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S'. ' 

No 62,470 


i ; • 



FRIDAY MAY 30 1986 

over Reagan 
Salt 2 move 

From Michael Binyrm, Washingto n 

A bitter ideological 
surfaced yesterday over Presi- 
dent Reagan's reuuni cation of 
the Salt 2 arms treaty, with 
three of America's leading 
arms control experts attacking 
the decision as a “disaster” 
that would lead to as unprece- 
dented superpower arms race. 

‘ Hardliners within the Ad- 
ministration and Congress are 

S ’ " it at finally. persuading 
ent Reagan not to com- 
ply with the accord, but the 
decision has dismayed leading 
arms control moderates, who 
fear for the future of arms 
reduction negotiations with 
the Soviet Union. 

Senior officials of the State 
Department have fought to 
keep the United States within 
the limits of the unratified 
treaty, which is strongly sup- 
ported by Nato allies as a key 
instrument governing super- 
power arms relations. 

Mr George Schultz, Secre- 
of State, is attempting to 
their concern at the Nato 
Ministers meeting in 


An obviously delighted Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the De- 
fence Secretary and a leading 
Administration hardliner, re- 
called dial President Reagan 
last summer agreed to “go the 
extra mile” for arms control 
by continuing temporarily to 
observe the limits of the * 

“The President has trav- 
elled that last mfle and we are 
no longer bound by - that 
flawed agreement It’s 'very 
simple,” fie said. 

Mr Gerard Smith, who 

negotiated the 1972 Anli- 
Ballistk Missile and the Salt 1 
treaties, said die President’s 
move could not have been 
based on any military calcula- 
tions, was opposed by the 
Joint Chiefs of- Staff, and was 
the result of ideological hostil- 
ity to arms control by conser- 
vatives within the 

It was the second lag step, 
following the attempt to rein- 
terpret the ABM treaty last 
autumn, on the path away 
from arms control. “It looks to 

“Telling the Russians 
arms control is dead is not 
going to. encourage then 
to be forthcoming in 
negotiations” — Mr Ge- 
rard Smith, who nego- 
tiated the 1972 Anti- 
Ballistic Missile and the 
Salt 1 treaties. 

meas though we are abandon- 
ing the notion of parity for 
superiority,” he said. 

He could not recall any 
previous step as serious as 
that “Telling the Russians 
arms control is dead is not 
going to encourage them to be 
forthcoming in negotiations,” 
he said. 

Mr Robert McNamara, the 
Secretary of Defence under 
Presidents Kennedy and 
Johnson, said that without the 
Salt limits* die world faced a 
“totally unconstrained arms 
race”. Though the decision 
might be merely an attempt to 
appease the Republican right- 
wisgrtbe Soviet Union would 

see it as as American stri 
for nuclear superiority, 
could guarantee Moscow 
would immediately react by 
increasing its inter-continen- 
tal ballistic missile aisenaL 

. Mr Paul Wanike, who nego- 
tiated the Salt 2 treaty under 
President Carter, said the 
Russians would not now scrap 
older SS-17, 18, and 19 mis- 
siles when they deployed the 
new SS-24s. They could triple 
the number of warheads on 
these older weapons, adding 
some 6,000 to the SS-18s 
alone. This was a dear threat 
to US security. 

The Russsians already had a 
lead in ICBMs. 

The three dismissed Mr 
Reagan's argument that he 
was only responding to Soviet 
violations of Salt 2. Mr 
Wamke said ft was beyond 
question that the Russians 
had scrupulously observed the 
central erne of the treaty, the 
numerical limits on missiles. 
They had cheated on second- 
ary aspects, but the US re- 
sponse, “gutting the central 
provision of the treaty”, was 

They told a press confer- 
ence, held by the Arms Con- 
trol . Association, which 
strongly supports existing 
treaties, that Mr Reagan had 
to be taken at his word when 
he said the US would no 
longer abide by Salt 2. 

They appealed to Congress 
to save the treaty, aigiring that 
it should withhold strategic 
modernization funds request- 
ed by the Administration for 
next year’s defence budget. 


i - . 

* v.V 

Who needs 

An intriguing tale 
of the movie stars 
who set aside the 
celluloid to come 
alive on stage 

Halo and 

You don’t have to 
be saintly in Siena 


• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 

two readers — Mr 
LL.M Jones, of St Peter 
Port, Guernsey, and 
Mr D .Foster, of 
Edgware, Middlesex. 

• There is £12,000 to 
be won tomorrow — the 
weekly prize of 
£8,000 plus the dally 

• PortfoOo list, page 
26; rules and how to 
play, information ser- 
vice, page 16. 

OECD hopes 

The outlook for the world 
economy is better than for 
manyyears, according to the 
Or ganizat ion for Economic 
Cooperation and Develop- 


Leading article, page 13 

World prospects, page 17 

Students shot 

Two Nigerian students were 
shot dead by police in the 
: northern city of Kaduna as 
rioting flared again in the 
wake of the closure of IS 

Campus riot, pages 

HmeNew M 
Oiawa 5-9 
Appts 19 
Arte IS 

Births, desths. 
Ma r ria ges M 
Sasfaea 37-26 
Church 14 
Cenrt 14 

Crosswords HU6 
Diary 12 

Features 10-12 

law Report 22 

Leadss 13 
Letters 13 
-Metering 27 
Obituary M 
Safe Sean 14 
Science 14 

Sort 20-32 

Theatres, etc 3! 
TV A Baffin 31 
Weather ' 16 
Wffls 14 

* * * * * 

Inquiry to 
decide on 
Navy ship 

By Rodney Cowtos 
Defence Correspondent 

The Prime Minister acted 
yesterday to resolve a contro- 
versy which has been raging 
for at hast the last five years 
over the design of Royal Navy 

It was announced by the 
Ministry of Defence that Mrs 
Thatcher had derided that an 
independent inquiry should 
be set up to settle the argu- 
ment whether the best design 
for modern warship up to the 
size of a destroyer is the 
traditional Jong-thm ship, or a 
radical new “short-faf* vessel, 
which, ft is claimed, could be 
built for about 25 percent less 
t han normal warships. 

The issue was fought in the 
early 1 980s when the design of 
a new frigate, the Type 23 
Duke class, wasbeing decided. 
The first of which, HMS 
Norfolk, is now under con- 
structional Yarrow’s shipyard 
on Clydeside. The Navy de- 
cided to adopt a ship of 
traditional lines, 436 feet long 
and with a beam of 49 feet in 
preference to a short-fat de- 
sign of about 311- feet length 
and 63 feet beam. 

The intention to set up an 
independent inquiry was an- 
nounced with the publication 
of a repent which concluded 
that some of the technical 
advice on which the Royal 
Navy's derision was based 
was wrong, and in some cases 
opinions exnressed were “not 
well “ 


rhe report was produced by 
unofficial committee head- 
ed by Admiral of the Fleet 
Lord HiU-Ncrtbn. a former 
Chief of the Naval Staff. Chief 
of the Defence Staff and 
chairman of Nato’s Military 
Committee. Lord Hffl-Norton 
said that he had been invited 
to carry out the inquiry ax the 
instigation of The 10 Downing 
Street policy unit 
Other members of the com- 
mittee were Lord Straihcona, 
a former Minister of State for 
Conti nu ed on page 2, col 5 

over ship 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Britain fired a verbal broad- 
side at Argentina yesterday 
following the sinking of a 
Taiwanese fishing vessel on 
Wednesday, accusing Buenos 
Aires of trying to pursue its 
sovereignty daun in the South 
Atlantic by force. 

A toughlyworded statement 
by the Foreign Office deplored 
the Argentine use of force 
against an unarmed vessel on 
the high seas as being unjusti- 
fied and excessive. 

The Chian Der 3 was sunk 
by an Argentine gunboat a few 
miles outside the 150-mile 
British-imposed protection 
zone around the Falkland Is- 
lands after its captain defied 
orders to proceed to Argenti- 

“The British Government 
rejects Argentina's claim to 
exercise jimsdiction over the 
waters in question,” the state- 
ment said. "This .action 
amounts to an attempt to pur- 
sue a sovereignty claim by 

Britain has not yet made a 
formal protest to Argentina 
because it was unclear yester- 
day on what basis it had decid- 
ed to take action against the 

If as seems fikriy, Argenti- 
na claims the vessel was in- 
fringing Argentina’s territorial 
waters around the islands, 
then tire British Government 
will make a sharp protest 
“If they don’t make such a 
riaim then their action 
amounts to an act of interna- 
tional piracy,” one British 
official said yesterday. 

Argentina’s -strong-arm tac- 
tics against the Chian Der 3 
mad other Taiwanese vessels is 
seen in London as an attempt 
by Argentina to force Taiwan 
to sign a bilateral fisheries 
agreement with Buenos Aires. 
This would presumably lead 
to moves to.pwsuade other 
nations fishing in the South 
Atlantic to enter into similar 
Contnnied on page 16, col I 

until end 
of July 

By John Goodbody 

Ian Botham was banned 
yesterday from playing aO 
first-class and international 
cricket until Jnly 31 by the 
Test and • County Cricket 
Bond in a surprisingly light 

ruling by its disciplinary 

Botham'S two month sus- 
pension for bringing the game 
into disrepute after admitting 
smoking cannabis m<>np * he 
win miss all three Tests 
against India, two one-day 
Texaco Internationals, one 
Test against New Zealand, 
and fixtures for his county 

The Engiand aft-rounder 
was found “guilty” on four 
charges by the nine-man disci- 
plinary committee chaired by 
Mr Prter Bromage, a Birming- 
ham lawyer, alter a seven-hour 
hearing at Lord's. 

The charges were that he 
used camabis, admitted to 
haring used denying 

in the past that he had used 
drugs and w— irfag public pro- 
nouncements without clear- 
ance of his county. 

The bearing was called after 
a signed article by Botham in 
The Mail on Sunday on May 
18 contained an admission 
that be had smoked marijuana 
in his younger days. The board 
reacted to the article by bar- 
ring Botham from last 
weekend's two Texaco interaa- 
<i«iil« « wind India wfaDe it 
conducted the inquiry. 

Mr Alan Herd, a solicitor 
wbo represented the England 
and Somerset aD-nmnder at 
the hearing, said aft er w a rds: 
“We are obviously very disap- 
pointed. We win be consider- 
ing an appeal to the cricket 
council over the weekend.” 

Botham left the hearing 
with an action Ml of the 
enterprise be displays on the 
field. John Emburey, his En- 
gland team male, fad his car 
running at the back door of the 
parifien and with most of the 
50 members of the media 
watching other doors, he sped 
through the Grace <Sjfes. - 

Botham was fined £100 in 
Scunthorpe let February for 
possessing 2.19 grammes of 
cannabis. Earlier this mouth 
detectives questioned him 
abort allegations tint he took 
drags during his charity walk 
from John O'Groats to Lands 
End which raised £714,000 for 
leukaemia research. 

In March 1984 The Mail On 
Sunday alleged that Botham 
fad smoked “pot” during 
England's cricket tour of New 
Zealand. Botham instigated a 
libel action against the news- 
paper, but in his signed article 
on May 18 he said he was 
withdrawing the action. 

Botham has scored 4^77 
runs for England and is two 
wickets short of Dennis 
Lillee's world record of 355 
Test wickets. 

Judgement at Lord’s, page 2 

A pensive Botham ani 

Sogat ballot on 
offer goes ahead 

The ballot of print. union 
workers on Mr Rupert 
Murdoch's £50 million pay- 
off package is to go ahead 
despite a split in the ranks of 
Sogat ’82. 

The London Machine 
branch of the union failed at a 
tiiiee-hcur private hearing si 
the High Court yesterday to 
get an injunction to stop the 

But Mr Bill Freeman, the 
branch spokesman, said out- 
side the court that the judge, 
Mr Justice Savflle, had agreed 
with them that the union had 
acted in breach of its rules. 

“But the union gave under- 
takings that ail the members 
who had been deprived of 
voting rights would get the 
ballot papers,” he added. 

Miss Brenda Dean, the 
union's general secretary, was 
not at foe hearing but both 
sections of the union were 
legally represented. 

London branches of Sogat 
have 4,500 members who 
were dismissed when Mr Mur- 
doch switched printing of The 
Sun, The Times. The Sunday 
Times and the News of the 
World to Wapping, east Lon- 
don. The ballot is set for next 

The National Graphical As- 
sociation is to ballot its 900 
dismissed members on the 
offer. But the 31-man execu- 
tive of the NGA, the second 
hugest union involved in foe 
18-week dispute was told yes- 
terday to expect a massive 
vote against foe deaL 

Details of foe ballot agreed 
by the executive yesterday will 
be completed early next week 
at another executive meeting. 
But h is unlikely that NGA 
leaders will make any recom- 
mendation after foe strong 
opposition voiced at a mass 
meeting on Wednesday night. 

NGA members will be giv- 

en their ballot papers at mass 
meetings in central London 
next week and foe vote will be 
known before the June 6 
deadline set by Mr Murdoch. 

Mr Tony Dubbins. NGA 
general secretary, acknowl- 
edged yesterday foal if 
Sc^at workers voted iDZixeju 
it would have a “dramatic 
effect” on foe dispute. “We 
have to recognize that it would 
damage our chances of bring- 
ing the dispute to a successful 
conclusion,” be said. 

“The decision of foe NGA 
council is to agree to put out 
Murdoch's offer to a ballot of 
our members and to meet foe 
timetable that has been laid 

“The subject of a recom- 
mendation was hardly dealt 
with — most of foe lime was 
spent talking about foe ques- 
tion of a ballot and foe 

“The key issue was foe fact 
that our members took part in 
a secret ballot prior to getting 
involved in this dispute. And 
they ought to be given an 
opportunity to express their 
opinion by having a further 
vote on this particular offer.” 

Mr Dubbins reported to foe 
executive the feelings of 
Wednesday's mass meeting. 
He said that there was “vwy 
strong opposition” to accept- 
ing foe deal by rank and file 

The revised five-point offer 
would give four week’s pay for 
every completed year of ser- 
vice with a ceiling of £155 a 
week and a minimum pay- 
ment of £2,000. 

The unions would be given 
the Times and Sunday Times 
buildings in Gray's Inn Road 
and foe question of union 
recognition at Wapping and 
Glasgow would be reviewed 
after a year. 

by head 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

The leader of the biggest 
head-teachers' anion served 
notice on the Government 
yesterday that it faces a 
dispute “of the gravest 
magnitude” if it fa»k to fund a 
new deal for teachers this year. 

In his speech to the Nation- 
al Association of Head Teach- 
ers conference in Cardiff, Mr 
David Hart, general secretary 
of the 26300-member union, 
set Britain's head teachers on 
a possible collision coarse with 
the Government. 

Later he said that if the 
Government did not produce 
more money than it had 
promised for a deal this an- 
dmm, the association would 
have to consider industrial 
action. It would be the first 
time heads fare taken action 

Accusing the Government of 
having no coherent education 
policy, he said that any new 
deal for the profession negoti- 
ated under the auspices of the 
concilia fion service, Acas, 
would be for more expensive 
than the £450 million of new 
money set aside by the Gov- 
ernment. (The Government 
describes the money available 
as £1-25 biQion). 

Speaking to journalists 
about his comments, Mr Hart 
said.- “I am really in effect 
giving a warning to the Gov- 
ernment that if they maintain 
that only £450 mill ion or 
£li5 billion is foe sum avail- 
able for the Acas deal, foe 
heads will not be able to 
maintain the stance they took 
in last year’s dispute. 

Talks are now going on 
between teachers' onion and 
the employers at Acas abort a 
package of reforms, including 
a new pay structure. 

“Only a jointly negotiated 
agreement can put sufficient 
political pressure on the Gov- 
ernment which will know foe 
price of failure on its part to 
deliver foe resources,” Mr 
Hart told foe conference. *Tn 
case anybody i? on&r: any 
I illusions 1 mast emphasize 
that foe price woeM fa a 
dispute of the gravest magni- 
tude from which the NAHT 
coaid under do drcmnstances 
remain neutraL” 

In the year-long teachers' 
pay dispute heads did their 
best to keep schools running 
normally. The message of Mr 
Hart's speech is that they are 
unlikely to do so again . Mr 
Hart emphasized that he was 
speaking personally. 

He made a scathing refer- 
ence to foe “ragbag of pseudo 
policy being dangled before 
the public” by foe Govern- 
ment. What was required was 
more money, better pay for 
teachers, and an attempt to put 
foe country on a par with 
Europe, Japan and foe United 

Conference reports, page 3 

out of 

By Michael McCarthy 
and Robin Young 

Mr Leslie Attwell, whose 
farmland at Lyte’s Cary, near 
Yeovil in Somerset, has been 
occupied by about 300 travel- 
ling hippies since the week- 
end, yesterday obtained a 
possession order enabling him 
to evict them. 

Ai the High Court Mr 
Justice Savili, sitting in cham- 
bers, took only five minutes to 
grant the order to Mr Attwell's 
lawyers. Mr Attwell. who suf- 
fers from angina and bad to be 
taken to hospital when he 
collapsed as the hippie convoy 
moved to his land, did not 
travel to London for the 

The order relates to the 
whole of the AttweOs' 101-acre 
farm and is against five named 
trespassers “and every other 
person in occupation of the 
farm”. The five are Nick 
James, Scoop (a male), Carol 
Warner, Sid Rawle and Gwen 
(a female). 

The next step, Mr AttwelTs 
legal representatives said, was 
for a warrant of execution to 
be issued. It was likely that 
eviction could not take place 
until today. 

The hippies have been 
evicted five times in the past 
three weeks since foiling to 
establish a “peace camp” at 
Stonehenge, where they hoped 
to hold a mid-summer 

Last night the 300 hippies, 
wbo travel in a convoy of 100 
vehicles, had derided not to 
wait for the bailiffs and were 
getting ready to move out. It 
was thought they might head 
towards north Devon. 

During the day about SO 
members of the “peace 
convoy” had gone into Yeovil 
in an old bus, and collected 
approximately £3.000 from 
the benefit offices of . the 
Department of Employment 
and the Department of Health 
and Social Security. 

Spokesmen for foe benefit 
offices said that J08 hippies 
had:' been paid, almost all 
rc.viving bciween £30. and 
£35. One hundred and eighty 
hippies bad made claims. 

Four hippies were arrested 
during the afternoon for shop- 
lifting and other alleged 

The hippies' convoy has 
been camped on Mr Attwell's 
prime 30-acre sileage fields, 
and ruined £2,000 worth of 
winter feed. Mr Attwell has 
been told that legal expenses 
could add another £5.000 to 
his costs. 

At present mass trespass on 
private land is only a civil 

Mr Chris French, of the 
National Fanners’ Union, 
who visited Mr Attwell, said: 
“It is outrageous to see a 
farmer's crop destroyed in this 

Geldof derides UN ‘thugs’ 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Bob Geldof organizer of 
Live Aid and Spprt Aid events 
to alleviate famine in Africa, 
yesterday attacked the United 
Nations General Assembly's 
special session on Africa de- 
scribing it as “laughable”. 

Referring to the participants 
in the session, who include 22 
ministers, the Irish rock star 

said that he wished that 
“they’d grow up in this place, 

for once in their 


He singled oui ihe speech by 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretory, as a “classic”in 
this tine. 

“It made the right noises 
and promises, but nothing 
further," he said. 

Geldof made the remarks at 

a press conference before lis- 
tening to the UN debate. He 
criticized both the West and 
the Soviet bloc for introducing 
a Cold War tone in the debate 
by resorting to “ideological 

The UN, he said, was “run 
by thugs or representatives of 

Israel offer, page 8 

Chernobyl toll up to 21 as transplants fail 

Fran Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

The death toil from the 
Chernobyl disaster fans risen 
from 19 to 21 with .another 30 
victims in a “serioas 
condition”, Russian doctors 
said yestaday. 

A farther 160 who were 
takes to hospital ore still 
receiving treatment there, and 
bene marrow transplants, car- 
ried out to try to saw the lives 
of tire worst affected fate 
proved to be “not very 
effective” tl»r said. . 

New details uf the casualties 
and iff the evacuation of 
lOfijioa people from foe 
Chernobyl area mid compari- 

sons of the ifisaster with a 
nuclear attack were given at 
foe opening yesterday iff foe 
.world congress of Internation- 
al Physicians for foe Preven- 
tion of Nnclear War 

The details were disclosed 
by Dr Eugeni Cbazov, foe 
Russian co-president of foe 
organization, and Professor 
Leonid Ilyin, a member of foe 

Soviet Union's Academy of 
Medical Sciences, who has 
visited foe disaster zone. 

All those most seriously 
affected were workers mid 
engineer? at the power station 
or members of foe fire team 
who tried to smother the blaze 
at the reactor. Professor Byin 

Moscow (AP) — The gov- 
ernment news agency Novosti 
yesterday corrected a report it 
had transmitted that indicated 
as many as 1,000 people were 
injured in the Chernobyl nu- 
clear disaster. The number of 
injured was actually closer to 
300. foe figure Soviet officials 
had given before Wednesday's 
report by Novosti. 

“The most modern methods 
of treatment have bear used 
bat as many of bs thought from 
foe very beginning a bone 
marrow transplant has not 
proved very effective” Profes- 
sor Byte told a news confer- 
ence. .“Eleven of foe 19 

patients who received (his 
operation have died”. 

They were among 129 vic- 
tims flown from the disaster 
area to Moscow in three 
aircraft on the morning of the 
accident on April 26. Another 
1 80 with radiation injuries and 
burns were evacuated foe fol- 
lowing day. 

Professor Ilyin said the 
treatment of the 299 most 
seriously i0 had produced “a 
great deal of new medical 
information about radiation 
sickness and its treatment. 
Within three months we shaft 
make available a detailed 
report on all foe material that 
we have”. He added: “In a 
nadear conflict foe same kind 

of radiation that we have seen 
will be prevalent." 

All possible measures nor- 
mally taken in treating radia- 
tion disease were followed, 
including transfusions of blood 
components and the use of 
“new and old” antibiotics. 

Professor Ilyin said a delay 
of 36 hours in evacuating 
people within 30 kflometres of 
the accident “was to some 
extent foe result of local 
authorities underestimating 
somewhat the dangers of 


Once underway, the entire 
evacuation was completed in 
abort three hours with 1,100 
buses sent simultaneously to 
foe area; 230 medical teams 
Continued on page 16, col 8 



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' c 

Hailsham backs power 
for complaint board 
over dismissing judges 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Lord Hailsham of St Mary- 
letxme, the Lord Chancellor, 
said yesterday that he was in 
favour of the creation of a 
complaints board able to rec- 
ommend the removal of 

At present the power to 
remove a judge rests with the 
Lord Chancellor and Lord 
Hailsham said that was unsat- 
isfactory as h made him both 
“judge and jury” 

- A board to which he could 
refer complaints, where ap- 
propriate. for a report to 
advise him. seemed “a very 
good idea**. 

' The Lord Chancellor's com- 
ments mark his first public 
support for such a board, 
which was proposed in a 
report in 1972 by Justice, the 
all-party law reform group, 
under Mr Justice Webster 
(then a QQ. They are made at 
a time of controversy over 
Judge Pickles, the northern 
circuit judge who has attacked 
the present system of judicial 
appointments and the Lord 
Chancellor's role in appoin- 
ting and dismissing judges. 

At the same time, however, 
Lord Hailsham again firmly 
rejected the idea of an adviso- 
ry board on judicial appoint- 
ments, which is likely to be 
examined by a working party 
set up by the Bar later this 

In an interview on BBC 
Radio 4, he said that such a 

system would not be more 
open than the present one. *1t 
would not be subject to parlia- 
mentary accountability; it 
would be a permanent mafia 
of the judges appointing one 
another or the Bar appointing 
themselves to higher office, i 
don't think the public would 
approve of that” 

Under our constitution 
someone had to be responsible 
and in the present case “that 
person is me", he said. “The 
idea that I would act as a 
brooding dictator is absurd 
from officials who have never 
met me.” 

He was speaking at the 
launch in London of a new 
booklet from his department 
setting out for the public and 
the profession the policies and 
procedures he follows when 
selecting judges and silks. 

Lord Hailsham said that be 
wanted to dispel “any linger- 
ing sense of mystery or obscu- 
rity that there may be about 
how this work is done”. 
Consultations had to be confi- 
dential but there was no secret 
about the policy or procedure 
and he bad therefore decided 
“an outline should be made 
generally available". 

The aim was to ensure that 
selection methods were as 
“efficient, fair and open as 
they can be made” and main- 
tain the highest standards on 
the bench. 

The Lord Chancellor ap- 

points or recommends for 
appointment about 2,500 
holders of judicial office 
across a score of tribunals in 
England and Wales, after wide 
consultation with the pro- 
fession and other appropriate 

He has long been troubled 
by his power of dismissal 
under the Courts Act, 1971 
which is wide and ill-defined, 
and does not provide for 
rights of appeal or a proper 
hearing of an allegation. 

A new complaints board 
would not need legislation. 
Lord Hailsham said yesterday 
that he did not envisage it 
would be needed often; he has 
only dismissed a judge once in 
the past 10 years; he was Judge 
Bruce Campbell, who had 
been convicted of smuggling. 

His power to dismiss a 
judge for misconduct is con- 
tained in section 17 of the 
Couns Act, 1971, which Lord 
Hailsham himself saw through 
Parliament. But yesterday fie 
admitted he had been a little 
“cavalier” when the Act was 
passed, not imagining he 
would ever have to use it 

Under that section the Lord 
Chancellor “may, if he thinks 
fit, remove a circuit judge 
from office on the grounds of 
incapacity or misbehaviour”, j 

Judicical Appointments (Lord : 
Chancellor's Department, Nev- ! 
ille House. Rage Street, SW1; i 
£ 1 ). 

Demise of Fifth of Attack on 
Assembly mail hit committee 


By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

Mr Peter Archer, Opposi- 
tion spokesman on Northern 
Ireland, yesterday backed 
plans for abolishing the 
Northern Ireland Assembly. 

labour Party members. So- 
cial Democrats and Provision- 
al Sinn Fein, have refused to 
take their seats in the assem- 
bly, leaving the Unionists to 
turn it into a forum for 
opposing the Anglo-Irish Ag- 

“This makes a nonsense of 
the statutory basis for -the 
assembly and, whatever future 
bodies there may be, it would 
be better to write off some- 
thing so consistently associat- 
ed with disagreement and 
frustration," Mr Archer said. 

“It is now up to the Govern- 
ment to create the conditions 
for successful talks among all 
the parties in Northern Ire- 
land with the aim of finding a 
way forward. But until that 
process has taken place an 
assembly can have no con- 
structive role.” 

The Government will an- 
nounce the assembly's fate by 
the end of next week. 

I is abolition will leave the 
Ulster Unionists without an 
official forum while they con- 
tinue to boycott foeCommons. 

Mr Archer said that there 
was still time for negotiations 
before tensions were raised 
during the “loyalist” march- 
ing season, which starts in 

by strike 

By Patricia Clough 

About eight min i nn letters, 
more rtian a fifth of Britain's 
mail, were held up in post 
offices yesterday as a result of 
li ghtning strikes by &500 
sorting workers in a dispute 
over rotas. 

The action started when 
2,000 workers in Leeds came 
out on a 24-hour official 
stoppage and woe followed, 
unofficially, by colleagues in 
Liverpool, Sheffield and die i 
Wl district of London. Work- ; 
ers in Bradford, Halifax, Hud- 
dersfield and Wakefield joined 
in after some staff were sus- 
pended. - . 

The Post Office said that it 
would be a day or two before 
the backlog was cleared. 

The strikes were over the 
implementation of an efficien- 
cy agreement reached between 
foe Post Office and foe Union 
of Communkations Workers 
last year. 

The scheme, designed to 
match foe number of sorters to 
foe peaks and troughs in the 
flow of mail, introduces con- 
tractual overtime instead of 
foe present voluntary system. 

The union is demanding aa 
extra half-hour’s rest-time a 
shift, which foe Post Office 
says is unacceptable. After 
foiling to reach a settlement on 

foe issue for nearly a year, it 
introduced the new system on 
foe early shift at Leeds to 
which foe union responded 
first with an overtime ban and 
that with foe strike. 






Notice of Change 

From 1 June 1986 the rate of interest 
payable on National Savings Certificates on 
General Extension terms will be changed 
from 8.52% to 8.01% p.a. tax-free. 

The General Extension Rate applies to 
Certificates of the 7th to 14th, 16th, 18th, 
19th and 21st Issues after they have 
completed their fixed period terms. 

by blacks 

Tty Amanda Hatg h 

Parliamentary Staff 

The Labour Patty's launch 
of its Black and Asian Adviso- 
ry Committee was disrupted 
at the Commons yesterday by 
protests from black party 
members and claims that Miss 
Jo Richardson, MP, the chair- 
man, was a “crass racist”. 

The committee, set up to 
increase participation of black 
and Asian people in the party 
after last year’s conference 
rejected separate black sec- 
tions. was denounced by foe 
black section movement as 
“stillborn and launched in a 
climate of almost universal 

■ Black Section News, issued 
by Mr Paul Shanna at the 
press conference, said: “ The 
committee has no musde, 
respresents no one and its 
terms of reference specifically 
exclude policy formulation. 
Its role is simply to advise on 
how to solicit the black vote.” 

Miss Richardson was at- 
tacked by Mr Muhammad 
Haque, a co-opted member of 
the Inner London Education 
Authority, from Tower Ham- 
lets, east London, who shout- 
ed: “You are a crass racist and 
it is embarrassing to mention 
your series of racist 

After foe meeting Miss 
Richardson said: “I can un- 
derstand why black people 
resent having a white person 
in the chair. It does not upset 
me. I hotly deny I am a racist” 

Princess Anne 

Award for 
. redundant 

Princess Anne presented a 
star apprentice with an award 
yesterday, six days after he 
tost his job. 

Adrian Pollard, aged 20, of 
Devizes, Wiltshire, runner-up 
in the Western region’s Ap- 
prentice Agricultural Engineer 
of foe Year honours, received 
foe award at the Bath and 
West Show at Shepton Mallet, 

With him at foe presenta- 
tion was Mr Robert 
Ackerman, a manager of foe 
company that has just made 
him redundant. The agricul- 
tural engineers T. EL White, of 
Devizes, have told him they 
cannot afford to keep him on 
after his four-year apprentice- 
ship ends west month. 

Mr Pollard, who is now 
seeking work elsewhere, won 
the award for his work at 
I-arfcham College of Agricul- 
ture, near Chippenham, Wilt- 
shire, where his company paid 
for him to attend Mock release 
courses over foe past four 

Mr David Scott,the 
company's "w—pe director, 
said there was no room for Mr 
Pollard ia Devizes, but he had 
been offered a job at the 
company's workshop m Mart 
borough. He said: “We cant 
absorb another mechanic here 

and Adrian didn't want to 
move to Marlborough.” 

• A pocket-sized electroni c 
scorer for netball aspires 
yesterday earned two Essex 
University students, Stephen 
Osbourne, aged 24, and How- 
ard Mitchell, aged 21, senior 
prize in foe Young Electronic 
Designer of the year awards. 

£300,000 for 
of heritage 

By John Young 

The Historic Buildings and 
Monuments Commission for 
England, otherwise known as 
English Heritage, yesterday 
announced its biggest commer- 
cial sponsorship. 

Gateway Foodmarkets, part 
of foe Dee Corporation, is to 
provide £300,000 over three 
years to finance a number of 
promotions and fecial events. 
They include souvenir grades 
for Rievaulx Abbey and Roch- 
ester Castle, the staging of 
mediaeval battles at Prudhoe 
Castle in Northumberland, 
music and dancing at Kenil- 
worth Castle, Warwickshire, 
and a Friends of the Isle of 
Wight scheme to help support 
Osborne House and 
Carisbrooke Castle. 

Lord Montagu of Beaulieu, 
foe commission's chairman, 
said foe deal was by far the 
largest sponsorship arrange- 
ment concluded since it was 
established two years ago. He 
hoped that it would point to 
much wider involvement of 
private industry. 

meeting Mr PoQard at the Bath and West Show, Shepton Mallet, yesterday. 

Warship design controversy 

Thatcher call for an inquiry 

Continued Grom page 1 
Defence, Professor R V Jones, 
a former Scientific Adviser to 
several government depart- 
ments, including the Ministry 
of Defence; and Dr Richard L 
Garwin, a leading American 
scientist with much experi- 
; ence in naval warfare. 

The committee concluded 
that for ships of “up to 
destroyer size, the short-fat 
hull form offers enough ad- 
vantages in the important 
elements of construction time, 
habitability, between-deck 
and weather-deck lay-out, sta- 
bility and sea-keeping, and 
weapon-siting to merit much 
more serious consideration 
than it has so far been 

“We find that foe short-fat 
bull form may offer a signifi- 
cant increase in top speed over 
foe maiimum which can be 
realized in a long-thin hull of 
similar size. If this is con- 
firmed it is a most important 
military advantage.” 

The construction cost of a 



Type 23 frigate is about 
£100 million, but the Danish 
shipyard, Frederiksbavn 
Vaerft, has estimated that a 
comparable ship built to a 
short-fat design would cost 
about £73 million. 

The committee recom- 
mended that there should be 
an inquiry conducted by a 
judge or a Queen's Council, 
inn foe Government decided 
that it should be carried out by 
“a professional expert of rec- 
ognized impartiality”, though 
who this will be is not yet 

The Government's decision 
to hold the official inquiry is a 
triumph for foe Isle of Wight- 
based firm of Thornycroft 
Giles, and in particular for Mr 
David Giles, who has cam- 
paigned for years to get the 
concept of the short-fat ship 
accepted, and who submitted 
the radical design for the Type 
23 which was rejected.. 

Mr Giles said yesterday that 
given the strict impartiality of 
the inquiry recommended by 

55^ Radar range/height 

Radar range/height 

Lord HiH-Norton, they would 
furnish all the technical and 
other evidence necessary. 
“However, given a favourable 
outcome for our proposals, 1 
which we confidently expect, 
we hope these will be an early 
opportunity for a British ship- 
yard to pfxt our ideas to foe 
ultimate test by building a full- 
scale ship.” 

Lord HiH-Norton also sup- 
ported the idea of building a 
full-size frigate to the 
Thornycroft Giles design. 

Lord HiU-Norton, introduc- 
ing his report, said that foe 
issue was of great importance 
because with foe defence bud- 
get under pressure it was vital 
that foe Royal Navy should 
obtain the best possible value 

He did not seek to appor- 
tion blame for foe incorrect 
advice which foe Royal Navy 
had received, but the Navy 
“must be given bloody good 
ships, and if vested interests 
get a bloody nose in foe 
process, then so be it”. 

Leamier Class Frigate 
Length: 372 test 
Beam: 43 feet 

Displacement 2962 tons 
Speed: 28 knots 

Sirius < S90* Frigate • 
Length: 311 feet . 

Beam: 63 feet 
Langth/beara ratio: 5:1 
Displacement 2756 tons 

Spaed:' 28 knots ' ’ . 

1 ’ > r'l: 

Spy trial 

defendants = 
from RAF 

By Michael HorsneU 

Three servicemen 

at the end of foe foscredjfed 
Cyprus spy trial last year ha 

SSTfold by foe R ° J S t0 'be 

Force Board foat foey^re to be 

dismissed the service, it was 
disclosed yesterday. 

The force senior air 
craftsmen, who are toM fight the £ 
decision, were informed ot it 
last Thursday, the day fo® 
Ministry of Deft®* * J. 
nounced that large e* 
payments would oe made to 
them and four other defen- 
dants cleared by foe jury- 
That came after themquiry- 

by Mr David Calcutt. QC, into 
interrogation techniques used 

by Armed Services police 
against the accused 

The RAF Board has now 
told the three men still in foe 
service that regardless of mat- 
ters raised during their trial 
“there remain aspects of your 
conduct in relation to your 
period of service in Cyprus . » 
which are not compatible with 
continued service in foe- 

The’ Ministry of Defence- 
yesterday declined to specify 
foe allegations. 

The three men. Senior . 
Aircraftsman Gwynfor Owen, 
aged 23, SAC Geoffrey Jones, 
aged 20, and SAC Wayne 
Kriehn, aged 22, who have 
been given certificate notify- 
ing consideration of discharge,', 
have been given a week to 
appeal They are all believed 
to be asking for foe allegations 
to be fully specified. 

Four of the other men in the 
case left foe service after * 
deciding not to ask for their 
engagements to be extended, 
and another left at his own 
request on April 1. 

Seven of foe eight were 
acquitted last October on 
charges under foe Official 
Secrets AcL No charges were 
brought against the eighth. 

It was Britain's largest, 
lengthiest and most costly spy 
trial and involved an alleged 
spy ring based 9 Signals 
Regiment, stationed in 

Mr Calcutt’s report con- 
cluded that there were breach- 
es of regulations when the 
men were held 

The three who are to be £ 
dismissed the service are 
based at RAF West Drayton, 
west London, where they re- 
ceived a summons last week 
to ‘ attend the Ministry of 

SAC Owen, from Colwyn 
Bay, north Wales, said yester- 
day: “My conduct in Cyprus 
was exemplary. The only' 
charge p ro f fered against me 
there was that I once lost my- 
identity card. The allegation 
of conduct incompatible with 
continued service is slander- 
ous. It is equivalent to a 
dishonourable discharge.” 

! The ministry said: “We 
cannot give foe reasons, but 
care was taken to disregard ^ 
any matters which were con- ■ 
tested on foe Official Secrets 
Act triaL” 

The Botham case 

Those who sat in judgment at Lord’s 

By John Goodbody 

The members of foe Test 
and County Cricket Board 
disciplinary committee who 
considered Ian Botham’s case 

Mr Peter Bromage, aged 52, 
chairman in place of Mr Colin 
Atkinson, who comes from 
Botham's county of Somerset 
A senior partner in a firm of 
Biiroingham solicitors, Mr 
Bromage is a man of rounded 
interests and a great believer 
in natural justice. Cambridge- 
educated and the Staffordshire 
representative on foe Rugby 
Football Union, he is a keen 
golfer, and has been a member 
of foe Warwickshire County 
Cricket Committee for six 

Dr Akc B u rnett, aged 72, is a 
retired GP from Tenbury 
Wells and a former anaes- 

thetist at Kidderminster Gen- 
eral Hospital His knowledge 
of drugs was useful to foe 
committee. He was chairman 
of Worcestershire for five- 
and-a-half years until last 
year. A knowledgeable 

Mr Spen Cams, is former 
president of Sussex and one of 
their trustees. He became a 
millionaire through property 
deals and his money has 
allowed him to enjoy a 
favourite recreation of watch- 
ing crickcL He has often seen 
England teams playing abroad 
and has a lasting fondness for 

Mr Eddie Crash, aged 69, was 
a former swing bowler of Kent 
from 1945-49 before he foe 
professional at Dover College. 
He owned a sports shop In 

Dover and is a man of 
rigorous principles. 

Mr David Graveney, aged 33, 
present treasurer and foe rep- 
resentative of foe Cricketers' 
Association of players educat- 
ed at Millfield, made his 
county debut in 1972 and has 
been captain since 1981. A 
well respected contemporary 
county cricketer. 

Mr Ken Graveney, aged 61. 
former president of Glouces- 
tershire, father of David and 
elder brother of Tom. One of 
72 first class cricketers to have 
taken 10 wickets in an innings 
since it was first achieved in 

Mr Alan Moss, aged 55, a 
professional who took more 
than 1,300 first class wickets 
between 1950 and 1968. Most 

were for Middlesex but 21 
were for England. He went 
into publishing after retiring 
and is now treasurer of Mid- 
dlesex. A man of strong 

Mr Wyn Craven, chairman of- 
Glamorgan since 1984 and a 
former captain of Swansea' 
Cricket Gub. A retired region- 
al director of Barclays Bank; 
his wide experience of man 
management has marta him 
useful to foe committee. 

Mr Tony Cawdry, chairman of 
Yorkshire's finance commit- 
tee and a specialist in insur- 
ance. The county's member 
for Halifax. His middle-of-the 
road stance over the Geoffrey 
Boycott affair allowed him to 
survive the purge in York- 
shire. A practical realist 

Pub drinkers in South 
‘paying too much 9 



By Cliff Feltham 

Issued by foe Department for National Savings on behalf of HM Treasury. 

Customers in foe Sooth of 
England are paying too much 
for their pint of beer, a leading 
regional brewer said 

Mr David Thompson, man- 
aging director of Wolverhamp- 
ton and Dudley Breweries, 
said: “I would not pay £1 a 
pint, which is what people are 
expected to pay in pubs in the 
Sooth, It is just not good value 
for money.” 

The group sells a pint of 
mild for 61p and strong bitter 

Mr Thompson said: “In the 
South people seem to have 
stopped going to pubs. Beer 
should be good value and pub 
going should be a normal 
happy social activity. 

“For £5 in one of our pubs 
yon can have six pints c i beer, 
a packet offags and a go on foe 
fruit machine.” 

Wolverhampton and Dudley 
claims to have increased beer 
sales at a time whoa national 

consumption is failing. Yester- 
day it reported a 20 per cent 
rise in profits for the first half 
of this year. 

Last night the Brewers Soci- 
ety said: “We cannot comment 
on Mr Thompson’s remarks. 
Pricing is a matter for ioditid- 
nal brewers bat we are aware 
there are regional variations. 
It all depends on costs." 

A spokesman for Coinage 
said: “The retail price of a pint 
is determined by the mdbhinal 
tenant or the free house licens- 
ee and the prices they charge 
reflect foe cost of running the 
business and the facilities drey 
provide. For instance, in foe 
South they will have to pay 
higher salaries, and property 
costs are also higher.” 

Mr Thompson disagrees. “I 
think foe b re wers take « mnch 
more relaxed view of their 
gross margins in the South 
where they cannot always get 
round foe pubs to exercise 
proper control the way we are 
able to in the Midlands.” 

affecting shipments in and around the Persian Gulf, valued in excess ol £MO0OOj5oo. 



mgs and runners... 

and others from the more important weaving centres of the East 

Mngan ancient ertfcnnwWeh worn accumulated In both Europe and the Unted States for exhibition and 

Duelo these un fcy M sawiarcttfnstances and the BKffxxngurtfaasg^ the prptohrabwnn IrmunmMu 

Airport, and others, Uwy now have been rammed and must be dlspotod ot immetfatety by Auction. 

Due to the vast number at pieces and value invoked me auctions have teen divided into sixteen *eomta 

collections thus affording avwyona an equal opportunity to acquire one or more ot these masterple3s& 
Hio final aoaalon of Auction Sates wffl bo hold on Sunday 1st June, i^atthstaoowha 

locaionaAliawaiofHwacornnwiceat^prnloc^thrtePreview^orTehcHjrprkytoaocjjontjj^ ^ 




KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA, USA. Deutschmarks or Frer«*FrarSmd an 


AjcttontWKEdwwdlfeB! andAmocfetos. 014227800 

_ L. 




Staff use their 


private nursing agency 

V Twenty-four nurses have 
■; pul up lBeir savings to join a 
: £15.3 million management 
buy-out of their private nurs- 

_ _sy are among the 43 new 
'. shareholders of -Nestor-BNA 
.. ^ which runs the British Nure- 
:^ ?ing Association, Europe's big- 
. .. ■ gesi private nursing service, 
' with 28,000 nurses on its 
books. It also owns four 
,-\ nursing homes, manages three 
- . ' hospitals and provides a 
doctors' deputising service in 
. Birmingham and Liverpool. 

By Patricia Clough 

Mr Michael Rogers, the 
mana g in g director, said yes- 
terday that he and - his team 
were hoping to arrange for the 
rest of the 850 staff to ha ve the 
chance of buying shares when 
they float the Hatfield-based 
company on the Stock Ex- 
change, probably next year. 

The nurse-shareholders, all 
of whom already held man- 
agement positions in the com- 
’ gany, put Up sums rang in g 
from a thousand to “tens of 
thousands” of pounds, de- 
pending on their status and 


Call for freeze on pay 
award to be scrapped 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

The Royal 
ing called on the 
yesterday to reconsider 
decision to impose a three- 
month pay freeze far 500,000 
nurses and mid wives and 
urged it to fund their 7 Jt per 
cent pay award in fhlL 

In a letter to the nine 
Minister, -Mr Trevor Gay, 
general secretary of the col- 
lege, said: “I cannot over- 
emphasize how bitterly the 
stajpngfrom July lis resented 
throughout the nursing 

The decision to delay the 
award from April 1 has re- 
duced its value this year to 5.9 
per cent, and together with the 
phasing of last year's award . 
means that “a ward sister at 
the top of her scale has thus 
lost over £800 in two years, the 
equivalent of (me whole year’s 
increase,*’ Mr Gay said. 

Noses who retired before 
July 1 would find their pension 
based on last year’s pay rates, 
“scant reward for a lifetime of 
dedicated service*’. 

Mr Gay said the council of 
the college wanted to express 
its anger and frustration in 

the Cabinet to recon- 
sider tts dedshm on the award. 

“It is not a sign of a caring 
government that a medicine 
prescribed for the beginning of 
April is not administered until 
Jul* I* 

The Government has 
£50 mOUon available in En- 
gland to help t» meet the cost 
of the award, «iknt»h»s 
that the lower than forecast 
nte of inflation win save about 

£20 million enabling health 

authorities - to balance their 

Bid Mr Gay said the college 
council doubted whether that 
would release additional funds 
for the National Wealth Ser- 
vice. He said: “There is deal 
evidence that medical and 
hospital costs are rising faster 
than toe general rate of 

inflation . * * 

There were djfficahies in 
recruiting nurses, and pay had 
“once again beat used as a 
stick with which to beat toe 
health service" . be said. 
“Nurses resent toe inference 
of ‘Maine’ attached to thenr 
justified increases in pay." 

finances, he said. The move 
was “quite unusual, probably 

One. Miss Roz Davies^ged 
40. the BNA area superin- 
tendent For the South-west, 
said: “It is a wonderful oppor- 
tunity. We are really very 
pleased about ft. 

“Most of the giris concerned 
have worked really hard for 
the BNA over the years and it 
is the first time they have had 
a chance to participate. Now 
they will be able to reap the 
rewards of any growth of the 
company.” . 

‘ Miss Jennifer Priestley, 
aged 39, managing director or 
Nestor Medical Services 
which runs the nursing homes 
and hospitals, had no qualms 
about nurses going into busi- 
ness . “Nursing is very good 
training for management. It is 
a very practical t raining , you 
learn to be nice to people and 
sell yourself Nurses adapt 
very well 

“Our main objective is 
caring for patients and we are 
creating the structures to be 
able to do that even better. 
Our stake in the company is 
not just financial, it is also 
emotional The more commit- 
ted and motivated the staff 
are. the better they, can look 
after patients." 

Both emphasized that the 
actual running of the company 
was unlikely to change since 
the nurses already had a strong 
voice in its affairs. 

“I’m very, very glad they 
had the opportunity to get a 
slice of the action,” Mr Rogers 
said. “They deserved it” 

The management put to- 
gether about £500,000 to buy 
the company from BAT In- 
dustries. which acquired it as 
part of the Eagle Star takeover. 
Another £4 million was 
loaned by the National West- 
minster Bank, whikthe 3i, a 
financial company, and the 
Prudential each took half of 
the initial issue of right-and-a- 
fralf mifli rm shares. 

at W 

Palace fire 
victim was 

Lady Gale, who died in the 
Hampton- Court Palace fire 
last -March, was frail and 
forgetful and it was possible 
that a match or candle flame 
could have started a^fire. near 
her bed. the Royal Coroner 
was told yesterday. . 

The Coroner of the Queen's 
Household, Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel George McEwan, said that 
Lady Gate, aged 76, had died 
from carbon monoxide 

The inquest heard that the 
fire, which gutted the private 
apartments at Hampton Court 
in foe early hours of March 31, 
probably started in Lady 
Gale's bedroom. 

On the night of the fire two 
officers at Hampton Court 
went to Lady Gale’s apart- 
ment after an intruder device 
had been set oft When they 
opened the door to her apart- 
ment they were forced back by 
flames and raised the alartn. 

Miss Maria Nunes, a Span- 
ish au pair who was a close 
companion of foe widow, said 
that she was “frail and 

Miss Minnagb said it was 
posable that a cigarette or the 
naked flame from a match or a 
candle may have ignited pa- 
pers next to Lady Gale's bed. 

Lady Gale and her late 
Husband, General Sir Richard 
Gale, had lived at Hampton 
Court since 1970. 

An open verdict was re- 

• i ** - - 



Smile to draw 
tourists, dour 
Scots told 

The Scots were told yester- 
day to smile a bit more if they 
warn to encourage tourists. 

Mr Alan Devereux, chair- 
man of foe Scottish Tourist 
Board said that in some parts 
pf Scotland it was time that 
*more socks were pulled up” 
and the gap narrowed between 
foe good and foe indifferent 
. “Success in the long-term 
depends on delivering the 
customer value for money 
with a smile, not on having 
good luck with the weather. 

- "With the noticeable ab- 
sence of Americans we urgent- 
ly need to adopt this formula 
Uniformly throughout 

„ Mr Devereux, who was 
opening a tourist information 
centre at Banchory, Kincar- 
dineshire, said that tourism 
business was returning to 

Tracey to end TV 
sport-tobacco link 

By Sheila Gnu, Political Staff 
Legislation to ban the tele- 

vising of tobacco-sponsored' 
sports events is likely unless 
broadcasters bring m their 
own controls. • - 

Mr Richard Tracey, Minis- 
ter for Sport,is detenmnedtp 
stop coverage of events where 
cigarette advertisements are 
prominently displayed - 

He has the backing of the 
Sports Council and the British 
Medical Association, which 
both want tobacco company 
sponsorship of sport phased 
out because of concern that it 
jinks healthy activities with 

The voluntary agreement 
between foe Government and 
the tobacco companies ran out 
at the end of! 985. Mr Tracey 
is starting talks on new guide- 
lines with the Tobacco Advi- 
sory Council next month. - 

Previously, be has said that 
he preferred a voluntary agree- 
ment to legislation. In Febru- 
ary, he did not support a 
backbench Bill to phase out 
sprats sponsorship % tobacco 
companies over three years, 
which was “talked out” of the 
Commons. But be is now 

.known to be prepared (o.back 
such a move if necessary. 

An opinion poll showed 
that most children believed 
cigarettes here still advertised 
on television. Mr Tracey has 
.expressed his concern in the 
'Commons that many people 
saw the showing of tobacco- 
sponsored snooker contests: 
and other spans as a way 
through the advertising ban. 

An Independent' Broadcast- 
ing Authority spokesman said 
that by coincidence the ITV 
companies had been showing 
less tobacco-sponsored sport 
recently but it would have to 
study the implications of 
tighter controls. 

A BBC spokesman said foe 
situation had not changed 
since Mr Bill Cotton, manag- 
ing director of BBC Televi- 
sion, called- for a complete 
reassessment of foe issue in a 
letter to The Times last 

Mr Cotton emphasized the 
problems of providing first- 
class coverage of sporting 
events while being required to 
sit in judgement on possible 
infringements of the 

Government cash plea 
by Games organizers 

By a Staff Reporter 

Organizers of the 13th Com- 
monwealth Games, which 
open in Edinburgh in two 
months’ time, have asked foe 
Government to underwrite a 
possible £1.5 million shortfall 
in their budget 

The Games are the first to 
be funded by private enter- 
prise but because of uncertain- 
ties over bow many Com- 
monwealth athletes, will 
compete, the organizers fear 
the £14 million budget may 
not cover foe costs. 

Mr Kenneth. Borfowick, 
chairman of the Games, Iras 
written to Mr Malcolm 
Rifldnd, Secretary of State for 
Scotland, asking for a change 
of government policy towards 
the Games. 

He refused to give derails 
but it is understood that foe 
letter pointed but the prestige 
and benefits to Scotland of 
bolding the competition in 
Edinburgh and foe difficulty 
of finding funds from private 
sources . in the present eco- 
nomic ctimate. 

Mr Maurice Griffiths, direc- 
tor of the fund-raising consor- 

tium, said yesterday that its 
members expected to reach 
their own target of £8.5 mil- 
lion to £9 million. “If there is 
a shortfall then clearly the 
organizers need to know 
where foe money is coming 
from, and who is prepared to 
underwrite it ; 

“More particularly, if they 
do produce 3,200 athletes 
instead of 2,750 then huge 
smrn will be involved for a 
second village, a second secu- 
rity system and extra tran- 

Mr Griffiths said that foe 
consortium had already raised 
£6.5 million. 

It is understood foe letter to 
Mr Rifitind is the first formal 
app ro ac h to the Government 
for help, although the Games 
organizers have regularly un- 
officially raised the possibility 
of funding with ministers only 

to be rejected. 

The organizers said that 
there would be no question of 
cancelling foe Games or of foe 
limited company set up to 
raise foe money going bank- 




• ' •' 







LUCE. MAN . — - — 

, sefev. urefcuo, VALTAT. I VUQH 

5. rue Rameau - 78000 .VERSAILLES 
* Tel: (1) 39 50 55 06 + 


EXHIBITIONS: 6-7-S-9 Bid 10 JUNE 9-12 a.m_ and 2-6 p.m. 
EVENING EXHIBITION: MObKDiAY 9 JUN E 198 6 from 9-11 p.m. 

Mr Chris Greener, aged 43, Britain's tallest wan at 7 ft 6% ins, bead and shoulders above the crowd in the West End of 
London yesterday, where be was promoting tomorrow afternoon's record-breaking activities for children at the Trocadero 
Centre, Piccadilly, organized by the Guinness World of Records exhibition. (Photograph: John Voos) 

Head teachers 9 conference 

£ 100m demand to 
cut GCSE ‘risk’ 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Governors get say 
on suspensions 

By Oar Education Correspondent 

Head teachers yesterday de- 
manded more money and staff 
if the Government insisted on 
going ahead with introducing 
foe new General Certificate of 
Secondary Education exami- 
nation in September. 

.A motion, carried over- 
whelmingly at the National 
Association of Head Teachers 
conference in Cardiff; said the 
success of many pupils taking 
the new examination in 1988 
would be at risk. 

“If the Government is de- 
termined to implement this 
reform regardless of our ad- 
vice then the only responsible 
course open to tire new Secre- 
tary of State is to provide 
without delay such resources 
as the profession deems neces- 
sary to ensure foal this risk is 
reduced to an absolute 
minim um,” the resolution 

The association is demand- 
ing £100 million for the- new 
examinati on; the Government 
has .given between £20 million 

and £30 million. 

^ : 
The motion before foe con- 
ference was substantially 
changed under pressure from 
the association's executive. 
The resolution had previously 
called on Mr Kenneth Baker, 

the new Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, to 
revise foe time scale for foe 
new examination, but that was 
clearly regarded as unrealistic. 

Mr Graham Leech, bead of 
Range High School in Sefton, 
Merseyside, said: “If foe Gov- 
ernment is determined to 
implement this reform then 
foe only responsible course is 
to provide without delay such 
resources as we need.” 

The co-operation and good- 
will of teachers would only be 
forthcoming if extra money 
was available, he emphasized 

“My message to the Gov- 
ernment is dear. *Give us the 
resources and we will do our 
very best to make GCSE work. 
Fail to do so and the conse- 
quences could be disastrous, 
not only for our pupils but for 
you also' ” 

• Mr Baker said later that 
GCSE exam courses will begin 
this year as planned (foe Press 
Association reports). 

“Any delay would he 
unrealistic,” he said during a 
visit to two schools in Bolton. 

“Resources have been made 
available and it is inevitable 
that we must stick to our 

Governors are to have a say 
in the suspension of pupils. 
Government ministers have 
made foe concession to head 
teachers on the clause in foe 
Education Bill, it was dis- 
closed yesterday. 

Although ministers are per- 
sisting in giving local educa- 
tion authorities the final 
power to reinstate a pupil in a 
school which has suspended 
him, they have conceded that 
before such a reinstatement 
foe school governors should 
be consulted 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of foe National As- 
sociation of Head Teachers, 
said yesterday that foe pro- 
posed amendment was quite 
inadequate. “I have written 
back to say that this is not 
nearly good enough,” be said 

The association is asking for 
an independent panel to be set 
up in every local education 
authority to resolve difficult 
cases of suspension and has 
drafted an amendment © foe 
Bill to that effect 

It hopes that would avoid 
disasters such as the Pounds- 
wkk High School dispute in- 
Manchester where five boys, 
suspended for daubing graffiti 
abusive to teachers on school 
walls, were reinstated by foe 
local council. 

The school day should be 
shortened because parents 
preferred It and children's 
performance improved, head 
teachers said yesterday. 

The National Association of 
Head Teachers will set up a 
working party to look into the 
issues after pressure from its 

Sir David Ogg, head of the 
Park Primary School in 
Runcorn, told foe association^ 
annual conference that he had 
shortened his school day by op 
to 45 minutes for some chil- 
dren as a result of the 
teachers’ pay dispate and be- 
caese teachers were refusing 
to do lunchtime supervision. 

He has reduced the lunch 
break to 45 minutes for the 
juniors and 55 minutes for the 


That led to the teachers 
being suspended for refusing 
to teach pupils and whole 
classes missing lessons. The 
dispute is still going on and 
has become a cause (Hebre w 
foe world of teacher politics. 

The association is pressing 
for other amendments to foe 
Education Bill, now before 
Parliament, on the curriculum 
and discipline generally. 

UGC demands ‘have air of unreality’ 

By Ronald Faux 

Many universities will have 
to exchange stafi^ call for early 
retirements or make new ap- 
pointments to meet the de- 
mands of the University 
Grants Committee, Sir Ken- 
neth Alexander, vice-chancel- 
lor of Stirling University, said 

Responding to foe com- 
mittee's proposals, he called 
for a more effective approach 
to higher education planning. 

Stirling is one of the smaller 
universities to have been badly 
affected by the new alloca- 
tions, suffering a cat in real 
terms of about £500,000 in 
UGC funding, and a “dis- 
appointing” reduction in its 

number of British and EEC 

Sir Kenneth pointed out that 
while foe UGC might require 
such big changes. the mecha- 
nisms or finance to bring them 
about did not exist “There Is 
an air of unreality about the 
whole process,” be said. 

Stirling was clearly disap- 
pointed at the ratings achieved 
by its various departments. It 
was judged to be above average 
in only three, average in seven 
and below average in nine. In 
spite of the internationally 
recognized quality and foe 
contributions of Stiriing’s 
aqua-culture research, it had 
not been accorded a top rating. 

Sir Kenneth put that down 
to the different emphasis 
placed by the research council 
of pure and applied science. 

He said that it was the first 
attempt by the UGC and the 
research councils to develop a 
new selectivity approach. It 
was important to remember 
that the methodology used was 
in its infancy. 

The procedures fell for short 
of perfection and it was impor- 
tant, he said, to recognize that 
shortfall in funding for the 
university system as a whole 
overhung the process. Inevita- 
bly distorting its outcome. 

Sir Kenneth said that the 

problems of introducing new 
universities to the system had 
never been thought through 
properly; neither had the prob- 
lems of altering the size and 
shape of the system. 

The result was some waste- 
ful and painful “ad-boccery”. 

Stirling, for example, oper- 
ated on a different system. 
There were two semesters and 
a degree of flexibility in choice 
that did not fit very easily into 
the kind of planning in which 
the UGC had been engaged. 
Sir Kenneth said: “That is not 
their fault and it is not our 
fault but it reveals a lack of 
sensitivity in the system.” 

Bomb trial 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 
A woman accused of con- 
spiring in an IRA campaign to 
bomb British resorts last year 
told a jury yesterday that she; 
was a supporter of the Repub- 
lican cause, but she was not a 
member of the Provisional 

Miss Martina Anderson 
told the Central Criminal 
Court that she came from 
Ireland last year to help Irish' 
prisoners on the run, but she 
knew nothing of any borabt 

Miss Anderson, aged 23, of 
Brin crane, Co Donegal, is 
charged with another woman; 
and three men, including Pat- 
rick Magee, who has pleaded 
not guilty to placing the bomb 
at the Grand HoteC Brighton,' 
with conspiracy to cause ex-, 
plosions last year between 
January and June. All five 
defendants have pleaded not; 

Yesterday, Miss Anderson/ 
described how she was arrest- 
ed at a Glasgow flat with the 
other four defendants. She: 
said that she first met Mr 
Magee and Mr Peter Sherry* 
another defendant, at foe fla^ 
two hours before a police raid. 

She had come from Ireland 
a week earlier after being 
asked by a woman called, 
Maggie to help Irish prisoners. 

During cross-examination 
by Mr Roy Amlot, for the 
prosecution, she explained 
how fingerprints could have 
got on to a piece of cigarette 
paper containing details of an 
alleged bombing calendar 
found on Mr Magee, and a 
diagram found with a bomb 

Miss Anderson said that she 
sometimes smoked home- 
made cigarettes, and she 
might have left her print on 
paper as a packet of cigarette 
papers was passed to someone 
else. The diagram might have 
been on top of a tool box in a 
Glasgow flat she had visited. , 
She told the court that sho 
did not know what she would, 
have done if she had discov- 
ered a bomb campaign was 
being planned. 

Mr Amlot asked: “You are,' 
of course. Republican?” Miss 
Anderson said she was. He' 
added: “Were you at that time. 
a member of the Provisional. 
IRA?” Miss Anderson said: “I 
was not” 

. She agreed that she had raid. 
she was honoured to be help-; 
ing ; v Republican prisoners.- 
Asketg by Mr Justice Borehanf 
if .she would be prepared to- 
help escaped IRA prisoners; 
she said she would. 

Under cross-examination 
she agreed that when arrested 
in Glasgow last year she was 
wanted by the police in Norths 
era Ireland. 

Miss Anderson denied pos : 
sessing a Browning handgun, 
found in her handbag by; 
police. She told the court that 
she had only learnt of the gun 
during evidence at a 
magistrates' court appearance, 
some time after her arrest. 

Miss Anderson said that she- 
had gone to Glasgow before 
going to London with two 
other defendants to meet a 
man on the ran who was to be 
escorted to safety in 
Copenhagen. * 

She told the court that she 
was not prepared to identify 
the woman called Maggie. 
Later Miss EJla O'Dwyer, aged! 
27, from the Irish Republic, 
told foe court that she loo had 
been recruited to help prison- 
ers. She denied being a mem- 
ber of foe Provisional IRA or 
to having any knowledge of a 
bomb plot. 

The trial continues today. 

Firms give 
Britain a 
bad name 

By Robin Young 

British firms which sell 
faulty goods, break delivery 
dates, mid provide no reliable 
after-rales service are to blame 
for demoting Britain to the 
bottom of the international 
economic league table, the 
chairman of the National 
Consumer Council daimed 

In a lecture at Oxford 
Polytechnic, Mr Michael 
Montague, an industrialist 
and chairman of the Valor 
company, suggested that In- 
dustry Year should he retitled 
foe Year of the Consumer. 

“There cannot be a consum- 
er in foe land who has not 
waited in vain for a new three- 
piece suite to arrive, or a 
plumber to put in an appear- 
ance, or the telephone man to 
deal with a fault. It defeats me 
how companies can put such 
high value on their own time 
and so little value on foe time 
of the consumer.” 

Some British Sims, Mr 
Montague claimed, have bet- 
ter organized service arrange- 
ments overseas than they do at 
home. “They should stop 
seeing foe UK as their own 
backyard and provide proper 
backup services here,” he said, 
citing the British motor cycle 
and typewriter industries as 
examples that had been driven 
out of existence by foe loss of 
consumer support 

price cut 
‘too small’ 

Energy C 

Electricity price reductions 
of three per cent due to be 
announced in foe wake of 
lower contract prices for coal 
delivered to power stations are 
too small, the London Elec- 
tricity Consultative Council 

The price cuts would still 
leave customers of foe Lon- 
don Electricity Board paying 
more for their power than is 
justified by the state of foe 
beard's finances. 

Mr Christopher Bourne, 
chairman of the consultative 
council, said yesterday: “The 
i-F-B has a history of over- 
charging customers, relative 
to foe costs of running foe 
business. During foe first five 
years in foe 1980s, it contin- 
ually overshot all its target 
profit levels and received rates 
of return on capital much 
higher than those consistent 
with economic pricing. 

“All the surpluses have been 
extracted from the LEB — 
which means from London 
customers' pockets — by an 
ever-receptive Treasury, with 
few, if any, benefits of conse- 
quence to Londoners. 

“While welcoming the pros- 
pect of a general price cut for 
all UK customers, including 
Londoners, we are sure that 
LEB can and should reduce its 
charges by a i least 4 per cent 
and freeze them for 18 


The relief you’ ve^^-g^ been waiting for 




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, To OBAS. 1 am « — 

I bHBH OBASoet hocqrriir bexfa. | unrtiuuiniJ there v 

I ORIS nhtipiinn of Mif 

Name (Hr, Md, Ms) — 


j Address — 



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Ip and 
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ng by 
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which » 
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; and a 
are on 
ter 45p 
oath at 

d ReE- 

lOp to 

t at the 
L New- 
a quiet ’ 
rice of it 

s were 
t 49p. 
’s trad- 
ed 7p 

■ting at 


ind Oil 
r-7 per m 




46 +2 nd 

3-3 7J 

590 ier 

2 ho 


renting — i I 
interest _ . 1 
t>fir was — I 
was 781 _ ® 


the six I 
he divi- I 

Lias:- 1 

16,740— . 
:nds — i 
9.517),- , 
■0) and — I 
(1,610), - 
on was 'Wj 
on ex- " 

5) and 





1986 . 



Y30 1986 

Population decline in 
London and big cities 
halted, census says 

- London has stopped losing 
population, and the rate of 
decline in the other largest 
cities of Fn gjan fl and Wales 
has also been reduced, accord- 
ing to new figures released by 
the Office of Population Cen- 
suses and Surveys. 

: ; The population estimates 
Sir mid- 1985 show that be- 
tween 1984 and 1985 there 
were small increases in popu- 
lation for both Inner and 
Outer London. 

. :The population of Outer 
London, at 4,225,500, was 
bach to the level of 1981, a 
natural increase of 34,900 due 
to the excess of births over 
deaths being precisely bal- 
anced by population loss due 
to migration and other 
changes. In Inner London the 
population was still 38,000 
fewer than in 1981, bat 3^200 
more than in 1984. 

. In the metropolitan districts 
of the largest cities the popula- 

tion fell by 0.5 per cent per 
year between 1981 and 1985, 
but that compared with a rate 
of decline which was 0.8 per 
cent in the late 1970s. 

Population losses continued 
in the metropolitan counties 
of England, though generally 
at a lower rate than during the 
late 1970s and early 198%. 

■Merseyside was the metro- 

politan county with the largest 
fell of population, nearly 3 per 

By Robin Yoang 
cent down since 1981. Within 
Merseyside the districts of 
Liverpool and Knowsley both 
experienced losses of more 
than 4 per cent 

No other metropolitan dis- 
tricts showed such large losses, 
but Solihull in the West 
Midlands was the only one to 
register any real growth since 

In the non-metropolitan 
counties the annual rate of 
growth has been increasing 
since 1981, but the average 
rate for the period has re- 
mained lower than it was in 
the late 1970s. 

The non-metropolitan 
counties with the greatest 
proportionate increases were 
all in the south of England. ' 
Buckinghamshire, Dorset and 
Cambridgeshire all achieved 
increases around 5 per cent 
between 1981 and 1985, while 
Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Corn- 
wall, the Isle of Wight and 
Somerset all grew by 4 per 

At district level the largest 
increases were registered by 
Milton Keynes (22 per cent) 
and Wokingham ( 1 6 per cent), 
while retirement areas close to 
the south coast also showed 
marked increases, examples 
being Wim borne, Dorset, up 
10 per cent, and Christchurch 
up 7 per cent. Port and 
retirement areas generally in- 

creased their rates of growth 
during the 1980s. 

Counties which lost popula- 
tion over the 1981 to 1985 
period included Cleveland, 
Durham and West Olamoigan 
{each down by about 2 per 
cent), and Humberside and 
Mid Glamorgan which yield- 
ed about 1 percent each. 

The districts contributing 
most to those declines were 
industrial cities such as Mid- 
dlesbrough and Kingston- 

Nationally the OFCS esti- 
mate is that the population of 
England increased by 155,000 
(3 per cent) between 1984 and 
1985, while Wales 1 population 
increased by only 5,000 (0.2 

The estimates are derived 
from the 1981 census figures 
updated to allow for subse- 
quent births, deaths and mi- 
gration. A detailed account of 
recent population changes, 
and how they compare with 
those during the 1971 to 1981 
decade, is to appear in the 
summer issue of the Office's 
publication. Population 

OPCS Monitor. Reference PPl 
86/2 (available from Informa- 

— -aJ'iT THriifiM 

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I !' V'J"! ...'LL 

Chaplain General of the Army, tire Yen Frank Johnston; nmphiw in Chief; Royal Air Force, the Yen Gtyn Renowden; and Chaplain of the Fleet, Royal 

Nary, the Yen Noel Jones (Flol^npl: John Vdos). 

Historic Tudor house to be sold for £8 

tion Branch (Dept M), Office of 
Population Censuses and Sur- 

Po pula tion Censuses and Sur- 
veys, St Catherine's House. 10 
Kings way, London, WC2B 

Suttoa Place, one of the 
most important Todor houses 
in England and the former 
home of the world's richest 
man J. Paid Getty, is to be 
sold for more than £8 million. 

One of the earliest English 
manor houses constructed 
purely for dwelling purposes 
without defence previous, 
Sutton Place was bought by 
Mr Stanley Seegar, a m3fioo- 
ahe from Wisconsin, in 1980 

for £8 millin g. 

He is estimated to hare 
spent a further £5 million to 
£10 millioa restoring the 
house and pnW<f ( jcwfadwitg 
the construction of the largest 
domestic lake in Europe for 
two centuries. 

The decision to sell follows 
the Sutton Place Heritage 
Trust’s surrender of its lease 
of the house and central parts 
of the estate. 

Mr Anthony Cane, of Strutt 
Parker, tbe estate agents, said: 
“It is just like selling a house 
with a sitting tenant. ” 

The trust, which promotes 
the arts at Sutton Place, is 
being forced to give up its lease 
because it cannot obtain fund- 
ing on n permanent basis. 

A spokesman for the trust, 
set np in 1980* said the main 
patron was Mr Seegar. The 
trust had been founded direct- 

ly or indirectly through him. It 
bow appeared, she said, that 
he had decided to withdraw Ms 

The house, built between 
1521 and 1526 by Sir Richard 
Weston, a favourite courtier of 
Henry Vffl, stands in an 
unspoiled setting near Guild- 
ford amid 783 acres Including 
cottages, offices, woodland 
and pasture. 

Mr Cane said fte local 

authority, Woking. Borough 
CoundL had indicted that fa 
principle it would consider a 
change ef nse to a hotel, 
educational establishment, 
company headquarters or con- 
ference centre. 

The house is steeped in 
history. It was there that 
Henry VOI would occasional- 
l y take Aune Boteyn, Ins 

These companies 

Young offenders 
face more custody 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

are helping twenty one 

Measures which are expect- on ways to make more effi- 
ed to increase the use of dent use of young offender 

custody for young offenders accommodation was disclosed 
and revise the use of accom- by Mr Hurd in resp o nse to a 

modation for short, sharp report by Sir James Hcnnessy, 
shock treatment are being Chief Inspector of Prisons, on 

considered by Mr Douglas Usk detention centre 

Hurd, ffie Home Secretary. 
Detention centre s , with 

GwenL • - • • 

Government proposals for 

their emphasis on strict disci- young offenders were criti- 
pfine and regim entatio n, are rized yesterday by the Nation- 

21 year olds 

anderused, implying that they a) Association for the Care and 
are unpopular with magts- Resettlement of Offenders as 

trates. While the rest of the particularly disturbing. 

prison system is overcrowded. One pbn being considered 

the centres, which can hold is the introduction of suspend- 
1,721, contain only 1,178 ed sentences for offenders 


aged under 21. Miss Vivien 

It was only a year ago that Stenvthe association's direc- 
the Government announced tor, said at a. conference on 

tell British Industry 

that all 18 detention centres juvenile crime yesterday that 

would go. over to die new there was over wh e l ming evi- 
regime. Yet two have already dence that more custody 

regime. Yet two have already dence .that more custody 
born converted to youth <nxs~wouJdtesuiL A' third of sn$* 

tody use. 

Although the Government activated.^, 

pended s entence were later 

intends to keep Shalt, sharp She rieserifird as alarminga 

shock treatment in detention White Paper proposal to in- 
centres, it is also considering crease; or make exceptions to. 

where toga 

seeking powas to use vacant the 12-mouth maximum on 
accommodation in them to youth custody sentences for 

house youth custody trainees offenders aged under 17. That 

with short sentences. 

would increase the chances of 

The Government's thinking re-offending, she said. 

French to give 
D-Day Brito 





j o 





- As part of the 21st anniversary celebrations of the CBI, 
and because this is Industry Year, we offered 21 year olds a 
chance to tell British industry where to go. 

. Now 21 regional finalists have each been awarded £500, 
and introduced to one of the CBI member companies 
listed here. 

‘ With the help of their ‘sponsoring company each finalist 

will now prepare a final paper expanding on the same theme. 
The overall winner will receive £5,000 to further his or 
her careen 

When the winner is announced in September we suspect 
that more than a few captains of industry and one or two 
people in Whitehall and Westminster will be very interested 
in what he or she has to say 

5 ff 

^USa/uf Schweppes 

British Rail 


Electricity — Jt the heart of industry .nd commerce 
ptonduK cnogy for hie 

Cadbury Mnrcppe* supports the 21 21 companion 
whidi exempBCes the obiecthes of industxy ter BSo 

Vfc’re gening that: taster In Indusuy \fesr with our 4JQOO 
21 year olds and a workfctps prying wungar everyday 

The- worlds leadina Kbss iouipa ny? Happy- ro 
aKauafg Britain i> bright ynuiv; Bntuns. 


H B 

One man died and another 
was slightly hurt when their 
van and a commuter train 
crashed on a level crossing 
south of Chester yesterday. 

The accident happened at 
about 730am on die Wrex- 
ham to Chester line. The van, 
carrying about eight work- 
men, is thought to have bean 
on the unmanned crossing at 
Dodleston lane, Pulfond, at 
the time. 

The injured man was treat- 
ed at the Countess of Chester 
hospital for bruises. No one 
was hurt on the Wrexham- 
bound passenger train, which 
stopped 200 yards away. 

British Rail is to launch an 

public inquiry. 

Cu» Vredl Is tajipy rj he x-U-d with (he CBI 21. 21 

Vcfikerosay^bS’ lo young people. 

tSe mean bu$ness — imemananaDy — m TechnotogK Basal 
and femL Music COommcr and Commeraa! products. 

Vbii can be sure ofStei — Tb support youthful initiative 
and enterprise. 

Ulster tourism 


: With an ryeoycum; minds and fresh lebas. 

A thoroughbred amongst banks 

The righr chemistry — worldwide 

Reed international ihinks of the future. 

Centre opens in drive 
for million visitors 

By Richard Ford 

the province's tourist l»anl Sa 


the pnmuce's tourist board b kiThf fondmg 
increased rts drive to attracts SLf to 

mfllfon visitors this year. mESff 2 P rov *o«6i w» 

The £850.000 wL ** atonded because of 



Maries & Spencer 

The fuluie belongs hi the limrAaiijnv 

An AIBed UtinsCinqiany. huiUui^ brands Irnni Pahjrtom 
G sots Gaunen Cklers. and huikfint; luawe marenjMv rnn 

...^ad BjMjppon Indusm-feir t9Sb. 

Investing in the Fumn» 



Protests by “loyalists” 

Cana.. ahnwlndusBvMrJCKiu 

Support ihcaiTOofindu<oy>eaf l^a^cortgcmitGes 
ihe 1 winners. 

In htMnp^ n> >■ hi. h tin and niftvnm: 

IBM I rrilcd Kingdom Unwed 
Jwihe|iihfr Brain. 

GKN - a w» dd leader in inmwannn — 
wcfci HTH .-1 ihis 2 ! 21initiaitK 



vnwiswer 400 b 4 daycwng Rtaduaes wiflaatiheir 
careers in t96b. 



YEAR/ 9 & I 

as 40 per cestvtifh 




'■* d . 

1 £ ^ 

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US protests over Berlin crossing 


• «■ '*< 

From Frank Johnson 


Mr Richard Bun, the US 
Ambassador to Wen Germa- 
ny, yesterdty ‘‘energetically 
protested? to the Soviet Am- 
bassador to East Germany, Mr 
Vyacheslav Kochemassov 
over the BerKn passport aflair. 
US officials said. 

But as the two ambassadors 
were talking over lunch in 
East Berlin, there were signs in 
Bonn that West Germany was 
not as angry about the amir as 
the United States believes it 
should be. 

. It looked as if the Soviet 
Urudn and East Germany 
might have succeeded in creat- 
ing a small rift in die Western 
alliance by their apparently 
innocuous demand that from 
now on diplomats must show 
their passports when crossing 
from East into West Beilin 
and hot just the red identity 
cards issued by the East 
German Foreign Ministry. 

The United States, Britain, 
France — and theoretically 
West Germany — oppose the 
change because they say that 
having to present passports 
implies a Western acceptance 
of East Germany's claim that 
Berlin is its capital 

The West says it is still a city 
occupied by the four victori- 
ous powers in the Second 
World War, and that the 
eastern half is merely the 
Soviet occupation sector. To 
suggest otherwise, in the West- 
ern view, would be to ride 
strengthening the co mmunis t 
daim to the whole of the city. 

But Herr Wolfgang Sch&ub- 
le, the Minister at the Chancel- 
lor's Office in Bonn, said in a 

Waldheim signed 
reprisal orders, 
magazine claims 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

. 'i .... 

• i - .f - - 

' ' 

Mr Vyacheslav Kochemassov, the Soviet Ambassador to East Genoa 
to Berlin, and Mr Richard Burt, US Ambassador to West 

r interview that the over Berlin and ke 
could be connected relations with the 

new rule could be connected 
with Western demands that 
East Germany do more to stop 
would-be terrorists crossing 

Sermany (left), meeting Mr John Kombhun, the US minister 
West Germany (right), in West Beilin yesterday. 

vided families. West German diplomats have been allowed 

mans in the months before the 
general election, due. next 
January, than in opposing a 

from East Berlin. Such a West change in Berlin procedures 
German attitude has angered which could have serious con- 

st least the Americans, who 
have all along diemtew! this 
explanation for the change. 

The Americans are private- 
ly saying that tbs West Ger- 
man Government is more 
interested in avoiding trouble 

sequences later. 

Although the riding Chris- 
tian Democrat politicians op- 
posed Ostpolitik when in op- 
position, it has proved popu- 
lar with voters because it in- 
creases contacts between dt- 

diplomatic representation in 
East Berlin was part of Ospol- 

Since the East German pass- 
port demand was introduced 
last Sunday West German 
diplomats based in Hast Berlin 
have been refusing to show 
theirs, with the result that they 
have been turned back. Al- 
though the change is also 
supposed to apply to them, 
British, American and French 

through so far without having 
to show their passports. 

Mr Burt, after consultation 
with the US Secretary of State, 
Mr George Shultz, made his 

K tesl at one of the regular 
Aeons which he and the 
Soviet Ambassador attend al- 
ternately in West and East 
Berlin. He said the East Ger- 
mans had no right to make the 
change, and rejected the ter- 
rorism argument 

Chernobyl and arms race in world limelight 

Docmnents showing the al- 
leged signature of the former 
Secretary-General of the Unit- 
ed Nations, Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim, on orders for harsh 
reprisals against dvifians will 
be published today in the 
Yugoslav magazine Doga. 

The documents, dating from 
1943, relate to an order by Dr 
Waldheim's wur>manjB^ offi- 
cer, General Alexander von 
Lahr, that at least SO prisoners 
be shot for every German 
soldier killed. 

The documents bear what is 
!mM to be the comder-si&na- 
tnre of Dr WaldhKlftSsfs 
genuine, it would that 

be most hare been aware of 
such atrocities in the Balkan 
campaign of General LOhr's 
Army Group £, to which be 
was assigned In 1943. A diplomatic source in Bei- 

Dr Waldheim, who is stand- grade with experience of hail- 
ing for tite Austrian presides- dling German wartime doc- 
cy in a run-off billot on Jane 8, aments said that Dr WaJd- 
|mw! claimed consistently t hp t heim could have signed them 
his duties in the BalMnf in the capacity of a proof- 
involved only intelligence- reader and that his signature 
ggfiw-rog and int e rp r eting at did not necessarily concern 
subaltern level and that he was any personal involvement 

Newspaper Spanish 

chain sold protest at 

for $600m law delay 

sSZatSW^ From S Wits 

celebrated Baltimore newspa- 
pers that were home to the About 300 barristers staged 
writer H.L. Mencken and 12 a sit-in at the College of 
Pulitzer Prize-winners, are to Barristers here yesterday in 
be sold to the Times Mirror protest about the sloth and the 

not involved in the “front line” 
of any operation. 

A senior spokesman for Dr 
Waldheim's office yesterday 
the Yugoslav docu- 
ments as probably false: “ft is 
impossible that Dr Waldheim 
could have had the power, as a 
first lieutenant, to order any 

Those dose to Dr Wald- 
heim said that he wonld not 
comment on the documents 
until he had seen them, but 
that he denied any executi ve 
role in civilian reprisals. 

An Austrian military histo- 
rian, asked yesterday about 
the docmnents, said that they 
might well be genome hot that 
Dr Waldheim's signature on 
them would be a clerical 

Lange says priority must be Students held in Prague 

given to test ban treaty 

leaflet protest go home 

From Our Correspondent, Vienna 

From Thomson Prentice, Cologne 

Anas limitation talks be- 
tween the nuclear soperpowers 
are couched in oootradictxba 
and shoaU be replaced by 
“genuine and urgent meas- 
ures,” die Prime M&rister of 
New Zealand, Mr Hand 
Lange, said here yesterday. 

He renewed Ms Gov- 
ernment’s call Car a compre- 
hensive test ban treaty. “BT 
that treaty is one day conclud- 
ed, it will come about because 
go v er nm ents thronghort: the 
world have decided enough is 
enopgh,” he fold a conference 
in Cologne. ^ . . . 

