missile system, is — they 
say — no more than a replace- 
ment forthe ageing SS-1 3. Not 
so, repUes Washington, since it 
is more than five per cent 
different from the older modeL 
As for the encryption of their 
missile telemetry, the Russians 
have taken advantage of some 
inadequate drafting in Salt-2 
arid have protested their inno- 
cence. Moreoever, they add, 
they have actually taken more 
weapons out of service than 
have the Americans in order to 
comply with treaty limit s. 

But the weapons whidi have 
been removed by the Soviets 
tend to be old and outdated — 
even more so than the Po- 
seidon submarines. Moreover, 
it is hard to see them reversing 
their policies to the extent of 
allaying American suspicions. 
They could go some way 
towards doing so by ending the 
encryption of their missile 
telemetry. But would they 
consider withdrawing the SS- 
25 when it is already being 
introduced, into service? The 
conclusion must be that Sait-2 
— the last bilateral nudear 
weapons treaty signed by the 
superpower? 'under the series 
of negotiations -, initiated by 
Henry Kissinger in' 1969 — 
looks like coming to an ig- 
nominious end. 

How much does that mat- 
ter? There are, after all, other 
constraints which win prevent 
either superpower from invest- 
ing inan infinite . stockpile of 
overkilt Sah-2 did little or 
nothing to lessen the mutual 
mistrust between Moscow and 

. a 


1 izroi? 

: ' The convention that politics 
stops at the water's edgp was 
easy to observe when British, 
politicians stayed at home. It is 
less respected in an age when 
' political leaders spend much 
: - of their time, in and out of 
government, gallivanting 
; : around the globe. 

• In different ways, Mr 
’ ; Kinnock in India and Mr 
; Healey in the Soviet Union 

have demonstrated just how 

* for the convention has been 
„ . eroded. Mr Kinnock’s criti- 

- dsm ofthe Prime Minister as a 
“camp-follower" of Preside n t 
Reagan had the acrid, smell of 
the hustings .about it And Mr 
Healey's assurance that if the 
British government rejected 

• Mr Gorbachov’s absurdly one- 

- sided arms control offer, then 
the Labour patty would make 
an agreement based upon it 
injected party politics directly 
into Anglo-Soviet diplomatic 

: - bargaining. 

; * An objection .in the past to 
’ \ partisan attacks abroad was 
: that a politician who had been 

attacked could not answer 
back' since he might not even 
. - know of the attack. That no 
longer holds. He is, indeed, 

: "2 likely to be asked for his 

* comments via satellite that 
. . very night. 

Strict observance of the 
convention, then, is unrealistic 
*-_■ m a world made much smaller 
I.' by modern communicattons. 

Cornish tin mines 

From Mr Ray Roddan 
Sr. Much capital has been m- 
vested recently m Cornish mines 
to help with further 
modernisation and it is _ this 

- - - programme which has been mter- 

' rupied by the collapse of the 
international Tin Council. Much 
is -made of the- feet that c onsum p- 
-: *■ lion of tin has declined recen|*y 
--- but nevertheless it is still a .healthy 

- 1 63.800 tonnes a year. Given the 
■ " drop in the price. this is likely to 

remain or even to increase 

- - ' Some of the older mines . m 

Brazil and Bolivia are nearing 
exhaustion and, together _ with 

. sdme of the Asetrn {.Association of 

South-east Asian Nations) and 
African mines will be unlikely to 
survive the new low pnee regime. 

- “ ■■ If the current development pro- 

- gramme can be completed tte 
Cornish mines *«! have a «mn 
cost which will -nate t *^ m 

z: 1 competitive hi these conditions. 
l ■ If a league table 
-.'drawn up based upon 
production the Asean. 
and African mines twouJd be at foe 
■V. Mglxosi end and ttefazflo" 


ir : be in the lower half pf the aigth* 

Washington. Indeed, it would 
seem to have bred mistrust 
itself confirming the worst 
suspicions about signing arms 
control agreements which are 
seen by one side to be less than 
satisfactory. Negotiations over 
a successor to Salt-2 are 
continuing at Geneva — 
admittedly without conspicu- 
ous success. And it is also true 
that one ride should not be 
allowed to violate the pro- 
visions of a bilateral treaty and 
get away with it 

Should not Salt-2, an ill- 
starred agreement from the 
beginning, now be laid to rest? 
The Soviets do not seem, 
unduly worried about that 
prospect The reaction by Tass 
to the American announce- 
ment was comparatively mild 

There ., is a counter 
aiguement that the United 
States, for all its long-standing 
grievance over Russian viola- 
tions, should wait until a new 
treaty is at least in sight before 
openly abandoning the old 
one. President Reagan also 
takes the risk that, by aban- 
doning Salt-2, he will confirm 
the cartoon view of himself as 
a belligerent cowboy within 
Nato. But have Soviet viola- 
tions so upset the strategic 
balance that such action is 
called for? Might not the 
losses, of which heightened 
tensions within Nato would be 
the heaviest, be greater than 
the gain? 

There are six months to go 
before die White House ul- 
timatum expires. It would be 
ideal if both superpowers 
could find common ground 
before this date arrives. But 
the principal onus for achiev- 
ing this rests upon the Soviets 
whose treaty violations are at 
the root of the present prob- 
lem. If in the end President 
Reagan does not get the con- 
cessions from Moscow that 
would enable him to .continue, 
observing - Salt-2, the -Nato 
allies must know' where the 
place the principal blame. 

Toe amoun 

All nations are better informed 
about the political controver- 
sies; of their neighbours. They 
will want a visiting s t a t es m an 
to address them frankly on 
issues of interest, and they will 
feel insulted if he lakes refuge 
in inoffensive bromides and 
non-partisan homilies. The In- - 
dian audience addressed by 
Mr Kinnock, for instance, 
would scarcely have accepted 
an answer from him on 
Britain's immigration laws 
that did not candidly discuss 
differences between the major 
parties — though whether the 
British voters who overheard 
him will welcome an immigra- 
tion policy that implies more 
immigrants is another matter. 

Still more to the point, 
political issues no longer stop 
at the water’s edge. Recent 
years have seen tiro develop- 
ment of what are, in effect, 
transnational political issues. 
Privatization is pioneered in 
one country and copied (or 
cited as an awful warning) in 
others. Issues like the NATO - 
decision to deploy medium- 
range missiles in Western Eu- 
rope are plainly controversial 
across national boundaries. 

When a politician associated 
with one side of such an 
argument visits another coun- 
try, he will inevitably be 
questioned upon it. His reply 
cannot help being partisan in 
terms of his own domestic 

reach up to and above the cost of 
production in Cornwall. 

The concluding paragraph of 
the select committee's report on 
die tin crisis sums up the way we 
in Cornwall feet 

ft is of supreme importance that the 
Government should begin negotia- 
tions mth the industry on the 
possible types and amounts of aid 
and conclude them without delay. 
We believe that the Cornish Uo 
industry is worth saving. 

Yours faithfully, 

RAY RODDAN (Senior shop 

Transport and General Workers' 

Geevor Tin Mines, pick ■ 

Nineveh. Treweliard, 

Near Pendeen, 



May 27. 

Books in schools 

From the President of the Book- 
sellers Association of Great Britain 
& Ireland 4 

Sir. Your account of - the HMis . 
annual report (May 22) makes 
depressing reading. May I high- 
light one aspect obviously dose to 
-the interests of this association, 
but nonetheless vital in a much 
wider way? . . ' . 

I refer to the detCTioranon .of 
book provision mentioned in the 
report. /The: Booksellers Associ-. 

politics. But the alternative is 
to say nothing at afl. 

If the convention cannot be 
sustained m its strictest form, 
however, that does not mean it 
should be abandoned al- 
together. Foreigners, unused to 
the vigorous debating style of 
the. House of Commons, are 
often shocked when they hear 
the abusive style of Commons 
repartee. They are no less 
likely to be embarrassed by the 
importation of British political 
abuse into their own countty 
where it is bound to sound still 
more crude out of context. 
Political differences, when 
ventilated abroad, should be 
expressed candidly — but with 
a prudent level of decorum. 

Even stricter restraint 
should surely be observed 
when the politician is visitraga 
nation which, though not an 
enemy in wartime, nonethe- 
less has a foreign policy 
broadly hostile to this country. 
Mr Healey’s welcome for the 
Soviet proposal that there 
should be “equivalent 
reductions" in the Soviet and 
British nudear forces, is a case 
in point It goes beyond merely 
expressing honest differences 
with political opponents and 
plainly undercuts the British 
government's bargaining 
power. It thus enhances the 
prospects for Soviet diplo- 
macy — precisely the effect 
which the old convention was 
designed to avoid. 

certied for some time about the 
decline of the book stock in 
schools. The report presented to 
our own recent annual conference 
points out that in real terms 
schools and other educational 
institutions are spending less by a 
large margin now than eight years 
ago. and that the decrease between 
1984 and 1985 was probably 42 

The result is not only numeri- 
cally fewer books in schools, but 
sharing of textbooks, 
improverishment of school librar- 
ies, and deterioration in the 
physical condition of the books 
actually in use; 

Obviously, we are concerned as 
a unde. But if is surely right to 
point out that books are a very 
special commodity. Children's 
attitudes to books, their experi- 
ence of books, ibeir assessment of 
the value placed on books by their 
teachers, heavily influence their 
attitude to reading. - 

The present situation most 
suggest to many children that 
books are unimportant, and if that 
is how books are regarded, there is 
direct discouragement to the 
achievement of literacy. 

Yours faithfully. 

JOHN HYAMS, President. 

The Booksellers Association of 
Great Britain and Ireland, . 

154 Buckingham Palace Road. 
SW1. - 

From Professor A. IF. Bradley 
Sir, In his comments on the latest 
cuts in university funding. Sir 
Keith Joseph described the 
University Grants Committee's 
decisions as a landmark in the 
history of higher education. Even 
if they cons tit ute a landmark of a 
kind, they do not deserve to be 
. clouded with an instant mythol- 
ogy which has nothing whatsoever 
to do with reality. 

It must be pointed out with as 
much emphasis as speech can 
command that the UGCs de- 
risions discriminating between 
universities were not rased upon 
any assessment of the quality of 
teaching. in different universities, 
in different faculties or in different 
departments. For -all that the 
Government and the UGC know, 
the universities which win suffer 
most as a result of the decisions 
may be the universities in which 
the highest standards of teaching 
are maintained. 

In its recent decision-making 
process, the UGC was concerned 
neither with the quality of a 
university’s teaching, nor with the 
quality of a university’s students. 

It may have been concerned with 
the comparative costs of under- 
graduate education, which is a 
totally different matter. 

The UGC was instead con- 
cerned with the extent and quality 
of research. This was a controver- 
sial and difficult exercise that 
may, exoept in a few very dear 
cases, have been attempting the 
impossible. But I believe that this 
exercise will be seen to have had a 
relatively marginal effect on the 
outcome in the overall decision on 
each university's finances. These 
derisions have essentially been 
based on a formula-based ap- 
proach to the allocation of re- 
sources, about which for too little 
is known. 

If any of your readers. Sir, 
should believe that the league- 
table of severity in cuts as between 
the universities in Great Britain is 
a direct reflection of an informed 
judgment on the quality of teach- 
ing and research within those 
universities, they are either 
deceiving themselves or have been 
misled by others, 
j Yours faithfully, 


{ 9 Albert Terrace, Edinburgh. 

From Mr D. J. Towers 
Sir, The Government's grants to 
universities, announced today, 
-have created a confusion of statis- 
tics — some figures are in money 
terms, others are in real terms 
. against an estimted change in the 
retail price index, and. further " 
information has been given on the 
inflation index which applies to 

In money terms (a) the grant to 
universities has been increased by 
1 per cent (b) the universities 
which are being made to suffer 
most are having their grants 
reduced by 0.5 per cent (this 
includes Keele University); (c) 

Pollution check 

From Mr T£. Radios 
Sir, In his article about nuclear 
waste (Spectrum, May 20), Thom- 
son Prentice refers to “a Royal 
Commission” which reported 10 
years ago. 

Evidently he is unaware that the 
commissi on is still going strong! It 
is a standing body, whose terms of 
reference are “to advise on mat- 
ters. both national and inter- 
national, concerning the pollution 
of the environment; on the ade- 
quacy of research in this field; and 
the future possibilities of danger to 
the environment”. 

Since the report mentioned (the 
sixth), the commission has pro- 
duced five more, covering be- 
tween them a wide range of 
pollution problems, such as those 

Lawyers’ fees 

From Mr Peter J. Butler 
Sir, The letter from the Chairman 
of the Criminal Bar Association 
1 (May 23) concerning rights of 
audience and lawyers' fees is 
! superficially persuasive onJy. 

The feet that solicitors m pri- 
vate practice may command 
higher fees than barristers for 
conducting prosecutions in the 
magistrates' court is no justifica- 
tion for denying solicitors in the 
Crown Prosecution Service rights 
of audience before the crown 

So fer as costs in criminal cases 
are concerned, the solution would 
be solicitors and barristers to 
enjoy exactly the same rights of 
audience, and for advocates in the 
magistrates' court to be paid fees 
according to one and not two 

Chasing the money 

From Mr David Herrington 
Sir. It is commonplace for busi- 
nesses to be late in paying their 
debts. This is a desperate problem 
for small businesses owed money: 
they are particularly vulnerable to 
shortage of cash, they have little 
leverage in persuading large cus- 
tomers to pay- and it is often the 
principal of the firm himself who 
must chase the debt. 

In larger firms, too. late pay- 
ment is inefficient, in that un- 
productive time is spent in 
chasing die money, and unproduc- 
tive tune is spent resisting the 
chaser (usually with lies). 

The Government has at last 
addressed itself to the problem — 
but with a “code of practice". How 
a code of practice will have any 
effect on companies already pre- 
pared to break binding contracts is 
hard to see. 

And yet there is a remedy to 
hand, which would cost nothingto 
administer, would not interfere in 
the terms of trade between compa- 
nies. and would even raise a little 
tlw VAljanila. 

Warwick University, which is 
having the largest increase in 
grant, is having its grant increased 
by 4 per cent. 

The expected change in the 
retail price index over the next 
year is 3 per cent and this ties up 
with the Government's statement 
that grants to universities are 
being reduced by 2 per cent in real 
terms — Le^ a 3 per cent inflation 
rate with a 1 per cent increase in 
grant m money terms gives a 2 per 
cent reduction in grants in real 

However, university costs are 
expected to increase at a greater 
rate than the retail price index— as 
70 per cent of the costs of 
universities are labour costs, the 
rate of increase in pay to employ- 
ees is much nearer to the increase 
in exists than the retail price index. 
The rate of increase in university 
costs is expected to be about 5.25 
per cent 

If tite index of increase in 
university costs is used (rather 
than the RPI) the actual cut to 
universities is 4.25 per cent, and 
even the most favourably treated 
university is having a cut of 1.25 
per cent in real terms. The most 
haishly treated universities Hike 
Keele) are having a cut of 5.75 per 
cent in real terms. 

I wonder how many other 
public bodies are having their 
statistics manipulated in this way 
— I understand that health service 
costs increase at a greater rale than 
i nflati on and that these costs eat 
up “growth” money. 

The feet remains that all univer- 
sities are having a cut in their 
grant in reed terms, and the 
averag; cut of 4.25 per cent is 
more than twice the cut reported 
by the Government. 

Yours fiathftilly, 


230 Church Plantation, 

Keele, Staffordshire. 

May 21. 

From the Master of Downing 
College, Cambridge 
Sir, Your Education Correspon- 
dent referred on your front page 
(May 21) to the “radical new 
review of university teaching (my 
italics) and research”. We are 
hearing the same phrase else- 

I want to persuade your readers 
there has not yet been a proper 
review of university teaching. 
While no one would deny that 
teaching is enriched by research, it 
is generally agreed that many, 
other important fitetori — even the 
satisfaction of die graduates from 
courses — would have to be taken 
inror consideration in .these mat- 

Certainly it should not be 
implied that the recent tabulation 
of UGC grant adjustments repre- 
sents a review of teaching quality. 
Yours faithfully, 


The Master’s Lodge, 

Downing College, 


associated with agriculture, oil 
spills, lead, straw burning. “Euro- 
beacbes”, long-range air pollution, 
waste disposal and recycling. 

Its current activities include 
studies of fresh water quality and 
the release of genetically en- 
gineered organisms to the 

Whilst specific studies are in 
progress, the commission mon- 
itors developments across the field 
of environmental pollution gen- 
erally, including the follow-up to 
earlier reports. 

Yours faithfully, 

T. E. RAD1CE, 

Secretary to the Royal Commis- 
sion on Environmental Pollution, 
Church House, 

Great Smith Street SW1. 

May 20, 

The statement that “solicitors 
have higher overheads than 
barristers” is a half truth. Lawyers 
who are unconcerned to provide a 
wide range of service and are 
advocates inevitably have lower 
overheads than those lawyers who 
do offer a broad service. 

Given rights of audience before 
the higher courts, in the present 
climate firms of solicitor ad- 
vocates would develop with simi- 
lar overheads to those of 
barristers’ chambers. 

The system needs reform — not 
special pleading to preserve a 

Yours feithfufly. 

P. J. BUTLER (Chairman, 

Young Solicitors Group, 

The Law Society). 

30 Grosvenor Road, 

Wrexham, Clwyd. 

May 23. 

tions so that if you do not pay a a 
invoice according to the terms 
printed on it, you cannot reclaim 
the VAT — ever. 

This would amount to a 15 per 
cent tax on late payment and 
would practically eliminate the 
problem overnight 
Yours faithfully. . 


7 Vale Grove, W3. 

Minding the shop 

From the Reverend G. R. and Dr 
K. M. Curry 

Sir. We may be naive but we are 
intrigued to know where the 
“buck" stops this weekend. Her 
Majesty is in Kentucky, the Prime 
Minister in Israel, the Deputy 
Prime Minister in Russia, the 
Home Secretary is off to New 
York, and even the Leader of the 
Opposition is going abroad! 

Yours sincerely, 



St Stephen's Vicarage, 

Dumber Street 
Elswick. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
-Mav_24— ... . 

A fairer use for 
doctors’ pay rise 

From Professor David C. Anderson 
Sir. Those of us who are enaged in 
a combination of clinical medi- 
cine. student leaching and re- 
search are acutely aware of the 
distorted pressures that currently 
threaten the National Health Ser- 
vice. However much one earns, h 
never seems to be quite enough — 
and so 1 should welcome the 7 per 
cent increase generously judged to 
be my due by the review body on 
doctors' and dentists' pay. Yet if 
such money really is available 1 
think it could be more wisely and 
fairly .spent 

My department's medical sec- 
retaries. for example, have no 
proper career structure and earn 
only £2.20 — £2.86 an hour. They 
are highly experienced people in 
responsible jobs, whose mistakes 
also can kill patients; if they leave 
for better-paid and probably less 
responsible jobs it will be a m^jor 
blow to the service they help to 

Or take the shocking state of the 
hospital's case notes — vital 
documents felling out of ancient 
files that need to be pm into order 
by (also underpaid) medical 
records staff who — so sorry — can 
no longer be afforded. 

I believe that many hospital 
doctors would be willing to forego 
the next pay increase if it meant 
that important jobs in an already 
over-stretched service could hie 
saved, and if vital but neglected 
staff, such as medical secretaries, 
were dealt with generously in- 
stead. What is the point of us 
being very well paid if in the 
process we can no longer provide 
the service to patients for which 
we are trained? 

Yours faithfully, 

University of Manchester, 
Department of Medicine. 

Hope Hospital. 

Eccles Old Road, 

Salford, Greater Manchester. 

May 21. 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Dr D. D. Harkness 
Sir. In your columns of May 13 Mr 
E. Rosensiiel expressed a particu- 
lar area of concern over the 
assumed release of carbon- 14 
from Chernobyl. Would this ac- 
cident prejudice radiocarbon dat- 
ing — the well established and 
ubiquitous method used to chron- pertaining to the past 
S0;000 years of earth history? 

Fortunately such fears may be 
readily allayed. The radiocarbon 
chronology is dependent solely on 
the residual abundance of those 
carbon isotopes which the sample 
incorporated while still alive — 
Le., long before mankind bad a 
significant impart on nature's 

It is noteworthy in this context 
that Chernobyl does not represent 
the first release of artificially 
produced carbon-14 to the earth's 
atmosphere. The nuclear weapons 
test programmes ofthe mid to late 
1950s resulted in a transient 
increase of almost 100 per cent 
relative to the natural, cosmic-ray 
induced, inventory of this radio- 
active isotope of carbon. The 
contribution from Chernobyl is 
likely to prove insignificant by 

Measurements are under way at 
this laboratory to ascertain the 
extent of any detectable enhance- 
ment of carbon-14 in air masses 
passing over south west Scotland 
since May 1. 

Yours faithfully, 


Natural Environment Research 
Council Radiocarbon Laboratory, 
Scottish Universities Research 
and Reactor Centre, 

East Kilbride, Glasgow. 

May 19. 

Tourist boycott 

From A frs Patricia Hurford 
Sir, I have this morning heard that 
a professional course I bad booked 
to attend in Oxford in July has 
been cancelled because one of the 
two Americans running it has 
refused to travel My indignation 
is mixed with disbelief that fear in 
the US has reached this propor- 
tion: enormously deep fears must 
have been triggered off in nor- 
mally ventursesome and coura-' 
geous people when even 
professionals choose to forego 
commitments in Europe. 

On many occasions travelling in 
the USA my husband and I have 
smiled warmly at the phrase often 
used over there in public places: 
“for your safety, comfort, conve- 
nience and protection”. I wonder 
how we can help our American 
friends remind themselves that 
any life lived entirely in ac- 
cordance with seeking safety, com- 
fort, convenience and protection 
would not be worth living; and 
that if they delude themselves that 
these qualities are available in the 
USA and nowhere else, then 
terrorism has already won a battle 
of quite terrifying proportions. 
Yours sincerely, 


Broom House. 

St Bernard's Road, 

St .Albans, 


May 24. 

From A/r Stephen Co/ebrooke 
Sir. Given the current criticism of 
the “unjustified" reluctance of 
American tourists to visit Britain. 

I wonder how many British tour- 
ists have visited Northern Ireland 
or even the comparatively un- 
troubled Republic of Ireland in 
recent years? 

Yours faithfully, 

Greening House. 

Tilford Road. 



.May 24.. ' 


MAY 29, 1824 

King John VI of Portugal 
returned in 1821 to his country 
from Brazil where he had gone 
during the Napoleonic campaigns, 
and undertook to uphold the 
democratic constitution that had 
been setup in his absence. But his 
second son, Miguel, led an 
absolutist insurrection in 1824. 

and the king found himself a 
virtual prisoner. With the help of 
the British and French 
ambassadors he escaped and 
boarded a British man-of-war 
anchored in the River Tagus “a 
cannon shot from the bank." This 

l But 
s left 
p and 
p after 
ig by 
ha 38 
and a 
ue on 
er 45p 

with al 
1 ReU- 

example of gunboat diplomacy 
helped to restore the kings 
authority and order to the capitaL 
Miguel was dismissed from the 
post of Commander- in-Ckief and 
sent abroad but was pardoned by 
his father, "naone wishing to see 
him vexed." 



“Portuguese! — Your King does 
not abandon you. He only seeks to 
deliver you from the terror and 
anxiety which press upon you; to 
re-establish the public tranquillity, 
and to tear the veil which still 
conceals the truth from yon, in the 
certain hope that at his call all his 
loyal nation will unite to support 
the throne, and to put an end to the 
shock of exalted opinions and 
passions, which have produced 
such a fatal anarchy, and men ace d 
the Government with a total 
dissolution. . . 

“On the 30th of April all the 
troops of the capital appeared 
under arms, and my son was seen 
to leave the Royal palace, to place 
himself at their bead; and to order, 
without any authority of mine, the 
arbitrary arrest of an immense 
number of officials of aQ classes, 
invested with the chief powers of 
the state, in whom are comprised 
my own ministers and servants of I 
my household. The palace which I ( 
inhabit was seen surrounded with j 
an aimed force, or rather was : 
transformed into a prison, and all i 
access to the Royal person was 
barred during several hours. Then 
were observed proceedings so vio- ! 
lent that they amounted nearly to 1 
open rebellion, while afl the repre- 
sentatives of the Sovereigns of ' 
Europe thought it their duty to 
protest formally against the viola- 
tion of my Royal authority. j 

“Meanwhile, as I desired, even at 
the price of the greatest sacrifices. < 
to preserve the public tranquillity > 
and the harmony that reigned >, 
among all branches of the Royal 
family, I was pleased to order that 
all judges should be appointed to 1 
proved legally against the accused, ■ 
and to pardon ray son for the 
excesses of jurisdiction that he had 
committed, in the hope that the 
just course of the laws being thus 
established, revolutionary mea- 
sures would cease, and good order 
would gradually reappear. I ob- 
tained nothing of tint which my 
paternal heart desired with anxi- 
ety. On the contrary, the arrests 
continued, as likewise the orders 
issued by my son, and signed for 
the most part by obscure individ- 
uals who have no share in the 

“Determined to put an end to 
this public scandal and finding no 
means of making known my Royal 
will, because I was surrounded by 
the factious persons who deceived 
my son. and who on the 30th of 
April had deprived me of my 
liberty, I formed the resolution to 
avoid a struggle the issue of which 
could not be doubtful considering 
the known fidelity of the Portu- 
guese nations, to go aboard a 
British Iine-of-battle ship, in order 
that I might frankly make known 
to my subjects my situation, and 
call them, if necessary, to my 

“By this proclamation I confirm | 
in the exercise of authority those . 
who are invested with it, so fer as I 
do not order the contrary; and I 

command al) and everyone to show 

the strictest obedience to whatever 
shall be prescribed in my Royal 
name by those who may henceforth 
command you. 

“Subjects of afl classes, observe 
order, and hope from your Sover- 
eign the re-establish meot of public 
tranquillity, of justice and security 

“Given on board the English 
ship, Windsor Castle, in the road- 
stead of the Tagus, May 9, 1824. 
(signed) “THE KING" 

Signs of the times 

From the Rev Michael Langan 
Sir, Mr Raymond Parkin (May 20 
offered a "sign of the times”, 
offer another, drawn from ou 
motorways, those significant sym 
bots of modern life. In sedan; 
signs of “secularization”, or th 
desire of some to restrict our feitl 
to the personal arena, why loo! 
further than the M25 or Ml 
which proudly proclaim “No ser 
vices on motorway^? 

The Mil underlines the poin 
by censoring mention of th 
episcopacy and signs simply “Pf 
Stonford" at its junction with th u 
A 120! 

Yours faithfully. 


Church House, c 

West Street. 

Grays. Essex. 

From Mr Jack Jones 
Sir, Mr Rawson's idea (May 24 
for the general use of a job-titl 
prefix to surnames has perhap 
been anticipated by the Welsh us 
of a similar suffix. Using this, you 
correspondent's examples woul 
become Smith the Money, Evan 
the Hurdles, and Jones the Molet 
Status does not enter into i 
The practice is a necessary aid t 
identification in a land that ha 
produced such numbers of us v«h 
have to sign ourselves, 

Yours faithfully, 


Woodlands Cottage. 

Marvel Lane, 

Newport, Isle of Wight, 

s were 
xi 7p 
ting at 

23 i it 
46+2 rd 

aS » 




590 Mr 

2 hr; 

era ting — , 
interest _ ; 
>fit was * 
/as 781 . 

VEST- — 1 

[he six . 
e divi- 


_ I 



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Today an exhibition called 
New Design for Ok! opens at 
The Boilcrhouse at the Vic- 
toria and Albert It is the 
inspiration and determination 
of one woman who has per- 
suaded, argued, charmed, 
organised aim finally won the 
first round in the battle for all 
of us to enjoy the whole of our 

Helen Hamlyn, who trained 
at the Royal College of Art as a 
designer, was given the where- 
withal to set up a foundation 
by her husband, Paul Hamlyn, 
the publisher, as a 50th birth- 
day present In her words, this 
exhibition, sponsored jointly 
by. the Conran Foundation 
and the Helen Hamlyn Foun- 
dation. furthers the 
foundation's objectives in sev- 
eral ways. These are to encour- 
age creative solutions to 
everyday obstacles, to encour- 
age students and experts alike 
to focus their professional 
talents on such problems, to 
encourage the commercial 

A sense of personal 
identify and dignity 

world to take note of a 
potentially lucrative market, 
and to make the general public 
realise that there are now 
more than 10 minion people 
in the country who are over 

We appear to go through life 
with the blithe assumption 
that nothing will ever happen 
to us. Old age, in acommeicial 
world which worships youth, 
is invisible to a consumer, 
although many people de- 
scribed as “okT refuse to fall 
into the conventional pattern. 

However, at one time or 
other, and it may be very late 

health may not be involved, 
but even in one's prune, it can 
be terribly difficult to get the 
top ofifa jam jar or bottle, and 
with the onset of arthritis this 
is just one more problem of 
everyday life which could be 
made much easier through 
good design. 

«««.., ... .« j Why is it, Mrs Hamlyn asks, 

in life, accidents do happen, that the old may spend the last 
Footholds and handholds are days of their lives in faceless, 
not as steady as they were, tasteless hospital wards, or in 
Failing eyesight and foiling an environment where almost 

life gets easier Helen Hamlyn in the kitchen designed by Roland Gibbard for inAmwAwf firing. Below, 
demonstrating heat-retention screens; and more traditional, a soft but firm wicker chaur 

a model 


everything is very ugly? It is 
important, she reels, that an 
aesthetic environment where 
a sense of personal identity 
and dignity can flourish 
should be preserved. 

Helen Hamlyn has persuad- 
ed 17 internationally known 
designers to look at a number 
of everyday items. These in- 
dude chairs, tables, something 
which will turn keys, a screen 
to maintain warmth in a 
room, a bed, a shower, a safe 
step ladder, a set of cutlery, 
overcoats and dresses, 
coatings which win enable 
keyholes and door handles to 
be seen in the (fork, the 
“Independent -Living 
Kitchen”, and electrical 

Looking at the exhibition, 
the viewer need not be old to 
experience a sense of wonder. 
Why can't a re fr igerator which 
is two-thirds freezer and one- ~ 
third refrigerator be commer- 
cially and universally j 
available? Phillips of Eindho- 
ven put their design team to 
work, and came up with an 
household appliance, which 
also has easy handles to open. 
The door is reversible so that 

New fridges, hobs, 
beds and TVs 

be poa- 
hand or 

One household in seven in the UK 
is inhabited by an old person living alone. 

One million old people have no regular visitors. 

500,000 old people have no living relatives. 

i89,000 old people can’t get in and 
out of bed without help. 

1,056,000 can’t walk unaided. 

For many people in Britain, old age offers little to look forward to. 

The isolation and frailty that it often brings can ail too easily 
become loneliness and despair. 

Yet by funding practical projects throughout the country which 
bring care to the frail, and contact to the isolated, Help the Aged 
is bringing thousands of old people new independence, and a new 
lease of life. 


20,000 old people use a Help the Aged-funded minibus a week. 
Here's what ft means to just one of them: "You hove to he strong inside 
to five alone stuck in a wheelchair an the tap floor of a tower block. 
I didn't get out for weeks on end, but now I have regular trips to look 
forward to. I can choose my own shopping - 1 couldn't before. I'd be lost 
Without it" 

So for we have funded 241 minibuses, and we aim to continue to 
place one on the road every week. 


"After I lost my husband I was on my own for three years before I 
come to the centre. I was so lonely, and I started to wonder if it was 
worth going on. Now I have hosts of friends here, we do all sorts of 
things. Without it l r d just fode away." 

A refoge from loneliness b not the only thing a day centre provides, 
yreir warmtK and hot food are life-savers to thousands of old people. 
And staff and friends can keep a watchful eye over the welfare of their 
guests and direct help where help is needed 

Last year alone, 131 were supported by Help the Aged 


' "Being old isn’t different, just harder", says Community lister Val 
Voak of Sz. Mary Abbots Day Hospital. “ Old people take longer to 
recover than others - time that ordinary hospitals cannot give them. 
Here we aim to bridge the gap between hospital and home with a 
combination of treatments tailored to individual needs so full hospital- 
ization can be avoided. Being able to get up off the floor, for example, 
can make the difference between managing at home - or not" 

Day Hospitals provide much needed support for family carers too. 
Help the Aged has raised binds for 2 day hospitals; more are planned 


Imagine what ft’s like to be afraid to move about m your own home. 

"At about 9pm I dipped and went bang. I just lay there shivering all 
night until, by chance, a neighbour popped by at II the next morning." 

Thousands of old people living alone are at risk from accidental 
injury, illness or intrusion. A Lifeline emergency alarm unit puts help 
instantly on call 24 hours a day. So far Help the Aged has placed over 500 

in the homes of the most vulnerable, and will continue to do so. 

Throughout the UK, Help the Aged is called on to support laterally 
hundreds of other projects, too. And where a practical solution is 
beyond our reach, we’re campaigning for biter pensions, fuel 
allowances, housing - a better deal for old people. . 

To find out more about our work, I 

or if you would Hke to send a donation, \ 1 

please write to Help the Aged, Freepost, T4, 

St. James’s Walk, London ECIB IBD. 

the appliance can 
tioned with a left 
right-hand opening. 

The same amount of 
thought bas gone into the 
halogen hob for the Indepen- 
dent Living Kitchen. The hob 
has heating elements at the 
back only, so there is no 
leaning to reach out for a pen 
which has to be lifted over a 
source of heat. The oven can 
be used as an ordinary oven, 
or for grilling, or as a micro- 
wave, and the controls are 
neat (though large) 

The co mm on sense ap- 
proach continues: Hartmut 
Esslinger has a bed which 
grows — low when young, 
higher when you are old, with 
a selection of grips to help you 
in and out, if you need it, and 
a table attachment {which win 
, also tilt) to take care of meals 
and reading and writing. His 
firm, Frogdesign. has also 
produced a TV set (with video 
and compact disc) which can 
be rotated through 90 degrees: 
Something fir less ad- 
vanced but so simple that it 
lakes a designer to think of it is 
Robin Day's re-design of a 
reflective screen which recy- 
cles heat, producing a warm 
zone within a room, which 
also economises on fuel and 
which is constructed of three 
lightweight panels. covered in 
beat reflect! ng material. Robin 
Day, one of the great names of 
British design is 70 himself 
Kenneth Grange (design 
work includes the 125 High 
Speed Train cab exterior) ha* 
considered the problem of 
taking a bath ora shower — an 
activity not only of personal 
dignity but 'also of danger — a 
large proportion of accidents 
happen in bathrooms to peo- 
ple of all ages. His solution to 
washing feet is ingenious and 
practical, as is the provision of 
three shower heads at differing 
heights, continuous handrails, 

I and the sealing and standing 
! area. 

The last two years have 
been hard work for Helen 
Hamlyn, and she has travelled 
widely, in particular in the 
United States, to see how 
other countries face, these 
problems. She views this exhi- 
bition as only the beginning of 
what will be a lifetime of work 
- to change the attitudes, both 
public and private, to the way 
we will live the last third of 
our lives. She has the example 
of her mother, now in her 80s, 
but enjoying her life to the-fiiD, 
to spur her on. One of these 
days, it may well be that what 
she is telling us so plainly will 
be accepted by everyone. 

Think of 


and you think young 
Come to the 

and you may have to 
think; again! 







Dept 49 
Buads Lane 
. Industrial EsL 
Romsey, Hampshire 
(0794) 522022 

; r 

Patron: HRH The Prmcessof Wales 


Philippa Toomey 

New Design for Old: May 29 -1 

1 July 3; ; r A._L- • ' ' 



*«*, r 





How the Courtyard became a reality 

English Courtyard Association houses at, top, Atwater Court in Tailnup, Kent; middle, 
Lyefield Court, Emmer Green, Reading, Berkshire, and Walpole Corot, Poddletown, Dor- 
set privately financed developments based on tradhumal ideas of almshouses . 

When Noel Shunleworth be- 
gan to look for accommoda- 
tion for his elderly mother 10 
years asp. be could not find a 
{dace mat combined a back- 
ground of security and emer- 
gency help with Tanning costs 
that could be - met from a 
modest fixed income, and 
with a reasonable hedge 
against inflation for limited 
capital. . 

He concluded, that the gap 
must- be filled by privately 
financed development, - and 
decided to do something 
about it. which is bow his 
English Courtyard Associa- 
tion came to be founded. 

Its developments are based 
on the traditional courtyard 
plan of almshouses and con- 
sist of terraces and courts of 
two^stotey cottages and flats, 
with landscaped grounds. The 
intention is to create the 
relaxed atmosphere of the 
garden of a country house or 
an Oxford college. ; - 

That he was right in identi- 
fying a gap in the bousing 
market is shown by the fact 
that the association's develop- 
ments sell out quickly and 
have a waiting list The firm 
was one of the first to build 
retirement homes at the upper 
end of -the market, while 
McCarthy and Slone are the 
main specialists, having pro- 
vided more than 4,000 homes 
at the tower ranges. 

Britain's builders are always 
searching far new sectors of 
housing need, and with retire- 
ment and sheltered housing 
they found one ready made 
and growing. In the last 20 
years the number of men and 
women aged 65 and over has 
risen by one lhiid, and their 
numbers are still increasing, 
yet care of the elderly is under- 
funded and the Government 
has been asking for greater 
private participation. 

Research by the Housing 
Research Foundation carried 
outat the University of Surrey 
estimated the size of the 
market far sheltered housing 
at between 250,000 and 
400,000, or even larger if the 
younger, active retired were 
attracted into purpose-built 
retirement accommodation. 
Yet the increased demand is 
not being met Only some 
8,000 units are being built 
annually, while a more realis- 
tic rate would be around 

25.000. the research suggested. 

Almost half of the elderly 
own their own home today, 
and in 20 years' time it is 
estimated this figure will rise 
to 70 per cent Most elderly 
owner-occupiers have more 
than adequate financial re- 
sources to purchase sheltered 
housing units. At the same 
time — according to the Hous- 
ing Research Foundation — 
about half of elderly people 
regard tbeir present homes as 
unsuitable for retirement 
Their main complaints are 
that the house is too large, the 
garden is too large, house 
maintenance is too difficult 

Snooker tables and 
a bowling green 

and the services loo 

A large number of compa- 
nies are now involved in the 
provision of retirement care, 
with accommodation ranging 
from self-contained homes 
with a resident warden — or 
secretary, as some of the more 
sensitive upper-market 
schemes prefer to describe 
that post — to full nursing 
home care. One of the needs 
identified after the first homes 
were built was to provide for 
residents as they began to be 
unable to look after 

McCarthy and Stone last 
year established a new divi- 
sion, Homelife Care, to man- 

age its expanding residential 
and nursing care operations, 
and it intends to develop some 
six schemes a year. The aim is 
to look after owners from the 
moment they buy. John Mc- 
Carthy. chairman and manag- 
ing director, explained that 
they wanted to provide “a 
total caring environment for 
the elderly so that if a 
resident's condition changes 
there is no need physically to 
transfer from one home to 
another.” Their first such 
home, at Bexhill, encourages 
residents to pursue their own 
interests, and provides a 
games room, snooker tables 
and a bowling green. 

“We are moving into a new 
era of fife care for ihe elderly 
which has the dual effect of 
reducing pressure on commu- 
nity resources and enabling 
the elderly retired to maintain 
a happy and dignified 
lifestyle.” says Mr McCarthy. 

The Lifecare Group also 
believe in “continuous care in 
retirement'', and argue that 
their medical and health care 
management skills give them 
significant advantages over 
the traditional housing devel- 
oper. Noting that many exist- 
ing sheltered housing units are 
very small, about 400 square 
feet, they see this as unattrac- 
tive to the active elderly 
market where a middle-class 
couple will be moving from a 
large family house of perhaps 
18.000 square feet 

They try to avoid the “little 

box”style of retirement home, 
and provide a two-bedroom 
cottage of 950 square feet for 
around £56.000 or flat of 830 
square feet from about 
£42.500. In design they 
emphasise flexibility, so that, 
for example, a ground floor 
room can be convened into a 
bedroom as the owner gets 

As firms have joined the 
retirement business, design 
faults showing a Lack of 
thought have emerged: taps 
difficult to turn (many devel- 
opments now have easier 
lever taps), window catches 
just too ter to reach across the 

Special needs that 
are simple to meet 

kitchen appliances for a small- 
er person, security spy holes 
set too high for many older 

These have gradually been 
eradicated, though not in all 
cases, Lifecare, and many 
other developers, try to pro- 
vide what is wanted and 
required: stairs with a de- 
creased gradient, and designed 
to accommodate a chair lift: 
outward opening doors so that 
if an occupant falls behind a 
door it can be opened; electric 
sockets placed higher on walls 
to avoid the nekl to bend. 
Many of the improvements 
are simple features, which 
nevertheless make so much 

Contentment in the quad 

When Sir Henry Birkmyre, 2nd baronet, was 
considering moving in 1981 with his wife Doris 
from a large boose and garden as they got 
older, he saw an advertisement In The Sunday 
Timas for a retirement home at Wadhnrst in 
Kent, bmh by the English Ganrtyard 

“We did not look around at property at all “ 
when we decided to move,* 1 Sir Henry said. W I 
saw that these people (EGA) were bnOding 
their third development and that it was near 
Tonbridge Wells. That was good, because my 
daughter lives at Fembnzy. We were one of the 
first to apply and tbe second to move in. When 
my daughter and I saw it, it was just a very 
hilly she, bnt we saw the plans.** 

He moved to CYhties Court at Wadhnrst, a 
few steps from tbe High Street, which was 
completed in 1982. With other ECA develop- 
ments h wan a Housing Design award in 1983 
and in 1984 won an award for “soft 
landscaping*'. The development consists of 18 

two-bedroom cottages, seven two-bedroom 
fiats and four three-bedroom cottages, and is 
made op of four simple terraces forming a 
quadrangle — a reflection of tbe Oxford college 
or courtyard design which provides the 
architectural inspiration. 

Sir Henry, who saw action in France in tbe 
First World War in 1917, and later spent many 
years with a trading company in India, is 88. 
When they moved to Wadhuret in February 
1983 from Cooden Beach, they were not 
entirely happy about leaving for a smaller 
bouse. “We had to do a good deal of 
telescoping of our fnrmtnre and belo^gmes and 
we detested leaving the garden. My wife is a 
very keen gardener.” 

Sir Henry considered the value of purpose- 
built retirement homes. “They vary a lot, of 
course, but I believe they are a very good idea. 
The perfect one was never bnilt, ^ conrse, bn( 
now I could think of nowhere we would rather 

Peter Edmonson, of Anglia 
Secure Homes, which began 
operations in the Tendring 
area of Essex, a favourite 
retirement area, admits that 
bis firm have made changes in 
response to residents, and 
believes it is vital to listen to 
what they have to say. His fast 
expanding company, due to go 
public m July, also listens to 
the providers of local services 
when a development begins, 
in order that it will fit into the 

Because of the need to have 
developments within easy 
walking distance of a town 
centre, and generally on flat 
ground, sites can be difficult — 
and resented unless the devel- 
opments are sensitively done. 
Thai is why Anglia's flagship 
development at Bury St Ed- 
munds has a natural slate roof 
costing an extra £30,000. “We 
build to a high quality and try 
to blend in to historic towns.” 
Mr Edmonson says. 

Anglia provide homes for 
people over 60 and have plans 
for “intermediate care” devel- 
opments allowing customers 
to move on within the same 
firm as they get less active. For 
many developments, the low- 
er age qualification is 55. 

For all customers, the two 
crucial concerns once they 
have bought their retirement 
home are the standard and 
cost of maintenance and 
management. Even if owners 
have traded down from bigger 
houses and have some money, 
the finances are often a worry, 
and one of the most common 
questions from potential buy- 
ers is about the cost of ; 
maintenance and services. 
Many of the developments are 
handed over to outside con- 
tractors and housing associa- 
tions for their provision. 

In other developments, spe- 
cial leasing arrangements are 
operated. English Courtyard 
Association, for example, op- 
erates a scheme where in 
certain cases it may be possi- 
ble to offer buyers a life lease 
through its own management 
company. This can be particu- 
larly attractive to older buyers, 
reducing their capital outlay 

Christopher Wurman 

Property Correspondent 


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Three score 


• ;s' 

Britain's old are getting older 
and there are many more of., 
them. A decade ago the highly 
predictable increase in the 
numbers of the elderly, if we 
can for a moment so crudely 
characterize anybody over the 
age of 65, was already taking' 
place. The increase, however, 
seemed but a smaH doud raj. 
the horizon of Whitehall's 

Today tbe rise m their 
numbers, and paxtienfariy the. 
increase in the numbers of the 
“old okfYthose aged over 75, 
affects great swathes of the 
national life, from the debate 
over future pension provision, 
to the strain they put on the 
health service, to the rising 
demands for social services, to 
the explosive opportunities 
their increasing numbers have 
opened up for the private, 
sector, whether in providing 
retirement homes and flats, 
sheltered housing, re s iden ti al 
or nursing homes. 

. Thirty years ago, the 
achievement of Lord Sun- 
well. who died recently aged 
101 . in continuing to function 
as an effective politician al- 
most to the end, would have 
been even more remarkable 
than it is today. 

. In 1951 there were an 
estimated 271 people in Eii- 
, gland and Wales aged over 
* W81 14181 figarc 

f - - ; K ▼ w * risen ninefold to 1410. 

The reasons forihe i ncre ase 
lie partly in demographic 
trends, but 'also in greater 
prosperity, environmental im- 
provements and to some ex- 
tent to improvements from 
modern medicine, the chief of 
which is probably the develop- 
ment of antibiotics. 

Of these factors environ- 
mental improvements that' 
have gone with greater pros* 

■ Sit-down showers A _ 
allows comfort 
perity are probably the most 

. The. numbers aged over 65 
have been rising steadily for 
30 years so that the proportion 
of the' population past male 
retirement age reached 1 5 per 
cent in 1981. against just II 
per cent in 1951. By the early 
1990s, the numbers aged over 
65 will have risen by some- 
thing over a further 500,000, 
but the total number past 
retirement age is expected 
then to peak. 

Within that group, howev- 
er, those aged 75 and over are 
expected to continue rising. 
By the year 2006: their num- 
bers wifi have risen by 10 per 
cent to mare than four 


'-'.JrXT- i 



designers of the range of kitchen 
furniture displayed at the 
“New Designs For Old" 
exhibition at the Bbilerhouse, - 
Victoria & Afbert Museum 


TP ^PllONEOl 253 4311, TELEX 21692 




Heta& Hautiyn ftuadafion. 

For detaBs of our products and aaryfow: . 

,23*25 JL- 

in tile 

Such increases do not sound 
all that dramatic. But their 
implications for services are. 
In 1981 it was estimated that 
nearly one quarter of health 
spending went on those 
75 and over, despite the 
that they made up slightly less 
than six per cent of the 

But if the numbers of 
elderly are growing, their char- 
acteristics are also changing. 
The young old" those now 
reaching and just past retire- 
ment age, are fitter, more 
active ami better off than their 
predecessors- The growth in 
occupational pensions, the 
spread oT home ownership, 
and even the introduction of 
the State Earnings Related 
Pension . Scheme (SERFS) a 
decade ago, aB mean that a 
significant proportion of those 
retiring today have more 
money to spend, and, perbaps. 
expect more of their retire- 
ment -than generations who 
tacitly accepted, that retire- 
ment would last only a few 

At the same time, while 
many petwsonersare better off 
than Their predecessors, large 
numbers of them still jive in 
poverty or oh its margins. 
Thirty per cent of those above 
retirement age five at or below 
the supplementary benefit lev- 
el; one-third of homes unfit 
for habitation are lived in by 
the: elderly, and in 1982 one 
million pensioners had fess 
than £200 capital, thus turning 
any forrnof unforeseen expen- 
diture imo a crisis. 

The result of a generation of 
pntsioners rotiring who are in 
many cases’ better off has been 
an expansion in homes and 
housing aimed at their needs 
and at the money they have to 
spend. But the catch is that 
even if the “young old" are 
fitter -and more independent 
than their predecessors, they 


will still continue to age and 
grow frailer, and all the indica- 
tions are that it is the state that 
will continue to have to take 
the burden of caring for them. 

In health service terms, the 
private sector does little for 
the elderly, precisely because 
the costs are so high. Those 
past retirement age find it 
increasingly difficult to take 
out private health insurance, 
and increasingly expensive to 
maintain if they do have it. 

The Government's social 
security policy, whether by 
design or accident, has led to 
an explosion in private and 
voluntary provision, though 
chiefly private provision, in 
residential accommodation 
for the elderly through resi- 
dential and nursing homes. 
The number of places in such 
homes 'has rocketed in recent 
years, but the social security 

S often remains their 
al .backbone. 

Between 1978 and the end 
of 1 984 the number of places 
in such homes rose from 7,000 
to more than 42*000. The bill 
rose 20-fold and the price per 
place, five-fold at a time when 
inflation rose by 70 per cent 
The result has been govern- 
ment action to keep charges 
for such homes down and 
increasing worries about 
whether an uncontrolled ex- 
pansion in residential and 
nursing home provision, 
based heavily on whether the 
applicant qualifies for supple- 
mentary benefit, is the right 
way to go. Al present there is 
no assessment of whether 
someone moving into such 
accommodation actually 
needs it. With the cost to 
social security ranging from 
£120 a week to £230 it is 
highly expensive compared 
with tbe cost of providing 
home helps, meals-on-wheels 
'and other services that could 
allow oeoole to continue to 
live in their own homes. 

.The crises that have oc- 
curred in Australia and the 
United States, both m the cost 
of caring for the elderly 
through large-scale provision 
of old people's homes and the 
difficulties of monitoring and 
maintaining - standards in' 
them, seriously, worty critics 

But pilot studies are due to 
see if local authority social 
services departments could 
carry out assessments of 
whether residential care is 
needed before social security 
agrees to meet the bill, or 
whether people could be.better 
■helped by other, less expen- 
sive, forms of social service 

For such an arrangement to 
work, however, some new 
contract between central gov- 
ernment spending and local 
authority soda] service provi- 
sion would he needed to 
ensure that local authorities 
had the resources to meet the 

Nicholas Timmins 

Social Services Correspondent 


Abbeyfield defeats loneliness 

An increasing number of elderly people suffer 
from loneliness and isolation. But in an Abbeyfield 
house, there’s company. 8-9 individual, self-furnished 
rooms means friends around. 

In over 930 bouses Abbeyfield offers an 
imaginative design for living to elderly people The 
need for more houses is growing fast A donation, 
a covenant or a legacy from you will help Abbeyfield 
open more houses -each of which subsequently 
becomes self-financing. 


_ Patron HSHTlie Prince irfWites 

I Dept TT ,186-192 Darius lane. Pottos Bar, Berts EN 6 IA 3 
I Telephone: 0707-44845 

| Hetse&Bd endued np 


I Please debit i 
• Access [ 

for even 
the smallest 

ibe sa ir , 

le divi - 60 

'l 6.740 — 
ads — 

0) and — 

1 1,6] OX 56,1 , 
ra was ,/ *l 

30 CX" * 

>) and 

I f 




s ? 




A s one who helps redun- 
dant executives to get 
back to work I spend 
some lime with them 
studying and trying to interpret 
classified job advertisements. It 
can be a somewhat frustrating 
process, in describing here the 
impact of some types of advertise- 
ment on target readers my purpose 
is to be helpful, not just critical. 

Being a “national” leader in a 
field is becoming quite modest. 
“World” leadership is taking over. 
Why do “dynamic” and 
“progressive” leadens so often 
want to remain anonymous? Sure- 
ly the mere name, if the claim is 
true, would be enough. ICI does 
not proclaim itself a “world 
leader” in chemicals, nor Unilever 
in the field of detergents, edible 
fais and frozen foods. 

The wording of the “person” 
descriptions can be rather opaque. 
“An experienced young graduate" 
opened the stream of hyperbole of 
a recent advertisement. In what, I 
asked myself, would a young 
graduate be experienced? Is it sex, 
drinking or beating up lecturers? 

In due course the requirements 
became a little more explicit — 
“who has at least one year’s 
relevant work experience”. “Not 
entirely raw” perhaps; certainly 
not “experienced". 

Some of the in language is now 
so common that the ads in 
ordinary plain English are begin- 
ning to stand out. Jobs are 
“exciting". Businesses are 
“competitive”. I thought all the 
private sector was competitive, 
apart from a few denationalized 
monopolies. Positions are becom- 
ing “demanding”. 

I must have been very unlucky. 
Every job I've had in my career 
has been “demanding". One can- 
not object to “opportunity”, a 
common word now, but a recent 
"demanding position" presented a 
“real opportunity to join the X 

The personal qualities sought, 
often for modest ' salaries, are 
positively Olympian. One of the 
“demanding" positions required 
“an innovative approach, deter- 
mination, well-developed inter- 
personal skills and a high degree of 

• ... y 

Big companies that 

term themselves . 

-f •: 

r >y .- ' . • 

‘dynamic’ and 

S = *:y. \ 

<\ . 

‘thrusting’ may 


V f j 

frighten jobrseekeis, 

:y- * 

says Terry Lyons 

self-motivation”. “Dynamic”, 
“thrustful”, “hardworking” and 
“ambitious" are further examples 
of those qualities which are hardly 
likely to cut down by much the 
number of unsuitable applicants 
these ‘ads’ -will generate: 

A modest and realistic client of 
mine once said: “I am not a hard- 
nosed, aggress ve, thrusting inno- 
vator who seeks to lead a team of 
dynamically motivated young 
people. I'm just a good finance 
director, HT took anyjiotice of the 

j; w : 

apply for." 

Space could be so much more 
profitably used if advisers and. 
those who advise them would 
understand that simply specifying 
the qualities of the President of 
Utopia will only deter the occa- 
sional and unusually objective 
self-evaluator— who could well be 
the person they really need. : 
There is a fashion of using the 
rather patronizing approach of 
“you will be My own reaction 

would be to feel even more 
determined to ate -this as a 
personal challenge that I cannot 
decline. . * . • : : 

■ At the end of it aH,' some ads 
convey so- little factual- informa- 
tion about the nature of the work 
and the true . level of the skills 
required that even the best candi- 
dates may be unable to many their 
qualities to those actually needed, 
or indeed may not apply at au. 

To' be constructive, may 1 
suggest ' how an executive job 
' advertisement should be -put 

■ •Don’t invite every setf-cpra- 
ionaled egqtist to write to you. 

• •Work out a job description. 

•Write an “occupant" specifi- 
cation in terms of the minimum 

•Draft the ad so.thai as far as 
possible th e-jSah demonstrates the 
qualities needed. x 

•Start with the job title — eg. 
Export Sales Manager — as a 

. •Describe, the product in- 
volved — eg. Specialized Agricul- 
tural Machinery.' 

•Describe any importan t job 
limits — eg. Northern and Eastern 
Europe. ... 


■To develop exstirig markets and 
open new outlets. Tp liaise be*, 
tween customers: . an d the 
company’s design - and manufac- 
turing depanmcnts. : Tci- develop 
and maintain after-sales service.” , 
•Indicate size— ^number -of 
reps and back-up static turnover or 
volume. If breaking new ground, *' 
- say so — aiare case wSetethe wont - 

“challenge" would be justifi ed. - 
•Describe contacts^ . environ- 
ment, constraints — eg, “consider- 
able travel and contacts with- 
forergh governments. Import 
agencies and nsera” 

•Essential qualifications now 
become a logical refinement. In , 
this example “HNC m. Mecham- . 
cal Engineering” would be a 
reasonable manmunu “A Scandi- 
navian language or German :to 
business standards”' would be-: 
another reasonable essential. 

SA minhmto previous salary, is" 
a good way of indicating the level 
of person yon want. 

May 29, 1986 

•If yon have room to add 
‘desirable” qual&es of the perfect 
candidate — . eg. cha rtered engi- 
neer, economic knowledge of foe 
area, Russian tangoage —do so. 

•State location of post and 
“basic salary of not less than £K 
pa’*.' “Ttw,fi®ne salary" (£10 to 
199K0 and ^outstanding benefits’* 
(car pennon & BUPA?) are mean- 
mgtess. A sffirifkaot incentive 
boons or prom sharing scheme ]r 
worth mentioning. 

: •Saywhoyouare. - 

Of. course the ad will be a bit 
dull compared with foe “Are you 
the committed man or woman to 
lead this dynamic growth leader 
into the exciting challenge of 
Eastern Europe” stuff (perhaps 
with , a silhouette illustration of an 
. a ggre s sive sales manager). But it 
does ‘corarainricaie to the people 
with whom you want to communi- 
cate, and it gives a dignified 
•. imp re ssi on of a business that 
knows whom it wants and why. 
Terry Lyons is an associate direc- ' 
lor of Pauline Hyde & Associates, 

. and 'jbrmer President of the Insti- 
tute ofPersonnei Management. s 

Appointments Phone: 0 1-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Consultancy - 

the route to 
Top Management 

Manufacturing Information Distribution/ 

Technology Logistics 

MRP/MR Pn . OPT, Comms, OA. 

JIT, CIM, CADCAM, mainframe/mini/ 
FMS, robotics micro, manufacti 

Strategy, computer- 
controlled systems. 

micro, manufacturing, warehousing, stock 
control, hi-tech 
materials handling, 

<£ 17 - 35,000 

MKA Search International Limited 

MKA House 

long Street 


Berks SL61EF 

W: have been briefed by a range of highly 
prestigious management consultancy clients to 
help them search for the best young talent in the 

They can equip ‘fast track' men and women for 
tomorrow^ top management positions by 
broadening and deepening technical and 
interpersonal skills through a wide variety of v 


The significance of management consultancy is 
reflected infrequent advertisements for 
consultants in the national media, but which ones 
should you consider? Our experience can help 
you choose. 

Wz would like to meet high calibre, numerate ; 
graduates in their late 20s or eariy 30s who have 
planned and/or implemented radical changes in 
strategies and computer-based systems in either • 
line or support management roles. 

Your experience will have been gained in 
recognisable blue chip companies who operate 
advanced systems and who are genuinely 
forward thinking about change. 

7o discuss your next career step, please 

Chore Hydop AhmBmm 

0905612261 office 062875956 

0905354509 borne 0753883288 

c^send us your CV to the address below quoting 
your daytime telephone number. 

Project Manager: 

Your next move 


As one of the leading computer manufacturers 
of mini, micro and desk tqp computer hardware 
and software, our client is at the leading edge “ 
of this marketplace, developing systems on an 
international basis and it is within their major 
software development area that they are seeking 
a key individual. 

Initially responsible for the instigation of 
project quality goals, you will assist in their 
achievement across a wide range of develop- 
ment projects, furthermore your skills will be 
required in a problem identification and 
trouble-shooting role within such project teams. 



I Associates 

cJl 23,000 package 

With a minimum of 8 years’ software 
development experience you will currently be 
in a Project Management position, and have 
experience of achieving project team goals ■ 
within budget. As a motivated individual you . 
will be expected to influence the use of 
particular project tools by your communica- 
tion techniques both within project teams 
and to senior managers. 

In return, our client offers an excellent 
benefits package and a progressive career 
progression scheme. For further information 
contact Tom Crawford quoting Refr GPG09 
or send your details to him at the address below. 

Search and Selection 

1 60 New Bond Street. London W IY OHR. 
telephone 01 r408 1670. 

‘il .• - "•» 

.<* jf 


'* * t , , 

V '• 




Marry of us are so involved with the jobs we're doing and 
whether we are making fufl use of our potential. 

We a re woridng because we have to*- we have 

andtheTstgoesonJhese are notso much excises as 

facts of life. 

An other fart's that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just dorrt know what 
to do about it 

_ChuadLarKfer has changed an that 

Wfeare a group of specialist career consultants whose 
sole ftinction is togukte executives and professional 
peopleand help them atfiievethefr individual objectives. 

We guarantee that we will comm it our time and effort 
untU you are satisfied that your career objectives have 
been realised. 

Iforthir^yearewehavebe^strlvinglbrthebest' 1 


Telephone us to arrange a confidential persona! 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator RefA#t a/6/i 35/37 Rtzroy Street 
London W1P 5AF— enclosing a brief careersummaiy, 

IOND0N 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

BIRMINGHAM 021-643 8202 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 . 



The Directors of this major national grant- 
. making mist invite applications for the 
position of * 

The position arises foUowiog the centralisation 
of the administration -of a number of associ- 
ated charities and the reassessment of 
responsibilities, within the company. 

The -successfhl applicant wHJ be required to 
assess applications received, monitor grants 
made- and seek out projects worthy of support - 
with a view to advising the Directors on the 
effectiveness of their general grants policy. An 
ohilfty 'to interpret financial infonriation' is 

The initial “sakffy 1 offered" will reflect the 
responsibility of the position and a 1600 cc car 
will be provided together with B.U.PA private 
medical i n sura n c e and foe opportunity to par- 
ticipate in a contributory pension scheme. 

The position will be based in. London. 

Applicants should apply in their own hand- ' 
writing and provide a fuflCV. and the names i 
of two referees to -The Chairman (Appeals), 
The Rank Foundation LtiL, 12, Warwick 
Square, London, SW1V 2AA. 

Area Sales 
Manager - Copiers 

Reporting, to ihe commercial raanager 
you wifi have an excolterrt'Mles^roimd^ 
-mg within the Photocopier market Ability 
to carry-out a dealer support rote - setting 
out copiers aito controBir® pfoduet flow 
from warehouse to end user. If you have 
'Gales and management training skills and 
aboveaA possess communfoaflveandde- 

monstrative ejqrertise -w© need totalkto 
you. ' . . ' "TTT- - ' . • 

Our cUetrt, a major force m this htaWy 
competitive market, is. offering an exeat 
teit jrackage. Bade salary £12,000, DTE 
£20,000. Fuel injected company car and 
usual benefits apply. : ; 

Cae Peter WyrB NOW on 
01-629 7262. - ’vv 


A Am ■ camntOnant to do* 
op wwr. career. -That's 
vrtat ABed DuntW b cur- 
rently offering to mm and 
women who are equaty 
wnvuiUBd to success. 

Last year alone we* 1 spent 
over £3 muon on 
progr a mmes tor our . sales 
associates (25-555 si0 many 
ot them wanjon to reap me 
~ re wwwr . W Bv a a r a n ^aqtm 

opporturdtieg Qroup. App*- 
ca&ons are wefcomn. 
reg a rttess at sex, marfial 
flans, ethnic origin or 
-Asabaty. T 

' FCr an interview -.or further 
Oatflb caB Pater Richard* 
on 0t-037 7200. London and 
Home Counties. . *• 

: SALES - 

EMhtaiasUc. cnersetic. 
bardwtai&io tedes'jteoo- 

ttator required fqf; Cast ' 
.rnvotng firm of «stal« 
oaenL -Mw aCs. Great : 
career prospects 1 . . Car | 
.owner.. Exnerienqi pra- 1 
'fenvo.'but not essential, j 

• ' 5.. 


1 *18 


We are taktagfara sates prafasicnaL in the 27-35 age range, 

-experienced in toe&dsBahaactebtiri pmrfcyfc, pw tra frly wmsnme 
knowledge cJtbedity free trade: 

. . ^^f^tot^£wopeanS^Managa:thBA^wa!befE^JC*B2>tefof 

Europe— MediaaMan/Ad^atk^Ba{k^^(yxalfcv«dte48^fiBQdaI 

Based at Dlvisaaaal Officein WestLoadao. fcjobnqrireriaob£ir^ 
upto 5096 travel abroad. fluency mat feat on e fa «^ langBagg(GcHPan/~ 

' sdhnotivation and sood Da 
An aBrad^e salary pa 
berths andacon^arryon 



LUT is one of the mot successful universities in 
the «Kintxy. producing padtmes keenly sought by 
employes and attracting strong financial support 
from industry, commerce, research agencies and 
phdanibropical organisations for ri* research. This 
new post has been created to provide the impetus 
and direction to enable the University 4© expand 
its fiindHrmsog activities. The Director, will work 
closely with the VicoChaocenor and other senior 
officers. wiU be expected lo foster greater external 
awareness of die university's very considerabie 
achievements and potential. 

Energy, drive and committment of a tegfa order 
are csremuil. as wed as tbe personal qualities 
necessary to represent the University effectively 
to possible donors oT all tfnds. A good track 
record in a : similar job would obviously be an 
advantage, but other candidates with relevant 
educational, industrial or commercial experience 
wifl be considered if they can demonstrate 
aptitude and appetite for toe post. 

Remuneration is untikety to be a contramt on 
re cruitm e n t of the right coadidate. projects will 
be dearly related to pe rforman ce. 

Those interested should obtain further particulars 
and an aopbcatioo form from the Registrar. 
Closing date 20 June 1986. 

Principal Tutor Management 

TSB Management College 

Negotiable £20,000+ and car/banking benefits 


David Miller. Managing Director (RefDLM 659), Robert Marshall 

Mertta^Iimaei^ 44 WafegteoSteeLlx^^ 


Lou&t b aro u gh 


TSB is a ma jor banking and financial services 
Group and it is developing rapidly 
The Groups residential Management College 
near Solihull has recently been extended to 
enable it to provide dose support to senior 
managers as they meet the extensive changes 
within the Group and those affecting the 
finance sector at large 
The Principal TUtot Management will join a 
small senior team reporting to the Director 
of the College 

The main responsibilities of the post indude 

• developing and directing general 
management training programmes, 
sometimes with external agencies 

• teaching management subjects and 
providing an input to the full range of 
College programmes 

• contributing to the development and 
application of assessment centres and 
personal development programmes 

• advising and assisting operating 
companies in their own management 
education programmes. 

The job holder will work closely with the 
Group Management Development Depart- 
ment based in London. This like the College, 
is the overall responsibility of Bany Welch. 
Controller. Group Management Development 
£• Training Candidates should be professionally 
qualified in the behavioural sciences, have 
counselling and consultancy skills, and show 
evidence innovation and leadership 
-preferably as a manager in a demanding 
business environment 
Those under 40 are unlikely to have ihe 
experience and maturity required. Priority will 
be -given to someone able to take personal 
advantage of the excellent career prospects 
within TSB. 

This is an opportunity to join an innovative and 
resultSHDriented Personnel team committed to 
a major change programme and working to the 
highest professional standards. 

Please write with personal and career details to: 
Head of Personnel Services, 

TSB Group Central Executive. PO Box 33. 

25 Milk Street London EC2V8LU. 

i. But 
s left 
p and 
p after 
lg by 

ter fig- 
h a 38 
and a 
ue on 
nob at 
i 3p. 

Op to 
tat the 
. New- 
a quiet 
ice of 

s were 
s trad- 
id 7p 
ting at 



oS 9* 


Play a vital part in the 
future of tourism in London 

Salary range 

£12,839 - £15,773 (under review) 

London Visitor and Convention Buwu is' the' official tourist board for London, 
respanpbto for the management, development and promotion of tourism it die 
capital. We now have opportunities for two people to join oursmafl. professional 
management team. 

Development Manager 

A key rote with reeponsfeOty for administering a gram a«*ng scheme for tourism 
dnutopmsm projects; providing development «dv£e to ttwfem businesses; stimu- 
lating investment in new projects; and mon i tori ng aB tourism development 
proposals in London. 

It therefore esKs lor a first-class communicator, aged £8-55. with degree or 
professional qualification, e sound financial background and several years relevant 
comme rci al experience. An imdaretanifti g of pubfic sector ftaufing. experience of 
tourism or leisure industries and a good knowledge of London would el be 

Research Manager 

You prow* b DonadBorive research service^ ■ 

tourism ratty: reflection and sofyiis tourism 

Aged 28-55 nd educated is dejfflo feveLyoo should bare 
awreyraa c anMBa l grpriena « safeties or asaadi 
IobeBih iriQt good andytirei and coumrioAn dote. 

I yaw haw ills expertise to make a dpflcatf contribution to 
our cortinuinng dmjopnoBL tefeptane or rate to an appK- 
e 3boo tom to- y 

The PBrsoonel DepataieoL •'* ' 

London Vistte & Convention Bureau. 

2B &0SMV Gtiriens, VUora, 

London SWW ODU. Tel: 01-730 3450 «L 224. 

oo London's 
fafiB s a a di 





The Housing Associations Charitable Trust is one of the 
largest housing charities in the UK and works very 
closely with voluntary housing movement helping house 
homeless people- The Trust is an eaual opportunities 

The Trustees are seeking an enthusiastic and dynamic 
executive to organise a major appeal and to set up and 
run a permanent fundraising department The previous 
advertisement did not result in an appointment and the 
Trust is re-advertising. 

The person selected, will have a commitment towards 
housing disadvantaged people. 

Amongst the skffls the Trustees are seeking are. if posa- 
ble, experience in ftmdraising at a senior leveL but this is 
not essential- They are however, seeking a person who 
has senior management experience, has creative abQit y 
and is a good communicator and somebody who is capa- 
ble of guiding and working with a top level committee. 

The salary will be according to experience, but It will be 
in the region of £17-20.000 per year. If interested, please 
send CV with a handwritten application to: 

The Director 

The Housing Associations Charitable Trust 
175 Grays Inn Road 
London WC1X 8UX 

By Friday 27th June. Telephone enquiries will not be 
accepted. Previous applicants need not reapply. 


requires ittW 


photograph to 

Ocean Qrutea Uh«* (UK) UtL, 

10 Frederick CVwe, Stanhope Place, 

London W2 2HD 

Tek 01-723 5657. 



Petitions km been dmt- 
oewd for Itabwe Broken 
within me’UffK most dy- 
namic Brokerage- Tbe 

imrramUt wMcart aged 
25 • 35 vrfQ enjoy axnpre- 
bensloc rroimrtnnm 
betaine and w» uwtvaijed 
career path.- 

Tetmhooe Peter McCray 
01-629 0604. . 

New Appointments in the Clore Gallery 

Senior Curator 

You wifi work to the Curator of the 
Turner Collection and will be responsible 
for the day-to-day management of the 
a ore Gallery and its collections. Wort 
indudes cataloguing the -works on paper in 
the Tomer Request, organising temporary 
exhibitions and pr ep arin g catalogues. 

You wifi also deal with public enquiries, 
including giving 'on the spot’ opinions on 
works of the Turner period, and organise 
surveillance of the Study Room. Appoint- 
ment as Curator C or D. 

Junior Curator 

You will work' dosdy with the Senior 
Curator assisting in many of the duties 
involved in the day-to-day running of the 
Gallery Appointment as Curator D or E. 

Fdr both posts jrou should 
normally have a degree in a /W* 

relevant subject with 1st or € 

2nd class honours or an [ 

equivalent or higher I 

qualification phis ■ \ 

adequate knowledge of Turner’s work in 
all fields. 

For appointment as Curator C you 
must have demonstrated a very high 
degree of skifi and performance in 
research, and be an accepted authority in 
a particular field of 18th and 19th century 
British art, preferably Turner. 

Salary (under review): as Curator C 
03,430-09,725, Curator D 01,680- 
05,265 or Curator E £9815-02,630. 
Level of appointment and starting salary 
according to qualifications and experience. 

For further details and an application 
form (to be returned by 19 June 1986) 
write to Civil Service Commission, ' 
Akncon link, Basingstoke. Hants 
RG22 lJB, or telephone Basingstoke 
(0256) 468551 (answering service 
operates outside office hours). 

Please quote ref: G{ 21)382. 
An equal opportunity 





The Frizzail Group is one of Ihe Courtly's 
leadinglrwaanee Broking and financial 
Services Groups with offices throughout trie UK 
and growing International interests. The core 
business Is a private motor and general 
insurance account placed at Uoycfs which 
provides o client base in excess of % milhon 
SJctfsticol and Werorafr* analysis « business 
performance plays a key role In the Group’s 
operational and s&ateglc planning. 


Circa S14K 

The prime role of the SPA is to co-orcSnale the 
Input from various Internal planning bodies 
Into the planting system and to assist In 
audRtng plans against the strategies and 
objectives d the Business. Research end 
technical support fcgran to the planning 
groups to provide common reporting 
standards, there is otfso respon$ibiray lor the 

Circa SI IK 

Reporting to the SPA the Intormafion Analyst is 
ope»ottona)ly responsible tor the production 
of both regular and ad hoc reports covering 
every faceFot the Group's business. 
Scrupulous attention to accuracy and 
documentation standards and Ine abUy to 
meet hard deadHnes |»a key requirement. 

A statistical or mathematical bias is a 
fundamental PBqufeement and exposure to an 
Insurance environment would be a distinct 

production and i n t e rpretation oi performance 
data to support decision taking at the highest 

AepNcortis must be quoWed to degree level 
vrah a numeric bks and must have relevevrt 
commerofcrt e xperience. Computer . 
applicattons Envolvemrart in an IBM 
environment with Lotus, Symphony. Hlefab or 
Mantis software will aid easy assimilation of 

existing systems. 

benefits induing comprehensive relocation 
arrangements where appropriate. 


Please write in the first instance wfihCV to SM 
Wool ridge. Personnel Manager, Frizzell 
(Consumer Services Division), Frizzell House. 
County Gates. Poole. DorseLBHI 3 6Bft 

Are you earning £20,000— £100,000 pa. and 
seeking a new job? 

Connaught has probably helped more execu- 
tives tofind newappoimrnentsftirough te suc- 
cessful executive marketing programme than 
any other organisation. 

. Contact us for a free confidential fee assess- 
ment meeting, if you are currently abroad, ask 

for our Expat Executive 

n« 01-734 3879 (24 hou rs] 


32Sav3eRow, Ixmtiofv »n 





We are a rapktiy expandng group, m the fi- 
randaf services sector, and are looking to 
recruit a graduate assistant for our Deputy 

The successful applicant will be based in Lon- 
don and Surrey, and their duties w» Include the 
retrieval and distribution of inform a tio n , the 
preparation of management reports, and the 
summarising of reports. 

A graduate of business studies, or similar, 
with qualities of enthusiasm and self motivation, 
who is not afraid of hard work and is well 
organised, should write in the first instance to 
BOX ADI, The Times. 1 Virginia Street, London 
EC2N 2AT: ’ 


Prated and Senior Maaagmant terf ritdgn, development, 
aratructton. cormtaaortng. <£■**« and nak ittyjee 
■ staff ftr totoe prcteta on andortsiefa Degree Jwte tjarfflee- 
ttens necessary plus minimum et WO ysora possgraduM 
experience. Please atom current cv. pasepert pnoio plus 
eeoBrt w e s t » . . 

IgfW The aree i to ef , 

•noe gxaa. 

<Rac Coes) 




A General Advertisement Manager 
is required by Yellow Advertiser 
Newspaper Group, which publishes 
31 titles in Essex and tbe London 
ansa. Tbe Group has developed in 
the past 10 years some of the most 
progressive and innovative free 
newspaper policies in the country, as 
a result of which it now has a 
turnover of £28 million pja. 

In keeping with the group's status as 
a market leader, the man or woman 
sought will have a proven track 
record in advertisement sales, will 
have reached a senior position in tbe 
newspaper, or similar, industry and 
will have the potential to be 
developed rapidly in to 
Advertisement Director of this 
dynamic young company. 

A knowledge of telephone sales 
techniques and organisation would 
be a most valuable attribute, as 
would an understanding of the 
advertising agency scene. But most 
important are those qualities of 
leadership, character and 
determination which, taken together, 
produce advertising sales success. 
Salary circa £25,000 + BMW car. 

Apply with full CV. (in confidence) 
to! Howard Green. Managing 
Director, Yellow Advertiser 
Publications Limited, Acorn House, 
Great Oaks, Basfldon, Essex, SS14 
I AH. 




Science graduates interested in a career in research 
administration are invited to apply for appointment as a 
Scientific Administrative Officer in the Council's London 
Headquarters Office. 

Scientific Administrative Officers have an important part to 
play in the administration of the Council’s support for 
biomedical research: they act as the links between the 
research community and the Council’s decision-making 
Boards and Grants Committees and contribute to the work 
of the advisory committees and working parties. In addition 
to challenging administrative responsibilities, they are 
expected to develop an awarenesss of the latest 
developments in medicine and biology through contact with 
research workers at all levels. 

The successful candidate is likely to be aged between 28 and 
40 with experience of biomedical research at a post-doctoral 
level and with a broadly-informed interest in. and 
enthusiasm for, medicine and the biological sciences. 
Experience of administration would be an advantage. The 
initial appointment wifi either be centred on day-to-day 
Jiasion with applicants from Universities, Hospitals and 
Medical Schools for the Council’s own research 
establishments and with its many scientific advisory 

The Council’s headquarters staff are appointed on terms and 
conditions analogous to those of the Civil Service. Subject to 
satisfactory completion of a 2 year probationary period, the 
appointment will be permanent The salary scale (Senior 
Scientific Officer grade) offered is £9.772 to £12.653 plus 
£1,365 London Weighting and a contributory pension 
scheme with pay supplement 

Further information and application forms may be obtained 
by writing or telephoning to Mrs B Price, Medical Research 
Council. 20 Park CrescenL London WIN 4A1 (01-636 5422 
ext 237); the closing dale for applications is 10 Jane 1986. 

An Eqnal Opportunity Emplyer 



A vacancy exists for a Project Leader/ Assistant Section Leader in the Chemi- 
cal Section of our Research & Development Department ! 

While some aspects of the work are of a routine nature, we are seeking a 
person who can make a significant contribution, particularly in the area of j 
glass polishing. The work will involve the formulation, testing and develop- 1 
ment of new products and processes from the Laboratory through to j 
production scale. ! 

We expect that the successful candidate wifi have an honours degree, proba- 
bly in Chemistry or Ceramics/Material Science and two or three 'ears 
experience in a relevant research or production environment, however more 
recent graduates will also be considered. 

Apply in writing to: 

The Personnel Manager 
London & Scandinavian Metallurgical 
Fullerton Road 
South Yorkshire S60 1DL 

Co Limited 



Frankfurt DM Neg. 

Our Client, a leading German bank, requires a translator lo be based in their 
head office in Frankfurt. As pan of a team of translators, the candidate would be 
required to translate documents of a banking, economic or EDP nature between 
English and German. 

Educated to degree level in either German or Economics, the ideal candidate 
should have English mother tongue with a perfect knowledge of German and possess 
relevant experience gained either as a translator or within a banking environment. 
Please send a detailed Curriculum Vitae, staling salary expectations, to 
Alim McGnizu. Jonathan Wren International Lid. 170 Bisbopsgate, 
Tendon EC2M 4LX- Tel: (01) 623 1266. 





i Lincolnshire 



£8,528— £10,581 

plusaltovrance of £569 p.a. 

nm iB 


We’re now looking for young, 
reliable and enthusiastic reporters 
to join our lively newsteams at 
Radio Lincolnshire and Radio 

For Radio Lincolnshire, this 
will be a minimum six month 
contract, helping cover one of the 
largest editorial patches in the 
country. Ideally, you will have news- 
paper and/or radio experience. 

(Ref. 9885/D 
For Radio Nottingham, we 
need at least three years' journa- 
listic experience. (Ref. 9816/T) 
For both positions, good 
microphone voice and current 
driving licence essential. 

Contact us immediately for 

RADIO application form (quote ref. and 
Wears an eqwi enclose s.a.e. ) BSC Appointments, 

opportunities employer London WIAIAA/Tel: 01-9275799. 

23 iei 

46+2 nd 
160 -10 

3-3 /J 

590 '.et 
2 he 

•era ring — . 
interest _ j 
ofit was — =! 
vas 781 . 

ie Ida 


I dc 



Applications are invited for one or more posts within the Conservative 
Research Department The Department's activities consist of briefing the 
Parliamentary and Constituency parties, liaising with Ministers, and pro* 
viding information required for political campaigning. 

The successful candidates) will be expected to work in the Department 
up to and beyond the next general election. They must have proven 
academic ability, political flair and a clear, terse style of written English. 
Candidates will be asked to submit written work before interview. Salary 
open to negotiaUon- 

Write with CumcuftHn Vitae to: 

The Director, 

Conservative Research Department, 

32 Smith Square, 

London SW1P 3HH 


As a result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and medium sized companies, be they financial, commercial or 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort is offered. 

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And as your skills get left behind, so do you. 

But there is one positive way to Keep anead of tne field — and De 
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By taking up one of the many 'leading edge new technology 

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than 1500 places, at all levels from HNCto Masters degre e a t _ 
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Tftames, Surrey KT1 1NP. 

uemano iimciy uc i nyi i m uk ■■ 

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TC: New ■technology training, FREEPOST London SE5 7SP 

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Business Systems 

West London To £22,000 + Car 

The company, a UK subsidiary of a leading US Group manufacturing and 
selling mini, micro and desk top computers internationally, is seeking a key 
individual for its Management Information Systems Division. 

Reporting directly to rhe head of MIS. you will be responsible for on 
experienced team developing major systems related to the customer services 

In this respect you will need previous experience at project leader level in 
the development of substantial mini computer systems, good business analysis 
skills and the ability ro motivate staff under your control and communicate 
effectively with users at all levels. 

