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a j] 


No 62,47! 





arms talks 


- «**! 

■J s. 






Readership of The 
Times is continuing to 
expand and the 
paper is the most cost- 
effective national 
daffy newspaper for 
reaching young, 
successful adults. 

This is disclosed by 
official National 
Readership Survey 
figures issued today for 
2 the period October 
J 1985 to March 1986. 

• Total readership of 
the paper is rising too, 
with a present fimire 
of 1,300,000 readers - 
a 38,000 increase on 
the same period last 

• A greater 
percentage of readers 
than those of any 
other national paper- 
61 per cent — is from 
the AB socio-economic 
□roup. This group 
includes those men and 
women occupying 
the senior positions in 
their professions, 
industries and 

• Readership among 
ABCIs under 45 has 
grown by 122 per 

cent to 844,000 - 65 per 
cent of Times readers 
are now under the age 
of 45. (The Daily 
Telegraph’s equivalent 
figure is 43 percent) 
T&nes readers are 
among the best- 
informed In file world, 
and a potent market for 

Source: J 1 CN ARS 


'' *■»; 

1 iy. 

• ^ • 

■■■ . ! zy 

America's role in' an 
ations and strongly 
the Soviet Union 
what he called its 
join the United States “i 
framework of truly -mu 
restraint”. -i . 

The Presktenf s comments 
were included in a message fie 
sent to the Internationa Pbfr 
sicians for the Prevention (a 
N uclear War congress, in Co- 
logne. But many senior defe- ^ 
gates at the meeting - were; 
disappointed by the tone of r 
the message, which contrasted 
sharply with greetings sent to 
the congress by ' Mr 

President Reagan said be 
had sought to accelerate nego- 
tiations -on the reduction of 
the two superpowers’ nuclear 
arsenals since November. 
“We have serious proposals 
on the table. In Start (Strategic 
Arms Reductions Talks) we 
have proposed a 50 per cent 
reduction in strategic nuclear 
weapons, appropriately 

“We have also proposed a 
realistic schedule for the glob- 
al elimination of United 
States and Soviet longer-range 
INF (Intermediate-range 
Nuclear Forces), missiles. In 
the defence and space talks we 

have proposed an open-lab- 
oratories initiative deagned to 
build confidence on both sides 
that the respective research is 
not offensive in nature.” 

The United States had put 
forth proposals for a compre- 

bepsivet verifiable ban on 
^weapons, and had 
initiatives for effective 
cab on of existing nuclear 
' 0 limit ations, he said. . 
jrettably the Soviet 
n has; thus far foiled to 
positively at the nego- 
*“*~te to these prop os- 
are also greatly 
by Soviet failure to 

I RoobaP) - Mr Valentin 
Hslin, fcd of the Soviet news 
7 tasti, said yesterday 
he sceptical about a 
summit meeting 
- 1 “Wains its a me nt 

ouefear policy. He said 
t he p saad summit was 
agreed oiaiy jf something 

concrete Ce oat of iL 

comply .Wjjiajar arms con- 
trol agretitts, agreements 
we have (plied with scru- 
pulously, ip join us in a 
framework truly mutual 

“Redudidsks, building 
confidence id achieving 
deep redt% of nuclear 
arsenals is ap and arduous 

“We kmnjg 5 m we are 
ready to nejte. I ask the 
Soviet Unk, join us in 
practical me* that move 
us ever ctose^ goal of a 
safer more si world built 

on increased Sdence and 
trust and free the risks of 


President Rjts message 
was the last Q* >mmmiic&- 

tions from world leaders to 
arrive at the congress. It came 
more than 24 hours after most 
others, including that sent by 
Mr Gorbachov. 

The Russian leader made 
no reference to the US in his 
message, but wished delegates 
success in their “noble efforts” 
in seeking to avoid nudear 

American officials dose to 
the leadership of 1PPNW were 
depressed by President 
Reagan’s message and by news 
of his renunciation of the 
Salt 2 arms treaty. 

Professor John Pastore, the 
IPPNW secretary, said: “It’s a 
very hard messagsasfarasihe 
Soviets are concerned. We 
know that the President does 
not share our views on how to 
end the arms race, and we had 
the feeling that the White 
House was reluctant to semi a 
message of support to os. We 
were never going to get a 
message Idling ns to keep up 
the good work.” 

Professor John Kenneth 
Galbraith of Harvard Univer- 
sity told the congress that 
arms negotiations between the 
superpowers had become 
disastrous charade”. 

The military establishment 
in berth countries had become 
an independent force which 
exploited conflict and tension, 
he said. “The arms control 
negotiations are not meant to 
limit and reduce the threat of 
nudear devastation. They are 
now a design for quieting 
public fear of nuclear war. 

v tx- 

- 7 ’, 


■ :cst‘ 


Never V •, 

Britons undauted 
by ETA boms 


A record mnnber of British expected to *%in< ja 

President Reagan 
bangs up bis spurs at 
the end of his 
present term apd, 
with two years to go, 
ambitious American 
politicans are back 
into the never- 
endinground of 

electioneering . 


_ _ sfeifar to the ea3*3-. 

soon oil Thursday ala hotel on 
the Cbsta dd SoL - 
' Responsibility for the ex- 
plosion at Fnehprola. was.. 
yesta^ay admitted by fee - 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion ETAina tdephonecaHto 

■’eta had oh Monday an- 
nounced a “terror campaign" 
against southern n$orts to 
pressure Spain into accepting- 
independence from it for the 
three-province northern 
Basque region^ 

Days before ETA an- 
nounced its campaign, police 
explosives experts discovered 
and defused two small bombs 
believed to have been set by 
ETA in hotels in the southern 
towps of Tonemolinos and 
Marbefla. On- Tuesday a small 
bomb exploded in a hotel in 
Tqrremolinos, but caused tit- 
tle damage and iro injuries. 

nwsummer terrorism cam- 
against tourism an- 
dxm Monday is ETA's 

‘ Biitlhe Association : of Brit- 
ish Tour- Operators says that 
Britons are undaunted by the 
thfeaf of : a new terrorist 
campaign and predict holiday 
saJra to Spain will be up 20 per 

Navy ‘shot 
down army 

is E12 ! poU4o 


,\4PbitfoBo Gold com- 
peritjon today -fte 
' weekly prize of 
£8,000 plus the daily . 

; £4,000. 

* • Yesterday’s £4,000 
prize waswon outright 
F by Mr D-Harwood, ot 
■ Putney, London- - 
• Portfolio lists, 

- pages 20 and 24; rules 
and how to play, 38. 

■ ban 

■‘■Public opinion 
• -gradually moving dptavmffof 
' . a ban on 

' sponsored sport, aocafii^B to 
a MORI poll commissioned 
v by The Times - 

On This Day 

'» : Six weeks after the last out- 
v : : buret of Chartism in London 
there was a vroileni oenrao- 


'■ gland, reported in The-TTnus 

■ on May 31, 1848 

on May: 

-- ! :liioeNWl,M 
Owrsess 5-7 
.-..Arts J° 

-- Births, deal ta. 


’I ■ 

>; 8 Sa^nS 

',*• JMsry 1 


■ft *** 



small devices it# 
any affect 'dri boat 
a source in the 


Britons visiting 
fice . in London 
keeping in' touch 
Spanish autbonti 
would not be issuing a 

British tourists flying 
Spain for their holidays yester 
day spoke of their concern 
about a possible bombing 
campaign, but emphasized 
they had no inten tion of 
canmfting or Cutting short 
their trips and so giving in to 

Thomson Holidays said it 
had sold 80 per cent of its 2 
million holidays to Spain and 
reported increased sates to 
other Mediterranean resorts. 

Intersun claimed reports of 
Thursday's bomb attack ax the 
Hotel Las Palmeras in 
Fuengfrbla were exaggerated 
and said that all British tour- 
ists. staying there had chosen 
to continue their holiday. 

Both Intersun and Horizon 
holidays said they had double 
last year's bookings, and all 
three major lour groups pre- 
dicted record sales this year 
because , of cheap prices and 


The deaths of foar British 
soldiers daring the Falkland 
Islands conflict in 1982 are 
thought tn have been caused 
iy a missile from a Royal 
Navy Sestroyer which shot 
down the helicopter hi which 
they were flying. 

The Ministry of Defence 
said yesterday that It hnd been 
assumed that the Gazelle heB- 
had been destroyed by 
tine tire. 

a review of the evidence 
ir, suggested that the 
was that it had 
by a Sea Dart 
from the Type 42 air 
»yer, HMS Car- 
next of kin 
[of the new evidence 

Mrs Winifred 
62, of Ayles- 
sfaire, the 
one of the da 
Army of having 
the death of 
aged 22, who 
: in the helicopter, 
an Amy captain 
see her and said 
99 per cent 
[her son’s heBcop- 
[down by the Navy, 
said: "We 
that. I have 
realized what 
son. It was the 
The Army Air 

page 20, col 1 


£cn t tia^tast year, with as many because . of cheap prices 
as 5 milUon British tourists gloomy weather at home. 

£400,000 payoff to TV e%tive 

" - . By Clare Dobie 

Mr Bryan CowgiH, the for- 
mer managing director of- 
Thames Television, received 
nearly £400,000 when he re- 
sigoed last year aftera dispute 
over the poaching of -Dallas 
from the BBC; 

Thames paid- a total- of 
£559,000 to Mr Cowgill and 
Mr Muir Sutherland, the pro- 
gramme director whpse^rpar- 
ture was described yesterday 

by the ebairznair, Mr Hugh 
Dundas, as entirely amicable. 

The bulk of the money went 
to Mr dowgill. who had just 

deal pnrol 

two-year contract, 
money relates to 

4 Mr. Cowgfll 
pcWiwntihase of 

work cl 
the BBC 

ish tdevisr 

Idvision.The JPfife-. by ATV 
outcry from ' ~~ m " “ ' 

rival nel- 
itaWy York- 
on and 
e BBC 

in Brit- 
was £1 
ack Gill 

The beleaguered farmer, Mr Leslie AttweU (right), taiirinp 
to a policeman at his farm near Yeovil yesterday. 

Promise of money 
for autumn start 
of GCSE exam 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

The Government gave a 
clear assurance yesterday that 
the new GCSE examination 
would go ahead in the autumn 
school term and promised 
more money would be avail- 
able if necessary. 

- Mr Christopher Patten, 
Minister of State for Educa- 
: on, would not be drawn on 
, <s exact amount of extra 
rjrcnding, but made it plain 
the Government was pre pa red 
to spend to make the reform 

Speaking at the National 
Association of Head Teachers 
Conference in Cardiff he 
accepted there would have to 
be negotiations about how 
much money would be 

Discussions were going on 
between teachers and local 
authority associations and the 
results of these talks should be 
known “in the next few 
months”, he said. 

“The precise costings that 
we are able to arrive at we will 
want to take account of in 
discussions with the local 
education authorities in the 
Rate Support Grant for next 
year”, be said. 

Significantly Mr Patten told - 
conference delegates in reply 
to questions: “There would be 
no point in discussing these 
costings with you unless we 
wanted to act on them.” 

The Government was look- 
ing at two issues, be said, 
injection of extra money into 
the Rate Support Grant for the 
new examination and 
_ extra moriey for the 
through specific grants. 
But he cautioned the dele- 
gates that some of the things 
which had been said on re- 
sources were wide of the mark. 

“It is not sensible to take the 
view that you can only do a 
GCSE subject if you have a 
text book with GCSE on the 
spine.” A bigger issue was the 

cost of extra teachers for the 
new examination, he said. 

Mr David Han, general 
secretary of the NAHT, said 
this was the first specific 
commitment made by a Gov- 
ernment minister that there 
would undoubtedly be extra 
fending for- the new examina- 
tion. “They clearly intend to 
provide additional resources”, 
be said. 

But the problem was urgent 
“We have to make progress 
within the next week or so at 
the outside. Otherwise we are 
not going to be able to get 
books and equipment into the 
schools by the beginning of the 
autumn tenn ” 

Teachers’ unions, including 
the NAHT this week, are 
demanding £100 million for 
introduction of the new ex- 
amination to replace O levels 
and CSE; the Government 
have given between £20 mil- 
lion and £30 million. 

Mr Patten, who was ad- 
dressing the head teachers in 
the absence of the new Educa- 
tion Secretary, Mr Kenneth 
Baker, said there was no 
question that the examination 
would be postponed, as the 
teaching unions have 

This was simply not 
realistic option, be said. Post- 
ponement would mean exami- 
nation boards re-establishing 
the old machinery which they 
bad dismantled. 

“If we postponed, we would 
have to postpone fora number 
of years. It is right to go ahead 

Asked why Mr Baker had 
not accepted an invitation to 
speak to the conference, Mr 
Patten made clear it was not a 
snub. “I would be extremely 
surprised if a bead, within a 
week of taking up an appoint- 
ment in a school, thought it 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

bar as 

By Staff Reporters 
The occupation of a Somer- 
set fanner’s land by more than 
300 hippies ended last night as 
they moved off in a convoy of 
ramshackle vehicles adder po- 
lice surveillance. 

The itinerants began lea 1 
after bailiffs served a F „ 
Court notice on them to tpait 
the Lytes Carey site owned by 
Mr Leslie AttwelL 

Police in transit vans 
\ watched as nearly 100 vehicles 
'? were driven off the land amid a 
chorus of car boras. 

Other landowners in the 
area barricaded their property 
to prevent a repetition of the 
occupation which had forced 
Mr AttweU to seek a High 
Court injunction to regain 
possession of his land. 

The hippies left behind 
three vehicles in his field and 
as he dog a trench to prevent a 
possible return of the convoy, 
Mr AttweU said: 4 *! do not 
know what I will have to do 
now antil I have spoken to the 
Ministry of Agriculture bid I 
expect I will have to plough 
the land to eradicate any 

“1 can only say thank God 
they have gone. The last week 
has been a ni ghtmar e,” 

Last night the hippies were 
heading m the direction of 
richest er, in Somerset, along 
the A303. Before the two 
Somerset sheriffs’ officers ar- 
rived at Mr AttweU’s farm, Mr 
Robert Boscawea, the Conser- 
vative MP for Somerton and 
Frome, was pelted with mud 
by hippy children as he told 
jonrnatists that the camber- 
some law on trespass had to be 
changed to speed ap the legal 
process for landowners to 
repossess their property. 

Police outside the farm were 
also pelted with eggs by the 

Mr David Yale and Mr 
Richard Went escorted by 
senior police officers, wan- 
dered among the hippies 
handing out copies of the High 
Court injunction granted to 
Mr AttweU on Thursday. 
They were greeted by shouts iff 
“go away", “why don’t yon 
ic£ve us alone”, and -leave ns 
in peace". 





lan Botham, the England 
cricketer, has formally lodged 
an appeal to the Cricket. 
Council and is also consider- 
ing legal action after being 
b anned for two months from 
all first-class and international 

Mr Botham, who was 
“found guilty” by the Test and 
County Cricket Board on 
Thursday ofTmiieiiig the game 
into disrepute after admitting 
smoking cannabis, has asked 
the appeals committee of the 
Cricket Council, the govern- 
ing body in England, to meet 
within 10 days. 

Mr Alan Herd, Mr 
Botham's solicitor, said yes- 
terday: “We have appealed 
against both the derision and 
the sentence. It is a matter of 
great urgency because my 
client is unable to play first- 
class cricket until after July 31. 
We are also considering the 
possibility of legal action.” 

Mr Hera would not specify 
what action was contemplated 
but it is possible that Mr 
Botham could claim restraint 
of trade since be will lose at 
least £7,500 in appearance fees 
by missing all three Tests 
against India, two one-day 
Texaco internationals and one 
Test against New Zealand. 

In addition he will be 
unable to play in nine county 
games for Somerset 
A five-man appeals com- 
mittee would consist of an 
independent chairman, a rep- 
resentative from the players' 
body, the Cricketers' Associa- 
tion, and three people nomi- 
nated by the Cricket Council 
The committee, which has 
the power the vary the penal- 
ty, would review the evidence 
considered by the nine-man 
TCCB Disciplinary Commit- 
tee which found Mr Botham 
“guilty" of using cannabis; 
admitting to using it; denying 
in the past that he had used 
drugs, and making public 
pronouncements without 
clearance from his county. 

The hearing was called after 
the appearance of a signed 
article by Mr Botham in The 
Mali on Sunday on May 18, 
containing an admission feci 
be had smoked marijuana. 

i d. But 
• es left 
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th a 38 
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rating at 

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Leak of radioactive 
rust at Sellafield 

i smu 
jafl ar 
June 2 
39, • 

A leak of “slightly radio- 
active” rust from Britain’s 
oldest nuclear power station 
led to three workers being 
evacuated, British Nuclear 
Fuels disclosed yesterday. 

No-one was contaminated 
and air samples showed no 
evidence of additional radio- 
activity, BNFL added 

The incident, on Thursday, 
occurred when one of the four 
reactors at Calder Hall power 
station, pan of the Sellafield 
site in Cumbria, was being 

Carbon dioxide used to 

flush out air from a boiler was 
inadvertently vented into a 
working area inside the build- 

BNFL said that in the 
“minor” incident, a “small 
quantity of slightly radioac- 
tive rust entrained in the 
carbon dioxide was deposited 
on about three square yards of 
the working area immediately 
outside [he building”. 

The teak would normally 
have been reported only to 
local staff and the Govern- 
ment, but now every incident 
is to be made public. 


Princess Margaret ill 

Woman ropy fan 

By Oor Sports Staff 


World Cop, which 
day in Mexico City, 
rests in the hands of a woman 
from Ealing, who pre- 
Rngby Union toJootbaH,a 
to wilHwK of. 
ly awaiting the game's 

is hi 

fee 75- ha 
rTdevfeioa ia 

team, fe,a 

for Dr /Edwari d 


jAheartattac* .Si 
he saBtefj [ <£ fenridaywhfVi 
watctfBgPvfea w match. *as 
Until Renans .. Dr Jd*hen 
Crane J ;,_ T = — " 
Towg IS look 

after *e 
pari! ft 

party, pto- 
first game on 
1 "OrtogsJ. 
three ch3- 
heos the centre 
since she 
in as England 
foot that she is 
iacreased the 

Sunday J 

football team? 
got rme. Actually I 

the BBC have tnedi- 
with their parties. 

for London 
Teferfarin sahl it 
to send a doctor 
was tiux^ht necessary 
welfare iff the party, 
to be m: top 

By Alan Hamilton 

Princess Margaret, who is 
on an official visit to West 
Berlin, cancelled all her en- 
gagements yesterday because 
of what Clarence Hofase de- 
scribed as a severe throat 

She was due to take the 
salute at a parade of British 

troops to mark the Queen’s 
official birthday. 

The Princess, aged 55, is 
due to return to London today 
but her staff said that that 
would depend on her health. 

Lasl year Princess Margaret, 
a cigarette smoker, was admit- 
ted to hospital for investiga- 
tion of a lung complaint, but 
was given the all-clear. 

ers to England stars 

> Ti 

era Eke Biyaa 

W"**. rfS fc.~ 
Lsneker, Che EfMfee'Unk 
Kcreoal Years nfji 

can be (brown away by a 
sadden strain or illness. In 
1970, England were defending 
the World Cop in Mexico bnt 
lost their quarter-final tie to 
West Germany 3-2 after their 
goalkeeper, Gordon Banks, 
suffered a stomach upset. 

England, the only Earopean 
notion to qualify for the 24- 
natioB finals without befog 
beaten, have not lost any of 
their past nine games. They 
most finish in the top two of 
(bear preliminary pool to move 
to the s econd romnd. The other 
countries in their group are 
Morocco, Poland and 

The competition in the pre- 
pools is on a league 
reduce (be number of 
to 16. The tourna- 

ment then combines on a 
knock-out basis, ending with 
the final in Mexico City on 
June 29. 

Northern Ireland, who are 
based at Gnadalajara, face 
Algeria, Spain and Brazil. 
Scotland, who have never ful- 
filled their potential in inter- 
national (onmaments, are in a 
group at Qnerttaro ami 
Nezahnalcdyod am! most play 
West Germany, Uruguay and 
Denmark in what is generally 
considered the toughest of die 
six groups. 

Tie competition, for which 
there is oo dear favourite, 
begins today with Italy, the 
holders and three-time win- 
ners, playing Bulgaria in the 
Aztec Stadium. 

Previews, comment, page 40 




















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tttf TIMES SATURDA vMAY 31 198 — 

A two-branch legal 
sion is artificial and outmoded 
and should be replaced by a 
single fused proton of law- 
yers, the Young Solicitors 
Group says in a paper pub- 
lished yesterday. 

The group is the latest to 

support a ra*u«u iciv. 
profession and an end to fee 
restrictive pracuces whichdis- 
tinguish solicitors from barr- 
isters. , .. 

In a strong attack on tne 


a much smaller Bar which 

could be regarded as a separate 

body of specialist advocates or 
consultants. . 

But that distinction no long- 
er applies. Although the Bar 
, “includes specialist advocates* 
there are many whose advoca- 
cy is found wanting . 

' The paper adds: “Moreover 
specialist advocates are not 
exclusively members of™ 
Bar. There is a considerable 
body of solicitor advocates 
and their number is mc- 

rc ft' savs that over the yearn 1 
the functions of the two 

branches have converged: ot- 

ten barristers are no less 
generalist than their solicitor 
counterparts and solicitors are 
becoming more and more 

specialized- _ 

“Given the numbers now 
Qualifying as solicitors and 
barristers, and given their 
converging functions, tne 
present system is a nonsense. 

The group’s proposals are 
far more radical than those in 
the consultative paper pro- 
duced last autumn by a Law 
Society committee, which 
stopped short of fusion and 
advocated the retention of a 
separate specialist Bar, al- 
though significantly smaller 
than now. . , 

But the young solicitors 
oaoer savs that although con- 
sultants - spedaiist 

who would mostly be bnefed 
by other lawyers - would still 
be needed, it sees no justifica- 
tion for a separate Bar. 

That would be pointless, it 
says, if all lawyers have com- 
mon rights of audience in all 
the courts and the public have 
direct access to all lawyers, 

• including the consultants. 

It calls for a .common 
education and training for all 

lawyers, similar to solicitors 
articles, consisting of a one 
year post-degree course ana 
then two years practical 

training. , 

As well as direct access by 
the public to all lawyers, there 
would be unrestricted rights ot 
'n.fiiAnr* in all courts, only to 

be limited to certain courts in 
the first three years after 

qU Afr^judicial appointments 
should also be open to all 
lawyers, and a system tor 
accrediting specialists should 
be introduced. 

Fusion is opposed by tne 
Lord Chancellor, the Bar and * 

was also opposed by the Royal J 

Commission on Legal Ser- 
vices in 1 979 which said it was 
not in the public interest and 
would jeopardize the quality 
both of advocacy and future 

But the paper says it injects 
the views of the Government, 
the Lord Chancellor and the 
Bar and urges a reassessment 
of the Royal Commissions 
reasons which it says are “not 

One effect of the present 
restrictions is that 44^000 
lawyers are prevented from 
appearing in the higher courts, 
the paper says. 

“The potential advantage to 
the public if even a fraction of 
r this number were to avail 
[ themselves of extended rights 
r is self-evident" 

. The paper accepts that one 
; result of its proposals would 
> be laige businesses going di- 
i reel to a consultant and not 
- through another lawyer as 
v now. 

Ii Also, large firms of solici- 
1 tors would be able to attract 
a and retain consultants. But the 
t- best consultants would form 
t their own practices, and simi- 
larly there would be firms of 
s’ advocates as well as sole 
i- practitioner advocates, it says. 

5 It was the Young Solicitors 
S who first put forward radical 
__ proposals for reform of the 
profession in 1972. But at that 
time these attracted little 
tt _ . support. 

di Since then, there have been 
ve “dramatic changes in the size 
rs, of the profession, the econom- 
ic climate and the political 
on climate" it says, and it is time 
all to review those proposals. 


unclear 1 

An al^pany group ofMPsij 

Bon of Britain’s nuclear rates- 
uy in t he wak e of fee 
Chernobyl disaster. _ • 

The inquiry, fey the Goto* 
mons select commi ttee ^o a 

enet»\ < 

between it ana tne select c 
committee on the environ- 
ment which conducted an Ll- 

UKintb investigation into fee 

MPs on the energy cwnma- 
tee will spend two days at fee 

The _ 

yesterday. They are, froi 

Red Arrows 

By Rodney Cowton 

The Royal Air Force's aerobatic 
t~ .ni the Red Arrows, today give 
their 2000th public display at Ham 
Airport, Bournemouth. 

From their first appearance * 
Biggin Hffl in April 1965, fee Red 
Arrows made almost 1,300 displays 
flying the red-painted G nat aircraft, 

Action on 
disruption He 

By Our Political Staff day, 

mra ic 

before changing in 1980 to the Hawk 
advanced jet trainer, which the team 
is expected to continue to nse at least 
no til the end of the century. 

The great majority of feesedis- 
plnys have been given m Britain, 
altbHgh Squadron Leader Henry 
Ptaszek. the team's manager, said 
they had also flown throeghout 


^displays in Germany on June 1. 

The display is gS^n by nl 
aircraft The pilots eaj, ^ 
years with fee ££\ 

them changing every jw- SJP * 
Ploszek said that usually there w 

of 41 candidates hr the three 

was looked far was a fast jet 
with about 1200-1500 homes of 
1 flyfig experience, which m eat he 
- was probably about 28, had the nude 
of Flight Lieutenant, and was of above 
average ability. The members fad 
also to be aide to fa into a team. 

Hred teachers’ conference 

Appraisal given bad 

t Undoes. Education Correspondent 

reqmgad by law to caB in the f beat i ng the 

police to ensure students ido * 

not disrupt campus meetings, Mr fan Macdonald, head of 

Head teachers were yester- 1 do like it “ 

day prepared to accept ap- not on my 
praisS ofto performance so otheremtoedi^on^tee 
long as it was not seen as a are appraised loo, hesaKL 

.-I f (in, thl> . :.i _.«Mnnancwhn 

not disrupt campus weetii^s, 
under new powers being 
sought by die Government. 

Baroness Young, a govern- 
ment education spokesman, 
tabled an amendment to the 

ick for beating the a crucial question was who 
•ofcssion. J , would do the appraising. Mr 

Mr lan Macdonald, head of David Hancock, permanent 
idhurv UoDer School, Suf- cMmuarv at the Department of 

mitiu ui — 

conference in Cardiff that he 

_ . dim lAilllCIvUVAr ill « " — 

tabled an amendment to the fa^ur of appraisal as 

Education Bill yesterday to . 35 j t was properly 

resourced, supportive, devel- 

at universities and colleges 01 0 ^ enta j i constructive and 
further education. ^ of a continuous process. 

It fulfils the Governments PjJ ^ unacceptable when it 
promise to Lady. was seen as an instrument of 

servabve peer, m the lotto a system for provid- 

fest week to to^actionto. payawanls, a rou- 

prevent tfae physHal and w- bureaucratic procedure 

suggested a cadre of h ea d 
teacher assessors drawn from 
recently retired heads, local 
authority advis ers a nd recent- 
ly retired inspectors. 

Mr Macdonald had some 
doubts about assessors with 
no experience of the class- 
room or of management. 
More acceptable was the sug- 

_■ _ ^1 « — - — ran nPO/l 

Hatton likely to miss 

new Militant hearing 

The Labour Party's man- acting ;fcr the £cmd . 10 make 
thon disciplinary hirings su S^gtSSta2S«ady frus- 

as racist or rasas*. . 

The House of Lords is likely 
to approve adding these pw- 
ers to the Bill during a third 
reading debate on Msrfay. 
Although many MPs am be 
worried about its practical 
effect it is also expected to be 
backed by the Comm ons. 

The amendment requires:. 

• No student or university 
employee to act in a way 

raised by a nu 
ers. Mr Bnan 
bead of Cram 
in Norfolk, j 
resource imp 
daunting. J 

Mr Kennel 
South Walne# 
Barrow, Cu* 
teachers inf 
worked o» 
scheme whip 
£500,000. IT 
ground bee#* 
refused to 
If such to % 
to the whrf® 
lion to thf^h 
The mote 1 . 
appraisal f" 1 

ntJ of speak- 
injent King, 
mfgh School 
I that the 
^tons were 

efQ. head of 
filior School, 
1 said that 
jlnbria had 
j appraisal 
|is costed at 
|r got off the 
pe authority 
ph a sum. 

I was applied 
intry, teacher 
add £75 mil- 
ation budget. 

Cumbria next raoma. tncy 
also hope to took i nto fee 
implications of the Govern* 
meat's derision on tfaepfan to 
tezfd a second nuclear power 
station at Sinewed, in Suftofic, 

expected soon. - 

Some members were dis- 
mayed by the environment 
committee’s highly critical ie- 
port which described witea 'i 
nuclear 'waste sites as “primi- 
tive in the e x tre me " and 
criticized the "defensive 
sccreziveness" in the nudeur 

The new inquiry wifi coin- 
cide wife fee specs! safety 
check being earned out at 
— rs n w ■ j SeBafidd by fee Nuclear In- 

L a S: W siataikiTO Inspectorate. U was 

he aide to fa into a team. aaSmd ^ ^ Health and 

« ■ . ■ Safety Executive after an out- 

P|aa ffvi* cry over leaks from the plam 
X 1.VCI 1V1 atm is seen as an attempt to 
restore public confidence. In- 
mnrp specters feiisbed examining 

. muA ^ fee site das week and their 



By Onr Education 

Correspondent [Alton Rugby Cub's former 
, aw captain, was cleared at Win- 

A” Chester Crown Court yester- 

narsery e d neatiw for <a can- day of caustngmievous bodily 
dren coming up to thar fatfa w ^ opp^ing pbyer, 

^^yswron^yMtefay aft^a seven^S 
byjffi 5 The prosecution had sug- 

of Wharfed ate Sc hool, Yfegg- gatl ^ ^ Hogwood, of 
la Water, Suriey. Upper Froyle, Ahon, Hamp* 

She complained bitterly shire, had grabbed the collar of 
about the F%ht of summer- Mr Andrew Crosstey, captain 
born children who, she smd, of the Rmmey dub, and 

miwwl wlnratiftfi hmMittqr pwiffharf him «l the jaw. Mr 

could not begin school fee Hogwood said thanhere was a 

fkw fifth Inrthhv mllitinn nf iJnvnx 

uraiu uui noon aw« w ■■ ■ — 

tmn after their fifth birthday, collision of players, 
fevoiff of Tb ^ bon, b, Hie snrine or 


month, almost certainly vwui- "STSS& couM deride 

^ e rKS°HanoL toh^NfrHatton’s casern his 

target, Mr Derek nano absence but this would m- 

The resumed crease fee chance of successful 


The following revised rates of interost 
will apply from 1st June 1986 to S Imre 
and Deposit accounts currently offered by 
Alliance & Leicester Building Society: 

Premium Plus 

8.00% Interest annuafly 

7.72% Interest monthly 

Gold Plus 

Balances £10,000 or over 

7.75% Interest annually 

■ 7.49% Interest monthly 

Balances £2^00 - £9,999^9 
7.50% Interest annually 

7.25% Interest monthly 

Balances £500 - £2^S8J99 
7.00% Interest annually 

Gross equiv- 
alent at 29% 
income tax 



iatended to prevent anyone 
from stating any fact or ex- 
pressing any view; 

• Senior education officials 
should take such steps as 
reasonably practicable to 
pm ire sure any invited sp eaker 
is not prevented from express- 
ing an opinion; 

• Senior officak must seek 
the advice of the chief police 
officer If it helps to comply 
with the requirements. 

It would also apply to 
students' unions, even n they 
are not on campus. . 

Lord McIntosh of Haim- 
gey, an OpposMon edocatmn 
spokesman, described the 
amendment as j*so grotesque I 
cannot believe it”. 

It would give lawyers a field 

day because anyone denied the 

right to speak could take cml 
arti on against students or the 
college. To have police patrol- | 
ling a campus was no guaran- 
tee of the freedom of speech. 

Mis Margaret Thatcher 
and other Cabinet mimriers 
are known to have been furious 
that right-wing speakers had 
been prevented by students 
from *«fcing the platform- 
Lady Cox has campaigned 
to include legal powers for 
keeping politics out of schools 
and coUeges in the Education 
Bitt, whit* aims to give par- 
ents more say. 

Yesterday she said she was 
“delighted” with the 
Government's a mendment . 

■ m. in..!, (n ho divided 

Unions to 
talk on 

Merger talks may take place 

divan Mfrttnnfll ASSOCIE* 

United appjach 
on classrompvei 

Those bom in the spring or 

whiter are able to start school !< tllf CEt tO 

at the beginning of the term in ** • »n 
which they are five. Oil IP THllI 

“For every chfld with a Families and office worfce 

education, we have two who when- a fire at a mill fereat- 
afe HBder-priv3eged, T ’she told ened hundreds of gallons of oil 
I Y CE. ’ L *‘ih e conference. stored inside. 

Gwoment polio «« .More th pi )» toja 

Unanimous support was 
given to the proposal that aD 

. _ , anthnntiK 

a way Merger talks may take piao; . education authorities 

anyone between the National should be required to e^ablish 

ot ex- tionofHead TTOchersandfee m adecjuate system of cover 
Spmndarv Heads Association dav of a 

fiifhrst day 
is known In 

ded was a 
ply teachers 

More th<ui ISO firenjien 
fought to control the blaztff at 

n.. ui.^4 

what they IBred in fee way of mTaTS? 

The Secondaiy nraos v _ tenlay bi 
ciation, wilh 5,500 memb ers^ donation 
is reflects the .mjoaajj tat 

Fnupral of air 

» ^uneraioi air . 

■jt tw>nL» and often find' thev «iL Vl/iltTl 

their deputies. TheNAJHT, mya fbere 

with 26^00 membeis OTn ^ absent, 
tains both secondary mid pn- jplaihts 

marv heads and deputies, but It getting 

rStti^a primary school abooMte^J^ 

heads' oiganiration. Mike 

Messer talks failed three absent colie 

years ago because fee SKA Kent, said 

thought it would be swamped “lasses home 

by primary school teachers. h ®JJJ?J®ise he had 
There are a number of M metun ® f bbtain any 
differences between fee two been ranker ^ 
unions, notably over school ^^SfosenL 
meals supervision where fee 
NAHT wants a national agee- Ttat pennjsaon 

meat and the SHA advocates which teachers 

local ones. to enur 

Coroner aged^aces 
complaints ii^T 

Complaints a^instMr Mi- discovered 

chad Swan wick, aged t 80. UKem^’s death had 
Britain’s oldest coroner, are to that ^ kj days after 
i« considered by a special sub- been Cl.f, 9 V pniirt of 

“We have a Mad Hatter’s | crash victim 

s."iS3fsa , s 

ranee Pnmarv School m 'Turner, aged 24, of Kilk 

already have supply work, or 

Grange Primary School in 
Swansea, South Wales, said: 
“We must fight for adequa te 

.. mr mux mu* nfiuc iwi 

absent coue ug^bfa. .supply cover for children in 
Taylor,. “T Kent, said our classrooms. We cannot 


J3rJli permission 

today for Corporal Kevin 
'Turner, aged 24, of Kirk 
Hallan, Derby, one of two 
ainnen killed when two air- 
craft collided in mid air at fee 
i MiMenball Air Show in Sof- 
folk fast Sunday. 

Swansea gloom 

^ ner ne Knew uuimicu hi gn uk <«* mSnhn^wi Kaif-Hmo f„n«_ « 1 ■ o* w ”“ a 

HbsenL service.” mmimmn . ’ Swansea Gty wiB deckle on 

l Ulf anauthority That sentiment was echoed resourced e dBcatio oferoogh- Monday whether to continue 

1 hs permission by Mr Ken Arnold, of the out the year (faring which they wife their survival plans. The 

^jphr teachers NAHT council. * reached their fifth birthday. N dub s former chairman, Doug 

a y . Sharpe, claims that he still 

have a sequence of supply 
teachers coming in one after 
another to fill gaps and expect 
children to get the best 

That sentiment was echoed 

The conference prosed a 
motion urging fee Government 
to introduce legislation to 
ensure that children unable to 
benefit from nursery education 
should have the right to a 
mmimnui half-time , fully- 
resourced education throngh- 

1,000 battle 




10 . 21 % 


tS&AaSi sasa»?sg 

* iift.Enr in »k> Fjfnrfltfaiii committee ot ueiDysoire 



OTeru^o^pc^swh^ TherounS will not detail 
peers have added » ^ BdJ, complaints to be consd- 
which was originally thongbi ^ Thursday, but one 

tobeafrurlymod^ro^ro. oi 

Lady Mrs May Welch, aged 77, of 

S lliry Murdoch deal: 

A^uest ended in More than 1,000 framer 
Dw^fiSfcS employees of News faterna- 
thatM^.ft death fad heJd a mass meeting at 

been rU® yesterday to support a 

J^o r 'ife a verdict of ^ vote” in next werit’s UaD r 
mid**- . on fee coapany>£50 million 

eacnea meir bub unuuay. 1 ««« * uki cudumau, uuug 

_ .... Sharpe, claims that he still 

needs £120,000 to complete 

JMatlOnal City hiswrvival package and sattis- 
• , ..Ilv- wjE' *• High CourL“If we do 

aid se neme not get the money fee clubwiU 

• - j " close.”he-said. \ 

is proposed Trunks case 

Mr Michael Hesdtin^ -yes- Ralph Applcfev, 

terday called for an /urban from Allenton. f'B^vy. iu »- 
development corporation for back to Spain tofcay to appear 
the whole of England/ before ^ court m^M alaga. . 

miss ... w ~ — r—J- - 

severance pay imer. 
The meetii 
rua5 JSL^SfiC' Westminster's Ca 

™®it made no differ - 1 
he recorded the 
"Sause fee outcome 

”ine. ■ 

.wick does not face 
„ ‘retirement at 72.. 
„„roners who have 

The meeting at ^ ^ when h 

Westminster’s C«drri BfaD Secretary of Sate foi 
was cauro by umaon Environment, warned 

Machine Branch ra Sogat a* CniiflnimMit not TO cm* 

BankSave Plus 

Interest annually 

7j00% Share balances ££500 or over 9.86% 
6 jOQ% Share balanoas up to £2/139^8 8.45% 

~~ MoneyBuilder Plus 

6.25% In terest annually 8.80% 


Ordinary paid-up shares 

’ 5.25% Interest half-yearly 7.39% 

Ordinary Deposit 

5.00% IntaresthaH-yeaity f.O+'lo 

f, goners who have ? 
Sited since the local ® 
superannuation J 
rEjjis introduced in " 

19£ . b 

^roundls, wfech ^ 

aMBgaaai^™^— ciowne, Derbyshire, who diea "J superannuation 
indoc V 1, ^ )I1 T last year. Her deafe fad been Jgjs introduced in ®° 

Mhooh. The Loris .voted be- Gr 

“ i^tteinqoest was 19 ^ coundl! . whkh 

* b ^V^ to s ttHed “S^^dotaodatlhe 

inquest last August that bn-sii- for 1* ^ 

mrotreqmnngthat^euurar was responsble rour^ 11 ^^ 

fern in schools *b*M mm The inqtiesi was ovt^Lia 

“due regard to moral consider- a j= ounie< i for further Theffcfay respoipfety 
ations and the wine offit-Hr j^fejancel ta 

fife”. — — ; — — |e man t — _ 

Machine Branch <rf Sogat ’82 
to against the offer, 

which is ainsd at ending the 
Wapping dispute. 

The unnefa failed on Thurs- 
day to obtain a HSgh Conrt 
Hijonctioa to proven! Sogat 
from bolding a irftetal'haUot 
Both Sogat uraL oe National 

Mr Heseltiiie, . ivisiting the ■ ^^etogcdfei 
east LondonEtievetoinnent jeMt ^swim mn^jnm^ 

StSSTTsSTh te weel^pri^l^fecs 

SSSSSom. £ L,s°„i ible 

Government not to spend all s r‘. na: ' 
its extra cash on tax cuts. AlTDOrt OtH 

Airport opens 

Britain in lead withj 

By Ptearoe Wright, s 

The forerunner of a compst- wr pesmot - 9 

er which works wife tiny 1 

. ”“r5 ntdinmf it a that laiS mou® pern^s » 


^WunSW? 101 nwnbera tied VS 
^Hxiiary »alters. that the Hcfe 

interfere wfa* A 
i, 15 j an cefe» • opposed to 


Utor. jl ; 

15- ad vttl4 be less 
ISomt^ence. calarcmt. j 

are to 
tires on 

. — rxupvii v|ivu» 

. There was nothing unique. The Irish Republic’s fourth 
he said,' about the fast end of international airport, the Gon* 
London in terms of its mas- nacht regional airport, near 
sive urban dereliction, but the Knock, Co Mayo, was official- 
experience of: fee London ly opened yesterday by Mr 
Docklands Development Cor- Charles Harohey, leader offee 
potation proved that tech- oppositionrnnna FIB party, 
nique of rebnildmg prosperity _ 

sterday i 
ihes to 

in inner otiesworkea. 

He gave a warning on fee 
“vicious circle of dedjne”and 
said a nationwide urban de- 
velopment corporation was a 
matter of priority. 

Buses s 


find interest accounts 

rates lor individual accounts ve vwOaoie from any «*anca » 
Leicester branch ot from: 

Alliance & Leicester BuildifiB Society, 

ss “StJS 

strated by sdeutists in Edin - 

burgh m Monday. tomsfom ^ 

Common Market countries. _ Wluife ft 

The invrotiou, which is ers procep - J 

believed to be a world leader, thne very ggjfcn 

comes from a team at Heritor compute . sJfvm* 

Watt University. But Profes- 


Jell 5 


3 the ironW pwpa® 1116 , 
3 fimh tiie^foto'i 

fat Bdgniffii, IM? 
(fee set Genaany are being 
H Wtt atothepiofcct ■ 


JhfanaB Commission to 
fastest nljfoa'ooM^ff^- 

s^eed^ brealdhrough » 

The optical cdpu^u 

haps a mOfion tis off 


for the third Friday 

csicre^gy 35 drivgfj staged a 

ur strike over pay. 

more qmckly timsfee ^ 
eledronic device^ uw m 
tmn. ' . •* A 

The rind grt*fe ***3 
Optical Grt^ CwEerativj 
tasedoo Arizona 
Tucson, and ateamk nuwm 

Coosortimn- . 

- V . ■ ^ 

182 / 


■s for 



* ns 


*. 7* 

, •'UL. 

!r.H,."' E 



r a 

f& If 

.* r> 

* s ; i r SC 

i \\ !& 

\t* ! * 

More want to ban 
sport on television 

By Nicholas Ti mmins , Social Services Correspondent 

aw*** 10 Council insists ii docs not. But lions (the responses are in 
be gradually moving in favour the British Medical Associa- percent^* 
ol banning the televising of tion and anti-smoking pres- 
Mcco-sponsored sport, at a sure groups argue that tobacco There is currently a propos- 

nC vf- n ■ Mr e ** ,char d sponsorship of sport gets al to ban tobacco firms own 
acey. Minister for Sport, through to children. sponsoring sporting events 

ems determined to restrict A government-sponsored shown on TV, Do you think 
stop the prominent display survey in Northern Ireland the Government should: 
cigarette brand names at showed that 75 per cent of 1 1 r te- 
levised sports events. to 1 5-year-olds believed they Ban x P bacco 601,5 “pm 

A MORI opinion poircom- had STdg^advmiS^ sponsoring any sporting 
issioned by The Times on television, in spite of the e *£}' trZn 

ows Thai 33 per cent of the fact that it has been banned for 

ipulation would favour a 20 years, and studies suggest fh^n^TV^P 8 u 

0 now on tobacco firms 46 per cent of 7 to 15-ySr- 

onsoring any sporting olds watched last year's Em- Allow tobacco firms to con- 
em. an(Ta further 1 1 per- S^.’ S3£ s P onsonn S 

&SSSJ5S VS on 7ESZ2S32J&& 5 i 

of 44 per n™. i^SSoTS S jgJ? *£ 


mpared with previous polls smoke by such sponsorship. 

med out beween 1975 and Only 27 perSnt of Those 0n 

»81, m which support for a polled believed tobacco spon- , ’ , 

:n on cigarette companies sorship of sport on television A great deal 19 

onsoring any sporting event did not influence children to £ lair amount 21 

ictuated between 24 and smoke. A further 30 per cent Hardly at all 30 

1 per cent. felt it influenced them hardly ? i , 

The previous polls, summa- at all, with 40 per cent believ- U0D 1 Know J 

ted in the Central Council of ing there was a great deal or a The figures come at a time 

tobacco-sponsored sport, at a 
lime when Mr Richard 
Tracey. Minister for Sport, 
seems determined to restrict 
or stop the prominent display 
of cigarette brand names at 
televised sports events. 

A MORI opinion poll com- 
missioned by The Times 
shows that 33 per cent of the 
population would favour a 
ban now on tobacco firms 
sponsoring any sporting 
event, and a further 11 per- 
cent would back a ban on 
tobacco-sponsored sport on 

The total of 44 per cent 
favoured a han on televising 
lobacco-sponsored sport, 
compared with previous polls 
carried out between 1975 and 
1981, in which support for a 
ban on cigarette companies 
sponsoring any sporting event 
fluctuated between 24 and 
34 per cent. 

The previous polls, summa- 
rized in the Central Council of 
Physical Recreation’s 1983 
report on sports sponsorship, 
showed 34 per cent favouring 
a ban on cigarette sponsorship 
of sport, with 38 per cent 
against. However, 28 per cent 
of those polled in the study, 
commissioned by the Tobacco 
Advisory Council, said that 
they did not know or did not 
mind whether there was a ban. 

Figures from the MORI poll 
for The Times in April suggest 
opinions are hardening in 
both directions. Only 5 per- 
cent fell into the “don't 
know" category, with 52 per- 
cent believing tobacco firms 
should be allowed to continue 
sponsoring sporting events. 

The figures come after con- 

a oan on televised sports How roadl ^ yon 

children are influenced to 

which children 

A great deal 

A fair amount . 
Hardly at all „ 

Not at all 

Don't know — 

— 19 





mg there was a great deal or a The figures come at a time 
fair amount of influence, when the voluntary agreement 
Among this last group three- covering sports sponsorship is 
quarters favoured a ban on due for renewal, 
sports sponsorship of any This week the BBC refused 
event, and two-thirds fa- to use the brand names Raffles 
voured a ban on televising and Carrolls attached to hors- 

such events. 

Women were more likely to 

es sponsored by cigarette com- 
panies at the Everest Double 

think children were influenced Glazing Slakes at Hickstead. 
to smoke by tobacco A uar .h. 

sposnsorship of sporL 
Opposition to such sponsor- 

A BBC spokesman said that 
it believed the use of such 
brand names breached the 

cent believing tobacco firms 35 per cent favoured a ban on 
should be allowed to continue televising tobacco-sponsored 
sponsoring sporting events. sporL 

The figures come after con- . People aged 15-24 were less 
tinuing controversy over likely than the total sample to 
whether tobacco sponsorship favour a ban on tobacco 
of sport on television influ- sponsorship of sport events, 
ences smoking The poll interviewees were 

The Tobacco Advisory asked the following two ques- 

ship is not restricted to non- 

smokers.One in four smokers JJ™ ££? JSSi 1 

in the poll favoured a ban on 

u:_ u., should not be displayed on : 

competitors of their 
tobacco companies and equ ; p > ' m ' aL 

Women in 
tax plea 

By Amanda Haigh 
Parliamentary Staff 

Women are three- to one in 
favour of the Government’s 
prcoosals for a fully transfer- 
able personal tax allowance 
between spouses, according to 
initial results of a survey 
carried out by Miss Emma 
Nicholson, vice-chairman of 
the Conservative Party. 

The women prefer the pro- 
posal in the Government’s 
Green Paper, that either party 
to a marriage would have an 
allowance which he or she 
could transfer to the other ifhe 
or she did not have enough 
income to make full use of it, 
to a system where everybody 
has the same level of 

There is dissatisfaction with 
the present system where a 
husband has a tax-free allow- 
ance of one-and-a-half times 
the single person's allowance, 
couples where the wife has a 
paid job have two-and-a-half 
times the single allowance, but 
married women who do not 
have earned income have no 
sd Iowa nee of their own. 

Miss Nicholson, whose sur- 
vey will canvass more than 
50'000 opinions and be sub- 
mitted to the Treasury, said: 
"1 am extremely pleased be- 
cause I believe strongly that 
women should be treated im- 
partially by the tax system and 
nor penalized, as married 
women are by the present 

Mr Nigel Lawson. Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer, will 
address the Consent-alive 
Women’s annual conference 
next week on the Green Paper. 

Peace hope in 
Vickers strike 

Mass meetings aimed at 
settling the pay strike at 
Vickers shipyard in Barrow. 
Cumbria, are to be held over 
the weekend. 

Six thousand manual work- 
ers downed tools three weeks , 
ago in protest at an ! 1 per cent 
pay offer from the manage- 
ment consortium running the 
yard. Union leaders will rec- 
ommend accepting the offer 
with improved conditions. 

The poll interviewees were 
asked the following two ques- 

100,000 jobs if 
pub law changed’ 

By Teresa Poole 

Up to 100,000 jobs would lowed into public houses, and 
be created through the relax- 45 percent felt there would be 
a tion of public house licensing a decrease in drink problems if 
laws, according to a survey the licensing laws were re- 

published yesterday. 

It found overwhelming sup- 


More than 1,000 licensees 

port among licensees and and members of the public 
customers for the introduction were questioned in the survey, 
of more flexible opening which was conducted by 
hours. Christie & Co, the business 

Almost all the licensees who agents. But because they vol- 
responded to the question- unteered to take part they 
naire felt that an an extra one were not necessarily represen- 
or two staff would be needed if lative of the population as a 
pubb'c houses were allowed to whole, 
open at chosen tiroes within Among the licensees, 82 per 

certain maxim am opening cent wanted flexible hours, 64 
hours. Flexible opening would per cent felt this would not 
mean longer opening hours, lead to much change in the 
65 per cent of licensees overall profitability of their 
thought. premises, and 78 per cent were 

The survey found that 95 in favour of maximum opeo- 
per cent of customers were in ing hours of between 10am 
favour of more flexibility, and and midnight 
that 87 per cent felt that Earlier this month Mr 
publicans should be free to Douglas Hurd, Home Secre- 
choose their own opening tary. said that the Govern- 
times. ment was in favour of 

Half those questioned said reforming the licensing sys- 
that children should be al- tem. 

Man accused 
of Armagh 
killing freed 

One of the tire former 
Ulster Defence Regiment sol- 
diers accused of the murder of 
an Armagh man more than two 
years ago was freed on the 
direction of Lord Justice Kelly 
at Belfast Crown Court 

The judge said be accepted 
that Colin Worton, aged 34, of 
Neill's Avenue, LonghgiUy, 
MarkethilL had been induced 
by the Police to make a 
statement of admission about 
the murder of Mr Adrian 
Carroll, aged 24, who was shot 
dead near his Abbey Street 
home in Armagh in 3983. 

Conversations about his 
then girlfriend, now wife, 
brought about feelings of jeal- 

ousy in Mr Worton and detec- I jailed for six months after 

tires latched on to that 
vulnerability, the judge said. 

The trial of the remaining 
four who deny the murder, and 
that of a fifth UDR man who 
denies withholding informa- 
tion about the killing, is 

being found guilty of 

The offences would have 
remained hidden if Pickering 
had not tipped off the Daily 
Express after it published 
several articles about corrup- 
tion in the PSA. 

Scottish air services 


There is currently a propos- 1 
al to ban tobacco firms from 
sponsoring sporting events 
shown on TV. Do yon think 
the Government should: I 

Ban tobacco firms from 1 

event? 33 

Ban tobacco firms from 
sponsoring sporting events 
shown on TV? 1 1 

Allow tobacco firms to con- 
tinue sponsoring sporting 

events? .. 52 

Don't know/no opinion 5 

who beat 
two girls 



Omar Khalifa showing off the gold medal he received from Sport Aid for his marathon effort 

Tribute to Sport Aid torch-bearer 

The Sport Aid organization yesterday 
said farewell to Omar Khalifa, the 
Sudanese athlete whose epic run across 
three continents to the United Nations 
in New York set off last Sunday’s “Race 
Against Time”. 

Mr Khalifa flew in from New York 
yesterday and was leaving Britain for 
Sudan this afternoon. 

Sport Aid presented him with a gold 

medal in recognition of his feaL Bronze 
medals bearing the same design can be 
bought by the public for £5. 

Mr Khalifa said afterwards that he 
had enjoyed his ran. Asked if he felt 
tired, he said: *1 don't HiinL- about being 
tired. 1 think about doing good.” 

Sebastian Coe, the runner who helped 
to launch Sport Aid more than two 
months ago and who ran with Mr 

Khalifa in New York on Sunday, 
presented Sport Aid yesterday with a 
cheque for £15,000 from the C & A 
Charitable Trust to go towards relief 
and rehabilitation in .Africa. 

Mr Khalifa and Mr Coe posed 
together for pictures outside Sport Aid's 
London headquarters, the Sudanese 
holding the torch which he carried 
through 12 European capitals . 

MORI interviewed a repre- 
sentative quota sample of 
1,913 respondents aged 15- 
plus in face to face interviews 
in 17 f constituencies across 
Great Britain between April 18 
and 22 1986. 

Copyright MORI/The Times. 

Man in land 
leak jailed 

A former company manag- 
ing director who tipped off a 
national newspaper about cor- 
ruption in the Property Ser- 
vices Agency was jailed for 
nine months yesterday. 

Dennis Pickering, aged 46, 
of Derby Road, Kirkby in 
Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, 
admitted three charges of 
corruption at Lincoln Crown 

He showered gifts, includ- 
ing free all-expenses paid holi- 
days. on John Weller, a Civil 
Servant, who was the district 
works officer for the PSA at 
Scampion, near Lincoln. 

Weller, aged 58, of 
Faldingworth Road, Sprid- 
lington. near Lincoln, was 




Catherine Donovan, whose 
dream of joining the police 
force did not come true, mas- 
queraded as a police girt, 
Horseferry Road magistrates 
in Umdon were told yesterday. 

She mixed with off-duty 
officers at their regular haunt 
and managed to trick them out 
of a police warrant card and 
uniform, the court heard. 

The magistrate, Mr Charles 
Davidson, was told Miss Don- 
ovan had already been jailed 
twice for impersonating police, 
first for 21 days and then in 
December 1983, for six 
months. He placed her mi 
probation for two years. 

He read psychiatric reports 
and toM hen “The position is 
dearly that yoo live in a 
fantasy world and are in need 
of medical treatment.” 

Miss Juliet Oliver, for Miss 
Donovan, said: “These are 
ingrained habits that she is 
clearly struggling to get over.” 

Miss Donovan, aged 21, 
formerly of Coley Avenue, 
Reading, had admitted three 
counts of impersonating po- 
lice, and one of obtaining a 
police skirt, shirt and jumper 
by deception at the traffic 
wardens' centre is Kensington. 

It was not until five days 
after her masquerade at Ham- 
mersmith police station last 
November that she was arrest- 
ed by officers she subsequently 
met, who made a check which 
revealed she was a fake. 

Mss Sue Holden, for the 
prosecution, said Miss Dono- 
van had for a number of 
months visited paMk houses 
and dubs frequented by off- 
duty police officers, mixing 
with them to gain their 

She would introduce herself 
as a WPC from Notting Hifl, 
giving her name and 
‘‘number”, Miss Holden said, 
and on one occasion, in Octo- 
ber, she "‘borrowed” a warrant 
card from an officer and used it 
to pose as a police woman at a 
discotheque in Kensington. 

Miss Donovan had spent a 
week in custody on remand at 
Holloway prison after her 
arrest, but was rearrested 
while on bail in January for 
posing as a policewoman at a 
Woolworths store in Reading. 

The magistrate, who was 
told Miss Donovan bad prom- 
ised to take voluntary psychi- 
atric treatment, advised her: 
-If you are going to deal with 
this problem, you will have to 
motivate yourself.” 

After the bearing. Miss 
Donovan refused to say if she 
had ever applied to join the 
police, and was driven off by 
representatives of a Sunday 

A police spokesmansaid 
Miss Donovan's parents had 
not allowed her to join the 

Regions fight to keep Heathrow link 

By Ronald Faux 

A Chi! Aviation Authority 

recommendation that sched- 
uled dai ly flights from Inver- 
ness and Dundee to London 
should land at Gatwick rather 
than Heathrow Is being resist- 
ed by local authorities and 
businessmen hi the two 

Dan Air and Euroair, which 
operate the services, believe 
the flights would not be viable 
if they are diverted from 
Heathrow because many pas- 
sengers want to join interna- 
tjooal flights and would he 
unable to do so. 

Mr Graham Pasquill, direc 
tor of Euroair, said yesterday: 
-We are absolutely against 
this idea. We took over the 
service between Dundee and 
Heathrow via Carlisle six 
months ago and invested 
heavily in it with pressurized 

aircraft and wide publicity. 

“hi the nw regions of 
Tayside and Cumbria it has 
built up very healthily, but it 
does depend on providing an 
inter-line service which could 
not happen at Gatwick. It 
would be a blow to us and a 
worse blow for Cumbria and 

Mr PasqniU thought it im- 
possible to believe that two 
landings a day were going to 
make any difference to 
Heathrow's congestion, the 
reason why the British Air- 
ports Authority seeks to divert 
the flights. 

He believes that Edinburgh 

would suffer for less if some of cnanges- 

the flights by British Midland Mr John Young, chairman 

and British Airways between 
the Scottish capital and 
Heathrow were cdl “That will 
be much fairer than discon- 
necting two important regions 
from international flights.” 

tized BBC radio channels were 
warned by Mr Gerald Kauf- 
man, Labour spokesman on 
home affairs, that they would 
receive minimal compensa- 
tion if the channels were taken 
hack into public ownership by 
a fixture Labour government 

Any such scheme would be 
absolutely unacceptable to La- 
bour, Mr Kaufman said. 

“I want those interested in 
purchasing privatized Radios 
One and Two to steer clear of 
these assets if the Peacock 
inquiry recommends, and the 
Tory Government accepts, 
their sell-off” Mr Kaufman, 
who was speaking in Essex, 
said. “Otherwise they will 
burn their fingere badly. 
Should such a scheme be 
implemented, an incoming 
Labour government will take 
the earliest possible opportu- 
nity to return the channels to 
the BBC ” 

Mr Kaufman’s warning fells 

Labour warning Assault 

over BBC radio 

By George Hifl GrOPPCQ 

Possible buyers of priva- short of an outright threat of A police sergeant who 

^nationalization without claimed his inspector clipped 
compensation. Labour plans him across the head at Brixton 
to reserve until after the next police station, south London, i 
election its position on com- yesterday withdrew a private 
pensation. summons alleging a charge of ; 

One favoured formula assauli. 
would restore to investors the _ Mr Michael Levy, appear- 
same cash sum they put into ing for Sergeant Kevin Bishop, 1 
the concern, disregarding the aged 26. told Camberwell 
effects of inflation and the Green Magistrates' Court, 
current price of the shares. south-east London, that his 

Some reports suggest that client had decided not to 
the Peacock inquiry, due to proceed with the action, 
report later this month, may Mr Levy said: “After con- 
recommend die privatization ^deration, my client does not 
of the two radio channels. Mr w j s j, ^jiat the good name of the 
Kaufman claimed yesterday Metropolitan Police be in any 
that would breach the way tarnished.” 
inquiry s terms ot reference- 1. » Dhou>in r A - 

If the Government acted on 
such a recommendation, be 
said, “it would be outrageous 

to make such a fundamental ijf 

and contentious change in the would have 

structure of broadcasting in * 5een b Ql *y contested . 
the tail-end of a Parliament, Mr Keith Maidand-Davies. 
with a change of government the stipendiary magistrate, 
ever more likely”. dismissed the case. 

renationalizaiion without 
compensation. Labour plans 
to reserve until after the next 
election its position on com- 

One favoured formula 
would restore to investors the 
same cash sum they put into 
the concern, disregarding the 
effects of inflation and the 
current price of the shares. 

Some reports suggest that 
the Peacock inquiry, due to 
report later this month, may 
recommend the privatization 
of the two radio channels. Mr 
Kaufman claimed yesterday 
that would breach the 
inquiry's tenns of reference. 

If the Government acted on 
such a recommendation, be 
said, “it would be outrageous 
to make such a fundamental 
and contentious change in the 
structure of broadcasting in 
the tail-end of a Parliament, 

The parents who beat and | 

burned their two young d. But i 
daughters leaving them cov- es left 
ered in scars were convicted at ?P and 
the Central Criminal Court Bp after 
yesterday of cruelty and caus* ng by 
ing grievous bodily harm, ler fig- 
They were remanded in custo- sday. , 
dy for reports and will be which ^ 
sentenced later. th a 38 “ 

The judge, Mr Recorder; and a 
Robert Harman, has ordered »ue on 
that the girls, from Croydon, ler 45p 
south London, should not be dipped 
identified. They are now withumb at 
their younger brother in thfi d Reb- 
care of fosier parents and may n 3p. 
be released for adoption. l0p to 

Scars on the arras, legs and . il ^ 
body of the child aged 10 wero^xtijes, 
“one of the worst cases I have aoc j g 
never seen”. Dr Peier Green g p 
told the court. , New _ 

“I have never seen any child a ail j el 
so marked as this little gul^ce of it 
was. The most outstanding 
feature was the enorroouf 
number of scars. There were" 
an uncountable number,” ta, 
said. . \ , 49 S* 

It was impossible to say i * lra “' r, 
the girl, now aged ! I, would be “ 'P * 
scarred for life but the marks - nn £ at 
ranging from 1cm to 13cm: _ ,ti 

long, would remain for years, ind Oil 
They were consistent witl Coast 
the gjri being beaten hard will ir-7 per 
the buckle end of a belt, tin mother 
edge of a belt, a hairbrush ant 
being burned with hshtettete^^ =<» 
cigarettes. She also show&mHK 
signs of long-term neglect ant™^^ 
undernourish men L 
There were similar mark 
but not as many on the bod; 
of her sister aged eighL 23 m 

Mrs Patricia May, for th Jjs +g ^ 
prosecution, said that the girl 
were subjected to “an on 3-3 <" u 
slaught of uncontrollei 16 g 5 _^a 
beatings”. ss 

Their injuries came to Ugh 590 
when school teachers sa< 2 h ‘ : 
scars during a physical educs 
tion lesson. Social service 
and the police were alerted. - — 

But despite their injurie^^^ 
Croydon social services vret penning _ 
reluctant to take action or pi |j nlere « 
the girls into care. They ba.rofii was ~ 
opposed a successful polic was 78 1 __ 
application for the girls to t 
taken to a place of safety. VVEST- — 
Both parents, who are 
married sat impassively to 8 d 
the dock as their daughters s; s n £000 
in the well of the court an 16.740 — 
described the beatings. ends - _ 

“My dad's beatings wei9.Sl7), 
worse titan my mum’s,” tl>0> and — 
elder gjri said, (1,610), >»; 

tt-v • per ion e *-I 

Prison officer 5 ^ 
faces charge —M 

A prison officer at Staffoi W 

has been charged with smu f 

giing tobacco into the jail at 
will appear at Staffoi 
Magistrates’ Court on June 2 
John Taylor, aged 39, • 

Stafford was charged foUor 

ing an internal investigation 1 

the prison. 


With other high-interest 
cheque accounts it's not uncommon 
to find a minimum withdrawal 
which can be £200 or more. 

But with a Premium Account 
from The Royal Bank of Scotland 
there's no minimum withdrawal. 

You can write cheques for any 
amount you like, for whatever may 
crop up in the day-to-day business 
of fife. 

And now we’ve made it even 
better Because now we're offering 
the first ten withdtawalst per 
quarter free of service charges. 

Other attractions include all 
the payment facilities a normal 
current account has to offer (some- 
thing else you won’t find with most 
other high-interest cheque 
accounts). You can even have 
your salary paid in. 

All of which means you can 
have as much of your money as 
possible earning Money Market 
rates of interest 




The minimum sum requirec 
open a Premium Account is £2^) 
For more information and ; 
application form, send the 
completed coupon to The 
Royal Bank of Scotland pic, 
Premium Accounts. FREEPOS1 
Edinburgh EH2 ODG. 


Correct at time of going to press. 
Subject to variation, interest paid quartan 

Grata Rate Annual Roto Net Rat 

9 . 70 % 10 . 49 % 7 . 25*1 

-The Coma winded Annual Rote shown Is » 
Nat Rato annualised to take account of th . 
quarterly compounding of interest ood 
grossed up to show what the rate la 
octuaOy worth to a Basic Rato TaxpayecK 
the batance la below EZ500, than the 
m leiest paid drops to 2tt» below our Sevan 
Day Notice Daooait Account rate. 


Dan Air, which took over 
die Inverness to London ser- 
vice from British Airways a 
year ago, doubted that a 
service into Gatwick would be 
viable because passengers 
wanted a service into London. 
Both airlines said there had 
been resistance from the busi- 
ness community to the 

l ipitaw send me foil details And ja appJkxu jn form tor j Premium Account from The RovjI 6 -ir.k of Scotland. tki 

Najaefl'dr/Mw/ftlics) __ 

, . Address.-- 

- Pwcedc ........ 

of the Tayside Roads and 
Transport Committee, said the 
strongest representations 
would be trade to the Secre- 
tary of State for Transport to 
keep the link frith Heathrow. 

JB 6 

. . ' . ' . Andrew Squstu; HftI 2YB. ^312 

T Th !m’. i tv u L'iJuz ji 1 f - , i xuJiiy Jir.i! J. ’-it ur CalSht H ;li Jrjtl Mi) f. r .;uSt\! / 1 , ; J7a r j /.'.L"..'- j .\ ,-..4 { 1 

S l 







on land ‘better 
for consumers 
than farmers’ 

By John Young, Agriailtare Correspondent 

Consumers, rather thaw 
fanners, have been the mam 
long-term beneficiaries of ag- 
ricultural research and devel- 
opment* a report published 
yesterday ebim*. 

Substantial increases in pro- 
ductivity, achieved by new 
technology, have not brought 
lasting reward to the average 
fanner in recent years, the. 
report by the Centre for 
Agricnlmrri Strategy at Read- 
ing University says. 

Some formers, especially 
those who owned or inherited 
their forms before or soon 
after the Second World War, 
have prospered, sometimes 
becoming millionaires. But 
others have done worse than 
hired employees and many 
now have heavy debt burdens. 

The report says that in 
recent years public attention 
Jus been focused on the costs 
of supporting agriculture and 
disposing of surplus 

There is a common belief 
that formers are over-reward- 
ed for their efforts, but the 
indications are that incomes 
have been squeezed between 
higher input costs and lower 
market prices, it says. 

The most criticized changes 
in the appearance of the 
landscape have taken place in 
fairly restricted areas, the 
report says. 

“That our countryside at- 
tracts ever growing numbers 

of visitors is an indication of 
how much the present appear- 
ance of the landscape is still 
appreciated, and that appear- 
ance is greatly influenced by 
fanning," it says. "The under- 
lying topography of Areas of 
Outstanding Natural Beauty 
may be natural, but the cover 
is largely due to man.* 1 

The fact that certain groups 
can now indulge in the luxury 
of criticizing UK formi 
methods is an indication 
bow successful farm e r s have 
been in increasing food 

Overall more food can be 
produced than is needed to 
reed the population, and sup- 
ply can be considered well 
secured, apart from vulnera- 
bility to nudear attack. 

The report points to the 
importance of agriculture in 
the national economy, not 
least as an employer. 

Much has been made of the 
decline in the workforce, but 
although it represents only 
Z3 per cent nationally, the 
proportion of the population 
directly employed in agricul- 
ture rises to 92 per cent in 
Cornwall; 10.6 per cent in 
Lincolnshire; more than 
10 per cent in the Scottish 
borders and in Dumfries and 
Galloway; 15 per .cent in Dyf 
ed; 22.5 per cent in Powys; 
21.5 per cent in Co Tyrone 
and 31.5 per cent in Co 

Men fined £700 after 

stealing birds’ eggs 

Two men who raided the 
nests of protected birds in the 
north of Scotland were fined a 
total of £700 at Wick Sheriff 
Court yesterday and forfeited 
equipment worth £1,400. • 
Andrew Bamber, aged 20, of 
KLrkham Road, Freddeton, 
near Preston, Lancashire, and 
Anthony Parkes, aged 37, of 
High Grove, Sunbury MU, 
Torquay. Devon, were arrest- 
ed on the Betty hill to Thurso 
road. Highland Region, last 
weekend. Both admitted tak- 
ing eggs from the nests of 
green shanks and black- 
throaled divers 

The court was told that 
police found 104 eggs in 
Parkes’s car. 

Mr Alistair Geary, for tbe 
defence, said that neither man 
was involved in commercial 
dealing of eggs. 

Bamber was fined £490 and 
forfeited equipment worth 
£500. He was fined a further 
£10 after admitting stealing a 
telephone directory from a 

Parkes was fined £210 and 
forfeited the car used in the 
raids, which was said to be 
worth £900. 

Jobs key 

poll says 

More than right out of fen 
people believe unemployment 
is the most important problem 
facing the United Kingdom 

Many also blame tbe Gov- 
ernment as the main cause 
and would support more mea- 
sures to expand the economy, 
according to a poll conducted 
The poll was welcomed fry a 

figures in Wales who have 
signed a declaration, and have 
described the jobless figures as 

They include churchmen, 
academics, trade unionists 
and two leading former Civil 
Servants, Sir Bryan Hopkrn, 
former chief economic adviser 
to the Treasury, and Sir 

Goronwy Daniel, former per- 
manent secretary at the Welsk 


More than 1,000 voters 
were questioned in tbe survey 
fry the Cardiff-based Research 
and Marketing. The poll dis- 
closed that nearly a quarter 
bad been out of work at some 
time since 1979. Among men 
the figure was 38 per cent 
Eighty-four per cent be- 
lieved the Government 
should take effective measures 
to expand the economy and 
provide more opportunity for 

Other results showed . a 
strong belief that unemploy- 
ment was a cause for increas- 
ing crime and drug-taking 
among young people. 

At a press conference, the 
public figures who signed the 
declaration said that several 
Welsh Conservative MPs also 
supported their views, al- 
though replies were being kept 

Mr Nicholas Edwards, Sec- 
retary of State for Wales, has 
criticized the group, com- 
plaining that their open letter 
lacks positive proposals. 

• Labour has received an- 
other big opinion poll boost 
with more than half of all 
Welsh voters saying they 
would support the party if an 
election was held now. The 
Conservatives dropped to 
third place in the poll behind 
the Alliance. The figures were 
Labour 52 per cent. Alliance 
22 per cent. Conservative 18 
per cent and Plaid Cymru 7 

Tbe poll was carried out by 
Research and Marketingfor 
HTV’s current affairs pro- 
gramme, Wales this Week. 





to survive 

Mrs ftfaigu* Thatcher wW. Mis Yetaa Bonner, Dr Andie! aktarort irife, rfto tittjr meed* b Imta jertaday 

Thatcher pledge to Soviet dissident 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher met 
the wife of the dissident Soviet 
scientist Dr Andrei Sakharov, 
in London yesterday and re- 
fused to give in to Moscow’s 
“blackmail” over his release. 

Mrs Yelena Bonner is visit- 
ing Western leaders as part of 
her campaign to have her 
husband freed from internal 
exile in the Soviet Union. 

For half an hour yesterday 
morning Mrs Thatcher, whom 
the Kremlin once nicknamed 
“the Iron Lad/*, listened in- 
tently as Mrs Bonner ex- 

plained what life was like for 

Sakharov, ai 
has lived in enforced exile at 
Goiky for the past six years. 
As sire was leaving Downing 

Street Mrs Bonner told jour- 
nalists that she would not give 
in to Moscow’s “bfockmafi” 
over her husband's release. 

She was referring to the 
statement on Thursday by Mr 
Victor Louis, an influential 
Soviet journalist, that Dr 
Sakharov’s freedom was being 
put in jeopardy by her high- 

level mmpaigmng am nnrf the 


Mrs Thatcher added: “Mrs 
Bonner said it was Made-mail. 
We don't give in to 

Mrs Bonner held talks with 
PresideniFrancais Mitterrand 
of France earlier this week and 
is to meet Signor Bettino 
Craxi, the Italian prime minis- 

ter, over the weekend before 
returning to the Soviet Union 
Speaking m Russian, with 
her daughter, Tania, acting as 
interpreter, she said of Mr 
Louis' reported statement: 

“This seam to be ample 
blackmail — it seems to me 
they are trying to scare Ma- 
dame Prime Minister and 
other Western political leaders 
into not meeting with me.” 

The prime minister said 
that she had assured Mrs 
Bonner that “we will keep 
faith with Dr Sakharov. We 
always continue to press tire 
Soviet Union on a number of 
specially well-known cases, of tude 
which Dr Sakharov is one.” 

“I think you will find that 

the efforts we have made on 
behalf of others have helped to 
enable them to either leave tbe 
Soviet Union or perhaps to be 
a little bit freer within il” 
Asked how she felt about 
reluming to the Soviet Union 
Mrs Bonner replied: T have a 
very strange feeling about 
going back. 1 want to see my 
husband very much. Very 
little do I warn tor see tire 
Soviet Union as such, but I 
am ready to continue in 

Her meeting with Mss 
Thatcher had brought home to 
her the “very attentive” ant- 
in the West to the 

hw hudhanH 

Brighton bomb trial 

Irish woman denies concocting story 

By Stewart TemUer 

An Irish woman accused of 
taking part in an IRA conspir- 
acy to plant bombs at British 
resorts yesterday denied to a 
jury that she and another girl 
had made up a “cock and 
bull” story in their defence. 

Miss Efla O'Dwyer, aged 27, 
and four others, including Mr 
Patrick Magee, who has plead- 
ed not guilty to placing the 
Brighton bomb in 1984, have 
denied taking part in a con- 
spiracy to plant bombs be- 
tween January and Jane last 

Miss O'Dwyer told the Cen- 
tral Criminal Court yesterday 
that she went to Glasgow in 
April last year to help Irish 
prisoners on the run, and she 
subsequently went to Copen-. 
ha$en twice escorting men 
trying to escape. She used a 
false British passport in a 
fictitious name to make the 

Asked by Mr Ivor Richard 
QC, for the defence, if she had 
been part of a bomb plot she 
said: “There is no truth, in that 

Mr Roy Amlot, for the- 

prosecution, asked her in 
cross-examination if she and 
Miss Martina Anderson, an- 
other defendant, “put your 
heads together to bufid a cock 
and bull story”. Miss O’Dwyer 
said: “We have not done any 
cock .and bull story 

Miss O'Dwyer denied that 
she had been to the Rubens 
Hotel near Bu ckingham Pal. 
ace where Mr Magee is alleged 
to have stayed for tire mght 
last June and planted a bomb. 

Asked how her fing er p rint s 
got on to a number of docu- 

ments linked to the bomb plot 
and a matchbox containing 
some ammunition hrirt in a 
London flat. Miss O'Dwyer 
said that the prints could have 
been left before tire papers 
were written on. 

Mr Amlot said that her 
fingerprints had been left on 
toolboxes, a newspaper cot- 
ting, magazines, a map of 
Hereford, a reference to a time 
power unit, a bomb calendar 
and a diagram of the type of 
bomb at tire BLobens HoteL 

The trial, continues 




.... ■ ; •. ■ ■'} ••'-?. *.v* 

* •: -V 


Scarborough’s very own... 


the football, the politics, 
the low cunning and the 
foul behaviour 

%1 ' v- vv 



► In praise of litter 

fr Profile: Nicholas Ridley 

► The genius of Guinness 

► Arts: pricing out the fringe 

y Plus: homes, gardens and 

Sunday isn’t Sunday 

Sunday Times 


Police apology for 

calling man senile 

A banister made a “most 
fulsome apology” on behalf of 
the police yesterday to a 
retired Army captain who 
took umbrage when a young 
constable called him senile. 

John Skinner-Scott, aged 
65, holder of the Military 
Medal, was so outraged that 
be appealed against a careless 
driving conviction — simply 
to prove he was in rail - 
command of his faculties. 

Judge Anthony -Bulger, sit- * 
ting at Gloucester Crown' 
Court, 'shared Captain Skin- 
ner-Scott’s feelings. “It was 
quite wrong. A monstrous 
thing for an officer to say. 

“lire captain was quite right 
to bring his protest to us and I 
am gi™ that -this statement 
has now been absolutely 

Mr Paul Forrest, for the 
police, said that the comment 
was made “inadvisedly” try a 
young police- constable with- 
out any medical evidence 
“It was obviously quite 
wrong for this opinion to be 

expressed at the magistrates' 
court because it was not an 
expert one. I am instructed to 
offer the most fulsome 
apology” he added. 

Captain Skinner-Scott, of] 
Frithwood Park, Strond, 
Gloucestershire, told the judge 
that it was not the £80 fore or 
the order to take a driving test 
'that he objected to, but the 
fact that a policeman had said 
he had senile dementia. 

Mr Forrest said the captain 
had been involved in a colli- 
sion near his home and the 
comment about senile demen- 
tia had been made because the 
police were concerned about 
the captain's driving ability, 
after two eariier accidents, In 
one of tbe crashes tbe captain 
had been seriously injured. 

Miss June Rodgers, for 
Captain Skinner-Scott, said 
that he was content to drop the 
appeal after theapology, and 
added: “He has had a very 
distinguished military career 
and lakes great offence at what 

was said." 

Miners escape 
in attack 

on pit cage 

Forty-eight miners escaped 
unhurt when vandals threw a 
piece of machinery down a pit] 
shaft on to the cage bringing 
them to the surface. 

Children, some aged nine, 
were thought to have been 
responsible for throwing a 
1 51b conveyor roller down the 
shaft at Gol borne Colliery, 
near Leigh, Greater Manches- 
ter, on Thursday night. . 

A group of children were 
being chased from the colliery 
yard by staff when they picked 
up the piece of machinery. 

The cage was halfway up the 
shaft when the 19-inch long 
roller hitit, punching a hole in 
tbe root Bits of the machinery 
crashed on to a handrail. 

“It is pure luck the outcome 
was not much more serious,” 
Mr Barry Chadwick, the pit 
manager, said yesterday.. 

Boys burned 

in camping 
trip accident 

Two boys on a camping trip 
were badly burned yesterday 
when one of their fonr friends 
tried to retire a smouldering 
bonfire with paint stripper. 

Flames set the can alight 
and it exploded, hurling Glyn 
Munden, aged 14, down a 
bank with his clothes alight. 

Glyn and ■ Craig . Dednsan, 
also., aged 14, both suffered 
severe burns but walked al- 
most a mile with their friends 
to hospital in Stroud* 

The two . boys were then 
taken to tbe boras mb at 
Frendmy Hospital, near Bris- 
tol, where they were said later 
to be ‘‘satidactonr”. 

Glyn, oT Higpfieid Road, 
Stroud, bad burns down tbe 
inside of his left leg. Crate, of 
Horns Hoad, Stroud, suffered 
burns to bis hands and face. 

Court bans 
IT race 

Roger Marshall, five times 
British motor cyde champion 
and a member of the 
Rothmans * Honda works 
Bam preparing for the Isle of 
Man TT meeting, was yester- 
day banned from driving. 

Maxshafl, aged 36, from 
Wragby, Lincolnshire, admit- 

ted speeding and was fined 
£82.50 and 

and disqualified from 
driving for a month by a court 
in Do uglas, Isle of Man. 

Later, race officials were 
trying to establish whether he 
could still compete in foe TT 
races, which are staged on the 
island's public roads. 

Marshal] is due to race in 
the opening event, foe World 
Championship Formula One 
TF-fois afternoon. A spokes- 
man for the organizers said: 
“In. England, Marshall would 
be allowed to race even after 
ing banned, but Manx law 
may be diflferem.” 

Police radar equipment re- 

corded Marshall’s motor cycle 
at 85 mph as he travelled 
through the village of Sulby, 

which has a 30 mph limit 
Marshall told foe court “It 
wasa complete hutic of concen- 
tration on my part. I realise 
that I, of all people, should set 
an example to others.” 

Sidecar passenger 
killed in crash 

A sidecar passenger was 
killed during a crash on foe 
motor cycle TT course yest- 
erday. . 

aged 38, from 
5“^®-Trent, was in a 
750cc Ya m aha combination 
dnven by Dennis Holmes, 
a^ofStok&on-Trent, which 
crashed after descending Brav 
Hife one of foe fistestsrctioiis 
of the circuit. - 

A county-wide effort nt 
under way yesfafosy to find 
new homes for hundreds of 
homeless dormice. 

About 200 speczaHy-cnde 
nesting boxes have been pot 
up at suitable sites in woods 
around Axbikte Souwfeet 
as part of as eiperiment to 
bdp to protect tfaeeadugged 

The project is being funded 
by Heinz and die Wotid- 
Wikttife Fund as fears grow 
foal foe common dormouse 
couM vanish altogether. . 

Dr Pat Morris, a zoologist, 
said: “Dormice are stactiy , 
nocturnal, so it is not easy to 
study them.” Ho hoped foe 
dormice could be persuaded 
to use the nesting boxes for - 
daytime shelter, much would 
protect them from predators 
and encourage them to breed. 

Repairs to 
Orkney link 

Work on reconstruction of 
one of foe four barriers of foe 
Churchill Causeway in Ork- 
ney will begin on Monday and 
will last five months. The 
barriers provide a road fink 
between four islands ami the 
Orkney mainland. 

The causeway seals the 

eastern approach to Scant 
‘ “ bi foe 

How and was built at 

instigation of Sir Winston 
OmrchiH during foe Second 
World War, after a U-boat 
pierced the defences asd sunk 
tbe battleship Royal Oak. 

Tory MP to 
stand down 

Mr John Watson, Conser- 
vative MP for Sopum and 
Ripoa, is not standing at foe 
next general election. He had a 
majority of 15,046 at tile last 

He said that standards of 
behaviour in Parliament bad 
fallen since be was elected in 
2979. “Historically the diam- 
ber .was enriched by genuine 
wit and debat i n g stofl- Today 
such niceties are afl too often 
submerged beneath raucous 

are divorced V 

Tbe 17-year marriage of the 
Marquess and Marchioness of 1 
Queensberry was ended by a 
judge yesterday on the ground 
of foeMarchioness's adultery 
with Mr Nicholas Yeatman- 

Briggs, * fanner tifStocktoh, 

The Marquess, aged 56, was 
granted a special procedure 
decree in the London Divorce 
Court His wife, Alexandra, - 
aged 41, did not contest the 

Jubilee cruise 
for Canberra 

The 45,000-ton anise liner. 
Canberra sailed from South- 
ampton last night on a cele- 
bration cruise to the Med- 
iterranean to mark her 25 
years in service. 

The liner, which served in 
the Falklands campaign, is 
carrying 1,650 passengers, 
ring a minimum £5? a day. 
ter maiden voyage to . 
Australia in 1962 fares started' 
at £5 a day. 

Dial phones to 
be phased out 

British Telecom is phasing 
in a new push-button, stan- 
dard-issue telephone called 
Tribune, which it expects to 
become foe biggest selling 
telephone of all time. 

A Gallup survey had indi- 
cated that the dial phone, 
which had been in use for 
nearly 100 years, was unlikely ' 
to be missed, Telecom said. 

Record set for 
non-stop talk 

Holmes was badly shaken 
but not seriously injured. Jer- 
vis was foe 138th competitinr 
to die on foe course. 

TT preview, page 38 

More sponsors for Scottish arts 

By Ronald Faux 

Business sponsorship of foe 
arts in Scotland rose by 30 per 
cent last year with more than 
200 companies contributing 
£1.7 million towards artistic 
endeavour north of the border. 

A survey published yester- 
day by the Scottish Arts 
Comril showed that sponsor- 
ship from ofi empirics , in- 
creased front £179,000 to 
£323*000. DistiUets ind brew- 
era .increased their contribu- 
tion from £47,000 to £124,000. 

Mr Timothy Mason, direc- 
tor of foe council, said foe 
survey was based on organiza- 
tions receiving subsidy from 
SAC If the Coll range of arts 
organizations in Scotland was 
Incfaded the total wonld be 
conskbrably higher. . 

Part of the success is due to 
theBusmess Sponsorship In- 
centive Scheme under which, 
computes; making sponsor- 
ship for foe first tone were 
matched 1 pound far pound by 

focGX vermnent. The fact that 
arts sponsorship was tax 
deductable also helped. 


^««Wroxnnately £40 mfr. 

£1 J7 million ftnsss 
business, wetomu 


■ - p -. * :*•*"«'■*** rae need for 

““d to the arts 

roeat sources”, teaSif^ 

A record-breaking Oxford 
Union debate was wound up 
last right after 193 hours and 
49 minutes of non-stop t»lk_ 

_It broke by 40 hours, 29 
minutes, the previous world 
record, held oy the Literary 
and Debating Society of foe 
University of Galway, in the 
Republic of Ireland, - and 
raised £2,000 for Live Aid. 

Sex case vicar 

The Rev Jan Kuos, aged 53, 

ofThe Vicarage. Orchard Park • 
Road, Hull, Humberside, wher . 
is accused of 28 _sex. offences - 
against children, was remand- 
ed in custody for a further 11 : 

days when be appeared before - 
magistrates at Hull yesterday. 

£80m ‘airlift’ 

A 20,000 sq ft carsD-faaA- 
ajiag operation was openetiat 
Heathrow Airport by British 
Caledonian yesterday, ex- , 
panding its cargo capacity by 
w per cent, and foe company 
announced that caigo revenne • 
would increase tins- year to 
more than £80 million. ' ' 



A L r . 

• V. 

0 ‘ 

» i— 


, f 

' _ 

Salt tie 

rce hit 

• 24-hour 

® strike 

■s - 


yS*. p 


: > 



- 'a. - 


< . ■ 

“if- - 
Sr.J| s a',' J* r 

tyice U;,. 

■ i‘A 

M6 blues 

T r r.-- — jj, l*p. 

Cars on the M6 motorway ■ 
near Birmingham turned bite .* 
yesterday after driving;: 

fofougha 150-yardfoMsptosft 
of dye which was spfitedw&t*' 
a plastic container feS 
tony and burst. 

v: •• 

• v 




— 23 


j r\ 


: t 

•5 * 

The Salt 2 controversy 

Nato ministers press 
Washington not to 
abandon arms treaty 









The United States has come 
under heavy pressure at the 
Nato foreign ministers' meet- 
ing in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 
not to break the Salt 2 arms 
control agreement with the 
Soviet Union. 

Britain, Canada and West 
Germany expressed concern 
over a recent warning by Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the US 
Secretary of. Defence, that 
Washington would begin 
breaching the limits imposed 
by Sait 2 later zhisyear in view 
of continued Soviet vio- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, dearly ex- 
pressed Britain's reservations 
at the opening of the dosed 
two-day meeting on Thurs- 
day. He said Britain would 
regret it greatly if the provi- 
sional US decision to exceed 
the Salt 2 limits had to be 
implemented. The same view 
was expressed this week — the 
day after Mr Weinberger is- 
sued his warning — ina British 

From John Best, Ottawa 

statement issued in London 
and Washington. 

The Foreign Secretary was 
understood to have put across 
the same position in talks with 
Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, on board 
the aircraft which carried the 
two from Washington to Hali- 

Sir Geoffrey welcomed the 
US decision to remain within 
the limits of Salt 2 for the time 
bang by retiring two old Po- 
seidon missile-tiring submar- 
ines when a new Trident-class 
Submarine enters service in 
the near future. He also drew 
the attention of the Russians 
to the need for strict compli- 
ance with Salt 2. 

Mr Joe Clar k, the Canadian 
External Affairs Minister, 
took a similar line, emphasiz- 
ing the “fundamental import- 
ance" of full compliance with 
arms control agreements and 
expressing regret that the So- 
viet record bad raised so many 
questions that the US no long- 
er felt bound by Salt 2. 

He said: “That is a pro- 
foundly disturbing develop- 
ment, and one we hoped could 
have been avoided." He ex- 
pressed the hope that the 
Soviet record mil improve 
and that the US warning about 
a breakout “is not the final 
word on the issue". 

Mr Brian Muironey, the 
Canadian Prime Minister, 
who was in Halifax to greet the 
alliance foreign ministers, 
said: “We hope the Salt 2 

treaty can be maintained 

notwithstanding repeated vio- 
lations by the Soviet Union." 

Herr Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher, the West German 
foreign minister, also regis- 
tered his government's mis- 
givings over the US position. 
• HALIFAX: The final state- 
ment, issued by the foreign 
ministers yesterday made no 
mention of the widespread 
opposition to the US Salt 2 
plan (AP reports). 

It voiced support for US 
efforts to reduce the 
superpowers' nuclear arsenals. 

Lange says Anzus pact still viable 

■and to 

Mr David Lange, the Prime 
Minister of New Zealand, yes- 
terday affirmed that New 
Zealand's non nuclear policy 
did not spell the end of the 
Adzes pact, despite deep dif- 
ferences with the United 

Speaking at the EEC Com- 
mission, Mr Lange said New 
Zealand was inextri cably tied 
to western values and the 
western alliance, and was giv- 
en to western democratic Im- 
pulses. “We have not slipped 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

off somewhere between Alba- 
nia and Nicaragua," Mr 

le emphasized that Anzus 
was not a unclear affiance, and 
previous New Zealand govern- 
ments had acknowledged this. 
He said New Zealand had 
always been active in the 
defence of the Pacific area. 

Mr Lange, who had arrived 
from West Germany, is on a 
tom- of West Europe. He held 
talks with senior European 
officials yesterday, which fo- 

cussed on agricultural trade 
New Zealand is embarking 
on difficult talks with the 
Community over butter ex- 
ports to the EEC which are 
expected to reach nearly 
80,000 tons this year. Mr 
Lange suggested that the two 
sides might co-operate in re- 
ducing the EEC butter moan- 
tain by using New Zealand's 
fatalities for tenting excess 
hotter into concentrated but- 
ter, or ghee, for export to Asia 
and the Third World. 

US invites 

From Michael Binyon 

Mr Caspar Weznbereer, the 
Defence Secretary, has formal- 
ly invited his Soviet counter- 
part to visit the United States 
this year to discuss “the wide 
gulf on issues related to each 
other’s military forces, doc- 
trine and intentions". 

Marshal Sergei Sokolov has 
not yet responded to the 
invitation, issued earlier this 
month. A visit would be the 
first here by a Soviet defence 
minister. It if proved con- 
structive, the Pentagon said, 
Mr Weinberger planned to 
follow it up with meetings of 
US and Soviet generals and 

Mr Weinberger has k 
been attacked by Moscow as 
an anti-Soviet hardliner. 
Asked why he chose to issue 
the invitation at a time when 
he was urging the abandon- 
ment of the Salt 2 arms treaty, 
the Pentagon spokesman said 
that last year’s Geneva sum- 
mit had demonstrated the 
need for a direct airing of 
views where there were 

A more idling reason per- 
haps is the condition that 
Congress enacted in this year’s 
defence budget, requiring the 
Defence Secretary to submit a 
plan for the exchange of high- 
ranking civilian and military 
officials from the Pentagon 
and the Soviet Defence 

• Monitoring agreement The 
Soviet Union is now prepared 
to allow non-government US 
scientists to monitor some of 
its underground explosions, if 
Russians are allowed to moni- 
tor underground tests in the 
United States (Mohsin Air 

Washington View 

Salt decision brings feuds to a head 

! : ;!wv *•» 

Arms control has always 
been the most contentious 
issue in the Reagan Adminis- 
tration. The bitter personal 
feuds and public fights be- 
tween hawks and doves, ideo- 
logues and jnagmatists, have 
led to a series of zigzags in 
policy, confusing opponents 
and Nato allies alike. _ 

President Reagan’s renunci- 
ation this week of ihe^Salt 2 
arms control treaty / has 
brought the arguments to a 

Previous dashes — over the 
running of the Anns Control 
and Disarmament Agency, the 
“zero option”, the medium- 
range missile negotiations, 
and most recently the anti- 
ballistic missile treaty — have 
always been papered over, Mr 
Reagan has kepi the waning 
factions apart with compro- 
mises and ambiguities. 

But now the moment of 
truth appears to have come. 
The President has finally tak- 
en the long-threatened step of 
breaking free from a treaty 
that he contends is “fatally 
flawed" but which he contin- 
ued to observe. 

The Salt structure, he de- 
clared, has been demolished 
by Soviet violations and 

should be replaced with some- 
thing sounder, yet to be nego- 
tiated. In future, US strategic 
forces would be limited not by 
standards laid down in the 
Salt treaties, but by the nature 
and size of the Soviet threat 

Arms control advocates be- 
lieve be has crossed the Rubi- 
con. They see a victory for the 
hardliners, especially for Mr 
Richard Perie, the influential 

By Michael Binyon 

Assistant Defence Secretary, 
who they say never really 
believed m arms control and 
consistently endeavoured to 
sabotage agreement They say 
Mr Reagan has set Moscow 
ronditions impossible to fulfil. 

The Russians now have less 
incentive to negotiate in good 
forth, as he has just torn up 
two important arms agree- 
ments niuefi it look 20 years 
and four Presidents to reach. 

But has he? An irrevocable 
step is not Mr Reagan's style. 
His announcement typically, 
left him escape clauses. He has 
“retired" two Poseidon sub- 
marines — officially on 
grounds of age and economy, 
not because of a missile count 

Bnt technically the US there- 
fore still remains within the 
Salt 2 limits, and the Russians 
still have “some months" to 
correct their violations. 

Urging Moscow to negotiate 
seriously, be said what the US 
does next depends on Soviet 
behaviour. Raring more sub- 
marines is dearly still an 
option. It is brinkmanship, at 
home and abroad. . 

The arms control doves 
won the last round, the row 
over the proposed reinterpre- 
tation of the ABM treaty. 
Since then the Republican 
right has been yapping at Mr 
Reagan's heels, with accusa- 
tions of passivity in the face of 
what are claimed as ever more 
blatant Soviet violations. So 
he. has included plenty of 
bellicose words in his latest 
statement to quieten them. 

The promise not to deploy 
more strategic nuclear deliv- 
ery vehicles, or strategic ballis- 
tic warheads, than Moscow 
leaves room for continued 
expansion of the cruise missile 
and bomber arsenal. The 
“retired” submarines will 
eventually be dismantled, but 
plenty of time could elapse 

But will the Russians see it 

as just a sop to the right, or as 
proof that tile Administration, 
restless with parity, is deter- 
mined now to go for nudear 
superiority? Mr Robert Mc- 
Namara guarantees, from his 
experience as a former De- 
fence Secretary, that Moscow 
wiB lake the latter view. 

Veteran negotiators say 
that, coming after the attempt 
to throw off ABM restraints, it 
will be taken as a signal that 
Washington will pursue its 
military bnild-np, including 
the Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive, regardless of existing 

For that is how jnbilant 
arms control opponents view 
it here. 

Mr Reagan evidently hopes 
his carefully worded fudge will 
yet rein in his fissiparous 
Administration, at least while 
there are still hopes for a 
summit with Mr Gorbachov 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of Slate, may be per- 
suaded that it is the final 
ultimatum. Mr Caspar Wein- 
berger, the Secretary of De- 
fence, has already spoken of 
breaking the treaty limits in 
August. But the fight between 
them continues. 

France hit 
by 24-hour 
rail strike 

Fans (Renter) — Striking 
workers brought severe dis- 
nrptiofi to France’s railways 
yesterday in a 24-hour protest 
against the new Government’s 
wage freeze and proposals to 
cot 8,000 jobs and change 
working conditions. 

A spokeswoman for the 
state railway company, SNCF, 
said that only one in four main 
line trains was running 

The strike, the most disrup- 
tive national stoppage in 
France since the right-wing 
Government of M Jacques 
Chirac came to power in the 
March 16 election, fallowed 
the introduction ofa new 
roster contested by drivers. 

Union spokesmen said that 
they were also protesting 
against the Government pay 
freeze and SNCF plans, an- 
nounced In April, to shed 
8,000 jobs this year. • • 
The strike was called by the 
Communi st-le d CGT, the pro- 
socialist; CFDT and an inde- 
pendent union. Between them 
they membership of 98 
per cent rtf' train drivers. 

Police killings 
in Kaduna 
rioting denied 

Lagos (Reuter) — The Nige- 
rian Information Minister, 
Colonel Anthony Ukpo, said 
yesterday that one man was 
lynched by a mob during a 
violent student protest in the 
northern city of Kaduna on 
Thursday. He denied press 
reports that two had died 
when police opened fir& . 

Colonel Ukpo told foreign 
reporters that police did not 
use live ammunition in the 
rfa«h and that tire-dead man 
was attacked when he was 
caught looting* . 

Gonzalez seeks middle 
of the road support 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 
Senor Felipe Gonz&ez, the erendum on Spain staying m 

Spanish Prime Minister, will 
plunge today into campaign- 
ing across the country for the 
June 22 general election, con- 
centrating his efforts on con- 
quering the middle-of-the- 
road voters. 

Senor Gonzalez has proved 
in office to be a pragmatic- 
minded social democrat. But 
his Socialist Workers’ Party, if 
it is to win power for another 
four years, needs to concen- 
trate above all on retaining the 
three million votes which 
Senor Gonzalez said after the 

1982 general election had only 
been “lent" to his party. The 
Socialists won 10 million 
■votes in 1982. 

They will be doing then- 
utmost to retain an absolute 
majority, and the centre and 
right-wing forces will be strug- 
gling to prevent them. In the 
outgoing Parliament the So- 
cialists had 202 of the 350 
seats. Spam’s electoral system, 
heavily favouring the big par- 
ties, might still give Senor 
Gonz&Iez enough seals even 
on a lower vote. 

The 44-year-old lawyer 
from Seville will be more than 
ever the star performer after 
triumphing in the March ref- 


Sefior Gonzalez: Camp 
appearances to be ” 

Nato. But the voters may 
remember that be pleaded 
with' them them if they had 
doubts, to “punish me, please, 
at the general election and not 
over Nato". 

The Socialists wfll empha- 
size how they have provided 
efficient government, consoli- 
dated democracy, taken Spain 
into the Common Market, 
pursued realistic economic 
policies and been firm with 

Senor Gonzalez's campaign 
appearances will be essentially 
limited to the weekends bo- 
cause, he says, he must con- 
centrate on the business of 
governing the country during 
the week. 

The state-controlled televi- 
sion roll be the Socialists' 
chief means of campaigning, 
but Senor Gonzalez also plans 
to post a “personal” letter to 
18 million electors. 

The conquest of the centre 
ground pits the Socialists 
against Sefior Adolfo Suarez, 
the former Prime Minister, 
who led Spam's transition to 
democracy, and is now at- 
tempting a comeback with his 
tiny Democratic and Social 
Centre Party. 

But Sefior Suarez is also 
disputing this ground with a 
newcomer, the Reformist Par- 
ty of Senor' Miquel Roca, the 
Catalan leader. Senor Manuel 
Frags, the Opposition leader, 
is inevitably pushed further to 
tbe right by sD this manoeu- 
vring, which spirts the non- 

' What happens on the 
Socialists' left frank is vital to 
the outcome. The Socialists 
admit tfoft abstentions by 
disappointed working class 
voters worry them, and the 
Communists have put togeth- 
er a “United Left” front in a 
bid to exploit this. 




