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No 62,605 

US hostage is 
freed in secret 
Lebanon deal 


Rom Robert Fisk, Lavaca, Cyprus 

Months of secret negotia- jihad - which still holds two a 
JE“ ^ etween th e United of the Americans — issued a th 
A 10 ^ of its own, claiming 

the American _ hosfagps_ in that the US GoveramShad se 

the American hostages in 

I pKOTtAA hAItt tknia £ -A 

yesterday when the first of 
three Americans held captive 
for almost 18 months was 
released outside the ruins of 
the old, bombed US Embassy 
in west Beirut 
But the package deal by 
which the American Govern- 
ment hopes to secure the 
freedom of at least two — and 
possibly five - more of its 
citizens in the hands of Shia 
Muslim groups, appears to 
have forced Washington into a 
series of concessions, includ- 
ing the virtual closure of the 
US Embassy in east Beirut 
President Assad of Syria, 
who spent much of Saturday 
closeted with the Ir anian For- 
eign Minister in Damascus, 
has always regarded the US 
Embassy in Lebanon as a 
principal CIA station in the 

Americans now maintain 
their diplomatic compound. 

For hours after Dr Jacob- 
sen’s release, US officials in 

that could lead, if continued, 
to a solution of the hostages 

ixuauuu, Cyprus ana uk 

United States evinced total 



a solution of the hostages ignorance of this extraor- 
«e” . dinary development, although 

The release of Dr David ** mid-day two American 

Jacobsen, the director of the 
American University in Bei- 

At dask yesterday, Mr Teny 
Waite, die Archbishop oS 
Canterb u r y ’s special envoy, 
who tamed ap briefly in Beiist 
on Friday, saddenfy appeared 
at Laiwca airport in Cyprus 
and boarded a US military 
helicopter which set off to- 
wards Lebanon. 

He made no statement, bat 
his secretary m London said at 
the weekend that he would be 
“on the move” for the next two 
days. A Knwaiti r eport said 
Mr Waite had feces in contact 
with Beirut by telephone from 

Blackhawk helicopters could 
be seen landing at Lamaca. 
Aviation sources here said 
that one of th«n might have 
brought Dr Jacobsen from 
Lebanon after first stopping at 
the British sovereign base at 
Akrotiri; indeed, an unidenti- 
fied civilian in dark clothes 
stepped from the machine 
accompanied by two uni- 
formed crew members and 
climbed into a car next to the 
runway bearing green dip- 
lomatic plates. 

The stage was thus set last 
night for one of those long, 
drawn-out hostage dramas in 
which both the Americans and 
the kidnappers — not to 

* •> 

Middle East and can only. ^n^^ykans s£d 

^-e^S^ofSrf szzisaiass 1 ***- 

its staff over the weekend. 

A spokesman in Wash- 
ington had already agreed that 
the removal of most of the 
diplomats in Lebanon, alleg- 
edly for security reasons, was 
“inter-twined” with the hos- 
tages* release when Islamic 




cas over the weekend- 

rut who was abducted on May 
28 last year, came shortly after 
dawn, when Lebanese stroll- 
ing on the west Beirut Cor- 

ruks of their unspoken deal Ifl I lCIl I 

while dozens of TV crews *** UMM. 

assembled at Lamaca airport Sinn Fein, the political wing 

to record the arrival of the of the provisional IRA, voted 

right, the 54-year-old director 

Sinn Fein | 
votes to 
take seats 
in Bail 

Sinn Fein, the political wing 

Cograph of Mr David Jacobsen, released in August to a news agency by his kidnappers; and, 
of the American University Hospital in Beirut as be appeared before being kidnapped. 

Tories to propose juries stay 
stronger powers j n tna if 

for school heads f °thef? y 

former captives. 

last night to abandon its policy 

Fashion couturiers 
have traditionally 
been male — but 
who better to clothe 
the female form than 
women themselves? 
Suzy Menkes on 
feminine clothes 
crafted for comfort 

ite wSaStSE Two men - Mr Terry of abstentiomsm and allow its 
Anderson, bureau dtief of elected representatives to sit 
Associated Press in Beirut, in the Irish Republic’s par- 
SX® and Dr Thomas Sutherland, liamenL 

the Dean of Agriculture at the Today the Government and 

tW^TTS American University of Bei- major political parties m the 
rut, were expected to be freed South wfll examine the reper- 
Within 24 bovrs although cussions of Sinn Fein’s <k^ 
^^hta^fi^^ddnve ^ Qther AmaiaoSf and its effect on .the 

tapped in the Lebanese cap- stability of the state, particu- 
with east Beirut, where the Continued on page 24, ad 1 

i gm election to put it in a key 

Cautious hope for "“ss 1 ™ M 

. . * sides of the border will assess 

- the likefihood of internecine 

more r£i6&S6S <**«*»•«« ^ s® 

. M. VAVMtJVh# decision to abandon an article 

Santa Barbara (Reuter) - awaited further news! “It is of fehh which has existed for 
White House' sources here such a relief. “Atfirst Ijnst 6 5 years. ■ / __ : 

with President Reagan con- cried and cried. I wasn't sad. . The vote skct an 
finned yesterday that Mr But everything inside me had impassioned 
David Jacobsen had been been pent up for so long. I just tour debate at theMansron 
freed, but were unable to say if had to cry.” House in Dublin. The : result, 

he was still in foe US Emb a s sy MrPaul Jacobsen was more 429 to 1 61, gave the leadership 

I in Beirut or had been flown to c qyiin^ and said he did not more than, foe two- 

I Cyprus. want to comment on his 

American officials were ex- father's release until what he Before the result wns de- 
| tremriy cautions in d i scussi n g still regarded as rumours had dared, Mr Gerry Adams, 
developments in the hostage been confirmed. P“?y president . ato pro- 

l saga. hmnii nmirunc visional Smn Fern MP tor 

— — 1 h2ye heard ramoms of West a^pted to 

prevent a walk-out by his 
predecessor and his support- 
ers. But his predecesssor, Mr 
Ruairi O Bradaigb, who had 
strongly opposed the move, 
walked out surrounded by 
supporters, to hold a meeting 
in a hotel west of Dublin. 

Earlier, he had said that if 
the motion was passed PSF 
representatives would even- 
tually take reats at West- 
minster and in a Stormont 
Assembly. But Mr Martin Mc- 
Guinness from Londonderry, 
a clote lieutenant of Mr 
Adams, pledged foal they 
would not take seats at Stor- 
mont or Westminster. 

One fear among Northern 
security forces is that the 
military men w£D now wish to 
demonstrate that greater in- 
volvement in politic will not 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Head teachers would be formed a central part of the 
given a veto over the appoint' recommendations of the 
meat of all staff to their committee of inquiry led by 

• Late fluctuations in 
shares on Friday 
resulted in a record 
number of winners in 
Saturday’s Times 
Portfolio Gold daily 
competition; 75 
readers shared the 
£4,000 daily prize. 
Details, page 3. 

• There were no 
winners of the £8,000 
weekly prize, so the 
prise next weekend 
doubles to £16,000. 

• Another £4,000 can 
be won in today’s dafly 
competition. Portfolio 
fist, page 30; how to 
play, information 
service, page 24. 


Hanson debut 

Hanson Trust shares start 
trading on the New York 
Slock Exchange today as part 
of the group’s drive to expand 
in the US 


TV jubilee 

Unprecedented challenges 
face the television industry as 
it celebrates its 50th birthday. 
A special report looks at the 
bold beginning and the m- 
certain future Pages 31-34 

US sources said that one my father’s release so many 
reason for thor caution was tSes in the past,” he said, 
that the Administration was ^ i y, miwn w /^b dip. 
hoping at least one additional tomats ^ ^ believS 
hosta^w^beretete^. Syria, the main power broker 

In Remit, a iffla m y: ot- ^ Lebanon, had played no 

fi tf,-? aS i a ^hn^!S? a Sn t 5S tiiiitrolcin Mr jSsen’s 
woald release but had been advised 
soon pe released. of developments. 

“We have information that Mnfii P 
two more US hostages will be 


gf “* to be uteatifed. “° F “££§£ 

In Altadena, California, Mr tte Fftr 

Jacobsen’s sister said she bad 

broken down when she heard LFE 

reports that he had been « ddighted by 

released. . Si 

‘Ttoso happy," Mis Carla Jacobsen’s captivity. 
Forbes said at her home as she Efostages still hekJ 

this happy conclusion” to Mr 
Jacobsen's captivity. 

Hostages still ferid, page 24 

schools and greatly 
stengthened powers to deter- 
mine how school budgets are 
spent under a radical package 
of proposals being put forward 
for inclusion in the Conser- 
vative election manifesto. 

The proposals are being 
advanced as the next stage of 
the Government's attempt to 
weaken the power of the local 
education authorities in the 
wake of last week’s decision to 
subject teachers to legally 

Sir Peter Main into the pay 
and conditions of Scottish 
school teachers. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion and Science, has declared 
his determination to give 
more responsibilities to 
schools, their heads and their 
governing bodies, largely 
removing the present local 
council barrier between the 
Government and the schools. 

Main found that foe most 

binding contracts of employ- common cause of dissaiisfoc- 
meoL They are understood to tion about head teachers' pow- 

have the firm backing of foe 
Prime Minister. 

The Department of Educa- 
tion and Science, whirii has 
just piloted through Par- 

ers lay in the appointment of 

“Although head teachers are 
expected to accept responsibil- 
ity for foe quality of teaching 

Lament a BUI stren g t h eni n g and foe standards of educa- 
tbe powers of school govern- tioa, their involvement in foe 

ing bodies over curriculum 
and discipline, has no present 
plans before it to build on that 

But Mrs Thatcher’s closest 
associates serving on foe se- 
cret Conservative manifesto 
group on education and train - 
mg are to table plans for 
increased powers for head 
teachers, notably the veto on 

They believe that the much 

selection and appointment of 
staff is limited.” 

Head teachers, it said, 
should be presented with a 
shortlist of suitable candidates 
and be entitled to meet them 
and give their views on their 
suitability. “We also recom- 
mend that head teachers 
should be allowed a veto over 
apppintments to their school 
It is inconsistent with foe head 

1 teacher’s responsibility to de- 

?» ve! °P a distinctive school 
disciplinary smndards^n et{l0S f or l0 ^ required to 
achoob will rom c ftpm a gnat . ^her whom he 


sta* ^ “■ f ° r whom a 

ing the status of the bead Continued on page 24, cal 8 

By Gnr Chief Political 

The Government has de- 
cided to abandon its plan to 
remove foe right to jury trial 
for cases of petty theft. 

• The move was backed by 
Lord Hailsham of St Maryle- 
bone, the Lord Chancellor, as 
a means of relieving foe 
workload nf foe crown courts, 
much of wnose business and 
time is spent on minor theft 

The possibility of dropping 
jury trial for such cases was 
raised in a government 
consolation paper published 
with its White Paper on 
criminal justice. 

But ministers decided last 
I week that foe proposal was too 
; controversial litres fell that 
! theft, however foinor, because 
it raised fundamental ques- 
tions of dishonesty and the 
moral character of foe ac- 
cused. should continue to be 
triable by jury. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, is addressing 
Conservative lawyers tonight, 
in which he will describe the 
contents of foe Bill. 

But one issue on which Mr 
Hurd will be unable to en- 
lighten his audience will be his 
efforts to allay public concern 
about unduly lenient 

He has taken to a Cabinet 
committee his proposal, op- 
posed by Lord Hailstom. to 
make public and review peri- 
odically foe sentencing guide- 
lines already given by foe 
Court of Appeal 

Pay deal will not loosen 

public spending clamp I this will lead to more^ v iolence 

The Government intends to hopeful forecasts about un- 
hold down public spending to employment have enabled the 
its planned level next year in Government to hold down its 
spite of the £500 million extra planned spending for next 
cost of the teachers’ pay deaL year. 

Ministers hope to finish The recovery in the econ- 
talks on spending this week so omy to growth of about 3 per 
that the Chancellor of the cent next year has eased the 

Exchequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
can make a statement on 

Tuesday of next week. 

The statement, as last year, 
will have no estimate of the 

position since it cuts the 
amount of money needed for 
unemployment pay. 

The more optimistic assess- 
ment is supported by fore- 

! v‘ ^ L 

face axe 

By Our Chief Potitical 

Knowsley North’s rebel La- 
bour Party feces almost cer- 
tain disbandment by foe 
party’s ruling national exec- 
utive after its refusal yesterday 
to accept the nationally-im- 
posed candidate in foe present 

The local party met yes- 
terday and refused foe request 
by Mr Larry Whitty, general 
secretary of the Labour Party, 
to endorse Mr George 

EEC may 
now act 
on Syria 

By Michael Evans 

Whitehall Correspondent 

European Community gov- 
ernments may now agree to 
take firm diplomatic action 
against Syria in support of I 
Britain, after studying the i 
British dossier on Syrian 1 
complicity in foe plot to blow 
up an El Al airliner. 

Whitehall sources said yes- 
terday that, with foe sole 
exception of Greece, there bad 
been very encouraging 
“noises” from EEC capitals 

new drug 
for Aids 
in tests 

By Thomson Prentice 

A new drug, which promises 
to be foe most effective treat- 
ment against acquired im- 
mune deficiency sydnrome 
(Aids) under development, is 
being tested in British 

The drug could be offered to 
some Aids patients in Britain 
within the nett two years as 
part of its first clinical trials if 
foe current tests are successful 
The drug, called human 
immune virus antiviral 
(Hiva), is being developed by 
Porton International, foe bio- 
technology group, in colla- 
boration with the Department 
of Health’s Centre for Applied 
Microbiology and Research 
(CAMR), Wiltshire. 

The compound is obtained 
by extraction from a micro- 
organism and appears to at- 
tack the enzy me which allows 
foe Aids virus to replicate. It 
also seems to hail the spread 
of the virus from cell to cell 
The researchers claim that 
tests so far have shown the 
compound to be “many times 
more active against foe virus 
than alt current products”. 

Dr Zsolt Harsanyi, Porton’s 
chief executive in the United 
States, said: “From our lab- 
oratory tests it looks to be the 
most potent inhibitor of Aids 
virus replication so far 

The anti-viral was discov- 
ered at the University of 
California two years ago and 
rights to it were acquired by 
Porton earlier this year. In a 
technology-transfer arrange- 
ment, the group is developing 
foe compound and will have 
commercial rights to all prod- 
ucts and processes developed 
at the CAMR centre. 

The drug is now being tested 
on animals to assess its toxic- 
ity. Dr Derk Layton. Pbrtoa’s 
joint chief executive, said: 
“We think it reasonable to 
look towards human testing in 
one or two years but it could 
be sooner. 

“These trials will be con- 
ducted simultaneously in 
Britain and foe United States. 
A lot of hospitals in Britain 
have already been in contact 
with us about il” 

Porton scientists believe foe 
drug could be more effective 
than AZT. foe compound 
developed by foe WeUcome 
Foundation in foe US, which 
has shown remarkable results 
in Aids patient trials. 

They also believe that it 
would be easier to produce 
Hiva in bulk than AZT, which 
is in short supply because of 
its complex structure and 
production problems. 

According to a study pub- 
lished in the US last month, 
the total number of Aids cases 
will reach 4.7 million in the 
next 10 years. In Britain, 
deaths from Aids could Teach 
20,000 to 40.000 a year in 10 
io 20 years from now. accord- 
ing to another study. 

Insurance threat, page 3 

| CM 






5? ^S°Sf^ a .Li^ hv Und there was some hope that 
Howarth, the mM imposed by ... «« aBree a 

r > *1 

room for tax cuts in the next casts, published today by the 


A combination of a squeeze 
on the contingency reserve, 
which gives the Government 
its safety margin and more 

London Business School, of 
growth by the end of next year 
of 3 per cent and inflation of 
only percent 

Details, page 25 

Gory Adams 
against walkout 

the NEC as candidate, instead 
of the local choice, Mr Les 

The party's executive 
committee met yesterday at 
the Kirkby unemptoyed centre 
and decided unanimously to 
reject Mr Whitt/s advice. 

Apathy threat, page 2 

Russians stick to home-grown workers 

FA move 

An FA inquiry is fikefy into 
foe sendingsoff of two players 
during the match between 
Tottenham Hotspur and 
Wimbledon Page 44 

Home News 2-7 law Report 38 
Oierstts 9-M Leaders 21 
A ppts 2128 letters *1 
Archaeology 23 Obtoory 22 
Arts »647 g 

Births, deaths Pmm Bonds 24 

muriages 23 Safe Room 22 


cS£»w*is 5 g 

Diarv 20 l-iil»«aties 22 

Fearims 18-20 Weather 24 

By Mkhael Evans 

Whitehall Correspondent 

As foe American diplomats 
in Moscow continue to strug- 
gle with life on their own 
without their 260 Russian 
me chanics, cooks and bottle 
washers, the Russians in 
London remain confident that 
if ever their locally employed 
British staff were withdrawn 
in a diplomatic brouhaha, 
they would not have to start 
scrubbing floors and cooking 

For security and financial 
reasons, the Soviet Embassy 
in Kensington employs few 
British locals. The occasional 
driver is hired to make sure 
they do not lose their way 
when driving into the country 
for fresh air and foe odd 

window deaner but otherwise The Russians had a scare 

foe menial staff are strictly that they have never forgotten 
fewMown. .'- 'several y ago when they 

Diplomatic sources point engiged a double-glazing firm 
out that if foe Russ i ans helped to put in some new windows 
to chip away at Britain’s * at fodr Trade Delegation 
unemployment figures by tak- building in Highgate, north 
ing on dozens of British 

secretaries, cleaners and tele- one of foe double-glazm, 
phone operators, they would an Irishman, claimed that he 
have to pay the going rate m hadbeea persuaded by MI6 to 

hard currency, which is in- my ^ ^ Russians while he 
finitely more expensive that innocently installed the win- 

S ving rouble-style wages to He abo said he had 

e gins flown in from placed bugs inside foe win- 

MoSCOW. rin» frames. 

the other Eastern bloc coun- 
tries employ many British. 
They import their own cooks 
and cleaners.” 

This compares noticeably 
with other embassies and high 
commissions who are only too 
happy to take on British local 
staff The biggest employers 
are foe Americans, Canadians, 
Australians, French and West 

foe majority will agree to a 
limited set of measures. 

In Luxembourg last week. 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary, failed to win 
support for common EEC 
action after the British de- 
cision to cut diplomatic rela- 
tions with Syria. But it was 
partly due to foe absence of six 
out of 12 foreign ministers at 
foe meeting. 

EEC officials will be meet- 
ing this week in London to try 
again to find common ground, 
in preparation for another 
foreign minisieis' session on 
November 10. 

Sir Geoffrey wants Britain's 
partners in Europe 10 tighten 
security around Syrian Arab 
Airlines, to ban arms sales and 
to mount dose surveillance of 
Syrian embassies. 

The appeal for EEC support 
came after ibe British 
Government's statement that 
Damascus was behind foe 







}f only 18-8° 
Ii VGPT3A Sc Pfi 

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i'u:^H'rn no.’ll 























Security is another matter. 
If s one thing to have the 
British authorities tapping 
your phones and following 
your cam round London, but 
quite another to run the risk of 
paying British employees to 
spy on you. 

placed bugs inside the win- 
dow frames. 

The Irishman claimed to 
have discovered a number of 
Russians who were sub- 
sequently expelled from 
Britain for espionage. 

A Foreign Office official 
said: “Neither the Soviets nor 

Ger mans. Damascus was behind foe 

cow, the American envoys 


U°to g pam | CTSM Hmtoj 

during the tit-for-iat spy up- 
heaval between foe Soviet 
Union and foe United States, 
are fast becoming experts in 
car maintenance and washing 

some of it supplied by MI5, 
has apparently persuaded 
other countries in Europe to 
back Britain's strong stand 
The key focus of concern on 

Continued os page 24, col 6 

EXAMPLE ES.Offi - 90 payments - £134-88 Total cost ol credit £12.139*20 

SAVING WITH UK - £404*64 

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cover JsInctaM tnaB of ttwabow jecured tomiepayments. 


Let us proveto you why more people phone us 


\ -Personal. telephone Service - D i 1 1 ; Q p rp n c d i no -S ^ od a : y . 

0800 mm 

ITS FREE UK are paying for your can 


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Five face court 
after jail siege 

Five men are likely to appear in coot in Edinburgh today 
in connection with the siege at the city’s Sanghton Jail, 
which ended peacefully yesterday. 

The incident, which began last Monday evening, was 
being investigated by Lothian and Borders Police, and a re- 
port is being prepared Cor the Procurator-Fiscal in 

The siege ended shortly before 1pm yesterday, when the 
r em a i n ing two men gave themselves op. Prison authorities 
had expated the siege to esd last Friday when a prison 
officer, Mr Keith Stewart, aged 25, who was allegedly held 
in the jail, was released. Some prisoners walked oat or gave 
themselves up shortly afterwards, hot two remained. 

Disease tests begin 

The most comprehensive research project mooted in a 
civilian comm unity Into mwirngirta begins today when all 
<MW0 people in the Gloucestershire town of Storehouse are 
asked to take part in a mass screening. 

Doctors plan to take samples and throat swabs in an at* 
tempt to discover why the area has saffered an incidence of 
the disease op to 14 times the natfnrati average. 

mees in 




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The number of books 
bought by public libraries 
in Kngiam S and Wales bw 
fallen by a third in real 
terms since 1978-79, and 
by a quarter hi Scotland 
and three-q oarters in 
Northern Ireland, accord- 
ing to a report by the 
National Book Committee. 

The report says those 
cots mean books remaining 
in stock for 15 years, 
periodicals no longer bring 
taken in branch libraries, 
withdrawal of reference 
books, books selected on 
the basis of price, and 
whole subject areas being 



Conservative MPfor West- 
bmy, Wiltshire, will ask 
the Foreign and Home 
secretaries this week to 
make an inquiry otto news- 
paper reports that Mr 
Mordedtai Vanana, the Is- 
raeli technician, had been 
kidnapped in London by 
Mossad, Israel’s intelli- 
gence service. 

Mr Vanana disappeared 
from Londoo on September 
30, days before a report 
appeared in The Sunday 
Times* based on informa- 
tion from Mm, claiming 
Israel had developed and 
stockpiled unclear bombs. 

BBC caught 

in fresh 

dispute on 

TV ‘bias 

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By Philip Webster and Philip Jacobson 


par, i til 

[V'ri ]» •.mlih'B )i » ul Vi 4r 1..-I 

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Fingerprint security 

A device that can identify fin ge rprints quickly and 
accurately as a check for security purposes has been 
developed by Dr Peter Denyer of Edinburgh University. 

At the mo m ent , plastic cards and secret p e r sona l identity 
numbers are nsed to withdraw cash from bank e«li point 
machines or gain entry into high security areas. The 
problem is that the card and the ■ntihyr does not identify 
who is holding die card. 

Dr Denyer’s device carries a gfa« plate on which the 
card ^h older places a thumb or finger. 11 k electronics scan 
the fingerprint and compare it with a genuine print. 

Hunt for 

■> ... 

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fii.-Mf, i * 'J r.TTTTiTTr 

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Two children dw of liver 
disease every week because 
of a shortage of donors and 
funds for transplant 

Now a group of parents 
has launched a donor 
reanttmg campaign, called 
lifeline South, led by Mr 
Peter Maguire and his wifr 
Margaret from Hamp- 
shire. whose daughter Ju- 
lie, aged five (right) is 
waiting for a transplant. 

At least £1 million is said 
to be needed for medical 
equipment, research, 
trained staff and other 
facilities at Addenbrookes 
Hospital in Cambridge. 

Teachers may strike 

Ballot forms for possible strike action over Miss 
Maureen McGoMrick, the suspended headteacher, have 
been circulated to members of the National Union of 
Teachers in the north London borough of Brent. 

The council has refused to reinstate Miss McGoUrickin 
spite of a High Court decision which ruled that it had acted 
improperly in disciplining her. She had been exonerated by 
governors at Sudbury Infants School after allegedly 
making a racist remark over the telephone. 

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Air c.anada flies io Singapore A times a week, 
even, 1 week. 

a - u An %v( ^ P^' routine thing about our 

nights. VCe vc the only morning departure. 

Our service is second to none. ’Me recently 
wxrn Air Transport 'Kbrid^s Passenger ServiceAxvard 
to prow it. 

So vou can he sure to arrive in Singapore feel- 
ing fresh and ready ti ir business. 

That's our business. • 

m ° r re ^™ io ^ phone London 

?. 26 ^aS 2S8 ° w 041332 1511 and rest of UK 
iLmkiine) 0800-18- 13-13- 

i b heath <>f fresh air**' AIR CANADA 

t F'i'1 f V itiiV II j T1 .’l k ft 

The defiant bishop 

Blend of old morality 
and modem views 

By Mark Dowd 

The 130th Bishop of London in disputed dr- 
London, Dr Graham Leonard, rtmretgnrpg . 

Church of Kn gfaitd to two ^ back ™ e ^ 

rapress ^ains ntshiug towards 

each other ahum die same “? **“ 

track. Crow® ^ Appointments 

D Ccmimissioa had gone against 

after the latest con- Dr Leonard by seven vsstes to 
2^”* ,,*?,, *** stnadled five, in favour of Dr John 
Tulsa affair , it might seem Habgood. 

Rande, ond&e BktoTS 
London who are enroSfema 

course, not to mention the he has opposed 

Church of RngtawH and its ™^terahst leanings of 

®3cSS^ *■ 

^Ltoe^son of a use of^nodear weapons can be 

at Monkton Combe School 

and went oa to read natural iwi5 B Sffl! nd J 
science at Haltioi CaOeae. SS* Jo *l? P *“ 1 n because of 
Oxford. AAmege, ^ ^ manages to com- 

„ . . tune an attacfainait to tra- 

lie saved m the Oxford ami ditioaal morel with 

Bocks Light In&utry during ocrasimml progressive inifia- 
rae war and after receiving tires on social justice and 
theological instruction at human rights. 

Twenty years later, when horn® out: in foe Lords he 
Bishop of WBlesden, and tong strongly opposed plans to 
before foe topic of women abolish the GLC and voted 
priests came to his «wwtiiw i. against government rate-cap- 
he warned the Church abort ping legisiatisn. 
foe lia ig-te ia threat to its When he is not w« np ni«iff 
amtyaficr a working party registers of more titan 14^000 
^ported on possible xmkm dogy and layfolk mposed to 
between foe Cfamch of Eng- the ordination of women 
land and the Methodists. prieste, he tgiends his rim* 

* He owes his t g w i aii io for l ufta H ng to Mahler or Elgar, 
controversy to two mfMm. He is devoted to tire works of 
fit 1978 he mud* a remark- T<S Eliot, 
able intervention over the Has he ever doubted the 
friendship between Pr in c ess existence ofGod? At times, he 
Margaret and Roddy U- says, particularly during foe 
ewellyn, suggesting that one of war. “But it’s like firing with 
her options might he to bode someone yon lore. Von may 
out of public fife altogether. not understand what they’re 

Then, force years fatter he dofog all foe foue but you still 
was appointed Bishop of go on loving than.” 

AgfriEErtfoe odds: IJberal fioiemary Cooper, with David Alton MP,aad Tory Reger Brown. 

by unions 

By Tint Jones 

X y Richard Evan, PeS k-al Correspondent 

Apathy rather than the M3i-: able to make inroads into the 
taut Tendency appears to bo softish Labour vote, 
tte biggest foroai to Labonr’s . Miss Rosemary Cooper, the 
apparently afe sea^y ith jpst 

lO day itojointh eKnowsley ponrayed as a Bessie Bnrf 
Ncilii by-election. dock-style canSdate, a battler 

It is the lade of interest, who can take on Labour’s 
particularly among the young hard left and Mrs Thatcher, 
who form an abnormally high W hile she hip been nnstint- 
proportion of foe dectoacate,. ing, and not entirely un- 
foat threatens Mr George successful, in hi g hli gh tin g foe 
Howarth, imposed _by influence <rf Militant wi thin 
Labours national executive foe local Laboor Party, her 
committee to fight the daily press conferences have’ 
Merseyside seat which com- turned mto a harrowing ordeal ' 
manded a 17,000 majority for as she shows her lack of 
theparty at the last general knowledge abort the basics of 
election. party policy. 

Having been plucked from Her shortcomings, although 
relative obscurity to fight a by- embarrassingly obvious, may 
election in his home town he 1101 count too much against 
has done well to overcome the her especially as the Liberals 
controversy surrounding his nod the Social Democra ti c 
selection and the local MiiL Party are poised to send up 
taut bogy. their big political guns for the 

While no one would pre- {he rT > Pal P'-- . ■ 


matic or inspiring candidate w, 
to step on to a by-election harrier 
Platfmm. he is competent 

enough. He sticks to thewdl- COnsavatiye interests. After 
Simula of concSoSg 
on jobs, the National Hrahh 

Smiitf find hrawhnr down to run an a dm i xaM c 

aovice and aonsmg. reaiguard action and deserves 

. As yet there is no obvious . to be rewarded with a- more 
sign of an Alliance band* winnabtesemraifaefotuie* - - 
wagon. The Liberals will be 

hStWiTir? 5! General efeetion; R. Kifaxr^lk 
hoping foat by br ngrng up to Oab) 24,949: A. fflrcfa (Q JJ&iTlL 

400 activists into foe constit- Ncoig»n (Sdp/auj s. 715: J. 
uency at weekends they will be Sunmons (wri>) 246. Labonr mi. 

British Telecom has been 
accused by' its tombs of 
providing a power service 
since its privatization. The 
criticism comes in foe wake of 
local call charge increases and 
as the National Comrannica- 
tions Union constdos irins- 
trial action over a 10 per cent 
pay claim. 

A report by foe British 
TetecofiunaHkatioas Unom 
Committee, winch represents 
unions employed by foe com- 
pany, levels six charges 
against Telecom. 

It claims that the cost of. 
tdephonie calls to the ordinary 
snbscrfocr has been forced up; 
new charges for a variety of 
ro^neeirfrzg servfces haveheea 
intrnlMxd; TdecomV - bay 
British pfcy has 1 bees 'ahan-. 
dosed, potting British' jobs'at 
mk; research and. develop- 
ment has been .red hock; 
standards of service and snftfy 
have beat deliberately lowered 
and that conditions ; for 

employees have worsened. 

Mr John GoMn% -general 
secretary of tiM -National 
C a nwnamc atiwis thriow, with 
ldUNW members, said: “We 
believe that Higher prices, new 
charges and lower qaafity of 
service are faatts which wffl 
not be cleared nnffl BT*s. tap 
management stops patting 
profits first*.' ' 

whidi was said to be worried 
about the image of the police. 

The BBC denied they had 
been pressured into withdraw* 
ing the programme but said it 
had leffd problems. The re- 
searcher who made the pro- 
gramme resigned and went to 
work for Waridin Action who 
took up his investigation. " 

Last week Gamer is re- 
ported to have been taken 
mom Ford open prison to 
Scotland Yard for an inter- 
view. A senior Scotland Yard 
source said yesterday that it 
was policy not. , to discuss 
infi ll mants. 

New drive 


QyOhr Chief Political 

The Government is about 
to embark on a concerted 
drive to improve the quality of 
public purchasing, on which 
Whitehall departments, the 
nationalized industries and 
local authorities spend 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry is leading moves 
to strengthen links between 
government purchasers and 
suppliers of goods and ser- 
vices to secure better quality, 
better designed products and 
enhance government attempts 
to get value for money. Tbe 

purchasing clout to lever im- 
proved : per for mances from 
suppliers. Mnristeis believe it 
could have for-reaching effects 
on competitiveness. 

The Public Purchasing Ini- 
tiative has been in preparation 
for two years and is headed by 
Mr John Butcher, Under Sec- 
retary for Trade and Industry, 
who disclosed - the 
Government’s intentions in a 
speech in Birmingham at the 
.weekendL ' 

• The Ministry of Defence 
and the Department of Health 
axe the first targets in the new 

'.’Departments are to be 
I asked to pay special attention 
to new product and process 
dev elopm ents-, to specify 
requirements ‘ in terms of 
performance required rasher 
than stipulating detailed- de- 
signs; aim to main fain rin even 
pattern of ordering. 

The discussions with foe 
health department wifi cover 
t he pu rchase of equipmen t for 
hospitals and consumables. 

When he is not rampiUng 
registers of more than 14,000 
dergy and layfolk mgmsed to 
the ordination of women 
priests, he spends his time 
listening to Mahler or Elgar. 
He is devoted to the works of 
TS Eliot 

Has he ever doubted foe 
existence ofGod? At tiroes, be 
says, partindariy during the 
war. “But fit's like living with 
someone you lore. You may 
not understand what they’re 
doing all the time bat yon stfil 
go on loving them.” 



f r • 

'*. A .<J L 


wnvtF, NEWS _ 

vd* ;«? 

^mortgage cover on men 

( &?■:> 

". *, L * 

who may contract Aids 

Rv Jill Shearman 

& Kj.v . 


»vyr ... 
* V -v 

ffasr ■ 

'^-' j » •: • 

Yoong men who try to buy a 
v ' bome together because they 
cannot afford to buy one on 
their own may be refused 
mortgage insurance by com- 
-.. . ; , pani cs who fear that they are 
homosexual and run the risk 
. , of contracting Aids. 

: Some insurance companies 

- arc now suspidon s of ^any 

two it is 

:■• for a domestic purchase. 

. _* V If there is any risk that the 
men are homosexual, they ask 
'' for a report from their family 
doctors, and ask both men to 
* a medical exanrina- 

tion by a separate doctor. 

-■ -r “We would now look at any 
"i :■ ‘ joint purchase where two 
males are involved,” Mr John 
■ Talar, head of the business 
department at Scottish Life 
- Assurance, said. 

By Jm Shearman 
“We would consider, them, 
but we would ask both for an 
examination, a medical atten- 
dance report, and find out the 
background to the case for a 
joint purchase.” 

Single men, aged between 
35 and 40, askim for high 
sums to be insured, have also 
been put on Scottish Life's 
high rak lisL “One has to say 
that although it is not un- 
common single, most 
people in that age group are 
usually either married or have 
been married,” 

If these men wanted to 
insure .sums over £100,000 
they would be asked to attend 
a examination, Mr 

Talac said. But he admitted 

that this sum was approaching 
the amount where a medical 
report would auto matically be 

On both tiw medical atten- 
dance and e x amina tion re- 
ports Scottish Life has 
inserted a clause asking 
whether tbe applicants ta* 
suffered from or had any tests 
for any form of sexually 
transmitted diseases,, mdud- 
s — Aids (acquired immune 

Super powers to pool 
information on disease 

. . n jmj MHW Miiwhllv the discover! 

■ S’ •* 

Leading Snssian 
American doctors and 
f ffrtetw w 31 meet m Wash- 
mptnn m April to pool efforts 
to fight dewy diseases indnd- 
ing Aids, cancer, and heart 
disease (Michael Bin yon 

That was agreed after an 
■apuldkiud 10 -day visit to 
the Soviet Unk» last month 

. by the Smgeon-General cf the 

United States, and foe director, 
of the US centre for fiseasc 

- \ J. 

The United Stotes-Soriet 
j fliirf health committee will 
resume "prior ■reeti^b^ 
{tmi off since 1978, with the 

conference in Washington. 
Aids win he among the chief 

topics, as the Soviet side is 
interested in re cent A merican 
advances in fighting the dis- 

ease, especiall y fe e dbcomy 
of the wag ACT, which Jhas 
shown promise of halting d. 

After describing Aids as a 

diseare of Western decadence 
unit rammfity. Urn Soviet 
Uraow recently qrietiy wha*- 
ted it has nfian a number m 

tad months meetings in 
Moscow and ^““^rad 
brought together Mr Everett 
SoonTthe SarpamGeneral, 
who has recently pabfebed a 
frank warring on the spread of 
Aids and the need for explicit 
information on sejnal behav- 
ior Dr James Mason, tire 
director of the Atlanta Padre 

for Biscay Control, whiA 
monitors the spread of AMs 
and other diseases m the 
United States; and Mr Sergei 
grantor, the Russian mm- 
ister of health. 


t. : 

trances m uguung — - — . . 

Church joins crusade 

ssSSS?™' SS&at 

the spread of the tub. 

"u. vrL. Aim* that 

mcion-jr ajiwiw^ - 

“Often the applicant 
the medical exammer whether 
they are homosexual, or it » 
picked lip from the «am- 
innti mL”Mr Talac said. 

If the applicant was gay, 
whether or not he had tbe Aids 
■vires, Mr Talac said he would 
personally offer tire policy for 
insurance. “We are not pre- 
pared to take the ride, but we 
Would offer it to another 
company.” If the > apphcant 
had the Aids related ymis, he 
or would automatically be 

refused insurance. 

Where he was unsure 
whether the applicant was 

homosexual br no t, he w ould 

sometimes put an extra load- 
ing onto the insurance pre- 

ffinim Scottish life had ab mrt 

10 joint applications man two 
men, each week. 

Mr Talac admitted that m a 

few cases he had refused 
insurance and in several cases 
he had added a loading where 

applicants failed to jpve 
enough reformation os ™crc 
the medical attendance report 
showed evidence of sexually 
t ransmi tted diseases. But ne 
emphasized that each case 
would be considered sep- 
arately- ^ . 

Several companies Q jftnng 
life insurance are now insert- 
ing ctausratol^ort whether 
c2ents have had a test for tin 
Aids virus. Last Jn^_theLrfe 
Insurance Council advised ns 
officers toask specific ques- 
tions on Aids. 

The British Insurance Bro- 
kers Association is now advM- 
ine all its clients to be honest 
in their reply aAawnw tijf 
policy wfll be voided. are 

tailing clients not to panic, 
because there are 
prnies that still offer insur- 
ance and we can shop around 

to find them,” a BIBA spokes- 
man said. 

aim to let 
see files 

By a Staff Reporter 

V V- — - 


Late share 
move adds 

Most patients will have the 
right to look at their own 
medical records if the Govern- 
ment can persuade doctors to 

to winners 

■ I ., gavt 

l ,vr 

A late share fluctuation gave 
75 Portfolio Gold play* 1 * * 
stoOfflBfWWP™" 4 

ment can persuade doctors to 

“iSiS^stiavr; made ilclrai (Srtfolio cobj 

they intend to. petition came ajftO' a flTO off 

advice of theBntish Med^ S^Market activity before 
Association and go ^^sdosed on Friday., 

reproducing lerislauon so that Barry KHby, n rana g fog 

patients should have a £ 5^" 0 f Europrint (Pw»o- 

right of xxxss » tiw whfch nns the 

BSUSEwr* 3&r«s 

me dma wjuuwi, -r- -- 

Marks, last week Sir Dorald 
Acheson, the chief m^ual 
officer at the DHSS, said the 
BMA’s stand was totafly un- 
acceptable. He asked the 
association to discuss foe 
practicalities of introducing 

limited access to health 

records. . . 

Regulations covering tms 
oartof the data protection act 
will be tabled in January. 

Hospital consultants have 
consistently argued that lim- 
ited a cre ** would lead to a 
heavy adminstrative work- 
load for doctors, allowing 
them less time to care tor 

^YKtoday Mr Paddy Rom, 
the BMA consultants commits 
tee chairman, said that nnlMS 
doctors got extra payments! or 
handling the extra workload 
he would advise them not to 
co-operate with the scheme- 
-The work involved in 
providing niedicai arcess 

whereby we have to write 

reports will be a bureaucratic 
” Mr Ross said. 


share Doctnation. 

The rules of the competition 
state that if there fc more ftm 
one winner the prize wfll Be 

Bubbly is 
‘failing to 

By Robin Young 


About 100 people, among “The main t Mng that 
Haem priests, nuns, doctor*, gnrfMed fo aH ntf dbensstow 
social workers, and an Aids ^ tbe moral imperatives to 
sufferer from St Stephqi ; help people whonre^fo fr 
Hospital,. London, attended lie raadarem behew^ to 
tecorfe*,**. ■ 

* agreed ...Mfay Mly «» Mjctod 

<< w- B 

But tbe Terrence Higgins 
Trust, which offers help and 
advice to all those at nsk of 

contracting Aids, wam«lttat 
even the admission of having 
had a test, could be misinter- 
preted by foe insurance 

the test is ftn Aids 
orany other sexually transmit- 
ted disease, if yon say y«, 
there will be a question maik 
against any form of cover, 
Mr Nick Partridge, an admin- 
istrator for the trust, said. 

First success for new laws 

. w , i i r.!«i Limwdwit 


houses are criticized for ® 
standard of then wfoesma 

written by JW Wfe 
Correspondent, Miss 

of these prodoo- 

are charging extmtkmate 

prices for wines that are 
simply not good enough, she 
said yesterday. . — _ _ 

Among those who n 
sharp rap from 
Quitty's swizzle s 
fodit Guide, to Outmpugue 
and SparkSug Wan ai«_ • 
• Belfinger, the house wtacn 
provides the chamjwgpc for 
mval weddin breakfasts. Its 

shown “ahmnmgvanatamm m 
quality - at its worrt a 
•a©jr®a#ly disappointing 

The Roux broth m^ Bn t- 
ain’s most successful rraicn 
restaurateurs, have both been 
stripped of their thmlstarsm 
the new cxlitton of foe Egon 
Ronay Hotel and Restaurant 
Guide, published today. 

Only last week they were 0Q 
Radio 4*s Desert Island Discs 
saying there was a threMtar 
wayof preparing any food, 

even frying an egg- 

The foreword suggests fie- 
nuent absences from the 
SSen^be partly to 

bl The mtidsms me notech- 
oed in -foe new edition ot tne 

Good Food Guide \ also pub- 
lished today. Both brothers 
keep last year's ratings (17 out 
of 20 for Albert at Le 
Gavroche, and 15 for Michel 
at foe Waterside, Bray). 

Mr Drew Smith, editor, 
says: “For foe first time since 
the end of rationing, British 
cooks are producing British 
dishes that bear comparison to 
foe major cuisines.” 

Egon Ronav's Cdlnet Guide 
1987 (Automobile Association: 
£995). Tfu Good Food Guide 
1987 (Consumers' Association 
and Hodder & Stoughton; 

Lasi yea* u» — 

consultative document pro- 
posing three options - no leg! 
fight of access, complete free- 
dom to demand to see per- 
sonal medical records, or a 
Smpromise. The to 
patients the jegal nght to ^ 
their records but doctors 
would still be able to wifooM 
information that could harm 

^Patients would, however, be 
able to appeal to another 
doctor and ultimately to foe 
courts fora second opinion on 
revealing theinformation. 

Yesterday a BMA spokes- 
woman said foe association 
would now be seddnganeariy 
meeting with the Driba- 

The issue is likely to cause 
conflict at foe BMA Counal 

Readers who wish 
the eame can obtai® a Fore- 

fbfio (Sw card by semhnga 
stamped addressed envdope 

conflict at the bma = 

executive meeting on Novem- 
ber 13 where committee chair- 
k» to toe the 


her 1 i wnerc wiuu*>«« — — 

men may be pressed to toe the 

DHSS line. 

(U — 

Portfolio Gold, 
The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

BB1 6AJ. 

a. .Airar^. 


r. ■ 


m Http***"-- 

0r- u kf.t:.- 

d « f ► .*' ■■ 

m 4- 

* *■ 

ZSfSg** 1 * 0 * 

^Jlntlrith foe return to child a ]^^ oKl ^ s wh ^ S Cyprus, France, Hungary, 

aifstfri satiftjg 

U^i Km by thrar ssga 

wgSSflE - 

international amusement on He ^Sd tatify so that before 

chad abduction ntadi came deWwojddbeabtoBOT^ th^ would be few 

inreforee.onA^g l , ^fordnldabdactots. 

• l^^Jonet, with 

tbe most gbramms and 

tashionaWe reputations” but* 

1978 Belle Epoqne wine "let 
down by a sfightiy 
finish” and a P»* 

• Charles Heidawk: “The 
standard rf 

Brut has been very disappoim- 
^dmfog the last few yearfV 

“Most classes of 

W hen you first handle a Patek Philippe you 

r ^ a_l A. t,ui^ xTT^+rJn Vtac thp on 

m: ‘ 

*+ ■> ■ 

hw-v V' 

m ■* ' 

ito torce on , 

Tbe children, two boys and 
a rirL all aged under so, were 
tbTsubjeTof “Jb* ^ 

ceedings in Canada after the 
They were seized 

fether and taken to fingancL 
Their mother followed and, 
with the help of foe Lord 

abductions, unoer « . 

Chad abuse calls nmy 

not all be genuine 

By a Staff Reporter 

* -t 


m ■ ** 


'The BBC 

SSSed oroceedings under foe ted that rt bad no vray <w ^^nnot be right that we 
^“^ v ?°?fewtoys ago she evaluatinghowmany gjjouid depend for our child 

new iJArfr‘«tiS its CMdline free phoireser- and television 

SC tu mother who knew vice for children hype, while social workers are 

ebtue ere genome cell, for ^ rfnsmas » <tel 

^^AKtsrined first an interim assistance. with the cases that are 

Sa^^-nodfogOTten K bdiev«ttm_mny^tave revated”. 


■g-ye^ ezrs 

jpfl fli ^ 

• ismsoa: “Unsou’s prestige 
cuvee - is not a good 
advertisement for the com- 

ySLniin: “The quality 

standard Mamm champagnes 
is suwtiBKS less impressive 
than their looks.” 

• Besserat de Bellefon. 
‘Tight, lean and not very 

^Ayate The ftmt bns 
canons, almost metallic “os^T- 

• Mario: “Wfll never be m 

HEN VOU nibl ndliuic a i 

w . become aware that this watch has the presence 

You at ^Sft P priS V S us it lasts a moment^oryou 
a lifetime. “ i;jr 

,< MacQaitty . said: 

Z^t/vfvnwter and then oroere it bdieves tnae may ieveaiea . „ . ■ 

custody u feund wn nn to 50.000 calls during Pm &gp nnah dismis s fears 

w ua ssasasse 

— . one «m» riiiidML there may he difficultie s of 
. _ c j I-*,/ wiu-i p children 


Lord Hailsham, vdiose ^lose «***-- -=r-r 

^jhmd. Wales of those, 10 were referredto coihmibu 4 «“j Jl^wirtdead 
^fSfocrn Ireland under . SQC ^ service departmen^ ^ suffering 1* 5 ® 11 

^■TSfSSiaS — agenaes end the fogno^nbe^ 


rri isthou^tby^eg cffiM to accept that 

fesaonals to 5? ^5«me from foe social sct- 

abflity to wpc -St vSes should come to try to 
tional work foal ChildLine is 

fikdy to generate. u 

2UA4Uviw — 

. ■ «* « mpf’tinz of foC 


“There are now 2,000 
klinc wines around the worm 

JnRrhfle foir are new 

to tto best ftnmamm- 

pagne they wfll 0 ® 

chaBeog^ng and beatmg foe 

• Wine lovers shotddlmj 
wtot additives are employed m 
hs mamfomtnre, yarding to 
Se 19S7 Which! Wine ^ 
pnb&bed today. Some, ac- 
cording to the editor, Mr 
^ ^ks. are tel 
» and widriy 
i they can mb pw* - 
risk to certain people. , 
~Pxk£t Guide to Champagne 


Wg made this watch tor 
you - to be part of your 
life - simply because this 
is the way weve always, 
made watches. 

And if we may draw a con- 
clusion from five genera- 
tions of experience, it will 
be this-, choose once but 
choose well. 

A Patek Philippe - 
because its for a lifetime. 

ByPhJHpHoirarf g^,^S^S^!piwni« 
AndnKans an hrett ^ q*, that Safoiton lffti* 


not for t™* 

and a ■•tost* 

tro ^nS 

- t» an 


now. The nan* 




I*®® “^.---iSLrinnal! and 

at the High 

advertised « 



k thinl, «JW- 

jered^atfoftaor.g ach. 

Mr Colin 



and textve foal are very 

as a 

ea wa» a . 

. warte predact, whkh fa - ate® 


donors , and 2**Jg£l 
Ban stew, snch as “drilling for 
Vesenrite,” a vrigm phme 
gSwetod better not explain 

in * family newspaper. 

The Vegrodte corioay 
to fo** are abort to ^s® 
toandie d on aa TBeaspeeto** 
Uuted Kingdom rive recipes 
from VeSanite teedamotomt 
toT «rSy Yegemie Snh- 
‘ mari n es ”. ..•■■■ 

East Eugbnd. 

a spokesman for Banff 
which ggfls abort 95 per cent 
of yeast extract protects m 

maraec -iwauuuw 
sharper, cleaner taste. Be- 
cause it i* tes* 

Vegeante has a mufo mnddier 
flavour, and a gruny kSnd m 

texture. H is «* “ 

estabBsh a market for. tins 
kind of prodact.” 



At exclusive Patek Philippe dwwcgn 
15 New Bond Street. London W1V 9PF 
Tel. 01 4Q3S866 


A* - 


— \ 

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or better the market leaders. 


6. An unbeaten record in any motor n r — l 

magazine road test this year D 1 J 

7. A selection of five engines from 
19 model variants. 


8. Achoice of estates, diesels, automatics, r% r — j 

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9 . Special value this month. Bn 

r .:‘j' -.i-' •: o. 


To find out more about the BX range and its special value, contact your nearest dealer by dialling 100 
and asking for Freefone Citroen UKLtd, or write to us at the address below. . 


v-.‘ : I';- - 

— <Zi.i 



Reformers aim 
to strengthen 

; •- 

• >V ? v 'ti. . 

• ••• 

' V &> c ; : 

: /* . ~ 

• <»*-'< r* ' • v* v *,| 

* of • * > H 

•>•'. . . .*■ ■•;.•> ■•' 

"--r ?*r ^,^,5. £, 


By Frances Gibb, Legal Afina CJemspo^cnt 

A group of barristers who a] 
look control of the Bar Coud- k 
cil, the banisters' executive fc 
body* last year, under the It 
refonning slogan, Campaign 
for the Bar, are to field more £ 
candidates in elections for the i 
new general council- \ 

The elections this month c 
will be for aB 90 members of j 
the new governing body, the * 
General Council of the Bar, 1 
created after a report by Lord j 
Rawlmson, QC, which wQI | 
come into force on January 1. 

The general council wifi 
replace the Bar Council and 
the senate of the Inns of Court. 
For the first time, judges and 
benchers representing the four 
inns will be excluded. There 
will also be better representa- 
tion for the young ana provin- 
cial barristers, with only the 
practising Bar eligible to 
stand. • 

The campaign group, which 

won 62 per cent of the 14,000 
votes cast last year, was 
elected on a ticket of radic al - 
reform and a more aggressive, 
trade-union-like stance. 

Under Mr Robert Alexan- 
der, QC, the present Bar 
chairman, who is succeed e d 
by Mr Peter Scott, QC, on 
January 1, most of their 
concerns have been met. Bui 
Mr Malcolm Fortune, foe 
group's spokesman, sai d yes- 
terday there were still matters 
to be tackled. “If 1985-86 was 
a watershed in Bar politics, 
1986-87 is fikdy to be just as 

Un 'S2 S yrar foe Bar Council 
has reformed its constfomon 
to make it more answerable to 
members, adopted a higher 
public profile with foe. use of 
public relations consultants, 

and tgiren an active idle in 
lobbying; on proposed leg- 
islative r h?pg**, m d ud m g 

' The new body uHfi'tetve to 
face a number of . is sues, 
including new fee negotiations 
with the Government, ^roso- 
cution fees and foe Grown 
prosecution service, the org- 
anization of chambers, _ re- 
forms to working practices, 
judicial ■ appointments and 
protection for the junior te. 

The reform group will fida 
20 candidates, incl uding four 
QCs, for foe 39 general places 
(as opposed to those reserved 
for specialist groups mch. as 
foe Criminal Bar Association), 
afi of whom it describes as 
“committed” candidates. 

In its manifesto foe cam- 
paign says: “The Bartin- 
tercsts have yet to be fought 
■ for. The new General Council 
of the Bar is going to have to 
continue . and develop . .foe 
work so for done. It must 
- become an eflectrve and vig- 
orous thriving orgamzation.” 
in Hr riertion manifesto, foe 

• group cfairris foat a propot 
private member’s Bal by, 
Austin Mitchell, Labour 1 
for Great Grimsby, to abo! 
practices which separate foe 
two bramhes, wouklcff; 
ec^vdy produce a “tused". 
profession- . 

Barristers, who wifi receive 
i postal ballot papers for foe 

, elections from November 8 to 
s 16, are urged to vote. 

The ad minist ra tive beaa- 
I quarters of the Bar is abo 
t - bang revamped, vdfo foe 
> • appointment- of .Major-Gen- 
c era! John Mottram, a fonr^ 

f Royal Marine officer; and a 2S 

i, per cent increase in staff. 

By Oar Lepd Affri»Cone«ondent 
judical rrfbnri o f the fcpl 

profession to end restrictive m 

practices between soluatois repwt«jjs. ^ . ^ 


y^.^^ n,nllICPOrl aSence <* 

published today. , ■ 

The report, dram WbJ.» 

for solicitors totove ft® tttfrt 

UCUI — ■ - 

survive in foe. hbsag? of 

■tjQt J “necessarily 


id appear as sdvoremia^ party, oMcfa 

sESSSSC' feraBs 


* SSS3S3 Saaswa 

with expenaire yC A^bighairf' solution could 

*5* - 

SD SSidbean^ 

thev^uldbe lifoed m partnerships,; . 
fesaons and meysMmawc . Its other proposals, 

alfowed w form a n^ani* of foe 

The worth* 2E£ng wi that 

was chairedby Mr bnfldimi societies and other 

Goodhart, QS.™ lending iastitufiosss should be 

three key iss^^^bow S^ foprovide oonvey- 
to CTtend soherte^ andng services for their own 

ijsxrASs^ Sr insomep * rB 

Seve that all restri ctions on country . _j — 

Fir eunns in cri M8«j^ 

Use of guns has nearly 

trebled in 10 years 1 

tohind the figures — 

lhe use of foe use of a ii^ initiation or 


Wales are published by tne to bide and to 

H»3LS »nd reessure 

Wales are ^ easier to mw«iw *« 

Home Office. • r v^_ ms handle, with air 
Politicians and main j y pfiet gurB, doimifflt' 

groups will s^e_ o“ jng the statistics for crimiMl 


" grtrnps of oflccccs 

acSS Spa-*' 

trends or to lacKie me crimes inVoWmg firearms. 


uwnerelup of J. - ; > ^ s re co n ^ to ihe vahwof 

Mdrebberv-T^renra^ 4 

exceeding foe 81 Vf ant indudes murder, 

ate holders m hmglaiy and sexual offences. 

expected to »vc ^ . . legs saioas casts 

“SSSrtUr ** 

foe b ^ rels 1 ^ n « Safiddoa onjtte 

■"•sassggg; SferS 

gsg^raw ^irSwai 

and foe shooting pf relatives. 

"“primes involvix® firearms -gpires - -present a 

frtrabout oi»duar- .. 1 «nf frichtenmg. 



SSh ownership of a 
range of firearms. 
^Swted or vetifid by foe 

Ton^roir Gunsfobby 

1 :Vt= 


- t t„ ‘ ' : — 

■j* ... ■ .. • •• * - J . _ . ^ 

t* 1 • " 

- —^-9 ‘ 

Appeal to 
to artists 

By Onr Legal Affairs 

ffir William Rees-Mogg, 
djairman of foe Arts Council, 

has appealed to the Govern- 
ment to abolish anomalies® 
artists’ copyright law which 
has been condemned as in- 
snppOTtaWe and repugnant. 

He has written to the arts 
and industry ministers amid 
mounting spesmlan^ that 
long-awaited legislative re- 
forms to copyright law 3 tave 
been squeezed, out of tne j 
| parliam entary timetable. 

*His appeal comes after an 

unprecedented six-month 

campaign by the Arts Cqnndl, 
wifofoebacking of foe Roy* 1 
Academy, for abolishing Sec- 
tion 4 (3) of foe current 

Copyright Act- 
Sir William said that the 
Arts Council has presented a 
substantial case for abtfosfoug 
the section which would give 

to debate I 

By Peter Evans 

Amid a last minute finny of 

controversy, foe Goveramont 
wffl be seeking powers m foe 
Commons tomorrow to taode 
p gaffi convoys and other ties- 

wsierfio urrallVL 

rifoTwhich they tore whc« 
works of art are commis- 
sioned at present. ! 

He said there was a fun- 
damental principle at stoke, 

There is a general principle 
in the Copyright Act that the 
author of a work should have 
first ownership of foe copy- 
right. But Section 4 (3) makes 
an exception for commis- 
sioned portraits, drawings, oil 
paint ings and photographs. 

MPs wifi be asked to en- 
a govCTiraerrtj^mg: 
ment to foe Public Order 1 Bin 
for a maximum penalty or 
three months in prison or a 

£1,000 fine. 

The National Council wr 
Civil liberties las said .the 
move is wrong m principle 
and would turn “many peace- 
ful travellers into criminals . 

The Government will seek 
to show, bowever,.foat ]»Uce 
powers to evict will be more 
limits than is realized. 

It will argue that, , before 
taking action, the pohee wffl 
need to have a reasonable 
belief foal those pxeswvt ^ve 
the common purpose of rcoo- 
ing on the land for a period. 
An officer must also believe 
that reasonable steps have 
been taken by, or on behaim 
the occupier to ask foe tres- 
passer to leave. 

Finally, foe police also have 

to establish one of foe foflow- 
me damag e to property, 

. imnltinl 

threatening or insul ting 
behav iour, or the presence of 
12 or more vehicles. 

,„„ed by Morgan «ronf... * Co. Limit- on bob.* of Virgin Group Limitod. 



NOW that the dggg e* settled, you may be interested 
i. one of thgPt flotations a«.r October 27th. 
The Virgin JSfr*. '» •"* November. Virgin is a 
music, re JH entertainment ^oup, with a muit. 
million S'* turnover, employing seme WOO 

peopiej? - . operating in 17 c° unt |a^B * i "’ S 



aenSs, Humai 

pain v ^pcladlng .the 
Virgin’s also ii||p 
rch as sat^^^ r 
' planni^^^^w 

sservj^i^^Spectus, p 

P across 

like to 

01-200 0200 







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L'_4^I ji 








J* 29 
MS » 
ZB X8 
xb n* 

9k « 



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Soon, 28000000 shares 

in M&G 

wifl be made avalable 

to the public 

Within the next week, Kleinwort Benson intends to offer for sale 
28,000,000 of the ordinary shares it holds in M&G Group PX.C. 

During the past 55 years, M&G has grown to become one of the 
leading investment management companies in Britain. 

M&G launched the country's first unit trust in 1931, and is today 
the largest unit trust management company in the United Kingdom. 

M&G has developed other aspects of personal finance, too. Savers 
and investors can choose from a wide range of personal pension and 
life assurance plans. In addition, M&G manages the investment of 
exempt pension funds and charities, and overseas funds. 

M&G concentrates on long-term investment management, does 
not intend to diversify into unfamiliar activities, and always maintains a 
characteristically independent approach. 

Above all, M&G maintains the highest possible standards of service 
to its customers and intermediaries. 

To register your interest in the forthcoming share offer, and to 
reserve your copy of the offer for sale document, which will include an 
application form, complete and return the coupon. 

Or telephone 01-388 1966 today. 




| Please send me, without obligation, the M&G j 

■ Group offer for sale document when available. ■ 


| {Sne ) Mr □ Mrs □ Miss □ or (write) title _ , . ■ 

I Forenames) ; — . — I 

Address - 


When completed please send to: 

Kleinwort Benson Limited. M&G Share Information Office, 
FREEPOST. Melksham. Wiltshire SN12 7BR. 

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High-priced docklands 
property to subsidize 
inner Cltv regeneration 



An ambitious scheme to 
wide high-priced homes in 
ndon's Docklands which 
will help to subsidize lower 
priced shared ownership 
bouses and rented accom- 
modation is being considered 
by the London Docklands 
Development Corporation 

The scheme could be app- 
lied in all parts of the country 
which have a problem with 
urban or inner city regenera- 
tion. It would involve the 
public and private sectors 
combining in a way that both 
the Government and the 
Prince of Wales, after his 
comments on housing last 
week, would approve. 

Known as SHARE, Social 
Housing Asset Renewal Ex- 
change, the proposed scheme 
for the London borough of 
Tower Hamlets is the idea of 
Assured Developments, a 
non-profit making organiza- 
tion which is a co-venture by a 
team of architects and 

The concept has the hill 
support of Mr John Patten, 
the Minister of Housing; 
Tower Hamlets also favours 
it, and it is being put out to 
tender with four other 
schemes by the LDDG 

Under the plan for a prime 
riverside site on the Isle of 
Dogs, a total of 275 flats 

would be bttilt at foil marVpf 
value, with the generated sur- 
plus, forecast in the region of 
£5 million, used to fund the 
rehabilitation of 1,000 run- 
down inner city homes with- 
out cost to the local authority. 
It already has die backing of a 
leading building society. 

The essence of die scheme is 
a balance, on a four to one 
ratio, of low and high cost 

That is based on the shared 
ownership properties bring 


sold at a price affordable by 
those on average wwwiwg^ 
living in Tower Hamlets, 
about £7,00045,000, meaning 
properties at around £20,000- 

The scheme has been devel- 
oped by Mr Alan Edgar, a 
director of Assured Develop- 
ments, and sprang from the 
knowledge dial local authori- 
ties were finding it impossible 
to undertake repairs and 
improvements to their prop- 
erty after cutbacks in public 
sector finance. 

The formula involves non- 
profit makin g agencies, such 
as housing associations, carry- 
ing out high value develop- 
ments in high cost areas. 
Profits are then ploughed back 
to subsidize the budding of 
new homes, or improvement 
of existing properties, for 
shared ownership or rent 

Mr Kd jjpr said t hat in 
London, in particular, local 
people were bring priced out 
of the market because of high 
cost pressure created by more 
and more people wishing to 
live in the attractive housing 
projects emerging near the 
Thames. He added that this 
new balanced approach o£ 
feted a solution to help people 
on average earnings to find a 

He believed that the 
combination of a non-profit 
making developer and 
public/private sector partner- 
ships, is die key to success 

“Our scheme win be 
particularly attractive to peo- 
ple living in run-down council 
estates Additionally, as in 
Docklands, the concept could 
be applied not only elsewhere 
in London and the South-east, 
hut also on a smaller scale in 
other parts of die country 
which have a problem with 
urban or inner city 

Court battle over levy 

A county court challenge 
may force left-wing Sheffield 
district councillors to aban- 
don their policy of levying a 
special tax against council 
home buyers. 

In a lest case, which is 1 
closely followed by the 5,1 
people who have so fir 
successfully cleared admin- 
istrative hurdles set up by the 
council to obstruct home 
ownership, one buyer is 
contesting the council’s right 
to impose amenity charges on 
new owners. 

Another 150 summonses 
are outstanding, some alleging 
non-payment of the charges 
since they were introduced in 

Bills averaging £23 per - 
annum have been received by 
council house owners to cover 
grass cutting, landscaping, 
maintenance of communal . 

By Ian Smith 

television aerials and neigh- 
bourhood garage blocks. 

The council, led by. Mr 
David Btankett, member of 
the Labour National Exec- 
utive Council, argues the costs 
are already built m to coundl 
house rents, so tenants who 
have opted for private owner- 
ship must now contribute to 
maintenance out of their own 

But members of the Right to 
Association, set up to 
it what they describe as a 
financial obstruction imposed 
only to dissuade home buyers, 
say they will go to prison 
rather than pay. 

They have sought support 
from Mr John Patten, the 
Minister for Housing, and 
received a letter of support, in 
which Mr Patten describes the 
council levy as “blatant 
intimidation” and promises 

the backing of the D e p a rt me n t 
of Environment in the assoc- 
iation's legal battle: 

Only about 200 borne own- 
ers have so far paid the levy 
and in almost every case, the 
association says, it is becanse 
the owners are rideriy couples 
frightened of legal repercus- 

The association also points 
to what it describes as a 
farcical anomaly dating back 
to 1984, when for 12 months 
Conservative councillors won 
control of the district auth- 
ority from Labour for the first 
time in half a century. 

During their brief period in 
office, the Tories dropped the 
levy, which now means one 
owner may face no mainte- 
nance bills while his next door 
neighbour faces court action 
for refusing to pey. 

Hope for Bonnie Prince Charlie’s hideaway 

Two successful business- 
men have dedicated their lives 
to restoring a derelict eigh- 
teenth-century house on the 
Isle of Skye where Scottish 
heroine Flora MacDonald at- 
tempted to hide Bonnie Prince 

Mougstot House, in the 
remote Highlands of the Inner 
Hebrides, was the home of the 
chief of the MacDonald clan. 
Sir Alexander MacDonald, 
and it was to there that Flora 
fled “Over the Sea to Skye” 
with the Stuart Young Pre- 
tender to the British crown 
after the battle of Culloden in 

Mr Robert MacLuaidh and 
Mr James MacQueen were 
driven by that famous last line 
of the Skye boat song, sung by 
man y children from the nurs- 
ery upwards, to search for 
their ancestry on an island 
steeped in history. 

After the battle Flora and 
the Prince, who was dressed as 
a maid, travelled over the 
Scottish Highlands for several 
weeks before sailing from Uist 
in the Outer Hebrides to Skye 

Skye ballad inspires 
scheme to repair ruin 

By Angelin Johnson 

to seek 

from Sir 


Alexander’s wife. Lady Mar- 
garet. She did not share her 
husband's love for the English 
and was a secret Jacobite 

That journey is now an 
established part of Scottish 
folklore, captured in the song 
written by Harold Edwin 
Boulton in 1 884. and popular- 
ized by the local fishing 

Speed, bonnie boat, like a 
bird on the wing 

Onwards the sailors cry: 

Carry the lad that's bom to 
be King 

Over the sea to Skye. 

The Prince foiled to wrest 
the crown from King George 
U and fled to France. Flora is 
buried in the local churchyard, 
which is a favourite pil- 
grimage fortoarists. 

James MacQueen, a member of the family that supplied 
Bonnie Prince Charlie with the boat be used to flee from 
Skye after the failure of the 1745 rebellion, with his son, 
Robert, outside the roofless Mougstot House, Skye, which 
he and his partner, Mr Robert MacLuaidh, plan to repair 
(Photograph: Tom Kidd). Inset: the bouse in 1954, 

For three centuries the 
MacQueens were the official 
armourers and blacksmiths 
for the MacDonald Clan on 
the island. It was a taxman 
called Archibald MacQueen 
•who provided the boat on 
which the Prince eventually 
escaped foam Skye on his way 
to France. 

Mr MacLuaidh and Mr 
MacQueen, horrified at the 
way Mougstot House had 
been left at the mercy of the 
cutting wind from the Minch 
Sea, set up a trust to save the 
place associated with one of 
the major turning-points in 
the history of Scotland. 

The house was occupied 
over the years by different 
crofter families until 1956. 

The Mougstot Cans Trust 
plans to raise £50,000 to create 
a period village depicting 
Gaelic culture by refurbishing 
the house, farm buildings and 
surrounding cottages. 

The only obstacle at the 
moment is persuading the 
local crofters who are tenants 
on the land, to back tire 

When Mr MacLuaidh, aged 
40, visited Skye last April in 
search ofhis family roots - his 
ancestors had fought in the 
battle of Culloden - he was 
enchanted by its nigged land- 
scape and remote beauty. 

He said: “I came here 
looking for a link with the past 
and grew to love the simple 
old-world atmosphere of the 
area, with its tenant crofters 
and wild countryside.” 

He resigned his directorship 
of a construction company in 
Edinburgh and remained on 
the island. 

Soon afterwards he met Mr 
MacQueen, aged 45, a joiner 
from Lancaster, who bad 
moved to Skye in 1981 be- 
cause of what he described as 
“an invisible pul) to my roots” 
after he suffered several coro- 
nary attacks. 

Computer sale 
boosts health 
group budget ! 

By Keith Hindley 
The sale by Trent Regional: 
Health Authority (TRHA) of. 
computer programs it has* 
developed has boosted its 
patient care budget by more., 
than £20,000. V 

TRHA software is now ire 
use at 40 national health! 
service installations and has 
been selected by the RAF fop 
its hospital management sys^ 
tern at RAF Hallon. f 

Last Easter, the Trent 
authority made agreements, 
with Isiel Lid, of Redditch,. 
Hereford and Worcester, and 
Silicon Lab. of Birmingham;' 
to adapt and market various 
TRHA software packages^ 
They have been “exported” tar 
six of the other 13 regions irt 
England, and to Scotland. T 
The commercial partner*’ 
ship has brought other bene- 
fits. “The effort saved by these 
deals has made the benefits: 
available to our district staff 
much earlier than if we half; 
used our own resources," th^ 
Trent computer manager, M$ 
John Peyton, says. 


Business Pages. 


heavy going. 



Finding information in some 
business directories, can be like 
finding a needle in a haystack. 

Business Pages however, has 
been carefully designed to solve 
business problems* not create 

• For example* when you know 
the name of a company, but not 
the address and telephone num- 
ber, you'll find the information 
under alphabetical listings 
And Business. Rages has more 

listings than most of its larger 

There's also an identical in- 
dfc Montand back. 

^ whichever end of the 
book> istart, you'll find 
what you're looking for And 
to saveyou time, we've design- 
ed a useful 14sectorformat. 
(Under 'Building and Con- 
struction' for example, you'll 
find everything from drain- 
age pipes, to chimneys) 

Business Pages is published in 
seven convenient geographi- 
cal editions Each relates to one 
of the major industrial/com- 
mercial centres in Britain. 

If you're based in one 
of these areas every year we'll 
send you your first local copy 
free (unlike most of our com- 
petitors). So why use a Business 
directory that's heavy going, 
when you can use one that 
really pulls its weight? 

y nrrrtM R^ntoirrftOTWTiiwpteasecomartVWlliamScr^ Reading RG17PT.W: Reading (0734) 506201 

Aimrimr. HotCoIstirA (.Anil 
P 9 b«c.OK« tin 

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.. The Directory for Business 
-v Rzople 

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Though you may not realise it, a lot of life 
assurance companies have shareholders. 

And like it or not, those shareholders will get 
a chunk of the profit that’s made from your 
money. They can get their teeth into as much as 
10%, so it could cost you thousands . of pounds 
when your policy matures. 

At Scottish Amicable, we believe strongly 
that you should be the one who gains from your 
investment. That’s why we’re a mutual company 
with no shareholders. 

WMamm, Qeaeat. AonwaoKfH. 
hmw*. Crone* sad E rfa ca n om d . DmA 
wg/MmacefOati «sd ^vx&kmc. Office V: 

mmI sod TichwcA fl m teawmri 

SUe* WiMted 

AmnafirtniMti, Hwfei, 5 brtJ*d*t Orcctj*gj . Hgtsgea 

Muricfn- WMUag AnwMiref. 

««4. i* Mcnomm. Legal Nattbe*. (Wracwlgfc 
7 eaten. fmoMl, Service*. Legal Smacv f^haam>*sJ 
and TMwn. Loam 

1% Me*. for Sate, Wanted. Jtxiil**} Wmc . Amtrorv.V* 

U9K Fan. AaOMtav. Fri* ami l mmikI.C^uh 

Tm wpi rt . Can h* Sate, t #r> WmtfuL 1 mm&J k*rt I t«<r 
CefcMre Can, ibgnHttnm Knlwt. tkui*. JAism 

Service*. Kcnub. imM t\nprttc. 
fafcflT. New lipmM. ()wm» iV-prm 

J» mmi, (Imw. Ttctfw < .■«*■ Ktjv'mI. 
jSkcem ■ I oaten. XtitiiMl i^vntmiluki t 
vrkmuI. nmmjt i >at 

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ncnul ami MailVI I'mvdki. Haktaf i jal. f ^ 
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And that’s why all our profit goes back to ourj 
Svith profit’ policy holders. 

Whether they’ve got pensions, savings plans 
or endowments for mortgages. 

Ask any independent financial adviser about 
Scottish Amicable. , 

He’s likely to tell you that you’ll be much 
better off if you invest with us. 

Because unlike some companies, we don’t 
have shareholders who are hungry for your 


• Sates and Majketia| 
Professional and Tech! 

* Genera) Appt&rtmemfe 
fleet hire) •Independent 






Prison escape bid 
foiled in Cyprus 

jg . hlar 'p** ” a other 
^ " tae ^ to >* 

yacht in Laraaca 

k September 1*85, Cypriot 

exenx* yard ae*r foe pris 
Mb S™ P*«w» as a place of worship. 

“ ™««stnuaa commando who 
Bnt0B 1,111 Da»fe«u aged 27, 

irassport, and Abdel Hakim Saado Khalifa, aged 29, holder 

of aJor damaa passport. They were ail gtre^Bfe sen 

I fte security services said Cvnriot natinmik 


implicated in the escape attempt 
@ G«ral Demetrfos Matafias, cwmmtmter of the Greek 
Cypriot Naeonal Guard, has resigned «wM reports of 
disagreement with political leaders and Is being replaced 

25 killed, 1 00 hurt 
in Pakistan rioting 


Twelve., were seriously injured when troops fired on 
carfew mlatcrs and fresh undents of rioteoce were 
repwted during a two-hour carfew relaxation. 

Thu u. » - n ■> 

ami vehicles have been burned and roads blocked at many 
places by rioters. 

Aid deal 
for Kabul 

Geneva — Delegates of 
the International Commit- 
tee of the Red Cross 
(ICBC) are to work with 
the Afghan Red Crescent 
Society in setting-up a 
Kabul rehabilitation centre 
for disabled combatants 
(Alan McGregor writes). 

This will be followed by 
the dispatch of a surgical 
team, so re-establishing an 
ICRC presence which, 
apart from brief occasions 
in 1980 and 1982, has been 
notably absent since Soviet 
forces occupied Afghani- 
stan at the aid of 1979. 



peris (AFP) - The 
Chadian opposition leader, 
Mr Gonkouni Weddeye, 
has been kidnapped after 
being seriously wounded. in 
Tripoli in a gunfight with 
Ubyan soldiers, a leading 
aide said. 

Mr K a flan Ahmed said 
Mr GonkMqpf and- .some. ^ 
close assodateslweretafc®' 
from their residence to an 
nnknown destination, on 
tiie pretext of meeting Iib- 
yan leader Coload Ga d a ffi . 



-Madrid — The Spanish 
Commmrist Party acted as 
the principal sponsor of an 
anti-Naio and anti-US 
bases demonstration yes- 
terday which attracted a 
much smaller and less 
entfaasiastic crowd than 

giroilar wthw rnp jg (he 

past (fiarry IJebelias 

A few thousand men, 
women and children strag- 
gled down the broad 
Princess Avenue, waving 
flags of the Spanish 
Republic and various left- 
wing organizations. 



Tonis (Renter) — Tu- 
nisians rated yesterday in 
general elections boycotted 
by the opposition and cer- 
tain to result in an 
overwhelming victory 'for 
President BomgribaVnl- 
ing Destonrian Socialist 
Party (DSP). 

. The ptdlis the first sue 
five years ago, when 
opposition parties were al- 
lowed to challenge the DSP 
.for tike .first time in more 
than 20 years. V 

Seoul revolt charges 

Seoul (Renter) - More than 1J000 Sooth Korean 
students are expected to be charged is connection with last 
week’s Seoul campus revolt against President Chun, a 
police officer said yesterday. , 

He said that of about 1.500 demonstrators being 
questioned in 22 police stations across the capital, more 
than two thirds faced charges under the tough National 
Secnrity Law, which carries a mammon death penalty, and 
laws hpnning illegal protests and violence. 

Police detained 1^68 students oa Friday aft er 7,0 00 riot 
polke stormed five braidings at Kooknk University. - 

( » 

Few mourn death of a 
scourge of the Jews 

From Roger Bayes, Warsaw 

General Mieczyslaw Moo- 
Tar, aged 72, one of the most 
persistent contenders for the 
Polish leadership and an ar- 
chitect of the virulent anti- 
Semitic purges of 1968, died 
on Friday night, mourned by 
few. , . 

The politician, who was 
being treated at a special 
Interior Ministry hospital m 
Warsaw, died of leukemia. 

Despite the past ideological 
feuds between the current par- 
ty leadership and Mr Moczar, 
the television news gave a 
surprisingly full tribute to the 
former security police official. 

Mr Moczar, a pre-war Com- 
munist, fought in partisan 
units against the Germans and 

emerged after the war as secret 
police chief in Lodz; a major 
textile producing city in cen- 
tral Poland. In 1943 he was 
briefly a Deputy Minister of 
Security, but his police — and 
his party — career took off 
after 1956 when he was first 
deputy, then foil Interior 

From this power base— and 
drawing on the support of the 
War Veterans Association — 
he challenged Mr Wladyslaw 
Gomulka for power, stirring 
up a crude anti-Semitic cam- 
paign to embarrass the party 
chief in 1968. Thousands of 
Polish Jews and liberal think- 
ers lost their jobs or were 
forced into emigration. 

Superpowers meeting to test wills 

From Andrew McEwen 

The first test of tite poStical 
will of the superpowers to 
build on the Reykjavik founda- 
tions will take place in Vienna 
this week. 

The European Conference 
on Security and Co-operation, 
which opens tomorrow, 
Mr George 
the US Secretary of 
State, and Ins Soviet counter- 
part, Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, for the first 
time since their leaders parted 
without a handshake m Ice- 

By Thursday night, they 
wffll hare held at least one and 
possibly two sessions of talks, 
and may well have set foe tone 
for the coming months. 

American officials regard 
foe Vienna encounter as a 
“weatbervane”, while Soviet 
diplomatic sources view it as 
“very important”. The most 

could refresh the of 

the Geneva negotiators. 

For the foreign ministers of 
33 other nations, gathering for 
the conference opening, it 
offers hope of ranch-needed 
clarification: three weeks of 
contradictory statements from 
Moscow and Washington have 
left many diplomats wonder- 
ing precisely what was 
achieved at Reykjavik. 

Initial optimism that Presi- 
dent Reagan and Mr Gor- 
bachov had changed the 
course of East-West negotia- 
tions, even tf agreement eluded 
them, faded as differences of 
in te ip ret atiop multiplied. 

There has been a notable 
lack of Soviet action in Ge- 
neva. While the US has tabled 
its proposals at the strategic 
arras talks, Mr Viktor Karpov, 
foe chief Soviet arms nego- 
tiator, has been absent. 

In Washington there has 
been a dispute as to whether 
President Reagan agreed in 
Iceland that all nuclear weap- 
ons should be scrapped over 10 
years, or only afi ballistic 
issOes (retaining nuclear 
bombs and shells). The 
able answer is that he; 
his private derive for 

Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, the Soviet Foreign Minister and his wife, Nanuli Raschdeoowa, 
arriving in Vienna yesterday for the CSCE confere n ce, 
nuclear-free world to be dear SS 20s and American cruise unstated “dream dement* 1 in 

to Mr Gorbachov. 

The confusion has been 
compounded by a lack of 
unanimity within Nate. White 
publicly offering President 
Reagan every support, Euro- 
pean allies are less than 

The British Government is 
willing to accept an agreement 
to scrap all inter mediate 
unclear missiles - Soviet 

and Pershing 2 weapons — on 
the basis that the benefits 
outweigh the risksJt also sup- 
ports the US proposal for 
reductions of strategic weap- 
ons to 1,600 launchers and 
6,000 warheads. 

However, there is concern in 
Whitehall that while foe 
stated US position is accept- 
ably cautious, at least during 
the five years, there is an 

President Reagan's thinking. 

His dream is thought to be 
similar to Mr Gorbachov's 
aim for a noctear-free world, 
with the difference that the 
President sees the 
Defence Initiative (SDI) as l 
guarantor against unclear 

Mrs Thatcher is expected to 
remind the President at their 
Camp David meeting this 

mouth that she considers a 
nuclear-free world to be an 
unrealistic aim for foe for- 
seeabte future. 

The Government believes a 
30 per cent cut in strategic 
weapons feasible and a 50 per 
cent cut possible, bat complete 
elimination Of missile defences 
would leave Western Europe 
vulnerable to superior Soviet 
conventional forces. It is rd oc- 
tant to take at face value 
Soviet proposals for vast cuts 
in conveatiora] forces from the 
Atlantic to the Urals. 

If the Russians really 
wanted such comprehensive 
disarmament, they would bare 
demonstrated good faith at the 
MBFR (mutual balanced force 
redactions) talks in Vienna, It 
is argued. 

The thorniest Issue remains 
foe one on which the Reyk- 
javik folks foundered - the 
interpretation of the 1972 
ABM (anti-ballistic missile) 
Treaty. The Soviets Insist on a 
narrow definition, leaving the 
Americans free to test laser 
weapons in lira laboratory but 
not in space. 

Presklent Reagan's rejec- 
tion of this demand on the 
grounds that it would block 
development of SDL coupled 
with Mr Gorbachov's position 
tint there could be no package 
agreement without it, ted to 

Immediately after Reyk- 
javik, it appeared that there 
had been a misunderstanding. 
Mr Karpov, visiting London, 
told the press that an agree- 
ment could be made sepa- 
rately. later there was a 
change of tone: such a deal 
could be negotiated, but not 
signed until there was a pack- 
age indnding SDI. 

A high British official now 
believes it was Mr Karpov who 
misunderstood and that there 
was no deliberate plan to 
spread confusion. 

that “laboratory" could be 
defined as an land-based test- 
ing, but this would not satisfy 
the Administration. One rea- 
son is that this would leave 
Soviet scientists free to con- 
tinue their own laser weapon 
tests, which are land-based. 

on arms 

From Michael Bin yon 

President Reagan said at the 
weekend that prospects for a 
strengthened peace between 
the US and the Soviet Union 
were better now than at any 
time in the past 40 years. 

He said he and Mr Gorba- 
chov made more progress in 
Iceland than their negotiators 
made in two years. “It’s no 
longer a matter of “if we 
reach agreement; it’s now a 
matter of “when,” he said. 

The two leaders made “ma- 
jor gains" in addressing key 
issues, and the US was now 
building on these. Everything 
the US proposed at Iceland 
was still on the table - Wash- 
ington was ready to move for- 
ward on a 50 per cent cut in 
strategic forces, on eliminat- 
ing intermediate-range mis- 
siles in Europe and on scrap- 
ping ballistic missiles on both 
sides during the next decade. 

Mr Reagan said he had 
asked Mr George Shultz, the 
US Secretary of State, to 
discuss ihese and other issues 
with Mr Eduard Shevardnad- 
ze, the Soviet Foreign Minis- 
ter. when the two meet in 
Vienna this week. 

“Every time our countries 
meet we have that opportu- 
nity. We will use this meeting 
to solidify and advance the 
progress we made," President 
Reagan said. His optimistic 
assessment is clearly timed to 
encourage voters to support 
his Administration^ foreign 

• MOSCOW: Pravda ac- 
cused the US Administration 
yesterday of depending on the 
“billions of dollars" profits 
generated by the arms race (A 
Correspondent writes). The 
paper said this was dem- 
onstrated by the US commit- 
ment to SDI. 