You should be aged 28/32 and looking for a move ro a company where 
yourdrive and energy will be rewarded both in terms of remuneration and 
future advancement. 

To apply, please write or telephone Brian Burgess quoting Ref: BB079. 

I ln\Arl International 

iLIU VVJ Search and Selection 

I. n^rarriAn IMNewItandStreetLcwtanWIYOHR 
ICL|~S1 1 lCil 1 Telephone 01-408 1670 

^= 1 = 1 Associates 

IbONew Bond Street London WIYQHR 
Telephone- 01 -408 1670 




(Musical testaments) 
Salary Neg. £12.000 
- £15,090 P-a. 

_ior successful pwate comMity 
iso fisjme lo.) enjpged m (he 
wftotasate/retaii of a spnaksi 
range of orchestral mstnarwits. 
Tins is a new. apartment and 
wide rinqxig respansMmes wdl 
include accarts. database and 
gmeral managenwot together 
with purctiasnj. budgetary, 
credit and stock control. Empha- 
sis is placed on a personal 
hands on' approach. 

ApphaiK may be either strongly 
monvated. partony quaUed ac- 
carants looking tor career 
development m a snail specialist 
prmnmon or possbiy prema- 
turely retired sereor executives 
wan the experience to take on 
ths comprehensive work load. 
Benefits nebde consataabie au- 
tonomy. a share scheme and me 
prospect ot warty appa u it m em to 
the operating board 

Write wdh tv. a Managing Di- 
rector. Massey's Executwa 
Selection. 100 Baker St. London 
Wl. Tel 01-935 6581. 

SKI LCADCHS ami resort staff 
France and Austria, fidi and 
partscason group leaders, 
nurses and housekeepers want- 
ed la care I or cnMdren and 
Mutts. Applicant must be en- 
Ihusiastlr skins weak some 
Frmcli or German and nave ex- 
perience with youth groups. 
Free skiing and reasonable pay. 
Send (or apptuuon form to: 
winter Adventure Holidays. 
37 to com Street. Witney. 
Oxen 0X8 7BW. 




Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN 5TB.Tei: 01-631 4411. 
8 MathewStreet. Liverpool L2 6RE. 
TeL 051-236 1724 — . 



negotiable to 
c£17,000 pins Car 

Our client is a leading manufacturer of 
maintenance access equipment for high rise 
buadings. A growing oidei book has created 
. the need to reoud aSenktr Mechanical Design 

ttesponsfofe for a desda office ofseven, 
candidates should irieaflybe educated to 
degree standard and haveexperienoeof 
construction industry appficafions. Suitable 
backgrounds would include the lift industry, 
towemanes, mobile aanes orworkon 
fumkey contracts with a mechanical content 

The remuneration package is suffiriendy 
negotiable to attract suable candidates 

Far informal discussion and/or to obtain 
comprehensive written background 
trion n a tio n please telephone or send your 
e« to Peter Nidsen. 

359/ 361 Eastern Road, London NW1 3AUK 
Telephone 0 1 -387 6667 quoting 



London Based 

Up to £18,500 + benefits 

London Transport International is the wholly 
owned but commercially independent subsidiary 
Company of London Regional Transport providing 
consultancy services In all aspects of planning, 
design, operation and management of urban 
mass transport systems and facilities. 

’■ As part of its policy to expand, the Company is 
preparing to re-establish its presence in South 
America and wishes to appoint an experienced 
executive to manage existing prelects in Mexico 
and to identify and develop new business in 
Central and South America. 

The job calls for a high degree of commercial 
awareness, motivation and commilment to build- 
ing a high and profitable level of consultancy 
business in this important market place. 

A good standard of education with a proven 
track record in commercial negotiation and 
management is required. Knowledge of transpor- 
tation consultancy and some experience of 
working overseas is also essential. Professional 
training in a relevant discipline is desirable and 
fluent Spanish is essential. The post Is based in 
London with travel overseas as required. 

The salary on appointment will be withm the 
range of £13,000 to £18,500 depending on ability 
and experience, with further progression depend- 
ent on performance. Attractive benefits package 
Including free/concessionary rate travel. 

London Transport 
*Sr International 

Applicants should write enclosing CV to: 

Jane Cakebread (CDV 7245/E). 55 Broadway, 
London SW1H OBD. 



with administrative experience far Central 
London office. Ability to wort: under pressure 
essential. Basic understanding and commit- 
ment to pro-defcnce issues. Salary c £8.000 
□eg. Apply with full CV and referrees to: 

The Chairman, 


45 Bloomsbury Square, 

London WC1A 2RA. 


' Succesful and enthusiastic young safes people prepared 
to work hard and earn £30,000+ and enjoy a super 

Throe with an interest and even an ability in any sport 
will be especially welcome. 

If you are angle aged between 22-30 and confident you 

S? ID?®. A ■ for Jwn Hodgson of International 
Property Marketing at the 

Holiday Inn Sfoane Street, 

Chelsea, London SW1. 

> Bet weenn team and 5pm on 
Saturday May 31st or Sunday June 1st 


cl 6k + banking benefits 

Major city based financial institution offers a career opportunity to COBOL or PL/1 pro- 
grammers for security trading systems development on Stratus or Data general equipment 

Telephone 01-236 0091 
or submit your CV to the address below. 


11/13 Dowgate Hill, Cannon Street, London EC4 

TTa Gafcry is totaled in a new buttoig on Brebane's South Bank. 

lues, sxt units and drawings and a decorative arts collection In 
several media Coflecaon policy hi inese and «her potential areas is 
currently under review. 

The GaDery has a total start of approxanatelv 100, inducing curators, 
conservators, and officers for educatnn services, extensions, and 
promotion An extensive system of volunteers guides is in operation. 
The poabon of Director has recently become vacant. 

Applicants should barn: 

* a sound knoate dm of at hist ory a nd whe at scholarship. 

* proven managerial competence Sid entrepreneurship, 

* abtty lo establish and maintain good working relationships. 

* atxSty to negobare naturally and mtematonaUy for si works 
add extubitnns. 

* commitment to the Gallery's educational and extension 

CrmfiGen: A renewable contract of 19 to seven years wDI be 
negotiated at a salary of SAUS47.780 per annum plus a range of 
additional benefits. Superannuation ts avertable. The successful can- 
Mate will be requred lo take up duty as soon as possible, but not 
later than the end ol 1986 

ApificaBoasdetailrig qualifications and expenence and xicfudmg the 
names and addresses ol at least two pndessmnal referees from 
whom confident reports may be sought should be forwarded to 
Professor Ken Goodwin. Chatman. 

Trustees' Search Committee. Queensland 
Art Gaflsry. South Bark. South Brisbane. A 
Queensland 4101 Australia bv 31 July 1986 [V 
More soeofic information may be obtained ( ^ 

tram Mr Alan Wilson. (617) 240 7337. \ 


$<^3. £7,551 to £8,073 p-a. inc. 

Are you a hard-working person who can 
cope with a variety of administrative and 
clerical tasks? (f so, we need you to join 
a friendly team working in the Parks and 
Cemeteries Section. You will be respon- 
sible for anything from the computer- 
ised sports bookings to the exacting 
statutories service. As we work as a 
team, you may also be asked to help 
with reception duties and a little typing. 
The job is based in pleasant offices In 
Bishops Park, Fulham, SW6. 

Application forms from London Bor- 
ough of Hammersmith and Fulham, 
(Personnel), Town Hall Extension, King 
Street, London, W6 9JU. Tel: 01-741 
0904 (24 hour answering service) quot- 
ing ref: RPCHQ25. Closing date: 30th 
May 1986. 


vPiilhrmn A 11 Eqpjaf Opportunity Empfayar 

Outstanding opportunities^ 
outstanding location. 

If you are a bright and ambitious young solidtoi; either recently 
qualified or just finishing broadly based articles, we have opportunities 
for you to develop your potential in commercial property work. 

One of the largest firms in the South West, Bond Pearce can provide 
you with the type of environment you need - either at our new and 
growing office in Exeter or in Plymouth, both among the most attractive 
locations in the country. 

Enthusiasm and hard work will be rewarded by a good salary and 
excellent prospects. 

If you’d like to have an informal discussion on what Bond Pearce has 
to offer; ring John Price on 0752 266633 or write to him at 1 The Crescent; 
Plymouth, PL1 3AE to arrange a Dr\vrr\ TIT’’ A 

meeting in London, Exeter or IjUJMU FdAKLe 

Plymouth. ~ Solicitors 

'•'* -ABEFI ER,LIFE>U ! 



Central London pensions and insurance 
underwriting group offers Initial income 
and s penalised sales training to three or 
four exceptionally able people. Rare oppor- 
tunity for presently bed-down prospective 
adventurers to achieve a rewarding career 
and job satisfaction. 

Telephone: Dr. Bentley on 
01-631 4087 


Leading Kensington Estate Agents. Saunders of Ken- 
sington, are now able to recruit further trainee safes 
executives. Excellent training and high earning potential. 

Telephone:- TONY COE: 

01 581 3623 

fTT-! ; 

Masson Seeley now offer with their sign 
making equipment full tuition advice and 
experience on how to set up a complete 
business in sign manufacture and selling. 
To take advantage contacts should be 
directed to:- 

Colin Mason 

Masson Seeley and Co. Ltd 

Downham Market 
Tet 0366 382511 
Telex: 81477 

13 Lincoln’s Inn Fields 

London WC2A 3BP 

Senior Warding post responsible to the Curator for 
ail secrurity matters in this famous small museum. 
Applicants age 45-60 only. Supervising duties of 
about 12 warders and cleaning staff; control of front 
door, handling desk-sales and resulting accounts, 
issuing stores. Key post requiring tact, firmness, a 
welcoming image, and potential tor devotion to a 
much-loved institution. 3-room flat; low rent Civil 
Service pay and pension scales, Warder Grade V 
(about £8,000 including London Weighting) 

Written applications only; fullest details. Addresses, of 
two character referees required. 

Closing date 10th June. 

1 I P I. IH< M-* 

1 . . I I 

. 1 ' r 


Assistant Accountant required by metropoli- 
tan Essex based group of private companies. 
Applicant need not be qualified but should 
have a good knowledge of company and trust 
accounts. Personal position responsible to 
Managing Director. Assistance with housing 
if required. 

Please reply to Box No. E01 

imestmew iTCv>®tj.!(ixrt. Schroder tnrocaJ namat- 
mw prandn at uaqpatM) <ni rampretaraive mn ot financial santcet 
wtuOi fuUy reflects tfe Sdiroder traritaof ttaafetca 
The ttal apptaam ^ «9*2B » 55 enfenca of pantos area 
y opM^Mt taidKi atioirifciaagtieeeaaful new venture wWi a 
well esttosM company, lor tnttur petals please contact Ato Moss. 

01-882 8S8S 

Career Crisis? 

^rnaytiemthewningK*-lmurtfitfa«5lam5«KTO or haw 
been made redundant Our unkitttacJiQn-4)rien^ 
tailoralproflramme torsenwr executives wiflensurethat 
vouaoamvaur career objectivesqurckly'. ■ '• 

To arrant afree.confidentiai dtscussion uieptxmDI^ai-'ttlO 

Ertecutiue fiction 

37 Queen Anne Street. London WiM9fBWe»^ 295693 




The Board serves an area .with a popula- 
tion of approximately 34.000 on the West 
Coast of the Sooth Island. The -area; is 
noted for its unspoiled natural beauty and 
spectacular scenery, and it offers, a variety 
of outdoor recreational activities: y 

If you are looking for a change of scene, 
and you. are a registered Physiotherapist, 
with a minimum of two years post-basic 
graduate experience, then, we would lik&to 
hear from you. 

The position advertised is based at BuUer 
Hospital, WestporL The successful appli- 
cant will be involved in physiotherapy 
assessment and treatment of patients in the 
home environment in addition to. amus- 
ing cbnics in the community and Haisjftg 
with other medical/healthcare personnel 
within the hospital and. in the community. 

Salary Scale:. NZ$25^)00 - 825,700. 
Single accommodation ‘ Is aviflable *if 

The Board may assist in transport and re- 
moval expenses to New Zealand 

Conditions of appointment and an ofifi^l 
application form can be obtained from the 
Chief Executive, West Coast 'HospSal 
Board, P.Q. Box .387, Greyroouth, N^w 
Zealand,:to -whom applications should *be 
addressed. - - - - It 

DAY MAY 29 1986 

We are looking for more talented, hard-working 
engineers who think the British construction 
mdustry can stand improvement. 


Ake Larson Construction Limited {ALQ is a subsidiary of A ke Larson 
Corntructiori AB, a highly successful Swedish-based company which 
specialises in project and, construction management for the building 
industry - 

Our unique contractual approach makes impossible for us to actes 
partners with our clients (the owners). We provide overall project 
management, co-ordinate design work, solicit large numbers of sub- 
contracts based on competitive tenders and manage sub- 
contractors at the construction site. 

Our record shows that we always stay on budget and schedule 
even though we build more economically and faster than our 

Project Manager 

You are 35 to 40 years of age and will report to the Managing 
Director. You must be capable of gaining the confidence of dients 
and be highly skilled ‘m the management of architects, consulting 
engineers, subcontractors and our own staff. Your background 

experience is with a large general contractor, managing design and 
build contracts. Salary, company car, pension scheme and other 
benefits negotiable. 

Contracts Engineer 

You will report to the Project Manager. You are skilled at 
negotiating subcontracts, motivated to work with computers and 
efficient at handling paperwork. You will be responsible for all 
tendering, contracting, correspondence with contractors, cost 
monitoring and reporting within a project. Salary, company car, 
pension scheme and other benefits negotiable. 

Site Manager 

You wifl work at the construction site and report to the Project 
Manager. You are skifled in the day-to-day management of 
subcontractors and in detailed scheduling of construction work. 
Paperwork does not pile up on your desk because you expedite 
routine work in a fast and orderly manner. Your background 
experience is with a general contractor where you have learned to 

deal with a large number of subcontractors working side-by-side at 
the construction site. You have a well developed sense for quality 
work and are familiar with construction details that will ensure their 
accomplishment. Experience with refurfaishments of old buildings is 
a plus. Salary, company car and pension benefits negotiable. 

For further information, please contact Tom Bilden, Managing 
Director, 01-831 0051 or lan Robertson on 01-935 2518 between 
6 p.m. and 8 p.m. 

Please address your application to: 
lan Robertson 
SES Ltd 

14 St. Christopher's Place 
London W1M 5HB. 

Ake Larson Construction Ltd. 

44/45 Chancery Lane London WC1A 1JB. 

s were 
Soft on 

strad- . 
* ? p ; 

ring at 


nd 03 

r-7 per :>n 

They’re rebuilding 


T his is an exciting time to be working in the City. 

A revolution is taking shape and the speed of 
change increases daily as the City is‘rebu3t’ for 

Computer systems are die key to success 
and naturally Admiral is involved there too. 
Working with some of the most important ■ 
institutions in the City, we are designing and 
implementing on-line trading and settlement 
systems that will match the needs of the new 
financial markets. 

As one of the leading UK. software houses, 
Admiral is involved in many other Gelds where 
the speed and integrity of computer systems are 
vital, such as energy, transportation, process 
control and defence. Systems involved include 
DEC, Tandem, IBM, 2CL and Hewlett Packard. 

If you are interested in furthering your 
career in software, then you should be talking to 
us. Admiral has an impressive record of growth 
and offers individuals with ambition the chance 
to make an immediate impact 
The people we are looking forwifl have a degree 

or equivalent qualification, experience of on-line 
systems and be capable of taking immediate 

Admiral offers generous benefits such as a 

non-contributory pension scheme. 

life insurance and free — - — «■ \ 

“ hipof rnssypi 

If you can \ 

meet the challenge \ 
of working in a 
young, disciplined \ 

company, please \ £20k + — 

telephone or write to \ 

Terry Jones at — " 

Admiral Computing Group Limited, 

15 Victoria Avenue, Camberley, 

Surrey GU153JH. aEPk 

Telephone: (0276) 682651/61167. 

ue, Camberley. 

5)682651/61167. ffSS 


Chief Executive 


The diem, an eflabfofttd International Cfcmpany with marketing nd 
production units in the USA. Canada and Ireland, manufrclures. 
supplies and installs bqfa quality stainless steel commercial kitchen 
equipment for the food industry. Due to continued market demand a 
new UK m anu facturing, facility is being cel up in the Midlands. 

Operations Manager coajM + cv-fiefBZM* 

Reporting to the Managing Director, responsibilities will 
include initial setting up. management of aD personnel and 
for that production is achieved within specified 

timescale to the required quality and cost standards. 
Candidates aged 30-45 will have production supervisory 
experience in a modem stainless sled manufacturing 
environment with emphasis on quality. Previous experience 
of setting up production facilities would be advantageous 
and candidates must have a sound IR background. 

Production Engineer dusot - a* mm? 

Reporting u> the Operations Manager, responsibility is for 
the entire engineering function including planning layouts, 
designing units and providing estimates in line with plant 
capability, ensuring that customer requirements and quality 
standards are met and maintained w the highest level, and 
for technical liaison with other group companies. Candidates 
aged 25-30 will be mechnaical/electrica] engineers with at 
least four years hands-on experience in the stainless steel 

Personal qualities far both 
pwi u iiBii i ftiM cHB« mod sc 

■"•**■*» excellent inter p er sonal and 

P-E Consulting Services 

©K Warwick Road, SoHhnU, Want Midlands, B813DX TU.-0Z1-2058Z38 

Could you make 
Financial Directors Listen? 

Up to £10,000 + commission London based 

Busy people Financial Directors — short of rime and often patience. 

But providing you have the rigftr approach drey should listen, for you'll be 
selling a unique, cost-effective media service that would save diem time • 
and money. Initially your approach would be by phone, but gradually as 
you gained experience, you would move on to personally fallow up 
your calls. 

A succinct, yet friendly telephone manner is required, and someone 
with a persuasive yet subtle approach. 

Aged 22-26, A level/graduate educated, some commercial experience 
is essential though this need not necessarily have been in selling. 

Phone Jeff Bennett direct on 01-741 8011 at Hallmark, the 
recruitment specialists for the financial world. 

erry of London 

Guildhall School of Music and Drama 
Silk Street Barbican, London, EC2Y 8DT 

Head of 
Opera Studies 

This post becomes vacant in August. The Head of Opera 
Studies is responsible to the Principal far the planning and 
overall management of the internationally recognnised 
Opera Course at the GufldHaO School. As well as admin- 
istrative ability, the candidate must be able to bring a 
wide professional experience of opera to the course and 
offer some creative involvement in production appropri- 
ate to ibis experience. 

This is a staff post and is pensionable 
Contact the Director of Administration (Mr. G. Derby- 
shire) immediately for further details and an application 
form. Tet 01-628 2571 



Perception and initiative are essential qualities 
together with a minimum of two years experi- 
ence controlling the temporary section of a 
London based employment agency. 

As a small successful specialist employmnent 
agency dealing with both permanent part-time 
and temporary posts we offer a competitive sal- 
ary and good conditions. Hours 9.00 - 5.00 daily. 

Please apply in writing to 

Julia Mclndoe 
Part Time Careers Ltd 
10 Golden Square 
London W1R 3AF 

Editorial Cost Accountant 

The Conte Nasi Pubtications Ltd an lookina for an Editorial cost 
Accountant to work on VOGUE Magazaie. This is a now appoint- 
ment and the ideal candidate mH be aged 25 - 35 with a business 
related degree and the ability to work wen with both editorial and 
fviarae departments. Responstaidies nrfl /nclutte the preparation of 
Hftona! budgets and cost reports within a computerised accounting 

B you are interested could you please write (enclosing lull CUuicu- 
km Vitae) to: Miss Barbara Tons, Personnel Director, Vogue 
House, Hanover Square. London W1R DAD. 


For expanding cleaning company. Greater Lon- 
don area. Cleaning experience preferred but 
training given. OTE £14,000+ jml Travel allow- 
ance given. Good promotion prospects. 

Phone 01-747 3522 for application form. 

46+2 nd 

■eraung — : 
interest _ j 
ofit was 
vas 781 . 


Micro Sales OTE £30K+ car 

TNs Systems Hbuset well known to the UNK motet 
ptaca requires 3 young micro territory sates 

peopte wtowish tobe?ratoedtotoamii&-i^ 

S4LES SUPPORT people Modes BCK to £HQ ore 
also lagenHy required .with UMX BOS or 
networking abites. 

Solution Safes OTE £35fC + car 

A major American miniimcBrfranrB iw 
wifh training schemes & promotional prospects 
second to nana is eager to engage top fflgtt 
Solution sates types. Successful cancfcfctes w» 
have Dstrfouton or Manufacturing industry 

enjoy Blue Ctbp company benefits. Positions exist 

IBM Leasing OTE S50K+ BMW 

Mdu have successfii sates experience to ihe EM 
rntoirtnatotarna environment but your earnings 
potential is frustrated. Why not consider fhe worid 
of tearing? Putting together deals can be os 
exaftrg as selfirtg the systems themselves, and 
can afco bring earnings into Ihe EfiOk brocket 

Support Consultants £16fC 4* car 

Vbu are under 3<toteffigententhusk£ac and able 

or financial Appficafion experience to a 4th 
Generation Language environment and wish to 
work tor a major IT software manufacturer to 
LONDON of totemafionai repute. \bur career wflf 
then progress you into quota Sates or Savor 
Consultancy. - 




The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar House, Grow®* Race, Loadoa, NW7 3SA 
Telephone: 01-959 1198/3611 (9583131 wangs} 

Chns Kraus how* 

GO otoer sates 


An established consultancy ® tootingfor 
mieltigent and ambitious men and women aged 
22+ m th drive, miuavve and good 
asmmunrcaifje sfufis. copin them as trainee 
sates executives. £ 7.000 fofimtiabfe regulated 
e 3 mings scheme). Or. ha/set urst year earnings 
£12,000. Phone idrd&ah. 


■■■Starts bora - with high earnings - 
£12,000+ tor an on target performance inyour 
-+tist year -a regulated earnings scheme of £7,000 
"negotiable - excellent tramiiq - early manage- 
. merit opportunities - the backing of a £4 billion 
alternation^ financial services group. » 

'If you're anbitious, weH-spoken, and aged 22 andi 

1?. Phone - 01-83© 3002. 


R E S 1 D 




Oar continued growth and expanrioa has resulted in 
vacancies for experienced NEGOTIATORS in oar 
require energetic and enthusiastic people to join oar 
tain. A driving licence is essential. Please ipply new 
with foil C.V. lo: 

Christine Dans. Area Director - Lettiass, 

48 Caunagfct Street. London W 2 ZAB. 


6-l4fM ScMctact-ftospas 
15-24 yn Jefafufcng.axaxsi 
25 34 vn AdtammeLiwnn 
35-54 «r£2af Cum Mtaadarer 

AtMsnmtt wd tWdMea tor 
■it aga*. f iMbredwte. 



otlce rrtiBtksmeM la ray el 


6 fSchnmd MB, fadunowL 


TKBK TMME Uawm re- 
OUUrd £7 OOO n«Q. nttUUKd 
tiamiiw trtvrroe. muut 1 st 

mr niSLOOa Kina 

01*23 8872 

nor Rewonse. w,oni mall 
bad actKe chanty atualM on 
UM> SW Irlntn or LonOMi. We 

IMtarra far young Uvrty Es- 
tate Agemi m Baenra. Car 
artier esaenusl- Salary decant- 
ing la (ft Ml experience. 

Telephone: OI-22B 9268 Ref 

France ana Aintru (or winter 
apeak local Irnguam- Appa- 
ratus wad to he aro ng on 

arpanUttan and managing a 
(earn. Bay and COBdWOn* good. 
Aortv tn wnnua to : wirarr Ad- 
vmure Houoays. S7-W Cora 
Street. Witney. Ocpn oxhtbw. 

City Researcher 


London W1 to £10,000 

Due to our expanding operations, Lloyd Chapman Associates, a 
leading International Search and Selection company, have an 
immediate opening for a Researcher with knowledge of the City and 
its institutions. 

We need a person capable of identifying and locating relevant 
target candidates, ensuring the successful completion of specific 
assignments, and developing our expanding data base. 

The successful candidate will have a minimum of one year's 
relevant research experience and ideally will be working in a similar 
environment at present. If you are bright, dynamic and capable of 
working to tight deadlines as part of a professional team in a progressive 
company, then please send your Leslie Bensley. 

I ln\/H International 
/— iM vY>» _ ^ Search and Selection 

I nPI MTllH fl 160 New Bond Street. London WIYOHR 

VJItUa/I 1 IWlI I TfetephonerOI -408 1670 

mmmmmSmSSm 1 Associates 

(Onrwoncer) Wuud tor DM 
irantnr work, fterty to BOX 


Upgrade your tupmcncr and 
cornmas wMft uii. As a leading 
HKaw arrountaocy rcerull- 
iwni co we Oder packages to 
£30.000 + ear + p«rk* (Or me 
rwM DMpte. CaH in con B dence 
Mr. M. Oranch on 01 -493 7167. 

YOUMO. AimCULATT salK pec 
He. Cnancery PubOrattons w« 
DMp you io eomnuawn nm- 
Uto* « LlflO - £600 pw. 
JUndouere adl John Walters on 
T«l; 01-831 1131 • 

Search and Selection 

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PAGE 33. 


! I 

~ Si; 

1 1| 





May 28: The Queen held a 
Council at 6 pm. 

There were present: the Lord 
Hails ham of St Maryiebone 
(Lord Chancellor, acting for the 
Lord President of the Council), 
the Right Hon Nicholas Ridley, 
MP, the Right Hon Kenneth 
Baker, MP and the Right Hon 
John Moore. MP. 

The following took the Oath 
of Office, kissed hands upon 
appointment and received the 
Seals of Office: the Right Hon 
Kenneth Baker (as Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence). the Right Hon Nicholas 
Ridley (as Secretary of State for 
the Environment) and the Right 
Hon John Moore (as Secretary 
of State for Transport). 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was in 
attendance as Clerk of the 

The Lord Hailsham of St 
Maryiebone had an audience of 
Her Majesty before the CounciL 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Co lone I -in-Chief. The 
Royal Scots (The Royal Regi- 
ment). visited the 1st Battalion 
in SenneLager, West Germany 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Mrs Malcolm Wallace, trav- 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Baroness Hooper (Baroness 
in Waiting) was present at 
Gatwick Airport, London this 
afternoon upon the departure of 
His Excellency U Ne Win and 
Madam Ne win of the Socialist 
Republic of the Union of Burma 
and bade them farewell on 
behalf of Her Majesty. 
May 28: The Prince of Wales, 
Duke of Cornwall, visited the 
Centra] District of the Duchy 

His Royal Highness, later 
returned to Heathrow Airport, 



Mr SL St P. Borridge 
and Miss C. R. Barkes 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr 
James Burridge, of Ab-Kettleby, 
Leicestershire, and Mrs Tim 
Seely, of Great Barugh, North 
Yorkshire, and Chinflla, only 




London in an aircraft of The 
Queen's flight. . 

The Princess of Wales visited 
the County Show of the Suffolk ' 
Agricultural Association at the 
County Showground, Ipswich. 
Suffolk today. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Miss Alexandra Loyd and 
Lieutenant-Commander - Rich- 
ard AylarcL RN, travelled in an 
aircraft of Hie Queen's Flight 
May 28: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon today 
opened the new High-Tech 
Building of Wilson, Hughes and 

Partners (Data Sciences) Lim- 
ited in Ruislip, Middlesex. 

The Hon Mrs Whitehead was 
in attendance. 

May 28: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester, Air Chief Com- 
mandant. Women's Royal Air 
Force, this afternoon visited the 
WRAF Hostel, Gloucester 
House, at 29 . Pemb rid ge Gar- 
dens, London. 

Mrs Michael Harvey was in 

The Duke of Gloucester, as 
Patron, of the Education 
Foundation for Visual Aids, this 
morning received Mr Gerald 
Marcham on his retirement as 
Director of the Foundation. . 

In the evening His Royal 
Highness was present at a 
concert sponsored by Legal and 
General on the occasion oflheir 
150th Anniversary given by the 
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 
at the Royal Festival Hall, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 
May 28: Princess Alexandra this 
afternoon inaugurated the new 
factory of Buckingham Coalings 
Limited at Tingewick Road. 

Lady Angela Whiteley was in 

“ st*'- 




Banker who established the Midland Bank 
on the international scene 

'jG'i S t'i/r . ■ t'ur n m w . . 

aft B* t i ' 



K- "M 

A potential bidder takes a closer look at a composition of early eighteenth century stone 
figures at Sotheby's first sale of garden statuary and architectural items at Billingshurst 
Sussex, yesterday* (Photograph: Hairy Kerr) 

Sale room 

Gardening the Sotheby’s way 

By Geraldine Norman, 
Sale Room Correspondent. 

A new market was bom at 
Sotheby's Billingshurst sale 
room yesterday with the firm's 

first- specialist sale of garden - century copy of the famous 
furniture. Prices .went through classical sculpture known as 

D HOUSE LODGE the roof. 

So*e 80 per cent of the 
SdffiS! Oaiings toyers Ppvzie people 

Tinaewick Road, buying decorations for their 
l own gardens so there was no 

;ela Whiteley was in consistency in prices. 

Size was coveted since a big 

. . , __ statue can render a vista 

memond sHTflcr for Dr important. A white marble 

rist Ch^rii oibE -column with a nymph crouch- 

ing on top of it. eight foot high first edition of The Comma - 
and dating from around 1 880, nisi Manifesto for £26,400 
sold for £31,900 (estimate (estimate .£13,000 - £18,(500). 
£5,000 - £8,000) to a Dutch It is one of the rarest books in 
buyer while an eighteenth the world: three copies of the 
century copy of the famous first issue are known and 11 of 
classical sculpture known as . the second issue, including 
the Apollo Belvedere, also this one. Written by Marx and 
eight fool high, scored £19.250 Engels it was published in 
(estimate £8,000 -£12,000). London in 1848. This copy 

A pair of nineteenth century * 

nf fl bronze vase mod- organization in Germa- 

eight fool high, scored £19.250 Engels it was published in 
(estimate £8,000 -£12,000). London in 1848. This copy 

A pair of nineteenth century * 

copies of a bronze vase mod- ^ organization in i Germa- 

elled by Gaude Ballin for AfthJ 

Versailles were of superb qual- 

ity and made £26.400 (esti- pnvale Hebrew hbranes. The 

J ram aaa. ' . mnmmn C9IP nr nAftlr oiv! 

Sir Malooio W2cox,.CBE,. 
who spent his entire ’working 
live wiih the .Midland - Bank, 
died, in London on Miay 23, 
aged 64, following a short . 

Malcolm George Wilcox 
was bom on June 3, 1921, and' 
educated .at Wallasey Gram- 
mar SchooL He entered the 
Midland in Liverpool in. 1938 
but, • with war imminent, 
joined the Territorial Army 
the following year. 

During the war years he 
served with the Royal Artil- 
lery, the Royal Horse Artillery 
and on the General Staff 
Wilcox was a talented and 
experienced professional 
banker and he rose through 
the bank to become its joint 
general manager in 1967.- By 
1972 be was assistant drief 
general manager and, two 
years later, was appointed 
chief general manager, a post 
which he held until 1981. 

His incumbency at the top . 
was a period that saw expan- 
sion of the international side 
of the bank, marked by the 
acquisition of Crocker Na- 
tional Bank in 1980. 

It was a bold move for a 
clearing bank that had previ- 
ously relied extensively on its 
correspondent . relationship. 
The international banking 
community had never seen 
anythingqurtelike iL 
The deal -{he -preferred to 
call it an investment, not a ' 
takeover) was a personal tri- 
umph for Wilcox who, when 
he took over as chief general . 

manager, Was given The unen- 
viable task, of estabfishing-the 
bank internationally. 

Frequently working a seven 
day week, he tramped the 
world opening representative 
offices and braraAes aiKT gen- 
erally putting Midland's name 

on the map. - 

Wilcox had many interests 
beyond the world of banking, 
notably in the -fields of educa- 
tion, an and industry. . 

The theatre was one of his 
abiding loves, and as a Gover- 
nor of the Royal Shakespeare 
Company he was deeply in- 
volved in all aspects of the 
company. - 
He was also a member of 
the National Enterprise 
Board; the University Admis- 
sions Board; a director of the 

Costain Group; chairman of 
Inmos. the microchip firm; 
and Chairman of the Court 
and Council of the City Uni- 

- Hi&unrivalkd experience as 
a banker caused him to be 
modi sought after by other 
banks for his wisdom and 
advice. He served with di$- , 
Unction on the boards off.. 
PRXVATbanken A/S, the 
Bank of Bermuda and as one 
of. the- United Kingdom's 
nominees on the board of the 
European Investment Bank. 

He was Chairman of the 
. Finance Houses Association 
from 1970-72, the first clear- 
ing banker to hold the post He 
was also a long serving mem- 
ber of the Council of the 
Institute of Bankers, being its 
president from 1977-79. 

In ail these activities Wilcox 
had ihe abrfrty to draw togeth- 
er the threads of discussions 
among people of diverse back- 
grounds and nationalities in 
such 2 way that agreements^' 
coukl be reached when all ' 
seemed lost. 

It is a tribute to his skills 
and thorough preparation that 
he was able to contribute sn 
effectively in so many areas. 

He was made an MBE fmiL) 
in 1943, a CBE in 1979 and 
received a knighthood in 

His many friends and col- 
leagues throughout the. City 
and on the many boards on 
which he sat will miss his 
skills, knowledge and determi- 

Humphrey Sutherland will be 
held in Christ Church Cathe- 
dral, Oxford, on Wednesday, 
July 9, 1986, at noon. 

Mr J.EJD. Vickers 
and Miss MA Rose 
The engagement is announced 
between James, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T. D. Vickers, of 
Worplesdon, Surrey, and Mo. 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs B. 
G. Rose, of WaminglkL Sussex. 
Mr M.P.M. Walker 
and Miss JJL. Dodson 
The engagement is announced 
between Mervyn Peter Michael 
elder son of Dr Richard Walker, 

male £4.000 - £6,000). 

In London Sotheby's sold a 

morning sale of books and 
manuscripts made £377,740 
with 19 percent left unsold. 


daughter of Mr Bryan Barkes, of of Galmpton, South Devon, and 

Wimbledon, London, and Mrs 
Roddy Owen, of Ponhwgan, 
Wrexham, CTwyd. 

Mr PJR. de Pass 

and Miss C-J. Collins 

The engagement is announced 

Mrs Elizabeth Walker, of 
Charlton, Hampshire, and Jane 
Leila, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Michael Dodson, of 
Northington Down, Hampshire. 
Mr A.H. YVarby 

between Philip Robert, son of and Miss J.C Lavers 

Lieutenant Commander and 
Mis Robert de Pass, of New 
Grove, Petwonh, Sussex, and 
Clarissa Julia, daughter of Mr 

The engagement is announced 
between Adam, son of Mr and 
Mrs David Warby, of 
Almondsbury, Bristol and Jane, 

Fawcett book prize Birthdays today 

The 1986 Fawcett book prize. Sir Douglas Black, 73; Sir 
worth £500, has been awarded Kenneth Couzens, 6k Major- 
to Marina Warner for Mono- General T. H. F. Foulftes, 78; 

and Mrs Malcolm Collins, of daughter of Mr and Mrs Brian 
Fullarton Courtyard, Troon, Lavers, of Clemsfold, Sussex, 


Mr O.M. Reid 
and Miss ILL Grant-Softie 
The engagement is announced 
between Ogden Mills, son of Mr 
and Mrs Ogden Reid, of Pur- 
chase, New York, and Roxana 
Idonea, younger daughter of Mr 

and Knightsbridge, London. 

Mr M.C. Wright 
and Miss GP. Wicks 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael only son of 
Mr and Mrs Arthur Wright, of 
Higham Ferrers, Northampton- 
shire, and Pippa, only daughter 

and Mrs Ian Grant-Suttie, of of Mr and Mrs Brian Wicks, of 

Woodstock, Vermont. 

Lacey Green, Buckinghamshire. 

Births, Marriages, 

The 1986 Fawcett book prize, 
worth £500, has been awarded 
to Marina Warner for Monu- 
ments and Maidens (Weidenfeld 
& Nicolson) 

The judges, Margaret Drab- 
ble. Jenny Uglow and Katharine 
Wbttehom. chose the book for 
its originality, depth of scholar- 
ship and the quality of writing. 

The book takes a look at 
images of women from Athene 
to the Statute of Liberty, from 
Marianne to Mix Margaret 
Thatcher and examines the way 
they have been shaped through 
history, where and why they are 
used and how they work. 

Church news . 

The Rev T. A. Lewis, Rector. 
Aston Clinton with Buckland 
and Drayton Beauchamp, di- 
ocese of Oxford, did not retire in 
March as stated on May 6, but is 
retiring on May 31. 

More church news, page 25 

Gardeners 9 


The following have been elected 
officers of the Gardeners' Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 

Mr A B Hj pyU. Master: His Honour G 

^^yss^st^r >MrEc 

Mr Peter Fraser, QC, MP, 41; 
Lieutenant-General Sir George 
Gordon Lennox, 78; Miss Linda 
Esther Gray, 38; Sir John 
Herbecq, 64; Sir Trevor 
Hoklsworth, 59; Mr Bob Hope, 
83; Professor Robert Knox, 82; 
Miss Beatrice Lillie, 92; Sir 
James Maijoribanks, 75; the 
Earl of Moriey, 63; Miss Nanette 
Newman, 47; Professor Arthur 
Phillips, 7<k the Earl of 
Ranfuriy, 73; Lord Reilly, 74; 
Mr Sebastian Shaw, 8k Sir 
George Terry, 65; Mr Carl 
Toms, 59; Sir Bernard Waley- 
Cohen, 72; General Sir Richard 
Worsley, 63. 

Professor Owen Hood Phil- exice proved invaluable when 
lips, QC whoriied on May 25, he ' was appointed . to the 
aged 78, was one of the most Barber Chair of Jurisprudence 
eminent constitutional law- at Birmingham in 1946 and 
yers of his generation and for found himself called to as- 
many years a leading figure in sume the Deanship in 1949. ' 
the University and City of The jg years which he 
Birmingham... served as dean witnessed a 

Owen Hoed 'Phillips was remarkable growth in the Bir- 
torn m 1907 into a naval mingham Faculty, not only in 
family. He lost his fether a numbers of students and staff; 

Surgeon-Captain) at an early but also in its reputation for 
age and was educated at sound scholarship and good 
Weymouth College and Mer- teaching, 
ton College, Oxford, where he He direcicd his team with a 
took a second class m both the light rein and allowed younger 
Honours School of Jurispru- colleagues their head in teaefa- 



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St Joint 6 1 SI 


BOMI Theresa, wife of Or EKUrtHry 
Osmam AM. on May 26(h a( Jersey 
Maternity Hospital, a son iParkj}. 

C8O0KENDCN On May 24Ui. 1986 at 
Ute Portland Hospital to ctaire (irfe 
Thome) and Jamie a son. Harry 
George, a brother In Lucy and Ben. 

Ctim On 2lsj April to Kate (nee 
Tommont and Christopher a son. Pe- 
ter. a brother for Lucy. 

CUimS On 26th May at Royal Free 
Haspttal to Georgina (nfe Arnotn and 
Richard a daughter. Harriet 

CARVALHO - On May 23rd. at Port- 
land Hospital. London, to Charlene 
and Michel, a daughter. 

DON On May 28th to Sarah mfe Er- 
sJdnet and Montagu a son. Adam, at 
Portland Hospital. 

«fa SAUTOY . On May 23rd at home to 
AUson i jkw Park) and Stephen, a son. 
T*™* | u r pwst Craig, a brother for 


JAMES - On May 24Ui at University 
College HosMtaL to EKsabeth (nee 
Bowyer) and Robert a daughier. 
Venetla Beatrice. 

JWES-PARRY On May 27m to Jac- 
oueltne (Rowland -Rouse) and David 
a son. Thomas Edward. 

■MJEOO qj, 22nd May to PoxSope 
Htfe Rends') and Norman a daugh- 
ter. Harriet, a sister for Fiona. 
Magnus. Alastalr and John. 

MEREDITH HARDY on Tuesday 13th 
May. to Mel and Nfclt a son Edward, 
a broths for Alexander. 

IWLEY On May 27th a Cnckflett 
"Wm 1 lo Anne me* BoslocKI and 
Graham a am. wiuiam John. 

On May 22M to Simon and 
Anne wee COOPS) a daughter. Amy 

•AVACE On May 24 ih to Caroline 

(nee Bidsprode) and Jeremy, a 
da ughie r. Emily Rose Ohvte. 

8P* * 986 - 10 Sera 

2 S ^^« J S!stsjar' 

ST1VEH On 27th May >986 at 
Farn borough Hospital. Kent lo Rose- 
mary and Nicholas, a daughter. 
Rowena Catherine Patricia. 

STUMP on May 28th at Westminster 
Hospital to Anne (nee Boguslawska) 
and Chris, a daughter Isabella Lea- 
rie- a stster for Jeremy. 

SUTTWt-MATTOCKS - On 18th May 
to Helen (nee Chardin) and Christo- 
pher. a daughter JuUa Clare. 

WHWPS On 17th May to Tom and 
Beverty u>4e Smith) a beautiful son. 
Bradley Thomas Charles. 

HANDLE Chi 26th May at Blackpool. 
Victoria Haspttal tq Martin and 
Karen fn*e Hard Inge) a daughier. 


KRBY AND CMTT Mr A Ktrtw. son of 
Mr and Mrs John Kirby of Sand- 
hurst- Surrey, married Miss Janice 
CbltL daughter of Mr and Mn Alfred 
Grid of Winchester. Hants, on Satur- 
day. 248i May In Vancouver. 


ANTHONY on May 27lh In her 90th 
year. Olga Mary, of Cosforth New. 
castle upon Tyne, wife of the Late 
Newsam Anthony. Funeral private. 
No .flowe rs or letters please. 

BARRETT Anthony Arthur passed 
away peacefully at home on 25th 
May after a short Illness. Lovingly 
remembered by his wife. Vera, hks 
son. daughter, mother, brother and 
sisters. Funeral service at Chelsea 
Old Church on Friday. 30th May at 
2.00 pm. Cremation at Putney vale 
Crematorium. Family flowers only 
please. Donations lo Trinity Hospice. 
A Memorial Service win be an- 
nounced at a later dale. 

BAHVE Padmala. wife of Captain 
Purshottam Barve (recently with the 
High Commission of India In London) 
passed away on 25rd May 1986 In 
Bomb ay. 

B«m Tragically In a motor aeddem 
on Monday. 26th May. Annabel Har- 
riet Ena aged 4 1/2 years, deeply 
loved younger daughter of Jonathan 
and PhiQIppa. sister lo Camilla and 
twin sister to James. The Funeral 
Service is m be held at Ute Parish 
Church or 8 l Mary. Strealley at 2.00 
Dffl on Friday. 300i May. Family 
flowers only please but donaUons 
may be sent lo Strealley Church Sun- 
day School Fund, c/o The Vicarage. 
SsreaUev. Berkshire. Please pray lor 
the full recovery of Camilla. 

COOKER On Sunday. 25th May. 1986 

suddenly and peacefully at home In 
Windsor Castle. Brigadier John 
Cbdna-. C.BX.. M.C. OateR.A). Mili- 
tary Knight of Windsor, deoriy loved 
husband of Lindsay, father of 
Michael. Lindsay, and Sally, and 
grandfather of MeUso. Ben and 
Otloe. Funeral Ssvtce at Sl 
G eorge's Chapel. Windsor an Mon- 
day. 2nd June at ZAS pm. fonowed 
by prhale cremation. Family Rower? 
only. Donations to Royal Artillery 
Benevolence Fund. Woolwich. The 
Memorial Service will be announced 

COLVW on 2601 May 1986 Babs 
peacefully m hospital widow of Hugh 
much loved by Susan. John, grand- 
children and greot-fpand daughter. 
Cremation on Monday 2nd June at 
1 1. 30 al Putney Vale. Memorial ser- 
vice at N unton. near Salisbury, lobe 
announced later. Flowers by 9-00 
a-m. to Kenyons. 132. Freston Road. 
London W.lO. 

DEL DRACO The Ambassador. Prince 
Don Marcello, at the age of 93. with 
typical reserve and courage, biased 
by the Sacraments of me Church, on 
28U> April, in the Palazzo 
Odescalchi. Piazza Sana ApostolL 

rattWUEX Heinrich e'AaOmn On 
25th May. after a short illness, aged 
SB years, interment on Friday 300t 
May. z.oopre in Turned. Essex. En- 
«uirie» to P Francis ft CO. ThaxtM. 
ad 0371 830270. 

GRANT - On May 25th. tragically In a 
road accident Valerie, aged 46 
years, of Huckenden Hally. Cadntore 
Cnd. Bucks, and Brook House Nurs- 
ing Home. V.'ooburn Green. Dariing 
wife of Leslie and dearest mother of 
Sarah. Richard and Nicholas. Funer- 
al service at SL' Paul's Orarch. 
Woobum. on Friday May 30th at 1 1 
am. Flowers may be sent lo G- Smith 
(WoobunDi telephone 0628S 23S66 l 

HEARD on 25th May 1986 in hospital 
LL Col. John Arthur Heard lArchie) 
UtttetumL BlnfieW. Darting and 
very beloved husband and wonder- 
ful companion of Peggy. Funeral. 1 
private. No floware by reouest but 
donations In . Meu for Heatherwood 
Hospital may be sent to Cvrfl H 
Lovegrove. 4 Town Square. 
Bracknell. Berkshire. 

HENDERSON Louise Emily Hall wid- 
ow of Kenneth A- Henderson, late of 

SHINE On May 27Th 1986. suddenly la 
her beloved garden. Daphne aged 78. 
widow of Colonel William Shine. 
O.BX. of Engtemere Lodge. Ascot 
Very special Mummy of Nina. Wil- 
liam and Anna and lovely Granny 
(GfgO of Alexander. Sophia. Dinny 
and Catherine. She had spent the 
previous day haopny surounded by 
all her family and she win be eior- 
moattar missed by all who knew and 
loved her. Funeral Service on Mon- 
day. 2nd June al All Saints. Ascot at 
2.00 tan. An enotUites please to 
Linn- Bannister ft Co_ Ascot 
TKALLON On Tuesday. 27th May. 
1986. Mrs. Brenda Thallon. widow 
of me lateTLE. ThaBon. peac^ully at 
Stoke Mandevme HaspltaL Ayles- 
bury. Funeral al Amenham 
Crematorium. 1.00 pm. Wednesday, 
am June. Tributes lo Guys Hospital 
Kidney UnU. please. 

-Palmerston North. New Zealand. 1 THOXNMLL On Sunday. 2Sth May 

passed away 23rd May. 1986. Cre- 
mation at ERham Crematorium 
(Falcon wood). Tuesday. 3rd June 
1986 at 2.16 pm. No Rowers. Dona- 
tions to Royal National bHtttnte for 
Ihe Deaf. 106 Gower Street. London 


JELU5S Gladys (nee Seam) peacefully 
on May 23rd. Much loved mother of 
Jacqueline and her grandchildren. 
Funeral at Abingdon church. North 
Hampton on June 2nd at 11.16 am. 
Family flowers only. Please give gen- 
erously to Age Concern. CUflonvme. 
North Hampton. Lady Mayer would 
Hlce lo thank a. Matthew's Hospital. 
North Hampton, for an their loud- 
ness to her mother and herself and 
the Sears family over a period of 
n early 60 years. 

MARMLAM) - On May 24th 1986 
Stanley O.S.E.. of 6 Hanover Place. 
Cannodc. Staffs and late of Burwood. 
Shaw HUL WhittJe-Le- Woods. 
Chortey. Peacefully aged-82 years. 
Funeral Mrvlce wm be at Penkrldge 
Parish Church followed by crema- 
bon. Family flowers only. Donations 
ndll be appreciated -for Penkndge 
Church. Details of date and time of 
lUnerai from F_J. Rostance Funeral 
Directors. Stone Cross. Penkrtdoe. 
Staflord. Tel. 078671 2246. 
MESLAM - On May 24th 1986. sud- 
denly at home. Joanna violet. Wife 
of Ihe late Colonel Louis Mediant and 
much hned mother of Jemima, 
Simon and the late Penny. Funeral al 
Oimem Crematorium. Wlueldan 
Lane. Amersham. on Monday June 
2nd al 11.30 am. Flowers or'dona- 
Uons lo ihe British Heart Foundation, 
C/O & Smith (Woobum) Lid. 7 The 
£S*». Woobum .Green. Tel: (062861 
23666. ' 

■MW FIT On Saturday. May 24th 
1986 at home. Reverend William 
Brown Moff« went beacefulty. to be 
with Hk Lord. Aged 81 years. Ser- 
vice of Thanksgtvui? at Ad Saints 
Church. Eastbourne al 1130 am on 
Monday. June 2nd. Family flowers 
only, but donations lo The Bible Soci- 
ety to provide « tees for Chma. -with 
Christ which 0 far better'. Dearly i 
loved husband, father and ; 

grandfather. i 

OLIVER on May 26th peacefully at 
Sue Ryder Heme. Netnebed. -Oxon. 
wunam Bennett Oliver, aged 63 
yeara. Much loved by MimaeL Judy. 
MSuiaml. wuuam. Julian and Eu- 
gene- and his many friends at the 
Oratory SchooL Woodcote and 
Wlnchnxire Hffl Cridcrt Club. Funer- 
al Mam al Uw Oratory School Chapel 
al 11.00 an on Friday. 30th May. 
followed by burial al Checfcmdon 
Church. Family flowers only please. 
Donations, tf desired, lo Royal tola 
Hospital. Reading. West Want Fond. 

SARKIS - On May 26th suddenly. 
Christian XouyoumdHan. very dear 
son or Anais and husband of Vera, 
loving father of Edward and Alexan- 
dra. and grandfather to Matthew and 
l^jra Funer^ Service at Uw Anne- 
man- Church. Upper Braofc St- 
Maocheateron Friday 300i May at 
v*};*- to-imernwm at 
uounwtn Cemetery- No flowers. Do- 
nations. If desired, for ihe Armenian 
Cmerel Benevolent Union, may be 
«d to Meson John C. Ashton ft Co^ . 
Qturch Sl AUrinehan, Ctacstdra. 
Ta 061-9287816. 

1986 Frank Ernest Thornhill passed 
peacefully away at hts home. Little 
Btamstefs. Duton HID. Dunmow aged 
82 years. Deariy loved father of 
Amw and of Ms grandchildren Chris- 
topher. JID and Andrew, and of hts 
tour great grandchildren. Private 
cremation wUl take place on Thurs- 
day. 29th May at 10.15 am ai 
Chetonsrard. followed by a memorial 
service to be held on Monday. 2nd 
June at 2. 15 pm al Little Easton near 
Great Dunmow. LI Hie Easton 
Church. Family flowers only but do- 
nations. if desired, may be sent to 
Tilly Church, c/o The Treasurer. Mr 
Chris Hubbard- Pippins. Duton HfH. 
Dunmow. Essex. 

TUBVIUL Suddenly at home Margaret, 
adored wife of Dick, mother and 
grandmother, on Saturday 24th May 
1986. Enquiries loDft A Mnnn. Fu- 
neral Directors. Oban. 0631 62062 

VWST May 24th. peacefully in hospi- 
tal, of 6 Marlborough villas. 
Menston. near HJdey. aged 80. Fran- 
cis. former bouse master at Kings 
School. Canterbury. The deariy 
loved brother of the late Helen Voigt 
and son of ihe late Arthur and 
Marion Voigt. Service Monday June 
2nd 1986 at Menston Parish Church 
at X.15 pm. prior lo Cremation at 
Rawdon 2 p m- Now resting In the 
Chapel of J. Waite and Son. Main SL 
Menston. where flowers may be 
sent. Friends please meet at Ute 
C hurch. 

WARREN peacefully at Gartnavei Gen- 
eral Hospital. Glasgow on 25lh May 
1986. Leonora (Non!) Ker. Widow of 
Thomas Reginald warren, much 
loved mother of Sylvia and Esmee 
and beloved arandraoUwr. Funeral 


NAUNTON MORGAN a Service of 
Thanksgiving for the lire and work of 
Sir Clifford Naim ton Morgan will be 
held on Wednesday. 2nd July 1986 
at 11.30 S-m In Ihe Priory Church of 
St BarUioiomew4he<heaL west 
SmithfMd. London EC1. 


BACK In remembrance of Captain 
C.RJI. Back R.N.. H.M.S- Orion and 
those 'who died with him Crete 29th 
May 1941. 

DUKE Walter Harry, died 29th May 
1983. beloved husband or Nora and 
Uie much loved father of Margaret 
Pamela. Elizabeth, sun so sadly 

DUKE Walter Harry' died 29th May 
1983 * beloved husband of Nora and 
Ihe much loved rather of Margaret. 
Pamela and EUzaoeth. SOU so sadly 
rntes ed- 

FORKGEN Allan CUve. In laving and 
cherished memory of a beloved hus- 
band and faflier. Called lo Our Lord. 
May 29th I98S. -Father m Thy gra 
Clous keeping, leave we now our 
loved ooe steeptog-. Naomi. Doreen 
and Mark. 

JONES On May 29 1984. Sharon 
Belinda, beautiful -daughter of 
Sheens and Dfeh and sister of Gor- 
don. Penny and Roger. Deeply loved. 

The Hon LC. Orr-Ewing. 
and Miss If.P.M. Knight 
A service of blessing took place 
yesterday at Chelsea Old 
Church after the marriage at 
Chelsea Register Office of the 
Hpa Colin Orr-Ewing, second 
son of Lord and Lady Orr- 
Ewing, of 9 Cheyne Gardens, 
SW3,- and Miss Fleur Knight, 
younger daughter of the late Dr , 
and Mrs Gavin Knight, of 
Blackwood, Gwent The ..Rev 
C.E. -Leighton Thomson 
offidaied. . 


Carlton Club Political 

Mr Eric Koops, Chairman of the 
Political Committee of the 
Carlton Chib, presided at a 
luncheon held yesterday, at the 
club. Mr Brian Walden was the 
guest of honour and Sir Gerard 
Vaughan. MP, also spoke. 


Franco-British Society 
M Maurice Oruon, Secretaire 
Perpetud de l'Academie Fran- 
caise, was the guest of honour 
and speaker at the annual 
meeting and supper of the 
Franco-British Society held yes- 
terday at Fishmongers’ Halt Mr 
James Hadley, chairman of the 
society, presided. The French 
Ambassador and Mme Viol 
were among the guests. 


Cloclanakera' Company • 

Sir Alan Traill, Lord Mayor 
locum renens, accompanied by 
Lady Traill and the Sheriffs and 
their ladies, was the gnest 
speaker at a dinner given by tlx; 
Clockmakers’ Company at 
Goldsmith’s Hall yesterday. 
The guests were received by 
Viscoum Falmouth,- Master, Mr 
R- L MeUor, MrP. M. Vine and 
Lord Murton of Lmdisfeme. 
Wardens. The other speakers 
were the Master, Lord Murton, 
Mr R1 W; Elliott and Mr R. 
Leigb-Pfcmberton, Governor of 
the Bank of England. 

dence and the BCL. 

Leaving Oxford In 1930 he 
was then called to the Bar 
(Gray's Inn) and served pupil- 
lages in both Common Law 
ami Chancery chambers. He 
did not practice but took his 
first academic appointment as 
an Assistant Lecturer in Laws 
al King's College, London. •- 

For two years after 1935 he 
held a lectureship in Trinity 
College, Dublin, to which 
experience he traced his taste 
for an occasional lunch-time 

He returned to King’s ih 
1 937 as Reader in English Law 
and Vice-Dean and remained 
there until the war, during 
which he served in the Minis- 
tries of Labour and Aircraft 
Production. __ 

This administrative experi- 

ing and research. - 

In the UniversiW he was 
Public Orator for 12 years, m 
which office be demonstrated 
his mastery of precise and 
elegant prose. . . 

In 1963-64 he was President 
of the Society of Public Teach- 
ers of Law and a chief instiga- 
tor of the setting op of the 
Ormrod Committee on Legal 

He culminated his career as 
the University’s Vice-Princi- 
pal and Pro-Vice-ChanceHor 
from 1971-74, providing vain- 
able advice upon, the 
University’s new charter. 

Despite these administra- 
tive burdens he found time 
each year to deliver his course 
of lectures bn Constitutional 
Law and Jurisprudence such 


Dr Robert Mowbray, a dis- Physicians; .and on. a DH$S WILLIAM 

languished Northern general working party on hospital TOHNSTOA 

physician, died suddenly on development. dUIlllolUI^ 

• His encouragement of The Right Rev William 
°? e11 ®J? I0 7 successive generations of .Johnsron, Suffragan Bishop of 
medical students ensured a Dunwich from 1977 to 1980, 
™°?7. "SS 1 continuing -high standard of died on May 23, aged 71. 

was his commitment to 

He had a dry and delicious 
wit which could enliven a 
lecture or meeting of Senate, 
grace an after-dinner speech, 
or delight a few friends. He 
had a natural reserve but after 
his marriage m 1949 to Lucy 
Carden, his personality 

He took a natural and 
particular pride in .the award 
of Silk in 1970 and the 
conferment upon him of the 
DCL by Oxford University in 

After his retirement in 1975 
he continued to live in Bir- 
mingham and to serve as a 
Birmingham magistrate. 

Latterly, the development 
of the University of Bucking- 
ham had his support: be was a 
Visiting Professor there from 
r 974 • 

Phillips was pre-eminently a 
scholar. His treatise on Consti- 
tutional and Administrative 
Law passed through six edi- 
tions of the law in this field. 

In his later years he extend- 
ed the range of his writing; 
Reform , cf the Constitution 
(1970) anticipated much of 
the subsequent debate; and in 
Shakespeare and the Lawyers 
(1972) he indulged his life- 
long fascination with the Bard. 





opment both in the Northern ; un ; n , 
Health Region and nationally, losni 
These began m the 1950s vf” 
when, as consultant physician . , 

in Durham City, he created a 1 
department of medicine. . P ” . 
Within that department,- be 
progressively introduced med- 
ical specialities, 1 previously 
only available in the regional tcacriJ 
centre of Newcastle upon In 
Tyne: Mowl 

Around this he encouraged foresi 
the provision of a district neede< 
general hospital His efforts overa 3 
were recognised in 1964 when care v 
he was appointed * to the' provR 
Newcastle Regional Hospital j nt | 
Board He -soon became its bad s 
vice-chairman, remaining on- overa 
til 1974. Snh«* 

junior medical . staff in his 
hospital at Durham. ‘ 

His skiff as a general physi- 
cian and. clinical teacher gave 
his youraer colleagues a 
breadth orexperience, which 
complemented : their: 

specialisations in their own 
teaching hospitals. ■ 

In the northern region 
Mowbray's leadership and 
foresight produced much 
needed improvements in the 
overall provision of health 
care within previously under- 
provided communities. 

In the Second World War he 
bad served with the RAMC 
overseas in the Middle East. 
Subsequently, while working 

Mowbray’s considerabtein- again at the Royal Victoria 
fluence continued unid 1984 infirmary, Newcastle upon 
as a member of the board's T yne, he joined the 1st 
successor, the Northern Re- (Northern) General Hospital 

whi< * he comn^ded 

in the Royal College of from 1953 to 1955. 

Science report 

Educated at Bromsgrove 
School and Seiwyn College, 
Cambridge, he trained for the 
priesthood at~Westcoti House. 

Ordained in 1939, be served 
successive - curacies at St 
Michael’s, Headingley (1939- 
43)- and St . John’s, 
Knaresborough (1943-45). 

He was then appointed 
Vicar of Stourton (1945-49), 
going on to hold incumbencies 
at Armley (1949-56) and St 
Chad’s, Shrewsbury (1956- 

He was Archdeacon of 
Bradford from 1965 to 1977. 

Mr Charles 1 Bierer 
Wrightsman, a retired oil 
executive, art collector and 
philanthropist whose many 
gifts enriched the Metropoli- 
tan Museum of Art in New 
York, died on May 27. He was 
90. ' 


Medicine’s need of tropical forests 

A plea for the pharmaceatical their origins to plants. The 
industry to become^ involved in value of such products runs to 
conserving tropical rainforests tens of billions .of pounds 
is made in a report published annually. Yet only a minute 
this week. fraction of the world's flora 

Dr Stephen Elliott, an ecol- has so for been examined for 
i ogjst and Dr. Joseph' pharmacological activity. 
Bnmacombe, a hospital doctor Research on plants as 
i«? wly - of s0Drces of “w drags could be 
f ? .^f° n< T’ s^ionsly impeded, feiwerer, if 
WoridWMIifl^^^ 6 of tropical forests, 


Way sim&dmS 170 plants fh»a, continues at the present 
os«l in traditional mabeme rat e of 245,000 km 2 per year 
and their report concludes that (an area the size of the United 
pharmaceutical companies Kingdoms). At this rate, all 

tropical forests wifi be de- 
mg to tell fte desfrnctoBi of stroyed over the next 30 years 
the worid s tropical forests. and 40,Q«f pbmt spedes may 
Modern medioiie already become extinct - 

depends heavfly on prodnets Dr Elliott- and Dr 
derived from trapiraU plants; Brimacombe are not alone in 
suchas load anaesthetics and believing this wonW be a 
nosde relaxants used in isnr- serious blow to the phanna- 

ceH ** ai ® industry. The United 
States National Cancer. Insti- 
lenkawma, rnatana and many tute reganis the widespread 
other diseases. elimination at tropical forests 

Estimates suggest that as a serious setback in the 
abont- a quarter of the world's fight “ 

pharmaceutical products owe ft isUgUy likriy thatdrngs 

By a Special Cocnspondent 

to core many diseases, both 
known and yet to be discov- 
ered, await discovery in plants 

from tropical forests. For ex- 
ample it was recently revealed 
that in the US, extracts from 
an Amazonian species of oak 
are playing a crucial role in the 
dev elop matt of a treatment 
against acquired immune defi- 
ciency syndrome (Aids). 

The report also recommends 

support field studies on tradp- 
tion&t. medicine in. developing 
tropical countries. Plants wed 
m traditional medicine have 
tan selected for their effec- 

and errtr using patients as 
“Betitaiital subjects. 

Those, preparations would 
not have continued In nse to 
the present day, unless they 
provided patients' with a * least 
some degree of relief There- 
fore they are more Gkely to 

come to depend on - w e ster n’’ 
medicine and knowledge of 
medkxnal plants is quickly 
discarded. There is an argent 
need for such knowledge to be 
recorded before it is lost 

Pharmaceutical firms are 
optimistic that genetic engi- 
neering and biotechnology will 
satisfy most of obt fatnre 
needs , for new drags. But 
unless wild sources of genetic 
material from medicinal 
plants are protected, the op- 
tion of using plants as soarces 
of new drags, by whatever 
technology, will be seriously 

The scientists suggest that 
the ■ pharmacnticaJ industry 
must invest in protecting areas 
or tropical forest as ‘•biochem- 
ical libraries", if they are to 
continue to profit from tropical 

Source: The Medicinal Hants of 

ft ..i 

yield new drags than plants ’ Leaser. National Park. 
selected at random... '£° m S r J i 

tries deyeh^ tbefr mbatriUmts 







Ali Mazrm, who strikes me as 

- ’an African James Burke but 
. with marginally more bottom, 

■ ‘ !***“ BBC 1 's nine-part series 

The Africans with the premise 
. • that this vast continent is the 
' product of three forces; tradi- 
tional Africans, the Arabs and 
• . the West In his corpulent, 
soft-spoken frame Mazroi was 
' . proud to incorporate all ffcwy, 

. but the Western element 

■ ..seemed to have the edge, 

Endlessly paraphrasing En- 

■ glish poets, Mazrafs poetic 
..-commentary started charm- 
ingly but became faintly ludi- 
crous. “No culture is an island 

■ .to itself*', be grinned, having 
. repeated his thesis about “a 
- . trinity of cultures, a trinity of 
. dreams" . That the earliest 

■ man was an African haJ, he ; 

- said, hem obscured by the 

■ winds of foreign influence and ; 
the dost of history.. 

i. At odds with the purple i 
. prose were shots of pigs being 

■ electrocuted, elephants being I 
■shot and crocodiles eating | 

■ chickens . — aH of which 
Mazroi took in his amiable 

After a taste of the unrelent- 
. mg interplay between geogra- 
phy and its offspring, history, 
and a squint at 1,000 years of 
. ■ Islamic role, Mazroi looked at 
..the brief period of Western 
influence. Warming to his 
theme, he explained that what 
had made the English come to 
the Kenyan highlands was tbe 
imperative of aesthetics. 
“Man is homo aestheticns." 
There was not much aes- 1 
theticus about the Stoanes in 
straw hats and the settler who 
. reminisced about pygmies. But 
Mazroi was in foil flood. How 
deep was the impact of colo- 
nial rale, how green was the 
! valley for those who only 
England know? 

Perhaps things will get 
clearer in the remaining pro- 
grammes and perhaps Peter 
'Bate, the series producer, will 
steer Mazroi from The Dragon 
Book of Verse to the dark 
continent of which he is a 
wobbling incarnation. It is one 
thing to be invited to look 
through someone rise's eyes, 
but another to have to lend 
. your spectacles in the process. 






u ro-dured price* previews |Cjii 
TJi Friday and Saturday. UE 
W \ Opens 2 June 




SpunmrKt b, » ■ — 

In their iVmenjuy Wmr 


joins Repertory 16 June 



.BOX OFFICE 01 .486 2431* 
jWcCDS 01 .486 1933/ , , JjA 
K 01.379t>433i£2aE 

A tale of how Vienna woos 



From the time of Emperor Franz 
Joseph through to the 1920s, 
Vienna’s working class girts have 
always bad a good press. Looking 
back to the vanished pleasure 
ground, generation after generation 
of admirers, like the wistful Arthur 
Koestler, have recalled them as 
charming, affectionate, available, 
and really quite cheap. 

Arthur Sdmitzler paid his tribute 
to them in JUeberiei, evoking a 
precarious little world of candlelit 
suppers, music, and cosy embraces, 

! always liable to be abruptly cut 
I short by a duellist's bullet or by the 
cooling off of the' menfolk who, of 
course, have the money. 

Where Liberlei departs from the 
Viennese myth is in focusing on a 
girt who is not prepared to cut her 
losses and move on to die next 
attachment Christine, the daughter 
of a humble theatre violinist, fells 
for Fritz, who — as a medical 
student and former dragoon -? is - 
doubly disqualified for a life of 
fidelity. However, she shuts her eyes 
to this, pursues him with rapt 
devotion, and, when he is killed m 
the. course of -another affair (with a 
woman of his own class), calls down 
curses on tbe heartless daHiance that 
this besmirches true love. . 

Adapted by Tom Stoppard (a 
sequel to his splendid .version of 
SchnitzJer’s Undiscovered Country i 
the play does not endear you to 
Christine. In the wake of The Real 
Thing , I suspect h may have 
attracted Stoppard partly as another 
test in summoning up the true voice 
Of feeling, if so, the voice obstinate- 

$$£££ SHL 

A cosy, candlelit world: Sally Dexter, Stephen Moore and Blenda Blethyn, as Mizi. Fritz and Christine 
fy fails to make itself heard. As speaker moral authority. “Love", if. of a party which beautifully con 

written, and played to the gauebe, 
over-eager life by Brenda Blethyn, 
Christine memorably demonstrates 
the power of true love to put its 
object to hasty flight And when 
bereavement puts Fritz safely be- 
yond her reach, rite has lines like, “1 
worship him, be was my God . . 
which may implant tbe piece in the 
1890s but no longer guarantees the 

speaker moral authority. “Love", if. 
it is to occupy the moral centre of 
gravity, needs closer delineation 
than it gets here. 

The considerable pleasure of 
Peter Wood's production lies else- 
where in the comic world of queasy 
compromise and cold-blooded ven- 
ery {hat surround the interruptible 
heroine. The opening scene consists 

of a party which beautifully com- 
bines the sense of shared gaiety with 
the spectacle of four characters all 
moving on different tracks. 

Besides Fritz and Christine, there 
are Theo (another military medic) 
and Mizi a fun-loving seamstress, 
both old hands at the game. Class- 
patronage, erotic challenge, affec- 
tion, and the sense of an ominous 
secret, are deftly interwoven and 

come to a musical climax which is 
then interrupted by the arrival of 
the outraged husband. As played by 
Basil Henson, rock still in a white 
greatcoat, he has the presence of an 
angel of death, and proceeds to 
deliver some of the best-turned 
comic lines in the piece. 

Besides its deathly narrative im- 
plications. this also prepares the 
way for Michael Bryant's second act 
appearance (where Carl Toms's 
high-bourgeoise apartment gives 
wav to a garret) as Christine's father, 
staunchly defending his daughter's 
rights to a good lime in answer to a 
morally disapproving landlady. 

Mr Bryant packs a lifetime of 
regret into this scene: most of all in 
remembering a spinster sister whom 
he accuses himself of having “pro- 
tected from the chance of happ- 
iness." But as soon as Stephen 
Moore’s Fritz reappears, oozing 
insufferable patronage of her 
“charming" room and her few 
books, then Bryant, likewise, facies 
out as a trustworthy adviser. 

“Love." says Tim Curry's Theo — 
in the midst of a gargling imitation 
of a French wine waiter — “is for 
operettas". And the production 
comes closest to achieving focus in 
the last act, set in the wings of the 
theatre during a rehearsal; and 
contrasting an ardent duet between 
a hussar and a grisette with the 
actualities of erotic loss: even 
though these come over as no less 
siagily artificial than the singer's 
farewells. However, the sight of 
Sally Dexter's Mizi, launching into 
a mocking obbligato before the 
hussar hauls off his tunic and 
despatches her back to the ward- 
robe. is brilliantly funny. 

Irving Wardle 



Rake’s Progress Albert Herring 

Grand, Leeds English. Once the threads of Glyndeboume 

— — — - - — - — - ■■ illusion have been ait Tom 

It is an intriguingly coherent 

programme. that Opera North Glyndeboume, and almost 40 

are offering for their summer years later Benjamin Britten’s 

season, introducing a new . 5 iw* H*« settid down very 

production of The Rotes snugly into its natal house 

Progress along with revivals of b ^ 1 tbe . f ver ^' again. It is not just that Peter 

Gounod's Faust and Don Hall's production, welcomed 

Giovanni, the two ghosts that ^di^ ^ong- At fort point last summer by Paul Griffiths, 

An mnet In fh, ihr tfte pTOdUCUOD becomes hMdAnmvi Usrrime, Mna 

Albert Herring 

Albert Herring began life at 
Glyndeboume, and almost 40 
years later Benjamin Britten’s 
opera has settled down very 
snugly into its natal house 

Giovanni, the two ghosts that 

last summer by Paul Griffiths, 

do most to Gx the patterns of ~ffi I E™ aucuon Decon,es has stopped Herring being the 
Stravinsky's opera. contusing. exclusive property of musical 

In these cmnimstancex one 111 <fes « n musical *y fc colleges attracted by the mufti- 
c^hSSy^Sff^SS ^ Toles Unit they 

Jr cessfuL Jean -Claude Maret s reckon can be taken bv voune 

can. hardly- miss the deep 
cynicism of this key work of 
the mid-twentieth century: its 
joy in dead conventions, pre- 
cisely because they are dead 
and therefore morally value- 

cessfuL Jean-Claude Maret s reckon can be taken by young 
sets gtve eme nothing of the singers. He has restored Her- 
cofttrast between pastoral and ring as a work of warmth and ’ relax a little. 
iDwnscape, but the repeated humanity. And he has given 

prejudice and puritanism. 
And who would dare disagree? 

John Graham-Hall in the 
title role has put on a few 
decibels since last year and 
possibly he allows too much 
rebellion against life in the 
greengrocer's shop to show 
through at the end of Act I. 
But he grows up as quickly as 
the wisteria on the shop wall 
comes into flower. Glynde- 
bourne sport a new Sid and 
Nancy to egg him on in the 
shape of Jeffrey Black, a 
personable baritone with plen- 
ty of sheen on the voice; and ' 
Louise Winter, who could 

Exciting state of mind 

enveloping black drapes indi- 
characters as excuse for enter- 55,^5* 2? 

lownscape, but the repeated humanity. And he has given 
visiasof unbroken sky and the Sussex a slice of Suffolk life. • 
enveloping black drapes indi- . Not for noting is Hali an 

talrnnent. Tbe divide between 
: life and art is not only 
accepted but is the very sub- 
j ject of the work. 

The piece has much to do 
with tbe characters' awareness 
I of their operatic condition, as 
becomes clear, though not 
perfectly dear, in this produc- 
tion by Francois Rochaix 
adapted from his Geneva 
staging. Having Anne appear 
on stage at the crucial moment 

care suuaoiy mat we are ra East Anglian and not for 
Shadowland. whde the re- nolbing he maJui ^ 

sponsibly eighteenth century underrated film called Aken- 
costumes permit the charac- fiekL h] s production, brought 
ters their (Aanges and mdea- up spring fresh this year, 
sronsofsetf-knowledgt Rod^ exudes s^gjj town jjfe from 
enck Brydons conducting the accents- the children in 
reveals a-score of conspicuous particular are exemplary — 
beauty, fall of rich woodwind through the scrupulous Jetter- 
passages. ing of the shopfronts in John 

Tbe cast is led by Anthony Gunter's sets to the street 
- Rolfe Johnson, cultivated and scenes, where brats and boor- 
lyrical as Tom, and by Wil- geoisie intermingle. 

1 '"S&i'SWa Mm Herring has h*. 

Anne Collins is now the 
housekeeper Florence, very 
much the creamre of Lady 
Billows, aping her in White- 
houseian moral energy. Oth- 
ers are old friends, including 
Richard Van Allan’s lugubri- 
ous Copper and Derek Ham- 
mond Stroud's portly prelate. 
Each has been honed by Hall 
into a character that carefully 
stops short of caricature, right 

Queen Elizabeth 

Gidon Kremer and Andris 
Schiff changed the order of 
their programme to place 
Bandk between Schubert and 
Schumann instead of after. 
This meant we could absorb 
all the more freshly as master- 
ly -a performance of Banok's 
Violin -Sonata No I as one - 
could hope to hear. 

Theplaying traced a path of 
the utmost clarity through the 
sometimes dense harmonic 
thickets that Banok was then 
cultivating and made the tonal 
ambiguities of the writing 
seem like entirely natural 
means of expression, very 
much of its period in the early 
1920s. Certainly it all lay 
beautifully under tbe bow of 
the violinist and the fingers of 

course of this the violinist's 
rhetoric embraced the occa- 
sional softer passage with 
quiet intensity as well as the 
more extrovert music. When 
the players later came to 
Schumann's D minor Sonata, 
Op 121, however, the ap- 
proach was more that of a 
confrontation with the nature 
of the work, especially by the 


A bit like 
old times 

Public Image Ltd 

Academy, Brixton 

Ten years after the Sex Pistols, 
nobody seriously expected a 
riot, but PIL's audience came 
perilously close. "All you do is 
spit and pose. You’re useless", 
John Lydon (nee Rotten) be- 
rated the crowd. “That's it", 
he announced, incensed after 
anotbcrglobuleofspit hit him 
halfway through “Public 
Image". Muttering “Never 
again", he led the band off. 

A line of security men 
moved in to guard the stage; 
one of these dubbed a 
prankster at the front, and the 
mood was ugly indeed by the 
lime Lydon relented and re- 
lumed to sing just two more 
numbers, queuing the crowd 
enough for an orderly 

With his orange hair stick- 
ing up in spiky dumps, and 
his flowing hippy shin dan- 
gling past his knees, Lydon 
still acts like magnetic north 
on the compass of disaffec- 
tion, irrespective of the music 
he performs. It was surely a 
deliberate gesture of contrari- 
ness to stan with a faithful 
instrumental version of Led 
Zeppelin's “Kashmir", a para- 
digm, of the son of music so 
comprehensively reviled by 
punk's progenitors, yet not 
dissimilar to man y of the 
songs in this set “FFF" and 
“Home" were both graced by 
dual guitar riffs redolent of 
Jimmy Page's style and distin- 
guishable from the broad 
mainstream of contemporary 
heavy rock only by Lydon's 
snarling glottal vocals. 

Of the Sex Pistols’ reper- 
toire. just a lip service version 
of “Pretty Vacant" was fea- 
tured. prompting the audience 
to a moment or two of pogoing 
nostalgia, while the musical 
hired hands that currently 
comprise PIL played with 
static competence. 

But far more interesting was 
the neurotic avant-garde psy- 
chedelia of “Flowers of 
Romance" and “Bags", pan of 
a middle sequence of songs 
that conveyed a sense of 

In place of ihe simplicity of uncompromising musical pur- 
purpose which had emerged pose Hurt matched Lydon's 

from Banok. Mr Kramer now challenging 
seemed inclined to fight it fortunately 
through with Schumann, find- i 0 stop the 
ihg something idiosynchraric they were fc 
to say about it as he did so. so mc pace 
including the opening pizzica- i n « tiie c( 
to theme of the slow move- unexpected 
mem played with the fiddle. j me rTuptus. 
held banjo-fashion. 

Noel Goodwin Da 

challenging persona itself. Un- 
fonunately it was not enough 
to stop the spitting. Just as 
they were beginning to inject 
somc pace into the proceed- 
ings. the concert reached its 
unexpected moment of coitus 

on stage at the crucial moment 25 Albert Herring has been 

of the graveyard scene, for accused of being patronizing; 

example, suggests how Tom’s s^ing devil. Jane j t j s no moTie ^ than L’eUsir 

madness is not the result of a „ d'amdre, another oomic opera 

supernatural curse but comes a lUl V^- at where a glass of alcohol makes 

from the realization that he is foe P Jot go round. The moral 

embroiled in something where ^ Tf , AA 5 of Britten’s opera, with its 

the absurdly miraculous can S sometimes over-tricksy cou- 

be expected to happen as a pfots from Eric Crazier, is that 

matter of course: to wit, an more proudly. Baba is, after a spjicedi lemonade and a 
opera. It is then highly signifi- S' i?® ma JO r cash prize brings the 

cant that he should withdraw 1S face to lace with the 

into a masque of Venus and ^ ^ tfirou ^ 1 ‘ realities of life. The subtext 

Adonis, for Stravinsky would 
surely have thought of Blow’s 

down to Rtchard Peachey’s ^ pianisL delivered with 

some ti mes declamatory char- 
delighted Ricbmal Crompton. ^ 5ut p^ic feeling, as 

Jane Glover conducts this much in the mystery and rapt 
score, one of Britten’s warm- self-questioning of the adagio 
esl and most allusive, with fall movement as in the vigorous 
verve, whether parodying folk dance of the finale. 
Gounod, quoting Tristan or A dance-like rhvth- 

letung Britten sound just as he roic impetus characterized the 
^ main substance of Schubert’s 

T — TT ; • „ Rondeau Brillam with which 

Joan Higgins the concert began, but in the 

all tbe way through. 

Pan! Griffiths 

suggests that the ample ladies 
.of East Anglia are plump with 

"teri Gardners touching, funny 

& invigorating?^ 

The Royal Opera 
Colin Davis 

Music Director 1971-1986 

Tckaikavsky f s 

Eugene Onegin 


I Scofield 
I Rollins 

\ Susan Fleetwood 

! “I’M NOT 
Herb Gardner 


Michael Claire Dorian 
Meka WHiamson Nealy 

Trevor Peacock 

Sening by Costumes t» ■ LHhtingby 
‘fanyVMIton Liz da Costa RxtiertOrnbo 

Directed by 

Daniel Sullivan 

Previews from July tot 
Opens July 3rd 


! Moi So 13$ I- ■■ ^ gt t ab ut rAMmel oadoBWl . 

BOX OEHCE 01-437 2663 

Cast intitules: Thomas AQe« Qeana Cotrobas 
Neil Roeenshein Aane Howells 
June2 5 10 13 J6J8 21 at 7.311pm .. 



New production sponsored by 
Hie JeanSainsbigy Royal Opera House Fend 
Producer; ’Andrei Serban Desogaer: SaBy Jacobs 
Cast bu^ndes: James King Elizabeth CouueB 
Marie McLaugtitia L aur e n ce Pale Gwyane Howell - 
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July 2 S 8 11 IS 19* at 7J30ptn 

‘ *Prom perf sponsored by Midland Bank 

■' '• fieservatipHs 61-240 1066/1B11 

AceessfVlsurCdaejcsClob = .x. • 


Tomorrow and Tuesday at 7.00 

Harrison Birtwistle's 
acclaimed new work 

"Dazzling vision of myth ond music. . . 
a massive enterprise" Guardian 

"... multi-layered brilliance of the 
music . - . Philip Langridge (Orpheus) 
...a performance that is a tour de force 
. . . ambitious, daring and original . . . 
it rightly deserved its welcoming and 
enthusiastic ovation ..." Daily Telegraph 

David Sinclair 


-THE GUARDIAN, Derek Malcolm 

“Smashing. . . intelligent, hilarious. . . 
Scorsese remains several steps ahead 
of his contemporaries.” 