Mr Lai$e jps giving the 
keynote qwcKat« opening 
of tbeammal world congress of 
International Physicians for 
the Prevention ofNndear War 
(IPPNW), the. orgmuation 
last year awarded the Nobel 
Prize for Peace. 

Ana contra) measures al- 
ready adopted had drew little 
to limit the expansion of 
nodear arsenals or to restrain 
file search for technical advan- 
tage, he said. Talks on arms 
limitation were being given 
priority over disarmament. 

“These talks are couched fa 
contradiction. They seek bal- 
ance in armaments, when it is 
the search for balance which 
feeds the urge to compete and 
which drives the anus race," 
be said. 

Nuclear defence was irrele- 
vant to New Zealand, he said. 
His country would contimmto 
adhere to a conventional ndB- 
tary strategy and seek to 
express it in an alliance with 
Australia and. the United 

The rejection of the politics 

of unclear weapons and sap- 
port for disarmament had been 
given considerable impetus by 
the . sabotage of . the 
Greenpeace ship Rainbow 
Warrior by French agents in 
Auckland harbour last July. 

Mr Lange said: “France has 
not yet apologized for its 
action nor made reparation to 
New Zealand.” 

"The South Pacific is for 
removed from any likely car 
foreseeable cause of nucl ea r 
war. Yet if one watched the 
northern henHSphere destroy „ 

moratorium ooafl nuclear ex- 

That moratorium should re- 
main in effect until the suc- 
cessful completion of a comp- 
rehensive test bon treaty 
The disaster at Chernobyl 
has become one of the main is- 
sues at the four-day confer- 

“This tragic event confirms 
what we have tang warned: 
that medi cine will be helpless 
ff even a few unclear weapons 
are exploded**, the IPPNW 
leadership said in a statement. 

Five Austrian students and 
academics who were arrested 
by Czechoslovak police earlier 
this week when they distribut- 
ed anti-nuclear leaflets in 
Prague returned to Vienna 
yesterday . 

The five, including a gut 
were arrested a few minutes 
after having taken up position 
on the medieval Charles 
Bridge spanning the Vhava 
(Moldau) River, which runs 
through the heart of the 
Czechoslovak capital. 

The leaflets expressed Aus- 
trian environmentalists* con- 

itseti, it would be in the cer-, “Chernobyl was not a nuclear 
tainty that there is so escape explosion, and yet nil of 

cent, in the wake of the 
Chernobyl disaster, at Czecho- 
slovak plans to build a nuclear* 
power station less than 40 
miles from the Austrian fron- 
tier at Temdin. 

Meanwhile, in Nagymaros 
along the Hungarian-Czecho- 
slovakian frontier, construc- 
tion work has begun on a 
controversial power station. 

Though the station is a joint 
project, the Hung arian side is 
being financed — to the anger 
of Austrian environmentalists 
— by Austrian capitaL 

Co., the Los Angeles-based 
communications conglomer- 
ate, the owners said yesterday. 

Times Mirror has agreed to 
pay $600 million (£400 mil- 
lion) to acquire the A.S. Abell 
Co^ a private corporation 
based in Baltimore that owns 
the Baltimore newspapers, 
television stations in Balti- 
more and Richmond, and 
some small magazines. 

Mr John Morton, a newspa- 
per analyst for Lynch Jones & 
Ryan in Washington, estimat- 
ed that $450 million of the 
purchase price was for the 
newspapers, a record. 

poor quality of justice in 
Spanish courts. The college 
head admitted in a radio 
programme that some cases 
are taking 10 years to go 
through the courts. 

The barristers, many of 
them young, complained that 
nothing had been done by 
Spain's self-governing judicial 
authorities about a report 
which they presented more 
than six months ago instanc- 
ing the law's delays, and 
alleged corruption of court 
officials by litigants desperate 
to speed their cases. 

The banisters said that they 

Times Mirror's holdings in- were also protesting about the 
dude the Las Angeles Times, example set when two judges. 

Newsday. the Hartford Cou- 
rant, the Denver Post and the 
Dallas Times Herald. 

A Times Mirror spokesman 
said that the deal was expected 
to be closed in a few months. 

one a member of the Supreme 
Court, who had allowed a 
well-known Italian Mafia boss 
to be freed on bail and so 
abscond, were given lenient 
disciplinary treatment 

Murder at 
UDF Cape 
meeting is 

Johannesburg “The United 
Democratic Front, South 
Africa’s largest legal ami- 
apartheid organization, is be- 
ing criticized severely for its 
attitude over the lynching of-a 
Coloured man at a UDF rally 
near Cape Town (Ray Kenne- 
dy writes). : 

The US Embassy said it was 
appalled that an official at 
Sunday's meeting identified a 
man. then senior UDF men> 
faers foiled to protect him 
effectively from the mob 
which (tilled him. 

The UDF said it regretted 
the murder of Moegsien Abra- 
hams. wbo is aged 22 and 
married with a 19-month-old 
son. but it refused to accept 

Air chief quits 

Taipei (AP) — The Taiwan 
Communications Ministiy ac- 
cepted the resignation of Mr 
Liu Teh-ming, director-genep 
al of the Civil Aeronautics 
Administration, who decided 
to step down to assume moral 
responsibility for the defec- 
tion of a Taiwanese airline 
pilot to China earlier in the 

Reagan’s men 

Washington (Reuter) t 
P resident Reagan has chosen. 
Admiral Carlisle Trost as 
Chief of Naval Operations 
and General Larry Welch to 
be Air Force Chief of Staff the 
White House announced. 

JAL loss 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Japan Air 
Lines said its earnings had 
plummeted after the jumbo jet 
crash which killed 520 people, 
and announced a loss of $40 
million (£26 million) in the 
year to March, compared with 
a $42 million profit the previ- 
ous year. 

Thai camp hit : 

Bangkok (AP) - At least 1 1 
Cambodian refugees were 
killed as Vietnamese troopk- 
sheUed a refugee camp along" 
the Thai -Cambodian border, 
Thai military and Western aid 
officials said. 

Sikh caught 

A Sikh police inspector who 
was a member of Indira 
Gandhi’s security corps has 
been arrested for alleged ter- 
rorist activities. Gurdial Singh 
went underground shortly be- 
fore Mrs Gandhi's assas- 


The consress. raxesodiiu 
154,000 do^ and health 
professionals in almost 50 
countries, issued an appeal to 
President Reagan to jma the 
Soviet Union in a mntnal 

Europe was affected. In a 
ting mdear war the effects ea'the 
ilth envi r on ment and hamaa life 
SO mold be thousands of times 
1 to greater, and any medical re- 
tire source nodd be utterly 
teal ineffectuaL” 


Mr Lange, left, at a press conference with Mr Yevgeny 
Chazov, co-president of the Cologne meeting. 

Russia asked for ‘real 9 arms offer 

Nato foreign ministers who 
opened a two-day meeting at 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, yester- 
day had arms control _ and 
disarmament high on their list 
of concerns. 

At a press conference Lora 
Carrington, the alliance Secre- 
tary-General, called on the 
Soviet Union to put forward 
some “reaT proposals. 

“There has been too little of 
substance so for in what the 
Soviet Union has said,” he 
told reporters. He described as 
nebulous the sweeping disar- 
mament plan pin forward 
earlier this year by Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. 

Among other things the 
Kremlin plan calls for the 
abolition of unclear weapons 
by the year 2000. 

■ “If these are real proposals 

From John Best, Ottawa 

they should be discussed at 
Geneva,” Lord Carrington 

Hie praised the US decision 
to continue complying with 
the Salt 2 treaty for scrapping 
two elderly missile-carrying 
submarines when a new Tri- 
dent-class submarine goes into 
operation soonJHe called this 
a rhalh-ng e to the Soviet 
Union to do something by the 
end of the year about ns own 

Lord Carrington said that 
people in the West, who were 
concentrating on Mr Gor- 
bachov's “nebulous prop- 
osals”, had tended to overlook 
the extremely forward-looking 
proposals .advanced by the 

These included reducing su- 

perpower strategic nuclear 
forces fry 50 per cent, and 
abolishing tan^r-range medi- 
um weapons. 

On the controversial issue 
of chemical weapons, he noted 
that Nato defence ministers 
last week in Brussels adopted 
American strength goals 
which incorporate updating 
US stockpiles. 

“Adopt means adopt,” he 
said tersely, adding that that 
should be the end of the 

It may not be, however. 
There is a move afoot in the 
US Congress to Mode appro- 
priations for the new chemical 
weapons unless the Nato for- 
eign ministers, at this Halifax 
meeting, endorse the action 
taken last weelrby the defence 

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The United States consulate 
in Karachi has been attacked 
by gunmen on the day that 
police arrested Afghan and 
Libyan students for question- 
ing about the bombing of the 
SaTtriia and Pan Am airlines 
booking offices on Tnesday. 

Karachi police say tftaz two 
gunmen with a Kalashnikov 
automatic rifle and a ha n dgu n 
fired several shots at the 
consulate shortly after dusk. 
No one was reported injured. 

The. attack came as police 
arrested several students in 
the wake of the bombing of the 
airline offices, in which one 
person was killed and six 
others were injured. 

Press reports- say that Af- 

ghan and Libyan students 
studying m Pakistan were 
held, as well as several 

President Zia uI-Haq has 
meanwhile made a strong 
attack osihe opposition Paid-, 
stan People’s Party, led fry 
Miss Benazir Bhutto, at the 
opening in Islamabad of the 

first permanent building of the 
national Parliament. 

The fill] bench of the Sind 
High Court in Karachi mean- 
while has completed hs hear- 
ing of a constitutional petition 
challenging General Zia’s 
right to hold two senior offices 
— those of President and Chief 
of Staff. It has reserved its 

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Country Manor is one of the biggest 
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pv- - ' .s' : 

Russians say Sakharov 
return from exile 
jeopardized by his wife 

Wreaths and scarves honour Heysel dead Women in 

court to 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin has wanted to 
allow. Dr Andrei Sakharov, the 
exiled physicist, to . return - 
from Gorky to Moscow, but 
the move had been jeopar- 
dized by the behaviour of his 
wife, Mis Yelena Bonner, 
during her stay in the West, 
according to Mr Viktor Louis, 
the Soviet journalist. 

Mr Louis, frequently used 
in the past as a conduit of 
official information about Dr 
Sakharov, said in anticipation 
of Mis Bonner’s return here 
on Monday: “It makes sense 
for him (to come back to 
Moscow). She is the obstacle. 
It i$. not his behaviour; it is 
hers. He wants a quiet life, but 
she would start calling press 

Although Dr Sakharov's 
continuing exile is known to 
be an embarrassment to the 
campaign by the Soviet leader, 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, to 
improve the image of the 
Soviet Union in Western Eu- 
rope, the claims by Mr Louis 
are being treated with caution 
in diplomatic circles. It has 
been a well-known KGB- 
inspired tactic in the past to 
put the blame for Dr 
Sakharov’s treatment on the 
behaviour of his Jewish wife. 

Mr Louis, previously the 
source for films of Dr Sakha- 

Boris Gaiko, file former Soviet 
chess champion, on his arrival 
hi Vienna yesterday after sev- 
en years of trying, to emigrate 
to Israel. With -his wife and 
then- son DavitLseven, he hopes 
to fly to Israel on Sunday. 

rov and his wife shot secretly 
in Gorky by the KGB, alleged 
that Mrs Bonner had behaved 
with profanity during her six 
months in the West, but 
denied her claim that she had 
been forced-to give a pledge 
not to speak to the Western 

“How many politicians has 
she seen, and how many 
doctors? She has turned her- 
self into a politically outspo- 
ken figure, helping forces 
hostile to the Soviet Union,** 
the Soviet journalist claimed. 
He contrasted her behaviour 

with that of Dr Sakharov, 
who. he said, had demonstrat- 
ed during his exfle that be was 
still a loyal citizen. 

It is expected that on her 
return Mrs Bonner, aged 62, 
win resume her life of exile io 
Gorky, a city out of bounds to 
all foreigners where the 
Sakharovs live under round- 
the-clock KGB surveillance. 

• Sick woman: Dr Allan 
Wynn, chairman of the Sakha- 
rov. committee and Mn 
Bonner’s host while she is in 
London, described Mr Louis’s 
chum -as “a most brutal and 
damaging report, inspired by 
the KGB and designed to 
intimidate a sick woman who 
is trying to help her husband" 
(Our Diplomatic Correspon-' 
dent, writes). 

Dr Wynn said that Mrs 
Bonner had held no press 
conferences during her stay in 
the West, nor had she made 
any statements that were dam- 
aging to file Soviet Union. 
“This is a typical piece of 
KGB bullying," he said. 

Mrs Bonner, who arrived in 
London on Wednesday, is to 
have talks with Mrs Thatcher 
this morning before flying to. 
Rome on tire final leg of her 
journey back to Moscow. 

The Prime Minister is ex- 
pected to assure her that 
Britain will continue to press 
for Dr Sakharov’s release. 

Britain was not represented at a 
short ceremony outside the Heysel 
Stadium in Brussels yesterday, 
when Italian mourners laid 
wreaths to mark the first anniver- 
sary of the violence by Liverpool 

football supporters which left '39 
dead at last year's European Cop 

The only Liverpool supporter 
present was a German, Herr 
Thomas Niederberger, who wore 

the dab's red T-shirt. He was 
applauded when he laid three 
scarves with the wreaths — red for 
Liverpool, black, yellow, and red 
for Germany, and orange, white, 
and green for Italy. 

EEC hoists its flag Island poll landslide 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

The new EEC flag — a circle 
of 12 gold stars on a dark-blue 
ground — was hoisted along- 
side tit e national flags ofibe 12 
member states outside the 
Commission's Brussels head- 
quarters yesterday. - 
The flag, based on the 
present Council of Europe 

flag, sets the seal on the 
enlarged EEC after the entry of 
Spain and Portugal this year. 

The choir of the European 
Communities sang Beet- 
hoven's Ode to Joy, with : 
words by Schiller, as an Euro- 
pean anthem during the 

Bridgetown (UPI) — The 
opposition Democratic Labour 
Patty wan 22 of 23 seats in 
Wednesday's general election 
is Barbados^ making the par- 
ts' leader, Mr Errol Barrow, 
Prime Minister, officials sa id 

The Barbados Labour Par- 
ty, led by the incumbent Prime 

Minister, Mr Bernard St 
John, lost its 10-year grip on 
power and Mr St John conced- 
ed defeat late on Wednesday. 

Hie two parties differ 
slightly on domestic policies, 
hot share similar foreign poli- 
cies. Both are friendly toward 
the United States and their 
Caribbean neighbours. 

US dollars steady 
Israeli economy 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Israel had a surplus of $1.1 
billion on its current account 
at the end of last year, which is 
expected to have a long-term 
stabilizing effect on the econo- 
my, according to the annual 
report of the Bank of Israel 
Although the national aus- 
terity plan introduced in July 
has been a vital factor in this 
recovery, the report shows 
that it has really been possible 
only because of substantial 
American aid. 

Mr Moshe Mendelbaum, 
the Governor of the Bank, is 
to present the report officially 
next week. It will be his last 
duty before he is forced to 
resign after an L inquiry into 
share dealings which brought . 
about a collapse of bask 
shares in 1983. ’J 
Although leaving under -ar 
cloud, he can takfecomfortjn 
the fact that he is fofcadiqg over 
at a time whehthoc£x>nomy is 

looking more heahhy than fin- 
some considerable time. 

But only $5.1 billion in aid 
from the United States made 
it possible to cover the $4. 
billion excess of imports over 
exports on goods and services. 
The bulk of this import bill 
was for interest repayments tut 
existing debts and for buying 
military equipment 

Apart from these items, the 
excess of imports over exports 
was just $264- million, a mere 
10 per cent of that in J 983. 

Last year Israel also benefit- 
ed from $ 1.5 billion American 
emergency aid, granted only 
after the Government agreed 
to an extfemely austere eco- 
nomic plan. The report , is the 
first public indication that 
American pressure ; farced. Is- 
rael to take these measures. ' - 
: The report also ahows that, 
for the first time since 1973, 
Israel’s foreign debt dropped..; 

This Is the cfiiM fto<rfi 

III In bed thdtJs to (jflTs 

seek Zapu 

From Jan Raatb 

The wives of nine support- 
ers of the opposition Zapu; 
Party who disappeared early * 
last year yesterday began a- 
court baide to force the Zina- * 
babwe Government to pro- 
duce their husbands. . 

The Catholic Commission ' 
for Justice and Peace has* 
lodged a petition in the Harare- 
High Court on their behalf. ' 
The hearing was preceded 
by the serving on Tuesday of • 
detention orders on the direc- 
tor of tiie Commission. 

A report by the Lawyers*; 
Committee for Humane 
Rights, says that evidence-' 
points to Government- 

Mr Emmerson Munangag— 
wa. Minister of State for 
Security, has attributed the 
disappearances to the work of - 
dissidents or to the men's 
having become guerrillas. > 

• HARARE: Mr Brian Mir' 
kinson and Mr Steven H am - ' 
son. two Britons held in 
connection with the South-. 
African raid on African Na- 
tional Congress targets in - 
Zimbabwe last week, were 
released late on Wednesday. ; 

• LUSAKA: Zambian police 

have detained two Frenchmen; 
on suspicion of espionage 
amid speculation about a link? 
with the South African raids 
against alleged guerrilla bases 
(Reuter reports). ^ 


Poser for police chief 


ft os plfcrl cOiteJ 

& .pac) 

Jerusalem — The chief of 
Israel's anti-toTorist police, 
Mr Avraham Shalom, is fee- 
ing an awkward choice: resign 
or fece the prospect ofa polk* 
investigation into whether he 
ordered the murder of two 
Pa lestinians and then covered 
up the fact by twisting the 

evidence (Ian Murray writes). 
- Mr Yitzhak Zamir, fife At- 
torney-General, remained ad- 
amant yesterday that he would 
call off the police inquiry and 
allow a secret judicial inquiry 
only if the head of Shin Bet — 
as thfr anti-terrorist police are 
called —.stepped down. 

Who CM^Cntty 5PCM 

Bullets end Armenian 

neutrality in Beirut a s 

From Robert Fisk, Beirat 

fortune tn 

In east Beirut, the houses of 
Camp Marash are hnnehed 
against each other, die upper, 
wooden stories leaning out 
over the narrow, claustropho- 
bic laneways like a medieval. 
English street 

The style is Balkan rattier 
than Lebanese, the shop 
names written in Armenian 
rather than Arabic Through 
the low windows, yon can catch 
right of pflin ringc of Mount 
Ararat, of golden swords and 
red flags- Bat it was not 
difficult yesterday to tell that 
something was wrong. 

Many of the shops were 
shut, and in the offices of 
Tashnag, the largest of the 

Ambush deaths 

Jerusalem — Five members 
of the South Lebanon Army 
militia were killed yesterday 
morning when their vehicle 
was ambushed about eight 
miles north of the zone along 
the border with Israel which 
the group controls with sub- 
stantial Israeli help. 

three Armenian parties and 
nufitias in Beirut, a bearded,, 
bespectacled man was speak- 
ing os the telephone about the 
latest tragedy to befell th e 

descendants of the survivors of 
the 1915 Armenian massacre. 

A clutch of Arm en i a n spiri- 
tual leaders had just been 
dispatched to west Beirut , to 
talk to the Muslim sheikhs 
and religious leaders who 
exercise influence over their 
fervent if chaotic f lock in foe 
other sector of the city. 

Five Armenians— including 
a dentist, a tailor- and the 
owner of a photographic shop 

— bad been murdered in west 
Beirut m only ?2 boars. In die 
past week six others have been 
wounded in assassination at- 
tempts, and five have been 

In the streets around Hara- 
re, the Armenians have been 
raking downtbeir names from 
shops and apartments — al- 
most every Armenian name 
In the teBtale “-ian" — 
and many of the 2300 Arme- 
nians stifl firing in the west of 
the Lebanese c api tal Irate 

been talking of moving to the 

There are 200,000 Anne 
mans in east Beirut, in Tripoli 
and in the Bekaa town of 
Anjar, all of them grandchil- 
dren or great-grand -children 
of those who fled the 1915 
pogrom in Turkey in which 
more than a motion died. 

They fed the pain of the 
west Beirut killings not just 
because of- their history of 
suffering but beca u se — at 
least until now — their commu- 
nity has been the only one to 
tire peacefully amid both 
Muslims and Christians in 

Lebanon. Msny things here, it 
seems, are coming to an rod. 

“The Armenian presence in 
west Beirut is one of the 
remaining symbols of Leba- 
nese unity — we have a policy 
of .positive neutrality in the 
war here. 

“We are inter m e di a ri es. 
What can we do?" Even the 
speaker, a high official of 
Tashnag, insists that his name 
is not revealed. “We have 
always advocated fraternity 
among the Lebanese." - 

Almost all the Armenians in 

Beirut hold Lebanese pass- 
ports, their Armenian- Ortho- 1 
dor religion dissociated from 
the Maronite Christians who 
oppose Muslim forces. 

Their newspapers, tbeir 
churches and schools and 
. institutions -have turned their 
neutrality into a kind of refi- 
cion. Yet it does not seem to 



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Perhaps, says the bearded 
m«n, there are Muslim groups 
that simply want to drive 
Armenians from west Beirat 
because they are Christians, 
because they want to rid the 
west of the dty from of all 
“foreigners’', to create an Is- 
lamic world of their own. 

“We have a third alternat- 
ive," be says. “Because the 
situation in west Beirut is so 
bad now, it is possible that our 
Turkish enemies are doing 
their best to create panic 
among bn r people, among the 
diaspora-" .. . 

. “This is a systematic cam- 
paign to eliminate us,” a 
shopkeeper raid in west 

To have a child in hospital is stressful enough for 
the family, without the extra wony of travelling a longway 
• to visit. The dunces are an expensive hoed room, sleep- 
ing cm the diildrenfc ward 0ftbereh room) or faring a long 
journey every day. 

The Ronald McDonald House project alleviates 
many of the problems. 

It provides comfortable accommodation for the 
family of the chad being treated atthe nearby hospital. The 
r-hild mn stw there tfxxCTeating an atmosphere like home 

—justwbenthefamily needs tobe together. 

There me Ronald McDonald Houses throughout 
America, Canada, Australia and Europe. 

The lOOtii House opens this Autumn, fj,. — . 
The Evelina Children’s Department J* 

at Guy's Hospital has an international reputation for the 
treatment of heart, kidney and neurological disease in 
children, as well as severe physical handicaps. 

Children from many parts of Britain are referred 
there. It needs a facility Hke the Ronald McDonald 
House. It also needs your support 

McDonald's lend their expertise in settingup the 
House and provide some of the initial funds. 

tyfe have helped the hospital and parents form the 
'Evelina Children’s Family Trust* a registered charity 
responsible for building and setting up the House, and 
running it once it is open. 

R°n<*M ficDondW 4WS€ 

Families will be able to share communal areas, 
kitchen and laundry facilities, and even more importantly 
share their troubles with other families. 

It will cost a good deal of money to build and 
maintain tins Ronald McDonald House. If you’d like to 
make a donation, please make your cheque/postal order 
payable to: The Evelina Children^ 

Family Trust Limned.’ Send it to: jf \ 

The Ronald McDonald House, Q j 

Administration Department. V J { \ \ 

City’s Hospital, St Thomases 
Street, London SEl. X /> 



Campus riots 
curbed as 
Nigeria closes 

From Our Correspondent, Lagos 

-The closure of at least IS 
Nigerian universities seemed 
yesterday to have curbed vio- 
lent nationwide protests 
-which began a week ago. 

The Inspector-General of 
Police, Mr Etim Inyang, inter- 
rupted television broadcasts 
late on Wednesday to address 
the nation on the crisis. 

Describing as unfortunate 
the deaths of students at 
Ahmadu Bello University in 
the ancient northern town of 
Zaria, he said that exaggerated 
'reports had provoked the 
students. He confirmed that 
'they had set alight govern- 
ment vehicles and police sta- 
tions. and added: H In some 
instances, private homes have 
-been burnt down while some 
■ newspaper offices have been 

As many as 10 government 
_ vehicles were reported to have 
' been set ablaze on Lagos roads 
"on Wednesday try students 
Who set up road-blocks. 

’ chanted war songs and dis- 
rupted city traffic. Massive 
(demonstrations were reported 
in other parts of the country. 

: Students at the University 
- of Ife. in lle-lfe north-east of 

Lagos, set the town prison on 
fire and freed 216 prisoners. 
According to police, only 28 
have been recaptured. 

The student crisis was 
sparked at Zaria on Friday, 
when police shot and killed 
students protesting at the ex- 
pulsion of a student union 
leader and the suspension of 
another for activities connect- 
ed with a demonstration in 

The union leaders were 
charged with having violated 
the rule against male entry 
into female hostels during the 

The National Association of 
Nigerian Students claims that 
24 students died in the Zaria I 
fracas, but the police records 
say that only four people were 

.As well as dosing some 
universities, the Government 
has advised parents to call 
their children home, and has 
banned all demonstrations 
and public processions. 

The Nigeria Labour Con- 
gress has called a nationwide 
workers' demonstration on 
June 4 to mourn the death of 
the students. 

Police seal 
off eight 
in protest 

From Ahmed Fazl 

Police yesterday sealed off 
Bangladesh's eight state-nut 
medical colleges after haring 
forced striking students and 
junior doctors to leave the 
campuses. The Government 
has suspended all examina- 

Earlier, more than 100 ju- 
nior hospital doctors were 
arrested after they refused to 
end a two-month strike de- 
manding government posts. 
The authorities said that 26 of 
them had been seat to prison 
on charges of breaking 

. The arrests sparked a gen- 
eral strike by doctors, called 
by die HanginHach Medical 
Association, which has para- 
lyzed the 13 major hospitals. 

About 1,200 junior hospital 
doctors have been holding 
street demonstrations since 
early ApriL asking the Gov- 
ernment to provide jobs after 
their hospital training. 

Mr Manznnd Karim, the 
Health Ministry under-secre- 
tary, says that there were 
vacancies only for some 150. 

• PEKING: Eighteen African 
and Asian students involved in 
a five-hour siege at Tianjin 
University on Saturday have 
refused to leave an hotel where 
they are being held (Renter 
reports). The stndents fear for 
their safety. 

M Jacques Chaban-Detmas, President of the French National Assembly, being presented with a ceremonial scarf b y the bnrtfeixs. 
Dalai Lama yesterday. They met in Plans, where die exiled Tibetan leader 2s on a three-day visit as part of a European tour. MrBeq 

- . ‘ ptfiHy f 

Israel offers agricultural expertise to Africa SS 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Israel which is seeking to 
make diplomatic inroads into 
black Africa, has offered to put 
its agricultural and technologi- 
cal expertise at Africa's dis- 
posal as the United Nations 
General Assembly continued 
its special session on the 
continent's economic crisis. 

Mr David Kimche, director 
general of the Israeli Foreign 
Ministry, said that Israel 
wished to share with African 
countries its experience in 
attaining agricultural . pro- 
ductivity under semi-arid con- 
ditions. He suggested applying 
Israeli know-how to develop- 
ing suitable technologies for 
the reduction of Africa's vul- 

nerability to drought and to 
improve’ traditional areas of 

Most African nations sev- 
ered diplomatic ties with Isra^ 
el after the 1967 Arab-Israeli 
war. But Israel has taken 
advantage of the shifting pow- 
er balance in the Middle East 
mid divisions within the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organiz- 


Before Bedford Commercial \fehides called in Eastern 
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. Norman Smith, Industrial Sales Engineer at 

s \ Eastern Electricity, carried out costings that 

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The energy-efficient switch. 


ation to seek closer ties with 
sub-Saharan Africa, which has 
shown signs of disenchant- 
ment with the Arab world. 

Israeli sources said that Mr 
Kimche had held private dis- 
cussions with some IS African 
representatives over ways in 
which Israel could help in an 
African economic turn- 

Norway to 
raise tax 
on higher 



Now’s new Ubwr Gov- 
ernment today onreSs itofeng- 
a w afte d iBSterity Budget, de- 
signed to offset dwfadfsng rt-' 
venues is the wake of fiuttog 
o2 prices wHe dream venting 
tke kind of pgl S wra tey 
stalemate that led » the cofl- 
apse of til e conservative at: 
ministration last month. 

Mr Gmanr Besget the Ma- 
ster of Fhttnce, Is expected to 
reinforce the soda! democratic 
ideals enunciated by Mrs Gn> 

‘ Harlem Bnmdttend when she 
I agreed to take over as Prime 
Minister: that any attempt at 
L «^nnomic reform be ahaed at 
better, otifization of ffie 
country's f wut a n and m *t tW. . 
resou r c es and amoreeqnitaMt ' 
di s tribution of benefits and 

Mr Beige wiU pot forward a 
r*rt*ti * worth 3,000 mffian 
kroner (£280 mffiian) tachd- 
ing a 2 per cent smtax on 
hewbal tax MBs (as efibe- . 
tire tax increase offtS-1 per 
cent after deductions, rising 
according to income^ in- 
creased taxes on petrol and 
ahoBtioa of capftai gams tax 
exemptions on share profits. 

Mis Brendtiantrs tieterak 
natioa to increase the tax har- 
den on higher h — m Is a 
conre rsio n r ofher a d ninBtiia - 

Fight to reform Badget 

Chirac resorts to 
guillotine again 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

For the third time since 
coming to power just over two 
months ago. Fiance's right- 
wing Government has used 
the guillotine jprocedise to cut 
short the debate on one of its 
controversial Bills. 

This time the Bill concerns 
a series of amendments to the 
Socialists' Budget for 1986, 
including the abolition of the 
wealth tax, cuts in taxes oh 
company profits and an am- 
nesty for all those with illegal 
capital holdings abroad. 

The Socialists, who have 
accused the Government of 
flouting the sovereignly of 
Parliament, have already an- 
nounced their intention of 
countering the guillotine by 
tabling a censire motion on 
the enabling BiU to allow the 
Government to legislate by 
decree on a series ofeconotmc 
and social measures. These 
inrindft - d enationalizat ion and 
the electoral reform Bill 

But despite tbe Govern- 
ment's tiny overall majority of 
three votes in the National 
Assembly, the censure motion 
has virtually no chance of 

Together the Socialists. 
Communists and non-aligned 
left-wing deputies can muster 

only 2S1 votes. 

Even if the 35 extreme-right 
National Front deputies agree 
to vote with them, which is by - 
no means certain,. they will 
stitt be tlaee votes short of the 
absolute majority of 289 need- 
ed for a censure motion to be 

Announcing the Govern- 
ment's derision to use the 
guillotine on the Budget re- 
form Bfll at 730 am yester- 
day, after an alKnight sitting, 
the Prime Minister, M Jac- 
ques Chirac, accused the So- 
cialists of having deliberately 
tried to obstruct the Bill with 
calls for nine separate suspen- 
sions of Parh^rpeot during the 

H^htis Bin could have been 
approved during the session,” 
M Chirac said angrily. “Noth- 
ing justified the little game of 
mtemiptions engaged in in an 
attempt to prolong indefinite- 
ly the debate on measures 
which the Government needs 
and which constitute an essen- 
tial part of its economic 

With the ever-present threat 
that President Mitterrand may 
decide to call early presiden- 
tial elections, tire Government 
is trying to push through 
Parliament as much of its 
electoral programme as it can 
as quickly as possible. 

It has already introduced 
BiQs to enable it to legislate by 
decree on social and economic 
measures, to ease restrictions., 
on laying off redundant work- 
ers. to bring baric majority- 
voting, and to amend the 1986 
Budget. Further Bills are bow - 

M Chirac angry over series 
of Socialist obstructions 

trained cohabitation, page 12 



The Ekcmary CaunriL England and Wales 



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Stolen letter launches 
bitter attack on 
Gandhi’s leadership 

. Bitter criticism of the style 
and methods of the Indian 
Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, made in a letter to 
him from within his own 
party, was published yester- 
day, even though the writer 
said it had been stolen and was 
not intended for publication. 

The letter blames “the rapid 
disintegration of the party at 
all levels’ 1 on “the casual, ad 
hoe and inept handling of the 
party matters by you and your 
so-called operators”. 

The letter provided a focus 
for the revolt of three senior 
figures in the Congress (I) 
Party last month, and resulted 
in their suspension from party 
membership. They have be- 
come the centre of an anti- 
party revolt. 

It was written by Mr 
Kamalapathi Tripathi, aged 
83, the so-called “working 
president” of the party, and 
one of a group of Brahmins 

FrtHP Miduri Hamlyn, ll dhi 

from Uttar Pradesb-whO have 
dominated Congress politics 
in the stale and nationally for 
at least 60 years. 

His letter accuses Mr Gan- 
dhi of being surrounded by 
sycophants who hated Mrs 
Indira Gandhi, the Prime 
Minister’s mother, and who 
were acting as ’‘power bro- 
kers” to the deep detriment of 
the party. 

The letter was released by 
Mr SJS. Mahpatra, a former 
party secretary, who, with the 
' three men dismissed from the 
party — Mr Prauab Mukb- 
eijee, Mr A.P. Sbarma and Mr 
Prafeash Mehrotra — has es* 
tabjished a monitoring group 
which will cafl a convention of 
Indira loyalists in Delhi at the 
end of June.. 

“We consider Mr TripathTs 
letter as the bible for all right- 
thinking con gre ssmen,” said 
the monitoring group releas- 
ing the letter. They are con- 

Kinnock defends 
Tories on terror 

From Our Own Correspondent, Delhi 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bour Party leader, yesterday 
_ went out i f his way to defend 
the Conservative Government 
from charges of being soft on 
Sikh te rr ori sm. He told a 
press conference hi the Indian 
capital that “every govern- 
ment ought to be rnmymittmg 
in Its active opposition to 

Mr Kinnock sakb “Even 
thongh I have no reason to love 
the present Government, they 
are extremely a n tagonis ti c to 
terrorism, and act accord- 

Virtually every Indian adh- 
ering met by Mr Kinnock 
during his risk has raised the 
question of what the Indians 
see as British governmental 
indulgence to the extremists, - 
but Mr Khmock has declined 
to admit any serious aititism 
of what Mrs Thatcher's Gov- 
ernment is doing in thfs re- 
spect at least 

Mr Kinnock has urged the 
Indians to take advantage of 
the offer made by the Foreign 
Secretary, Sfr Geoffrey Howe, 
during his visit to the sub- 
continent' last month for a 
ministerial-level contact group 
to discuss individual cases. 

Sir GeofBrephas amnedMr 
Timothy RetBon, ' Minister of 
State at theForeign Office, as 
his representative to snch a ' 
committee, bat the Indians 
have yet to respond. . 

“The ministerial committee, 
so that every small detail may 
be examined, should be far- 
ther explored,” Mr Kinnock 
said. “Some means of achiev- 
ing a satisfactory outcome nay 
come in examination of 

He also said that die Con- 
servative Go vernment was 

out on her 

last voyage hot potato 

— _ Tmin CnmetiiA 

From Stephen Taylor 

After almost as many fare- 
wells as Dame Nellie Melba, 
the P & O ship SS Oriana was 
loosed from her mooring at 
Sydney Harbour yesterday for 
her filial voyage. 

A forlorn crowd of 200 saw 
the last of the great Pacific 
liners draw away from the 
quay after industrial disputes 
had four times delayed her 
departure. She is being towed 
to Japan and a.fature as a 
floating hotel. . . 

Only five crewmen were 
aboard the 1,540-berth pas- 
senger vessel, the biggest ever 
built in England, and a relic of 
another era in navel. In a 26- 
year career she carried more 
ihan 400.000 passengers, in- 
cluding many Britons travel- 
ling to Australia on assisted 

European Symposium 
on Better Choices 
for Disabled People- 
Bridging the Gap. 

The Development Trust for the Young Disabled in 
co-operation with the EEC are holding a European 

Syroposiurn at the Drapers' Hall, LondonEC2, on the 2^>iid 

and 24th October 1986 at which specialised papers will 
be read and discussed. Chairman and speakers indude:- 
H5s Grace the Duke of Devonshire UK 
Sir Brian IVIndeyer -l®- 

Dr.A.Klapwijk Netherlands 

Prof. K. Afjochbeim « Germany 

. Prof. Dr. J. C. Melchior D enm a r k 

ProtH.J.Hchmer W Germany 


EYbgelPoIsky Sr* 11 

N. Robertson fnr 

TV IaIm, lAfoAcngftYV? uK 

Air Commot&re D. F- Hixson UK 

, The registration fee of £60 includes rnommg coffee, 
lunch and afternoon tea. The proceedings will be 
published and made available at cost. 


Air Commodore D. F. Rixson, cvo obe dfc afc. 

Director Tlirpgmorton Club, \ 

c/o Development Twst for the Young Dteabled. 
Koval Hospital an AHomeiOr Incurables, . 
VfestTBD, Putney, London SWT5 35W. - 

Left picks Brazil land 
envoy for reform 
talks with minister 
Aquino forced out 

ready to contemplate a new 
extradition treaty with India if 
needed. And, Ire added, the 
Labour Party would show “no , 
great reluctance to entertain 
the idea of new arrange- 

Mr Khmock defended the 
Labour Party proposals to 
repeal the 1971 and 1981 
Immigration Nationality 
Acts. The proposals have been 
attacked in Britain since he 
referred to them at a meeting 
of tire India International 
Centre here. 

He said that though the 
report of his proposals was 
accurate they had been ntisan- , 
derstood by Fleet Street com- 
mentators. Labour Party pol- 
icy for five yean had been to 
grt rid of the racial aspects of 
the immigration laws — nota- 
bly die patriality danse. 

The law itself ■ was not , 
racialist, he said, but tire! 
application of an immigration 
system that included these | 
racial clauses might be repre- ■ 
seated as xadaUsL 

Mr Khmock described the 
patriality danse as covertly 
racial because it discriminated 
against applicants for immi- 
gratiea on the basis of their 
ethnic origin. • ■■ - 
. : J» 'answer to k question 
about the situation . hi Sri 
Lanka, Mr Khmock praised 
Indian efforts at bringing 
about a political solution, and 
declared quite firmly that 
“there cannot be and most not 
be a military sofntion”. 

He said that It was not easy 
for India to manufacture an 
immediately applicable poBcy, 
and added that Britain could 
“do little more than wish them 
the very best”. 

Quickie is 

tacting all Congress MPs, and 
expect that many party stal- 
warts who will not be contest- 
ing again will attend the June 

The letter begins on a 
personal note in pointing out 
that be was appointed by Mrs 
Gandhi, who delegated her 
authority to him so that the 
day-to-day organizational 
work could be carried out 
without occupying the Prune 
Minister's time. 

This smooth functioning of 
the organization ended, Mr 
Tripathi said, when Mr Aijun 
Singh was appointed vice- 
president of toe party, and 
dow “office-bearers are ap- 
pointed and replaced, (state 
committees) are dissolved and 
reconstituted, cells are orga- 
nized and reorganized, posts 
are created and abolished in 
the organization and I am 
consulted nowhere. I read 
these developments only in 
the newspapers”. 

But the veteran politician 
then observes that the party's 
recent performance has been 

Mr Tripathi also accuses Mr 
Gandhi of having misman- 
aged the country, saying that 

he had conducted a “musical . _ . 

chair style”of government, A jar containina 2 y 300 emeralds recovered from the wreck of a 17th century Spanish ship on 
changing ministers and party the ocean bed 35 miles from Key West, Florida, is examined by a delighted Mr Mel Fisher, 
secretaries at whim. head of Treasure Salvors. The find is thought to to be worth many mOlions of dollars. 

From Keith Dalton 

The Philippines' leading 
left-wing alliance, the Nation- 
al Democratic Front, has des- 
ignated an emissary to hold 
top-level talks with the Gov- 
ernment of President Aquino 
that could lead to a ceasefire in 
the 17-year insurgency. 

The identity ofthe emissary | 
and the possible place and 
time for preliminary talks 
have not been announced. 

But the official news agency 
of the National Democratic 
Front (NDF) said that talks 
must be held at the highest 
level, and that guerrilla units 
of the New People's Army 
have been ordered to reject 
any proposal for a regional 

The one-page NDF state- 
ment stresses that this effec- 
tively cancels a June 27 
“exploratory dialogue” be- 
tween rebel troops and gov- 
ernment forces on the central 
island of Samar. 

“We have high hope that 
our emissary's efforts will be 
met with co-operation and 
goodwill, believing as we do 
that President Aquino is genu- 
inely committed to the search 
for a just and lasting peace." 

There was no immediate 
statement from the presiden- 
tial palace as to whether the 
choice of emissary was accept- 
able to Mrs Aquino. 

Rio de Janeiro (AP) — The 
Brazilian Minister of Agrari- 
an Development and Reform 
has resigned after being 
pressed by powerful opponents 
of his plan to red i stribute land 
to poor peasants. 

The Minister, Sefior Nelson 
Ribeiro, said that he had 
resigned to allow President 
Sarney room to pot his own 
tone and style on the land 
reform process. 

One of his dose aides said 
SeAor Ribeiro resigned be- 
cause his efforts to promote 
land reform were thwarted by 
opponents within the Govern- 
ment “Ever since the ministry 
was created last year we have 
been blocked,” the aide said. 

“Our budget was not re- 
leased and we were prevented 
from hiring capable people. 
We've been working practical- 
ly with only our fingernails.” 

Seftor Ribeiro stirred con- 
troversy by s e izing property to 
carry out the reform. He had 
the backing of the Roman 
Catholic Church but was op- 
posed by ranchers and poli- 

President Sarney, who took 
office fast year after 2t years 
of military role, has pledged to 
distribute 88 million acres to 
1.4 million peasants within 
four years. So far about 2,000 
peasants have benefited. 

Land reform efforts have 
met violent opposition from 
big land-owners. 

From Tony Samstag 

As rites of spring go, a new 
potato race may lack charis- 
ma. Bat in the northernmost 
lands of Europe, even small 
potatoes can be a big deal. 

So it was with jubilation 
yesterday that the first Norwe- 
gian farmer to harvest his 
spring potato crop, for con- 
sumption in stylish restau- 
rants at more than £2 a pound, , 
was announced. 
r The winner was Mr Helge 1 
Todnem of Randaberg, near 
Stavanger, with a variety 
called Snoegg, or ‘Quickie.” 

At the traditional potato 
party the Mayor, Mr KnutBoe 
Sande, had only one regret 
Because of the severe winter, 

; there were no potatoes avail- 
able when King Ofav called for 
the delicacy earlier this 

The winning side 

A superb victory for 
Nigel Mansell and the Williams’ 
team in the Belgian Grand Prix last 
Sunday -the team’s second 
outright win this season. 

But success in Grand Prix is not 
just about driving a great race on 
the day. It involves a rare blend of 
talent, teamwork and technology. 

Mobil advanced synthetic 
lubricants are part of the Williams’ 
winning formula. These synthetic 
oils and greases perform well 

anywhere - in aviation, marine and 
truck engines, in tough industrial 
applications and in your own 
motor car. 

It’s not just on the racetrack that 
we lead the field. 


Synthetic Oils 

The world’s most advanced lubricants 

& But 
is left 
>p and 
ip after 
ng by 
Ji a 38 
* and a 
me on 
mob at 
3 3p. 

is were 
t 49p. 
's trad- 
ed 7p 
■ting at 


46 4-2 nd 
* s 

3-3 74 
IBS -12 

2 .hi' 

>e rating — : 
interest _j 
ttfit was — • 
was 781 . 

WEST- — 1 

the six 
be divi- ^ 
{ J0.8p_ 
n £000, 
16,740 — 
mds — 

cm was 
on a-' ** 
5) and 

ie fan 


The fittest people 
hang around bars 

* - V 




yg. '! > > • v 

*-r. Y -. ”vt> 


Arguments about which sport needs 

the most fitness have been settled 

by science. Simon Barnes reveals all 

'i • .V; 


W hich sport 
requires the 
greatest fit- 
ness? That 
can prompt 
arguments that ramble on for 
hours while any fitness one 
had m the first place is drunk 
away. Indeed, the first 
triathlon event, which in- 
volved swimming 2.4 miles, 
cycling 112 miles and then 
running a marathon, was held 
after just such an argument 
between a swimmer, a cyclist 
and a runner. 

All sportsmen — footballers, 
oarsmen, skiers — maintain 
that their sport does die most 
for you, but it has always 
seemed that the debate could 
never be resolved. Now Dr 
Craig Sharp, co-director of the 
Human Motor Performance 
Laboratory at Birmingham 
University, has spoiled a mil- 
lion bar-room arguments by 
analysing top performers in 33 
different sports and working 
out, on the basis of tests, 
exactly which sportsmen are 
the fittest. The results are in 
the table — and the clear 
winner is gymnastics. 

Dr Sharp tested up to 100 
practitioners of each sport for 
six different attributes. Most 
of the athletes tested were 
internationals. All were lead- 
ing performers: about the 
lowest level tested were rugby 
players from first-class dubs. 
Dr Sharp is not a great name- 
dropper, hut under pressure 
admitted that among his guin- 
ea pigs were David Moorcroft, 
current 5000m Common- 
wealth champion, tennis play- 
er Annabel Croft and Jonah 
Barrington, former British 
squash champion. Others to 
submit to the ordeal were the 
men's Olympic gymnastic 
squad, first division football- 
ers from Birmingham City, 
Aston Villa and Coventry 
City, the British (subsequently 
the English) squash squad, 
national squads in volleyball, 
speed skating, cyclo-cross and 
canoeing, 1 5 top British mara- 
thon runners and the North- 
ern Theatre Dance Company. 

The six categories in which, 
the sportsmen were tested 
need a little explanation. 

• Cardio-respiratory fitness: 
tests aerobic fitness (the oxy- 
gen delivery systemX Distance 
runners, cyclists and cross- 
country skiers excel here. 
Sprinters, who perform entire- 
ly anaerobically (they replen- 
ish very little oxygen as they 
run) simply do not require it 
in their sport. Accordingly 
they scored a mere four here 

• Muscle speed involves the 
time it takes for an athlete to 
reach peak power. The tests 
involved a series of timed. 

computerized, explosive exer- 
cises. The sprinters did under- 
standably well here, since 
bursting off the blocks is what 
they train for. Sprint cyclists 
and karate exponents also 
scored highly; the ultra-dis- 
tance swimmers and cross- 
country skiers did worst 

• The strength category is 
self-explanatory. Dr Sharp 
found that for no apparent 
reason there were variations 
of up to 10 per cent from day 
to day. The testing was done 
with machines on which you 
push and puQ. and which 
indicate the tension in kilo- 
grams. Distance runners were 
the arch weaklings; while the 
otherwise low scoring rugby 
forwards hit the big 10. 

• Local muscle endurance 
tests the amount of work you 
are capable of. You work at 
some demanding task flat-out 
until the build-up oflactic add 
makes you collapse. The tests 
measure how quickly your 
work-rate foils off, measures 
your fatigue, and then your 
recovery rate as you do the 
whole thing again. The gym- 
nasts scored 10, alongside an 
odd bunch: sprint canoeists, 
ultra-distance swimmers and 

• The flexibility tests played 
havoc with the overall scores 
of many sports. They involved 
various kinds of bending and 
stretching, toe-touching, and 
the angle at which you could 
do the splits. The Olympic 
gymnasts naturally bagged 
tens here, along with the 

• Tests for the percentage of 
body fet measured the thick- 
ness of the skin at various 
sites. The body fet for young 
males averages around 14 per 
cent of body wieght, and for 
females it is 26 per cent. For 
sportsmen, you have an aver- 
age of 10 per cent, and for 
sportswomen, 22 per cent 

The results are fascinating 
and no doubt they will start as 
many arguments as they solve. 
The point to remember is that 
a distance runner, for exam- 
ple, is not trying to build np 
strength, flexibility and high 
muscle speed. He is only 
actually interested in good 
oxygen delivery, local muscle 
endurance and a low percent- 
age of body fet. The rest is 
irrelevant to him. 

Of course the benefits of a 
sport are not just physical 
The table is, as Dr Sharp 
insists, not to be taken too 
seriously . . . certainly not if 
you are an ultra-distance 
swimmer. Do ultra-distance 
swimmers do it for then- 
health? For all those boring 
lengths they do, they would be 
better off playing ping- 





a w* 



Long cflstanca mrimraing 

True Brits are made of bits Psat^day 

Is a nation the 
sum of its odder 
parts? A collector 
has evidence for 
the proposition 

If you were ever sustained by 
the Cycle Biscuit (“Highly jf 
Nitrogenous and Digestive”), 
fortified by Plasmon Cocoa 
(“I will be strong") or enjoyed 
Dr Watson’s Tonic Stout 
(“The Most Wholesome and % _ 
Nourishing Drink in the 
World”), you have, as well as a 
very good memory. That Brit- 
ish Feeling. 

That, at least, is the feeling 
of Robert Opie, creator of the 
Pack Age Museum in Glou- so U v 



or games, 

cester with its display of which they eventually do 
packaging and marketing ma- throw away”, Opie says. “This 

terial, surd of the exhibition 
opening at the Trocadero in 
Leicester Square today. That 
British Feeling is a not alto- 
gether serious attempt to re- 

capture the sense of brand of cigarette a man 
Britishness which has devei- smokes or the magazine be 
oped over the test century or reads rather than his furniture, 
so, through the kinds of things It’s not the Houses of Parlifl- 
people would normally have ment so as the HP 

thrown away bnt for some Sauce”. 

Hoarding history: Robert Opie in marketing's memory hn* 

souvenirs, toys or games, croquet mallets. Opks says the 
which they eventually do contents are “not necessarily 
throw away”, Opie says. “This Victorian but anything up to 
is a sideways look at what we the present because Granny 
ue and bow we came to be has been stuffing things into 
like that It is very difficult to her attic all the time.” 
pin down just what it is, but it Then there is the royal 

is in the little things — the souvenir room: “Eveiythwg 
ittand of cigarette a man in this exhibition win be not 
smokes or the magazine be quite what it seems, so that 

is a sideways look at what we 
are and how we came to be 
like that It is very difficult to 
pin down just what it is, but it 
is in the little things — the 

people would normally have 
thrown away bnt for some 
reason did nof. 

“There are two main 
strands to the exhibition: the 
things people immediately 
throw away, and the things 
that people hang on to, like 

Go to parts of Miami, San 
Antonio, or Los Angeles, and 

rads rather than his furniture, wha; I call the crown jewels 
t’s not the Houses of Paxiia- will be those wonderful com- 
lem so much as the HP memorative rimy, the room 
&uce”. will be fufl of commemorative 

h opens with “Granny’s, things from the last hundred 

it} If* At-rir” 9 email uhr nfmtnt wiMa-k. a »» 

Little Attic”, a small space 
stacked with clothes, riding 
boots, pots and pans, a topi, 
vases, vacuum cleaners, 
shooting sticks; bead bins. 

years of royal pageantry.” 
There will be a glance at a 
chemist’s shop and a grocery 
and a special display dedicat- 
ed to British sport and how 

manufacturers were able to 
associate themselves with it 
(There is a case to mark the 
World Cup, dedicated to 
World Cup Willy in 196 6). 
Another celebrates that other 
British tradition ofbeer-drink- 
ing, and another the uniquely 
British seaside holiday seen 
through the postcards of Don- 
ald McGifl and his followers. 

. The centrepiece is a series of 
tableaux showing the different 
ways we have entertained 
ourselves at home over the 
last century. They display “all 
those bits and pieces that are 
in the home, but not t h in gs 
like furniture, things of the 
spirit of the home”. Maga- 
zines, comics, games, phono- 
graphs, a magic lantern, 
wireless sets and televisions. 

And if some of these things 
seem familiar, it is because 
Opie supports his pursuit of 
snapping up unconsidered tri- 
fles by hiring items to film 
companies, so they have Ap- 
peared in an Agatha Christie 
television series. Hi Di Hi and 
Out <of Africa. ... 1 

‘Fra interested in how peo- 
ple live, and in pulling out the 
things which produce thfo 
kind of extra spark that makes 
us British”. Opie says. “It’s 
not just the serious and not 
just the comic, but a combina- 
tion of both. The true Brit will 
recognize iL” 

Simon Tait 

spared the violence and 
passions that have wracked 
Belgium, Canada, Indfa, and 
elsewhere; and America's 

£12,000 to be won 

March timeJn Casote O’Bsa 

Halo and 

Tascany has more saints 
than enough, but there 
k n o shortage of other 
attra cti ons around Siena 

for a 4 nattuaF 
at the National 

Poolside eating: 
a capita] utea. 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 

I Beetroot soap (6) 

5 Agreement (6) 

8 Cleopatra Make (3) 

9 Boil gently (fi) 

10 Till (6) 

11 Worthless talk (4) 

12 Hawaiian dance (4,4) 

14 Nevertheless (6) 

17 Gun noise (6) 


En glish their official lan- 
guage, and Congress has be- 
gun discussing an amendment 
to die nation's Constitution. 
Activists are collecting signa- 
tory to forestall any moves to 
give Spanish official status as 
a second language. Adminis- 
tration officials, including the 
Secretary of Education, have 
described the growi ng pro- 
gramme of bflinmnl education 
in schools as misguided and a 
long-term political and cultur- 
al threat. 

Many of the- Spanish- 
speakeis are illegal immi- 

atuatioo to play on political 
grievances and cultural 

America has always been a 
land of many tangoes. The 
1980 census counted nearly 26 
minion people — 11 per cent of 
the population - who speak a 
language other than English at 
home. The babble ranges from 
Arabic to Yiddish, with the 
major immi grant s ’ languages 
of earlier times — German, 
Italian, and French — each 
still spoken by about JUS 
million people. 

Bnt Spanish t o w e rs over att. 
& is spoken in the home by 

dreds more offer some Spanish 
programming .each week. And 
unlike the imm igra ntm speak- 
ing German, Lithuanian, or 
Polish, the Spanish speakers 
have not assimilated; or at 
least, as fast as the older 
Immigrants learn English 
newcomers arrive who cannot 
speak the tengnage. 

The danger is permanent 
ghettoizatiou, with Spanish 
speakers restricted in their 
jobs, opportnnities, and learn- 
ing power. It is only a small 
step to a permanent under- 
class and political ar re st . 
Until now, America has been 


Constitutional amendment 
would ward off any future 
court judg eme nts which might 
expand roe present notion ef : 
dvU and linguistic rights Into 
the declaration of Spanish as 
an alternative official 

24 Rock layers (6) 

25 Writing fluid jar (6) 

26 Pen spot (3) 

27 Globe (6) 

28 Over there ($) 


' B B 3MB ■ ■ 

| a I B JM gBBBH 

1 - B B ■ B B ■ 

™ anmanwRu 
agHan ananSn 
3»-ii_i a n ■ 

Mr Steve Working s mem- 
ber Of a new Washingto n, 
based. pro-English lobby 
group, “US English”, says: “If 
America had become a Ger- 
man-speaking country in the 
last century, we would still 
exist as a Jobbygroup. But 
would be lobbying for 

- 4 

L5 ■ ■ bcb 


1 Overdo 2 





The vast increase in 
inedlical compensa tion 
cases has reposed the 
slow and painful 
^ > S workings of the law. 

our patients? 


r»i; s f 

. v- - ^ 




>+>• - »-* 


Frances Gibb looks 
at changes on the way 

inda Thomas went into hos- 
; pilal to “have hear tonsils out 
r 18 days after she married. 
She hid not unwrapped her 
g presents and expected to be 
; L <crat in three days. 

But the operation went honren- 
.. donsty -wrong. An anaesxhetisf s error 
led to> brain haemorrhage and a bc^rt 
attack and Linda, from Cardiff, th«i . 
: 17,'tvas left brain-damaged with a 
mental age of six and confined to a 
wheelchair. Hot was in March 1976. 

The tough battle by her parents for 
compensation, in wb&h her father 

ended with a - £679^00 
avwntilast December— 10 years later. 

Aad in March, the parents of six- 
1 year-old Caroline TurviHe, who had 
i battled since their daughters birth for 
wmpensatioru won £600,000. Caro- 
linesriifered “terrible and irreversible 
handicaps" when lack of .oxygen at- 
: her premature birth in 1979 caused 
severe brain damage; she is expected 
-aever; 4 o talk or walk, and has to be 
: held by her mother every waking 
? "hmff.’The damages were the highest 
-yettobe awarded bya Britisb court in 
a medical negligence case and reflect a 
. growing sense among the judiciary 
that the medical profession should be 
mate to pay far as mistakes. 

: -_Tte two cases are by no m eans 
unusual: suing for damages in person- 
al imuries cases is now one of the 
[Jengduest — and costliest — kinds of 
fittgedSon in the civil courts. 

V.'/AJ- : new. report from the Lord 
^GraaCellor's department indicates 
; ihat ^igh Cbnrt personal injury cases 
take ftp to six years; county court 
^cas^^with no more than £3,000 in 
digfate* three years or more and that 
H can take three years simply to get a 
case started. Cases which settle out of 
courtean take just as long.' 

. OfSczals also admit that costs are 
^disp ro portionately expensive’'. In 
the High Court costs can amount to 
£70 for every £100 of damages 
awarded, ha the county court costs 
. may be lower but they amount to a 
lugger percental share of the dam- 
ages awanted, adding up to between 
. £125 and £175 fin 1 every £100 of 
,o6m]fensatioti~ . . 

The huge 'costs and delays are 
major obstacles to obtaining compeit- 
• /- Ration* - Three million people are 

••- n injured in accidents in England and. 

‘ ' ^ Wales each year; but not more than 

i »\ 1 in- 10 per cent of victims daim. 

■* ^ *• There is the problem of finding 

legal and medical experts, the ques- 
tion of funding for those ineligible for 
legal aid, delays by medical authori- 
ties in disclosing the relevant records, 
delays caused by resistance to claims 
by insurance bodies, the delay caused 
by the need to await as accident’s fall 
effects before final compensation and 
finally the delay of the law itseff with 
its long waiting lists for hearings. 

Victims are also deterred by igno- 
rance and confusion over how to 
claim, by lack of a witness or 
evidence, and by fear of costs. “For 
the minority of litigants who pay their 
own way, as with those who are 
granted legal aid subject to making a 
contribution, high costs can generate 
major anxieties over a long period of 
time”, the Lord Chancellor’s depart- 
ment says. “For them the choice may 
lie between, abandoning a daim, 
settling for a low figure, or raising 
funds by liquidating life-savings or 
disposing of the family home.” 

In its recent repoff the verdict of 
the Lord Chancellor’s department 
was blunt. As well as bang inordi- 
nately expensive, file present system 
was “inefficient anddilatory”, cans- . 
ing personal stress, anxiety and 
finanrtal hardship to litigants and 
their families, they said. In short, it 
could not be defended. 

As part of a much wider review of 

the dvfi courts system, it has come up 
with radical proposals for change. 
They propose replacing court hear- 
ings before a judge with a system of 
“trial by written evidence only”. The 
two sides would submit their papers 
to an adjudicator — judge, registrar, 
solicitor or barrister — who would 
make his decision on the basis of the 
documents, similar .to the way -the 
Criminal Injuries Board makes pay- 
ments to victims of crime. ' — 

T he propcsaHs far-reaching: 
with file consent of both 
parties, the system would be 
available for any personal 
injury case. It is also proposed that it 
would be compulsory for certain 
cases, such as road accidents and 
others where no more than £5,000 is 
at issue. If the system took on aU cases 
now limited to the county court it 
would apply to two tbiras of all 
personal injury cases. Costs would be 
cut to a minimum, and the warring 
time between assembling a case file 
and the decision woukfbe days rather" 

than months. - ' - 

For more substantial casesa “carte 
on the table** system requiring each 
.side . to make early and detailed 
disclosure of their case is proposed, as 
well as a strict timetable for steps in 
the proceedings, ' and a pre-trial 

hearing to cut put all but the essential 
issues. The problem of delay when a 
medical condition cannot be prognos- 
ticated should be tackled by trying the 
issue of liability in advance of the 
issue of damages, they propose. 

All this would cut waiting rimes by 
encouraging earlier settlements and 
cutting the length of trials. The 
proposals, which are backed by Lord 
Hail sham, the Lord Chancellor, have 
now gone out for wide consultation. 

The changes stop some way-short 
of a no-fault compensation system 
first proposed by the Pearson Com- 
mission on personal injuries in 1978, 
and supported by the British Medical 
Association. One such scheme exists 
in New Zealand, under which the 
victim does not need to go to court to 
prove negligence: compensation is 
automatic if there is a clear causal 
link between accident and injury. 

But the Government is against 
such a scheme,- which could -cost 
£50xn a year, despite considerable: 
support last year a calTfor its 
introduction by Xord Denning,' for- 
mer Master of foe -Rolls,- was firmly 
rejected by Lord Hailsham. With a 
no-fault scheme therefore very much 
on ice, the present proposals could do 
much for the moment to remedy 

A problem men should not 
feel complacent about 

Three quarters of women 
suffer at some lime from the 
pain, irritation ana vaginal 
discharge caused by an attack 
of thrush / Candida albicans), 
and 45 per cent have had 
more than one episode . So it 
is hardly surprising that their 
problems receive more atten- 
tion in the medical and lay 
press than infections in the 
male. But three per cent of 
partners of women with 
thrush develop an acute 
balano-posthitis. the male 
equivalent. With inflamaiion, 
itching and sometimes ooz- 
ing ; the diagnosis is usually 
obvious and treatment 

A Jess well-known condition 
is the acute hypersensitivity 
reaction which 15 to 20 per 
cent of men develop after 
intercourse with a woman 
with thrush. The reaction, a 
transient redness and irrita- 
tion, occurs within an hour or 
so and usually disappears 
within 12 hours. But being a 
contact dermatitis, it can 
reinfea the woman, and sur- 
veys have shown thisaccounts 
for a quarter of all cases of 
recurrent thrush attacks in 
women. It confirms the belief 
that both partners should be 

Radioactive relief 

If a treatment 
for cancer of 
the prostate 
developed in 
Denmark and 
now being 
tried in three 
British centres — Cardiff, 
London and Bristol — be- 
comes established, it may be 
as unwise for young children 
to sit on their grandad’s knee 
as it was for their elder 
mothers and sisters to learn 
Russian in Kiev. The Danes 
have recently been treating 
early cancer of the prostate by 
implanting up to 50 seeds of 
radioactive iodine in the 
malignant nodules. Although 
this renders the patient mild- 
ly radioactive for between 
three to six months, the very 
low escape of radiation is not 
dangerous for the patient’s 
family as a whole, but does 
pose a theoretical risk for 
young children. 

Doctors do not know why 
cancer of the prostate is on 
the increase. In America it is 
now toe second most com- 
mon cause of death from 
cancer in memTrtatirient is 
difficult. Doctors like to hold 
hormonal treatment in re- 
serve until there is evidence 
that- the disease has spread, 
for not only does it have 
unpleasant side effects, but in 






time it loses its efficacy. 
Surgery is not very successful 
and radical prostatectomy 
always produces impotence 
and often incontinence. 

Radiotherapy has been the 
most popular treatment; ei- 
ther external beam radiother- 
apy, which has the 
disadvantage of affecting the 
rectum as well, or by the 
implantation of seeds of ra- 
dioactive iodine, which has 
until recently involved major 

The Danish system of im- 
plantation using the dear 
picture of the prostate ob- 
tained with ultrasound, 
makes open surgery unneces- 
sary. Twelve needles are in- 
serted, under a general 
anaesthetic, through the skin 
between the patient's legs. 
Aided by two ultrasound 
probes in the rectum they are 
directed to the precise spot in 
the prostate which needs 
treatment. As the needles are 
withdrawn, the radio-iodine 
seeds are deposited. 

Dr Elizabeth Whipp. who 
is treating patients in Bristol - , 
said that it was difficult to 
diagnose prostatic cancer in 
patients at an early stage — 
when the Danish treatment 
was likely to be most effective 
— but even so she was 
enthusiastic about the results 
obtained in the small group 
she had treated. After the 
procedure they suffered no 
discomfort and relumed 
home within 48 hours. 

The patients all felt well 
and were grateful that neither 
their masculinity nor their 
potency had been lost, as 
would have been, the case 
with hormone treatment. 

Health at steak 

Your butcher 
is a worried 
man , and in- 
creasingly im- 
poverished by 
the British 
1 housewife 's 
substitution of supermarket 
chicken and other while 
meats for traditional beef and 
mutton. Families may com- 
antiale themselves that even 
their Sunday lunch lacks 
favour a provides a more. 
" healthy “ source of protein. 

But perhaps they should 
read;a defence' of red meat, 
reported in the British Medi- ■ 
cal Journal, by Dr D A T 
Southgate, head of nutrition 
at the Food Research Insti- 


lute. He says that beef and 
latnb are excellent sources of 
high quality protein and 
makes a substantial contribu- 
tion to the body's require- 
ments of vitamins. People 
who are trying to reduce their 
fat intake need to remember 
that the fat in beef and mutton 
is highly saturated. But de- 
spite this. Dr Southgate says 
red meat should continue as 
parr of our national diet, but 
suggests that housewives 
should insist on leaner cuts 

Difficult to face 

In order to 
reach the face, 
the fifth crani- 
al nerve has to 
twist its way 
through a nar- 
row canal in 
the temporal bone of the 
sknlL It is a tight fit and if the 
nerve swells, through injury 
or disease, it is damaged, 
sometimes irreversibly. Trau- 
ma, from a blow, mastoid 
infections, the herpetic virus- 
es and a host of other 
diseases, can affect the nerve 
at this vulnerable point, but 
sadden facial paralysis usual- 
ly has do obvious cause. 

1 When medical science is un- 
certain, a virus or an antoim- 
mone response is blamed. 

The resulting paralysis is 
known as Bell’s palsy after 
Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842). 
It can have serious conse- 
quences as the paralysis can 
prevent the eyelids from dos- 
ing and cause damage to file 
cornea. The paralysis has to 
be distinguished from that 
caused by a stroke or other 
interacranial lesion. When 
due to a stroke, the muscles of 
the forehead, controlled by 
both sides of the brain, are 
spared. In Bell’s palsy the 
forehead is also paralysed. 

The. outcome, tends to de- 
pend on the degree of initial 
paralysis; if it is incomplete, a 
fail and quick recovery can be 
expected. If it is severe, 
electrical tests may help to 
distinguish those who will do 
well, for if the nerve retains 
the ability to react to electri- 
cal stimulation there is a 90 
per cent chance of recovery; if 
not, only 20 per cent 

Treatment is designed to 
reduce pressure on the nerve 
in the canaL But the results of 
; surgery have been disappoint- 
ing; although very heavy 
dosfes of steroids for 14 days 
have proved more effective, 
providing that the course is 

Dr Thomas 


\ J v//' : 

1 • 

. ; - , ■. •_ v 


Gcoige Carman QC who 
represented Caroline TnrviBe, 
is one of Hie country’s most, 
eminent lawyers. “There is no 
rigid scale of damages”, he 
says. “There are recognized 
brackets for conventional 
awards but at the end of the 
day it becomes ultimately a 
matter for judicial discretion. 

“But the main el ements of 
damages are not usually as 
compensations for pain and 
. suffering and loss of life but 
more mien for the cost of 
caring for the severely dis- 
abled and, of course, for their 
total loss of earning capacity. 

“In the case of death, dam- 
ages are usually very much 
more reduced than in the case 
of a prolonged and totally 
shattered life where the victim 
will live for many years.” 

In assessing damages, the 
court begins by awarding a 
figure for “pain and suffering 
.and loss of amenity of life” up . 
to-a ceiling of around £85,000. 
It then e $ri mate* the victim’s 
loss of earning capacity based- 
on his or her existence and 
potential ^frills, age and fife 

Finally, the cost of dolled 
nursing care for the rest of his 
or her natural lifespan is 
' worked out. “When we are 
tallfing about 24 hour nursing 

on a seven-days-a-week basis 

in a domestic context for 
perhaps 50 years or more of 
life, we are. talking of an 
enormous sum which dearly 
can be four or five tunes more 
‘ than "the figure for pain and 
suffixing. Carman says. ... ■ - 

- “It would certainly- not be 

unusual these days in a case in 
which someone is re n d ered 
totally helpless at a very young 

age to see the cost of care 
evaluated as something in the > 
order of. £300,000 to 

Yet even that amount is 
derisory when compared to 
settlements made by Ameri- 
can courts, where jury awards 
averages! million a case and 
lawyers operating on a fee 
frays by which they c an keep 
up to SQ per cent of the award. . 

-But the American system 
has brought about a ensrisin 
the medical profession, with 
doctors having fo pay up to 
5100,000 a year in insurance 
to protect themselves against, 
malpractice claims and fre- 
quently resorting to 
“defensive" medicine in 
which the patient's interests 
may not always be their 
primary concern. 

“The doctors in this country 
have such hist oric a lly high 
ethical standards that they, will 
not be deflected by claims 

Georae Carman: worn £600,900 
Mr Caroline TurviRe 

< The system 
fosters great 
and despair’ 

against them", says Carman. 
But he admits that “there is 
always a danger that litigation 
can destroy confidence in the 
medical profession and it is 
important that society keeps 
the balance between preserv- 
ing that confidence and. at the 
same time, allowing people 
who have genuine — and I 
stress genuine --grievances to 
bring them efficiently and 
without delay before _ the 
courts for compensation.” 

In Britain, the defendants in 
such cases are normally the 
area health authorities- which 
pays any damages out of its 
National Health budget allo- 
cation and/or the consultant 
who by virtue of his National 
Health service contract has to 
be professionally indemnified 
against medical negligence 

“We are certainly seeing an 
increase in the numbers of 
complaints and my hunch is 
that they are going to continue 
increasing , says Dr 
R_ N. Palmer, deputy secre- 
tary of the Medical Protection 
Society, one . of the main 
protection groups. 

. “The profession is worried 
about the alarming increases 
in the awards of damages that 
m the long ran come put of 
their pockets. The fact is that 
it only happens to the tiniest 
proportion of the total, ntnn- . 
ber of doctors but the pnblic 
have got unrealistic expecta- 
tions as a result of what they 
read in the newspapersand see 
on television." y 
Carman feels -that much 
could be done to improve 
communication between the 

medical profession and pa- 
tients who suffer from its 

“One of the shortcomings of | 
our present system is that 
certain health authorities 
practice defensive litigation 
and it is unfortunate that 
fallerand more detailed expla- 
nations are not given to people 
who have a medical misfor- 
tune — which may or may not 
give rise to a claim ofj 

“It fosters great bitterness 
and despair among victims 
and their relatives whereas 
xpore sympathetic communi- 
cation at the highest level in 
the early stages would often 
heal the wounds and prevent 
acrimonious litigation.” 

In a climate of increasing 
economic pressure within the 
NHS, and growing expecta- 
tions among (he public of 
medical technology's ability to 
cure everything, it is inevita- 
ble that medical- malpractice 
claims should flourish. 

“Obviously the primary 
motive of litigants is 
compensation”, says Carman, 
“but I suppose there may be a 
secondary motive of guilt in 
the case of parents or relatives 
who perhaps feel they have 
not done enough for the 
victim or didn't lake enough 
care or make enough 

“But an award of damages 
by the court in tragic cases of 
persona] injuries is, at best, 
always an imperfect solution. 
It does not provide true 
compensation, nor does it set 
out to do so. It does not heal 
wounds or make the patient 
better. And in cases of death, 
one can understand that the 
bereaved's relatives may find 
litigation distasteful Howev- 
er, it’s often embarked upon 
because of the financial de- 
pendency of others upon the 

Even so, he stresses that, 
“the law and medicine are in 
no way set on a collision 
course, although, inevitably, 
the- role of medicine and the 
practice of medicine has to be 
ultimately under the supervi- 
sion of the law. 

“Because of the very high 
ethical standards governing 
medicine in this country, the 
courts are content to leave 
very considerable discretion 
to the judgment of individual 

“But at the end of the day, 
for civil and criminal law, the 
couru have to exercise a 
monitoring role." ■ 

Sally Brampton 

. ©Times Nampapaw Ltd, 1988 



David Peterson 

4 Qh the morning of July 
3, ray wife ana X wifl 
arrive at Gatwick Air- 
port. We will collect oar 
hired car and drive to a 
pub in Hampshire. There we 
wfll meet a friend of onrs and 
his family. It wfil be their first 
trip, out fifth. We are all 
American citizens. 

Rambo may be afraid to 
cross the AtiamSic, but we 
seven are not I write to tell 
you that and also to try to 
explain the behaviour of some 
of my countrymen. We have a 
saying : “Don't believe every- 
thing yon read fa (he papers”. 
Asa joarnafist I woaldput it 
somewhat differently. Jour- 
nalists exaggerate. Not delib- 

erately, in most cases; rather, 
they select the most vivid 
examples nod .the effect is 

Hundreds oAbousands of 
Americans will still be 
travelling to Britain this year, 
but what of the others? Isn’t it 
hypocritical of than to cheer 
the bombing of Libya, that 
leave the resulting risk to be 
borne by a loyal ally? 

It has been said that given 
the rate of violent crime fa the 
US, Americans would do well 
to escape to Britain. The fact 
is, the attitude toward terror- 
ism fa Europe of Americans 
who are igpwrant of Europe is 
akin to the attitnde toward 
crime in America of Europe- 
ans ignorant of America. 

Terrorism has bean a prob- 

_ many Americans 
afraid to travel Some Britons 
have long been afraidto travel 
to New York City. The prob- 
lem fa both cases is fids: 
When what you know aboat 
the unknown centres on occa- 
sional bloody tragedies, you 
begin to think them the staff 
of everyday life. A New 
Yorker might well be safer fa 
terrorist-tense Europe titan 
on West 57th Street, bat he 
knows that nothing mi toward 
has ever happened to him mi 
West 57th Street 
Americans like and admire 
the British. The American 
tourist is in fact the sort of 
American most sensitive to 
the fears and desires of 
Europeans; most likely to 
speak op for them at home; 
most eager to get past the 
primitive impressions 
in tiie media. Some of : 
ns may seem irrational, 
bat we mean wdi. Ami 
we wQl be back. 






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Two months after Barclays Bank 
announced fresh measures' to scale 
down its South African invest' 
ments, I discover it is indirectly 
sponsoring a jamboree for expatri- 
ate South Africans in this country 
tomorrow. The celebrations at the 
Trinity Church of England School, 
Esher, mark South Africa's 25th 
Republic Day. The cash has been 
provided by Barclays National 
Bank of South Africa, 40 per cent 
owned by Barclays. Barclays chair- 
man, Sir Timothy Be van, who last 
year called apartheid “repugnant 
wrong, unchristian and unwork- 
able", is a non-executive director 
of the associate company. To- 
morrow's fun begins with a flag- 
raising ceremony and the playing 
of the South African national 
anthem. Barclays, which has lent 
more than £800 million to South 
Africa, is sensitive about public 
identification with its South Af- 
rican associates. It stressed yes- 
terday: “We have not made a 
donation to this event." The 
programme of events, however, 
unhelpfully lists the sponsor as 
“Barclays Bank". 

• The cantionary sign that greeted 
Ian Botham when he arrived at 
Lord’s yesterday to face charges 
that be had placed the game in 

Fashion aid 

Sarah Ferguson appeared on our 
front page on Wednesday wearing 
a delightful floral silk afternoon 
dress for her flight to the Carib- 
bean. It was identical to one that 
featured prominently on our fash- 
ion page the day before. Keeping 
up with The Times ? 

Oh, brother 

As the BBC prepares to reel from a 
new book on its travails. I can 
offer a crumb of comfort. While 
author Michael Leapinan was 
uncovering the corporation’s 
gaffes for The Last Days of the 
Beeb , his publishers madesome of 
their own. The caption to a dust- 
jacket portrait of the BBC chair- 
man. Stuart Young, elevates him 
to "Lord Young”, and the confu- 
sion with Young's brother, the 
Employment Secretary, is re- 
peated in a chan inside. "I should 
have noticed, I should have 
noticed." wails Leapman. 

Raw deal 

Artist Martin Wiener is feeling 
vindicated. A year ago a dealer 
who had commissioned an erotic 
print from him for an an fair at 
Olympia refused to hang it be- 
cause it depicted a nude male 
wading waist-deep in transparent 
and fish-infested water. Sotheby's 
has now sold an artist's proof of 
the etching for £60. The Bohemian 
purchaser is Sir Peter Green, 
former chairman of Lloyd's. 
"Disturbing? I thought it was 
hilarious," he says. 



AR&1ES | 



X X, 

<1 t-.-.-l 

»nr i 11 

So much for ‘No election 
□mil 1988 . . .' 


More double-think from the Inter- 
national Festival of Theatre in 
Baltimore, Maryland, which has 
excluded the National Theatre’s 
production of Animal Farm from 
next month's official programme 
because contributing nations 
might find it embarrassing. Now, 
festival organizers searching for 
the most prestigious show to stage 
at a fund-raising gala have chosen 
Animal Farm. Seats will sell for 
$100 each. 

Dead bat 

My cricket story runs and runs. 
The first stroke, you remember, 
was played on this very pitch on 
Tuesday when I took issue with 
Wisden for describing an inni ng* 
foreclosed by death at the Lord’s 
wicket in 1942 as “29 not out". 
Since then you have flung me 
copious suggestions from the out- 
field. The latest deliveries include; 
"pegged before wicket"; “timed 
out"; "pavilioned in splendour”; 
“R.I.P. (recumbent in pads)”; 
“bye-bye”; "laid out” and, bearing 
in mind the figure of Father Time 
at cricket’s headquarters, “scythed 
out . I shall declare this story 
closed on Monday. 


I think 1 had better explain (m’lud) 
what I am doing with a pile of 
American pornographic maga- 
zines. I brought them back for a 
friend (yes, m'lud, I know that's 
what they all say) who needed 
them as research material for a 
forthcoming book (yes, m’lud, I 
know that's what they all say), and 
if the friend in question is reading 
these words, let them be taken as a 
declaration of intent: in no 
circumstances whatever would I 
do such a thing again. 

Mind: ! was breaking no law 
(yes, m'lud . . . ). The magazines 
are certainly pornographic, but 
similar things are available, 
un prosecuted, in any of our dues, 
and they are not prosecuted 
because the likelihood of convic- 
tion is so slight that the authorities 
ignore them; these, though I am 
assured that they are more ex- 
treme than the home-published 
ones, do not include scenes of 
sadism or bestiality (the rule-of- 
thumb test nowadays), and if the 
measure of what is legally permit- 
ted has now moved far enough to 
include such material, so be it I do 
not propose to set myself up as a 
jobbing censor. 

Only, you see, I felt it incum- 
bent upon me (on the ground that 
all experience is valuable) to look 
through the magazines before 
handing them over, and I have to 
say that by the time 1 had finished 
doing so. my liberal views on 
matters of this kind had taken a 
relentless, powerful and un- 
expected battering. 

First, let me gel the most 
obvious point out of the way. I 
have never in my life had an 
experience so unerotic: these 
magazines seem to me so entirely 
anaphrodisiac that they might 
have been designed to foment an 
outbreak of fanatical celibacy. If 
they seem so to me, they must 
presumably seem so to others too, 
but here fallacy rears its head. I 
had no prior idea of what the 
magazines contained (I have 
never been interested in pornog- 
raphy, and cannot recall even 
leafing through such material), 
and have no intention of ever 
opening another, yet they are 
dearly sold in huge numbers, and 
if they are not sold to men like me, 
then there are men, and very 
many of them, who do find them 
arousing. And if that is so — and it . 
must be, else how could they exist? 

- our world is in more trouble 
than I had known. 

For throughout the magazines, 
photographs and text alike have 
one theme only, one attitude only, 
one lesson only, one invitation 
only. It is that women are things, 
objects, receptacles, instruments-, 
that their nature is passive, insen- 
sate. usable, empty; that they exist 
to comply, offer, submit, serve. 

I must particularize; the squea- 
mish should skip. In the photo- 
graphs, the characteristic pose — 
there are at least a dozen such in 
every one of the magazines — is of 
the woman fondling herself In.. 
almost as many, though the same 
thing is happening, this is being 
done by others, in a significant 
proportion by other women. 

There are, obviously, many 
pictures of coition, some of them 
in multiple form; in all, the 
women are portrayed as no more 
than an adjunct to the men's 
activity. Most faces are contorted; 
presumably the photographer and 
the models wanted to convey 
sexual pleasure, but to my eye they 
seem mostly to be registering 
boredom. Some of the laces are 
beautiful, some hideous; very few 
show any sign of feeling or 
thought, indeed of any capacity for 
either. More breasts are sagging 
than not. 

The words that separate the 
photographs are of a monotony 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

The hateful 
shame of 

David Watt 


that is scarcely to be believed; 
however the theme is introduced, 
whatever the background which- 
ever form of sexuality is con- 
cerned whether the article is 
entitled “Confessions of a teenage 
lesbian" or “Let’s do it in the 
sand", the result is the same: a 
portrayal of a woman as nothing 
but a willing orifice, her world 
reduced to the filling of it. 

Perhaps the most significant 
lines in all this collection are in a 
letter which purports to come 
from a man in prison awaiting 
execution. It reads: “I want to say 
you've got the best mag I ever laid 
my eyes on and to show my 
appreciation, I'm going to walk to 
the gas chamber with a copy of it 
and rule all the ladies in hellP’ 

Now: you will notice that I have 
not used any such words as 
“dirty", “filth", “obscene". Nor 
do l intend to; I am not in the 
same business as Lord Longford 
or Mrs Whitehouse, and I do not 
believe that what disgusts me 
should be abolished or banned 
because I do not presume to 
believe that my response to such 
material is the only possible one, 
or for that matter that banning is 
of any use in this field On the 
other band I have never been 
greatly impressed by the defence 
of pornography through the argu- 
ment from catharsis, and I am 
very considerably less impressed 
by it now: the familiar — too 
familiar — claim that this materia] 
is nothing more than a mastur- 
batory aid for men with problems 
about relationships cannot be 
disproved by my feeling that it is 
wholly repellent rather than invit- 
ing, because, as f have said the 
existence of the magazines (and in 
such numbers, incidentally I could 
have made half a dozen entirely 

different selections) shows that 
many men must be stimulated by 
it. But stimulation, like peace, is 
indivisible; the man on Death 
Row planned to die with a copy of 
Hustler in his hand but he also 
planned to “rule all the ladies in 
hell" afterwards. 