Helsinki (Reuter) — A Sovi- 
et cellist was reported yester- 
day to have defected to 
Sweden and asked for political 
asylum there, just before fin- 
ishing a three-year assignment 
at a Finnish academy of 

Tbe daily Uusi Suomi said 
Aleksei Chaletsev disappeared 
last week and it quoted ' tbe 
principal of the academy as 
saying that he assumed Mr 
Chaletsev had gone “to the 
West". Mr Chaietsev’s wife, 
however, returned to Moscow. 

• TOKYO: Vyacheslav 

Polozov, a Soviet singer aged 
36, is seeking political asylum 
in the United States after 
winning an international song 
contest in Tokyo, a Japanese 
Foreign Ministry official said 
yesterday (Reuter reports). 

The Pope signing his encyclical “Domianm et VmficantenT in his private study in the 
Vatican yesterday, watched by Archbishop Martinez Somalo of Spain 

Pope sees hope as 
well as danger 

From Our Correspondent, Rome 

In his latest encyclical, the 
Pope yesterday castigated 
“the signs and symbols of 
death* 1 in contemporary civili- 
zation and spoke of the danger 
of nuclear self-destruction. 

He also condemned the 
arms race and international 
terrorism. He deplored 
“death-dealing poverty” and 
famine affecting vast areas of 
the Earth, the lairing of life 
through abortion and euthana- 
sia, and the new wars that had 
broken out. 

But, despite this picture of 
death, despite the dark shades 
of materialistic ririfization, 
the Christian had the certainty 
of the Holy Spirit, tbe Pope 

The encyclical, published 
yesterday, invoked the spirit of 
the Holy Ghost to ensure 
peace for a trouble-tom world, 
as the Roman Catholic Church 
prepared to enter 
Christianity's third 


Entitled ZtomiffHm et 
Vmficaatem, it is devoted to 
the Holy Ghost and completes 
the trilogy be has written on 
the nature of God, following 
Redemptor Hominis on the 
Son and Dives iu Misericordia 
on the Father. 

Tbe Church, be wrote at the 
end of tbe 138-page work, 
implored from the Holy Spirit 
tiie joy which was the fruit of 

“Peace, too, is the fririt of 
love; that interior peace, which 
weary man seeks in his inmost 
being; that peace be sought by 
humanity, human family, peo- 
ples, nations, continents, anx- 
iously hoping to obtain it in the 
prospect of a transition to the 
third Christian nuflennimiL” 

“The Church's mind and 
heart turn to the Holy Spirit as 
this twentieth century draws to 
a dose” he wrote. The third 
millenni um would be the occa- 
sion for a great jnbilee with 
which the Church would cele- 
brate tbe event 

The Vatican said the idea of 
the encyclical, much of which 
is of purely religions content, 
came to the Pope in 1982. He 
made a rough draft in 1983, 
and began to write it out in 
Polish in the second half of 

A Vatican spokesman de- 
scribed it as a message iff hope 
from the pastor of the Univer- 
sal Church at a moment in the 
history of the world when, 
despite the progress of science 
and technology, mankind was 

Norway faces tax rises 
after spending spree 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 
Norwegian consumers last its 990,000 barrels a day. 

year indulged iu their wildest 
spending spree since tbe end 
of the Second World War, Mr 
Gunnar Beige, the Finance 
Minister, said yesterday . 

Announcing a 3.5 billion 
kroner (£300 million) increase 
in taxation for this year, he 
told the Stoning (Parliament) 
ihai Norway’s new Labour 
Government faced big foreign 
trade deficits after several 
years of surpluses which had 
been made possible by high oil 

Although prices have recov- 
ered recently, they are only 
about SO per cent of last year’s 
high of $30 (£20) a barrel. 

Norway is Europe's biggest 
producer after Britain but. 
unlike Britain, exports most of 

Mr Beige said yesterday 
that it would take at least two 
years to bring the economy 
under control. 

Private consumption in 
1985 had increased by more 
than 8 per cent, compared 
with forecasts of 2.5 per cent 
The new Budget would 
increase taxes, especially on 
higher incomes, and would cut 
the lending limit for commer- 
cial banks by almost a fifth. Of 
750 million kroner cut from 
state spending, a tenth would 
come out of defence. 

Mrs Gro Harlem Brand t- 
land, the new Prime Minister, 
is- to visit Venezuela, an Opec 
member, for talks on oil prices 
next week on her way home 
from Canada. 

EEC sets 
limits on 

From Richard Owen 

EEC member governments 
have reached last-minute 
agreement on a system for 
monitoring radiation levels in 
all fresh food imports into the 
Community to replace the 
EEC ban on food from Eastern 
Europe, which expires today. 

The new system, which will 
run until September, replaces 
the ban, which arouses Soviet 
bloc anger, with surveillance 
of foodstuffs from all non- 
EEC countries. 

Agreement was reached by 
EEC diplomats representing 
the Twelve after a series of 
wrangles over what constitut- 
ed an acceptable level of 

Greece and France prevent- 
ed the proposal from going to 
Thursday’s meeting of EEC 
health ministers when they 
objected that the proposed 
levels were too stria and 
would alarm public opinion at 
a time when risks of contami- 
nation from Chernobyl were 

Greece also demanded EEC 
compensation for European 
farmers who suffered losses 
because of earlier EEC anti- 
radiation measures. 

These objections have now 
been dropped, and the new 
system is to be based on levels 
in force in the US. However, 
lower levels will apply to trade 
within the Community, on the 
assumption that the new mon- 
itoring system will automati- 
cally exclude from the EEC 
area products harmful to pub- 
lic health. 

Spain to 

Alicante (Reuter) — Mr 
John Robert Fleming, a Briton 
wanted for questioning about 
the record £26 million gold 
bullion robbery at Heathrow, 
will be expelled from Spain 
within a week, court officials 
here said yesterday. 

A judge rejected Mr 
Fleming's appeal against his 
expulsion. He will be given 48 
hours to leave the country 
after the civil governor of 
Alicante signs the expulsion 
order next week, officials said. 

The Spanish Interior Minis- 
try ordered his expulsion in 
January under a tough new 
aliens' law on the grounds that 
he was in possession of a false 

Wine scandal 
brothers jailed 

Krems, Austria (Reuter) — 
Two brothers were jailed for 
10 years each for their part in a 
wine-docioring scandal which 
rocked the Austrian wine in- 
dustry last year. A judge here 
found Richard Grill, aged 54, 
and his brother Josef aged 57, 
guilty of gross commercial 

A chemist who worked for 
them. Ono Nadrasky, was 
given a five-year term, and 
their cellar overseer. Franz 
Authrith, a two-year suspend- 
ed sentence. They had been 
charged with having laced six 
million litres of wine with 

Retrial ordered 
after 26 years 

Shizuoka, Japan (Reuter) - 
The Tokyo High Court or- 
dered a retrial for a 57-year- 
old man who has spent 26 
years on death row. The 
records of Masao Akabori’s 
confession that he raped and 
murdered a six-year-old girl in 
1954 could not be trusted. 

The death sentence passed 
on him in I960 was suspend- 
ed. He has repeatedly main- 
tained his innocence, saying 
he gave a false confession after 
being tortured by police. 

Diamond theft 

New York (AP) — A Belgian 
diamond dealer was robbed of 
diamonds worth more than 
$200,000 (£130.000) as he was 
entering his room at a mid- 
Manhattan hotel. 

Ozal wife sues 

Ankara (Reuter) — The wife 
of Mr Turgut OzaL the Turk- 
ish Prime Minister, filed a 
libel suit against the mass- 
circulation newspaper Sabah 
over an allegation that she 
tried to fix the result of a First 
Division football match. 

Spy sentence 

Amsterdam (Reuter) — El- 
len Tunnissen, a member ofa 
Dutch communist fringe par- 
ty, was jailed for two years for 
having made copies of secret 
papers about Nato tank ar- 
mour and trying to pass them 
to East Germany. 

Biters bit 

Rome (Reuter) — Legal 
eviction officers here have 
been forced to vacate their 
own premises by an invasion 
of fleas. 

Warning on oil prices 

Ottawa — World oil prices 
should be stabilized higher 
than at present, according to a 
World Commission on Envi- 
ronment and Development 
panel (John Best writes). 

Unless negotiations on an 
orderly price rise began imme- 
diately, the world community 
would lose the benefits of 
increased energy efficiency 

from the high oil prices of the 
1970s, says the 22-member 
panel, headed by Senor 
Enrique Iglesias, the Uruguay- 
an Foreign Minister. 

A summary ofits report was 
released here during a tour of 
Canada by the commission. It 
is to make its recommenda- 
tions next year to the United 
Nations General Assembly. 

Hotel bombs in Spain 

ETA aim is a Basque state 

The military wing of ETA 
(Basque Homeland and Liber- 
ty) is behind the anti-tourist 
campaign in Spain, which is 
part of its efforts to destabilize 
the country. 

Tbe military wing is now 
the principal active element of 
ETA. In the past eight years 
splinter groups, defections, 
French co-operation in elimi- 
nating a “sanctuary** for 
Basque terrorists on the 
French side of the border, and 
a Spanish Government-spon- 
sored programme of pardons 
have reduced ETA's numeri- 
cal strength and greatly under- 
mined its support among 
many Basque people: 

ETA's aim is to'win inde- 
pendence for Spain’s Basque 

From Harry Debelios, Madrid 

region, and eventually to en- 
large the resulting Basque 
state by taking in the Basque 
departments in south-western 

The organization first ap- 
peared in the 1960s, as a 
splinter group of the Basque 
Nationalist Party's youth 

It engaged in violent resis- 
tance to Genera] Franco's 
forces and quickly acquired a 
Marxist philosphy. 

While ETA is outlawed, a 
Basque coalition. Herri Bata- 
suna (People's Unity) openly 
defends ETA's actions and 
promotes its political aims. 

Herri Batasuna -and ETA 
insist on a minimum pro- 
gramme of self-determination 

for the Basque country, 
known as the “K as alter- 
native". This programme in- 
cludes such demands as the 
immediate withdrawal from 
the Basque area of all army 
and police forces controlled by 
the Madrid Government. 

Herri Batasuna technically 
has parliamentary representa- 
tion in Madrid, but its two 
deputies never occupied their 

The senior leader of ETA, 
according to the Spanish Inte- 
rior Ministry, is Senor Do- 
mingo Iturbe Abasolo, alias 
Txomin, who is serving a 
three-month prison sentence 
in southern France for having 
violated restrictions on his 
place of residence as a refugee. 



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S*-” - 

East and West 
: reach messy 
compromise in | 

• passport row 

- From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

* A messy compromise is start to show their passports, 
lemeipng as the outcome of after a fashion. They, and the 
the Berlin passport affair. three Western occupiers, will 
. The embassies in East Ber- argue that, as far as they are 1 
jin of the three Western concerned, this will simply be 

powers with occupation sec- 
tors in the west of the city — 
-^Britain, the United States and 
-wJFtance — have been told by 
_^the East German Foreign 
.-^Ministry that their dipl omats 
will not after all have to' 
* produce passports when cross- 
-».ing into West Berlin. 

However, diplomats from 
^Western powers without occu- 
„ pation rights — countries 
—which include West Germany 
t^and toe rest of the Nato allies 
ir* w h] still have to produce 
—passports to enter West Berlin 
from East Berlin. 

— The non-occupying Nato 
^countries were yesterday still 
"refusing to do so, and were 
"being turned away. If they still 
--wanted to get into West 
.-•Berlin, they had to leave East 
Berlin and enter toe western 
-Thalf of toe city from toe 
.^territory of the East German 

It is possible, however, that 
/•in the next few days they will 

an additional means of 


They will therefore, show 
only toe first three pages of the 
passport, those containing 
name and photograph. This 
procedure will accommodate 
the East German claim that 
toe demand for toe passports 
was merely an anti-terrorist 

Western powers remain 
convinced, however, that toe 
change had nothing to do with 
anti-terrorism, but was merely 
one of East Germany’s occa- 
sional attempts to show that 
East Berlin was its capital — a 
claim rejected by the West — 
and that its border guards in 
the city therefore had the right 
to ask diplomats for passports. 

One Western diplomat said 
yesterday that the situation 
had by now become so com- 
plicated that East German 
border guards themselves did 
not always know from whom 
to demand passports or visas. 

British soldiers marching in a wet West Berlin yesterday, 
during the traditional birthday parade for the Queen. 

Agreement deliberately full of legal loopholes 

By Our Diplomatic 
" Correspondent 

Lt The relationship between 
£foe four powers occupying 
•^Berlin is governed by a series 
~of agreements daring back to 
-the ead of the Second World 
^War, but none of them refers 
^specifically to the right of 
freedom of movement between 
“East and West Berlin. 

Britain, the US and France 
base their opposition to the 
new regulations introduced by 
the East Germans on a mix- 
ture of rights which are implic- 
it in the London agreements of 
1944 and 1945 on the joint oc- 
cupation and administration of 
greater Berlin and on practices 
which have developed since. 

These agreements estab- 
lished Berlin as a special area. 

The quadripartite agree- 
ment which the four nations 
signed in September 1971 ef- 
fectively codified the rights 
and practices that had been in 
operation for the previous 
quarter century. 

Although deliberately am- 
biguous and full of legal 
loopholes, the 1971 agreement 
states among its general provi- 
sions that the four powers 

would strive to ‘‘promote the 
elimination of tension and the 
prevention of complications 
within the area of Barfin’*. 

The three Western powers 
contend that the incorporation 
of East Berlin into East Ger- 
many and die bnOding of the 
Berlin Wall woe flagrant and 
unilateral breaches of all the 
major agreements concerning 
the administration of the city. 

Pressure to 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Britain is coming under 
renewed pressure io impose 
unila teral fisheries protection 
measures around toe Fajldand 
Islands following toe sinking 
of a Taiwanese fishing vessel 
by an Argentinian gunboat. 

Sir Rex Hunt, the former 
civil commissioner of the 
islands, said Britain should 
declare a 200-mile fishery 
protection zone around the 

‘‘Because there is no restric- 
tion on fishing around toe 
Falklands, it has become toe 
last great fishing free-for-all in 
toe world, and the- fear is that 
the fish stocks are going to be 
destroyed.*' he said. “Before 
1982 there were about 30 
boats a day operating in the 
area. Now if s more like 300.” 
Fishing experts have said 
the islanders could be earning 
about £12 million a year from 
controlled, fishing. 

The British Government 
has turned a deaf ear to the is- 
landers* pleas, saying it would 
be impossible to police a 
fisheries protection zone: 
Instead, Britain has been 
pressing for toe establishment 
of a multi-lateral fishing re- 
gime in toe South Atlantic, to 
be arranged through toe 
Rome-based Food and Agri- 
culture Organization and po- 
liced by toe countries whose 
vessels are fishing in toe area. 

However, toe FAO report 
on the impact that the current 
level of fishing is having on 
fish stocks is still being await- 
ed by Whitehall 
gentine Foreign Ministry has 
claimed that toe sinking of a 
Taiwanese trawler came after 
two warnings and three warn- 
ing shots (a Correspondent 

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cang(«eyauupiaci 200 TOsmui Hoar 

™JAPR 32.9% 


to be dropped 

From Out Own Correspeadent l Bdmi 

The last legal cloud hanging 
over the West German ChaiH 
ceflor. Hot Helmut KoU, in 
the seven months remaining 
until the next general election, 
was lifted yesterday when toe 
Public Prosecutor’s Office in 
Bonn said he was not to be 
prosecuted for giving false 
testimony to a Bundestag 
committee..." " 

The formerGreen MP; Hen- 
Otto Schily, look out a private 
summons alleging rhpt -Hen” 
Kohfgave false tedimony ton 
committee investigating the V 
flick -affair, in winch alleged 
illegal business- contributions ■ 
were made to party funds. 

In another summons. Heir 
Schily allcg-ed that Herr Kohl 
committed a similar offence 
before a committee of the 
Rhineland-Palatinate Gov- 
ernment which was investigat- 
ing the - same kind of 
payments. The Rhineland-Ra- 

Shin Bet 

From Ian Murray 

There is no need to investi- 
gate whether politicians were 
involved in helping to cover 
up toe .way two Palestinians 
dial while -in toe custody of 
Shin Bet, the. Israeli counter- 
intelligence agency, according - 
to Mr Yitzhak Zamir, the 
Attorney-General . 

But Mr Zamir is still insist- 
ing on a full inquiry into the 
circumstances in which the . 
men died in April: 1984. - 
He now has evidence, he 1 
says, which suggests that they 1 
were murdercdoa the orders 1 
of the head of Shin Bet, Mr 1 
Avraham Shalom, who had 1 
then fabricated evidence, to 1 
two inquiries. 

Mr Zamir means to investih- 
gate Mr Shalom's part in toe- ] 


While refusing to withdraw \ 
his demand for an inquny.-Mr . 
Zamir has told the Govern- , 
ment that he sees no reason 
why ft should go beyond Shin 
Bet This would mean that, he < 
would not investigate how 1 
much was known by Mr ) 
Yitzhak Shamir who, as Prime > 
Minister at toe time; was 1 
ultimately responsible for toe 1 
work of the agency. i 

huinate prosecutors last week 
said that investigation was 
also befog dropped. 

Yesterday's decision caused 
obvfoos relief in toe Christian 
Democratic - Party (CDU), 
. whose election managers had 
dreaded, the prospect of an 
indictment in what is effec- 
tively ag election year. 

The* Chance&or struck a 
defiant note. “Itis high time” 
he said, ‘That the attempts of 
some politicians and journal- 
ists to misuse justice for polit- 
ical purposes Should be given 
up.” Ife also said toe decisions 
of the Public Prosecutors con- 
firmed his feith in their object- 
ivity. Bui be noted that an 
innocent politican involved in 
such an investigation could 
hardly defend himself from 
toe political difficulties and 
defamations of interested par- 

Belgians to 
seek 26 
UK fans 

From Richard Owen 

After aday of confusion over 
Belgian's request for foe ex- 
tradition of Liverpool football 
rioters to face charges arising 
from the Heysel Stadium trag- 

edy -a year -ago,, to* Justice 

Ministry yesterday confirmed 
that the request would teach 
Britain “m a matter of days.” 

Twenty-six alleged culprits 
-hare been identified following 
the dose examination of pho- 
tographs and video film. If 
extradited they wiD be charged 
with the Belgian equivalent of 
manslaughter. Thirty-nine 
people died in foe disaster* 

The confusion arose when a 
statement by M Jean Gel foe 
Belgian Minister of Justice, to 
a visiting television reporter 
was misinterpreted to mean 
that 'foe extradition warrants 
were already in British hands. 

. Last month M Charles Fer- 
dift a nd Nofoomb, the Belgian 
Interior Minister, told Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary, that Beiginm intwriwi 
to ask for extradition. . Mr 
Hard assared him that Britain 
would co-operate fully. 

From John Earle, Rome 

MrNaas Mehemed Shtewi, 

manager of the Rome office of 

the Libyan finance company 
which has a 14 per cent 
holding Jn Fiat, has left Italy 
before an expulsion order 
could be served, police said 

Mr Shtewi is among 28 
Libyans.and a Jordanian who 
were classed by toe Interior 
Ministry as “undesirable” on 
Thursday and given three 
days to leave. But police only . 
found* -12. The others had 
apparently already departed. 
The move increases toe 

pressure; oh Libya to; sell its 
holding ro^ Fiat, which has 

become an em b arrass ment for 
toe Italian company. 

.The holding company of 
Signor Giamu Agnelfi, the 
Fiat chairman, has offered to 
buy the shares from Lafico 
(LibyanArab Finance Com- 
pany). but . so for the Libyans 
have refuted There is specula- 
tion that Signor Agnelli may 
make an announcement at 
Fiat's annual meeting in Twin 
on Tuesday. 

. Fiat is anxious to take pari, - 
fa. to e US Star Wars pro-., 
gramme. Bot the fadagn ha* 
shown that it wfll not, do* 
business with Hat as long as it 
keepstoe Ubyan Irak? * ; ^ 

Ck Ah 
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s ft i* 

* . i * 

1 1 ii» 3 v 

Tamil rebels blamed 
for 26 deaths in Sri 
Lanka bomb blasts 

Colombo #AP, Reuter) - 
Two bomb blasts blamed on 
Tamil rebels kilted 26 people 
yesterday, including 18 sol- 
diers travelling in a convoy in 
Tnncotnafee district. 

The e xplo sions went offina 

the village of Pabtoppur, 
about 155 mites north-east of 
the capital, police and security 
sources said. 

Nine people from the bot- 
tling plant and 15 soldiers 
were listed in serious condi- 
tion, the sources said. 

Hospitals in Colombo said 
50 petite were admitted with 
injuries from the blast at the 
Ceylon Gold Stores, and 60 
otters were t reated and 

Twenty-five minntre after 
the plant explosion, 18 sol- 
diers were killed and 15 

injured when a hndmiw blew 
up their vehicle. 

The explosions marked the 
tees! upsurge of violence in 
the bloody dispute between 
majority Sinhalese and minor- 
ity Tamils. More than 3,000 
people have been killed in the 
conflict during the past three 

A National Security Minis- 
try qmkesman said a convoy 
of four Army vehicles was 
driving from Mnttur to 
Senjwxla in Trincomalee dis- 
trict when one of them carry- 
ing 45 soldiers hit the 

In Colombo, workers at the 
factory were unloading bottles 
from a lorry when the bomb 
blast shook the plant, police 

A hospital spokesman said a 
wounded man- told him the 
lorry had arrived at the factory 
from Jaffna in the north. 

stronghold of the gnemOas. 

' The factory, belonging to a 
firm wholly-owned by a Sri 
Tankan concern, is at Slave 
Island, a commercial area 
dose to the centre of the 

A Tamil guerrilla group 
warned multinational compa- 
nies in Sri Lanka on Monday 
to pull out of the island or free 
attacks on their plants. 

The statement was issued in 
the southern Indian city of 
Madras by the Edam Revolu- 
tionary Organization of Stu- 
dents. one of five main 
guerrilla groups fighting lor a 
separate Tamil state. 

It said a bomb attack on a 
partly Japanese-owned ce- 
ment factory in eastern Sri 
Lanka last week was a warning 
to multinational companies to 
stop “swindling’ the people 
and leave the island im- 

Sikhs shoot dead praying Hindus 

Amritsar (AP) — Sikh ex- 
tremists sprayed automatic 
gunfire on Hindu ‘‘untouch- 
ables” praying outside a 
shrine in Punjab state yester- 
day, lolling two people and 
wounding seven. 

In a separate attack, a priest 
was killed by suspected tenor- 

near the military garrison of Sikh ext remists have killed 
Pathankot, north-west of Am- at least 78 people, most of 
ritsar, police said. them Hindus, in hit-and-run 

Three of the wounded attacks in May alone. The 
“untouchables” were in a latest attack came on the eve 

critical condition in an Amrit- of a “genocide week” called by 

sar bospiiaL It was the second Sikh militants to com memo- A South Korean riot policeman taking a flying lock at an 

serious attack this month in 
the small town of Jandiala 

• fl • m- » . 7 . g P»H U IMWU UJ JAiHimM 

ists late on Thursday night Guru. 

Moderate Contras 
gain more power 

The Nic ar agu an Contras, 
beset by congressional allega- 
tions of c orrupti on, h uman 

US finds, have finally sac- 
ceeded in revamping the civil- 
ian leadership ate taking de~ 
dare steps to improve their 
battered huge. 

The reorganization will give 
greater power to moderates, 

which may lead to the removal 

of some Contra military com- 
manders who were linked with 
the bridal regime of the fade 
Anastasio Somoza, over- 
throws by the S an dfa ris ta s m 

Some farmer Somoza sym- 
pathizers found their way into 
foe Centra camp, where they 
continued to bold powerful po- 
iprinof^ a fret that ha* done 
much to discredit foe fighters 
with influential congressmen. 

The US Administritiou, al- 
armed by c ontinu ing farfwn 
fights among foe rebel leaders, 
onloed foe talks, which began 
nearly three weeks ago in MHa- 
mi The State Department ca- 
foosiasticafly welcomed the 
changes as "an extremely po-. 
stive step hi broadening foe 

It said civilian control would 
te strengthened and tte co-or- 
dination of military activities 
would be improved. “The re- 
sistance should reflect what a 
democratic Nicaragua should 
be. We befieve the tone and 
results of these meetings meet 

that important test” 

The three dvitian leaders of 
foe rebel mhreDa group— the 
United Nicaraguan Opposi- 
tion, which is essentially a US 
creation — held a news confer- 
ence to annoimce that they had 
resolved many of their differ- 
ences and reached a power- 
sharing accord during foe 
Miami talks. 

The changes a^ear to place 
guerrilla forces raider stricter 
emttan control, while boosting 
foe mmifag of two moderate 
leaders who had recently 
threatened to resign. The re- 
forms mdnde the naming of a 
frmuM-ml watchdog and a spe- 
cial inspector to monitor com- 
bat operations. 

The Miami anmmi t boded 
down to a battle between Sendr 
Adolfo Catero, a conservative, 
and two leading moderates, 
Seafir Arturo Croz and Sendr 
Alfonso Robele. The Adminis- 
tration feared that tire contro- 
lled infighting would weaken 
the chances of congress ap- 
proving President Reagan's 
request for $100 million (67 

mfiHoa) in new aid, which will 

be defeated next month. 

The motf critical issue — foe 
removal or dfeaptining of mili- 
tary leaders — will now be 
handled by a majority rote, 
giving the moderates greater 
control over former Somoza 
National Gnard officers in the 
rebel army. 

Journalists seek £16m 
damages from rebels 

From Our Own Correspondent, Washington 

Two freelance Journalists 
have filed a $25 million (£16.6 
million) lawsuit accusing a 
group of Americans and Ni ca- 
raguan rebels of smuggling 
cocaine to finance military 
operations ag ai n st Nicar- 
agua's Sandinista Govern- 
ment. The State Department 
issued an immediate state- 
ment denying the allegations. 

Tony Aviigan and Martha 
Honey, who contributes to 
The Times from Central 
America, also accused the 30 
defendants of planting a bomb 
that exploded at a press con- 
ference on the border betweoi 
Nicaragua an d Costa Rica is 

The blast JdQed five people 
and injured Commander Ed6n 
Pasture, then a leader of the 
US-backed rebels. Mr A virgan 
and 25 others were injured. 

British nurse 
shows some 

Hollywood, Florida (AP) — 
Miss Kathryn Mary Jones, a 
British nurse who was kid- 
napped from a telephone ki- 
osk near her Miami Beach 
hotel, brutally beaten and left 
for dead on a woodland path, 
has recovered limited speech, 
her doctor said yesterday- 
“Sbe’s waking up, and she s 
Talki ng now, although she 
doesn't make complete sen- 
tences, and she's eating. We'll 
probably even move her out of 
intensive care,” Dr Donald 
Giuliasti, a neuro-surgeon, 

“We always think the pa- 
tients are going to take a long 
time to wake up (from a 
coma), and when they wake 
up in two to three weeks, we’re 
all happy about it,” he said. 

“Bui it’s still too early to tea 
how she'll be. She recognizes 
her sister and her boyfriend, 
but she's obviously not alto- 
gether with it yet” 4 

Michael Dwayne Sieoert 
aged 18. has teen charged with 
kidnapping Miss Jones. 

The suit seeks damages for 
injuries s lemming from the 
attack, including mental 
distress. • 

It is aimed at a group of 
conservative Americans as 
well as some of the Contra 
rebels. Most prominent am- 
ong the defendants named 
were Adolfo Calero. leader of 
the Nicaraguan Democratic 
Force (FDN), and retired US 
Army General John Singlaub, 
chairman of the conservative 
World Anti-Communist 

Sedor Calero denied the 
allegations and told reporters 
in Miami: “They had better 
take out libel insurance.” 

The State Department said: 
“We categorically reject these 
charges. No credible evidence 
has been produced to substan- 
tiate them.” 

to walk in 
space today 

Moscow (AP) - the Soviet | 
j Union's new Soyuz TM cap- 
sule returned to Earth yester- 
day, and Tass announced that 
two cosmonauts plan another 
spacewalk from the Salyut-7 
space station today. 

The announcement of plans 
by Leonid Kizun and Vladimir 
Sofovev to work in open space 
: was believed to be foe first 
1 fone that advance public no- ; 
tice has been given of a 
' spacewalk, which will be cov- 
ered live oa television. 

It wifl be the eighth tripinto 
open space for berth cosmo- j 
npn**, who have each spent 
more time on space missions 
riwn anyone, else in foe world. 
They have each also sprat 27 
hoars on spacewalks. „ 

Tass reported that the 
Soynz TM unmanned capsule, 
seat for a brief rendezvous 
with tte Mir space station, 
returned by automatic pilot 
with a “soft landing in . a 
predetermined are a" of foe 

rate the deaths of civilians in anti-government demo ns trator, who ted just landed on a 
the army assault on the Gold- mattress after leaping from foe second floor of a Seoul bank, 
en Temple two years ago. Protesters occupied the bafldtng for tiro hoars yesterday. 

At British Gas we are 
now able to use moles to 
help us lay our new pipes. 

Take our mini-mole. 
Powered by compressed 
air, it can burrow from 
the street up to your 
home. Then, through the 
tunnel it has made, we 
can insert the new pipe 
without having to dig up 
your garden path.| 

Two jailed 
for eggs 
attack on 
the Queen 

From a Correspondent 

Two young women who 
threw eggs at the Queen in 
New Zealand have received 
the maximum penalty of six 
months' imprisonment. 

The women, Deborah Jane 
Leytand, aged 22. and Ann 
Marie Thorny, aged 21. let out 
anguished cnes when the sen- 
tence was imposed by Judge 
Lawson in the Auckland Dis- 
trict Court yesterday. 

The charge of assaulting the 
Queen arose from an incident 
at EDerslie race course. Auck- 
land. on February 24, during a 
royal walkabout 

Both women had denied the 
charge. Before the sentencing 
yesterday, their lawyer told 
the court that the women had 
not intended to insult the 
Queen personally, but were 
attacking the office of 

They were young Pakeha 
(white) women with a great 
sense of personal guilt over the 
New Zealand Government's 
failure to ratify a treaty forged 
with Maoris in, 1840 under 
British rule. 

Judge Lawson said that the 
egg-throwing was a clear, pre- 
planned attack on the Queen 
in her official capacity. The 
deterrent aspect of any sen- 
tence took precedence over 
other factors. Both women are 
to appeal 

Papers reveal US request 

Australians asked 
to resettle Nazis 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

Australia considered a re- 
quest by the United States 
after foe Second World War to 
resettle Klaus Barbie, the Nazi 
war criminal. Documents se- 
cured by an opposition parlia- 
mentarian under foe Freedom 
of Information Act indicate 
that foe US might also have 
tried to find sanctuary in 
Australia for other wanted 

The papers, fomid by a 
liberal Senator. Mr Peter 
Baume, show that the US 
Army approached the Austra- 
lian Embassy in Cologne with 
the request to resettle Barbie. 

In a reply dated June 25, 
1952, an Australian official 
wrote that it was under consid- 
eration, but the matter appears 
to have ended there. 

Barbie, known as “The 
Butcher of Lyons”, was head 
of the Gestapo in the French 
city and has been held respon- 
sible for thousands of deaths 

ami deportations. 

Mr Baume'S di scl o su res an 
bound to renew speculation 
that Nazis mana g ed to get ten 
Australia after the war. A 
recent investigation by foe 
Australia Broadcasting Com- 

miom n flaimwi fn haw «t»h- 

I is bed evidence of this, and a 
committee of inquiry is doe to 
report to Mr Chris Harford, 
foe Immigration Minister, in 
about two weeks. 

Speaking in Ptertiament, Mr 
Baume named a fellow mem- 
ber of the Liberal Party, the 
leader of an extreme right- 
wing faction in New South 
Wales known os “The 
Ugfies” as havhig been in- 
volved with Nazism. 

Mr Lyealto Uitanchkh was 
not a war criminal, bat as a 
Croatian nationalist had col- 
laborated with the Nazis in 
Yugoslavia, Mr Baume said, 
and should be exp died from 
the Liberal Party. 

Barco margin reduced 

By Oar Foreign Staff 
The Liberal Party candidate 
in the presidential election in 
Colombia last Sunday gained 
the biggest landslide victory in 
the nation's electoral history, 
but the margin was not as huge 
as first thought 
Early this week a two- 
million victory margin was 
projected for the Liberal can- 

didate, Sefior Virgilio Barco 
Vargas, over his Conservative 

Final figures, based cm 96 
per cent of the vote, are: 
Virgilio Barco (Liberal), 
4,123.716; Alvaro Gomez 
Hurtado (Conservative), 
2,535.953; Jaime Pardo Leal 
(Union Patriotica), 312,494; 
others, 50,183. 

d. But | 
es left 
)p and 
5p after 
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ter fig- 
which 1 
lb a 38 9 
: and a 
sue on 

unb at 
■d Refi- 
ll 3p. 

I Op to 
it at the 
.ex tiles, 
ined 8p 
L New- 
a quiet ’ 
rice of it 

is were 
t 49p. 

's trad- 
ed 7 P ; 
sting at 


rod 03 
ir-7 per jn 

23 l* 
46-4-2 r,d 
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3-3 '-4 

590 : ^ 

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perating — | Z*' 

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■ofit was — i I 
was 781 ■ 

WEST- _j 1 
the six I 
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! n US- I j 

16,740 — | ■ 
ends — | ■ 

9.517), , 

50) ami — I 
(1.610), , 1 

>5) and' 



The bigger mains-bursting mole helps us replace our older 
cast-iron pipes beneath the street.! 

Pneumatically powered, it crawls underground breaking; 

up the old pipe as it goes. At the same time, it tows a pro- 

1 ■* 

tective plastic sleeve behind it through which we thread; 

# 5* 

« ] the new long-lasting i 

^ sp lu teiae fea/p W as /ay naar t polyethylene pipe. : ; 

=; • — i •■:■■■•«*»■ — ; =£2 £ — ; 

Not only can our moles cut costs, they cause less upheaval; 

3 . 

Which is more than you can say * 

for nature’s version. energy is our business 


_ I 

A 3 jf 

British Gas* !j 





Simon Barnes 

Clive of 

Clive Lloyd, that great and genu- 
inely enormous West Indian crick- 
eter, could be joining the 
Australians as coach or manager 
of the national team. There had 
been speculation, and indeed, 
promises, that he would take up a 
similar job for the West Indians — 
but nothing has happened. Indeed, 
Wes Hall, their touring manager, 
has said that Lloyd would not be 
up to the job. 

So, why did Lloyd give up the 
captaincy of the West Indies? It 
was because of increasing dissen- 
sion in the West Indian dressing- 
room. Things had reached the 
stage where Lloyd doubted that 
most of the leading players would 
give of their best under him. His 
troops, ambitious and anxious, 
were getting increasingly restive as 
speculation about his successor 
grew. Along with Richards, the 
current captain. Holding and 
Gomes were considered strong 
candidates for the job. 

People have also wondered why 
Lloyd has not become Sir Clive. 
Does this represent royal dis- 
approval of Lloyd's speed-and- 
mo re-speed tactics? Not at alL 
Guyanese nationals are actively 
discouraged from accepting such 
honours. One assumes that Her 
Majesty would not offer a knight- 
hood knowing that it would 
almost certainly be refused. 

Lloyd’s list 

Meanwhile. Mike Brearley, the 
former England captain, is prob- 
ably not on Lloyd's Christinas 
card list. Give was more than 
upset by Brearley's criticisms of 
him in his book The Art of 
Captaincy, in which he wrote of 
Lloyd becoming “cynical in the 
exercise of power”. This was “a 
futile attempt to discredit me". 
Lloyd replies, among other revela- 
tions in Trevor McDonald’s up- 
dated and newly paperbacked 
book Clive Lloyd. 

Joint effort 

The best sports books title of the 
year is certain to belong to Frank 
Keating's book on Ian Botham, 
soon to be published. It is called 
High. Wide and Handsome , a 
pleasant follow-up to the West 
Country car stickers that read 
“Somerset do it on grass". 

• This year's Derby, run on 
Wednesday, is a puzzler. No single 
horse stands out. But after pro- 
found meditation. I am going for a 
Michael Stonte 1-2: Shahrastani 
to win and Jareer each way. 
Bookies, yon have been warned. 

Punt to point 

lan Bathgate plans to be the first 
man to pole a terrifyingly unstable 
racing punt from Lechlade to 
Teddington. These craft are 34 
feet long, less than a foot wide, and 
a man can carry one under his arm 
quite comfortably. The ordinary 
picnic punts — tricky enough to 
handle, in all conscience — are a 
chunky three feet wide. Bathgate's 
efforts are part of the ambitions of 
Diflon’s Skiff and Punting Club to 
navigate the Thames in racing 
punts in September. Most will be 
in “two-foot" punts, which take 
two men and are two feet wide. 

Wizards of Oz 

No one, no matter how hard he 
tried, could forget the Australian 
cricketing soap opera Bodyline \ 
that glorious celebration of what 
has long been recognized as the 
longest w hinge in sporting history. 
Hot on its heels comes a new soap 
opera, to celebrate what threatens 
to become history’s longest piece 
of unseemly crowing: the Austra- 
lian victory in the America’s Cup. 
The show is called The Challenge 
and is billed as “how the boys 
from Down Under came out on 
top". We should have it on our 
screens in the autumn. Lucky us. 

Tossing the cash 

How much does it cost to bag the 
Olympic Games? The quick an- 
swer is, a fortune. The cities 
bidding for the 1 992 Olympics will 
be spending a total of £31.5 mil- 
lion on self-publicity: for the 
summer games, Amsterdam and 
Birmingham will each spend 
£2J million, Brisbane £4 million, 
Paris £5.5 million and Barcelona 
£6 million. For the winter games, 
Sofia will spend £1 million, Cor- 
tina £1.5 million, LiUehammer 
£1.5 million, Albertville £3 mil- 
lion and Fallun £4 million. 
Amsterdam has sent a telex to all 
competing cities, suggesting an 
agreement on expenditure and 
conductof lobbying. Birmingham 
at least has agreed to this. Only the 
two cities that come out on lop 
will have anything to show for all 
the expense. 


Tm farming mixed livestock — 
Jerseys, Fnesians. hippies . , * 

Tom Paulin: why art must reflect contemporary concerns 

The polities of poetry 

We have been taught, many of us. 
to believe that art and politics are 
separated by the thickest and most 
enduring of partitions. An is a 
garden of pure perfect forms 
which effortlessly “transcends” 
that world of compromise, cruelty, 
dead language and junk cars which 
Manicheans dismiss as mere poli- 
tics. Art stands for freedom, while 
politics is a degrading bondage we 
must reject and escape from. 
Indeed, there is an influential 
school of literary criticism - 
appropriately, it dominates lit- 
erary studies in the United States 
— which argues that the political 
and historical content of literature 
must be dismissed as “extrinsic 

The practitioner of close read- 
ing agrees with Henry Ford that 
history is bunk and enforces that 
belief with a series of fallacies — 
biographical, intentional, histori- 
cal. “personalist", ideological. 
Like intimidating heresies, these 
supposedly fallacious ways of 
reading literature are designed to 
hinder the reader who believes 
that there is often a relationship 
between art and politics, rather 
than a clear-cut opposition be- 
tween formal garden and contin- 
gent scrapheap. 

The poet who elects to write 
about political reality is no dif- 
ferent from the poet who chooses 
love, landscape or a painting by 
Cezanne as the subject for a poem. 
The choice of a political subject 
entails no necessary or complete 
commitment to an ideology — 
Burns, for example, was a radical 
republican but he nevertheless 
based Charlie He’s My Darling on 
popular Jacobite songs about the 
Young Pretender. He could com- 
bine a dedicated egalitarianism 

hegemony in these islands. And 
although Eliot offered a strategic 
defence of Burns’s verse, his 
subversion of Milton's reputation 
was a major act of cultural 
desecration (the subsequent mod- 
ification in Eliot's attitude did not 
repair the damage). 

Both Arnold and Eliot adopt a 
romantic, curiously puritan and 
personal attitude to Milton — 
Arnold criticizes his “asperity and 
acerbity, his want of sweetness of 
temper", while Eliot confesses “an 
antipathy towards Milton the 
man”. Abetted by Lea vis, the 

Milton: a dedicated 
servant of liberty 

with a pride in the House of Stuart 
that was both personal and na- 
tional. And if Bums had been 
more extensively cavalier in his 
sympathies. Arnold might not 
have dismissed him as a “Scotch” 
provincial who speaks in a bogus 
voice, lacks high seriousness and 
has mistakenly elected to write 
about a “harsh, a sordid, a 
repulsive world". 

Bums is one of the most notable 
victims of the aristocratic, hierar- 
chical, conservative tradition 
which Arnold and T.S. Eliot have 
floated as the major cultural 

Arnold: proponent of a 
hierarchical approach 

Scrutiny group, the New Critics 
and that reactionary theologian, 
C.S. Lewis, Eliot was able to 
rewrite English literary history 
and almost obliterate the Prot- 
estant prophetic tradition. And as 
David Norbrook has pointed out 
in his brilliant, pioneering study. 
Poetry and Politics in the English 
Renaissance, the Renaissance po- 
etic tradition culminated in Mil- 
ton, a figure whose 
uncompromising republicanism 
places his views even today out- 
side framework of political dis- 
cussion in England. Eliot and 
Lea vis did not flinch from a drastic 
solution: Milton must be declared 
to have been a bad poet, and 
“dislodged” from the canon. 

As Norbrook reminds those of 
us .who still revere Milton as the 
greatest English poet and the most 
dedicated servant of English lib- 
erty, some of the major Renais- 
sance poets were politicians. But 
this unsettling historical fact was 
pushed out ofthe cultural memory 
by a group of literary critics 
dedicated to a ‘transcendental” 
vision which ostensibly depoliti- 
cized art 

This orthodoxy has meant that 
students of English literature have 
for several generations now Jbeen 
encouraged to believe that Mil- 
ton's theology is entirely separate 
from whatever his political beliefs 
might have happened to be. And 
in any case, Milton has been 
smeared by T.S. Eliot as a master 
of “a dead language” and was 
therefore a writer who might be 
respectably avoided. 

The ghost of an earlier entryiste. 
Edmund Burke, must have smiled 
at Eliot’s enterprise, and Arnold's 
eccentric praise of that Irish 
counter-revolutionary as “our 
greatest English prose-writer” is 

one of his more ‘interested 11 or 
committed critical judgements, 
even though Arnold astutely bal- 
ances it with a criticism of Burke”s 
stylistic extravagance and 
‘Asiatic” provinciality. 

Together, Arnold and Eliot 
ensured that the magic of mon- 
archy and superstition permeated 
Fn giich literary criticism and 
education like a syrupy drug. 
Fortunately, the work of Chns- 
tophe Hill challenges the bland, 
unhis tori cal insidiously tenden- 
tious readings of Milton which 
have been dominant until re- 
cently, andT in lime it may be 
generally acknowledged that Mil- 
ton is no more a non-political 
writer than Joyce was - or Dante, 
or Yirgil. 

One of the dogmas of the 
ahistorical school of literary criti- 
cism is the belief that political 
commitment necessarily d am ag e s 
a poem. Thus poets tend to be 
praised for their liberal open- 
mindedness, their freedom from 
the constricting dictates of ideol- 
ogy. As Douglas Bush has shown, 
Cleantta Brooks transforms 
MarvelTs H oral ion Ode into an 
expression of modern “uncom- 
mitted" liberalism. Yet the two 
greatest political poems in En- 
glish — Paradise Lost and 
Absalom and Achitophel — are 
wcnrks of the committed imagina- 
tion. Milton was a republican, a 
regicide, the official propagandist 
ofthe English parliament. Drydcn 
became a monarchist and a Tory 
after the Restoration. Their politi- 
cal beliefs are fundamental to their 
poems and our reading is enriched 
by a knowledge of those beliefs 
and an understanding of the social 
experience which helped to form 
them (I say “helped" because in 
the end we accede to a political 
position by an act of faith — 
Milton’s essentia] faith was love of 
liberty, Dryden’s love of order). 

In the Western democracies it is 
still possible for many readers, 
students and teachers of literature 
to share the view that poems exist 
in a timeless vacuum or a sound- 



condition. In those col 
societies a liberal beik 
separation of the public from the 
private life is not possible. Nor is 
it possible to believe that a poet 
may permit himself only an 
occasional interest in politics, or 
adopt a position which in the West 
would be termed ^purely aesthetic 
and non-political”. 

The ironic gravity and absence 
of hope in poets such as Zbigniew 
Herbert, Rdzewicz, Holub, re- 
mind us that in Eastern Europe 
the poet has a responsibility both 
to art and to society, and that this 
responsibility is single and in- 
divisible. The poet, in Joyce’s 
special use of the term, is ( the 
“conscience” of his or her society. 
Although the imagination can be 
strenihened rather than distorted 
by ideology, my definitio n of a 
political poem does not assume 


Eliot a rewriting of 
literary history 

Drydem monarchist 
who loved order 

proof museum, and that poets are 
■gifted with an ability to hold 
themselves above history, rather 
like skylarks or weather satellites. 
However, in some societies, 
particularly totalitarian ones, his- 
tory is a more or less inescapable 

that such poems necessarily make 
an ideological statement. They can 
instead embody a general histori- 
cal awareness rather than offering 
a specific attitude to state affairs. 

Almost invariably a political 
poem is a public poem, and it 
often begins in a direct response to 
a current event, just as a pamphlet 
or a piece of journalism brings 
from mid addresses a particular 
historical moment This is true of 
Dryden’s Absalom and Achitophel, 
Yeats’s Easter 1916 and Auden’s 
Spain. Unfortunately for several 
generations now, critics and teach- 
ers have for the most part been 
content to stress the “universal” 
or “timeless" idea ofthe poem and 
to blot out the living social 
moment of its production. Just as 
the opening night of a play’s first 
production is a vital pan of that 
play's meaning, so the moment 
when a poem first became a social 
object is essential to our under- 
standing of its significance. That 
moment of production, like lan- 
guage itself is fluent and needs to 
be seized by the reader’s historical 
imagination. It is my hope that 
future generations will break 
through the barriers which have 
been set up between history and 
art. A culture which abolishes 
memory from the interpretation 
of literary texts is surely doomed. 

<0 Tom PaoSn, IMS 

Extracted from the introduction to 
the Fiber Book of Political Yerse, 
published this week (£8.95). 

Michael Hornsby finds a parallel to the anti-Botha backlash 


The crisp autumn air of the 
Highveld will be crackling with 
historical echoes today, the 25th 
anniversary of Republic Day, as 
supporters of far-right organiza- 
tions converge on the Voortrekker 
Monument, high on a stony 
“koppie” outside Pretoria, for a 
mass rally which they hope will 
give decisive impetus to the 
gathering groundswell of white 
opposition to the South African 
government's cautious relaxation 
of apartheid. 

The foundation stone of the 
monument, a squat structure of 
brownish stone visible for miles 
around, was laid in 1938 to mark 
the centenary of the Great Trek, 
when some 14,000 Boer families, 
with their black and coloured 
servants, migrated inland from the 
Cape to escape what they felt was 
the intolerable yoke ofBritish rule. 

The noble desire for indepen- 
dence was tainted by a less 
edifying resentment of the lib- 
eralizing features of British rule, 
such as the freeing of slaves in 
1834. “It is not (so much) their 
freedom that drives us to such 
lengths, as their being placed on an 
equal footing with Christians, con- 
trary to the laws of God and the 
natural distinctions of race and 
religion", Anna Steen kamp, the 
sister of Piet Relief, one of the 
Voortrekker leaders, declared. 

The 1938 centenary ceremony 
was attended by an estimated 

100.000 people. Many had earlier 
taken pan in a symbolic restaging 
ofthe Great Trek; a small group of 
idealistic Afrikaners, dressed in 
period costume, had set out in ox- 
wagons from Cape Town, picking 
up thousands of followers on their 
slow progress to Pretoria, nearly 

1.000 miles away. 

One of the organizations behind 
that deeply emotional pilgrimage, 
which gave a huge boost to the 
burgeoning cause of Afrikaner 
nationalism, was the "purified" 
National Party of D.F. Malan, 
whose successors, after nearly 40 
years in power, now stand accused 
by a new generation of Afrikaner 
puritans of betraying that self- 
same cause. 

In the person of President 
P.W. Botha, the wheel of history 
has come full circle. In 1936, as a 
youth of 20. he joined Dr Malan's 
fledgling party. Two years earlier it 
had broken with General J.B.M. 
Henzog's original National Party, 
disgusted by Hertzog's decision to 
join forces with General Jan 
Smuts in the United Party, which 
favoured cooperation between 
Afrikaans and English-speaking 

Gangs of NP toughs regularly 
disrupted United Party meetings, 
using thuggish tactics very similar 
to those now employed by Eugene 
Terre Blanche's neo-fascist Afri- 
kaner Weerstandsbeweging 
(AWB), tactics which President 
Botha, who is said to have been an 
("litiMci.ictiV oart ici rant in the 

Afrikanerdom united: the inauguration of the Voortrekker Monument in 1949 

Full circle for 
the laager 

brawls of the 1930s, now piously 

The historical parallels do not 
end there. The AWB bears a 
striking resemblance to the 
Ossewabrandwag (OB) — in En- 
glish, ox-wagon fire guard — a 
■ para-military organization formed 
in early 1939 which became the 
■main focus for Afrikaner oppo- 
sition to South Africa's entry into 
the Second World War on 
Britain’s side, a decision that 
caused even more turmoil within 
the “volk” than the present 
government’s policies. 

Then the cabinet split down the 
middle. Hertzog, the prime min- 
ister, and Smuts, his deputy, look 
opposing sides. Hertzog's motion 
in favour of neutrality was put to 
parliament and narrowly defeated. 
The English-speaking governor- 
general Patrick Duncan, refused 
Henzog's request to dissolve the 
assembly and hold elections. In- 
stead he asked Smuts to form a 
government, and Hertzog re- 

About one in three Afrikaners of 
military age volunteered to fight 
alongside their English-speaking 
compatriots. Many more joined 
the OB. which at the height of its 
popularity claimed some 400,000 
members. Much given to Nazi- 
styte parades and torchlight rallies, 
the OB also had a storm trooper 
unit which tried to sabotage the 

war effort by blowing up electric- 
ity pylons and railway tracks. 

Membership of the OB and the 
NP overlapped Botha briefly 
belonged to the OB until his 
mentor. Dr Malan. fearing that it 
might usurp the position of the 
NP, issued an edict prohibiting 
dual membership. Some Afri- 
kaners, including John Vorster. 
later to be Botha's predecessor as 
prime minister, refused to have 
the OB, and were interned by the 

Saturday night brawls between 
gangs of OB supporters and 
soldiers became a routine feature 
of South African life. Then, as 
now, the loyalty of the police was 
suspect. A commission of inquiry 
set up after one particularly savage 
punch-up in Johannesburg, which 
lasted for two days, found that 
policemen had jomed in with a 
will kicking and batoning soldiers 
as they lay on the ground 

As tite tide of war turned against 
Hitler, support for the OB rapidly 
waned. The organization was 
never banned however, and long 
after the NP came to power in 
1948, Afrikaners continued to 
view the OB’S exploits in a heroic 
light, even as they denounced the 
“terrorism” of the emerging breed 
of black nationalist rebels who 
adapted much the same tech- 
niques of sabotage in pursuit of 
their own idea of liberation. 

General Smuts’s chief crime, in 

the eyes of Afrikaner fun- 
damentalists. was not that he was 
too kind to blacks (his views on 
that subject were only mildly more 
liberal than those of Dr Malan), 
but rather that he had thrown in 
his lot with the Boers’ ancestral 
enemy, the English. The tortured 
relationship between “Boer and 
Brit" was still the dominant theme 
of South African politics. Blacks, . 
and their political demands, were 
a sideshow. 

Today, President Botha feces 
exactly the reverse situation. Most 
whites, even most Afrikaners, 
know that the atavistic antics of 
TerreBlanche and his followers 
represent the last thrashings of a 
near-extinct dinosaur and not the 
dawn of a brave new world If the 
Afrikaner right has an influence 
out of all proportion to its 
numbers, it is largely because 
Botha is still a (partly willing) 
prisoner of the notion that Ins 
chief duty as an Afrikaner leader is 
to preserve the unity of the tribe. 

The demographic reality is that 
even if half the Afrikaner commu- 
nity deserted the NP, the govern- 
ment could still hope to command 
the support of a majority of the 
white electorate by increasing its 
following among English-speakers 
or even entering into coalition 
with the liberal Progressive Fed- 
eral Party to its left. 

Thai however, is a quantum 
leap that President Botha seems 
emotionally unable to make, de- 
spite the courage he showed in 
shrugging off the defection of the 
Treuraicht faction, and the con- 
sequent formation of the Conser- 
vative Party, in 1982. He still 
shrinks from the wholesale sac- 
rifice of Afrikaner solidarity that 
would probably be involved in 
entering into negotiations with the 
African National Congress. 

Charles Moore 

crash landing 

Throughout her career Mrs 
Thatcher has been widely re- 
garded as domineering and dic- 
tatorial In the public eye. the 
Westland affair confirmed it. In 
feet it was her anxiety sot to be too 
autocratic which caused her gov- 
ernment its greatest trouble, Inters 
viewed on television soon after 
Leon Briztan resigned as Trade 
and Industry Secretary, the Pm® 
Minister was asked whv she had 
not disciplined Michael Head lin e 
much earlier — if necessary, 
dismissing him. She had not done 
so, she said, because everyone 
would have accused her of being a 

According to Magnus L mktaic r 
and David Leigh, authors of the 
first book on the affair (Hot With 
Honour , Sphere, £3.95), on 
December 18 she had discussed 
with a group of dose advisers the 
possibility of issuing an ul- 
timatum to Hesdtine- S he a c- 
cepted the advice of Bernard 
Ingham, her press secretary, that 
she should dol The crisis deep- 
ened and dragged on. 

Instead of weighing in* Mrs 
Thatcher skirted round. She did 
not order Hesdtine to obey but 
ensured *hai other departments 
did not co-operate with him. She 
did not openly support Westland 
linking with Sikorsky but did take 
care that Sir John Cuckney, the 
Westland chairman and a sup- 
porter of Sikorsky, was better 
informed than his opponents. 

Her office caused the Solid tor- 
General’s letter about “material 
inaccuracies" in a teller of 
Heseltine's to be leaked, but n was 
Brittan, not the Prime Minister or 
any of her officials, who paid for 
the impropriety. Mis Thatcher is 
famous for being blunt Through- 
out this crisis she was evasive. 

As the authors delight in point- 
ing out the Westland story is 
discreditable to the government It 
revealed seediness, dishonesty, 
confusion and panic. But the book 
does not really explain why mat- 
ters came to such a pass, why did 
a government allegedly as vig- 
orously directed as Mrs Thatcher’s 
stumble over something so trivial? 

the triviality. In the context the 
major issues of industrial policy, 
Westland was peripheral Even in 
defence policy it was not very 
important There was no reason 
why senior politicians should pay 
much attention to it When 
Heseltine threw himself into the 
subject his colleagues were be- 

From an initial agnosticism 
about the sale. Heseltine moved to 
passionate partisanship: As he 
leaked and threatened and caused 
letters to be written, as he sud- 
denly jumped up at a Cabinet 
meeting and said that he was 

resigning; as he appeared again 
and again oh television and 
claimed that “an issue of fun- 
damental constitutional prin- 
ciple” was at slake, people found it 
difficult to understand what was 
driving him. And" when he rose in 
the Co mmon s debate after resign- 
ing gad suppo rte d the govern- 
ment. forgetting the “fundamental 
constitutional issue" bewilder- 
ment mined to derision. 

In a story in which dashes of 
personality are very important, 
Heseltine's character may be the 
central factor. His mixture of 
ambition and recklessness must 
have been impossible to deal with. 
It weal fer beyond the ordinary 
desire of a cabinet minister to 
advance himself When Mrs 
Thatcher said “It was a kind of 
period we hope never to go 
Through a g ain, when one member 
of a team isn't quite working as a 
member of a team", she was 
understating the truth. 

Di sag r e ements with colleagues 
notoriously make everyone be- 
have much more foolishly than 
■ptwfc* from avowed opponents. 
If a minister as senior as Hesdtine 
asked for trouhte he was bound to 
get it, because he was putting an 
unexpected strain on the govern- 
ment. Mrs Thatcher’s response 
revealed the limitations of her 
pebtica] skxDs and the impurity of 
some of her methods. 

The most depressing aspect of 
the tale is the light it throws on 
modem politics as they affect 
industry, particularly military in- 
dustry. 'The authors rightly point 
out that it was disingenuous of the 
government to talk of Westland 
having a free choice in the light of 
“market forces” when it was itself 
applying political and commercial 

Westland was used in tawdry 
arguments about patriotism and 
as a means of furthering or 
countering anti-Americanism. 
Heseltine made it the occasion for 
his agreement with the armaments 
directors of Britain, France. West 
Germany and Italy on a new 
European helicopter policy. Pres- 
tige, diplomacy, votes — every- 
thing mattered except, h seems, 
whether Westland could be a well- 
run, profitable enterprise. 

The world of Westland is one in 
which Mrs Thatcher puts a huge 
diplomatic effort into selling the 
utterly unsuitable Westland W 30 
helicopter to India. (The govern- 
ment has already lost £40 minion 
in a “loan” to Westland to build 
the W 30s.) This inane process is 
called “battmg for Britain". West- 
land provides a classic Thatcherite 
critique of interventionist policies, 
but here it was the Thatcher gov- 
ernment that did the intervening. 
The author is editor of The 

Philip Howard 

OED to the 
new tech 

After church, Mark Twain con- 
gratulated Dr Doane, later Bishop 
of Albany, on an enjoyable ser- 
mon: “I welcomed it as an old 
friend; I have a bode at home 
containing every word of it”. Dr 
Doane bridled: “I am sure you 
have not". Twain: “Indeed I 
have”. Doane: “Well I'd like to 
have a look at it. Send it over, 
please". The next day Twain sent 
him his set ofthe Oxford English 

We are celebrating a landmar k 
in the life of our dictionary. It was 
not the first on historical prin- 
ciples; the brothers Grimm started 
the Deutsches WOrterbudi' a bit 
earlier. But the OED is the 
few to have reached the letter 2; 
and it has just become the only 
one with a complete Supplement 
for this century. 

■ It is the greatest dictionary of 
any modern language. This is 
partly because ofthe size, hospital- 
ity and putty-like plasticity of the 
English vocabulary; and partly 
because of the quality and di- 
versity of English literature. The 
OED also owes a lot to the virtues 
of the remarkable men who have 
edited it, from Sir James Murray 
to Dr Robert Burchfield, neither 
of them, significantly, as English- 
man. and neither in sympathy 
with the contemporary academic 
fashions of English faculties. Both 
were caught in the web of words 
for most of their lives. But, nnlike 
other lexicographers, both man- 
aged to spin the web into order 
without becoming tied down like 

The Supplement is nbt just a 
landmark, but also a 1 turning 
point. It is the last great book to be 
set in typ by hot metal Tomor- 
row to the flickering green screen 
and computerization, which is 
revolutionizing dictionaries as 
well as newspapers. IBM ma- 
chines and programmers are al- 
ready integrating the 6,000 pages 
of the Supplement into the 21,000 
pages of the parent OED, a task to 
tax the most sophisticated soft- 
ware. They will now be able to 
revise the original entries, either in 
alphabetical order, or treating first 
the sensitive entries, such as those 
reflecting Victorian attitudes to 
savages and slavery; and cridtet, 
metamorphosed by Packer, 

The new technology of print has 
vastly increased the speed and size 
of dictionary-making. Earlier this 
year the French started to talk 
about cohabitation in a new 
political sense. The new meaning 
was in the Oxford data-base by the 
end of the week. The vocabulary 
of a widely diffused and highly 
cultivated frying language is not a 
fixed quantity circumscribed by 

definite limits. Dr Murray spoke 
of Lexicon totius Anglicitatis. But 
in practice his notion ofa Lexicon 
of All English was Utopian. Both 
he and Dr Burchfield had to set 
boundaries if they were to finish 
the job, and produce something of 
publishable size. 

The new technology has 
changed all that. The English 
language is like an accordion, 
stretchable to the limits of an 
editor’s arms and assiduity. The 
computerized data-base is produc- 
ing an accordion stretchable to the 
horizon. Within a year or two 
those who pay for a c cess will be 
able to buy this colossal word store 
on CD-ROMs (Compact Disc 
Read-Only Memories, for those 
outside The Fancy.) 

Shall we include proper names 
as wefl as other words in our 
dictionary, so that, for example, 
under Dallas we can look up the 
city in Texas, the soppy soap 

Ovts womea 

opera, and any worthies named 
Dallas in feet or fiction? Or shall 
we keep proper names and other 
words separately? High tech 
means we can do both. Shall we 
think again about recording oral 
E n glis h ? Ninety-nine per cent of 
English is spoken, not written. 

The OED has taken the view 
that as soon as a new word is 
spoken, somebody writes it down 
somewhere. Tapes and floppy 
discs enable us to record the word 
exactly as ft is spoken, so making 
possible a dictionary organized on 
synchronic as well as historical 
principles. Press a button to hear 
how the word is pronounced by a 
middle-aged woman in Belfast, 
Los Angeles. Calcutta . . . 

Man is the animal that speaks. 
English-speakers (fufl and part- 
time) — which means • half the 
world's population — are lucky in - 
the revolution that is making allnf 
it accessible at the tap of a button. 




1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


The long-running naval 
engagement between the short 
fat warship and the long thin 
one seems to be entering its 
final phase — for at least the 
second time in three years. 
Seldom do issues of naval 
procurement so grip the 
im a g i nat ion of the press — or 
provoke so much bitterness in 
Whitehall. It has rumbled cm 
and off for most of this decade 
and has antecedents stretching 
back ten years and more. 
Against this background, die 
Prime Minister's decision to 
set up an independent inquiry, 
following the latest salvo from 
the short fat warship's guns, is 
unusual but unquestionably 

The few facts which are 
uncontested are simple 
enough. Three years ago the 
Ministry of Defence decided 
on a long and narrow tra- 
ditional design for the Royal 
Navy's new Type-23 frigate, 
despite vigorous opposition 
from a radical outside alter- 
native. This was the S-90, a 
shorter, broader-beamed 
competitor from the Isle of 
Wight company Thorny croft 
Giles. The c laims maria by the 
company that its brainchild 
could out-gun and out-per- 
form the official candidate, 
were rejected by the ministry 
in 1983. And that, it seemed, 
was than 

The decision to reopen the 
argument which has never 
been entirely stilled, was taken 
because of this week’s report 
by ah unofficial committee 
under the leadership of Ad- 
miral of the Fleet Lord HIU- 
Norton — a former chief of the 
defence staff and one-time 
chairman of Nato's Military 
Committee. His committee 
concluded not only that the S- 
90 design offered significant 
advantages in terms of sea- 
keeping, speed, weapon-siting 
and living space, but that it 
could also be built more 
quickly and more cheaply. Its 
estimated price of £73m was 
25 per cent lower than the 
£100m cost (at least) of con- 

ventional Type-23s, the first of 
•which is now under construc- 
tion pn the Clyde. The 
committee has also claimed 
that some underlying technical 
information was ? n » cc iirp t*» 

It is not the first time -that 
aspersions have been cast on 
the deci son-making process 
over the Type-23 design. This 
newspaper has previously re- 
ported an allegation that the 
results of a successful series of 
tests carried out for 
Thornycroft Giles by, among 
.others, the National Maritime 
Institute were rejected out of 
hand by the ministry. Another 
report has even referred to 
“bugging devices* being found' 
and removed before a lun- 
cheon meeting of the S-90 
lobby at Brooks club in St 

Now, it is extremely difficult 
for people outside the' 
specialised area of marine 
engineering to make a judge- 
ment upon such an issue. 
Comparisons of seakeeping 
performance and cruising 
Speed demand special exper- 
tise. The Hill-Norton commit- 
tee contains a number, of 
highly successful men, includ- 
ing Lord Strathcona, a former 
minister of state at the Min- 
istry of Defence, Professor 
R.V Jones the Second Worid 
War scientist, and Dr. Richard 
Garwin, the eminent Ameri- 
can defence physicist and 
strategic analyst But even they 
would . probably lack 
specialised knowledge on the 
central issues. 

They are distinguished 
enough, however, and their 
report is detailed enough, to 
underline doubts which have 
continued to surround the 
Type-23 controversy. The cost 
factor alone, if correct, is 
enough to give pause for 
thought at a time when the 
defence budget is coming un- 
der particularly heavy pres- 
sure. The Type-23 was, after 
all, conceived as a relatively 
inexpensive frigate. 

The Royal Navy is con- 
cerned by the prospect of 
reopening the argument if only 

because it might set back its 
shipbuilding programme. The 
Royal Corps of Naval 
Constructors, based at Bath, 
who have dominated British 
warship design since before the 
First World War, apparently 
remain convinced that the 
claims for the S-90 are based 
on false premisses and mis- 
calculation. Perhaps they are 
right. But the argument has 
continued for so long, and has 
recently grown so intense, that 
the RCNC themselves would 
surely benefit from an inquiry 
to settle it once and for all 

, . But who is to conduct it? As 
.all the country’s naval archi- 
tects seem to be divided on the 
issue, and as few people out- 
ride their chosen speciality can 
understand the technicalities, 
the pool of available names 
•must be considered very small. 
A marine engineer is under- 
stood to have been ap- 
proached, with a view to his 
producing a report before the 
end of this year. It is arguable, 
however, that Whitehall 
should have endorsed the Hill- 
Norton committee’s recom- 
mendation of a high court 
judge to conduct the inquiry, 
with one or two technical 
experts to advise Him. 

It is significant that the main 
purpose of the inquiry will be 
to examine the way in which 
the 1983 decision was reached. 
Ami d all the claims and 
counter claims, this has be- 
come the central issue in this 
uneasy affair. At the same 
time, one should not forget 
that the original objective was 
to design the most cost-effec- 
tive warship possible for the 
navy. If the inquiry finds 
serious faults in the decision- 
making, the navy should be 
prepared to re-examine the 
options for its fleet of surface 
escorts. This country has a 
sorry reputation for wasting its 
inventive genius by bureau- 
cratic ineptitude and lack of 
official imagination, litis is 
not necessarily the case this 
time. But the Government has 
a doty to make sure. 


Many voluntary organizations 
present a less alluring face 
when they gather for annual 
conference. The recent Police 
Federation conference, is an 
example: did the angry 
speeches in the hall really 
reflect the views of the con- 
stable on the beat? A parallel 
question can be asked of the 
National Association of Head 
Teachers meeting in Wales 
this week. 

Heads cannot afford ir- 
responsibility. They, not the 
teachers nor education officers 
nor governors, have to decide 
to keep schools open and to 
look after the children when 
there is no lunchtime cover. 
The jarring language of ex- 
tremism, occasionally heard 
this week, does not suit them. 
The NAHT is a voice which 
both parents and politicians 
ought to listen to. 

The message it delivered 
concerned salaries for teachers 
and the new 16-plus examina- 
tion. Teachers' pay cannot be 
shelved, but, as long as talks 
between councils and teachers’ 
leaders are taking place under 
the auspices of Acas, there is 

little the Government need 
directly do. The General 
Certificate of Secondary 
Education is different . 

The GCSE is no ideal re- 
form. It has a mixed parentage, 
owing too much to misplaced 
egalitarianism and too little to 
a creative effort to provide a 
vocationally oriental school- 
leaving qualification. But in 
the last few months the 
examination has been the 
subject of a rhetorical war. The 
speech makers — teachers’ 
representatives for the most 
part — who have made threats, 
must be called irresponsible. 
They have sown doubt in the 
minds of parents whether 
September will see the 
examination up and running. 

Mr Hart of the NAHT and 
his colleagues in the main 
talked instead of practical 
possibilities. The GCSE can 
get off the ground, in time, if 
groundwork is done now and 
in die summer holiday; if 
books are bought, and teachers 
geared up. They even put a 
price tag on it. 

Thd government is entitled 
to question the figure. But the 

ha g glin g should be brief The 
Government has already rec- 
ognized its duty to pay the 
incremental costs arising from 
the reform. It is evident that 
new syllabuses will be re- 
quired. New marking disci- 
pline will require teachers to 
re-think procedure, to take 
time out at teachers’ courses. 

Yesterday a conciliatory Mr 
Patten insinuated that more 
money might be forthcoming. 
As important as the 
arithmetic, however, is the 
method of spending. The 
GCSE is a candidate for 
speedy action of the kind 
needed if the Government is to 
accomplish two ends. One of 
these is the ambition to be seen 
by the public to be ameliorat- 
ing public services. 

The other matters more. It is 
to restore to classrooms, 
school common rooms, and 
local authority offices, not just 
a sense of common purpose 
but vitality as welL It is 
difficult to resist the conclu- 
sion of the headteachers that 
such new spirit will have to be 
purchased with extra public 


It is reported that the National 
Front has been writing to 
members of the Militant Ten- 
dency in Liverpool, urging 
them to abandon their present 
political allegiance and cleave 
to the NF instead. And there is 
method — not much, but some 
— in their apparent madness; 
the NF has been pointing out, 
it seems, that both groups 
draw their main support from 
the same areas of the working 
cl ass, and that both oppose the 
sinister and brutal activities of 
the capitalists. If any Mi lita n t, 
therefore, has become disillu- 
sioned with his leaders (and it 
has to be said that Mr Derek 
Hatton does wear some sus- 
piciously capitalist suits), there 
will be a welcome waiting for 
him at the rival shop as soon as 
he has crossed the road. 

Those who think that the 
Militant Tendency and the 
National Front would always 
be uneasy bedfellows should 
understand that once a man 
has sufficiently parted com- 
pany with reason to embrace 
either of these curious doo- 
trines, it will require no great 
leap for him to change it for 
the other. A man who believes 
that the earth is flat can more 
easily be persuaded that ft is 
cylindrical than a man who 
obstinately continues to be- 
lieve that "ft is round. 

The fissi parousness of 
political extremists has been 
often remarked upon, and has 

as often given the rest of us 
much' comfort, but there is 
even more to be had from the 
knowledge that on points of 
doctrine quite invisible to the 
rest of us they hate each other 
far more than those who reject - 
them ah. But the invisibility of 
the differences is even more 
remarkable than the hate; 
Chesterton thought ft matter 
for wonder when he found a 
man who “could tell the 
difference between Mr As- 
quith and Mr Balfour, but 
could not tell one kind of 
Socialist from another kind of 
Socialist”, and it has got a 
great deal worse (or, depend- 
ing on which way yon look at 
it, better) since. 

In bis pamphlet Tracts for 
the Times, published in 1983, 
Mr Charles El well attempted a 
complete catalogue raisonni 
of the groups of the extremist 
left; he might as well have tried 
to take a census of the mayfly 
population, and his study 
must have been out of date 
before the rod ink was dry on 
it. But those who are content 
to read ft for its poetry rather 
than its political guidance can 
still enjoy such majestic pas- 
sages as: 

the Communist Peaty, the 
Hew Communist Party, the 
Militant Tendency,, the Social- 
ist Organiser Alliance, the 
Workers’ Socialist League, the 
Socialist Workers’ Party : the 
international Marxist Group, 

the Workers' Revolutionary 
Party, the Chartist Collective . 
the Workers' Power Group, the 
Revolutionary Communist 
Party, the International Com- 
munist Current, the Big 
Flame, the Black Unity and 
Freedom Party, the Revolu- 
tionary Communist Group, the 
Spartacist League, the 
Workers' Party, the Revolu- 
tionary Communbt League of 
Great Britain, the Revolu- 
tionary Communist Party of 
Britain, and the Communist 
Party of Britain (Marxist- 

No doubt half of those 
organisations have long ceased 
to exist, but no doubt as many 
more have sprung up to re- 
place them. Surely among all 
tbat mutual reading of 
anathemas there must be 
many a potential recruit for 
the National Front, and per- 
haps vice versa; there is no 
reason to suppose that the 
extremists of the right love 
each other any more than 
those of the left 

Stir well and season to taste; 
meanwhile, those whose poli- 
tics stop well before they get to 
the, wilder shores can breathe 
more easily. And, breathing, 
can murmur the traditional 
prayer of the third candidate at 
an American Presidential 
Convention while the leading 
two are squaring up: a good 
dean fight, and no survivors. 


Fresh approach to family breakdown Hard facts on 

From Mr John Jillings 
Sir, An adversarial approach to 
the resolution of family disputes 
involves a contradiction in terms. 
The way in which our courts are 
structured still reflects a 
judgemental approach to marital 
breakdown, which can only serve 
to heighten the almost inevitable 
conflict between partners faced by 
the collapse of their relationship. 

Is the objective to parade dis- 
cord, thereby helping to entrench 
it? Is it not possible to help 
towards disengagement? Your 
own conclusions (leading article. 
May 15) seem altogether too 

Chief Judge Trapski recently 
and convincingly described the 
work of family courts in New 
Zealand. There the approach is 
based on the dear recognition that 
family breakdown is accompanied 
by severe and intense emotions. 
The objective is to ameliorate 
these feelings and to help the 
parties to reach positions in which 
they can live their future lives 
constructively. That process in- 
volves engaging the partners in a 
discourse aimed at working out 
their own solutions to their own 
problems, the welfare of the 
children being the first and para- 
mount consideration. . 

Trapski asserts that an analysis 
of outcomes for 1982-83 presents 
an encouraging picture: 19 per 
cent resumed their marriage de- 
spite having filed an application; 
39 per cent resolved the issues 
without resort to the formal stage 
of a fell court hearing; 16 per cent 
came before die court for formal 
resolution of part of the problem; 
26 percent reached no agreement, 
so that a judicial settlement was 

Surely statistics of that kind 
suggest a long hard look at 
alternatives to our present frame- 
work. The interdepartmental re- 
view of family and domestic 
jurisdiction provides an ideal 

Yours faithfully, 


The Old Rectory, 


Matlock, Derbyshire. 

May 17. 

From Mr J. B. Chapman 
Sir, Your leader on the family 
courts proposals (May 15) missed 
the point of the sentence quoted 
from the 1 974 Finer report, and its 
reasoning was thereby basically 

It was certainly stated by Finer, 
as you point out, that “the 
individual in the family court 
must in the last resort remain the 
subject of rights, not the object of 
assistance". But the operative 
words were clearly “in the last 

No one would deny the right of 
a separating couple who cannot 
agree about the future of their 
children to seek the adjudication 
of the court. However, what 
advocates of family courts with a 
conciliation facility have learnt 
from experience is that in the great 
majority of cases the couple can, 
given help, reach their own 
derisons in the best interests of 
their chitdren. They can thus 
arrive at an agreement by consent 
which the court will approve and 

Surely this procedure is pref- 
erable to the interminable legal 
wrangles which have often caused 
such emotional distress to both 
parents and children. 

Yours faithfully, 


Romany Cottage, 


Winchester. Hampshire. 

From Mr Allan R. Armbrister 
Sir, The statement in your leader 
of May 15 tbat magistrates may 
not transfer domestic cases to a 
higher court, no matter how 
difficult or unsuitable they may be 
for adjudication, is somewhat 

When the domestic court 
considers that any matter con- 
tained in an application for an 
order of maintenance, custody, 
adoption or custodianship, would 
be more conveniently dealt with 
by the High Court, it must refuse 
to make any such order. 

Yours faithfully. 


81 A Main Street, 



South African raids 

From Mr Lloyd N. Coder 
Sir, David Watt's “Botha does a 
Reagan” (May 23) is somewhat off 
the mark. The American attacks 
on Tripoli and Benghazi may be 
open to legitimate criticism, both 
as to strategic wisdom and tactical 
choice of urban targets, but there 
can be no doubt of their legality 
under international law. 

The Government of Libya was 
directly responsible for a delib- 
erate and illegal attack on Ameri- 
can military personnel in Berlin. 
The evidence of this is so convinc- 
ing that the United States went so 
far as to compromise a valuable 
intelligence source in order to lay 
that evidence before the world. 
Any nation whose armed forces 
are attacked by another nation in 
violation of the UN Charter has 
the legal right to take a propor- 
tionate military reprisal. 

In contrast. South Africa 
presents no evidence that the 
governments of Zimbabwe, Zam- 
bia and Botswana have been 
directly responsible for deliberate 
attacks on the South African 
armed forces. At most, these states 
are responsible for allowing the 
ANC a sanctuary within their 
borders, an art which does not 
violate the Charter. 

The proper comparison is not 
with Reagan and Gadaffi but with 
Israel when it bombed the PLO 
headquarters in Tunisia. That 
attack, and South Africa's recent 
attacks on its neighbors, were 
indeed violations of international 

Yours faithfully, 


Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering. 
1666 K. Street, NW, 

Washington. DC 20006. 

May 23. 

Concern on salmon 

From the Director of the Salmon & 
Trout Association 
Sir, Whilst not wishing to be at 
odds with such an experienced 
observer of the salmon scene as 
your correspondent. Conrad Voss 
Bark (article, May 22), I think it is 
important that a distinction 
should be drawn between the 
catches of salmon and the stocks. 

Large catches do not necessarily 
mean a proportionately large 
escapement of fish to spawn. The 
converse might even be true, if the 
larger catches have resulted from 
more intensive, or more effective, 
fishing effort. 

As the Hunter Committee of 
1965 pointed oat, ideally the 
counting of fish entering rivers is 
necessary for the proper manage- 
ment of this valuable resource. 
This is why the Salmon and Trout 
Association, in company with 
others, is calling for an end to 
those methods of fishing which 
intercept fish in the seas or around 
the coasts, namely drift and 
coastal netting. 

These fisheries are cropping 
indiscriminately and will be tak- 
ing fish from a number of different 
rivers, some of them far removed 

from the nets to which they fall 

Thus the effect of catches on the 
stocks of individual rivers cannot 
be accurately assessed and the 
result of over-fishing may only be 
apparent when it is too late, 
bearing in mind the complex 4-8 
year life-cycle of the salmon. 

But those who watch the rivers, 
the bailiffs, ghi flies, proprietors 
and tenant anglers, can also make 
a judgment on stocks, based on the 
evidence of their eyes. One in- 
dicator of stock levels is the count 
of dead kelts (Le., those salmon 
which have spawned, are attempt- 
ing to return to the sea and die on 
the way). 

On the Aberdeenshire Dee from 
1974 to 78 the kelt count was, on 
average, 5,000 a year. In the last 
five years it has dropped to an 
average of around 1 ,000. Last year 
it was 593. This dead kelt count is 
corroborated by the count of live 
kelts taken by rod and line. 

So much, then, for a brighter 

Yours sincerely, 

The Salmon & Trout Association, 
Fishmongers’ Hall 
London Bridge, EC4. 

May 23. 

Waiting for sleep 

From Mrs Judy Martin 
Sir, Is it more common to lie with 
eyes open while waiting to fall 
asleep or to close them? I thought 
only babies kept them open 
(which explains why they never 
fail to realise you are leaving the 
room after putting them to bed, 
even though it's pitch dark and 
you are on tiptoe). 

However, on taking a survey of 
adult friends. 1 find that most of 
them do not automatically close 
their eyes on lying down. Surely 
sleep comes quicker if your eyes 
are closed? What do your other 
readers do? 

Yours faithfully, 


139 Piccadilly, Wl. 

Tourist boycott 

From Professor Joseph B. Aceves 
Sir, Most people go on holiday to 
have fun. Yes, that most un- 
Victorian of activities, simple 
plain fen. As a temporarily res- 
ident American. I submit (1) that 
people act according to their 
perceptions however “rational” or 
-‘irrational” they may appear to 
others, and (2) that this year in 
America there is a widespread 
perception that Europe, including 
die UK, is somewhat dangerous 
and therefore not a “fun place”. 
Yours faithfully. 


255 Horwood Flats. 

Keele University. . 

Keele, Staffordshire. 

May 27. 

A vintage run 

From Ms Patricia Tyrrell 
Sir. Perhaps Professor Riley (May 
23) wfl] be kind enough to tell us in 
which branch of Sainsbury's he 
makes his trolley runs. 

I will then, since 2 value the 
integrity of my bone-structure, 
avoid that branch. 

Yours truly, 

3 Alma Place. 

Middle Street. 

Padstow, Cornwall. 

May 23. 

Answering back 

From The Saved I dries Shah 
Sir. In the Middle East the 
courtesies relating to giving and 
receiving gifts are encapsulated in 
a saying attributed to my ancestor, 
the Caliph Aii in Abi-Talib: 

In conduct, one thing is worse than 
failing to acknowledge a gift — and 
that is to remember that you have 
given one. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Athenaeum. 

Pall Mall SW1. 

nurses pay 

From the General Secretary of the 
Royal College of Nursing 
Sir, Your leader on May 23, 
“Undeserving cases” suggests 
that the Government's attitude to 
nurses' pay is governed by senti- 
mental feelings and that what is 
needed is hard facts on recruit- 
ment and retention. It fails to 
recognise the demographic time 
bomb ticking away under nursing. 
The review body itself made the 
following comment: 

... the NHS is a near monopoly 
employer controlling both supply 
and demand. In that situation the 
absence of general difficulties in 
recruitment and retention is in- 
sufficient evidence of the adequacy 
of pay levels. 

The basic take home pay of a 
staff nurse, who has trained for 
three years, is still only £86.78 
after this recent rise. 

Earlier this year the Public 
Accounts Committee looked at 
nursing manpower and identified 
a serious threat of a nursing 
shortage within the next few years 
as the number of 18-year-olds 
coming out of our schools drops 
dramatically. This demographic 
time bomb will require many 
solutions, but one of them will 
undoubtedly have to be a better 
level of pay to persuade people to 
remain in nursing. 

Unless the Government em- 
barks on a systematic improve- 
ment of the level of nurses' pay 
there will be serious manpower 
shortages by the end of this 
decade. There has to be some 
recognition that nurses give a 
significant commitment to society 
and the majority in society would 
wish their Government to 
recognise that commitment in 

What we have in nursing is not a 
free market, but a monopoly 
employer taking advantage of its 
position against a background of 
economic difficulties. But time is 
Tunning out Already even some of 
the London teaching hospitals are 
failing to attract sufficient stu- 
dents and very little is being done 
throughout the whole NHS to 
retain qualified staff. 

I wonder if the pay of Times 
leader writers is based on the 
availability of people willing to do 
the job. If it were I suspect they 
would be paid about the same as a 
staff nurse. 

Yours faithfully. 


General Secretary. 

Royal College of Nursing, 

20 Cavendish Square, Wl. 

May 23. 

Muzzled by Macaw 

From Mr Guy Roberts 
Sir. Michael McCarthy's excellent 
article (May 23) on Mr Jonathan 
Savery's experiences with the 
“anti-racist" black group Macaw 
(Multi-cultural Education Afro- 
Caribbean and Asian Workers’ 
Group) hi Bristol highlights the 
growing problems created by such 

While at Leeds University. I 
and many other Conservatives ran 
imo similar opposition from the 
prominent “anti-racist” establish- 
ment that runs the majority of our 
student unions. I was, for exam- 
ple, despite my sincere stated 
opposition to the apartheid regime 
in South Africa, loudly accused, 
both verbally and in print, of 
“racism” for my condemnation of 
the violent methods employed by 
the African National Congress, 
and was physically attacked at the 
National Union of Students con- 
ference, when I called for the 
ending of the controversial “no 
platform for racists and fascists” 

Is it not time for the obnoxious 
idea of “positive" (ie anti-white) 
discrimination to be abandoned 
once and for all in favour of true 
freedom of speech? 

I remain yours etc, 


34 Quarrendon Street, SW6. 

Use of farm subsidies 

From Mr T. B. Mills 
Sir. Ronald Butt, in his article on 
Europe's common agricultural 
policy (May 22), questions 
whether any government could 
contemplate the demise of the 
smaller fanners and the trans- 
formation of the countryside into 
dormitory suburbs. 

Unfortunately, this is exactly 
what has been happening, and 
wbat will continue to happen as 
long as the agricultural subsidies 
are related to the amounts of food 
produced, rather than to the 
methods of production involved. 

Ronald Bun goes on to quote 
Sir Geoffrey Howe as saying “It is 
a fallacy to think that sun. soil and 
rain are not sufficient; that mod- 
ern agriculture needs taxpayers' 
money as welL” 

Undoubtedly. Sir Geoffrey has a 
point: excellent food can be pro- 
duced using sun, soil and water 
only (provided the organic resi- 
dues are re-cycled within the 
system). However, few farmers 
can contemplate this, as the labour 
costs are greater and the yields are 
less, and business is business, as 
Sir Geoffrey undoubtedly knows. 

Nevertheless, whilst the food 
mountains continue to grow and 
the unemployment figures con- 
tinue to rise, there seems an 
excellent case for using the subsidy 
system lo encourage a change in 
this direction. 

Yours faithfully, 


Walcombe Farm. 




May 23. 


MAY 31 1848 

Although the London 
demonstration in April, 1843 
might be taken as the last outburst f> 
of Chartism on a national scale 
(On This Day April 11, 198S), 
social unrest was still strong 
enough in the north of England 
for the movement to make itself 
violently felt six weeks later. 


... The evil counsels of the worst 
of the Chartist leaders appear to 
have taken root amongst large 
classes of the operatives of the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, and the 
peace of several of the principal 
manufacturing towns, particularly 
Bradford and Bingley, has been 
more or less disturbed during the 
last few days. Owing to the 
depression of the worsted manu- 
facture, and the introduction of 
machinery that b as superseded the 
use of manual labour in the process 
of woolcombing, much distress and 
suffering have for a considerable 
time been experienced by the 
manufacturing operatives. Hence 
they have — more perhaps in a 
spirit of desperation than by any 
well-grounded in the principles of 
Chartism — followed the advice of 
the advocates of physical force, and 
imitated the pike and drilling 
preparations of the Young Ireland 
party in the sister country. The 
local authorities in the different 
towns of foe Riding, aided by 
advice from the Home Office, and 
foe assistance of foe military, are 
fully prepared to put down any 
attempt which may be made upon 
foe peace and property of foe well 
affected . ■ - 

The authorities have for some 
time been aware that foe Chartists 
at Halifax. Bradford. Bingley and 
other towns in foe Riding, were 
arming and enrolling themselves in 
dubs which they call “Life and 
Property Protection Societies" or 
“National Guards”, and that these 
dubs regularly assemble, both in 
and out of foe towns, for the 
purpose of being drilled in militar y 
evolutions, and especially in foe 
use of the pike, large quantities of 
which weapons, it is understood, 
have l 1 "*" made in different parts 
of the district Bradford has been 
the chief seat of these ill e gal 
proceedings, foe principal actors in 
which have over and over again 
avowed their determination to 
shirk no conflict with the civil or 
military authorities when, as they 
naiH foe tim» rump for action. 

On Sunday a very large gather- 
ing of the advocates of foe “six 
points" took place at Wilsden, and 
those assembled openly practised 
training and drilling. From 2,000 to 

3.000 men. armed chiefly with 
bludgeons, and the different ranks 
preceded in many cases by black 
banners surmounted with pike 
heads, marched in military array 
upon the ground, and went through 
various evolutions . . . The determi- 
nation was then expressed of 
resisting by arms any attempt by 
foe authorities to capture the 
leaders; and the chairman told h» 
followers that the infantry brought 
into Bradford would do good to foe 
Chartists, as the latter could now 
arm themselves cheaply by disarm- 
ing the military . . . There were 
several violent speeches delivered, 
and the assembly, who stood the 
pelting of a terrific storm of 
lightning, th under , hail and rain, 
marched back to their respective 
towns in the same military order in 
which they went to the meeting . . . 

The magistrates at Bradford bad 
not been idle in the meanwhile. 
About 2,000 special constables, 
including m en of all ranks, were 
sworn in. The police force were 
armed with cutlasses, and two 
companies of the 39th Regiment, 
two troops of the 5th Dragoon 
Guards, and about 30 of foe Royal 
Horse Artillery, were dispatched 
on Saturday from Leeds, and two 
companies of foe 81 st were ordered 
up from Hull . . . 

The first act of real outrage on 
the peace of the district had been 
perpetrated at Bingley on Friday, 
when two Chartist leaders were 
captured by the police on the 
charge of drifting some “National 
Guards" and taken before a magis- 
trate resident in the district, by 
whom they were committed to 
York Castle for trial. As soon as the 
capture of the two leaders became 
known the alarm was sounded to 
their foolish followers, and upon 
the police attempting to convey the 
prisoners to the railway station, 
they were surrounded by some 

2.000 persons, who beat them 
dreadfully and rescued the two 
fellows from custody, and they got 
claar off . . . 

On Monday at 4 o'clock the 
whole .of Bradford police force 
marched from the Court-house: 
they were followed by 1,000 special 
constables, foe mayor and magis- 
trates, 200 infantry with fixed 
bayonets and two troops of dra- 
goons . . . the supremacy of the law 
demonstrated, foe forces returned 
to the Court-house, where precau- 
tions were taken to quell any 
outbreak that might be attempted 
during the night. Orders were 
issued to all publicans and 
beerhouse keepers to dose their 
houses at eight o'clock and, in 
order to enpower the military to act 
instanter if required, the Riot Act 
was read. 

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J 986. 






On the verge 

From Mr C Hart 
Sir. Does anyone know why the 
humble dandelion chooses to 
grow in greatest profusion in that 
narrow strip of grass verge which 
is nearest to the road surface? 

Is the soil at this point saltier 
after the winter, and do the 
dandelions like it better that way? 
Or are they trying to keep as far as 
possible away from the farmers' 

Yours faithfully, 


131 High Street, 

Brownhills, West Midlands. 

May 23. 







There is nothing on any 
channel more calculated to 
grind home the facts of mortal- 
ity than Your Life m Their 
Roads (BBC2). Battalions of 
hitherto unsuspected symp- 
toms riot before the inner eye 
— perhaps because the outer 
eye is so horribly hooked on 
the full colour mayhem on 
screen. How can they do all 
this to someone who is still 

Last night a 78-year-old 
patient suffering from (and 1 
quote) an abdominal aortic 
aneurism was shown having “a 
knife-long incision” made 
down his thorax, and — after a 
passage in which ft was kinder 
to oneself to think of 
maccaroni napotitana rather 
than of a batcher's window — a 
sort of hollow haggis in his 
middle was replaced with a 
length of dacron (though not 
the threatened “trouser 

Surgeons are popularly be- 
lieved to be as arrogant as 
barristers, so it was a neat 
piece of PR when die kindly 
woman responsible for this 
trenchant work polled back 
from the brink of dedaring 
“the operation went very 
well”; It went, instead, “quite 

D. A. Pennebaker’s seminal 
documentary Don’t Look Back 
(BBC1) afforded a welcome 
opportunity to relive the spiky 
charms of 1965. On his first 
tour of England Bob Dylan 
was still treading the dicey 
tightrope between “folk” and 
the sensational rode and roll 
he would later produce with 
the Ur-Band, The Hawks. The 
music, however, took second 
place to the film's appealing 
height into the early courtship 
between Pop and Ideas — a 
onion which was later to 
spawn entire libraries of prof- 
itable cant 

“Now they're calling yon an 
anarchist", paired Dylan's ur- 
sine manager Albert 
Grossman as together they 
combed the English press for 
straws blowing in die publicity 
wind. Cash through chaos — 
well, it had to start 

Martin Cropper 

Horowitz appears at the Festival Hall tomorrow after a triumphant 
tour of Russia and West Germany. While he was being feted in Berlin 
this week, he spoke to Richard Morrison in this exclusive interview 

Horowitz on a high 

Like a monarch on a royal barge, 
Vladimir Horowitz acknowledges 
the startled recognition of wind- 
surfers and yachtsmen with a 
cheerful wiggle of the world's most 
famous fingers. He is on board a 
River Havel pleasure cruiser, spe- 
cially comandeered by the West 
Berlin Senate to entertain the visitor 
who so richly entertained Berlin In 
two extraordinary recitals last week. 

City officials proudly give the 81- 
year-old pianist an impromptu 
commentary on his surroundings, 
even cataloguing the species of fish 
in the river. “No Dover sole?" 
inquires someone mischievously. In 
the last few days Berlin arts admin- 
istrators have become all too sensi- 
tive to the perfect conditions 
needed to coax Horowitz on to the 
concert platform. His insistence on 
consuming only fresh Dover sole 
before performing is one of his 
easier demands. 

On shore a gentleman from the 
popular end of the West German 
press, detailed to tail Horowitz as if 
he were a pop star (which be is), 
carries out his commission with the 
aid of a long-range camera lens. 
Horowitz is, one feels, not dis- 
pleased by his return to the gossip- 
column eminence he commanded 
in his flamboyant youth. “You 
know the other evening I went to 
the casino? They wrote that I won 
4,000 marks. All I did was play a 
little blackjack.” 

Such treatment is unique for a 
classical musician on tour, but then 
Horowitz is no ordinary musician, 
and this is no ordinary tour. A 
month ago he returned to Russia for 
the first time in 61 years, giving 
recitals in Moscow and Leningrad 

that produced unprecedented 
scenes from the normally reserved 
Soviet audiences. Then he recon- 
quered Hamburg and Berlin, his 
first concerts there since the war. 
Now his wife, his entourage and of 
course his pianos (be only plays his 
own) were about to move on to 
London, for a Festival Hail concert 

His choice of venue is highly 
significant The tour deliberately 
recreates the momentous journey 
made by the Kiev-born pianist in 
1923 when be decided to leave his 
native land and seek feme and 
fortune in the West “Yes, I am 
repeating my first footsteps: Russia, 
Hamburg, Berlin. London is my 

We bad talked earlier in a Berlin 
hotel suite. Horowitz, wearing bow- 
tie and matching handkerchief as 
always, was sunk in a deep arm- 
chair. By contrast his wife, the 
formidable Wanda, sat straight- 
backed opposite, alert for any sign 
of impertinence from interviewer or 
Indiscretion from interviewee. 
Their wedding in 1933 astonished 
friends, who predicted it would not 
last. Horowitz was thought of as a 
confirmed bachelor; it was unkindly 
suggested that he married 
Toscanini's daughter in order to 
learn how to perform Beethoven. 
Fifty years on, he still rarely plays 
Beethoven but the marriage has 
lasted, despite severe tests. The 
tragic death of their daughter Sonia 
was the most traumatic. But 
Horowitz's own acute nervous de- 
pressions and illnesses — though 
they may have not have harmed ms 
professional reputation (indeed, his 
tone retirements from the concert - 

The meeting with Scriabin's daughter 

platform, from 1936 to 1939 and 
again from 1933 to 1965, have 
perhaps added to his mystique) — 
also needed every bit of Wanda's 

His reception in Russia dearly 
overwhelmed even a pianist used to 
adulation. “I have an American 
passport but a Russian sour”, he 
said. “On you imagine what it was 
like going back after 60 years? I met 
this very old lady. It was my niece. 
She was nine when I left”) and met 
others who represented links with 
his upbrin g in g , among them the 
daughter ofScnatnn. Shortly before 
his death the composer heard the 
10-year-old Horowitz play. “The 
Russians presented me with a 
Scriabin manuscript”, says Horo- 
witz. “Facsimile”, corrects Wanda. 

The pianist's only disappoint- 
ment was the cold shoulder he 
received from the Soviet authori- 
ties. Although his visit was one of 
the first fruits of the new US-USSR 
cultural exchange agreement (“Rear 
gan gave me his benediction before I 
travelled”, says Horowitz, drily), it 
unfortunately coincided with the 
bombing of Libya, and receptions 
for the pianist were officially boy- 
cotted. But there was nothing cold 
about the audience's response. 
“And you know the more an 
audience likes me, the more I like 

Forty years ago, at the height of 
his American fame, Horowitz divid- 
ed critical opinion sharply. Those 
who thought the stupendous tech- 
nique of the “Tornado from the 
steppes” carried him to unchal- 
lenged heights were typified by the 
Manchester Guardian critic Neville 
Cardus, whose famous 1933 acco- 
lade of Horowitz as “the greatest 
pianist alive or dead” is still proudly 
recalled by its recipient. (Cardus 
later claimed that the description 
was an example of English irony in 
the face of American hyperbole, but 
it was too late.) Horowitz was a 
magnet for such superlatives. 

One the other hand, what some 
saw as his ultra- Romantic bending 
(or even obliteration) of the 
composer’s wishes in the cause of 
his own virtuosity has brought him 
some stinking reviews. The Chopin 
playing at his 1927 London debut, 
for instance, was described by The 
Times as “execrable”, “horribly 
noisy” and “very tiring on the ear”. 


Exhibition 1986 
Royal Academy of 

A pause at the piano, sporting the customary bow-tie 

’ It is no surprise, then, that Horowitz 
now says he bolds music critics in 
contempt. As probably the highest- 
paid instrumentalist in the world he 
can certainly afford to do so. Exactly 
how much he earns on each of his 
rare appearances is, as Horowitz 
would say, “a big military secret”. 

Whether or not he despises the 
critics, Horowitz now plays for less 
of the spectacular virtuoso reper- 
toire — his glittering transcriptions 
of Carmen themes or The Star- 
Spangled Banner ; for instance. 
“Don’t forget it was 60 years ago 
when I was making my name. 
Tastes were not as advanced as now. 
In those days, you had to make an 
out-of-town recital into Barn urn’s 
Graft. I have given up. all that 
pyrotechnic stuff; not because of old 
age but because of my changing 
tastes and aesthetics. Mozart is my 
god now." 

However, the quirky penchant for 
Scarlatti sonatas is still a feature of 
his recitals. When he first champi- 
oned the then-unknown Scarlatti, 
Horowitz took the matter very 
seriously, even inviting the Scarlatti 
scholar Ralph Kirkpatrick round to 
his Manhattan apartment to discuss 

I ask Horowitz about his recollec- 

tions of Britain. “Do they remem- 
ber me there? I must tell you 
frankly, I don't remember 
London.” But prompted by Wanda 
(“they have the pound coin now, 
that's very disagreeable. I think”) 
the memories came tumbling bade 
of Barbirolli (“I recommended him 
in America; I told them there was 
this -good accompanist”), of the 
Queen's HaH and particularly of 
Beecham, whom Horowitz does not 
exactly put on a par with Wanda's 
father. The problem was that they 
both made their New York Philhar- 
monic debuts at the same concert, 
and Tchaikovsky's First Piano Con- 
certo developed into a terrific tussle 
for supremacy over such basic 
matters as who finished first. Horo- 
witz recalls this memorable 1928 
occasion dearly. “Beecham, yes, be 
was eccentric. He tried to conduct 
without a score but it was not really 
in his range.” . 

By now Horowitz has thoroughly 
remembered Britain. “You know in 
the 1930s I used to play in 25 towns 
in Britain? Edinburgh, Manchester, 
Birmingham, Belfast-.”. “Newcas- 
tle, Liverpool”, chips in Wanda, 
with perceptibly less enthusiasm. 
“Everywhere.. .Bristol”, continues 
Horowitz. “Dundee”, says Wanda, 
with an air. of finality. 

No Otello from 
Sir Peter Hall 

Verdi’s Otello, with Pladdo 
Domingo in the title role, is 
likely to be seen at Covent 
Garden after all next season. It 
will not, though, now be 
directed by Sir Peter Hall, 
although it will use the' sets 
devised by Hall and his de- 
signer Sally Jacobs. 