“The film to see... 

clever interweaving of plot and characters. . . 
Scorsese comes up trumps. . ." 

— THf FACE, Net! Nofrncm 

j. But 
■s left 
p and 
p after 
tg by 
ter fig- 
h a 38 
and a 
tie on 
ier 45 p 
amb at 
i Reti- 
i 3p. 

s were 
xl 7p 
ting at 

•e rating — , 
interest j 
ofit was “• 
vas 781 _ 

/VEST- i 

the six 
ie divi- 
I0.8p __ 
i £000, 

16,740 — 
■nds — 
0) and — 

5) and' 

% m 









London Coliseum 
St Martin's Lane 
London WC2 

Box Office 


Credit Cords 


"a work of enormous power and 
fascination . . . the orchestral 
score . . . sounds magnificent under the 
direction of Elgar Howarth and 
Paul Daniel" Times 

"a major triumph . . . J was totally 
gripped throughout . . . extravagant 
praise to the ENO forces ... an unusual 
ond exceptionally exciting work." 

, London Standard 

"It is exhilarating to see and hear and 
should definitely not be missed" 
Financial Times 

Prices £ 10 , £ 7 . 50 , £ 5 , £4 


__ I. 

MAY 30th 




NanWGWU.* 737 4043 BUNGKW-226SKO _ M°* 


Exemption for | G 
war allies on 
Berlin crossing 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 
East Germany appeared most diploms 

yesterday to have exempted 
Britain, the United States and 
France from its demand that 
all diplomats stationed in East 
Berlin should show their pass- 
pons to East German guards 
when crossing into West 

Bui the change continued to 
be applied to other Western 
countries. In more “Test runs" 
yesterday, diplomats from 
Britain, the US and France — 
who as a relic from the end of 
the Second World War are 
legally still three “occupying 
powers” in Berlin — continued 
to be allowed through by 
showing identity cards- 

These are issued by the East 
German Foreign Ministry and 
until last week were sufficient 
to enable all diplomats to 




leave East Berlin. But diplo- 
mats from other countries, 
including Italy and West Ger- 
many, were again turned back 
yesterday for refusing to show 
their passports. 

This solution was regarded 
as unsatisfactory by Britain, 
the US and France. If it is 
allowed to persist, the East 
Germans would have succeed- 
ed in drawing a distinction 
between some Nato countries 
and others. 

Herr Eberhard Diepgen, the 
Christian Democratic mayor 
of West Berlin, said in a 
speech in the city yesterday 
that the demand for passports 
was a “very serious” matter, 
but that it was no occasion for 
the West to make a dramatic 

He was against any breaking 
off of diplomatic relations 
with East Germany, the most 
dramatic outcome which has 
so far been suggested. But 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen visits the Domes- 
day exhibition, the Public 
Record Office, Chancery Lane, 
WC2, 5.15, followed by a recep- 
tion to mark the 9th centenary 
of the Domesday Book, Royal 
Courts of Justice. Strand. WC2. 

The Prince of Wales visits the 
London Docklands at The 
Royal Docks, E16. 1030; and 
The Isle of Dogs, E14. The 
Prince and Princess of Wales 
then open the Shaftesbury Soci- 
ety Housing Complex and Dis- 
. abled Activitiy Centre, Brixton, 
. SW9, 12.45: and later they 
attend a charity film premiere of 
Lady Jane, The Empire Theatre, 

• Leicester Square, Wl, 7.45. 

] Princess Anne attends the 

* Royal Bath and West and 
; Southern Counties Society an- 
, nual show. The Showground. 

) Sbepton Mallet. 11; and later. 
; Colonel-in-Chief. Royals Corps 

1 most diplomats in Bonn and 
I Berlin do not seem to expect 
I this. 

! What lies behind the dis- 
pute are East Germany's peri- 
' odic attempts, going back 
! decades, to establish that Ber- 
’ lin is its capital. Britain, the 
, US and France say that Beilin 

is still what it was just after the 
I Second World Wan a city 
occupied in four sectors by 
themselves and the Soviet 
- Union. 

For them. East Berlin is 
: simply the Soviet sector, and 
1 this situation will remain until 
the conclusion of the still- 
unsigned peace treaty ending 
the Second World War. 

If diplomats had to show 
their passports, it would be an 
admission that the line down 
the middle of the city — now 
the Berlin Wall — is a national 
border, and not a line between 
occupation sectors. 

The East Germans say that 
the passport requirement is in 
response to Western demands 
that it do as much as possible 
to combat terrorism. 

The US claimed the perpe^ 
traitors of the recent La Belle 
discotheque bombing in West 
Berlin came from the Libyan 
People's Bureau (embassy) in 
East Berlin. 

The Western retort is that 
scrutinizing the diplomats' 
passports would do almost 
nothing to combat terrorism 
in the city. 

The identity cards already 
had Lhe diplomats' photo- 
graphs on them, and a pass- 
port would be easier to forge 
or steal than an identity card 
supplied by the East German 
Foreign Ministry. 

Most diplomats leave and 
enter East Berlin via Check- 
point Charlie, the road cross- 
ing point in the middle of the 
city, or Friederich Strasse, the 
first railway station on the 
eastern side of the wall. 

Those who would not show 
their passports have had to 
drive on a detour of about 15 
miles westwards around- the 
city so that they were able to 
enter West Berlin from the 
territory of the East German 
communist state. 

ii f 




13 £ 

Winners of. the Queen’s Gallantry Medal for their courage during the fire (from left): Mr David Hustler, PC Richard 
Ingham, Chief Insp Terence Slocombe and Mr Richard Gough, at Valley Parade yesterday. 

By Michael Horsneil 

Six men who risked their 
lives rescuing spectators dur- 
ing the Bradford City footbaD 
ground fire last May, in which 
56 people died, will receive the 
Queen's Gallantry Medal. 

The citation, published to- 
day in the London Gazette, 
says four West Yorkshire 
police officers and two civil- 
ians displayed outstanding 
courage in spite of the severe 
heat and extremely dangerous 

Another four men who 
helped to rescue spectators are 
to receive the Queen's Com- 
mendation for Brave Conduct. 

The fire broke out in the 
main grandstand at Valley 
Parade ami spread to the roof. 

PC John Ingham, aged 29, 
spotted a woman behind a 
barrier wall, her dotfaes and 
four alight Taking an over- 
coat from another officer, he 
rushed into the stand and 
polled her over the wall on to 
the pitch where he rolled her 
on the ground to extinguish 
the flames. 

PC David Britton, aged 41, 
helped a man struggling to 
climb over a walL With parts 
of the roof collapsing, be 
polled the man over the wall 
and attempted to douse the 

flames which engulfed him. 
PC Tngham saw his colleague 
straggling on the track and ran 
to help. Bat PC Britton's hair 
eanghf fire H he had to 
withdraw. PC Ingham grabbed 
the man's coat and pulled him 
a further few yards before he 
was stopped by heat ami 

Mr David Hastier, an assis- 
tant supermarket manager, 
was the Last person to leave his 
section in the main grand- 
stand. But he discovered a 
woman in a state of shock at 
the front of the rear seating. 

Mr Hustler, aged 45, from 
Shipley, West Yorkshire, 
managed to posh her over the 
perimeter wall to safety and as 
he was about to jump dear he 
saw a boy lying on the floor 
with his coat ablaze. Despite 
severe barns to the head, 
hands and le^ and parts of the 
roof foiling around him, Mr 
Hastier turned back and 
poshed the boy over the perim- 
eter walL 

Mr Richard Gough, aged 
31, an installation engineer 
from Shipley, had left the 
grandstand when he saw a 
woman, her hair on fire, trying 
to climb the walL He ran track, 
dim bed over and he hit the 
woman over the head to extra- 

Flashback; The 

gmsh the flames before puffing 
her to safety. 

Chief Insp Charles Mmr- 
son, senior officer on doty. 

Insp Terence Slocombe, 
now a chief inspector, helped 
to evacuate spectators until his 
tonic caught fire and had to be 

pulled a man to safety after removed. Then he took anoth- 
dashing to the initial outbreak er officer’s coat for a shield 

offire and proceeded along the 
stand, helping evacuate spec- 
tators. Chief Insp Mkwson, 
aged 54, saw a man totally 
ablaze, pulled him to safety 
and donsed his clothing. 

and rescued an elderly man 
collapsed near a w ait 

Omen's GaBaotry Medal: PC Brvton. Mr 
Gough. Mr HusOtt, PC Ingtiam. Ctnef Insp 
Mawson, Chief insp Stocoraba, 00 for 
action at vaiay Parade. 

Other winners: Reserve Gonstabto Cyril 
Donaldson of the Royni Ulster Consta&o- 

RUCtagattaniry in Northern Ireland. . 

Owen's Comuisndllon far gave Cno- 
OBctPCPawaaiwit.Mr McfoelBMM. 
an remover from Bradford.' Mr 

Timothy LMh. • school teacher from. 
Bingin', and PC Owxt Mdglay. af lor 
acnon atVafiey Parade. 

Other w mnera- D« Con Chri sto pher rtflFt 
and PC Mann SaOMiLtwtfi hum Sussex 
pcfce. lor sawn a mm party suspended 
over the edge 3 a ZOO tt dtff; Mr Derate 
Bingham. asttaenpwer. and Mr Grad 
Higgins, a groundworks toranan. Doth 
from Rushdon, Norttanb. lor bm«y 
durtngan attack by three anned men on 
security vefode. 

an understanding tfaaL mi* 

ala s have been made. 

Although Sir Geoffrey tw». ; 
less anient in cx tolling the 
virtues of Free-maxkR; econo* 
nries in Africa than Mr Geptge 

Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, be noted that a number, 
of countries were taking stops 
to establish price and other 
incentives ■ for formers, -and' 
more efficient food marketing 

He said that hunger in 
Africa had succeeded, bke few 
other human catastrophes, in 
touching lhe consciences of 
the more fortunate. 

Millions of ordinary people 
bad made thefreontri button 
to help the starving in re- 
sponse to the challenges of 
Live Aid and Sport Aid, be 

Departing from his pre- 
pared text. Sir Geoffrey 
praised the British people for 
giving millions of pounds 4o 
relieve African famine. 

“A quarter of a million of 
them ran for Sport Aid 

It was for ^venuneats to ' 
play their partas wea “Butwt 
must look beyond emergen-, 
cits to the longer term. We 
must hdp Alnca to help 
itself • . 

UN session, page 5 

Russians build 
frame in space 

Moscow (AP) — Two Soviet . 
cosmonauts who hold the 
record for the most space 
walks achieved on one tn»- 
sioo yesterday built in spaces 
prototype frame to bold “big 
structures". - :. 

Tass said the snccessfid 
experiment by Leonid Kizbri 
and Vladimir Solovev, who 
walked in space six times on 
their 237-day. record flight in 
1984, opened “the possibility 
of large-scale assembly work 
in outer space". 


of Signals, attends a cocktail 
party and Playing of Retreat by 
the . Royal Signals Band at the 
show, 7.30. . 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens Wise Close, Bodicote, 
Oxon. 1 1.25; and later, visits the 
Monument Industrial Park, 
Chalgroe, 12.05. 

Princess Alexandra visits 
Dyfed. Wales; arrives Llanelli 
Home and Social Centre for 
Younger - Handicapped, 
Colesbili. Llanelli. 11.30; she 
then visits Coomb Cheshire 
Home. IJangain. 1.10; and later 
visits St Clears Community 
Hall St Clears, 3-15. 

Exhibitions in progress 

Astronomical exhibition: (1) 
The histoiy of the telescope 
from the seventeenth century to 
the present; (2) Halley's Comely 
13) Moden astronomy including 

nliVI' ri tfvjILwvJ kT-W/Miuij [-rWiVir-i 

Greenwich Observatory, Herst- 
monceux Castle, Hailsham; 
Mon to Sun 10.30 to 4.30 (ends 
Sept 30). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17 


1 Dark suit needed for places 
of entertainment (5-5). 

6 Explorer of the South, say. 
or one from the North 14). 

9 On good terms always? I am 
surprised! (4,1.5). 

10 Fruit rejected by this bov 

12 I am. for my part, without 

feeling ( 121 . 

15 Spinning a huge ball — that’s 
ridiculous (9). 

17 Crack up in the next O-level 
exam (5). 

18 Radiance observed round 
head of holy (5). 

19 During change of leadership 
many seek shelter (4.5) 

20 Happy-gO-lucky junior bar- 
rister given 31 aays and a 
caution (5-3-4). 

24 Prophet dispensing with a 
pipe (4). 

25 Kept in with converts, to 
give a due (3.3.4). 

26 Left some wine (4). 

27 Carousing, as fiddler was ? 


-1 Intelligence in all directions 

2 Sow for safe investment (4). 

3 Titular nymph, dancing in 
celebration (12). 

Concise cr os sw or d page 8 

4 Story about, say, a feudal 
subject (5). 

5 Bitches noisily eat meat (9). 

7 Snowballing with you. say. 
takes up essential energy 
( 10 ). 

8 Talk clearly in order to dis- 
miss a docker (5.5). 

11 Foreign articles present sub- 
marine movement (12). 

13 Restrictive practice stopped 
trading (6.4). 

14 He overlooks outstanding 
piece of armour ( 10). 

16 Soldiers join club, thanks to 
celebrity t9). 

21 Dismiss canon (5). 

22 Is going io leave (4). 

23 Runners kiss awkwardly (4). 

Solution to Pozzle No 17,057 

i»!I5f3S»3 liEifinSISISHfcS 
B"I5 E E 8..B1 II E? 
i51353Eni=BriS iaHEHH 
[= 1=1 E (3 Fg 01 H IT? 


ii y k n n ■ 

■ii3!i'-!arini?nni3 larara,* 
0-i=M= -5 3 
ancon isnssSRpEUfg 

!■ kT ii! ■(*=! 

0 flr-'H 12! id 
idjnsrair •■■EisiEnragSiii 
m i=j- is- r* m. s i-s 

Hooked Rugs by Emma 
Tennant, watercolour paintings 
by Jim Ridoutand photographs 
by John and . Eliza Forden 
Wetheriggs . County Gallery. 
Clifton Dykes, Penrith; Mon to 
Sun 9.30 to 5.30 (ends June 30). 

Painting and collage: Frame 
Museum Gallery, 1 North Pa- 
rade. Frame; Mon to Sat 10 to 4 
(ends June 28). 

Indian miniatures; Graham 
Robertson Room, Fitzwilliazn 
Museum. Cambridge; Tues to 
Sat 2 to 5, Sun 2.15 to 5 (ends 
July 20). 

Watercolours of Yorkshire 
and France by Alan Hitchcock; 
Stonegale Gallery, 52a 
Stonegaie. York; Tues to Sat 
10.30 to 5 (ends May 31). 

Manchester glass-work in the 
19 century; Towneley Hall Art 
Gallery, Burnley; Mon to Fri 10 
to 5.30. Sun 12 to 5 (ends June 
8 ). 

The 3rd International 
Contemporary Art Fair Olym- 
pia. London; today until Sun 11 
to 8 (ends June 1). 

Between Two Extremes: 
paintings and drawings by Keith 
Grant; The Metropole Arts Cen- 
tre, The Leas. Folkestone; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2J0 to 5 
(ends June 15). 

The Barkers of Bath; Victoria 
Art Gallery, Bridge St, Bath; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 6 (ends June 

Sculpture by Elisabeth Frink; 
Beaux Arts. York St, Bath; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5 (ends June 30). 

The Holy Fool: mixed works; 
Rooksmoor Gallery. 31 Brock 
51, Bath; Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30 
(ends May 31). 


Concert by the Albion En- 
semble; St George's. Brandon 
Hill. Bristol 1. 

Concert by the City of Lon- 
don Sinfonia: Festival Hall, 
PetersfiekL 7.30. 

Piano recital by Andrew- 
Michel Schub; St David's Hall, 
Cardift 7.30. 

Ross and District Festival of 
the Arts: Piano recital by Mary 
Wu, 1.05; Chamber recital by 
the Allegri Quartet. 8: Ross 
Parish Church, Ross-oo-Wye. 

Talks and lectures 

Historic inns and inn signs, by 
Ron Sands: Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre, 
Brockhofe, Windermere, 3.30. 


Dickens Festival: street 

Books — paperback 

. The Literary Editor's satee&noUnt e rasUng books published this week 

Female Friends, fly Fay Weldon (Pavanne, EL95) . ■_ ■_ 

Mr Patonrar.'by itato Caivino, translated by Wifflam Weaver (Picador, £255) 
Present Times, by David Storey (Penguin, £3 j95) 

Ropedancer, short stories by MJ. Fitzgerald (Picador, £2.95) 

The Light in the Piazza, by Bizabath Spencer (Penguin, £3.95) 

Colette, by ARan Masse (Penguin Lives of Modem Women. £Z95) 
Hannah Aremft. by Darwant May (Penguin lives of Modem Women. £Z95) 
Honkytonk Getato, Travels Through Texas, by Stephen Brook (Picador 

Significant Slaters, The Grassroots of Active Feminism 3839-1939. by 
The Matter of Wales, By Jan Morris (Penguin, £435) 



A W to NW airflow will 
cover the U-K with a weak 
frontal trough crossing 

The Midlands: ML Road- 
works between junctions 1 5 and 
16: contraflow . near 

Rothersthorpe. A3& Delays 
along Burton on Trent by pass 
due to roadworks. A34: Road- 
works at Treddisgton and 
Wolford Fields, S of Stratford. 

Wales and West: A30: Tem- 
porary traffic lights at Clifton 
between Launceston and 
Cheriton Bishop. M4: Lane 

Dickens Festival: street 
entertainments, displays, read- 
ings. concerts and fireworks: 
Rochester today until Sunday; 
for information (0634) 



Births: Charles 1L reigned 
1660-85. London. 1630; Issac 
Albenlz. • composer. 
CamproUOn. Spain, i860; G K 
Chesterton. London, 1874; Os- 
wald Speugler. philosopher. 
Blankenbuxg. Germany. 1880: 
John F Kennedy. 35th president 
of US. 1961-63. Brookline. 
Massachusetts. 1917. 

Deaths: Sir H anphrey Davy, 
scientist inventor of the miner's 
safety lamp, Geneva, 1829: Sir 
W illiam 5 Gilbert Harrow 
Weald. Middlesex, 1911; John 
Barrymore, actor. Hollywood, 
i 942; Fanny Brice, comedienne, 
Los Angeles. 1951; Joan Jime- 
nez. poeL Nobel laureate. 1956. 
San Juan. Puerto Rico. 1958. 

Restoration of the monarchy 
under Charles JL 1660. 


Normandy veterans 

The Normandy Veterans 
Association Medal, which has 
been privately commissioned 
from the Royal Mint to 
commemorate the Normandy 
campaign which started on June 
6. 1944, is available to veterans 
of the Second World War 
campaign, or to their next of 

The medal, in cu pro-nickel, 
can be purchased from Award 
Productions, Ltd. P.O. Box 30, 
Haslemere, Surrey, GU26 6UT, 
for £22, a percentage of which 
will be donated to the 
association's charity. Tel: (0428) : 

The Talking Newspaper 
'Association produces a weekly 
tape digest of a large number of 
publications, including national 
newspapers and magazines, for 
the blind and visually handi- 
capped throughout the United 

For farther details and 
information regarding the range 
of publications, write to The 
Talking Newspaper Associ- 
ation, High Street. Heath field. 
East Sussex, 17921 8JB; id: 


iSf % 



: -733 

i "'i 
*■ ii 


FT 30 Share 

1338.4 (+13.6) 


1624.8 (+12.7) 

USM (Datastream) 

120.95 (-0.05) 


v US Dollar 

13005 (-0.0025) . 

W German mark 

3-4211 (+0.0033) 


76.3 (+0.1) 

‘to soar’ 

' Building societies will hit 1 
new lending peaks this month 
with gross advances reaching 
£3.5 billion in May, according 
to provisional estimates from 
the Building Societies Asso- 

This compares with the 
previous record of £2.8 billion 
set by the societies only last 
month. . Mortgage commit- 
ments are likely to be main- 
tained at the record level of 
around £3.5 billion, a BSA 
spokesman said yesterday. 

The buoyancy of the mort- 
gage market is a result oflower 
mortgage rates and favourable 
seasonal factors. “The Easter 
weekend is traditionally the 
kick-off period for people 
wanting to move home, and 
moftgage advances will be 
coming through this month,'* 
the BSA spokesman said. 


Tesco yesterday reported a 1 
51 {per cent jump in pretax 
profit for the year to February 
22 .to £122.9 million. Turn- 
over was up 1 2 per cent to £33 
million and the dividend was 
increased by nearly 20 percent 
to 5.8p. 

Tempts, page 23 

Blick listing 

Klein wort Benson is seeking 
a full listing for Blick pic, a 
supplier of time control and 
paging equipment Just over 
7.3 million shares (36.5 per 
cent of the company) are being 
offered for sale ax I47p. The 
application list opens on 

Tempos, page 23 

Profits slump 

Harrison & CrossfieltTs pre- 
tax profit slumped £24.7 mil- 
lion to £58.5 million in the 
year to December 31 on 
unchanged turnover. The div- 
idend was also unchanged at 
20p. Tempos, page 23 

BCM defence 

Ben ford Concrete Machin- 
ery. faring an £18 million bid 
from BM Group, the C H 
Beazer offshoot, is forecasting 
a 30 per cent rise in profits to 
£1.65 million for the year. But 
BM says earnings are stiU a 
long way from their peak of a 
few years ago. The offer, 
Which will not be raised, closes 
on June 10. 

Eadie placing 

Eadie Holdings is joining 
the Unlisted Securities Market 
with a placing of 33 million 
shares, 37 2 per cent of its 
capital, at 39p a share, valuing 
the company at nearly £3.5 
million. The placing will raise 

Tirade balance shoots into 
surplus from record deficit 

By David Smith 

There was a sharp improve- 
ment in Britain's balance of 
payments last month after a 
record deficit in March. Im- 
ports fell sharply and exports 

The current account was in 
surplus by £409 million, an 
improvement of more than £1 
billion from the £61 1 million 
March deficit. . 

• Visible trade remained in 
deficit, by £191 million, but 
was well down on the record 
£1,211 million deficit of 

Manufacturing trade was in 
surplus — at £89 million — for 
the first time since February 
1984 and compared with a 
I £775 million deficit in the 
previous month . 

Officials at the Department 
of Trade and Industry said the 

Bell fight 
for BHP 
‘goes on’ 

Sydney (AP-Dow Jones) — 
| Mr Robert Holmes & Court's 
latest bid for Broken Hill 
Proprietary Co has again run 
into difficulty, but he: is not 
expected to abandon his long- 
running battle for Australia’s 
biggest company. 

The bid to gam Control “for 
under value has failed,'’ Mr 
Brian Loton, managing* direc- 
tor of BHP, said yesterday. 

Mr Holmes a Court's take- 
over vehicle,' Bell Resources, 
announced that the bid had 
attracted 150.6 million accep- 
tances, bringing bis stake in 
BHP to just under 30 percent. 

Analysts say tint Mr 
Holmes A Court would need at 
least 40 per cent of BHP shares 
before he could exert any 
control over the international 

Mr Holmes A Court's offer 
of $Aus9.20 for up lb 400 
million shares closed after 
more than three months of 
high-level corporate manoeu- 
vring, court battles and regul*- 

figures indicated that the bal- 
ance of payments was back on 
course for the Treasury’s fore- 
cast of a £3 billion current 
account surplus this year. 

In the first four months of 
the year the current account 
was in surplus by' £1 2 billion. 

The trade figures were bet- 
ter than City expectations and 
added to. the mood of opti- 
mism in the money markets. 

.The' pound's resilience in 
the face of last week's base rale 
cuts yesterday toe sterling 
index edged up again, from 
76.2 to 76.3 — has encouraged 
the view that another cut 
could occur soon. 

' Money market interest rates 
edged down despite a signal 
from toe Bank of England that 
it wishes to see base rates stay 
at present levels for a while. 
The three month interbank 
rate closed at 9V ,3 ie per cent 




-500 V7 VISIBLE W 

■1000 ™ DE | V 


The main feature of toe 
trade figures was a 10 percent 
or £705 million, drop in 
imports to £6329 billion. 

Imports were erratically 
high in March, at £6.934 
billion, and one contributory 
factor may have been pur- 
chases of imported capital 
equipment by British firms 
seeking to take advantage of 
2985-86 capital allowances, 
which were phased out at toe 
end of toe tax year. 

Exports rose by £315 mil- 
lion. or 5.5 per cent to £6.038 
billion. But most of this 

Lazard Secs was 
Woolworth buyer 

By ABson Eadie 

Lazard Securities, the fund 
management arm of Lazard 
Brothers the merchant bank, 
yesterday declared itself as 
last week's buyer of a net 
948,000 shares m Woolworth 

The corporate finance divi- 
sion pf Lazard is advising 
Granada Group on its agree- 
ment to bay Comet electrical 
discount stores from Dixons, 
should Dixons win Its body 
contested £13 billion bid far 

Althongh the corporate fi- 
nance side has a strong vested 
interest in Dixons wimring the 
hid, the two divisions operate 
entirely separately, a director 
of Lazard stressed last night. 

The buying by Lazard Secu- 
rities at 83®p to 865p took 
jdace last Thursday, the same 
day that Granada announced 
its deal to bny Comet 

Lazard Securities now holds 
about 235 million shares, or 
13 per cent of Woolworth 
Holdings, making it one of the 
top dozen institutional share- 
holders in Woolworth. 

Mr Stanley Kalms, the 
chairman of Dixos ., has been 
visiting Woo I worth's institu- 
tional shareholders. Lazard 
Securities' buying spree is 
onderstood to have resulted 
from a visit by Dixons, which 
persuaded the fund managers 
that a higher bid was Kkefy. 

Dixons' aft-share bid was 
worth 673p last night ag ainst a 
market price for Woolworth 
shares of 860p. 

Lazard Securities said that 
h bought a total 973,000 
shares and 275.QOO 8% per 
cent unsecured loan -stock. It 
also sold 25,000 shares at 
850p and 85Sp. 

The takeover effort has 
made Mr Holmes a Court 
BHP*s biggest shareholder, 
but Mr Loton ruled out any 
possibility that he will be 
allowed a seat on toe BHP 

“Mr Holmes A Court hasn’t 
asked to join the board," Mr 
Loton said. “Ifhe did I can tell 
you what my view would be. 
and that is a person who is 
suing toe company, who has a 
proven track record in specu- 
lating in the company’s shares 
and who has tried to gain 
control of all toe shareholders' 
assets for under their fair J 
value would be unlikely to ' 
join the board." 

Analysts, however,- say that i 
because Mr Holmes a Coart 
has run up large borrowing 
costs in building bis BHP 
stake, he cannot afford to 
settle for his current position. 
They say that he will either 
have to sell out or launch a 
new bid- 

SE to put fixed quote 
foreign deals on trial 

SEAQ International, toe 
Stock Exchange’s screen quo- 
tation service for foreign 
shares, takes a step forward on 
Monday when five 
marketmakers in a range of 
South African shares commit 
themselves to dealing dis- 
played prices for bargains up 
to a certain size. 

Bid and asked prices posted 
on SEAQ International only 
indicate dealing prices at 
present, but if toe month-long 
trial goes well the firm quote 
basis will be extended into 
stocks from other countries. 

The system covers about 
500 foreign securities and 
involves about 35 market 
makers, including jobbing 
members of toe exchange and 
international securities 

Among the 30 South Afh- 

By Richard Lander 

al, toe can shares chosen for the trial 
en quo- are Anglo American Corpora- 
foreign tion, the De Beers diamond 
ward on group. Gold Fields of South 

Africa and a variety of gold 
and platinum mines. The 
stocks, all tradeable in Ameri- 
can Depositary Receipt 
(ADR) form, have been cho- 
sen because of investor inter- 
est,' competition - • among 
marketmakers and market li- 

Marketmakers will display 
their prices for each share 
side-by-side, on the Stock Ex- 
change Topic system and will 
be subject to discipline by the 
exchange if they rail to deal at 
the displayed rates. 

Commitments to deal will 
cover bargains up to 1,000 or 
5,000 shares, depending on 
the value of toe stocks. 

New name Smith New Court up 28% 

.Ronald Martin has changed 
its name to Ronald Martin 
Groome to reflect toe impor- 
tance of toe acquisition of the 
Groome Group in February. 

Bid extended 

. London International has 
extended its offer for Wedg- 
wood to June 1 1- It now owns 
or has acceptances for 25 per 
cent of Wedgwood. 

33% say ‘yes’ 

. Bestwood has received ao- 
cep lances for 32-91 per cent of 
Country Gentlemen's Associ - 1 
a lion shares and has extended 
its offer until June 3. 

Smith New Court, the new 
financial services group incor- 
porating Smith Bros, toe job- 
ber, and Scott Goff Layton, 
toe broker, yesterday an- 
nounced a 28 per cent increase 
in its pretax profits — up from 
£4.8 million to £634 million, 
for the year ending April 25. 

Jobbing profit, however, re- 
mained static, at £5,54 million 
against £5.45 million toe pre- 
vious year, with toe absence of 
last year’s losses on setting up 
Smith New Court's interna- 
tional dealing business ac- 
counting for this year's 

By Lawrence Lever 

Subsidiaries made a mar- 
ginal contribution .to profits 
this year after deducting start- 
up costs for toe company’s Far 
Hast .and Australian opera- 
tions, including toe recruit- 
ment of de Zoete & Bevan’s 
10-man Hong Kong team, and 
a fourfold increase of staff in 
New York. 

Mr Tony Lewis, chairman 
of Smith New Court, said 
yesterday that toe company 
had increased its market share 
significantly in traded options 
and domestic equities, . 

“Our international expan- 

sion under toe auspices ot 
Rothschild is going very well" 
he added N M Rothschild has 
a 37.55 per cent stake in Smith 
New Court, assuming fun 

The company is paying a 
final dividend of 5p, making a 
total of 7p for the year 
compared with 6p the previ- 
ous year. 

• Associated Fisheries is dou- 
bling its interim dividend to 
0.5p for toe six months to 
March 31, 1986. Pretax profit 
jumped from £956,000 to 
£1.85 million. 

increase was due to a rise in 
sales of toe so-called erratic 
items of trade, up by £296 
million. These include ships, 
aircraft and precious stones. 

The surplus on oil steadied 
last month. It was £337 mil- 
lion. compared with £330 
million in March, but well 
down from toe record of £987 
million in January. 

Despite last month's trade 
improvement, underlying 
trends are far from 

Nonoil exports declined in 
volume terms by 0.5 per cent 
in toe latest three months, and 
were 3 per cent down on a year 
earlier. The decline which 
began last summer has contin- 
ued this year, officials said. 

Imports are holding up 
rather better. The monthly 
fluctuations are large but the 
overall volume of imports had 
held broadly study since the 
middle oflast year. ; 

Profits at 
up by 17% 

By Onr City Staff 

Coalite, the diversified fu- 
els, transport and builders’ 
merchanting group which 
owns a large part of toe 
Falkland Islands, reported a 
17 per cent increase m profits 
yesterday. Pretax they were up 
to £39.4 million for the year to 
March 31. 

More than £8.8 million of 
the pretax profit came from 
interest and similar income as 
toe company's cash pile in- 
creased to between £75 mil- 
lion and £80 million from £52 
million over the year. 

Asked what toe company 
would do with toe money, the 
chairman, Mr Eric Varley, 
said that Coalite was looking 
actively at acquisitions and 
was interested in expanding 
activities is its core business 
of producing and distributing 
fuels and chemicals. 

The solid fuel division had 
almost folly recovered from 
toe year-long miners’ strike, 
'which ended in March 1985, 
with sales only slightly down 
on 1983-84. The effects of the. 
generally mild winter were 
mitigated by freezing weather 
which lasted for most of 

Alt the group’s other divi- 
sions performed well with toe 
exception of the builders' 
merchanting companies 
which were affected by toe 
slack construction industry. 

The final dividend is being 
raised from 4.65p to 5.5p, 
making a total of 7Jp. Earn- 
ings per share were up by 22 
per cent at 26.67p. 

Energy firms 
see threat 
in sell-off 

Fears that a private British 
Gas Corporation will move 
into toe contract energy man- 
agement market by using in- 
formation gained because of 
its monopoly position have 
been expressed by toe inde- 
pendent companies in toe 
energy management industry. 

Mr Dick Tinson, spokes- 
man for the independents, 
said a company wanting to 
convert a client to gas had to 
ask toe gas board whether a 
main could be provided and 
its likely cost". 

The board would thus have 
details of the proposed scheme 
and toe potential client 

“Companies are naturally 
concerned therefore that the 
Gas Bid (toe legislation to 
privatize British Gas) include 
an undertaking that such in- 
formation would not be 
passed on to any contract 
energy management company 
British Gas might operate”, he 




Mew York 

Dew Jones 1873.56 (+2053) 


Nikkei Dow 1655339 (+86.04) 

Hoop Kong: , 

Sydney: AD - — 12083 (+&0) 

SSS^bank 19334 (-15.6) 




SKA General 522.7 (same) 




£: SI .5005 
£: SwFr2-8239 
E: FFr103049 
£. lndex:763 

New Yorlc 
S: DM23800 
8: index: 116.6 

ECU £0.630114 
SDR £0.771696 


Norcros - 

FU TomWns 

Martey — 

Taylor Woodrow _ 
Simon Engineering 



Thom EMI — 

Aflied Lyons 

Metal Oosures — 

DunhiU — - - 

Gus 'A' 

Saatchi — 


Nat West 


Guardian Royal — 

London & EcSn — - 
Cable A Wireless - 

PCT Group 

A WaJkar 

fine Arts — 

Belgrade Hokflngs . 


_ 313p (+12p 

ITS76p 1+14? 
_ 472p i +15p 
_ 338p +18p 
— - St3p i +10pl 
-1085p +25p) 
_ 790p I +18pi 
_ 839p : +27p) 
— 869p +27pj 
__ 650p +12pi 

130p +2Sp 

— 12QPi+15pj 

Burroughs merger problems 
‘could aid arch-rival IBM’ 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 



M6PC |45p 

HamsortCrosSMs — . 37fip 

The $48 bflfion proposed 
merger of Burroughs Corpora- 
tion and toe Sperry Corpora- 
tion is toe crimination of a 
year’s effort by toe former 
United States Treasury Secre- 
tory, Mr Michael Bhvnentoal, 
to create a computer company 
big enough to cfcaHeagelRM, 
the world's largest. 

Mr Bisimenthal, toe tena- 
rioos chairman of Burroughs, 
persevered in his efforts to 
acquire Sperry through a hos- 
tile takeover bid and eventual- 
ly, trimaphed. He was forced, 
however, to pay a high price 
for his victory — about $6.50 

The sweetened offer of 
$76.50 a share was accepted 
by a reluctant Sperry board at 
a special meeting late on 
Monday, only two hoars after 
the Burroughs proposal was 
delivered to company head- 
quarters after a weekend of 
frantic negotiations. 

Mr Blnmentiml, who has 
long espoused the creation of a 
pnmpany with the “critical 
mass" to oppose IBM, said 
yesterday that the newly-cre- 
ated computer group would 
allow the industry to “get over 
the Tear factor that no one has 
the staying power" against 

related financial services. 
Even so, the combined compa- 
ny trill be only a fifth of the 
size of IBM. 

Analysts said that Mr 
Blnmeotoal and the combined 
management face a tough 
battle in their bid to challenge 

The immediate task is to 
convince Sperry customers 
that the merger wifl not affect 
the stability of their supplier. 
Beyond that the merger must 
be accomplished with great 
skill, without disrupting sepa- 
rate and incompatible eomput- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Salesmen get to work 
on British Gas shares 

The campaign to sell British Gas to 
the public, the largest offer ofits kind, 
has begun. With five months left 
before D Day and the privatization 
Bill still awaiting Royal Assent. 
Wood Mackenzie, one of four stock- 
broking firms to the flotation, has 
published a major study of the 
corporation. The 48-page report, the 
first ofits kind, is the keynote address 
of a massive marketing campaign 
aimed at attracting the widest pos- 
sible support from private, institu- 
tional and overseas investors. 

Unsurprisingly, it concludes that 
the offer will have considerable 
appeal, enabling the Government to 
raise a substantial quantity of money 
while at the same time ensuring that 
British Gas remains a “highly attrac- 
tive investment opportunity . 

Several important issues need to be 
resolved before the flotation process 
proper can begin. The Government 
has yet to disclose whether it is going 
to tamper with the gas levy. It has still 
to spell out details of the ceiling it will 
put on gas price increases. The future 
of Sir Denis Rooke and other senior 
managers has to be clarified. It is still 
unclear whether the Government will 
be selling 100 per cent of the 
corporation or less. 

The most contentious issue is how 
the British Gas balance sheet will be 
structured. It is evident that British 
Gas can support considerably more 
debt than at present, but too much 
would unduly damage its earnings 
and dividend prospects. Too little, on 
the other hand, would leave it scope 
to embark on a diversification pro- 
gramme of unprecedented propor- 
tions. That might not be good either 

for Britain's independent oil sector or 
for British Gas itself, with its limited 
experience of diversification. 

The precise amount of debt — £2 
billion to £3 billion is Wood 
Mackenzie's guess — will clearly 
affect the pricing of the shares. With 
British Gas valued at £8 billion, £3 
billion of debt would leave £5 billion 
worth of shares to sell. £1 billion of 
debt would indicate £7 billion of 

There is also little to compare 
British Gas with in world stock 
markets. To value it as a British oil 
company would clearly be wrong 
since, as a mere buyer and seller of 
gas, it is relatively unaffected by the 
vagaries of the oil price. With the 
prospect of reasonable, and no more, 
growth in profits ahead of it, British 
Gas does not have the high technol- 
ogy appeal of British Telecom, the 
last public utility to be privatized. 
Wood Mackenzie's view is that the 
shares will be regarded chiefly as an 
inflation-proof income stock in much 
the same way as municipal utilities 
are in the United States. A yield of 5 
to 7.5 per cent should guarantee a 
good reception among both the 
institutions and Britain’s growing 
breed of private shareholders. 

Those who still fear that there is 
nothing to British Gas behind the 
robust and dominating presence of 
Sir Denis Rooke, should take heart. 
The Wood Mackenzie team of David 
Morrison and Paul Gregory has 
discovered what it considers to be a 
wealth of young managerial talent 
during its research into British Gas's 
Byzantine empire. 

J. But 
5 left 
•p and 
:p after 
ter fig- 

'5&± ■ 

ha 38 9 
and a 
ue on 

Op to 
tat the 
ned 8p 
. New- 
a quiet 1 
■ice of it 

s were 

‘sirad- . 

* 7 P £ 

ting at 

ndOO * 

r-7 per jn 

:'y ' COMPANY NEWgSy ^ 

MENT TRUST: The offers by 
British Empire Securities and 
Genera) Trust for all toe or- 
dinary shares and the cu- 
mulative preference stock in the 
company that it does not al- 
ready own has been accepted for 
23,344,540 ordinary (71.6 per 
cent) and £350,000 nominal of 
cumulative preference stock 
( 100 per cent). When aggregated 
with Ihe 6^21 1,667 ordinary 
shares already owned, British 
Empire now holds or has re- 
oeived acceptances for a total of 
29,556,207 Ashdown ordinary 
(90.6 per cent). 

MINES: The company has not 
obtained approval of toe regu- 
latory authorities for toe pro- 
posed exchange of the 
company's 60 per cent 
shareholding in toe Marlin 
Granite Group for 3,660,000 
shares in Erf Resources. Thus 
the preconditions for the agree- 
ment have not been met and 
“toe agreement is of no force 
and effect" 

MENT TRUST: Final 2.5p, 
making 4p (3.55). Figures in 
£000 for year to March 31. Total 
income 4,534 (3,270). revenue 
after all charges and tax 1,964 

(1,749). Earnings per share 
4.5 lp (4.02). Net asset value | 
alter deducing prior charges at ! 
par 221.4p (177.4p). The com-', 
pany reduced toe loan facility 
from $1 1.7 million to S8.7 1 
million in February, 1986 and i 
intends to maintain and con-! 
tinue these loans for the 
foraeeable future. 

company has sokl Woodhead 
Ridley, a subsidiary carrying on 
a general building and electrical 
contracting business in New- 
castle-upon-Tyne. The buyer is 
Mr David Ridley — a director 
and genera] manager of Ridley 
— and the former owner. The 
price is £1 in cash. Ridley is the 
last construction company in 
the group and no longer fits into 
Wood head’s main business. 

sign Trust holds 1.590,000 or- 
dinary shares in the company 
(5.02 per cent). This holding 
forms part of the 16.14 percent : 
holding of Merchant Navy Pen- 
sions Administration and Asso- 
ciates notified on May 19. 

• (FRANK G) GATES: Divi- 
dend 3p (same). Figures in £000 
for 1985. Group turnover 
49,421 (44,580). profit before 
tax 1,107 (1.150). Earnings per 
share 8.04p (8.2). 

Stadium deal 

Southend Stadium, the 
property company, is to buy 
Ten Counties (Ludgate), 
whose principal shareholder is 
Shop Constructions (Hold- 
ings). Southend will issue 1.57 
million shares to Shop Con- 
structions. bringing its stake to 
44.1 per cent The deal is 
subject to toe Takeover Panel 
agreeing that a mandatory 
takeover bid will not come 
into force. . - - - 

Wine transfer 

H. Young has entered into 
an agreement to acquire toe 
issued capital of Longman 
which operates two wine ware- 
houses in Wapping and 
Morden, in London, under toe 
name of The Noble Grape. 

Cash sale 

Hawker Siddeley, which al- 
ready owns 40 per cent of 
Safetran Systems Corpora- 
tion, has purchased toe major- 
ity 60 per cent holding from 
CCI Corporation for $30 mil- 
lion (£19.7 million) in cash. 

23 w 
46 +2 nd 
ia ,, 
3-3 74 
2 his 

ie rating — : 
interest _j 
ofitwas — i 
vas 781 „ 

/VEST- — 
the six 
te divi - l0 ’ 

a £000, 
16,740 — 
•nds — 

7,517), — * 
0) and — I 
(l,6l0X 3W i | 
■m was -'*6 I 

on ex- 
5) and 

[< 1 

«These results highlight once 
SSI again the continued and 
sustained growth of our 
UK operating divisions.” 

~ ~~~ Garry Weston, Chairman 

Salient features from the Annual Report 1986 

# Pre-tax profit up 24% to f 1 63.5 million - a new record. 
Earnings per share increased by 25%. 

# Total dividend per share 6.1p (1985: 5.4p). 

# Shareholders' Funds of £918 million represent 93% of 
net assets. 

s is 42% increase in earnings over two years achieved by 




£ million 

£ million 




Group profit 



Investment income 



Profit before Tax 



Tax and minority interests 



Profit attributable to the Company 



Net assets 



Earnings per share 



ie Inn 


i I 



Associated British Foods pic 
TAfeston Centre, 68 Knightsbridge, London SW1X 7LR. 







New York (agencies) — The 
stock market still dang to 
record levels hi early trading 
yesterday, after giving op part 
of the morning's gain to profit- 
taking. Baying plans, which 
were active initially, lost 
steam, eliminating some 

.But lower oil fotnres lent 
support. Abo helping to prop 
np the market were share bay- 
tack plans by IBM, which was 
op 1% to 148% and Philip 
Morris, np 1% to 68%. 

Corroon and Black gained 
4% to 40.m a strong insurance 
group. Just before noon, the 
Dow Jones industrial average 
was 12.79 points higher at 

Rising shares outnumbered 
declining stocks by two to one 
on 57 million shares traded. 

On Tuesday, the mdnstrial 
average jumped by 29.74 to 
1,853.03 — just short of the 
peak of 1,85550 reached on 
April 21. 

v sr 




GW toyman end Cd report 



,,, 1708 - 703 . 



18 * 4 - 84.2 

188 . 6-870 

1920 - 91.0 


7 days 6X-6X 
Smnth 7-654 

7 days dh- 4 H 
3 mntti 

French Franc 

7 days 7 W- 7 K 
3 mntlt 7 V 7 % 
States Franc 
7 days 12-1154 
3 mnth 4 %- 4 K 

7 days 5*4-5 K 

3 mmh 4 "r 6 - 4 “w 

cal 7%-5* 

1 mirth 8 n i« , iii 

6 mntti Z’te-S 11 !* 
call 5-4 

i mntti 4 9 »-4 , ,» 
6 fnreSi 4*ta-8’ie 
cal 7*-«S 

1 mntti 7K-7K 
6 mntti 714-7% 
eaB 2)4-1 K 

1 mntti 4K-4X 

6 mntti 4K-4% 

cai &4 

1 mntti 5*r5% 

6 mntti 4'V’ro 

Gott 334 Z 00442£0 

1 nwitti 9»u-Q% 2mntti 8 =j7-8*'k 

Smnth 9 a i»0H GranttiS^rOX 

TMeBtite (Discount %) 

1 mntti 9 ^ 2 mntti lO'te 

Smmti I 0 *i* 6imtti S^s* 


Overnight: open 1 0X ctasa 13 
1 Meek 1056-10 6 mam 0 ™ xr-9**2? 

1 mntti 1DV10 flrnmh 9%-9» 

Smnth 9“ i#-9 54 12mtti 9»>*-9’A 

Load AiAortW Mpoafia m 
2tfejjfs 10 7 days 10 

1 mntti 9% 3 mntti 9% 

6 mntti 9% 12mtti 9K 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Tuesday’s trading 


Sfcarinp««>P* r » 0 7 wnC * 
tto&fi war » Co- mi* Mnwt 

rr aoo 

- Sio^sizn 
Ttww Months — -- ~g 

Voi — — ,g 


'2sh , -Suspanded 

Three Months 

Voi ■■■■ - - 



&SSSL. »iw*5 

Vd. -4850 

ToneT. TZ— 

Cash. 44004400 

Thrso Months — — 

VdC Ni 

ST- ZZZia* 


Cash — 1 484J-485XI 

TSaMonttB— 4854WM 

Vol . 4050 

Tons -Bandy Steady 


Cash 339 . 0-3400 

Voi ■ — 108 



Cash 3391KMNU) 

Thma Months — 347^3485 

Vol —« 

Tone — ■** 


Cash — 7505-7595 

TIbbs Months—- 7565-^5 


Tone" a£*jTSte«Jy 



■ 0080888* 0*. • 


GB:CaBW. 103 w 6 pp 8 rk 8 * w 

j£&a« 223 . 1 GppBrkgttU) 


£ par tonne 

WfeM Bart* 







Three Months. 



Pig Meat 
p. par Wo 
“ropan Ctaa* 

. .1045 van 

1045 «K8 

1025 102.8 

1085 «S -3 
1105 1115 

1115 1125 

Fixed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reterenca ran tor 
interest period April 2 . 1886 to 
May 6 . 1986 Inclusive: 10527 per 

3 mntti 10)4-1054 
9 mntti 10-8* 
Starting CDs pb) 
1 mntti 1014-10 
Smnth 9".6-9J» 
1 mntti 6.90-655 
6 mntti 7.00656 

Zimrm 9%-SK 
6 mntti 8 ) 4 - 8 % 
12mth 956-954 

3 mntti 956-954 
12mth 9%4% 

Smnth 6.95-6.90 
12mth 7.157.10 



Three Month Starting 

Jur >86 

Sep 88 

DM 88 

Mar 87 

JunB 7 - 

Sep 87 

Previous day's total qp 
Three Month Euradota 

Jui 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

US Treasury Bond 

ton 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 


Jon 6 & 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 


Jun 86 

Sop 86 , 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

FT-SE 100 

Jun 88 

Sep 88 

. 8G3 

_ 9084 

- 91.06 

- 91.05 

_ 909 * 

- 90-75 
interest 17591 




Eat Vol 





















sa 73 



Previous Gay's total 
93.08 93.03 

open interest 22050 
9386 383 













Prmtous day's total open Interest 841 8 
5 J 37-03 97-12 4432 










Previous toy's 
103-04 102-55 

total open Interest 1 449 
102-58 139 






Previous day's total open interest 12534 
12524 125-24 12535 125-08 5515 

12526 12 S -26 12515 12515 1913 

12519 12519 12519 12514 TO 

N IT 125-10 0 

Previous day's total open Interest 2591 
162.10 162.10 1600 ) 161.40 181 

tad OH* Ong VkJ 


- 80 . HotSMxret FKL Bournemouth BM 8 SAL - 
0345 717373 (UnMne) 

- G 4 t 4 Fowl 121.8 1268 c -03 032 

. H 0 i me Eat®y 93.8 907 * +01 4 B< 

•- WoridmOO Bo»a 1705 189 . 1 * -08 5.13 

. Amencan GnMi 180.4 1706 + 1.2 251 

. Asian Pacific 424 455 + 0.1 275 

. ASMS S Earns 99.5 106 . 4 * . . 1 56 

Cso*ut Ftaamm 608 67.1 +01 1.51 

. Coram a Energy 61 4 G 0.5 ■ -IP 2.74 

BnpmnCapaal 867 . 922 -25 1.38 

* Gam* 1365 145.9 -02 291 

- Japan 720 770 <-l -2 .. 

- UK Oourth Inc 93.1 100.1* +02 154 

* Do Aaun 133.7 143 . 7 * +03 1.07 

US Emarang Go's 592 633 +04 041 

Equtts Progress 1920 204 4 * +02 321 

,, MamonaiAcc 62 2 66 . 1 c -03 121 

- A*ad Dimhxr Cantm Smtan 6 N 1 1 EL 
0793 610366 4 0733 28291 

Fra Thor 
GkmBi S Income 
Caoafl Thai 
- Bamncoo 
A coen Thai 
American Income 

— Hah inane tm 

— Eqiay Income 


Co n Secs T rial 
Japan Fund 
PaoSc Trufl 
Amir Sod S4S 

2254 2«00 .. SIS 

1360 1448 +01 114 

2300 2455 +01 256 

3 G 26 3862 c -02 211 

*472 5827 -05 301 

312 332 + 0.1 4.07 

2485 2847 +64 459 

1392 1482 +01 4.78 

1432 1525 * -ai 544 

305 319 * + 0.1 903 

7 B 2 B 32 ..107 

967 103.0 + 1.7 001 

1585 1661 + 1.7 108 

661 704 +05 129 

Amer Ta 2 ij 2 2261 * +22 089 . 

Aid Asset Value 
GW Growth 
Smaller CD's 
2 «J 9 m*kr Co 's 
necomy Tnai 
Mm Mn 6 Cmdly 
O'sen Earwigs 
Tecnmiogy TM 

2242 2369* -02 32ff 

380 396* 255 

1163 123 3 +02 256 

1533 1633 +04 245 

824 87.7* +02 213 
805 667* +02 231 
1852 1972 -0.1 351 

O wn Earwigs 1852 1972 -0.1 201 

Technology Tfi 912 97.1* -0.1 0-93 
bicaneEMmpi 1282 137.0 .. 518 

Exempt Sraeiar CPs 2237 257.1* -01 2.70 
USA Emmpl Trum 3415 3625 +35 122 

“■ 131. Fouxry Pavenwm. London EC2A 1AY 
*■• 01-628 9876 01490 85*0/1/2/3 

Carnal Grow* Inc 575 815 .. 1.70 

Dd Actum 8*2 667 ..170 

Eastwn 6 M 1225 131.0 +2* 088 

Do 8*1 WMKfcnwW 65.7 702 +14 038 

finance 6 P'-urfy 602 84J +02 225 

GW 6 Fbced income *ao 515* +oi 772 

Do Aaun 828 863* +0.1 7.72 

Entry maorne U « 795* . . *37 

Do Aecun 1743 1875* +02 487 

Hah Yield Income 74 3 79*c +0.17.79 
Do ACaea 1924 2057 c +04 7.79 

tad Aaun 733 782c -15 225 

Do B% WdKkwl 697 745c -03 225 

Managed Fund 9BJ 631 .. .. 

P ra ia rane e twee 304 325 +10 9 74 

Do Aecun 960 1033 +32 9.74 

SmeltarGO S Aeon 1395 1492 +04 1.48 

World Penny Share 99 105 .. 03& 

PontotG TS UK 775 792 +0.1 1 62 

norrtoM TM Jetian 910 9*3 +1.1010 

PdrttM TM US 71 7 7*2 +05 1 05 

Ptntato TM Ewope 1015 1055 -45 010 

Pontobo TM HK 392 407 +03 010 

3. Gtandnias a EOnOurgh EH3 BVY 
01-226 2581 tDea»rs.03l-228 60861 
Md Ee 03) 4233 4*21 

Japan Ex(43) 3530 3885 

Smener Co's 
uk Grown 
Em me 


Inc 6 Grown 
Kai Non me 
Prof Stares 
Rnanoai Secs 
Gold A Gan 
M Lettue . 

Prop Siwas 
Unw Energy 
• YVortd Tocn 
Amer Growth 
Amec eicome 
Amer Smeder Co s 
Aum Growth 
EuiO SmMtor 
Far East 

Hong ^Kong PH 

Japan Part 
Jaoan Smaasr 

EaenyM MarMR 

9-17. Penyann R 
0444 458144 
Growth Accun 
Do Income 
H 0 i moome 


Men Porflooo he 
Do Acc 

Norm Amertcan 






The 5*oc* Exchange Lonkm BCZP 2JT 

01-388 2888 

Qetwal ho (*) 2112 2»i.Bc - .. 

Do Accura (fl 3327 3*9 So 

Income Fund O] 102.7 107.1* 

DO Man (3) 1802 188 0* 

tad me 09 1225 128.1 +4.1 

00 Aecun pg 182.1 1883 +41 

SnatarmeR) Ei»20 1157 

Do Accun (S) £1153 1254 

325; HWi Hotjom. London WCiv BPr 

CS Japan Find 747 785 +1J 

1 Ogngfcway. WeoWley, HAS ONB 

tad Offer Clng VU 

1095 1162* -02 354 = 
1413 1507 +02 129 

375 40JK5 .. 3-02 

600 645 .. 7.00- 

279 39.4 .. 72* 

1984 2115* +0.1 421 
1942 207 1 +02 471 

167 195* .. 9.99 

1183 1262* -02 274 

44 1 470c +0.1 225 
162 175 e -03 258 

16.0 . 17 1 . . 053. 

622 662 +05 1.11- 

400 427 -01 1.73 

434 462 -0.1 051 

874 103.9 +0.6 323 

561 620 +02 633 

253 27.0 +0.1 051 

685 741 +1.1 158 

14.1 165 -0.4 023 

435 484 +02 057 

246 382 -0.1 253 

335 362* -61 152 
625 66.1 +12 .. 

147 16T +64 .. 

817 87.8* +62 358'. 

847 67.7 .. 414' 

1168 1375 
2092 3361* 
13*8 1485* 

66.0 71.0 
754 81.1* 
825 672 
10*5 1125 

53.1 675 
752 81.1* 
435 467* 

1413 1525* 

28.1 315* 

tad Oner Ong vu 

35 . Faunror 9 L Mancnesiar 

081-236 3685 

taeurna Truer 732 860 * 
! Ftted In 665 985 

EqutaM PeUcan 
Hah lacuna Truw 
GA B Baed kv 
Tm Of tav Trusts 
Soaclal SusTruM 
Nth Amur Trust 
Far MmlM 

765 782 * -02 MB' 
732 860 * .. *57 

MB 968 .. 757 

667 675 -62 154 

73.5 604 +0,1 237 

59.8 635 +04 1.7* 

732 860 +69 688 


9t Gauge Hu Corpor as on sl Country On 


0203 563231 

UK Growth Aecun 1468 1961* -0 1 348 
Do Income 1267 13*2* -61 348 

Maher Me Accun 3*02 2555*' +6* *58 
DO Income 183.4 205.7* +03 458 

1934 205.7* +03 458 
teOtyFraed Accun 1037 1085 +64 254 

Do Income 683 929 +01 254 

Ndi Amer TM Accun 1407 1466* +66 630 

For East TM Accun 13*5 14S5* +13 648 

Euro TM Accun 1430 152.1 -15 128 

General TruM 2305 2452 +02 275 


1. Laurence Pounay H4. London EC4R 08A 

01-823 4680 

American Find 768 820 .. 629 

CapdMFUid 1105 1165 .. 029 

Income FUrd 605 061 . . 455 

5«r Eastern FuM 605 735 +0.1 028 

Oaeraem rncome 867 763c -02 385- 

FUea Intense 604 84.7c , . 952 

Natural Res FuM 385 «t.ic +0.1 458 

Empaen tacome 704 763 -62 320 

190 WtoM George SL Ghugow G2 : 
041-332 3132 

Balanced Gdi tac *1J> 438* 
Do Accun 415 442e 

Income GUI he 404 «30c 

Do Accun 413 *35 

Semes Crfs he 463 483* 

Do Accun 44.0 468* 

Hirer WMk. TomyWga. TW9 1DY 
0732 382222 

Amanewi 102.1 1092 

Amer EQuly hoome 315 335* 
Amer Soedel Sn 524 561* 
FrEuta 30S 325* 

Gta 8 Fhted H 313 327 

Growl" 1 Kome 983 10S2c 
Japan Moctal 9u 37.1 337 
Japan TruM 1135 1209 

Uaneged n Tel 1325 iols 

Mas taocane E raaty 7«5 802c 
Pratassand Sit 329 3S5 
Saudi Em As* Tm 268 aas 
SpsdM Stts 1952 157 0 

F* East 
Morai American 

2804 2983 +24 272 

32*7 3*54 +25 4.12 

1787 18S.4* +12 025 
1B12 I860* +1.4 657 

4T5‘ 500 II LOO 
475 500 .. 630 

-64 L80 
-05 .. 
.. 850 
- 0.1 .. 
+ 0.1 1.10 
+61 .. 

+63 *23 
+12 .. 
+55 .. 
+25 006 
+03 477 
+ 0.1 220 
+05 051 
.. 663 


' Sq. Iwdwi I 

BG Energy 
BG income Grwtn 
BG Japan 

4232 4421 -■ US 

3530 3885 .. 025 

2274 2425* .. 145 

4480 471.6 .. .. 

1990 209.8 . . 

1653 ITS* +62 063 
1209 1287 +04 1SS 

1979 210.6c *1.4 5.09 

ie09 1712 *35 ago 

1525 1B23e -68 257 


25/26 Ahermarh Street. London W1X *AD 
01-491 CSS 

American 503 538 +01 078 

AuStmKWi 195 200 +01 2 78 

Japan 8 General 96 1 1025 +23 0 17- 

HtfSl tnconiii 44 4 475* -0.3 7 52 

hwmaeon* That 77.0 82.4 +02 1.0* 

Income Oh TM «75 512 +01 4 10 

Qfo l Fixed hi 304 21 B -021683 

Gietat UarWfS 362 387 -06 189 

Soecut Sduanons 41.6 44 4* -02 147 

Umcent House. 252. Homtord Rd E7 
01-534 SS44 

America 855 909* +65 1 47 

Aim Acaxn 13*5 1430 +1.8 1 88 

Do ineamg 960 102 1 + 1.1 1.88 

Caen* J12 +0 1 290 

Exempt Trust 417B 444 4* +09 396 

Extra Incur* 7*9 768* +01 531 

Faycul 2259 2403* -02 306 

500 2812 2775 +08 308 

General 13*51*31 +02313 

GW 8 Rued W SS5 567* . 933 

Man J Gan MC t45.i rs*J a.ig 


GW 8 Fixed Inc 
ABOT 8 Gan me 
Do Acc 
Growth neon 
taorne Trust 
LMtire Trust 

*0 Box 551 Bern Marta London EC3 7 JO 
01-821 0011 

Captal 3587 381.6 -45 1 .; 

Income 384 7 3045 +02 *4 

Norm AmencM 285 * 3063 +45 14 


i. Kra w*am St EC*N 7AU 
01 -SO 631* 

77 London HW EC? 108 
01-688 1816 

In* Fund 4I67S .. 4.12 

fixed H 1S25 . . 937 

Depose 1060 ..1125 


77. Ltsroon MM. London EC2N IPS 
01-588 1815 

hconw 3813 .. 457 

Accun £105828 .. .. 


Narro w Phi . Bristol BS2 OJH 
0800 373333 

Amer Growth 252 289 +0.1 150 

Eauty Htfr hoome *30 *sse .. *20 

European Grown 24 5 26 1 -i i zoo 

General Eauty _ 3800 <0^3 +0.12 EJO 

Gwsnwdmton an au .320 

American Exempt £3885 3786 +178* 154 
Japan Exampf £3563 3876 +1565 1.0* 
Am Pr.ooftv Tst SI 0789 5 .. 500 

Properly Troet 73 0 33 0 * . . 826 

GW 8 Fuad Inc 
Index SecuiMs 
Japan Growdi 

301 32.1 320 

25* 271 .. 960 

260 777* . 220 

Z75 29.8 +63 680 

1*88 1501 
1788 1880 
3267 3*96 
795 8*6 

Recovery 1864 2064 -63 2.44 

Trushe Fund 1072 1145 +63 Z89 

Unw Tech Accum 533 565 -02 021 

to Income SS5 562 ' -62 62i 

WonawSH Trust l«4 I 1532 -0 1 OBJ 

TT TM h* Rn ACc 3222 342.7* +08 3 28 
OP tac 2068 222.1* +05 328 


PO Sox. iSt. Sactanfitm. Km flfl3 4K0 

01-858 9002 

+08 300 
+62 313 
. 033 
+1.8 618 
♦ IS 0 T 8 
-63 224 
+69 367 
-02 127 
-0.1 218 
-03 2.44 
+03 259 
-02 021 
-62 02l 

-01 QS2 

161. Cheeppde. London EC2V 6EU 
01-726 1999 

A uxri a h a 
Bwty tacome 
Grown i Me 
Japan Spaon 
Japan Sunnse 
Aral Euope 
firs Japan 
Frsf N Amer 
Am Smalar Co's 

580 817* 

54.1 57 8 
55 4 595* 

lias 1175c 
621 S87 

812 975 

81.2 885 
962 102.3* 
75 4 80S 
510 544 
62.7 674* 

+18 038 
+07 030 
+0.T 550 
-33 080 
-01 230 
+08 030 
+64 630 
-33 050 
+12 030 
+18 150 
+0.1 370 

16 Fendwch SL Lmfcn ECS 
61-623 8000 

named Inr 1210 1295 +64 211 

European me 865 9i.i +62 1.19 

DC Accun 1065 111.4 +62 1.19 

Gmar* he 15* J 1639 *12 286 

Do Accura 2089 221.9 +17 285 

GW Y«M he m6 1513c -0.1 856 

DO Accum 187 8 193 S -62 888 

tfetaYlati Inc 86 0 91J5 +63 648 

Do Accum 1692 1801 +08 5-48 

Jmsn hcome 2157 2271* +2.4 179 

£b Aram 2t?£ 2327 * + 2 .J 1?B 

N American Inc ns 516 +02 089 

_ Do A ccum 562 597 *03 089 

Pae*q Income isi 8 1202 +24 021 

Do Accum 1372 U4 3 +28 021 

Sn* Co s he 755 8i.2c +0.4 1.64 

to Accum 896 954* +03 164 

74-78 Fnsouy Psvernant London BC2A 1JD 
01-586 0777 tWig-0 1-638 0*75/5 McneyGUde 

Growth GW 560 609 - 6-1 641 

Capital Accum 284 8 0023* 
Energy Tnat 434 451 

Extra Income tEl5 i72l* 

Rrono* 1587 1«B8 

GW SaanetN 58 t* 

Growth I n r es t a t e* 280 1 2879 
hcoma S Growth 404 429* 
Japanese 8 PacMC 1353 1*35 

Mh Am* Growth 10*2 1108* 

hd Recorotv 112* 1195 

Smaaar Co's 2033 2182 

aatxt me TS 568 GO 4c 
Crown House, wntong GU2T 1XW 
04862 5033 

Hgn Income Trust 2008 2575 
Grown This 2212 230.6 

AmencBu Trust tSI.O 14l.| 

*. Mewwe CresoM. Efln o uah 
031-225 3492 

Amenean Fund 589 7-17 

Capal Fund Sl S 953* 

Growth 4 Inc Fund 1365 1395 
Hifln Dot Fund 1068 1142* 
bnenuunal Fund 1855 19a* 
Resources Fund 195 21.1 

Sn* Jap Cos Fnd 322 345 

Toiyo Finer 137.1 t*GS 

-65 157 
-01 3.72 
.. 5.10 
+05 206 
.. 699 
.. 1*7 
. 4.19 
+02 065 
+08 073 
-02 1.03 
+12 1.70 
-63 483 

|Exl Amer C 
(Exl Japen | 
lExi Racflfc 
(Ei) Smater 

137.8 1*23 
812 97 Je 
246* 2332 

Ml 1635 1895 

342 258 

+16 328 
+03 1 73 
+03 «30 
+03 5 Si 
+22 1.13 
+62 647 
+64 .. 
+34 017 
.. 326 
.. 025 

.. 610 
■62 388 

to Kajm 
N American he 
Do Accum 
Psc*e Income 
Do Accum 
Sn* &> » Inc 

to ACCum 


Bam Rml OwRattiaaL GUucaeur GL 53 7 U) 
00*2 521311 

UK Balanced Inc 86 * 74 . 0 c -61 2.70 

Do Accum 894 740c -01270 

UK Gwwm Acorn 76 B 842 * +02 123 
UK ftgn he tt 682 # ft? 

N American Aecun 560 704 

Far Eastern Accun 860 853 

European Accum 
UK GW 8 nine 
Da Accum 

70 1 74.8 -12 117 

558 80 Be +01 825 
58 8 GO Gc +0.1 825 

Admin Centro. Hexagon House. 28. Weatem 
RmO. Rcmkrt RmtSh 

Endurance 1011 1062 .. 133 


5. Bayiaai S0B6 Brarowod Emw* 

0277 0031 

Eauay DBWSUBOB 2880 287 7 . 212 

Do Aaaxn *204 4495 .. zi 2 

Do hcome fii 2 655 .. 456 

Eiraan 612 683 -14 156 

FvEanm 9 l 2 583 +!l 055 

(St That 8 U 860 * +66 645 

H Manmd 781 BO 2 c +11 113 

Natural Has 5*3 582 -01279 

N AIMnCdP Trtdt 760 BT 3 -42 244 

UK Special 8 ns Sl 6 652 .. 7.13 

R e g a t rara tot Gonng^eoe. wonting, w 

Do Acorn 
Biergy W 
Do Atom 
Extra Weems 
Do nwii 
G orman Gtn he 
DO Aaun 

DO Accum 

M Tech 
Japan Grow* 
Pa Accum 
K Amer A Gan 
to Accun 

1798 1922* +1.1 308 
3202 3*24 +2.1 308 

473 565 +66 32* 

511 557 +4L7 334 

1561 1665* +66 527 
2877 3012 +1 1 507 

562 82 2* +66 013 
502 822 +65 018 

2G53 2837* +22 4*8 
5223 5584 +44 4.45 

179.7 19316 +16 038 

187.7 2067 +1 6 638 

896 73.7 +26 062 

601 739 +25 if 07 

1046 111 B +65 682 

' 1124 ISM +86 092 



23 23 


•j . 

Fund raising fears could 
hit new-found confidence 

.The 29 point rise overnight 
■on Wall Street put some new 
heart back into the London 
stock market yesterday with 

f are prices racing away in a 
in market. 

. The FT Index finished at hs 

By Michael Clark 

account which starts today to 
help generate demand.' 

Takeover ' talk boosted 
Ranks Hons McDongall 6 p io 

21 2 p. Once again there is talk 

highest level of the day 153 up . that overseas trader S & W 


~ at 1340.0, but there were 
rumblings after hours that 
. another rights issue, or a 
major, share placing would be 

- Dealers have reported persis- 
' tent buying during this ac- 
count of Johnson A Firth 
7 Brown, the loss-making engi- 

ueering group. There are whis- 
pers that someone may have 
built np a near 5 per cent stake 
which has led to speculation 
. ■- that a bid may be on the way. 
7 The price dosed steady at 39p 

- -f 5p shy of hs peak. 

“■ Announced when trading re- 
sumes today. 

7 Top of the list of rights issue 
- 7 -Candidates last night was Ab- 
“bey Life which lost an early 
. lead to close only lp dearer at 

- 21 5p. There was also talk that 
; Cadbury Schweppes, un- 
. changed at 168p, would shake 

the market with a £90 million 
t Vendor placing to help pay for 
: its recent acquisition ofOina- 
' da Dry and Sunkist soft drinks 
- ; businesses from RJR Nabisco. 

; Despite the healthier out- 
■ Jpok, turnover remained low 
. with dealers left kicking their 
* heels as the long three week 
Bank Holiday account starting 
lb draw to a close. Market men 
■ -are now looking to the start of 
new time dealing for the next 

Berisford has sold its near IS 
per cent stake to a mystery 
buyer who will now launch a 
full bid for the company. 
There is talk that Berisford, 
recently the target of two bids 
from Tate & Lyle and 
HiUsdown that have now been 
referrred to the Monopolies 
Commission, is looking to 
expand in order to fend of any 
further unwanted advances. 
Berisford closed 8p higher at 


Bid talk was also good for 
Sears 6p dearer at 134p. That 
is a big rise for the stores group 
which boasts names like 
Selfridges and Dolds. But the 
market is disregarding sugges- 

tions that Sir Philip Harris's 
Harris Queeasway will team 
up with Great Universal 
Stores and make a bid. 
Scrimgeour Vickers the stock- 
broker was said to be big 
buyers of Sears yesterday and 
there is talk that the shares are 
long overdue fora rerating 

Also in stores Boots, the 
High Street chemist, stopped 
Ip to 263p ahead of figures 
later today. Analysts are look- 
ing for pretax profits of be- 
tween £193 milli on and £198 
million, including property 
sales, compared with £190.3 
million last time. Boots is said 
ro have warned analysts not to 
set their sites too high this 
year, ends 

In foods, Mrs Fields made 
its expected drab debut at 
125p — a discount of I5p on 
the offer price of 140p. S A W 
Berisford improved 6p to 

226p on a report that the near- 
15 per cent holding in Ranks 
Hovis is up for sale. RHM put 
on 5p to 21 Ip. 

'Fine Fare sale hopes also 
boasted AB Foods by 4p to 
336p, but Tesco failed to 

capitalize on the record profits 
2 p to 

378p, after touching 385p 

increase and 

immediately after 


Ward White rose another 4p 
to 316p yesterday — for a two- 
day gam of 16p. Analysts 
chum the group is pleased with 
sales growth. Halfords is said 
to be sharply higher, while the 
recent acquisition Payless 
DIY is already 17 per cent np 
on last year. Brokers such as 
Mr Tom Wyatt of Kktnwort 
Grievesoo say the shares look 
good value. 



Antler (130p) 
Arlington (rfi 



Dalepak (107p) 
Davies DY (IS! 
Dean & B 
Debtor (1! 

62 +2 
216 -2 
149 +4 

Templeton (2l5p) 
Tech Project (1400) 
Tip Top 
Usher (F 



Bunnah OB 
Cam- A*en 



Harris Qway N/P 
President Bit N/P 
Rainers N/P 
Robinson (T) 

(Issue price in brackets). 

99 -1 
141 +1 










Metal Closures was lifted 
lOp to 19 Ip, awaiting take- 
over developments from the 
talks with Waddiogton. Re- 
cent good results continued to 
support Fine Arts at 1 58p and 
Crystalate 228 p, both up 8p, 
but a heavy profits setback 
knocked' 7p from Air Call at 

Harrisons A CrosGeld also 
disappointed with a 30 per 
cent decline io earnings, down 
Sp to 378p. Bdgrave Holdings 
gained 7p to 1 17p as Interna- 
tional Securities m creased its 
stake to just under 30 per cent 

Spitalfields* redevelopment 
prospects stimulated London 
& Edinburgh Trust at 71 Op, up 
25p, but disappointing profits 
Clipped 3p from MEPC at 


GROUP: The chairman, Mr 
Kenneth Sid die, says in his 
annual statement that the group 
feces the future with confidence. 
Although 1986 provides some 
uncertainties, the management 
and investment programme 
gives the four main divisions 
great potential for increased 

• B1SICHI TIN CO: Results 
for year to December 31. Divi- 
dend 0.65p (same). Turnover 
254,000 (256,000), group profit 
before tax and extraordinary 
items 80.439 (77,901). Earnings 
per share 0.90p (0.95).The chair- 
man. Mr M A Heller, said 
tha (results for 1986 should be 

dend 0.30p (0.24). Figures in 
£000 for year to December 31. 
Turnover 706 (533). group 

S ofil before tax and extraor- 
oary items 393 (3 11). Earnings 
per share, basic 1.60p (0.95), 
fully diluted 1.48p (nil). 



has acquired 
Burnley, for 




ANCE: In respect of the pro- 
posals for a group 
reorganization and the cancella- 
tion of the company’s 10 per 
cent and 25 per cent listed 
preference shares at prices of 
140p and 70p per share 
respectively.the directors have 
decided to increase slightly the 
consideration to 143prorthe 10 
per cent preference and to 72p 
for the 25 per cent preference. 

• MARLEY: The company 
says that ft considers the US 
should be a major centre for 
future expansion of its building 
products interests. It has signed 
an agreement with the board of 
the Genera] Shale Products 
Corporation, of Johnson City. 
Tennessee, to make a tender 
offer for General Shale at $30 
per share, payable in cash. The 
offer values General Shale at 
$93.9 million. 

More company news, 
page 24 

US tourism was rising 
before Libya bombing 

By Derek Hams, Industrial Editor 
Americans were keener per head in Britain. 


than ever to come to Britain 
before the bombing of Libya. 

. There were 15 per cent more 
'.visitors from north America 
' in the first quarter of this year 
compared with the same peri- 
od of 1985. The transatlantic 
! - flow in March was up 20 per 

' This trend holds out some 
hope that the flood of cancel- 
lations in April and May, with 
; American bookings estimated 
to be down a third or more 
because of worries over terror- 

■ ism, may not be quite as big a 
; disaster for the British tourism 

industry as has been feared. 

- Provisional estimates from 
the Department of Employ- 
ment yesterday showed 2.6 
million visits to Britain from 
overseas in the first quarter of 
this year, a 10 per cent rise 
over the same period last year. 

The improvement came 
• largely from north America, 
’ which showed the biggest rise 
in the number of visitors, and 
from Western Europe which 
was up 12 percent. There were 
; 560,000 visitors from north 

■ America which was rather 
more than a fifth of all those 
fix>m abroad. 

Overseas visitors have, 
however, been spending less 


quarter expenditure was £905 
million — about the same as 
last year. 

Mr Leonard Lfckorish, di- 
rector general of the British 
Tourist Authority, said the 
first quarter figures were 

“■ Although we must expect 
some fell-off in transatlantic 
travel for April and May BTA 
is cautiously optimistic for the 
year as a whole, "he said. - 

“It is the beginning not the 
end of the main tourist season. 
Furthermore about 80 per 
cent of our overseas visitors 
come from, countries other 
than the United States.” 

Britons made 3.7 minion 
visits abroad in the first 
quarter of this year, a 12 per 
cent rise on the same period 
lastyear. •• 

They were also spending 
more abroad, the first quarter 
showing a rise of 6 percent. It 
drove the balance of payments 
account info deficit in March 
to foe extent of £85 million 
compared with a £9 million 
surplus the previous March. 
The first quarter still shows a 
surplus of £10 million but this 
contrasts with £57 million in 
hand during the same period 


Reed Accountancy: Mr Iain 
Gamage has been made man- 
aging director. 

Cadogan Consolidated: Mr 
Christopher Randag has been 
appointed executive director. 

Wiggins Group: Mr Jeff 
Fanstoue has joined the board. 

County Bank: Mr Peter St 
George has been made a 

Mariey: Mr Peter Aldridge 
has joined the board. 

Granada Group: Mr An- 
drew Quinn is now a director. 

Govett Atlantic Investment 
Trust: Mr Paul Nix has been 
made a director. 

APV Holdings: Mr D B 
Hefner and Mr E H Sharp 
have been elected to foe 

BS & B Safety Systems: Mr 
Hugh Beveridge has been 
appointed group vice presi- 
dent - international market- 

Clayform takes 3.47% 
stake in Percy Bilton 

By Cliff Felfoam 

Percy Bilton, foe house- 
builder and property develop- 
er, sounded foe alert yesterday 
after a routine check of its 
share register showed that a 
3.47 per cent holding had been 
bought by foe much smaller 
Unlisted Securities Market 
company Clayform Proper- 

Bilton was able to flush out 
foe ownership of the holding 
built up in nominee names 
under section 204 of foe 
Companies Act- 

In a statement to sharehold- 
ers, Bilton said: “The motives 
of Clayform Properties for 
acquiring, this shareholding 
are unknown but foe making 
of investments of this nature 
and size is not within foe 
ordinary course of Us 

Mr Ron Rosenblatt, a direc- 
tor of Percy Billon, said: “We 
have no idea what they are up 
to but obviously we are anx- 
ious as to their intentions. 
Naturally we would resist a 
bid if foal, is what they are 

pl anning ." 

Mr Michael O’Hall ora n, a 
Gayfbrm director, would not 
comment on whether foe 
stake was acquired as a plat- 
form for a bid. “We think it is 
a reasonably attractive com- 

pany to invest in, but we never 
discuss what we are thinking 
of doing nexChe said. 

Percy Bilton shares were 
unchanged at 262p in foe 
slock market where the group 
is valued at around £106 
million, about four times foe 
size of Clayform. 

Percy Bilton has been moni- 
toring its share register on a 
regular basis ever since it 
fought ofFabid three years ago 
from Trust Securities. 

Any bidder would need to 
win foe support of foe femily 
interests in foe group held 
through the Glenhazel Invest- 
ment Trust and which account 
for 33 per cent of foe equity. 

Oayfonn Properties came 
to foe USM just over a year 
ago to specialize in buying and 
developing retail outlets in 
city centres. 


Unsung strategy hits 
right note at Tesco 

Tesco’s drive to move up- 
market has probably oc- 
curred faster than 
perceptions have changed 
among its customers and 

But despite having a High 
Street image which is still at 
adds with reality, foe im- 
provements are being reflect- 
ed in the net margin on sales. 
This showed an increase of a 
fell percentage point to 3.7 
per cent in foe year to 
February 22. announced 

The margin improvement 
was helped somewhat by a 
change in the accounting 
treatment of interest. 

Like the sector leader 
Sainsbury, Tesco now capi- 
talizes interest on foe funding 
of its store expansion pro-, 
gramme. It does not yet 
include properly profits in 
the margin calculation, but if 
it did. its net margin would 
still be a full point below 

Nevertheless, yesterday’s 
results are a solid vindication 
of Tesco's strategy. Turnover 
was up 12 per cent to £3.35 
million. Excluding inflation 
of 4 per cent, there was an 
estimated volume gain of 8 
per cent, of which established 
stores contributed 6 per cent 
and new stores foe balance. 

Pretax profit was np 51 per 
cent to £122.9 million, boost- 
ed by interest received on foe 
rights issue cash and the 
capitalization of interest 

Tesco plans to spend £233 
million opening 1 1 new 
stores, building two exten- 
sions and refurbishing exist- 
ing s tores in the year to next 
February. This will add more 
than 400,000 square feet to its 
net selling area of 7 million 
square feet 

It will continue to seek 
increases in its net margin 
through a better mix of sales 
(more high margin items such 
as fresh fruit vegetables and 
bakeries), increased produc- 
tivity in retail wages (it 
improved by 5 per cent last 
year) and through more effi- 
cient distribution. 

In its move up-market it is 
developing a better range of 
quality products for own 
label, especially in fresh 
foods, which are 85 per cent 
own label, and textiles, which 
are largely own labeL 

It is also identifying and 
rationalizing inefficient space 
and turning it over to higher 
margin goods. It is therefore 
contracting its DIY exposure, 
concentrating on the high 
volume, convenience end 
rather than trying to compete 
with B & Q. 

The benefits of the changes 
which are taking place within 
Tesco are being concealed to 

some extent by foe ongoing 
costs. But pretax profit in 
1986-87 should approach 
£150 million. This puts the 
shares on a prospective mul- 
tiple of about 17, and the 
shares may consolidate 
around this level, having 
outperformed the sector 


The use of time-recording 
equipment, not surprisingly, 
dates back to the industrial 
revolution when “docking- 
on" and “dodring-off" was 
the standard method of mon- 
itoring employees' timekeep- 

Blick. a company whose 
origins date back to 1919, is a 
market leader in foe supply of 
this type of equipment It is 
seeking a full listing on foe 
London Stock Exchange next 

The offer price of I47p 
values Blick at £29.4 million. 
The 7.3 million shares being 
offered amount to 36.5 per 
cent of the company and will 
raise £1.3 million. 