GM faces 

From Ray Kennedy 

A tough list of conditions 
for multinational companies 
disinvesting from South Af- 
rica was issued yesterday .by 
unions representing nearly 
3,000 strikers at the Port 
Elizabeth plant of US-owned 
General Motors. 

The strike, which began on 
Wednesday, is over GM*s 
plans to puB out of South 
Africa and hand its operation 
over to local management. 

In a joint statement yes- 
terday the National Auto- 
mobile and Allied Workers' 
Union, which represents two- 
thuds of the strikers, the 
Metal and Allied Workers’ 
Union and the Motor In- 
dustry Combined Workers’ 
Union declared that job ten- 
ure should not suffer when 
firms withdraw from foe 
country but rather the com- 
panies' profits should “hear 
the brunt erf apartheid." 

GM, foe unions said, had 
drawn profits for 60 years and 
now wanted to pull out at no 
cost to itself. 

Under foe terms of a ju- 
dicial order granted to GM, 
foe unions have until early 
today to show cause why the 
strike should not be declared 
unlawful. If they fail to do so 
GM will he tolly entitled to 
dismiss the sinkers. 

Mr Bob White, foe manag- 
ing director of GM in Port 
Elizabeth, has denied unions’ 
claim that they have not been 
consulted about foe handover 
to local management and says 
the firm is doing everything 
possible to preserve jobs and 
continuity erf employment 

Yesterday's statement by 
the unions was clearly aimed 
not only at GM but at other 
multinationals contemplating 

Pretoria links drink to crash 

n Our Own 

rica claimed at the 
that alcohol was 
t Mood of at least 
crew members of 
which crashed OP 
i, kitting President 

M ozambique and 

ople. . 

fo African F®egu 
Mr R F W* 
) alleged that foe 
hampered by oh* 
ament on the air* 

rriet-bmlt Tnpofcv 

id feited to make 
; of navigational 

ha said he hud 
nake these “facts" 

Mozambique yesterday 
angrily domed allegations by 
Mr RF “Pik” Botha, foe 
South African Foreign Min- 
ister, that the Soviet-built 
plane in which President 
Madid died had obsolete, 
equipment (Reuter reports 
from Maputo). 

As expert said foe Tupolev 
TU-134 had been manufac- 
tured in 1980 specifically to be 
use d as a presidential jet and 
was equipped with modem 
electro nic equipment 

ffllfc, a few hundred yards 
inride South Africa, as it was 
rp tnr n fo g president Madid 
from a visit to Zambia. Hie 
most convincing nowrinistor 
explanation fa that foe pitot 

flying too dose to the ground. 
“This exposed a serious fad 

Mr Botha also churned that 
the aircraft’s outdated in- 
strnaients were “locked in" on 

was still 45 miles from the city, 
which could have given foe 
impression foe crew were bud- 
fag at Maputo airport at the 

He said Sooth Africa had 
htfonnatioa that foe Mozuo- 

it South Africa 
Kmsible far the 

annda of .Zam- 
after a meeting 
ites to Maputo* 

i there was 

evidence” that 
had lured 
heft plane off 

. Tjdmmha 

Mr Botha said foe plane 
was not equipped with an 
automatic ground proximity 
warning system which alerts 
pflo&n they descend below a 

a sea resc ue . 
suggesting that grw>id staff in 
Maputo did not know the 
location of foe plane. 

It was in radio commuatea- 
tfoa with Maputo airport and 
the tape recording would 
“prove beyond doubt that the 
crew were prepared for a 
gonna] Mr Bothp 


“There is no evidence off any 

The manually-operated in- 
struments m the plane were 
set at zero, according to Mr 
Botha, so tire crew had no 
warning that foe plane was 

at any time white the aircraft 
was still to foe air." 

The Pretoria authorities are 

black boxes contenting voice 
recordings of foe pilots and 
technical data relating to foe 


“You have to be strong inside to live alone 
stuck in a wheelchair on the top floor of a 
tower block. At one time I felt like a prisoner 
in my own home: I didn't get out for weeks 
on end. I got a bit fed up, though I still 
had Chad, my songbird, for company ” 

In Britain, one household in 
seven is inhabited by an old person 
living on their own. One old person 
in three has no close relative. It is easy 
to understand that loneliness, among the 
old, is epidemic 

“ After my husband died I felt I was just 
wasting away from loneliness. I used to just 
sit watching the shadows cross my sitting 
room wail. I knew / should be getting out 
and about more, but how ; and where to? 
It's not easy, not with a walking frame" 

For 20,000 old people every week 
that getting out and about is a Help the 
Aged minibus. 

Sometimes it’s their sole link with 
the community: 

“Honestly, before I drove this run I didn't 
know what gratitude meant I’ve taken 
people to the shops for the first time in 
3 years. One old man wondered what 
happened to the trams. Often you can see 
their health improve just from contact with 
the other people at the Day Centre, and the 
outside world ” 

Help the Aged have helped fund 250 
minibuses for voluntary groups to run. 
We support Day Centres, Day Hospitals, 
provide Emergency Alarm Systems and 
support hundreds of other simple, prac- 
tical projects that combat the frailty, 
isolation and loneliness millions suffer, 
just because they’re old. 

“ Old age takes away family, and friends, 
and your mobility, till there you are, just 
with the telly And not all of us like telly, 
you know t we prefer people ” 

To find out more about our work, 
or to send a donation, please write to 
Help the Aged, 25 th Anniversary Appeal, 
Freepost, 62651, l 

St James’s Walk, 

London ECIB IBD. 

Help the Aged 



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Boston secession move 

From Paul Vailely, Boston 

Ninety-five per cent of the “This is not a racial issue. It Liberties Union of Massa- 
black population of Boston is an issue of land control,'" cfausetts, who is black and a 
will be asked to vote tomorrow qM Mr Andrew Jones, a Banbury resident, 
on whether its boroughs violinist and television pro- “Otherwise the black corn- 
sbooid secede and establish a ducer who is one of the prime nonitv will be poshed out just 
new independent city, which movers of Mandela. '‘Integra- ^ \i ^ being pushed out of 
has been given the working tioo and job opportunities were three- other downtown areas.” 
title of Mandela- the issues of the sixties. The background to this may 

The proposal on which Gentrificaooo and displace- be civic nefitkt bat the mecha- 
black activists have raised ment are the issues of the nism is economic- In the down- 
sufficient ,supi£ttt j^eqmre eighties." town areas it happens through 

tomorrows referendum, has The vote is to be taken m the ^ fausadal muscle of major 
rekindled some of the emotion 10 boroughs of which basiness institutions seeking 
which made the aty one of the RoxWy, five annates From nW gfi^ S pace.faRoxbiiryit 
most notonons centres of ra- the expensive real estate of faa _ beeun through 
riai conflict daring the bossing downtown Boston, is the aestriTtcation. 

controversies of the sixties. centre. In its hevday it was the ^ t 

Most oteerren think there Mur, resideodal area, bf 
is little chance that the notion now many of its magnificent 
of Mandela, Massachusetts, wooden tensions are tumble- 
wffl win favour. But not- down, boarded up or razed by •“*»;“ *■* 
withstanding the outcome, the ux epidemic of arson blamed hil£ 

vote is assuming national on needy landlords seeking P™? 00 «**esnne«ts which 
significance as a symbol of the insurance money (a former tm^recectly seemed poor, 
growing depression and degra- Boston fireman was convicted The white city fathers are 
datum of the inner city areas to of 33 cases on their behalf). appalled by the prospect of 
which America's urban blacks Today it is occupied by the losing 25 per cent of B oston , 
seem condemned. black and Hispanic ctrauniuu- including the highest percent- 

“This could apply to Har- ties and it is dilapidated not age of undeveloped land in die 
lent, to parts of Detroit, of only physically. Its aoemploy- downtown area. They have b- 
Chkago and other cities,'* said mem rate is double that of sued a report which claims 
Professor Melvin King, of the Boston and its crime rate, es- that Mandela would start of 
Department of Urban Studies penally drug dealing, is sabs- with a $I3:> million (£96^4 
at the Massachusetts Institute tantially higher. About one million) deficit (its snare of the 
of Technology and one of the third of its residents five off overall city debt) and with few 
city’s leading black poli- welfare. businesses to tax would re- 

ijfwwL He is in favour of “The city authorities have Quire a rate rise of 61 per cent, 
secession. given Roxbury the lowest which would fall on ordinary 

Other sections of the black priority in terms of schools, residents, 
community, led by the more housing and health services. The city of Mandela is not 
established dergy and wealth- They are about to dose down an immediate prospect. Even if 
ier black businessmen, oppose its railway line arid reopen it a there is a “yes" vote the result 
it on the grounds that the mile away in a white business will not be binding upon the 
system would foster racist area. Racism is too strong in State Legislature. But either 
feelings in the city, where Boston. The only way we can way it calls attention to a 
blacks and whites already succeed is to secede," said problem at the heart of Ameri- 
aliege that certain areas of the Marine McCleod, a common]- ca’s cities which Is not going to 
city are unsafe for them. cations worker with the Civil disappear of Its own accord. 

lions, controls and the federal 

He called him a "long-time 
leader in the ‘blame America 
first' crowd," and accused him 
of opposing the liberation of 
Grenada, opposing every 
strong action needed to pro- 
tect US security and playing 
fast and lose with the lives of 
intelligence agents and those 
who protected America.” 

Mr- Reagan's exhausting 

rasiaent Rtagan appealed 
at the weekeqj for voters in 
tomorrow’s congressional el- 
ection to cast their ballots in 
an attempt to end the apathy 
that threatens to produce one 
of the lowest turn-outs in 

As the pcfls pointed to a 
very close oce in many key 
states, witt the Democrats 
edging aheid of the Repub- 
licans and: poised to resume 

control of -C_ 

President iirew himsrif ener- - 

getically irto the effort to rally dent Ronald 
Republics loyalists. c? — *■ ** 

He lokf a nampaip 

Orange Country, rv . , 

conservative area around Los the Secret Service said at the 
Angdesj that everythin g be weekend (AFP reports)- 
had acbeved in politics began f* * ' ^ .* T_*_ 

with bi* victory there in 1966. threatening the President In But polls have shown that 
He was not elected to be a six- bis car police found a loaded though the President remains 
year pesi d ent, however, and revolver. enormously popular, even in 

he urge! voters to prevent the - — ■■ " ■ - Democratk-held states, his 

Deraocats blocking his men- state to support Mr Ed speeches make only a very 
sures in his Last two years. Zschau, the Republican small difference to the support 

"If the other party regains challanger. “If s about tithe we forl he Republican candidates, 
control Of the Senate, they P* 1 * an individual tn this HoweveT, he has chosen 
could well drag us right trek Senate who reflects the spirit inappropriate moment to an- 
to the same pit we left °f California instead of the nounce . measures to boos! his 

Reagan’s name 
on the bullet 

Ihe Senate, the Robert Nrison, aged 23, ms campaign appearance in mar- 
arrested just ahead of Presi- gfnal states in the West are 
Reagan’s visit to intended to boost the chances 
Spokane after police found a of Republicans. Although, as 
rally in ballet labelled M F©r you, Mr he says, this is the last political 
deeply President” jin Ws hotel room, campaign of his life, n is also 
* L ' ** " 0 5 ‘ **”? one of the most vital if be is 

, , — not to become a lame duck 

He has been charged with President in his last two years. 

temperature of US voters on This shift fa largely attrih- 
tbe eve of the election, is that tied to newl ecoaonuc data 
economic issues, not "Star showing that |US growth ha- 
Wars" or summitry, wffl be proved in tbd third quarter, 
the deriding factor. growing at a hate of 2A per 

It . is in the American cent and Suitlthe hurgeosuag 
“hea rtland ** in Iowa, Sooth trade deficit feM at last began 
Dakota, Dfinris, OUahoma, to decline. In September toe 
and otter stales suffering a trade deficit fefl • to $12J> 
depression in toe agrienftare bfillon, toefewsttevd to five 
and energy industries that toe months. \ 

Democratic bjd to r^ue the White Home officials 
Senate wiO be dedded. seized the mnuth pvchto 

’ But as election day draws that the US kxameny was 
near, no-one Is certain how again «n track] he ading to- 
ft. V. Barmann, a Missouri wards stronger (growth next 
grain forinM^dr Michael JlSt . yean. ] 

to n, toe manag er of Dallas’s . . Tomorrow’s election result 
Energy Chh, will roteArth wffl determine seriously 
men have shown up in national voters heeded throe re m a rks , 
surveys as symbols of toe Although Mr Be 
growing concern over the slug- another wave 
gish US economy. __ popularity, poO 

In early autumn, as the US this acceptance 
trade deficit surged towards a essnrily tran 
record $170 HUkhi, concern pofiries. 
among voters was hirii. . I nde e d , one 
America’s status as toe interesting trea 
world's largest debtor nation, tioa fa the camp 
for the first time since 1914, Scans to distal 
was often in the news: toe from the Presid 
jobless rate was rising to 7 per In Iowa, Sent 

cent and toe economy falling , Grasseky was 
that is growing by only 0.6 per harsh critic « 

toe more 
s this elec- 
iby ftepub- 
’s pdides. 
Charles E. 
early and 

polls favour 
His tidies 

a fev- Beirut, would make much dit 
-m ete:- ference to the result 
noetic Mr Paul Kiit, toe Demo- 
ibe Pe- aatic national chaunnan, said 
-air icy it would have “very little 
f 2 teal impact”. He said peo^e 
^tro-’ of would naoics and be glad- 
iha'Kmih- denod, but this Section was 
5V47 daiority. about electing senators, con- 
~„7battiing ftesstnen and governors. 
Jus have Other concerns would wing 
n a third voters to the polk, 
t had not Mr Frank Fahrenkopf, toe 

1 10 the Republican national chair- 
1 *>5 per man, agreed. "We want to 
itoested. wish the families toe best, but 
•lections, we also have oilier hostages 
ner cent that we should be concerned 
Tand 27 about I think for their safety, 
l little to- perhaps, partisan politics 
should stay away from this 
issue right new." 

Foreign policy and msyor 

David domestic questions have play- 
ed little part in the campaign. 

publicans in at least ic 
states, giving them t 
chance to resume cog 
ihe Senate, where r“- 
Hcans have a f ‘ 

The parties are 
voter apathy and P 
shown that more tni 

of the electorate smm 

paid much atirntm 
campaign* wito 0U3 

cent being aenvemr 

in the last nnd-tetfit 
four years ago. 


per cent said thejjnaa 1 
W Tte chainnen'of ho* par: 

bosiage in 

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; - -! -• 

Argentina in search 
of anti-UK strategy 

From Ed 

CaS, Buenos Aires 


Argentina. Uruguay and Bra- 
zil met yesterday to map out a 
common strategy in response 
to tbe British Government's 
decision to declare a 200-mile 
exclusion zone around the 
Falkland Islands. 

The session, near the Uru- 
guayan resort town of Puma 
del Este, ended a weekend of 
frantic diplomatic activity by 
the Argentine Government in 
its attempt to isolate Britain 
on the Falldands issue. 

Tbe Argentine Government 
has sent two high-ranking 
Foreign Ministry officials to 
explain its position to a num- 
ber of governments, including 
those of Spain, Italy, France, 
Holland, Algeria. and Zim- 

Tbe Foreign Minister, Se- 
hor Dante Caputo, who took 
part in the Punta del Este 
session yesterday, met the US 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Inter-American Affairs, Mr 
Elliott Abrams, on Saturday to 
discuss the Latest develop- 
ments. As was the case dining 
the Faiklands war, there is an 
underlying suspicion here that 
the US is supporting Britain 
despite Washington's claims 
to neutrality on the issue. 

At the weekend, Buenos 
Aires sent London a forma] 

protest Note in which it 
claimed that by declaring that 
Britain controlled a 200-mile 
fishing zone around die is- 
lands, Mrs Thatcher's Gov- 
ernment “had pre f erred to 
introduce a new factor of 
tension in the area that will 
lead to unforeseen consequ- 
ences. . 

“The responsibility for this 
situation will inexorably fell 
on the British Government, * 
the Note said. 

In a demonstration of na- 
tional unity the Argentine 
Senate late on Biday night 
ratified the fishing treaties 
between Argentina, die Soviet 
Union and Bulgaria, which 
authorize those countries to 

fish in the disputed zone, and 
which were the i 

origin of the 

current crisis. 

Approval of the treaties, 
which must still be passed by 
the Lower House here, was 
seen as vital in order to 
strengthen the Argentine pos- 
ition at international forums. 

But despite the stroi 
port the Government 
dent Raul Alfbnsin has 
received from political parties 
of all ideological shades, some 
prominent politicians have 
been critical of the Foreign 
Ministry's handling of the 
issue, especially with regard to 

Buenos Aires protests 
over fishing curbs 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Argentina officially pro- 
tested to Britain at die week- 
end and rejected the 150-mile 
fishing protection zone im- 
posed around the Falkland 
Islands last week. 

In a diplomatic note sent to 
the Foreign Office through the 
Argentine interests section of 
the Brazilian Embassy hi 
London, Argentina said tbe 
British move had “unfore- 
seeable" consequences. 

A Foreign Office 
man said only that die note 
was dmihf to tbe p w l wl 
statement released in Buenos 
Aires on Wednesday. 

Argentina claims sover- 
eignty over the Fafflands and 
their fishing grounds. 

Tbe British measures mean 
must be 
j the islands 
they can operate in 
their wains. 

tbe fishing pacts. The doubts 
were expressed daring a 
closed-door session on Friday 
between Senor Caputo and 
leading members of Congress; 

Tbe leader of the Centre 
Democratic Union, Senor 
Alvaro AJsogaray, said he had 
serious questions “about the 
manner in which the Foreign 
Ministry bad conducted the 
issue of tbe Falldands, and 
about foreign policy in 

Other politicians too won- 
dered aloud whether the Gov- 
ernment had considered all 
the possible consequences of 
its fishing agreements .with 

* Moscow and Sofia. 

Senor Caputo has insisted 
that all possible British re- 
actions to the fishing treaties, 
which commit the Argentine 
Government to provide port 
facilities for the Soviet fishing 
trawlers, were carefully stud- 
ied. Nevertheless Buenos 
Aires was dearly surprised by 
the British measures and has 
sought numerous explana- 
tions for them, including pos- 
sible US involvement and 
Mrs Thatcher's internal politi- 
cal problems. 

The new military commit- 
tee set up last week m response 
to the British move met for 
the first time at the weekend. 
Fears have been raised that 
the committee, composed of 
the President, the Defence 
Minister and top military 
commanders, has given, the 
armed services a new prestige 
which they had lost following 
their defeat in the Falldands 

• Pern solidarity; President 
Alan Garcia- of Peru arrives in 
Buenos Aires today to bring “a 
message of support and 
solidarity” for Argentina’s 
stand on Britain's fisheries 
limit around the Falkland 
Islands, the Public Informs 
tion Secretariat said in a 
statement yesterday (Reuter 


as Eta 

Vitoria Reuter) - Police 
yesterday feed unbanned an 
* ■* — — kidnapped by Eta 
natist guerrillas. A 
poticeofSc^I was Tolled anda 
inured in a gim 
ikesmasl Sefior' Emilio 
said. . 

Senor Jtnaro Garcia 
Andoin, Director of Police 
Affairs of thepasque autono- 
mous govenuzent, died when 
shots were exchanged with 
guerrillas ■ hokmg. the indus- 
trialist, . Seftor. . Lucio 

Aguinagalde, m a cave near 
this northern \ dty ? Senor 
Alfaro said. \ . 

Flrpmai affotnpting fn y ^ 

nrile radios ware confined to thdar homes anti! the 

Basle chemical fire hits 14 

From Aba McGregor 

Fourteen people were treat- 

ed in hospital after inhaling 

fumes released by a cbemii 
plant fire beside the Rhine at 
Basle on Saturday. 

Only “minute traces” of 
toxic chemicals have been de- 
tected in air, soil and water 
tests after the storage depot 
fire at the Sandoz Company's 
Scbwtdzerhalle plant 
Tbe smoke cloud billowing 
from explosions durum the 

which Spooked flames 

200 ft high, was dispersed by 
the wind as it passed over 
neighbouring West German 
and French territory. 

The “chemical catastrophe” 
alert obliging some 400,000 
people to remain in their 
homes with windows tightly 
dosed for four hours until it 
was lifted at breakfast time on 
Saturday, lift only a pungent 
odour — “like a mixture of 
rotten, ^gs and burning cof- 

fee" — and a Rhine tinted red 
by chemicals in the water from 
the hoses draining info the 
river. * t •• 

The depot contained 815 
tonnes of agricultural chemi- 
cals including pesticides. Ma- 
ny people experienced 
irritation of the throat and 
eyes, but the worst sufferers 
were fish, exterminated en 
masse near the plant. A fish 
farm lost its entire stock. . 

The stench and alarms woke 
people within a 12-mile ra- 
dius. Local radios broadcast a 
“stay indoors” warning. The 
plant is only three miles from 
the dry centre. 

Dunxig the alert Swiss cus- 
toms ornoexs on the nearby 
frontier wore gas mask*, 
motorways and the main sta- 
tion were dosed, and public 
transport suspended. 

It took 150 firemen seven 
hours to control the fire. 

• VIENNA: Seventeen peo- 
ple were lolled and 19 taken to 

hospital for emergency treat- 
ment after an aixaderit yester- 
day at a Bulgarian chemical 
plant near the Blade Sea port 
ofYarfia, 250 miles north-east 
of Sofia (Reuter reports). ~ 
There was so indication of 
how the people were killed or 
whether the accident-, 'had 
caused a pollution alarm or 
forced evacuations. 

The official Bulgarian news 
agency, BTA, saia a Govern- 
ment-appointed co mmissio n 

had started to investigate foe 
accident and to hdpto put the 
works back into normal opera- 

In an apparently co-inci- 
dental move, Sofia Radio said 
early yesterday that the man- 
agement of the country’s 
chemical industry bad been 
for incompetence. 
Diplomats the plant 
was rarely publicised in tire 
Bulgarian press and informa-; 
tion cm what ft produced was 
not available. . 

. People within a 12- 
; under controL 

stay cool 

Warsaw (AFFj? — Radio 
Solidarity, the p&te station 
| run by toe imdeigjound rem- 
nants of .foe babied trade 
union, broadcast dssidentpo- 
emt and songs mi tiime-time 
television in Wanaw at the 
ixi, according to reports 
from several parts of the 
capftaL 1 

Czechs flee 

(from Christopher Mosey 

Sweden’s protest to the So- 
Union, over the bugging of 
Moscow Embassy is unHke- 
[seriou sly to affect its kmg- 
stfodieg intention to improve j oi j * 
reunions, with its superpower j OlQuCDtS (116 
no^ibour, dqdomats said yes- I — — .u . 

Hambtng (Reu^r) — Nine 
Czechoslovak access left a 
Soviet crnise stop after it 
docked here and requested 
political asylum. I 


„ least 30 mi crophones 
were found, apparently install- 
ed yhen the embassy was built 

in 972, and.a “serious” pro- 
test note was handed to the 
Sopet Ambassador in Stocfc- 
Mr Boris Pankin. 

foe Swedish Gov- 
wared anxious 

Jent should not 

jeoj irdise talks next month 
emtorial rights over a 
p rted area of foe Baltic Sea 
t ie inland of Gotland. 

students and 

were injured here wren police 
fired bullets and tdr gas la 
disperse student demon- 
strators protesting agrinst ris- 
ing prices and food : 

Siege death 


Man Friday. 

Saturday, Sunday. 




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Mystery carries 

Munich (AP) — Police 
stormed a Munich apartment 
and shot an arsed maw 
who had held his ex-#zifiiend 
hostage for 36 hours, authori- 
ties said. 

haunting echo from the past 

Murder of British teachers 

From Philip Jacobson 
■ Draan . - 

. A bedraggled trench of wild 
flowers hi a plastic bag marks 
the spot on the edge of a maize 
field in Brittany where foe 
tefcaxrdy cycling holiday , of 
Lorraine Gbsby and Pud 
BeOlon ended in their cold- 
blooded ewnlhni with i J2 
ballet to foe back cf foe neck. 
The two British teachers, who 
ngagpd, were last seen 
•five in mid- August. ' 

The makeshift bouquet, bid 
by someone from Laavalby, 
foe nearest village to the 
remote corner of foe Asvfn 
Valley, where foe apparently 
n wtirel t s& murders took place, 
reflects foe vexy neat sorrow 
Wt by the vflhgcss for foe 
femfltes and. friends of foe 
, who wane both em- 
ployed in Norfolk schools. 
“Please write to your aews- 
tper that all of ns here still 
wre deeply for these two. 
innocent young people,” said 
M Lends Gauthier, foe may- 
oral assistant in this p re tty 
town south of St Mato, as ire 
stood to pomtograto where a 
tranter’s dog had found foe - 
half-naked corpses, gagged 
and raped together, with foefr 
hands board. 

“Please teO them that we 
hope with all our hearts that ' 
foe rife criminals responsible 
are brought to jpwtfce.” Bat 
nobody knows better than M 
Jacques Gedda how difftadt 
this wffl be. 

M Goida, a cairn, likeable 
offtetoinl aged 40 and head 
of foe FoBce Jndktofre — foe - 
equivalent of the CH> - for foe 
whole of Brittany, was put to 
charge of foe case by M 
Charles Pasqua, foe French 
Interior Minster, after local 
police made something of a 
mess of foe pdfadony in- 
vestigations (beginning with 
their toihse to cordon off toe 
of the crime from 

A poflcepwter at foe youth hostel, where foe gnadered coa- 
p* was unpoMdlj heading, appeals for help to foe inquiry. 

I asm yon, we really 
it with the 

Accordtoj t» M Goida, 30 
pooce bare been working on 
foe case men or less toO-fone. 
don’t ned to tefl yon font 

this rapreseils man y n 
man hoars. Ve have had weft 

• from his Rennes 
office, M Goida was adamant 
that hfe department fco*t 
thrown every pos si ble re so mce 
into foe hunt for foe British 
couple’s kflters.“You most 
understand foe difficrities in- 
volved In fth case,” heiadd. 

‘At the time of year tins 
terrible thing occurred, Brit- 
tany was busting with French 
and for eto n tourists, literally 
hmdreds of thousands of peo- 
• a foe move. It is extrsor- 
arily difficult to recreate 
foe movements of Just two 
people, especially since they 
appear to have set up their tent 
outside org amz ed c amping ar- 

orer 100 raponses to oar 
pAfic appeds for inform^ 

The first objective, he said, 
was to recreate tiie route that 
fed the teadursfrina their last 
known location a cottage 
some 36 miles Tram Dqtan, 
towards « pre-fool ' * 

- - from St 



eas. Because of this, we stffl 
sely how long 

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don't know precisely i 
their bodies were lying ia that 
Sefci, though it appears to have 
been for several weeks.” • 1 
Stabbing witii Us ftoger at 
foe topographicsl map of foe 

area on foe wait he explained 

how his investigation had been 
torized. “Fast we began a 
rate search on the ground; 
starting with a arete of 10 km 
diameter. We knew by then 
what else besides their b>- 
eyefes had not been found with 
the bodies. We also used a 
pofice helicopter, police divers 
in the Rive- Ranee and foe 
many pools and lakes to foe 

foot-high stalks — _ 

“We bare issued, 
of leaflets a 
nesses, we _ _ 
appeals on TVand 
p ubli s he d in 
press,” M Goida , 

answm to s^gestkmp u 

French police were not - 
tte case as seriously as 

m i gh t. .. , 

^Erery response we 
flowed up. anyone ofic 
information is toterri 
foefr statements taken , 
sifting- out the obv ious 
tote, we were left with severaB 

teads "M** w? 
■are followed up to foe almost 

of our ability. Bntl hare to sav 

to yoa that we stfil do nothapre 

■ay positive does in this 
toroaiybly difficult case.” 

heart* I don’t think Us ihoi 

COoM «. 1 “ ¥e I've 

seat them on hands hww 

to ^ fields, in foe 

m foe mere. I’ve heard t£!t 

^^^foo cootesttraa*, 

As M Gauthi e r mhappOy 
acknowledges, the murders 
are not gotog to help foe 
region’s efiorfs to attract tom- 
ists.^ “Net exactly good propa- 
ganda, is it, espedaBy to an 
area renowned for British 
tomBy holidays?” 

Like everyone else I spoke 
to locally, MGaufota found it 

hard to accept that there may 
be a merciless lcfller to foe 
midst of his commsntty. “We 
are gentle and hospitable peo- 
ple Sere,” be maintained- “We 
don’t hare the same crimes as 
foe h% cities.” Yet at foe hock 
of his «M V ' - and* <me 
suspects, that of M Grids - 
foe brutal mteder of lfoem' 
old loriiK flashy and 38-' 
Ye ar-Ud Paul BeOiou echoes a. 
haunting note .'from- fop 
region's past. 

-In the numer of .1975 -a- 
cbnple af Betouns of identical - 
age, Mr and Mbs van Arpen* 
woe- killed win foot to to 
Back of foe neck with foe same 


case was convinced tint dm 
van Arpam. werevldHOd by 
ch mch robbers they had 
chanced upon. Attboogb their 
edr was soon found, other 
personal 'poss e ssions have 
ap and nobody 
ever, been serious^ qaes- 

, let aloue chaigedr over 

te tflllng - . .. 

_ nuriferer 
to his patch, 
brae that aa 
rifle fo Mr 


ffie asnal weapon oft a 
^nfodunT obriteL) On 
foe Otter hand, however,^ 
«snes that the kflfer £ar 
*^ws) nay have dasred 
upon th hacks to fife 

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Opinion polls 
confounded as 

Sir Joh Works Peking 

From Robert Gneve 

Ms folksy spell j-Jsss 

_ _ _ . _ , the weekend that his Ch 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney h«et« haH hi 

Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen con- 
founded opinion polls and the 
media at the weekend, and 
confirmed Ms status as the 
most successful of Australian 
politicians by winning an 
election which, unless mortal- 
ity intervenes, will extend his 
premiership of Queensland to 
21 years. 

Sir Job's victory was an 
emphatic rejection by the 
electorate of allegations of 
'corruption within his Na- 
tional Party administration. 

The 75-year old peanut 
-farmer's victory was even 
more dear-cut than in his last 
great triumph, 1983, when he 
broke an alliance of >5 years 
with the Liberal Party and, 
despite dire warnings of catas- 
trophe, won power in his own 
right-Once again, the “Sir 
Job" phenomenon has been 
demonstrated to defy an 
known opinion polls. 

The devoutly conservative 
premier, who has nwA» his 
political life a crusade against 
‘“creeping socialism" in cen- 
tral government, said the re- 
sult meant the end was in sight 
for the Hawke Labor Govern- 

“Our assault on Canberra 
begins tonight," be said. The 
victory would “give people in 
other states some hope of 
regaining freedom and over- 
coming socialism” 

“The message for Mr 

Hawke is make the best of it 
while you are there, because 
you won't be there fix' much 
longer,” he said. 

In the end, the notorious 
Queensland gerrymander — 
which concentrates voting 
power in the conservative 
fanning areas which support 
Sir Joh — had less of a 
distorting effect on the out- 
come than had been the case 
in the past 

With 80 percent of the vote 
counted by last night die 
indication was that the Na- 
tionals had increased their 
share of the vote by 0.4 per 
cent to 39.4 per cent 
The party is expected to have 
between 48 and 51 seats in the 
new 89-seat parliament 

The Labor Party again re- 
ceived the highest percentage 
of votes — around 41.8 per 
cent although this was 2.5 per 
cent down on 1983. Mr Nev- 
ille Warburton. who became 
the seventh Labor leader to be 
seen off by Sir Job, said there 
was something wrong when a 
party could rain an absolute 
majority with the support of 
less than four out of 1 0 voters. 

The biggest loser was the 
Liberal party, which had 
seemed resurgent in opinion 
polls and had been tipped to 
hold the balance of power in a 
hung parliament The increase 
in the Liberal vote by 2 per 
cent to 16.4 per cent was for 
less than forecast 

From Robert Grieves 

Signor Bettino Craxi, the 
Italian Prime Minister, said at 
the weekend that his Chinese 
hosts bad questioned him at 
length about Italy’s involve- 
ment in the US Strategic 'De- 
fence Initiative. - 

Italy was the fourth country 
to join the US in Star Wars 
research, after Britain. West 
Germany Israel. Hrina 
has so for refused to partici- 

Signor Craxi said Chinese 
officials told him they were 
uncomfortable with the Amer- 
ican pursuit of Star Wars 
since, m their view, the Soviet 
Union will soon be forced to 
engage in similar research. 

The Italian Prime Minister 
said the Chinese also reiter- 
' ated their position that they, 
along with the nations of 
Western and Eastern Europe, 
should pursue a foreign policy 
that is independent of the poli- 
cies of the two superpowers. 

Mr Zhao Ziyang, the Chi- 
nese Premier, said China res- 
pected Italy's achievements in 
the international arena. “Italy 
has made active contributions 
in promoting European unity, 
relaxing wood tension, pursu- 
ing disarmamen t and in main- 
taining stability in the Medit- 
erranean,” Mr Zhao said. 

Signor Craxi described Mr 
Deng Xiaoping, aged 82, 
China's senior leader, as act- 

vdth energy”. He praised Mr 
Deng for China’s new “highly 
pragmatic and flexible ap- 
proach” to domestic and in- 
ternational issues. 

Rebel truce offer to Aquino 

Army suspicions + 
oyer 100-day lull 

From Keith Dalton, Maafo 

A 100-day ceasefire, the first conference shrouded in sec- ; 

• ever proposed ty Co mm u n ist recy. . , _ 

gucmHas, was received yes- He said Mis Aquinos re- 
terday by President Corazon cent threat to impose a dead- 
- Aquino's. Government with line on the peace talks did not 
■ cautious welcome, while the influence the stepped-up pace 
■ Phili ppines' military res- of the secret dialogue which 

ponded with suspicion. stoj 

The proposed truce, drawn the 
tip- by the Cbmminrisl-ted' the 

[for several weeks after 

tember 29 capture of 
eged leader of the 

National . Democratic Front Communist Party, Mr Rod- 

(NDF), was presented onSat- . olfo Salas. . 

milay as the rebels’ counter- A preliminary agreement on 

proposal to the Government’s safety and immunity guar- 
eariSrf. 3(Way unconditional anlees for the NDF pego- 
c^asefire. This was rejected by tiators is expected to be signed 
the . leftist coalition which shortly: • 
represents the outlawed Com- After excluding the military 

THunist Party and its nnlitary from the initial talks, the 
win g , the New People's Army. Government is expected to 
'The Government’s formal come under strong pressure to 
respcmseisexpo^eariytMs mdtide the Army in the 
week after President Aquino; formal ceasefire discussions, 
her .threennember negotiating Meanwhile, the Defence 

panel and defence and mili - Minister, Mr Juan Ponce 
taiy. officials study the truce Fwrifo. yesterday denounced 


terms.. as “a veiled blackmail 

.'“Ifs "a welcome devd- scheme" American reports 
opment,” the Cabinet Exec* alleging that he diverted for 
utive Secretary, Mr Joker personai.use US aid funds. 
Arrotyo, sakL v He said the allegation. 

Military officials initially widely reported in Manila 
.questional the wisdom of -a newspapers, was apparently 
100-day mice.' starting on intended to make him stop 
December 10 — International criticizing the Aquino Gov- 
Human Rights Day. - ernmem whitih last week won 

“It’s, too long. In that time -renewed pledges of support 
tfiey-'Can re-groap, re-equip from 'foe Reagan Ad minis - 


- Y. 

. • 4'* • 

... . 

yt-5. - ♦ • d 

reenrit,” one high-ranking, tration. 

officer said. 

1 shall not be silezteed or 

President Corazon Aquino greeting well-wishers after attending Mass at the gnratfin 
assassinated husband, Bemgnq, at a memorial park yesterday in hi a suburb of Manila. 

/Although foe Communists - intimidated by any designs to 
said five, “talking points”, prevent me from serving the 
which, prefaced the •■ trace ’ national interest,” Mr Enriie 
guidelines, were .not demands, ' said in a press statement 
they would form foe .baas- of-,. TheUS Justice Department 
the rebels’ proposal to be . . ips confinnetfthat Mr Enriie 
discussed before ot during the k being investigated but has • 

cessation of hostilities. , . 
Tbey indude the disarming 

refused to comment on US 
press repents that foe inves- 

With today’s 
criminals, it’s more 


of rivijian militia and ihflitaiy ' tigation revolves bis alleged 
units, alleged to be“notorious > diversion of US aid funds for 
violators of human - - - ■— 

the purchase in the late 1970s 

Much of Londons crime gives every appearance of having 
been committed by mindless morons. 

By contrast, some financial frauds are so complex, it takes 
some of our top brains months to unravel them. 

Whichever end of the scale we’re dealing with, a quick 
chase and an armlock isn’t always the solution. 

In our opinion, it’s infinitely better to be one step ahead 
of the criminal rather than a couple of paces behind. 

Brainpower or Manpower? 

These days, we place a lot more emphasis on intelligence 
and keen observation work. This applies just as much to 

lady who wants to throw both of you into the street below Even 
feeing a mugger with a knife requires a bit of quick thinking 
before you put your self-defence training to the. test 

Most people would say you’d have to be barmy to do it.. 

The reverse is nearer the truth. - 

A police officer’s job calls for someone with a lot of 
common sense and a very level head indeed 

Yon can’t be over-qualified. 

Academically, we’d prefer you to have around 5 good 
‘O’ levels. 

If you also have A levels or a degree, of course, so much 
thebetter - 

In this job though, those aren’t necessarily the only 
qualifications we’re looking for 

As well as plenty of common sense, you’ll need a strong 
sense of fair play, a genuine desire to help others, an agile mind, 
a fit body and in some situations, a well developed sense of 
humour wouldn't go amiss. 

What’s the reward? 

In the Met, you’ll have to do things others wouldn’t do for 
any amount of money. 

On the other hand, what could match the satisfaction of 
putting away a really nasty villain, helping to reduce the tensions 
in a multi-racial community or cheering-up a lost toddler with 
an ice-cream? 

If you go to the Police Slc&Cblfe.Bmm&itL ' " 
yatiV jkrtkeryour edtuaIfa'& 

and: foe confinement of local' of two San Francisco apait- 
pofifce units to purely law moils worth more than Si 
enforcement activities. *. miffiem (£700,000). 

Iff a n appa rent softening, of «Jngfc batik: At 20 
tbefr-'pzeyious .'stand-, the. gp em ll as and two soldiers 
rebefe .macfe iiospecific .de- were lrifled when government 
mantis for the disbandment of troops harfrwH by helicopter 
the entire 55,000-strong civil- gunships attacked a rebel 
ian Home Defence Force or camp in the southern Phil- 
foe withdrawal of government jppjnes, militar y headquarters 
troops from areas foe rebels saidin Manila yesterday (Reu- 
claim to control. ter reports). . . 

But these issues could be Seven soldiers were wound- 

taken: up* later, foe NDF . ed in a two-hour gun and 
negotiator, Mr Sfaur Ocampo, rocket battle in the jungles in 
told journalists at a press Lanao del Norte province. 

Bankruptcy the spur for Mrs Zhou 

Shenyang enjoys new 
industrial revolution 

From Robert Grieves Shenyang 

Communication and biformattim ® systems are now computer-based. 

the bobby on the beat as it does to the special units we have 
specifically formed for the task. 

Like the criminal fraternity, we’re always on the lookout 
for new ideas we can turn to our advantage. 

The Neighbourhood Watch Schemes that, are proving to 
be so successful are just one example. 

Micro-chip technology is another. 

A lot of routine investigation is now done by computer; 
tracing fingerprints, checking on stolen cars, cross-referencing 
information to find a common link — that sort of thing. 

The traffic in central London would be even more of a 
nightmare if it weren’t largely computer controlled. 

Our central Command and Control complex and the 
communication links with local police stations have all been 
computerised, too. 

In short, the Met is a very sophisticated machine. And it 
runs on brain power as much as manpower. 

Who needs brains on the beat? 

Now more than ever, you need a bit more under your * ‘ 
helmet than a neat haircut 

You might have to come between a wife-basher and his 
nearest and dearest 

You might be the first on the scene of a serious 

You might have to crawl onto a roof with a suicidal 

- In hard cash, the very least you’ll start on at 18 l A (our mini- 
mum age) is £9,648, including London allowances. 

If you’re a bit- more mature, you’ll be better equipped for 
the task. So over 22’s start on more. 

And for anyone with aspirations in that direction, a newly: 
promoted Chief Inspector earns a basic salary of. £18,783. 
On a par with any manager Ih other professions. 

You'll have to be at least 172 ems tall if you’re a roan, or 
162 ems for a woman. The Selection Board will see whether you 
5 - measure up or notilf you want any further information, pnone 
f (01 >725 .4492 (Ansaphohe 725 4575). ' 

Write to The Appointments Officer, Careers Informa-' 
g|L tion Centre, DepL MD623, New Scotland Yard, London 
Igp^ SYVl H DBG. Or visit us at our Careers Information Office ' 
Sif in Victoria Street. ■ 

I Cana’s new economic tbe- 
I ones artbdngpotto Attest in 
_ the northern city of Shenyang: 
| Rabat Grieves reports in the 
' first of two articles^ • 

| In late October, cold 
: weather begins its assault on 
| this heavily industrialized city 
v fa Uaemng province. Near foe 
| railway station, next to a 
j memorial cotamn topped by a 
■ small bronze Soriet tank, old 
\ men cany bandies of sticks, 
l peddlers beat small cymbals to 
bring customers from their 
homes and commuters bench 
| over bicydes as foey are 

1 laboratory 

[ Parti 

lashed by fierce winds from 
Inner Mongolia. . 

With a population of 2j6 
millioii, Shenyang ranks as 
the second largest city fa 
China's north-east, an area of 
three provinces — Liaoning, 

Jilin and He Uo Pg ji aBg — 
which were once better known 
as Manchuria. Today, the 
region is China's Rohr valley. . 

Although its history stret- 
ches back 2,006 years, Shen- 
yang first became industrial- 
ized after the Japanese 
occupied it in 1931. Alter the 
Soviet liberation at the end of 
the Second World War, foe 
locals began expanding exist- 
ing Japanese factories. 

Despite its industrial her- 
itage, practically nothing fa 
Shenyang’s narrow, dirty st- 
reets, Banked by dilapidated 
bride houses and rundown 
factories, hints at its tide as 
Chian's laboratory of eco- . 
uranic reform. 

Since August, a bond mar- 
ket, China's first, >wk thrived 
in foe dty and a Shenyang 
factory has been allowed to go 
bankrupt, foe first m foe 
People’s Republic. Since 1984, j 
about 130 nranSdpal factories 
nave been leased to individuals 
fa. an effort to .improve foe 
city’s industrial efficiency. 

Recently, Shenyang issued 
14 regulations, aimed at 
improving the investment di- 
mate for foreign busines sm e n , 
complementing 22 dmiht 
regulations that- -Peking had - 
issued for the entire nation.' 

- The toad market, located on .. ■ 
foe gronad : floor of a dingy, " 
seve&-storey. baildfag fa 223 ! 
Municipal Gorennent Road, . 
is - divided into -a bond o> V, 
ehahgeceiitreand a secondary 
market, according to Mr Qhan 

receive a yield of 9 percent per 

annam at the end of two years. 

Buyers of three other bonds 
mayopt for a yield of only % 
percent for foe right to take 
part la a lottery dud carries a 
top prize of fMMO yuan, down 
from 20,000 yuan when the 
market opened. 

Across town, fa foe Shen- 
yang Hardware Casting Fac- 
tory, foe factory's manager, 
Mrs Zhan Guiymg, aged 46, 
taftfpd aboot how her factory 
had been warned Oat k would 
be declared bankrupt if it 
not become mm efficient. 

Hie municipal practice of 
declaring inefficient factories 
bankrupt began fa Angnst, 
when foe Shenyang Anti- 
Expfosive Apparatus Factory 
was declared insolvent and its 
plant and machinery sold off. 

Twenty of its 71 employees 
wore allowed to retire on 
prishms, 20 were moved to- 
other businesses at their re- 
quest, one was accorded 
disability pay and the remain- 
ing 30 are looking for work. . 

Mrs Zhou’s plant was 
founded fa 1963 by sixr women 
from a peasants* conumme 
who, she said, utilized 'the. 
slogan “Save Ourselves by. 
Production”. By 1982, th- 
rough a combination of mis- 
management and po litical 
interference, by foe city, foe 
plant had ground to a halt, in 
the process accmmdatiiig de- 
bts of 229,000 yuan. 

Mrs Zbon, formerly a 
worker at the plant, . was 
named its manager. “We did 
not have enough money or 
enough products to selL” 

. Last yearj foe dty issued a 
yellow card warning, which 


JK NKOfffiAvfl 

foe Shenyang Investment 
Trust Company, which mas 

stated that if the factory did 
estate that could be sold fa the. 
event that it. went bast 
Own it should be dosed. 

!**! fattT -was to blame and 
could notraifamy head, 4 * Mrs 
Zhon wit ffitt the workers 
askedy, her eto st^y ,ea as 
direcjfar. She. agredLtto.con-. 
what ^had gooe . wrong, fad 
agreed-te work harder.''; “ * ; 

. They - did. Inst !yeu> the- 

f - 


^yi-ir ^*-\r*c-V 

vtt>a v NOVEMBER 3 1986_ 





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tssa Fibres 

Nigel Mansell and Nelson Piquet, drivers^ toe Canon 

wStaras-Honda Team are two raen^E 

Team ot Champions, developing "Rader fibre lor sports 

and leisurewear. 

O-V N.T — "■V*. V 





J nance which is only aroused by 

fro m c* oae ' s OWtt a 

game - 

Inevitably, BBCI hitched to- 
gether three bonrs of comedy 
dips to open its celebration of 
50 years of broadcast tele- 
vision. That’s Television Enter- 
tainment excluded drama, 
opera, dance, quiz shows and 
sport, each of which, except 
modern Test cricket, is 
thought to possess some 
entertainment value. 

Bot no, it was Hancock's 
armful of blood again, Mi- 
chad Crawford on skates, 
Parkinson beaten to the 
ground by Emu. Msch is 
worth watching yet again and 
those who missed the first 
showing were given die dunce 
to see at last Angela Rippon 
facing the music to dance, «nd 
Grace Jones (was it?) swiping 
at Russell Harty. 


Thongh a haphazard 
“Those You Have Loved 
format w0] do so long as you 
can recognize what you loved, 
the programme's lack of 
information about the early 
material was frustrating. The 
very first television announce- 
ment of all was shown being 
delivered by a certain Adde 
Dixon in the strangled vowels 
of the period from Elexender 
Pdace. Yet, since this was 
dearly a filmed record of the 
occasion, was the same true of 
Lnpino Lane doing his Lam- 
beth Walk on the stage of a 
theatre? In which case, why 
select it, or the ten-second 
fragment of an unfunny 
George Robey? Grade, Tessie, 
I don't know who they all were. 
One gabbling couple was 
identified only as “Freddie 
Schweitzer and stooge". 

The programme needed a 
nimble- witted septuagenarian 
technician to recall for ns what 
was done when the pre-war 
live audience declined to 

The Sunday PremOre was 
cast largely from septuagenar- 
ians. Past Caring (BBCI), 
written by Tom Clarke, was 
carefully directed by Richard 
Eyre with shots where pos- 
sible through reinforced glass 
and net curtains, evidently to 
emphasize barriers. Denholm 
Elliott played a youngish old 
man sexually admired by sev- 
eral Inmates of an old people's 
home as well as by the irritable 
warden (Connie Booth). The 
camera attended closely to 
several mating displays. 

Some shots were Rem- 
brandtesqne in the treatment 
of light falling upon white legs 
or a discarded dress, and the 
possibility of more of this 
coming into view held the 
attention even as the slender 
story petered out There was a 
sumptuous performance, how- 
ever, from the octogenarian 
Emlyn Williams as a crum- 
bling former valet, fearful of 
solitude but still trembling 
with merriment at die memory 
of boys he tumbled half a 
century before. 

only aroused by 
one’s own antecedents.” 

hat the eminent Ger- 
man musicologist 
Carl Dahlhaus said 
in 1961 on the occa- 
sion of the 150th 
anniversary of Liszt's birth hardly 
seems to be the case any longer 25 
years on. The central figure of 
Romantic music — which is what 
Liszt is increasingly being rec- 
ognized to be — has come a lot 
doser to many people today. Music 
is once again allowed to speak and 
to punt, to express and represent 
something, and no longer has to 
“be sufficient unto itself” (which it 
hardly ever has been, anyway). 
There had been, as a first stag: of a 
new approach to Liszt, the discov- 
ery of his late pieces which point 
forward into the modern age and 
liberate themselves radically from 
tonality and any familiar formal- 
expectations. Then followed the 
rehabilitation of the turn of the 
century (which had owed so much 
to Liszt). Finally, appreciation is 
reaching back to tbe time when 
virtuosity bordered on the bizarre, 
when Liszt was the most famous 
man in Europe and music at once 
more “absolute" and more literary 
than ever before. 

But Liszt’s own rehabilitation is 
by no means yet complete. There is 
still discussion as to whether he 
belong in the pantheon or in a 
collection of curiosities. “Thai berg 
has three quarters feeling and one 
quarter skill, Liszt, on the other 
hand, has three quarters skill and 
one quarter feeling”: this bon mot 
of Rossini was recently printed as 
the epigraph in a successful book 
on the pianoforte with the purpose 
of setting the reader against U-svt 
from the outset (Chopin and 
Schumann, however, thought very 
differently.) In the same book one 
stumbles across the opinion that 
“the passion in his playing (which 
is of a very cold kind) afreets his 
hearers”. The insinuation that 
Liszt's passion was of a very cold 
kind would certainly have dis- 
pleased his contemporaries. 

What stood, or stands, in the way 
of a better understanding of Liszt? 

First, there is the connection 
between envy and posthumous 
feme. Liszt aroused more envy, 
perhaps, than anybody else in 
musical history. His eariy Euro- 
pean success as a virtuoso and 
improviser reminds one of Mozart. 
His abilities as a pianist and as an 
“expressive genius" (Sch umann ) 
put even Chopin, Mendelssohn 
and Clara Schumann in their 
places. Wit and versatility, mas- 
culine beauty, the social eclat of the 
parvenu and a love-life hovering 
on the brink of scandal, taken in 
combination, proved to be very 
hard to forgive, particularly as 
there were none of tbe extenuating 
circumstances which tend to guar- 
antee geniuses a good name with 
posterity: Mozart's and Schubert’s 
early deaths, say, the legend of 
Mozart’s impoverishment, Schu- 

* jttS&LiV..-. • jjV _ ... 

Alfred Brendel, 
wbo brings his 
massive artistic 
prestige to the 

championing nt 

femons cartoon of 
“The Abb*” from 
Vanity Fair 


The reputation of Franz Liszt, who 
died one hundred years ago this ****** 

autumn, is still far from secure; here 
the eminent pianist Alfred Brendel 
seeks to break down some of the 
barriers to a greater understanding 
of the composer’s real stature 

The penalties 
of being a 
true celebrity 



kv „ . 

Jeremy Kingston 

ben’s syphilis, Beethoven’s deaf- 
ness, Chopin's consumption or 
Schumann’s madness. (In Wag- 
ner's case, his monstrous egotism 
and merciless promotion of his 
own ends, while not arousing 
sympathy, present a frame of mind 
people enjoy sharing.) 

Liszt and Haydn, the most often 
misunderstood of all the important 
musicians, for all their differences 
resemble one another is this, that 
their biographies offer too little 

sustenance to pity. (Haydn's in- 
sufferably bigoted wile and the 
senility of his last years are 
evidently too everyday to be an 
adequate penance.) In later life 
Haydn was tbe undisputed grand 
master of the musical world. The 
19th century punished him for that 
- just as it punished Liszt for his 
pre-eminence as a performer by 
disregarding his cninpn$itinn<C- 
Haydn was marked down as the 
good old classicist (which he was 
not), as the “friend of the family 
who is always welcome but has 
nothing new to say” (Schumann). 
Liszt was seen as a poseur and a 
charlatan and as the representative 
of an external, bombastic Roman- 
ticism (which he was only occa- 
sionally). Only in our.own century 
have a significant number of 
composers — from Richard Strauss 
and Ravel, through Busoni to 
Schoenberg, Bartok and Boulez — 
been willing to take Liszt seriously. 

With Liszt, listeners and per- 
formers have to be selective in 
areas where other great composers 
usually did the work themselves: 
the wheat has to be separated from 
the chaff! When much has been 
cast aside, there remains, at least in 
the piano music, a rich harvest of 
pieces whose scope, boldness and 
colour are unmatched. Creations 
such as the B minor Sonata, the 
Annies de P&erinage , the Vari- 
ations on Weinen. Klagen, Sorgen, 
Zagat, Mosonyi’s Grabgekit or 
part of the Etudes— to mention but 

a few— can stand betide the best of 

Chopin and fehnmann ■ 

Liszt’s music is very difficult to 
classify. Consequently in the end 
no nation claimed it for hs own — 
not even Hnngaiy, since he made 
tbe mkt akft of equating that 
country's folk-music with that of 
tbe gypsies. What Liszt offers is a 
panorama of styles rather than a 
“specialization in himself”. His 
powers of assimilation resembled 
those oftais beloved gypsies. To the 
serious-minded 19th century, this 
was something alien to its nature: 
only Stravinsky and Picasso were 
later “allowed" to carry on in a 
comparable way. 

iszl’s range extends from 
the most sumptuous to 
the ascetic, from the holy 
rto the ex ceedin gly pro- 
fane — and from careless- 
ness to mastery. For all those who 
regarded instrumental music as a 
Goman monopoly, his com- 
positions were shon on “ger- 
m an ness." Finally, 20th-century 
purism until recently only let 
original works pass and preferably 
those which contained no rhetoric, 
no apotheoses and no arpeggios. 
Arrangements are no longer 
unrespectable. But, had Liszt left 
nothing more than operatic para- 
phrases and Lied transcriptions 
behind him, he would by now be 
almost as forgotten as ThaJberg. 

“Unfortunately, with no other of 
our great composers is the effect so 
greatly dependent on foe render- 


iug... and so few players are 
realty-able to find their way into 
Liszt’s most personal and char- 
acteristic mode. Sometimes it is 
poetry that is lacking, sometimes 
intelligence, sometimes the wealth 
of feeling" (Lina Ramarm, Liszt- 
iana). List has to be protected' 
against those interpreters who 
would trivialize him *nrt those 
admirezs who would admire the 
trivialized result Though most of 
the important pianwiR of the 
second half of foe last century 
belonged to Liszt's circle of stu- 
dents at least for a time, there was 
never a convincing tradition of 
Liszt playing. This may have to do 
with the feet that after his virtuoso 
period Liszt scarcely ever appeared 
as the interpreter of his own work 
and never, came . forward as- 
propagandist for himself (He pre- 
ferred to help others, such- as 
Wagner.) His ^reat pianistic de-. 
mauds were frequently mistaken 
by othera for an end in themselves. 
But for Liszt, die much-maligned 
programme-musician, muse was 
essentially a poetic means of 
expression and the piano the object 
of transformation, whether into an 
orchestra or into the dements or 
spheres . . . 

Unlike Mozart's, for example,. 
Liszt’s music reflects the man with 
unusual directness — and not 
merely the composer himselfi for it 
also holds the minor up to the 
moral nature of its executant. 
Anyone who cannot tell sentimen- 

tality from true feeling, or false 
- pathos from the jgenuihe kind, wST 
nrin Liszt’s miitic, even , if be does 
not juin his own reputation. Any- 
one who does not play -Liszt with 
nobility passes sentence on tom- 
seff! An overwhelming mqjarityof 
observers bear , witness to the feet - 
that as both _man . and artist- Liszt 
had nobifity. ... 

There are modem efaroniden of 
piano-playing who describe Liszt’s 
virtuosity as '’show”. This is a 
hiimind^ 'X tanriTng T.tctt was the. 
first to leave the. sakm behind. To 
.the displeasure of many of Iris 
contemporaries, be democratized 
the concert, occasionally appearing 
in large halls before thousands. 
That demanded a different kind of 
projection m piano-playing, a sort 
of mass-suggestion which involved 
a physically freer .and more *4e?V'- 
monstratrve treatment of thelib-^ 
strument — and. In those days, 
sometimes -used up several grands 
in an evening. It was Liszt who 
created the “redtaT, a solo concert 
given by a single p er fo rm e r . This 
too has been held against , him as 

Legends and calumnies wound 
themselves around Liszt’s person- 
ality, as they did around Paga- 
nini’s. The feiryHStory of. his ■ 
aristocratic descent dissolves into 
smoke on doser inspection, as does 
the “authenticity” of his illegiri- - 
mate offspring. Liszt lived in. a - - 
social and literary environment 
peppered with romans-hiltf, in 

which lady writers played a major 
nrie. George Sand and the Count- 
ess of Agoeit squabbled over 
Balzac’s Beatrix, the countess sub- 
sequent]? gave free rein to her 
resentment in a novel called 
NeUda, published under tite name 
of Damd Stem, m which Liszt, in 
the guise of a painter, is a ccused of 
lying unable to produce works in a 
major format. A few years later 
Liszt once and for all refuted her 
with tiie writing of tbe B minor 

he summit of malicious- 
ness was finally readied 
in the books produced tty. 
that pathological con- ■ < 
fidence-trickster Olga 
Janina. It is typical tbar a writer * 
nice Ernest Newman should have 
taken her assertions seriously, be- 
cause they corresponded to his ■ 
conception of Liszt as a weakling. 
His book on Liszt did that mudi 
more damage in the Anglo-Saxon 
' worid .by coming from the pen of a 
Wagner expert who made constant .. 
refere n ce s to 'his ’own assumed - , 
objectivity. Newman’scaricature is 
founded in musical scepticism; . 

- . anyone to whom Liszt’s com- •• 
positions basically mean very little, -. 
who cannot see the music for all tte 
“virtuoso pieces Vis only too , 
willing to view List's personality 
from the point of view of musical .. 
mistrust. Hanslick was an excep- 
tion in so far as he never ceased to 
value Liszt as a person and 
' performer although he abominated .• 
his compositi ons. 

- .Of course, Liszt was not a sainL 
Still,' there isno composer I would .' 

- rather have meL His need to be 
admired, his brilliance, his mag- . 
netism were bebd in check by a . 
streak of sdflessneto and humifity. 
What other musician helped out so 
often and so generousfy, was so ; 
magnanimous _m granting recog- ’ 
ration, so willingly shared his gifts ‘ 
with others? Who else would have 
bomethe “bitterness of heart", the . 
disappointments, both personal - 
and artistic; of his later ydars with 
such impressive composure? Who 
ebewauJd have bad foe strength to • 
learn the lessons of the excesses of * 

! his : virtuoso period, to quit the \ 
concert platform and, in nis late 
works, to make amends for all the 
superfluous notes in - Ins past 
compositions by a spareness which . 
brings music to the very, edge of - 

The feet that even his renunci- 
ation of public concerts (except for 
charity) and his taking minor 
orders have been seen as sets of 
Lisztian self-dramatization in- 
dicates bowmuch — even today — 

we have to ask hu pardon for. After 
the rhapsodic exaggerations of his 
disciples and the biographical 
Thorwaldsen figure brought into 
the world by Lina Raman n and 
Caroline von Sayn-Wittgenstein, a 
critical backlash was inevitable. To 
dost a fair course between the' 
List of tiheftasfotiaphies and the 

. . hJ- ' 


s , 

v ‘ 


Ul ■ ** 


i <*• 

’ .. T- - 




papersTeqmres (fetailed knowledge 
and a lot of goodwill. But what 
needed above all is musical feir- 3 
was: a musical human refits * 
charter; if there was one, would > 
award every composer the basic * 
rigto to bejudaed by his best works v 
in then mast fitting performances. ? 
It remains to be seen uriietber the W 
Liszt year of 1986 will bring tits T- v 
goal one step nearer. - 

• This artide by Alfred Brendel, * 
originally published in the Neue ) 
Zibicher Zeaung , is the foreword 
to . a pictorial and documentary \ 
lnography oflim by Ernst Bursal 
(List Vertag, Munchcai). ' . ■ : - » 


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S o An& gotfed op with 
taken., far granted, 
draned a to kat, drained the 
▼odka, squatted on far. 
h wncfae . to wait tor (fa 
M§c,ani Coaled ^Nrwr lotT.ff 
**» BBC* Knariu Season, which 
*tofed yesterday, Bakes more pet- 

Paul Griffiths introduces the BBC’s Russian season 

hecaasefeLBUndfo needs tee 

Gak concerts have more of a 
reputation tor eternity than 
for entcmmment, but this 
Royal Philharmonic Society 
event, celebrating the “United 
Kingdom Presidency of the 
£ECT, held many fisriha- 
Sons- One conW speculate, tor 
instance, how much delicate 
ma^uvnnewem into select- 
ing toe music. 

There was Britten's fas 
Ilhirmriaiiom, catering neatly 
tor Preach and British in- 
terests, and Heather Harper to 
sing it - so the frisk vote was 
safe. The Italians would have 
been pleased fay hearing 
Berio's tongue-in-cheek (I 
think) orchestral variations on 
Boccherini's “Ritirata nofr 
tuma di Madrid”, and the feet 
that the original Boccherini 
celebrates Spanish military 
efficiency would study have 
gone down well m Iberian 
diplomatic rirdea. 

The Germans, of course, 
had the lion’s share; Beet 
boven’s Fourth Symphony, 
and Karagan's arrangement of 
the “Ode to Joy", which is 
mow. apparently the official 
“EEC Anthem”. This toe BBC 
Symphony, Orchestra deliv- 
ered with an. understandable 
lack' of conviction. One’s only 
regret was that the Life Guards 
tr u mpe te rs — who heralded: 

tee than pnbBdty. pspescst itv 
■eeds them h',®f*' create * 
purpose tor itself beyond fat' d 
deOTra^og the bmrs, afa perhaps it 
needs them too as a rfadw to 
p rod te s ^i m ag totin as. 

- In this case the cfa^ce of theme it 
epportnne^ Slowly wry skmfy . the 
Sonet —d e a l wkMw Ii mrim 
away firm StaQnbt rigldity wd 
teoreriag that toe peestSge of . toe 
USSR Is not totally uderadned if a 
tow araot-carde piece* ane aOotred ' 
to be beaitfta toe W*st But toera Is 
still wy little mask by Bring 
composers, other tfaajfa most 
artistically reactionary; fa fa heard 
on-record, ao that tUa lawn area oo 
Which toe BBC, by . promoting 
concerts and fawdcutiiig topes, 
can hdp shed tight 

To judge ftoai toe s che dul es, tire 
chance and the reaponsOffity fare 
been seized, and contemporary am- 

sit wffl be strongly featured. There wlatirely&» nn»ai fipao,into«thb 
are; iurritobly, some small signs of chamber and orchestral pieces fare 
toe p ressures tomtred jacoUaborat- been beard regalarty In tiri* country 

ingwito toe Soviet antoaritics. For sfawe toe early 1970s, afawiag us to 

internet Audrey Voifanky, sden ftmantmpreateofntoKStoiite, 
of toe nfafafly, whr beat * . ter tonk afty very gd ^^aqywtete 

IlcSS^sel* l?fa wiftatofat^^rmteLEvtnao, 

grata and, though we ar* bring the Russian mouth wfll provide an 
■pored THtoon KhrwfltgVa heavy-. ramsnal co n ce n tration «M> smsic, 
wrigbt cxpceasiMS of soriafist re- inrimte all tee ofUs quartets, to 
nfim, reon fas been fbraid to Ae falnoa&nrion i facc w lre Wofaes- 
qaite abysmal Mazy Qaeeft of Scots day afternoons, snd ether pieces in 
open by Seney StosMty, despite late evening concerts, 
the masting fee piece received what We shook!, at toe cm2 of ft, fa well 

it mu prevented at toe Edfefeargh prepared to toe British pr e gtifae of 
Festival a cwpk of nwfa ago. ' Ms That Symp hon y, to be given by 

Zteff tort to toe price to a wide toe BBCSO with Bustoa jazz 
dew of ABri.Sfafa and Sofia pl ay e r s in toe Festival HaS on 
Gu toMrifna, then it to a price worth December 17. 

paytog. Sbaiton may by nqw 


generation as Shnitoe {both are in 
their fifties) but, thor^fa she has 
been aedtotoed in Germany, her 
auric is so far much less known 
fare. The Radio 3 series will 
certainly change that, and toe 
prominence of far trades in the 

nrOBWnmeS m w o* * 1 ** n mmknwt v 

tot someone briSeres inhc^aiSI 
shall certainly be listening out on 
November 13 for her Fortunc-telUmg 
to gypsy singer and orchestra. 
There wOl be more forays into what 
ate has described as a “secret, 
hidden, even arcane" inner world fu 
other programmes, and again at the 
end of toe month at the Hudders- 
field FestivaL 

GnfaWnfina has not been chary of 
describing her made in terms of * 
specifically innate perception, and 

its privacy and intensity might 
evoke comparisons with toe great 
women poets Rnsna has produced in 
this century. POssfldy there is a 
wa>> r connection in toe *"««» of 
the rather younger Elena Firaova, 

feen^xc^fstais^whose words she 
sets in a work comaussfcmed by toe 
BBC to this season and induded in 
toe Nash Ensemble's broadcast 
concert on November 10. 

Of coarse, the Rnsrian Season 
inriodes a great deal other than 

contemporary music. The world h 

not ranch shaken, though, when 
Tchaikovsky or Prokofiev is This 
Week’s Composer, or when operas 
fa Rhnsfa-Kfltsakov are relayed, or 
even when a complete cyde of 
Shostakovich’s quartets b broad- 
cast This is the Russia we know, 
and toe Radio 3 we know. The 
Ugfast interest win be In aspects of 

Biwatian n roowil mlhm* rttw* had 

previously been “secret, hidden, 
even arcane”, Eke toe ringing of toe 
Glinka KapeBa beard in yesterday’s 
live broadcast; from Leningrad, or 
like the Easter liturgy of the Old 
BUhevers to be broadcast on Novem- 
ber 16, or like the music of tike new 
beUevera who are proving the 
continuing urgency of musical ex- 
pression m Russia fa die genera- 
tions after Shostakovich. 

Diane HiU reports on the return of two great 
septoageiwriaxi&to .the Paris theatre 


La Malson da lac 


Katharine Hi 
Henry Fonda’s 

’s- and 

- Written by Thompson 
when fa was under 30, the 
play is a sharply observed 
comment on ^old age, love and 
death. Wisely left in its orig- 
inal .American setting without 
accenting the dialogue, the 

Northern Ballet 
RNCM, Manchester 

toe Royal party's entrance cowara Mrnpny, m me isw 
into tte Guildhall— obviously. ™ fpte ‘raompson’b 

had nothing Greek or Brigfan r*? Gwaet Pond, have 

Edward Murphy, in the 1980 French adaptation opens on 
film of Ernest ThompsonY one of tire most attractive 

had nothing Greek or Bdgian 
in their fimtoe repertoire. 

Still, tins .was hagfadm 
musical tore for a Sunday 
lunchtime. Hie conductor, 
Inthar Zagrosek, favoured a 
vigorous, full sound in. 
Beethoven. The finate faked 
stem virtuosity, but tom was 
subtlety about the hushed 
preparation -- of . the first 
movement's recapitulation. 

left an almost untouchable 
hal o around toe roles. Only 
two septuagenarians with the 
charisma and talent of Edwfae 
Feudntre and Jean Marais 
could dare to introduce the 
piece, without fear of com- 
parison, to the french theatri- 
cri repertoire. ~ 

Pcm Quentin’s skilled but 
aninspumg adaptation and 
Rayxrtond Gferdme’s work- 

pieces of “real estate” to have 
graced the Parisian commer- 
cial stage for many a long 
season. Designed fa Hubert 
Monlonp, it is the lakeside 
summer residence of Lisa and 
Edward, whose love and total 
understanding of one another 
have left their- daughter Clau- 
dia on the outside of the 
family circle. 


; virtually eclipsing the rest: Edwige FenQlire and Jean Marais 

.iand some de&dbus clarinet | mmiiii» Knt fWwg fa Hh-ectibn 
^wc^mtimstowmovemenL { of the piece, howevo-, so alter 

fas Ubaminotions found the pace and bite of the action 
Heather Harper in fop form; titotiiere isrmcompBrispnip 

her grssp of the Britten vopal I be made. Instead of stepftog 
idiom is, these days, thontj into the ; vdHaafted shoes . 

This summer, however, dif- 
fers from the nearly five 
decades of summers that have 
gone before, in that Edward is 
about to celebrate his eightieth 
birthday. It is the catalyst 
which serves to throw into 

unchallenged. One could ixntf-1 fashioned fa Tbom^on. for 
erne a mote tortured neribr- I Hepburn and Fonda. Femllirr 

Feuilldxe brings to Lisa a 
moving tenderness, that ex- 
tends to the very fingertips, 
with every caress. Her intu- 
itive manipulation of the of 
ten fiabby text also helps to 
give the story-line a sense of 

one a more tortured perfor- Hepbum and Fonda. Feufllere 
but Harpers dignity and Marais me faced with a 

refiefhis questioning of life in « 

The love that passes be- 

suited this occasion. . pair of owy fireside sbppers, 
■» . which tiieyra^extlietesswear 

Richard Monisoa 

• tetionriu p with his tvrecn lira and Edward is all- eclipsed. Annick ffiancheteau, 

teghter. pervading, to the extent that ft however, manages to breathe 

Marais captures Edwartf $ washes away all other emo- life info the rather Sketchy 
self inflicted humiliation at turns. J6r6me admiraUy sue- character of the daughter, who 
horrwniwg old, and fleshes out ceeds in his stated desire to in middle age finally meets a 
the protective, caustic side of present toe: play aa'-a love- .. man she can love, 
the character, without destroy- story. To -'do this fa has.- This is toe third, time that 
mg the^imderiyixqi pathos that dothed the more serious Feuilfore and Marais have 
£ve& aedilwily to lisa’s reflection raised fa Ttou^ appeared on stage together, 
devotion to the old buzzard, son in a comfortable Parisian Ifa first, neariy half a century 

bourgeoisie which removes 
the day’s backbone and re- 
duces ft to tittle more than a 
romantic interlude for Frail- 
Kre and Marais. 

Such is toe magical presence 
of these two living legends of 
tire French theatre that the rest 
of toe cast are indeed virtually 
eclipsed. Annick Bhmcheteau, 
however, manny* to breathe 
life info the rather Sketchy 
character of the daughter, who 
in middle age finally meets a 

ago in Jean Cocteau's L'Aigle 
& deux tites, is already part of 
Bench theatrical history. In 
1980 they immortalized toe 
French adaption of Dear Liar, 
Jerome Kilty’s dramatization 
of toe correspondence be- 
tween George Bernard Shaw 
and Mis Patrick CampbelL 
Now, a still anestingly hand- 
some couple, they are again 

Only one week after the 
premi&re of their Swan Lake 
at Glyndebourne, the North- 
era Ballet Theatre had another 
two new works to show at the 
Royal Northern College on 
Friday, together with their 
home-town prcmi&e of An- 
cient Airs and Dances. This is 
the most substantial work in 
the programme, and Michael 
Corderos nicely varied chor- 
eography to the Respighi mu- 
sic shows off well the talents of 
the company. When he cre- 
ated it. Comer was regularly 
appearing with Northern Bal- 
let as guest, and last week’s 
new pieces are also fa com- 
pany members. 

Judging Distances is the 
first professional choreog- 
raphy by the dancer David 
Newaon. He has chosen an 
attractive piece of music. 
Debussy’s Petite Suite, and 
has it performed on two 
pianos at toe back of the stage. 
It is well played, too, by Brian 
Heldhouse and David Chap- 

some couple, iney are agam Norton’s designs 

toe chouchous of Parian a decorative feature of 

theatregoers, every- elderly ^ framing them within 

member of 'the .audience ; tm- canau^ with a tow of 
metoatriy identifying wito toe ^ 0 ^ i^ps like footlights 

ing rhe^mdertying pathos that 
gives credibility - to Lisa’s 
i devotion to the old buzzard. 

Femlfere and Marais have 
appeared on stage together. 
The first, nearty-half a century 

delightful Murphys; and the ^ giving an illusion of 
rest are saying -to tiremsdves looking out from foe stage into 

“That’s what I want to be tike, 
when fm old”. 


Barbican . 


[*: . .. . . . y almost oveMtorased stow 

Yun Ahropoviich seems to movement song. I Khali 

remember this performance, 

and one of toe wannest hearts 
in toe business. The minute 
the last note has sounded he is 
brfa'appfaDdiQg tfafatoestza, 
dutdnng toe leader’s band in 
a. seemm^y- infinite karate 

Festival Hall 

too, for the ttovious but 
powrtfid way ~ in which he 
alternately, drove then drew 
back the Finale's merriment 

S umming advertisements are carefully ' 
regulated, and must conform to many, veiy 

stringent rules. ^ -SSL £ 

If yOU WOUld like information about die rules ^ mTK ac out with his extremely slow tempi set for 
applying to slimmmgadvertisementsinte pre% 

on posters or in trte cinema, please write tor pur sponds wdl to this treatment- playing drives Haendd close 
booklet: -How toCodB - -d Advertising Racrioe 

Affects Slimming Advertisements.” has guest-conducted the Lon- exception of fleeting passages 

o don svmnhonv Orchestra bo- <rf nn mis t a ka h te draracter, a 

~ — — Atrffarifa' d fore, both here and on loor — 'nervous Performance _^wfth 

infinite karate The Tchaikovsky came as 
to let the soloist something of a surprise after 

jnn. The baton toefiisthalf MrAhronovitch 

acts as a bow with whidi be ft less at home in Beethoven, 
plays his orchestra like one Here, the baton- turned into 
ven to toe extent the metronome of a strangely 

Between the dedicated punters 
who sign np far the London 
orchestras’ subscription sea- 
sons, and the people who 
never go to concerts at all, ties 
a vast occasional public of 
considerable financ ial im- 
portance. It is this audience 
that the concert promoter 

obsessive taskmaster. I can- Raymond Gubbay pulls in 
hardly believe that Ida with unique and deadly acc- 

hoven’s Fifth Symphony, But 
it takes a certain sort of genius 
to place all these warhorses in 
the same concert, as happened 

What can one say about the 
performances? Since Mr Gob- 
bay’s solicitors are currently 
engaged in a robust correspon- 
dence wito another news- 
paper, over an article which 
rafted the subject of the 
quality and level of prepara- 
tion of the artists be engages, 
not a great deal perhaps. 

I hope the full punitive force 
of a writ wifl not be unleashed 
if I observe that Janies Judd's 

an auditorium. Her costumes 
of trim white shorts, white 
shoes and box-shaped tops for 
all toe cast complement toe 
sporting motif that underlies 
toe choreography. 

The dances for a small cast 
are lively and pleasant, with- 
out much evidence of any 
individual invention. Daniela 
Buson and Marcello Angetini, 
as toe central couple, deploy 
as easy charm but are hardly 

Jeremy Lestie-Spinks, who 
recently joined Northern Bal- 
let as assistant artistic director 
after a varied career, mostly 
abroad, ft the choreographer 
of Sealgair. He, too, chose 

Haendd was happy with toe 
extremely slow tempi set for 
toe first two movements of toe 
Violin Concerto. This sort of 
playing drives Haendd close 
to toe fingerboard and tensely 

% Affects Slimming Advertisements* 


T • WeYeheietoiwtitright. 

an d they rose to the dose music and listeners str et ch e d 
attention he lavished on the far too long on the rack. 

Opening of the Fourth Sym- 

ASA UA.Dept. G, Brook House.TOningipn Fftoe.lxn<fonWClE7HN. j phony, - and to hft supple. 

Hilary Finch 

uracy. For his pains, Gubbay 
has received rather snooty 
Press treatment Such snob- 
bery ft stupid; toe highbrow is 
as dependent upon the popu- 
list in toe music business as in, 
say, the ne w s pa per industry. 

True, his promotions do not 
exactly probe toe unknown. 
The essential oeuvres of toe 
Gubbay canon are items like 
Fingats Cave, Schubert’s 
“Unfinished"; Tchaikovsky’s 
First Piano Concerto, Beet- 

handling of toe Mttidefaohn f^S&S^Sl£ 
overture seemed short of 

the performance of the tween the bright, cheerful 
Unfinished" was charac- ^oreand hisg^myCelnc 
. - , u., «nch tale of a hunter seduced and 

“Unfinished" was charac- 
terized fa some rather garish 
dynamic bulges. In the 
Beethoven, however, the Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra 

destroyed by a seal assuming 
human form. 

He cheats by using elec- 

played with solid, if un- tronic effects before and after 
spectacular, professionalism; each movement to suggest 

and Howard Shelley’s solo wind and water.- Even so, he 
work in the Tchaikovsky con- reveals little of toe drama. It 

certo was considerably better looks tike a first sketch rather 
ihan that. Hft octaves were than a finished work, in spite 

satisfyingly full-toned; his of strong playing by Michel 
scherzo raced nimbly. Now fa Mesnier as the hunter and the 

must find a tittle more captivating sinuousness of 
“temperament" in the op- Sylvie Guiliaumin as toe seal 


. • _ /»_ 

h^part in toe success 
of your conferenfa. Only 

wn iwur fiotn London, 

of your conrere™** 
an hour from Lorakfo. 

Guernsey offersaurAjue 
Kfanrl nFEnSfold 8® 

Ofmiu — — 

b theContinent-inte 

food andetii^ C® 

arid as very air whfch ■ 
in h/*. both 

I ^DcpL 17 . Guernsey Confe«na~ 

1 an«aiPC»BQ5f2aW»t*Pod< j 
I Guernsey; CITSi 0481 2661L. I 






John Percival 


8 King Street, London SWLThl: 01-839 9060 

Tuesday 4 November at 1030 ajtn. and 2.30 pm. 
Wednesday 5 Nove mber at 10.30 ato. 

Thursday 6 November at 11 un. 

Thursday 6 November at Uaji- and 2^0 pm. 

Monday 3 November at 6.45 pm. 

• Schubert -Octet in FP803J 
Monday 10 November at 6.45 pm. 
Works by Lachnier, Mozart, Schubert, Lanner 
and the Strauss family 

Tickets £7.50- Enquiries and application forms for the 
series from Jonathan Price or Mrs Patricia Knights 

Christie's King Street will be open for viewing on 
Sundays from 2 pjblp 5 pan. 

Christie's South Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 p-m. 

Far further mfoimarion on the 11 sales this week# 
please telephone 01-581 7611 

Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. 

If you would like to know the name of your nearest 
representative please telephone Caroline Treffgame 
on 01-588 4424 

IF YOU GAVE to Live 
Aid, ran for Sport 
Aid, or contributed to 
any of the appeals for 
Africa during the last 
two years, you 
should know that 
famine relief alone 
cannot solve the 
problems of world 

We need effective aid 

needs of the poor first 
And we need 
international action to 
solve the debt crisis. 
Unless we improve the 
Terms of Trade in 
favour of poor 
countries, hunger and 
poverty will continue to 
increase and more 
famine will follow. 


Over the weekend of 
November 7-9 Oxfam 
will be exposing a 
scandal to the British 
public, and we need you 
to help us. 

Did you know that 




So while we ran, sang 
and appealed for money 
for African countries 
caught in the grip of 

famine, our govern- 
ments, our financial 
institutions and our 
banks were extracting 
debt payments from 
those same countries. 
By the end of the year 
these amounted to 
£5,000 million - exactly 
twice as much as the 
money the world gave in 
relief aid! 


On November 7,8, 
and 9 we’ll be Fasting 
For Change to raise 
urgently needed funds 
for our development 
work overseas. At the 
same time we will be 
saying to our 

• It’s time to end the 
scandal of the debt 

• It’s time for far 

• ft’s time for aid that 
PREVENTS hunger. 

• It’s time for us to 
become part of the 
solution instead of 
part of the problem. 

Please join us. We 
need you — your voice, 

compassion. Fu in the 
coupon now. Send off 
for your copy of Oxfam’s 
report Tor Richer For 
Poorsr’and ask for 
details of the Fast 



[Tsupport OXFAM'S thfid] 
I Hungry tor Change FAST i 

I ^jfli fast Please send my I 

i name to my local organiser, i 

1 221 enclose £2.50 lor my copy I 

i of Oxfam’s report. i 

| ^fcanrwtfastbutsendrne | 

f details of Hurgry for Change. . 
1 ^2 1 enclose a I 

, donation of £ , 


Send to: Oxfam, Room TM79, 
Freepost. Oxford OX2 7BR. 


NOV. 7 ! S : 9 

hgot FAST details last, comaayour 
jroa OXfAMcrgmser through yotx 
heat phone (favetofy 

Ox<am worfc with poor peopfe in (her 
struggle- gainst hunger, disease, 
gxptoflanon wd pewerty m Atnca. Asia. 

LMm-Amenca and tne MddleEaa 
through relied, development, research 
and public education 

’ .IJ 





An eagle in his element 


High on a cloud of 

political fervour, 

the Reagan air show 
is catching votes 

with the old message 

of raw patriotism. 

Christopher Thomas 

follows his forays 

among the faithful 

T here is an hour to go and 
thousands are war ming up 
for the Gipper, as they call 
the President here. A coun- 
try band plays a deafening 
- racket of patriotic songs, giant 
American flags sway from the sta- 
dium ceiling, 200 journalists fiddle 
with tape recorders, dozens of TV 
* crews clamber atop their scaffolding. 
Security men. White House staff. 
Secret Service agents, policemen and 
an army of party bureaucrats scurry 
about, chattering into two-way ra- 
dios above the dun of chanting and 
cheering. There is tension and 
excitement A fierce nationalism 
hangs heavy in the air. 

This feverish melee, later to he 
deluged under a 30-second blizzard 
of balloons and confetti for TV, is 
the stuff of Ronald Reagan on the 
stump. It is an identical performance 
twice a day, given in cities hundreds 
of miles apart - the same speech, the 
same ridiculous jokes and anecdotes, 
the same upbeat Reagan telling 
people that nobody locks America 
any more without paying a price. 

This immensely simple man con- 
nects so easily, so completely, with 
America’s complex character and its 
■ deepest needs. Those who mock and 
deride him have to admit that he is a 

"protest; followed by a noisy scuffle: 
A banner opposing Star Wars is tom > 
down and thousands roar then: 
approval. These are essentially, ral- 
lies of the Reagan. feithfiih ^Tbe 
absence of heckless is amzzmg. 
People come to watch their Presi- 
dent, and while his policies may hot 
necessarily be liked, he always is. 