The original new prodution 
of Otello scheduled for last 
January at the Royal Opera 
House had to be postponed 
when Domingo was forced to 
withdraw. Domingo's only 
available Otello dates for next 
season are in January, when 
Hall will be staging a new. 
Anthony and Cleopatra (with 
Judi Dench and Anthony 

Hopkins) at the Olivier The- 
atre. And Hall has decided to 
put the National first. Covent 
Garden now have the problem 
of finding another director of 
stature to take over the sets 
which have already been built 
That will be no easy task: 
directors are usually loath to 
use another’s design concepts. 

Hall and Domingo are like- 
ly to meet in Los Angeles next 
autumn, where an ambitious 
new opera project by the city 
involves a Salome (with Mar 
ria Ewing), staged by Hall, and 
an Otello with Domingo, but 
this time under the guidance 
of Gotz Friedrich. 



Voicing personal views 

You only need to hear the 
changeover that happens ev- 
ery weekday morning at 9 JO 
on Radio 2 to understand why 
the prime part of the morning 
sequence has been removed 
from Ken Bruce and handed 
over to Derek Jameson. At 
9.29 the current is ax full- 
power, lights blazing; by 9.31 
the voltage has dropped, the 
bulbs have gone a little dim. 
And yet this really isn't Mr 
Bruce's fault: since he took 
over from Wogan he has 
grown, but he simply does not 
command — or should it be is 
not commanded by? — the 
armour-plated, super-inflated 
personality that emanates 
over two hours and with 
undiminished vigour from Mr 

In fact I wouldn't care to 
spend any time at all alone 
with Mr Jameson on a desert 
island. Within two days he 
would have enrolled me as his 
audience or readership and be 
found addressing me from the 
nearest eminence through a 
loud-hailer improvised from 
half a coconut, or writing 'me 
campaigning editorials in the 
sand. Naturally the foci that 
each one vanished with the 
next tide would only stimulate 
his communicative ardour. 

Between the hours of 7.30 
and 9.30am however he does 
not merely bend the ear but 
nail it too. He possesses all the 
instincts of a successful popu- 
lar journalist so that what 
_ happens in between the music 

St. James’ Court still retains most of its original Victorian features. 
Courtesy and service in particular 

Sl J ames' Court occupies a superb position midway 
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Built at the turn of the century as a showcase of 
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styled rooms, suites and apartments. 

It offers a tantalising blend of Victorian opulence and 
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St. James' Court promises to be rather more than just 
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is almost never just another 
link. Without having even to 
think about it, he starts by 
getting your attention and 
what comes next is made to 
sound important even if it is 
essentially inconsequential 

The famous voice, of 
course, does not exactly hin- 
der him: it rings the right bells, 
sets off the positive associa- 
tions. Sounding tough and 
hard-headed, it conceals senti- 
mentality both in its tone and 
content but always persuades 
us that here’s a man to redeem 
with, heart in the right place, 
honest, plain-spoken, cockney 
coramon-sensica], contemptu- 
ous of cant A very different 
sound distinguishes the ap- 
pearance of J Kingston Phut 
(Radio 4, Friday, producer 
Pete Atkin). This is another 
kind of London accent flat 
and slightly nasal Charles 
Pooter is its model but Kings- 
ton Platt is, oh so recogniz- 
ably, one of those ageing 
actors who are fringe in the 
sense that they always have 
and always wfl] exist on the 
edges of the profession, usual- 
ly available, invariably hard- 
up. The name and voice 
conceal Peter Jones who is 
also writing the scripts for this 
series often fictitious showbiz 
memoirs. The first, about 
Platt's sufferings at the hands 
of a shameless sponger, was a 
real winner. The subdued 
personality of J Kingston 
shone through in an unwaver- 
ing grey light the phraseology 
(like Pooler’s) was both eco- 
nomical and accurate while 
remaining perfectly true to 
character. At first showing this 
series may prove to be on a par 
with Penge Papers (Radio 4; 
producer Matthew Walters), 
heard every morning last week 
on its transfer from Radio 3. 

Saint Cecilia, whose life 
history as given in my dictio- 
nary of saints is even more 
than usually replete with im- 
probable fictions, became a 
patroness of music only in the 
16th century. In her lifetime 
she is said to have been 
bethnuhed to a young Roman 
named Valerian, only to de- 
dare on her wedding day that 
she had consecrated her vir- 
ginity to God. After which 
Valerian probably needed all 
the valerian he could get My 
first impression of Gabriel 
Josipovici’s Ode to St CecBia 
(Radio 4, Tuesday, repeated 
Wednesday; director John 
Theocharis) was that it bad 
attempted to bring these two 
elements together. Sue, an 
oboist, refuses even to discuss 
Jerry’s offer of marriage, yet 
he and she are dose and 
affectionate. Consecration to 
music? No: later Sue turns out 
to have had a child by another 
man and to have abandoned 
music-.. Ah wen, I shall not 
worry over it enough to seek a 
course of sedatives: 

David Wade 



Angela Thorne and John Woodvme 

The gloom mountain 




On the face of it, a new 
translation of the seminal 
work of 1 9th century dramatic 
realism might appear as useful 
as a new method of storing the 
Common Market's agricultur- 
al surplus: handy enough in its 
way, but begging the question 
of originality. Arthur Kopit’s 
reverent contribution to the 
Scandinavian gloom moun- 
tain never entirely justifies his 

As he has explained, this is 
not a new translation at all 
Commissioned by the Kenne- 
dy Center five years ago, Mr 
Kopit simply went back to the 

which has no serious compre- 
hension of such a concept As 
a result the pastor is turned 
into a figure of fun whose 
strictures find recognition 
chiefly among thosfe who were 
raised in the early :decades of 
this century. Viewed as a 
dissection of hypocrisy, ur 
other words, it becomes little 
more than a treat for the old 
folks. ; 

Several infelicities obtrude. 
Manders's manipulation of 
Mrs Alving (Angela Thorne) 
over tiie question of insurance 
for the foundlings' home is 
taken at too brisk? a lick to be 
entirely convincing; Engst- 
rand’s Mackmaiung of the 
pastor over his alleged care- 
lessness with a catidle likewise 
stretches one's credulity; while 
Oswald's revelation to his 

standard ' William Archer “°£f ^ 

t rans lation and (with the help sprrochaete of 

of Liv U liman, who was to 
assume the role of Mrs Alving 
in the opening production) 
wrote a version which, we are 
assured, is truer to Ibsen's 
original intentions and does 
away with the “stilted and 
bombastic and contrived” as- 
pects of the more familiar 
English text. 

The script employed in 
Justm Greene’s capable pro- 
duction flows freely enough, 
and the humorous passages, 
particularly those involving 
Peter Kelly's wheedling Jacob 
Engstrand and John 

WoodvineV stuffy Pastor 
Manders (a quirky portrait of 
beleaguered smugness), are 
given full rein — albeit in a 
fairly routine sitcom fashion. 

The more light is cast on the 
text, however, the more of a 
period piece it seems to be. It 
is not amply that Mr Kopit 
has found no modern equiva- 
lent for Engstrand’s favoured 
“JesuT (a locution which 
many might rather associate 
with Coleridge); or that, for 
instance, when he expostu- 
lates “Devil take me 1 .” he is 
urged to “stop swearing”; 
Perhaps it cannot be helped: 
certainly, there can be no 
adequate substitute for the 
word “immorality” in an age 

’ * j 

syphiHis, coming] as it does in 
two widely separated instal- 
ments, requires bore careful 
pacing if the second budget of 
unwelcome news is not to 
reveal Mrs Alving as unusual- 
ly obtuse. 1 ‘ 

Douglas Hod&e plays the 
unfortunate young prodigal 
with a nice edge of hysteria. ' 

Martin Cropper 

In as two hundred and eigh- 
teenth year, the Royal 
.Academy’s Swaer Show 
(which opens tomorrow and 
runs until August 24) can 
hardly be expected to come up 
with many surprises - except, 
perhaps, the perennial sur- 
prise of finding it, by and 
forge, an %TC*fsle experience. 

Thai, tins year, it is. There 
arc shgbtiy fewer works on 
show than last year —1^93 a* 
against 1,712— and foe effect 
is decidedlly lightening. 
Among the pins factors this 
year is an abstract room 
(GaHery IV) which looks more 
than halfway decent probably 
because die big gnosof ab- 
straction (or at feast semi- 
abstraction) are concentrated 
there, with some very fine 
Pasmores and some very typi- 
cal Hoylands as well as new 
works by soch as Ifoul Huxley 
and Anthony Whishaw. repre- 
senting the new vitality to be 
observed in British fan^scape- 
based lyrical abstraction. Sca^ 
ably, the Sandra Blows, which 
look this year even more 
flimsy than usual, are scat- 
tered around elsewhere. Of 
course, Pasmorcand Hoyland 
areRAs now, and Whishaw an 
ARA. so picsam&bfy we can 
ex pret this kind of abstraction 
to become one more strand of 
the academic tradition, which 
is just as it should be. 

lire more traditional lands 
of RA are unusually wdl 
displayed this year, 
landscapist/cofoorists like 
Robert Buhlcr and Fred 
Cuming immediately -com- - 
maud attention as yon enter 
any room where they are 
and such individual 
as Edward Bowden and 
Richard Eurich (both in their 
eighties) are as vital and 
unpredictable as ever. Bawden 
this year has a number of 
watercolour studies for tapes- 
try, broadening his style for • 
thepurposewmfe remaining-' 
immediately identifiable, and 
Enrich continues to ring the 
on his gfowing beach 
scenes with such energy and - 
invention that each new one : 
seems like the first one has 

OWL ideas die hard, and it 
stiH comes asa slight shock to 
see Alien Jones's naughty = 
ladies and enthusiastically in- 
terested men disporting them- 
selves on die walls of the 
h- eves if he is an 
AR&Kitafis more historical- 
ly-minded pictures, hire his 
monochrome The Maher, fit 
more comfortably, and so do 
Hockney’s large new colour 
lithographs, though anyone 
thinking to make a nice cheap 
purchase : will get a nasty shock 
at the prices (£10,000 or more 
for one in an edition of 98). 
There are also immediately . 
recognizable Bratbys from his 
Venetian series, Anthony 
Greens celebrating yet again ' 
his overheated youth in pro- 
vincial France, a Craigie 
Aitchison Crucifixion and so 

on — all pleasant to see i 
though unsurprising. Of the 
other veterans Kyffin Wil- 
liams shows to particular ad- 
van tags with a group of 
bleakly beautiful landscapes. 

Not too many young sparks > 
in .evidence, or at any rate 
forcing themselves on our 
attention. Glynn Boyd Harte 
(but of course) already looks at 
home with a watercolour 
called Edmunds 78s, and there 
are quite a number of Spence- 
rian fantasists working in 
much the style of Alan Dyer’s ■ 
Garden Recollection, I lilted a 
couple of powerful drawings 
of beach scenes by Fiances I 
Edwards; and it is good to see ; 
Mick Rooney among this' 
year’s prize-winners. There is 
nothing, really, to starde, but a 
lot quietly to enjoy. 

John Russell 



His bust of Cardinal dal. Fozzo 
has been bought by the 
National Gallery of Scotland to 
take up permanent residence 
on the Mound in Edinburgh. 

Its purchase is a triumphant 
addition to Scotland's cultural - 

Come and see it fcr yourself. 
Open Mon/Sat 105, Son 2-5. 
Ad mi ssio n Free. 


11-28 June 
Box Office: 01-278 8916 (5 fines) 

Ballet Rambert present 4 innovative 
programmes to celebrate their 
Diamond Jubilee. 
Vtorid pramferes Include work 
by Michael ClaiK fan Spink,: 
Ashley Rage & Christopher 
Bruce. London premfees: 
. . .feature Glen Tetley, 
May Evelyn & 
Richard Alston. 
T» Jun e. 6om gifthdey 
• _ r ptttomiflfMlnihftfFBtiuur 
WsencsofHMOi*^: ‘ 


* * * * * St 

Vr*ij. N 



May 31-June 6, 1986 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Enter stage right, one movie star 

/~Yr» a cmrtll .i ' _ Hayn»» __ __ 

. ‘ ‘is* 

t-zr-r • r 


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■.i‘ U+r/; 

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IH it 

Sf* 1 

On a small stage away from the West 
End, Faye Dunaway is joining thg 
ranks of film stars who are taVir. £ 
a screen break to return to the staop 
Sheridan Morley on a growing tr^ 

Next week Faye Dunaway 
makes her European stage 
debut in CTree and Bravo, 
Donald Freed's new play at 
Hampstead TheatreThougb 

Gabler or 


appearance before Sweet Bird 
o/ToutA had been in a musical 
version of AM About Eve called 

test known for smfo movws as Applause a decade ago. 

Bonnie and Clyde. The Thom- 
as Crown Affair, Chinatown, 
and Network for which she 
won her Oscar, the 45-year- 
old Miss Dunaway is from a 
stage background and is the 
latest in a long line of screen 
stars making their way back to 
the boards. Perhaps the time 
has come for the Rngifeh 
theatre to adopt MGM*s old 

So precisely what were ad- 
vance bookers buying into at 
that Haymarket box-office be- 
fore any reviews a ppeared? 
Some, who knew the play 
already, might well have teen 
booking in the foreknowledge 
that Miss Bacall was wonder- 
ful casting as Alexandra dd 
Lago, the Princess Kosmo- 
nopolis herself a ravaged 

boast about being able to offer American movie queen wak- 
at the box-office “more stars, ing up in a hotel room of the 
than are in the heavens”. Deep South with only a neu- 
Certainfy there are a lot more rotic stud and the memories of 
around the West End at her own celluloid past to 

present than either on or off 

her vodka arm steady. - 
But a great many more 

Certainly some of these were; I suspect, buying the 
stars would of course claim, chance of a good look at 
and rightly, that in the terrain- another star, hfissBacall ber- 
ology of the American self; the one who had once 
showbiz journals they were been married to Humphrey 
“legit'’, and therefore stage- Bogart and who had told him. 
based, long before they ever in an immortal movie; that he 
became movie stars. And that never had to do anything 

in work of often classical 
distinction they have acquired 

except “maybe just whistle; 
You know bow to do 

long-established theatre andi- don't you, Steve? You just put 
ences rather more intelligent your lips together and blow.” 
and demanding than the kind Because those movie mem- 
of fens who merely go along to ones are still locked inside 

. television sets and video cas- 
settes aD over the world, it is 
curiously hard for a star to 
escape them even when he or 
she matures into a player of 
greater distinction in live 
5?: performance. 

Younger screen stars face 
different if allied problems. I 
doubt there will .be too many 
other critics at the fortbcom- 
ing Hampstead first night for 
PdDuC gaze: Taylor Faye Dunaway who can recall 
and Burton ■ ter first Stage appearance 
p.,. T without checking the credits. 

EnVflte ; . j ean, only because. I- hap- 

pened to be there: in 1964, 

• four years before the Bonnie 
gaze at a movie star in the and Clyde that made her a 
flesh. star, she turned up as one of 

But the fed remains that foe three walk-on hospital 
movie stardom still sells a nurses in Arthur MiHeris Afier 

jg& % l 

Me* • t 

the pre-war years Hollywood 
relied heavily on New York 
and West End stage stars to 
lend distinction and trained 
voices to its studios. 

When the Hollywood Raj 
collapsed after the war, the 
next generations of movie 
stars sull found a place in the 
sun rather more tempting than 
a cold winter in Boston on a 
pre-Broadway tryout of a new 
play which, if it failed, would 
do them no good and, if it 
succeeded, would only tie 
them up in New York for a 
couple of years and prevent 
them accepting more lucrative 
movie roles. A true theatrical 

Curtain np: Faye Dunaway, who began her career on the stage, rehearsing this week for Cate and Bravo, her first theatre appearance in Europe 

an actress who has since then 
played on stage, in California, 
roles as demanding as Blanche 
duBo i s and in an American 
revival of Pinter’s Old Times. 
Yet we are still amazed that 
movie stars are capable of a 
theatrical life, let alone that 

catastrophic revival of Pri- 
vate Lives, the evening had a 
quality of pure schlock. Audi- 
ences who had patently never 
been inside a live theatre 
before would gaiher nightly to 
see whether Burton was going 
to fell into the footlights or get 

But the fed remains that foe three walk-on hospital 
movie stardom still sells a nnrres in Arthur Mifleris After 
remarkable number of theatre & e tte Lincoln Centre, 
tickets. Harold Pinter, three- For those who believe that a 
tor of the new Faye Dunaway drama critic is also supposed 
play at Hampstead, was lad to be some sort of racing 
represented m tbeWest End as tester, it would be :good tote 
a director with foe revival of l ? report that I had 
Sweet Bird of Youth which ran Tccogpmd a star m foe mak- 
triumphantly at the mg. In feet, when I located my 
Haymarket last year. Now pt yp ne yean .later, all I 
dearly some audiences went written agamstherjiame 

along to foal theatre to see a tw0 WOI1ds £ l UIte 

great Tennessee Williams dra- ■ 

ma, and some went to see- Here is an actress trained in 

what Pinter wonld do with it Theatre Aits at Boston Uni- 
But several thousand also verrity and taken to the 
went to see Lauren Bacall in Lincoln Centre in its opening 
the leading role, and not season by Elia Kazan (as a 
because she had previously result of which foe got her first 
stunned them as Hedda film Hurry Sundown in 1967); 

that made her a 
star, she mined up as one of 

most of them started in one married again during the run 
and will almost certainly fin- (in feet he did, though not to 

teenage film industry. The feet 
that in America more and 

Miss Taylor) or whether Tay- 
lor would appear at alL 
There still exists a very 
curious confusion about the 
screen image and the stage 

more movie stars have recent- reality: audiences at the Phoe- 
ly taken to off-Broadway may nix would seem well aware 
indeed be some sign of disen- that whai they are paying for is 
chantment with the technol- Martin Shaw as Elvis Presley 

ogy and the sci-fi freaks who 
have taken over the movies. 
But it is also a realization that. 

rather than the late Mr Presley 
himself; but on foe night I 
wait to see Lesley Mackie as 

programme years later, all I 
bad written against her name 
were the two words “quite 

Here is an actress trained in 
Theatre Aits at Boston Uni- 
versity and taken to the 
Lincoln Centre in its opening 
season by Elia Kazan (as a 
result of which foe got her first 
film Hurry Sundown in 1967); 

in the right conditions, a script Judy Garland at foe Strand, 
can be tested away from foe several people in the audience 

Courage in overcoming the 
gaze factor takes various 
forms: either you appear in 
plays for which not even your 
most loving fen might have 
considered you suitable (Jack 
Lemmon is currently on 
Broadway in an acclaimed 
Long Daps Journey Into 
Night, directed by Jonathan 
Miller) or you challenge an 
audience’s small-screen expec- 
tations (Peter Bowles returns 
to foe West End this month 

r'W". ,|v 

i'W "i/ ■ 

of their Hollywood stardom 
did not suit foe West End. 

Yet when Finney now does 
a play, it is regarded as a 

A few years later, an actor of normal part of his ongoing 
an altogether different genera- career; when O’Toole does 

pressures of the market place; 
In this country, Hampstead 

(admittedly on the far side of 
50) screamed “Judy” at her 

: j# 

is a part of what we have by first lookalike appearance, as 
way of off-West End. Albert if convinced that the star 
Finney and the Steppenwoif herself had magically come 
company from Chicago start- hack to them from beyond foe 
ed Orphans there recently rainbow, 
before moving it to foe West That screen/stage confusion 


Few of us would now be 
amazed to find Mr Finney 
starring in the movie version. 

becomes worse in the case of 
television soap-opera stars: 
until recently it was the policy 
of at least one touring manage- 

fcaDOoaoowaaooDraiKiiiooanBlUXiooaooclOO I 

r ' todayThis Is 

Her World 

and it is always possible that merit to take hot stars out of 
Faye Dunaway can similarly television serials during the 

take Circe and Bravo through s umme r recess and send them 
foe West End to Broadway or out on the read mold thrillers. 
Hollywood if it works. If it So fer so good: an actor has 
doesn't a lot less will have to make a living. The catch 
teen lost economically or was that in the advertising, the 
professionally than ted she largest name was not that of 
chosen to make a much more foe actor, or the playwright or 
fen&red return to the stage in even the ploy, but that of foe 
foe impossible economic con- role the actor usually played 
ditioas of Broadway, where on television, this being reck- 
anything less than a rave oned foe best box office bait 
review from the New York These things do, however. 
Times would IdU not just the have a habit of going around 
production but also the script, in circles. Currently off 
Elizabeth Taylor should Broadway, Robert de Niro, 
have been so lucky. When she perhaps one of the hottest 

r should 
When she 

Wrm Your Help 
She Could tell You 


She knows nothing of school, proper nuttmon, or 
a even a regular clean water supply. 

She is destined for a life of unrelenting hardship 
If yon would sponsor her for a mere £9 
a month, PLAN will help hex; her family and their local 
a community 

In tecum, she will write to yod (with our help 
mirialhr) and tell you about her life and Her progress. 

We’ve given children with no hope the necessary 
skills to build their own future. 

Bur it was only possible with your help. 

came to London in 1982 to movie stars around, is starring 
give a very «n*»n performance in a small theatre and a new 
inside a very large costume for pfey about Cuban drug deal- 
f ilHan Heilman's The i-ittle ere. The ticket battles have 
Foxes, the rest of the cast kept been so intense that the man- 
retreating HfKhwft from her agement has rigged up a live 

retreating upstage from her 
wheelchair as if in the pres- 
ence of minor Balkan royalty. 
A year or so later, when she 

From reel to real: 
Charlton Heston in 
The Caine Mutiny 

not in an Ayckbourn but in 
Osborne's The Entertainer ); 
or you simply take an audi- 
ence of starstruck movie fens 
and turn them into theatrego- 
ers by a bfezingly dramatic 
turn of the kind that Dietrich 
used to offer at her solo 

A movie or television star is 
undoubtedly worth several 
thousand pounds at a box- 
office in advance of a first 
night, and can operate as some 
sort of guarantee against ted 
reviews at least until the word 
of mouth spreads, but the 
equation is not quite as simple 
as it may look. A decade or so 
ago the Phoenix Theatre ran a 
season of big Hollywood stars 
in apparently safe revivals: 

closed-circuit transmission of in apparently safe revivals: 
foe play in a nearby and larger Rock Hudson, Louis Jouidan 

halL It might have been easier 

took to Broadway with her ex- just to do foe play on tdevi- 
husband Richard Burton fora sion in the first p la c e. 

and several others turned up 
to disappointing houses be- 
cause something in the nature 

lion, AJ Pacino, was able to 
attract standing-room-only 
crowds of predominantly mid- 
dle-aged and middle-class au- 
diences to foe infinitely more 
“dangerous” American 

Other stars combining stage 
and screen careers more often 
have to play by the old Esther 
Williams rules. Miss Wil- 
liams, it will be recalled, was 
foe swimming star of whom 
one Hollywood mogul memo- 
rably remarked “wet she's a 
star, dry she ain’t” By that 
same token, if Rex Harrison 
goes to foe Haymarket in a 
Bernard Shaw revival, foe 
money is on the box-office 
table long before any first 
night; if he goes to foe Royal 
Court in a new play, the 
customers are more likely to 
await the reviews. 

I can mily very seldom 
remember seeing on stage 
someone who appeared to me 
to be a film star rather than an 
actor. Miss Taylor, certainly; 
and more recently Chariton 
Heston in a revival of The 
Caine Mutiny Court MartiaL 
But this is not actually a value 
judgement it was not as 
though Heston seemed all that 
bad in foe role, he just played 
it as if to an invisible camera 
in the centre of the dress circle. 

But the gaze factor has other 
curious distinctions: this 
country has produced pre- 
cious few wond-class movie 
stars since foe early 2960s, so 
that when tabloid headlines 
announce “star in West End 
debut”, they usually mean a 
Hollywood star. 

Of foe home team, consider 
foe contemporaries Albert 
Finney and Peter O’Toole: 
both started in regional reps at 
Birmingham and Bristol, both 
made their names in new- 
wave plays and films of the 
late 1950s, both have made 
films ( Tom Jones and Law- 
rence of Arabia ) which have 
been among foe peat money- 
spinners of all time. 


Faye Dunaway will be 
joining a tong Sst of screen 
stars who are already 
playing to London audiences, 
have recently made their 
mark or are waiting in the 
wings. Last month Martin 
Sheen left the Royal Court 
after a highly acclaimed 
season in Larry Kroner’s The 
Normal Heart; next month 
Cvd Charisse reaches the 
Victoria Palace to make her 
London musical debut in 
Charlie Gnt Albert Finney is 
appearing In Orphans. Glenda 
Jackson m Across From 
The Garden of Allah, Vanessa 
Redgrave in a 

one, it somehow still qualifies mat can oe your movie 
for gossip-column attention, aoyway- 
The gaze factor is high for Hepburn realized that too, 
O’Toole, low for Finney and and all of half a century ago. 
that, in foe end, would seem to Bored and frustrated by her 
have as much to do with their studio's apparent inability to 
press images as the way they find her a halfway suitable 
run their careen. We can still script, site went back east to 
see Finney as a future head of work with Philip Barry on 
the English theatre, despite ThePhiladelphia Story, 

The Sweet Bird of 
Youth: Lauren Bacall 
with Michael Beck 

like Katharine Hepburn per- 
sisted in going back to the 
boards whenever she could: 
her partner Spencer Tracy 
made one brief stage appear- 
ance on Broadway after the 
war in a pfey critics disliked 
almost as much as he did, 
whereupon be decided foe bell 
with that and stayed in Holly- 
wood for foe rest of a long 

But with the dismantling of 
the old Hollywood, actors 
have again acquired a mobil- 
ity and a freedom from studio 
contracts: moreover a short 
London stage season does not 
prohibit a more lucrative 
movie later in the year, and if 
you hit foe right play, then 
that can be your movie 

Hepburn realized that too, 
and all of half a century ago. 
Bored and frustrated by her 
studio's apparent inability to 
find her a halfway suitable 
script, she went back easi to 

movies as awful as Annie, we 
still see O’Toole as a visiting 
movie star, despite stage work 
which, Macbeth apart, has not 
always been so very much less 
distinguished than Finney’s. 

There was, of course, a time 
when foe traffic all went in the 
other direction: throughout 

bought the screen rights before 
they even opened on Broad- 
way. and was thus able to sell 
it back to her own studio with 
hereelf in the leading role. 
Miss Dunaway could do a lot 
worse than keep her 
chequebook handy at 


Canvassing for 
Patrick Caulfield’s 
National Gallery 
choice — page 18 

Arts Din; 

Crass void 
Eating Out 

18 Gardening 14 
14 Chit and About 14 

14 Opera 18 

18 Photography 18 

17 Rcriew 17 

18 Socfc & Jazz 18 

15 Shopping 14 
15 Times Cook 15 
18 Trend 13 
18 TV & Sadie 17 


Role appeal: Dunaway with Stephen Jenn m a scene from Circe and Bravo 

Shakespearean double at foe 
Haymarket, Richard Todd in 
on ever la sting thriller at the 
Mayfair, Simon Ward as 
Lawrence of Arabia at the Old 
Vic, Anthony Hopkins In 
Pravda, Edward Fox and 
Maggie Smith as the 
Interpreters of Ronald 
Harwood’s play at the 
Queens, Jeremy Irons is 
playing Leontes and soon 
Richard n at Stratford, and Sir 
John Mills is about to mate 
a septuagenarian National 
Theatre debut in a new play 
by Brian Clarit. 

Ail auction 
where you can 
even afford 
the time. 

If the prices don’t put some auctions out of your 
reach, the viewing and sale tunes certainly wilL 
Sotheby’s Conduit Street Sales are devised to fit 
in with your lifestyle. So there are evening and 
Sunday viewings, with the sale on foe following 
Monday evening. 

You’ll find many complete room settings of 
furniture, rugs, ceramics, silver and works of art. 
As few pieces, if any need restoration, they are 
ready to take home and enjoy Delivery is inexpen- 
rive and easily arranged on the spot 

Visa or Access Cards are accepted. And as lots 
start from as little as £200, time won't be foe only 
thing you can afford. 


Sunday lstjune 10.00 am -4.00 pm 

Monday 2nd June 9.00 am-2.00 pm 


Monday 2nd June 530 pm -9.00 pm 




d. But j 
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ha 38 * 
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persons Competutve Mr fares 
Included. For broch ur e * A per- 
sonal anenuon cad HaM 
Sapcote l office) 021 233 1200 
(home/w,e) 021 484 0912. 



Meaulne country. Own park, 
river nearby. Very banc But 
beaudlul. Sleeps 2 - 6 . £120-160 
per week. 0892862333. 

plan cottage tar 2 i-v- OHM) w«h 
i wlnuuto g pool. £250 pw Tel: 
OlO 3353649661 

FLAT on sandy Med Beach. 
Sea /rain views. Stos 3/4. Pool 
Avail (Tom JUne. 0276 73670. 

willi pool. 3t*ms. sea l firms, 
from £250 PW.TM 194167-90-47 

COTE DA ZU B f Lovely OM nod 
farm house In private ter race d 
oNve grave near Qjsw View 
Med. 15 mins coaaL 4 dbie bed. 

2 bam. pool. 23 Aug - IS Sept. 
£400 • £800 pw incf nuu ser- 
vice. Tel: Ol 381 5623. 


3 Nice. EMenMve gro und s.; 
Large pool tenon cL Stos 16 . 
Hdp & Cook tod. Avail 14-28 
Jane. 30 Aug-ZO Sept A Octo- 
ber. Tet 01-735 8300/0901- 

1 a i*i S 3 

1 'Li J 

- - i 


TBSCAHT or Stoma. 2 Organdy 
renovated farnOiotisei on Pri- 
vate estate from £230 pw. Tet 
Ol 736 7683 Horae or Ol 43T 
9586 Office 

service flats m 6 th century Po- 
land. From week. 
01-373 4373 or 01-834 0761. 

TUSCAN HILLS Private (Vm- 
notne near 9tena and Florence. 
Bwb UM situ ation. Steeps 8 . 
0262 870737. 

Richmond Travel. 1 Duke Si 
Rtchmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 

COSTA BLANCA 2 newly reno- 
vated. H taco. 3 beds 2 baUisJn 
mountains above ABM. £140 
PW. Tel Ol 736 295L 

Almoaecar. Villa sleeps 6 
PooLOvrriookLng sea (ram 
£200 per week. t0990» 26072. 

MADBELLA- Vina for 8 with own 
pool A own tennis, avail Aug 
£1.660 wwy- 01 493 5726. 
Palmer 6 Parker. 

home, twin bed. bathrooms. 
Pool, pence. 061 929 2209. 

IHUBBEII 4 CMahonda l bed- 
room beaenride flat to teL 
£150.00 p.w. 01 362 4606. 

MUAS COSTA- 2 bed tux ML 

CO. KERRY. FROM £219. 
Cycfing iToWay-incf- 
return ferry travel and 
6 nights' hotel b/b (2 
people sharing). 

Call Bike Events, 

Bath <0225)31 0859 

You’l (My Know By 
Being There. 

flights e-g. Rto £485. Lima 
£48& rto. Abo Smtei Croup 
Hoi May Journerueg Pern 
from £350) JLA 01-747-3108 

TUMSIA For that perfecl holiday 
with saury days r carefree Ms. 
ideal Spring . Summer Tunisian 
Travel. 01-373 44 ii. 

JWSSE. NZ. South Africa. 
USA. Hong Kong. Bad Faret 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 

STANDBY FARES (ON£ WAy)dep/London 

Nairobi. kfBurg. Cairo. Dubai. 
Bangkok, Hcwg Kofig. Sydney, 
Europe, A The Americas. 

75 Shaftesbury Anne 

London Wl V 7DC. 

01-439 «182 

Open Saturday KUXHJlM 

The worlds favourite airfinc 

guow os me sen. wauaag ana, 
MrdwaCcfdno. Special merer 2* 
or upto 6 . Tet 050663 206. , 


Ownea tan* no GaogiHT 
Mwr House. M m mm sofa** 
grands. oOrang fresh toad w> 
good he CmW befflng and 
open fres and beftoms Mb tn 
suite baffles. 

Coaptre urnraWr n mo* 
Mtt Vfiage « ttes m of «(- 
standing rata* boauy. 
hM hr 3 Prio. Uks. Bran afld 

apt Mps 2/4. Pool Urge balco- 

I ny. futfy equipped. June/ScM 
£155 P-w. J ul y £180. Aug 
£19& Tel (092741 28137 

lage nr sea. 2 bed apt . sun terr. 
mod k ft b. Sommer £136 
pw.Ol 859 6063. 

MNUNLNIERA. Bcuut stone bum 
hse. mag sea view, beach IS 
mins, steeps 4. £166£i8Spw. 

01 229 1642. 



Max n tbe son 12 months ol l Be 
yes. Selection of prndo «6RS and 
atxs ta sot ioOMihal moueemenH. 
Some rath pnsaR poHs H Fhaya 
BHnn 4 Bays U FHren. Pnme 
posaon dose lo tmodW bsachos. 
ComoeMwe rates, wav or aannur. 




HRMSE. TRANCE, Alpto Mart- 
umes. iBKmlttxnCoieO'Anir. 
pravmcal farmlrouse. eur- 
rounded by own terraces, 
garden, swimming pod. BBQ. 
washing & waning up ma- 
chines. 4 bathrooms. 6 (fid 
bedrooms + cottage tor 2 
Available August due to eaacd- 
isllon. £1.500 per week. 
TeL 104 94) 783646 

"■“WMlt HoHdsy cottage 
**ews 6 . AvafiaMe X4th - 28» 
June. 5tn - I9n> July. 23rd AU- 
Boitnnwanta. 0843 46284. 

PARCS sum Private villa stos 
2 - 4 . Superbly diluted In own 
ta astd e olive grove, a van Mid 
Jojy z.5 wip. Tel Lymmgtoa 
<0590) 23178. 

CRETANSUN . Flnti red Greece - 
contact tbe specialists rer 
w Crete * undiscovered 
Cavdos Hand. 0705 596441. 

Htdra isajuoD lovely van won 
oood Views above port, with 
P°°L sleeoe 4. Sod couples. 
C700 pw Tri:«043871> 7969 

CORFU BA RC A Ol £139 1 wk 
£169 2 wks (ora manured vflia 
nr the sea tor 1 st June. 8 th 
June, isrh June Ex Catwtck. 
Open Sat 734 2660 taller 4pm 
ft Sun. 736 0*64> Ftan World 

Holida ys 

CORFU BEACH villa dn 2/16 
KftBoM area from £ 2 Sbp pw 
Phone- 0906 840661 

eto/w imds 

RHODES Special Offer « June me 
ImcaM bob from £149 p.p. also 
11 6ft 18/6 TeL' Sirama 0705 

GREECE, unsnsin Blands, cheap 
regtas-vllia rentals etc. Zeus HM 
M«ys 01-434 1647. AW AU 0 . 

SPCTSC ISLAND Super villa, su- 
per views, 4.-6 people, from 
£126 pw ring 01-300 7408 


BCMA/CAPBLAB grades Of ho- 
tels * character pensions. 
Holiday Islands 01-836-4383 

French /Spanish Border on the 
MedAvrraiwan. Luxury Vtnas 
under Encash Management, 
steeps 6 . Private swimming 
pool. BAQ. garage. 300 yards 
from beam. vacancies 
June/ Jtdy- Sept. £250 pw 
Tef ^030677) 482 407 (day) or 
(03421 712069 (eves, w^mBl 

COSTA DEL SDL. 4 quartos Ten- 
ms village. Superb apartment 
in into exciting new complex 
full wore facumes. clab imae. 
pool etc. supervised DiOdr e na 
play are*, raid service awMe. 
Sleeps 6. Most dales avlbte from 
IS O pppw Tel: 0462 60794. 

RUMCLLA new 3 bed. up 6 ) 3- 
t»Oi borne, own pool rearvel- 
toui v iews . MU Jun to Oct 
From CSS PW. B roch u re Ol 
602 4383 (H) 01 248 1234 ex 
4369 (W). 


Help ns to belp yon in 
publishing your 
Classified Advertisement 
Ring before 10 m or 
after 5 pjn weekdays. 
Saturdays 9 m-1 pjn. 


tor a /unnoted Junior Hobday 
to Hampshire. Bombr. Cat) 
Hecuiew nn3683) 308 (or tree 
colour brochure. 

HUltovs. 1058061 2083 or 
toeea 673891. 

FLY FE HUNB courses, 
□eron. AIM for boys la hob- 
days. aimauu 281 . 



Ova 1 1-4 m31kxi of die 
most affluent people in (be 
coimtiy read the classified 
cotamns of Tbe Times. The 

foHovring categraies appear 
regniariy every week, and 
are generally accomp ani ed 
by relevant edtecU ankles. 

Use tbe cmqion (rigbt), 
and find out buw easy, fast 
and economical it is to adver- 
tise in Ihe Times Classified, 

MONDAY Edn c Mfap; Unrver 

sty A^wmimcms, Prep. A Public 


CiHDcrSeawanaiyPA appomtments 

bctwol A^rnmenis.EducaUonal overf^OO. General seottarial 
WHras^oIarships&Fata^hips. Property: ResidMial.Comtnenaiil, 
if Creroc Town £ Counuy. Overseas, Rentals. 

TfTTCl\AV tote a. • 

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Crranc Town £ Counuy. Overseas, Rentals 

TUESDAY Gwptfer Herizaac 

acoro piehcnsive guide to the THURSDAY Geaexd Apnoint- 

computermariteL meats: Chief Exrcuuves, Managing 

Legn Appointments: Solid Uxs. Directors, Direciors, Sales and 

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Mem U Crime: a new dassiTica- riassiTteation emitted Fimmrial and 

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AccoantABcy Agpdmments. 



FRIDAY MMaroiAcomplemar 

buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Bostoess Co Bitdmess: 

Selling proper^, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Travel; 
Holidays abroad. Low coo ffehis. 

Cruises. Car hire. (JJLTmd: 

Hotels, Collages, Holiday bis. 


Pea Frfesdsa new clsssificaiion for 
young readers tocomaci people wilh 
shnQarinie^&aihoroeand overseas: 




Fill in the coupon and auach it to your advenisemeni. Prior to k appearing, 
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mart, P^>. Box 484, Vlrgreift Street, LmdoB El 90D. 

NAME ■ • 

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Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 

% 11 

s - Peter Brown muses 

the tumult in Tuscany 

c* ► muse 

/ •$ fl 

v ,? : on the art of good 

' \ m 1 

f : government as he 

;■ tours Siena, a city 
. : of peace with a spot 
of equine anarchy 

mm ■MMm. 

.fe £|§| j 


-iV-' ■ .;t . : : v*. 3* • 

. r ^ m -W' 

■ ■ ^*ae 16 pt:/ 

4®jpl^ N *^i‘£y m0&r 

. - w • ^ 


a • P\V 

^There comes a time when you 
-*: ?. -have had one saint too many and 
^you want to get away from them. 
••■«:£■ is easy to feel like that in 
ITuscany and especially in Siena, 
.- -where haloes were de rigueur in 
She city’s golden age. One remedy 
ns to go to the Palazzo Pubblico 
and contemplate, in the hall of 
xv r ^peace, the 14th-century frescoes of 

n 1 Jj -Ambrogio LorenzettL 

— 9 * Murals with a message, these. 

/ '•Demonstrating the effects of good 
Sand bad government in the city 
-and the country, they are the most 

- rap oekbrated secular paintings of the 

: •• Middle Ages - not a saint to be 
' seen, though we must allow him 
the odd angel 

»■■ ■**.-• The (me ducting good govern- 
ment in the country strikes a 
* ‘T 1 ',** chord if you are, as we were, 
staying outside Siena. On the left, 
the city walls and inside them the 
r - -«*. populace at work; on die right, a 

• small procession of people and 

— ■■ animals trekking past calibrated 

, ^ vineyards towards the hummocky 

- -Tuscan hills, spiked with olives. 
"Were it not for the suburbs, you 
■ ••■• -muse, rt would be much the same 
, today. In fact 1 believe that is our 

Vida there, behind the fourth hill 
from the right . . . 

The Palazzo Pubblico, a gaunt 
and ruddy building, also contains 
its fair share of saints but takes a 
relaxed attitude towards them. 
There’s a maestt by Simone 
Martini, chock-full of haloes but 
in a remarkably poor stale of 
repair. It is overshadowed, I 
suppose, by the better known 
maestd of Duccio, housed round 
the corner in the cathedral muse- 
um. When that was produced in 
1311 the entire population of 
Siena; led by clergy and musicians, 
carried it in solemn procession 
from the painter’s workshop to the 
cathedral Three days of festivities 

But Martini's masterpiece 
somehow seems more meaningful 
with its peeling paint and in the 
setting for which it was designed. 
On a cool October evening we sat 
on hard chairs in front ofitand lis- 
tened to a concert played on the 
palace's rarely used medieval 
organ, an instrument with a secret 
panel which the OTganist can raise 
at the appropriate moment to 


Peter Brown went to Tuscany 
with Villas Italia, 405 Radnor 
House, Regent Street, London 
W1 <01-439 85 47), who offer a 
range of accommodation 
throughout the region. The Palio is 
held on July 2 ana Aug 16. 
Recommended books: 

Tuscany, an Anthology edited by 
Laura Raison (Ebury Press, 

£695 J; A Tattle in Tuscany by 
,JA Leslie Forbes (Webb & 

Bower, £12.95). 

if ijf: ’%V' 


Out of the shadows: Siena's Piazza del Campo (above), Hs horse race (above left) and (top ) detail from Lorenzetti's “Good Government" 

reveal the pipes beneath. Pure 

In Florence it is possible to tire 
of art quite quickly. Siena is 
smaller, more coherent, and its 
beauty is more easily assimilated. 
It has, of course, a breathtaking 
cathedral of zebra stripes, more 
Muslim than Christian. And ft has 
a famous tower, the Torre del 
Mangia, a jaunty edifice of brick 
crowned with stone, whose con- 
struction was thought so hare- 
brained that the brothers who 
built it had to bear all the risk 

Towers and bells assume an 
importance in Tuscany that seems 
almost out of proportion. In the. 
first great flood of Florence, in 
1333, every bell in town was rung 
to God to stop the waters rising 
and the tumult drowned the 

thunder. In Ugolino in 1288 a 
Guelph and four boys were 
starved to death in a tower, the 
keys chucked into the Arno. Then 
there is San Gimignano, the 
medieval Manhattan, where the 
top nobs had the tallest towers. 
And in Pisa we all know what 

But Siena's tower, and the 
Palazzo Pubblico, stand in a 
setting unlike any other — the 
Piazza del Campo, a word that 
cannot be translated as “square’* 
because it isn't. On the edge of it. 
after the concert, we studied its 
geometry over a coffee and 
watched the Italian boys doing the 
cafe round, greeting a friend at 
every table. 

Shaped like a scallop, it is 
divided by cobbled rows into nine 
triangles, one for each of the “good 

men" who governed the city 600 
years ago and who remain, cap- 
tured in paint by Lorenzetu, in the 
ball of peace. Siena is built on 
three hills so that to walk within 
its walls is a constant undulation. 
But the city is pulled together by 
this campo. since all roads lead 
towards it and 1 ! streets lead into 
it through narrow archways. What 
other town can boast such a focal 

In the summer Italy’s best 
known horse-race, the bareback 
palio. takes place round it — two 
minutes of equine anarchy. Sean 
O'Faolain says that if, when 
watching it, your bean does not 
swell until ft fills every cranny of 
your body, strangling all your guts 
in an orgasm of delight, then you 
cannot know the meaning of 
“man", “horse" or “sun". Per- 

haps. Certainly the postcards were 
fiiU of it this autumn as we 
wandered through one of the 
archways and tome to the streets 
(free, thanks to good government, 
of cars). 

Dwarfed by ancient palaces, 
mansions and churches, the alleys 
of Siena seem so thick with history 
that you would feel like an 
impostor were it not for the 
laughing Sienese, who imbue them 
with that peculiarly Italian sense 
of immediacy. 

Florence, the Guelph city, has 
its charms but none of this 
intimacy. In 1230, my guidebook 
tells me, the Florentines catapult- 
ed dead monkeys and excrement 
over the walls of Siena to start a 
plague. Germ warfare! Me, I'm 
with the Ghibellines. Fancy anoth- 
er coffee? 

Outside the campo the only 
serious place to drink coffee in 
Siena is Nannini's (branches 
throughout the town). There you 
can take your choice from a 
startling variety of confectionery: 
panforte, the rich almond cake; 
ricciareili. the sweet almond bis- 
cuits; marzipan, chocolate, can- 
died chestnuts, and all served by 
girls obviously chosen by the 
management for their resem- 
blance to the young Sophia Loren. 

Perhaps you will buy, in a green 
bottle, the herb-based elixir of 
Santa Caterina, the local saint (or 
one of them; for a more modern 
version, try Fiorucci; in La Lizza, 
the market, you can pick up his 
jackets half-price). 

Not everyone enjoys a stay in 
Siena. Smollett, pugnacious old 
traveller, was “indifferently 
lodged in a house That stunk like a 
privy, and fared wretchedly for 
supper". He cannot have known 
about Grauacielo, hidden away in 
the Via Pontani where, in a tiny 
room, you can have pannini with 
anchovies and pesto, squid in 
vinaigrette, or chopped smoked 
herring with purple onions and 
half a litre of wine for 9,000 lire, 
which is very cheap. 

Smollett would have been hap- 
pier in our fanning village up in 
the hills, a group of converted 
cottages clustered round the 
fattoria, a stately farmstead dedi- 
cated to Chianti, olive oil and 
tourism. It had its disadvantages: 
three miles across a rutted track to 
the nearest shop was one. Bui we 
drank a lot of the best black 
cockerel wine, we ate a lot of 
olives, we were surrounded by 
vineyards and woods in which we 
picked a lot of chestnuts. And at 
night, try as we might, we could 
not hear a car. Good government 
at its best. 

.... * 

Paying the price for popularity 

Bournemouth on a glorious June 
day is something to be seea 

«t bright array, and miles erf soft dean 
sand fringing a warmer sea. Later, you 
could ergoy a romantic mid-Summer 
night in a sophisticated restaurant, 
night dub or casino. Choose from some 

superb hotels, friendly quest houses or 
seif catering accommodation. 

• Ring 0202 291715 (24 hours) for full 
colour literature or write to Dept 185, ' 
Bournemouth Tourism, 

Bournemouth BH1 2BU. 

So much more besides the sea 

Get a waif next 



.Latest reports from travel 
agents show that package holi- 
days in June and September 
are almost sold out, although 
there are still plenty available 
in the peak season between the 
middle of July and the end of 
| August. 

But Pkrkfords Travel pre- 
dicts that discounting of high- 
season holidays will be limited 
to the less popular destina- 
tions and hotels. It says that 

says that 

The Widest Choke of 

Hold. Mount* and Canal Cruising 
Hotidays in France by scheduled 
Air/Rail or Coach cervices 
or wilh your own car 
Incorporating aha ] 

MAEVA srlfcracrim ifWaatt I 


Are wlooldag for* holiday that* more easting dan just 
lying on a beach? Like windsurfing, waierekiing or j* 
& \ sa3mg perhaps? How about ballooning, golf or F 

\ \ toms? Scaaedring, in short, tHa’s a ba more $ 
jf \ ^ a active than usual. You will find details about 

£ \*)V ^ tfa ^ and k 

if VAttv much more in our ~( >1 <1* 2? 


much more in 
/ 1986Marflx 

^ . iWp T Activity Holidays brodv 

VOiO * 

ureal your w 

^ ^ ; j % Wki .T^shopOryoucwitefcpIvw ^ 

p * ’CH V us direct on 0733 502633. J 

III ^ 

From only £695 

I- OnJutyl3youcansetsaaon 
huairiousQEZ Stay upto 
15 exciting days in the Unfed 
States before flying homefinee. 
This fantastic price ndudes all 
meals and entertainment on 

your 5 days aboard GO. 
This prices available on aB 
QE2 sailings to Hew Yoric 
July 29, August 1 6, 27, 
Se p tem b er?, 26 and October 7. 
Space on board is Anted, 
so call Cunard now on 
<01)491 3930 or hurry 
to your trawd agent 

hqi mnrn 

ftr * tmws atm 84 page IMS 
bradrarc please motaec 
Dept wt. 21 FLEET ST 


hotd beds in the main Medi- 
terranean resorts will be at a 
premium this year because 
bookings are also buoyant in 
Germany and Scandinavia, so 
holidaymakers may have to 
switch to self-catering or do-it- 
yourself “seat only” packages. 

Another leading travel 
agency chain, Lunn Poly, 
forecasts that many holidays 
this summer will be discount- 
ed, but that discounts will be 
lower than last year. 

• Special “Monntbatfen 
Weekend" packages are being 


In FLORENCE >11 jrwr 
In JEH lAwro m l In July and AifM 
PLACING al bsbjniltri* 

1' MfTllw of irarhmi KJUHiinrlli 
Pna, SSiMl* I 
51U25 Tuvsn- 
TrL bS5-SDk«M 

offered at the recently- 
opened Monntbatfen Hotel in 
London's Covent Garden, 
which has many memorabilia 
of the late Earl. The 
weekend includes a Journey on 
the Venice Simplon-Orient 
Express from London to 
Brockenbost for an 
escorted tour of Broadlands, 
the MomUnttco family 
home. Basic price of the two- 
nigbr package is £265 and 
bookings can be made direct 
with the hotel on 01- 
836 4300 or with Utell 
International on 01- 
741 1588. 

Their loss, onr gain 

Cancellations by American 
passengers have led to cuts in 
Iran s- Allan tic air fares as air- 
lines struggle to fill the empty 


seats. British Airways is offer- 
ing low standby fores through- 
out the summer to all its 15 
US destinations, with a one- 
way price of £149 from Lon- 
don to Boston compared with 
£179 fast year. The standby 
fore to Los Angeles is £249 and 
£179 to Miami Return stand- 
by feres can be bought in the 
UK at twice the one-way rate. 

Philip Ray 

Lyrimn Turkey. Greece Pindos 
Spain Star* Nevada. 

Still a few places on some of our 
uciung mis this summer 
>5 - M Den from C36Bmc 
Details of incse and all our 
Worldwide inks A Adventures from 
IM Wandsworth High St 
louden SWIS 4L£ 

TEL: 0I-R70 0151 |24hre) 


9 n* Ste Bnne. 75006 PARIS 
Tefc 010 331 4M82007 Teleic270t82 F 
CWnmtK Avf, qaiti (tod luxurious. 23 
Wry tUgaM rooms/ suues of Mrtmktr 
rtfvumrat. Pna; S00 10 800 Ft. Ft. 

sii/nt'gfkmain ‘oes pkes - 


hotel Yardin' le brea- * 

14 me Brea. 7M06 PARIS 
Teti 010 331 43234441 
t'Vrv charming, tkgm hotel mih 21 
moms. Worm aekame. price 420 ro 520 
Ft Ft. 

Geneva Zurich 
Lausanne Berne 

For a free cqpr of an adiaaine 
pouer delightfully UhiMraitd by 
Andalk together our Eaodiure 

on individual inclusive holidays to 
these beautiful dries, write ro - 

Time Off Ltd., 
Chester Close, 
London SWIX7BQ. 





McHOraay Genova - htartagny (Ub hotx). tSeecton Grand St Bemanl Acthw 
boidaya, l acwU on In unttMCiiod nature . 100 km walking paths m the 

woods Now sport centre, heated swurmwig pool ■ lann« - bshmg ■ cbtdiaig. Specaal 
rates n June and September. 

Tounsi Office. CH 1938 Cftampex-Lac Phone: 01041 26/ 4 12 27 TELEVERBJEH 
Access ra the mountan huts ar Omy and Trent Phono 01041 26/‘4i344/70ioi. 

at your 
own speed... 

Discover the delights ol the British 
countryside, the charm and beauty ol 
its villages and old towns, on one of 
our Car Tours of Britain. Ash us to 
advise on your route, pre-book your 
hotels or tell you about our seven day 
tour with six comfortable overnight 

Car Tours start at £7 65 per person, 
and include a double room wltti 
private bath or shower, dinner, and a 
full breakfast 

You can add extra interest to your 
holiday at many Inter-Hotels At the 
hotel or close by you could find golf, 
water sports or guided walks for 
instance: a good opportunrty to loOow 
yaut own interests, or find new ones. 

Ask lor detailB. 

For reservations or brochures, 
please contact: Car Tours Desk, 
Inter-Hotel, 35 Hogarth Road, 
London SW5 OQR 
Tel: (01) 373 3241 

TEL: 05574 341 

AjV. ★★★★ R-A.C. 

* Unique setting in acres of parkland and loch. 

* Elegant and relaxing lounges with original 

* Fifty tastefully appointed Bedrooms; Suited and 
Family Rooms. 

* Outdoor heated pool; sauna, solarium, tennis, 
fishing and putting 

* Easy access to beaches, lochs, hills and places of 
historical interest 

Ideal for an active family holiday or 
a peaceful! break In the country 


uf f, 

! V.’Vf: 


HStotaS^few V ° U V ' Sit LU *™e brand new Queen Beartrix joins the s/ /CMG/ 

Honarta St Nicholas to give you a superb crossing by day / / // /24/iCl 1 

, ^ / ivumaol Street to Harwich by ML or night Ou^etothe Confnenrt in your floating X 

^aStric trainsfrom 1 2 May Fastcomfortable. hotel - with restaurant* ban* disco, casino. /O / \ 

air-randitionecl direct to Parkeston Quayls dnema, plus ^com«nienceof yoir ownc^in. / ... ^ 4^ 

termiral. Plus “Essex Continentaf from Travelling to Holland and beyond will newer 

Shenffeld. Chelrnsford and Colchester be the same again... 


d. But 
es left 
>p and 
3p after 
ng by 
nor fig- 
th a 38 
; and a 
sue on 
her 45p 
amb at 
id Reli- 
n 3p. 

lOp to 
it at the 
■med 8p 

i New- 
a quiet 
rice of 

is were 
l 49pk. 
*’s trad- 
ed 7p 
fling at 


46 +2 r,d 
18 _ 

590 Mr 

2 ho 

rofit was — i 
was 781 __ 

WEST- • 

the six .. 
iie divi- v ‘ 

g I0.8p 

in £000, 
16,740 — 
ends — 
9,51 7). 

50) and — 
(1,610), *r) 
ion was^<«_ 
ion ex- ~ 

V>) and 


For further information askat British Rail Travel Centres^ Appointed Travel Agents or phone 01-855 7000 for a brochure. 




Nigel Andrew 

reveals the home 

Rescued from (he deep: 1752 Chinese plate, now £260 

Treasure for sale 

Treasures from the Nanking 
cargo of 1 7S2 wQl be available 
to Knightsbridge shoppers on 
June 7 at a Harrods exhibition 
of antique porcelain, fabrics 
and wall hangings. 

The prize exhibit is a 24- 
place dinner service priced at 
£75,000; other rare pieces 
include teapots, side-pouring 
milk bowls and vomit pots, 
shaped like small chamber- 
pots, no doubt much in de- 
mand on the ill-fated voyage. 
But there are pieces for more 
modest collectors. The plan- 
tain pattern plate shown is 

£260, blue and white peony 
design bowls are £195; all are 
extremely weO preserved. 

Also on show are pieces 
from another cargo which 
sank about 100 years earlier. 
This too was from Nanking, 
but the glazes have been 
affected by the sea water and 
some patterns have eroded. 
Chocolate cups are from £45, 
small blue spice boxes are 
£150. The exhibition win be 
held until June 2L 

recorded beginnings w tag 

Master m his own country 

Disney Roadshow'*, five 
family entertainment wfW 
favourite Disney characters 
and songs. 

Shaftesbory Avenue. London 
W 1 . Oetftte OT-4340274. . 
Today, sweet festival 10am- 
3pm. wee; Disney Show, at 
foe Palace Theatre, 11 JOsm, 
Aduft £5, cftdd £4. 

Street party 

Tomorrow Bond Street starts 
a week of celebrations to mark 
its 300th anniversary. Since 
Sir Thomas Bond gave the site 
its name in 1686 it has always 
been a street of superlatives — 
the grandest houses, die no- 
blest residents, the best broth- 
els and the smartest shops. 
One of its rarest jewellery 
dealers is Sac Freres, believed 
to be the only shop in the 
world dealing exclusively in 
amber and the necklace, right, 
is one of its prize pieces — 
priced at £2,000. 

wide range of more than 200 

On the ball 

On the market just in time for 
Wimbledon is the Serve-U- 
Rite tennis practice unit, left 
This holds 26 balls and deliv- 
ers them to the pupil every 5 
to 10 seconds either in a lob or 
in a volley position. It is 
adjustable to produce a soft or 
strong service. Including de- 
livery, it costs £125 from 
Sponsmark House, Ealing 
Road, Brentford, Middlesex 

| ri 1 1" vi | * l n i 

- ‘m 

WALK: BgM-mBa walk along 
the Regent's Canal towpath 
ki aid ortho London Wtkflite 

beside his wife and daughter m 
St Wnlstan's churc h y ar d in 
Little Malvern. 

Victoria Park. Hackney - 
Regent’s Park, vte Carnfey 
Street Natural Park. 

Tomorrow, depart 1 0am. i 

Ancient custom mid traditional 
fair wi th maypole danctng. 

other street lestfvities. 

High Street' Chipping 
Campdan, Gtouces t ers h tre. 
Today from 2pm. Free, 

Judy Froshaug 


Spring into action without delay 

Over the last few weeks plants 
have accelerated into growth 
and we are catching up with 
the seasons very quickly. Most 
of the trees are in leaf and h is 
only now we are really begin- 
ning to assess the damage left 
by the hard winter. 

Many tender shrubs have 
lost branches and some appear 
to have been killed. However, 
do not dig them out too fast 
because many of them are in 
feet breaking from ground 
level and below. Where you 
can see buds bursting cut away 
the dead top growth. 

Once you are down to buds 
make sure the plant is kept 
moist Wait nntil growth is 
wed established and then give 
them a feed of a general 

There is still time to sow 
hardy annuals in situ. Dig the 
site by forking to about 9in 
deep, and once dug it must be 
consolidated: never sow seeds 
into ground which is light and 
fluffy. It is best to broadcast 
the seed direct into the 


You can sow any of the 
hardy annuals such as corn- 
flowers, sweet peas. Salvia 
hormium. Un aria, Viscaria. 
Limnanthes douglasii (better 
known as the fried egg plant) 
and the many fine varieties of 

Courses for aB Garden Lovers 
Garden Design as an Art, 
Hants, Mixed Border, Herbs, 
Roses, Photography etc,etc_. 

I Tel: 1 

I Banbury Homes & Gardens Ltd.. I 
Dept. CC018A PO Box 17. 

| Banbu ry. Oxot L OX1 7 3NS. J 

Write on phone 

Tel: 01-352 4347 

In the vegetable garden it is 
time to sow many of the 
vegetables which are classed 
as half hardy or even lender. 
Plants such as runner beans 
and French beans should be 
going into sites prepared dur- 
ing the autumn and winter. 

outside now, including let- 
tuce, radish, spring onions and 
carrots, but steer dear of 
marrows, cucumbers and 

Staking of herbaceous 
plants assumes a high priority 
now. Growth is strong and 
unless they are kept upright 
they will be flattened by the 
wind and rain. 

Plants such as Erigeron, 
Achillea, Solidago, Hetenium, 
Eryngium, Artemesia and 
GaLega have many shoots 
which should be directed into 
the supports which have been 

Spring is also a good time to 
take cuttings of many house 
plants. Select tip growths 
which are typical of the plant 
and are not too soft Hormone 
rooting powders such as 
Serradix or Roota help greatly 
with the rooting. To reduce 
water loss, cover the young 
plants with a polythene bag or 
put them in a propagating 
case. Pilea, Abuiilon, 
Monstera, Kalanchoe and hy- 
drangeas will root easily now. 


Raymond Keene extols the vision of The monster with 27 eyes’ 

During Gary Kasparov's re- 
cent demolition of our Olym- 
pic number one, Tony Miles, 
the World Champion, exhibit- 
ed a disconcerting habit of 
avoiding recaptures. Every 
beginner is taught to take 
back, if possible, when one of 
his pieces is removed. But in 
games three and six of their 
match in Basel Kasparov 
blithely refused to oblige, 
even though Miles's Knights 
had forced their way, with 
captures, deep into enemy 
territory. These were the 
crucial phases in each of the 
two games. 

mg Gary Kasparov's re- . |J| 1 4-U n Miles has just played 1 1 

t demolition of our Oiym- |j III I I NxB. doubtless expecting ei- 

number one, Tony Miles, ther 12 KxBor 12 RxB. when 

World Champion exhibit- • • . 12 ... QxNP is fine for Blade, 

a disconcerting habit of Qt^lTlT Instead there came: 

iding recaptures. Every ■.'••• O Lr JJ. A V owa M 

fir ic foiwht frv fair* . •• - ^ 

White: Kasparov; Blade 
Miles. Game 3. 

120031 Ml 12F-4H rt-OZ 

Here Black should muddy 
the waters with 13 — NxRR 


Kasparov's Queen manoeu- 
vre here is one of the most 
original I have ever seen. 

14_ MOO IS 0-K2 HM 
**» 17 P*S M 

IS W£R* IMP is RM» MdCP 
20 UH PaB 21 PKP M3 
22R-XRS K-WI 23 NxKP OM 
» H-OR 3 Q-MScb 2 S Ml OR-O 1 
a N-BS OrfpfT) 27 0*0 RxO 
aBIbflP Ml 39RxKP MS 

30 KrK2 P-86 31 K-Q3 

Black resigns 

White: MOes; Black: 
parov. Game 6. 

Most plants can be sown Ashley Stephenson 

On this occasion Miles's last 
move was 15 NxBch. Instead 
of recapturing Kasparov 
played, amazingly: 

15- MSS 16B-K4 

16 BxQRP may be better. 

«- Ml 17P-M 

Setting a trap which does not 
work. 17 0-0 is best 

17 - P-R3 180-3 

An ad mi s sion of defeat for if 

18 B-KN5cb PxB 19 PxPch 
KxP 20 RxS R-B5 and... 


Black's massive centralization 
now sweeps White array. 

§®J£*i 55 ? 2 i iw war 

22 R-KS 1 Q-QS 23 R-B 2 OxS 

252, m* - as mo -up 

2SJ3-B2 B-NS ari taM mm 
28 R-KN3 0-05 23 R-fM M3 

White resigns. . .. 

After the match Miles said: 
“I expected to play the Wortyl 
Champion. Instead I met a 
monster with 27 eyes who sees 
everything in every variation." 

U wM" 

sons why you no longe: 

have to use Creosote. 

On the defensive 


vr 0 o : ® .‘C^P ; 

•" ’ *-• "vV "v ' / ffi | 



oTimber Care is harmless to plants. 
oTirnber Care is dean and easy to use 
^Timber Care’s colours last for years. 

°Timber Care has a low odour. 

^Timber Care goes a lot further. 

oTimber Care comes in a range of attractive woodshades. 
°Timber Care is made by CupiinoL Enough said 7 


Expert defence entails a mix- 
ture of imagination and unwa- 
vering attention. On this hand 
West belatedly recognized Ike 

West belatedly recognized the 
value of one of his small cards. 

Rubber Bridge. Game alL 
Dealer WesL 

♦ 74 

*5? A 10 • 

0 KJS42 

♦ A R 10 8 

♦ 109652 

0 AOS 

♦ 742 

♦ J ■ 

V Q8 6 5 
0 10753 

♦ OJ 93 

♦ AKQ83 
^ KS742 

^ K9742 
oa . 


No 10 No 

No 2* No 

No 2NT 1 No 

S ~ * 

while dummy raffed. Declar- 
er cashed the *AK and 
played a third round of the 
suit ruffing with the 48 and 
overruffed by West with die 
49.- . ■ 

West paused to reconstruct 
South's hand. To account for 
his bidding, he must be 5-5 in 
the majors, and since he had 
two. dubs he must have a 
singleton diamond. Pleased 
with his calculations. West 
. cashed the OA and continued 
with the 42. 

Bor declarer had also beed£u- 
thihking. He took the 42 
with the King of Spades, 
cashed the 4A and put West 
on lead by playing the 41. . 
West had to play a diamond 
and dummy's OKJ took the 
fast two tncks. 

Cuprinol Ltd, Adderwell, Frame. Somerset B All INL 'feL (0373) 65151. 

Opening tab #5 

Declarer won . the lead in 
hand with; the . 4Q, and 
played the tfA, 'sTK and 
another heart. On the third 
heart West discarded a dub, - 

Had West preserved his 42 
South would have beea^r 
doomed, and East deprived 
of a _ chance of “comm- 
iserating" ’in 1 the port 





Elegance amid the elephantine: dining at the revamped Dolphin Square Brasserie 

Crest of the new wave 

In a quest for fine 
food Craig Brown 
discovers that 

Shona Crawford Poole finds simple solutions to the subtly sweet myste ri es of exotic Afghan dish es 

Noshe with a difference 

^ ■ Diana LMdbanar 

Two rather smart new restau- 
rants have opened m London 
recently, both of them out of 
the catchment area ofbusiness 
men on expense accounts. 
This will make it more diffi- 
cult for them to succeed, but it 
makes the prospect of their 
success all the more appealing. 

- The Dolphin Brasserie in 
Dolphin Square has been 
through all sorts of changes in 
Its time. It is curious to have 
an elegant restaurant in so 
elephantine a block as Dol- 
phin Square; more curious 
that the restaurant should 
overlook an indoor swimming 
pool; and curiouser still the 
rumour that first drew me to 
have breakfast there five years 
ago - actress Jill Bennett. I 
was confidently informed. 

, could be seen swimming there 
. every morning. 

Nestling croissants and 
cappuccino, 1 peered through 
the separating window on to 
... the pool, scanning the horizon 

but saw no one who looked 
1 even a little like JiU Bennett 
' Nor have I seen her -on 

- subsequent occasions. 

The novice whizz-kids be- 
hind the revamped brasserie 
?. have felled to resurrect this 
attractive rumour in their 

E ublirity push, though they 
ave taken the nautical sug- 
gestion of the place and, under 
■ the direction of Glynn Boyd 
• Harie and the meticulous 
. i craftsmanship of Guy Lob- 
bock, have converted the large 
room into an- ocean liner 
: fantasy. Handrails, dolphins, 
palm trees and starry skies 
- abound. The piano is cohered 
with painted shells and star- 
" . fish; a half moon harigsNfter 
the gents. ” 

Lying ofT-the beaten track, 
. •: the brasserie cannot afford to 
serve so-so food, and it has 
wisely derided to aim high- 1 

a brasserie swam 
in Dolphin Square 

had an excellent melange of 
noodles, crayfish tails, pine 
kernels and port, a combina- 
tion which sounded ludicrous 
but which, on taste, possesses 
a quietly playful logic. My 
companion's smoked salmon 
salad made up in looks what it 
lacked in character, and was 
nicely complemented by the 
sprightly Californian house 
white (£6.75). 

I was boring and went for 
the grilled lamb cutlets, too 
steep at £10.75, but perfectly 
pink within and lightly crisp 
without; my companion 
closed her eyes amid the bliss 
of a chicken breast poached in 
a saffron sauce; moist, tender, 
and — all too rare in restau- 
rants — from a real and once- 
clucking chicken. The 
vegetables were fresh, crisp, 
small and plentiful. 

The pudding menu tends 
towards the sickly, but then 
pudding people enjoy cocking 
a snook at dieticians with 
something like profiteroles 


The Dolphin Brasserie, ; 
Dolphin Square, London SW1 
(01-828 3207). Opening 
thnes: 750am-1 1.15pm every 
day. . 

The Launceston Place 
Restaurant, la Launceston 
Close. London W8 (01 -937 
6912). Opening times: 12.30- 
SLSOpm and 7.00-1 1 .30pm. 
Closed Sunday evening. 

with hazelnut praline ice- 
cream. Frustrated at the pros- 
pect of such richness, my 
companion demanded a lem- 
on sorbet conspicuously ab- 
sent from any menu. 

It came without a blink, 
resting in a wafer staft, sur- 
rounded by a blackcurrant 
coulis. My companion — a 
lemon sorbet person — pro- 
nounced it the tastiest she had 
ever eaten. Lunch works out at 
around £20 a head, but you 
could eat in the brasserie 
throughout the day. 

The Launceston Place Res- 
taurant is less obviously bright 
and breezy, but its. distin- 
guished arid pleasanl-looking 
clientele seems quite content 
to swap glamour for a bit of 
peace and quiet. It is light and 
spacious, with pretty pictures 
on the walls. 

The set lunchtime menu 
(£7.50 for two courses, £9.50 
for three) is changed every 
day. and if some aspects are 
not yet quite up to scratch (the 
chef seemed to have lost his 
nerve with the Mack butter 
. accompanying my skate), oth- 
er aspects most definitely were 
(a rhubarb and apple crumble 
with marvellously thick dot- 
ted cream, the crumble a 
perfect cross-section of dusty, 
crusty, stodgy and treacly). 

The wine list at Launceston 
Place has a happy selection of 
half bottles and dessert wines 
(Barzac £1.75 a glass). The 
underrated Sancerre ■ Rose 
(£10.75) is excellent for-lunch. 
Two black marks, though, for 
the weakness of the coffee and 
the weariness of the table 
flowers. But the service was 
efficient and good-humoured 
throughout, even when my 
companion tripped over, pull- 
ing- -down the coa island. 
Again, £20 a head, but much 
less for the abstemious. 

It is no surprise that the food 
of Afghanistan, noshe djan, 
has a lot in common with the 
dishes served in neighbouring 
Pakistan, Iran, Tibet, and, of 
course the southernmost 
readies of the Soviet Union. It 
has breads cooked in tandoor 
ovens, dry rice pilaus with 
fruit and nuts, and green teas 
spiced with cardamom and 
enriched with cream. 

In Afghan cooking vegeta- 
bles are as important as meat, 
and spices are as often used 
singly as in a mixture of equal 
parts of cinnamon, doves, 
cumin and black cardamom 
seeds called char marsaia — 
words not so very different 
from the Indian garam 
masala spice mixtures. 

Helen Saberi, an English 
civil servant who married an 
Afghan structural engineer in 
1972 and Uved there until the 
Soviet occupation in 1980, has 
written Afghan Food and 
Cookery*. All royalties will go 
directly to charitable organiza- 
tions working in Afghanistan. 

Do not be put off by the 
knowledge that cookery books 
written for good causes are 
usually uninspiring medleys 
of inconsistently written reci- 
pes. Helen Saberi's dishes are 
authentic, interesting and very 
cookable, as the following 
recipes, taken from the book, 
amply demonstrate. 

The traditional Afghan 
kitchen is simple and basic. 
Most cooking is done over 
wood or charcoal fires, which 
results in a wide selection of 
substantial one-pot meals. 
Many of the dishes are oily fay 
c urre nt European standards. 
Often the oil can be skimmed 
off after cooking, or in some 
msfts, reduced at the outset 
Norinj pilau is traditionally 
prepared with the peel ofbitter 
Seville oranges. This version 
of the dish is the one made m 
Helen Saberi’s family and, she 
says, is less sweet than many 
others. Use a. sweet orange 
when SeviOes are out of 
season. Norinj pilau reheats 

Norinj pilau 
Serves four to six 

450q (Hb) basmati rice 
120ml (4 fl oz) vegetable o?T 

2 medium onions, chopped 

chopped onions. Stir and fry 
them over a medium to high 
heat until golden brown and 
soft Add the meat and fry it 
until brown, turning it fre- 
quently. Add 6Q0ml (1 pint) of 
water, salt and pepper and 
cook gently until the meat is 

While the meat is cooking, 
wash and cut the orange peel 
into matchstick-sized pieces, 
removing as much pith as 
possible. To remove any bitter 
taste, put the orange strips 
into a strainer and dip first in 
boiling water, then in cold. 
Repeat this several times. Set 

' Make a syrup by bringing to 

the boft 120ml (4 fl oz) of the 
. water and the sugar. Add the 
orange peel, the flaked al- 
monds and pistachios to the 
boiling syrop. Boil for about 
five, minutes, skimming off 
the thick froth when neces- 
sary. Strain and set aside the 

700-900q (1 %-21b) lamb 

Add the saffron and rose- 
water to the syrup and boil 
again gently for another three 
minutes. Add the ground car- 
damom. . . 

To cook the rice, strain the 
meat stock, setting the meat to 
one side, and add the syrup. 
Make the syrup and stock up 
to 600ml (l pint) by addmg 
extra water if necessary. The 
oil will be on the surface of the 
stock and this should also be 
included m the cooking of the 
rice. . , , _ 

Bring the liquid to the boil 
in a large casserole. Drain the 
rice and add it to the boiling 
liquid. Add salt, the nuts and 
the peeL reserving about a 
third for garnishing. Bring 
back to the boil, then cover 
with a tightly fitting lid, turn 
the heat down to medium and 
boil for about 10 minutes until 
the rice is tender and the 
liquid is absorbed. 

Add the meat, the remain- 
ing peel and nuts on top of the 

rice and cover. Put into a pre- 
heated cool oven 
( 1 50°C/300°F. gas mark 2) for 
20 to 30 minutes. Or cook 
over a very low heat 
When serving, place the 
meat in the centre of a large 
dish, mound the rice over the 
top and then garnish with the 
orange peel and nuts. 

Serves four 

450 g (1 lb) aubergines 


250 ml (8 fl oz) vegetable oil 
450 ml (% pint) strained 

yogurt . 

110g(4oz) tomatoes 

1 medium onion, chopped 

2 doves garlic, peeled 

and crushed 

2 teaspoons dried mint . 

Vi teaspoon red chilli 


“This aubergine and yogurt 
dish is popular in Af g ha nis t an 

Salt and pepper 

Peel of f large Seville or 
sweet orange 

55g(2oz) sugar 

55g (2oz) blanched and 
flaked almonds 


% teaspoon saffron 




1 teaspoon ground green or 

1 white cardamom seeds 

2 tablespoons rose-water 
Afghans prefer the taste of 
mear which Jhas been cooked 
on the bone, and would chop 
the meat with ris bones, into 
serving pieces. Alternatively, 
use boned meat cut into large 

i cubes. 

Rinse the rice several times, 
until the water remains dear. 
Add fresh water and leave the 
rice to soak for at least half an 

Heat the oil and add the 

Tn< r4vntni for a chance 

. . A A J \ 

Chutra gashneetch 

Makes about 450g(ffi>) - 

Various salads, pickles and 
chutneys are popular in Af- 


Serves six to eight 

225g(8oz) fresh 
coriander, not the lower 

tions of familiar 

accompaniments to Indian 
dishes bot this fresh corian- 

600ml (1 pint) natural 


1 2 litres (2 Dints) water 

or roots 

— der chutney is more unusuaL . 

-13 cm (5ins) cucumber, - 

15 to 30g (’A to laz) hot 

green pepper, seeds 

And dogh makes a delirious 
cooling summer drink. 

peeled and grated or 
finely chopped 

Z l2DI85>puwo mioiy 

chopped fresh mint 

garfle, peeled * 

pepper, garlic and walnuts. 

1 teaspoon salt 

30g (loz) walnuts 

making sure that they are 

This yogurt and mint drink 
is very refreshing on hoi 
summer days. 

30g(1oz) sugar 

Add the sugar to the 

250ml (8fl oz) lemon juice 
or white wine vinegar 

lemon juice or vinegar and 
mix well. Add this to the 
— - coriander mixture with the 

Add the water to the 
yogurt in a large jug. Add the 
cucumber, fresh mint and 
salt Stir well and keep in the 
refrigerator until ready to 
serve. Roll on real summed 

About 1 'A tablespoons 

salt and raisins, mix again, 
put into a clean jar or jars, 

30g (1 oz) raisins. 


cover and store in the 

where it is eaten with freshly 
baked nan. bread, or with a 
pilau or plainer style of rice 
dish called a chalau. 

Wash and peel the 
aubergines. Slice them into 
rounds teem to 1cm ('Ain to 
'Ain) thick. Spread them out 
on a board or plate, sprinkle 
them with salt to draw out 
some of the water and any 
bitterness, and allow to stand 
for 15 to 30 minutes. Rinse 
and wipe them dry. 

Heat the oil in a frying pan 
and fry as many slices of 
aubergine as will make one 
layer. Fry it both sides until 
brown. Remove the slices 
from the pan, shake off excess 
oil and put to one side. 
Repeat with the remaining 
aubergines, adding more oil as 
necessary. (Aubergines soak 
up a lot of oil, much of which 
is removed at the end of 

Fry the chopped onions in 
the remaining oil until reddish 
brown. Slice the tomatoes. 
Arrange the aubergines, toma- 
toes and onions in layers in 
the pan, sprinkling them with 
a little salt and chilli. Add two 
or three tablespoons of water, 
cover and simmer for 40 to 50 
minutes, adding a little more 
water if needed- The sauce 
should be thick, not watery. 
Spoon off excess oil. 

Meanwhile, combine the 
strained yogurt with the garlic, _ 
a little salt and dried minL 

Pul half the strained yogurt 
on to a warm serving dish. 
Carefully remove the 
aubergines from the pan and 
arrange them on the yogurt. 
Top with the rest of the yogurt 
and any remaining sauce from 
the aubergines. Serve 

•Afghan Food & Cookery 
by Helen Saberi is published 
by Prospect Books at £9. 95 
( paperback , £6.95). 

Hertfs a wonderful opportunity to buy the 
new Magimix 2000 (or any new Magimix 
model) and receive this beautifully 
engineered egg whisk attachment 
absolutely free! It's superb for meringues, 
cream and souffles— yet another great 
Magimix feature, alongside the powerful 
"professional’ heavy duty motor (fully 
guaranteed for 5 years), Sabatier blades, 
dishwasherproof bowl, unique range of 
specialised accessories, recipe books to 
guide and inspire you and Gold Seal 
Service Guarantee. All the advantages 
that make the Magimix food processor 
the one recommended by the world’s 
best cooks. Choose them from 3 sizes, 
including the new family sized Magimix 
2000ataround£79.95 / \ 

(Ask your reLiter tor detete. 

Offer doses June 30.) 


Entertainers enter 
the summer lists 






3 nOC.'£*m m*™***^ 

The power 
that thinks 
for itself. 

Shore Road. Hyttie.' Southampton SQ46YB Tel: 0703 845565. 

Browsing through, the latest 
crop of wine lists is an 
entertaining exercise. We 
learn from Simon Loflus ot 
Adnams that be considers bis 
book Anatomy of the Wine 
Trade to be one of the few that 
was written to be read in the 
bath. Lome House Vintners. 
Die Muscadet specialists, are 
busy crossing swords with 
wine writers over supermarket 
recommendations. Robin 
Yapp extols the delights of a 
fish soup he discovered in Le 
Toucquet and "Rod" Waite of 
Sheraton Wine. C o mp a ny . 
proudly declares that he is a 
member of the Grand Order 
of. . . But he or his printers, 
forget to mention what. 

It all makes for an enjoyable 
read and a definite Improve- 
ment on the old turgid lists of 
a decade or so ago that rarely 
gave anything more than 
wines and their prices. Of 
them all Lay & Wheeler s list 
is still one of the largest and 

most comprehensive, with 

more than 1,200 different 
wines to chcbse from. 

The company is becoming 
increasingly interested in the 
private customer, its prices are 
competitive and the service 
excellent. Perhaps the sim- 
plest way of sampling Lay & 
Wheeler’s wares is to order 
Richard Wheeler's selection - 
12 different wines that he 
considers to be of outstanding 
value, and ready for drinking. 

The case, priced at £68.86. 
includes the delicious flowery 
and foil-flavoured Fleur de 
Champagne from Duval Le- 
roy. plus the splendid *82 
Reserve de la Comtesse. 
Pichon-Lanande's second 
wine and Churchill's vintage 
Character port. Write for this 
and Lay. & Wheeler’s list to 6 

Culver Street West, Colches- 
ter, Essex. 

Robin Yapp’s list is always 
one I look forward to. as there 
are always several nuggets of 
information (and wines, too) 
tucked within the text This 
year he rates the ’83 Brezeme 
as his most interesting new- 
comer. This red wine comes 
from a tiny, little-known vine- 
yard at Livron. hallway be- 
tween Valence ■ and 
Montelimar. and is made 
from pure Syrah. 

Yapp ’ Brothers' "summer 
-wine offers include the appro- 
priately named Something 
Fishy. This seaside case con- 
tains eight -bottles of Chfcreau 
85 Muscadet-sur-lie, plus four 
jars each of Serge Perard s 
fabled RouiUe and Soupe de 
Poissons. (£40 from Yapp 
Brothers. The Okl Brewery, 
Mere, Wiltshire). 

Adnams of Southwold s 
new list is. as always, one of 
the most handsome offerings, 
with beautiful photographs 
and an equally stylish text. 
Adnams may not offer the 
(fastest and most efficient ser- 
vice in thecountry. (apologies 
all round again this year for 
delivery problems) but the list 
of wonderful and unusual 
wines at keen prices cannot be 
feulted: (.Adnams. The Crown, 
High Street, Southwold 

The new Champagne House 
list (1 5 Dawson Place, London 
W2) is well-written, though 
occasionally slightly indul- 
gent. The informative, useful 
and correctly critical profiles 
on champagne houses are 
essential reading for any 
champagne lover. The low 
prices and superb service are 
another bonus. . 

Jane M&cQuitty 

T his attractive Guernsey 

cardigan is warm enough to 
double as a jacket when the weather 
requires. Made from 100% pure new 
wool it features a crew neck, patch 
pockets and two distinctive side slits. 
The cardigan is styled in classic 
Guernsey fashion with ribbing on the 
neck, cuffs and pockets. 

S uitable for men and women, the 
rftrrlipans are smart and comfort- 
able. Wear them with a variety of 
separates - warm woollen skirts and 
shuts or casual jeans and flannels. 
Choose from two stunning colours - 
bright red or traditional Guernsey 
navy blue in sizes 36 H -42". 

A welcome ...addition any 
/Ywardrobe — the strength and 
quality of the wool will ensure the 
cardigan provides mapy years of - 

PRICE £39.95 

Ad prices are inclusive of post and 

packing. Please allow up to 21 days for 

If you are not satisfied The Times will 
refund your money without question. 

Cardigan Offer, Bourne 1 
Bexley, Kent DAS 1BL. 
Tel: Crayford 53316 
for enquiries only. - 



| . too need to amplrtr re*p<W 

(Crayford) 0322-58011 
24 hours aday -7.da>» n 

1 enCiOSC Lucqucr tv w — 

payable to Times Guernsey Cardigan Offer. 

Or debit my Access/ Visa 

Signature ....... — — 

Expiry dale 

Send tot Tiroes Guernsey Zipped Cardigan 
Offer, Bourne Road, Bexley, Kent DA5 1BL 



Craytort 533 LG for enquire <*ly. 
Reg N& 894646. 



uL But 
les left 
9p and 
8p after 
iug by 
■sday. , 
which p, 
th a 38 I 
e and a 
sue on 
her 45p 

_an»b at 
id ReH- 
■n 3p. 

lOp to 
it at the 
lined 8p 
± New- 
a quiet 
»rice of »t 

its were 
u 49p- 
/’strati- ■ 
7 P ; 
eting at 


and Ofl 
ar-7 per ^ 


penning — , 
i, interest _ , 
rofii was — > 
was 781 

NVEST- — ! 

the six 
the divi- l0 ‘ 
« I0.8p — 
in £000, 

; 16,740 
lends — 

; 9.5 17). 

50) and 

(1,610), *i 
ton was 
Jem ex- 
05) and 

I T 

I I 
- I 

Mi! | 
■<86 1 


I rrfois attractive Guernsey zipped | _ I 

1 A rardipan is warm enough to j II 


















Please send me -Cardigans) as 

mticued below © £39.95 each. 







■ 1 1 I 1 ' 1 





AZ - 1 


r.— -7 ' ; .ia^aferr. - 7r.— 



' ^ T i 'si C'i-'Jrr ;v?: credit cavcic ;- 1 ?:' 3355 rnsrcALL i'jhs tja v ?: u:?;a:- ;i n i 


0p^ ol dcy teitii free e»h>bd ions and lunch time ramie. Coffee Shaft Buffet. Sort ond Rrwiida Cafe. 
■TOB»«ima^frifirt^g»iiigi.&^iherrw3n8ic«ot» OT BtBiBBCTondftaffam^fcocnourfhienidBivwfa. 


m| 1 Barbican Centre, Silk St, EC2Y 8QS 
01-636 6691 /62JS 6795 

Telephone Bookings: iQam-Spn-i 7 days a week 



MARK LAYCOCK conductor 

. Wim^QfJ*L*upMSu±< a ^Mc*wTUC*np*nao<i 





:vf|v .>* 

jqhm , 

£XC^l3~£f^O,OLSO 0I-*J8 8WI,Ul-6» S705 
John tHgtam Innmatmel Artbo Ltd. 

SATURDAY 1* JUNE u 8 pm 


h««» «**» ^..ytfSBPlPiP 

m i to «a HxrAOHMJ na 
aoSt aw, wvert Me. 

aBooncu»<wsi:v«7.« '.W. 
ToUU 500* 7*5. _ • : 


bjulv tdkw omet 

Ot *30 6123 

<>**•06 IW «r 

iwvmtMOcai na 
iM»M no6t» b*jr 


1 7616 CC 361 lftffl 

iiMAias. jodb4 






(RAW MnUng Mm Wo 

Ml Marta T.rf. fiur des I 

MM HMD UcNM tttr.pntt JnMAOMli twi» KnH*l« 
ConcmDK ire P eeBi ut e n Romance no inGANo 2inFto»*A 
orcn Hoax Poo Cane rt B II KJ8S 




TONIGHT at 730 pm 






■ k\BI Beetho v en SYMPHONY NOJ (EROtCA) 


P3LCAM. &JS0.G.LKS0. £050,4)030 HaO 01 -*28 JIH CC-OIAiS W00 


TOMORROW ai 7 JO pm 




R a riiii.uiili w . . RHAPSODY ON A TKEME OF PAG AKIN1 

ft, ’ d BOLERO 


A£^f6.£J'M.j£BJO.£,£ia50Hinoi-928 3i9i ccai-raaaoo 

B ndpa PiutnoM n C m nor; FM Martn Too a 
pmums >MnK Dmfc Tno n F nn On B 

qm £3 rasa 


(((t % for perfect gifts Tuei-Sun 1 Icm-7p.-r 

: Prelude Theme A Vanzncmx Rodney Bennett Rai i mnuo. ! 
uk Mago S Auotvo to a Rat FJ- Straum: Thame a 

ES.UO.E2 DotoNnCi 

Chapin Morning. Noaumea Op 1VJ. 

by drama Kam' 
i Concert PrOds/K 

LSe»we»OpJ4.Ban» i 

mao Op GO. Wrttz Op 43. Moortim QpJO/A Op4l/A Opl7«. Noo- 
bane Op27< l. Bui..--* OpSJ 

. £3 Me prog a fnaacoRaA uhenyonquMhaliar porttumaii c o 
' MTRKUMcCARTYwda ELLEN WECKLER pi*lo Hunnafc Sonata 
OpS No3. Rebccce Ctota Sonata it9l9h TRor Surtyr Rhapsody: 
BrtHmc Lachtymaa Reflections on a Sana by Oowland 0p4& 
Mm Sonata u E HU Op U0 t*x2 

EAM.taSaEZjge John HMiam IfTtamm^nol LM 

Sehabart thnaigli the Senoni of Rm Year. PngranuiM rfKhidw some 

■eti Unown end aoma raieiy hsant sonns by Schubwi. 

EA50. EL50, 0^0, E2 Efaabath Shumaf Conceit Manaofmwit 
MELOS QUARTET at Smogim Hayrtc SBRig Ouwtn m G 

Nai.Zamflmky;SinngOuanelNo 3 (i 9 ZX; BohncSMng Quartet ai 

AmawOpSl No2 £8. £5. £4. E3 Lata Romonttcs: Summer N mIHb 


Principal Conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli 



Monday Nos 2 June at 730 


Brahms: Violin Concerto 
Bruckner: Symphony No.4 

Sponsored by THE FRIENDS 
* ♦ 

Thursday Next 5 June ax 730 


Respighi: Fountains of Rome 
Takemitsu: Cello Concerto 
(Orion and Pleiades) British Premiere 
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 6 (Patbetique) 



Tuesday 10 June at 730 


Berlioz Harold in Icahr 
Schubert: Symphmy Noil (Unfinished) 
Debussy: La Mer 


TkIkk £S, £i T5./4.75. (h, &■*>> & *. £930.11 1 

Thursday 12 June at 730 


Beethoven: The Creatures of Prometheus — Overture 
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto 
Brahms Symphony No.! 

Spon sored b y GUEST, KEEN & 

Tmkro £J.£4 7S, J £6.i7JS 1 £BW.£ojo > £i| loldy , 
teMabte tram HaD :0 UCB JW( C.C. iOI J> 2i HBOOi 


JJj&J* TUESDAY NEXT 3 JUNE at 730 pm 


So nata m D major, Op.lO NaJ; 
Appassioaata Sonata; Les Adieus Sauna; 
Waldstein Sonata 

CL CS, £7JO.£IO.£IiSO Had (0148 ll«| i CC. 101^28 88001 

VICTOR BOCHHAUSER batwc «h*i NSO preaents u dw RPH 

FRIDAY NEXT fitfa JUNE at 730 


lanodooed and coodncsd by 


ROSSni: Oibsbc ■TOSan TiaP, RACBMAMNOVr Vm Cooano No 2 
DVORAK: ‘New WWiT Spaptooy 
j3.SH ft. W. B SO, nsn, i&SQ, BSD.BQ.’Xi Bwn Hril 928 319] I9X gaw 

1 a S mU Mw*k* ten Tetry Ua Dm. RkMrt Ulna hom 
t Connmo tor mop. Brtbm Sorenafc tor tmv ham. 
•wlan nm Dora Nobor Paemn 



at c3Rwia aes.Opii uansonatniMdctnurraa 
ss-ftorttGasoma oata Nutt 

wemwaart«« amBBranww g JantGna 

BridoatCnmehwU. JrawDoMCiar RayhN FmoUnona 
annatTnor Eltat K.4SB. Smtolc Carmans. SrtvdMit Th» 
gLnH>Rfld.0«S tlJOhmn 1 1 DO an. 

'MPin a mtnof Op St Na2 £6. CL £4. E3 Lam Romanics: Summer Nights 

Sunday UtECZYSUW l-OHlizQWSld pwo GubUath Annlwmy Coni 
i^n» W BadeTmo PrahjcW & Fugues. Mont Fantasa m □ mmor KJ07, , 

JBtan O n if ho rtu- Sonaa m 0 OpJa-Pattonir. Datumar CMdnarfa Comm; 
ChOpfeE Potonaar in C nnw Op JO NoZ limaranptu Ocl 3G. Bolra 

Jixta ALL SEATS SOLD Wigmore Summw N WhW 


ifw M anda lnu l ac Sonaw *n B Bat Op. 45 . Bach smtt Na 5 In C mWor 
JO P« -fhv tTnrrilT-^rtn Tinnninnirtiimn'ifinniiiliin iirnu 

OaSNoJ E. &M3.C 

ramJay HTiwLLuui sirwto QUAmCY 

'Jm* BoUmmt Strmg Quonrt In D OpiW NoJ; Boradh: SMno Quartot 
JO 1*1 No2 n D. StNAue SKYig Quarat in D rotnor OpS6 Vocos (monatf. 

W50- iA. E3. (2 WhgnKVB Sunanar Marts 

»*hl rat DOWLANO CONSORT Jatoiuiidb mi Bdr L»c»»w»: AP^rt 

Jaw ol Jotai OornMnd [1563-16g» with Warty CNan*. AAaow Crta 
IJOaM Smah CUmindmm. BtctarO Canmbaa. Timor Jonw utab Jahob 
tm d BaniMta OincptoqmidftgeMlttmaho^iyiquMhmMrDflil. 
<mday BWCMOPEpimio D aaitiort B :RonooaiBBBtSanaiainAimiOp.iiq' 
Juno OiopbK Four MotuMs. Anoanla spunra and Grande Pokxune 
30 pm Op 32. Mi McCabm BaM Paraphrase 'Mmy Outon ot Scott*. 
PMmaay: Fra Pirtudro from Bonfca Hail »r Dam tostMa Qnja 

E«atE3J0.i2£aa • PtoAiwSodwy 

leoday dahko MJLOJTVic.mMi ivana muuewc piano Mo»t Sonata 
Ame lor Volin 4 Piano ir ErrtnorfCW. PrrtekrSorunrw tor Vk*n& Plena; 
30 pm Fm 4 ra=SonabbrVuen A Pwn BnfaancSonau lor Violin & Piano 

Qp-ioa Msaiia.gsaiz HranJomm«lConc«n Agency 

UWMJ» gaMsrafcraw ^ ■■ dUnauWwd Mfl* piamm attwEN 
lam* COQPBLHyfa:S 0 naMinAtmMoel{V 146 .Srtmn»nn: 50 hralnF 
30 pm ScMmrt Sonata aiGDHM. 


mhoMlay NASHOCEMeu: ut^AHnsfnwzzMoiammlAijBnQwWpiano 
!***» Uonrt FW tnd conn aadbK Dow Boarti lor voee A smng qc 
3Dpw qmAM wtPmwVmamonall 930k CnaMteVmBalttM tor Bum caGa 
ptana Sbnan Halt Cahcmnea (1st pert): Ik Pibio Tno. 

Ct50 ji 5ftCZ j ai:2 ■ AmeGaFraedman 

Mpday A Timbie ikl mult ruLmNKft Oy Ji— 1 ftattn gma» and 
IJuno g^fcas Bonflng, (Ma. Feoand, FtaW hrarta, KMittun, \ym. 
^"P»n. S nmnm. Watadi. WaS. WMraa Jrnmbm Sura S 
Chra^tan Si Ql VMoLoUk Badunas BnaMim Bacb SuKa. 

j ft*a*mfQu 6HBt D2.ffl.ET.l5 MaaiotftBivFQurnmrAiamd 

tm 6 *ias aw« plaVers sunmn Sea sopCrawM fturgra 
IjbM ^Mt aiMO»*»»c8 « o.M»a»»w Shait»ypnoS<Xi3S. Sonatas etc by 
»|M Amo PiutfL HamM. Baattoraa. Btrtoc & Fake Bade Wedttna 
CmsattCyrh Scott WymcFraasy. 

Ic4j0.t3jqcaaxf2 Arartua. 

Music of Eight Decades 



LOTHAR ZAG ROS EK conductor 

See Saab Balk pmd far deeda 
FtvOnirart Hitt In the BFH WatErtoo Room ai *J5 pm 
janes DCBoo m aanenaoao web Rnptr tTrpfaL 
ArfnnjnnvJrpr by coooen oJn 


SUNDAY 8th JUNE at 7.30 


Ci.tif.jd. ftSO, £9J0,£H)3 Q 
MONDAY 16 JUNE k 7.45 pm 
A Piano Recital by 


Dwi b w ea FUREUSE 

jTVu Bortbowcn . . . PIANO SONAJA NOJ7 IN E MINOR 





la aisaciaihn wh h Aiqjlo Swfas Artises and C ahanbta Aitfaes 


Piano/ Director 


WEDNESDAY 18 JUNE ac 7,45 pm 








ft50.fl.90, riO-SD, £1230, £15 

in ameiciatiaa with Barbican Centre and BarritM/FstTMlaL 
WEDNESDAY 25 JUNE af 745 pm 












ft-fttP. ftS>.ft5O,£U130 
SATURDAY 28 JUME«8 pjn. 







ft.Lb.£7.ft5d.L9JO.£IQSO . 

MONDAY 30 JUNE at 745 pjn. 


Proeinc Amialof the Queen id SbcimZadiik the Pnesc 
■ Whoe'er Voo Walk ftwn Snnek; Siaaid an Aten zad Sk 

d* Conqa'cms: Hero Comes hum Judas Maccabeus; The 
■ |A*Hm' Ha rmooio m H b rinmidi ; HaBriujth Chons end HVry 
UaQf VaBcyhom Mosa*; The Water Music Sonic; Music far 
the Royal fin w ta 

jC5,£6,£T.ftJ0, i r9J0,£!0J0 

Bn Office (01428 non CnhiCvdi <01-69 88911 

JOIN OUR FREE MAILING UST, Wn* » Raytocod Gobbuy LttL. 

125 lannbra Cowl RaaL Laadao W] ar pha* 01-387 2082 


SUNDAY 15tb JUNE at 7.30 


— - -Oy. - mbialHVi NG MAGPIE* walk" 


CBffiC-— PIANO CONCERTO NWOfU 1TJO Mats Wed, ai 2J0 




£10-50, £9.50, JXS0, £7. ft fiom ban 638 889U628 8795 daily ioc. Sundays 

— — ALBERT Ol 830 3878 QC 3T9 

Tmsarn 260 ttow arm mao A 


I H 

19 JUNE 


PHONE NOW 01 8341317 OT828473!> 


THE LONDON FESTIVAL ORCHESTRA in association vrith BRITISH GAS presents 


Summer Festival of Musk in Cathedrals 

LF0, Popfe. Soloists, Gbobs A Orgaaists 

R0CISSTBI CatbedraL SAJDHDAT 31 MAT 7J0ftn. Tida!&fKS4)(9HS 
LUUHMFF CtitadtH. SATURDAY 7 JUNE 7300m. Tbtats p tr r pmm 
BRtSTDL CathuJcd. THURSDAY 12 JUNE 730pm. Tfcfctt ttttt gST M \ 
RIP0N CaflmH. SATURDAY 14 JUNE 730pm, TtcWs {W Sgt llM. 
BHHBDRSH SI May's, fttawstef Pba. SUNDAY 15 JUNE 7JQpBL 
Tickets (031)228 1155 

«w MSI oe 57* MU 
cc Hem* 4W ww. 


M Pin Pm ndu 2.30 6. 

Tjmv ut nmea a An 


EM* 7 JO M*B TIM * SM 2X - 
ma c e m wra mwmm ran ok 

■ MBi WM gR RHI 
oct 4 mcoia cwumTT ns 
ww m ui tt iwj i — atuiu 

N0OB836 2N<cr3<OMl 
T4I «M9E«*»TlM3Sat8/BJC 


Samara Dram* A«una 


Aa Ora Ftvrtnr 


[i J‘“- 

Saturday, June 7th, 1986 at 730 pjn. 


RAD Efiott Cattwrim Dndoy 

a — a an.-a-t - ^ mmm mm 

iKJOn Mnromoon Bsanvnrar at IT 

Tfchals tarn Forawod BooUasa, Patacm Stmt CMarimy 458600 
£6J0. £&50 l E 3S0, CL50 attl at On door. 

836 9837/7*1 9999/2*0 7200. 
EW ■ Thus Sal 8 0 8JO 


Itmlrt Ora — A—rt MM 


*800. 73* 9838. O n* Cara 
Mammal* SM& 7*1 9999. cm 
SM) 830 3902.-930 8123. 