1 do not know, and nor does 
anybody else, whether, and if so to 
what extent, material of this kind 
tends to reinforce feedings or 
disperse them. The imitative ef- 
fect, if any, can hardly be very 
straightforward: very few unhappy 
men in dirty macintoshes would 
be able to afford the settings in 
which the models are mostly 
portrayed (though a closer look 
makes clear that the lush 
surroundings are essentially 
cheapjack, and the level of 
sophistication pitifully low), and 
fewer still to match the physical 
agility demanded without running 
the risk of a slipped disc or a 
hernia. But that is, perhaps, the 
point. For if you take away the 
surface impression of the pictures, 
and the relentless throbbing and 
shoving of the words, you are left 
with a residue that, even if it has 
no lasting effect on the readers, is 
unmistakably composed of a deep, 
inevitably aggressive, desire to 
degrade woman. Not women, let 
alone beautiful women or ugly 
ones, ready ones or reluctant ones, 
feminine ones or feminist ones, 
but the very essence and nature of 
womankind. I do not believe it is 
possible for a man, whether a 
detached intellectual, an homme 
moyen sensuei, a lecher or a 
moron, to read through this 
material and not feel immersed in 
the haired of the female sex that it 
exudes. A man may feel it, as 1 did, 
with horror, or with satisfaction, 
or with lust; but one who claims 

Paula Youans 

that it isn't there is deceiving 

The Labour Pa try's new 
Consumers’ Charter includes & 
promise to restrict or even ban 
advertising which relies on the 
"degrading" portrayal of women. 
You wouldn't think that even tire 
Labour Party could get something 
as wrong as that: the whole point 
of the advertisements that are 
denounced is precisely that they 
do not degrade women, they 
falsely and impossibly glamorize 
them. Women in advertisements 
are always beautiful, and they are 
seen lying in luxury on sunny 
beaches, or reclining on the bon 
nets of very expensive motor-cars, 
or sipping exciting drinks in the 
company of handsome and well 
dressed men, or sweeping into 
stately homes in beautiful gowns. I 
don't know whether the Labour 
Party’s promise is to be taken 
seriously (1 imagine not), but if 
they suppose that advertisers 
could use Miss Frances Morell to 
sell their products, they are greatly 

Now the Page Three girls are the 
same, mutatis mutandis, as the 
girls in the advertisements. So far 
from being portrayed as the 
degraded, infinitely exploitable, 
invariably available creatures of 
the pornographer, they are all 
romantic princesses, fairy crea- 
tures whom nobody has ever met 
in real life and who would crumble 
into powder ai a touch. Of course, 
those Members of Parliament 
(almost all Tories) who sniggered 
and winked and licked their lips 
and belched when Mrs Care Short 
introduced her Bill to ban Page 
Three are so many pigs, and 
displayed all the characteristic 
signs of the half-man who needs to 
convince himself of his sexual 
prowess because he fears that he 
cannot convince anybody else. 
But they did not prove that Mrs 
Short was right. 

And yet I have to admit that I 
am not certain she was wrong. I 
think she was. because the distinc- 
tion between the breasts on Page 
Three and those in Penthouse 
seems clear to me. There is a clue 
in the fact that (he Page Three 
ones, and the ones in the 
advertisements, frequently raise a 
smile — a happy smile, not a 
contemptuous one — in the men 
who look at them, and the girls 
themselves are portrayed smiling 
almost without exception.- Bin no 
one could raise any kind of smile 
in contemplating the pomo- 
grapher’s women, and in the 450 
pages of the stuff that I have 
waded through. I could find only 
two or three smiling faces among 
many hundreds. Pornography, it 
seems, is no laughing matter. 

But I do not know. I do not 
know what causes violence against 
women, contempt for women, 
indifference to the feelings or 
aspirations of women. I do know 
that the pornography I have so 
recently studied, whether it does 
harm or not, shames'our world, 
not for the explicitness of its 
sexual matter but for its attitude to . 
women. The need. for such rna- • 
terial betokens a desperate empti 
ness in the men who buy it, the . 
provision of it a no less desperate 
deadness of feeling in those who 
sell Such desperation, whatever it 
may issue in, cannot be healthy, 
cannot be on the side of life. 
Perhaps Blake was wrong; it is not 
the harlot's cry that will weave old 
England's winding-sheet, but the 
pornographer's. For my part, I can 
only conclude by saying that it will 
be a very long time before I can 
shake off the feeling that in 
examining those magazines I had 
peered into a sulphurous abyss, 
and it may be even longer before I 
can look at Page Three with the 
same eyes as before 2 did so. 

Sniping, oui; but a shoot-out, non 


“Cohabitation is the opposite of a 
Western: it is the first who draws 
who loses," Jean -Claude Gaudin, 
leader of the centre-right UDF 
party in the National Assembly, 
warned this week as the first 
strains appeared in what so far has 
been a remarkably harmonious 
period of coexistence between 
President Mitterrand and Jacques 
Chirac, the prime minister. 

The legitimist French do not 
like political unheavals. Many 
were greatly worried about France 
entering the uncharted waters of 
political cohabitation between a 
socialist president and a right- 
wing government after Chirac 
won the parliamentary elections 
on March 16. Their relief, and 
indeed gratitude, that the much- 
predicted crisis has not (yet) 
materialized has been translated 
into dramatic boosts in the 
popularity ratings of both 
Mitterrand and Chirac. 

The latest polls show that 
cohabitation is generally consid- 
ered a good thing, and an 
overwhelming majority of French- 
men now hope Mitterrand will 
remain In office until his seven- 
year mandate comes to a natural 
end in 1988. Both he and Chirac 
know that the man who is held 
responsible for bringing cohabita- 
tion to a premature end would not 
be thanked by the electorate. 

Anything as dramatic as a 
shoot-out may never happen. The 
game of politics, especially when 
played by someone as astute as 
Mitterrand, is a subtle one, 
involving finely-tuned tactical 
manoeuvres and carefully-placed 
tripwires in a constant attempt to 
wrong-foot your opponent 
Until now, there has been 
general surprise that the cohabita- 
tion experiment has been working 
so smoothly. 

Mitterrand knows how to bide 
his time, and for the moment he is 
simply waiting and watching, 
quietly putting down markers of 
his disapproval of certain govern- 
ment decisions, while not actively 
interfering with day-to-day busi- 
ness. He thus continues to benefit 
from the prestige of his office 

Diana Geddes assesses the growing strains 
of the Mitterrand-Chirac ‘cohabitation’ 

without bearing any opprobrium 
for the government's mistakes. 

During bis traditional 
“pilgrimage" to the top of the 
Sol utre rock in Burgundy on 
Ascension Sunday, Mitterrand 
claimed be bad no intention of 
conducting a "guerrilla war” 
against the government. But it is 
difficult to see how else his sniping 
at the government over the past 
few weeks could be viewed. 

He has expressed his opposition 
to a whole series of government 
plans, including privatization, eas- 
ing restrictions on redundancies, 
reducing autonomy for New 
Caledonia, and using decrees to 
determine new constituency 

Some right-wing MP5 have 
begun wondering out loud how 
much longer the president's snip- 
ing can be allowed to continue 
before it begins to do actual harm 
to the government. 

Pierre MessmeT, former Gaull- 
ist prime minister and now leader 
of the RPR group, called upon 
Mitterrand on Tuesday to inop 
playing a “double game"and to 
choose between the role of 
"umpire", which he had claimed 
to be the president's legitimate 
function, arid that of a "political 

The provocation Is not all 
onesided, however. Although 
Chirac appears to have been as 
scrupulous as Mitterrand in 
observing the letter of the 
constitution, he seems increas- 
ingly in danger of lese-majeste : of 
overetepping the line oefining the 
legitimate exercise of his prime 
ministerial powers and encroach- 
ing more and more openly into the 
field of foreign policy and defence. 

These are matters over which 
Mitterrand has admitted he does 
not have absolute power, but in 
which he nevertheless considers 
he has a right to take the lead. 

In that respect, the Tokyo 
economic summit was a minor 

victory for Mitterrand. Chirac had 
established his right to participate 
in decision-making on foreign 
policy by going to Tokyo. It was 
the first time Mitterrand had been 
accompanied by his prime min- 
ister at such a summit Yet 
Mitterrand emerged dearly as 
France's chief spokesman. 

Chirac will accompany the 
president again to the EEC sum- 
mit at The Hague next month, for 
example, though probably not on 
Mitterrand's more purely ceremo- 
nial visits to New York and 
Moscow in early July. 

Chirac appeared to go beyond 
what was constitutionally correct 
when be spoke ai length at a 
diplomatic press lunch in Paris 
last week, marking slight but 
significant shifts in the new 
government's policy on a whole 
'range of foreign policy issuesJess 
antagonism toward South Africa; 
closer relations with Iran and 
Syria; no aid for Nicaragua or 
Cuba; a return to greater emphasis 
on francophone Africa in France’s 
relations wiih the Third World. 

Some of those shifts may have 
been discussed and even agreed 
with Mitterrand, but it was Chirac 
who appeared to be (along the 

In this cohabitation war, the 
constitution provides Mitterrand 
with three potential weapons: foe 
power to dissolve parliament, to 
organize a referendum or to resign 
and call a presidential election. 

Mitterrand has himself dis- 
missed the first two as being 
ineffective at present. New par- 
liamentary elections would be by 
no means certain to restore the 
socialist majority that he lost in 
March; while a “yes" vote on a 
referendum on a popular issue 
such as reducing the presidential 
mandate to five years would not 
guarantee a victory for the social- 
ist presidential candidate. 

So there remains foe option of 
an early presidential election. As 

Mitterrand has pointed out, he 
alone can decide when and if that 
will be. Some political com- 
mentators are already talking of 
the late autumn as a possibility, 
when foe 1987 budget with its 
proposed cuts of 40 billion francs 
• (£3.7 billion) in government 
spending, will be under debate in 
parliament, and when foe new 
government will start being judged 
on what are not expected to be 
good economic results. 

After a period of relative indus- 
trial calm under foe socialists, 
with foe lowest number of days 
lost through strikes last year since 
1946, there are signs that foe 
unions are becoming restless. 

A pay freeze for public-sector 
employees, coupled with the lift- 
ing of controls on redundancies 
and the Chirac government's 
plans for privatization, have an- 
gered the unions. The hefty spend- 
ing cuts are sure to provoke a 
further outcry. So will plans to cut 
the real value of pensions. 

Economic forecasts predict a 
further 200,000 unemployed by 
foe end of foe year. Despite the fall 
in oil prices and the dollar, the 
trade deficit is expected to remain 
obstinately high, and there is no 
sign yet of foe promised pick-up in 
business confidence and invest- 

The government is now busy 
rushing through legislation in an 
attempt to build up a record of 
electoral promises respected, in 
case Mitterrand does decide to call 
a snap election. It is by no means 
certain he will want to do so. 

Shortly before foe elections, he 
told journalists: “The only thing 
that is certain in the coming two 
years is that I will be president of 
foe republic.” On another occa- 
sion, he expressed foe hope that 
one of foe great achievements of 
his presidency would be “foe 
establishment of a democracy 
sufficiently solid so that we can 
have a change of government 
without problems, as in Britain or 
Germany”. Perhaps an extended 
period of relatively peaceful co- 
habitation is foe only way to prove 
that is possible. 

Nothing to fear 
but fear itself 




i ’ 

Having been in Italy last weekend, 
trying not to look too Anglo-Saxon 
and observing the languid security 
arrangements at Rome airport 
with a nervous eye. I missed foe 
clips from the Prime Minister’s 
impassioned plea to the Ameri- 
cans to come and spend their 
money in Britain. 1 do not blame 
her for trying. The trouble is foaL I 
cannot believe her approach will 
have had the slightest effect she 
was pulling at foe wrong strings. 

People are very odd indeed 
about risk. Most normal, rational 
Americans, of whom we may 
assume there are proportionately 
(almost) as many as normal 
rational Europeans, know per- 
fectly well That it is more dan- 
gerous to venture on to foe Los 
Angeles Expressway or go round 
the corner for a newspaper in New 
York than it is to take a trip to Eu- 
rope this year. 

Large numbers of Americans 
continue to live close to nuclear 
power stations similar to foe one 
on Three Mile Island that nearly 
killed thousands a few years ago. 
or potentially lethal chemical 
plants owned and operated by the 
company that permitted foe Bho- 
pal disaster to occur. Yet even 
they presumably prefer to take the 
slight risk of staying at home 
rather than foe even slighter risk 
of going abroad. 

The reasons for this curious 
result include some rational fac- 
tors foal don't have anything to do 
with risk, notably foe sharp fall in 
the value of the dollar, but tbe 
main cause is the fact — common 
to all human beings, American. 
European and Hottentot — that 
we do not normally weigh up risks 
at alL but merely make an 
intuitive judgement based on how 
frightened we are. Fear is a 
product of the imagination. And 
foe things we fear most are those 
on which the imagination has 
most room to work — that is, 
those about which we know least. 

An event calculated to produce 
a really good attack of panic 
should have at least two and 
preferably all five of the following 
characteristics. It must be (a) 
recently shown to be possible; (b) 
sudden, dramatic and 'arbitrary, 
(c) remote from normal experi- 
ence; (d) mysterious in its causa- 
tion; and (e) personally calamitous 
if it comes about 
The reason why foe last motor- 
way pile-up we witnessed and foe 
(rationally) quite alarming road 
accident statistics do not keep us 
off foe road is that a car crash does 
not meet any of these conditions, 
except perhaps the first. We can 
hear in our mind’s ear the crunch • 
of bones but the imagination is 
soothed by several other thoughts. 
We think we know foe causes of 
motor smashes and believe (to-- 
some extent wrongly) that our 
own skill and care will always 
prevent it happening to us. We tell 
ourselves that even if there is 
trouble, it won’t be like an air 
crash; we can come out alive. 

Contrast this with the nuclear 
and terrorism scares. In the first 
we had a spectacular event io 

people thinking and consequences 
utterly strange ar.d science-fic- 
tional. A death?* "influence" that 
nobody can see and whose con- 
sequences are shrouded in mys- 
tery and ignorance steals darkly 
across the face of Europe. Who 
knows where it will stop or how* 
many generations may be poi- 

As for terrorism, the case is 
more complicated- For Europeans 
it is not exactly comfortable, but 
thev have seen it before and have 
had" time to assess the real risks at 
first hand The American imagina- 
tion. on the other hand having 
little or no experience to guide it, 
has transformed Europe into an 
alien and monstrous jungle in 
which every dark-skinned waiter 
may be a’ terrorist and every 
suitcase a bomb. 

This is a familiar phenomenon. 

In the 1 960s. for example. British 
sociologists found that fear and 
haired of coloured immigrants i‘ 
was often greatest in those parts of 
the country where no black had. or 
was likely to. set foot. Neverthe- 
less. it presents a deepseated 
problem that cannot be disposed 
of by a quick burst from Mrs 
Thatcher's laser and bland re- 
assurances from foe Central 
Electricity Generating Board. 

What else can they do. though? 
The force of this question is often 
overlooked, especially by the me- 
dia which have a vested interest in 
denouncing humbug and exposing 
“cover-ups”. The “authorities" in 
any crisis are quite often in the 
genuine dilemma that if they tell 
the whole truth to a public which 
is capable of being as daft as the 
Americans are now being, they 
wifi merely increase panic. 

The Ukrainian authorities were 
grossly negligent in not evacuating 
the immediate neighbourhood of 
Chernobyl for 48 hours after foe 
accident, but they are doubtless 
congratulating themselves for not 
having set off a mass exodus from 
Kiev by revealing the full extent of 
the danger straight away. 

The reality is that when such 
crises arise governments arc under 
enormous practical pressure to 
damp down the immediate 
conflagration by starving people's 
fears of fuel. Where they are much 
more at fault is in ducking the 
responsibility of taking the slow, 
long-term steps necessary to fill , 
foe knowledge vacuum with facts ; 
rather than fears. 

When they do so, as in the case 
of Aids, foe results are remarkable. 
-When they obfuscate over many 
. years, as foe CEGB has done, or 
fill up their people’s heads with 
self-servingjubbish as President 
Reagan has done over terrorism, 
they mast expect ihe responses 
foretold by Francis Bacon: "Men 
fear death as children fear to go in 
the dark: and as that natural fear 
in children is increased with tales, 
so is foe other". 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Sick as a parrot 
on the day, Brian 

.As World Cup excitement builds 
to a dizzying height of tension and 
excitement in foe soccer-mad 
nation that is modem Mexico 
(writes our Football Correspon- 
dent, Rene McGrit), astonishing 
news has just come through that 
93 per cent of foe world couldn't 
care less. Yes, 93 per cent of foe 
world's population is either starv- 
ing or just praying that foe World 
Cup will be over as soon as 
possible! As this goes entirely 
counter to what we have been 
taught to believe about football, I 
asked Portugal's Vice-Supremo, 
Alberto de Robzon, for his com- 

“I am not surprised. Brian," he 
told me. “Ninety-three per cem of 
my team is not interested either. 
All they want is more money and 
free seats for foe girlfriends. 
Frankly, I don’t think we have a 
chance unless we get 11 new 
players -or they get 11 new 
girlfriends. Or maybe the 
girlfriends will bring their own 
seats. We are most afraid of 

If 93 per cem of foe world 
couldn't care less about the World 
Cup, this certainly doesn't apply 
to the world's scientists (writes our 
Seismology Correspondent, 
George Rifr). 93 per cent of whom 
are convinced that a major earth- 
quake could happen in Mexico 
during foe World Cup, and very 
possibly actually during a match. I 
asked West German Vice- 
Supremo Erik von Robsohn how 
mnch he feared a disastrous quake 

“Nicht at all, Brian," he told 
me. “We have instructed our team 
that if a great chasm opens up 
during the game in the ground, 
and foe terraces fall, killing thou- 
sands. we must immediately play 
defensively, bringing E M. Vor- 
ster back on foe right and D. H. 
Lorenz back on foe left. Also, they 
are not to fall- into the holes. We 
fear nothing. Except maybe 

Luckily, if an earthquake does 
occur during a game, then all 
players will be out in foe open and 
it will only be foe crowd which is 
affected. But in the light of a recent 
poll showing that over 100 per 
cent of women in the world are 
sickened by the prospect of foe 
World Cup (continues onr Fashion 
Correspondent, DrnsUla Bouquet) 

I asked the wife of the Italian Vice^ 
Supremo, Anna Robsonioni, just 

how she evaluated the main 
teams, fashionwise. 

“Well. Brian carissima." she 
crooned. “I just love your English 
shins with the designer's name all 
over them - is it Mitsubishi, 
something like that? I adore foe 
simple, ankle-length robes of foe 
Moroccan team, so billowing and 
yet so cool in this terrific heaL 
Also 1 like foe bandoliers of the 
Bulgarian team and the underwear 
of the Canadians, with washing 
instructions in both French and 
English, and 1 am just crazy about v 
the shirts of the Russians which, if 
reversed, read. ‘Help, I wish to 
defect' — no, 1 am just joking! 
Only Scotland do I fear." 

Another point of interest for 
those who can’t stand football 
(writes onr Music Critic, Jeremy 
Quiff) is foe variety of records pul 
out by foe different cup squads. 
They range from Iraq’s fighting 
little 45, “We are Going to Grind 
Khomeini’s Face in foe Mud and 
Possibly Get id the Quarter-Finals 
As Well", to a caurhy linle number 
from Bulgaria. "All the Turkish 
Players in Our Team Have 
Changed Their Name Voluntarily, 
Thank You", i asked Luis 
Robison. Vice-Supremo of 
Argentina's much-fancied choral 
squad, to comment on other 
footballing chart hopefuls. 

“Well, Brian hombre." he mur- 
mured, "1 do not think we have 
much to fear from foe Germans’ 

‘Ra Ra Ra\ foe English 'Here We 
Go, Here We Go’, or indeed the 
Danish ‘Excuse Me. Please. Is 
This the Wav to MexicoT 1 am 
impressed by the thoughtful 
French ditty. ‘Si Tu m'Aimais 
V raiment, Tu Me Preterais Ta 
Television Pour la Duree de la 
Coupe Mondiale. Ah. Merci, 
Cherie’, but I find foe most 
fearsome threat in Scotland’s 
contribution. *Ah*m Goin' tae 
Walk All Over Ye Till Your Teeth 
Pop Out like Grape Pips'." 

And there’s plenty else to enjoy K 
here in Mexico, even if you don’t 
like football (concludes oar Sun- 
dries Expert, Roger Thesaurus). 

Did you know that in this very 
Catholic country, ail foe main 
stadium scoreboards are powered 
by more than 50,000 candles? And 
foal any member of foe English 
squad caught with a photograph of f 7 
Ian Botham is liable to instant 
dismissal? And did you know that 
everybody is afraid of the Scottish 
fans and nobody of the Scottish 



13 I f 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Lord Hailsham, the Lord 
Chancellor, is fond of drawing 
attention to his impeccable 
barristerial pedigree. He is 
justly proud of the generations 
ofHoggs who have practised at 
the Bar with distinction. That 
close association with one 
branch of the legal profession, 
however, does not necessarily 
make him the best judge of its 
achievements and its future. 

His address to the first 
annual conference of the Bar 
(can any other body have 
waited five centuries before its 
inaugural conclave?) con- 
tained a robust and passionate 
defense of its functions and 
practices, and of the existing 
division between banisters 
and solicitors. It was a valiant 
and combative speech, but it 
did not persuade that there is 
no need for change. 

At one level, that change is 
being sought by solicitors 
demanding greater rights of 
audience in the higher courts. 
But the question of who pleads 
in what courts masks a deeper 
issue, one which goes to the 
root of the historical separa- 
tion of the legal profession. 

The Bar’s argument, sup- 
ported by the Lord Chancellor, 
is that the public interest 
requires that there be a tier of 
lawyers who are specialists in 
advocacy or in a particular 
field of law, and who are 
independent and available 
(through solicitors) to all Only 
the existing structure, the argu- 
ment continues, provides that 
mixture of independence, 
competence and general 
availability. Banisters are pre- 
pared, at the limit, to concede 
that some of the trappings and 
traditions are not stnctly nec- 
essary; but they are adamant 
that the existing professional 
division must remain invio- 

The public has already de- 
tected one consequence of the 
present structure — that in 
many cases the costs of going 
to law are increased, and speed 
and efficiency decreased, by 

the need to employ two law- 
yers where one would do. The 
extent of the duplication is 
contested, but much could be 
done (and, to an extent, is 
already being done) to reduce 
it without any fundamental 
change to the separation of the 
professions — for instance, by 
not always requiring a solicitor 
to be present in court with the 
banister briefed, or by allow- 
ing a client to see his barrister 
in the absence of his solicitor. 

The main flaw in the argu- 
ment for the status quo is of a 
different nature. It is that, 
assuming that it is desirable to 
have specialist lawyers, the 
present structure does not 
necessarily provide that 

Consider the reality. Solic- 
itors and banisters take dif- 
ferent examinations and are 
subjected to different methods 
of professional training. The 
path to the Bar is neither more 
diffic ult nor more specific than 
that leading to the solicitor’s 
profession, yet upon qualifica- 
tion the barrister is deemed 
specialist The youngest, most 
inexperienced barrister is 
comadered a specialist ad- 
vocate and is granted the right 
to plead in all the courts of the 
land, though he may never 
have set root in one: The 
solicitor who has spent 20 
years fighting cases day after 
day in the lower courts is 
denied that privilege. More- 
over, experts in tax, trusts, 
planning, or the many other 
esoteric fields of law are just as 
likely to be found among 
solicitors as barristers. 

Law is the only profession 
which accords the tide of 
specialist to someone who may 
have done nothing to deserve 
or adkieve it. If a divided legal 
profession is to continue — and 
it should — the separation 
should be along coherent and 
efficient lines and not, as at 
present, the result of hap- 
hazard historical growth. 

There is no logical or logis- 
tical reason why a common 

education and training for all 
lawyers should not be in- 
troduced — most of the sub- 
jects covered by the two 
branches are the same anyway 
— following which those law- 
yers who wished to specialise 
could do so. They could 
achieve the status of specialist 
either by examination or by 
acquiring the necessary experi- 
ence over a number of years. It 
may be that a new professional 
body would need to be estab- 
- lished to approve entry into 
the specialist branch. 

Changes in that direction 
would not be revolutionary 
and could be gradual. The 
broad organisation of solic- 
itors and barristers could be 
retained, and there is no 
reason to believe that the 
independence and integrity of 
lawyers would be com- 
promised. Above all, the 
change would be in the in- 
terests of the efficiency of the 
legal system and of the public 
using iL 

The two branches have set 
up a joint committee which 
also includes lay repre- 
sentatives to look into the 
future of the legal profession. 
Initial instict was to see the 
new body as a cosmetic ex- 
ercise, designed to dem- 
onstrate to the outside world 
that lawyers were anxious to 
put their own house in order 
and required no outside inter- 
vention. That may be too 
cynical a judgement If the 
solicitors and banisters on the 
committee were to regard 
themselves not just as stout 
defenders of their own 
profession's interests, but as 
genuine seekers after what is 
best in the public interest, the 
committee's proposals could 
form the baas for the nec- 
essary reforms. As the recent 
and sodden loss of the 
solicitors* conveyancing 
monopoly showed, there are 
always people willing to im- 
pose change on the profession 
if it does not take the initiative 


The fen in ofi prices has halted, 
but the benefits have only just 
begun. On this the Organiza- 
tion for Economic Co-opera- 
tion and Development and the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
are in agreement — tafic of a 
downturn in economic activity 
is misplaced. Since they last 
reported six months ago* the 
economists at OECD have 
seen improvements in three 
areas; dollar oil prices have 
declined 40 percent; the dollar 
has fallen by a quarter from its 
overvalued heights; and in- 
terest rates have been coming 

The early effects have been 
almost entirely felt in lower 
inflation rates. In February 
and March, average consumer 
prices in the industrialized 
countries fell for the first time 
in 25 years. World inflation 
should settle at about 3 per 
cent Zero inflation, already 
achieved m Germany, is also 
exported in Japan, Switzerland 
and the Netherlands. 

But, as the Chancellor 
pointed out on Wednesday, 
the effects on output and 
employment will take a little 
longer. The pause in output 
growth, which has accompa- 
nied the collapse in oil prices, 
is an unfortunate coincidence 
confusing the picture. 

For - most. ' oil consuming 
countries, the oil price fell has 
resulted in the sharpest 
improvement in the terms of 
trade since the fifties. For 
Britain, an oil producing coun- 
try, changes in the price of 
exports and imports broadly 
cancel each other out Consid- 
erable benefits should none- 
theless occur because of lower 
inflat ion and improved world 
economic conditions. 

The world is emerging from 
the twin nightmares of over- 
valued oil and an overvalued 
dollar. Is there a danger, 
however, that the current 
favourable circumstances will 
distract attention from fun- 
damental problems? 

The United States, despite 
the dollar's fell, continues to 
suffer from a large trade 
deficit, which has its counter- 
part in surpluses elsewhere, 
notably Japan. Protectionist 
sentiment in Congress is there- 
fore likely to increase, particu- 
larly if the deficit widens this 
year.There are, broadly, two 
ways of removing this deficit. 
One is to push the dollar down 
further, notably against tire 
newly industrialized countries 
of the Far East A better 
solution is to achieve a more 
equal balance of growth be- 
tween the United States and 
the rest of the world. 

The OECD has no quarrel 
with the budgetary caution 
•adopted outside the United 
States. It certainly does not 
recommend Ametican-style 
budget deficits. But there is 
plenty of scope for other 
action, particularly in Europe. 

Europe has pressing un- 
employment problems and, 
even on the improved eco- 
nomic outlook, little short- 
term prospect of alleviating 
them. Labour markets need to 
be made to work more ef- 
ficiently, with complementary 
changes in policies on housing, 
taxation, regulation and cap- 
ital markets. Better economic 
conditions should be a spur to 
introduce such policy changes 
sooner rather than later. 

For Britain, more than any 
other member of the indus- 
trialized countries' club, this 
need is particularly great In 
every other country, growth in 
real labour costs has 
moderated. But the labour 
costs of each unit of Britain's 
output are rising by more than 
8 per cent a year — a pace 
which ensures a disastrous loss 
of competitiveness. If Britain's 
share in the improved world 
prospect turns out to be a 
minor one because of this, it 
will be a major national re- 


Falklanders who have cam- 
paigned against overfishing by 
foreign ships in tiro waters 
around their islands might 
conclude that, the Argentine 
navy has done more tha n , their 
own to scare them off But tiro 
Argentine sinking of a Tai- 
wanese trawler, involving loss 
of life and injury, can hardly 
have advanced rts country's 
claims to be responsible 
custodians of the South At- 

Mr George Fouflces, the 
Labour Party’s spokesman on 
foreign affairs, yesteitiay 
blamed the incident upon Mrs 
Thatcher’s intransigence over 
sovereignty and argued that it 
should persuade the British 
Government to reach a settle- 
ment with Buenos Aires: That 
is surely a strained argument. 
The Foreign Office statement, 
which strongly deplored the 
Argentine action, was nearer 
the mark and must have 
c o ncealed some Quiet satisfac- 
tion hi Whitehall. If Buenos 
Aires wants to win friends and 
influence people, -it must 
recognise that . there are better 
ways than this. . 

With 100 fishing boats in the 

area last year— including those 
from Spain, South Korea and 
the Soviet Union — one must 
acknowledge that there is a real 
problem. A Foreign Office 
survey last November in- 
dicated that at least one of the 
region's main species, tiro blue 
whiting, was being seriously 
over-fished. Yet an exclusive 
fishing zone as demanded by 
the Falklanders would be ex- 
tremely difficult to police. 
Portsmouth is 8,000 miles 
away, and tiro Ministry of 
Defence anxious to reduce the 
British presence around the 
islands rather than expand it 
Argentina has responded to 
this vacuum by seizing Polish 
and Japanese fishing boats. It 
had given warning before this 
latest incident that it was 
about to take still tougher 
action against miscreants. The 
. sinking of the Taiwanese boat, 
deplorable though it is, might 
at least prod those responsible 
into moving more swiftly to- 
wards a fisheries agreement 
Britain, has .inoeed been 
trying to secure a multilateral 
Achin g agreement in the South 
. Atlantic under the- auspices of 
the Food and Agriculture 

Organization (FAO). Under 
such an agreement, tiro fishing 
fleets would effectively police 
themselves, particularly if 
neighbouring countries is 
South America, with their 
navies dose at hand, could be 
persuaded to join. Accord- 
ingly, the Foreign' Office last 
Autumn welcomed the recog- 
nition by Buenos Aires that tiro 
FAO has a part to play in 
finding a solution. 

Argentina's concern about 
overfishing arises from its 
claim to sovereignty over the 
jRafldands: Buenos Aires ar- 
gues that, if it were not for the 
150-mile protection zone 
around tiro islands, Argentine 
gunboats would be able to 
patrol the area more effec- 
tively. This latest action will 
therefore be seen ason attempt 
by Argentina to keep the issue, 
in people’s minds. 

If so, it went badly wrong. At 
a time when Argentina's gov- 
ernment is presenting itself as 
full of sense and sweet 
reasonableness, such precip- 
itate use of force can only 
remind eveiyo>ne of General 


Setting curbs on 
arms exports 

From the Director of Amnesty 

Sir, We read with interest your 
leader of May 14, advocating the 
control of arms exports. 

If safeguards in this country 
were effective, British military. 

training could not contribute to 
human rights violations in other 
countries. We would then not be 
confronted as we have been in tiro 
past by photographs ot, for exam- 
ple, British armoured cats used in 
internal security operations in 
countries such as Indonesia or 
South Africa, where widespread 
human rights abuses have been 

A frightening array of military 
and police equipment is regularly 
exhibited to representatives from 
countries which include many 
where torture is routine and 
murder by government not infre- 
quent Which of them are actually 
buying the equipment and how are 
they using it? The answers remain 
hidden while HMG refuses to 
divulge the information needed 
for Parliament to exercise proper 
control over these exports. 

A new law is needed. It should 
provide for all military, security 
ami police exports to be pubtidy 
disclosed in advance, and for 
regular reports to be issued on the 
human rights situation in receiv- 
ing countries. 

The law should prohibit the 
transfer to other countries of 
military, security and police 
equipment and training, where 
these can reasonably be assumed 
tO OOntribnte to hnman rights 
violations such as torture and 
political killings by government. 
Yours faithfully, 

Amnesty int e rn a ** ftn|> l 
5 Roberts Place, 

Bowling Green Lane, EC1. 

Students in USSR 

From Dr LA. Hughes 

Sir, Christopher Walker (report, 

smdteats' n wfto* S returned to the 
USSR last Saturday after tiro 
interr up tion of their studies in 
Kiev are “noted for strong left- 
wing sympathies'*. 

I cannot speak for the whole of 
the group, but I can confirm that 
the three students who returned 
from this university did so for the 
simple reason that they wish to 
improve their Russian and learn 
more about a country which they 
had studied fiom afar for several 
year*- Students of other European' 
lan giingpg generally take a period 
of study abroad ffr granted. 

. Might 1 add that m 12yearsof 
university traching I have found 
left-wing sympathies, even the 
mildest, to be one of the most 
infrequent motives for students 
taking degrees in Russian. Those 
who are alarmed by such ten- 
dencies should seek them else- 
where m om universities. 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Reading, 
Department of Russian, 

PO Box 218, Reading, Berkshire. 
May 27. 

Cornish heritage 

From Mr R. F. Edward-CoBins 
Sir, Mr ScrpelTs letter (May 22) 
ignores the tacts about Cornwall's 
heritage and industry. Mining, 
which was based on copper, not 
tin, collapsed in the 19th century. 
Fishing is a seasonal occupation, 
while agriculture, through postwar 
mechanisation, lost 10,000 work- 
ers, half its labour force. Cornish 
tourism, firmly established at the 
turn of the century, doubled its 
labour force to 20,000 workers 
after the last war. 

Cornwall County Council's fig- 
ures for the gross value of our 
various industries in 1983 show 
£14m for fishing, £35m for min- 
ing, £2 30m for an over-priced 
agriculture and £250ro for a highly 
competitive tourist industry. 
Yours faithfully, 


Federation of Cornwall Hotels 
and Tourism Associations, 

Tourist Information Centre, 
Newquay, Cornwall. 

Paper chase 

From the Chief Executive of the 
Direct Mail Services Standards 

Sir, It would indeed appear that 
Mr Kinnock stands in need of a 
new direct mail copywriter. But I 
confess I am at a loss to under- 
stand Mr Talbot's outburst of 
spleen in your columns (May 20). 

Direct mail advertising is no 
more "junk” than advertising in 
newspapers, on television, radio, 
posters or cinema screens. If one 
objects (as does, ironically; a 
substantial segment of Mr 
Kinnock's party) to co m merc ia l 
advertising as a matter of prin- 
ciple, that is one tiring. But to 
single out a particular advertising 
medium for abase is childish. 

As for Mr Talbot's indignation 
that anyone should dare to tell Mr 
KinnockthatheshopsatTesco, or 
once bowlUL a three-piece suite 
fiom the Times Furnishing Com- 
pany or whatever — what on earth 
is he on about? ft. is not self- 
evident that information of this 
kind is, or needs to be, confiden- 
tial, and it is at least arguable that 
it “belongs" as much to Tesco or 
Times Furnishing as it does to Mr 
Talbot And in any case, who is 

hurt, and why all tiro fuss? 

Yours faithfully, 


Chief Executive, 

Direct Mail Services Standards 


92 New Cavendish Street, WL 
May 23. 

World conscience and the big ran 

From Mr Phillip Oppertham. MP 
for Amber Valley (Conservative) 
Sir, The Indian subcontinent has a 
population of around a billion 
which it not only feeds, but also 
produces a surplus, some of which 
has been sent as food aid to Africa. 
Africa, with a population half that 
of India and something like six 
times the land mass, cries out for 
more Western aid to feed its 

So what is the difference? It is 
certainly not climatic, for India is 
generally more arid than Africa. It 
is, as Professor Ayiitey said in his 
excellent article (May 27), gov- 

India has long encouraged its 
peasants to fulfill their food 
producing role by offering stable, 
guaranteed prices. Conversely, 
many African regimes have made 
an enemy of the peasant, fre- 
quently forcing him to sell his 
produce at low costs to inefficient 
State marketing boards. This may 
have appeased the urban classes 
and paid for over-ambitious 
industrial projects, but it hasn't 
been very good for food produc- 

Even where agriculture has 
merited attention, this has tended 
to be in the form of grandiose and 
mismanaged prestige projects. Or 
worse, land has been confiscated 
and the “kulaks” have been forced 
on to collective farms, Soviet style 
— and with similar consequences. 

Set against this background, last 
Sunday’s events may ease a few 
consciences and will undoubtedly 
save some lives in the short term. 
But in the longer term, Africa’s 
salvation lies exactly where it has 
done for the past 20 years — in its 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons, 

May 28. 

From the Reverend Michael New- 

Sir, In the wake of the impressive 
Sport Aid appeal for the Third 
World children, and the wonder- 
ful response to it by young people, 
it is important to look at some of. 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Professor J. H. Edwards 
Sr, Your correspondence col- 
umns seem to me to reveal a 
widespread confusion between the 
effects of small and large doses of 
radiation and provide a habitat for 
both wild assertions and un- 
necessary anxieties. 

Even a single atomic event can 
damage a small part of a single cell 
which may ultimately lead to a 
cancer years later or may disable 
.one or more descendants. Any 
small dose leads to an additional 
risk which is proportional to dose; 
such effects can be predicted but 

. Large doses cause cell death, 
especially of rapidly dividing cells, 
including those of the brain before 
birth and cells which line the gut 
or patrol the Wood after birth. 
Such damage is only produced by 
doses several hundredfold our 
annual dose from natural sources. 

It is dear that there has been no 
high-dose exposure from 
Chernobyl outside the USSR, and 
the Director of the National 
Radiological Protection Board, for 
.from being criticised for lack of 
appreciation of a. report. of the 
International Commission on 
Radiological Protection, referred 
to in these columns as “the bible” 
(Mr B. R. Hookway, May 14) 
should be congratulated for hav- 
ing put this accident into local 
perspective by advising campers 
in the mountains of Wales or 
Scotland not to drink rainwater 
unless unduly thirsty. This is not 

Professional status 

From Mr R. J. Firth 
Sir, Your report on Mr Justice 
Scott's verdict (May 24) in which 
he “said that teachers were pro- 
fessionals with professional 
obligations which included obey- 
ing requests to cover for absent 
colleagues” prompts one to ask 
what the criteria of a “profession" 

Teachers are being asked to 
fulfil the obligations of pro- 
fessionals but I doubt if they have 
the control of the nature and 
conditions of their work that other 
professionals enjoy. 

Costa del solecism 

From Mr Ian M. Leslie 
Sir, You alluded recently (report. 
May 15) to King Juan Carlos's 
speech to the European Par- 
liament as “setting the seal on 
Spain’s accession to the EEC". I 
can report that our village of 
Tintagel has made its own gesture 
of welcome in the shape of a sign 
“Beer Patio” displayed by a local 

Yours sincerely, 



TrcviUett, Tintagel Cornwall. 

For ‘them’ read his’? 

From Mr Neil A Fisk 
Sir, How about bringing The 
Times another small step towards 
the 21st century, ahead of all your 
competitors? I suggest a change of 
style for reported speech. 

Under “Parliament”, subhead 
“Redundancies”, on May 22 you 
reported one of Mr Hud 
Channon’s opening sentences as 
follows: “He said the crisis in the 
shipbuilding industry had been 
with them since the mid-1970s.” 
This was perfect reported speech 
as taught to me at grammar school 
about 62 years ago. But in “them” 
Mr Channon was not referring 
specifically to his colleagues in the 

Neither was he alluding to the 
whole Conservative' Party nor to 

the dangers that face sections of 
our own UK children with equal 
inevitability. Though they do not 
face famine an increasing number 
of them face a bitter home life of 
acrimony and separation, plus the 
destructive effects of unemploy- 
ment, crime, drugs and alcohol 

In the Third World medical 
science and public awareness are 
gradually improving the lives of 
the young. In the UK the lot of 
children declines in the accelerat- 
ing division between the advan- 
taged and the disadvantaged. 

Sport Aid concluded their ap- 
peal by slating that, whatever they 
had accomplished voluntarily, if it 
were not corroborated politically 
in Third World countries and in 
the West, then their efforts would 
largely be wasted. Their senti- 
ments mirror my own as I see the 
lack of political will in this country 
to eradicate the poverty trap 
which pins down so many power- 
less families. 

Are we to continue to limp 
towards a society in which a 
growing number of children will 
foil to thrive? Perhaps our own 
children need a Bob Geldof too, 
but as Prime Minister. 

Yours faithfully, 


Vice Principal - 
National Children's Home, 

85 Highbury Park, N5. 

May 28. 

From Mr Miles Hudson 
Sir, Am 1 alone in worrying about 
the ethics of harnessing such 
massive good will to a project 
which may help the donors in a 
variety of ways, but which will 
probably do more harm than good 
to the recipients? 

There is much talk of a new UN 
initiative. If the UN is to take 
action, surely it should try to insist 
that politicians in Africa learn a 
few basic economic lessons and 
apply them? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Priors Farm, 


Nr Basingstoke, Hampshire. 

May 27. 

inconsistent with his expectation 
of tens of cases of cancer. 

The number of cancers is based 
on data so far limited to two small 
bombs, a few accidents, some side- 
effects of therapy and observa- 
tions on mice. Tens of cases of 
cancer, and similar numbers of 
inherited disorders within the next 
few centuries, are consistent with 
what little is known. 

Children conceived before the 
accident cannot, themselves, be at 
increased risk of inherited disease, 
or, with such low doses, of 
congenital malformations or small 

* Fortunately, while knowledge is 
so limited the USSR is well 
equipped to evaluate the genetic 
effects of Chernobyl through a 
structured organisation m medical 

Communication of risk is also 
confounded by many units 
measuring radiation and a recent 
change in nomenclature. 

It would be helpful to define a 
unit of annual background expo- 
sure. in terms of round numbers of 
standard units (such as one 
millisi evert per year), so that 
reports retain some footing in the 
vernacular. In the last century the 
problem of describing energy in 
rough but meaningful terms was 
resolved by defining “horse- 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Oxford, 

Genetics Laboratory, 

Department of Biochemistry, 
South Parks Road, Oxford. 

The judge's phrase “obeying 
requests” nicely exposes the wide- 
spread confusion over the 
teachers’ position. Either teachers 
respond as professionals to re- 
quests or they obey commands as 
workers. How they behave partly 
derides their status, but bow they 
are treated is equally important- i 

ige’s remarks 
the position. 

wonder if the jr 
have really clan fie 
Yours faithfully, 
School House, 
May 24. 

Vicarage stakes 

From the Rev W. H. V. Elliott 
Sir, The Vicar of Exning may be 
correct in believing his church to 
be the first to have its own 
racehorse (report. May 24). Per- 
haps however the parish of St 
Peter, Oadby, in Leicestershire 
goes one better in having its 
incumbent presented by the 
Leicester Racecourse who are 
patrons of the living. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Vicarage, 

Angel Lane, Mere, Wiltshire. 

those of them present on that 
occasion, nor to the whole House 
of Commons. He was not even 
speaking, directly, for the ship- 
yards. He must have said . . 
been with us since ...” and to have 
wished us to understand by that, 
every British citizen — us. 

Could you not alter the style for 
reported speech to this extent, and 
in a similar context print “He said 
the crisis . . . had been with us 
since the mid-1970s.”? 1 believe 
you would be supported in that by 
the great majority of the teachers 
of English in secondary schools 
and universities today. I challenge 
you to ask them! 



5 Grange Court, 

Pinner, Middlesex. 

May 24. 

MAY 30 1849 

The Supply Estimates have often 
provided material for a leading 
article in The Times and ge nerally 
it would be of an admonitory 
nature. It was a pleasurable 
surprise to find the one below 
dealing with a portentous subject 
in such a light-hearted fashion. 




We have just received Sir 
account'* for the Civil Service 
1849-50. Bilk are never pleasant 
things. Weekly bills are bad 
enough; monthly bills still worse; 
hot nnmm] bills must always 
remain purely detestable. It seems 
to savour of extortion when we are 
compelled to part with capital fora 
past consideration — clothes that 
have been worn, for example; wine 
that has been drunk: horses whose 
knees we have broken long since. 
The CHANCELLOR of the 
EXCHEQUER’S MB is partly Off 
this nature, and partly it is a cl aim 
for routine services of a very useful, 
but most prosaic ^description, to be 
performed within the course of the 
current twelve months. 

The sum total of the account is 
just 3.025,7311^ . . . 

We wish by any ingenuity we 
could squeeze into the space to 
which we are necessarily confined a 
general idea of the items spread 
over nnw ample Parliamentary 
papers. We can but give a few 
specimens, taken at ra nd om, and 
recommend the documents to our 
readers as pleasant reading for a 
summer’s day. There are half-a- 
dozen facts in every page that 
would prove provocative of discus- 
sion. We t ake the first head of 
Public Buildings. Buckingham 
Palace this year is to cost us 
14,522/1.; for the new Houses of 
Parliament 109,900/. is set down 
(in 1847 there was paid under this 
head 150,000/.; in 1848, 120,0004) 
The Harbours of Refuge are deb- 
ited with 141,5001; in 1847, with 
140,0001; in 184a with 131,000/. 
The Palm-house at Kew is fortu- 
nately completed. For the deans- 
ing of drains, and for the 
protection of Windsor Castle from 
fire, we are charged with 10,0004 It 
is stated that “the only supply of 
water at present is that contained 
in the iron cisterns on the roofs of 
the Castle, which supply is at 
present not only very limited in 
quantity, but is totally unavailable 
during frost” What all the thou- 
sands expended on Windsor Castle 
can have been applied for when so 
essential a requisite was unprovid- 
ed we are not Informed. The total 
cost of the works at Buckingham 
Palace, “including” — this comes 
with lie fall twang of an architect's 
bill— “new east front to the Palace, 
cleaning out and re-arranging 
rooms in south wing, alterations in 
the north wing; new kitchens and 
other offices, with ball-room over, 
decorations and painting, taking 
down the marble arch, alterations 
of drains &C-," is to cost 150,0001, 
as per estimate. Of this sum 
100,0001. has already been paid; 
50,0001 remains. This year it is 
proposed to pay 14.200L The 
National Gallery figures for the 
very modest sum of 5051. Mainte- 
nance of Royal Pavilion at Brigh- 
ton, ti& brought to sale. 2001 — 
moderate enough. The supply of 
water to the fountains at Trafalgar 
Square, 4981.; this, on the contrary, 
considering the service performed, 
strikes us as most exorbitant Why 
pay ever so little to create a 
deformity? Although the charge is 
included in Paper IV, we trill here, 
for the public satisfaction, record 
the fact that we find a debit of 
2,8001 “for completing and fixing 
in their respective panels four 
ALTI-RELIEV1, now in progress, 
for the decoration of the pedestal of 
the column in Trafalgar square to 
the memory of Lord NELSON.” 
We greatly fear the credit is 

The British Ambassador’s house 
at Constantinople is to be rebuilt, 
and we are to pay for it 12,0001. We 
are very happy to conclude our 
extracts fay adding that the British 
nation is to subscribe 69£ 15s. "for 
a gold chronometer, presented to 
Captain LISBOA, of the Brazilian 
steam-frigate Alfonso, in testimo- 
ny of his humane ami praiseworthy 
exertions in rescuing British Sub- 
jects from the burning wreck of the 
emigrant-fillip Ocean Monarch.” 
We only trust the best chronome- 
ter that money could purchase has 
been presented to Captain 

Our purpose in wmViwp these 
rambling extracts will have been 
answered if we can induce others to 
take up these papers and read for 
themselves. One man knows of an 
abuse here, and another of another 
there. It is only by combining our 
knowledge we can hope to grapple 
to any purpose, with such a vast 
assemblage 'of facta. Meanwhile we 
can give a very strong assurance 
that the “papers” will be found foil 
of interest and amusement — if of 
nothing rise. 

A vintage ran 

From Mr Peter Minchinton 
Sir, I may have the solution for 16 
Christopher Riley's supermarket 
trolley dilemma (May 23). 

I suggest a large (E20) packet of 
washing powder placed at the 
front of the trolley. Not only will 
this move the centre of gravity 
forward, it places more weight 
over the from wheels and there- 
fore gives greater directional 
stability. This should enable him 
to make runs of 20 yards or more, 
even at peak shopping hours. 

Yours faithfully. 


Rose Couage, 

Millers Close. 

Finedon, Northamptonshire. 

May 23. 

dL But 
3s left 
>p and 
Ip after 
ng by 
ler fi$- 
& a 38 
i and a 
me on 
□mb at 
d Rdf* 
3 3p. 

iOp to 
.tat the 
ined 8p 
L New- 
a quiet ' 
rice of it 

is were 
t 49p. 
'strad- . 
ed 7p 

“j *1 re 

ting at 


rod Oil 
r-7 pear ^ 

23 M» 

46 4-2 nd 

3-3 .4 





2 .hi; 

)C rating — , 
interest _ ; 
ofit was — i 
was 781 

4VEST- — ! 

the six . 
he divi- 

5 I0-8p 

n £000, 
16,740 — 
rods — _ 

O) and — 
(1,6101 *« » 
on was I 
on ex- " 

5) and 




court and social j e ^j s h art in high demand 


May 29: His Excellency Senhor 
v. Mario Gibson-Barboza and So- 
. ‘phora Gibson-Barboza were re- 
.ceived in farewell audience by 

* Jbe Queen this morning and 
' 'look leave upon His Excellency 

'relinquishing his appointment 
**Ss Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary from Brazil 
’to the Court of Si James's. 

His Excellency Mr George 

• • Pove-Edwin was received, in 
■^audience by The Queen and 
presented the Letters of Recall 
>*f his predecessor and bis own 

' Letters of Commission as High 
Commissioner for tbe Federal 
Republic of Nigeria in London. 

, His Excellency was accompa- 
T»ied by the following members 
j>*of the High Commission, who 
^had the honour of being pre- 
sented to Her Majesty: 

Mrs F A Ukonga (Minister Coun- 
sellor'. Mrs N irw*HWa-Any*nwii 
( Minis! er Counsellor l. Mr A O Asturu 
'jMlntster Counsellor). Mr O 
Akm&anya (Ml rimer Counsellor). 
Colonel O Dverls (Defence Adviser). 
Mr C Omote < Information AtueMX 
Mr D Aimed (Acting Oenuty mgh 
mmtsstcmer tEdmouranu and Mr 1 
Han-Bald iCounsenort 

- Mrs Dose- Ed win bad the 
- honour of being received by Tbe 
^ Queen. 

' Sir Antony Acland (Perma- 
■>pent Under Secretary of State 
i- for Foreign and Commonwealth 
.^Affairs) who had tbe honour of 
/» being received by Her Majesty 
was present, and tbe Gentlemen 
' ■of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr D W Partridge was re- 
-..eeived in audience by The 
■y. Queen upon his appointment as 
-jBrhish High Commissioner to 
’the Republic of Sierra Leone. 

.• ' Major-General Christopher 
',;Airy bad the honour of being 
. . received by Her Majesty upon 
' * his appointment as Major Gen- 
‘ era! Commanding the House- 
hold Division. 

The Queen this evening vis- 

ited an Exhibition in the Public 
Record Office in Chancery 
Lane, and afterwards attended a 
Reception at the Royal Courts 
of Justice to marie the ninth 
centenary of Domesday Book. 

Her Majesty was received by 
the Lord Mayor of Westminster 
(Councillor Mrs Terence 
Mall in son), the Lord Chancellor 
(the Lord Hailsham of St 

Corps of Signals at the 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole and 
Lciutenam-Colonel Peter Gibbs 
were in attendance. 

May 29: Queen Elizabeth Tbe 
Queen Mother today honoured 
the President (Sir Edward How- 
ard, Bt) and members of the 
City of London Sheriffs' Society 

By Hbos Maflalien 

A sale of Jewish books, mann- Yesterday morning in Lon- 
scripts and works of art held in don Cfaristitfs offend Conti- 
New York by Sotheby’s on nental fu r ni t u r e and also 
Wednesday produced a total of autographed tetters and docu- 
$1,623345, or £1,064320, ments, and literary 

Marylebone) and the Keeper of with her presence at luncheon at 
the Public Records (Dr Geoffrey Saddlers' Hafl. 


Before the Reception the Lord 
Chancellor presented to The 

8 ueen a facsimile copy of Great 
omesday and the Master of tbe 
Worshipful Company of Scriv- 
eners (Mr John Brooke Little) 
presented to Her Majesty a copy 
of the new History of the 

Miss Jane Walker-Okeover 
and Major Sir Ralph 
Anstruther, Bt were in 


May 29: The Prince of Wales, 

Colonel -in-Chief, The Royal 
Australian Armoured Corps, 
this morning at Kensington 
Palace received Major-General 

with 15 pa- cent bought in. 

There was strong bidding 
from Jewish institutions and 
congregations around the 
world, and a paitiailarly satis- 
fying result was the $148,500, 
or £97377, paid by the Jewish 
Museum of Frankfurt for an 
Enmmnated Hagaddah, dated 


The furniture made a total 
of £234^65 with 29 per cent 
bought in, and the manu- 
scripts £106,196 with 30 per 
cent bought in, largely ac- 
counted for by the failure at 
£28,000 of 27 illustrated note- 
books by die nineteenth-centD- 

1731, by tbe scribe Jacob ben 

mate $100,000 to 8200,000). 

The mast expensive item, at 
$209300, or £137349, was a 
Hebrew manuscript on vellum 

A pair of South German 
walnut and fraitwood marque-, 
try commodes of the late 

Qfastrated with drawings of eighteenth-century sold to a 
animals by a Bohemian scribe, private bidder at £15420, 

Lady Abel Smith. Mr Robert j 0 j, n MacDonald upon 
Fdlowes and Major Hugh Lrnd- relinquishing fa* appointment 

sa ti ver ^L n ane f d 5 nce - as Honorary CotoneL 

The Pnnce Andrew. Pairon. ^ WaIes 

tius evening attended a Recep- ^ London Docklands at the 
UOD in aid of die Jubilee S^ing Roya i Docks. El 6 and the Isle of 
Trust at the Fishmongers H alt . Dogs. E14. 

London EC4. Sir John Riddell. Bt was in 

MeshnUam Zehnei, 1721 (es- 
timate $50,000 to $75,000). 
There was also an auction 

gainst an estimate of between 
1300 and £12,000. 

It might be assumed that the 

His Royal Highness was re- auen dance. 
reived by tbe Pnme Warden of j^nce and Princess of 

J* Worshipful Company of wales. Duke and Duchess of 
Fishmongers (the Duke of Nor- Cornwall, this afternoon opened 
folk) and the Chairman of the die Shaftesburv Society Hnu«in« 

Trust (Mr Francis Cator). 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The ^ r5 ^ Iar ^ Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 

Phdhps. Prudent of the Royd Anderson were in attendance. 
Ifetb and West and Southern His Royal Highness, Presi- 
Coumies ^ety, today at- dent . The PrET Trusu 
tended the Seamy s Annual accompanied fay Her Royal 
Show Showground ’ Highness, this evening attended 

Shepion MalleL a chanty film premiere of Lady 

Her Royal Highness was re- Jane at the Empire Theatre, 
reived by Her Majesty's Lord- Leicester Square in aid of The 
Lieutenant for Somerset Prince's Trust and the News- 

ceived by Her Majesty s Lora- Leicester Square tn aid of T1 
Lieutenant for Somerset Prince’s Trust and the New 
(Lieutenant-Colonel Walter papers Press Fund. 

Lutirell) and the Honorary Mrs George West and 
Show Director (Mr R Drewett). Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
In the evening The Princess Anderson were in attendance. 

Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips, Colo- 

nei-in-Chief, Royal Corps of _ .... „ _ 

Signals, attended a Reception The Marchioness of Read 
and afterwards attended Beating gave birth to a son in Glouces 
Retreat by the Band of the Ro>al ° n May 26- 

Sir John Riddell. Bt was in to $75300). 


The Prince and Princess of 
Wales. Duke and Duchess of LuilCheOIl 
Cornwall, this afternoon opened _ 

the Shaftesbury Society Housing Management Consultants 
Complex and Disabled Activity Association 
Centre in Keonington. SEl 1. Mr John Lidstone, Chairman, 
Miss Alexandra Loyd and and council members of tbe 
Lieutenant-Colonel Brian Management Consultants 
Vnderson were in attendance. Association, were hosts at a 
His Royal Highness, Presi- luncheon given for Sir Peter 
lent. The Prince's Trust. Thompson. Chairman of tbe 
iccompanied by Her Royal National Freight Consortium at 

the Cavalry and Guards Club on , 
May 29. 1986. 


London School of Economics 
’“fj 1 ' 1 ’X" * “*“*• and Political Science 

Indcraon id dddddance. 

and Political Science, and Dr 

The Marchioness of Reading LG. Patel, director of tbe school. 

record price of $712500, or kebab was a very recent: 
£46385, for a silver Sabbath invader of tbe Engfisb kitchen, 
lamp. This was Dutch and bnt that is not tbe case. In the 
dated 1786 (estimate $50,000 manuscript safe there was a 

gave birth to a son in Gloucester I were hosts at a di nn er held last 

on May 26. 


? marriages 

* Jvir PJ. Arnett 
-'/and Miss JJVI. ADen 
~* The engagement is announced 
' between PauL son of Mr and 

-■ •Mrs R.L Arnm of Bouny- Mr Moo „ of ^ Ave[lu< . 

mouth, Dorset, and JilL daugh- raij Mtnw . c.iflhiv 
- aer of Mr and Mrs N.S.D. Allen, ff . . 
r«-of Buriey, Hampshire. Mr JJ. Hams 

VMt D-AX. Best ^ Mrs CStepfonl 

>and Miss SX. Humphrey Ef enga^ment is announced 

;:|'.?“&S 1T D.L nl> rs, 0f! S r f 

. ' Doddington, Kent, and Sarah. of Moor Park Road - Pelham. 

Mr O.T. Graven 
and Miss R. E. Moon 
The engagement is announced 
between Oliver, second son of 

Mr R.W. Sharp 
and Miss VJXM. Staveacre 
The engagement is announced 
between Rhoderick, eldest son 

Mr and Mrs D.W. Graved, of of Mr and Mrs A.E. Sharp, of 
Great Barnetts, Leigh, Kent, and Penh and Victoria, daughter of 
Rosemary, second daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Edward 
the late Mr J.R. Moon and of Staveacre, of Btrxton. 

elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
'• R.D. Humphrey, of Beaisted, 
~ Kent. 

//for T. Clarke 
and Dr S. F. Haigb 
-Tbeengagem ent is announced 
-'between Timothy, son of Mr 
-^nd Mrs David Clarice,' of 
Radyr, South Glamorgan.- Quid 
... Fiona, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
...Alan Haigb, oflde HilLKent. 

Mr A J>. FitzGerald 
v and Miss J.H.F. MOto- 
' -The engagement is announced 
.^-between Anthony, only son of 
’•/Mr and Mrs Desmond Fiiz- 
> Gerald, of Querns House, 
-Cirencester, and Janine, eldest 
'daughter of Mr and Mrs A.R. 
./.Miller, of Badgers Hollow, 

of Moor Park Road, Fulham. 

Mr M.R. Kenyon 
and Miss GJ. Henderson 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Richard, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs O. Kenyon, 
of 6 The Avenue. 
Knaresborough, North York- 
shire. and Catherine Joanna, 
only daughter of Dr J.E. 
Henderson, of Boornbrook 
House, Chobham. Surrey, and 
Mrs AJ- Henderson, of Robin 
Hill Cottage, Pinner, Middlesex. 
Mr D.M. McGown 
and Miss LDS. Collier 

Mr AJL Stock 
and Miss LAT. Gibb 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, son of Mr and 
Mrs Clifford Stock, of Axmin- 
ster. Devonshire, and Lindsay, 
eider daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Charles Gibb, of Jordans, 

Mr J.M. Wilson 
and Miss J.LA. Metcalf 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Clifford Wilson, of 
Stockport, Merseyside, and Jo- 
anna. youngest daughter of Dr 
and Mrs James MetcalL of 
Wimbledon, SW19. 


The engagement 
between Donald. 

son of Dr and 

Mr J. A. Lofts 
and Miss A. H. Nowak 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, May 17, 1986, at St 
Luke's Church, Pinner, of Mr 

Mrs Frank McGown, of John Anthony Lofts, son of Mr 

Stondon Massey, Essex, and 
Lisa, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Colin Noble, of Dunmurry, Co 
Antrim. Northern Ireland. 

Robert Lofts and Mrs Lofts, and 
Miss Anne Hilda Nowak, eldest 
daughter of Mr Stanislaw No- 
wak and Mrs Nowak. 

night for honorary fellows. Lord 
Scarman and Professor LJL 
Leigh also spoke. 

Royal Stmt Society 
The Duke of St Albans. Gov- 
ernor-Genera] of tbe Royal Stu- 
an Society, presided at the 
diamond jubilee dinner hdd last 

night at the Caledonian Club. 

Broderers’ Company 
The Lord Mayor and the Sher- 
iffs were entertained at a livery 
dinner by tbe Master of the 
Broderers’ Company, Mr An- 
thony Beeley, assisted by the 
Warden, Mr Eric Hannam, mid 
the Renter Warden, Major Ger- 
ald Charrington. held at 
Mercers* Hall yesterday. The 
speakers were the Master, tbe 
Lord Mayor, the Warden and 
Lord Gibson-Watt. Among tbe 
guests present were Mr Robin 
Leigh-Pemberton and General 
Sir Hugh Beach. 

Birthdays today 

Professor W.H.F. Barnes, 77; 
Lieutenant-General Sir Alexan- 
der Cameron 88; Mr W.P. 
Cl eland, 74; Mr Ray Cooney, 
54; Professor G.LAJD. Draper, 
72; Sir Hywel Evans, 66; Mr 
Max Fisher, 64; Lord Gardiner, 
CH, 86; Mr Benny Goodman, 
77; Air Marshal Sir Reginald 
Harland, 66; Mr A.R. Moore, 
68; Mr Rowland Sanders, 90; 
Mr Julian Symons, 74; Mr Bob 
Willis. 37; Lord Zuckennan, 
OM, 82. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 1 tea + 15$ VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Announcement!, aoihemkaied by tbe 
name and permanent address of tbe 
^sender, may be sent 10 : 

P0 BOX 444 
Virginia Street 
London El 

■ or telephoned (by icfcvbonc subs- 
.erbers only) ur BM8I 2C4 

Aimouncemcnis can be received by 
• telephone between “3.00am and 
5 JOpm Monday io Friday, on Sauan- 
day between “3.00am and 12 noon. 
(B1-4S1 MOB (Mr). For publication (he 
i following day phone by I JOpm. 


etc on Court and Social Page IS a Baa 
I.+ IK VAT. 

Cowl and Social Page announce- 
ments can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries toe 6t-t22 8953 
(after IQJOam). or send la 
1. ~ ' ,-| SM Union Et. 

WHO Mb directed (tie Sptam M 
Da LORO, or bring lm counsel- 
tor mm laugh! turn? 

Eulah 40: 13 


; Bilinww - On 26Ui May. to Helen 

* (nee Carter) and Andrew, a son. 
.■ Frederick Nlcbolas. a brother for 
t Cbaries. 

a BARROW On 26Ui May to Helen (n£e 
.- Carter) and Andrew, a son. 

* 'Frederick Nicholas, a brother for 
‘ -.'Qra rtes. 

* JlCTT On 19Di May 1966 to Asya (n«e 

* a^Chortey) and Hugh, a son Oliver. 

, *£EaLCtmflEyonMay22itf roMon- 
*»'ja Me Graham} and Claud a 
, * 4laii8hier. Hannah SegoMne. a sister 
„ - .for RacbeL 

.-dJEEVELV On May Sth bt Rosalind 
/ -and . David a daughter. OUvta 
jg* fiosamund Florence, a sister for 

* .Adam and Matthew. 

■> JDAVISON On llUi May In Tokyo to 
V^riKnsane inAe Lauritsen) and Andrew, 
son Nicholas. 

AiEDWAIIOS On May 22nd to Undsey 
Xo^nic Batty e) and Rory a son. Alexan- 
'♦•Jler James. 

;*^pSBS On May 29th at St. 

* Banhotomews HosHtal to Sarah a 
, son. Charles Geoffrey. 

- OUUMM On May 27lh to Sandra Uiee 
i r -Fa Kan and Andrew, a daughter, a 

■ . . sister fbr Naiasha and Emma. 

1 HJUKAM - On 28th May at Bwy St 

* Edmunds, to Andrew and Josephine 
■* (mi Etms) a daughter. Lama 

* Joanne. 

} lUTES On May 27. at Hang : 

; Kong, to Lucy and David a third son. 
j Henry Marshall Butler. 

■ LABE On May ism. 1986 io Jack and 

* Christine at St. Mary's HospOaL 
1 Manchester a daughter. Chart ode. 

L AWP AL E on May 27th to SdUa and 
Brian a son. - 

- LMCOUMSORDON On 25th May at 
!- Chkfaester lo Fiona (nee Laurie) and 
/* - Jotmy a son. Luden David. 

. .-flACLEOD-SMfTH (hi- May 27th In 
Auckland. NjrepSandle and Geoff a 
t son. brother for Victoria. 
i -MARSHALL on 22nd May to Para mm 
t J ames a da ughter. Gemma Lauratae. 

* IKWBCRKV - On 260l May, to Jam 

Me Warn and PaL a son. John 
Alfred Lanceiyn. a brother for Nick. . 
ij- 0 ®*®®* Oto May 28th to Catherine 
and Simon a daughMr. 

Mai aae. 

1986. at St Thomas' London lo Hele- 
na and Peter, a wonderful son. 
Tatwj n David Surtees. 

PHONY On 26th May to Meredyth and 
William a daughter. Frances Rose 

RAIMER On May 22nd to Pamela 
(tide Hatgiand Medley in South Afri- 
ca. a son. Nicolas, brother to Naiasha 
and Adrian. 

HEADWG On May 26lh to MeUnda 
and Simon, a son Julian. 
RKHAKDMN On May 28th at The 
Rosie. Cambridge to Clare Me 
Moon) and Mark, a daughter. Anna. 
RUSSELL- on May 22nd at Queen ■ 
Charlotte's Hospital, to Jane 
Showering and Alan, a son. Herbert 

SWBEY On May 28th to Rosemary 
i nee Fcxj and Michael, a son. An- 
drew David, a brother to Robert. 
TAPLEY - On 2SUi May 1986. to Su- 
zanne uiee ferson) and NlgeL a 
daughter Alexandra. 
TAYLOR-tSHCRWOOO on 23rd April 
1986 to Alannah and Keith, a girt 
Jessica Michelle. We wish for her a 
long heal thy and happy life. 
THUNDER On May 23rd lo Elizabeth 
and Michael, a daughter. Eugenie 
Hope Marina, a sister for Alice. 


AMSWORTH On May 24th peacefully 
at home. Manor Farm House. 
BrlfnehL Cirencester. Norman John 
M.C.. S-D-S.. LR-C.P- M.R.CS.. In 
his 92nd year. Service at BrifDeld 
Church at 2.00 p.m. on June Sth. 
followed by cremation at Swindon. 
Family flowers only please. Memori- 
al Service later. 

ARMSON On May 28th Beatrice Do- 
reen. aged 78 years, daughter of the 
tale Doctor and Mrs CJ. Arrwon of 
YoxaU. loved and loving sister of the 
iaie Marjorie. foHowtng a lifetime of 
devotion and service . Funeral Ser- 
vice on Wednesday June 4th tn St. 
Peter's Parish Church. YoxaU at 
2.00 pm. Welling® 0283 63655. 
ASTAIRE Nadine adored wife of 
Jarvis, beloved mother of Brace and 
John Hyman, beloved daughter of 
Rosette Balsam and staler of 
Jacqueline Kertez. On 27th May 
after a short (fleess, 

I **ARD On May 19th. 1986. John 
Hanstey, lale of Carlow. Ireland, at 
the Royal Free HovtlaL Hampstead, 
after a short Illness. He wtu always 
be remembered with deep affection 
by an his family- 

■EU. On May 27Ui peacefully in 
Momlngton. Australia. Heather Me 
Ramsey i formerly of West Wittering. 
Sussex. Loving mother of David. 

NRYOn Suddenly on May 27th 1986. 

beiovM husband 
«d Kirsty of CraigowaR. Bailinhdg. 
Perthshire. lather of Patricia. John 
and James and loving brother of 
Ma y. Fun eral at Perth crematorium 
on Friday May 30th at 2JSO pm. 
Family Rowers only phsse. 

BROWNE On Thursday. 29th May 
1986 mast peacefully Reverend Pro- 
fessor Lawrence Edward Browne. 

D O. Mhacd dearly by his family and 
hto many friends. The Funeral Ser- 
vice will be held in the church of tiia 
old parish. All Saints. Highbrook. Nr 
Haywards Heath, Susex at Uo tun 
on Wednesday. 4th June. Flowers to 
Masters and Son. Lindfieid. 

OYRTE Tragically in a motor aeddon 
on Monday. 26th May. Annabel 
Harriet Ella aged 4fc years, deeply 
loved younger dau^ifer of Jonathan 
and Phiillppa. stater to CUm3la and 
twin sister lo James. The Funeral 
Sendee is lo be held at the Parish 
Church of St- Mara. Streaney at 2JX> 
pm today- Friday. 50th May- F&miiy 
(lowers only please, but donattons 
may be sent to Smalley Church 
Sunday School FUnd. e/oThe \bsa- 
age. Soeatley. BerSaddre. Please 
pray for (he full recovery of Camilla. 

BRUXNER4UND ALL On May 29th at 
Pau. France. Rri^dier James Gerald 
C8E. late Royal Writ* Fusilier*, 
aged 96 yrs. Beloved husband of 
Dap hne. 

CRISP On May 26th. Muriel May 
‘Diana*, of Ryan. BridporL widow of 
Majors. Searie Crisp. 

ELUOT On 27th May 1986 at home 
Southwell. Nora. John 8h*oe. aged 
82 years. Funeral service on Monday 
2nd June at Holy Trinity Church. 
Southwell at 2pm. Family Rowers 
only. Donations, if desired, lo Chil- 
drens Society, c/o The Treasurer. 7 
HopkU n Lane. Southwell. Notts. 
FARRINGTON - On 24th May 1986. 
peacefully In an Eastbourne. Sussex 
nursing home. Vera Dorothy. Pri- 
vate cremation at Eastbourne 
Crematorium on Friday 6th June at 
12 noon. Family flowers only. Please 
no lette rs. 

FITZGERALD David J. on May 27th 
peacefully at Oxford, aged 76. Late 
of Dublin and Freeport. Bahamas. 
Much loved husband of Nancy, fa- 
ther and grandfather. Funeral at 
Oxford. May 30th. RJP. 

HALL On May 23rd. HaroM of Virgin- 
ia Water. Surrey, passed away 
unexpectedly at age 61 . much loved 
husband of Patricia and lather of 
Laura and Andrea. Sorely missed by 
his f amity and Us many friends all 
around the world. Cremation at St 
Johns Crematorium. Woking. Surrey 
al ll am on Saturday. May 3ist and 
as per Ms instructions, a spectacular 
wake at The B el v edere after the ser- 
vice. Flowers to F Harrison A Sons. 
40 Harvest Rd. EntfeOeM Green. 
Egham Surrey. Tel: 0784 32163. 
HOLMES On May 27th. Hugo John, 
beloved son of Sue Goodhew and the 
late Rodney Holmes. Dearly loved 
brother of Andy and stepson of Gor- 
don Goodhew. Funeral at St Michael 
and All Angels Church. Stuuungftfl] 
on Thursday June sth. at 12.00 
noon. Mease, no letters or flowers, 
donations If desired to “Stable 
FaraUy Home Trust". Btateroe. 
Ringwood. Hank. 

WOOD PHH LIP S On May 25th. Trin- 
ity Sunday, ai The Queen Elizabeth 
HospttaL Birmingham. Owen Hood- 
PhUiips Q.C- Emeritus Barber 
Professor of Jurispradoxe, Univer- 
sity of Birmingham. Deeply loved 
husband of Lucy and devoted Uncle 
and friend. Funeral at St- George's 
Church. Edg na a s on. Wednesday 
June 4th at 2-00 pm. Family Dowen 

lE LU M Gladys Me Sears) peacefully 
on May 23rd. Much loved mother of 
Jacqueline and iw mandchiidren. 
Funeral at ADington Church. North- 
ampton on June 2nd at 11.15 am. 
FUrolly flowers only. Please give gen- 
erously to Age Concern, cunonvtne. 
Northampton. Lady Mayer would 
like to thank St. Matthew's Ho&ttaL 
Northampton, for all their kindness 
to her mother and herarif and the 
Sears family over a period of nearly 
60 years. 

JOSEPH On May 27th. suddenly at 
home. Row. aged 82 years, widow of 
Vidor Joseph, beloved mother of 
Rex. Ian and Hugh, and devoted 
grandmother. Funeral service took 
place at United Synagogue 
Cemetery. Pound Lane. WUesden. 
on Wednesday taaL No fetters by 

LOWE On May 28tb Sfr Frauds Lowe 
Bt_ of 9 Bath Read. Cowes, isle at 
WighL aged 58. Dearly loved son. 
husband and father. Funeral at Holy 
Trinity. Cowes, on Sth June at 2.00 
pm. Family Oowen only. Donations 
to Melanoma Re s ear c h I&CA.R.F.) 
Ftenshay Hospital. Bristol BS16 

MACFEI1BD8E On May 26& m hospi- 
tal after a long Utnes -borne with 
great courage. Evelyn- dearly loved 
Wife of Lt-Gol CUT. MacFetridge. 
late Royal ArOUera- C r e ma tion pri- 
vate, family only, no flowers- 
mends welcome to Service of 
Thanksgiving for her life at ah 
S ouls' Church, Sooth Ascot. 3.48 pm 
on Jim® 13th. 

OWAMNT Rory Michael UnguanL 
aged 9 days, beloved firstborn of 
Fergus and Jane, on 28th May at 
Guys HospttaL God Bless Him. 
RBPATH On May 26th tn her 82nd 
year peacefully in hospital. Betty 
wife of the lale Claude RfeUaih. 
Much loved by Michael. Andrew and 
thrtr families. Funeral private. 
ROBERTS On 2601 May. 1986. peace- 
fully In Buenos Aires. Robm Roberts, 
husband of Erika Longer and father 
o f Erica . 

ROGERS On May 27th peacefully at 
home. Isabel Minnie RrieX widow ot 
Ralph Rogers, of Burgh Heath. 
Surrey- Funeral on Monday June 
2nd. at 11.30 am at Randalls Park. 
Cremsdoriion. Leatherhead. 

ROSS on May 28th. peacefully in Jo- 
hannesburg. Joan, widow of Donald 
(Cofcey) Ro*. and beloved mother of 
Timmy Baker. Jhn and Jock. 
SNMEOn May 27th 1 986. suddenly tn 
her beloved garden. Daphne aged 78. 
widow of colonel WQUara Stone. 
O-B E. of Eoglemere Lodge. Ascot 
Vera special Mummy of Nina. WU- 
dam and Anna and lovely Granny 
(080 of Alexander. SopMa. Dtnny 
and Catherine. She bad spent the 
previous day happily surrounded by 
at) her family and she wfl] be enor- 
mously missed by ad who knew and 
loved her. Funeral Service on Mon- 
day. 2nd Jane at AO Saints. Ascot at 
2-00 pm. AD enquiries please to 
Lines. Bannister & Co_ Ascot. 
SPURLBKZ The Hon. Str A. Dudley 
Spurting. K.T.. CAE.. JJ>.. ot 3 
CWmoras. SL Georges. Bermuda. 
Born 9 November. 1913, passed 
away 20 May. 1986. Sintnd by Ms 
wife. Marion T. Spurting, three chO- 
drai. Richard. Michael and Aim. Ove 
grandchildren and two staters. Edna 
and Catherine. R etired senior part- 
ner of Appleby. Sporting and Kempe. 
Bermuda Par Oa rnent 33 years • re- 
tired 1976 and speaker at House of 
Assembly 1972-1976. 

TATA On 24th May. to Bombay. 
Darab R D Tab. aged 74. son of Mr 
R D Tab and mucb loved brother oi 
Mr J R D Tab and Mrs Rodabeh 

THOMA9-* On May 28th Mowing a 
short Uiness. Alan Ewart Thomas, 
much loved husband of Evefyn and 
father of Michael. Funeral service al 
the Church of St. Mara Magdalene. 
Eardtaiey. H e re f ord shire, on Tues- 
day 3rd June at 2.15 pm. fallowed 
by cremation at Hereford Crematori- 
um at 3.30. Donations to Cancer 
Research may be sent to D. Stephens 
Funeral Dir e c tors . Tbe Gangs. Clif- 
ford. Herefordshire. 

TOMCMSON Banahy John, tatfeato 
in a rood acddenL May 2stb. 
Dearest husband of Rosita. beloved 
son of John and Barbara, loving 
brother of Claudia and Matthew. Fa- 
neral private, no flown pl ea se . 
Thanksgiving service at AS Souls. 
Langbara Place on June lOm at 6 

WOOD - Sr Kenneth MDlns BA FCA. 
an May 27th peacefully to his 77th 
year, alter a short Hines*. Beloved 
husband of Lady Julia, father of 
Susan and grandfather to Mark and 
paid. Cremation private, memorial 
service al St James* Church. 
Barfcham. Near Wokingham, on 
Wednesday dth June at 11.00 am. 
No flowers by request. Donations if 
desired to McMillan. C a n cer Fund. 
C/O David Greedy.' The House oi 
&ace. Dukes Ride. Crowttarae. 
Berks. ROll 60S. Teh (0344) 


C OU WB in emriaving memory ot 
Anthony who (tied tragically an May 
300x. 1984 aged 21 yean. Cum tit 
tenrtxis vta laboret. 

HARMWAN Diane. Rome. 30th Ma> 

• 1967. **So many moons have passed 
away, but always you are In our 
hearts.” Mummy. Daddy. Elaine and 

seven teentb-centnry cookery 

Service reception 

37 (Wessex and Welsh) Signal 
Regiment (V) 

Princess Anne, CoIond-in-Otief 
of the Royal Corps of Signals, 
was present at tbe annual cock- 
tail party given by 37 (Wessex 
and Welsh) Signal Regiment (V) 
at tbe Royal Bath and West 
Showground. Shepton Mallet, 
yesterday. Lieutenant- Colonel 
MJC- Carson, Commanding 
Officer, received tbe gnests who 
included the Lords Lieutenant 
of Avon and Somerset, the 
Master of Signals and the Signal 

Service dinners 

Southampton University Aft 

Southampton University Air 
Squadron held its annual dinner 
at A and AEE Boscombe Down 
yesterday. Squadron Leader 
GA Forbes, commanding offi- 
cer. was in the chair. Aft- 
Marshal Sir Michael Armitage. 

Abingdon School 

The following scholarship dec- 
lions have bom made for 1986: 

Foundation Major SchounMpa: KDP 
dark CBto-wtHjj-y School /Abtogdon 
School); R J Murdoch (Moutsford 
Preparatory): J G Richards (Dragon 

Foundation ExtriMtiooK A Bailey <Sl 
Hugh's): J Z E Martdei (Combe 
School /Abtuodon School); R D A 
Paterson. (Pbewood) 

Music Scholarship: T Mansion (New 
College School). 

Mustc Exhibitions: S J Duck (Chilton 
School /Abingdon School): R A Ohs 
(Dragon School): J P Hostona (Ftr 
Tree School. Wallingford /Abingdon 
School); P A B page CS Andrew* 
School. Pangbourner^ GD G Roods 
fNorth Hlnkiey School /-AMnodon 
School): A D Tread wen (New OoUege 

book with eighteenth andnine- 
teentb-cestiiry additions, 
which contained . directions 
“To Kebob a Lojnof Mutton". 
This useful book, which also 
i rM«l recipes for “Plaque 
Water", “Green Bean 
Pudding” and. “A water for ye 
Renhmatism from 

Wansworth", ' soW ftn* £238 
(estimate £200 to £300). 

At Boahanft furniture sale, 
a rosewood Binary table by 

Richard Goodman, which was 
commissioned as a memorial 
to tbe explorer Captain Cook, 
sold for £57,200 against an 
wrtimte of between £7,000 to 
£10,000. It was commissiB&ed 
other by Cook’s widow or his 
nephew who sailed with him 
os the Resolution 

An autographed manuscript 
of 36 pen and ink dotwings 
each with three-line limerick 
captions by Edward Lear for 
bis Book Of Nonsense made 
£47.520 (estimate £25,000 to 
£304)00) at Christie's yester- 

Air Member for Supply and 
Or ganisati on, was the guest of 
honour. Among others present 

31st (Greater London) Signal 
Regiment (V) 

Major-General • Sir Roy 
Redgrave, Honorary Colonel. 
Lieutenant-Colonel C.P. 
S ten mng. Commanding Officer, 
and the Squadron Commanders 
of the 31st (Greater London) 
Signal Regiment (Y) last night 
entertained at dinner at the 
Regimental Headquarters. 
Hammersmith, the mayors of 
the London borongbs of 
Hammersmith and Fulham. 
Harrow, Kensington and Chel- 
sea, and Wandsworth, the 
Chairman of the TA&VRA for 
Greater London, and the Master 
of the Innholders' Company. 
Major P/D. Whittle presided. 


Experimental research 
in solid state physics 

Professor Ifor Austin, pro- 
fessor of physics » the Urn- 
versity of Sheffield, has died 
after a short illness. He was ST* 
He graduated from Christs 
College, Cambridge, in .1949 
and, after a period of na tion al 
service in the RAF and a two- 

year appointment in the phys- 
ics department of Guy’s 
Hospital Medical School 
joined tbe staff of the GEC 
Research Laboratories. 

There, his lifetonK interest 
in semiconductors and 
speciorscopy developed. In 
1960 he went as a senior 
research fdlowtotheNarioiial 
Physical Laboratory where he 
extended his sen n c o ndactor 
studies to ultra high pr es su re s. 