The number of young people m 
every audience is" striking, jfytr 
Reagan never fells to addirss thezn 
" directly, flattering them asthe best 
. kids in the world, teffingthem fhatit 
. is the duty ofpeopfehls age to-hazad 
over “the . ' same- freedom ' and 
- opportunity ; that our parents - and 
grandparents banded over to us” 

' This optimisth, this hope a 
security in tomorrow,- flows from 
him. This is the spefl. He 
redefined the Presidettcy. He does 
’hot khow as much -as other presi- 
dents, be does hot work k>i 
he does net study details, he sepa- 
rates himself from any unpopular j 
policies. He" disavows the Wash- 
ington machine -and tells folk it’s ! 

. Opinions differ on the sanity of aA- 
French cinema idol who.^ reentry 
japed for attacMng an old woman 

great to 

View from the eyrie: Ronald 

n the campaign trai] you 
see the fantastic ceremo- 
nial madunem action. It 
is more of ajxtyal tour 
than a political debate, 
pageantry and par^ . rather than , 
enervating argument Remember the j 
great moments Mr- Rekgan shared; 
with the American people — the 
return of the Iran hostages, foe; 
Normandy commemoration, foe 
memorial rites for foe marines! 
bombed in Beirut, the mourning of] 
the Challenger crew. He hushed the 
controversies and stilled the 
Last week I watched thousands 
shouting “We tare you” in rallies 
from Colorado to Nevada to Wash- 
ington state: “I love you too,” he 

Back on the press plane, Larry 
Speakes has been speaking. It seems 
that Mr Reagan has been oven* 
whelmed by “the sheer beauty of: 
America’s heartland” that he has 
been observing from his eyrie. And 

maid Reagan (top) on board his campaign plane, “overwhelmed by the shew beauty of T *** suppo ^ y ^^“ toIpoe ^ 
heartland^ and (below), with Nancy/^^^uid eating with the peopfc! 01 “I 

“Hewouldnot be the actor te 
is he was wha t respect- ; 

able peojrfe call mad,” foe 
French film director "Benoit 
Jacquot said at foe height of 
; foe uproar over foe conduct 
of. Jean-Picrre L6aijd, better 
known to millions as, Antoine 
Doxnei - the shy, brooding, 
fotra-romanticchtoarter cre^ ■ 
ated by. Francois Truffaut at , 
.foe end of foe 1950s:in Les : 
400 Coups. L£aud,.foe eternal 
dreaming . adolescent now 
aged 42, had just been sent to 
jau afierattacking one of his 
hejghbourii -r a woman of 80 
— wfthapfo-ofgeraniuiiis.He . 
complained that foe made 
tod .much noise and was 
continually “spying” on him. ■ 

The' inddenLfo August, 
read like a scene from one of 
his films: It took five police- ■ 
men to bold him down. The 
judge sent him to the grim La 
Sante prison on the outskirts 
of Paris- for 11, days, and 
onJered that he be examined 
by psychiatrists. 

Suddenly, the papers were 
fiifl of stories of how Leand - 
constantly took heavy doses 

Truffeufs grey flannel trou- 
sers and pate-blue shitts. 

Truffaut'. described bis,* 
semt-afttobfograpfafcal char- v 
acter, Antoine DoincL as a 
synthesis faf jamsrif and 
L^aud, and it ftas beea sug- 
gested that l£aut has never 
really bees abtetof emerge 
from foe character whose 
adolescence, falling is love, 
marriage, dSverce, and faffing 
in love again, firfbi!owed%d 
interpreted in seven 
successive "films spuunhg 
two decades, before- Demel 
was “killed off” byTrttlfaul 
in Love On The Aim ml&fi). 

Ltend has^ : made, and 
continues to make/ other 
films for other <jfirccfois, r tus 
latest mayor rttebeingfn 
Jeaa-Luc Godard’s Qetectpves 
last year. He akohaSa aunor 
part in Benoit Jacquofs 
Corps etBiens. wtucfrl 
oomeout in Paris- But J 

ever foe role, one often ] 

one is meeting elements of - 
foe same brotidfog, nnpul~'£ 

craft - dmractarTS^' was 
Antoine Datad mid that still 

phenomenon, a man with a genius 

foe American occasion, plaj 
heavily on sentimentality 
American power. Without TV, none 
of it would work. It is packaged good 
news, pure political theatre, and foe 
old actor is the consummate 

He has toured 13 states in recent 
weeks to beef up support for foe mid- 
term elections tomorrow. It is his 
final fully-fledged election swing, his 
last hurrah. Everywhere he goes he 
appeals for a last vote for the Gipper 
(the name comes from his 1940 
portrayal of George Gipp, a talented 
Notre Dame football player, in the 
film Krone Rockne. All American). 
And always, thousands cheer. 

The Reagan roadshow moves 
about in Air Force One, accompa- 
nied by fighter planes, travelling 
through cleared air lanes. The char- 
tered press plane travels several 
minutes either ahead or behind, its 
occupants spoon-fed with handouts, 
speaking schedules, hotel reserva- 
tions and free-flowing booze. 

A Cl 30 transport plane carries Mr 
Reagan’s black bullet-proof limou- 
sine to foe airport ahead 'of time. 
Roads from foe airport are cleared as 
the presidential convoy thunders 
down the runway to foe rally venue, 
bailed closely by three chartered 
Greyhound buses full of the press 
and TV — foe vital umbilical coni 
that makes it all work. 

Nobody gets to ask foe President 
any questions. The issues are diffi- 
cult to discuss in detail because 
issues are less important than Mr 
Reagan’s photo opportunities. The 
best you get is Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, who tells 
journalists utterly inane things like: 
“The president really feels he’s 
getting his message across.” 

nd Mr Reagan is right 
The answer to foe puzzle 
of his immense popularity 
lies in his dignity, his 
being comfortable with 
himself and his Presidency. People 
remember how he handled being 
shot and getting cancer. On the 
campaign trail you fed this mysteri- 
ous communion with foe American 
people, manufactured as much of it 
assuredly is. 

He comes to the platform to foe 
accompaniment of stomping and 
cheering, music blaring from high 
school bands, the audience roused by 

6 Those who 
mock him have to 

flag-waving that is the hallmark of 
Reagan rallies. There is no Nixon 
twisting, no Carter gfoom,just a pure 
raw patriotism. America" took off the 
, „ . . . “lack me” sign he says. America is 

admit that he IS a is great, moral, right 

phenomenon, a 
man with a gemus 
for the American 'm****™***™*. 

may gaze on planets bom cf\ 
farther suns. 

I may greater glories and days see. 
“But today, dear earth, how I love 

thee . ” 

i ~. r. 

occasion 9 


gushing introductory speeches. 
Everything has been organized to the 
last detail and the precise minute by 
foe White House advance team. 
Television people can set their 
commercial breaks by him. 

The delivery is flawless, every 
word of it read. The press groans as 
“foe puppy joke” runs again. It goes 
thus: A boy is selling Democratic 
puppies. A few weeks later he is 
selling Republican puppies. How 
come the puppies changed? 
“Because,” says the boy “now their 
eyes are open.” 

The thousands roar in delight. 

Light on issues, the speech is 
heavy on imagery, sentiment and a 
heady nationalism. It is this intense 

. “If we must ask them to put their 
lives on foe line, then they deserve; 
the finest weapons and equipment 
money can buy. Because of our 
young men and women in uznfonn^ 
things really have changed around 
the world.” 

That’s the message they come to • 
hear. America foe Mighty to the 
rescue. Reagan is saying, in essence, 
that they can have back that im- 
mense influence and respect they 
had after the Second World War. No . 
nickle-and -dime dictator, he says, 
had better tangle with the United 
States of America. He points out that 
not one square indi of territory has 
been lost to communism in his six 
years at the White House. Grenada, 
he adds, to tumultuous cheers, has 
been set free: “Rea-gun, Rea-gun,” 
they chant 

In foe back of the vast stadium 
there is a plaintive little voice of 

Observed Mr Speakes: “That’s 
what the President thought looking 
at the country.” Question: ‘Will Mr 
Reagan change his speech later in the 
campaign?”- Answer; “That speech 
' has a lot of good lines in ft. It’s got to 
last until Saturday at least” Ques- 
tion: “Wbat - is -Reagan doing 
tonight?” Answer: “He plans to have 
dinner at his hotel suite and call h® 
room mate (Nanqr Reagan) who 
happens to be- in San. Fnmcfaco 

That is foe sort of drivel foe 
journalists must deal with. The 
Reagan imageconstanfry ovewhelms 
and conceals foe issues. The Demo- 
crats have faiW pathetically to hai« 
the farm crisis on . him or mobilize 
foe growing poor population against 
him. Opposition to Star Wars is soft 
and the Democrats could not stop 
him turning the failure in 
into a triumph. - 

The mood of Mr Reagan’s Presi- 
dency may -be. a phase, a passing 
phenomenon. Somebody said Amer- 
ica is having too good a time: 
Somebody else said foe cake is too 
rich. Mr Reagan, , by implication, 
gives foe. classic American response: 

The two ages of Leand: a* a moody adolescent in The 400 
Mows and after he was arrested, aged 42, for assault 


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Beware the suitable case 

An anaesthetist’s mistake dur- 
ing a tonsil operation left 
teenage bride Linda Thomas 
brain-damaged, wfaeelcbafr- 
boand and with a mental age of 
six: the anaesthetist and South 
Glamorgan Health Authority 
found themselves liable last 
year for a £679,000 damages 

In February, architects Nor- 
ma □ and Dawbarn of 
Gnfldford, Surrey, were held 
responsible far damages and 
interest tntalliiig more than £1 
milti ng over repairs to a 12- 
storey Mock which is part of 
Imperial College, Loudon. 
The claim was brought after a 
fall of tiles from outside the 

Examples Eke these have 
prompted a growing fear 
within the p®fess5i®@3 about' 
foe rise in damages awarded 
by the corals m cases of 

Many big firms of chartered 
accountants now face muhS- 
rotoinn pound or dollar neg- 
ligence suits. Sotiritors, ton, 
are starting to face big cfairas. 
One city form is said to have 
been involved recently is an 
out-of-court settlement 
amounting to £30 minion. 

And in the last decade there 
has been a rapid rise in 
medical negligence awards. Ia 
1970 a h r° child 

might have been awarded 
£20,000 to £40,000 in 
compensation. Today awards 
of £300.0000 to £650,000 are 
common. It is only a matter of 
time, doctors believe, before 
the first award of £1 nriUioa is 
made by an English court. 

As a result, the professions 
are meeting today to look at 
ways to limit their liability. 
Doctors have called far a oa- 
fs irit compensation scheme, 
where foe taxpayer effectively 
foots the damages bill, and 
lawyers and accountants are 
jng the Government to limit 
bylaw the damages courts can 

At the heart of tbefr concern 

Representatives of . jggggfr 

the professions meet 

today in an effort to 

limit negligence 

awards that conld 

lead to bankruptcy 

is tim rising cost of insurance 
cover. The profession? are now 
paying huge premiums far 
whatever indemnity insurance 
they can get. Large City firms 
of solicitors have found that 
this year they cannot obtain 
more than £40 milljon cover — 
at premiums of up to £JL4. 
mflfion — eves though they 
would like up to £75 minion. 

They are not alone. Bar- 
risters are faring demands far 
rises in insurance premiums of 
between' 50 and 500 per cent. 
'Surveyors, dril engineers and 
architects are in the same 
boat. Architects and City 
solicitors have set their own 
insurance schemes and from . 
next year the Law Society will 
run its own scheme far 

The American notion of 
automatically suing when 
wrong Is 

Neatly half the 
professional negligence cases 
to crane before foe courts since 
1950 have talma place ia the 
past five years: Doctors are 
starting to be more wary about 
non-essential and largely cos- 
metic operations because of 
the risk. 

Bernard Hargrove. QC 
in a recent notice to 
doctors from foe Medical De- 
fence Union: “Are foe corals 
and the lawyers being too 
dever by half to extending and 
increasing damag e s , safe in 
die (false) assumption that 
there is a bottomless bucket of 
insurance money available?” 

Hargrove also pointed out 
thatthree out of four dahaauts 
have legal eld, which enables 
them to think they have 
“nothing to lose”. Another 
factor is foe new rale whereby, 
instead of damages being paM 
as a lamp sura, foe plaintiff in 
some cases is allowed back far 
a “second bite”. 

The Government may have 
refused to estuarine limiting 
liability, but the issue will not 
go away. A 1980 committee of 
the professions under David 
Hint QC (now Mr Justice 
Hirst) raged unanimously that 
professions be allowed to limit 
theft liability except fa the 
case of death or personal 
injury, or foreondoct involving 
fraud or dishonesty. At the 
same time, it said, there 
should be fasraance up to a 

mavi mBni Knrifr «f IjaHTItt y . 

It Is time, fan Hunter QC 

says, that foe proposals are re*. 

aired. If not, there is a real risk 
that 1 rising damages will 
threaten foe atmafabaHy '-of 
Independent professional ad- 
vice. And there is a.'dariger.'he 
warns,. that the “brightest 
young men and women” wflT 
not enter professional practice, 
if the bankruptcy risk .as a 
result of a mafavactke'hwmdt 
“is out of afl proportion to foe 
financial rewards available”:. 

of tranquillizers; how, he had 
been seen dancing naked in . 
foe middle of foe courtyard 
near Montparnasse where he 
lives in- an artist’s studtaflat 
belonging to his mother; how 
be /would haunt Mont- 
parnasse cemetery, - some*. 
times ringing operatic airs at 
the top of his voice; or how he 
couJd be seen walking the 
streets dressed like a tramp, 
gesticulafotg wildly and talk-' 
ingto an imaginary public. 

Jean-Qaude Bristly, foe ao- 
tor-directOE, wrote an emo- 
tional open letter to Iiaud in 
Paris Match, pleading with 
him to come hack quickly to 
those who loved ; him. 
“Change flats,” he nrgedi “set 
up home fir away front all 
those graveyards. Choose a 
young, pretty neighbour and 
.send hex' flowers with words - 
chosen like stolen kisses. Go 
back to behm the young man 
with feet of wind raid seek 
love, foe absolute, friendship, 
and liberty once more. Re- 
discover the little boy who 
was asked by Francois. 
Trufl&ul during the re- 
hearsals for 400 Coups: ‘Are 
you sadf And who replied: 
‘No, I am very hajipy'." 
Brialy made ft sound simple. 

It has been suggested that ft 
was the death two years ago 
of Truffaut, Lcaud’s spiritual 
father and virtnal alter ego , 
which tipped him over the 
edge of reality and turned 
him into a depressive, aggres- - 
sive recluse. But Lfiaud’s " 
difficulties begm long before 
that In 1974, when he had 
just turned 30 and was still at 
the height of his acting career, 
there were reports of an 
atte m pted suicide. 

Like Truffaut he had a 
troubled childhood, being ex- 
pelled from no fewer than 12 
boarding schools and having 
terrible rows with his 
' dominating mother, a failed - 
actress. When, at the age of 14 
and with no previous acting 
experience, he "answered 
Truffaut’s advertisement for 
an adolescent to play the 
leading role in Les 400 Coups, 
he not only got the part but 
also moved info Truffaut’s 
home. He continued to live ; 
with the film director for ' 
several years, consciously 
meddling himself on his 
benefactor and mentor, even 
to the extent of adopting 

. is, or appears to be, Jean- 
Pierre Ltand. 

Is he mad? The writers at 
La Caupokv (foe. of- his 
favourite restaurants, do" not 
think, so. “We haven’t- seen 
him. since foe incident with 
. ;his neighbour,” - ope said. 
“But before that, be used to 
come in almost every day, 
sometimes with a girl, , but 
mostly alone. He would often 
sit fm half an hour or more, 
not saying anything, before 
suddenly breaking into- wild 

“One day he might ordei/ 
just a glass of wine, an<T‘ 
another day a lobster. He 
hardly ever had any money 
on him, so he relied on 
passing friends to pay. People 
say he’s violent, but I’ve 
never seen him aggressive. 

“He’s just got his head in 
the clouds. He’s like he is in 
his films, but. that's not 
madness for me. He's always 
been foe stune fira as long as I 
can remember, and-Fvebeen 
serving here for 20 years:” 
Some of Leaud’s. neigh- 
bours, however, do not show 
foe same indulgence, toward 
his foibles and excesses. “It 
was not the fust time he has 
attacked someone, or that the 
police have had to be called,” 1 
said one woman. “He regu- ' 
larly has violent outbursts of 
temper. He’s even attacked 
his own mother. • 

“Everyone in the courtyard 
is a bit frightened. He's not a 
particularly likeable charac- 
ter be never smiles or says 
’Bonjour’ to any of us, ami 
often he uses filthy lan g ua g e 
to certain people he feels 
particularly paranoid about” 
But another, younger 
neighbour professed to have a 
soft spot for him, despite the 
fact that she, tod, , has on 
occasion been foe object of 
his tantrums. “Most of the 
stories iold about him are 
true — haunting cemeteries, 
beating up bis girlfriend with 
a crucifix, breaking .windows, 
shouting and all that It's j 
nothing to do with Truffaut \ 
It started long before thaL 
“I don’t think he's crazy. 
He’s just totally emotionally 
u n b alan ced.- Bur- somewhere 
along foe line there's some- 
one bright,. lucid and pretty 
respecrable. Irt just that he’s 
got a problem wjfo. reality.” 


*« .* 

1 <, : 








Frances Gibb 


3 Coasecmetf) 

- 4 Tilled widow (7) - 
. 8 Spin (S) 

9 Withstand (7) 

38 Bright (8) . 

U Display (4) 

33 Ruin cmriKhrimw 

17. Tease 
18 Contact (8) 

21 Astniraiunff(7)- .. 

22 AnnaatfS) 

23-R»l{7J . 

Opt (5) 


1 Army servant {6) - 

2 live{5) .. 
'J;$u«le(8) ■ 

4 Staidly ^iepnwd 

5 Gem (4). 

_ 12 Worthy^) 

? VhriajrttambedfTj 14 Ttanfom 
.7-Ffflne (6f . v IS Respect (6) 

lfi Choose (6) 

.19: MnaBa dr e ttina fS) 
20 Father (4)" - 


r*— ** -'-V r '-r'/M> r ' •• 


r; ? m 

- - -“~X 

ff ^man embryo research: 

a testing time ahead 

Medical Research Co 

■I Cs' . 

.■A "■ 

• : . 


S hould scientists be al- 
lowed to experiment on 

human embryos or ^ 

should such research be 
KantiM as unethical? The _ 
controversy fanned fast 
by Enoch Powell's Unborn . 

Children (Protection) Bill 
looks set to flare op agam ■ 

laier this month, whcn MPs 

leam their places in ihetaBoi . 

for private members Bins. 

i Only ftc first six in the 

Hot wiD tew any 
lance of getting a Bill on the 

anitt book. But tteSocmty 

i- the Protection ofUnboro 
hildren (SPUQ, which, is 
xarheading the campaign 

ir a ban, dawns to have hnw 

p bet w een 60 and 80 MPs 
een to have a go a* 
sintrodneing Powell s Bill, 
/hich gained a majority ot 
57 to 82 at report stage 
cfore fatting victim to its 
opponents’ filibustering 
actics. . 

The feeling among BO’S is 
hat the Government will not 
introduce legislation on the 
sententious subject of em- 

tayo research before the gen- 
eral election. On a fiee vote, 
which the Govemmenttes 
promised to allow, the Powell 
action could prove large 
enough to block any attempt 
to legislate along the fanes tf 
the Wamock Report, which 
in 1984 recommended 
permitting research on em- 
bryos up to 14 days after 

As yet another row 
looms over these 
c ontroversial 
experiments, a new 
book looks at the 
medical, moral and 
religious issues 

equally polarized. The Ro- 
man Catholic Church op- 
poses any experimentauon 

on what ft regards as already a 

human being. But the Synod 
of the Church of England, by 
the narrowest of majorities, 
dffrntwri a motion calling for 
a ban. 

Public opinion, too, is di- 
vided. A National Opinion 
PoD survey Iasi year showed 
52 per cent approving oi 
research, 26 per cent against, 
and 22 per cent don’t knows. 
Even doctors and .soennstt 
do not present a united front. 
A group of anti-Warnock 
doctors, mainly clinicians 
rather than researchers, have 
set up a medical and saentnic 
advisory committee to advise 
pro-life MPs. 

While the Government 
dithers, embryo research, 
which is subject to no legal 
controls at the moment, us 
going on at 10 centres around 

Medical Research Council 
and the Royal College of 
Obstetricians a™ 

Gynaecologists. jo* 

authority lays down sinct 
guidelines m Une wih the 

Wamock recommendations, 
and will not approve research 
which involves c *° ni °% 
growing an embiyo bey<wm 
14 days, genetic modificanon 
of an embryo, or planting it in 
the uterus of an ammaL 

Some scientists believe 
that the issues have been 
clouded by the use of the 
word “embryo”,, with its 

suggestion of a tiny human 
being, to describe the earliest 
after fertilization of the 
egg by the sperm. Dr Anne 
McLaren, Director of the 
Medical Research Connors 
Mammalian Development 
Unit and a member of bom 
the VLA and the Wamock 
Committee, prefers the terra 

Dr McLaren is one of a 
group of scientists, doctors, 
lawyers, moral philosophers 
and theologians whose : debate 
on the issues were published 
last week under the uue 
Human Embryo Research: 
Yes or No?*. 

3A- " 

». . • 



• Theatre designers sound hkc BOOd 
sortTrake Bob — 

lady Sinead Cusadc «^^^ j^ 

isn’t see Lady Macbeth wearing one . C 
,y of those Jacotwm ; _ 

■'« dresses.” he fastens.. Tike as not, he - 

JS^his creation and starts again;. ^ 

sown when she played Kate in The .jj 


and absolute wront Owl^ BjPj* ; „ 

Dcseowc it- p 

costume for diis eases t 

OjsacfcwithapiHsyMipircStteeMra.. 1 

ofFaptimsoflandtudcsatanncd^t i 

A beneath hd, the better to make Itet^ 1 

h mmAniaMe. Today there s no ro* J 
^^ij^Macbeth.- the Big •■< 

signed up to do tins 

f ) JL .p. .,-fi ... jr never fer uom 

She tes already_^ltOTe 
SodToii the costume d^a fron^ 
thnueh: Tve told them Tm going to 

on sttg& Anywsyjw* 

- bSHSiS 

the oerception of Lady M 

as'oS’ ”** off-team. 

a rairVft ri witch - orjusta misunderstood 

ambitions tor her hus band^ 
qnpad Cnsack talks to Angel * wimes abouthet 
r»ip a < Shakespeare’s most i nfamous femge_ 

’ ,',_u ■ kwl th> imts to dO ft. 

^She’s no wideed witdij ’bnt rather a v 
S^otaSsri byte- tasbmd " 

(played by Jonathan ^°tes a 

jnnsv judgement and zilch toward . 

TO -v eril_ do« 


tan* have the .same manoeuvnr i 

betbs lost a child, which must be otto 
oftfcwmd a^mi^woecango 
■ through, and that sort of Iok turns 

obsessive about each other. Lady 
Macbeth wants even ^ fojr bg 
husband — I would never be as 
obsessive as tod- but Ac 
think tfings thr ough. You see her 

‘She misjudges 

her man 

\ complete ly 5 

. making wrong dhofew ®8»2 W ”4 
SSshe thinks she’ll be capote iof 
; Sng id cold Wood once afl.bCT 
; feminine, wring. 

l have been-taken away. But, come tne 
. crunch, she can’t do it. 

I “Shealromigudgesba:^®^ 

*■ ■ • n.tkmirclut'etnokHKL WUL 

women auuvm^w-*. t 

* Ideally, she would lave liked to 


Dublin, or being the 

blonde starlet in films 

/with Peter Sellers, she reckons she 

wouldn’t have had the guts to do tt. a 
^No, l couldn’t tewdone her at 20 fi 


She lai^is a lot and even finds it 
rattier amusing that, .leading lady or s 

no it is her husband Jeremy Irons 
whom the stagedoor S^arewar^ 
to see. “rve lived m Straitod. three 
times and this has ibeen W ^**3 
little preserve, to so 
Sa^3deivinkle s™- 

«• U tt^r 'disconoerting. tot I find it 

terriWy comicW ttmt 1 5 Uttle^s 

Siting outside the ^a^door to 
and not a mnrie « 

asking to my autf^rapk iLdo^t 
make me unhappy though- It tickles 

mv sense of humour. . - « ^ 

Kfirajing a lower profile has ns 
ad^Sl too. “I get incensed on 

JeretnyTbebalf because hesb«n so 

JSteiely categorize as 
He’s had a rough 

tough battle to prove hiugaEI have 
nomverted commasmnugd ®y name 

sol haven't got so to to mu. 

Anyway, she’s already confirm^ 
her two demons: beiiig a working . 

mother and acting 

feet, one probably hdped the other 
■ because having* baby, she says, made 
Sess intense almm hearing ^ so 
l it imoroved “I was committed to 
f 2teyl£infew Ctebetoe my»°| 
r ffi^wto’seightncw-wasb^I 
s went back m woik wh» te 
e months and it was really homWe. i 
kept thinking, ‘What ant I dou« up 
h tore day-acting when Sammysat 
l, home vShamuffly nose and needs 


to do you cope with the guilt and v £f ; 

£ SMd TOO “ 

she had a “Saul on the road to 
g^nascus" ,rith him. “I couldn’t play 
him to save my hfh- B^n^I 

regarded him as sacrosana, bea^e 1 

thought of him as a great poet, I 
thtn^t you couldn’t evrasmtie m 
As a iwult, Ithdoneof 
tttomoajoylessJul^m history at 
the Shaw, opposite Simon Ward. The 
critics slammed me into tire gromid 
fiom whence I thought I*d never 

re ^Su" I did Celia for the RSC and 

suddenly I discovered that not only 
Suffyou smile, butyou could joke, 

fraught with embarrassment for her^ 

‘She makes the 

wrong choices 
again and again 

though, because she's shy 
wS« she could attain the tedbadt 
. j i w>. iwr cmi Sara in 

^^d^you, and you want to 

Swediildren? The guilt win be with 
y °Sto^l^^ av& 8 0t t° griiw^ 11 

because she now has a sec ond son. 
Max, a year old. As to Shakespeare, 

and scratches ms no* ^ 

and generally treats the stage as it it s 

his It brings total reality and 

RSC by a attedoor— taking over roles 

in West Fnd runs of London Assurance 
directorate in this company had no 
respect to my work at alL 

“tot I burrowed away, until Td 
made an impression. It took an a wful 
™ of wort Bui I btotexmed than 
into thinking that I could do it and I 
have. Tm a hard woman - when l 
try,” she laughs. 

B ut a move to bring in a 
statutory ban on re- 
search would mean 
rejecting tirecentralrKom- 
mendanon of a government- 
appointed committee and 

afr-natme not only mott ot 
the scientific and medicd 
establishment tot also 
organizations for the hanth- 
capped and disabled, which 
regard embryo rerearch as a 
n^«5sary weaponm tire fight 
against genetic defects. 

Fedings ran high on the 
issue, which cuts a««» Pag 
lines. A Tory MP (P«a 
Thurnham) and a _ .Plaid 
Cymru MP (Dafydd Wigfey) 
\ad the pro-Wamock conon- 
gent in the Commons. Dur- 
the acrimomous debate 
tSePoweU Bill 
I who has lost two childrra 
I through a congenital umess, 

1 brake the arm of tne 
1 s^efs chair. Thurnham, 

I who has a severely bandir 
I rapped adopted son, says 
I S/Sto Enoch Powdl said 
I he’d bring in the Bill, mere 
I was an enormous amount oi 
I lobbying by pro-life gjups- 

I individual 

I petitions with 2,000 sig- 
I natures, which in many cases 
, I were more than then major- 
; I itiesiftheywoemMrg^ 

; I seats. The Pfto°ns were 

I usually along the lines of Are 

! I you against CTpermrents on 
e I human beingsT Thm was 
5 I when many MPs beemu e 
1 I committed to supporting this 
. I cause without themselves oe- 
s I ing aware of what was 

S I involved.” . . ' . 

11 I Religious opinion is 

the United Kingdom. Most of 

the work is geared to inrotqv- 

ing the low success rateror m- 

vitro fertilization (IVF), the 
test-tube baby technique. Sci- 
entists at Cambridge are usr 
ing embryos to study male 
infertility, and at Aberdeen i to 
try to develop a contraceptive 
vaccine. Researchers at Edm- 
burah University are study- 
ing the chromosomes of early 
embryos to see to what extent 
genetic abnormalities could 
be caused by incubation 

Most of the embryos used 
are spares left over from IVr, 
tho ugh some embryos are 
grown specifically to .re- 
search using eggs donated by 
women undergoing 


Though there are no legal 
restraints on experimentation 
with embryos, the irentres 
carrying out this work are 
licensed by a vol Hf¥y 
licensing authority (YLA). 
half laymen and ban sci- 
entists, set up in the wake of 
the Wamock Report by the 

O ne of the other 
contributors, the 
philosopher Professor 
Bernard Williams, points put 
that most of the moral objec- 
tions to embryo rese^h 
depend on the slippery 

not mean that the fint^p 
should not be taken. There 
is an alternative, which is to 
draw a line, and that is the 
method which Warnock 
recommended with regard to 
embryo experiment 

While research at the mo- 
ment is centred mainly on 
infertility rather than genetic 
defects, scientists fear that 
another Powell Bill could 
deny us the answers to ques- 
tions about early human 
development which as yet we 
hardly know enough to ask. 
“We have virtually no undo- 
standing of the very «uly 
events which occur in human 
i development” says to>fesror 
David WeatheralL Nuffield 
; Professor of Clinical Medi- 
. cine at Oxford and an 
i authority on inherited blood 
t diseases. 

i “Although we can look at 
i life and other animals, there s 
enough evidence now to 
. show that what happens in 
? the early development of a 
’ human may not be al l that 
* dosely related. I flunk if 

£ we’re going to understand 

^ some of the really fim- 

E damental and cnpplmg con- 

, genital malformations we ve 

fl got to have that 

° understanding.” 

“ Clare Dyer 

From Valerie Wilton, 


The pEght of 
(Wednesday P^ge, Octob» 
29) is both heartbreaking and 
hnrrifying- It is tart » 

believe, with the ndvanras 
science has nade fo to 

I1 W— V 1 ■ 

nia, that unr social stream* 

has faded to take into account 
the needs of those who suffer. 

What Knd of world are ire 
living in that sits hac k and 
offers a young gH 
options than the road to 


decline? Intelligent thought 
recognizes the value of 
prevention over care; surety 
this case is a prune ea«f® 
of oar need to use that 

From Mrs Muriel Ryle, 

Tyne and Wear. 

Mandating pateltas” can be 
rather attractive (Monday 
page, October 20). As anyone 
who has watched the Might- 

pnnwlWi — pn p wi tJA 

•The CTBA Foundation. Hu- 
man Embryo Resarch; Yes or 
No? (Tavistock Publications, 

fid progress of Carole Lom- 
bard across the black and 
white screen knows, there is a 
subtle appeal about being 
slightly kiwck-kneed. 

A more besetting and un- 
gainly problem tsday seems 
to be lO-minutes-to^ to®® 8 * 
Observe the ksees m tojgs 
and Dynasty flashing wfldiy 
to port and starboard from 
those high^lit skirte oi ’ wdk 
behind a be-jeaned 1980s 
[arty and discover you have a 
panoramic vista of the P®ve- 
Kot beyond ho. J“fly 
framed in a blue denim 



Saws to keep mum about 

' tw. k a strain of l 

/ ‘ 





best sherry i" 

Mothers are cryptic P®°P le ^ 
my own being no exception 
Before I went to a 
would- always say, Jjgjte 
voursd£ but don't reaBy", 
vriiich I never thought parnwr 
lady helpfiiL Howcver. read- 
ing some 

utterances radioed m ajbook 

call ed Mother Knows BaT, l 
can see tbat I was tacty to 
have been brought «P * 

I woman who was danty 
I personified. . . 

I pity the poor daughters who 
I had to work out what mother 
I meant by “You can’t puvow 

I time”; “reverse yoirr dreams^, 

I or “Tve got a bone m my - 
EvenunUy, I ^ 

I sent for foe men in white coats 

I to come and take mother away 
I somewhere nice and quiet. 

I I doubt if mothers stiDinsist 

I handketdiieC gloves and hat 
I about their Pftsoiv^thou^ 
1-ihey probably urge Ltar. 
I daughters to 

I tissues. I don't flunk mptbws 
I still blush for staffttj jjj 

I daughter wears a haJf-foP.^" 

I that old saw,, about always,, 
I and shabby nndertlothes .on 

I aUoccaatms dm^.vrt^.you 

ft might be tempted to M by foe 
I wayside. There is nofoing j*® 
I ihe fljou^ of yoiff fi^yed 
T vefiowinn : shoulder-strap to 

There is a strain of gram 
martyrdom rmuung through 

ttto book - “wh^ youtoj 

I have grey hair^ -J^ 1 ^ 
one hopes, is no lon^r a^ 
obligatory part of mother 
hood. Today’s mofoCTss^ty 
don’t think flat the end offoe 
world is * ft? rf 



keq> you on the.sinught and 

of upbringing have, 
changed rince most of t^ 
ravings in the book wet® 
SSwL Knowing that htfie 
girls are going nave tofittt 

Stott in the wicked wortt , it 
would be a and mother v*o 
would destroy ha tfau^s 
sclf^onfittence with. You re 
. . i___ vrarr nnats ... 

seifwuuusM'<* •••• — ; .. 

too bta for your boots - - - 
you're not tb® Ottiy pdfok on 
the- beach... when your 
head swells up, jan^am 
stops working” and, worst ot 

really used to sayi 
things, it is hardly surprising 
that high-achieving women 
are hard to find. . 

aaugmcii ~r -_ 

SeraWe or 

And jf their hair 

turning grey jn «. jg£ 

they can colour it Mjdm^ 
Auburn without their daugn- 

that modem 
mothers, leading scurncd dou- 
bfc Jives, still find ume to 
worry about the unlikely 
35* teans BPfojJ 
nose"— orthetnvml— do^J 
S with the bedspread on 
the bed” Whatever the age in 
which they teppen to live, 
mothers are maiveUous at 

Timeless Cotteclim oj M* 
tenud Wisdom and it makK 

“timely collection of W 
same. What sort ofadvice 
Sid mothere be ha^mg 
out now,. I 

. . iiafft if pp. n their 

out no w » .* tti; 
they should just 
mouths shul for most of the 
tim&Since nrofoertmod ts 
now such a devalued state 
whatever mother says nobody 
is going to listen to her 

Knows BeAbyMidirie 

§*^ <Ce ^ HulChW ^ \ 











A new row is coming along nicely 
at War on Want, where an internal 
audit is under way amid allega- 
tions that the director, George 
Galloway, has used charity funds 
to pursue an expensive lifestyle 
and his political career. Galloway, 
a prospective Labour candidate, 
claims he has transformed the 
charity's financial situation, 
comparing the £3 million now 
sitting in its bank with a £60,000 
overdraft he inherited on jou ' 
in November 1983. W o W 
ficials insist, however, that the 
£60,000 overdraft existed in the 
year 1982-83 and that it was their 
cost-cutring that brought the char- 
ity into the black the year Gallo- 
way arrived. As for today's 
£3 million reserve, only £950,000 
is its own cash; the rest comprises 
funds from the Overseas Develop- 
ment Agency, the EEC and other 
agencies passsing through W o W 
coffers but destined for specified 
projects. Galloway is mystified by 
his officers’ figures. “I'd better go 
up upstairs and have a word with 
them,” he tells me. 

• Meanwhile, the SDP secretary 
in Glasgow Hfllhead, where Gallo- 
way is standing against Roy 
Jenkins, lefts me that in the last 
three months he has received three 
War on Want leaflets, all featuring 
photographs of GaDoway. 


As Glasgow recovers from its 
Orange weekend, Celtic football- 
ers have been banned from mak- 
ing foe sign of the cross or kneeling 
after they have scored a goal. Such 
behaviour might be acceptable for 
Maradona and fellow Latins but 
Celtic manager David Hay feels 
that with his club's strong sectar- 
ian history — it was founded 100 
years ago by monks - it could 
whip up unnecessary passions. 

Man on the spot 

Imagine the scene: a top-selling 
writer with a bent for Tory politics 
and intrigue is harmlessly picnick- 
ing on a secluded island in foe 
Bahamas. From nowhere a light 
aircraft crashes before his eyes and 
out clamber two men who rudi off 
leaving behind $1 million in 
drugs- Our hero runs in pursuit. A 
James Bond-like chase ensues on a 
feny and the traffickers are 
caught, earning foe writer a pat on 
foe bade from foe local police. The 
latest Jeffrey Archer fentasy? Not 
quite: these are the just disclosed 
real-life adventures of trip spook- 
watcher Nigel West who, under 
his real name, Rupert Allason, is 
Conservative prospective par- 
liamentary candidate for Torbay. 


The new Egon Ronay guide, out 
today, nominates a Reader of the 
Year. He is American Maurice 
Taylor, who followed last year’s 
edition on a gastronomic tour of 
England as far as Thombury 
Castle hotel and restaurant, near 
Bristol To echo Victor Kiam, the 
razor man, he enjoyed his stay 
there so much that he bought the 
place for £1 million. 

0 A police pi 
learnt to his cost the meaning of a 
no-go area. Off to photgraph the 
scene of a crime in Brixtoo, he was 
set open by muggers and robbed of 
his cameras. 

Getting there 

After his frustrating rail trip - 
recounted here last week - Sir 
GeoTge Young, foe former envir- 
onment minister, will know what 
to do next time. I'm told that a 
conference organizer was kept 
waiting at Brighton station while 
his star speaker, housing minister 
John Patten, sat stranded in a 
train that had come to an 
inexplicable halt in the middle of 
nowhere. “You’d better do some- 
thing about that train," the or- 
ganizer told the stationm aster. 
“The transport minister’s on it.” 
Whether or not a result of foe ploy. 
R atten arrived almost on time. 


‘Now the Niue O’clock News, 
read tonight by John 
Hmnphrys and Norman Tebbft' 

Both ways 

It's not always foe left who put on 
foe firigh tenets to prevent poli- 
ticians from speaking at univer- 
sities. Warwick University Labour 
Club recently invited Lilly Fitz- 
simmons, a Sinn Fein councillor! 
to address a meeting. Halftray 
through her address, It received a 
phone call from someone claiming 
to represent a London-based Prot- 
estant organization; if Fitz- 
simmons spoke, the caller said,' 
foe union buildings would be 
blown up. The entire complex was 
evacuated. Let us hope that 
Kenneth Baker, whose new educa- 
tion bill is designed to guarantee 
foe safety of speakers on cam- 
puses, is investigating, 

Farewell to our sovereignty 

Anne Sofer 

For nearly 300 years our constitu- 
tional law has been based on the 
principle that Parliament was our 
supreme legislative authority. It 
alone could make, unmake or 
amend our laws. That sovereignty 
has now been ended. Its over- 
throw will be completed by Par- 
liament itself today when it passes 
the European Communities 
(Amendment) Bill 
On foe fees of it, the bill only 
adds (me more treaty to the Treaty 
of Rome. This new treaty is not 
appended to foe bilL You have to 
go to the Stationery Office to get it 
It will make you sit up. 

It is called the Single European 
Act. It has been signed by the 12 
member-states of foe EEC The 
opening words of the preamble say 
that its object is to “transform 
relations as a whole among their 
states into a European Union” 
and that they have “resolved to 
implement this European Union”. 

Every word was carefully cho- 
sen. “Transform'’ shows there is 
to be a fundamental change. 
“Single” shows that the states are 
to be no longer separate but one. 
“Act” shows that it is to be not a 
mere treaty but a legislative 

The preamble is followed by 23 
ages of dose print containing 
amendments to foe Treaty of 
Rome. They have been studied by 
a select committee of the House of 
Lords, which has reported: "The 
powers of the United Kingdom 
Parliament will be weakened by 
foe Single European Act The 
committee draw this important 
feet to foe special attention of the 

That warning alerted some 
peers. They saw danger ahead! At 
the committee stage on October 8 
they put down 53 amendments 
seeking to amend the Single 
European Act so as to preserve foe 
sovereignty of foe Queen in 
Parliament. The controversy 
ranged between traditional 
constitutionalists on one side and 
political realists on the other. 

I ranged myself on the side of 
foe constitutionalists. I told of the 
legal doctrine about treaties: “This 
Single European Act is only a 
treaty. It is not binding on 
Parliament Our law says that a 
treaty is an act of foe executive 
government It has no force in 
England except in so fro- as 
Ftniament makes it so. It is 
therefore open to Parliament to 
consider each one of foe pro- 
visions of foe Single European 
Act: and to affirm, alter, amend or 
reject any one of them as Par- 
liament thinks fit So we have put 
down 53 amendments to ensure 
the supremacy of Parliament” 

The political realists put for- 
ward their views in these words of 
Lord Gladwyn, with his un- 
rivalled experience in inter- 
national. affairs: “The formal 
adoption of any single one of these 
amendments would mean that the . 
whole treaty had in effect been 
repudiated by foe British Par- 
liament — repudiated, that is, in 
spite of the feet that it was 

Lord Denning has 

fought hard to 
challenge the bill by 
which Parliament will 
today abandon some 
of its powers to the 
EEC. Here he sets out 
his case, but accepts 
the inevitable 

believed by foegwernxnent to be 
in the interests of this country and 
that ft has been accepted by all our 
Community partners . . . 

“Since in practice it would be 
impossible to renegotiate this 
treaty in order to incorporate any 
of foe committee's amendments, 
obviously a very dangerous situa- 
tion would arise which . . . could 
well mean that our partners in the 
Community would go ahead with- 
out us, thus I suppose eventually 
necessitating our withdrawal from 
the Community itself . . . I simply 
cannot imagine that a majority of 
this chamber would wish to be 
responsible for such a tragedy.” 

The House accepted the views 
of the political realists. They 
rejected foe very first amendment 
by 176 to 52. The Times came out 
with foe headline, “Denning 
crushed on sovereignty." 

To my min d this result requires 
foe lawyers of today to re-examine 
our law about treaties; at any rate 
multinational treaties of this lrind. 
Once signed they are binding at 
once — every word of them as a 
solemn compact between sov- 
ereign states — subject only to a 
formal ratification of the treaty by 
Parliament, without any amend- 
ment Once formally ratified, they 
are binding upon each and every 
one of the member-states. No one 
of foe stales can reject any part of 
foe law contained in foe treaty or 
amend it in any way. 

‘Obscene 9 — but now 
an open door to 
German rubber dolls 

This is indeed a transformation. 
It creates a new legal order in 
international law; and also in our 
constitutional law. Parliamentary 
sovereignty has gone. It has been 
replaced by Community sov- 
ereignty. Take two recent de- 
cisions of foe European Court of 

The first was about rubber 
inflatable dolls. They had been 
manufactured and sold freely in 
West Germany. When they were 
imported Into Heathrow, customs 
officers condemned them as “in- 
decent or obscene” .and seized 
them. The European Conn held 
that foe section of our act govern- 
ing indecency and obscenity was 

no longer valid because it of- 
fended against foe fundamental 
principle of the Common Market 
that goods lawfully marketed in 
one member-state, must be al- 
lowed free entry into otherstates. 

The other was about retirement 
ages. The health authorities at 
Southampton retired women ax 
60, when they could get a state 
pension. But they did not retire 
men until 65 because men could 
get a state pension only at 65. But 
foe European Court declared this 
unlawful discrimin ation because 
it was contrary to a directive 
issued by the Council of Ministers 
at Brussels even though it had 
never been implemented by our 

So ws have to reckon with a new 
constitutional principle. Commu- 
nity law, as declared' by foe 
European Court, is superior over 
any act of our Parliament that is 
inconsistent with it. Our courts 
must follow its rulings: and our 
Par liam ent must enact whatever 
legislation is necessary to make 
our law conform. 

The impact of this new principle 
wifi be found in an important case 
now pending in the European 
Court. For many years now in 
Britain, newly-constructed houses 
and other items have been zero- 
rated for VAT. This was expressly 
approved by Parliament But foe 
EEC Commission has brought an 
action claiming that this zero- 
rating contravenes a directive of 
foe Council of Ministers. If this 
contention is upheld, it will dem- 
onstrate vividly the supremacy of 
Community law. 

Even our influence oyer Com- 
munity legislation receives a se- 
vere setback. Previously most 
derisions had to be unanimous. 
But now, in the Single European 
Act, they can be made by a 
“qualified majority”. Each mem- 
bar-state is afiotzed a quota of 
votes. The total for all the states is 
76. A majority of 54 carries the 
day. The United Kingdom has 
, only 10 votes. 

The select committee of the 
Lords fold how this would affect 
,our sovereignty: “Since foe 
United Kingdom Parliament ex- 
ercises no control over Commu- 
nity legislation other tbanforough. 
foe voice and vote of United 
Kingdom ministers in foe Council 
of Ministers, anyweakening of the 

power of United Kingdom min- 
isters is feh equally by the United 
Kingdom Parliament.” 

Coupled with this, the Single 

- European Act en a ble s the leg- 
islative institutions of the Com- 
munity to expand their areas of 

.lawmaking greatly by “tor- 
monizing” foe laws of member- 
states so as to make them uniform. 
The select committee reported: “It 
is already apparent from the 
preamble that the act’s intention is 
.to make the Qnmnunifr£s 
islative procedures mare cnee 

- This streamlining, if successful, 
will increase ... foe areas subject 
to Community law rather than 
national law.” 

All this has given rise to a fear 
that we were' getting near, to a 
Federation of Europe. But Lord 
Gladwyn again gives the answer: 

' “It has never . . . been a ques- 
. turn of oar joining a federation in 
the accepted sense' of the tarn, 
namely, a number of states which 
join together with a common 
parliament or congress; a presi- 
dent or prime minister in total 
charge of foe government; a 
federal army; a federal, po 
force; a common language; great 
central ministries, including a 
ministry of foreign affair s with 
common diplomatic -and con- 
sulate services; and a common 
judiciary with very extended pow- 
ers . . . Under such a system it is. 
indeed true that our anrfmt 
institutions would be endange 
and even the position of the 
Queen would become im- 

Accept defeat and 
give the Act 
our fullest support 

The Single European Act takes 
us, then, into a European union 
but not into a federation. It is a 
union which creates Community 
institutions and gives those in- 
stitutions considerable legislative, 
executive and judicial powers that 
take precedence over those of the 
member-states but otherwise 
leave their sovereignty intact 

So the debate is over. The 
political realists have won. The 
Single European Act ushers in a 
new constitution for Europe. It is 
to be launched at Strasbourg next 
month by Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
accompanied by Sir Geoffrey 
Howe in his capacity as president 
of the Council of Ministers. 

Gone are tike battles that have 
divided us in the past as each 
strove for the mastery. Gone is foe 
concept of national sovereignty — 
to be replaced by European unity. 
The bells are sounding, “Ring out 
foe okL ring in the new.” . 

■It is the beginning of an epoch. 
■It is a vision come true. For 

- 1 would therefore now for 
myself sayrLet us forget the issues' 
that -divided us. Letusgive the 
Single European Act our whole- 
hearted support.' • 

(g Hw— Hwmpapm, 1—t. •' 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

There are four morals in the story 
I shall tell today, and there is 
much matter for wonder, hilarity 
and relish in all of them. 

A few days ago, Mr Rowan 
Atkinson, foe comedian, returned 
from foe United States with a flea 
in his ear, though the way be 
carried on you would have 
thought it was a Boring 747. He 
had gone to take Broadway by 
storm with his one-man show, but 
the only sound like founder was 
caused by the customers making 
for foe exits, and the last night 
followed bard upon foe first. 

The first moral is to be found in 
Mr Atkinson's response to his 
failure. The incisive satirist, 
scourge of folly, pompority and 
other safe targets, might have been 
expected to turn the occasion to 
advantage with a rueful quip, an 
epigram, a Wildean witticism. Far 
from it; he squealed like an entire 
murtnuration of stuck pigs, and 
his heart-rending cries of“We wuz 
robbed!” set ringing every welkin 
for miles around. His complaint 
was that Mr Frank Rich, cite 
theatre critic of the New York 
Times, had not — how shall I put it 
without giving fresh offence? — 
had not found Mr Atkinson as 
funny as Mr Atkinson thought he 
should. That would have been bad 
enough on its own, but. as those 
who know New York are aware, 
the NYT critic is in an extra- 
ordinary position; if he turns his 
thumb down on a play, it is virt- 
ually certain to fail , and manage- 
ments rarely bother to wait for it 
to do so, often posting the notice 
of closure within hours of the 
unfavourable review appearing. 
(This has nothing to do with foe 
identity of the critic; whoever is in 
foe chair at the NYT has the same 
effect. Mr dive Barnes, who sal in 
that chair for many years, once 
said that if a Barbary ape were 
appointed to the post its bad 
notices would be equally lethal) 
Anyway, Mr Rich turned his 
thumb down, Mr Atkinson's show 
closed, Mr Atkinson came home 
in a filthy temper, and the first 
moral can now be stated: those 
who direct laughter at others 
should learn also to laugh at 

The second moral concerns foe 
phenomenon just mentioned: the 
astonishing docility, which be- 
tokens an almost incredibly deep 
lack of se If-con fidence, of New 
York theatregoers. If foe NYTsays 
no, they flee; it never occurs to 
them to trust their own judgment. 
That, of course, explains why most 
of New York’s theatre is terrible, 
and why there is so little of it; foe 
last time I was there there was 
nothing on Broadway but musi- 
cals that tod been running for five 
years, British imports, and plays 
about Aids. 

The second moral then, is 
obvious. In the greatest dry of a 
land of individualists, foe play- 
fifvrx are a herd of conformists 


When a comic 
is flushed 
with failure... 

terrified to step a yard outside foe 
safe pentade of fashion. 

The third moral is to be found 
embedded, almost unnoticed, in 
Mr Rich's adverse review, foe 
burden ofhis complaint bring that 
Mr Atkinson was excessively reli- 
ant on lavatory jokes. The jokes in 
question figure in the fourth 
moral bat the point at issue in the 
third is the expression used by Mr 
Rich to explain what he was 
talking about it was that en- 
feebled, twee, babytalk, Noddy- 
word “toilet”, and it was a mercy 
that he didn't call it “The little 
boys’ room", “Where the guys 
go”, “Hombres”, "Bathroom” or 
“Comfort station”, every one of 
which I have seen in Coytown-on- 

This third moral is a particu- 
larly interesting one; why are 
Americans, and particularly 
American newspapers, so minc- 
ingly given to euphemism, so 
terrified of saying what they mean 
in words most easily understood 
by those to whom they are 
directed? It is only very recently 
that American newspapers have 
begun to print the words “rape” 
and “cancer”; before that, even 
though the context made ab- 
solutely dear that that was what 
they were talking about, foe 
readers were not in any dneum- 
stances to have foe word set before 
them. (To this day, American 
reproductions of foe Zodiac 
invariably print “Crab” for 
“Cancer”, even when the other 
eleven signs are given in the 
Latin.) I am not advocating 
wholesale effing and blinding in 
mint at foe breakfast table; though 

I have never thought that such 

circumlocutions as “f ” or 

“f * * * "weremuchofan improve- 
ment on the original, but is it 
really true that three million New 
Yorkers would drop dead from 
shock if they saw foe word 
“lavatory” in the NYT? And if 
they would not, why does the 
newspaper continue to behave as 
though they would?- There’s a 
moral in it somewhere. 

But it is foe fourth quarter of 
.this story that has foe most 
substance, and provides foe most 
substantial moral Mr Rich’s re- 
view pointed out, forcibly and 
correctly, that British comedians 
are excessively given to the hu- 
mour of the lavatory; the topless 
Mr Atkinson is by no means 
exceptional in this regard. Nor Is 
Mr Rich; Johnny Carson was once 
asked why, although he tod many 
British visitors on bis progr am me, 
and many comedians, he never 
tod any British comedians. He 
replied, tersely, in words to the 
effect that foe only subject duty 
were willing to talk about was thetr 
natural functions. 

And the charge is true; foe 
“stand-up comic” in this country 
relies to an astounding extent on 
such th em es, to the well-justified 
of Amen* 

amazement and ■ 
cans, and indeed of foe rest of the 
world. (The French, much freer 
with Sudh language than most, USe 
“Merde” as an expletive in social 
circles and contexts where its 
translation would not be counte- 
nanced in Britain, Germany or 
Italy; but it is not foe foundation 
of their public humour.) 

Nor are these usages confined to 

foe more demotic part of foe 
spectrum, though I did once 
' switch on the television to find 
myself watching a comedian 
called Bernard Manning, an 
experience so memorably revolt- 
ing that I invested thousands of 
pounds in a computer system 
which now ensures that if he- is 
performing when I switch on, the 
set shows nothing but Ceefax until 
he has finished. But Mr Auberon 
Waugh, whose social gentility is 
beyond question, discovered lava- 
tories at the age of about 40 
(leading paediatricians whom I 
have consulted are unanimous in 
asserting that the discovery is 
normally made much earlier), and 
for several years thereafter could 
hardly write anything without 
alluding to the subject. (And Mr 
Atkinson, if it comes to that, went 
to a good university.) 

I think tins is an English disease 
rather more than a British one; the 
Scots and Welsh, and the Irish, 
mine different seams .for their 
humour. But the question that is ■ 
so difficult to answer is, of course, 
why? There are Freudian explana- 
tions, but they only shift the 
question back one space; if the 
English sense of humour is, lit- 
erally, infantile, why is it? And no 
one can deny that, such humour is 
widely popular, foe existence of so 
many comedians who rely on it 
demonstrates that supply and 
demand are at work. 

The fourth moral then, is the 
one which cannot be identified, at 
least by me. The effect of it, 
however, can be ganged, rather 
like foe effects of a new planet the 
existence of which can only be 
deduced from the irregularities it 
causes in the orbit of the known 
ones; English comedians will nev- 
er succeed in America, whether 
they faD foul of foe New Yak 
Times critic or. not. Mr Atkinson 
found that out the hard way, but 
will no doubt survive his dis- 
appointment; those who are. not 
invited to perform there will never 
know what they have missed; New 
York Times, please copy; spelling 
“lavatory” 1— — , of course. " 

TkDM Newspaper*, IBM. 


Some months ago I developed the 
theory that a campaign was afoot 
to isolate London. Everybody, 
everywhere, already knew that 
London was crazy. Its traffic jams 
and its .police force, its house 
prices and: its squalid underworid 
were already known to be biz- 
arrely different. But now all those 
in dbihgie — foe politicians and foe 
unions in particular — were pre- 
sented as Javing lost their senses 

This message was coming not 
only from the Tory establishment 
which, after abolishing the GLC, 
had nothing: to lose front 
rubbishing London, but — more 
discreetly,, perhaps — from the 
Labour establishment as weft. In 
effect, tie Labour leadership, 
while not officially disassociating 
itself from, the ' quin lessen tially 
loony-London activities of the 
ILEA and the Brent and Haringey 
local councils, is letting it be 
-known that it intends to keep its 
distance. This does not represent a 
“split” in foe Labour Party so 
much as foe sort of sensible 
precaution anyone would take in 
the face of an associate who 
appeared, unfortunately, to be 
going off his head. ■ 
Independent voices added to. 
foe new anti-London consensus. 
The Audit Commission tut-tutted 
about the ■ rniwnanpgMTi enl and 
unsatisfactory service of many 
London councils and the practice 
of . political appointments. 
Vaguely - left' but non- 
Sfiated or ganizati ons pointed 
out that generalizations based on 
London — about, say, comprehen- 
sive schools — were unfair and 
misleading The serious left-lean- 
ing fness voiced its concern. First 
New Society, and then a few weeks 
later The Nov Statesman, drew . 
attention to the collapse of 
credibility and common sense in 
some Lomfon councils and the 
damage this was doing to progress 
rive causes generally. 

The term “orchestration” is 
sometimes used of this process. It' 
is misleading, at least in this ~ 
instance, in that it implies that all 
participants intended to play from 
foe same score: It just happened 
that it suited everybody, for their 
different reasons, to be playing the 
same tune at the same time. The 
total effect wasa hugely amplified 
chorus of indignation — all of it 
ally contradicting foe chores of 
two years ago of “Well, when you 
really get down to analysing it, 
Ken ana the left have' done some 
good things far London after all” 
(But that was a chorus that ivas 
orchestrated, brilliantly.) 

So, as I say, I could see London 
being isolated, and the downward > 
spiral of its- misery continuing^ 
with' nafoer'tiie rational leaders 
of foe IAbour Party, nor those of 
foe public sector unions whose 
members are running amok, pre- 
pared to come in and help sort out 
the mess. Far easier, for them, to 
play Pilate; white the -Conser- 
vatives, of course^ would be only 
too happy to Let socialist nature 
run its course. The tone of foe 
populist denunciations at foe 
Conservative party conference 
was wholly predictable. 

However, I underestimated the 

scale midsize of the Conservative 
. target. .It was. not only London 
local government which came 
-under a track, but local govern-; - 
in cm perse, the “town halls” were 
henceforth to be the enemy. ' ■ 

A few years ago this would have -i 
been unthinkable. Michael Hes- o 
el tine, Patrick Jenkin and Tom - 
King all in their cum repeated the 
required catch-phrases about .r 
partnership add local democracy. 'S 
Conservative councillors were still 
treated with the superficial courts- ft 
aes at least There are, of course, - 
considerably fewer of them now - 
titan there were. There is also a 
growing impatience among na- •> 

- tional Conservative figures with s 
■ what is seen as their pretensions- ^ 
and their whingeing — and ajppar- " 
ent inability to mike the grand ■■ 
efficiency savings foe government ~ 
expects. A decision seems to have 

that this government Das any 
■' interest at aD in maintaining the 
good health of local government. 

- But what bas taken me aback is 
the deafening silence .of the re- 
action. Where are local govern- 
ment’s friends? When one thinks 
of all the battles of the last seven 
years — over the new rate support 
. grant system, rate-capping, the 
mansion of the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission into education, 
the imposition of corporation 
status on Docklands; when one 
adds up all the millions of pounds 
spent on campaigns defending 
local government; when one re- 
flects, indeed, on the most recent 
poll evidence (by MORI for foe 
Audit Commission) confirming 
tint, outside Inner London, foe 

- public is generally well satisfied 
with local government services, 
one wonders why there is not a' 
national shout of outrage at the 
new brutal centralism. 

Instead, - Kenneth Baker has 
lobbed two mcendiaiy devices 
into foe very stronghold of local 
govteument itself — education — 
and is met with only the most 
ragged and half-hearted answering 
fire. Two years ago ah Education 
Secretary- talking about city tech- 
nology colleges and an imposed 
settlement of foe teachers* pay 
dispute would not have got out of 
Elizabeth House alive. .. 

. Why this collapse of resistance? v 
There are, I believe, force reasons. , 
The first and most obvious is 
simple exhaustion. The second isa - L ” 
creeping rottenness at the core of * 
local government. I was wrong to - 
think that foe practice of political *- 
patronage and intimidation of : i 
career officials was confined.. to- ;. 
London. Many .of the big rities_ , 
and metropolitan boroughs are - -, 
infected as wdL Senior admin- _ “ 
;istrators~:and professionals " no ; 
longer have the Iteart to defend the - 
status quo. . "J 

- But foe third reason is the most 
in teresting that the Labour Party, * 
hoping for power after the next 
election, is happy to have the A * 
system as centralized as possible. : 
by the time it takes over. There 
should be a standard paragraph intfft 
all Cabinet documents: “How this*^* 
new pro virion could be used by a' :s 
Labour government” Is foere? -« 
The author is a member of the SDP A 
national committee. 

t. €■:- 


moreover ... Miles Kington 

Q. Wellhow did the -first week.of 
foe . Big Bang go? 

A. Oh, just as wdl as we expected. 
Q. Radiy? I heard it tod been a 
nop and a disaster. . 

A. That’s pretty wefl what we 
expected. But ofcotirse you've got 
to expect teething troubles when a 
new system is introduced. 

Q. Why? 

A- Why? I don’t know why. It’s 
one of those things foal PR men 

Q. Not everyone has' teething 
troubles — new aeroplanes don’t 
crash-a lot in their first week out. 
New books don't sell badly in their 
first week. New motorways don't 
dose down immediately . . . 

A. All right, all right. I'll rephrase 
if Things went badly. 

Q. So badly, I hear, that stock- 
brokers were seen openly beating 
and punching their VDUs in 
frustration. What can you do 
about that? 

A. A lot! We’re rushing out a new 
breed, of VDU that can hit bade. 
Every time a broker hits one of 
these new VDUs — pow! He gets a 
punch back right in the nose. And 
boy, can these VDUs fight! 
They’ve got stamina, they’ve got 
footwork- .and they’ve got that 
indefinable something that makes ■ 
them a champion. I wouldn't pick 
afight with one of these bexsos, no 

Hello there! Are you one of the two 
million lucky people who have 
appeared in a British Gas 
rtisement? One of those or- 
dinary people who can make a 


to feature everyone 
riiainf After all, you're 


amain: After au. you re paying 
£20 million for these stupiaads, so 
you might as well appear in them. 

unk about it. You know it 
doesn't make sense. 

Q. What was all that about? 

A. That was a commercial break: 
There question and answer 
routines cost money; you know. 
We're selling advertising space in 
them now. I’d get cracking before 
the next one. comes along. 

Q. What tnd of troubles did you 
have in the first week.of Big Bang? 
A. Wefl, I'll gjye yoiLan. example 

from my own experience. On day ■ 
two I tried to buy 10,000 shares in -jj 
Grand Interpol via foe-system. - 
Q. And what happened? “ . ' . * 

A. I found I tod bought a four- ^ 
week package holiday in Bulgaria, - 
• in January. The computer tod got "*• 
linked to a travel agent- " v? 

Q. Wasn’t foal pretty disastrous? * 

A. Not when you think that 
someweherc there’s someone who 
wanted a holiday in Bulgaria, and 
has coded up with 10,000 Grand - ? 
Interpol shares. Boy has he got - % 

problems! . ." r 

Q. But he doesn't have’ to pay, : 
does he? 

A. Sure! If he doesn't, vre said a * 
gang of VDUs to beat him tip. : ' 

Hello there! Tell me, are you in big y 
trouble? Disgrace, humiliation.-* 
blackmail, public resignation, that j 
sort of trouble ?. Then you need ; 
looking after by Tory Wives. Only , 

Tory Wives can give you the sort of 
support and comfort you need '' 
when you ’ye been rather sidy. Mast v 
people Would walk away £ Tory '- " 

Wives will stand by you: . If you '®i 1 ; 
haven't got a Tory wife now, you . 

. may need one soon, because Tory \ 

Wives have had more experience of \ 
getting through public mumluttion - 
than anyone else. Tory Wives, Too i 
good for Tory Husbands . . . . ' 

Q. I'm told that foe stress on foe ? 
average Stock-Exchange whizz-kid 
is so great that they bum out -- 
beforethey’re 30. T 

A- That’s nothing. A young man “ 
joined our firm this morning and 
he was burnt out by halfpast :: 
three. - He just lay by his desk, ? 
smou lder ing slightly. 1 tod to turn:> 
a fire extinguisher on him , blithe 
tod already charred foe caipeL g,' 

Q- What can be done to stop this?- ’ 

A. For a start, they can make foose -- 
pink-and-white striped 
shirts nan-inflammabte 
entally, I saw another 
creek this afternoon. He amply 
opened foe window and. threw ;his 
VDU out - . • V 
Q. Gosk What happencdtollim? 1 
A. The VDU picked itself up, fan - 
back into foe bufldin&irame up z 
the stairs and beat foe.- -Hving * 
daylights' out of him. I wouldn’t ; 
mess with one df these new VDUs, 
no sir, . I. .wouldn’t even 

■roughly to one. 



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Tie reversal of any m^jor 
policy which has lasted far 60 
years must be counted si g nf fj - 

proces s. But there couM be no 
greater dehision. The switch in 
policy made yesterday is a 
change of tactics, not of heart 

rffli hU pa ni sm — an organiza- 
tiei i where history exerts so 
jgtent an influence — and 
directed by its leaders, it is 
doubly so. 

Yesterday’s vote by Sinn 
Fein, the political wing of the 
provisional IRA, to end its 
boycott of the Irish Parliament 
means that the Provisi onals 
will, for the first time in the 
existence of the Republic, have 
the possibility of a par- 
liamentary voice in Irish a£ 

Some may see this decision 
as a defeat for the policy of 
principle above practice that 
Sinn Fein has traditionally 
pursued and a renunciation of 
an important part of its his- 
tory. Others may see it as the 
demise of a legend. No longer 
will Sinn Fern stand aloof as 
the guardian of pore repub- 
licanism, the role it has cast for 
itself For Sinn Fein both the 
suggestion of defeat and the 
sacrifice of principle may 
present risks. But they are risks 
that wifi have been carefully 
calculated fay its leaders. Only 
30 delegates dissented from 
the decision. 

For the Government of the 
Irish Republic and for. the 
British Government, the Siiro 
Fein vote may he regarded 
initially as something of a 
victory. Some wfll be tempted 
to see it as the recr uitment of 
Sinn Fein to the demociattc - 

north and south of the border. 
Bnt the IRA has long special- 
ized in exercising a leverage 
greater than any democratic 
power it might win by votes 
alone. Sinn Fein's sew- pos- 
ition opens up a set of political 
opportunities which require 
careful analysts and constant 

Hist, the arithmetic of 
southern politics offers 
temptations to smati parties. 
For some years now, the 
balance between Hue Ga d! 
and Labour and the opposition 
Fianna Fail has been a fine 
one. In these c in aim y ya ncf^ 
which are likely , to persist for 
several years to come, two or 
three Sum Fein TDs could 
exert an influence over and 
above their numbers. They 
could disrupt the par- 
liamentary process or exact an 
unacceptably high price for 
parliamentary peace. Instabil- 
ity of this ksudm the politics of 
the Irish Republic has be- 
devilled Anglo-Irish inter-gov- 
ernmental relations before and 
could easily do so again. 

Sinn Fern’s participation in 
the parliament of the South 
could also complicate Anglo- 
Irish relations in another way. 
It win enhance the party’s 
respectability in some sections 
of the nationalist community 
in Northern Ireland. If Sinn 
Fein wins seats and takes an 
active part in Dublin politics. 


How many of our older 
schoolchildren have, any 
knowledge tif the following; 
the development of Britain’s 
independent nudear deterrent; 
the history and causes of the 
Northern Ireland troubled 
since 1969; the origin and 
hopes of Britain’s entry into 
the Common Market; the post- 
war decline in Britain’s indus- 
trial p erfor m ance; the end of. 
empire and the development 

writing for students to drew 
upon. They: propose to 
galvanise historians into 
producing objective and bal- 
anced . literature on post-war 
Britain taigeted at a variety of 
levels in the hope that the 
supply will help to stimulate 
the market. 

The new institute proposes 
as a first step to start a 
systematic interviewing, pro- 
gramme of former ministers 

of the Commonwealth; and ::jmdi^sdfyii» ; ciife&toshea 
the changing philosophies and light both on general policy* 


.in lied) 

fortunes of our major political 

The answer is not likely to 
be encouraging. Those who are 
assiduous readers of news- 
papers will have some know- 
IcSge. Those who rriy on 
school teaching and school 
text books will be barely 
knowledgeable at alL 

The reason is partly the lade 
of space on an overcrowded 
curriculum for subjects not 
covered in examination sylla- 
buses. The new GCSE exams 
will go some way towards 
bringing modem British his- 
tory farther into tile class- 
room, but the imbalance 
between prewar and post-war 
studies will still be very great. 

Last week saw a new initia- 
tive launched to counter this 
problem: the establishment of 

argue that examination sylla- 
buses at secondary and tertiary 
levels of education will not 
change until there is a substan- 
tial body of sound historical 

making and on specific events, 
such as theleaderehip struggle 
in the Conservative Party in 
the autumn of 1963 or the fell 
of the Heafa government in 

There are already memoirs 
or published diaries for these 
periods but they are Inevitably 
inclined to be self-serving and 
partisan. Few ministers below 
the top rank ever write mem- 
oirs, and scarcely any dvfi 
servants (outride the Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office). 

The recent past is an aca- 
demic twilight zone. Today’s 
events are described and an- 
alysed in the media as they 
happen. Events of 30 or more 
years ago are the subject of 
expanding scholarly interest. 
The period in between fells 
uneasily into such subject 
areas as politics, sociology or 
current affairs, areas whose 
claim to be considered a fully 
fledged academic disciplines is 
still challenged, it is. a period 
that is ill served by historians 
wife the knowledge and hind- 

sight to place the events of 
those years in their wider 
context, and 91 considered by 
history students. 

The new initiative has ob- 
vious dangers. The human and 
financial resources devoted to 
the study of British history 
prior to 1945 are already hard 
pressed and it would be wrong 
to squeeze them further. Oral 
histmy has to be treated with 
caution. . One_bas only to 
compare one’s favourite auto- 
biographical stories with one’s 
contemporary diary entries to 
see that. 

There will always be a 
.question about the value of 
teaching recent history to pu- 
pils whose grounding in earlier 
periods of history may be 
negligible (and is unlikely to 
increase when they can choose 
to abandon tiie study of his- 
tory after two or three years of 
secondary education). Yet 
today’s schoolchildren and 
university students are 
tomorrow’s voters and de- 
rision-takers, and to send 
them out into the world with 
often only a rudimentary 
knowledge of the post-war 
history of their country is to 
deny them the vital piece of 
the jigsaw in explaining how 
Britain arrived at where rite is 

If tiie new Institute places 
the study of recent history on a 
sound academic footing and , 
stimulates its emergence into | 
the school curriculum, it will 
have achieved much. The 
project deserves well 


In the West the death of the 
aged Albanian Communist 
Party leader, Enver Hoxha, 
eighteen months ago was de- 
scribed, inevitably, as the end 
of an era. Within Albania it 
was treated, just as inevitably, 
as a further stage in the 
continuous advance of that 
country towards communism. 
Since then, Tirana’s . aggressive 
, 'insistence on continuity has 
inindded with signs of un- 
certainty and shifts in policy. 

Yet still the post-Haxha era 
has not been inaugurated. 
There has been an end, but no 
be ginning . The five-yeariy 
Congress of the Albanian 
Communist Party which 

opens today may 
beginning. At very least* can 
be expected to reflect the 
changes that have taken place 
in Albania in recent ygrs™ 
indicate how united Hoxnas 
successors are about adapting 
to them. 

Albania has one of ^ 
.< youngest populations in the 
woritLThe average age of the 
population is 26 and 
of all Albanians are under 
. White their parents and grand- 
parents can remember a time 

when Albania bad a “ 
the wider world, then the 
communist world, then as an 
ally of China, todays young 
Albanians have been brought 
up largely in ignorance cd tne 
world outride as anything 
Sher than hostile, 
manv resoects better educated 

than their parents, they have 
been isolated from the youth 
culture of the West and even of 
the East 

It is becoming a p paren t, 
however, that isolation has 
neither stifled curiosity nor 
acted as a.banier. to what the 
communist authorities regard 
as contamination from West- 
ern ways. Aocordizw; to recent 
reports, the youthful popula- 
tion^ of Albania is not immune 
to partisanship which 
manifests itself as hooliganism 
at - sporting events; nor to 
{tisrnptive rowdiness in public 
places. It has also exhibited a 
penchant for what ;is pro- 

ft is becoming equally 
apparent: that the communist, 
system in Albania has, despite 
its strident pursuit of autarky 
and its ideological, distance 
from the countries of Eastern 
Europe, bred economic evils 
that are strikingly: ri Tn ^ Br to 
theirs. A generation has en- 
tered the work force knowing 
feat hard- work pies un- 
rewarded, tiiat innovation and 
originality are. frequently 
counterproductive' and that 
extralegal methods are more 
effective m reaching an objec- 
tive than legal methods. Alba- 
nians, akmgwith workers from 
Siberia to East Berlin, are now 
being, told in no. uncertain 
terms that their productivity is 
inadequate to provide the 
improved . living -standards 
thev* crave-; . : 

Now, toojn relation to tiie 
outride world, Albania ap- 
pears to be finding its self- 
imposed isolation increasingly 
difficult to sustain. Slowly, 
Albania has concluded dip- 
lomatic and trade agreements 
with other, predominantly 
European and non-aligned 
countries. There has bear a 
marked improvement in its 
relations with Greece, In fee 
Balkans only Yugoslavia (be- 
cause of the intractable prob- 
lem of the border province of 
KosovoX and in Europe as a 
whole only Britain (because of 
the unresolved dispute over 
Albanian gold), present ob- 
stacles to the re-entry of Alba- 
nia into the feplonumc world 
One aspect of Albanian, fife 
that has not changed is the 
omnipresence of Enver 
Hoxha. The image of the late 
leader has presided over all the 
recent changes and recog- 
nitions of change. His portrait 
is eveiwbere, his works are 
continually quoted. But is his 
name being perpetuated as a 
cipher to justify fee preserva- 
tion of the old regime? Is it 
bring used to justify change, to 
sanction what would — with- 
out the approval of the late 
leader — amount to an ad- 
mission of failure? Or does fee 
immortalization of Enver 
Hoxha reflect merely his 
successors’ fears of what sud- 
den change might do in a 
country used to rigid cer- 
tainty? This week's Party Con- 
gress may have an answer. 


Value of language skills to exports New colleges, 

from the Chairrnmaf the British their attitude towards language old \l£tP 

it wifl have strengthened its 
defences against any move the 
British government might 
wish to make against it in fee 
North. British governments 
have so far fought shy of 
proscribing Sinn Fein as a 
party, but this does not mean 
that it has not been (or should 
not be) considered after recent 
Sinn Fein successes at the 
polls. Proscription will now be 
that much more difficult 

A farther consequence of 
yesterday's vote is the likeli- 
hood of more deaths. Some 
may result from internal fend- 
ing if IRA activists seek to 
register their protest against 
. the decision through violence. 
But even those IRA com- | 
manders who support the do- i 
cisioa will need to ! 
demonstrate to their support- 
ers that the Armalite has not 
been superceded by the ballot 

Above all, Shm Fein’s do- 
tation gives that organization a 
new tactical weapon. The IRA 
is not capable of “defeating” or 
even destabilizing the Repub- 
lic or a part erf Britain. It can, 
however, attempt to outlast, 
the determination of a democ- 
racy to confront murderers 
and their sympathizers. 
Participation of Sinn Fein in 
the Parliament of the Republic 
will help to perpetuate existing 
tensions and difficulties both 
inside the British and Irish 
governments and between 
them. It is this consequence 
that London and Dublin must 
guard against in the months to 

From the Chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board 
Sir, Dr Adriana Mathecon’s ca- 
reers article (October 23) makes a 
number of important points about 
the value of foreign language skills 
in export maxketiiK. 

At the British Overseas Trade 
Board we have long been worried 
by the effects on Britain’s trading 
prospects of a national reluctance 
to fearo other languors. Our vice- 
chairman, HRH the Duke of 
Kent, has taken a particular 
interest in the subject. 

Most of this country’s cus- 
tomers are in noi^Enghsh-speak- 
ing markets, and many prefer to 
deal with firms prepared to ap- 
proach them in their own lan- 
guage. They are often critical of 
the apparent inability of our 
industry and commerce, with 
some notable exceptions, to do so. 

Seven years ago, in resp o nse to 
concerns of just this kind, a BOTB 
study group, led by our vice- 
chairman, confirmed that in many 
overseas markets British com- 
panies could not expect to com- 
pete effectively without a 
knowledge of tins local language. 

It found that very few firms 
were making adequate use of the 
available hwi g wa y training facil- 
ities, and that better liaison was 
needed between firms and the 
education world. It was convinced 
that industry and commerce 
should be much more positive in 

Syria warning 

From Rabbi Dr Sidney Brichto 
Sir, The breaking off of diplomatic 
relations with Syria by the British 
Government may appear to the 
average citizen as a logical and 
necessary consequence of fee 
proven collusion of tiie Syrian 
Government in the a tt m pt to 
destroy en El A1 plane in mid- 

Pofific&ms and diplomats of the 
world, however, must have been 
stunned by fee boldness of fee act. 
They know that there were other 
options, such as the withdrawal of 
the British Ambassador in Damas- 
cus or fee declaration feat fee 
present Syrian Ambassador was 
persona non grata. 

Instead it chose to sacrifice 
commercial and political self- 
interest by cutting off relation- 
ships wife that power in the 
Middle East which, along with 
. Egypt, is the key factor in any 
settlement of the Arab conflict 
wife braeL & also risks the lives <rf 
its nationals firing abroad at the 
hands of Syrian-supported terror- 

The British Government has 
-thus given a dear signal to fee 
nations of the world that it 

Disaster on K2 

j F)rom Lord Bunt 
Sir, The tetters from Dr Charies 
Clarke (October 2) and Mr M. J. 

j recent tragic K2 
rightly draw attention to fee lade 
of oxygen, fuel and food supplies 
at appropriate places on fee 
mou n ta in during the climb. 

Fundamental to the matter of 

control in 

operation as a whole, which 
shook! have ensured, not only that 
the necessary supplies and shelter 
were appropriately positioned at 
the times when they were re- 
quired, but that other climbers 
were also in a position to support 
fee party or groups who were 
making the bid for fee summit. 
Absence of such control and 

Church heritage 

From the Chairman of Save 
Britain's Heritage 
Sir, To write about seating down 
an ‘’overbearing Methodist 
pulpit" and an “over-gothic 
Catholic altar" (leading article, 
October 20) grossly underesti- 
mates what is becoming an 
meteKdndty serious issue. 

Only lak week a Georgian 
interior of 1753 was totally de- 
stroyed. The building, the former 
Huguenot chapel m Fournier 
Street, Spitaffidds, is now a 
mosque, but ecclesiastical exemp- 
tion applies. Galleries, paneffing, 
Georgian pews and fear fittings 
were chain-sawn into little faeces 
and carted away. No record was 

The Church of England at least 
has the valuable advice of the 
Council for fee Care of Churches. 
The Free churches and non- 
Christian churches have no such 
body and can do precisely as they 

One hundred yards up tiie street 
from fee gutted cha pel is 
Christchurch. It is ironic feat an 
appeal is shortly to be launched for 
a substantial sum to reinstate the 
galleries there which were re- 
moved in fee name of reordering 
in the nineteenth century. 

Yours faithfully, 

Save Britain’s Heritage, 

68 Battersea High Street, SW1L 
October 20. 

Measure for measure 

From Mr G. S. Effer 
Sir, I am grateful to the Rev 
Canon D. W. C Mossman (Octo- 
ber 29) for drawing our attention 
to fee Wunderiand of metrication 
mwhkh we are constrained to live 

because our legislators do not wish 
to know better. 

Recently fee Joint Metri- 
catuxu/Standards Committee of 
the Institution of Production En- 
gineers wrote to fee Minister of 
Sate at the Department of Trade 
to say feat the dual (Imperial and 
metric) system of measurement 
costs manufacturing companies 
an estimated 3 per cent of their 
turnover; also, men many entrants 
to industry have to be retrained. 

their attitude towards language 

Some pngress has since been 
made. The BOTB have a current 
series of conferences on export 
marketing, for example, including 
a session on the value of language 
skills in winning orders. And, wife 
fee Loudon Chamber of Com- 
merce and Industry and Lloyds 
Bank, we have pioneered a sew 
Foreign Languages at Work coarse 
to help safe-formers who have 
taken sciences and other uon- 
Hngwstic subjects at A level to 
continue or develop their commu- 
nication skills. 

We and others have also wel- 
comed the recent policy initiative 
by fee Secretary of State for 
Education and Science to en- 
courage more foreign-language 
teaching in schools, with its 
emphasis on communication in 
everyday situations. I understand 
feat the Secretary of State is 
hoping to issue definitive guid- 
ance later this year. 

But there is still a long way to 
go. For Britain's overseas trade the 
message remains the one which 
the study group recognised in 
1979: there is no substitute for fee 
ability to deal with overseas 
customers in their own language. 
Yours faithfully, 

British Overceas Trade Board, 

1 Victoria Street, SW1. 

October 29. 

considers fee fight g gafag* inter- 
national terrorism as deadly seri- 
ous and one which transcends the 
benefits which may come from the 
sate of arms in the area or the 
advantages of political h»flmgnt»- 

One can only hope that the 
major powers, particularly fee 
USSR, will understand fee mes- 
sage and sot wait until a band of 
terrorists get hold of a nuclear 
weapon and hold the world to 
ransom, before they unite in 
ridding fee world of those who 
mHie/Trrmmatrty daughte r inno- 
cent third parties in order to 
achieve their political goals or 
satisfy their paymasters. 

When the Government of a 
ruction of shopkeepers, and this is 
no stigma, behave wife such 
clarity of purpose it deserves 
applause. Bat more to fee pout, it 
u a warning to other governments, 
especially her European allies, that 
what is at stake in this straggle is 
more than fee loss of profit or 
power, but the very survival of 
world law and order. 

Faithfully yours, 


The Athenaeum, 

PaDMaD, SW1. 

October 27, 

support was fee cause of a 
co m p arab le tragedy during an 
American-organized expedition 
on K2 in 1939. There are other 
instances, too, when more than 
aw group of climbers, from 
dif fe ren t countries, whether hi 
competition with one another or 
having foiled to co-onfinate their 
plans, have created unjustified 

Such basic lessons do not make 
a case for large and lavishly 
equipped expeditions; nor do they 
necessarily role out the simpler 
and more enjoyable vogue tor 
rfimhrng “Alpine style” on fee 
biggest peaks. But wriD-laid plans 
and adequate supplies are of the 
essence <rf fee matter. 

Yours truly, 


Royal Geographical Society, 
Kensington Gore, SW7. 

October 22. 

Hospitals watchdog 

From the Director of the National 
Association of Health Authorities 
Sir, John Randle (October 24) is 
doing less than justice to fee NHS 
in accusing it of half-baked inspec- 
tions of private hospitals. 

The 19S4 Registered Homes Act 
and its associated regulations lay 
down the conditions of registra- 
tion for private hospitals and 
nursing homes and set out a series 
of st a nd ar d s which mist be main- 
tained These include staffing, 
food, condition of fee buildings, 
control of drugs and medicine and 
fire safety. 

Health authorities have been 
delegated fee reponsibitiiy for the 
actual registration and inspection 
of such premises and each one 
most be inspected by authorised 
officers on at least two occasions 
during every period erf 1 2 months. 
Inspections are essential to ensure 
that nursing homes are being 
operated according to statutory 

It is in the public interest that 

homes are of good standard and 
health authorities therefore take 
their responsibilities very seri- 

Yours faithfully, 

PHILIP A HUNT, Director, 
National Association of Health 

Garth House, 

47 Edgbaston Park Road, 

October 24. 

after their academic career, in the 
use of avoirdupois and inch 
systems. This is paiticotarty 
wasteful in the area of quality 

We are told feat the derisions 
are best left to enterprise* con- 
cerned, who ate in fee best 
position to assess fee costs and 

When we needed to devalue fee 
pound we went metric, by Gov- 
ernment order, in no time. Who is 
deludin g who m? 