*mvi> Essex jam ws bouh- 
rr am arr « taonm 

Eum to Malt WM 568*8 
him MMdnt parted now oparte 
tad oi O tamaBw 

FUH I DM. S CC836 223S/9 CC ’ 

741 9999 Evt 8 FH* Sat 66840 F98NCE KSWJUtO Mm Omrt 

COMEDY OF THE YEAR ^“weT Sa^ ? *Hr?Sni 


au m eiut m oaB Bm/ese 

88 tn CC CMo&Sun lOMnJtan) UP AND UNDER 

boval shakespeahe “Oaeciriiic-teiafcMaMiimmMm- 

..2°^ESS2L waaottB ptayi you ar « tvtr aaara 

■AMMAN 7WEAHUC item hi jm. TOTALLY HYSTljjaEiL" 
200 & 7-3a Mon & Toes 7 JO ObT'A IOr' i Eras 
mephkto frara me mmi ay nn Tnrnn 

Kuna Mann. atm. by Adrae 

Mnouchlcln*. « An TBOL n amira a ni*M 4 
LUS * CRESSfDA. Book No« 

eOUBEDM S 836 3181 OC 2*0 

Toot 7 Jo Me Wknaia, 
Tue 7.00 Thaltnh a* High «aa. 

with me laaim — ilHia i ■ li 

Ch ttn aha. U Ptfl 18 A maaS. 
OUT. Possible Mira only 
BOX OFFICE 0273 812*11. 


Garden. WCZ.- , 01-2*0 

1066/1911. CCS Standby tufa 
01-836 8903. MamSM 10am- 
8pnL 88 amaM seas ana* fRam 
loam on the day. TlcfceU; Op- 
era from £7.60. BUM bum 

Tom 7.00 The Royal Oynra 

Carmen, mm 7 JO Eugane 

SABLEirS WELLS 278 8916. 


cc Boakmi 838 3*6* Op Stem 
930 8133 

MterSatB. Mt TDnra A Sal 3.00 



* OF A S H OW NaawHt 

fu BRICK . » 01-836 46QL CC 

^ 7300 . Cm SaM> 930 8123 . EUS B FWOICE OF WALES t » -930 8881 

miiraioci »Vja w «*> mat SM. sat M ma wo /2 comma# 930 084* /$/6Cn> 


CAf/DQ-AfO by Gte rdatvo Bro- WF*PC Burraru 7*i 9999 . fm Ote: a*nr 7 day 

no. A-8 June REAL CREAMS WcKcUKtlOtl -Timnffi™ 

Book Now tar THE DEAD ' l ~ ~ T ~ °™ B 

MONKEY barrack Matm OUWC 4J7 109B. CC 3T* 8*33. ^SEVEN HEUMS TOR 

lO Jnb-. Ftrat Can 3* hr T D* cc 2*0 (rcimi mTnumon 

7200. Orp Sate* 930 8123. Em* _htVtN KKUI H fcKh 

B. Mara Wed 8 . Sal *. ' 

Mata Tim A Sat 230 - jSwFKawST - *jMVRJfIN KAVDP* E Shorter. 

iWMT THEATRE 01-930 mOHALP H OLCAT E Em 7 ja MM TTwr A Sat 3 . 

2878 . First Ctel 24 hr 7 day CC MR BAR R OW 

240 7200 LEND ME A TENOR 



THE TPP"Gdtt . 

«*nr» 01-73* 11*6. 73* 
1167. 73* 0261. 73* 0120, *39 
38*9. *39 4031. FhatCaOQC.24- 
w 2*0 7200 Cro Sates 930 6123. 

THEATRES * K «« y 

^^^wub' 2 TOLY 

__ r.u a itO Y THEATIK Box Odtee 

^?ftf51?5£»S , LS'5fS,TS43 01.930 2878 Fir* Can 2*-lwar 7 
£ SP22}. day a Vkto 01-2*0 720 0 

SJSJS!^S.?yJiS.?9 ’BavnaranahcniThim 


vwy funny tad— d" Ok r -Aa UU W aa TOD MUCM“ Today MAuOlfc 

as plorafl ap a Royal "Aa i» ra a rhte la m laa at Ha St aimi ow 

FTmdt” P Tet. A tweramte Ptaarn Wn Brttlrti - R rarthr is 

Wf *— y* * J Ttenex 
A comedy W Ken Ludwig 
Directed tty David CBmore. 


-TRUMPET vowircuor 


by CHARLES WOOD HAMPSTEAD 722 9001. Pnu " 

DtrecWd by ROH HULt unm wed. Eve* Boat- FAYE <AVOT Box otSce 01-83* 8888 

Erai Namys au i 3 8 JO JjB*W*T«4 -SS?? OC OI-S79 8219. 83* 0*79 Evgs 

J* **.*™* - WHH in C8RCK * BRAVO by 746. WM 3 Sat 6 A BJO 

mat «tec* MM 21 D—rtd hut DfeKM by -MICMAEL FRAVNT AWARD 

— Har uM Platen. wHSKINC FARCE now w rre 

0TTE9LOC T 928 2202 OC . ’ ’ . STH YEAR » STILL ONE OF 

(Natfaxrai iTbentre-s sort aodl- m weir «■«■» THE FUNNIEST TSWKIS IN 

lortuno Today 2 JO A 7 Ja TOWN.- S TBm 16/2 8 * 

Mon 7 JO. me n June 10 to 1 * qm tSTOPHFH OCfDWIN 

Iasi perta FUTUHlSre tty Duny STEPHANIE HUM 


A New Poor by ‘ Hmert, 

"a*W*j9nTT « SPAHW 

Dranu tty Peter TMm. 

ROYAL eDDRY SCC 730 17*8 

j *m 

foray. “A MU A camphw 
NdT S.TSnws- 

i‘i? \\nw 



Introduced and conductedbyBAREY WORDSWORTH 
£3 50 £ 5.60 £ 6^0 £ 7 JO £ 8 .60 from Hall 589 8212/689 9465 
TichatnuMtercc (daily incSuna) 37 B 6433 


Annoc Dimeter fUehard tSdura 


John Whitfield, dmxtnr 

Royal Opera House 

In atsodarion tmh 

Scon Cnnn Tromoticnulimiied 


Elisabeth Sdderstrom 


Boris Bloch piano 

A programme of songs by Schnbert, Liszt, Grieg, 

Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov. 

Thursday 19 Jane at 8.00pm 

Thomas Allen baritone 
Geoffrey Parsons piano 

A programme of Lieder by Schumann and Brahms. 

Sunday 29 June at 8.00pm 

Paata Rurchnladze bass 
Lud mila Ivanova piano 

In association with Scott Concert Promotiona 
Limited and Ibhs and Tillett. 

A programme of works by Tchaitovnlcy, 

6063 CC 379 6*33 GrOUi Sales WnBUE V 928 2282 OC 
836 3962 UNTIL 26TK JULY (NMkmal ITbrarTs sort awtt-. 

TTIM urn rp Uaiuud Today 2JO A 7 JO. 

ILHVl nuux Mon 7 JO Pin June lO In 14 


•A Ram W— d r— Theatrical 
Evttrt* Uhl 

THWHOWir Tlnws. 
■l l OT Hm i fa SHORT or 

FUnjMSTSby croty oia*0 E&Tt S olStt 2™*^ 


MHUH0K.S 930 3218 CC 579 
656G/379 6433/7*1 9999. Cm 
836 3960. Evm a 00, Thu nal 
2-30 SW 8JO & 8 JO 

D Mall 

wra m isZ aoo axx wggj^ 




— chra i—H i , -rtra rs Tarn otr bm mkhael blafemorc 


Sonzci ib F K.497 tor 2 praaos zuwjued far wind emonble 
Serenade in F (In KJol fat 13 ambJ ssnumrnB 

PURCELL Fury Qaeen. Suhr af Dancet 
BACH Bmltflbui Goncenn No. 5 m D 
SinwB Scaodage DoLc Oobinx haWhiasa 
Chy of London Sarfanta 

Sunday 6 July at 8U)0pm 

Ticheta £4^32.50 
Bcscrvutdna 01-240 1066/1911 
A <=<=«»iA r ra»/rHocr« anb 

ittSSET "* WmtSoniai 

■T ^r . fi miTt OOT ORCHESTA* BMnra 

c 2i“^ h#m b^i ■ nd 

ijazE byrap bpfnc po em -QrptiWH Driamty: Jem. 
gBteAitiEirSfnniifaw AflnmiinhyMiiajhrkMi 





JJI. d'Angiebert, D Buxtehude, A. Fonjocray, J. 5 . Bacti 

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Aldeburgh Festival 

of Music and die Arts WMftw 

6-22 June 1986 

Goodail conducts Parsifal Act TTr 

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■ *»^v. r:- 




_ '^jMgh Dalton by Ben Plmtott 
^ r^MaemlHaft, 212.95) 


• ? When this large book — 624 pages of 
. -narrative — was first pablished last 
--- year U was greeted with a chorus of 
'upraise behind which f detected an 
element of surprise that a biography 
• "Vof Hugh Dalton could justify ' such 

* -.^iftetaited and expansive treatment 
' * v x.^ Today Dalton's name does not have 

resonance of Attlee, Bevin, 
u , r ^rCripps or even Herbert Morrison. 

One of the achievements of Ben 
7 Pimlott’s masterly biography is to 
convince one that it should. 

For ail Dalton's faults which, like 
the rest of him. were large and loud, 
S.. , • he played a commanding role in the 
‘ . .^Aafcwur Party, the Labour Govera- 

''ment, and the development of post- 
•rj-war Britain. In addition, Pimlott’s 
«- u v wacute and unflinching, analysis of 
^ ^Dalton's background and private 

* T* H^xlife throws light on his public career. 

... .Dalton was a vulnerable pachyderm 
v- and beneath the thick skin there was 
• an almost tragic void.. 

Born in 1 $87, the son of a canon 
- of Windsor who had been tutor to 
Prince Eddy and the future King 
: - ^George V, educated at Eton and 
King’s College, Cambridge, Dahon 
-reacted strongly against his courtly 

c At Cambridge he met, and was in 
r-'.^due course dropped by, Rupert 
Brooke. He also became a socialist 
’ : "^?£AJnIoved by his parents and on bad 

. tenns with his sister, he found it 
impossible throughout his life to 
establish a dose relationship with 
.any contemporary. His marriage 
rasa desert and the early death of 
his and Ruth's only daughter a 
(billing tale of neglect 

It was in public life that he 
expressed himself In the years up to 
the Second World War, his most 
important contribution: as a Labour 
MP was made on the party's 
National Executive, where he 
played a crucial role in developing 
Labour policy and in steering it 
away from pacifism to a cautions 
support of rearmament 

Ciuring the war at the Ministry of 
Economic Warfare and the Board of 
Trade Ire proved himself a formida- 
ble minister, loathed by senior civil 
servants but regarded with affection 
by their juniors. At the same time he 
was largely responsible for die 
policy on which the Labour Party 
went to the country in 1945. 

There followed the apogee of his 
career, the years at the Exchequer. 
Pimlott convincingly argues that his 
achievements as Chancellor have 
been misinterpreted and misunder- 
stood. Dalton's reputation has been 
unmade by two groups of people: 
Conservatives, to whom he was a 
class traitor and who hated him 
more than any other Labour politi- 
cian; and economists who were 
liberal Keynesians. 

Dalton was never a Keynesian, 
partly for personal reasons but 

CTU 's 

Hot brides: Vicky’s portrayal of Hngh Dalton at war, when he proved a formidable minister 

above all because he was a socialist, 
perhaps the only truly socialist 
Chancellor we have ever had. 
Keynes believed that his theories 
would save capitalism. Such was 
hardly Dalton's aim. He liked 
controls, he believed in rationing 
and, more than anything else, he 
believed in equality. Faced with a 
choice between increasing produo 
lion and reducing inequality he 
would, 1 am sure, have chosen the 

Dalton's life, public and private, 
is full of puzzles. For example, after 

his leak before his last Budget, why 
did Attlee so readily accept his 
resignation and, given Dalton's 
position, how was he able to? One 
answer, suggested by Pimlott, is that 
neither Attlee nor any of his 
colleagues wanted Dalton to stay. 
“All at the top agreed”, John 
Freeman said, “that Dalton wasn't 
one of them." All his life he was an 
outsider who excited among con- 
temporaries instant distrust. But to 
the stable of young politicians 
whom he trained and supported, he 
was approachable and stimulating. 

Country diatribes of Regency ladies 

- ’ There were,- it appears, “a 
. hundred good women writers 

** «-*,,_ before' Jane Austen” — a 
statistic most people would 
- -Lfind surprising and which the 
” j «*. tit Pandora Press is using to 
. .introduce its new series, 
•- - “Mothers of tire Novel”. 

Pandora is reprinting novels 
of forgotten- 18th and 19th- 
' century women writers so as 
‘-4?,io demonstrate that their ob- 
* *• >* ? scurity is not due to incompe- 
tence. but because they are 
V*." languishing in a Dark Age of a 
*«* , : »^--«iale.-dominaied literary 
establishment's making. 

Charlotte Lennox’s The Fe- 
male Quixote is a hilarious 

- and fascinating book. The 
heroine, Arabella, is an intelli- 

* * 12* gem, weB-educaied giji whose 
— perception of reality has been 
-*"" •*«*•* distorted by lBth-centnry 
‘French romances. As,a result, 
* she consistently misinterprets 

The Female Quixote, or ' 

The Adventures of ArabeBa by 
Charlotte Lennox; Befinda, 
by Maria Edgworth; SeH 
Control, by Mary Brunton 
(all published by Pandora, 

£4.95 each) 

everything — innocent young 
men are scheming, potential 
rapists; highwaymen are noble 
knights come to rescue her; 
and she expects her admirers 
to die at her command. 

The pernicious effect of 
injudicious novel-reading was 
a constant theme of the time, 
and in Maria Edgwonh’s 
Befinda it causes the downfall 
of the virtuous young epony- 
mous heroine, who gees to 
stay with the older, worldly 
Tady TJeJacoufin order to be 
introduced to London society. 

Lady Delacour is a complex 
character: witty and generous, 

she has wasted her youth in 
the pursuit of trivial Measures, 
but believes it is too late to 
repent, as she is dying of a fetal 
disease. The friendship of the 
two very different female 
characters is portrayed in a 
lively style that makes it 
initially possible to ignore the 
author's more unsubtle 

Then disaster strikes, as 
Lady Delacour is allowed to 
survive her “fetal disease” 
and reform. The reader’s relief 
that such a fascinating charac- 
ter has escaped death turns to 
dismay; the repentant Lady 
Delacour is intolerably duff 

Mary Brunton’s Self Con- 
trol is also rather disappoint- 
ing, although his considerably 
more readable than the title 
would suggest. Laura is far 
from being the unforgiving 
prude who vows never to see 

her suitor after be has kissed 
her “assertively on the Ups” — 
she is just an innocent girl who 
assumes Colonel Haigreave's 
attentions are leading towards 
an offer of marriage, and is 
understandably dismayed and 
hurt when she learns what he 
does have in mind . . . 

Self Control starts out by 
describing Laura's struggle for 
independence in the face of 
genteel poverty, and in a very 
avant-garde development she 
attempts to support herself as 
a painter. Instead of persever- 
ing at this, however, she 
becomes companion to a bad- 
tempered relation and the 
novel turns into a standard 
story — will she escape the 
persecutions of her rejected 
lover and many the right 

Annabel Edwards 




The Matter of Wales by 

Jan Morris (Penguin, E435) 

Jan Morris is the sort of 
writer who gives tbe Welsh a 
good name, because she has 
wit as wefl as hwyLThis epk 
view of a small country, by 
one of oar best travel writers 
and popular historians, is 
written with passion as weO 
as style. It sur rey s the 
principality from Owen 
dendower to the misty and 
interesting futo/e. 

It is n celebration as wefl 
as a history of the literatme 
and folklore, the bmkfings 
and craggy scenery, the na- 
tional character and hnmoBr, 
the idiosyncrasy of Wales 
tint makes ns all secretly 

wish that we were Welsh: i 
though we would never admit j 
it to the cocky Leelries. ^ 

Perceval: The Story of 
the Grafl by Chrdtten da 
Troyes, translated by 
Nigel Bryant (Boydea & 

Brewer, £935) 

One of the foundation docu- 
ments iff European civiliza- 
tion, this famous romance 
has never before bees entire- 
ly tr anslated fom rngKA 
The dramatic adventnres of 
Perceval, intertwined with 
those of Gawain, are iff 
interest to anybody stirred 
by high romance. 

Nigel Bryant’s unobtru- 
sive and sensitive version 
jndnde e the cj o nt h mn tim es by 
poets who were drawn to the 
quest for the GraO, and 
shows how Chrttien's enig- 
matic picture of it was re- 
solved by later poets. 

Philip Howard 

Eliot under the 
scholar’s glass 

!— TS. EDob A Study in 
it Character and Style by Ronald 
‘ Bush (Oxford, £64)5} 

According to Pimlott, there is no 
evidence that he was homosexual in 
the physical sense. It is dear 
nonetheless that the friendship of 
good-looking, intelligent young men 
from Rupert Brooke in his youth to 
Tony Crosland in his later years 
provided the most comforting and 
comfortable human relationships 
he experienced in a life of consider- 
able achievement and noisy, flam- 
boyant activity, which was alarming 
in ibe void that underlay it alL 

Mark Bonham Carter 

There have been so many bad 
books about T.S. Eliot that it 
is a great relief to find a good 
one. It is by a Californian 
professor and is well-written 
in the judicious style of Amer- 
ican scholars that faintly re- 
calls Henry James. 

Professor Bush has done an 
enormous amount of home- 
work and set the poems into 
context in Eliot's prose writ- 
ings and in the books that 
influenced him, particularly 
tbe French ones. Tbe picture 
he paints of Eliot’s progress 
through life is completely 
convincing, from Prufiock to 
the Quartets. It is full of 
valuable insights into particu- 
lar poems and, as a whole, it 
makes Eliot more understand- 
able as a man, and Jonelieras a 
writer, and yet more rooted in 
the recent past. It is not the 
whole truth — it allows per- 
haps too little for humour — 
but from a literary point of 
view it is perfect. 

Its best virtue lies in not 

Wasteland than the first state- 
ment of a new resurrection 
theme, however faltering. It is 
at least an interesting exercise 
that this book should relate 
the new theme rather to style 
than to religion. 

This underlying, hard- 
nosed attitude to poetry was 
the necessary step in Eliot 
criticism, and it has removed 
what used to seem intractable 
problems in his work. Still, 
Eliot was a deep and multiple 
writer, and there is room for 
critics of different kinds. We 
have uot come to the end of 
Eliot's religion. 

His own supremacy as a 
critic is no longer unchal- 
lenged; he is on the way to 
becoming as dated as Matthew 
Arnold. His supremacy for 
religion and seriousness no 
longer commands the assent 
or respect it once did. What 
survives best are his mighty 
powers as a poet, but even 
there his rather secret deci- 
sions about style, and about 
what poetry is or can be, need 
nowadays to be illuminated. 

For those who believe, as I 
do, that he was tbe greatest 

One ends up liking 
and respecting 
him more than ever 

that Eliot was a great poet, 
greatest in fragments as Pro- 
pertius was, and perhaps 
Donne, but also mighty in his 
architecture, well-read and 

It must also be true as usual 
that the style was tbe man, and 
the chan ges in the style must 
indicate changes in the man. It 
is this relation of character 
and style that Professor Bush 
has so convincingly traced. 
One ends up liking and re- 
specting Eliot more than ever. 

One can test such a book by 
its footnotes. They are admi- 
rably scholarly and wide-rang- 
ing and constantly open new 
perspectives. It must have 
taken considerable discipline 
to relegate them to the back of 
tbe book for fear that they 
might impede the fruitless 
lucidity of the main argument 
They contain the material for 
numerous monographs and 
intuitive essays. 

1 found it extreme fy useful, 
for example, to have a brief 
history of attitudes to The 
Hollow Men* which (I agree 
with Bush and Helen Gard- 
ner) is less a coda to The 

Liberating: TSl Eliot " 

poet m English of this century, 
ft is extremely important to 
have this full and sober analy- 
sis of bow be came to write as 
he did. Those others who are 
tempted to erode bis reputa- 
tion, or dismiss the modern 
movement as an eccentricity, 
could learn salutary lessons 
from Professor Bush. Eliot 
was in some ways a one-man 
modern movement, but in 
deeper ways a one-man main- 
stream of English poetry. He is 
a liberating writer, and The 
Four Quartets really are the 
crown of a lifetime’s devotion. 

Professor Bush has an accu- 
rate eye for images, and an 
accurate ear for tone in poetry. 
In his reading. The Four-. 
Quartets are the most terrify-, 
ing presents any poet has 
offered us for a long time. 

Peter Lew. 

xL But 
>es left 
9p and 
$p after 
ing by 
Tier fig- 

• which 
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sue on 
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■u * • • 

• vr*-tr 


By Peter Waymark 

Mellowing of a 
£ master Mason 


James Mason, who died in 
1984, made mare than 100 
films and must have regretted 
. many of them. And yet now 
that his career can be judged as 
. a whole, and time has lent 
. detachment, he emerges as 
■ one of the finest screen actors 
. Britain has ever produced. 

Hi s career had three phases. 
'Entering films in 1935, he first 
came to general attention 
. during the Second World War, 
as the man-you-love-to-hate 
. • sjirof the melodramas The Man 
Grey. The Seventh Veil and 
- *£The Wicked Lady, exuding an 
<< evil charm that captivated 
audiences happy to Jose them- 
selves in wartime es ca p i sm . _ 

. * The climax to what in 
t . • - ■“* retrospect can be called his 
.• “British” period . was Carol 
Reed's Odd Man Out. a film of 
„,*■ " extraordinary power and im- 

agery, a text-bode for the 
young Francois Truffaut, 
which followed Mason’s last 
stand as a terrorist on tbe run 
in Belfast. 

At which point, with tbe 
British cinema at his feet. 
Mason loudly bit tbe hand 
that fed him, denounced J. 
Arthur Rank and all his 
works, and to tbe consterna- 
tion of his vast following 
decamped for Hollywood. But 
instead of turning him into a 
new Cary .Grant, America 
nearly buried him. 

The second age of Mason, 
which lasted from the mi d- 
1940s to the early 1960s, 
seemed, at the time, a period 
of lost opportunity when at 
best he marked time but more 
often took unworthy parts in 
bad films. The current verdict 
on these years is kinder. 

They included, for instance, 
his famous impersonation of 
Held Marshal Rommel in The 
Desert Fox, the bizarrefy sur- 
real Pandora and the Flying 



1 Ability u> gel by (&S) 
9 Monarch V-Trryseir 
' Hi 

If t *0 Moses’s Mount (5) 
V: II Pair (31 
.'.13 Din fihn (4) 

16 DenW 

„ ^ 17 Non Roman writing 


18 Hand over (4) 

20 Gumbo (4) 

21 Join together (4.2) 

22 Communist Woe (4) 

23 Indian horse servant 


. 25 Dream Queen (3) 

28 Cheek powder (5) 

* - ' 29 Give account offD 

.I 30 Napoleon exile isle 
l ** (5.6) • 

DOWN (63) 

v . 2 Tapestry hanginglS) \2 Cereal spirit (6) 

* 3 Oven <-») 14 Restrict (3) 

4 Split (4) 15 Philippines ehk 

5 As well (4) (6) 

6 Pillaged 19 Polish Deltoid ( 

7 Pseudonym (33.6) (7> 


ACROSS: I Borsch -5 Assent 8Asn 
BUh p Hula-hula l4 4ayw«v 17 

9 Simmer I0P!«ttl> « 

Charm: Mason and Lockwood in The Wicked Lady 

Dutchman with Ava Gardner 
and one of his finest perfor- 
mances. as an actor on the 
skids, in tbe musical re-make 
of A Star Is Bom. 

And then, from about the 
period of his Humbert Hum- 
bert in Lolita, Mason started 
to become appreciated- There 
were many more mediocre 
films, but these could some- 
how pul be aside as attention 
homed in tbe actor’s virtues, 
his polish, his intelligence, his 

[ sensitivity. 

In his third phase Mason 
came to be revered and trea- 
sured and his very last screen 
appearances, in The Shooting 
party and the television film 
of Graham Greene'-S Dr Fi - 


La Bette el La B«» ft 946): 
Modern fairy story, dazzlmgly 

8 FreMowo republic » „ nuT, s ^« 3> 

(63) 24 Hunger for (5) 

12 Cereal spirit (6) 25 Intend (4) 

14 Restrict (3) 26 Second Hebrew letter 

15 dwrt v 

19 Polish Deltoid river 


‘ .Sumo 24Suaa 25 ^SL, 26 iSAppa! «S loth 7 Nig- 

/■“’Abate 21 Evade 23 Moose ■ 




Interpreted byJean 
Cocteau (BBC2. todayZ30- 
4pm). Also on B8C2 today ■ 
are Cocteau’s Orphde and Le 
Testament d’OrpMe 


a ss a ss inate de Gaulle (i n/, 

Niagara (1952): Marilyn 
Monroe ptottfng to murder 
husband Josef* Cotton 
[Channel 4, today, 11 JOpm- 

1 . 10 am). 

Ottietto (1965): FSm record 
nf i tturenca OBvier's great 


taieof dirty deeds on a fast 
train (Channel 4, Wed. 

10-1 1.45pm). 

Wfl Success Spofl Rode 

Kuitei? (1957): Jayne 
Mansfield In a joyouaffltat 
TV commercials (BBC2, Thurs, 
6.40-8.1 Opm). 

Lucky finds amid films and football 

For those with a minimal 
interest in football, juggling 
the television schedules next 
week will be a complicated 
exercise in how to avoid the 
World Cup. Take out the 
soccer and the admittedly 
be txer-than -average crop of 
old movies and there is not a 
lot left. . . 

Connoisseurs of the mini- 
series will no doubt turn to 
Kane and Abel (BBCl. Tues, 
8-9pm and 9.30-1 0.50pm; epi- 
sode two on Thurs at 9.30pm) 
which brings lo the screen the 
deputy chairman of the Con- 
servative Party's best-seller 
about power, passion, re- 
venge, passion and so on. 

Produced by one Michael 
Grade before be became con- 
troller of the channel now 
showing it, Kane and Abel is 
everything a mini-series has 


come to be: apparently end- 
less, with excruciating dia- 
logue and, if you are in the 
mood (a few drinks before- 
hand are advisable) uninten- 
tionally funny. 

Playing Jeffrey Archer's dy- 
namic duo, the poor Polish 
boy who becomes a tycoon in 
the United Slates and the rich 
American boy who also be- 
comes a tycoon in the United 
States, and whose story of 
power, passion, revenge etc fill 
out nearly four hours of screen 
time, are Peter Strauss and 
Sam NeilL 

Passions are also stirred in 
Letters To An Unknown Lover 
(Channel 4, Thurs, 9.30- 

1 ! .25pm). Based on a novel by 
Bofleau and Narcejac, the 
source for Hitchcock's Verti- 
go. it is a tale of two sisters in 
occupied France and their 
relationship with an escaped 
prisoner. Cherie Lunghi stars 
and the director is Peter 
Duffel 1, whose most distin- 
guished work for television is 
Caught on a Train with Peggy 

BBC2’s antidote to tbe 
World Cup is generous cover- 
age of the Barf) FestivaL Six 
programmes reflecting this 
year’s festival theme of tbe 
music and culture of France 
begin this evening (9- 
10.30pm) with the recital by 
the cellist, Paul Tortelier, 
accompanied on the piano by 
his daughter, Maria de la Pau. 

As a reminder of the late 

Literary lions on the prowl 

scher of Geneva, showed him 
as good as ever, a mellow 
master of his craft 

Over the next few weeks 
BBC I is honouring tbe memo- 
ry of Mason with some of his 
best and most characteristic 
films. The season opens to- 
morrow with Tbe Wicked 
Lady (3.20-Spm), which 
caused ripples in the United 
States because of Margaret 
Lockwood 's plunging 

The remaining films repre- 
sent a good cross-section of his 
work and range from Odd 
Man Out to The Desert Fox, 
and from the spy thriller Five 
Fingers to A Star is Bom. 

the Captive Heart (1946): 
Michael Redgrave in decent 
PoW drama from Ealing 
(Channel 4. tomorrow, 

Pat and Mike (1952): ideal 
comedy vehicle for Spencer 
Tracy and Katharine 
Hepburn (Channel 4, Tues, 

9-1 0.45pm). 

To Catch a Thief (1955): 

Ca/y Grant leads relaxed 
Hitchcock thriller set on the 
Riviera (ITV, Wed, 8-1 0pm). 

Tommy Triad er is 77 ami so Is 
Alistair Cooke and both of 
them are old enough to remem- 
ber G. K. Chesterton, who 
died 50 years ago. All three are 
prominent in the coming 
week's radio. 

One of the literary lions of 
his age. Chesterton is mainly 
remembered now for what be 
regarded as one of his less 
serums enterprises, the Father 
Brown stories. But he had 
many other to immor- 

tality, among them his bizarre 
novel about a group of London 
anarchists. The Man Who 
Was Thursday. 

Starting tomorrow (7-Bpm) 
as Radio 4's new Classic 
Serial, it is a deceptive piece, 
starting, tike a play by Shaw, 
with a lot of witty talk and 
little substance, bet develop- 
ing into something more sinis- 
ter. Chesterton's sub-title, 
after alL, was “a nightmare” 
and the anarchists are trying 
to destroy the world. 

Chesterton wrote nearly 100 
books, covering an extraordi- 
nary variety of subjects and, 
though often embroiled in 
controversy, is reputed never 
to have made an enemy. As an 
appetite-wfaetter for The Man 
Who Was Thursday, there is a 
revised repeat of Michael 
(finch’s feature (Radio 4, to- 
day, 4-L45pm) in which Ches- 
terton Is played by the fete 
Hugh Burden, 

Tommy Triad er made his 
first radio broadcast before the 
BBC even existed, so he has a. 


A claim to immortality: 

. GJC Chesterton, by Low 

lot to talk about in The 
Trinder Box (Radio 2, Wed, 
J O-l 030pm), a four-part se- 
nes of reminiscences delivered 
to a live audience. Despite his 
recent illnesses the old boy s 
in cracking form. 

Nostalgia is also the key- 
note of Alistair Cooke's Amer- 
ican Collection (Radio 4, Wed, 
1 2.27-1 2.55pm). another of his 
amiable ambles through the 
popular music of the 20th 
century. The six programmes 
include one on the jazz Uses, 
. dedicated to Philip Larkin. 

Huw Wheldon's prodigious 
talent as a small screen per- 
former there is a repeat of his 
Iasi major programme, Desti- 
nation D-Day (BBCl, tomor- 
row. 5-6.30pm). Easily the 
best of the reconstructions put 
out two years ago to mark tbe 
40ih anniversary, it perfectly 
illustrates Wheldon’s enthusi- 
asm and ability as a 

Another master of his craft 
no longer with us is commem- 
orated in Don Whillans's Last 
Climb (BBC2, tomorrow, 
9.45- 10. 1 5pm). Wbillans, who 
died last year, and Joe Brown 
.were Britain’s finest climbing 
team and for this programme 
they returned to a punishing 
crag in north Wales which 
they first ascended 30 years 

But Cooke starts with the 
American musical of tbe 1920s 
and it is not just an old man's 
prejndice to make 
unfaro arable comparisons 
with what is happening on 
Broadway now. It says some- 
thing for the decline of the art 
when the most hummable 
songs come from the revival of 
a show more than half a 
century old, 42nd Street. 

Had she lived, Marilyn 
Monroe would be celebrating 
her 60th birthday tomorrow 
and to mark the anniversary 
Radio 4 has a play abont her 
life called Anyone Can See 1 
Love You (Radio 4, 230- 
330pm). You wo old think 
almost everything had been 
said and written about Monroe 
by now but the Canadian 
writer, Marilyn Bowering, 
does manage to bring her up 

The piece proceeds largely 
through first-person mono- 
logue, a device particularly ' 
suited to radio, with a discreet I 
but effective jazz score in the 
background. Hetty Baynes, i 
who plays Marilyn, captures 
not only her voice but the naive 
vulnerability that left her so 
exposed and ensured that the 
60th birthday would never be | 

Wood Magic (Radio 4.830- 
10pm) features the Medici 
String Quarter and actors 
Richard Pasco and Barbara , 
Leigh-Hent in an anthology of 
tile words and sliwc of Sit , 
Edward Elgar. 

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combines the three literary forms of 
play, prose novella and narrative 
poem in Sphinx (GoHancz, £9.95). It 
completes his trilogy of novels, 
finked but independent, which have 
as their main setting Russia and 
the Cold War. 


Cotrubus was the first Ta 
Peter Hall's production of _ 

Onegin at Covent Garden 15 years 
ago. She plays Tchaikovsky’s 
heroine again in the revival staged by 
Richard G reason. Royal Opera 
House (01-240 1066), from Monday. 



RICE BOWLES: John Osborne 
created in the fading music hall 
comedian, Archie Rice, one of the 
richest parts in modem theatre. Peter 
Bowles plays him in a new 
production of The Entertainer with 
Sylvia Syms. Shaftesbury (01-379 
5399), from Friday. 



Colin Blakely, Polly 
Hemingway and Jim Norton, 
directed by Alan Ayckbourn, in 
his award-winning comedy. 
Lyric, Shaftesbury Avenue 
(01 -437 3686/434 1 050/734 
5166). Previews from Wed. 
Opens June 11. 

Vanessa Redgrave, Timothy 
Dalton and the Theatre Clwyd 
company, directed by Toby 
Robertson and Christopher 

Theatre Royal, Haymarket 
(01-930 9832). Previews from 
Wed. First night June 10. 

Beckett double bill which has 
toured England as part of the 
author's 80th birthday 

Riverside Studios (01-748 
3354). Previews Thurs, Fri, 
June 7, 8. Opens June 10. 


CIRCE & BRAVO: The names 
are the US Secret Service 
codes for the First Lady (Faye 
Dunaway) and her security 
guard (Stephen Jenn) in 
Donald Freed's play, set at a 
lodge at the Presidential 
hide-away. Camp David. 
Hampstead Theatre (01-722 
9301). Previews today, Mon- 
Wed. Opens Thurs. 

production of the 1 986 Open 
Air season with Ralph Rennes 
and Sarah Woodward. 

Open Air Theatre. Regent's 
Park, London NW1 (01-486 1 

2431). Previews today (matinee 
and evening). Opens Mon. 



A triumphant but slow- 
moving trip to the Nila for 

Vanessa Redgrave and 
Timothy Dalton (above). 
Haymarket (01 -930 9833). 


BRISTOL: Miss Julie: Kate 
Lyrm-Evans, Mark Drewry, 
directed by Debbie Shewed in 
Strindberg's study of the 
expos ive relationship between 
a servant and the daughter of 
his master. 

New Vic (0272 24388). 

WORCESTER: Bartholomew 
Fain Large-scale community 
production of Ben Jonson's 
great comedy, staged on the 
race-course adjoining the 
Swan Theatre, 

Swan Theatre (0905 27322). 
Opens Thurs. 


Sufficient to say that he is 
j Scarlatti, Schubert 
iubert-Liszt Liszt, Chopin, 
Schumann and Scriabin. 

Royal Festival Hall, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191. credit cards 01-928 
8800). Tomorrow, 4pm. 

Frank Kubik, tenor, sings 
Schubert Lieder referring to 
all four seasons. Antoinette 
van Zabner accompanies. 
Wigmore Hall, 36 Wigmore 
Street, London W1 (01-935- 
2141). Tubs, 7.30pm 

often, Anau plays Beethoven 
— the Piano Sonatas Opp 
10 No 3, 53 ''Waldstein", 57 
“Appassionato" and 81a 
"Las Adieux". 

Royal Festival Hall. Tues, 

CHERKASSKY: The chance 
of hearing Shura Cherkassky 
fri Rachmaninov's Piano 
Concerto No 3 should not be 
tressed. Fore and aft 
Glinka's Ruslan and Ludmilla 
Overture and Sibelius's 
Symphony No 2. 

Royal Festival Ha .Wed, 


ANNIVERSARY: To celebrate 
the 80th anniversary of his 
London debut Mieczyslaw 
Horszowski (94 next month) 
plays Bach, Mozart 
Beethoven ("Pastoral" 
Sonata), Chopin and Debussy. 
Wigmore Hall. Thurs, 7.30pm. 

LAYCOCK: Mark Laycock 
conducts the Philharmonia 
Orchestra in Elgar's 
Cockaigne Overture, 
Beethoven's Symphony No 
7, and Anthony Goldstone 
solos in Ravel s G major 
Piano Concerto. 

Barbican Centre, SHk 
Street, London EC2 (01-628 ' 
8795, credit cards 01-638 
8891). Fri, 7.45pm. 


Melting-pot stuff, with 
Zimbabwe's Thomas 
Mapfumo tonight (Woolwich 
Coronet), Billy Jenkins's 
intriguing Voice of God 
Collective (T rident Hall 
Theatre) and Ralph McTeU 
(Borough Hall) on Mon, 

Stan Tracey (Blackheath 
Concert Hall) and Wilko 
Johnson (Borough Half) on 
Thurs, and the Gladiators 





portraits selected out of 750 
hopefuls in annual competition. 

-■ . rt Cf 

who gargles with double 

Tonight and tomorrow, 

NEC, Birmingham (021-780 

BATH JAZZ: Do not miss 
Loose Tubes (tonight), Lee 
Konitz (Wed), Mike 
Westbrook (Thurs) or John 
Surman and Karin Krog (Fri). 
From tonight (Festival beat 
office: 02& 63362). 

awaited by Face-reading 
hipsters, the Panamanian! 
salsa star's British debut will 
be A Major Event 
Tomorrow and Mon, 

Academy, 21 1 Stockwe/I Road, 
London SW9 (01-326 1 022). 

PHIL WOODS: A gifted alto 
saxophonist, Woods took the 
worship of Charlie Parker 
further than most by marrying 
one of Bird's ex-wives. 

Mon to Sat Ronnie Scott’s 
Club. 47 Frith Street London 
W1 (01-439 0747). 

coincidence, here is the aitoist 
who spent the 1 940s 
proposing the strongest 
alternative to Parkensm. 

Tues, Amolfini, Bristol 
(0272 299191); Thurs, 
University Arms. 

Cambridge (0223 351241); Fri, 
Colchester Arts Centre 
(0206 577301). 

Mind-cleansing I y loud blues 
guitarist by Jimr Hendrix 
out of Albert King. 

Thurs. Hammersmith . 

Palais, London W6 (01-748 



On July 1 1916, the first day of 
the Battle of the Somme, 
the British army suffered its 
highest casualties of any 
day of the war. Seventy 
pictures chronicle the 
period, up to the assault on the 
Beaumont Hamel battlefield 
the following November. 
Impressions Gallery, 17 
Colliergate, York (0904 54724) 

With Liam Neeson and Hugh 
O'Conor (above) and Ian 

Cannon Premiere (01-439 
4470). Cannon Oxford Street 
(01-6360310). Rom Fri. 


PROMS 86: Postal booking 
opens this week for 92nd 
season. Italian theme with 
performances of 1589 
Florentine Intermedi, and 
the Earfy Opera Project's 
staging of Monteverdi's 
Orfeo- Also a double bill to 
mark centenary of Liszt’s 
death; plus new music by 
Pierre Boulez, Hans Werner 
Henze and Oliver Knussen. 
July 18-Sept 13. 
Personal/phone booking from 
June 30. 

Royal Albert Hall, London 
SW7 (01 -589 821 2); credit 
cards (01 -589 9465). 

Booking opens this week. 
Performances of As You 
Like It in the medieval 
courtyard and appearances 
by George Melly, Cfeo Lairte, 
Stephana Grappelli. Also 
film festival, poetry readings. 
July 12-27. 

Festival Office, Civic Hall. 

14 Rather Street Stratford 
(0789 67969). 

combined with private view 
of summer exhibition at Royal 
Academy of Arts. June 26- 
July 17. 

Youth and Music, 78 Neal 
Street, London WC2 (01-379 


performance this season with 
Agnes Battsa in title role, in 
production by Michael Gelkrt. 
Tonight at 7pm. 

Royal Opera House. Covent 
Garden, London WC2 (01-240 

ROGER MAYNE- Portrait of 
late 1950s London which 
inspired Absolute 
Beginners through 
photographs of Inhabitants 
of West Kensington and 
Netting Hill. Enas 

Victoria and Albert 
Museum, Cromwell Road, 
London SW7 (01 -589 6371). 

National Portrait Gallery, St 
Martin's Lane, London WC2 
(01-930 1552). From Wed. 

Retrospective for a remarkable 
British painter (bom 1928), 
who has battled through 
multiple sclerosis to produce 
first-class work, often 
reflecting his subconscious. 
Whitechapel Art Gallery, 
Whitechapel High Street, 
London El (01-377 0107). 

From Fri. 

Work by eight British sculptors, 
including Elizabeth Frink and 
Keir Smith, in the atmospheric, 
horseshoe-shaped roof of the 
concert hall. 

Barbican Centre, London EC2 
(01 -638 4141). From Fri. 

SUMMER SHOW: Subtitled 
"From Claude to Gericault the 
Arts in France 1630-1 830", a 
selection of French paintings 
and drawings. 

Thos Agnew & Sons, 43 Old 
Bond Street London W1 (01- 
629 61 76). From Tues. 


Michelangelo, Leonardo and 
Raphael brought out from the 
museum's store. 

British Museum, Great Russell 
Street London WC1 (01-636 

and lively print show with 
works from 61 countries. 
Cartwright Hall, Lister Park, 
Bradford (0274 493313). 


Contemporary American studio 
ceramics from collection just 
given to the museum. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, 
South Kensington, London 
SW7 (01-589 6371). 



enterprising season of French 
films inspired by the Popular 
Front movement includes 
classics by Renoir, a Pagnol 
rarity {Le Schpountz) ana many 
little-known Items. 

National Film Theatre (01-928 
3232). From Tues. 

LAMB (15): Worthy version of 
Bernard Madaverty's novel 
about a young Irish priest and 
his remand home charge. 

AFTER HOURS (15): Martin 
Scorsese's excellent new film 
combines a beautifully-played 
farce with a bleak nightmare 
about urban angst 
Warner West End (01-439 
0791), Renoir (01-837 8402), 
Gate Notting Hill (01-221 0220). 

VAGABONDE (15): Agnds 
Varda's harsh but compelling 
account of a teenage 
wanderer's fast weeks. 

Renoir (01-837 8402). 


(VERA: A revival of 
Donizetti's Mary Stuart opens 
on Wed at 7.30pm. Harrison 
Birtwistle's controversial new 
opera The Mask of 
Orpheus is on Tues and Fri 

S r pm). Tonight, Thurs and 
une 7 (7.30pm) Die 

Coliseum, St Martin’s Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). 

FESTIVAL: Further 
performances of Verdi's 
Simon Boccanegra tomorrow 
(4.50pm). Wed and Fri 
(5.50pm). Tonight and on 
Thurs (5.35pm) Britten's 
Albert Herring. 

Glyndeboume, Lewes, East 
Sussex (0273 812321). 

OPERA NORTH: 77» Rake’s 
Progress continues tortight 
and on Fri. Faustopens on 
Mon (also Thurs). AH 
performances start at 

Grand Theatre, New 
Briggate, Leeds (0532 


IPs Orfeo in the 
Assembly Rooms (7pm) 
tonight; on Tues and Wed 
William Christie's Les Arts 
Florissants present 
Charpentier's Lb Descent 
dOrphSe aux enters and 
Las Arts Florissants in concert 
i (Theatre 
, 7.30pm). In Weds 
Cathedral, Nexus Opera 
offer Britten's church parable. 
Curlew ft/vsr(Wed and 
June 7). 

Bath Festival, 1 Pierrepont 
Place, Bath (0225 

Albert Herringis performed by 
the Britten-Pears School on 
Fri at 8pm and June 7 at 

Sna^e Mailings (072 885 • 


THEATRE: A smaR company 
that has attracted 
favourable comment on its 
recent British tour gives 
two London performances this 

The Race, 17 Dukes Road, 
WC1 (01-367 0031). Today & 

CARGO CULT: A newly 
formed dance group led by 
Laurie Booth is joined by 
French singing star R6gine for 
performances of 

ICA Theatre, The Mali, 

London SW1 (01-930 3647). 
Mon-June 7. 

works at the Alhambra. 
Bradford (0274-752000) 
today and the Theatre Royal, 
York (0904-23568) Tues- 
June 7. 

Ashton programme Fri with 
new designs for The Dream 
and revivals of Les Padneurs 
and Scenes de ballet. Isiah 
Jackson is guest conductor. 
Also two performances of 



BALLET: Swan Lake today and 
a mixed bill of Les 
Sylphides, Prodigal Son and 
Flowers oftha Forest (Mon, 

The Big Top, Norfolk Park, 
Sheffield (0742-730244). 

For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Croppen Concerts: Max 
Harrisom Rock & Jazz: 
Richard Williams; 
Photography: Michael 
Young; Galleries: Sarah 
Jane Cheektooth 'Films: 
Geoff Brown; Opera: 
Hilary Finch: Dance: 

John Perdral; Bookings* 
Anne Whltehonse 


FULL FACE: Roderigo MoynihaD 
is represented in the Royal Academy 
Summer Exhibition, the annual 
jamboree of British middle-of-the- 
road art, with this portrait in oils of 
the novelist Anthony PowelL Royal 
Academy of Arts, Piccadilly, 

London W1 (01-734 9052) from today. 



CELLO FIRST: Giuseppe 
Smopofi, the ftafian maestro, 
conducts the PtiHharmottia 
Orchestra in a Bruckner/Brahms 
programme on Monday and the 
British premiere of Tawwnftsu’s cello 
concerto on Friday. Royal Festival 
Hall (01 -928 31 91}. 

won the best actress Oscar Tor her 
juicy rote in The Trip to Bountiful 
(U), Horton Foote’s sentimental 
chamber-piece about an oki 
woman's journey to her childhood 
home. Screen on the Hitt (01-435 
3366) and other cinemas from Friday, 

An artist with 
a quixotic eye 


‘ Vs' 1 * V . ■ 

’ # .“V- »V \ ■; 

- ' 'll 

A giant finger descends 
imp the gallery, enu- 
merating the paint- 
ings one by one. 
Godlike, Patrick Caulfield is 
giving a guided tour of Pissar- 
ros, C&axmes, Chardins, and 
De Hooghs, reproduced in 
little blade and white photo- 
graphs. They are the paintings 
which he has chosen for tins 
year’s “Artist’s Eye” exjiibi- 
tion at the National Gallery, 
which has been running in 
cardboard mock-up for some 
months in his studio. 

Caulfield is the latest con- 
temporary artist to be invited 
to make his choice from the 
gallery's collection. Predeces- 
sors, who include Hockney 
and Hamilton, took the game 
seriously but Caulfield seems 
to have been somewhat quix- 
otic in his choice. 

For a start, he has refrained 
from any religious subjects. 
He is plucking Manet's “The 
Waitress” back from an exhi- 
bition at the Courtauld Gal- 
lery, and is having two 
pictures refrained. Cfeanne’s 
portrait of his father will haw 
beside a 17th-century Dutch 
lady because “having the same 
proportions and similar tiled 
floors, they could both be. an 
extension of the same scene”. 

When he is not exercising 
his powers over National Gal- 
lery pictures, Caulfield, aged 
50. works in his roof-top Soho 
studio producing the paintings 
for which he is famous, in 
bright, neon pop colours sepa- 
rated by the thick black lines 
that are his trademark, they 
teasingly glamorize the 
blandest aspects of modem 
life comers of wine bare; fried 
eggs on a plate. Sometimes he 
borrows a photorealistic ex- 
cerpt from a photograph or 
earlier painting. 

Caulfield has always been 
somewhat of a loner, both 
socially and artistically. As a 
student at the Royal College of 
Art, one year behind Hockney, 
Kitaj and Allen Jones, instead 
of cashing in on their fame he 
said he regarded himself as 
“lucky to have come in quietly 
on the second wave and to 
have kept a low profile”. 

In the mid-1950s, when his 
student colleagues were pas- 
sionately painting social real- 
ist works in muddy colours, he 
opted for a naive style influ- 
enced by Douanier Rousseau. 
Later, when Abstract Expres- 
sionism was all the rage, he 
switched firmly to representa- 
tional images with no auto- 

Patrick Caulfield 
has chosen an 
enigmatic show 
from the National 
Gallery collection 

graphic marks whatsoever. He 
was rewarded in 1964 by the 
Prix des James Artistes at the 
Paris Biennale. 

Today, contracted to Leslie 
Waddington, the contempo- 
rary an magnate, Caulfield 
has exhibitions in Cork Street 
as often as he produces the 
work (be is very slow). 

Caulfield is the human 
counterpart of his paintings: 
sunny yet enigmatic. All 
around his studio are tantaliz- 
ing dues to the man: a cafe 
chair around which curls what 
looks like a fossilized 
(“by an ex-student of mine, 
when I was external assessor 
at Chelsea School of Art”); 
two Cubist guitars roughly 
scissored but of cardboard, 
and a tank battle scene 
scrawled on a blackboard (by 
Arthur, the youngest of his 
three sons). 

Most intriguing of ah is a 
wall turned into a kitsch cafe 
counter. Here, apart from 
bongo drums on the shelf 
(“sometimes 1 bang on them”) 
and a curvaceous palette 
(“given to me by Howard 
Hodgkin as a 50th birthday 
present”) stand multicoloured 
glasses ever waiting for cus- 
tomers, and Budweiser cans 
glued together (“because I was 
drinking, and thought they 
looked rather pretty”). 

B ut, al t hough talking 
emphatically, Caul- 
field maintains a dis- 
tance. His clothes axe 
anonymous, a bland ensemble 
of shin, jersey and trousers 
mitigated only by the ridge of 
stitching on his slip-ons. His 
easel is empty, because “I 
never show my . work in 
progress. To talk about rt 
would disturb my relationship 
with what I’m doing." He 
even tells the time from afar, 
opening his studio door and 
focusing his binoculars on a 
local church clock.* 

So how did he set about 
making his choice? ”1 was 
rather sceptical when I started. 
I thought, this is truly a finite 
proposition.” But once he had 
been supplied with a catalogue 

of tiie entire collection be 
became inspired, able to work 
in the selective way similar to 
his normal working methods. 

“It was like having a mail 
order catalogue” he says. “I 
went through it with little red 
stickers. Then I went and 
looked at the pictures, and just 
kept going back." Hie gallery 
is a five-minute walk away. 

The first thing Caulfield 
knew when selecting from the 
National Gallery was what be 
did not like. “I can’t stand 
flower paintings because they 
remind me of birthday cards. I 
hate pictures that are very 
•busy — boat scenes; people 
having their heads cut off. 

“What I wanted were paint- 
ings with a timeless quality — 
Fve ended up with many 
Dutch works — landscapes, 
portraits, and genre scenes. I 
also liked colours that demand 
distance from each other.” 

And . so Saenredam’s 
“Church Interior”, was cho- 
sen, and, De Hoogh's 
“Courtyard” after the. frame, 
has been changed (“because, 
although it is historically cor- 
rect, the colours bleed into the 
frame”). He has also included 
Fabri lias’s “A View of Delft”, 
because of his being a man of 
the Sixties, he thinks. “It’s got 
a modem- feeling to it — this 
kind ofhippie character sitting 
with his guitar.” - 

Some favourites have not 
been included because they 
are too big: Veroet’s battle 
scenes for example (which 
remind him of the days he 
used to play war games). Even 
his awn two paintings have to 
hang outside the exhibition 
proper because of their size 
and comparative brightness. 

It remains to be seen wheth- 
er Caulfield's rehang -of die 
National Gallery wifi work. 
He has no advice (in' the 
unsuspecting public who 
might be perplexed, by his 
idiosyncratic choice, “their 
eyes should dictate how they 
look”, he says. “The room will 
be while, so when yon emerge 
from those long rooms , with 
heroes and Christ figures 
jumping' around the walls 
against plum-coloured wallpa- 
per, it should look a bit 
differenL It may look a bit 
boring. I hope ft will look 

Sarah JaxteCheddand 

,r The Artist’s Eya" opens at - - 
the National Gallery, Tiafalear 
~ ware, London WC2 ( 01 - 
13321) on Wedi 




There has been an embar- . 
rassed silence from the mighty 
Roger Collection hr America 
after their last minute with-, 
draws] from the International 
Ceramics Fair which opens in 
Londooon June 13. 

Having promised a unique 
collection of Ming and Chins 
porcelain as the centrepiece of 
the fair over a year ago, Koge*~ 
sent a brusque telegram a 
fortnight ago saying that be- 
cause of the increasing fear of 
terrorist reprisals they would 
not be sending their china. 
The implication was that the 
other American dealers and 
academics would also putt oul 

Not 50- Brian Houghton, 
the tour’s organizer, says: “Not 
a single American has pulled 
out. Bui it was a shattering 
blow when I received the 
telegram - I still haven’t got 
over it” Another of the ton’s 
organizers says: “Roger have 
ended up looking very silly 
indeed. The value of the 
combined collections from aD 
the visiting Americans is rath-, 
er more than the Koger CoW 
lection. Not a tingle person 
who is exhibiting has ex- 
pressed any anxiety at alL” 

Birthday blow 

It » hard to imagine that in 
1986 a piece by Mozart could 
•be pre m iered in Britain, but 
when Barry Tuckwell played 
the Mozart Horn Concerto 
Number I in Don Thursday it 
was the first time the piece bod 
been given in its entirety. To 
perform the original seebad 
movement - instead of the 
version usually played, which 
was written by Franz Xaverl 
Sussmeyer - he had to rework 
some of the mannsoipt him- 
fTeif. Tonight he scores another > 
first at the Wigmore Hatt, a 
Richard Rodney Bennett 
piece written specially for 
TuckwdTs 55th birthday. - 

• Bewildered patrons of the 
National Theatre were aston- 
ished to see Billie Whitelaw 
arrive in the foyer in an 
advanced sfitte of undress. At a 
lunch tins week to thanit NT 
sponsors who provide 
£500,000 a year to help keep 
the place going, the actress 
made an impassioned plea for 
better sign posts. She revealed 
that while making her way 
back from the tanning ma- 
chine, which actors use to save 
on body make-up, she stum- 
bled through tiie wrong dote. 
“Once you get lost you always J 
end up in the foyer”, she v 
explained. “Without your 
clothes on It can lie 


Corseted one 

George Harrison’s Handmade 
Films are now into a second 
round of filming Shanghai 
Surprise, a Far East adventure 
which stars Madonna as a 
nun, after a preview of the 
material shot so tor toiled to 

Harrison and Madonna 
impress the money boys back 
in Los Angeles. Expensive 
extra sequences have been 
filmed and Harrison is writing 
a handful of son^ for -it, - 
including a duet for him and 
the corseted ona 

Music by post 

Whtte.ibe Royal Philharmon- 
ic Orchestra flies to Orkney 
next month to give the world 
smiere of Peter Maxwell 
_jvies’s violin concerto, "it* 
instruments will be going 
DataposL Having arranged a T 
simultaneous live broadcast _ 
on BBC2 and Radio 3, the 
corporation’s music supremos 
will be keeping their fingers - 
crossed that, musicians, .and . 
their, instruments will .. be to- 
gether On time. But ne' doubt' 
the Post Office chairman Sfc 
Ron Dearing. will be ready 
with a song. or two ..for ; toe. ;. 
.cameras should hir laris fail' w 
locate the .percussion. J . . , 

Christopher WU&oa 




r" 1 •. i 

ri U* 




May 30: His EueUency, Mr Tan 
Ftdfer was received is audience 
_ ■ by The Queen and presented the 

- letters of Recall of his prede- 
cessor and his own Letters of 

. Credence as Ambassador 

- Extraordinary and Pleni- 
poienliary from the Czecho- 

- Slovak Socialist Republic to the 

\ Court of St James's. 

His ExceUeocy.was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy, who bad the 
honour of being presented to 
V-h Her Maiesty: 

Mr Joan koimcw rrmra Secretary). 

Madame Fidlerova had the 
honour of being received by The 

Mr John Whitehead (Deputy 
Undersecretary of Stale for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
' Affairs), who bad the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present, and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

The Duke of Norfolk had the 
honour ofbeiiig received by The 
Queen when Her Majesty in- 
vested him with the Insignia of a 
Knight Grand Cross of the 
Royal Victorian Order. 

Mr D.M. March was received 
in audience by The Queen upon 
his appointment as British High 
Commissioner to the Republic 
of Uganda. 

Mrs March had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty. 


The Duke of Edinburgh, m. 
tended by Brigadier Clive 
Robertson, arrived at Heathrow. 
Airport, London this morning 
from Australia. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, President of the Royal 
.Eteth and West and Southern 
Counties Society, attended the 
Annual General Meeting of the 
Society this morning and after- 
wards visited the Annual Show 
at the Showground, Sbeptrm 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for Somerset 
(Lieutenant-Colonel Walter 
iJittreD) and the Honorary 
Show Director (Mr R. Dcewen). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Gibbs 
were in attendance. 

May 30: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales this morning 
opened the Leicestershire Hos- 
proc, Graby Road, Leicester. 

nesses opened the British Rail 
Travel Centre, Leicester Station, 
London Road, Leicester. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales, attended by Miss Anne 
Beckwith -Smith and Lieuten- 
ant -Colonel Brian Anderson, 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

The Prince of Wales, Royal 
Patron, The Abbeyfidd Society, 
this afternoon visited The 
Abbeyfidd Houses, 33 Church 
Hillj Birstall, near Leicester. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson was in attendance. 

May 29:The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon, left 
Royal Air Force Northolt today 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight to visit Berlin to Take the 

Salute at the Parade to honour 
The Queen's Official Birthday, 
and, as ColoneJ-in-Chicfto visit 
1st Battalion The Roval High- 
land Fusiliers (Princess 
Margaret’s Own Glasgow and 
Ayrshire Regiment). 

Lady Aird and Group Captain 
Jeremy Jones were in 

May 29:The Duke of Gloucester 
mis morning opened the Cher- 
well Housing Trust’s Wise Close 
at Bodicote, and later visited the 
Monument Industrial fork, 
Chalgrove, Oxfordshire. 

. His Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance; 
May 30: The Duchess of Kent, 
Honorary Colonel of the York- 
shire Volunteers, today received 
Ucutenam-Cokmcl Gaynor on 
his assuming command of the 
1st Battalion and Lietnenant- 
COlond Reid on his relinquish- 
ing the appointment, and 
Ueuteramt-Colonel Gardner on 
his assuming command of the 
2nd Battalion and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Fnris on his relinquish- 
ing the appointment. 

A memorial service for Sir 
Harold Wilkinson wifi be held at 
Holy Trinity, Brompton Road, 
London, SW7, on Wednesday, 
June 18, 1986, at 1 1 am. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Science, 
will open the Antiquarian Book 
Fair at the Park Lane Hotel on 
June 24. 

The Countess of Uxbridge gave 
birth to a son in London on 
April II, 1986. 



. Forthcoming 
: marriages 

' Mr J.C Buhner 
ud Lady Mama Rose Levesoa 

The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, youngest son 
of the late Mr Edward Charles 
Buhner and of Mrs Margaret 
Rye, of Whitney-on-Wye, 
Herefordshire, and Marcia 
Rose, daughter of Earl and 
Countess Granville, of 
Callertrish, Lochmaddy, Isle of 
North Uist, Western Isles. 

Mr TJ.W. Bishop 
and Mbs N.V. Stott 
A marriage has been arranged, 
and will shortly take pace, 
between Timothy Francis 
Wynne, son of Dr TJ-H. 
Bishop, PhD, and Mis Bishop 
(nfe Wynne), of Battersea, and 
Seaford, Sussex, and Nicola 
ft Vaughan, eldest daughter of Mr 
. Michael Stott, and Mrs Stott 
(nee Hoskins), of Winchester. 
Mr CH- Clarke 
rad Miss C-E. Kingdon 
The engagement is announced 
between Conrad, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Brian Clarice, of 
Wataro-on-Thames- and Zam- 
bia, and Clare, only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John Kiugdon, of 
Harrogate, North Yorkshire. 

Dr J. Field 

and Mbs SuJ. Daxtary 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, youngest son 
ofMr and Mis Gordon Field, of 
16 Barrow Road, Cambridge, 
and Sarah, eldest daughter ofMr 
and Mrs Peter Duxbury, of The 
-Firs, Fulmer, Buckinghamshire; 
MrS.D. Mabel 
> and Miss I*J. Harvey 

The engagement is announced 
between Steven, elder son ofMr 
and Mrs Rolland MaiseL of 
North wood, Middlesex, and 
Louise Harvey. MVO, only 
, daughter of Mr and Mrs Des- 
mond Harvey, of Leighton Buz- 
zard, Bedfordshire. 

Mr N.C Pitts 
and Dr H. McLean 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mrs 
Janet Pitts and the late Mr 
James Pins, of William House, 
Chtslefauist, Kent, and Helen, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Alex 
McLean, of Adelaide. South 

Mr J. Richardson 
and Miss M. Bedford 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.B.Richardson. of Hyde 
Heath, Buckinghamshire, and 
Madeleine, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs P. Bedford, of Latimer, 

Mr J-M. Ridley 

and Miss E. Fordbam 
The engagement is announced 
between James, youngest son of 
Brigadier B.C. Ridley, of Oxied, 
and Mrs J.R. Ridley, ofHstead, 
and Emma, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs D. Fordham, of 
Godaiming, Surrey. 

Mr T.A. Snale 
and Miss HJL Lloyd 
The e ng age m ent is announced 
between Trevor, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs RA. Soule, of 
Bromley, Kent, and Harriette, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Mrs H.L. Lloyd, of 
Twyford, Winchester, 

Mr GR. Spain 

and Miss EM. d’Adhentar de 

La ha time 

The engagement is. announced 
between Christopher, son ofMr 
and Mis RJL Spain, of Canter- 
bury. Kent, and Emma, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis P-M.R. 
d’Adhemar de Labaumc. of 
Goklhanger, Essex. 


Mr D.WJL Bedford 
rad the Hon Mrs CP. Leigh 
The marriage took place quietly 
on Saturday, May 24, at More- 
ton in the Marsh of Mr David 
William RiJand Bedford, of 
Woking, Surrey, and the Hon 
Mrs Cecilia Poppy Leigh, of 
Dale House, Nauntou, 

Mr C Me K. Robertson 
and Misa J. Windsor Waite 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday in the Guards Chapel, 
Wellington Barracks, of Mr 
Charles Robertson, eldest son of 
the late Mr Ian McKay Robert- 
son and the Hon Mrs Robert- 
son, of Shaftesbury, Dorset, and 
Miss Jane Windsor Waite, 
daughter of Captain Nigel 
Windsor Waite, of Spain, and 
Mrs Waite, of Hu riingh a m , 
London. The Rev JN. Thomas 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Hugo Pearl. Rupert 
Beecroft and Muss Miiiett Mor- 
ris. Mr Rowley Williams was 
best man. 

A reception was held at 
Wellington Barracks. 

Dr CJ. Fincher 

and Miss JJVL Ctoxton-Smith 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, May 24, at St Agnes 
Church, Moseley, between Dr 
Christopher James Fletcher, el- 
der son of Mr and Mrs F. 
Fletcher, of Moseley, Bir- 
mingham. and Miss Jennifer 
Mary Claxton-Smith, only 
daughter of Mr and Mis J. 
Claxton-Smith of Sandal, 

Mr J.G. Moon 
and Miss AJVLF. Joffiffe 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, May 24. at St Am- 
brose, Wye, Kent, of Mr Jeremy 
Guy Moon, son of Mr and Mis 
A. Moon, of Ashford, Kent, and 
Miss Angela Mary Frances 
Jolliffe, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.E Jolliffe, of Wye, 
Kent. Father Robin Maxted 
officiated, assisted by Father 
Anthony Baxter, fG. 

The bride, who wasipven In 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Ben Fumival, Mrs 
Penelope Britland and Miss 
Kate Joffiffe. Mr Gay Ireland 
was best man. 

The reception was held at 
Wye College and the honey- 
moon is being spent in Italy. 

Dr P.W. Newman 
and Miss A.V. Moxham 
The marriage took place on May 
24 at St Mary’s Church, 
Stan well, Middlesex, between 
Dr Peter Newman, and Miss 
Angela Moxham. 

Mr BLB. WDUamsoD 
and Miss SuS. Gregory 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, May 24, at Hatton 
Church, Warwickshire, of Mr 
Robert Brett Williamson, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs D.G. 
Williamson, of Beausale, War- 
wick, and Miss Stephanie 
Samantha Gregory, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs TJ. Gregory, 
of Hong Kong. The Rev Eric 
Jones officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Claire Thomp- 
son and Miss Anna Chartes- 
Jones. Mr Anthony Slade was 
best man. 

The bridge to reconciliation 

Catholic means universal, and 
the implication is that any 
Church which accepts, as the 
Church of England does. Holy 
Scripture, the Creeds, tradi- 
tion and the threefold Apos- 
tolic ministry, is 
fundamentally Catholic in 
outlook and thinking. 

At the Reformation and in 
succeeding centuries the 
Church or England rejected 
both the extremes of Roman 
authority and the dogmatic 
attitudes inherent in Protes- 
tant thinking, building on the 
past and developing a distinc- 
tive spirituality ana tradition. 

That tradition has em- 
braced episcopal authority 
and discipline while maintain- 
ing a certain openness of 
theological debate; which says 
as much for the strength of the 
Church as it does for her 
apparent weakness in, at 
times, being less than dogmat- 
ic. In her approach to faith 
and older the Church remains 
Catholic; in her approach to 
authority reformed in that 
specifically English way which 
encourages debate and 

The underlying assumption 
of the article on this page in 
The Times on May 17 by 
Jonathan Harfield, “The An- 
glican culture shock,” appears 
to be that the Chun± of 
England is a weak and vacil- 
lating body, essentially Protes- 
tant in character and therefore 
lacking in the ability to enter 
into any real rapprochement 
with Rome. 

Such an approach demon- 
strates a misunderstanding 
both of Anglican faith and 
tradition and of that essential 
pragmatism which lies at the . 

root of pre-Reformation and 
of Reformed English Catholi- 
cism. It also implies a pre- 
sumption on the part of Rome 
of pre-eminence rather than of 
precedence, which is hardly in 
keeping with the spirit of unity 
and the recondlatkm of Chris- 
tian traditions. 

Rome is no longer the 
centre of the world and it 
could be said in all charity that 
in manera of faith a similar 
shift of emphasis outwards is 
called for. After aQ, Hans 
Kung may not be particularly 
welcome m the rarefied atmo- 
sphere of the Vatican but he 
none-tbe-less has much to say 
of concern and interest to 
Roman Catholics and indeed 
to Anglicans alike. 

Canterbury has never 
claimed such an ultimate au- 
thority as the centre of the 
Anglian Communion but the 
Archbishop is nevertheless 
seen as an authoritative figure 
among Anglicans, and Canter- 
bury Cathedral as the mother 
church of that diverse com- 
munion. In that delicate but 
effective balance of “primus 
inter pares” the Church of 
Rome may find an example 
worth reflecting upon as she 
struggles with some other own 
complex internal problems. 

Anglicans are weQ used to 
culture shock. From the time 
of the Tudors there have been 
the persecutors and the perse- 
cuted with Anglicans and 
Roman Catholics playing al- 
ternate roles. The Civil War, 
the Restoration of Charles n, 
the Non-Jurors, the Evangeli- 
cal Revival and the Oxford 
Movement have all played 
significant parts in the devel- 

opment and changing shape of 
the Church of England. 

In more recent times The 
dramatic shift of emphasis to 
the Eucharist and the new 
liturgy. Bishop John 
Robinson’s Honest to God and 
more lately the Bishop of 
Durham's pronouncements, 
have all kept the quality of 
discussion and debate at a 
high level involving both the 
ordained ministry and the 

On the one hand it can be 
argued that these are signs of 
disunity, on the other it can be 
said that the Holy Spirit 
continues to refine and devel- 
op the witness of the Church 
to the Gospel of Christ in a 
changing and challenging 

The Church of England is 
uniquely able, through its 
tendency to absorb extremes 
and to cultivate debate with- 
out fundamental disunity or 
inquisatorial censure, to act as 
a bridge church between Prot- 
estants and Roman Catholics. 

Such an ability should not 
be underestimated in Rome or 
by the Protestant churches nor 
should, the Anglican Commu- 
nion be dismayed by those 
occasional rifts which appear 
to threaten its seemingly frag- 
ile but tenacious unity. In a 
multi-cultural and multi-reli- 
gious world such honest diver- 
sity is capable of authoritative 

The Anglican Communion 
today, guided by the Holy 
Spirit, is no more fragile than 
that motley and diverse collec- 
tion of men who gathered in 
the upper room at the first 
Pentecost A certain pragma- 
tism held together the early 

church and that same pragma- 
tism can be, indeed is, equally 
effective in holding the 
Church together today. 

The Anglican-Roman Cath- 
olic International 

Commission’s discussions, 
consolidated in its final re- 
port represent not the lowest 
common theological denomi- 
nator but an attempt to rede- 
fine areas of solid theological 
agreement in a language ac- 
ceptable both to Rome and 

U would seem to me, how- 
ever. that neither Anglicans 
nor Roman Cthotics should 
make any assumptions regard- 
ing organic unity on the basis 
of the report. Indeed. I would 
venture to suggest that the 
whole emphasis of the move- 
ment for Christian unity 
should shift from Lhe basic 
concept that unity necessarily 
entails some form of 

It has to be accepted that the 
Church is as diverse in its 
structures, traditions and 
viewpoints as is humanity 
itself What is needed is not 
uniformity but mutual accep- 
tance and understanding; a 
unity expressed by indepen- 
dent denominations accepting 
lhe interdependence involved 
in being part of the Body of 

In such an area of discus- 
sion the Church of England 
and the Anglican Communion 
as a whole can make a solid 
and worthwhile contribution 
for the benefit of the whole 

Stephen Ingham 

Vicar, Rye Team 


TODAY: Sir Walter Barrie, 85; 
Miss Florence Desmond, 81; Mr 
Clint Eastwood, 56; Admiral Sir 
James Eberie, 59; Mr Denholm 
Elliott, 64; the Rev Professor 
LA. Garrard, 82; Rear-Admiral 
Peter Gibson, 73; Mr Andrew 
Grima, 65; Air Marshal Sir 
Valston Hancock, 79; Major- 
Genera] F. C Horton, 79; Sir 
AthoU Oakeley, 86; Miss Athene 
Seyler, 97; Sir Ewart Smith, 89; 
Dr W illiam Taylor, 56; Vice- 
Admiral George VaUings, 54; 
MrR.W. Wood; 84. 
TOMORROW; Sir Geoffrey 
Aldington, 79; Viscount 
Bearsted, 77; Mr Justice 
Bristow, 73; Sir Frederick 
Ccrfield, QC 71; Mr William 
Deedes, 73; Mr David 
Gestemer, 49; Major Walter 
Magor, 75; Sir Denis Marshall, 
70; Sir Robert Megarry, 76; Mr 
Bob Monkhouse. 58; Brigadier 
Alastair Pearson, 7); Mr Robert 
Powell, 42; Mr Braithwaite 
Rickford, 72; Mr Gerald Scarfe, 
50; Vice-Admiral Sir John Ste- 
vens, 86; Professor M.W, 
Thompson, 55; Sir JohnTooley, 
62; An- Commodore Sir Frank 
Whittle, OM, 79; Mr Edward 
Woodward, 56. ■ 

Post for princess 

Princess Anne has accepted an 
invitation to become president 
Of the Royal Agricultural Soci- 
ety of England for the year from 
October 1. 

Memorial service 

Professor C Lloyd 
A memorial service for Profes- 
sor Christopher Lloyd was held 
yesterday in the Chapel of lhe 
Royal Naval College, Green- 
wich. The Rev P. W. Warland 
officiated. Professor Bryan 
Ranft read the lesson and Mr 
Richard OUaid gave an address. 

Mount House, 

The summer gathering of the 
old boys' association of Mount 
House School, Tavistock, will 
lake place at the school on 
Saturday, July 19, from 2 pm. 
Old boys who are not memb ers 
of the association will be wel- 
come. Please contact Mr fLP. 
Wortham, at Herongaie, Mount 
Tavy, Tavistock, Devon, PL] 9 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


f4 a Bp* + 15% VAT 
(nunimuM 3 fanes) 

Announcements, auihenuc»ed by lhe 
now and permanent address of (be 
sender, may be ns la 

po box m 

VSnpua Street 
London El 

or (ctephoacd (bv tefcphwe suto* 
ciba* only) ax ttMSf 3824 

Amowomue can be received by 
tclcpbooc between 9.0Oun and 
SJOpm Mandav in Frida) 1 . On Saw- 
day between ohOsm and 12 noon. 
W-W W iOoiit Forpobbcsdontbe 
feBrnring 4>V phone by 1.30pm- 

etr on Conn and Socwl Pagt SSwSm 
+ 15* WT. 

Coon and Social Page wmowce- 
mom eta not he acocpgd a y 
ttfcpfeone. Enquires uc OT-IZZ *■» 
(after 1030am L or send ax 
I, binawir SbML tmrfaa El. 

IK iha hath an Mr. la Mm 
Mkwmim smut Ba«tt onto 
(fit ettmfes. 

IHwlrtmi 3: « 


BMtKES To RKbard and Man* 00 
29tn May. a " ~ “ ' 

BEMWONT On MMr 2S» to 
uife Haymo) ■“***“ 1 
Hamel Frances Daisy, a sister for 
CMtrtotW and George. 

BLOTTOn 28tb 

an d Jenny * son. a txriber for 

naoME on 2Sth Mmt t# Rojattod 
ini, SbenmO and David, a son. 

and John a son. John Room- 

bmclcy On May 26 B 1 al me USB' 

pS rSai mi nrratne face McCnflocti) 
a brother For Emma. 

emus on aw f 

Ota coa> and 

Manama Looto. * 

f or Marco. 

CBOttCC CM Maygrm in 

Oatre tote *2™^ 

if^u g£i«r (Rebecca Sarah) ****** for 

COUIENKM On 28U) May. at St 
Peter's Hospital. Chertsey. to UmBi 
tote P a rt am ta) and Philip, a son. 
Jonathan David Stuart. 
ComMMUm On May 29 to 
Leonte (trfe Wilson) & John, a son. 
Otaries John- a (readier tor Amanda, 
wnuam & Victoria. 

NAVA On M» 271b * Q. 
mSarab Oife BlacMay) and David, a 
son. Henry OMwr BtocUay. 

PANSONSON On 300tAprt toGBtom 
inAe BUMics) and WJJHam a son. An- 
dSwwSSn- A brother Mr RacheL 
raHOMS On May I71h. al The Ooaat- 
ess of Chester Hospital. tO N Bchaei 
and Angela (oi* Horftml a daughter. 
Eumb edt Ivena veronica, a sister tor 

SpOMtttMAMN On May 28m tn In- 

and Fraidc. a son. Douglas Frederic*, 
a brother tor Pippa and Jaw w- 

SYMES To John and Ann Cnfe Boddie) 
I^dauohier. Chalotu Louise 
Mackenzie 00 271h May hi OBOWL 

WBKMT On May 29tt£ria. Teresa. 

uMmMedon. ■ to Mdad and 
GerohUne. a scat. NOtolas Pbfflp 
James. , 

2ARS On 29a May. to Lndndatofie 
may) and Henry, a daughter. Emily 
Kate Sakxne. 


mmunl On 9 a May. to Qwl wa. 
Mfdtael 10 Ursula OMbsildd - ntr 
Dawson Bates). 


ADBEY - On May SOUl Ntobti 
Louie, widow of Leonard Francis 
Addey mid Moved mother of John 

art lhe late OM^ThomraAdi^ 

Service art ge mation a l Roae Ha 

Grentmortofn. Doncaster m 3.00 pm. 

Wednesday. June am. Ftowen may 
be to CF&. 89/90 Spdm Oar- 

dens. Doncner. 

C1IHWEH On Wednesday. SStft May 

oSSiy aw* 

pancasBe, Ooctontnoolh. <W«i 

widow trf Si. GeowCwjvgLF^aa^ 

to aervlco was boldm Brtoam*. 
fatiiuy nowers only ■ Dcnajtoos Vde- 
§Sdfor Or Matte Girte NwsmCTOi 
t. Hoewcai. S9._ • KtrMWd. 
Codtermouih- Ontaonto 
FAIRLEY On May 88th peacefully at 

iSSies BaSr Nortnfl Hdtne. 

Coring. Angela, darting mother qf 
CarStoe art CWtlesand mo* 
joved wife or uw wu mm. 

Svlce at 8 . 

.Wrtlndferd. rt art ad aoo 
dal, toUowed by private citMW, 
mhwwT W. Marcham . W ood 

Street WaUtngtonL 

to Cancer Research Fund. 

FORD Peter Bay nion . cm Thursday 
asm May. 1986. to Down House. 
WUnmie. Exeter. Elder son of Stveua 
and Antony Charles Baynion art 
husband of Ruth Mary (nfe Chur- 
Chfll). after a oomgeons sBag^e 
against cancer. Ftatetal Sendee at St 
Mary's Church- WHropte on Man- 
day. 2nd Jt me al 3.00 pm. Do n ations 
If desired to Cancer Relief. C/o E 
Hanstoid Sr Sons CDevonl Ud. U»- 
don Road. Whimpte. Any Dowers to 
Dawn House. 


pea cef u ll y all 

HMnnoWre- Esiswsd " vrBe of B te te te 
Robin, mother of Michael and Nicho- 
las art grandmother of Peter. 
CaroUne, Sarah, Nigel and Rtehard- 
Prtvate crasnatton. Thankagtytng 
Service at St Maw The virgin. 
Rowner Lane. Rowner. Gosport rt 
— "me. No 
■ to the 

Distressed Gentlefolk AssodaUon or 

r Peacefully on 24Di May. 
widow or Harry, baorol 
wire, mother and grandmother, will 
nnssed toTrt her tartly 
and many Meads. Private 
Hon. Memorial service « Brtrt 
Church on Tuesday lsi July m sjso 

peacefoliy at Newpark House for re- 

Mariorie aged 91 wars (tormally of 
Hrtingten near Crewe). Funmd on 
Tuesday June 5rd. Service and Cre- 

lortum at 12 noon. Would relatives 
art mends wishing to attend please 
inert at the crematorium. No flowers 
by reouesL mwatkms pref cared to 
Newparfc bouse. Trenham.. c/o Mrs 

O’Connell. The AdrtnWrah*-. 

Ena litres to W R BetteUtsr. Punml 
Director. siSVOoxoter RdUrtm 
Tel 0782 313542 and 392644. 

Hove Park Road. Hfnte. Funmal Ser- 
vice at the Brirttom Bcamigh 
Oentetew cnaitet WMd^ Lewm 
Road. arigMon on Wednesday. 4th 
iunTat 1 1.00 am. No Oowm by re- 
quest but. If desired. dortOnetor 

may K wut SE8UDAGI A Sons. 140 
Brighton. Mb 0273 


KcmOTBR on May soth Omis 
sroit 030. DFC. pwrefidly at Finca 

Votcan Guatemala- 
ORAM - On May 29Ul IWfi. at Sou* 
Newton Nursing Home, SMItoory. 
Captain H. P. K. Oram- Bmai Navy. 
aoeo aa.rauttr of J**»- p****™ 1 ** 

SL Maiy art SL PWrtias. wnton. tm 
Thursday 3 th June, al 2-lSpnv No 
flowws picas* bu* danaums to 3*^ 
marine Memorial Fund. Museum 
Director. hm& DoWtfn. Oowwt. 

pOSnHJMUS On Mav 29th fn Pre- 
toria. South Africa Anne fate 
Tomidnson) dearly loved wife of 
Francois, peace! idly after a long K- 
ness bravely borne. Funeral on 
Tuesday. June 3rd in Sown Africa. 
Memorial Service k) be beM later in 
Wolvertey Parish Church. Worcw»- 
tershire. Ertatoles to Beryl Kearns. 
Brambles House. Freshwater. We or 

SremUNG The Hon. Str A. Dutfiey 
Spurting. K.T.. CB.E.. JJ>.. of 3 
CbiUDos. SL Georges. Beromda. 
Born 9 November. 1913. passed 
away 20 May. 1966. survived by his 
wife. Marion T. Snarling, three chh- 
dreo. racflaRL Mlctiael and Ana. Ove 
grandchildren and two sisters. Edna 
and Catherine. Retired sentor part- 
ner of Appleby. Spurting art Kmpe. 
Berauda ParOamenl 33 years - re- 
tired 1976 art speaker at House Of 
Assembly 1972-1976. 

STRAINS Peacefully al SL RaphaePs 
on May 29th. 1986. In hh 860) year 
wnuam Strang, late of 'Batdornte 1 . 
West Linton and Indian Sendee of 
Engineers (North-Western Railway). 
Sendee at Morton HaU Crematori- 
um, PenUand Chapel on Monday. 
June 2nd aft 2A6 p.m. 

26th peacefully In iter 9 is) year 
Katharine Moitt. danghlerof; dm 
late Rev. art M» Trevor-Garrtck- 
FUneral at PeursBekl Old Qnrty 
on Friday. June 6th at 11.30 an. 

Wtumuu. On 29th M». 1966. 
peacefully. Artec Mary (Biomy) wid- 
ow of BOly and loving mother of 
SbtOa. DKfc and Chris (and the late 
John). Funeral at OUUerns Cremato- 
rium. Amerahamon Wednesday. 4th 
June at 2.00 pm. Famuy ilowen 
only. Donattow u Sava the 


Richard. Successful theatre. 

mm art tetevtstoB actor. Army Offi- 
cer, yachtanan. horseman. Loving 
blend through tOneaw* and berth 
ana amusing travelling cornpanioa 
tor ever 38 years. Died unexpeoediy 
June 1st. 19BS. Sadly mrted. Como 
si emp re . 

NC1U. to tovtng memory of Str nom- 
as Nem who died May 31. 1937 and 
Lady Annie Stmchaa Neffl. DA tte- 
loved widow who died May 21 1985. 

,,, - 1 - - on the 

Mcond amuvenary of her death. Ev- 
ery day la oar prayess. always in our 
thoughts, you are forever In our 
Marts, you are remembered hv your 
many English Marts with pride, 
love art gratitude. 

SAMMCHUM - bias de. lass dted 29 
May 1984. suddenly to Montevideo 
lUruguayL After two bleak years we 
stiff mount your toss.rolmwmoero; 
ty. love you forever, year •orrowful 


Milan joins the big league 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Nationalism broke out in the. 
auction rooms oa Thursday with 
Ffaaxte scoring the highest sale 
price ever recorded In Indy, 
Christie's the highest pud in 
HoBand and Sotheby’s tipping 
then with a record-breaking 
mt» of American pnm tfn * in 
New York. 

In MDan Finarte secured 
1265 millioB tire (indmfisg pre- 
mium), or £527,000, far a huge 
painting called “Ffttraana” by 
Giuseppe FeDizza da Volpedo, 
despite an export baa and the 
state’s right to pre-empt its 
purchase as a national heritage 
item at any time daring the next 
60 days. 

Pellizza was one of a group of 
Italian artists who adopted the 
Divisions! style pioneered by 
Seurat in Paris, applying it to 
subjects displaying social His. 
“ Romans ” shows a crowd of 
hungry workers pooling from a 
factory tike a river mat has 

broken its banks, as the title 

The painting was offered for 
sale subject to the stringent rnles 
applying to works of art that 
have been notified as of national 
interest. The requirement to 
allow public access, report any 
movement of the painting to the 
authorities and offer the state 
first option on resale, in addition 
to the export ban and possible 
pre-emption, normally discour- 
ages buyers from purchasing 
notified items. 

In tills case many competitors 
came forward, including the 
Milanese dty counriL and it was 
knocked down to an investment 
fond from Lombardy. 

In Amsterdam, Christie's of- 
fered for sale a collection of Old 
Masters formed by a Dutch 
industrialist, the lab Frits del 
Monte, and achieved 1,972,000 
guilders (estimate 500,000 to 
800,000 b), or £505,641, for a 
flower siDi-Efe by Jan Davidsz 

de Heem, the noted sevemetrth- 
ceittnry flower painter. It was 
bought by David Koetser, a 
Zurich dealer. The collection 
totalled £901325 and only one 
picture was left unsold, for 
which a buyer was found after 
the sale. 

The star torn of Sotheby’s 
American sale was a portrait by 
John Singer Sargent of the 
elegant wife of a British stock- 
broker and had been sent for 
sale from Britain by her great 
nephew. Mrs Cedi Wade was 
shewn in her withe satin 
presentation gown in an elegant 
Victorian interior in 1886 and 
the painting sold for $1,485,000 
(estimate $300,000 to $500300), 
or £951,923. 

The price sets an auction price 
record for the artist, multiplying 
the previous high by three. The 
sale set price records for 23 
artists and made a total of £6.2 
million with 23 per cent unsold. 


Leicestershire Constabulary 
Chief Superintendent J. 
Newnham presided ax a dinner 
held at the Leicestershire 
Constabulary Officers’ Mess last 
night to mark the retirement of 
the Chief Constable, Mr A. 

Service luncheon 

Clover Club 

Members of the Clover Chib 
(8th Indian Division) and their 
ladies attended a reunion lun- 
cheon held yesterday at 
Quinetxes, Churt. Brigadier 
John Woodroffe was in the chair 
and Colonel TA Buchanan, 
president, was also present. 

Service dinner 

Royal Hong Kong Regi m ent 
Members and guests of the 
United Kingdom Branch of the 
Royal Hong Kong Regiment 
(The Volunteers) Association 
bekl their annnal dinner last 
night ax the Cavalry and Guards 
Club. Lieuteuant-CoJone] J.W. 
Bell, branch chairman, presided. 
Mr Colvyn Haye, Hong Kong 
Government Commissioner in 
London, Brigadier B.G. Hickey 
and Lieutenants-Colonel T.W. 
Chaney, O. Lindsay and F. 
Richardson-Aitken were guests. 

Service supper 

St Barton Association 
Members of the St Barbara 
Association held their reimion 
buffet supper at HMS Dryad last 
night Vice-Admiral JJ.R. Os- 
wald was in the chair and 
Admirals Sir Desmond Dreyer, 
Sir John Hamilton and Sir 
Frank Twiss were present 

Visit to Ireland 

King Juan Carlos and Queen 
Sofia of Spain are to make a 
state visit to the Republic of 
Ireland, starting ou June 30, it 
was announced in Madrid yes- 
terday. The Spanish royal cou- 
ple visited Britain last month 
and West Germany earlier in the 

Sunday services; 
First Sunday 
after Trinity 

9.30. it .Sung Eudv Te Deum 
(Walton), the Archdeacon: 9.30 M: 

3.16 E_ Responses (Holmrai. Wrirome. 
sweet and sacred feast CFlnzU: 630 
ES. the Rev J H Edmonds.. 

HC: Mtasa brevis (Palestrina). Jesu 
dulcts memorla (Anon): 10.30 M. 
Bened Ictus (Stanford In BV Te Deum 
[Vaughan Winiams In G). ven F W 
Harvey; 3.16 e. the CheruMc hymn 
i Gmch anl noflj- 

WESTMJ ' -STER ABBEY: 8. 12.1 6 
HC: 10-30 M: II Civic Service. I was 
glad (Parry). Right Rev John 
nckerateili: 3 E_ [ saw The Lord 
(SiatrerV Rev Sebastian Charles: 6.30 
ES. Rt Re v E O Knarm- Fisher. 
9. 12. 5 30. 7 LM: 10.50 HM. Mess* 
SotenneUe (LangtaMj. Jubilate Deo 
(DerinoJ. O sacrum convivium 
(Messiaen): 3-30 Vespers. Magnificat 
pruni tool (VtctortoL Salvator mundi 

Canon Turner. 3.13 E: 6 Dickens 
Festival Ser vice, the Prece ntor. 

QUEEN'S CHAPEL. St James's Pal- 
ace: 8.30 HC: II. IS Sung Euc h. the 
Ven C W BorreR. 


11.16 Sung Euch. Ven Bazll Marsh. 
GUARDS CHAPra. Wellington Bar- 
racks: 11 Sung Euch. Rev C R W 

M. Te Deum (Slant onl in Bv. 1 heard- a 
voice (Weetkest. the Chaplain. 
TEMPLE CHURCH. Fleet Street: 8 JO 
HC: 11. J6 MP and HC, Responses 
(John Reading]. Te Deum Laudamus 
(Gray). JubOate Deo (WaltonX the 

dens. SW5: lo HC n Sung Euch. 
Ave verura f Cored! i, Ret- W J 
Kirkpatrick: 6 Evensong and Benedtc- 

ST GEORGE'S. Hanover Square. 8 JO 
HC: XI S*u» Euch. Sing loyfully 
IBvrdl. the Btshop ot Edmonion. 

ST JAMES'. CarftCkhythe: 1030 

Eung Eucn. Expectants Expeciavi 
(Wood). Preb Donald Moceman. 

ST JAMES'S. PHxadUly: a JO HC: IX 

Sung Euch: 6 EP. 

Bung Euch. Dw Kate Ricketts 
ALL SOULS. Langham Ptaceji IX Mr 
Chua Wee Hlan: 6.30 Family Commu- 
nion. Rev Rlcfiara 
Church Street: 8 HC: 11 ChlMrrn's 
Service: II Partsh G 6 E, Preb 
Letteilon Thomson. 
CHRISTCHURCH. Ohetsea: B HC: 11 
Parish C 6 E. Rev D R Watson. 
Audley Street: 8.1S HG 11 Sum 
Euch. Maw for Four voices fByrax O 
sacrum convivium (Messiaen). Rev A 
W Marks. 

HOLY TRINITY. Brampton Read: 
8.30 HC ill Sung Euch- Preh J T C S 
Collins: 6-30 ES. Rev N K Lee. _ 
HOLY TmNTTY. Prince Consort 
Road. SWT: a 30 HC 11 Euch. Rev 

Mamn brad. . _ 

HOLY TRINITY. Sloane Street: 8.30. 
12-io HQ 1030 Euch. Canon Rob- 

ST ALBAN'S. Brook* SL ECI: 9.30 
EM: 11 H^^MUsa brevis (Leighton}, 

Behold Ol 


FT Baker. 530 LM. 

II HM. Musa O guam glortosum eat 
regnum (Victoria). Ego aunt pants 
vlvus (Pafeassnna). Tatuum .ergo iVlc- 
tonal: 6 LM and Benedlctloa. 

Southfield.- 9 HC 11 Euch. MUs» 
Quarta (Patestrina). _ O Sacrum 
Convivium (Tatou. lhe Rector: 6.30 E. 
May lhe Grace of Chrlit (Brian 
Brockless). Rev Colin Scotl-OeniMter. 
ST BRIDE7S. Fteel Street 830 fill 
M and Euch. JidMIate (Wesley In F). 
Rev Percy Coleman: 6.30 E. Laudate 
Nomen Dondnl CTVe). Rev Wallace 

Sussex Gardens: 8HC 

10 30 Sung Euch. Mass far Three 
Voices (Byrdk 6 E. Snort Service 

(Farrant.i. Ocuil Omnium <Byrdl. 

ST LL«E*S. Chelsea: 8. 12.16 HC: 
10.30 Sung Euch. Byrd In four voices. 
Jesu. the very though! iBatrstowl. Dss 
S Watson: 6.30 £. Save us, O Lot d 
(Balrstowi. Rev N Wrtr 

ST MARGARETS, Westminster: tl 
Sung Euch. Canon Trevor Beeson. 

12.30. 7.30 HC; 9.4§ Family a Rev 
Philip Chester: 11.30 MS. Rev Fred 
Stevens: 2.45 Chinese Service; 4.15 E; 

6.30 ES. Rev Michael Beck. 

ST MARY ABBOTS. Kensington- B. 

12.30 HC: 9 30 Sung Euch. the vicar: 
11.15 M. Civic Service: 6.30 E. the 

ST MARYLEBONE. Marylebone 
Road: a 11 HC. Mlsea O quam 
gfortosum esi regnum (Victoria). Rev 
R McLaren: 6 30 Ministrv oi Healing. 
Laying on of Hand& Rev C K Hamel 


ST MICHAEL'S. Cornhill: 11 Euch. 
Blessed be lhe God and Fattier vS.S 
Wesley 1 

ST PAUL'S. Robert Adarn Street: 1 1 
HC. Rev Alan Dadd: 6.30 Rev George 

ST PAUL’S, win on Place: 8. 9 HC: 11 
Solemn Eurh. Collegium Regale (Her- 
berl Howells/. I was glad (C H PanyL 
Benrdlc Domlne (Peter Phlltpa). Rev 
Davki Cam pbell. 

ST PETER'S. Eaion Sq: HC B.15: 10 
fam ily M ass: 11 solemn Mass. _ _ 
ST STEPHE1VTS. (Houresier Road: 8. 
9 LM; 11 HM and Procession of the 
Blessed Sacrament: 6 Solemn Even- 
song and Benediction. Rev Robert 

LAND. Pont Street: 1 1 Rev Alexander 
Calms 6.30 Rev John H Burm. 
LAND. Coven! Garden: II 15. 6.30 
HC- Rev Kennem C Hughe*. _ 

THE ASSUMPTION. Warwick Street: 
B. 10. 12- 4. 6. LM: 11 SM. Mfasa 
aelema Chrtsu monera »Palesirtna). 
Kekrtce In the Lord iBalaklrefn. 

^^^3^30,8.30. 10. 
12.15. 4.15. 6. IS LM: 1 1 HM. MiMa 
in Honorem bvm iFUkci. In hac 
mensa (Mendelssohn}. 

THE ORATORY, tenmplon Road: 7. 
B. 9. I a 12.30. 4.30. 7 LM: 11 HM. 
Mass Tu es Petrus 1 PateKrlnaJ. Esio 
mini iHaydnj: 3 JO Vespers and 
Procw do n. 

ST ETHELDREDA^. Ely Place: 11 
SM. TroISJrme Messe Soloneue 
iGullmann. Tan turn Ergo 1 Duron e). 

Wl: 11 Rev Ren F AlUMn. 

CHURCH. Wl- II. 6 JO Rev Ken 

KENsKkjTPN URC. Alien Street. 
WB: 11 HC: 6.30 Dr Kenne th Sla ck. 
URC. TavWock Place. WCI: 11 Rev 
Wesley Workman. 6.30 Mbs Rose- 

marv Walls. 

SL EC2: 11 HC. 

John Miller. 


11 Rev Ronald c Glbbma. 


(MeUipdlsii: 11 Sister Jackie Pin: 6.50 

westminsVlr^ch APEL. &^no- 
ham Gale: It. 6.30. Rev RT Kendall. 

Science Report 

Cancer treatment cuts side-effects 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Patients suffering from cancer 
are beh^ offered a new system 
of drug treatment which means 
they can lead a normal life 
with fewer unpleasant side- 

Traditions) methods of 
treatment with anti-cancer 
drugs Hsnally involve the pa- 
ttern being given large doses at 
long intervals. The dlsad van- 

severe side-effects and the fact 
that the dreg dose present at 
(he site of the cancer is not 

Preliminary stndies at Exe- 
ter University and the Royal 
Devon and Exeter Hospital 
have suggested that those 
problems may be overcome by 
frequent or oven continuous. 

delivery of low levels of the 
drug by infusion. 

Recent technical advances 
in access to the Mood system, 
and portable infusion pomps, 
have provided the capability of 
giving continuous cancer che- 
motherapy to some categories 
of patients in their homes. The 
HOPE project (Home Oncolo- 
gy Programme, Exeter) Is 
developing that strategy. 

This form of treatment is 
used in a large number of 
centres In the United States, 
but Exeter specialists are the 
first to hunch 9 substantial 
research study into it in 

The researchers are now 
investigating the most effec- 
tive drag combinations, the 
best ways of preparing and 

storing the drugs for delivery 
by infusion, and the way in 
which the drugs may be 
changed biochemically in the 
patient's body daring 

About 70 patients have al- 
ready received treatment in 
their own homes. “Some have 
been able to lead good useful 
quality lives with minimal 
side-effects*', according to Dr 
Chris Rowland, of the radio- 
therapy and oncology centre at 
the hospital. 

. Dr Rhwland is working with 
the hospital's department of 
pharmacy and the department 
of biological sciences at the 
university. “In a number of 
cases, a good response to 
tumours has been seen”, he 





Dr Richard Onians. Profes- 
sor of Latin at London Uni- 
versity from 1936 to 1966, 
died on May 21. He was 87. 

Richard Braxton Onians 
was bom in Liverpool on 
January II, 1899. After an 
undergraduate career at Liver- 
pool University, where he 
graduated with first class hon- 
ours in classics, he went as a 
research student to Trinity 
College, Cambridge, in 1922. 

Here he worked on the 
explanation of various con- 
cepts to be found in Homer, 
and his expanded thesis was to 
win the Hare Prize in 1926. 

The regulations for the prize 
required publication by 1929; 
but Onians obtained permis- 
sion for postponement and his 
work did not appear until 
1951 under the title The 
Origins of European Thought. 

Although the book, which 
covers a vast field, does not 
always cany conviction, it was 
one of the most important of 
its day in the field of classical 
studies and remains a valu- 
able tool. 

Unfortunately, Onians pub- 
lished little else, although he 
worked at additions to the 

He was lecturer in Latin at 
Liverpool University from 
1925-33, and Professor of 
Classics at the University of 
Wales from 1933-35 before 
going to London University 
the following year. 

Combined with a warm 
heart, Onians had a strong 
sense of right and wrong and 
judged actions firmly by those 

In 1937 he married a stu- 
dent of his, Rosalind 
Lath bury, with whom he re- 
turned to Cambridge and who 
survives him, along with two 
sons and four daughters. 


Father Andras Zakar, secre- 
tary to Cardinal Mindszenthy, 
who was imprisoned and tor- 
tured by the communists in 
Hungary in 1949, has died. came to public atten- 
tion quite young: in 1942 he 
was appointed secretary to 
Cardinal Seredi. whose anti- 
Nazi policy he loyally support- 
ed. Zakar went on to serve 
Cardinal Mindszenthy with 
the same courage and loyalty 
and he was with Mindszenthy 
when the Hungarian Nazis 
arrested and imprisoned him. 

By 1947 it was clear that the 
communists would not only 
take over the government but 
also turn Hungary into a 
Soviet satellite. Determined 
efforts were made to get rid of 
Mindszenthy. He and his 
associates were subsequently 
tortured and put on trial 

Zakar was sentenced to 15 
years’ hard labour but served 
only a third of the term. He 
was too weak to leave with 
Mindszenthy when the Vati- 
can ordered the cardinal to 
Rome. The torture he endured 
left him a frail man for the rest 
of his life. 


Mr Peter Granville Owen, 
CMG. whose distinguished 
service as a colonial police 
commissioner look him to 
some of the world’s trouble 
spots in the 1960s, died on 
May 25, aged 67. 

He was the last Commis- 
sioner of Police for Aden 
where, during the troubles in 
1967, he led an expedition 
into the riot-tom Crater dis- 
trict to rescue more than £4 
million of government 

Owen was Commissioner of 
Police in Gibraltar in 1960 
when he was awarded the 
Queen's Police MedaJ. 

He later commanded the 
1. 800-strong police force in 
British Guyana during the 
riots there in 1 962. For this he 
was awarded! the CMG. 

After his retirement from 
the service, Owen did valuable 
work for the Save the Children 
Fund, latterly as the 
organisation's deputy director 
of fund raising. 