From 1962 until- his death 
he was a member of the 
Sheffield Uoiversity Physks 
Department, being elected to a 
personal chair in 1981. 

Austin was an experimental 
physicist with an abifity to 
i den tify important new prob- 
lems and materials in solid 
state physics. _ 

His interest in atomic disor- 
der and the breakdown of tong 
range order is evident even in 
his postgraduate thesis, and 
was to become the doimnant 
theme of his later work. . 

He was also concerned wfch 
the applications of physics, as 
shown m his strobes of the' 
thermoelectric .properties of 
semiconductors during his 
formative period at GEC, ami 
in .his e nduring , interest in 
medical physics: 

Through ins studies of the 
properties of transition metal 
oxides al Sheffield, be became 
interested in mechanisms of 
electrical conduction and the 

nrwtal-mKiilaTnr francrtirm 

Tbe km mobility mfeh 
conference he organized, in 
1966 was the precursor to a 
sots of internationa l coh fer- 
ences on aroorphoBsand 
trid semiconductors. 

U brought together many o f 
those who would tarcr become 
weS knows in tbr ftetd of 
amorphous solids. Onc of 
jfaese was Sr NtwilJ Mou, 
Nobel Prize winner of l979 r 
with whom Austin pu bti^e da : 
^aper os AC conduct a 

Th» contained whto is now 
known as the Austin- Mon 
formula, and 10 yetos feta* 
was recognized as one of the 
most died pub lic a ti o ns in Hs 

In foe eariy 1970s ^ tris inter* 
est led to ffie formation of an 
amoipbons semiconductor 
group at Sbeffidd, which mod 
optira! technignes so under. 
5 te»d better the electnmic 
p r op e rtie s of glass e s , particu- 
larly the prototypical chatav 
geaides - and— -the 
technologically importozu 
a m or ph ous sffioon. 

■ These studies clarified tbe 
rote of disorder and of defects 
in amorphous materials, and 
have co n t rib ut e d strongly to 
the recent radical damps of 
emphasis insofid state physics 
from hmgxosbart range onier. 

study of the^ properties of 
amotphons munilaym, with 
theft matemade -coder un- 
posed upon tnan-ma^ disor- 
der. It wiQ be a Suing 
c ea dusa oa to bis lifelong so- 
entific inieresaa. 

- He is survived by Ks: wife, 
Aileen. a son axl a dangler. 

■ i* .£■ ., « 

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Junior Sctioal. TDetimL RwBngl 
Minor Ext ito itio n x J A Krctote CTtw 
Oratory SctuwD: D G D Pnra CAB 
Hallows. Staeptou MaHetK D AG 
Watson (West Hiti Park. TUctUMd). 

Art and Design Exhibitions: P 

Crutchlow (Danes Held School. 
Med menham/ Abingdon School): J H 
Lock (St Edmond’s Scbool. 
Abingdon /AUngOon School). 

Bryanston School * 

Awards have been made to tbe 
following (in alphabetical 

Junior AradmUr: Marts Brewtn 
Regis. Dorset): AJirson Crl 

(HlgbfleJd. Hampshire); Mlmn 
Jaraix (St John’s College School. 
Cambridge): Aitatatr Kenyon (Tbe - 
Downs, wraxall): Robin Luckbam 
(Vamdean High ScbooL Brighton); 
Elizabeth Moody-Szuart (Wlodfestaun 
House. Sussex): Enuna Poulsen 

(Sherborne Preparatory. Dorset); 
James Wood* (WEmmbuh House. 

Junior Murtc Helen ABison (Wessex 
Tutors. Winchester): James 

Carrington (Salisbury Cathedral 
School. WUtatiire): Nett Davies <Si 
Osmund's Middle School. Dorchester): 
Bridget O’Driscoll (Beech Hod. 

Bridget O ’Driscoll (Beech HolL 

Jumor Art. R ebecca CraA (Dretstua 
Court. Hampshire): Joanne waters 
(davesmore Preparatory- Dorset). 
Richard Hunter Memo rid Award: 
Nicholas Lind (Castle Court. Dorset). 
Sixth Form: Sarah Adams (Dr 
fhafloner-s High school): Usa Brown- 
ing (St ManTs Convent. Shaftesbury); 
Raymond Hampton (Flickers Acad- 
emy): Apricot Hutoe (Oxford High 

The Oratory School 

The following awards have been 

Major Scholarship CmusK* DAL 
Sewefl (WestrainstB- Cathedral Choir 

Norfolk Scholarship; C A Ellis (The 
Oratory Preparatory school). 

Norfolk Scholarship (music): M D 
Ptildngton (Tbe Oratory SchooD, 
Scholarships (music): T j Hoboes 
(Westminster Cathedral C2»otr School): 
B E Weston (The Oratory School). 
Motor EtoUMtion: BAR Sydney 
(Hazelwood. UrapsSeMl- 
Exhlbitlons: J w M Baogti 
(Beachborough. Westbury. North- 
amptonshireh j F Domene (The 
Oratory Prep arat ory School). 
Ex hibiti on (music): F W Sbeoherd 
(Westminster Cathedral Choir School). 
Exh i bition (maibemattcs): J □ James 
(The Oratory School). 

Exhibition (Junior House): A P 
k'oreywo (Westwood Farm County 

Repton School 

The following scholarships for 
1986 are announced: 


Motor Scholarships: A D Gordon 
(ReMon and Repton Preparatory 
School): T E Bacon (Repton and 
Btrkdale School. ShefllfMOT D Hall 
(Arnold Lodge- Leamington Spah M R 
Lltttewood fRtpton Preparatory 

Minor SrtwtanMpa: R M Choudbury 
iRepcon Preparatory School): A f 
Beoven (Wcstoourae School. Shcf 

ExhtoWens: D J Kirtw fPrestftdde 
SchooL ShrewstHnyK P C Ptcfcard 
rvartet HafL Staftordk A A Bafl 
(Region and Smallwood Manor): D J 
C Walker iRriHon Preparatory 
Scbooh: AD Das (Repton Preparatory 
School K M J BuBock (Repton Prepara- 
tory School): S J Retail (Repton 
-Preparatory School): P C Robtnson 
rweBtngboroogh School). 

Music: . • 

Scholarships: D J KLrhy _ 

School; Shrewsbury); M C BUtflClMn 
(Blrkdaia SchooL Sheffield): R C 

Hadwen (Repton Preparatory School) 
Exhibitions G J Baopott OJchSeld 
caihedrai School): N c Cobb ( Repton 
Preparatory School): p Armenler 
(Hotmwood House. Lejciteuh S Sndtb 
(Repton Preparatory School). 


Scholarship:^ P Martin (Repton 
Preparatory SefiooO. 

Exhibition: N D MHb (Repton Prepara- 
tory Scbool). 

Winchester College 

Roll of Scholars and Ex- 
hibition ere. 1986 

B J Fender. Motor Scholarship (Weft 
Downs. Winchester); R D Blight 
CSaodford Middle School. SandfortL 
Worehara. Dorset); R J vaUai (Weft 
Downs. Winchester): A N L Dawes 
(Wbicbefter Cot to g e wd Outwtcti 
School London. 
CDofwich College 

E W Crowe (Dulwich C ollege Prepara- 
tory SchooL London SE21); A W 
Mactay (Horxta Hm. NewOwy): T R 
Ewing (Downsend Scbool. 
Leatherhead): P B O’Neal (West 
Downs. Winchester): 

(Winchester College and King's 
School. Breton Junior .School. 

John Bubbles, the father of 
rhythm tap-dancing who went 
from vaudeville to beco me 
Geoige Gershwin’s choice as 
the original Sportin' Life in 
Porgy and Bess, died on May 
18, aged 84. 

Bom John William Sublet!, 
on February 19, 1902, in 
LotnsviHe. Kentucky, be and 
his partner, Ford Lee Wash- 
ington, as “Bach and 

ed sound. He also slowed the 
frenetic tap tempo so the 
audience could hear tbe nu- 
ances of the steps. 

Bobbies stinted out as a 
smapr at the age of seven and 
added dance to his repertoire 
when Ins. voice changed. He 
met Washington in a bowling 
alley . and fanned , the "Buck 
and Bobbies" tap act 

In an agr when blades could 

Macks to May at Radio City tioas on trams or m good 
Music Haft. Bubbles was also hotels, the pair wore burnt 
the first Mack to appear on cork on their feces and coy- 
Johnny Carson's The Tonight, ered their hands so the audi- 
Show. ence would think they were 

He invented the r hy t hm tap ~ Mack and white minstrels, 
dancing that is now the norm. Hie show was a success and 
Bnt his non-traditional style the teenage pair moved to 
was -laughed -out ■ of the New York in September, 
Hoofer’s Gob in Harlem, 19 19. Just three weeks after 
where tbe dancers said be was Maying at the Columbia Thc- 
“hurtm’ the floor” by coming ace, they were booked at the 
down off his toes and adding Palace, eventually playing on 
the heels to make a syncopal- Broadway. 


A correspondent writes: ' 
The recent death of Mo- 
hammed Ahmed Abu Sinn 
has robbed Sedan of a fine 
patriot and this country of one 
whose affection for things 
British and his British friends, 
never wavered. 


R HOI . 


Tl _ „ . L _ j Moor 

SchooL Fleet KaropftUir): O M G 
Brown (LDverftoa Victoria . High 
SchooL Diversion. Cumbria); J S 
Jervis (Westminster Under SchooL 
London Swi) R H Manners (Wells 

Wells): ■ J K-L. Lo 
iwenwMer under School. London, 
swi n ■ D A Hoidsworth (Homs hhl 
N ewbury) and • J R O Henderson 
iBeinaven hhl Dunbar. East LoiMati). 
■ Exhibliton awards. 

Malory Exhibitions: M J Beattie 
iHamtxe School Hazubtek P H B 
Davies CAmety Ktil SchooL AltotOr J 
m Heaky (Hesery Beaufort School 

ir^aiii mi 










al ^jporntment thereafter, all 
bore witness to his transparent 
straightforwardness and good 
humour which made him an 
acceptable intermediary on 
many fronts. 

When President Nimeiri 
abolished the formal powers 

* * ■ i • • . 



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15 23 



For all who saw TradtsmnOes 
The Hardest Trade in the 

World the sight of a fall ri 
IStb-ceniury merchant ship 
dipping through the tropics 
wQl. no longer insp i re pare 
feelings of tnuMpdlity and 
yenramg Cor more romantic 

Until the 1920s, . 
ships left the ports of 
Wales loaded with coal for the 
steam ships of Sooth 
America's west coast They 
crossed the Adamic between 
dismal landfalls In Azores 
and the Falkland Islands, then 
made a perilous journey 
around Cape Horn to arrive at 
the Fernrian port of CaHao. 
The return cargo of 

as fertilizer, was so profitable 

that one ship-owning family nf 
Methodists ia Menai built a 
succession of mansions over- 
- looking the Straits and died 

H flltaamirwc, 

Very few photographs or 
films exist to bear witness to 
the grim shuttle; instead, less 
dramatic do cuments s®M the 
story. The Lloyds list attested 
to the suumal loss of over 1,000 
ships; a captain's log detailed 
a nightmare crossing in which 
the cargo of coal ought fire 
and die rodder split; in Callao, 
seamen deserted en masse and 
captains paid a boanty of $30 a 
head for replacement sailors 
who were kbbuqpl nr the 
port’s bars ami brotfrels- 

One of the most impressive 
records of the dangers of the 
voyage, was a simple map upon 
which one captain's couse 
round the Cape was plotted. 
His chronometer was faulty, 
and in consequence he sailed 
nmnd in circles for 99 days. 

The programme provided 
the background to Britain's 
colonization of the Falkland 
Islands, and to the British 
influence in the port of Callao 
where a tiny expatriot commu- 
nity still exists. The Peruvians 
were described as savage op- 
pressors who i mp orted slave 
labour from China to dig the 
guano off the rocky islands 
where it was deposited by sea 

The trade finally ended 
when overfishing off the Pe- 
nman coast wrecked the eco- 
I balance of the area and 
the sea-bird popula- 
tion from .20 milt™ to 2 
mill ion in 15 years. It was n 
sobering history related with 
so modi flair mat these hard 
facts were softened in the 

Celia Brayfield 

city of 

After Hours (15) 
Warner West End; 
Gate Notting Hill; 
Screen on the Green; 


The Doctor and 
the Devils (18) 
Odeon Haymarket 

Lady Jane (15) 
ABC Shaftesbury 

To Live and Die in 
L.A. (18) 


Timothy Dalton (left) with bodysnatchers Stephen Rea and Jonathan Pryce (right) in The Doctor and the Devils 

In an industry which feeds on 
talent, the single talent that 
money seemingly cannot buy 
is good writing.- . Millions of 
dollars are regularly spent on 
films which founder because 
they are not established on 
adequate screenplays. 

The individual writer of 
natural genius for this distinc- 
tive branch of the art is rare 
enough to be spotted at once. 
Such a one, it is safe to predict 
even from his first script, is 
Joseph Minion. Minion is 
now 26 and wrote After Hoars 
when he was still a student at 
Columbia University Film 
School. One of his tutors was 
the Yugoslav director Dusan 
Mafcavejev who says that 
from, the first Minion revealed 
mi extraordinary capacity for 
story-telling. . Makavejev 
pushed him to develop, the 
idea of-4/fer.lfam.;and:foe 
script Which reached the 
screen seems to have been 
finished in a matter of days. 

It tackles the hardest of 
genres, comedy: The structure 
is faultless, a progressive esca- 
lation from a single comic 
premise, railm mating in a 
swift and satisfying finale. 
Along the way it abounds ia 
quirky ideas, strange arresting 

characters and witty dialogue, 
yet with everything firmly 
rooted in real life. 

Admiration for Minion's 
script should not minimize 
Scorsese's contribution or the 
personal relevance of After 
Hours to the body of the 
director’s work. Tins is the 
' same rathndlmg, terrifying 
New York of Mean Streets 
and Taxi Driver, but now seen 
through the glass of comedy. 

Griffin Dunne plays a 
young Yuppie computer oper- 
ator, lured one night by the 
promise of a date with a 
strange girl (for stranger than 
he ever anticipates) from the 
safe familiarity of his own part 
of town into the unknown 
wildernesses of SoHo. 

From the moment that his 
one and only $20 bill blows 
away, leaving him ten cents 
short ofhis subway fore home, 
be is at the mercy of the city. 
Disasters pile upon him. He is 
caught up in a suicide and a 
murder, dashes with belliger- 
ent taxi drivers and subway 
men and a variety of late-night 
psychopaths looking for fights 
or for love. He narrowly 
escapes being scalped in a 
punk dob mid lynched by- 
vigilantes who think he is a 

Scorsese, Minion and Grif- 
fin Dunne (who also pro- 
duces) make everything in 
their comedy of urban para- 
noia seem perfectly, horridly 

normal. The special quality of 
After Hours is that the film 
makers avoid, the obvious 
temptation for comic frenzy. 

Poets are not necessarily 
natural screenwriters. During 
the Second World War, Dylan 
Thomas worked as a writer on 
documentaries, and in the late 
Forties tried to earn money 
from feature films. After his 
death his screenplay for The 
Doctor and the Devils was 
published by its intended 
producer, John Taylor, and in 
the years between there have 
been abortive efforts to film it 

The obstacles to its produc- 
tion were probably that 
though finely written it was 
not a very effective screen- 
play. The descriptions are 
vivid but not always quite 
practical; the dialogue is excel- 
lent but excessive: Thomas 
had not caught on to the 
notion of how few words are 
neressary on the screen to get 
an idea across. In any case, the 
ideas that Taylor and Thomas 
pursued in retelling the story 
of Burke and Hare, the mur- 
derers who supplied the cele- 
brated Edinburgh anatomist 
Dr Knox with human speci- 
mens, were not very far- 
reaching: the principle of ends 
justifying means, and the so- 
cial contrasts of academia and 
slum squalor. 

While pruning the script, 
Ronald Harwood’s adaptation 
turns it into a rather common 

thing, introducing the conven- 
tional plot mechanisms of old 
Hammer honor films. Fred- 
die Francis, a Hammer alum- 
nus, has endeavoured to give 
it style by casting good players 
(Timothy Dalton as the Doc- 
tor. Jonathan Pryce, Stephen 
Rea, Twiggy et at.) and giving 
his production designer Gus- 
tave Dong's London to study. 
(For some reason the action 
has been shifted from Edin- 
burgh in 1828 to London, 
1840.) Dote, though, was in 
black and white: in colour the 
squalor recreated on the 
Sheppenon stages is only 

Exactly fifty yean ago. Tu- 
dor Rose — directed by the 
recently dead Robert Steven- 
son - told the story of the 
nine-day reign of Lady Jane 
Grey with a good deaf more 
economy than the new ver- 
sion, Lady Jane, directed by 
Trevor Nunn from a script by 
David Edgar. Except in its 
length, the film looks back to a 
venerable tradition of British 
costume pictures winch in 
itself might well have derived 
from Victorian historical 
painting. It is studiously re- 
searched, beautifully dressed, 
intelligently acted, pictur- 
esquely photographed in au- 
thentic period locations. The 
political machinations which 
caused the ill-fated grand- 
daughter of Henry VIII to 
usurp his' daughter Mary Tu- 

dor are lucidly laid out As 
cinema it is rather lifeless. 

The oddity of the script is to 
make Lady Jane (Helena 
Bonharo-Caner) and her hus- 
band Guilford Dudley (Cary 
Elwes) 20th-century-style lib- 
erals who identify with the 
social revolt and endeavour to 
turn their nine days into a 
communist revolution. This 
requires a particularly star- 
tling transformation in the 
dissolute young Dudley. But 
then, most of the characters 
an and talk like people from 
present-day Kensington, apart 
from their eating habits. 

In films like The French 
Connection and Cruising, Wil- 
liam Friedkin explores the 
nastier sides of urban life in 
highly polished, violent melo- 
dramas. To live and Die in 
L.A. deals with an aspect of 
crime unusual in films — 
forgery — with die sinister 
William Dafoe as a high- 
powered counterfeiter and 
William L. Peterson as a chill- 
ingly ruthless secret service 
man. Wim Wenders's photog- 
rapher, Robby Muller, records 
the exotic landscapes and 
scummmy backwaters of Los 
Angeles. It is fast-moving and 
unpleasant, and the thesis of 
the script, by Friedkin and 
Gerald Petievich, is not origi- 
nal: the essential kinship of 
criminal and cop. 

David Robinson 


Queen Elizabeth • 

If artistic inspiration were an 
infection one could catch by 
immersing oneself in the cre- 
ativity of others, Richard 
Rodney Bennett's new piece. 
Dream Dancing, could hardly 
fail. He has now written no 
fewer than five works based 
on Debussy’s Syrinx: quite an 
achievement, considering how 
.few. notes Debussy himself 
wrote in dm miracle of 

The orchestration of this 16- 
minute, bi-partite piece is also 
based on Debussy: the instru- 
ments being grouped accord- 
ing to the Frenchman's 
unrealised plan for a series of 
sonatas. As for the second 

movement’s - tarantella' 
rhythms, Bennett tells us that 
this is derived from Debussy's 
piano work, Masques. 

Then there are the literary 
stimuli: Dylan Thomas for the 
fim.movement, Keats for the 
second. Finally, Bennett notes 
that both Jerome Kern and 
Cole Farter wrote so ugsxalled 
“Dream Dancing”, just in case 
anyone was worried that he 
had stumbled on a daringly 
original title. . 

Unfortunately music, like a 
racehorse, must be judged not 
on hs breeding but on bow it 
runs. Dream Dancing runs 
rather staidly: even its molto 
vivo movement reverts to the 
winding, elegiac vein of melo- 
dy — usually over a regular 
thread of polite, inter-war 
harmonies — which had domi- 
nated its first part. 

As usual with Bennett, how- 
ever, one could always get 
interested in the sophisticated 

instrumental colouring: main- 
ly' pastel-shaded, : bat -with 
some spikier writing -for 

Elsewhere in this pro- 
gramme (the second of two 
London Sinfonietta concerts 
celebrating Bennett’s fiftieth 
birthday) were Villa-Lobos’s 
Bachianas Brasileiras Nos 1 
and S, occasionally un-tune- 
fully managed by the eight 
cellos, but notable for a sensu- 
ous alliance between the so- 
prano Felicity Lott and the 
solo cellist, Alexander BaiQie. 

The concert also included 
the London premiere of 
Falla's El conegidor y la 
molinera, the original version 
of The Three-Cornered Hat. 
David Atherton conducted 
this pungent, pantomime mu- 
sic, full of irreverent Beetho- 
ven allusions, with con- 
siderable verve. 

Richard Morrison 

Mutual confidence and control 


Festival Hall 

The improvement in the stan- 
dard of the Royal Philhar- 
monic Orchestra's playing 
over the past couple of seasons 
has been spectacular, even 
though their programmes do 
still err on the side of commer- 
cial caution. 

Much of the credit for that, I 
would guess, is due to the 
efforts of its principal guest 
conductor, Yuri Temirkanov. 
Clearly he loves conducting 
them, and clearly the feeling is 
mutual As if to emphasize the 
point, the orchestra's perfor- 
mance of Weber’s 
Obmvioverture last night 
really sparkled. 

At once — and for once — it 

was obvious that the strings 
could play this notoriously 
tricky score with complete 
confidence, and with not a 
hint of scratchiness or way- 
ward tuning, either. The winds 
were equally alert, providing a 
wealth of crisp rhythmic de- 
tail. And the delightfully crude 
entry of the horns near the end 
of the piece epitomized the 
ebullient spirit abroad. 

But Beriioz’s Symphonic 
faniastique demands far more 
than mere virtuosity if it is to 
succeed. Here Temirkanov 
kept the first movement im- 
pressively under control so 
that it really did sound some- 
thing like a balanced sonata 
structure, while the ball scene 
had about it exactly the right 
mixture of elegance and antic- 
ipatory excitement. 

Then came the “Sc£ne aux 

champs", given plenty of 
space, with the cor angiais and 
echoing oboe solos creating 
between them a haunting at- 
mosphere; it lacked only the 
final measure of tension. That 
arrived soon enough in the 
“March to the Scaffold", and 
the final “Dream of a Witches’ 
Sabbath", however, where 
Temirkanov besides unleash- 
ing awesome power, made 
sure that his orchestra missed 
none of the finer detail 
Between the Berlioz and the 
Weber, Sir Yehudi Menuhin 
gave the two Beethoven Vio- 
lin Romances and Cfaausson's 
Poeme. My thoughts on his 
playing have not changed 
since last month; but there is 
no need to repeat them. 

Stephen Pettitt 




Simon Boccanegra 


Simon Boccanegra is scarcely 
the most obvious opera with 
which to begin a Verdi cycle, 
least of all at Glyndeboume: 
next year's promised La 
iraviata looks a much more 
immediate choice. 

It is not just that the work is 
dramatically complicated and 
hard to bring into focus, nor 
that it inhabits an uncomfort- 
able space with corners touch- 
ing Rigoletto as well as the 
further shore of Oteiio. The 
more serious difficulty is sim- 
ply one of scale. The grand 
climaxes, unstinted in Ber- 
nard Haitink’s marvellous ac- 
count of the score, presume a 
grand space: in a small theatre 
they risk seeming excessive. 

There appeared no reason 
for these people to behave so 
largely, and if Robert Uoyd, 
for one, stays any doubts in his 
performance as Fiesco, be 
does so by refusing to be 
bound by intimacy and in- 
stead manifesting as superb a 
figure of tragic, heroic nobility 
as he might in a much largo- 

Such magnificence of de- 
meanour creates its own gen- 
erous scope, but it is not 
possible for the real surround- 
ings always to be so blissfully 
ignored. There are points 
where the very timing of the 
opera implies action across a 
wide stage: in the council 
chamber scene, for instance, 
the assembly’s delayed recog- 
nition of Amelia becomes 
almost risible when nobody is 
more than a few feet from her. 

Then again, a certain am- 
pleness is practically required 
of the settings and it is an 
ampleness that Glyndeboume 
just cannot accommodate. 

John Gunter's designs tack- 
le this problem boldly and 
bravely. His general solution 
is to restrict the eye's aware- 
ness of the narrowness of the 
stage by directing attention 
always to the back, or else by 
having everything played in 
near darkness. 

The prologue, done entirely 
behind a gauze curtain, is a 
sombre invention in tones of 
sepia and sea-green; the last 
act is similarly dark, and the 
sense of a Mediterranean wa- 
terfront is well suggested by 
the dimming vista of a head- 
land across water. 

But the trick does not 
always work. The scene at the 
Grimaldi Palace again has a 
centra] seascape to draw the 
eye, but one can hardly fail to 
notice that people have to 
enter and exit from the sides, 
however blankly painted these 
are. And though the council 
chamber is powerfully domi- 
nated by the doge's golden 
galleon throne and the map 
behind, the absence of design 
elsewhere suggests something 
makeshift, without the contra- 
riety of striking emblems and 
empty surroundings being 
made dramatically pointful in 
the production. 

It would not, of course, be in 
Sir Peter Hall’s style to work 
with such ironies. He handles 
the situations, however bi- 
zarre, as if they concern real 
people, and in doing so he 
shows why this opera is, after 
all, an apt choice for 

Quite straightforwardly, it is 
full of duologues, full of 




occasions where two people 
are exposed to each other — . as 
parent and child, as lovers, as 
enemies as conspirators —by 
what they think. 

As one might have expect- 
ed, Sir Peter's treatment of the 
chorus is to individualize 
them, but in some respects 
this is the least happy aspect of 
his production. In the finale, 
for instance, the expressions 
of general lamentation are a 
little ostentatious, with a child 
turned away from the sight of 
death, a hapless woman stum- 
bling down steps, and people 
inching forward in dumb 

Much more productive are 
those many scenes, particular- 
ly between Boccanegra and 
Amelia, where a hand gesture, 
a look or a well-timed exit can 
compete with Mr Lloyd's 
rampaging grandeur. Then ‘SY- 
mon Boccanegra begins to 
have the appearance of cham- 
ber opera. 

It begins to sound like 
chamber opera, too, in the 
central performance by Timo- 
thy Noble: This is a doge who 
dominate not so much by 
force of personality as by a 
benign abdication: one is not 
surprised that Mr Noble 
should have played Prospero 
in John Eaton's The Tempest 
at Santa Fe last year. 

His British debut reveals a 
very secure, amiable vocal and 
dramatic personality, but one 
is bound to wonder how Well 
his security and amiability 
might survive in a larger 
theatre: there were moments 
when his voice was coveiedby 
the orchestra, and of course it 
is not difficult to silence a 
fractious council from a raised 
position on a tiny stage. 
Nevertheless, Mr Noble’s 
qualities oflyrical warmth and 
avuncular experience offered 
consistent pleasure. 

Carol Vaness, once she had 
mastered some chestiness in 
the low regfater, provided a 
highly proficient Amelia, sing- 
ing with rounded tones and 
perfect, unforced phrasing. 
She seemed to have no prob- 
lem at all with the part, and 
her sure delivery of the vocal 
goods caused one to forget 
that the character is hardly 
Verdi’s most vivid, 

Tibfire Raffalli also has to 
deal with a colourless role as 
Gabriele Adorno, and if his 
performance was less unassail- 
able than Miss Vaness's, it was 
stylish and clear. 

John Rawnsley sings and 
acts an incisively-stamped vil- 
lain; Robert Uoyd is, as I have 
suggested, a glory on bis own, 
and the LPO under Bernard 
Haitink gives one another 
reason for bearing Boccanegra 
at Glyndeboume: as a festival 
of silvery woodwind and po- 
tent lower-string lines among 
the clamour. 

Paul Griffiths 

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Directed by ROBIN LEFEVRE 



30X OFTICc a CREDIT CSP.DS: 01-3/3 5333 
CREDIT CARDS: 0V373 6433:0W41 999S 

01-240 7200 iSkf) Ik 24 7 day.. 

9 ■ ' 

•» . 

' v.Y 
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•’ ■: » 

"... the most theatrically satisfying 
and visually attra c tive version 
of the ballet I have ever seen” 

. E diBord Tkorpt, London Standard 

June 7 24 28 July 3 at 7.30pm! 

June 23 at 8pm 

Royal Opera House 
01 - 240 1086/240 1911 

tacen/Via/Dium Chib 

The Nest 


Franz Xaver Kxoetz is one of 
the few living playwrights who 
can present working class 
characters without patronage 
or literary distortion, and The 
Nest (the Bush’s fourth Kroetz 
production) is a fine example 
of his power to evoke the 
extremes of human feeling by 
recording things exactly as 
they are. 

Kurt is making a fair living 
as a lorry driver, and when his 
wife announces her pregnancy 
he is happy to sit through her 
catalogue of maternity re- 
quirements from an electric 
bottle- warmer to “mother-to- 
be cream" and agree to buy 
the lot 

Young Stefan arrives, and 
the couple wheel him into 
their garden and take him on 
picnics, confident of their 
future together even tho 
overtime earnings are not 
quite what they used to be. 
Then an overtime job does 
crop up, and Kurt drives six 
barrels of waste round to the 
picnic spot and tips them into 
the river. When foe unsuspect- 
ing Martha next goes bathing, 
she lifts a mortally ill child out 
of foe water. 

In Sarah Pia Anderson’s 
production the whole action 
takes place behind a wrap- 
round gauze. The effect of this 
design (by Roger Glossop) is 
to lend Kroetz’s highly cir- 
cumstantial realism the ab- 
stract formality of Beckett, 
and to achieve the shadowy 
recesses of a large stage at 
point-blank range. 

Space is defined with mini- 
mal props: a single table, two 
bicycles; and when the guttt- 
stricken Kurt immerses him- 
self in ' the poisoned water, 
lighting alone conveys the foil 


sense of a body swaying on the 

The setting, coupled with 
Mike Figgis’s erratically pul- 
sating music, also intensifies 
foe power of the writing. 
Kroetz’s characters are condi- 
tioned to banal actions and 
banal speech. Paradoxically, 
foe effect of distancing them is 
to bring them closer and to 
intensify the connections. 

The translation is by 
Kaiharina Helm, and it ranks 
with her version of Stallerhof 

(which launched Kroetz at the 
Bush in 1974) in packing 
explosive emotions into foe 
most habitually stunted 
speech habits. 

Veronica Robots and Dan- 
iel Webb project to foe full foe 
sense of people trying to 
express violent personal expe- 
rience through second-hand 
phrases; and the panic and 
exhilaration of connecting 
their little world to life outside 
the nest. 

Irving Wardie 

v* .Vi 



after the novel tn Klaus Marin, 
adapted by Ariinc Mrnjochkinc- 
in a nvv. translation b> 
Timbcrlaktr Wcrte nbaktr' 

I he tripping story of 
a theatre company 
devastated by the Naris 

The RSC s epic .\U-phisio iy a 


. . . the company is mafnilitcm' 

To Mendelsohn's celebrated score, Ashton’s 
ballet captures the magic of Shakespeare’s play, 

Les Patineurs/ 

Scenes de ballet 

june6 9 12 14 27 m 730pm 

Les Patineurs/ 

Return to the Strange Land 

June 26 30 July 1 at 7.30pm 


01-240 1066/1911 
Atxess/Visa/Diners Club 


June 7 24 28 July 3 at 7.30pm 
June 23 at 8.00pm 

Royal Opera House 


* I i 

j • 1 

Spy chiefs meet 
in secret to 
revive the KGB 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Winged salute to airfield’s history 

A sweeping review of the 
activities of the KGB took 
place during a secret two-day 
conference, attended by Mr 
Gorbachov, at an undisclosed 
venue here earlier this weds. 

Brief reports of the staging 
of the conference of leaders of 
the shadowy organization, be- 
lieved to embrace about 
700,000 agents, were given 
prominence in yesterday's of- 
ficial press. But tittle was 
released about the content of 
the unprecedented meeting. 

The ranks of the KGB nave 
escaped many of the purges 
conducted elsewhere m the 
Soviet bureaucracy since Mr 
Gorbachov came to power in 
March 5985 and Western 
diplomatic sources said it was 
believed that the conference 
contained calls for more 
streamlining and efficiency. 

Among those who ad- 
dressed what one diplomat 
described as “probably the 
largest single gathering of the 
beads of the Soviet Union's 
secret community" was Mr 
Viktor Chebrikov, chief of the 
KGB and a full member of the 

A close ally of Mr 
Gorbachov and one of those 
who helped him to power, he 
hinted at shortcomings within 
the organization when he 
addressed the watershed 27th 
congress of the Communist 
Party earlier this year. He said 
then that more work was 
needed to ensure that all KGB 
members were politically 

steadfast, principled, truthful 
and self-criticaL 

Far from diminishing under 
Mr Gorbachov, the internal 
grip exercised by the KGB 
appears to have expanded, 
although in keeping with the 
modernization of the Com- 
munist state, its operatives 
attempt to demonstrate a tittle 
more subtlety than in the past 

A former KGB official was 
recently appointed to take 
overall control of Soviet radio 
and television. 

The brief Tass report of the 
previously secret gathering 
stated baldly that the confer- 
ence “defined measures fur- 
ther to improve the activities 
of the KGB agencies and 
forces". It also said that the 
meeting in Moscow had, been 
convened to assess decisions 
taken at the party congress, 
where Mr Chebrikov made a 
significant speech. 

He gave a warning of efforts 
of the Western intelligence 
services to subvert the state by 
seeking out “social misfits" 
and trying to suborn officials 
into giving away state secrets. 
“They are straining after our 
political, military, economic 
and scientific secrets," he said. 

Western intelligence ex- 
perts, who were intrigued by 
the news of the Moscow 
gathering, saw it as the same 
type of exercise as last week’s 
two-day conference reviewing 
the future of Soviet foreign 
policy in the Gorbachov era. 

■ V - 

^ Uv- v V ' - ii ■' ‘ "" 

. ■ ; A'"/* 1 Vi?;; v -^ ' ' o^v-i 


t5X" V*?;; ' 
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Argentina ship protest 

Retired Squadron Leader Ray Hanna flying a Spitfire 6 ft off the ground at RAF Mansion yesterday. Former station rommandem indnding Air 
Marshal Sir Richard Jordan (second left, below), watch with the CO, Wing Commander Tom Hindmarsh (third left). (Photographs: Harry Kerr) 

Seventeen of the 20 

Continued from page 1 

arrangements with Argentina. 

Britain and Argentina have 
agreed to let the Rome-based 
Food and Agricultural Organ- 
isation try to devise an inter- 
national arrangement to cont- 
rol fishing in the rich waters 

One thing which the Argen- 
tinians and the Falkland Is- 
landers have in common is a 
chared concern that the fishing 
stocks of the South Atlantic 
are bring decimated 

tine authorities maintained 

silence yesterday morning as 
high-level meetings were held 
in the foreign ministry over 
the sinking of a Taiwanese 
fishing vessel (A Correspon- 
dent writes). 

• TAIPEI: Taiwan mil de- 
mand compensation from Ar- 
gentina for attacking a Tai- 
wanese trawler off the Falk- 
lands Islands. One sailor was 
killed and another reported 
missing, a Taiwan fisheries 
official said yesterday (AP 

Leading article, page 13 

surviving commanding 
officers of RAF Manston 
gathered at the airfield in 
Ramsgate, Kent, yes- 
terday to celebrate its 
70th anniversary. 

The day's events in- 
cluded a flypast and a 
display by a Spitfire and a 

Wing Commander Tom 
Hindmarsh, the present 
commander, said it was 
the most bombed airfield 
in the Second World War 
and the only station to 
have been in every opera- 
tional command. 

NHn V 


. ; 4 

disaster / 
death toll 
up to 21 

Continued fro® page I 

examined local rerfden^*^ 

5,000 doctors and Junes 

helped exiunme tbe lM^OO 

evacuees once tiiey had^** 
rdocated.AU of those i*op« 
wOI continue to be monitored 
**oo a long-term bass ■ 

The monitoring of 
tivity in the Cbensobyi a** 3 
being done by 188 pe^anent ,- 
stations and 38 mobile sta- 
tions using road vehicles, air- 
craft ud helicopters. Samples 
are being taken every boor in 
rivers, lakes and reservoirs. 

Professor Dyin saw »n or- 
der to eliminate the conse- 
quences of this accwlent we 
had to mobilize the huge 
medical capabilities of oar 
entire nation. I am not sure 
that in other commies so many 

resources could have .been 

taken within so short a time. 

“In a nadear war the idea of 

outside help, of govenunent 

help, will be totally irrelevant. 

I hope the experience of 
Chernobyl win aronse in us a £ 
feeling of great responsibility 
for what is happening in the 
world. We should increase our 
efforts ten-fold." 

The IPPNW announced 
yesterday that one Soviet dis- 
sident has been released from 
prison and another will te 
freed soon following a cam- 
paign by the organization. 

Mr Alex Shatravka, a 
founder member of the Mos- 
cow Group To Establish Trast 
has been released and gives 
permission to leave the Soviet 

Dr Vladimir Brodsky, aged 
41, who was given a three-year 

sentence in Siberia last Aogost ~ 

and is another founder mem- 
ber of the same group is 
expected to be freed “in the 
near future" the IPPNW said. 

Dr Brodsky's release has 
been sought in the last year by 
British doctors in the Medical 
f^mpatpi Against Nuclear 

% VIENNA: The West Ger- 
man Interior Minister, Herr 
Friedrich Zimmermann, said 
yesterday that major nuclear 
power-using states would at- 
tend a special meeting here in 
September to discnss unclear 
safety following tiie Chernobyl 
accident (Renter reports). 

Students held, page S 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince and Princess of 
Wales visit Leicester, they open 
the Leicestershire Hospice, 
Groby Rd. 1130; and the 
British Rail Travel Centre, 
Leicester Station, 1.45; The 
Prince of Wales, Royal Patron, 
The Abbcyfield Society, visits 
The Abbeyfield Houses, 33 
ChuichHilL Birstall, 2.45. 

Princess Michael of Kent 
attends the International Dres- 
sage Championships, 

Goodwood, 12 noon. 

New exhibitions 
Charles Hamilton Soricy: 
Manuscripts, portraits and First 
World War memorabilia; The 
Central Library, 7 Lion Yard, 
Cambridge; Mon to Fri 9.30 to 
6, Sat 930 to 5 (ends June 14). 

Work by Edmund Bbmpied; 
Guernsey Museum and Art 
Gallery, Candie Gardens, St 
Peter Port, Guernsey; Mon to 
Sun 1030 to 530 (ends June 
22 ). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Secular to Sacred: domestic 
silver in Hampshire Churches 
1540-1840; Winchester Cathe- 
dral Treasury; Mon to Sat 1 1 to 
5, Sun 230 to 4.30 (ends 
September 21). 

The Buttonhook Society; 
Rozdie House, Monument Rd, 
Ayr; Mon to Sat 1 1 to 5, Sun 2 to 
5 (ends June 14). 

Paintings by Anthony Bell 
and Naomi Siderfin; ceramics 
by Norman Graves; Linton 
Court Gallery, Duke St, Settle; 
Tues, Fri and Sat 1 1 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends June 15). 

Paintings by Nigel Ashcroft; 
ceramics by Geoffrey Fuller and 

The Times Crossword Puzzle 17,059 


■ ■ ■ 


■ mm 

across t , 

1 Athlete becomes scarlet over 
the sticks (6). 

4 One needs to be in good 
health to play a fanfare (81 

10 Celebrity has nowhere to eat 

11 He preserved a doctor’s life 

( 7 ). 

12 Equivocated like one of 
Kipling's fools at the wicket 

13 Fbrced to submit to Was (4). 

15 Nothing less than a blue 

moon could produce this 

17 Not a dry eye when this 
agent is discharged (4-3). 

19 Spending our of petty cash, 
we hear (71 

21 Pole and Russian boxed (7). 

23 The same age as Reekie? (4). 

24 Nothing discreet about 
tradesmen's enhance — us 
just for show (10). 

27 Member approxhes dub 
with extreme restraint (3-4). 

28 Fermented Rhine is more 
sparkling (7). 

29 What a sauce, coming frora 
the French Marquis! (8). 

30 NALGO's new battle-cry 

( 6 ). 


1 Telephone receiver com- 
pletely cut off (4-5). 

2 Game in which women fi- 
nally throw up (7V 

3 Levee on the Thames, say 


Condse Crossword page 10 

5 Books for some operas (9). 

6 Opening letters of people be- 
hind the iron curtain (4). 

7 1 caught diver coming up in 
part of glacier (7L 

8 Ambassador has many a ser- 
vant (5L 

9 This danger sounds a 
beauty! (4). 

14 Where the Blues beat the 
Buffi in battle (10). 

16 Deference shown in case Ni- 
obe dissolved in tears (9). 

18 Summer visitor finds greens 
tricky with patches of dew 


20 Soft Channel Island wind 
ailing up on the open sea 


22 Making a mock pattern or 
bands in knitting (7). 

23 Stage make-up? (23). 

25 Rugbeian who never met his 
bridge partner? (4). 

26 Expert on a sailing boat (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,058 

sinasr-iPiififflifiE t-TflS,; 

13 n 13 II 0 ® p 

e si m s 5 , -ra m 'in- n 

lVJ eJ O ■ i« 3 fj, R 

55 □ ' F? E K 13 "It H 
0 e n n rc • m rs 

9 n z m n s' to w 
s h --si s is m n 
'■•iiKisa r-iTiKiT,^nnfiRF 

Elespb Owen; glass by Tessa 
Cles; Long Street Gallery, 50 
Long St, Tetimry; Mon to Sat 10 
to I and 2 to 530, Thurs 10 to 1 
(ends June 14). 

Craft works y the Textiles 
Group of Craft North; Coach 
House Gallery, Gawthorpe Hall, 
Padiham, Nr Burnley; Mon to 
Sat lOto 5, Sun 2to 5 (ends June 

Astronomical exhibition: (I) 
The histtuy of the telescope 
from the seventeenth century to 
the present; (2) Halley's Cbniet; 
(3) Moden astronomy including 
mysterious black holes; Royal 
Greenwich Observatory, Hersi- 
monceux Castle, HaQihan; 
Mon to Sun 10.30 to 4.30 (ends 
Sept 30V 

Last chance to see 

Work by the Hcngist Group 
of Artists; Regent Centre, High 
St, Christchurch, Dorset, 10.30 
to 10, 

Paintings by Robert Jenkins; 
The Ginnel Gallery, 16 Lloyd 
Si, Manchester, 930 to 530. 

Taunton Cider Mugs; Cots- 
wold Countryside Collection, 
Nmthleadi, 10 to 530. 

Craft Matters three attitudes 
to contemporary craft; Peter- 
borough Museum and Art Gal- 
lery, Priestgate, 10 to 5. 

New work by Charles Oakley, 
Arts Council Gallery, Bedford 
St, Belfast, 10 to 6. 


Organ recital by James Par- 
sons; Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge, LIS. 

Concert by the Southern 
Chamber Orchestra; Ramsey 
Abbey, 7.30. 

Concert by the Artaria Trio 
and Flute Quartet; Grundy An 
Gallery. Queen St, Blackpool, 

Recital by the Ashley Parish 
Church Choir; Canterbury 
Cathedral, 12. 


Book Market, Northgate Hall, 
St Michael's St. Oxford, 10 to 5. 

Book Fair; Town Hall, Hove, 
today 2 to 8. tomorrow 10 to 5. 

Food prices 

Billingsgate market was 
mowed under with supplies of 
wild and farm salmon and 
rainbow trout this week and 
retail prices should be down 10- 
20 percent. Tuna, cod and large 
John Doty were also plentifuL 
Although fish supplies through- 
out the country are generally 
better, shoppers are advised to 
check best buys locally. 

All home produced Iamb 
prices are down this week by 
between 1 and 7p a lb. New 
Zealand lamb prices are 

Good offers available this 
week are: Sainsbary: whole leg 
of home produced lamb £2.18 a 
lb and 30p a lb off aO shoulder 
cuts and chops; Tesco: pork 
chops £ 1-22 a lb. beef topside 
and silveiside £1.86 a lb; 
Finefare; new season home 
produced lamb legjoints £1.99 a 

Galia mellcms from Carmel 
and Spain range from 65p to 
£135 each. Grapes from Chile, 
South Africa and Israel 95p- 
£1.30 a lb. Strawberries 35-55pa 
half pound punnet, ba nanas 35- 
50p a lb, Gape granny smith and 
golden delicious apples 30-42p a 
lb, conference pears 30-48p a lb, 
oranges 1 6-28p each and lemons 
6-1 8p each are aD good buys. 

Imported new potatoes are a 
welcome sight; Jersey Royals 
from 40-50p a lb, Majorcan 20- 
24p. and Spanish 18-22p a lb. 
English asparagus £1.00-£2.00 a 
pound bundle, loose 80p-£1.20. 
Courgettes at 50-65p a lb, spring 
greens !8-2Sp. spring cabbage 
25-35p and onions are ail good 

There is a good choice of 
lettuce with round, iceberg, cos, 
crispa and webbs all reasonably 
priced. Large juicy cucumbers 
35-50p each, home grown spring 
onions 20-25p a bunch, water- 
cress 25-35p a bunch and hoi 
bouse tomatoes 50-SSp a lb. 

Top Films 

The top box-office fame h Lon- 

1 (-) Down and Out in Beverly 

The Jewel of the Nle 
9ft Weeks 
A Room with a View 
Jagged Edge 
Out of Africa 

8(61 The Hitcher 
9(8) Caravaggio 
10(10) Clockwise 
The lop flbne In the provfacas; 
1 The Jewel of the Nile 

4 The Hrtcher 

5 Spies Like Us 


Top video rentals 



.A weak trough of low 
pressure approaching Ire- 
land from the W is ex- 
pected to reach Wales and 
N England late in the day. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, E, central 
K, NE Englaod, East Angia, Mid- 
lands, Channel Islands: Bright peri- 
ods and isolated showers; wind fight 
or moderate SW; max temp ISC 
(59F) a Bttie below normaL 
sw, NW England, Wales, Lake 
District, Iste ofltai, SW Scotland: 
Rather cloudy, perhaps some rain In 


Borders, E di nb ur gh, Dundee, 
Aberdeen. Moray Orth, HE Scot- 
land: Rather dotidy with outbreaks 
of rake wind SW, moderate; max 
temp 14C (57FJ near normal 





' cloudy 

* * "«* ^ *^ * * .*• ^ 

B fog: wind SW, moo- 


Births: Alfred Austin, poet 
laureate 1896-1913, Leeds, 
Yorkshire, 1835: Peter Cart 
Fabcrge, goldsmith, St Peters- 
burg (Leningrad), 1846; Alexan- 
der Archipenko, sculptor and 
painter, Kiev, 1887. 

Deaths: Christopher Mar- 
lowe, London, 1593; Sir Peter 
Pud Rubens, Antwerp. 1640; 
Alexander Pope, London, 1744; 
Voltaire, Paris. 1778; Wilbur 
Wright aviation pioneer, Day- 
ton. Ohio, 1912; Boris Pas- 
ternak, poet and author of 
Doctor Zhivago. Nobel laureate 
1958. Peredeikino. USSR, I960; 
Saiat Joan of Are was burned at 
the stake in Rouen. 1431. 



The Midlands. Ml: 
Contraflow b et w een junction 1 5 
(Northampton) and 16 
(Daventty). M5: Roadwords be- 
tween junction 4 (Bromsgrove) 
and S (DroitwichX two lanes 
available in each direction. A34: 
Two separate roadworks likely 
to cause delays S of Stratford at 
Treddington and Wolford. 

Wales and the West: M4: 
Lane restrictions on both 
carriageways between junctions 
21 and 22 (Severn Bridge). 
A350: Draining work at Shaftes- 
bury. road narrows towards the 
roundabout A4042: Lane clo- 
sures on both carriageways be- 
tween M4 junction 26 
(Cwmbran) and Maltann round- 
about. Llantamam. Gwent 

The North: AI9: Construc- 
tion of new Mutton slip road S 
of Murton flyover, Co Durham. 
A59: Major repair work on the 
flyover has dosed Churchill 
Way South, Liverpool; local 
diversions. M63: Various lane 
closures wi both carriageways 
between junctions 2 and 3. 

Scotland. A7: Road realign- 
ment six miles N of Stone. 
Midlothian; traffic control as 
and when required. A97: Road 
widening East of Forres, Moray- 
shire. A 82: Construction woik 
on Loch Lomonside Road N of 
Inveraman between Tarbet and 
Crainlarich; long delays. 

Information snfiiii&d by AA 

1 1254 Jwsey 
11457 London 

The pound 

■'l i p* '* * B l h 


1JJ - 14 

57 sunny 

13 - 14 



&8 - 12 

93 - 14 

9J -13 
8.6 JO 14 

7 S .65 14 

IS .32 14 


9.4 .03 14 
09 .08 15 

9-8 02 15 
0.7 M 13 

34 JOT 13 

37 - 15 

39 - 15 


sunny - 13 

10.1 - 15 
























































f 14 G7 
f 24 75 
t 15 58 
f 15 59 
( 13 55 
h 948 


s 31 88 

I 22 72 
c 13 55 

FRIDAY MAY 30 1986 





i <, 


FT 30 Share 
1326.8 (-11.6) 

FT-SE 100 
1609.0 (-15.8) 

USM (Data stream) 
120.88 (-0.07) 


US Dollar 
1.4925 (-0.0080) 

W German mark 
3.4298 (+0.0087) 


76.5 9 (+0^) 


_ v. 

^ -i: v - 

: W 




Gerrard in 
£22m call 

Gerrard & National, the 
Gty’s basest discount house, 
yesterday announced plans for 
a £22 million rights issue, its 
first ever, as part of diversifi- 
cation plans which include 
creating a new holding compa- 
ny. It also annoimced a 98 per 
cent rise in profits for die year 
to April 5. from £5.1 million 
to£10J million. 

The issue will involve 7.6 
million ordinary shares, fully 
underwritten, at 300p each. 
The shares will be offered on a 
one-fbr-fouF basis to existing 
shareholders but will not qual- 
ify for this year’s final divi- 
dend. Current market capital- 
ization is £106 million. 

Of the total issue, £20 
million will go towards capi- 
talizing the company’s new 
gifts market making opera- 
tion, Gerrard & National Se- 

Courtanlds up 

Courtaulds, the textiles and 
chemical company, increased 
pretax profits from £128 mil- 
lion to £143 million in the year 
to March 31. Turnover nose 
from £2.15 billion to £2.17 
billion and the final dividend 
is op to 4.75p from 3.6p. 

Tempos, page 19 

Bredero sale 

Bredero Properties, the 
property developer and inves- 
tor, is making an offer for sale 
of 10.25 million shares, 50-5 
per cenv of the company; at 
145p a share to raise £5.1 
million net Applications open 
on June 5and trading starts on 
v ^.June.!2; Tempas,page 19 


\ - Redland, the building mate- 

\ rials manufacturer, lifted pre- 

? tax profits from £108 million 

to £1 13 million in the year to 
March 29. Tumoverrose from 
£125 billion to £1.29 billion 
and the total dividend is up 
from l0-5p to 1 1.55p. . 

Tempts, page 19 

/ Reuters sales 

* _> Three shareholders in Reuters 

■ are to sell a total of 122 

million B shares through a 
placing of American Deposi- 
tary Receipts. They are Mr 
> Anthony Rich and his brother 
- '■? Jerome, who will sell a total of 
•*, 22 million shares, and Austra- 

lian Associated Press which 
will dispose of 10 million 

Profits rise 

Wolverhampton & Dudley 
Breweries, which unsuccess- 
fully launched a £32 million 
takeover bid for Davenports, 
its Midlands rival, this 
year, raised pretax profits by 
just over 20 per cent to £8 
million in the half-year to 
March 30. 

Bid success 

* Fredericks Place Holdings 
yesterday said it had accep- 
tances of 505 per cent in its 
bid for Country Gentlemen’s 
Association. It has not, how- 
ever, received all the accep- 
tances and so cannot declare 
its bid unconditional. 

/ Report delay 

r *" The Monopolies and Merg- 
Vc.'- ers Commission has been 
allowed an extension, until 
,- V ~ September 4, to report on 
Bders DCL’s bid for AHied- 
• ■"* Lyons. It was due to report in 
I" ; ^ June. 

Tender price 

' Traders for the £400 mfl- 

'fi- lion of 3 per cent Treasury 
stock 1991 have been allotted 
■ in foil at the minimum price 
of £86 per cent. 

i/fr 4 

** m ‘ M *' 


• v~'~ i 

. x'®" 1 



Dow Jones 1869.88 (-8.40) 

NMcS Dow 18510.81 (+57-52) 

Hong Kong: 

zA O. 



Bn a se te 


Paris: CAC — 

SKA General - 

1772.76 (-4J71) 
28&4 (+09) 

: Ctosetf 


3S1-7 1-0-1 

529.40 (+6.70) 


London Ftatoy 

cto« $343-25-343.75 1 

Mew Yorie _ _ _ _ 
Domex $34060-343.10 

Takeover Panel endorses 
use of Chinese walls 

The Takeover Panel yesterday 

S btished interim rules on 
Jnese wall arrangements set 
up by financial conglomerates 
involved in takeovers. 

The rules endorse the use of 
Chinese walls between 
markeunakers and advising 
banks in bid situations, sub- 
ject to clear undertakings that 
the arrangements exist \ 
This mirrors the proposals 
of the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board which recognize 
the use of Chinese walls 
provided that there are suffi- 
cient compliance and moni- 
toring procedures to ensure 
their efficacy. 

The Panel said that the 
immediate problem con- 
cerned the pro-big bang posi- 
tion of maiketraakers within a 
conglomerate which incorpo- 
rated a bank advising on a bid. 

By Lawrence Lever 

** when the new relationships 
of the firms in question will 
generally have been estab- 
lished but the new 
marketmaking operating 
structure will not have come 
into effect”. 

During this intermediate 
phase the Panel said that it 
wifi follow the line of the 
Stock Excfaan^ of regarding 
the marketmaking activities of 
the business concerned as 
being run' in a fully indepen- 
dent manner. 

Also - in line with Slock 
Exchange practice, the panel 
wifi require explicit undertak- 
ings from the parties con- 
cerned that this degree of 
independence will be 

Given such undertakings, 
the Panel has said that it will, 
during foe intermediate peri- 

od until big bang on October 
27, work on foe assumption 
that foe maricetmakeis are not 
acting in concert with foe 
financial advisers concerned. 

Also, it will not regard 
either stockbrokers or jobbers 
concerned as an associate of 
the offeror or offeree company 
for disclosure purposes under 
rule right of foe Takeover 

However the Panel has said 
that in one instance Chinese 
wall arrangements will not be 
sufficiCTL^Where a firm of 
stockbrokers is grouped with- 
in a bank and when the latter 
is acting as the financial 
adviser to an offeror, such a 
stockbroking firm must not 
act as foe independent “rule 
3” financial adviser to foe 
offeree company in foe rele- 
vant takeover”. 

The Panel however stipu- 
lates that this would not 
prevent stockbrokers which 
are connected to an offeror's 
financial adviser acting in the 
capacity as stockbroker, not 
financial adviser, to the 
offeree company in the rele- 
vant bid. 

The Panel made it clear that 
these were intermediate provi- 
sions. It will publish later this 
year its proposed roles for 
markeimaking during an offer 
period to govern foe situation 
of markeimaking and corpo- 
rate finance departments 
within the same conglomerate 
advising on a takeover. These 
will come on October 27. 

The SIB has already pub- 
lished outline draft conduct of 
business rules which approve 
the use of Chinese walls in 
certain situations. 

UK loan 
first for 

By Teresa Poole 

Citicorp Investment Bank 
yesterday announced a new 
form of medium-term sterling 
floating rate agreement which 
enables investors and borrow- 
ers to set limits on iterates of 
interest payable. ■ 

The facility, claimed to be 
the first of its land. in foe 
United Kingdom, is aimed at 
bighty-geared companies 
where interest payments are a 
major item of cash outflow. 

It is expected to be popular 
with management buyouts, 
property developers, and fi- 
nancial institutions who will 
be able to repackage foe 
facility into their ' own 

The agreement is available 
in units of between £1 mini on 
and £50 millio n and for terms, 
of between six monthsand 10 

Gticorp hopes to book £500 
million in Britain by foe end 
"of the year. . 

Under foe Ceiling Rale 
Agreement, borrowers can fix 
a maximum interest rale while 
still benefiting from any de- 
cline in inarm rates below 

For example* in yesterday’s 
markets, the cost to a borrow- 
er of a 10 percent ceding over 
five years would be a 3.45 per 
ant payment at foe start 
which is equivalent to an extra 
0.91 per cent a year. . 

The Floor/Ceiling Agree- 
ment is cheaper because bor- 
rowers agree to forfeit the 
benefits if rates drop below a 
chosen level For instance; a 
10 per cent ceiling with a 7 per 
cent floor would cost 2.45 per 
ant at the-start or an extra 
0.65 per cent annually. 

For investors, foe Floor 
Agreement provides protec- 
tion should interest rates fell 
below an agreed minimum. 

The charge to companies 
depends on foe rates chosen 
and foe period of protection 

Boots adds £326m 
to property values 

By OnrOty Staff 

Boots has revalued its prop- 
erties to give a surplus over 
book value of £326 million. 
The revaluation boosts the 
high street store group’s net' 
assets per share by 45p to 

Boots also announced pre- 
tax profits of £2 1 0.4 million in 
the year to March 31, up 12.8 
per cent on foe previous year 
if property profits, currency 
fluctuations and exceptional 
items are excluded. 

On a similar baas, turnover 
was up 12 per cent to £2.1 
billion.- The dividend was 
increased by 14 per cent to 
7.1p. • - 

The share price moved up 
3p to 266pbut later sired 6p to 
doe down 3p on the day at 


The chairman, Mr Robert 
Gunn, said that Boots has 
acquired five out-oftown sites 
for future retail development, 
although planning permission 
has not yet been granted. 

Mr Gunn said be intends to 
keep foe nature of foe devel- 
opment under wraps as long as 
possible, and would not con- 
firm speculation that they 
could be garden and leisure 

Boots basnet cash of £130 
million and no gearing and is 

. Robert Gann: keen to 
nwl# acquisitions 

keen to make acquisitions. Mr 
Gunn said. It no longer has 
high hopes of being able to 
acquire a pharmaceuticals 
company in foe United States 
where its ambition to spend 
“several hundred million” is 
being frustrated by foe limited 
number of prospects. 

Consequently, Boots is 
spreading its net wider. It is 
now loo long for pharmaceuti- 
cals mid- consumer products 
businesses wortd-wide. 

Nevertheless, Boots con- 
firmed that 750 predominant- 
ly administrative jobs are to 
go, mainly in Nottingham. ' 

by 67% 

By Richard Lander 
Saatchi & Saatchi, which 
became the world’s largest 
advertising agency this month 
with the acquisition of foe Ted 
Bales group, continued its 
meteoric growth in tire six 
months to March 31 with a 67 
per ant rise in interim pretax 

They went up from £15.5 
million to £25.9 million. 

Saatchi said both foe com- 
munications and consulting 
divisions expanded strongly 
in the first naif while pretax 
margins improved to 14.1 per 
ant from (2.8 per cent 
A lower tax rate helped 
boost earnings per share from 
20. 8p to 25p and the interim 
dividend was raised from 
529p to 7.34p. 

The company is maintain- 
ing hs £68 million profits 
forecast, while share analysts 
are looking at about £112 
million for 1986-87. 

The acquisition of Ted 
Bates and Backer & 
Spielvogel another American 
advertising agency, has swal- 
lowed up most of last month's 
£407 million rights issue, but 
cash . balances should . have 
risen to about £1 50 million by 
the end of foe year, giving 
scope for further takeovers. 

ITT sells rest of Abbey Life 

ITT, foe United States* 
based multinational corpora- 
tion, yesterday severed its ties 
with Abbey Life, Britain’s 
second largest linked life com- 
pany, when it placed its 
remaining 5 1 .8 per cent stake. 

ITT sold 48.2 per cent a year 
ago. when Abbey was floated 
on foe Stock Exchange at 180p 
a share. Yesterday’s placing, 
which was planned from foe 
time of foe flotation, was 
made at I90p a share and 
raised £276 million for ITT. 

By Alison Eadie 

Abbey shares fell 21p to 
194p on a-day when the FT-30 
share index fell 11.6 points. 
The shares have been widely 
placed, with no institution 
holding more than 5 per cent 

—Mr Michael Hepher, man- 
aging director of Abbey, said 
font foe placing had been on 
the agenda for a long time and 
would have no effect on 
Abbey's trading. In the longer 
term, he said. Abbey’s new 
found independence could 

give greater flexibility if the 
company wanted to make 

ITTs divestment of Abbey 
was pan of its corporate 
restructuring announced IS 
months ago. 

• LEP Group yesterday 
launched a £14.5 million 
rights issue of one-for-six at 
235p a share on foe back of its 
results for 1985 which showed 

S unfits of £9.08 million, up 
rora £7.46 million before tax. 

World prospects cheer OECD 

By David Sarith, Economics Correspondent 

World economic prospects 
have improved sharply be- 
cause of lower oil prices, foe 
dollar’s fell .and dedming 
interest rates, the Organiza- 
tion for Economic Co-opera- 
tion and Development says. 

The OECD’s twice-yeariy 
Economic Outlook, published 
today, says' macroeconomic 
ahartions are better than they 
have been for some years. 

{Conditions have improved 
to an unusual degree over the 
past six months, it sap, 
because of three factors. Oil 
prices have declined by 40 per 
cent, from $26.50 a barrel last 
year to an average $15 a 
barrel which is assumed to 
continue this year and next 
The dollar’s over-valuation 

has been partly corrected, with 
a fell of nearly 25 per cent in 
effective terms, and interest 
rates, particularly long-term 
rates, have begun to decline. 

The initial effects of these 
factors have been on world 
inflation. Average consumer 
prices among foe 24 OECD 
countries declined in February 




Bank Base: 10% 

3-month Interbank 9 ,3 i*S%% 
3*ndnth eSgtta 

‘ '-‘irate 

Sf* 1 

Prime Rata &5Q% 

Federal Funds B«% ■_ 

3-month Treasury BtHs 6.26-6-25% 
30-year bonds SS'sjAc 


mica] Bar. 
A Walker . 

■ 287pl 

Bnxnsg row — 

Bassett Foods __ 

. roup (+3p) 
824p (+7p) 
915p (+25p) 

and March, the first time since 
the body was set up in 1960. 

OECD inflation is forecast 
to be 3.5 per cent this year and 
3 per cent next Excluding 
Iceland. Greece and Turkey, 
where inflation is now above 
20 per cent, the rate next year 
is predicted to fell to 2.25 per 
cent. Zero inflation is predict- 
ed for Japan, Germany, foe 
Netherlands and Switzerland. 

The OECD has revised up 
its growth forecasts. Growth 
among the industrialized 
countries is expected to aver- 
age 3 pa* cent this year and 
3215 per cent in 1 987. 

But more important than 
the actual growth figures — 
OECD gross national product 
is now expected to be I per 
cent higher in the middle of 
next year than in the forecast 
six. months ago — growth 
should .be better balanced. 
Tensions in foe world econo- 
my have bees reduced, al- 
though some serious imbal- 
ances remain, the report says. 

The biggest imbalance is the 
US. current account deficit 

M&ia Group 
Webber Elect 

Money market interest rates 
dropped again yesterday, in 
anticipation of an early cut in 
base rates from tire 10 percent 
leveL A strong dollar perfor- 
mance failed to depress base 
rate optimism. 

The dollar was boosted by a 
1.4 per cent rise in leading 
indicators last month, the 
biggest rise for nearly three 
years. The dollar traded brief- 
ly above DM230 and closed at 
171 against the yen. 

The pound lost nearly a cent 
to $1.4927, hot gained a 
pfennig to DMZA325- 

forecast at $132 billion this 
year and narrowing only 
slightly, to $125 billion, next- 
japan’s current account sur- 
plus is put at $77 billlion this 
year and $71 billion in 1987. 

Even so, the OECD attaches 
Jittie “downside risk” to its 
growth forecast. Despite the 
unproved prospect, growth is 
unfikefy to he sufficient to 
reduce unemployment signifi- 
cantly. The forecast is for no 
chang e in the OECD unem- 
ployment rate of 8.25 per cent. 

It is important that interest 
rales be further reduced, the 
report says, and that other 
measures be taken, notably to 
improve market flexibility in. 
Europe and foster growth. 

Japan and Germany should 
be prepared to delay their 
programmes of reducing foe 
ratio of public sector debt to 

Detailed calculations of foe 
effects of the oil price fell 
suggest the improvement in 
the terms of trade in foe 
industrialized countries that 
has resulted is equivalent to 
between 1 and 1.5 per cent of 

The oil price fell has low- 
ered the import bill for foe 
OECD area by a net $65 
billion a year, or 0.75 per cent 
of GNP. 

For Britain, the forecast is 
for 3 per cent growth this year, 
falling to 2.25 per ant nexL 
The inflation rate is expected 
to stabilize at 4 per ant next 
year, but jobless figures could 
edge down, from a current rate 
of 12. per ant, on OECD 
definitions, to 1 1.5 per ant by 
foe second half of 1987. 






Karris Queansway — 244 p 

Freemans 400p 

Wooiworth — _ 

British Benzol - 




Harrisons CrosfleU . 
Air Can 

- agisi 




London: NswYorie 

£81,4925 £$1.4925 

£ DM3.4298 $: DM22980 

£ SwFr2£268 & Index: 1172 

£: FFr10.9251 

£Yen25522 ECU £$£28712 

£tndiDc7&5 SDH £0.769089 

Three-year high for US 
economic indicators 

Washington (Renter) — The 
Administration said yesterday 
that its main forecasting gange 
for tire United States economy 
showed the largest rise in 
aearfy three years in April 
amid other sign s of stronger 
economic growth in foe fhtnre. 

The Commerce 

Department’s index of leading 
indicators surged 15 per cent 
last month, foe biggest rise 
since Jane, 1983, when it rose 
1 3 per ant. 

The index has risen tit 20 of 
the past 12 months and was 
revised, upward for March to 
shows 0.9 per cent gain. 

Analysts were surprised at 


the size of the increase. The 
dollar gaifwd on finrnirial 
markets as traders interpreted 
the report as an indication of a 
st ron ger US economy. 

The report helps to clarify 
the economy’s direction, which 

has been marked by slaggbh- 
ness despite lower interest 
rates mid oil prices. 

Meanwhile, the Paris-based 
Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Development 
(OECD) expressed confidence 
in the US economic outlook. 

The group raised its forecast 
for US growth after inflation 
to an annual 3.75 per cent rale 
in the second half of this year 
and through 1967. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Hillsdown bows out 
of Berisford battle 

Hillsdown Holdings had always 
hoped for a swift consummation of its 
bid for S & W Berisford so its 
withdrawal yesterday was not a big 
surprise. The new twist to the affair 
was the sale of its 14.7 per cent stake 
in Berisford to the Italian group 
Femxzzi, which, after seeming to melt 
into the background, is now firmly to 
the fore again with a crucial 23.7 per. 
cent holding in Ephraim Margulies’ 
besieged company. 

The immediate question is whether 
Ferruzzi will bid tor Berisford. If it 
does, a monopolies reference seems 
unavoidable. Even if it does not, the 
stake may well be deemed big enough 
in the circumstances of a general 
inquiry into the British sugar refining 
industry to justify a merger reference 
separate from the inquiry into Tate & 
Lyle’s conditional bid for British 
Sugar. Since the Monopolies 
Commission inquiry is designed to set 
the shape of the British sugar indusyry 
for years to come Ferruzzi probably 
thought that it might as weH have a go 
at British Sugar now. 

For Tate, Ferruzzi’s reappearance is 
not the nuisance it might seem. 
Ferruzzi is a less serious competitor 
than Hillsdown because it has already 
run foul of a European Commission 
worried about its powerful position in 
European sugar. The very fact that it is 
a Continental company, moreover, 
underlines Tate's argument that the 
British industry must be considered in 
an EEC context 

But if Ferruzzi does not dismay 
Tate, its bigger stake is unlikely to be 
well received by Berisford. Mr 
Margulies’ plans for restructuring the 
company depend critically on being 
able to exploit freely the breathing 
space provided by the Monopolies 
Commission. A deal which would 
remove British Sugar from the 
Berisford orbit may be very close, but 
it would require an extraordinary 
genera] meeting. Ferruzzi holds 
enough votes to make any deal almost 
impossible without its agreement 

Such complications encouraged 
Hillsdown to pull out The stake was 
passed on to Ferruzzi at a tidy profit, 
and Hillsdown is free to bid for other 
companies. But the freedom may 
have been bought at the cost of 
reinforcing the City view that 
Hillsdown’s chief interest is in a quick 
deal rather than a long hauL Certainly 
Hillsdown and its adviser Kleinwort 
Benson seem to have underestimated 
the political complexities of sugar. 

There must be a strong chance that 
the politics will block both Tate and 
Ferruzzi from taking over British 
Sugar, with the ironic result that Mr 
Margulies will be left unable to reduce 
his debt and management problems 
by selling the one Berisford asset 
others are keen to buy. 

A very fine discount 

The discount houses refuse to lie 
down. Yesterday saw yet more activ- 
ity in the sector with Gerrard & 
National, the largest of the pack with a 
market capitalization of £106 million, 
coming out with its first rights issue. 

The £22 million capital-raising ex- 
ercise comes less than a month after 
Cater Allen, a close competitor, raised 
£18 million. 

In contrast with Cater Allen, 
Gerrard & National chose not to go 
the deep-discoum route. Indeed, the 
company was congratulating itself 
yesterday over the very fine terms — a 
discount of a mere 9.5 per cent — it 
had achieved. It had rightly calculated 
that a near- 100 per cent increase in 
profits last year, to £10.1 million, 
would be enough to persuade under- 
writers to take the issue without a 

The new capital is going towards the 
continued diversification of the 
group, with £20 million being used to 
capitalize the company’s gilt-edged 
market making operation, Gerrard & 
National Securities. That should put ft 
on a reasonably equal footing with 
most of its competitors in capital 

At the same time, shareholders will 
be asked to approve the formation of a 
new holding company, Gerrard & 
National Holdings, of which the 
principal subsidiaries will be the 
traditional discount house, the gilts 
operation and GNI, the commodities 
and futures broking operation. 

The immediate usefulness of the 
holding company is that it will satisfy 
the Bank of England’s requirements 
that market makers in the new gilts 
market must be separately-capitalized 
subsidiaries — not offshoots risking 
their parent’s capital. 

In the longer run, holding-company 
formulae will allow a more flexible 
approach to diversification into areas 
not traditionally favoured by discount 

While diversification is necessary 
for the dwindling band of discount 
houses left with a Stock Exchange 
quotation, the year-end figures re- 
vealed by Gerrard & National yes- 
terday prove how far the process still 
has to go. The 98 per cent rise in prof- 
its came largely through getting the 
discount market right towards the end 
of the year. Diversification might, 
eventually, bring a more stable earn- 
ings performance. 

SG Warburg’s Feputation- 

In this column yesterday, headed 
“Reputation dented”, it was suggested 
that SG Warburg’s corporate finance 
division and Warburg Investment 
Management had colluded in 
“snaring” Wedgwood for Warburg’s 
client , London International, by WIM 
purchasing 25 per cent of Wedgwood's 
equity and making those shares 
available to London International in 
furtherance of that company’s bid. 

In fact, SG Warburg is not acting 
for, and has not acted as adviser to, 
London International in its bid for 
Wedgwood and there was not any 
element of collusion between SG 
Warburg’s corporate finance division 
and WIM. We apologize to SG 
Warburg & Co and WIM for this error 
and for suggesting there has been 
collusion between the two companies: 
we acknowledge that the suggestion is 
totally unfounded. 

Gerrard & 

National PLC 

Results for the Year ended 5th April 1986 

Profit for the Year 
Total Cost of Dividends 
Disclosed Shareholders Founds 
Total Assets 


£10 120m 

£4 726m 
£3.765. 1 75m 

£5 154m 
£4 008m 

Group Profit for the Year 

Group Profit ofler prcrvtding tor laxatoa minority interests anda transer to Inner Reserves amounted 
to £10,120000 (1985 £5.154000). Inner Reserves stand at a higher figure than previously. 


it is proposed lhatafinal dividend o*125p(1985 IQ^p) be paid on each ordinary share ot25p When 
added to the interim Dividend already pcndo(3p(] 985 3p). this makes a total ol l£L5p( 1985 1 3-2p)- an 
increase oL 17.4%. The proposed dividend on Ihe ordinary shares ol 25p each will be payable to' 
SZiarehotdsrsan Siereg&ter as at the dose at busuies on 12th June 1986. 

Disclosed Shareholders Funds 

The Group's Disclosed Shareholders' Puncfc al 5th April 1986 amounted to £65.492 million compared 
with 560.098 nuOioo iast year. 

Total Assets 

The Total Assets ol the Group at Sib April 1986 (excluding £619 million asets subject to repurchase 
arrangements) amounted to £3.765 million compared with £8667 million in 1985. 

Rights Issue 

The Board has decided that fl is appropnale to increase the permanent capital ol the Group by 
effecting a rights issue toardinary shareholders ai 7.622750 new ordinary shares at a price ol 300p per 
share to reuse £22 1 million after expenses. The new ordinary shares are being ottered to holders of. 
ordinary shares on the register al Ihe dose ol business on 23rd May 1986 in Ihe proportion ol 1 hew 
ordinary share tor every 4 ordinary shares then held The issue has been underwritten by Baring 
Brothers & Ca Limited. 

Group Reorganisation 

With Ihe continuing expansion and dhrersHIcafion ol Ihe Group’s business Ihe Company has decided 
that an enlarged corporate stru cture would be appropriate to reflect the current and prospective 
organisation ot the Group. Accordtnt^y shareholders' approval will be sought In due oomse to create 
a new holding co mp a n y lor the Group 

The Current Year 

The early part of the new financial year was also extremely profitable with base rates falling further to 
10ML Thereafler. wtth a general feeling developing on both sees ol ihe AHantiC that fixed interest 
mortals hadron ahead afchsmselvea the Book wassfighilynBducedbofh in size and length. However, 
by 22nd May when base nates came aown to 10* the Book, although shorter, had once again been 
increased. The Company reuxnns confident that short terra inieres rates ^ win continue to decline in the 
months ahead enabling tt to build on what has been a most promising start to the new year. 

The Report and Accounts Ich- the year ended 5to Apnl 1986. together with the arcuiar letter relatma Id 
the rights issue and provisional allotment letters will be posted to shareholders on 2nd June 1086. 

Gerrard & National nc 

32 Lombard Street London EC3V9B& Tel: 01-623 998i 


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Share price handicaps 
Courtaulds expansion 

Abbey Life leads shares lower 

-Coortaulds is frustrated in its 
ambitions. After six years of 
internal cuts and reshaping it 
is ready to make acquisitions. 
But because its share price is 
rated at a discount to the rest 
! of the market, despite a SO 
per cent rise to 289p in the 
! past six months, acquisitions 
are virtually ruled out 
While that may limit the 
chairman. Sir Christopher 
Hogg, and his team to small 
purchases for cash, it is not 
. completely debilitating. They 
have other ideas for 

Investors meanwhile are 
; stuck with the image of a no- 

Courtaulds intends to prove 
them wrong. 

Sir Christopher says the 
group is starting to grow in 
real terms, implying that it is 
no longer dependent cm cost 
savings for its profits growth. 
The market wants to see 
more evidence for this claim. 

Rationalization still has a 
place at Courtaulds, but from 
now on it is likely to be small 
scale. The number of employ- 
ees is 68,000, down from 
265,000 in 1981, and while it 
still falling , the roll call is in 
gradual decline rather than 
the steep descent that was the 
dominant and unhappy fea- 
ture of recent years. 

Last year saw the closure of 
two - fibres plants with an 
annual saving of £5 million, 
but they were probably die 
last plants of find size to go. 
The cost reduction was one of 
the main factors in the im- 
provement in the fibres divi- 
• sion which contributed £51 
•million, up from £37 million 
-last year. 

Despite currencies which 
cost £4.3 million, the disrup- 
tion following the plant clo- 
sures and a weak market for 
textiles, group profits jumped 
from £128 million to £143 
million before tax. 

There was, however, little 
real growth in sales, even 
allowing for the effect of 
e xchang e rate movements. 
Without acquisitions creating 
growth could prove difficult 
Capital spending, which last 
-year ran to more than £120 
million, should help. And the 
'group is building up its 
portfolio of brands which 
already takes in Aristoc, Lyle 
and Scott, Wolsey and BerteL 

Sr Christopher says the 
new emphasis on brands 
should not detract from the 

C p’s existing business vrith 
cs and Spencer, which 
accounts for £200 million 




sales annually. Courtaulds is 
MAS'S largest textile suppli- 
er, so the relationship is 
mutually important 

The shares do not yet 
deserve a growth tag but the 
company’s stability should be 
increasingly recognized in the 
price. Assuming profits reach 
£160 million this year and the 
tax charge stays below 20 per 
cent the p/e ratio is only 9. 
That looks too low. 


Investors who believe Red- 
land just manufactures roof 
tiles are in for a shock. As well 
as befog a sophisticated fi- 
nancial _ operator, it has 
turned into something of a 
property developer. 

The company stresses that 
the 700-acre development 
next to its quarry in San 
Antonio, Texas, is but a 
sideline to its main b uildin g 
materials business, welcome 
though it is. 

Redland acquired the quar- 
ry for $71 million in 1983. 
list year the quarrying activ- 
ity produced S 1 5 mflhon (£10 
million) profits, up from $1 1 
million, and it is set to double 
this year. 

Iti addition there was-a $2 
million contribution from the 
partnership set up to develop 
the spare land. Redland owns 

There will be a si^iar^ro^ 
arising from the initial sale of 
the land by Redland to the 
partnership, in each of the 
next four years. Profits from 
developing the land should 
come through in about 1990 
and could run for 15 years. 

Meanwhile, profits in its 
mainstream businesses are 
moving steadily ahead. Last 
year the group made £113 
million, up from £108 mil- 
lion, with the main advances 
at home and in North Ameri- 

In .West Germany profits 
were severely deated by the 
bad weather and a fall in 
housing starts. The Austra- 
lian contribution was hit by 
exchange rate movements. 
Overall currencies cost £4.5 

The company was helped 
by a lower-than-expected tax 
charge, leaving earning per 
share np by 14 per cent at 
31.8p, against a 4 per cent 
pretax profits increase.. De- 
spite that, the shares took 
their cue’ from the maricefs 
doldrums and fell 5p to 429p 
on the results: 

• G A G KYNOCEb Six 
months to Feb. 28, 1986. In- 

At that- level, they are 
trading on 12 times prospec- 
tive earnings, assuming prof- 
its rise to £127 million this 
year. That looks modest on 
trading grounds and allows 
nothing for the American 
property development. 



Bredero Properties, the Brit- 
ish property arm of Vere- 
nigde Bedrijven Bredero, the 
quoted Dutch company, is 
offering 50.5 per cent of Hs 
share capital for sale at 145p 
per share to raise £5.1 min inn 
after expenses. 

■Bredero Properties, which 
is a mixture of investment 
and property trading compa- 
ny, has made its name in the 
United Kingdom by building 
high quality town centre re- 
tail schemes with institution- 
al partners. 

It has retained a 28 per cent 
stake, valued at £14 million, 
in the Ashley Centre, a large 
retail and office development 
in Epsom, Surrey, and it aims 
to keep the same interest in 
its £50 million retail project 
in Aberdeen which is under- 
pinned by the John Lewis 
Partnership's decision to take 
a department store next door. 

Bredero Properties has per- 
mission for an ambitious £95 
million office development in 
Hammersmith, west London 
which is yet to be funded. 
Borrowings for the develop- 
ment programme will rise 
steadily to take them to 50 
per cent of shareholders’ 


Mam & Company 10110% 

BCC1 1000% 

Citibank Savrost 1075% 

Consolidated Crete 11L50% 

Continental Trust 1000% 

Co-operative Bank- 10.00% 

Co-operative Bank— 10110% 

CL Horn & Co 10J»% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai — 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank 1000% 

•Nat Westminster 1000% 

Royal Bank of Scotland — 1000% 

TSB 10.00% 

CHank NA 1000% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

million (£138 minion). Relax 
profit £6,000 (£1,000). Loss per 
share 2.8p (loss 0.6p) 

held at Q3p for the year to 
March 31, 1986, payable on 
Aug. 22. Pretax revenue” 
£134,713 (£131,104). Earnings 
per share 0,62p ((L57p). -• 

dend lp (same) for 1985. Pretax . 
profit £123,329 (£66,143). 
Extraordinary items: nil 
(£884,837 credit last time). 
Earnings per share 1.92p 

•TAI^CALL: Total dividend 
for 1985 cut from 5.6p to i.85p. 
Turnover £36.97 million 

Its housebuilding opera- 
tions will contribute 30 per 
cent of group profits in the 

The company’s offer for 
sale, underwritten byMotgan 
Grenfell, capitalizes it at 
£29.5 million. The price is a 
272 per cent premium to net 
asset value, a realistic figure 
in the lightof market approv- 
al for property trading com- 
panies with asset backing. 
The p/e of 11.9 times looks 

Profits have risen from 
£371,000 in 1981 and are 
forecast to be £23 milli on by 
the mid of December this 

Bredero’s determination to 
build ah asset base, a process 
already underway* will bdpit 
avoid the treadmill whereby 
continued profits growth can 
only be maintained by corpo- 
rare or property acquisitions. 

(£30.81 million). Pretax profit 
£139,000 (£912,000). Earnings 
per s hare 1 .6p (I02pX 

pany is raising AusS5.41 million 
(£2 jS million) by a placing of 6 
millio n, 50-amt ordinary shares 
at 71 cents each and 3.6 million 
options at 32 cents each. The 
proceeds will be used to expand 
ihe company’s overseas invest- 
ment portfolio.' ' 


dend 14_5p (13-25p) for the year 
to April 30, 1986k Pretax profit 
£134 million (£1.64 million). 
Earning per share 16.16p 

CHANGE: Mr J E H Coffins, 
the chairman, told the ""m 1 ”* 
meeting that the fast quarter of 

year ended 31st December 




Operating profit 

Group overheads 

Share of profits of associated 


Group profit before taxation 










Group profit after taxation 



Minority interests 


— ' 



Extraordinary Hems 



Group profit attar extraordinary items 



Transfer (toyfrom capital reserves 








Retained profit transferred to reserves 



Eamings per share 

: 38.75p . 