G, S. ELFER, (Chairman, 

Joint Metricacion/Standards 

The Institution of Production 

Little Cedars, 

Windsor Shwer.Chertsev. Sumy, 

Given the stated size of the 
CTCs (750-1,000) it is difficult to 
see how their sixth forms can 
possibly offer fee range of subjects 
postulated in fee prospectus, or 
how they can cater for 16-19 year 
olds with the quality of provision 
currently available in sixth-form 
and tertiary colleges, some of 
which already exist in the loca- 
tions proposed for the city tech- 

Younf finthjulfy, 

J. L GLAZIER, Secretary, 

The Association of Principals of 
Sixth Form Colleges, 

South-east Essex Sixth Form Col- 

Runnymede Chase. 



October 27. 

Economics of art 

From Mr David Gould 
Sir, Should we express sympathy 
to the National Gallery for their 
inability to purchase a painting by 
Manet for “something in the 
region of £3 million* (report, 
October 21) when it might well 
have been within the bounds of 
possibility for an astute director 
(wife an understanding set of 
trustees) to have bought the 
picture for an infinitely lower 
price at an earlier date? 

We are told in today’s issue that 
it changed hands for £500 in 1899, 
yet it would be more interesting to 
know fee date and the circum- 
stances and the price when it last 
chang ed h « T « fe - 

The mas in the street is 
eternally bemused by fee unreal 
economics of the art market and 
the enormous values set upon 
works of art By and large fashion 
dictates the monetary value, not 
the intrinsic quality. 

Last Tuesday (October 14) a 
large pastel, “The Sirens", by Sir 
Edward Burne-Jones, was re- 
produced in your pages. About 30 
years ago it was knocked down at 
Christie’s, as an unwieldy and 
unwanted item, for fee princely 
sum of six guineas. Alas, at feat 
time there wasn’t a director of any 
gallery in Great Britain wife the 
acumen to buy it; neither was 
there a sale room correspondent 
who would have seen it as a 
newsworthy item. 

If it is a policy for the National 
Gallery to buy at the top of the 
market, this puety sets a seal upon 
the frightful illusion that paintings 
are another form of currency. It is 
a ridiculous situation when paint- 
ings live in vaults as a “hedge 
against inflation" — as, I fear, 
British Rail may find out sooner 
or later. 

Yours sincerely, 


9 Qiffel Avenue, 

Streatham Hill, SW2. 

October 21. 

Stranded whales 

From Professor W. S. Allen, FBA 
Sir, The comment appended to 
your photograph (October 30) of 
stranded whales in south-west 
Iceland does a grave injustice to 
the Icelanders when it refers to 
“the notorious Icelandic ritual 
slaughter known as the grind*. 
There is no such ritual in Iceland. 
Fbrtunatdy most of your readers 
are likdy to be better informed 
and will know feat this is exclu- 
sively a Fiaroese tradition. 

Yours faithfully, 


Trinity CoDege, 


Inner dty building 

From Mr Henry Low 
Sir, Prince Charles’s castigation of 
builders for not developing inner 
dty sites (report, October 29) 
prompts one to ask what became 
of the Government’s much 
vaunted register of vacant land? 
Since the register is not folfifling 
fee purpose for which it was set 
up, perhaps it needs fiscal teeth. 

If rites and buildings of zero 
rateable value were mark subject 
to a levy based on their current 
market value, their owners might 
be more inclined to release them 
for development 
Yours faithfully, 


19 Queens Gardens, 


East Sussex 

From the Secretary of the Associ- 
ation of Principals of Sixth Form 

Sir, The Minister of State for 
Education and Science has just 
published a glossy prospectus, 
subtitled “A new choice of 
school**, for the city technology 
colleges. Such colleges, I under- 
stand, are to be the answer to low 
standards in selected urban areas. 

In such a context, one might 
expect some exciting new perspec- 
tives, some innovative features 
not hitherto evident in the much- 
maligned State sector. 

It is surprising, therefore, to see, 
under the title, “Courses of study 
available in fee sixth form”, an 
almost exact reptica of an open- 
access sixth - form college's 
curriculum. Morever, this curricu- 
lum has been available in many 
colleges for the last 1 2 years; it has 
offered maximum opportunity to 
high-flyers, variety and depth to 
aQ A-JeveJ candidates, a second 
chance to those who fell at toe 
fifth-form fence, and hope to 
many who had struggled during 
their early school years. 

“Mixed Economy" [sic) and 
general studies' provirion has 
been available to an 16-19 stu- 
dents, the majority of whom have 
gone on to successful and satisfy- 
ing careers at 17+, 18+, or via 
higher education after structured 
and caring guidance from trained 


NOVEMBER 3 1960 

On November 2, I960, after a trial 
lasting six days bdpre Mr Justice 

Byrne, Penguin Books Ltd were 
acquitted of pubKshins an obscene 
article, rwmefy the imexpurgated 
edition of Lady Chatteriey’s 
Lover. The hay's unanimous 
oerdict enabled die publisher to 
begin the distribution of 200 JXJO 
copies of the book. Final sales were 
considerably higher. The Times 
leader below evoked a great deal af 
correspondence. The publisher. 
Sir Alien. Lane, replied to it at 
length on November 8 stating that 
it demonstrated a complete 
lack af understanding... " 


A jury of nine men and three 
women have derided that D. H. 
Lawrence’s novel Lady 
Ckatterlefs Lover » not obscene. 
It was perfectly proper for than to 
decide this. No one else could do so. 
& is a matter of opinion, not of law 
A pd t hfl moment t iny hud so 
decided, as Mr. Justice Byrne said 

in bi ff qrmmjn g nfo “that IS the end 
of the case” It is likely, however, to 
be only toe beginning of much else. 
While Penguin Books Ltd. get 
reedy to do record business, mid 
while Sir ABen Lane will receive 
the congratulations of all those in 
many parts of the world who 
sincerely believe that a bad taboo 
has been broken and an unneces- 
sary restraint lifted, many equally 
sincere people, also deeply con- 
cerned about public and private 
morals and the general well-being 
of Bociety, will be asking them- 
selves exactly where the conse- 
quences wifl stop. For, in spite of 
the impressive parade of witnesses 
for the defence, well nigh all 
affirming thm the publication of 
Lady Chattetiey’s Lover could do 
nothing but good, it would not have 
been difficult to match them, 
bishop for bishop and don for don, 
with a similar pmade taking exact- 
ly the opposite view. 

This no more empha- 
size the feet that obscenity is not 
an immutable offence. It has no 
universal absolutes. It varies from 
society to society at any given 
moment, and within toe same 
society from age to age — 

Thirty years after his dea t h, and 
at least so for as Lady Chatierleys 
Lover is concerned, Lawrence has 
found a British jnry to agree with 
him. The question of the work’s 
obscenity within, the terms of the 
1959 Act has once for all been 

derided - TVt^ tin aryaol a gainst 

the jury’s verdict. Bnt on toe 
grounds of decency, and taste, and 
even morals, it is still possible to 
express dissent. It is hard to make 
the mqor premise of the book 
other than that Constance 
Chattedey was behaving naturally 
in being unchaste bofo before and 
toroughout marriage and was justi- 
fied in lying with one man after 
another until she found one to her 
satisfaction. Now that this novel 
can go into the hands of every man, 
woman, adolescent, and child with 
a jury’s blearing, is it possible to be 
sure it will hare no harmful effect 
on morals? To say the practice is 
already common is to go near to 
affirming that our society is one of 
those no further corruptible. This 
is tut true. In spite of all the 
divorce cases there ore plenty of 
people who do not behave in this 
fashion. Bren if there are many 
who do, society should surely strive 
towards there being fewer. To 
excuse Lawrence, as was done at 
the triah by explaining that he waa 
a pagan is irrelevant. Oura is still 
nqjpoeed to be a Christian society. 

All this, however, can be said to 
be no more than what has been 
adumbrated in many other novels. 
What makes Lady C hatterley’s 
Looer unique is that all the details, 
circumstances, and sensations of 
copulation are rnade explicit. Here, 
too, it may be argued that Law- 
rence is describing no more than 
what most adults, and nowadays 
many adolescents, hare experi- 
enced. But toe more reverently 
such an act is regarded the less it is 
talked about. A decent reticence 
has been the practice in all classes 
of society and much will be lost by 
the destruction of it. It » true, as 
the Judge warned toe jury, that 
they were deciding on Lawrence’s 
book and no other, but it is difficult 
to see where the law wifl now be 
rifle to make a stand. Lady 
Chatterlefe Lover was not saved 
by its Kterary merits. They did not 
arise. It was declared not to be 
obscene. A greet shift in what is 
permissible l egally has been made. 
But not morally. Yesterday's ver- 
dict is a challenge to society to 
resist toe diungw in its manners 
and conduct that may flow from ft. 
It should not be taken as an 
invitation to succumb. 

Cutting edge 

From Mr Guy Topham 
Sir. Sir John Elliot (October 30) 
should look again at fee wall of the 
former chapel in fee Condetgerie 
near Marie- Antoinette’s cell A 
guillotine blade most certainly 
bangs there, as I well recall, having 
winced when one of our children 
(wife a less fervid imagination 
than my own) felt its cutting edge 
wife a finger. 

Yoms faithfally, 


22 Lawrence Street, SW£ 

October 30.' 

The ring of truth? 

From Mr £. M. Cockbum 
Sir, “The Government cannot for 
ever stand by .ringing its hands**. 
So says today’s first leader (“Mr 
Baker's big chance”, October 29). 

1 am sure Mr Baker will prefer 
fee advice of 1066 and All That: 
“They are ringing fee bells now; I 
shall be wringing their necks 
soon” (Walpole). 

Yours feilhmlly. 


1 Beechwood Avenue, 

Kew. Richmond, 


October 29. 








November 2: Mr Leslie 
Simmons had the honour of 
being received by The Queen 
today when Her Majesty deco- 
rated him with the Royal Vic- 
torian Medal (Silver). 
November i The Prince of 
Wales. President, the Salisbury 
Cathedral Spire Trust this 
morning attended the Parish 
Purses Collection Service in 
Salisbury Cathedral. 

His Royal Highness, attended 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson, Travelled in an air- 
craft of The Queen's Fight 

November 1: The Duchess of 
Gloucester was present this 
afternoon at the Nabisco 
Wightxnan Cup at the Royal 
Albert HalL London. 

November 2: Princess Alice 
Duchess of Gloucester this after- 
noon unveiled the new War 
Memorial in Bridge Street, 

Mrs Michael Harvey was in 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend the Royal 
British Legion Festival of 
Remembrance at the Albert 
Hall on November 8. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend the 
Remembrance Day Service at 
the Cenotaph on November * 
and will lay a wreath. 

The Prince of Wales, Colonel of 
the Welsh Guards, will attend 
the Welsh Guards Remem- 
brance Sunday Service in the 
Guards ChapeL Wellington Bar- 
racks, on November 9. 

Princess Anne will attend 
concert to mark the fortieth 
anniversary of the opening of 
the Wildfowl Trust and the 
tenth anni versaryof the opening 
of the Arundel Reserve ax the 
Chichester Festival Theatre. 
West Sussex, on November 9. 
Princess Anne will visit the 
offices of the Lancashire Eve- 
ning Telegraph on November 
10 and lata* win visit Blackburn 
Borough Council's new leisure 

Viscount Lmley celebrates his 
birthday today. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Cokv- 
nel-in-Chief of the Royal Elec- 
trical and Mechanical 
Engineers, will visit the Vehicles 
and Weapons branch at 
Cbobham, Surrey, on Novem- 

The Princess of Wales will open 
the fourteenth Daily Mail Inter- 
national Sid Show at the Earls 
Court Exhibition Centre on 
November 7. 

Princess Anne win attend the 
International Yacht Racing 
Union gala banquet at the Inn 
on the Park Hotel on November 

Birthdays today 

Major-General Sir Allan Adair, 
89; Mr Kenneth Baker, MP, 52; 
Mr John Biffen, MP, 56; Mr 
Jeremy Brett, SI; Mr Charles 
Bronson, 64; Sir Kenneth 
Cbrley, 78; Miss Violetta Hvin, 
61; Mrs Jean Floud, 71; Sir vp Goodhan, MP. 61; Mr 
Ludovic Kennedy, 67; Sir Chris- 

topher Leaver, 49; Baroness Lee 
of Asl 

of Asberidge, 82; the Earl of 
Lonsdale, 64; M^jor-General 
Viscount Monckton of 
Brenchley. 71: Mr Kenneth 
Morgan. 58; Mr Timothy Rai- 
son, MP. 57; Vice-Admiral Sir 
John Webster, 54. 



Mr J.G. Leahy 
and Miss Aj. Davies 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Sir John and Lady Leahy, of the 
British High Commission, Can- 
berra, and Bishopstone, Sussex, 
and Alison, only daughter of Dr 
and Mrs J.G. Davies, of Javea, 
Spain, and Onslow Square, 

MrG-LA. Armfidd 
and Miss CM. HOI 
The engagement is announced 
between lan, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs HJ-A. ArmfiekL of 
Canford Gifts, Dorset, and 
Catriona, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs FJrL HilL, of Cobham, 

lieutenant-Commander D.G. 
Hale, RN, 

and Mbs CJL Asher 
The engagement is announced 
between Douglas Graham, 
younger son of Mr and Mra LA. 
Hale, of Blackwater, Camberiey, 
Surrey, and Claire Helen, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.F. 
Asher, ofFuIbeck, Lincolnshire. 
Mr A.C Sound 
and Miss AX- Broadmore 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs J A Stroud, of Cranbrook, 
Kent, and Ann. daughter of Mr 
and Mrs P. Broadmore, of 
Leigh. Kent. 

Mr SJ*. Jams 
and Miss SJ. Adamson 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs DJ. Jarvis, of 
Ainsdaie, Merseyside, and 
Sandi, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D.T. Adamson, of Orwefl, 

MrPJL PUrvis 
and Miss FJVLM. Campbell 
The engagement is announced 
between Paid, son of Brigadier 
R.H. Purvis. CBE, and Mrs 
Purvis, of Worplesdon, Surrey, 
and Fiona, second daughter of 
Dr and Mrs J.K. Campbell, of 
Boars HilL Oxford. 

Mr G.S. ReadeH 
and Mbs D.G. Rader 
The engagement is announced 
between Greg, son of Mr 
A.V.M. Ren dell, of Alnwick, 
Northumberland, mid the late 
Mrs N. RendeU, and Diane, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R.R. Packer, of Swindon. 

Mr R. Wowb 
and Miss A. Moorsom 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs R- Wowk, of Toronto. 
Canada, and Annabel, daughter 
of Mr B.W. Moorsom. of Dinas 
Powis, Glamorgan, and Mre J. 
Arnold, of Cherington, 
Warwickshire. The marriage 
will take place on November 17 
in Toronto. 

The pipes come to town 


By Angus Mari 

The Feast of AO Hallows 
brought the sound of die great 
Highland bagpipe to London. 

The piping year was. as every 
November, rounded off by the 
Scottish Piping Society of 

London's competitions at the 
Glaziers' HalL 

The wiener of the overall 
championship was for the sec- 
ond year naming Muny 
Henderson, no ne w com er to tire 
prise lists. He won a prize in 
each of the few main events, 
though Erst prizes eluded him. 

The winner of the covered 
Brotach Gorot was Ronald 
MacShxnnoo, a piper from Ar- 
gyll who played an Argyll tone, 
the “Lament for Captain 
MacDongalT*. Murray Header- 
son came second with one of the 
greatest of the MacCrimnton 
tones, “Rory MacLeod's 
Lament", Third was Andrew 
Wright (a winHcr of this event in 
previous years) playing 
“Tuitoch Ard*\ the 
MacKenzjes* March. 

Sgt Brian Donaldson. Scots 
Guards, took fourth prize with 
“MacLeod's Salute", also called 

(he Rowing Time, while Robert 
Wallace came fifth with “The 

King’s Taxes". The lodges were 

John Burgess, Tom Speers and 
Colonel Graham Mnrray. 

Thirty-seven pipers entered 
for the open piobaireachd event, 
which was won by Donald 



MacDonald's Salute". Murray 
Henderson played the nameless 
fnw and “EHharin dro o dro” 
from the Daucaa Campbell 
manuscript, to cocue second. Dr 
William Wotherspoon took 
third prize with “Beloved 
Scotland", a tune which may be 
either a lament or a cry for 

Malcolm MacRae came 
fourth with “MacLeod of 
Coflbeck's Lament". The judges 
were Captain John MadLeBan, 
Robert S. Brown, and Allan 

who aim won the Scottish Clans 
Cup for the march. Second place 
was takea by Keith Walter with 
Wai Chang Ho third. 

The John MocFadyen Me- 
morial Quaicb for march, strath- 
spey, red, was won b 
Donaldson. Murray 
took second place and also 
second place fa the 
petition for die Beaten 1 
by Sgt Roderick MacCqort with 
Roderick J MacLeod fluid. The 
ton results were: - 

£1.4 m for 



Revealing secrets of the molecule 


The third pfobaireacbd event, 
for the Highland Gab challenge 
cqi, was won with the “Salate to 
Donald" by Jonathan Gillespie, 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr David Cole to be nhairman 
of the Thomson Foundation in 
succession to the late Mr James 

Mr Peter GibbSngs to be presi- 
dent for 1987 of the Primers’ 
Charitable C o rporation. 

Sir Geone Young, MP, to be a 
trustee of the Guinness Trust, 
the charity and bousing 

Professor Sir Mark Richmond. 
_ id 55, Vice-Chancellor of 
Manchester University, to be 
chairman of the Committee of 
Vice-Chancellorsand Principals 
from July 1987 in succession to 
Mr Maurice Shock. 

University news 



Honorary degrees are to 
conferred on the foflowmg: 

Nk Mr Janes Hartun. sentor prison 
officer, hm Prison sauwuon. 

DUnto Mr Janes f G Anderson, 
former convener. Central Regional 
Council: Mr lan C MacLaurin. chair- 
man. Tuck MbottHorocts. artist 

ifeasor Patrick Rafroidl. tamer 

pmkiaiL university of Line Dl: Mr 
WUnam F ‘ 

iPnrves. chief executive and 
I chairman. Hong Kona and 
al Banking Corporation: Mr 
WonUe. director. Harrison 

Clyde Shipping Company: Sir Peter 
Walters. chatninan. Britton Pecndetmul 

Professor Raymond^ 
taaorui fellow in sodalWtt 
University; Mr David Dace. 

International Computers prPeter 

Walker, manager. Mlcroual 
DhrMoa. WePcome Biotech, i 

Mr Graham Berry has been 
appointed finance officer from 
November i. 


The Prime Minister of the Irish 
Republic, Dr Garret FitzGerald, 
is to be one of three recipients of 
honorary degrees this month. 
He is to receive the degree of 
Doctor of Letters. 

The others are Dr John 
Maxwell Sanderson, pioneer in 
the work of open heart surgery 
in North Staffordshire, Doctor 

of Science; and Mr John Hall, 
former education officer for 

Newcastie-under-Lyme, Master 
of the University. 


Professor Anne BetoffGhain. 

bead of the new biochemistry 
research unit carrying out stud- 
ies in diabetes, obesity and heart 
disease at the Cfore Laboratory 
at the university, has been 
appointed honorary professor of 


Mr BLGAM- *u Val dc 

Captain J JJS. Bourne-May 
and Miss KJE. Laver 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 1, at St 
Margaret's, Westminster, of 
Captain Jonathan - James 
Seaburne Bourne-May, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Geoffrey 
Bourne-May, and Miss Karen 
Elizabeth Laver, daughter of 
Lieu tettan t-Colonel and Mrs 
Cameron Laver. The Rev Nev- 
ille Thomas, Chaplain to the 
Household Division, officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Susan Ryan, 
Betsy and Sophia Jameson, 
Roly Peto, Wanie McCulloch 
and Alastair McNefl. Mr Guy 
Bourne-May was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Wellington Barracks and the 
honeymoon will spent abroad. 

Mr CJ- Brittain 
and Mre FJS. Fords 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 1, between 
Mr Charles Brittain and Mrs 
Fiona Forde. 

Mr TJS Bash* 
and Miss G VandcrbOt 
The marriage took place on 
October 11 m Grace Cathedral, 
San Fransisco, California, 
United States, between Mr 
Thomas S. Busha, of London, 
and Miss Caroline Vanderbilt, 
daughter of Mr David M. 
Vanderbilt, of Honolulu, Ha- 
waii The Ven Dr Darby W. 
Betts officiated. 

and Mbs DJA Caber 
The marriage took place on 
October 24 at the Church of Our 
Most Holy Redeemer and St 
Thomas More, Chelsea, of Mr 
Henry du Val de Beaulieu mid 
Miss Deborah Colver. The 
Right Rev PJ. Casey officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by father, Mr Arthur 
Colver, was attended by Ama- 
belle and Alexandra Weeks, 
Fenny Colver and MaximiUea 
UUens de Scbooten. Mr Gavin 
Thompson was best man. 

A reception was held al die 
Hyde Pane Hotel, London, and 
the honeymoon is being spent 

Mr CJF. FitzGerald 
and Mrs J. Spence 
The marriage took place in 
London on Friday, October 31, 
1986, between Mr Christopher 
FhzGendd and Mrs Jill Spence. 
Mr M. Forbes Smith 
and Mbs GH Stotts 
Hie marriage took dace on 
Saturday, October 25, in the the 
House Cbapd, the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception, Farm 
Street, Wl, of Mr Michael 
Forbes Smith and Miss Qaire 
Helen Stubbs. 

Mr H. Pfoptt 
and Mis F. Mffler 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 1, 1986, at 
Richmond register office bo- 
tween Mir Hugh Pigott, of 
Richmond, and Mrs Hona 
Miller, of Oxford. 

By Haon MaUatien . 

In New York on Friday 
Sotheby’s sold a secretaire 
abattant, or writing desk, for a 
$2,090,000, or £1,412, 162. 

The piece was made by the 
French cabinet maker, 1 
Carlin, in about 1 780 aud it is 
mounted with ormolu and 
Sevres porcelain plaques of 
flowers by Vincent 
Tafllandicr. Several of these 
porcelam-mountfidpieces are 
known and most have: royal 

However, it is not known 
who owned this one before 
Baron Alphonse de Roth- 
schild in the last century. 

That one price accounted 
for almost half of the total of 
$4,547,730. or £3,072,791, 
with 10 per cent bought in, 
which was produced by the 
sale of French furniture and 

On Saturday afternoon in 
New York Sotheby’s offered 
more French furniture, to- 
gether with German i 
nese porcelain and other 
works of art from the Patino 
family. The Patino silver 
coilection had been sold by 
Christie's earlier in the week. 

The total for the Sotheby’s 
session was $8,091380, or 
£5,467,149, with only 4 .per 
cent, or seven of the 141 lots, 
bought in. 

An American coHectar 
$797,500, or £538,851, for a 
pair of Louis XIV ormolu- 
mo anted bouDe marquetry 
and ebony cabinets. They 
were decorated with figures 
representing Wisdom and Re- 
ligion flank ed by medals in 

Dr Robert 5. MulHken, 
chemical physicist, whose mo- 
lecular orbital theory bridged 
-the gap between the atom and 
the molecule, died on October 
3L He was 90. 

- The theory provided scien- 
tists with the meansof tracing 
the complex paths which elec- 
trons travel in molecules. 
Mofliken, known as “Mr 
Molecule" was awarded the 
1966 Nobd Prize for Chemis- 


It is likely that they were 
among the 12 cabinets to hold 


medals and c uriositi es 
tig to the King at 
Versailles which were made by 
Alexandre Jean 
the royal cabinet 

Service luncheon 

The Staffordshire Bggtm— 1 » 
(The Prince of Wales’s) 
Lieutenant-General Sir Derek 
Boorman, Colonel of The 
Staffordshire Regiment (The 
Prince of Wales's), presided at 
the annual luncheon held at the 
St Ennin's Hotel on Saturday, 


Broad One Design Chtfa 
Lady Maybew pleaded at the 
annual dinner of the Broads One 
sign Club held at the Royal 
Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht 
Club, Lowestoft, on Saturday. 
Admiral of the Fleet Lord Lewm 
was the chief guest and speaker. 

Service dinners 

«f Carridrt 

Ayrshire (Earl 
Own) Yeomanry 
The Lord Lieutenant of Ayr and 
Arran attended the annual din- 
ner of the Ayrshire (Earl of I 
Carnet's Own) Yeomanry held 

.Company of Makers 
of Playing Cards 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Company of 
Makers of Playing Ganb for the 
ensuing yean Master, Mr D.B. 
Maurice; Senior Warden, Mr 
Alderman CR. Watford; Junior 
Warden, Mr B.G. Rigg. 

Robert Sanderson Muffiken 
was bom at Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, on June 7, 
1896. As a child, showing 
more interest in fauna than in 
molecules, he became a keen 
amateur botanist, a passion 
that remained with mm for 
the rest ofhis life. 

When a 17-year-old at Mas- 
sachusetts instit ute of Tech- 
nology (MIT) - where his 
farther was professor of organic 
chemistry - the young student 
delivered a graduation oration 
on "The electron: what it is 
and what it does” That was in 
1913, the year that the Danish 
physicist Niels Bohr an- 
nounced his quantum theory 
of spectra. 

Mulliken graduated in 
chemistry from MTT in 1917 
and his first job was in a 
laboratory for research on 
oison gases at American 
[diversity. He then served for 
a few months in the Army 
before joining the New Jersey 
Zinc Con 
in rubber 

In 1919 he went to 
University where, under 
W. D. Harkins, he did re- 
search on atomic nudeL His 
PhD thesis was on the partial 
separation of mercury iso- 
topes ‘ by irreversible 

national research council fol- 
low, moving to Harvard to 
study the isotope effect in 
band spectra. There he read 
SommerfekTs Atombau and 
Spektraltinien which suggest- 
ed paraBdisms between elec- 
tronic states of molecules and 
those of atoms. 

Inspired by what he read, he 
resolved to bring new order to 
the data on baud spectra by 

on Saturday set Yeomanry 
se, Ayr. Sir Houston Shaw- 


Our 8 flights a week 
leave other airlines 

trailing behind. 

Wednesday Depart1430 

Tuesday Depart 1900 

When you consider our schedule to Tokyo 
hardly surprising. 

We offer 8 flights a week from the UK to 
Japan and we're the only airline to fly twice on 
Saturdays and non-stop on Tuesdays. 

So, travel on a Tuesday and you cut almost 
6 hours off your time in the air. 

Ail flights take off in the afternoon except 

Saturday Depart 1230 Saturday Depart 1430 

for Tuesday's which departs in the evening. 
Thereby leaving ample time after arrival in Japan 
fora meal and a good nights sleep before work 
the next day. 

And from Paris we have evening non-stop 
flights to Tokyo on Saturdays and Sundays. 

No wonder the others have trouble keeping 
up with us. 


Everything you expea and more- 

House, Ayr. 

Stewart, Honorary Colonel of 
foe Ayrshire Squadron of The 
Queen's Own ' Yeomanry, .pre- 
sided and Major-General C A. 
Ramsay, General Officer 
Commanding Eastern District, 
waqs also present. 

31st (Greater London) Signal j 
Regiment (V) 

The annual officers' mess din- 
ner of the 3 1st (Greater London) 
Signal Regiment (V) was held at 
Regimental HO. 
on&ituntey. Mqjar PJ5. Whit- j 
tie presided. 

The Queen's FHght 
Air ViccrMarchal J. de M. 
Severne, Captain of The 
Queen’s Flight, attended a din- 
ner hdd on Saturday at RAF I 
Benson to mark fifty years of | 
royal flying. 

No 28 (AC) Squadron RFC and j 

Air Chief Marshal Sir Alasdair 
Steedman was tbe guest of 
honour at the annual reunion 
dinner of No 28 (AC) Squadron 
RFC and RAF Old Boys’ 
Association held on Saturday at 
the RAF Club, Piccadilly. 
Group Captain DJ. Green RAF 
(retd), association president, 
was in the chair. 

Distillers 9 Company 

The following have been elected 
officen of the Distillers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 
Master, Mr Charles Mmoprio; 
Upper . Warden, Mr Alan 
Btirroftgh; Middle Warden, Mr j 
Terence Tofield. ‘ 

Queen’s Counsel 

Barristers wishing to be ap- 
pointed as Queen's Counsel 
should apply before Friday, 
November 7. Application forms 
menu House of Lords, London 
SWIAOPW(Tet 01-219-4312). 

Parliament this week 

C2JKD: Housing and 

Punning BUL 
Tomorrow q 
and Houston 
Tunnel BULB 

National Heatto 
“ BtO. Lords 

His efforts in tius direction led 
to attempts also to understand 
molecular electronic states as 
more or less resembling those 
of atoms. 

In 1925 he went to .Europe 
to meet scientists who were 
working in the same field, 
returning two years later for a 
further round ofviszts. 

Discoveries were . being 
made by others. In 1927, when 
MulHken was assistant profes- 
sor of physics at Washington 
Square School, New Ytnfc, the 
German scientist Friedrich 
Hand published his theory 
that atomic spectra could be 
understood in terms ofAufbau 
(each electron' assigned to an 
orbital). Ibe picture for mole- 
cules, however, was less dean 
MuQiken retained to Chica- 
go University in 1928 and that 
year published crucial papers 
describing^ the use of the 
isodectronic principle- far 
molecules rather than for at- 

Thuoday (2-50* 

Hon motion on ■ 

noralc strategy. 

Friday ra.stft prarowiuon. 

“ 12.30 y. ~ 

| UnU. Tc Ml 
CouuiiiUuUe* to 

National HoaMtV ftov >■■■■ 
SfiL iwrd readings. Sex DbcrtoiUn- 
Uan BH. Common* amendments. 

"T unday (2^0) Housing and Ftamdns 
Bn. Commons amendm ents. Deneons 

totata of ctange to I 





European Ckniit mx Hurawi MStnjn I 
rotaOon to AbcnR and StUpUolKUnii 

todustnes Ad._ 

Friday fStJSOK ProrooaUon. 

Science report 

Air Vice-Marshal B. C 
Yarde, CVO, CBE; died on 
October 29 at tbe age of 81. 
The most important episode 
in his career was when he 
commanded the RAF station 
at Gatow during the Berlin 

Brian Courtenay Yarde was 
bom on September 5, 1905. 
He was educated at BedfimL 
School and the RAF College af 

Russians use microbes I sword of honour. 

to combat methane 

R ussians imposed their block- 
ade on Berlin, it became one 
of tbe world’s busiest At the 
height of the crisis it was 
responsible, under Yanle's di- 
rection, for handling more 
than 900 aircraft a day and a 
huge volume of supplies for 
the beleaguered city. 

From 1951 to 1953 Yard# 1 
was chief of i he RAF police. 
Soon after rd in (pushing this 
RAF cor 

By Allred Browne 

Soviet scientists ran into 
opposition with their latest 
idea for improving coal output 
When miners beard of the 
proposal to spray water, thick 
with microbes, over coal feces 
they sent their aonn repre- 
sentatives to protest; to them 
microbes were synonymous 
with disease. 

They were not satisfied mtil 
a foil-scale investigation was 
made by the Donetsk Institute 
of Latov Protection, the 
equivalent mi Britain's Safety 
and Health Inspectorate, 
which convinced them that the 
microbes were not necessarily 

and pits are driving ! 
down to deeper veins more 
than a kilometre deep. 

Machinery is equipped with 
automatic switches to bring it 
to a standstill when the meth- 

pomt Minas bad to wait: 
the air pomps to dear it before 
the new system was in- 

Yet the idea was patented, 
the Russians say, before the . 
Second World War, though it 
was not needed then. It was 
based on tbe disco very by n 

During the Second World 
War he served first in France, 
at RAF headquarters; between 
1940 and 1944 in stan jobs' m 
the Far East and Middle East , 
and from March 1944 to April 
1945 as commander succes- 
sively, of two bomber stations 
in Britain.' He was' thrice 
mentioned in despatches. 

After a year as deputy 
director ofbomber operations 
at the Air Mijaistiy, he was 
appointed senior director of 
GranweU,^ where bt remained, 
until his posting to Gatow in . 
June 1947. : 

When he-. arrived- there it 
was a comparatively quiet 
airport; but soon, when the 

post be led the RAF contin- 
gent in the Coronation proces- 
sion, and a month later was 
l to command No 62 

In 1954 he became com- 
mandant-general of the RAF 
Regiment and inspector of 
ground combat training. He 
retired from the service in 
1957, ami then ran a catering 
business in Hampshire, where 
he lived. 

Yarde was not the sort of 
man about whom anecdotes 
are. told, but he wa&.a solid, 
upright, methodical officer 
who proved equal to tbe big 
emergency that be tod to free. 

He is survived by his 
Maijorie, and their 

The result of the microbe 
spray was to increase output 
and wages. The mines were no 
longer subject to lengthy 
cleaning and maintenance clo- 
sures, and tbey were healthier 
and safer places. 

For die microbes are a 
specks of bacteria that feed on 
methane, the fire-damp that is 
the major cause of mramg 
explosions. Methane Inks hi 
all tbe natural crevices in coal 
beds and is released as the coal 
is cnL At a concentration of 3£ 
per cent with air the m ixtur e fa 

In shallow mines the normal 
forced ventilation is sufficient 
to disperse the gas but as 
mines get deeper the air 
currents become feebler and 
cannot dear it. Moreover, 
mines using modern high- 
speed techniques release . 
methane hi larger quantities 
'mply by cottma more coaL 
Mining in tbe Douetz Basin, . 
the richtot coal .source ia the 
European part of the Soviet 
Union, has exhausted shallow 

beginning of the cestnry. He 
found methane-consuming - 
bacteria in the bottom waters 
of rivers, lakes and the sea. 
where conditions are suitable, 
for production of the gas. ' 

Those bacteria are now one 
product of Soviet biotechnol- 
ogy factories, according to Dr. 
Mikhail Ivanov, director .of the 
Institute of Microbiology, 
Soviet Academy of Sciences. 

Use of tbe mkrabes faqpm 
even before a new seam b 
opened. A cocktail of bacteria- 


ntixtore, produced from bio- 
mass, is pumped through bore- 
holes into a coal bed some six 
before its 

That gets rid of most of the 
mmfaane and a further spray of j 
tbe mixtur e, as coal cutters 
and loaders advance, copes 
with the rest. The system has. 
been applied to fear mines, 
catling down- idle time, 
increasing output, and remov- 
ing. the risk of disaster by 

is now being introduced 
widely into Soviet deep urines. 

Hardisty, one of the 
finest of a& amateur football- 
ers, died on October' 31. He 
was 65. 

John Roderick Elliott 
Hardisty was bom at Omster- 
le-Streeton February 1, 1921. 
His lather was a shopkeeper, 
who moved to Bishop Auck- 
land when Hardisty was ja 

At the age of 17 Hardisty 
arted playing fin his local 
side wbenthe “Bishops" were 
the tending amateur tiam in 
the'- country, and famous 
ghoul tbe world. During 
the Seoood World War he 
served in the Army, but even 
so managed to spend a lot of 
time .playing footbalL . 

. He received three FA ama- 
teur Cup medals when Bishop 
Auckland won foe trophy 
three years in succession, 
J955-7Jln 1956 be performed 
his ereatestfeat when rhA final 
drawn at Wembley, was re- 
plaved at MidffiesbrougL 
with severely braised ribs’ 
he was really unfit fo pfoy, but 
because he could not be spaced 

he was strapped up, given a 
local anaesthetic, and seat on 
as centre forward for the 
crucial match. In this Bishop 
Auckland beat their oppo- 
nents, Corinthian Casuals, 4- 
•1, with Hardisty scoring one of 

He also won 15 internation- 
al caps playin g for England, 
and 'he played -for Great 
Britain in three Olympics, 
captaining the tide in 1948. 

In 1958 he was oue of three 

^Sf , ft>^ C T?2ESS ! to hSp j 

fW th. T,- 

~ Manchester United after the 
Mtmich arc disaster This year 
he was an honoured guest 
when United ^ayed a friendly 
at Bishop Auckland to ede- 
brato the dub's cefoesary. 

Hardisty was a gehume 
amateur who, onfike many 
others using foe name^ always 
refiued to take money “in Ms 

He and his wifivBbtty, from 
whom he. was later ffivoroed, 
had a son and a daughter, who 

survive him.' • 

L “ 


oats. Demonstrating that the 
behaviour of different etec- 
trans might be expected to be 
the same, the way was there* 
fore dear to attempt to assign 
quantum numbers to elec- 
trons in molecules. Tbe mofo- 
cnie, like the atom before it, 
was now, through the language 
of mathematics, opening up to 
man’s understanding. 

Four yems later he coined 
the word “orbital" to describe 
the theory which brought the 
processes of the dues'"" 
bond between molecules 
harmony with tbe 
quantum system. . . 

This work was basic to 
almost everything in molecu- 
lar structure that has since 
followed. With the molecular 
orbital theory, Mulliken de- 
stroyed a stereotype: that at- 
oms form molecules as bricks 
form walls, with each brick 
retaining its own original 
identity. He showed that when 
a molecule is formed the 
whole balance of particles 
within the atoms is changed. 

The notion that the atom 
wa«t q'mply a miniatur e of the 
solar system was wiped out. 
The atom’s internal order 
emerged as a mathematical 

model " c ha r fo ig an nlnfo 8 * 

incomprehensible fluidity of 
forces. In this miniature 
world, with the electrons dr- 
ding an atomic nucleus 1 
their identities like droptets( 
a cloud, arithmetic gave 
to matrix mathematics. 

D urin g the Second World 
War foe government's pluto- 
nium project employed 
Mnlliken's talents. From 1942 
to 1945, still based at Chicago 
University, he served as direc- 
tor of editorial work and 
information, co-ordinating 
eight privets on the bomb. In 
1955 be was scientific attach^ 
at the US embassy in London. 

Hie was foe recipient of 
numerous awards and hon- 
ours from institutions around 
the world. In 1928, at the age 
of 32, he was one of foe 
youngest to be elected to the 
National Academy of Sci- 
ences. In 1983 he retired from 
Chicago University where 
had been professor of pffi 
and chemistry for . 52 years. 

In addition to over 200 
he wrote Molecular 
(1969, withWiliis 
B. Person); and Diatomic 
Molecules (1977) and 
Polyatomic Molecules (1981), 
both with Walter G. Ennier. 

MulHken pursued his re- 
searches with intense concen- 
tration, -patience and 
meticulous thoroughness. In 
the face of nature, he felt 
humbled. “Nature plays tbe 
perfect Sphinx and is com- 
pletely adamant to every 
clumsy attempt to force the 
locks that guard her secrets”, 
he explained. 

“Yet to the man who finds 
the correct combination for 
one ofthese- that is, tlte truth - 
site yields without the 
resistance". The result, he 
added, was an “intimate . . . 
feeling of communion with 

His wife, Mary Helen, died 
in 1975. He is survived by 
their two daughters. 

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■* T •*"•- >• ■’«•' r * 

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Twenty still 
held hostage 
in Lebanon 

Yesterday’s release of Mr 
David Jacobsen, after 17 
months of captivity in Leba- 
non. gave new hope to the 
families and friends of the 
Americans still held there. 

But these expectations 
could not bn mediately be 
shared 1^ the famili es of the 
13 other hostages, of different 
nationalities, who have fallen 
foul of Lebanon's political 

the silence was < 

The following is a coun try- 
by-country Hsl of the 20 
hostages still missing, with the 
dates of their kidnap: 

Americans — 7 
William Buckley, aged 56 — 
kidnapped March 16, 1984: 
third secretary at US Embassy 
in Beirut His execution was 
announced without proof in 
October 1985, on grounds that 
be was CIA head in Lebanon. 
Terry Anderson, aged 38 — 
March 16, 1985: regional 
director of AP. 

Thomas Sutherland, aged 55 
— June 9, 1985: dean of 
agronomics faculty at Ameri- 
can University in Beirut 
Joseph Cidppio, aged 56 — 
September 12, 1986: an 

accountant at the university. . 

French — 8 

Marcel Carton, Marcel Fon- 
taine — March 22, 1985: 


Michel Seurat, Jean-Pa til 
Ka nHm a m > — May 22, 1985: 
I slamic Jihad released photo- 
graphs of “corpse” of Seurat a 

Aurel Cornea. Jean- Louis 
Normandin — March 8, 1986: 
members of television crew 
seized after filming a 
Hezbollah rally. 

Camille Sontag, aged 84 — 
May 7, 1986. 

Marcel Condari — February 
1986: daimed by Oiganiza- 
tion of Revolutionary Justice. 

British — 2 
Alec Collett — March 25, 
1985: aid worker with UN 
Relief and Works Agency, 
taken in west Beirut by 
“Revolutionary Organization 
of Socialist Muslims”. Video 
tape released last April of his 
“execution” by hanging day 
after US air raids on Libya. 
John MacCarthy — April 17, 
1986: acting bureau chief for 
Worldwide Television, taken 
on way to Beirut airport 

Irish — 1 

Frank Reed — September 9, 

1986: director of Lebanese 
International SchooL 
Faik Wareh — June 29, 1986: 

Edward Tracy, aged 55 — 
October 21, 1986: writer and 
Muslim book-salesman. Kid- 
nap claime d by “Organization 
of Revolutionary Justice”. 

Brian Keenan — April 11, 
1986: a teacher. 

Italian — 1 

Alberto Mbfinui — Septem- 
ber 11, 1985. 

Sooth Korean — 1 

Cbae Sung-Do - January 31, 
1986: a diplomat 

American is freed in 

secret Beirut deal 

Continued from page 1 
ital in September and October, 
but not held by Islamic Jihad, 
may also be freed. 

A Boeing; 727 and a Lear 
executive jet both chartered 
by the US State Department 
were standing on the tarmac at 
Lamaca yesterday evening . 
But Dr Jacobsen's release 
appears to be more a test of 
mutual trust between the kid- 
nappers and the American 
Government than the start of 
a wholesale hostage release. It 
is quite possible that the 
remaining hostages will have 
to wait in captivity for several 
days before their freedom is 

indispensable to such a solu- 
tion. After the expulsion from 
London of the Syrian ambas- 
sador for allegedly conniving 
at the attempted bombing of 
an El-Al Airliner in April, the 
Syrians deariy wish to be 
portrayed as a responsible and 
humanitarian nation. 

The Syrian Minister of 
Information said on Saturday 
that his country was still doing 
all it could to secure the 
release of all foreign hostages 
in Lebanon, where it main- 
tains up to 25,000 troops. 

The Syrians certainly stand 
to gain most from any 
involvement in the hostages' 
release. — and in Beiruh, the 
Syrians are regarded as being 

Rumours were circulating 
in Lebanon all day yesterday 
that France may also be 
negotiating the imminent re- 
lease of its own five hostages 
in Lebanon — perhaps as part 
of the same package nego- 
tiated by the Americans 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne, President, the 
Save the Children Fund, visits 
two fund projects in Esso, the 
Ark Project, Harwich, 10; and 
Clacton Family Centre, Clacton, 
1 1-25. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a concert in aid of the 
Westminster Society for Men- 

tally Handicapped Children and 
Adults, the Porter Tun Room, 
Chiswefl Street, EC1, 7.45. 

The Duke of Kent, President, 
die Britain-Australia Bicenten- 
nial Committee, attends a recep- 
tion in support of the British- 
Australis Bicentennial Schoon- 
er, Admiralty House, 6. 

New exhibitions 
York and Yorkshire: Water- 
colours from the permanent 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,193 


1 It's back to the fifties for all 
that (5). 

4 He’s regarded as a villain for 
cutting the discount (9). 

9 Don't cease making up such 
stories (9). 

10 An American takes wood 
with some hesitation (5). 

11 A precious stone — not first 
grade, unfortunately (5). 

12 What a judge does in actual 
practice (9). 

13 Rage against sovereign and 
country 47). 

15 Pests surround a person 
refusing drink that's light 

IS Give pleasure to tot in de- 
pression (7). 

20 A novel more ran read in 
translation (7). 

21 Support for formal proposal 

23 Work on muscular disorder 
of the eye (5). 

25 The employment of su- 
perior natural flavouring 

26 Not where olives are grown! 

27 A top man's pride sent 
crashing (9). 

28 Correct a leading journalist 
taking people in (5). 

3 She’ll wait on no man! (5-4). 

4 Soldiers weary, so get with- 
drawn (7). 

5 Housed in a camp as chalets 
are built for Easter (7). 

6 Turned over a boy’s comic 
- no end ofa series (5). 

7 Nowadays charge for en- 
trance (9). 

8 Sign on register (5). 

14 Laboured to be a real re- 
former (9). 

16 Time to get up put off (9). 

17 Worked out cut Her 
Majesty's accepted (9). 

Muslims demonstrate in South Africa 

A*...' . v ' * ‘ ■' ' \ .* V J/N 

: • '•■■MV;-- '■■■/.( ' 

, v - . I It'’ 

", ■ . 

- . . y 

Security guards in DhtImiii wielding whips and batons as they wade into music fens after thoasaodsofpeoptestEonpeded at tlre eatrancefoa rockcoocmt. 

Two killed and 12 

injured in Durban 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Two people were killed and 
at least a dozen others injured 
on Saturday when police broke 
up dem on st ra tions fay young 
Muslims in Gape Town and 
violence erupted at a rock con- 
cert in Durban. 

In Cape Town, the police 
used quirts (long featbar- 
tbooged whips) time times to 
dispose the Muslim you th s 
who had gathered on The Par- 
ade, an open space in front of 
tire city hail used for outdoor 

The youths were p rotest i ng 
against a recent dedsion by 
the General Synod of the Ned- 
erduhse Gerefbnneerde Kerk 
(NGKX the branch of the 
Dutch Reformed Church to 
which moot Afrikaner whites 

to be “a false] 

According to the Govern- 
ment's Bureau Tor Information 

the most serious incident came 
after about 480 Mnstims re- 
fused to disperse. The pro- 
testers throw bottles and 
stones at the police who reta- 
liated with quirts. Two police- 

men were injured and nme 
youths arrested. 

According to the 1980 cen- 
sus, Cape Muslims (classified 
as CoJoored or mixed-race in 
South Africa's racially-de- 
fined population register) 
number about 160*000 — 
roughly half the comity's tot- 
al Mnslim population. Most of 
tire others are Indiana in 

In Durban, violence occ- 
urred throughout Saturday 
when imraly — and apparently 
drank — Mack youths went on 
a rampage at a rock festival fa 
the King's Park sports sta- 
dium organized by Radio Zulu, 
a station upended by the state- 
controlled Snath African 
Broadcasting Corporation. 

Fights broke out, innocent 
fans were stabbed and stoned, 
ami bottles were thrown at the 
police. The situation worsened 
as people were leaving the sta- 
dium. The Navy had to be call- 
ed in to protect shops. 

A police spokesman said 
two people died from stab 

Appeal to 
Britain on 


By A Staff Reporter 

The United Nations has 
asked Britain to double its 
intake of Vietnamete:.*1)oat 
people” as an example to 
other countries. 

During a visit to London 
last week Mr Jean-Pierre 
Hocke, who. recently took over 
as the UN Hi gh Commis- 
sioner for Refugees, told Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, and Mr Douglas 
Hold, the Home Secretory, 
that other countries amid not 
be expected to take in mote of 
the refugees unless B ritain 
doubled its intake. 

Mr Hocke’s appeal followed 
a similar one from Hong 
Kong, made after a new influx 
of rougees landed there: 

Mr David Waddington, 
Minister of State at the Home 
Office, recently agreed to look 
at a new -list of n?$es but 
made no promises. ; . 

Britain has accepted 500 
Vietnamese refugees in the 
past 12 months and more than 
12,000 since the exodus began. 

EEC may act on 

Continued from page 1 
the British side is the evidence 
that Syrian intelligence ser- 
vices are transferring weapons 
and explosives for terrorist 
a tmHfs through Syrian em- 
bassies and the stale anime, as 
was the case in the Hindawi 

European governments are 
now expected to be won round 
by the hard evidence supplied 
by Britain, although it is 
unlikely that they wfll agree to 
all the measures Sir Geoffrey 
has pin on the table. 

The MI5 evidence provides 
proof of the Damascus 
connection, not just because 

of the ride played by the 

Syrian Ambassador, Dr Lout- 
ouf Allah Haydar, but because 
of the vital operational role of 
two key intelligence officials 
in Syria, Brigadier-General 
Muhammad ai-Khouli, bead 
of Air Force Intelligence, and 
his deputy, Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Haytham Said, the man 
who briefed Hindawi before 
he left for London. 

General Khouli is a dose 
confidant of President Assad 

ofSyria, and is known to have 
urmnfl hats with banian and 
Libyan intelligence services. 

He carries out sensitive mis- 
tions for President Assad in 
the Arab world and is held to 
be the key link between 
Damascus mid a network of 
terrori s t organizations. It is 
believed to be General 
Khoulfs intelligence network 
that supplied the weapons for 
the attack* on Rome and 
Vienna aiports last December. 

Colonel Said is considered 
to be one of the toughest and 
most cunning men in Syrian 
intefligence.Until the Hindawi 
affair, he travelled extensively 
in Europe on false documenta- 
tion. . 

Although there are two 
other mam intelligence wings 
in $yria, General and Military, 
the Air Force body is seen as 
the. most important and the 
most powerful. 

"■ Last year. no cute were 
maA». in General Khonli’s' 
budget, even though the bud- 
get of the Air Forceitsdf was 

Letters, page 21 


for head 

rwamrf from page 1 ■ 
education » a tosy .efectiaa 

conskferatioa, favour giving 

head teachers powers to to 
determine spending 
on staffing costs. 

"wrtprtafc and office 

ment, and giving the ! 
the right to retain any savings 

Sources on the manifesto 
group wifi be putting forward 
plans for a nationally set core 
craricuhmr aimed at avoidtaz 
the introduction by some left 
wing subjects of controversial 
fringe subjects like peace 

Mr Baker is understood to 
be opposed to the imposition 
ofa uniform curriculum, fait it 
is dear that the- closeness of 
non between himself and 
Prime Minister on giving 
more powers to school heads 
and governors and relieving 
tire education authorities of 
their powers will mean a 
p ackage on 

> .* 





Mis Thatcher’s dose asso- 
ciates believe that the. transfer 
of powera away from the local 
authorities to schools and 
their governors will have big 
electoral attractions. 

Indeed many who, like Mrs 
Thatcher, have always been in 
favour of a- voucher system, 
under which nazente would be 
able to spend the value of their 
children's education, now be- 
lieve their objectives can be 
achieved by the course on 
which Mr Baker has 


h lx " 

H»g announcement at the 
Bourhemonth Tory con- 
ference of a network of gov- 
ernment-funded lechology 
schools run by independent 

trusts are expected to be' the 
a of other stale-as- 

sisted institutions -whicfa wiH 
nevertheless provide -..alter- 
natives to the existing state 

v ! 

-- t 

hi their efforts to improve 
the quality of schooling and to 
foster morale and pubtic es- 
teem, Mrs Thatcher and her 
dosest associates believe fart 
the petition of the . bead, 
teacher is paramount RKthe 
eyes of parents the quafity ofa. 
sdiool depends cm the quality 
of the head tearfwr 


Danish writ 

Kenny Danish, player- 
anager of Liverpool Foot- 
ball Onb, has issued a High 
Court wrft qfauning libd dam- 
ages over references to him in 
a book “Life At TkeJCop", co- 
written by Phil Neal, the 

u; . 

“!•- 1 


player, now manager 
ton Wanderers. 




19 Few follow Number One, 
which is di%ustiag (7). 

20 Set and lei hair curl (7), 

21 Go wholeheartedly for roly- 
poly (3). 

22 A decoration half-resem- 
bling daggers (5% 

24 French city network (5). 


1 Moving anything 
• smartly - limbs 

loosely (9). 

2 Thought the trainee quite 
perfect (5J. 



The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,192 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword naze IS 

collection; York City Art Gal- 
lery, Exhibition Sq; Mon to Fti 
10.30 to 1 1 JO (ends Nov 7). 

Paintings by Moira Meel- 
boom; Niccol Centre, Brewery 
Court, GraKtster, Mon to Fti 
10 to 430, Sat 10 to 1230 (ends 
Nov 22). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Antartica: A Continent For 
Srience; Art Gallery & Museum, 
Kdvingrove, Glasgow, Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Jan 
8 ). 


The Scholars with Catherine 
Edwards (piano); University 
Chapel, Keele University, 

Siam. 8. 

Piano recital by 
Frith; Fermoy Centre, 

Lynn, 730. 

Recital by Robin Gohrifl (pi- 
ano) and the CouII Quartet; 
Town Hall, Cl act on , Essex, 730. 
Talks, kefaffes 
Leicester University since 
1977; achievement and tur- 
bulence, by Maurice Shock; Art 
Gallery, The Museum, New 
Walk. Lei cester. 8. 

C hina Week: music and fife in 
China, by Ronald Stevenson; 
Assembly Rooms, George St, 
Edinburgh, 8. 

The pound 


Austria Scb 






Hang Kong $ 

BUy Lbs 
Japan Tan 

Norway Kr 




Sweden Kr 








am * 













2 . 1*3 




UL 79 


9 L 32 

Nature notes 

Song thrashes are tinging 
in the mornings in the 
of England: this is a sign 
that they have taken tip their 
breeding territories for nest 
year, though they win stop 
singing for a whole when life 
weather turns really cokL 

Redwings are spreading 
through the countryside, and the 
other winter thrushes, the field- 
fares, are starting to come in 
from northern Europe. 

Short-eared owls are arriving 
on the East coast: they are 
daytime hunteis, flying low and 
noiselessly over and 

moots. Small flocks of them that 
have just crossed the sea some- 
times roost together among root 
crops; after that they separate 
and live solitary Lives. 

Hen-harriers arc also appear- 
ing over open land: they glide 
with upturned wing tips. Most 
of the immigrants are brown 
females or juveniles, known as 
“ring-tails” because of their 
barred tail-feathers. 

There has been a late burst of 
colour on the trees. Birch and 
beech trees on the chalk HiTte 
have had brilliant yellow leaves, 
and in towns the plane trees 
have multi-coloured foliage. 
Most water vegetation is now 
brown and broken, but the 
bulrushes (or reed maces) stand 
high, with their long dariobrown 
see dhead s still firm- ^ 


Wales and West: M4b Contra- 
flow between junctions 16 and 

m 4 Contraflow 
tions 24 and 26 (Bridgewater 
and Wellington). A4& Various 
fare restrictions in Western 
Avenue, Cardiff between 

( fiihiilfr msh hwir 

delays until December. 

The Norte: Ml 8: Contraflow 
between junctions 6 and 7 
(Thome and M62); southbound 
exit and northbound entry slips 

dosed at junction 6. M& Lane 
closures betwee n j 

junctions 17 
and 18 sandbach and Holmes 
OzapdX care requited. A69: 
Contraflow on the southern 
approach to Scotswood Bridge. 

Scotland: M8: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 29 and 30 
(Paisley and Erskine Bridge). 
M74b CO utraflow b e t wee n junc- 
tion 4 (Hamilton) ana the 
Bothwell service area; delays 
southbound during peak peri- 
ods. A91: Single lire traffic West 
of Cnpar; relays during rush 

EafomutiMi suppfied by AA 

Bond winners 

Tbe winning numbers in this 
week's draw for Premium Bond 
{sizes are: 

£100,000: 18FW 281022 (the 
winner lives in Argyll); £50,000: 
15CS 406660 (Lancashire); 
£25,000: 18BF. . 748201 




A ridge of high pr es sure will 
persist over northern France, 
but a front over sane northern 
and w e st e rn areas will move 
slowly south-eastwards. 

a am to nrafeigM 

Londoa, SC 6 «MShI AA, 
JmboW Ii*»« rfrSwy tfrul 

by afternoon; wind SW or modarala; 


MM h nrt i - Bacoinlng dowdy « 

rah; sw bacomingW. 
max temp 12CC4F). 

WBngM, 1 WME( 
rah at 1 

f bglmJ, Watoc Ooudr wvtsodw 
atSrel, tMCMrtnfl dry M8< brtaWor 
htanrais Wan wind W aodS rate; 


MBwd^aw 3u)thn* aoudyw«i 
ouJCreak* ofrah,l«K»T*^brig|^ wtti 
Sa w n; *m SW tefeSng w. mod- 
mRmKtBm>TlC(S2F). . . 

I ranm av 

FMc A raw sunny htanoto, at test. 
tM ca nhg oOm ohody wtHi obowara: 
whd w moderate or hMn; max temp 1 1C 

Gfiragu Cwfcal i laMra ai, ww 
scoUmmi. Aigya, dR bi m i md, 
HofUwra WMt Ratlwr dowty w«v 
oottrsaia of rain, baewrinq brip hu rwaii 
MgM strong A taw; max Wrap 11C 

Alias rahhOwtarN and HW.aenrw^ 
dry wi8> sunny a char htarvrria. Tsm- 

2 H 2 JS 0 



1 S 7 O 00 


10 AT 
19 CL 5 U 

Rates tor amafl dsn u rn ina flew bar* aodw 
only as supptad by Bandars BankPLC 
RaMNea Max: 387.8 

“ — at 1285 - 4 . 

The Dcrar Jonas hd m Mal n- 
dosad down 056 on Friday at 


Births: Bernardino 
zzini, pioneer of industrial 
medicine. Capri, Italy. 1633. 

Henri Maltese, died at Nice, 

Today is AD Saris’ Day 
devoted to the prayers for the 
faithful departed, in 998 Odik), 
abbot of Ouny. decreed that the 

day be set aside for the benefit of 
thou souls in Pmgatory. 

Parliament today 

Commons (230 y. H 
and Planning Bill, 

Lords (2.30): European 
Communities (Amendment) 
Bill and National Health Service 
(Amendment) Bill, third read- 

ing. Sex Discrimination Bill, 
Commons amendments. 


1 Tln« Portfolio is eras. Parctis— 
of. Tlw Tunes Is not a cuwdmon ct 
tafcura part. 

2 Tunes P ort fo lio w tm urUM a 
QRMID at public c om pan i ei whose 
dsns an usted on tbe Slock 

nmpata comprising wffl 

Oiangc irom Pay lo day. Tbs. list 
iwtdai is n umb er wi t - r -- 

11 U for raw reason. Thy Tbnca 
races Page u not pobUsncd to. ms 
normal wav TfaM Portfolio wn be 
m mt mat day. . 

On aach davvoor 
numbers win .ran 
and ' 



"h VS ms. nrovtae d n eat to 

B nNwnt 


day, amt up 

to gw* yon 

or nunm (+ or - 


uw«l each day and me 
dividend win be announce* 
Saturday in Tba Tbnes. 

. B Times PortfoUo list and « 

(he dally or weekly d i vide n d 
be amdUMe for tan 
omces or The Times. 

6 H the overan price movement or 
more Qian one combi nation of stum 
eouaK the dfvldnid. Dw wttr wifl Us 

ESSEX SJH^U5Egsa*T ** 

notaing moos rwirtgujunm 
T AH rtttBn] are 

I C 3 nck your overall total avtost Tbe 
nritw» Po rtfolio dw oeno ptftushed on 
lbs Stock Eacc nan gs Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 

Times PortfoUo dtvtdmd you Have 
won outfigbr or a share of me total 
prtte money stated for mal day and 
must dan your prize as Instructed 

- Weakly DMdsad 

1 record your dally 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

matches, me potwstied 

p aym e nt . AnyWtetaU 
aTto defaced. Mnpend 

card that 

SSS5S t %S£ M * 0 ‘ oanyw “ 

8 Emptaytes of New buor uao onat 
WC and ffiss subsidiaries and or 
Euro orlht . G roup LimUed tpnutdms 
and .dWrflaitors of the card) or 
members of thrtr immedute ramuies 
allowed to may Ttmrn suHoa to 

saawasis batsnan «Mn and 
ram, ea itaedw roosMol^l 

Ito aSkBSMM e M» 1 ^^msM 

9 AH 

these rums, aii ttHrnetian on 1 ... 
to play" and "howto dalm wliet t ie r 
putHjuwj in The Tbn es or la TJiuu* 
Portfolio canto wfll be d erm e d to be 
part of uwse Raise. The EdHar 
reserves the rtgto lo amend the Kaes. 
_ 10 . In .any dtspote. Tbe EdBorfe 
tottofo to floti and no asw uwa- 
deuce vmi t» entered into- 

You must have yoar card with, you 
When you t el ep hon e. . 
if you .are nnafoe to 

- i on your 

but they roust have your card 
The Times Portfolio coons 

between the sdpraaHd (fanes. 

NO i nimemUiHleY fun be 
for failure to con tact the datrito 

for any reason within tbe. sated 

The above . to slrtfcltow . arc 

ndcaoir- to tMOi cbUfar- and 

S teMpM 



431 pen 

Hrst raortar. Nonwibar S 

846ant 4A7 pro 

lighting-up time 

iSiJI pmto&29ani 
Bristol fi. 10 pm to 828 am 

kSS-jmi to e .56 am 


-i-s-i— «. nBOday yasterdr^ c 
; f. Me t. rake e, sun. 


( 745 Oasmiey -f 948 

a 745 tovsmeea f 337 

a 748 detaay . c 1050 

a 948 LondM a 948 

a 948 ir nduto r a 745 

.Edfadwrah a 643 llewcanfle f 745 
f 238 ITn fato— j » 948 

Lloyd's on view 

Lloyd’s of Loudon opens its 
doors to the public today for the 
first time zn 300 years. A 
commentary leads visitors 
roond the p erman ent exhi b ition 
of movnig pictures and models, 
and the fourth floor fsdfety to a 
view of tbe underwriting room 
and the 200 foot glass atnum of 
the new Richard Rogers dc- 

Mfc c, cloud; et drizzle: % ft*; ft, tog; i. rain; a, am *v anow, t. 




C F 

c 18 34 Coiogna 

f 22 72 09 Bwi 

4: 23 73 Carte 
« 23 73 Dubfln; 

C F 

a 30 68 Home 
it -25 77 Sntztra 

Aanfrito f 10 50 IhdiraeiWt 1 18 84 MeadcoC 

f 20 88 

9 20 GB Rmu. 
a 31 88 Fkmnaa 

8.21 .70 1 
c IS 55 Man - 

t W SOWonfatof 

if 10 90 1 

itrance is free from 10 to . 
230. Pre-book on 01-623 7100. 
extension 621ff 




& 14- 87. ntirallar 
c -8.48 IWaUd 

f'M to; 
f 11 52 


I9BS. Fnnim tor London Poet (Print - 
era .Untied of 1 , vtrsbda 
Lmidaa ra 9 XN smjw Mmn 


i 10,80 
-G -11 fiZ 

c 8 48 — mdeh 
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s 4 88 Naptoe 
a 25 77 HDdtf 
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.1 14 57 Mea 
a 82 9Q Qato 

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Mcaubv. ^aiSWa^ 8 ?^ lSSj 
wojm as a nmwpape r at the Peat 



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12 8 79 Urtnto: •* .198* 
a ^23 .79 Uicanw r 8 46 

8.21 TOL Aegtoa 

... - Jwanto g C 6 43 HodaJ 
1 16 01 Hated - • s 17 63 Mpm. 

e . 4 30 8 faaatftg 
r 7 48 Sytto sy 
Xt 22 72 'Tima* 
1 17 83 -Talariv 
a g6 62 Ttomffa 

Tokyo - 

a: 19 88 Taranto 
. ». '7 .45 Ttode 
f 10 so 

• IS 99 VtotoVnr 
t 21 70 V en i ce 

. •«. 6-43 Vtoe n a - 
c 5 « 
f » 88 BMrtenr 

• 28 73 vtr&mi 

• 31 88 Zarteh 




• 1 |, • Z ' . — 1 - ri 


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if*-- jc-'-r^?.^ 






Executive Editor 
Kenneth Heel 

-• ‘ssfc*! 



(Chancre on weekl 

. - V.i St 

■ - 

. " • i y m r* 

FT 30 Share 
1285.4 (+33.8) 

FT-SE 100 

1632.1 (+55.0) 



USM (Datastmam) 

126^5 (+1.09) 


:■■■: ^ 

(Chanoe on weekV 

" M'."; 

- -y.^k 
• ss- 

US Dollar 

1.4055 (-0.0075) 

W German mark 
2.8981 (+0.0276) 


68.4 (+0-5) 



■ 'I 



■ 13V 




^ mr- ■ 


, 1 
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„ *«l* 


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* > **V . 
:'i *5* 

Opax with 
£1 56m bid 

By Alison EadSe 
A group of 30 executives 
from printing and publishing 
company McCorqnodale re- 

vealed plans over tie weekend 
for a £156 million manage- 

— "-“J* d 

ment buyout, the largest ever 
in Britain. 

The bid is being ted by Mr 
John Holloran, the chkf exec- 
utive, Mr Simon Williams, 
American operations director, 
Mr Nicholas Htaoys, finance 
director, and Mr Geoffrey 
Dee, the company secretary. 
They are potting up £300^XX) 
of the management's total £1 
mini on equity. . 

The deal Iras been , put 
together by Prudential-Bache, 
the British merchant banking 
arm of the American invest- 
ment bank. Mr John Mac- 
Aithur. chairman of Pru- 
Bache, knew tire 
McCorqnodale • management 
well through advising them 
for 10 years when he was at 
Klein wort Benson. He rang 
Mr Hofloran three weeks ago 
with propdsalsfora manage- 
ment buy-out, because he said 
the McCorquodale ^ manage- 
ment waS'gggg and the com- 
pany was .being imdertftdmxl 
by Norton Opax’s offer. 

The all cash offer is bring 
made by a, new. company 
above Opax’scash aftmiative 
and lOp above itsshare offer. 

Instilutions investing 
throng the Etectra Candover 
Direct Investment Phm are 
providing £33 million equity 
capital, taking the total equity 
to £34 million. 

The banking finance is be- 
ing underwritten by Standard 
Chartered Bank. The Pruden- 
tial Insurance- Company- of 
America, Pru-Bache’s ul- 
timate parent, wOl participate 
in the financing. . 

Norton Opax, whose bid 
closes on Friday, was yes- 
terday considermgwhether to 
raise its ofier. Mr Give Chalk, 
of merchant bank , Samuel 
Montagu which is advising 
Opax, said the company was 
looking carefully at its options. 

Opax raised its stake in 
McCorquodale last Friday to 
14.99 per cent, the limit at 
which it can buy shares for 
cash without making a higher 
cash offer to all shareholders. 

The other crucial 
McCorquodale shareholder Is 
Mr Robert Maxwell, pubhsber 
of the Daily Mirror, who has a 
14.6 per cent stake. He as- 
sented .a 10.85 per pent 
shareholding to Opax, but has 
yet to decide on vetting his new 
3.75 per cent state. 

If Opax’s lnd feils and Mr 
Maxwell accepts the 300p buy- 
out offer, he stands to make a 
profit of £3 million. 

The total size of the buy-out 
package is £1 87 million, which 
radudes facilities for refinanc- 
ing existing McCorquodale 

Cabinet to keep 

spending down 
despite teachers 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

The Government is sticking 
to its public spending phwf in 
spite of an extra Bi billion 
added by- the proposed in- 
crease in teachers' pay. But to 

dp so ft will adopt more 
optimistic forecasts about the 
level of unemployment and . 
the rare of pay increases for 
public servants. 

Ministers are hoping to 
finish their long-drawn oat 
d i scussi o ns da next year’s - 
public spending this week. If 
they succeed the Chanodkfe, 
Mr Nigel Lawson, may deliver 
his ■ Autumn Statement to 
Itaritoraeat a week t o morrow. 

The Govtsnmem fa anxious 
to announce its spending 
plans -wen before the British 
Gas share price is fixed a 
fortnight on Friday. 

The small nwnnaerial group 
chaired by Lord Wbitdaw 
known as the Star Chamber, 
still has a ^ few issues to resolve. 
They indude parts of the 
education budget un- 
connected with teachers’ pay 

such as provision for science. 

But it is already dear that 
the individual programmes 
can only be. fitted into the 
agreed total if the reserve 
included in the plans is much 
lower than this year’s and if 
the assumptions underlying 
demand daermined spending 

are made, more optimistic 
than originally intended. 

The proposed settlement on 
teachers’ pay has com - 


this over four years is nearly 
twice the amount originally 
proposed by Sir Keith Joseph, 
the previous Education Sec- 
retary, at £2.4 Irillkm. 

Next year h would add £490 
minion to public spending in 
England and Wales over and 
above the £3.2 bfilion addition 
to focal authority current 
expenditure originally pro- 
visionally agreed in July- Of 
this £200 million would be 
financed by the taxpayer and 

the rest by a 2-4p increase in 
focal rates. 

Some relaxation in public 
spending control in election 
war is already expected in 
financial markets. Neverthe- 
less, the possibility that next 
year’s plans may be overspent 
will act as a constraint on the 
sire of tax cuts in the Budget. 

As last year, there win be no 
forecast of government rev- 
enues in the Autumn State- 
ment. If by the Budget, oil 
revenues look likely to be 
higher than the $15 a band 
assumed in the medium term 
financial strategy then that 
will finance some of the extra 
public spending, restoring the 
planned room for tax cats. 

The forecast of the econ- 
omy, which the Chancellor 
will also pres e nt in his state- 
ment, win show growth recov- 
ering from this year’s 
depressed levels to around 3 
per cent Inflation is expected 
to rise slightly to about Vh. per 

LBS optimistic on economy 

The* London Business 
School, whose views are most 
in fine with Government 
thinking, is optimistic about 
prospects for the economy 
next year. In its latest forecast 
it projects economic [growth of 
3 per cent and inflation no 
higher than 35 per cent by the 
final quarter of 1987. 

According to LBS the fell in 
the pound offers British in- 
dustry a remarkable compet- 
itive advantage in world 
markets. The crucial issue is 
how far it will be able to take 
advantage of this. 

Demand next year will ex- 

By Our Economics Editor 
pand with consumer spending 
at home expected to grow by 
4.1 per cent and wodd trade 
growing twice as fast as this 

at 6.2 percent Although 
expects a good simply 

response from industry it is 
forecasting an increase in the 
current balance of payments 
deficit to £2.4 billion. 

In the absence of any fiscal 
or monetary tightening, ster- 
ling is expected to go on 
felting, reaching 64 on the 
trade weighted index by the 
end of 1 987 and lower the year 
after. The resulting increase in 
competitiveness is expected to 

boost manufactured exports 
by 15 per cent over the next 
two years. 

At home personal consump- 
tion will go on growing rapicOy 
boosted by tax cuts and a 
further reduction in the sav- 
ing ratio. Some of this will be 
satisfied by imports which win 
rise by nearly 5 per cent next 
year and in 1988. ■ 

Inflationary press ur es will 
be tempered next year by a 
deceleration in pay settle- 
ments and higher productivity 
bat fay the end of tire year the 
fall m the pound will be 
feeding through into prices. 

Exchange takes steps 
to prevent overload 

By Our Oty Staff 

. The second week of Big 
Bang~ starts this monting on 
the Stock Exchange; after a 
successful find week, accord- 
ing to Exchange chairman Sir 
Nicholas Goodison — but a 
very frustrating week, accord- 
ing to some Exchange 

Modifications to the Topic 
information service are al- 
ready in hand to prevent’ 
repetition of the overloading 
which last, week: caused tem- 
porary suspension oftlieStock 
Exchange Automated Quota- 
tions system (SEAQ). 

SEAQ Level 1 investor 
service is being - withdrawn 
and all subscribers; will receive 
Level 2. 

Level 1 provides the single 
best quote for each a! 

each alpha stock 

(the larger and more often 
traded stocks) and beta stock 
(less large .and. less often 
traded). Levd 2 provides the 
c omp e tin g quotes service 
from different market maters. 
. Some information services 
an Topic, i n c luding Extri 
prices and foreign exchange 
prices, have, been suspended 
also but should be restored 
vrithin weeks. 

However other changes wifi 
tate longer to achieve. 

The needed extra capacity 

to Tte information system will 
not be on stream until July, 

Several market-makers 
spent Saturday dealing the 
backlog of about 28,000 un- 
matched bargains which paled 
up during the week. 

-Features, page 27 

Carlton profits *1:0 double 9 

Cariton Commumcation,the 
film production and television 
services group, is set to almost 
double its profits over the next 
couple of years, according to 
stockbroker L. MesseL 
The group's earnings per 
share have grown by. 580 per 
cent since 198V and can be 
expected on the masting port- 
folio of businesses to expand 
by a further 34 per cent in 
1986 and 37 percent in 1987, 
says the broker’s analysis 
Carlton’s attempted ac- 
quisition of Thames TV was 
blocked by the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority, “but 
it would be surprising if 
Carbon were not represented 
in the next round, of ERA 

By Our City Staff 

franchise appticationsTsays 

The group is currently the 
leading facilities house in 
Europe serving a broad range 
of markets within the TV and 
video industries. In the US it 
is one oflhe largest serving the 
non-tetevision commercials 
industry. Chilton also designs 
and manufactures production 
equipment . 

The broker is forecasting 
profits of £17.9 million for the 
year just completed compared 
with £12 million in the 12 
months to end September 
1985. Messd expects £26 mil- 
lion before tax m the ament 
year and £34 million in the 
following 12 months. 


talks on 

sugar deal 

By Our City Staff 

Ferruzri, the Italian agri- 
ImsiBesff group, is planning to 
buy 70 per cent et British 
Sugar from S&W Berisford for 
about £400 orfBion. 

Sir Richard Butler, chair- 
mau of Agricala UK, 
FerrnzzFs vehicle for its Brit- 
ish interests, said yesterday 
that . Ferrnzzi art S&W 
Berisford were still negotiat- 
ing on a dea£ which if agreed 
would be subject to approval 
by the Monopolies and Meig- 


He said be hoped a settle- 
ment would be hammered out 
wifhBerisford within a week. 

It is understood that 
Berisford would retain a 30 per 
cent sharehshfing and Mr 
Ephraim Margulies, 
BerisforiTs chairman, would 
i wwam as c hai r man. 

' The MMC is cmreatiy 
studying a £480 aSStism bid for 

Bmsford from Tate & Lyle 
ion by 

and the possible acquirition 
Ferrnzzi of British Sugar. 

The MMC has been asked 
by Mr Bud Channon, the 
Trade Secretary, to report by 
November lfl. Tate & Lyle, 
whose primary interest in 
c««iij trader Berisford Is 
Hs ownership of British Sugar, 
is likely to object to any deal 
between Berisford and 

Last week Femxzzi an- 
nounced a £Jre569 billion 
(£286 mllfon) rights issue to 
raise money for Agricola. The 
money wifi be in tend for any 
deal on. British Sugar 

World theme: Mr Iain QuickC (left) and Mr Gerald Baptist 

French join Corby 
theme park project 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

The French-based Bony- 
gnes construction company, 
has agreed in principle to join 
in tte management of the £400 
minion WonderWorld theme 
park at Corby, the forma- steel 
town in Nar&unptonshnre. 

It is Britain’s most am- 
bitious Disney-style protect. 
The backers, which include 
French Kiev, Brent Walker 
and BET, hope this could 
prove the turning point in 
achieving credibility for a 
protect which began 34 years 
ago with die ideas of two 
fanner advertising executives, 
Mr Iain Qnicke and Mr Gerry 
Baptist, but which has 
increasittgly beep delayed. 

It brags to the edge of a 
financing breach a astial 
£150 min Inn first phase, 
including a majority of the 

park’s key attractions, with 
Chase Investment Bank, part 
of Chase Manhattan, as the 
lead bank. 

Bonygnes, best known to 
Britain for its proposed 
c on str u ction rote on the 
French half of the Channel 
Tunnel, is completing detailed 
discussions wife French Kier, 
part of CH Beazer, with 
which it will share the 
construction MMapmHtf. 

M Xavier Gorge, manager 
for entertainment parks within 
Bouygues’ diversification di- 
vision, said: “From our studies 
we believe theme parks are a 
business for the future, bat it is 
'necessary to be selective about 
schemes because the poMk 
will also be selective. 
WonderWorld is an exerting 
project; in our experience it is 
one of the best researched.” 

Lloyd’s asks agency to 
run extra syndicate 

By Our City Staff 

Lloyd’s insurance market 
has asked AUA3, the agency 
responsible for managing the 
loss stricken FCW syndicates, 
to take over the running of 
aviation syndicate 859. 

Losses on the syndicate are 
naming at £3.9 mfllion for the 
1982 to 1985 years of account, 
ora hefty £12,817 loss for each 
name with a £10,000 share on 
the syndicate. 

AUA3, which has been 
toe the inclusion of 

could also be pulled into 
AUA3’s net Syndicate 540 
cedes business to one of the 
syndicates run by AUA3. 

Feltrim, the company tak- 
ing over WMD, is understood 
not to be able to obtain errors 
and omissions cover because 
of the problems of syndicate 
540 on the 1983 year of 

in any eventual settlement 


accept the managment of the 

of the 



affair, is likely to 

syndicate this week after two 
conditions have been fulfilled. 

Syndicate 540, run by 
WMD underwriting agencies. 

AUA3 has told Lloyd's that 
540 must be included in any 
eventual settlement but has 
not requested its manage- 
ment. The syndicate made a 
small profit in 1983. 

Lloyd's is hoping to have 
worked out a settlement to the 
PCW affair by the end of this 

CBI heads for 
conflict over 

pay restraint 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspoodectt 

Britain’s employers look set 
fora tag conflict over calls for 
pay restraint when they debate 
publicly wages, the trade 
unions and employment at 
next week’s Confederation of 
British Industry annual con- 
ference is Bournemouth. 

A drop divide is shown in 
resolutions among the 195 
from CBI regional councils, 
companies and trade associ- 
ations, on the controversial 
question of cuts in pay rises, 
an issue that has become a 
preoccupation of the CBI 

The CBI eastern regional 
council says that “it is a 
negative attitude and bad 
psychology to call for wage 
restraint in order to become 

It adds that industry should 
take positive action to raise 
productivity “and thus attract 
new investment and new jobs 
in the UK.” 

In contrast, the North West 
counci] resolution endorses 

high real wage, high 
productivity economy, and 
the emphasis should hence- 
forth be upon unit wage costs, 
the aim being wage settle- 
ments which, coupled with 
other changes, stabilize or 
reduce unit wage costs 
recognising that for some this 
may mean no wage increase at 
all, for others an increase well 
above the rate of inflation.” 

And the Welsh council 
urges the conference “to be 
more concerned with improv- 
ing efficiency and monitoring 
and publicizing unit costs than 
with the level of wage 

For the first time,ordinary 
members have been able to 
select by ballot the resolutions 
they wish to debate. 

Previously, they have been 

chosen in secret by a commit- 
tee of CBI leading figures. 

statements by Sir Terence 
CBI director gen- 

Beckett, the 
eral, and says that “pay re- 
straint is crucial if the British 
economy is to continue to 
grow and real jobs are to be 
created. 1 ” 

The West Midlands councfl. 
however, believes that “too 
much emphasis has been 
placed upon the level of 
earnings and the rate of in- 
crease in earning s, and that 
this has provided Govern- 
ment with an excuse to avoid 
hs responsibilities towards 
reducing interest rates.” 

It ados: “We believe in a 

Nine resolutions have been 
selected fay ballots of regional 
councils and standing 
committees, and a further five 
will be chosen by delegates 
□ext Monday. 

Apart from the wages issue, 
most of the resolutions show 
little disagreement among CBI 

There is broad support for 
more government spending 
on the infrastructure, in line 
with the CBrs recommenda- 
tion of a £1 billion-a-year 
programme of new projects, 
on Britain joining 
tbeEuropean Monetary Sys- 
tem. on the need to halt the 
increasing divide between 
north and south of the coun- 
try, and on the need for tax 

IoD expresses concern 
oyer executive bonuses 

By Out Industrial Correspondent 

Britain's high-flying, high- 
earning and exclusive band of 
top company executives are 
increasingly being rewarded 
by performance-related bonus 
payments which can now 
account for as much as half of 
their salaries. 

Aocordingtotfae Instituteof 
Directors, the bonus concept 

that has come naturally to the 
Id of US 

competitive work! of US busi- 
ness, is now sweeping through 
Europe. “Companies ranging 
from multinationals down to 
those employing fewer than 

250 are rushing to join the 


But the institute warns that 
with the rise in executive base 
salaries showing no signs of 
abating in Britain, the 
country’s economic compet- 
itiveness could be damaged 
seriously if bonuses become 
an accepted norm even when 
profits tafl. 

In the latest issue of its 
journal Director, the institute 
says that more than half the 
United Kingdom’s company 

directors now have some 
performance-related element 
in their pay. Recent studies 
indicate this figure will rise 5- 
10 per cent next year. 

It rites the earnings a year 
ago of Sir John Harvey-Jones, 
chairman of ICL whose basic 
salary of £220,000 was 
boosted to £312,991 by 
£74,800 of performance-re- 
lated bonuses plus a variety of 
accumulated entitlements, 
including stock options. 

One of the first big com- 
panies to apply cash in- 
centives was BOC, where the 
system was introduced by Mr 
Richard Giordano, the 
country's highest paid exec- 
utive. Mr Giordano, whose 
salary is currently £883,100, 
has no performance reward 
included other than stock 

The IoD says: “The comm- 
ittee of non-executive direc- 
tors that sets his salary 
believes the chairman should 
operate on a longer view than 
would be implied by cash 
bonuses on yearly results.” 

Pubs group 
seeks £3m 

Cafe Inns, a North of Eng- 
land company, is looking for 
£3 million under the Business 
Expansion Scheme to finance 
its business of running pubs, 
cafes and pastry shops. 

Investors wOl be asked to 
buy a mininimum of £2,000 
worth of shares. 

Under the terms of the BES 
investors get tax relief on 
investments of up to £40,000 a 
year in certain types of un- 
quoted companies. 

The Inland Revenue’s 
statistics on the BES shows 
that of more than £200 milfion 
invested in BES companies 
since 1983, the vast majority 
has gone to the South 

From Bailey Morris 
New York ... 

Shares of Hanson Tret wffl 

ftpewn srauutjf m w 

Stock Exchange today -as part 
of the coBgfonerate * 
campaign to. raise its profife 
and influence In the US 

market ^ _ 

Over the past weeks, Sir 
Gontou White, chainnan- m 
Hanson Industries, the US 
subsidiary, has stated hfe 
intention to we all or part of 
its estimated $55 hfllion (£3.9 
biffiou) cadi to fannefc a saw 
of new US acqalritiow whan 
coaid iacfeidea^mega-deaL 

Hanson was rareatef on 
Friday as a partner of Sir 
James Goldsmith m scqi aag 
I jwr cent of Goodyear Tyre 
& Rubber Company, the 
world’s laigest me vm *** 
prelate to a poaB fe W - 
Shares of Aiwrican Brands, 
the Connecticut consumer 
products company, were also 
heavily traded last week on 
nonoors that Hanson was 

U+naim fa UOt the Only 

British company whW»J« 

bee n wwfcjag waves m wail 

dent of Rothschild, which has 
also advised Hanson. 