The company markets a 
comprehensive range of time- 
keeping equipment from foe 
traditional electro-mechani- 
cal equipment to electronic 
and computerized equip- 
ment It also manufactures, 
sells and rents paging equip- 

Some 67 per cent of its 
£13.4 million turnover is 
generated by equipment sales 
and foe rest from its continu- 
ing customer base — equip- 
ment rental, maintenance 
and repeat supplies. 

The five-year profit record 
is somewhat marred by losses 
on discontinued businesses. 
A (oss of 1.05p per share in 
1982 was principally incurred 
due to reoiganizalion costs of 
ITR, a time-recording equip- 
ment company acquired in 

The directors forecast earn- 
ings per share of !0.48p for 
foe year to September 30, 
1986. The offer is therefore 
priced on a multiple of 14, 
about the market average; not 
unreasonable for a company 
whose health depends on foe 
health of industry in general. 
The gross yield of 3.3 per cent 
is below foe market yield of 
3.8 per cent. 

Harrisons & 

Shareholders in Pauls who 
followed the recommenda- 
tion of their board in accept- 
ing Harrisons & Crosfiela's 
paper offer last year have 
cause for regret. After they 

surrendered their shares in 
Pauls, a steady if dull per- 
former, Harrisons & Cros- 
field's shares sank from 443p 
to a low of 327p last October. 
Yesterday they were 385p. 

Harrisons & Crosfield 
launched its bid for Pauls ata 
time of rising profits. A year 
later the picture is distinctly 
less comfortable. Yesterday 
the company announced 
profits of £58.5 million, down 
by 30 per cent. 

Just as plantations were the 
biggest factor in 1984’s record 
profits, they were also foe 
company's downfall last year. 
The main culprit is the palm 
oil price which has fallen 
finn a July 1984 peak of $937 
a tonne to $230 now, $10 off 
foe low of three weeks ago. 

The problem has been 
exasperated by Harrisons & 
Crosneld's work on increas- 
ing yields, which has unfortu- 
nately come to fruition just as 
foe world market for edible 
oils has become seriously 
oversupplied. The market for 
other commodities such as 
rubber, cocoa and coconut 
have been less badly affected 

Overall the profit from 
plantations- fell from £49.4 
million to £27.1 milion and 
with no sign of an upturn in 
foe palm oil price, foe out- 
look for this year is not 

The company was also hit 
by currency movements, 
which reduced last year’s 
profits by £9.4 million. It is 
considering a move to aver- 
age exchange rates. 

Despite problems with 
commodity prices, the com- 
pany says its non-plantation 
interests are doing welL Last 
year chemicals rose from 
£1 6.0 million to £1 8.7 million 
despite a worse-than-expect- 
ed performance in foe North 
American distribution busi- 
ness. The mixed general trad- 
ing group was also disap- 

Pauls, the animal feed 
company, contributed £10 
million in the nine months 
since its acquisition, roughly 
in line with Pauls' own 
forecast for foe whole of 1985 
made at foe time of the bid 

The company has main- 
tained its dividend at the cost 
of reverting to a dividend 
cover of only 1.4 times. 
Given that its balance sheet is 
by no means stretched with 
gearing at 35 per cent, it is 
probably prepared to see that 
cover decline even further, 
which makes foe yield of 73 
per cent fairly attractive. 

The company says it is less 
dependent on commodity 
prices than it once was but 
investors looking for a capital 
gain should watch the palm 
oil price before jumping in.- 

Interim Statement 

SKF Group profit for January to March 1986 amounted to 359 million 
Swedish kronor after financial income and expense as compared with 
388 million for the corresponding 1985 period. Sales rose 4 per cent to 
5,149 million kronor: 

Jan-March 85 * Jan-March 86 

Sales (MSkr) 



Operating income after 
depredation (MSkr) . 



Eammgs after financial 
mcome and expense (MSkr) 



Capital expenditure (MSkr) 



Average number of employees 



Rolling bearing demand in Europe continued to improve. The position in 
North America regarding demand was largely unchanged compared with 
the preceding three months. In components and component systems, 
market conditions were favourable both in Europe and America. 

A somewhat weakened rolling bearing income was attributable to losses 
by SKF Industries in the USA. The American company^ rationalization 
programme however began to make itself felt, with significant 
improvement in productivity and greater stability in business activities. 

Capital expenditure totalled 122 million kronor (120). Earnings per Parent 
Company share were 10.05 kronor (10.65). 

In April this year, AB SKF and the owners of Ovako Oy Ab, Finland, 
agreed on a merger between the Finnish company and SKFs steel, 
operations. The resulting steel group becomes Europe's largest in special 
steel with a turnover estimated at 5.5 billion kronor. 

Aktiebolaget SKF, S-415 50 Goteborg, Sweden 

£1000 worth £1388 after 12 months’ 

• Share price up 3&S5& 

• Dividend nplUU% 

• Net assets up 30.94% to 
£824 million 

i Profits up to £19.7 million 
Two for one share issue 
Globe has the sue and muscle to take significant 
stakes in underran*! and growth companies inter- 
nationally and exciting areas like management buyouts 
and property development. Our year's results show once 
again bow Globe turns size to profitable advantage. Our 
dividends have increased every year for the past 20 , beating 
inflation by 50%. 

Find out how. r you can benefit. 

Globe Group Services Limited 



Tfr.JOtmQa^TftcSrattark^GKfcc investment Trust PLC. 

FREEPOST Bectm House Temple Place. London WC2RJBR. 

Tfckphone 0»-856 " r ~66 


Dc&rib of your Shareholders Savings and Shan; Purchase Scheme 






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a left 
ip and 
ig by 
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Op to 
tat foe 
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1986 . 




•fear io 31 March 1986 

T-m- . - 

— MJM AMCfc AIM!) UNJDUa 1 K i 

THE'XlMcS lnuxc^jUA-Y MAY 2y 1986 

to investors 

The rate of interest on 
Shares and Deposits will 
be reduced by 
0-75% p.a. with effect 
: from 1st June 1986. 

C®lc!ieStSr Building Societv 


' Anyone can succeed. 
Don't dream about it, learn 
how in . . . 

How to succeed as an 
entrepreneur by 

the man who bought the 

— ^ 




Warning on buildings depreciation 

By Judith Huntley 

The impact of obsolescence 
on property values is of crucial 
importance to the property 
world, although few are pre- 
pared to tackle it head on. But 
in a rapidly changing econo- 
my. it is a subject none can 

Recent property revalua- 
tions undertaken by quoted 
property companies demon- 
strate how much of an impact 
ageing property can have on 
the overall value of invest- 
ment portfolios. 

The College of Estate Man- 
agement has just produced a 
paper on the depreciation of 
commercial property which is 
described by Mr Peter Hunts- 
man, the principal of the 
college, as “our most signifi- 
cant research for a decade”. 

Its findings reveal that prop- 
erty. normally considered an 
inflation hedge, can no longer 
be taken as such. The implica- 
tion ofthe research is that only 
"hands-on management" will 
prevent buildings becoming 

Property is no longer a long- 
term asset which can be 
bought and left alone. It will 
depreciate unless lime and 
money is spent on keeping it 
up to its full investment 
potential. And the researchers 
argue that current yield levels 
for some types of new proper- 
ty are loo low to allow for the 
impact of building depreciat- 

One of the most unexpected 
findings of the research is that 
depreciation hits buildings 
early in their life. In the office 
and industrial sectors, for 
example, the average rate of 
depreciation in rental and 

MEPC profits rise 10% 

MEPC, one of Britain’s largest 
property companies, which is the sub- 
ject of takeover speculation, re- 
vealed its interim results yesterday. 
Pretax profits for the half year to 
March 31 were £27.1 million, a 10.1 
per cent rise on the same period the 
previons year. The net income from 
investment properties rose from 
£37.5 million to £43.6 million belped 
by the acquisition of the English 
Property Corporation last year. 

EPC brought Lee House in the 
City of London to MEPC which in- 
tends redeveloping the building _ 
and bridging over London Wall in a 
£65 million, 335,000 sq ft office 
scheme. - 

The company says its develop- 
ment programme stands at a record 

£500 milli on with £61 million of __ 
capital expenditure worldwide this 
year. MEPC is a contender to build 
500,000 sq ft of offices above Cannon 
Street Station in the City- 

Earnings per share are 7.5p 
compared with 7.4p for the 1985 In- 
terim figure. The company predicts 
more trading profits in the second 
half. It has re-financed its debt in a 
£200 million, medium-term syn- 
dicated facility through NJVL 

Takeover speculation still sur- 
rounds the company, with names such 
as Trafalgar House, which denies 
bid talks, Hongkong Land and 
Hammerson being mooted. But 
with a market capitalization of more 
than £715 million, any bid would 
have to be agreed. 

capital values is slightly higher 
over the first 10 years of the 
buildings' life with the peak 
depreciation between the fifth 
and tenth years. 

The report warns; “This has 
obvious and worrying impli- 
cations. as property invest- 
mem performance and pricing 
are largely determined by 
returns in the early years of an 
asset's life on account of the 
time value of money”. 

It raises the question of 
whether the standard 25-year 
institutional lease is doomed 
to extinction. If properties 
have to have intensive man- 
agement to maintain their 
value, shorter leases, which 
are gradually creeping into the 

market, win have to become 
the norm. This means that' 
property would be a higher- 
risk, higher-return business 
than it has been of late. 

The dearest example of this 
is the development and man- 
agement of the covered shop- 
ping centre. The OEM’s 
research shows that large 
property investors are particu- 
larly worried that yield levels 
for such new schemes, as well 
as offices, do not make ade- 
quate allowance for deprecia- 
tion. Their fears are well 
founded for offices in some 
locations, according to the 

Building depreciation is un- 
dermining property's ability 

to act as an inflation hedge. 
Information produced in the 
report shows that in many 
locations the rental value of a 
20-year-old office or industrial 
building is no more than 55 
per cent of a new building 
This implies a relative fall-off 
in rental value of 3 per cent a 

The gap between the capital 
value of a new and 20-year-oid 
building is even more marked. 
It is not uncommon to find 
that the capital value of a 20- 
year-old property is no more 
than 35 percent of its modem 
counterpart, implying an an- 
nual fell in value of 5.4 per 
cent, according to the re- 
searchers. It is hard to see how 

property can be an inflation 

hedge when jwfced m 


The CEM report* has come 
up with a depreciatmn-senst- 
tive form of appraising prop- 
erty investment It says this 
will help investors to avow 
buying over-pneed assets m 

terms of the allowanc es to be 
made for budding depreca- 
tion. Conversely, it may also 
highlight underpriced proper- 
lies where the vagaries of the 
market have resulted in too 
steep a fell in value. 

There are legal* rad .fiscal 
problems to be tackled m the 
process of dealing with depre- 
ciation. The VAT regulations 
are a deterrent' to granting 
short-term leases and the 
Landlord and Tenant Act does 
not help either. 

Some areas are insulated 
from the effects of deprecia- 
tion by the high underlying 
value of the land on which 
buildings' stand. But in the 
hard-hit north of the country, 
new development is hard to 
find where profits are to w, 
even without the prospect of 
depreciation to be taken into 
account .... 

Reform of the existing legis- 
lation would be the necessary 
implication for any policy 
designed to steer property 

development and investment 

away from the South and Eas 
ofEngland. And indeed it may 
have to come about even 
there, if property investors are 
to see an adequate return from ■ 
their buildings compared with 
other investment vehicles. 

* Depredation of Commer- ■ 
dal Properly by Francis 
Sal way. Published by the Coir 
lege of Estate Management. 
Whiteknights, Reading RG6 

LET group 
in race for 
market site 

The Spitalfiekis Develop- 
ment Group, comprising Lon-> 
don & Edinburgh Trust rad ;; 
Balfour Beatty, believes it bra 

the winning hand m any bid to - 

redevelop the she of the 
SpitalfiekJsfimt and vegetable 

market on the eastern edge of • 

the City of London. 

The developers have iw* ■' 
aces — an alternative site for •*- 
the market (a factor which _ 

prevented redevelopment era - 

lier) and ownership of pan of " 
the key frontage 10 the site on ~ 

Bishopsgatc. . ' 

But that may not be enough > 
to persuade the City Corpora- ~ 
non to sell them the freehold v 
of Spitalfiekis market. The 
corporation is likely to put the 
she out to tender and com peti- 
tion will be fierce. 

Rosehaugh/Stanhope is one 
contender, having already cor- t 
nered the office market at: 
Liverpool Street Station and 
along Bishopsgale. 

Norwich Union also has'- 
two buildings fronting Bish-*' 
opsgaie. which gives it a useful 
band in the game. And County r 
and District Properties, the 
British property arm of the : : 
Costain Group, also has a she'-- 
Any one of these may try to 
package* deal for the 14-acre 
she. LET and Balfour Beatty" 
are looking for other partners 1 
The area is politically sensi- ' 
live. The London Borough of ! 
Tower Hamlets, although not 
the market owner, is con-' v 
cerned to see local needs’, 
catered for. There will be a 
substantial dement of plan- : 
ning gain to be extracted from . 
a redevetopment. LET has : 

Arab group in £50m office development 

• The COR-DOR Group, 
a consortium of Arab inter- 
ests, has signed an agree- 
ment with the London 
Docklands Development 
Corporation to develop a £50 
million 240.000 sq ft office 
scheme In the Isle of Dogs en- 
terprise zone. 

The site is next to the 
new Floor headquarters in 
West India Dock and faces 
over Canary Wharf, the scene 
of the 20 million sq ft fi- 
nancial centre proposed by a 
consortium of foreign 

COR-DOR was origi- 
nally to have developed in Ca- 
nary Wharf, bat the 
LDDC decided to allow the 
banking consortium to pro- 
ceed with its plans which de- 
pend on parliamentary 
approval fa* an extension of 
the Docklands Light Rail- 

way into the heart of the City 
from the Isle of Dogs. 

Grant & Partners, one of 
the first commercial estate 
agents into docklands, is 
acting for COR-DOR as the 
letting and selling agent 
• Grosvenor Square Prop- 
erties, which is developing the 
London Pavilion in Picca- 
dilly, is turning its attentions 
to the City. It is carrying 
out a joint development with 
the owner of a site In St 
John's Lane adjoining the 
13th century Arch of St 
John, north ofSnrithfield, the 
meat market 

Grosvenor Square plans 
two office buildings totalling 
34,000 sq ft It will sell for 
owner occupation or let the 
buildings which will be 
completed by the autumn of 
1987. The letting agents 
are King & Co and Pamis 

*/. /• 


(Subject to Audit) 

Group profit before interest and taxation 
Group profit before taxation 
Earnings for Ordinary shareholders 

year ended 31st December 

£ million 




£ milium 




Earnings per Ordinary share 
Dividends per Ordinary share 





ORDINARY DIVIDEND The Board recommaitb a final dividend of IS.Sp per dare, making, wiih the nuefimof Op per afaare, a total far 1983 of 
20p per ibarc (TS-Zop with ibe reeled las ardii I. Tlx: total dividend far 1984 was 20p per share. 

Notes Tbe comparative figures far die year ended 31* December 19S4 are on exoaa from the fuflaccoonn for that year wfakb bare been filed viih the 
gwit iwi- nf C om pa nies and on wbidi the auditon gave an unqualified opauen. 

Low prices for some of the Group’s 
plantation products and adverse 
exchange rate movements were material 
factors affecting the profits for 1985. 


Profit before interest £27. 1m (1984£49.4m) 

Crops from all plantation interests were higher than or 
close to the records of 19S4. Because of the dramatic foil 
in the price of palm oil to the lowest level in real terms 
since the Second Vforid War, profits were much reduced. 

Chemicals & Industrial 

Profit before interest £18. 7m (1984 £16.0m) 

All manufacturing companies in the UK and Europe 
were highly profitable with production and demand at 
acceptable levels for mast of the principal products. 
Excellent profits were made in chemical distribution in 
the UK and better performances were achieved in 
Australia and the West Coast of the USA; elsewhere in 
the USA margins were lifted but turnover suffered 
slightly, as was to be expected. The Canadian business 
did cot improve as anticipated and much remains to be 
done by the new' management team in that country. 
Against a background of reduced mining activity and 
before development costs in the USA, Linaiex 
operations accomplished further growth. 


Profit before interest £10m 
The offer for Pauls pic was declared 
unconditional on 2nd April 1985 and the Pauls 
results have been included from that date. 

All divisions of Pauls performed satisfactorily 
and dose to their operating budgets. 

Umber and Building Supplies 

Profit before i nter es t £7.6m( 1984 £lLOm) 

The worst winter for twenty years exacerbated ibe 
down-turn in building activity at the beginning of 1985, 
producing lower UK open ting profits in ibe first sx 
months. C o rrect i ve meas ure s tafcen arc reflected in 
mudi better profits in tire second half of the year, a 
trend which has continued into 1986, although te m p er ed 
in the early months by m ek me m weather. 

General Trading 

Profit before interest £5. 7m (1984 £7. 9m) 

This division suffered a setback from the widespread 
recession which affected many areas. Good results were 
again achieved by the jute mattering business and by 
New Zealand. 


Whb commodity prices at current levels and worid 
over-production of edible oils, it is difficult to predict the 
likely earnings of the Plantation Division for 1986. 
Agricultural output is most satisfactory and costs are well 
conaofled but much leeway las robe reco v ered in prices 
before returns can be considered acceptable. The 
rtymiral maniifortnring ram panics haw* opened the 
year whh very encouraging profits. It is anticipated 
that further useful lmprOTemmts will also be 
rtijiA* hy the riiwn kal diqrihuiinn huringgses 
in North America. For 1986 we will have the 
benefit of a full year’s profits from Pauls; 
their various subsidiaries have started the 
year well and should make a sizeable 
contribution in all areas, although 
romppl i rirm^ pgr rifubrl y in animal frwfa 
and mal t, remains interne. 

• Tokyo has joined the 
City as the world's most ex- 
pensive office location, ac- 
cording to the latest s ur v e y 
from Richard Ellis, the 
firm of chartered surveyors. 

The total cost of occupy- 
ing offices there is now £60.41 
a sq ft, in line with the 
Square Mile at £60.65 a sq ft 
Richard Ellis says Tokyo's 
costs show a 20 per cent rise 
since November after a 5 
per cent rise in rents and the 
stre ng th ening of the yen 
against the pound. 

The shortage of prime 
office space in Tokyo means 
that firms are leasing the 
best quality offices they can 
find in secondary locations 
which are seeing dramatic 
rental growth. 

New York's mid-town 
Manhattan area le gs behind 
both cities with total costs 
of £45.72 a sq ft, followed by 


ENERGY TRUST: Net asset 
value per ordinary share at the 
close of business on May 23 was 
1 15 Jp after deduction of prior 
charges at par and 1 I7Jp after 
deduction of prior charges at 
market value. • 

making 2.6p (2.4). Figures in 
£000 for year to April 30. Gross 
investment income 3,722 
(4,122), pretax revenue 3,146 
(2.825). tax 1,087 (1,088). Earn- 
ings per share 2.63p (2J>4p). A 
major investment was made in 
continental Europe, taking 
investment there from 6 per 
.cent to 20.3 per cent of assets. 

company is to discontinue win- 
dow production. It is to sell aD 
its snares in RR-Ddcunakeskus 
Oy, which h owns jointly with 
Swedish Match, to five Finnish 
window producers. 

company has awarded the 
Barclays Bank group a mandate 
for a $80 million, or currency 
equivalent, uncommitted ster- 
ling tender panel acceptance and 
multi-currency cash advance 
facility incorporating a sterling 
commercial paper option. 

the West End of London at 
£40.70 asq ft 

A look at rents alone, 
excluding rates and service 
charges, shows that 
Tokyo’s are £49.64 a sq ft 
compared with the City’s 
£37.50. But the Square Mile 
has rates that are addition- 
ally 48 per cent of the rent 
compared with Tokyo's 10 ■ 
per cent. Service charges are 
similar in both locations. 

Hong Kong has seen 
rents increase by 40 per cent 
in the past year to £27.06 a 
sq ft, a sharp contrast to foe 
foils seen during the de- 
mise of the property market in 

• Board changes are afoot 
at Haslemere Estates, the 
property company taken 
over by Rodamco, the Dutch 

Mr Gerald PoweD, joint 
managing director, and Mr 

Tim O'Rourke and Mr 
Andrew HamSton, co- direc- 
tors, are resigning from the 
company. Urey mil leave af- 
ter July 31. Mr Paul van 
Ronmnde, from Rodamco, 
stays as m a n aging director. 

• Swire Properties, the 
Hong Kong-based developer, 
has paid HK$J billion 
(£8533arillkm), a record 
prioe, f<u a Government- 
owned site at Victoria BaF 
racks in the colony. The 
purchase consolidates Swire's 
holdings at Victoria Bar- 
racks on which it is develop- 
ing an office and hotel 

The sites are in Hong 
Kong's central district, the 
heart efthecdony’s finan- 1 
dal area, and are dose to the 
new Bank of China bmld- 
ing and a 989,000-sq-ft office 
scheme being developed by 
Far East interests. 


MERSEYSIDE): No interim 
dividend. Figures in £000 for six 
months to March 31. Turnover 
1,097 (1,424). pretax loss 169 
(loss 49), loss per share 6.1 Ip 
‘(1.89). The company says that 
the disappointing result reflects 
the continued trading position 
of the independent radio in- 
dustry and the poor economy of 
Meiseyside. But the major por- 
tion of the loss was incurred by 
the Beatie City exhibition, 
which is now bring transferred 
to Transworld Ldsure.Tbe com- 
pany is gaining the full benefit of 
a number of economies, and it is 
anticipated that there will be a 
trading profit in the second half 

CAN TRUST: Interim I.4p 
(same). Figures in £000 for half 
year to April 30. Gross income 
1507 (2184), pretax revenue 862 
( 1680 ), revenue after charges 
and tax 571 (1074)Eamings per 
share 1.63p (3.13) The board 
intends to maintain the same 
tout! dividend, although it will 
n ot be fully co vered by revenue. 

for three months to March 31. 
Figures in $ro. Operating in- 
come 56.9 (150.9), net income 
6.0 (44.8). Earnings per com- 
mon share 0. 1 1 (0.85). 

INGS: The chairman, Mr Tam 
Clarice, says in his annual 
statement that the group’s 
performance in the first quarter 
is ahead of the corresponding 
period and that, provided the 
usual seasonal upturn is the 
second half materializes, the 
company should be well placed 
•to bene fit. 

The chairman, Mr W G 
R unci man, says in his annual 
report that results so fir this 
year are satisfactory, and he 
expects that provided interest 
and exchange rates do not move 
against the company, pretax 
profits for the full year will be 
higher than in 1985. 

ING AREAS: The board and its 
financial advisers regard Metals 
Exploration's unsolicited offer 
as “wholly unacceptable.” The 
board has commissioned fresh 
valuations of all major assets, 
and it says that indications are 
that these will result in an asset 
value substantially in excess of 
the offer. 

AGENTS: A total of 3,131,610 
new ordinary shares (approx 
93.9 per cent) have been taken 
up under the rights offer. 

already talked to the council 

The retail element of its 
scheme will be part of the 
planning gain, although it will 
be commercially viable. The 
residential aspect is likely to 
be housing association accom- 
modation. The office dement, 
therefore, has to make the 
project financially viable. 

The consortium is working 
to the idea that several US and . 
British banks will still be 
looking for space as a result of 
big brag. Spitalfiekis could 
provide the answer. 

LET admits it has a very 
tight timetable (it hopes to 
make its planning application 
hi July for a completion in ; 
1990) in which to get the 
scheme off the ground before 
the heat goes out of the City 
office market. 

Meanwhile, LET has invest- 
ed £12 million in buying a 
former British Rail engineer- 
ing works, three miles from . 
Spitalfiekis at Temple Mills, 
close to the proposed ex ten- ■ 
sion of the Mil, as the 
possible ate for a market. 

dividend. Results for six 
months to November 30. Turn- 
over £105,274 (£228.829). loss 
before tax £3,815 (profit 
£1,229). Loss per share 0.005 p 
(earnings 0.002p)_ The reduc- 
tion in turnover wasbecause of a 
substantial -fill in business with 
one particular customer. 





Adam 8 Company 


Continental Trust 

Hong Kong & Shanghai. 
LtiJfds Bade. 

Nat Wtetnanster 

Bank of Scotland.. 

Citibank NA. 

- 10 . 00 % 


10 .00% 



10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

nr: n nr— :n*m nr— ::r:n nr:n ::: 5 

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The Annual General Meeting held on€th May 1968 approved the 
Accounts for the 1985 financial year and the payment of a net 
dividend of BEF 103 on ordinary shares (against BEF 96 for 1984) 
and BEF 131 net for AFV shares ( comp a red with BEF 107.50 for 

The 1985 accounts show a pro- 
fit Of BEF 2.8 trtlion. 423% up 
on the previous year. As at 31st 
December 1985 the value of the 
company's investments was es- 
timated at close on BEF 70 bil- 
lion against BEF 57.3 bNlton in 
1984, while shareholders’ funds 
totalled BEF 455 bilBon. 

Other mafcf evens in 1985 in- 
cluded an international share 
Issue on the European capita! 
market, foe pursuit of foe 
strategy of consolidation and 
rearrangement of foe com- 
pany’s investment hokfings 
(GECHEM. CMB, etc) and the 
continuation of the development 

strategy in the areas of interna- 
tional trading, financial en- 
gineering and electronics, tele- 
communications and media. 

REPORT 1985 

The Extraordinary General Meet- 
ing vyhich was held after the Or- 
dinary General Meeting ap- 
proved art increase in the com- 
share capita! through a 
one-for-ten rights issue at a 
tfee of BEF 2.600 per new 
snare. The public subscription 
period will run from 22 May to 5 
done 1986. 

InformationDepartment, Rue Royaie 30, EMooo Bross^ 
using Ibe reply coupon below 


}. Surname — 
i Forename® . 


Address— — 

i Post Code, City - 


,'fjn ^ ‘ ! *% 

n v 




t 0D3' 

-- „■ 

David Smith talks to the man who says ‘No’ — John McGregor, Chief Treasury Secretary _^aw^port^^^29^98£ 

Sr«il Keeper of the public purse Discovery test 

z; F V: £, 7 . F . J £3523* same as for 

laces a rough Cabinet ride 

The Chief Secretary to the 
Treasury, Mr John Mac- 
Gregor. faces a difficult task in 
containing the demands of the 
spending ministers, but is 
determined to hold the line on 
public expenditure. 

Shifts in spending priorities 
can take place within existing 
planning totals for public ex- 
penditure. he said in an inter- 
view with The Times yes- 

The annual public spending 
round, to determine the size 
and content of slate expendi- 
ture next year, is about to 
begin. But already the jockey- 
ing for position is under way. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the new' 
Secretary of Stale for Educa- 
tion, and Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
who replaced him as Secretary 
of State lor the Environment, 
have been given an additional 
two weeks to submit requests 
for extra spending to the 

It is likely that these will 
total £4 billion, out of a total 
for additional spending of 
some £6 billion. This year 
more than most, the whole 
question of public spending 
versus tax cuts is up in the air, 
after the Government’s poor 
showing in both the opinion 
polls and the local elections 
and by-elections earlier this 

Mr MacGregor is facing his 
fust full public spending 
round. Appointed to the job in 
mid-round in last September's 
Cabinet reshuffle, he has nev- 
ertheless developed clear ideas 
of the problems of public 
spending control, and how the 
system can be improved. 

This year, for the first time, 
ministers have to submit in 

writing any bids for extra 
public spending, with a copy 
to the Prime Minister. The 
original deadline for these was 
the end of this month, but for 
Mr Baker and Mr Ridley it has 
been extended to mid-June. 

Mr MacGregor described 
that as “a technical change". 

"Ministers are having to put 
in their bids to me", be said. “I 
was anxious to get discussions 
going with ministers rather 
earlier than we did last year." 

The change has been seen as 
an attempt by the Treasuty to 
shift the burden of proof for 
extra spending further to the 
departments, and to ensure 
that bids are not submitted 
until opportunities for spend- 
ing out of cost savings have 
been exhausted. 

“We'll have to see what the 
effect is", said Mr MacGregor. 
"We don't regard ii as a major 
change. The idea is to get 
ministers to focus on priorities 
within departments.” 

Although formal bids have 
not yet been received from 
either Environment or Educa- 
tion, Mr MacGregor has iden- 
tified one area within the 
Environment budget — local 
authority spending — as a key 
element in this year's public 
spending round. 

He was confident that the 
Government would meet its 

John MacGregor: Local spending system "creaking" 

overall planning total of 
£1 39. 1 billion for this year — 
1986-87. But, he said: “The 
main worry is local authority 
expenditure and local author- 
ity pay. We have yet to see 
what the outcome of the pay 
round for local authority 
workers wilt be. 

"We now know that local 
authority spending is going to 
be up by 8 per cent this year, 
while central government 
spending is level in real terms. 

“It is very important rhat, 
with lower inflation and the 
need for not getting out of line 
with the private sector, local 
authority pay settlements are 
moderate. With the problem 

of local authority expenditure 
next year, pay could be a key 

During the last public 
spending round, decisions on 
local authority spending in 
later years were deferred. The 
cash totals for 1987-88 and 
1988-89 were left unchanged, 
on the assumption that any 
increases would be found out 
of the reserve — set at £6.3 
billion in 1987-88 and £8 
billion in 1988-89. 

The battle over local au- 
thority spending this year thus 
starts from a less advanced 
position than other areas of 
expenditure. The indications 
are that Mr Ridley will submit 

a bid for around £2 billion or 
extra local authority current 
spending for next year, within 
an overall Environment bid of 
around £3 billion. 

“It was a very temporary 
decision to cany' forward local 
authority current expenditure 
in cash terms’’, said Mr 
MacGregor. "This was reflect- 
ed in the Reserve, some of 
which clearly has to be pre- 
empted. Precisely how much 
is going to be one of the big is- 
sues in this year's public 
expenditure surv ey." 

However, the Chief Secre- 
tary is determined to maintain 
control over local authority 
spending, even if ir means 
large rate rises next year. "One 
doesn't want to have excessive 
rate increases", he said. "They 
can be very serious for busi- 
nesses. particularly small busi- 
nesses. But the way out of this 
is not to relax our controls. 
Under the present system this 
would just lead to excessive 
spending and higher rates. " 

“One of the things that 
struck me last year was how 
the present system — it's a 
Byzantine nightmare — does 
not actually deliver what you 
appear to be aiming aL People 
look at the planning totals for 
education and health but, 
because of the ability of local 
authorities to switch between 
services, you say you are going 

to spend .v thousand million 
on a service but you don't.” 

And he added: “Undoubt- 
edly the system of controlling 
local authority spending is 
creaking”. But any improve- 
ments in control are unlikely 
to affect this year's public 
spending round. 

The bids for extra spending 
for next year, probably around 
£3 billion from Environment, 
£1 billion from Education and 
about £2 billion spread be- 
tween other departments, 
come ai a time when a debate 
is taking place within the 
Government over whether the 
£8 billion at the Chancellor's 
disposal over the next two 
years should be used to meet 
the goal of a 25p in the pound 
basic rate of income tax, or on 
extra public spending to cut 

“ft*s a key job of govern- 
ment to get the balance be- 
tween tax and expenditure 
right” Mr MacGregor said. 

Mr MacGregor recognizes 
that there will be some hard 
decisions in this year's spend- 
ing round, and that it will be 
necessary to resort to the 
ministerial Star Chamber in 
the autumn to settle disputes. 

"My feeling is that there are 
sometimes such key issues 
that some of them go beyond 
the bilateral discussions”, he 
said. “In fact, the Star Cham- 
ber worked very well last 

This year, with a shift in the 
balance bf the Cabinet to- 
wards extra spending, both the 
Star Chamber and the Chief 
Secretary appear to be in for a 
more difficult time. 



are feed and drink 

The terms may sound unfamili ar, but and pharmaceuticals, APV has the 
their applications certainly aren’t. expertise to design, manufacture and 
Because these are some of the install the most sophisticated, equip- 

processes upon which today’s food ment available, 
and beverage industries depend. So next time you come across 

And all over the world, leading something new in the area of food or 
companies in these industries depend drink, think of APV. 
on APV for process engineering. Because whatever the name on 

In dairy products, processed the packaging, you’ll very likely find 
food, brewing, fruit juices, soft drinks ours on the plant 

To: APV Holdings PLC. APV House. Manor Royal, | 
Crawley. West Sussex. RH10 2GZ. i 

Please send me further information on APV. | 

Name. A I 

Address. Mm 

Postcode MW 

| Nobody knows our | 
business better 

judicial review 

Regina v Governor of 
Pentonvilte Prison and Anoth- 
er, Ex parte Herbage {No 2) 
Before Mr Justice Hodgson 
(Judgment given May 22] 

In deciding whether to grant 
discovery in judicial review 
proceedings, the court should 
apply a standard no higher than 
that applied when considering 
whether or not leave to apply for 
judicial review should be 

Mr Justice Hodgson so held, 
granting an application by Mr 
Alex Herbage against the Gov- 
ernor of Pemonville Prison and 
the Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, inter alia. 
for an order for discovery of all 
medical and/or psychiatric re- 
ports concerning the applicant 
since his remand in custody on 
August 1. 1985. and in particu- 
lar all reports concerning the 
applicant written and submitted 
by Dr Rees arising out of any 
observations by the doctor of 
the applicant 

The applicant sought discov- 
ery in connection with his 
forthcoming application for ju- 
dicial review relating to the 
conditions of his detention at 
Pentonville Prison where he was 
being held pending his extra- 
dition to the United States for 
alleged offences of dishonesty. 

Mr Alan Newman and Mr 
Antony White for the applicant: 
Mr John Laws for the governor 
and the secretary of state. 

said that he had given the 
applicant leave to move for 
judicial review on May 13. 1986. 
On May 1 9. he had refused the 
applicant's application for inter- 
locutory interim relief on the 
merits: see R r Governor at 
Pen ton vi He Prison, Ex parte 
Herbage ( The Times. May 21 J. 

Leave to apply for judicial 
review had been granted on the 
basis of i he evidence then placed 
before his Lordship, consisting 
of an affidavit of the applicant 
and a number of medical re- 
ports. Evidence subsequently 
filed by the governor and the 
secretary of state in opposition 
to the application for interim 
relief, placed in issue practically 
all the facts deposed to by the 

Before the court could con- 
sider whether the applicant's 
case for judicial review had been 
made out. it would have to come 
to a conclusion about the actual 
conditions in which the ap- 
plicant was being detained. 

The applicant sought an order 
for interrogatories in the present 
proceedings, but they were 
merely an attempt to cross- 
examine the governor without 
obtaining the leave necessary to 
cross-examine on his affidavit. 

Thai application would be re- 

The materiality of the docu- 
ments in respect of which 
discovery' was sought arose in 
the following way. 

The governor had deposed 
that the applicant was being 
detained in the prison's hospital 
wing on the advice of medical 
officers and that there were no 
operational reasons for moving 
him and no medical reasons for 
his transfer to another establish- 

In his affidavit in support of 
the present application, the 
applicant deposed that Dr Rees 
had led him to believe that he 
had submitted medical reports 
expressing concern about the 
conditions of his detention and 
recommending that he be trans- 
ferred back to Winchester 

There seemed to be an almost 
total dearth of authority as to 
the principles which should 
guide a court exercising its 
jurisdiction under Order 53 of 
the Rules of the Supreme Court 
when an application for discov- 
ery was made. 

Prior to the changes made in 
Order 53 in 1977. there was no 
possibility of obtaining discov- 
ery in that jurisdiction. 

However. Lord Diplock, in 
his observations in O'Reilly v 
Stockman ([1983] 2 AC 237. 
282). seemed to have been 
saying that the cases in which 
discovery should be granted in 
Order 53 proceedings should, 
subject only to the different 
nature of the proceedings, be no 
more restrictive than in 
proceedings begun by writ or 
originating summons. 

Mr Laws submitted that the 
passage in Lord Searman’s 
speech in R v Inland Revenue 
Commissioners. Ex parte 
Federation of Self- Employed 
and Small Businesses ([1982] 
AC 617. 6541. required the court 
to apply a higher standard in 
deciding whether to order 
discovery than in deciding 
whether to grant leave to move 
for judicial review. 

It would, however, be wrong 
so to limit the discretion of the 
court and it would be contrary 
to the principle laid down by 
Lord Diplock in O'Reilly xbai an 
applicant for judicial review had 
practically nothing to gain by 
proceeding by writ or originat- 
ing summons. 

Had the present proceedings 
been begun by either of those 
ways, his Lordship was satisfied 
that discovery would have been 
ordered, even against an officer 
of the Crown. 

Leave to move having been 
granted it would be wrong to 
refuse lhe application for 

Solicitors: Shone Sc Barker: 
Treasury Solicitor. 

Unauthorized agent 
is not binding 

Armagas Ltd v Mundogas SA 
Before Lord Keith of Kinkei. 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook. 
Lord Temple man. Lord Grif- 
fiths and Lord Oliver of 

[Speeches sold May 22] 

An agent known not to have 
general authority to conclude a 
certain type of transaction but 
who did so after falsely 
representing that he had sought 
and obtained approval for the 
transaction on that occasion 
from his principal could not be 
reasonably believed to have 
specific ostensible authority: 
and the principal was not vicari- 
ously liable for the loss caused 
by the misrepresentation to the 
other party. 

The House of Lords so held in 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiffs. Armagas Ltd. from 
the judgment of the Court of 
Appeal (Lord Justice Stephen- 
son. Lord Justice Dunn and 
Lord Justice Robert Goff) 
If 1 985] 3 WLR 640) dismissing 
their claim for damages against 
the defendants. Mundogas SA. 
for wrongful repudiation of a 
chanerparty signed by one of 
their employees without their 
knowledge or authority. Mr 
Justice Staughion ([1985] 1 
Lloyd's Rep I ) had found for the 

Mr David Steel, QC. Mr 
Richard B. Mawrey. QC and Mr 
Simon Rainey for the plaintiffs: 
Mr Gordon Pollock. QC and Mr 
Richard Si berry for the defen- 

LORD KEITH said the appel- 
lants accepted that the agent did 
not have actual or ostensible 
general authority to enter into 
contracts or such an onerous 
character as that signed, but 
argued that he had ostensible 
authority to enter into that 
particular contract. 

It was possible to envisage 
circumstances which could give 
rise to a case of ostensible 
specific authority to enter into a 
particular transaction but such 
cases would be rare. 

Ex hypothesi the contractor 
knew that the agent had no 
general authority to enter into 
the transaction, as was the 
position in the present case. 

The principal might con- 
ceivably inform the contractor 
that, in relation to a transaction 
which to the contractor's knowl- 
edge required specific approval 

of the principal, he could rely on 
the agent to enter into the 
transaction only if such ap- 
proval had been given. 

In such a situation, if the 
agent entered into the trans- 
action without approval, the 
principal might be estopped 
from denying that it had been 
given. But it was very difficult to 
envisage circumstances in 
which the estoppel could arise 
from conduct only in relation to 
a one-off transaction such as 
that in (he present case. 

On the question of vicarious 
liability, dishonest conduct was 
of a d liferent character from 
blundering attempts to promote 
the employer's business in- 
terests involving negligent ways 
of carrying out the employee's 
work or excessive zeal and 
errors of judgment in the perfor- 
mance or it. 

Dishonest conduct per- 
petrated with no intention of 
benefiting the employer but 
solely with that of procuring a 
personal gain or advantage to 
the employee was governed, in 
the field of vicarious liability, by 
a set of principles and a line of 
authority of peculiar applica- 

At the end of the day lhe 
question was whether the 
circumstances under which a 
servant has made the fraudulent 
representation which had 
caused loss to an innocent party 
contracting with him were such 
as to make it just for the 
employer to bear the loss. 

Such circumstances existed 
where the employer by words or 
conduct had induced the injured 
party to believe that the servant 
was acting in the lawful course 
of the employer's business. 

They did not exist w here such 
belief, although it was present, 
had been brought about through 
misguided reliance on the ser- 
vant himself, when ihe servant 
was not authorized to do what 
he was purporting to do. when 
what he was purporting to do 
was not within the class of acts 
that an employee in his position 
was usually authorized to do. 
and when the employer had 
done nothing to represent that 
he was authorized to do it. 

Lord Brandon. Lord 
Tern pieman. Lord Griffiths and 
Lord Oliver agreed. 

Solicitors: Bentleys Stokes & 
Lowless: Frcshficlds. 

Church news 


Rev P h Wvan. vicar. Butler* 
Morgan and PUierton Horsey and 
Pillenon Prion wtin Etungton. di- 
ocese ot Cwenlry in be vicar. 
Codnor. diocese of Derby. 

Resignations and retirements 
The Rev R Bence. Vicar. St Augustine 
of Canterbury. Highcate. diocese or 
Lone cm retires on January >. 1907. 

The Rev fir Graham. Vicar. West 
Poldens and Rural Dean of Otasion- 
bury Jurisdiction, diocese of Baui ana 
Welts, retires » Rural Dean on May 
3*- _ 

The Rev J A Hardwick, Chaplain. S> 
Edmund's Scnooi. Hind head, diocese 
C4 Guildford, refines July 

The Rev V J A Mdlm. Hector. 
Cpisneld. wllft Crowhursl. dlocew of 
Chichester. retires on June 30. 

.The Rev S C Palmer. Rector. St 
Mary. Rrtghtsmne ana a Mary. Brook 
with a peter and St fturf. MofUsteite. 
Isle ot Wight. diocese of Portsmouth 
has resigned as pnosl-m-cSiaroe. St 
Peier. snorwrti with Kingston, isie or 
wiotit. same diocese. __ 

The Rev J S Prtdmore. Chaplain. 
King Edward's School. Willey. mooes* 
of Guildford, to resign July 31. 

the tin a P trundle, vicar, m John 
the Evangehsi. QfiedoA. diocese of 
Bain and wells. la retire on Septem- 
ber 30. 

The Rev P E Tunon. curate. 
Eastbourne SI Mary, diocese of 
Chicfi oner, retires on May 31. 

The Rev T W Thomas, curate, 
wesmoumr. and curate. fotkism* 
and StansKd. diocese of CiuchesUHr. 
r cured on April 30 

The Res HC Salisbury to resign the 
oeneftcr at Great soattn. diocese of 

Canon W C Slade, canon emeritus 
of York, to retire as curate. Topcttfte. 
and ArCMMshop's Adviser for Spiritual 
Directio n . d»c«c of York. On Septem- 
ber 30. 

Other appointments 

Deaconess S H&yicr. Deaconess (NSM1 
All Sainl** Gainertnglon. diocese of 
Portsmouth to be stipendiary Dea- 
coness- Si Faith. Lee-on-Soieni. same 

Deaconess S M Wood. Deaconess. 
Lctgnt -on-Sea. SI James, diocese or 
Chelmsford, to be Deaconess hi 
Convey island Team Ministry, same 

1 But | 
3 left 
»p and 
:p after 

18 by 

ter fig- 


which | 
h a 38 9 
and a 
ue on 
ler 45p 
nmb at 
5 Relf- 

Op to 
tat the 
ned 8p 
. New- 
a quiet 
ice of it 

s were 
. 49p. 

's trad- „ 
id 7p r e 
ting at 

jidOfl r 

r-7 per r * 

23 i-r 

46+2 re* 

3-3 - 

IS -4 
168 -12 
2 r.G 

leraiing — ■. 
interest _ 
ofit was — 
vas 781 . _. 

ie da 



A copy of this document, whinh mmpdses Bating partimiam with Tcgawfl flra Ompany reqmrBd by The Stork Ex chan gp foisting) Regulations 1984 made under the 
European Communities Act 1972, has been delivered to the Registrar nf C-qm p gn"** in F-ngiagfl and Wates for raglffraTfon in yv^rrianne with those Regulations 

The listing particulars have been approved by the Council of The Stock Prrhang o Application has been made to the Council for the share capital of the Company. 

issued and now being issued, to be admitted to the Official List 

The Directors, vfaru* n»m a« appear nwtiaf ftp frafHiTg THrectorr and Aidvi 9 Bisr frqlmr. am the pfTBrrm rngprinsiHe for the rantafan d this document 

To the best of the knowledge and belief of the Directors (who have taken all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case), the information contained in tins docurasa' 
is in accordance with the facts and does not omit anything likely In affect the import nf such informatio n. Th* nrrertors accept r e spo nsib ility accordingly. 

The Application List for the Ordinary Shares now being offered for sale will open at 10.00 amt. on Tuesday 3rd June 1986 and will dose aa soon thereafter as ■ 
Kleinwort Benson may determine. Dealings axe expected to commence on Monday 9th June 1986. 

An application farm is set out at the end of this document 


(registered in England and Wales; no. 875534) 



Directors ' 


Registered and 
Head Office' 

Alan Christopher Shot, mjpainnart - 
Tara Louise Wmifred Els: fftepuT Chanroan: 

Mchael Oxley (l&zagxg Duqgc. ) 

John Andrew 

Hnim David Maclnnes. TD, iiA. F CIS 
Ian Harold Scott-GalL BSc. FCA 
Ivor Watkms 

all of Hick House, 

Bramble Road. .. 

Swindon SN2 6ER 

Colin David Machines; TD. MA. FCIS 

Blick House.' 
Bramble Road. 
Swindon SN2 6ER 

Offer for Sale 


Kleinwort Benson Limited 

Financial Advisers 


Auditors and 
Reporting Accountants 

Kleinwort Benson Limited. 
20 Fencburch Street, 
London EC3P 3DB 

L. Messel & Co.. 

1 Finsbury Avenue, 
London EG2M2QE 

Binder Hamiyn, 
Chartered Accountants. 
8 St Bride Street 
London EC4A 4DA 

of 7,308,210 ordinary shares of 5p each 
at a price of 147p per share, 
payable in full on application 

Solicitors to 
the Company 

Solicitors to the 
Offer for Sale 

Clifford- Turner. 
Bladdriars House, 

19 New Bridge Street 
London EC4V 6BY 

Staughterand May, 
3S Basinghall Street 
London ECZV 5DB 



following the Offer for Sale 

in ozdinazy shares of 5p each 

Issued and 
fully paid 

£ 1 , 000,000 

The Ordinary Shares now offered for sale rank in full for all dividends or other distributions hereafter declared, paid or made on the 

Ordinary Share capital 


Receiving and 
Principal Bankers 

The Royal Bank of Scotland pic, 

34 Fettes Row. 

Edinburgh EH3 6UT.- 

Tbe Royal Bank of Scotland pic; 
^ Lombard Street 
London EC3V 9BA 

— l I - * 

*■ . ' 

■t* “ 


At the close of business on 2nd May 1986, the Group had outstanding; 


Bank overdraft (secured) 3 

Long-term bank loan (secured) 642 

8 per cent Unsecured Loan Stock 1984/1986 92 

Other loans (unsecured) 24 

Total borrowings 761 

At the same date, the Group had leasing and hire purchase commitments amount- 
ing to £449,000 and aggregate cash balances with bankers amounting to £902,000. 

The Group's cash position fluctuates throughout the year, principally as a result of 
the majority of contracted rental income being receivable annually in advance on 
1st January. 

The tong-term bank loan, which is repayable in equal annual instalments of 
approximately £58,000, is secured by a mortgage over the Group's premises at 
Swindon and, together with the Group's bank overdraft facilities, is secured by 
fixed and floating charges over the assets of foe Company and its subsidiaries. 

Save as aforesaid and apart from mtra-Group borrowings, neither the Company 
nor any of its subsidiaries had at the close of business on 2nd May 1986 any loan 
capital outstanding or created but unissued, term loans (whether guaranteed, 
unguaranteed, secured or unsecured) or other borrowings or indebtedness in foe 
nature of borrowing, including bank overdrafts and liabilities under acceptances 
(other than normal trade bills) or acceptance credits, mortgages, charges, hire 
purchase commitments, material contingent liabilities or guarantees. 


Adjusted Gross Contracted Rental Inco me(iXuXiv) 
(in £ million) 

At 30th September 






1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 

O AH figures prahx-te discOTitmued activities, other than Coombe Hill 
00 1986 figures are forecasts. 

(hi) Profit on ardinsiy activities before tax excludes exceptional tens, 
for) Gross Contracted Rental Income is the totality, as at 30th September in the relevant 
year, of the then contracted future flow of income assuming no cancellations and no 
further contracts and disregarding future escalations. The adjustment is for rentals 
received but not yet takBn to profit and kgs account at the relevant balanoe sheet date, 
which have been added to Gross Contracted Rental Income. 



Forecast for foe 

Tear ended 

year ending 

30th September 

«39t£i September 




£13.4 million 

£14.4 million 

Profit on ozdinazy activities before 
tax? 5 

£1.97 million 

£2-85 mill inn 

Faminga per Share* 55 



Percentage of the enlarged Share 
capital being offered for 

Prospective price earning s 
ratio at the Offer Price 
Net dividend per Shared 
Gross dividend yield at the 

Offer Price** 5 
Dividend cover 4 " 5 - 
Adjusted net tangible assets 
per Share 4 * 5 

36.5 per cent 

• 140 times 
; 3.4p 

3.3 per cent 
3.1 times 

®aftexaocou^fortte _ . 

Yoam 19BS arKil^ of 18.^000 arriTI^33^4^li^^^ m is^danng Ftnandal 
of the Accou nt a n ts^ Report and in “Profit described in Note 10 

(in) on the a notional net anmal dividend n r^ eClIV ^: bQk3W: 

Tftvjdendfif babw; and viaaixs of 14p per Share, as-described in 

ly £1.3 million) and 




r “° rdiD3 eq ^ nent ™ s 
a ?^ ™-*. toemtoal 

cf Blick. — — TT ui iac 3 uixxjuyacqmrea control 

Sw ?ni^!LS as 'p 1 5^ asn,eas *aSi«qpanded wife the development of fee long-term 
lna ex-mucea rental of time recording equipment and fee acqaistiQn of other interests 
pnncipaUy m time recording. ------ 

In 1975, Blick moved its Heed pffice ftbrnlcndonECl to Swindon. 

In 1928, fee Company negotiated the repayment of aB its loans tom ICFCby bankandofeer 
sorrowings. The IGFC shareholding in Kick was acquired by Anglo-Scottish in fee-same 
_ y sft r. 

Bjtidk has a history ofacquisittonsand, in this respect, hasbeen active for a private company. 
The principal acquisitions have been as follows: 

1972 Internal Telephone and Clock Systems Limited and Internal T eWifr o n e i and 
Clock Rental Company (telephones); 

National Time RecordarCo. limited (time rsoardmq equipment); 

1979 the .public addr e ss interests of two companies in fee Tannery Group, together 
with the mnitect use ofth&Thnngy name; 

1980 the English Clock Systems division, of Knifes Industries (time recording 
equipment* _"“ 

-4988. , 4TB-(iime jBgadSng.equipmenO; and. 

• 1983 

mm*-*. i Lkiiui nits uvtcs iviraue pHsjmj eqmpineillj arm ntuz§r [ngnt 

engineering), the4hen Directors having acquired a oontmiting interest in both 
companies in 1377. 

Mo& of Slick's acquisitions have been of businesses in a poor trading or financial position, 

Dihncaannosl UI,S>L- 1 -r., 1 • i mi I 1 7 . . 

At fee same time. Kick has shown itaelf prepared to dispose of activities yielding a return 
which it considered insufficient namely the TTR electronic time recording manufacmring 
: busi ne ss, which was sold in September 1882, and the message handling businesses, 
■ Colnium Limited and Radio T.jrik T.imtfpd -which were sold in Jamaxy 1985. 

. Store Financial Year 1981 (the first year afthefive year record shown in this document), the 
Group has experienced substantial growth in its business, with turnover and profit (on 

increases, on a constant equity basis, of 21 .4 per cent and 57.6 per cent, respectively, over 
i the period to the end of Financial Year 1385* 


- \ -The-Group's principal business. is fee gala, long- term rental and maintenance, of tim* 
j recording equipment and on-sila paging equipment 

| The principal features of the Group’s business are- 
★ UK market leadership m timfi recording equipment; 

' ★ its prominent position in the OK on-sife paging market; 

i ★ the substantial nfwmihiittnn to the fitomipfr Operating profits from rrmmtaTimyia and 

l repeat supplies; 

; ★ the substantial recurrent income stream from long-term index-finked rental oantiarts; 

: ★ its large customer base, with over 26,000 active accounts. 

Amano of Japan and Isgus of West Germany, and has a tong-established relationship wife 

• both of these companies The Group manufactures all its paging equipment and a small 

amount of tune reCTidmgeTiipinenrin Exeter. — ■ ■ — 



The Group carries out its business as one integrated operation. However, tunover can be 
analysed between two broad categories: equipment sates and continuing customer base. 
The former term refers to outright and -finance lease sales, whilst the latter term refers to 
income derived frcan lemal and maintenance and from fee sale erf repeat applies, such as 
tune cards. . . . 

An analysis of turnover for fee five F inancial Years 1981 to 1985, after allocating the 
equivalent gross retail strong price of equipment leased under finance leases to fee 
appropriate equipment, is set out below: 

’ Year ended 3Qth~ September 



. 1983 




Equipment Sales: 

- £000 




£000 . 


Time recording , 







Paging . 

" 493"“ 






. Other 

. 613_ 

„ .488 .. 





Counxnring Customer Base: 



4,381 . 












• 1.005 . 






Repeal si^phes . 







a 130 







• 6;182 - 


" 9,218 



Hie Directors considex feat on fee basis of feeir reasonable allocation of certain costs, the 
profit contributkm.from fee continuing customer base is significantly higher than feat from 
: equipment sales. This isthe reverse of the relative contributions to turnover, reflecting fee 
large trade content of equipment sales (at lower gross margins). . 

The Group's base consists of ap pro x imately 30,000 customers, of which more than 

26,000 have traded wife fee Group over the last year. 

The charts below show 0) total orders received in FinandalYeai 198S split between trade. 

■rentalend outright sales, rental being quantified at fee equivalent gross retail selling price, 
for both finance and operating leases. 

( 02 %) // Expaxx 
// C3JJH1 


moo * 

Ttttto im 235 

Expaa . 1.799 21.1 

Etod-nser <736 SS? 


moo * 

1.329 SSI 

~ A«T - JTS 
4736 WOO 

eooipment sales , 

- Between Financial Yearn 1981 and- 1985, equipment sates turnover grew at a compound 
annual rate of 27.S per cent , . 

In Financial Year 1985, equipment sales accounted for seme 8 0 per re nt of turnover and its 
expected feat the relative proportion of such sales will be maintained. In earlier years, tins 
percentage was not so high, the increase resulting from a sharp rise in sales of electio- 
mesfeanical tune recorders to the trade and from completing a delivery backlog at the 
beOTranoof Financial Year 1985 following fee successful launch of the Datacall pager. 

■_n_ ■ j ■ • i J * - — mitial wTi*l om ffm n P nfid K tTolQ/wm 

and -an mexease in export sales. 


aq at Qiet Mar ch 1986. the Group had approximately 7,100 rental contracts (with 
^e^X^ ^a^alised value «p£2J nriUton. and an additional 11,250 
r^ntena^-onfy contracls (winch are largely for one year), writ an annualised value of£l. 7 
rmihnn F giripmAnt sales are usually acco mp a n i ed by maintenance co nt racts. 

“The great maj ority of continuing. customer base income is in respect erf time recording 

equipment . 7 

The total adjusted gross contracted renral mcome.(calCTlatB^ per Note Qv) under 
‘Growth of the Group* above) was £19 3 million as ar 31st March 1988 and is forecast to be of 
a cum a M iTKn*i Q 0 st IQRfi. As RTesuboftbe k>na-tenn namm of th 0 


The Gtoup's rental contracts are for varying .tenia but are mainly for five, 10 and 14 years; 
ite number of M year contracts has increased sigmficacriy over fee, laa five years. The 
rerealronmacts pr^ode for payment in advance. ^rtaaSy anr^y, a nd, m fe e event^ 

iciuai wuuw. , .1 «r hfwwrtnXMK riamariM With fpw a y r w n tw nR rental 

SwS^in the 

TVt rW ll in e Ht Of EmDlOVUAi Bi WaOSS illdfiX 

Reseat suf^fees. such as itime csd^ purctosed in bulk, for sate to end-nseis. mate an 
important pro® contribution. 

THE Sfll^ AND SERVICE NETWORK ' • „ . . • . , „ 

i . . . /kUwium tiabivn Rirmnwnm. On uvn lomi. CSlaaaow. 

equipment Aisgsificsot aQMffl tHujei 
-^gnjeers is by way of commission, bb 

times hsba^ salary in commisaon. Grs 

ntin n of salesmen and. to a lesser extent, 

3 for a good salesman to mate Bp to four 
asas is paceddhlhe engineer developing 


The Group markets a- comprehensive range of eqtnpaseat for recording and monitoring 
employees 1 time, from traditional electro-mechanical equipment to electronic and 
computerised equipment Computerised equipment sigiufies the combination of electronic 
time recording products wife c us to mi sed software to produce systems for fee provision of 

The Group markets a pp roximately 25 different electro-mechanical products of varying 
sophistication and price. In addition, it markets four electronic products (Datahme, Datanme 
Junior and Star, which are time card machines, and Databadge. which is operated by a 
plastic badge and has optional access control) and two computerised products (Zeus and 

la fee case of electro-mechanical equipment, an employee ‘clocks on and off* by inserting a 
time card, which is subsequently processed by the wages department. Electronic and 
computerised equipment is activated by either cards or plastic badges Electronic 
equipment is capable of produong information of a more sophisticated rature than electro- 
mechanical equipinent, such as totals of hours worked m both normal boursand overtime, as 
well as other management statistics. Computerised equipment, winch takes time recording 
one stage further, is capable of providing reports relating to individuals or groups and of 
produong the payroll and paycheques. It can also be utilised for security and access 
control The software required is either developed to the Group's specifications by fee 
supplier nf fee har d war e, as in the case of Zeus, or is standard software which is adapted for 
the Group to its spec ifi cations, as in the case of Datapay. 

The Zeus system was specifically designed to accommodate UK industry's complex working 
time arrangements. It has a capacity for over 5,000 employees (with 2.000 on-line), 48 shift 
patterns ana-15 overtime bands, and it can produce up ro 32 different types of report on 
individuals .or groups. Blick believes thar &sn s gives it a significant lead over us UK 
competitors in computerised tune recording systems 

The Group's sales of electronic time recording equipment effectively started in Financial 
Year 1883 and represented approximately 14 per cent of the Group's time recording 
eqiapmentsalesiii Financial Year 1985. The more sophisticated computerised equipment 
has only been introduced during Financial Year 1986. Current retail prices range from £600 
to £1,450 for electro-mechanical equipment and from £2,000 to £4,000 for electronic 
-equipment Far computensed systems; fee average sales value is £15,000, whilst large 
systems can reach £70,000. 

Other tima recording products yHpptfoH by fee Group include watchman's clocks, master 
dock systems, dial docks and time and date stamp equipment (demand for fee last of which 
may increase wife *Big Bang). 


The Group's most important supplier, providing (in terms of product cost) approximately 
two-thirds of fee Group's time recording equipment purchased in Financial Year- 1985. is 
Amano of Japan, one of fee world's largest manufectureis of time recording equipment. The 
Directors estimate that Amano is responsible for about one-quarter of the world's production 
of time recording equipment Since 1968 the Group has been the sole distributor of Amano 
time recording equipment in fee UK and the Republic of Ireland and in 1979 fee close 
relationship was strengthened by the signing ofasole distnbutoiBlup agreement terminable 
by either party by three years' notice given on airy 1st January. Fixed sterling puces have 
been agreed far all orders placed up to 15th April 1987. 

The Group's next most important supplier isIsgusofWest Germany, which is one ofEurope's 
principal manufacturers of time recording equipment and operates m the EEC through 
agents and distributors. The Group's long-standing association wife Isgus dates from the 
early 1960s. An agency agreement relating to the UK, terminable by either party on 12 
monfesf notice, was signed in 1976. The main product which Isgus supplies to the Group is 
Zeus, although it also supplies fee Group wife electro-mechanical and electronic 
■ equipment 

The Group enjoys strong commercial relationships with both Amano and Isgus. Because of 
itslaige number of customers and its national coverage, the Group is a natural choice as a UK 
distributor for time recording equipment and related products. 

A new supplier is Cincinnati Time Recorder Company of the USA (a division of General 
Signal Industries, Inc.), wife which Blick International Systems has recently signed an 
agreement for the exclusive supply in the UK of time recording equipment, mainly at the 
tower end of the price range. 

The Group is an «nthnr^ad dealer for fee IBM personal computer, which is used in 
contraction wife fee Group's computerised systems. .... 

fe in certain instances the Group is invoiced in foreign currencies, its exposure is 
by its ability to reflect currency fluctuations m its own pnees. 


Traditionally, the Group's end-user customers for time recording equipment have been 
email to medium sized businesses in both manufacturing and service industries. A 
development over fee last five years; however, has been fee substantial and increasing 
sales of electro-mechanical equipment to fee trade, which in turn supplies mid-users. In 
Financial Year 1985, such sales accounted for 25 per cent of total time recorder sales 

The Group is not dependent on any particular sector of industry. 

Opportunities far the Group to re-export are limited, in feat fee Group's major suppliers. 
Amano and Isgus, have dismbutora in other countries. However, export turnover (including 
timg r enmrim g equipment manufactured bv Blick E ngineeri ng) in F i n a nci al Year 1985 was 
£0.5 million and is expected to remain at this level 

The Directors believe that, despite the recent increase in the use of electronic equipment, 
satosofelectrD^nedranicalpitoaiKtiswiDtxntiiiiuBto growm fe es hnrttn medium term, both 
through using sales to fee trade and fee tendency for end-user customers to replace then 
nridnvj oter-trn -mi yhRTiirai equipment wife more up-to-date electro-mechnicai products. 
However; by providing facilities far fee customer mth more sophisticated demands; new 
markets wife higher unrt values are emerging. The computerised Zeus system, for example, 
is aimed at larger organisations and enables fee Group to increase fee level of its activity in 
this TTwrtet.Smce its introduction in ternary of this ^ year, the response to Zeus has indicated 
likelihood of substantial sales, wife a number of sizeable orders already received 

Apart from Telephone Rentals pto (a major customer of fee Giotto), the competition to fee 
Group m fee UK roarioat for time recording equipment is largely fragmented .and consists 
mainly of telephone companies offering ancillary services and regional distributors. 



The UK market for paging equipment is broadly divided into 'on-site', covering, for 
example, a factory complex, a hospital or an office block, and "wide-area', which can be 
used outside the confines of fee customer's premises. 

TTie Group's pegingbiisiness is fee sale. tongTenn rental and maintenance oflow band VHF 
and UHF equipment for ure in the UK on-site market and the sale to both overseas 
distributors and UK-based export agents of such equipment for use overseas. The paging 
equipment exported is essentially fee same as feat sold for use in fee UK, bat is configured to 
fee relevant country’s tetecommumcatioos regulations. 

The Group's principal pager, TotacalT, has a folly alphanumeric (ia all upper-case letters 
of the alphabet and numbers) message display facility which enables the ctommunication of 
. a comprehensive message. Messages; entered by a central keyboard or via a computer 
link-up, of up to 40 characters nay be communicated visually, without the need for the 
addressee to take further action. Such a message in a hospital might read "urgent - cardiac 
arrest in ward 19". The Datacall pager has an extensive range of other features, including a 
printout option and the ability to store pre-set messages within the control unit and to relay 
them UL the touch of a button, to either an individual or a specified group- Each system is 
individua% programmed to the customer's reqimements and has a capacity ranging from 
10 to 10,000 pagers, although most industrial customers only require up to 50 pagers, wife 
hospitals requmug up to 500 pagers. 

WhM file Group iutroduced fee Datacall pager in 1983, it was fee first pager of its r^ie in this 
country. DatacaB’s introduction represented a significant development m the on-site paging 
market This is reflected by the fact that m a survey of on-site paging systems published in 
“What to Boy for Business' (a consumer report on business equipment and services) on 1st 
May 1965, Datacall 100 was given the “Best Buy* categorisation, with the comment that it is "m 
a class of its own for what it gives you for the price'. 

A recent development by the Group is an Arabic script version of Datacall which fee 
Directors expect to sell in the Middle East market and over which the Group holds an 
exclusive ^ woddwide licence from fee patent holder wife eight years unexpired 

Other refinements of the Datacall model which will include ad d i t i onal fadhties, axe at 
present under development 


The Groups paging equipment is manufactured by Sticks subsidiary company, Blick 
Ctommnmcafions, at its Exeter factory. The Group has been awarded the relevant 
maniifertiirinq quahty assurance approvals by the British Standards Institution and has also 
received quality assurance approvals from the Ministry of Defence. Blick Communications 

MARKET .... 

In the UK (he Group's principal customers for paging equipment have tended to be 
hospitals; such as St Bartholomew’s m London mid the Northern General in Sheffield 
However; the Group has reoanfly become a supplier of folly alphanumeric onsite paging 
equipment to British Telecom, with which it tss signed a contract, with an estimated total 
value of £1 million by 31st March 1987 whereby Blick Communications manufactures pagers 
for British Telecom to sell under its own brand name of The Plage* as an ancillary service to 
the installation of PABXs. In addition. GEC Reliance has indicated that it experts to place 
large orders for on-site paging equipment during the next 12 months. 

The Grotfo has a number of competitors in the UK on-site paging equipment market, one of 
which has recently been engaging in price-cutting, partirtilady in fee hospital market 
However, fee Directors are confident fear fee sophistication ol fee Datacall pager, fee 
contract with fl ptish Telecom and the Group's export business will enable the Group to 

maintain its 'position. 

In Financial Year 1985, exports of paging equipment totalled £1.26 million, some 42 per cent 
of paging equipment turnover. Export turnover of pagmg equipment in the three years- to 
SOfeseptember 1985 cart be analysed as foHows 

Year ended 30th September 

United States 

Overseas are handled both by distributors under a standard agreement and by 
UK-based export agents, who sell primarily to the Middle Erist At present the Group has 
distributors m 10 countries and is actively seeking to increase its geographical coverage. 
Scandinavia is the Group's principal European market for paging equfemenL 





£000 . 
















246 “ 

495 ~ 



The Group is fee exclusive distributor in the UKof certain internal telephone equipment and 
also of fee public T16 key telephone system manufactured by Alcatel fee 
telecommunications subsidiary of Cbmpagnie Generate tfE3ectncal6 of France and one of 
the largest manufacturers of telecommunications equipment in fee world Under the 
distributorship agreements (described in paragraph 11(a) in “General Information' below), 
fee Group distributes fee Alcatel TJ6, a versatile 8 tine. 16 extension automatic exchange 
aimed at fee small to medium -seed office sector. In early 198S the Group obtained the 
Department of Trade and Industry's approval for fee Alcatel T16 ro be connected to the 
-British Telecom network; and n has recently obtained British Standards institution approval 
far TT T^in t PTtfmc** 

The Group expects to sign shortly a pmt -distribution contract for the Alcatel ‘Minttel 254” 
Viewdata Terminal This low-price terminal which has fee interim approval to be 
connected to fee British Telecom network, may be used wife fee Prestel and Oracle systems 
or as a data processing terminal Alcatel currently manufactures 700,000 'Mnntel' units per 
annum, most of which are sold in France. 

The Group also markets a range of public address equ 
supplementary to on-site paging equipment as both are used 
telephone intercoms are marketed by fee Group. 


1 This equipment is 
ft location. In addition. 


The Directors are as follows: 

Alan Elliot (aged 49) has been executive Chairman and. wife bis family interests, controlling 
shareholder since 197-1. ■ --He was fee personal assistant to fee Managing Director of 
Metropole Industries before joining the Group in 1963 as a Director, following fee take-over 
by Dufay, a public, listed company, where he was Managing Director (at the age of 26). 
Together with 1CFC, he was instrumental in instigating fee management buyout of Blink 
International Systems m 1966. 

Tara Elliot (aged 42) is the wile of Alan Elliot and was appointed a Director in 1975 and 
Deputy Chairman in 1979. She is a non-executive Director. 

Michael Oxley (aged 44) has been Managing Director since 1977. He joined the Group as a 
sales engineer in 1962. following three years as a trainee draughtsman. He became Sales 
TraimngMatfagerto 1969; London Manager in 1970; Sales Managerin 1971; SalesDiiectar in 
1972; and Deputy Managing Director in 1973. 

Andrew Caldecott (aged 52) became a non-executive Director in April 1986. He is Chairman 
of M & G Group and a director of a number of other public listed companies, including Blue 
Circle Industries, Chloride Group, Electronic Rentals Group, Klein wort Benson Lonsdale 
and Whitbread 

Colin Machin es (aged 47) became a Director and Company Secretory in March 198& 
Previously, he was employed by Slater Walker Securities (now Britannia Arrow), as a 
director and company secretary, and he has smee acted as a financial and management 
consultant He is a Chartered Secretory. 

Ian Scott-Gall (aged 37) joined the Group as a Director in March 1984 and became Finance 
Director in July 1984. Previously, he worked wife Burmah Oil where be wa3 successively 
Group Management Accountant and Finance Manager of fee Investment Division. He tsa 
Chartered Accountant 

Ivor Watkins (aged 46) has been Sales Director since April 1986. He joined the Group in 1961 
as a sales engineer, becoming manager of Slick’s Southern Group offices in 1970; Sales 
Manager in 1976; Special Director (Sales) m 1978; and Sales Director of Blick International 
Systems in 1983. 


In addition to certain of the Directors (named above), the subsidiary company directors are 
as follows: 

Stick intern ati on a l Systems 

David Bain (aged 47) has been Technical Director since 1983. Before joining the Group in 
1976 as Chief Communications Engineer, he bad 12 years' service in the RAF and was 
employed for eight years by Redifiuaon. 

Victor Bnist (aged 60) has been Administration Director since 1983. His career started wife 
Roneo Vickers, from which he moved in 1970 to National Tune Recorder Go., which was 
taken over by Blick in 1972. 

George Cooke (aged 39) has been Finance Director since April 1986. Before joining the 
Group in November 1985, he worked for PJ Hare and Compression Terminals and Tools, 
where be was Group Financial Director. He is a Chartered Accountant 

Robert Crockatt (aged 52) has been Service Director since 1983. He joined the Group as a 
service engineer in 1969, becoming Service Managerin 1973 and Special Director (Service) 
in 197a 

WHr»tr CamnusricBiiatts 

Christopher Cankett (aged 42) has been Managing Director since January 1986. Before 
joining file Group in May 1985. he served an electrical engineering apprenticeship wife 
British Aerospace and subsequently worked for Plessey, GEC Marconi, Ferranti. 
Normalair-Garrett and ABS'Alfacafl Systems 

Michael Poster (aged 41) has been Technical Director since January 1985L He served an 
Army trade apprenticeship and subsequently joined Coirnminicanons Associates in March 
' 1971, ' where he was Development Engineer when that company (now Bhck 
Communications) was acquired by fee then Directors in 1977. 

Peter Janes (aged 58) has been Works Director since 1981. He worked for Venner and 
-HatfiekHnstnmrents and joined Communications Associates in December 1958. where he 
was Works Manager when that company was acquired by the then Directors in 1977. 

Blick Engineering 

Austin Cole (aged 57) joined Ice-Malic Limited in 1970, was Works Manager when that 
company (now Bhck Engineering) was acquired by file then Directors in 1977and has been 
Works Director since 1980. His previous experience was wife Hawker Aircraft, the RAF and 
Exeter Aircraft 


For the half year to 31st March 1986, the average number of Group employees was 488. Of 
these, 349 were employed by Blick International Systems (divided approximately equally 
between administration, salesmen and engineers), 96 were employed by Blick 
Communications (principally in production and quality assurance), 30 were employed by 
Slide Engineering (in production) and 11 were employed in Head Office: The average 
number cf employees in Financial Years 1983, 1984 and 1985 was 412, 478 and 508, 


The Group recognises one trades union in its wage negotiations, file Electrical Electronic. 
Telecommunication & Plumbing Union (*EETPU"), wife which it has signed a sole 
negotiating rights agreement Approximately 126 em ployees are members of the EETFU 
and the Group holds two meetings a year with EETPU re presen tatives and shop stewards. 
The Group has a good working relationship wife the EETPU and with fee workforce 

The Offer for Sale has permitted the introduction of an Inland Revenue approved share 
option scheme for which certain Directors, all managers and all employees wife at Least five 
years’ service (in total almost half the workforce) will qualify. 


Blick House at Swindon, the Group's Head Office and South West branch office, is a freehold 
property with approximately 25.000 sq. ft ofoffices and 14.000 sq. ft of stores and workshops. 
The Group also has a total of approximately 18,000 sq. ft of leasehold premises at Exeter, 
mainly used as workshops, arid seven other branch offices (each with stenage facilities, none 
of which extends to more than 3,000 sq ft ). 

Blick House was valued as at 31st March 1986. on the basis of open market value as between | 
a wilting buyer and a wilting seller, by D.E. & l Levy, Surveyors, Valuers and Property 
Consultants, at £1,475,000. Other properties are almost exclusively held under full repairing 
and insuring leases wife less than 25 years unexpired. 

Further details of the Group's properties are set out in paragraph 8 of 'General Information' 1 


The results of the Grou 
ended 31st March 19 
summarised below: 

librfee five years ended 30th September 138Sandforthe six months 
8 which have been extracted from the Accountants’ Report, are 

Year ended 30th September 







Profit an continuing 
ordinary activities 

Exceptional profit/Ooss) 119 — — — (155) — 

Ordinary profit/(loss) on 

discontinued activities 19 (709) (147) (S3) (52) (29 

Frofit/Closs) on ordinary 

activities before taxation 466 (195) 1,067 1,380 1,819 1.378 

Taxation (34) — (154) (575) (592 ? (413 

Profit/Ooss) on ordinary ! 

activities after taxation 432 (195) 913 805 1,227 955 

Extraordinary profit/ 

(loss) — (395) (253) (57) 56 — 

Profit attributable to 

shareholders 432 (590) 6S8 748 1,283 965 

Eamings/floss) per Share 2.32p (l.OSp) 4 91p 4.3%) &6Gp 5.19p 

Between Financial Years 1961 and 1985, turnover and profit on continuing ordinary activities 
before exceptional items multiplied 2-2 and 6.2 tunes, representing compound anmiat 
increases of 21.4 per cent, and 57.6 per cent, respectively. 

The Joss per Share m FinandalYear 1982 reflected feaseieor^nisatkmcost^ folkwing fee 
acquisition of ITR. taken above the line, whilst fee reduction in earnings per Share tn 
Financial Year 1964, relative to the previous year, resulted from an increase in the effective 
fax rale from 14.4 percent to4i.7perceot This was due to the tax charge for Flaanda) Year 
19K being reduced by the utilisation of losses carried forward and to flat for Financial ^ Year 
1984 being increased by both the abolition of stock relief and fee reduction in initial 
allowances for capital expenditure, consequent upon the Finance Act 1984. But for the«y 

i But I 
is left 
*p and 
jg by 
ter fig- 

?£» ; 

h a 38 9 

■ and a 
ue on 


nab at . 
fl ReS- 
) 3p. 

Op to 
tat the 
ex tries, 
rand S 
. New- 
a quiet ' 
ice of it 

s were 
. 49p. 
'strad- . 

* 7 p £ 

ting at 


ltd Oil 
r-7 per :<n 

23 1ET 
46+2 nd 

,a ,, 
3 -3 74 
2 his 

mating — i I 
interest _j J 
ofii was — i I 
vas 781 _ * 

/VEST- — ) I 
the six, „ I 
re divi- EOX I 

. I0,8p | 

a £000, I 

16,740— *; 
nds — I 

>.517), s 

0) and — I 
(1,610), | 

an was- , a s I 
an ex- " 

5) and 
15.908 _ 











































(4i3, f 













— = xe 


L i' 






factors, earnings per Share would have increased m each year of the period, as has profit on 
continuing ordinary activities. Since Financial Year 1383. effective tax zaies have been 
siigbtiy below the prevailing rate of Corporation T3x 

Included in continuing activities are Blick Communications and Blick FfoniTraring 

(throughout the period), English Clock Systems (from ns acquisition in cxiPtwr 1380) and 
ITR (from its acquis ton m May 138ZX The Directors were aware that die acquisition of rrR 
would result initially m substantial losses (as the business required reorganisation), but were 
confident that profits would begin to flow through within a year of its integration into the 
Croup. This view was vindicated by the much improved resits in Financial Year 1983, «nri 
the Directors attribute much of the morass m the contribution to operating profit to me 
doublin g of the Group's customer base fallowing the acquisition of ITR. Apart from this, 
growth during the period las mainly been organic, with si gnificant rnnh -fhimnnn fapm new 
products, such as electronic tune recording equipment and the Datacall pagan 

Manufacturing by ITR at Poole is the only material discontinued activity, being responsible 
far substanti ally all of the loss on dispon tinued arriv ings m Financial Ywtc 1962 and 1983and 
far the extraordinary loss in Financial Year 1982. The message hwndting mmpanies, 
Cokuum Limned and Radio Link Limited (both sold in January 1985) and the investment 
property of Cbombe Hill' (contracted to be sold) are included amongst discontinued 
activities. ' 

The significant increase in operating profit between Financial Yeats 1982and 1983 reflected 
the acquisition of ITR The increase between Financial Years 1984 and 1985 was mainly due 
to growth in the turnover of time recording equipment with the and to a 

strong performance by the paging equipment activity, both in the UK and averaeas.Tbis 
resulted from the introduction of the Datacall pager in 1983 and the clearing of a delivery 
backlog for Datacall as at the beginning of Financial Year 1985. 

Although net interest payable peaked, at £346.000, in Financial Year 1983 (after the 
acquisi tion oflTR), interest cover improved over the five years to Financial Year 1985 and, in 
that year, exceeded 10 times. Baianre sheet gearing has *fan improved. 


In the first half of Financial Year 1986. the profit growth continued Turnover was £7.01 million 
and profit cn ordinary activities before tax amounted to £1.38 million. Earnings per Share of 
519p for the six months to 31st March 1986 compared with 6.60p in respect of the whole of 
Financial Year 1985. 


On the hams of die assumptions set out in ’Assumptions and Letters regarding die Profit 
Forecast* below, the Directors forecast that in the absence of unforeseen circumstances, 
profit on ordinary activities before taxation for the year ending 30th September 1986 will be 
not less than £2.85 million. The effective tax rate for the year ending 30th September 1986 is 
forecast at 30 per cent namings per Share are therefore forecast to be 10.48p (based on a 
weighted average of the number of Stores m issue during the year of 19.033,424, after taking 
account of the sub-division of the Shares, the capitalisation issue and the issue of new Shares 
as part of the Offer for Sale). 


On the basis of the above profit forecast, the Directors intend to recommend a final net 
dividend of 2.0p per Share (2.83 d gross) m respect of Financial Year 1966. This dividend is 
expected to be paid in April 1987. 

If die above forecast had related to a year during the whole of which die Shares had been 
hsted. the Directors would have expected to declare and recommend net dividends 
to talling 3 4 p per Share (4.79p gross). These dividends would have been payable as to L4p 
in September, as an interim dividend, and as to 2-0p in April, as a final dividend 

The gross dividend yield at the Offer Price is 3.3 per cent The net dividend is covered 3. 1 
times by forecast eammgs per Share. 


The Directors consider that the Group has potential for significant profit growt h : 

Time Recording 

it the Group is UK market leader in tune recording equipment, with both a comprehensive 
range of electro- mechanical, electronic and computerised products and considerable 
market experience; 

it the Group's large customer base means that it is well-placed to secure replacement 

it the Group's existing rental contracts provide recurrent long-term index-linked income; 
ir sales of higher value electronic and computerised equipment are increasing; 

it the UK market for time control linked to security access is expected to grow, especially 
in the office and service industry sector 


it the benefits of the alphanumeric pager have yet to be fully exploited, and further growth 
in the market is anticipated, 

★ the benefit of the British Telecom contract is only just beginning to flow through; and 
it the export market has scope for further development. 

The Directors view the future with considerable confidence but recognise that it is 
unrealistic to expect to sustain the very high compound annual grow t h rate achieved over 
the period from Financial Year 1981 to 19K>, or that shown by the profit forecast for Financial 
Year 1986. 

The Group is not currently in negotiations far acquisitions. However, the Directors fully 
intend to be acquisitive on the basis of their proven ability to integrate the business and 
customer base of acquisitions into Blicks existing sales and service network, without a 
corresponding increase in costs. 


The Directors consider that the Group has readied a size, level of profit and stage in its 

development where a full hsting is appropriate: 

★ a full listing far the Ordinary Shares will assist the Group in financing acquisitions by 
erablmg the Company to issue listed securities; 

★ for Offer for Sale and full hsting will create a continuing market in the Ordinary Shares; 

★ the issue of 1,400,000 new Shares will, after deductianoftbe expenses of the Oferfor&le 
payable by the Company, raise approximately £1.3 million. Whilst the Group has no 
existing requirement for additional funds, tire net proceeds receivable by toe Company 
together with the proceeds of sale of Coombe Hill's investment property of 
approximately £ 0 . 7 million (before taxi will produce a ss amfic ant nor rash hatonwo, thus 
further strengthening the Group's balance sheet . 