He leaves a widow, Mercia, 
a son and a daughter. 


R. A. H. writes : 

In your otherwise excellent 
obituary of Dr James 
Phemister. published on May 
26, all mention of his work in 
mineralogy was omitted. 

His meticulous investiga- 
tions of minerals, often with 
complex features, were recog- 
nized by service on the Coun- 
cil of the Mineralogical 
Society on three separate 
three-year periods. He was 
elected President for 1951-54. 

After his retirement from 
the Geological Survey he be- 
came editor of Mineralogical 
Abstracts, a position be held 
for seven years. 

He was a Fellow of the 
Mineralogical Society of 

Lurene Tuttle, a versatile 
radio, film and television 
actress, has died in the United 
Slates, aged 79. She appeared 
in Orson Welles's film version 
of Macbeth and Alfred 
Hitchcock's thriller. Psycho. 

Mr John Bergm. CB, Depu- 
ty Secretary, Lord 
Chancellor's Department 
from 1 977- ) 980- dial on May 
24, aged 65. 



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: und 


la May 


SATURDAY MAY 31 1986. 

MP seeks fire 
alarm review 
as car blows up 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

An urgent review of security “Now 1 cannot believe I was 

at the House of Commons was stupid enough to stand 20 ft 
called for yesterday after the from a blazing car but I did 
engine of as MFs car blew up not know what else to do." 
in the members’ underground The car park was half empty 
carpark. as most MPs had not returned 

Mr Brian Sedgetoore, La- from the recess. The area 
bour MP for Hackney South where Mr Sedgemore’s 1977 
and Shoreditch, vainly tried to Vauxhall Cavalier was parked 
raise the alarm for 10 minutes is two floors underground- It is 
after running from his blazing equipped with a sprinkler 
car. The fire was eventually system. But a fireofficer said 
put out with water, leaving it operated only in tempera- 
him shaken and fhrious at the tunes over 180 deg F. A video 
lack of security and 'safety camera scans the area. There 
precautions in the car park. are no smote sensors. 

He told The Times: “I was A spokesman forthe securi- 
just about to drive off when ty office said: “This is hardly a 
there was a big bang and security matter.” 
flames shot up from the a fire officer who examined 

bonnet in front of me. the burnt-out car said the fire 

“1 leapt out of tbe car and alarm had not gone off be- 
rushed to the fire extinguisher, cause pieces of splintered glass 
but I could not get it to work. I had been left in place over the 
was terrified that at any button. The fire extinguisher 
moment the petrol tank would did not work because a catch 
blow. was left on. 

“I could not understand 
why nobody came. I broke the 
on the fire alarm but 
nothing happened. After 10 
minutes someone came into 
the car park and I sent him off 
for help. 

Security in the car park and 
surrounding area was tight- 
ened up after Mr Airey Neave 
was killed by a car bomb 
planted by the Irish National 
Liberation Army in March 

Navy missile may have 
shot down helicopter 

Continued from page 1 
Corps apparently had not 
informed the Navy about this 
particular mission." 

Mrs Cockton said tbe Army 
was sending a general to see 
her. But she said: “I am not 
interested in their lies. Now ft 
is not a question of finding out 
how Simon died, but why." 

A ministry source said that 
initial examination of frag- 
ments of missile found near 
the helicopter had suggested 
that it could not have been a 
Sea Dart. 

But a detailed examination 
in Britain of fragments could 
not rule oat the possibility that 
the micaile was a Sea Dart 
which f i raim stanrial evidence 
suggested was HMS Ca r di ff ! 

The Ministry of Defence 
yesterday attributed the shoot- 

ing down to a “breakdown in 

f mrnaanifuriwK " 

The helicopter appears to 
have been defected on HMS 
Cardiff's radar as “a slow 
moving” object and, because 
the ship was not expecting a 
British helicopter in the area, 
ft seems to have been identi- 
fied as a hostile Argentine 

The three men who died in 
addition to Lance Corporal 
Cockton, were Major Michael 
Forge, of Rochester, Kent, who 
was unmarried. Staff Sergeant 
John Baker, married with two 
children, of Rochester, Kent, 
both members of the Royal 
Signals, and Staff Sergeant 
Christopher Griffin, married 
with me child, of Yarmouth, 
Isle of Wight, who was the 

Welsh mine rings in a roy 




- >jp: 

Autumn start for new 

from page 1 Ay A able — should alwa 

on confidence that t] 

Continued from page 1 

was a good idea to deliver a 
wide-ranging oration about 
the needs of that school 

“He is well advised to listen 
for a bit before coining to a 
conference like this." 

Mr Patten's speech to the 
conference restated Govern- 
ment policy on education. He 
said he agreed that more 
resources were needed for 
education if all tire improve- 
ments the Government want- 

ed in curriculum, 
examination s, and in-service 
training were to be achieved. 

Referring to speculation in 
tire press about extra resources 
for Mr Baker, he said he did 
not know whether any of this 
speculation would prove 

“But I think 1 can say that 
the provision of extra re- 
sources — if they were avail- 

able — should always depend 
on confidence that they will be 
used to effect 

“Put more amply, a minis- 
ter with collective as well as 
departmental responsibility is 
like a bead teacher. He is 
unlikely to ‘give’ unless be 
knows what he can ‘gef in 

“That is sensible and re- 
sponsible management what- 
ever the scale of tbe service or 
institution one is helping to 


Mr David Pelham, a 
geologist, holding a sam- 
ple from file Clogan St 
David’s mine in Wales. 
The ring for the wedding 
of Prince Andrew to Miss 
Sarah Fergnson will come 
from Welsh gold mined 
there (Ton Jones writes). 

This will follow a tra- 
dition established more 
than 50 years ago by 
Queen Elizabeth the 
Queen Mother. 

Garrard’s, the crown 
jeweller, will craft file ring 
out of metal extracted 
from the mine in a remote 
valley above the 

Mawddach Estuary m 
Gwynedd, North Wales. 

The gold for Miss 
Ferguson's ring was pre- 
sented by the Royal Brit- 
ish Leaon to the Qneen in 

(Photograph: Suresh Kuadfa) 

show aid 

From Christopher Walker 

hi a move reminiscent of 
recent pop dnuity events ia 
the West, thousands gathered 
ro Moscow's nonhero Olym- 
pic sraimro last night to 
attend a pop concert orga- 
nized by leading Soviet rock 
bands » rase mods for 
victims of the Gmh£L. 
audear disaster: . 

The naprecedeaied concert, 
the idea of the poptdar singer, 
Alla Puga chova, aa dlbg So vir 
et pop impiessarioasd musk; 
critic Artyom Trashy,. was- 
advertised amply as account 
number. 904, after the find set 
upstate State Bank winch Ins 
raised nuffions of roubles to 
Chernobyl sad the 92,000 

hr addition to Miss Puga- 
chova. who topped the txU. 
groups ifietnded the new wave 
bandBravo, and the progres- 
sive rock band Avtograf who 
made a brief satellite appeal 
race on fast year's Live A3 

Provision was nude for 
Western journalists to watch 
and film the event, which was 
beamed by satellite to tire US. 
O iganizcrs said ticket sales 
were expected to raise 100,000 
roubles CE88JJ00), with more 
coming from sales of video 
cassettes and recordings of tire 

Miss Pugachova told West- 
on reporters: “Chernobyl has 
affected us all very deeply. 
The mi s fort une hit not just a 
group of people, but a city, a 
country and tbe entire planet 
1 Mr Troitsky said that wfae£. 
he applied a r tire Centra/ 
Committee of the Communist 
Party for permission to hold 
the concert, he asked for 
Western bonds to take part 
He was not refused, but was 
told there was not enough 
time to oiganize invitations. 

• ToD rises; The death toll in 
the Chernobyl . disaster has 
risen to 23, according to Dr 
Robert Gale, the American 
bone marrow spcraalua who is 
treating radiation victims. 

Dr Gale is due to fly to Kiev 
tomorrow to check on other 
victims of tbe disaster and to 
begin work setting up aheaftb- 
screening programme. 

Nuclear injury, pure 2 


Solution to Puzzle No 17,054 Sotutiou to Puzzle No 17,059 | Today’s events 


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The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,060 

A prize #Tbe Tunes Atlas of World History will be given for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries should 
be addressed to ; The Times, Saturday Crossword Competition. 
Bax 486, 1 Virginia Street, London El 9XN. The winners and 
solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's companion are: Mrs P Piruon, 
Prospect Avenue, Famboraugh, Hants; Mrs A G Bird. Duncan 
House, Dolphin Square. London: A S Potts. InstowRoad. Earley, 
Reading, Berks. 




J Argentine sea cook (6). 

4 Policeman takes note to pan 
of Yard (8). 

10 Art movement's idiosyn- 
crasy (9). 

11 Birds run in all directions 

(5) . 

12 She needs a change of habi- 
tat (7). 

13 Row of bouses in high-rise 
flat area (7). 

14 More modem vessel head- 
ing North? On the contrary 

15 Extreme form of treatment 
patient won’t stand for? (8) 

18 Such a boring task can 
make you prosperous (4-2s 

20 Ancient lawmaker, a prin- 
cess of Colchis (5). 

23 Last employer's drink (7). 

25 How Romans kept things 
in proportion (3.4) 

26 Swimmers approaching 
middle section (5). 

27 Plainly cooked, without 
dressing (2.7). 

28 Pikestaff? (8) 

29 First mate holds tire edge 

( 6 ) . 

Concise Crossword page 27 


1 School's head let one out for 
interval (8). 

2 Weapon extended with 
respectful salutation (7). 

3 Choose examination for this 
sort of college (9). 

5 Police, damn it, involved 
with my business (7,7) 

6 Keep a horse on canal, say 


7 Love-song to write inside or 
outdoors (4.3). 

8 Coin for examiner in queer 
street (6). 

9 Spy chief is right to steal 

16 Job wasn't made easier by 
one; however (9). 

17 Corresponding but never 
meeting (8). 

19 Try to influence jury to 
hold tight (7). 

21 Plan undear about Indian 

city (7). • 

22 Tries, for example, a large 
number (d). 

24 Losing his head. Mahler 
turned to another com- 
poser (5). 

The Duke of Kent returns 
from Australia, arrives 
Heathrow. 6.55 am. 

New exhibitions 
218th Annual Summer Ex- 
hibition: Royal Academy of 
Aits, Piccadilly, Mon to Sun 10 
to 6 (ends August 24). 

New British Painters L Work 
by Pauline Alhvright, Lucy 
Jones, Alain Miller, Diane Rob- 
erts and Paul Stork; Milton 
Keynes Exhibition Gallery, 555 
Silhury Boulevard; Mem to Wed 
9.30 to 6, Thurs and Fri 9.30 to 
8. Sat 10 to 5 (ends June 28). 

Sculpture, drawings and etch- 
ings by John Smalley; 
Posterngate Gallery, 6 
Posterneate, HaB; Tues to Sal 
lOtoSJO (ends June 28). 

Tomorrow’s events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Htzabeth The Queen 
Mother visits Ripon to attend 
the celebrations to mark the 

I. 100th anniversary of the 
granting of the first Charter to 
the City; Ripon Cathedral. 

II. 10; Spa Hotel 1.15; Foun- 
tains Abbey, 3.10. 

Princess Anne, President of 
tbe Patrons of the Birmingham 
Olympic Council attends an 
Olympic Ball Tbe Metropole 
Hotel Birmingham, 6-30. 

New exhibition 
The Lancashire Chair, 18th 
and 19th century; Towndey 
Hall Art Gallery. Bnmley; Mon 
10 Fri 10 U> 5 30. Sun 12 to 5 
(ends September 28). 


Recital by Michala Petri (re- 
corder), Hanne Petri (harp) and 
David Petri (cello); The Stables, 
Wavesdon, MDton Keynes, 8. 

Recital by Alexander Baillie; 
Christopher Place, off Market 
Place, St Albans, 5 pm. 

Concert by Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra and An- 
drew Wilde (piano); Winter 
Gardens, Bournemouth, 8 pm. 



Births: William Worrell 
Mam physician, Manchester, 
1819: Walt Whitman, West 
Hills. Long Island, New York. 
1819: Walter Sickert, painter. 
Munich, i860; Sir Francis 
Younghesband, explorer, Mur- 
ree. Punjab, 1863- 

Deaths: Tintoretto, Venice, 
1594: Franz Joseph Haydn. 
Vienna, 1809; Jean Lannes, 
Due de Montebello, Marshal of 
the First Empire, Vienna, 1809. 

End of the Sooth African 
War. 1902; Battle of Jutland, 


Births: John Masefield, poet 
laureate 1 930-67, Ledbury. 
Herefordshire. 1878; Marilyn 
Monroe, Los Angeles, 1926. 

Deaths: Janies Gfllray, cari- 
caturist, London, 1815; Sir Da- 
rid Wilkie, painter, at sea, 1841; 
James Buchanan, 15th Presi- 
dent of the USA (1 857-61 L near 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1868; 
Sir Hugh Walpole, novelist, 
Keswick, Cumbria. 1941; Helen 
Keller, writer, blind, deaf and 
mute, Easton, Connecticut, 

HMS submarine Thetis sank 
in Liverpool Bay and 99 lives 
were lost, 1939. First Ptad— 
Bonds drawn, 1957.' 

In the garden 

After a much delayed start 
plants, weeds included, are 
growing fast. It will be more 
prudent than ever to thin and 
weed rows or patches of veg- 
etable or flower seeds when the 
seedlings and weeds are very 
s mal l Seedlines fighting with 
weeds may suffer a check from 
which they never fully recover. 
Deal with them as soon as they 
are large enough to handle. 

Bedding plants that have been 
raised in peal blocks. Jiffy Ts or 
peal pots, or bought in, must be 
well soaked with water before 
planting and watered in after- 
wards. It is difficult to wet the 
compost in a peat pot if it was 
div when planted. 

The sun is quite powerful 
now, and even with shading on 
glass and full ventilation, tem- 
peratures in a greenhouse can be 
80° — 90°. Damp down the 
staging and floor with water two 
or three times on really hot days. 

House plants are growing well 
and appreciate a soluble feed 
every 10 to 14 days. Always see 
the compost is moist before 
applying fert i l iz er. Keep leaves 
of foliage plants dean and move 
indoor plants back into the 
room out of direct sunlight. RH 

Gardens open 

The pound 

AintnfaS 2 .to 2JJ4 

Austria Sch 2*90 2X70 

BsSfteaFr 7X90 69.10 

Canada S 2.105 2405 

DanwkKr 1X17 1247 

FHmdMkk 840 740 

Franc* Ft 1140 1073 

QuraanyUa 15S 3475 

Grace* Dr 22X00 21040 

Hong Kona $ Tt45 1145 

MNndPt 1477 1.117 

QriyUn 243000 231040 

Jspai Yea 26940 25540 

NetatandsGU X98 ITS 

Norway Kr 1145 1145 

Portugal Ek 23440 22240 

South Africa Rd 445 445 

5p«n Pt* 22S4Q 21440 

Sw*dwKf 1141 1076 

SMtxwMFr . 295 200 

USAS 1535 1465 

Yoge aia ria Dor 58SXC 525.00 

Rntra for grnm ngnctritaOan Mnk notes 
Orty as euppHed Oy Bercteys Bank PLC. 

Dmereni rates apply to travellers' 
" uign curr e ncy 

cheques and other 

Netaa ftic* Mas 3884 
IjofXoatVv FT Indair desalt Oo miSiS st 



The Norte MS: Delays due id rap*s 
between junctions 31 and 3Z, LmceshkB. 
Ml: Lennaod tana dosuras on N andS 
bound carriageways at Btooow Bridge due 
to construction of new motorway Ink at 
Wettxi Sranmtt. A49c Cara needed N and 
S ot Tarportay Aa to work on bypass. 

Wl ee— riB ie W eae MrCn n kari o w on 
S bound esnttaeway between knetions 8 
(MSQ and 9 (TSAesbuijI amid. A402X 
Work on Nerri u unJend SI Bristol, care 
reqrared. M4: Detajrs end restrictione bet- 
ween tonettone 21 and 22 Severn Bridge. 

ffe aMe nrir Gtoagow: Prostpecthl Rd 
dosed between Annan St andBatBeOekl 
Rd. Sun 840 to 4, aversions. M: Lea 
doswas E bound at Garscube RdSoyover 
E of lection 17, 8l George's Oroes, Sun 
S40to4. E*Mb Menton or Sun et 
a3Q bum London Rd,Meariowb a r A Stad- 
lum. follow dNenion on N aide of ciy. 



A ridge of high pressure 
near SE En^and will give 
way as frontal troughs 
move SE across the Brit- 
ish Isles. 

6 am to midnight 

TODAY tan is akowe fa 

High Tides 

For readers who may have 
missed a copy of The Times this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Port/duo price changes 
(today’s are mi page 24). 


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13457 16088 .17829 

27792 31219 33394 


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between 10am -3 30pm. 



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- 13 55 

- 13 55 

- M 57 

- 13 55 
’ - 13 55 


46 16 61 


■ - 15 59 


44 16 61 


- 16 61 


- 14 57 


- 13 55 


- 14 67 


- 15 59 


44 14 99 


- 15 59 


45 14 57 


- 13 55 


- 14 57 


41- 12 54 


46 12 54 


.IS 10 50 


42 12 54 


45 13 as 


.15 13 55 

Our address 



C F 
f 12 54 
M2 54 
• 26 79 
C 11 62 
c« 77 
C 24 75 

i ton 
■C 12 54 
t 18 64 
f 12 54 
c 18 88 
I 18 84 
f 30 88 
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a 36 97 
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* FT 30 Share 

*« 1321 .2 (-5.6) 

£ FT-SE 100 

£ 1602.6 (-6.4) 

USM (Data stream) 

>■ 119-96 (-0.92) 


‘ \ US Dollar 

.£* 1.4730 (“0.0195) 

W German mark 
*/ 3.4225 (-0.0073) 


^ 76.0 (-0.5) 

t: - 

> Inoco bid 


"/ Inoco has dropped its pro- 

:' 1 ’ posed! bid for its fellow oO 
v ;- company, Petronol, alter the 
'.'/.i Takeover Panel ruled that it 
!!•{ was acting in concert with the 
' 4 former Petronol chairman, Mr 
, 1 CJ. Smith. 

Inoco, which had intended 
j to .make a shares offer for 
PetronoL, said it did not have 

■ .the money for a cash 
-i, alternative; 

,'c . Mr Smith and Inoco held a 
’•'» total of 31.6 per cent of 
*5 Petronol on April 30, above 
-i the 30 per emit level at which 
the panel requires a cash 
H alternative. 

" Polly Peck up 

Polly Peck raised its pretax 
profits from £282 million to 
£3 ] 2 million for the 26 weeks 
to the end of February. Turn- 

■ over rose from £83 million to 
£114 million. Tempos, page 23 

Lopcx offer 

- ' Lopex, an advertising and 
public relations company, is 
coming to the stock market 
■- via an offer for sale by 
XJeinwort Benson of 3.15 
million shares at 145p each, 
: valuing the company at £1 9.5 

million. Tempos, page 23 

Mr Brian BaMock, roanag- 
- rag director of Imperial Lei- 
sure and BeCamng, is to 
leave Imperial Group after 
the Hanson Trust takeover. 
s He is to become managing 
’ director of Guinness derel- 
opraent (derations, which 
emprise health farms, res- 
^tenants, retailing and pnb- 
Z j^hh^Henmyrnsojointhe 

- main D irinnaa bond. 

” - ■ " ■■ ' ■■■ " ' ' " "" ■ """ ■ • 

M Common loss 

' . Common Brothers, the 
shipping company, lost 
♦ £630,000 before tax in the six 

< months to December 31, 1985, 

j against a profit of £17.9 mil- 
\ lion in the same period of 
1984. Turnover fell from 
£1 9.5 millkmto £14.8 million. 

- Tempos, page 23 

Asda issue 

' Asda Property is to issue 
914,600 new shares at 328p 
each — a 4.92 per cent 
discount to Thursday's mar- 
ket dose — to a anafl group of 
mainly institutional investors 
to raise £2.92 million. 

More time 

Evered Holdings, the indus- 
trial products group, has re- 
ceived acceptances for 2-57 
per cent of McKechnie Broth- 
ers and controls 4.63 per cent. 
Its takeover offer has been 

Stake goes 

Guinness Peat has complet- 
ed the disposal of its stake in 
Britannia Arrow Holdings 
with the sale of $10 million 9 
per cent loan stock to 
mgamon Holdings and £5 
„ million loan stock to funds 
managed by MIM. 

No referral 

The acquisition by British 
Syphon Industries of 
MarsbaD's Universal is not 
being referred to the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission. 
The offer res been declared 

US trade deficit shrinks 
by surprise 17 per cent 

Fkom Bailey Morris 

The United States trade 
deficit, assisted by sharply 
tower ofl prices, narrowed to 
$12.07 billion (£8.07 billion) 
last month, a surprising 17 per 
cent drop from the March 

Commerce Department of- 
ficials released the data as the 
•White House stepped. up its 
campaign to defeat protec- 
tionist legislation now before 


President Reagan, in a ver- 
bal sparring match with Dem- 
ocrats who accused him of 
ruining US export trade, said 
the Bill would result in higher 
ronsuraer prices and put mil- 
lions of Americans out of jobs. 

‘‘This Bill is worse than 
protectionism. It is des- 
tructivism”, Mr Reagan said 
in a speech aimed at Sfrnan* 
Republicans who have threat- 
ened to pass a revised version 
of the politically popular 

Register of 
likely to 
be rejected 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Government is expect- 
ed to announce that it will not 
amend the Financial Services 
Bill to accommodate propos- 
als requiring life assurance 
and unit trust salesmen to be 
entered on a central register 
open only to those passing a 
test of competence. 

The announcement is ex- 
pected on June 12 , the dale 
provisionally pencilled in for 
the report stage of the BdL 

The proposals were put 
forward in March by the 
Marketing of Investments 
Board Organizing Committee 
which is to merge with the SIB 
before the Financial Services 
Bill becomes law. 

But they do not appear to 
have found favour with Mr 
Michael Howard, the Minister 
for Consumer and Corporate 

He is believed to have 
told Mr Mark Weinberg, 
deputy chairman ofthe SIB, of 
his decision this week 
and is expected to send formal 
written confirmation next 

Mr Howard is understood 
to have considered that it 
would be administratively im- 
possible to maintain an accu- 
rate central register because 
there are about 150,000 sales- 
men, many of whom frequent- 
ly change jobs within the 
industry, who would be re- 
quired to register. 

His decision is likely to be 
warmly greeted by the clearing 
banks and the building societ- 
ies both of which have strong- 
ly opposed the concept of 
individual registration. 

It will throw the regulators 
back on to the provisions of j 
the Financial Services Bill, 
which deariy make authorized 
investment businesses respon- 
sible for ensuring the compe- 
tence and suitability of their 

The BDI also provides for 
the creation of a blacklist of j 
salesmen who have been | 
barred from selling life assur- i 
ance and unit trusts, which < 
will be maintained by the SIB. ' 

It can only be inspected by j 
those with good reason for j 
consulting it, although Mr j 
Howard has said that this j 
provision is the Bill will be i 
liberally interpreted. < 

$ billion 



F mamjjasond'j FMA 

House of Representatives Bill 
this summer. 

During Mr Reagan's speech 
to the National Association of 
Manufacturers, the audience 
remained silent, reflecting the 
growing division among busi- 
ness leaders over free trade 
versus managed trade policies. 

Momentum behind the Bill 
has been generated by the 
record US trade deficit which 

rose to $ 148.5 billion last year 
and by new forecasts that it 
will remain high this year and 
next. Both Democrats and 
Republicans say the record 
deficit is evidence ofthe failed 
trade policies of the Reagan 

The April figures released 
yesterday reflected both good 
and bad economic news. The 
deficit narrowed largely be- 



New York 

Dow Jones 1889439 (+7-34) 

WkkS Dow 16870.77 (+€0.16) 

t£S SWB 1787.96 f+1!L2D> 


Commerzbank 1989X1 (+34 -B] 

gKSe- W7.HHA 

PkS-CAC 354.6 (+M 

SKAGeneral — — 531 .30 (+1-90) 
London dosiog prices Page 24 


617.11 (-4.83) 
3S4.6 (+2iJ) 



£• $1.4730 
£: DM3.4225 
£: tndex:76J) 

New York: 

£i 51 .4730 
& Index: 11B.7 

ECU £0.629595 
SDR £0.768653 


. London: 

Sank Base: 1CP® „ . 
3-mcntSH interbank 
3-modft ekg&le M3 s:9tf-9'w% 
ag ing rate 

Prime Rare S.50% , 

Federal Fimds 6** * 

3*nontti TreaswYBKs 6L3M38* 
38-year txvxfs 95* 

LME fights on for 
special case status 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

| The Loadoa Metal Ex- 
change will go on fi ghting for 
its members to be treated as a 
special case under the Investor 
Protection BilL 

Mr Jacques Lira, chairman, 
told a meeting of exchange 
members yesterday: “Well 
continue to that 

we're a special market and 
need special roles and wBl 
fight for that**. He was sup- 
ported by big industrial clients 
of the exchange. 

The LME*s argument tint 
measures designed primarily 
for private investors should 
not apply to trade or industrial 
clients challenges the Securi- 
ties and Investments Board's 
principle that all markrt users 
be governed by the same rules. 

But the LME has accepted 
the principle of settling eon- 
tracts between members 
through the International 
Commodities Clearing House, 
even if it wants to retain a 
modified version of its prompt- 
date trading system Instead of 
adopting the kind of futures 
contracts traded on most 
exchanges around the world. 

Exchange representatives 
wBl meet SIB officials on 
Tbesday to press their case for 
separate treatment The LME 
says that as most of its 
business is with industrial or 
trade users of metals rather 
than with private Investors, 
the proposals in section three 
of the SIB's draft Conduct of 
Business Rules should not 


These rides inditde a provi- 
sion designed to prevent bro- 
kers and fund managers 
selling inappropriate invest- 
ments to individuals, a re- 
quirement on firms to conduct 

a client's business at the price 
most favourable to the client 
and a requirement that prices 
are quoted publicly, 

Mr Lion is still keen on an 
old idea that metal brokers 
wishing to deal with private 
clients should be individually 
licensed. But this idea, which 
arose out of scandals in the 
early 1980s, was dropped by 
the Government in favour of 
the principle that all types of 
broking should be subject, as 
far as possible, to the same 

There is, however, a recog- 
nition in the senior ranks of 
the LME that other changes 
are unavoidable. Mr Michael 
Brown, chief executive, when , 
presenting the outline clearing 
system to the meeting, said: 
“We concluded some time ago 
that solutions other than the 
clearing house were 

He outlined a hybrid system 
under which the present 
prompt or maturity dates 
would be retained far the first 
three months forward, bat only 
on Wednesdays, for a further 
12 months. Prompt-date set- 
tlement will be kept. 

Instead of traders having to 
pay margin on their contracts, 
their original and variation 
margin — the down payment, 
usually 10 per emit, and the 
difference then needed to 
maintain that degree of cover 
as prices change — will be 
covered by bank guarantees 
lodged with the International 
Commodities Clearing House. 

The final proposal was that 
initially only fall ring de ali ng 
members of the LME could 
become clearing members of 
the ICCH. 

Pegler rejects higher 
bid from Tomkins 


FH Tomkins, the rapidly 
expanding industrial holding 
company, yesterday delivered 
its increased and final offer for 
Pegler-Hattensfey valuing the 
valves- to-building products 
manufacturer at £202 million. 

It also bought 2 million 
shares, or 6.5 per cent, in the 
market at prices up to 673p. 
Added to its original 3.7 per 
cent holding and acceptances 
received, Tomkins now con- 
trols 12.7 per cent of Pegler’s 
ordinary shares. 

Mr Greg Hutchings, chief 
executive ofTomkins, said the 
offer was intended to be a 
knockout blow. Peeler's 
board, however, rejected it as 
inadequate. Mr Rex Inman, 
the finance director, said: "We 
could not recommend such 

Five Oaks 

By Judith Huntley 

Five Oaks Investments, the 
property company 29.9 per 
cent owned by Mr David 
Wield ns’s British Car Auction 
Group, has acquired a £7 
million portfolio from Abaco, 
the growing financial services 
and property group. 

Five Oaks, which suspend- 
ed trading on May 27, also 
announced a two-for-one 
rights issue at 47p-a-share .to 
raise £5.8 million net as part of 

the £6.1 million cash payment 
for three freehold properties] 
purchased from Abaca 

The 4«l will bring Five 
Oaks' net asset value up to 40p 
per share. The company ex- 
pects dealing to start again on 
June 17 at aprice of about 51p 
per share. This capitalizes it at 
£10.8 million. The rights issue 
is being underwritten by Rob- 
ert Fleming & Co with British 
Car Auction taking up its 

Abaco has agreed not to sell 
its stake for 1 1, months on the 
condition that BCA maintains 
its current holding.- * 

highly-valued paper to our 

Tomkins is offering 29 of its 
shares for 14 Pegler shares, 
valuing Pegler at 658-7p a 
share, an 11.5 per cent in- 
crease on its first bid and 40 
per cent higher than Pegler 
shares before the bid was 

The cash alternative has 
been raised to 600.7p per 
share from 529.3p. The con- 
vertible election has been 
raised to £5.50 in nominal 
To mkins convertible prefer- 
ence from £4.94. 

Pegler said shareholders ac- 
cepting the cash offer would 
forego Pegler’s 1 4.25 p final 
dividend, reducing the value 
of the cash to 586.45p. 

cause of generous supplies of ! 
low-cosi oil which caused 
imports, primarily energy im- 
ports, to decline by 10 per cent 
last month. 

Economic forecasters have 
been predicting for the last 
tiro months that US growth 
will pick up sharply in the 
second half of the year because 
of the favourable, unforseen 
factors of lower oil prices, a 
lower dollar, low interest rates 
and low inflation. 

But imports also dropped 
last month by 5 per cent, 
indicating that the effects of 
the lower dollar have yet to be 
beneficial and continuing a 
trend of the last 12 months. 

Some influential business 
leaders contend that the ef- 
fects of the high dollar and the 
record trade deficit on US 
industry has been so damaging 
that a wide spectrum of Amer- 
ican products are uncompeti- 
tive and will remain so unless 
the Government takes action. 

No profit 
by Thames 

By Clare Dobie 

Thames Television, the 
London weekday television 
company whose successes in- 
clude Minder. Edward and 
Mrs Simpson and The 
Sweeney, is to be floated on 
the stock market next month 
with an expected value of 
nearly £80 million. 

It hopes to sell some of the 
18 million shares on offer to 
its viewing public. Thames is 
already carrying advertise- 
ments expressing its corporate 
message, and it has plans for 
further advertisements. 

It published a pathfinder 
prospectus yesterday, with 
most of the details of the 
flotation except the price, 
which has yet to be decided. 
Thames also announced that 
Sir Ian Trethowan. the former 
director-general of the BBC 
has joined the board. 

The pathfinder document 
sets out Thames' uneven prof- 
it record, with profits rising 
from £8.6 to £14.1 million in 
the year to March 3 1, failing to 
£8.75 million in the following 
year and recovering to £14.6 
million last year. There is no 
profit forecast, but Thames 
reports that advertising reve- 
nue is running 22 per cent 
ahead of last year. 

Thames operates under a 
franchise which expires at the 
end ofl989. It expects to retain 
the franchise after that, but the 
“pathfinder" points out that, 
if its application was unsuc- 
cessful it would continue to 
make programmes. 

The document also gives a 
warning that the proposed 
changes to the levy system will 
hurt Thames in the short 

Anglo United 
and Burnett 
discuss link 

The on-off relationship be- 
tween Burnett & Haflamshire, 
the troubled coal-mining 
group, and Anglo United De- 
velopment appeared to be on 
again yesterday with the two 
boards announcing talks 
“which may lead to a merger 
of the two companies". 

Mr David McErlain, chair- 
man of Anglo United, con- 
firmed that the hostility which 
had arisen from Anglo's £42 
million takeover bid for Bur- 
nett last month. 

“We are thinking in terms 
of a merger now because both 
sets of boards and their mer- 
chant banks are talking to one 
another", he said. 

“Now we are making sure 
that the synergy is good" 

War of words between 
Lloyds and Standard 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 
Lloyds Bank's bid for Stan- ment of Uoyds’s record 

Lloyds Bank's bid for Stan- 
dard Chartered has gone a 
stage further with the banks 
sending letters to each other’s 
shareholders, a move which 
emphasizes the gulf between 

Sir Jeremy Morse, chair- 
man of Lloyds, has written to 
Standard shareholders reject- 
ing the valuation made by 
Standard of its United Stales 
subsidiary. Union Bancorp. 

la its defence document a 
week ago Standard's US ad- 
visers, Goldman Sachs, gave 
Union a theoretical market 
value worth nearly half the 
Lloyds offer although the hank 
contributes only about 20 per 
cent to Standard's total group 

n fits. But. according to Su- 
nny, “assets are only worth 
what they earn, unless liquida- 
tion is intended.” 

Sir Jeremy accuses Standard 
of exaggerating the differences 
of structure and management 

ment of Lloyds s record 

He says:“The statement ig- 
nores the improvement in 
capital and income which 
stem from our offer.” 

Sir Jeremy adds that ibe 
basic offer is now worth 762p, 
compared with Standard's 
share price of 803p, and would 

f ive an increase in income to 
tandard shareholders of 72 

Lord Barber, chairman of 
Standard, in his letter to 
Lloyds shareholders, urges 
them to vote against the 
takeover proposal 

Lord Barber maintains that 
Lloyds has '‘seriously 
underestimated" the many 
structural and commercial 
problems a takeover would 
create, and that the organiza- 
tional problems were magni- 
fied by the other objectives 
Lloyds had set itself. He 
argues that Lloyds does not 
have the management re- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Why bonds market menu 
is bringing indigestion 

The US bond market dropped with a 
thud on Thursday, a move duly 
followed by gilts yesterday. The 
markets have taken on board the 
general message, underlined by the 
Organization for Economic Co-opera- 
tion and Development this week, that 
lower inflation, foiling interest rates 
and stronger growth are on the menu. 
What is causing the present indiges- 
tion is the order the courses are 

The bond market foil, more than 
two points at the long end, was a direct 
result of evidence of a more robust US 
economy. The 1.5 per cent April rise 
in the leading indicators was the 
biggest for three years. 

The implication is that, while 
interest rates may come down natu- 
rally, there is less need for the Federal 
Reserve Board to be cajoled, into a 
discount rate cut to keep things 

It is this belief that has been driving 
the dollar up over the past fortnight 
The dollar has sailed through the 1 70 
level against the yen and £30 to the 
mark with little difficulty. Yesterday, 
it was up around DM2.3250 and 
1 74.50 yen, pushing the pound down a 
couple of cents to $ 1 .47 in the process. 

The narrowing of the trade deficit to 
$1 2.07 billion last month, from the 
Si 4.52 billion originally estimated for 
March, added to the fun. 

The gilt market, in the absence of 
much to chew on at home, feeds 
almost exclusively on happenings in 
the US bond market. Yesterday's falls, 
extending to a point at the long end, 
reflected Thursday's drop on Wall 
Street, tempered by hopes that an 
early base rate cut could still be on the 

However, a fall in the sterling index 
from 76.5 to 76.0, albeit entirely due 
to the dollar, and a £1.22 billion 
shortage, pushed money market rates 
up by a sixteenth. 

In the absence of an international 
lead, and the US bond market was 
treading water yesterday, domestic 
factors may play a more prominent 
role in the timing of the next base rate 

After the dreadful April money 
numbers, when sterling M3 jumped 
by 3.2 per cent a more respectable rise 
of between 0.75 and 1 per cent is 
expected for banking May, figures for 
which will be published in 10 days. 
That still leaves the 12-raontb growth 
rate at 1 7 per cent, comfortably above 
the 11 to 15 per cent target, and 
enough to keep the caution signals 
flashing at the Bank of England. 

One area where the new pragmatic 
monetary policy is clearly succeeding 
is in its effects on our old friend, the 
bill mountain. The Bank's commer- 
cial bill holdings, a bloated £16 billion 
a year ago, have plunged to less than 
£9 billion this month. 

The removal of this massive distor- 
tion will help the embryo 

comrnmercia! paper market, and this 
in trun should produce a slightly 
happier picture for broad money 
growth later in the year. 

A nail-biting finish 

The final stages of Dixons' £1.5 
■billion bid for Wool worth Holdings 
are going to be a severe test of nerves 
both for Dixons and for Woolworth's 
large institutional shareholders. 

Dixons has to decide where to pitch 
its final offer. It has no intention of 
paying “too much”: diluting earnings 
and setting up a disappointing 
aftermarket in the combined group's 
shares. The market would not thank it 
for that 

Woolworth shareholders, some of 
whom are busily trying to push 
Dixons' offer price up. will eventually 
have to decide at what price, if any, 
they are sellers. If Dixons does not 
respond to some of the wilder market 
expectations — and there is every 
indication it will not — Woolies 
shareholders who are not prepared to 
risk the possibility of a fall in the price 
should the offer fail, would have to 
take what was on offer or sell in the 

Woolworth's shares are unlikely to 
fall to pre-bid levels of around 600p if 
Dixons' bid foils, because the defend- 
ing management has done an ex- 
cellent job of raising awareness of 
Woolworth and where it is going. But 
there must be a downside from 
yesterday's price at 835p, which puts 
the company on a multiple of 34 times 
last year’s earnings excluding property 

The market is talking up the 
Woolworth price because the opportu- 
nities presented by the prize are so 
enormous. The vast floor space and 
low level of sales per square foot have 
not yet been made to work. Although 
talk of £10 a share, which raises the 
historic multiple to more than 40 , 
seems excessive, it is the future that 
Dixons is being asked to pay for. 
Dixons, if its bid fails, carries its own 
downside risk. 

It is in no hurry to raise its bid — it 
has until June 1 3 — and when it does, 
an intelligent guess might be around 
850p to 900p. At 900p the earnings 
dilution this year, assuming profits 
from Dixons of £100 million and 
Woolworth of £105 million, would be 
about 24 per cent before any merger 
benefits. Dixons, in its present mood, 
is unlikely to want to go higher than 

Its own share price performance 
could be crucial, as it was in the 
Currys bid when Dixons’ shares rose 
steadily in anticipation of victory. 

style ofthe two banks and of sources to take on a business 
Trifl irin g an' inaccurate asses* as complex as Standard. 


for all seasons. 

Sound companies often fall temporarily 
out of favour. To invest in these companies 
when their share price is depressed is to gain 
the chance of significant capital growth. 

Regardless of the prevailing stockmarket 
conditions, these opportunities can occur 

The Oppenheimer 
Worldwide Recovery Trust 

gives Financial Advisers a mana ged fund that 
seeks capital growl h by investing around the 
world in selected companies with recovery 
potential. Your clients therefore get a spread 
of international investments to minimise 

Like all unit trusts, investment should 
be considered for the medium to long-term. 

The fund is managed by the team res- 
ponsible for the No.l Unit Trust in 1985, 
European Growth, and our International 
Growth Trust, currently top in its sector over 
1,3,5 and 7 years. 

To get a copy of our 
Brochure h A Fund For all 
Seasons’ call 01-489 1078 or 
write to us at 66 Cannon . . 

Street, London EC4N 6AE. 

its were 
31 49p. 
y’s toad- 
ied 7p 
eting at 

Hofit was 
was 781 

A member company of the Mercantile House Group. 






New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street stocks generally re- 
treated in early t rading yester- 
day from Thursday's record 
level as rising interest rates 
threatened to end the five-day 
winning ran, traders sa jtf . 

The stocks virtually ignored 
the pressure on bonds in 
posting new - highs bat could be 
losing this momentum, they 

The Dow Jooes industrial 
average which tost 11 points in 
the opening stages reduced die 

loss to 2.76 at 1^79.59 by qjjtf- 

The transport average was 
down 2-58 at 807.16, with die 
utilities average down 0.72 at 
189.10 and the broader 65 
stocks average down 1.65 at 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change composite Index 
slipped 0.15 to 14122 whOe 
Standard & Poor's composite, 
index was down 030 at 



& 39 -& 36 prsm 
027 - 0 . 1 8 prem 
3 %-Zftpreni 

AMR 58 % 58 ft Bresnone 23 ft 23 ft 

ASA 34 % 34 ft Fat Chicago 34 ft 34 % 

A**xagrwl 45 % *5% FatrmBncp 64 % 84 V 

ABMStrs 45 ft 45 ft FstPennC 8 ft 8 ft 

ABsCNmr* 5 ft 5 ft Font 81 % 80 

Alcoa 41 ft 40 ft FTWadwa 44 ft 45 

Amaxlnc 14 ft Uft GAFCorp 37 ft 36 ft 

Am'ftfa Hs 21 ft 22 V GTE Cam 49 ft SOft 

Am Brands 87 88 ft GeriCorp 7 l« ?J% , 

Am Can 74 ft 74 ft -GenDy'mcs 78 ft 78 ft 
AmCyran'd 78 ft 76 V GrmSectnc 81 80 K 

AmBPwr 26 % 26 ft Gentnst 24 % 24 % 

Am Express 63 ft 63 ft GonMifls 76 ft 77 ft 

Am Home 87 B 7 V, Gen Motors 80 60 % 

Am Motors 4 % 3 ft GnPbUtny 19 ft IS 

Amsrnm 42 ft 42 Geneses 2 % 2 ft 

AmTetepft 25 V 25 ft GeorgaPsc 32 ft 32 % 

Amoco 63 % 63 ft GBate 44 K 44 

ArmcoSM 9 ft 9 ft Goottfcfi 42 42 

Asarco 18 % 16 Goodyear 3 lft 31 ft 

Ashland M 56 ft 56 ft GouUbK 23 % 23 V 

AfFWifield 54 ft 54 ft Gnus 57 ft 56 ft 

Avon Prods 34 % 34 ft GtAtt&Tac 24 % 24 ft 

BkrsTstNY 50 % 49 ft Grtmd 34 % 35 X 

Bankamer 17 % 17 % GrumenCor 30 % 30 

Bk at Eteaxi 38 ft 39 ft Gull & West 61 V 81 

Bank of NY 68 ft 66 ft Heinz Hj. 43 ft 44 

Beth Seel 18 ft 17 Hercules. 50 ft 50 % 

Booing 58 ft 58 ft H'lett-Pfcrd 46 ft 46 ft 

BseCaswte 59 % 59 K Honayvwfl 77 % 77 ft 

Breen 63 ft B 3 ft iCbxfa 46 X 47 

Bg Warner 28 K 28 S teaereoB 68 % 67 

Bnst Myers 80 % 80 ft Wand Steal 23 22 ft 

BP 35 35 ft IBM 153 151 ft 

Surf footed 38 % 37 INCO 13 % 13 ft 

BurttonNtn 68 % 67 % ha Paper 80 % 60 % 

Burroughs 58 58 % Ira TaTfei 49 ft 48 ft 

CmpSsl%> 56 % 55 % frying Bank 54 ft 55 

Can Pacific 13 ft 13 ft Jhnsnajhn 69 ft 70 

CHterpaer 54 % 55 KatearAkjm T 9 ft 19 ft 

Ceianese 225 V 222 KerrMcGee 29 % 29 % 
Central SW 30 ft 30 ft Kmo'lyCtrK 87 % 86 % 

Champion 28 ^ 26 % K Man 51 V. S 2 V 

Chase Man 44 % 44 % Kroger S 3 53 

CbmBfcNY 53 % S 3 ft ufSTCorp 7 ft 7 ft 

Chevron 40 40 Litton 85 ft 85 V 

Chrysler 39 39 % Lockheed 55 % 55 % 

Gfftcorp 62 % 6 Tft Lucky Strs 28 27 % 

dark Equip 22 22 V ManH'nver 55 V 55 ft 

Coca Cota ii 6 v 113 V MonvaaCp 2 % 2 ft 

Colgate 39 ft 40 Mapoo 44 % 44 X 

CBS 134 135 % Marine Mid 58 55 

Clm&iaGas 40 39 % Mrt Marietta 46 V 46 % 

CWmEng 34 33 ft Masco 29 V 29 % 

CocnwHh Bj 31 31 McDonalds 103 % 106 % 

Cons E<ts 43 % 43 % McDonnell 82 V 81 ft 

Cn Nat Gas 53 % Sift Mead Six 51 V 

Cons Power 12 % 12 ft Merck 99 V 99 ft 

Cntrl Data 25 % 25 ft MktttaMng 105 % 105 % 

Coming Gl 69 V 72 MotflOil 31 ft 31 ft 

CPC tel 66 V 66 % Monsanto 68 67 % 

Cram 33 ft 33 % Morgan JP. 90 ft 89 % 

Cm Zeller 46 % 46 % Motorola 47 % 46 ft 

Dart & Kraft 58 V 58 ft NOT Carp 55 % 54 % 

Deere 29 % 29 % NLIndstre 12 % , 12 ft 

Doha Air 45 % 45 % NetDisors 40 40 X 

Detroit Ed 17 17 ft Nat Med EM 24 23 % 

Digital Eg 90 ft 90 NatSmcndt 14 ft 14 % 

Disney 47 V 47 % Norfolk Sth 84 85 ft 

Dow Cham 56 % 5 SK NWBanap % 39 

Dresser ted 18 % 18 ft OcckMPtf 28 V 28 

Duke Power 42 ft 42 ft Ogdon 34 % 34 ft 

DuPont 83 % 82 % QtoCotp 45 % 45 

Eastern Air 3 % 9 V Owens* 75 % 75 

Estffl Kodak 60 % 59 % PacGasB 23 22 % 

EaionCorp 71 71 ft Pan Am 6 ft 6 ft 

Emerson B 89 ft 90 % PennayJG- 81 % 83 

Exxon Carp 59 % 59 PannzoN 51 % 51 % 1 

Fad Dpt Sts 83 83 ft I Pepisco 35 97 % I 


Pfizer 63 % 

PhetpsDgO 27 % 
PfxfcpMrs 69 % 
PW%*PM 10 % 
Potoratd 69 
PPG IK 83 % 
Prctr Gmbl 78 
Pt> S E 8 G 38 % 
fta-ttaon 60 % 
BCXCorp 86 
RynfdsMet 48 V 
RockwaBIM 47 % 
Royal Dutch 74 ft 
Saraways 43 % 
Sera Lee 64 ft 
SFESopac 34 % 
SchTberger 31 % 
Scott Paper 57 % 
Seaream 6054 
SearsRbck 47 ft 
StwB Trans 47 % 
Singer 52 % 
SmShMnBk 94 % 
Sony 20 % 

SthCalSd 30 ft 
Sperry CCHp 74 % 
StdOiOhO 46 ft 
Starting Dra 46 ft 
Stevens JP 34 ft 
Sim Comp 46 V 
Teledyne 347 ft 
Tenrwco 38 
Texaco 32 ft 
Texas ECor 35 ft 
Teem test 139 
Texas Ut*s 32 % 
Textron 59 
TnmfraCor 53 % 
TRW Inc 108 % 
UAL tec 61 % 
Unlever NV iB 2 ft 
Un Cartels 23 ft 
UnPacCor 54 
UU Brands 26 K 

us sum 21 

UtdTachnol 50 % 
i Unocal 21 % 
■fidiMMer 44 % 
WmerUnW 59 
Wafis Fargo 95 ft 
OTstgftseB 55 % 
Weyerh'ser 37 
Wmtpool 60 % 
Woofwortb 91 % 
Xerox Corp 61 ft 
Zenith 26 ft 

day's range 

NYOlfc EBlfrlJOlO 
Montreal 2.0544-2.06® 

Brussels B9.S1-70.26 
CTphoen 1Z6442-12.6911 
DuhSn 1.1285-1.1325 
Lisbon 225.60-229.7t 
Matted 21677-819.00 
MaanM 234450-2355AO 
Oslo 11.5421-11.5889 

■snmtni laSio^g 
Tokyo 25171-255.47 
Vienna 24.00-2*15 
Zuncn 2J330MJ3455 

Sertpg Inde i co m pa red wtt 1875 WSSepM 755 ( day* s nmgs76uW6^. 

Raw soppBsd by Barclay* Bank HOFEX site Extat Beak tetemstiaaM 










&ggg » — 

nWWaW ■■ "" 

Australia — 

Canada-™, — 


Norway — 


West Germany - 
Switzerland _ 
Nematfands — 

Hong Kong 



Austria — 

. 2L5320-2J340 
. 1^5770-15780 
. 7.1 950-7 JOSO 
. 77340-7.7440 
. 64700-841100 
. 27960-27965 
. 1.8982-1.8997 
, lfiMS-170.05 



GWJoynson and Corapoa 

SUGAR {Raw} 


— : — 184JF6U 

Oct 16 &*«ld 

Dec 1716720 

a r« i 

- 1R07-16.12 




7 days 6 l, i«-6ft 
3mnth 7'ir6 a i« 

7 days 4 %- 4 % 
3 mnte 4 %p 4 ft 
French Franc 
7 days 7 %- 7 % 

3 mnjfi 7 7 w- 7 1 ia 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2 V- 1 K 
3 mnlh 4 «i» 4 '<s 

7 days 5 - 4 % 
Smnth 4 SV- 4 V 

caa 7%-6% 

ImMh 7-8% 
Smtith 7 l n4»» 
cal S-4 

1 mirth 4%-4ft 
6 mum 4" 10-4*18 
cal 7K4% 

i ntnth 7 t ib- 7°» 
Smnth 7 ? ib-7 is is 
call 25-23 

imnth 4%4ft 
6 ninth 4Ti*-4*w 
can 5-4 

f mnch 4 », v .»m 

8 ninth 4ft-4V 

Base Raws % 

Ctearing Banks 10 
finance House 1 1 ft 
Discount Marta* Loans % 
Ovemmrit High; 10% Low 5 
Week mad: 10 

Traasury Bfti (Dfacourt %) 

Aromitata austral" . 
Australia dollar ~. 
Braa cruzado * ~™ 

2 mnlh St's* 

Smnth 9'w 

2nvHn 9”n 
3mnth 3*18 


lOO- 231-00) 

"Excludes VA' 


Fixed Rats Starling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
interest period April 2 , 1986 to 
May 6 . 1986 inclusive: 10.527 per 

1 moth 9 ra »w9% 2tnrth 9%-9»» 
3mnth 9r»9% 6mnlh 9^0^, 
TTOde Bits (Discount %) 

1 mnlh 1 <?m 2 math 10 X 

Smnth 10' «• Smote 9“» 


OwiTMMr open 9% dOsa 3ft 
1 week 1DK-10V smnth 9%-6»w 

1 mnth 10' ib- 10 9 mnm ^ra-g'w 

Smnth 9 u>* 9 % 12mm 9X-BH 

Local AuteMHy Dspofts f%) 

2 days 9% 7ds*> SV 

ImnthSV 3 mnth 9% 

6 mnth 9ft IZmth 9% 

Local AuOntly Bonds t%) 

1 mnth 10%-10ft 2 mnth 1O%-10% 

3 mnth 10V-1 Oft 6 mnth 9ft-9% 

9 mnth 10-9% 12mth 9%-9% 

1 mnth 104% 3nmth 9%-9% 
Bmnth 9“i»-9% 12mttl 
DoBar CDs (%) 

1 mnth 65M85 3 mnth B.95-6J90 
Bmnth R95-690 IZmth B35S9Q 


Greece drachma _ 
Hong Kongoo«ar _ 

Indis rupee 

Iraqdiw — 

KuwakranarKD ™_ 


Mexico peso 

New Zealand doliw . 
SautfiAraHaripl _ 

Singapore doBar 

South Africa rand — 

. 05820415680 

— 2059-20.72 
. 0,76100.7710 

. 7^4«5-7.8865 
. 2125001450 
. 11572-11584 

— 1850-1950 , 


. 35379-35437 
_ B005-840.0 
. 25714-25830 
. 114415-5^816 
. 35287-35335 
. 5475O&5150 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Thursday’s trading 

July - ■ 


1 Nov 








Oct — 




Juna .. 



June - 









Unofficial pricaa 
Official Turnover figures 

_ 1840-315 
_ 1875-870 
_ 1912-910 

- J95WW7 
_ 1995-990 


- 2020-005 






Prtcetetpsr metric terma 
S8v«rte pence par hoy BW>e« 
Radon Wans Ce-Ud. report ; 

i TTreeroorHia ZZZL, 

* vot aw | 

-Tops — 


Cash 9SS04K9U) 

Three Months — — 

VU » 

Tone . 

2 i> — : s«pmw 

Three Marahs — 



ic ap 

Cash.. 2655-2875 

Three Months— 271*2720 

Vof .6900 

TooeTZi; StetKfiM 


Cash - 4605-^30 

Three Months —tl 

vot J£ 

TOBff “Se 


Cash - - 497JM9&0 

Three Mouths — 5085-^85 

Vo! — 5200 

Tone .swiflar 


Cash — 34&XL345JJ 

Three Months — 3S3J0-354.O 


imUHtt— 353JMSU 

voi w 

Tons -WS 


Cash - 781.0-7825 

Tine Months — 7725-773L0 

Yol 7500 

Tons _ Finnar 


Cash J 2665-2675 

Three Months 2730273S 

TfBt . __ raw 

Tons — — - SW 07 

AreragetsarocmxfcssM | 

May 29 . 

G&catm 10l3Dpparkglw 

Gfib C ta£%-i3»parkg fcw 



Gaols no*, down 238%, xre. 

£ par ww 

S w«! 

Wan UBS TtBO ’I 


EttHf lK 

B afCu sss ^ 


Mora* Oft* OW 


j* unarad mo 

Sg enqfrt 18JS 

Sepi wxjteO Wi 

Vot 7 


fotato futures 


MciWt Open Om 

no* m 

fm « cm 

her* 1190 12lj . - 

May 1290 132$ 

Nw 97* 


a wrsx 


report Iiepar Indre paHl 

Month Cow CUM 
July 114 SB — - 

sept 99.35 9850 

tSr 10180 101.10 

Jan 1ȣS 1B-W 

March 107.70 10680 



■tenth P ‘ P oS£ Ck» 
taw 1068 1072 

log 1038 1039 

Sroi 1103 UOJJ 

&T 1118 11U 

h>t nao ii3D 

High Low Oompmy 



AMM n fa 24% 

AfcnAftm n/a 43% 

AlgomaStl nfa is 

Can Pacific n/a 42% 

Conanco n/a 14 

ConBatfmst n/a 24% 

Hkr/SWCan n/8 30ft 

HdsnBMm n/a 30ft 

Imasco n/a 34H 

ImpnnalOB n/a 42% 

te Pipe n/a 43ft 

Maas-Fhrg n/a 350 

Ry< Trustee n/a 33 

Seagram n/a 82% 

Steel Co n/a 25% 

TTmwn N ‘A* n/a 30% 

Wkr Hiram n/a 38K 

WCT nil 14% 


Three Month Staritea 

Jim 86 

Sop 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jim 87 — 

Sep 87 

Previous day's total m 
Three Month EiaodcJ 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 



Sep 86 

Dec 86 


Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Long&H “ 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

FT-SE 100 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

SPS" Hah Ln Ctoae EstVol 

- 9055 9057 9053 9055 464 

- 9054 90.96 9377 90^ 12Q5 

- 91.13 91.15 91.05 9059 2S6 

- 91.15 91.18 91.07 9181 8S 

- 9150 9181 9059 9181 16 

93.00 03r to ^“"®r*S? 7 “ 

9257 92.99 9289 9PJ19 3690 

9259 92.61 9254 8253 122 

„ J^»vtaiMcto;s total open interest 7475 
97-09 97-09 95-13 95-24 4684 

96-22 96-22 9586 95-10 5837 

N/T 9441 0 

10300 ,oo«^S35*"",a3ri& i<5S 

103-13 109-13 103-13 103-fG 10 

n rr 0 

„„ . „ Pwiousdays total open mterB*t 14003 

124-18 125-06 124-Q3 124-04 2419 

124-25 125-13 124-10 124-12 5400 

WT 124-15 0 

N/T 124-11 0 

day's total open tetenist2300 
15^ 16350 161.35 , 16150 766 

163.60 16380 15380 16380 1 

117 94 
771 683 
ICS 130 
338 286 
120 100 
120 » 
2C1 199 
62'j S3 
53 31 
44« 304 

790 635 
22S 139 
140 108 
143 110 
364 314 
ISO 134 
664 420 
206 ITS 
117 100 
ISO 119 
374 264 
159 136 
93 -i 75 
153 119 
107 65 

190 142 
280 237 
34# 287 
120 90 

55# 460 
ISO 145 
345 2B4 
124 S4'i 
140 IDS 
702 *m 
.151 123 
147 123 
153 143 
337 322 
109 92 
ITS 118 
1B1 138 
330 275 

£3 US 

388 281 
147 127 
195 138 

Mner That 

Mg Amv 8rc 

B rEmpnSec 
Br liw 

Ocwenr Jtean 
Drill fee 
Do CtO 
Drayton Curia 
Oaymn Far Best 
Drayrnn Japan 
Durness Lon 
Bkn Mur Asset 


<■* YU 

Pitta Olga psnea % P/E 

a. 1b 2J«8 
age *®3ss 

44 12 37.9 

U 26 545 

a OB .. 

b 34 422 
i«b OjB .. 
27 44 34.1 

07 1.B5A9 
217 5.1 zn 
21 12 46.1 

3QDU 19 385 
as 02 .. 

128 OS 16J 


HhgSi Lo« Ooapvr 

On va 

Pika OTgaprec* •» 

Oct 86 7V.C^niU...a(B 
Jan 87 7440-7478 75L5 
Apr 87 :H(1 

j3?S7 7825 

Octal' — mao 

jar as — ana 

JVprSB «08 


Vot iSOtots 

HoMLow Cknm 
May 86 W-WO I3SS 

Jun 86 1185-1100 1185 

JW06 J»7S 

Sap 86 1050-1050 1065 

Dec 85 1095-1096 1135 

Mara — nao 

Vot 38 tots - 

Opan m M nwt tt A 

On VU 

Fit Mtance 

First Seal Mnar 
HnH Un Oen 
Henmg Maancan 
Ftewig Oarer 
Fteimg E ntani uM 
naming Far East 

naming T«3> 


oec Capital 

GT J*p5r 
Gononil ftmdi 
Oanonl Cns 
Oto'-i.c-w SIDCfc 


Gomt Made 
Covan OMtal 




-44 324 




09 .. 




02 .. 



39 38-4 



■08 887 


• -1 

4 3 

33 42.1 




15 809 







22 559 






24 5ft3 



1.1 730 




43 322 



44 313 




92 ao 



15 889 




49 329 



129b 3S41J0 


• -1 


19 .. 





27 521 
09 .. 




34 382 




29 43-7 



22 647 



22 64.1 



34 589 









19 839 



50 27.7 




25 547 







496 30 414 


• 4-1 


17 813 

231 154 Gowh SBatagy 

330 244 Grew 

250 215 damn Moure 

194 ise Harem 

307 263 H« |P> 

860 540 bireat n Success 

284 344 tor OO 

59 45 JarenAsrets 

101 so Ktoomcn cnerm 
132 110 KWI O NU 
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- r? SS 


Polly Peck’s image is 
still convalescing 

Polly Peck's corporate stand- 
ing in the City is still conva- 
lescing after the confidence 
shattering it took last year 
when analysts' expectations 
had to be severely downgrad- 

for taking a once-bitten, 
*yfce< fay approach to the 
Perhaps with -its new 
ADR facility, Polly Peck wffl 
find it easier to win friends in 
the US. 

cd just two weeks before the « 

preliminary results. While V-OmmOIl i>rOS 

yesterday's figures were in 

une with forecasts, it will take Common Brothers. 

une with forecasts, it will take 
more than one set of interims 
to rebuild credibility. 

The tOp fall in the share 
price to 1 9 Ip reflected partic- 
ular disappointment with the 
unchanged dividend. Ana- 
lysts had impressed upon the 
company that one way to 
improve its image would be 
to redistribute rather more of 
tire impressive earnings. But 
with an interim dividend 
cover of 16, Polly Peck is 
doing nothing to allay fears 
about the quality of earnin g* . 

The company says it will 
decide and review the divi- 
dend policy at the year end 
but this has done nothing to 
d am p en full-year expect- 

Currency movements 
might have been specified as 
one of the reasons for cau- 
tion; in comparison with last 
year, the average exchange 
rate of sterling against the 
Turkish lira had moved 
about 60 per cent against the 
company. But apparently the 
overall effect of exchange 
rates has been relatively neu- 
tral, thanks to Polly Peck’s 
improved . currency 

Nevertheless, margins in 
the agricultural division — 
which produced a near-£4 
million improvement to 
£26.8 milli on — were down, 
albeit to a still enviable level 
of 34 per cent If not curren- 
cy, that a shift in sales growth 
from the Middle Ea«a to 
Europe may be the reason. 

Electronics is still a far 
Smaller contributor at £1.7 
million. Here, too, margins 
slipped but are said to have 
improved since the year end. 
Textiles profits fell fay HL2 
million to £2.6 million. 

L MesseL, the company's 
broker, is staying with its fall- 
year forecast of £70 million 
pretax, np from £61 milli on 
last year but well below the 
£82 million forecast for 1984- 
85 which had to be so 
hurriedly downgraded. 

A prospective p/e of just 
four would normally look a 
giveaway. But both investors 
and the City can be forgiven 

Common Brothers, the 
shipping line rescued 10 
months ago by shareholders 
and bankers, was the stock 
market's worst performing 
share last year. For those who 
like to Kve dangerously it has 
the trappings of the punt of 
1986: a tiny share price and 
little scrip in circulation. 

Indeed, the shares jumped 
50 per cent, from 6p to 9p, 
after yesterday's interim re- 
sults to December 3 1 . That is 
still no comfort to investors 
who followed tips to buy the 
shares two years ago at I73p. 

Common now pins its 
hopes on the two passenger 
ships run by its Bahama 
Qnise line. The Chernobyl 
disaster, international terror- 
ism and the frilling dollar 
have persuaded many Ameri- 
cans to cruise at home rather 
than venture abroad. Baha- 

can easily be offset elsewhere. 
It operates in nine countries 
and about half its pretax 
profits originate overseas. 
The two biggest businesses, 
consumer advertising and 
marketing support (which 
takes in sales promotion, 
audio visual services and 
conference staging) each ac- 
count for 28 per cent of this 
year’s forecast pre-interest 
profits. Market research and 
specialist communications 
(including fiwanrt^i and cor- 
porate) account for a further 
18 per cent each. 

That spread of business 
sounds reasonably secure, but 
Lopex still has its problems. 
Last year’s profits of £23 
million were barely higher 
than in the previous year, 
because the company lost the 
large Seagram advertising ac- 
count and difficulties in 
South Africa. 

That virtual standstill has 
not dented the company's 
confidence, however. It is 
forecasting a 39 per cent 
increase in pretax profits 

On forecast earnings of 
9.35p after a 44 per cent tax 

ma showed a profit in the first charge- the shares are being 

half and summer bookings 
are up on last year. 

Overall, Common showed 
a pretax loss of £630,000 
against £17.9 million last 
time: Its other main business 
is the redundant drilling ship 
IRO Frigg in which all the 
equity has been written off 
Attempts to sell the ship have 
failed and a safe at any price 
is now being considered. 

Looking ahead. Common 
knows it must diversify, al- 
though attempts to find new 
ventures have so far come to 

In this light even the most 
hardened punters should 
note that the Swedish mer- 
chant bank GyDenhamar, 
which took a 7.7 per cent 
stake last year, passed np a 
chance to take up further 
shares at 16-lp. 


Recent events have taught 
investors that advertising, 
public relations and market- 
ing are intrinsically volatile. 
Clients can come and go, as 
can employees. 

Lopex, which is joining the 
stock market with a price lag 
of £19_5 million, c laims that 
its business is so well spread 
that a problem in one area 

offered on 153 times earn- 
ings. it seems that, in valuing 
Lopex, Kleinwort Benson has 
taken its cue from the good 
reception accorded to Charles 
Barker, whose share offering 
was oversubscribed 1 1 times 
last week. Charles Barker did 
not make a profit forecast 
but. assuming it increases 
profits by 20 per cent this 
year, its prospective multiple 
was between 13 and 14 at the 
offer-for-safe price. 

Lopex and Barker are simi- 
lar in that they are in roughly 
the same business, but dis- 
similar in that Lopex has high 
borrowings and Charles 
Barker has none. On May 2 
Lopex bad net debt of £6.3 
million a gainst shareholders' 
foods of £2.8 million at the 
last balance sheet date. The 
flotation will reduce borrow- 
ings by £ 1.25 million. Charles 
Baker's five-year record 
shows a steadier rising trend 

In both cases institutional 
holders are selling some 
shares. Of the 3.1 million 
Lopex shares on offer, 1.4 
million are new and 1.8 
million are being sold by 
existing shareholders, includ- 
ing Prudential Assurance, 
which is retaining a 5 per cent 

ARC plans 
on island 

By Jndlth Huntley 

ARC Propert i e s , a wheDy- 
owned subsidiary of the Amey 
Roadsttme Corporation, itself 
a 100 per cent snbsdiary of 
Consolidated GoM Fields, has 
unveOed plans for a £150 
nilfioo out-of-town shopping 
centre at Rmmymede, Berk- 
shire — dose to the M25 and 
Heathrow Airport. 

ARC proposes to bafid a 
glass-covered 600- ft long 
shopping mall on what will be 
a floating island rite, re- 
claimed from its former quarry 

at Rmmymede. The 1 hbUmxi- 
sq-ft retail development, 
which wiD include a 300,000- 
sq-ft department store as an 
tenant, will be sar- 
reunded by a yacht basin and 
name reserve. 

ARC has taken a year to 
revise its original plans for the 
260-acre site, of which 60 
acres wfll be devoted to retak- 
ing. The company sees the 
development as a way of 
bring ing back to profitable use 
land that has been 
“disadvantaged” by quarry- 

But the site Is fo the green 
belt, and its future wfll lie in 
the hands of the Secretary iff 
State for the E nvironm ent, Mr 
Nicholas Ridley. Then fa 
likely to be a public inquiry 
into the ARC pr o posals. 

If planning consent for the 
scheme is given it wQl enable 
the company to capitalize oa a 
boosting sector of the property 
market The reclamation costs 
will be high. But the project 

nmlrna fiwanrial «wk» an A Bf 

has the she in its books at 

historic cost 

ARC Properties has another 
potential oot-of-towo retail 
site at Maidstone, Kent, where 
it plans a 500,000-sq-ft retail 

The company, which has a 
total land bank of a thousand 
acres for which it hopes to find 
new uses, fa a property devel- 
oper and trader, and as snch 
intends selling its develop- 
ments, at least for the time 


No one buyer would pur- 
chase the Runnymede scheme 
if ft goes ahead, and new ways 
of selling such investments are 
befog investigated by ARC 
ARC’S Rmmymede scheme 
would be a suitable candidate 
for the new forms of property 
investment vehicles mooted by 
the property industry. It could 
be sold to a consortium of 
investors or floated in. same 
kind of single asset vehicle. 

Rights issue worries keep 
shares in the doldrums 

The long spring holiday 
account ended on a depressing 
note yesterday, with invest- 
ment confidence still under- 
mined by recent heavy cash 
calls and fears of more to 

The liquidation of the port- 
folio of Ashdown Investment 
Trust — recently taken overby 
British Empire Securities — 
accounted for some ferae lines 
of stock on oiler, which were 
easily placed bat added to the 
general uncertain mood. 

The FT 30-share index 
slipped by 5.6 points to 
1321.2, while the FT-SE 100 
index dosed 6.4 lower at 

Sterling suffered at the ex- 
pense of a stronger dollar 
which was boosted by some 
encouraging economic point- 
ers. This dampened recent 
hopes of an early cut in 
domestic interest rates, so 
Government stocks fell by 
more than a point 

Stores also retreated sharp- 
ly, not helped by end of 
account profit-taking. Boots 
fell 6p to 254p on further 
reaction to the results. Free- 
mans, at 384p and Grattan, at 
392p. lost about 14p after their 
annual statements and GUS 
“A” turn Wed 25p to l,05Sp. 

Harris Queensway, still de- 
pressed by the rights issue 
situation, gave up 1 Op to 234p. 
But there were still plenty of 
bright spots to lighten the 
gloom. Dowty jumped 22p to 
240p on strong reports of a 
280p-a-sbare bid from Smiths 
Industries next week. 

Pegler-Hattersley was 
hoisted 35p to 644p following 
increased and final terms from 
FH Tomkins, 4p lower at 
318p Siebe advanced 25p to 
965p after Thursday’s doubled 

is to expand in Britain and the 
United States. Mr Michael 
Mallett has been appointed 
executive vice-chairman with 
special responsibility for strate- 
gic development. 

• HESTAIR: Acceptances have 
been received in respect of 
7,726,929 new ordinary shares 
(about 93 per cent of of the new 
ordinary shares issued). 


COCHRANE: The company 
has purchased the goodwill and 
assets of Ross Cochran & Com- 
pany. The deal includes the 
property and bottling facilities 
in Belfast where production is 
planned to continue. 

profits, taking APV 1 3p higher 
to 588p in sympathy. 

In contrast Metal Closures 
tumbled to I50p on the news 
that the merger talks with 
John Waddington had col- 
lapsed. The shares later rallied 
to 158p, a net faB of 35p. 

Jaguar climbed lOp to 488p 
behind the firm d offer, while 
Lex Service Group was simi- 
larly firmer at 397p following 
the chairman's optimistic 
st ateme nt on car sales. 

I TTs Abbey Life disposal 

Shares in Pineapple Dance 
Studios, the USM-q Doted lei- 
sure group founded by Miss 
Debbie Moore, fell 5p to 61p 
on the announcement of a £2.1 
minion rights issne and plac- 
ing. The shares subsequently 
rallied to dose at 65p. 

continued to overshadow in- 
surances. Abbey slipped by 3p 
to the placing price of 190p. 
Prudential declined by 13p to 
769p. Discount houses rallied 
after Thursday's £22 million 
cash call from Gerrard & 
National, 8p better at 352p. 

The Cfeyform stake contin- 
ued to excite Percy Baton at 
284p, up 8p. Profits below best 
estimates lopped 13p from 
Polly Peck at 188p. But 


Aiumasc (150p) 

Antter (130p) 

Arflngton (lisp) 

Ashley (L) (l^j) 
Barker (Charles! (150(4 
Br island (60p) 
darks Cooper (130p) 
Combined Lease <125p) 
Dalepak (l07pj 
Davies OY (I55p) 

Dean & B (50p) 

Debtor (130a) 

bumper earnings boosted Wil- 
liam Cook by 14p to 1 18p and 
Richards 5p to S6p. 

Yorkshire Chemical was 
marked up lOp to I27p after 
lunching with two brokers. 
Illingworth Morris attracted 
revived speculative support at 
I21p, up 8p. 

Geers Gross also did well at 
77p, up 9p, but profit-taking 
dipped Ip from the recent 
takeover favourite Telephone 
Rentals, at 233p. Biddle Hold- 
ings improved lOp to 170p as 
Myson Group stated its bid 

Thursday's profits warning 
prompted another 5p fall in 
Process Systems to 53p. Fed- 
erated Housing was wanted at 
!48p, up lOp, while Redland 
hardened by 3p to 432p on 
further response to Thursday’s 

11 Group, in which Evered's 
stake is still a cause for 
speculation, rebounded 1 3p to 
55 Ip. Comment on the re- 
duced number of overseas 
visitors unsettled Grand Met- 
ropolitan at 388 p, down 7p. 

Cadbury eased by 4p to 
161p, awaiting news of fend- 
ing arrangements for the pro- 
posed Canada Dry 
acquisition. Stylo jumped 8p 
to 216p on renewed hopes of a 


Haggas (J) (140p) 
Jurys Hotel (1 T5p) 
Lodge Care (70p) 


Reids (MBS) fUOp) 
Green (EJ (120o) 

Tech Protect (I40p) 
Tip Ti 

WaHcome (i20p) 
Wastbury (145p) 
Worcester (I10p) 


company said in Sydney, 
Australia that it will offer 
A us$2.75 cash per share for 60 
per cent of each shareholding in 
Pioneer Concrete Services in a 
partial bid aimed at gaming 
about 67 per cent of the target 

TRUST: The final dividend is 
23p, making 4. Ip (3.7p) for the 
year March 31. With figures in 
£000, income of the investment 
trust was 14350 (13,443), in- 
come of the subsidiaries was 
3381 (3,167). pretax profit 
10,148 (9,426). tax was 3,304 
(3,435) and earnings per share 
were 4.595p (4.03 d). 

bid from British Land. But I 
fading takeover hopes left 
Exco 8p lower at 2l9p and 
Sedgwick fell 1 Op to 32Sp after 
a profits downgrading by 
Fielding. The first-quarter fig- 
ures are due next Thursday. 

M & G Group — which k 
pleased the market with a 38 “ 
per cent profit increase and a 
three-for-one scrip issue on 
Thursday — leapt another 45p 
to 925p. Lower profits snipped 
3p from Buhner and Lamb at 
32p and losses unsettled Reli- 
ant Motor at 19p, down 3p. 

Magnolia gained lOp to 
! 20p after the statement at the 
annual meeting. In textiles, 
Early's of Witney ax 88pand S 
Jerome at 87p, both gained 8p 
on speculative demand. New- 
comer, Aiumasc made a quiet 
debut at the offer price of it 

Sharply higher profits were 
already discounted at Nolton 
Estates, 6p down at 49p. 
Comment on Thursday's trad- , 
mg statement knocked 7p % 
from Sandhurst Marketing at 

7? P' * 

In dull oils, First Land 03 
and Gas, in which Coast 
Investments has a near-7 per xi 
cent holding, added another 
7p to 50p. 

Wlckes (140p) 


Brit Arrow N/P 
Burma*] Oil N/P 
Cater ABen N/P 
Craan (J) N/P 
Feedax N/P 
Hams Oway N/P 
Prudential N/p 
R obinson (T) N/P 
Rosenaugh F IP 
Rotaprint N/P 
(Issue price in brackets). 

23 iei 
46 +2 fid 

18 "7 1 

3-3 74 
2 hi» 

WESTGARTH; There is no 
dividend fbr 1985. With figures 
in £000, turnover was 17,580 
(25,663k operating profit was 
185 floss 1 ,092). interest payable 
was 240 (460) and the loss 
before tax was 55 (1,49 8). 

profit for the present year is 
expected to be lower than in the 
previous two years because sales 
of three new products are 
significantly lower than 

the 12 months March 31 (re- 
stated) the dividend is Up 
(Up), making l.9p (1 .7p). With 
figures in £000. turnover was 

95,650 (66.270). Operating—, 
profit was 3, 1 22 (1 ,466), interest _ j 
was 593 (196), pretax profit was — > 

2,529 (1,270), and tax was 781 

(438). — : 

MENT TRUST: For the six 
months to March 31 the divi- 

dend is 7.8p making 10.8p 

(9.65p). With figures m £000, 
the gross revenue is 16,740 — 

(15.545). being dividends — 

franked 10,270 (9,517), 
unfranked 3,749 (4,350) and — 
interest received 2585 (1.610), ■ 

underwriting commission was ,, 8 & I 
136 (68) administration 
penses were 832 (90S) and 

pretax revenue was 15,908 

(14.640). ^ 

***> i, ■ : / ' 

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‘ . « ' » . . 

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■>, it i \ 

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♦ Yh M 






You enjoy Flora for its li^it and 
delicate taste. 

But you also have a much better 
reason for choosing it. 

That reason is you. 

You know why you need to lead a 
healthier life. 

And you know about Flora too. 

Flora is made with pure sunflower 
oil, so it’s high in essential polyun- 
saturates, low in saturates and low in 
cholesterol too. 

But then if it wasn’t, it wouldn’t 
be Flora. 

Are you eating Flora for all the 
right reasons? 

/wen i » 

■»** Wl WgiHS 4AV. 1*4 

i, - • • •« 


! I 


— SI. 

High in essential polyunsaturates. 




— ^Sold — 

Front ygur portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 

K ubli&bed on this page. If it matches you 
iv e won outright or a share of the total 
daily pass money stated. If too are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when churning. 


Dull end to account 

VYS: Dealings began May 12. Dealings ended yesterday. §COT®^ d^ Monday. Settlement day June 9 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 




Claims required ClaimsreqtiirftJ 

for . 

. +50 points +!99 points 


No. Company 



■ H ■ —I I IM 

Rea Choa Gross 

IB'i is*. BOJI a* Ot Can Pf- . . ■ ■ 

aw as Ben OI SOT 328 a.. JU M « 

Uh nsdirtn »!• .. g* 1 ** 

S3 33 Sm(h Si AiJbyn 90 ZB &B <4 

m 4IB Sana One TO -4 4M “9* 

Oil 013 (Jngn 7*3 +15 549 7.1749 

64'. 43'. WflBa Rarao BB4'. +*. . . - ■ ... 

320 230 VWnmja ZBS -S 7.1 2.7 109 


340 2f8 Ajaad-Lycm 338 • * 

840 030 Ban m -I 

50 38 B — am i s 

1M OS OOOflBWB"0 137 

BOO 375 Brown >iat»ip») 470. 

1/a 147 MIWfHFJ ISO *. 

560 <09 Bavmraod Bra* 955 -J 

IIS <10 Otrti (UaMww) 980 

530 640 O w i m u A) TO 

SSW 105 Quanta WMs* 173 

243 163 OMMKtO ZS -5 

355 273 GUnnaaa 3® -! 

458 409 -Hardys 3 Mnsm 488 

88 0B HtfHaM DM 

179 158 hrnmracn DM 1S7 

as m miw 235 

234 163 
*0*v 3W*» 
940 353 
313 223 
313 225 
251 108 
5T0 410 
313 199 

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Young -A' 

139 4 0 IS.l 
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49 34 179 

20 Ob 43 173 
70 44 129 
143 29 130 

107 zi ao 

159 29239 

7.B0 49 124 
72 32 189 
109 14 119 

24.1 49 129 
29 39 109 
09 4.1 10.7 

8 .0 as .. 
29 2.7 189 

9.1 37 137 

109 52 132 

41.1 1.0 .. 
MM 39 138 

11.1 4.0 122 

11.1 39 129 

106 4.7 28.0 
127 25 134 

10.4 39 200 


Aberoasn Com 232 

Mnac 259 

AfncWa 38 

Atwoods 159 

BPS fetfusMas 603 

i nil 1 1 i ■! 11 1 1 li 
E jj W rTr il^ mm * i 

Please be sure to take account of 
any minus signs 

Barron Dow 148 

^ ,C0 ° W 
Banana OoncraH 7B 

Ban Bm a 


84* Cm* 678 

BraMon&Ooud HU 265 
BnmuM Du*} 134 

sxrn*™ s 

SS“ X 

Bwnan 8 HaBon ssi'i 

CesaWAowMona 108 


gSS&i t£ 

8$SW £ 

FflQ 78 

Da 'A* SB 

Rrtan Gp 60 

Gssmsm W 

oiw» s Dandromiao 
Qmaon (MJ) 388 
HAT 103 

HMea Bar 207 

HaasMivSusn 09 
Haywood uMama 220 
rtgra & M 566 

tbstix* Jomsan ibo 
J antt LQ & SOM 360 

“3 % g 

Lawronca (Winn 2 
LUay tFJC] - 75 

IXM-# |Yj) 413 

Magnat 6 Saab 158 
Mwdan 271 

Mmshals (HaKBX) 173 
May & Hanaa 122 
McAlfna (AifradJ «8 
Mnar mi 262 

IBa (Sttrtsyl 26 
Marti (A) 115 

MawMcii (John) 380 
NaoWItlH 870 

Noangram Bade 210 
Ptmrion 218 
PnaOftai TknMr 93 
Foams 370 

HUC 054 

Radttnd 43* 

Robans Adum 260 
RubaraM 3W 

gr c * nert 

snarpa ft mar ■ 109- 
Soart pV. 

Tarmac 408 

Taytor Woodrow 651 
Inwy Group 152 
Tran 8 Arnold 403 
Trart 84 

Turrtt 153 

11.4 49 30 
137 31 14.0 
ai 02 89 

31 39 142 
119 23 sno 
102 30 122 
109 75 .. 

. . a . . 48 
1D.0 30 137 

54 n 89 179 

44 65 192. 

37.1 40 Hi 

300 44 37 

143 34 231 

5.1 39 194 

45 52 150 

. . .139 

44 84 7.7 

49 4.0 135 

37 279 22 
4.0 37 . . 
85 30119 

2(5 4.4 iai 

82 29 112 
85 64 89 

80 89 131 
25b 25 131 
4.7 30 175 

29 32 10.6 
25 49 79 
34 90 23.4 
89 89 149 
2£ 20 360 

79 22 12.7 

8.4 32 107 

.. .. 599 

24 35 12.1 

99 44 144 
194 34 124 

39 28 132 

2506 39122 
taa 22 128 
109 29 129 

32 99 74 
59 73 9.7 

10.0 24 14.6 

37 42 134 
116 49 134 
7.1b 31 129 



.. 17.9 

+1 7.7 

.. 1.4 . 


-2 229 

•+10 15.7 
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.. 134 


*5 135 ! 

• 10.8 ■ 
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42 31 

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329 *1^3 
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Grand Mm 




33 130 



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•jf f 4 ! ' Edited by Loma Bourke' 


i > 

Why sayings certificates 
are still worth having 

Would-be investors in Na- 
tional Savings Certificates can 
breathe again. Changes have 
been announced concerning 
various National Savings 
curities, but the 31st issue of 
National Savings Certificates, 
paying 7.85 per cent tax-free 
re mains on offer, although if 
interest rates continue down, 
it could be withdrawn at a 
moment’s notice. 

A. National Savings officer 
said: ’It win be looked at and 
reviewed from time to time 
but no decision has been mgrfo 
to withdraw 31st issue.” 

With hank base rates down 
again from 10.5 per cent to 10 
per cent and pundits predict- 
ing base rates at 9 per cent 
before the end of the year, 
investors dependent on inter- 
est from investments to sup- 
plement their income, should 
not miss the opportunity to 
lock them 

Early Issues 
should not 
be cashed in 

selves into 31st issue — as we 
have been saying for many 
weeks now. 

And anyone with early is- 
sues of National Savings Cer- 
tificates’ which have now 
matured, should definitely not 
cash them in." 

Extension terms (that is the 
rate of interest paid on ma- 
tured certificates) have come 
down from 8 SI per cent tax 
free to 8.01 per cent, with 
effect from 1st June. But this is 
still as good as most building 
society accounts. 

Cheltenham & Gloucester 
Building Society, for example, 
the market leader for building- 
society, extra-interest ac- 
counts is paying only 7.3 per 
cent (basic-rate tax paid) for 
investments of between £500 
and £4,999. To get the top rate 
of 8.05 you have to have 
£10,000 or more to invest. 

But investors with mature 
certificates should keep an eye 
on the competition. Unlike 
the oiginal savings certifi- 
cates. which pay a fixed 
return, extension terms vary 
at short notice, although Na- 
tional Savings tends to try to 

to £100,000 with effect from 
16th July. 

Many old people win have 
money in National Savings 
income and deposit bonds and 
the interest rates here are to 
come down from 12 per cent 
to 1 1.5 per cent on July 1 ). To 
the basic-rate taxpayer, this is 
equivalent to an after-tax 
return of 8.16 per cent just 
about comparable to a good 
building-society, extia-iater- 
est account but not nearly so 

You are effectively locked 
into income and deposit 
bonds for a minimum of 12 
months as you receive only 
half the quoted interest if yon 
cash in during the first year. 
You also have to give three 
months' notice of withdrawal. 

Notwithstanding, the maxi- 
mum investment limits on 
income and deposit bonds 
have been increased from 

Eight per cent 
tax-free on 
big investments 

keep them competitive. 

In order lo stop the massive 
encashment of the index- 
linked retirement and 2nd 
issue of National Savings 
Certificates, the bonus for 1987 
is to be fixed at 4 per cent, 
which win be paid in addition 
to the 3 percent bonus doe on 
August 1, 1986. 

Disappointment for junior 
investors and all those non- 
taxpayers with money in Na- 
tional Savings Bank 
Investment Account — the 

interest rate is bong cut from 
ILS per cent (paid without 
deduction of tax) to 10.75 per 
cent from June 10. • 

At the new rate the after-tax 
return to the basic-rate taxpay- 
er works out at 7.63 per cent, 
no better than the return from 
a building society extra inter- 
est account and just as likely 
to be cut if interest rates foil 
further. INVAC is really only 
suitable for non-taxpayers. 
Ironically, National Savings is 
increasing the maximum in- 
vestment limit from £30,000 

£50.000 lo £100.000 as from 
Friday May 30. 

One thing stands out from 
the rhang p* , tfrai higher-rate 
taxpayers would be weQ ad- 
vised to buy the maximum 
amount of savings certificates: 
not just the current issue but 
subsequent issues, too. 

Gone are the days when 
National Savings traded on 
investors’ apathy and were 
able to get away with paying 
uncompetitive rates. Higher- 
rate taxpayers can build up a 
good holding in National Sav- 
ings certificates and could now 
be earning an average of 8 per 
cent tax-free on investments 
running into many thousands. 

An investor paying tax at 
the top rate of 60 per cent 
would have to see a before tax 
return of 20 per cent to be left 
with a net return of 8 per oent 

The only way to achieve this 
would be to invest in equities 
with all the attendant risks 
involved. Savings Certificates 
offer a guaranteed tax-free 
return and complete security 
for your money. 

Loma Bourke 


+247% Over. 

The Last5 Years. 
No Large General 
Has Performed 

The Scottish Mortgage and Trust 
has an international spread of 
holdings aimed at maximum growth 
in both capital value and dividends- 
Shareholders funds are £470-9m. 

Association of Investment Trust 
figures show that over the 5 years to 
31 March 1986 no other large general 

investment crust has produced better 

Ca pital growth of assets plus re- 
invested dividends 
Five years to 31 March 1986. ■ 

Scottish Mortgage 

Average Investment 

+ 247% 
+ 178% 

One year to 31 March 1986 

Asset Value 

per share 

+ 33<toto650.2p 

per share 

+ 1 3% to 8.5p 

Geographical distribution of 

United Kingdo 

m 40-lQo 

United States 







Bafllie Gifford & Co 

Copies of the Annual Report and 
Accounts, including a full list of the 
company's investments can be obtain- 
ed by completing this coupon and 
sending it to the Managers. Alter all. 
if your investments aren't performing 
as well, it makes sense to ger rhe book. 

To: Stewart Clark, Baillie Gifford & 
Co, 3 Glenfmlas Street, Edinburgh 
EH3 6YY 

Please send me a copy of the Scottish 
Mortgage and -Trust PLC Annual 


Address 1 — 


paillie Gifford & Co 3 Glenfmlas Street, Edinburgh EH3 6YY. Telephone: 031-225 2581 . 

. ■ 1 , • 

•: ' ‘t 



Japan - 

one of the world's 


ftt tiie term we use to describe the major economies 
, of the world from which stem the most exciting 
innovations in industry and which have the biggest 
domestic markets as well as the biggest export markets 
of the world. Japan is one. The others are the U5. and 

Europe. For Japan in particular, the time is right. Every 
investor should participate in the wealth generated by 
this amazing country. Every investor can -even without 
specialised knowledge- through Cannon!; new Japan 
unit trust 

The Cannon Japan Trust 

The Canncr- Japan l»uS* f-:- 
maximum gre.vh {hre-ugh a cr-.Wiaed 
portfolio oi .nveyrren’ r> lasor^v. ccnpanec 
Cuf choice o> £'o> i w oe guoeo bv out 
iTOKi'rrcen'. dUvners-TC Fore-gn aric Colonial 
Manage* nenj Gro. ip T-n? F£ C Of : tip ha.6 been 
brtgifi Japan 3 nee 5332. niJawwseeqySi&S 
ynce lu61 anj ha.* «c levs Than C3CCi million 
con-.rr.ined to the Japsrese matl eL 
NOW is the time to invest 
Three * mar e rre Cw ;-n Japan Lhif trust 

jn esoec<«4v arr'jcirf inve&r-iM opportunity at 

tltii nme 

* Lower oil prices- Jacan- ce-i Juiiiy ha&dme 
■.veil ti times of r.igf: oJ uno-;. Mew that there 
hdi bier, a tail w in* ori'* c- c.i. Jaoanfe 

Then dependence C'i 
import*] oil nv.i* 

* Government stimulation of domestic 
economy- the Japanese Go .emment * 
encouraging LOfiSt'u«icn pioiecti and urban 
tecte.-efopmeni TTvs wiC benefit companies 
engaged m these ‘rekfc 

* The strength of theyen-oneetfeoofa 
better yen-dcJar oala><e hoi been tower 
■meresl rates -bereining mduai'y generally 

Apptaittrn*<>be<«l'vrAke(lcied Unit c*»tit*iJ:eiwill 
be sent vurtfvr Jj <U\r% to wffunK umriy undone vour 
vtrtitole and vend Riaih*hi#M9en Prfvnien'i iwll 

rioim^bem*a*.w.ihm7iiw»rtLBvgoa*> ijmiTnnUdrenot 
M£fcO ro capiW gum M* and »\mn bc*fc* w# not paw 
ta« on a drtpovil o' ha uittviirieb hi* to>al gams robed 
mono year y.rwJ ihetd* t"* limit wh.<h f. ;uner.tlv 
IS 300 An imlul charge otY- nnluded m me oH« price 
ol rhe unrti Tnere rear 1 annual charge which n c* rently T » 
o« rhewatoeorrhe tuna 

It ihciuWl be retnemberi-d chei the pnre ol units can 90 
douundH we* a*, up Urn [»«es4rf pubfcchwa m rh^I.runctJ 
Timas and Daiiv Telegraph The euiftuieo yield 01 launch 
on jl Mav I486 was ' ?'■ 1 

frusroe Midland BenL Trust Company Lmunnl II Old 
Jewry. London EC2R 8EH. Manaoen. Cinncrn fund 
Managers l mured. 1 Clump* Way Wcmblev NKMtov*** 

HA9i*S Vi 01 XUBa/btegn’etedHo 'Shh&fltngland 

Special Launch Bonus 
Available to 30th June 

As o speoaJ launch offer. rmmunenL; ol LZ.ijC* 0 
Ot mrne /.•ill Quaklyr lor 3 DVuft & OUtR*) Ot units 
Fcr maesimcrits butv.-een £2.000 anc W99S tfe=e 
v*.iU be a l't bonus allocation This is moeased to 
2'-', on investments 01 £5.000 o< mere. 

Gannon Bind Managers 

Cannon Fund Manaaess are pan of the Cannon 
Lmcoln Group-a UF hcitaing companw 'cmied 
abet the dCquRttnn oi the G'Cup by the Lincoln 
National Corpc-tanon Lincoln is «i U5 bataKl 
dr veir.ifjed fmanatf services company v.iih assets 
around £10.000 miiiic<n Cannon Fund Managers 
already have a number oi unit tmt-s avattebki 
nclably the income Trjsi wvhtch v*as a lop 
|tertc.inie» m ils sector in the rhree item its 
launch in July 1?S2 In launching rhe town Unit 
Trust, out atm to provide ^tvestort, /nth a high 
degree ol capital gr>3wvth ir. the longet retm 
through our b'c-ad e<petienr.e. e»celtent networf. 
ut cc-mniunhrarrons and :peedy react«>ii io 

ma> Lei condiit'.in:. 

Special features of Cannon unit trusts 

Lump Sum Investments. Single investments 
start (tom only £500 A top-up investment can 
be made for as little as £100 

Monthly Savings Plan. A m s-nthly savings 
plan n available inweument sharia if £20 a month 
Tic l the bo* m tire coupon il you would 14 c ir.ore 

Share Exchange. s r ite otfer a setwie lev people 
who no tonaei wish to manage their 
potTfoliO of investments and who wish to 
exchange the" sha»eh*olcJir>gs for units m Cannon 
unit trusts Full mtoimation is available from the 
address on ihe coupon 

Switching between trusts. Unit ho'dfc': may 
switch Iron-, one Cannon unit tins: to another 
and benefif from a 3 r i bonus allocation 

How to invest: 

By post: You can apply lot unm m the Japan 
Unit frust by completing and tending c>;f the 
Application Form on this advertisement t'>3etner 
with your cheque made payable to Cannon Fur.d 

By phone: lust call c«ji Dealen-on 01 900 207 J 

during office h&WS 

Through your financial adviser: You may 
lrne-.i ihrouonyoui bant c* Olher financial ad user 
li .-.-il: male ihe nansaaon easier u -you isle iho 
advemsement -with you 



To: Cannon Fund Managers Limited 1 0lympic Way Wembley Middlesex HA9 0NB. 
| Telephone: 01-900 2074. 

. I/We wish to invest £4 m the Cannon 

Japan Unit Trust (Minimum mit at investment £SOO) 
and enclose tnyrour chequefsj m favour of Cannon 
Fund Managers Limited lor this sum. 


Surname (Mr/Mrs/Mbs/Ms) 

1 would Mce to know about your monthly 
Sowings plan 

I would like to know about your Share 
Exchange scheme 

1 wish periodic income distributions to be 
^ invested m additional units 

K16SI IN* LO* 




Signal ure(sj — — — — — — — — — — 

(In 1 he case of |omi apphcations, both should vqr. and attach names and addresses on a separate p*ce of pacer I 



form guide 

...Two groups deserve a big hand. Perpetual. . .achieved a 
100% record in boih periods (one year and three years): 
AH their trusts performed above average 


Who is the best of the biggest unit Managers? 

. . . awards for consistency to Perpetual ... for achieving a 
place in ihe top five for all the years shown. (One year; two 
years, three years, four years, five years and len years). 

0ailn (Telegraph iMJuiy-ss 

Perpetual's the top performer 

...Perpetual lakes The Observer* 1985 UnitTrust 
Managers of the Year award. A richly deserved award lis 
investment team - chairman Martyn Arbib, Bob Yerbury, 
Scott McGlashan and Martin Rasch - have been 
producing performance plums _______ 

well formany years... W » £131 1 1 3 1 3 . 11 15 Dec 'S5 

In the eleven years since launching the Groups 
first unittrust in the United Kingdom, Perpetual 
has earned an enviable reputation for 
consistent investment success. 

Unit Trust Managers of die year 

. . .Over ihe year, every single Perpetual Fund has moved 
into the black . . .Over the last 12 months the Perpetual 
Funds have produced an average weighted performance 
of 27.7 percent 


The International Growth Fund is the top authorised 
\ unit trust for capital growth over the eleven year 

period since launch lo the 1st May 1986. 

International Growth Fund 

NB: AU la May I^SOJOd Include iW rt-mtejed income Fieures quoi«i Jie uftan I J 
orteitourTertsasfi.YoushOolitTemcnibenlHllhe pfiMDfunliscai\EQrJawnab*idlasuri mb' 

Perpetual ! 

^ *Membef c4 tite Unit Tina AssocabonJ 



I" * 

b ir+: 








With interest rates falling, it 
becomes more and more of a 
problem to invest your capital to 
attract-and maintain-high levels 
of income plus good long term 

Tyndall meet this chal- 
lenge with a Preference 
Fund that currently gives a 
gross yield of over 10%p.a. j 
And backs high returns 
with the likelih ood 
of appreciable 
capital growth. 

Of course, 
the Fund 
should be 
looked on as a 
long term invest- 
ment (the price oi 
units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up), but over the three 
years 1984-1986, total returns worked out 
at 38.6%*. 

The Fund is invested in a broadly- 
based list of preference shares, chosen 
partly because of their high yield and 
partly because of the extra security they 
provide through their prior call on a 
company’s resources. 

You can invest in this highly regarded 
Fund with lump sums from £1,000 or 

"Offer io offer, net income reinvested 10 30.4.86. 

T y n d a 1 1* 

through a savings plan from £25 
a month. Estimated gross starting 
yidd was 10.15% ar 16th May 1986. 

If you invest before 30th June 
1986, you benefit from 
an extra 1% given 
in extra units! This 
increases your 
income still further. 
Please post the 
coupon for full 

■ ' of die 

_ d,to 

Tyn3£fl SSia^is limited, 18CanyngeRd, 
Bristol BS99 7UA, or telephone Bristol 
(0272) 732241. 

Please send me full details and 
an application form for the Tyndall 
Preference Fund 

Name - 

Address ' 




To: Tyndall Managers limited, 
18 Canynge Road, Bristol BS99 7UA. 

Regd. No. 716IS0ED^anA Regd. office as above. 

Not applicable in Ere. Member of the UnaThisr Association- 

Tbp Performing 
Japanlhist Over Fiw Years 

Gartmore Japan Trust 

Consistent P e rf o rmance It doesn't take an 
investment expert to tell you that Japan's post-war 
economic achievement has been phenomenaL 

0 ver the last ten years their economy has 
grown by- more than twice the rate or the other 
major industrial countries. 

The "Financial Times" last week listed 
Gartmore Japan Trust as the best performing 
Japanese trust over five years, rising a massive 
257% * In other words every £ 1 ,000 invested on 
1st May 1981 had grown to £3,570 by 1st May 1986. 
Gartmore is the only management group to appear 
in both the five and one year performance leader 
tables with a rise of 74% * in the past year. 

Far Eastern Experience Gartmore is well known 
for its experience in Far East markets where over 
15 years ago we were one of the first institutions to 
open a Hong Kong office. We now employ a team of 
specialist investment managers who concentrate 
on the Pacific Basin and three of these specifically 
follow Japan, making extensive use of our Tokyo 

Investment Opportunity The halving of oil prices 
coupled with a strong Yen and cuts in the official 
discount rate of lY/'f) to 3h% since January augur 
well for the Japanese domestic economy. 
Consequently thelbkyo Stock Market is poised for 
a strong rally this year and domestic stocks are now 
the order of the day. 


( .( INSIST I AT l\\ i-STMi-NT i-TRi ( IRMANCI; 

The long-term prospects for the Japanese 
economy continue to be amongst the best in the 
world but in the words of the "Financial Times" "the 
message for investors is pick your fund with care? 

"Offer io bid net income reimesmL Source : Mane v Management 

General information Applications will be acknowledged, and 
certificates will be forwarded within four weeks. 

You can sell your units back io the managers at not less than the 
minimum bid price on any dealing day. You will receive a 
cheque within seven working days ofthe managers receiving 
your renounced certificate. 

Prices and yields are quoted in leading national newspapers. 
Income is distributed on 22nd August each year 

Investment objectives. The aim oT the 1 TYusi is to provide long-term 
capital growth from an actively managed portfolio of in\ estmems 
in Japan.The investment pdicyof the Trust is such that the yield 
is likely to be minimal. 

TheTrust has an initial management charge oro^i equivalent 
to SJhj on the issue or units at the offer price. The annual charge 
is set at per annum {plus YATJ or ihe value of the Trust which 
is deducted from ihe gross income. TheTrust is unlikely to pay 
a distribution for the year ended 30.' 6/86. The offer price of 
units on 28/5.' 86 was 132. 8p. 

Remuneration is paid to qualified intermediaries: rates are 
available on request. 

The Trustee is Midland Bank Trust Company Limited. 

The mana^rs or iheTrusi are Gartmore Fund Managers Limited, 
2 Si. Maty Axe, London EC3A 8BR Tel 014323 1212. (Member of 
the Unit Trust Association). This offer is noi available to 
residents of the Republic or Ireland. 