The croup profit before taxation forth* yearto31«t December 1985 increased by 
52% to £9,438,000 compared with the preceding year's prom of £6,195,000. 

The final dividend is Increased by. 2p to 10p per share making a total of 15p per 
share for the year. This will be paid on Tuesday, 1st duly 1988 to shareholders on 
the register at the close of business on Friday, 6th June 1986. 

The Directors believe that 1985 has been a successful year for the company and 
they look forward to the future with enthusiasm as the new acquisitions develop 
and make increasing contributions to Group profits; 

The Front end loss Account shown above Is an abridged 

Accounts which Win he rned with the Registrar. of Co mpaniesand for which the Report of 
the Auditors Is unqualified. 

Copies of the Report end Accounts may be obtained from 
The Secretary at 12113 Urn Street,' London EC3M 7AA. 

The £275 milli on placing by 
ITT of its near 52 per cent 
stake, in Abbey life dampened 
investment enthusiasm and 
had- share prices retreating 
over a broad front yesterday. 

The Chancellor's cheerful 
economic forecast, another 
buoyant session on Wall 
Street and good results from 
Boots and Courtaulds were 
almost completely ignored. 

The FT 30-share index 
dosed down 11.6 at 1,326.8 
while the broader FT-SE 100 
index fell 15.8 to dose at 

Abbey Life tumbled 2Ip to 
T94p on the ITT announce- 
ment taking other insurances 
down lOpto I5pin sympathy. 

Leading industrials fell 3p 
to !3p with Grand Metropoli- 
tan worst hit at 390p on feting 
bid . hopes. Cadbury 
Schwep p es slipped 3p to 165p 
as the rumoured vendor plac- 
ing to finance the Canada Dry 
acquisition failed to appear. 

Courtaulds resisted the 
trend at 287p up 4p after a 
bertcT-ihan-expccied 1 1 per 
cent profit increase but a 10 
per cent improvement failed 
to help Boots at 258p down 

Redland lost 5p to 429p 

after unexciting figures but 
Pflkmgtoa shares were sup- 
ported ahead of next month's 
results 6p better at 43! p. 

Newcomer Charles Barker 
managed a 6p premium at 
J56p having touched !6ip in 
early trading. 

A profits downgrading from 
stockbrokers Philfips & Drew 
knocked 17p from Rank 
Organisation at 554p. LEP 
Group announced a £14.5 
million rights issue which 
sliced 7p from its share price 
at 283p. 

Gerrard and National held 
steady at 344p following a 
deeply discounted £22 milli on 
cash call, but Union Discount 
fen 20p to 728p in sympathy. 

Comment on Wednesday's 
results left Tesco I3p lower at 


Antler (130p) 

AMnoton (lisp) 

Ashley |L) (t$p) 

Barker (Charles) (150p) 
Br Island | S0p) 

Clarke Cooper (I30p) 
Combined Lease (T25pi 
Datepak I107p) 

Davies DY (l55p) 

Dean & B pop) 

Debtor (130p) 

Raids (mre) (140p) 
Green (E) (120p) 

APV condemns 
£182m Siebe bid 

By Teresa Poole 

The board of APV Hold- 
ings, the process engineering 
group, yesterday launched a 
hard-hitting defence against 
the £182 million bid from 
Siebe; saying that it was trying 
to buy foe company on toe 

The defence document 
prompted Siebe to issue its 
results for toe year to April 5, 
which showed pretax profits 
almost doubled at £33.1 mil- 
lion, including a £9.5 million 
contribution from CompAir, 
acquired last year. 

■ Turnover increased by 75 
per cent to £372 minion. The 
figures, which were better than 
expected, helped Siebe's 
shares gain 25p to 93 5p. 

In the increasingly hostile 
battle, APVs chairman. Sir 
Ronald McIntosh, said there 
was no industrial logic to the 
bid and that the all-paper 
convertible preference share 
offer was of questionable val- 
ue and narrow investor 

• He also criticized Siebe for 
aiming to double in size for 
the second time in 12 months 
rather than concentrating on " 
consolidating its position 
APV points, to its own 

1986 saw a substantial improve- 
ment compared with the same 
period fast year. There was an 
encouraging surplus in the quar- 
ter, when investment income 
was taken into account. 

PAPERS: Year to March 29, 
1986. Total dividend 4p (same). 
Turnover £45. 1 5 million 
(£41£2 million). Pretax profit 
£L3 mfllion (£2.76 million). 
Extraordinary credits £285 mil- 
lion (£3.47 million). Earnings 
per share, before extraordinary 

items, 5.9p (10.7pX 

(HOLDINGS): The company 
intends to offer for subscription, 
through its wholly-owned 
subsidiary UB Finance, $75 
million 6 bonds 1996, with 
warrants to subscribe 20325 
million ordinary shares. The 
bonds and warrants are being 
offered atS 1 ,000 for one bond or 
$1,000 principal amount and 
271 warrants. 

MENT TRUST: The offers by 
British Empire Securities and 
General Trust for all the or- 
dinary shares - and the cu- 
mulative preference stock in the 
c o mpa n y tbat .it does not al- 
ready own has been accepted for 

23344340 ordinary (71.6 per 
cent) and £350,000 nominal of 
cumulative prefere n ce stock 
( i 00 per cent). When aggregated 
with the 6311*667 onfipaiy 
shares already owned, British 
Empire now bolds or has re- 
ceived acceptances fora total of 
29,556307 Ashdown ontinary 
(9025 per cent). 

MINES: The compa n y has not 
obtained approval of the regu- 
latory authorities for the pro- 
posed exchange of the 

strong profits recovery since 
Mr Fred Smith Look over as 
chief executive in 1984 and 
promises shareholders a prof- 
its forecast as soon as possible. 

The company questions 
Siebe’s use of acquisition ac- 
counting in producing hs prof- 
its growth and claims that in 
real terras the trading profits 
of all the main British manu- 
facturing businesses operated 
by Siebe continuously over 
the last five years have' 

According to yesterday’s fig- 
ures, Siebe’s original compa- 
nies increased profits from 
£13.1 million to £17-7 million 
last year. 

Sir Ronald said APV and 
Siebe, which makes safety and 
engineering products, have no 
common technology, markets 
or customers. 

He added: “Mr Barrie Ste- 
phens (Siebe's chief executive) 
has been very successful in 
operating a conglomerate 
which is attractive to the stock 

“ To keep your paper highly , 
rated, you have* to keep on \ 
making acqnirittons which ^ 
wiH increase youreariifogs per j 
share." j 

company's 60 per cent 
shareholding in the Martin 
Granite Group for 3,660,000 
shares in Erf Resources. Thus 
the preconditions for the agree- 
ment have not been met and 
“the agreement is of no force 
and effect.” 

making 4p (3.55). Figures in . 
£000 for year to Match 31 . Total 
income 4.534 (3370), revenue 
after all charges and tax 1,964 
(1,749). Earnings per share 
4.5 Ip (4.02). Net asset value 
after deducing prior charges at 
par 22I.4p (l77.4p). The com- 
pany reduced the loan facility 
from $11.7 million to $8.7 
million in February, 1986 and 
intends to maintain and con- 
tinue these loans for the 
foraeeable future. 

company has sold Woodhead I 
Ridley, a subsidiary carrying on 
a general building and electrical 
contracting business in New- 
castle-upon-Tyne. The buyer is 
Mr David Ridley — a director 
and general ma n ager of Ridley 
— and the former owner. Tbe 
price is £1 in cash. Ridley is the 
test construction company in 
the group and no longer fils into 
WoodbeacTs main business. 

sign Trust bolds 1390,000 or- 
dinary shares in the company 
(5.02 per cent). This holding 
forms part of tbe 16.14 per cent 
holding of Merchant Navy Pen- 
sions Administration and Asso- 
ciates notified on May 19. 

• (FRANK G) GATES: Divi- 
dend 3 p (same). Figures in £000 
for 1985. Group turnover 
49,421 (44,580), profit before 
tax 1.107 (l,150XEarniiigs per 
share 8.04p (82). 

Commercial Bank of Wales 
announces that its base Rate has 
been reduced from 10 Vi% to 10% on 
the 28th May 1986. 

Interest payable on Demand 
Deposit Accounts will be at the 
net rate of 5.5% per annum - 
equivalent to a gross rate of 
7.746% p.a. to base rate taxpayers. 

"llg) Bank of Wales 

9? PLC 

Bead Office: 114-1 16 St Vary Street, CartUtf CFl 1XJ 

36 5 p. Harris Queensway was 
down lOp to 244p as toe rump 
of its rights issue was placed. 

S&W Berisfo rd added 3p to 
231 p as Hillsdown sold its 
stake on to Ferruzzi which has 
23.74 per cent of Berisford. 

Reed International, report- 
ing next Wednesday, im- 
proved 7p to 824p. Process 
Systems jumped 46p to 58p 
after a profits warning. Siebe, 
attempting to acquire APV, 
saw its shares rise 25p to 91 Sp 
in response to near doubled 

Coalite rose 7p more to 
268pon further reaction to toe 
results but encouraging annual 
meeting statements did little 
for Freemans at 400p down 
i6p, BAT Industries 7p lower 
at 378p and Reddtt&Colman 


Haggas (J) n«p) 
ipeco fi20p) 


Monotype ( 

Mustwlb (I05p) 
Realy Useful [330p) 
Savage (100p) 
Splash Prods (72p) 
Templeton (2l5p 
Tech Project (14 
Tip Top Drug (leap) 
Usher (Frank) flOOpj 

we dooms (tap) 

2p down at 822p. 

Bid hopes revived Martin 
Ford at 70p up 6p. Metal 
Closures, unchanged at 193p, 
recovered an early lOp fail 
while waiting for takeover 
developments from John 

Asset injection hopes excit- 
ed Helical Bar at 204p up 9p 
while Alfred Walker climbed 
20p to 140p as Mr Peter de 
Savary increased his holding 
to 25 per cent 

Speculative demand stimu- 
lated Woodhonse Rixson at 
87p, Bassett at 191p and 
Bromsgrore at U7p — be- 
tween 6p and 9p firmer. 
Hallite improved 7p to 250p. 

Profit-taking cut lOp from 
Be (grave Holdings at I I3p but 
Brent Walker shares were 

Worcester fllOp) 
WSckes (140p) 


Burnish Off NIP 
Cater ABan N IP 
Groan (J) N jP 
Foedex N IP 

Burnett In 
Irish sale 

By Cliff Feltham i 

Burnett & Hall am shire, the 
cash-starved Sheffield mining I 
group, is selling its lignite 
mining interests in Northern 
Ireland to BP Coal for £7.8 
million. This follows sales of 
other parts of toe group, 
aimed at cutting borrowings. 

BP will take over its 
prospecting and restricted 
mining licences for the esti- 
mated 400 million-tonne de- 
posit at Crumlin, Co Antrim. 
The deal also includes geologi- 
cal survey data and 600 acres 
The company said that 
while Crumlin's prospects re- 
mained excellent, it could no 
longer carry the £1 million 
annual cost of toe investment 
Burnett has been under 
threat from toe Anglo United 
Development Corporation, a 
mining operator, which wants 
to bid £40 million for Burnett 
— once it has received detailed 
information about parts of toe 
business. But Burnett has 
refiised to hand over toe 

Groan (J) N/P 
Foedex N/P 
Harris Qway N/P 
President Em F/P 
Flamers F/P 
Robinson (7) N/P 
Rosehaugn N/P 
Rotaprint N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 


Mr Roger Horton 

Alfred McAIpine Homes: Mr 
Roger Horton Iras become 
managing director, retirement 
homes division. 

J H Minet & Co: Mr 
Dominic Smyth has been 
made divisional director, fine 
arts and jewellery division. 

Peninsular & Oriental 
Steam Navigation: Mr K St 
Johnston has joined the 

Tucker Fasteners: Mr Brian 
S tamm ers has become direc- 
tor, manufacturing and 


marked up 9p to 160p on 
reports of a favourable circu- 
lar next week. 

Wedgwood lost 7p to 356p 
awaiting bid developments. 
Wootworth declined 25p to 
835p on (be absence of a fresh 
offer from Dixons. 

Percy BQtou gained 14p to 
276p after confirmation that 
Clayform had acquired a near 
4 per cent stake. 

Wednesday's profit set- 
backs knocked 1 8p more from 
Harrisons & Crosfield at 360p 
and 1 3p from Air Call at 234p. 
M & G Group advanced 30p 
to 850p after a 38 per cent 
earnings expansion and 3-fbr- 
1 scrip proposals. Grand Cen- 
tral put on 4p to 42f6p. 

Mixed Oils had BP down 7p 
to 378p on the acquisulion of 
Burnett and HaUamsbire's 
coal interests. 

Midland brewer Wolver- 
hampton and Dudley hard- 
ened 2p to 505p after a 21 per 
cent profits increase but others 
in the sector lost 5p to lOp. 

Phteom added 3p to 30p on 
the possible sale of a subsid- 

Government stocks ended 
with modest falls of an eighth 
or so in spite of optimism on! 
interest rates. 

Chrysler to 
lift stake 
in Maserati 

From John Earle, Rome 

Chrysler is increasing to 15.6 
per cent its 3.5 per cent stake: 
in Maserati, the Italian maker- 
of sports and Innocenti cars. It 
has also secured an option to* 
take control of Maserati in 10! 

Under an agreement signed 
in Detroit Maserati will pro-, 
duce for Chrysler 6,000 unitsa 
year for five years of a new car 
for the North American mar- 
ket and also supply it with 
two types of engine - between 
4,000 and 6,000 a year of a’ 
four-cylinder engine, and be- 
tween 10,000 and* 15.000 a; 
year of a six-cylinder engine. 

The orders will be worth; 
about 1,360 billion lire (£590 
million) to Maserati. 

Chrysler, which will in- 
crease its stake to 48 per cent, 
in 1989, will be able to raise 
this to 5 1 per cent in January, 

A 0.65 per cent share re- 
mains with BL as a relic from 
the 1970s when.Innocenti was- 
under British control. 



15%% Guaranteed Notes Due July 1, 1989 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that pursuant to the provisions of Article Three 
of the Indenture dated as of July 1. 1981, among Pacific Lighting Interna- 
tional Finance N.V. (the "Company"), Southern California Gas Company, 
as successor Guarantor, and Bank of America National T rust and Savings 
Association, as Trustee, all of the Company's 15%% Guaranteed Notes 
due July 1, 1989 (the "Notes") that are presently outstanding under the 
indenture will be redeemed on July 1. 1986 (the "redemption date") at a 
redemption price of 101.50% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued 
Interest to the redemption date. 

As of the date of this notice, there are $65,000,000 aggregate principal 
amount of Notes outstanding. 

On the redemption date, the redemption price will become and be due 
and payable upon each Note in such coin or currency of the United States 
of America as at the time of payment is legal tender for the payment of 
public and private debts therein. Interest on the Notes will cease to accrue 
on and after the redemption date. Payment of the redemption price will be 
made on and after Tuesday, July 1, 1986, upon presentation and surrender 
of the Notes, together with all appurtenant coupons maturing subsequent 
to July 1, 1986 at the offices of any of the following paying agencies: 

BankAm erica Trust Company 
of New York 
40 Broad Street 
New York, New York 10004 
United States of America 
Attn: Corporate -Trust Operations 
2nd Floor 

Bank of America NT and SA 
2 Boulevard de la Woluwe 
8-1150 Brussels, Belgium 

Bank of America NT and SA 
43/47 Avenue de la Grande Armea 
75782 Paris, Cedex 16, France 

Banca d'America e d'ltalia 
Rome Branch 
Largo Tritone 161, 00187 
Rome, Italy 
Attn: Securities Dept. 

Bank of America NT and SA 
25 Cannon Street 
London EC2P 4 HN, England 
Attn: John Hopper, Settlement DepL 

Bank of America NT and SA . 
Marnzer Landstrasse 46 
P. 0. Box 110243 
Frankfurt, West Germany 

Swiss Bank Corporation 
Corporate Finance Division GM 
6 Aeschenpiatz 
CH-4002 Basle, Switzerland 

Bank of America NT and SA 
Amsterdam Branch (6004) 
617/629 Keizersgracht 
P. 0. Box 1638 
1000 BP Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 

SA Luxembourgeoise 
43, Boulevard Royal 
R. C. Luxembourg 
No. B. 6395 

All unpaid interest installments represented by coupons which shall have 
matured on or prior to the redemption date shall continue to be payable to 
the bearers of such coupons severally and respectively, and the amounts 
payable to the holders of Notes presented for redemption shall not include 
such unpaid installments of interest unless coupons representing such in- 
stallments shall accompany the Notes presented for redemption. 

Payment at any paying agency outside the United States will be made, at 
the direction of the holder, by check or bank draft drawn on, or transfer to 
a United States dollar account maintained by the payee with, a bank in the 
Borough of Manhattan, the City of New York. 

Any payment made within the United States, including a payment made 
by transfer to an account maintained by the payee with a bank in the 
United States or by a dollar check drawn on a bank account in the United 
States, may be subject to reporting to the United States Internal Revenue 
Service (IRS) and to backup withholding of 20% if payees not recognized 
as exempt recipients fail to provide the paying agent with an executed IRS 
Form W-8 in the case of a norv-u.S. person or an executed IRS Form W-9 
In the case of a U.S. person, those holders who are required to provide 
their correct taxpayer identification number on IRS Form W-9 and who fail 
to do so may also be subject to an IRS penalty of U.S. $50. Accordingly, 
please provide all appropriate certification when presenting Notes for 
pay men l 



National Trust And Savings Association 


Dated: May 30, 1986 

d. But \ 
s left 
>p anti 
ip after 
ng by 

which . 

to a 38 W 
: and a 
we on 
ler 45p 

smb at 
ti Rell- 
lOp to 
.tat tbe 
med 8p 
L New- 
a quiet ' 
rice of it 

is were 
Not ton 
t 49pL 
’strad- . 

7 P ,1 

tong at 


rad 03 

r-7 per in 

23 K-r 

46 +2 nd 

3-3 7-i 

590 '*= r 

2 his 

Derating — i 
ofit was — 
was 781 . 

4VEST- — 
toe six 
he divi- t& ' 

! I0.8p__ 
n £000, 
16.740 — 

mds — 
■0) and — 
(1,610), ^ | 
on was '*1 
on ex- " 

5) and 

_ I 
! I 







Too much 
talk, not 
t rimming 

By Teresa Poole 

The small business community has given 
a lukewarm welcome to Lord Young's 
White Paper on deregulation, published 
last week, which aims to cut unecessary 
red tape and to create a business 
environment in which small firms will 

Though there is overwhelming sup- 
port among the small business lobby 
groups for attacking superfluous bureau- 
cracy, the White Papa 1 is criticized by 
many for merely repeating the 
Government's good intentions without 
coming up with enough specific sugges- 
tions for action. 

Building Bitsinesses...Not Barriers 
contains SI proposals, many of which 
involve further studies, in particular a 
main review of VAT policy. The main 
items in the White Paper include making 
it easier to change the use of a building 
without planning permission, introduc- 
ing a £25 fee to take a case to an 
industrial tribunal exempting firms with 
fewer than 10 employees from having to 
keep a job open for women on maternity 
leave and simplifying the form and 
content of small company accounts. 

The paper also gives details of the 
Central Task Force set up by the 
Department of Employment to monitor 
all new legislation for its impact on 
business. In each case the cost to 
industry must be estimated and any 
scope considered for making specific 
provisions for small firms such as 
exempting them from the regulation's 

This is how some groups reacted: 

• The Forum for Private Business 
commented that almost three-quarters of 
the main proposals are devoted to fringe 
problem areas or issues affecting minor- 

Lord Yc 

left: His 
Paper on 

deregulation aims to 
cot red tape, 
Michael GryQs 
chairman of the 
Small B usiness 
Bureau: “We need 
more weight given to 
deregulation units 
withm government 

ily industries such as agriculture, trans- 
port and radio. It criticizes the 

concentration on deregulation rather 
than simplification and claims that the 
10% hours of paperwork burdening the 
average small business owner will be left 
almost untouched. 

Gerry Dowds, of the Fonim, said: 
“Deregulation deals with fringe areas 
whereas simplification deals with the 
basics. I’ve not met one small business- 
man who has had one good thing to say 
about dismantling the employment pro- 
tection. We do not want second-class 
employees and second-class customers." 

instead, the Forum wants a substantial 
increase in the VAT threshold and a new 
legal identitiy for small firms. 

• The verdict from Conservative MP 
Michael Grylls, chairman of the Small 
Business Bureau, is “so far. so good” but 
he admits that the paper appears to be a 

The paper seems to 
mean a field day for 
studies and surveys 
rather than 
concentrated action 9 

field day for consultations, surveys and 
studies rather than concentrated action. 

"What we need to see is a good deal 
more weight given to each of the 
deregulation units within each Govern- 
ment department," be said and suggested 
that in each a minister should have 
particular responsibility for 

• The National Federation of Self- 
Employed and Small Businesses wel- 

comed the further initiative but would 
like to see more concentration on the 
role that small businesses play as unpaid 
tax collectors for the Government. 

• The Association of British Cham- 
bers of Commerce said that the White 
Paper contains some useful and practical 
proposals but "some of the measures are 
minor and will do little to promote the 
enterprise culture both we and the 
Government want.” 

Though it supports Lord Young’s 
efforts, the association wants a speedier 
introduction of cash accounting for VAT 
and a review of the heavy penalties for 
breaching the sick-pay rules. On employ- 
ment legislation it wants a uniform 
definition of small firms for where there 
is some form of exemption as in 
maternity leave and disciplinery matters. 

• Barry Baldwin, national chairman at 
the Union of Independent Companies, 
found the paper encouraging. He said the 
Government had done reasonably well 
since Lifting the Burden, last year’s 
deregulation White Paper, although be 
was disappointed at the decision not to 
lift the small companies audit 

in many people's eyes, the new task 
force is likely to be the most effective 
weapon against red tape. There should be 
more emphasis on stopping new poorly 
formulated new legislations than on 
dismantling existing laws. The Data 
Protection Act, which has caused consid- 
erable trouble for small companies, is a 
pertinent example given that the deci- 
sion to investigate its impact on small 
business was not made until after the 
dosing date for registration. 

Hie registrar’s consideration of the 
need for simplified registration forms is 
seen as coming rather later in the day. 


An R jm.. 

“If I didn't get it, I wouldn't have beat 
able to afford a holiday — now I've got 
it, I shan't have time for one!" 

Minority aid 

■ The Ethnic Minority Business 
Development Unit at the City of London 
Polytechnic — the first of its kind in 
Britain — has its official opening on 
Monday after four months of 
successfully running business education 
courses for would-be Afro-Carribean 
and Asian business people who have 
never had any managerial training. 

Modelled on similar US ventures, the 
development unit aims to tackle the 
under-representation of black people 
at managerial level and at the head of 
owner-manager businesses. Its 
management training courses cover 
practical training in tne basics for 
setting up or expanding a business but 


are also designed to deal with 
difficulties particular to members of the 
ethnic communities. 

The courses are free to people living 
in the Inner London Education Authority 
area but demand has already built up 
and the first available places are in 
October. The director, Uoyd Mur- 
Green, hopes that more than 200 people 
will have completed the course by the • 
end of the year. The current programme 
runs for eight sessions, which are held 
two evenings a week. 

• Contact The Ethnic Minority 
Business Development Unit Room 125, 
100 The Minories, Tower Hill, London 
EC3N 1 JY (01 -283 1030, ext 456) 


Buy a 

Swimming Pool 

The SPATA logo is your assurance of 
quality and reliability. Only SPATA 
members can offer SPATASURE - 
exclusive guarantee. 

Membership list and handbook from 
Mr T. Lingham, 

SPATA, 01-291 3455 (24hrs) 


Mnmzes hnriiny. ctenra and (IwNuk. 

Easfy remand vtwi (pod weather arrives. 

Roimaflr priced. 

Sand tar deleft tram the Mamdaduas;- 
IWr St, Barton in tin Ba m, jh— t o n . WawiviiMo 
Tot 0455 619181 (241 R) 



Uffia ORDERS WZ 3 Bed 
P**" P-b- Nock. CUM to a c. 
tattes d Honing (HI Gan. 
JMfc com grins 6 Mom. 
Undfggmd Pbiq Co. LaL 6-12 
mrtts. £200 aw. 

rofflMN SQUARE, W.1 Su- 
oerb 6th fir 2/3 bed ftd ei pj). 
tta*. BaarfUy Aim. Coon 
<pw & tains out Tan. Lift. 
Co. UL 3/B mas. £600 p.w. 

01-631 5313 


46fl * IOR high. Suitable Car 
poab up 10 I8fl x 360- £1260. 
TO 04243 5744. 


AMEMCAM Bank urgently Fr- 
owns luxury flab and Moua 
(ram £200 - £1.000 pw. Rug 
Burgess Estate Agnus S81 5136 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flab A 
house*. CXMbu. Kniohfcbnrige. 
BrtwatlO- £200-£2.000pw. 
Tel: Buiyas 681 5136. 

■LOaMMUtY MCW> Near BM. 
Sunny spoOfSI I bed. 
washwr.'dryer £136 per 
u*T«; 01 SB9 6908 

DOCKLANDS Houses and flab 
inrauotimn Die Docklands area 
DorUeitti Property Centre 01 
488 4882- 

KEW GARDENS. Pel Via torn 
Is* 6 beds. 3 baltn. new decs, 
dose lube Smt Ew and fcun- 
Uy. £496 pw. Priory: 940 4S6S 


most lux Iona short term apb. 
1 week - 1 year, i.fl bed* - 
WT.P Ol 936 9512. 

SOUTH KEN Charming mews, 
flaL rate bedroom, recep. KU A 
hath. 6 12 mms. £140 pw Oi- 
581 B9T7 

ST. JOHN'S WOOD, i bed flat 
Superbly furnished and 
eg tapped. £165 pw. CO, let 
only. Tel: 01 286 0994. 

SWL Charming 1st floor flaL 1 
dMe bed. study. 2 nd bed. recap. 
K&B. ad ntHHiMP. CO tot £2SO 
PW OOO JCH 828 0040 

SW3. Nr Kfam Rd Attractively 
furn I bedim (to. Company/ 
Embassy let £100 pur. TeL552 
6496 or0e6&£3 147. 

SWISS COTTABC lux town Howe 
3 bed. 2 bam. irg beats reep. 
W 6 9dn. sheet - long let from 
C3MPW. Ol 485 4266 

937 SCSI The number to remem- 
Mr when treking best rental 
propfTWs tn central and urtmt 
London atms £lfiO/£3jQ0Qpw. 

charming lux a Bed Town- 
house 2balhs.adn.pkln9.0nly 
£280 pw tad. Ol -675 1896 m. 

■Ion of charming fully I urn | 
bed opts, in mod complex. From 
it tb pw ind. 01 -676 ISM m 

A BAROAIM DMe bedsit nr nine, 
own UL no BUK. £36 pw. Oth- 
ers dflT 8610 Homefocalarv. 

ine 1 IM Bat. Balcony. £3 lO 
pw. 01362 1972 oiler 6 pm. 

FAMI LY 3 bedim pome, phene. 
TV. garden, pels ok. tiao aw. 

Other* 607 M 10 HanMoeaura 

******* Bedec 2 bedim dal 
*rasnw pnane " tuoo £86 pw 
oowra 6Z7 aoio Ho cnehioanra. 


C1R5WKK. Luxury gmd floor 2 
bed IW. me 

comer* a Tory .■ duuno room, excl 
me Of TOR gdn. F-f to me. 
m, wave, d.' washer. C/T.V.. 
video and en tunc shower in 
matter bedrm. Owner abroad 
tor 1 year. £186 pw. Pnef Co 
Lei. Sue 995 9632. No agents 


nirare supplied for snort or long 
lots Large stocks, immediate 
delivery. Call Mr Michael 
Norburv John Strand Con- 
tracts Lid. Tel 01-486 8615. 
bed flaL Lower gmd floor, tn 
magnificent Nash Use. Cxuid- 
sttety (untuned and eq ta pped. 
3/6 monms. £286 pw. Co. let. 
Day 278 9897; eves 723 6624. 
currently seeking good quality 
rental accomreodanoa In 
central London (or waiting 
company tenants 01-937 9681 . 
CHELSEA SWS Fabulous F.'F I 
bedrm flaL recep. and KK wun 
wasti-ruad,. £12600 pw. 
co.Ltd. avad tanned. TdSSB 
9 64t IW| 361 5208 (HI 
HAW IU UMI1I L Sunny s ec u re 

2 bedroom flat tn pb Mock. Por- 
terage. Constant HW and CM. 
Excellent commimKattaH. 
£125 pw. TfT Ol 60S 6187 

KENSMBTDN W8 Brtgtx flat tn 
9 Mel location off Oiurch Street. 

3 rooms KID. All new rural- 
lure C22CPW Ol 499 9610 
day -049163 260 eve* 

visitor to ahr. lux 2 bed flat, 
o/r.nansmak. Jun-Ocianly. Nr 

tube. £43ow excl. THAI «0 
6776 a n 7.0 0 pm or W 'end 
TOWER BRIDGE Large el e gan t 
studio flal. beautifully 
equipped. Prestigious buUdtng. 
Sum Guy Executive. £i35pw. 
Tel: 0480 50648. 

W 11. Maboneor In smart Vic- 
torian vina. 3 beds, every 
comfort. Holland Park lube 5 
nuns. £180 pw. Co let Tel: 727 
6388 or 486 7733. 

1 bedrm rccpL 
phone, gdn. CSI pw. Other* 
627 2610 Homciocatore 7 days. 
MCMCA1E Tube 5 nuns. s/c. 2 
bedroom im. c/h. £100 pw 
TeKH-SoO 4813 or 444 0601 
HOLLAND PK. dunning 1 bed 
ftai. Gmd fir. patio. £1 ib pw. 
Tab Ol 373 0667.373 7141. 

LAMA 607 9381. StarcUm of 
Itrxurkxn flats houses from 
£160 - £500. 

MAMA VALE. 2. 3 bedrm mews 
met with garages From mn 
pw Detaos W.T.P. 936 9612. 
MODERN garden flat rend TV 
heating phone £lOOpw. Omars 
627 2610 Homefocators MU 9. 
RE CENTS PARK - Overlooking, 
lux mod turn studio. KAB. 
£136 pw. 01-437 7619. 
RICHMOND/ NEW. 4.6 bob. 
mottomiurn. town house. For 
CO W. £296 pw 01-947 1666 
*T. JOHN'S WOOD. Superb mass. 
2 nr. 2 Beds. kK.dhv. utUhy, 
C4T port. £180 pw. 821-0417 
SW8 Private Close tor tae 6 bed 
2 racer* garden * qge. £280 
p.w. neg. Tei-tJl 937 B611 
TW* YO*JN rial or me best 
2*: duplex * houses in Lon- 
don 089 64si rrj. 


Charming maisonette recently 
redBCoraeri. fureshed or un- 
lumtshed, 3 teds. 2 baths, 
tegs recemon. kitchen amt 
tag sunny tenwe. £300 par 
week. conxHiy let (No 

878 3814. 
or 584 0030 

HARM VALE wpnrb tax flat 2 
meoarodne beds, lad drmto g 
rm and study, very urge recepL 
Pierre Cardin furnlhre. tocuzzl 

gdns. £350 pw ram 1 yr. teto- 
phoae 0202 22426 

F.RLttAPP (Maos 

I regutre pr o perties in central 
south and wm London anas 
for watting aaphcanis.oi -221 

lux nan/noaes: ssxxt - ciooo 
p w. Usual fees req. PttUUps 
Kay & Lewis. South of Use Park. 
Chelsea office. 01-362 8111 or 
North of me Park. 

Park Office. 01-586 

at *T Joems aeooo, spactoss 3 
bedroom flat dtuated dose to 
station. Large recep. idichen. 
. bathroom and shower room. 
Lid and p o rt eia ge. ZSBO pw. 
Tel: 205 6321. 

I dMe bedroom ool toe Recep. 

K & 8. Fatty furnished. £170 
pw. Avan now. Co Lei only. 
Tel: 01 629 7777 Ext 3234 Or 
243 0603. 

For the best 


hi pri me London rml 


■UfiftTE VBIML ■> 

Terraced house wMi 
and roof t*r, 
doors to | " 


Company teas*. AvaH now 
£400 pm. 


xn nr.. onwHnor 


bedrm*. 2 bath. 

MAN. Mature, needs stir con- 
tamed Centra London j 
May suit landlord where light 
nse A meticulous care more Im- 
portant than high rani. Ktgbest 
references. 01-216 7230 day. 
01-821 6480 weekends. 

rd. SW1. 01-828 8251. 

Lose S/C dMe studio apt with 
River view. CH. CHW. porter- 
age. TV. shower, wash ingrh. 
£96 pw Ind. TefcOl 870 061 A. 

avail. A read, (or dtptonud*. 
executives. Long A short lets tn 
Ml areas Upfiiend & Co. 48. 
AttMsnarteSi Wl. 01-4998334. 

UAM P STEAD Finchley Rd. Su- 
perb Oat ruay An and ooutp. 2 
dMe bedr*. toe lounge, kit A 
bath. Balcony. Mce g ard en , 
own C/H end tel. Careful ten- 
ant no sharers. LlSOa-w. Tel 
01-794 3594. 

Otarmlng Mews Me close to 
Lycee. 4 beds, sitting rm. mntng 
rm. mod ML mnery utWiy 
rm. 2 hams. oeuo. Avail June 
Long Ollel £500 pw Mas kells: 
Ol 501 2216. 

Crathord from page 28 






visa* & Aptftn»ito item 

£196 I « week. 

Call Now 

0923 674310 

ALGARVE authors duplex sea 
shore Itsbtng village suit coo- 
Pto. Prom £173 PW To! 0489 

17 JULr 2 was Aigarv* «na wtoi 
pool tor 14 Includes 2 mams 6 
rook Hthrw n» Pauner & 
Parker Ol 493 5725 

ALGARVE, Apt. wun superb 
ocean view tn deluxe vmaiaia 
nimotoa. All amenities tne rest 
2poota. prtv. beach Avail June 
Oct Ol 409 2836. VUL) World. 

VLAMOURA g.c. Pnvale villa 
s*PS 8 July 24. 2 WkS 6 Sept 4 - 
2 wfc*. Tct:0Bl299 6016 

*6XRVa vuia wun pool and 
Maid service. Vacancies 

i¥S^. U9u, ‘- Trt 0903 


*««« WLLA curious 
Vr-». Sto , 8 Pool mau. Nr. 

rttouwre. Avon anon- 86 . 
TO: 0787 47216a 

ALGARVE. Lux sWa with pool. 
rn a Avail Aug -’Sept. Ol 409 
2838. V ma World. 

VALE DO LORO 3 bedrm villa 


R CORNWALL nmagr. * dMe 
bedroom*, ovwtooklstg large 
sandy beach, tonal era tor en 
Due to cancdiattofli avau 3-10 
Jane. 622 July A 619 Aug A 
Sept onwards. Tel: 01-726 
466? i0373 812262 « w.el 


PAMWICX beatfliiu nouse bo- 
iwnn Stroud and OieWrntiani 
somunded by mies of Mon- 
alTrusiiand Sleeps 6. JUJOOO 
pw Irom odd July - odd August 
TeL 10482) 812178 



mod m utfd cottage to dogp up 
to 4. Ctose to shops and 300 
yaras from private beach wtth 
irtty. Meal lor boating (amity. 


BATH FESTIVAL acct miwi oda- 
Wto Lama Place KoteL 
Central. Sunuxuocaly elegant 
lBh Cent House- 0228 63816. 


PONT MADOC Ideaillc MCnur 
side flats, sleeps 4, 6 vacancies 
now. 02446 70677 


SEERCTARKS for Arttdtocti A 

Rec. Cons. Ol 734 0532 



cook/helper tor family lodge. 
August sat to 2401. car tolver. 
Ring 01-382 9439 or 0462 

COOK Trained Corner BMu or 
sw wi ar required pen rime. 9-30 
~2JXJ. 5 days per week tor pro- 
office hi Coven! 
to provide lunch for 
20 staff and p art ner s 
tong - MR* Sharpen on 01-836 


87 Regent StraeLLondoa Wl. 
Ter 439 6634.UK/Ov r i rj «aa 
Also m-htopa/doms temp/perm 
87 Regent flu o a LLondon Wl. 
Tel 439 6S34.UK, Overseas. 
ADO mMPs/doms tomn/perni 

C wrtwri w page 30 




squash, ridng. tootbsE 
snooker. Fufty Hcancad. 
5 acres F/H. HarefleW. 
Middx. E275^0a 

01-903 4525. 


Mam Road. Londo n . SE1. 
Wefl esoMished. Turnover 
SOjOOO px No experience 
nee d ed, as training ejwp. 
Newly decorated living 
account. Price £79JX)0 LO 
include freehold. 



Based mGOftAJden Ketch, at 
Presem operahng in Tiakay. 
Extremely suctsssfuL Uy 
boated busmess bab&ma 9 
yevs. BURL 

0590 73307. 


Manchester's nicest most kturt- 
targes A busies m fla n 
msbuanr s a going coocbil Tha 
most Mas equqansit. Good tixn- 
onr. ExctataK proSs. Exeanem 
chefs & oibv stel. u heat* 
ta wM s alL Only ge naxie p er- 
bes nafing to spend ei excess of 

Please write to BOX K38 lor Hr- 
Our detafa. 

Predomina nt ly freohMd with 
now purnoea bum UrencM tort 
food reatauram It rabid oam- 
nwrcbi urcrttraenl on prtma 
quarter acre aland Me. Bney 
mam road p» n H»n . Currati&y 
produang £ 26.000 net Income 
w wtoi iramujax rent reviews. 
£196.000. Reply to BOX C17 . 


Ensunogroani works nagi 
ny; Ttriwtantiaf wholly owned 
plant A egtasnwt eewrthhed 
20 yrs. Oood profits on a Dm 
onimgl turnover pma MOemnus 
potonllal from urge cHhii base. 
Genuine ezxnnm from prtna- 
pa a only . Re ply to BO X 065 . 

raM & flat in Cornttfa natung 
viBoge. Good cooWng by 
■amateur owners' T/O 
£60.000. GP 6L=o NP 
£18.000. Real pmeiwiM fer 
more £77.000. Full parueuUre 
(06051 73780. 

errea + cSOO Mil. Mod 1832 4 
bed hie. Sheep ante pomes 
trout SuMdtos (Management 
rJggQjQOO. 0639 730828/899. 

SMALL P HH f Ttmi busmen ta 
Weymouth. Dotjrt. TeL 0305 




Q Have you ever bought 2 of 30 leading slocks and the one 
you bought goes down while the others go up? 

Q Have you ever felt the stock market would go upon a . 

p^xr jf» tar day, but were unable to capitalise on your feelings? 

If so, stock index options can be the solution. 

With Limited Risk, and a high profit potential, these options offer 
the ultimate in Speculating on the daily movements of 
the stock market. CaH or Write: . 


Ames House. 6 Duke of York Street. London SW1 6LA Tel: fl 1-839 2598 

ussnt g ^ fWjff£aHSt a » 


a pDwumn nm iaiw inw 

Ff^nw, aw itatiri tetaft ctoaffMi * OK&m gayB, 


3. ' Exaoatrt gaiad fg mw wm. 


Omaum s rt ami ao fl Hass am W rvraut. 

of British 

14 Chalet , 

■enfOBr HaaU CBU3S OTC 


If you sell - Fashions - Home 
and Leisure Products - D.LY. - 
Furniture - Carpets - Kitchens - 
Garden Equipment or have any 
stock you need to sell 

WE OFFER YOU 250,000 

®~ •* 





In the month of May we are committed to lending 
£5m. Our mam interests of business ate: 

Venture Capital 
Equity finance 

Commercial and Indnstrial Finance 
Commercial Remortgages 

ment or flexibility? If you fed that we can assist os 
any of the above services, please do not hesitate to 
contact Nick Francis or Warwick Bran on 021 
643 2045. Thor Investments TimiMri, White 
House, 1 1 1 New Street, Birmingham B2 4EU. 


for the acquMfo n of private co mpan ies. WfR con- 
sider joint ventures with estabfished companies 
OF-renOy under finanoed. Retirement sales and men- 
agement buyouts espectafly welcomed. Private 
share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01-935 5795 or 486 6139. 


A business I can ran easily from home, with unSmfted 
potential, an exclusive area, regular repeat orders, high 
profit margins, positive cash flow, minimal overheads, no 
stock requirement and over £100 per day. profit It can 
work for you too. - 

For details send , a 9x4 SAE to The Matatmg Dfredtor, 
Scorpion House, High -St, Tifvey, Bedford MK43 BOB. 


noBtatet corapgny baaad NE Sunvy - w*g« ragdlcta rataHtadian 
products. Tumowgr EOS raWon. orer 79W exports to fiarmanjr. Jtpct, 
USA. otc. PDotUn lor ftrtiar mm In apecMM oaitiatt. u»orfqr 
BtertK ma^ettpurrttosgr mOi retaurcKto naire U potortW 
end cowgriteg dutocpotont of ngw produote App 


Sorrgy ICn 10T - TatophoMfn^W 6882/3/4 

Invest in a compact portable gfazfcig machine. 

• • High profit margin 
' Endtess potential. 

* Can be worked from home. • 


For further details telephone:- 

Wfl 4821 er erita Mctatag targe SAE to POTTERY 
pomwins LTD, Brya I tatR. iftt Mreteata, Hetyh aa rt . tagtes 



Medium size heavy 
wtth 50/1 
level requlrei 
purchase by Corporate 

95927 69106. 

n size neavy 
■ring company 
1/100 employee 
required for 


£130.000 cash and 
coDaterol seeks ac- 
tive involvement in 
existing business or 
start up. Reply to 
BOX D99. 

A8SNCT WAHID tn the Nora 
West. Small warehouse & trans- 
port avotaue. Repty to BOX 





The Gold of the 80's. A 
unique and unprecedented 
opportunity to invest in one 
of the fastest growing areas 
in the U.S A. through a long 
established Company with a 
proven track record. 

Prindpafs orriy, should ei- 
ther telephone 0242 
524488, or write to The 
Managing Director, Televi- 
sion Property Productions 
Ltd, Kings House, 127, The 
Promenade. Cheltenham, 
Gtos 050 1NW, England. 


it is possible to turn 
£1000 into £10,000 
very quickly. Low 
known risk. - 

01-930 0732 


€50000. Exc-tratfing 
results, patents! 

100% PA.-K 
Reply .with phone no. to 
new ms, 

TO l 

London El 

:1 900. 


by maiketing a raw 
product For confiden- 
tial details please send 
a sae to BOX D61. 

WOBUNG numn/nn'totor 
reomred tor rapKQy xxoanatag 
camwiqr in baoiroiin produce 
•ircatfy esttbiwied in UK nur- 
lw< but nardtng awni wi 
cawai It managtiBMl/sBlH ox- 
pertar. hnmmeM reaulred 
60000 u £8O£>0 ever t2 
raonm pci-tod. Reply to BOX 

P 71- 

W P OO N e* I WI ngcnlng aocn. 
Rime ate Wlnuwflan SWI9. 
Most trades. Stofls available. 
Phone; 01-834 3612 9 Warn - 
6.00 pm only. 

rawER'i r DCHLomnrr. b» 

Informed A succeed. The Prop- 
my Devetopoent Review. 
Camtolder to zz» 3124ST. 


D ym future Is untet e m tag tar. 
yoL ym shotad te comtag kms. 
Jew an atosady sucowsftri teem 
a agents atthin one of Britan's 
fastest mustang Internes. 
Part/fotti nie for svparti ftanett 

BM3S Z7» BP to 8 PSL 

JOH A RBRimmr Company 
as > self «mptayed cnneutiam 
worWbg hem borne. You wfll 
now perso n nel far vacancies 
WWW by in. unto towst- 
man £%jOOQ- FMRHH 9 lull Ud. 

COB7WS Hie. Bromiey Com- 
mon. .Kent. 02-460 9121. 

TACT* reqpReu for Patented 
ertnder for buflotog surfaces 
Wrtle;. Luode Invest Oy. 
PetOwnde I. 01720 ~ - 



fBtm tea oorapamsqiriywteectta 
KcnotL' type of yopvty aeri M 

For baiter Adis i» 

0272 743710/74353$ . 
quoitag Ntanm 40L 
■R*ed or c envi eB ut of km 
ReddMe Assodeks. 

82c WMteteJtee Baad, 
Bristol, BSS30N 


Ring James Kennedy Anodates 
«iOI M2 94624X1 28 tar reft- 
abto. proCesanaal an vice. 


Small company in Essex has 
capacity available for turning 
and milling, manual and 
CNC. Quality and delivery 

telephone (0279) 35867 

Ctoi 4d/te « n IriMb . . 

THE ATHLETES FOOT spert mis {stem ad teaftel w£B 

of 5W stores In dm VS- AottreS*. New 

Zaltd id 35 Stole* to Fran 

• Hard Union adrerttatag 

OKr.baenKBtvmal argaaaaitoe taUbmtg femtkt Monty amdaR 
the tmanag opparaama of a mk penomaace mnnion 
3 . IX to e w iir 

Ttb 33X47.m3L82 




pmdto Mria ATHLETES FOOT 1>L 

H Uaeda to Hrifc In* SOA Mte 

FROM £110 jxw. incL 
(spacious 2 person office} 

UP TO 20,000 SO. FT. 

☆ Views over City ☆ Short or long term 

☆ Covered car ☆ Tel, Telex, Fax 

park avail . .. . Becept Futil 

MOVE IN TODAY! RING 01-377 5500 



There are e few opportmilies left to imp o«r sraccesfitl 
oi yuaM t i oo to sefl both AGFA and PHILIPS g 
retail trade Product range mefudet baUeriffc . 

61m. eafio A video c asg n es. The ap pre u mate 1 
during 1986are: banni« £2(XXn. Sm £300m. video i 
£I5Qm. and antfio casKttes £IG0 dl A motet to ves U iKBt a 
req uire d fir toll rrainlng . <iim»ni«m gi badc-tqi zoanage^- 
meat by NPPL 

Apply ux Saks Director 
226 Tcjgnaiotefc Rd; Tor^Bxy. Devos TQ1 4RX 
Tdqpbeoe « 


in today’s modern age of Bri m need cp pitan a rinato os can 
yog crerapeayalftxrt lo Iqbp renfaxrtstafrpot banhlB Ixstso- 
Beaad totexT SUhouette toABtrtodaeMCir. toetotiL tetoee 
and (rate opotete in telex A tocstmte msdftieto on ort- 
rlght porctuse.'leese. or rental aaOaowfcto.' ^ 

todeetrtoiCto ,91- 



Stajxttag tn 46 acres. 19 letting rooms many m state, cocktail 
bar. ramataL reatoaie* TV loange. too tantatg room h large 
lounge Hr. iwni 2 sonatti canto. Sep Hat A 6 attic roam BM 
at present men. T/O tn mass or £100000. GP 68%. 
Freehold dvaooa 

Ref HW2379 Christie & Co. 
CarmarAen Office (0267) 231196 
... Eves/weekends (D55B4) 236L 





■WirwetL For tfie _ _ _ 
twts ml caanacm tote _ 

teta Mnt ml a rearing cost d 
HR fell E2jw week eSepbone:- 
London 01 493 9337 v “ 

081 773 2246 

PS- Wk if oar customers tetre 
oadmtxtaiagitUx asm. Sate 
80S of mar MSs bf pbomagat 


We guarantee to save 
you money bn large 
photocopying jobs. 

Phone 0942 716248 
for brochure. 



cash-flow problems. 
International turn-around 
expert available now. • 

01-499 3682. 


Portable ptaȣiS7 a day! No 

CA8FH(ME5. M& hands tne, 
wtaJW.comol8d.89g a day. 
BM PC AW IBEX users Wp- 
eang. owfsaas, take your 
fac&oes w*h you. ■■ 

Ring 01-580 8371. 

cONmnniAL accpnm. ad- 

ttens naar Ganvick (nm £1 .80. 
Otfacev ane to g rooms wtai ore - 

m wertno/uxi/utox 

aervicrsL Pdooc (02931 884440 
or witte: State IS. Worth Cor- 
ner. PoundMU, crewiojr. 


Bonmgton ohoM. iMex and for- 
wanting sendees. OX 434 2860 

WK co wa nii AL ronm 

ry wn. 1 ot taflccs. C 6 acroun. 

Ol 580 8X71. 

- FAX BUMAP tor 

Hants. Sumy * Berks. Effl- 
2*1 * ™te*iihe. eracinre 
Q2B2 622416 The BB8B95.' • 



-for the best m 
business equipment, 
see Business Page 
Hus in this Sunday's 
Colour Supplement. 


+ W2 

Low pre mium 24hrac- 
cess + parking. Furn 
- carpeted offices bid 
phone/ td ex/ fax. Fr 
. . • . £7Bpw. ’ 


acitv a a wnr dnoectok 

ah . or c rani o rtncTri asranr 
wrto utaha.rtMKrawg wn 
rtrtrrd m c re ^ita euvnraa orr. 
90(1 (or ruunui Mato A 
iTTl-n— r TH 0273 2 Q3J>9 

rsiMicw umr o e *«w r» 
rtota \c«t acraaBcoa (oresan 
and maamte ai an port tana ha 
» Utci2ff> 36Za 



C —tPM li Market Tei 

a tgateted tar 26 w en ddatod 
Iteang pHiwsoo tar stay 
sot not hr SJut. eon wl 
fotototo wmd m ubii- 
cst stntads- 2 liis. Mxtanti 

£500000 FntaM. 

29 Step Straet, 


Tot (0285) 5033. 




Sdfcwaaiacd penod Udft 
5.610*1 ft lift A CEL 
Rest £37.000 pl a. 

Ue 20 jis 

01-581 1741 




Period aod reproduc t ion: 



TmaaM CeAen Nctcome 
’‘JaatOtoWDpL 9086. 
30 OtoKh Street, London ran 




lo.oaa urn. 
0B» 6224 IS Tlx 



AI .areas, to latest Sonar 
Alarm. Easy s ale at £139, 
shows earrings of up to 
200%. Detects intruders be- 
fore «hy - gwes fanastic 
demonstration No wtrmg. 
Kfsal second bw. 

Far Factyaek, tel; 

Sona r 

0367 22276 anytime. 

cstaMtolml mNoMn In die 
UeM or aporung club puobc*- 
nom has heritty rewart ta g 
ononunHiri for auxton mi K 
suer tain agents unaw areata 
to earn lim i.iwiaiilumni -rxref 
kru repaat 

rxnoH sisiiMt 

OansuUanls provhlr deftm /dc 

WtoMK -acrvice for an 
imlustrtes. Homu A—tW. 
(Joncr Chaprt. Brecon LD39KG 
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Freehold Commercial Property 
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new fridge i ntegers ai manhe 
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merty G 0 LLNK 30 WouM tne 
abOTr nareed pirate contact 
SonnfgrL of 14 Fore Street, a. 
Jusl.tivPrinwnh. Osrowall. En- 
gtand. Tel No; ( 0736 ) 788228 . 
Ref: BJ • 156 ' B 6 who tone same 
information whkJi may be of ben- 
efit to Her. 

Le Grtcr A Jackson 

The Nore Royal Naval and Royal 
Marine Children's Trust National 

The Chanty Com miss ioDres 
have made a Scheme for inis 
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By Order or the chancery 
riaied the SeventeMh day gf Feta- 
ruanr t«S6 Mr Maietam John 
London of Shelley House. 5 Noble 
are*. London ECSV 7DQ has 
boon aoDonued Lwouator of the 
above-named Gompany without ■ jL 
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(Med (Ms 70th day or May 1980. 



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television, Thames has sold program- 
mes to 126 of them. 

Here’s the list 

Abu Dhabi • Albania ■ Algeria • Angola 
Antigua ■ Argentina - Australia 
Austria ■ Bahamas ■ Bahrain • Bangla- 
desh - Barbados ■ Belgium • Benin 
Bermuda • Bolivia • Bophuthatswana 
Brazil • Brunei * Bulgaria • Burma 
Canada • Central Africa Republic 
Chile ■ Colombia ■ Congo • Costa Rica 
Cuba • Curasao • Cyprus • Czechoslov- 
akia • Denmark • Dominican Republic 
Dubai - East Germany - Ecuador 
Egypt • Eire • El Salvador - Ethiopia 
Finland - France ■ Gabon • Ghana 
Gibraltar - Greece • Gaudeloupe 
Guatemala • Holland ■ Honduras 
Hong Kong • Hungary • Iceland • India 
Indonesia - Iran • Iraq ■ Israel * Ivory 
Coast - Italy - Jamaica - Japan • Jordan 
Kenya - Kuwait - Lebanon • Liberia 
Libya • Luxembourg • Macao • Mada- 
gascar • Malaysia • Malta ■ Mauritius 
Mexico • Monaco - Morocco 
Namibia - New Zealand ■ Nicaragua 
Niger • Nigeria ■ Norway • Oman 
Panama • Pakistan • Paraguay - Peru 
Philippines - Poland • Portugal 
Puerto Rico • Qatar ■ Romania 
St Kitts ■ Saudi Arabia • Senegal 
Seychelles • Sierra Leone • Singapore 
South Africa ■ South Korea - Spain 
Sri Lanka ■ Sudan • Surinam • Swazi- 
land • Sweden ■ Switzerland - Syria 
Taiwan - Thailand • Trinidad - Tunisia 
Turkey - Uganda • Uruguay ■ United 
Kingdom • USA - USSR • Venezuela 
West Germany - Yugoslavia • Zambia 
Zanzibar ■ Zimbabwe. 

We’re working on the other eight 


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David Smith looks at ‘full employment’ in Sweden and considers the lessons for Britain 

Swedish jobs record steals 
German economic thunder 

Unemployment has takes 
over from inflation as the 
main economic policy issue in 
Britain. It could mean that the 
politicians have to turn their 
attention away from West 
Germany with zero inflation 
but an unemployment rate of 
9 per cent to Sweden with full 

Sweden has persued a policy 
of full employment since the 
immediate post-war years. 
The rate hit an unacceptably 
high 4.1 percent in September 
19S3 but is now back below 3 
per cent - a level which, 
because there will always be 
some unemployment in the 
economy as people change 

There is no stigma 
attached to official 
training schemes 

jobs, most economists would 
regard as full employment 

Indeed, in some "parts of 
Sweden the job market is very 
tight indeed. Many Stockholm 
employers are finding it diffi- 
cult to recruit either skilled or 
unskilled workers. 

Sweden's full employment 
is not accompanied by Ger- 
man style zero inflation. But 
the rale, 4.5 per cent in the 
first few months of the year 
and forecast to fell to 3 per 
cent during the second half; is 
not markedly different to that 
of Britain. 

The big difference, of 
course, is the unemployment 
rate of under 3 per cent, 
compared with more than 13 
percent in Britain. The Swed- 
ish success on unemployment 
has been achieved by the long- 

term application of labour 
market policies which are only 
now gaining acceptance in 

The Swedish model dates 
back to 1951 when two trade 
union economists, Mr Gosta 
Refan and Mr Rudolf 
Mridncr, proposed an eco- 
nomic policy for full employ- 
ment and low inflation. The 
Rebn/Meidner model had 
four main ingredients: 

1. Tight overall fiscal quality. 

2. -Solidarity” in wage policy 
— reasonable and fair, but in 
practice relatively small dif- 

3. Selectively targeted mea- 
sures to tackle unem- 

4. Measures to improve the 
mobility of labour, and to 
match labour supply and de- 
mand, including t raining and 
retraining programmes. 

Thus, 35 years ago, Sweden 
had latched on to the idea that 
while a general fiscal boost to 
the economy will set off 
inflation, measures directly 
targeted at the unemployed 
will leave the employed 
workforce, or core, unaffected 
and achieve full employment 
without inflation. 

There is considerable de- 
bate in Sweden about whether 
the model, as originally pro- 
posed, has been applied or just 
the pails that were convenient 
at different times. Even so, the 
record speaks for itself. 

rates % 

But does Sweden really 
have full employment? Dr Uu 
Jacobsson, of the Swedish 
Employers Federation, argues 
that to the recorded rate of 
open unemployment should 
be added at least the same 
Dumber again for people taken 
out of unemployment by la- 
bour market measures. 

recorded rales in the rest of 

But Mr Allan Larsson, di- 
rector general of the National 
Labour Market Board, strong- 
ly rejects thfe. The govern- 
ment labour market measures 
are mainly for retraining, he 
says, and believes there is no 

Since 1970 employment in the 
public sector has risen by 70% 

Professor Willy Bergstrom, 
of the Trade Union Institute 
for economic research, goes 
further, suggesting that -true” 
unemployment in' Sweden 
could be of the order of 1 0 per 
cent, not very different to the 

case for counting them among 
the unemployed. 

“You would not treat some- 
one tr aining to be a dentist at 
university as being among the 
hidden unemployed”, be told 
The Times. “So why adopt 

this approach for people nam- 
ing for other jobs." 

What is true is that there is 
no stigma attached to govern- 
ment naming and support 
schemes. Youth unemploy- 
ment has been reduced from 
10 per cent three years ago to 
around 4 per cent now, by a 
mixture of part-time work and 
training measures. The drop 
in youth unemployment is 
reflected in the confidence of 
Sweden's young people. 

There is, of course; another 
contrast between Sweden and 
Britain in that, while public 
sector employment in Britain 
has been pared down, in 
Sweeten h has continued to 
expand. Since 1970, public 
sector employment has in- 
creased by about 70 per cent, 
within an overall expansion of 
employment of just 10 per 

Sweden has reduced the 
pace of public sector expan- 
sion. The fiscal deficit has 
been reduced 13 per cent of 
gross domestic product in 
1982-83 to a projected 6 per 
cent for 1986-87. However, 
employment in local govern- 
ment continues to increase. 

Businessmen are anxious to 
see a lid on the public sector's 
expansion and the tax burden. 
Mr Harry Faulkner, chief 
executive of Atfa-Laval, one of 
Sweden’s leading multination- 
al companies, believes that foe 
public sector — currently 

equivalent to over half of 
gross domestic product — 
cannot expand further with- 
out choking private industry. 

Can Sweden’s foil employ- 
ment continue without a rap- 
idly expanding public sector? 
Professor BHgsmmr - thinks 
that the main imbalance ip the 
economy — too snail a manu- 
facturing sector - has to be 

Private manufacturing in- 
vestment expanded by about 
15 percent a year in 1984 and 
1985, as businessmen re- 
sponded to the favourable 
effects of the 1982 devalua- 
tion: But this year, despite 
felling interest rates, high 

‘Crunch’ feared 
without rapid 
private growth 

{unfits, high capacity utiliza- 
tion and a tax regime which 
fey oare :. investment, it: has 
tailed off - .... 

Dr Jacobsson commented: 
“The crunch may still be to 
come, probably m die next 
cyclical dtiwnnun. The public 
sector has to stop expanding”. 

But the Swedish system has 
above all learned to cope^ both 
with recession and a rise in the 
labour force. The female par- 
ticipation ratio, at neatly 70 
per cent, is amon&the highest 
in the world. 

Mr Latsson is confident 
about the future. “The private 
sector, particularly services, 
will expand, alongside a slow- 
er public sector expansion”, 
he said. “I see nothing to 
suggest we cannot ma i ntai n 
full .employment” - 


Extracts from the Chairman's speech at the Annual General Meeting 

“I expect 1986 profit 
to show renewed growth” 

Law Report May 30 J986_ 

Teachers’ duty to 
provide cover for 

S5u v Rotherham MetrepoE- 
tan Borough Coaacfl . 
Townead t Doncaster Metro- 
pofitan Borough Condi 
BaroffeMrSomraff Metropol- 
itan Comcfl 

Rathboae v Croydon London 
Borongb Council 

Before Mr Justice Scott 

pudgmeat given May 23] 

Teachers were under . a 
contractual duly to comply with 
cover anangemems for ^ab sent 
colleagues, and the defendant 

local authorities could justify 
deductions made from toe. 
plaintiff teachers' salaries a* 
equitable .set-off. arising 
their breaches afcontract, Bar 
Justice Scott held . in the Chan- 
cery Division. Accordintfy be 
dismissed, the four actions. 

Mr Bdred T ab a dnrik . 

Mr Andrew Hfl&er and 
Adrian Lynch for. the p feintif&i 
Mr David Donaldson. QC and 

Mr David P annic k fix' Roth- 
erham Doncaster Moro- 

S than Borough Councils; Mr 
nes Goodie. OC and Mr 
Patrick Elias forScxtlndl Metro- 
politan Borough Cornual; Miss. 
Elizabeth Appleby, QC ami 
Miss Geaeyra Caws for the 
London Boroogh of Croydon. - 

that the actions arose outefa 


1 The fbma mwnasjn ques tio n 
in .toe present test case, wee 
£2J7, £2.00, OJ 6 aod£3J7. . 

’ It was accepted tty both sides 
tint in order to do his or her job 
property a teacher would have 
to spend some time outside 
school hours, in marking school 
work and in prepar i ng for 

The allocation to teachers of 
non-teaching periods recognized 
their need to cany out those . 
essential aria, butwhetog or 
not nosHeadung periods were 
roarded as. sacrosanct, .toe 
| teachers a ccepted the _&ey_ 
■woyklhave to spend time 
outside school hours as wdL 


pence per share 

Dividends grew by 85% 
above UK inflation 


Looking at the prospects for 1986, 

I must stress that exchange movements are 
unpredictable and clearly affect the 
translation of our earnings into sterling, as 

was seen last year with the depreciation 
of the US dollar. However, in local 
currencies, I expect the Group to achieve 
further progress. 

Our tobacco business should increase 
its overall market share with a further 
improvement in trading profit for the year 
despite a decline in the first six months. In 

particular; increased prof its from Brown 
& Williamson will be totally concentrated 
into the second half of the year as a . 
consequence of exceptionally heavy trade 
loading at the end of 1985. B.A.T 
Cigarettenfabriken should continue to 
improve its performance in the West 
German market. In Brazil, the impact of 
the Zero Inflation Plan remains uncertain 
particularly in view of the Government’s 
refusal to allow a restoration of 
manufacturers’ margins to reasonable 
economic levels. 

The retailing environment in the US 
continues to be challenging, but the 
businesses that we are retaining are well 
placed to compete, and I expect a higher 
performance from them. Department 
stores in West Germany face another 
difficult year but Horten should show an 
improvement in profit. In the UK, Argos 
continues to produce strong growth and 
will be launching exciting new superstores 
in August. 

Wiggins Teape has made an excellent 
start to the year with profits from carbonless 

well ahead and a good contribution from 
fine papers^ but increasing pulp prices 
may partly offset this improvement. 
Appleton Papers also continues its strong 
growth and should produce significantly 
improved profits from further volume 
increases of carbonless sales and greater 
manufacturing efficiency. 

The general insurance busihes^pf 
Eagle Star will benefit from improvirig- 
market conditions in the UK and is achieving 
excellent growth in premium income. The 

rate of growth of Allied Dunbar may be 
somewhat tempered by comparison with 
the very high levels of pension business 
transacted in the pre-Budget period of 
1985, but the new permanent health 
product has proved very successful; Allied 
Dunbarfe financial surplus for the year 
should again be well ahead. 

The contribution to Group operating 
profit from Associated Companies 
continues to be important, but growth 
prospects in Imasco are likely to be 
affected by highly competitive conditions 
in the Canadian cigarette market 

~ Despite strong operating cash flow; 
the Group’s net interest chaige will show a 
further increase arising from a full year’s 
financing cost of Allied Dunbar and lower 
investment returns from Brazil. 

Overall I expect the full year's results 
to show renewed growth at the operating, 
pre-tax and attributable profit levels, 
subject once again to the translation effect 
of exchange rates, particularly the US 
dollar: Witnin this framework, it remains 
the intention of your Board to continue to 
increase dividends well in excess of . the 
rate of inflation. 

toe case of schools the admin- 
istrative bead was life head 
teacher. wss iwpmsjbfcto 
fly y jiiry t iniv au thority for ole 
proper conduct of toe school 
The head teacher had toe 
power jffld duty to gre* direc- 

It was a p r ofes s iona l oblig* 

non oTeach readier a cooperate 
in running the school daring 
school horns in accordance with 
the timetable and other admin- 
istrative refutations or direc- 
tions from time to time made or 

There were no doubt. certain 
pmiado M to that obtaga&oo, . 
but it was not necessary for the 
court io attempt to formulate a 

to be ap- 

act would not have 
complied with. 

The cover arrangements 13 
the four schools bad been in 
operation for years, no doubt 
with rnjnnr adjustments from 
time to I™, and had been 
complied with. The requests to 
provide cover in each case, the 
refusal of which led . to these 
actions, woe made in ac- 
cordance with long standing 

Neither Miss Sim. Mr 
Bknxfield dot Mr Townend 
that the cover request 
that- she or he refined was 
unreasona ble. Mr Ratoha nedjd 

make that irygr***"" but the 
ground Ob which he made it 
deprived it of much substance. 
In case the ground of 
refusal was simply in pursuit of 
the NUT* industrial action. 

Mr Tabadnrik contended xfuft 
the tim et a ble , once settled, was 

a CTntfwrtmii doc u ment hfadfog 
both employee ami employer. . 

Tbit o i 1 nw min » mw im . 
acceptable. The allocation of 
noa-tesdung time was an 
administrative decision taken 
fay the head teacher. Cover 
regulations were also issued 
under his authority, and were 
n ec es sa ry for the proper running 
of the school They- com- 
the timetable. In his 
judgment, teachers 
were under a contractual duty to 
corapfywnh both. 

Whether a' suddTv teacher 
anld be called mailer the first 
day, the third day, or the fifth 
day, was a matter of policy for 
the authority. 

Tbe contracts of teachers gave 
them no centred over policy 
The standards of 
were set both fay the 
itself and by public 

The plaintiffs contended that 
even it they were in breach of 
contract the defendants were 
-not emitted to make the deduc- 
tions from their salaries; the 
defendants* only remedy being 
It-was conHstem-with the - 4 ri 4 uc for damages ... 

depending upon one's paint of 
view, b et w ee n the te ac hers 'arid 
die Government, as to the rates 
of pay applicable to seco nd a r y 

It had long beat the practice 
for teachers to provide cover far 
absent cofleagnes. The National 
Union of Teachers contended 
that that was as a matter of 
goodwill; the lotti authorities as 
a matter ; of contractual obfiga- 

By a letter dated January 30. 
1985 the NUT instructed mem- 
bers to refuse to provide such 
cover for absent colleagues. The 
local authorities* response was 
to make deductions from 'the 
.teachers? safeties, calculated on 
.a time ** “ 


stains of touching as a pro- 
fession. that impHwi could not 
payment for mch 

wade. • 

were sOcntar to whether there 
was a contractual duty to pro- 
vide cover when asked to do so: 
they were also silent as to 
teachers* obligations in many 
other important respects. 

- A contract of employment in 

■a professional capacity would 
not normally be- expected, to 
detail a'pcofesskmal employee's 
obligations; It wottid not be 
-ocpectod in toecase of a solicitor 
oradoctoc. _ * •- 
Without essaying any defi- 
nition of a profession, his 
Lordship was firmly of opinion 
that teachers were members of a 

Then-obligations could not be 

ranfrrw d In imparting fc 

' ' to the pupils. The 
relationship between a teacher 
and his pupils went further and 
incl u d e d obligations of disci- 
pline and care. 

Professionals were employed 
to provide a particular service, 
and had a duty to do so 

Institutions required an 

administrative hioarchy, and in G. Hemtnii^s, Croydon. 

After a lengthy consideration 
of toe authorities, his Lordship 
concluded that ifan employee in 
breach of contract foiled of 
refused to perform bis contrac* 
oral services, his right to recover 
his salary for the period during 
w hi ch the foil me or refusal 
occurred was impeached by the 
employer's cross-claim for dam-' 

It would be manifestly unjust 
in such a case to allow the 
employee to receive his safety in 
fuH without taking into account 
the Joss to thc employer.of those 
services. _ . ' • ’ ;• 

The deduction* here were 
small, m amount, , but were not 
-nominal damages 
calculated to represent 
caused. The defendants were 
therefore entitled in equity to set 
off against the salaries sums not 
exceeding the damages claim- 

The deductions were justifi- 
able, and the actions would 
therefore be dismissed. The 
Ap pro pr i a te declarations would 
be made, and costs would be 
awarded to toe defendants. - - 

Solicitors: Mr Hugh Pierce; 
Mr D. Buckley, Rotherham; 
Sharpe Pritchard & Co for Mf 
W. K_ Bugler, Doncaster, Mr 
John Scampioa. Solihull; Mr R- 

staying in hotel 
were “occupying” it 


The Report and Accounts for 1985 is available from the Company Secretary BAT Industries pJjc., Windsor House, 50 Victoria Sheet London SW1H ONL 

Regina v Hackney London 
Borough Council, Ex parte 

Before Lord justice Stephen 
Brown, Lord Justice Balcoinbe 
and Sir Roualeyn Cummmg- 

{Judgment given May 22] 

Homeless p er sons who were 
temporarily accommodated in a 
botei by the local authority were 
occupying the .hotel fra* toe 
purposes of sections lS and'19 
of the Housiiqj Act 1961. 

The Court of Appeal.-dis- 

were sent there by Tower Ham- 
lets local authority in compli- 
ance with its duties under the 
Homeless Persons Act 1977. 
Same stays were very short and 
-others were longer, depending) 
on the urgency of the case. 

The London . Borough of. 
Hackney served on the appel- 
lants a notice under sections 15 
and 19 of the 196! Act, as 
amended by section 62 of the 
Housing Act 1969.10 fix a limit 
on -the number of persons who 
-should occupy the premises in 
'its existing condition. 1 

missed an appal by Aristopb- : Tbc appellants unsuccessfully 
anes and Agni Thrasyvoulou “ sougMjiidiaai review on toe 
Stun a decision, of Mr Justice y*® that _ the borough council 

Woolf who on 
dismissed their 

had exceeded its powers. 

The point raised was that 
occupation in sections 15 and 19 
of t he 19 61 Act denoted a degree 
of permanence and that persons 
who were on die appellants* 
premises were for tire time being 
birds of passage awaiting 
rehousing and were therefore 
not occupiers. 

The difficulty had arisen be- 
cause' of the word “hold". Ir 
i LORD -JUSTICE .. could wdl be that a person with 
BALCOMBE. said-, that " the 1 a regular home might not be 

appdfejraweretiwqwneraofa ' 

3, 1985 
_ . stion for 
udidal review of a decision of 
Hackney London Borough 
Council to serve overariwdmg 
notices under the Hooting Act 
I96L . . . 

' Mr Richard Drabble for toe 
appellants Mr Michael Barnes, . 
QC and Mr John Hawdi fbrthe 
local authority. ■ • 

number ofpremises in 

which were described as - bolds 
and offered, bed- and breakfast 

Aft’ rooms were- fii0y fur- 
nished. with linen and room 
cleaning being provided. Kitch- 
ens were available for toe 
preparation of children’s food. 

In many cases the ride against 
preparing food for adult guests 
was broken. NO main mwah 
were provided and rooms were 
let on a day-to-day basis at £5 a 
person. ... 

Most of ihe peopie in the hotel 

But m -the case of the .home- 
fess- persons in the appellants’ 
hon^lt wbuid be a misuse ot 
. l a n gua g e to say that they did riot 
: qccuot it. 

If they were asked where ttey 
bved they would say it -was die 
appellants’ hotel, although they 
Jrugbt add that it was nntil they 
found a place of then- own. 

Sir Roualeyn Gumming* 
Bruce and Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown agreed. . 

VSolidtorst Frank EC „ 

' & Partners, Wood Green; 

J JL Byrne,. Hackney. 


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May 30, 1986 


The Institution of Efecftical 
Engineers — better known as 
the IEE — may be the third 
oldest among the key engj- 
neering bodies and probably 
the richest. 

Yet it is nothing if not 
practical. It is a characteristic 
that emerges whether it is 
tackling the problems and 
future of industry, or of itself 
in providing good value with 
wise counsel whether it is to its 
members or the many it 
influences from the Govern* 
ment down." -- 

- Even the individual ritizeri 
directly feds the impact of the 
IEE It sets the safety- regula- 
tion^ updated from time to 
time as technology moves on, 
for domestic electrical wiring, 
for industry, slopping and, 
more recently, offshore struc- 
tures such as ofl rigs. 

- It was the IEE that set down 
recently the need for sensitive 
earth-leakage equipment, es- 
pecially for circuits operating 
garden equipment, such as 
electric mowers and hedge- 
ni tiers. 

: Robust practicality is hardly 
the characteristic most likely 
lo be expected by anybody 
stepping, for. the first time 
through the stainless steel 
doors of the august IEE hdaft- 
quarters at Savoy Place, bn the 
Thames embankment just by 
Waterloo Bridge- The IEE 
owns the long lease of the 
building, to which it moved 
nearly 80 years ago. 

* It seems, an establishment 
of the Establishment On the 
wall of the building it is 
recorded that the British 
Broadcasting Company, sub- 
sequently the British Broad- 
casting Corporation* operated 
in the -building for nearly: 10 

years to 1932 m the days of 
crystal set listening. It was just 
across from the IEE secretary’s 
office and the IEE library that 
Lord Reith had his office. 

There is still a notice that 
tells the visitor to stay quiet 
when the red light is on. 

The truth is that the IEE is a 
pan of the Establishment 
which has had to change with 
the times. If was born in the 

as the Society of Telegraph 
Engineers in 1871 — came to 
terms with the ramifications 

of electricity and, more recent- 
ly, took on the electronics era. 

The post of secretary is the 
top administration job in 
engineering institutions. How- 
ard Losty, who came .to -the 
IEE secretaryship , in - 1980 
from managing directorships 
' in tbe-General Electric Com- 
pany. (GEC), is the se venth to 
hold the position since the IEE 
as such was formed in 1888. 

But if be beads the 
■ institution's civil service, his 
“prime minister” is the 
institution's president, tradi- 
tionally in office for a year. 
The incumbent is Admiral Sir 
Lindsay Bryson, a former 
Controller of the Royal Navy 
and the first weapons electri- 

cal engineer to achieve the 
rank of admiral. 

The Admiral is not one to 
beat about the bush. He said: 
"Professional engineers are 
always complaining about 
their lack of status. But you get 
the status you deserve. If you 
recruit too many mediocrities, 
why be surprised if they do not 
earn a high status for the 

But there is real evidence, 
he believes, that the picture is 
changing. Towards the end of 
1984 the IEE took stock of 10 
years of encouraging the best 
pupils to enter electrical engi- 
neering and found that not 
only the number, of applica- 
tions doubled but the quality 
of those accepted had risen 

In 1975 half those going into 
universities to study electrical 
engineering rated only eight 
UCCA points or less; while 
only 15 percent had >3 points 
or higher. UCCA is the Uni- 
versity Central Council of 
Admissions that adds up pre- 
university academic qualifica- 
tions such as A-level passes. 

In 1982 fewer than 15 per 
cent were lingering at the 
eight-points level while more 
than 35 per cent were achiev- 
ing 13 points or more. There 
have since been further im- 
provements, with 45 per cent 
at 13 points or higher. 

Sir Lindsay said: “The most 
cheering tiring I have seen is 
the enormous quality of young 
people entering the universi- 
ties and polytechnics to go 
into electrical and electronic 
engineering. The fact that we 
are now recruiting a much 
bigger share of the brightest 
and best augurs very well for 
the profession. " _ 1 

- Mr Losty emphasized:- 

“There undoubtedly are a lot 
of bright youngsters wanting 
to get into the profession. 
Electronics have caught the 

As long ago as the middle of 
1984 the IEE was telling the 
House of Lords that the 
number of academic places for 
reading electrical engineering 
should be doubled. 

Sir Lindsay said: “IF the 
universities are to educate 
more students, they will need 
to recruit more lecturers. Ide- 
ally these will come from high 
achievers in their late twenties 
or early thirties with good 
industrial experience. 

“Sadly the rigid university 
salary Kales do not provide 
competition with industrial 
salaries for these people and 
some way must be found to 
solve this problem. It is 
particularly pressing in the 
power field." 

One practical way of tack- 
ling this salary problem of the 
junior university lecturer, he 
suggested, was at any rate 
short-term to provide indus- 
trial consultancies paying per- 

haps £2,000 a year which 
might not only bridge the gap 
but build a link between 
universities and industry that 
could be of great benefit in the 

He added: “We are now 
establishing what the require- 
ments are from universities 

rial incentives to persuade 
them to work in this area." 

A great practical as well as 
financial success for the IEE 
has been its computerized 
Inspec database on electrical 
engineering developments, 
pre-eminent in its field world- 
wide, although some competi- 

A recent first by the IEE was its 
venture into electronic publishing 

and polytechnics. There has 
been a reasonably warm re- 
sponse from industry.” 

The need was to improve 
the standards of teaching 
mathematics and physics in 
schools, he said. “As a nation 
we are undoubtedly a very 
inventive bunch but we have 
foiled to develop the skills and 
resources to mass-produce 
low-cost items of electronic 
hardware. We must devote 
more of our efforts to improv- 
ing our capability in comput- 
er-aided production 
engineering and to producing 
more and better engineers, 
together with adequate finan- 

tion is emerging, particularly 
in the US. 

The Inspec operation, to- 
gether with other publishing 
and conferences which are 
also aimed to run at a profit, 
account for £1 1 million of the 
lEETs annual income of £15 
million and largely account 
for the trading surplus of just 
over £2 million in the last 
financial year. 

Mr Losty said that the IEE 
recognized it had to look for 
other areas to produce income 
as competition against Inspec 

One way was to build on the 
database and make it available 

in different ways. A recent 
launch was of an electronic 
materials information service, 
the I EE's first venture is 
electronic publishing. Groups 
of information providers eval- 
uate the data. There is also 
publication in hard copy for 
those who need that 

The IEE is also venturing 
into distance learning to pro- 
vide training materials, one of 
the needs of practising engi- 
neers who need to keep up to 

As a successful business the 
IEE is able to use the advan- 
tage of its trading sip-pluses to 
break into new territories like 
these. Sir Lindsay said: “One 
of the principal functions of 
any professional institution is 
the exchange of information 
between its members to speed 
the application of new knowl- 
edge, hasten the development 
of new products and ensure 
that existing products are 
maintained and operated at 
their maximum efficiency." 

This is why the IEE holds 
each year 850 evening meet- 
ings throughout Britain and 

More and more young people 
are going into electrical en- 
gineering. Main pictnrd 
shows Dr Laurie Cnthbert 
and Brenda Chan with, fore- 
ground, Justine Andree, and 
m the background, Laidia 
Kandoudjeft, and Diane 
Bishop at Queen Mary Col- 
lege, university of London. 
The trend is welcomed by the 
institute president. Admiral 
Sir Lindsay Bryson, above 

about 20 major conferences, 
100 one-day discussion meet- 
ings and 15 vacation period 
schools. In print it has a wide 
range of journals and books, 
with a printed product appear- 
ing about every working day 
ofthe year. 

Despite calls by the Engi- 
neering Council, umbrella 
body for the profession as well 
as the industry, for more 
integration among institu- 
tions, progress with merger? 
has been slow. But the IEE and 
the smaller Institution of Elec- 
tronic and Radio Engineers 
have an agreement in princi- 
ple to merge; a final decision is 
still to come from the mem- 
bers once detailed proposals 
have been established. 

A merger with the Institu- 
tion of Electrical Electronic 
Incorporated Engineers, 
which is to technician electri- 
cal engineers what the IEE is 
to chartered engineers, is not 
on the cards. 

But closer co-operation is 
always being sought with bod- 
ies such as this or, as in the 
computer software area, with 
organizations such as the Brit- 
ish Computer Society. 

The IEE looks likely to 
continue iis practical ap- 
proach on mergers within the 
profession just as it does in 
other matters. 

Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 


Why do you get out of bed in the morning? 

In today’s society, people 
are motivated by more than 
the primitive instinct Of 
survival— the need to obtain 
each day's supply of food 
and avoid the onslaught of 
enemies or environment 
Some are restless souls Who 
look continuously , for new 
summits to surmount 
Others have a more relaxed 
view on Ufa Whatever the 
intensity of the motivation, 
the objectives vary widely. 
Some seek acclaim from a 
vast audience, some value 
the accumulation of wealth, 
others are driven to leave a 
permanent landmark on the 
surface ofthe earth, or strive 
to make things smaller more 
beautiful, more usefuL Many 
are driven by a desire to 
serve their fellow citizens. 

Today people, particularly 
the young, seem more 
motivated by idealism than . 
was the case 20 or so years 
ago. Perhaps foe greater 
social freedom and greater 
security which obtains today 
enables this idealism to 
emerge, whereas previously 
this opportunity did not exist 
Of course not an the ideals 

and the way they are 
pursued command sym- 
pathy, and we now see more 
religious and political 
terrorism in the guise of 
idealisnrthan ever before, 
With so. much idealism 
about it:. is .strange ..that 
engineers and engineering 
are not idolised. Yet it is foe 
wealth-creating industries of 
this country whose taxes 
pay for social services, 
doctors, nurses, hospitals 
and all the things the 
idealists would have more 
of. The iimitto compassion is 

the limit to provide the 
means to be compassion- 
ate. Idealists who rail against 
foe Med means put at foe 
disposal of compassion do 
not regard industry as an 
object of idealisra. • 

Whilst this , view Is true of 
those outside industry, it is 
also true of many of those 
within industry itself. Most 
engineers' motivation is to 
be, as their title states, 
ingenious. The more in- 
genious the solution the 
more ideal it is. Engineers do 
not regard themselves as 

thedispensers of the means 
of compassion. In fact, many 
only want to do engineering 
and are reluctant to move 
into other spheres, both in 
industry and society, where 
they can influence the 
generation and distribution 
-of the money which is the 
means of compassion, if 
those who are in industry 
tack idealism, how can 
industry be regarded by 
society at large as the 
fountainhead, or at least the 
paymaster of all other 

It is because industry is so 
poorly appreciated for its 
contribution to society that 
this year has been designa- 
ted as “Industry Year" in the 
UK. The aim of Industry Year 
is to help people understand 
the role of industry in creat- 
ing jobs, wealth and sen/ice 
to society, as well as creat- 
ing the artefacts of industry 
which all need; and to help 
dispel foe “dark satanic 
mills" image of industry and ■ 
put it in its right place in 
people's perception of 

It is too far-fetched to con- 
ceive of a torch being lit for 
industry the light of which will 
attract those growing num- 
ber of young idealists into it 
so that their motivation will 
be the reduction,- by means 
of the wealth they generate, 
of poverty, hardship and 
distress? Not for nothing 
does the (EE add a line to its 
logo in its image-creating 
promotions:- "The Institution 
of Electrical Engineers— the' 
wealth-creating profession- 
als." That's why we get out of 
bed in the morning! 