The principal assumptions used in preparing the Directors' profit forecast for the year 
ending 30th September 1986 are as follows: 

1 the operations of the Group, its suppliers and customers will not be significantly 
affected by industrial action or civil disturbances, and 

2 there will be no change in rates of taxation legislation or government regulations which 
will have a significant effect on the Group. 

The fo [lowing are copies of letters relating to the profit forecast of the Group for fire year 
ending 30th September 1936: 

8 St Bride Street 
London EC4A 4DA 

28th May 1986 

Latter from Binder Hamfyn 

The Directors 
Bhck pic 


The Directors 
KJemwort Benson Limited 

Dear Madam and Sirs 

We have reviewed fire accounting bases and calculations used in preparing the p ro fit 
forecast of Blick pic CBtick") and its subsidiaries (together, the ’Group*) for the year ending 
30th September 1986. for which the directors of Blick are solely responsible, set out m the 
Offer for Sale document dated 28th May 1986. The profit forecast is based on the audited 
consolidated accounts for the six months ended 21st March 1986 and on a forecast for the six 
months ending 30th September 1986. 

In our opinion, the profit forecast, so far as the accounting bases and calculations are 
concerned, has been properly compiled on the basis of the assumptions made by the 
directors of Blick and set our m the Offer for Sale document and is presented on a basis 
consistent with the accounting policies normally adopted by the Croup. 

Yorns faithfully 

Binder Hamlyn 
Chartered Accountants 

Letter from Eeinwart Benson 

The Directors 

20 Fencborch Street 
London EC3P 3DB 

28th May 1986 

Dear Madam and Sirs 

We have discussed with you and with Binder Hamlyn the profit forecast of Blick pic end its 
subsidiaries, together with the bases and assumptions upon which the forecast is made, set 
out in the Offer for Sale document dated 28th May 1986. We consider that the profit forecast, 
for which you as directors are solely responsible, has been made after due and careful 

Yours faithfully 

far Heinwort Benson Limited 
Christopher Eugster 


m CawoBdated Profit and loss Secants 


The Directors 
Blick pic 
Bhck House- 

Rramhla Road 

Swindon SN2 6 ER 
and .. 

The Directors 
Heinwort Benson Limited 
20 Fenchurch Street 
London EC3P 3DB 


Year ended 3bh September 


SSlBndeStreet Ccstofsales 
— " London EC4A4DA Gross profit ' 

Otter operating costs 

. . . (net) 

interest payable fcet) 

28 th May 1986 

Dear Madam and Sirs 

We have examined the audited financial statements of Blick pic CBUdc") and its subsidiaries 
(together The ’Group*) for the five years ended 30th September 1985 and the ax months 
ended 31st March 1986 (together fire ‘reported period*). The composition of the Group 
during fire reported period is described m Part I bekrw. 

fmanraad ■mfrvrmMHri ri ort oat below is based on. the audited financial state men ts oF the 
Group, a fter making s uch adjustments as we consider appropriate. Our work has been 
rarrted out in «fvyir r||!|nr,a with fire Auditing Guideline: Prospectuses and the reporting 
affmrntant We have been auditors of the Group throughout foe reported period. 

In our opinion, file financial information set out below gives a true and fair view of tire resuhs 
and source and application of hinds of fire Group for ftagh of fire periods stated and of the 
state of affaire of foe Group at tire dates stated 

1 Compositi on of foe Grotto , 

Th mnrrhru Tt- foe repor ted pa^n d, fafomatifinal Syrfams Limited was a whoDv-umiicd 

■ aiHriHiar y nf Rfiflf 

Bitrif mario t fre foflo wfog sig nifi c an t angnTsitioms during the reported period: 

Proportion of 

Share Capital ■ Nature of 
Date Acquired Consideration 

ITR Holdings Limited and 

qnhrirfeny rra npj nipg 


■ Coombe Hill Property and 
Investment Company Limited 
(* Coombe HOT) 

Bhck PyigrrM^ri ng Limited 
( *Rtirif EngineenngO 

Kick Cfvnfniinifgrtin ns Limited 

f Blick ftompTifoir--atinn B*) 

24th May 1982 

31st December 1982 

29& July 1983 

8 th February 1980 
31st March 1981 
29th July 1983 

100 % 

100 % 

100 % 


Shares in Blick 
Shares in Blick 

35% Loan stock 

14.95% Cash 

50.05% Shares in ESick 

The results of -ITR have been consolidated from fire date of acquisition. ITR's prin ci pa l 
operating company is ITR International Tune Limited 

The principles of merger accounting have been applied to the argnisitinns of Coombs HDl 
and Rl r k Engn reeri ng, and. therefore their results nave been consolidated throughout foe 
reported period 

Blick Communications was controlled by the directors of Blick for that part of the reported 
period prior to the acquisition by Blick of the balance of fire share capital of Blick 
O Mnrrrnnimrin pg ig 10ft3 Tht»>mgn^nfHfif*r hmTnimira finns has heflnctosely related ta 

that of the remainder of the Group and the results have therefore been consolidated 
throughout the reported period 

The ordinary results of buanesses dosed down or sold during fire reported period or which 
are to be sold, have been disclosed separately in the profit and loss account as 'discontinued 
activities'. The ITR factory was dosed in January 1983, and Radfo Link Limited and Colnnim 
Limited ware sold in January 1985. Cbombe H01 has contracted to sell its investment 
property, conditional only upon the admission of Sticks abases to the Official List of The 
Stock Exchange. The investment property has not been depredated, bat has been revalued 
with the surplus taken to the revaluation reserve 

n Acc ountin g FoEoes 

The significant accounting policies adopted in pr e p arin g the consolidated financial 
information set out below are as follows: 

Tire finagrial info rmation has been prepared under the historical cost o a nvention, modified 
hy tho f**TtaTn frpohftlri and long ta aanhnlrf fa nri anrl h rrilriin^ . 

CcMoac hfl c c ....... • • j 

The financial -infor m ation consolidates the financial .statements of :Bfidc_ and all of its 

’Composition of the Group* above 


Purchased goodwill, including goodwill arising on coosotidation, is written off directly to 
reserves on acQuiatioii 

on Rental 

Those leases whose primary period covers substantially the whole -of fire U 9 efiil life of the 
equipment normally for nine years or a longer period, are classified as finance leases. All 
other leases are classified as operating leases. Income from operating leases and from 
maintenance is recog nised as it arises. Wher e such in come is invoiced in advance^ the 

pypp QT’rto ^ r pLUin g tn (,,in^ p prifxte iw rarTiarf' | award f tofan ftri 

Finance Leases 

Equipment leased under finance leases is deemed to be sold at normal end user seffing 
puces (Gross Retail Selling Prices), winch value is included in turnover at fire inception of 
the lease. Tnorme from finance lease rants (after deducting fire proportion awriVaTbihto to 
maintenance) is recognised over the primary period of the tease so as to give a constant raze 
of return on foe investment in fire lease The return is recalculated each year on the basis of 
the actual rents received and future rents due, without taking any account of future 
paralatio ns which may become contractually due Provision is made far the expected level 
of unrecovered losses on early termination. 

Operating Leases 

Equipment leased under operating leases, normally for seven years or a shorter period, is 
capitalised at its purchase or production cost including installation costs; The eqpiFxnan! is 

Initial direct costs, ind nding. attributable overheads, incur red i n' setting up rental 
agreements are carr i ed forward as deferrad costs and amortised over the primary period of 
fire operating leases. Where a rental agreement is terminated before its foil term , any 
residual deferred costs are written off in that year. 

Transacti o n s as Lea s ee 
Back-to-back Leasing 

Certain equipment on rental to customers under operating leases is financed by back- 
to-back finance tearing arrangements. This equipment is capitalised, as described under 
“Operating Leases" above, at its original cost, and the gwra ^ndTng amounts fftre to the 
lessor, for which Blick is contractually liable, are shown as obligations under fmanrw 

The total interest payable under finance leases is allocated to accounting periods so as to 

produce a constant periodic rale of charoe on the autetanriinq balance of the nhttgatirvn fr) 
each period. 

Hire Purchase Transactions ’’ 

Assets held under hire purchase contr a cts of a financing nature are rapfraiw? and fire 
rentals payable are apportioned between a finance charge and a reduction in the net 
obligation, recorded as a liability, for future amounts payable. 

Other Finance Leases — - . 

Leasing charges in respect of motor vehicles used by the Group under finance leasing 
anaiKiemenK have been charged against rhe profit and kiss acmuntegohyCTT- Stghlaaaes 
are not capitalised. 

Tangible Fixed Assets 

Tangible fixed assets, other than equipment on rentaL are depredated aver their estimated 
useful economic lives in equal annual instalments at the following rates per annum: 

Freehold land 
Freehold buildings 
Leasehold improvements 
Motor vehicles 

Plant, machinery, fixtures and finings 

Not depredated 
2 % 

Over fiie remaining period of the lease 

10% to 20% 

Socks, mrinrimg woTk.m»Fgpqges 3 . am stated at the lower nf rinst and net regfeaMevafog 
Cost in clude s direct labour and attributable overheecte as a p propri ate . 

Deferred Taxation . 

Deferred taxation is provided using toe liability method to the extent that foe liability is 
expected to arise in the foreseeable future. 

Foreign Currency Tran s acti o n s __ 

currency are translated info sterling at fire exchange rate ruling at the balance sheet d«i» 
All exchange differences are taken to fire profit and bss account as they arise. 

Research and Development 

Research and development expenditure is written off in the period in which it is incurred 

pynfft nn < s u ir mi Tf n g nrdfamy 
activities before 
exceptional items 4 

Exceptional items 5 

Ordinary profit/floss) cm " 
disclaimed activities 6 

frcfit/QbsB) on cxdmaxy 
activities before 

Tkxon profit/loss on ordinary 
activities 7 

Prefitffloss) on ordinary 
activi ties after 

Extraordinary items 

after taxation 8. - 

PmWfkns) far the financial 

Dividends declared 9 





£ 000 . 












.2,572 ■ 























ended 2 1 st 



13.448 7,012 

£££} (3.754) 

a.STs 3,25c ' 



ass) im 

— 054) 





02 ) 

438 (195) 

— (385) 

433 (890) 

(79) — 






( 200 ) 

Transferred to^Cfrom) 

EanungsfCbra) per 





IV Consolidated Balance Sheets 

38th September 

Used assets - 
Tangible assets 










(35 )' 

L32B ^ 
(40) ~ 



tag ) 

X55 ‘ 




£ 000 - 


L032~ ZJSa - 2,778 2JB6B 3,038 3£S2 

Current assets 




Net investment in 

finance teases 








Cash at bank 





Creditors (ann? ii,it * faffing 

due wnbm one year) 

Bmlp 1 any 





Deferred income 
Trade and other 



































a 163 

a 123 





Net current assets 

L346 ' 






Tnfal wmh Iowa mirnnl 
(hn aftnr nnm than 







one year) 

Bank loans 15 

Otter creditors 16 



( 1 , 000 ) 




000 ) 






( 866 ) 



(U 68 ) 



Pucnifalgn for KuhiKAw and 

cfacges 17 



08 3) 










Capkal and reserves 
Called up share' 
capital 18 

Revaluation reserve 19 

Profit and loss account 19 








- 783 

• -938 





’ 783 











V Om a oBd a ted Statements of Souroe and Application of Ftmds 

.Year ended 30th Septsnber 

Six months 
31st March 

Bnri» y»ni )n ^fcn p)/ 

(absorbed by) 
o peration s: 

Profit/(k>ss) on ordinary 
activities before taxation 

Extraordinary itens : 

Net adjustments lbr 
items not involving fire 
movement of fimds 
fixed assets and 
deferred costs 

Total funds generated 
from operations 

Corporation tax paid 

Net finds generated 
from operations 

Application of fimds: 
Tangible assets acquired 
(excluding equipment 
on rental) 

Disposa l proceeds 
Investmen t in operating 











£ 000 : 


(193) L067 

— 095) 

466 . (590) 

823 1,187 

iuu r^j nirtiti in finance 

Goodwill acquired 

working capital: 
Socks, . 

Advance payments on. 

finance leases' 
Debtors (excluding 
deferred costs and net 
investment in finance 


(41 ) 








. 0 ) 










749 . 

• 940 

. .483. 















( 2 S) 



















. — 

— ■ 

' — 


r -l-. 

* ! 

Dividends paid 

Total funds applied 

Surplus fimds available 
(net funds applied) 

Application of surplus 

Loans repaid 
Other bans repaid to 

dire ctors 

Reduction/lincrease) in 
bank overdrafts and 

bans . . . . 

InaeaseflredixSm) m 
cash at bank - 

158 856 

(532) (1260) 

069) 188 

36 . 39 

610 2,281 

688 (1.718) 

( 20 ) 




<135) . i;s75 




368 ‘ 








'. ' A 






- 860 . 

'W ' 



00 ) 




( 1 ) 



1,675- 5 

of each yean 

■ *» to payments in, 
annua By 111 advance a January- 






VI Joies to the Financial I nformation 

- -- Year-ended 30tfa-5eptember 

Six months 
31st March 

I. fopover 

Aislyis by caiegory of 

Ecpipient sales 
Tine recording 

Safes value of equipment 
tasea under finance 

r • 

Mfiienance and other 

Raal income from finance 
nd operating leases 

Ciss rentals receivable 

Fumce leases 
Op ra ung leases 

Arfysis by geographical 
l arket: 

Uteri Kingdom. 

Wstern Europe 
Otfer markets 

1981 ’ 






£000 ■ 








277B ' 















































623 - 

















8.563 _ 
















i i 

— ; 

as : 

_ . - 

Allhe above categories of turnover comprise one class of business Consequently no 
anysis is shown ol the profit before taxation by category of turnover or geographical 

2. Cher Operating Costs (Net) 

Year ended 30th September 

Six months 
31st March 














Adinistrarive costs 

1.873 • 






Disibution costs ■ - • 

• - 146 

• 220 - 

■ - 409 

• 468 



Otir operating income 


• — 










• 1.757 



— ■ 

= == 

S=S T = 


3. Sterest Payable (Net) 

Year ended 30th September 

Six n ni n ths 

31st March 













Inrest payable: 

knk loans and 







ick-io-back Finance 







he purchase loans 





' 13 
















fritest receivable 

— . 

- (34) 









■ 196 


4. toft on Contmnmg Ordinary Activities 

Thprofit on contmuing ordinary activities is stated after charging: 

1 Year ended 30th September 

Six months 
. ended 

31st March 














Waesand salaries 







Dimers' emoluments 







Delectation ana 






' !230 

Aucors' remuneration ' " 


■38 J 




Hircf office equipment, . . 
ah vehicles 







5. EbeptionaJ Items 
Theixcephonal items comprise: 

196lprofit on the sale of equipment at customers' premises on rental under leasing 
contracts aad of the benefits and obligations of the related contracts 
1985pension ccntnbunon in respect of past service of the Chairman. 

6. Q&nazy Profit/(Loss) an D is cou n t m ed Activities 
The edinary results of discontinued activitifis comprise: 

Year ended 30th September 

Sx months 
■ ended 
31st March 


























_ (52) 



a) Reailts of ladio lank . 

limited and Coliuum 

b) Resets of jperaung the 

farter? if ITR until date 
of cloore 

c) Results o Coornbe Hill 

Radio Like Limited and Colruura Limited, which together provided a message h a ndlin g 

service * subscribers, were sold in January 1985. _ 

fihek acuued ITR m May 1982 and closed its factory m January 198a 

Bhck ha contracted to sell the investment property owned and managed by Coornbe 

Hill corimonal only upon the admission of Slick's shares to the Official List of The Stock 

Excbane; when this property has been sold Bhcks investment property activities will 

cease . - - ' 

Tax on *ofn/(Loss) cm Ordinary Activities 
The tfixatm charge comprises: 

Year ended 30th September 

Six months 
31st March 

UK Cc'Tpranon Tax 
De Tenet Taxation 
Advano Corporation Tax 
























— ■ 



— . 






The amnni of potential deferred taxation arising in each year but not provided as part of the 
tax on jrofiWtoss) on ordinary activities is as follows: 

Six months 

Year ended 30th September 31st March 











. £000 





— = 



Defend Taxation not 

The tajcharces for 1981 and 1983 were reduced by approximately £145,000 and £350.000 
iespec.vely by the utilisation of tax losses and. m 1983, the recovery of advance corporation 
tax preiously written off. 

8. Extrordinary Items after Taxation 
The enaordoary items comprise: 

Year ended 30th September 

Six months 
31st March 





isseis written off 
osure of the ITR 


a gains t Claim 
andifsg agamst 
er.dors of ITR 
he surplus 
ig on settlemect 
? claim 

yn for deferred 
i or. consequem 
the Finance Act 

i ifce disposal of 
3 Link Limited 
Cctiiun: Lamted 
m ns disposal of 

T imnim cr&ht'fcoarge) 

— (395) 



































9. Dividends 

The to taT dividends per Share declared in each year were as follows: 

Year ended 30th September 

Dividends per share 

















The dividends per share is based on the 18.600.000 shares m issue immediately prior to the 
Offer for Sale.' 

10. EammgstLoss) Far Share 

The calculation of earnings per share is based on the profit or kiss on ordinary activities after 
taxation and on the 18.600,000 shares in issue immediately prior to the Offer for Sale. 

1L Tangible Assets 

30th September 1985 

31st March 1986 

Cost or Accumulated Net Book Cost or Accumulated Net Bosk 

dilation Depreciation 

Value Valuation 





■ £000 















• 600 















614 ■ 










Freehold land 
anH buildings 
Long leasehold 
Leasehold .' 

Equipment on 

Plant, equipment 
and vehicles 

The freehold land and building are stated at a valuation by D.E. & }. Levy, Surveyors, 
Valuers and Property Consultants, of 130 Jermyn Street London SW 1 Y 4UL dated 14 th April 
1986. The value ascribed to the long leasehold investment property is equal to the agreed 
sale price and is based on professional valuations dated 6th May 1986. 

12. Stocks 

Raw materials 
Finished goods - 

13. Net Investment in Finance Leases 

Amount fattin g due within one year 
Amount falling riw in more than one year 

14. Debtors 

Trade debtors 

Deferred costs in respect of operating leases 
Other debtors and prepayments 

30th September 1985 31st March 1986 











30th Septemberl985 3 1st March 1986 









30th September 1985 31st March 1986 






IS. Bank Loans and Overdrafts 

30th September 1985 






31st March 1986 















Repayable within I year 





Repayable between 1 and 2 





Repayable between 2 and 5 






Repayable in more than 5 










Bank inane totalling £800,000 are secured by a mortgage over the Group's premises in 
Swindoh and by feted and floating charges over the properties and assets'af Blick and its 
au faBdjari ag ‘ . * . *. 

16. Trade and Other Credilozs 

Other loans 
Trade creditors 
Payments received on account 
ffire purchase and finance lease 
Corporation tax 
Other taxes aad social security 

30th September 198S 

31st March 1986 

Due within 1 Due in more Due within 1 Due in more 


than 1 year 


than 1 year 






























— - 

• 583 









17. Provision far Imhilitfes and Charges 

The provision for liabilities and charges comprises deferred taxation as follows: 

Accelerated capital allowances 
Other timing differences 
Recoverable advance corporation tax 

nital gain oh disposal of properties 
heir net book value 

18. Share Capital 

At 30th September 1985 and 31st March 1986 the authorised, called up and fully paid share 
capital of Blick was one million lOp ordinary shares. 

19. Reserves 

Year ended 30th September 






■ 1981 












Revaluation Reserve 

Brought forward 
Surplus arising on 







revaluation of properties: 
investment property 




other properties 







Deferred tax provided on 
revaluation surpluses 
arising on investment 

Transfer to retained profits 
for depredation charged 
on revalued properties 

Carried forward 

Profit and Loss Account 
Brought forward 
Retained prafit/floss) for 
the period 
Goodwill written off 
Transfer from revaluation 

Carried forward 

- - - — •- ( 110 ) 



( 20 ) 












- - 

"■ ~ 






. 1,353 























20. Papal awt ys wawraai C rntmiinmn itK anri Contingent liabilities 
Capital Commitments 

At 31st March 1966, Blick had authorised but not contracted for capital commitments of 

Financial Commitments 

a) At 3 1st March 1986, the Group had annual commitments under noh-cancellahleoperat- 



mg leases, and commitments under finance leases for motor vehicles, as follows 

Operating leases - land and buildings (the majority 
of leases expire m more than five years] 

Net obligations under finance leases, payable as follows: 
within 1 year 
between land 2 years 
2 and 5 years 

Net finance lease obligations 

b) ' ' The Group has contracted into the United Kingdom state pension scheme and also - 
provides an additional contributory scheme for eligible employees who have 
accepted invitations to join. The scheme provides renremeni benefits based on length ' 
of service and final salaries, as well as tile cover, and is funded through the purchase of- 
annuity policies managed by an insurance company, at conmbunon rates which take 
account of current salaries and future commitments. 

Apart from an unfunded annual pension commitment to former directors and then 
dependents currently amounting to £18.000 pet annum, there is no unfunded pension - 

21. Post Balance Sheet Events 

a) On 23rd May 1 986 Coombe Hill contracted to sell ns investment property and contents 
for £697.214 to Mr. Alan Elliot and trusts for the benefit of Mz. and Mrs. Alan EUioi and 
their children. The contracts provide thai completion is to take place on i 1th June 1986. 

b) On 19th May 1986 Buck's authorised share capital was increased to £1 .250.000 and each 
ordinary share of lOp was subdivided into two ordinary shares of 5p. A capitalisation 
issue of 16.600.000 ordinary shares of 5p was made, credited as fully paid pro rata to 
existing shareholders. 

Yours faithfully. 

Binder Hamlyn. 

Chartered Accountants. 


1. Audited Accoanis 

Certain of the financial information in this document constitutes abridged accounts as 
defined in section 255 of the Companies Act 1985. 

These abridged accounts have been prepared from the fell accounts of the Group for the 
period from 1st" October I960 io 30th September 1985 which were prepared under section. 
227 of the Companies Act 1985. Binder Hamlyn have made reports on all such fell accounts 
under section 236 of the Companies Act 1985 and each such report -was unqualified within 
the meaning of secoon 255. 

The full accounts for this period either have been, or will be. delivered by the due dale to the 
Registrar of Companies. 

2. Incorporation and Share Capital _I 

(a) The Company was incorporated and registered in England and Wales on 30th March 

1 966 under the Companies Act 1948 (registration number 875534) as a private limited ; 
company wuh an authorised share capital of £75 divided into 75 shares of £1 each 
under the name Blick Time Recorders (Holdings) Limned. On 5th January 1973. the . 
name of the Company was changed to Bhck National Systems Limned, on 27th . 
September 1978 to Bhck International Limned and on 16ih May 1986 to Blick pic. 


30th September 1985 

31st March 1986 

Provided Not provided 

Provided Not provided 





























639 . 


On 1st May 1983. the authorised share capital of the Company was £100.000. divided 
into 1,000.000 ordinary shares of iOp each, of which 850.000 were issued folly paid. 

(c) Changes to the authorised and issued share capital of the Company since 1st May 
1983 are as follows: 

(i) - - on 29th July 1983, the Directors allotted: 

(A) 62.500 ordinary shares of IOp each at par. credited as fully paid, to the 
shareholders of Blick Engineering in consideration for the acquisition 
by the Company of the whole of the issued share capital of Blick 

(B) 87. 500 ordinary shares of IOp each, credited as fully paid at a premium 
oi £1.50 per share to the shareholders of Blick Co mrauru canons m 
consideration for the acquisition by the Company of the balance of the 
issued share capital of Bhck Communications (50.05 per cent) not then 
already owned by the Company; 

(a) there have been no material issues of shares by subsidiaries; 

(ill) on 1 9th May 1986, resolutions were passed as Ordinary Resolutions whereby, 
imer aha: 

(A) each ordinary share of IOp was sub-divided into two ordinary shares of 
5p each; 

(B) the authorised share capital of the Company was increased to 
£ 1 ,250.000 by the creation of 23.000.000 additional ordinary shares of 5p 

(C) it was resolved to capitalise the sum of £830,000 standing to the credit of 
the profit and loss account reserves of the Company arid to apply such 
sum in paying up in full new Ordinary Shares havinq an aggregate 
nominal value equal to £830.000 and the Directors were authorised to 
allot the same, credited as fully paid, to members of the Company as at 
the close oi business on 19th May 1986 pro rata to their existing 
holdings of Ordinary Shares m the proportion (as nearly as may be) of 
83 new ordinary shares of 5p each for every 10 shares held, such 
authority to expire on 30th June 1986; 

(D) the Directors were authorised pursuant to section 80(1) of the 
Companies Act 1985. to allot 16,600.000 Ordinary Siaies for the 
purposes of the capitalisation issue referred, tom (C) above, and 

(E) m addition to the authority referred to in (D) above and conditional 
upon the admission of the whole of the Ordinary Share capital of the 

Company, allotted and to be allotted to the Official List of The Stock 

Exchange becoming effective on or before 30th June 1986 
("Admission"), the Directors were authorised, pursuant to section 80(1) 
of the Companies Act 1985. to alter, inter aha. Shares having a m aximu m 
aggregate nominal value of £180.000; 

(iv) od 1 9th May 1986. resolutions were passed as Special Resolutions, conditional 
on the passing of certain of the resolutions referred to in sub-paragraph (in) 
above and in the case of (B) below, on Admission whereby, inter alie 

(A) pursuant to the authority referred to in sub-paragraph (ui)(D) above, 
the Directors were empowered pursuant io section 95 of the 
Companies Act 1985. to exercise the powers of the Company to allot 
equity securities (as defined m section 94 of that Act) for the purposes 
of, and m accordance with, the capitalisation issue referred to in sub- 
paragraph (U1X.Q above as if section 89(1) of that Act did not apply, 
such power to expire on 30th June 1986 unless such authorisation has 
been previously renewed varied or revoked by the Company in 
General Meeting; 

(B) m addition to the power referred to in sub-paragraph (ivX A) above, the - 
Directors were empowered pursuant to section 95 of the Companies . 
Act 1985. to allot equity securities (as defined in section 94 of that Act) 
pursuant to the authority referred to in sub-paragraph (uiXE) above as 
if section 89(1) of the Companies Act 1985 did not apply, but such . 
power to expire on the date of the 1987 Annual General Meeting and to 
be limited to: (1) the allotment (otherwise than pursuant to (2) or (3) 
below) of up to 2000.000 Ordinary Shares to or to the order of KJemwort 
Benson on or before 23rd June 1986, (2) the allotment of equity 
securities in connection with a nghts issue where if is reasonably 
necessary to allot equity securities otherwise than in accordance with 
section 89(1) of the said Act and (3) the allotment of equity securities 
(otherwise than pursuant to ( I) or (2) above) which are. or are to be 
wholly paid-up in cash having an aggregate nominal value of not more 
than £50,000; 

on 23id May 19B6. the Directors allotted 16.600.000 Ordinary Shares to 
members of the Company pursuant to the resolution in sub-paragraph iiii)(Q 
above; and 

on 27th May 1986, the Directors provisionally allotted to Kleinwori Benson “ 
1.400.000 Ordinary Shares, pursuant to the Offer for Sale Agreement referred 
to in paragraph 13 below, conditional, infer aha. upon A dm i s sion. 

(d) Immediately following die Offer for Sale, the share capital of the Company will be: 

Authorised Issued 

No. £ No. £ 


shares 25.000.000 1,250.000 20.000,000 1,000,000 ; 

of 5p each 

Immediately foltowina the Offer for Sale, 5.000.000 Ordinary Shares will remain 
authorised but unissued The provisions of section 89 (1) of the Companies Act 1985 
(which, to the extent not disapplied, confers on shareholders rights of pre-emption in 
respect of the allotment of equity securities which are. or are to be. paid up in cash) 
will apply to the balan ce of the authorised but unissued share capital which is not the . 
subject of the disapplicauon referred to in sub-paragraph (c) (iv) (B) above and 
which is not available under the Company's employee share option scheme referred 
to in paragraph 7 below. 

Notwithstanding such disapplicauon, die contmuing obligations for companies 
whose share capital is admitted to the Official List require that, unless special Stock 
Exchange dispensation or approval of the shareholders in general meeting is' 
( 15 ) oHminoH further issu es of equity securities for cash are to be made on a pre-emptive 

hacn; No such issue following the Offer for Sale is at present in contemplation other 
than in connection wuh the Company's employee share opoan scheme referred to in 
paragraph 7 below. 

(e) The Offered Shares were created and will be issued by virtue of die resolutions and 
auttnrisanons referred to in sub-p a ra g raph (c) above and of resolutions of the 

(f) The Offered Shares are being ofiered at a preniiuni of 1 42p Per Share. •- 

3. Memorandum of Association 

The Memorandum of Association of the Company, which was altered by a Special 
Resolution passed on 28th April 1986. provides that the Company’s principal objects are, 
infer alia, to act as a holding company and to carry on, either directly or by means of one or 
more subsidiary or other companies in any part of ihe world all or any of the businesses of' 
buying, selling, letting on hire, designing and manufacturing tune recorders, clocks. - 
telecommunication and radio co mmuni cations systems, business machines and electrical . 
and other apparatus and materials and to develop, administer and co-ordinate the activities - 
of each such subsidiary or other company. The objects of the Company are ser out m foil m- 
rJaiM 4 of the Memorandum of Association. 

4. Articles of Association J 

The new Articles of Association of the Company (the "Articles"), which were adopted by a 
special Resolution passed on 28th April 1986 and whose amendment requires the passing of 
a special resolution by the Company in general meeting, contain provisions, inter aha to the 
following effect 
(a) Voting Rights 

On £ show of hands every member. who (being an inteviduaj; is present in person o» 

(being a corporation) is present by a duly authorised representative, shall have one - 

vote and, on a poll, every member present in person or by proxy shall have one vote . 
243 for every one of the dare s held by him. provided lhat a member shall nor (unless the 

128 Directors otherwise determine) be entitled to exercise such nghi to vote if either any • 

64 calk or other moneys due and payable m respect of any dares held by him remain 

xgc impair! or lie, or any person appearing to be interested in the shares held by him, has - 

jwii duly served with a nonce under section 212 of the Companies Act 1985 



i. But 
:s left 
*p and 
;p after 
tg by 
ter fig- 
h a 38 
and a 
ue on 
ter 45p 
omh at 
d Reli- 

l 3p. 

Op to 
i at the 
ned 8p 
. New- 
a quiet 
ice of 

s were 
. 49pi 
's trad- 
id 7p 
ting at 

nd OO 
r-7 per 
















terating — . 
interest . 
ofu was — 
vas 781 __ 

fVEST- — : 
the six , . 
le divk 
IO.Sp _ 

1 £ 000 , 
16,740 — 
nds — 

>,5 ] 7). 

0) and — 
(1,610), | 
mi was-'** I 
in ex- 1 
>) and 











- ■wrtasas.w 



(requiring d i sc lo su r e of interests is shares}, teas fe»k=^ as supply tbs Company with 
the requisite information within 28 days after service of any g»oh notice (or such 
longer period as is specified in the nonce) and has Sailed to remedy such defeult 
within 14 days after service of a flintier nonce requiring him sn tn rtn 

(b) Variation of Rights 

The rights attached to any dass of shares may be varied or abrogated (a) in such 
manner (if any) as may be provided by such rights or (b), in the absence of any such 
provisions, either with the consent in writing of the holders of at least three-fourths of 
the nominal amount of the issued sharps of bat ri*« or with the sanction of an 
extraordinary resolution passed at a separate meeting of the holders of the issued 
shares of that class. Every such separate meeting shall be convened and conducted 
in all respects as nearly as possible in the same way as an Extraordinary General 
Meeting of the Company, but no member, other than a Director or a hniaar of the 
shares of the class in question, shah be entitled to notice thereof or to attend thereat 
and the necessary quorum at any such meeting other than an adjourned meeting 
shall be two persons holding or representing by praw at least one-fond in nominal 
value of the issued shares of foe class in question. At an adjourned meeting one 
person holding shares of the class in question present in person or by proxy shall bea 

(c) Alteration of Stare Capital 

CO The Company may by ordinary resolution increase hs share capital 
consolidate its shares or any of them into shares of a larger amount, convert 

any folly paid up shares into stock of the same class and cancel any shares not 
taken or agreed to be taken by any person and sub-divide its shares, or any of 

them, into shares of a smaller amount. 

GO The Company nay, byspeoalresolulion. reduce itsshare capital any capital 
redemption reserve and any share pr emium account in any maimer 
authorised bylaw. 

(d) Transfer of Shares 

The ingtromant nf transfer of ^ ha in any nsnp] crnmnon farm or many other 

farm which foe Direct o rs may approve, and shall be signed by or on behalf of the 
transferor and, in the case of a transfer of a partly paid store, by foe transferee. He 
Directors may, in their absolute discretion and without giving any reason, refuse to 
register the transfer of a share which is not folly paid or in respect of which the 
Company has a lien or which is in respect of more than one class of share. The 
Directors may also refuse to register any transfer of shares in favour of more than four 
joint holders. 

(e) Dire c tors 

0 Unless otherwise determined by the Company in general meeting, foe 
number erf Directors shall be not less than two and there shall be no maximum 

GO The Directors shall not be required to hold any quali f i c a t ion shares . 

Cm) The Directors shall be paid out of the foods of the Company by waiy of fees for 

their services as directors an aggregate annual sum not exceeding £50,000, 

tngfi4h&r with such arirfitirmal fees (if any) as may he determined from time to 
time by the Company m general meeting, and such fees and additional fees 
shall be divided between the Directors as they may agree or, failing 
agreement equally. The Directors shall be entitled to be paid aD reasonable 
expenses incurred by them in or about the performance of their duties as 

Gv) A Director, who at the date of hfe appointment is a director or other officer, 
servant or member of any company, may continue to be a director or other 
officer, servant or member of any such company or may, after his appointment 
as a Director, become a director or other officer, servant or member of (a) any 
company with the consent of the Board of the Company or Cb) any company 
promoted by the Company or in which the Company may be interested as a 
vendor, shareholder ox otherwise, and no such Director shall be acco un table 
to the Company for any remuneration or other benefits received or receivable 
thereby horn such other company. 

(v) A Director may enter into or be directly or indirectly interested in any 
contract, arrangement, transaction or proposal with the finmpany and ma y 
hold an office or place of profit under the Company in conjunction with the 
office of Director (except that of Auditor) and nay act in a professional 
capacity for the Company, and in any such case on such terms as to 
remuneration and otherwise as the Directors may arrange. 

(vi) Save as otherwise provided in the Articles, a Director shall not vote or be 
counted in the quorum present on any motion in respect of any contract, 
arrangement transaction or any other proposal whatsoever in which be tea 
any malarial interest (otherwise than by virtue of bis interests in shares or 
debentures or other securities of or otherwise in or through the Company). 
This prohibition does not apply, infer afc» , tm 

(A) foe giving of any security or indemnity to him in respect of money lent 
or obligations incurred by him at the request erf or far foe benefit of the 
Company or any of its subsidiaries; 

(B) the giving of any security or indemnity to a third party in respect of a 
debt or obligation of the Company or any of its subsidiaries for which 
the Director has as su m ed responsibility in whole or in part under a 

g uarantee nr indemnit y or by foe giving nf security; 

(Q any proposal concerning an offer of shares or debentures or other 
securities of the Company or any of its subsidiaries for subscription or 
purchase in which offer he is or is to be interestedas a participant in the 
underwriting or sub-underwriting thereof, 

(D) any contract, arrangement, transaction or other proposal concerning 
any other company in which he is directly or indirectly interested, 
whether as an officer or shareholder or otherwise howso eve r. . 
provided that be is not foe holder of or beneficially interested in one 
per cent or more of any class of the equity share capital of such 
company (or of a third company through winch his interest is derived) 
or of the voting rights available to members of the relevant company; 

(E) any contract, a rrang ement, transaction or other proposal conc erning 
the adoption, modification or operation of a superannuation fond or 
retirement benefits scheme under which he may benefit and which 
either zetetes to both employees and Directors or has been approved 
by or is subject to and conditional upon approval by foe Board of Intend 
Revenue for taxation purposes and does not accord to any Director as 
such any privilege or advantage not accorded to the employees to 
which such scheme or fond relates; 

OF) any contract, arrangement, transaction or proposal concerning foe 
adoption, modification or operation of any scheme for enabling 
employees, including foil time executive Directors of foe Company 
and/or of any subsidiary, to acquire grazes or any arrangement for the 
benefit of employees of the Company or any of ils subsidiaries under 
which foe Director benefits in a simitar manner to employees 

(vii) The Company may by ordinary resolution suspend or relax foe provstons 
described in sub-paragraph (vi) above to any extent or ratify any transaction 
not duly authorised by reason of a contravention thereot 

(vm) A Director shall be capable of being appointed or re-elected a Director 
despite having attained the age of 70 and shall not be required to retire by 
reason of bis having attained that age. 

Gx) At every annual general meeting, any Director who has been appointed by 
foe Directors since the date of the last annual general meeting, other to fill a 
mala! vacancy or by way of an ad d i t i o n to mar number, shaft retire from 
office together with ane-third of the other Directors for the time being. All 
retiring Directors shall be eligible for reappointment 

0 Borrowing Powers 

0 The Directors may exercise all powers of the Company to borrow money aixi 

to mortgage or charge its undertaking, property and uncalled capital or any 
part thereof and, sub ject to the provisions of the Companies Act 1385, to issue 
debentures and other securities. 

Gi) The aggregate nominal or principal amount, toget he r with any fixed or 
minim um premium payable on final repayment of all 'moneys borrowed* (as 
such expression is defined in the Articles) borrowed by the Group and owing 
to persons outside foe Group shall not without foe previous sanction of an 
ordinary resolution of tlra Company, exceed an amount equal to three times 
the aggregate o£- 

(A) the nominal capital of the Company for the time being issued and paid 

up; anri 

(E) the amounts standing to the credit of the co n solidated reserves of the 
Company and its aihstoiaries. whether distributable or 
iindistnbutable. and i n c lu d in g (without limitation) share premium 
account, capital redemption reserve and profit and loss account, alias 
shown in a consolidation of the then latest audited balance sheets of the 
Group adjusted as provided in foe Articles. 

g) Dividends aiKl Distribiaions rf Assets on Winding Up 

Subject to any special rights or restrictions attaching to any shares or any dass of 
shares issued by the Company in the future, the holders of the Ordinary Stares are 
entitled, pan passu amongst themselves, but m proportion to the amount paid upon 
in the case of a liquidation only, which ought to have been paid op on foe Ordinary 

Shares held by them, to share in foe profits of the Company paidout as dividends and 
any surplus in foe event of the liquidation of the ffrm pa ry 

h) Unclaimed Dividends 

All dividends, interest or other sums payable which are unclaimed for one year after 

the benefit of the Company until claim ed. All riiyirtanrifi unHaimpd far a period nf Ifl 
years after having been tterlamri cft all hp fhrfohori aryi shall rsmaat tn tha CompHny. 

0 Utitraced Shareholders 

or bankruptcy of a member if such person or mamh ar has not w a rr a nts or 

cheques sent by foe Company over a period of 12 years and foe Company has, at foe 
expiration of such penoa, given notice in certain newspapers «nri within a further 

Quotations Department of The Stock Exchange of its intention to sell such sh a r p s or 
stock, received no anii m u n i c a t ion from the member or a Hk^r pftmnn. *nwf>impHTry 
shall be obliged to account to the person entitled thereto for the proceeds of foe sale. 

The interests of the Directors in foe issued share capital of foe Company immediately 
following foe Offer for Sale, as they will be xequiisdto be reecrdedin foe Register of 
Directors’ Interests maintained under the provisions of the flompamea Act taas and 
disregarding any Ordinary Shares which the Directors and their feimHfe* may 
purchase under foe Offer for Sale and under foe arrangements for p>mpln yeas 
described in paragraph 7 below will be as folfows:- 

No. of Ordinary Shares 



Number Percent 

Number Percent 






TL WHlfot 





M Oxley 









. — 





1 H Scott-Gall 





I Watkins 





As a result of Alan Elliot and Tara EHfat being truaees and/or beneficiaries of the 
same trusts in respect of certain famil y interests and/or both being deemed to be 
interested in foe Shares held for foe benefit of their infant children, their respective 
interests in Ordinary Shatss shown in foe table above contain a degree of 

iji dytJirtJrtfH lu Ql . 1 fJcl UcuiL ui u ffcf UJbUtwU bUcUcruapuai yuiaxeyaiuiuy any 

Ordinary Shares which foe Directors and their fanriliesmay purchase under the Offer 
for Sale and muter foe arrangements for employees described in paragraph 7 
below). It is intended that, upon tire implementation of foe employee share option 
scheme, options over not more than 320,000 Ordinary Stares wiQ be granted to 
certain executive Directors. 

Alan Ellin fa famil y trusts ara salting in the Offer far Sate only LQ7B.8QQ Shares out of a 
total shareholding of Alan Elliot and his immediate feraily interests of 10.615,596 
Shares and, subsequent to foe Offer far Sale, Alan Elliot and such interests win retain 

Alan Elliot, as a trustee of certain trusts in which be has no beneficial interest, will 
(together with his co-trustees) be applying for not more fian 32,000 Ordinary Shares 
in foe Offer for Sate. 

Fenchuxch Nominees f.imitaH, which bolds, as security for a loan advanced by 
Kleinwort Benson to Alan EDtot 1720,000 Ordinary Shares and which win oontmneto 
hold such Shares immediately following the Offer for Sale, is a wholly -owned 
subsidiary of Kl ein w ux l Benson. AD these Shares are beneficially owned by Alan 

No Director any htarwaf^-p i mtenyt in hi any of the rim lawn y's 

On 27th May 1986, Alan Shot purchased from Angto-Scottish 310,006 Shares at a 
-2 percent discount to the Ofter Price The discount aonceded in respect erf such 
Shares by Angto-Scomsti reflected the absence of an un d e r writing commission. 
Andtew Caldecott is a director of Kteinwart, Benson. Lonsdale pic. whose wholly- 
owned subsidiary, Kleinwort Benson, will be receiving a fee in connection with foe 
OSer for Sale (as disclosed in paragraph 13 below). 

Ibis Securities Limited, a co mpan y in which Colin Madnues holds 27 per cent, of the 
issued share capital, is a hoessed dealer in securities and is sub-underwriting 
108000 Offered Shares (1.37 per cent of the Offered Stares) on the usual terms far a 

mimn i nsfir m of lift per cent nf tfae Offered Shares sub-underwritten by it. 

There are no outstanding loans granted by any member of the Group to any of the 

any of the Directors. 

0 Save as disclosed above and in paragraph 11 befow. there are no co nt racts in which 

any Director ha* a material interest 

(g) Save as disclosed above, tfae Directors are not aware of any person (other than the 

Directors) whose bolding, immediately foDowing the Offer for Sale, win represent 
five per cent or more of the Company's issued share capital or of any other persons 
who, directly or indirectly, jointly or severally, exercise or could exercise control 
over the Company. 

GO Save as disclosed above and in paragraph 110 below, no Director hasany interest in 

any transwetinn winch is of an wn 1 ™ 1 nature, mntHing unusual t erm s or which is 
significant to the business of the Group and which was effected by the Company 
during the current or immediately preceding Financial Year and which remains in 
any respect outstanding or unperformed. 

6. Directors* Re m unera tion and Service Agre emen ts 

(a) The aggregate remuneration and benefits in land granted to the directors during the 

year ended 30fo September 1985 amounted to £460,000 (including the exceptional 
pension contribution of £155,000 referred to in subparagraph (c) below) and are 
- egrimateri to amount to £258,000 daring foe year ending 30fo September 1986. 

0) There are no existing or proposed service agreements for Directors which are not 
determinable by foe employing company within one year without payment of 
compensation (other than statutory compensation), save for the following: 

Bonus Annualised 

Name Annual salary (Financial Year 1986) Boms 

£ % £ 

M Oxley 38000 0.5 14,559 

IHScott-Gall 30.525 a 125 8640 

I Watkins 23,900 02 5,824 

Name Annual salary (Financial Year 1988) Boms 

£ % £ 

M Oxley 38000 0.5 14,559 

IHScott-GsII 30.525 0125 8640 

I Watkins 23,900 02 8824 

Conditio na l on the adrievemem of the forecast profit on ord ina r y ac tiviti es before tax 
of £885 w»THm, Messrs. Oxley, Scott-Gall and Watkins will receive, as boms foe 
slated percentages of Group consolidated profit on ordinary activities before 
Directors’ bonuses and tax. The annualised bonus assumes that profit on ordinary 
activities before tax and after bonuses for the year ended 30rh September 1986 will 
be £2.85 million 

If foe forecast proffi for Financial Year 1S86 fend achieved, tte amount of the shortfall 
will be divided between the profit-sharing Directors pro z ate to their respective 
percentage shares of the net profits, and their bonuses (but not salaries) will be 
reduced accordingly. 

From 1st October I960 Messrs. Oxley. Scott-GaD and Watkins will be entitled to a 
half-yearly bams cocxhtfomdupootira achievement of such level of earnings as shall 
be rl Rtwrmtn Rd by foe Board of Directors and to be calculated by reference to 
earnings per Sham 

AH the above service agreements are with the C o mpan y and are conditional qpon 
the share capital of tbe Company,: issued or tobe issued, being admitted to the 
Official List of The Stock Exchange on or befhre'9th Jtine 1986 or such later date as 
may be agreed. Subject thereto, they each ooramenra with effect from 1st May 1SJ6 

and Btefoa nritthrmhi petood of three yeans from that to ten-mi 

or at any time after 1st May 1989 by eighteen months’ prior written notice by either 
party. In addition, tbs service agreement provide far an annual sa la r y rev iew on 1st 
January each year. 

A contribution of £158000 to foe Company's pension fund was .charged zn.the. 
accounts of the Cbmpany during Financial Year 1985m respect of foe p a st s et vi c e of 
the Chairman. The purpose of this contribution was to ensure that the penson fund 
would be filDy funded. 

ptoyee Share Option Scheme 

On 28th April 1986 the Company adopted an employee share option scheme (foe 
‘Scheme*), which has been approved by foe Inland Revenue under foe provaaons of 
foe Finance Act 1984. The principal tennsof the Scheme are summarised below, but 
this s umma ry does not aflect foe interpretation of foe M and HenritoH rules (foe 
ThflesD of the Scheme copies of winch are available far inspection in accordaoce 
with paragraph 17 below. 

Under foe tennsof foe Scheme, foe Directors may at forardiscretianissneinvitmiazEi 

or to any employee wliu is required to devote not less than 20 hours per week to 

An option is not transferable 

(c) Ttoprirepayabte by a grantee an the exercise of hfe option wffi to determined by 
the Directors but will be not less than foe market value of the relevant number of 
Shares an foe day preceding that on winch foe invitation is given (provided that the 
price payable shall not be less than foe nnmrnal value of such Shares). 

(d) The number erf Ordinary Siares in respect of winch options may be granted under 
the Scheme may not in aggregate exceed the lesser of 8798000 Shares (subject to 
adjustment in foe event of a variation of the Company's capital) and 10 percent of the 
Ordinary Share capital of foe Cbmjsray in issue ftom time to time. At foe date of this 
document it is intended to invite certain Directors fall executive), all mnrag orc and 
all those employees with five years' service to apply tor options over a total of not 
more than I,200,(XX) Shares at the Offer Price. No options have yet been granted over 
these Shares- The maximum value (at the acquisition price) of Sh a res o v ea which any 
employee may bo granted an option at any t im e s h all not when aggrega t ed wifo the 
value (at their acquisition price) of Shares capable of being acquired by him on the 
exercise of options under foe Scheme, exceed foe greater of (a)£100,000and (b)Jbur 
times the higher of Us PAYE earnings tor the current or preced i ng year of 

assessment Tn a dd ition, tho tntal fflffrrntfrirwfaicfa Sharps may hft faihsrrfriari hyany 

employee under the Scheme (and any other executive share optionscheme adopted 
by the Company) shall not exceed tour times the higher of bis rate of awmai 

rercrc p|«> 7 nttrm and his reamirteratinn far tho fag* 13 nvmths 

(e) In normal circumstances, an option may not be exercised before the third 
anniversary of the date of gram. An option may not be exercised after the t enth 
anniversary of the date of grant H anopuon holder dies, his personal r e prese n t atives 
have the right to exercise the option within oik year of tfae date of his death. If an 
option holder ceases to be employed by the Group, his option will lapse unless the 
Directors at their discretion decide otherwisa 

0 The Company shall apply to the Conned tor Shares issued on foe exercise cf any 
option to be admitted to toe Official List Save for any rigfatedetemrined by reference 
to a (fate preceding tfae date of aflotmaatsuch Shares wiftrankparipassawith Stores 
in issue at the date of allotment 

(g) In the event of a rights issue or any consolidation or reduction of the capital of the 

Company, the Direcfos .may. and, in the. event of a capitalisation or sub-divisiop of 
Hfw^h rapHai the Directors shall , mate s»fh adjustment to the nnmhw at Shares 
..referred to in sub-paragraph (d) above, the number of Shares subject to qptfons, or 
foe relevant acquisition prices as may be co n fir me d in writin g by me auditors erf the 
Company to be-in their opinion fair and reasonable to foe evera of a reconstruction, 
take-over or winding up of the Company, an option under foe Scheme may be 
exercised within the period prescribed in foe Rules. 

(b) The Srihpwiw may be amended by the Directors. H u waver , when foe Compa n y ' s 
Shares are foe subject of dealings on The Stock Exchange, no amendment to the 
advantage of participants may be trade to foe provisions concerning foe persons 
eligible to participate, the consideration tor the grant erf an option, the basis of 
calculation of the option price, the total number of Shares available fox foe Scheme; 
tiie Hmits cm individual participation, foe periods during which options may be 
granted and exercised, foe transferabilit y of options, foe lights a ttaching to STwmag 
p n rett a nt to options, the provisions rgfatmg to take-over, reconstruction and 
winding up and the variation of capital without the consent of .^terphnidRra (unless 
such amendment is necessary or desirable for tax reasons). 

8 Properties 

Details of tbe> Group 3 properties ere as foBows- 


next Square fooege Annual rant 

rent as at 31st 




Expiry Offices Senes Woiksixip March 1986 


Stick House. 
Bramble Road, 


Offices and 








Q Bridford 



7 BinlliirJ 

Offices and 




1000 . 













Smock Road 


















Grace Road, 









Address • DescnpuoH Tfenura Jw' 0*=® * 5MS v;sriGSip 

Grace Road. ' PaintShop Leasehold 10i3®9 | ^ 

tftrir 7. . . . 

Offy-p^ arx-l 


25/1290 2£/l&Z0 1.130 


- r M 


snores - . 

1' • - - 





- - 

t - 




248/89 22«6/04 1.650 


- ..10 




i ~ ■ 

Mbstey ROad. 


i t ■ 

Part of 1st floor 

Offices and 


246®? : 23.BS4 1X3S 


— 5 

ftantwm Hftatc. 





Byion Street; 

Offices and 


241290 2412/10 - L690 


— r . 1 



' ■ - 


Offices and 


24B/8Z 23*37 8175 


— • . ; ♦ 



• - r 

6Tbe Broadway, 



Unit 29. 

Offices and 


VSJSB 30497 300 


- . '3 

tietioo litiubiuol 


• • . i. . ‘ 



Mnrfefwii ItelawT 

AHaoa Haase. 


N/A 2BI9/B9 4280 


- . :13 

©7 Beojanrin 

Tendon EC1 

Albton ffonseis the Groupte former offices The Company occupies premfeesat York Sect 
Glasgow which f^n mp rim frffir»s and stores and which are the subject of a tease itach 
expired on SSfo May 1998 A new lease is cunauiy mxier negotiation. - ; ‘ 

9l Subsidiaries 

Details eft 1 the Company’s prin ci pal subsidiaries (all of which are incorporated in EnjStid 
and Wales) are given below. With the exception cf ITR International Thee Idxnnevthe 
anhaid ia riog ara directly by the Cbmpany. 

frSWRri -Sham fp fta| 

Company GuDjoakO 

Hfa-fr- International Systems 1695 

Blick Communications . 

mi Holdings Limited ‘ 

TTR International Tfrng T.jmitad ... - £&0QQ 

Cbranbe IBH - £WQ 

The registered offices of the subsjtfianes referred to above are as fttifawg : - 

BKcfe International Systems Kick House. Bramble Road. Swindon SN2 6EF *. 

Blick C ommun ications 67 Bndfoid Hoad. Exeter EX28QX 

Bhck Engineering 6/7 Bridford Road. Exeter EX2 8QX 

ITR Holdings Limited Blick House, Brranbfe Road. Swindon SN2 6EF 

.ITS International Time Limited Bhck House. Bramble Road. Swmdon SC 6ES 
Coambe HiU Blick House; Bramble Road Swindon SN26E8 

18 Working Capital 

1L Material Contracts 

The following conttacls, not being contracts enteredinto in the ordinary course ofbusess, 

have been entered into by the Company oar by its subsidiaries is the two years tamedtely 

precedin g the data nf this Hrv-umonf and awi nr may >v» material 1 

(a) An agreement dared. 7th December 1984 between (I) Stick International Syems 

and (2) Alcatel whereby Blick International Systems was. appointed ex o atv e 
distributor in die United Kingdom of^ The T16 Key System" supplied by AkateHfcis 
agreement, wfaicfo to for a dmation of app ro x imately ttoeeyeare isrenewafcJtm a 

upon the giving of six months' notice, or by Alcatel prior to any renewal « the 
agre ement , jf sales t a rgets are not achieved The t«™ of foe distributafaip 
agreement relating to Alcatel’s internal telephone eq uipmen t (which was eared 
into cm 15th December 1981) are essentially identical save flat a three month pace 
period is required for terrmnatroa 

An- agreement dated 15th Jammy 1985 between (0 the Company, (2)3fide 
International Systems and (3j) Mobile Radio C omm; miratio ns Grotto Lftmtedthen 

known as Staipastel Electronics Limited) CMpbiteTwhaeby the Company sal and 

IjmtedliScgrtem loans owed to Blick l^^mtkinal Systems by Cohman Liqted 
and Radio LmkIirmftedforatotelcxmsirieTationcrf£100,QQO. of which £65000 wapaid 
' in cash on completion and £38000 was -■wnrfmri by foe issue to foirfr Intermonal 
Systems of35.6u0 Redeemable CbnvertibtePreference Shams nf£t mnh at j«-m 

An agreemetit dated 26& September 1985 between (I) Bfitk Cmroonit^tin^WTri 
OS) British T Menfwmri n niratinp ^ pic whereby Kick Cfoxormfocatians cdntraod to 
stjpply on-site radio paging equipment of a minimum value of £900,000 (exduve of 
VAT) to British TWecornTminications pic. The d u r ation of the contract is fxm 1st 
Octo ber 1985 to 31st March 1987, but it may be extended upon agreement t both 

An agreement dated 2foh January 1886 between (1) the Cbmpany, (2) Blick irerna- 

tonal Systems; (3) Mobile- andr(4) Mobile Radio CbnanmncattonsSttvices touted 
whereby Kick Inter national Systems surrendered to Mottle the 35:000 Rerip mah iP 
Convertible Preference Shares of £1 each allotted to ft pursuant to the attract 
aesxmbed m sub-para g raph (b) above in conskiexation of a waive* by Mobb of all 
clauns i myter snefa contract Gn- par ti c u hr , actaim against foe Company in resiect of 

c anreftan om of rental cont ra ct poor to tfae date of ccmpletfon ) I 

Atiagreeito effective as of 1st April 1986 Between (1) CSnciimatilhne Reaider 
Ocmto any r Q tirifona ti*) and (2) Stick International Systems wherebiBhck Irtema- 
tonal Systems was appointed exclusive distributor in the United Kngdcm x toe 
recording equipment (both electeHnechanical and electronic) surtoledbyCindn- 
nariThi sageement. winch continues mM force aKj^fectunfflter^^r^vhP 

terminated by efttier party in certain rircumstancas and hv rsnriwainrf*™ diu, 
rntermtional Systems fails to meet sales Y wage BticK 

Two agreements, both dated 23rd N&y 1986, in respect of foe sate of toombe fflira 
investment property, being: 

i) • ra agreem^ between (1) Coambe ffift and (2) Alan Effimwheiby&icnnte 

Kft agreed to grant and Alan Elliot agreed to take an unS^rfSl 

Ml a greed to grant and Alan Elliot agreed to take an unde e4e arm 

FbwIraRpad(nictadmgpartofttebasememof43<^doganSqi relLoncto 

Mr. and Mm Bitot and m bus own ngfat to purchase its comei ifeTtoiai 
ll&^me lgeff 01 2/587,214 Gonditonal upon Admission; cample m to be an 

foe bead leasehold interest m 140 and 142 Pavilion Road an<sfSr5 

<S) The OSer for Sale Agreement refeiied to in paragraph 13 below. I 

13. Taxation ' ' "1 

(a) General 1 

«^ta S » ml bfc o feSia]e ^ eil ‘' 

Taxation of Dividends 

ACT paid on any dh 

id mm By me Intarvj Revenue, » y 

wiH not normafty be hable to 

req^ of divkfencte m such Stores d^^Ste ^ tor c 

respect of dr 
are not reski 

13- Offer far Sate Anaageiaants 

Si? 7 1888 tetween IjUfe 
(4) tte warrantor (tto 

CctoditiOBafty ^ 



sd ib 

at his 

pm to 


S i - 


C are 



fot in 

5 . 







indemnities to Semwort 

tite p rior . nf Vlg 

date of pobheationbf the interm 
perfod ended 31st March 1987. 

Q tot w&oiff 


foe applicati o n far fetmgi mcfodiiig oiSSadSTSS ? 111 para 9raPb2to^ ! i^ 
accoumancy.vBlmtion and^l^e^^^u^_fees of. The ^ 

• ■ "■ ,V\' 



»norrt BT >rf 1116 «gB<apnttms. advertising and eaicnlatmg Uas 

*»«"**• a fee id KtetowurTBeSs^ ■ 

- d^™emeai& inchi n g tbe legal Tees incuned 

✓Sale toeo rJ S ^toL MeBs^ & Go. gainw^Benaoninaytennniate theOSerfor 
■ mnar aUa, n there is any subst antia l change in national «r intaw ^ ti n wai 

- “J : ^^ >nable ^ Ili011 

SSSt£3br^^^ ” Cbmpany. tf practicable), matenaQyaod prejudicially 

for Sale Agreement WeiriwDzt Benson will pay a a nm mi aatm ^ stib- 
nnderwnteis ofl^per can of the Ofer Pnce on the Stares b^si^SSttStL 

Vendor . •-: 

Aftaar Nominees 
D. G. Bam 

T Barclays Nominees (Branches) Tgrnflmrt 
V. fi Bust 
C l Cankett 
Countess Cathcart 
A. T Cole 

• R. L Crockatt 
EDiot family trusts 

_ l P. Ensfcme ^ 

S P. EL Erskine 
Sskme family trusts 
M- G Gdoster 
P. CL A. Jones 

- : V. I Lloyd -: 

New Road Nominees Limiter* 

M. Oxley 
P. Pain 

rlR Soqtt-GaQ - « • • ■ 

A&&RR Shaw ' 

F. L. T. Wade 
L Waikins 

Sr Anthony Weldon and A. G EBot Cas trustees) 

• Jit Preferen tial Application R igh t s 

Preferential conaderatieir win ber given to vahd 
application fbnns far an — 

Number of ordinary shares ■ 




. 4160 

. . 4,860 

.. 74,400 
' 372.000 


. . 2,190 

(D Binder Hamfyn h ave g iven and tore not withdrawn then written consent to the issue 

of this document with the inctaaou herein cftbeir r^aort and of their letter relating to 
the profit forecast and with toe references thereto and to their name, m tbe farm and 
earnest in whichsuch repent letter and references appear. 

©- Eemwnrt Benson has given aixi has not withdrawn its written consent to the issue of 
this document with fee inclusion herein of its letter relating to tbe profit forecast and 
with tbe references thereto and to ils name, in the form and contest m which such 
letter and references appear. 

0c) D.E&J- Levyhatre given and have aj t wuh dr aw ntfaeirwiitten consent to toe issue of 

- das document with the inclusion herein of tbe reference to their name and to then 
valuation m the form and context in which such references appear. 

0 Henrwoit Benson, which is a merchant bank, is registered m England (no. 551334) 
and has its registered office at 20 Fendm zch Street. London EC3P 3DB. 

Cm) The Offered Shares will be registered sB a mries and will rank pan passu in an 
respects with tbeexisting Ordinary Shares, bat are being offered in zenounoeable 

(h) The principal banker to the Company is Ute Royal Bank of Scotland pic. 

17. Documents available far inspection 

Copes of the Mowing documents win be avaffsble to inspection at the offices of Oifiord- 
Turner. Btackftiais House, 19 New Badge Street, London EC4V 6BY, during usual business 
hearts on any weekday (Saturdays excluded) for a penod of 14 days following the date of 
publication of this document 

received on preferential 
ores (10 per cent of the 
l&h May 1988 and from 

— ■ Each such person may 

apply cm a preferential basis for a mminnnn of 100 Ordinary Rh»r« lb tbe extent that ax* 










Dated 28th May 1986 

tho ftomrrmndii m ynri ft pfrfoy; pf fisapoBtol rtf til** C nm r wn F 

ffieandit^onnsoBdaled accounts OFfte Group for the years meted 30th September 
1984 and 30th September 1985 and the audited consolidated accounts of the Group 
for toe six months ended 31st March 1988; 

toe letters of Binder Hamfyn and Keinwart Benson relating to the profit forecast; 
toe report of KtiHat Hamly n set out herein and their statement- of toe 
madeJjy them in arriving at the figures set ont in toeir report 

toe Director^ service agreements referred to in paragraph 6 above; 

thi^ -niteg rti r Hil ilirring thp PVn p V , y oo Op tyvn £fFw=»rrtf» T ftfoT ypri fn -in paragraph 7 


tfy=> material rarffraffta r ofpnrr wH m pa ra graph 11 abcTTOJ and 

the written consents referred to in sub-paragraphs 16 0, (D and (k) above. 

Oii) agree that in consideration of Klemwort Benson agreeing that it wiQ cot, 
poor to 9th June 1986. offer any of the Offered Shares to any person other 
than by means of tbe procedures herein referred to, your application may 
not be revoked until after 16ih June 1986 and that this paragraph shall 
constitute a collateral contract between you and Klein won Benson which 
will become binding upon despatch, by post, to or receipt by The Royal 
Bank of Scotland pic of your application form; 

(iv) agree that completion and delivery of an application form constitutes a 
warranty that your remittance will be honoured on tow presentation; 

(v) warrant that (unless you are an employee of toe Grcup (as at 16th May 1986) 
or an existing shareholder of the Company who is not sellmg shares in the 
Offer for Sale and are therefore authorised to make an application for 
Ordinary Shares as such an employee or existing shareholder) only one 
application has been made by you or on your behalf on an application form; 

(vQ agree that all applications, acceptances of applications and contracts 
resulting therefrom under toe Offer shall be governed by, and construed in 
accordance with, the laws of England: 

(via) win rant that if you sign an application form on behalf of somebo dy efee, ypu 
' have toe authority to do so; 



. — Offe red Shares have cot been and win not be registered nprfwr the TTnrttvt Sto+es 
; Securities Act of 1933, as amended Accordingly, toe Offered Shares may not be ofored, 
- ^oki, renounced or transferred, directly or indirectly, in the United States or Id or for the 

Americ a, US temtanes OT-pos s e sSinns and TDSpagaon* means apy national 07 rgyrufo T ft nf toe 

US or toe estate thereof, any corporation, partnership or other entity created or organised in 
or under the laws of the IB or any political nuKd roimnn t he reo f 

16. General 

(a) Save as dsdosed in paragraphs a 7. 11 azid 13 above. 

0 no share .or loan capital of toeChmparryoraf any of ifosobsuiiartes has been 

issued' within toe three years immediately preceding toe date of this 
document or is proposed to be issued, folly or partly paid, fiat cadi or for a 

mwwtaraHnn other towp i-och- orxi 

Cd) no miissifed capital crftheCongiany or of any erf ifesubsufebes is mxfer potion 

or is agreed conditionally car unconditionally, to be put under option. 

Save as disclosed in paragraph 2 above, no material issue cf Shares (other than to 

BharetolOB tSptP ratrUn crjritamg 'hrilrimj g) vyffl bn rmfto wiftrin piys y qay nft ho rfata nf 
- thift- rtenimont mrifhnnt fly* prior ^pprmwi>of tha Q nnj p H ii y ip y »n«yrq] T pHAtjp g 

Save as dreHkmd herein, no mi i mis wn n . dfamn u to , Izokesages or pt*<er special 
terms have best granted by toe Company or by any of its subsidiaries within the 
ftreeyeflfcs imme&t^pecafihg toe dateof^ tmidocumentin connection with toe 
issueeff sale of any share or loan capifel of sixto company. 

N^hgrl^f!fmipcmyTirir qny nfitBmh ri<tiOTte« igp»n gagadlTiaffry lp g a1nr arhitT atiM 
pw v wa rihfijg whirfi mpy Jjagpopharo had, dprijig to#»tw»lvpTnwitl^p rerBdmg tho 

date of this document, a qignifiraint bHpt* on toe Group's tocmci a i position, arid no 
such proceedings are known to the Directors to be pending or threatened against toe 

Oa n i pan y nr any nf ite mh yfe nia^ whiffo t pay haro rtr htwna haH, rirnrng t he tWE^VB 
innnthRprirrt-fot)H»fta1»»KpiiT«f MirignififfaTitofli^nnthftftnrHipVt toiari^l pfvtoifWfi 
Ttoe rtirapilnTRaTa nf tha npminTi that ton Hmup mrripg Tw twnmaWp Twamaruro hibbt 

far all major risks winch it bices and which would be expected to be the subject of 
insurance c ove t ; <wrppt for equipment which is under rental agre em e n ts to 
matfinifli 1 ^ wfacBB TR qxiT^abflity Tt s In infimici tha equipment 


id) : 





There has been no fiknufkartchangemtoetotancral or hading positinTinf Giniip 
. since 31st March 1986, bang toe crate ol ifeaidtedcmsthdaiedfccounts. 

(aged 66) xetoBdan27toMay I96d htoring crgnpleted over B jreeis as a 

- ffrrpi -n-ir or ~ thp ChlDpcinyC * ” ' 

The tod costo and espesK^toetOSsE foc-Sale and <J1he£toPhcatiaii for Ssto« 
payabte by the Gztnpany, are_expected to amount to qynxriiriMely £750000 
CfOtcludmq VAT). • - - 


(a) *T4ia rarrtr q ct t yailri ng frnm pgrfi aerjap ^ n ^ , gf pp ap plicatio n vwH bff CO^drtinrtal 

up<m (0 the whole of the Ordinary Share capital of Bhck. issued and now being 
issued being admitted to the QSdal List of The Stock Exchange, and such 
admission becoming effective, by not later than 9to June 1986 and (h) toe Offer for 
Sale Agreement not being terminated in accordance with its terms. Cheques or 

hanWiw ; Hrafto fnr amnrmto n prahba nrt arytliralv^ w unit ho r ffio«»nteyf fjjr rvopmc»rrf 

- ' ' before sadtrondhiims are satisfied and the agtoheahon moneys win be by Th^ 

■ Rnyal Hartk nf Rnftffcnv* pfe in a 380 81316 barilf a ccount, If these «wtiti<yw are rtnt 
jeattefinfJ ftfiafri royaid , apphrwti np rrvw«> yy will Vv> i rtiimpri (v rithn ut iijua rpq) hy 

- " TH tuming thp> a pplicant 1 ^ chfypffi nr hflnVwr*« draft nr hy sanding ? frrd ftpfrd ch e qu e 

in favour of the applicant through the post at the nsk of toe persons) entitled 
thereto, itisemectedtoaltfae Ordnaiy Share cqatal will be conditionally admitted 
to the Official List on 30th May 1986. 

0) Bemwoit Benson reserves toe right to reject, in whole or in part, or to scale down 

any application and in particular, nwfr ipto or .yu-yp^ iarf iwwmp i** « ppKnatw* ns *>nri 

tn p rey^pnt for payment any bW nk«i' , « r up^fp wpri. Hatty application 

is not accQjted in whole or in part or is scaled down, the application moneys or. as 
toe case nay be, the balance thereof will be returned (without interest) to the 
applicant by returning the applicant's cheque oar banker’s draft or by sending a 
crossed cheque in fevour of toe applicant through toe post at toe risk of toe 
persoa(s) entitled thereto 

(c) Any contract made by acceptance (whether in whole or in pert) of any application 

riwll mi nJ ituto a'gft pjwate wtwtmrt frir tha purrhaw* nf pflrVi nf thft nffarerf Rhar^w 
and thffs e tr*rms nrvi rrmriitirmfi ,gte>n be COZBtTUed aCCC gdfa ltfy. 

(d) Save where the c gn to i t otherwise requires, terras defined in this bear 

toe same meaning when U9ed herein or in application forms. 

(e) Applications (otoer than pr^ran ti al applications) must be made on tbe 

a n nnm[ M ii y i rigfip p1inn ti»n form. Ry Qomphwng aild rfatiwapngaTi appTir^tinn friryn, 

you (as toe ^jdiran^s)): 

0 offar to purrtoase f rom Be i nwart Benson the mirnbe r of Ordinary Shares 

S perifigri in your ap plicatio n fc« III (or su c h Bmanar numVtfrr to which toe 
ap pHfwtfo ” iTKfy tv* wryspptef^) rm aryt sub je ct to te^mvand oonditions 

(of which foe sections entitled "Procedure to Application” and "Basis of 
Acceptance andDeahng Arrangement^ form part) aixisubiecttottie listing 
particulars relating to the Company cfeted 28th May 1986 (the listing 

toe Company; 

Oft ’authorise The Royal Bank of Scotland pie to send a panounoaable latter of 
a c cap te ico far the iMBDbsr of Ordinary Shares for which your appticatinn is 
accepted and/ora crossed. cheque for any moneys returnable, by post at 

- yrurrmlrtn rfw aMmo ! nf fht> ppwrai (nrt ho fnSt-haSDBd pprann) nsmat in 
yrafrappixafa y i farm arid in pmcnirp that yvirnama (and m« Tiamp(g)nfamy 

. . pint applicants)) is^are placed on the register of members of toe Company 
in respect cf such Ordinary Shares tite entitlement to which has not been 
duly renounced: 



agree that in respect of those Ordinary Shares for winch your application 
has been received and is not rejected, acceptance of your application shall 
be constituted either by nonficanon to The Stock Exchange of the basis of 
allocation (in which case acceptance shall be on that basis) or by tbe 
determination of the number of Offered Shares for which your application is 
accepted pursuant to the arrangements made between Kletnwort Benson 
and The Royal Bank of Scotland pic; 

confirm that, in making your application, you are not relying on any 
information or representation in relation to the Grotto or any of the Offered 
Shares other than such as may be comatned herein and accordingly agree* 
that neither Kleinwon Benson nor any person responsible for this document 
or any part of it shall have any liability to any such other information or 
r e p resentation; and 

warrant that you are not a US person, that you are not applying on behalf of or 
with a view to reselling to a US person and, if 70U are a dealer, that you will 
advise any purchaser from you of any Ordinary Shares allotted to you of the 
restrictions on resales in the US cor to US persons set forth above and will 
further advise any dealer purchasing from you that it must similarly advise 
any purchasers from such dealer of such restrictions. 

No person receiving a copy of tins document or of an application form in any , 
territory other than the UK may treat the same as constituting an itimaiion or offer to 
hire, nor should be in any event use such form unless, in the relevant territory, such 
an. invitation or offer could lawfully be made to him or amh form couJd lawfully be 
used without contravention of any registration or other legal requirements. Any 
person outside the UK other than a US person w ishin g to Tnaiw> an application 
hereu nder must satisfy h i m self as to full observance of the laws of any relevant 
territory m connection therewith, including toe obtaining of requisite governmental 
or other consents, observing any other requistie formalities and paying any 
transfer or other taxes due in such territory. 


Copies cf these Listing Particulars, which win be published in the Financial TTmes and The 
Tones an Thursday 23th May 1986, can be obtained from toe Registered Qffipo of the 

fVon p oTr y anrf f rnm- 

gtemwm* Bgnwn Tjrrritpd 

20 Fenchurch Street 
London EC3P3DB 

L Messel&Co. 

1 Finsbury Avenue 
London EC2M 2QE 

The Royal Bank of Scotland pic 
34 Fettes Row 
Edinburgh EH3 6UT 

and from the following hraiyd p** of The Royal Bank of Sr^diamt pir» 

12 Golden Square 
Aberdeen AB9 8DU 

New Issues • 

. Department ; 
24 Lombard Street 
London EC3V-9BA 

11-12 Bennetts HID 

Him iiit y lijg n Rgfil^g 

98 Buchanan Street 
Glasgow G13BA 

36-38 Baldwin Street 
Bristol BS1 1NR 

27 Park Row 
Leeds LSI 5QB 

Drummonds Branch 
49 Charing Cross 
London SW1A 2DX 

1 Dale Street 
Liverpool L2 2PP 

38 Mosley Street 
Manchester M60 2BF? 

127 Commercial Road 
Swindon SNI SPZ 


-1 - 

1 Insert m Bck 1 0n figures) the rnimber of 

Ordinary Shares to which you are 
applying. Applicatiott most be to a 
. xnmfrnnm cl 20Q Ordinary Shares or in one of toe 

- to not more than ^000 Shares; in a nnfifiple of 200 

=. Shares 

^ to more Ban 2,000 Shares,bot not more than - 
SJI00 Stares, in a natiigde of SOD Shares 
- to mere than 5,000 Shmns, but not mere titan 
r 20,000 Shares, fnaimtitipleaf L000 Shares 
T- to more' than 2G0OO Sbarea,'but not mare than 
lOOflOO Shares, in a multiple of 104)00 Shares 
— for more than lOOjOOO^ffwp^. fti n 


, n XtatmBax26nfignres)fheaziioiixtiofyoar 
X dwqne ar bankeri* draft. The amoontoC 

:U your cdteqoe cur banker’s draft should be 

■143^ ngffljpltol by the mmtogref O rdinary Shares 
inserted in Bax L 

: : Number of 
.OnSbnary ... 
" . .Shares - 

• • ■ Amount 

• pay : . 

" 400 
1.000 . . . 

£294 ' 


.£1,420 . . 

S Thfaisadettoaitoofcftfe e n sh to to the 
purposes of US secanties laws. TTie 
definittoo£TBperaarf , issetontin 
15 gf Oumml tuftnnwAni* 

A Date and sign the appficatkm form SnBcot 4. 

A someone else on your bebaff if duly 
^ntoozised to do so. Peasonssjgnmg on behalf of 
applicants who are individiials should endose the 

should sign under the hand of a dnly authorised 
•bffioal ■ 1 ’ 



Put your fr dl and address in BLOCK 

LETTERS in Boat 5. . 

At toBc att ans inay not be mads by perscostinder 

cc banker's 
Bank of 

Sootiand pic to the amount payable on application 
inserted mBou 2 and should be mossed “Not 
negotiable BEdc*. . 

No reoefot win be issued far this payment, which 
must be settop far tins application. • 

Your c heq ue car banker's draft must be drawn in 
sterling on an accaurti at a branch (which must be in 
the United YmqrWn , toe Qiaimri Maiyfc or the 
of Man) of a bank winch is either a member cf the 
Committee of London and Scottish Bankers or which 
has its cheques end banker's drafts cleared through 
the sante clearing system as the members of that 
Committee (and must bear the appropr ia te sorting 

nnrift wirniherr in top right hand mmi>r) 

j^ipli c at icgis may be aco nmpanferi by a cheque 
drawn by someone other than the applicants), but 
any moneys to be returned ^ win be sent by crossed 
cheque in favour of tbe persoefs) named in Boxfes) 

5 (and 2). 

7 You may apply jomtiywito other persons. 

■ You must tii^i arrange for tha application 
form to be oomideted by oral behalf of 
. each joto^3pfcant (gp to a maxsnnm of three other 
persons). Their full names and addresses should be 
put m BLOCK LETTERS in Box Z 

8 Boot 8 most be signed by or on behalf of 

eadi joint applicant (other than the first 

i ppKp^nt rtip ytwil^ oogplfita ttoji 5 wrxt 
sign in Bax 4). . 

Pbsods signing ot behalf of applicants who are 
individuals enclose tile powers of attorney 

for inspection. 

* Yon most sand toe complBtBd application foam by 
post, or deliver it by hand, to The Royal Bank of 
Scodand pic; New Issues Department, 24 
Lombard Street, London ECSV8BA, in each case 
so as to be recarved by not later than IOlDO a.m. 

.. on Turedny 3rd June 1888. 


l to ue first dasspostand to alloar 
at least two days to ddivezy. 

* Photostat cx^ses af application forms will not be 
accepted.- . 






(regisfered in England and Wales; no. 875534) 

Offer for Sale by Klemwort Benson Limited of 7,308,210 ordinary shares of 5p each in Blick pic at a price of 147p per share, 
payable in foil on application. 


I/We offer to purchase from 
Klemwort Benson Limited 




ordinary shares of Sp each in Blick pic (or such lesser 
number of shares in respect of which this application may 
be accepted) at 147p per share on the terms and subject to 
the conditions attaching to this application. 

and JMb attach a cheque or banker’s 
draft for the amount payable, namely 

I am not a US person (as defined in the Listing 
Par tinMlars ) anri am wo t making this application on behalf 
of a US person 





The application to wffl open at: 10.00 aib- on Tuesday 3id June lf%6 and will dose as soon thereafter as 
Kfemwort tiarwin nay deteonioe. 

Wm Tiflu p aXL Kvuu aiB spcofcflbftil tn wboteor in pait vua will bQ .shor tly after tbe 

- a leaounceabteWter of aco^laik» fejCTmaiary dbcmx«nt of tifle>fbr the Ordinary Shares 

allocated to you. ffytmrtippticafionis accepted mpart^ toe balance of toe moneys peud by you willbe 
■ (wuhnut mtere^). ' 



3l Amount nxaHDd 

4. Amom« NtaDb 

5 . Amotn rctumad 


S.Okv> No. 


Syot application is i 

t&jmvswiB be Tetinned as soon as pssfodcabte after toe announcement ctf the basis of allocatfon and will be 


only the names aud addresses cif the second and : 

.The first or sole aj 
tapphearus, each of whose signatures ts requned in Box 8. 

i Insert below 



i Bui 
s left 
•p and 
:p after 
jg by 
ter fig- 

xfey- - 

wbidi a 
h a 38 9 
and a 
ue on 
tnnb at 
i Refr> 
i 3p. 

Op to 
tat the 
ned 8p 
- New- 
a quiet ' 
foe of (t 

s were 

strad- . 

* 7 P « 
ting at 

nd 03 

r-7 per 






23 w 
46+2 nd 
180 -10 

3-3 7*1 

590 W 
2 hi. 


■e rating — . 
interest _] 
ofit was — i 
vas 781 

I r 

[VEST- _J I 
the six 1 
ic divi- 0 I 

,aa- if. 

nds — I T-- 
*,517). , : 

0) and — I ' 

» was 
>n ex- 
5) and 

Ten * 

■/as | 
















Bto to a totel ct 10 per cent cf tbe Ordinary Shares vnll in toe first instance be made afoQable at toe Offer 

at lfthMay 1986) afld gnpgfrtig -■diarphnldera otthe Cuumanv other toau those salana m the C^r for Sale. 

Mr, Mr?, o’’ titip 

'Mr. Mrs, Mtsr nr titte 


FrsTHnamoftj) _ 



I !■ 


4 . 


From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 


Strong rally 

K DUsnea on tots page, if it matebes you 
ve woo outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
-winner follow the claim procedure on the 
bad of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began May 12. Dealings end tomorrow. §Comango day Monday. Settlement day June 9. 
* fForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

DAILY dividend 
£ 4,000 

Gaims required for 
+40 points 

ffaimants should ring 025+53272 


No. Ceojssay . 



Meyer Ini 

Nat Aua Bk 


Building, ftoada 

Banks. Discount 

ifr. 13'. Royi ft* 01 Can £is’« -■* . .. 4 , 

380 2M ' Ftajd Bnk Ot Scot 328 M+2 M.S 44 » 

14N S'. Schrodars E7 *V 192 27 134 

55 33 Sm*i Si Autayn SO 25 U 44 

B9* 419 sard am 807 *s ttt M M 

618 613 Unan 748 +6 SM 7.1 754 

©V 43'. ink Fwtp 02 4-1 . ■■ ■ . 