Investors should remember however, lhai Ihe price of units, and 
the income from them, may go down as well as up. * 



kindly step 
this way 

■ You have to be nonrasiderrU] itMs 
country to take advantage of we wgner. 
gross rats of interest obtainable on 
fiie new Nationwide international 


ud to £250 in cash or £5,000 by . 1 

cheque, on demand. You can also pay m 
money in any ojrrency and thfl 
sterling equivalent will be credited to 

your account 

an account 




W7tr££&E£Z&tT. .. 

). But 

is the short answar. We ffF^ BefBCT 

has ntroducechi awfit ladfity 

win enable thosewho wait to take some 

of the value owofflwir hows 

without having to go to the troubteof a 


fat 12 per cent if s rooahfv half what _ 
you pay cm Access or! 


have to nave an income erf! 

above, or a net worth of £50,000 or 
more. The loan facafty. of at least 
E20JD00, is secured against the 
borrower’s property- Interest *s only 
ad when a slice erf the loan 

r is used, and borrowers can . 

i when and if they wffl mate 


to All in 

resident m this _ 
from Nationwide 

simply have 
that vou are not 


WsGanaaratadMMUfmLUsud. bkKicapujbptGnr 
Z Sc MujAtt. t0Mfaa£C3AaR 

^ | II Sutium 

B -6235768' HOG. 

T 31/S 

Frrtl hill) 

I ttcrrtlmcdClnwrlw'nwinnBraLVJB Xrtdrrr. 


limited. m«r imrsim m ibe 
GUTH0U JATAN TBUSTai llw nilinj! 
.pner mi ran pi nl ihikupaliwiiua 

TuX rlwtlnin Utr 


iplnnununmnw mnpM'i'.jnivb umi inrJ r^r 

<livm4ephi*im n&rtf an %wumf 
au liiusa-. anlandmnniMjMnMi/ 

Pinpoint your rail 
ticket with success 

■ Buying rail tickets shoukn» easier, 
with tfe mstaiiation of nine more Pinpoint 
automatic ticket-dtepensin^acmnes 
which accept Bardaycwd as payment 

The new machines win be sited at _ . 

British RaH main Bne stations - . 
Waterloo, Victoria, jOngs Ci ^aff 
Paddington, as weB as CanSff Cential. 
Binminqham New StiwtjMaiwhe^ 
PiccaJiy. Leeds and Bfinburgh. The 
machines ©nabte holders of. 

Barcteycard, Barclays Premier Card and 
Company Barcteycard to buy tickets 
to dozens of biter-city and local 

CH4 chic 

■ Money never goes out of fashion. 
Simply having it nas tratfitkmaily been 
the trencfiest tiling to do, with earned 
wealth a poor second. But talking money 
is swiftly acquiring* due of its own. 
Proof comes this Tuesday at 8^0 pm 
when Moneyspinner, a new personal 
finance programme, is broadcast by ; 
Channel 4. 

The programme is not aimed at 
millionaires, but provides advice for 
viewers and members of the public 
who go to the “money clinics . A range 
of financial topics is covered, from 

understandteg tax codes to dealing with 

the Bardaycara bill (one unhappy 

debtor decides to rip Ns card up, rather 
than trust to his budgeting skills). 

Advice is given by an earnest team of 
experts at a raUmgpace. if you 

watch, keep a pen and paper with you 

among all world stock markets. Fuff 
details from GT Unit Managers^Jtth 
Floor, 8 Devonshire Square, Lobdon 

PEP to the schemes 

A lump sum investment scheme to 
uc8 annual payments Into a 
Equity Plan (PEP) when ft 

mortgage. But the bank e^wasit won't 
come to that, it anticipates that the 
account will be used "primarily fix 
fun*iqtev«ftnent5for capital 

It'ts designed to produce the maximum 
£2,400 a year that you wffl be allowed ' 
£ 10^00 is used to buy five low- 
coupon gflts which matue In successive 
yeas to produce £2,400 every war, - - 
which is then switched into the PEP. The 
total cost of £10,500 to produce ■ 
£12,000 worth of annual PEP 
contributions works out at a discount 
of around 14 per cent to the basic rate, 
taxpayer- a littie less for the higher 
rats taxpayer. 

Once the money is In the PEP, 
Sheppards & Chase wffl invest it in blue 
chip eqiaties such as Id, Marks & 
Spencer or Glaxo. "We are confident of 
finding investments that wffl 
comfort "' ~ 

comfortably outperform the returns on a 
bank or buBdfog society account" 
says John Cobb of Sheppards & Chase. 

FUti details from Sheppards & Chase, 
dements House, Gresham Street, 
London EC2V 7AD. TefcOI -606 8099. 

Home grown credit 

■ When is a mortgage not a 

ie? When it's a Flexible Loarv 
: seethed against your home. 

or at least take the address fori 
information booklets which 
accompany the programme. 

Going international 

■ Most Income unit trusts are UK- 
invested but there is a growing demand 
from investors for diversification into 
overseas-invested funds which also 
provide income. RespomSng to this 
requirement, GT Unit Managers has just 
launched a new International Income 
Fund. The initial yield wffl be 5 percent 
and It wffl spread its investments 

And rew the drawbacks. First, the 
lenrgngcffigr teareaxftura ^ . 
total amount of loan facility and 
mortgage must not exceed 70 per cent of 
the value of the property on which the 
loan is seared. Second, at the moment 
only. Kleinwort Benson mortgagors 
can apply, but 0ie company says it has 
plans to extend the offer to the pubGc 

Every service 
under the sun 

■ Thera are a number of aMHtog, 
afl-danefog and rather mod erata y 
performing plans on the savings and 
insurance market They offer just about 
evwy financial service under the sun 
without necessarily cfc" 
themselves in any one t 

Birt they are convergent if you canl be 
bothered to shop around. 

Subscrfoers to Irish Life’s Global 
Account can already put their money 
into mvestmentoriented or protective Hfe 
assurance contracts, phis a range of 
other insurance services The latest bott 
on extras are a trust savings plan for 
children and mecfical insurance. The 
medical insurance is written by * 
Private Patients Plan, and provides 
private health care if no tr e atment is 
available under the NHS within six 
weeks. Anyone hospitalized for more 
than 14 consecutive days quafifies for 
income protection up to a maximum 
of180 days and £5^)00 a year. 

Detafis; Insh Ufa, 20 ChisweO Street, 
London EC1T4TY. 

Top of the pack 

BNational W estminste r Bank is 
entering the status symbol business. The 
bank has recently signed a deal with 
MagtorCaTO International enabfing it to 
produce a Gold MasterCard later this 
sianmer. The card wffl carry the Access, 
Eurocard and MasterCard symbols, 
and as a change card may be used in 
million of its existing customers to ap- 
ply for the new card, applying criteria "ih 
Bne with existing Goto Cards . Fun 
detafls of financial benefits wffl be an- 
nounced shortly. 






from T i 156 - 1 5 ZS 

Interest rates worldwide are falling fast and building society rates are 
■ forecast to fall further. But Gilts (or Government Securities) 
keep the same return once you’ve bought them. 

What's more, when interest rates fall, the CAPITAL VALUE 

Gilts still offer a return of about 9% a year- 6% higher than the 
Government’s inflation forecast for this year! 

^Etna’s new GILT-EDGED BOND offers one of the MOST 


❖ H uge cost savings over Direct Investment 
^ Up to 10% a year income facility 
* NO CAPITAL GAINS TAX on profits from Gilts. 

* Management by Phillips & Drew- voted top for gilt 
research by.lnstitutional investor* poll. 

❖ Fund up 1 9% in 3 months to 28/5/86. 

./Etna is the UK arm of the world’s largest publicly quoted insurance group, with assets. 

equivalent to £38.000,000,000. 

/Etna Life Insurance Company Ltd, 401 St John Street London EC1V4QE. Reg. No. 1766220 


"Source: Planned Savings Statistics 1/3/86- 1/5/86 

Please complete and send the coupon in an envelope addressed to: ' 

/Etna-Life Insurance Company Ltd. FREEPOST. London EC1B1 NA. 

100 and ask ^ratorfor Freefone^i-The Centre isopen 
Please send me my FREE Guide to Gilts' and detailsof the/EmaCJU-EDCED BONDto; 






Name oF usuafProfessional adviser. 


. R S If you are seifreqipioyetLpr co.. 
please ucfc the oax so we can also send you details of 
/Etna's new Gilt-Edged Pension Bond □ 


>.■* .nr 





Knowhow for young and old 

Raising public awareness is 
one of those turnoff phrases 
left over from the 1960s. 
Nevertheless, that is exactly 
what the newly formed Money 
Ma nageme nt Council intends 
to do about how we aQ handle 
our money — and they plan to 
catch oar children as welL 

.The council's director, 
Jeremy Leighton, says re- 
search has shown that primary 
school children are sadly lack- 
ing in financial knowhow. 

“The secondary schools 
have some good teaching ma- 
terials aimed at developing 
money management skilly 
Rut there is little going on in 
primary schools to teach 
younger children the base 
money sense they will need if 
they are going to have money 
to manage later.” 

And if this sounds prepos- 
terous to those of us whose 
youngsters are forever de- 
manding more pocket money, 
then Mr Leighton points out 
that times have changed. 

Despite the inflationary 
seventies when it was actually 
a good idea to buy as much on 
credit as possible, many of us 
stiD have the old attitude “if 
you can't afford it, then wait 
until you can.** 

This approach was perfectly 
acceptable in an age when 
people kept their money in the 
post office or under the mat- 
tress. But it sits strangely in a 
society where 60 per cent of us 
are home owners — and most 
of those homes are mortgaged 
— and where many of us are 
likely to be shareholders in 
major institutions like British 

The Money Management 
Council, based in posh offices 
in London’s Belgrave Square, 
is mainly financed by founda- 
tions and the major financial 
institutions although its ad- 
vice is independent. This in- 
dependence is extremely 
important when you consider 
that most advice given to the 

public — except by financial 
journalists — comes from 
those with an axe to grind. 

The conned is a charity 
whose aims are officially de- 
scribed as the promotion of 
education and understanding 
in the field of personal money 

manflgMnwi t - - 

It will be in a postioo to 
attract money for special 
projects and Jeremy Leighton 
says that several large compa- 
nies have already made ft dear 
that' they want to help. So 
although the primary school 
consciousness-raising exercise 
is not yet under way, there 
should be no difficulty in 
financing it. 

As far as adults are con- 
cerned, Mr Leighton has long 

maybe contributed a penny a 
week towards their funerals 
and six pence a week to the 
roan from the Pro for a very 
small life insurance policy. 
The education system pro- 
duced a society which was 
reasonably literate but did not 
look upon itself as numerate. 

“In the last two generations 
home ownership has in- 
creased from lOpercentofthe 
population to 60 per cent. 
Ordinary people now have to 
make choices and decisions 
involving thousands of 
pounds about pension funds, 
mortgages, whether the asset 
represented by their home 
should be translated into an 
annuity, what to do with large 
redundancy payments. 

Leighton explained: 
rst of these exhibitions 

feMost advisers are 
on commission... 
public to ask the 
right questions? 

— Jeremy Leighton 

personal experience of dealing 
with public bewilderment 
over financial matters. For 10 
years, up to 1983, he was 
national directo r of the 
Citizens' Advice Bureaux 
where a large and growing part 
of the workload involves 
money problems. 

“We are not just talking 
about the feckless and non- 
coping” he said. “There are a 
lot of very ordinary people 
who are faced with worrying 
decisions about money — 
many of them centring on 
credit. It is not surprising 
when you consider that until 
very recently most people 
never had to handle signifi- 
cant sums of money.” 

“They had a weekly wage, 
lived in rented housing and 

“At the same time financial 
services and products have 
been multiplying at a bewil- 
dering rate, and there is 
almost a plethora of informa- 
tion being buried at people. 

“But just about everyone 
providing this information is 
likely to be on commission of 
some kind. We want to enable 
the public to ask the right 
questions of their advisers.” 
The Money Management 
Council wifi not be providing 
an individual advice service. 
It will produce information 
leaflets, but Jeremy Leighton 
is concerned to see it does 
more than “add to the moun- 
tain of paper”. 

He aims to see that the 
financial awareness message is 
spread as widely as possible. 

and the council's first major 
project is a collaboration with 
the Channel 4 television pro- 
gramme, Money Spinner. 

This will travel round the 
country, in the same manner 
as the Antiques Roadshow, 
with a panel of experts to deal 
with inquiries from members 
of the public There wffl be 
written back-up material both 
for foe participants and for 
viewers who write in for 
additional information. 

The council has also been 
asked to set up a stand at the 
Money '86 exhibition, held at 
Olyznpia in November. 


“The first 

was held last year, and foe 
people selling specialised 
products like unit trusts were 
nonplussed by the number of 
very general inquiries they 
received about things like 
endowment versus repayment 

“It was obvious to the 
exhibition organisers foal 
there was a need for someone 
to meet this demand for very 
general information about 
finan ce.” The council will also 
be organising seminars for the 
people running specialised 
stands about bow best to put 
over information to the 

Mr Leighton stressed that 
although some parallels could 
be made between foe role of 
his co uncxl and the National 
Consumer Council, these were 

“We are not setting our- 
selves up as angels in a forest 
of demons. We want to be 
positive about money man- 
agement But we hope we will 
grow into an influential body, 
and take a cam pai g nin g atti- 
tude on issues over which we 
felt very strongly. But it is 
early days at foe moment” 

Ann Kent 

The marital dilemma 




The Chancellors Budget pro- 
posals for the reform of tax- 
ation of husband and wife 
seem to have found favour 
virtually nowhere. The latest 
critical review comes from the 
authoritative Institute for Fis- 
cal Studies, which says the 
proposals are totally unrealis- 
tic since the cost of imple- 
menting them as they stand 
would .arouiKl £4,500 : 

What foe Chancellor pro- 
posed in his Green Paper was 
that everyone should have a 
single person’s allowance, but 
in the case of a married couple 
any unused portion of the 
personal allowance could be 
transferred to the spouse. This 
would mean that couples 
where the wife does not work 
would be able to make use of 
two single personal allowances 
- a higher figure than the 
married man's allowance. 

The IFS however favours 
foe recommendation con- 
tained in the 1981 Green Taper 
on foe taxation of husband 
and wife. This was that the 
married man's allowance 
would be abolished, couples 
would have independent. Don- 
transferable allowances, and 
the money saved would be 

used to boost child benefit and 

benefits for the disabled and 
those who look after them. 

The virtue of this solution is 
that it can be done on a no- 
cost basis and the extra bene- 
fits go to those families with 
children and elderly depen- 
dants - the families most in 
need. On a no-cost basis, foe 
IFS estimates that the aboli- 
tion of foe married man's 

allowance and switch to inde- 
pendent non-transferable al- 
lowances. would give 
sufficient leeway to increase 
child benefit from £7. 1 0 to £ 1 3 
a week, provide increases in 
benefits for the disabled, and a 
reduction in the basic rate of 
tax from 29 per cent to 25 per 

Alternatively, the IFS sug- 
gests that independent non- 
transferable allowances, ~ but 
no increase in child benefit,, 
would allow foe Chancellor to 
cut the basic rate of tax from 
29 per cent to 22 per cent and 
give everyone a 10 per cent 
higher single person's tax 

’ This would probably be 
politically unacceptable since 



to help coup! 

families with children, and 
married couples where only 
one partner works, would be 
worse off through foe loss of 
the married man's allowance. 
The Chancellor could howev- 
er compensate families on a 
no-cost basis by increasing 
child benefit but making it 
taxable. There is, in any case, 
little point in handing out a 
tax-free benefit to families rich 
enough to be paying tax at 
higher rates. 

The third proposal from the 
IFS is purely administrative. 
It suggests that the married 
man's allowance be renamed 
foe married couple’s allow- 
ance, the wife’s earned income 
allowance should be called the 
secondary earner’s allowance, 
and any individual should be 
able to opt for separate 

The general consensus is 
that the Chancellor’s propos- 
als will never see the light of 
day - be said that reform 
would not be possible until foe 

But the biggest source of 
irritation could be removed 
without a major upheaval. 
The largest gripe from married 
couples is that a wife cannot 
offset the wife’s earned in- 
come allowance against any 
investment income she might 
have, because foe allowance 
is, as its name implies, 
offsettable only against 
“earned" income. • 

. A single woman does not 
have this problem as the single 
person's allowance can be 
offset against investment in- 
come: Many elderly widows 
would dearly like to remarry 
but often cannot afford to 
once they are living off invest- 
ment income and would be 
worse off married. 

It would be a simple matter 
' to change the wife's earned 
income allowance and give the 
. married woman a single 
person's allowance which 
could be used against invest- 
ment income. 

• To make matters worse, the 
wife's investment income is 
always treated as being foe 
income of her spouse and tax 
is paid on ft at her husband's 
highest rate. 

However, the Treasury 
might be reluctant to make 
these changes since foe cost is 
difficult to estimate. It is not 
known how many husbands 
have investments which they 
would be willing and able to 
transfer to their wives to take 
advantage of the extra tax 


First Charlotte 
Assets Trust 






■Havine reached a point of maturity where its fature is soured, the 
USMk prospects arc bright Against tins background your Board looks 

farWtoFn*Chark^ ftterBaHbur 






Merchant adventurers first discovered the wealth of the East 
Exceptional rewards still await the enterprising. 

art 'vfV * 

m rtnnmu\ t^ 




awtaten who rararecate Ural an 
A \unmuallN*e‘rekreis« 
accompany O* prarseara oBeaaonA 
reword. find tras raw Schrader Fund 

Schrader Far Eastern GiDutti Fund a 

mautnonaea ima mat concerned to 

mH. M»y aaa scow* me conaderaM 
pcterai ottered by tno aockmartsrts ol 

Asa and AusuIbm Bichslng. m the 
future, tnose oar aarenoy open to outsda 

An enterprising portfolio 

TTia funoamis wool and out cap** 
groan rnraugn acure wweswras among 
the stockmarkteot Hong Konp. Japan. 
Norea.SaioQoe.saaiaysa Aus*n*a.N«» 
Zeetand. tna PhJppmes. Imkhi and 

The pombso urf M tOMfmamgea 
m aouaas. craweraoia an) wanaots of 
euoredcomovMs Murttparaosarregaraio 
eatreram. recovery and grawtft socks. 

smsSercompanes and new issues 
l a— ^B smynctodB tnaBinw e at 

The Managers may as CKumsences 

suggest yipse any or bp ol the awsstmert 

and erarency nstruments or tedmtues 
penrtdM newor e< the luture oy me UK. 
Department of 1kade& Industry Examples 
ncfcjde oarancy nedgrtg . »re*jn currency 
loare-and WtmdQPhons I nUPM wy 
also nAe place tMtnai me prseermeo vmas 
m unteted secuMms. unouOtSP secuntms 
anc secondary or OIC marfcata 

Close to the puke 

7he MMSstmotf adnsera « Jfl* new 
FiBtdaa be Sehrodars An Lamed and 
the Fund ad therefore benefit horn the 
urec expertise wnch has tBaced a range 
ol Sctvodar Far Eaaem Funds at or near 

me lppol thee league tables Schraders 
Asm .« a ksdmg Hong Kong amestmeni 
mansgec cstabionad there lor over 
th yearn 

From Hong Kong. Schraders Aaa can 

measure senstwwy me bus ness piBse d 
al regional markets: and they can USB 
tne nuyortfy of them urttwi lust tour 
houn flying. 

Recent resuftsbran the management 
ofHong hong aulhonseounfl trusts i nor 
entente to UK residents) lastfy tones 



Hoag Kong Fund 


+ 38W 


+ 58XW 

tntui— irnrarmm 


+ saw 

-t SOffV 

tho Fund mso has access to the 

eKoeftEseMSctvoaeiV Tokyo oHee which 

has oeen largely responsbie tor me 
areehert oertomance of Schroder 
Jmenese SmaBer Companies Fund - too si 
ss sector overt year end 2nd Biss sector 
outer 2 years lotsi Anri 198E 

Invest cautiously 

SrJiraoera betew mat me ovnemra 
oreMe.acme management ra*w and 
erceptuoai local oooonunnes to wmc" 
Schroden Aaa Lrattefl a«re>a ma»a.«dd 
up to unusually excomg growth prospects 

tor me Fund 

Commensurate wen these tatera 
muslPe an wo w o ve ra ge tew! wish and 
we membra recommend thal any 

swe&tmera represents ratty a wmed 
proportion W your porttako Bis> note fiBid 

lor me sad investor 

IMS are entente » the trad price ol 
50p each urdJ dose o* outness on JiBie 
Em 1666 . afler which mey win oe add at me 
pnee n*ng upon receipt at your appkafloa 
The Bkiial grass amuai vwm a eahmated 

Mstmum swesiment is EbOQ. 
Remember mat me cw» efunesand 

any income tram them mey go down a& weB 

as up 

FIXED PRICE OFFER: Schroder Far Eastern Growth Fund. 

CUT £**■£*«* a 


r. marm % 6 «ndPW 

_ ... U w ^glflulhvlwUlMI 

DM MHKM d SOt m »*■ *** *** 

•|TiiimiiiinT f MSBVMwraiftteM 

PO"B» terftJfett’TC 


^Schroder Financial Management 


In the land of the 
rising sun, 

fidelity rises faster. 

Japan is on the up and up again. 

The Tokyo Stock Exchange’s up. 
Economic growth’s up. The Yen’s up. 

Regular Japan watchers are starting to 
invest again. Surely one of the most attractive 
opportunities is one of the sector’s most 
successful funds. 

Fidelity’s Japan Trust 

Gcnsist£nt,strOTg performance. 

The best performing Japan unit trust over 
4 years. 

The third best performing of all unit trusts 
over 3 years. 

No wonder our Japan Trust has a strong 

Of course, the price of units and income 
from them may go down as well as up. 

But regular Japan investors know that 
Fidelity’s record demonstrates consistently 
strong, long term performance. 

A Japan Fund. 

Who best to judge the market than the 
Japanese themselves. 

Who best to run your Japan investments 
than a Japanese fund management team. 
Fidelity’s Tokyo office is 100% Japanese. 

-r 33% growth 
since January 2nd 1986. 

Such consistency is more than good 
fortune. It’s sound management that’s pushed 
the Funds price up 352%*since its launch in 1 981. 

The Fidelity approach demands a far more 
thorough understanding of the market 

Astute tactical anticipation of those stocks 
and sectors likely to out-perform the market 
average is a vital part of Fidelity’s investment 

. Catch the early rising sun. 

The Japanese Stock Market looks set for 
further growth. 

The key factors drat are fuelling the 
Japanese industrial engine underline the 
renewed business confidence. Sharply felling 
oil prices. Further reduced manufacturing 
costs. An even lower inflation rate. 

Now’s the time to benefit. 

Best Japan fund 
over 3 years.? 

Valuable local knowledge, important local 
government, industrial and commercial 
contacts put Fidelity closer to the market mood 
than any western observer or long distance 
phone call. 

Such information makes us better able to 
judge what to buy and when to sell, to your 

Before it becomes more general 

The^ worlds biggest independent 
fund management group 

The Fidelity Group manages over £35bn of 
institutional and private investment money. 

Best Japan fund 

With offices in all the major economic 
zones we can monitor all the world’s markets. 

Hour by hour. 

And local staffing means that accurate 
local judgements can be made against the 
global context. 

For better investment. 

1) make more money out 


Fora minimum of £500 you can invest in 
Fidelity’s Japan Trust and catch the rising sun 

Just fill out the coupon and post it with 
your cheque directly to Fidelity or to your 
professional advisor. 

Or if you want further information, 
telephone our investment advisors on our 
Califree number below. 

The lines are open between 930 a.m. and 
530 p.m. Monday to Friday, or on Saturday 
between 10.00 a-m. and 1.00 p.m. 

t Planned Savings Is Mat 1%6. 'Offer id bid ~Th Mav 198b. 


To: Fidelity International Management Limited, P.O. Box 80, River Walk, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1DW. 

I wish to invest £.. 

. in Fidelity Japan Trust at the Oder 

price f illing on receipt of my application and endose my cheque made payable to Fidelity 
international Management Limited- Minimum investment is £500. 

Please rick box if an existing Fidelity invest orD 

Surname MR/ MRS/MJSS l Block fenet? please! — 

First names. 


Sgnamre — 

ill more dun onr applicant tH huiB rajnl 




GENERAL INFORMATION A contract note for nMrspp&ranon ragetherwuh a brochure will be sent iranwWh. Unh cntiBraieuiU he ceni within 3S days. Tliecifcr price for Fiddly 'Japan Tnia is lDtl Dpai 2?ih May W*. 
Accumulation umb only «ill betaued. Ttaedotnbmion dale s 31s August isd. 21s July). An mhia! charge oi M'M equivalent to of the offer price vu included in the price of utau out oTwtuch the Managers will pay commission to 

tyukfiwi ngnwi (fair* initilfttTir *T rrrfi r*T} Th- Tnirii nnmi»l-ti"y- MnnwriT mnnf-'m — pnaltf there BinsuffidMMDiiaciolbcBwai 1 • and lj% jiuj VAT. of die value of the Fund. The annual diarge is currer. 

lj%plu VA.T- but the Usnagsi have the ngbt in change dm uaihm the abow range, subject u gpitig not le* than 3 mornt*' notice to uni! holdert- Urois may be told on an v day u the bid imKftilugmtwapi of vtw renounced cerate-, 
cheque will be KOtwittiBi TwoHangdoys. Pnre* we quoted daily hi the Ftnandal Tunes. Oracle p^’4. and Pread 46150b. ^ Trance: Ctvdesdale Bank PLC. Manners; Fidelia International Management limited. Reraercd Office: Ri> 
h!k.^bobridge. Kent TN9 iDY. The Trail b 4 widef^acp: tmaee seeuoty authorised by the D.T.L MemberoTtheL'itiiTnat A«> ri anm.Qflgu« open to rodents of the Rrpublkoflidand. 





Please tick the appropriate box for M details 

Ulllt TrUStS offer managed investment in British and | | 

overseas stock markets for £1,000 or more. I — I 

Savings Plan enablesyoutoinvestmunittnistsfrom | | 

£20 a month with no extra charees. I — I 


£20 a month with no extra charges. 

Planned Income Portfolio provides 

ten income payments spread through the year from an 
investment of £2,500 or more 

Flexible Pension Plan for anyone who is self- | I 

employed or notin an employer's pension scheme; you get I — I 
complete taxrelief on contributions. 

6*96% net + Cheque Book equivaienttoagross 

compounded annual rateof 10.12% (correct at timeof goingto press), 
High Interest Cheque Account with NeiBWOrt Benson United, 
administered by M&G as agents. Minim um initial deposit £2,500. 


□ charity □trustee □ CLUB OR SOCIETY 

The M&G\fe3rBOOkgivesdeta3sofanthe n 
above services, as well as die Share Exchange Scheme 1 — 1 

Independent Financial Advice 

If you would like independentfmancial advice please give 
your daytime telephone number and we shall arrange for 
a professional adviser to contact you. j 


Tb:The M&G Group, Three Quays, Tower Hill, London EC3R6BQ. ThI: 01-626 4588. 















Member of the Unt Trust Association 

jflumg Mcniuainuicuiwiiirainwuwowu 

ML •HUCIO } jfaofaai&awnkibktomideiitsoftkeRepsblkoflttiaxd. 



Gilt-edged guide 
to the mysteries 
of the unit trust 

The Government is keen to 
promote wider share owner- 
ship and turn us all into mini- 
capitalists. But for the small 
investor, there is no doubt 
that the uni t trust is the ideal 
vehicle for investing in shares. 

One of the main obstacles to 
buying unit trusts, however, is 
that the vast majority ol 
potential investors do not 
know what they are, and even 
if they did, would not be able 
to unde r stan d whether they 
woe performing well or badly. 
The industry has never really 
gone out of its way to explain 
itself to the unitiatedL 

So what is a unit trust and 
why is it a good thing? A unit 
trust is a fund in which small 
investors’ money js pooled 

Spread your risk over 
a brow selection 

and used to buy shares. The 
value of each unit in the fund, 
reflects the value of the under- 
lying investments. 

If the shares in which the 
fund has invested go up in 
price then the value of your 
units will increase too. The 
same is true when share prices 
fell — the value of your units 

The advantage of a unit 
trust is that you can spread 
your risk across a broad 
selection of shares, and deal in 
relatively small amounts. 

No stockbroker would be 
interested in buying or selling 
£250 worth of shares. 

But having bought unit 
trusts, bow do you trade your 
chosen fund’s performance?. 
Statistics are more than just 
damned lies. For most people 
they are a wretched bore, an 
impenetrable mass of useless 
infor mation. If you are not. 
interested in finance, the acres 

of share prices and the unit 
trust figures The Times prints 
every Saturday may be useful 
•for lighting the fire, but little 
else. On the other hand, if you 
have investments you wm 
undoubtedly want to track 
their progress. 

But how do you do it? AJi 
the dots and algebraic symbols 
have meanings which bear 
directly on the value of your 
investments, yet accurate in- 
terpretation is no simple mat- 
ter. Take a look at the figures 
from last week’s unit trust 
prices (see excerpt at right). 
Believe it or not, they are 
simpler to understand than 
share prices. 

The first “Bid” column, 
opposite “GiJt & Fixed ” (there 
is no room to add “Interest ), 
gives the price of units in a 
fund which invests in govern- 
ment stocks, or gilts, and other 
securities where the rate of 
return is fixed. Simple enough, 
until you discover that the 
second column, marked 
“Offer”, also gives the price of 
the same units, but the figures 
are different Why?. 

The offer price is ■ the 
amount you pay when you 
buy units. The fed price is 
what the unit trust’ 
manager will pay to 
buy your units back. 

There is generally 5 
to 7 per cent differ- 
ence in the two 
prices, so that if you 
bought and sold onj 
the same day and! 
there was no price 
movement, ‘ you 
would be S per cent 
worse ofEThat dif- 
ference represents 
the fund managers’ 
income, out of 
which be or she has 
to pay . management 

expenses, all overheads and 
ad vertising and promotional 
costs. What is left after these 
outgoings is profit 

Next comes the column 
enigmatically entitled 
“Chug”, the sort of sound 
defeated villains make in com- 
ic books. The expla nation is 
more mundane; compression 
of space has forced the vowels 
out of the word “change” ,and 
the figures represent fire 
change in price compared with 
the previous working day. 

Last is “Y1<F. or yield; die 
number shown is a percentage 
of the Offer price. This is the 
return an investor will get in 
the form of half-yearly divi- 

The bold dots indicate that 
the unit price is ex-dividend, a 
piece of jargon which means 
that if you bought units you 
would not receive the divi- 
dend because it win be paid to 
the previous unitholder. 

Dividends are normally 
paid half-yearly (thou gh som e 
income unit trusts distribute 
more frequently), and a unit is 
said to be ex-dividend after 
the cut-off point fix' receiving 
a payment has been readied. 
The small **c” means the cut- 

Ybusze. ymk wesmm 
keally is memi Feet > . . . 

off point is near, but buyers 
wiH stQl receive the dividend 
If they buy. They w3I (hen be 
huying “cam-dividend" ■ - 

The irony of it all is list 
unit trusts are thought of in 
the investment industry as 
being particularly uncongw- 
ammak A Unit price 
will not be so affected by ibe 
more technical factors which 
Bj»ate share prices jump 
around, and they are simpler 
to buy and seiL AH you really 
need to remember is that yon 
buy at the higher of the two 
quoted prices and seB bade at 
the lower price — naturally. 

But how do yon buy? We 
are getting keener on unit 
trusts as a s aving s medium, 
although a Unit Trust Associ- 
ation spokesman did say that 
there was still “ a great deal of 
education to do”. 

In the first three months of 
this year more than £2382 
milli on were bought, more 
than double the amount over 
the same period in 1985. 
Having made your choice of 
trust (often the most difficult 
bit of all) the simplest way to 
buy is to pick in? the phone 
and dial the number shown in 
lire newspaper's price tables 
“next to the fund 
manager's name. 
Most groups will 
take your order on 
the telephone and 
you will buy at that 
day’s price provided 
you send die cheque 
off straight away. In- 
cidentally, a number - 
of fund managers 
have a Freefone 
number, which they 
tend not to advertise 
because, according 
to one manager “ we 
would find insur- 
ance brokers and the 

like using it. rather than the 
general pubfie.” Fund manag- 
ers generally like to deal with 
clients on the photic beau* « 
is easier to so n out any 
problems there and then. 

The alternative is u> re- 
spond to a newspaper adver- 

. If the fimd'you are buying is 
a sew oac, the chances are 
there wiB be a period when 

__ids cany a 

afocatiop” of nnits. This 
, mean&a few ware units at the 

However you buy you will 
recover certificate of holding, 

aw <Mhr CMP w 

aim . ms mo* -u wo 

MgkuUH Kt MM .. *■> 
«&MilSi ms mn -OS an. 
MMnihMi nu mu 

Mv PWK «S* *07 275 

MMita «LB KM» <UlM 


which stales tire number of 
-your units in die fund. Multi- 
ply that number by the Bid 
price, and you have the value 
of your investment. 

On you arc once more 
recommended to pick up the 
phone and deal direct. In that 
way you can be sere of the 
price you want. Sending a 
kMcr w31 delay mailers by a 
or more, so the price may 

To receive your money you 
simply have to renounce any 
interest in your suits by a 
special form of declaration, 
normally on the buck of the 
certificate of faatdiiu. The 
cheque, ideally bigger than the 
one you initially sent to the 
managers when raveling, win 
follow in the posL 

Martin Baker 





An All-OuuCapital Growth Investment for Y)u 

ramUngton European Fund aims for 
maximum capital growth through invest- 
ment in shares quoted on the principal 
European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular areas 
for investment. But it is a diverse and complex 
market: for investment success strong links with 
the continent are highly desirable. Erarnlington's 
are with Credit Commercial de France, enabling 
us to combine CCF s expertise and knowledge 
of the European market with our own eminently 
effective approach to long term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The results of this have been good, especially 
over the long term. 


The two previous Framlington funds which have 
most closely followed this approach have been 
Capital Trust, investing in UK. shares; and 
American and General Fund, investing in the 
U.S.A. Both have done well. 

Over the ten years to 1st April Framlington 
Capital Trust was the very best performing of 
all the 275 unit trusts monitored by Money 
Management over the period. It turned an 
original investment of £1,000 into £11,150. 

And over seven years, our American & 
General Fund (started 197$) was one of the 
two best performing unit trusts out of the 27 
investing in North American shares. It turned 
£1.000 into £3, 639. 

The manager of the fund is Philippe Herault, who 
has been seconded from Credit Commercial de 
Fiance. He is our link into CCF s research, while 
working in London with the other Framlington 
fund managers. 

The fund will hove a bias towards smaller 
companies: it is, for example, authorised to 
invest in the French Second Marche. 

In geographical terms the current emphasis of 
investment is on Ranee (34 per cent), Germany 

(13 per cent) and Switzerland (14 per cent) -with 
smaller holdings in Sweden, Italy. Holland, 
Spain and Belgium. There is currently a sub- 
stantial flow of new money into the fund. As 
this is invested, the proportions wiH change. In 
particular; the proportion invested in Germany 
is likely to be increased. The fund has powers 
to invest in Britain but will not do so for 
the present. 

5fou can make a Jump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order. 
The minimum investment for a lump sum is 
£500. There is a discount of I per cent for 
investments of £10,000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly saving s plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you for your signature. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

By 22nd May the price of units had risen 
16.8 per cent to 58.4p, compared with 50.0p 
when the fund was launched on February 14. 
The estimated gross yield was 0.90 per cent. 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the registrars, 
Lloyds Bank Pic, normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £300. Units may 
be bought and soid daily Prices and yields will be 
published daily in leading newspapers. When units are 
sold feck to foe managers payment is normally made 
within 7 days of receipt of foe renounced certificate. 
Savings plans can be cashed in at any time. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders of 
income emits annually on 15 July The first distribution 
will be on 15 July 1987. 

The annual charge is 1% (+VAD of the value of foe 
fund. The initial cfeige, which is included in foe offer 
price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at foe 
rate of lVi% (plus VAT). Commission is not paid on 
savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by 
Trust Deed, ft ranks as a wider range security under the 
Trustee Investments Act, 196L The Trustee is Lloyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are FramUngtoo Unit 
Management Limited, 3 London Will Buildings, 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 5181. 
Telex 8812599- Registered in England No 89524L 
Member of foe Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of 



1 wish to invest 


in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £500) 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. I am over IS. For accumulation 
units in which income is reinvested, tick here □ 

Surname (Mr/ Mrs/Miss/Title 1 

1 wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 

in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £20) 

I enclose my cheque for £ , for my first 

contribution (this can be for a larger amount than 
your monthly payment). I am over 18. 

Full first namefs). 


(Joint applicants should all sign and if aeccessary give details Stpamteh) 



The household levy lives on 



Throw away the Dostoyevsky. 
Keep Gogol in reserve for a 
little light relief If you really 
want a depressing read, cry 
Blay’s Guide to Domestic 
Rates. If you live in a shire 
council your rales will have 
risen by 17.8 per cent on 
average, while ratepayers in 
Buckinghamshire, Cam- 
bridgeshire and Cumbria- all 
have to pay 30 per cent more 
this year than they did lasL 

According to Donald Black, 
managing director of 
B!ay’s,“The overall picture is 
grim. The feet is that rate bills 
are now a major item for all 
householders and in many 
cases they now exceed mort- 
gage payments.” 

The average increase in 
England works out at 16.72 
per cent, with Welsh rates up 
129 per cent, and Scotland 
rhmg tn g a more thrifty 8.42 
percent extra. 

What has happened to the 
supposed ciampdown on 
rates? Where have all the rate 
caps gone, and why did the 
Government bother- to wage 
war on the urban councils to 
try to make them curb their 

In feet the Tories’ chief 
target, the London borougj 
have actually reduced tu 
rates by an average 3-34 per 
cent But there are wide 
disparities between the bor- 
oughs. For example, Bromley 
rates are levied at 134.5p in 
the pound, while household- 
ers in nearby Lewisham have 
to find 2329p for every pound 

Mr Black says: “The present 
system penalizes elderly peo- 
ple living alone, and those 
living in depressed areas., 
businesses which might otber-4 
wise start up or continue' 
operations in areas of high, 
unemployment are packing up 
or leaving.” 

But not everyone sharesl 
that view by any means. One 
London resident thinks her 
rates are “really good value. 
The council come round and 
keep my s tr e et clean, empty 

my bins and all the rest for just 
£8 a week. I have a spacious 
two-bedroom flat in the Ken- 
sington & Chelsea council' 
area. Who else would do all 
that for £8 a week?” 

She might well be pleased. 
Her rates of 98.9p are the 
lowest in the country, com- 
pared to the highest of 335-5p 
in Newcastle. 

With the excepti<m of Scot- 
land and the London bor- 
oughs, rate increases have far 
exceeded the pace of mflation. 
Scots, though, have stfll had to 
pay substantially more be- 
cause oflast year’s revaluation 
which resulted in sharp in- 
creases fix' many properties. 
The other pattern to emerge is 
that the South has done better 
than the North, representing 
yet another example of the 
Great Divide. 

The rates system, and the 
method of subsidy from cen- 
tral funds is fiendishly compli- 
cated, but the effect of the re- 
vamped rating laws and 
procedures has been to penal- 
ize councils who spend more. 

Formerly, the more they spent 
the more they received in 
subsidy. But; further changes 
tie ahead. 

A Green Paper fix discus- 
sion of rates reform was 
pubfisbed by the Government 
this January. The main pro- 
posal is that in addition to the 
presort rating system a com- 
munity charge, or rcsdents’ 
tax be payable. Current rates 
would be frozen and, allowing 
inflation to do its evil magic, 
should be negligible by the end 
of the century. 

. The new system, if ap- 
proved, would not come into 
force before 1990. well after 
the next General Ejection. Mr 
Blade believes the proposals 
offer a bener alternative to the 
existing complicated structure 
of rebates and subsidies. 

Blay’s Guide to Domestic 
Rates costs £6. and is available 
from Blay’s Guides Limited, 
Churchfidd Road, Dial font St 
Peter, Buckinghamshire SL9 
9EW;tefc 0753 884417. 




Thaw are owr SOOUKatAonsedUmt 
TusBwottfe Our expense, 
KnowtedgedmtAeband research 

nuns you nqise. 

West*# be pleased to prowte you 

otf curat inwstmertieconiTwttaons 

wenuchngB • 







nwamtaM - 

. □hcoue □team 

N a —l a wfcK UwlTiiaUdHwtY | 
Swvtta.EntoaarHunCkMratatCNba i 
ert**8$e 158. T* (0272) 741309 , 



£ 14,403 


The secretfiesinfovestment expertise. And 

that’s f”"* — * — — *■ — 1 — *- — ^ - — — - * • - 

Save & Prosper Regular Savings Han. 

investing -£40 a month, in April 1976 in our average 
unit trust Just ID years later, his inv estment was 
worth £14,403 for a total outlay of just £4, 800. 
Although past peribnnance is no guarantee for the 
future, yoncan be sure that our Regular Savings Plan 
gives your money the chance to grow substantially. 

If lOyeais sounds toofong a conmtment, don’t 

worry With Save & Prosper you can increase or 


nonn Sft"* “w*® by calling us forfreeoaMoneytine 

0800 282 3GL Or canqriete the couponbefoiR 

To: Save & Prosper, FREEPOST Romford RM1 1BR. 
Please send roe detafe of your Regular Savings Plan. 



/tn\ SAVE & 


- _ ^ .. 

v ‘ “ >., 

- V 



,.- n i VOVTH 

v,.- n ... • __ ^ 

1 i f* iL f ^ ^ 


Beware, the most respectable 
of cheques may be a forgery 

Bank drafts and building soci- 
ety cheques might not be as 
good as gold but for years 
people have been happy to 
accepr them without question. 
Cars, caravans, boats and 
bicycles have all changed 
hands quickly with owners 
taking new purchases home 
and sellers taking their sup- 
posedly safe cheque or draft to 
the bank. 

Now after a series of forger- 
ies which have resulted in 
misery and huge losses for a 
number of innocent people, 
police arc warning the public, 
not to pan with their goods 
until a draft or building- 
society cheque has been 

In other words, treat both 
types of payment with exactly 
the same caution as you would 
a persona] cheque. 

One man who did not, and 
fell victim to an expert gang of 
bank draft forgers was Gra- 
ham Sianborougb of 

Mr Stan boro ugh. a busi- 
nessmen, says he is “no mug 
when it comes to bank drafts", 
but the £8,500 Barclays draft 
he was given when he sold his 
Volkswagen Golf Convertible 
in April was good enough to 
fool him. 

It was a week later, long 

after his buyers had waved 
goodbye, hat his bank gave 
him the heartbreaking news 
that the draft was a dud and 
Barclays would not honour it. 

“I always had 100 per cent 
faith in bankers' drafts,” said 
Mr Stan boro ugh. whose trust 
has obviously been demol- 
ished the painful way. 

It came as little consolation 
ihat the local police agreed 
with him about the quality of 
the forgery, down to its water- 
mark. The tell-tale mistake, 
which nobody outside the 

been going on since March: 
forged building society 

Apart from a few Abbey 
National counterfeits, nearly 
all purported to be drawn on 
the Leeds Permanent. An 
estimated £300.000 of forged 
Leeds cheques have turned up 
over the last three months, 
having been used to obtain 
anything from a pair of Roiex 
watches to carpets, cars and 
hi-fi systems. 

Strangely enough, there 
seem to be at least three sets of 

One who has not is Mr 
Stanborough, who is now 
holding long negotiations with 
his insurers over his claim for 
theft through deception. 

What both Mr Stanborough 
and Mr Townley have found 
is a reluctance among banks 
and building societies to warn 
the public when such forgeries 
come to light. 

Mr Townley said: “I sup- 
pose they don't want to draw 
attention to ft.” As for Mr 
Stanborough, he was most 
annoyed at the virtual reftisal 

If a prospective buyer travels 200 miles to purchase 
a car, will the deal go through if he has to make a 
second trip once the funds have had full bank clearance? 

banking world could ever 
hope to spot, lay in the sorting 
code numbers, which related 
to a different Barclays branch 
from the one named on the 

At Scotland Yard, Detective 
Superintendent David 
Townley of the central cheque 
squad has also come across 
forged Barclays drafts, which 
have been used to obtain a car, 
a speedboat, a caravan and 
travellers’ cheques: 

What is worrying him more 
is a far bigger racket which has 

tricksters all copying Leeds 
cheques with varying degrees 
of artistic skilL The first series 
which came to light was badly 
primed with the Leeds back- 
ground logo missing, but Mr 
Townley described a later 
batch as “better than the 

The police say they have 
had some success in following 
up the forgeries. Arrests have 
been made in connection with 
both the Barclays and Leeds 
cases and several car owners 
have had their cars returned. 

of any senior Barclays officials 
to discuss the matter with him. 

A Barclays official declined 
to comment on suggestions 
that the bank could do more to 
publicize the existence of forg- 

She described the number 
of forged drafts as “minute", 
adding that staff were regular- 
ly reminded to be on the aierL 

At the Leeds, Peter Heming- 
way, chief general manager, 
took very much the same line. 

Pointing to the millions of 
building society cheques is- 

sued each year, he said adver- 
tising the existence of a few 
counterfeits could do more 
harm than good. 

"If we frightened the public, 
the whole system would fall 
down.” he said. But, Mr 
Hemingway pointed out. the 
Leeds had issued a statement 
to the Press Association news 
agency when the first forgeries 
turned up, 

Mr Hemingway's personal 
advice is that “1 would never 
dream of handing over a car in 
return for a cheque unless I 
knew the person concerned.” 

Such words of warning are 
echoed by Mr Townley, 
Barclays, and. of course, Mr 
Stanborough. none of whom 
would sell goods without first 
clearing a draft or building 
society cheque. 

However such fine advice 
brings practical difficulties. If, 
for example, a prospective 
buyer travels 200 miles to 
purchase a car. will he still go 
through with the deal if he has 
to make a second trip once the 
funds have cleared? 

Even express clearance, 
available from banks at an 
extra charge, takes at least 24 
hours and can be a serious 

Richard Lander 

Only gold beats houses 

Only gold has been a better 
Investment than the family 
borne, according to recent 
figures compiled by Nation- 
wide Btulding Society. 

The Nationwide says: “Ex- 
cept for the short term (five 
years), buying a bouse with rbe 
aid of a mortgage has provided 
average gross and net rates of 
return which are into double 
figures — consistently exceed- 
ing the rate of inflation. 

“If the notional rental value 
of living in the house is taken 
into account the net rate of 
return is considerably in- 
creased, taking it to 25 per 
cent a year in the case of a 
house bought 15 years ago.” 

The survey compares the 

annual rates of return of the 
most popular forms of invest- 
ment — building society ac- 
counts, bank deposits, unit 
trusts. National Savings Cer- 
tificates, shares and gold. 

“The raw average annual 
increase in house prices is at 
its lowest for the period 1980- 
85 and peaks at over 14 per 
cent for the 15-year period 
1970-85, a span which covers 
both of the house price booms 
of the 1 970s," says the Na- 
tionwide. “When transaction 
and mortgage costs are taken 
into consideration the same 
pattern emerges but with a 
much greater range. The sig- 
nificance of transaction costs 
is dearly illustrated by the 

negative return over the last 
five years while for houses 
bought before 1970 the rate of 
return is improved by borrow- 
ing on mortgage. This is 
because the average a nnua l 
rise in house prices exceeds 
the average mortgage interest 
rate over the given period.” 
“Comparisons with other 
forms of investment show that 
for the periods of 15 years or 
more the return on housing 
with a mortgage is exceeded 
only by that on gold, a medium 
which is used by few investors. 
Over the shorter ter m th e 
transaction and mortgage 
costs have a greater effect and 
housing as an investment fares 
relatively poorly.” 

Date when house was bought 
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 

Owner-Occupied Housing 
Average annual change in house prices to 1985 
with a 

rate of return (gross) on a house bought 
a year mortgage and sold in 1985 
Average rate of return (net) on a house bought 
with a 25 year mortgage and sold in 1985 
Average rate of return (net) on a house bought 
with a 25 year mortgage and sold in 1985 
(including notional rent allowance) 

Rates of return on other investments etc to 1985 

Building Society Ordinary Share Account (gross) 

Bank 7 Day Deposit Account (gross) 

National Savings Certificates (tax free) 

Unit Trusts (gross) 

Gold (gross) 

FT Ordinary Share Index (gross) 

Retail Price Index 
NA - not available 


























Investment made in: 














































How objective 
is your advice 
on insurance? 

If you are buying a life 
insurance policy or unit trust 
from an intermediary bow 
sure can you be that he or she 
is recommending the most 
suitable product for you, rath- 
er than being influenced by the 
amount of commission or 
other rewards the intermedi- 
ary is getting ? 

The answer is that at 
present it is difficult to find 
this out But the problem has 
been taxing the Marketing of 
Investments Board Organiz- 
ing Committee (Miboc). It has 
been laying down principles 
and rules aimed at ensuring 
that the advice you receive is 
genuinely independent and 
the most suitable for you 
rather than for the pocket of 
the intermediary. 

MIBOC has therefore said 
that when the Financial Ser- 
vices Bill becomes law and the 
rules it is formulating under 
the terms of the Bill are 
formally introduced, various 

The reason It is 
being outlawed 

forms of incentives which lift 
companies and friendly societ- 
ies pay to intermediaries will 
be outlawed. 

A common form of incen- 
tive is the volume overrider. 
Some life companies will pay 
intermediaries bonus com- 
mission if they achieve a 
certain level of sales of their 

Other life companies offer 
incentives to sell their policies 
such as free trips abroad, or 
gifts, such as free installation 
of car phones. 

The reason for outlawing 
arrangements of this nature is 
clear. Volume overriders, as 
Miboc has pointed out are 
“fundamentally incompatible 
with the provision of impar- 
tial advice”. The same is true 
of the other forms of 

It could be helpful to know 
of some of the deals on offer to 
intermediaries. Ir should give 
a clearer picture of the inde- 
pendence of an 
intermediane's advice. 

For instance your interme- 
dian’ may be attempting to 
sell ’ you one of the two 
products on the market from 
Familv .Assurance: the New 
Family Bond and the Total 
Investment Plan. 

These could turn out to be 
very good investments, but 
bear in mind that Family 
Assurance has just introduced 
a promotional scheme where- 
by for each policy sold the 
intermediary gets a ticket for a 
prize draw. The more policies 
sold, the greater the chance in 
the draw. 

The prizes are two sets of 
two places — for the inierme- 
diarv and his wife — on the 
Family Assurance sales 

This might not seem a great 
incentive to sell Family Assur- 
ance policies. The sales con- 
vention is however to be held 
in the Bahamas for seven days 
in December. 

Keith Sankey, marketing 
director of Family Assurance, 
denies that the m*™** 
scheme is a last-ditch market- 
ing effort beal the Miboc 

He says: “We want to 
stimulate sales for 1986, tins is 
not a new idea- He adm1 ^ 
the incentive scheme could 

colour the judgement of the 
intermediary but says: “We 
feel we have fairly good 
products anyway”. 

As for the Bahamas sales 
convention, it will not be all 
foa and games for the interme- 
diaries. There will be repre- 
sentatives from FA there and, 
Mr Sankey says “the interme- 
diaries will be discussing Fam- 
ily Assurance and its 

Albany Life is paying vol- 
ume overriders — up to a 
maximum 25 per cent extra 
commission. For the first 
£7,500 of commission the 
intermediary earns on Albany 
policies, he gets a 10 per cent 
bonus, in other words an extra 
10 per cenL 

The bonus increases on a 
scale.ending up with the lucky 
intermediary getting 25 per 
cent bonus for sales commis- 
sion earned above £22,500. 
This works out at a £5.625 

Peter Kelly of Albany says 
that the company has always 
paid volume bonuses and “in 
any event our commissions 
are not aS high as some other 
life companies". 

Comhill Insurance says that 
it is abandoning its biannual 
dinner for intermediaries sell- 
ing their policies. It operates a 
prize draw at the dinners, 
again issuing draw tickets with 
each policy sold, thereby in- 
creasing the intermediaries* 
chances in the draw. 

Perhaps it was your broker 
who won last year’s star prize 
— a two-week trip to the 
Cam bean to watch some ofj 
the Test Match series against 
the West Indies. 

Signs are that some compa- 
nies are simply bumping up 

Straight to the 

their commission rates for 
intermediaries, in advance of 
the introduction of provisions 
which will effectively require 
the disclosure of excessive or 
above average commission. 

Sources in the intermediary 
market say that Abbey Life is 
offering an alarming 150 to 
1 80 per cent of the first year’s 
premiums in commission on 
hs unit-linked whole of life 

This means that the lion s 
share of the first two years' 
premiums which you pay into 
the Abbey Life policy goes 
straight into the 
intermediary's pocket, ratheT 
than as an investment for the 
future. Premiums of this level 
are well out of line with the 
industry average. 

According to my sources, 
these are deals which Abbey 
has negotiated with individual 
intermediary firms, as op- 
posed to making them gener- 
ally available. 

David Baggaley, finance di- 
rector of Abbey Life, says that 
in January the company re- 
duced the level of business 
intermediaries had to do in 
order to qualify for an 
overrider. He denies however 
that the company is paying 
commissions of between 1 50 
and 180 per cent . 

Mr Baggaley said: “This is 
way out ofline, with what we 
pgv. I can not tell you how 
much we do pay because it is 
not our policy 10 c J uote 

Lawrence Leper 


Buying a home can be a long and 
tortuous process. 

Indeed, at times it can seem as 
though everyone is working 
against you. 

That’s why we’ve set out to make 
at least one link in the chain both 
flexible and fast. 

The mortgage. 

A fast mortgage. 

Often, for example, well give 
you an immediate on-the-spot 
indication of whether or not we can 
lend you what you need. 

(Even if you need as much as 

£ 200 , 000 .) 

Then, once you've passed the 
normal credit cheats and your house 
has been valued, well give you a 
firm commitment Usually within 
just a few days. 

It’s the sort of service that 
could keep you ahead in a so- 

called ‘contract-race’. 

And it will certainly take some 
of the stress out of a very stressful 

Apart from the obvious advan- 
tage of speed our service is also 
very flexible. 

A flexible mortgage* 

We can offer you a repayment 
mortgage, endowment mortgage, 
or a combination of both. 

How much you can borrow 
depends of course on how much 
you can afford to repay. 

We can take over your present 
building society or bank mortgage 
so that you can take advantage of 
our competitive service. 

(Just ask for a quotation.) 

Or; if youd like to improve 
your home by adding an extension 
or central heating, we can increase 
your present mortgage. 

We can also provide bridging 
loans, personal loans and even 
house and contents insurance. 

A special offer; 

For a limited period, we won’t 
just offer you a flexible mortgage. 
WdH also offer you a cheaper 

Because as a special offer, we’re 
not charging our normal £125 
arrangement fee on any application 
received before 30th June 19 86. 

So if youd like a leaflet, just ask 
at your local Barclays branch. \Xfell 
be happy to help, even if you don’t 
bank with us. 

Strictly speaking, we can’t 
promise everyone a mortgage. 

But we can promise not to keep 
anyone hanging around waiting 
for an answer 


WrittEH deli** jre jtfuiaWe iwn any hum-h M E,vc!?£ w Ho*r.e MoUg&fR SttHOn Bjjrrta Bar* PLC.JirW House. 9^ St P*ui ■> Ouiclri-ardlfndon lWM r 0 r «i® TOf lp’S e -' «*• j tnoilfjge oner it*? prooertv which must be coined 

by indei-linfced tomweheny'* txnidmgi unuMmcc jh*»eauire a lirtt an apiML^eo Jilencuc lor wtod) suttoxin lo «•«» ihe 3 'waywot ic«e <v to mantle rewymem o! on entaunent mcngage. 

Sjrciavs Sen* PtC ftegto I026l67.fteft.0toW lemtord Street i.orW&ncCS’ 5M Ulumste toWS com^rry Bjichp PLC 

Tma Liters SAi URDaV joAV ->* iy<> ° 


Are you getting the best out 
of your bank balance? 


One banker described it as a 
$64,000 question. He was 
wrong: it's a matter of at least 
£22,666 million. Thai is the 
sum the big four high street 
banks say the public and 
businesses have on current 
account with them. None of 
that money is earning interest, 
which means that we're miss- 
ing out on over £1,585 million 
in interest (if it were all placed 
on deposit with the Halifax 
Building Society's notice ac- 
count at 7 percent APR net of 
tax for amounts of at least 

After years of charging the 
public for their services the big 
cleaners rather begrudgingly 
offered free banking. They no 
longer charge for their services 
provided mat customers re- 

main in credit during the 
charging period, although 
charges for overdrawn cus- 
tomers have risen substantial- 
ly. Things have improved for 
customers in the black, but the 
feet is that the banks are still 
being lent huge sums of mon- 
ey. Rabn«* lying around on 
current account are interest- 
free loans to the banks. Why 

shouldn't they pay for using 
our money? 

It would be unfair to expect 
the banks to pay the premium 
rates offered by the building 
societies. Money transmission 
in particular and the banking 
process in general are expen- 
sive. But for the services they 
provide, the banks seem to be 
more than handsomely paid, 
with more than £20,000 mil- 
lion of our money working for 
them. Surely some sort of 
interest should be paid, albeit 

lower than premium rate, for 
the use of our money? 

The banks themselves say 
not. It’s not that we don’t want 
the extra money, it is simply 
that we are used to not 
receiving interest on current 
account so ire have learned 
not to expect rL 

“Our research shows that 
there really isn't much de- 
mand. We’re some way from 
paying interest on current 
accounts”, says Stuart 
Ranson, UK retail banking 
services chief at Lloyds Bank. 

At first blush his .statement 
strains credulity. Mike Fuller, 
head of Midland Bank’s busi- 
ness development, explains: 
“Customers discriminate be- 
tween transaction balances — 
that is, current account sums 
— and savings balances, such 
as deposit accounts. Customer 
actions aren't motivated by 


Aitken Hume 
Allied Arab Bank 
Bank of Scotland 
Barclays Prime a/c 
Britannia/Cater Allen 
Charterhouse Japhet 
Citibank Money Market 
Dunbar Master a/c 
Edward Man son Cheque a/c 
Henderson Cheque a/c 
Uoyds High Int a/c 
Lombard High Int Sav. 

J under £2.500) 
over £2,500) 

/Klsinwort Benson 
Midland High Int a/c 

Hand High Int a It 

P it 21 0,000) 


Oppenhelmer Money Mngt 
(under £10,000) 

(over 210,000) 
Provincial Money Mkt a/c 
Royal Bank of 

Scotland Premium a/c 
Save & Prosper Classic 
Schroder (under 210.000) 
Schroder (over 210.000) 
Tyndall 7 Day 

st Reft, 


Wo. Cheque 



Nat CAR 












01-638 6070 














01-628 8060 







01-626 1567 







01-588 2777 













5 days 

01-741 4941 







0793 28291 






01-631 3313 














01-626 1500 














01-409 3434 







0245 266266 





















01-236 1425 



























0708 66966 







0705 827733 







0705 827733 





Yes 7 Days 

0272 732241 

the desire for interest on 
current accounts. Though if 
you did ask consumers the 
question, ‘would you like in- 
terest on your balance?, the 
answer would be - yes. 

“We did lots of research 
into what customers wanted, 
and they felt most strongly 
about charges, so we did away 
with them for credit 
balances.” In other woods we 
may want interest on our 
current accounts, but because 
we don't demand it strongly 
enough we are not likely to get 

There are some cheque 
accounts which do bear inter- 
est. The high street banks all 
have “ldgh interest” accounts, 
as do a variety of other 
finanrifll institutions ranging 
from Save & Prosper to 
American hanks like Citibank 

Savings. But most of them 
have restrictions — minimum 
investments, no overdraft fa- 
cility and minimnm cheqite 
withdrawals — which make it 
quite unlike an everyday 
cheque account Barclays, for 
example, has a minimum 
opening deposit of £240$ 
each cheque must be for at 
least £250, and costs 50 pence 
after the first six in every 
quarter. Lloyds is closest to an 
ordinary cheque account with 
interest; cheques of any size 
can be written, but only the 
first three entries per quarter 
are free, and the minimum 

Chance to gain 
competitive edge 

balance is still a hefty £2,500. 

It seems that interest is 
something only depositors 
with thousands to spare 
should expect at the moment 
However, there may be a 
substantial competitive ad- 
vantage to be gained from 
offering interest on all credit 

Midland virtually dragged 
the other three bigclearers by 
the scruff of the neck into free 
banking. First to move of the 
big four, it offered the service 
for almost a year before the 
other three hanks did away 
with chaiges, during which 
time Midland claims to have 
enticed 450,000 customers 
from the other high street 

So is there any chance of 
interest being introduced on 
current accounts that are kept 
in credit? 

Leslie Priestly, chief general 
manag er of the TSB m En- 
gland and Wales, says: “The 
market is moving towards 
paying higher rates of interest 
which could lead to payment 
for all deposits, Indeed to 
charging for all services. But 


Invest Now in The Future Growth of 
The Worlds Second Largest Economy 

Since the beginning of this year, unit 
trusts investing in Japan have, once 
again, featured amongst the leaders in 
the performance tables. 

An investment of 51,000 into the 


In the future, we consider Japan will continue to be 
a favourable area for investment Recent developments 
lead us to the conclusion that the huge potential of 
the domestic sector could be the major influence on the 
Japanese stockmarket this year. 

The important arguments for this view include: 

• The dramatic fall in oQ prices. Japan is heavily depen- 
dant upon imported oil and, as such, stands to benefit 
considerably from the halving in prices seen this year. 

• The 30+ percentage rise in the value of the Yen against 
the Dollar. Since the ‘Group of Five’ meeting last 
September the rise in the value of the Yen has enabled a 
significant reduction in interest rates. 

We believe this will benefit the economy and help 
encourage investment in the stockmarket 

• The Japanese Government intends to stimulate the 
economy through a variety of measures. Legislation on 
urban redevelopment and the bringing forward or many 
key construction projects should lead to stronger 
growth. The projected rise in real earnings should 
create a more buoyant consumer sector 

authorities have shown their 
intentions to develop Tokyo as 
a world financial centre equal 
to London and New York. 



u Nil 

average Japan Fund made on the first erf 
January, 1986 will have grown in value 
to £1,320. 

Inlhiget JapanRind, this investment 
would have grown to over 51,400. 


Tbe Manager of Tbiget Japan Furid will seek to select 
the best opportunities available for maximum capital 
growth, whether these be in domestically orientated 
stocks or the shares of export earners. It is intended that 
the portfolio oflkiget Japan Fund will be relatively 
concentrated to secure the most profitable return. 

Consistency of performance is an indication of good 
investment management Over 6 months, 1 year; 2 years 
and since launch Target Japan Fund has ranked 
consistently in the upper quartile of unit trusts investing 
in this market 

An investment of SLOOP made on the launch date. 
22nd December. 1982. is now worth an outstanding 
&3J358 - compared with a return from the average Japan 
Fund of 52,932. 

Please remember that the price of units and income 
from them can go down as wefl as up. 


Ifyou would like to invest in Target Japan Fund please 
complete the application form below and post it together 
with your cheque to the Freepost address, or telephone our 
dealers on Aylesbury (0296) 594L 

Fbr your guidance, the offer 

r a price of units on 27th May, 1986 was 
88-9p, with an estimated gross 
annual yield of 01%. 

If you retain the services of a 
professional adviser we strongly 
recommend that you contact him 
without delay regarding this offer. 

■J TQT^ 

uW *3 JL 

.Ml tbgmw ml «j[6t m Nd. wtm** n- hnwi 

Su<im-Clfal.Sia] JTto Mas IMIl. 


The mini mum initial irmsamenl in IhcuM Japan Ftau! isSSOO. 
Subsequent invi-uraenis may be madeofSlOO or mnr* 

1/ nils air dealt duly and the price and yteW » published daily in the 
Financial Tunes and Times 

A ppJ Italian* will be acknowledged. A con tract note will be 
despatched on rtedpc oTymir application and a certificate for the unhs 
you bold will be isdued around 42 days afler the dale Of purchase I'nib 
can brwJdbudi lolbe Manages** a price not 1 ms than ibetud price 
calculated tnammfuKe with Department oTTrade regulations and a 
cheque will be despatched within 10 days of receipt of signed cifurmie 
An Initial etaqje of 5*b is Included in UieaDer price of units. 
Remuneration is paid lo qualified Imennedlaitoflrom this cbnrfir. Ram 
amllahleofi request. An Annual charge of He (pins YAT) fsdeducieti Inn 
the Fund'* groso Income. 

The nnHftex-disribuilon ibte b 3Ln July and Income will be 
distributed, together with a Managers’ Report on 30lh Sepumbec 
TYusiwThe Royal Rank orScotUnd pit Auditor* KMC Thumvin 
NcHfmncfc. Managerv Taipei IViist Mutagen Limited. Rrgbtmd in 
Eiufand No. WT:V16 ol Target House: Gatehouse Road. A j le-bury.Budn. 

To: Target Trust Managers Limited, FREEPOST, London EC4B4BH. 

I We wish to invest S in Target Japan Fund 

( minimum 5500) at the price ruling on receipt oT this application. 

PJeast* make vour cheque payable to Target Trust Managers Limited. 

TI/ 31 /Q 5 

j Mypror l PKsi.-. n «il 3 rf v iK<wi«8- 1 

| Ple asgsenddrtaibofhow in exchange shares for unit mtsts [ 1 j 

th. i subject is complicated, not 
least by taxation 

Anthony Hunter, bead of 
marketing at Barclays, agrees, 
describing interest on current 
accounts as “part of an evolu- 
tionary trend. There are cur- 
rent plans to pay interest on 
these accounts, but my life is 
full of contingency plans. It 
has to be.” 

If the banks do pay out on 
aH credit balances the con- 
sumers will end up with a fat 
wedge of the expense, as they 
did with free hanking Philip 
Girte, genera! manager of 
National Westminster’s do- 
mestic banking division, puts 
it this way : The cost of 
paying interest bn current 
accounts would have to be 
recovered elsewhere.” 

Hotline to 
law advice 

Lawyers are masters, among 
other things, of equivocation. 
It is so modi easier not to give 
forthright opinions, especially 
when that makes it more 
difficult to be sued. But times 
are changing, ail consumers 
can now avail themselves of 
advice which, says Keith Feet 
oftheLawcaU service, will “be 
positive, not equivocal”. 

Instant advice on legal and 
financial matters is available 
on the telephone at £10 a year 
for mdmdaals. The number of 
calls yon can make in that 
period is not limited, although 
the extent of the advice is. 

A tenner does not take you 
for in legal matters, even at 
knockdown rates. Users of 
“Lawcail” can expect advice 
“not on highly technical legal 
points, but certainly on what 
their rights might be if an 
employer is being difficult.” 

For possible lawsuits and 
the like, the service wifi advise 
on your rights, with the aim of 
cutting oat the first visit to the 
solicitor. Obviously, if you 
want to take a matter to coHrt 
lawyers are a necessity. 

If they do get it wrong, you 
can always sue the company, 
which has a “very targe m- 
demnity insurance premium to 
pay, larger than most private 
solicitors’ practices” accord- 
ing to Mr Peek Bat he adds 
that the insurance has never 
been needed for the advisory 

But litigation is a double- 
edged sword with the legal 
advisers holding the handle. 
The contestaaHts in a suit 
might lose out, but die lawyers 
generally make sore they are 
adequately remunerated, no 
matter which side they find 
themselves on. An advisory 
service for employers, based at 
the same address as LawcaB, 
is prepared to offer practical 
advice to company proprietors 
as well as their employees. 

That said, the service does 
appear to offer some fairly 
useful advice on the niggling 
technicalities which penmate 
some industrial legislation. 

The “Employers 
Protection” service consists of 
a leaflet of reminders and tips 
for bosses, pins telephone 
helplines based hi London, the 
North, the Midlands and Scot- 
land- It's my ranch the sort of 
thing the mall businessman 
might want. 

hi l-'Li.iii 

edly have been aware that they 
had to register raider the Data 
Protection Act earlier this 
mouth. But it would have been 
easy for the small trader t to 
miss the fact that he or she 
was obliged to register - even 


computer was the payrolL 
One particular word of 
warning is to beware that 
Department of Employment 
statistics show that employers 
are haring to pay more in 

settlements at industrial tribu- 
nals. They should perhaps 
beware especially if the claim- 
ant has been set on the 
fitighmsroad by LswcalL 
Details from 31-35 St Nich- 
olas Way, Sutton Surrey SMl 
LIB; fcL 01.661 1491. 

One possibility would be to 
levy a charge for each transac- 
tion done, such as a standing 
order, direct debit, cheque or 
automatic cash withdrawal. 

Interest payments and 
transaction charges would cre- 
ate some feiriy complex lax 

Tax and budgeting 

and budgeting problems. 

Briefly, if you paid charges 
for each entry on your ac- 
count. but received interest on 
the balance, you woaJd pay 
composite rate tax. The bank’s 
charges would farther reduce 
the amount you would re- 
ceive, and would not beset off 
against your tax liability. Thus 

even quite a generous rate of 
interest would be seriously 

The upshot is that for a very 
small credit balance oa a busy 
account you might find your- 
self paying out more in 
charges than you would re- 
ceive in after-tax interest Fbr 
the small credit balance 
charge-free banking is best, 
while the customer wilh the 
larger credit balance ought 
perhaps to be looking at the 
high-interest cheque accounts 
already on offer. 

Our table shows terms and 
conditions of most. Why not 
take a look at your current 
account and see if you are 
getting the best value from 
your bank? 



FROM THE 1st JUNE 1986 



FOR BALANCES OF £20^00 AND ABOVE 8.05% 11-34% 

FOR BALANCES OF £10,000 TO £19599 7.80% 10.99% 

FOR BALANCES OF £5^)00 TO £9.999 7.55% 10.63% 

FOR BALANCES OF £250 TO £4.999 7.30% 10-28% 

11th ISSUE 7.75% 10.92% 



Rates of Interest on all other Share and Deposit 
Accounts including previous issues of Term Shares 
and High Option Term Shares, will be reduced by 
0.75% per annum. 

S AY.E. accounts remain unchanged. 

The gross rates shown assume income tax paid at the 
basic rate of 29%. 


The specified rate of interest charged on existing 
Mortgages will be reduced by 1% on 1st July 1986. 
This Interest rate change will not affect mortgages 
completed since 24th April 1986. 

Details of revised monthly repayments will shortly be 
sent to those borrowers affected. 

41 Pilgrim SL, Newcastle upon IVne. Tel: 091 232 0973 

Annual Contractual rate 


3.30% if compounded monthly 
3.16% if compounded half yearly 


Equivalent to 11.27% to Basic Rate Taxpayers 
Our assets now exceed £39 miilion P 

Sre “ a ' ln O¥nce mat me 

£££ 1 ^™"™ 9Societ * ’sags* 


S2222L T e TS n 6M m 7S ntffla,NB - 

L . ■: 

Account (2nd Issue) and ^und«S^^ P8acham Superstore ri_ 
can be withdrawn VSSSSSSS 
A cneque is enclosed. 6 9 wen 3 months notice v : 

Name . 

Address " — 1 1 — 


W-i f ■ 

■ •> ■ 'kl * \r 

_ii r '- .fiS*! - .;'* i' - •;<oi ;rj"w ■•••.• 

;/ — ■ •• r; '.!_ 




Little help for those who have had big losses 

neale *« .. . 

Proposals to safeguard 
investors money if their fi- 
nancial advisers go bust have 
been _ pm forward by the 
Securities and Investments 
Board. The board hopes that 
its suggestions — to keep 
investors’ money separately 

on tryst, so that n is safe from 

the firms creditors — win be 
incorporated into the Fman- 
dal Services BilL 

But these proposals for the 
future provide tittle consola- 
tion to those who have already 
suffered substantial losses at 
the hands of their financial 
advisers. In 1981, hundreds of 
investors lost a total of more 
than £5 million — some, their 
entire life savings — with the 
collapse of investment advis- 
ers Norton Warburg. Five 
years on, some of those inves- 
tors have still not received any 
of their money back. And for 
two of them, the failure of the 
company was only the begin- 
ning of their problems. 

when Pat Myanfs husband 
was paralysed in a car 
acrident,he received £82,000 
compensation, which they 
gave to Norton Warburg to 
invest on their behalf By 
1979 Mrs Myant had handed 
over to the company another 
£172,000, including the mon- 
ey she had received on her 
husband's death. 

Norton Warburg now had 
all ber savings and Mrs Myant 
went off to Venice having left 
stria instructions with the 
company that she did not 
want any ofher money invest- 
ed in risk ventures. 

That was the last she saw of 
ber life savings. The first she 
knew that anything was wrong 
was. when she read a 
newspaper report that the 
company had collapsed. She 
has stir not been repaid any 
ofher money^and is virtually 

Out-of-pocket investors: Pat Myant, left, lost 
at least £160*000 wires 

“I have lost absolutely ev- 
erything and all I have is a 
widow’s pension,” she said. “I 
have a job as a housekeeper as 
this is the only way I can 
afford a roof over my head. 

“I have now seen a list of 
what Norton Warburg did 
with my money. It is heart- 
breaking. They bought travel 
tickets for £1300, they paid a 
doctor’s tax bOl of £5,500, they 
gave some woman £26,000, 
and another person whom I 
had never heard off 13300, all 
with my money.” 

Pat Myant refused to give 

she gave to financial advisers after her husband died^Jane Davies lost 
I* company collapsed after her husband's death 

up the tattle to salvage some- struggle. Mrs Myant com - Then, six months after the 
thing from the situation. She 
obtained legal aid to lake 

mealed: “I have had a great 
deal of difficulty trying to find 
Counsel's opinion on whether, a solicitor who does legal aid 
she should bring proceedings work and who was prepared to 
lor damages against Lloyds - take on the Establishment, but 
Bank, Norton Warburg's the Law Society was a terrific 

help in finding a firm for me." 

Jane Davies’s husband died 
in 1978 and one of the 
directors of Norton Warburg 
was executor of the estate. 
The winding-up of it was 
never completed and Mrs 
Davies lost at least £160,000 
when Norton Warburg 

Difficulty of finding 
the right solicitor . 

bankers, and/or the Bank "of 
England, for any responabD 
ity they may lave lad for the 

But it has been an uphill 

failure of the company, Mrs 
Davies was awarded damages 
for her husband's death in a 
road accident. She was ex- 
tremely satisfied with the way 
ber solicitors had handled the 

I expected a bOl, 
but not a bomb 

case, but she was told after- 
wards that she was doe to pay 
them legal fees of more than 
£20,000. This was over and 
above the fees due to them 
from the losing, party. Such 

extra fees are known as 
solicitor/client costs and may 
have to be paid even if you 
win your case. 

Mrs Davies commented: ”1 
knew a bill was coming but the 
amount of it was like a bomb 
through the letterbox. I decid- 
ed to nave the bill taxed, and 
on taxation the fees were 
reduced to about £10,000. The 
whole business of having the 
bill taxed was rather daunting, 
but in my case it was absolute- 
ly worthwhile.” 

Five years after the Norton 
Warburg failure, Jane Davies 
also has not received back any 
of the money she lost. Like Pat 
Myant she has had a constant 
battle trying to obtain infor- 
mation on what happened to 
the missing funds. “Whichev- 
er way f mm, it’s like a brick 
wall with the Director of 
Public Prosecutions and the 
Fraud Squad. I feel that the 
avenues of justice open to me 
have been effectively blocked. 
I feel badly let down by British 
justice. A company can take 
all your money and seemingly 
get away with it.” 

The spectre of Norton War- 
burg constantly haunts her, 
and it is now in the form of the 
Inland Revenue. They are 
trying to claim tax on the 
money she never received 
from her husband's estate. She 
is having to take further legal 
advice to sort out this 

Perhaps the final comment 
on the plight of investors who 
lose their savings should come 
from Pat MynanL “If we had 
been mugged, 1 am sure that 
the offenders would have been 
brought to justice by now. I 
only hope that the directors of 
Norton Warburg know bow 
much misery they have 

Susan Fieldman 



and feel you can’t 
afford to be iU? 

The problem with being self-employed is finding the time 
to take time oft So when illness forces an urqdaxmed rest 
on you, cbefinancial consequences can beqnhe 

That's why private insurance with BCWA makes sense. For 
over 50 years BCWA has consistently undermined the 
Theo ry f hat private medical insurance is a rich man’s duh. 
During that timewc have acquired a national re p uta ti on 
Barbeine'bcstbuv ' -w in the market 

Our schemes include excellent 
cover for private hospital 
charges, specialist fees, 
out-patient plans, and an 

Additional Cash Payment ■ 
option. BCWA ensures 
that when you are tfl, 
you can afford it. 

Bristol House, 
*0-56 Victoria St, 
Bristol RSI 6AB 

Rytonl C W ttlto illOfVWMMiAf OCilgOn 


h, n. 

if Bristol Contributory Wd&re Association 
l Bristol House, 40-56 Victoria Street .BristoLBSldAB 
|l Please send me details of the Private fallen is Scheme 
I 1 am aged under 65 For individuals [LJ 

j For manbers of Profess focal /Htode Associations pp 


|| Name — 



It may not be too late 
to alter your finances 

Are you on the financial drift? 
It's so easy not to bother when 
it comes to nakfat 
decisions about yonr own 
nances that many of us simply 
take the good, old-fashioned 
British route and accept what 
we're given. 

The latest ffitretratioa of 
financial apathy comes from 
research commissioned by a 
life assurance company. Mer- 
chant Investors. An NOP 
survey shows flat 77 percent 
of homeowners with endow- 
ment mortgages were offered 
only one choice of life contract 
to go with their loan. 

Not surprisingly, insurance 
companies fike Merchant In- 
vestors want to get in on the 
act; the company has launched 
a new unit-linked endowment 
mortgage package using its 
own life policies as cover far 
the loan. 

The Homeptns endowment 
mortgage (tiers a choke of 
nine different funds far Its 
unit-linked life policy. 

Three unit trusts are man- 
aged by Merchant Investors, 
and the others by 
Framlington, Henderson, Per- 
petual, Gartmore and TSB. 

“We like peole to have a 
choice.*' says markethag man- 
ager Barry Blackburn, al- 
though he adds that borrowers 
will not be encouraged to 
switch between funds once 
they have made np their minds 
which fond to link to their 

It is worth mentioning that 
Merchant Investors managed 
unitized fund has been a below 
average performer over one 1 

Fund switching is 
not encouraged 

three and five years, so yon 
might do better to opt for the 
Perpetual, Gartmore Hender- 
son or Fnmlingtoo fink. 

The package has permanent 
health cover (income protec- 
tion far the long-tem sick) 
and, nataraBy enough for a life 
policy, death benefit. It will be 
sold through building 
societies’ and estate agents’ 
offices as well as through the 
more usual channels. 

Any queries should be ad- 
dressed to the Merchant 
Investors’ mortgage desk an 
01-686 9171. MB 

At Investment Portfolio i Services iw; 
investments for clients and arem ^ 

Sorid markets daily Our knowledge safeo 

available to advise on existing 

Even if you have capfcdjou would like to invest 

-we can offer impartial advice. mwah** 

No charge or obligation-pJease 
return coupon to IPS. 




| Postcode- 


Psnlbiw valuation 

.Amount awIbWv far imerfmeat. 


, - — T 3 15 Bfi J 

valuation— mm mm rnmmmmmmm 

Growth or income ? 
Now have your cake & 

eat your gateau. 

The new GT International Income 
Fund offers a unique opportunity. Not just 
for long-term capital growth, but for an 
income designed to grow over time. As an 
investor, you no longer have to choose 
between growth and income, because the 
new GT fund is designed to give you the 
benefit ofboth. 


By spreading your investment across 
the world, you are not dependent on the 
economic performance of any single 
country. You are not at the mercy of 
short-term fluctuations in any ini 
vidual marketThe managers of 
this new fund have the flexi- 

t 1* '8“*’-’'- 

baity to put your money 
to work wherever it will 
deliver the best results. 

They have the cur- 
rency hedging expertise to 
protect the value ofyour holding, 
and whether investing in overseas * 
equities or government bonds, they 
can concentrate on those foreign markets 
which promise the best prospect of growth 
and income performance. 



Currently, GT has over £3 billion under 
management right round the globe, which 
already gives us a huge presence on the inter- 
national scene. Our offices in Hong Kong, 
Tokyo, Sydney and San Francisco are con- 
stantly monitoring and researching their 

local markets, providing a unique level of 
investment expertise in those areas. 

In a recent survey of London stock- 
brokers, our existing purely 
capital growth orientated 
International Fund was 
rated as the best of 
its kind. 

and GT has 
twice been voted 
Fund Managers of the 
Year by The Observer. 


Unlike the income from, say, a building 
society ordinary share which can only rise 
anymore importantly, fall inline with general 
interest rates, income based on equity hold- 
ings tends to rise with each passing year. 

For example, £1000 invested in 1973 in 
our UK based income fund would have paid 

a net income of £4030 in 1974, but by 1985 
the income from that investment had risen 
to £195.60 -an increase of 385%. Over the 
same period, the annual income from a 
building society ordinary share had in- 
creased by only £1.00. iSourarDeZoete&Bevsni 


With the prospect oflower interest 
rates and a further decrease in the rate 
of inflation, equity funds look more attractive 
as an income source than at any time since 
the sixties, and the international nature of 
the fund should ensure healthy long-term 
capital growth as welL 

The price of units and the income from 
them can go down as well as up. 

But in the current economic climate, 
the GT International Income Fund should 
provide a more than satisfactory amount of 
icing on the cake. 

You are invited to apply now. The 
initial offer of units at 50p closes 
on June 7th. The estimated gross 
starting yield is 5% per annum. 
If you normally consult a 
professional adviser about 
your investments, then 
please consult him 
concerning this 

Dealing Monday ^ °®* er ’ 

Friday 09.30 to 17.00. 

Send the coupon to 
GT Unit Managers Limited, 

or telephone 01-626 943L 


A contract note will be issued on receipt of your applies don and 
a certificate will normally be sent within six weeks from settlement. 
Not applicable to Eire or US citizens or their agents. 

An initial charge of 526P6 (equivalent to 5^0 of the offer price) is 
.included in the price or units and an annual charge oTl*a (phis VAT) of 
the value of the Fund is allowed for in the quoted yield. 

estimated gross current yield is at die launch price of 50p. 
Income (net of basic rate UK tax) and managers reports of the Fund 
win be distributed twice annually on January’ 2 1st and July 2Jst. 

Units may be soW back on any business day at not less than the 
ruling bid price.Proceeds win normally be forwarded by cheque within 
seven working days from receipt by tbe managers of the renounced 
certificate Prices are quoted in the national press. 

Remuneration ts paid co qualified inrermedtanes. Rates arc avail- 
able on request. 

GT Unit Managers Limited is a member of the Unit This 
Assodation. Registered in England No.903821' TruswerLlovds BanfcPlc. 

Direct Unit Trust dealing Kne 01-626 W3LMoo to firi 09 J0-1Z00. 

To: GT Unit Managers Ltd FREEPOST, London EC2B 2DL. 

iXn stamp nrpu/tJt- 

Full Forenames. 

1/We wish to invest 

in the 

GT International Income Fund (minimum £500) at the price 
ruling on the day you receive this application. 

I am/We are over 18. Cheques should be made payable to 
GT Unit Managers Ltd. 

I/We enclose a cheque for the amount to be invested. 

Tick box if dividends are to be reinvested. □ 

IT you would like details ofhow to invest by regular monthly 
savings please tick the box. O 


In the case of joint applications all must sign and provide names and 
addresses on a separate sheet. 

BLOCK LLTTKfcS PJcaw Maw Mr - Mi. Vmh Tide 



.Tel Me 

IF you normally use an investment adviser 
please state name here. 

GT International Income Rind. 

THE times Saturday may 31 1986 




r- I . 

\ * i 


Mow building societv investment rates are coming down^' 
on 1st June. 

Which Ls had news for most investors! 

The good news for Sovereign investors is char the Skipron 
will continue to pay a better no-strinp. rate than most other 
major building societies. 

So Sovereign is a hetrer home tor your capital. 

It you've £10,000 or more to invest, you'll get the top rate 
of interest (8. 10% - gross equivalent 11.41%*) and a genuine 
no-strings access to rhe whole of your investment. So vou can 
withdraw all your money whenever vou like, without notice 
and without penalty. ft your investment is below £10,000 the 
following equally impressive rates apply, and still no smngs. 


£5,000 OR MORE 
£500 OR MORE 



785% 11,06% 

750% 10.56% 


f 1 

I Skipton 1 

I Building Society 1 

The Difference is 
the Skipton Factor 



Monthly interest paid direct to your bank, is available at 
7.85% on balances of £5.000 or more and 7.50% on balances 
between £2.500 and £4.999. 




Opening a Sovereign account couldn't be easier. 

Jusr call at your nearest Skipton branch or simply Freepost 
your cheque with the coupon. 

From there onwards you can pay in or withdraw by post, 
whenever you wish, and we’ll pay the postage. 

) Please use block capitals. Tick where appropriate. I 

ID lPfck wish toopen a Sovereign Account and era: lose a cheque foT I 

1 £ (Max. £250,<XJ0 per account) : 

| □ l/We wish to open a Sovereign Monthly Interest Account and | 

1 enclose a cheque tor £ [ 

(Min. £2.500 - Max. £250.000 per account) • 

| Cheques should be made payable to Skipton Building Society. | 

I D Please send me more details. i 





liir«RM [uaJinmiJU. Rtfeaivi irmu varuHe. 'For haste rate tax pavrrv. 


financial institution 

British National 

You could do worse 

Inrn^nh^ol 15l 15L J.SL 

international up 7 1 . 6 % up 87 . 7 % lip 123 . 3 % 

u - 1st 1st 5th 

Managed UP 58.4% lip 88.3% 

r- . 3rd 4th 2nd 

equity UP 41.9% UP 7S.4% UP 150.4% 

pj j Tll . , . 23rd 5th 4th 

fixed interest) up 21 . 3 % • up 33.8% UP 51.8% 

Ficure> from Moma Manopemeni "Smwuck". percentages ate the offer to offer unnpncc growth Aver the 
ihinr tears up ;o April hr |Qd6 and *he puMiion each British Nanonal Lite Fund trained compared 
so rhe perrorm.ince of other sector fmi-. 

If you are thinking about investing a lump 
sum or you are concerned about your pension 
situation, take a look at British National Life 
Assurance. Citicorp, one of the largest financial 
institutions in the world did jusr rhar and four 
months ago British National Lite became part of 
the Citicorp group. When you consider British 
National Lite's invesrmenr record you can see why. 
Ov er a three year period our tour main life funds 
have never been out of the top five and our 
international Fund has consistently been die best 


For a minimum of only El. 000 you can take 
advantage of our investment skill in the Plan-Fbr- 
Investment. We have completely abolished any of 
die usual ‘front-end’ charges which means that 
106% of your investment ( 105% if its under C2.5O0I 
is allocated to our high performance funds. .Act 
note/ This enhanced offer is only available until 
June 19th 1*^6. . 

Plans tor regular monthly saving are also 
available. Naturally, growth rates cannot be 
guaranteed and unit prices can tail as wc(J as rise. 



We have pension plans for the self-employed 
and company directors but pension plans are only 
as good as the investment expertise behind them. 
Its worth reading what the authoritative magazine 
Money Managemenr said about our Pension 
Funds: "Britisn. National. ..has a remarkably 
consistent record, its funds appear in the top five over 
one and three years in the managed, UKetfuity 
international and fixed interest sectors 

If you want your investment to keep pace 
with your needs, choose British National Life, a 
young energetic company now backed by the 
mighty resources of Citicorp which has total assets 
in excess of £120 billion. 

|"Tam particularly inwrvaed in: ] 

I Lump sum investment □ Pensions □ Regular Swings □ i 

ipL-if f*’l) 1 

| Pkix; >vn«i me mere intarmanon j 

| | 

| QffuEgwn j 

| Adda-* I 

High street shopping for shares 

_ . • ~.~r-iiiHf*ri that tf 

planning to display prices and 
market information in six 
branches in the South East on 
an experimental basis. 

Everyone, h seems, wants to into context, this only adds up 
sell us shares. The banks, t0 one deal per week per 
stockbrokers and soon build- branch. Customers have had 
ing societies too will be trying to deal “at best" rather than at 
to tempi us off the high street a price quoted on the spot and 
to buy a few pounds' worth of have been limited to the 
equities. advice their bank manager 

In earfy July, Midland Bank gets second hand from a 
will open the doors on a true broker, 
share shop at its branch in NatWest are taking rather 
New Street, Birmingham, tentative steps towards pep- 
Customers and the general ping up their share business by 
public will be able to mvesti- planning to display prices and 
gate share prices on computer- market information in six 
ned systems. Topic and Extd, branches in the South Easton 
and (foal on the spot through an experimental basis. 

Smith Keen Cutler, the Mid- There will be one screen for 
land-owned Birmingham customers to sort through 
stockbroker. information, and another op- 

The broker, which has its e rated by bank staff linked 
office in the same buiklixig as with County Securities, die 
the Midland bank, will have hank’s own retail broking unit, 
two members of staff on the for ordering share 
bank floor to give advice. If transactions, 
the venture is a success, die Barclays has Just finished a 
Midland will open other share one-year experiment in pro- 
shops in its brandies. David viding share information in 
Loudon, of Smith Keen Cut- branches, and is now evaluat- 
ler, said that the firm wants to 
get smaller firms under its 

wing which would provide the B nfldino societies’ 

back-up for expanding the nlancswaitpil 
retail side of the business. piBOS awaited 

Green wells. Midland's oth- — — - — ■ — — 
er stockbroker, is keen to . , 

encourage business through rag foe results with a view to 
the banks by installing dec- expanding the service, 
tronic connections to give As part of the Big Bang 
share information. “The changes in the City, banks 
'securities' counters could be have been buying stockbro- 
more user friendly," says kers so they can offer share 

into context, this only adds up Debenhams, Oxford Street 
to one deal per week per last September will open its 
branch. Customers have had third share shop in Truro, 
to deal “at best” rather than at Cornwall next Tuesday. This 
a price quoted on the spot and one is in a shop on its own 
have been limited to the unlike the first and second (in 
advice their bank manager Bristol) which were in 
gets second hand from a Deben ham's department 
broker. stores. 

NatWest are taking rather Tony Richards, who runs 
tentative steps towards pep- Quitter's retail operation, is 
ping up their share business by enthusiastic about expanding 

A!n.lnu nri/W 9nH Iha Attain M Iraiinc with St men 

the chain to towns with a high 
and growing population where 
savings are high. 

London brokets La mg and 

and have concluded 
figures do not add up. insiead. 
Sey have taken foe ^ 
approach and S' 3 ant j 
telebroking. EWbojrKM™ 

Brighton libtanesarewn^ up 

and providing a share dealing 
service for the public. 

WICO, foe stockbrokers wi 
Care, has bought 51 per «n l ®| 

investment advisere The Has- 

tings Group based jn 
Fambam. and the slock ^^‘ 
kers and the investment advi- 
sory busin&s are moving rat 

an accessible town-centre 

S- W r- 

m i 

1 •_*. 

an expenmentai oasis. London brokets Larng and an accession 

There will be one screen for Cruickshank are putting to- ground floor office, so pwpij 
customers to sort through gather a high street chain of can wander in for ali-rou 
information, and another op- chanuhnncKuciMith OfthMr financial advice inciuoins 

information, and another op- 
erated by bank staff linked 
with County Securities, the 

•• ““v— — — - 

share shops by stealth- Of their 
seven regional offices, only 

with County Securities, the two do not have a ground floor 
bank’s own retail broking unit, 

for ordering share Belfast office was 

transactions. merged with brokers Carr, 

Barclays has pna finished a workman, Patterson, Top- 
te-year experiment in pro- ping & Co and moved into the 
ding share information in street, and the Taunton 
anches, and is now evaluat- office has moved to foe high 

street between a dentist and a 
n ij* • , frozen food shop. 

BPflfl in g societies “They are still basically 
plans awaited offices rather than shops," 
_ ___ says Laiog’s Mark POwelL 

“but we want to take our 
y the results with a view to services to a wider _ public. 
nanrting the service. People can come in and 

one-year experiment in pro- 
viding share information in 
branches, and is now evaluat- 

Buflding societies’ 
plans awaited 

ing the results with a view to 

WApouuiu^ uiw — ~ 7 — - — , 

As part of the Big Bang browse around the literature 
changes in the City, banks and there is a convention^ 
A — ctnclchrokers office uostaus. 

UU1U»3 1U uic V-HY, IM1UU — — - — . , as — ■ V. 

have been buying stockbro- stockbrokers office upstairs, 
more user friendly," says kers so they can offer share He believes that ibe margins 
Green well's Tim WalkeJey. dealing in-house. And when on processing the sort of deals 

In foot, banks are to some the building societies are given that come “off the street" do 
extent share shops already, wider powers next year, they not justify splitting the profits 
About one-tenth of total Stock too will be able to oner a share with a department store. Loo- 
Exchange volume of business service. But none of them has don brokers Hoare Govett 
is conducted through high yet declared their exact plans, agree. They have costed the 

is conducted through high 
street banks. In 1984, for 
instance, NatWest handled 
200,000 deals. But to put it 

j,. wvu ,a«v. |/uuu. agree. They have costed the 

Stockbroker Quilter operation of putting in the 
Goodison, which opened the electronic machinery and 
trail-blazing share shop in staffing in-store share shops 

heir financial advice including 
Dnty buying and selling shares, 
loor ,. This of r, ce is the 
blueprint," says Douglas M- 
, was drich-Blake who manages the 
f?” - ’ Famhara office. “We are try- 
ing to get foe mix right 
iton The Glasgow money shop 

iigh Save and Invest which offrrsa 
id a general financial planning ser- 
vice and share buying on an 
ally agency basis has plans to cover 
ps^ the country. 
velL gave and Invest plan 5 

our 0 pen shops in Leeds and 
bhc. Manchester this year and five 
and more shops next year. Bunn a 
ture more radical move Jeffrey 
anal Deans, one of the joint 
is." founders of the venture is 
gins trying to franchise the con- 
teals cepL “We can offer people 
• do who already have an expertise 
ofits in investment or pension 
Lon- planning, help with recruii- 
ivett mem and a complete corpo- 
the rate identity. We are putung a 
the package together.” 

Vivien Goldsmith 

homeowner means we 

offer an APR of 

18.8% (1.45% per month s 

That's almost certainly far less than you 
are paying on your existing commitments. 
And you can spread the repayments 
over a longer more comfortable period to 
suit your budget Any period from 3 to 10 
years. So your monthly repayments could 
easily be half what they are now, most 
people even find they have cash in hand. 

There is no penalty for 

early settlement - interest is 

charged only on the balance outstanding. 


Charterloan can be spent on anything you 
wish, not simply to clear your existing loans. 

You can use it to pay for a family 
holiday, or a new car. A brand new kitchen 
or home extension. 

If the whole loan is used for home 
improvements you may qualify for tax relief at 
source, further reducing your monthly repayments. 


Before tax relief 

3 Years 

5 Years 

10 Years 



Total ' 









1.5*4 ^ 










3.3-53 1 


- 500 





0 1 













12 924 : 


:? esc 



APR 18.8% 'Variable 


•r month 



Chartered Trust is not only one of Britain’s 
leading finance houses but is also a member of 
the Standard Chartered Group, a major British 
international bank. 

There are no hidden extras or legal fees. 

No contacting your employer without your 
consent No one will call unless invited Though 
if you do wish to talk to someone just ring our 
24-hour ‘Hotline’ cm 0222 456622. 

There’s no fuss, no obligation, just fill in the 
ample application form. 

Chartered Trust pic 

A member of Standard Chartered Bank Group 

AmouiH of Loan reawed £. 



Sooi&c's Foreramels) 


leoaymertTerin yews Property F/HoldUL'Holdn Estimated \blue£. 

MvtnmJ SinjSe VMowed Separaied, 'Divorced (DeTe 

Present address 

- Postcode- 

Timeotttviaddress years 

Previous address M at present address less than 3 years) 

E taci Occupation 

Employer's Name 

Artrtr**^ - 

Timp'HttUhr; wnnkiypr years— 

Spouse's E 4act Occupation 

Repayment Term years 

Tel No 

Patent Birth- , — 
DateofBrtti ^ _ 

ad (DeTeteas appropriate 

Date purchased 

Monthly Income gross Sett £ 

Monthly Commitments 

Name ot Lender 

1st Mortgage 

2nd Mortgage 

HP ’Bank 


Other Credit 

Purpose tor wtwh loan is required . 


Amount owed 
- 1 

■ 1 ~~ 
. I 

. £ 


if ytwrequve the protection of the Gold Scheme loan, please tick here n" 

Nfi Life Insurance tree up to state retirement age 
Stature of 

Applicant — Date 

Sertd tWs eompfeted form to: Chartered Trust pic, 24/26 Newport Road, Canfitf CF2 15R. 

Secured CharreitiMns are available only in England. Wales and Scotland Rcgsteied numtjer 6612DJ England & W^Ip-. 





\«jf '%'j Jt - 

Deep pockets are needed for these hems, from left, the George HI rfiair in which Prime Minister Perceval was shot, on sale at £14,000; Vincennes Ecuefle cover and 

stand, c. 1753, £15,000, and a J. W. Goddard portrait, £48,000 

None but the brave will carry off the best booty 


' -2. • *1 


The highlight of the world’s 
most important antiques fair 

— to be opened this year by 
Princess Maigaret at Grosve- 
nor House on June 11 — is to 
be the Cartier Display. It is on 
loan from Cartier’s Museum 
in Geneva and from private 
collectors and members of the 
Cartier family. None of the 
exhibits, however, is for sale. 

The lair takes place in the 
Great Room of Grosvenor 
House, where 89 members of 
the British Antiques Dealers 
Association will be showing 
some of the finest authenticat- 
ed pieces they have been able 
to muster. Exhibits which will 
arouse much interest include 
Spink’s rare and magnificent 
Queen Anne Brittania silver 
wine cistern and matching 
fountain made by William 
Lukin, London. 1707, valued 
at £550,000 

Fine antiques of any kind 
are becoming increasingly dif- 
ficult to find, but you might 
. fancy Apier-Fredenck’s beau- 
* tifully carved George n ma- 
hogany chair circa 1 740 priced 
at £14,000. Spencer Perceval, 
son of the second Earl of 
Egmont, the only British 
Prime Minister ever to be 
assassinated, was shot while 
sitting in it by the lunatic 
Bellingham, in 1812. The 
Times of the day quotes the 
Duke of Cumberland as say- 
ing: “I saw Mr Perceval lying 
dead in a chair in the 

Speaker's Chamber, off the 

lobby of the House of Com- 
mons, with a surgeon and 
several other persons standing 
by.” . . 

Less expensive souvenirs of 
a visit are. of course, available 

— such as an exquisite Taper 
stick” for £25 and prints at 

Some startling financial 

gains have been made in 
antiques. Unlike racing and 
the stock market, you cannot 
study form. .An is very person- 
al and fashion fickle. Guide- 
lines, such as Miller’s 
Collectors’ Guide, can be only 
a starter. Like the skateboard 
craze that lasted so short a 

time, you can take a tumble. 
But at least, if you buy what 
you like, you have something 
concrete to keep for the future 
for the next revival — even if it 
takes a generation or so. 