The Royal 

The Institution is fortunate 
in. the interest taken in it by 
the Royal Family. Her 
Majesty" The Queen is 
Patron and trier Royal 
Highnesses, The Duke of 
Edinburgh, The Duke of 
Kent and The Prince of 
Wales are all Honorary 
Fellows as was the fit Hon. 
f Earl Mourrtbatten. 

His Royal Highness 
Prince diaries signing 
foe Register of Honorary 
. Fellows on his election. 

Too clever by half 

Those wishingfo team foe 
English language are faced 
with many baffling nuances 
in the way it is used. Not 
least is foe meaning of- the 
word "clever”. As trie 
dictionary definition implies 
desirable characteristics 
like talented and skitful, how 
is it possible tobetoodever, 
as in “too clever by hair or 
'loo clever for his own 
good”. Why is an intellectual 
a suspect even despised, 
person in Britain and a 
respected person in 
Continental Europe? 

The answer lies in foe 
much praised pragmatic 
nature of foe British 
character Two “aspects, 
social . and - educational, - 
indicate how unfortunate 
British pragmatism has been 
in generating the anti- 
HeUectuai tradition. 

A successful British entre- 
preneur would educate Ws 
children in foe aristocratic 
tradition. He would use- his 
wealth to builda mansion, go 
hunting, and L, ape foe 

. arfetocrcicy. The 4 British 
.aristocracy let him join their 
'ranks even if only granting a 
form of secondrcfass mem- 
bership. Having ruined his 
enterprise by neglecting it 
for aristocratic pursuits, the 
family was back where it 
started. From dogs to clogs 
in three generations was a 
true aphorism. 

On the Continent, the 
social structure was much 
more rigid and there was 
less class mobility than in 
Britain. The successful 
Continental entrepreneurs 
could not break -imo the 
aristocracy, and:, so /they 
formed themselves into a 
middle-class bourgeois in- 
teftectual grouping which 
today has achieved har- 
mony between “kuttur" and 
'tecnik' 1 . .- - .They. - do not 
despise intellectual achieve- 
ment In either. 

A similar calamity befell 
the . academic establish- 
ment British: pragmatism, 
dictated that foe new 
technologies of the industrial 1 

revolution should be taught 
within the existing university 

The Continental universi- 
ties were not so pragmatic, 
they would have none of this 
new technology nonsense. 
So Ihe new technologies set 
up thetroWn Technical Hoch 
Schuie and Polytechnics 
which today are far more 
prestigious and more 
difficult to enter than the 
traditional arts universities. 

How can the anti-inteitec- 
tuai bias in British Society be 
countered? Perhaps, as in 
so many matters, there is a 
self-correcting, if somewhat 
stowly responsive, mechan- 
ism. Modem technology is 
now so fiendishly complex 
that only those of high 
intellectual calibre can deal 
with ft, and such people are 
few High demand for those 
in scarce supply raises the 
plfolic perception of their 
value to society When that 
happens it wi not be 
possible to be too clever at 
aft, not just by haft 

Concern and caring for the disabled 

’ "Concern” and “caring" 
are in danger of becoming 
overworked words, destined 
for the lack of respect 
accorded to all efiettes. This 
is sad because society 
today is more concerned 
and more carfog about 
those who are disabled than 
at any time in the past 
It is another cliche to say 
that technology is taken for 
granted. Only those actually 
working in technology know 
how much has been 
achieved and what wonder- 
ful opportunities still lie 
ahead. Particularly dedi- 
cated are those applying 
modem technology to help 
those who are disabled. 
Ingenuity is not the limiting 
factor. One limiting factor is 
that no two problems are the 
same. Each problem 
requires a special solution. 

Another problem is, of 
course, money. It is the 
responsibility of those who 
have had the privilege of a 
professional education to 
use this advantage in public 
debate to ensure that 
resources are provided to 
use the technology already 
available to help the 

There are those who can 
see only the small dark face 
of technology; like the 
effects of environmental 
pollution, and who regard 
the march of science as 
something to be checked 
before we are all destroyed. 
The much bigger brighter 
face of technology fa taken 
for granted Perhaps we 
should have one day a year 
without electric power to 
remind people of what foe 
everyday world owes to its 

engineers and scientists. 

The IEE decided that 
steps should be taken to 
provide a more positive 
image of foe profession, and 
one of these steps has been 
the inauguration of a prize for 
the best application of 
electrical or electronic 
engineering for helping 
disabled people. 

When it came to award 
the prize in 1 985 foe quality 
of applications was so high 
that the selection of the 
winner could only be 
achieved by making two 
awards each of £5000. 

The world today is becom- 
ing more and more 
conscious of foe debt it 
owes, as a result of the 
advantages, provided by 
technology, to those who are 
unable to take full advantage 
of it 

The Institution of 
Engineers, where 
would you be 
without us? 

We know this sounds- a 
little brash but things just 
wouldn't be the same 
without us. we are involved 
in nearly every aspect of 
your life— at work and at 
play. Yet you probably don’t 
recognise us. We normally 
keep a fairly low profile but, 
for once, we thought we 
should speak up. 

Just imagine what life 
would be like without 
electricity and its associated 
technology. For one thing, it 
would be impossible to keep 
hospital machinery and 
equipment running; process 
food; manufacture drugs 
and medicines; or treat 
sewage. People would 
contract disease. Communi- 
cations would break down. 
There would be social 
disorder, perhaps even 

Isn't this all a little far- 
fetched? Wfe don't think so. 
Engineers serve our com- 
munity and are deeply 
conscious of their social 
responsibilities. Their skills 
also improve conditions in 
emerging countries. 

Then let us take business 
both big and small. Industry, 
the key to the nation's 
prosperity, needs to keep 
apace with foreign competi- 
tion. The ability and 
ingenuity of our engineers is 
a key factor in our survival. 
British business needs innova- 
tors in such wide ranging 
activities as power engineer- 
ing, micro electronics, 
control engineering, com- 
munications, computing and 
many more. Electrical 
engineering is a “sunrise" 
industry on which the 
country depends for its 
future prosperity. 

The Institution of Electri- 
cal Engineers mirrors the 
wide range of the profession 
it serves and performs many 
important functions. We can 
all sleep safe at night in the 
secure knowledge that the 
house wont bum down if the 
wiring conforms to the 
regulations issued by the 
'Institution. The Institution 
makes representations to 
Government, NEDO, Health 
and Safety Executive and 
many others on matters 
where the knowledge and 
skills of its members are 
helpful in improving the 
environment in which we live 
and work. In its qualifying 
role, the Institution is 
concerned that those who 
enter the profession are well 
chosen and well qualified. 
They have to be both 
educated and trained to 
meet current practices and 
also be given the basic 
theoretical knowledge to' 
solve undreamed of 
problems in the future. 

Then it keeps its members 
abreast of the rapid develop- 
ment in technology through- 
out their careers. Regular 
publications, meetings, sem- 
inars and conferences pro- 
vide information of critical im- 
‘ porta nee to members. 
Institution lectures provide a 
stimulating environment for 
cross fertilization of ideas 
and new techniques. 

In so doing. The Institution 
of Electrical Engineers 
assists professional engin- 
eers to serve foe community 
and create wealth for the 
nation. You may not meet us 
often in our professional 
capacities but our logo will 
remind you who we are. 

Savoy Place London WC2R 0BL 
The Wealth-Creating Professionals 


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The unique 
element that 

changed all 
our lives 

Which discovery comes at the 
-top of the list of the most 
beneficial, yet most takra-for- 
granted invention of science 
and engineering? Most proba- 
bly electricity generation in 
dose competition with the 
flush water system. 

- Life without the conve- 

- nience and associated comfbn 
flowing from the electric 
switch and the three-pin plug 
would be unthinkable for 
most of us. Indeed, just pon- 
dering such a deprivation I 
wish that another philosopher 
had devised such a memora- 

- ble accolade as Lenin who said 
65 years ago; “Communism is 
Soviet power plus electrifica- 
tion of the whole country.” 

The list of creature comforts 

is easy to compile — lighting, 
tion, dish 

refrigeration, dishwashers, ra- 
dio and television, telephones 
and home computers, vacuum 
cleaners, hair driers, toasters, 
blenders and so many other 
household gadgets. 

The roll call for industry is 
endless, ranging from air con- 
ditioning systems for office 
blocks to countless industrial 
applications. The unique 
properties of electricity are 
exploited to manufacture 
chemicals and to run electric 

Without electricity there 
would be no information tech- 
nology revolution of micro- 
electronics. computers, 
satellites, communication 
links by copper cable and 
optical glass fibres. The prolif- 
eration of fast food restaurants 

strikes a discordant note to 
suggest there are applications 
for which electricity is simply 
an inappropriate fuel Heating 
rooms with electric bar fires is 
certainly one of them. 

Modem gas and solid-fuel 
fires are more efficient So is 
the clever rediscovery of the 
trick of electric (or gas) heal 
pumps, which use waste heat 
that is topped-up with the 
premium fueL 

A development which takes 
the idea even further are 
machines called minichips, 
standing for miniature com- 
bined heat and in-house pow- 
er. The latest of these is 
installed at the headquarters 
of the Devon and Cornwall 
police force in Exeter. It 
produces the electricity and 
hot water needs of the organi- 

zation by converting fuel into 
energy three times more effi- 

ciently than the power stations 
of the Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board converts fossil 
fuels into electrical energy 
delivered to the consumer. 

That reflects the different 
status of electricity to die 
primary fossil fuels. One of 
those, whether it is coal, oil 
and uranium or even peat and 
wood, has to be burnt to boil 
the water for the steam to turn 

Inside British Nodear 
Fuels 1 SeOafieM advance gas 
reactor: a powerful force in 
the energy equation despite 
tire growing numbers of dem- 
onstrators against unclear 
at die 
and SizeweD sites 

Economies of scale 
allow good efficiency 

could not have happened 
if a 

without the backing of a vast 
spectrum of new electrical 

The regeneration of more 
traditional industries has also 
occurred. Industry accounts 
for close to half of all electric- 
ity used. Essential manufac- 
turing such as cement, 
chemicals and metals are de- 
pendent on this source of 

Inefficient old-fashioned 
processes have given way to 
more productive electrically- 
driven ones. Electric arc fur- 
naces are the basis of 
steelmaking. Aluminium 
smelting uses 45,000 mega- 
watts or the output of the 
equivalent of 40 large nuclear 
or 20 large modem coal-fired 
electricity power stations. Ad- 
vances in smelting technology 
have cut the energy needed by 
25 per cent 

Against this eulogy, it 

turbine generators. Only 28 
per cent of the energy reaches 
the customer as electricity. 

This is why the Department 
of Energy's current Monergy 
Conservation Year campaign 
says three tons of fossil rad is 
saved for every ton-equivalent 
of electricity reduced by better 
insulation and other 

For instance, two-thirds of 
the power used in industry is 
for turning electric motors. 
Better designs of motors — 
with electronic adjustable 
speed drives and other refine- 
ments — are at last receiving 
long-overdue attention. 

When the world’s first pub- 
lic electricity supply system 
was inaugurated 105 years ago 
at Godaiming in Surrey, a 
water-driven generator pro- 
vided electricity for street 
lamps and a number of 

From the uam cars of the 
1890s to the expansion of 
electronics technology in the 
1970s, the rise in demand for 

electricity pr ogre sse d simulta- 
neously with growth of the 
world economy and pauses in 
the Great Depression between 
the World Wars. 

In the postwar period 
growth was up to ten per cent a 
year. The technological ad- 
vances to meet the demand 
included development of large 
turbines and transmission net- 
works. These exploited econo- 
mies of scale to achieve more 
efficient generation and sup- 
ply. The thermal efficiency 
rose from about 20 per cent to 
more than 30 per cent between 
the 1940s and 1960s. with 
bigger power stations produc- 
ing electricity more cheaply 
than their predecessors. 

Furthermore, nuclear power 
had entered the equation, with 
its high capital cost but poten- 

tially lower running costs. 

fowever, the use of electric- 
ity began its sharp decline 
with the rise in oil prices from 
1973, with the following ten 
years producing a fall in 

A rule of thumb fin* electric- 
ity planners (although they 
call it the p lanning mar gin) is 
that the generating capacity 
should exceed demand by 
about 20 percenL This allows 
for underestimates in demand 
forecasting and major 

Since the forecasting errors 

have been on the optimistic 
side, the excess electrical ca- 
pacity in the industrial world 
overall is between 40 and 50 

There are many other diffi- 
culties. The issues of acid rain 
caused by the sulphur dioxide 
and nitrogen oxides from coal- 
fired stations, and radioactive 
waste disposal from nuclear 
plant receive most public 

Bat environmental disputes 
about the routes of overhead 
power lines and the siting of 
luge new power stations, 
whatever the type, have faced 
the generating boards since 
electricity supply was nation- 
alized almost 40 years ago. 

After a long tussle the 
CEGB accepts that power 
stations are a source of acid 
rain. The dispute now, partic- 
ularly with kmg- 

S candinav ians whose forests 
are dying, is a difference of 
opinion about the proportion 
of blame attributed to 
Britain's power stations. Oth- 
er factors, such as the changes 
of ozone levels provoked by 
motor vehicle exhausts, are 
believed to contribute to the 

Sulphur can be removed 
from flue-gases and by modifi- 
cation of the furnaces to trap 
the materials in the ash- They 
are expensive. The midear 
waste problem is more intrac- 
table. One approach is to 
retain spent fuel in their intact 
state, storing them at British 
Nuclear Fuel's plant, at 
Sdlafidd, in Cumbria, rather 
than reprocessing them and 
releasing Large volumes of 
gaseous, solid and liquid 

Technical snags which have 
plagued nuclear power and 
financial problems caused by 
wildly fluctuating oil prices, 
are experiences that must 
surely leach the wisdom of 
using a mixture of energy 
options Not only for political 
but economic and environ- 
mental reasons 

The sort ofhi-tech approach 
that has produced the effi- 
cient, and small-scale power 
system of the minichip is also 
at work in other energy tech' 
nologies. They include 
cogeneration, or combined 
beat and power, wind, wave, 
tidal and solar power; and 
geothermal energy from hot 
rocks beneath the ground. 

Pearce Wright 

Science Editor 

The current 

that can cure the sick 

Energy for life is the UK 

electricity supply industry s 
latest advertising 

ng slogan. It 
extols the ubiquitous virtues 
of the force you cannot see but 
which infiltrates almost every 
domestic and working 

Certainly, it is a persuasive 
piece of corporate public rela- 
tions aimed at stressing the 
indispensable nature of elec- 
tricity at a time when its 
generation is coming in for 
much criticism from the 

What is true however, is 
that the purveyors of electric 
power have ensured through 
the ease of use of their product 
and the superior ana often 
unique nature of the appli- 
ances, that industrial society 
would collapse without it 

The pollution-free aspects 
of electricity use can outweigh 
the hazards associated with its 
creation, say its supporters. 

Sophisticated electronics 
are rapidly improving the 
quality of life beyond the 
wildest dreams of the coal and 
gas dominated nineteenth 
century. Breathtaking ad- 
vances in medical science 
have been achieved thanks to 
the design and development 
skills of the electrical engineer. 
The face of industry has been 
changed radically and perma- 
nently with such inventions as 
the electric-arc furnace for 
stedmaking and robots in 

The electrical and electronic 
sectors form the one branch of 
the engineering industry that 
is on an upward trend. Like 
the mechanical sector, electri- 
cal engineering suffered a drop 
in employment at the end of 
the 1970s and continued 
throughout the recession. The 
difference between the two, 
however, is that employment 
in the electrical ride stabilized 
quickly at about 650,000 from 
1981 onwards while the tradi- 
tional merhaniml branch hag 
carried on felling. 

At the end of last year the 
number of workers in electri- 
cal engineering was an esti- 
mated 720,000 not fer short of 
the 1978 peak. But the me- 
chanical sector work force has 
dropped from one million in 
1979 to 775,000. 

Electronics is another sector 
where employment has been 
rising steadily jsmce 1982 to 
about 377,000 and now ac- 
counts fix* almost 20 per cent 
of engineering jobs. Signifi- 
cantly electronic companies in 
the UK now appear to be 
recruiting increased nnmbers 
of highly educated and trained 
people such as professional 
electrical engineers. 

Between 1980 and 1984 the 

numbers of office workers, 
supervisors and traditional 
craftsmen in electronics com- 
panies fell by over a fifth, but 
during the same period the 
number of scientists and tech- 
nologists went up by 36 per 
cent to 34,500. 

These are the people who 
are at work in design and 
development departments of 
companies around the world 
refining today's products and 
developing tomorrow’s. 

The information technology 

revolution is arguably — 
most important influence on 
electrical engineers. This is 
demonstrated fay the _ deep 
involvement of the IEE in the 
£350m Alvey programme, 
funded by three Government 
departments and industry it- 
self to stimulate British IT 

The Alvey team describe 
the five-i 

e five-year programme as a 
series of collaborative, pre- 
mpetitive projects which fit 

competitive projects 

into overall strategies which 
have been developed for the 
key technologies of intelligent 
knowledge based systems, the 
man-machine interface, soft- 
ware engineering, very large 

The drive for 
system Integration 
Is the strongest 
influence shaping 
the factory of 

scale integration and comput- 
ing architecture. 

More than 100 fall industri- 
al projects out of 550 propos- 
als have now been approved, 
involving 60 firms, 40 univer- 
sities, six polytechnics . and 
five Government research 

fj jphlidinwnK. 

Alvey, set up in response to 
e fifth generation 

the Japanese 
computer initiative, is seeking 
to explore ways in which these 
more powerful, bigger memo- 
ry computers can be exploited, 
particularly in manufacturing. 

The factory of the future 
undoubtedly will be the result 
of the work of the electrical 
and electronic engineers who 
will refine and harness the 
technology that has become 
known as computer integrated 
manufacturing (CIM). This 
drive for systems integration 
is dearly . emerging as the 
strongest influence on the 

in diagnoses, for example the 
electrocardiogram a nd the 
recently, the use of 
for nerve stimulation and 
diagnosis of illness has been 
investigated - a "teihodmat 
unlike traditional dectncm »“ 
stimulation, is painless 
can be done without tne neea 
for electrodes to be attached to 
Die patient. - 

New imaging systems are 
being developed for use xn 
gastric physiology and m 
monitoring premature babies, 
while there is also growing 
interest in using, magnetic 
fields to help repair difficult 
bone fractures. Research rs 
being done into claims that 
electricity can help in the 
treatment of arthritis, burns, 
gout, wound healing, laryngi- 
tis and lumbago. 

But possibly the most excit- 
ing development of recent 4 ; 
years has been in nuclear 
magnetic resonance imaging 
for tissue scanning in suspect- 
ed cancer patients.This meth- 
od pioneered in Britain, is said 
to be of particular use in 
scanning the central nervous 
system. . , , . 

in the home, the work of the 
electrical engineer can be seen 
in a variety of ways. Advanced 

electronics are making possi- 
ble the totally automated, 
computerised house, 
equipped with security de- 
vices, fire detection and alarm 
systems, cooking and enter- 
tainment systems afl con- 
trolled by voice recognition 

Fire detection systems have 
become far more reliable 
thanks to the work of electrical 
engineers using 

microprocessor-based data 
collection systems with ana- 
■ logue sensors. Thus false 
alarms can now be predicted 
before a real- false alarm 

In the home, high definition 
television is adding a new. 
dimension to smafi screen 
entertainment, while more re- 
liable, more compact video, 
tape recorders are being devel- 
oped along with ever-improv- 
ing high fidelity equipment 

The latest development, de- 
scribed tty the IEE as revolu- ** 
tionary, is the compact disc, 
invented by Philips of Hol- 
land and initially developed' 
and marketed Jointly with; 
'Sony of Japan. The disc has 

tomorrow. • 

On the medical front the 
electrical engineer is also help- 
ing to determine the future. 
Electricity . has been 
nized for generations asi 

01 thd.recbrdedmusic market 
By the end of 1983 more than 
10,000 CD players had been 
sold in the UK with 250.000 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 


Technological excellence 
has engineered 
a great British success. 

The Racal Electronics Group is a success story by any standards: a 
worldwide leader in many areas of electronics, yet founded only 
thirty-six years ago: a company marketing in virtually every country of the 
world, and dominating many market areas in the face of fierce foreign 
competition. Named in April 1986 by Management Today as the leading 
company in Britain's Best Managed Eighth the Racal team has much of 
which it can be proud. 

Technological excellence in every product area is the firm 
foundation of this success: excellence which has been designed, 
developed and guaranteed by the flair skills and experience of Ratal's 
electronic engineers. At Racal. professional engineering experience is 
recognised, relied on and rewarded as the essential factor in the Groups 
past, present and future development 

With thirty-four Queen's Awards to its credit twelve for 
Technological Achievement and twenty^two for Export Achievement 
the Racal Electronics Group offers unlimited career opportunities for 
experienced engineers. 

Racal. A Great British Success Story. 


The Electronics Group 

Winners of thirty-four Queen’s Avards 

Racal Electronics Pic Bracknell. Berkshire. England. 
Telephone (0344) 483244. telex 848497. 

Electrical and Electronics 
Trades Directory 1986 

Krown commonly in the trade as the “Blue Book”, this is the comprehensive 
reference book to file UK Electrical and Electronics Ind ust r i e s. No-one 
should be without one. 


• Lists over 3500 maagfartnrersarKi 850 m anufactarers’repres ei rt a t i ves of 
3000 UK and overseas companies. 

• Gives a foil alphabetical listing of trade names, inducting product 

• Wholesale outlets, fisted by connty and town. 

• Details electrical, scientific and trade associations. 

• Lists all electricity undertakings in the UK and Ere including main and 

• No other publication provides ro many profitable facts Cff makes them so 
easy to retrieve. 

620pp., 297 z 210mm, casebonnd. 

ISBN 0 86341 051 0, 1986. UK £43.00, elsewhere £49.00. 

Orders to: PPL, PO Box 26, Hitchin, Herts, SG5 ISA, United Kingdom. 

win be added to aB orders which are not pie-paid. 

* e 

} % 

> a 

i \ 





•»■<* 4s.-f ■ _ 

Inside the institution’s library with librarian Janet Tomlinson. The library which has a staff of 18, 

receives over 36,000 enquiries a year 

Links forged with schools 

In education and training the 
Instit ution of Electrical Engi- 
neers (IEE) has not only been a 
pioneer but is continuing to 
.explore new ways of meeting 
problems. These can range 

from stimulating youngsters’ 
interests in professional engi- 
neering to keeping the mature 
engineer up to scratch. 

Its latest initiative has been 
Project UNCLE — undertak- 
ing new curriculum links with 
engineering — a scheme 
launched in Hampshire as a 
pilot experiment 18 months 
ago. The IEE has hopes that 
this will subsequently go 

Mr Howard Losty, the IEE 
secretary, said: “It is a way of 
getting electrical engineers 
into the schools, giving them 
help on new project work by 
creating a direct link/or them 
with engineers and industry 
which is so vital now technol- 
ogy is changing so swiftly. We 
would like to see an engineer 
associated with every second- 
ary school in the country. 1 ’ 

In Hampshire some 60 elec- 

trical engineers have been 
going to about 40 schools, 
paying visits of two to three 
days a month to each school, 
depending on the time of year. 
Funding has come from the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry. During the next 
academic year the scheme is 
being extended to the North 
East Cumbria, the West Mid- 
lands, Surrey and Northern 
Ireland. A decision is expected 
ax the end of the present 
academic year on whether to 
implement the project in the 
rest of the country. 

Mrs Dian ne Winfield, bead 
of the I EE's schools liaison 
service said: “So far the 
overall feeling tends to be that 
the project has proved very 
important and is providing an 
extremely useful resource to 

. The IEE earlier than many, 
. perceived the problem of win- 
ning recognition for engineer- 
ing in a society which for 
generations had tended to 
respect only the arts and pure 
science. In 2975 the IEE set up 

c ironies 


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its schools liaison service to 
improve both the number and 
quality of students reading 
electrical engineering, as both 
were worryingly low. 

Numbers wanting to enter 
electrical engineering doubled 
in 10 years and the quality 
went up. The IEE now has 45 
schools liaison officers around 
the country backed up by a 
panel of about 600 institution 
members. They make visits to 
talk in the schools, help 
teachers with curriculum, set 
up trips to local factories and 
other industrial locations and 
pass on surplus equipment to 
schools for their use. 

Regular newsletters and 
conferences reinforce die liai- 
son service. 

Mrs Winfield said: “The 
service has dearly had an 
impact Now it is extremely 
difficult to keep up with the 
demand tor electrical engi- 
neering places.” Because of 
the acute shortage of mathe- 
matics and physics teachers in 
schools aspects of teacher 
training are now being looked 
at by the IEE. Teacher work- 
shops are also being set up to 
give an insight into a systems 

Three times a year the IEE 
• produces 12,500 copies of a 
journal delivered free to sec- 
ondary schools, mostly with 
material written by teachers 
themselves on electronics and 
zomputer control. At Easter 

i Attempts to attract 
more women , 

some 350 teachers gave up 
their time to go to a confer- 
ence organized by the IEE. 

The institution has as part 
of its schools programme and 
in other ways been attempting 
to attract more women into 
the profession. In 1984 it had 
only 861 women members- 
and' although the number has 
risen to 1.484, this still repre- 
sents only 1.7 per cent of the 
IEE membership of some 
86 , 000 . 

An IEE survey of its women 
members in 1983 indicated 
where some of the problems 
lie. Even though 83 percent of 
girls go to coeducational sec- 
ondary schools, among the 
women who made their way 
into engineering 67 per cent 
were at giiis-only schools at 
the age of 16 and 58 per cent at 
the age of 18. 

Co-educational schools 
were not the only problem. 
Grammar schools were least 
well disposed towards electri- 
cal engineering and physics 

Employment prospects for 
women engineers were, on the 
other hand, found to be good. 
Only 1 5 per cent got fewer job 
offers than the number of 
applications they made. 

Derek Helps, deputy secre- 
tary of the IEE, said: “Electri- 
cal engineering is an ideal 
profession fora woman. There 
is no reason why a women 
should not be as good as. or 
better than, a man. Moreover 
a lot of electrical engineering, 
particularly in the software 
field, can be done as a cottage 
industry from home provided 

T here’s no shortage of advice for industrialists and 
businessmen these days. But if it's not truly 
independent, the results may be very different from what 
you are led to expect 

Members of the Association of Consulting Engineers 
have no commercial, manufacturing or contracting 
involvements. They are concerned solely with their clients' interests - 
they will specify only the most suitable materials and services. 

Would you wont Anything less from your advisers? 

To find OUL more about how ACE members can help your business. 

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Association of Consulting Engineers. Alliance House. Cation Street. London SWIH QQL 
Telephone: 01-222 6557 Telex: 26587 1 MONREFG (.quoting ref 83- ICE00 1 ) 

Most questions answered at 
the world famous library 

a woman can be briefed on the 
latest developments.” 

He believes industry is 
adapting to the situation and 
accepting part-time work and 
career breaks at some stages of 
a woman's career. The Civil 
Service is now more willing to 
accept part-time working, he 
pointed out. Mrs Winfield 
said: “More women have been 
able to negotiate consultan- 
cies. Companies and others 
cannot afford to neglect all 
this talent." 

The IEE intends to continue 
to put on the pressure to bring 
home the attractions of engi- 
neering for women. The 
stream of conferences will 
continue and about 100 wom- 
en engineers are prepared to 
help in the various school 

The irony is that the more 
successful they are the more it 
underlines the {EE’s plea for 
academic places to be doubled 
for engineers. The 
Government's recent addition 
of £43 million more spending 
on new places will bring some 
amelioration but Mr Helps 
still does not see this as 

As a qualifying body, setting 
academic standards for the 
professional /electrical engi- 
neer. the IEE at the chartered 
level { normally demands . a 
three-year university or peuy- 
techmc course followed by a 
minimum of two years’ practi- 
cal experience. Mr Helps said: 
“Ours effectively is a five-year 
course and produces a round- 
ed, practical engineer who has 
had to reach very high levels 
in the three academic years." 

But the IEE is in favour of 
extended courses which would 
enable the theoretical side of 
practical subjects like design 
io be covered. The IEE also 
maintains a quality control on 
universities and polytechnics 
by accreditation, carried out 
by invitation. Some colleges 
will get a foil five-year accredi- 
tation as a vote of confidence 
in what they are offering the 
fledgling engineer others per- 
haps only three years if stan- 
dards need a more careful eye 
on them. Approved so far 
have been 159 university i 
courses and 36 at polytech- • 
nics. For various reasons eight 
university courses and a doz- 
en at polytechnics failed to 
make the grade. 

Mr Helps said: “We are 
certainly improving stan- 
dards. A threat of not getting a 
course accredited can often 
help an academic department 
to secure the resources for 
improvement which it might 
otherwise not have been able 
to gel." 

Further establishments 
could be in danger of losing 

Extended courses 
to be introduced 

accreditation as problems 
mount over inadequate quali- 
ty of staff as better lecturers 
are lured away by improved 
opportunities in industry. 

As a learned society the IEE 
has always been in the busi- 
ness of keeping its members 
up with the latest develop- 
ments. Inspec and its other 
information systems carry 
that tradition forward. Meet- 
ings and conferences buttress 
these. An abstracts service 
monitors what is going on in 
all key countries of the world. 

Around 15 one-week 
courses during vacation peri- 
ods are organized to help keep 
mature engineers aware of the 
I latest developments in their 
i field. Distance learning is 
being expanded. 

Mr Helps said: “What we 
have is an alerting service. 

! The professional engineer can 
know what is going on in the 
world. The relevant informa- 
tion is in our data bank." 

He added: “It is seldom that 
a single person can make a 
crucial advance. It is in the 
cauldron of debate that a 
defined idea is produced. We 
provide a forum for that It 
may sound a bit grandiose but 
really we are a catalyst to- 
wards the march of progress." 

Britain's prowess in exporting 
its electrical engineering 
knowledge and products is too 
often eclipsed by the runaway 
success of imported consumer 

While Japanese “laser 
marketing'' techniques bom- 
bard the country with calcula- 
tors, television sets, video tape 
recorders and other wizard 
electronic gadgets, and huge 
multinationals such as IBM 
dominate the computer mar- 
ket — Britain's electrical engi- 
neers are inventing, designing, 
developing and installing a 
wide and diverse range of 
electrical goods for export. 

The Institution of Electrical 
Engineers says the stringent 
academic and practical quali- 
fications required of profes- 
sional British electrical 
engineers result in their exper- 
tise and knowledge being in 
constant demand in many 

Seemingly mundane but 
important proof is provided 
by the 15th edition of the 
institution's wiring regula- 
tions. These have set the 
standard for electrical wiring 
systems in buildings for 104 
years. This edition has been 
harmonized with European 
Commission regnla lions and 
is now regarded as the defini- 
tive international standard. 

The institution is often 
requested to accredit other 
countries* electrical engineer- 
ing courses. Despite the 
Government’s policy of de- 
manding that foreign students 
pay foil fees for their British 
.tuition, the institution re- 
mains the favourite for poten- 
tial young electrical engineers 
from as far afield as China and 

On the first floor of the 
institution’s imposing bead- 
quarters, a stone's throw from 
the Savoy Hotel in London, is 
its world famous library. 
There is a staff of 18, half of 
them graduates, who through 
links with 700 data bases can 
deal with the average 36,000 
enquiries received every year. 

More than 5,000 or the 
enquiries are from abroad, 
many of them seeking copies 
of learned documents. The 
library is reputed to be the best 
of its type in the world. 

The institution also oper- 
ates the world's most compre- 
hensive English language 
engineering data base, called 

Dianne Winfield, head of schools liaison service, beside 
Benjamin Franklin, a pioneer in the study of electricity 

IN PEC (Information Services 
for the Physics and Engineer- 
ing Communities). 

Electrical and electronic en- 
gineering in Britain now is 
basking in the warmth of 
rising export success that has 
nearly wiped out the 
industry’s trade deficit. 

Since 1979 the total sales 
value of the depressed me- 
chanical engineering sector 
has risen by about 30 per cent 
to an estimated £18.788 mil- 
lion last year. But this is 
eclipsed by the increase in 
electrical and electronic sales 
of 89 per cent in the same 
period to £21.715 million. 

Export successes 
cut trade deficit 

On the export front, the 
picture for the electrical and 
electronic companies is 
patchy. While Britain export- 
ed more than £3 billion of 
electrical machinery — which 
includes anything from print- 
ed circuits and transformers to 
television tubes and batteries 
— imports rose to more than 
£4 billion. 

Healthy trade surpluses are 
now recorded in power gener- 
ating machinery, machinery 
for particular industries such 
as agricultural, excavating, 
sewing, textile, printing, wood 
working and glass . working 

machines, and industrial ma- 
chinery in general. But equally 
unhealthy deficits can be seen 
in the trading of telecommuni- 
cations equipment, TV and 
sound recording equipment, 
electrical machinery, office 
machines and computers and 
metal working machinery. 

The result last year was an 
overall deficit of just £338 
million, compared with £905 
million in 1984. 

Behind the figures are the 
wetl worn stories of great 
British successes, in particular 
the selling of power stations to 
the Chinese and the Indians. 
But there are the equally 
trumpeted failures, of high 
technology inventions exploit- 
ed overseas because of the lack 
of domestic risk takers and the 
notorious brain drain. 

Not so well documented is 
the work of consultants whose 
product is their expertise and 
knowledge. In most comers of 
the world the British consult- 
ing engineer can be found 
designing and supervising the 
building of new power sta- 
tions, telephone transmission 
systems, power systems for 
hospitals, waterworks, oil re- 
fineries and transport 

About 20 per cent of UK 
consulting work is in the 
electrical and electronic fields 
and there are three major 
firms: Kennedy & Donkin .of 

Godaiming in Surrey, Meiz & 
McLellan of Newcastle, and 
Ewbank-Preese of Brighton. 
Together they account for 
about half the UK output. 

Electrical engineers from 
these and other companies are 
involved in designing, for 
example, supervisory control 
and data acquisition 
(5CADA) systems, the nerve 
centres of electrical, gas and 
water plants and the electrical 
control networks for public 
transport systems. 

Many are involved in con- 
sortia working on huge over- 
seas projects. ‘ Kennedy & 
Donkin, for example, is part of 
a 2 0-company group called 
British Metro Consultants 
Group, appointed five years 
ago to design a new $5 billion 
underground railway system 
for Baghdad. Electrical engi- 
neers are responsible for de- 
signing the electrical sub- 
stations for the railway and 
the overhead lines; and for 
laying down ibe performance 
specifications for the rolling 
stock and specifying the sig- 
nalling control systems, the air 
conditioning and controls and 
the heating, lighting and venti- 
lating systems for the station 

Maldwyn John, a partner in 
Kennedy & Donkin, says the 
institution qualification re- 
mains one of the most impor- 
tant attributes for an engineer 
working in Europe and the 
Middle East But the consul- 
tancy sector in Britain is 
finding increasing difficulty in 
recruiting and training the 
right type of engineers. 

One of the stumbling blocks 
has been nationalized industry 
which has tended to train its 
own engineers in-house. The 
arrival of privatization fever 
however, has lessened the 
security that many sought in 
the state industries. 

Mr John believes many of 
the best young people attract- 
ed to electrical engineering see 
the best salaries and prospects 
in the electronic sector. “But 
power is still needed, build- 
ings have to be lit and railways 
have to run. Good electrical 
engineers to design these sys- 
tems are going to become 
increasingly hard to find." 

Edward Townsend 

. Industrial Correspondent 

> ri* S'. ■(' 

, '7a * i v - ■*.!; 


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Plessey involvement 
with the BEE goes deep. 
I®** Plessey people have 
(jBr serve d as 1PP president, 

I Wy Faraday lecturer, chairmen of 
^divisions and local centres, and on 
the council 

As a major employer of electrical 
engineers we strongly support the IEE's 
regional activities, too. 

Our commitment to the IEE will 
always be active because ever higher 
standards, which the IEE promotes, 
benefit the application of our own tech- 
nological advances. 

In gallium arsenide integrated 
circuits, optical fibre transmission, 
phased array radar, digital telephone 
exchanges, control systems and other 
fields too numerous to mention. 

When technology is your business, 
it pays to work with professionals. 

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5) and 
15,908 __ 

ie an 


■ — X 




'■ * 

From voor portfolio card check your 
c%hi share price movements. Add twin 
up to grve >ou your . overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If ii matches you 
haw won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
-winner follow ^ claim procedure on the 
back of your can! You must always have 
your care available when daiming, • 

[No. Cwtpmy 


Gaia or 



Assoc Newspaper 

Newspapers. Pub 


Industrials A-D 


Intajiriali L-R 



Bassett Hoods 


Low & Boaar 

indusmlt L-R 

Nat A ust Bk 


Dominion [m 

Indusuials A-D 



Wagon ind 

lodusmals S-Z 

General Motor 


Tcsoared Jersey 


Reed 1m 

1 ltd na rials L-R 

Assoc Book 

Newspapers, Pub 

Canton 'A* 

Drapery Stores 



Etenramic Mach 




Mercury Iml 

Bonk*. Discount 




Inn iro 

An New Z 



In^mnialf S-Z 




Industrials E-K 

Black (Pend 

IndusuiaH A-D 


Industrials E-K 

Sam & Robertson 

lodnsiriais S-Z 

Im Tbomwo 


Taylor Woodrow 

Building. Roads 

Smoa Eng 

Industrials S-Z 




Industrials A-D 

Wood bouse & Kia 

Industrials S-Z 


Chemicals. Plat 





Tomkins 7FH) 

Industrials S-Z 

Garun Eos 

Industrials E-K 





Fond (Martini 

Drapery .Stores 


Industrials S-Z 

© Times Newspaper* Ud. DaUj Total 


Broad retreat 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings begun May IZ Dealings end today. ^Contango day Monday. Settlement day June 9. 
§Forwaid barsains are permitted on two previous business days. 


Pnca Cnga&ws Dw 
In on d* YW 
ftiaa v waa* paw* % PIE 

818 813 l«0n 




























2 X 




























136 41 TS.0 
!U U1U 

i.i uai 

40 30 17a 

2000 43 17a 
76 *S 116 
143 20 13.1 
10.7 2.1 206 
ISO .£3 2348 

73a U1U 
73 23 WO 

i oa 90119 

24.1 UIU 

£9 33 18a 
U 41 107 
80 £0 .. 
IS £7 105 
81 37 117 

Young 'A' 

WO 52 13.1 

41.1 1JD . . 
KM 35108 

11.1 38 128 

HI 38124 
108 47 28.0 

123 24 104 

104 38208 


Phase be sore to take account of 

any wrinnw signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 

1 218 
287 213 
60 S3 
188 12S 
MO 331 

377 2S4 
184 114 

27 22 

182 128 
8< 65 

B3 E5 
975 875 
726 531 
270 235 
152 73 

91 61 

29 18 

71 55 

177 8< 

27 IS 
-117 85 
83 SO 
586 482 
420 2SS 
166 124 
104 84 
106 72 

96 63 

01 75 

70 54 

68 94 

S>* 80 

131 105 

378 254 
113 95 
23» sa 

78 42 
234 MB 
620 428 
186 130 

282 m-7 




Baron dess 148 

BwtoyfBan) Conor 24 
Btfwar 186 

BankM Concma 70 
BoB Bra 88 

Bucftwya 935 

BtuB Qrtto 601 

BrMdanSOoud MB 2E5 
BncWnuM OodMy 134 
Br Dredging 82 

Brown if Jae 

• -8 


Saturday's newspaper. 

451 298 








M. Oran 

i Lon Sue* 

Frtea Ch'ga 


105 78 
91 71 

429 290 
198 128 
273 178 
183 181 
138 99 
485 304 
— 171 
27 23 

128 109 
444 308 

a 798 
234 118 
110 87 

Bryant 128 

Human 8 HoOam 19 
Camant-RoadMana 108 
Condor Grp 92 

Conan 556 

coiwrynos 416 
Crouch (Dataitl 134 
DOW (Georga) 190 
Douglas {hBj 102 
Ent> 94 

Ml 78 

Do 'A* 58 

FMttrGp SO 

Otffont 91 

ohm 8 Dandy On) 138 

Qaaaon (HQ 3S6 
HAT 103 

Matca) Bar 204 

Hawdm-SwaR 60 
Haywood VOama 218 
Higgs IM 585 
bon* Johraon 182 
Jarvis (J) 4 Sons 340 
Long (J) 448 

DO 'A- 486 

Lawrence (MMar) S3 
UtoylFJQ .76 

Umf (YJI 413 
MopMS 80ud> 160 

Mandars 273 

Uarttwb (Haatax) 175 
Mav 6 Haaaaa 127 
McAfcana fMred) 418 


• 42 



UonN $T» 
Mowlam (John] 





Hettngtwm Back 



SHORTS (Under Five 

SOI B7'.Tr*n 8V% 196486 
Wi 94’aEnh m 1 — 


99". . 

< 100 'i Bon 14% is 

103 100% Each 13'.% 1987 
lUV " " 

10V% 1L-- 
CTS 138V37 
10% 1987 
3% 1987 
12% 1987 

OS’* Tan CHJ'«N 1907" 

37'. 92'. Ban 2't% 1987 
101V 97%E«h 

X V ffiPs Pares 
V 95*»Tmaa 

96V 90% T. 

104'] 07'. Tl ... 

96% 92% Thun 7%% WM8 
1WV 96' r Each Ilf A, 1988 
102V Mtrttwa C8%* 1000 
94'. 88'? Trans 8% 107880 
102 % 83vrraaa 94 % i 08 fl 
107*i 93'] Data 11V% 1909 
107a 95'] Traas 104% 1998 
104% BS'i Excn 10% 1958 
HI'i 84’. Ban 10'.% 1988 
88 75% Exit 2’i% 1990 
107'i 04 Ban 11% 1988 
93*. 84"; Tran 5% 198M9 
106'. 94'. Each IIS 1980 
103*. 92*. Traas C9'.-% 1989 
92 82V Traas 3% 1999 

114'. 103V Iran 13% 1800 
-113% 101V Ekch 12V%(K0 
l»r 78% Traas 3% 1990 
100% 89'. Traas B%% 1887-N 
106'. SZV Traao 10 % 1890 

101 ". 

102 '. 





W •> 


101%« . 
94’. • , 
101V . 

io**ta .. 

1034 .. 

loas -v 

86 4'a 

1064 .. 

B3V .. 
1084 -4 

1MV -4 
1114 -4 

994# . . 
1044 -4 




























672 440 
482 340 
253 1£0 
323 188 
181 133': 
374 228 
109 87 
B3 70 
516 342 
548 473 
189 140 
413 329 
101 78 
175 138 
301 195 
288 246 
78 56 
204 174 
82 67 
87 41 

5M 314 
192 120 

Rotara AdM 


Sharps 6 Hahar 

Taylor 1 

iniy Ooo 
TravM 9 Amok) 


Vtoropto rt 













115 45 9 0 
157 63 142 

U 02 U 
81 39143 
.. 115 23 195 

.. 102 33 122 

-4 109 7.4 . . 

.. 45 

• . . 103 63 117 

• 42'r 54 53 242 

44 65 192' 

.. 371 45191 

203 44 OT 
143 54 25.1 

51 35 19.4 

45 55133 

. . . . 13.1 

44 54 7.7 
49 40 155 
67 303 21 
40 97 .. 
25 33 115 

243 44 lot 
85 23 113 
96 85 87 
85 55 14.1 
25b 25181 
47 S3 175 
25 32 108 
25 43 79 
5.4 S3 234 
93 65 145 
2£ 23363 

75 22 127 
54 52 10.7 

.. .. 565 

24 35 121 
95 4.4 143 
194 34 124 

65 35133 
25.0 e 74 11.7 
105 23 126 
103 2L3 123 
62 55 74 
65 72 98 
103 24 145 
67 42 186 
11.6 42 185 
7.1b 61 133 
54a 44 t 
(79 45 134 
7.7 33 144 
14 94 .. 

93 81 155 
-2 223 63 109 

•-10 187 15 173 
. .. 93 4.4 1S.T 

75 14122 
45 45 35 
.. 164 53 03 

-2 203 21 144 

165 35165 
103 43299 
123 40 103 
81 54197 
143b 42 122 
33 35197 
62 75 163 
134 23 167 
345 33 132 
75 51 115 



• 41 







• 4 * 


122 10 Mj 

Wamnuun (T) 
Wars aaka 
woman Bras 


w£5> (Cuamoart 
Wmpsy fGaorga) 







... 19 Mil 
1 05 85 275 
134 45 129 
104 61 146 
14 15 69 
68 35 132 
144 15 180 


17 12189 
14 29124 


110 % 




ns 1 ? 

121 % 

112V 99 Traas 11%% 1991 
94V 94% Fund 5V% 1987-01 84% 
110V OBVEaclt 11% 1«1 Wi 
IMP. 103 Tran 12 *.% 1992 
107*. 81V Trass 10% 1992 
■108V BS'i TmnCIO’1% 1992 
117’> lOOHExch 12*«% 19B2 
-IX'rlOSVExdi 13’J% 1992 
108 94% Tins 10% 1993 
-121% 103V Tran 12V% 1993 
01V 79'. Fund 6% 1093 

128 mvrmi 13**% 1933 

133%1DSVTMai 14'i% 1994 
122*. 97% Bdl 12'j% 1994 
127% 110 V Each 13V% 199* 

103V 88V Tmaa 8% 1094 
120 loovrran 12 % i«5 

78V 88'iGaa 2% IWtH 
110% OTaBtch 10'.% 1095 
IX lOa'.Trass 12%% 1995 
138V 112'] Hw 14% 1996 
103V 87 Tran 9% 1992-1 
142% 122% Hms 15'.% 1996 138V 

130V invert 13'.% 1088 
84V 74% Rcknpt 3% 1996 
lOSViOSVCon* 10% 1996 
131 110 Tran 13'.% 1987 
112 % 03V Each 10'i% 1907 
101% 79V Hni BV% 1997 
142% 122V Ban 15% 1997 
88V 73*. Traas «V% 199598 85*. 
107'. 88V Each 9V% 1998 104% 

HAIffilM 15V% 1998 
13*Vl05'.Btch 12% 1898 

107% ar.Traaa 9'i% 1999 
12B , ]103'.BCh 12’.% 1090 
114 OB'. Han 10']% 1988 
112% 94'jOom 10'.% 1099 
133V 111% Tran 13% 2000 












48 38V 
195 180 
393 291 
241 ISO 
158 106 
111 79V 

128 102 
tes (i 2 

05 57V 

136 82 
285 245 
180 138 
142 112 
20 15 

1*3 127 
131 100 
245 I 72 
298 215 
180 113 
4S3 330 

AKZO N/V Baorar 
AIM CotofcJa 
Anchor CT a adcM 

Bqn DM50 
BMnt Chan 
canMg m 


Cay (Horaca) 

do ora 

r ohfloo W rap 
Hanaad (Jana) 


















.. 400 


42 85 

.. 61 

♦V 700 


-2 80 

•"*. i'i 
47 95 

• 42 95 

• 42 85 

.. OB 

• .. - too 


• -3 





125% -% 

101% 79 

Koacbsl cneo 



VMS -% 




Imp Cham bid 




119% -% 
12*% -% 




















11#% -% 



Raabrook Mdtra 





134V RwsokS 




TOT. -% 





122% -% 
129% -% 






Gufcafto Qpoaknan 









VotkaMa Own 




88 .. 
27 06 
35 217 
61 .. 
85 175 
35 175 
.. 00.0 
61 215 
45 95 
45 68 
65 61 
.. 03 
45 125 
47 105 
45 115 

34 M5 
61 05 
15 220 
10 63 
25 175 






120 % 
122 V 
110 % 














.. 615 
61 20.4 
37 105 


235 179 Anon IV 'A' 
SO 27 Qnivlan 
3*0 178 HTV K/V 
358 263 LWT HKtgi 
360 IBS Sen TV A’ 
235 153 TVS N/V 
43 31 TSW 



59 180 



56 7 3 



50 89 




56 140 



Mb 43 11.1 










-HIV 91% Iran 
109V BBVCorw 
106V 98% Cm* 
111% 84V Onw 
04V 103V Ewh- 

10 ®’. so Tran 
H2V 93V Traas 

10% 2001 107% -I. 

9V% 2001 105% 

9% 2000 99V -V 

14% 10SB51 133% -% 

10% 2002 107V -V 

12% 100952 T20V -V 

9V% 2002 105% -V 

... 10% 2003 108% -% 

133% IIS'. Traas 13V% MOOU3 135 % -% 

123V 104 Tran 11'i% 200144 119 -V 
112V 94V -man 10 % 2004 iob% ' 
80V 48V Flaw 3'|% 100944 — 

108% 00V Cow 9'<% 200* 

108% 80% Can* I'A 2005 
117% 94% Each 1D'i% 2005 
134% 118% Tran 12'i% ZOOM 
95% 79V Tran 8% 20024 
187 V 108 Con* 01% as® 

127V 104V TMn 11V%: 

1 * 3 % 115 % Tma i3'j%; 

95V 91 Iran 8% L. . 

72% 57'jTraa* 6"i% 2008-12 
93% 76V Tans 7><% 2012-15 .. 

138 1I3VEW7I 12% 2013-17 130VW-V 

57V -V 
104% -% 
104% -V 
113V -% 
120% J, 
91V -% 
106V .% 
122% -V 
.138 -V 
91V -V 
88 % -% 










150 90 AMcon 
99 83 Aquascmnt 'A' 

88 79 Baraas (Jam) A’ 
208 138 BaouAS 
18 8V Backs Las 
650 387 boot Shop 


24 205 
45 185 
35 45125 
33 £0 335 


-48% 38% Cora*. «% 
42 34%WaUl3'i% 

82V 44VCWW 3'i% 

34 % 29% Tran 3%. 
29*. 24VCbnaok 2V% 
26% 24% Tmaa rfh 

46V -% 
40V •-% 
82 V .. 
34% .. 









123% 114V Iran L 2% 1988 
1B7V 98 V Tram IL 2% 1090 

108V Tw 9 2% 1WB 

107% 95% Iran R5V% : 
107V 93%Tran 15'AL^ 
I1DV 98% Tran 8 2% 2008 
Wi KS Trass a?.* 2009 
111V 97 Dan £2']% 2011 
9J% 7W.7ran92']%2013 
MB'. 97% Tran 12'r% 2W8 
MOV BV Tran IL2'i% 2020 



121 % 



110 % 




101 % 

100 % 












80S S25 
356 238 
174 84 

53 41 
355 305 
564 426 
268 145 
152 116 
112 02 
438 218 
518 348 
83 73 
715 510 
213 134 
274 IM 
134 38 

1» 105 
133V 51 
195 183 
■ 3ID 
110 87 

90 54 

150 89 

232 172 
45# 304 
11 721 
307 ISO 
33 25 

43 sa 

152 102 
88 TB 
38 24 

132 112 
226 US 
830 780 

, - iH 

Canon »■ 


Cons VMa 
Comma EagWi 
Carat* (Firm) 'A' 
DAKS Snam 'A' 
Oawtuat (U) 
Biltons Dtp 

EBs 8 QaidaMn 

Ely* (Wmwmra 




Roe Art Dsv 

R re (Mai m ) 

0.3 803 
135 £4 295 
6.8 23 WA 
13 23 300 
85 92 
35 127 
94 105 
88 25 135 
15 1 A 195 

43 1.3 375 

75 15 175 
35 47 92 
195 £oaaa 

5.4 £0183 

81 25 157 

25 30 70 
87 17 140 



S 45 95 


Da -A' 

Mmtt Lnakn 

Horan 01 Lana 
Joma gmaa o 
Lam* Rnta 


73 84 85 

i * 23300 

7 35184 
107 45 185 

JOB £1 145 
260 23202 
205 £5 173 
85 £7 197 
£3 94 59 

30 75 187 
120 7.9 HO 
65 7.1 17.7 
1.1 35 215 

60 52 196 
80 II 75 
111 1.4 27.® 

TOO S3 135 
55 28 225 
SO 19 144 
£9 15 485 

82 14 275 
95 11 124 
55 25 200 

123 42120 
10 14 190 
55 53185 
43b 25 291 
0.7 15 . . 

75 22 885 
75 81 124 
. . . . 32.1 

60 15 804 
60 44 335 
45 35 165 
65 12 15J 
17 n 22 154 
IB 44 133 
1*0 86192 
.. .. 326 

76V 67*i Tima PWrAxh 
199 MB Uttnwod* 
370 173 WW( 

33* S» V 
120 SB 1 
9ZS 430 V 



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575 in 
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300 2IB 

a ao 

220 14Q 
370 MO 
138 64 
SB 370 
2K 217 
U2 7S 

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Amnod 574 

Aprten Ompum 87 
Arlan TO 

WwWaCorrp aa 

Audhi Hflntjr a 

Amo Sac i 9 s 

see 310 

B 8 H Hi 

gfttfnrpa 52 0 

BrlMaceoi 2 M 

Drawn Dorari Kan BG 

11.4 34 280 

15 03 435 

1b 24 88 

• *Z 

35 13 91 
. .. 175 
21 11 133 
117 81 175 
£4 22 73 
100 15 182 
“ *2 18* , 

43 45 85 

CatMababm . 

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70 S3 

200 IM 

32 29V (MUD -A' 

385 2G2 Domino 
50 40 Oomlng 5 Mb 

21 s m 

4*5 385 

a 46 
02 42 

4.0a A3 36.1 

O.i a 02 
198 89125 
75 73 145 

1.1 45 47 
25 04287 

15 53 145 
STS 33 

75 42 98 
75 82 75 

72 34 195 

81 26173 
.. ..123 

43 21 132 
7.1 24 189 

314 63(34 
23 24 213 
05 15 73 

.. .. no 

19 105 

KLO 42 185 
25 35 35 
-10 255 54 MB 

Whdnafe rexng 

61 £7 112 

£5 05209 
75 28193 
85 37 123 
53 15 80 
61 63 106 

16 05266 

11.4 40 120 

43 4.72T3 
22 25122 
96 19125 


M6 228 
IB* 12B 
~W0 300 
181 110 
26 20 
2S5 m 
43 18 

27V 17 
363 183 
136 163 
19* 183 
46 29 

49 *0 
148 114 


Condo rar 
EqUty & Gan 






15 05 .. 
115 85 7.1 
275 64 47 


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Mitodto - 
raS Hah* 

Do 8% 








17.1 90 802 

57 £2 403 

13 5.4 108 

194 32 €76 

65 40 235 
850 45 282 

800 (95 


IN 128 
37 21 
381 330 
388 238 
128 97 

607 524 
330 3*0 
15V It'i 
335 230 
IBS 145 
108 98 
182 146 
130 73 

120 54 

182 142 
'183 146 

270 160 
253 1*8 
280 234 
2B3 22S 
20T 151 
319 251 
293 228 
an 758 
2S0 170 
323 181 
88 73 
587 499 
202 220 
110 B5 
95 SO 
620 505 

830 403 

115 S3 
218 <50 
257 215 
82 V B2 
292 256 
140 127 
246 157 
540 388 
418 3*4 

183 122 
213 154 
658 520 
383 265 
298 216 
289 218 
161 138 

Alpha DMw 



Assoc Bahama 10 a 
Anna 544 

Banka (Sdnay C) 200 
Etortwr 6 Dobaon 15% 
Barr (AG) 291 

•naan Roods 191 
Baton 106 

Ba*m 157 

Btoabhd Cord in 
Br Vh nJnp (BW1) 118 

SrolS£g PP ** IM 
OBtorda-Daotoa — -286- - 
Do 'A* 2«J 

CrAans 205 

Oaa 259 

Rohar (Abon] - - 773 
Fteh UhM 263 

Gttaa Oo*ar 228 
IlMtowood R»dt BOB 

Hfdg* 273 






4.1 26196 
26 76 .. 

11.1 32 167 

97 26136 
90 46 32.1 

1U 11 196 
146 92 93 
.. .. 2*0 
Til 42 93 
97 &1 116 
86 £8126 

97 18186 
76 76 287 
20 17216 
9* 31 1916 

98 35 95 
193- -4.4 120 
193 30 116 







Home Farm 
loatoDd Praam 
KWh Sara 
Lees (John 6 
low (Mai 
RMdwm (BaiaR* 796 
Mow Trade Srap 115 

"1 214 


mnhodi £® 
Nodto A Peacock 174 



• .. 

• -4 


Park Foods 

Rowmiw Mac 

3ompon m» 

Ta & Lyto 
Unii an 
waaai 3 nap 


21 2 
















97 19390 
92 ' 16214 
144 96 196 
09 -29174 
IM M 267 
44 £0 192 

90 2217.1 
49 39 92 
9* 14236 
7 A 29 191 

91 21 143 
46 46902 
174 31 196 
137 21 174 

70 95176 
14 06 226 
99 36 149 

29 42117 
104 34 144 

38 3914.1 
34 99 142 

30 34 144 
174 37 124 

74 £1 204 
4.1 24 194 

321 37 119 

93 29192 
124 45193 
139b 30 111 
93 54 184 


433 328 Grand Ma 
2 88 208 Kannedjr Broofcn 
391 312 Lxtnoka 
545 447 Urn Pam Howto 
IDO 78V Maori Chorion 
105 67 Prtnoe 0* w Howto DO 
79 58V Oueaw Moot 
405 371 Savoy HoHi 'A' 
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200 146 ThrathoiM Fora 

















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,S * I?* S*"* 8 ** CT8V 

75 BruhraWe Grp 10 s 

98 62 Bmara* 79 

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» 35 mgandGp 48 

in 110 man 173 

in 139 Bndport-Onfcr IS* 

JS £ IS BT m 

*23 296 Brekmt HB 
117 3* ‘ 

29 15 

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190 15 a Brown 1 Than 
39 19 Brnm (John) 

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336' 136 OiVM 
83 U Suma4ndaraen 
BS 55 Gandont Eng 
58 asv Optra frid 

132 49 197 




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176 36 196 

32 4.1 116 
£1 66 120 
04 1.1397 
7.1 41 107 

7.4 46 144 
09 0.7 7U 
06 *4156 
43 39 126 
190 9*127 



1.6 14 239 
07 26 ao 
20 49 9* 
99 97 11.1 


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840 SIS 

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133 .88 CMrtFadka Lynch tS 

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250 132 aw'X "0 
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20 V 10 CoadwwdTadi 



























09 93 

41 115 
1.7 198 
5.1 1&5 

32 133 

42 471 
.. 52 
49 97 
54 7.4 
39 176 
.. 136 
-- 99 
41 118 
97 105 

96 106 

97 498 
11 209 

33 127 
95 219 
.. 164 
11 807 
74 89 
11 86 

34 191 

aHaMg r i n iMkHi T N lwH 

daily dividend 

■ ■ ; £4,000 
aaims reqoired for 
+53 points 

Prico ChgoOmse ft* 
i#m on a* ng 
Friday week paw % p/e 


An DigaGmn D* 

IM bn Ar TO 
Prany nak pan % n t 


■ M 0" *» W 
Any w>8b pan * N* 

.. U 139329 
.. 14 14 93 

-7 139 21 212 

. . 109 99 195 

.. 21 14 

-1 114 

107 71 Comrane 

5* 70 Cera KuUonorv 
« COOkfWMl 
570 356 Coalman 
70 32 Capoen (FI 

M asv cosar 
*25 331 Cowan taa 
81 40 Cowan Da Groat 
172 121 creat Neman 
212 IS# Crawl Houao 
216V16BV Cwwm »V% 


10 * 

1 RU* 

310 207V DPCE 

23V 10% Darn 
W 48 DoWIMnK' 
22S 178 DMa* A Hawr w 
IIS 93 Dm 
10% 715 Oats 
259*171 _ 

280 188 

319 189 

nv i7v dwm Heal 
371 263 oakno 
»V 03 Dobaon Parte 
110 98 Dora 
11 a 95 OomUn Hi 
137 57V Dwarf 

-08 2S Dawk 

S 3 


Cl 76V 

20 1 
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99 UM4 

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4J 47174 

1-8 11.1 £1 1*2 

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49 49 1*4 

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32 49! 

69 41 — 

11.1 86 MJ 

375 £1 

67a 19 .. 

23 97*5-1 

17J 99 It 


90 SB 1Mu> 

124 - 78 7riptok 

231 75 Turner A DM 

281 M .1*0 

125 75 Uranp '- 

17 ni imw .. 

73 .- S6V Uaderar (KU> 
252 212 War 

500 2B3 Wdtara 

UO M2 wesrProdna 

• -3 

91 91409 
290 94.194 
7.1 32 9* 
7.1 29 114 

19 14C32 

3&2 34 1*4 











92 45 
144 66 
64 34 
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03 41 113 
114 *4 94 
10.4 97 119 

09 34 194 
74 £8 197 
74 .74144 
7.1 64 It* 
76 74 73 

36 £8149 

1» 118 
189- ta Wad* notarial 
348 190 MCatSdn 


SJ 95 21.4 
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E- K 

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84 56 WoodMttor] 

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371 150 Edbro 

277 214 B5 240 • . . 

40V 29V EM 39V 

i2D iasv Bern 109 

29V 17% B*an*a (AE) V «2S% •+% 
06 32 Baca (SI «s -1 

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144 54 

10.0 45 

98 46' 

29 98 ' 

90 17 114 

2HS 19V Ercssort JWA) OT 
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-Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Alfa’s new Romeo takes a bow 


Tozer, Kemslpy and 
Mill bourn's acquisition ' last 
month of the depressed Alfa 
Romeo cbocessibn m BStajs 
may lwn out-to be a-toucb-of : 
genius. When the news broke, 
however, there, were many in . 
the motor trade who tho ug ht - 
the big autoxDotiye group bad 
bitten . off more than it could 
chew by taking an SO p6r cent 
stake in a new company,' Alfe 
Romeo (Great Britain), with 
the Italian fectory holding the 
remaining 20 per cenL 
■ Alfa sales here collapsed 
from a peak of. 13,000 cars 
only six years ago to slightly, 
inore than 3,000 last yea t'. Its 

dealer network was aim felling 
apart. The number of model 
valiants imported was far too 
complicated to permit repre- 
sentative showroom stocks to 
beliebl and thi^ range-- still ; 
lacked a modem, sport saloon 
■in the traditional Alfa mould. . 

Since TKM took over, .two i 
si gnifican t things have ' hap- 
pened - Ford is negotiating for 
a- major shareholding in the 
state-owned Italian- company- 
and 'at long last the exerting ' 
‘Alfe 75 has reached Britain. 
Powered by an all-alloy four 
cylinder, 1.8 litre or bigger 2-5 

time of writing was stin in the 
negotiating stage and nothing 
can be taken for granted after 
the failure of its recent merger 
-talks with Hat and Austin 
Rover. But Alfe is very sick 
-with less than half its 400,000 
-oars a year capacity in use and 
urgently needs an injection of 
the American giant's pragma*- 
ic expertise. 

. . A merger would .bring, con- 
siderable advantages to both. 
Ford would, get the. prestige 
name it has long sought to 
provide entree to more profit- 
able up-market sectors and 
Alfe would get the partner ft 
need s for cost-saving joint 


wm?-- - * & AAmmii 

SEATs Malaga, bearing sales targets. 

V6, this replacement for the 
nine-year-old Giuhetta goes, 
on . sale here next week at a 
starting price of a little under 

£9 QQQ. 

The arrival of the 75 is the 
mosr important development 
in the short term. Whe at it wa s - 
teuncfieffmltaly.a. year agofl ' 
drove both, exanqjfes an- the 
demanding mountain toads.; 
around the Italian lakes and.: 
returned fired with enthusi- 
asm for the superb handling, 
road holding aim performance 
of this Cavalier-sized execu- 
tive saloon. The smaller en- 
gined version cruised happily 
on the Autostrada at 1 10. mph 
with power, while the 
V6 showed an indicated 135 
mph for a brief time. It is just 
the type of car Alfe has been 
crying out for to restore , its 
battered image hoe. 

FonTs involvement at the 

^ Japanese cars have been on 
sale here Tot heady IS years 
now and many of ihe eariiest 
examples are inneed of expen- 
sive engine and :geaifiox re- 
placements. But the people in 
the know are getting them ala 
fraction of new prices - from 
scrapyards all over Japan. 

Stringent road test laws, 
combined with road taxes 
which increase with a car's 
age, mean that Japanese mo- 
torists scrap their cars at a 
much, earlier age in 
Britain. They have also a 
much lower mileage because 
'.'of. 'Japan's relatively . short 
jt>hd network.: ; 

Autbparts , International, 
’ wftb workshops at Gre«afbrd, 
Middlesex ~ and Winchesters 
I daims to be selling about 150 
ex-J^ian engines a wedc. Ibey 
- are not reconditioned, but are 
.said 'to have done. less than 

25.000 miles (petrol) and 

50.000 (diesel). Each engine is 
bench tested and comes with a 
six-months guarantee. 

API claims thattypkal sav- 
ings ervernew engines are £620 
on a Toyota 1200 Corolla 
engine and £520 on a Datsun 
120Y Sunny. 

Corner garages have not 
been slow to appreciate the 

„ ‘W- '1 

, .... .. . 

-rv. t*-, 'I 

^ J 


Wl p? ■ 

E The Alfa 75,<m salepext week. 

savings. Over 80 per cent of 
API's “scrapyard” eng ines are 
going to them. 

Road Test 



J ’ SEATi the Spanish car mak- 
er now in the process of a 
takeover by Volkswagen, be- 
gan selling its cars in Britain 
only last November and de- 
spite delivery holdups from 
the fectory is already beating 
its short term sales target 

In tire first four months of 
the year it sold 1,985 cars, 
giving it 0.3 per cent of the 
market It is significant that in 
April, the last month of that 
period, its share rose to 034 
per cent, or 573 cars. That is 
twice as many as Alfe Romeo, 
winch has : 6een established 
here for many years. ' - 
. These figures are stiBpea- 
niiits compared with those of 
major importers like Nissan 
which bolds 6 per cent of the 
British market They are im- 
portant, , however, because 
they suggest that SEATs pub- 
lished target of 1 per cent 
(about 18,000 care) within 
three years has been set delib- 
erately low to take the heat out 
of the controversy still threat- 
ening to boil over about 
Spanish car imports. 

The S panish market is vir- 
tually closed, despite newly- 
acquilred membership of the 
EEC. butSpain has unfettered 
.access to the markets of 
Europe^ mdndnig Britain. 
Bamers. wittbe. progressively 
lifted; but it. will be at least 
another five years before rea- 
sonable equality is readied. 

Politics aside, the reasons 
for SEATs initial success here 
are clear. The genual quality 
of the two-model range is good 
and prices are very 

The Ibiza Supermini and 
the bigger Escort-dass Malaga 
are not exactly trendsetters, 
but they are cast firmly in the 
same -rather -stereotyped 

mould as the bulk of the 
competition. Safety first is not 
a bad strategy for any 

SEAT sales literature makes 
great play of the Porsche 
designed 13 and 1.5 lean burn 
engines used in both models, 
but 1 was rather disappointed 
by the very. ' lumpy, cold 
running and excessive noise of 
the 13 engine in the Ibiza I 
tested nearly five months ago. 
I learned subs e quently that it 
had problems with the 
carburetter setting. That does 

Vital Statistics 

Model: SEAT Malaga 1.5 GL 
5-door hatchback 
Price: £5,995 

Engtnre 1461CC 

Performance: 0-60 mph 12.4 
seconds, maximum speed 103 

Official consumption: urban 
31 mpg, 56 mph -57.6 mpgand 
7S mph 44.8 mpg •' 

Length: 133 feet ; 
Insmancet Group 3 

not surprise me. The System 
Porsche engines operate on an 
unusually weak mixture of 
around one part petrol to 16 
parts air. 

The 13 unit in the Malaga 
tiatohharir I have just driven 
for a week was much better, 
but still ran hesitantly for the 
first couple of miles. Once into 
its stride, however, it deliv- 
ered its power the 
accompaniment of a pleasant- 
ly robust exhaust not& 

Inside, much thought has 
been given to the layout of 
switches. They are grouped to 
the right, and left of the 
steering column in two fiat 
binnacles - a development 
pioneered by Citroen many 
years ago. Unfortunately they 
are tucked under the steering 
wheel and partially blocked by 
the thick spokes. 

The seats are firm in the 
German pattern and the whole 
car feels strong and well built 

Tie Malaga is available in 
hatchback or notchback 

Hindi# & Walker Ltd . 


1885 -C- 740 OJE Saloon's. Choice ot Six. AB tow mBeeoe + 
tuB spec + history. - from: « 9950 

1888 ModefC 780 Turfio Auto Saloon. Low rnasaos. Our 
-Mil’s car.- - £15750 

1988 Modal XT 760 Turbo Diesel Auto. 8000 mries-CUSSO 
1985 760 GUTs. Choice o I a From: £10950 

1985 740 QL Saloon. Choice of 3. From: £ 8950 

* Pita .otar 60 other used Volvo’s In stock. 

* All new Volvo's for every day delivery. 

For immediate attention 




U.TTH auit UATwa. asm 


41 VI, L-voyuHiUj lUHh Maura, 
utviu tuwa. iiko mu> » i n —, 

am - u>ra mr moo - mw 
*■ *xs amour 

KTtllM. Hll HkW'*nW 
• ■Us UM 

WIMBLEDON. Ask lor RngtT Hamilton. 

01 946 0123 iWivkdavM. 01 642 6604 (Sunda\>V 

^ THOlvtAS ) 

£■ Co(Oli»wck’ LU1 | 


0a UCttroea 


Accord 3 Dr Exemhc. Ana. 17,000 mb. PAS. SmrooC Metallic 

ice Muc/blue vdoor trim— .S4.7SP 

Accord 3 Dr ExecKjre. Auto, 16000 mb. PAS. sunroof! Metallic 

dst tdoe/btae vefcwr mm — 758 

Accord 4 Dr EsccMfrc.2QJQ0 ads. Bose/boge vdosrtrim. A/C. 

dec windows. PAS, 5 spd geartxn £4,775 

Aeeonl 3 Dr Amo, 16.000 mb. Metafile sdver/fahie tnmMs&S 

The dM vebkfes are 1 ante. FSH. 6 mantfcs lax & 12 maatfas 
rTtrndrd anuty. 

Tel: JOHN LANGDON 01-646 4575 




Zr. ***** 





Audi Oaten Caspt HMe. Ex- 
tras. Horn El 1995 

Haros Fad VB Lews 85. 

BH 320 Low Mileage. 82. 


Piggad 205 6D fed New. 


Msnm tiaza. B3f<^so 

Haa 1888 Tmla 68. C750 

nme 0382-541 26fl 



Talephoni tor Prime 

0462 678191 





Auto. Air cm. Supereowr. 
£17.050. Td: 01 487 4464 tof- 
nev) 01 731 oaso monte). 

September 1984 metallic silver. 
22.000m. Chertsned ptate VJE : 
I L Qrst or VJE arts. Immacu- 
Ule oat owner. £*.260. With 
18 months ielt of Nesan extend- 
ed -warranty. Owner going 
abroad. WISBECH 585607. 
RANGE ROVER 4 dr auto 1 983 A 
silver. Vooue wheels, air rand, 
various other extras. 35.000 
mb. superb mromihoui. may 
warranted, any inspection tn- 
VUML £9450. 01402 3II0.T 
ual Blue /diver, air conamoned. 
ermse contra! aic. ’ i fffiflrd 
3.700 tidies since new in April 
198S. Iramacutele CdndfUon. 
GTE URN* ASTRA C R«S 1 own- £9.993 0604 31066 T. 

er. Whfl*. sanrooT. 7JDOO m. ESCORT XR3 1982. Stack in «x- 
C&.780. 01-837 66O7TT) cetienl condition thrautthoul Hit 

208 on 19^6 3000 maes. rated 

sunroof, house purchase faros 5? x 5!2 1 ‘ — ^!SXi T J ,t ’ £3 -* iD0 
sme.. £6596. OBM. 220663. Tbt -Birfled 46606 Evnm. . 



At Jaguar. waknow that you, as a businessman are 
fuly aware of aD Sie to aHowances i^en to you. 

And how the interest of any finance anangpmeiUan be 
offset agrtnst taxable profits. 

Wtet you may not have realised is just how easy 
it is, and hew Bttle It can ast to raise the profile of your 
tmnipafly WBi ff»aayjisltion of apre-owned 
3uxuyar. ‘ 

As Jagiar Apfvrived UsedGhirS, all tfie rmtioes and 
njodets feglayed.'at parStipafttg J aguar-Da tos are ■: 
under 3 years ddthxn cbtetffnsl rcgisirallOT, witfi 

less than 40,000 recorded miles. Every one comes with 
comprehensive ewer todwfing parts 8 labour, together 
with RAC membership. 

But only after Jagar babied technicians have 
earned out the motor indietry* most rigorous and 
uncompromising pre-sale Inspection to brir^j 
them up to Jaguar* exadtogshowraon standards. 

Ensuring otiy the finest examples.are avail- 
atj*e for your appreaatfba At prices that depreciation 
will hardly touch. If that doesm impress your accountant 
&iy him the car. 

1985 C ReQi st miDa FUshed 
n RMB with savffla grey 
tartar intBnor. One omw, 
16X00 mtes. 


C8m IMh ar Jack Brants 
0784 36191 m 


S2n MAY 82 uOo. s a ooomflm. 
Graphite MM- Extra*. CASCO 
tVn-O- TRXM94 446008 




latte. JSOOOm 


toatgriRntinm ZA3£ 

aWaUSCStMriSdM. Bade, fabric 
Cimmp. irinOOm- £0996 


tPJ Vtt r-TTPt (tadOH Wteg w m. "N* 

vata. Him HKeno«Md wr aeptmn. MrRM » 

Br Jta hoi Um a da varag tm 

KdAtanm • . . 

“VP m '££$2Sf*' 

TeteptoMg 0203 77211 . 

1983. JUS. 42. SSWO mOes. 1 owner. FSH, JMM 

1983, XJ6. * 2 . 40000 ndK. 1 owner, 

1982. XJ6. 4 2. 30000 nN«, 1 owner. 

1982. XJ6. A2. 32.000 ntfra. 2 owners . 

1982. XJ8. 4.2. atOOO m*fi, 2 OWMS. F3L 

1963, XJO 3.4. Sl.OOO ma^l own^ P ^ 

1979. XJ12. SJ. 54XB0 mta. 2 
1970 XJ12C. 5A 2 Ooor Coupe. 48,000 mOes. F»C_a^88 




Unit 26. Smiths industrial l^ate. 
JO ** ^bourS (060^63031- 

1986 944 

White with burtjundy 
interior, 4,000 mites, sur 
root, 4 speaker stereo, 
starm. Rot vaienca, b 
new. £19358 

0734 883196 

911 TURBO 

1983 A. Darit metallic green 
with bege le ath er mienor. 1 
owner, utras indndc, up of 
Ox osar Pioneer Hi-Fi, car 
irirphonc . ESR, doc vn- 
dews A A/C. 1UB0 miles. 
iwiMwihK coamtxai 

£3X250 .. 

‘ Dsytime 0895 832162 
E^Whoadw 81-M4 1U3 

MrtaHir navy Hue 
W«h mateTtfoo Mother 
1984 31X00 ptn«». 1 owiwr. 
FSH. AB extras, tod. ABS. 
ESR. aJdrack- A/Cond 6 
Btauponkl stereo. New tyres, 
discs 6 tax Private me. 

fvata ieW> « POW ! 


TOIMN 492 

. : Pcfteht 928 S 2 auto 
- - defcny ndeam erty. 
Gusib M/Btak leader 
unenws exes 
£8380 ofl nuttahdmn price, 
must go a £34:000 
Ta 038881 80 



1st ngenered 21st August 1358. 
Foashed a Cwarac bta vie Isb 
tattler uDhOfcteiy A 60 spate 
wve wheels. 4 soeed transis* 
sun + overtme. ongxal 14 Un 
engiae. AwteNe hr mraedtaa 
export. Clssrfied s vntige. 
£16,750 ndUfing tax. 

Contact John Proharl oa 
346 9M1 or 349 12*1 

JAGUAR C TYPE »« atnomaoc. 
1971. 46.000 mOes. paie bfiw. 
good rondKtOD. C73BO OOP 
Trt (HI 0732 BiS 180 (B) 0892 

LM.W- 2000 TOURING 1972. 
While. saOOO ntfies. excellent 
condition. £3£00 otto Phone 
0303 39243. 

Ml SC Toraa Sport. WhMe. 1«3 
Y roflteered. LMD. 32-000 
mUce. fun service htmry. «ram 


Ad AuqoR 1985 Cnhte bta 
JbbmTjS WE wfli uter 

of trad tw and nanjlac&ns 

B^SicainSS 1 ge»«to 
•wind- Umepamble 

rjnfaei Mr Soutteel 
Q903 ww™ 
or Evaangs sprang 
Car phoea 0888-373 026 

Ml SC M area 83. dac s/ava. 
air. aunt, alarm, ■/roof. FSH. 
saooonwa. New car cnrnijjtt. 
hence JC17.3QO. Tel: KM94I 
916063 I now) or <0494) 
8161 16 eomco. 

eda, oae Of 294. white 

or «te*te N C Prtye«e wfe 0860 
338629 or 0703 091702. 

LEEDS(0532) 508454 : 

,|i 'j;' 1 #. 1 1 V 1 w ' 

■8”r r . , "’* ? . W "*-»L ' 

PtA.1 anevtous owner. Inw- 
utwe in evefV wGV- 
hMory rar ttHedne to l ack of 
«ne. £6.999 CnrtWeJJMrtn- 
piale araHaMe -TeUCBOO 
888816 MKe Mural 

low m U raa i ■ n« 
ry one imW owner. £8^00. 
Tel' 0272 876093- 

E TYPE MOItt 287*.. OB, 
CWW Jto Hue. ^ 

MOT 1 year. RM 53000. 

JS«88. TdS« ■ - 

■ ** . 19BJ/86. 

Chafer Of 4S WMR TWVSV- 
£4 J9»£19LP00. EG. 2t>*wtett- 
m T«fU-6S4S83SEteCXCn. 

■ 1 4‘J 1 ■ m 7* f 1 rt r : T - ' : ■* /TV 


PORSCHE *11 Torbo body, 
guards rad. tap loL Her son 
roof. eshttaraliiaB. Only 
£9.780. BOS 2666/363 0857 
■dl BJOO. 

•44 *5' Registered, white with 
burgundy Mfrwe. 4to00 miles. 
S B. 4 meaWrr Dow. alarm, 
rear valance, as new. £19.950. 
Rina Daytime 073a 8S3i9n. 
•sue SPT ere. v. Guam red- 
berner. POM. new ctatch/reee 
lyres. FSH. 'wartnai Feb 87. 
superb £16.750 0083 893039 
m> / 30661 no GuUafDrd 



EXTROVERT EXPRESS Torn hods and make a fas 
Psawd to spwfcltog Peari Whirs MnalEc rath M Black 
LuHw Recaro S*«l£ Hurt tevtowed la baluHy appncGnL 

SUMMER SPECIAL Gw the wind ia vow hair nntb ifcir 
B555ii~BtS5a 911 Cafcnoln. Piunad in eya^BciiBs 
Pawl Whitt MenlfiewteinvuyipraiBl'RBi-aete'wnwtswn. 
uw pto n with a Ban Mated Date Board. PDA 
TRUE BLUE SPORTS CAR A rery ram npponraiiT w 
patten a mmJskob lotampurS4 camwtibb Thtklttk 
pwnwatk a canateiantad b» a tra*r taomos* MaoBOba 
mdar ■MariK Expanenct a nwdera daxaic he £45 .850. 
CAN YOU STRETCH n a Manafat RwrbI Unworn? 
tea iDa nar spa a 7 aa sa ate add 4D" n pnwida 
eteuffavr driven nndbn to ita grawl aria, fetor and enjoy 
vow lavaumx wdaa or ixmpae) dbc nlto samptog a dm* 
haw the mdoari cabloaL Pteind in Metafile Btock. tfab car 
«31 noi nw-niardi your Mgtoai CB&500. 

bamand Blna Mautoc antoktoa Valour upMsurv and fined 
■I* atenkeyadBSSWhoWsnnd side paaeh.Fm rng stand 
Haveaber *85. vro offer ttos tonnatolHe car m E23SSS. 
MAOWBCEWT MERCEPE5 500SE firs refstntd 
Mav "84, this Amtoaou Breyi car bes «ebs seats and 
rmdt extras toctodtog ar BwStooJnj, sonreot. and ABS. 
Qjdy 19JK]Q ootos. £22.895. 

Wbrld Class Cars 


12 Berkeley St. Mayfair Wl 

MBtCBIB 420 SEC. 500 SEC. 
RENAULT 5 GT Turbo. Elpace. 
25 e&. ■ 

AUSTH 80VBI moamadeto. 
VOLKSmsai God GTu Tirto 
desal tat 

VOLVO 74A 240. 380. 340 moat 

misaiE To Order. 



TEL: 01 208 2099 

MB OMfts CMP» Wife Ex- 
tras. Hew £1X995 

Haras For! VB Extras B5 £0995 
Pantta 944 (ton. wtia. sui mat 


Pngeot 205 871 Rad few 
G08 6T1 Bte*. 5 door, new. axsas 

O a *W5 . 