320 220 Wnnal 270 +5 7.1 2817.1 

Hepvood Williams I BuildmgJtoads 

Maits & Spencer 


Drapery .Si ores 

Sutcliffe Speafcntaa 


Want While I Drapery .-Stores 

Yorkshire Chart 

179 158 
288 173 
114 77 

251 217 
248 153 
234 163 

313 223 
315 228 
251 188 
SOS 410 
315 195 


Hardys s hi 

Esh'Sifl* ' 

SA Br are r da 
sax & No* 


vwwbreaO 'A* 

Do B- 

wwMw o ad hiv 
WMvTtmdDi 8 D 
Young -A- 

■ 4-18 134 


•1 1.1 
+1 4.8 


+S 145 



+15 10.3 







-1 41.1 

1-5 164 


+2 11.1 
+5 122 



Salvesen (Chsoil 


Avne Fisheries 


Please be sore to take account of 
any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


N _ 
















































48 38'r 

195 100 
383 281 
3*1 180 
1SB 106 
111 TB'i 
128 102 
IBB 112 
95 57'r 
138 82 
265 MS 
180 138 
142 112 
20 IS 
163 127 
131 TOC? 
2*5 172 
298 215 
160 113 
453 330 
101'. 79 
10 734 
410 333 
118 102 
B5 179 
86 62 
178 13*'j 
330 218 
68 36 
213 181 
12E 67 

AKZO N/V Boon* 
aam Coftads 
Aneflor Chawed . 


Ear* DMS0 
Brant Chora 
Br Baaal 
Cairog |W| 

Coras Brea 
Do A' 

Cory (Horace} 
Da DM 

EM A EreraM 
Hansae (James) 
Hoechu DMSO 
bop Cnera m 
L apono 

S? 1 


Rmbraok HUgs 
Smckffa SpeAman 

Watawinam AM 
vertmnaa Cbsm 

480 88 .. 

33 17 198 

89 24 183 
61 2.7133 

57 38 21.7 
700 68 . . 

103 88 173 

69 38181 
.. ..967 

31 4.1 219 

93 28 138 
68 47 83 

38 49 83 
09 30 31 
108 &3 18.1 
.. ..133 

88 44 17.7 
129 43 121 

34 49 108 
21.4 48 113 

47.1 53 93 

1 18 24 143 
47 4.1 122 

23 13 22-0 

28 5.0 63 

33 25173 

. 810 

11.1 21 ZCL4 
43 28 107 


235 176 Angw IV -A* 
SO 27 Osipn 
2*0 176 HIV N/V 
35b 263 LWT Hdgs 
346 188 Scot TV -A 1 
23b 153 TVS N/V 
43 31 TOW 

233 -a 128 63 WO 

50 +2 29 58 72 

■HO 114 84 96 

355 213 60 149 

348 *3 15. On 43 119 

23$ +2 T14 49 113 

38*: +'i 28 29 109 

433 328 Grand MM 488 123 23 125 

Wi 3J8 Kmwdy O nto 218 21 1 0 113 

381 312 Ladoroka 334 -1 121 49167 

545 447 Lon Park IMMs 520 • 143 28 159 

100 78'j Mora Chartaaa 784 • . 28 28 128 

105 67 Prince Of W Hrak 80 « 21 29 144 

79 SB'i Ouwra MOM 684 23 24 15 0 

405 371 3nOY Howls "A" 373 +2 58 1.3 14.7 

81 56 SMka 89 +2 1.8 2617.0 

209 146 TnaBnm Fens IBS 79 59 159 







40 10.4 



43 114 




10 34.1 




03 609 




19 328 



2* SI 



23 204 







62 99 



19 127 


• «2 


14 152 



42 260 



5X 102 



24 133 



IX T94 



13 362 




15 173 



47 62 



20 267 



28 184 




27 175 



10 73 




39 1*2 

-N 21 


-*• 23 

-4 28 


-'i . 29 

-’* 28 

-■« 29 

-4 29 

-4 28 




, 424 






67 112 



52 64 



52 73 



22 28-1 



108 65 



*9 147 







73 84 



33 105 







21 118 


65 30.0 


13 142 


96n 42 04 

967 n 93 




4X 161 


17 X 

4 0 228 



7X U.4 



16 ms 



53 61 




89 UX 



68 206 



69 54 


31 63 


44 120 


24 262 



35 141 



22. . 

25 21 
58 23 
29 48 

S3 164 
19 . 
22 288 
11 124 
13 BQJ 
44 323 
21 121 
21 <87 
*X 103 




44 168 



4.6 22* 







24 26X 



54 113 




51 119 




33 162 




10 28.0 



50 143 



14 121 



1.7 73 



1.1 134 




6.7 124 



. 42.1 



27 . 


SOn 4 1 114 



20 110 







40 74 




11 365 



U 161 




12 104 



14.1 . 

4X 123 




29 225 



70 11.4 






60 123 



19 113 






• ■ 


14 165 




■73 n:r 


257# 64 9X 




7.1 . 



44 153 




66 61 




24 160 






.4.1 164 



44 354 







7.1 69 



*4 74 




2.1 219 



14 4*© 


29b 41 119 




34 174 



61 79 




*9 IIX 


+1 V 


43 123 



53 167 




4.1 113 



10 229 

’ 58 ' 






05 249 



U 99 


• *5 


S3 143 




35 163 


. a 






110 5 12-0 




44 161 



4.1 113 




54 123 




10 327 



6, 109 


• +3 


4.1 1*0 



67 71.1 




49 148 


+2 - 


39 124 




13 09 






19 2X8 



24 250 



SO &1 




69 110 





66 93 



61 117 



18b 1.7168 



61 165 



12 133 



2 X 

40 471 





1740 45 87 



64 74 



40 17.7 







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67 105 






67 462 








33 129 



29 21.7 

80 * 










75 69 



30 JJ 





107 71 
54 26 

112 74 

570 356 
89 32 
98 «4 
425 331 
81 40 

172 121 
273 IBS 
2184 WB'a 
48 32 

310 2074 
305 208 
234 m 
80 48 

225 175 
116 92 

258 171 
280 188 
315 168 
194 174 
377 am 
984 S3 
118 88 
118 95 
137 574 

Com Sanwry 
Cook (Win} 
Copson |FJ 


Coartnay Pop* 
Com Da Groot 
Crest MchaMn 
Opmi HOUU 
cureras SM 


dm« a m« -a- 

Dnres A No —nan 

uL Him 
D eha 

OkMbmfl • 

DonHn tot 

+4 28 


8 +18 11.1 
+4 21 

+1 49 


+2 69 

.. 11.1 
-2 375 

+5 23 

•-2 179 



• . . 143 
+4- 23 

+5 429 

+1 92 

09 •: 
B .; 79 ! 

+4 74 : 

7.1 I 
-i 79 : 
+2 39 ; 

+1 19 09 . 

-1 119 64 72 

.. 279 54 47 


17.1 09 803 

5.7 23 409 

! j U M 109 

+5 104 02 473 

69 402X8 
89b 49 252 

% % , W U> 

313 258 Eastern Plod 280 

221 158 Edera 218 

277 214 E1S 2*0 

*04 294 BUM 38*4 

120 1024 Been 105 

284 174 Bncndux (AE) 9 £254 

88 52 BWMIH) 0B 

284 134 En+Wrt £M4 

381 2B2 EngWt Chna C*y 3B8 

284 134 EnSwn (LU) V £234 
183 143 Ersktns Houm 148 - 

I77’4i324 Cu opran Fomas .148 . 
140 112 Dp JPvflrt - 126 
3*2 188 Cre rafl SB 

IS 111 Ewk 119 

220 127 ExpraM H 135 

415 315 BM 380 

40 22 Falcon 40 

41-98. Fonda* Aorta tad 37 

143 108 Eaonsr (ift)- ■ -124 

76 60 File tefross 53 

6TB 408 Flsons 588 

52 35 FUzw«Dn 52 

12* 84 FVaeao caw ns 

69 314 RAM 55 

IS 100 Fogarty 113 

414 274 Mas Group N/V 324 
199 157 FMhargB (Mng IM 

57 51 Fiwei (Thome*) 51 

124 84 GQ W 124 

385 266 CKN 343 

305 280 GR 3116 

110 80 Gorton Eng IBS 

147 in a o rau w is 

130 111 BM 145 

1147564 0*8*0 9» 

423 30 Qpmaa 3WJ 

505 410 Qanj Ken- 430 

238 107 Grampian HUBS 148 

312 206 Oanaaa 288 

104 7 Grp— ba* 84 

93 594 Him Praaokm 804 

218 IS MW Era 218 

182 IS HaB (M) 140 

205 ISO HSU 2*3 

363 230 Hanna 25$ 

374 254 Honrenon tad 35 

48 30 Hanmax 314 

191 Ml Hanson 187 

190 145 Do 8% Qnv * E190 

116 08 DO 544. PI 116 

106 133 H a i n ra mas 180 

57 69219 
57 79 167 

149 59 84 
10.0 44 03 
99 4.0 102 
29 89 159 

69 57114 

90 58 THafaS 
IS 78 Trotaa 
231 76 Tumor * Nam 
281 95 WO 

125 75 IMooup 
17 TSV OoSow 
734 584 untaar (NV) 
252 212 VMor 
540 2B3 WMati 
IS 1GE mor ProflBCts 
193 123 wrai 
2044137 WM w anwi 
IK 116 W5L 

202 158 Waoon kd 

135 as HMONM a*K 
106 181 WMM omo 
315 230 WodB-OOd 
184 60 VUr 

231 183 WMtaama 
314 U4 W S min 
110 55 WreBond 
118 78 wm 
295 210 W i oan wi Rarat 

253 177 WMacreA 
IS 137 unkaa (Jamai) 
740 385 -VMara NHgt 
180 IS Wfc Qp 

S3 434 UAmAomb 8 Rn 
08 78 Wyidtrai Sg 

830 503 Y«tq* ^ 

178 135 YOWW (HJ 

I .. 0.1 

+2 290 

1+2 ?:l 


+4 5U 

-7 ■> 

- 189 

.. 89 

-a 49b 
-24 . 




*3 107 


« 43 


» 39 

1+4 79 

+10-. 113. 
+12 -93 
+3 - 39 


30 10 
1» 117 
B2 2* 
VO 200 
58 28 
120 » 

«?, a 2... 

S 12 
243 110 

300 1*3'- 
48 30 

143 22 
3* 23 

275 180 
524 43 

am sw 
is m 

97 37 

•234 15 
153 43 

200 Wn 
218 155 

Pee* & O' 

as; *n D* «» 

57 55512 

i;i lU aa 

14 41 129 

73 .. 



226 in AbbayUfa 
ZB 1 . 22 Am 8 Mbs 
23'. 32 Am Gan 

301 235 
431 213 
55* TOI 
654 720 
70S 5S4 
3*8 267 
839 8B2 
897 717 
420 281 
684 29'. 

Com UM>n 


Oh Acadant 

tra ce 
Hoop HeUanacn 

1^4 A Gan 
Lonksi I Man 
Loo Ud kw 
Marsh & mcLbb 

n »r<| | i— ■* Gp 


Sura HUBS 
Thai na—iri 
Son Lda 
Trsda taOMBMy 

2S 17S Ham |PK4p) 223 

8Z3 *31 tawhar a wtaby 581 i 

150 92 Manta* IS 

121 Bi Hay (Norman) in 

220 140 Hnworfli Cammle EOS < 

17B 98 Ham 185 i 

98 05 Ha— a (9 B3 

142 is Hugm 8 Job 142 

81 62 H Ss Brew 87 

101 0B HMI LtOftf 87 I 

285 148 HopMnnns 235 

120 91 Ho— Mn IS 

154 11*1 Hudson Bay CIA 

310 234 Hunang Assoc 290 

US 88 Hwang Group 110 

265 2074 Hutchan Whonpoa 247 
188 119 Ull 181 

315 211 Honan 235 

295 275 Jodaona 8am Z75 

1234 964 JanXne Mm 107 

613 473 JMHwan Cl aa n ra 813 

188 133 -Joknaoii MaHtiay -188 - 
444 224 Johnson 8 FB 39 

330 235 Johnston 280 4 

136 B_ Janas 8 Shram. IS- 
IS 87 Jowttan (Thomas) 115 1 

29 21 Katamnoo 25 

30 25 Kafcm 31 

3 zs 18 8 NMaarhd- — -am — 

138 ICS Kanrray Smsto 120 

296 230 Karshaw(A) 2» 

161 123 Klssn-6-Za 183 

144 98 
220 120 
151 S 
58 34 

225 160 
300 3JB 

524 48 
81 65 - 

120 S3 
131 94 

103 48 
ITS 135 
381 278 
375 326 
84 45 

228 187 
380 260 
67 51 

183 1264 

Booasy > Ha wha a 

find LMhou 

H an bmoar Bmd 
Jutwi Wgs 
Ma taw rar 
Rady UaaW 
May Lawt 

1 31MS 

+2 99 


•+v mn 

+8 429 

+4 189 

• +6 99 


• *8 SX 

• +27 41.1 

+5 349 

+1 134 

+15 36J) 
+5 340 

• SX 

-4a 220 

• .. 114 

• -9 128 

+4 829 

+27 371 
+3 199 

+7 369 

♦5 1X7 

• +8 197 

-3 89 

+10 S .0 
+7 339 

.. US 
+5 1Z5 

a-6. HU 90 £2 

0*7 73 5 3 HO 

1.4 29128 

• . 89 49 106 

85 29 168 

.. 450 
.. -.444 

+! 89 54 SJ 

7.1b 62 85 
43 SO 189 

"79 aS S3 

• +2 10.7 09 119 

181 44 UO 

.. .. 229 

«9 49 T4.1 

24b 19 „ 

-3 57* 99 11 4 

&1 37 1X2 

4fl 31 BflrtNtidi 

158 1 27 

S ?? U 

233 T83 LunrhO 

_3P $1 Ocean VAHor. 

256 190 Praraon Z»* 

200 190 Du A 
SOB 128 POW ^ 

50 30 Simeftnny 

580 558 SMMBfta 
23* 61 TC2— XMFHMT 


0.7 15 12a 

1-3 TOO 76 18 
*1 U 71 40 . 

■3 .266 76 11.5 
» .. 259 702X1 

I . 16 49 129 

+2 758 6.1 129 

42 a* 64. 

66 4.1 69 

88 41 69 

+5 79 39 49 

229 61 122 

.. 838 

TOO 59 81 


236 -5 49 

U1 • . 

45 “2 *6 

232 69 

42 - 

173 71 

299 64 

206 M .. 171 

158 J9 

156 76 

195 a +6 46 

910 *S 

2tj 120 

280 +» 38 

272 M+2 118 

173 39 

410 . . 10.0 

271 +3 113 

410 -5 67 

89 M-t A3 

215 4.1 

783 -a 73 

2CS +2 B7 

405 +5 66 

190 +2 81 

118 • 57 

IS 69 


•16 "" 1291 

799. +f» SO 

128' j +2 00 

M2 -1 47 

298 • .. 67 

■ 49 +2 

785 ... 367 

296 92 

483 -A 49 

- . «*. •” 

79 411S.1 
19 07479 
68 61 1S4 

263 49 167- 
07 0X2X0 
.. ..199 

167 39 109 
68 47 7.7 

fij 49 20.5 64 
1.7 59 169 
-MX — 39-44.1- - 
29b 1.7 21.1 
21.4 7X 2*2 : 
7.1 49 329 I 


tt 1 * 71> Aug Amur Coal 
1 0'. 7*3 AngAm 
57 1 . 38 Am Gold 
58 33 AAIT 

40 SH AnMoral 

41 26 db "A 
19fi 120 AyarHkra 
425 298 -Btyuoari 
-100 ; 85 -Bracksn 

21<* 12H BoSets . 

388 258 CRA 
B9 45 Carr Boyd 
-584-430- -em-GMB&Mda 
531 314 Ds Baara 
.200 123 OneMr a M 
9 1 * '$*+' Docmlaraki 
9 DrManrai 
7 1 . 4 (Xaban 
255 150 E Dngu 
59* 305 Qmcfcand 
186 129 B Ora 
IK 110 Babuig 
390 246 ERanaGMd 
4’a 2% E Rind Prop 
-9" 5>« fS On 
2T3 118 FSDav 
75 so Gnaror Tli 
a* 3'- Ohm - • 
10 6 Gen Mmng 

•MP» 7 OFSA 
478 313 GM Kstgoort 
63 X Oav*7B 
101 70 Grosronch Rm 

375 210 QrooMM - - 
148 01 Hampton Area* 

BN 5N Hammy 
350 220 Kartes 
8 i 5 i JoKirtaa • 

12H r> Kfenm 
0N 3N Kkxri 

100 85 ladle 
13V 7N Ubaran 
410 190 Lora* 

157 90 MM 

28 15 MMaysm Mnng 

123 74 Mntareta 

23 144 MeWs Exp 

S 8 Mhangura 
J 8h Mdote wu 
655 530 Mjnoroo 
ft 9 Naw WIH 
142 78 mu Broken MB 

50 30'j Ml Kataurf 

280 210 Nortagna 

22N 14V Or»mr Free 
IS SO Parang T«i 
209 207 Pako wrarad 
25 14 Rand Mnai Lid 
445 270 Rod Mhea Prop . 
10 16 Raodtoran 

296 225 Rerrasi 
797 611 RTZ 
7V 4’i ftmanbug 
lOh 7'; St Hatana 
IS 83 SA Lad 
31 17 SasBlMM - 

556 3S3 - SMtaaaw- ■ ■ 
138 80 Smg* Beal 
9'J 8 TM* 

IS 76 Tronoh 
569 350 Una 
.94 »■* vm Raafs 
544 279 VtaxaneoM 
105 05 VtafcfoiWkl - 

90 58 Vogals 

17 10'r war** Calory 
Sffi 296 WMtaxn 
3ta 163 nbwh Anas 
294 17V w ra a m Deep 
196 142 Wemrn ESSnara 
205 150 «M Rand Cdna 
140 ao Whm croak 
T7>. g>, Wtakata 
56 35 WU MgM 

164. TIN ZMaCtpw 
» 40 ZamtaaD^^ 


-37 5*0 
-7 4*6 

-3 271 

-10 475 
-7 79.0 

-5 2X0 

— V 262 I 

46 .. 

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-6 44 

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124 67 .. 
89 3X13X 
-10 1*0 127 - 

—13 284 109 
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17.1 462 IX 
604 114 .. 
87.0 114 
460 64 

.. 644 2X8 
. +1 S.4_ 38 424 

-V 829 119 
-2 170 74 

3*5 57 
-V 894 122 
■ -•» <S 04 102 

.. 290 34.1 . 

-V 115 149 

-25 104 19 

-V 234 77 




124 4X 7 A 
-1 351 123 .. 


1 . SIX 44 69 
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-N 125 167 . 
v wo 206 


.. 404 11.1 

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-U 54.0 19.6 
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+YN ^ ^ 7J 

-S 874 18.5 
-10 234 14.1 ' 
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+2 34 24 

-10 124 64 
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388 270 Man 281 -a 

94 R1 Mur (James) 64 •+] 

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f™ 4S P 60 D IB 321 +1 

» Rramra Hal 91 
390 360 TumbMI Sara 380 

144 24 194 

7.1 24 214 

6.1 22 824 
4.7 73 94 

174 34 244 
61 69 573 

.. ..0.7 

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03 49 90 
229 43 152 

7.1 T« 54 

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MO 290 Ffl 32B 

206 164 Oarnor Boom 176 

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8?8 * 3 - 

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660 470 Octcoua ' • 6K 

138 m PortMwueiSwd .IS 
*B 220 Trar k *. • AS 

380 ON Uht Hprepnpwa 373 

46 -84 60 134 
+6 61 21 159 

1*4 44 <84 

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11.1 23 21X 

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4.7 34 234 

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143 6, 64 
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6 7 54 42.0 

69 47 54 

63 90 107 

68 67 63 
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33 - 

otange m wrmNATimM.MAnKWYmfr 

Substantial career challenges for ambitious young 



£10,000 to £13,500 + benefits . 

Bffi a max — the yonn& profitable and 
rapidly expanding international 
division of the Mars Group — 

Gpedaiifiea in marketing the Groups 
wall-known consumer prodnote to 
over 10G countries worldwide, and . 
plays a leading rote tn overseas 
market deMqpmant and growth. 

We now have vacandsa in our 
Finance Department tor young, 
highly-motivated, parU praltffod 
accountants who are keen to derelop 

Salaries are Eopptemsnted hy both 
indhridoal and company perfbrTBoce 
homses, andara i»±Bd hy a 

haQsfltB package including 



Heatre apply. g nolo6a% ygarcy. to 
Michael Pratt. KHBMEX (An 
International Dttlskm of the Mars 
Group), 268 Bath Boad, Sough, 
Berkshire SL1 4KB. 

experience and financial gystous 
afcfflE in aprogressfwe and fist- 

TnrnrtTigtntfl ynafcinnal lrwu lMHw g 

environment. Prospscte for oarear 
advancement within the division and 
within the Mars Group are excellent 
Srfaittahle individuals. 

An International Division 
of the Mars group 

New opportunity for high profile, hi-tech, 
commercfa) accountant to come to the 
heart of the City’s rapid evolution. 



£25,000 negotiable + car 

Computerisation gathers pace 

• Jn preparation for 'big tiang’^StoA Exchange 
is buflcfing and developing far reaching electronic 
information and communication systems. 

• The electronic market floor— brings together 
market makers, broker dealers and the whole 
investment community. 

• Computerisation in the securities industry is 
gathering pace - be in on the leading edge at the 
frontiers of technology. 

Your background and profile 

• Qualified accountant (ACMA, ACA), likely to be in 
your 30’s with senior level experience in 
commerce/industry or the financial sector. 

• Hands on exposure, achieving results to tight 
deadlines using computerised accounting 

• Three way skiRs 

- Technically competent accountant 

- Good communicator. 

— Understanding of information systems and 

• Maintenance of credibility is vital -you must be 
resffient, robust with a sense of humour. 

Controlling change 

• Key responsibly for key member of financial 

• Creative control and strategic management 
accounting is required. 

• Cash flow - financial viability of new systems in 
the market place. 

• Providing management and financial accounting 
control/performance information in a form which 
is going to be most useful to management 

• improving cost efficiency. 

Career in the fast lane 

• With exposure at an levels rrrfhe Stock Exchange 
and foe Cfty this is a genuine career opportunity. 

• You will be given a high degree of responsibility 
and team building experience. 

• Excellent fringe benefits including free travel. 

Please reply with a full CV to Jennifer Gregson, 

Personnel Manager, The Stock Exchange, 

Old Broad Street, London EC2N 1HP. 

Tel: 01-588 2355, ext 28123. 

Young Accountants . . . How much are you worth? 

Salaries for newly qualified ACAsand ACMAs can range from 
£15,000 to £35,000. You may have wondered how much you could 
reasonably command on the open market or even whether you are 
being fairly remunerated In your current position. As a young and 
progressive recruitment consultancy specialising in the newly 
Qualified area of the market we are able to provide you with a free 
and confidential assessment of your worth, given your experience 
and area of interest Informed and independent career guidance is 
also freely available. 

Simply complete and return the coupon below (or phone Eileen 
Davis on 01-930 7850) and we will send you a brief questionaire. 
Upon receipt of this we will contact you with an estimate of your 
current market rate. 

Robert Walters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 
66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y 4RF 
Telephone: 01-930 7850 

Phlame _ 

‘ — l 

i i 

i Address 1 

I . . . 

1 ‘ ‘ 

... i 


1 Home taleohnna 1 

J Please send me an 
j assessment questionaire LI 




Young ACAs 


highly visible career stepping stone 

£18-25,000 + mortgage etc 

Highly prestigious and highly respected, our (Sent is one 
of the largest financial groups. It offers excellent 
opportunities to ambitious Chartered Accountants aged 
mid/late 20s to make the transition from the Profession to 

You wifi join a high profile team undertaking operational 
reviews and appraisals of the group's activities, controls 
and information systems -a wide ranging brief 
which provides a thorough insight into the 
many facets of foe group's business. 


The scale and diversity of its traditional and developing 
businesses provide stimulating career progression 
opportunities. These are development positions enabling you 
to enhance and demonstrate analytical and communication 
skills in a highly computerised enviionment and. working with 
management at all levels, make a recognisable contribution to 
financial control. 

Please write with full career details 

or telephone David Tod BSc FCA 
quoting reference D/363/MB. 

125 High Holborn London WC1V 6QA Selection Consultants 

01-405 3499 


(FT AUGUST, 1984) 

This was simply one of the accolades Sun Life Unit Sepices, then an 
associate company of Sun Life, received in August when it was announced 
that they were to be bought by the Sun Life Group. 


(TIMES APRIL, 1986) 

‘ less than 8 of Sun life’s 1 1 funds are in the top 10 in their sector. 
The best performing fund. Sun life Japan Growth shows a 93%. rise 

overlO months.’ 

Do you want to share in this success? Are you interested in working 
with this exciting company in the financial services field? Opportuni- 
ties exist throughout the UK, possible earnings exceed £30,000 p.a. 


RING IAN KIRKWOOD ON 01 242 2222. 


Kill Samuel Investment 
Services Ltd require Executive 
aged 3D - 50. with a 
background in Industry. 
Commerce or Bib Professions, 
to be trained to utter a wide 
nnp cf model services to 
businessmen, professional 
ta te med a ne s & Infinduafe. 
Send CV to 

1 Htaddm SL Lndou W1R9UU 

or rtag 81-431 4581 



required to bead Pensions Department which 
administers our own contracted-out scheme 
covering 800 members. Responsibility for 
computerised records, accounting and investment 

An APMI or equivalent qualification is essential 
plus experience of pension fund law, regulations 
and procedures. 

Salary range £13.500 to £17.000. 

For further information and application form 
please write or telephone: Ms S M Hurley, 
Personnel Officer, Imperial Cancer Research 
Fund. Lincoln’s Inn Fields. London. WC2A 3PX 
on 01-242 0200 ext 2357 quoting refi 91/86. 


Controllers Department 

Career Development Programme for outstanding University graduates 

We are searching for a select few who have the intelligence, discipline and initiative to 
dedicate all of their skills and energy to pursuing a unique career in foe international 
securities industry 

The rote of foe Controllers’ Department is to provide timely and accurate information for 
monitoring thefirm's financial performance and making important business decisions. The 
department is organised into business unit controllerships which maintain dose, daily 
contact with each of the firm's major trading areas. 

Our Programme Offers: 

• An outstarxfing compensation programme. We offer a starting salary significantly 
above that which most graduates can obtain in other entry level positions. 
Thereafter we reward staff strictly according to performance and their ability to take 
on increasingly complex responsibilities. 

• A means of establishing a high growth career in a challenging industry. We offer a 
significant amount of trahting in both accounting and in the securities industry, plus 
the opportunity to work with exceptionally talented securities indusby and 
accounting professionals. 

• The objective of the three year training programme is to produce professionals with 
practical accounting sWlls and the knowledge to use them as a tool to approach 
business problems. 


Individuals selected for this programme wHI have performed with distinction during their 
academic careers and be anticipating an excellent university degree. Analytic and 
numerate skills are essential. 

Please send a comprehensive C.V. and a covering letter in which you outline your reasons 
for applying for this programme. 




Salary Negotiable + Car 

The rapid expansion of Dowty. Electronics Ltd has led to the creation of a 
new post at the International Defence Systems Division. Based in Watford, the 
prime task of this appointment will be to market the Divisions’ capability in 
software to the UK MOD and Research Establishments. 

The ideal candidate will have a thorough engineering background, edu- 
cated to degree level in Electronics/Physics with practical experience in dealing 
with the Research Establishments. This experience need not have been gained m 
a pure sales/marketing role, but good communication skills with the right person- 
ality an d a thorough knowledge of computing and software are essential. 
Preferred age group is 26-35 years old 

Please appply in writing with full CV to: Sue Moore, Dowty Electronics 
Ltd, Colonial Way, Watford, Hertfordshire WD2 4LA 


Dowty Bectrontes Ud 

Mrs. Lynn Hopping 
Morgan Stanley Inter na tional 
Commercial Union Building 
1 Undershaft 
Leedenhall Street 
London E.G3 



Fox & Sons Ltd are residential and commercial estate agents, surveyors and valuers 
operating throughout Central and Southern England. 

Royal Life has a 25% interest in the group which intends to continue its rapid expansion 
by acquisition and merger, with a view to a possible listing on the Stock Exchange. 

The Financial Controller wiD be responsible to the Board of the holding company, and is 
required to take overall control of the finance function. In addition to the normal duties 
associated with the role, the candidate will be expected to participate in the further 
development of the group's expansion plans. He is unlikely to be aged under 35 and will be 
a Chartered Accountant with experience of multi-branch accounting, computerised man- 
agement information techniques and treasury management. Success in carrying out these 
duties is likely to lead to the position of Group Finance Director. 

Apart from an initial basic salary of c. £25,000 the remuneration package will reflect the 
seniority of the position to include share option scheme, pension and Hfe assurance and a 
company car. 

Interested applicants should write, including CV with salary history and daytime telephone 
number, quoting reference TT125 to: 


PO Box 4SR, One Hanover Square, London WlA 4SR 



Mayfair - local head office which co-ordinates 
the activities of numerous businesses (retailing, 
financial services, catering, publishing, etc) seeks 
experienced accountant to put in systems and 
take control of all financial aspects. The com- 
pany is expanding rapidly and offers exceptional 
prospects and terms to the right person. 
Immediate start. 

01-409 0888 Ref: HF. 


A fast prewtng comoany requires someone capable or tak- 
ing complete financial control. St&etvisory experience is 
osenUal as to a re s ponsible attitude and the desire and 
aunty to grew with the company's undoubted future 
e xpan sion. 

Salary: £15400 - El&OOO aae 

Please telephone Alan J. R. Jacobson 01-5330661 or send 
cv to hta at ASB Accountancy. SO Heel Street. London. 
EC4Y 1BE. 

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16 I 



_ l 
i I 









ZftS OwiSWiraP 1 ? Lfngtefl'fe a Small company 
which provides specialised software and 
. consulting services to the oil exploration and 
production industry. We require a personal 
assistant/ secretary. wBh a degree or suit- 
able alternative qualifications or experience. 
Duties to include office administration, sec- 
retarial and reception duties and computer 
administration. The candidate should tie 
presentable, versatile and a non-sraoker. 
Salary to be £7.000+, commensurate with. 


Please write with fUD CV and contact tele- 
phone number to Z&S Consultants Ltd.. 1 54 
Brent Street. London. NW4 2DR. Closing 
date 13th June 1986. 



■ Ml 

V;: .. 


17 - 23 ? 

New challenges in a country of exciting growth. Thatfs what 
Price Waterhouse is offering audit; accounting-services and tax specialists in 
various locations throughout Australia. 

We've always been a firm that places great importance on international 
experience -the type of experience you can obtain in Australia with its expanding 
business interests will give your career that^xtra cutting edge. 

You'll work with us on major clients, across a broad range of activities, so 
you’ll be expected to perform at a very high level. First, you must be a qualified 
chartered accountant or finalist and for the audit senior positions in particular 
you should have already worked for one of the larger UK firms. Our tax positions 
are no less demanding and call for experience in financial planning, advising on 
tax legislation as well as an interest in corporate planning. 

The variety of assignments we offer together with our special emphasis 
on training and CPE, will ensure that your progress is rapid if you are prepared to 
make the commitment to succeed. 

Initial contracts are for two years, and the package is generous. This 
means highly competitive salaries and benefits including airfares, settling-in 
allowance and annual leave entitlement 

A representative from our Australian firm will be 
John Thompson, in London early in June to interview short-listed 
Price Waterhouse, applicants. So if you'd like to know more, please 
Southwark Towers, contact John Thompson at Price Waterhouse. 

John Thompson, 

Price Waterhouse, 
Southwark Towers, 

32 London Bridge Street, 
London SE19SY. 
Telephone: 01-407 8989. 

Price Tfhterhouse 

Glossy Wafcailne 
Publishing House 
needs intelligent 

young secretary for 
if s personnel depart- 
ment Excellent 
typing, a penchant 
for administration, 
patience, discretion 
m d a sense of hu- 
mour essential. 
Opportunity to use! 
WP. Modern offices 
wife 450 staff. 

Please Telephone 
Beveriie Flower on 

TE1XX Ol* CHEETAH £9.000 
glow London Bdga. Broker wtm 
Hnvy UWTK CM! MWy Stew- 
Sinclair Mmnow. is Lamb 
conduit pmh— ■ wci 01-430 

Hu nd red Par tniedoc Damn 
showroom in KmtDgton. 
£7.000 pa- 0 1 937 0376. 


ber. Engih £10.000. Language 
Starr Any 01-456 S922 


01 1 

S29 1204. ' 



MCHBOrr COUFU-fNo <*10. 
deenX As cotKTMMdMM 1 
and (MauCNwr /Batter rcontrod 
In Central London. SBrl July. 
EMritad salary. Pine phone 
.. Wentworth <0990a) 2648 OT- 
Cto Hoorn. 


Hafl-Marft is the only ap pointments regsterwfajcb 1 

legalises solely in Accountants and Financial Managers. 
Wfehave a constant demand from our clients throughout 
the U.K. — some of them the best known names in the 
country — for young, talented, ambitious accountants. 
The positions are rarely advertised and consequently if yoc 
are not on the register you can't be considered for them. 

What do you have to do? Very little. Just complete . 

and return the coupon and well send you 

a detailed and confidential form and as /JjftSPlM 


Required for small but 
active London/Shipping 
Insurance Brokers. 

Post fixture experience 
an advantage. 
Responsible position 
with attractive salary. 

Telephone for appointment: 

01-481 2173 . 

soon as you send it back yTra go straight onto the. register. 

Hall-Mark Appointments Register, London House, 
271-273 King Street, London W6 9LZ. Tel: 01-741 8011/ 
01-748 3444 (24 his). Prestd 013903873. 


A M. TheAppoWmonm imato Wr XlL 



win give you first class training, excellent . 
prospects and a salary of over area £10,000 pa. If 
years, can 

Fiona Maddy or RacheUe Tanunan 
and convince us now on 

01-439 9635 

Carreras Lathane Associates 


CUUMO to £80.000 y*. Thr kry 
to making money b Mm hi B* 
righi oiacr a! Uw rtghi nme 
Tina is ihr Man-, now is me 
lone, if you really want Itaan- 

. nai 5UCCML iHenhom Mike 
HHW» 0727 30262 or 61099. 

sai and Accountancy 
appotnuraois. Town anncoioi- 
tnr la X30K- - Wemex 

Consultants. 0938 251B3 

30. QuoUlml West Country pry 
iale group. £I8K. Wnwx 
ronsunants 0938 2&J83 

Manchester CRy Centre. £i lie. . 
W ***** COftonflontu 0936 



CiCtOOO. Sun recently auanHed 
ACA wuh ROprMv, tnlemM 
hank. Tremendous benefits 
paefcaw*. Can Russen Rlben Of- 
fice Angdi . t. a - Suctak- 
Moalroac. 13 lamb) Conduit 
Passage, wci 01-430 2531. 

CWUMI5TES 8S/8S rE7J2SO for 
Chartered Accowmroqr tratn- 
tng ' wmi a high promt 20 
-partner Mrm-m- tendon. Ftdl 
Mu*r oumort end nMteal 

Tainbv#. (VadwlM mtnJ ahpw 
romminmnU and nnonf a 
good academe record. Ring Ka- 
ren Fuieul at Hamson tad 
tMBB CW 01.629 4465 lagyL 
TIMH AD levels of Accountancy 
work statute now. CM1 Ac- 
countancy Contacts lAayi on 
01 SSI 2402. 


A major international 
contracting company 
has a requirement for 
an experienced Project 
-Finance Executive to 
work in a d ep artment 
which arranges and 
markets finance for 
Emutti- million projects 

This position wiR in- 
volve leading discuss- 
ions with financial 
institutions and in gen- 
erating new business 
opportunities through 
regular contact with po- 
tential dents, 'sources 
of funding and govern- 
ment agencies. 

Aged- 35/45 you 
should have at least 5 
years' relevant experi- 
ence at senior level, 
and appropriate 

This is a senior ap- 
pointment and will 
carry an attractive 
remuneration package, 
inducting company car, 
and wfli indude over- 
seas-travel ' 

Reply to BOX E23. 


Hill Samuel investment 
Services Ltd. require Exec- 
utives aged 30 ro 50. with 
a background in Industry. 
.Commence or the Profes- 
sions. to be trained lo offer 
a wide range of Financial 
Servicer, lo Businessmen. 
Professional Intermediar- 
ies and Individuals. 

Send CV toe David HalL 
HUI Samuel Investment 
Services Ud. l Maddox 
Street. London, wir 
9WA. Or ring: 01-434 
4583. - 


Bright PA to -work for 
Lord & Lady Cofwyn for 
their party organising 
company baaed In BaOer- 
■ sea & West End denial 
practice. Good telephone 
manner & accurate typing 
essential.. 2-5 afternoons 
per week. 01-720 4628 or 
01-720 7865 

SPEC I A L A N NOl \t |\ | ENT 

A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 


for the 

placement of advertising 

- - n< ^LP hone “* ypuf advertisement to us any Saturdav 

morning, from 930a.m. to 1.00p.m. »«yc»acuraay 

for all classified advertisers in - 
The Times and Sunday Times — and It costs no extra. 

T6 book your advertisement phone 01— 4814000. - - - 



.Over 1*4 minion rf the 
most affluent people in the 
coiumas ofTheTnnes-Tbe 
foBowfag cat egories appear 
regnlariy every weriE, and 

ae geirerstiy accn^unied 

Use the a»qMm (rigid), 
and find out bow easy, fok 

and economical ftisio adwr- 

in The Times Classifeed. 

School Apfjotmmenis.EducationaI over£7^30. General secretarial ' 
UKEKs^chdanhips&FUtowstHps. Preparty;Tleskkmial,<j)Tnm«^ 
Liunatdtli Crdac; Town &CoanUy.Overseas. Rentals. 

TUESDAY Coupula Horizons; 

Oeaicra and private sales. 

a convrehensfn guide lo the 
computer nuuket 
Legal App oii i hmTrtg Solicitors. 
Commercial Lavmera, Legal 
OfTicers, Private A Public practice. 
JLced L* Creme a new dassifica 
t ion for top legal secretaries. 

THURSDAY Gen e ral A pp a hq - 

BWdxOiiefExcnitives, Managing 
Director, Directors, Saks and 
Apponitmcnts. lndudinga new 
ctosification entitled Finanrlil and 
'AecpHincyA g o iid w mb. 



Selltng property, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 
companies or businesses. ... 

SATURDAY Overseas Hard: 
Holidays abroad. Low con flights, 
CruisK,Carhire. UXTiaveL- 
Hoiels. Cottas, Holkfay lets- 

F ricutea new dasstficaiion for 

young readers lo contact people with 
srrelar in lerests a; tasne and overseas. . 


Salary Scale £10^)00 - £11 ^00 pa 

British Airports is embarking upon a very 
exerting period of change and development 
\Afe own and manage seven of the UK’s major 
a irpor ts - a commercially active and consistently 
profitable erit^prise, that is now preparing itself 
for privatisation. . 

Our Public Affaire department plays an 
Increasingly vital role in communicatingto , 
Parliament, the Media and the City, and we now 
need a PA to the Dlractorof Public Affaire wftrife 
located in Central London. 

You will act as theOlrector's ‘right hand* - 
organizing and co-ordinating office activities and' 

administrative tasks, dealing with 

correspondence, gathering 
background material and ensuring 
that he is adequately prepared for 
meetings -as wellas providing a 

>00 pa London SW1 

first class secretarial service 

Our need is for a weH-educated and 
self-motivated RA with a good knowledge of 
current affairs* who has experience of working at 
Senior Management level Ybu must be a good 
organiser with charm, tact and diplomacy, as well 
as the ability to keep caimand cheerful when 
working underpressure. 

Wfe are offering the salary and career 
prospects you would expect in a progressive 
organisation. To ensure that you are considered 
for this care er opportunity, please send your cv to 
Juiie Spencer; Personnel Dept- 
British Airports Authority - 
Corporate Office, Gatwick Airport, 
West Sussex RH6GH2 
Tel (0293) 59509L 

ilhE World’s Most Successful International Airport System* 




• Credit Suisse First Boston is one of the world's leading' 
international investment banks. Continued expansion of 
the capital markets has led to . this exceptional 
. - - opportunity for an ambitious, career-minded PA. 

Preferably fluent in Itaflan.' with impoccabia 
Shorthand/typing skMs, you should have first class 
organisational sfofls and be keen to become totaRy 
fnvovtod in your work. Experience In banking would be 
advantageous, .but a background in a commercial 
company with international Inks would ateobe relevant. 


ExceBent salary together with generous banking 
benefits fmpiudmg free season ticket) wfl be offered to 
someone with the skills and flair we seek. •' 

Please write with fun c.v. to: 

Sue Freeman, Personnel D epartm ent. 

Credit Suisse First Boston Ltd, 

22 -Bfehopsgate. -LONDON EC2. 

step bio lte tea of both 

■i 499 etn 

01 493 9907 


^eechl^irdiai^| Top of the Temporary Tree 


We are an expanding City-based firm of 
Solicitors whose Pa rt nersh i p Secretary is 
seeking a PA.'Secretaiy, who will also assart 
%minttejam^anddev^o|]m§utaftte . 

, film-; 

"With good secretarial skills plas - 

organisational and administrative airihty, - 
you should have the confidence and 
personality to relate to Partners and all ; 
levels of staff. 

It is envisaged feat for about one*alf of . 
your time you will be invorved in 
development, market research and HI, 
personnel and staff xuaiteis. 

Age range is suggested at 25n3S. Salary is 
negotiable and benefits include bonus. 

4 weeks holiday,. season thdeet loan, pension 
and private medical schemes. 

Please write with fell curricutuin vitae to: 
Gerald Vaughan, Partnership Secretary, 
at Speechty Blrchaw, Bouverie House, 

154 Fleet Street. London EC4A2HX. •. 


Tough, but rewarding, assigronente. Jobs where you Lise your 
skills -end widen thorn. Free training (W/Ps and PCs) to 
make you a machine all-rounder; Pay and, benefits . 
to matoh. ■ •••'.- '■ 

. . ; • Management Secretaries, automated office skills 
'G seniarSecre tof ies 

Grab one of our branches... 

Tel: 225 0505 

24 hour answering service 


( GOING UP 7 s 

We have put our temporary rates up and 
are keen to engage more high cal tore 
’secretaries to fffl a variety of West End 
and City temporary assignments. If you 
have good skills, even better if you can 
use a word processor, please telephone 


Principal of small,- but vey busy, tinn of 
Chelsea solkatcn ixrganfly require a highly 
competent and experienced Secretary with 
sound ability of shorthand and word pro- 
cessing. Legal experience helpful but not 
essential: Intelligence and perfection totally 
fundamental Highest salary. 

I am currently paying £2 1500 pa for some- 
one who isn't up to scratch- If you can cope 
with my requirements I amprepared to pay 
you what you are worth. Please phone 01- 
581 1838 


We are a young expanding practice of archhetas 
and surveyors and urgently require good audio 
secs to cope with the increasing workload result- 
ing froin our expansion. If yon have good audio 
speeds, a sense of responsibility and are looking 
lor a position in a- busy environment we can 
offer you, in return, an excellent salary and 
benefits and job satisfaction. 

Telephone Sally Clara aa OI-409 0128 

Central London ' 

We need* Wtfdy compete* weB «w*tn PA to - work for me 
MD who ram a fast rowriog financial senrtooa iconwarartn 
Landon. also espBMBmtmraasMK* me South WeaLVoawfD 

enjoy some tinweRtoB «nd the appartwdty to mee* anddedm 
wBftdBnta ac an level*. You wffl have pood bmk: secretarial 
and admlnKtrattonakOB. Your Wtttefw. anddi toa awl wff- 
rapttvatlon wffl prove important to Die development of tills 
meriting «»*■ Currant lull driving licence ces entta l. 
package c. £10000 pa. 

Tebtpbone Chet Device mtteman for In u ne d la te interview. 

01-608 1036 


P.A. to Managing 


to £12,000 + benefits 

Our client is a well known and highly regarded Swedish 
Insurance Broker. As part of their planned expansion 
they will be opening their first office in the U. K. in the 
summer of 1986. 

This appointment represents an outstanding 
opportunity to spearhead the development and 
implementation of office systems and procedures in a 
highly professional environment. 

Aged between 25 and 35 you will be an 
accomplished secretary and organiser with experience 
of both client and insurance company liaison from an 
intermediary’s point of view. 

Ideally you should be familiar with wend processing 
and/or computerised office systems. Audio shorthand 
skills, and an understanding of Swedish although not 
essential, could be an advantage. 

To apply in the strictest confidence, please 
telephone or write quoting reference RR 9937. 

Search and Selection 

160 New Bond Street London WIYOHR 
Telephone; 01 -408 1670 


Up to £ 15,000 + car. Slough 

Our client a world-wide leader in its' 
specialised field of electronic systems, is 
seeking to appoint a Publicity Manager to 

control all aspects of the Sales Promotion 
sid P.R. budget for this small, tightiy-knit 
international group. 

Above all. he/she will be an imaginative and 
highly skilled writer, with a flair for Public 
Relations and with a record of success in 
managing integrated sales promotional activi- 
ties, including direct mafl, media advertising, 
seminar receptions, exhibitions, and the pro- 
duction of brochures and house magazines. 

For a confidential discussion 

Ring Carol Newman 

(0628) 72834 

B & B ftOMMi. St tea Ham. 9 hat Road. Maidenhead. Barks. 


Experienced Audio Secretary required to nut 
small office near Earfc Court station. 

Salary £9,000. 

Tet 01-370 1477 


Vibrant, enthusiastic Controller with 
experience requiredfor small West End 
Bureau. Excellent conditions and 
opportunities. Salary c£10,000. 

Telephone Linda Adams 
01-491 1616 
Angela Pike Associates 



b sought rfttr St. Crass area. 
ctosaCattaM. Colton aid 
water meadows. 5 Betnuns, 

toons. 2 stoiwre. 3 
recaption rooms, tesfep 
conservatory, kitchen, uoty. 
salt contained IWat tad- 
scaped ganfcn. dtabto 




Fate courtiy house enjoying 
complete seclusion. 7 bed- 
moms. 2 bathrooms. 3 
reception rooms, study, 
tdtriicn/tjreaklast roan, util- 
ity. staff wing. Farm 
buifings. two cottages. B7 
acres. Paddocks, woodland, 
river frontage. 





Batch F ed d rnn 

* Agents. Salary by £ I 

J arrangement. * I c m c UtDOtt. Phone 
% - GeoJodin * I®™ 

£ 01-352 2000 * I Mnitnnrr womens Wear 

£ £ I Aflr.0M»«Ol - - 


required for busy de- 
sign school in 
Belgravia- Aged 27*. 
well or ganis ed and 
good at dealing wtth 
people. Shorthand and 
WP essential. 

Salary negot iab le 

Applications with CV 
to Hie Principal, 
inehbakl School of De- 
! sign- 7 Eaton Cal*. 
Londtm SW1W 9BA 


Age d 26-40 a non smoker &. 
ane to autonomously and 
reaoosiMy handle a wide 
vanetjr of tuiness S foantfeS 
matters wltb some typing. 
This potifon cotdd be fed lor . 

Accurate sh ort ha nd essential 

NtaV Dreber >1 439 Kn. 





person in fashion - 
Personal Assistant for 
fast expanding Retail 
and Wholesale 
Company. Able to 
organise and take 
charge -Good salary 
and prospects. 

Tel: 01-370 2191 



required for 
. Antique 
01-455 5981 

iiki v] i 

11a Southgate Street, 
Winchester! Hampshire. 
Tel. (0962) 66422 


GBDKCMN NS. Company let. D. 
Bghttul houtt. oMutjr 
raewcongrd. 2 2 rmxo- 

Uamk Sunw Wl«r. GCH etc 
cits pw. t« 'Tnt imuiy 
Dtrvaor W; cess aasttae. 

Compnstng a magmAcent touw. 
wrth a tadwlraf ceSng (30 ft 
high), and toque nwhan^ng 
gatay. SWng doors to patio 
cony dfering views mcr London 
sMnci. 2 fiatts + showrs (1 
wife t»ah pressure shower 
pump), qte 1 dmmsBDS ctaate. 
Hati, dnng room, modem 
Wcten/frieafifasL AI amenities. 

extras. SeondaL ubb) tor imsr- 
Ikst be saao lo be 

81-883 9931 Hftfen 

FQW Sa if. Very naclnfi town 
boute. Los Alton no MarbrtU- 3 
bed. S bath. Soectacnur views 
£09. BOO. tosrr&y sooesB. 



n» Camnmtcb Art 19BS 

pursuant to Section 588 of the 
OomHiiiei Act IWfi. ItiM a Meet- 
Ins or ibe Creditors at Uw above- 
named company wfli be held at j 
Surrey Street. London. WC2 on 
Thursday ■ hm sui day at Jane 
1986 nil OO o'clock in Hie fore- 
noon. lor me purposed roenuotwil 
in Sections 599 and 590 of the 
Uid ACL 

Dated I toy ism day or May 1986. 

eaex/swnut w pw bpmt 
mdm carefidhr 
17th C corame, 3 bedroom, 
garage, attractive to wore- gar- 
den. In Hm> region of £70.00 
Ter. Carles Colne 2770, 

FABULOUS 3-d bedm 
Luxury PenUrtuae nui- 
EORCtte wtth outstanding 

views of Lotxtan & a triple 
aspect reception ind pri- 
vate roof terrace in a 

Beautiful Victorian rest- 
dance dose to West End. O 
WO*. Ion bothnn. Ige 
Utdv®. Low rxapoinsc A 
comm garden*. Freetwld. 

£225,000 OHO 

Tel: 01-722 2477 


Principally based in Mayfair bat initially required to 
travel and work with the Chairman in Old Iskworth, 
Middlesex, this very interesting position involves plenty 
of liaison with professionals and advisors, therefore, a 
pleasant outgoing personality is essential. Together with 
penirate well presented typing and shorthand you will 
need to be good or^niser and able to deal with people 
courteously and efficiently on the telephone. This 
vacancy is for someone with plenty of mitiatTve who can 
!-*■=— priorities and take control of hectic diary. 

Please apply in writing, giving foil career details to dale 
with current salary to: 

Jredv Dnnstan 

Speytumfc Land and Estates Limited 
Osprey House 
Lower Square 
Old Meworth 
Middlesex TW7 6BN 


PA to the GENERAL 

The Royal College of General Practitioners seeks an 
experienced PA to provide high level support lo the 
Colleges General Administrator. Good secretarial 
and administrative skills are essential plus the ability 
to use initiative arid work under pressure- Knowledge i 
of modern technology would be an advantage- I 

The College is expanding rapidly and this post is! 
keyed to its continued development. It provides a 
challenge for those seeking responsibility and per- 
sonal satisfaction. 

Please telephone for farther details:- 

01-581 3251 ext SOI. 




We can’t guarantee you sunshine but we 
can guarantee TOP RATES wife many of 

our regular clients. 




Sense of humour, initiative 
and ability to organise an 
expanding office essenuai. 
.Excellent skills tot w/p 
need for PA to Chairman 
of IntcrnaUonal Consor- 
tium- Late 20*s. good 
appearance, very flexible 
person urgenuy needed. 
Car parking available. 

1 Please reply wBh CV 

Mbs Elizabeth Star 
CUria Howe 
65 OU Chord! Sweet 
Leaden SW3 

bed fl*L I bed 22*X IX. imp 
IXX I7\ kU WX IX wtth Mp 
■lured 9 dfi- Mrtdng. Mae te 
yeus. £99.960. OHSP4 9035. 

Shorthand; WP; audio; copy secretaries; 
telephonist/receptionists needed. 

Exp on Wang; IBM D'writer; Xerox 630; 
ODvetti ET 225 often required. 

CaR me for an Immediate appointment 

Julie Northeast 
629 4343 


wmm mm telephone: 01-6290343 tmmmmm 


SALARY £11,000 

A tnghly efficient and compotent Secretary is required to work in 
a recently opened, small and busy international office. Appli- 
cants should be well educated, personable and at ease when 
dealing with VIP's. Other qualities required are initiative, integ- 

S , commitment and an all round oro amsa fruual abflity. 100/7T1 
Is are a prerequisita An automata office Systran inconwrat- 


ing telex, facsimile, word processing and probably a desk top 
comprter are being pbreied. It is ravikety that applicants under 
25 years will have acquired the necessary experience for this 
demamfing and rewarding position. Please contact Paula Ablett 
on 01-637 9513 before submitting a CV and references. 


Required for small Property Management com- 
pany based in Knightsbridge. Good shills 
essential, WP useful. Salary £9,000 to £10,000 
according to experience. 

Please telephone 01 589 2331. 



(In Voluntary liquid anon) 
and mo Companies Art 1985 

the CREDITORS at the abovr 
named Company are required on 
or before Friday 11 July I98oio 
send In Ifmr name* and addrraarv 
and particular of Ihetr denis or 
claims to me undersigned DAVID 
Artnur Andersen A Co. PO Box 
66. 1 Surrey Streel. London 
WC7R WT the Liquidator o| Ihe 
said Company and II so required 
W noon in writing from the said 
Liquidator me lo tome in and 
onne them said debts or Malms al 
each tone or place as snail be 
weened m such nonce or in de- 
fault thereof IftQr wtu be 
excluded front Ihe benefit of any 
dWrlbotton made before such 
debts, are proved. 

□Uteri (MS 2001 day of May (986. 
i iq iwdarnr 

fin voluntary LMutdaoont 
and The Compmdes Act 19BS 

the CREDITORS of the above 
named Company are required on 
or before Friday. 13 June 1 986 in 
send Hull names and morose* 
and particulars of ttietr debts or 
claims lo ihe undmlgned Ber- 
nard Phillips at Arthur Andersen 
& Co. P O Box No. 66. I Surrey 
Street. London. WC2R 3NT. Ihe 
Liquidator of the said Company 
and If so required by notice in 
writing from the said Liquidator 
are to come in and prose ihetr 
saM debts or claims al such time 
nr place as shall be specified In 
such notice or in default thereof 
mey win be excluded from the 
benefit of any dtatrmuHon made 
before such debts ane prosed 
Dated this 6th day of May 1986. 
B e rn a rd Phillips. 




The Companies ac t 1985 

Pursuant lo Section 588 of the 
Companies Act 1985. tnai a Mol- 
ing of (he Creditors of the abm c- 
named company will be held al l 
Surrey Streel. London. WC2 on 
Thursday Ihe 5ih day of June 
1986 at IO 50 o'ctocy in the fore- 
noon. for Ihe purpose mentioned 
in Sections 689 and 6*»0 ot me 
said Act 

Dated (Ms I Sth day of May 1986 






the Order of the Hxm Court o( 
Justice- cnanoen- Dhwon dated 
Ihe 12th day Of May 1986 con- 
lirattno Ihe reduenon of Ibe Share 
PremUmt Account by me «n of 
£ITJ*4jOOO to £B.90SXXXt and 
thr Mtnutr improved by the Court 
■ttowlito wHJ> respect to the Share 

Praraliira Accourn « me Compa- 
ny. OS altered, me several 
porUcuUrs rrauttn. by the Act 
were regtsterefl by the Registrar 
01 Companies on the 25rd oay of 
Mv I960- 

DATED the 23cd day of May 

FTcshnefcu of Onmun House, sa 
Newgale Stomt. London EClA 

Soiicitora tor the saw Company. 

IMS TO 19*5 


pursuant to section 688 of me 
Companttt Ac* 1980 mat a Meet 
inp of 1M Creditor, of Ihe above- 
named Company wttl be new al 
M-id Chancery tone. London 
WC2A IEW on TundB. the Jrt 

day of June 1986- al ti-oo 
o'clock In the lore noon, for the 
purposes. menUoneri in ercuons 
S9d and 299 at (fw sattf Act. 
DATED Hut 13Ui day of May 

BV Order of the Board 
PJ Robbins 

ag by 
ter fig- 
sday- , m 

which ^ 
h a 38 I 
■ and a 
.ue on 

nmb at 
d Refi- 

Op to 
l at the 
ned 8p 
. New- 
a quiet 
ice of ft 

s were 
. 49p. 

’s trad- . 

^ 7P 
ting at 


ltd Oil 
r-7 per jn 


46 +2 nd 
160 -10 

3-3 7J 
2 .ho 

jc rating — ; 

interest \ 

ofhwas — : 
was 781 __ 

rVEST- -J 
the six 
le divi- L0 - 

; 108p_ 

a £000, 
16,740 — 
rods — _ 

),5 17), 

0) and — 
on was | 
on ex- * 

5) and 
15,908 _ 



The Companies Act 1986 

pursuant lo Sect ton 588 rt the 
Companies Art 19BS. that a 
Meenpq of Ihe Creditors of the 
above named Company will be 
heM at 1 Sums Streel. London, 
wes on Thursday, the Sth day 
of June 1986 m It. 50 o’clock in 
Ihe lor moon, for Uie nurpOM«i 
menuoned to Sect tons 589 and 
690 of me said Art. 

Dated in* 1 5Ui day of May I9S6 




NOTICE ts hereby qhen that the 
Annual General Meeting of Ihe 
members of the NALGO Insur- 
ance Awnathn Limited mo. 
i 2898R. London) Will be hfM in 
the Palace Court Hotel. Bourne- 
mouth on Thursday. 19 June 
1986 at a abp m. id consider ihe 
following agenda. 

To confirm Ihe minutes ol thr 
meeting held on 13 June 

To receive the annual report 
and financial vtolemenis for 
the vear ended 31 December 

To elect a member of Ihe 

To appatnl auditors tor the 
ensuing year 

TO cnnMder an amendment at 
the Rules of Ihe Association: 
To r pee he a report on a re- 
view by the Board at the 
opera bon. management and 
future development of Uw 
Any other Business 
Comes of the agendo. mcoRnrat- 
ii«? a form of proxy, together with 
the annual report and financial 
-Jatrtnmis win be tent lo 
branches of NALGO and to indi- 
v tonal members on request to the 
Secretary. I- Mabledon Place. 
London wciH 9AJ 

Pioneer Mutual 
Company Ltd 

NOTICE a berth, m tbu the Anutd 
Ccaenl Menog 01 ttac mcobm of tta 
Coopray rf be bdd a Ac BfealdtMk 
HouLTtieSe^eciiE. LneipoolOtTN 
m f nijT. tae 19Mp 12 JD area 

kr da torixm of tranaaiBS ifc Htaac 

l. To imw ite Sumios of Aesxoa 

ud feoxiofiteDotamrontejar 

ratal Jlu [teobo 1ML 
J. To n-dca Dnatn 
Ml Mi. A B. Bnss, AdJ. ntonuts 
te nauao. 

ftl So lofirC. Vocg. CBE. RSl 

IEcobi. DL “be u to eo t rif il i 

- ^-Omew m SiliMnnnr |«K. 

■' To rt-onulB Anliur Vonaf os 
UdUn to .be Guopn, sai ig 
anbo me ihe Dnson ut OM m v ' 1 - 


Bl nnfcrof n« Borrd 

toastd wd Head Cnfcc- 
Pioear Heat W Cn-fr HbcJ Vtab. 

Junior. Lwrai iky. 


1. A. wottet (aided to aitsd no me 
^ meni a pimr to xistf ad vob 

asgffl Of aigt A uttov umi Va nrate 

ie Uo 

L I. 

i I 


fn ■ 



i AO classified ad v rn a aneiu 
can be accepted by t el ephone 
(cxccpi Announcements). The 
dcaffine is LOQpn 2 days prior 
<fay far W edn es d ay), Shodd 
yoa wish u send n advmbc- 
rmbi in writing please iadodc 
your daytime phone number. 

customs! sbmces de- 

nWTMENT. jf yon tore any 
qacrics or proWans refattns ID 
yoor advertisement once it has 
appeared, please contact o®* 
Customer Services Department 
by tdepbone on OMtl 4100.1 


MEN. WghJy suemsful In Dwtr 
fteto*. wining lo uitc about tortr 
enntmf MM for sympa- 
thetic article for nvaior 
biltmMoiul nugazlnc. Ail ra- 
pllm mated with respect. 
ennBdenee and wen anonym- 
ity. j.d. Enroth. BOX mo . 

C WS S - 2 Best dress ctrcte Fri- 
day 60> June Bpiil029 676 630 

CUU line miyWenwraev etialr 
1 8 months old in fkni class ron- 
dittotv U MMiw d in safe 
Vwn cnOOBM vrtvef. CM 
£1.839. Imakv available - w in 
accept (air oner. 021-4SS9000 
RHCST oua Sty wool carnets. At 
trade prices and under, also 
ava&Mc l<XT» «drp- Lar^r 

room slip remnants under luK 
normal nnrr dianccry Carpets 
□1 406 0463. 

THE TI MES 1795-1986. other 
titles avail. Hand bound ready 
for presentation afco 

"Sundays' - . L12 SO. Remember 
When. 01-688 6323. 

Starlight Exp. Qkss. Lcs Mb. 
All theatre and sports 

Tel- B2I-66I6-B2IHM9S- 
A Ex - Visa ' Diners. 
BIRTHDAY DtlE 1 0ise someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
dated I he very day they were 
born. £1250 049231303. 
StarUgh(.WImbl«c>on Tennis. 
Wham avaUabie now. Ot 4» 
0300 All credit raids accented. 
■tie sens etc NaUonwMe 

deiti ones Tel: 1OS8O1 a 50039 

i WItfai. 

SCATFWDOtS Any eient me Les 
Mb. CDieut Gdn. Star light Exp. 
Wimbledon. Oyndehoume. CI1- 
820 1678. Mator credit rants 
Exp. amv Ln Mb. Ah Ihealre 
and sport. Tel 631 3719. 637 
1713. All malar credit cards. 
■ought * sold. wimMnmn 
Tickets. Chess A Pop Concert*. 
01 831 1080 81 
GLVMHEROURNB 4 tickets Perm 
A Bess August IO«r». exchange 
(or July or sen. 032 183 3S3. 
with oafc dining lop Pius 
arresone*. C790. 0442 53897 

Bought and sold. Tel 01-881 
3347 or 01-791 2286. 


Birthday Rasetup t» red. 
verveine B green, your teas are 
the loveliest I've ever seen. 
Yours IP fusion. Sir GarfteM. 

COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
tor staff or custo mers An y lo- 
raiion. Tel 0734 872722 
turea to order mirrors. Ot 386 
6083. 8-tOam or 6-iOpm. 
CAPITAL CVt prepare high qua* 
ty cwrlculum vttacs. 01-607 

CAUDNE CV6 protesatonally 
written and produced cumcu- 
tum vitae documents. Details: 
01-580 2959. 

TOUR CV profcddanatty written 
to enhance your prosoeeb of 
success Ot 701 1320 (prtvatcl 
lllUmTiE THIS YEAR coidd 
be really beautiful lor your fam- 
ily especially If a problem 
drinking loved one redeves 
effective and recognised freat- 
meM (Or mb ntoess ai Goods 
House which b set in DeauUfui 
wid secluded surroundings. For 
tthotrated prospectus, contact 
The Life Anew Trust. Freepost. 
Salisbury SP3 6BR or 074783 


Figurine*, animals, etc., want- 
ed OI 883 0024. 



ATTRACTIVE German baby 
grand piano. Sensitive (mini- 
mcnl £1.200 Tel OI 341 0104. 


US lawyer 17 BuMrode SL 
London Wl 01 486 0813. 


ROYAL ASCOT Boy urgently 
wanted for private overseas vis- 
itor. Reply to BOX H43 or 
te le ph o ne 01-235 3628. 

ballots wanted 
names. Ton pci 

Debentures and 
I Mr private corn- 
ices paid. 01 228 

wonted. OI 
Eves 01 387 « 

CIS AO days 
9449 Day. 
land OI 303 


OKRA LOVERS! Lively Italian 
arias performed nighliy by the 
Soaghetu Opera Company at 
Pvrol Rasta on the Mk. An 
exciting new restaurant at 1 16 
KnlghUbndge. SWI. Reserve 
your table now on 01 684 

and school il8-40 age groupi 
Tel- 01-373 1666. 


your decorat i ng and iwmshing 
problems? For a smalt fee. Con- 
tact Irena on OI 722 1676. 


KEMSMGTON Sunny oanten flaL 
in VOUGE magazine. Lounge. 2 
bdrs. £220 pw 01-602 5941 

CAmnDOC Modem 3 bedroom 
town nouse. dcbghUul 
neighbourhood, fast access Lon- 
don. Available bet w een 2 24 
months. £450 per month. 
TehOS33 717784 
KMCHTSaRBGE Nr Horradt 2 
dbte beds, private gdns. tennis 
CTti porta-. July. Aug. SepL 
£200 p.w. Tel-Ol 236 3536 
■ARNES. Spacious dbte bed Rat. 
Fully fum. Close river and stn. 
£180 pw. 876 3964. 

GRETS INN ROAD. 4 Tnrbs let. 
fu8y fumlshetL 1 bed balcony 
Rat. £110 pw. 01-409 0994. 
central London from £32S pw. 
Ring Towp Use Apts 3733433 



to CbuuacRe or ladinuj pNhJi 


Col T. Vs Ir £49 Videos fr £99 
91. Lower Stoane SL SWI. 01- 
730 0955. 



Wanders Cortoptafl Tries, 
desvi latrat ariy £&95 per sq 
ytf * VAT. Wo rt da Barter 
cJBuuis 4m tride Hhmimi Mel 
E4 J5 per sq Jtf + VAT. While 
sacks last 

IK Ifpper Bfcfamari Reed 

Tel: 01-876 2069 

Frw eswwts-Expert fifflng. 

Krmuigfon Col TV 24*u- swbd. 
Ux CMUngltam Apts 573 6306. 

ST JAMES SWL Luxury 2 bed 
fUUy rurmshed serviced apt nr 
pork. 01 373 6306 (T). 

flat. £500 pw. Tel. CMMiani 
109321 62830. 


MS WICK. Nr river. Obi no Mr 
single male. N. S. £50 pw wu. 
neg. Tel: 747 3805 aft 6.30 

merlookMig pane, large room 
£34. medium room £30 share 
bstn. cooking, couple £61 pw 
excL Tel 01-249 2026 
rm. nalhrm. and col tv . Uiare 
kit in lux Chelsea mats for prof 
gen Or man n/s. 30*. £65 pw 
incLex phone. 01-622 2590 ioi 
room in house with garden for 
well educated male non smoker 
£40 p.w. also OTwdier room £30 
P.W. 602 2664 after 2 pm. 
DOCKLANDS SE16. Prof F ns. 
Snare smart friendly flat, own 
Ige room. £60 per week incl. 
Phone 232 2744 after 7pm. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Well estab Introductory service. 
Ptse let for appt 01-589 5491. 
315 Brampton Road. SW3 
QUEENS PARK Prof M/F. Share 
1 other. O Irge rm. All mod 
cons. Crdn. B mins tube. £48 
p.w exclue. Tel: 01 624 3962 

Immrd. Student accountant. 
£35 p.w. avail. Fulham area. 
TdXll 871 3379 eves 
In beaut 3 bdrm IlaLw. math. 
£178 pern Tel. 701 1997 evgs. 
CHELSEA. GUI to shr room In 
Hvety flaL £151 pm plus Mils. 
Tel 352 5384 Manon. 
CLAFHAM STM prof M. O-R m 
lux mxd Mr. nr tube. £175 pem 
Tel: OI 673 2660 aft 4pm 
EM Prof n f to shore modem 
town house MW 30t O/r £45 
pw. 049161 2386 aft 7.00. 

R7 «li pen. n s. to share mixed 
rial, a r. e h £11250 pem 
TX-Ol 609 7335 I after 8pm) 
min walk n tube. £50 p.w. 
Indus TeLBTI 3429 evee 
SWL8 Prof F. N s, own room In 
luxury house. 4th sharo-. £180 
pem. Trt:Ol 623 2076 
SW11 orbi tux hoe. nr lube - BR 
and Common N -L £22S pem 
eXClui. Tet.Ol 228 6345 eves 
SW1L Prof M'F. share house. 
O R. £45 pw excL 223-9150 
alter 6pm. 


Wl - Perfect cbmaie. latwloin 
watervporls. superb food, un- 
linuled wine. Fanbraic baioaui 
prices, for May and June dens 
Bladon Utirt Travel. - 
01 785 2200 

CO CT6U 1 IEBS ON OtohH.-hols 
to Europe. 164 4 mest destlfu- 
bons Diptomal Travrt: OI 730 


Bmz Travel Trt Oi 386 0414. 

CHEAP FUCHTS Worldwide. 
■ Hay market 01930 1566. 


1111 Travel wise. AMa Ato*. 

MALAGA. FARR. Lowest fares. 
OI 73S 8191 Atot 1893. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled lUflbls 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

IJ-'r.u; ' 


AScante 6/6 fr £85 
Germs 30,-5 fr £71 
Malaga 6/6 Ir £99 
Tenertte 1/6 fr £116 
Herafcfion 3/8 fr £t2S 
Most European ttestotp- 
bans ring now 

on 01-723 6964 


Nairobi. JoTkirg. Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore. K.L Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sjdney. 
Europe. & The Aroeriras. 
Flnringp Travel. 

76 ShaftcsbMT A*enae 
Lraries WIV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Open Samnfaj IOJW-IJ.H 


Nairobi. Jo'Btog. Cairo, Du- 
bai. (sunbuL Singapore. K.L 
Delhi. Bangkok. Hoag Kong. 
Sydney. Europe. & The Ameri- 
cas. Flamingo Travel 3 New 
Queber Sl Marble Arch Lon- 
don W|H 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


Pons C69 N YORK £245 

Hanxtur £65 LAySF 065 
Lagos S320 Ward ST9D 
H&ratx rw 8w ap o<l C420 
Jo bug S460 BangkoM £335 
Cno £205 RoPimdu £«o 
OK/Boti £335 Rangoon £250 
Hong Kong £510 Coteuda £425 
Pkast «rte at feli|tn 
n Snlnr d. Imdon VI 
11-439 2HMJ7 8517 

Atxtian £400 (Mm <370 

Freetown £400 istaiU <>00 

Lagos <340 Jeddah £440 

Msnoni £400 KsacBi <Z7S 

Am™ £260 KU'Sn <445 

Banokak 1350 lUNBt £350 

Bom/Od £335 MYgik <200 

Cam £240 Send £750 

Cohmbo £430 Syd-MN £«S5 

Damaaus £270 Tokyo (570 

Ttt OT-439 352VER7 








0/W RTN 
- £399 £645 

. - £246 £430 

... £99 £179 

_ £13 ££75 

. £793 £385 

. . £220 £369 

_ £162 £265 


01-370 6237 



01 486 9'356 

ATOL lS2i ' - 


WORLD MDE FltoMt UMdalMng 
in First. Cub CUm. Economy Id 
Australia. Far cast. 8. Aim. 
LSA. Lisbon. Faro A Geneva. 
Phone Travel On in; oi-tsa 
7028 ABTA 73196 

3 CALL For some of toe nest drab 
on no vinos, ape. nus and car 
hue Tri London Cl 636 5000. 
ftunrnmtn- 061 832 2000. Air 
Travel Advisory Bureau. 
CONCORDE Word/ Pallas 12/15 
June tin £1499 or Concorde 
one way with scheduled I wjqr. 
Fust £1 930, Club £1470 Efdn 
£W9. Cuiumbus 01-929 4261. 
CO N CO R D E Waro/ Donas 12710 
June rfn. £1499 or Cenra* 
one way with scheduled 1 way. 

First LI 930. Club £1470 ECOfl 
£.999. Columbus 01-929 4£6I 

ly neaffl hotel £199 May A 
June Inc nt_. WB.1 nr 
W ^Wtets. OI 737 Z8l6l24riTSl 
OI 526 1005. 

LATBf AMEMGA. tw «« 

Oighb e.g. Rto R488. Lima 
£088 tin Aho Smalt Group 
Houaav joumeyvieg Pmi 
I ram CSSOi JLA 01 747-3108 
ISA. S America, mhwhtb 

Erfvt. s Africa. Trayvaie. 4B 

Margaret StraeL wi. oi 680 
2928 <v»a Accepted! 

N; YORK Miami LA 
fares on malor I S. SCTwduXed 
camera Also tramallantir 
Ciwterr A mghis to Canada. 01 
684 7371 ABTA. 

scan destmobons valevander 
Ol 402 4262 0062 ABTA 
61004 ATOL 1960 


CRUSE Turkey 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 3 wto June 3 t7 
tJ6 6 pp Ira fils. Whole boot 
availaMe other weeks from 
£1000 Free W. snorts, h b. 01 
326 1006. AIOI 2091 



7/« : I 1 1 : 

SoMatoe n 1st Buotss S Econ- 
omy Class long had fits G USA. S 
Amenta. Canada, fn S MriAe 
East. Aiooalia. Sth S West Una. 
Carts. Car Hn & HOW Bntogs 

01-439 2944 
Trie* 268312 ah PET 


Mands I mest beach. Grecian 
Bay 6 star Grecian Sands 4 star. 
Book through Sovereign. 
Thomas Cook. Cyprians. 

Cypruir. Cypton. Kypros. ROu 
world Hobdays or Directrj- 
Ay la Nona P O Box 6. Tel 
21 301 telex 2980 
TAKE TIME OFF to Ports. Am 
vterdam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hogue. Dublin Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe. Time Off 2a. 
Chester CVwc. London. SWIX 
7BQ 01-236 8070 
CYPRUS June. July - August 1 or 
2 wto Hotels Apts. Scheduled 
fils Pan Work! Holidays 01 734 




To the Steppes 
of Russia 
Up the Nile 
To Katmandu 
On an African Safari 
Down the Amazon 
Fran £306 for 10 days 
Te £3.560 for 28 wfcs 
Ring now 

01*636 6963 




W« can riways sunriy a fust ebss 
vita, wen a the last nrntfe. We 
have probably 1* finest selector 
a the MawerraneNL on Corfu, 
Date. Pans. Mgsve. Sorth of 
France. Italy - on the beach or rath 
pool. AB love read, some a cook. 
Pnc es?Fforn th e v ery sy anstvetn 
the sorpnSM/y modest!. 


43 Cadeyaa Start 
Lsadoa SW3 ZPR 
01-581 8851 / 81-584 8803 
(K9 8132 - 24 fer lnd»i 
senrise) AHTA ATOL 



House wan pool and w -surfer 
avail Aug. Superb position ai 
waters edge. Exert ho-bour 
'•ewv Sips 6 2nd house avail 
nearby jKo sips 6. Tel: OI 730 

M040RCA vuios. Tpvtrocirts. 
lavcrnov ail dates avail. 
May June specials, tugh season 
Irani £125. Celtic HatKUys. Ol 
70 70 * 0622 677071 or 
0622 677076 (24 hrai Atot 
1 772 

MAJORCA Puerto PotJenra. beau 
Utul mountains. 1 bed flaLKM. 
patio, gdm. nr sea. roosl dales. 
Ir £80 pw me Ol 948 9900 



SOUTH OF FRANCE, pnv ate vB- 
lav all with swimming pools, 
some availability August at 
£1-200 C l 800 wsjy Palmer A 
Parker 1 04 9-481 1 sail 

MIG Gilo. apis, sip 2-10 L Guest 
rats. Collage to Chateau. David 
Newman 0903 754818 ABTA 




BBttflflSSOS & CtUUBA 
JOE 18a - T7D - ZCh 
Ango free* tamriy offer beamfuf 
pwatt vrifas/sJuUios. norra tnh 
pools, tr E159 nd fligM 
Reaae nng for our sroaB friendly 

01-994 4462/5226 

Atnl 1322 


01-949 2482 

BB BWH 1 »mB E T. awa. Wteft erqujpgetf apaetaas 3 bed ffaG. Ijr M. * 
nOTrera* MMSUJNS. SH. Beauouiy ton & dec 1/2 bed U. 

2 dfrie tied fSL BwfiU^wa. 


ns. nano 025 CH. £135 pit. _ _ 

TOOTHS. SWTT 2 bad. 1 reap hse. G^, pM CH. riweToaOeg rway 

ntK. SiM com* or taniyoirir. « py. 

RAAtPTOH MIL E*OSiw type fB^Geotffan 8 M ML 

DriC S tom to hgh sfaitod. Ideal for ettotoitaB. Easy total H«#hw. 

S mSp BL Newt? frrn & dec 2 bed flat wan btfrofqr. EtiO pw. 


R F. S I I) !•: v T I A L w 


Vary attractive stusfio flat with In rniroaoiate PWteWl btodc 
^ - stiaredlrtha doss Hotoom ptoart: ttutSo 

a pj rtrna nt to rare. Kacnen, 

EszBHT HrtwnHiRl im*t flee- 
Cftlad 2/3rd aoor rawness. 
3 fleas, Fsac. (firing, 

2 h as. £3 0 w , 

Pratfy BWwulte oonitadpBl. 
and Uf Baa AH nwriy dwh 
taEed. 3 IwS. nzp. U. taL 3 
MBs. terrace. Use of gurinL 
£375 p.w. 

recap U. HL 2 Wb..£ 400 peg. 

^01-352 8 111 


PUR OfltCK H-838 9998 



Otmuw i«he m pmatr ftepemr 
ementt. Lmonoto nrrtv ap- 
mmnl nuuoecTK. 2 i/h. ico- 
epuun. duusc mom. k ♦ b. pc.h_ 
loco Free oitJOL CH b». Refc. 
Co lei. 

622 4951. 

co. Wind CH/CHW. 

Hfd* Piik once 

81-282 5088 


A tteoetopraent of 10 flBetvMtor- 
bsfted booty apgrumts. Shortfy 
arafatrie for rental on aiong Coro- 

S W. The apBttaeas ra^ng 
t a < bedrooms wtfi spa- 
dots mcegOrei roon fan bran 
(unshed to » wmBuurt stare 
dvri ’ pnr" f 4 "3 nGhnhq] 
Kx aamoriatretPHhtefffigipres- 
hanus mirieniri toafioa. For toB 
detads pteet cril 

Ol 93S 9512 


S G Boland & Co Ltd 
133 NotfinghH! Gate 
W11. 01-221 2615 

W2 - Pam 1 bad £125 pw 
Wil- Gdn 1 bed £ 115 pw 
0 Gate - 2 bed £150 pw 
WtO- Superb studio £12Spw 


Chatming maeonetts recertify 
redecorated. fimsflBd or un- 
fiprashed, 3 tods. 2 bafts, 
large reception, ttchen and 
Ug sunny terrace. £300 per 
week, company let. (No 

878 3814. 
or 584 0030 

rut nr lube and lycra with 2 
dbte beds, dbte gtezmg. rrent 
with lufl IcegUi bur windows. 
Mi w. dryer, both- Res porter, 
video entrance phone. CO teL 
£280 pw. Goddard 6 SiMOl 
930 7321. 

CNBMCX Luxury 3 beds. 2nd 
floor selT contained fully flir- 
nsvhed flat, gas CH. washing 
machine, dish washer, drier. 
Avail now £185 PW week. Ol 
747 1786 oter 2.00 poll. 

PtTTMEY. BeautlfUtly p ra s e nied 
lurn of century hpn hse. Lot of 
gr ipped pine. 3 beds. 2 recen. 
super Ml. 2 baths. Gdn. sreert 
pkng. £200 pw. Long teL Tel 
381 4266. m. 

Wl LARGE LUXURY Furnished 
flaL 3 beds. 2 receps. Wtetwn 

and Z bolh» 1 1 tn sultel. gas CH. 
Chw. All appliances L3 month 
lei. £OOOpw. TH 01-629 6X08. 

W2. Grade II Usled hse. CbcnfaR- 
abfy furn inc grand piano. 2 
dbte i sngle bedim. 2 baths Ml 
on mach. 2 rets, gdn. Stree t 
pkng. Prof sharers considered. 
£260 pw. Tel 381 4266 CT). 

P.W.OAPP (Managment Services! 
Ltd require properties in central 
south and west London arras 
for waiting apnUeams.01 -221 

IDYLLIC 2.-3 b e dr oom tux cot- 
tage in ibe chanidng vtUp of 
Harrow an the M1B. 26 MM to 
Oxford arcus Co let preferred. 
£160 pw. TeL- 01-423 848a 

KEMSWGTOM. WB Period famtty 
home **Uh garden. 2 Secern. * 
Beds. KiL 2 Baths. Utility Rm. 
LJOOpw Self contained flat 
oho avert. Coates 828 B261. 

BCH WO H D lux grnd fir Turn HaL 
3 dot beds, conservatory, balco- 
ny. phone. OCH. 3 mins sot/ 
shops 8 p. transport, parking 
space. £160 pw 01-948 8638. 


avail. A reqd. tor dlptomato. 
executives. Long & short lets In 
all areas UpfYtend 6 Co. 48. 
Atbemarie 9 Wi . oi -499 6334. 

HEY COCK • CO of 40 
Beauchamp Place. SW3 wil 
help you find or tet your Rai or 
house Please ring 684 6863. 

WANTED own room or flaL for 
UudenL central areas, advance 
6 months rental guaranteed tel 
01-441 2241 

W 1MHI E BON A AREA. Od select 
rises flats. No fee to tenants, 
wiuiams 6 Son 947 3130. 