The experts always say “buy 
the best you can afford''. 
Quality and condition are all 
important unless something is 
unique and hard to come by so 
that price isn't affected. Use 
your gut instinct Look at the 
best in fairs and exhibitions. If 
you haven’t seen something 
before, it might be rare and 
valuable — particularly to 
museums and collectors. But 
watch out for fakes. If you are 
going to pay a lot, go to a 
reputable establishment or 

Laird Cowes, director of 
the silver department at 
Spink’s, says: Tf you go for 

Buyers should look 
at pre-1740 silver 

the very finest, you are ex- 
tremely unlikely not to make a 
profit." He tells a very human 
story against himself of oppor- 
tunity missed. 

“In the late 1950s 1 was 
offered an Elizabethan salt 
cellar for £800. As 1 bad only 
started out on my own then, I 
couldn't afford to buy Jl_ 
Subsequently in the 1970s 
Sotheby’s sold it for £13,000- 
II is worth in excess of 
£100,000 now." 

Taking quality into consid- 
eration, he suggests purchasers 
would do well in buying silver 
not much later than 1740 
“when individual craftsmen 
made individual pieces. You 
can’t be too early of course. 
Names of those who produced 
great things are important as 

John Sandon of Phillips, the 
auctioneers, suggests that peo- 
ple should have their china 
and glass revalued periodical- 
ly for reinsurance “as there 
have been some dramatic 
increases, although glass las 
not increased as much as 
ceramics .** The gap between 
the ordinary, and the fine and 
special, has widened apprecia- 

bly. “Pieces selling at between 
£30 and £40 four or five years 
ago will often make £60 to 
£70, whereas a good piece 
formerly worth £2,000 may 
well be worth £4,000 plus 

Antiques from the 18th 
century have shown a greater 
increase than those of the 19th 
century over the last five 
years, especially in English 
pottery pre-1760. There is 
demand for ironstone and 
high quality Regency porce- 
lain cabinet pieces, dinner, 
dessert and tea services made 
during the first quarter of 1 9th 
century. The 1 9th and 20th 
centuries *have not increased 
so significantly, except pieces 
by particular artists and de- 
signers, such as Christopher 
Dresser. Pieces that cost rather 
out of the ordinary, such as 
those exhibited at places like 
Harrods and Liberty, are 
worth buying, Collectors go 
for names. 

Highlight at the Grosvenor 
House fair will be the rare 
Vincennes Ecuefle Cover and 
Stand with Gilt Decoration, 
circa 1753 exhibited by Earle 
D. Vandekar. price £15,000, 
which will no doubt find an 
appreciative buyer looking for 
rarity and quality. 

Whitford. & Hughes are 
exhibiting an oil “Rendez- 
vous" by William Goddard 
(1861-1922) at the Grosvenor. 
Goddard began bis artistic 
career when the predilection 
for classical painting in Britain 
was at its height, accelerated 
initially in 1864, when lord 
Leighton was made President 
of the Royal Academy, and 
then from 1870 onwards when 
Alma Tadema settled in En- 

When the fashion for classi- 
cal art declined, Goddard, a 
sensitive, kmely man, took his 
own We. This beautiful paint- 
ing of his model is priced at 

Adrian Mi bus of Whitford 
A Hughes speaks of these 
tum-of-the-cenuiry classical 
paintings: “The individual 
name is not necessarily impor- 
tant. It is the quality of the 
work that is relevant and what 





Probably the best way yet devised 
to manage substantial portfolios 

For full ^ e U.ns, telephone or 

The minimum investment is* £oO,TOU 


Members of The Stock Exchange 

, ^00K H .".ffii0bU^ 

U ^ e l«fW®PRO€URG 
Member of the ANZ Group 

people should look for and can 
still find. Names of well- 
known painters such as Wil- 
liam Goddard will, of course, 
fetch more. 

What about prints? Jona- 
than Rendle of Christie’s gives 
useful advice, even though 
prints have not gone up in 
value as much as some other 
things. “Look for early 20th 
century British prints, includ- 
ing woodcuts. The strongest 
section are good Old Master 
prints from a few hundred 
pounds upwards. The Rem- 
brandt prints in the 
Chatsworth Sale at Christie's 
last December went for 
£500,000, the highest price 
ever paid for a print Howev- 
er, there is not much interest 
in indifferent Old Master 

prims and buyers are extreme- 
ly fussy. Condition is every- 
thing — no abrasions, or prints 

that have been cut" 


John Carlton-Smith, an ex- 
hibitor. says: “English clocks 
and barometers are still rea- 
sonable when compared to 

Something superb, 
never seen before 

continental The buying pub- 
lic have far less to choose from 
now, particularly good and 
interesting pieces. Therefore, 
it’s a very safe bet in my 
opinion, to purchase anything 
in the dock and barometer 
world from a reputable and 
established dealer that pleases 

you enough to live with it 
Late J7ih cemury/early J8ih 
century clocks are perhaps 
performing a little on the low 
side prioewise. Apart from the 
more important pieces, this is 
an area where there is room 
for improvement” 

Sc what are likely to be the 
best buys? .Alistair Sampson of 
the British Antique Dealers 
Association says: "Those 
made by the bravest who buy 
something quite wonderful 
never seen before. The deepest 
pocket always wins.” 

Arda Lacey 

• Details of the fair. June 11 to 
21. from Evan Steadman & 
Partners, teb (0799) 26699. 



❖ By advising you which investment gives die 

most income a man a^ed 65 no life assurance could 
expect® recent 12.46% pincignaranifcd. 

% By reducing your income tax bill 

many retired people lose out tnmecesaril)' on the ’age' allowance. 

By making your capital grow to increase your 
income in the future. 

Knight Williams has specialised for many years 
in identifying income investments for retired 
people. Send for full details. 

Knight Williams 

Independent financial advice. 

33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB.01-409 0271 




Offices in London and Leeds 


T 31/5 








Notice is hereby given that 
with effect from 1st JUNE 1986 
the basic rate of interest, on all 
classes of shares & deposits, 
will be reduced by 
0.75 PER CENT per annum. 

Member of the BtnW/ng Societies Association. Trustee Status 
2l3 Baker Street London NWl SUYTeE 01-935 0138 


£42,160 SINCE OCTOBER 1982 

If you had taken the opportunity 
to invest £10,000 in the W&rdley Japan 
Growth Trust when it was launched in 
October 19S2 you would have seen your 
money grow to a staggering £42460 
(by 28th May). That’s a growth of 321.696 in 
under four years. Have your investments 
performed as well over this period? 

Now we are offering you the opportunity to 
invest in this high performing Unit Trust directly 
off this page. 

Wardley’s consistently outstanding 
investment record . 

The superb performance of the Wardley Japan 
Growth Trust is not an overnight wonder'. 

Units have shown a dramatic increase in 
value of over four times since the Fund's launch 
in September 1982. 

This remarkable investment performance is 
increasingly being accepted by serious investors as 
par for the course for Wardley Unit Trusts. The 
Wardley International Growth Trust has grown in 
value by 58 % * since its relaunch in November 
1985, and the Wardley European Growth Trust has 
increased in value by 10096 * since it was launched 
in January 1985. 

How do Wardley do it? 

The answer is simple. Wardley's pro- 
fessional team of expert advisers work 
exceptionally hard in analysing, inter- 
preting, and forecasting market move- 
ments. Our Japan Growth Trust is actually 
advised by our Fund Management team 
in theirTo'kvo Office. They are 'on the spot' to 
take advantage of investment opportunities as 
and when they arise. 

In fact, although the Nikkei-Dow index has itself 
grown rapidly over the last four years, it has been 
consistently beaten by the Wardley Japan Growth 

Will the Wardley Japan 
Growth Trust maintain its 
growth performance? 

We believe that future prospects for 
continued growth from this Fund look 
excellent. As the Japanese economy 
continues to flourish, selective investment 
opportunities are likely to be found in 
companies with household names such as 
Sony, Honda, JVC.Casio.Nikon andToshiba. 
Of course, this rate of growth 
cannot be guaranteed to continue, 
and the value of the units and the 
income from them can godown 
as well as up. 

How you can invest 

All you need to do is to complete the 
attached application form and send it to us 
with yourcheque (minimum investment is 
£1 ,000), made payable to Wardley Unit 
Trust Managers Limited. 

Application for Investment 
in the Wardlev Japan 
Growth Trust u 




See how well Ihe Wardley Japan / 

Growth Dust has performed in relation f 
to the Japan Nikkei-Dow average. / 



J, V 

0500 . 



1662 W83 ' 19M T905 19M 

— - JqanHiTifccHlw ftuif— SictVofl Adjutcd 

Our aim is lo provide unitholders with 
good, long-term, capital appreciation from 
an actively managed portfolio of Japanese 
securities — our key concern is to achieve 
capital growth — income is not a prime 
consideration with thevield estimated at 
around 0.2% per annum. 


Deanng In Unto: limB Mil be bcugm BI UW rulmg OHb< pnM on an, 

on Men crams arerecemea. (As agwdetfisOflm pita* on 
Minify 1986 was 113401 A CoWran Mow will be S*nt nr»t»Si**ty your 
ODEtaMjon * received — and your Uno CemEne mil normally totfow wunin 
ine non uSosys Wnen you wM p units. tuynwi *di w» maoe ji dm Bta 
price. no'maily «imn I oati a) the recwpi ot yaut lenburcea Una Getubcjle 
Pncas anil yield: The cur am cnees ana vMdate ducted only >n me Dafly 
Twegrapn. Nnanoal Twee and The Tyne*. 

Income: Ids mMntma gross current yield on zamMsv «bsO 2 S 0 per 
annum Nw income it dmoutau annua*y on Nommoei 29lfl 
Qieiaes: An ntiei cheige of & included in me price o( unds. 

Comrmsvoti a Paul to qualified marmecMnes. ina ran being available on 
re aeea An annual rnanagernsnieftwgsol itelptut VXTrot rnevsiuftoiins 
Tiua a deducted nomine Income <<* cepaal . rt vents msurtaem ncomei . 
Sjrfeguwds.- Tne That <s suftoftsea b, we Seerenryot Stue ter ThMe and 
InouBry and 4 e under range nvesimem under Ihe Trustee tnu oa i n m u no. 
1661 Thu Thjsee IS Lloyds BenV Pic. 71 LomBaio Strew London EC3P 3BS 
Menagemam Company : wardtoy Unu Hub uanagare Lumced. Rag. No 
12069.6 England ftog.Oflwe IMardley Houea. 7 CwuoniJoic Square. 
London EC2M4HN 

A member d Be Unit Trust Association 

Seuce CrnStM* 

Calculated on an offer to bid basis to2Hlh Map 1 986. 

(min. SI, 000) at the Managers' quoted offer price on 
receipt of this application. 

Fiml name; 




(In the case of joint applications, each musl sign and 
attach full names). 

Please tick the appropriate boxfes) if you would like: 
ji) income dislributions reinvested Q 

(ii) details of our Share Exchange Scheme £] 

(iii) details ol regular monthly savings □ 

Please send this completed application form and 
cheque for theamoum you wish to invest io: 

Wardley Unit Trust Managers Limited 
Wardley House, 7 Devonshire Square, 

London EC2M 4HN. 

Telephone: 01-929 1532 or 1534 

(Not applicable in Eire) 731,15 j 

Fund Managers Worldwide 
mmdvr HongkongBank gfoufi <Z> 




good/ . 

Most peoplfe seek good nnd f* 

consistent performance from a 

their investments. # * 

Now. Axe Financial Services 

can offer you an investment bond that 

has been in the top 3 performers of its sector over 

1.2 and 3 years. (Source: Money Management.) 

Although good past performance cannot be used 
as a definite indicator for the future., it certainly 
bodes well - AND UNTIL 19th JUNE 1986 

Send the coupon today for full details -or phone 
01-623 2402 (office open this weekend]. 




looK, im\t - wzeanb/G miCHtofv rs 

m'PlAr- W$T W UCj A sulu 






Current account - no interest 
Deposit accounts - seven; 

To- Axp Kinanrinl 5er\ icrs LlH. 
PI«asi‘M.>nd mclnvTOlmnnl Bond rlHails. 

NAME IMrMr-i Miss). 


•\ ( ' 

\ i • 

• TI I/5 


■ ■ ~ 2=T-< 


Chief Office: Sadler Street, Middleton, 
Manchester M24 3UJ 


As from 2nd June 1986. the interest paid on 
Masterplan and Income Flan accounts will be 
reduced as follows: 

Income Plan 
Net CAR Gross CAR I 

'Ciw equivalent ,p basic rate tax payer*. 

“Cpinpounrirri Annual Rair when monthlv income rtnuiiu investnL 
*"Ciou equivalent CAR 10 basic rale tax payer*. 

All other share and deposit accounts will be 
reduced by 0.75% per annum. 

Contact your local Middleton Branch if you 
require further details. 


'Mn^syn 1 

A Member of the Build m; Scots 10 Awcijiinn Invettors Prelection 
Scheme. Ain hot ivrd for Interment bv Tcumco 





Up to £750 

5.40 1 *- 7.61V 

Up to £2.500 

640% -901V 

Up to £5.000 

7.40 c b — 1042V 

Up to £20000 

800*^— 1127*1/ 

Over £20.000 

820" ,-055°. * 


Mrs Alice Smith, a Times 
reader, was walking her puppy 
a couple of months ago when 
the dog slipped its collar and 
ran across the road, causing a 
car accident in which several 
people were injured — fortu- 
nately not seriously. “But,** 
she asks, “am I covered by my 
household contents insurance 

Explains Chris Vecchi of the 
Association of British Insur- 
ers: “Basically the injured 
party has to prove negligence 
on the part of the dog's owner. 

If they can prove that you 
were negligent, your third- 
party liability cover included 
in most standard household 
contents policies would nor- 
mally cover you for claim s up 
to £500,000/ 

Pets have a habit of being 
destructive, if not causing 
accidents. For what else are 
you covered? 

If your property is 
scratched, chewed, tom or 
fouled by your pet, or by 
vermin such as rats or moths, 
your household contents poli- 
cy is unlikely to cover the 

Few insurers offer this cover 
as part of an accidental- 
damage option to a buildings 
or contents policy-. Sun Alli- 
ance is an exception — for 
damage caused by your own 

Pet fears you can 
guard against 

pet they will cover all but the 
first £25 of each daim for 
repair or replacement 

The reason given for the 
usual exclusion is that fre- 
quent often small, claims 
result in payment and admin- 
istration costs which will push 
up premiums. 

But what happens if some- 
one rise’s dog lurches into 
your cabinet of valuable 

It is wise todieck 
the small print 

china, or your dog decides to 
stage a fight in a shop full of 
antique docks? 

Then the insurance compa- 
nies win pay up in most cases; 
even if the pet owner is found 
to be negligent But beware. In 
an effort to cut premiums' 
some insurers have now ex- 
cluded even this accidental 
damage cover from the per- 
sonal Liability section of con- 
tents policies. It may be wise 
to check the small print of 

If death or injury results 
from some action by your pet, 
as in Mrs Smith's case, claims 
will be met by the legal 

liability provision of your 
contents policy up to the 
policy limit In many cases 
this is £500,000, although 
some have cover for up to 
£250,000 and others, such as 
Royal provide a million. 

This cover will not apply if 
the injury results from a 
deliberate act by the policy 
holder, such as setting a fierce 
dog on an unwelcome visitor. 

The third-party liability 
provision in most contents 
policies is worded to cover 
personal liability as a house- 
holder at a particular address. 
It can therefore be claimed 
technically that if your pet - a 
horse, say - is housed away 
from the home, an accident 
caused by it is not covered. 

Though a daim will often be 
met without challenge, it is 
better, when insuring, to make 
the company aware of the 
location of pets and ensure 
that you are covered. 

Another area of potential 
dispute is in the definition of a 
pet When is a pet a pet, and 
when is it a dangerous crea-. 
lure? Some policies specifical- 
ly exclude liability for 
dangerous animals, and on all 
proposal forms you are asked 




ON £10,006 OR MORE 


ON £5,000 OR MORE 





On £10,000 or moreyou will find it hard to beat 
our leading combination of high interest and 
instant access. Even on smaller investments our 
rates are exceptionally competitive. And you can 
pay in or withdraw as you wish, without giving 
notice or incurring any penalties whatsoever. 


If you wish you can have your interest paid 
monthly. In a Cheltenham Gold Monthly Interest 
Account amounts of £10,000 or more earn 7.77% 
net 8.05% Compounded Annual Rate* and on 
£5,000 or more, 7.53% net 7.80% Compounded 
Annual Rate! still with no strings. 

You can also have the added convenience of 
running your account from the comfort of your 
home or office, post free, with our Gold By Post 
service. All of which makes Cheltenham Gold an 
automatic choice. 

Invest in Cheltenham Gold today. 


] To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, 

S PO Box 124, FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Glos GL53 1BR. ■ 

] I/We enclosed to open a Gold By Post Account 

! (Minimum £500 Maximum £250,000) 

* I/We enclose £ to open a Gold Monthly Interest 

i Account By Post (Minimum £5,000 Maximum £250,000) 

| □ Please send more details. block capitals 

I Full Name(s) Mr/Mrs/Miss 

/#v/ vyNET 

ON £500 OR MORE 



BuBding Society 

Member of ihe Building Societies Association and Investors’ Protection Scheme, Assets exceed £3,300 million. 

Branches throughout the UK. See Yellow Pages. 

- Interest paid annually: current rales which may vary *When interest added to account. 

Offiank NA 

f Mortgage Base Rate. 

(Male 63, investing £10000 vwth 
income defened tor two years, 
paying 29% tax). 

impartial advice on now best to 
maximise the return on your 
capital For fuRdetaBs of the many 
waysinwNchweGin improve 
your finandai studion .... 

Incan* Advice. 


Tax&tavastnrent Consultants 

'ttM'4990321or(OS24S224ti ■ T3VS 

mdumng holdings 

Rahim price mflax. 


MatWest 4575 per cent Nattend 
Girobank 4 .35 pw cent. term 
deposits £10.000 to £24 ^ -1 
month 8.75 per cent S nwntts 
6.625 per cent 8 mo nths 6.37 5 per 
cant (National Westrrtnstarkl 
month 6.914 per cent 3 months 
6-354 per cent 6 months 6554 per 
cent (Midland). Other banks may 


Rind NetCNAH Telephone 

SlTh? 191 7.13 016386070 

B^SootoKt 742 7.25 016288060 

01588 2777 



1981. £148.55 . (The 
supI ^KnSre is R not announced 

srss-*"*- 5 


to inform insurers of any 
special risks. 

Undoubtedly poisonous 
spiders, piranha fish, snakes 
and the like do present a 
special risk. It is better to seek 
out an insurer who will state 
that your pet is covered than 
risk having to fight over a 

One good way to do this is 
to list all things you are 
concerned may not be covered 
and include them as Dart of 
your application. 

Many pet owners are 
shocked to fold that their pets 
are not counted as 
“possessions” under their 
contents policies. If you have 
a tank of valuable goldfish 
which gets broken, your tank 
w ill be repaired or replaced 
but not the fish. The Son 
Alliance policy can be extend- 
ed to insure a defeat or pony, 

A separate contents 
policy is possible 

and other insurers have simi- 
lar options. 

There are specialist insurers 
of pets and other animals who 
provide for vets' fees, early or 
accidental death, loss by theft 
or straying, advertising and 
rewards for lost pets, and 
boarding fees if the owner has 
to go into hospital 

u you have a building 
society mortgage, note that 
although it is normal practice 
to insure the building through 
the society, it is possible to 
have a separate contents poli- 
cy which could be cheaper, or 
for pet owners, meet needs 
more closely. 

•Sun Alliance (01-588-2345); 
B1BA for your local broker, or 
problems with one (01-623- 

9 Special insurance for domes- 
tic pels and horses: Petplan 
(01-995-1414). John Holman 
(03744-5566). Norwich Union 
(06036-22200), or for a wider 
range. Equine & Livestock (01- 
568-3431). NFU Insurance 




20^)00 SQ.M. SITE. 

TLDELA. 20-7® 
TELEX: GOHU-E 37755 





Adam & Company 


Cifflwnk Savinost 

Consolidated Crds 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 

Lliiyns Bank 

l« Westmwtflr 

Royal Baik of Scotland — 

» 713 7* 

SK55n°S SIS 

ssetfst as 

Henderson Money 
Market M 

Cneque Account 7.08 7 -25 
Lloyds hica 720 7A0 
MSGWCA 6-96 7.19 

E2JOO-E9.999 8.75 652 

C10.000 endow 7XO 754 
MM West High 
im Spec Heserea 
E2JHS-E9599 658 755 

£10,000 A over 750 754 
Oppenhelmer Money 
Management Account 
underoODOD 673 650 
0«er £10500 751 754 

673 654 
over £10500 650 7.12 

TdUARfeycsJ 7.41 756 
T&n 7day 750 7.78 
TyndalcaD 7.18 755 
Tyndal 7day 755 7A4 
19)77 day 7.10 759 










0872 732241 
0272 732241 

1 month 7.05 7.28 0752261161 

Li G High Im. Dep. 7.75 759 01 1 3883211 
CNAR - Conipound*) Net Amual Rata 
Rgures are the latest svaflabto at the tone c< 
gong to press. Research D. Bern 

National Savings Bank 
Ordinary accounts — it a minimum 
balance of £100 maintained for 
whole of 1988. 6 per cent interest 
□a. tar each complete month where 
balance is over £500. otherwise 3 

percent Investment Account— 11.5 

per cent interest paid without de- 
duction of tax. one months notice of 
withdrawal, maximum investment 

National Savings Income Bond 

Minimum investment £2.000, maxi- 
mum £100.000. Interest 12-00 per 
cent variable at six weeks notice 
paid monthly without deduction of 
tax. Repayment of 3 months notice. 
Penalties In first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rate monthly income tor first 
year.8 per cent , increased at end of 
each year to match Increase in 
prices as measured by Retail Prices 
Index. Cash value remains the 
same. Income taxable . payed gross. 
Three months notice of withdrawal. 
Minimum Investment of £5.000 in 
multiples of £1,000. Maximum 

National Savings 3rd Index-Untod 

Maximum inv e s tm ent — £5,000 

income and “P^S^^ieover 
aient 10 an annual interest we 


converting ir^-yea^s a 'J' , ^, m . 

years 8.19 per cant lax free. 

ww®« s-W ' *reSo“^a»- 


mum £100.000 . InWesMZ 
variable at six weeks notice crec« 
annually without deduettf" 

ffiVStt'XP » ««■ 

repaid during first year. 

assy's ess's £•* 

through stockbroker or bank. 
Guaranteed Income Bonds _ 
Return pa« net 

higher rate taxpayers * 

further liability on matunry. 

Credit & Commerce - 755 Z yre 
Gen Portfolio * 7%. 3 yrs Frnanc. 
Ass./Premium Lite 7 ■ 1 % 

Cap 7.75%. 5 yrs Cannot Assurance 

Local authority town halt h®™* 1 
Fixed term, fixed rate inves&rienK* 
Interest quoted net lbas« rate tax 
deducted at source n^ redairrH 
able) lyr Northampton 7.1% - zyre 
Northampton 6.91% min invest 
^SSwgan 7.25% min M 
£100 - 4-9yrs Taft By 71 % tihrs 
Taff By 6.91% min invest £1000 
(These rates are liable to change 

Further details available from Char- 
tared Institute of Public Finance figir 
Accountancy. Loans Bureau i (638 
6361 between 10 am and 2- 30pm) 
see also prestal no 24808. 

Budding Societies 

Ordinary share accounts - 6.00 per 
cent Extra interest accounts usual- 
ly pay 1-2 per cent over ordinary 
share rate. Rates quoted above are 
those most commonly offered. Indi- 
vidual building societies may quote 
different rates. Interest on ail ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not redaimable by non-taxpayers. 

Foreign currency deposits 
Hates quoted by Rothschild's Old 
Court International Reserves 0*81 
26741. Seven days notice is re- 
quired for withdrawal and no charge 
is made for switching currencies. 
Sterling 9.69 per cent 

US dollar 6.02 per cent 

Yen 4.04 per cent 

D Mark 3.65 per cent 

French Franc 655 per cent 

Swiss Franc 852 per cent^ 

vs - m/vky sroctcmceK " 

— i jU- 


The Equitable has recently had an Educa- 
tional Trust established (with all the tax advan- 
tages ofcharitable status), thars designed to save 
you thousands of pounds on public school foes. 

For example, a single contribution of 
£8,467.08 could, after 10 years, provide 
£48,852 worth of school fees* in total over the 

At a saving of 82%. 

Or you may prefer to spread the cost by 
making regular contributions. Either way, if 
you’re thirtidng of putting your child’s name 
down for public school, put his name down for 
an equitable School Fee Trust Plan. Cut out the 
coupon or phone 01-606 6611 for details. 

•fig»Mppo*-ihnra^ annuity rwo J|V^.*tihcnine.jiiddiaraiffeni 

boddilnth indiklngiri mn J hnnuuic numLip aI dirDu^hnu. Ikwiuilmm,! 

on (inure prowjnj like unj^nnrs>jisnHbrputtnieaJ. " 

RecommeiiMl^ NanoiullStS. 

To- The EqairaNe Lie. FHEETOSL 4 Coleman Street. London EC2K >rr 
ra wdamje lunfier detail* un vmir school let plans, financing themW 
□ AcapitJiumiUSpiwdinsrhrctnioiiTjpmijd. ’• 

■TiK mslninaoli , 

N (me • Mf IMiVMhV 

| 1 nKMhu 

i The Equitable Life 

La — mYou gain because we’re different « 





All rt a s a tic d «dvalaen>cM» 
can be by tefcptodra 

lexttjn AnnoonceiBaitsV n>* 
w » SMpm 2 (fays priw 

to iMMnuon Oe SiOOpm Mon- 

<*»y far Wednesday). Shoald 
yea *ah to send an advertise. 
meat in writing please include 
au ™*r. 

PARWEKT. IF you have any 
fluff** or probfemx rebtint to 
yt w ad vCTiHcment once it has 
aopeared. please contact our 
Oi&wncr Services Depanmem 
by ufcpfaone os 01-481 4100. 


THAW YOU Maty LU> for a 
- - magnificent Convention. Robert 

■■ SftffMan and foe central Lo»- 

■ doa MrbIs- 

Btocfcrock. Co. DuWta 
contact M* niece. Miriam 
Arundel at 17. Clenauoan, 
Wooon. Dun Loogira*. Co. 
Dufann ffHoDcaayS^rS soSn 

Bm. Uu 2tTs with Itchy feel 

wan « K» trave l the world and 
seeks companion with similar 

MU July . MM AIM- SeadSAE 
uvwv 9 Pant &3a7oS£Sr 
POET Seeks free sner in rmnn 
lul Muse. London. Care (Me er. 
Reply to BOX H4I . i 


I Waw d rent a TV or 
Wdso by day. wk or month. 
TOPS TV 01-720 4409, 


wanl*M tor private overwao trta- 

HM>- Reedy U BOX H43 er 
leleMtUMl 01-236 3628. 


hauols wanted tar private com- 
PMIol Top MW paid. Ol 228 

CTS AH days 
9«4» Day. 

• and 01-303 

wamea. Oi 
Eves 01 387 ■ 

M79 ' 

FMCXT ouatlty wool carnet*. At 
trade prtoar and adir, ana 
avaaauc toons extra, urn 
roam toe remnants under MB 
normal price. CbanccfV Carpets 

IMes avail. Hand sound ready 
lor preaentatHn an 

“Sundays-. Cl 260. BTaonbur 
When 01-688 6323. 

tickets PomunrcvEW. cbm. 

surttant Exp. dm. Lea Ms. 
AH theatre ana tports. 

TM: 82 1-6616/828-0496. 

A Ex / VMa / DBen 
A SWUUMO MT David StiffifogY 
Couture CoOMUga M the Park 
Lounae. Orosvener Howe. 2 - 6 
June. TM Ol 499 6363. 
HIHMIPlg T Owe s utn eooe 
mi ongtota Times Newspaper 
dated the very day (hay were 
bora. £1260. 0492-31303. 
StarttBht-Wtrnhtedoa Tends. 
Wham nvaOaMe utw. Ol 439 


Miuai COUPLE INO rtm- 
dmO- As cook/hp wefc eeper 
and chanffaur (Bader ragorrd 
to Central London. Stan July. 

CAMDE N TOWN Adraettva peri- 
od house MU H i llMg 4 
bedrooms (2 atari. 2 Large re- 
ception rooms and tally fined 
kitchen and bathroom. Caa cen- 
tred iMlna South ucm 
garden. Avail lor August at pat 
£830. TM 01 486 1 109. 

sums Vale wmt rat tut. 2 



avail A read- lor dtotomats. 
executives- Long * dan k« In 
ell areas. Unfriend * Go. 48. 
AMemarte SI W1 . 01 -499 6334 . 

tATM a M ERIT AM AMT. Sort by 
■ertane conectar, theme Reply 
to sox mo . 

Deska, Bookcase etc * Pre 1940 
r arm tum. TeL- 01-688 0148 or 
Of-228 2716 day or nMiL 
MMUBOk We p ua r am ee to 
pmr tap vrtees tor centre court 
■eata. Phone Robin Richardson 
on Ol 836 2630. 

ALL JEWELLERY wanted. Tap 
cash, wutann. 43 Lambs 
Condu it SI W C1.JQ6 8638 
Medoo. Too prices. Phone urn 
tael - -821 6616/828 0496. 

Autncirs Send rae: for details to 

PO Box 261, SW14 7pp. 



today Oongnuidatlnna and 
much love rrom Dad 
. TO THE winstaniey Babe. A very 
happy birthday. Tony, May 
Slat 19B& 

WJ-M. Happy Btrmdby. run 
. you. t 


. CMMAHV GOLF Days tagantoed 
tor staff or customers. Aoy id- 
eation. Tel 0734 872722 
ROLLS ROYCS with highly 
. recommended Chauffeur ter 
private ntre. ah occaatooa. Also 
freelance Chauffeurlng. London 
/ Berkahlfe. TM : 0628-34966. 
yoocs know ws? IM Briuhih 
leading experts trace YOUR 
ANCESTRY. Write to 
Norihgotr. Canterbury. KcnL 
CT1 1 BAT. T M 0227 462618. 
SELECT FHSHHH Qcctustve In- 
iroductHwn for toe unattached. 
88 Maddox Street. London Wl. 
Telephone 495-9937. 
raiCRUmiP , Love or Marriage. 
AJJ ages, areas. OntaUae. Drpt 
(OKU 23 Ahtopdon Road. Lon- 
don WB. TM: 01-038 Id 1. ' 



Together we can beat it. 

Vife fund over one third of 
alt research ouo lhe preven- 
tion and ran; of cancer tn 
the UK 

Be Ip us by sending* doru- 
non or nuke a legacy to: 

Cancer ftl 

Research Xi* - 

2Caihon HoiueTerWi-. 1 

(DqM VZ7fii London SWIY 5AH J 

wanted. Centra. No is. Bat 
pnon POM. 01-839 6233. 

wanted tor lame portage com- 
pany. Ol 437 6078. 

TOMS PAN. Needs 2 or 4 Wim- 
bledon centre coon seats - any 
day. TM; 01-73 O 6964. 

Wl— I.PH M - lop prices for Con- 
IT* Coon Bento. Ring OI 836 

WIMBLEDON ticket! wanted. 
Wnatn. Queen, an other evmm. 
01-682 9264 or 01-687 1096. 

ED Best prices paid, entire 
court or court 1. 01-737 2S32 

H—Unai TICKETS wanted 
Dim debenturMLAtoo CBynde- 
Murwr-Besl pmccaOI 226 0837 

weeks ep. LSI Wed. Centre * 
No. 1 . Best price. O l 741 0407. 

01 928 1776. 

bto petto eur. - Nationwide 
deliveries. Tot (05809 850059 
i watu. 

IIATFMDCNS Any event toe Les 
Mis. Covezd Cdn. SrartLglrt Exp. 
Wimbledon. Gtypdebounae. 01- 
828 1678. MMor credH carts. 

01-031 1080/81. 

O Ltd. OX 229 19*7/8468. 
BaiSM n pri cep. 0682 36723. C 
0706 873748. 0282 66816 d. 

Bed aesa. i«t too rows. Lounae 
badges ate. Teh Ol 4Ca 7861. 
HMSLCDOM «nd all fbb Events. 

Tickets bought and Md. 

01-9300277 tx- 01-9300698. 



first (tour balcony U ■ sv- 
dtncQun.2 8HB.1 Mtttai- 

nutto- bedim Owner ton al 
(or l year CI86 o-w- Pref Co 
Let. Sac 996 9632. No agents 





WficHden Cttlmtatt Ties, de- 
sfan fslint orty E&SB par 3 Q yd 
+ VAT. Wool nn Baber capets 
4ai sills Hessian bached £4 35 
pur sq yd + VAT. Wtifla stocks 

148 WlRkto y rtt BiMm Bd, 

ft,— n— f*pR ■ ■ rtyi 
rilUlI nVOB. WDi 

Tefc01-73I 3368/9 

Free esnmates-Ezpcn fining. 

button idephenea £19.50- Sony 
bus. maetdaes £99- CEG cord- 
less, £109. VIC computers and 
accessories at * price. 91 Lower 
Statute SL SW1. 730 0933. 

seats, ad daysJdeal tacentlve 
package- « 602 9766. 

or sold. Whaml Queen. Chess A 
CMS nr sale. TM Ol 701 8285. 



ngorUus. animals, etc, want- 
ed. OI 883 0024. 



adtaatalrie stool worth EBOns* 
pUed wtto atw Ptono over £800 
putthtoed during June, mm 
for fnse catalogue. ZOA 
Htohgafe SA. NWS. 01 267 


r. No 60375. Coon cndHon. ' 
Matching dmMe plaao statri. 
C2J500- Tab 031-667 6903. 
and tacowdlMonril- Quality at 
reasonable prices. 3B6 BrigMoa 
RtL. S-Croyaon. 01-688 3618 


CttamP P*«t KC R»*Hoto 
bred. Ready now. Tel: (028683) 


EXCHANGE. MUdtatmi 1 year. 
Devon country Mat for 3 bed- 
room home Central. West 
London. Kew. BOX H46 

Bat seals boughl/soU. 01-778 
9373 wane. 

and lBth Century furniture ou- 
theMfaaUy regraduced In .our 
own workshop* for (be home, 
office and b oaed i uoOL £2 mO- 
uon stocks. NetOMtad. near 
Henley (0*91 1 641 1 16. Baarne- 
nwuto 10202) 29368a 

Tapsham (039287) 7443. 

Berkeley. Gtaa (0463) 810962. 


Old agettlnevitahle. Bat a poor and lonely one Is 
l auiwhmg riifff-iwir— s otnffhin g fliar manypeopfe 
Inflationary world weanetrytog tasrern the ride. 
But we desperately need more funds. Will you be a 

frtend and hf3p nsTjy makmg a covenantor by 
remembering as in yoor will? 

Edeixb of the Elderly have beeolookingafter 
the elderly and needy since 1905. and now have 
eleven Tcadential banes. Boe. men aodiwaaep 
fata professi on al backgrounds find security 
and beedom. with erpertnureing care. They are 
"at home" and not "to a home’ -they never have 
to leave. Wfe also give fi nancial help to old people 

from all backgrounds who wish ro stay in their 

own homes. 

Please help us to make old age the topw 
happy and con ten tedOme it should be. 

You really can be a friend. 

Do write to us- A 



The General Seortary. | rUk 

Etiends of the Elderly (Dept B ). 

42 Ebuzy Street. I \\ 


Telephone: 01-730 S263 OF THKELDEBP 

ScgtofemdCharltT number 226064 and GCQtkfalk's Hdp. 


OBEX - Oyster - perpetual 
ttay/dafe. 18 cl gold, Inc brac#- 
1M bidden ctaop. dtatnoml trartL 
£4.000. No offers. 0638 

FOR (Gar * A new general tater- 
«st magazine tor men. tocnaa 
6Qpg new (ashUn- gnxunlna A 
style (or Summer 86. Sera BOo 
to cover Mb) to MAi & SL 
John SL Umdoa EClM 4AA. 



■ ttot hin . ferity eauip. liuiualUtt. 
£STB pan tad. + phooe. TeM 01 

central Loudon Irani £32 6 gw. 
Bug Town Hse Atria 373 3*33 


b/*» o/ra In owner occ Me with 
dog. XBOOO pw tact TM Oi- 
406 9678taay)/T33 2498 WVfU) 
FLATMATES SMecttae Sharing. 
Wen otto tafKKhtctory service. 
Ptae tel tor appt 01-889 6*91. 
315 Broowon Rom. SW3 
sham large lux man. O/R. gas 
C/H. £300 pan. Teh Ol 482 
1081 after 6 pm or wpofcend. 
PUTNEY M/T 27+ O/R W Itausa 
with patio garden a mod cons. 
6 urine Tutor/ r,^s. £200 pan 
InM. TM: Ol 874 0069 
UNFMELL PARK MftR Lor eunny 
na to SD4C well fUrnMwri lux 
flal tor grad- ch. £20Oban 
«xc>. Phooe: 01-263 6607 
EM Prof n/r id atara nodon 
lawn beiue. MM 20s o/r £45 
PW. 069161 2386 an 7X0. 
taper O/R in lux (JaL Nr tube. 
£47 pw. TM: 01-740 4996. 
SW if. F to share hse 2 others. 
Cdn. £180 pan tad- TM: OI- 
228 067* rm/WtndL 

ttttd UfcWL skgaC 23 It 
(baaing roam, to C .H. Ac- 
C8MB gates. Long tea. 

Fat mrartakcWMS 
SIHStT n 4S8 2300 DAT 
8732 752S7 EVE 




Concmang i majnfeert IquW. 1 

tedti a caUnbal rafaog (30 K 
M4. and ufloe owftMm) : 
pBuy. Sfidtag dans tt pa&o 
0*tten. 3 beds, (master Kft bah 
arty ntfenaa wens tntf London 
skrue). 2 tetta + Uassos fl 
; wtti tagti pressure shower 
pat®), {fcs 1 ammstzin 
fca. cfetea mom. modem 
UcOen/a^taL AS amenMS- 
toqL StflsRf astsm. Mr 
auras. Setiuded. (deal far adff- 
takmg. Uusl be seen to M 
apt pwatad. 

01-883 9931 iqfU 


Luxury Pen mouse mal- 
sonette wftli oautaodiaa 
views of London & atrlpte 
aspect reception tad pri- 
vate roof terrace In a 
beautiful Victorian resi- 
dence close to West End. 2 
wcs. !ge bauirm. igt 
I kUctien. Low MUSotnsa & 
comm gardens. Freehold. 

£225(000 OHO 

Tet 01-722 2477 


brt OaL 1 bed 22*x 13 1 . raoep 
irx i r. ur 14-x J5* wgh mb 
shored gdn. parking, tease 82 
years. £99.980. 01-62* 9006. 


• t 



A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 




for the 

un Ooutt-Wausttw 35 mlnp. 
Madon Oeotfan Mw Mnm tat 
eactashw snsn neveUgcrMUL 
seUn 4 acres of the a tWHil ri 
muBds Of CamMCs vnu. next 
to Bushy Park, surtraank. 2 
MKoom (1 aisuitML funtwr 
bedroom or study A bathroom 
or unity room on (pound Boor. 
Obcn pirn 32 toot tounge/- 
dtamg room, known, double 
uror. nS gas Of- £ 1 79.9£a 
TM: 01-979 0734- 


Esax/fwrau rogocrs 

spoctata carefidbr converted 
I7ai c cottage. 3 H kd ro om s . 
garage, attractive * otre gar- 
den. In the region of £74.00 
TO: Estes Ootne 2774. 

■umhhelui'* bum mi nr* t - 

Luxury new 4 bedroom beach 
vuta next is MsibeUa CtUb - 
Aunt CIGOpw. Tft (06284) 
72639 or (0734)343402- 

FOR SALE. Vht spacknto town 
house. Lm Alton de MniheBh. 3 
bed. 3 bain. Spectacular views 
S69JSOO. (0273) 300888- 


ten tan", oris. MwWn gm 
hstba nvn gritai Isa 3 yis. Ov» 
tiOOOO spsra no enfihe Mbsil to 

KriW Ssrooi kgnntt ortf !>S X 
wk idol t**« srawte M 

- , ‘ 
l ■, a* ;i ‘ 

- You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 930 a.m. to 1-00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-481 4000. 




Tel 01-488 8738 dep m 
32B 1922 rvM/w'onds 



S Registration. Scot Pine. ' 
excellent coalition. Meticu- 
lously maintained. 75,000 , 


Tri: 01-486 8738 days 
328 1922 eves/w’ends 


units CARL. Far the beu n*- 
donwide cash buyers. Phone 
LM1B Norfolk OM3 407766m. 


NOTICE to hereby erven gunmnl 
|o *27 Of Uw TRUSTEE Act. 1925 
llul any Denon laving a CLAIM 
against or an INIEftEST In Die 
ESTATE of any or the deceased, 
person's wttoae names, address™ 
and drusmuooa are set oid below 
H hervbr mwlrM lo send oarur- 
ulars in wriung or bto Mum or 
biterosl to me person or persons 
mentioned » rsdotton to the de- 
ceased Person conc e rned before 
the date semllrtr after wtolcn 
data me estate or the defeated 
will be dtotrtbuted by the pereoual 
n am a n aUteT tonobg Die - per-" 

sons emitted thereto having 
regard only to me. ctaum and. in. . 
uresis or which they bate had 

BALATKA- EHSABew-of 39- 
Wtncnntrr Hour. Beaufort 
Street. LoofionS VS, .(rttord. 
cook, died on 20m April 1 985. 
Parttcutaro to HERBERT 
VANDYK. SoHcHora (or the Al- 
Ksrncy Albnlnmnitor of 30 
Cognnafl Avenue. Londo n EC2R 
7JH i REF: PTl on or before 8m 

business services 

pert) Oat (uny furn and romp- 2 
AK bedrs. I«e lounge, tat 6 
HOi. Batcmo. Nice garden, 
own C/H and lei. Careful un- 
ant no Own. £l 30 n.w. Tier 
01-794 3694. 

«■"«*» SW> FMudoo* F/F 1 
Bedrm (laL reeep. and Kit with 
washsmactv E126.QQ pw. 
roxcd. avail tea m ed- T6U238 
9641 (Wl SSI 6208 <H) 
Sunny gp nn e sa i bed. 

- washer /dryer £136 . per 

wk-TeL Ol BS9 6988 
DOCKLANDS Houses ad Bate 
Ibmughau bm Docktanas area. 
Docklands Progeny Centre Ol 


From £200 pw Ol 244 7353- 
KmiPriu i uw uriaifw wl lux 
i ante B e d ioom 0*1. Lge Recep. 
if 1 & Fuoy /mushed. £170 
pw. AvaU now. Co Let only . 
Trl. 01-629 7777 Ext 3234 or 
243 0803 

■E CENTS PARK. Staperh SC 2 
oed flat. Lower pro d Boor. » 
oiagodlccni Nash Me. Exotta 
surly (mtatard and eauipped. 
3/6 man ms- £286 pw. Co. leL 
Day 278 9697: eves 723 6624. 

MlUttl Lovely pentose flat-. 1 

dot bdr.. Lounge. KRh. Bth 
rm/Wc. roof patta. £120pw. 
Mr. PaHTSOa: 748 0632 ih)236 
9081 wi 

■AKMCAM dupfox piahonefM. 
I brt. company let £210 
PW.tnc OI 755 2208 

Uve l bed iw. Batanov. £JiO 
pw. 01-362 1972 attar 6 pra. 

LAMA 607 9381. Setecttan of 
lux u n ou * flats/houKs from 
£180 - XSOO. 

RE G ENTS PARK - Overlooking, 
lux mod rum stndu. k&b. 
£135 gw. 01-437 7519. 
R1CRMOND/KEW. 4 '5 beds. 
nsoaernFum. town house. Fbr 
BO ter. £296 pw 01-9*7 1666 
TAKE YOUR FKK of toe best 
Onto, duplex A Imxbs tn Lon- 
don - 689 6481 CT). 

WZ 3 bed hpidshrd matotawne. 

company tet. £200 pw InM hot 
water & eh. Oi 62* 8306. 



mflBuu sm oi soo 

776S/8M 4456 CC 01 3T3 

6066/6433. 741 9999. Cm Ol 
8363962. Moo-Frt 8 00, Wed Mat 
3 00. San 6.00 6 BJO. 

wmmuum toe 3oag_ccsn 

6565- 379 6433/741 9999. Cm 
836 3962- Eves a MM Toe 3. 

Sad 6.30 A 8-30 

The Australian Otzabcuum 
Ttven Trust production Of 



An Eximuttoa of alternative scal- 
ing. and a wwe selection of 
back car* products, is open at 
The Rash Stop. 1*2 Brampton 
Rd. London SW3. TM 01 225 

1829. Ota on regitesL 

Derfnq si W. I. J jfcb n e t Mm- 
taara 01-499 41oa 
RftWrfiflif* •wr f ff* 1 - 1 toy 
D ican Oefere. 03. 01-63B 
4141. UotO 20 Jutyi CECIL 
.- REATOM, lint iredor retrospec- 
uvewnh over 700 phoHiipauhs. 
drawings, wmra . metnor a - 
bOlB. Adm £2 A El. Tues-SM 

lOam-6.-4£pm. SUO dr 0 HtU 
124.45pm. Ctaead Miad e ys . 

except B. Hois. _____ 

WORLD: A U eeas. RCaga tad 
Gtabes. Unto 6 May. WkdiglO- 
5. Sun- 2.300- Adm. Free. 
Closed 5 May 
The I Wkii Face ef Manet 
umn is June mou-Sm io-s sur 
2-6 Adm £1.50 Con Kto 

raw ART CENTRE. 4 1 StoaneSl . 
SWI. 01 235 8844 BRfnSH 
SCULPTUBIl I960 - 1965. 

Mon-Fri 10-6: Sal 113. 

til June 6. (Ol 235 64641 27 

Lowndes Street. SWI 


Hooton SL BtacWnere Lo ndon 
SE1. 928 7521. ALBERT 

- ttO OPWI H RW» rl 8*6-1932) 
130 malar work rram p Hvase 
roUectta w, sponsored by MM 
BEETLES LTD 30U) May - 6m 
July. Turn - Sal 165 Sun 2-6 
Adm £1. Con 50p. 




I hr creditor* of toe aoove-nanied 
Company, which to being votun- 
tarty wound up. nr* nwmed. on 
or before the 4th day of JULY. 
1986. to tend in their rail Quls- 
UBti a nd au mamti . ■ , t^tor 

. nornouSm of Ihelr debts er 
ctsUta. and The names and ad- 
dresses or mnr Botmtore ( B any]. 
M thr UBdertapned IAN-PETER- 
PHOi-IPS FCA of Arthur Ander- 
sen A Co. P O Bus 65. 1 Surrey 
•ShT*L London- We2fe.gWT-the 
Liouidstw of me said Company. 

. and. U So required by nouc* In . 
writing Irora toe said LfiiUKlafor. 
are.. personally or by toetr sotiff- 
lon. to come in tend aw Jhetr. 
dehto or Matins at such tune and 
Mace as shall be ipecned In such- 
nonce, or In defauU thereof tnor 
Wtu Or excluded Iron) toe henefll 
of any OMrttxiTlon nude before 
such defat * are Proved. 

DATED m» 22nd day or may 



lit today's mod e m age of advwtsd communicati ons can 
your company afftmi to lort budUB bv not having IWMT»- 
and ttiexT sairoucn* lnduKries mptriy. (naali. service 
and train ooeratore tn machines, oa out- 

right purchase. least, or rental nadonwida. 

For tartar tatonraH« SB hos i gtt g taMriaalld , 01- 

Ptoradflty. Wl Ol 734 9062 
Open oariy 106 me. Sun 
iredured rata Sun. until 1 .45) 


Sro tll «fflwcBiF»ai 

or nos 

£2.50. £1.70 cone, rata 
re booting Ol 741 9999 


CAECA OMEMA 361 3742 
Kings Road (Nearesi rube 
sxune SOL RAN U5V Film at 
1.30. 4.40. 7.S6. Seats 

Bookable for eve pert. Access 

499 3737 FtaSI Can 24Kr 7 Day 
cc 240 7200 few Fee) Maggie 
SmfUi. Denholm OHotL Judl 
Dench in A ROOM WITH A 
View (PG) Fltan at 1-30 iNot 
Sum 345. 6.10 ft 840 Seals 
triad* at £4.60 to advance (or 
8.40 pert (tally ft 6.10 on Sri* 



UUMUlKE OMR* 379 3014/ 
836 0691 St MtrenT Lane. 
WC2 (Leicester So tun**. Derek 
Jarman's Rta winning CARA- 
VAGGIO 1 18). Film at 100. 
a 53. 4-50. 6-56. 9.00. Lit Bar. 


DEVILS 116) S«> progs Sun 
4.30. 7.3a WkS 2.I& 6 . 0 a 
8-46. Lair Night Show Sat 
11.30pm- AH seats bookable m 
advance- Access . and Visa 
trtrp l to n* boofctoos welcome 


1930 6111) Mo 930 4250/ 
ERLY MLLS 115) Sep PW. 
Doors open natly 200. 500. 
s oo. Late Nigtu Show Fn ft 
Sat Doors open 11.15pm. AD 
progs b o otodrie tn advance. 
CredH Card Hot Une 
lAccess/Vtoa/AinExi 839 
1929. 24 hour service- £2-00 
seals available Monday all 

IBLErPG) Sep progs ooorsngoi 
DMty 1 15. 3.36. 5 55. 8.16. 
Reduced prices for Under 16k. 
Student cart Holden. UB40 
holders. OAPT 

REHCNR BS7 8402 opp RutaMI 
So Tube 

1. a goes Varda's VAGABONDS 
(151. Film al 2-10. 420. 6.30. 

2. Sconesek AFTER HOURS 
1 161. Flten al 2-26. 4.55. 645. 

9 00. 

SEATS BOOKABLE eve perfs. 

Access/ Vba. 


226 3620. Martin Bco rarafs 
Cannes pnewuixr AFTER 
HOURS IlSt 2-66. 450. 7.00. 
9 00. Seats b oo kab l e m 

SCRCCM ON THE HEL 435 3366. 
OnciH closed for repairs. Re- 
opens Frt June 6 wi th lhe 
Oscar-wtnnfng TRtF TO 


SdweL WCl Perm mint dts- 
. may. ot famous raanuaripts. 

bookajnops -Stamps. Music. 
Mon-Sal 10-5 Sundays 2-80 - 6 
■ Adm -free. 

Rntet' lta rita ^ tof Rtartte ot 

SothebyV (pedal preview ot Ma 
nn* PatoUnm and Works of Art. 
taka ptae* T wn wr flw. 1st June 
12 Noon-awn in Ihetr lame Oaller- 
tes at 34.-30 New Bond sc. 
London wia SAA. saw dale: 
Tuesday 3rd Jimcai lO. 30am and 

The National Museum of Art ft 
Dedtai. 6- Kensington. Wkdys. 
IO - 5 SO Sum. 250 - ifiO. 
aosrt Fridays. Recocded info 
on spccbi evnKMuons ft dugusn 

Ol- 681-4894. 

Thr Natnnai MtBcum of Art ft 
OatoP-S- KenungtOh- Wkdys. 
10 - 8. DO Sum. 2.30 - 550. 
CbMoa Fridays, R e corded Info 
on special exMttdons ft dlssUys 
01- 581-4894; ■ 

Law Report May 3 1 1986 

No public interest 
immunity for 
adoption files 

Regina v Bournemouth Jus- 
tices, Ex parte Grey 
Same v Same, Ex parte Rodd 
Before Mr Justice Hodgson 
[Judgment given May 231 

There was no public interest 
immunity attaching to the 
information obtained and the 
documents prepared by an 
adoption agency, approved 
pursuant to the Children Act 
1975, where those matters, ob- 
tained by a social worker of the 
agency in respect of the possible 
adoption of the child of an 
I unmarried couple, were sought 
in affiliation proceedings be- 
tween the couple. 

Accordingly, the justices had 
acted correctly in issuing a 
witness summons, under sec- 
tion -97(1) of the Magistrates' 
Courts Act 1980. directing the 
social worker to attend the 
affiliation proceedings. 

Mr Justice Hodgson so held in ' 
the Queen's Bench Division 
when be refused the application 
of Robin Grey, a social worker 
of an approved adoption 
agency, for an order of certiorari 
to quash the witness summons 
issued by the Bournemouth 
Justices, dated August IS. 1985. 
requiring bis attendance in 
affiliation proceedings to be 
heard before them between 
Anita Rodd and . Robert 

Miss Rodd also applied for 
certiorari to quash the summons 
and mandamus directed to the 
justices to issue the summons to 
Mr Grey not only to attend to 
give evidence but also to pro- 
duce a documenL 

Miss Judith Parker for the 
social worker, . Mr Steven 
Whitaker for Miss Rodd; Mr 
Robin Miller for the justices. 

in a reserved judgment, said that 
a child had been born to Miss 
Rodd who alleged that Mr 
Weaver was the father, he 
denkd paternity. 

She also said that prior to the 
birth of the child die and Mr 
Weaver had had discussions 
with a social worker at an 
adoption agency and that Mr 
Weaver had signed a form 
accepting that be was the father 
of the child. 

His Lordship said that, al- 
though the justices should not 
have determined on the applica- 
tion for them to issue a witness 
summons against the social 
worker, whether the social 
worker was entitled to claim 
immunity from giving evidence, 
there was no doubt that they 
were entirely right to issue the 
summons (see R v Greenwich 
Juvenile Court, Ex pane Green- 
wich London Borough Council 
((1977)76 LGR 99, 104)). 

It was agreed by all parties 
before the court that if a witness 
summons could be issued 

against the social worker there 
was nothing to prevent it indud- 
■ ing also an order to produce one 
: relevant document. 

Miss Parker's mam sub- 
missions were that the statutory 
requirements of confid e ntiality 
tsee regulation 14(1) of. the 
Adoption Agency Regulations 
(SI 1983 No 1964)) placed the 
information available to the 
adoption society's officers and 
the records of that society in the 
category of information pro- 
tected by public interest immu- 
nity, and that there was an 
analogy between information 
provided by a putative father to 
an adoption agency and 
information given by such per- 
sons as informants of the police 
or informants of the Customs 
and Excise. 

His Lordship said that a 
natural father had much to gain 
financially if the burden of 
maintenance was lifted from his 
shoulders by adoption if that 
was the course contemplated, so 
that it could not be envisaged 
that such a person was dis- 
suaded from admitting par- 
entage to an adoption agency 
because he knew that if he 
changed his mind and turned 
dishonest what he was then 
saying might be used against 
him. Thus, there was no accept- 
able analogy between his po- 
sition and informants. 

On the question of public 
interest immunity, h was clear 
from D v National Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Children (J1978J AC 171) that it 
could be raised otherwise than 
by and in a case involving the 

The cases relied on by Miss 
Parker, such as In re D (Infants) 
(T1970J I WLR 599). Gaskin v 
Liverpool City Council ([ 1 980] 1 
WLR 1549) and Campbell v 
Tameside Metropolitan Bor- 
ough Council {[ 1982] QB 1065), 
were cases where the immunity 
point was taken on discovery by 
the local authorities and the 

It might be that if an order for 
discovery of all the records 
relating to one case considered 
by the agency were sought it 
would be possible for the agency 
to claim immunity, but that was 
not the present case. 

Here, the evidence of the 
social worker and the single 
document he might produce 
were known to everyone, and 
the evidence would no doubt be 
given Miss Rodd at the hearing. 

There was no discernible 
public interest in the social 
worker's evidence being ex- 
cluded; on the contrary, if it was 
excluded a grave injustice might 

Solicitors: Devonshires; Bur- 
ton Yeates & Hart for Colin Bell 
& Co, Bournemouth; J. M. B. 
Turner, Bournemouth. 

Mathematical formula 
is not apt in 
fixing work pattern 

Flack and Others v Kodak Ltd 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Parker and Lord Justice Woolf 
[Judgment given May 22 J 

Where an employee had 
worked intermittently in an 
irregular pattern over a number 
of years, an industrial tribunal 
ought to have regard to all the 
circumstances over the whole 
period of employment in 
ascertaining, under paragraph 
9(IXh) of Schedule 13 to the 
Employment Protection 
(Consolidation) Act 1978, 
whether the breaks in the two 
years prior to dismissal were 

It was not correct amply to 
look at each break in relation to 
the adjoining periods of employ- 
ment or to apply a mathematical 
formula in determining whether 
there had been continuity of 
employment for the two-year 
period required by section 81 of 
the 1978 Acl 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
employers. Kodak Lid, from the 
decision of the Employment 
Appeal Tribunal (Mr Justice 
Peter Gibson, Mr R Robson 
and Miss A. P. Vale), who on 
July 30. 1985 (J1985) ICR 820) 
allowed an appeal by Jacqueline 
Flack and five other employees 
from the decision of the indus- 
trial tribunal on September 17, 
1984, that they were not eligible 
to redundancy payments be- 
cause they had not been 
continuously employed for two 

Mr Alexander Irvine. QC and 
Mr Michael Supperstone for the 
employers; Mr Patrick Elias for 
the employees. 

ROLLS, concurring with the 
judgments of Lord Justice 
; Woolf and Lord Justice Parker, ■ 
said that in reliance on the 
speech of Lord Diplock in Ford 
j v Warwickshire County Council 
{[1983] 2 AC 71. S3) the 
industrial tribunal had sought to 
determine whether each break 
in the employment of each 
employee during the two years 
prior to their dismissal could be 
“characterized as short rel- 
atively to the combined dura- 
tion or the two adjoining 
periods of employment. 

In so doing, they had ex- 
pressed the relationship be- 
tween each break and its 
adjoining periods of employ- 
ment as a percentage of the 
combined duration of those 
periods of employment. 

The trap into which the 
tribunal fell, as other courts had 
done before them, was to regard 
speeches in the House of Lords 
as having the force and purpose 
of statute (aw and to pay 
insufficient regard to the context 

of the appeal in which those 
speeches were delivered. 

Continuity of employment 
for the purposes of the 1 978 Act. 
with consequential rights to. 
redundancy payments and 
compensation for unfair dis- 
missal, was of considerable im- 
portance to employees. 

Actual continuity of employ- 
ment was often an unachievable 
goal due to sickness, injury, 
short-time working or tem- 
porary lay-offs. 

The Acl sought to extend the 
factual concept of continuity of 
employment to cover situations 
which might otherwise lead to a 
finding dial continuity had been 

Under section 1 Si, the issue 
whether the intermittent peri- 
ods of employment were to be 
treated as forming a single 
period of continuous employ- 
ment fell to be determined in 
accordance with Schedule 13. 

From paragraph 9(1), which 
was crucial, two points emerged. 
First, the unit of employment 
was the week. 

It followed that the tribunal 
had erred in approaching the 
matter on the basis of days, 
rather than weeks. 

Second, what had to be 
considered was not a temporary 
absence from work caused by a 
cessation of work, but an ab- 
sence from work caused by a 
temporary cessation of work. 

The leading authority on 
paragraph 9 was not Ford's case, 
but Fitzgerald v Nall. Bussell tf 
Co Ltd ([1 970] AC 984). There, 
the House of Lords decided that 
the “work” referred to in para- 
graph 9 was that of the employee 
and not the employer, and that 
“temporary” necessarily in- 
volved questions of fact and 

Ford’s case concerned a 
teacher employed on a long 
series of fixed-term contracts. 
The question whether the breaks 
in employment were temporary 
had not been in issue. 

The issue had been whether it 
mattered that those periods h*d 
been bounded by fixed-term 
contracts, and it had been held 
that it did noL 

The matter should be remit- 
ted lo the industrial tribunal for 
reconsideration in the light of 
their Lordships’ judgments and 
of the decision of the House of 
Lords in Fitzgerald's case rather 
than Ford's. 

The tribunal should bear in 

mind that while the only breaks 
in employment which were 
relevant to the issue of redun- 
dancy were those which oc- 
curred during the two years 
immediately prior to dismissal, 
the characterization of those 
breaks as temporary or other- 
wise might be affected by the 
whole history of the employ, 

Solicitors: Bristows, Cooke & 
-Garpmael; Pattmsort & Brewer. 















i i 

I ; 


I , 
. i 













Sylvan Express to speed in 

By Mandarin 

Philip Mitchell, that veisa- 
™ and enterprising trainer 
from Epsom, can capture an- 
other of Newmarket's main 
pnzes today, the Holsten Dial 
Pus Handicap, with bis attrac- 
tively-weighted Sylvan 

After a promising pipe- 
opener in Sandown’s Esher 
Cup, Sylvan Express reap- 
peared at Newmarket on 
2,000 Guineas day and under 
the strong driving of the 
promising apprentice, Garv 
Carter, outpaced a competi- 
tive field for the seven-furlong 
Ladbrokes Handicap. 

The form of that race has 
worked out particularly well, 
with the runner-up. Fleet 
Form, going on to land the 
valuable Norwesi Holst Tro- 
phy at York, and the fourth 
and fifth placed horses. Native 
Oak and Wesham, also scor- 
ing since. 

Mitchell has gone on record 
as saying that Sylvan Express, 
who showed great improve- 
ment as a juvenile towards the 
end of last season with nursery 

victories at Ascot and New- 
market. is potentially the best 
horse he has trained. 

Certainly, his charge is still 
leniently handicapped, having 
been raised only 41b for the 
Newmarket success, and the 
one reservation is that the 
Baptism coll now tackles six 
furlongs against some sea- 
soned sprinters, such as Luna 
Bid and Roaring Riva. 

Those two rivals, however, 
have plenty of weight and a 
bigger danger to my selection 
lurks near the bottom of the 
handicap, the Lester Piggott- 
trained Latch String, who 
opened her account by catch- 
ingGlikiaa Mou in the last few 
strides at Thirsk. But Sylvan 
Express is napped to complete 
a double. 

Guy Harwood, so much in 
the news recently with his 
Derby permutations, runs 
Gerald Leigh's well-bred new- 
comer, Flashdance, a full sis- 
ter to Prince Hab by Habitat 
in the opening Holsten Diat 
Pils Maiden Stakes. However, 
slight preference is for the 
Michael Stoute-trained Find- 
ing. a well-grown Final Straw 

colt who has been catching 
the eye recently on the New- 
market gallops. 

No matter how Flashdance 
fares, Harwood is unlikely to 
leave the meeting empty- 
handed as El Coaqaistador, by 
Shirley Heights out of a half- 
aster to the Cesarewitch win- 
ner Mountain Lodge, is bred 
to relish every yard of the 1 %- 
mile Matthew Dawson Maid- 
en Slakes and this promising 
colt is expected to make a 
winning debut at the expense 
of Paul Cole's Actinium, who 
shaped well on his reappear- 
ance behind Rosedale at Bath 

Kempton's evening meeting 
serves up the most interesting 
contest of the day when Henry 
Cecil's pair. Faustus and 
Brave Owen, do battle against 
Michael Stoute's highly re- 
garded Truely Nureyev. Fao- 
stns gamely won Newbury's 
Greenham Stakes before fail- 
ing to get in a blow at Dancing 
Brave when eighth in the 
2.000 Guineas and may have a 
fitness edge over Truely Nure- 
’, who has to miss the first 


because of a 

Dolka makes her eagerly- 
awaited seasonal reappear- 
ance in the Venus Fillies"’ 
Stakes. She won plenty of 
admirers with her Newmarket 
victory last term and this 
daughter of Shergar, although 
slow in coming to hand tins 
spring, should make up for 
lost time at the expense of the 
Arundel filly. Argon Laser. 

After his excellent second to 
State Budget in the London 
Gold Cup at Newbury, Lord 
Derby's High Tension can 
outstay Pochard in the King- 
fisher Handicap, while at 
Thirsk the course winner, 
Creeager, looks an attractive 
proposition for the Bet With 
The Tote Handicap. 

Finally, Oliver Sherwood, 
the Upper Lam bo urn trainer, 
can end the National Hunt 
season, which concludes to- 
day, on a high note by 
claiming the final champion 
hunters' chase, the Horse and 
Hound Cup,with his progres- 
sive eigbt-year-old, 
Beamwam, despite the pres- 
ence of Eliogarty and Culm 

DoJfca, who won her only race at Newmarket last season, makes her delayed seasonal reap- 
pearance in this evening's Yen ns Fillies’ Stakes at Kempton 

Rosedale *- 

is best 

of British 

ago. looks the *** nnechamp 
faces a much 

JSjgS under i?W« in * ; 


over seven furlongs. 

Highest Honm. rangygS 
Fast TOpoze in the Poule d 
ST PoKns (French -0j» 

“SlSter (Tony Mumy) 

wit) be die 

in Germany when she con 
longs) at Baden-Baden lomor- 
tests the £37,229 added **««“[ 

Emilio Turali (eight 

San Sire. Milan. . tonjggJ 

heads a promising ino of Bnusn 

nmners in Italy this weekend. 


Televised: 1.30, 2 JO, Z3Q 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

1.30 HOLSTEN DIAT PUS MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £4,438: 1m) (30 

























M AUHTTAIUm (H ALMaktoun)C Benaead 941. 
0 AS3EER (PnnoB A Faoal) H Cedi 9 ~ 

BALTMISJUSAIJC St George) LCumam 94_ 
BEAU SHQ1 (Q Zlwairi) B ranbvy 90 . 
CHUCKLESTONE (A Pettier) O Urg 90 

David 1 

B Roma 3 
. W Ryan IQ 

FARAJUL1AH (B Hamoud) G Hutfar 9C. 
FMDWQ (P Wetzafl M Stout* 941. 

I Eddery (7) 28 



te MUter 4 

... AKMmfay12 

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED (Lord McA^Wne) P Cindeti 9-0 N Adana 19 

0 JARYANfltALSaxflJHoidtay 90 MNB*2 

MAJAJWED (USA) (Makroixn Ai Maktounil B Hantxxy 90 P Cook 23 

MUR HAF (USA) (Stofcti Mohammed) M Stoute 90 MGtes(7)1B 

02- MLAHBM(HH Am Khan) R Johnson Houston 94 SCeottoiS 

RAF (FH) (SnaAti MohamrnBd) J Dlriop 9-0 J tod 15 



Johnson Houston 94 


. ONE (tatefiktodsttaPIC) A Stewart 90— 

RENO RALPH (USA) (J OrfteOG Buffer 94. NGtetona (7) 29 

RWARTfTOIRokAiateUtQPKateaayM) PM Eddery 30 

0 SELLITkn!TOYtCK*0rtGKunBr94 GSertoel 

SHERZAD (H H Aga Khan| M Stouta 94 WRS*toum2S 

USFAN (USA) (Prwe A Fasafl J Durtop 94 TlUal 

0- CAPTAINS JADE (BMcEhertJTaBer 0-11 PRofckaoo27 

OH- EMERALD WAYE (USA) (Mrs W Tartar) R Armstrong B-1 1 T Luca* 14 

HJU9flMNCE(GtoghJGHanroad811 GStwtty21 

30 KMGHTY OfA (USA) (M FiStOk) L Ptggotl 8-11 BOosstoyl? 

0 MORQANA (Mrs D MacGitycuddy) WWuwxi 

REPORT ■» (USA) (F Las) MJann 8-11 

43- SEA POWER (R Hortngsworth) W Hem 8-11 

mUNDEROOW (USAffE SMzan 0 Oourti B-1 1 
TRAVEL MAGIC (R Patrick! B tiaiftuy 8-11 

8 - 11 . 

_ Tims 22 

WALK ON AIR (D VWktanstan) O Doueb 8-11 . 

_ W Carson G 
_R Machado 7 

R Cochrane 11 

7-2 IWanttar, 9-2 Sherzad, 1i-2Rai, 7-1 BeauSher. 10-1 Fbshdance, Rnrtng. 12- 
1 Ameer, BaWws. 14-1 Murtiaf. 16-1 Sea Ponwr. 20-1 others. 

;4309. good to soft. Oct Sl.SELUT 

... W0t (J Uluuiul Ium9tosnd Georgia Rtwer(94) 

it Nottmqham (1m. £3027. good to soft. May 13. 15 Ran). EMERALD WAVE (8-11) 4KI 
llh to Alnyna (B-1 1 ) at Lexestar (71. £824. Finn. Oct 21 . 12 Raid. SEA POWER <8*)7KI 
W to Son^^^^at Ascot (6f. £8259. «mu Ssp 28. 9 rat 

Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Finding. 2.0 Andanis. 2.30 SYLVAN EXPRESS (nap). 3.0 
Northern Gunner. 3 JO Mansooj. 4.5 El Conquistador. 4.35 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.30. RevarL 2.0 Andanis. 2.30 Latch String. 3.0 Northern Gunner. 

3.30 AlkadL 4.5 Marie Galante. 4J5 Vague Melody. 

Michael Seely's selection 2J0 SYLVAN EXPRESS (nap). 

2 ja HOLSTEN EXPORT LAGER HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4,721: 1m 21) (8) 





100243 AMMing(Cl<MrsHCan4Hn B|Johnfte GaraMB-7. TLueaa 7 

“k BirinijanssasAnasr 

304- ANZERE 

207 023014 MASHHURWAM*akiqunoPWah»p»6 

209 MI-40 AIRCMiraStCaptM lanns)C Bnaaft8-1 

210 021031- KERRY MAY 9NQ (M Baxtar) M Ryan BO- 

211 42-1242 FQflCELLO (USA) (Britten TTmraugndnid B 

OSPatEddary 1 


- ParA Eddery 2 

42-1242 FQRCELLO (USA) (BriUMi Thorou^itrad Re) S Norton 7-12 S Dawson (§6 
9-2 Moon Madness. 3-1 Andanis. 4-1 Jannslu. 6-1 MasMw. 8-1 ForeMto. 10-1 
Atramitm. 12-1 others. 

FOR* ANOART1S (9-7) 31 3rd o* 10 to London Bus (7-12} at York (tm 11. 0246. good. 
May 13) FORCELLO (7-7) was hd back hi *». JANfiW (8-12) Dm SB when 4 tti M AHez 
Mtfoeg 18-121 ai Goodwood nm4t. El 6934. heaxy. May 21. 8ranLMOOMMADHESB (9- 

tmw. previously (9-4) 2' -\ 4th of 6 u Bowl Over (8-121 ai Satfetxiry (im. E2S45. good 
soft. Apr 91 KERRY MAY SING (8-12) V.B Pontefract wamer front Khaki Narak (9-7) (ini, 
£2130. good to ram. Oct 14. 21 Ran). 

"iillcHntc MOON VAR MPRS 

2J0 HOLSTEN DIAT PILS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £12,486: 6 *) (14) 

008440 ROARING WYA (0) (A FekH W Musscn 9-7 M Wl^iam3 


303 130420 LUNA BtD(C-C)|A Hal) M Btanshard 94 

304 214040 LOCHOMK^i^lMw M Jannsl A Jarva »2 

R Cochrane t2 
— TtveaB 



(USA) (Lord Matthews! I Mamaws 9-1 — d Starkey 9 

■ ‘ - -m ** S WWraSi 1 

W Caraon 10 

Pst Eddery S 

310 0021141 SYLVAN EXPRESS (Mrs R Johnson P MathoH 8-2 AMc^nert 

311 1034-12 MBWO N MELCMY (DMBF) (J Sn wh) R Sf yapwr 7-1J ; T1 Wgaw> 4 

312 204310 BERTIE WOOSTBimj (H*U A Racing) L ftfwott 7-1 1 H L Tho— a 2 

313 000-120 COPPEKMILL LAD (Mrs J SargOQO) J HoW J -WU-. .^ MArkna ij 

314 40024-1 LATCH STWG (Mrs B Rrestone) L fh gotl 71 0_. BCntaala ^13 

316 311040 AIH)ESSUS(Siw*h Ah ADul Kharon) J WnNr 7-9 SD awwtn fflg 

• 100424 STRIVE (B)(0) (A Ke#y) M Blanshard 7-& — CRaBar(5|7 




Sylvan Express. 7 2 Merdon Metody. 95 Latch Swig. 11-2 Oh Boyar. 0-1 
sTavourtte. 10-1 Berw Wooster. 12-1 Copperttai Lad. 14-1 others. 


(9^ (BI.E6659 

2. IIS ruifi). wvAfinivNJj: iikkiw 

J^ 7 «JAftHYV1LLE 


k aaaa88Sttaa»mgir 

0HO40 pScip» (B> cw" PAtiarsonl K Ivory 9-1 

SwoS^i m (O/wan o A«a 8-11 — 


■042 SHARPTUKWlFa^wi^WiI 
OMW LABCHg lMp. P Atlnns) m Ryan 8-9 _ ■ ■ 



Past Eddery 4 
. P Cook 12 


, PBan«*idmi5 

“oooS TpUOf TWE SAO. (J BtacWonw) M Tonikire 84 RCochrane l 

MISS TONILEE (K&wbi D H J3nes 89 

nm m« TOfflLLt <r imiBi u n janes 0-3 " , ■ 10 

DUW I^ORAY HAMILTON (BHHam toi Und erwntwg) PM MiWiNi 84. J RaM T 

OfrMO BANDYANN (Mrs D Bracket) PMUdiatl 84 _P»lEddery9 

004 CHEAL (P Hatcnan M Iknclitrne 96 flSSSie 

Si swi#raafflatfffriL==a!£.i 

Js Bxsawrarr ”== issa 

3-1 Bantfyann. 4-1 Soho Sue. 92 Sharg ja raa. 9 1 My Cup Of Tea. 7-1 Mtss 
toe Gunner. KM Peropm.12-1 others. 

) FELIX LEACH STAKES (2-Y-O: £2355: 61) (6) 

LOCKTON (A Gflsont J Hook 1 8-t I 

3 maMOOI (K ATSakf) N CaiWjnan 8-11 

oS*L^MJonWW Brooks 8-11 


lSoSSn CAG fflom r - mSRl 


IM Mansooj. 7-2 French Sonnet. Aim*.. 6-1 Mater Coin. «M i»*ton. o- 


G~ Harwood 9-oT.!!!Z!ir“'G Sw£y I 

***•" ■■ - oirfMi m II f-HMi li f*snrtn B fl 

P H Jows} H Candy 9-0 

1C Coryl R Voor^xiy 90^- 

Monammed) J Otawp 94 . 

040 LAW 

1 gp»icr- 

T Wkfiama? 
Pai Eddery 2 

300-Z32 MARC GALANlt (H aoucherj C Bftnam 8-1 { P Rotation 4 

2-1 e Qyquafa dor.3-1 A crawffl. 4-1 Mane Gttnte. 6-1 Zaqer. 10-1 Duwarto, 
(Jrw CdurL 75-1 Ptfocroft- 

, rTcSSd MARSH HANDICAP (£2,467: 1m) (20) 

« i c 


133009 WLDHOPC 

102000/ DICK f Bcnn ir rtgg«l M HatcMfte 699 

JSS SSSSS 3 !S!SS^~^== 


_ G Sexton 18 

. ft Lines <3)7 

— BRoweS 

L Jones ^) 11 

ISSi VAfflffiMELODY Of) (A L ftggott 44-7 WRSwathe«13 

H aBKSSfflBsaassatzriBBi 

!HS 2JZ STSaVww imiHm ■ Fwan-41 p Cimm VA-iS . .... PM Eddery 2 

i+M T1 W8 e ma 15 

. N Adams 19 

1 7-84 P RoOmaoa 18 

kSS& S jj 

B ROOABAY (J Granpl G Vmvt 5-7-13 A SfmdO ffl « 

S tOEOUGU (fl Boncpi A Hato 4-7-9 R Maneffl j 

OHIO AVENTWO (B) |A Snami J Sutcktfe 3-7-9 

^! pLn M0NT1CELU (AL*S C Brcstsn C Bnran 6-7-7 Traey Want ft) 4 

,, samhaaa 7-2 Vague Metody. 92 Foraiatune. 7-1 Omenswn. B-l mat Haro. 
Vh$s Monroe. 12-1 No CfOdftHdy. 14-1 spring Pursuit 16-1 others. 

B QUAUTAIR PflfMCE (Ot f«ia6t*r Emyneetingf M Ryan J 
M14I0 WMEJISI0N(S)(I>1(8F) (M Ingraml Mis N SflVth443 - 


Going: good to firm 

Draw: high numbers 5f-6f, low numbers 7f aid 

2.15 SKIPTON SELLING STAKES (2-y-a £1 .178: 5f) 
(15 runners) 

1 00 00RMESTDNE LAD R Stotts 8-11 —14 

2 004 FIVE SUES NTHder 8-11 SI 


4 00 GWYMTOOKM WEasterby8-11 . 

115 'BET WITH THE TOTE 1 STAKES (£4.181: 71) 

1 000- MAJOR DON 

2 430 VALLEY 

T Barron 994_. B MeGhV ^ 8 
A Stewed 44-1 M Roberta 9 

S 8213 HARRY'S COMNG (D) T FarturM^ ^ 

0 OXFOM) PLACE MWEesWtty 8-11 _ 



, _ «Hto*r(aj< 

12 SPITTOWCKmJ Berry 8-11 BTTiO*aen7 


QEF1TAUA W Wharton 84 
004 GLORY GOLD MBnSUft 04. 
GOUXHAN H Wharton 84 . 
0 PATELS GOLD H Jones 8-8 

K Dartsy 3 
D Metals 8 

001 ROSE DUET (D)T Barron 84 BMcGMI(7)5 

0 TIE WKTTC U0NG Harman 84 SDuffiMdlS 

4 010- TELWAAHfD) A . ... 

5 004 AW Ct — m W> (tQMreG Reraley, 

69-1 D LaaiMtar (5) 3 

6 400 HABS LAD raOUtng 44-12 RWarakam12 

8 400 MOORES Iki AL R I wMnshead 844 SPertn4 

10 029 SCOUTS8HSTAKC B McMahon 7-84 — G DafMd 13 

11 414 CRffiAGSI (OYf Wharton 44-4 NCartMat 

12 409 JOTRiLDAKSRmw Brooks 894 KDartoy2 

13 190 ARMITAGE (B) Fl Amtshong442 PTWkfi 

14 041 HOGHTS SEOTET pj) M H Easterby 

6-7-11 (tot) A Mackay 11 

15 -113 OLE TIMES (C-OVBF) WBsey 4-7-1 D JLowe14 

17 800 

19 009 QREETLAND DAMCSI S WtlBS 4-7-7 APreedfi 

5-1 Tehraah. H-2 Craeager, 91 Krtghte Secret. 7-1 Valley 
Mb. 91 Idle Tanes. 191 Moore s MettL 12-1 Scoutamtatake. 
3.45 E C BOUSFIELD CUP (3y-o: £3,402: 1m) (11) 

1 409 TRY KAROER Jmny FttzgeraU 87 GDMMdll 

G -320 KNYFE Waynes 3-3 

8 044 ffiCLUSIVE C TuiUer 810. 

Mck. 10930 ktari^^qorrdng. 4-1 RosetkjeL 

11-4 __ 

11-2 Rve Sixes. 91 Pateie Gobi 
Glory GoW. 291 others. 

Lad. 14-1 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 SpiUin Mick. 2.45 God's Isle. 3J5 Creeager. 

3.45 Arrow Express. 4.15 Polly Daniels. 4.45 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.45 Tufuh. 3.15 Telwaah. 3.45 Arrow Express. 

4.15 Northern Chimes. 4.45 Nabras. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.15 Creeager. 


13 400 CUMBR IAN HU O (B) M H Eaatartiy 83 HBMI 

14 284 MXE0METBI BHBb 82 RKb4 

15 402 ARROW EXPRESS (USA)« R ArnBKJ^^^^^^ 

16 940 BUS AHEAD GM Moon 74 A Mackay 18 

17 094 MRS NAUGHTY W Wharton 7-7 NCarWeO 

7-2 Irish Panage. 4-1 Tour VMM. 91 Knyf, 13-2 Arrow 

Express, 91 Bib Ahead. 181 Auction Man, 181 MDeometer. 

STAKES (£2,939: 6Q (5) ’ 

1 319 POLLY DAIKLS (USAXO) P Coin 4-97 _ P Waldrae 5 

2 009 NORTHERN CHOBQraM Ryan 4-93. _ GOuNMdl 

3 D WALLER FIELD F Durr 4-80 MBkckS 

4 -130 NO BEATMG HARTS (Q(IQ(BF) M McCormack 

3-913 R — 

6 403 ELSOCXO B McMahon 3-7-12 

R Carter 9)1 
M Wood 9 


1 002 TUFUH (USAira A SWaort 9-7 _____ 

2 324 MAtnfMSlIAOAM D«ysSmilh811 

4 OOO VILTASH (C) J BherfnglOn 88__ — _ — -™-- 

5 139 AQUARULA fD) G Pritcnani-Gordcn 97 __ G Mftold 7 

6 000 OARKPROMK R HcMnalwad97 S Parka 13 

9 009 MANTON MARK R>) M Camacho 92 — NCoreartBn3 

10 039 PREJUDICE T Barron 84 — BThawwW 

13 2100 JARR0WIANIC4ITFairtwit91 — CCoatoffi12 

14 420 GOOTS ISLE (C) M H E^stortiy 80 K May 8 

15 393 BREAKFAST M BED WHagl 7-13 JQtar»®11 

ffi 044 KBIBIE BLUE At McCorntotH 7->Z H IB ia d l l W 

17 1243 ROVE 5 Norton 7-10 JLoweS 

1 S3 SlBlMISSKizri 'SSL’S 

24 OOO ASET MAD ClMdar 7-7 P Bate (7) 2 

4-1 Ttduh. 91 Aquem, 91 now. IM Loch Form. 91 
Dwk Promse. 191 Grate Isle. 181 J a nov ton . Manckaka 
Madam. 14-1 Sew H0i. 191 others. 



1911 Poly Dantofa, 7-2 No Baakng Harts. 9-2 Bsocfco. 91 
Water Held. 12-1 Northern Chimes. 

STAKES (tyo fSies: £2,602 5f) ( 17) 

1 10 














AB8KMMBE M H Eastsrtty 911- 
0 BOLD AD W Bartley 911. 

CROFT 0MGMAL R WWakar 911 
D0HTY BABY M W Eastartnr 911 

4 BMER GREEN JBeny 911 

• GAME REATMBBW Marion 911 

3 GARDENM LADY T Barron 911 
2 LADY PAT (BF) M McCormack 911 

MUSIC STAR J KetteMa 911 
NABRAS H Thomeon Jones 911 



TTB2EOUAT0RZEC Thornton 911 -JBIiaadili 12 
VOTER EWeymes 911 EGaaat(3)3 

114 Nabras. 4-1 Lmly Pet. 91 Emmer Green, 91 Gardenia 
Lady. 191 SpaMMi SSpper. 12-1 Bate Goorgaa. 14-1 other*. 


Going: firm 

245 FARRIERS HURDLE (£1 ,842: 2m) (14 runners) 

2 4120 ASSWAN (U) J Franconia 911-2 P 

5 0311 CLEARLY BUST (D)C Holmes 6-11-12 

6 0240 C LOT BAN K JHillMiai 91912— — 

7 moo DOBSONS CHOKE (DIEEEvane 91912— P Warner 

8 422D «GHHEAVBt(B)(D) A Moore 819(2 Mai C Moor* (7) 

■Pft LAIKQCEL | Maddoda 81912 C,' 

HUNTERS CHASE (Amateurs: £5,499: 3m 21) (12) 

1 0Q/P ATHP0RD O Cart* 19124 P 

» 9-120— ACoBa 

11 Mil MASTBtVMCEKMQMThtanpkitiS 

12 MOO MEZIARAmWRWManB 91912. 
14 F-P2 UNHOCWG Morris 7-1812. 


2 *111 BEAMWAM O Shatte»^Z4_ DIMytorLaytaad 
4 2120 EU0GARTYDMtaray4witfi 11-120- ItotCB 
0 1211 FLYING ACEJ801A Cjfcjy 1 8124 -—Maa D 

7 4Q3U GENTLE APPROACH D H Thompson 9 

8 40-2 GREAT WAD BW GH Barber 8124. 

9 21 LAOHBC AG Down 8124 — — — — — H 
10 f24 MAJETTACRESCSTTRSMiaiin 18120 -Mrs CUe 
14U1P0 THE PAM BARRBI (BR O Sherwood 

15 84P YELLOW JBtSETGJ Hamer 19124— 

17 -111 CULM PORT C J Down 18114. 


C Biomi 
GJ eeas 

15 OOF4 CASStO UL 0 Burehai 7-1911 D JBrachM(7) 

16 QP21 CELTIC FLORA Mrs M Thomas 8187— ROuaaoodr 

17 000P WLSYT Hjm EA Whealer 7-197 BPwrafl 

18 U LITTLE STELLA T Long 9187. 

19 0(00 BOODLE DOODLE (BFjO Carter 

8187IBnG Anayfaga (7) 

2-1 Asswan. 84 Ctearty Bust 81 Master Vince, 91 Celtic 
Flora. 91 Cassw Lit. 191 others. 

Stratford selections 

By Mandarin 

2.45 Clearly Bust. 3.15 Glen Beig. 3.45 State 
Case. 4.20 Beamwam. 4.50 White Rose. 5.20 
Gallant Buck. 

10 422 GAME TRUST (C)(BF) C W Nash191 14. 

91 Flying Ac*. 4-1 Beamwam. MBy rty. 91 Ladnek. 
182 Culm Port. 91 Game Trust 181 others. 

2m 6f)(22) 

5 WO HOHCE M C PpB 9114___-.._ — 

8 0102 GALLANT BOCK 18) D 9114-— BPowti 

7 1*12 GRATIFICATION F Winter 811-7 Mr C took* (7) 

8 1930 

1? 5S 

3 (mo Holy 9114 — - ■■■< 

■ iScoirf Morton 7-11-1 p«L- n D 
i TORO W G Timer 7-1 89 — Tracy! 

12 3004 KAMAG( 

13 0131 LITTLE L 

16 0300 PLAZA TOflO Wt „ , n _ 

19 0000 EAMONS OWEN MraSOOrar 8197. 

(£2,809: 3m 2f) (12) 

4 0P00 COBLEY EXPRESS BIS3UR 1811-7 RMtoan 

7P411 GLEN BBfG (UF WjMyn 11-11-1 K Mooney 

9 0143 IMPERIAL BUCK (B) (D) D McCan 191911- RCnnk 

13 0333 STAUNTON R Watoy-Cohen 11-185 — 

14 £04 REURSMtoradouNr 12-195 

15 220F STAR GAZETTE J D Roberts 19192 P 

16 0F14 SVnFT ROT ALE (BF) O Sharwood 8104. S 

17 4321 FTTZHBtBERTLKeiawrd 8-104 (5ax) 

18 2P10 MAJOR TOM WWWtarwi 8184 

19 2112 LEAN QRT (BF) 0 CWBams 

8 180 (Sex) G( 

20UP0P JIMMY WFFraiWardto 14-194 SJOWeM 

21 POPS CLOMOI XMG (B) P Rmsoui 11-180 CCoa(4) 

154 Gton Beta. 4-1 Staunton. 81 F te herbert. 182 Swrtt 
an at. 94 < 

1 414 WWLET ffi. lApfr BO 8192 MOT — B 
28 4004 RtVBSiDE DRIVE (0)JD Danes 7-194.- O Monte (7) 

77 MOU AStA MINOR CHttdwgs 9190 JBrywi 

28 0001 DtSCAiH BOY C TWtar 9l80 (to) — Hfteyer 

30 944 FORTUNE COOKS J Fox 14-104 -NHteaM 

32 3000 BARQEUJO SOWN Karr** 8194.;. — M Yearn 

34 0040 VAL CU108I fUA) M CastaH 9190 KTcqto 

3SPRP0 NATIVE TWULNKamck 11-104- 

Royaie, 7-1 Lean 

3A5 FOXFOPD CHASE (£2.320: 2m Bf) (13) 

2 0P41 STATE CASE P Bailey 911-10 J 

4 P1TP EMMASON (C-OKBF) J SpaMM 11-114 A 

5 P004 GAMBUHOMWCEtC-O) Mrs G Jones 

18114J Sutton 

6 DIP LEOOEQRANCE RISAXD) L Kerxvad 1911-6. 8 Peanl 

10 0000 POLAR EXPRESS W King 11-114 C Wane* (7) 

11 OOUO UPPER TWOLWiora> 12-11-2 lteRHa^(7] 

12 F-0P ASPEN HARE A Moore 12-1912 Jf ’ 

36 POOO PORTLY C Spares 9180. , 

39 0040 CANTCBSCLOSEfBlSL Dow 9194 S 

40 943 T0URAL0NG KB White 12-180 M Bastard 

82 WUa London. 91 Broken Wing, 91 GaUant Buck, 91 

Bandelero. Burtey HB Lad. Gratficatlon. 191 others. 

HURDLE (£1,103: 2m 60 (19) 

2 8001SHINY PILGRIM WA C tep touoo 


5 0012 WWTE ROSE OH N Henderson 811-10 i r ~~ 

8 2123 AflNHALL (B) (BF) N Herxterson 


12 3021 THETCHUWGRaed9114(Bex) 

« 0421 WSB N EVEB HYDE (B)MP«b 4-11-4— P: 
w 911 

14 2231 EKPEK (HZ) MHEaaartiy 9114 (flax) 


Awabfe 7-18138BnOAn* 


7-1 8T38tea O Anaytage (7) 
17 Ml VULOAWS HONOR A JWason 81810 (Bex)- AVtofa 

19 38F0 CRACKHWLL Mrs EKamart 8187 B delta) 

20 443 AVERAGE LKaraard 81 87 BPOwefi 

21 0004 PASS ASHCWE ffi M Oflvw 7-185 RDmoody 

26 0040 AMEHICX J 0 Roberts 8182 C Brown 

13 40FP BOARDMANS CROWN J Webber 7-1812 — R Rowel 

14 -POP CRAWFORD CROSS TP Tory 12-1812 Mr MFMten (7) 

15 0004 GET GOMGFNaO Mrs NMacautey 7-1812 — KSta 

16 004* GOOSB ER HT HU. RMHomte 91812 — G Davies 

17 430) GREY FUSuER R Armyta^B 

22 pOP TWHERBDOu^ittn 11-1812. ‘ 

154 Stott Case. 3-1 Enxnason. 7-2 looOog ran e a , 91 
Gambling Pnrca. 181 The Herb. 14-1 Polar Express. 20-1 

28 2004 PARtSBteM LARK CF Lee 9181. 


30 OOF4 RAZZLE DAZZLE BOY W R WMatm 4-190. PMotoy 

32 0033 JAUNTEH W G Mann 9104 SJONate 

36 POOO WOO CHfflES OH Robinson 7-194— -JteO IHta 
39 0003 SNOW HALLAROD Anal 8190. 





Wroen. 91 ViXgan s Honor. 81 ArnhaB. Mlsa New 
■1 aixiy Pagrim, 91 White Rc * * 

Agam, Average. 181 othera. 

42 BOPO KN0BI OBI Mss E Sneyd 7* 

43 030 SOUTAAEP Butter 8194- 


, 7*1 §hxiy Pagrim. 91 White Rose, 18 I Ttwcehu, 12-1 

Naughty Niece can be queen at the Quorn 

On the penultimate Saturday 
of the poinMo- point season, the 
rearranged Quorn fixture and 
the Exmoor are taking place, 
both having attracted well over 
200 entries (Brian Bed writes). 

With Border Burg taken out at 
the overnight stage at Stratford 
Peter Grecnall. who has a lead of 
three over Mike Felton in the 
men's area riding championship 
after riding two winners at 
Hereford on Thursday evening. 

will not now need his helicopter 
to commute from the Quorn, 
where Cheekio Ora is his prin- 
cipal hope. John WrathaH. how- 
ever, has other ideas for this 
race, and Naughty Niece will be 
difficult to beau 
Felton has only one certain 
ride, on Thomascoun, at the 
Exmoor, but if he wins will 
probably partner Paddy Too. 
Unless he wins on both, and 
Greenall has a blank day. he is 

unlikely to go to the Torriogton 

Farmers next Saturday. 

At Stratford. Beam wan. pro- 
vided he stays the three miles 
two furlongs, has a good chance 
in the Horse and Hound Cup. 
Doreen Calder, however, will 
take a lot of beating on Flying 
Ace. last year’s winner, ana 
Chris Down deserves a change 
of fortune. 

TOGA VS FIXTURES: Exmoor, Bratton 
Dton (2J0): Quran. Garthorpe (2.15). 

Today's course specialists at six meetings 


TRAINERS: H Gac*. 88 wfexws from 326 
ramere. 27 0*-. 0 Doueb. 7 from 36. 
19.4V M Stone. 50 from 318. 15.7%. 
JOCKEYS S W wwortti. 8 Miners from 
SOrxto. 16.0S. S Gauttoi, 73 from 503. 
145. S Dawson. 9 from 6* ndes. 14.1%. 


TRAINERS: H Cecd. 18 wmnera Iron 44 
runners. 40.9% G Harwood. 23 from 38. 
gai VP CtXe. 17 from 91. 18.7% 
JOCKEYS T Oumn. 10 wkxwra from 45 
nG». 2«V S Cauthen. 29 from 133. 
2I8"«: w R Svmeurn. 20 from 100. 


u Prescott. 23 vwmers from 
95 nmneis. n Tmktor. 7 from 35. 

20.0% C Netoon. 18 from 81. 194% 
JOCKEYS G DuifiekL 45 wxmero Irani 
247 ndes. 182% J LOW*. 39 from 267. 
14.6% N Connorton. 7 from 70. 10% 


TRAINERS: H Thomson Jones. 13 wfri- 
rws from 41 fumteS. 31 .7% T Barron. 1 5 
fmn 81. 185; S Norton. 11 from 79, 

JOCKEYS: A Mackay. B tenners from 59 
ndes at 13.6%. 


TRAINERS: M H Eastarby. 7 tenners from 
18 nxmera. 389% D 7 from 20. 

35.0% J Fox. 12 from 44. 273% 
JOCKEYS: K Mooney. 1 1 vrtmers from. 50 
rtdes. 220% R Rowe. S from 24. 203% 


TRAINERS; Mrs M (Mtaon. 34 wlnnero 
from 62 romp*, $43% j »»>*. 13 tram 
43. 302% M H Eastsrtjy, 26 from 90. 

JOCKEYS: G BratSey. 9 wfrwers from 25 
noes. 36 0%: D Browne. 11 from 41. 

Blinkered first time 

IteWMARKEft 230 Strive. 3.0 Hooray 
ItunAon. 330 Ahedi 
435 Avenbno. 

HAMILTON PARK: 630 Barnet Bouquet. 
7.30 Fantma. 830 Htohland Tale. 

TWRSK: S.1S Amwage. 4.16 No Beating 


Gofai^ good 

Draw: high numbers best 

£3,043: 5f) (13 runners) 

W Ryan 5 

25 006 J0NK 

26 048/ 



7 JO HERON STAKES (3-Y-O: £8,090: 1m) (8) 










COPPS? RHJ P Matti 9-0_ 

2 2-10 FAUSTUS 

3 112- CKAftTML — 

; S! 

7 18 BRAVE owai H Cadi 811..- 


GREEN'S HERMNG W Jarvis 90. 


MURAJAH C Bsmtsad 90 . 

ONGOING SmiATION M Motley 94 ._ S Omm (3) 2 
ROCKFHJJt R Jotteson HougMon 94 — SCeaBtenS 

7Et£Sre(USUGHaraeert94 GStortay 11 

YOUNG LOCHMVARR Hannon 90 AHeGtonel2 

10 990 HARD ROWDR Hannon 811- 

11 -221 LANCEjqffllP 00*911 

17 4-00 TOPRUuSR Anw*ong81l- 

GA1TS aUTTSt CNBteon 811 Mi 
UQHTMHG LASBt P Koteiny 81 1 . 
RNG OF PEARL MJanria 811. 

. JMK4 
Par Eddery 10 
T Lucas 9 

5-2 Domin i o n 
RockfeBa.81 TMaato. 

. 81 Ugtttrtng Laser. 10930 
i Chaster Tenaoe. 181 others. 

Kempton selections 

' By Mandarin 

6.0 Rockfelia. 6.30 High P lain* 7.0 Faustus. 7.30 
Dolka. 8.0 Vaigly Blazed. 8.30 High Tension. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.0 Dominion Royale. 6.30 Safe River. 7.0 Truely 
Nureyev. 7.30 Dolka. 8.0 Mister Majestic. 830 
High Tension. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 8.30 High Tension. 


. Pat Eddery 7 
T Quinn 3 

__ W Carson 5 

(hiwiawaf* vaMiSs 

arms One Out 

730 VENUS FILLIES STAKES (3-Y-O: fillies: 
£7356: 1m) (7) 

4 124 NORTHERN EIEHMTY (USA) I BaWn 9 M p BlEddBfy1 

5 10 ARGON LASER JDutep 84 — ■ W< ?S!2 

6 1-11 BHAZ2AKA (USAWM M Jarate 8-5 T. h *! 5 

7 1- DOLKA MStttte 84 — W BS££Si 

8 040 WCK THE HABIT C Briton W P J55522« 

11 18 SALLY SAYS SO (USA) S Norton 95 SttrttoiB 

12 21 SOMEONE SPECftLP Cote 84 TQuh»2 

94 Ootea. 54 Brazzaka ^NortwxYtBtemtty. «gon 

Laser. 14-1 Someone Special. 291 KJcfc Tlte HettL 291 Sally 

8.0 MANOR STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,763: 6f) (9) 

2 014 DIAMOND RJGHTR Hannon 92 Pat Etlttoy f 

121 MISTER MAJESTIC R J WUnms 92 R CoctoraicB 

2m) (16) 

1 094 KOmfQaQDIftMson 44-10 WHwaa*(7)2 

2 942 HOUSE HUnIER C H oroan 6-98 IStamt5 

5 -440 SAFE RIVER (USMLCuman 444 H Guest 11 

6 400 REVtSIT J Yflnter 49-5 

7 209 NO-U-TURN S Malar 844 

8 2101 ACCURACY flR G Batten 543 ( 

9 am- VATBf GMmONJpt M Baynes I 
ID MO HIGH PLAINS (DmF) H Candy 4-813- 

13 1102 WLTON BURN HOTMB 8910- 

14 444 BOCODA LAD C BansMd 544. 

15 430 SUGAR PALM R9(D)R Hannon 97-13- A I 
IB 432 WSS BLACKTWRN N Vloore 4-7-12. SI 

19 400 ALSIBAC BantMad 4-7-1 

20 |I9 TESTMNMULJJBridna 4-7-11. 







5l PEMURCHM ra D Bsworth 92 — l-lAMrtanwa3 
BOLDMTBmON A Ingham 811 

0 CEE-St-CEE M McCoun 811 , 

3 MEBHfL P Keteatsy 81 1 

3 MCTO LOVE HOTteil 811 

• SHARP HEMBWERD tong 811. 