Wav 1008 TkmSn G6. C7S0 

Pbne: 0382-541260 

ttttt TTT 


Auc. 1885/88 modal. 

ROVER 3500 SE 

Auto, 1984 B feo. Btc maOUc, 

Coted Bnv Jotoson. Brute 
Si Motes. Bristol SL 
Bnrvwam. 021 622 2777 

Turbo - 

C reg. Titian Red, 
Usual refinements. 
£13,950. Finance, 
PX available. 

061 832 6121(T) 

JNSt ROVER ttX2 V Rea. 4 
door, allay unwoto PAS. tow. 
bar. 60000 ndn flood 
condman- £7.496 ano. Tefc 
0269 £588/0069 2027. 

R B OTL C Reg. Jan 86. S weed. 
Mack. TAX 51/12/86. 3000 
miles. £4.750 OOP. Rraoon: 
Trapsferrad overseas. Tete 01 
588 6666 <w) Ol 63S 0062 Ull 


6 Sod. Gray/gray velour. 4000 
miles Returning to canad n . 
force* tee as now £i&90O 
coo. Tel: 0934 743132. 

Two lone rauer/biM*. B reg 
May 85. 9.000 miles £6750. 
FTtm ip nee wih buy.Tot: 061 
483 6080. 

emiOCM CX ern Turbo flntotied 
in paarl grey imuiijc. OnHvery 
m fl raa* onfy- £11-995. Canton 
Brian Wilke* on 0792 73391 T 

escort lax free rales sncctattsL 
D 6 A main dealer. 061 224 

TOYOTA MR2. C reg. 3.700 mis 
only, maliy as new. Pearl 



Phone Pater Lock or 
Steve Cess NOWI 


* Setf-employeffand 
business users we take 

' any vehicle in any 
condhkm as • deposit. 
Free dafivary anywhere 
-- in the UK. ; . 




Specialist dealer 
for your Audi.needs 

Tel: (0227) 457611. 



• OH HUS I 1970 
Me boon, aou, comptote iwa 
terns 7(n ■ern aa 3 yrs (ter 
naooo spam on engra agon Wt 
2 vrs «c compieR engra wuai 
wtfi nas tXocts Oy 0 ftete ASM 
Uann Sima Agsnr only 5^00 
rms aga tertenr warpta of 



TV 01-486 8738 Om or 
328 1822 eves/wcncs 

A C 428 CONVCRTteLC Red 
with rruontela leaoher ptped bi 
red. Magnificerrt. W-edgeo in- 
vestment £36000. Details 061- 
860 4776. home 061 -998 2260 

aipa R0iH» spiscr z^raere.- 

yeiiow. 17300 mlt. now hood, 
spedailsi mafntenwice. 19 milts 
MOT. C3JOO. 0604 63024 01. 
0327 830767 tW. 

C Typo VL2 197S. aaiomaDc 
roadaur. 22.000 man only, red 
wuh a cream hood, hard lop. 
bege interior, unmaculaie con- 
diHon. £17.000 OOO ToUOl 203 
6775/5628 or 106601 333583 
MGS ST VS 1874 Chrome Burap- 
er BrRtoh Racing Green, 
escedom randioon ami running 
order. Present ownership 6 
years. Slark forces retacxani 
Me. £3.950 ONO. 049969247. 
>838 R-B Phantom Id. A rare su- 


usrras of covernrr 

Open 7 days. 


30JDDD mtes. panooal pWas (IP 
ST conawllfe, nvnwiiatoaM- 
dtnn In stogr gray ttaWesa 

2SB SL HERCBKS Goto me- 
lafls (F) no. CAdora cr. 
Gonvetibto new iratoral hook, 
dished tort, nta 'bras and 
wlwris. 91374 rates (must be 

TaiDAYTWE 81-287 0143 

BBHHGS 81-441 1487 

H Otolin M TK ESTATE, 

1982 (YV raa. ounniaf. low ter. 
rev counter, one driver, dealer 
meXntalned. £6.960. Tet 
roMOzai 34orw/owi 6 eve) or 
neooara SIJO Ida yj. Bncto- 

we SE. 19B3 V Reg- nOvw niue- 
aaoya. eieetrtc sunroof- cruise 
control, blue velour, wash/ 
wine, good condition. FSH. 
£H.99S ono. Te LtQB2Tl 68461 
(day) or (082785) 640 tevsL 

zsou (..'ll. exceneni condWon. 
w two. metamc. low mileage 
Lots of e udiA L ch ccn c wh»- 
dows. atr raudUkmiafl. 
radio /cassette ole. £6X100 ono. 
Te) 01-664 1070 ev» 


5 gprad. Jdy 84. PWGonri l rag, 
hoy with mattang Iran- 13JD00- 
otoes only, exon] toddng. ttoo- 
tnc wntows. tinted gtoss. 
aunaaf. spto raw seals, mfio- 
asstUe. Ita d tom p wash nape, 
fid settee history. UK supplied 

TEL: 8282 881KS.T 

MEW SHAPE R38E Hoy 83. C 
Reg. (Bamand bhKyblue doth 

388 »EC 1983 A rag sever Blur. 
ABS. Alloys, air cun. S/R. 
27.000 mis. ttnm aciil a w coodt- 
Btm CZ3-WXX Tel; 0993 
850194 W/Ehds. Evas. 

4S0 SLC 19B0 Inca Red. betge ve- 
lour. aDoya. e,sunroof. 
C/conlral. Berlin stereo. 67.000 
miles. £10.990. Tet 0990 
24036 (34nni lOFn & Sup 

280 SL C rag. State Red. Alloys. 
Roar saaL Etc. As new rand. 
Under man- warranty, low mis. 
MSSJtBO. 0625 530369 T. 
M TWCSBf* 280 CE 1978. rag 
B86 vt. 28^100 miles, immacu- 
late. £7.980. 0782 395430- 

lady owner. Lovely oomHUon. 
RegWetvd Jan B3. Champagne 
metallic Low mileage. £7.995. 
Please TdeWwoe: Ol 630 7302 

2400 1984 20X00 miles. Ivory, 
rad M. sun roof. «o»o. 5 
speed, lyr use. Immaculate. 
£9X00. TH«62 713373 

scmacco srs. sa arapha 

01 735 0631 

MUSH COUPE GT, 1984. Silver 
Cro r ■■ Black and Red Ini— Orig- 
inal Owner. Good Tyres. Only 
19X00 miles, standard extras. 
V sc.. GTJSQO (U14. contact 
Harry- TrIXl 1-622 9336 any- 
time after 1200 lire Friday 

on S DOOR June -8S.1i Adas 
Cney. E.W. C tocsong. sun roof, 
stereo. £800 on extras! 11.000. 
mues. immaculate ctmdltton. 
£7.500. lei <77072 73842 eves 
w/ends. 09328 62611 esX 

GOLF GTPs 6 Convertibles. New 
3/5 door Saloons. New Con- 
verdtaes. Auto/Manual in all 

colours, immediate. 01-938 
1593/1406 (T) 

GOLF Cn GOHV A reg. July 84. 
24X00 mis, tunruowe met exc 
rand £7.500. Ol 228 8889 




Mercedes Benz mam deal- . 
en. Underwriters Sir late 
and tow mileage Mercedes. 

MERCEDES. For the best price on 
your late low mileage Mercedes 
Please ring 0703 768949 it 
anytime. T 

35081. Hard arte soft lop convert- 
ible Immaculate 1975. thistle 
green. 68.000 mues. J2LS00 
ono TM: 10761) 70677 

no TE 1984 IB) Silver, electric 
windows. 7 sealer. 30.000 
miles, service history. £1 1.600. 
0892-42700. (Tunbridge WeUw 

220 AUTO, 43 FPT. 1969 blue. 
MOT and Taxed, vgc. £1360 
ono Tet 01-035 7486 


ZStt SL Lapn Uuc, alloirs- cruhe. 
7.000 mite. Auo 84. £22600 l 
H rwNM Of Worcester 0905 
57219 Sundays 0906 359197. 


BOO Ml ■8249J300mte. Metallic 
Hue. every concctvaMv extra. 
FSH. Cl 1 .980. 0302 63673701 
T9 430 SL. Air cowl. <dmb. 
FSH. Above average n, to hew 
£11.500 02518 2908 m‘ 
1981 380 SL While f blue doth. 
aHevs. private reg aoX IS. 750. 

808 2555,363 0857 Bfi B OO. 

391428 home cums garages- 
BOO SEC Aug 82. Saver. Hue ve- 
lour inu elec state/ windows/ 
roof/ minacB.airraii.cati/nKl 
+ standard spec, image cond. 
FSH. 40JX»mlS. £22600. TEt 
01-623 2323 f24 HID. 

3S8 SL Red. Auto. Beige cream 
interior. Hard soft toss. Alloy 
wheels. Stereo radio cassette. 
Rear seals. Y reg but ndd 70‘s . 
59.000 mites. Superb condWan. 
£10.000. Bedford 711404. 

UO SL W reg. tec* Red. AuSO 
PAS. E/Windows. Radio ste- 
reo. Superb artanal condition. 
1 owner. Service hww. 
20X100 mis only £15.750 Tet 
Medway (KeniJ 0634 48588 T. 
190 £ AUTO Choice of S choke 
of colours, from £11.600. Con- 
tact Brian Johnson. Bristol St 
Motors. Bristol SL Birmingham. 
OBJ COB 2777 

380 SL Y Res Only 7.000 miles. 
Silver Ona ABS. Alloys, rear 
seat £22486. Tbt 0753 
BS78TB (Office) 0990 23B19 
(home) ru 

180 E to 300 SEL Brand new. Td 
QIO 32 SO 31 22 27. Mr Robert 
Dhondt. Yantaan. 3 Bradene 
8401 Betotuoi. 

190 E AUTO 1984 Low mueege 
High spec. BeauUfoO rat. 
£10.945 PX considered- TM: 
0329 833516 m 
190 C MERCEDES C r*B- Nauti- 
cal blue. au». etocroc sunroof 

* windows, delivery mileage 
£i 3.750. TM OI9ST 8094. 

M MERC 380 SBC. Air cond. 
ESR- whech. ABS. 1 pwnr. 
FSH. Anove average mis hence 
£22.000. 02610 2908 
91 MOB 180 ML Rad. ten ve- 
lour. Alloys. ESR. btaupunU 
Mexico. £11.600. BOB 2535 
363 0857 an aoo 
380 SL. R«4 ranverwrie. 
mis. aUtVL 1983 (AX £18,760. 
TeRPtlOIK 0703 049 229 

(homer. 003 sec isi iohiopl 
280 SL 83 A rag 35X00 mOes. 
FS.H. Ownpagne. Allear 
wheels. Manual 5 spaad 
£16950 Tel; 0590 22092. 





used Silver Spirits 
in Part exchange. 

Open Sundays. 

041 882 3381 

smjvoti sratrr ugm. 

Qyaler. Darn Brown velour uC 
iwtotny. 29.000 mis. £3i osa 
nenm of Salisbury 0722 

Grertooed oa pan 28 



All classified advcftacmeats 
can be accepted by telephone 
(except A nn oun cem ent!)! The 
deadline b 5.00pm 2 days pner 

to p oWfcuron (le 5.00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). SnoM 
yoa wish to said an advertise- 
ment in writing phase indode 
your daytime phone n um ber. 
PARTMOfr. if you have any 
queries or praMons rebiiug to 
your adv ei t s eme m once it has 
appeared, phase contact our 
Customer Services Deotounrat 
by telephone on 01-481 4100, 

fWM . z Bor dm drew Fri- 
day tin June Spin. 029 576 630 

~:j i - T t-'j ■ : , .tlT 1 

to VWt, 9 Park DM 5L Oxlom. 

Babtorton SL. Lowaon Wt. TM 
01 SZ9 6183. 


today. Canewaoiadons tram 
Mum and Dad. 

wanted. 01 CBS 9449 Oar. 
Eves oi 3S7 4609 ana ox 303 

a/%. o/r. tn In bouse wtlh gar- 
den. £160 pan exd 074 1600 

■ ' , ' II. ,V"R.. ' - ' I, 

CD Best prices said, centre 
court or court i. oi-737 2632 

ASCOT BOX wanted Mr Royal 
Week. OI 839 4803. 

WIMBLEDON We guarantee Id 
nay ni nttasi for centre court 
seats. Phone Robin Richardson 
on 01 836 2630. 

ALL MWEUJOnr wanted. TW> 
cash. W unarm. 43 Lanin 
Conduit St WC1406 8538 

ALL WWW mow Ttoucn 
wailed. Centres- No i*s. Bat 
pnea paid. 01-839 8233. 

wanted Mr lar ge poa aae com- 
nany. OI AST 6078. 

WM8LEDOH an DM wanted, 
not tor resale. Best prices paid. 
Ol 430 4530. 

WntnUPPON - MP Prices ter Cen- 
tre Court seas. Ring oi 836 



ture. All white. Exdnstve to 
Harrods. Expandable table * 
parasol. A ommtable dun 
wtm pink and green striped 
cushion. DrHky trolley. As new 
ton £2-500. £1.800 am. Tel: 
01466 6284. 

iRunML Student aooounanL 
£56 p.w. avail, ratnm ana. 
TefcOI 071 3579 na 
OCIHIt altiaUl ve o/slt. own 
bath, tn large flat Men smoker. 
£60 per week. Trim 362 7415 
D4 Prof tn/t to share modem 
town house. Mid 201 o/r £46 
pw. 049161 2386 aft 7.00. 
FINCHLEY. Person la share (ML 
O R. N/S. 2 Item TUtH-. £40 
pw excL Td: 01-446 6637. 
FULHAM. Prof M/F O/H U large 
luxury house. £60 pw. Tri: Ol- 
736 6300 eves. 

MH I HU TWI Female, cat lover 
re share attractive flat. o/r. 
£50pw, exCL Tri£l 221 0421 
m/f 21 n.4. Own room with 
cade beg in lux dl 2 Mins BR. 
£55 pw cxcl elec Tel: 499 6070 
Ext 247 

CALMS WS m Door mod flat- 
O. R. use of other rooms. Close 
Bidway tube and shops. £130 
pem end. 01-840 3726 lev tU. 
DULWICH VtLLAOE Prof person 
n/e- o/n in owns- occ hoe wuh 
dog. £0000 pw mcl. Tri Oi- 
406 967ada-l/T33 2490 «e«M> 
CLAPHAM. O/R m Ige flat nrsta- 
Uon- Sbr wtlh 1 other. £87 pw 
excL Tri: Son 720 0507 home 
or 036 0951 


ROYAL ASCOT Box urgently 
wanted For private overseas ma- 
nor. Reply to BOX K43 or 
telephone 01-235 3628. 

WIMBLEDON Debentures and 
ballots wanted Mr privaie com- 
panies. Top prices paid- oi 228 


Let your care 
for animals 
live on 

by remembering 

s >^\the PDSA 

or sold. Whanu Queen. Chess A 
Cau for sale. Tri oi 701 8283. 

of people need 
your help to 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 

TaM s and n» cMre by jatfng 
UK d ts n sw and craftsman. 
Wahid wtb Oat Hsfeogany. 
Scan ifMnmf in Attantm 
A supwli tat. inusod. Ctenge 
of pons fora sale. £4350 + 


OftM (M83| SMHL 



Wonders Cortoafost Ties, da- 
sign nahial only £BJ» per aq yd 
+ VAT. Wool mb Berber carpers 
4m Bide Hessian backed £435 
per sq yd + VAT. WMe studs 


141 Wandnurib Bridge M, 
Panes Gnu. SMI _ 

Figurines, animals, etc- want- 
ed. 01 883 0024. 


adtusUbte stool worth £80 sup- 
plied wim any piano over £800 
purchased during Juno. Phone 
for free catalogue. 30A 
HMhgate Rd. NWS. 01 267 

and rmndmoned. Quality at 
reasonable prices. 326 Brighton 
Rd.. S-Creydon. 01-688 3513 


•LETCHER SMBOAT 17 fl . 160 
hp M e rc u ry, new trailer, very 
little used. £2.600 TdKOSKXZ) 
888815 i OH Me hound 

MMMjp £1935 LOOS 
Lamte rwoo l y n eck ■ stubun 
Coif Shoes from £27.50 - 9 Ry- 
der Graduate Irons £138 ■ Jtm 
Farmer Golf to Leisure. Dudd- 
inmten Rd West. Edinburgh 
031 661 4501 .Callers only. 



oedrm. fully equip. Immediate. 
£675 pan ina. t phone. Tet oi 
727 7973. 

ska - Perfect enmate. fabuKnn 
wwerspom.. sapexv Mod. up- 
. limited tetne. Humane bargain 
prices for May and June deps. 
Bladen Lines Travel. 

Ol 786 2200. 

8100 OFF n. Hoi Turkey Bar- 
gains. Lowefy Beach Hotel Hum 
£199 toe. ftt. H/B. free 
w/soom. Also cheap Ota. OI 
526 1006. 




Diabetes Is not infectious but 
it can strike anyone. ltisaiS 
incurable but we can fight 
ilradara^ andsuflenngh 
can cause- every year mofe 
than 1,5 00 ctuWren develop 
diabetes, the hidden disease. 

Johns in (be 


Anne Straa. London 

*« llivmivn liWl 

Kendnglon. ON TV 24hr ewtod. 
Ox. Coumpnam Apts 573 6306. 
ST JAMES SWL Luxury 2 bed 
futtv furnished serviced apt nr 
park. Ol 373 6306 (TX 


BAYSWATER O/R wftfi terrace 
In mod me nr Prof F. N/S. CEO 
pw inc eve/we 01 243 0397 

FLATMATES Botectfm Sharing. 
WjU eatab Introduc to ry asnrtcc. 
Ptw M for appb 01-889 8491. 
313 Brampton Hoad. SWH 


Cuntinocd fraagW 27 




1975 Origbuf Mack coach 
work wtm tetaefc leather trim. 
Private plate, cruise control. 
60000 miles. FSH. B new 
white wan aim Juct 
s e rviced. Absolutely stun- 
ning & in Pristina condition 
throughout. Must acQ hence 

. £x 0^430 gaa 

Knowte (05645) 4167 


S Registration, Scot Pm 
excellent condition. Meticu- 
lously maintained. 75,000 


Tel: 01-486 8738 days 
328 1922 eves/w*ends 


1968 brakes and gear 
box overhauled. 
Present owner 10 yrs. 
Paint work needs at- 
tention. hence price. 

Tel 0753 49374 


won West of EnvOOO CHUB. no- 
tary- w ar r an ted. £11.600. SOB 
2666-365 0857 oft 800. 
■ Ward. 114X100 mis. May MOT 
£11.960 936 1613 •ve/w'ead 
pen HME SBvcr SWriL eHT^riva 
or chauffeur Other WMCHl 
avaiiabl*. 01-3409380/7902 T 


Reg Phene 06T9 63060 8 ay 



SAAB ie* I TURBO a Door. 
1986 C Reg. Dark raeMWcsray 
with dm* w haoter trim, 
dearie vauroof. vary tow mU^ 
mot. £13.995. CaurateraMe 
savfnaau new. White Morse G3- 
rage. B us, hours Tri: Banoury 
60753. Wkmda/Ewtt Bantxxy 
55262 or 89612- 


Aug 1979. 11.200 mfles ofoy. 
Tomatai bfos/fawn btonor and 


Tel J Hunt 

FERRARI 5M 8TB. 19B5 14X00 
mb. Mtudr btue. FSH. OMs 
over £30.000. Tet ofBoaltra 
0565 54814. home 0665 


White /black leather interior, mr 
cood. PAS. 21-000 UXtes. ex- 
tended warranty. 1 My owner. 
£8500. Tet 01 340 8171 

ALPtME AllO Snorts Car. A rag 
MetHBc Mack. Ugh spec 
20000 Has £10600 cow. Tek 

107471 4316. 

LOTUS EXCn. 1986. 7X300 mUm 
BRC. tmr hide upbotaay. 
PDM. BlaidMmia stereo, supem. 
£13.900 ana. (0462) 856681. 

1676 ROLLS ROYCE C —urpra . 
2 door saloon. Finished In 
Fen Land wtti oltve Interior. 
w, w tyres. OtdstandtnuOoodl- 
Oon. £22300 Tet 01-262 

TH- 01-748 0821. 
TEEt 935439 USCMS G 



6A13.1&/6 £109 

5AH.tfl.15JE £119 

47.14/E £109 

HWits from Gafpfc*. Mnctafor 
and utter airports (sifaj to supps 
and ml.) Superb selection of 
vis/Aflt, smal frtendty bold b/b 
accoro at EIO-WO aba per wck 
nc. ApprapndE transfen. Mad/ 
np sennas etc. Details instant 
phone /onto can! bookfogs 

«anvu houuys 

Tot: MwiH ai Df B51 834 5B33 
Tot StmfBaU 0742 331101 
Tat Luntao 01 251 S45E 

ATOL 2034 

Pmcock blue. Hiding roof. 
52.700 mum. fsh- radio Phone. 
£18.000 ooo. axrt cond. TH 01- 
681 1911 or Ol- 225 0291 

I REB SILVER wei r. Magno- 
Ha. brawn everftex. beige hide. 
23.000 mum. FJS.H. £41.975. 
061 7934322. 00942818771 

«*■ Width olegaM. £23.950 
■mo- 01 730 3952 morvsaL 

6252/01-602 1020. T 

It X IF H U T . Oeoraan sever 
with Mur feather. Fun fUcainry 
history. 6&COO rote. WWte wafl 
lyres. 2 owners from new. 
£23.960. Oor cb cMer Garage 
0625 877727. Usual trading 

BENTLEY FI In gem Pl an dw 
with Mack hkte& everftex. doc- 
tor owned, service history, 
warranted, only C8EOO. 805 
2555/363 0887 aft 8.00- 
SILVER SHADOW H 1978. Carib- 
bean Blue. Magnolia trim. FSH. 
94.000 mis. Lovely condtttao. 
£11.960 Tet Medway OCenO 
0634 48688 T. 

82 BEHILET WBL 1 A R H C . For- 
est Green. Beige Int 1 ownr. 
FSH. Above average mu hence 
£24.000. OSfllB 2908 CD 
BDfTLSY MARK 8 41* litres, 
dark arty. Na v anBur 19SO. 
34^00 mites. £7.995. T*f 0832 
636166 daytlfnc. 

Ei E D .VO"-! i — 
'.VAP'.'.'iCKS CV 12 3 NO 
"EL :02C3j AST. 13 


IP!! 01-3700611 



6749 Do|ta Bite, IwtastM 




B Bmam BuhL tatHMa. Paste, DoneL 1202747331. 

Havtag weeaksed m Hit iri* m! amend Tnunpb sags for nmf mss m 
can oopoffef He sane nrvfca M the TH7. IRA CWdbUb and Spnu omw . Maw 
SUg spats si stw* tacMog our specai on CRnofy radaes. 

£Ai > Atoars a surf, toed Bided setaokm of ^^ 1| 
PA mmiSligtn stock. MtofonmtkMd. 


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2201. ABTA 1ATA ATOL. 


Benz Trawl Tef Ol 38S 6414. 

tin. Tracetwua. Abta/AtaL 

MALAGA. Taho. Lowest farm. 
Ol 736 8191. Am 1893. 

SWir /g R r A R P Scheduled Otghts 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


Aficante 6/6 fr 285 
Ganona 30/5 tr £71 
Malaga 6/6 fr £89 
Tenerife V6 fr 2116 
HaraUon 3^ fr 2125 

Most European Oea fln B- 

chcaf mam Woraiwide. 

Haymarttet 01-930 1366. 


Con::.;:;; Hire.ti-as^q 

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vehicles, 15 minutes of yow time is all we need, 
to demonstrate how Contract Hire can slww 
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Example . 

Fora company paying axporonon tax at 35%, 2 year 
contrads, 20,000 milm per annum 
Tola! operaHag cost Ford Granodo 2J)STCWa • 
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Contract Hire 

saving £885 

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BMW 316 £47 AmfiWO £56 

t3 year contracts for business users*, mduides edi 
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vehidos arva 3 yean RFL 


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BUN 329 — . — 



( Je djfc/fe ( < }if 


Exsnpies of cur compebth* rates include; 

EkhI n kBB £41 pi (Mw UELtM £96 

» 4 *_faM 03 pi Wn TflGL-frai £52 

I run tH £42 pe fata 611 — taw £47 p > 

We wl buy yuur existing care. 

684 7371 ABTA. 


Ta Bn Steppes 
of Rassia . 

Up the Nile 
To Katmandu 
On an African Safari 
Down the Amazon 
Fran K389 far Ifl days 
Ta 83J 56 B far 28 whs 
Ring now 


Hate Hotels'? Curt find 2 cwirfort- 
HUa rite for 27 nw is a mm 
dm torthe Hscamno camto to 
stay m soma at tta most krnrtaa 
heroes in Grace. Dus to American 
cancdeim. m bum one er two 
tec® bmy houses on Cesfo to 
Jm/eady JHy. Mtti pool beach, 
raw. cook sendee. Each aupto 
tan bm thWoen prints betooom 
and tearoom. We nasrstrass r. 
petes are totaly uvoromsed. 
and cerates can be as 
prrwste/rodimB as they pfehi £249 
- a«ta. £199 - 1 eft. toe ftgbL 
Lirated ptocas fflng or cal in for 

L*Un America & Europe Mr 

fares. TH: 01-437 7S3* ABTA. 


Holiday Wands 0141364383 


CRUHC Tartu* ta bordi crewed 
motor yacht 2 wka June 3/17 
£366 pp tee fits. Whole boat 
ntotabte other me g from 
£1000. FTee W/aporu. h/b. OL 
526 1006. AM 2091. 

TANC TIME OPT M ft**, nm- 
wnfos. BrusuMS- Braeec. 
Geneva. Berne, Lausanne. Tito 
Hague, muto. Rouen. Bou- 
logne a Dm*. Tbiw ocr. 2a. 

- swxx 

-7BQ. 01-236 8070. 

CYPRUS Junes July /August i or 
2 wK» HoWo/Apfo. fiettodoied 
«»- «» World Holidays oi 734 

MENORCA viltos. a parthteUB. 
tavernoa, tH dura avail. 
May /June speOaK. ugh Meson 
from £126 . CdUc Houday*. Ol 
309 7070 to 0622 67707 i or 
0622 677076 120 BTO AM 

MAMMA Puerto Mlema. tieau- 
Ufui mo un ta in s, i bed AxlpooL 
boHo. gdns. nr sea. moa dales, 
fir £80 iw inc. 01 948 KOo 



ware harbmh jaw 1 Wk. 
£169 3 wk» for a btaalirul via* 
nr u*c ire ijB to is June Ex 
Oetwidc. Ol 734 2662 pan 
worl d Holiaays- 
fPORFU sectodod cnoane In oltve 
grave. 8 nbi.samy beach and 
BMps.Sto2-6.Avaa 3/6. 1 or 2 
Wta. JE169 Ind mghL Gorm ■ la 
Carte 0636 30621. 
ssisvr sin otter 4 jt^jnc 
lax AM bob tram £149 np. roso 

1 1/6 to te/6 TabStraaia 0708 

iTimT:-’ 1 

Fresh in the.Euung C3rairh 
Anniversary Stakes at New- 
market today , to see if she is 
tbe sort Kfcriy to wo ®e 
coveted Queen Mary Slate at 
Royal Ascot next momn. Fffl - 
th at is precisely what she 
looked at Newmarket at the 
beginning of this month when 
she streaked home Tv seven 
.lengths to win a race confined 
to maidens in a much faster - 
.time . than the smtHt ’ Qnd 
Esprit had taken /to. bear 
Mster Majestic over tte same 
course distance only has 
an hour earliest - * . 

Now the difference is that . 
Naturally Resh will be talcing 
on other winners as wdl as 
giving plenty of weigh* to 
maidens, whereas before die 
was simply carrying the same. ; 
weight as others . who bad 
never won. What cannot be 
disputed is the fact that her 
farm Iras worked out well. 

I will be disappointed if she 
fails to drew attention to xbe 
observation that sheer, wight 
of money does not guarantee 
success. /For when. die. was 
bought as a yeariing. Naturally 
Fresh cost only 6,000 guineas, 
whereas Lashing, one of her 
rivals this afternoon, ebangpd . 
hands for £450,000, which is 
the going rate on the interna- 
tional market in Kentucky 
where she was bred. 

Later in fire afternoon, it fa 
hoped that EBF Ashley Maid- 
en Stakes win also shed some 
light on one of Royal Ascot's 
more significant races, just as 
it did 12 months ago when 
Sure Blade went on to win the 
Coventry Stakes having 
scored on his debut on this 
corresponding occasion. 

- This time, I have a good tip 
for Brave Dancer, Guy - 
Harwood's first two-year-old 
Tiinner ofthe season. He is one - 
of the first crop of the yotmg 
Mill Reef stallions, Pas De 
Seal, who was a good two- ~ 

yem’-old himsdfbeftHe a hair- 
Hne fractare of the offTore 
rgnwm h nn e required pinning 

. As far as the DBA.t 
Queensbury FStksT State is^ 
concerned, 1 am content to 
give Bqd Nasd another 
chamice even tbo^i she let the 
side down taffiy when die was 
made favourite for the race 
that Zataxia. won. on the ojRa- 
i ug day of the Craven meeting, 
it transpired that Royal Nog- 
get was in season that day, 
which exjdains why she 
dtapjied away so tamely to- 
wards the end. Last year, she 
Ascot, and second too behind 
Ala Mahfik at Salisbury. And 
i Hpi & rode soSd form, in 
receipt of weight, she should 
beat Zalatia and Meteonc at 
her best ^ 

At Tfahsk, bier stride com- 
panion, SaatDd, will be ex- 
pected to break her duck inthe 
Hmire Maiden Fillies' Stakes 
especially if form- in two 
riatw* trials means anything 
at aft. For Samilri began the 
.season by fmnhnig second to 
the Oaks hope, Gezedeh in the 
Pretty PoHy Stakes at New. 
mate. Then rite filled fourth 
pface m the Musdora Shakes 
at Yoric, bat only dme lengths 
behind another Oaks candi- 
date. Rejuvenate. 

Still at Think, l dank that 
the Lambourn xaoder, Aadga 
Soda, should manage to beat 
the other unbeaten colts, 
Count Treviso and Ffauriey, in 
the DSRM Sporting Salver 
Stakes. For when he won first 
time out ait Salisbury, Amigo 
Socio beat two sub se quent 
winners. Singing Steven and 

As for the day’s nap. that fa 
entrusted to I Got Stung to 
give 5tb to Ehabw's promis- 
ing young sister, Sunyiyn, m 
the Coopers Champion Nov- 
ice Hunters’ Chase at Strat- 
ford thfa evening. 

P (llLRil 

K£fe;i]:i Kl*vl 

;l y\ 1 u 

•- v*. rm fa - 1 • • • ■ | 1 ’ ^ *■' r 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

1.40 Santfld. 2.10 Just One More: 2.40 Amigo Sucio. 3.10 Kudz. 
3.45 Regal Capistrano. 4.15 Rambling River. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

1.40 SantikL 2.10 Just One More. 2.40 Count Trevisio. 3.10 Kwtz. 
3.45 Regal Capistrano. 4 . 15 Silent Majority. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 4.15 RAMBLING RIVER (nap). ‘ 




.19. 40000 IA(HJUnPfeUel4M.fecCannicfo34-1 



■ 1 6«MZ RMBUU«VR(a)(q(Utaai«^^ 

2 030000 CWMQOtD 
4 0200M- &WWQMG 

*4<g«ay, la-a ao«» ppofostyM ■ 





Crucial Sunday gallop 


•Sr ■» v ■■ 

Kr ** 


. . -Dancing. Brsve gal- 
loped at Pulborough on Sun- 
day to determine wbetber 
Khaled Abdulla's impressive 
2,000 Guineas winner is fit id 
lake his chance in next 
Wednesday's Derby. 

On Wednesday Guy 
* Harwood announced that 
Dancing Brave had knocked a 
bone in a joint below the knee 
and had lost a small piece of 
skin. Yesterday the Sussex 
trainer saidiTl still don’t think 
. .that it is :very serious, and 
.'providing - Dancing Brave 
works satisfactorily, GreviBe 
Starkey will .still tide the colt 
.. inline Derby.** \ 

Confirming that Aflez Mi- 
lord and Bakharoff had given 
every s&tis&ction in their 
preparation for the premier 
■ ; cfassic, Harwood cootmixed: 
“Only in the event of Dancing 
Brave being withdrawn. 

By Michael Seely 
would Bakharoff be an- 
nounced as a runner on Sun- 
day. Otherwise the situation, 
will remain ‘the same. 
Bakharoff win be declared at 
the four-day stage of accep- 
tors, but will only be in the 
line-up in the event of soft 
going at Epsom." 

Backers of Dancing Brave 
need not yet lose hope. De- 
spite die well-known saying 
that big races are seldom won 
on interrupted preparations, 
the Lyphard colt wm already 
be a finely-tuned athlete and 
was cm the best of terms with 
himself after cantering yester- 
daymonting. There is, after all 
a recent . precedent. 
Commancbe Run bruised his 
knee a few days before die 
1984 St Leger, but recovered 
in time to rave Lester Piggott 
his record 28th British classic 

A decision will be taken on 
Saturday morning as to 
whether Pat Eddery win be 
required to ride Wise Counsel- 
lor for Vincent O'Brien or will 
be free to take the mount on 
Bold Arrangement. At the 
moment it looks as though the 
former champion will be on 
Wise Counsellor, as after a 
single bet of £5,000 each way 
at 25-1 with William Hill, the 
price of the Alleged colt was 
cut to 14-1. 

"Now Fm just waiting and 
hoping,” Clive Brittain. Bold 
Arrangement's trainer, said. 
“Pat has committed himself to 
my horse if he's free. But 
naturally I win now have to 
get in touch with Chris 
McCarron, who is on standby, 
and give him an update on the 

Other Derby news yesterday 
was that Richard Quinn has 




Nomrood, the chosen Derby mount of Paul Cole’s stable jockey, Richard Quinn 

. ■*'. 

W..J X’sSip^S^'- 
» VEE***.'.?-* y*t%$**: 

elected to partner Nomrood, a 
strongly finishing second to 
the new Derby, favourite, 
Shahrastani, at York. As Paul 
Cole has announced that 
Tisn't win be withdrawn, Phil- 

ip Waldron will now ride 

• An appeal by Brian Procter 
against a £150 fine for riding 
an ill-judged race on the 
Queen's Red Shoes was up- 

held by the Jockey Club's 
disciplinary committee yester- 
day. The Salisbury stewards 
imposed the fine after Procter 
finished third on the three- 
v ear-old in the Druids Stakes 



Going: Good to firm 
Draw: No advantage 

£3,210: 5Q 00 runners) 


10 JAIS 

.102 - 

W ; - 

1 W 






m • 

) {G ShropshtrrtJ Motor 0-1 
AM McConmcx8-13. 


lashing ■■ 


UMBEL D1 (USA) <1 

i Scott} DBswxth S-11 __ 
rt Trussel Ji) B Hnbvy 88* 



. )NCafaghan8-8_ — 
F(C MdarnR Amwongi 

M Mb 9 


2-1 Naturally Frasb. 3-1 Tender TW. 5-1 Lashing, 1M Jafeatnor. 8-1 Dream 
launch, 10-1 (Jn EM 0. 12-1 Last Stand, 14-1 others. 

bade m 5th when Goodwood scorer (6f. £2315, heavy. May 21, S Rani Previously 
MaUJICT {^j J^Mesa fitft 31 at Baft (51, *1264, flood. Apr 29, t4 Ran). 

Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

230 Naturally Fresh. 3.0 Princess Andromeda. 330 October. 4.0 
Royal Nugget. 4 JO Brave Dancer. S.S Insular. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
•230 Naturally Fresh. 3.0 Princess Andromeda. 330 AD Hair. 4.0 
Jtayal Nugget 430 Maintain. 5.05 Peggy Carolyn. 

JriichaelSedy’s sckction: 4.0 Royal Nugget 

"io COWUNG SELLBfG STAKES (3-Y-O: E1,B3Q:-1m) 05) 

tboaoo nanor (r — ; — NQurawcnA 

'-c SUcCS: 







2 T0 



000-000 COUNT kUAVTVj 

03-0000 REP ZULU U R an) L 

Prentice) MEBmhad 04 
KCGawntt) A Davison WL. 
)E Carter 9-0. 

tnftaftP Hasten 80- 
1 90- 

-gs sssssssi 

nooo HOCWOLD PHWCE3S ftifa M 


■ GStaihiy 7 
PaMEddwy 1 

■ MtmaS 

H. Thee 13 

.C Wane 8-11. 

OCT MTiiSdne 8-11. 

8-1 V. PMEddaiy2 
CTM_ ROaaetIO 

ft finite (7)3 


3-1 KeepCool, 7-2Passl«xtfSiy. 9-2 PHncaea Andromeda, BSSSerlo,7-1 Court 


AtoHott, 12-1 OOwr*. 

•T" ■’—»-* «• 

mTuMiR ia aara-PASSlOMPLAY.AUtoa rnaDoaaranDa.ln 19K(8-U) was 21/41 

P. May 16, 19 




| 11) In Chep ^ow | 
Selection: KEEP I 

^ IPIl'LAI. tuuiuii luauunia nia ■■ l|i I Iffiffitnwws 21/41 

i>^winiiWiiotiarCl^^^B.aggdto ftp.O rt 1 %WRai4 

£ HKIIJwa* out ol first 1 1. KEEP COOL, tatad Off » h J»P“ 
lBMa5toSaoiohJBjlIilLNnvcaa8eJndn (Im. £1554, soft 


Going: soft 

Draw: mkkfle to high numbers 

630 E B F DRUMLOCH STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 ,000: 5f) 
(9 runners) 

1 1 maaJHWSMMS Norton 94 JL0M2 

2 31 HAHRY WJtfftC-O) J Bflfry 9-4 Gay KMawy 7 

4 BffiAACADERO u ChBpanan 811 bMctwla4 

6 404 HUGO ZHACKEHBUSHCTaiUir 841 M Wood 9 

7 03 MdUSTON M H Eastertry 8-11 HOdh3 

11 2201 MR GRUMPY p) Deny* 8-11 . DLaadhaterP) » 
13 O SBOn-DOimjHsIdanaB-ll KD«%5 

17 MULTI SP WALj KM!VW«fl 8-8— RWdcewrtl 

18 041 HATIOirS SOHO 0QR Stubbs 86 JH Brown (5)6 

9-4 Harry Hunt, 3-1 Dunin.5-1 Mr Gnunpy, 13^ Ingiston. 

8-1 Nation's Song. 10-1 Hugo Z Hackenbush, 16-1 otiwrs. 

11 2340 BAAS S Norton 9-0 JLowii3 

13 0 TRY SOIJW Watts 941 NOoonortonB 

16 00 BAVARIAN PRMCESS M h Eoswey 8-11 — MBUfi 6 

17 BROOK'S D&EMMAMMwo 811 A Bondi 

13-8 Ms 

Datefuns. 9-lltHS. 10-1 GaniB's Gold, IE 

SELLING HANDICAP (£947: 1m 40yd) (13) 

10030 Moran. 92 Try Sir, 7-1 BrwA's 


1 090 TWtSENCOW , . . _ 

2 2020 SWOT RIVER Mss I Bel 4-912 . 

3 0032 MURJLLD fB)F C»r 10-9-9 

4 . 002- EARL'S COURT R Francs 1097. 

5 0400 FAfflGRSND Chapman 997— 

8 009 ABJAD R Woodhouse 5-98 . 
10 40/0 TEEJAYP Sevan 7-94 


J Lowe 1 

J C*T m 7 

40N RU NN E R 9 
_ osfciE&iia 

A Bonds 



040 NAIC THE GAME J Rowlands 4-911 — R Cochrane 13 

Hamilton selections 

By Mandarin 

630 Dunlin. 7.0 Miami Dolphin. 7.30 Margam. 
8.0 Murillo. 830 CBM GirL 9.0 Target Sighted. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
730 Mozart 9.0 Sir Brett 
Michael Seely's selection: 1J0 Miami Dolphin. 

WHISKY HANDICAP (£2,236: 5f) (8) 

s ss gaBaaSaaisu— 


2-1 Mtond Dolphin. 7-2 LuBaby atoeL 9 3 Bay B azaar. 6-1 
Pwade Girl. Hfinnd Ce teb riM on. 191 Tradeanan. 

12 309 TARLETONP BOhan 94-1. 

13 090 N0RWHSTLET Craig 891 

20 903 MAHTELLA M BnttsVn 4-912 

21 900 NAIC THE GAME J Rwtenti. 

22 900 HONEST TOKEN jmTCraa74-11 COwwII 

25 0000 RAPID STAR (B>GHaman3-7-13 GMMd4 

11-4 Miaino. 7-2 Swift Rwer. 4-1 NorwtwsDe. 7-1 Fairgreon, 
191 Trtoenco, 12-1 Name The Game. 191 otoere. 

If) (11) 

1 090 BOCABAY BLUE M Camacho E Gaeat p) 4 

3 900 PAORC PRINCESS J Emertngton 4-98 M Wood 1 1 

5 920 HOOMMWNjgK Stone 8912 ?Dmr9 

" 7 042 CBM BBLOTR Wbodhouse 898 A toad 10 

0 090 LOTUS PRINCESS K BndaraW 88-5 — rr f K* 1 ** ? 
10 401 RUN BY JOVE JB) njSA)S NO^ 395 (88*3 JLO«1 
12 400 COMMON FMMMBnlttjn 394 — KOerieyG 

14 040 NUOOLA (Q E Indsa 4-7-1 3 l_ 

15 OCT ZJO PEPPWO T Cram 87-10. 

18 290 BOY SAIfflFOftDjC-D) W Madae 7-7-8 , 

17 0/00 AL MURTAJAZ W (US^ R StuMJS 87-7 . S Weinter 7 

94 C B M GW. 7-2 Run By Jove, 81Zto Peppina 192 
Rocabay Blue. 91 Moondawm. 191 Parade Princess, 12-1 
Lows Princess, 191 others. 

93 PINTAIL MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £137: 1m 

3 0 GAME SET MATCH A Jarvis 90 

5 000 OLE SONG R Ho«teh8ad 94 

, MB— OR I 

AMecKay 5 

I NCadWe3 


£131 0:00 (8) 

3 334 GARDA’S GOU3M Britain 90 


7 000 MAB3TH0M M H Easteto 


9 42 NADASmSNOrtimM--—. 

10 00 NATIVE BlAGEMPreso* 90 

_ S Parks 6 

Matttvws 94. A Band S 

J Lavm 2 

Q OtdMd 4 


Oliver is 
a success 

By a Correspondent 

Robert Oliver added to his list 
of successes at the Royal Bath 
and West Show yesterday when 
he won the large hack class on 
his own seven-year-okl. Rye 
Tangle, the 1985 Leading Hack 
of the Year, and then took the 
championship. The small hack 
winner, Osborne Refrigeration 
Russian Heights was reserve. 
Robert had won the Ridden 
Hunter championship with The 
Handyman the day before. 

The championship in the 
pony breeding classes went to 
Carolines Kitten, a three-year- 
old filly owned by Mr and Mrs 
Leu Bigley. 

Roy Trigg rode racehorse 
trainer John Dunlop’s six year 
old Just w illiam to win an 
excellent cob class, in which Mr 
and Mrs R Creber’s Marshall, 
ridden by Robert Oliver, stood 

RESULTS: Jumping C*b»«8Mtiydiinii 
cuk 1. J Greenwood end A Fenton 
Mon Santo (G Greenwood 2. Westward 
Devetopmarts (Tomes). W‘jSg“ H Jj 

KDeriey 5 
N Horn 2 

8 0 MOZART BHarbay 90- 



3 0 l«S^Ksm«i90 DLeedb—effl/ 

15 0 JESSffiTBWBreJSW9son811 CDwynrl 

2-1 Taraet Sorted. 11-4 Mr Wt»tf9t*»Mame._ 91 
Mimlntmtn lT? Game Sot Match. 191 Sr Brett, 

12-1 Native Image, 16-1. others. 


Sussex’s ambition 
sinks with Imran 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

LORD "S: Middlesex beat Sussex ~ 

by 84 runs. 

' Middlesex had plenty to spare 
in beating Sussex yesterday and 
so qualifying to meet Not- 
tinghamshire in the semi-finals 

of the Benson and Hedges Cup 
at Lord's on June !1. Chasing 
Z57. Sussex were bowled out for 
172 in 48 overs. Rather than 
Cowans taking the gold award, 
for picking up three good wick- 
ets in the first boor yesterday, it 
went to Butcher, who had made 
an excellent 65 Tor Middlesex on 

Sussex quite fancied their 
chances of making the runs they 
needed- It was a perfectly good 
pitch, not without pace. But 
Cowans had Lenham and Gould 
caught at the wicket, and Green 
in die gully. He also had Imran 
dropped at first slip when he was 
one, a sharp chance to Radley's 
left. When, as now, Cowans 
finds the right line and collects 
an early wicket, he does bowl 
very well. 

Twice Sussex looked as 
though they might be going to 
make a game of it: first when 
Green and Parker were adding 
32 for the second wicket: then 
when Imran and Wells put on 55 
for the fifth. But first Parker was 
run out, then Wells. Parker hit 
Cowans straight to Gatling at 
mid-off, and ran. _ It was an 
aberration, and with lime to 
take aim from no more than 1 0 
yards Gal ting threw out the 
middle stump at the bowler's 

Wells and Imran were giving 
Middlesex cause for some con- 
cern — they are both among the 
best hitlers of the ball in the 
country — when Wells, sent hack 
by Imran, was run out at the 
bowler's end. A rather untidy 
return from Radley to Emburey 
was just good enough. It had 
been Imran's call, the ball going 
just in from or the square-leg 
umpire, and although there was 
probably a nm there it would, at 
best, have been tight. 

At lunch, Sussex were 1 14 for 

Kent have to 
travel again 

The draw for the semi-finals 
of the Bensoa and Hedges Cup 
was made at Lord's yesterday 
morning. At the time only Kent, 
who woo at Derby on Wednes- 
day, were certain of their place 
in the next round, and they were 
given another away draw. Kent, 
looking to win the Benson and 
Hedges Cop for a record fourth 
time, will face Worcestershire 
on June 12. 

Meanwhile, Middlesex, by 
beating Sussex, earned them- 
selves another home tie, a g ai ns t 
Nottinghamshire, who had ear- 
lier woo at Chelmsford. 
SEMI-FINAL DRAW: Middlesex v 
Nottinghamshire (Lord's); 
Worcestershire v Kent (Worces- 
ter). Ties to be played on June 11. 

five with 22 overs left, and 
Imran 29 not out. Soon after- 
wards, Edmonds bowled 1c 
Roux and Reeve. Imran, a 
towering figure in this Sussex 
side, was leg- before taking a 
liberty with DanieL and all that 
was left after that were a couple 
of soaring sixes by Jones ofl 
Edmonds, one on to the free 
seats. Middlesex could reflect on 
a thoroughly competent perfor- 
mance. Put in on Wednesday, 
they had had to play well to win. 

MIDDLESEX: 2S6 tar 5 (R 0 ButCTW 65) 

N J Lanham c Dowitoo b Cowans —.6 
AM Greene Edmonds b Cowans — 33 

p w G Parker n*i out » 

Imran Khan Ibw b Darart — 47 

+U GouU cDowrtonb Cowans 0 

CM Wefts run out “ 

GSIe Roux b Edmonds ° 

D A Reeve b Edmonds 6 

•J R T Barclay not out | 

, 14 

ACS Pioott e and t> Edmonds — 
AN Jones b Hughes 

Total (48 overs) 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-51. 3-53. 4- 
53. 8108, 9124. 7-137. 9148. 9149. 
BOWUNG: Darnel 9941 -1; Cowans 11-8 
27-3; Hughes 91-181; Ednonds 11 -952- 
3; Emtxrey 99314. 

Umpires: D J Constant and A G T 

Semi-final Revenge is 


(18) _ 

N Foam (7) 

nL Show Ctor rCnftt 1. Mr J Pgtop 


Champkm’saMp: ChranptoK Mr R paver 
Rye Tangier Reserve chamoion Osborne 

Going: firm 


3 4132 L0CHBUN(D)ws JPftn 

4 Biot EHERGfiE(D)C 

5 2121 PUKKA 

_ -183. 
PSnun 7-11-6. 

_ PHcfcmls 

; -TJ 


(£841: 2m)0B runners) 


6 0000 VESUVE (B) (USA) T Felrt¥4St 4-11-3. 

9 0000 CWUSE 

I 00040 OCT OBER IPHP.j 
110008 REMDEDtVwX 


I R Armstrong 4-190. 
IGHuHer 44-10. 

233000 MO0RJDG& 

002400 AUFARfSflIBH 

GWngg 4-810 

llj mirn i iQ t) ) ft F i ili til" 1 | 

, 8 Bridja (7)12 

if 1 -' 


; 319- 140040 NEWCEWTRAL 
320 30304 FtUFBttniUftd - 

S XS: nfeawB’" 

s suss ■samaitsssi 


- 4-1 Heavy Br 
Far. Bundsburs. I 

, M Pfttar.81 Bold PMagw, October. 182 Mcoridge, 81 Aft 
, 191 others. 

£4963. good to firm. Oct 5. 

’ I BOY (9 

under II M to Breadcrumb (94) at Newmartret (n. 
"L DERRY MEASURE (74) wa»_1 ln5th.BA- 


tD Soft, 
(m, E2655, 

. vemi 
■ H Roberts 3 

TOM BOY (9® 3 5th of 9to 
good » soft. Apr 19. 17 

SSSSSmo^ffl and BOLD FUAflH 4j 


43 DBA QUEENS8URY FILLIES STAKES (3-Y-O fiMes: £4301: 6f) 
• 0i) - 

402 ZALAT1 A m pt AFIAAt^ W 

«3 01290 METIOWC fc-O) «, Ahto M W HMg 8 W 
-406 IBM AHH AKTHOTC (D) p Dodson) J aincan 

409 - 0 MMkH n 


.-£tx ft 1 /h UcAtahirt J Hoagy 5- 6 ■ ■ ■ — m lw,a 



3-1 S ™* r ' ” 


(811)21/21 In New 
was 41 back to 40i i 
8th to Sonic L 

2nd to Someone S 

430 EBF ASHLEY MAIDEN STAKES^^g3*fc »0 0^) 


0 FAtmillE“"‘ u “ OThomMj T 

0 GOOD . 

highland lamp 


OM90 - MWhl 

MMortoyBO SCauKMn3 

w Canon t 








519 ... 

81 Brava Oanoar. 7-Z*Wn»in, 92 FbreeVri. 

Weak*. 81 OurZouBOU. 191 others. 

5L5 THURLOW HANDICAP (£3.173: 1m 8f 171 jU) 02) 

I ’ 

nawwr 7-S> Uahuan. 92 RwesighL 81 



603 imSS ST^ TVEMAIt S 

60? non? fmiCT^wKSMeire^M^s^a 

m zSS in H aftwn o n l W Bn 

609 4-2202 
611 . PI 
813. 092800 
515 Bf440 

1M others. 


. p«t Eddery C 
. — 12 


WRS etobemB 

12 ) 1 


®-i3)in the ^-pgSgLCAROL 
test yew 

‘ -Lt0)41/a.3Wto 




l ip tins. JdhrlO, 7 


7 44UF 


811-4 pa}.. 

O Sherwood 

81 1-3MrT Thomson JonM 

C Jackson 81913 

81911 CCoa(l) 

QMonl 191911 R Hoorn 


8 104P MOON DREAMHt (TO J Qfttoid 1910 


11 1120 WELSH O AKjP yff) D GandoHp 8197. 

O'NeB 4-114.. 

s ss gssiBgarfsss^ 

3 1 ffiSSfSSSffi^—B 

g 0004 

i 7S ’8SS 

26 ON CQDBUOVEE Wheeler 4-196. 

81 Caro Wood, 7-2 QHenbona, Gruhnatorm. 94Gwnbo 
Enterprise, 81 RamaindBr GW. 191 JwtSpuA 181 others. 

~ 12 30FU SPANISH I 


Stratford selections 

By Mandarin 
630 Gnrinastonn. 7.0 Sk>dapder. 7.301 GOT 
STUNG (nap). 8.0 Pukka Major. 8.30 Gardeners 

Choice. 9.0 Son Of Manada 

C Warm (7) 
H P i l es 

‘Pripham 11-184 BPpweft 

15 35? VAlI oS^IgI P^ w 

16 RIF KAY HARKBt (D) Mts M TltolBas 9104. RO mwoody 

17 IBM FARE LOVE E Evens 7-104 p «k«r 

IB 3120 DANCE MA8THI fl» C Hohneo 19180 

19 WMF TUMBLE JM ID) T Cunraiqh®m 

7-104MrS OmriDdam |71 

21 43FP ADMDBSTRATOR H O'NeN 9104 WtamW 

22 (MF0 NERO WOLF RJuckes 9104 GVMams 

92 PiAka Major. 81 Lochrun. 81 Zacdo. 81 Pan Arctic, 

182 Welsh Oak. 191 Moon Dreamer, 12-1 others. 

(22,155:2m) (16) 

1 018 RUSHMOOR (PI R E Peaaxft 8187. 

2 0«» POLBH (B) J Speartw 811-2.. 


A Wet to 

: Bridgwater 

6 4/00 DUSKY BROWN G Gracey 81910- EMrahyffl 

;s a s 

» SS 2S 

STEEPLE CHASE (£1,706: 2m) (15) 

: ran IMKimtrBS 

s 2031 oue*iff^NG^ MWp8ci ^ 


8 R1F1 DAIOTT* BLUES (B)(USA)JW^ (Box)sw 

- 9 PCT ca» AWKEBI K B WW» WM- -.0 Ewne (7> 
10 FP0D MOUNT ST MARTS W M Cwnachp 7-104 . 


19 COUNTRY SWUK P Prtichart 8190— D CMwg 

iA BngT-IM- 

4-1 Oftver Anthony. 91 

£3,059: 3m 2f)(9) 

2 CW0 BACHELOR LAD DR Price 11 -124- 
4 1W I QOTSTUMG (OJ DeW»oke8l80 

8 2Wri SS ctSwIE B RM T 191M " 

i ss 

12 F/1 SEAL MAMNE H Mesw-BamM 

13 F22 SUNYLYN Ofl W Maude 8114 


Britain’s team 
places are 
still wide open 

By a Correspondent 

The International Dressage 
Show, starting at Goodwood 
today, should determine 
Britain's world championshjp 
team for Cedar Valley, Ontario 
August Barring accidents, 
Christopher Bartle and Wily 
Trout the World Cup runners- 
up, and Lady Joicey on 
Powdermonkey, the best ama- 
teurs at the first selection trials, 
looked to have booked their 

Goodwood is the first im- 
portant occasion this year for 
Jennie Lorislon-Clarke, Jane 
Bartle, Diana Mason, Jackie 
Farlow and Frances Rudge — all 
serious contenders — to pit their 
skills against representatives 
from five other nations. 

The biggest challenges must 
come from West Germany, the 
world's leading dressage nation, 
and from the 1980 young in- 
dividual European champion 
Regina de Moulden. from Aus- 
tria, as well as Dominique 
D'Esme, France's leading rider. 
These two arc specialists in the 
most important competition of 
the meeting, the Nashua World 
Cup qualifier. This musical 
freestyle has proved popular 
811-AADmnnodr with the layman - and David 

,5 F» M-Wr—IBDOJ,, sss*sgs£ayw 

!? S ggaaBSIBWffit5±=?fifc » y-"* f “ ^ 1987 Worid 

18 PW0 FB N Henderson 4-11-1 — .J Whae L.up. 

a ss raffia jBBSnsi:v»n=8te: 


for Hick 

By Richard Streeton 

WORCESTER: Worcestershire 
heal Northamptonshire by eight 

An auihoritive third-wicket 
stand between Graeme Hick 
and David Smith took 
Worcestershire to a command- 
ing victory yesterday and 
brought them a Benson and 
Hedges semi-final match at 
home against Kent on June 1 1. 
Hick launched into an array of 
regal strokes as the match 
neared its end and won the gold 

Hick and Smith shared an 
unbroken partnership of 179 in 
31 overs against 
Northamptonshire's modest 
bowling and paced their effort 

for Notts 

By I vo Tennant 

CHELMSFORD: Nottingham- 
shire beat Essex by three wickets. 

Nottinghamshire, propelled 
by splendid all-round _ perfor- 
mances from Clive Rice and 
Richard Hadlee, gained some 
recompense for their defeat by 
Essex in the NatWesi final last 
year. A Benson and Hedges 
semi-final place was achieved 
with 23 balls to spare. 

It was less overcast than on 
Wednesday, which made- bat- 
ting easier. Nevertheless, Not- 
tinghamshire were made to 
work hard for their victory, at 
least until Hadlee came in. 
Timing his shots superbly, he 
made 61 off 57 ballsand won the 
match in the grand way, with a 

with shrewd judgement Only a straight six. 

. . ... Nottinghamshire had re- 

sumed needing 1 57 to win off 44 

fortnight earlier Hick and Smith 
added 190 together to bring a 
similarly crushing win against 

27 3331 WaIb?L»TON GAL (D 1 MPlpo 81 W3 . 


I P Smith . _ 



35 4P0 HAVEN’S PRDE (USAXC-D) M Castel 

37 8304 RATWOLL SYKE J Netttoam 8104 . 


Sharp Song. 81 
Gal. 12-1 others. 

7-104D CHon (7) 
^ J Bryan 

82 Ruslimoor. 5-1 Ctertenars Ctwca. 
MX. 182 Alado, 191 WWW Eaton 

(£1,1 38: 2m) (17) 

2 0022 BB.COWSE(D W «raUR fl «.^ Mprtei7) 

3 3821 THETCHUmwG Real 811-13 (10BK) — MrTRaed 
8 2311 

a ooao mummittiwri"' 

I' Graew 810-11 — EMh 
26 0PB0 TRIE BLOSSOM J Web^ 8l910___ i 

i su 


33 820 ERIC’S W8H Mts 

10930 Whither Boast Thou. 7-2 Bel Couree. 81 Dancer In 
Paris. 81 Tltatchu. 182 Eric's Wish. 81 Yankee Bond. 191 
Son Of Manada 12-1 others. 

Brighton results 



1. UUJESroM(MMBw11-a2. 
S Cauthen 191L3. E*ch*» 
Eddery 91L 4, Owtomf T 

11-4 Fan). A&O ran S Atic aHIO.9 

Resrires WWylOfM ^ HM rtr 
flOM. 14 Moiiham Trust IS Janraa) 
Aatvta. 33 La IMmaison. Findon Manor 
Brill Pondor Dancer. SequrartrBfc^ Ar- 
dent Partner. 18 ran: 4 l Sh bd.1LXL2.G 
Huflor at ne wn iartaw. Tge: P-l ft £g40. 
£3.1 0. £1^0. EUftff 28420; CSF: 
£80.13; Tricast £807^3. 

in 4ft: 1. MILLERS TALE IP 
” * (A Lappin 14-1); 



Inant Porto Dtoiphne. 
Shear Class. 17 ran. 1V4L3L 
Currant si NtoomarktoL ^^eiTO El 20, 
£2.00. £1 .70. DF; £4^0. CSF: E7£7. 

430 (1m 2ft: 1, LANDBOB WTWworto 
7-2); 2. FraagaAo (S Cauthen IMk 3. 
Admimto AA (Pat Ev .wy 81J 


Francis S-lk 2. WM toito(A Lappai^w?! 

■mb. itUMflNM0feWUMfe 


CSR £6497; TYieasfc E391.0S. 

Iflflmk I . OOLDCTJBADEM Tinker 



ALSO RAN: 7-4 
1(4*1 12Abatouto Hww 
4L J W Watts at Rkianpnd. Tote: 
£300; E2.10.-E1.90i DF: £7110. CSF: 

-MB (1m 41 40yd) 1. FAST AMD 
lEMOLY {S Partajj-1 jwl: 2. Tap Dual 
HHs. 7-1fc lOlMftMf BftVMft.WCMT- 

il V ALSO RAN: 92 Lady W KuapOft 
(Sth). 11-2 wn quu g hsi n Vsfe. ir 

11-21 _ J 
10 Tara Dancer! 

. 15-2 Hants 
ran. nk. 31 St II. 



KS£ a n fi 'Sg J5t SVS 

Lftnbstata (BftL UtfMwo ^fta Omiflft 

CSF: £2228 
815 M_1,. 

Cgchran a. 81^; 2 F«ap« Tore (M 
, bapenal 

N (R 


Hslthd. 1 M 

Tcre: £3.70; £1.20, E5J0. SBM- OF: 
£6289. CSF: £69.43. TricasC 2819.16. 

3^5f1m » 180yd) 1. TOE P«lt*KT 
PRMCE (R Cochrane. 11-10 law): 2 to 
Dam (G DuffiaW. 7-1V. 3. Goodtime Hal 
IM msT 82). AL SO .RA M: 10 S' 
Somatlmg. 12 FtotnyRc tohi. 14 Queen 
the Swords j*ih). 20 Bftkdor (8th). 33 
Stonn Lad (Wft. 50 Gyps Gr^Orw For 
The D«h, Lineoul Lady.Sww PM- « ran. 
NR: Kadesh, Brundaan Breeze. 2L 3L 10L 
3t 1% w Jarvis at NetwnvfraL t«k 
0,10: Cl. 5a £270, El.ia Of: £7J0. 
CSF: £10.14. 

Cazadora. 14 Shanrton Balls. 16 




Hutton. Tola: £1^0.. DF: £1^9 CSF: 

S.15 Pm 4( 40y<ft 1. SUPER QRASS (M 
Warn, 94 to-): 2 M»dic Secret ft- 


£2.00. DF: BJD. CSF; £1M1. 

Pueepot E4450. 

• Cash Asmusseo, champion 
jockey in France, has 
booked to partner Sanet in next 
week’s Gold Seal Oaks 

Blinkered first time 

La Chula. 


Pilfer. TOMSK: 345 

Maple Leafs 
so copybook 

By John Watson 
The six-ebukka match for the 
Aramis Trophy, which was 
played off at Smith’s Lawn, 
Windsor, yesterday, resulted in 
a 9-4 victory for Galem 
Weston’s Maple Leals, who’ 
received one against _ Guy 
Wildenstein’s Les Diables 

Considering this was the Ma- 
ple Leafs 1986 debut in higb- 
goal polo, they played a very 
observant and successful squad 
game, passing, backing op and 
positioning in copybook man- 
ner, with Julian Hipwood and 
Tony Devdch (both magnifi- 
cently mounted by Weston) 
forming a most effective duo. 
Andrew SeaviUL, playing at back 
in his first ever high goal match, 
galloped extremely hard to mark 
his man and meet the ball and 
was as good in attack as defence. 

For Lbs Diables the 10 -goal 
Mexican, Memo Gracida. 
seemed to dominate the first 
two or three chukkas. but both 
be and his fellow Latin Ameri- 
can, Ricardo Vial missed a 
great many goal shots. As the 
Maple Leafs got into their stride 
in the second half of the match. 
Gracida and Vial were much 
less prominent. 

MAPLE LEAFS 1. G Weston BM. T 

SE£g q 

Nottinghamshire in a zonal 
game. .. 

Hick now has to decide 
whether to play for his native 
Zimbabwe in the ICC trophy, 
which starts the same day as the 
Benson and Hedges semi-finals 
tnLp place. Hick will make his 
choice during the next few days. 
He was already wavering about 
representing Zimbabwe again 
because it would binder his 
ambition to qualify for England. 

Yesterday. Hick, who was 20 
last week, did not make an error 
during his innings. Perfectly 
timed drives and pulls, mostly 
on the from foot, brought him 
the majority of his runs. Like all 
gifted players he sees the ball 
early and is versatile in his 
choice of stroke. 

Smith survived a difficult 
chance to long-on against Cook, 
when he was 29 and the total 86. 
Otherwise he was equally 
impressive as his partner, fre- 
quently driving with great 

Worcestershire resumed 
needing 182 turn 34 3 overs, 
with nine wickets in hand, and 
lost D’Oliveira to the eighth ball 
of the day. D’Oliveira tried to 
hit across Cook's spin and edged 
a catch to deep backward poinL 
After this, though. Worcester- 
shire assumed complete control. 

For a long time the required 
rate stayed between six and 
seven runs an over, until Hick 
cut loose with 46 wanted from 
seven overs. He moved from 75 
to 100 in six scoring strokes 
against Capel and Walker and 
Worcestershire finally won with 
16 bails to spare. 


■G Cook c HR* ti Weston 30 

R J Ballsy b RadKxd ® 

RjBoyd-Mossc Rhodes OPnOgeon 3i 
A J Lamb c D'O&foIra b Inchmoce _ 71 

R A Harper c Hick bPrtogeon 56 

D J Cape) b Radford | 

□ J mo run out 0 

tO Ripley run out 0 

N G B Cook not out 


Extras (b 1. B> 13. nb 2) . 


d. But 
es left 
3p after 
ng by 
rter 6g- 
th a 38 
; and & 
sue on 
ter 45p 

jniih at 

■d Reli- 
ii 3p. 

I Op to 
p and S 
L New- 
a quiet 
rice of 

is were 

t 49jx 
■’s trad- 
ed 7p 
:ting at 

rod Oil 
ir-7 per 



23 '<er 
46 42 nd 

3-3 *J 

2 hij 

Derating — : 
.interest _ , 
refit was — 
was 781 

WVEST- — • 
the six _ 
he divi- 
5 I0.8p 

:n £000. 

16,740 — 
ends — _ 

50) and — 
i on was 
ion ex-" 

*5) and 

overs. While Rice began cau- 
tiously, Johnson took three 
successive boundaries off Fos- 
ter, who proved to be expensive 
throughout his allotted overs. 
However, at 70. the same figure 
at which Essex had lost their 
fourth wicket, Johnson drove at 
Pringle and edged to the solitary 

Rice progressed to a half- 
century, made in 102 minutes 
with five fours, but promptly fell 
to Gooch, beaten by a little 
movement Birch, who had 
stayed a while, played across the 
line to give the captain his third 
wickeL At this stage, with 
Nottinghamshire 125 for sot 
and Gooch and Turner keeping 
things tight, Essex were back in 
the ascendancy. 

Nottinghamshire's chances 
were in Hadlee's keeping Tall 
and erect he played himself in 
before lofting Foster for six with 
an easy swing of the baL and 
driving him for four to the 
sightscreen next ball. With 10 
overs remaining, the target was 
down to 39. 

French, Hadlee’s partner, who 
had been dropped on one, tried 
to square cut Foster and was 
well taken by East diving to his 
righL Hadlee, though, went on 
his merry way. Ten came off one 
Turner over, the New Zealander 
lifting a six over mid-wicket 
with a delightfully easy pick-up. 

His third six, the match 
winning shot was another 
straight one. this off Lever. His. 
innings included six fours. 

■G A Gooch b Pick. 




B R HartB c Breh b HatfM 

P J Prichard c Randall b Fbca 16 

A fl Border b Rioa 15 

KWH Fletrtw b Hatflee 37 

D R Pringle b R*e 3S 

K R Pom b Pick 24 

ID E East not out 

S Turner b Rica 

N A Foster tow b Rica ... 

J K Laver not out 





_ 14 


_ 16 

Total (8 wkts. 55 overs) 233 

A Water did not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 2-66. 3-86. 4- 
206. 8209. 8210. 7-211. 8231. 
BOWUNG: Radford 11-9582 tneftmore 
11-9491: Pridgaon 11-0-43-2 Weston 
11-8291: Itingwonb 6-933-0: Pats) 59 

22 - 0 . 


M J Weston c Ripley b Walker 15 
D B O'OTivtera cLamb bNQB Cook 15 

□ M Smith not out — 90 

G A Hick not nut 103 

Extras(ib8.w2.nb1) _H 

Total (2 wids. 522 overs) 234 

•P A Neele. O N Petal. tS JJ 

Extras (D 1. lb 12 w 5. nb 31 21 

Total (9 wkts. 55 overs) 195 

FALL OF WICKETS- 1-22 2-39. 859. 4- 
70. 8124. 8163. 7-177. 8180. 9180 
BOWUNG: Hatflee 11-1-392 Capper 11- 
2-34-0. Pick 11927-2 Rae 11-9489 
Hammings 11-4-43-0. 


8 C Broad c East b Gooch 7 

R T Robinson c Gooch b Lever 2 

DW Randal cPnrwIeb Foster 6 

*C EBRiea tow b Gooch SO 

P Johnson c Gooch bPnngla .. 

J 0 Brch tow b Gooch .... 

R J Hadlee not out 













. 7 
. 2 

5SJ " "Extras (to _ 10. w 8. nb 1) 19 

+BN French cEastb Foster 

E E Hemmings not ou . 



K Blngworth, N V Radford. J D Inchmora 
and AT* Pridgoon did not bat. 

FALL OF WICKET. 812 2-55. ^ , 

BOWUNG: MaUandar 9-2-1-409 Capel 
10-835-0: Walker 11-1-52-1: Harper 11-2- 
429 NGBCook 11957-1. 

Umpires. D R Shepherd and J H Hams. 

Row over rules 

Alvin KaUicharran may be- 
come the first player to chal- 
lenge the Test and County 
Cricket Board's rules in the 
High Court after the appeals 
committee refused his registra- 
tion as an English player. The 
Warwickshire batsman became 
a British citizen in 1970, but 
plaved for the West Indies hi 
1980 and is regarded as as 
overseas player for county 
registration purposes. 

Total (7 wkts. 51.1 ousts) 196 

R A Pek.KE Cooper dto not bat 
BOWUNG: Lever 10.1-1-491: Foster 11- 
1-582 Gooch 1 1 926-3: Pringle 191-28 
1; Turner 92379 

FALL OF WICKETS' 1-14. 2-14. 839. 4- 
70.8H2 8125. 7-161. 

Umpres: D O Oslear and K E Palmer. 






01 902 1234 (C.C.) 
01 437 5956 






a t 

'■ r 


England win but casualties mount 



David Miller 

Mexico City 

All the evidence from 
England's camp suggests that 
Bryan Robson should, reluc- 
tantly, have been sent home by 
his manager immediately after 
be had to come off because of a 
- minor collision against Mexi- 
co in Los Angeles. More to the 
point, he should never have 
been in thesqttad. 

It is abundantly dear that 
with three injuries — Achilles 
tendon, hamstring and shoul- 
der — he has little chance of 
playing to his full capacity in 
the World Cup; and, very 
likely, little chance of playing 
at aU. We are now seeing the 
folly of the unfortunate 
Robson's dnb manager, Ron 
Atirinsoo, who months ago 
should, in my view, have 
protected his captain from his 
own courage and sent him for 
an operation. Instead. Atkin- 
son appeared to believe that 
_ even a half-fit player might 
rescue Manchester United’s 

- championship challenge. 

It is the responsibility of 
managers to guard players 
‘ from their own ambitions. 
Bobby Robson has been con- 
fronted with the same dilemma 
and has, unwisely I believe, 
opted for the same procrasti- 
~ nation, though out of soft- 

• heartedness. It is nonsense to 
say that any “ordinary" player 

- would have been sent home in 

A better chance 
for understudies 

Bryan Robson's condition. If 
the captain is unfit, be is even 

- less than ordinary. 

To keep him on the sidelines 

- is a distraction for, and detrac- 
tion from the abilities of, the 
rest of the squad. The manager 
should have accepted that his 
captain could not reasonably 
be expected to contribute prop- 
erly to the campaign and 

■ -should have sent him home to 
allow him to make proper 
recovery for Manchester Unit- 
ed for next season. The man- 
ager should then have said to 
the others that they now had 
the challenge of malting the 
best of it Hodge, who has 
promise, would be a better 
understedy if he knew for sure 
the place was his. Nobody 
likes to be playing courtesy of 
a hobbling spectator. 

There is much to be satisfied 
. about England's form, but it is 
less convincing than it may 
appear. There are Inconsisten- 
cies. A year ago it was being 
claimed that England could 
not possibly win the World 
Cup without Bryan Robson. 
Now it is being claimed they 
can. Such a transformation is 
hardly realistic. 

* f think the manager was ill- 
advised to pvt pressure on his 
regular right back. Stereos, 
before the match against Can- 
ada. saying he had to play 
outstandingly well to keep bis 
place. A few days before the 
World Cup, players do not 
need this kind of intensity 
from their own manager. 

Threat to British 
status recedes 

The threat to Britain's sta- 
tus within FIFA, posed by 
Africa's demands for the four 
British associations to have 
only one vote in Congress, to 
lose their vice-president, and 
\ for the Third World's mem- 
bership of the executive com- 
mittee to be doubled, receded 
• at yesterday's Congress when 
7 all the proposals were with- 
drawn at the last minute. 

They are to be discussed 
. over the next two years in a 
general revision of statutes. 
. This has defused the situation. 
There is no encouragement, 
bonder, for those who believe 
; that the laws urgently need 
revision to liberate lbe game 
from a defensive stranglehold 
which is progressively helping 
to depress domestic football's 
attraction. This dedine was 

- acknowledged in the report to 
Congress by Sepp Blatter, the 

- general secretary, saying that 
‘ FIFA is "nntmitting in its 

■ offensive against violence in 
V play". Yet restrictive, tactical 
_ fool play needs change in the 

- laws, not superhuman refer- 

^Haveiange's conference was 
*- foil of contradiction. He says 
the World Cnp can live with 24 
teams, yet Congress have ao- 
. thorued the executive to in ves- 
tigate the possibilities of join I 
hosting by two countries in, 

■ s»y, Scandinavia or the low 
‘ countries. And a sinister note 

was thrown over the present 
competition when Guillermo 
faded a. a vice-president and 
chairman of the Mexican or- 
*- g anging committee, said that 
the costs and profit or low 
were not disclosed because rt 
' taS -a private enterprise . 

That is what we have been 
_ complaining about Tor three 
: years since Mexico were 

England are still unbeaten 
on their march to Mexico 
City, although the men in 
Bobby Robson's side are fell- 
ing almost as regularly as the 
opposition. Monterrey, the 
champions of Mexico this 
season, were beaten 4-1 at a 
training camp on a breezy 
plateau just outside the city. 
But Trevor Steven, Peter Reid 
and Mark Hatcley joined the 
casualty list before a ball was 
kicked and Viv Anderson was 
added before the final whistle. 

Hateley has a slight calf 
strain. Steven a chill and Reid 
an ankle injury. Anderson, 
after giving another useful 
performance and playing the 
lead role in a splendid goal 
limped off with a groin strain. 
England enjoyed some good 
moments on a bumpy pitch; 
generally, however, they 
achieved just enough to make 
certain that the local 
favourites were added to their 
list of May victims. 

Dixon applied the finishing 
touch to two good moves and 
hit the post with an attempt 
for a third goal. Barnes made 
no major contribution apart 
from his goal and Stevens 
proved his versatility when he 
switched from central defence 
to midfield in the second half 
to score the fourth goal. 

Carelessness allowed 
Becerra to equalize Dixon's 
opening goal within a minute, 
and Woods produced two 
good saves to deny the home 
team further goals. Twice the 
goalkeeper left his line to drop 
bravely at the feet of players 
whose speed bad burst 
through the defence. Woods 
also looked comfortable han- 
dling several crosses. 

Another bright spot for 
England was the form of 
Hodge. The midfield player, 
of Aston Villa, was busy, 
confident and involved for the 
entire match. With England's 
midfield problems the hope 
must be that Hodge slays clear 
of injury and keeps his form. 
“We know he has a good 
engine and today he showed 
that it is well tuned-up." 
Robson said. 

England, who used Wind ns 
and Hoddie in the first half 
and Butcher and Sansom in 
the second hall finished 
strongly in what had been 
planned as a reserve fixture. 
England never quite matched 
the speed of Monterrey. “We 
will not ease up our training 
yeL It has to be hard and there 
will be at least two more days 
of hard work." Robson added. 


Cruz in line to 
replace Sosa 

By George Ace 

Steve Cruz, rated No. 18 in EspairagOM is *** 
the May Issue of Ring Boxing 

magazine's world feather- tender, and » meet 

weights, looks the likely oppo- contract to EgTj 1 in 

Dent for Barry McGafgan in Las McGnigan m the late a*'*™ 

Vegas on Jane 23, after the what would be for the eto®?"® 
withdrawal of Fernando Sosa, defence of his titte- 

the Argentinian and the Sooth m w Branding, of coarse. 
American champion. McGnfcan fcsstiil champion 

This b the second occasion would 

that injury has cost Sosa a title ***** J v»e zs- F<jnai7aJt0za 
fight with McGaigan. Last Feb- "f pe ^ r breach whb 

whehadto^mitofaboit ****** 

and retina tronble in both eyes 
has forced him to forego the 
Jwe 23 date. 

McGaigan wants to study 
video tapes of fear possible 
opponents with BJ. Eastwood. 
Us manager, before a final 
decision on a saiatitnteb taken. 
The opponents fisted by Bob 
Am, promoter of the Las 

Vegas show, are: Antonie 

Esparragraa (Venezuela), Steve 
Crnz (US) Jose Marmolejos 
(Panama), and Antonio Rivero 
(Puerto Rico). 

mSSbX^STm omJj 

moment. He accompa nicd 

DanDo Cabrera, Sow’s stawMj 
on the Dnbiin show, and * rflteC 
superior to his stabtenaW who 
made McGaigan go 14 patefei 
rounds before the referee 
stop p ed the fight 

Marniokjos was in Betfartfo*" 
three weeks assisting McGmgn 

in his preparation for the mm 
title boot against Ensebm 
Pedroza in London last Jone. 

The cruellest cut „ 

By Srikanrar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

_ _ . _ . . . _ .... .mi. VsiWT. Of 

Bobby Robson (right) confers with (from left) Dixon, Stevens and Martin at nail-tune daring England’s win in Monterrey 

World Cup Diary 

Germans waiting on Immel Cup hosts’ 

From David Miller, Mexico Gty DFICC 

• One player out of 528 in the BraziL France, fielding their all depend on Government * * _ _ 

24 sqnads has yet to arrive, full team, were beaten 2-0 approval. It seems that the fdY|* hrOVI/l 

Eike fmmeL the reserve coal- vesterday bv Pranas, the first ^ n_-^i «« lvl v V A 

• One player out of 528 in the 
24 sqnads has yet to arrive. 
Eike Immel the reserve goal- 
keeper for West Germany, Is 
playing tonight in a third play- 
off game between his dnb, 
Borussia Dortmund, and For- 
tnna of Cologne to determine 
who is relegated to the second 

The German federation or- 
ganized the wMtoh for tonight, 
the deadline by which Immel 
may be replaced if he is 
injured. He vainly took his 
suitcase to the second match 
which was drawn. 

• The doyen of the press 
gathering here is Diego Lucero 
of Uruguay, who is 85, and has 
attended every World Cnp 
finals since the first in Monte- 
video in 1930. 

For most of his life he has 
lived in Argentina, bat his 
football allegiance is still to 
his own country. Like most of 
os, be believes that Uruguay 
are among the favourites. 
Football tag not been the 
same, he thinks, since about 

• There Is trouble in the camp 
among two of Uruguay's most 
colourful rivals: Fiance and 


From David Miller, Mexico Gty 

BraziL France, fielding their 
full team, were beaten 2-0 
yesterday by Pumas, the first 
division university team. 

French observers returned 
from watching Platini and the 
rest making a hash of H with 
blank expressions. The Euro- 
1 peau champions, like the Por- 
tuguese, have been arguing 
internally about money. It is 
; money which is helping to 
[ wreck the game. 

‘Unfairness’ makes 
Oakes retire 

By David Powell 

Judy Oakes. England's 
Commonwealth champion shot 
putter, is to retire at the end of 
the season because, she says, she 
has been unfairly treated as an 
international competitor. Miss 
Oakes, aged 2S. will defend her 
Commonwealth title in Edin- 
burgh in July and will then try to 
win a European championship 
medal the following month as 
I the valediction to an 11 -year 
career representing her country. 

It was only last Sunday that 
Miss Oakes, who was fourth in 
the Los Angeles Olympics, be- 
came the first Briton to putt 19 
metres outdoors. Recording ex- 
actly that distance, she was 
upset at the scam publicity she 
received for her eflons on an 
otherwise ordinary day at the 
United Kingdom champion- 
ships in Cwmbran. Thai was the 
latest blow tn her morale which 
had already suffered on two 
counts this year. 

\i the UK indoor champion- 
ship at Cosford the best female 
performer of the meeting award 
was presented to Zola Budd 
even before Miss Oakes's event 
had been completed. The Croy- 
don Harrier then proceeded to 
win her eighth indoor tide, a feat 
I previously achieved only by 
Mike Bull, the pole vaulter. and 
Verona Elder, the 400 metres 
runner, while setting a 
championship best performance 
of 1 8. 1 1 metres into the bargain. 

More significantly, however, 
the subventions announced in 
February by the British Ama- 

Oakes: her last season 

teur Athletic Board and Ama- 
teur Athletic Association fot 
athletes competing in any of the 
seven British Athletics Promo* 
lions Unit meetings this sum- 
mer left Miss Oakes in the 
second lowest of eight categories 
of payment. “I can’t afford to do 
athletics toll time any more." 
she said. “Under the new pack- 
age I am not worth much — £200 
3 meeting — and. as 1 under- 
stand iL there are only two 
meetings for which I qualify this 

Through the scheme, which is 
based primarily on world 
rankings. Sieve Cram will re- 
ceive £12.000 for each appear- 
ance. Sebastian Coe. Tessa 
Sanderson and Fatima 
Whitbread £10.000 and Miss 
Budd £5.000. “You get very 
upset when you see money going 
into one side of the sport and 
not another," Miss Oakes said. 

Money is not the problem 
with Brazil. They are rift by 
personality disputes between 
Tele Santana, the manager, 
and his senior players Zico, 
Socrates and Fakao, who are 
trying to pick the team. 

Sanatana has stopped 
speaking to the press, and 
there seems to be the classic 
Brazilian situation of being 
undecided whether to stand by 
their old men or to bank on the 
youngsters. The old men faded 
to save them in 1966. 