I . =| : 

(We Hofets? Can find a cant o n- 
aide vdta for 27 Tta s a uaoue 
ettanea Eot the ifecanaag coopta to 
stay m sontg of the ram knutous 
haao pi fte ece. Due a Anwicra 
cancaUns. we haw on at two 
Woe luapy houses on Corfu si 
June/earfy Jidy. wdh pool beach, 
mad. cook terric e- Eac h ere** 
mfl haw trial ossi prtwte beoroom 
and bathroom. We nus stress tfto 
parties are totally ureoganeed 
a* eoddes can m as 

DnvE8/5acatde as (hey «nsW E249 
- 2w*s. £189 - 1 wk, Be ftghl 
Lena] places; Rug re caB in tor 


B wda y cre rt nr Accen. 

CV7RAVB. m. 

43- CADOGU siifer. 

« 581 OBI- 
{81 SB 8132 - 24 Hn}- 

mm . 

II Plaza Estates 


Cl -7243190 :i-53t7^5 



01-244 7353 


Soper self contained boMjn 
flats in KrasroMcs SW5 
Avail from 15ib June. 
Studios frm fi?5pe 

1 bedroom fidl £230p* 

2 bedrooms frm 075pw 


kderior desire d 2 tortfe bed- 
rooms, large double ro aptoB. 
ttorfy Start ttchen, badrennr 
pie separate guest ckiafc. M n 
p res tig e btoak. Avari Now. 
Long/5tort lets. 

81 488 8926 

CORFU OA R OA1 £139 1 wk. 
£169 2 Wto tor a beaoUfal vffla 
or the m 18 « 15 Jana Ex 
Gatwicfc. Ol 734 2362 (te 
WorM Hobdays. 

R H ODES Special offer 4 June toe 
lux apt hots from £149 p^. also 
11/6* 1876 Tat Strain* 0706 
862814 - 

IHHIDGS Special offer Inc net 
apart hob. 31 /8 * 4/6 from 
£139. 11/6 & 18/6 fr £149L 
Tcb Steam* 0706 862814. 

cronre r Unspora btauds . cheap 
fWghts.vinar eK UHIC.2Wff Hoi 
ways. 01-434 1647. Atot Alto. 


END. indulge youiMf-. you 
deserve n A sraeteend in Ven- 
ice. Florence, or Rome. Cal 
wen. drink well, shop wefl and 
toroM about England's depraas- 
ing weather. Or enmb ii te a city 
weekend rtfli a week by the 
»ea Free brochure from Martc 
of Daly. Dept ST. 47 StMptwrdB 
Bosh owon. wi2 BPS Tel: Ol 
749 7449 £24 ttt service) 
TUSCANY- Studio Hal gpt 2. 
Avas July . Aug. From £100.00 
pw. 01 249 0B06 evos. 






Villas & Apartments (torn 
£l95 per week. 

Call Now 

0923 674310 

(Mummim, DEVON. Escape 
the gm to our taswfuBy 
eoiupped cottage for 7. la 
grounds of Regency bouse. Cob 
Y emeni, vrt seciunco. Dan- 
mouth dSSS/Btockawton 039. 

L cow nfw s/C from June. 
QUKi fannhouso W 8) A 
Lodge cotoge (A) Tennis. Ounv 
Sea/MoorvGoH. toaoS4> 261 

at first attempt 


This weekend the focus of 
motor racing will be / m two 
venues stsriy 5,00(1 ffllKsa^pan, 

wbete Uk world’s itwo most. 

fexnous manor sporting events 
win be taking place smndta- 
aeously. in lie llintoi Shhs bB 
atxeniioo Krill be directed .to-, 
wards IndianapoKs, where ibe 

500 miles race, rained off -last 
weekend and again on Monday, 
has been rescheduled for Sal- 

ureiay. Tbe}- onlytace in ibe dry 
at Indy. 

Not so te Mans, where tbe 24 
hours endarance classic wdl 

X at four o'docfc on Sat- 
afternoon come rain, or 
shine. All British eyes win be on 
the Silk Ctrl Jaguar team and 
their efforts finally to vanquish 
Porsche, who have won eight of 
the last 10 races there, i nclu d i n g 
the last five in a row. " * 
The fog 11 ** - team, operated by. 
Tom WaUrinsbaw Racing, bring 
with them a formidable record 
of success in other cl asses of 
motor raring and an outright 
victory in the recent Kouros 
1.000 endurance race at 
Sflveistone with the new Jaguar 
XJR6, but they are ne v erth ele ss 
newcomers to Le Mans. 

The demands of Le Mans are 
rather different from any of the 
other races in the calendar. On 
the shorter circuits the Jaguars, 
with their normally aspirated 6- 
iiue VI 2 e ngine s, have dem- 
onscrated impressive power and 
fhel economy. whOe their Tony 
Southgate-des^ned body has 
given them a high degree of 
downfoice to help speed them 
through the corners. Box Le 
Mans is a low downfoice event, 
while fuel economy this year is 
fikefy to be less of a problem to 
the leading teams following the 
increase by more than 13 per. 
cent' in the overall fuel 

Numerically, the J aguar s are 
wdl outnumbered — three ears 
no fewer than 15 Porshe 

talented drivers. Derek War- 
wide (who has just been signed 
for the Brabham Grand Prix 
team) is dire to share one car 
with Eddie Cheever and Jean- 
Louis Schlessen Brian Redman 
and Hurley Heywood .win pan- >- - 
nee Hans Hcyer. while the thiid ► 
entry will be shared by Win 
Percy - and the Italians 
Giannasco Brancaietti and lvaa 

Derek BeO and Hans Stuck 
team up for die first of the 
R othman s Porsche*. Joeben 
M ass and Bob Woltek for ibe 
second, with AT Halbert named 
as the third, driver, while Vcrq 
Sdmppan (another Le Mans 
lueoai win be partnered'by 
Drake Olsen. r 

Another team not to be 
undcrestunaasd is the Swiss- 
based Kouros' raring, whose 

Sauber C8 cars are powered by 
turbocharged 5-litre Mercedes* 

Benz V8 engines. The pairing of 
Henri Pescarolo, four tinres the 
winner, and John Ntdsen in one 
car and Mike Sackweil and 
Christian Danner in the other 
n y rese n t s an hneiesting bfcnd 
of youthful exuberance and 
mature e x perience. 

All but five of the 56 entries 
(fiom which a maximum of 55 
wi& start>are Group Gears. The 
C2 categcny ts dominated by 
entries using various forms of 
the - - former Formula One 
Goptforth Fad VS engine, al- 
though one of the most mtetest- 
ing care in this category is the 
Ecurie Ecosse of Ray Maliock, 

Mike WUds and David Leslie, 
which has a 3-1 tire V6 engine 
developed by Austin Rover for 
the Metro 6R4 rally car. 

As usual, practice, which-wfll ~ - 
conclude with an after-dark 
session today, win be essentially 
a time . for car preparation, 
circuit familiarization (there isa 
new corner at the end of the 
Midsanne straight which , has 

entry of Group Cl cars), which 
include three from the 
Rothmans-backed works team, 
two from Joest raring (winners 
for the past two years), three 
from Bran motorsport and. one 
each from the teams of Richard 
Lloyd and John Fitzpatrick. 

At least Jaguar are not short of 

about 100 yards) and establish- 
ing a race strategy, rather than 
lap record heroics. However, 
there is still an attraction, in 
being on pole position: at least it 

in that most widely used Le 
Mans picture of all— the massed 


Silver is called back to 
boost England : 

Andrew Silver, the national 
league speedway rider, from 
Arena Essex, w ho mad e an 
impressive first appearance for 
England in;, ibe -thud inter-, 
national against Denmark at 
Wolverhampton last week, is 
recalled to foe side for the fifth 
and final match of the series at 
Oxford tomorrow. 

Eric Boocock and Colin Pratt, 
the joint England managers, 
have also called up Mervvxr 
Cox. of Oxford, a former Euro- 
pean junior champion, for his 
first senior England outing. 

England lost foe first three 
internationals against Denmark 
but regained some pride with a 
57-51 win ax Bradford on 

ENOLAMhJ DoaesMgr (Ipswich). A SS-; 
rarlArom Essra^SlMggfCnicflay Hestti. 
captvA. P Codas CGrwSey HsMiL K 
TUnra (Cowmnyl C Horton (Boi* Vt/e). S 
Cross (Cmfloy HnM). M Cai tOxfonfl. 
• Erik G undersea, Cradfey 
Heath’s world speedway cham- 
pion, has been advised to rest an 
injured knee. Gundereen. how- 
ever, will ignore medical advice 
and lead Denmark against En- 
gland tomorrow. 


Johnson takes his cue 
for Kruger’s tour i 

Joe Johnson, who caused an 

Ze^^ticmrU snooker 
championship earlier . this 
month, was also 'foe erase of' 
disappointment to Barry Hearn, 
Davis's manager, yesterday. 

Johnson signed a contract in 
London to gpre-Howard Krager 
wflmri w rights as his 
white stfll rttahhg his present 
■m os pr BMB f team, beaded by 
Wally Spriagett. Oae of 
KrageriV first amves was te 
awRonnce that Johnson would 

enough money. He can stamp 
his foot and shoot all be likes, 
hot foe simple fret was that be 
was not prepared to pay what foe 
world champion is worth,** Kro- 
ger said. Inmead, Kroger, whose 
Framework agency manages 
Tony Knowles and Alex Higgins 
and also acts as agents' for 
Jimmy Whiter is taking Johnson 
and Higgins on a two-man 
exhibition trip to Hong Kong in 

early August. 
“I am also a 

“I am also airangmg a trip to 
foe Middle East in October and 

not be going on Hearn's eight- Joe has also now oat his record, 
player Far Easton tonr- in foe Erer tas timg Lore, with his hand, 
antnmn. Made In Japan, which will be 

- “Hearn simply did not offer released shortly.” 

— — — 4 


England wary of Scots 

By Peter Tallow "■ 

England’s women -players by Scotland this spring, again in 
have a ghost to lay and Scotland Worid Cup year, 
a ghost to raise as they fly to. Scotland, led by their captain, 
Philadelphia with Wales for foe Jayne Parkes, and coach. Fenny 
second World Cup in just over a Cnsfield, are the only team of 
week’s time. foe three happy with the draw. 

The draw has created foe Afterfoeir first^ day dash <wtih 
incredible situation of British 

winter sports women flying to ^ {™8^{ 

the humidity of Philadelphia in of Austraha and foe United 
June for Scotland to: play Eh- . 

gland on foe first day andWales , captainedby Vivien 

onfoe second. Jones, do not relish playing 

__ Australia on June 14, foe first 

The spooks are around on foe day. and England, too, cap- < 
first day because Scotland beat tamed by Janet Guil bride. * 
E n gla n d in spring 1982 for the would rather not play Scotland 
first time; ever and repealed foe on day ODe.Crira Brackenbridge, 
triumph id the first World Cup ibe England coach, said: “If we 
at Trent Bridge. Nottingham, beat Scotland we might relax 
foe same summer.Tbe ghost and if we lose we could 'lose 
haunting. England is their defeat confidence." . 

■‘-•tr *. 

LTA sue US group 

New Yoric (Reuter) — The Manhattan Federal Court yes- 
Lawn Tennis Association, or- terday by foe Lawn Tennis 

Lnampionships,. are suing as 
American group, rfaimiqg they 
are illegally using their trade- 
mark to sefl trips to watch 
Wimbledon matches and the 
Royal Wedding 
A suit, charging trademark 
infringement, was. brought in 

Tennis Agency Ltd, of -New 
York. . 

The suit alleged that foe^tew 
York agency used the plaintiffs 
trademark or a simulation of it . 
along with a “stylized tennis . 
balT to promote package toun£- 
to 1986 Wimbledon matches. 



Xx _ ,. 1 . / i 

i -t— 






Dancing Brave injury scare 

By Michael Seely 

Dancing Brave, the 2.000 
Guineas winner and joint- 
favourite for next 
Wednesday's Derby, has suf- 
fered a minor injury. His 
trainer, Guy Harwood, said at 
.Brighton -yesterday: “Dancing 
-Brave knocked a bone in a 
joint below the knee and lost a 
smalt piece of skin about 
' where the cannon bone is, but 
' -it is nothing serious. 

“He had a satisfactory gal- 
. lop but it may not have looked 
; impressive because of the 
-knock. The colt is in great 
form and 1 am not the slightest 
„ -bit worried. For me, there is 
• .nothing wrong and Dancing 
Brave is fit and ready logo. He 
'will canter tomorrow and 
-Rave a nice swing on Friday.” 
I' As usual the bookmakers 
appeared to have prior knowi- 
"edge of events as they had 
already pushed Dancing 
/JBrave out from 3-1 to 4-1 with 
, his stable companion, Ailez 
.Milord, shortening from 6-1 to 
.-9-2 alter substantial support 

• Harwood trains Dancing 
‘Brave for Khafed AbduUa, 
’who also has the one-time 
. favourite, Bakharofl^ standing 
j>y in the unlikely event of the 
-ground becoming heavy on 
Derby Day. At present the 

. going at Epsom is on the fast 
side of good. 

Other Derby news yesterday 
'came from Ireland with the 
announcement that Imperial 
"Falcon, at S8.25m the third 
;most expensive yearling pur- 
chased at public auction, will 
not be fit enough to attempt to 
.give; Vincent O'Brien a sev- 
enth victory in the premier 
--classic. “Imperial Falcon's 
foot infection has not cleared 
.Dp,” a Ballydoyle spokesman 
■‘said. “A decision about Wise 
' Counsellor will be taken later 
;rn the week.” 

• Having cost $7.Im at the 
.same sale in Keeneland, Jareer 

• is the fourth dearest yearling 
to have come under the 

- auctioneer's hammer. And 
'yesterday morning on the 

Limekilns at Newmarket 
‘.Makloum A1 MaJctoum's 

- Northern Dancer colt showed 
..fine powers of acceleration as 

he sprinted over 15 lengths 
dear of Truly Rare in a left- 
hand mile gallop. 

A prospective Derby winner 

Blue Horizon can 
initiate a 
double for Jarvis 

By Mandarin 

Midway Lady, the Oaks favourite, who pleased her trainer in a gallop yesterday 

would be expected to deal with 
a handicapper in such summa- 
ry fashion, but Jareer, the 
mount of Brian Rouse, has 
pleased Michael Stoute in all 
his recent work and at 16-1 
could represent good each- 
way value as he attempts to 
become the fifth offspring of 
the Northern Dancer male 
line (o capture the blue riband 
of the turf since Nijinsky in 

Jareer's stable companion, 
Shahrastani, now the clear 
favourite at 3-1 and 7-2, also 
excelled himself on the heath. 
With Walter Swinburn on 
board, the Aga Khan’s Nijin- 
sky colt galloped nine furlongs 
left-handed with the same 
owner’s Coronation Cup can- 
didate, Shardari. and another 
stable companion. Both hors- 
es quickened smoothly in the 
last two furlongs and 
Shahrastani finished two 
lengths ahead, still travelling 
easily on the bridle. 

The Limekilns resembled 
more the M25 in the rush hour 
rather than giving its normal 
gloomy appearance of 

Macbeth’s “blasted heath” 
Ten minutes earlier Henry 
Cecil's cohorts had thundered 
up the gallop. The five times 
champion trainer’s two Derby 
candidates, Mashkour ana 
Faraway Dancer, galloped 
nine furlongs with Paean. At 
the finish Willie Ryan on 
Faraway Dancer appeared to 
be going better than Steve 
Cautben on Mashkour. How- 
ever, the reigning champion 
jockey is delaying his decision 
until nearer the day. 

Confirming that Slip An- 
chor, last year’s Derby winner, 
is likely to miss next week’s 

clash with Peloski and 
Shardari in the Coronation 
Cup, Cecil said : “He’s not yet 
come to his best and Slip 
Anchor will only ran when be 
tells me he's right again.” 
Finally, on the Oaks front, 
no decision will be taken 
about Untold until Bob 
Cowell’s Hoover Fillies' Mile 
winner has worked again on 
Saturday. But Midway Lady, 
the 94 favourite, delighted 
Ben Hanbury in her gallop 
with Kolgong Heights. “She 
quickened five lengths clear in 
a couple of strides,” the 
uainer said afterwards. 

Wfflip Jarvis, who enjoyed a 
good first season in 1985 after a 
slow start, mounts a thr ee -h or se 
raid at Catterick Bridge this 
afternoon aad the young New- 
market trainer has bright pros- 
pects of collecting a doable. 

Jarvis mb quick to learn last 
year that little fish are sweet and 
half of his 10 successes were 
gained in the north where the 
ran-of-the-miU races are gen- 
erally less body-contested than 
in the sooth. 

The events which Jarvis’s 
horses contest today certainly 
fan into c a teg ory 1 am 
optimistic that Bine Horizon 
and The Prudent Prince, both of 
whom will have the benefit of 
Ray Cochrane's strong handling 
can win their respective races. 

showed promise in both his 
races last year and again ran 
well when chasing home Loch 
Seaforth on his reappearance at 
Beverley 12 days age. A fine 
through Henry Cedi's colt gives 
my selection the advantage over 
Good time Hal, who appears one 
of his main rivals in the Maker 
Maiden Stakes. 

Folkestone in July and was later 
unlucky in running when a dose 
fifth in a valuable nur se ry on 
Goodwood Cnp day. He remains 
on a bandy mark and will have 
the fast ground be needs to 
produce his best form in the 
Hawes Handicap. 

Jarvis's third runner, 
Wrangbroolt. the mount of Mi- 
chad Hills, has some fair form 

to her credit in the Win With 
The Tote Maiden Stakes, hot it 
may pay to take a chance here 
with the newcomer, PLYM- 
OUTH HOE, a son of Basted, 
who has been given plenty of 
time in come to himself by Lnca 

The Newmarket-based Italian 
trainer shooid also be on the 
mark at Brighton with DAL- 
LAS, who finished seven lengths 
dear of the rest when narrowly 
beaten by Guy Harwood's 
AJbsheer In the faster division of 
a P o n tefr act maiden earlier this 


My principal fancy at the 
Sussex track, however, is 
CHAUTAUQUA, who makes a 
swift reappearance after getting 
off the marie at Haydock Park 
last Friday. Patrick Haslam's 
griding is blessed with excellent 
early speed and it was this 
quality which proved decisive at 
the Lancashire coarse and al- 
most enabled him to last borne in 
his previous race at Carlisle 
where he had poached a dear 
lead at halfway. 

As his Haydock victory was 
gained in an apprentices' event, 
he incurs no penalty for today's 
race and there are few stronger 
lightweights on the ci r cui t titan 
Tyrone Williams, who was seen 
to such good effect when winning 
on Laurie Lorxmut at Goodwood 
last week. This fast five 
sbonld enable W illiams to 
maximum use of Chaotanqua's 
early pace and the Stanford 
geidingis napped to gain his 
second success in a week. 

• % 

No satellite decision 

US sponsor for York 

Matchmaker, an American 
bloodstock group, are to take 
over sponsorship of York’s 
group one Gold Cup, formerly 
backed by Benson and Hedges. 
The race, which was inaugu- 
rated. in 1972, has been won in 
the past by such as Dahlia. 
Wollow, Troy, Assert and 
Commanche Run. 

The lOft-furiong event wifi 
take place on Tuesday, August 
19. mid this season mil have 
added prize money of £120.000, 

an increase of 20 per cent on last 

Matchmaker have also agreed 
to support the Acomb Stakes 
and the Melrose Handicap, also 
both at Yoik, and from 1987 
onwards t he Yorkshire Oaks. 
The agreement will run for three 
years, and the company has an 
option to extend it up to 1991. 

• Trafalgar House are to 
sponsor a new £ J 5.000 sprint at 
Sandown on Eclipse Day, July 5. 

Tbe board of the Racecourse 
Association met yesterday to 
consider die submissions from 
the five organizations who are 
bidding for Che contract to 
transmit live racing to betting 

After the meeting the board 
issued a statement saying that 
they were still seeking clarifica- 
tion of a Dumber of points from 
the companies concerned ■ | »d 
that a decision wonld be made in 
the stand week of June. 

The five companies are Extei, 
Satellite Racing Development, 
Sbawline Leisure, Sports 
Information Service Network 
and Tnrf Television 

Satellite Racing Development 
is backed by the big four 
bookmakers, Ladbrokes, Hills, 
Mecca and Corals, who own 
4.000 of Britain's 10,000 betting 
shops. They have already said 
that they win not use satellite 
racing from the racec ou r ses if it 
is not provided by their own 

The RCA repre sen t the interest s 
of the 59 British racecourses and 
are obviously seeking to (Main 
the best possible deal in selling 
the rights to the transmission. 
Sir Peter Leng, the chairman of 
RCA, has said that although be 
is aware of the bookmakers' 
threatened boycott be win view 
all the tenders in tbefr merits. 

U !iL'Q KiiK 

\ • i \ 

■ nfT^ns 
l - 


Sap 7, 8 ran). 

I, BL595, soft, 
13)4M 4th to 

Going: good to firm 
Drear, low numbers best 

10 WALLY COOMES HANDICAP <3-y« £1628: 5f) (16 runners) 

J Said 7 

iM PatEddary 15 

T=t ’ 

3 . <312- EXCLUSIVE C4T 
7 00-1000 

a 3134-24 

9 10400-2 HUSTON pi {K 

(9^)hefB/BLC332a'potx »WA BLACK 

ctousFan (9-0) at Leicester (7f.£2£32.8rm. Sep 23. 14 ran). STIX. 

7th to Ala Mihak{6tft at Newmarket on first o< 3 outings (fit, £3.464. good, Aug 

“ ■ : DOU-Y. 

E( 94 » 3 KI 3 MtoGro- 


S. 14 

PlATttg (Goctfai Troe lir BtaoristoS Ltd) fl fl 
RESTLESS RH AreOQTffl^l^raM Gverej Ki 

r 6-11— SCamen 14 
Braeny 60 S WMtamrifrS 


fi Y ,-j 

ii Ui 

i. ; •. • ^ 

» - - 


c r s 


[ A all 


- 16 3330-40 ASTAHTE 
11 400420 HAH. AND 

* 13 006400 UUMMMSOi 

* 14 0040-00 FNUNMAMM 
, 15 004600 AUCEMLL 

*"*17 000060 PSCMPANCER (Mli P Brown] K T toy 7-1Z- 
1B 110060 FANCY PAGES (D) (R CoOmtel PM MfcfrM 7-12. 

,19 0640 SEQUESTRATION (A RrtanSsa C A Austin 7-11 B Ow a a f a yll 

. 20 0-421 CHAUTAUQUA. (Ul (T EBKJ P hasten 7-10 TWBwu12 

* 21 B06H-0 ARDENT PARTNER (H Dean) R J Halter 7-7 SDbmobI 

11-4 Laieston. 10630 Chautauqua. 4-1 Exclusive Cat. 61 Restless Rhapsody. 61 
Northern Trust 161 Astana. 12-1 ianna, 161 Ptotne, 161 other*. 


Aug 26, 17 ran 


1) iW win 9th &. £3.131, good. May If 
3rd to Stephen's Sorn (8-6} 5 Mew 

330 E COOMES SELLING STAKES (2-y-o: E808: 5Q (8) 

0 ggYB O O{W Kemp) W Kemp 6 T 1 ZLL 1 

0 PWERS ENTERPRISE p Piper) W Holden 61 1 







0 ROMANY LAD (D Wteort W G Timer 61 1 _ 
" G*L (M OBrirt R Hannon 6B_ 

RMG BACK (Mrs Sm/a-Grtscon) R HKhdh 8-0- 
VALDOSTA (C Wtotnan) C P Witman 8-fi 

- RNcGhtoS 
R Morse (5)2 

8 Rowe 6 
. AMcOonel 

— a Homes 

1 kj Warwick rumer-i*} to T 
|fi2)M2nd tpRothertald( 

64 Valdosta. 2-1 Ring Back, 11-4 Good Tone Girl, 161 Ppm Enterprise, 14-1 
Romany Lad. 161 Gray Rod. 

FORM GREY ROD (60) out ol first 9 behtod Bestptan at UngWd (51. £2376. good to 
lOft. UfaY 9). PiTER* ENTERPRISE (6i 112H «eet of 6 K> Santeon (61 1 ) el Fdeceskxie 
, hraw, Apr14t GOOD TMK GtRL (68) outpaced when TDth ot 12 to Derrtng 
) Bt Wodsor (5t, £1.879. good to firm, flay 12). RMG BACK (65) 6*1 5th lo 
l-ltjin auction rarest Haydock fSL fiJUL May 3. 15 rm).yAU»BTA 

r LAO (61 1)31 bacic in 7 Bl 

, good S3 soft. May 10) wah 

( 66 ) SHI 5th of B to Clearway (61 1) to Bath i 
ROMANY LAD (611)31 bade » r*- 
Setactkac RMG BACK. 

4-0 E COOMES SENKffl CITIZENS STAKES (3-f-o: E2£1£ 7f) (17) 

061 ASIAN CUP (USA) (Prince A SBAnen) 6 Hanvood 98 GStartey 15 

i AFUMdouiB C J BarstEed M_ 

IWC rau. W-11) and FANCY PAGES vm wnnu ipmi n» Wihrgui «. ■« 12 BdU UU 11 IMNU STIC IMS U WHB| la Uiwayw ■ » naan » 

ranLASTARTEf611)j4l4tti to Corrals Joy (611) at FuBceetone (Sf mtftL E 6 M. heavy. 13 0 MAWSUFF (Hamdan At-Maiaoum) H Thomson Jones 60 A Mansy 2 

Apr 14, 13 ran). CHAUTAUQUA (67) klHay£cl(u4Rner from Wow Wow Wow (610) (St u 60 CRAWS DALE UHavwMs)GLe«vit 60 PVWdranlO 

apprt'oap. El, 802. good to Soft. May 23. 10 ran). T9 M WEST JACOJES (T SmeilO Artuthrot 60 SCaothenl 

SelecfioK CHAUTAtauA. 24 0 SURE LANQMQ (SaMsfwry tmn Lid) C Neiscn60 JRaidl 

■ ■■■ — p— ...i ■■ — ■ » ■ ■■ 25 UHBELATA (G GreenMKxD ATumei 9-0, RGemer« 

Brighton selections 

: ; . By Mandarin 

* 1 •- ' 2.0 CHAUTAUQUA (nap). 230 Stardyn. 3.0 Thatch viDe. 330 
- * '* ; - Good Time Girl. 4.0 Dallas. 4.30 Mirage Dancer. 

' By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

; ; 210 Laieston. 10 Thatch viEe. 330 -Pipers Enterprise. 4.0 Dallas. 
.430 Deafening. 

By Mkfaaei Sedy 

1 ' . .10 JIANNA (nap). 4.30 Lord ft Over. 


02 DALLAS n)SA) (R Duchossos) LCumant 60. 

0 JAAZH. (J Guest) D J Munay-Smltti 60 

030 UGHMNB BYTE (Ms D Watts) GGGtacay 60. 

Pal Eddery 7 
_B Roum 3 
N Adams 8 

264 BASPAaYBETTBtptDodstoefckweetUQPTWmvyn 

611 Pad Eddery 12 

630 CHAIPOHNAY |C Wright) D Lflng 611 SWWtwxttll 

I □ Lang 611 WCereonl 

s611 P Cook 5 







114 Dafae. 11-4 Asian Cup. 4-1 Bastctfy Better, 16 I Rue St Jacques. Mweeu ft 
14-1 Chudonncy, 161 others. 

0 MAHABAD fl4 Ctehani) N W 9 CVS 6 II 

0 PORTE DAUPHME (A HoBafld) N Itoora 611 — 

SWER CLASS (9 Pearce) J Lora 611 

00 SRANBHWTBirp Turner) C&nstaad 611. 

.. R McGtan 13 
. AMcCtOBi 17 

230 E COOMES APPRENTICE HANDICAP (£2,103: 1m 4Q fl<9 

■ 2 CP02-20 K6LBTS TALE (P Meflorg I A Baking 4^9 

STAfPYN (M KenAati) P MdChel *62.— PSkWf 

ii S I 

, 61 MBer’s Tate. 7-2 Stardyn. 94! Parang. 7-1 Jazair. 161 Hot Batty. 

ill „ twCT In 1 Sot and stiowsd Hde test season 

Ireland (62) at Baft wdh PARANG (7-12 tmt m 
'• -F0fcestoroariBToi^(60)(1m«MaE77S. 




430 CATFORD MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-o: £926: 1m 2f) (18) 

066 ADMIRALS ALL Ms OCfftonlJ WcrtfarW Pat Eddery T4 

60 DEAFBtDtG (USA) p JunanvBa J k) P K alMay 60 MRohertaB 

0 FAST REAUi JUSAHSneA MohsrvnedJ W Jarvts 60 TOriniM 

6400 FRAMOrfTO (Brtsh.MxjrogrTfire{f) R Johnson Kootyoro 60 -. SCautheol2 

060 HOME OR AWAY (J Maunders) DBswnti 60 D Brown 16 

4 HOTU (USAltCowites 8 M Eswftazy) J LDtxitop60 W Canon 7 

40 LANDSX1 (B Miavo-Wdson) R Smoson 60. SWMbanrtiS 

LORD (T OVER PSA) (K Adckiia) G Harwood 3-0 O Starkey a 

204-023 NWAGE DANCER ( 1 « H Cjwza) R V Scwth 60 PRobiaeanl 

KO RfVBk BOY U MnalQ R J HodBts60 AOc*> - ' 




8) over today's course ara tSstance wmraAmT«wr v-n Phoffc 
firm. UmU. 9 rani HOT MTTY vklurfy w toedto 
Haw Biased (612) 41 over today's course and Mteneevteh OUU£TWALC 
r-12 away 5ft (app seU. £81 0. fan, Sep 19, 8 ran). SelecHon- STARDYN. 

i0 E COOMES FILLIES HAWHCAP (£3330; 1m) (1*8 









00 SR SPEEDY Ms PPOMS) MMadg»ick94L! R Carter (5) IB 

006 SOFT SHOE StJFFLE (Equne Jrwaatmeras LW) Mss B Sanders 60. _ — 2 


0020 - kittycure 

3600 SOKOLOVA ■ 

61 Lamtafci. 7-2 Lord ft Over. 62 Mrace Dancer. 11-2 Hotu. 61 Frangnto, 14-1 
Sokkwa, 161 Kitty Clare. Deafening. Fast Realm. 261 others. 

6 006000 DOLLY (J Bad) A MOOTB4-613- , 

7 14303- BLACK SOPHIE Mrs H Stack) D R Laing 6612 — — 

1 8 406440 SuTClSSL^^&ad Msewra) I V ftattieao 46-11. 

S 044620 ZMpeUHA IMisS OBften) _R I Hmncn 6B-7 

10 006 STILL HAROSNG P Wn^ W^fttS-B-l. 

13 610334 COSMIC FUGWT (E ftaW M Ustar 67-12- 

■ 64 Bag Lady. 7-2 Astfcor. 62 ZtedaBne. 61 Dolly. 61 Black Sophie. 161 
^Cosnac Ffcgnt. GoWan T 

1 Slade, 161 others. 


£5.400. good to sort 
4fc previously (Ml 5 m 


3rd to Manas (64) at 1 
SetesttwK LANDSKL 

(9-0) showed speed lor^l behind Armada (948 at Newmarket (1m. 
t. Apr IQuHOTl) (60) 12141 4th o(13 to Broken Wave (611) at Safie- 
(6S)10KI6lh to Beidate Star (612) over im 
n 01 8 d TBnt IB-4) at Kampton (1m. £7,362. soft. Mar 29) with 
01 back in «h. HIRA<£ DANCER (611 ) has steca finished 15J4I 
ngfiaid (Iro 4t. £2.642, good to soft. May 9 , 6 ran). 

- •>?:' 

i \ %. 

: . Brighton results 

. -Going; good ID fan 

JL0 (5f) 1 . BASfraiJA (J RBitt. 14-1*2. 
Lady Behave (S Cauthen, 64k 3. Btam 
•Tanae IR Curare. 13-2). ALSO RAW; 11-8 
fev Tangalooma (4th* 9 Bay wkmdBr 
Lome Breeze (5thL 33 Pgoacft Petty . 7 
ran. 1 SL 2L 2U «• a D ArhuBm* « 
Cormrton. Totm £18.40; £3.40. C1M0. DF: 
£22.70. CSF: £4360. No ottdal ttnes. 

:aa l , aJiSf«s 

Kewntfl (WiL 9 Sweet Domry. 10 
D'Artgny, 14 Ljghl HatMwSaW. 

- Was (5ft). 20 Pinstripe (B ftMOran. 41.JM. 
. 11 . 1SI.3 M iMdlftMUA 
£3 80; £1.10. £1.40. £2.30. DP. £450. 
£SF; £14^1. Tncast £4646 

"3JJ (61) 1, KORYPHEIKI 
Dataware Rher (A — ^ 


Kala Nashan, lung Of Speed. 10 Danong 
Banon. Evros. 12 Jamy Wyfa. 14 Bwana 
Kah ( 6 dtt; 16 Bel Oscar. 20 Toda Force 
Avert meiips. Young DantaLIS ran. Kl. 
JW. sh hd, *L hd. u Bolton at East 
Grtastaad. To» £660; £3.10; £BJ0. 
£3.30. DP; £13930. CSF: £208.17. TricBBC 

4L38 pm 4ft 1. ALQMO <MRttw97- 
1 t 2. Gtnaaa (T QUm 61* 3, Mb* 

4J) Cm if cn) 1 . Borteatnra (Mr J Otirm. 261); ^ Appntttena (61): 3. Swyntord 
1 toft 2. Sean Match p-ifc 3, Cts MW fmoa.(62|f- lav). Hwncaoa Henry 95 6 

Swiss Nephe w (Sd») . j 7_F0urt i Tudor. 
Melendez. 14 Jan^2DWiwNet)t>ew. 
The Betsy jSthL33 Fred The Tread .50 
Broken Tackle. CSuga Gam, Btasfeng %Jy- 
(Adi). Grasvsnor ■ Court Tran f at 
bmettar. 15 mam. 21SL 3L 2W.1LA 
Stewart at NewmartacTtWKCTjftgjO. 
£1.40. £239 DF: £2 Sl 20. CSF: £29.75. 
After stawwtta- Inqttay. raautt stood. 
Pfacapot 04650. 

O 3 (Bft); 14 

Sneoas Of bus Wnfc ZJMiSprt 
33 Carman. 11 ran. Zj*. 1^ W. mS 
Dow at GUWM6 Tflg: £«|ft 
- ^4.50. £2,10. DF; £13760. CSF: £12371. 

Treat £1.179.40. Afar stewards W- 
* .quay, raeutt stood. 

1L -1? "5L a M Fiwm 
^teitoown. Tote: IS-T O 

' £350. DF: £9-40. CSF:£S41- Bnl ^ s ' n 
lor 2^00 guaiaas. . - 


Goin^ soft- 
2.15 (2m If h*) 1 
Murptw261); 2. No Rtite ( 

awoin fa.ii fart 7 ran. 1QL 

Tots- £17.10; &70, £ 2 . 0 aDftfKJO. 
CSF: £98.13. WmnflT WBS bought In tor 
1800 gns. 

61 fait 2. Baton Match (3-1 fc3, Chi DM 
ni-2L6ran.4L 1L D MCtftatt. toib; £360; 
aM. £2.00. DF: £7.20. CSF: £352. 

635J2m 51 cW 1. Tooodaan fR Crank. 
11-2); Z Mossy Cones (61): 3. Ceka (33- 
1L 9 ran. 4L dtet Miss C Cwoa. Tote: 
£11.80: £200, £1.60, £14.76 DF: £35.50. 
CSF: £40.10. 

5.10 (2m VIJ 1 
2 tavt 2. Kvnacaro 

(33-{C 14 ran. *L 1C A ... 

b.7ft «.ia £4.eft £Sja DF; £15^0. 
CSF: £1000. 
ptaespoe £11X80 

Tuesday night 
Sandown Park 

good ' 

&2S (50 1 . Stoneydato (Q Stsrtoy. 61k 
2. Muhtate M tavfc 3. Brown Bear Boy ( 
61L 14 ran. nR: Fountain BbBs. hd. nk. N 
Catechan. Tote: £13.10: £320. £120. 
E1.4IT DR Elam CSF: £2522. THcaac 

&55 flm 

lav. 12 ran. m sh hd. N Vigors. Trta: 
£20.00; £4.40. £220. £220. DP. £80.60. 
CSF; £16257. TVicasc £783.71. 

B35 tint 21) 1. Dantahgar W R 
Swmtwn, 13-8 tav): 2. Saroricos(l2-1): 3, 
Bananas (9-4). 22 ran. NR: Moel Fammau. 
KL M Stoute. To» £226 £1.60. 

. £120. DF: £14.16 CSF: £2255. 

ptacepot £14520 

Iftk KL 
£220, 1 

BJS (im m 1. Trapazw Arttat (S 

fflBSSeSJta aam. 61 ): i MBton San (161 1 3. AS 
Is Revealed (64 far). 14 ran. 2M. 3L N 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS L CumanL 7 winners from 19 
runners, 362%; H Thomson Jonas, 13 
from 44. 295%; G Harwood. 29 from 108, 

269%. . _ 

JOCKEYS T Qutoa IS winners from 79 
rues 222%: W Cason. 39 from 187, 
209%; G Startray. 33 from 165. 20.0%. 


TRAMatS: L Cumanl, 6 winners from 13 
nmnere. 815V M Prescott, 17 from 58, 
292%. B HAs. 11 from 42. 282V 
JOCKEYS: T has. 21 winners from 91 
rales. 23.1V G Dufflaid. 36 from 208. 
172V E Guest, 6 from 43. 139V 

Is Revealed (8-4 Mj. 14 

“ ".00; £1.70. £220, £150. 

_ . — . £ 122 . 16 . TrtcaM: 


jStns»isss,& sWiB-rsaraas 


3.60: ME»; 

CSF: £47.06 TMoaat: £12146- 
325 (2m If C« 1, KSfcal ‘ 

2 ran. kL C Plnney, Tot* £1*0. 

ran, a r*. W Hem. Tots: £320; 
£220, £7.40. DF: £30826 CSF: £61 J6. 

755 (S) 7. Me Eddery, Evens 

lav): 2. WHM(14-1^Zeii)eq (11-11^5 
ran. 254L Ml P KoSeway. Tone £120; 
2120. £150. DR E470. CSF: £1159. 
825 (1m a 100yd) 1, Tettto (P Coc*. 

Blinkered first time 

BRIGHTON: 2JJ Rndon MSflCft 220 

fapDuW WNtttogham 
Vale: 3.15 Dsnoing Tom: Feipe Tortx 4.45 
Swing Singer. 

Today’s point-to-point 

»■. ■«- ■ ■ - »— - • ■ ■ ■■ -- • ■» pwwk 

noon MeiuiuvuaJMBi rwwro 1*9- 
course (B5). 


to fiim 

Draw: S?-7f, low numbers best 

2.15 EOF STAPLETON STAKES (2-y-o: £1^04: 5f) (6 runners) 


_ 3 





.231 1MI 
00 MERE 

! Lae) R Hoteohaad 64 

| (C Spence) MWEaaiwty 61. 


lVEN(W BWOVIR Sorts 68- 
030 AIR OF SPRMG (Mrs S Sfcxman) T Barron 68. 

ICHOMO (C GcUng) J W Watts 8-8_ 

. T Lucas 3 
. KDartay5 
R Cocfrraoe 2 

11-10 Thaiddan. 61 Lam O Daa. 61 Air Of Spring. T6i Echomg. 14-1 Mere Music, 
161 Absaiouto Heaven. 

Catterick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Linn O’Dee. 2.45 Whittingham Vale. 3.15 Blue Horizon. 3.45 
The Prudem Prince. 4.15 Plymouth Hoe. 4.45 Blucmede. 5.15 
Nordic Secret. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.45 Star Command. 3.15 Blue Horizon. 3.45 The Student Prince. 

4.15 Wrangbrook. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 4.45 Sandall Park. 

&45 PEN HILL CLAIMING STAKES (3-y-c: £99B:1m 4f 40yd) (9) 

1 680000 TARA D AI4CBUG Stead) K Stone 63 

2 064043 FAST AND HBEMX.Y BF) (J Lawtori H HoSrjshea 

4 006010 ORMNTAL EXPRESS (D Ho) F Can 60 

5 00664 TAPWJETWIAaiawlJUNMhayiM 

7 0 HOLME BOOK (D Gandoto) D Gandotto 611 

8 0060 BBS BETH. I Mrs 8 WltftJ Hams 611 ^ — - 

9 30 WHirnNGHAM VALE (B1 (B Mraray) W Elsay 611 _ JLcwe j 

0 STAR COMUUO (W HM) P Hattvn 6fi G French 6 




(A Snteh) P Rohan 67 . 

64 Fast And Friendly. 61 0rteM8l Express, 4-1 WNtCnghare Vale. 61 Lady ot 
Hampton. 61 Star Command. 161 Tap Duet, 14-1 others. 

3.15 HAWES HANDICAP (3-y-o: El 353: SO (13) 

1-40000 mNCMG TOMBPJLI Tunay)TFairtsir3t67. 
00003-0 STYBBa) (M Briaan) M Bnttato 3-1 

144006 JOIOST U Wrao) J SWe 60 

303-0 HAIR MLL (1*5 R GriliMW Wharton 6ia__ 

1261 BHfflffi OF GOTO (C)(TaarrD^T Barren 611 
413860 BLUE HORQXJN (01 jG Tart W Jarvis M—-~ 
144600 CHORSTVtS DftEAM (BJ (iki A Lo&MJ Ponaa^S- 
2044-40 MPSttAL SUMRI5E (A Ocknan) Uw EMWfby 8-8 — 
00006 FBJPE TORO ©(U Col R vyarttan) M H EastBtby M 
631002 WOW WOW WOW (D) pul Orde 6 Ltd) I 
0-01000 MUSIC TEACHBt 
036002 THE STRAY 

GDuftMd 11 
R Cochrane E 


. MBbcbl 

.. CUcle B Ltd) NTWdar 64 MmTfrldermS 

Btefce) A RoOSOn 8-0 SPGritOhsIRtS 

- UrMran 7.0 J Lt 


•^'(BJWraJMcMancnlB McMahon 7-12 — JLowal 
383046 BARGAW PACK (J Taynr) Mra G Revefey 7-12. 

61 Bridge ol Goto. 7-2 Wow Wow WOw. 9-2 Haiti MB, 61 Blue Horizon. 61 
imperial Sunnse, The Stray Butet 161 Skybtrd. 161 others. 

145 MUKER MAIDEN STAKES (£728: 1m 5f 180yd) (14) 

1 300460 BUJOORfS (freer!) NCnsnp 4-69 


3 00024-40 KADESH 












NDEAN BRSZE (fl Judtato R Juckes 

ESI IR PtrBpsi F YanUey 5-69 

PRUi»iTWHCE (J Gmethra^ W Jt 
S GFT (Mrs P Beesw) J P SrtOi 4-9 


. MBbrii 1 

- — B 

W Jarvis- 

66 . 

362 THE 1 

GYPS OFT (Mrs P Baesiu., - — 

0 OME FOR 1>fl£ DITCH (H UoycKJones) Mrs C UoydJon M 

5-9-0 WtfOQy 

64 GOOOTRE HAL (Mra G Bronfman) JHtoOBy 3-65 
«- W DREAMS (BHaBB«5)M Preset* 665 
0060 STORM 

_ R Cochrane 7 

. . C Tlcmton 66 S . 

046- FANNY ROGM (D Swift) Dnu Smtfl 666— 
■ 00 LWEtan 1 LAITY (J RampM W Wharton 362.ra 

040600 OUEB4 OF SWdQS 6uttare) R Holnsheod 34 
006220 SAY BOeCIHOIGCrVtoiararaOJ wear 662 — 
SUNS PET (H Price) W Madoe 662 . 

_ NCariMaa 
_ S Perks ttt 

J Lowe 2 

.K Wood 13 

168 The Pntoert Prince. 62 Gootferoo Hal, 9-2 Say Something, 6T to Dreams. 
12-1 Fanny Rotun. 161 B«tor. 261 others. 

4.15 WIN WITH THE TOTE MAIDEN STAKES (£1,076: 1m 4f 40yd) 

BOMBARD (T RoPson) Oanw Smith 5610™ jOWWft 1 3 

RAISAffiLUON (T Muray) Spt J WfcOn 4 - 610 ___ Jm C«tW ( 1 ) 1 * 

l BBJJS (Mra I Kayvwft) i 

(M Morian) Mrs G Rerelay 6 
EM (R Hating) R Thompson I 
r FAR (R Dineen) W Harti 6 

S Norton 4-610.. 

000600 M0SS8ERRY 

rad006 WONGAULU(JRowtands}J _ 

00 MAJESmCIA!i(GER)(UissM Wittman)G PrariiariFGonJon 

023060 UAOtSON G 8 tt. | 

.. , J L Cunani 667 . 

L airarans R J WMams 3-64. 

Ivanara) R WNtaker 3-64 

B Tunrta Lad) W Jamie 664 — 

3-8-7 G Ouaear 

,R Cochrane 13 
I XBraeM»w4 

L__ mwbs 

62 Plymouth Hoe. 7-2 MoJarhcmn. 9-2 wrangbrook. 61 La Cazadora. 61 
Shannon skis. 161 Macfison Gut 12-1 The Hough. 14-1 others. 

4.45 GRINTON STAKES (2-y-« £1^56: 51) (3) 

1 1122 

13 4 SANDALL FAMtfHepodremo Rare 

14 SWMESMGER(B)(B Hathaway) J 
Evens SandaB Park. 64 Btoemeda. 4-1 S*wng Skitter. 

Watts 611 

KOMay 1 

- K Hodgson 3 

5.15 TAN HILL HANDICAP (£1,337: 1m 4f 40yd) (9) 

4 080680 

5 3606 RAPtDAN | 

B 0024-40 KADESH ( 

9 OQOfOSt SttfBRt 

10 8066 KOULKMSf 

11 0200)62 BUSTOFFJh 

12 006001 NORDIC T 

> (Mrs *4 Mlchaefl S Motor 7 - 612 - 
tpi JVWscn} Ca# JWlSOn 4 - 61 ). 
i S Kd) Mtas S HaR 6 - 61 D. 

SmSh) Denys Smfth 4-610 



Jele Bowker (7) 6 

K Hodgson 4 


14 020600 STRBtQCF BEADS (WLwntari J Etherfegton 46S GtMfaMS 

16 0303-00 EXCAVATOR LADY (B) (F Hinea) R WhBtfar 7-BS KA»iite(^3 

62Sra*ra*ss.61 Busiotf. 61 NonfcSeow.7-1 RapMan .61 string Of Beads. 
161 Excavator Lady, 14-1 others. 

• Jim Marsh was yesterday announced as ihe new manager of die 
Curragh racecourse. Formerly a senior stipendiary steward in Hong 
Kong and a stewards' secretary in Ireland, Marsh lakes over from 
y Connolly on March 1 next year. 


N Zealanders in 
hard line with 
their own union 

From Pan] Martin, Johannesburg 

The “Banle of the Giants'*, lo 
use the des cri p ti on of tbe series 
proclaimed on the New Zea- 
landers* sponsored pullovers, is 
to be concluded here this Sat- 
urday. but prep a rations far the 
next confrontation — against 
their own Union — are already 
under way. 

As a first line of defence, 
members of the team have 
decided not to respond to 
demands that they sign official 
forms in which they are required 
to seek belated permission to 
play in South Africa; nor will 
they make a sworn declaration 
that they have received no 
material benefits from the tour. 
The team has been at pains to 
stress that they are not actually 
refusing to sign or declare the 
documents sent to them in- 
dividually by the New Zealand 
Rugby Union — they are simply 
ignormg them: a distinction 
which to them makes a 

So sensitive is the issue that 
Mervyn Key, their lawyer, who 
went to New Zealand to arrange 
the tour contracts some months 
ago. cancelled a press conference 
on the matter at the insistence of 
the team's leadership. They 
simply issued a statement saying 
the matter was still “under 

The players, originally not 
unwilling to sign, now feel they 
were being led into a trap, in that 
they would be nxognizing their 
union’s authority over them, 
despite claiming that they came 
as individuals. They did send a 
telex on arrival here, asking for 
clearance, and that may be used 
against them in any subsequent 
legal wrangling. 

Andy Daltonjhe tour captain, 
is still arguing that his players 
should be considered for selec- 
tion when New' Zealand play 
France late next month — even 
though he accepts the NZRU's 
justification for deciding that 
their late return exdudes them 
from preliminary games and the 

trial match. Hr pointed out 
numerous precedents of players 
picked for an international de- 
spite having been absent from 
the final triaL 

There is. inevitably, grum- 
bling when a team is in danger of 
losing a series, but Dalton has 
the added difficulty of con- 
centrating minds when the 
wider “political” matters loom 
larger. Complaining of tbe 
“distraction" over the signing of 
forms, he is also furious at tbe 
“real mess” that has been made 
of the arrangements for travel 
back home next week. In an 
effort to inject some vigour into 
his somewhat aged international 
XV, Whetton and McDowell 
have replaced Shaw and 
Ashworth as flank and loose- 
head prop respectively, while 
tbe superior ball skills of Smith 
have finally outweighed Fox's 
superb goal-kicking as outside 

Deans, who will now lake the 
ties, replaces Crowley at 
back, partly because Crow- 
ley missed a vital tackle last 
Saturday and kicked aimlessly. 
Purely on merit, Hadeo should 
have dropped out — his lineouz 
jumping has been lamentable — 
but, as a veteran observer 
remarked, “You don’t leave out 
your managing director". 

Despite the removal of the 
wire cage around his broken 
jaw, Dalton, aged 33, has taken 
no part in the tour since the 
deliberate punch that did the 
damage. He had several times 
been tempted to fly home, he 
said, but has stayed on out of a 
sense of duty. He remains 
convinced that the decision to 
undertake and arrange the un- 
authorized tour was correct, 
though he is distressed by the 
impact on his wife and family. 

He defended sportsmen’s 
rights to play anywhere, ignor- 
ing local politics, yet conceded 
that there were some extreme 
circumstances where it would be 
morally indefensible- 


full ba 

Australia select their 
best as Slack returns 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Andrew Slack returns to inter- 
national rugby after a year's 
absence when he leads Anstralia 
against Italy in Brisbane on 
Sunday. Slack, aged 30, retired 
from the top flight after tire 1984 
grand slam tour of Britain bat n 
change of employment and the 
lure of the inaugural world 
toarnameot next year hare 
prompted a change of heart. 

Anstralia have made no con- 
cessions to their visitors, who 
hare ep/oyed only mixed success 
on their short tour. It is the 
strongest available Wallabies 
team and the only newcomer is 
Brett Papwmth, the New South 
Wales utility player, and even he 
represented his country against 
Ftp last year. 

Wales, meanwhile, arc 

dusting themselves off after 
being beaten 29-13 by Eastern 
Fiji on Tuesday. They have sent 
for Kicroo Jones (South Wales 
Police) as cover in the centra 
because of a hamstring injury to 
Kevin Hopkins which has pre- 
vented him from playing so far. 
Jones, currently on tour with the 
B team in Italy, mil leave after 
the second B international in 
Boom tomorrow evening. Wales 
are expected to anounce their 
team to play Ftp today, 
AUSTRALIA (v Italy): R Gouto (Queens- 
land): B Moon (Queensland). A Slack 
capteiiL B Papwonh 
Campese (ACT); M Lynagtt 
Fvr-Oones (NSWfc E 
Lawton (Queens- 
land). A McIntyre (Queensland). W 
CaJcraft (NSW). S Cuter (NSW). W 
Campbel (NSW), S Potoewn (NSW), S 
Tuynman (NSW) 

(NSW). D Campese 
(Queeralanft. N Far 
Rodriguez (NSW). T 


Union ruling on names 
leads to more confusion 

By Barry Pfckthal! 

Tbe International Yacbt Rac- 
ing Union is about to score an 
own goal over its controversial 
rule which bans sponsored yacht 
names within the sport — or at 
least that is how the Italians see 

After the international jury 
ruling at this year’s 12 metre 
world championship that the 
name French Kiss, which carries 
an indirect link with the KJS 
organization backing French- 
man Marc Plot's erotically 
named America’s Clip chal- 
lenger, did not contravene the 
rule, the IYRITs Italian presi- 
dent, Beppe Crocce. who is also 
a member of tbe presidential 
committee leading the Italian 
Azzurra America’s Cup chal- 
lenge. called upon his FYRU 
executive committee to dear up 
the confusion. 

The result is a letter of 
guidance now being sent to race 
committees and jury members 
that rule 26. governing sponsor- 
ship. was designed to bar yacbt 
names linked however tenu- 
ously to a company’s name, 
product or service. 

While this puis pressure on 
Pmot to change bis yacht’s name 
before September 1 — the dead- 
line for protests aga in si 
commercial names in the 
America’s Cup — it also places a 
large question mark over the 
Italian name, Azzurra. 

To the obvious embarrass- 
ment of the Italian syndicate 
headed by tbe Aga Khan whose 
yacht dub. Costa Smirelda. is 
also organizing the challenge 
trials in Fremantle, the French 
are gleefully pointing out that 
the Azzurra name has a link that 
is no less tenuous than Kiss, to 
one of its sponsors, the Italian 
brand of beer. Nestro Azzurro. 

A spokeswoman for the Costa 
Smirelda Cup confirmed yes- 
terday that the brewery con- 
cerned was one of their sponsors 
but could see no comparison 
with the French Kiss affair. 

“This brand of beer has been 
around for as long as I can 
remember.” she told me. but 
when it was pointed out that 
French Kiss's — a phrase listed 
in Chambers 20th Century En- 
glish Dictionary — had also been 
practised for some time, she 
answered, “I think this is some- 
thing for our lawyers,” and 
hurriedly rang off to inform 

Bryan Willis, one of Britain’s 
leading authorities on yacbt 
racing rules who was a member 

of the jury that gave a unani- 
mous decision in favour of 
French Kiss just before the 12 
metre world championship, said 
yesterday that the idea ofissuing 
a teller of guidance to race 
committees and jurors was 
fraught with danger. “The rale 
as it stands is not workable — the 
grey areas are enormous. In my 
view the sport must decide 

whether it wants to inhibit 
sponsorship completely or 
merely control the aesthetics 
involved by limiting the size 
and position of names and logos 
on a yacht's hull and sails.” 

It is a matter that has been 
under discussion for years but 
now that Crocce finds himself 
being forced to defend the 
seemingly innocuous name, 
Azzurra (meaning sky blue in 
Italian), perhaps this thorny 
subject will be cleared up once 
and for all 

Further delays 

The Eastern States Defence 
Syndicate, which hurriedly 
launched their Peter Cole de- 
signed 12 metre in Sydney last 
month, were faced with further 
delays in their preparation trials 
at the weekend when the yacht 
was dismasted. The high-tech 
riveted spar, taken from Syd 
Fischer’s former cup challenger 
Advance, “broke like a zipper 
with rivet beads flying in all 
directions” according to one 
eye-witness. And the boat bas 
now been laid up for further 

Plans shelved 

Leonard Greene's Coura- 
geous group is still alive — just. 
According to sources within this 
syndicate, tbe American head 
has shelved plans to build a new 
boat and now intends to turn up 
for the first trial races with the 
ageing Courageous, collect his 
$70,000 deposit and send the 
crew back home. 



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Sussex likely 
to be fined 
again for slow 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

LORD'S: Sussex, with ail their 
wickets in hand, need 248 runs 
from 53.3 overs to beat 

The rain arrived in the late 
afternoon at Lord's yesterday 
and prevented any further 
play in this Benson and 
Hedges quarter-final. By then 
Middlesex had made 256 for 
five in a lively piece of cricket 
watched by quite a good 
crowd, sometimes in sun- 
shine. No sooner bad Sussex 
started their innings than the 
weather closed in. 

Besides making 46 together 
for Middlesex's first wicket, 
Barlow and Slack survived the 
first six of Ira ran ’ 5 1 1 overs. In 
the first over of the match 
Imran beat Barlow four times. 
Had he not been restricted in 
the number of overs he could 
bowl, Middlesex would have 
been unlikely to make the runs 
they did. On Tuesday, also 
against Middlesex at Lord's, 
he had taken eight for 34. 
Now. very well and economi- 
cally though he bowled, he got 
no one out. Off a full run he 
looked fitter than for a long 

Middlesex, in fact, timed 
their innings welL When Bar- 
low drove Reeve to mid-off in 
the eighteenth over the score 
was still only 46; but Gatting 
wasted no time, and when 
Reeve bowled Slack in the 
twentieth over Butcher came 
in and was soon under way. 

For the third wicket Gatting 
and Butcher added 84 in 16 
overs with an admirable piece 
of batting. These were two 
very good players showing 
sound judgement, running fast 
between the wickets and 
knowing just what liberties to 
take as the ball moved about 
under a thick layer of cloud. 

The bowlers they used being 
all of medium pace (Imran 
was faster than that but le 
Roux is not genuinely fast 
anymore), Sussex finished by 
being liable to a fine of £600 or 
having sent down only 49 of 
their 55 overs in the first three 
hours 25 minutes of the 
Middlesex innings. 

In the first of the qualifying 
matches in this year’s Benson 
and Hedges, against Essex at 

home- they were fined £1,000, 
also for dropping behind the 
perfectly reasonable required 
over-rate of 16 an hour. On 
that occasion the club and the 
players each paid half die fine, 
it is quite right that stringent 
measures should be taken to 
keep the game moving. 

By lunch Middlesex were 
122 for two from 32 overs and 
gaining momentum. Four 
overs later Gatting pulled a 
short baD from Pigott hard but 
straight to Barclay at short 
midwicket. Sussex fielded 
very well and this was a good 
catch. Butcher went to anoth- 
er, taken by Pigott off bis own 
bowling after Butcher had just 
bit him for 12 in three balls. 
Butcher was fourth out at 1 77, 
with 11 overs to go and Radley 
beginning to drive Sussex to 

Downton's 32 in 10 overs 
included two leg-side sixes off 
le Roux, the fust a' startling 
stroke to long-on, the second 
on to the Grandstand balcony. 
In 10 overs Downton and 
Radley had added 67 for the 
fifth wicket when another of 
those unsatisfactory and pure- 
ly ' fortuitous deflections off 
the bowler ran Downton out. 

The Middlesex innings end- 
ed at 3.30. When rain stopped 
play 20 minutes later Lenham 
and Green had each hit one 
good four in the over and a 
half they had received. An 
hour later, rain still coming 
and going, h was obvious that 
we should have to return 

G D Bartow c Wott b Reeve . 

W N Stack t> Rem 

*MW Gatling c Barclay b I 
fl O Butdiar c and b 
CT Radley not out 

fP R Downton run out . 
J E Entouray not out , 







Extras {b 2. to 10. w 6, nb 4) 
Total (5 wkts. 55 overs) . 


■ 256 

P H Edmonds. S P Huptes. N G Cowans 
and W W Daniel dkf not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-46. 248, 3-133, 4- 
177. 5-244. 

BOWLING: tnxanl 1-2-24-0; le Roux 11-2- 
550: Jones 11-0020; Ram 11-0-54-2; 
Pfgott 110090. 


NJ Lenham not out — S 

AM Green not out., 

Total (no wM. 1.4 onrs) 

P WG Paricar, Imran Khan. 'J RTBvday. 
C M Writs, tlj Gould. GSIe Roux. DA 
Rem, A C S Hgott and A N Janes to bat. 
Umpires: D J Constant and A G T 


Bontempi wins stage 

Piacenza (Reuter) - Guido 
Bontempi won the seventeenth 
stage of the Tour of Italy 
yesterday as his compatriot, 
Roberto Visemini. retained the 
overall leadership for the second 
day with a collective time of 
81 hr 56min 22sec. The Belgian, 
Eric Vanderaerden, was second 
for the day, finishing in the same 

group as Bontempi and Siefano 
Allocchio, of Italy, who was 

SEVetiaNTH STAGE (186km): 1. G 
“ 1 “ 4hr 51 min SSsac; 2. E 

denJBeO wwin Bow 3, S 
AUocchkx 4. A Bet* 5. P RosoteU, J V*n 
Dor Velde (Noth). Oraraft 1, R VtatfM. 
81hr 56min 22sec; 2. G Sarami (R). 1:06 
behind: a G LeUond (US) 2fl5 behind. 
Irish piadngs: 50. S Roche 48*2 behind; 
5a M Earley 1:00:14. 

AH dhrUeuds subject Id mciuttay ai matches tor May 24th 



* # * * EVE RYWHERE! 


24PTS £2^33-20 

23PTS £54-10 

22V2FTS £9-70 

22PTS £5-10 

21VzPTS £2-15 

21 PIS £0-55 

Mrfe Chance lEndcad* I n unit* ol Yip. 

4 DRAWS £6-10' 

12 HOMES £231-90 

6AWAYS £62-40 

Aban Artdcads te setts of Ifip 

Expanses and Commission 
10th May 1886—29-1% 


Teh 0272-272272 
( 24hr. service ) 

Isa the shadows: Border, plays forward yesterday (Photograph Chris Cole) 

Cowdreys steer Kent home 

DERBY: Rent- beat Derbyshire 
by four wickets. 

After their early batsmen had 
been pinned down, Kent's mid- 
dle order flourished successfully 
enough to see their ride to their 
eighth semi-final in the Benson 
and Hedges competition. Chris 
Cowdrey played the captain’s 
part with an unbeaten 63 to gain 
the Gold Award and he found 
aggressive' support from his 
. younger brother, Graham, in a 
stand of 56 in seven overs and 
then from Ellison as they pun- 
ished the hapless Warner, the 
one weak spot in Derbyshire's 
otherwise formidable seam at- 
tack, to win with eight balls 

On a wicket which seamed 
and bounced, Derbyshire's uF 
mnflte total represented untold 
riches after their excnitialingly 
slow, difficult start. Dilley beat 
Anderson’s bat consistently 
without finding the- edge; 
Barnett made some contact 
against Ellison, driving him for 
one Jour before edging to second 

When Kent's opening bonders 
ended their six over stints; 
Derbyshire had reached .18. 
Baptiste came on to bowl with 
equal penetration, Hfll and 

By Peter Ball 

Anderson both surviving con- 
fident leg before appeals before 
Baptiste found Hills’ outride 

But as Anderson's sojourn 
finally ended and Baptiste fin- 
ished his allotted overs, relief 
was at hand. Roberts joined 
Morris in a stand which trans- 
formed the game as they added 
91 in 14 overs. 

In the end Cowdrey ac- 
counted for both but by the time 
Roberts succumbed, Derbyshire 
were off the leash and some 
hearty blows from Miller and 
Warner in the dosing overs 
added to Kent's frustration. 

The wicket had lost some of 
its bounce and pace but there 
was still enough movement to 
give Derbyshire's battery of 
seam bowlers encouragement. 

Finney, in particular, beat the 
bat as frequently and as effec- 
tively as Baptiste had done. 
Tavare and Hinks were both 
undone by his late swing as they 
drove flat-footed but Cowdrey 
and the dogged Taylor saw Kent 
safely to tea with the game finely 

' Kent’s situation then was 
almost identical to Derby’s at 
lunch but neither batsmen could 
strike Morris's rich vein. They 

had put cm 71 in 17. overs, when 
Taylor drove Newman to extra 
cover in the attempt to quicken 
the rate. It was by that over 
seven an over but the Cowdreys 
joined forces to revive Kent 

K J Barnett c Hinks b Effison 
1 S Anderson b Baptiste 

A HB.cTavart b Baptiste . — . 
JEMonfebCSCwdray — 
"3 Roberts b C S Cowdrey _ 
Miter not out 


M A Holding run 0(8 
A E Warner nataut 

Extras (t) 2, to 6. w 6. nb 5). 

Total (S wkts. 55 orera) — — — — - 
P G Newman, R J Rnrwy and 0 H 
Marterwen (Sd not b*L 
TALL OF WICKETS: 1-11, 244, 3-79. 4- 
17a 5-181, 8-203. 



MR Benson eMBerb Newman 
SGHktkac Morris bFteney — 
C J Tarart b Finney 

NR Taylor c Barnett b Newman 

-C 8 Cowdrey not out 

G R CouKkoy b Warner 

E A E Baptiste b Holding 

R M BOson not out 

Essex have best 
of bowlers’ day 









freWe Chance 


24 pts _ £57660 

23 pts- £13-95 

22% pts ... £245 

22 pts... £1-30 

21 % pts. ...... fl *50 

Treble Chance Dividends to Units of 

12 HOMES -£332-20 

(Nothing Barred) 

8AWAYS £1,282-00 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £4-10 

(Nothing Baired) 

Above DivtdeiKte to Units of 10p. 
Expenses and O onnwisBlon ter 10th May 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 



253 53 

- £5-40 lor ia 


24 Pts £451.65 


24 Pts £105.05 

M PtR_ pej AR 


22V? Pte_ PI CO 

3p*»aiz.i3.'ia.iBj3jBjinB.4o,4i. M 

CHELMSFORD: Nottingham- 
shire. with seven wickets in 
hand, need 157 runs to beat 

As the forecast warned. Essex 
and Nottinghamshire must re- 
turn today to settle their Benson 
and Hedges Cup qnartcr-finaL 
Essex have the advantage, hav- 
ing removed Broad, Robinson 
and Randall in 1 1 overs between 
the squalls. Nottinghamshire 
had done well to restrict their 
opponents to 195 for nine, Rice 
taking five for 48. 

There was cloud cover over 
the ground all day and some 
variable bounce, both of which 
assisted the quicker bowlers. 
Nottinghamshire kept a tidy 
line! Even, so, Essex, who won 
the toss, should have scored 
more heavily. 

Hardie was swiftly out, caught 
at gully- driving at Hadlee. 
Gooch, after his customary 
authoritative start, played over 
a ball of full length from Pick: 
throughout the innings, Not- 
tinghamshire kept the rail up to 
the bat. 

At 59, Rice obtained enough 
movement to -induce an edge by 
Prichard, Randall taking a neat, 
low catch at first slip. Border, 
who is living in McEwan's 
house and currently playing in 
his shadow, was yorked by the 
Nottinghamshire captain. 

- So it was that at 70 for four, 
Pringle came in to one of the 
best receptions he can have 
received. No doubt many in the 
sizeable Essex crowd had seen 
his innings against India on 
Monday. He was not at his best 
ly. but be did share a 
If-cenlury stand iir 15 overs 
with Fletcher. 

It is good to see Keith Pont 
back in the side in this his 
benefit year. He made 35. 
second-highest score, an innings 
which. included a six that- landed 

By If o Tennant 

a few yards from where the 
collection buckets were looking 
after his fiitnre. 

Off the last 15 overs Essex 
made 88, more than seemed 
probable midway through their 
innings. Of the last five wickets 
to fell, Fletcher, Pringle, Pont 
and Turner were bowed and 
Foster leg-before, which illus- 
trates how accurately Not- 
tinghamshire bowled. 

In murky light, Nottingham- 
shire got away to a poor start 
Gooch, bringmg himself on to 
allow Lever to change ends, had 
Broad taken at the wicket offhis 
first ball. At the same score, 
Robinson tried to run Lever to 
third man and was caught at 
second slip. 

When they resumed after 
losing 80 minutes to bad light 
and rain, Randall was picked up 
in the slips, attempting to steer 
Foster. Thai the rain returned, 

*G A Goodt b Pick , 

B R Hartito c Bfrcit b Hadlee - 
P J Prichard c Randal b Rtee 
A R Baxter b Rica 

K w R Ftotdw b Hadee . 

DR Prtngte b Rce 

K R Pont b Pc* 


E East notout 
Timur b Rice. 

N A Foster tow b Rku 
JK Law not out 

Extras (b 1. lb 12. v 5, nb 3) . 
Tom (9 wkts. 55 owns) . 

- 2 




FALL OF WICKETS; 1-22. 2-39. 3-59. 4- 
70. 5-124, 8-163, 7-177, 8-180. 9-180. 
BOWLING: Hadtofl 11-1-302 Cooper li-_ 
2-34-0: Pick 11-037-2; Rice 11- 
Hemnlngs 11-4-43-0. 


B C Broad c East b Gooch 

R T Robinson c Gooch b Lever . 

O W Randal cPrngteb Foster - 

*G EB Rica not out — 

P Johnson not out 

Extras (ir 7. nbl) 

Total (Sarkis. 11 own). 

- 7 

- 2 

.. 6 

- 0 
- 8 

J D Birch. R J Hadee. tBN French, R A 
Pick.X E Cooper and c E Hammings to 

FALL OF WTCRETS: 1-14, 2-14. 339. 
Umpires: D O Ostoar and K E Palmar. 

Irish have their hour 

By George Ace 

BELFAST: Match abandoned. 

Only an hour’s play was 
iWe in the one-day match 
tween Ireland and the Indians 
at Ormeau, Belfast, yesterday 
before heavy rain caused its 
abandonment. A damp outfield 
delayed the start by 90 minutes 
andshprtly after the players had 
left the field fin* lunch, with only 
18 overs bowled, torrential rain 
ruled out any further play in 
what -had become a 45-overs a 
side match. Prospects for 
s game at Downpatrick 
are. however, favourable. 

The Indians struggled during 
the early overs ins' lost three 
wickets for 30 runs. The first, 
that off Srikkanth, fell to the 
second ball of the day, bowled 
byCoriett who provided an all- 
pace opening attack with Jones. 
Srikkanth played a casual-look- 
ing stroke to a good-length ball 
to give Prior a straightforward 
catch at mid-on. 

Pandit joined Lamba. but 

tedium-paced Garth took over 
ora . Corlctt he bowled 
zharoddin for 1 nine with his 
ii«J ball. : 

Paul then partnered Lamba 

impressive of the Indian bats- 
men In action, bit two bound- 
aries in bis unbeaten IS while 
Lamba finished on 21 not out 


K Srikkanflt c Pitor b Gotten 0 

R Lamba not out : 21 

C S Paras* b Jones 8 

M Azhoruddki b Garth 8 

S MPelt not out . is 

Extras (wi.nb 3) 4 

.Total (3 wkts, 18 own] . 

J Sbastri. M Prsbhakar. tK £ Mora. R 
M H Bkinjf, N S Yudav and Mankafor 
Snah dkl not bat 

FAJX OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-17.3-30. 
BOWLING: CortMt 5-1-10-1; Jonat 7-1- 
22-1; Garth 4-0-18-1: HaSktey 2033. 
IRELAND: S J S W&rto, M A MHOOd. D<3 

Dennison, MF Cohen, J A Prior, J GarthS 

C CortetL A McBma. fP B Jackson, *M 
Haffday. E Jonas. 

Umpires; p Lutxwy and H J Hsndsnwn. 

Extras 0b TO. w 2,11b 3) 

Total (6 wkts. 534 own) 242 

IS A Marsh. G R Dffley and D L 
Underwood did not bat. . 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-38, 237, 335. 4- 

BOWLING: Kottng-10-233-1: Mortenssn 
11-2-360: Rnrwy 11-2-28-2 Newm a n 9- 
0-41-2; M»ar 33-1 7-0; Warner 34-0-70-1 
Umpires: J W Holder and J BMonshaw. 

Lamb and 
Harper in 
fine stand 

By Richard Streeton 

WORCESTER: Worcestershire, 
with nine wickets in hand, need 
182 runs to . beat 
Worcestershire made a cau- 
tious start when they began their 
reply to Northamptonshire's 
233 in tins Benson and Hedges 
Cup quarter-final tie, which will 
be completed today . Two 
hailstorms and two bouts of rain 
disrupted Northamptonshire's 
innings, which owed much to a 
partnership between Lamb and 

These two added 120 in 21 
overs for the fourth wicket and 
grew visibly in confidence as 
their stand progressed. Lamb 
met the ball with the middle of 
the bat from the moment he 
arrived and played -some splen- 
did strokes. Harper began more 
shakily. He should have been 
stumped at 17 off Illingworth. 
He was again -missed at 22. 

These two took - North- 
amptonshire past 200 -in - the 
48 ih over arid wen wdD placed 
to launch the dosing assault, 
when they were both, caught at 
mid wicket in successive oven. 
Wild and Ripley were run out, 
after good work by D’Oliviera. 
Lam b arid Harper came together 
with the Score 86 and the 
innings at its half way point 
After Neale chose to field, 
Northamptonshire lost Bailey in 
the third over before Cook and 
Boyd-Moss shared’ a brisk and 
promising second wicket stand. 
Radford brought a ball back 
which Bailey edged into his 
stumps but otherwise be did not 
seem , to trouble the batsmen as 
much as lnchmorc. 

Cook took most of his runs to 
either side of deep third man. 
Boyd-Moss 1 . revelled in any 
opportunity to force- the ball 
away to the teg side. The score 
was-44-from 12 overs when rain 
halted play for 10 minutes. Soon 
after a restart there was a lengthv 
deluge of hailstones which left 
the field looking as if someone 
had scattered moth balls cm it. 

After resumption Boyd-Moss 
was out toa marvellous fog side 
catch by Rhodes. Boyd-Moss 
flicked a ball offhis legs, Rhodes 
made ground to -his left dived 
sideways, and came up with the 
balL . 

Cook, though, was finally 
undone by Weston's late move- 
ment as he stretched forward in 
defence and edged a low catch to 
first slip. Weston, who 1 deserved 
a wicket for his light control had 
been presented with his county 
cap. before the start, together 
with Hick and Illingworth. 


■G Cook cH«kb Weston 30 

RJ Bailey b Radford 6 

R J Boyd-Moss c Rhottes b'PrWgaon 31 

AJ Lamb c D’OttwJr* b Inctimora 
R A Harper a. Hick b Pridgaon 

0 J Capai b RadfOrd : . 

DJ wad run out 


p w 
6 2 

Notts i. , 

Somerset (17) 
Essex (4) . ' 
Hampshire (2) 
Gtaucs <3) 
Wares <5)_ 
Sussex (7) 


Lata (16) 
Warwicks (15} 
Darbys (12) 

D Bt 
3 U 

1 7 
3 14 

2 9 

3 16 
2 8 

1 2 10 

1 2 5 
1 1 6 

2 1 6 

0 2 4 

1 4 14 

0 S 12 

1 3 7 
0 5 7 

2 2 9 
0 3 5 

Bl Pit 

11 $7 

12 $1 
10 40 
14 30 

7 39 
10 34 

8 34 
12 33 
10 32 

12 is 

10 92 

13 20 

11 18 

9 18 
l 13 

19BS positions In brackets 

N A MaBwKJor Dot out 

Extras (bl. to 13, nb2}, 

Total (8 writs. 55 overe) ! 233 

A Writer di d not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 238. 338. 4* 
208. 5-209. 0-210. 7-211. M31. 
BOWLING: Radford 11-0-56-2: tocfmxn 
113-40-1; Pridgeort 113-43-2: Wtmon 
113-23-1; Mngworth 83333: PeM-53- 


m j wnton c FHptey b Walker _____ is 
D'fl DTMvtera not out : — _ _- r _ rrl . 

DM Smttfi not out 17 

Bctras(ttj5,w1J 6 

Total (1 wM. 202 overs) 52 

0 A Hick. *PA Neale, D N PeteL t5 J 

Rhodes. R K Umnionh, N V Radford. J D 
Umpires CR Shepherd and J H Harris. 


Faldo back 
oil the 


Nick Faldo w conrinced that 
he boa fire threshold of ending 
one o f toe imtikelter losing 
streaks in British golf. He 
into the London Standard Foot 
Stars National . Pro*Cekhnty 
tournament, starting at Moor 
PartH*atfordsltire,to^y T wg 

his monte, htefc shtr bh third 
nhw finish id the BOA 

championship three days 

If he wins it will be the first 
time that Faldo has sawared 

m uj-fi- og apace he won (he Cu 
Care Ban International two 
TCUS ago. Yet when be took that 

title 'the Ryder Gfl> phytr 

seemed the logical successor to 
Tony JacktinastheNoJ British 

golfer. He bad followed a 
spectacular seasos in Europe in 
1983s wbca be captured five 
tournaments and fin b h e d Nol 
in the Order of Merit, by 
winning the Sea Pines Heritage 
Classic on the 1984 United 
States cficaft, then crossing the 
Atlantic again to win in Britain* 

Faldo tumbled from 38th in 
the US PGA Tour money list to 
117th last year and although he 
has dawed his way bach to 73rd 
($48*513) tins season, he fe wen 
aware that he still needs to win 
more money to sedne Iris play- 
ing privileges in the United 
States next.year. 

Even so, be has co mmitte d 
himself to an extended Euro- 
pean campaign. “It’s important 
for me to do well here this 
season, 1 * Faldo said. “I was 
happy with, the way I played at 
Wentworth and I'm .looking 
forward to tins week. Playing at 
Mom- Park is Hhe being at home 
because I competed in several 
events here as a Htttfbrdshlre 
County, player. 1 * 

' Ken Brown, who won the 
Cams Trophy 'at Moor Park as 
a 17-year old amateur, defends 
■the title he won 12 months ago. 
Brown withdrew from the Whyte 
and Madcay PGA Champion- 
ship last week because of an 
iqjnry to Ms-left thumb. *Tve 
beat religiously fang it and the 
thumb is almost IDO per cent 
right,” Brown said. But this wm 
be my only appearance in Eu- 
rope before the Open 
Championship because Pm 
returning to America. 11 

Ballesteros, Xanger and Lyle, 
who all anunina appearance 
money, have declined to compete 
but only five of the le a di ng 30 
players in the c urren t Epson 
European Order of Merit are 
missing. Howard 1 Clark 
(£67,846) and the Australian 
Rodger right Davis (B4I37). 
the new PGA Champion, are 
both playing. 

However, that is no place for 
Andrew Chandler, who is cur- 
rently nlnNaHirti in the merit 
table, because he foiled to finish 
high enough ia last year’s list in 
order to qualify for this week’s 
field of 100 who are competing 
for a first prize of £21,660. 

will be test of 
Courtney’s ability 

from Darid MJBer, Mexico City 

{•corse Courtney, of England, Harry Cavan. Ireland's vice* 
HWtoSreewbat I regard asthe . prestoent and chayman jf the 
most <fififcnft matdioftirefira referees commission, admits: 
romdofthe World Clip. He will “Thcsystmn of sriectton doesn t 

bring ail the bes referees here. 
Even within Europe, this is not 
the best 19.” 

Absent arc outstanding men 
such as Prokop. of East Gcr-f" 
many. Vafennro, of Scotland 
and Vaulrot of France, But - 
Cavan insists, as FIFA always 
da before tbe kkk-ofil that the 
mfeices will be firm. We rital! 
inev 2 IC to inwrai tu wii " _ 

second round, for tfesy may well Wh y on ’ *. 

be held. to a draw in the opening World Cup referee and member 

— bj^.. » of tl« commission, has been m 

charge of the preparation* and 
the attempt to achieve confor- 
mity. “We can only- tdl them 
they must protect skilful players 

handle Mexico 

American usd< 

who have two or three ~ - - _ 
ins players and are capa ble of 
achieving a iroyor ups« agrinst 
the emotional and expectant 
hosts, who arc not aS good as 

they would like to be.. . 

It: will probably be essentia! 
for Mexico to Wm this match if 
they arc to progress to the 

match . against- Belgium, in 
which die referee is Esposito, of 
Argentina. Courtney cookl noL 
have been given » tougher task, 
and clearly the referees 1 
committee has not -taken too 
much account cif his less than 
happy handling of the European 
championship final - between 
France and Spam two years ago. 

Courtney is one of die fittest 
referees here, and has for long 
been regarded among the fore- 
front of those who control the 
game on the piicfe-Sboutd be do 
welL he -could certainly be a 
candidate for the final, assum- 
ing Mexico arid England are not 
involved. «. 

The controversy of appoint- 
ing 36 refereesfiom 36 countries 
continues to be challenged by 
those who consider. the World 
Cup should be about quality 
rather -than representation. 

and promptly deal with 
violence.”’ he says. “Wc cannot 
control them once they get on 
the field. Of course there is 8 
demand for efficiency, and who 
is to participate after the first 
round will depend on the cour- 
age shown in the first 36 _ 
matches." 1 

The commission has .gam- 
bled. for instance, with one of 
the lesser known referees. 
Bam bridge of Australia, who 
has been given the vital match 
on the second day between 
Brazil and Spain, which coukt 
well be -inflammatory and could 
see Brazil beaten. He is. rec- 
ognised for having shrewdly 
handled the under 16 final in 
China last year. 

V- ' 

Wallace joins Seville 
on one-year contract 

Seville (Reuter) - Jock Wal- 
lace, the former Rangera man- 
ager, has joined the Spanish first 
division dub,, Seville, as coach 
on a one-year contract. Wallace, 

by. mutual 
consent with seven months of 
his contract to run. He has been 
succeeded by the Scottish Worid 
Cup captain. Graeme Souness. 