His views mare echoed by 
Mr Walter Eberstadt of 
Lazard Freres & Go who said 
in an intmiew that “rightly or 
wrongly, and I think wrongly, 
British industrial 
fhfak the potential m foe 
British economy is tinrited.” 

In attempting to expand 
their bases in foe US, how- 
ever, British companies feel 
isKipaed by their lade of high 

“I do not fomk any of the 

Robert Maxwdt plans 
for big US expansion 

Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
Minor gronp pnMohet. £ » 
foe process of expanding 
heavily info the US comm* 
Hifiri fliM market. Be is ex- 
pectdL to aanonce a hfe 
Mpfsitidii* perhaps a nmlti- 
bfltiou doflardeal, by the. end 


foe firm erf Rothschild lac, 

Sir Gordon: launchi ng 
a series of new deals 


presence, part of a rising trend 
with record British prachases 
of American cm^unes-this 
year, is related to currency 
movements and changes in th e 
US tax taws likely to trigger a 

a search which is focused oa 
trade magazines., ; book 
pablisftiflg, anfr soentiffc 

before the end of the year. 

Bat the nveriidfe g reason 
behind foe expansion de- 
dshns by Mr Maxwell and 
others fe-“the detennmation 
that opp o r tun ities in to* 

are Hunted,’ 
raid Mr Robot Erne, presu- 

me,” Sir Gordon said m a 
recent interview. He indicated 
tide ms one iff foe reasons 
Hansen derided to fist its 
shares, m the foin of Am^ 
can depository receipts, on foe 
New York Stock Exchange- 
. Mr Maxwell, who told ! the 
New York Times he wonM 
acqsfre a leading coutnunnca- 
tions company by the end of 
foe year, has also bsen seeking 
a higher US profile. 

(mr the past several weeks, 
his agents- have passed the 
word that he intends to move 
into foe US market to a Mg 
way, baeked by almost $560 

miRkm in available cash in 
addition to valuable sh ares. 

Dazing a recent buying 
spree, Mr MaxwelTs British 
P rinting and Qtommiicatiaa 
Corporation purchased Prov- 
idence Gravure, one of the 
largest US printers of con- 
sumer magazines and cat - 
afognes, from the Providence 
Journal Company for $1525 
miffing, and foe Webb Com- 
pany of St Pud, Minnesota, 
another huge printer of con- 
sumer magazines, for $120 

la addffion, through foe 

which he controls, Mr Max- 
well fsrchascd a controllin g 
interest in Orbit Search Ser- 
vice, a US company which 
sefls computerized scientific 
and technical data bases. 

“Yon ain’t seen nothing 
yet,” Mr Maxwell said in a 
recent interview In which he 
disclosed he is only Interested 
In friendly US takeovers of foe 
“McGraw-Hill type of 
company. 1 ” 

Although he has not made a 
bid for McGraw-Hill, be re- 
cently attempted and tailed to 
buy Scientific American 




Yields are overestimating 
the risk of inflation 

Since the summer, markets 
have see-sawed between too 
great a concern with recession 
and too great a preoccupation 
with strong growth and infla- 
tion. In my estimation, the 
prospect of world recession is 

The major economies are 
growing at a moderate rate 
and ample financial and fiscal 
stimulus lies in reserve, 
particularly since nominal 
GNP growth is undershooting 
targets in most leading coun- 
tries. Market tremblings over 
rapid inflation are premature, 
even though consumer prices' 
growth in leading nations is 
set to accelerate sughtly. 

It is true that isolated 
examples of inflation and 
deflation exist and in such a 
climate the prudent portfolio 
manager will moderately in- 
crease weightings in cash and 

What needs to be empha- 
sized is that the recent global 
retreat to liquidity has been 
encouraged by a high, risk-free 
return on cash. High real 
interest rates and low inflation 
everywhere have made it 
attractive to hold interest- 
bearing cash and have en- 
couraged deferral of 
expenditure and investment 

Ironically, it is probably this 
very liquidity which has en- 
couraged over-cautious cen- 
tral banks to delay the co- 
ordinated decline in interest 
rates initiated in January this 

Against this backcloth, it is 
hardly surprising that world 
bond markets have been going 
through a disappointing time. 
The Ml in the gilt market 
although heavier than in other 
financial markets, has by no 
means been isolated. 

The key question is whether 
weakness in world bond mar- 
kets, including gilts, will per- 
sist At the heart of this issue is 
the outlook for world inflation 
and as I see it the prospective 
inflation vista is less bleak 
than markets anticipate. 

It is true that inevitably the 
level of world and domestic 

other employment costs ad- 
justed for productivity). 

What this means is that in 
Britain consumer prices 
should rise from 3 per cent a 
year at present to about 5 per 
cent per annum next year. 

In the United States, a 
similar increase in consumer 
prices to about 4 per cent per 
annum is probable next year, 
while in Japan and West 
Germany consumer prices 
growth will accelerate to about 
2 per cent per annum in 1987. 

These anticipated rises in 
inflation are not unduly 
worrying. Certainly, they are 
lower than bond yields in 

Global retreat 
to liquidity 
encouraged by 
risk-free return 

most major nations would 
have us believe. Specifically, 
current British bond yields of 
about 1 1 per cent appear to be 
discounting too great an infla- 
tion risk, unless one supports 
the extreme view that British 
inflation will rise to near 
double figures fairly soon. 

My own forecast of about 5 
per cent per annum next year 
comes in at the lower end of 
market expectations; under- 
pinning this is a moderate 
deceleration in the rate of 
increase in British pay settle- 
ments and a slightly stronger 
domestic productivity trend. 

The extremely high risk 
premium in gilt yields is 
probably explained by market 
uncertainty over the future 
course of sterling. Its perfor- 
mance is, of course, a crucial 
variable for overseas investors 
and for domestic interest rate 

Interestingly, there are signs 
that some offehore investors 
are taking a more relaxed view 
of sterling instruments, since 
differentials between sterling 
bonds and those on mark and 
yen bonds have widened to 
extremely attractive levels 
(between 5 per cent to 7 per 

payments worries, excessive 
domestic credit creation and 
wage inflation and political 

In relation to American 
fi nancial instruments and for 
US dollar based investors, 
however, the yield differential 

each occasion, fell back and 
resumed its underlying down- 
trend. A similar outcome is 
likely this time round. 

Two things are needed to 
keep the dollar firm on a 
sustained basis: rapid Ameri- 
can growth and/or widening 

on gilts looks more appealing short-term interest 

(about 3.3 per cent per 
annum), assuming sterling 
stability against a weak dollar. 

On the domestic front, one 
of the problems is a heavy 
funding programme in the 
remaining months of this 
financial year. There is also 
concern about the 
Chancellor’s economic and 
monetary strategy. This in- 
volves toughing it out in the 
belief that current economic 
difficulties are less severe than 
his critics would have us 

In broad economic terms, 
the Chancellor's approach 
makes considerable sense: the 
last thing the “real” British 
economy needs is a further 
injection of interest rate in- 
duced deflation, at a time 
when our nominal GNP 
growth is undershooting tar- 
gets. However, this offical 
hands off approach represents 
a high risk policy. More than 
ever, it places interest rate 
management as a hostage to 
fortune namely oil prices, the 
American dollar and US in- 
terest rates ). 

It is hardly surprising there- 

differentials in favour of the 
dollar. Neither of these is 
likely in the foiseeable future. 

For a start, the US growth 
path in the fourth quarter of 
the year will probably remain 
sluggish. Also, following the 
latest interest cut in Japan, 
short-term US rales are more 
likely to move down than up 
(a 0.3 per cent discount rate 
cut is on the cards after the 
Congressional elections on 

In addition the US authori- 
ties are epxected to continue 
talking the down the dollar to 
stimulate domestic growth 
and further reduce the trade 
deficit, while West European 
and Japanese exchange rate 
intervention will probably ex- 
tend to curbing only the speed 
of decline of the dollar and not 
arresing its fell 

Similarly, no significant re- 
lief for the gilt market is likely 
to come from oil prices, 
although the recent replace-: 
ment of Sheikh Yamani, may 
give oil prices a temporary 
firmness. In the longer term, 
the oil market will remain 
basically soft and is unlikely to 

inflation is going to rise now cent per annum), 
that commodity prices have The problem for mark bloc 
stopped Ming and the bulk of and yen based investors is that 
the dollar’s decline is behind prospective total returns are 
us. However, inflationary mo- m^ly to be reduced by the 
raentum is not likely to gather currency loss resulting from 
much pace. holding sterling. My belief is 

Consumer prices are now, at that sterling could foil by as 
worst, set to rise back to their much as 8 per cent against the 
“core” or “underlying” rates continental currencies and the 
namely growth in wages and yen in the next year, given 

gilts is lukewarm. 

The Chancellor’s 
makes a 
lot of sense 

Overall, while we may well 
not see a further 1 percent rise 
in base rales and while there 
remain grounds for believing 
that gpJt yields are forming a 
base, it is hard to identify the 
source of a sustained recovery 
in gilts in the next month or 

It is unlikely, as happened 
in Februiy this year, to come 
from the US bond market 
where inflation fears rather 
than domestic growth worries 
look likely to dominate finan- 
cial markets. And despite 
recent strength, the dollar 
remains vulnerable. 

You may recall that on five 

continental currencies and the separate occasions since Feb- 
yen in the next year, given niary, 1985, the dollar experi- 
growing British balance of enced similar rallies and, on 

the $10-16 per barrel range. 

What now seems likely in 
the short term is a “basing 
out” period for gilts. Beyond 
this, whether the market 
continues to drift sideways or 
enters an upward recovery 
phase is largely dependent on 
the performance of sterling 
and market views of domestic 
inflationary expectations. 

On my assumptions of a 
gradual lowering of market 
expectations on British infla- 
tion and moderate downside 
in sterling against the other 
major Euro-currencies and the 
yen, with relative stability 
a gainst the doUar.the founda- 
tions are probably being set 
for an improving gilt market 
in the medium and longer 

Jeffrey Mizrahi 

The author is Chief 
Economist at the inter- 
national Stockborker Sa- \ 
vory MillrL 

.ADVERTISEMENT. ecu u n t i inc o' i eceeu u\ 

I L l dj cd n u i liii c ' * / l c DJ CD II 

China signs agreement 
on ISDX exchanges 

Plessey has signed an agreement 
in Shanghai with Factor}' 520 
of the Ministry of Posts and 
Telecommunications to establish 
a product supply and technical 
support centre in China for its 
ISDX digital PABX exchanges. 

Both organisations see this 
as the first step towards further 
technological co-operation. 

They have agreed lo hold 
further negotiations on the 
subject of technology transfer 
and a joint venture for a manu- 
facturing plant in Shanghai. 

Under this initial agree- 
ment, Plessey will assist Factory 
520 to establish the centre, and 
will train Chinese engineers 
who will provide technical 
support for Plessey ISDX 
systems sold in China. Plessey 
considers this a significant step 
forward in its plan to sell digital 
com m unications systems in the 
world's developing markets. 

Other recent sales successes 
for Plessey in China include 


■; 'S&e' ' <v» 
- "r e*; 

The first Plessey Watchman 
radar system for the Royal Air 
Force has been handed over at 
RAF Lyneham, Wilts. 

The hand-over marks the end 
or an extensive trials and fam- 
iliarisation period, planned to 
ensure the smoothest introduc- 
tion into service of this major 
re-equipment programme. 

This new-generaiion. 
medium-range, surveillance 
radar system will become 
standard in all RAF airfields 
and Royal Navy air stations us 
well as at the important 
research airfields at Boscombe 
Down. Famborough and 

The British ISDX on * hkfc ibe Chinese 
leruan dill be based. 

an urban traffic control system 
for Beijing, optical fibre tele- 
communications transmission 
systems, and a Watchman air 
traffic control radar order. 

Seventeen new VMEbus 
microsystems products 

Colombia orders 
System 5000 

The new Pfessey PTR 5561 radio, part of the comp re hen* be System 
5000 senes, has been ordered by Colombia. InitiaDy some 300 hand- 
held sets, worth £500,000, are A 

Plessey Microsystems is hunch- 
ing seventeen new products, 
covering all aspects of VMEbns 
integration, on Stand 1115 at 
the Compec "86 exhibition lo be 
held from November li to 14 at 

The new products range 
from processor and memoiy 
card controllers and I/O 
modules to multi-user and 
networked systems providing 
optimum levels of throughput 
and utilising the very latest in 
design techniques and micro- 
processor technology. 


The Towoester-based com- 
pany is one of the few manu- 
facturers that can offer such a 
complete range of VMEbus 

The introduction orso many 
new products clearly demon- 
strates the Plessey commit- 

ment to VMEbus as a superior 
standard bus architecture. 

It also shows Plessey techni- 
cal expertise in VMEbus board 
and system innovation. 

Plessey Microsystems husan 
established reputation as a 
manufacturer or advanced 
already offers a comprehensive 
range of VMEbus products 
manufactured in modern mili- 
tary-approved facilities' with a 
worldwide support network. 

With this background, 
Plessey can offer the customer 
an unrivalled VMEbus service. 


This is an important break- 
through into the Latin 
American radio market for 

System 5000 offers a whole 
family of highly cost-elTcctive 
radios designed specifically for 
pan-military, police, security 
and emergency services. 


It also offers a low-cosi option 
for some military require- 

High-quality transmission 
and user-friendly operation 
with a minimum of controls 
ensures that the hand-held 
elements of System 5000 
remain popular with operators. 

They minimise confu- 
sion in tense situations 
and contribute to a high 
i level of confidence in the 
k equipment 


The height of high technology. 


Bond rally 
as growth 
stays low 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The bond market has enjoyed 
a substantial rally ia the brat 
two weeks, one that has car-' 
ried the. December Treasmy- 
bond futures contract up from 
94*n on October 16 to 98 5 J2 
last Thursday, an increase of 
3JS percent. 

The pice of the 30-year 
cash bind has risen from 
93*32 to 95 3 *n over the same 
period, an increase of 23 per 
cent. The yield on the 30-year 
bond dropped from 7.77 per 
cent to 7.59 per cent over the 

It is now a p pare n t that the 
bond market Ira decided there 
is only a ■hfawi risk of an 

Hriflwi til H l i^fi ^flyfinn yi tpf 

a “surge of mowth^in the US 
in the immediate or Meed in 
the prospective future. 

The factors that have inhib- 
ited the bond market stoce 
April (when the rally was 
roaghly terminated Following 
(he then sharp rise in the yen 
and the mart — aroariiig fears 
of imported Inflation) have 
now been discounted. 

These indoded the fear of a 
dollar devaluation (which was 
first arrested in early July 
with the central bank “narrow 
bandhg” of the yen, the dollar 
and the mark), the fear of an 
ofl price breakout which was 
pot to rest by the foDnre of the 
recent Opec meeting, the fear 
of the Fed’s “gmg-bo" mone- 
tary policy, which was ter- 
minated in September after it 
was seen to have failed to 
reduce medium and long-term 
interest rates, and the atfhn- 
siastic promotion of the erro- 
neous “surge of growth*' 
economic forecast by the Wall 
Street economic community — 
now seen to have been based 
yet again on the failed mone- 
tarist theory. 

The US consumer, who 
carried the hardest of stim elat- 
ing the meagre economic 
growth achieved this year, is 
approaching exhaustion. The 
rate of growth of consmner 
instalment debt which fi- 
nanced so mnch of the expan- 
sion has fallen to less than half 
of the 20 per cent growth rate 
that applied in 19«4 and 1985. 

Of the throe industrial lead- 
ers — the US, Japan and 
Western Europe — two (foe 
US and Japan) are now likely 
to continue to experience eco- 
nomic stagnation during 1987. 

Japanese economic in- 
dicator are pointing to contin- 
ued hard times as that nation 
attempts to negotiate a signifi- 
cant switch in the emphasis 
from export-led to domestic- 
led economic growth. 

This problem of promoting 
growth m Japan is token ia foe 
US bond market to be foe 
rationale for the switch in foe 
Bank of Japan's policy on a 
cut in foe discount rate. It is 
also taken to be foe principal 
force behind foe acquiescence 
of the Bank of Japan and the 
Ministry of Finance in agree- 
ing to the 4 per cent deraha- 
tioo of foe yen that has taken 
place in foe but week or so. 

Thee has been no official 
reaction to this latest change 
in Japanese foreign exchange 
policy as-yet in tira US. 

But there is no doubting a 
major breach has occurred. 
The yen is now trading around 
160-161 to the dollar com- 
pared with die 153-154 in 
force since early July. 

A devaluation of the yen on 
that scale is exactly foe opp- 
osite of what the US is 




By Carol Ferguson 

Cartel economics are very' 
simple. The cartel may 
choose to control the level of 
its production or the prke at 
which it sells it — but not 
both. This is the cfilemma of 
the Organisation of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries’ 

The ofl. price rises of the 
1970s were fuelled by short- 
ages, created -either by 
embargoes, wars or prpduc- . 
tion cutbacks. Opec began life 
as a price-setting cartel with - 
an official pricing structure. 
Bat it was the fact of short- 
ages, initially genuine, sub- . 
sequently Opec-induced, 
which supported high prices 
and kept them rising, allow- 
ing Opec to hang together. 

Opec would sell to the 
West only at official prices 
and production took care of 

ImHisham Nazer 

Out: Sheik Yamani 

Like Canute, Saudis 
cannot halt oil tide 

No-one was ' predicting 
Sheikh Yamanfs demise as 

working if there is only one 


can at his price. : mg mcreasmgfr evi dent as 

created an incentive to de- 

velop ofl deposits^ outside ««*_ 

Opec. In a scissor movement, 2ES7YiS'*Sd!ai 
non-Opec supply rose while 
demamT fHl cutting into 
Opec’s power to set prices. 

As a price setting cartel, ^Minister wfll prove any 
Onec roced Ivith^ felliS lMe to ***** 

production by developing a SSjSl of 

system of quotas to&hare out j 

the pain. Saudi Arabia was 

the safety valve. It did not w *™ n0 P ro, “ cti ® n sacrifice 
h ave a qnon bu t^acted ^ a produaion acrifica 

on the part of Sandi Arabia. 

“L™* 1 demand al But prices are still barely over 

° rim* ft hswt to $14 a barrel. How are they to 

be increased in the shortterm 
rdy on the rest of Opec not to Ky 30 per cent? - 

-rare-* to 

' increase prices, there must be 


mining Opec’s capacity to set 

“ «•» » 

E yen if Opec copid agree 

concentrate instead on 
production, allowing the 
market to dictate prices. 

Under this regime, oil prices 

can remain high only for as flexibility .to act as s wm g 
^ JiT producer. And Saudi Arabians 
flexibility must be qiiKtion-. 
keep the mancex ngnt. able since it is already se- 

Tbe production ceumg V erely constrained by its low 
now miorce is low enough to production share. In any 
keep prices at around $15 a ^ the ijgjat of Saucfi . 

barrel The cartel is control- indications that it is no longer 
ling supply, mme or less ^jQipg to assume this role, 
effectively, and the market 13 . the question becomes 
determining prices. academic. 

With the ' dismissal of At the very least, the bO 
Sheikh Yamani, Saudi Am- price is in for another bout of 
bia appears to be seeking to uncertainty and uncertainty 
return Opec to its former is bad for markets. The initial 
price-setting role, beginning .reaction by the traders to the 
with ofl prices at $18 and change.of Oil Minister was to 

on the part of Sandi Arabia. 

Economic laws are as im- 
mntalfless the tides. Appeals 
to OPEC’s pricing committee 
to set the price at $18 a barrel 
are as fatfle as befievirig King 
Canute has the power to 
prevent the tide from canting 
In. and lapping roand his 

If OPEC tries to price its 
oil at $18 a barrel by decree, ft 
wifl have to be prepared for 
jtwMwl for its ofl to felL 
Some members of OPEC wifi 
have to produce even less 
Hum they do now. But before 
r u ttin g back, some members 
will start discounting again 
and OPEC will be in danger 
of r t ftw mmg once more to 
prices of $10 a band and 
below. . 

mark down ofl prices and 
then, on discovering that 
1 Sandi policy is to raise the 
price to $18 a barrel to mark 
■ them up again with a sigh of 

Easier said than done. It is 
already November, stocks are 
high and another Opec meet- 
ing — more foan usually diff- 
hanging — is on the cards. 

The market is still 1 oolong 
to the organization to pro- 
duce a rabbit out of the hat, 
surety a triumph of optimism 
over recent experience. Only 
production cutbacks will in- 
crease. . the price which is 
precisely what Opec finds 
most difficult to do. 

Continuing volatility in the 
ofl price around the current 
leva , is the most realistic 
expectation. This means 
there is no relief in sight for 
the pure, exploration com- 
panies who need higher oil 
prices to seek and develop 
new ofl fields. " 

The companies best 
equipped to do well in this 
environment remain the 
leaders like BP and Shell with 
big refining operations which 
bmefit from low prices. The 
smaller oil companies must 
hope and pray for that rabbit 

Stanhope float speculation 

By Judith Hartley, Commercial Property Correspondent 
The market is expecting The company, with Cathwlral- with a huce offic 

The market is expecting The company, with Gathwiral, with a huge office 

news today from Mr Stuart Rosehaugh and the British scheme. 

Upton and his highly success- Rafl Property Board, is stockley is partnering the 
■ fill private property company, developing 3.5 nulhonsqfl of p en insular and Oriental 
Stanhope Securities. Specufe- offices at Uwipool .Street Steam Navigation Company 
non is mounting that Mr Station. AD of foe firat phases m nxjevelopSg its fomier 
Upton will float the company are pre-let to financial offices, Beaufort House in the 
or reject a into an existing corporations. Square Mile, confirming Mr 

property shea. Mr Lipton is also a founder Upton’s long-standing links 

And there are hopes that foe member of Stockley, the prop- with Sir Jeffrey Sterling, 

company will reveal its plans erty company he set up with P & 0’s chairman, 
for the redevelopment of Mr Elliott Bemerd of Morgan Mr Linton aeain namienj 
Spi^fietoMatet sij£ dose Gr^ Uuri^ Mr Jac^ Rc»efaa^h for^cK to 
to foe City, after foe City Rothschild, when he left devefon Smtalfields Market 
Corporation 's^ dec ision to Greycoat Estates. S 

e 0pen 10 Stockley is developing a Spitalnelds ' Development 
competing reds. business paik near Heathrow Group — made up of London 

Stanhope is involved in Airport. It is also part of a & Edinburgh Trust, Balfour 
some of foe largest develop- consortium planning - the Beatty and County and Dis- 
ments in booming sectors of redevelopment of Paternoster trict Properties — and those 
the market Sauare, surrounding St Paul’s ftnm r. H Beazer. 

The Japanese can be in no 
doubt that although nothing 
has been beard from the US on 
this point so for, the devalua- 
tion of the yen will aroose 
anger and resentment in 

Cathedral, with a huge office 

Stockley is partnering the 
Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation Company 

corporauous. ^ Square Mile, confirming Mr 

Mr Lipton is also a founder Upton’s long-standing links 
member of Stockley, the prop- with Sir Jeffrey Sterling, 
erty company he set up with P & 0’s chairman. 

Mr Effiott BernerdofMoigan ^ Upton ^ partners 

Gr^ l^ and Mr Jacob Rosefaau|ii for foTcfaance 10 

KrSSrf ^ “ Iefi develop Spitalfidds Market, 
Greycoat Estates. rivalling plans from the 

Stockley is developing a Spitalnelds ' Development 

Carter Faber 

The partners of CARTER & CO. and 
PETER FABER & CO. are pleased to 
announce the merger of the two practices 

with effect from 1 November 1986. 

From that date, the combined firm wifl 

practice as CARTER FABER from its 

existing offices at 78 Fenchorch Street 

London EC3 and St Mary Abchurch 
House, 123 Cannon Street London EC4 
(pending their move to new premises in 
foe City), and from 23 Upper Brook 

Street London WL 

business paik near Heathrow Group — made up of London 
Airport. It is also part of a & Edinburgh Trust, Balfour 
consortium planning - the Beatty and County and Dis- 
redevdopment of Paternoster tnct Properties — and those 
Square, surrounding St Paul’s from C H Beazer. 

Kleinwort Benson 

With effect from 1st November 1986 
the Kleinwort Benson Limited mortgage rate 
will be 12% per aruturii, and the 
personal loan basexate will be 11% per annum. 

Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient al tentative to a deposit 
account in any major currency. . 

For further information and the current prospectuses, 
please complete and return this coupon to: Robin FuHer. 

N M Rothschild Asset Management-(C.I.) Limited. v 
P.O. Box 242, St. Julian's Court. Sr. Peter Port. Guernsey. 
Channel Islands. Telephone; Guernsey (CW8 1 j 26741 



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After Big Bang, we look at the implications for an SE institution 

Vill the floor still be there 

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ByJohn Hollis 

Those -who were present when 
foeStbck Exchange floor was 
opened by the Queen wfll 
recall that accousticaQy ft 
provided a magnificent con- 
certhalL J 

: Given its design and loca- 
tion other uses are less ' im- 
mediately obvious. Yet with 
wsBL over half the trading in 
stocks and shares already 
moved away 'from the floor in 
the 'first week after Big Bang, 
is spite of the computer 
problems, the question of 
whether die floor has a future 
as a dealing area is going to be 
asked more and more. 

The basic- problem in any 
market system is to provide a 
local point of contact between 
potential buyers and sellers. 
This problem is enhanced 
when, as in the Stock Ex- 
change, a large number of 
similar, but not identical, 
items are traded. - 

In the foreign exchange 
market, for example, where 
the number of actively traded 
currencies is small, the market 
has never bad a physical focus 
at which aD orders are ex- 
posed. In a stock exchange 
trading several hundred if not 
several thousand securities, 
other solutions have to be 

The traditional London 
method has operated on what 
might be called the “souk” 
principle, where jobbers in 
different categories of stocks 
group themselves in different 
areas of the floor, just as 
dealers in antiques, clothes, 
pets and green groceries group 
themselves in different parts 
of the Portobeflo Road. This 
was done partly for the conve- 
nience of the brokers and 
partly so that the jobbers 
could keep an eye on each 
other. . . 

This system of multiple 
price-mams, is contrast to 
New York, Frankfurt or To- 
kyo systems of single official 
or semi-official price-makers, 
has the important con-, 
sequence that in London there 
is no stogfe market price fora 

The speed with which som 
given stock at any one time. 
Potentially there are as many 
prices as there are market- 
makers. The dosing prices so 
confidently displayed in the 
media are no more than a 
consensus judgement of the 
prices currently quoted by the 
jobbers as a whole. 

The introduction of com- 
puterized price displays ass- 
embling toe competing prices 
-of the rival market-makers 
does not alter this situation^ 

The prototype for this sys- 
tem is that used by the over- 
the-counter market (now 
Nasdaq) hi the United States. 
Originally this sprung up as an 
association of local brokers 
spread all over that- vast 
country, each providing a 
service to local investors in 
local stocks. Because of this, 
many of the OTG broker- 
dealers were in effect monop- 
oly jobbers in their own local 

Tracbtionally, too, com- 
panies which developed to the 
stage that they commanded 
national invertor interest re- 
moved themselves from the 
OTC market and tran s fer r ed 
either to the American Stock 
Exchange or to the Big Board 
(NYSE). : 

The introduction of the 
Nasdaq national price display 
system transformed the situa- 
tion. Local Nasdaq broker 
dealers can now transmit their 
prices across the country and, 
through feeder services such 
as Reuters Monitor, 

firms retreated from the floor last week sarpzfced many 

Leading companies such as 
Apple Computers are on 
record "as saying that in this 
context they see no advantage 
in transferring their listing to 
the NYSE. They already re- 
ceive all the investor exposure 
they require and some believe 
that the system of competing 
market ma k e s . on Nasdaq 
gives them gre at e r liquidity 
than the New Yoric system of 
concentrating aD orders at the 
one specialist's pitch. 

precisely to service a market 
Systran that had no focal 
trading floor. The question for 
London is Whether the adop- 
tion of a very similar system 
wfll cause the London floor to 
be deserted and wither away. 
On this point sharp dif- 
ferences of opinion between 
the rival potential market- 
makers are arising. 

Some, typically those who 
have linked themselves to 
merchant banks, brokers or 
overseas' banks who have 
important fund management 
or institutional client in- 
terests, beBeve that the core of 
their business will be with 
large professional investors or 
their agpnts, all of whom wfll 
be equipped with information 
devices such as SEAQ or the 
various proprietary services 
Which wfll fired from it. 

Such investors, it is 
daimpd l win prefer to check 
tiie price on their screens for 
themselves and to contact the 
market-marker of their choice 
either direct or through the 

mstirational salesman of a 

Others believe that such a 
system of screen-based, tele- 
phone conducted business will 

simply not be practical in aD 

Worries persist too about 
die new computer systems’ 
capacity to cope. 

For each firm the argument 
may be settled by the manner 
in which it controls its 

For the traditional jobber's 
dealer this was largely instinc- 
tive, just as it is for a busy 
bookmaker just before a big 
race. AD deals will be meticu- 
lously recorded and analysed 
after the event, but the dealer 
under fire in the front line will 
not try consciously to analyse 
this information as a guide to 
his derision rwfcfag - ‘ 

The new model scientific 
market-maker by contrast will 
record the deals as they are 
done directly into their com- 
puter systems which provide 
them with instantly updated 
records of their book po- 
sitions. of their net value and 
profitability . 

Also av ailabl e will be the 
prices being bid and offered by 
competing market-makers 
arid tire volume in the stock in 
the market as a whole. The 
price making process wfll be 
driven by infonnation and not 
by instinct The problem wfll 
be whether in every case the 
human mind will be able to 
accept and make use of all the 
infonnation available. 

Banks poised to open retail 


By Richard Thomson 

Buying shares is abort to 
become a great deal easier foe 
the ordbnuy small-scale inves- 
tor. The ripples from Big Bang 
wfll be felt rapidly in the for 
flung branch networks of the 
dealing banks where, if all 
goes according to plan, ef- 
ficient share baying services 
wfll be avafliMe to everyone. 

This may seem a somewhat 
surprising move by the batiks. 
Barclays, Lloyds, Midland 
and National Westminster all 
announced retail share deafiog 
services of one sort or another 
even before foey discovered 
whether their securities mar-, 
kets operations in the City 
were going to be successful. 

None m them is wflfing to 
mess pubtiefy how. long the 
investment: hi a retail share 
service wfll take to make a 
profit - or the sine of the 

Unquestionably, there is a 
desire to squeeze as ranch 
advantage and potential profit 
out of their move into the 
CSfyls securities mar kets — 
and passing on the benefits to 
their branches is a natural 
option for the clearing banks. 

In the past the banks offered 

to accept buying or seffing 
orders from personal cus- 
tomers, which they would then 
execute through City or total 
stockbrokers. Now they can do 
the whole operation under 
their own room, which gives 
them &r wider marketing 
possibilities- And they have 
the people to do it 

It ism accident that in most 

of the hunks, the people in 
charge of setting up the new, 
retail share services are from 
the stDckbrokhtg or jobbing 


Rolls-Royce, Britain’s rtate- 
owoed aero entire oimpany, 
has announced in Ktisbmgn 
that is confident of winning 
further multi-million pound 
orders in the United Stases for. 
fts all important Tay jet 

firms recently ucqnaed by 
each bunk. 

. . Brtft^MtovfaferTadi 
to offer a better share dealing 
service to retail xnstoniera te 
not due solely to the City 
revolution. Two other , trends 
have helped to pash them so 
rapidly towards offering B% 
Bang- related services in their 

One is file growth of wider 
share 0 wararste|%simired'On by 
privatization, witiiout which 
there would be little reason to 
•believe that marketing shares . 
mere heavily to the pubfic 

The other is the swing ra 
bunking towards offering more 
conumsBten and fee earning 
services. These are profitable 
and effective in attracting and 

ittuerunagly competitive at- 
mosphere of British hankiBg. 

The combination of forth 
and com nritme at being put 
into the new share services by 
some banks was summed up 
by Mr Garin Oldham, a 
toner Wedd Ptafocher part- 

Barclay's new operation, 
B*rdayshare. u Thi* is. more 
than jMt another bott-oa ser- 
vice. We are m arke ting this 
service heavfly because it ia a 
major part of oar strategy for 
the fetore” he said. 

NatWest estimates that up 
to 12 par cent of all share 
transactions each year are 
handled by the dotting banks. 
But those tend to be for very 
small amowuts and accomit for 
a tiny, pr oporti on of total stock 
market turnover. They wifi be 
worth even less to the brokers 
as commission rates laH after 
Big Bang, as the banks expect 
them to. 

So for Bardays appears to 
be- patting mere hope titan 
most into Kg Bug services 
for private cnsfnmers. It has 
set up Bardayshore as an 
independent broker, largely 
operating through branches. 
In the aid days, said Mr 
OUbam, customers tot their 
share deafing orders through 
their bunk branches. The or- 
der wa* passed to a stock- 
broker who executed it with a 
jobber and passed it hack to 
the bank. It was time consum- 
ing and expensive — the baulk 
would normally charge a han- 
dfing foe of its own on top of 
the nsul commission charges* 

“Big Bug allows ns toavoid 
aff these steps. The process 
should he simpler and 
cheaper. We ami to antama te 
the whole process, partly fay 
wring oar existing branch 
terminal network," he said. 

Mr Oldham said also that 
Bardayshare would not be a 
discount, cut-price brokerage 
serVice. Customers will receive 
a range of services inc lud ing 
the .boric dealing fodfity, 
share administration services 
to bundle the paperwork, ad- 
vice and research, price 
screens inside branches and 
monthly news letters. 

. The banks are missing no 
opportunities to offer services 
from which to earn fees. 

“Bardayshare is a broker in 
itself,” added Mr Oldham. 
“But Barclays de Zoete Wedd 
will provide the research and 
advice and wfll execute the 
dealing orders where 

customers. Later rathe year it 

wfll offer the more flexible 
share dealing service where 
easterners make their own 

NatWest fs taking things 
more cautiously. “Consumers 
wiD see tittle immed ia t e dif- 
ference at NatWest 
branches,” said Mr Nefl 
Stopfey, a Conner Fielding 
Newson Smith partner, now a 
director of Comity Securities. 
“We have reduced to 12 the 
■umber of brokers with whom 
we deal and in the long run the 
idea is to bring ell that 
business m-heuse. But that 
won't happen within the next 
two years.” 

It appears to be placing 
more hope in an upmarket 
share dealing service, 
Bntkeriine, Cm cus tom ers 
bolding a NatWest grid card. 
Bather than deafiog through a 
branch, cardholders can talk 
directiy to Behflngs. 

Initially, not many brokers 

Barkayshare will kick-off 
in January with a personal 
equity pm, pro vi d ing dis- 
cretionary portfolio admin- 
istration services to branch 

with small scale customers”, 
Mr Stapley said. 

The preMem, of course, is 
that although the cost of 
servicing foe small customer 
are high, big bang is likely to 
mean that the comnrissioas 
resulting from the business are 
lower. Lloyds was the first to 
announce n shared eating 
scheme, Sharedeal, and its 
cboorission rates are substan- 
tially lower. 

Ou a deal worth £400 undea- 
the old system, for example, 
the easterner would have paid 
£20 in coumtissions. Now 
Lloyds wfll be charging only 
£13. For a deal worth mem 
the charge drops from £158 to 
005. Tne rid £5 handling 
charge stays. 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

'the success of the Tay, in 
effect a njuu-veraon of tne 
RB211 turbo fen, i$ certain 10 
play a leading role m the 



Sir Frauds Tombs, has now 
been told that late April or 
early May next year « . ™ 
Govemmetif’s preferred tune 
for the ffie 

has ordered for delivery in 
J98& It has options on a 

USAfr,’ which Has survived 
deregulation of tbeTJS domes- 
tic airline system in recent 
years and has doubled to size 
since 1980^ has a -so-called 
interlining agreement with 
BA. This is based on USAir’s 
Pittsburgh hub and. gives. 'BA 
access to transatlantic pas-- 

Significantly, the launch 
customer for a new uprated 
version of Tay m the 
United States H USAtr, one of 
America’s' most coBWteDfiy 
profitable airlines, which has 


20 oewBikter 100 anfiners it 

routes covering lOOcittes in 
the US and Canada, ' 
Ironically, thcFolcker HXLa 
high technology, digitally con- 
ttoDed' 107-seater airliner, was 
ptrfetrtri by USAir to the 
Angto/US/SWedi5h 146 re- 
gional jet budt ’ by ‘ British 

• USAffS --exfientive vice- 
president, Mr Seth Schofield, 
said that thefoirr-engmed 146, 
whkh is. powered by Ameri- 
can made A vr*>Lycoimng en- 
0aet, ■^jobahly - has , two 

.seffing wdl rn the - US' .— 
particulariy for use at noise 

sensiti ve whan airports — US 
airlines dearly believe the 
146, known as the “whisper- 
ing jet”, would have a bigger 
market if.BAe offered a two- 
engined version. 

The Fokker 100 has been 
sold to Swissair and KJLM in 
Europe bat has so for not 
attracted any British airlines. 
It is built by an 
Anglo/Dutch/Gennan con- 
sortium with about 40 percent 
British content by value. The 
. wings are produced by Shorts 
of Belfast, the engines by 
Rolls-Royce and the fending 
gear by Dowty. 

British Airways has been 

exercise in ttieSs in a hid to 
attract American capital for 
jreat yeart share sate and has 
eznphas 2 ed the number of its 
international routes as well as 
its connections,, via USAir, in 

Mr Schofield said that 
USAir considered the Fokker 
100 to be the most technologi- 
cally advanced aircraft of its 

Trust not in company 
pensions from now on 

No firm will concentrate 
exclusively on the market 
Boor, nor has any yet said that 
it wfll abandon it altogether. 
However, the speed with 
which some firms retreated 
from the floor last week 
caused surprise. 

Warburg Securities, part of 
Mercury International Group; 
reduced its floor presence to 
only IS out of 70 traders. 
Others are thinking of follow- 
ing suit Chase Manhattan, 
winch owns the former stock- 
brokm Simon and Coates and 
Laurie Milbank. will decide 
this week whether to take 
most of its traders off the 
floor, leaving only a token 
team for the government bond 

The dual situation is in port 
a recognition of the fact that in 
an actively traded stock small 
buyers tend to match up big 
sellers and vice versa. As a 
former senior member of the 
Stock Exchange Council once 
said: “The institutions are tike 
a titter of piglets; when mother 
says ‘roll over*, they all roll 

over together". 

Some are seeking a solution 
by providing an automatic 
collating mechanism for 
small routine orders “at the 
market” whereby the client or 
his intermediary can record a 
deal by merely keying into the 
computer, leaving brokers and 
market-makers alike free to 
concentrate their minds on the 

The Stock Exchange is plan- 
ning such a system as an 
extension to the SEAQ price 
display system for introduc- 
tion in a couple of year’s time. 
Such systems are already in 
operation in New York, To- 
ronto and Nasdaq for all 
orders of 1,000 shares or less 
that are not the sublet of 

It is perhaps when these 
systems come to fruition that 
the future of the market floor 
will finally come into question 
as their availability will largely 
destroy the argument that a 
screen/telephone based sys- 
tem cannot cope with a flood 
of small orders. 

They will also put added 
strain on the market-maker 1 
who, ifhe turns his back on his 1 
screen for 10 minutes, foils to 
keep his price in line and may 
in consequence find , himself 
die recipient of numerous 
small orders which have been 
automatically booked to him 
by die computer on the basis 
of his published price. 

For die medium term at 
least the Stock Exchange plans 
to maintain the floor as the 
necessary focal point for foe 
traded options market. 

The author, a director qfDewe 
Rogerson, is expre&ing his 
own views. 

The case of Lord Hanson and the 
Courage pension fond is likely to to 
have proround long-term effects on 
saving for retirement. For it questions 
the mutual trust that lies at the heart 
of company pension schemes. 

The corporate pension industry has 
only recently reached the zenith of its 
influence and power through trans- 
forming retirement for millions, 
lobbying government, and investing 
assets that have grown from £20 
billion to £170 billion in 10 years. 

The fall was only a matter of time. 
The pension movement started 
among companies dug deep into their 
communities, whose owners thought 
their offices and factories, products 
and workers were there to stay. That 
era of stability is dead: now even the 
largest companies are vulnerable to 
takeover or competition. 

The more recent rapid spread of 
funds — stemming more from labour 
demands, legislation and tax reliefs, 
than earlier benevolence — brought in 
companies that could not offer the 
life-time commitment between capital 
and labour which suits the corporate 
pension system. For better or worse, 
few now envisage working lives being 
spent with one employer. 

Inflation, which shareholders had 
to meet as guarantors of final salary 
benefits, soon forced these companies 
to see their pension contributions as a 
controllable cost Recent research by 
securities group Hoare Govett found a 
long list of companies whose pension 
costs accounted for more than a 
quarter of pretax profits. 

No wonder finance directors axe 
paying ever closer attention to 
improving the investment perfor- 
mance of their funds. A new survey 
published this morning*, suggests that 
more than a quarter nave changed 
management in two years, reflecting, 
as the the report notes “realization by 
many finance directors that pension 
fund surpluses can have a more 
immediate impact on company assets 
than any of their other activities”. 

Healthy competition for fond busi- 
ness also puts pressure on investment 
managers to join the rush for short- 
term profits, for instance by seizing 
takeover premiums. Court judgments 
reinforced the trend by obliging 
trustees to maximise returns regard- 
less of ethical considerations — further 
undermining the aura of high-minded 
self-interest which earned pension 
funds their unique tax reliefs. 

These seeds of destruction for the 
cosy world of corporate pensions are 
now germinating fast on the rich food 
of fond surpluses, built up because 
inflation gave way to high interest 
rates and share prices and because 
millions left schemes through redun- 
dancy, losing any interest in surpluses 
earned on their savings. 

The pension industry successfully 

resisted attempts to use the surpluses 
to give a better deal for the majority 
who have lost or changed jobs or to 
equalize tax treatment of savings. But 
it cannot resist market forces. 

Many companies, perfectly reason- 
ably, reduced their swollen contribu- 
tions. When a few wanted to withdraw 
tax-free money from the funds, the 
Inland Revenue spotted a loophole. 
The 1986 Finance Act set a maximum 
5 per cent surplus. Anything above 
that had to be used to increase 
benefits, cut contributions or make 
fully-taxed withdrawals. In tandem 
with the threat of takeover for any 
company that does not squeeze the 
maximum return from assets, that has 
made every company look at its 
pension fund as an integral part of its 
flnancfiRj even though more than three 
quarters of funds include contribu- 
tions from employees. 

Tie scope is immense. Hoare 
Govett estimated that the surpluses 
are enough to give the average quoted 
company a five year contributions 
holiday and boost annual dividends 
by 28 per cent. 

Most big companies to act so for 
have thoughtfully divided surpluses 
between contribution savings and 
benefits. The publicity in the Courage 
case will persuade many more to stick 
to their bare commitments and pocket 
all the suxplus for shareholders. If they 
do not, a predator wilL 

The Imperial Group, of which 
Courage was part, took a traditionally 
benevolent attitude to its many long- 
serving employees. It voluntarily 
improved pensions for those already 
retired to mitigate inflation. It was 
taken over by Hanson Trust. And a 
study of Hanson by Hoare Govett 
suggests that removing surpluses on 
the Imperial funds could be worth 
£25-30 milli on a year to profits. 

Lord Hanson is now rethinking. 
The thought that a takeover raider 
with a swiftly passing interest might 
remove the surplus built up jointly by 
Courage and its employees caused the 
brewery workers particular anger. If a 
continuing employer takes out the 
whole of a surplus, employees benefit 
from the company's stronger finances. 

But one implication is the same 
whoever does the surgery.The idea 
that employees indirectly own their 
savings in a corporate pension fund, 
always suspect, is now untenable. 
That should be more effective than 
any advertising in persuading a new 
generation of workers, for whom 

company schemes will be optional 
from 1 988, to opt instead for personal 

* Pension Fund Management 
1986 -Published by City Research Asso- 
ciates at £60. Telephone 01-833-2681. 

Graham Seaijeant 

Financial Editor 


type and gave dear indica- 
tions that the company win 
convert the options it has to 
bay another 20 . of the aircraft 
into firm orders. 

Rolls-Royce has sold 540 
Tays, which are produced at 
Derby, and efoim it to be the 
meat successful engine in the 
company’s history at this stage 
of development, ft will replace 
the Spey engine, produced in 
the 19605 for aircraft such as 
the BAC-ll 1, the Trident and 
milit ary aircraft including foe 
Buccaneer fighter and 

Currently orders for the Tay ! 
stand at over £500 million and ' 
foe biggest has come from foe ! 
Gulfstream Corporation j 
which has ordered a total of | 
400 for its executive jet j 

Rolls-Royce has capacity to ! 
produce 18 Tays a month at I 
Derby and has said this can be | 
increased if demand continues i 
to grow. The development has j 
been funded from Rolls- j 
Royce’s own resources. i 

Sunday, October 26th, was Bus Deregulation Day 
(outside London). 

This simply means that there will no longer be 
unnecessary restrictions over starting a new bus service. 

It's a radical step so, naturally, it's one which comes 
with some conditions. But provided you meet those 
conditions and have safe and suitable vehicles, you can 

You don’t need traditional buses. A coach, a minibus, 
or even a taxi will do. Any vehicle, in fact, which meets 
the safety requirements for the job you have in mind. 

In order to register a new service, you will need a 
Public Service Vehicle (PSV) operator's licence, and 
you must have adequate maintenance arrangements. 
Whoever drives your bus must also hold a PSV driver's 

The Transport Act 1985 means that bus operators 
have much more freedom to run local bus services. 

A broad network of deregulated services has already 
been set up to meet consumer needs. 

But in this competitive environment, there are 
plenty of opportunities for new entrants. 

Perhaps you could find a gap in the current services. 
Outperform an existing operator on price and quality. 
Provide a service that’s more tailored to local needs. Or 
bid for a subsidised local authority bus contract. 

So long as you are within the safety and licensing 
requirements, opportunities are now there. 

If you are interested, complete this coupon and 
you'll be sent free booklets which will answer your 
questions in detail. 


To: Department of Transport, 

PO Box 78, Camberley, Surrey GU15 3DL. 



| Postcode. 

AppKct m Gnat Brian only 

1 •' 





Directors’ share sale raises 
company control questions 

Directors' shareholdings, both 
the percentage of stock held 
and the manner of its pur- 
chase and disposal can be a 
thorny issue. 

It is particularly important 
in the case of USM companies 
where the level of free equity is 
usually lower than on the 
main board and the directors 
often still own the majority of 
the equity in a company. 

Two recent instances high- 

light some of the problems, whole story. 

growth record in the previous 
three years on a prospective 
price earnings ratio of 16. 

Bad news sur&ced, how- 
ever, with the announcement 
that first-half figures for the 
ament year were down to 
£129,000 (£276,000). The de- 
cline was attributed to invest- 
ment ax the beginning of the 
year in additional personnel 
which temporarily has clipped 
profits but this was not the 

ATA Selections is a recruit- 
ment selection consultancy 
specializing in permanent 
personnel placements in the 
sales and electronic engineers 
sectors. It was floated in July 
1985 on the back of a good 

On October 22, a week 
before these figures, there had 
been an announcement that 
tire managing director and the 
finance director bad resigned 
and their 25 per cent holding 
had been placed. 

Assuming that the investors 
who took the stock were 
warned that the interim 
ures were not going to be 
it would probably have been 
better management of the 
market to combine the two 

iinnninw y m MiK 

It is, in any case, against the 
Stock Exchange’s Code of 
Dealing for directors to sell 
stock two months before a 
results announcement and it 
would seem to be feirer prac- 
tice to all shareholders if tins 
applied to former directors as 

The share price of ATA 

Ae^^es^but tire share price 
has subsequently re covered to 


B— Rstas% 

Clearing Banks 11 
Finance H oum 11 
|H ir« i im M i rtrnf I mh % 
Oversow Htafr 10ft Low fl 

BSs (Discount*) 

■ Authority I 

1 rrmth 11 K -11 
3iTWri 1114-11 
9 mirth 11S4-11 


Zirinft 1154-11 
fimntti 11K-11 
12fl«l 11K-11 

1 mnth 10«w-1Qa n i3nrth 11 K -11 
6imth 1Ufc.11 12 mb 11-IOJfc 



2 ninth 10»» 2 mnth 10>4> 

3 mnth I0*s 3mnSh t0 IB n 

Prim Bank BBatpiscount %» 

I mnth l0»u-l0An2mnth HHS-tiP 3 *! 

3 mnth 10»».1CP'»8iiWh 10>'»-10»jR 


1 mnth 11 “h 2 mnth 11 % 

3mnm n"B 6 rrmth ii*» 


Imnth . 

6 mnth 575-5.70 

3 mnth saO&TS 
12mth S3Q&85 



7 days 5 M ieh5% 
3nvth i 

i fi«w6»w 


Overnight open 10% dose 13 

1 weak 10 K- 10 X flmnth 11*w-11% 
imnth 10»».10% 9 mnth IUwII'm 

3 mnth li’u- 11 % 12 mth IIWII'm 

local Authority Deposits (%l 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

6 mnth 11 

3 mnth 11 
12mth 10% 


cal 6X-SK 

1 mnth 
cat S 4 

imnth «%4% 

6 rrmth 4 ,, w4>« 
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final s^'is 
cal 19-17 

1 mnth 3>nh3>M 
6 mnth SOn-iis 
can S%-4% 

1 mnth 4)4-4% 
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7 days 4V4K 
3 mnth 4*4% 

7 days 7%-7% 
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:£9706% received: 71% 

Last week: £9704% recatveti: 26% 

Avga rate: 21 0.5631 % last wk £100349% 
Nestweeic E100M reptaca 2ioow 


7 days 1 %- 1 K 
3 ninth 

7 days 4%-4 
3mmh 4K-4K 

Fixed Rats Starting Export Ftnenca 
IV Average rete re u^ rate tor 
period October B, 1966 to 
5l7 1966 inclusive: 11237 per 


The Royal Trust Company 
of Canada 

is pleased to announce 
that with effect from 
3rd November 1986 
its name will be changed to 


mm royal 
mm trust 


Royal Trust House 
48/50 Cannon Street 
London, EC4N 6LD 
Tel. 01-2366044 

Commercial Union House 
Albert Square 
Manchester, M2 6LW 
Tel. 061-8323033 

Royal Trust House 
12 Tacket Street, Ipswich 
Suffolk, IP4 1AY 
Tel. 0473-210618 

dose on Friday at 53p. 

Another instance of 
■ significant chfl u gp in control 
of a USM company through 
the directors’ shareholding be- 
ing sold occurred with 

This company to tire 
USM five years ago in July 

1981. It distributes deep freeze 
packaging and micr o w a ve 
cooking ware and during in 
lift as a public company its 
profit record has been volatile. 
But last year tire company 
enjoyed a strong recovery to 
make £231,000 (£75,000) pre- 
tax profit — its best year since 


The family owners of the 
business have now reached an 

age where they wish to retire 
flour active business li ft mmI 
consequently have sold 54 j 5 
per cent of the share capital of 
the company. 

Some of mb stock has been 
placed with institutions and 
25 per cent has been pur- 
chased by Mr Michael 
Moseley, tire chairman of the 
Jeyes Group, which was the 
subject of a management 
buyout from Cadbury 
Schweppes in March 1986. 

Although Mr Moseley does 
not intend to bid for the whale 
of the issued capital of 
Thorpac, the news of the 
management sent the 

share price soaring from 153p 
to 19(A). 

Id different cir c um stances it 
might not have been such a 
happy story and both ATA 
and Thorpac illustrate that 
where tire directors continue 
to own the majority of the 
shares in issue, the level of 
influence of the public 
shareholders in controlling tire 
company’s actions is more 
limited than in tire case of 
larger stocks. 

Isabel Uns worth 

The author is a member of 
smaller companies' unit at 
Phillips & Drew. 


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-4 10 Ul. 

37 30100 

Dairy Crest Foods: Mr 
Tony Oimpson has become 
director of the dairies' 

Revlon International (UK 
Branch): Mr Andrew Walker 
is tO be deputy managing 

Lazard Brothers & Coe Mr 
Roger Bexrre has joined the 
board as a non-executive 

Travers Morgan: Mr Pat- 
rick Ratrfiffe becomes direc- 
tor, business development 

MeDerware International: 
Mr Mike Wbeale has been 
named as marketing director. 

Valin Pollen: Mr Ron Fin- 
lay and Miss Alison Hn ^ aw 
have become directors. 

Conde Nast International: 
Mr Darnel Salere is to become 
deputy group chafTman and 
MrBeraard Leser president of 
the US company. Mr Richard 
Hill is to be managing director 
of the British company, Mr 
Glyn Stanford deputy manag- 
ing director and Mr Marie 
Boxer editorial director. 

Tempco Union: Mire Ivy 
Pearean is appointed business 
development director. 

Diners dub International: 
Mir Cefip Page has been 
named as vice- president, 
marketing establishments, 
Europe, Middle East and 

Prudential Corporation: Sr 
Trevor Heldswortfc has joined 
the board. 



We always like to keep our ears open for any comments 
you like to make on improving our services. Now 
we’ve made listening to you even easier 

We’ve introduced new equipment and telephone 
numbers into our main offices in London and Sheffield, 
which will enable us to deal more efficiently with your 
telephone enquiries and will allow you to dial directly 
to individual extensions in these offices. 

From Monday 3 November the new numbers are as 

Midland Bank pic. Head Office, 27-32 Poultry, 
London EC2P2BX. 

Midland Bank Trust Co. Ltd., Head Office, 

6 Threadneedle Street, London EC2R 8BB. 
Midland Bank Insurance Services Ltd., 

27-32 Poultry, London EC2P 2BX. 

01-260 8000 

Midland Bank pic, International Division, 

110 Cannon Street, London EC4N 6AA. 

Midland Bank Group International Trade 
Services Ltd., 120 Cannon Street; 

London EC4N 6AB. Ql‘260 6000 

Midland Bank pic. Group Treasury, 

Suffolk House, Laurence Pountney Hill, 
London EC4R OEU. 01-260 0600 

Midland Bank pic, Poultry and Princes Street 
Branch, London EC2P 2BX. 

01-260 7000 

Midland Bank pic, Head Office Sheffield, 
Griffin House, Sheffield SI 3GG. 


Midland Bank pic. International Division, 
Sheffield Operations Centre, Deacon House, 

Sheffield SI 3GQ. 0742-529000 


<£> Midland Bank pic. 1986 

TODAY - Interims: Asso- 
ciated British Foods, Oxford 
Instruments, Towngrade 
Securities, Tyson (con- 
tractors), WA Holdings. 
Finals: Bridport-Gundry, 
UDO Holdings. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Aberfoyie Holdings, German 
Smaller Companies Invest- 
ment Trust, GT Management, 
Grand Central Investment 
Holdings, Hoplrinsons Hold- 
ings, Newmarket Co (third 
quarter). Finals: Sheffield 

WEDNESDAY - faterims: 
Philips (third quarter), Shiloh. 
Finals: Berry Trust, F Cooper, 
Cramphom, Keystone Invest- 
ment Co. 

THURSDAY - Interims: 
Aquascutum Group, Britisb- 
Barneo Petroleum Syndicate, 
Burtonwood Brewery, 
CoIoroU Group, Delmar 
Group, Fleming Far Eastern 
Investment Trust, Gieves 
Group, Grampian Television, 
Helical Bar, H31 Samuel 
Group, Northern Securities 
Trust, Regalian Properties. 
Royal DutraFtetioleum (third 
quarter). Shell Transport and 
Trading (third quarter), 
Westbury, ' Windsmoor, 
Woodchester Investment, 
Yoridyde. Finals: Arenson 
Group, Daks Simpson, Five 
Cfeks Investments, GBC Cap- 
ital, Staffordshire Potteries. 

FRIDAY — bttdsc Grier 
ADen Holdings, Case Group, 
Goldberg and Sms, Health 
Care _ Services, Henderson 
Administration Gronp, 



Rca^ to bdp wrth | » *r prol il a m 


Fto 81-937 8335. 


is increased from H% 
to 12V%% per aouiaia 
wttfc effect from 
1st Novaaber 1986. 

Meathiy Payments are 
mtdnnged, unless 
and util notice is 
grvea to borrowers. 


41 BnbofagEte, LoackȣC2P2AA 





Adam & Compsw. 

QSo* Saringst- 
Consototed Crts. 
Co-operative Bank. 
C. Hon & Co 

Hong Kong & Stangtoi. 

LLoyds Bank 


Bank ol Scototd._ 

CftaiA NA; — — 

f MntpjgclKla. 

.11 m 








. 11 . 00 % 




The Bankof England announces that Her Maie 8 ty"sTr 0 i«ury has created 
on 3 1st October 1986. and has iwued to the Bank, atfcfaipnal a mount s 
as indicated of each of the folowring Stocks; 

£250 mSofl - 10 per cent CONVBtSTON STOCK. 1996 
£50ndBion 93 per cent CONVERSION STOCK. 2004 

£50mfflfan 8} per cent TREASURY LOAN. 2007 - 

£50 mflhon 2} per cent iNDBC-UNKB) TREASURY 

. -SrpcicaMi ' . 

The price pdd by theBanh antssue wssn eadi cesethentidde market 
price of the relevant Stock at 3.30 pjn. on 31st October 1986 ss 
certified by tha^Sovemmant Broket 
In addition. Her Measly's Treasury hes creeled on 31st October 1986, 
and has issued to die National Debt Co n w w ssidnersTbr prtJc funds 
under their man a gement, additional amounts as Ineficated of each of 
die foflowing Stocks: 

£150mBBon 11 per cent EXCHEOUHI STOCK. 1989 
£150nti6on 10} per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK. 1997 

bi each case, the amount issued on 31st October 1986 represents a 
farther tranche of the relevant Stock, ranking in til respects pari passu 
with that Stock and subject to the terms and condMone appficable to 
that Stock, and subject also to the provisfon contained in the fatal 
paragraph of tills notioe; the current provisions for Capital Gains Tax 
are described belowc 
AppBcation lies been made to the Councfl of The Stock Exchange for 
each furthe r tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List. 

Copies of rt» prospectuses for 101 per cent Exchequer Convertible 
Stock. 1989 dsted 22nd November 1985 (which contained the terms 
of issue of 10 per cent Conwersidn Stock. -1996). lOpercemVeasury 
Converta>le Stock, 1990 dated. I3tii January 1984 (which contained 
the temis of issue of :9} per cent Conversion Stock. 2004J. 8} per cent 
Treasury Loan, 2007 dated 11th July 1986and2J percent Index-Linked 
Treestay Stock, 2009 dated 19th October 1982 may be obtained at 
the Bank of England, New Issues. Wnfing Street. London, EC4M 9AA. 
The Slocks are repayable; wd interest- « payable hitif-yeerly on the 
dates shown below pn the case of 2} percent Index-linked Treasury 
Stock, 2009 provision is made n the prospectus far stockholders to 
be offered the right of sedy redemption under cmaki c i rcumstances): 


10 par cent Conversion 
Stock. 1996 

9}perdantCon* e ra * on 
Stock, 2004 

Redemption da» Interns payment dates 
ISthNovenber 15th May 
1996 . . ' . 15th November 

25th October- . 25th April 
2004 25th October 

8} per cantliaasury Loan, T9thJuiy2007 16th January 

2007 IBthJrfy 

2}percantlndex4inkBd 20thMay2009 20th May 

Treasury Stock, 2009 20th November 

lOper cent Conversion Stock, 1996.9} per cent Conversion Stock. 
2004 and 8i per cent Treasury Loan, 2007 are repayable at par. ' 
Both the principal of and the interest on 2 J per cent Index-Linked 
Treasury Stock, 2009 are Indexed to the General Index of Retail 
T '* C8S ‘ T |*J ndex relevant to any month is that published 
seven months previously and relating to the m o nth before the 
month of publication. The index figure relevant to the month of 
Issue of 2i per cent Index-Linked Treasury Stock. 2009 is that 
rsiating to February 1982 (3 10. 7):The retareht Index figure wffl be 
used for the purposes of calculating payments erf principal and 

interest due in respect of the further tranche of Stock. 

The retavsm Index figures for the Mf ys ady . fatere s t payments on 
2J per cent Index-Unked Treasury Stock, 2009 are as follows: . 

Relevant Index figure 

Interest payable PvbSahedkt . - Rotating to 

May Ocufoer of the previous year September. 

November April of the same yew March 

The farther tranches of 10 per pent Converehm Stock, 1996 and 
2J per cent Index-Linked lreasury Stock. 2009 have been issued 
on an ex-dividend basis and.wfll not rank for the interest pa y ment s 
<fae on 15th November 1986 and 20th November-1 96BrBspecrivaly 
on the existing Strides. The further tranche of 83 per cent Treasury 
Loan. 2007 wilt rank forthe interest payment of £3.7198 per cent 
due on 16th January 1987. The farther tranche of 93 per cam 
Conversion Stock. 2004 wB rank for a fufl six months' interest on 
25th April 1987. Official deaings fa the Stocks on The. Stock 
Exchange are expected to commence ojfMonda* 3rd November 

lO per cent Con v ersion Stock, 1996 and 83 per cent Treasury Loan, 
2007 wB be specified, and 93 per cant Conversion Stock. 2004 
and 23 percenrtodax-Uriked Treasury. Stock, 2009 are specified, 
under paragraph 1 of Schedde 2 to tin Capital GafasThx Act 1979 
as gflt-edged securities (under current legislation exempt from tax 
on capital gains, irrespective of the period for which the Stock is 

Government statement . . 

Attention is drawn to 'the st a tement . issued by Her Majesty's 
Treasury on 29th May 1985 which explained that, in the interest of 
the orderly conduct’ of fised poSc% "neither Her Majesty's 
Government nor the Bank of England or- their respective servants 
or agents undertake to disclose ax changes dedded on but not yet 
annduncecL even where -they may spec^cady effect the terms on 
which, or the conditions under which, these farther tranches of 
stock am faeued-er sold by or on behalf df the Government or the 
Bank; that, no responsibility can there fore be accepted for any 
omission to make such disclosure; and that such omission shall 
neither render any transaction liable to be set aside nor give rise to 
any daim for co mp e nsa tion. 

LONDON. . . . 

31st October 1988 



m „c mwiiv MAVFMnra 3 1886 W ismrs^rm« ig 

Patrick Knight on the sudden drop in Brazil’s trade surp,ns^ ' 

interim dividend 2p (same) on 1 
increased capital. Figures in < 
£000 for six months to June 30. ■ 
Turnover 11.937 (11,538), pm- ] 
tax profit 1 .521 (1,204), tax 61 1 1 
(418), earnings per sham 5.6p : 

chairman, Mr John Savilfc, told 
the annual meeting that the 
tmning of the Duport holding 
into cash bad substantially re- 
duced borrowings, and this 
would have a greater effect on 
operations in the second hai£ 

The directors were excited by 
the opportunities now and in the 
future, and they were confident 
of a further improvement in the 
curren t year. 

• REUTERS: The company 
has agreed to Instinct requests 
for more time to study die 
merger proposal and for a 
meeting with the company early 
next week. 

The board has declared an 
interim of 1.5p (nil) to provide 
shareholders with a spread of 
dividend payments. Figures in 
£000 for s ix months to June 30. 
Turnover 4,537 (5,395), pretax 
profits 601 (1,527V tax 198 
(649), earnings per share 2-7p 
(6.1V The board ays that the 
company is well placed to 
expand its activities from a 
sound base and looks to the 
future with confidence. 

/VUirCT 1 C. o hfluA 

• TENNECO: To permit addi- 
tional time for the anti-trust 
division of the Department of 
Justice to review the company’s 
proposed acquisition of Steiger 
Tractor, the waiting period will 
not end at midnight on Novem- 
ber 7. The company has ex- 
tended its offer for Steiger until 
midnight on November 7. 

• UK LAND: The company has 
agreed with Handley Page (in 
liquidation) and Eh Albans Dis- 
trict Council to acquire Gainey 

u c? (k, K ¥7*7 

jl quAVAv — o — — - 1 — ^ 

Slump that sets off alarms m 
ftcgs the world s banks gf ? 

most unnoticed as w .. ... _ . ^ K » ,.n to 30 oer per cent will be sold abroad tal they have bo 


W AIUU1 11V 

Figures in £lr000 for six months 
to June 30. Loss before tax 1S1 
(1003V tax 200 (149V loss after 
tax 381 (1152V loss per store 
OJp (1.4 V 

group said that it expects to list 
its common shares on the 
London and Frankfurt stock 
exchanges »nd on the major 
Swiss exchanges early this 


The company has acquired 
Canon SteeJyne, the steel bath 
producer. , 

• NOLTON; Dividend 0.65p, 
making l.2p (CL952p adjusted). 
Figures in £000 for 12 monthsto 
July 31. Group turnover 21,001 
(12,670), pretax profit 1,129 
(794V tax 398 (239V earnings 
per share 3.66p (6-23p). 

Year to August 31. Total drw- 

. - - paid. 

enue after 

The news that Brazffs mon- 
thly trade surplus fell by 
almost a fifth hi September 
passed almost unnoticed as 
bankers chew their wul s oyer 
Mexico’s request for S6 billion 
of new money. 

For the past three years, 
Brazil has been paying all the 
interest doe on its $ 100 billion 

debt, keeping up to date with 
other charges such as shipping 
and has had enough left over 
to add to reserves- 

Brazil has been able to 

cut agriculture's contribution 

As a result, exports are 
starting to fell oft while more 
imports are being sucked la 

To make things worse, 
investors have started to remit 
their profits out of Brazil, 
instead of reinvesting them as 
they did for many years. 

Moreover, the flow of new 

has soared by up to 30 per 
cent, as people went on a 

spending spree. 

A price freeze encouraged 
industrialists to continue to 
export to achieve the profits 
denied to them on the home 
market, where many Anns arc 
oow making losses. 

jumped to between 12 and 14 
per cent of GNP. 

Imports used to run at 
about 12 per cent of the 
country’s national product, 
per cent will be sold abroad they have been squeezed 
and some steels will have to be to half that- 

imported- The extra imports are 

Twenty per cent more cars mainly machinery for extra 
are being sold in the home production from new steel, 
market this year but motor ^ paper mills and 

industry export earnings will for new power stations 

be down by 20 per cent. apd oil refineries, required 
The same pattern applies to because existing plant is 
oaner textiles and chemicals, operating at or near capacity- 
m well as meat and other Machinery imports will cost 

foodstuffs. . about S3 billion this year, up 

As demand grows, Brazil 50 per cent. _ 

Top trade 
‘can help 

From Harry Debdios 

The debt problem of poor 
countries cannot be ' 
without keeping worid mar- 
kets open to their exports, the 
Fust International Conference 
of Private Business Associ- 
ations in Madrid concluded at 
the weekend. 

at oeiwucu uiujuu 

economy to grow, because ror j^on ayear, has almost dnea 

up and is likely to be only $70 

A wapfi rise of million this year. 

AWagenbCUi After feeing three years of 

8 per cent recession. When imports were 

was given to all - “ 

^ —===== BraziTs first civilian-led go*; 
size of imports. c_ ^ tr2< { e balance 

iSggfe* E35SS2 


ISete to £7.827 miffion: Profits 
were a record £65.5 mflhon, up 
by £27 million on 1984-85. 
Gross receipts from investors 
were £3,683 million and 
withdrawals £3,092 mil lion. 
Mortgage lending was a record 
£1,829 million, up 22 per cent. 
offer for Silbvan Industries has 
been accepted by all Sillivan 
holders, and has been jtedared 

ers of to 
stock on 

lose stocks. 

age deben- 
— price 
wk — 

size of imports. “so with tire trade balance 


2L?.K&a2 SSS 85 *® 

in^™ber,ri.e&atBMm aimed 

almost three years it has been Al ng inflati on 

w s s is tsa JHte-: 

likely to accelerate in the wage me of 8 per cent was 
months ahead, J* * ® nntimistic nsvcholon- 

UlUIiUU -- — 

economy is growing by more 
than 7 per cent this year, 
despite a drought which has 

nvcu iu on. _ . 

The optimistic psycbolojp- 
cal climate this created has 
been such that consumption 

Industrialists and 
bankers will 
come into conflict 

prevent imports being sucked 
in ever fester. , 

Particularly worrying is that 
ofl consumption will be up by 
about 12 per cent bis year. So 
ofl imports are creeping up, 
rwatfing the savings from the 
price fell much less than 

At the same nme, an export 
trade in surplus refined prod- 
ucts which earned about S2 
billion a year has all but 

^Last^year, Brazil exported 
about 40 per cent of the almost 
20 million tons of steel rt 
produced. This year only 20 


As demand grows, Brazil 
will import five umes as mireh 
food this year as in 1984, 
costing $2 billion. The 
drought played a part, but the 
drv weatheT has also brought 
record wheat crops, » wheat 
imports will cost $1 billion 
less than normal. 

5SS.SSS rSSfey" aiw-kSsSS 

°Macbmery imports will cost on proleoionism imd «>mg^ 

a 5 oT J " “ r ' UP — "St- 

MJ per com. ial and the Far East gave a 

Orders frpm debtor .we 

countries have beyond its means for long- 
collapsed recently BLSS 

of the principle economies 
If this is bad news for foe constitute a source of worid- 

As exports fell and imports bankers, it is good n^wsfbr 
rise, Brazil is in feet reverting industrialists in Brazil s crea- 
to its traditional trading itor countries. . 
pattern. Orders from big , debtor 

3Ep5 fo 6 r««nt yeag 

mSlmaJJy tarred more than new compeliuon from Brazil- 

"SS & 1 roo k si«r- 

S£S&r "t!r‘ IS ss rss 

■ ■gL"gg3S*SSM5S .riai^Ae for growth 

macroeconomic imbalances 
of the principle economies 
constitute a source of world- 
wide uncertainty, and at foe 
same time originate protec- 
tionist pressures.” 

In a message apparently 
aimed at foe United States 
and Japan- foe conference 
concluded that “The protec- 
tionist tendency of foe coun- 
tries which dominate world 
trade embodies a distortion in 
the efficient utiltzanon ot 
resources, underestimating 
the role of foreign trade as a 
mechanism for integrating 
domestic price structures in an 
international price structure. 


terhn dividend 2-425p 0-4pV 
payable on December 19, I gr 
half-year to June 30. Figu res in 
£000. Dividend and interest 
income 506 ( S29V re ntal manne 
562 (492V preax. -F™® 1 275 


to Jane 30 (figures m £0001 
Interim dividend Ip (»“*i 
Group turnover I7,38t 
(15,959V Divisional profits 


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3.10 5.1 2X4 
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BB 4.1 31.1 
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15 05 .. 

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25 25 347 
60 35 40.0 

BIB 55 275 
1150 45 3X5 

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45 26 4X3 
17.1 206 7.7 
35 XI 567 
150 45 .. 
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23 36305 

23 21 515 
1670 45 405 


••*... .7, ... v < ...... .• fc. v .. ..* 

V;’x, . '••■1 

* f, - \ 

Ujmover in the "Baded Options Market is doubling every ten months, 
new issues, gilts. ™ries and even move- ^ ^ miTC* 


w ml HMANGE 

. A -aA* ta 

Turnover in the Traded Options Market is doubling every ten months, 

high risks can find highly-P^able 
new . opp^n^ ofes contocts ta leading uk and overseas equities, 

new issues, gilts, currencies and even move- mTTT 1 

ments in the FT-SE index. AmArtT/ 

Fbr more information, please contact STOCK 

the Options Development Group, E'Yf'H ANCK 

The Stock Exchange, London EClN 1 HP. L ALllAll 

And to double-check the key facts. in prOgTCSS 

iust read the advertisement on the left. Aman*K****F ® 




from vour portfolio card check your 
eight shaic price movements. Add them 
up to give yon yonr overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 

E ublished on this page, if it matches you 
ive won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money sated- If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when cla imin g. 


z$4tL m Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began last Monday. Dealings end on Friday. §Contangb day November 10. Settlement day November 17. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous busuiess days. 

Where atoeki have only am price quoted, Hem am middle price* taken dafiy at 5pm. Yield, change and P/E am caicaMmf on tba middle prim 



Claims required for 
+S points 

Claimants shotdd ring0254-S3272 

No. Coopu} 

Mcnzin (John) 

Mercury Inti 

IEEE 2 Z 3 II 

Laing Prop I Property 

HESS 3 E 53 I 



lot Letsnrc 

Abboa Mead 

Radio C&W 

Newman Tonks 


Smith A Nephew 

Marshall (Loxley) 



IKZT 7 iI-Znl 

iE 55 EMj 

ldZa- 3^11 

i i ffi py i -Ttn 

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720 +7h 1M 2.1135 

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673 +6 EOS 75 675 

ao* ts 77 »« 

9074000 Audkxranie 

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1 +21 



1 +39 


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1 +183 154 

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Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £16.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


SHORTS {Under Five 

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Tran I0a% 1 

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Fund IW ' 
Trees tow 

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407* HTV N/V 
730m LOT Ajge 
37.1m Scot TV 
5531 500 W er TV 
S35n TbrtoHra TV 

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/x . ■ 


*• . _ ■ 

Television is celebrating its 50 th birthday. But 
the industry is facing unprecedented challenges 

Under siege for 

the big jubilee 

The BBC must be wishing that 
it was celebrating the golden 
jubilee: of British television at 
a happier time. EastEnders 
may continue to head the 
ratings but most of the pub- 
licity generated by the 
corporation these days has 
little to do with the success or 
quality of its programmes. 

Norman Tebbit has let it be 
known in no uncertain terms 
that he bolds the BBC guilty of 
sustained anti-Tory bias and 
intends to produce chapter 
and verse. 

The appointment of 
Marmaduke Hussey as the 
new chairman of governors 
has been widely interpreted as 
a move by Mrs Thatcher to 
bring the BBC to beeL 

A Panorama programme, 
alleging links between Conser- 

vative MPs and far-right ten- 
dencies, led to libel actions 
and a humiliating High Court 

AD this would not matter 
quite so much if the be- 
leaguered BBC (fitector-gen- 
eraL, Alasdair Milne, did not, 
every two or three years, have 
to go cap in hand to the same 
politicians who are so busy 
attacking him tO plead for tUl 
increase in the licence fe&So 
long as the BBC depe nds fig 
its income on a tax: authorized 
by tiie government of the day, 
it is doomed to be embroiled 
in political controversy. 

Mr Milne can take consola- 
tion from the feet that such 

pressure u nothing new. It was - 
a Labour prime minister, Har- 
old Wilson, in the 1960s, who 
brought in Lord Hill, as 
chair man, to sort out the 
corporation’s supposed anti- 
left bias. ’ ^ 

It was the Labour Party that 
complained about the sla nt o f 
the infamous documentary. 

Yesterday's Mm, 

. Bat r fffa’rimis between the 
BBC and politicians do seem 
to have readied a new low in 
recent years. __ 

A suggestion that the BBC 
should take advertising, a 

was tweeted by die Peacock 
Comnnttee. But calk for the 

BBC to be broken up. and the 

more“commerriaF areas stud, 
into private sector, have not 
abated. ITV has largely es- 
caped such controversy, not 
because individual pro- 
grammes have been less 
contentious but beca us e it s 
revenue comes from advertis- 
ing. Not having to go to the 
Government to make a case 
over a licence fee, it can 
manage to keep a lower public 

Viewers are happy because 
they perceive ITV as being 

“free” and the BBC something 

ft pays for. Of course, ITV is 
paid fix* as well bat only 
indirectly. Hardly anyone who 

tteenflonnecraraj.““ ^ j/iiwiv m he affected fer less existing system of sending 
. . . __ means snaranteed and run- is likely to oe ^ ouau-e j the air from 

buys a box. of disposable 
nappies costing £3-25 can 
realize that 47p of this goes on 
TV advertising. Even if they 
did, it would be difficult to 
Tiwtfft a connection with the 
quality of the programmes. 
ITV is not entirely in sulated 

from the outside world. 

means guaranteed and. run- 
ning a commercial station is 
hardly the licence to pnnt 
money that ft was in the early 
days-Also franchises have a 
limited life and the present 
ones come up for renewal in 
three years’s time. 

In the long run the future 

is likely to be affected fer less 
by the dictates of government 
than the power of technology, 
particularly cable and DBS 
(direct broadcasting by 

These developments have 
the potential to offer to the 

■ . tniwaCMl 

existing system of sending 
signals through the air from 
transmitter masts is, because 
of the shortage of wavelengths, 
not capable of being extended 
much beyond the four chan- 
nels we already have. 

But fibre-optic cables can 


mrtside world- in me ions niu ub iumuw 
A dverting is by no anictiniofTV in this country 


receive hi gb-powered DBS sig- 
nals, all that is needed is a 
dish-receiver the size of an 
umbrella. . 

When such systems make 
headway in Britain, the lin- 
ptications for the .e»sju® 
broadcasting authorities, BBC 
and ITV, are tremendous. 
With their audiences dimin- 
ished as viewers desert them 
for video and the new chan- 
nels, the BBC will be harder 
pushed to justify levying a 
licence fee, and nV will have 
more difficulty winning 

More than that, the pro- 
grammes offered by cab^jura 
satellite could force the BBC 
and ITV into completely re- 
thinking their schedules. The 
optimistic view of the new 

technologies is that they will 
offer healthy and mwk- 
needed competition to a BBC- 
ITV duopoly that has had 
things too cosy for too tong- 

The pessimistk: view i s that 
more wiD simply mean worse, 
with the bad driving out the 
good. _ 

Supporters of cable aim 
satellite like to make an 
analogy with the arrival m 
1955 of ITV. Not all ITV 
output was dross and. in any 
I racp, the competition boosted 
i the BBC, which demonstrator 
: that quality and large audi- 
, ences were not incompatible. 

1 As the cable and satellite 
- revolution looms, that seems 
to be the most comforting 
> thought. 

Peter Waymark 

Jewels in the 
TV sales game 

For British viewers Dallas, 
Dynasty, Hill Street Bines and 
other American programmes 
are the most tangible signs of 
one of television’s most im- 
portant developments: the 
trade in programmes. 

It is a global trade, domi- 

natod by & Am«cawjbrt 
with a considerable Bntah 
presence. Indeed, starting te- 
lay and during the week, 
programme bnyera* seBers, 

88 countries, m top tMgros^ 
fos programmes were Snerloca 
Holmes, Tderishm, LoaEm- 
^ The Jeml mtM Crown, 
Coronation Street, -End of 
Enwire, First Among Equals, 
Man and JHasie, Babnaa and 
ne Death of ite Mart. 

The attraction of the mte^ 

oational market to ITV was 
explained by the Fraoock 
Committee in this ways “They 
mv» an able to expkrit an 

US to cSaddc with the 50ft 1 - nipt «tms, dimttn, m- 

lie sauc w 

be judged from fig*** 

Peter Reevell ' 

Televisual Magazine 


* Britain’s nol company 

★Largest sales 

★Best equipment 

Since its formation in 1968 the name of Thames 
has become synonomous with c[uality television an 
commercial success. 

The combined skills of Thames programme 
makers have created many mflestones in television 
history, acknowledged by in excess of 190 aurads 
the world over and resulting in programme sales to 
more than 120 different countries. 

At home as well as producing programmes 
of specific appeal to its principal audience in the 
Londcmarea, Thames supplies more hours ofpro- 
grammes for the ITV network than any other 


the broadcasting industry is now heading into 
a challenging period of change and development. 
Sound, but enterprising, management, continued 
investment in the latest technology, and proven 
SSSents and professional skills in programme 

ss assL'sa 

confident that it wifi remain in the vangu-ra^u 

television mdustry throughout the next fifty years. 

306-316 Euston Road, London NW1 SBB.Telephone 01-387 9494. 


• ; ■* * h *"-e^r*£ir ‘ 




The first television 
service was started 

by the BBC from 
Alexandra Palace 

Alexandra Palace 
on November 2 1936. 
But it was not 
without problems. 

V ./>• ' 

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: ■ • 

1^1 • ’ v ; :■; . : v ; . . • 

Like the invention of the 
cinema, the coming of tele- 
vision was not the work of one 
man but the convergence of a 
range of technical develop- 
ments by several people in 
several countries. 

What is beyond dispute is 
that the television service 
started by the BBC from 
Alexandra Palace in North 
London on November 2, 
1936, was the first in the world 
to transmit regularly and use a 
high definition (405-line) 

To begin with, the BBC 
broadcast only two hours a 
day and programmes were 
seen by the few hundred 
people, all in the London area, 
who were wealthy enough to 
afford sets. 

Early television receivers 
cost about £100, or as much as 
a small family car. Only 
20,000 sets had been sold 
when TV was suspended with 
the outbreak of the Second 
World War. By then, however, 
the new medium was starting 
to show its potential 

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The Coronation 
in 1937 was seen 
by 50,000 viewers 

I'Uj’iiir ' i 

seen by 50,000 people up to 63 
miles away. Other outside 
broadcasts included Wimble- 
don, Len Hutton's 364 at the 
Oval and C. H. Middleton, 
one of the first TV personal- 
ities, at work in the garden. 

The best-known, but the 
saddest, of the pioneers was 
John Logie Baird. He was the 
first man to produce a 
convincing television picture 
and his tireless publicity 
helped to bring a public 
service into being. 

His tragedy was that his 

the Euro 

( ! a 

mechanical system proved 
dearly inferior to the rival 
electronic method developed 
by Marconi and EML 
Television re-started in 
1946 with the same Mickey 
Mouse cartoon it had been 


fc.v* ■ -«« 

we I MHg lS 


showing when the service 
closed down six years earifer. 

Sylvia Peters, Mary Malcolm 
and McDonald Hobley, 
immaculate in evening dress, 
were the programme 
announcers. ' 

May 1937 the Corona- The Olympic Gaines were 

was extended to the Midlands, 
Wales and Scotland. In Au- 
gust 1950 came the first live 
transmission from the Conti- 

A decisive boost to tele- 
vision came with the Corona- 
tion of Queen EliTaheth n in 
June 1953. After some mi$giv- 
ings in Buckin gham Palace 
and Downing Street, cameras 
were allowed into West- 
minster Abbey and the audi- 
ence — more than 20 million — 
for the first time exceeded that 
for radio. 

‘s' l 

geaeraL l«t, one of the ▼Ktrexs Jnst sreht of sport m aetkm 
was Len Hnttmt’s 364 ct The Oral ia 1^37. When tele virion 
re-started ra 1946 Sylria Peters, above left, and Mary 
Malcolm were two of the programme aanoencers 

The number of licences rose 
from 250,000 in 1950 to more 
than three minimi in 1954. 

The BBC monopoly lasted 
until September 1955 when 
LTV came on the air, paid fin 
not by licence fees but by 
advertising. Lord Rdth, the 
BBC’s Calvinist former direc- 
tor-general likened the advent 
of commercial television to 

the spread of bubonic plague; 

To the BBCs consternation^ 
the independent c ompanies, 
which generally offered a 
brasher, less stuffy and more, 
lowbrow service, soon cap- 
tured more than 70 per cent of 
the audience. . 