• Whether Brazil mighr stage 
the World Cop in 1994 was 
questioned yesterday by Joao 
Havelaage, the president of 
FIFA, when he said it would 

over ‘lost’ 

From Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 
San Jose 

The Soviet athletes evidently 
did not know the way hoe. 
Either that or they are not 
coming. The press conference 
scheduled for the seven Soviet 
athletes dee to compete ia the 
first MobO Grand Prix meeting 
of the season tomorrow had to be 
cancelled when they tailed to 
nuke their original landfall m 
Washington on Wednesday. 

The fact that Soviet Embassy 
officials were at the airport to 
greet them lent credence to the 
possibility that they were taking 
the traditional circuit oos route. 
A previous Soviet group bound 
for New York had turned op in 
Toronto. Bat then, when they 
did not tarn op the following day 
either, beads started to shake 
and tongnes to wag. 

It does not take much to make 
an American suspicious about a 
Russian, give or take a unclear 
dond or two. And the feet that 
Tatyana Kazaakina was one of 
the athletes, doe to make her 
comeback after a doping suspen- 
sion, became the likely can- 
didate tor their absence. 

The local media had reacted 
whh disbelief at Kazankina's 
entry here. And Linz de 

all depend on Government 
appro vaL It seems that die 

football obsession in Brazil no 
longer rises to ministerial 

Rummenigge fit 

The West German captain, 
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, who 
has been troubled by a knee 
injury said yesterday the knee 
was no longer painful and he 
expected to be fit to play in 
next Wednesday's opening 
Group E game against 

Restart plan 

The Middlesbrough Foot- 
ball Gub directors feel there is 
“a good chance" that football 
will be played at Ayresome 
Park in the coining season 
eves though the dub is to go 
into liquidation with debts of 
more than £1 million. A 
provisional liquidator will be 
appointed to keep the players 
together and to protect the 
assets of the club. The team 
were relegated to the third 
division when they lost their 
final match of the season at 

Mexico City (Reuter) — Mex- 
ico. the World Cup hosts, and 
Uruguay were each fined $5,500 
.(about £3.500) yesterday be- 
cause of a brawl after an 
international match in Los An- 
geles on April 13. Hie disci- 
plinary committee of FIFA also 
imposed a fine of $2,750 on the 
United States football federa- 
tion for inadequate security 

The match, which Mexico 
won 1-0, had been bad tempered 
throughout and Angelo BrazzL 
the referee, was unable to pre- 
vent fighting among players 
behind one goal at the final 
whistle, after Uruguay had been 
denied an 83rd-mmute equal- 
izer. The brawl lasted several 
minutes and a number of play- 
ers were injured. 

• Torino have agreed to pay 
Bournemouth a £30.000 deposit 
on a £300,000 deal for Colin 
Clarke, the 23-year-okl forward 
currently in Mexico with North- 
ern Ireland. Clarice, who scored 
35 goals in the third division last 
season, said: “It's a -fantastic 
deal, but I don't want to sign far 
anyone yeL If I do well in the 
next few weeks a lot more 
people may bid for me and it's 
only fair to myself to wait.” 


Suki Brownsdon. the British 
200 metres breaststroke record- 
holder, who has been training in 
Canada, showed yesterday that 
she is in top form for the 
Commonwealth Games in 
Edinburgh this summer. The 20- 

year-old Wigan giri, aiming for 
an England place, easily finished 
as the fastest qualifier in the 200 
metres in 2 min 34.86sec in the 
first session of the four-day 
Hewlett-Packard national long 
course championships. 


Oxford summer eights 

• Wednesday 's results 


pean light-welterweigm cnam- 
pion, will have to take a cut in 
his purse to challenge Pauizio 
Oliva, of Italy, the World Box- 
ing Association champion, on 
neutral territory — at the 
Omnispon complex in Monte 
Carlo on July 12 

Marsh was hoping to bear 
from Naples yesterday just how 
much of his £40,000 he was 
going to lose. “It should not be 
too mucb,”Frank Warren, 
Marsh's manager, said “but it 
will be worth it to avoid Naples. 
Monte Carlo is as neutral as we 
are going to get iL There will be a 
strong British contingent there.” 

Warren maintained that 
Marsh had to make the best of 
the deal because the champion, 
who has to make a mandatory 
defence against Robert 
Gonzales, had agreed to make a 
voluntary defence against 
Marsh first 

Marsh, who at 9st XXb gave 


Time to 

From Paul Martin 

Andy Dalton, captain of the 
unauthorized New Zealand tour 
of South Africa, has warned 
international rugby admin- 
istrators that unless immediate 
efforts are made towards 
reconciliation with South Af- 
rica. world rugby feces dis- 
integration. He said that unless 
countries now agreed to send 
official teams “South Africa has 
got no option but to go pro- 
fessional and buy players to 
come out here". 

He feels the present lour has 
“put a lot of pressure” on the 
game's administration. Indeed, 
it will not comfort them to learn 
that the winners of next year's 
worid tournament are to be 
invited to undertake a three- 
match series against the Spring- 
boks immediately afterwards. A 
sponsor has stepped forward for 
such a challenge series — the 
United Building Society — 
which sees mileage in a series 
lasting just two or three weeks to 
determine the “real" worid 

They would contribute about 
half of the 2.5 million rand 

rounds at Alexandra Pavilion, 
north London on Wednesday 
night, would box Oliva for 
nothing if it was possible. There 
is nothing he wants more than to 
meet Oliva. Not only does be 
believe that be has the stamina 
and skill to outstay and outbox 
the Italian over 15 rounds, he 
has something to prove to those 
England selectors who left him 
out of the Moscow Olympic 
Games — even though he was 
ABA champion — and gave his 
place to Joey Frost, the man he 
beat in the semi-finals. 

“I have not forgotten thaL I 
beat Frost in the semis and they 
wanted me to have a fight-off. I 
said no. Oliva received the 
award for the best boxer of the 
Olympics. That is why 1 want to 
fight him so badly. Oliva is a 
very good boxer but 1 believe 1 
am lus equal and I know 1 can 
outlast him.” Marsh said. 




Marksman for 

(£723.000) which the Yellow 
Pages have put in for the present 


tour. The New Zealanders now 
here would only be invited back 


Crnz, the Olympic 800 metres 

1', ' iff ' 

champion, and Mary Slaney, 
had threatened to puD other of 
his athletes out of the 1.500 

I if they were part of the winning 
team in the worid tournament, 
Mr Philip Sceales. the Building 
Society’s managing director, 
said, since there would be no 
interest in them otherwise. 

Mr Sceales would not specify 
if his proposed sponsorship 
would include payments lo the 
players. It would be “on the 
same basis" as the current tour. 

Dalton foresees an inevitable 
move towards semi-pro- 
fessionalism and would 
encourage iL 

Ceotmaed from page 20 




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By Gordon Allan 

Four players new to the 
Gateway Masters singles will be 
among those challenging David 
Bryant for his title when the 
tournament starts at Worthing 
today. They are David Cutler 
and Wynne Richards, of En- 
gland. Ian Dickison, of New 
Zealand, and Rob Parreila, of 

Cutler and Richards are post 
national singles champions. 
Dickison represents his country 
in the Commonwealth Games 
singles in Edinburgh in July. 
Parreila, who was born in Italy 
and now drives a taxi in 
Brisbane, has a reputation for 
smashing the jack with the force 
of his firing shots, but there 
must be more to his game than 

rotters MATCHES: 9.30: Sec&on JL- D 

‘ ; C ... 


,n K 

-‘ ^S| 




Today’s television and radio programmes and Christopher Davalle 

m ~z ' 

S i 

' , *v 

: r : 

"• 1 

BBC 1 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6JS0 Breakfast Time with Nfck 
Ross and Seine Scott 
Weather at &55, 725, 

7.55, 825 and IL55; , 

regional news, weather' 
and traffic at 6.57, 727, . 

7.57 and 827; national and 
International news at 720, 
720, 820, 820 and 920; 
sport at 720 and 820; 
Lynn Faulds Wood's 
consumer report at 8.15; 
end a review of the 
morning newspapers et 
827. Pus, weekend 
shopping advice from 
t^ynn Christian; gardening 
hints from Alan 
Titchmarsh; and Steve 
Bfscknefl with the latest 



'' ru ‘.'llest ll 


• ' i 


' . ,v.- 


pop music news. 

The Parent Programme. 

Coping with steeping 
problems is the subject of 
this edition in the series on 
living, with the under-fives, 
(r) 925 Ceefax 1020 Play 
SchooL (r) 1020 Ceefax. 
120 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Moira Stuart, includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles. 125 Regional 
news. The weather detafls 
come from Michael Fish 
120 Mr Berm. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 
young, (r) 

international Show 
Jumping from Hickstead. 
The Everest Double 
Glazing Parcours de 

Chasse. The 
commentators are 
Raymond Brooks-Ward 
. . ana Stephen Hatfley. 322 
' Regional news. 

3 C55 Gran, narrated by Patricia 
Hayes, (rl 4.00 lake. Mop 
. ami the Moke. Seaside 
songs and stories for the 
- young, presented by MBra ' 
Amatt (r) 4.1 S Laurel and 
Hardy m a cartoon, Plant 
Rant 420 Dogtantan and 
the Three Muskshounds. 

(ri 4.45 Fast Forward. 

\fideo fun presented by 
FloeUa Benjamin, (r) 

5.10 Gentle Bea Adventures of 
a young man with a pet 
bear. Starring Dennis 
Weaver and Cfint Howard. 
525 Just Say No. A 

Extra about the cast of 
Grange Hill's trip to toe 
United States at the 
invitation of the American 
' organisation Just Say No 
to take part in a week of 

_ events designed to . 

Wghfightthe dangers of 


620 News with Nicholas 
WttcheO and Andrew 
. Harvey. Weather. 

625 London Plus. 

720 Wogan. Among tonight's 
quests are Albert Finney, 
Richard Briers and Garth 
Crooks and David Grant. 
Plus music from Midge 

725 rve Got a Secret What 
secrets are the five guests 
. concealing? Anneka Rice, 
Angela Gordon, Derek. . 
Jameson and Alan 
Titchmarsh try to findout 
...... Presented by Tom ■ 

O'Ctytnor. (Ceefax) 

840 TheCofbys-fa 800 finafly . 
makes optier mindrabout - 
the nwamherBfe; Mites 
becomes foe learflng 
suspect in a murcter case; 
and Sable receives her 
recovered Corttance. ; 

920 News with John Humphrys 
mid Andrew Harvey. 

920 BfgDeaL Comedy drama 
series starring Ray Brooks 
as Robby Box, an ever- 
hopefui card player Bving 
from game to game, (r) 
(Ceefax) ; ' • 

Omnibus Preserts: Dort 
Look Back. A 
documentary about Boh 
V- Dylan’s 1965 British tour, 

- - featuring Joan Baez, Aten 
Price, Donovan. Marianne 
Faithful! and Alan 

Ginsberg- (see Choice; 
t125 Summer of 66. 

ol the 1966 Work) Cup 
final between England and 
West Germany. Inckitfing 
the Russian linesman 
Tofik Bakhramov 
explaining why he allowed 
England's controversial 
third goal. Introduced by 

1240 Weather. 


6.15 Good 

Good Morning Brit 
presented by Anna 
Diamond and Henn 


U amend and Henry KeBy. 
News with Gordon 

sport at 640 and 724; 
exercises at 625; cartoon 
at 725; pop video at 7.55; 
Jimmy Greaves's 
television highlights at 
840; a recipe from 
Nanette Newman at 820; 
and Wacaday from 923 
includes young singer, 
Claire Us 


925 Thames new* headlines 
followed by Natural Roots. 
Master of Ungava. 

925 FUnr Attack on the Iron 
Coast 0967) starring 
Lloyd Bridges and Andrew 
Kafr. Second World War 
drama about a raid on 
German naval base in 
France. Directed by Paul 

1120 About Bffla&L Jersey’s 
annual Battle of the 

1220 Teetttne and Claudia. For 
the very young (ft 12.10 
Rainbow. A day m the 
country - teaming with 

1220 So§wMl How the four 
young people filmed last 

year have fared in their 

search tor jobs. 

120 News at One with Caroi 
Barnes 120 Thames 

120 Rtac The Hornet's Nest* 

(1955) starring Paul 
Carpenter, June Thbrbarn 
ana Marla Landi. Two girts 
convert a houseboat into a 
home, unaware that it was 
the place that a criminal 
hid a cache of jewels. 
Directed by Charles 

320 University ChaSenge. The 
second leg of the final 
between Jesus Cottage, 
Oxford, and Imperial 
College. London. 
Presented by Bamber 
Gascoigne 325 Thames 
news headlines 320 Sons 

and Daughters. 

4.00 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
1240. 4.15 The Blunder*. 
Cartoon series about an 
accident-prone family. 

With the voice of Frankie 
Howard. 425 Scooby Doo 
420 The Bizz presented 
' KeBy Temple and Lisa 

Pop video series, 

5.15 The Parlour Game. The 
-■ Drstof anew celebrity 
game show series. 

545 News with Alastair 
Stewart ! . 

620 The 6 O'clock Show 
presented by Michael 

7.00 Me and My Girt Simon 
goes for an earfy morning 
jog and lands up in the 
can# and smitten by the 
doctor who treats turn. (r) 

720 FBm; A Queen is Crowned 
(1 953) A documentary on 
the coronation of Queen 
Szabeth II in 1953. With 
narration by Laurence 
. . Olivier, -ana the London 
O r chestra 
byMateohn- - 
: Sargent . ' 

220 The Practice. Drama 
series set in a modem ' 
Health Centre. Starring 
John Fraser and Brifpt 
..Forsyth. (Oracle) 

1020 News at Ten with Aiastair 
Burnet and Sandy Gafi. 

1020 The London Programme., 
Hank de Geneste, chief of 
New York's Port Authority 
Police examines the 
problems facing the 
Metropofitan Poflce in their 
drive to recruit more Hack 
officers. FoWowed by LWT 

11.00 WcuM Cup 66 Preview. 
Up-to-the-minute reports 
from the three home • 

' countries' camps. Plus 
thoughts on the 
forthcoming action from 
Jimmy Greaves, (an St 
John, Brian Clough, Kevin 
Kagan, Mk* Channonand 
Ron Atkinson. 

1220 Hawaii Five-O. Steve 

McGarrett solves another 
• gun-drenched mystery . 
Starring Jack Loht{r) 

1225 Hertiteltancockandthe 
Roddt Band in concert. 

Bob Dylan: Don't .Look Back. On 
BBClu* 1020pm 

*The 19-year-oid DONT 
LOOK BACK (BBC1, 1020pm), 
O.A. Pennebaker's film about 
r„ Bob Dylan's concert tour of 
iit. Britain in 1965, is yet another 
vivid lustration of how confuting 
it can be for the looker-on 
when the two heads of a public 
entertainer speak in different 
tongues.When not actually on 
stage with guitar and 
harmonica, Dyten is shown to be 
a shadowy figure .’made 
insolent by success,and fond of 
saying silly things Bke "Pm 
not angry, I'm detightfuT, or, 

“I'm just as good a singer as 
Caruso." And yet, on stags, a 
very considerable poet Is at 
work, weaving together complex 
Images of a world that, 
viewed through a young man's 
eyes, had become osstned 
and was ripe for revolution. The 
reporter, telephoning his 


> back to the office after a 
flan concerUs not far off 
trie mark when he says: “He's 
not so much singing as 
sermonizing." Pennebaker's 
grainy doewnemary . shot 
with wobbly hand-held camera 
and recorded with 
microphones that often give only 
an impression of wtiat is 
being said, stffl remains one of 
the most revealing films ever 
made about the 20th century 
phenomenon catted folk- 
rock. and I don't think Omnibus 
has lowered its sights by 
sponsoring its first TV screening 
in Britain. 

•Everyone keeps telling me I 
have been wrong to Ignore 
Channel 4's THE COSBY 
SHOW- Having seen tonight's 

episode (9.00pm), I must say 
that it strikes me as being no 
better and no worse than any 
other srt-oom about middle-class 
American families, and 
different from the rest only 
because toe Mack faces in 
the cast outnumber the white by 
something like four to 
one.The studio audience 
applauds, and laughs at, 
everything.Perhaps they see, or 
hear, more than we do. 

(Radio 4. 4.05)cannot conceal 
either the identity, or the 
engaging comical talent of Peter 
Jones wnose account of the 
i compulsive 
i trickster is a 
curtain-raiser to what promises 
to be an unmissable 10-week 
season of incautious reminiscing. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

625 Open 

Education - the ' 

Debate 720 Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 725. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

525 News ewnmary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

520 FBm: Travis Logan, DA 
Morrow, Hal Rotttrook and 
Brenda Vaccaro. A made- 
for-televlslon drama about 
a cfistrict attorney 
prosecuting a man for 
murder. The man seems to 
have convtoced the jury 
that he committed the 
murder whilst lomporarfly 
insane. Travis Logan 
doesn't bafleve him and 
sets out to prove that his 
suspicions are correct. 
Directed by Paul 

725 Transit, presented by Mika 
Smith and Sue Cook, with 
Kathy Tayter reporting five 
from Heathrow's new 
Terminal 4. Is it, after 
seven weeks, a success 
for both passengers and 
operators? Plus, the 
concern over traffic jams 
on London's M25 orbital 
route; and a preview of 
Jaguar's attempts this 
week-end to regain the Le 
Mans crown. 

725 House and Home. 

Nicholas Taylor, 
continuing his series on 
the history of the small 
English house, visits 
Bexley in Kent to see the 
semis that were built 
between the wars. Some 
of them, built in three 
weeks, could be bought 
for ES down and a weekly 
of 44p(8/10d). 

820 Orchestra. Jane Glover 
continues her series on 
the evolution of the 
modern symphony 
orchestra with an 
examination of the 
romantic works of Berlioz. 

820 Sudenera* World. Geoff 
Hamilton and Ctay Jones 
visit the hillside garden of 
Margaret and Hugh Barr in 
Penrith, Cumbria. 

9.00 Entertatament USA JL. 
Jonathan King is In 
Charleston, South 
Carolina, where he meets 
actress Lbb Rerm'ck and 
author Mickey 
). (revised repeat) 

920 Yow Ufa in Their Hands. 

Judah Sanders undergoes 
vascular surgery on an 
abdominal aortic 
aneurysm in St Mary’s 
Hospital, Paddington. 

1020 Royal Academy Summer 
ExhAtton 88, introduced 
by James Bellini. A 
preview of the 21 8th 
- exhibition. Guests 

including the President of 
the Royal Academy. Roger 
de Grey, choose their 
favourite works from the 
1200 on show. 

1020 Newsiriglit 1125 

1140 Ffcn: The Purple Ta» 
(1978) starring Peter 
Ustinov, Phffippe Noirot, 
Charlotte Rampling and 
Fred Astaire. A group of 
people, escaping from 
their hectic fives, 
congregate ki the peace 
and calm of a West of 
' Ireland village. Directed by 
Yves Boisset Ends at 


220 Blue* in the Afternoon: 
Larry Johnson. The 
singer/guitarist in a 
concert recorded in 1972 

lues. The 

story of the celebrated 

open-air market in 
Chicago famous tor Its 
street performers. 

420 Camivai in Rio. The 
parade of toe BrazSan 
samba schools, watched 
by a crowd of mors than 

120,000 people. 

420 Countdown. The first 
semt-finaL The number 
one seed, David Trace 
meets David White seeded 
number four. 

520 Car 54, When Are YouT 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York policeman. This 
week they cant belive 
thtir luck when they spot 
in a junk shop the very 
thing thefr captain wants 
for his 25th wedding 
anniversary present. 

520 The Chart Show includes 
the European Top Ten and 
the Dance charts. 

6.15 Bevid. A review of toe 
week's new videos. 

620 Solid SouL Performing five 
are Dee C. Lee, Thomas 
and Taylor, and Booker 
Newberry; on video are Nu 
Shoaz and Rene and 

720 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart Includes a report 
from Edward Stourton on 
the decision of the United 
States Senate to allow 
television coverage of the 
proceedings. Weather. 

720 Book Chohre. Irish 
historian Roy Foster 
reviews The Faber Book 
of Contemporary Irish 

820 What the Papers Say with 
John LJoyd of the Financial 

B.15 Bandung FBe includes a 
report from the heroin trail 
in Pakistan; and interviews 
with the Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of 
India; and west Indian fast 
bowler, Michael H tiding. 

920 The Cosby Show. Comedy 
series starring Bffl Cosby 
as Cliff Huxteota, a happily 
•married father and 
obstetric ia n (see ChOjice) 

920 Courtry People. A profile 
of the people of the Mercia 
regfon, the boundaries of 
which stretch ham the 
Pen nines in toe east toe 
Welsh borders in toe wesL 
Liverpool and Manchester 
in the north, and Ludlow 
and Wolverhampton in to? 

1020 Cheers. Norm struggles 
with his conscience when 
he hears some gossip 
about one of Ws rivals for 
promotion. (Oracle) 

1030 Life’s Cycle. This third 
programme in toe series 
on medical matters of 
concern to women deals 
with abortion, (r) (Oracle) 


. A drama, 

on the Sunset Boulevard 
theme, about a young stud 
who becomes Involved 
with a drugs and booze- 
ruined film star and her 
jealous friend and 

by Eric Mit 
: Life. The Richie 

120 The Jazz 

Cole Quintet in concert 

c Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variation at end 
of Radio 4. 

555 am Shipping 820 News 
Briefing; Weather &10 
Farming Today 8.25 Prayer 
for the Day (s) 

620 Today, inauding 620, 

720, 820 News 
Summery. 84S Business 
News. 62S, 725 
Weather. 720, 820 Today's 
News. 725, 825 Sport 
843 Psraa Papers. The 
confessions of an 
unwaged me trop o li ta n 
taxrsSxAsbanrt VWttwr 
and read by Brian Wright [5L 
920 News 
925 Desert Island 

Discs. Michael Parkinson 
in conversation with Bobby 
Robson, manager of the 
England foothai taamfs) 
945 Feedback-Chris Duikley 
airs fisteners'eommants 
about the BBC. 

1020 News; International 
Assignment BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1020 Morning Story: A Ball of 
Purpre Sheila 

1045 Dally Service (s) 

1120 News; Travel; Note, A 
Time tor Change (2) The 
Unholy Alliance 
1148 Natural Selection. 

Malcolm Coe examines 
the "Go-aways" birds. 

1220 News; The Food 
Programme. Should 
restaurants be obfiged to fist 
toe contents of the meals 
they otter? 

1220 The Cabaret Upstairs. 

Some of toe top acts to 
be found on the London 
cabaret circuit (s) 

120 The Work) at One: News. 
140 The Archers 126 

220 NewstSoman's Hour, 
live from the Beaumaris 
FestivaL Aiad Jones tafcs 
about IBs in the ptitfc 

320 News; No Highway. Nevfl 
Shuta's novel dramatized 
in three parts. Fbud episode, 

420 News 

426 J Kingston Platt (new 
series) See Choice. 

420 Kaleidoscope (r) 

520 PM: News magazine 520 
SHppra525 Weather 

620 News; Financial Report 

620 Going Places. Cbva 
Jacobs and toe team 
examine the world ot travel 
and transport 

7.00 News 

725 The Archers 

720 Pick of toe week. 

Margaret Howard 
presents her selection of 
extracts from BBC raxSo 

columnist of The Observer, 
tells Martyn Williams 
about the relationship 
between joumafists and 

845 Any Questions? with 
Edwma Currie MR. Ron 
Todd. Roy Watts and 
Jonathon PorritL from 

920 Letter from America by 
Afistair Cooks. 

945 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on the Super 8 
Rm FestivaL 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Three Short Stories, by 
Elizabeth Bowen (3) Firelight 
in the Flat 1029 Weather 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Week Exiting. A satirical 
review of toe week's 

1220 News; Weather 

VHF (available to England and 
S Wales otiy) as above 
except: 52fr620am Weather 
Travel 125-220pm 
Listening Comer 526225 
PM (continued) 

C Radio 3 ) 

On metium wave. VHF variations at 


625 Weather 720 News. 


I Concert 

Morning C< 

Prokovev (Symphony No 

(Fartfaisie in F minor. Op 
49: Murray Parahia, piano). 
K rammer (Concertino In 
C, Op 65). 820 News. 

825 Morning Concert (corrt). 
Bach (wandsnburo 
Concerto No 4, to G), 
Vlauxtamps (Romance. 

Op 7 No £ Salvatore 
Accardo, vtoNn. Bruno 
Carmtoo, piano). Gershwin 
(Piano Concerto in F: 
LSO/PrevIn). 920 News 
925 This week's Composer. 
Haydn: Esterhaza 1779- 
81 . Quartet to B fiat Op 33 
No 4. Allegri String 
Quartet Sonata in C sharp 

minor (H XVI 36). 
Christopher Eschenbach 
(piano): Symphony No 73 

to D (Lb cnasse)- 

1020 Piano Music. James 
Waflter plays 

Schumann s Intermezzi. Op 
4; and Ws Sonata. 

1040 Langham Chamber 
Orchestra, cond 
Christopher Adey. Roesmi 
(Overture: La Scala ti 
Slots). Mozart (Divertimento 
In F. K 138), Grainger 
(My Robin is to the 
greenwood gonejarr 
Bridge (SaMy to our aBey; 
Cherry ripe). Arnold 

1125 Music for Tenor i 
Piano, with Wynford 
Evans (tenor) and Stephen 
Rose (piano). Adrian 
Wilfiams (Rve Songs of WH 
Davies). Mansel Thomas 
(Caneuon Grace d Sian. 

1125 BBC Scottish Symphony 
Orchestra, cond Jerzy 
Maksyntiuk. with Chnstian 
Zacharias (piano). 

Mozart's Overture: The 
Magic Flute; Piano 
Concerto No 24, in C minor 
(K 491); Symphony No 
34. to C(K 338). 120 News. 

125 Bath International 
FestivaL Susan MRan 

bert (Introduction 
Variations on "Trockne 

and Vi 

Bfumen"). ttsert (Jeux), 
jussy (Syrinx). Messv 
marie noir), DutiUaux 


(Le marie noir) 


220 In Homage. Henze (Spite: 
TeiemannianaL Berlin 
SO). Casefia (Divertimento: 

Tchaikovsky (Suite No 4, 

PhD harm lonla/TSson 

320 Pioneers (new series). 
American music. 

hres, and Conlon 
Nancarrow, played by 

420 Choral Evensong, 
recorded at Guildford 
Cathedral. 425 News 

520 Mainly for Pleasure, 

620 Music tor Gutter, with 
Costas Cotsiois. 

Eduardo Sainz de la Maza 
(Ptatero y Yo). Granados, 
arr Barrueco (Spanish Dance 
No 12), Napoleon Costs 
(Andante and Polonaise, Op 

720 The Art of Margaret 
Price. Schubert's 
Gehetmmnis: An Franz 
Schubert (D 491 L 
Wolfgang Sawtifisch (piano); 
Brahms Dnmer laiser 
wtrd mein Schlummer 
James Lockhart (piano); 
Wafer's Isolde's Uebestod. 

720 Peer Gynt. The 1943 
broadcast of Ibsen's 
play, with Ralph Richardson 
tome titia rale. Ind 825 

1025 Modem Norwegian 
Music. HaRvara 
Johnson's Violin Concerto 
Guttxandsen (vtoBn). Katfl 
Hvostefs Octet tor 

1025 ALaibyGuUaumade 
Machaut Pour ce qu'on 
puist, sung by Martin Best. 

1120 Nocturne. Stoetius's 
Serenade: Jorma 
Hymunen (baritone); 
Hohnboe's Nottumo; 

Arne Nordheim's Evening 
Land: Bisabeth 

Soderstrom (soprano); 
Stenham mar's Scherzo 
and Nottumo (Serenade in 

1127 News 1220 Closedown. 

VHF ooty. Open . 

U n iversity: 625am to 625. 
The Narrator in 

c Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end ot Radiol. 
News on toe hour (except 
820pm. 920. Headlines 520am, 

525.flKKJ^(mf only). 925. 
Cricket Scoreboard 720pm. 
4.08am Charles Nova (s) 520 
Ray Moore (s) 720 Derek Jameson 
(s) 920 Ken Bruce (s) 1120 
MKtoati Aspei. plus your legal 
problems answered by Andrew 



Hunnilord (s) 320 
David Hamilton (s) 525 Joito Dunn 
(s) 7.00 Hubert Gregg says 
Thanks tor the Memory (s)720 
Friday Night is Music Night (s) 
from Jersey including 820-840 
Interval. Benny Green tries to 
discover what makes a 
"showstopper" 920 The 
Organist Entertains introduced by 
Noel Ogden (s) 925 Sports 
Desk 1020 Niall Murray Sings (new 
series) 1020 Bemie Clifton's 
Comedy Shopi. 1120 Angela 
Rippon at toe Royal Bath and 
West Show, Shepton Mallei (stereo 
from midnight) 120 Nick Page 
presents tightride 320-420 A 
Littie Night Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

520am Adrian John 720 Macs 
Smith's Breakfast Show 920 
Simon Bates's Mammoth Mail 
Coach Drive 1220 Newsbeatwtti 
Frank Partridge 1245 Gary 
Davies 320 Mike Read 520 
Newsdeat with Frank Partridge 
545 Singled Out Janice Long 
selects toe week's naw stogie 
releases 720 Andy Peebles 1020- 
12.00 The Friday Rock Show 
with Tommy Vance (s) VHF Ratios 
1 and 2: 4.0Dam As Radio 2. 
1020pm As Ratio 1. 1220-420ara 
As Ratio 2. 


620 NBWfldask 640 Meridian 7JM News 
748 Twenty-Four Hotvs 720 Tha Best Of 
Bntish 745 The Merchant Navy Pro- 
matnme &00 News S49 Reflections 8.15 
Pnd Piper 620 Music Now 840 News 
849 Renew of the British Press 9.15 The 
World Today 940 Financial News 846 
The Man on trie Telephone 1040 News 
1041 The Pop Press 10.15 Merchant 
Navy Programme 1140 News 1148 News 
About Britain 11.16 In the Meantime 1125 
A Uttar from Northern inland U30 
MerkSan 1240 Radio Newsreel 12.15 
Jazz lor the Asking 1245 Sports Round- 
up 140 News 149 TWonty-Fpur Hours 
120 John Peel 240 News 241 Outlook 
245 A Perfect Spy 340 Rattio Newsreel 
3.15 For Birds, For Dreams 440 News 
448 Commentary 4.15 Science m Action 
545 Sports Round-up 745 About Britain 
840 News 848 TWenty-Four Hours 840 
Sconce m Action 840 News 941 Network 
UK 8.16 Music Now 945 The Heat Otltw 
Day 1040 News 1049 The Wcrid Today 
1025 A Letter tram Northern Ireland 1040 
Financial News 1040 Refections WAS 
Sports Roundup 1140 News 1148 
Commentary 11.15 From trie WMfctias 
1120 TaJkng About Music 1240 Nows 
1248 News About Britain 12.15 Ratio 
Newsreel 1220 About Britain 1245 

British Press 215 Network UK 240 
People and Politics 240 News 348 News 
About Britain 3.15 The Wfarid Today 445 
Refecnara 450 Financial News 540 

News 549 Twenty-Four Hours 545 The 
World Ttiday. All times In I 

i GMT. 



CSSSSSf Sign. 


Today's Sport 5.40-640 tr^da taster 

1245 News and wfethw ENOLAND 
62 5pm-7.0 0 RegMnal news 

SrnSlroKr^i «E- 

LANDIUXto**-840TflAr Addicts 

BKJUUtoB40an^20 EAST£&urt on 
■Rw. MIDLAWfe Day Out NORTH 
TroiWaS— The Vertical Mia. NORTH- 
EAST: Tha Northumbarland Coart. 
NORTH-WEST: A CoUectior ol totfvW- 
uWs. SOUTH: South On Two: Junc- 
tion. SOUTH-WEST: Ftayd on Food. 
WEST: Time Pieces. 


SbeeL 1020 Matt & Jenny. 1045 
Donald Duck. 1145-1120 Orphans ot the 

Hantsm. 1020 Worid Cup Preview. 

1120 Rfrn: Psychomania. 1.10 

TVS As London except 928am 
-1 jL 2 Sesame Street 1020 Matt and 
Jenny. 1055 Donald Duck. 1145- 
1120 Orphans of the W9cL 140pm News. 
120 Fifty fifty. 230*340 Survtvat 
320440 Corary GP. 5.W^Conneo- 
tions. 640 Coast to Coert 824740 
That's Gardening. 1020 worid Cup Pre- 
Mow. 1120 Fftn: Psuchomania. 

1.10am Company. 


TCW As London except 925«ra 
1?" Sesame Street 1025 Max the 

Mouse. 1025 CaHomia Wr' 

1145-1148 Adventurer. 1. 

120-340 Fim: Rawhide. 2— 

Young Doctors. 5.15-545 Btoektausttrs. 

R4D Today South west 645 Action 

South West 620 Sporttweek. 740-720 
ABtton Market 10Jtt-114QGaidens 
lor AL 1200 Tales from trie Darinde. 
12110am Postscript Closedown. 


with Barmy and Lenny. 11.10-1140 
Smurfs. 120pm Lwchtimo. 140-340 
FBnc Genevieve 5.15346 Now You 
See It 640 Good Evening tester. 640 
SpartscasL 640 Advice with Anne 
Hafes. 740-720 AUon Market 1040 
Worid Cup Preview. 1120 Witness. 
1125 HotoL 1220am New*. Closedown. 


820 Ffcn: Ridtie of theSanite. 1L10- 
1120 Smurfs. 140 News. 146 Racing 
from TOrek. 245-320 New*. 5.16- 


Atoion Market 1022 Njghtitoa 1240 
World Cup Preview. 140am Chris- 

tian Calender. Ckuadown. 


1040 Ftotoal XL5. 1 045 Groovie __ 
Ghoukas. 1145-1140 Cartoon. 140pm 
News. 120 Film: Stranger*' Meeting. 
245340 Canon In thelOchen. 220-440 
Young Doctors. 5.15-545 Now You 
See It 640 Lookatound. 520 Take the 
High Road. 740-720 AUon Market 
1020 Worid Cup Preview. 1120 F8nu 
Mai pas Mystery. 1 240am 

SCOTTISH ^aaim Saswne 

Street 1045 LooksSmflhr. 1120- 
1120 Gutivar. 140pm News. 120 Coun- 
try Practice. 220-340 Farmhouse 
Kitchen. 5.15-545 Cotmactiora.640 
Newe and Scotland Today. 820 Up. 

Up and Away. 740-740 AUon Market 
1020 Ways and Means. 1140 VYortd 
Cup Prenew. 1240 Lan CM. 

1040 Fabulous Funnies. tL50-1120 
15 Minutes of Fame. 14tixn New*. 140 
Fanr Suspect 5.15345 Connec- 
tions. 840 About AngSa. 740-720 AUon 
Market 1040 Cross Question. 1140 
World Cup Preview. 1240 FSm: Bne- 
houee. USn Say R In Mime, 


Starts 1 
>140 StOrt 


. 145 Bsteddfod. 

445 Dan Dreed. 540 YQwvrt 540 
Chart Show. 6.15 Revid. 640 £ 


Rkic Parts. Texaa. 1245am Ctosadown. 


trie Sea. 1020 CBparirSr»fe 1140 
Matt and Jenny. 1145 About Briton. 
1125-1200 Granada Reports. 

140pm Grenada Reports. 120 W*»* in 
Ww!24<F240HoteL 3404 40 
Young Doctors. S.15-S45 Moutritrw. 
840 &anada RteWta. 840 Mfl liMy 
GW. 740-720 Albion Market 1040 
Worid CugPraviaw. 1140 V 
l24SamFhn: Night of trie Prowter. 



Toni TM lMfr> feggM r 
v«i»u ■- Trnor . Ptanock 
cond. Kmucw Barov »«»«»■ 


■mnSM unUWYOrem Rimg 
StmL WQ. WrnmailOfr' 

ptay at lanKMB BunasripW. 


Mon-Gal JOfi &»day* 2JO - 6 
Adm tnw*. 

<d Mtarto 

Swncbtrs wwetei wv ylew oj Ate- 
raw PatNUfli and Wortn of Art- 

2vBe U &lbTles a> M<SS New 
Sod SL London 

Swe will also br mi a xti arerj 
Som wa and 2nd Jw P”? ' 

jm at iO-3Qiea and 2.30mn- 


ALBERT Ol B36 3878 CC 379 
«S6S OC 579 6433 Grow Sa)M 


‘A Itaro m w mk y t u y m » ti1 » «l 
[mart*. Lstn 

■VAAOWWII rwil" Ttnws. 
snunomL" s£» „ 
Eves B. Mara Ttmr A Sat 420 

CC 379 6Z33. Fhsl Call 2«w 
CC Ol-^aO 7200. Eves 720- 
Mat Wed 2-30. Sat 4-0 A SO. 

remarr kenml 



WUft ChrWoptwr Fidftnl 
’ .ANTmRYM&M&XA-* 

mn 1 1 hut n n wi m * w - 

' D. TH 



OUT. r*y*Me ikuw. wlr 
BOX omet o 373 8IZ4IX. 


laSTien. CCS standwedd 
oYSwe eoosMtmMianr 

loom on « 

tra from £7 SO. Ballet flTW 

SS Ol3f4^3»5. Tonwr 7-00 



J Jv£e~11^gg ; 


ABELPM *36 7« V OT ®*0 T913 

•4 CC 741 9999 B36 
uu Grp Sties 930 6123 CC 
bively with First Cali On 9*0 
750034 Hr 7 Dan 



Mm my M 720 Mem wri ai 220 
*, CM A so A SCO 

01 836 6111 CC. Ol 836 1171 

/74IW9. nrs mmw ri 
days Ann Inc Me fee) Qrouo 
Sales on 930 6123 M€»;Tm»2 at 
8am. Frt * Sal 6pm * R«6. 


•ZFSSmo* WWai 

A deOemiui comedy. 

APOLLO THEATttE Staaflesbuni 
aT^ =663. «3* 

Can OI 240 7=00. on* Saw* Ol 
MO 6123 Era Bpm. Sat Mala 




ONLY nvc am 

APOLLO nKATWK *37 2663 

3 .JU LY 


rM wrr rappaport 


CC 630 636= Tlrseiro»»|r CC 
5TO 643S CW cc WWM 

7300 Orp 5**«0 6123 Eves 
7.40 MMS Tub ASM M 



•starlight express 

Mnscw • - 

L yrics try toOLyro smooc 


CC A Groans Ol 734 4287. Ol 
437 8772. 


The Tlnws 


A oMbroden of Om tUe and mule 

of Jot™ LCfmoo 


Aumitonai Mat Son at 4.ft E*w 
Tuts to Sat SO. Mats SOI & Sun 


MMCAN Ol 628 8793/638 
8891 CC <Man-5un lOsm-ftmU 


Moo 6 Tww TJO. UNnor axo A 
7 30 MEPHISTO tronnh* nov- 
el U> Ktau* Mam. amp. W 
AiMM Mnouchklna, 4-S June 
Now for THE QlANTON AF- 
FAIR try 


n’t Mon Si TUK 

720. tocnor 3^0 A 720 tL 
CANOELAIO bp ©tamano EhW 
no^.4-5 June REAL DREAMS. 
Book Now for TW HEAD 
MONKEY by «a Darke tram 
10 Juiv. 

CMCHCsm 0243 781212 
CHALM OAHMM Eves 720. 
Mats The 6 Sal 220 

01-930 2S7g nro Call T 

day « 01-240 7200 



Ev«s MocTrt goa»t 620 & 820 


2578. FITS CaB 24 br 7 day CC 
240 7200 


A luudcK co medy 


•ymaiaiiL-ttrelesdjr skltlal amt 
vary runny IwtM" Obs. “as 
taw as Mckina up a Bwri 
■ Flush" D Tat. “A- lu a sm eqc 
. On. “Hnpely 

COTTESLOe S' 928 226= OC 
INAIsml Theatre - * small autu- 
mn um) Ton’L Mon 740. 
Tumor 220 6 73 0. then June 
IO to M list PBft ItliUHn* 
ay Pasty Hrtohra. 

enranoN. s *» sascc sn 

6665/379 6433/741 9999. O TPS 
036 Ev» 840 - Jhu nut 

9.30 Sal 520 It 8 JO 

d mm 

TMTheatro of OoMcdy 





Written and dtreoad by 

Ol ABO 8846/01 636 8S3 8/9 nr 
Ot 680 9662/2 HRST CA 
24hr7 Day CC* 

Gre Safe* 930 6183. 










Mon-FH 720 Tim Mat 220 Sal S 
6 820. 


fSanTaaat far MPi,a H P»a 

MPteHIMP =40 

8230 CC 379 ««/6aCT ItaM 
Jana 2L Era 720. MaHThur 
= 30. Sals 3 jO. Laamn Q*«lar 
Award •** CHEEK B Y JOWL , 

in AMSMM||HM|flHH 



01-836 81 ML 01-240 9066/7. 
Fust caU 24-hour 7-d*® CC bkB* 
240 7200 (DO bootoa ftoj 

DmvIA Wtivrfck"* 











EwLOMotaWM 3.0 Sal BlO * 
8 JO 

Group 9SO 6123 



DUCHESS 836 8243/340 9648. 

rum (Ml CC 240 7200 

(24 tus 7 day-u CC 741 MB9 CC 
379 6433 

Bob LartaV* new comedy. 


Eves 8. Wad 

irow BOraanKSTOB^XW TO 

DUNE OS YORKS 836 5122 CC 
*36 9637/741 9999/240 7200. 
Eves B Thu 3 Sal S 6 820 


immm A — rd IBM 


S ta ndard D 


HI Comedy by MChanl Harris 
DMted byJutto McKande 
YfCTFPC T Mititr S T*l 


FORTUNE S OC 836 2238/9 CC 
741 9999 EveB Frl 6 Sal 6 6 8^0 


Ottvter Award 1984 


“One or the fnanlrat and least m»- 

CARRfCK. S 01-836 4601. CC. 
379 6433 6 CC. 24 hr/T day 240 
720a Ore sale» 930 61 Z3. EVM a 
Wed mat 3j0. Sal &0 and 8C 


RUMS 437 1S92.CC 37964S5. 
Find can 24 hr 7 Day OC 240 
7200. Crn Sales 930 6123. Eros 
a. Mats wed 3. Sal 4. 

Ahdrow_yMd Wbbgwr 




“or thdoat FANS FROM™ 

A comedy by K*n j-udwio 
Dtrrclcd hy Dmrtd Caraore. 

LVMC HAMM Pt TM ti n 01-741 

2311. Opens Toni 7pm. Sob Eves 
7.«a_ Mats Wed 22a Sal 4.0. 

lyric Sn^ tourorayShTad g 

SntAIMERS. Opens 3 June 7pm. 
Sub Evea 8am. Cllhawa 
praentOH HUMANS. 

7785 Era 7.48 mat Sal 220. 
THE O RP HAN try Thomas Ot- 
way directed and deahmed W, 
Philip prowro.-TVoditiiO shmj 
of herotc — tremehdoum vllaimr 
Times. -TramedUHty attractive 
productlon-Plroed to the Mir 
Ftnachd Tlmea 

Boer OUlce 6 ee 01-930 9832 Find 
Call 24 hr 7 day cr bookuios 
Ol 240 7200. Eves 72a Mats 
Wed ■ from Juna 1 11 6 Sal 2.00 


a— rnvar baa* Raar” D Tel 


s Tms 


Frt 6 sac 720. Mai TPmor 2 OO 

In Repertoire wun 


Previews from June 4 
Opens Jm* i»«7 

MHI NUSm, Haymarkel 
930 4Q2S/6606 3046/2856. 
cc TK*etmaner 379 6l3l 
First Can CC 240 720a 

The Aedn Uayd Water 
MaraM FHteaa Maateui 


Opens 9 Oct 

.1 2 36 1916 

NEYMY Day ft finow 7pm. 

Cl i.oo. S bow 8pm. g on 

LOKKM PALLADR2M 437 7373. 
437 2066. CC 734 8961. 379 
6433/741 9999. First Call 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 7200. Grp Sates 
930 6123. 





L A VIS IT* Th e Tun 

“ft BLO MOCT agxRRft' 



From lfcth June Wad Mai 2.00 
Sal eves 8.00 


Aro Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1BBO. 01-434 IOGO. 01-734 
6166/7. Red Plica Prevs. from 

«S5r«!SaLTi5 7 a 

The National Theatre** acclaimed 
nroductloo Of _ . 

Award Wlnnlno Comedy 


Bum 720. Mats Weds IMm June 
181 and SaN 3.0. Advance Boos- 
tarn Period Now open Juna 4- 
SS 30. Cl roup Sales t« WO 
tSaSjmsr CALL 14W7DJY 
CC 800KM0* ON 8 1 24* 7200 

LYTTE L TON *** 9SB 2282 CC 
(Nadooai Theatre's prasoddum 
stage) Tonn. Mon 7.46. Tomor 
2. IB now price m ao ft 7.46, 
then June IO to 16 WMIHYON 

MAYFAIR S OC 629 3006. Mon- 
Thu 8 Frl/Sat 5.40 ft 8.10 


*Tlm bast thriOar tar years*' S M. 
“An u n a b a s hed winner 1 * S Exp. 
“Sensational" Times 

Oh Great Year 
Oaur 2^000 “ 



see SEPARATE m HU ES under 
COTTESL OE Cnvllaai cheap 
Mb days o r bert h all the atres 

fna IO am. REEEA U Rft NT (928 

toto 6S3 OBOO 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
406 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 7.4S 
Toe ft Sal 3.00 ft 7.46. 




Croup Bookings 01-405 1567 or 
01-930 6125 Postal appuraflons 
now being acceMM unU end of 

OLD VK 928 7616 OC 261 1821 
Group Sates 930 6123. June 3 
to July 12 



The story of 
lawnnre af Arabia 

hy Terence ttatttgan 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
croup Stem 930 6123. Leal X 
parts Today 72a Tomor 4.0 ft 

r n - alrer an ia-i 


"rmrirrmiv x 
•‘■pwMteB —MtiHaWlte* 


OLMER T 928 2262 CC 
(National Theatre's open stage! 
TPnT. Man 7 IB. Tomor 200 
(low price m aO ft 7.15. (hen 
NT OPERA by Brecht, with 
music by Kurt Weill. 

486 2431 CC 579 6433. 

CC Hotline 486 1933 


Red Price Prev Tool 7.45. 
Tomor 230 ft 7 45. 

1st mom 2 June 

CC 437 8327 or 379 6433 
Grp Sales 93D 6123 


Eves 720 Mats Thu ft Sal 2.30 
Latecomers nol admiled until the 


pttOEMDC 836 2294 cc BAD 9S61 
741 9999 Evas 8 Mai Thu 3 Sal B 


Standard Drama Awards 

as Elds PreHO 

are you lonesome 

dv til rt— M F 


4606. 734 9SS&. Cmu Card 
Hotlines 379 666S, 74 1 9999. Grp 
Sates 836 3962/930 6123. 




*»DA VH> B HX Alto It KWH- 
MUMCAL" Review . 

Et a 8.0 Mats Wed 3 ft Sal 6 
Mew booldiw period now open ID 
end of September. 

734 8961 Fire* CaU 24 Hr 7 Dws 
cr Booking 836 3464 Gre Sales 
930 6123 

Mon-Sal B_ Mat Thura ft Sal SCO 


OF A SHOW” Newwwk 

PMMCE OF WALES 01-930 8681 
/ B CC KaUlne 930 0844 /B/6 Ore 
Sales 930 6123- KrtUi Prowse 
741 9999. First CaU 24 hr 7 day 
240 7200. 



EMMY rrvF.Tros.. 
Lin 720. MM Thur ft Sal 3. 

QUEENre 01-734 1166. 734 

1167. 734 0261. 734 0120. 43? 
3849.4394031. FlKtCanCC.24- 
hr 240 7200. Gre Sales 930 6123. 
Eves 8pm. Wed ft Sal Mats 3pm 



PEH FORMA MC Eyre.T ins. 


A New Play SKwraMHararevd. 

■^^ttSS^sb,* ^ 


ROYAL COURT S OC 730 1746 
Last 3 profs Tom Bpm. Tomor 
4pm * tetra DOUBLE CJW» 
hy Threnas Kllroy “A brOBaat 
ft pte*" S-Tlroa. 

SAVOY Box Office 01-836 8888 
OC Ol 379 6219. 836 0479 Evpv. 
7.46. Wed 3 Sal 6 ft 8.30 _ 

TOWN." S Times 16/2 8ft 




noises OFF _ 


SHAFTESBIMiy 379 6399 w 579 
6433. CC 741 9999. Fin* CaU 
24 nr 7 day CC 240 7200. Gre 
Sales 930 6123. Mon Fri B. 
wed Mat 3. Sat 4 ft a. 




Ovens 6 June at 7.QOtXn 

ST MARTIN'S 01-836 1443. Ste 

rial CC No. 379 6433. Ev» B J) 
Tuts 2.45. Sal 60 a nd BO 

24th yr ef ASATHA CMHSTtCm 


SnUND 836 2660 CC 6366190 
First call 24 Hr 7 Day 240 7200 


Tke tK-fely Droafest M uilrrf 

Siam no 

Previews irom 10 July 
Opens 17 July at 7 . 00 pm 



N 1 0789) 296623 or Ttehttmaster 
□1379 6433 ROYAL SHAKE- 

Tala TonkdiL Mon 72a Tomor 
1.30. li e wa n ami MM Tumor. 
Tue. 720 Srom Wmatro . Ktea- 
man TanlphL Mon 720. Tumor 
1.30 Every Man Tomor. Tue 
720. For special meal /theatre 
deals and hotel torn ov er ring 
(0789) 67262. 


“The very best of Bniaui's comic 
talent- Daily Mali. 

See separate ontrlre under: 


VAUDEVILLE, WC2. Box Office 
and CC 01-836 99B7/564S. Fttsl 
CaU ICC 24 hrel 01-240 7200 lBk9 
lee). Eves 720. Wed Mats 220. 
Sat* so ft 8.1s. 


■WOVARLE**F.T. Over lOO Peris 

VKTOUA PALACE 01-854 1317 

paul era 




Beoe Office open Daily 9am -9pm 
Sun Tel GC Bliss only I lam -7pm 

■Wl Ol 930 
7766/839 4466 CC Ol 379 
6S6S/6453. 741 9999. Opa Ol 
8363962. Mon-Frl B OO. Wed Mat 
A. DO. Sabi &OO ft 8 30. 






By JL Pnasoey 
□trecied ny Hutiald E yre _ 

WORLD" S. express 

WVNOHMTS 83ft 3028 CC 379 
UA5, S79 6433/741 9999. Ores 
836 3962- Em 8. MU Tue 3. 

Sals 5.30 ft 820 
we ip m i f i 


Tne Australian EMabeman 


LMMin TK*r*_M» rr- 

TBne Out 

nun vie studio 928 bass 

Eves 7.46 Bto-TOW PRC 

TMMtt present KAD5XT, 


d. But 
ss left 
>p and 
3p after 
ng by 
ter Bg- 
ih a 38 
; and a 
sue on 



-d ReC- 
*n 3p. 

,IOp to 
'med 8p 
,L New- 
a quiet 
rice of 

.is were 

; Nol too 

t 49 p. 
(■'s trad- 
ed 7p 
\ttitag at 

!md Ofl 

■ Coast 
:ir-7 per 


160 -10 

I 3-3 
, 15-4 

168 -12 

1 530 






perating — j 
.interest _j 
rofit was — i 
was 781 

- the six _ 
ihe divi- 

Ab London bx- 
Sesame Street 11X25 Last ot trie 
CuriBws. 11 JS-11JI0 Summer SSrte. 
iJtopot News. IJtKLOQ Him Fort 
Wfarft. 5.15-545 Mr & Mrs. 6J» News. 
BJ30 Problems. 7JW-7J0 Atolon Mar- 
krt 1030 Your Say. 1045 Sewn -86. 
lltiO Worid Cup PimiBN. 1230BBI 


1&2S Sesame Strert 

Wales at Six. 1030 Stoor. H.15 About 

Rape. 11AS-12A5am Worid Cup Pre- 

ce fflBAtSBSSSSt. 

tend. fk50 Pumpkin who Couldn't 
Smite. 10.10 Poseidon Hw. 11 J5-11 JO 
Fangfaca. UOpca News. laiMLOO 
Rkre Cattle Queen of Montana. 5.1W-SS 
Now You Sea It BJX1 News. 7.00- 
740 AJbion Market 1030 Worid Gup Pre- 
view. 1140 Fine Outiand. 140aai 
Ctosadown. Contral Jobfindar. 


Ifrtog. 940 Sesame Street. 1045 
Jacksons. 1040 Smurfs. 1145-1140 
Short Story Theatre. 140pm News. 

140 Low Story. 434440 Harvest Jazz. 
5.15*5.45 Canmctxxis. 540 North 
Tonight Up. Up and Away. 740-740 
ACaon Market 1030-1140 
Crossfire. 14JD0 News, Ctosadown. 


Around the WdrkJ with Benny and 
Lenny. 11.10-1140 GuBtver. 

News. 14SHetoYoufS8ll. 140 Fteit: 
Booby Trap. 245-3.00 Home Cookery. 
5.15-645 Now You See It 540 Cti- _ 
andar. 640 Me & My GnL 740-740 Ato 
on Market 1040 Worid Oip Preview. 
1140 New Avengers. 1240am 

.3 I0.8p 

' 4 £000, 

! 16,740 — 
ends — _ 

■50) and — 
(l,610X^'' » 
,ion was I 
ion ex- ’ _ 
IS) and^^ 

YtXJM VK 928 6563 CC 379 ’ 
6433 until Jim* 7. Eve* 7.30 _ 
Matt Today ft Wid 2pm. I 



Clifford Siren London Wl THE , 
JACKSON 11794-1869 1 A hwn 
exhliduon from me aty of 
aristol Art Gallery. 9.30600 , 
Mon-Fri imtn 18th June. ■ 

An ExhUXUan of alternative scat- 

bio. and a wide refection ot 
bad. care products is open at 
TW Rack Ebro. 142 Brampton 
Rd. London SWA. Tel Ol 226 
1829 Cats on requed. 


Define SL W.l. 

01-499 4IQ0. 

9 ft 23 

bKan Centre. EC2. 01-633 
414 1. U ntil 20 July: CECIL 
BEATON, firs t ma jor retrospec- 
tive with over 700 photograph*, 
drawings, costumes, mera or a- 
hwa. Adm £2 ft £1. Tues-Se* 
lOam-6-OSpm. Sun ft B Hom 

exrew B Hols. 

. Until 6 May. wtedys 10-1 
6. Sun. 2304. Adm. Free. 1 
dosed a May 










RSHER fWC ART. 30 Kina St J 
St. James'* SW|. 839 3942.' 
Victorian. Edwaruiao and rater ' 
Furniture. UnU 27 June. Moo. 1 
Frt 1045 30. 

OW_ Bond SL. 


Frt.. 9 30 ■ 6.30. 

: 2’t 

>«N». Admtrtd- 

ty Arch) Tel 01-930 6844. The . 
Royal Society ot Portrait Ratal- L, _ 
era (29th May - BUi June; daily U0 
10-7 oml SUi ft Sth Jane 
when dose* al 6. £l. AduHSOp 
Students and OAPt. 


MmmtpeMcr St SW7 OI 5B4 
HUTCHINSON - Recent paint 

mo* to letn June. 


83* . 


James-* SW l. Tel 


EMBLAND. A collection of « 
patntinps hy 19th Century artiste 
May 6tit - June loth. Mon. - FH 
9J0 ■ 530. Sat 10.00 ■ 1.00- 
Fully lUusuuted caiteopue £2. sok 1 
in aid or the National Trust. 

NEW ART CENTRE. 4 1 StoaneSt. 
SWl. 01-238 5844 BRITISH 
SCULPTURE 1960 - 1965. 
Mon-Frl 106. Sal 1 1-3 

grow. London SW 1 01 236 

1898-1943. Yonughtre ATtHI. 

734 9062 Open dally im me 
Sun. (R educed rote Sun. unu 
■Irfg.y/ ffr? "»OTOT: SCULP 

TOR OF EROS £ 240 . £ 1.70 COftC 
rate cr Bomaaa Ol 74 1 9999. 


FRIDAY MAY 30 1986 

Support of the 

helps Botham 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

Ian Botham's suspension by 
the disciplinary committee of 
the Test and County Cricket 
Board (TCCB) from all-first 
class cricket until July 31 
means that he will miss all 
three Test matches against 
India as well as the first Test 
against New Zealand. He will, 
however, be able to play for 
Somerset's second XI, al- 
though their cricket, too. 
Gomes under the auspices of 
the TCCB, and in any other 
games that come his way. He 
should have no difficulty in 
finding plenty of these. 

Botham was judged only on 
his recent admission in The 
Mail on Sunday that he 
occasionally smoked cannabis 
when he was a younger man 
(albeit already an internation- 
al cricketer) and that he bad 

lied to the board when saying 
that he had not. The disciplin- 
ary committee decided, in 
view of his suspension arising 
from the charges concerning 
cannabis, that they would not 
pursue the fourth charge, 
namely that he “was guilty of 
making a public pronounce- 
ment without the consent of 
his county, Somerset”. 

The Cricket Council will 
meet “at the earliest 
opportunity” to consider 
Botham's appeal, although the 
impression which his solicitor 
gave upon leaving Lord's yes- 
terday was that he and his 
client had not finally decided 
whether to lodge one. To have 
given Botham a stiffer sen- 
tence, the board may have felt 
they needed harder evidence 
than they had managed to 

assemble. Whether sub-con- 
sciously or not, they probably 
took into account the public 
support which Botham enjoys, 
as well, as his value to the 
game as an entertainer. 

The Indians can be heartily 
relieved that they will not 
have to bowl to him this 
summer, if disappointed that 
they will not, on his recent 
form with the ball, be able to 
bat against him. In 1982, when 
they were last here, he scored 
128 in the second of the three 
Test matches, at Old Traffotd, 
followed by 208 at the OvaL 
Between the end of his suspen- 
sion on July 31 and the time 
the team for the first Test 
match against New Zealand is 
chosen these is, in fact, no 
first-class cricket in the 

Ireland nine runs Notts beat 
short of history 

By George Ace 

DOVt’NPA TRICK: The Indians 
beat Ireland by 9 runs. 

The Indians, one-day world 
champions, had to call on all 
their considerabteeapcrtise to 
overcome Ireland at Down- 
patrick yesterday and claimihe 
Cawoods Trophy. India scored 
210 for seven off their 55 overs 
and Ireland needed 16 runs off 
the last six balls with five 
wickets remaining, but Garth 
was caught on the boundary off 
the second ball and hopes ofan 
historic victory followed him 
into the pavilion. 

A sparkling innings of 61 by 
Palil changed the score dramati- 
cally after the Indians had lost 
three wickets for 75 runs off 30 
overs. In the 38th over Palil 
decided to open his shoulders, 
and ia all hit five sixes and two 
fours in devastating style. Six, 
four, six came off successive 
balls from the hapless McBrine, 
who had bowled his left-arm 
spinners prior to this assault 
with commendable accuracy 
and economy. He had lured 
Pandit out of his crease to 
enable Jackson, with a slick 
stumping, to dismiss the stub- 
born opening bat for 44. 

The wicketkeeper had pre- 
viously removed Lamba with a 
magnificent diving catch to his 
left He completed a fine 
morning’s work by stumping 
Paul off Halliday. 

For the second consecutive 
day. Garth, bowling medium 

pace, took the prize wicket of 
Azharuddin. On Wednesday 
Azharuddin fell to his second 
ball. Yesterday Azharuddin des- 
patched his first delivery, a no- 
balL to the boundary and was 
caught off the next at mid-off for 
II. vengsarkar hit a fluent 46 
Ireland made a splendid start 
with Masood and Warke putting 
on 75 runs 


tC S Panda st Jackson b MeSrine — 44 

r Lamba c Jackson b Jonas 3 

M Azharuddin c Carton b Garth 11 

S M PatM st Jackson b HaWay 61 

D a Vengsarkar c Cohen b Garth — 46 

*R J Shastri b Conett 7 

C Sharma b Cortott 18 

M Prabhakar not out 7 

NSTMtov/wffluj — 2 

Extras (b 5. B) 3. w 3) .11 

Total (7 wkts. 55 overs) 210 

KS More and Manlnder Singh cSd not tnt 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10, 2-32. 3-75, 4- 

144. 5- 158. 6-162. 7-206. 

BOWLING: Corlett 11-1-38-2; Jones 11-1- 
26-1: Garth W-3&2: McBrtoe 11-2-45-1; 
Halfday 11-1-34-1; Pncr 2-0-24-0. 


M A Masood bMantoder — 40 

SJS Warke st More bYadav 46 

OG Dennison cVengsartorbShastrl 12 

M F Cohan c and b Sharma 25 

J A Prior b Shastri 9 

J Garth c Manindw b Prabhakar 41 

SC Cotton not out 10 

A McBrine not out 3 

Extras (to 9. w 3. nb 3) _ — 15 

Total (6 wkts. 55 over?) 201 

tP B Jackson. *M Haliday and E Jones 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-75. 2-87. 3-108. 4- 

117.5- 161,6-198. 

BOWLING: Sharma 10-2438-1: Prabhakar 
6-1-22- 1: Pam 7-4-35-0; VaOav 11-3-22-1; 
Mamrator 11-2-43-1 ;Shastrt 10-2-32-2. 
Umpires M A C Moore and F OSrton. 

of Essex 

Nottinghamshire, helped by 
a dashing 61 not out by 
Richard Hadlee and a more 
solid half century from dive 
Rice, their captain, finally 
overcame Essex at Chelms- 
ford yesterday. A three-wicket 
win put them into the semi- 
finals of the Benson and 
Hedges Cup, but they have to 
travel again, this time to 
Lord’s to lace Middlesex. 

Rice, whose SO followed 
five for 48 to earn him the gold 
award, said: “We play well 
there, and it will be good 
practice for the final.” 
Hadlee's swashbuckling in- 
nings included three sixes and 
six fours off 57 balls. 

Middlesex overwhelmed 
Sussex at Lord’s by 84 runs 
after bowling them out for 
172. Norman Cowans and 
Phil Edmonds each took three 
wickets, but the man-of-the- 
matcb award went to Roland 
Butcher for his 6S. 

The other semi-final — both 
to be played on June 11 —will 
be between Worcestershire 
and Kent at New Road. 

Kent were the only county 
to win yesterday, and Worces- 
tershire soon swept into the 
last four with an eight-wicket 
win against Northampton- 

England’s doctor has heart attack 

Monterrey - Vernon Ed- 
wards, aged 57, the England 
football team doctor, is in 
intensive care and in a stable 
condition after suffering from 
a heart attack (Stuart Jones 
writes). He was helped away 
during England's match 
against Monterrey on 
Wednesday afternoon and tak- 
en to a local hospital near the 
team's hotel In Saltillo. 

•sh rrawsS* 

ccflir bans 1 

71 »So«t \ 


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pnptp . wrJi-xl AffTTl/J 

codon UQUUT \ lift 

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(htort o*re 1 1 1 1 1 

His condition improved yes- 
terday- and he is to stay in 
hospital for at least a week. 
Brian Crane, the physician at 
Arsenal, will travel oat tomor- 
row to take over his duties with 
the national team. 

Edwards, a jocular and ef- 
fervescent individual, had felt 
some pains in his chest white 
be was with the squad during 
their altitude training in Colo- 

drafted cribn 

_ J4tw*i 

arms Rdmf 


iVrtX sranianiond 
W\Y \ JTO al>WR 
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redo Springs earlier this 
month. Bobby Robson, the 
England manager, said t hat 
earlier on Wednesday he had 
accompanied Edwards to a 
height of 8JM0 feet. 

Robson attempted to persuade 
him not to go to the game 
which took place later at a 
height of some 1,750 feet in 

England's victory, page 30 


risk all 
in sprint 

By John Wflcockson 

After five days and 344 : 
miles of racing, the 29th Milk ! 
Race has constantly simmered 1 
but still not come to the boiL 
Yesterday's sage from Haroo- 1 
gate to Lincoln was expected ; 
to clarify the situation, but a 
minute still covers the first 42 i 
riders after a stage won by 1 
Djamalidine Abdujaparov, of 
the Soviet Union. , 

As he had done the previous | 
evening to win the circuit race i 
at Harrogate, Abdujaparov, 
aged 22, raced fearlessly — | 
some would say recklessly — ! 
to achieve success. On 

Wednesday night, the young I 
“terror from Tashkent” risked ! 
crashing as he sprinted inside 
the British professional Mai- i 
colm Elliott j 

Yesterday, the Soviet’s 
charge took place on the sharp i 
descent into the city centre of | 
Lincoln, where the bunch of 
73 riders had to turn sharp left 
to begin the steep, cobble- 
stoned climb of Michaelgate. 
As Abdujaparov led the 
charge with his team colleague 
I Sergei Zmievsky. the ANC- 
H affords team colleagues, El- 
liott and Joey McLoughlin, 
tried to nip past But 
Zmievsky snaked across the 
narrow street, blocking the 
two Englishmen. 

RESULTS: four (Harrogate to 

Lincoln, 32 mites): 1. D Abdujaparov 
(USSR). 3hr i9min 2lsec; 2. J 

Zmievsky (USSR); 5, JPerity(Cz): 6, 
S Sutton (Falcon); 7, N Jonak (Cz); 

Mr Mrs Miss Till 


Edberg beaten 
as confusion 
becomes norm 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, Paris 

The French championships served for the second set at 5- 
bave become confusing. I. “I have never played really 
Stefan Edbere, seeded fifth in well against him,” Edberg 
the men’s singles, was beaten uu - ** ; * e - *"* ho,,c 
yesterday by Mikael Pemfors, 

said. “He hits a tot of balls 
back, so if you’re not playing 

a Swede, who has spent four well you have problems. And I 
years studying economics in moved badly." Edberg looked 

A.. . /.i. " . * rt. . - V r_. ... .^1 iLm M 

Athens (the one in Georgia) 
and talks with a southern 
drawL The champion. Mats 
Wilander, was taken to five 
sets by a rabbi’s grandson, 
Aaron Krickstem. And in the 
third round of the women’s 
singles, the British champion, 
Anne Hobbs, will play Mary 
Joe — yes, Joe — Fernandez, 
aged 14 years and nine 
months, who is hallway 
through her school exams but 
is already an aunt 

Miss Fernandez completed 
a 5-7, 6-2, 6-3 win over Andrea 

anxious, too, and that tends to 
be reflected in a players 

Krickstein, aged 18, comes 
from Michigan. He was a 
precocious youngster and 
climbed a few modest peaks 
on the 1983 professional cir- 
cuit Since then he has found 
the upper slopes slippery. But 
his forehand has always been a 
resounding weapon and yes- 
terday there was evidence that 
his whole game is maturing. 
Wilander took more than four 
hours to beat him 6-1, 3-6, 5-7, 


! idfe'.- -1111 

Six-shooter Hadlee helps Nottinghamshire join Middlesex, 
Worcestershire and Kent in the Benson and Hedges Cup 
semi-finals. Reports, page 29 (Photograph: Chris Cote) 


thunder and then confessed 

Results, page 30 

that she had never seen Miss 
Hobbs play and did not know 
much about ben “Is she from 
England? I don’t know ” To 
spice a dish that had no need 
of it, the eighth seed, Man uela 
Maleeva, had two match 
points but was beaten 5-7, 7-6, 
7-5, after three hours and 25 
minutes by Virginia Wade’s 
doubles partner, Mercedes 
Paz, of Argentina. 

Pemfors, aged 22, is 27th in 
the world rankings. He has a 
stubble of beard and a hair- 
style like a wen-used brush. 
Last year Pemfors emerged 
from the University of Geor- 
gia thoroughly Americanized, 
which is to say that he talks 
English about three times as 
fast as any other Swede on the 
circuit. He is grateful for the 
quality and quantity of college 
tennis in the United States. 
Until these champions hi pSv 
Pemfors had never won a 
grand prix match in Europe. 
But winning matches in Eu- 
rope is dim cult for anyone 
based in Athens, Georgia. 

Pemfors had broken even 
with Edgberg in two previous 
matches this year, both played 
in the “Deep South". Yester- 
day Pemfors won 6-7, 7-5, 6-3, 
2-6, 64, after Edberg had 

Duffy outshines top riders 

24seci 2, AMujapaiov, at 6 sec; 3. 
EJfott 3 sec: 4. McLOugftBa 15600; 
5. Sutton. 22ssc; 6. J Joergertsart 

10. PCaaado 

Paul Duffy, of Ireland, who 
is in his first year of interna- 
tional competition, left 
Britain's four top riders won- 
dering what had hit them 
when he won, with ease, the 
Everest Double Glazing 
Stakes, the opening competi- 
tion at Htcistead yesterday. 

Riding Paddy's Son, who is 
owned by Seamus Nolan but 
leased to Duffy's sponsors, 
Nissan, the Irishman from 
County Galway threw caution 
to the winds in the six-horse, 
jump-off and finished nearly 
two seconds inside the time of 
Malcolm Pyrah on 
Toweriands Anglezarke, who 
were the 7-2 favourites with 
the newly installed bookmak- 
er. Jeff McVean, of Australia, 
look third place . 

The other British riders in 
the high class jump-off were 
John Whitaker on Next Mil- 
ton, Michael Whitaker on 
Next Warren Point and Nick 
Skelton on Raffles St James 
who had alL like Pyrah only 



Ray Clarke, the secretary of 
the British Boxing Board of 
Control, who retires on Mon- 
day after 14 years in the post, 
appealed to the Government 
yesterday to exdude sporting 
I organizations from the Re>- 
stnetive Practices Act. “All we 
get are writs saying 'you are 
stopping me making my 
living.’ The sooner these 
threats are removed the better 
for sport." he said. 

Clarke, who will remain as 
consultant to the board and 
chairman of the referees' com- 
mittee, warned television that 
it was not the lifeline of boxing 
and that the sport could 
survive without it despite the 
big money it pays to televise 
contests-Tbe new secretary 
will be John Morris, a journal- 
ist from Northamptonshire: 


Swansea City's ground 
maintenance costs have been 
taken over for a year by the 
City Council - a gesture worth 
£70,000. But the former Swan- 
sea chairman Doug Sharpe, 
who has been leading the 
dub's struggle for survival, 
said it was not enough. “I’m 
disappointed,” he said. “I 
need £120.000 in cash. I have 
now no alternative but to tell 
the Receiver today that I 
cannot meet the High Court's 
financial requirements to keep 
the dub in being. I have lost 
£135.000. I think I've done 
enough. 1 think this is the 

By Jenny MacArthur 

retumed from their successful 
Spanish trip the day before. 

When Sean Daly, die Irish 
chef d'equipe, saw the quality 
of the riders Duffy was up 
against in the jump-off he told 
his protege “to give it all 
you've got” The message was 
evidently transmitted to 
Paddy's Son, a ten-year-old 
getding by the thoroughbred 
Red raul and out of an Irish 
draught mare who finished 
clear to give Duffy the £1,500 
prize and his first msgor 
international win. 

Although be is on the 
shortlist for Ireland's team for 
the world championships in 
July he said he bad a lot more 
to prove before being consid- 
ered for a place in the team. 
He is likely to have another 
chance of impressing the selec- 
tors in Sunday's Nations Cup. 

Michael Whitaker went out 
of contention in yesterday's 
class when be turned in too 
sharply at fence eight and had 
a refusal. His older brother. 


John, whose partnership with 
Next Milton grows stronger 
each day, had a slow dear to 
take fourth place. 

Skelton cut it just too fine 
on Raffle St James and had a 
brick out of the walk He had 
learned earlier in the day that 
he has been dropped from the 
British team for Sunday’s 
Nations Cup. He was sup- 
posed to have brought Ins 
young horse Raffles 
Airboume to Hickstead but as 
he had taken that horse on the 
Spanish trip be decided to ride 
St James at Hickstead. Ronnie 
Massarello, the team manager, 
said that St James had nothing 
more to prove to the selectors 
so there was no point in him 
being in the team. Skelton said 
yesterday that be was unwor- 
ried about being dropped. 

RESULJ&Tte EMM DoUbt* “ 
StBfMKl.Ntosan'S Paddy's Son 
Irafcnd. score 0 in 30.75; 2. To 

AidozataiM Pnati) 0 *41.51:3. FUretZ 
U MeVaan) Ausvate. 0 In 4233. Ernest 


Badscley; defeated Yang 



England’s top badminton 
player Steve Baddeley 
achieved the finest win of his 
career in the second round of 
the Dunhill China open in 
Fuchow yesterday when he 
won 17-14, 8-15, 15-5, against 
Yang Yang, the man who led 
China to victory in the final of 
the Thomas Cup world team 
championships earlier in the 

Mansell’s day 

Nigel Mansell, third in the 
Formula One world champi- 
onship after his victory in 
Belgium last weekend, gave 
himself and the Wifliams- 
Honda team further encour- 
agement by recording the 
fastest time at Brands Hatch 
yesterday in the second of two 
days devoted to testing for the 
Shell Oils British Grand Prix 
on July 13. ManseU, who had 
also been fastest on Wednes- 
day, lapped in Imin 9.25sec. 
an average speed of 135 mph. 

strata, 0 In 4233. Ernest 
Speed States: 1. BUyB 
score 68.47: 2. Next 
hunker) score 7234; 3, 
(M Mac) score 7277. 

Bale boost 

Stuart Bale, the British 
No. 4, gained another helping 
hand towards his tennis reha- 
bilitation yesterday when he 
was given a wild card entry 
into the Stella Artois grass 
court championships at 
Queen's Club, London, from 
June 9 to 15. 

The 22-year-old player from 
North London, who missed 
three months of action this 
year after a knee injury, has 
had such an impressive come- 
back that he has been judged 
the Stella Artois British player 
of the month for May which 
guarantees him entry into the 
£170,000 Grand Prix. He joins 
John Lloyd, Jeremy Bates and 
Andrew Castle as Britain's 
only representatives* 

Titley in 

Wales field the same side 
that beat Western Fiji in the 
first match of their Pacific 
Islands tour when they meet 
Fiji in a frill international in 
Suva tomorrow, with one 
exception. The more experi- 
enced Titley (Swansea) comes 
in on the right wing instead of 
Webbe (Bridgend) who is 
among the replacements 
(writes David Hoods). 

TEAM: M Dacey (Swansea); M 
Httey (Swansea), B Bowen (South 
Wales Ponce), J Devereux (South 
Glamorgan Institute). A Hadley 
(CanStt}; J Davie* (NaathV, R Jones 

(Swansea): J WMMOot (Cartffl), w 
James (Aberavon). S Evans 

Mortarty (Swansea), R NoMer (Car- 
tfifj}, D P fcke ringtLianeft, Captain), 
P Daria* (Uanffi. BaptepamantK 
M Hecnbwy (Qarrnrgan Wander- 

having. Edberg and Joakim 
Nystrom are out of the run- 
ning and Wilander has been 
through the fires of helL 

Back to Miss Fernandez. 
Her father comes from Ovie- 
do, Spain, and her mother 
from Havana, Cuba. Miss 
Fernandez was born in the 
Dominican Republic and 
named Maria Jose (the Jose 
was her father’s name and an 
uncle's, too) but when the 
family moved to Miami — she 
was six months old — her 
name was Americanized to 
Mary Joe. She wears braces on 
her teeth but has a niece less 
than a year old. 

Did I say the champion- 
ships were confusing? Well, 
Steffi Graf talks to her dog on 
the telephone almost every 
day. There is a French lady in 
that oasis of calm, the Adidas 
Gub. who was educated at 
Roedean. On the Press staff 
are marathon runners with 
times of 2hr 42min and — a 
iady -r 3br 3min. 

Moreover, one can watch 
tennis morning and afternoon, 
go out for. dinner, and come 
back for more tennis. And 
when I enviously asked Rod 
Laver why he still looted the 
same, he responded: “I don’t 
You're looking at me with old 
eyes.” Yes, it is all rather 

~ GOLF ~ 

the birdies 

By Mitchell Platts 

The former Amateur cham- 
pion, Jose-Maria Olazabal 
provided his new professional 
colleagues with another indi- 
cation of his immense poten- 
tial at Moor Park yesterday. 

Olazaba], aged 20, gathered 
four birdies in a flawless 
opening round of 68 to move 
into contention for the 
£21.660 first prize in the 
London Standard Four Stars 
Pro-Celebrity tournamentBut 
Olazabal was overtaken by 
another newcomer when Em- 
manuel Dussart. the French 
No. 2, collected his sixth bird- 
ie to complete a 67. Dussart, 
aged 22, is tbe son of the 
French artist, Ghislain, who is 
well known for his photo- 
graphs of Brigitte Bardot over 
the last two decades. 

Olazabal has a marvellous 
touch on and around the 
greens. However, he struggled, 
like so many of bis more 
experienced opponents, to 
handle the greens. “Somebody 
needed a sense of humour to 
I cut the holes in some of the 
positions they were put.” one 
wit said 

That probably explains why 
i Olazabal contrived to miss 
four pulls of less than five feet 
and why Ian Woosnam, who 
I also registered a 68, edged a 14 
inch putt wide at the fourth to 
drop his only shot. 

Moreover, Howard Clark, 
the leading money winner on 
the European circuit this sear 
son, became so frustrated with 
the greens that he reverted to 
employing a wedge to “Wade" 
the ball at several holes. 

“I lost patience with the 
greens,” admitted Clark. "I 
like putting on fast greens and 
in my opinion the grass was 
loo long. I've used a wedge in 
this way in the past, i have a 
tendency to allow my wrists to 
become floppy and 1 find that 
putting with a wedge firms 
them up. 1 missed seven putts 
from inside 12 feet and 1 
decided it was time to do 
something different." 

Clark, however, returned to 
a more conventional weapon 
at his last hole - the ninth — 
where he made a pun of 12 
feet for an eagle three follow- 
ing a three wood approach of 
235 yards. That enabled Clark 
to complete a one-under-par 
71. Ken Brown, the defending 
champion, also returned a 71. 
in spite of dropping two shots 
in his first three holes. 

unless stated): 67: E Dussart . 

68: l Woosnam , J M Olazabal (Spk 
Waters. 6ft A Gamdo (Sp), J M 
Canizaras (Sol A Rorsbrand {Sw»} 

is less 
than its 

j Simon 
m ! Barnes 

Forebrana /S*WJ) 
7th J Oleary 
D Faharty. 
71: Q Ralph. J FUwo 
K Brown, H Cterte. 

Marshall McLohan 
television and Wasted sports 
pages. B« the local yotefs « 
the global vfflage have since 
decided that their main leisure 
occupation is watching sport 
on tetevisim. For that 
sport has become a road that 

leads to riches and power and 

pod glory* Some people 

map wage all fiNET at OOCe. 

Take the World Cap, a 

football competition which B 
about to take over two enttte 
national channels. Most of the 
rest of the world will be 
watching the same matches at 
the same tune as I wflL Foot 
years ago I watched live 

football from the World Cop at 

3am with the commentary m 
Cantonese. I hope *f°h° 
Motson will be as easy to 


The bumpkins of the global 
village will be staying op late, 
or getting op early, to see the 
same matches. But at the same 
time. I'll bet that the football- 
ers will be playing to half- 
empty stadiums all over 
Mexico. At many games, there 
will be more media-men than 

Television now 
the real thing 

This b no longer an anoma- 
ly. The sporting mega-games 
are for electronic mega-audi- 
ences — not for anyone physi- 
cally present It is television 
that has become the real thing. 
It is now the paying pouters 
that are seeing through a glass 

The television cameras 
bring yon the best views. On 
Channel 9 cricket in Australia 
(not on ffie BBC yet, sad to 
say) yon can sit beside the 
bowler's arm at both eods for 
every balL Yon never miss a 
single catch by going far a 
beer. In fact, television has 
changed the way we watch 
sport: we watch with the 
engine of concentration idling 
ami only rev up for the action 
replays. Even at a Lord's Test 
match, the wisest cricketing 
heads in England swivel to- 
wards the telfies on the press 
box wall to watch the action 
replays after they have seen — 
or Minted at — the dismissal. 

At some sporting events, the 
pressmen never get outside the 
press tent Sometimes yon get 
a better idea of what is going 
on from telly than yen do from 
watching in the flesh. During 
the cross-country stage in 
three-day events daring 
woridchampioMhips, it Is telly 
that is the real thing. 

In big smoker events, no 
serious joari list would dream 
of leaving the press room to 
watch from the anditorimn, 30 
feet away. He watches on telly, 
cigarette m one hand and 
telephone in the other. 

learning meaning 
of pain 

And real, non-journalistic 
people often prefer watching 
television to attending the live 
event. At most main sporting 
occasions you pay a fortnne for 
warm beer, meat pies a to 
health hazard and a rotten 
seat. If yon watch television 
yon get a comfy chair, cheese 
and pickle sandwiches matte 
mth loving care, and cold beer 
that always seems to be yoar 
favourite brand. Last time I 
went racing in Tatts it was 
impossible to buy a beer at all 
unless yon were prepared to 
miss a race for it I often think 
that the people who non sport- 
ing events should be forced to 
attend them from the cheapest 
seats and pay their own money 
to do so. Then they would 
learn the meaning of pain. And 
why people so regularly prefer 
the telly. 

Some sports, notably toot- 
ha U, still winge on about the 
sad effect television has had on 
their audiences. But watching 
televised sport is a habit of the 
80s: live sport trying to seduce 
us back with the facilities of 
the 50s. Try going to Wimble- 
don without a privileged ticket 
if you want to see what I mean. 

Meanwhile, other sports are 
doing their utmost to peddle 
their souls and anything else 
that might be saleable in their 
efforts to climb into the 
box. They play squash in a hi- 
tech goldfish bowl In the 
mistaken belief that the panw 
makes good television, fable 
temus people are experiment- 
ing with Woe tables, red nets 
and orange balls, to an attempt 
to unike the game's charm 
telensible. / 

The power and the wealth of 

mesa-sport is something ev- • 
erybody wants, and teferision 
rathe only key. The image has 

m truth, reality never had a 

MisBttaas 1