4 VAIGLY BLAZED CHorgan 811. 

— 1 

. SCanttai7 
. JWteam* 
. WCmon 5 
P Cook 8 

2-1 MebNL 92 PonsurcHn. 100-30 Mteter MaJetbC. 5-1 
VaWy Btozsd, 192 Diamond FSgM. 81 Micro Love. 14-1 

8J0 KINGFISHER HANDICAP (£2,616: 1m 3f 30 
yd) (8) 

1 0-32 CONVMCS) G Hararaod 4-104 GStttkey2 

2 341 POCHARD (USAXO P Cote 8910 r . TQMten7 

5 Ml «2JtOUH#g»IHaynBs444 PW Eddery f 

8 D42 HCHTHO&GPrttehardGoitlon 44-11 W Carta 4 
■“ — * M WMmmS 





14 304- BEAU WSTA OBMOrih 444 

15 244- JOUV0ICELLEH Candy 4-7-12— 

16 1330 PRMCE MERAHQI M EFianCte 87-10... 

9-4 High Tension. 11-4 Pochard. 10830 Convinced. 82 

Kalcour, 81 Jouvencele, 181 carters. 


Going: soft 

Draw: middle to high best 



1 0000 BANIB.B0U0UETmMlnlBaN811 CD>yer7 

2 0 CAUSE KELLY S Norton 81 1 JLovraC 

3 CHUfULLY LACE (FK) P Kafamy 


7 MSS ACACIA R Stubbs 811 DMcfrcte* 

9 0 MY SERENADE (USA) JWWatta 811— N Connorton 5 

11 0 REVOLVER VUEOJ Berry 811 MFry 2 

14 340 SHARPHAVEN M Briton 811 KDariayS 

198 S ha rpaven. 92 Chantto Lace. 7-2 Corse KWy. 81 
Rmrotov Vtdaa 12-1 My Serenade. 181 AT 

6 00 CHOICE MATCH JSWIteOfl 88„ 

7 00*4 MltllMEmNTMter8&_-. 

8 0 KETOfS WISH J KatttewBl 98. 

11-8 BrniftekHtexpeih. 84 Fanttee.,92 Bootfwn Lad. 81 
Julo'a Lad. 181 Chora Match. 181 Kanh't WMl 


£1,154: 1m 42yd) (IS) 

Hamilton selections 

By Mandarin 

6.30 My Serenade. 7.0 Tanfen. 7.30 Ben field 
Morpeth. 8.0 Amir Albadeia. 8.30 Alpha Helix. 
9.0 Leprechaun Lady. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.30 Chantilly Lace. 8.0 Rosi Noa. 8J0 

2 4-22 AMR ALBADEIA RBMPWatawi 9 


7 943 BLACK DIAMOND A Jam 94.. 

8 9 BtBCATHRAfl0rCParterS4 

12 0 EAGLE OESTMY (USA) I Bating 90 — Jl 

13 8 FORBBAST P Cahrer 94 

21 ARTAWS ROSE (HflMAtoira 811 Al 

22 092 BREGUET Elman 811 MBawrafta 

25 034 GAY APPEAL C Nxteon 81 1 

27 • JELLY JILL fl Alin 811 

28 009 KAMPHALLMtoZ Gram 811 

29 8 UTILE HHEJW Watts 811- 

31 -400 PUWXE CREAKG Moore 811 DCaaay(7)« 

32 930 ROSNOAJFR) PKalaway81l — Gq> Kafemy (5) I 



7 JO BtRKENSHAW HANDICAP (£1 ,788: 6f) (8) 

3 0000 MARYMAfiURE(C-D)OWChafxnan 


5 0310 TANret P M T Cra ig 5-9-3 NComwto6 

6 3404 RIVBCfDE WTHK Dn Ogw Ma r 4-0-13 „ PcTAi»2 

7 2224 ROSIE DKXOSraRHoftBhBad9913Rtoppki (05 

13 400 APHROWSUtCR Moms 994 LCtanodi8 

15 0012 LITTLE !©>WGTON (B) (D) N Bycrott 5-7-13 J Lon* 3 

16 004 MARS&JANAEfridsa 4-7-12 

9-4 Amir Afatdato. 4-1 Rosi Noa. 81 Gay Appeal. BreguoL 
81 Artaxu Rose. 181 Utfle Fir* 6 Black Domond. 181 others. 

8^0 LMEK1LNBURN HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1,704: 
1m 31) (11) 


3 033 ALPHA NEUXKBraney 95 SWMwMfilO 

4 1100 MARINA PLATA ra(V)OWChB(XTian 95 DNtofroRa 2 

6 004 WSTS OF TIME I Bating 94 J Malta 3 

7 0430 ROCKALLjUSAIjmS Horton 93 J Lorre 11 

9 081 MUUnmsraMGR Stas 811 — 8 

11 -006 GWKR MAC N Bycroft 810 M Richardson 4 

12 0004 STAMION MILL J Wtoon 84 —7 

13 082 GIBBERISH M Prescott 87 G DhTOoM 9 

14 400 HIGHLAND TALE BA Jam 87 CDtmrl 

15 0410 MAT tnr ORD WAY (q R Hotoshaed 84— S Parka 6 

, H Baocroft 4 

>9 900 REMAJNDBt TIP JGRoitMnda 4-7-7 — PBa*e(T)1 
92 Uttla Neiwmteon, 3-1 Roste Dlckane. 4-1 RtoraMe 
Writer, 81 Tanfen, 8Vfrtery Maguim. 181 Aphrodfcac. 14-1 



_ KDarfey 3 
. R P Steal 

82 Gibberish, 4-1 Miami In Spring. Marina nata. 11-2 
Ataha Hefec. 181 Carousel RockeL 12-tStandon MU. RockaX 
191 others. 

9.0 AIRDRIE HANDICAP (£1^95: 1m 5f) (6) 

2 1243 WESSEX (B)NTMtar 44-7 Kkn Tatar (7) 1 

4 8001 L9RECHAUN LADY R>D) 5 Norton 44-1 — J Lorre 3 
7 400 CAMPUS BOV Mrs JRamsdan 54-4 I 

1 002 BENHELD MORPETH J Barry 811. 

2 0000 BOOTHAM LAD M Bntteat 811 

3 0 JULKTS LAD G Moore 811 

MFry 5 


- LCharoocfc B 

f Bycrott 74-7_ SPGrifMta(S)4 
15-8 Leproctwim Lady, 82 Wessex, 81 Frasass. 81 
Campus Boy. 12-1 star AMance. 181 Boreham Down. 

8 1004 FRASASS (DJDW Chapman 983 

12 00/9 STAR ALIJANCE IC) R Moms 87-10. 
14 400 BOR8MM DOWN N Bycroft 7-7-7 ! 


Going: firm 


1 OOOI GAN ON LAD (D) R Qiay811-S C toot 

4 0003 M A NUTSHELL (B)(D)(S3GM Moore 


6 4003 TRIAD TREBLE JH Johnson 8114. 

7 0004 WJkHnOR UNCLE (D)DHRobMSOn 


6 0000 CALYPSO OLSEN fFR) W Ctey S10 
9 QP40 CATCH A STAR K A Morgan 5-189 

10 00 DEBRIS W A Stephenson 4-1 04 

11 000 DREAM OHCEMRETKanay 8194 

14 0(00 RtBBLE STAR WC Watts 5-10-9. 



VU SATHJJIE R Sxnpson 4-189 

17 P WELSH VALE J H Jonnsor *-189 

18 0323 WISE MAJOR D McCain 4-189 . 

22 2P0P IlLTAKE A MELODY K A Morgan 4-19-4 M A Hearn ( 

23 0000 AMID IIARMER *9 K A Morgan 4-104 JWvl 

91 fri A Nutstof. 7-2 Via SataOite. 92 Gan On Lad. 81 
Cash A Star. 81 Warrior Unde. Triad Trobia, 181 other*. 

21 23P4 HY TAB E Jones 8180 J Doyle «) 

24 D04P PRECOTCE ROAD K A Morgan 7-180— 

82 Target Man, 81 Gotvan House, 4-1 Aboushabun, 81 
Mayanncor. 81 Hardy Ranch. 181 Hy Tab, 181 others. 


1 POP3 AMANTBSGBBakteu 811-10 BRaMx 

2 0011 SPBTOEASY A Artolt 6-114 (7ax) N Ftonfri 

4 2121 BW1HL HOWE W A Stephenson 81 14 f7axt..BL»ai 

5 0001 OGDEN YORK J Franomne 811-6 (?**)__ R GumTO 

6 4010 JAOUJF CLUBS (D» S McLean 8lV8__„ 

S 2DU0 ST COUKGftchards 811-3 PlS 

9 ME BALMAT T D McCain 8114 

10 ^ MBTBI BOOT niOCNM 7-1811. WHuaufrtam 

11 2000 MCHARD UONHEART Jkrxriy Fozgerald 

8189M Dwyer 

T WaqqottJT) 

13 0F00 DUN ROFE N Waggott 8180- 

ROYAL TYCOON A SteMume 8180. 

H0USEW8E J C Fox 8104 : 

S Moore 

Market Rasen selections 

By Mandarin 

6J0 Gan On Lad. 7.0 Prim r ose Wood. 7.30 
Target Man. 8.0 Si Coline. 8 JO Bright Arrow. 9.0 
Good Investment 

CHASE (£3,199: 3m) (13) 

1 201 VWJBtSTOWN W AStephersan 7-12-6 R UtxXi 
3 0KJ2 PRMROSC WOOD G Rtinrds 81813 POTJonate(4) 

6 3PM GHAZAL ra J Hardy 18104-, SJoham 

7 P012 KUMON StASHKE ^ (C^> D Y«»iot 

Wlri CtfaMORS 

S 401 FUETIS FARM T A Fqrswr 12-187 (Sex)- HOwin 
821IB PRIME CMLTONff) Mm JBtoom _ 

11-182 WnCSsmtera 

11 2338 fflEENBANK PARK DLVnams 9194 PT«* 

12 4434 MA 8C ER TBtC O TO D Tthom 1WM- Mltoxnnan 

13 P423 COTTAGE RHYTHM OTE Jones 18194_ JOojte (4) 

15 2308 KJtCKHAW: STARMj K 

16 0000 GEARYSCOU) ROUB) TO Denys 

17 U1W RONA8PAIH. (CKD) 5 J Leeobener 18104 M Berne* 
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STAKES (3-Y-Cfc 


1 -fi ; 


‘Bakharoff back 
in betting as 

Bakbaroff, last year’s lead- 

ren in the Derby on Wednes- 
day. GreWfle Starkey, stable 
jockey to-Guy Harwood, who 
also has Dancing Brave and 
Allez Milord in the race, said 
at Newmarket yesterday; “I 
understand that Bakharoff 
may be allowed to take his 
chance instead of going to 
Chantilly -for the Bench 

Starkey denied that he 
would switch from the 2,000 
Guineas winner. Dancing 
Brave, who has drifted signifi- 
cantly in the ante-post betting 
over the last few days. 
Harwood is expected to decide 
win his trig race plans over the 
Weekend and issue a statement 
tomorrow. Corals offer 1 1-2 
against Bakharoff with a run. 

Harwood's assistant. Geoff 
Lawson, said later. “Dancing 
Brave is in tremendous form 
and Bakharoff worked very 
well this morning. I would not 
be^surprised if all our three 
entries ran on Wednesday”. 

John Winter will take Natu- 
rally Fresh to Royal Ascot 
bebeving be has the best of the 
home contenders for the 


Queen Mary Stakes, but fear- 
ing the Irish filly, Pnln nia 

That was the Newmarket 
trainer’s view after he had 
saddled Guy Shropshire's filly 
to record another impressive 
victory in the Exiti ng Church 
Anniversary Stakes at Head- 
quarters where five out of six 
favourites were successful. 

Walter Swinbum, who had 
scored a seven-length win on 
Naturally Fresh on the Row- 
ley Coarse early in the mnntih , 

dikarn - — - - m - * a 

effect as the 13-8 on shot 
scored by a comfortable three 
lengths from Jaisalmer, who 
ran on when the others bad 
cried enough. 

Naturally Fresh, bred by Pat 
Watts, the wife of the Rich- 
mond trainer. Bill, was ac- 
quired for the Cambridgeshire 
owner as a yearling for 6,000 
guineas, having fetched 
30,000 guineas as a foaL 
“She's fast and has a lovely 
temperament,'’ Winter said. 

Pat Eddery was seen at his 
brilliant best on the Queen’s 
six-year-old. Insular, who 
landed the Thuriow Handicap 
under the welter weight of 


tells in 

By Jenny MacArthur 

Experience triumphed at 
Hickslead yesterday when the 
18- year-old Next Ryan’s Son, 
ridden, by John Whitaker, won 
the Everest Double Glazing 
Trophy and the 1 7-year -o!<l 
Owen Gregory, ridden by 
Whitaker's younger brother. Mi- 
chael. was second. John 
Whitaker is considering whether 
to jump Ryan’s Son rather than 
Mil too in tomorrow's Nations 
Cup, but the decision will be 
made by Ronnie Massarella. the 
team manager, who announces 
his team of four today. 

The Hickslead arena is a 
favourite stamping ground for 
both Ryan’s Son and Owen 
Gregory. The latter, owned by 
Mrs Raymond Fenwick, won 
the Jumping Derby in 1980. 
Ryan's Son. who has won more 
than £200,000 during his career, 
won the Jumping Derby in 
1983, having earlier in die year 
won ins nder the European 
individual silver medal in the 
same arena. 

Yesterday it looked as if it was 
going to be a dud between the 
two brothers until last year's 
winner. Emfie Hendrix, of The 
Netherlands, on Opticbeurs 
Een, made it a three-horse 

The mai 

on the 



smacks of 

By Mitchell Platts 

*Tve never dreamed of win- 
ning a British Open," Hugh 
Baiocchi said. “If 1 was four 
shots ahead with one hole to 
play I would probably fell over 
and break a leg! You have to be 
realistic, you don't stumble into 
an Open . . . you have to win it 
from a guy like Seve 

Baioccfu*s surprisingly honest 
confession was delivered only a 
few minutes after he had joy- 
ously walked off the 18th green 
ai Moor Park yesterday after 
completing a flawless round of 
65 which contained five birdies 
and one eagle. 

It was a performance that 
smacked of class as be threaded 
hts way towards the p rospect of 
winning the London Standard 
Pour Stars National Pro-Celeb- 
rity tournament. Baiocchi has a 
halfway aggregate of 1 36, which 
is eight under par, and he is 
nicely placed to become the 
second South African to win on 
the European circuit this season 
after John Bland's success in the 
Cannes Open. 

Baiocchi has 16 professional 
victories to h is credit, six of 
them in Europe, but be has one 

Michael Stoote, the New- borne in the Entire Maiden 
market trainer, reached another Fillies' Stakes. The winner, who 
milestone in his career as a carried the Robert Sangster 
trainer when the odds-on colons, had 2% lengths to spue 
San tiki provided him with his Kadz gained a second 
1,000th winner m this country successive success in the John 
at Thifsk yesterday. Smith's Handicap when beating 

Stoute started his racing ca- Dual Venture by a length to 
reerwifo Pat Rohan at Mahon, provicte another winner for the 
then became assistant trainer to powerful Henry Uccu yara. 
Doug Smith, and later -Tom Willie Ryan, the winning 
Jones. He took out his first joctey, who completed a double 
licence as a trainer in 1972, and on Softly Spoken, said. I was 
landed his first classic success more^ tired than bun after the 

with. Fair Salinia in the 1978 race. _ . 

Oaks, following that in 198! . Amigo Suoo tort three 
with Sberrar's victory in the l en gt h s at the start of the D S R 
Derby S H^representedby the 

3-1 favourite Shahrartam in the that did not stop the 13-8 
premier classic next favonnto scoring by 

premier classic nc*i 

Santiki came through 
smoothly for Tony Kimberley 
to lead over a furlong from 

could now go for the 
Stakes at Royal Asc 
Brasscy, the trainer, s: 


Britons well-set 
to shoot for 
overall victory 

By John Wifcockson 

British riders took a strangle- Watson had fallen with the 
hold on the Milk Race yesterday winner of the two previous 
when Neil Martin of lire Billon- stages, Djamolodine 

Condor team oulspriaied 16 Abucyaparov; but whereas the 
others to win the fifth stage. Soviet rider remounted and 
Martin arrived in Chester three finished with the main group. 

minutes ahead of the main Geld 
along with 10 other British 

Although Pyotr Ugrumov re- 
tained the race leadership, he 
was the only Soviet rider in the 

Watson, who was third in the 
1985 Milk Race, had to stop to 
change a damaged wheel 

Abdujaparov and his three 
colleagues led the chase and 
pegged the break to a 40 second 

break and his overall advantage advantage until Buxton, but the 
of 8sec over Malcolm Elliott, of gap extended to 2 minutes on 

ANC-Halfords, is no guarantee 
of success. In contrast. Eliott 
had three team mates with him, 
notably Joey McLoughlin, from 
Liverpool, who was the prime 
mover in the 78-nule stage 
across the Peak District from 

A large crowd was stacked up 
the sides of Winnats Pass to see 
McLoughlin race up the 1 in S 
gradient ahead of Ugrumov, 
Shane Sutton, the Australian, of 

the tong haul to the Cal and 
Fiddle inn. 

Suuoo. McLoughlin and the 
ANC team continued to pile on 
the pressure, knowing that they 
were establishing the base from 
which they can shoot for victory 
RESULTS? Stage 5: Sheffield » Cherasr, 
7&5 mdes (125.Skm). 1. N Mwim. BBton- 
Conoor, Shr 58 mm 30sae 2. G Jonas 
ANC-H&ont; a J McriwgMn, ANC- 
Hattord. *. M BbotL ANC-Hattord: 5. S 
Sutton. Falcon: 6. J SMbby. Denmark 7. J 
Kobe. Pnugeot & J Waltz. Danmark: 8. C 
UflywtWe. G& ip. R Downs, Bfton- 

FaJcon, and Paul Watson, of Condor. an same time. 

As the front-runners re- uHram tum, i s sb c a 8uaoo ,22ro?% a 
grouped on the narrow road, Tinvus. ANC~Hartoro.3a&ac: fi. Laywt*®, 
Watson turned to see what Sg*y- 

damage had been done by the 10 ‘ P Sanfl8ra - Bdtan_ 

climb- Jeff Williams, his team todays stage: uendumo ftasoam) 
colleague, said: “As Paul mined * (ftstknatBd 3 P fl A i® 

to look, he touched wheels with STAGE: Carmarthen 

one of the Russians and tell, p mm) io Cardiff (astknatsd asopm), joi 
That is what sparked the break, maos ( 162 km). 

TODAY'S STAGE: Uendulno 


(astknaed 3pm), ios 

STAGE: Carmarthen 
(estimated 3£0pr»L 101 

|) Jam) to Cart 
maes (162km). 





The England all-rounder Pe- 
ter Willey has made a swift 
recovery from the knee opera- 
tion which cut short his tour of 
the West Indies during the 
winter and will play for 
Leicestershire in their Britannic 
Assurance county champion- 
ship game against Gloucester- 
shire at Grace Road today. 

Alvin Kallfebarran is in- 
cluded in the Warwicks hireside 
for the first time this season 
against the leaders Lancashire at 
Old TraffonL 

Imran Khan, the Pakistan all- 
rounder. is rested for Sussex's 
match against Somerset at 
Horsham. The left-arm spinner 
Andy Bred in. aged 24, is in- 
cluded in the squad. 

Hampshire have fitness 
doubts over Gordon Greenidge 
and Tim Tmnlett for their 
Britannic Assurance county 
championship match against 
Nottinghamshire at Southamp- 
ton today. 

The Kent captain Chris 
Cowdrey Iras aggravated a ham- 
string injury and is doubtful for 
the game with Worcestershire at 
Tunbridge Wells. Simon Hinks 
and Richard Ellison, who have 
bade problems, are both ex- 
pected to be fit 

Derbyshire also have injury 
problems, which could rob them 
of three key bowlers against 
Essex at Derby. The former 
England all-rounder Geoff 
Miller has a side strain and the 
seam bowlers Paul Newman 
(back injury) and Alan Warner 
(sore shins) are both struggling. 

make a 
fine start 

By Michael Berry 

Bishops Stortford, losing 
finalists in the National Club 
Championship in 1984, made a 
successful start to this season's 
campaign on Thursday 

Stortford, weakened by the 
absence of key players, beat 
Colchester and East Essex by 25 
runs in a fixture that had been 
postponed four times because of 
the weather. Steve Plumb made 
55 and Adrian Wacey 78 not out 
towards their 192 for seven and 
Colchester replied with 167 for 

Reading, last year’s losing 
finalists, also made a winning 
start to beat both Hayes and 
Wokingham and were playing 
Sloqgb in the third round 
yesterday. Already through to 
the fourth round are Scar- 
borough, another of the fended 
sides. They overcame Otfey by 
38 runs. Chris Hugill hitting 6S 
of their 217 for seven, Odey 
replying with f 79 for nine. 

In the National Village 
Championship, sponsored by 
Norsk Hydro, Frenchk, the 
holders, are on the march again 
after victories over Glendelviae, 
Yet holme and Morebattle and 
St Boswells. 

Troon are also through to foe 
group semi-finals, while in- 
dividual honours so fer in foe 
village competition have gone to 
Jeff Wcstganh of Clan Vale in 
foe Northumberland group. He 
became only the fifth player in 
foe history of the competition to 
take nine wickets 

Hard task for Pilgrims 

By George Chesterton 

Tomorrow sees the first 
round of the Cricketer Cup. 
Repton Pilgrims, runners-up in 
last year's competition, have a 
lough opening match at Harrow. 
Richard Hutton is available, but 
it is possible that Middlesex 
may need foe services of John 
Carr. If they go through, they 
could then meet Old 
Wykehamists, who were put out 
in the semi-final in 1985 by the 
OundeHians. Also in the top half 
of the draw are foe much- 
fended Felsted Robins, though 
it is doubtful whether tney mil 
be able to call on Derek Pringle. 

Shrewsbury Saracens must 
favour fodr chances: they have 
an excellent balance and cer- 

tainly one of the best all-round 
bowling attacks in foe com- 
petition. (Dandle Rovers, last 
year's winners, should be at full 
strength. Their out-cricket is 

TEAMS (Home teams ffistk Harrow 
Wanderers v Repton Warms; Old 
Wykehamists v Old Chenonuns: Mat- 
borough Blues v Old wwtgwans: Old 

Lancing Rows v St Edward’s Martyrs; 
Sherborne PSgrims v Downside Wander- 
ers; Eton Ramblers * Old AmpMordbnt; 
Shrewsiwy Saracens v Rugby Meteors; 
OH CWtcrtans v Stowe Ten£ia3; Oinfle 
Rovers v CM Bkndattans; Old Merchant 

BredflaU waits Radley Rangers v 
Charterhouse friers. 


Kirtlington impressive 

Kinlington (received W) de- 
feated Beecbwood at 
Arnbersham, Midhum, Sussex, 
yesterday, in foe second semi- 
final of the Dollar Cup, by five 

» (50 1 . Hrtomiplf ID WcftO 

vrim p -1 tngkm 

v Hunt 3-1 Jt-to. S ran. M 

ft M 

il. 2. ^^SSngh-Tog 
I. tt-20, £2M OF: £&« 

c ea: 
l Cf 



Bayliss to the fore 

By a Special Correspondent 

Rachael Baviiss and her dans to “bunt round” on her 
voThoSseS the inexperienced seven-year-old. 
’‘-ogumter, took the lead at foe Meanwhile. Gabriel Fea. aged 

• -ad of the dressage phase at foe 2 0. from Worcestershire, has 
ui^mham horse trials yesterday achieved foe remarkable feat of 

afternoon. They were five points leading the young ridere* ua- 
ahmri of Thursday’s leader, tional championship on the 
Tessa Martin Bird and Autumn younger and less experienced of 
Light, who lie joint second with ^ two bones, Caractus. wifo 
the European team gold medal Aldington Lad six points away 
winner. Lucinda Green, on j n second-place, 

BrassMcmkfT - Joanna Kaye, on Efemy ^ ighl competitors era- 

SKS: « sff- aSSMr 

Bartle’s title 
for third 
y ear running 

By a Special Correspondent 

Britain’s top dressage 
partnership, Christopher Barrie 
and WDy Trout, were, tor the 
third year running, foe winners 
of the main op eni ng class at the 
Goodwood international meeting 
yesterday. With a fluent, easy 
bar unspectacular test they beat 
Robert, who was positively and 
accurately ridden foe. The 
Netherlands by Jeannette 

Britain’s top professionals, 
David Hunt and Ferdi Eflbetg, 
filled the next two places to 
w ake ft a good day for the host 

The easier class of the day, 
the Prix St Georges, was woo by 
a past German showjumping 
champion, Maddaine Winter, 
RESULTS: Sit Tam 1. VWy 
Battel 1216,-% ROtoMgHto 



final of the Dollar Cup, by five 
and a half goals to four. 

Pivoted on Somerville 
Livingstooe-Learmonfo, and 
backed at two by Earl Herbert, 
of New Zealand, foe Kirtlington 
team showed an impressively 
open, mutually supporting style. 
Tim Walker, a Cowdray Park 
man, stood in at one for 
Kjrtlington's Charles Robert. 

Kirtlington had the better of 
foe encounter until foe last 
ebukka when Beechwood's pro- 
fessional New Zealand number 
three, Paul Hunt, brought on an 
exceptionally fast mare called 
Eleana. Then leading a series of 
attacks, when foe tally was five 

By John Watson 

I (A) de- and half— two. Hunt then found 
d at the flags himself once and, after 
, Sussex, another of his dribbling sprints, 
id semi- placed foe ball for Howard 
. by five Taylor to shoot and dose the 
score again. 

lervilfp Kirtlington wiQ face Mrs 
1 , aort Hancock’s team Woodhill for 
Herhen ^ mal 00 Sunday, 
rtiineton The second match of the 
rrecivrtv afternoon, a semi-final of the 
Robert Fraser Cup, resulted in a 
av F^rk five and a half - five win for 
JL r -_ Monimbi (received Ifc) against 
Lavinja Black's Stileman. 

KniTUMGTON: 1. T Water (0* 8. E 
Herbert (4k 3, S Uvknsione-leannontft 
Mfcj ffidft. C Courage tz)L 
BEECHWOOO; 1. H Taylor ft): 2. J 
Kawanagh (2); a, P Hunt(fi£ back. P Ewetf 

SoRUMBfcl, C Ctoden Q ); 2, J Crudan 
Pft 3 . J Santos <3E bade. G Otoe (g. 
rnSJEMANS: 1. Mrs L Black (21: 2. G 
Lawson (i i: 3, J Small (3k back, SMawaz 

1—1 Li 



Our June issue features a special free 
anniversary supplement to celebrate 75 
years of Golf Monthly. 

From 1911 to 1986 much has happened 
in golf. Between the 
front and rear covers I 
of Golf Monthly you’ll 
find out just what. IflHrWI 






r v.v. y • : J-rti.-. .’ ,v! 1 fj>4 


Fernandez gets 
her kicks 
in a charming * 
chorus line 

A Smm 


From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, Paris 

The most charming seg- tough competitor. She did not 
ment of the tennis circuit allow me to get to the net.” 
consists of the spring series of All that was plausible, but 

toupaments played on the Miss Hobbs was also guilding 
shale courts of mainland Eu- the pill. She should have 
rope* The French Champion- played a better match than she 
pips, now approaching the did. 

hallway mark, are the su- On the next court, Virginia 
prexne test The charm, Wade, aged 40, won a doubles 
though, tends to be marred by in harness with Mercedes Paz, 
the flattering rewards for men- of Argentina. Miss Paz, aged 
lal, physical, and technical 19, is big, strong, loose- 
soundness: as distinct from limbed, and athletic. She also 
bold, imaginative shot- has quick reactions in adjust- 


ing the racket head. No won- 

This particularly applies to dcr s h e dismissed Manuela 
women's tennis, which is Maleeva from the singles. 

more attractive on faster sur- 
faces. It is no compliment to 
shale - nor for that matter, to 
the chorus line of women's 
tennis — that a girl aged 14 

“She played so well that I 
didn't really get enough tennis 
out there." Miss Wade gener- 
ously commented. “I was 
lucky enough to find out that 

years and nine months has s j, e did not have a panner 
advanced to the last 16 of the here . Unfortunately she has 

singles by winning three 
matches at a total cost of one 

It is on the other hand, quite 
a compliment to Mary Joe 
Fernandez, of Miami. The fact 

one at Wimbledon." 

Miss Wade's presence was a 
reminder that a bunch of 
former men's champions is 
here in less strenuous roles. 

remriiK that ter eame is The mosl ™dem has been 
understandably limited, is not 

remarkable for either power or £f 

finesse, and does not justify ** 

the prominence she enjoys, * cni c . 35 3D cngagindy low- 
Miss Fernandez is sensible. 

talented, and determined. Bui who =p° ns< * ** G ™" d / ,f T “ 
she is not yet a Steffi Graf, or a qrcuiL Nastase h^been chug- 

she is not yet a Slel 
Gabriela Sabatini. 

ging around the premises on a 

Britain's national champi- ™«r^coomr. to pmmote ,ts 

A U.LL. 

on, ARne Hobbs, was beaten 
6-2. 6-0 by Miss Fernandez 
yesterday. “1 would love to 
play her on grass." Miss 
Hobbs said later. “That might 
turn the situation around 
totally." It probably would. 
But professional tennis is 
seldom played on grass. “On 
this surface, she has great 
potential," Miss Hobbs add- 
ed. “She is strong and fast, has 
good court-awareness, and is a 

Claudia Porwik. of Germa- 
ny. aged 17, might have 
welcomed the use of Nastase's 
motor-scooter (a souped-up 
version anyway) when playing 
Martina Navratilova, whose 
scouting report had given her 
a false impression that Miss 
Porwik was left-handed. Miss 
Navratilova adjusted her 
thinking, won 6-3, 6-3. but had 
some problems and was im- 

Mansdorf (Isr), 7-5, M, 4-6, 6-0; C 
Panatta (IQ bt T Tutesne (Fr), 0-6. 3- 
6, 6-2, 6-4; A Chesnokov (USSR) M 
R Ostherthun (WG), 6-2, 6-3, 6-2; J- 
P Heurian (Fr) bt J Canter (US) 3-6, 
2-6. 7-5, 7-5. 7-5. TOrtl round: I 
Lendl (Cz) bt S Mmiussi (Arg) 6-1. 6- 
t , 6-2; U Stertund (Swe) bt A Jarryd 

b-z. b-d; b 
i(WG)6-2,6-1,l . 

(Be) W K Cartsson (Swe) 7-5, 7-6, 5- 
7, 6-3. Women’s smgkra, lecond 
round: S Graf (WG) M M Masker 
(Neth). 6-2. 6-1; G SabatW (Arg) M I 
Madruga-Osses (Arg), 6-3, 6-3. 
Third round: L Garrone (It) bt Zina 
Garrison (US) 6-2. 6-2: K Rihakfl 

Garrison (US) 
(US) M R F-*^- 
Navratflova it 
6-3, 6-3; M-J 

(SA) 6-1, 6-2; M 
CPorwtek WG) 
mdez (US) bt A 
Hobbs (GB) 6-2, S-0; H Sukova (Cz) 
bt T Sen auer-Larsen (Den) 6-4, 6-4. 
Women’s doubles: Brat round: M 
Paz (Arg) and V Wade (GB) bt P 
Casate (US) and B Gerken (US) 6-3, 

round: M 
GB) bt P 
i (US) 6-3, 



Permutations in 
hope of medals 

Bryant was down 
but never out 

By Jim Railton 

By Gordon Allan 

Great Britain's top fours will 
meet this weekend in the Not- 
tinghamshire Internationa} Re- 
gatta to decide who will be 
England's coxless four in the 
Commonwealth Games. The 
two fours are no less than Tyrian 
and the Amateur Rowing 
Association (.ARA) four. Three 
weeks ago in Tyrian 
defeated the West German 
world champions in the coxless 
fours while the ARA four 
walked away with the coxed four 

Now- in a search for medals in 
the Commonwealth Games, 
which will involve doubling and 
trebling up. the ARA four wish 
to go coxicss. They include in 
their crew three Olympic gold 
medal winners — Redgrave. 
Holmes and Cross. IfTyrian arc 

defeated over the weekend they 
will probably be offered the 
coxed four berth in the 
Commonwealth Games before 
reverting back to a coxless four 
for the world championships in 
Nottingham in August. It all 
sounds too complicated. 

The Nottinghamshire Inter- 
national provides the final trials 
for the Commonwealth Games 
teams before selection on June 

There promises to be many 
exciting races over the weekend. 
In the Commonwealth Games 
there is no lightweight eights 
event. The ARA national eight 
will split up into two fburs 
tomorrow Sunday and in a one- 
off race decide who will repre- 
sent England in the lightweight 
coxless fours. 


Christ Church go top 

Oxford summer eights was 
full of surprises on Thursday 
(Jim Railton writes). New Col- 
lege had equipment failure at 
Donnington Bridge and Christ 
Church found themselves head 
crew once again. 

Other bumps in the men s top 
division were Balliol at the 
expense of Trinity. Kcble on 
Pembroke with Worcester 
overhauling Lincoln. 


hmsISh lb Chnsl Ctavcfi b Lincoln: 

Son li * 

w b B*w II. 
II: oslar House ■ t» Exmmc 


DIVISION c Balboi b Trinity: Kettle b 
Pembroke: Worcester o Lincoln: Citnst 
Cltur-:n t> Now College 
DIVISION lb Wotfson 0 Kebto H; Hertford b 
Ekarenose; Oueon s b Jesus: Waotam b 
St Jam’s 

DIVISION HL Oral m (sandwich boat) b 
Pomotoke ll: Exeter n b Manshe*ct Lady 
Margaret Hafi a St Edmund Hall II: New 
College U b Umvorstfv ll; Merton b Corpus 
DIVISION IV: "Trinity II b Merton ll: 
iVadnam a b Magdalen It: Brasenose n b 
Ba<bot U: Worcester U b St John’s II 
OtVlStON Vr Osier House ll 0 Merton Kir 
Lincoln HI b Eretet HI; Unacre b Urmersny 

III Queen’s H b Balial III 

DIVISION Vh Oral v ob Corpus II. Lady 
Margaret Hall II b Cmsi Church IV; 
Wesson ll b OntH W; Unwersny IV b 
Pembroke III, New College HI b Si Peter s 

DIVISION VII: Wotfson m b New Callage 

IV Corpus III to St Berats Hal. Herrtwd ill 
M Si Peter s Id. si John s Ul b Queen’s III; 
keen* V b Lincoln IV 

DIVISION Wife Trinity III b St John’s IV; 
Regent s Parte & St Edmund Hal IV Osier 
House HI b Wadham 111 
division tX: New College vn b unwersitv 
v, hew w & Templeton: Worcester tv b 

Now CoSege VL Banal IV b Hertford IV 

Hair-raising effort: Britain's wpri««ni champion, Anne Hobbs, launches a powerful 
forehand at the French championships in Pans (Photograph: Tommy HIndley) 

pressed by Miss Porwik 's fore- tie. Jelen was overwhelmed on Mansdorf 
hands down the line. the centre court yesterday by . c*— 

The long-legged Miss Guy Forget, who \ r oSwrt^n (WG). 6-2. 

Porwik has much in common, drea ( n °f a J ® le ®J ad £ 

physically, with Miss Paz. She previously beaten Slobodan 2*7-5 

comes from Fiirth (near S‘X? Jino ^ lc . l . tfe^; U 
Nurembuig), where Henry McNamee in surnght sets. 

Kissinger irew up and kept As usual, a Swede made 
goal for the town's football “fW- Tto tome* ws Utf fficJW 

team. Miss Porwik looks good round: S Graf 

- good enough, her compatri- P^B “* ™ (Neth). 6-2. 6-1; G SabatW (Arg) M l 

otsteU me. to take fourth ptece tournamenL He beat the sev- Jtedru^s«_ (Arg), 63, 63. 

inGermany's Federation Cup gSAtt 

Another young German, SSTte?" “suSund^id 
Enc Jelen. richly talented, can | ater -j iUSL to win as Hobbs (GB) 6-2, 6-0: H Sukova (Cz) 

be expected to share the majiy games as possible." 

“Jp “* d .. d0 Sft tonus amna ^ B agn® 1 - doubter 

with Boris Becker in Becker (WG) bt B Oresar (Yuoo), 6- ^ 

Germany's next Davis Cup 2, 6-0. 6-7, 63; H Leconte (Fr) u A 7^. 


Pageant of 
sail on 
the Solent 

By Barry Pkkthall 

A record 1335 yachts — 138 
more than last year — are 
expected to set oat Irani Cowes 
this morning on the fiftieth 
Round the Island race. The 
muhxbull class lend the fleet 
away on this 60-mile westabont 
course around the Isle of Wight 
at 6am and the ocher classes 
follow in hot pursuit at 10- 
minute intervals for an boor to 
form a spe ct acular parade of 

If cooditioas prove favourable, 
the leading crews expert to he 
refurling their sails by Ham, bat 
others competing in the cruiser 
divisions have until 1130 to- 
night to complete the course. 

The record, set last year by 
Tony Bnllimore's 60ft trimaran. 

Apricot, stands at 4hr 4Smin i 
and this 60ft Irens design, which 
went on to win (be Round Britain 
and Round European races last 
season, returns to defend this 
title against Bullimore's prin- 
cipal molrifanll rivals. Mike 
Whipp's Paragon and Red Star, 
skippered by Don Wood. 

Until recently, the monohnll 
record was thought to have been 
held by Bill White ho use- Vanx's 
maxi. "Mistress Quickly, which 
set a time of Star 57min 15sec in 
the 1979 race, but after looking 
at the results of the first event in 
1936. Christopher MaimelL the 
Island Sailing Clnb's secretary, 
established that three yachts 
beat this time, led by Tom 
Ratsey's 40ft cutter, Dolly 
V anion, which completed the 
course six minutes foster. 

Interest in this year's race has 
been heightened by a £700 side 
bet wagered between the crews 
of four three-quarter loaners and 
the leading mnllihull skippers 
who believe that one of them at 
least can complete the course in 
half the time taken by their 
monobull rivals. The winnings 
have been promised to Sport 

AM. — 

David Bryant and Cecil 
Bransky. respectively winner 
and runner-op in the Gateway 
Masters singles last year, won 
their opening matches at Wor- 
thing yesterday. Bryant beat 
Wynne Richards 21-18 and 
Bransky beat Dan Milligan 21- 

Every scorecard tells a story 
and the one lor the Bryanl- 
Richards match was eloquent. 
Twice Bryant was seven shots 
down -at 5- 12 and 11-18— and 
twice be dragged himself back. 
He won (he last five ends with a 
scoring sequence of 2, 2. 2, 3. 1, 
varying the mat length suf- 
ficiently 10 upset Richards’ 

Richards moved the jack 10 
one of Bryant's back bowls at 
18-11. Little miscalculations 
tike that can change the 
complexion of a game, and 
Bryant took foil advantage. 
Richards, the British Isles cham- 
pion. had reason to fed irked 
with himself. He bowled with 
fine confidence early on, scoring 


Top clubs call truce 

A truce has been called in the 
year-long dispute between 15 
top dubs and the Welsh Rugby 
Union. Merit table dubs had 
threatened to pull out of next 
season's Schweppes Cup be- 
cause of a row over rule changes, 
but the Welsh Rugby Union 
secretary. Ray Williams, yes- 
terday issued a statement 
The statement read: “The 
Welsh Rugby Union is pleased 
10 announce that a compromise 
has been reached concerning the 
introducton of new rules in die 
structure of the Schweppes Cup 
competition next season. 
Whitbread merit table dubs had 
indicated tbat unless the WRU 


Little support for boards 

By John Goodbody 


back pains suffered by b « tterf l> 

c0 5jB^Taff> Cameron, the 
Soring Association, has 
more than SO swim- 


{JJjSXe probable cans* of the 
SSSrSng the tuKluhtinR 

The Dolphin leg-kick action, 
using 3 iloatwhich can cause 
stress to the lower back 

The full butterfly stroke 
which is essentially safe 

. Am» board ia nw““R- 

impending stress 

tnwgjf’rf tbe swimmers in 
jy^S^raaunonwealth Games 

8**.® , inf 4 ! for several 

sr*^ fLxiB * ,h f ir 

,* 4e« Is a greater 

should 0 ^ osed in the 

a* bimbo- sacral joint 
f^^Aefnll stroke when the 

nates tb at where 

•JKtddS^" 6 rareI> ased 

is a "wro 

* Mtck P™ We,ns: 
i^bSterfJy sirok * “ 

sictll}' safe when the shoulders 
are free tu move." 

Butterfly, the newest stroke in 
inurmalioiul swimming and in 
the Olympics only since 1956, 
demands flexibility and power. 
The lower body is used like a 
dolphin's tail with (he 
swimmer's legs dose together. 
The range and force of the kick 
depends greatly on the degree of 
loner back mobility. 

With (he buttocks well fixed 
in relation (o the surface of the 
water, the movement is a re- 
pealed hyper-extension — (be 

backward bending of the back — 
to lift the shoulders and arms 
dear of the water. But using a 
float prompts a whiplash action 
which cut damage the lower 
back if sufficiently prolonged. 

Professor Cameron says: 
“Our report suggests that swim- 
mers could keep the shoulders 
well befow- the water surface 
when using a float beard on all 
prone strokes and so help relieve 
excessive stress in the lumbar 

Philip Hobble, Britain's 
Olympic butterfly silver medal 
winner, who raptured a dec in 
his lower back from ns ing 
weights, says "If I do the 
dolphin action now it is painful. 
If anyone has a weakness in 
their lower back it would defi- 
nitely affect their stroke." 

Coaches stay on 

Newport rugby dob have 
reappointed Charlie Faulkner 
and Roy Duggan as coaches for 
a third successive season. Next 
season will be Fanlkner's fifth at 
Rodney Parade as chief coach 
and he is confident of buildup 
on last season’s success when 
Newport reached the Welsh Cap 
final for the first time since 
1978. Mike Watkins, booker, 
has been selected to continue as 
captain for a fourth season. 

Cowley ruled out of 
Games for England 

Annette Cowley, the South 
African swimmer, has had her 

hopes dashed of representing 
England in the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh. Miss 
Cowley, aged 19, is competing 
in the national long-course 
championships and Gaines tri- 
als in Coventry. But David 
Reeves, the England secretary, 
admitted that the Amateur 
Swimming Association had 
made a mistake in telling Miss 
Cowley she would be able to 
compete for England. 

Miss Cowley, who is based at 
the University of Texas, has 
fallen foul of a Games residency 
rule which could also bar the 
South African-born athlete, 
Zola Budd. from the Games. 

Reeves confirmed her Games 
exclusion after consultation 
with Dick Palmer, general sec- 
retary to the Commonwealth 
Games Council for England. He 
said; “She does not answer the 
residential regulations — _ she 
'must live in England wr^six of 
the previous 12 months." Miss 
Cowley holds a British passport 
but does noi qualify because she - 
was not bora in Eng land, nor 
does she have a permanent 
home in this country. However, 
she is eligible to compete for 

237.04.- . 
ZM358. «OOm 

fours at die sixth and ninth 
ends. But be could not sustain 
that form when the psychologi- 
cal pressure intensified — and 
bowls is nothing if not a 
psychological sport. 

The bearded and bespectacled 
Milligan, a teacher and 
greenkeeper from Ontario, who 
won the bronze medal in 1984. 
also faded away. It was 9-9 after 
13 ends. Then Bransky kpi 
ahead with a four and a two on 
consecutive ends and went to 21 
with a series of singles. 

Rob Parrella. who came first 
in the pairs event earlier in the 
week, lost 21-1 S to the man who 
came last. David Cutler. 

Cutler led most of the way but 
Parrella, mixing his customary 
proportion of firing shots with 
much admirable drawing, could 
be relied on to stay the course 
and give us a walchable contest. 


W Rfchanfc (Ena) 18. 

Bransky (fau) 21. u MUgan (Can) 13; D 
Cutter (Eng) 21. R Parian (Australia) 18. 


Dunlop set 
for fourth 

By Michael Scott 

It is 10 years since the TT lost 
foil world championship status, 
bnt the anniversa r y w31 be 
forgotten w the Isle of Man 
today as the flag dime at 2J1 to 
begin what are among the 
world’s most historic motor 

First away in the Fornrela 
One TT class will be the 
I German, Klans Hein, and the 
[ irishman, Bdi Ten seconds 
later, they are followed by Joey 
Dunlop, from Ulster, dear 
Ewnrite on the works 7S0ee 
Honda RVS. The F-One dass 
carries its own “world 

championship" status, and title 

holder, Dunlop, will be looking 
for his fonrth successive victory 
in die dass. 

Later in the afternoon, the 
first id two side-car races takes 
place, with another six races 
(including two for road-legal 
prodBrtkHi motorcycles, and the 
senior toll scale grand prlx 
machines) held two a day over 
the historic 37.75 mile mountain 
circuit on alternate days until 
next Friday. 

Business as u su al, for (he 
island's biggest money spinner, 
as ferries fan to bursting with 
motor cycles ply back and forth 
as many as seven times a day. 
Hotel bookings, however, are 
down compared with previous 
years, and the glory days are 
Isag gone. 

There is already something of 
a pall era' the TT this year, 
after two fatal crashes in prac- 
tice. The latest victim was Alan 
Jervis, aged 38, a married man 
from Stoke on Trent, who died 
yesterday after the side car in 
which he was passenger swerved 
off the track dose to the start. 
Earlier in the week, a local solo 
rider, lan Ogden, was killed 


Practice has been at below lap 
record speeds, to spite of good 
cooditioas. Dunlop is only sec- 
ond fastest to a feDow Honda F- 
Oae rider, Geoff Johnson. In 
tooth place, Britain's John 
Weedon has placed the first F- 
Oae two-stroke. 

Fastest of the week has been 
Roger Marshall in foe 500cc 
senior dans. Marshall, from 
Grimbsy, along with the Smnki 
rider, Trevor Nation, ran the 
only snb-20 infantes times of 
practice. His Honda team mate 
Dunlop has had machine tronble 
with the grand prix motor cycles, 
bat again favourite. J 

Marshall, however, was 
caught speeding while rmuung 
the cir c ui t m a car earlier this 
week. Yesterday he was fined 
£85 and banned for a month, 
after being canght doing 85mph 
ia a 30mph none on- the Softy 
strait “1 shall be going lOOmph 
foster daring racing,*’ be said. 

Phillips signs 

Coventry City signed the 
Welsh international. David 
Phillips, from Manchester City 
yesterday in an exchange deal , 
which mil take the England 
Under-21 goalkeeper. Perry I 
Suckling, to Maine Road. ' | 

committee honoured a commit- 
ment to consult with them on 
major rule changes, then those 
clubs would not compete in the 
competition next season. 

“Several meetings between 
the two bodies foiled to break 
the deadlock, but now a com- 
promise has been agreed over 
the three rule changes proposed. 
Those relating to an open draw 
and changing the date of the 
final to the first Saturday in May 
will operate next season. How- 
ever, the change relating to 
exempted and seeded dubs wiD 
be deferred for one year pending 
discussions with the merit table 

Great Britain in the world 
championships in Madrid in 

August Reeves admitted: “I did 
indicate to Keith Bewley, her 
coach at Wigan, that it appeared 
that she was eligible- 1 can only 
offer her an apology." 

Miss Cdwley set the fastest 
British 1 00-metres freestyle 
time of the year on her debut tor 
the English dub, Wigan Wasps. 

Reeves will recommend that her 
performance at the Hewlett- 
Packard championships be 
given consideration for selec- 
tion for Madrid. 

But Reeves said: “I will 
recommend for her times to be 
considered. That takes a little bit 
of the sting out of the situation." 

FMALS: Mm UOn butterfly: 1, C Foot 
(luufeU). 1*21 : 2. S Paw (Stockton). 
1:2.69:3. N Fibbera (Beckenham). 1:244. 
200m butterfly: 1. N 
Wasps). 2£S£Z, 


2, P, BUkeJTorquay Lnhdar), : 
DaroytSaJfcrtf). 2:754. l^OOm 

G Donovan 
(Bflckanhani). 1 

lO In any Ovule. Tins Editors 
decision is (Inal and no corrcsooii- 
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it If for any reason. The Times 
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Jaguar leave little 
to chance for 
battle with Porsche 

’ From John Blunsden, Le Mans 

If victory at Le Mans couM be dong JJ* . JJ° tS^consfa nt 
assured simply by hard work seurs |o 8 -rhev alsofta-e a 
and dedication then theSUk Cut jtajol^P.-J • d aJ | ,hcir 
Jaguar team have already re- being P«* 3rcd 

served themselves a place on the Vn'l 

victory rostrum tomorrow. No meticulously. t 

team has been busier dunog t&e whal j, 1S /* Chuwer toW • 
past three days of preparation allowing a muesli-fr ^ 

and qualifying and notions has j on . "but thev assure 

been left to chance to what if s doing me a lot of good! H 
everybody admits is a tor- w hat he cal,s . 

midable task ahead - to topple secret weapon, m.- 

Forsehe. (rife Rifo will be cooking me lots 

of lovelv pasta during the rJ ^- 

The German company not , ,Lj2a big thing about 
only have 15 potential race ' 
winning care against Jaguar's carbohydra 
three. But they have the ines- Each car has three dmere _... « 

timabJe advantage of two de- the besi story so far conet rohiii 
cades of Le Mans experience, team's newest recruit- 
and it is in the pit and paddock Hahne. brought in as 3 
area as much as out on the race minute replacement tor i 
track where the seeds of victory Capelli. who had w crop out 
here are so often sown. due to a conflicting contracL 

Tom Walldnstaaw Racing, . t 

who are in charge 'of Jaguar's p n l A nOSlflOE 

raring effort, are no strangers to t ■ ■ 

success, but they are newcomers far JVIe&FS 

here and consequently are learn- ^ .. ru^r) - After 

ing all tiie time. Earlier this year Induuiapole ( Kemen ^ 

they bad a remaricaNy trouble- pualponcni Mts fb r OU ^ ^ 

jhxlesl on: the 8.4-mue circuit. ^ "EX 

But it turned out to be too good Indianapolis 500. 
to be true. Only when official In pole P*h£™ 
qualifying began on Wednesday Meare,_a mck 

did the problems begin to qaalifTwe sp^d nas 
manifest themselves. One by rerord 2 ,6 - 8 ^ mp ^^i P as .’' 
one they were overcome, but it With him on 
all took time and then, at the the defender. EW> S«iHi*an. 
end of the day, there was a and Michari Aflriram. a* 23 the 
major rethink. jmmgest. of the &***?•?: 

J “Mears is the gny to bea u A1 

The result is that Jaguar will Unser jnr said, lie ne 
be coming to the start line with starting his fourth may =>w 
care which are set up very race. “He has the strongest car. 
differently from when they ar- Foreign competitors inciDOe 
rived here. Derek Warwick and Roberto Guerrero, of Colmnbw, 
Eddie Cheever are both pleased Emerson Fittipaldi, of 3m* 
with the progress which has Jacques VUleneuve. of Canada, 
been made and they now feel Josele Garza, of Mexico and 
they are in with a realistic Jim Crawford of Scotland, 
chance. ■ 

"No matter how good your “It happened on Wednesday 
car, nor how well you drive, to night” explained a team mem- 
win at Le Mans you also have to ber. “Arm in had never been to 
have some good luck," Warwick Le Mans before, he had never 
says. “If it comes our way driven the car before in Le Mans 
instead of Porsche’s then we trim, he had never raced in the 
should win. Certainly we seem dark before, his headlamps were 
to have the legs of the oppo- not properly adjusted, there was 
si don down the straight and we a rain shower and the track was 
have no fuel consumption prob- partly wet and partly dry. 
lems. In fact we have a bit in lhal enough to 

hand just in case we have to ^ with he belting 
speed things up on Sunday. down , he Mu^nne sira ighi at 

“The important thing as 1 see over 200mph when suddenly he 
it," CbeevSays, 1 %tiiat with ^ »•* : pits calling I him ion i his 
the changes we have nude we radio and realized he couldn t 
now have a ‘24 horns’ car find the switch to answer, 
instead of one which is set up Getting no reply, the caller kfa 
best tor a fast tap time. The repeating ever louder 'Come in 
strategy of our thinking has Hahne, can you hear meT 
changed and we've madea lot of Equally he found the switch 
progress as a result- and back went his cun message 

™ _ * T to the pits ‘Please don't talk to 

me whcn rm busy-’ He will dine 
this team maybe, but there is no that one for a long time!" 

lack of professionalism in their «***•«“ 

preparation for the rare. For toe 

drivers U began last winter with gg2c SSi isa9sec) (average spew 
10 days of intensive physical 24e 48ekph>:2, HStuckrwmandDasn 
training at a sports dime. Here (p§0 sv K 

inT&^S : y have 

. their own caravan tor rest am) a Fwt* (Fri and d Thevs iBerj 
periods and will each take a hot Poracha 9S6B ^2fi,tO; s, E c^wever ins) 

shower after every stint at the mi b Warwick (GB) Jaguar XJR6. 
snower aner every sum ai roc ^ ^ & H Haywood ana B ReOmm 

wheeL (US) and H Hejnr (WG) Jaguar XJR-6, 

A team doctor is on hand 323^7. 

5 - 

i v 

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1 Times Portfolio to free. PurcJtose 
or The Times H not a condUkm of 
toldno pert. 


Continued from facing page 


4 The datbr cUvlilend wot be 
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HTV W ALES As Hrvwttrt 

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Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Christopher Davalle 


BBC 1 

WO Tha Saturday Picture 

Show presented by Cheryl 

Baker and Mark Curry. 
Among the guests are bat 
expert Phil Richardson; 
Janice Long; and Bucks 
Rzz. • 

11 JO FBm: Son of Sinbad (1955) 
starring Date Robertson 
and Vincent Price. Sinbad 
Is captured by the Caliph 

- of Baghdad-Directedby 

1230 Grandstand introduced by 
Steve Rider. The Un©~up 
is: 1235 Footbatt: Worn 
Cup preview; TOO News 
summary and weather; 

1.10 Motes' Racing: the ' 
(nefianapofis 500:1.50 
Boxing: Sammy Reeson v 
Jose Seys at York Hall; 

- 2.15 and 130 Show 
Jumping: the Everest 
Double Glazing class at 

Hickstead; 3.TO 
Swimming: the Hewlett . 
Packard ASA National 
Long Course 

Cup: a preview of. 
tonight's opening match 
between Italy and 

450 News with Moira Stuart 
Weather. SjOO - 
Sport/Regtonal news. - 

555 The Keith Hams Show 
with singer Nick Heyward; 
comedians The Simmons 
Brothers; and flautist 
BertSen Stenberg. 


550 Whatever Happened to 
the Lately Lads? This 
evening may are 

- discover a football score 
before the highlights of the 
match on teteviaon in the 
evening, (r) 

6.10 World Cup Grandstand, 
the opening ceremony 
followed by coverage of _ 
the Group A game 
between the holders, Italy, 
and Bulgaria. The 
commentators at the 

Azteca Stadium, Mexico 
City, are John Matson and 
Jimmy Hitt, with comment 
from Bobby Chariton and 
Terry Vertebtes ■ 

950 Cagney and Lacey. Mary 
Beth prepares to return to 
the beat after the bfeth of 
her baby; and her partner, 
Christine, fe puzzled why a 
top ffigtrt West Point cadet 
refuses to defend himself 
on a cocaine possession 
charge- (Ceefex) 

950 News and Sport With 
Moira Stuart Weather. 

1055 Font Convoy (1978) 

starring Kris Kristonerson, 

. AS Macgraw and Ernest 
Borgntafe Truckers are 
caught speeding in 
Arizona by the notorious 
• Sheriff WaSace. The 
truckers call for . 
reinforcements and are 
soon In a hfeh-awed 
convoy making lor the. 
state fine, scattering afl 
before them. Directed by 
Sam Peckinpah. (Ceafax) 

1150 fifac The Fly (1958) 

starring Vincent Price and 
- — HartwrtMerthattHorror * 
tate'of a scientist who 
discovers a way of 


Directed by Kurt . . 

1-20 Weather. 




9-25 Get Fmahl at the 

Carmunnock Highland • 
Games. 1150 
Tena hawto . 

1250 News with Pamela 

1255 Sehrt and Greevale’s 

World Cup. Ian and Jimmy 

: news 1250 
Two bouts from 
Hall, Walkden. 

150 FBne Bronk (1975) starring 
Jack Paiance. A made-for- 
teievteion drama about a 
poficeman who continues 
his investigations Into a 
drug-dealing case after he 
has been unjustly removed 
from the force because of 
a narcotics scandaL 
Directed by Richard 

Dormer. . 

2.45 Schoolboys’ International 
Footbafl. Brian Moore 
introduces five coverage 
of the game at Wembley 
between England and 

550 News. 

555 Benson. Benson is a racy 
magazine's 'Bachelor of 
the Month' and Is 
inundated with tove letters. 

555 Robin of Sherwood. Much 
Is captured t^ the Sheriff 
of Nottingham who 
threatens to hang him. But 
Adam Bed an ageing 
outlaw, kidnaps the 
Sheriffs nephew and the 
Sheriff is forced to bargain 
for his nephew's fife with 
-that of Much's. (Grade) 

650 CMcFa Play. Roy Hudd 
and Nicola Pagett try to 

decipher young children's 

descriptions of everyday 
things, (r) 

750 Canon and Bafl. The final 
show of the comedyseries. 

750 The Price is Right Game 

650 Tales of the Unexpected; 
Fat Chance. John and 
Frances are madly in love 

but cannot many because 
John's large wife refuses 
- to give han a divorce. 
When Frances gives John 
an ultimatum, he hits on a 
novel way of breaking the 
deadlock, (r) 

950 News and sport 
9.15 OA.T5.EySS. Maggie 
encounters a romantic 
KGB agent who preys an 
the Whitehall spinsters. 

10.15 Film: The Day of the 
Jackal (1973) starring 
Edward Fox and A/an 
BadsL A fine version of 
the tense thrffler by 
Frederick Forsyth about 
an assassination attempt 
: on President deGauBe. A 
. disgruntled OAS leader _ 
hires an&rgUsh 'hit-man' 
to do the deed Directed 


12-45 lot Newt headfines 
foMowed by Spatial 
Squad. The poOcemen are 
on the traB erf a group of 
Vtetriam War veterans 
with a secret past 
150 Mgbt Thoughts. 

ins with 'A' 

Univarsfty. Until 

1.55 Ceefax. 

250 Fibre La beBeet la bote* 

1.15 Channel Four Racing from 
Ne w m a ri te t The Hasten 
Diat PUs Maiden Stakes 
(1 3(^ the Holstan^Ergirt 

Handicap Stakes 

and Richard Burton. 

Drama about the first class 
passengers of an aircraft 
forced to stay overnight at 
London Airport because of 

855 NewsView. Today's news 
with Moira Stuart; a review 
of the week’s happenings' 
in pictures with subtitles 
from Sue Carpenter. 

8.45 Bath tatemationte 
Festival Preview 
presented by Michael 

950 Bath International 
FestivaL The first of a 
series of six programmes. 
A recital from the Theatre 
Royal featuring the French 
celnst, Paul Tortelier, 
accompanied by his 
daughter, Maria da la Pau, 
playing works by 
Schubert, Faure, Debussy 
and Brahms. 

1050 Film: Orphee* (1950) 

starring Jean Marais and 
Francos Perier. Jean 
Cocteau's veraion of the 

a successful poet, meets 
Death in the shape of an 
elegant princess being 
driven In a luxury motor 
car. (EngHsh subtitles) 
1250 fibiuLe testament 

(fOrphee* (1959) starring 

Jean Marais and Maria 

Casares. This third and 
final Win in today’s trfeuta 
to Jean Cocteau is an 
autobiographical trip 
through time, guided by a 
scientist, in search of an 
identity. (Engfish subtitles) 1 
Ends at 1.25* 

245 FBbkMHEoci Dollar 
Mermaid (1952) starring 
Victor Mature »id Esther 
Wiliams. The ffctionaSzed 
biography of an Australian 
swimming star of the 
Twenties, Annette 
Kellerman. Directed by 
Mervyn Leroy. 

4.45 FBm: La Cloche* (1964) 
The short story of a man 
who Is trapped by a bell 
when shanking from a 
thunderstorm. Directed by 
Jean L’Hote. 

555 Brookskle. (rXOracte) 

650 Right to Reply. Television 
producer, David Cohen. 

■ c/aims the Open the Box 
programme. Real People, 
did not tell the whole story. 
The makers defend. 

650 News summary and 
weather followed by 
‘ Streets Ahead. Thfe first 
of a new Mack (fence 
series. Followed by Dance 
- Moves, a film that fotows 
the progress of a group of 
eight dancers in rehearsal 

750 Africa. Part six examines 
Europe's conquest of the 
continent (r) 

850 Pottery Lades. Part one 
of a repeated four- 
programme series about 
the Fives mid works of 

1055 France 

French talk about 
themselves and their 
country, (r) 1120 Micro 
FB®, Fred Harris presents 
a selection of arcade 
games 1145 The 
Learning Machine. The 
use of micros m 

12.10 Family History. Gordon 
Honeycombs continues 
tra drafts family tree, (r) 
1255 Femsng. A review 
of the preparations tor the 
Ministry of Agriculture's 

1.00 TMs Week Next Week. 
Prospects for the 

1458kHz/206m: VHF 94J9; World Sonde# MF 648kHz/463m. 

Show, (r) 

350 Ftou The Wicked Lady* 


Presented by Sir Hugh 
Wheldon. (Ceefax) (r) 

650 News with Jan L^errung. 

640 Praise BeL Popular hymn 
presented by Thora Htrd. 

7.15 Film: AH Creatures Great 
and Small (1974) starring 
Simon Ward ana Anthony 
Hopkins. James Harriot's 
biographical best sailers 

surgeon in rural Yorkshire. 

«csa Momtng nw 
begins with ’A Thought for 
a Sunday’; 750 Are you 
Awake Yet?; 755 Cartoon; 
750 Wide Awake Club 
extra; 8.10 Jeni Barnett's 
Pick of the Week; 857 
Nows headlines. 

850 Jonathan Dimbleby on 


955 Wake Up London. The 
Vtoous Boys go camping 
955 Woody end Friend*. 
Cartoons SL45 Roger 
Ramjet Cartoon. 

1050 Morrow Worship from St 
GeorgeTs Roman Catholic 
Church, York. 1150 
Getting On. Zekta Curtis, 
a former journalist 
examines the way the 
media befittte the older 

1150 Live and Learn. Anew 
series on residential 
learning begins with a 
sailing school on Arran 
and an abseffing course In 

1250 Weekend World. Brian 
Walden examines what 
will be at stake in the 
coming battle within the 
cabinet over public 
spending. 155 PoUee 5. 

1 . 1 5 The Smurfs. Cartoon 
series, (rj 150 SmaB 
Wonder. American 
domestic comedy series. 

250 Revelations. The first of a 
new series pre se nted by 
Eric Robson. Two Rabbis, 
Reuven SBverman and 
Michael Boyden recan the 
revelation that changed 
their Sves. 

250 LWT News headlines 
followed by FBm: 240- 

University. Until 




4 1? i- 1 

RttfiO 1:1 053kHz/285m.*t 089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247nr 
9Z5: RatSo 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-96; UteJ152kte/281m: VHF 975b Capttab 1548kHz/194m: VHF 955; BBC Radio London 

of the top acts to be found 
. on the London cabaret 

1250 News; Weather 1253 

VHF In England and 

S Wales only] as above 
except 555850nn Weather; 
Travel 155-250pm 
Programme News 450-850 
0ptiorrs:450 Nursing 
History 450 Parties and Party 
Hate. 550 So you want to 
be a writer. 550 Groundswefi. 

ihe history of me Isle of 
Man; and the history and 
archftecfure of Lincoln 
Cathedra] from 1072. 

9.15 News wftri Jan Learning. 

950 That's Life investigates 
Londoners' reaction to 
Mrs Thatcher's dean-up 
London campaign. 

10.15 Heart of the Matter. An 
examinations justices 

Northern Ireland and the 
controversial supergrass 

1050 World Cup Grandstand. 
Desmond Lynam 
introduces coverage of the 
Group C game between 
France and Canada. The 
co mmenta tors at the 
Cam pa Nuevo Statium, 
Leon, are Barry Davies 
and Bobby Chariton. 

.1255 Weather. 

550 Albion 

6.00 News with Pamela 

6.10 Winner Takas Afl. Game 
show presented by Jimmy 

640 World Ciro 86, introduced 
by Brian Moore. Coverage 
of the Brazfl v Spun game 
at the Jalisco Stadium, 

950 Alfred Hitchcock 

Presents: Beast in View. 

A woman hears a voice 
threatening heron her 

machine. It sounds like her 
first husband who died 
four years ago in an 
accident but whose body 
was never found. 

950 News. 

945 Love and Marriage: 
Glorious Day, by Gwen 
Cherrall. It is a wedding 
day with a difference for 
Gloria Gamble. Starring 
Helen BHzard. 

: 1045 LWT News headlines 
followed by Film: 
California Suite (1978) 
starring Alan Alda, 

Michael Caine, Jane 
Fonda and Waiter 
Matthau. Drama about 
four groups of guests 



1255 Night Thoughts. 

Eric Lord usas archive' 
recordings to reveal the 

155 Sunday Grandstand 

introduced by Sieve Rider. 
From 2.00 Cricket a John 
Player Special League 
match between Hampshire 
and Nottinghamshire.Pl us, 
Swimming: the Hewlett 
Packard ASA National 
Long Course 
Championship.' and, at 
450 Show Jumping: the 
Nations Cup from 
Hickstead; followed by 
Footbafl: an appraisal of 
the French and Italian 
World Cup teams. 

640 The Money Programme. 
Can Thorn EMi afford to 
put money into their loss- 
making Super Ship 
project; and an 
investigation into 
Japanese share-buying 

7.15 Nature introduced by Tony 
Soper with lain Guest 
How much energy do 
ducks use when diving for 
food? And, the 
privatization of the water 
Industry - will it make any 
difference to wild life and 
the countryside? 

745 The World About Us: bite 
Orbis. The story of the 
remarkable Project Orbis, 
a flying eye hospital 
manned by volunteer 
doctors, nurses, engineers 
and administrators. 

855 Bath International 
Festival. In the historic 
Assembly Rooms, the 
Melos Quartet of Stuttgart 

a Schubert's String 
let in c, with Hans 
HauWeln (second cello). 

945 Don WM Hans's Last 
Ctimb. Thirty years after 
pioneering a new route up 
one of North Wales's most 
difficult cliff faces Don 
Wh'dlans and Joe Brown 
re-traced their steps for 
the cameras. During thB 
ascent the two men 
reminisce about other 
expedtionsand about the 
first time they conquered 
this 'undimbable' 
Cemetery Gates route. 

10.15 Fibn: Tall Me a Riddle 
(1980) starring Metvyn 
Douglas and Ola Kedrova. 
The story of an elderly 
couple, the husband who 
wants to sell up their 
house and move to a 
retirement home, the wife 
who cannot face leaving 
the place where she 
brought up the family after 
fleeing from the revolution 
in Russia, of which she 
has vivid memories. 
Directed by Lee Grant 

1145 international Show 

Jumping. Highlights of this 
afternoon’s Nations Cup 
from Hickstead. Ends at 

Opera Orchestra and 
Chorus, under Dennis 
RusseU Davies, with Toni 
Kramer in the lead role. Act 

250 The Living Poet Peter 
Porter roads from his 
recent works. 

240 Konig Hfrach. Acts 2 and 
3, lncl4.10 Interval 

5.15 New Premises. Arts 
magazine with Stephen 

650 National Gallery Concert 
Recorded I972^rr and 

With James Bowman and 
John Shirley-Oniric. 

Includes Britten's Canticle II: 
Abraham and Isaac; 
Schubert's Der Atlas; Der 
Wanderer. Lrtanei; 

Britten's Canticle /V: Journey 
of the Magi; Schutz's Die 
Seele Chnsti heilige mich; 
Purcell, real Britten.. 

7.10 French Tone Poems. 

ana Franck (Las Ed ices). 

750 Bath International 
Festival 1986, from 
Assembly Rooms, Bath. Part 
1: Melos Quartet of 
Stuttgart plays Haydn's 
Quartet In D. Op 71 No 2; 
Ravel's Quartet in F. 

855 Poetry in Its Place. A 
Polish poet living In 
England.- Adam czemfawski- 

845 Bath Festival 1986 (part 
2). Simultaneous 
broadcast with BBC2. 
Schubert's Quintet in C 

945 Dedicated to Messiaen. 

BBC Symphony 
Orchestra plays George 
Benjamin's Ringed by the 
Flat Horizon and Mesdaen's 

1055 Mendelssohn. Piano Trio 
in D minor. Op 59, played 

§ f the Stuttgart Piano Trio. 

uillaume de Machaut 
TWo lars performed in 
contrasting realizations by 
the New London 

1157 News 1250 Closedown. 

VHF only from 635- 
655am. Open University: 
Organic Chemistry. 


155 Irish Angle • Patterns. A 
profile of Fred CarrcHi-a 
rock collector. 

150 Fife): Othello (1965) 

starring Laurence Olivier, 
Maggie Smith, Frank 
Finlay and Derek Jacobi. 
The screen version of the 
National Theatre 
production at the Old Vic 
which opened in April 
1964. in celebration of the 
400th anniversary of 
Shakespeare's birth. 
Directed by Stuart Burge. 

450 muston. A animated short 
by Frederic Back about a 
group of children who are 
mesmerized by an evil 

445 Durreti In Russia. Gerald 
and Lee Durrefl continue 
their wildlife tour of Russia 
with visits to torse desert 
regions - Bukhara, Badhyz 
and the Kalmyk Republic 

5.15 News summary .and 
weather foflowed by The 
Business Programme. An 
examination or the new, 
computerized dealing 
systems for Securities 
trading after the 'bio 
bang’; and an 
with the Chairman of 
Courtaulds, Sir 
Christopher Hogg- 

650 Athletics: International 
Road Racing. This third 
and final race of the 
current series comes from 

7.00 Second Glance. FOmk: 
impressions of The 
Amazing Moments of the 
Great Traction Engines. 

7.15 Land of the Eastern 
Borders. Melvyn Bragg is 
the guide for this tour of 
the ancient battles- 
ravaged kingdom of 
Northumbria, and the 
mysteries of Holy Island. 

8.15 People to People: The 
Work They Say is Mine. A 
documentary about the 
women of the Shetland 

^ 15 ^HJ^Bat^tosalind 8 ^ 
Ayres, Ray Smith and 
Brenda Bruce star in this 
drama about a young 
woman who is nired out by 
her parents as a skivvy to 
the viHage scrap merchant 
and his Bed-ridden wife. 

10.15 FflmrThe Captive Heart* 
(1946) starring Michael 
Redgrave and Rachel 
Kempson. Second World 
War drama following the 
fortunes of various British 
prisoners-of-war over a 
period from 1940. Directed 
by Basil Dearden. 

12.10 Rkir The Eighty Days* 
(1944) A'portrait of the 
south of England under 
toe cosh from intensive V 
1 rocket raids. The 
commentator is Ed 
Murrow. Directed by 
Humphrey Jennings. Ends 
at 1255. 

News on toe hour. Headunas 
730am. World Cup Match reports- 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on trie half hour untf 
1130am. then 230pm, 330, 450, 
6.00am Mark Page 850 Peter 
Powell 10.00 Mike Read 1230 
Jimmy SavHe's Old Record 
Club: 1982, 1976 and 1970 230 
American Bandstand 
John Hiatt 330 Radio 

12.00 The Rankin' Miss P with 
Culture Rock (S) VHF RADIOS 1 
and 2 .-4.00pm As Radto 2 250pm 
Caught in the Act World's 

with Sounds Easy 450 
Jazz Classics in Stereo: Nbw 
O rleans in the 20s (s) 430 Sin 
Something Simple (s) 550 As 
1 12.00-4.00 As Radio 2 


Radio 2 

On meeflum wave. VHF 
variations at end o! Radio 1. 




Fast pablished in 1785 

* * 

* + ** 

Uruguay have the credentials 

From David Miller 
Mexico Gty 

.-Sr - **%.■>. 

Jan Molby arrived lo join 
ihc Danish squad preparing 
for ihe World Cup in Bogota 
and told Sepp Piomek. ihe 
Danish manager, that he was 
exhausted. A season of English 
industrial football had ex- 
pended his vitality. His frank 
admission is more sobering 
for England than it is even for 
the Danes. Vitality will help 
determine who wins these 
thirteenth World Cup finals 
which begin today against a 
background of thousands liv- 
ing in tents following last 
year's earthquake and hun- 
dreds of thousands in perma- 
nent squalor. 

Lineker. England's most po- 
tent scorer, can hardly expect 
to find the mercurial touch 
with which Rossi won the cup 
for Italy in Spain — and which 
has now deserted him — after 
the slog of a 60-match season. 
Were this the Olympics, any 
athlete would rate his chance's 
slim after such previous com- 
petitive demands. 

Value of Shilton 
will be immense 

England do, however, have 
an ace without equal in this 
field of 24 in Shilton, their 
goalkeeper. At 37. he is still 
worth a goal and possibly two 
against most other teams. His 
value is such that without him 
I doubt if England would 
progress past 'the second 
round. Even with him. an 
England team which has had 
doubts about too many posi- 
tions. will have to play unex- 
pectedly well to justify camp 
optimism. Without Bryan 
Robson, they have no other 
world-class player, although 
Hoddlc has exceptional skill 
as yet internationally unful- 
filled. Can Hoddle stand the 
heat, in every sense? 

Anyone wishing to place a 
bet should look for teams that 
are settled in selection and 
formation, have at least four 
players of outstanding skill 

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Maradona: If this exceptional player gets the protection from referees that he deserves then spectators at the World Cap finals will sorely benefit 

and intelligence, use economic 
possession football, and are 
not harassed by problems of 
temperament dr too intense 
national expectation. Italy, the 
holders, who start their de- 
fence today, fit only the 
second and third of these 
qualities at present, I suspect. 

Temperament is in fart 
probably England's next 
strongest ace after Shilton, 
while another could be the use 
of consistent high balls 
crossed to Haieley's head. 
This will unnerve any team. 
Should England do well, it will 
be because they are playing to 
a traditional pattern dissimi- 
lar to anyone else. There are 
probably seven or eight teams 
better at the possession game. 

The five teams who appear 

to have at least three of the 
four qualifications which I 
have listed are Uruguay. Den- 
mark. the European finalists 
France and Spain, and Argen- 
tina. Three others with the 
same kind of temperamental 
stability as England are the 
Soviet Union. Belgium and 
Bulgaria. These would be my 
somewhat bold prediction for 
the quarter-finals. No Italy. 
Brazil or England! It will, of 
course, suit England far better 
to come second in the first 
round, so as lo play the 
runners-up in Mexico's group, 
rather than win their group 
and face the runners-up of 
Uruguay’s and Denmark’s 
group. Should they qualify in 
third place they meet the 
winner of either the Spanish or 

French group. 

It seems that Italy, unsure of 
not merely Rossi but their 
whole fabric, will play for 
security and another of those 
drawn opening matches this 
morning. In spite of riots on 
the pitch, bribery and impris- 
onment in Bulgarian football 
two seasons ago, Ivan Vutzov, 
the Bulgarian manager who 
was a defender in the 1966 
final in England, has a side 
which might have the nerve to 
unhinge Italy just as Belgium 
did against Argentina in 1982. 
Bulgaria have beaten Den- 
mark and Uruguay in recent 
friendlies, and have prepared 
well, including acclimatiza- 
tion in Toluca in February. 

Adaptation to the climatic 
environment is the largely 

unknown factor affecting ev- 
eryone but the hosts. As 
previously suggested, Mexico 
will have colossal home ad- 
vantage. loo. and the pressure 
imposed by it on referees, but 
that pressure may rebound on 
the players just as it did on the 
Spanish four years ago. For 
the Europeans, the first round 
will soon show their physical 
condition. Northern Ireland's 
endurance work, for instance, 
may have been more valuable 
than Scotland's speed work in 
Santa Fe. The Irish could well 
qualify for the last 16. 

Inevitably, there has been 
unrest within some squads 
over financial wrangling. 
France are at it. the dressing 
room full of Gallic gestures 
before they went out and lost 

2-0 to the first division side 
Pumas on Wednesday; Portu- 
gal appear to have resolved 
their row. As usual, disharmo- 
ny exists between some man- 
agers and prominent players. 
Franz Beckenbauer is under 
fire by his men for saying last 
week that they cannot win the 
Cup: they grumbled, he re- 
tracted. But he has allegedly 
already made an appointment 
at home in Austria for the last 
week in June. Brazil are said 
by one of their most experi- 
enced officials to be in worse 
disarray than in any World 
Cup in memory. The ageing, 
injured Zico, talked into the 
squad by public demand, is 
apparently now trying to ad- 
vise Tele Santana whom to 
select. The first match on 

Zico an unlikely starter for Brazil 

Mexico (Agencies) - Zico. 
whose fitness is a matter of 
national importance to Brazil- 
ian football supporters, scored 
three goals in two practice 
games on Thursday, but the 
coach. Tele Santana, said he 
was unlikely to be in Brazil’s 
starting team against Spain 

Brazil scored comprehen- 
sive wins over two local sides 
and Zico, who is recovering 
from an injured left knee, said 
after playing for a total of 80 
minutes: “I am not tired and 
I'm ready for Spain." But 
Santana, who will name the 
side today, said Zico was not 
likely to stan the match. “Zico 
looked fine today but is still 
not 100 per cent fit” Santana 

Rafael Gordilto. Spain's 
captain, may miss the match. 
The Real Madrid midfield 
player has been confined to 
bed for the last two days with a 
stomach upset If he is ruled 
out Julio Albert of Barcelo- 
na. will step in. 

Tomorrow's other match is 
between France and Canada 
in Leon. 

Overcoming the scorching 
sun, the Soviet Union brought 
on their leading forward. 
Protasov, as they defeated a 
local team 12-1 on on Thurs- 
day in their second warm-up 
match in as many days in 
preparation for their opening 
match against Hungary on 
Monday. Protasov, who had 
been in bed for two da\s with 

a throat infection and fever, 
came on early in the second 
half but did not score. 

West Germany's last game 
before the finals turned into a 
gentle romp on Thursday 
when they beat a Queretaro 
youth side 12-1. The manager, 
Franz Beckenbauer, took the 
opportunity to give his entire 
squad match practice except 
for the captain. Karl-Heinz 
Rummenigge, who is still 
getting back to full fitness after 
a leg injury. 

West Germany play their 
opening game against Quere- 
taro on Wednesday against 
Uruguay, whose leading for- 
ward. Enzo Francescoli. 
scored a penalty on Thursday 
as Uruguay defeated the Mexi- 

can first division club, Toluca, 

1 - 0 . 

By turns angry and exasper- 
ated, Argentina's Diego 
Maradona said on Thursday 
he was “very well in the knee 
and in the head," despite 
Italian Press speculation that a 
specialist bad been sum- 
moned to attend to an old 

The forward also com- 
plained about the FIFA presi- 
dent. Joao Havelange. who on 
Wednesday shrugged oft com- 
plaints from European and 
Latin American players about 
the noon kick-off scheduled 
for most of the 52 World Cup 
games, and about a Mexican 
newspaper for urging fans to 
favour South Korea in their 
match on Monday. 



(Tap Mo In ouch group and tha four best 
tfmf-ptacsd teams quaffy for Brnsnoond- 
round knock-out prime.) 


: Qrmd C: France v Canada 
(Leon, 11 pm). Group Dr Brad v Spain 
(Jalisco. Guadalajara. 7pm). 

JUNE £ Group A: Argentina v South 
Korea (Oirrotec. M axi m City. Tjxn) 
Group C: Soviet Union v Hungary 
(lrapu 8 to. 7pm). Group ft Poland v 
Morocco (Umsreitana. Monterrey, 11 

JUNE & Grot*) & Betaken v Maxim 
(Azteca. Mexico City, 7pm) Group ft 
Algeria v Northern Ireland P da Marzo, 


JUNE 7: Group Be Maxim v Paraguay 
(Aztaca. Maxim Ctty. 7pm). Onp ft 
Span v Northern Inland (3 da Marzo. 
Guadalajara. 7pm). Qoap ft Poland v 
PorUx^runiversrtario. Monterrey. 1 1pm). 
JUNES: Group Be Belgun v Iraq (Toluca. 
7pm). West Germany v Scotland (Que- 
retaro, 7pm), Uruguay v Denmark 
(Nezshuatoyott, llpmL 


Guadalajara. 7pm). Group F: Portugal v 
England (Techrvoldgtco, Mo n terrey. 

JUf« * Group 
(Toluca, 7pm). Gra*> E: WesT ( 

Uruguay (Queretaro. 7pm). I 
Denmark (Nazahuaicoyotl. Up 
JUNE & Group A: Italy 
(Pbebla. 7pm|, Boigana v : 

(Okmpico. Mexico Gty, 11 pm). Group C: 
Franca * Soviet Uraon (LeOn. 7pmL 
JUNE & Group C: Canada * Hungary 
(Jrapuato. 7pm). Groip ft Braztf v Algeria 
(Moca Guadalajara, 7pm). Cmg ft 
England « Morocco (TocftnoKiglco 
Monterrey, 11 pm). 


. v Arge ntina 
v South Korea 

.i Ac Italy v South Korea 
7pm); Bulgaria » Argentina 
. a. Mew* City. 7pm) 

: 11: Group B: Mexico v Iraq (Azieca, 
Maxim CMy. 7pm); Belgium v Paraguay 
(Toluca 7pm) Groep F: England v Pdfand 
(Umversitario. Monterrey. Ilpmt Mo- 
rocco v Portugal 0 da Marzo, Guada- 

mv ■ 

Ireland (JaHsco. Guadalajara, 7pm); Spain 
v Algeria (TechnoKiglco. Monterrey. 7pm) 
JUNE li Om 147 E West Qamany v 
Denmark (Queretaro. 7pm ^ Unguay v 
Scotland (Nezahualmyotl. 7pm) 


JU*E 1Ee Win ner s of group B v tfrird- 
ptacad In A. C or D (Aztaca. Mexico City, 
7pmjpMmerwfl be numbv 8 far quarter- 
final schedule) Whiners of grot*) C v 
thed-ptaced In jroup A. B or F (LeOn, 

2 (Aztaca, Mexico City, 7pm) 
3 v 4 (Puebla, llpmj 

[Winner C) 
[Winner D) 

1 1pm) [Winner: • 


JUNE 2S: A v B (Jabsco, Guadalajara. 
7pm) C v D (AztBca. Mexico City. 1 1 pm) 

JUNE 28 (Puebla, 7 pm) 


JUNE 2 S (Aztaca. Mexico Oty, 7pm) 

At last 

the Wessex Roof 
—a permanent 
answer to 
leaking flat roofs 

To anyone who has heen 
afflicted "wish the problem .■( 
water penetration 
with fid! roof*, it mu-t h.i\c 
seemed lh;it there wj% never 
j-nins: to he an answer to ihi- 
coniimidl problem. Well, .ii 
long Lint, ihe problem i- 
solved. A nuiien.iilv 

company wiihprarelK-Nlrnii! 

Scotland to the Channel 
Islands now oilers pr<<di:ei 

which will p"l an end in 

leaking fiat rooN otKe 

for -til- The Glass Fibre 
system is based on the la«e%i 
resin and cl at* fibre 
techniques. which are 
especially suited lor il.n 
roots, and its w nnh lias hey n 
tried and lesfed in kmis all out ihe 
country. This product is 
lilted by our experts .md s.m 
he used on ary tl.n rt«>i. 
from the si/e a sus.a| 
•j.iraue or home eM eil-ion (■• 
commercial :*nJ 

The basic principle entails 
the f.ts me of a moist tire 
prooj glass lib re m.ii on to j 
bed i-f specially tormu laicd 
resin. This forms :i seal s»> 
waler-lieht lhat il d< ie> not 
mat ter it the finished surface 
i- not le\ el. li«cn standme 
a ilyr y.Mlllol psltetrjle this 
remarkd* 1 !*? pn'diiet s miper- 
■■ ii'u» mitIjcv This prodtki 
can he tpplied lo any sur- 
M.v. no mailer ihe condi- 
1 1- >n Such is ihc confidence 
in ihc Wessex Kool llte 
i real mcni is cuaranieed Tor 

year' ,mj ihis giiaraniee 
applies uiiia 'iidiiinn. illy . ir- 
rcspeelive u! ihe Male n| llte 
e\i>np^ rm ‘l. 

Ihe («*«•/ finish cun be 
coloured In suit your 

en\ n-ntiiiem. 

1 Ills product has alreadv acclaim I mm n< n 
"ill'. hundieJs .<1 satislicd 
met.-, bin ir«»m the national 

pre-s .mil spyeialisis 

p.isl m We"c\. I r:./!-.' i I :m * Hi-. • ir.>\ - 
P.irk-.’.ilC flidU-' ' l r.nm i- r.; I 1 1, 
So- f.iiTip reuu:: '. : 

* PlcasC --end lurt.i* > tli.-i.iH- 
g Name ... 

■ Address . 

! _ ol-:.. 

I roltintcrsial 1 h -n t*'". 

^Oru-lepiwns: "?ns - : : 

T 31 -S/S 6 


Selectors could face a dilemma 

Paul Downton may require 
the considerable influence of 
David Gower, his captain, to 
keep him in the England side 
for next week's firsi Cornhill 
Test against India at Lord's. 
The selectors could make a 
change after remaining loyal 
to the Middlesex wicketkeeper 
for the last 22 consecutive 
Tests spanning four series, 
two at home and those io India 
and the West Indies. 

faces Cruz 

Barry McGuigan will meet 
Sieve Cruz, of the United 
States, in defence of his World 
Boxing .Association feather- 
weight title in Las Vegas on 
June 23. 

Cruz, the 1981 Golden 
Gloves ehampion who has a 
professional record of 15 
knockouts in 26 contests, 
replaces Fernando Sosa, who 
has undergone an eye opera- 
tion in Buenos Aires. The 
Argentinian's second with- 
drawal from a title bout has 
forced Barney Eastwood. Mc- 
Guigan's manager, to sign four 
new- spamng partners. 

Squad extras 

The Wigan halfback. Shaun 
Edwards, and the forward. 
Shaun Wane, have been added 
to the Great Britain Rugby 
League players preparing for 
next season's visit by- 


General Motors and 
Vauxhail have teamed up to 
sponsor football’s ‘‘fifth 
division" — the Alliance Pre- 
mier - for £500.000 over the 
next two seasons. 

Downton has invariably 
been able to rely on Gower's 
support at the selectorial 
meetings, but the emergence of 
Steven Rhodes, of Worcester- 
shire; Bruce French, of Not- 
tinghamshire. and Jack 
Richards, of Surrey, could 
threaten his position. 

His handling in the two 
recent Texaco Trophy match- 
es was not of top international 
standard and his batting has 


Leconte: wild card 

Sudden switch 

Derek Whileford is the new 
manager of Airdrieonians - 
only three weeks after becom- 
ing manager of zheir Scottish 
first division rivals. Dumbar- 
ton. Jim Fleeting. Whiteford‘s 
assistant at Dumbarton, is 
also moving to Airdrie. 

Irving picked 

Loma Irving, aged 39 and a 
marathon runner, is the first 
Scottish woman athlete to be 
selected for the Common- 
wealth Games. Mrs Irving 
look up marathon running 
four years ago after watching 
Joyce Smith win the London 
event at the age of 44. 

never quite fulfilled its prom- 
ise at Test leveL In his last 20 
innings, Downton has trade 
just one half century in an 
aggregate of 215 runs at an 
average of 13.43. 

It is possible that Peter May 
and his panel could reward 
loyalty by plnmping for 
French, who has been on the 
last two England tours, with- 
out budging Downton from the 
number one spot. 

Jordan enters 

Kathy Jordan, ranked 
No. 15 in the world and 
holder of the Wimbledon 
doubles title with Elizabeth 
Smylie. is a late entry into the 
Dow Chemical Classic, the 
pre-Wimbledon women's 
grass court championships, to 
be played at Edgbaston from 
June 9 to 15. Henri Leconte, of 
France, the world No. 10. has 
been awarded a wild card 
entry inio the Bristol Trophy, 
the men's pre-Wimbledon 
grass court championships, 
being played at Redland 
Green. Bristol from June 16 
to 21. 

Lions opener 

The British Lions amateurs 
open fheir fifth Australian 
Rugby league tour tomorrow 
against Western Australia at 
Perth. Great Britain are led by 
Blair, from Workington, and 
include three new caps, 
Nason. Owen and Brentiey. 

TEAM: S Currier (WWnes), N 
McCulloch (Leigh), R Shone 
(Manes). K Nason (Doncaster). B 
Richardson (Whitehaven). G Coates 
(Leeds). D Beswick (Widnes), t 
Owen (Leigh), G Brantley (Brad- 
ford). M Hough (OWhamk K 
Fairbank (Halifax). R Blair 
(Workington), J Perdval (Wfdnesk 
Substitutes: D Tata (Dewsbury). S 
Cmcfteson (Hud). G Rose (Leeds), J 
Emson (Warrington). 


Russians fail to turn 
up for big meeting 

From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 
San Jose, California 

The Mobil grand prix circuit 
begins here today with a meta- 
phoric cloud hanging over the 
sun-kissed, celebrated sky-blue 
track at San Jose City College. It 
is another type of invisible cloud 
from the Soviet Union which is 
causing the consternation. In- 
visible. because the seven top 
Soviet athletes who were an- 
nounced for this meeting with 
such acclaim have failed lo turn 

All that the organizers have 
gleaned from Soviet sources so 
tar is that there was trouble 
getting visas in Moscow, 
whether from the Soviet or 
American authorities nobody 
knows. But it is a great dis- 
appointment especially since 
Cable News Network, who are 
organizing the Goodwill Games, 
the US-Soviet “thrash” in Mos- 
cow in August had put up extra 
TV money to bring the athletes 

Ben Bonnaoo, the organizer, 
summed it up with some an- 
guish yesterday when he said. 
“We put the best damned meet 
together we've ever had. and 
this happens.” He should not be 
too upset. The rest of the entry is 
as breathtaking as the meeting's 
name. Bruce Jenner’s Bud Light 

Despite losing to Harvey 
Glance in a wind-assisted 
1 0.08 see to I0.l4sec in Modesto 
two weeks ago. Cari Lewis is 
confident enough of his form to 
double at 1 00 and 200 metres, 
the first lime he has run the 
longer distance since the Olym- 
pic season in 1984. 

Glance runs again in the 100 
metres this afternoon, as do 
Calvin Smith, the world record 
holder, and Kirk Baptiste. 
Lewis's training partner and 
runner-up to Ttim in the Olym- 
pic 200 metres, but best known 
in Britain for his 300 metre 
victory over Lewis at Crystal 
Palace immediately after the 

But the match everyone is 
looking forward to in the 100 

metres is Ben Johnson against 
Lewis. The Jamaica n-bom Ca- 
nadian was missed at the end of 
the last season when the Ameri- 
can magazine Track and Field 
News ranked him the season's 
second to Lewis. For Johnson 
had beaten die Olympic cham- 
pion in Zurich, lost to him in 
Cologne, and then when Lewis 
pulled out of the World Cup in 
Canberra, Johnson ran the sixth 
fastest lime ever, 10.00 seconds 
into a headwind, to establish 
himself as the long-range 
favourite for the Common- 
wealth Games short sprint. The 
interest in the 200 metres, a pan 
from Lewis and Baptiste, again 
will be the running of young- 
siers. Joe De Loach and another 
Canadian. Ailee Mahom. 

Eamonn Coghlan was one of 
the first athletes to arrive from 
his base in New York. Coghlan 
has not raced since his winning 
10.000-metres debul at the Penn 
Relays a month ago. The irish- 
man maintains that he is on 
better form for the 5.000 metres 
than in 1983. when be won the 
inaugural work) title, and the 
match between himself and the 
grand pnx winner. Doug Padi- 
lla, over 3.000 metres today 
should be a cracker. 

Willie Banks. Mike Conley 
and Charlie Simpkins lead a 
tremendous triple jump field in 
the chase towards 18 metres and 
there should be a similar dose 
dispute in the S00 metres be- 
tween Johnny Grey. Earl Jones. 
John MarshalL and the Ke- 
nyans, Edwin Koech and 
Sammy Koskei. 

Despite the recess in the oil 
industry, the sponsors have 
increased prize money by 50 per 
cent to $763,000 (about 
£510.000; for ihc 16 meetings 
this season. Bui the perennial 
fear of dope-testing by the 
“heavy" event athletes means 
that the hammer and shot put 
may not gel the subscribed 
number of athletes, even though 
il is now only four in the world's 
top fifty. 



Sunday is everything to Brazil. 
If they can beat Spain, they 
may bit by bit develop into a 
team, which they are not at the 
moment, around such talent 
as Casagrande, Muller and 
Silas, their young men. I think 
Spain will beat them with a 
team lhat has improved since 
losing the 19S4 European 
Championship final. 

My money, or what is left of 
it after Mexican telecommuni- 
cations have taken their toll 
remains on Uruguay, com- 
pacu skilful and tactically 
disciplined. Whether they are 
temperamentally disciplined 
remains to be seen. It could be 
a fiery last match in the group 
with Scotland. Alex 
Ferguson's apparent move to- 
wards Archibald, .a last- 
minute inclusion in the squad 
as replacement for Dalglish, as 
the attacking partner for Nich- 
olas may have dismayed Scot- 
tish supporters, who dislike 
Archibald, but it will have 
improved Scotland's slim 
prospects. The Scots have not 
seen him at his best with 
Barcelona. I expect Denmark, 
however, to go through and 
become eventual runners-up: 
if they do not flag as they did 
in the European final. Molby. 
never mind his self-expressed 
fatigue, is thought to be likely 
to be on the bench because 
there is no room for both him 
and Lerby from Bayern Mu- 

Defences tend to 

nich in the central midfield. 
That tells you something 
about Denmark's depth. 

The World Cup is, inevitably, 
about winning, yet football 
should be, essentially, about 
glory: about gambling and 
taking chances and risking all. 
Because of the altitude and 
heat, defences in Mexican 
conditions, as was demon- 
strated in 1970. tend to disin- 
tegrate after about 70 minutes, 
creating open football. Let us 
hope lhat over the next month 
Francescoli, Laudrup, Platini. 
Bulragueno, Sanchez, 
Valdano, Maradona, Lineker, 
Gomez, Nicholas, VoJJer, 
Muller and the rest give us 
some a glorious moments. 

In the past, those teams who 
were in a class of their own 
have often failed: Hungary in 
1954 and 1966, The Nether- 
lands in 1974 and 1978. 

JUNE IB: Whiners ol group A v thU- 
ptaced in grotB C. D v E (Puefata. 11 pm) 
(Winner 1 ) wmnare tit gap □ v ttWrt- 
‘ In group B. E or F (Jalsco, 
uara. 7pm) [Winner 5]. 

17: Runnare-up m groin A v 
runners-up in group C (OUmpco. Mexico 
Oty. 7pm) [Winner fij. Winners of group F 
v runners-up in Group E (Urweraitano. 
Montarrm. 1 1pm) [Whiner 7). 

JUNE 1&: rentiers of group Evrurmers'Up 
in groip D (Queretaro, llpm) [WtanerZ). 
RumersHta m groij) B v runners-tp in 
^M Azlaca, Mexico Oty. 7pm) 


JUNE 21: 5 v 6 (Guadalajara. 7pm) 
r A) 7 v 8 (Monterrey. 11pm) 

From Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 


Bobby Robson is on the 
verge of making one of the 
important decisions °f 
his career as England s roan 
ager. Tomorrow evening he is 
to state whether his 
and most influential player. 
Brvan Robson, will pla> in th ® 
opening World Cup tie Here 
against Portugal -ays 

The question has dominated 
each of the dally conferences 
that have been held since nss 
namesake damaged hus ham- 
string in Colorado Springs 
some three weeks ago. Oprt- 
miem has risen slowly ana 
gradually but the 
Robson's latest estimation is 
that the younger is no more 
than 60 per cent fit. 

**He is not np to full training 
yet,” he said yesterday. “His 
technique is rusty, so we pul 
him in with the other players, 
but be stayed out of harm s 
way. He is improving all the 
time bat be has got to be doing 
more to expect to play jn a 
touch World Cop match.” 

If Bryan Robson does prove 
to be fit enough, the benefit of 
seeing his name on the ream 
sheets would be as highly 
encouraging for England as it 
would be deeply discouraging 
for the Portuguese. He is a 
gjant of the modern game- 

Yet inevitably, there is a 
potential danger that either 
his troubled Achilles tendon or 
his weakened shoulder could 
give way again. Should the two 
Robsons take a gamble and 
pick him for the first game, 
which is psychologically so 
crucial, and risk losing hint for 
the less significant tie against 

It would be worth it if be 
could survive for an hour 
against the Portuguese (it 
would be unrealistic to expect 
him to be able to go the 
distance). If England win. he 
could then be rested until Jane 
1 1, by which date qualification 
for the next round might 
already have been assured. 

Lineker also trained with a 
fibreglass cast that was as 
strong as a concrete pillar 
around his wrist. “He needs 
protection," Bobby Robson 
said, “but, if be wears that the 
other players will need pro- 
tecting. Well have to modify 
it, bat he is now 85 per cent 
certain to be available Tor 

Although Anderson, Bailey. 
Barnes, and Steven missed the 
most lighthearted session so 
far through injury, all of them 
should have recovered in time, 
bat one of them will be 
included in the starting line- 
up. England's main fear is that 
the sun will be horning at its 
hottest on Tuesday afternoon. 
They are hardly prepared for 

For several days, h has been 
biding behind an endless blan- 
ket of grey clouds and the 
occasional burst of torrential 
rain. The weather, in other 
words, is more like an English 
summer titan the predicted 
Mexican heatwave, it is still 
humid enough for the squad 
members to lose between four 
and six pounds in 90 minutes. 

is ready 
for battle 

Los Angeles (PA) - Alex 
Ferguson sounded Scotland's 
battle cry yesterday as his 
sqtnd prepared for their last 
serious action before the 
World Cnp finals get under 
way. The Scotland manager 
looked ahead to the games 
against Denmark, West Ger- 
many and Uruguay and said: 
“Anyone who underestimates 
ns is m ak ing a serious 

As Ferguson began to im- 
pose a more disciplined regime 
on his squad in Los Angeles, 
after the relaxed build-ap in 
Santa Fe, he said: “I aJll 
convinced that we will not be 
oat of place in our group in 
Mexico, no matter bow tomtit 
it is. 

“I believe we are not far 
away from getting ft riehL I 
am convinced that we are 
three-quarters of the way 
there. The mental side fe first 
class, the physical side is 
excellent and the attitude of 
the players towards the World 
Cop challenge is magnificent. 

I he only unknown factor is the 
tactical side." 

Northero Ireland officials 
breathed a sigh of relief after 
another injury scare threat- ' 
mw* to upset their prepara- 
tions. Their full back, .fimmv 
NicholL injured his knee, bm 
their manager, Billy Bingham. 
«s confident he will be fitfor 
the opening game on June 3 
against Algeria here. 

b«s strained Achilles tendj?