To its credii the BBC hit 
back with programmes that . 
managed to combine quality 

with wide popular appeal 
Tonight, sharp, slick and often 
irreverent, set the tone and the 
only 1960s, under a notably 
liberal and innovative direc- 
tor-general Hugh Greene, can 
be seen in retrospect as a BBC 
golden age. . 

This was true in comedy 
(Steptoe and Son, Till Death 

Continued on facing page 

A danger for television in 
the late 20th ceatnry, feh 
particularly by pabtie-serrice 
broadcasters, is that the mer- 
gence of new media such as 
sa te lli t es, along with inter- 
national media moguls and 
conglomerates, repre sents a 
threat to politically ftmded 
television and to £mopean 
cultural standards. 

This i s finding expression is 
consortiums of broadcasters 
who are intent on making 
programmes that endorse 
European as opposed to 
American values. 

In this country Channel 
Foot has joined forces with 
five broadcasters: Antenna 2. 
ORF (Austria), RAI (Italy), 
SRG (Switzerland) and ZDF 
(West Germany) in the Earn- 
pean Co-Production Con- 
sortium. . 

Work is under way on three 
dramas, one of which explores 
European space research. 

Some have already dabbed 
this kind id programme-mak- 



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on their £100 sets 


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fSW^ % 

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8 _4£K?> 

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Should the 
BBC take 
the money? 

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^::^i^.,^sv '' : .; ;'r'' ..a' ' £2 # > ■' 

From being page 

Us Do Pan), drama (Cathy. 
Come Home and others in the 
Wednesday Play series) and 
satire (That Was the Week 
That Was), while Z-Cars gave 
a new realism to the crime 

Steptoe attracted audiences! 

of up to 22 milli on people and 
gradually the BBC climbed 

back to a ratings parity. 

Two c hannels became three 
in 1964 with the launch of 
BBC2, which survived a disas- 
trous opening night when 
hardly anything worked to 
become a respected launch- 
pad for prestige offerings like 
The Great War t The Fbrayte 
Saga and Kenneth Clares 
Civilisation. . 

BBC2 also pioneered the 
introduction of colour, which 
started in July 1 %? *u*d 
spread to BBC1 and ITV in 
November 1969. . 

The other main technical 
advance of the 1960s was the 
Telstar satellite, which made 
possible live transmissions 
across the world. Satellite 
technology was used for big 
international sporting events, 
like the football World Cup 
and the Olympic Games, ami 
for the first landing on the 

moon. . . ■ 

The fourth channel was 

awarded to ITV and opened m 

1982 as Channel Four. Alto 
initial derision over its small 

The controversy’ about how 
television should be finpajJ, 
so thoroughly aired in the 800 
or so submissions made to the 
recent Peacock committee, 
hinges on the theory that they 
who pay the piper may also 
rail the tone. 

Unease about the prospect 
of complete deregulation is 
reinforced by early broadcast- 
ing history which is peppered 
with swindlers and quacks 
who could ply their wares m 
complete safety to wide audi- 
ences across the airwaves. 

In Britain, a shortage « 
wavelengths led to the re- 
quests made by big store 
groups and national news- 
papers to operate individual 
broadcasting stations being 
refi^dinfoe early 1920s. 

That shortage also daadea 

“ This would be too high a 
privilege to give a few big 
advertisers at the nsk of 
lowering the general standard 
of advertising.” 

This for-sighted recognition 
of the likely problems later 
helped the Independent Tele- 
vision network to avoid many 
of the difficulties experienced 
by Continental counterparts. 

Under the UK system, 
commercials are restricted to 
an average of six minutes per 

hour. _ . 

These breaks are inserted 

within and between pro- 
grammes but separated non 
them so as to avoid “inte- 
grated plugs” such as a pre- 
senter interrupting a nun 
about Lady Hamilton to sug- 
gest that she would have been 
a happier woman if she nad 

'■“Z* \ 


British top-raters: The 
EastEnders family and 
Roland Rat 

audiences, it settled into a 
valuable outlet for minority 
views and interests as well the 
test television showcase for 
classic movies. . 

Breakfast television arrived 
in 1983, with the BBC’s 
Breakfast Time coming on the 
air days before the rival 
offering of a new company, 
TV -am. 

Starting with the admirable 
intention of presenting senous. 
news analysis through sum 

luminaries as David Frost and 

Angela Rippon, TV-am was 
forced by poor audiences to 
revert to a more popular 
format that included Roland 

Rat and rock videos. 

Meanwhile ITV was not 
only edg in g ahead in the 
ratings but also trumping the 
BBC in its traditional area of 

strength, the classic series. 
While ITV screened 
Brideshead Revisited and The 
Jewel in the Crown, the BBC 
countered with a downmmlcet 
American import. The Thom 
Birds. _ 

The Thatcher Government 
let h be known that this, was 
not what it expected of an 
organisation soaring a big 
increase in the licence fee. ! 

To boost its audience foe 
BBC brought in a former ITV 
executive and master of pro- 
gramme scheduling, Mi chae l 
Grade. His early evening strat- 
egy was three helpings oi 
Terry Wogan and two of a new 
soap opera, EastEnders , 
which after a modest start 
overhauled ITVs long-run- 
ning Coronation Street and 
went to foe top of the charts. 

British television, for all its 
shortcomings, is widely re- 

report of this committee - u* 

first of many such inquiries— stance, 

stffl has relevance tod ay. 

It said: “In newspaper 
advertising foe small ad- reque 
vertiser as well as the big gets must 

his chance, but this would not the f 

be the case in bro adcas ting- queue 
The time which could be advert 
devoted to advertising would of gc 
in any case be very limited, screen 
and therefore exceedingly In 
valu able ; and foe operating 
authorities who would want 
revenue would naturally pro- 
fertile big advertiser who was and 

ready to pay highly, with foe advi 

result that only he would get a are 

chance of advertising. each 

Even its detractors might con- 
cede that it is the least worsL 
As it moves into its second 
half century, the prospects 
include bigger screens, pic- 
tures as good as foe best 
cinema film and 3-D. Cable 
and satellite wffl greatly ex- 
tend foe choice of c hanne l s . 
But foe challenge for pro- 
gramme makers will be the 
same, to enrich foe medium 
and extend its possibilities. 

Peter Waymark 


deliberated. , . . - 

The licence fee which is 
used to finance foe BBC is 
difficult and expensive to 
collect. It also bears more 
heavily on lower income 


The mam drawback to 
advertising is that there may 

auvdu 3IU6 » j 

not be enough to go round. 
The mixed financial fortunes 

' - : 


ine miAcu u iwm - ™ ~“Ti 
of foe three new commercial 
services — the S4C Welsh 
Channel, Channel 4 and in 
particular foe TV-Am break- 
fast television company 7 
shows that TV advertising is 
by no means an automatic 

licence to print money. 

Professor Alan Peacock: 800 The IS regional contractors 

submissions to’ committee have also had patchy expen- 

The four contractors in 

-h i London and foe South-East, 
I Thames, London Weekend. 
I TVS and Anglia - account for 
I about a third of foe population 
I but take nearly bait the total 

I advertising revenue. 

I However, there are, two 
I fectors which are likely to 
I influence foe politicians to 


ITV revenues up 
by 20 per cent 

Television is changing and 

L / ^li.nniniTluifh ffl 

. -* , 


CentraJ is changing with it! 
But in the future, as nt 

But in the future, as now 
our priority will be to sustain 
the highest quality of 

pm ^^star^ards have a! ready 
been set In drama with 

ULn C nmfhff 

i y 

the frontiers of satirical humour,ananow nominal** 
for an International Emmy, for the third time. 

Currently in production. The Bretbafeofeeas 
Central i hJlmark of excellence Co-produced with 
Mobil this major thirteen-part drama seres will be 
shown in 1987 on both sides of the Atlantic 
ShCf A > sua£Ssful future depends not only onmah^ 
nudity programmes, but also selling them. Tha^why 
Si opening an office in New Yak, a springboard 
into the largest single market in the world 
excellent base from which to promote our catalogue 
of 500 hours of programming , . 

iiiA, ««■» nhva mator role in future broaocasi 

f m 

our Investment in Brit aids film heritage 

\ J 5 * a 

•' ; .«*,?}?£■ > 

through the acquisition of die Korda film libn 
to widen our international business 

At home, where a £2m expansion of our 
. . ,v _l ,a\~- fc 1 mtiPtwi vj. our news 

nromrnmesare watched try me 

• i.: .^."j.'zfirr 

invpun ^ 

• ■ ■Ji'itp.. 

i'. 1 * >. ■* 

' I. 1 -. 

investment in future talent have setupuma 

^ture AndthatS something for whidi we beTieve 
we're more than ready 

our faith in the 
we believe 

: i' v ^ 

Cental House. 
Broad Street 
Birmingham Bi2Jf! 
7 H 021-643 989& 



Television Centre. 
Nottingham NG72NA. 
73 0602 863322 

35- JS Portman Square. 
London WW 2HZ- 

discard. . the P Ie ® s . 
vulnerability made by ITV ! 

contractors. , . 

The first is foe boom in 
spending, which kept on now- 
during foe eariy 1980 s 

1 1 £408 million m 1979 to 
IS million in 1984. 

is estimated that ITV 
■nues will be up by wdl 
r 20 per cent in the first 
“ of 1986 compared with I 
same period last year and I 
:by December foe total for I 
year will top £I,JW I 

Boil . j 

he second consideration m 1 
port of foe pro-ad verusmg I 
by is foe views of adverns - 1 
themselves. I 

)ne of foe most influential I 
tese is the Mars Group. In I 
horoughly researched sub - 1 
ision to foe Peacock I 
mmittee Mars un-l 
uacteristically enter^ the l 
blic arena to argire m fevour I 
the acceptance of ads on tne s 

tC. I 

Mars produced data show- 1 
» that TV advertising costs I 
ve increased almost twice as I 
st as foe retail pnees of its l 
m products and said that 1 
jy through “true com - 1 
tmon foal foe mcentivei 
ists for competitive pricing I 
■ real improvements in 1 

IdoSver, foe BBC itself! 
ould gain from foe overall 1 
1 crease in funds available to I 
, fiom greater independence I 
om political pressure, and I 
■om becoming more cost - 1 

onscious. . . 

The two remaining metnoas j 
f financing debated by foe I 
»eacock Committee (and also 1 
iy many of its predecessors) I 
xe sponsorship and a pay-as- 1 
■ou- view subsen ption system. I 

Sponsorship has been avail- 1 
Me since the early days of 1 
broadcasting, but has neve 
jroved very popular «aptl 
for some sporting and cultural I 
ueas. Pay TV, which also has I 
been tried in the past, is I 
regarded as having much 1 
more potential, particularly I 
for cable-based broadcasting, I 

but not until tire 19WS. I 

Direct broadcasting by sat- f 
dlite is already reachmg sev- 
eral million homes across 
Europe. , . , 

Augmented by cable this 
mesmsthat old arguments of 
shortages of wavelengths wifl 
very soon no longer apply atm 
former cosy moiropohes 
have to fight for a hvehhood, 
whatever foe pundits say. 

Patricia Tisdall 








dish: not 


pie in 

the sky 







No less than half of Europe's satellite television 
channels are distributed by BTL 

In fact, for anyone wishing to reach the small 
screens of both Britain and the Continent, we’re the 


natural partner: 

Quite simply, nobody else has a better under- 
standing of the cable/satellite industry's needs. 

And nobody else has invested more to ensure 
these needs are met 

Two years ago, for instance, we built the 
London Teleport, giving new channels access to the 
whole of Western Europe. 

at took us just 5 months from foundation stone 
to first transmission.) 

And we demonstrated the potential for SMATV, 
even before the Government ruled in its favour 
It's only two and a half years since the first 
channel began commercial t ransmiss i o n . 

Today we’re helping them and 7 others reach 
millions of homes all over Europe. / S*SSSS3 \ 

Fast work, by anyone's standards. ffiTI) 

And we’ve hardly even started. 


We are now so accustomed to 
the use of satellites for die 
interchange of TV pro- 
grammes, lor communica- 
tions circuits, and even for 
onage purposes that it is 
easy to nnget that it was only 
in the late*l940s that Arthur 
C C3ark first suggested foe 
feasibility of the “geo- 
stationary*’ satellite, on which 
onr co maunncrti ons A ygyl- 
daik realized that at one 
particular height (more tfom 
22,000 miles above foe earth’s 
surface) the speed of rotation 
necessary to keep the 
in ortrit matched foe un gnipr 
rotation of foe earth, so that, 
from the point of view of an 
observer on foe ground, the 
satellite would appear to be 
stationary in the sky. 

His proposal was for three 
such satellites to be placed in 
position equidistant about foe 
equator, thus covering foe 
whole of the earth’s circum- 
ference. By establishing suit- 
able transmitters and 
receivers on the satellites and 
on foe groond, means would 
exist for wodd-wtde commu- 

It is these satellites we refer 
to when we discuss satellite' 
technology in a television 

Now of course we have been 
using satellites for the inter- 
changeofTV pr o gram mes for 
several years. We have bo- 
come accustomed to watching 
a Test Match in Australia live, 
or a news broadcast from foe 

' It .is possible even to buy 
over the counter from your 
local high-street shop a receiv- 
ing dish »nd foe necessary 
“made box" to receive at 
home many of the European 
programmes which are avaiP 
able, for under £2,000. So you 

may well aslr: “What’s new”? 

What’s new is the concept of 

direct satellite broadcasting 
(DBS), a system for transmit- 
ting program mes direct to foe. 
home with a minimum of 
special equipment. Existing 
satellites are intended for use 
with professional equipment 
and elaborate earth stations, 
with sensitive (and therefore 
big) reoeiving dishes. 

Since they provide many 
services, such as data commu- 
nications, telephone folks and 
so on as weu as television, 
weight and power consump- 
tion are important consid- 
erations, so that the 
transmitters are lowfiower. 

The programmes transmit- 
ted are intended primarily tor 
reception by cable networks 
for onward delivery to the 
viewer, and hence, many of 

them are "scrambled” to pre- 
vent their access . by un- 
authorized viewers. 

The DBS on the othe r han d 
will employ higher-powered 
transmitters, so that a simple 
Hfeh, i Sin. or less in diameter, 
will suffice for perfect recep- 

AS countries have been 
allocated a certain number of 
channels, and in the UK the 
IBA has been given the 
responsibility of choosing the 
contractor who win provide 
three channel Submissions 
have been made to the IBA, 
and it is hoped that an 
announcement can be made 
next January ^ rha» trans- 
missions will brain in 1989: 

Peter Granet 

Putting Britain in the DBS picture 

Britain has advanced plans for 
DBS broadcasting and so has 
Ranee, West Germany, Ire- 
land and Luxembourg. 

From the leerin g point 
of view, probably the most 
exciting aspect of DBS is that 
foe opportunity has been 
taken of changing the 
“coding" system of colour 
transmissions. In all cn rrp n t 
systems, such as PAL, NTSC 
flriri SECAM, the black-and- 
white picture (luminance) and 
the colouring information 
(chrominance) signals are 
transmitted simultaneously. 

This gives rise to various 
forms of distortion, in particu- 

lar a patterning on the screes, 
and cross-colour, where cer- 
tain finely pariented black and 
white pictures “fool" the re- 

bit mere 


the BBC has 

produced its best 


over the 

past 30 years? 

We think not For the first 20 years they had the field to 
themselves. Although kept short of funds by Big Brcnher Radio 
in the early days. BBC Television laid some firm foundations 
and made a little go a long way. 

Then rrv arrived. Suddenly, television came to life People 
began buying sets. The audience soon quadrupled. The quality 
of programming improved across the board, spurred an by 


V\fe make television 
worth watching 

competition for excellence, not competition for the same 
source of revenue. The two sendees in combination brought 
Britain the finest television in the world. 

The BBC was the pioneer, its record and its reputation are 
unique. There is no group of broadcasters against whom we 
would rather pit our wits and our abilities. 

We wish them well for the next hatf-centuiy. 


ceiva- into thinking that col- 
our information is present 
In foe multiplexed analogue 
component (MAC) system to 
be used in DBS and its 
variants,tbese two compo- 
nents , himiTumre and chro- 
minance, are transmitted 
separately, and recombined 
in the receiver, avoiding the 
spurious effects and giving a 
much-enhanced display. 
Room has been found m foe 
signal for several stereo sound 
channels, so that multilingual 
transmission become posable. 
In fact the MAC system is seen 
by many people as foe 
“evolutionary*^ approach to a 
full high-definition system. It 
will not be necessary for the 
viewer to buy a new receiver. 
The receiving dish will be 
neeefed, as will a Made box to 
receive foe very much higher 
frequencies employed by sat- 
ellite tr amonipo n ns ft) decode 
the MAC signal and, initially 
at least, to convert tins to the 
local colour standard (PAL in 
foe UK and most i>f Europe) 
and to modulate a spare 
channel for feeding into foe 
aerial socket in die receiver. 

This will enable foe viewer 
to receive all the DBS chan- 
nels available. 

When regular TV trans- 
missions stated in 1936, the 
designers chose a picture com- 
posed of 405 horizontal lines, 
and 25 frames a second, 
knowing that it was not at foe 
time possible totake frill 
advantage of the system's 
potential. The Japanese have 
proposed a standard of 1,125 
horizontal lines, at a field rate 
of 60 a second (30 frames, 

each consisting of two fields 
interlaced) and a picture as- 
pect ratio of 1 6 horizontal to 9 
vertical, or very nearly the 
Cinemascope aspect ratio of 
2:1. The picture is snberb. But 
the capital cost of roeqnip- 

local transmission standards. 

However the Interim Work- 
ing Party (IWP) cm Standards 
was instructed al tire plenary 
meeting of the International 
Consultative Committee for 
Radio in Dubrovnik this year 

ping all the world’s TV star to agree and submit within the 

tions will be immense. 

Proponents of the Japanese 
system for general distribution 
suggest that there would be 
enough people prepared to pay 
for the great improvement to 
.make it a viable proposition, 
but this would probably result 
in delaying the adoption of a 
worldwide standard. This has 

been called foe “revolutionary 
approach”; ie, n,, ‘ 

present systems and 


Big reservations 
about the system 

Mort experts, particularly in 
Europe, seem to favour the 
“evolutionary approach”, de- 
fining first a high-definition 
standard for foe origination of 
programmes, which can be 
“down-converted” to national 
transmission standards, 
allowing each administration 
to take one or two steps 
towards HDTV at a time, 
leading eventually to a univer- 
sal high definition Systran. 

Strong reservations have 
been expressed by those coun- 
tries (75 per cent of the world) 
whose systems are based on a 
50-field (25-frame) a second 
rate a bout the suitability of tlte 
proposed Japanese system 
a 6tf fi 

next two years a standard for 
programme origination which 
would overcome these 

It is in foe field of down- 
conversion to local trans- 
mission that tiie MAC system 
is seen as making its greatest 
contribution. For example, by 
sacrificing some of foe stereo 
soqnd signals available it is 
possible to transmit addi- 
tional picture information, in 
particular information about 
the left and right hand sides of 
a “wide screen” picture. 

A “nonnaP MAC reoeiver 
would disregard this addi- 
tional information, and dis- 
play only the standard format 
4:3 aspect ratio picture. 

Using modem techniques of 
storage and interpolation the 
more advanced receivers 
could synthesize additional 
lines, increase the frame dis- 
play rate, minimize “flicker” 
and display a wide-screen 
picture, all without rendering 
obsolete existing MAC receiv- 

based on a 60 field a second 
rate for down- c onvers i on to 

Thus, people prepared to 
pay for an enhanced picture 
could obtain it without 
penalizing thorewifo different 

The first priority is to 
decide the world-wide origina- 
tion standard, and to re-equip 
studios for this. pQ 

Of all the “new 

industries foe Government 
professed to be so keen to 
promote, cable TVhas had by 
far foe most chequered his- 
tory. ■ • 

The Home Office fasaed 11 
pBot licences in November 
1983, each covering an area of 
shout 100,009 homes, but to 
date only seven are operating. 

Despite this slow start a 
farther 11 Kceaces have bees 
awarded by the Cable 
Authority, bat none of these 
franchise holders is running 
yet, atthoqgfa two are due to 
brunch a service this autumn. 

Why, foes, has -cable been 
so slow to take off in the UK, 
compared to foe United States 
(where the pene trat ion rate is 
over 50 per cent) and parts of 
Europe snch as Betehun (more 
than 80 per cent), and foe 
Netherlands (70 per cent).? 

First of all, hi die US, foe 
cable systems tend to be 
cheap, consisting of wires 

The cable 
may be on 
line at last 


J in the ground as in foe 
UK. And they are designed to 
deliver entertainment at a low 
cost rather than being a 

dram — less than 5 per cent of 
cable systems in the US are 

In foe Netherlands and 
Belgium the e xte n si v e cabling 
work was done to the 1960s to 
link fames to a radio network 
System, and the capabilities of 
these systems are also ex- 
tremely Baited. By contrast, 
the talk in the UK dming the 
early stages of cable was all 
about new technology and foe 
two-way potential of cable, 
with**inter-active sendees” 
such as telephone, home bank- 
ing, home sbopppina, video 
~ rearing and database ac- 

But the cable services tint , 
are on offer consist of 
entertainment: movies, 

children's programmes, fight 
estertaiBBkOit, sport, news and - 
a bit of arts prog rammi ng 
thrown m far good mearare. 
What has happened to foe 

dream — 

virion ofSrired city”? 

Th e first trig problem whs 
that in the eany days it was 
simply not possible to show 
that the technology would 
wo ricJBri tfah Telecom reacted 
quickly to what it saw as a 
potential threat to its business 
and made itself mote efficient, 
offering a wider range of 
business services. 

Then there is the sheer cost 
ef instaffiag a cable network. 
Each franchise area costs 
abort £30 million to cable; to 
caWe the main UK population 
centres coaid cost £3 
bOKon-The Government has 
ramie it dear that it fa not 
prepared to foot the (rill - 
indeed is foe 1984 Budget it 
even removed foe tax breaks 
that would have encouraged 

- Its attitude seems to be that 
it is ap to the private sector to 
torn the dream into reality, bat 
the ris k-averse CStj will nob 
invest in cable unless its 
sabcesscan be demonstrated. 

That success win not hap- 
pen without extensive invest- 
ment, and adequate , rates of 
return wfll be generated only 
when cable systems are faffirt - 
iag the fraction for which they 
were originally intended: 
communication networks fort 

include entertainment rather 
than fast an alternative means 
of delivering TV programmes. 

Yet foe news abort cable fa 
■orteans bad. In fret, given 

e. difficult rircumstasces fa 

which it finds itsdt foe statis- 
tic*. nake encouraging 


Penetration rates (foe 
percentage of-homes ca pn^ 

of receiving cable that actnally 
subscribe) have shown a 

marked recovery during 1986. 
Having reached a low. of 12B 
per cent In November, 1985, 
foe rate had risen to 14£ per 
cert by April 1, 1986, and on 
July 1 stood at 1&4 per cent 
' with ovesr a million homes 
passed and 172^05 connected. 

Second, a recent s m i ey by 
AGB Cable and Viewdata 
showed that in hoesebolds 
connected to a cable system, 
39 per cent of viewing time fa 
on cable channels. 

The holders of the East 
London franchise were 
successful in September in 
raising £18 nriflion to 
their cable network in New- 
ham and Tower Hamlets. 

The area is undergoing 
extensive redevelopment, ami 
as a result foe caMe-fayfag 
process is likely to be cheap. 

And foe name of the fran- 
chise-holder speaks vobones: 
East London Teleco m munica - 
tions. This hi g hli ghts the cm- 
rial fact that what is envisaged 
is a ge nuine community tioas 
system, of which entertain- 
ment services win represent 
«aly one dement. 

The foanghfaf^h oMer fa 
investing faeavfly to set up a 
tetanus network on cable, hrt 
ms will not stop at voice 
telephony. Data transmission, 

&<».p rfrate dreSTriS 

onaels, and connections to all 
farms of value added services 
win also be made available. 

_East Lond on , on the border 
of the City and undergoing its 
rejuvenation programme, fa 

certai nly an ideal hwrtfaw, but 

go ar e areas such as Edfa- 
bnr^ 1 where foe franchise' 
bolder fa on foe verge of 

”D*c City is again g et ting 

Tri ephone and data tiros* 
■tesmn systems ori cable that 
can compete with BT caprice 
<w« be inter-can- 
necte a to form g paffrnwi 
jgjj* mnst be foe was, 

Nick Tale 

Detoitte Haskins & Sells . 




I - 

- . 







career choice 

undergraduates often consider talcing - a . 
postgraduate business coursein the hope 
of .id proving their job prospects. Given 
the expense of such courses, it is not a 
step to be taken lightly. 

Going to business school is not so 
common here as it is in the US where 


■A V. 

qualifications. Consequently, some Brit- 
is h compa nies are sceptical of the vahxe 
of postgraduate education, preferring to 
train graduates “in house”, while omens 
are enthusiastic. ' 

- Y A it is generally agreed ihst success- 
ful business school graduates several 
years on, do very weBL'_ 

The Manchester -Business School 
states: “Over ninety per cent of graduates 
working at senior management or board 
level, with salaries commensurate with 
these responsibilities rising to over 
£50,000 a year, and Haimc that the 
market value of an MBA (Master’s in 
Business Administration) even for 
graduates who took tire coarse immedi- 
ately after a first degree is ES-'LOOO above 
the salary for a first degree only. 

What are business courses? They are 
not a substitute for work experience but a 
complement to rL Whatever their exact 
title, they are highly p arti c ip ative, stress- 
ing project and seminar work. They are 
academic and the work load is very high. 

A bewildering variety of 
courses to choose from 

They are intended to train managers to 
do their jobs more effectrvdy: to hdp 
them acquire slnlls in problem solving 
and communicating, the 'ability to cope 
under pressure and confidence in- mak- 
ing decisions. Business School staff 
normally engage in applied research or 
consultancy and are therefore able to 
apply theoretical- knowledge to solving 
problems in industry and commerce. 

Students me of a high calibre, having 
been subjected to searching mteviews, 
following a paper sift based onapplica- 
tion forms containing these or similar 

“Give a candid commentary on -your 
suitaWity for the course. 

“What are your personal assets-mam 
deficiencies?” ' _ ' 

“List three situations you have found 
interesting or exciting. Describe your 
reactions and the influence they have 
had on your attitudes.” * ; - 

There is a bewildering. variety of 
courses on offer, in university business 
schools, polytechnics and colleges: on 
“taught" courses or higher degrees by 
research, and in general business admin- 
istration or in specialised areas such as 
financial studies, operational research, 
personnel manag e men t, m arke t in g. ^ 
The MBA, the prestigious qoa nfica- 
tion which is highly regarded inter- 
nationally, is available as a one or two 
year course at. 15 business schools. (A 
“year” in this context usually means 12 
months — notan academic year)* 

; l‘G!^^’eig»bse 
attached to taking a 
postgraduate business , 
course, it is not a step 
to be taken Tightly. 
Beryl Dixon considers 
some of the implications 

Syllabuses vary, but normally have a 
core course m business policy (explain- 
ingissucs, opportunitics and constraints 
placed on management m an increas- 
ingly negotiated society) is one schodrs 
defimtian, with compulsory . courses m 
manag em e nt science, economics, law, 
marketing and ' with options 

va r yi ng fawn corporate planning, ex port 
management, and Japan in the World 
Economy, coming .later in the course. If 
carefully c h osen, these -all ow .s tudents 
exemptions from certain professional 
bodies' examinations. . 

Not an courses are known as MBAs. 
Several institutions rim similar cou rs es 
but lead to the award of an MAor MSc. 

■ Diplomas in b u sines s ad mi nistration 
last for one. academic year and cover 
similar ponpd to the masters’ courses, 
usually minus the dissertation. 

Why. take a Diploma? Firstly, the 
competition for places is less severe. The 
qualification is “not quite so 
marketable”, says one business school 
with remarkable honesty. 

This does not mean that they are 
worthless — rather that they arc not so 
well known, internationally, as the. MBA. 
It could pay students conside ri ng 
masters* or diploma courses to contact 
institutions and compare the types of 
employment entered by holders of 
MBAs, Diplomas in Business Ad min ?- 
istration and the Diploma in Manage* 
ment Studies (DMS). 

The latter is the most pcqmlar post- 
graduate course in the country, most 
frequently studied on a part time basis, 
aithn ngh there are foil time courses, and 
these are .particularly useful to arts 
graduates looking for a “conversion 

These too, are intended to provide a 
general management qualification, but 
they are validated by the Council for 
National Academic Awards, and there- 
fore offered in the public sector. Courses 
are well spread geographically, so that 
every prospective student should find 
one within easy access. 

.- Funding for business courses can be a 
problem; Fees in 1986-87 were £1,680 a 
year. with most schools estimating that a 
• farther £3,000-£3^00 would be needed 
to cover living expenses, as the intenaxye 
nature of the courses prevents part tune 
employment It is becomiag harder 
every year to fold the necessa ry finance. 

The lucky few get Economic and 
Social: Science Research Council 

Studen ts h ip s , Science and Engineering 
Research Coundl awards wnkh are 


emphasis, anf i scholarship. 

A business course thus to be consid- 
ered an investment Students wondering 
whether to take one should ask the 
following questions: 

Do i know winch area interests me? 

Arc there opportunities to train withm 
a company instead? 

Do 1 know how a business qualifier 
tion is rated by companies I m ig ht wish 
tb join? 

Is the financial sacrifice worth u? 
(including in the calculation one or two 
ySms^losi earnings as well as the anuse 
costs.) ‘ 

How do I choose from the courses 
avaBable? / - . _ . M 

Students having got this for should 
shop around. They are, after al l, con * 
sinners. The syllabus, and employment 
record of past students are more im- 
portant than the status of the ins titntip n. 
Of course the schools with the prestige 
will produce an . impressive list of 
graduate destin ation s. But any school 
worth its salt should provide details of 
former students and their employers. 

Two graduates who are pleased with 
their investment are Nicky Youemj and 
Geoff Skinner. Nicky thinks foe. DMS 
. coarse she took at Bristol poly m 1983, 
the bes> thing she ever did and far more 


The College invites ipplteations from suitably onatfed 
candktaes, for foe following Junior Research 


Tenable far toe yeas ton October 1987. Open id ma»J 
maa of my unready b Ads sabjects. •hO 'wffl be 

miScr 30 yem oTase on In Oaober 1987. md who ae of post- 
doctoral or cqntaleR stasdios, 


Tawbic fcr toe yean tom October 1987. Open to an and 
women woridm b the Medial Btetogral. or Owbeb Soeoces. 

«]| normally be expected to haw it lent two yen 
icseasb ap ericncc fb Sowing a fbadegree. 


Further particnlarsofhoth Feflowships and appli- 
cation forms may be obtained from foe 
Principal's Secretary, Lady Margaret HaD, Oxford 
OX2 6QA Closing date for all applications: 29lh 
November 1986. 

The Advertisement of The Florey Research Fel- 
lowship on Monday 27/10/86 was an error. This 
Fellowship is not available for Award at present. 

A prestigious qualification 
with international regard 

use than her politics degree 
Now foe uses the course content, she 
saw contmuaflv in her 'work as a projetf 

officer m a health authority, involved n 
developing the Mental Health Service, 
and woriririg an schemes such as moving 
patients out into the community . 

The DMS did not enhance hex starting 

salary, buvit helped her get thejob and to 

become an entrepreneur. She is a port 
tmift manag ement consultant in housi n g 
for. people with special needs. 

. (j fft ff a faiwitian chemis try gra duate . 

is halfway through the London Business 
School's MBA coarse. He shopper 3 
around, applying to seven schools i 
f-anaHa Europe and the US. He was 
interviewed in Ottawa by a London 
graduate, the Bank of Canada’s Director 
of Management, a tizcumsaance which 
confirmed his belief that t he Lo ndon 
MBAlias an international reputation. 

. Sdf-financed, he regards foe coarse as 
good value, and is enjoying the projects 
— ' especially one which he and three 
other did for an outride firm 

and for which they were pakt He has had 
no difficulty in arranging summer work 
experience m an American investment 
and ultimately, armed with his 
MBA, he expects to wotk in banking 
before starting his own business. 

A short booklist may be obtained by 
sending a seif-sealing SAE to the The 
Times, Special Reports (Graduates). rO 
Box 48h Virginia Street. London E* 

selection and icpt e s e uta tum of colour mfonnarioo. 
Close coHaboratioa will be required wi th other mu- 



register for a lusher degree. 

StartbiK salary up to foe 4fo point on foe Rang? IB 
- £9*95 pw annum. 

For more derails and informal “J 1 ® 
Dr Graham Martin (0203-523367) 
Application forms from: 

The Registrar, 

University of Warwick, 

Coventry CV4 7AL 
(0203 523627) 

qaoting Ret No. 14/A/86/L. 

(Please mark dearly on envelope). 
r fo rin g date: 19 November 1986. 

Informal inquiries about the post may be made to: 

Professor George Brio. 

TeL Coventry (8203) 523923. 

Further particulars are available from 
The RH pm w , University of Warwick, 
Coventry CV4 7AL, 

^noting Reference No. 13/A/86. 

The dosing date for the receipt of apptkauions is 
25th November 1986. 

Faculty of Arts 


Applkations are invited for thisOn* in _foe EW$- 
mmtofffisUHy, which wouldjarefera scholar wnh 
an established rcpuration m a field of European His- 
tory after 1500 A_D. 

Salary within the professo ri al range. 

Further uarticnalars and abdication forms returnable 
1986 from: 



Research Assistant in 
Computational Aerodynamics 

Required from 1 January 1987 to woik 


A good honours degree in Engineering, 
Physics or Mathematics is essential ana 
some relevant postgraduate experience 

tj i The enrv\mtmWlf 

Farther particualar 

not later than 15 

He Staff Appomtsments Officer, 
Universisy of No tti n gha m, 
Uni v ersity Pule. 
Nottingham NG7 2RD. 

Ref No 1072. 

grafting salary in the range £8020 to 
£12780 pa plus £1297 London Allow- 
ance depending upon age and 

Applications including GV. and names 
oftwo referees hi D nR. Hfflier or to Dr. 
JJVLR. Graham, Department of Aeronau- 
tics, Imperial College, Prince Consort 
Road, London SW7 2BY. 


The appmntment is tenable with a non^ripendiary ira- 
vSteSSip (GUF.k the fuD ttperf MWtottd 

SyEsSfo mm «c M ***** 

^h3ris^Sm«by theCoOrea 

frtMmgh with oo com mi tment to oo so) be coover red mto 

1 -• j‘ — mmA .wnM n. n t innvemtv nose runner 

Cbllett. Oxford. OX1 3PG, to wl 
shoidabe p»**«T»hted not brer than 1 

The Registrar (TI) 

2 Arkwright rood, 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 

fnD Klme day. Bcomncra 
17 Nov. fi Jan. Mr* Wjw. 

■ st utwm coow 

fm.18 Dtmraven SLPark Lam 


pure. London SWT ZDS. 
PIM* writ* or ufcpMw ,or 
01-309 8583 
nrW-Sai 8331 

Un# b (We aiw 

and wo in - Truman A 
KnMnOev. 76 NotttM HUlCJjr. 
Wtl. TH: 01-727 1242-rm. 



Ok Sniw irnd om Jmuai Vicmte Om«d, 

Bawfo FeDowdup wiD be available for tenne 
from October 1387. Apriicatioira mnA be 
; received on or before 1 February 1987 W the 
SdnilarBhto OfflceJ ^ 

London; WC1E 7HU, boat which forther 
information should, be obtained. _ _ 

The FeBdwsluqpe have the object of pwanoting 

Apphcations are apmculariy sought 
pie with a special interest mthe cconomiaot 
marketing. Candidates should possess atkast 
a Rood Honours degree. Applic a ti ons fimn 


• Eonns .. 

• as* Bud-c» Unagm* 

ca^kiates with a wiffingiieffi 
post-croeiiCTce courses will be particularly 

• Dnsot Seem 

it* end m » — I »to d tuagm _ iiiiini wnrtrt — 

ucm wmi ntti «« BWiiana d **■■**» nmn *«« " 
L3S. *0 dm*! h ml IK 

srti&r w *. 

\SSm wn ««. M IKK to 


candidates. The yah* of the Junior Fellowship 
£3000. and candidates must be engaged in or 
nronared to undertake a postgraduate coarse' at 
study approved by the Committee of Award. 
Trawd- coats may be met op to a maxmmmra 
£400 In the caai| of both Senior and Junior 


T ^verinilmeThist 


The College has 890 boarders aged 13 to 18. 
with and girts in the Sixth Form. It is 

proud of its outstanding academrc recora. 



Two Academic Schdars^ and a 


jFhfl partkmktn and aptStaOtmfBirmfnaa 

The Headmistress, Prior’s Field School, 
Godahmng, Stnrey GU7 2RH. 

and rnwttained schools, who show high aca- 
demic achievement or potential. 

Up to 6 Scholarships and EidiftNtipre for boys 
and girls now aged 15 or 16 and Of Wgh aca- 
demic ability, who wish to enter the Sortn 
Form in September 1987. 

Awards, at 13+ or at Sixth Form Level, are 
also given for o u tstanding achievement or po- 
tential in Music or Art 
Scholarships range In value fr«n Bimmni 
of .100% to a nunbnum of 20% of the tew, 

, . rTTi I 1 1 1 iT-.;lie«. l lO-'- : ’»**-l 

Full details of the awards, application forms 
and a College prospectus are availabte from 

« W,ttSto8 



Clerk to the 

Applications are invited for the 
appointment of Clerk to the 
Governors and Bursar. 

For details write to the Clerk to 
the Governors of James Allen’s 
Girls’ School at Dulwich College, 
London SE21 7LD. 

1 f-ii 

fellowships for 


The trustees of the GLADYS KIRESLE 

noonce foal up to £ 1 0,000 wiD be Bade avaflaWe 
in 1987/88 to scholars of Great Britain and tM 

The areas of interest envisaged concern bom tire 
past (history, art, architecture, muse, law, sa- 
enee, literature, language) and tbepr^nt 
(politics, conservatm enynwiment)tf Venice 
Sri the territories once s^ect to jLFurfoerpa^ 
oculars may be obtained from foe reaetary to ite 
Fbondation’s advisory committee, Pr ofessor ivl 
E M alien. Department of History, Unrveratyot 




No prior experiertct ittjiiircd: 

a huh come sreoally des^Bed for women s toni- 

Dtracmr ofMuac dtostopher Holmes, is pleased 

bd*w. (J5Mbmns frarn Wucrioo. Lonttoo bridle, 
Victopa or Qoytoj 

T Y^B^ rilwawBcesaieaud oatte MSC ranocacOnae. 
Phne toOI T» 8322 mwrana m mtoiew on otter dw 
llJh 12th. 13th, l»h. I9ih of 20th November BQtbtr 
. VJOsmar IJOmn. 


ill ip 


it LM, 14/16 High street, 
a, SE20 7HG. 





Applications are invited for the 
appointment of Clerk to the College 
Governors of Alleyn's College of 
God’s Gift who administer 
Dulwich College, Alleyn’s School, 
the Dulwich Picture Gallery 
and Christ’s Chapel. 

For details write to the 
Gerk to the Governors, 
Dulwich College, 
London SE21 7LD. 



St Edmunds Colkgt. a graduate of thei Univ^ 

atv of Cambridge, proposes to appoint! Dean. n» 

Dto muSteafriS Cafoobc aurchm good 

aanrihw ranh hk Ofdmarv. He will be rKponsible to foe 

Master and Fellows for foe provision of worship m foe 

College Chapel acconling to the nfes to 

Catholic Church, for foe Vawm 

members of foe College, and together with foe Master 

Senior Tutor and Tmora forfoe 

order in the CoDt*?. The Dmn 

Fellowship on appointment- He wiD be required to re- , 

side in College. Friendly and sumulaang, wotfang 

environmcnl md excellent remuneration package 


Further oarticufeis of foe post are availaMe fium foe 
College ^pbaboos 

be sent to: The Master. St Edmund’s College, 
82 pJS. Ombridge CBS 0BN. In addition those 

dosing date: 30 November 1986. 

- - 





*■* 4 ■' i? AM) Itt SINESSSTl i)IKS 



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The demand lor toe trained man or woman GNropodht In the 
pnrat* sector to mowing. Most of toe traHna necessary to 
quaHy lor a Optoma to chiropody may be worn A home by very 
epeaalsed conespondance lessons Mowed fay fad poetical 
btmma. You aretotoed to write tor toe free bootta W 

Royal Military College of Science 



IN 1987? 






A* well ai braadhrtaoMd one vear Executive Secretarial Counm. 
The Marlborough Secretarial CoUega. Oxford now oMfsamonto 

and '4 month Mcrerorfol courses (■aartmg m January!, inc- 
luding office technology dills. EseaMom dulls training lor Pitman 
and ISA qualtocoMns. Approved lodgings avatJatHtL 
for termor OMwta etocz» aomact- 

If Mcrtoowugh Sowtolto Coflog* Tst I0S66) 24MM 

IIUHMbSttMl Oxford 0X1 «<U Prenoi '211212 




Srifcmptoyed fecal organisas required to amove Easter and 
Sommer short say English taogaage cowses. Family 
noco ro od stion and fiifl activity p nag ianui iew betododed. 

p r licu r and anacrratRed Uto- 
vtraty «Bm tw entoanoa. 


Please reply to reply to BOX A19. 

to mWK modem s by tUVance 
Maratoft. DMahs wnw to: Sons, 
rrart TnittoenOrnt UnfvenUy. 
nmtosser. Somerset TA19 OM> 



Marsh & Parsons I, 


Victorian Terraced house offering cudlcst Eunity accom mo- 
dal km. 2 doable and I single bed. dining no. rcccp. «udy/4tk 
bed. (otty filled kit with all machines. 2 faults, pretty rear 
garden. Available oow lor Long Lett. £275 p.w. ncg. 


Muactivc matooncuc with character and style. Compra 
double beds. bath, shower rm. beautiful siodio rcccp. 

fitted kit and roof terrace. Available now for 
Long Company Lett. £230 p.w. 

01 937 9091 


rvithini Graham 

v i 




Too good, where you are? . 

and BBrtenw/bajiaymnn. Sir- 
rear ana with em antt*. 
Salary and i w ad w to tti lobe 
wwniwii One Mm mm 
nacamnr. Previous experience 

We seek two- people with 
recruitment agency experience 
and proven track record. 
Salary wR be Circa £25,000 pjl 
+ commission. 

^,01 *629 6604 /^ 

references, to Mbs L WUtoK. 
11-15 Ften Street. 


For further information please telephone 

Knwiaf AtMdnttf 

on 01 349 3215. 


6 Bt wfl atg tats to dw dm deiekorant tumsfaed la a very tagb 

standard. 1 S 2 betirnoms. My mad taKhOB. maftiig baBtooots. 

soma Hdh toraces. £150 - E4SCL 


Good family house «dti spacious acraramodtfon vtadi has ben 

lecemir redeconM. 4 brtanns 2 baPnaras. 2 receptions. 2 off 

stmt parting spaces, tafcton. C750 pw. 

Modem town house n good deconlM ontar. 3 double bedroom. 2 
taaBnons. Rcephoa. UchanflntfM «»m. ganga. garden ESDQpv 

Very good Rat In na» dwetopmanL 2 bedrooms, 2 baBnon, (age 
■ecepton. (toy Wed kztefaen. £250 pw. 


Good 2nd floor flat cksa to shopa and transport. 2 bettooaB. ba^ 

mom. recaptan. kdchan. balcony. £220 pw. 


2nd Noor flat ei very conwnad location mM W «d brfgtt accomm. 

1 bedroom, btoram bi mta. ddieen. recaption room. £190 pw. 

584 3285 a 



nm Penodmi <Hec Card Ol 
sot 4955 34 Hr*. 

too Jmnni JtyW Cher and a 
Tempura Owe. ditotth/ Jas 



FORTUNE. Sea ad iwi ttl d i By 


femadej. WWi Ml tor yooug 
ramBy m large c ouutty ho w e. 

and a iucm e a . ore JTX. Roe 
COnar OI 828 7181. 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advertisers 
01 481 4000 

Birth. Marriage and Death Notices 01 481 3024 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 01 481 4481 

Public Appointments 01 481 1066 

Property 01 481 1986 

Travel . 01 481 1989 

U.K. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors 01 481 4422 

Personal 01 481 1920 

Business to Business 01 481 1982 

Education 01 481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages. Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Soda! Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 
Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court & Social Advertising, 

Times Newspapers Ltd.. 

I, Pennington Street. 

London El 9DD 

Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries 
tor the Court & Soda! page may be made after 10 JO a.m. on 

01 822 9953. 

You may use your Access. Amcx. Diners or Visa card. 



AA » »A*jfa****A*AA 


★ «J£*£5S5S5S * 

£14,000 pa 

Boron Ol 730 8123 . 

C/L £7,000 

EdhorW Director WC2 
seeks brfff* cepe M to ctf- 
toge tower orS* jobber 
to becaeae Ut PA. E*c 
prospects . 

Mb 489 9274. SkW 
MBs (Bee Cttog). 


for Bnval* x-ray pracoev hi. 
WT W OW SL Horn and salary 
nevcttMfr. fleam ooniaci Ol 
880 5209 ourtPS office hoars. 



interior Designers require 
yaur.mgn^Hl abifity to 
pteo there creative day. 
Designing. from -anttfato 
bxe to sofi fumtotnqgs is 
pat N this reeonfing 
pest, wah'-good shixt- 
band and typing cad Lynn 

TELr 01-488 BB 5 t 

The Times Classified 
cotaams are read by 13 
million of the most aHlnent 
people in the coontry. The 



furo l Ai nmbit ieii 'itow 
Mnejpnw n and Eaecmiye 
appointments whh editorial. 
UGtogfdelaOteaad other 
ssaetari*! appoiBlmoits. 

aae gg 




The posthokfcrwB be the Headof ArfinWstratkxi and Clerk to the 
Governing Bodju 

The salary' wB be up to £25500 mdwSng London Westing 

ADowence. ■ 

AppBcaSoa fonns and battier particulars may be^ obtained by wrfflng 

The Rector. North EastLoncton Pofytschnio. c Romford Road, London 
E15.4LZ or. by telephoning 01-590 7722 

(Ctosing date for appftMfion Novwi*er14th 1986) 

North East London Polytechnic 


A part riareAaataiiLis required br op«©728 horn per week. 
Sitorj scale bned apoaa fidl rtme nte tf 0,786- nO^U* * 
'AaopixroiMitylbr^ie ttMiattJtetw io p .wi toiiiiiiic BlceiMi 
• jBtHypffig ririlto a n d unereii e d iatansnnoonwatt. 
Ewtiter detaHn from and app&catiaas widt c.r 
aad twv n ftiwi to The Mneea CnrntOE, 
Royal CaOege of Mask, Ftface Camert Seri, 
Landsn SW7ZBS by 24h Nercmber. 


SEC/PA £10,000 

aamat activMer. An organised atiminiauator with 
exceflfan prcvtocs experience in commcraal/l^al 
WFexpittdiiL Top post with very good benefits. * 

014995406. : 

33 St George Street, Loadoa Wl 



^ Head to Hnancs to Banking reqitom a MHrno8iret8dwea 
P . pt Be antod ia cwt a ^.orB»ntotogyinonftorins.'*iaHBa' "•*'* 

► hcnitos/Sgfits.8tc. ILyou are 2Si- with 3 yasrs «xportenca ki j 

? inton^to nto breiktog/Bnanca you wabare w ardad lor yore 

R -• -■ — — 

^ al wnhantVWPe*4E*toiriaoate v toha«larytog12£IB0pa 
pfaia'taual perioLCky. 

Ros Maria po 583 1661. 
AMgd ASB Reenatmemt 


Contact Mr. Olios oa 370 0007 
Sk an appointnaoiL 
No Agendas : • 


- to ffl tbe fbOowb* 2 vacrodrs> 

DPfnnHMUr/trkphnatrt ■ a good tetogbne namer 
aad mm appeuaaDe rs nnpomaL 
2) Secretary -audio and sbonhaad. ffrr hriij- fimriikif 

Salaries - 

Please rlag 01-235 9641 8e£ DMH. 

S« i j3.:- ] 

GC Sohenket, . 
13-15 Davto Strset, 
London W1 Y 2HQ 

£ 8,000 

fit the WSt Ends most ete* 
gait Hottowowfflttstetto 
the' oi gaaa t ia n of (an- 
rpete and funetims vflfr top 
level dear canted, your 
rusty ftendi helps. Bccsfent 
Ptonutiaa prospects. Good 
twtog and shorthand. Cafl 




The Chief Prefaeiioa Offica~of Pei f uhii elVobetiouSerwoe 
requnei a fits tons penorul aoairj. Snt»H, pkam office 
j. >nwi pMiiiiy S tortin g "**7 01, 1 91 per a a jaaai 

Tar MI uh t i rrrfiiri aa a a i a paHraftow fcm plame 

B Jobdesafadea aai Ireftdto Smmpteme 
t IVbtoteJ ^ffirt,OiirfProtoidm Cffim, 
oa 9734 54091 


PabBc Sector AiipuiitiiMiLi. 






! i . ■-? 


m d wp#***^~ 

Good - «■■'* P°V- Wnge bereflts. Plus, the 
WOfd ond other computehsed office skills, 

. .I Rnd ou t more. Call u$ now. 

© MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

jnpvTazx Swff SpemlMs 24 hour answering service 





y^jpg ^g- 1 *. 8 Sgrae. amcutere. numerate indwttal with stilts o) 100/60. UeeOy ever 25 the 
mnmum two years Sensor PA operiema preterrafty «ttm the 
wawsMn moustry and at least one mapr European language. 

^‘ s* **y Poawn and offers the opportunity to become mvoteoJ a at teveb and in al aspects d 
me company. 

Wowifa to™ <9aSti M tftm 1 tWrtt ** n astang too much please apply tn wfflag bdore Tffi 

Tessa Mauda, Super Channel 
19 - 21 Ratbbona Ptece, Loudon W1P IDF. 


£10,000 > 

A world famous 5 star hotel seeks a very socially 
confident aod weQ presented secretary to the 
Chairman and PR executive. Fascinating position as 
-you enjoy constant liaison with guests, help organise 
promotional events and a variety of administrative 
tasks. Own office and free lunch. 100/60 shilte needed. 


£ 10,000 

A world famous firm of PR consultants seeks a 
young secretary to join them. You'll enjoy 
consKtcraMc contact with clients as you help set up 
presentations and see projects through from . 
beginning (o end. Very friendly, informal atmosphere 
90/50 skills and WP ability needed. Please telephone 
01 240 3531. 

, • Elizabeth Hunt * 

\ — RecitimentCcjnsulQnb— /j 

© Grosvenor Steel London Vfl A/ 



1 am the Partner in a small young busy Maricet- 
ing Research Agency. I valued my Personal 
Assistant very highly because she 
took real interest in our work and business 
organised and phoned for me 
typed beautifully, accurately and fast 
treated our clients with care and a t t enti on . , 
was cairn in a crisis 
was very much part of the team 

She left to get married. If yoa can replace 
her please ring Jane Finder, 
the Business Research Unit, 01 600 0375 

Interior Design 

MD o! highly successful Inte- 
rior Design Co. Weds a lop 
notch PA/Socreauy to 
organise both Ws personal 
and professional Wb. 


SoOTtaty/ftecepWantel to 
keep Bangs running 
smoothly In the busy Pro- 
duction Co Good prospects 
tor advancement it you ore 
keen and show pcienoaL 

^et Design 

Fasemattng tab eo-ortnot- 
mg set dawgns tor major 
West End theatre produce 
bons. Increttbly busy and 
vtvoNing |Otx e tyN* mind 
and good typmg essenhat 

LOT05HV tea/'*; 

H*C-niileife’ Sp*O.KtU ’a.tll* , 

Ccrrnfitil’Ot'i . »'>J EnI«rl*ir.Tn«-H 

'.isa-ivl'-Vv ii.ier.19S? 



Poise and personality am 
required to work in the 
Chairmans office Of mis 
WI Publishing ax Lots of 
variety, responab ftty an d 
opportunity to progress m 
mis hectic tankomiem. tf 

txnon and good skte Bwn 
wtiy not contact us tor 
tutnhar fletaOs? 



(Roc Cons} 

22 Sou® Kotoo SI WI 

629 3692 623 5580 

Late Riser 


Busy nowspaper office 

ne«j an ertfeiwastic as- 

sstanl to nelp this 
oynamrt editor and ms 

ream. Wonderful oppor- 
tunity for bngm 
shottnand soergaiY to 
oei away from the oany 
9.5» da 580 5081 



Assist ll» Directors of tfus 
Fashion Company to co-or- 
(teats acbwftes throughout 
the vwsd (Maoris. Let- 
sure and childrens . wear 
being pm a section. Cross 
tram on WP. Benefits nc 5 
weeks hols and subsidised 
restaunnL Call Lym UK 
now. B 

Staff lotro doct io n s 
TEU 07-486 6951 




& £9,000 

Bright creative 
secretaires in early 3Ts 
for exciting lively posts 
offering neat scope and 
plenty orinvolvemcnL 
S/H skills needed. 


TO Heat Street 6C< 


A top level position for 
professional PA/Sec, 28- 

banking pa 



u nrrtfy Qj Qtl>H* UHO ^ 


1 tSsi EC4 O10E33883. 

4fl, assisting a mam Board 
Director, of prominent UK. 
Co. WJ in bis many tasks. 
Skills 100/50. previous se- 
nior level experience 
requested. Phone 
734 37&S or 437 8476, ’ 

133 Oxford Street Wl. 


Coy hmotownt Group snk 
Bright ’"brant saow tery it - 
■ 25 w* h good secretarial 

atfSsSo/OB . 

1 For (tether c«afa nng 
Trteha Lows 
437 4083 

C*ntre Point Sureao. 



01-734 6652 

Age 21+ 

You should have a 
quick brain, a good 
sport nee and enjoy 
working with young 
directors in this Inter- 
national Broking 
environment- London 
Bridge company. 
Travel arrangements, 
administration and 
good secretarial skills 
sJl inn. of busy 

of Bond St. 

Recru>tm«nt Cmiumnii 

N t S5 M<V 


Se n ior seoeauy reqaked to 
wort: (bra small mmmomt 
dm»ioc of a mSfoc US Ctxo- 
paoy based in East Griostead. 

Toe sucressfid candidue 
should, m addition to the 
usual secretarial stalls have 
proven artminjaranvc ffa*r 
and be able to aa on their own 

Please reply with CV to: 

Mr L Lessen, Pearir Vlsicn 

Center Lid. Victoria Baod. 
Rnteto. Middle**. HA4UG- 


Busy Wl office w!Oi interns- 
tiom) contacts needs experi- 

ancad secretary with fiJttsJ- 
lert office sk&. Must lavs 
jnitatjw and organisational 
ability. Knowledge of ten- 
maoes useful. Salaiy com- 
mensurate with skis and 

Tatephooe Sarah on 
01-636 9602 


W8 Estate Agents 
need an able Audio 
who loves the 
properly business. 
20s. Stan quickly. 
Call Karin on 
408 1631. 


Salary negotiable 

Export company tn 

PkxadSiy. Ekeetem typing. 

Tetexeo. MNtewn 
oxpwiencB 0*5 yews. 

Phone 491 0770 
for details 



The Research and 
P a m lopm c iit department ot 
ok ot Britan's ingest and 
moM successful companies 
has many advantages tar a 
young educated secretary. 
Tour -A' toe! or degree 
background will not be 
wasted as you take re spo- 
n$a*ty. communicated at 
senior toto and handb 
correspondence in a 
tascraang. technical envi- 
ronment superb riverside 
offices, trae lunch and other 
benefits. 90/50 a tote. 



If working tar a Ihrety young 
property company dose to 
home appeato » you read 
on. This rspidty growing 
based in the Cbefeee 
area a looking tar a godd 
aground secretary cum 
a dm in is trato r to rut the 
newty-set-up office. No 
shorthand but good typing 
(55 wpmj and a bright 
personality to fit In wtth the 

ton, young people. Age 

cilLSOO Age28+ 

Brishl imcDacni secretary roqnmd 10 manssc rcccplioQ. word 
processing, and otter office adminroratioa fimoions, for Survey- 
in( Company based in Vicuna. 

Good secretariat skins arc required Uflcthrr whh an aptitude tor 
wotd proccs M ta and tee ability (o ofynise aswtant cuff. 
This tt an cacefieni oppon unity for someone looling for msolve- 
omu and wife a genuine interest in taking increased 

Please write with CV la anefope marked 

The Barienoch Powiing hrtntnbip, 

27 Ecdestowe Stmt. London SW1W 9NP. 

£12,000 + PERKS 

Sparttfng. efficem seertary needed for wed know Lon- 
don Quo. Must have excellent skits with plenty of 
drive and initiative. 90/50 plus WP exp. Driver pre- 


Exciting chance for a self motivated person to assist 
new M.D. at this tafluantiaf Charity. 100/60 plus WP. 

CbfkeBI 235 5427 

teg Safly 8ms ar Vans Cbffce 91 3 




c£15 v 000 + 

Private educataon preferred to co-ordinate media 
and personnel manueinent information for prestige 
consultancy- Word .Processing experience desirable. 
Ami "20-25 irinwL 


' 7V 



archttectural anchor 

£10,000 pa CHELSEA 

Small professional Chelsea Co «jlb {fcwxn Rarour sedu a 
superbly organised Secretary (80/601 who o beautifully 
presented and spoken. VouTI wort .far thor MD and 
iiuitgaic systems as well as keeping ihc office »hii«hapc! 
CaU Karyn on 408 1631. 

Middleton Jeffers 



Overseas Property w 
naed SH Sec. 25+, 
100/50 tor their 
London offleo. The - 
position demands 
good communication 
skits, initiative and 
ability to work under 
pressure. Room tor - 
total involvement. 


II you enjoy wonf processing 
tfnra is a brfltent opportunity 
to |oir ttfe tow national 
Company. Exporter** on 
vMittear 2000 would ba an 
ad ran iaga . In return tor yotr 
WP sMb yog wU be wwtong 
in a tovtey butting, superbly 
located to a reiaxsd and 

friendly enworatient- 

Age 22+ £8 ,000. 

For lafeavfev tei Tea Crater 

930 5733 

n votsbe 



r nw o nmun a l stnidure a fee 
Bam hr tta esAng new ( 
wCTHae rto land restoraten. ■ 
Jon tte busy enerotac warn 
no tmng nto < tte abday and 
ntoM » wort vital su- 
pervision SnngatfcwtsMs 
and good Mko typeij. Fienuii 
n Gemwi loafut CaD Cso- 
hre Watoger 

^B soff 

mm m 

TEL: 0M86 6851 




Genune ogpoitinity to pro* 
' ?ess tyimy in this oo 
! ahrad agency. Chaftenomfl 
j position, attending and ar- 
1 ranging functions, must tie 
j or^iisedanlusedtodeal- 
! ing with confidential maf- 
| ters. Excellent sec skills 
and WP eqteriance. 
i Please phone Beth 
01 6E 3012 



meat ■ wonfl- rtwM 
Saemary/Pa SO*- JdBSfl/aCT* 
cream*. stuM-rateaa«ortL 
lha: Qi aOapwtUB and rite u» 

«0+ OB <Smn IhOOtne 






* *AMHW$TRAT0R* * 

* PreBtigous Bustoess J 

* Federation seek grwiuau J 

J (ideMy) with Wares in J 
J toditeryBasaeiwtoto- 1 

2 ersasng their afrsady * 

* Bjrtersive meenborahip. * 

* Portion requna proven * 
ir a y i uHsuati vema * 

* croartsafanai skas and * 

* eapenonce tar » 

ar computer input * 

* SatoycJ7i00-WC1. * 

I Pfione Jeasy oe J 

* 4992212 % 

it Beams Lid (Rbs Com) * 




Wift sue of 100/60 you cauU be 
wortag tor ffR pRSNgOK Amm- 
can conpany S a semi PA 
Gfiabogrig *e«y of sam»Hi 
and atimnsmira dunes. Luoai- 
ous offices! 

liptan PhswbwI Serttees 
91-828 2727 


Small computer software company, 
energetic, friendly and expanding, needs 
people to train and grow 
with the company. 

AlWfrXISTRATOR - sales order processing, 
invoicing, crcdn control, dispatching, stationery. 

BOOK KEEPER - accounts, cash control, salaries 
aod commissions, help with sales orders. 

RECEPTIONIST - telephone messages, visitor 
hospital iry. travel sed transport arrangements. 

OFFICE ASSISTANT - post, filing and 
administration. Opportunity to train in computing. 

4 weeks holiday. Staff use computers io there work. 
We especially welcome people of accomplishment 
and ambition who will enjoy (earning new skills. 

Sera* CV. ar phone for an atppliratfoa form to: 
Marketing Director, Systems Union LbL, 

354 3131. Northampton Lodge. 
Canoabory Sq, London N1 2AN. 



International medical agency needs an 
Administrative Secretary to provide ad- 
ministrative and secretarial support for 
their Director of Fundraising & 

The office is busy with many visitors 
and the work varied as ours is one of 
the top 100 charities. The Adminis- 
trative Secretary we will need will be 
educated to A-level standard with a 
minimum of 5 years experience, used to 
handling all aspects of her work without 
supervision and delegating to others. 

Salary circa £1 1,000 for somebody with 
the right experience and you will be 
working from our new 4th floor offices 
in Farringdon Road. 

Non-smoker preferred. 

Write with full CV to the Personnel 
Officer, LEPRA, 105 Farringdon Road, 
London EC1. 


Great opportunity 
for two 2nd jobber 
to become involved 
in the dynamic 
Sales Team of a 
major US Bank. 
Decmate II WP exp 
shorthand useful. 

Qty 377 8600 
West End 439 7001 

Secretaries Plus 


Are you an extrovert age 
25+? Could you handle 
this major T.V. comp- 
any's diverse telephone 
enquiries? With research 
skills and fast typing 
you'll provide a complete 
follow up to each query 
aid compose your own 

If you're willing to work 
flexible hours, including 
weekends, on this 6 
month + assignment lor 
£5.75 per hour and an 
immediate start, contact 
Karen Sherman today. 




A mature PA «trcUi> fifed Mfvearty Jri'sJ is 
required IO w««rL for ihe f 'fiairman of lh« 
Mitrhsni Bank. 

V lr«:| standard of education pn.-fcred «Wi wcel- 
t lcr.i shorthand, ripmg and WP sVilh. First riaw 
orpnnaiionai ability is cssennat. as iherc mil w 
Inis of i-menaining and irasri to pun. ion »ill 
hast* m h.- ptifaivd io «! up w» »>winiai« 
organise ffie nffur. There will he occasional 
<»itfriif7K. T*iis win inim-simg carper posiuon jhai 
Huuld san wnwra «iih a solid professional 

Tel Anne Hilton on 623 4202 
<Rec Cons) 

l^tephone- Gi-2&'3;550 Ia',; 


If so (M6. the Mark McCormack Organisation and lead- 
ing sports management company who will possibly be 
relocating to riverside offices at Kew Bridge, have a 
vacancy for a rec epriorast/telephon 1st to greet visi- 
tors and handle busy switchboard. Attractive appear- 
ance and cheerful personality plus quick thinking 
necessary to handle this very busy and responsible 
position. No typing. If you would like to work with fast 
moving people, then we want you as part of our team. 
Hours 8.30 - 4.30. Monday ro Friday. It this position is 
ot interest please send CV and recent photo, or call 
Tricia Smith, 14/15 FitzhaneHnge Street, 
LonCon, W1H 9 PL. 01 486 7171. 


A leading City Company employing approx 800 staff in a 
presage Cay building is seeking a young person aged 21+10 
be {retried and assist tn ell aspects of office adrmmsiration. 
This includes tdecommunicaiions, office planning, mainte- 
nance of tiutlimp sennces. etc. Yo u will be able to use a 
keyboard al about 5Dwpm and use a WP for reports and 

This is a genuine career opportunity for A level or grad with 
at least 2 years secretarial office experience in a proiessionai 
environment. Salary CE8.500. 

Please contact: Roy Stockton 01 734 8466 or CV fit 



£ **G0AMJATE** £ 


WBrned tor smaS fnendly 
Ci?y Arm ot patent agents 
to wort tor a partner. 
PreteraOty with potent 
experience and able to 
use WP. This is a varied 
and responsible |ob and a 
good salary Is ottered tor 
the right person. 
Please ring: 

Pal Skates on 

278 7255 tor an 
Veaoer, SUptey ft Ce. 
» C*y Road. 
Loodoo. EC1V 2flA 
AbsoWety lla Ageades 



With good shonhaod/typing 1 min 120/60). Excellent 
telephone manner and well organised administrative 
skills. Minimum age 25. Salary negotiable. 
Please apply with CV and ieaer of applksthra Us 
JHi Hackel, Monty Don Lu, 

46 Oxford Street. London, WIN 9FJ. 

WHE AND swa n s CO In 

£9.000 TW* Voun* nrwly 
pointed prawn raanaqer in We 
marketing drparlmeni o* a very 
friendly to. well* a tewtii **e 
PA wed 20 25. Pouiui re- 

quires tactful tool firm person 
wife k» ot mUiuasati and IM- 
ILMve. IdeaUv suile vorneonc 
Wim 2 yean w eio looking /or 
more imolvimiM and scope. 
Wine course* avaUaOle H inwr- 
esled. GaU Kate OI 851 7372 
KtoesUAd Personnel. 

VDCO » WL* £7.0W f* • ere*, ■ 
firs) tob (or a ouick Uuntfeq 
young sec. 01 ttus world film / 
video comoans’ working as 
pari or a smaU learn you vein 
rwip to organise ad. remote and 
PR campaigns in support of Him 
reteases aros^id the world So 
pert) benefits include free video 
bbrary. pm air screenings, free 
cinema uckns. healln dub 
meino e rentd- Good D-ocno re- 
quired Age 18 22 Please tel 
01-409 12S2 The Work Shop. 

PEOPLE POWER - tius Is fee 
worlds lorrmosl -peooir 
company*, where opportunities 
are unllmlledi As a member of 
Dih young, bngnl and lorward- 
thinking team you wiu have 
adserhsing. marketing, mterna 
Dorsal rurreni affaire and high- 
powered manaoemeni draugs 
Io choose from On islanding 
promotion, excellent salary and 
benefits wife generous reviews. 
sumMlous m rices in SWi all 
mean unparalleled openings for 
lOP-vabore candidates Good 
tywng? Age SI «a? Cab wday 
Ol-agj 5787 Gordon ^»les 

MARMrnrec . do jw 

have marketing related 
eypenmee ui a large company 
mvinanmenl? As coorouiallng 
secretary in inh megaromnanv 
sou will arrange conferences 
and recnitmionv. handle PP and 
wni liaison and travel around 
Hie world when life e>b reginres 
It Hammersmith bosetJ Bw 

(Its include use of company 

swimming pool- ““tjJE!- 
squash courts dr SWh 90/50 
Age 22-26 Please call Ol «» 
ueA Merry wcauwr Advrg & 

SHOW-BIZ e£S£00 ■ unwtrf 
opening lor young sec wun 
some work iwpt nonce The 
company i* wvoKed in Dimiic- 
opera, pop conrrrlv «c. Work- 
ing closely wffe a newiy 
appointed, dynamic ivung m 
reefer you wiu Uatsc wife 
promoters. hHp oul Oh il» 
admin safe and handle fete- 
phone cons on hK behalf. Super 
toe Lot's oi scop* Accural* 
rams r80/*W essennar Age 
21 *. please telephone OHM 
4466 Mrcrywe«iher Adds * 


i Villi gnauafei working As 
•gofer with typing ,er A small 
guafUafise reseanch loam. Ar 
ranetng mieniewcrs bnefmra- 
U-Mng scm>iv and enuuauno re 
sully Frwndiy sUM» onrem m 
CovenI Carden. S>lar>- ZB£C*y 
£10.000 ane Tor lurther 
grtaih pleefe coniact Jane 
Ccosinwaiie on OI 681 
2P77/2947 M Jane 
Crosfewaafe recTwitment con 
siUUmu. Ltd- 21 Beauchamp 
Place. London SWJ 

xcfKTNnu rent ANcto- 
THC7S dr Dmgners pnrnumreif 
A temporary pooifom- A MSA 
Special hi Recruitment Consul, 
lanis Of 73 d OSM 

PA. CIDJIOO. $H/audib io rat up 

HO df new subsidiary <V infer 
national company In W| 
Woodhousr Gee Cons 01 *0* 

EDITORIAL SEC (or magazine 
Co will train. J5wpm typeng. 
Call Malabo TED Agv Ol 7S6 


Aoenry would like a brtoht PA 
lor their MD Cood secscianai 
ranis needed idO/SOi Oul as im 
portant wpl be your abUiw lo 
deal wife tllenls and suppliers 
etc. You will haic ciers oppot- 
tunily lo use your inibafise. 

Age 21 + va -10.000 aae Ple“J 

Call Andrea oh Ol 62d 7838 
Barnet ■ Media 

PUBUC Rotations CO Wl« re- 
quire a lumor secreiary 18-20 
years. Dunes will include ftruc 
lypinp- press releases and greet- 
ing stsiiors Knowledge of word 
processing an ad. an low. Su- 
pert> oifiem and young loendiy 
almospnere Salon- Co BOO pa* 

Xmas bonus Por interview 

ronKa laps *37 
Cent acorn S««l Agency. 

STEAM For sed slatlcr 2S* 
seeking escape from secretarial 
duties. Will run own maaanne 
including all aepecis co-otdina 
non i torn suiexrfeers lo 

printers Plenty Ol cnaUengc in 
cnecnully tnetw atmosphere 
CJC0.6OO pa la sunt a cvcellenl 
preope-is. Joyce Ciuness Ol 
109 8807/0010 i Rec Consi 


Age «'>5D £g.«0 To loin firm 
ol computer consultants nnd 
run Uwir very Buo' recrpllon 
ateo Previous experience and 
JO upn typing ability needed. 
Twice yearly salary reviews 
Please telephone 01-200 
331 1/AS51 «Wesl Cnd* or Of- 
240 3851 iCIly i. Efieaoefe Hum 
Recrulnnenl Oonsulianls. 
for Ini City Co. Eac tanacuagr 

suits lor correspondence, irons 

tauon and pno«fe *** I? 10 
enou preraunsed rolf bul flair 

and Mwiiauic will be a pot eciai 
ed lo fee lull El l 040 neg Mi« 
pnrk-s Morrow Emp A«, «The 
iMtitmuge Sfwtetalislsi 01 6* 


LUXUBT HOTEL Wl- os were 
Uiy (n a duerfor vow wd» nr 
rsrrn* tonally well wismwl. 
have vpeedv of 100/70 and be 
I le stale over wot King hours (i 
vw ore aura 2&aO have prov 
m rupeneni-e al ina level Ihen 
rail *y» TOO: iWrsl Endl 37T 
HoCOiCWyiSerre lanes Plus, fee 
ser iFire Ml ronsunjnlv 

ART AUCTKMU £7^50 - «««- 
iamotr> aunion houv JW” 
bnoM yourrq auflfo w for Moo- 

mi PtcXuzr^om HiGh inurcsi. 
Lois od prc-Mire. work e«pcn- 
race preferred. Cxrelleot aujd 
typing eswnUal For dciall* 
^easccaJl o:-4<»3 5767 Gordon 

CAREER MOVES! We can help 
you wife we oesf mote aiart 

able We have tabs r.LS.OOOe* 
lor any good lunior/ranior 
vc/admln PIWm- caB 251 
821 1 anytime, so we can real li- 
neally seine you in a new and 
heller mb ibr OirhlmoM 
Ccanbreok Rer Cons 

BecpptfaoM lor supefe tefree kr 
rated near Gr«n Par* -a Public 
ronuunyi m-spornibilfees ih 
dude a Uilie accurate lyptno 
Begcni switchboard iwlll Inan) 
pius organisimi ol lasus and ln- 
HPtnr lunches Age 20-25 
£8,500 Bemadflir d Bond 
fiireci iHw Const 01 6C9 iroa. 

sh/lyp lor Mayfair Mortgage 
Brokers prrseniaiioii. miiw 
live, FdiuuPon and band skills 
go/ACKh open uw* d car io 
inenaiy fel-up awpl liaison and 
dclmalr prospect'- (Z9.VX1 pa 
Joyce Gttmns 01-589 
8807/0010 lR« Cota). 
E8 OOO Assisi fee pupils 
s’ HQ i mi in ihls Art College ke<-p 
i no there general recorOt up tn 
dale T spina lor own corre- 
sponflrnce Htgn hivolvenienl. 
Coil Ly nn Loll on Ol 4S6 0931 



Experienced audio secretary 
required tor lively go ahead 
erctittectural praaice m Wl. 
Enthusiastic imahoeni person 
required willing io involve 
themselves in all osdpcts of 
the office- Excellent working 
environment. Salaiy SY.S 00 to 
£8.000 negotiable. 

Telephono Lattta 
on 631 4546. 

(No Agenoes) 

require n Sctrctarv/PA it- one 
ol fee partners in there preachl 
refurbished Offices Audio typ 
mg ssord processing 'WP 
training II necessary Inr luiUMt 
appIKanisi Age in material but 
musf nave iht .itntiiv and en- 
unrsunm lo conlnbuie Inwards 
fee sinoolh running of life Of- 
fice Please telephone Ol 79d 
8171 Ref. ON. 

MUSIC CO, PA lo MD A0/5O A- 
Cleanse ariiifurfe WAX' *S 
weeks IWs Call ktalalia TED 
Agy Ol 7 So gBE-7 

small eicrlusm’. putt, flying PB 
company m SI Jamei's want 
you lc- I'd me in and tiratc a 
new iecretanai Position from 
vtjich Mew svsii-ms. pew- 
duns etc hguirnl Therealler 
lull ol liaison wife clients, 
Ksim.ilisiv help lo organise 
conferences. miiullve and 
work experience nsailUI. 
Skills 90/ W. Ane 20- Pk^e 
IH. Ol *09 1233. The worn 

lovelv Wit in a lively, creative 
Invsronmeni Tte- specialise in 
graphic design •trochures. c.-wn- 
pany Mel elci As IronHitve 
co-ocninalor you win Inek Offer 
conference rooms, messengers. 
\tsual aid library stationary 
Mr. while wefcomefnij callers 
BuoMy. outgoing uporauicn and 
lymiKi ability reguesied Age 
304 Pfc-ase lei 01-409 12J3 
The Work Shop 

lUfifOR SEC/ ASST 17. SCO su- 
per no lor a younn sec in inr. 
small, iricndly division « a ma- 
tor IK conuunv They pretenl 
cxnibiiionv and speeial events 
You will work ciOsHy wnn 
fheir I Indlv. cannq 
personnel/ Admin Manager, mi- 
tavlrtg high r» inter*- -I while 
(earning anoul pnrwjnnH and 
«fKe Mnnn Work eepenenCO 
nol esveniial Reasonable 
shorth»nd/lvpmc reguesird. 
Plraye ih 01-409 1222 The 

won. Shoo- 

MtttaSH A 6EWUWI M .000 - 
make lull use of vour IlnguKUc 
Ulenis in this HBtrt young 
company Ao Inlemationai Mar. 
kt-ling PA v-:-u will enK-y total 
invoiiemnnl in a dynamic qlob- 
ai market inn invironmeni 

riunKi ip french and Carman 

rwentlul bBanL«l/DuUIl Ufr- 

lul Good Skills I go/ 60- also 
required. Tor details please lei 
Ol 409 Tin- Work Shop. 

t- BCW C H CMC C6 OOO leading 
French rcnire-lic, ramponv 
seeks PA to Markefn^ Direcfor. 
Ehretlenl Trenrh lural k wnl- 
imi esseniui a keen mind and 
fee ability lo keep up lo dale on 
markrling slralegie. air inipor 
lanl Cood skilV. 10P/o:i and 
min IB months work expert- 
enee reouerted Age 21-26 
PkvK* in >0-609 1312 The 
work Shop. 


rinanriji Dtrecinr 110 250 Plus 
super perks This up market ri*. 
uil ro seeks an org-wm-d 
Ji/pa lo j«ki me Final trial Dt 
rr-riar in IhMM'veruliveollires. 

also dealing wvlh lonegn ivi- 
renry. Travel ananpeinenis aid 
petti rasn U inuare inlL-Tc-UM 
in working lor a ■ urn pans who 
pre gc-tng place', ring Thersa Ol 
754 7833 kings! and PfhonnM 

ST JAMES’S anliuur silver dealer 
iiroerull i.-ouin- rHliClMsI nc-n 
smoking secrefarv Please ring 
Ol 83° 4714 


to run snail snuffy oflie*. atte to 
type, keep Punks (instruction 
given, w tove our wn small cum- 
puei. wBwg to be togmened oi). 
use common sense. I run a book & 
sta&orary step 2nd smaB (ximmg 
worts will photocopying sennee 
My CheeiW and fnenOty sbN wH 
w&corta a wdkng. mures) eQ and 
rftaent person, able to organao 
me and Ihe arhin ol ths smaB 
bus mess. 

Salaiy negotiaMe aroond E 7 J 00 

Christopher Foss, 
34a Pacufogton St, 
Baker St London Wl. 
61-935 6155 


RECEPT. To work for fun. Ian 
rvnarxUn? Leisure Co. based in 
kniqhtvbcldqe. MuB have 
SH/Typ. Good on fee lelc- 
phone. ThoftougWy confident 
and flexible maracicr. Age 
aerv. votary up lo Cl 1 .O* aoe. 
Pivaye onone M n Byzantine Ol 
bf janus'v Park tuner 


competam. independani-mfed- 
ed person needed for lively 
greeting rard puolrvhere m ECf 
lo avast life Pahrv Direct m. who 
is ofieii away, in deeding wan 
ruMomerv and solev vtalf Voa 
vnould be wril educated numer- 
ate. able to type quuctdy and 
accurately and gel on well wife 
people- Sale ES.SCOaae Tunis 
a new jpnoinimenl Contact Ju- 
lia Moms on Ol 342 7122. No 

social coHnootec. edcca 
ton AND POKE will auickly 
vhn you In wife IMS dynamic 
wi inieNment Marketing 
Team You will be MBh have 
oood sh/hand and typing a flex- 
ible akiude and a mile rusiy 
French io organise all aspects of 
travel, entertaining and oeneral 
toqislle* ■ super newly designed 
offices c CIO OOO pa + rails re 
view + Hinge bendlls e & 
fkmusev Joyce glumes". 01-589 
(*807/0010 iRec Const 
ANTIQUES r.ET.500 ■ teeafetak- 
ino opening lor a young rawer 

secretary. wumn Use 
man-man's office of Ihis wrtl- company. Eacelleni 
iraming ground. EUgom Bond 
Street location Good skills 
■ go/SCi and life ablllly lo oral 
wife people al all levels request- 
M Wort evpenenie 
Dicfenred For further details 
please i el eg none 01-493 5787 
GorcKoi vales ConsullanK. 
TIONS industry. SW6 are 
tooling lot- nnr*ti numnudK 
•issisiann. one wife Frmrn and 
■yxid lypuigaiKl letephone Man 
iK-i. Ihe other wife good 
snorihand. lo go lo rlieni meri- 
iiiav and assist an ranlcfpve 
oruausuig Age I8 3« £8- 

IO.GOO. Rina Ol 49> 8834. 
iudv Faruunarvon Lid .Her 
Coin i. 47 New Bond Street. 
LCiluton Wl 

grrai oppgrl mviiv lor a votiwi 
sccrelars' wnn a lew monUis - 
experience io mm a c hardy in 
SW 1 They wgaiiw lund ralv 
mo events *ufh as Balls and 
Sporis Mjlrffev. all « which 
you will tfe expert rd allend. 
You snouki t»- brww ana enfeu- 
SAieJi,- . wife a smart bDpearanC* 
pnd ■ *-ilK of 80/40 Salary 

E7.0O-I Please iwephone Ange- 
ta Mortimer Lid iRec Consl 
Wesl End Ollier «9 9bte. 


fur Sam /Mark cl feg On of tnl 
perfumer v- Ot ■ W London 
Musi N- ante in rope under pm- 
sure and ute imUaUv*- Ext 
pmcnianon and tec fkiiK. tv 
-filial Cv-.CiOO lb C8.500 neq. 
Mermw Emp AUV iTtie Lin- 
oumc bik-nalislsi 01 ni*» I4B7. 

PR COMPANY near Famngdonf 
Cnmccn Lane ft-auur-, w rvnti 
able second lonbcr 80/50 lb 
work Will, young Accounts Cl 
icuIivp ILstMtenl ouroriuui’k 
lo team P R busumo as wull 
Ihriviiiqronibank £8 000 Ape 
•20-22 tWTnadellr of fund 
SUn-l -Rec Cpn-si Ol 63d 1004 

Continued on ?*&: 38 

. >v— - 

, - « L-* 


Law Report November 3 1986 

£8,750 ++ 

Carer opening in Merely 
department (Mnse d humour 
■ssenttal) of Ctty Merchant 
Bank S/H and typarrg 
•ssenual, WP expertenca 
praflemd. Benefits Include 
season ttciw loan, subs 
| -men. BUPA. and usual bank 

|ciR$Mtoret m itu 





fira* class opportunity to 
daweteei excellent career In 
Personnel aid Treating. 
Seang up and nmnkig 
courses, working wttn 
dynamic European 
OMtopment team. 
Encouragement given to 
obtain p reiess l o na l 
frTffflrnn o i i i i. 

CaR Sara on 01 631 1820 


Inspector erred 
over circular 

on the definition 



Co-onSnats and Betas on 
MB; pi successful young 
PA dudes require abSty to 
c o b ummiIhu b wMi top revel 
cBents end act as company 
farenwx&vy. Must bo 
imgiy fvmvorMiBty end 



iW/BapriesslonMO SWary. 
Must have exp. and Hi* dam 

audio typing. Fun hard workUM 

dcnL Aar sers. wi. salary 
£74300. Please phone Mrs Byz~ 
andee OI 222 50 91 NORMA 
VICES «k>9 Si James's park 



26 + . tfasoo 

mv wsnd 

thraon utl 


Keenan mod 

Mpfcse sanoe ad mee el hnsar 

rasreiOB sport dun. s+ 
Store Dtpii pMpeD5 m an* 

Sun a goad 

CCT1K8 pet MRS Htarid MS 
taMMi raons MP 2wf Pttar ISC 

Lei c Hok Base INP uMn 
MM got O' • 

SSotjud sowbSNL 

ire c£9juo Kosnd fa oaves but 
Wreredi fawere re t sw as ca. 
ftp mat btgptatak good tying 

Sarrey Heath Borough Coun- 
cil v Secretary of State for die 
Environment and Another 
Before Mr Justice Kennedy 
| [Judgmem October 30} 

A planning inspector 
determining an appeal against a 
refusal of planning permission 
misdirected himself in having 
regard only to the . national and 
not also to the local need to 
promote economic activity, 
when be rejected local develop- 
ment proposals limiting job 
opportunities, in favour of a 
government circular encourag- 
ing the promotion of new 
development and the provision 

Mr Justice Kennedy accord- 
ingly granted Surrey Heath Bor- 
ough Council's application 
under section 245 of the Town 
and Country Planning Act 1971 
to quash the decision of an 
ins p ect or appointed by the Sec- 
retary of State for the Environ- 
ment, who by letter 
November 28, 1985, allowed 
Elhott Developments Ltd’s ap- 
peal against the council's refusal 
of their application for pbmritng 
permission for a three-storey 
office building at 341-347 
London Road, Camberiey. 