Rangers will operate a new 
youth scheme next season, 
which win be dosriy watched by 
all the major dubs in Britain. 
They are able to set it up because 
the dub is now wholly owned by 
the John Lawrence Group, 
which has interests in property, 
building and other activities. 

The group will organize the 
scheme who wflt follow ' the 
pattern of the Government's 
Youth Training Scheme but 
which, they say, win be fiir more 
expensive. It is expected that 
between eight and 12 boysagpd 
16 to 18 will be taken on, with 
football training under Souness 


and his assistant, Walter Smith, 
befog the priority. But instead of 
doing only (he traditional 
groundstafrT duties, they will 
learn a trade with the Lawrence 

The group pdsonnd officer, 

Ian Elgey. who is setting up the 
scheme, said: “At the moment 
young boys at football dubs do 
not fill ail of their time during a 
working week. This scheme win *- 

change that and itshoukl appeal 
to both the boys themselves and 
(heir parents. - ^ 

• England's young footballers 
win be attempting to complete a 
third success ve win at under- 1 5 
level when they tackle Italy in 
the Smith's Crisps schoolboys 
international at Wembley on 
Sattoday. The series began in. 

1984 when England defeated' 

The Netherlands 4-0. That win 
was followed Iasi year by a 1-0 
victory over Switzerland. 

The match against Italy is the 
first between the countries at 
nnder-15 level 

•j- : * 


Southfield show their pedigree 

Southfield (received one) se- 
cured the Royal Viking Line- 
sponsored ax-dxnkka Dote of 
Saihertand's Cup with. a 9-2 
victory against Cowdray Park 
on the Ambersham No i 
Ground at Midhurst, Sussex, 

- It was a close,' open contest 
until the third chukka when 
Southfield increased their lead 
from 3-2 to 5-2,- with their 
American No3, Owen Rine- 
hart, who plays off a nine 
handicap, putting on the fourth 
of the eight goals he scored in 
the ' match. Rinehart was- then 
astride a brilliant grey. Eclipse, 

from John Yeoman's yard. , 
while Alan Kent, the Ncl 2, rode 
David Jamison's eagbtryear-old 
bay mare. Comic, which went 
on to' be awarded the prize for 
“the best playing pony of the 

In that chukka, Kent and 
Rinehart formed what seemed an irresistible duo for the 
remainder -of the contest, and 
were closely supported by their 

S atron, Yeoman, who is in his 
rst high-goal .season, and their 
stalwart lack, Jamison. 

Cowdray Park began to look 
somehwat demoralized from the 
fourth chukka onward. Their 

Brazilian pivot, Silvio Noyaes, 
never caught up with the 
Rinehart-Kent attacks and 
Withers was suffering front an 
injured back. Although Pearson 
ami doe played well up to their 
handicaps, in general the team 
incurred fer more than their 
share of fouls. 

After yesterday's perfor-' 
mance, Southfield must be fan- 
cied for the British open 

SOUTHFELOS: 1. J Yeoman (11:2. A KM 

(8). 3. 0 Rxwftan “ 

Glue (4fc 3. S Noraw (fl* Back. 


!: 1. C Pearson (3}; 2, M 




Mm Bnwws 9. Kanoff C8y flojw* 1; 
Boston Rad Sok 2, Cleveland incfcansO; Tens 
Rangers 6. Chicago White Soot 3; Mmesota 
T*te» 7, Toranw Btu* Jm E llteluiW 
League dnenutf Radi'S. Chicago CUa 4; 
PMMaMiia Phteesfl, San FtenWoo Giants 
2: NewYork Mete 8, Los Angeles Dodgam i; 
Mcnbeal Expos 5. San dtego Pm fax 4; 
Attana Bravee 6. RsssPui# Plntea 2; 
Houston Astros S. Si Louta Cordknte 4. • 


SCHOOLS’ MATCHES: Wohert u u ptm GS 
112, ’Nwcastle under Lyma 113-7:MCC 234- 
gdec. rpuntxa 213 (T MacMten 15B: MGC 
m* fGovar 103). -Oauramyt 147-6; -8ed- 
tod 174-4. Si Fater 1 * Gcflana. MaMde 135- 
0: PomtTOlm. MataidaiuhB dac, *Fei«ad 
130-7; MGC 224-5. -Ubmar Upper 2007 

‘Home iobti 


SWIBSLKGUE: La-CW-d^Fonda a Lau- 
wnflfl 4: arahopper ZwVcfta Grandwn 0: 
Unama < M 0; SI GaOen 1. Aarau 2 
— ai. Baden 1i Vowoj Z NauduW 
i to Watfingan 1, Skm 2; V “ 

1, FCZuiSaj 

Xamtet 2:1 

Young Boys 


Seabrooke succumbs 

By a Special Comspomlent 

The heavyweigfat Seabrooke’s 
run of championship success 
was halted on the opening day of 
the Royal Bath and West Show 

eroay when the top award in 
the Ridden Hunter classes went 
to Gems Signet Bloodstock 
Limited's The Gahdyman, win- 
ner of the novice class, ridden by 
Robert Oliver. 

Tbefirst jumping class of the 
show, the Cockburn Special 
Reserve Stakes, with a first prize 
of £l,0QQ, became a contest of 
youth . versus experienc&The - 
showjumper, John 

Greenwood's young daughter; 
Gillian set the target with a dear 
on Mon Santa in 36.45sec. 

Three horses fruited, then Da- 
vid Broome, on Royale, cfo the 
corners to such good effect' that 
he finished dear in 36.31. " 

RESULTScCockbum Special 
Stakes: l. Hams Carpels SI 
Team, Royals. D Broome; 2. J . 
and A ftwton, Mon Sana. G Greenwoods 
3. J Bsher. Hasty BdL Champkxi teddu 
Haiter. Gem Signet Hoodafcx* Urtod. 
The Candym a o; R Tngg. Ctaatdc 
TateSmafl Huntar BmdtegfMnt P Jack- 
son. Maknoma Conundrum; Res. Mr* J 
Kay. Doctor Doodate. Chunplan tloteBr 
— Mr and Mrs R J QwrtegUR. 

« R Tallow. Doopon. 

Ctamplon Pue-Bred Arab: J V WBcm. 
Bajezrth; Rea. Min W Luscontoe.Cnqtf 
Cmsedar. Champion Aagloor PaiWid 
Arab: Mr and Mrs J A Pans. lnoae/f 
Rhapaody In Blur KbsSTanule uSSu 
L Ttonpte. Roedaan Song if Owiee. 


Mmnoum 3. OHdanham 0: The Law r. 
Bentwood 2: Stamtort 3. FbUbH ft Bc«w a. 

2 ; Utynwr Upper Z. St Atoons 1: raj 

2. King Hmri VH. Covanby i: 

Mwtftagi Tapora 1 2; Monmouth Q. S?new- 
bury 3: B ta n u w XK l 1 . Stf X u rd 2. 


TOW MATCH: Western Transvaal 18. Now 

zaatadxvas. ■ 


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PSlSlH: J Kriekll® 
to 6-1. 6-3. 5-7. 6-3: G W 
teoMjCan). 7-6, 6-2. 

■temxidnxxtt SGnfpwet 
3-1. 8-1; C Bassett (CteitbtP 
Be, e^;CForwfcfc(vre)ttp 
■MU Mi M Psz 
[7-S. 6-0; L Gartane 
I (US. 63. 73: L 


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f-i; T Harxmn M M SdnMd, S3. 6-1; B 
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Loaw ma a. 6 - 1 . S-l. OrW M 

M H LocMmrt 6-4, S3 S 
Worhon. 6 - 2 . 63 v Oraom 

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Zm W, D" 1 | 




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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Christopher Davalle 

v v. 

- r conn 

::: sss 


J ' _ Hi’ l|*n 

> i : V I ! V»S».» 

: ft V 


BBC 1 

6 JM Ceefax AM. News 

headlines, weather, travel 
and sports bulletins. 

&50 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Sefina ScotL 
Weather at 6SS, 7.25, 

* .7.55, &25 and &55; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at &S7.7.27, 

1£1 and 8L27; national and' 
international news at 7.00, 
7.30, 8 JJO, &30 and 94K); 

’ -Sport at 7.20 and BJB; and 

- a review of the morning 

- newspapers at &S7. Plus. 

: ZoeBrown’s teenage 

report and Richard 
. Smith's 'phone-m medical 

The Parent Progr a mme. 

~ Dealing with bad 

behaviour is the subject of 

this edition in the series 
, oncoptng with the under- 
fives. Presented by 
_ .- Francis Wilson and Miriam 
;■ D'Reily 936 Ceefax 10.30 
... Play School, presented by 

. . Brian Jameson with guest 

- : Liz Watts. (r)1(L50 
• . Ceetax: 

1.00 News After Noon with 
“ Richard Whitmore and 
" Moira Stuart, indudes 
news headlines with 
• subtitles 1J25 Regional 

- news. The weather atetaKs 
' ' come from John Katttey 

' 1.30 Hofcey Cokey. A See- 
1 - n Saw programme tar the 
very young, with Chloe 
Ashcroft and Don 
Spencer. (r) 

1i«5 international 
: " Showjumping from 
■ * - Hickstead. The Everest 
Double Glazing Stakes, 
with commentary by 
.. Raymond Brooks-ward 

• - . ana Stephen Hadley. 332 
... Regional news. 

,335 Gran, narrated by Patricia 

- Hayes, tr) 4-00 Lay On 
Five with FloeUa Benjamin 
and Robin Stevens 4.15 
Laurel and Hardy in a 
cartoon entitled Termite 
Mite 430 Professor 

J s Problems- (r) 

• Dungeons and 
Dragons, (r) 

News round presented by 
Roger Finn 5.05 Blue 
Peter. Peter Duncan is 400 
■ ■ feet above street level 
when he helps to place 
dish antennae on the top 
. ~ of the Telecom Tower in 

~ London. (Ceetax} 

535 Go for K! How have the 
Bull family from Usk fared 
in their fight for fitness? 

• And the story of two 

, - elderty people who took 

- • up classical ballet in order 

- to exercise. (Ceefax) 

’ 6.0Q News with Nicholas ■ 

%• WitcheH and Andrew 
1 ' *■ ■ ' Harvey. Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

730 Top Of the Pops 

introduced by John Peel 
and Janice Long. 

- -730 BastEnders. Debs 

receives an ultimatum; the 

* lades darts team from the 
Queen Vic travel to an 

. . away game; and Michete 

- - makes a new friend in 

hospital. (Ceefax) 

; -830 Tomorrow’s World from 
Hlghgrove House, 
Gloucestershire, where 
Prince Charles presents 
the 1986 Prince of Wales 
...Award for Industrial _ 
Innovation arid 
Production. The names of 
tha six finalists in the 1987 
competition, are also 
announced. • 

830 Mexico 86. The 

background to the World 
Cup. - - 

.930 News with Julia Somervffle 
; and John Humphry®. - 

930 Bread. Comedy series, 

: • . written by Carta Lane, 
about a particularly fly 
scouse family, coping fri 

- an inspired way with the 

vagaries of • . - . 

unemployment. Starring 

- Jean Boht, Jonathon 

’ Morris, Victor McGuire 
and GHIy Coman. 

1030 Question Time from 
, , . King's School. 

• ... Canterbury. Sir Robin 

Day's guests are Becky 

- - Bryan, Sir James 

Cleminson and MPs Bryan 
Gould end Edward Heath. 
1130 Summer of 66. Highlights 
of Russia's matches 
against West Germany 
and Portugal in the 1966 

* World Cup. Introduced by 
John Motson. 

1135 Weather. 


6.15 Good 

Morning Britain 
Tted by Anne 

I and Henry Kelly. 

News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at 630, 730, 
730, 830, 830 and 930; 
sport at&40 and 7-34; 
exercises at 635; cartoon 
jat 735; pop video at 735; 
Jenl Barnett's postbag at 
' 830; Wacaday from 9.03 
includes Wincey WWis with 
a new board game. 


935 Thames news headlines 
fotfowedtwfi&Tt The Big 
Job* (1900) storing 
Sidney James. George 
Brain, the mastermind of a 
robbery tac which he and 

his gang are eventually 
•• - jailed, is content in the 
knowledge that the loot 
has not been found. On tus 
release he teams that the 
hollow tree in which he 
had secreted the money is 
now situated in the 
backyard of a police 
station. Directed by Gerald 
Thomas 1035 Cartoon 
Time 11.05 FtaebaB XL5*. 

1130 About Britain. The 

celebrations on Alderney 
marking 40 years of 

1230 Tales from Fat Tulip’s 
Goiden. 0712.10 Puddle 
Lane (r) 12.30 The 
- Suttvans. 

130 News at One with Carol 
Barnes 130 Thames 

130 HoteL Two of this week’s 
i at the swish St 
/s are a lawyer 
andbis assistant who are 
preparing to defend a 
wealthy client 235 Home 
Cookery Club. Tasty Pork 

Hot Pot ' 

230 Something to Treasure. 
Geoffrey Bond and Brian 
Inglis examine 
commemorative items 
produced for Edward Vlll’s 
coronation that never was. 
What are they worth? 

330 U ni vers i ty Chattangc. 335 
Thames news headlines 
330 Sons and Daughters. 

430 Tales From Fat Tulip's 
Garden (r) 4.10 The 
Blunders. 430 Treasures 
of the MndtonL Inter- 
school computer quiz, 
i) 4.45 The Littla 

5.15 Thames Sport Brian . 
Moore previews the World 
Cup Finals; Simon Reed is 
at the National Pro- . . 
Celebrity tournament at 
Moor Park Golf Club; and 
' John McCririck looks 
forward to next week’s 

545 News wftfrAiastair 
Stewart 630 Thames 

g 85 Crossroads. 

730 Emmeidaie Farm. Doily 
decides to discuss having 
another child with 
husband Matt Skrtbeck. 

730 Never the Twain. Comedy 
series starring Donald 
Sinden and Windsor 
Davies as rival antique 
dealers, (r) 

830 F3m: Biffion Dofiar Threat 
(I979)starring Date 

• . . . Robinette, Ralph BeUamy. 

_. . and Patrick Macnee. 

American secret sevice 
adventure about a 
mMtoxtare who is intent on 
becoming a bilKonaira by 
holding the world to 
ransome. Directed by Barry 

930 TV Eye: Ore-Man's 

. ; Terrorist Pater Gill 
reports on the political 
battle between those who 
support America’s plans 
to extradite IRA terrorists, 
and those who oppose the 
proposed new treaty.- . 

1030 News at Ten with Afastair 
Burnet and Sandy Gall. 

1030 Who’s the Greatest? 
Comparing the' merits of 
too [baite rs George Best 
and Kevin Keegan. 

1130 Alfred Hitchcock 

Presents: Prisoners. An 
" escaped convict strikes up 
a relationship with the 
woman of the house in 
which he is hiding. 

11.30 Six Centuries otV 
1934-1984, the final 


ram me of the series, 
wood. The 
ape stars of the silver 



1235 Night Thoughts. 

•PARIS, TEXAS (Channel 4, 
930pm) was written by an 
American, Sam Shepard, and 
directed bya German, Wim 
Wenders. The blending of 
German and American cultures 
(further reflected in the 
leafing players. Nastassja Kinski 
and Hairy Dean Stanton) 
gives the movie much of its 
resonance. Though set in 
America, and about America, 
Pans, Texas Is an outsider's 
view and those familiar with 
Wenders's work wiu know 
that one of his constant themes 
is the collision between the 
old worid and the new. Stanton 
plays a man who has been 
missing, presumed dead, for four 

Jo- Anne (leftjand Chris: Open 
- Spacemen BBC2, 1030pm 

family roots. ! 
performance, laconic and deeply 
etched, came after more than 


50 films as a little noticed 
supporting player and Kinski, 
sporfmg a Woods wig and a 
perfect southern accent, 
gives further evidence of her 
rapid maturity as an actress. 
Pans, Texas is a film of 
undercurrents rather than 
action, constantly digging 
beneath its deceptively placid 

(BBC2, 1030pm) is a remarkable 
film in the Open Space series 
which goes into franker and 
more painful detail than ever 
before on television about the 
agonies of a sex change. Had 
the programme been produced 
by a Desmond Wilcox. It 
would be denounced as an 
unwarrantable intrusion into 

private grief. In fact it was made 
at the request of its subject. 

Jo was given away as a baby, 
joined the navy at 17 and 
came to realise that he was not 
developing as a normal man. 
When he started to grow breasts, 
ha was given tablets for them 
and ton they would go away. In 
the navy he was pickBd on 
and humiliated. Doctors were 
little help, stuffing him with 
drugs that left him brutalised. He 
married and 25 years later is 
still married, his partner. 
Christine, having remained 
with him during his transition to 
Jo- Anne. Though hardly a 
conventional marriage, it is in its 
way a triumph, of love over a 
callous and uncomprehending 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2 

6.65 Open University: The Real 
World. Ends at 730. 

930 Ceetax. 

1230 Deasfon-making in 
Britain. An Open 
University production 
examining the 
government’s proposals 
to Introduce Education 
Vouchers. 1SL55 Ceetax. 

230 You and Me. For four- and 
five-year olds, presented 
by Sheila Chitnis. (r) 

2.12 Ceetax. 

535 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

530 Secret Nature. This fifth 
programme in Andrew 
Cooper’s series on the 
natural history of a Devon 
farm examines the uses of 
stonewalls and the flora 
and fauna that lives on 
them, (r) 

630 Mission Impossible. The 
undercover team do battle 
with a photographer who 
threatens a ctty. Starring 
Petar Graves, Martin 
' Landau and Barbara Bain. 

630 Eureka. Another In the 
series of lighthearted 
dramatizations about the 
invention of everyday 
things, including, this 
week, the teddy bear and , 
the football goal net 

730 Tradewktds. This second 
and final programme in the 
series on the last days of 
schooners deals with the 
men and the ships that 
regularly took the 
hazardous Cape Horn 
route to the Pacific ports 
of South America where 
rich pickings could be had 
in canylng cargoes of 
guano back to the South 
Wales ports . 

830 Brass Tacks. A foflow-up 
to last week's programme 
in which the man in the . 
Belfast omnibus was 
asked what he thought of 
Northern Ireland’s 
relationship with the 
mainland. Tonight it is the 
turn of the politicians, and 
facing a studio audience 
are Peter Robinson, 

Martin Smyth and John 

930 The Clairvoyant Arnold's 
sura-fire car-selling 
technique has 
disappeared since he 
.. began to believe he could 
. - -pradictlhe future. How win 
he halt the slump in sales? 

; Starring Roy Kirmear. 

930 Moonfighting. The first in a 
new series of comedy 
drama series about an in- 
matched pair of Los 
Angeles private 
detectives. Tonii 
are asked to find the 
estranged son of an old 
man. Starring Cybfll 
Shepherd and Bruce 
• Willis. • 

1030 Open Space: It’s Catted 
• • Jo-Anna. The story of a 
transsexual who, after 
living tor 15 years with a 
woman as a man, had an 
operation to become a 
woman. They have now 
been together for more 
than a quarter of a 
century, (see Choice) 

1030 Newsnigtrt. The latest 

national and international 
news inducting extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 

1135 Weather. 

11.40 Open University: 

Weekend Outiook 1145 
The Plough and the Hoe. 
Ends at T2.15. 


2.35 Him: It Should Happen To 

Jade Lemmon. Romantic 
comedy about an 
unemployed model who 
blows her savings cat 
having her name plastered 
on a giant New York 
biHboard thereby 
becoming an instant 
celebrity. Directed by 
George Cukor . 

4.10 FBm: Tassels kt the Air* 

ling havoc i 
mansion they are 
supposed to be 
renovating. Directed by 
Charley CTiase. 

430 Countdown. The number 
five seed, Peter Scott, 
meets David White, 
seeded number four. 
Richard Whrtsiey is the 

530 ram: This Gun For Ifire* 
(1942) starring Alan Ladd, 
Veronica Lake and Laird 
Cregar. A young ‘hit-man’ 
is hired to kin two people. 
When the kifler discovers 
that he has been paid in 
stolen money he sets out 
to klU his former employer. 
Based on the novel by 
Graham Greene, and 
directed by Frank Tuttle. 

630 Union World investigates 
the different political 
complexions of the 
Wapping pickets. 

730 Channel Four News with 
Alastair Burnet and Sandy 
GaU, includes a report on 
the Peacock Committee’s 
investigation into the 
future of British 

730 Comment. With his views 
on a topical matter is 
Richard Sandbrook, vice- 
president of the 
International Institute for 
Development Weather. 

830 Waridwise Reports. How 
residents, farmers, 
landowners and foresters 
are re-thinking the way 
they use the countryside. 
With reports from 
Scotland, the Lake 
District Hereford and 

830 Chto Mix, presented by 

_ _.BazBamigboya_and . 

Smiley Culture. The guests 
indude Clive Lloyd, Eartha 
Kitt. Carol Kenyan, Shift 
and Zed and Craig Charles. 

930 The Orchestra. Jufian Joy- 
Chagrin plays the silent 
rote of a conductor who 
has been smitten by the 
orchestra’s lady flautist. 

930 Flint on Foik Paris, Texas 
(1984) starring Harry Dean 
Stanton, Nastassia Kinski 
and Dean Stock well. A 
widely acclaimed film 
about a man who appears 
from nowhere on the 
Mexico border in Texas. 

He is in a confused state 
and taken to the local 
clinic where he is found by 
his brother. Missing for 
some tkne the man was 
thought dead but he . 
begins to pick up the 
pieces by starting to look 
tar his family. Directed by 
Wim Wenders, (see 

12.05 Walking te a Sacred 
Manner* A documentary 
recreating the physical 
and imaginative world of 
the Norm Amrican Indians. 
Directed by Stephen 
Cross. Ends at 1235. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
Of Radio 4. 

535 am Shipping 630 News 
Briefing; Weather 8.10 
Farming Today 835 Prayer 
For The Day (s) 

630 Today, md B30. 730. 

830 News Summary. 

645 Business News. 635, 
735 Weather. 73. 83 
Today's News. 73S, 835 
Sport. 745 Thought for 
the Day. 

e Papers. The 
arts of an 

usband. Written 

and read by Brian Wright (4) 
837 weather Travel 

930 News 

935 In Business. Pater Smith 
reports from the 
business world. 

930 The Natural History 

. A visit to the 


1030 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts reports on 
the health of medical care. 

1030 Morning Story: The 
Miracle, by Alexander 

1045 An Act Of Worship (s) 

1130 News; Travel: Analysis. 

David Wheeler examines 
how the Government in 
Jakarta prepares to save 
the Indonesian economic 

1148 Time For Verse 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice. 

1237 first Night Impressions 
Robert Cushman 
presents a personal view of 
the British theatre during 
1973-1984 (s) 1235 Weather 

130 The world At Ora: News 

140 The Archers 135 

230 News; Woman's Hour, 
Including listeners' 
cookery questions answered 
by Valentina Harris. 

3.00 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Strike -Earty 
Doors, by MichaelToftfs) 

430 News 

435 Bookshelf with Hunter 

435 Kaleidoscope (last 
niaht's edition) (ri 

me 530 


830 News: financial Rs. 

630 Brain of Britain 1986 (s) 

730 News 

7.05 The Archers 

730 Any Answers? 

740 Bitter Harvest A look at 
British and European 
agriculture, a victim of its 
own success. 

930 Does He Take! 

Magazine tor d 

festeners and thee famlfies. 

930 The Archive Auction. 

8.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
preview of the Royal 
Academy Summer 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

Three Short Stories, by 
Elizabeth Bowan (2) Her 
Table Spread. 1039 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Gentlemen's Clubs. Ray 
D'Arcy meets and talks 
to members about the rate of 
gentlemen's clubs in the 
Be of Liverpool. 

1230 News: Weather 12.33 

VHF (available te England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 53&63Qam Weather; 
Travel 135-230pm 
Listening Corner 530-S35 
PM (continued) 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 
1130 Organic Chemistry 
1130 Pofiey Making in 

C Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 


635 Weather 730 News. 

735 Morning Concert. 

Rossini (Overture: 

Tancredi), Sarasete 
(Zigeunerwetsen. with 
Anne- Soph is Mutter, violin). 
Balakirev (Oriental 
Fantasy: Islamey, with Shura 
Cherkassky, piano). Bliss 
(Music for Strings). 8.00 

835 Morning Concert (com). 
Handel (Mi palpita il cor. 
with Emma Kirk by. Soprano), 
Wiren (Serenade), Faure 
Sonata No 2. Op 108. with 
Pierre Amoyal. violin, and 
Anne Oueffelec. piano). 930 

935 This Week's Composer. 
Haydn: Esterhaza 1779- 
81 . Sin ton ra: La FedeftS 
Premiata (Chamber 
Orchestra of 

Quarter in D. Op 33 No 6; 
Sonata m G (H XVI 39) 
with Walter Ktien (piano): 
Quartet in E. Op 33 No 2 
(The Joke). 

1030 Fire and Thett. Britten's 
Young Apollo, Op 16 No 
6 , tor piano, string quartet 
and string 
orchestral Peter 
Don oboe. piano); 

Scriabin's Prometheus: The 
Poem of fire. Op 60. with 
Wolfgang Saschowa (piano): 
Henze's Symphony No 3. 

1130 The Piano Music of 
Faure. with Antony 
Peebles (piano). Barcarolle 
No 9. in A minor. Op 101: 
impromptu No 5. in F sharp 
minor. Op 102; Nine 
Preludes, Op 103. 

11.35 Six Continents. Foreign 
monitored by the BBC. 

1135 Komgoidand 
Beethoven; BBC 

Philharmonic Orchestra, 
cond Gyorgy Label, plays 
Komgold’s Symphonic 
Serenade for string 
orchestra and Beethoven's 
Symphony No 1 , te C 
major. 130 News 

1.05 Bristol Lunchtime 
Concert Live relay. 

Albion Ensemble plays 
Mozart's Andante in F (K 
618); Francalxs Wind 
Quintet Janacek's Mladi. 

2.00 Shostakovich: Cello 
Sonata in D minor. Op 

40. Arturo Bonuti (cello) and 
John Blakely (piano). 

230 Giuditta. Lenar's musical 
play sung in German, 
conducted by WiHI 
Boskovsky with Edda 
Moser in me title rote. 435 

530 Mainly tor Pleasure, with 
Paul Riley. 

630 Banstand. (Ml Yorkshire 
Imperial Band plays 
works by Peter Graham, 
Elgar Howarth and Carl 

7.00 Something to be Said. 

Alan Brownjohn's critical 
appreciation of me work of 
Philip Larkin. 

745 Royal Liverpool 

Philharmonic Orchestra, 
cond Marak Janowski, with 
Jorge Botet (piano). Part 
1 : Weber’s Overture: Der 

Rachmaninov's Piano 
Concerto No 3. in D 

645 Major Sea Crossing. 
Rachmaninov's tourney 
from Russia to America, 
when he was battling 
with me composition of the 
3rd piano concerto. 

935 Royal Liverpool PO (part 
2). Sibelius's Symphony 
No 4. In A minor. 

930 London Oboe Band. 

Pierre Prowos Concerto 
in C, for two recorders, two 
oboes and two 

1030 Ptene Boulez. The 
South-West German 
Radio Symphony Orchestra 
plays R8spons, for six 

soloists, computar- 
□enereted sounds and 
five electronics. 

1030 Northern Sinfonia. cond 
Erich Schmid, with Linda 
Hirer (mezzo-soprano). 
Handel's Overture: 

Almira: EHfifl Taafe ZwfltiCh’S 
i and Variations; 
i's UTramonto; 

1137 . 


Urinter , 

Arts: Facts and Value. 

arty. Open 

ersfty from 6. 25-6. 55am. 

C Radio 2 ) 

430am Charles Novo (s) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 930 Ken Bruce (s) ted at 
9.40 Cricket Benson and Hedges 
Cup Sami-final draw. 11.00 
Michael Aspai (s) ted food 
Information from Tony De 
Angela. 135 David Jacobs (s) 235 
Gloria Hunmford (s) 330 David 
Hamilton (s) 535 John Dunn 730 
Wally Whyton introduces 
Country Club (s) 930 Rhythm and 
Blues. Vintage R & B tracks, 
reviews of recent releases (s) 935 
Sports Desk 1030 Barrymore 
Plus Four. New comedy series 
starring Michael Barrymore. 

1030 Star Sound Extra, weakly 
film magazine. 1130 Joan 
Bakawal presents Round Midnight 
1 -OOam Peter Dickson | 

Nightride (s) 330-430 , 

Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

530am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates's Mammoth Mail 
Coach Drive 1230 Newsbeat with 
Steve Armett 1245 Gary Davies 
330 Mike Read 530 Newsbeat 
with Steve Annett 545 Bruno 

Brookes 730 Janee Long 10.10- 
1230 Andy Kershaw (s) VHF 
Radios 1 i 2> 430am As Radio 2. 

10.00pm As Radio 1 . 1230- 
430pm As Radio 2. 


630 News 630 Natur^ NOatXJOk M0 
Farming work! 730 News 739 Twe«y- 
Four Horn 730 The Pop Press 745 
Network UK 830 News B.l5Couitiy Style 
830 John PeH 830 News 939 Review of 
the Bniish Press 9.15 The World Today 
930 Fmanoal News 84 Conversations 
Atxwt Literature 1030 News 1031 Robert 
Tears Vkaonen Songbook 1130 News 
1139 News About Britain 11.15 New 
ideas 1135 A Letter from England 1130 
Assignment 1230 Redo Newsreel 12.15 
Top Twenty 1245 Sports Round-up 130 
News 1.09 Twenty-Four Hoirs 130 
Network UK 1.45 The Waltz Kra 230 
News 231 Outlook 245 The Best of 
Bnosh 330 Redo Newsreel 3.15 The 
Pleasure's Yours 430 New9 439 Corn. 


Twenty-Four Hou 
ra 930 News 931 

Book Choice 936 

In The Meantime 9.15 A Jolly Good Show 
World Today 1035 
A Letter from England 1030 Financial 

1030 News 1039 The I 

News 1040 Reflections 1045 Sports 
Rotmd-up 1130 News 1139 Commentwy 
IMS Merchant navy Pro m mma 1130 
Naurs Notebook 1140 *TTie Farming 
World 1230 News 1239 News About 
Bntan 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1230 Music 
Now 130 News 131 Outlook 130 The 
Waltz King 145 Book Choice 130 In the 
Meentane 230 News 239 Review o> the 
British Press 2.15 TaMmg About Music 
3.00 News 3.09 News About Bream 3.15 
The World Today 445 Financial News 
435 Reflections 530 News 539 Twenty- 
Fore Hours 545 The World Today. Ati 
times in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Ratio 1:1Q53fcHz/285m:1089kHz/275m; Ratio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433rm Ratio 3: l2l5kHz/247m: VHF -9£ 
923; Ratio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1152kHz/26lm; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/2D6m: VHF 943; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

RDfH WALES 53S-630pa 
PP V 1 WMB& Today. 63S-T3Q Gar- 

11.40 News 


Domman635piW-730 Reporting 
I050an»-T.00pm International Crick- 
et (Iratend v India) 535-540 Today's 
Sport 540-630 Inude Ulster 835- 
730 Go For It! 1135-1140 News end 
Weather ENGLAND 635pfO-730 Re- 
gional News Magazines 


programmes as for BBC 2 Lon- 
don axoepr for - 2. 15pn^fi35 and 
S30pn*630 International Cnckat (Ireland 
v India). 


1035 Cartoon 1035 Prizawtoiars 
1135-1130 Captain Scarlet IT" 

Lunchtime 130-230 Man Inal 

esse 330-430 Country Wm 5.1HL45 
MTrere Strokes 630 Good Evanhc 
Ulstre 835-635 Pe** Sta 730430 A- 
Teem 830 New the Twain 930330 
Alfred HSchcock Presents 1030 Counter- 
point 1130-1130 Bingham’s Bora m 
Msdco 1135 Moviemakers 1225am 
News, Closedown. 

tand 930 Utfle Rascafc 1030-1130 
Hint Hopelessly Lost 1230pm-130Con- 
tact l30News 130-230 The Barett 
5.16445 Canctid Camara 630 Cross- 
roads 835-730 News 830 FWoon 
Crest 930-930 Alfred Hitchock Presents 
1035 Central ipbby 1135 Six Centu- 
ries of verse 1136 Jess* IS 


1035 Three Musketeers I 
635 Wales at Stic 1030 Wales Tha Week 
1135 CAVE Student Film Awards 
11 30-1230am Sa Centuries of verse. 


1030 Matt 6 Jenny 1055 DoneldH 
Puck 1136-1130 Orphans ol the W8d 
130-230 Home Cookery 136 Falcon 
GP 5.15546 


Jenny 1055 Di 
me Cookery 1J 

Crest 3 30-4 00 CountryGP 5.15 
Connections 630A35ChennBl Re- 
port 1030 Putting on ihe South 11.15 Six 
Oantrefee of Verse rt 45 That's Hol- 
lywood 12.1 Sara Untouchables 1.16 
ooaedow n. 

TYMF TFF55 ** London s*- 
-LUSE-LESS cepe 935 News 930 
Sesame Street 1030 NMue of 
ThmgB 1130-1130 Cartoon 130pa 
News 135 Lookaround 130-230 
The Baron 5.1 5-545 Pariore Game 630- 
B3S Northern L0a 930 Falcon Crest 
930-930 Alfred Mtchcock Presents 
103Z Great TMtirStore 1130- 
1130 Who s the Greeteet? 1230 MBdta- 
tiona, Ctosedown. 

HTV WEST* MPtftg^News. 

Three Musketeers 1 035 Staamooat 
Bill 1040-1130 La Louvre 130pm News 
1 30-235'Coumry Practice S.15-S45 
DWterrr Strokes 630635 News 730 
Falcon Crest 830 Never the Twain 
3.00-930 Alfred Hitchcock Presents 
1030 Weekend Outlook 1035 John 
Leach at Home 1135 CaBtoma Highway 
1 1 35 S« Centuries of Verse 
1235am Closedown. 

RORDER As London except 
PWIUCH 22SOT Sesame Street 

1030-1130 Film: Big Chance 
130pm News 130-230 The 8aron 330- 
430 Young Doctors 5.15-545 Can- 
did Camera 630-635 Lookaround 730 T 
J Hooker 830 Never the Twain 930- 
930 Alfred Hitchock Presents 1030- 
1130 V 1230 Closedown. 


Street 1035 Looks FemMar 11.' 10- 
1130 GuBver 130pm News 130 
Bodykne 135-230 Simon and Simon 
330430 WNskere and War Nosas 5.15- 
545 Connections 630335 News 
and Scotland Today 730-730 Take the 
Hgh Road 830 Facon Crest 930- 
930 AHrad Hltcnock Presents 1030 
Who's the Greatest? 1130 Crime 
Oesfc 1135 Six Centuries ot verse 1135 
LateCaB 11.40 Studio One In Con- 
cert 12.1 Own Closedown. 

TSW As London except 10LS5am 
-■ Max the Mouse 1135-1130 
Fireball XL5 130pm News 130-230 
The Baron 5.15-545 Blockbusters 630 

Today South West B30 Falcon crest 
730 Fan Guy 930 Never the Tv “ 

930 Alfred Hitchcock Presents 

1032-1130 Koiak 1230 New 
5quadronairss 1230am Postscript. 

C4 p Stans: 1.00pm Coimtdown 

130 Ratabalam 145 Eisteddfod 
430 Haimer awr Fwy 530 1 Dream ot 
Jeannte 630 Brookside 630 Double Pi- 
quet 7.00 Newyddon Saith 730 Ei- 
steddfod B35 Dinas 935 HIU Street Blues 
1030 FBrt Due la Fere Commence 
1215aai Ctosedown. 

TUQ As London except 938am 
-Lsis Sesame Saeet 1030 Matt and 
Jenny 1036 Donald Duck 11 35- 
1130 Orphans of the WHd 130pm News 
130 Home Cookery 135-230 Falcon 
Crest 530-430 Country OP 5.15-545 
Connections 630-635 Coast to 
Coast 1030 Putting an the South 11.15 
Six Centimes ol Verse 1145 That's 
Untouchables 1.15 Company. 


1030 Cartoon 1035 Captain Scarlet 
11.00-1130 Jacksons 130pm News 
130-230 Falcon Crest 5.15-545 
Cottnecoons 8M35 About Angka 730- 
730 Aftythirw Goes B30 Minder 
930-930 Alfred Hitchock Preaents 1030- 
1130 indoor Bonds 1230 Live From 
Wilebskrs 1230em Beitop's Move. 

GRAMPIAN l^ndon ax- 

HCSlSElSf^capt 935am First 
Thing 930 Sesame Street 1035 Matt 
and Jenny 1030 Smmfs 11.05-1130 
Short Story Theatre 130pm News 
130-230 Man in a Suitcase 5.15-545 
Connections 030-635 North Tonight 
730 Who's the Greatest? 730 Falcon 
Crest 830 Never tee TWam 930-9J0 
Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1030 Dreams 
1 130 Six Cemun as of Verse 1130 
About Gaehc 1230 Lwng and Growing 
1230wit News. Ctosedown. 

GRANADA A* London ex- 
UIWIWUH cept 9J6am Granada 
Reports 930 Fttm; The Cant (Alec 
GixnnesB) 1130 Man and jenny 1135- 
1230 Grenada Repons 130pm Gra- 
nada Reports 130-235 Smon 5 Simon 
330430 Young Doctors 5.15-545 
Draame 830 Grenada Reports 630-835 
This is Your Right 730 CMd'S Ray 
830 Falcon Crest 9.00-930 Alfred Hitch- 
cock Presents 1030-1130 Mike 
Hammer 1230 Party With tee Rovers 
1230am Closedown 


me Street 1035 Wid world of 
1.00 Calmtoar Lunchtane Live 130 
News 130-230 Carson's Law 5.15-545 
Survival 8.00-635 Calendar 730 TJ 
Hooker 830 Never the Twain 930-930 
Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1030- 
1130 Hotel 1230 Oft the Rack 1230am 



pjorerorui 698 8796/658 18091 . 
__ Toni 7.15 CtiSO with Suaon 
RaUi* cone. John Mj Piano. 


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-.mmrnx ist jwe wh « 
-tickets evafUMe. T«t Ol 328 
0938 alter 6 SOCTO. 
tlUEOi BUZAHmt Wll Q l 
.. . «8 5191 CC W MJO. 

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MOO-Sal JO* Sundays Z30-® 

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9Mc will also tor on tw ZBtliand 

3*h MW and wiJav to - 
a 30pm sae oarw Tues day 3 rd 
June al lOJOara and 2.30pm. 

The National Museum of An A 
Dnion. S. KeratnoMO- 
- % ’ . JO - S-50 Suns. 2-30 -630. 

dosed Fridays WeWd efl O do 

-on soenal ranudnons * ««» 
-'tn- sai-aaoa. 

■■ The National Museum of Art A 
. ooo». S. Ki u w n o rnn . Wvt 
to - & SO Suns *30 - MO. 
. -CM05 Fridays. Rwrorard Wo 
. an soociar extutoruora *■ dw i ws w 
. BI 


eOUWBM 5 830 310 1 CC TOO 

EHOtiti HATW W SAL Orta tA 
.Tout 7 30 PM rwjmgpm^ 
a Tmmt 7 00 Jhm It ■■II rn 

wuh me Lo nds o n "" fjf 

Garden. WC2. 01-240 
1066/1911. CCSStamBuy Info 
01436 6903. MOO Sal i gam- 
SpnL 65 amnw sMiaafaN ftwn 
lOara on tee day Tickets: Op- 
era from C7.BO. BaBe! Aom 

tot?" tornor 7.30 The jagd 
IMM Romeo and Janet. Bates 
casting Infra Qi-zso 96 IS. 

SADLER'S WELLS 278 8916. 


June n 1 "!® 


ADELPHI 836 7611 or 940 7013 
/« CC 74X 9999 836 73858/ 379 
6033 Gro Sales 930 6123 CC 
StVELY wun Fin* on on 240 
7200 W Hr 7 Days 



k»Wly ai 7.30 Mats Wed at 230 

tw«: oklv 1 LMm aKM-rvz 
even KMKJTED' SpeCttoKO- 

ALKOIT Ol 836 3878 OC 379 
6S65CC 379 6433 ftW Stem 
836 3962. UNTIL 26TH JULV 


Ever Lain - 



E>w 8 Mats Thor * Sat 4.30 

CC 379 6233. tend Cad 24ti» 
cc oi-a«i'7aoa E«re,7 30. 
Mat W«W 2-30- Sat 4 . 0 A aft 



wun airMtopntr rnjtoed 


, West SL WC2. 

Ol B 36 6111 CC 0183611 71 

/T« 9999. Oral cmaw wo c 
days 34br» tee. bW feci Ocouto 
Sates Off 9306123 ManTN" « 
as m m a sat emnA bas. 
ttHAWtc or coeSm presms 


A aertmnful comedy- 

Av. 437 36 6S. dj ajte ge. r im 
Cad Ol 240 7200. ore. 6MM-G1 
6125- Eves 8pm. Sat . Mats 


"A ' ‘ 

SSr JUggJigrS 

Mall . 



APOLLO ItEAllE 417 26631 

paul seoreu 


OC 630 6362 -nctcetmiattr CC 

379 6433 First CWI rrl24hrt 240 
7200 Orp Sates 930 6123 EVM 
7.45 Mats Toe * Sal 30 


n utin m ar D Exp 


Music bv 

Lyrics by rocHARD sttlcoe 
D treded toy TREVOR NUNN 



CC * Croups Ol 73 * 4287. Ot 
437 D772. 


The TUun 

LENNON .. - . 

A eetetoraeon or the Mfe and music 
of John Lennon 


Additional Mat Son mfl. Eras 
Tues M Sat Bft Ms» Sat « Sun 


BARBICAN Ol 028 8795/638 
8891 OC iMonew tosm-apm) 

2.00 * 7.30 THE MERRY 
Mon A To re 730 . Sal 2.00 4 

Pam Gems mens 4 Jubrj 

THE -PIT Mdter 8. 004 .7 30 

PHIL STINES toy team to 

. kv. m. mop * Tries 7 30. Sat 
2 OO * 740 H_ CANDELA lO 
Booh Now for THE DEAD 
MONKEY OP Ntdc Darke ftrim 
10 JotV. 

CMCHESm 0243 781312 

N«S«r your CUM mm 
Mars Thu 3; Sal 230- 

ii, 01-040 

2S7S Frist call 24 hr 7 day CC 
200 7200 


A musical comedy 


MtmWtani— iwelemty lkflfuj and 
very funny ladocd** Oto*. “As 
ouiy as (uctoM op i Royal 
FMBto” D Tel. “A m e u nert e 
nwnf wtmis On. ~Hu»wy 

emoyaote'* FT. 


L N tlllT THEATRE Box CHtice 
□1-930 2S78 Frist Call 2WOT 7 
Hay cc Mpi 01-240 7200 




iNUonl Theatre's small *101- 
loriiBDl TDM. Tomor 7 SO. 
• teen May 31 to June 2 3> June 
to to 14 last ports FOTU8MTS 
' ny DiBty Hughes. 

S 930 3216 CC 379 
6966/379 6433/741 9999. Gres 
836 3962. Evas BOO. TT10 mat 
2-VO. S 8LSJ O & 8.30 

D MaQ 

Tiw Theeire of Comedy Company 





written and directed toy 

Over 1 .3 00 N i l jiBM ^ 
*- SE> 

Ol 880 8846/01 6 36 BS3 8/9.BT 
Ol 680 9662/3. FIRST CJU 
B4hr 7 Dap CC B36 24ZS. 
Ore Sales 930 6123. 



■he 1— -trrt 


. SXa® 




MoivFrt 7JOThu MU2JO&U6 
& 8.30. 


Tr — *~* 1 ir *— al *7 am 

Tto> mat far DAP**, UBdiPa * 


8230 CC 579 6666 6433 (MR 
Jana ZL Eve* 730. MataTtiur 
.2 JO. Sate 3.0 Liunn O i vl «f 

Award *mi C HEEK B V JQWL 

In A BMUnn knurs 
pREAM-.-nte jMrtw — eg**- 



01*836 BIOS. 01-240 9066 7. 

rma can 24-notir 7 -day ct toko* 
240 7200 too booking .feet 



re* tor UB« 








Cc* 8.0 Mate wed 3 O Sal 6.0 A 

Croup Sales 950 6125 

JAN 1987 

iwrenritA 836 82*3/240 9648. 

First cad CC 240 7200 
(24 nrv 7 0441 CC 741 9999 CC 
379 6433 

Sob Lartpy’s new comedy. 



cm a. wed naa 3. sat* s a 

DUKE OF TOR US 83 6 51 22 CC 
836 9837/741 9999/240 7200. 
Eus 8 Thu 3 Sal 6 & 830 


Itlwilard Drama Aw a rd 1SB4 


MM Crimed y 0V Richard Harris 
Directed toy Jutia McKenzie 

FORTUM: S CC 836 2238/9 CC 
741 9999 £« 8 Fit <1 Sal 6 & 8.40 


Laurence Otivter Award 1984 


"One of Ihe runniest and lean pre- 

ot *-“ A j 3£t^ 

GARRICK. B 01-836 4601. C.C. 
379 6433 & C.C. 24 tn.T day 240 
7200. Grp Sal** 930 6123. Eve* 8 
Wed mat 30. Sat 6.0 and 80 



CLOSE 437 1892. CC 379 6433. 
First OH 24 tor 7 Day cc 240 
7200. Ore Sale* 930 6123. Ev« 
B. Mats Wed 3. Sal 4. 
Andrew Lloyd Webber Presents 





RE lUKlia’^MMD 
LAUCtwra TOO muciT Today 
"An nil ■■lint sarafan al Ha Sax 
Plssse Wa’ra BrtUsA . n raaBjr fa 
vary I— iT-S-Tlntes. 

A comedy toy Ken Ludwig 
Directed by David cnmoce. 

C 01-BS8 

7786. Eves 7 46 mal Sal 2JSO. 
THE ORPHAN toy Thomas Ot- 
way dtrecied and desfaned by 

PtuUo Prowsn -Nouune short 
ot hendr ...iresnendona vitality - 
Trines, -immedlaiely aaracilw 
production. .. played 10 me Mil" 


HAMPSTEAD 722 9301 
until wed. Eves Bora 

mated Fraad. 

Bov Office* CCOi 930 9832 Fir* 
Call 24 hr 7 day ec bookins* 
Ol 240 7200 


m a snaneweare season o * 




Previews irons June a 
Opens June IO al 7 
In RrprrlMra. 

E»-o» ? 30 Mats Wed 
TFrorn June 1 1 1 and Sat 2 OO 

HER HTUE3TVS. Haynwrkel 
930 4026/6606 2016/2866. 
CC TJttermaster 579 6151 
Fira Cab CC Z40 7200. 

lte Andrew Iteyd Wa ririar 
Karate P ripea Hnlul 


Opens 9 W. 

HUM'S HEAD 226 1916 
IEYDAT Opens Ton - 1 Onr 6 
Show 6 30. £11.00. Show 
7.30pm. £5 00 

437 2065. CC 734 8961. 379 
6433/741 9999 First CaU 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 7200 trip Sates 
930 6123 






LAVISH” The Times 
MOO Sal 7.30. Mats W«d 6 Sal 


From 26in Jane wed Mar 200 
Sal eves 800 

LYRK HA M M ER S ai rtM 01-741 
2311. Prcv TOffl T45, Opens 
Toner 7 0. Sub Eves 7 45. Mat* 
Wed 2.30. Sal 4,0 E lll lpid«« ' 

protnpt! I ntelere A San present 

present OH I 

LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Ave Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-134 
1550. 01-43* 1050. 01-734 

5166/7. Red Price Press, irora 
June 4. Opens June 1 1 M 7X1. 

The National Theatre's aedatfaed 

proOucliem 0/ 


Award Winning Comedy 


CV9S 730. Mats Weds ilrom June 
181 and Saia 3.0 Advance Boot- 
ings Pertod Now Open June 4 • 
Aug 30. Croud Sarin Ol 930 
6123 POST CALL 24NB 7 DAT 
CC BOOKINGS ON Ol 240 7200 

LYTTELTON V 928 2262 CC 
iNallonal Theatre's prowennan 
Maori Tool 8 00 am 7.46 a* 
printed in leaner 1 Uteri June 3 IO 
6 DAI I Inters toy Artnur 
SctinllzJer. version bv Tom 
Steftpard. Tomor 7 *s. Oien 
May 31 A June 24 June IO to 
OKS. Today 2 30 Paal Prtza 
Dim one oerf ati lki» c 2.00. 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036 Mon- 
THU a Frl/Sat 6.40 * 8.10 


“Ttw hate ttoMar far rearer S M 
•■An unabashed winner" S Eap 

“Sensational" Ttmrs 

8M Great Yaar 
Orer 2.006 Parlnnaanrrs 



COTTYESLOE Exrrtient cheap 
•teals days < V pert s an theatres 
from 10 am RESTAURANT i*»2a 
20331. CHEAP, E AST C AR PAR, 
into 633 0880 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
406 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 7.46 
Tue A Sal 3.00 6 7 46 




Crvup Bookmen Ol 405 1567 or 
Ol 930 6123 Postal applications 
now toeing accepted until end oa 

OLD VK 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Grouo Sales 930 6123 La*t 4 
parts Ton' I, Tomor 7.30. Sat 
4.0 & 7.46 

Baton and SuBfaaa’a 




r DTele. 

OLD VR 928 7616 OC 261 1821 
Group Sales 930 6123. June 3 
to July 12 



The Mary of . . 

Law rear* of Arab)* 

toy Terence Hattigan 

_ **• 928 2262 CC 

■National Theatre's open Mage) 
Ton'! 7 1 5 i Iasi perts prior to 
transfer to Lvnr Thea ter J une 
AL tor Alan Ayckbourn Tomor 
7.15. then May 31 6 June 2 A 
June IO 10 16 

486 2431 CC 379 6433. 
CC Hotline 486 1933 


Previews FH 7.46. Sal 9J0 A 
7.46. Ill nfaW 2nd June 

CC 437 8327 or 579 6433 
Gn> Sates 930 61 25 




Eve* 7.30 MaH Thu a Sal 2 30 
Latecomer* not admired until me 


P H O ENI X 836 2294 c c 340 9661 
741 9999 Evre B Mat Thu 3 Sal 6 


Standard Drama Awanfc 


As pm Presley 

by aLjui f 



4506 734 9536, Credit Card 
Hotlines 379 6566. 741 9999 Grp 
Sates B36 3962 930 6123. 





MUSICAL” Ret tew 
Cm 8.0 Mats Wee 3 A Sol 6 
New booking period now open to 
end of September 

734 8951 First CaU 24 Hr 7 Day* 
n Booking 836 3464 Crp Sales 
930 6123 

Mon Sal B. Mal Thure A Sat 3 OO. 



PRDtCE OF WALES 01 930 8681 
2 CC Hoi line 930 0844/5/6 Crp 
Sates 930 6123 Keith Prpwse 
741 9999. First Call 24 nr 7 day 
240 7200 



Eves 7-30. Mal Thur * Sat 3. 

QUEEN'S Ol 734 1 Hs6u 734 

1167. 734 0061. 734 0120. 439 
3849.439 a 031 FI ml Call CC. 24 
hr 240 7200. OrpSalev 9306123. 
Eve* 8pm. Wed A Sal Mats 3pm 





4 New May to y Nuni ld llatwiid. 
HLIMG** Sid. 

Dnerted bv Pater Yataa. 

ROYAL COURT S OC 730 1746 
TR SM Cv rv 8pm. Sol Mat 4pm 
kitiav. “A brfllari A rn»^it « > 
play" s Times. 

SAVOY Boa Office Ol 836 8888 
CCOl 579 6219. 836 0479 Evu» 
7 46. Wed 3 Sat 5 & 8.30 
touts: •• S Timm 16 2 86 






6433 CC 741 9999. Fin. I Call 
. 24 hr 7 day CC 2JO 7200 Gre 
Salei 930 6123 Mon-fX 8. 
Wed Mat 3. Sal 4 A 8. 




now mrviEwma 

Opens 6 June d< 7.00pm 

ST MARTBPS 01-836 1443. Spr 
rial OC No 379 64S3 Ev* SjO 

Tups 2AS. Sal 50 -n4 80 

3415 yr at AGATH A CHH BTTi 


STRAND 636 Z06O CC 836 6190 
Firvl Call 24 Hr 7 Dav 240 7200 


Tha Bwfaaly Pacadw* MmtkM 



pTP\irw% from io 

17 Jul i* al 7 OOpti* 



107891 295623 or Tteltelmaslej- 
01-379 6433 ROYAL SHAKE- 
Ifatmuwi T h a ate a. Wtnter*a 
Tala Taday, Sal 1 .30. Fri 7.30. 
Waaiaa aad Mtet TonlghL Sat 
7 30 ten Tkaaira. KJ aire 
Tcdav Sal 1.30. Fri 7.30. Ee- 
ary Mai TonJghL Sal 7.30 For 
vproat meal/lheatee deal* and 
hoiel mop over ring >07B9j 


“The very toest ol amain'* remir 
Uleni" Daily Mail 
See separate enlne* u nder ; 



VAUDEVILLE. WC2. Box Office 
and CC 01-836 9987/S645 Flru 
Can ICC 24 torviOl 240 7200 (Bkg 
fee* Eve* 7 30 Wed MSI* 230. 
sat* so a 






ENJOY ABLE -F T. Over lOOPrrl* 








Box OKKe open Dally 9om . 9pm 
bun TelCC BLgvonb’ 1 lam ■ 7pm 


7765.839 4456 CC Ol J79 
6S65.6433. 741 9999 Crt>* 01 
K36S962 Mon Fri R OO. Wed Mal 
300 Sal* 500 & 830 


Bv J B Prie*Uev 
□irecicd hv Ronald Evre 

WORLD” S Exprew 

WYNDHAM-S 836 3028 CC 379 
6565. 379 6433/741 9999 Grp* 
836 3962 Ev e* 0 Mat Tue 3 
Sal* 5 30 A 8 30 


Thr Australian 

ThMlre Truvt nrednOton 01 


sons of Cain 


Time Out 

YOUNG VIC 928 6S6S CC 379 
£433 until June 7 Evre 7 30 
Mate Tnm ar A Wed 2pm 

— l a a tfH 

<f »»**“. 

dly umilft 

it»* D. Tel 

-IM te Waterfato" Lam Mag 

Eve* 7 45 BELTOM PRpBUC- 
nons prevent HAMLET. 



Ctlfl'ord Street London Wl THE 
JACKSON <1794-1869) A loan 
exhibition from the Cdy of 
Bristol ATI Gallery 9 30-6 00 
Mon Fri until 18th June. 

An Exhibition of alternative seat- 
ing. and a wide selection of 
bare care products. » open at 
The Back Shap. 142 Brampton 
Rd. London SW5 Tel 01 225 
1829 Cat* on teauesl 


Dering SL W.i. 

Ol -499 4100 

9 A 23 


brean Centre. EC2. Ol^M 
4141. Until 20 July; CECIL 
BEATON, ftral mater retmpec- 
uve wilh over 700 photographs, 
drawing*, costumes, memara- 
DUsa Adm SS A Cl TuoteSal 
Idanvci 45pm. Sun 4 B Hob 
lM>.45om. Cfaud Mo-day*. 
uritH B Hob 

BRNOSM UBRART Gt Russell 81. 
WORLD: Atlasa*. Map* aad 
Wh am. Until 6 May wkdy*10- 
5 Sun. 2.30-6. Adm. Free. 
Cto6*d 5 May 

COLNACM 14 Old Bond St . Wl 
491 7406 PASTIMES. PLEA- 
SURES and pcRSurrs - a 
santv of British Sporting Lae. 
Unfit 28 June Mon - Fn IO -A: 
Sat* to- 1 

FISHER FINE ART. 30 King St.. 
Si Jatncv's SWI. 839 3942. 
VKiorun. Edwardian and later 
Furmlure L nut 27 June Mon- 

Fn 105 30 

Street 4ih Floor. London Wl. 
Ol 437 4S34 ALFRED 

HRDUCKA M o i uth e n to n der - 
Tha Foe* ol Mated ri d. wore cm 
paper and small Sculpture 
MorvFn 106. SatllJ 

I* Arrhi Tt I Ol 930 6844 The 
Roval Sort riv of Portrait Paint. 
,-r* '29|h May • 8ih June* daily 
IO 7 evre pi Sin 4 8th June 
when r loses ai 5. £l Adult SOp 
Sluacnl* and DAPi. 

SWI. Ol 235 5844 BRITISH 
SCULPTURE 1950 1965. 

Mon-Fri 10-6: Sal H-3. 

PARKIN GALLERY 1 1 Motcomtoe 
Street. London SW l Ol 235 
1898-1945. Vorsanire Ariel. 

734 9052 Open daily 106 Inc 
Sun rflMufPCf nMf 5tin nnU 
TOR OF EROS £2 SO. £1 .70 rone. 
■ ale rc boohing Ol 741 9999 

TERRY WINTERS E,ahl paint- 
tnov i Mew An Smrti Unai 30 
prim* 4 vnnpiurr Until 31 
Aug Adm. (tee. Wkdais IO 
5.50 Suns 2 S 50 Hecorded 
mlft. 01-821 7128 

GALLERY 23/24 Core srrret, 
Wl. Ol-TJJ 6601 2266. ENM- 
U»(U1 “Spnn A Nteural Ht%torv 
of Ihe Htghlanth and braxula” 
May 29tn-i8in June, Morin, 
9 306 

Ce wti i mrd oe page 38 


i But 
,*s left 
ip and 
ip after 
ig by 

h a 38 
• and a 
.ue on 

mnb at 
i 3p. 

Op io 

ex tiles. 
ned 8p 
. New- 
a quiet 
Tee of 

s were 
; 49pi. 
:d 7p 
ting a! 

aid 03 
r-7 per 


160 -10 







terating — , 
interest _ , 
□fit was — - 
ms 781 __ 

the six 
ae divi- 60 
; I0^p_ 
n £000, 
16,740 — 
•nds — _ 
),5 17), 

0) and — 
(1,610), >*o 
on was 
on ex- 
S) and 

>*r) | 







: und 





a"* 1 ii".- TO 



First published a 


rather than fierce 

Ian Botham should know by 
tonight what cricket he may 
expect to play in the immedi- 
ate future. Accompanied by 
his solicitor, Mr Alan Herd, 
and one of Mr Herd's part- 
ners , he will go to Lord's this 
morning to meet the disciplin- 
ary committee of the Test and 
County Cricket Board (TCCB) 
to answer four charges of 
“bringing the game into 

Not since June 23, 1977, 
when Mr Kerry Packer came 
face to face with the Interna- 
tional Cricket Conference, has 
a meeting at Lord's attracted 
such attention. On that occa- 
sion Mr Packer, having failed 
to get what he wanted, said 
before leaving the ground: “I 
wiQ take no steps to help 
anybody. From now on ii is 
every man for himself and let 
the Devil take the hindmost.'' 
But Packer could afford to be 
more arbitrary than can 
Botham. . 

On a difficult 
legal wicket 

In less contentious days, the 
years would come and go 
without the TCCB's disciplin- 
ary committee having even to 
be convened. Indeed, the good 
men and true who will hear 
today's case can little have 
thought when they were elect- 

Ry John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 
ed to ii that they would one Besides Peter Bromage, they 

day find themselves going into 
action, as they do now, on a 
difficult legal wicket and be- 
fore such a large and opinion- 
ated audience. 

It is because of this that they 
will be chaired by the lawyer 
among them, Mr P R 
Bromage. from the Midlands, 
and joined by the board's legal 
adviser. Mr Alan Moses. QC. 
Being from Botham's county 
of Somerset, the usual chair- 
man, Mr Colin Atkinson, 
headmaster of Milifield 
School, has stood down and 
will not be there. The other 
headmaster on the committee. 
Mr Dennis Silk, warden of 
Radley College, is lied up 
talking to parents — about the 
importance of discipline, I 
dare say — and he, loo, will be 

Each county is asked to 
propose members for service 
on the various subcommit- 
tees of the TCCB. these being 
adjudication, county pitches, 
cricket, discipline, finance, 
public relations and market- 
ing, overseas tours, registra- 
tion, umpires, second XI and 
under-25 competitions, and 
the executive. Those hearing 
today's case may seem a 
curious assortment, but they 
will be there because their own 
counties thought them well 
fitted to seeing justice done 
and to upholding the best 
standards of the game. 

will be: Dr J A Burnett, a 
retired general practitioner 
from Tenby, who was chair- 
man of Worcestershire from 
1979 until last year Mr Spen 
Cama, a former president of 
Sussex and one of their trust- 
ees: Mr G E Craven, chairman 
of Glamorgan since 1984, a 
retired regional director of 
Barclays Bank and chairman 

to answer 

of the National Trust in 
Wales; Mr Eddie Crush, who 
bowled in-swingers for Kent 
from 1945 to 1949 before 
becoming the professional at 
Dover College; Mr Tony 


man of finance and a specialist 
in insurance; Mr David 

Glaucestershire'spresent cap- 
tain and the representative on 
the disciplinary committee of 
the Cricketers' Association, 
whose treasurer he is: Mr Ken 
Graveney, father of David, 
elder brother of Tom and a 
former president of Glouces- 
tershire; and Mr Alan Moss, 
who went into publishing after 
taking over 1,300 first-class 
wickets between 1950 and 
1 968. most of them for Mid- 
dlesex but 21 for England. 

The hearing will be centred 

on an article which appeared 
under Botham's byline in The 
Mail on Sunday earlier this 
month and contained an ad- 
mission that he had smoked 
cannabis in his younger days. 
The four charges to have 
arisen from it are of bringing 
' the game into disrepute by: I. 
using cannabis; 2, admitting to 
have used cannabis; 3, deny- 
ing in the past that he had used 
drugs; 4. making public pro- 
nouncements without the 
clearance of his county. The 
board may want to know more 
about various other allega- 
tions made in The Mail an 
Sunday on April 1 1, 1984, in 
the first article to link any of 
England's cricketers with the 
drugs scene, and they will not 
be unaware of Botham's previ- 
ous warnings 

The disciplinary commit- 
tee. who have full powers to 
act on the TCCB's behalf, will 
have to be careful not to lay 
themselves open to charges of 
restraint of trade, and vital as 
it is to stamp out the use of 
drugs in cricket the board 
must take some of the respon- 
sibility for what abuses there 
are because of their unconcern 
in the past The game will be 
best served today by a firm 
rather than a fierce ruling;, and 
an informed, hard-hitting 
statement. It has been done 
enough harm already without 
our having to lose Botham 

Sunday deadline for Robson 

From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Monterrey 

As England assembled for 
the final fixture of their World 
Cup build-up, against the 
reigning champions of the 
host country, only Bryan Rob- 
son and Lineker were not 
dressed for the part. They had 
to sit in the wings and watch 
their colleagues, all of whom 
were asked to be ready to 
share the stage with 

Their exclusion yesterday 
afternoon was more signifi- 
cant than the game itself 
There is no question that they 
would be included in Bobby 
Robson's strongest line-up 
and yet there is now more than 
some doubt as to whether they 
will be available for the open- 
ing tie here against Portugal 
on Tuesday. 

Bryan Robson's Achilles 
tendon has suffered no ad- 
verse reaction after his lonely 
training sessions, which re- 
main restricted to exercises, 
jogging and running up and 
down steps. But he had not 
even kicked a ball for a week 
until Tuesday when Norman 
Medhurst, the assistant phys- 
iotherapist and as enthusiastic 
as a schoolboy, offered to 
practise with him during a 
break in the England squad's 

Bobby Robson had hoped 
that hiscaptain and namesake 
would be able to gallop around 
for at least half an hour to 
shake off the rust that inevita- 
bly has been gathering. It was. 
after all, the last opportunity 

to give him an airing in an 
atmosphere that could be 
considered realistically 

That target has not been 
reached “If he had main- 
tained his progress, he would 
have been in for 30 minutes," 
Bobby Robson said. “He 
could do with a match but he 
is not ready. There have been 
no setbacks but he cannot go 
full out yet When he reaches 
three-quarters pace, some- 
thing tells him to ease up. 

“I wanted him to play but 
I'm afraid I've had to give that 
up. 1 am not prepared to risk 

Portugal's World Cup squad 
yesterday called off their 
strike over a pay dispute and 
so avoided the threat of being 
sent home. Demands for more 
money were rejected by the 
Federation, whose spokesman 
said that the protest was 
abandoned because of an ap- 
peal by the Portuguese 

•him. He is one of the greatest 
players in the world. We have 
had to do without him recent- 
ly and we have done quite well 
but it is difficult to replace 
him completely." 

In his absence. England 
have confirmed that they can 
cope adequately. They are also 
accustomed to being without 
their incomparable leader. Of 
the seven internationals that 
have taken place since qualifi- 
cation for Mexico was as- 

sured, he has missed five of 
them. They include the draw 
against Northern Ireland and 
the victory over Scotland at 
home and the triumph in 
Egypt, 4-0. and in the Soviet 
Union and in Canada, both by 
1 - 0 . 

Yet Bryan Robson, whose 
ruthless determination is 
wrapped tightly within the 
solid muscle of his frame, is 
one of the most feared and 
fearsome individuals in the 
finals and his presence, physi- 
cal and psychological, is vital. 
For the mental lift it would 
give England alone, he may 
yet be thrown in initially 
against the Portuguese. The 
deadline for a decision has 
been set for Sunday. 

Lineker's chances of being 
fit by Tuesday are put no 
higher than “reasonable.” His 
wrist injury is still "very 
painfuL" With 40 goals to his 
credit last season, he is 
England's sharpest weapon. 

Beardsley’s creative contri- 
bution would be potentially as 
effective but he does not score 
as many goals. He partnered 
Dixon for a change at the start 
yesterday and Barnes was 
invited to take over Waddle's 
position on the flank in a 
match that gave the under- 
studies a chance to assume a 
starring role. 

Hodge, who may appear in 
the finals more often than 
anybody had forseen. was 
joined in midfield by Reid and 

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Milk Race 

By John Wilcockson 

A brave, powerful ride 
through the Yorkshire Dales 
earned the Soviet rider, 
PetrUgrumov, leadership of| 
the 29th Milk Race yesterday 
afternoon, despite losing stage 
3A to the British professional. 
Malcolm Elliott, of the ANC- 
Halfords* team. It was Elliott's 
eleventh Milk Race stage vic- 
tory in four years. 

He made his winning effort 
on the final lap of a tough, 
five-mile finishing circuit at 
Harrogate after looking a beat- 
en man for much of the 75- 
mile stage from Barnard 

Ugrumov was the rider who 
set the race alight. He was first 
to the windswept summit of a 
climb called The Slang after 
three miles, and second to 
Peter Sanders of the Bilton- 
Condor team at the top of 
Greets Moss, an even longer, 
steeper ascent 10 miles later. 

Then, racing into the west- 
erly wind in Wcnsleydale. the 
25-year-old rider from Riga, 
spearheaded an attack with 
two other amateurs, Johnny 
Wellz. of Denmark, and 
Miroslav Sykora, of Czecho- 
slovakia. and two profession- 
als. Jan Kota, of Peugeot, and 
Hans-Henrik Oersted, of 

The five raced rapidly away 
over Kidstones Pas and down 
in Wharfedale. but when their 
lead was three minutes 19 
seconds entering Threshfield, 
they were led off course by the 
pace Car and lost an estimated 
40 seconds 

STAGE 3A (Barnards Castle to Harro- 

S t. 75 nates);!. M. Stott (ANC- 
tordB), 3 hr, IBmia aSwc 2. 

HSRK.SffiL'- PU "°"" 

overall- i. Ugnimov. 9hr 30min Kteec 
2. EDiott. atI8 sac 3. S sutun (Falcon), at 
22 sac. 

to match 

By Jenny MacArthur 

With the world show jump- 
ing championships only six 
weeks away, the British team 
will have a chance of seeing 
how they measure up against 
the French no. 1 team at the 
Everest Doable Glazing Na- 
tions Cop meeting which be- 
gins at Hickstead, in East 
Sussex, today. 

The French, holders of the 
world championship tide, are 
on^ form and, with Frederic 
Cottier, Philippe Rozier and 
Pierre Durand, all competing 
on their top horses, the British 
will have little room for error if 
they are to achieve a second 
successive win in Sunday 
afternoon's Nations Cup 

Nick Skelton and John and 
Michael Whitaker, who re- 
turned from their successful 
Spanish trip only yesterday, 
are all on the British short-list 
of six from which the Nations 
Cup team will be picked. 
Skelton will ride Raffles St 
James, John is giving the the 
promising Next Milton an 
outing and Michael partners 
Next Warren Point 

Malcolm Pyrah. who was 
with these three in Spain, will 
not be competing. His top 
horse, Towerlands 

Anglezarke, has an aversion to 
the Hickstead water fence and, 
having competed somewhat 
reluctantly at this meeting a 
year ago, the selectors are this 
time allowing him to miss it 
and follow his own training 
programme up to the world, 

Janet Hunter, now under 
Ted Edgar's watchful eye at 
the Everest Stud in Warwick- 
shire, and Philip Heffer, with 
Viewpoint, are the two youn- 
gest riders on the short list 
which also includes Robert 
Smith, with Olympic Video. 

The selectors are anxious to 
give Heffer and Miss Hunter 
more international experience 
and there is nowhere better 
than the Hickstead arena to 
gain that experience, “ff a 
horse jumps well at 
Hickstead," Ronnie 
MassareUa, the team manag- 
er, said last week, “you know 
he can take on any course in 
the world." Earlier this month 
Miss Hunter and 
Lisnamarruw helped the Brit- 
ish team to third place at the 
Lucerne Nations Cup in Swit- 

Of the other four teams 
competing at Hickstead, West 
Germany and The Nether- 
lands, who last year finis hed 
second equal, are both fielding 
strong sides. Rob Ehrens leads 
the Dutch and Paul Scbock- 
emOhle,the triple European 
champion, with Deister, front- 
runners for a place at the 
world championships, bead 
the West German team. His 
fellow riders include Jnrgen 
Kenn and Bernard Kemps with 
the powerful Argonaut. Ire- 
land have Eddie Macken at 
the helm and Italy, now 
trained by Marcel Rozier, the 
former French team manager, 
are fielding a team of young 

In' addition to the Nations 
Cup there axe seven other 
international classes at the 
meeting, including Saturday 
afternoon's Grand Prix worth 
£9,000 to the winner. Among 
the British riders who are 
competing are David Bowen, 
fresh from his Grand Prix 
victory on Hawk in Madrid, 
and Liz Edgar. 

- /.-I.*.... -JiJm 

The tops: Rice claims Prichard as one of hs five wickets during the Benson and HedgesCnp 
quarter-final at Chelmsford yesterday (Photograph: Chris Cole). More cricket, page 38 


Graf on an upward curve 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Conesponent, Paris 

Steffi Graf, aged 16 years 
and 1 1 months, is a full-time 
tennis player who packs 
schoolbooks in her luggage. 
They mostly concern biology, 
geography and her native 
German literature. Recently 
she has not had much time for 
all that. Miss Graf has not 
been beaten since March and, 
nine days hence, could take 
over from Christine Truman 
as the youngest French 

Miss Graf has won four 
consecutive tournaments and, 
in the process, has beaten the 
three most recent French 
champions: Chris Lloyd, 
Martina Navratilova, and 
Hana Mandlikova. This week 
she has lost a total of three 
games in two matches. 
Yesterday’s victim was anoth- 
er biology student, Gretchen 
Rush of Pennsylvania, who 
swiftly found herself strug- 
gling to win points, never 
mind games. 

Miss Rush was smart and 
diligent She moved fast and 
played well. But she was 
helpless. If Miss Rush had 
Miles Kington's mastery of 
franglais she might reasonably 
have committed herself to the 
thought Bourrez Ceci Pour 
Une Alouette (stuff this for a 

“Fin playing really well at 
the moment and I'm in good 
shape," Miss Graf said. She 
ascribed her recent advance to 
confidence, particularly on the 

Jobling chosen 

Karen Jobling, of York- 
shire, who was banned for a 
year from the England 
women's cricket team follow-' 
| an unofficial tour of South 
Africa last winter, has been 
chosen to play for the WCA 
President's XI against the 
Indian women at Gunners- 
bury on June 1 1: One of the 
original reasons given for the 
ban was that it might jeopar- 
dize the tour by India, which 
starts on June 

forehand. “I have the confi- 
dence to hit it really hard. But 
I think it’s a little too early for 
me to win the title. Martina 
and Chris are hard to beat in 
the grand slam tournaments. 
It would be really good to get 
to the semis. Next year, I don't 

These comments were re- 
layed to her scheduled oppo- 
nent in a semi-final, Mrs 
Lloyd, who responded: “She’s 
smart to say that, because it 
takes a bit of pressure off her. 
But I think she could win the 
tournament. She has won the 
last four and beat Martina and 
me in straight sets. That 
makes it more interesting for 
everybody. Martina and I 
have been carrying the load 
for a few years now, not that 
I’m complaining, I've enjoyed 

Results, page 38 

“I don’t remember Steffi 
being an average player. She 
has always been tough and 
there has been a major im- 
provement in her backhand. 
I'm impressed with her mov- 
ing. She is one of the fastest 
players on the tour and gets to 

Johan Kriek is playing here 
for the first time since 1979, 
when he was beaten in the first 
round by an ambidextrous 
Czechoslovak called Pavel 
Hutka. Yesterday Kriek won 
6-1, 6-3, 5-7, 6-3, against the 


Garrido: case closed 

np 1 V 1 vaiiniMiWWUWBPI 

Trophy blow ^ • • j • 

The International Cricket \XiUTlUO IS 

The International Cricket 
Conference (ICQ Trophy for 
associate members has suf- 
fered major disruption with 
the withdrawal of Singapore, 
because of the late non-avail- 
ability of some players, and 
the expulsion of West Africa 
for failing to clarify their entry 
(Michael Berry writes).Group 
A will now comprise seven 
teams instead of. the original 
nine, but it is hoped that all 
matches involving the two 
countries, including the many 
friendly fixtures, will be ful- 
filled by either a Select XI 
made up of associate member 
players or a Welsh Cricket 
Association ride. 


No further action is to -be 
.taken against Antonio 
Ganido, the Spanish golfer, 
who was disqualified from the 
second round of the Madrid 
Open last month. Garrido was 
accused by his marker, Paul 
Way, of inaccurately replacing 
his ball on the greens. John 
Paramor, director of Tour 
Operations, said after a PGA 
tournament committee meet- 
ing yesterday, “In my opinion 
the action of Garrido was not 
deliberate and the case is now 

tallest player of the circuit, the 
6ft 7%in Milan Srgber. a 
compatriot of Hutka’s. Kriek 
could be excused for regarding 
Czechoslovaks as an eccentric 
breed: ambidextrous, mon- 
strous, or anything else out- 
side the noTm. 

Kriek now has a moustache 
(something else different). He 
is a muscular, bouncy little 
chap with an off-brat sense of 
humour that may have in- 
spired his persistent lobbing: 
not the obvious thing to do 
against an opponent who rises 
6ft 7'Ain above the earth’s 
crust. “I played unbelievably 
well for the first two sets,” 
Kriek said, “and the lobs paid 
off". Srejber, aged 22, may be 
worth attention at Wimble- 
don. He was a nobody until he 
beat Boris Becker in February. 
Nqw he ranks 34th in the 

Britain's last two contend- 
ers in the singles both had 
American opponents. The 
British No.l, Annabel Croft, 
had three points for a 4-1 lead 
in the third set but was beaten 
by Pam -Casale. Anne Hobbs, 
the national champion, had a 
6-3, 6-4 win over Niurka 
Sodupe, of Miami, aged 17, 
whose exotic name arises from 
mixed South American stock. 
The strange thing is that Miss 
Hobbs, who has been pestered 
by illness and injury, had not 
won a singles match this year 
until she arrived in Paris but is 
now in the last 32 

Seoul prepares 

Construction has been com- 
pleted of a huge sports com- 
plex and an athletes’ village, 
capable of bousing 5.000 peo- 
ple, for September's Asian 
Games in SeooL The complex, 
which occupies an area of 2.9 
million square metres, has a 
park, a velodrome, three gym- 
nasiums,, an indoor swimming 
pooland tennis courts. Anoth- 
er sports complex, with a 
100.000-seat main stadium,, 
was opened in 1984- Many of 
the facilities wifi also be used 
for the 1988 Olympic Games. 

Court appeal 

Middlesbrough, who lave 
been threatened with expul- 
sion by the Football League 
should they go into liquida- 
tion and form a new company, 
are prepared to take their case 
to court if necessary. The third 
division club have taken k %ai 
advice and now claim their 
scheme should be accepted by 
the League if it is by the. court 
and their creditors. The club's 
directors stood down follow- 
ing the appointment of a 
provisional liquidator. Mid- 
dlesbrough face huge debts but 
owe less than £50,000 to other, 
football dubs. 

set to 



The faff British associa- 
tions, who founded the sum, 
are once again under pressure 
from the third world mem b ers 

at today's . FIFA congress. 
Guinea, supported by the fiw- 
mer British protectorates of 
Somalia and Tanzania and 
abo Zaire, will propose that 
Britain should have only one ■ 
collective vote at future con- 
gresses; though they concede.- .. 

riftfar “historic reasons" the 
four associations should be 
allowed to compete separately - - 
in the World Cap and other •• 
competitions. • 

ft has quietly been put to the ftj*; ‘ 
Afri cans that they should- 
wi t hdra w this motion, which 
wiH anyway probably 
thimg h more dosdy than on 
previous occasions when 
Britain's traditioaal place, 
within the world administra- 
tion has been challenged, ft 
has been pointed out that they 
wffl cost Africa four valuable 
rotes m subsequent affrirs on - 
African interest in the years 
afcoarf- Guinea are also pro- 
posing to alter the rapoiitid 
voting majority from three 
quarters to two thuds. • 

Additionally, the African / 
group proposes to abolish C~ . ■ 
Britain's existing right to cue 
FIFA rice-president, and the 
Soviet Union's right — agreed 
in 1947 -and to merge the two 
into “four European vice- 
presidents" instead of foe 
present two. They also pro- 
pose to increase the member- 
ship of foe executive com- 
mittee from 12 to 19 to 
encompass additional mem- 
bers from Africa, Asia and 
Sooth and Central America. 

Loss of unity 
’ hits Britain 

The march towards pofitical 
power in sport by .foe third 
world, irrespective of achieve- 
ments, is tmfimitod. It has 
beea fostered, of course, by the 
expansionist attitude in foer 
favour by Jo4o Havelange, foe 
FIFA president, who is today 
unopposed for a fourth period 
of office (see page 8k -As yet, 
Havelange has firmly upheld 
Britain's position of haring 
four places, equal to FIFA's 
four, on the Intern a tional 
Board, which governs the 
laws. Yet a vacuum Is devetep- 
ing beneath Havelange mi the 
executive with no Obvious 
successor in tike malting. 
When Havelange retires, or 
should he be token seriously fl] 

— fie was 70 this month and is 
at present extremely fit - ft is 
possible that an African or 
Asian, such as Oyo Oyo, of 
Nigeria, or Haji Hanazah, of 
Malaysia, could come to 

Already Britain is beginning 
to discover the disadvantage of 
their loss of unity with the 
termination of the British 
championship, a decision 
made wholly, and foolishly, on 
the doubtful financial ground 
that England and Scotland 
could make more money for 
themselves from other friendly 

Compromise plan 
for Olympics- 

FIFA confusion over eligi- 
bility for the Olympic tourna- 
ment continues. The East- 
West. idealogkal battle con- 
tinues, as within the 
International Olympic Com- 
mittee itself, on professional- 
ism. There are two proposals 
today to be considered for foe 
Olympics of 1992. The font is 
jointly by the executives and 
the Soviet Union — foe. execu- 
tive being indulgent here to the 
Soviets — that all who play for 
financial gain should be ineti- 
gibte. If this fails, which it will, 
the executive propose that 
eligibility should exclude 
those in Enrope and South 1 ! 
America who have played in 
foe World Cup finals: : not, 
therefore, excluding those who 
play in the qualifying competi- 
tion, which admits nil the 
amateur countries such as 
Iceland who have no profes- 
sionals and cannot administra- 
tively run separate World Cap 
and Olympic squads. And, of 
coarse, the Africans! 

The congress is further 
asked to authorize FIFA to 
begin negotiating immediately 
with th e IOC to have an 
eligibility for all players under 
the age of 23, irrespective of 
professional status. This coin-c 
promise would suit alt parties 

- except foe IOC and those 
like Iceland. Eastern Europe 
could continue to play their 
prospective, allegedly noo- , 
professional World . Cup 
teams. Western Europe coaid 
use their young professional 
World Cup hopefuls; and ; 
FIFA' -wood not hare: foe ■ 
embarrassment . of an. open 
competition,, the aim 7 of foe 
IOC, which woald chtflenge 
thenuthentidly of the masting 

WaS-Cu £ 

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