Mr Jeremy Burford for the 
council; Mr Dnncan Ousefey for 
the secretary of state; Mr WH- 
' the developers. 


to proposals for 


“3 • - - There Is . . . always a 
presumptionin favour of allow- 
ing application? for develop- 
ment, having re gar d to all 
material considerations, unless 
that development would cause 
demonstrable ha rm to fotercsts 
of acknowledged importance." - 
In his decision letter, the 
inspector concluded that the 
proposed development would 
be contrary to local policy and 
reminded hmigfif that the 
development plan was only one 
of the material considerations to 
be taken into account m 
determining the appeaL 
The inspector concluded that 
the need to bring about eco- 
nomic regeneration by the cre- 
ation of jw opp ortun ities, such 
as those which might become 
available in the proposed office 
building, was such a ' vitally 
important matter that it out- 
weighed all the policy and other 
objections of die council. 

There was no evidence before 
the inspector to suggest t h a t 
there was or was Ekdy to be a 
high rate of unemployment in 
the area, nor was there any other 

evidence of economic activity or 
stagnation. - - 

Of course, nationally there 
was a need to promote eco- 

Chief Constable of Awn and 
Somerset v F 

Before Lord Justice GtideweH 
and Mr Justice Otton 
Pudgment October 3(JJ 
- The Queen's Bench Di- 
visjonaJ Court gave guidance as 
to the dreunrviauccs in which a 
vehicle: might be regarded as a 
motqr vetode within the meao- 
mg of section 190 of the Road 
Traffic Act 1973. 

Itartii nteh^tlHntiifB j mi 

appeal by way of case slated by 

the prosecutor, the Chief Con- 
stable -of Avon, and Somersei 
Constabulary, against the dis^ 
mssal by BrKttrfJuvcmle Court 
of. _ seven informations -laid - 
the defendant, F, alleg- 
ing contravemkrasof tbe Road 
Traffic Act 1972 and the . Road 
Traffic Regulation Act 1984. * 

The 1972 Act provides by 
section 190: “(1) In this Act 
‘motor _ . vehicle’ means * a 
mechanically propelled vehicle 
inten ded or adapted for-use on. 
roads, i.”.- 

Mr Richard Stead for the 
prosecutor; Mr Richard 
Bromilow for tie de fe nd an t. 

cal Uadi Uctood as 

fBJ-439 MSZ <24 basal 

M snunuT 
mva tSamanAm 

Director Of CJty Co needs sw 
confident n aw a ry (2S-351 
iNttn sound shorthand and 
word nroce wlnw nous and an 
Interest In Mgh finance. Solrrv 
c. £ii.5O0. Braanttmaafa Eav 
Cons Ol 726 4431. 

MfiimenMa Rot* ciaooo tor 

CMtgotDfl PA/Sec with S/H at 
leading Healthcare group. Mad- 
ly 22 - 2 S+ you'll enjoy 
MWafakf Satas/MarkaUng ac- 
ovtty. Be am Of Initiative mm 
eui asst* a young dynamic «- 
HflBT boss. Covenl garden 


£9-300. This targe Group has 
many dtvwsUed tatareata. Op- 
ponuntty to Uafae at executive 
leva and become involved In all 
aspects of corporate personnel. 
Sldifa 90 / 50 . A«e eery nmifa 
Capital People 01 200 9384 

a/h secs required (or ttwa inter- 
national company. Wide 
Mriety of duties For good speOer 
wMh V Level EinUtib and raafl 

to control small fanny service 
for City Co. Look after 
database, micro computer sys- 
tems. Own typing SSMoo age 

eoce. Salary ane. Can 377 6600 
«Otv» or 439 7001 (West End) 

HO Fleet SL EC* 363 0127 

Govern Gdn reg neraieSec. 18- 
22 . with audio. SH Si 60 wpm 

PUMJC 4UATHNS. Yovr wits 
and ea njvqi penoaaHty wm 
own* a sopor posUtaa wflbta 
Ms young Design learn. 
AOwpm plus WP. caTOa 
Queer* (Soane So) Ltd. 
01-730 5148. 

said that one of the council's 
complaints was that the inspec- 
tor was so anxious to comply 
with the job creation memiy of 
the Department of the Environ- 
ment Circular 14/85 that he 
paid no proper regard to local 
needs ana local policy as re- 
flected in polity 23 of the Suney 
Structure Ptan, which 
that new speculative employ- 
ment development would not 
normally be allowed, and pro- 
posal SM of the Surrey Heath 
Local Han, which proposed 
th at, ra ve for certain limits 
exceptions, additional employ- 
ment development, indminw 
offices, would not normally be 
permitted wi thin thi» main 
settlement areas of the borough. 

The circular provide* “2. 
New development contributes 
to economic activity and to the 
provision of jobs. It is in the 
national interest to pro m ote *nd 
encourage it The planning sys- 
tem must respond positively 

nomk activity as emphasized by 
the circular which the inspector 
had very much in mind. But it 
was obvious that the need was 
greater in some places, such as 
the North-east because of high 
local unemplo y ment, tten else- 
where. If new jobs were created 
in the wrong places that would 
do little, if anything, to assist. 

So a proper interpret ati on and 
implementation of the circular 
in relation to any individual 
planning application had to 
involve an evaluation of the 
local, as well as the natinnni 
need for economic regeneration. 
The inspector erred in that 

national considerations'^u^ he 
could not have had regard to 
local considerations because be 
had no information as to what 
they woe. 

The inspector thus misinter- 
preted the impact of the circular. 
He had also erred in other 
respects and his decision would 
accordingly be quashed. 

Solicitors: Mr M F Ofik, 
Bagshot; Treasury Solicitor; 
Nabacro Nathansou. 

GLIDEWELL said- that the 
d e fe nd a nt had , been dunged on 
seven informations arising oat 
of the alleged use of aznedhani- 
cally impelled two-wbeded ve- 
hide m die St Anne's district of 

The justices found , that the 
defendant was pushing the ve- 
hicle along a road-They did not 
consider whether he had been 
driving h. They found that the 
vehicle had been mmnifa n i i iiy i 
for road use, but that when it 
whs acquired by the defendant it 
had no registration plates, no 
reflectors, hghte or speedometer. 

The defendant had no driving 
beence and there was no certifi- 
cate of insurance in force in 
respec t of the vehicle. . The 
de fe ndant had been riding the 
vehiefe on an area of waste land 
and was moving it from 

The justices concluded that 
the vehicle was not a m otor 

vehicle within *hf> mamiiM . of 
section 190 of the 1972 Act and 
dial accordingly no offence was 
made out. > 

. It was apparent from section 
190 of the 1972 Act that a 

vehicle might be a motor cycles 
vehide ay dtefined^ if it .wa* 
nfec ft a tric aPypropeflcdr had less 
than four , wheels, but was not 
in tended or -adapted fo r m e on 
'toads. Some motor cycles ‘used 
on speedway tracks mtght fWTM- 
into that category. - . :. v " - 1 
litepgrfocipal'jbase referred to 
<m appeal was Bunts v CurnO 
ffl9o3j 2 QB 433). Tbcxejbml 
rarlcer. Lord Chief Josticn -said 
at p440: "Thus m the . Oe£naiy 

case there mil -be lhtie" 

. difficulty m saying whether' a ' 
particular vehicle b> n x riwi 
vehicle or not. . But to Arfhu. 
exactly the . . of the 

' . words intended or admteir is 
hy no means can. I ftmir that 
- .-the expression ‘intended’ 
does not mean intended by the 
user of the vehicle' either at foe . 
! moment of foe alleged ofience, 
or fortbeJiiture- T 

“I do not think it means the 
intention of the manufacturer or 
the wholesaler or the retailer . . . 

I prefer to make the test whether 

a reasonable person looking at 
the vefakfewoold say that oneof . 

its users would be a road user." 

It wra ro lx emphasised- that 
that test was wfaat would he the 
view erf a reasonable man as to 
foe general uscr of the vehicle, 
not what was -foe particular user 
to which foe purfimibw i^r mn 
pul it . 

If a reasouabfe man api^yiiig 
the test -would ray “Yes, fos ' 
vehicle might well be used on a ' 
road” then tho vehicle was 
int ended or adapted for sudr- 
use. If tiiat were mie case then it 
was nothing to foe point if the 
mdivkhial Awfairigfi T sand 
fae noratally used the wdride for 
scrambling and 'was ratty push- 
ing it . home on occasion 
because there was no other 
means of it "home, or 

sqniefoiiig of thatsort.- 
There might be a difference in 
principle bet w e en a vehicle in its 
original state and one altered 
since its orignal construction If 
a vehicle, for exuhpie a go-kart, 
in its rawnal state <fid not have 
many of foe. attributes of a 
vehicle which was wnm u tiiy 
gong to be used on a road h 
might be tiiat justices would 
have no great ffifiEculty in 
conctndmgthat the vefaicie was 
not intended of adapted for toad 

is barred 


■ Ef-a vehicle was 
manufactured fir road usie- 
then was altered, the. 
ap pro ach might - wefl 
consider whether the degree of 
alteration was so great as to 

Imng foe vehicle outside foe.. __ . 

defimdoah section T 90 <rf foe . A pbmtifF who had sustained 
1972 Act. ' several ipjenes m^an accident 

Onceit was established thaia ^ ^ a daim in 

Before Mr Justice Jupp 
[Jodgment Octifoef 281 

vehicle as manufactured 
. intended txradapted fiir use oua 
' road,- it would require a very 
snbsiantiaL indeed a dramatic, 
a h e ration if it could he said no 
longer to be a motor vehicle. 

• • S&Kh an- examplc aright be 
where a motor vehiefe was fitted 
with spiked tyres or wheels so 
foat it could not be driven on a 
toad. Justices confronted with 
such a case nuiglit bejustified in . 
finding that foe vehide. was not 
adapted for use on a road. 

It ^was miprobatde that a 
: vehicie originally adapted, .for 
road usewouUkjretbmqu&ty- 
Whether - foe -detachment of 
prere quj^ toteratavefaiefe 
m order to camirfy with road 
traffic, rrautations would torn 
foe vehiefem question into one 
which any reasonable p e re on 
would say -..was'- one no kmger 
i nt eikkdorai tfiqted fijrroaduse 
was a question of feet for'tite 
jusices. ; . . 

It was most improbable that 
the omi rai on of foe items re-, 
ferried to -in the instant case, 
would mffice to change that " 
status ofavehidefiom a motor . 
vehide info one which was not a 
motor vefaicie, 

respect ofane of them could not 
. thereafter I win g " & claim in 
respect of soother injury which 
be said arose .from the stone 
acc id en t if the sett lemen t had 
constituted an accord and 

i 14(1) of foe^ 
198G provit 

. .Where section 
limitation Act 1980 provided 
tiiat such a pfennigs date of 
.knowledge, on which the three* 
year famixation period tinder 
section 1 1(4Xi?) began to ran, 
was the date on which he first 
Knew that, “the i nju ry in 
question” was significant or 

attributable to -toe defendant's 

breach, “the iqjmy in question” 
was the first of foe injuries 
which flw p laintifl n iailb l ff fflllO 
be B g n HiM n>iw>m^;fiir linn tO 
institute flw 

eftfeufaqu, and not the injury in 
respect of which the. action had 
beoi brought. 

- Therefore; where the plaintiff 
bad sustained ferial injuries, in 
inspect of which he had threat* 
ened proceeding but had sealed 
foe cfahn btimre instituting 
them, and had subsequently 
-discovered a far more serious 
hipiirimywhic^hedafmed had 
been caused by the same ac- 


' The difficulty Wfes that here 
foe evidence^-*-— - 

([1979 ] 

RTR. 388X foe court had baa 
ofthe vehicle and & 
of it. 

' Thejnstices in foe mKmnt f3»4A 
had decided tint since foe onus 
of pnxd’ was on the prosecutor 
they couktnot on foe evidence 
be tine! foat the vehide fen 
outside the definition in fawctirW 
190 of the ] 972 AcL The justices 

•hv „ , . rident, the limitation period had . 

bqnntto run when the plaintiff A 

„ M w 
SjiW» ™ , tfounes were significant; and a 

vehicle whs .vague and un- rfahw hy mAf jn rffffp ffit of the 

o£ZT-. **«on TS rm 

years <rf discovering the hip 
ngury, was barred by Motion 11* 

Mr Justice Jtipp ab hdd in the 
Queen’s Bench Division, giving 
judgment for the defendant. Mr 
Howard Spencer Grout, having 
determined in his favour three 
prefirmnary issues, in an action 
trended in 1986 

plaintiff, Mr Ffnlq? 

by foe 


SS^for damsgrafora hip 

tekma snch an atotndn. The h^drimed had 

been caused when he had been 

such, an attitnde. The 
would be dismissed. 


Mr Justice Otton agreed. - 
Solicitors: Grown Prosecution 
Service, Bristol; Sansbury BUI A 
Co, BristoL 

PNfaMamiumaL Apply In 
wtltiiM id Bertram Rutp Ltd. 30 
* 31 umgacre. WC2E 9LT or 
Phone Jam Cbytou on 836 
0723 for ftatber Man 


yoir> needed by amrprMng 
COMMERCIAL Ooveot Oarden 
Bureau. UO FkM SL EDO. 353 

you 18-21 looking for a crattve 
55 “tt Jedding pudUMn 
£7,000*. CCrvenl Garden Bu- 
rma ISO Fleet SL EOS 353 

Distinction between mitigation 
and avoidance of income tax 

knocked down by Mr Grom's 
car in 1982 but which he had 
fiat known to be significant and 
attributable to foe accident in 

* 9* 


Printout is admissible 
but not conclusive 

The {plaintiff had s u ffered 

as' 5 - 

facial injuries in the aorident, 
had t hre a te ned fitigation. 


but the claim had been settled 
before proceeding started. 



Die For EM and 

« a rouagnr wtth 
I Wjtni WP exp. £8.O0a 

wr Careen (StaaneSalLM. 

01-730 5148. 

- we wtn twin 
jdjjjhw on - te mp orar y ao- 

OMUiwar coming to Landgnto 
work. We hne tnreresttng. ca- 
reer op mi ng t at all levefa win, 
maMr comnanlei. far wfal edu- 

l*M sec; no W Hu O tm a to Mn 
CHy ca in Market Research. V. 
busy and n mimiu g paridon. 
Age 20 - 35. £9-B0a TM M 
OBbert 028 3886 TUT Any. 

teUWOUM. or pot rtn g PotygloL 
V you have Engum Haorttand. 
caperleiioeal senior leveL nnd a 
good coowaod or SpanMi for a 
W tanking port, or Fraud! for 
nctaknian of a nKmndy nag. 
Jfawor language lota too M the 
MnMAKncy OI 247 0202. 


3 exaung oop*s for ur above 
well known ort orgmOy mh- 
kig CP. otfa A 2nd kdabero. 
c.mgQO- MBA Agy 734 1062 

Sh/Issn/adrntai jlr o uw I 

lor. CU Tony Ol 734 7823 
Ktnosland P e i so mxe . 

HO 8/M. no audio - aR mats need- 
ed fa sound adntn rttflfa. good 
WP typing and on intaren In de- 
atgn. i Q JBrtrt Mny arcMiecta 

SS’SSL *55!: ***2 ao ^ r to 

£9-000. Omni Garden Bn- 
SS »*0 Fl*« SL EG4. 353 
■ o 9b 

Ww* Of tfar amch. of mis 
MVdigiM porilloa as the Mm 
PA. Use your flak- and lodge- oruvidr rareRM nack- 
■4* lor the Dfrrttor whilst 
wtaWfaWng your career. V you 
i»m e good sec Mb and wp exp 
rontart MNanlo Ol 40B 16X6. 
WwktUoo™. Rec Cana. 

01-240 3051/3531 (West End) 
orOt 2403651 KKy]. EUsaoefti 
Hunt Recrunoent Gmsnnanfa. 

to JC9 jOOO - 
AUey -llakad 

ebanw si 
imug secretary. BeautlfW loca- 
iksn. warm, fneouty atwkgw 
tnsoL Lots of people-contact, 
pins nmdveeaenl to land atf- 
MnfetnUan and tnm 
tatvesknenL Some work expert- 
epee m good typing 
rMnested. Aoca or-. Pl ease tew- 
Phone 01-495 G787 Gordon 

fa me business of mis mesadly. 
somecimes hectic NWi org who 
•«* for a secretary 22fafa wfm 
9Q/E Otrti. a years experience 
(pref agency) and verve, charm 
and nous la cope vrftti lots of 
Woewblllty and accounts aasL 
exasoo pa Many review) bo- 
"» + «wer irtnge taneats. 
Jm^ wdnen 01-589 
8807/0010 (Rec CoasL 

««*« I* ooreunvm, im 

Ottng me mernaUonal side of 
aty Advertising Grow wg 
open op new 6 Inlercsttng area 
for y oung PA/Sec snr. wttti 
some previous adverartng expe- 
rience. SfaMUiaud - typing and 
"w* 1 •» good and capad- 

client Ualson. cOO OOO * bo- 
8807/0010 (Dec cum). 




PA/Ssc ndd 20Y - 30TS. EngUpi 

Whand. good typing and layouL 
Up market outlook, preseno- 
ttaft. Charm and education. 
Frmcti tor on going naisaa boat 
an phone and in person with 
MgMy pkcH etteus, bafanest in 
frenen art on asset. CCJ-HOO + 
bonus. Joyce Guineas 01-689 
8807/0010 (Rec COM). 

««w PA mo 4/M. 22-2SUH 
win and overall mvoneme m 
and pantopadan to running 
smaO upmarket oockbroklng 
fartb WC2. PHbUc school 
educattan. pood typing, knowt- 
•dge ne. and ftlenoy approach. 
AH ess entt al to making ms a 
nwrvsllotis ocportunttyl 

£9.000 pa * bonus. Joyce 
Outness 01-589 8807/Qo IO Rec 

orvf local io West Ha 

warned u run small office 
■tortwlHi typing, phones and 
Omens admin and is out ms to 
ckcni liaison OeaUaqrShmSr- 
and pmftjiiuiiB) dam. 
friendly informal art up - as 
teUntog glvesi. c-Eaooo pa 
PJ, hmch allowmce. 
Jgw GutneB Ol gig 
8807/0010 CBec COns). 

Commissiooer of Inland Rev- 
enue t Challenge Corporation 

In hoMing that an arrange- 
ment entered into by a company 
m New Zealand co n stit u ted lax 
avoidance so that the arranre- 
ment was void under section "^9 
of New Zetland's Income Tax 
Act 1976 as against the 
Commissioner of Inland Rev- 
enue .for income tax pmposes, 
the Judicial Committee of the 
Pnvy Council explained foe 
difference between tax mltiga^ 
turn and tax avoidance. 

Their Lordships (Lord Keith 
of Kinkei, Lord Brightman, 
Lord Tcmpteman and Laid 
Goff of Gucvdey, Lord Oliver 
of Ayimerura diMMgnti^g) on 
October 20 aliowed an appeal by 
foe oommisstoner against the 
judgment of the Court of Appeal 
of New Zealand, which by a 
mty'raity bad diwnicmid the 
commissioner’s appeal from the 
I derision of in the High Court of 
■ New Zealand that in ralrailafing 
the income of Challenge 
Corporation Ltd the commis- 
sioner had incorrectly dis- 
allowed a deduction «A»m»Rrf by 
the company. 

delivering foe judgment of the 
majority, said that there were 
discernible distinctions b etween 
a transaction which was a sham, 
a transaction which effected the 
evasion of tax, a transaction 
which mitigated tax and a 
transaction which avoided tax. 

The Transaction in question 
was not a sham. It was not so 
constructed as to create a fo Hg 
impression in the eyes of the tax 
authority. The appearance cre- 
ated by the documentation was 

wim Oifa snail expanding Mar- 
Mbig co. la Wen tfampotaodr 
You wih f jo^ oah 
owed. Rwwttw and o p g aam g 
"Mb good typing and uopatSa 
ototooh to fan oAkv and con- 
tool all Ikdwn ■ opporfuniiy fOr 
rea) invoivmwno c£a_ooona + 
LunCb aHowance. Joyce 

SSSta? 1 -"* 8807/0010 

■Rrttofoo^Srt/Pa C9J2SO 

precisely the reality. 

sion a£so 

Tax evasion also could be 
dis m issed. Evasion occurred 
when the c ommissi oner was not 

informed of all foe facts relevant 
to an assess m ent of tax. Inno- 
cent evasion mq$hl lead to a 
reassessment, fraudulent eva- 
sion might lead to a criminal 
prosecution as wed as reassess- 

A taxpayer had always been 
fine to mitigawe his liability to 
tax. Income tax was mitipiwf 
by > taxpayer who reduced his 
income or menrred expenditure 
in circumstances wtrich reduced 
his assessable incomeor entitled 
him to reduction in his tax 

Thus when a taxpayer exe- 
cuted a covenant md mwdf a 
payment under the covenant he 
reduced his income. If the 
covenant exceeded six years and 

satisfied certain other con- 
ditions the reduction in income 
reduced the assessable income 
of the taxpayer. The tax advun- 
tage resulted from the payment 
under tte cov enan t. 

When a taxpayer mad e a 
settlement, he deprived himself 
of the capital which was a source 
of income and thereby reduced 
his income. If the settlement 
was irrevocable and 
certain other conditions the 
reduction in income reduced the 
assessable income of the tax- 
payer. The tax advantage re- 
sulted from the reduction of 

Where a taxpayer paid a 
premium on a qualifying insur- 
ance policy, he mooned expen- 
diture. The tax s tet n te *" nt lr d 
the taxpayer to reduction of tax 
babOity. The tax advantage 
resisted from the expenditure 

OP the premium 

A taxpayer might incur ex- 
pense on export business or 
incur capital or other expen- 
diture which by witwi^ 
foe taxpayer to a redaction of 
his tax liability. The tax advan- 

tages resulted from the expen- 
diture for which Parfiament 
granted specific tax relief 

Section 99 of New Zealand’s 
Income Tax Act 1976 <fid not 

imply to tax mitigation, where 
the taxpayer obtained a tax 

advantage by reducing his in- 
come o r by incurring expen- 
diture in rirtaunrtances in which 
the raring statute afforded a 
reduction m tax faabflity. 

Section 99 did apply to tax 
avoidance. Income tax was 
avoid ed an d a tax advantage 
was derived from an arrange- 
ment when the taxpayer reduced 
his liability to tax without 
involving Mm in the loss or 
expenditure which entitled faun 
to that reduction. 

The taxpayer engaged in tax 
avoidance did i 

not reduce his 
income or suffer a loss or incur 
expenditure but nevertheless 
obtained a reduction in ■ his 

liability to tax as if he had. 

In an arrangement of tax 
avoidance the financial position 
of the taxpayer, was nnaflftyw xi 
(save for the costs of devising 
and implementing the arrange- 
ment) and by foe arrangement 
the taxpayer sought to obtain a 
tax advamagewithour suffering 
that reduction in income, loss or 
expenditure which other tax- 
payers suffered and which Par- 
liament intended to be suffered, 
by any taxpayer quafifVing for a 
reduction m his liability to tax . 

. ff a taxpayer asserted a reduc- 
tion massessabfe income, or if a 

taxpayer sought tax refief with- 
oat suffering foe expenditure 
which qualified for such relief 
then tax avoidance was in- 
volved and the commissioner 
was entitled and bound, by 
section 99 to adjust the assess- . 
able income of the taxpayer so 
a$ to eliminate tire tax advan- 
tage sought to be obtained. 

Taylor v Commissiooer « t 
Police of the Metropofis 
Before Lmd Justice GfidewdL 
and Mr Justice Otton 
[Judgment Octobor 29] 

A _ computer printout was 
admis si b le evidence under sec- 
tion 182(2A) of the Rood Traffic 
TffJ* 7 ?’ f»™*®*od by section 
*.J3(3) of foe Road Traffic Act 
1974, but was not conclusive 
evidence on. whether a; defen- 
dant had made an application to 
the magistrates* court for a 
disqual ifi ca ti on for bolding a 
driving licence, imposed under 
section 94 of the 1972 Act to be 
suspended pending his appeal to 
tire crown- court.- 
.The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so hdd in allows 
ing an appeal by the defendant, 
Richard. Taylor, agwncf the . 
decision of Mr Recorder An- 
thony (Hass, QC, sitting with 
justices at Knightebridge Grown 
Court on December 4, 1985, to 
allow his appeal from Welb 
Street Magistrates’ Court so as 
to substitute a period of dis- 
qualification of 18 months for 
one of 22 months, to run from 

tire date of lire appeal, in reqpect 
•of drivi 

of. an offence -of dr ivin g with 
excess alcohol in Ids breath 
contrary to section 6(1) of the 
1972 Act, ^ substituted by 
section 25(3) of and Schedule 8 
to the Transport Act 1981. 

Mr Andrew Cohen for tire 
defendant; Mr Anthony Pins for 
foe prosecutor. : 

that at the bearing of .tire appeal 
before the crown court the 
d e fendan t had given oral ev- 
idence that he bad not driven 
since his conviction, nor had be 
made an application before the 
magistrate for the disqualifica- 
tion to be sui 


ted tha t , that period should, 
commence frofo the dote of tire 
origind conviction. '■ 

The reorder concluded ..oh 
tire basis of a computer printout 
tint tire defendant had made ' 
such an ^pli^jon- The recrod 
of tire ma g istrates’ court con- 
tained no entry to that effect i‘-' 
man 182(2A) did not make 
foe .printout conclusive ev- 
idence of tbedefendam’s having 
made foe appheation. U merely : 
madextadmrsable. • 

That win a proper concession! 
Once a challenge was nude by . 
the defendant to that evidence^ 
then in tire absence of support-' 
mg oral or docume n tary ev- 
idence foe recorder should not 
have acted mxm it. 

. Section 98 therefore applied 
and tire poipd of disqu^Sca- 
tion began to run from the date ’ 
of tire origmal conviction. “ 

WELL,- agreeing; said that ' 
Wilkinsons Road Traffic Of 
Jiifces(l20i edition) cf mtain fxi g 
passage at p783: “Disqualifica- 
tion is notsuspendedby notice 
of appeal alone (JKkfner v Dan- 
^910) 74 JP 127)); there 
ire an ^mhcation to 
it"'. - 

„ That case was not aufoority 
for both those propositions, 
only the first As a matteroflaw 
the second was not correct 
Section 94 empowered the- 
mwistraies’ court of its own 
volition to suspend ah enter of 
disq ual ifi cation. . In . practice it 
would never do so unless tire 
defendant had madean *ppKra- 
tion- That seemed a proper 
Course. Wilkinson set - out the 
practice ratirertoan the law. 

_ Solicitors: -G. H. Gelberg fe 
Go, Mragron; Grown Prosecn- 
Hon Service, 

.. Mr Robert Nelson, QC and 
fair Roger Cox for tire plaintiffi 
Mr Domed O’Brien, QC and 
Wt Christopher J. Russell fin- 
tire defendant 


You W 1 B be working as Ms «c- 
rr tgry b ut M he am tuna wfi 
M trafned to an aspects of deco- 
MR and amgn. Siam 
10^0. Age 23m s-tory 
“-929-J PHaae tokMKine Ange- 
to MortUwr ud l Rec Cora) 
W «M Office Ol 629 9M& 

lanato for Word Prooafng 
g tato q Iwta traau. emwkw 
oaupnkm. atnmuni -A- level 
Prmroofjr degreed. Age 19-22 

fameodBmd Stoiei CBec Cora) 

01-629 1204. 

MO w.pjb j and 
Qtaenema vttaL 
togrtfm wita nt aotsv » 

FtoodStreeL (R>cGonuoi«N 

"rare * 41 1,000 DM, vnnr 

oogawiie Uus IwcMc team, 
gpM ewo#. age 2 a*. cm 

Hodge ncMBMnengjS' 

PR On with boauuroi omcea 
seeks a wefl educated and watt 

ly 20^5. THs porttton reaidres 
a s el! staner wkh good 
«WKwooal and coimmaifca- 
ikwi awm eo won M conortaM 
SH/mo. can Lonutoe aos 
6148 Ktagrtand Pen Coo* 
mawijBT/aK/Tw 2 omi 
wnh odninmnt 6 monlha expo- 
n*oca has onoorrunity to Mn 
lively, eagondlng export group 
rnovtng to super new Swfa* Gof- 
toga offices. Monarch swIiol 
Mot. pvoSoad typing and gen- 
wally keeping things and people 
undo- control, c .£7.600 pa I re- 
view after 3 months) + boons. 
■Joyce Guta ess OL-S99 
8307/0010 (Rec CM 

connected lo aw retrain do in- 

«*uwry. Mn DUS even known 

company bi tfiefr busy market- 
log dep a it i ueiiL Lois of 
lovofvenwni and 50% aamtutv 
tratton. 90/30 rtdifatoM I yens 
ofnee enmner. Age 19+. 
Please Ufeptaone OI 200 
3511/3531 (West End) or Ol 
2403551 cctxyl Bfaafaeth Hunt 
RecnduneM Oamndtanis. 

co nditi o ns and ormped* tor ca- 
pable antofUoux moot 
stop Exeeudve Cor- 

Security for costs against N Ireland company 

D- S. Q. Property Go Ltd ▼ 
Lotus Cars Ltd and Others 
Before Mr Justice Mllleti 
[Judgmem October 24] 

There was no reason in prin- 
ciple why security for costs 
should not be riven against a 

company with limited lialrility 
incorporated and resident in 
Northern Ireland which was in 
receivership and liquidation. 

Mr Justice Mi Hen refused, in 
a Chancery Division chambers 
judgment released for puMka- 
i lion, to be bound by a rale of 
practice established by Raeburn 

receivership and 
i individual 

and two maivianai def endan ts. 

Lotus and foe third defendant 

. Poritibn vim; in the care of an Englifo 
eiuoyed by no other insolvent resuksn, lack of means was not 

rale l(lXa) of ti 
Supreme Court, 

of the 

_ ^ . fin- security for 

c osts. Olde r 23 conferred an 
express power to nwi* gnrfi an 
order against a plaintiff who was 
ordinarily outride the 
tion, that is, outride 
and Wales. 

PHK.IKV IK t Oxfofrt 
iDdDamg fame 

p mm fliiimw. Must have good 
90/60 OM kn of IBM 
dfaPUrwrWr io teMpack a. 
Rrtk but rtlmntsttoa -gan 
aiMaa* aunoa a h m . naooo 
pa. tad e/L mongagt- ml mc. 
Joyte GBtncs 01-589 

bbot/ ooxo ate c Oame. 

*00*0 SEC muUH for partner 

« WC2 utatnior. AcfurMr fart 
art a eoe or humour 
Legal m wlwwr pov 

.. fB-WO 0»«r- 

dtvMtoi of large etty co 

_ --- admin atllfa _ _ 

Good oorka hnrtruung two 

•rtgrof Frweh wmiwiiim. Lohof 
Inyn hwent WW censdar ert- 
hwr IjfaR. CM 6S7 6277 
Maty Omcs Rrc Con. 

work In an ad Mancv am PR 
rootpany. Mart oe weO fpotan 
Mil wn. Salary rX7JOO 
Wjkta Amanda or OctHld 
Cmwforas Roe Com 93fi 

PA. tor m ap Invoh-cg bHlngual 
ooRUm. AaM wun ag aswas 
Bf pros- 

■orts f.CT.OOO 23+ Lfak 
Languago Appb 846 9743 

®rMr 1 a« 3 £Si 

LtaikLnisuagr Amu 

SS£y , cioxmo. ago 7ooi 
irr 8 , Cndi 577 8600 (CHyL 

to ewrtence g, quaUftnaana. 
Tdb ftWP 01-73) 4241, 

PR fbiOOO. join young ennorur 
te am i nvolving aaminirtfaaBW. 

te WPfirtmwnh xhon- 


gg“ n « r Ol 486 6961 RBC 

3 to fiptariq for lop 
tasof involve- 
mm and pa work, mum hove 
WangekP. LniD fa aiyu o— . 

■ a i w euAL HsW 

Aftr around 35 Flair mow 
meal oi «ia »» 

klence outside me junsaicuon 
against a plaintiff who was 
resident in another part of the 
United Kingdom. 

His Lordship sx> held in 
proceedings brought by the 
plaintiff D. S. Q. Property Go 
Ltd against Lotus Cars Ltd and 
two individual defendants. The 
plaintiffs claim was for dam- 
ages for an alleged conspiracy to 
defraud. The first and third 
defendants applied to strike out 
on the ground that the statement 
of claim disclosed no cause of 

Despite that, Mr Lloyd con- 
tended that there was either no 
jurisdiction to make such an 
order where the plaintiff al- 
though resident outside England 
and Wales, was resident in 
another part of tire United 
Kingdom, or that if such juris- 
diction, in theory, existed, it was 
nevertheless contrary to the 
settled practice of tire court to 
exercise it. 

of the United Kingdom. 

ft would be able to sue in tire 
English courts without provid- 
ing security for costs, and h 
would enjoy a privilege, not 
enjoyed fay companies incor- 
porated and resident -in Eng- 
land, and which it would not 
f in tire courts in Northeren 

was not 

His Lordship would not be 
willing to reach such a conclu- 
sion unless forced by principle 
or authority to do so. His 
Lordship had heard fuller and 
different arguments from those 
3 ted to- Mr Justice Bing-. 

Mr Nicholas Strauss, QC 
Mr Mark Hangood for the first 
defendant; Mr Christopher 
Sumner for the thud defendant; 
Mr Timothy Lloyd, QC. for the 

Mr Justice Bin gham in Wil- 
son Vehicle Distributions Ltd v 
The Colt Car Co Lid ([19841 
BCLC 93), a case indistinguish- 
able on its facts, had refused 
such an order, holding that he 
was bound by the dedrion of tire 
Divisional Court in Raeburn v 
Andrews, which laid down that 
security for costs should no 
toager be ordered on the ground 
of residence outside tire jurisdk> 
tion against a plaintiff who was 
resident- in another part of the 
United Kingdom. 

said that the plaintiff D. S. O. 
Property Ltd, etomwl riamagw 
from tire defendants, Lotus Cats 
Ltd, a limited company incor- 
porated and resident in North- 
ern Ireland which was now in 

Mr Justice Bingham i»*m that 
that case laid down a rale which 
bad been accepted as governing 
the practice of tbe court for over 
a hundred years, and that he was 
not at liberty 10 depart from it. 

if that were correct tbe am-. 
sequences would be startling — 
m tiiat an insolvent company 
incorporated and resident in 
Northern Ireland would bc in a 

Hi* Lordship proceeded to 
examine the law - as it hsut 
developed since before 1786, 
referring to Pray v Edie ((1785) 
Dura & E 267), Crozat v 
Broaden (T1894] 2 QB 30) and 
Wakelyv Triumph Cyds Co Ltd 
ff 1924] I KB 214) and ebatwg Ae 
brought about by section 69 of 
the Joint Stock Act 1856 and 
subequent legislation relating to 
companies; and the Judgments 
Extension Act 1868. 

Mr Strauss submitted that 
Raeburn v Andrews was not a 
case in which the plaintiff was 
impecunious, and that it was 
accordingly no authority where 
the plaintiff was not only res- 
ident in Northern Ireland ’but 
was -also without sufficient 
means to jay foe defendant’s 


Tire plaintiff was an kdivid- 
ual resident within tire United 
‘Kingdom, and amenable to tire 
process of tire En pfo* courts. 
Tfcs fact that he happened to be 

re sident in Scotland was : trreleK 
vant, .and there was no reason to. 
discriminate against him by 
treati ng . him any. - differently 
from a defendant sunfiariy 
plxoed bm resident in England. 

That, however, was Simply, 
not the presort cas e . The pre sen t 
plaintiff was not an individual, 
but an insolvent company with 
a Emited liability. If it were 
“corporated and -resident in 
England , security would be or- 
dered^ against it under section 
726of the Companies Act 1981; 

This was not a case in which 
tbe defendants .not u»Hng to 
discriminate against a resident 
in Northern Ireland, blit where - 
the plaintiff was seeking to be 
treated differently and more 
advantageously man a plaintiff 
similarly placed in En gland 

.rcridenr in England. That was 
still the law but Raeburn v 
Andrews, had, and could have, 
no application to .a plaintiff 
which was an- insblvent com- 
pany with limited liabilit 

. . There, too, in l.874; hsi 
status was irrelevant, 

consequences were ^ 

wherever incorporated and res- 
ident within tire United King- 
dom, security for costs could i « 
ordered against- ft. That re- 
maimed the law until 1929; but it. 
had not been the law since. 

Nothing, however, in Rae- 
bum v Andrews req u ire d ' an 
mserfyent company with, limited 
hamhty mcorponued and res- 
ident in Northern Ireland to be 
rested Bee . an . impecunious 
mdrvKiual resident in EngfandL 

. Tbequesuon7**eihertoeriite ' 
of pracajce laid down in Rae- 
atrn v- Andrews applied to 
l imite d companies could not 
faavt arisen, before 1929, and so : 
far as his Lordship , knew, had 
not be en - raised before the 
present case, trwas not raised or 
considered * “ 

. MR JUSTICE JUPP said that 
foe plaintiff only ever M one 
cause of action m respect of all 
foe injuries caused by the ao- 
If the seftiement of the 
. <5aKh id inspect dt tbe 
iryuries bad constituted 
■n areorri and satisfaction. It 
had destroyed the whole of that 
arose of action, just as a 
judg ment would have done, and 
constituted a bar to any later 
action founded on foe same 
cause of action; even though for 
farfocT damages: see Sabnond 
and Heuston on Torts, 18tb/ 
edition (1981) p554_ 

. It was dear from the authori- 
ties that whether a settlement 
had constituted an accord m\ d 
satisfac ti on , rather, than a mere 
Agreement to pay and receive 
da m ages accrued at that rime, 
,*ras a question affect. 

• ffis Lordship was satisfied on 
foe evidence tto tire settlement 
of tire facial injury c fayjm had 
constituted an accord and 
s at isfaction and that no-cause of 
action. survived. 

The second issue which he 
hsti to determine, was whether 
' the plaintiffs date of knowledge 
under section 14 of the 1980 Act 
' had.been more than three years 
before the issue of foe writ His 
- Lpfdstup was quite satisfied ths^ 
the writ had been issued within 
three years of the plaintiff s date ( 
of knowfedge in respect of the ■ 
i njury for which damages. were 
claimed in the action. 

A difficulty arose from foe 
fee* t hat white section II re- 
ferred to actions “in respect of 
p^nal i^uries’*, section 
14(1), which defined “date of 
xnow tedge“ foe the purposes of 
“ctiMi 1 1, referred to foe date 
on which tbe .plaintiff first had 
knowledge of the fact that “the 
injury in question” was signjfi- 
ram and attributable to the 
de fenda n t' s act or omission. 

Lordship’s judgment, 
tirechange from phrraltorinl 
Sufarwas i not accidental and had 
a meaning. It comemplaied 
cases where .more than one 
injury, arose from one act or 
omission, one or more of which 
did not become apparentTor 
appear significant, until some 
tune after the accident. 

In HK* >a case, the limitation V* 

to until 
foosejnjunes was first 
-to be .si gni ficant, as 
,4<2X b « 

once it. had begun . to nut, a 

ea Sb.» * “■ 
taw* 3T ' 

ays? r y 




” ‘ - 
t; -- 

t 4 jj»- 

j i 

if;'*' ~ 



applied in respectof'aD injuries. 

plaintiff -bad 

were significant, and the actim 
was baited by section n. 

The third preliminary iss»* 

should exenase his dis^n? 

of foe 1 ? 1 oa£ 
to tbsapply. section \ i. ^ 

-,‘i ; 

Thar wouM stand the decision 
in Raeburn » Andrews on its 


linportant of 

^In Ids Lordship^ s judgment: was the-sewSait, 
the rate did not imply. Or if his Tr K _ 

Lqi&iup were wrong as. to foat, httn h ^fc*J f,8l,t - ^ tbe re had 
then foe purpose of Orde^B & ' J* “use of actiS 
was to make a newstart fay- SL/SSL.** seltlan «^H 

sweeping away foe encrustation ?» accord an* 

proettded on. ihe _ straight- of accumulated practice,- and' ^SwL p . n ’ J 1 ^ouid not h? 
i mvMd principle that ir re le v an t suhsritu ti ng a general discretion. ^^““^Joffisapply section i 
fiiniiiHintw •“ *-• ■- Accoidingiy *' -■ J T< " “ v * *■ 



In his Lmdfofr's.-view. foe 
true ratio.ofRaeoumv Andrews 

^ His Lordship could not accept 

foaL In Raeburn v Andrews it 
cud not appear -whether ‘ the 
phdmiff was with or without 
means, but then that was imto- 

cucumstances should be. ig- 
noredr where a p lain tiff was an 
individual, with or wtiboift 
bis residence in Scotland 
or -Northern Ireland was 
.irrelevant. . 

He was wi thin riacb of foe 
court’s process, and security 
should uGf he ordered against 

him any more than it would be 
against an indi vidua] plaintiff 

was -no 

reason in pnnchde why. security 
; should not be ordered 

for costs 

■ against foe pfemtiff and foe 
question wouM bh. refined to 
foe master to -decide - wbether 
any; and . ff ■ so how much, 
secuii^fooulfj^ . . 


Jb e settlement 
..cpDsntuted an 



satisfaction, w tf 

fe- cxerdseiJw 









old records 

Flram Dsrid Haadst 
^^~Corresp< ‘ 



a-i - 

If Ireland contiane to play 
Kte this, we are in for an 
exhilarating season. More 
likely this massive success, by 
seven goals*- three tries and 
two penalty goals to nil at 
Lansdowne Road on Saturday 

will serve as a coating, of . L . . - , -- 

fat,snstenance against fanwr the southern bemisplwpfa^ 
trmRs and m yfrh e s « «s on their visit to Britain last 

There is grave danger of *7*7- , - 

i a disservice and - Ircfaja ^s attitude to the 

area save 

where the R omanian pack 
conceded only one lied 
against the head did no 
ground, even when the test of 

their game was in rains. ■ 
Dona] Leoflan, hduuTs 
new captain, suggested that 
the concentration of his 
owed much to the individual 
fitness work many of his 
players have carded outdar- 
ing the Sommer, having wit- 
acquired by 



S'., J 

. i* 

_ that, they won by 
a margin because Roma- 
nia were so. poor. They were, 
but Ireland took, the kind of 
advantage — and were allowed, 
to do so by thoughtful referee- 
ing on the pvt of David 
Bishop — .that the home 

game emerged as early as the 
third minute. Gibson won the 
first three fineouts, Dean ran 
the tell, and two long passes 
released . MacNeflL His -chip 
ahead saw Hoddrca caught by 
Crossan, and Anderson 
charged in for the loose ball 
and the try —the only cme by a 
forward: The sloppincss oft 

-r% i • i . i luiwMu. inc uuppmcsx ui urc 

rOVClty III plflying Romanian defence was ex- 

and In planning rt^j***^* 

“ T --.V' ‘ 

- . : 

■ ' - 


It • 
i . 1 . 




‘ - - v: ' - 

• - -.r - 



J • 
a r.-- 

Irebnd could be 
been as poverty-stricken 
their economy is reprated to be 
(David Hands Writes). They 
initially arranged, to fir into 
DttbBn last Wednesday but 
to Friday for, erne 
gggn air? econoiBic reasons. 

Ireland had initially aflerad 
Romania a. ‘mini-tour* of two 
matches, building np to the 
international , in which case 
the Irish Rugby Football 
Union would hate looked after 
many of the expenses. Bnf 
Romania's prior inter- 
nationals prevented that, so 
the costs .became the same as 
for all ridting mtkrasfor « 
single domestic international. 

At one stage, Romania had 
decided to lent Dublin on 
leave early yesterday morning. 
Whether there is a case far the 
home —Sons giving Romania a 
helping financial hand, so as 
to encourage their rugby, is 
anotheramtter: there are other 

who need such asristancb 

_ ran off a scrum and 
agamst was allowed to keep going 
to have ' untouched iq die fine. 

Ireland fed 22-0 at the 
interval and thereafter were 
aMe to give Crossan his head 
on the left wing. The little 
Ulsterman was the beneficiary 
of a horrid Romanian mid- 
field . defensiv e alignm ent 
which never saw toe error of 
its-ways. The best <tf his three 
tries was the second, when 
Ireland ran -a R omanian re- 
start back and the pieces fell 
into, place so smoothly it was 
almost tilted tnfrriag session. 

What can be said of Rom 2 - 
nia? Tbey were unfortunate to 
lose their scram halt Sec*- 
eteanu, with a damaged right' 
knee, ten minutes before toe 
thing ■. between him and 
Coman - anyway. Dumitras 
endeavoured. 10 plug some of 
toe holes and the two locks 
made a degree of headway in 
the loose but, for a -side that 
held Prance to 2Q-3 the pre- 
vious week, their lack of 
organisation was astounding. 
They had tine© penalty at- 
by Nastase, and 
went dose to a try in 

Pulling a flanker; Pegler, at Ms Waspish best, is too fleet of foot to allow himself to be pegged back by Hancock 

Third man 
is the 
best man 

By Nicholas Keith 

Dismissal remains mystery 

By Gerald Davies 







t' “ 

<- i- •- 


+& -• 

* *- 
. +~t- ' 

m* •>- 



r.-- - 

< J' 

k * 

am** 1 , f 

H rfr'-'V 

* ■ 

tvv- 1 ** 
«*?• ‘•* v 


r . _ 


. . . - -« • . 

countries do not always take. 

1 JSS?* ^ inmates hut They 

most tries in an international;- ji- - fc— ^ 

ax against France (19l3>and :■ hju, owe Mnan, book*. 
Scotiand (1953V It was, m- a*a*JBT Qamu+>tm nmamn vy m»- 
evitably, Romania’s Worst de- 
feat, exorciszitg the 59-3 
trouncing by Prance in 1924. ' 

So much for . sta ti stics. - 
Rather let ns revel in the 

running of .tad Dean, who 

opened the way for so many erf 
his team's ten tries and scored (puppmon^i 
two himsdfi^ floating fike spin- 
drift . through the ragged 
Romanian defence; the sro- 
port of Nigd Our, who 
breathed life into dying move- 
ments, and the acceleration of 
Brendan Muffin, who also 
scored twice. 

The Irish dominated every 


: - % 

\-VM - 

w • ■ - J' dements at' toeir command, enough 

Sun shines on hnglana ^ 





En^snd rounded off a highly 
successful fourday training trip 
to Portugal with an easy victofY 
over the host t»untty in the 
Algarve fishing port of Othao on 
Saturday. As. a result, a tour- 
nament involving E ighnvd , Por- 
tugal and Spain is Hedy to be 
arranged for next ApriL . 

This is considered ideal final 
preparation for England's bufld 
bp to the first World Cup in 
Ansfr yfasig in May -and June 
Tom McNab, a top athlrtira 
coach who oversaw the training, 
said: “When this team goes to 
the World Cup « wffl bebw 
fittest ever produced by England 
pOTWgal look the lead twice in 
the first 15 minutes as an 
anxious England tram 

errors in" dofence-Their 
stand-off; Queimado, scored au 

their 15 
For . 
mances of 

the Der&r- 
toe Otxdl 

fiiB bade, Smito, toe Richmond 
outside half and Wasps, prop, 
Jeff Probyn, c auflit the eye. 
probyn and Smith came os as 
second half rep l acements for 
Andrew and lee. Three tries 
firm the Wasps wira, Bafley, 
ensured foal Portugal suffixed 
lbeir heaviest defeat tohistory. 

t mminlaii W 


Sa tacwMi we one of those 
sides who do not look much 00 
paper .but are always hard to 
twit esoedaUv at' Southaate: 
Wasps would not have fended 
their chances as seven men were 
m Portugal whh England and as 
the weatoer was as wedy Uack 
as a witch's cauldron,. . . 

In the conditions ai surpris- 
ingly large crowd could easily 
have been treated to a prolonged 
rendering. of ■ the 
hippopotamus's chorus. But 
there were three fine tries and 
several dunce moments to 


.Wasps were not -afraid to he 
adventurous and use some diy- 
weatber tactics, espeaallyin the 
second half when they had the 
ete uvents jn their favour. They 
were urged on by their, captain, 
Pegter, who showed a rare turn 
of foot for w fianker. They also 
found a yoimg hero in 
: RufoardsOn, ' their thirdchoice 
-foabaefc, who wra iock sobd in 
^fefenoe and scored probably the 
best and certainly the most 
endtitty.- ' ,l; 

But for the first 40 minutes 
Wares ' had 7 to withstand a 
bombardment caused as much 
by the camfitions as-by their 
opponents. Try as they might, 
Saracens felled to jam toe larder 
door open and they o nly .on ce 
canto near a by when Lawrence 
Smith was ' denied by frantic 

Two penaltiesby Smith were 
ofiset 1^ one from Richardson 
in Wasps’ only sortie into foeir 
enfoouents’ baff. towards half 
trmt An exceBort tty three 
minuiieainio toe second half was 
exactly' what Wasps wanted, 
although it derided toe fete of 
toe match. 'Ellison had put 
Richardson away for an un- 
converted, try and, wth the 
dements at' torir command, 

A penalty by 
followed by a splendid try from 
Simon Smith, after. Pegter had 
done afl toe work with a 40-yaitl 
run and a neatly timed inside 
pass to toe former England 
winger. A brave penalty the 
Saracens' Smith - was rudely 
answered first by. Richardson’s 
boot and then by Smon Smith. 
Tlus.was a typical effort in the 
comer and after an original 
fonistby Pdlow and Pegjer. 

Wasps MQ be eager to get at 
Bath next Saturday and they 
have some happy selection 
problems to solve before then. 

Nobody seemed to have seen 
toe inodes t. No one could 
recollect anything. It was all 
strangely anonymous. But Gar- 
eth Sun wMMMfc, one of the best 
young referees in Wales, was 
dear m the ce r ta in ty with which 
be instructed Adrian Owen, 
Bridgend's captain, off the field 
in toe 22nd minute of the 
second half of tins match. 

It would repear that he had 
kicked one of toe Bristol players 
bat nobody seemed to know 
much about it On this occasion 
all toe sympathy went to toe 
player sent off . 

It was completely out of 
character with the game up to 
foat m ome n t, although the last 
quarter of an hour, in the wake 
of the incident, turned un- 
pleasant. The home team, lead- 
mg 19-7 at that time, went on to 
are by two goals, a tty and three -. 

penalties to two tries and a 

With Hos kicking a penalty 
frran an infringement ai the first 
ruck, Bristolhad gut off early in 
torir attempt to up toe 
good score they needed by the 
interval. Bridgend, instead of 
playing a waiting game until toe 
changeover, responded quickly 
with exerting running of their 
own. They polished off their 

«TtaplnT>g with tfime scoring and 

by the end of the halfhad scored 
three good tries. 

Webbe got the first when 
Grabham created the balf break 
for Apsee to send the winner 
cantenng in at his ease. Lynn 
mnrff the running on the ten to 
set up toe ruck from which 
Gareth Williams scored the 
second. Another combined at- 
tack to an end when 

Webbe set three on the right, 
chipped ahead, Hogg was held 
and John Morgan scooped up 
the ball to GrifSths, the prop, to 
get the try. GoodfeHow con- 
vened two of these: 

Not that it was as one-sided as 
all this might yigg f g but the 
home team were better at taking 

their chances. The visitors did 
gel a good try just before half- 
time when Woodman, on toe 
left wing, scored after his for- 
wards had won possesaomhe 

With toe home team extend- 
ing this lead with a penalty by 
GoodfeQow, the second half was 
proving as active as the first But 
the sending off of Owen affected 
die general good temper of his 
icam. Can - scored a splendid try 
for Bristol in the corner by 
beating four defenders on toe 
way. After that foe match, so 
glowing in its early enterprise, 
dragged to a dose, with 
GoodfeQow managing to kick 
two further penal ues. 

SC0RER& BMflWXt Tite 6 WMba. O 
ViHams, M Gnftths. Cawcatom: P 
Goodtofcw etPwtta* P Soodfetow 
fo. Bnstot Tma: D Woodman, J Can. 

'GoexPsOow; G Webb*. J 

Amm, S Grabham. J 14 m (rape C 
M (Mb. L Pft*ps. P Edwards, J 
Morgan, A Owen, J JMttas. L Oanas, S 

BRISTOL: J WabbK J Carr. J W a tson. S 

BrCcntion ABan 


Maesteg— — ; — 

— - — 0 

Nottingham preserved their 
. unbeaten record without too 
much trouble at Beestou on 
Saturday, scoring a goal and two 
penalty goals against Maesteg. 
Next Saturday they take that 
record — IB wins and a draw — 
to Leicester for what may be 
their hardest match so fer. 

In the past Leicester and 
Nottingham have usually met in 
midweek, to such has b een th e 
growth xrf interest in the fixture 
that the change 10 Saturday 
became inevitable. 

Not tingha m were without six 
first-choice players against 
Maesteg but their organization, 
control and defence were sound 
enough to disguise the fed. 

scored all their points in 
the first baff when they had a 
following wind, and though they 
lost the second half territorially, 
they won it tactically. 

‘ Tie baric 1 row of Koial, 
Thomtey and. Hughes tariffed 
Maesteg into anonymity when 
the ball was in the open. 
Thomtey had an exceptional all- 
round game. Only Mark Jones, 
the Maesteg stand-off was able 

-to break toe first lineef defence, 
and be was let down by the 
shaky handing of those beyond 
him. Maesteg's up-apd-tznders 
also feited, dropping like plums 
into the safe bands of Byrom. 

Hodgkiason kicked two pen- 
alties rad in between converted 
a smart tty by NorthartL This 
was toe indirect result of a 
mused penalty by Hodgkinsoo. 
Maesteg were caught in foeir 22 
and conceded a scrum from 
which Morgan, acting as a 
decov. ran to the open side 
without the ball while Northard 
went through to score on the 

In both halves Maesteg bad 
toe pm-in at scrums on the 
Nottingham fine but were kept 
at bay. Once, Roberts lost the 
ball as he aimed for toe touch- 
down. Mike Thomas missed an 
easy penalty. One way and 
another, you feh that Maesteg 
could have run around until 
midnight without scoring. 

SCORERS: NoObotaBi: Tf* Hertford. 
CoawnioR Hodktagson. P >p Wti » r 

C Jones, M 

Hertford, G tttrtey, R Gtans; S 
HotMdnsov P Morgan: M Ghndfi. S 
UeSi«L A Sfoptwro, G KorU, C Gray.N 
Ms rmaPT tiorTWy.gHufltiML 
MAESTEG: M- Thames; G Evans, k 
Betonen. P Wood. W Thomas: M Jones. 
N Rotwts: R DoOie. C Owray. P ftencis, 0 
Brown, N Jones. P Scott. R ImW, N 

R e* W e e. J(teiS8on( W orthuna>ertan«g. 

Sale keep their record 

By Mtefcael Stevenson 



Bwnarrto(ca«ferf - 

EMQUUO; P WeM; M Mention. J 

CWMen. K SWnma. MBteijpjR Andrew 

Wwwtjottom. P Sbip«an(HpMta. rape C 



L SRttt C 

Sfotfi (Z). 

»_ . 

: sntei 
M Panfnun. J 

Artamtctr. • • • _ ... 

WASPS: D JBdwdaon; S Smith. 
N Pratt G Holme*, A Stoma (rap: B 
Bowers), A Wchei, MWgty, S O'Leary, J 
Bonner. D Pagler. J OMoq. 

S «5ey<YorfcsHr^ 

Stem _ 

.. . 22 




All Blacks remain unbeaten 

New Zealand maintained 

tbd r winaing 5“^ 
fourth match of their French 
tour when they forashed^u 
selection from XangaedOC- 
Susilloa at PaP^on 
Saturday. The AH Blais, who 
fielded toeir^m^* 
nmvtvahaa for toe fitst nn»; 

France tins 

his team's saprero- 
icy by scoring 23 points, inriud- 
ing two fries, and scrub* half 
David Kirk added tome tries to 
toe total TtewZtetend ted 13-0 
at the interval; but 
the French 
■ second half 

sRo unPotf s] 
came fns a t are error i 
.Black thnxquarierc . 

- international winger Fabre 



Kiertfl Crowley . 


scored the .tty. wWch was con- 
verted by- Atmatic- ' 

• Russia beal toe French A side. 
15-9 in an bnemational Ama- 
teur Rugby Federation match a 
Begfcs oa Saturday. The Rus- 
sians, who never went behind 
'during toe match, led 6-3 at half 
time,*!*! scored, toe only try of 

the game: through Andreyev 
minutes. ". 

Ongfl, without their England 
squad m e m ber s and further 
disrupted by injury to their 
scrum half and hooker, ag ai n 
feited to register toeir first ^ wm at 
Brooklaads when they were 
decisively beaten by Sale on 
Satnzday. Sale, for k»g periods 
starved of possession, used what 
came their way more imagi- 
natively than Om£, and won by 
two goals, a try and two pen- 
alties to a goal and a penalty. 

. Once again. Sale tackted so- 
, and if one were to ume 
: player in this context, h 
would be toeir young centre, 
Oulton; Jenion, sharp m attadc 
from foil back, and their 
chunky, indestructible wing; 
Benjamin,, also played splen- 
didly. Buckicm and Cusam, in 
toe pack, and FeU perforated 
well for OnetL 

For a brief period in the first' 

haff Onril came dose to their 
first win on Sale territory. 
Langforrfs penalty afier half an 
hour nudged Oirefl ahead. But 
the lead was short lived. Sale 
rallied, with Jemon's Cost pen- 
alty malting it 7-2 at half time. 

The best rugby of the match 
followed toe resumption, bring- 
ing Sale a crucial tea-point lead. 
Jenion’s second penalty realis- 
tically put Sale out of reach. 
And dose to injury time, Jenion 
a pirn aiTOW Bd *hth thft lfrne at 
outside ce n tre, chipped pre- 
cisely and the speedy Thomas 
got a touchdown for Jenion to 

nrtn. H Itemas. Paotoag - kp fo 
Qt£ORHOfe« JBrtoe W. ORKLU 
Trt«FsAtoa*ir. Langfcrt. Cdbwv 

at!»HTteM^ Itop q.P 

atmeUd. H Brotenltc G Rtiteny. H 

Gafin* y. M Ttexms. I BuBough. M 
Heirtasn. M Ktnhck. ...... 

ORSaii S Tabemro PHM S 
Ungfert. D ftE I WBdrsou; fl Anew, G 
WtonsK Fletehar. N Wtcfwn, D Soutfv 
«n. C Osary, R Krmnira, 0 CusaG. P 

Rafene TSprwSMy. 


H d w* G Stomont te [Mb WMp. 




When the beleaguered Liver- 
pool (founded in 1857) were 
mulling over the options, oae 
appeared to be a merger with 
Waterloo (Michael Stevenson 
writes). This notion was dis- 
carded and the lively infant, 
Liverpool St Helens, saw toe 
tight of day. 

On Saturday LSH visited 
Blundetisands for a merit table 
B march, holding Waterloo for 
much of the game but losing 18- 
6 by a goal a dropped goal rad 
three penalties to two penalties, 
Waterloo’s try coming dose to 
the final whistie. 

Gosforth lost a g a in (12-21) to 
Richmond in a B table matrix. 
There was not much flow to the 
game, the boot bring more 
prominent than the hand. 
Gosfonh’s points came from 
four penalties by Johnson and 
Brinkley kicked five for Rich- 
mond as well as converting a try 

Birmingham visited Wake- 
field for a C Table match and 
were overwhelmed 42-0, the 
home ride scoring nine tries. 

Superb tries gave the F® 
Barbarians a deserved right- 
point lead at half-time at 
Stradey Park, after which 
LUaefifs forwards took control 
to win 35-21. Llanrifi were six 
points ahead with a goal in as 
many mitretes.Then Tisoti 
kicked a penalty goal from 40 
yards for the Fijians and 
Moceidreke scored a try from a 
handling movement be started 
from inside his own half 

Raresea, their right wing, 
intercepted a pass on his own 
line and outpaced the opposi- 
tion to run the length of the field 
for the best ny seen at Stradey 
Park for many years. 

Leicester could partly blame 
the wayward boot of their full 
back. Dusty Hare, for going 
down 1 0-1 6 at Cardiff Leicester 
had a 10-3 half-time lead 
through two tries from Redfem 
and Wefls but after the break 

Cardiff firmly encamped in toe 

opposition halt 

Steve Brinkley, the Rxdueond 
stand-off kicked five penalties 
as the Loudon side won their B 
table match 21-12 at Gas&xrth. 
Dave Johnson. Brinkley’s 
orite number, landed 

' vr 

had- *rt-. 

r -*r 

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Baft - 3 r- r. «s a™ 

tens ■ .1 1- -- M 101» 

HKtoQuka 1 1 IS 10100 

wZte .l l,.} - 43 13 83J0- 
onk 3 1- r to 40 5SJ57 

SBi» 4 2 - - Z 48 ST sun 

lScbsM 3 1-1 W 185000 
Moaetov S 2 T 2 35 74 5000 

■ SSor. • 3 1 - 2‘48 MS333. 

cuwfty " 5 1' —"4 47 -75 8000 
K-j .lU.- ■ 
GiOUCKSta 3 — . — 3 2* 47 - 



Kflto 17, M ritos B 9; 
[ R* 21. W of Sooted 34; 
Wsfenians 17, Edfewxgn Beads 3. 
NORTHERN: Broughton ntk 34, 
HtMmUhkr 1ft DfttefWt to 

HaWax 13: Lttoh 11. Nawboid 0; 
Macdtefett sTHSteOP 12; 
Mto-ChoMra MgH Mold 3: Old 

A power-pack fuelled by Gass 



■ft SmW 17. Ke&itv 3; tyWtety ■ 
North Mandate* .ft uteHngtoo 19. 
Oldham & Vtsmb* 18. U teroool S 
H ten OVftart«WB 13. WwtPark 13; 
modern 22. BMnntad Rrt SB: Vtimt-. 

WteMlDO. . 



PS D L-T A’ Ptoo 
v t * 9100 

.4 94 4t 10O 

. 8 2_- 1 3* 31*087 
'* •2 > .1,35.A8 flM7 
^..3. “. 2 ‘88 117 BOOO 
£■2 —12 .67 '48 5000: 
•21-T 21"2t SOOO 
2r J,:- 118 21 SOOOr 
•.2 ~-i tir s* «mo 
-;*-4 a 40 0000 
-.3: is as «ux> 

. 1 - - 1 7 22 00j0O 

flat dN t a far AapaWa 

^^Bteft^Ttete: lta»l 7, 
OevonpOrt SflTOteK ft SbtRWM 15, 
Brtxban X Dram Ntek Tatte Oto- 
Imowtoo 13, ftdaford 16. Coraral Marit 
feM iM 

. Plymouth 28. Mat Pofce ft fewer ft. 
T 1ft. Caatone A, St Bwtji 4; 
PenancBMRvZft Cumrw setiooi 
OfJIMtt ^SMnotWO Bm0Uft 20 ... 

Yesterday. • 


. It may seem a bit naive to 
suggest that Ghnair AcademT 
cab played well in spite of the 
feci that they w»e on the wrong 
-end of a 59-16 scordme with 
Hawick. Die New AmtiesJaud 
ride contributed greatly to an 
entertaining afternoon in which 
a large crowd saw Hawick play 
compete rugby. 

Their pack is' made up of 
.powerful and adroit a t hle t es, 
backed by a toreequarter tine of 
no little ddlL The pivot is Gass, 
who is expert at selecting toe 
-right course. 

One of the basic differences 
between the teams was ihe way 
they converted chances into 
points. Gass, the stand-off 
scored 26 points fiom the boot, 
whereas his Opposite number, 
Cameron, missed -five penalties' 
and one conversion. 

By Ian McLanc&an 

Fbr Acdes, there were tries by 
Malcolm and Garry, Cameron 
co n v e rting the firs and kicking 
two penalties. For Hawick, 
Mallm scored four tries and 
McGanghey, NicoL Mitchell 
and Deans one each. Gass added 
seven conversions and four 

The newty promoted Ayr 
recorded their second win in toe 
McFwan's National League by 
besting Borougfuanfr 18-12 at 
Meggadand. Alan Brown foiled 
with six penalty attempts for the 
visitors; MacGregor recorded 
three penalties and a dropped 
goal for Boroughmuir. 

West of Scotland tan out 
convincing 34-21 winners over 
an frmrjnitrnck Stemut’s-Mel- 
rfiJe. The Glasgow side, once 
into their stride, left flo one in 
doubt Of the outcome. Duncan, 

their international winger, 
scored three tries and Barrett, 
toe stand-off two penalties and 
four con versions. 

Watson tans maintained toeir 
unbeaten league nm with a wdl- 
dcserved 17-3 home win over 
Edinbtffgh Academicals. Forbes 
kicked two earty penalties for 
Watsonians but it was late in toe 
game before they turned their 
pressure into points with tries by 
Smith and Miliar. 

Kelso had a 17-9 win over 
Melrose and again it was a case 
of toe visitors foiling to take 
toeir chances. Heriofs beat 
Gala 16-7 in a mine noted for its 
mistakes and slack play. And a 
last-minute dropped 
Rutherford, toe iaternati 
stand-off took Sdkhrk through 
18-16 against Jed^Forest. 


British deficiencies 
exposed in 

By Rex Befiamy, Tennis CoRCspondaff 

Marty Rfossen and Owen 
Davidson, both coaches these 
days, did sot have to ask toe 
way to the Albert Hall, 
London, for toe Nabisco- 
sponsored Wiehtman Cup 
contesL Back m 1970 both 
played is toe first tennis 
tournament ever promoted 
there. Riessen beat Ken 
Rosewall in toe singles final 
and shared toe doubles hon- 
ours with Tom Okker. 

This year Riessen took over 
as coach of America's Federa- 
tion Dip and Wightmao Cup 
They won the Federa- 
tion Cup (the world champi- 
onship) at the cost of one 
match. Then Riessen came to 
London with a completely 
different team — all five 
players new to toe Albert Hall 
and three new to the 
Wightman Cup. They won 7- 
0, conceding only tiro sets. 

This was Britain’s heaviest 
defeat at home since 1952. In 
the last eight Wightman Cup 
contests, home and away, they 
have lost 50 matches and won 
only six. As an international 
team contest the event is little 
more than the heart — a weak 
one at that — of a spectacular 
social and sbowbusness occa- 
sion complete with spotlights 
sad champagne, fanfares and 

needs attention. 
The most familiar of the 
proposed remedies is to follow 

by putting 1 toe US onMCourt 
against a European team. That 
would rid the event of its 
questionable status as an ex- 
panded version of a Federa- 
tion Cup tie. But British 
players would not get into die 
European team. What price 
toe Albert Hall then? 

There is a better way. The 
historic angfo-Amerkan band 
could be strengthened, .toe 
event's competitive va lidity 
restored, its distinctive dug- 
acter enhanced^ by restricting 
America’s choice to playcra 
bom in toe 13 original British 
colonies (from Maine to Geor- 
gia) which became a confeder- 
ation of independent states in- 

Pending some such change 
in format we have to accept 
toe feet that even American 
“reserves” can give Britain a 
hiding. TheUSTennis Associ- 
ation assemble a team by 
working their way down fire 
ranking fist until they find five 
players who are available, fit, 
and interested. 

The US played remarkably 
welL Even when the essentia! 
job bad been dose (they !ed4- 
0 after two days) they re- 
mained so intensely 
competitive that Britain could 
take only one set from 
Saturday’s remaining three 
matches. That set was won by 
Anne Hobbs - a substitute for 
Sara Gomer, who had a 
injured toe. Mfos Hobbs could 
not have worked harder, nor 
played much better, than die 
did against Bonnie Gadnsek, 
who was leg- weary after five 
strenuous sets of singles and 
doubles cm Friday evening. 

The frustrating feature of 
Britain’s performance — but 
also toe most encouraging, 
because it indicated scope for 
improvement — was that Miss 
Hobbs was the only player to- 
fulfil her potential. 

RESULTS (Untod Statu irara ■raft B 
Gatfctf* « A HcUxl HHJrtK 
RknUKJ ara. 5-476-2: E tonin andA 
WHta bt Hc*raandD«ra7-ft84rMte|s 
QadusU ft Ditto, B-2. B-4; OKfcrak and 

Rinaldi M S Gomar and A Craft. M. £7, 

The face of defeat Team captain Virginia Wade consoles 
Anne Hobbs after her loss to Bonnie Gadasek in final stage* 
of the Wightman Cap tournament 


Test for 

There can be no resting on his 
laurels for Adrian Moarbouse 
following decisive victories oyer 
the Americans in the Yorkshire 
Bank Swimming International 
at Darlington on Saturday. Rolf 
Beab, the West German who 
look the world short course 
record for 100 metres breastroke 
from Moorhouse last year, is 
coming to put the British cham- 
pion 10 the im over the distance 
toe weekend after next 
When Mooihouse beard the 
news be said: "That me a n s I 
shall have to start getting down 
to some training. Thai state- 
ment makes his successes, over 
the Americans even more 
praiseworthy and is a tribute to 
his fitness. Beab wiQ be 
accompanied by his national 
team colleague, Ben GoebeL 
Both, win be taking toe opportu- 
nity 10 sharpen toeir pace for the 
European Cup tournament in 
Malmo next month. 

Our Olympic swimmers 
based in North America are 
being invited home to become 
members of the strongest pos- 
sible frill British team to be sent 
to Maimo. Automatic choices 
for Britain’s squad in addition 
to Moorhouse must be Caynor 
Stanley (200 metres breastroke) 
and Kevin Boyd (400 mens 

freestyle)- „ „ , J 

Had June Croft not already 
booked to leave for Australia 
next week, she must have been 
certain of a recall - 

worn braasWittK 1. A Moortxue 
1 (T*I £.74.-2, R KortWWtJfUSJ IX 
N Gaftntmm (GB) 1.0547: 4. B 



JBTseJect} 5ft0ft 2, T Jones (GB) 
JmT R-Caray (US} 5738; 4. S 
iMc&ttniJUS} 5734. m travstjtel. 
KBcwHGB) 35276: 2, JMyWsnom (US) 
&55T3* J UKft (US) *56.73. 4 x tel 


WDMfefeSOm inmblc 1.C Van Bttrnm 
(N«h) 8634; Z G Comefca (1^2622; 3. 
R BrienMS ffiuropaan sateet} 2fe57: 4, W 

p Hayoen rus) z£iM : a. T Gohangw 
202.14; 4. J Croft (Eurapftanra 

2 * 0 , 20 . 200 a bnratnka: 1. G 

(08) 2322B; 2. S Johnson (US) 

4 L» Moss (Etrapaan setoeS 238-70. 
Sosa bKWnraTB BtffTlS) S1B20; 
a A Hayes (US) 21730; 3, J Larsepn 

(gnp^saMco ftir.ia aaonhMteta 

fc14a;3,HBewtey (GS)ft1 

nadMnis 1. W Hedanmagh (IS) 2dW1; 
a J H# (SB) R Bemoan 

(Eurapoan seiacO 2212a. 4 x 5ta 

FW^BU^ScORE: 1. UntedSIMM 
261.5 pm Z attain 2025: 3. European 


nm comes 
to an end 

Sydney (AFP) — Greg Nor- 
man crashed to a 73 in toe final 
round of the Australian PGA 
championship yesterday, losing 
the tournament by two strokes 
to Sydney player, Mike 
Harwood, and ending his hopes 
of beating Byron Nelson's 41- 
year-old record of 11 consec- 
utive wins. 

Harwood, a lanky 27-year- 
old, fired a course-record fourth 
round 64 to notch up his first 

major wm- 

His eigbHmderptf round left 
him on 275, 13 tinder for the 
tournament. Norman, the 
outstanding golfer of toe year, 
chasing his seventh successive 
tournament victory, led by two 
strokes going into the final 
round, but mushed in second 
place on 277, 11 under, with 
fellow- Australian Graham 
Marsh third at 10 under par 278. 

Norman's victory bid was 
stymied by a two-over-par at the 
14th, while Harwoods round 
ended with a briffiaat tardie st 
the par-five 18th. 

unto* sta to* 27® M Harwood, ffl. 48. 
73. 64.277: Gtoran. 4ft MJM. 73.278: 
G Marsh, 68. 83,70. 71. 27ft G Ttanar 
SmjBMM. 70. 28ft t B4Kftf-Bnch,«8, 
71/71, 70281: B Ode. 73. 67. 72. P 
Senior, Bft 70. 7ft TOP McSW*»y,72. 
68, 67, 73; ROsvis. 71, 6ft 67. 7ft 282:0 
Teyior. 63. 71. 7ft 70: P Fowler. 67. 7ft 7ft 
70; J CBHord, 7D. 68. 70. 73; K Mas. 6ft 
89. 73. 7ftM CWmOfufiSt flft 7ft TJ, 7» 
W RBeyra. 71. 71, 71. &r««h: 2 » M 
Bmtmoft 74, 71, 7ft 7ft 299c A Pike, 



Mdtcft 730 rates rated 

Today Uaguo 
Fourth dmsiofi 

Stockport v Hereford 

Mien: ftteeb Haute v Bqgnor; 


Hrakrafrad » MartwrTgBl. 

Secsod row* Taiwan v 
FA YOUTH COP: H«* jwn*l WM» 
trough v Romrtaam {?.(& &*«» v 
Stems; FA TROPHY: Sero nd nira ifirag 
ml nteys: ShapsMd G«nWrtttt«#v 
□utey a we n a q n Bcroutft v Bowten 


HOrwWl V 

turn v SaxmraL Sooond AUm 
P reB&mvOaift^an. 


ewa match SoaO wras Poire v 

Brtdgond (7J3J. 


LAWN 1BN& LTA Women’s Wtw 
am* nsiwtet (« Oran** cuji 
SNOOKBb Duhn Brttihapan pratenwy 
rounds (W Oinsnnre Crate, SoBtdft 

- 4 - ■" ' ~ 

S .<.* ee » ao3 -a H - S . SS¥ ?£sr& 

'•■Hr ** 

1 i*\tr'- 





Guide to obt in-line racecard 

103 (IQ 0-003 ‘IWESFORM (CABDCMibJ RytetfSHal 3UW — 

BMWn OS 7-2 


By Mandarin 

1.00 ASIAN CUP (nap). 
1 JO Bronzewing. 

2.00 Famille Rose. 

230 First Kiss. 

3.00 Cornelian. 

3.30 Ibnahnaghifo. 

4.00 Nom De Plume. 

By Onr Newmarket 
1.00 Dodcsider. 

I JO Speculate. 
2Q0 Famille Rose. 

2J0 Jungle Beat. 

3.00 Trackers Jewel. 
3.30 Spcedbird. 

4.00 Nom De Plume. 

By Michael Seely 

130 Bronzewing. 3 JO KINGS VICTORY (nap). 430 Nona De Plume. 
The Times Private Handi capper’s lop rating 230 ASIAN CUP. 

tJO WYSALL EBF STAKES (Div 1: 3-Y-O: £2.700: 1m 2f) (11 runners) 

a W 
s (9) 
9 m 
to pi) 
it so 

2-10242 ASIAN CUP (Prtpce A Safcnon) Q Kanrood B-9_ 

3*1402 BANttffl PRWEE (A Clore) B HHs 8-3 
00 BUBHOEW DufteOG HuflarBG 

. Pm* Eddery 

• S9F2-1 
90 7-2 
92 4-1 







00 COfW MtXL (*to« M Canpbafl) C Horgan 33 . 
0 JUST TOO BRAVE (T Rameden) M Ryan 33- 

000300 OUT YtmiEn (W WflgMman) W Wigfttman 8-3 
040 DO-RUN-OO (R Coomtaa) J Bosky 30 

. Otfa Ruaorofl (7) 

R I 


000 LOWARA (H H A0» KJran) R Johnson Houghton 8-0. 
00 MALH RST fl DufW) G Hufter 8-0. 

C Rotter (3) 
. women 

64 12-1 

mwm MHAD (Maktoun Al Mataowtri) B Hwtaoy M 

H Hughe* (7) 

— 6-1 
66 8-1 

198S EFFIGY 6-11 G Staley (8-11 tar) G Harwood 8 ran 

pADM ASIAN CUP (9-7) 2nd no dance against Mytana (9-5) baatan 2X1 at Newmarioat pm 2f. £Sg2. 
rwnm good to Hrm. Oct 3. 10 rani DOCKSDEH (7-12) 8th beaten 7*1 to listen (8-10) at Newmartet 
pm. EB372. good. Octi7. 6 rarj. BANOUEPMVEE 133) may have been imlueky test tone when t*anp«l.b«a- 

pm, S8372. good. Octl?. 8 rafl. BMMMEPtBVEE (W) may 
an nk to Crowtay (8-3| at Cettaricfc pm 41. E1279, mu Oct 1 
baatariotwtth JOTIDOBRAVEfS-O) lOdiat 
^■13 Oft beaten 14>H » Skaan (B-7) at Lwfcester pm. 


17. 11 ranl-LOW 

’.good to 

(8-11) 9ft tost place 3t out 
0ct27. 12 ran). MALW FLEET 
Oct 21. 12 ran). 

1J0 OF FLECKNEY MAIDEN FAXES STAKES (Div 1: 2-Y-O: £1 ,706: 60 (19 runners) 

1 nq 
s (iq 

4 m 

464 BELAKA (J Smijfl) R Shoathef 311 

32 BRONZEWING (W=) fllrT PUtoqton) J Dunlop 311 _____ 


93 31 
ra 89 F7-4 




5 fl) 
7 nre 

m*CTT p A Rory IL1 1 ... 



II EBlHTWr cr Ctanvl W RonUn H-1 1 

9 nq 

10 (tq 

11 » 

12 (17) 

13 (31 



000 p- U bnvta R.11 


Ml jnUMR 1 *«T pS FKhc) .1 fihaui 31 1 

MPiiddy (7) 





14 (11) 

15 fl) 

i n«r renrerar (Ur« rmnHar} itairtn n.i 1 






16 (q 

17 (iq 

30 IMS DAISY (Qrwntond Park Ltd) 1 Bakfing 311 
00 OUVE LEAF (JOrtraf)W Homan 311_ 


R Korea (q 



19 (7) 
a fl) 
25 (iq 

28 fl) 

QUICK RPOSTE (A Csafcy) G Sattng 311 — 

0 ROYAL MEETING (Mra J M Sm to) 0 Murraf-Smitfi 311 — 
000 nrunrril Mn HPT (Mm IT is—pnaq n n.iflinnn R.H 






82 SPECULATE (MaMouni A! Maktoum) L PVjgott 311 




28 nq 

0000 T>K CROSS (W Foryravoj R HOBtosHead 31 1 


1965: RJU. OF UR 8-11 SCaulhen (5-1) M Plpt If ran 


1 P4) 

2 p7) 

3 pa 

4 (4) 

9 (2) 

12 ( 6 ) 
13 (3) 
M pB) 
15 fl) 
17 (7) 

19 PS) 

20 fl) 

21 pa 

22 pq 
a* f»B) 
25 P) 

* (IS) 

27 ( 6 ) 

04-0000 FAIOLLE ROSE (B) (Or P Moron) G Hutfar 9*7. 

M Lynch — 12-1 
_ JHKBa U99F7-2 

040000 PMHICPBaCYpn (Msa S Armsfrong) G Hufler9-7 

000002 QtHTE A QUEST (M Bavin) B McMahon 93 

0 WITHAMa8B.(WiltoamLBndAndLatswB)KBr8S8ey93— AWtriMaOp) 

000203 ALEXANJO (Anglo Ent SA) A Jervis 9-0 ARaudgac (5) 90 6-1 

430200 ROYAL BERKS (R Rfchante) L Cottrel 8-13 TLeog (5) 97 — 

200000 BANDYAMN (Mrs D Brackett] P Mtohel 8-12 ■ 

00*010 OUR CMLDREN (p) (1 Hunter) W Wharton OH 

0040 NOMAD B0MER (IQ PSntftOM Chapman 84 
0*0000 BELLA CAROM (B) (Biaha Hoklng) Mss B Sandora 
00080 SLY HMD (R Baked B Richmond 8-6 

000000 8NY MISTRESS (JAbtay) AW Jones 63 

200000 RICH BITCH (B) (Mrs E Stew) D Chapman 7-13 
000004 CLASS HOPPOt 09 (FTAlQCBsay 7-7 

040000 COMMANDER BEADEN (B) (Mrs E O'DomeO) O ODorewR 84L J Cater (5) 

004000 SRTAIO CANCER (Mrs H CoSns) C WUdman 60 SQuanafl) 

002040 WINNMB FORMAT (B) (J Foe) P Makfei 66 L. 

000300 HQB0URNES KATIE (Q A Famdon) R HoSnshead 8-7 fl TUtnri pi 

00000* AUSTWA(V)0Purtowse)D Hay* Jones 36 DJWtaaq 

1985c HOKUSAN 94 A Shoufts (8-1) K hay 17 ran 

. 3 ran). OUR l 
__ Aug 14. 11 ran). WMNMG . 
i. set, good to soft Oct 20. 20 ran). 

2J0 WYSALL EBF STAKES (Div lb 3-Y-O: £2.679: 1m 2f ) (11 runners) 

i (<) 
» tq 

ts p> 

w ® 

23 (3) 
25 (7) 
27 pi) 

ao pq 

30*311 FWST KIS8(C0) (Shea* Motwtrad)JDu*>p 8-13. 

330*0 GREY SALUTE p*» P MeyM) R Sanpeon 64 

0001 KMGSPQLD HAHE (Mra B Nya) M Hayn 

00600 LOCKWOOD PRBKE (Mrs J MoConnadi}& Harris 8-3. 

041 WOODLANDS CROWN (Miss J Heritage) C Horgan S3. 
000 CORCORDPS DEMON (J OuflsQG Huffer 6-0. 

— W Carson 
W Wre ns 

. TWHerns 

— N Howe 

_ w Ryan 

— M 

• 98 F6-4 
97 ltf-1 

04 62 

72 — 



MOOD PtEHYMCHKLMJY (Mra A Norman) WMsftfcnai 8-0. 

033 GRGaOMlSJOY(LAudus)MRy»84> 

O4024 JUNGLE BEAT (A Scott) WJarrtsM- 

040000 QUEBi OF SWORDS (R Butters) R HoMnshead 8-0- 
TORRE DE BELEM (D Ctaworlli) C N WStams 84L_ 
198Sc See ID race 





BCre e t te y 

Brno II HRST IQSS (9-6) lad two out and ran on wel, beating DaddBd (941) 31 wthGREEIBMJjS JOY 
runm g.^) frd. one pace, beaten 5t « NotUngham pm 2f. £3099. good. Oct 27. 12 ran). GREY SA - 
LUTESMSIhoraian 13taTapanTwice(94RBt Yannautfipmer. £l231,gooa Sap 1B,8ran).iaNGSFOLD 

lckMc <ji, iSS9.goodtoftrm. Od 9. ifiranLMMMM^ 

[atNowOury pm 2t £3795, good tosoft. 22 ran). 

o Tap Em Twice (! 

) won VM from Wizard Ma^c (WJ) at 
48i botan 2JW. nk to Cynoirts (9-11) at 

Racecard rwmbar. Draw M brackets. Sk-figura 
form (F4e L PeuOed up. tLun uomnd nder. g- 
bnwght down. S-sSpped up. R-rahsad). Hone's 
name (BHriMcara. V-ftsor. Hhood. 

C-oouse winner. D-distance winner. 

and tflsa noa winner. O F-fae eten taeowto In West 
me) Owner in (nckots. Trainer. Age and 
weight Rider plus any down. The TYnes 
Prwatt HantScqjpcrt rrang. Appr o xt natt starting 

3-0 SQUBWEL HANDICAP (£3,181: 1m4f)(22 runners) 

4 pq 
6 ( 1 ) 
7 fS) 
a pi) 

9 ( 8 ) 

10 pq 

11 (221 
13 <5) 

032323 MtAD (Maktoun AJMBtnumj S Hanbury 3-9-7. 
0400*4 MOXBTS TALE (O) (P MMo n) t Batdkig 4-9-4. 

40-1304 MALAPHU (P) (Mrs A Robson) jenay H Ug a rat d 7-6-3. 
022100 TOSCANA (O) (R Pegs) D Marta 5-8-7 . 

113404 JABAHABA <CJ» (J Boswel) L CoQreO 50-1. 

133804 RECOfB WINQ tPi {Smai Acoms) D Haycbi Jones 861 — D J 
0*10 MKOOLA EVE GQ (D Cooper) J Gkmr 4-9-1 
000004) FOCtE(BDoody)J Wbbber S8-13 C 

mnatb (7) 

95 — 

— A Moray 

S3 — 


85 — 

83 — 


91 131 


14 pq 0441/11- ROCKVS QAL (C) (B Moon) W Hokten 5-6-13 


« (iq 

17 q) 

18 (2q 

23 (iq 

24 (14) 

25 (B) 

29 (7) 

31 (4) 

32 (21) 

33 (iq 

34 pq 

36 (21 

004X712 TRACKERS JEW& (CD) (Mra W Sots) M Ryan 4-8-11 
030 SWAALfiF sewn) ODnaeb SB-10 

0904 MAKE IT SHARP (LFraaitaan) A Stawart. 3-8-10 
020323 DICK KMQHT (VJD (WaOac# Forms Ltq K Mty 
800343 TONQtBN (q (A Morrison) J Tofler 3B-8. 

0030441 SS.VER TOOSPGCT pars K Dstoy) R Hoansfleed 5-6-7. 
04)0000 WC KS TOWM gR (Home & Had* LtqB Mayan 46-7. 

000402 POn—nAIBC DANCBi (Mra A CaaDby) J Qurtop 3467. 
000040 MAMNA PLATA (Mes SHBs)D Chapman 3« 

0*04 CORNELIAN (D Hams) G Harwood 3-8-7 
2041000 A233JJT (B) (MB H PturtJty) T BB 3-6-7 

DART (G Tayfcr-Wobber) T Halee 7-6A 
41 p7) qmOBO- DUDLEYS STAR (Mrs MBevah)F Jordan 434 


R8}GE 3-96 R Guest (41) L Gurnard 19 ran 

MEIERS TALE »-714th beaten 6VU. r* to hmrosld (7-1 Zf BtHamteonpm«. £2085, soft. Oct 


pi -11) at Ascot Hm 41. fc£93, » 
BART{32) with TOSCANA (9-7) 7 
1i)5th tafled to qcfcn, beaten 15X 

1i)5th faaedtoqckn. beaten 15KI to Brown Thatch I 
KMtNfT (83) 3rd beaten 4W to Alarm Cafi(8-iq at 

Mto Blenders Choice I 

emat good to tern. Oct 11). TRACKERS JEWEL (B-rn qq beateo a to ISOM 


71h beaten 1 1 SI at Warwick ( 

Warafck (Ira 4t E1788. firm. 

Wtewlekpm 21.S2 
boncasterpm 4f, se*. £3841 . . 
~ Amethyst (! 

,. J to Own U 

645,fim. Sep 25, 4 ran). CORNELIAN (6-11) Mh, ran on wte) done home, beaten 
SMst^ pm^ ei 15*. irm. Sep 11. 10 ran). 

11) 3rd. no extra dose home, beaten 8L hd to I 

■IDdla. IDranL DKX 

Itosoft. 0^25,1 

3J0 JOHN O’GAUNT NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-032.396: 7f) (2D runners) 

s pq 
7 P) 
s pq 
9 (3) 
11 (4) 
15 pq 
18 (6) 
w tq 

20 pq 

21 (Q 

22 pq 
26 (q 
29 pq 
ao (2) 

32 pq 

33 (17) 
35 (2q 
38 (II) 

38 P) 

39 pq 

040140 SP EE C BWP (D) (M Baxter) M Ryan 9-7 

02001 GOOD POfNT (Fui Cntte) N Tnkter B-7 (7ex). 

14*002 BWALMASHTTH (H AHuttednom) H Thomson Jonas 93. 

100 SUSAN KNCHARO (Ms P Harris) J Ranooma 93 


004004 MUSICAL bells (RSangstepLPiggatt 312. 
00900 LYIBCAL LflVBI (R Mquei} C Benstead 311 
4200 MNGS VICTORY (DHasmataqM Usher 310. 

000 DANDY (NTs G Houghton) R Johnson Houghton 310 
003800 OAMART(F Barlow) MNaugMon 310 

400 ROCPESOH (B Morgan) B Morgan 83. 

00300 RAMCSTREET (Mra L Buckeritald) M Haynes 36 

0002 HIGHLAND LODGE (BF) (W ftjnsonty) P Cote 34. 
041024 ISNW STAR (D) (Mrs B Davis) R Haider 32 
103420 SAUNDERS LASS (C Scott) R Hokter 31 

000400 MR MUMBLES (S Fraemui) G BNdmg 31 
3404 ALWAYS A LADY (G Steinberg) J Hair 80 

004000 RIVBI80AT PARTY (N ScantestO R ftotcMnson 7-13 
01 001 ORIENTAL DREAM (V) (8 t*J) J Hntey 7-13— 

1985s TOM BAAC 32 Tyrone WUams (7-2) P 

9 ran 


more cheer for 

. By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

FORM ®***1-**®TTTH p-3) 2nd beaten Ditto Metoqr 

rumw lshedwB4.hemen614lBt Doncaster nt. £4490^ 
was never headed when won Kl from Bold tekmlion (31 1) 

atNewnterkef(q.£306l.seB.good.Oct16. 19 ran). 

■■ 171. Ill Hull I III! Ill Allll 1 1 llli II III III ml M 

White Of Stem (311 j at York (6f, 80A £41 ^good to firm, CX3 8, 23 ran)- MBwSP STAR (7-91 4«ht 
Ltariing Flower (8-^ a Goodwood pm, £3tfe. (yxxt Sep 30. IQ ran). ORIENTAL DREAM f 
^Mtan 4MM 


(35)&d, kap( on *<ea dose home, beann 


fTaterllrm BNALMAQWTH 

»«0d Pm, S30S2. good. Sep 30. 10 ran). ORENTAL DREAM (3ffl 3rd. cautett 
Clwenul(3t)aHamBtorPm,£161&soft,Oct21 l 16ranLOnENTALIMmui 
ma.beabm Kl.hd.toBeCheeriri(3l)*KanAonPm,£)ei6. soft, Oct 21. IS 

4.0 EBF FLECKNEY MADEN FILLIES STAKES (Div U: 2-Y-O: £1,711: Bf) (16 runners) 

1 pq 

2 (9) 

5 pq 

6 pq 
io pq 
« pq 
17 (q 
i» PD 
20 ( 2 ) 

21 pq 

22 <q 

3404 ALWAYS A LADY (□ Steinberg) JHoft 311 
00 ANAKA(TWtener)K Stone 311 

000003 CALL FOR TAYLOR (Taytora 01 Sohem) D Lade 311 
0 CANERRAKE LADY (J Davidmn} W Musaon 311 
FREE SKV (H Norman) P Feigate 311 

LOVEABLE PRMCESS (M Tabor) M Ryan 311 
0 MORTAL SIN (G Leigh) B Ms 311 

NOM DE PLUME (Sheikh Mohammed) H Card 311 
RAG OUEBI (R Songster) M W Otfcinan 311 
OB* SAUNAS (Ms FVeasey)JWMer 311 




SANSYA (H H Aga Khan) M Stouts 311 

044 SHELDON IIBLS (Mrs J MdXxrgskJ) I Baking 311 
00 SOOTHING WORD (TTelc Tan) M Jarvis 311 

00 THE WCraRGML8<S Mason) R Thompson 311 
0 WBLOWTOEE GWL(T Morton) R WMtafcar 311 
M> YAMRAH (H Al-Maktoum) C Benstead 311 

19S5e 1VOBY GULL 31 1 S Cauthtei p38 JMmr) J Dunlop IS ran 

v. good 
tor Raa 

11)«Lk igfieid(5 f.g1337. 
home, beaten 

1 231 to 


1 tel lou a tkop In class today, beaten o ver g to 

“ •> ‘I "VIMI on win, aep io. id ran), awl 

GrmdTote(31 1) at HanHon (1m. El 953. good. Sap 29. 13 ran). 


• (31114th, 

WORD (8-q 7lh beaten oner 9X1 to 

Course specialists 

Winners Runners Per Cert 















G Startsev 




J Dunlop 




A Murray 




G Harwood 






. M 

•• a3 








' 73 

8 HanOwy 




Pad Eddery 





• Grrnlle Starkey retailed from Ids seven-day suspension in great style at 
Newmarket oa Saturday, briogmg ap his 100 tor the season or Us oomotmek mount. 
Grand Tour, ia tbe Jennings The Bookatakers Zetland Stakes. 

Having no doobts aboat Grand Toart stamma, Starkey sent the ID-1 shot ahead 
weO over two furlongs from home, and the colt's stride never shortened as he strode 
home a three-length winner of this mile and a quarter test far Javesuks. 

The winning trainer Wiflie Hastings-Bass said: “We knew Grand Tour woaid stay, 
bat as kes a son of Troy I didn't think he’s like (his ground.” 


Z30 BIODENDON SELLING STAKES (£9Z7: tm 4f) (16 runners) 

By Mandarin 


IDO Rather Homely. 

1.30 ZiUetoeke. 

2.00 In Fai City. 

2J0 Miss Laura Lee. 

3.00 Galesa. 

3.30 Lady Coombe. 

4.00 Rosric. 

By Our Newmarket 
1.00 — 

1.30 Godstruth. 

2.00 Main Brand. 
Z30 Mi tala Maria. 

3.00 Galesa. 

3.30 Nihad 

4.00 Orsic. 

Going: good Draw: Sf-Gf low numbers 

1JJ BURWASH CLAIMING STAKES (Div k 2-Y-O: £959: 6f) (19 runners) 


1 pq 

2 pq 

4 m 

5 (5) 

6 P) 

7 pq 

9 pq 

11 pq 

12 P) 

13 (iq 

is ffl 

19 (8) 

20 PD 

21 pq 

22 » 
23 pq 
3* (7) 

25 (4) 

26 pq 

900 BOLD HOJACQUES (0) (5 Noah) C Chariot 8-1 1 

0 COOED MESSAGE (T Ramadan) RSJnjxcn 8-11 
4000 mAm(-niEBANK(SPowaqJ8iiBUtte311 

000000 HKMAND LAIRD (8»(D HumiM!) D Mortoy B-11 

WOO MADNESS NOT TO tAMUQMF Mlwrelnn -Qoaay 311 
004000 MOTOR BROKER (A SyitenhaiqOLafng 311 

00 WHATTA BUSINESS (K OvencSan) Fl Akatvsl 8-11 
000 NOOQ LASS (Mrs V CTBrtenl Pat MtCfMfl ^6 
*3 RATHER HOMELY (R Barber) P Cote 38 

000090 ROSE LOUBETfV) (Mra R Lane) J Payne 8-8 

0000 JEALOUS LOVER (Mrs R Simpson) P Mattel 36. 
400034 SARA8OTA (A Payna) R Akehurst 36 

W OH MY JOY (C Moore) MD Usher 34 

000000 L1MDY ISLE (A FHchorda) 0 HanlayO-3 

OW M88 LAWSUIT p-Mcarey)MBtanshted 33 

004000 RABmSE COUNTY (JAbaqPFWgate 33 

400000 SOHAIFS TAYLOR (V) (Taytora of Soham Ud) D LesSe B-3 
00W STAMSBYGBM.<S Wicks) RVoorepuy 8-2_ 

00 TAYLOR CARES piytor of SQhamuqO Lube 3D 

1986c MERLBFS MAGIC 311 P Gbafc p2-l) C Horgan 16 ran 

1 30 HURSTMONCEUX HANDICAP (£1,463: 6f) (20 runners) 

2 pq 
a P) 

4 P) 

s <q 

7 (5) 

9 (9) 

11 pq 

12 pq 

14 P) 

w m 
1* « 
ao iq 
22 W 
28 pq 

27 pq 

28 pq 

29 nq 
31 pq 
33 pq 

■34 (17) 

400100 DOWNSVIEW(D)(B Marsh) A Moors 4-100 

300083 LOFT BOY (D) (Ms B AAwrfcyit) N Vigors 3-9-10 

400024 KINGS TOUCH <0,8^ (Mra S MacMaster) P Mattel 339 
301003 AMQBjS ARE BUM (T Ramsdan) M J Ryan 336 

000200 PLATME AD) (Gentian TroaSar BktOdstodO K Brassoy 39-2 
400000 WMDLE BLUE (M Hawtott) M McCormack 3-9-0. 

000000 CORNCHARM (D) (Oomcharra Ltd) H CoRngridge 5-313 
400010 THATCHV1LLE <D) (Lord Matthews)! MsBhaws 4-313 
00000 WYKEHAMBT (M OoRna) C Benstead 3-312 

000413 MBVtYMOLES (Bjq (A Btegtey) M McCoiat 3-311 
4200 MUSKS REVIEW panndhw Lid) MTQfflpHns 3310 
003303 Z3LEBEKE (R Alan) W Brooks 3-8-8 

080400 CRBSTA LEAP (Lt cot EHteTteS)R Hannon 366 
200240 MADAM MUF»(BF)(G Lock) JBathai 336 

043443 Q0O8TI1UTH (BJ9) (H Thomson Jonas) H Thomson Jones 7-6-5 
223342 GALLANT HOPE (Ms H DuffiaftQ L OoHra* 

000030 ROME DICXM8 (tty (Dicttw LfcQ B HoNnahaad 

040000 PBtSTOPPOimBBTY(P Wamworti) P Anhw36-3 

304030 PTBIKHr BOY (Miaa S Pimtto) C James 4-8-2 
000034 PEANOAY C (0 BoanJmai) H BoasJay 5-30 

D McKay 

188ft DmsSBKA 336 P WUdron (131) G LOwte 19 ran 

2 JO BURWASH CLAIMING STAKES (Div it 2-Y-O: £959: 6f) (20 runners} 

~ «9 Bg8gCEE(B Vteq J Famar s tonJknBay 311 PIMta 

4 coral hall pSeaqRHannar 311. 


a- cq 

s pi) 

s pq 
e pq 

7 (?) 
ii pq 
« m 

13 (3) 

14 (q 

16 P> 

17 pq 

18 pq 

19 pq 

20 pq 

21 P« 

23 (2q 

a (q 

2* p7) 

27 (q 

000040 FRBIPtE ASHTON TO (lard H ai tii iur on) D Worley 311. 

M Bf FAT CUV (H Latovttz) J Sutcflffa 311 

302000 MUADTOB(B HoBm)H AheteaatMI. 

0000 SRTZAflri (Mrs C Reed) Pal MRchef 31 1 . 

. J Rato 

04 PMEAPPLEVPRBE (Pineapple Doming uqMBfenahard 36. 
00000 PRMCEMAC(BDq WKomp36. 

900020 STARS M MOTION (Mra G Wbrd) O ArbiAhnot 37^ 

00002 BOLD Ml^mON (BF) (Mra L toghan) A Ingham 84. 

00000 DANSE ARABE (Mrs D Brads) A Jans 34 

00 CASTUJTO (J OvVop) J Ouriop 33^ 

— ACM 
N Day 

72 — 
80 31 
80 131 
• 99F34 
88 131 
78 131 
78 31 

( 2 ) 



000009 OULPHAR (P Byms) J Jenkins 4-31. 


030040 OKAADH (B) (Lady Nateon of Staftcrd) M TompHns 4^1. 

000000 TOOA PORCAAVANn (Or H Ngah) A Davison 4^1 

VAL PANE (R Wn® O fimflar 331 . 

(13) 4-00002 VISIBLE (T Stafford) R Simpson 4-31 

ND>y . 




000020 BLASTS WMAE (Mrs V O'Brian) Pat Mflchafl 4-31 
4030 KEABNOTON CASTLE (J Payne) JJanMns 3312 

13 pq 

14 PD 

is pq 

19 pq 

20 (71 

22 pq 

23 m 

00*000 PRM706E WAY (M Btenshanj) M Btenshand 44-12 
00300 SPRBKl PHK.TRE (C Best) O Eteworlh 4-312 

000300 TANA MST (R Voorqwy) R Vborapuy 44-12. 

03 WIRRAL (A Peachey) W Charles 44-12. 

003402 HRE LORD (J R«s) J Jeteant 344 

000000 TBER GATE (R HoRn sI Wd) R KoMtshaad 3-36 

QOQQOI 8AYD0N OUB9I (A Richards) O Hanley 343. 

004011 MSS LAURA LEE (CO) (Ms A CluMP Feigate 343. 
02302* IETALA MARK (B) (J TMwQ A Stewart 333 

1985: TOPSOR. 3-36 SWfstwonh (114 lav) R Sbnpeon 10 ran 

3.0 LEEDS STAKES (Amateurs: Div t £913: 1m 4Q (15 runners) 

i (q 

6 (iq 

7 fl) 
12 (3) 

u iq 
18 (iq 

17 pi) 

21 PI 

24 (4) 

25 cq 

28 (iq 

29 (iq 

32 (?) 

33 (7) 
37 p4) 

0000/00 ARNAB (Mrs J Cureon) R Chartpion 311-12 
400140/ GERYQN (P Fahey) S CHristem 3114. 

3120*0 HARBOUR BAZAAR (M Coutney) R Sbnpson 311 
ALL BITENT (G Harwood) G Harwood 31 14 
0040/0 BARAOORA (D Wright) D Oughton 4-11-5 

20*030 LOCH LADDC(H Yates) RHoNnsheed 31 14 

000003 ROAD TO KSLS (J Sawldera) C Benstead 4-1 14. 


0(333 TOMS TREASURE (Amby PraparOn ISJ) R AMhuist 3114 JAkahant 

124000 GLOWWG PHOBSEiq (Pioneer Bloodstodi} B HOh 31310. AneePUtos 
0 BARBERSHOP QUARTET (Ms D Papffn) P Mtediel 3136 . D B earieywcrO i 
PRECIOUS LBBtfl Goody) W Turner 31M — 



2300 KESHA (Cox Moore 4 Co) A Jarvis 3- 139. 

004040 ELVRE (Mrs P MeynetQ S Maflor 3136- 

03022 GALESA (B) (Rofclvate Ltd) P Kaleway 3136. 
00 SOUSAGA (Mrs S Maris) J tang 31 36. 

1S8& STERNE 31313 A JWlsonp-3 On) G Harwood 15 ran 

130 APFLEDORE HANDICAP (£1,502: 1m 2f) (15 runners) 

13} 1300-00 <RTUHBLE(N DsffieiqH Hsmon 4-310 
m 032323 MHAD (Maktoun A1 Maktoum) B Nantwy 346 

(q 0/04030 LADY COOMBE (EMorian) John RttOoraM 444 

040010 MOUNT T UMBL EDOWN (Mra JDoSns)R Harmon S44 
4-20200 IIU8iCAL YOUTH (J Horgan) C Horgan 34 

IT pq 
12 P) 

14 pq 

15 (iq 

16 (14) 

17 (11) 
i« cq 

100000 TIVIAH pLQ (Lady Matthews) I Matthews 334 
432000 SAAUB (5 Sham) J Davies 34-13 

423000 TDM FORRCSTBt (C) (P Jubeft) P MtchaB 54-1E 
130000 ELECTAOTET(D Edwanls) A Cngham444 

900210 CM TO GLORY (CtLBF)p Barber) JIXrtop346- 
000040 SAFE CUSTODY (SUiCounttasCte Eng L«t)P Haynes 444. 

0000 HOLLY BR04M (Mis H Coffins) C Mdman 344 .31 

424430 HEAD OF SCHOOL (R Ashdown) Bat MUw(S44 
20 (S) 34)0040 COASTAL PLAMCBBoanhnaflHBeaatey 444 
22 pq 300020 PULSDH3H 0 (B Hager) C Benstead 44-7. 

I985e MARSH HARRBi 444 P Cook (7-2 fav) A Moore IS ran 

44) LEEDS STAKES (AmatBurs: £908: 1m 41) (15 runners) 






004014 MAIN BRAND 0!) (Rockhouse Shun W Ottoman 33- 
00 SAUCE OF THE SEA (T Ramsdan) MRyan 33 

. T QUna 
— fl Fa* 

<2 131 
95 31 

PCoak 84 31 

0 MAYFAIR DOLL (Mrs A Dsvlas) P Btnter 32. 
09*0 SURVIVAL KIT (E J Perry) C James 32 . 


.-QIGngfq — — 

MHO UQOJDEn^M Sandbarg) W HasUngD-Bsas 30. 
MSS STYLE (Mra A Nub) J Lung 30. 


D McKay 


80 — 

040000 RING BACK (Spoiling Shores Lid) D Lula 30 

0 TULA WATER (Gordian Ttoaler BtoodstocA) K Brsasey B4— S Wh itworth 
mtt AFRICAN fEX 34 T tre» (7-4 fan) W Jarate 13 ran 

75 — 



is (iq 
18 (11 
20 ( 6 ) 
23 (14) 
2E fl) 
27 (11) 
34 (7) 
36 fl) 

133140 B8rSB8BXE(D) (Mrs A Tomptenaj M TampkJna 311-12- AmaiTbmpktea 

JUST MMTIH(FPuflBn|RChamptari 31 1-12 M Cureon 

MOLOJBC (T Ramadan) A Bafay 3114 Sharon M uuitemU 


401-000 CRYXmOBQRfRTrumpnOS Msaar3114_ 
0)00012 SHALLAAL (CD) (D Davies) Uaa A King 7-I14-. 
000480/ AESCULAPMS(R Griffiths) RJndces 311-5. 

— 131 
78 7-2 

BADMGHAM BOT (B dartre) W Holden 4-114- 

300064 COURAGEOUS CHARGER (R HanMon) A Moors 4-114 
204209 OSRK(R Boat) Mflyan 311-2 

000003 RM8LE STAR (A BumtamlP Butt* 3114— 

000040 THE WOODEN HUT (CO) (F BM)R Voorspuy 31313 
002222 BLACK DUMOiO (A SabkO A Jands 3139 

000000 BULLY BOY (A Rlctunte) D Hantey 3138 

0000 POPSTS POM P OM ff» Gwnteiaw) M Haynea 3136. 
0 ROBERTS FLOWER (S WaHsre) L KanWA 3-iO-B— . 

1985: Saexo nee 

Y waB* Iteyn a a 
- A Forte 

Course specialists 

























R Simpson 




P Waldron 












J Dunlop 



S WTftwortii 




R Hannon 




B Rouse 


' -253 

• 93 

Following that enforced 
seventy suspension, caused 
lyy his riding of Then Again in 
the Challenge States at New-, 
marks last month, Grevilfe 
Starioey did not wasteany tsme. 
making up for his hsLutccmie 
there on Saturday when he' 
wan the Zetland Stakes on 
Grand Tour ' ;■ 

At Leicester today our 
weighing-room’s senior tnenF- 
ber looks set to pick up 
another consolation prize on 
Asian Cm who is napped io : 
win the first division of the 
WysaB EBF States. • 

The ea$y winner of his 
maiden at Pontefract in May, 
Asian Cup has run most 
creditably isx a couple of 
handicaps feiriy recently. 

The first of those was at 
Ascot where he .looted un- 
lucky not to finish doser than 
fourth: the second, at New- 
market where he beaten on 
merit by Mytens. That, 
though, was no disgrace as 
Mytens showed not longafter- 
wards by running so wdl 
trader his penalty at Ascot ' 
So I fully expect Asian Oip 
to be capable of beating 
Banque Prrvee this afternoon. 

The second division, can go 
to Willie Carson on Fnst KES 
who was the most emphatte 
winner of a similar race at 
Nottingham a week ago. 

For Carson and tramerJohn 

Dunlop First Kiss could easily 

Carson, who is fancied . 
for a Leicester doaMe. 
be the second of a douHe 
initiated by Bronzewing win- 
ning the EBF- Hedcaey 
Maiden States at the expense ' 
of Lester Piggotfs runner. 

Qn frafonre Bronze wing's 
form at - Goodwood and 
Leteestez, where she has been 
placed b ehind Sdnritarra and 
Amber Cookie, looks 
superior. ' 

The last chapter in Tony 
Murray’s story as ajockey can 
b^ra wdl noth a winning ride 
on H m gfaiag Ttirti in the John 
O'Gaunt Nursery. At Dan»- 
caster recently my sdectkm 
beat all but the useful Mclody 
Mater on what looted like a- 
tongher assignment. 

Meanwhile, at Folkestone, 
those first-season . trainers 

Blmkered first time 

FOLKESTOMft 1J> Bofcf MUM.' 140 
Pisftw. 230 MOate Marfa. Id Gto* 

_ Gtowtog 

n* H-PMkfi WMng 
flow t Nomad Boxor. 3J» AzMy. 

Desert Orchid shines 
in Brown’s fine treble 

star heads 

Desert Orchid was the 

light of a 46-1 treble for 

Brawn, wfcei leadiig from pflbr 
to pest la foe Hobten Report 
Lager Handicap Chase at 
Sandown Park on Saturday. - 
David Etsworttfs grey geH- 
tng, tone of the most popular- 
hones in tniaiq.gotb some 
prestj^oos leaps tat wns never 
able ts get Ear away from Yery 
Pro raising and The Aignmnt, 
who both looked n threat after 
turning into the straight. After 
jumping the last, bowerer. 
Desert Orchid qmckeeed again 
and, at the Bne, had four lengths 

was uraiiag his first appearance 
since Joining David Manny* 
Smith at Upper lanlmni and 
looked n nsefiil performer. Apart 
from one mistake at the. 11th, 
where he dived sharply to the 
left, he jumped superbly and 

west dear from three fences out, 

eventually finM«ing 2D i re j y hn 
ahead of Royal Gambit Arctic 

for Haydock 

to spare over The Argonaut 
Very Promising, n farther 

three len gth* back, in third 
place, was far from disgraced as 
he was attemptmg to give the 
whiner 25tb- 

Browa, successful on GhtrfStr 
in the openu^ race, added 
another win . when Gomse 
Hunter landed the Helsten 
Hamburg Hamficap Chase. 

The ex-Irish framed gABng 

Mnrmy-Smith ' 

egbt-yeuHild for, a 

based syndicate and the trainer 
said afterwards; < Tw never 
schooled a hone who has 
jumped as writ as this one. Be 
won over two and a quarter ami 
tworanda half subs last season, 
bat he's hied to get any distance. 
He may ran again at Ascot hi a; 
couple ef^ weeks’*. 

Ebworth's mxtnfd after- 
started when Ghofor 
landed the ToU Hoase Novices’ 

Hurdle. The three-year-old had 

finished second at Devon on his 
defeat and put that experience to 
good use. 

Foigrve N’ Forget, despite 
maH«g the odd mistake on hi* 
seasonal debut in the Charhe 
Hall Memorial Wetherby Chase 
on Saturday, pleased his trainer, 

hom^to^^by 1 half 4 l^^h. 
from Cybrandian. 

Hie winner was immediately 
installed 6-1 favourite by Wil- 
liam Hill for thg fMwnhiim 
Gold Cup. ' 

“He now goes for the Edward 
HanmerCbaso at Haydodc, and 
win abo have another rece there . 
bdbre Tackling the King George 
VI CbaseatKempton on Boxing 
Day.** Fitzgerald said. 

That will mr*n jm pllwv dwh 
with old rival Wayward 
who was beaten five and a half 
len gths into thu d place. 

Peter Easterly, foe Mahon ' 
trainer, was on foe mark in foe 
Wenslevdale Novices’ . Hurdle 
with a first and second, Qpmat 
A1 Ain and Cumbrian Nijo. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Patrick’s Star. 2.45 Noble Flyer. 

3.15 Pyjamas. 3.45 Durham Edition. 4.15 Rapier 

Going: good 

1.15 B0RCIV1CUS NOVICE HUIBXE ^6^: 2m 41) 
(14 runners) - - 

M Akkra (7) 

2 1 HARCSUNAE Akkra 4-1 1-5- 

S 332 " 

8UYTQOMaF)8Psynt311-0 B3 

5 223 CHRISTMAS HOLY Mrs GRovalagr 5-11-0. PKi 

6F0P2 EAST PARK FWMson 311-0. 

7 30 FOBTMA WOOD WASteptwreon 7-11-0. 

^ .BLanb 

12 SM PRMCE SOL VTtaompaan 7-11-0- MrnTbarapm(q 

U, 9 MBMU.Uk.MM4.11Jl >- - 

17 030 STMCn.YflMXM A DBitram 7-114. 

18 034 TIE GREAT DQO GHetnRiv 7-1 VO. 



21 004 EMPRESS JOSEPHNECBravny 3130. 

22 HRE START Gakla 310-9 MrD~ 


« ssa 


25 OM OF THAT RJC Iks JwMr 3138 

_ 31Marce*ra.3lRkmdato.32B«yTDhin.a-1ThBGrart 
Ood. 131 East Pvk, 12-1XhrfMmm Ho if. 


HANDICAP CHASE (£1,984: 3m) (6) 

x wo Roteonia-ii-itL. »tim 


6 283 IRBAXBI J Jsftsraan3132 



10 441- KAU LYON (CO) D Lamb 3KML— — 
7-4 MISS 

M Mta MW3114 UM8 Ftenchram. 32 Mr Bator, 11-2 
i Lyoa. 131 CtanroctM Stream, 14-1 tnWtog. 


2m) 02) 

1 S? SBBB!HB*. C Pjiwy 3»4 him 

3 803 CeCERBREFAbton 4-114 - ■ uu*.i 

2 ^25 SS^VnMmrawfrll^— HrMTHomraca! 

5 OF KOOA KHAN R Johnson 4-11-5 » P Inhiiura i . 

* . a wp»«pw» R tom 3u4l__. *nSS,m 

J sSKta 

004 OS-Tg C Parto r 3-10-5 . _ B Storey 

0 PATHKJre STM (to JhrawyRSaeraid 3-135 MDwrer 
MThomton 3-10-5 D WScfcaaft 

MBIMEJ Norton 310-a. 



2 FANNY RDBMmqoenjrs Smltt 3130, CM 

. , ^ 4- F inn); Rrt M. 11-4 PaWctos SMr. 11-2 Dattoaa 
Prims, 15-2 Ntotnmras, I3l Storm Lord, 131 pnnyAfiilefc. 

Course specialists 


FtogsraliL 8 tom 24. 33^%: G Rkftsrds. 21 tram 86. 2C4K; ^ 
Uav^i^^a.^ ^D^Bwto.91rpro54.16^%;WA 

JOCKEYS: N Dooghiy. 12 wtoners tom 55 rhtoa. 21 C 
Gren. 23 tom 10B, 21 .f it; K Jams. Mtom 70, 20tok Tu*. 
14 tom 81. 17.3%; TG Dun, 9 tore 55. 134%; RLrab. 18 tom 

3ra) (10) . . 

2 4 FOIffiSrSMOJ Storer 31 1-0 Mr C Storey 

3 _ KMG KAM1A Mra J GoadMow 31V0 B Storey 

5 82-9 NOBLE FLYER C Brarere 311-fl HT ' 


6 F24 PANEBYniTCi 

1V1V0 __ 

7 803 “ROYAL REPLY W Raad 311-0_ 

8 DO SUPS P Rg«CEW' Wa4a 311-0- — MrK Arekreoufn 

9 43PF SWEET STREAM V TTtanpjion 7-11-0 

10 BUSTS ) aPRWQJ S Wtoan QCto 



14 4F/ SCARLET COON CFtanay 13139 ! — - 

11-8 Nobis Ffyer, 34 Paosfflrlst 9-2 Bostod Spring. 


0S91: 206.(17) 

1 4 310 1HEFnBIJMaonpy311-10 

2 1 NORTH^MV^^fjS Wlson 4-11 -TO T T Q Dm 

4 BOSCHBKMLASEtoy 4-11-0 _ 

5 am DOWELMEWAStophanaon 5-114 

7 632-. GREY CARD M Bart* 5-11-0 ! RLarab 

8 403 HBXCATMUOWHESTLBi W McGIm 311-0 N Oougtoy 
8 4*3 MAJOR RO UGE (B) J Chariton 4-11-0 _ REanSZ 

_ 13 924- PLEDGDOH GRBSN Vnwqoson 31W - . 

15 3 PYJAMA S QRBn rm 5-11-0 ‘ __]I!Z?!!? P^S 

16 000/ ROGUE rERRESJ9torey 311-0 Mr C Storey 

17 003 HtBnC -H 

- » o SHAFPON BELLS jfcrtan 4-1 1-0 _ SJ OTMI 

20 F SMQnY Gat WBonOey 4-11-0 MIM 

. 23 ; TSEYAHHOH P MonMa 4-114 ^'DNotoi 

27 LANSOOWfCLAOTC Brswy 3139 N Dnfaa 

28 03 HA0C£AMLtoJVtor3 


NESPONOER T Cutring ha w 4-139 

. MrS C— to— P) 
: 34 Nohfwni (ftrar, IT-4 Tire Rwr, 32 Gray Card, 1V2 
Pytoraas, 31 Ftadgdon&aen, 131 Major RougeL 7 ; 

3L45 HADRIAN HANDICAP CHASE (£1,443: 2m 4fi 


2 330 

6 2-23 WACOP 

7 00P- 


.. 12-104). 

J Jattarjon 310-0. 

>3132 R I 

.C Grant 


- 311 Durttatn Ecftton. 11-4 hwcop. 31 Stoator. 

hwt flat race 

(£362; 2m) (1?) 

“’wr - • 


r 15 

9- MjEjUroSra J Haftton* 311-5_ mu 

NOHIteRN LEAGUE W A Stoptranaon 311-5 






M SHSfrARJSWI— i4-ri^__ B rDtortffitS 


4-1 ML 



4-11-5 — Pr P Rtotarewd 



FALC ON CRAG p MacDonU 3m tnUfm 

2 5SfSL2M»H 

00 NUA 8AUCTVHM 4-11-0 

* Mra G fteretey 5-TVO 

« SHERMAGO CBM 4-11-0 

, IhVI 

i SS™ 00 - 7 ' 

Saturday’s results 


Lis 1. Cresta Aactloo (25-1); 2. Land 



M L 


1 30 1. Fort iiupnft 



.Nom To 

. I). BeJ 

ran. Nft. Corel 

j qpBa* M m (7-1): 2. J 

to* a «nB?en QMSt 0-1). 12 ran. 




2H1. Echo Sounder (86-40 tuv); 2. GaM 

Bug( 4 -MVdi > .S OM tofiVmt 

p a2^iiS£?£®®^ p-ilsSS? 

U 1. Le ddau Lad (10-1 t z. Live Jn 

Jagan Sowfao ng. Koreans. Sorao- 
ausL Horal Qiarms. 

1. CKy In noH (34 i 
*^2-1): 3. Golden Panaraj 
28 ran. fit t Pototonf, TatonL 
3-50 1, Mad— Btoa (7-1 h 2. Rk*w 


Sandown Park 

U) 1. Qtefar (10330): 2. QoMtot Croft 
»-1fc 3. NosNa GoaMrefr-q. Kh^Ftanto 
34 rev. 14 ran. (Wt MRtortfQaay 
_U0 1. Courea Hue— O-n fM 

Oamto (1033% 3. atcOo Sman^G 


to 1. Juntotore 03 ft 2, Bantoook 

1): 3. Woodakfe Read (9-4 (aiA. 7 ran. 

3JS 1. VtaoPtoala f!3a £ Jtopanaa 
p-Ti 3. Can— Ctown 0-1). KoflTfr-2 
fw. 13 ran. NR: Lumen. 

« 1; Bm»(32):4TtoioSwr03-1l: & 
ay (knter (5-4 avL 20 raft Ffft Rreroa 

4XHSS. Sssptoe StesJa. 


■TJO Ii Joint (. _ . . 

knocent John (14.1); 3. 


251. Omreel A) Ah 

;2. CureOrtrai 

Fear Manta (14.1 
Beta Lad (T4-1). 

ran. Wt BoW Buraort. 

clash with 


TTie freelance jockey Barrie 
Wright was involved .in an 
.incident with, a racegoer after 
foe first race, the Greyfriaxs 
Novices* Chase, at Chepstow "on " 

Wright's mount,- Silyer. 
Se a h n ghL raras dear and looking 
certain to win until dramatical^ 
breaking down on foe run-m. 
Tbe gelding -was beaded by. 
imperial Champagoc, but mgg- 

flOPH tft'hrtU An In tin w J 

X2S l^nbarRMOtor (fl-lft^toM 1 
M (131); 3, PrYnrosa Wood (E«rt»S? 

^i'cssr^ 0 ^!- 

Silver Seabrigbfs injuries 
were so severe he was destroyed 
on foe spot by the course veL 
Wnght was distressed and hr. 
tears when aiacegoer abonted at 
{fon. Why didyou hit biin, yon 
bastard?" ■ 

Later, Wridit explained:: “I 
saw red, and leapt oyer foe tails _ 
to confront this man. f ■ never’ 
once hit the hone, and I was 
very upset that anyone should 
make such a comment.” . ; 

A spokesman fbrihe stewards 

said foev were aware ’ oT foe 
madentbut baddeadedtotate . : 

do action. 





Lend John' Fitzgerald and 
Willie Kools both have a 
chance of rinteng down the 


couple of the prizes therewith 
Lsdv Goombe (3.30) and 
Formerly trained in Ireland 
by Peuldy Hughes for whom 
she was placed in the Irish 
Lincoln this spring, Lady 
Coombe ran twA enough in 
herfirst and only race in this 
country for her new trainer to 
suggest that she is capable of a 
victory in the Appiedore 

■Wsn^iran this afternoon- 

Likewise,' ZOIebete has 
done enough to ten foe flames 
of hope that rite can vm the 
Hurstmonceux Handicap on 
the omnse which provided 
Brooks with the first winner of 
his career bade in Jane. 

PhuI CoJe, from whom he 
learned so- much during his ■ 
stay at HiD House, can also 
weigh in by landing foe first 
division of tbe Burwash 
Oairnmg States with Bather 
Homely whose form at Ascot 
and ' Nottingham is ter and 
ateay superior to anything that 
ter rivals have managed. In 
the same vein. In Fat City's 
dose four th befamd Naked 
Dress al. Goodwood marks 
him down as the likdy winner 
of tbe other division (2-0) 

i . 

•■tf ’ 

- * •• 

s’ •• 

V i! 



v 11 . •tS'* 

. %«• 

•**'** % 




Dancing Brave and aU but 
one the res t of the European 
challengers for the world's 
richest day's racing were swept 

tfl «ilb at 

Anita on Saturday by as bard- 
trained and professional a 
bunch of equine athletes as 
ever assembled. 

For the first time for days, 
the Waring son had burnt off 
the Los Angeles smog. And 

ground of the San Gabriel 
Mountains, the green tashness 
of the trees and grass made 
Santa Anita on Breeders' Cup 
day look hire an earthly 

It was, alas, not that for the 

B ritish raiding party, whose 
hyped-up dreams of glory 
were torn into almost as many 
fragments as the discarded 
betting tickets in an ony of 
gambling that totalled a 
United States record of over 
$69m wagered on-track. 

Dancing Bravo, Britain's 
hero of the 2,000 Guineas, the 
King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Stakes and the Prix 
de PArc de Triomphe, was 
fourth, about seven l^ngrtw; 
behind Manila, the winner of 
the Breeders’ Cup Turf It was 
a disappointment, even if -as 
we learned afterwards - Guy 
Harwood had been on the 
point of withdrawing him 
earlier in the week. 

Fernando Toro adopted the 
expected front-r unning tactics 
on Estrapade, but Charlie 
Whittington's mare never 

ehnwtvl thp fin» rin, hwl 

her the Budwriser-Ariington 

kftlHhn aM eli A nmrw 

1 1 ’i j 1 1 ’-I:-; n ^ ni i - 1 


bone went aD right to the 
bold, although he got bumped 
aronndabiL But hejust didn't 
have it He was cm the wrong 

— m BIVUIM suppuig 

away from him and he 
OTumaJ quicken. But horses 
hire Theatrical and Danoa 
couldn't beu him with a 

hammer in England He’s now 

off to sUHlawf they can't take 
the Arc or anything else away 

QDIQ him ” 

Guy Harwood, his realistic 
pre-race fears having been 
fully Justified, commented: 
“He did his best, but he wasn’t 
quite up to h. IPs been a long 
season and he couldn't find 
his nsnal kick. We took a 
calcul ate d chance bringing 
him over here and it draft 
come off But he's still a great 
horse. It wasn't the mr to or 
the heat; Fat said that he 
couldn't handle foe bends 

Racing nowadays is all 
about ' international com- 
petition. So nothing c an dim 
foe brilliance of foe victory of 
Manila, a rugged and deter- 
mined competitor. 

Santos was quite overcome 
with emotion. “I first asked 
the colt at the three -eighths 
pole, but Estrapade started to 
dnft to foe right With about 

hit^jrnfhands’ and I dropped 
my sock. So t crouched a bit 
lower and whispered ‘Come 
on, champ'. Boy, did he raw- 

Emburey casts long shadow 
as batsmen’s sun goes down 

;! •< i f , 

U :(' 

■ V -4 ’If f 

From A Special Correspondent, Adelaide 

An England XI staged their 
third impressive recovery on 
successive days here yesterday 
and through Eroburey*s patience 
and persistence manoeuvred 
South Australia into a position 
from which they could not easily 

} jfe 1 

were 261 for eight, a lead ofl 59, 
on a pitch with something in it 
for foe spinners text still favour- 
ing the batsmen. Emburey, who 
bad suffered severely doing a. 
fourtlvwidcet stand of 14S be- 
tween Phillips and Hookes, 
recaptured the initiative against 

untypical Australian batting in 

the evening to end with six for 
101 ofT3S overs. 

Of £6 overs bowled by Eng- 
land in 5hr 20min, Ire and 
Edmonds shared 68, and though 
Edmonds went without a wicket 
his role was scarcely less im- 
portant. Small, nursing a jarred 
kn ee , was off the fidd au day, 
and Botham, though he bowled 

Hildhch in his second over, was 
not njwp fro m lunchtime 
onwards, though there were two 
occasions during the big stand 
when it right for him to 


Like his two predecessors, it 
was a day of much excellent and 

fluctuating cricket, marked by 
the hottest weather of foe match 
and tire first appearance at it of 
Sir Donald Bradman, an un- 
obtrusive watcher from the 
executive box alongside the 
South Australian dressing- 
room. He and Bin O’Reflly, bis 
great contemporary in 
Australia’s Test sides of the 
1930s, who at the age of SO is 
commenting with his usual 
asuingeacy for the Sydney 
Morning Herald, did sot meet: 
nor have they done so, accord- 
ing to O’Reilly, for 12 yeare. 

England, adding 25 for the last 
two wickets for a lead of 102, 
made great use of 80 minutes' 
bonding before lunch by reduc- 
ing South Australia to 56 for 
three. Watson was leg-before to 
a full-length ball from Dilley, 
which swung away, and Hfl- 
ditch, conscious of Edmonds 
dose in at siUy-point, was 
bowled off his inside edge from 
a ball that cut back off the pitch. 

Five minutes before the inter- 
val Bishop, looking as dan- 
gerous as m Friday's 67, swept 
Emburey off the middle of the 
bat just behind square leg and 
was caught with casual ease by 
Edmonds inches off the ground. 

For the third day in succes- 

sion, though, the afternoon be- 
longed almost wholly to the 
batsmen, the left-handed Phil- 
lips and Hookes at his most 
fluent adding 1 39 in 33 overs. In 
the first hour, when 92 was 
scored. Edmonds was cut and 
swept too often for a spinner of 
his experience; but Hookes in 
that mood has never been an 
easy man to bowi ux He swept . 
Edmonds twice for six — the 
square boundaries at Adelaide 
arc shorter than ax Lord's — and 
with beautiful fist footwork 
toyed with Emburcy*s cover 

When South Australia were 
1 9S for three at tea the game was 
almost even. But in the second, 
over afterwards, at almost foe 
moment Greg Norman lost his 
chance of winning foe Austra- 
lian PGA - it would have been 
his seventh title running — by 
going two over par ai foe short ; 
14th in Sydney, Phillips clipped . 
a caught-aad-bowJed to 
Emburey and South Australia's 
dismttxration was in progress. 

Half an hour later Hookes, 

Manila (left) bursts dear of Theatrical in Saturday’s Breeders’ Cup Turf at Santa Anita m 
which Dancing tore finished a disappointing fourth 

West Indies held 

with condition and arc on had sent their horses over a are highly intelligent men, 
their toes in the paddock, week before the day in the with finable and inquiring 
The y are h eld up for exciting hope of acclimatizing them, brains with which they are 
late bursts of speed. But here, but they may not have taken seeking to extend the frontie rs 
though they look lifeless, they tire sultry heat sufficiently into of their knowledge, 
nm from wire to wire. account. During the next few 

“'Dancing Brave, on the An Mded complication was months, they and their vet- 
other band, sweated badly that the bride quarantine barn erinary advisers will be 

To seek further explanation 

-JG-ftw- tk* rMiK.# T\_ : _ 

Brave, I made my way. 

" “ uuujwnuiu} ouiuj wouuuuig UK umipuMiiw 

12 to 15m by midweek and building compared with tire veterinary and physiological 

run from wire to wire. 

“Dancing Brave, on the 
other hand, sweated badly 

are highly intelligent men, 
with flexible and inquiring 
brains with which they are 
seeking to extend the frontiers 
of their knowledge. 

During the next few 
months, they and their vet- 
erinary advisers will be 

1 ^ir 1 ^ 1 '• ' r ^ 1*1 ik : 1 



i 4- »7Vi i K3 

1: 1 



fl ^Tf 

Btfii i jT | m \ >) ro * 

IX: ' j | Mi | i \T » | 

\ ■ «T-1 

Tt i 1 r»y 1 1 r 

|/i j? t TT7r<7T^l rn ; ;7f T »v< 

i“ ii , "p 

IT -f y.’Tf PS. 

[fijM _ 

T-l-l v- r> CT 

” I rnTmnuk w i u 

SahhvaL (AFP) — A draw was 
foe inevitable outcome of West 
Indies’ last three-day match, 
against foe Punjab Governor's 
XL here on yesterday. 

Play ended an boor before the 
scheduled dose with foe tourists 
on 1 13 for three wickets is their 
second innings. Opener, Des- 
mond Haynes, was unbeaten on 
50, including eight fours, after 
adding 63 for the third wicket 
with Gus Logie. Earlier, foe 
Governor's XI had avoided foe 
foBow-on, being aD out for 214 
in foe first over after hmch with 
AsifMujtaba, aged 19, still there 
after making a determined 70. 

The left-hander had come to 
tbe crease on Saturday with two 
of bis side back in the pavilion 
with only 31 runs on foe board 
and an uphill tad: in prospect. 
Asif not only saved his team 
but, following his entertaining 
64 against the West Indies in foe 
three-day match in Rawalpindi 
last month, gave another ex- 
cellent display, handling both 
pace and spin with equal ease. 

Resuming at foeir overnight 
score of 128 for seven, foe 
Governor’s XI avoided having 
to bat a second time thanks to 
Asif and the taflendersi He 
added 64 with AH Ahmed, who 
made 28 before being caught off 
Patrick Patterson, and fellow 
fast bowler, Winston Berjjamw, 
then polished off the innings by 
having Mohsin Kamal fcgbe- 
fbre and bowling Nasir Javed. 

WEST MXAIte Hrtt (ratings 
C G Qmanidge e Masood Anwar JB Kami 9 

DL Haynes e Kami b Aimed 30 

RBRttwdSoncKamdb Ahmad — 22 

A L login cBshi b Javed 25 

PJLOujonratOut I2S 

*1 V AR&nniscandb Javed 0 

fTRORqm&JsMd ... 14 

R AHuperbJMd — - — - — ■ 0 

W K R Bwqonn c Hbwan b Buff 92 

CO Buffs b Rowan 0 

BPManoncMimBdbButt — 9 

Extras (b 2. b 1) JO 

Total 33? 

FALL OF WICKETS: M8.24S. 34&4.113, 
5-113. 6-141. 7-145. MW, 9-328. 10437. 
BOWLMG: Kanal T7-3-76-1; Aimed 10-1- 
502; Baht WK»0; Butt 30*0-734; 
Javed ^002-4; Mjtube 1-&4-Q; Rftwsn- 
iB-Zaman 300-1. 

Second tontags 

C G OreanUge bwb Buff 21 

□ L Haynes not out 80 

R B RJcnarOeon c Masood Anwar b Butt 4 

ALLMtaKwbMudassw 29 

extres(bi.b2 l w5,rbi)_ - 9 

TOM (3 w*tt) 113 

FAIL OF WICKETS; 1-49. 253, 3-113. 
BOWLING: Kanal 60340: Ahmed SOOO- 
ft Mutefcs 32-l-ft Butt 5-1-31-2; Jned 7- 
vaift Mufcnar 0300-1. 

PUNJAB GOVERNOR'S Xfc Flrat Imtingu 
Mudassar Nazar c Logie b Patterson - 4 
Masood Anwar c Payne b Pennon _ 5 

Rbwan-uz-Zaman curie b BUBS 29 

AstfMrtabanotflut — - — . — — 70 

SbaMOAnw e RUwds b Herpar B 

Manzoor SanJePawab Harper 26 

Masood Iqbal cLctfeb Butts S 

Ghaftkf Butt b Buffs 0 

AS Ahmed c Haynes b Pattarson — 28 
Moftsta Kama! fw b Benjeiitin _____ 10 

Nasir Javed b Benjamin _ — — _ 3 

Earn (b9. toiaw2,nfa8) 29 

TMN 214 

FALL OF VWCKETB: 1-4,2-31.3-50.4-82. 
5-104.8-115. 7-117. 8-181.B-I82. 18214. 

B -]»!■ 

1 • ■ * u 

\>'"M 1 

L.'.-.e n i 

C ’ \ K fl 

V /W 1 

»• • i ’ ' 

!.>!>■ 7m 

1 'l. , l 

i " 

' '/ 

SSS 3 

’-^■9 '-■T'-?’ -.-#7 T. 

g f u ^i» n»yi j ) a ^ - % i .k> ' m 



No justice in the harsh 
court of the Kangaroo 

By Keith Mack fin showed their amaring capacity 



St Heteiw 8 

Australians 32 

GHmmeringsofhope, if only 
feint, for Great Britain appeared 
at KnowsJev Road yesumiay. St 
Helens, although ultimately 
beaten 32-8, gave the Austra- 
lians their hardest game of foe 
tour, and created more try- 
scoring chances than any pre- 
vious opponents. 

The tour team, fielding foe 
balk of their international side, 
were given a gift six-point start 
when Shearer intercepted a 
loose pass from Platt to run 70 
yards for a try. However the 
Saints attacked vigorously and 
were dose to tries on several 
occasions. Holding and Burke 
were held inches out. Ledger 
hesitated from an interception 
with tbe line dear SO yards 
away, and McCormick faded to 
hold on to a difficult, juggling 
interception, again with foe line 

showed their amazing capacity 
to turn defence into attack in the 
twinkling of a sidestep, or sleight 
ofhand, passing from Lewis and 
Sterling. - 

In a closely contested first- 
half the Saints held their own at 
4-6, but two quick tries late in 
the half gave foe tourists a lead 
of 14-6 at halftime. 

After foe interval, tbe Austin- 1 
lians absorbed a terrific amount ; 
of St Helens pressure, before 
Miles showed his outstanding 1 
international quality in the 
centre with a brilliant individual 
run and by. As the Saints tired 
towards the end of the game the 
tourists ran in tries that gave foe 
scoreline a margin that was 
unfair to the home side after 
foeir spirited efforts. 

SQOflEfl&StHafma: Goate LougMbi (4L 
AaMc Trias: Shearer (^T iifatoinq. 
Miss. CM Manriga. Goals: Menhga {3J. 

ST tELENS: VSiwc Ledger. LoogWtn. 
HiM iva n . Mcttwmfcfc; Clark. Holding; 
BjrtaUpsot, Fortier. Haggerty, Pten. 

AUSfrSSuAKS: Jack: Mertnga. Kenny. 
Mass. Shearer. Lams, Storing: Oowting. 
Simmons. Roach. CtoaL Nieblng, Lindner. 

■Mmar F Undop (WaafWdJ. 


But once again the Kangaroos BMWe«Ftindop(Wtekefle«v 

Widnes shock Rovers 

Widnes provided yest 
sensation by beating 


In the second division. Don- 
caster beat Blackpool Borough 
22-20, and Dewsbury surpns- 



T7 ^T4 1 


completing his twentieth first- 
class hundred in 163 
with 20 runs off an over, tried to 
dear Emburey’s infield with a 
pick-up and was caught by 
Richards off a high top-edge. 

Sleep, out of character, took 
90 minutes making 27 before 
being howled by Emburey offer- 
ing no stroke, the first of three 
wickets South Australia lost to 
him in foe final 20 minutes as be 
attacked with six men round the 
bat. Three afternoons in Ad- 
elaide have seen four wideets fell 
for 446; three evenings 12 fin 1 
270. It can only be the sun's 
effect on concentration. 

SOOTH AUSTRALIA: nmintongs 306 tor ' 
8 doe (W B PMflps lift O A oSop«7. P ’ 
R Sleep 66 not off). 

Second tnntna* * 

A M J Hidttcti b Bottom OH 7 - 

ASWHsonflwbWBy 1 - 

W BPMSps candb Entjurey 70 ? 

G A Bishop c BAaoncts 0 &nburey _ 3t - 
U W Hootea c Rlcbsrds b Embraay 104 

PR Steep b Embmy - — . 27 

tO JKa^c Gaffing b Emburey — 5 - 

A K Zesars c Edmonds b Emburey — 1 ’ 

T B A May not but 2 

SDH Patwmon not out ■ — ..... 2 

Extras (bl.bSlnb 7) — _ 11 

Total (8 «*»} 261 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7. 24, S54. 4-199, 
5^«a B-2S& 7-257. S457. 

BOWLING (to datsfc Offley 11-041-1; 
Bottom 5-1-10-1; Bnburey 36-B-101-& 
Edmonds 334-704; Getting l-i-ML 
ENGLAMTXl: First toning* 

B C Broad bw b Paridnson — 0 

CWJAtfwb PWfdnscxi IS 

•MWGaWngc Kelly DPwfetaai 8 

A jLamb MKafcbGfaep 105 

J JWhffatowcVntaanbParldrison. 10S 

IT Botham cHoakmb May 70 

tCJ Richards c Hookas b Steep — 24 

J e Emburey M Kay b May 4 

PH Edmonds e Hookes b Parkinson 27 

GRDfleycKMyb Steep 32 

GCSmnnotout 0 

Extms(b5,bQ 11 

TOW 407 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-15L 34ft 4- . 
21 0,5-294,6-325, 7-347, 85tf7TMQ7, 10- - 
407. ; 

BOWUNG: Qtadtami 14«5M: Paridn- * 
son 2&44S7-5; Zeeers 234-77-0; Mqr i 

23-0-111-2; Steep 205-6&-3. t 


the form 

By a Correspondent 

The strongest fidd ever 
assembled for a British indoor 
event has gathered at foe Pres- 1 
ton Guild HalL 3 

Thirty-twq of the best players 1 
in the country will be competing ‘ 
on foe green-hued carpet until " 
next Sunday, when the 1986 CIS * 
UK champ) on will pick up foe . 
trophy and a cheque for £7,000. v 

Tbe folly of attempting to ^ 
predict a winner on form before 
foe first rink was bowled was 
undeitined by tbe failure of 
some of foe favourites to sur- 
vive the opening round over the 
first two days. 

Holder Jim Bator went out in 
straight sets to foe 26-year-okl 
Welsh civil servant, John Price, 
and foe twicc-Scottish cham- 
pion, Jim Boyle, dipped dis- 
appointingly to top cro wn 
exponent, Brian Dunam. 

Even David Bryant was pot « 
under severe pressure by tbe 
Rhondda player, John Thomas - t 
before getting his house in order. 

He won 7-2 in foe third set, * 
setting up a fesemating crown- 
versns-flat encounter with 

Tony Allcock, theworid 
champion, struggled too, find- 
ing it hard to contain the 
determined challenge of another 
Rhondda player, Lyn Tanner, at 
first Tanner has been playing 
the game fin- only four years, 
which makes him a novice in 
bowls Hams. Allcode was re- 
lieved when his opponent fi- 
nally capitulated Airay, 
and another upset was averted. 
FIRST ROUND: J Pries (WMn)btJ Baker 


i_ J . »f i iw A 1 ' 1 


r,Fii?a 2 Bg 

todays toRorwff* 




Mil l I 



Failing breeze 
mars ranning 
of circuit race 

A sluicing spring ebb and a 
felling north-easterly breeze 
combined to defeat both the 
race officer and 85 startets in the 
third race of the .Allied Lyons 
Solent c i rcuit scries held yes- 
terday off Lymington. 

Difficulties with the change of 
1 tidal stream just on start time 
forced a half-hour postpone- 
ment for all classes, mid by tbe 
time racing was under way at 
10,30 the north-easterly breeze 
had begun to fade. 

By noon. Marionette was the 
only class 1 competitor to have 
finished even the first triangle. 
By 3pm, Marionette had given 
up and the class 8 vessel, 
Deerhunter, had yet to reach the 
second marie of the course. 

The committee did set short- 
enedkourse finish fines at 
Hampstead Ledge and Berthon, 
but only class 7 managed to 
straggle borne before the 4pm 

RESULTS: Claw 7: 1, Smoky 3 (T 

5. Mtety Star (M ff CortSn). 



1111 nwHHni 


iw'V'ji mTHJ' il ink 

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Graham finds all is far 
from quiet on the 
championship front 

By Clive White 

Chariton Athletic 0 

Arsen aL 2 

Geoife Graham may not 
5 like it, but the Arsenal 
X “seoret” is oul In one of their 

* most revealing performances 
£of the season on Saturday, 
Stbey declared themselves — 
C willingly or unwillingly — as 

* one of the favourites for the 
" championship as they slipped 
!> into second place in the 
t League. 

* Graham's assertion after- 
ip wards that they were “no- 
*• -where near good enough yet" 
r and that, hopefully, they 

would stay somewhere around 
jp the lop six, fell upon deaf ears. 
^ He should have tried telling 
"that to Chariton Athletic's 
dispirited players, thrown 
back into the font for another 
fiery baptism when, after six 
successive victories, they 
could have been excused for 
thinking that the first division 
was not so hot after all. 

Graham certainly did not 
fool an astute Eastender like 
Lennie Lawrence, the un- 
pretentious Charlton man- 
ager. “They are a very well 
oiganized and disciplined 
side, cleverly underplayed by 
George. They compare very 
favourably with the best. 
They’re as good as Forest in 
midfield and a better side than 
Everton. Everton gave us a 
chance. These didn't" 

Arsenal's impressively 
mean and, at the same time, 
lavish performance said as 
- much about their canny, new, 
Scottish manager as them- 
selves. Interestingly, the name 

of Terry Venables cropped up 
afterwards during remarks 
made separately by Lawrence 
and Sansom, the Arsenal left 
back. Lawrence said that he 
had not seen a team win the 
ball back from the opposition 
with such speed since the days 
of Venables’ Queen's Park 
Rangers. And Sansom said 
that there was “a tot of Terry 
Venables in Graham". He 
added that the Arsenal man- 
ager had a similarly clever 
approach to the game and to 
players, which is, perhaps, not 
surprising. Graham worked 
under Venables as a coach at 
Rangers and as a player at 
Crystal Palace before becom- 
ing his own man at Mill wall. 
Coincidentally, it was Ven- 
ables who was first mooted for 
the Highbury job. 

But even Venables’ sides 
never had the same commit- 
ment, albeit a sensible one, to 
attack as this Arsenal one. 
Graham said recently that he 
had taken delight at scotching 
the idea that Arsenal were 
boring. At Seihurst Park they 
swarmed around Chariton 
with such conviction and 
support (Lawrence thought 
that the majority of the 19,000 
crowd were Arsenal support- 
ers) that they must have made 
Chariton wonder who was at 
home — still an ongoing 
problem for the Valiants these 

After Quinn had glanced a 
shot by Shipley against his 
own crossbar — the nearest 
Chariton came to scoring — 
Arsenal took factual control 
when Adams scored smartly at 

the ter post after a Shirtliff 
deflection had favoured Arse- 
nal. It was not the first time 
that this maturing, talk talent 
at centre back has shown such 
incisiveness around the box. 
But they still need a regular 
interloper in that area, some- 
thing Lawrence and Graham 
did agree upon. 

Hayes, whom Graham tried 
to sell a couple of months ago, 
is doing his best to dissuade 
his manager from this 
thought Even the reluctant 
Arsenal advocate admitted 
that Hayes' sixth goal in six 
games was “a bit of class”. 
Braking away inside his own 
half, Hayes evaded Chariton's 
ill-posilioned ch all e nges be- 
fore racing on to lob Johns 
with the confidence that was 
surprising for someone who 
had been lacking in that 

Hayes and the other Arsenal 
youngsters. Gravies and 
Quinn, are learning 
“George has put a lot into 
their heads very quickly,” said 
Lawrence, their newest fan 
conceding that he had not 
learnt as much from a game all 
season. With Nicholas, Rix 
and Robson yet to return and 
Arsenal's run in their absence 
now seven games without 
defeat, their challenge has 
been exposed as a substantial 
one. Now they have to Irani to 
live Up tO tile image. 

M Raid. A Prate, S Thompson. 
BLoa.M Stuart, J Metros* (nutr 


is caught 
by weather 

Stain Keith Wheatley 
‘ Fr eman tle 

f } 


* ill • 


Getting carried away: Roberts, tire To ttenham Hotspur defender, leaves tire field on a stretcher on Saturday after a dash 
with Sanchez, of Wimbledon, which also resitted in fan being sent ofL Report; page 41 




By Nicholas Hurting 


as the serious business t 

usu 1 1 

J Pearson). M AUewood. G Shtatov 

ARSENAL: J Lutes V Anderson, K 
Sansom, S WHans. 0 Oleary, A Adams, 
0 Rocaslfe, P Davis, N Quinn, P Grows 


My kind of Webb can pick up 

Luton is 

the broken thread 

Let bk tdl yon about my lad 
'on Saturd a y. It is intere stin g 
b e c ame scarcely anyone travel- 
ling by tram to watch a first 
division football match would 
have been allowed to have the 
same loach. Indeed, anyone 
travelling to a town in which a 
big feethall watch was to be 
played, even if he had not the 
slightest intration of going near 
the game, would have been 
a wddected to a hefty fine for 
having a tench like none. 

I had two British Rail sand- 
wiches (not had, actually) and a 
can of beer. No <me is allowed to 
take alcohol on to a train on 
. which there mD be footbsH 
supporters. This is yet another 
smaH way m which football 
matches impose on people who 
have nothing to do with the 

But I was allowed my beer 
because I was gomg to Lotos 
Town, the dob who have banned 
aft away supporte r s from their 
ground. A lot of football people 
are my nhappy about that. Let 
me lefl yen, ordinary people 
travelling from St Panaras to 
Luton on a day a London dnb 
played Lntoa Town can take this 
unhappiness in their stride. So 
cenU the thousands 
abort hi Luton's sbo 
Tree, it doesn't seem use a 
proper football match withoet 
hundreds at sulky, csntemp- 
toons coppers herding h u ndreds 
; ■ of nasty, showing-air boys 
through the town. Brt m truth 
what is amazing is that ft has 
become accepted that every time 
22 men plan to kkk a bladder 
about a toll-scale military opera- 
tion is required to make sore 
there is no riot. 

Is it worth it? Yes, yes, yes, 
r scream the dubs across the bind, 
whose survival plan is to squeeze 
the last drop of admission 
r tarn the hooligans in any 
i and sperious cap com- 
petition they can think of. And 
wfcBe most dobs have continaed 
with this paBcy, it has reached 
the stage that the normal bad- 
ness at the town cannot continue 
when a football match is played. 

The world has to stop for 
football: the liberty to open a 
shop, to bay a hem, to catch a 
tram w i thout enduring a noisy 
atmosphere of threat, even to 
walk down the street, are all 
curtailed by footbalL It is amaz- 
that football has got away 
' i it for so long. 

The simple sofmioa would be 
to ban football, as provocative 
political coBtoerHaarcbes M 
to get banned. Bat this would be 
a pity: quite apart from anything 
else, football can be a pretty 
good game. Lntoa have come op 

' with an only slightly less radical 

notation and have die rfaanlm of 
a nyo ne who wants 
normal fife in 
■’ Sunday afternoon. 

They tell me there is no 
atmosphere at Luton Town, as 
there is at normal matches, 
where supporters spend aD their 
.. time at 90 degrees to the play, 
pointing at each other and 
exchanging pitfaecanChropic 
abase. They stag such at- 
mospheric things as “There 
won't be many gomg borne" and 
“You’ll never walk again." The 
“atmosphere" is one of fear and 

Bat at Laton yon cmdd dose 

yonr eyes and imagine yon were 
at a noo-Leagne ground. It has 
the same spooky sOcnces. the 
nme startfingly audible cries of 
the players. The ekctnmfc 
sco reb o ar d says things like 
.“Have an eqjoyaUe afternoon, 
kids!” The whole afternoon felt 
pfosticky and utterly non-rootsy. 

So what! ft was football that 
dim not impinge oa the liberties 
. « the noB-mvohed. That is a 
F”*. . leap forward for 
fo nt bal f A n ton’S example riwdd 
be cherished and followed. 




By Simon O’Hagan 

Nottingham Forest 3 

Sheffield Wednesday — 2 

If winning the first division is 
as much about endurance as it is 
skill then Nottingham Forest, 
top of the table since mid- 
September. can take heart from 
their performance on Saturday. 
Faced with a formidable chal- 
lenge from Sheffield Wednes- 
day, they showed their stature in 
a match which eventually 
turned into a classic of passion 
and pace, of punch and counter- 

Few teams can match Wed- 
nesday's capacity for putting the 
opposition under the cosh: they 
have a nostril-flared approach to 
attack which makes the sight of 
them driving forward one of the 
most exhilarating in English 
footbalL Unfortunately, there is 
another side to Wednesday, the 
smothering, defensive side 
which is the one preferred unless 
imminent defeat dictates other- 

Wednesday gambled on 
smothering their way to a result 
against Forest and the gamble 
did not pay offl Their five-man 
defence (admittedly employed 
for only the second time this 
season) set about breaking up 
the Webb-Clough-Birtles rela- 
tionship which is vital to Forest 
and for the first 20 minutes they 
seemed to be succeeding. 

Then they were undone by a 
brilliant piece of opportunism 
from Webb. Making a late run 
into the penalty area that could 
have been Bryan Robson at bis 
best, he beat three Wednesday 

Cantwell in the 
running for 
former post 

Former manager Noel 
Cantwell looks like e me r gin g as 
one of the favourites for a return 
to Peterborough United follow- 
ingthe departure of John Wile. 

The exit of Wile by “mutual 
consent" after three years and a 
half in charge ends a troubled 
spell in which the fourth di- 
vision dub lost four of its eight 
directors and Wile came undo' 
increasing criticism from 
supporters after poor 

Cantwell, the former Man- 
chester United and Republic of 
Ireland defender, steered Peter- 
borough to the fourth division 
title and FA cop success during 
four and a half years as m anag er 
from October 1972. 

• Bolton's 2-1 win at Brentford 
at the weekend ended their 
dreadful run in London at the 
32nd attempt. 

• Newcastle United have made 
a profit of over half a million 
pounds for the second, year m a 
row. and not surprisingly, are 
one of (be few clubs in the black. 

The £590,000 Newcastle re- 
ceived from Spurs for Chris 
Waddle led uj a surplus on 
transfer dealings of £319,050 m 
the financial year which ended 
in May and helped towards a 
total profit of £553,7 1 5. 

• Bristol Rovers are demanding 
£2,000 compensation from the 
Football leagnc following the 
postponement of their home 
game with Darlington who have 
ten players on the sick list. 

Roy Redman. Rovers’ vice 
chairman, said yesterday: “It is 
pathetic. Darlington informed 
the league of their problem on 
Tuesday, and yet the first we 
heard about it was the day 
before the match." 

• The Irish League feces a blank 
Saturday on November 15 — the 
date of tire first anniversary of 
the signing of tire Anglo-Irish 
Agreement. Widespread disrup- 
tion is expected throughout 
Northern Ireland as “Loyalists" 
staf« protest meetings. 

The matches have been re- 
scheduled for January 31. 

defenders to in Mills’s 
cross. It was a goal which could 
well secure him the injured 
Robson’s place in the England 
team to play Yugoslavia next 

Howard Wilkinson, the 
Wednesday manager, said after- 
wards that he would have settled 
fortrailing 1-0 at halftime. That 
contingency was blown apart 
when the referee awarded a 
penalty — somewhat harshly, 
perhaps — when Shelton col- 
lided with Clough. Pearce 
successfully converted ft to set 
Dp an en thralling second half 
but one in which Wednesday 
always had a little too much to 

Chapman polled a goal back 
with a well-executed shot from 
the edge of the area but, 
ironically, with Wednesday then 
taking off a defender, Knight, 
fora winger, Chamberlain, For- 
est broke through again, thanks 
to a beautiful pass from Mills 
and the coolness in front of goal 
of Birtles. With 10 minutes left 
Chapman scored a second as the 
hounds of Wednesday resumed 
the hunt; but Forest’s hare had 
gone to ground. 

BuUsrwwth. S Paw*. D Writer. J 
MetgoA I Bowyer. F car, N Webb, H 

Startand. N Worthington, p Hart. i Knight 
(sub: II Chsmbertan). C Madden. B 
Merwood. G Megeon. L Chapman, 0 
test. G Shelton. 

:KJ Breen. 

Beaten only once since BHIy 
McNeill's arrival five weeks ago, 

Aston Villa, it seems, can do 
little wrong under their new 
manager. Villa’s climb away 
from the bottom of the first 
division gained momentum 
with Simon Staurod’s two goals 
in eight second half 
seeing off Leicester City. 

No such luck for Manchester 
United, who lost not only Bryan 
Robson but the chance of 
victory against Coventry City 
when Phillips equalized 
Davenport’s first-half goal at 
(BdTrafibrd. Parity was also the 
outcome at Newcastle where 
Oxford United held out for a 
goalless draw and at Southamp- 
ton where CockeriH hlaruM a 
penalty against the cross-bar 
after Clarke had scored his 12th 
goal of tire season, later to be 
cancelled oat by one from Baker 
for Manchester Gty against his 
own club. 

Oldham Athletic and Ports- 
mouth who finished the top 
second division match without 
a goal or an audible swear 
word between them, are now 
being threatened at the top of rogmov 
the division by Leeds United. 1- There 
0 winners over Sh r ew s bury 
Town and Plymouth Argyle. 3-1 
against Crystal Palace. 

The trig West Midlands derby 
in that division brought a 
healthy crowd of 15,029 at The 
Hawthorns and a 3-2 win for 
West B TO m w i cfa Alban over a 
Bir min g ham City side, whose 
second half revival was ignited 
by a goal from Lynex, now on 
loan with his former dub- At the 
bottom, the influx of Derby 
supporters from just along the 
A50 also assured a four figure 
attendance for Stoke City, bat 
there the joy ended for the home 
dub, whose 2-0 defeat was 
completed by a goal from Phfl 
Gee. It was tire sixth goal in 
seven games for the 21-year-old 
signing from non-league Gresiey 
Rovers 15 months ago. The 
injured Lillis win deady bave to 
woik to regain his place. 

Bournemouth, were over- 
whelmed 4-0 in their top of the 
third division tussle at 
Midd lc sbroagh-The Football 
League’s last unbeaten record 
also disappeared when a beaded 
goal in the last minute by tire 
much travelled Oshor W illiams 
for Preston North End brought 
the fust defeat for Exeter City, 
who bad a dub record of 13 
undefeated fourth division 
matches behind them. 

Lhwwpofll. — __ 


Norwich City 

— —2 

Brown conceded 

By Peter RaH 

Poor Norwich. Sandbagged at 
W imble don the previous week, 
they were cut to ribbons by 
LiverpooTs rapier thrusts on 
Saturday, their autumnal dalli- 
ance at the top of the table ended 
as Liverpool announced dm* 
with tire onset of winter, the 
serious busness is beguming. 

“I wouldn’t have thought 
anybody coukl have stopped 
them tire way they played today. 
Even I ef' r — " 
a rueful 

With Dalglish proclaiming ft 
Liverpool’s best p erfo rm ance in 
his tune at the dub, a staggering 
testimony in itself, there will be 
few to argue. Only Everton, with 
tiieir foil complement, and then 
only possibly, could bave lived 
with Liverpool in that mood. 

Norwich certainty could not. 
They could only watch admir- 
ingly with the rest of us as the 
red shirts brought a carnival 
atmosphere to a bright winter 
afternoon with tire pace, power 
and inventiveness of their flow- 

is a kn of nonsense 
talked about En glish football 

valuing hard work to tire detri- 
ment of flair. Liverpool prove 
that the pair co-exist, as Brown 
pointed out. “They have a lot of 
stars,” be reflected. “But they 
work so hard for one. another, 
and they give yon nothing." 

Norwich certainly were never 
allowed to settle for a moment, 
but the memory that will linger 
will be of Liverpool's attacks. 
Prom L a wrenson at right-back, 
levelling in tire opportunity 
offered to launch a series of 
searing raids, through the 
controlling genius of Motby in 
midfield, ably assisted by the 
searching runs of McMahon, 
Whelan, and NicoL to the lethal 
finishing of Walsh and Rush, 
Liverpool's fbotballgiistened. 

Rush's two goals took his total 
to an incredible 19 in as many 
games this season, bat for once; 
be was surpassed by his partner 
Walsh, emerging as the hero of 
the hour with three to mark his 
first home League appearance 
since F eb rua ry, and only his 
fifth in all since tires. 

From his first goal and 
LiverpooTs second, as he re- 
ceived MolbyT long ball, turned 
inside tire bemnsed Qfiver- 
bouse, and placed Jus shot 
beyond Bcnstead, he was k- 

resistibfe. His touch, speecLand 
mtisrveness 'gave Bruce and 
Stunt miserable afternoons as 
he daaned two. more ' himself 
and set np Riisfa for his brace; 

“It is like having" a 
player.” said Dalglish, whose 
preference for Walsh meant that 
he bad had to waft until Nkd 
limped off to make a belated 
500th appearance for the dub. 
By then, .even Gillespie and 
Hansen were coming up to join 
in the fun, and the cnewas cast, 
as indeed ft had been from the 
moment N5col best Norwich's 
naive offside trap to collect 
Molby’s pass . and beat tire 
defenceless Benstead. 

Then and later^. Norwich did 
not help themselves. Their two 
goals in the dc 
scored by Phelan and 
after DnnkeU hud made' de- 
cisive contributions, at least 
enabled them to leave Anfidd 
with a modicum of seffrespeeft 
however, and few. teams wm be I 
able to do more when Liverpool 
are in full stride. 

LIVERPOOL- B Grabbetaan G GSospto. 
J Begin. MLmwanson. R Whelan, A 
Henan. P Watsta. S Nicot (sub K DaUbW. 
t fiuab, J Motor, S McMahon. 

NORWICH: G Genstaad; t CatowhooM. A 
Spa*inB,.S Brace, M rtntan, S ESott, l 
Creek (sub T Putney*. K orintek D 
Hodgson. RMendhnt, 

: J E Bray. 

ie supporters call time 

By Simon Jowes 

Ctmteon „ . r 




The dock at Stamford Bridge 
now stops about 10 minutes 
from time. According to a dub 
representa tive , this is so tire 
pressure mi tire struggling home 
side is not increased by knowing 
exactly how few minutes 

Only in one sense, however, 
does tone stand still for Cbdsea. 
Every game is tire same: an 
eternal recurrence of nervous- 
ness. The pattern of tins one was 
no different. Watford, driven on 
by wind and rain, should have 
established an ovewfadnring 
advantage by halftime, but tack 
of penetration down the flanks 
— a" unusual foiling for ^ rnH»m 
Taylor’s side - meant that the 
Chdsea defence were mercifufly 
left to (teal with a surprisingly 
predictable series of assaults co 
their penalty area. 

Watford hope to co m ple t e the 
Gibson, from 
United, either to- 

day or tomorrow, and he shook! 
improve their attack, providing 
an effective fofl to the bnstiing 
Faico. One consequence of his 
signing would be that Barnes 
could revert to tire, left-wing 
where he is at his most potent. 
Sinnott was certainly unequal to 
the dema n d s of that position on 

Chelsea, although much un- 
proved after the interval, did 
not team from their adversaries* 
mistakes . McLefland and Sims 
(who was p re ferred to Terry) 
were even more solid than 
McLaughlin and Wicks had 
been when defending tire Sired 
end in the first half 

Nevin, though, was exempt 
from tire general selfdoubt, as 
anxiouato receive the ball as his 
colleagues to get rid of it 
Bt imstrad may not have had 
anything Hke his range of ideas, 
but he, too, worked tirelessly 
and came the dosest-to scoring 
with a. header from McAllister’s, 
cross which tire Watford goal- 
keeper. Co ton, did wefl to t™ - 
over tire crossbar. Such decisive 

thrusts were, however; unusual, 
and C hd se a could accurately 
gauge tire approach of the foial 
whistle by toe number of people 
heading for the .exits. Only the 
Chelsea pensioner presented a 
united, front, their sombre ranks 
u nbl e mi shed by an empty seat. 

Afterwards, the Chelsea man- 
ager, John Hollins, .was as 
as. ever, though 
pointedly brief. The stamp of « 
man is dearest in adversity, and 
it should be said that Hollins has 
handled all tire criticism — and has been 

forjjearance. His patience^ 
dieer faiiyM, and deter minat ion 
deserve to be rewarded. Yet 
time is nmnii^outaiid for him, 
cure suspects, no one will stop 
tire dock. 

A Godctec 

Dubia S WUs, J. 

Oumstoad. P Mow n. K Janas. X 

Azzurs gave a 
mild shock to 
the British team 
aboard White 
. Crusader. De- 
spite losing tire 
start Harold Cudmore was 
nearly two mhuaes in front at 
tire top mask. At the fust 
leeward that had dwindled to 
just 13 seconds and from then 
on Cudmore coukl not increase 
tire lead significantly. 

Back on dry land Cudmore 
ascribed the problem to tack, of 
ultra fight-air sails on board. 
“We were a bit caught out by tire 
we a t h er," he said. “We didn't 
have the lightest genoa and 
spinnaker and when a dr opped 
to seven knots they almost 
passed us." 

On tire second beat, into a 
NW breeze that feded fo four 
knots and took almost an hour 
to Cudmore stretched tire 
' i to 22 seconds but on the 
j of the reach the Italians 
chipped h back by two seconds. 
At the bottom mark it was 29 
seconds. Thereafter, probably in 
consequence of tire freshening 
breeze, White Crusader length- 
ened her stride. The third beat 
her an extra narrate and the 
margin was double thaL 
However, the race to be 
savoured and picked over on the 
first day of tire Louis Vuitton 
Qq>, second round robin, was 
Dennis Conner versus Tom 
BbckaHer. The big America’s 
Cup grudge m atc h , set the 
course alight. This time the 
honours went to Bteckadler. in a 
race fan <jf teh una nsh i p 
and subtle reading of tricky 

Later, BlackaDer gave tire 
credit to his yacht. “This boat is 
loiolring s tronger arid - stronger" 
be said exuberantly. “It's doing 
things Pve never seen a boat do 
before. It has huge bursts of 
speed, almost like a Flying 
Dutchman. 12-metres don't 
usually do thaL" 

Blackaller confirmed that 
USA has no winged keeL “AO 
the other boats here look like 
copies, of- Australia n to me. 
They don't look revolutionary 
concepts and we are.^ 

This victory for Blackaller 
confirms tire views of those who 
had seen the wildly extrovert 
Californian and his equally up- 
front boat as a growing force and 
one not to be underestimated in. 
the weeks ahead. The previous 
opinion that a fourth place in 
the semi-finals is up for grabs, 
very possibly by Britain, may 
need reassessment. Blackafler 
increasingly looks a nap. 

Nnr Ztetaxt (New Zealand! 4hr 13n*i 
oLA™riqa(US).bj • 

ISsac IK Heart; 


America If (US* 4.-1723 JX Eagto (US) ty 

Whte Ouaadar «1fti6 fat 

UiLA. (US). 4:1829 fat Sara and Sttpos 

4:1838 tt Ch a tenge France 

(AWM), 448:15 bt Canada li 

(Ftancvt by &4S. 
Fmndi KHaH 

by 215. 



Heart of America 

Azzura -v Canada D; French tOaa v 
America B: Heart of America V Chafiange 
Franca; WMa Crusader v ltalo; Stars & 
SMpes v Now Zealand; Eagle v USA. 

Bostron, K 

kK-jS 9 - 1 - 

k jaosBQ, J Barnes. . 
iMBode ntwn i 

Court; D Bardstoy. w 




First (tension 
Aston ma 2 
Chariton 0 

Ctwtoea 0 

Liverpool 6 Norwich cay 

Laton Town 1 OPR 
MancbestorUtd 1 
Newcastle Utd 0 Oxford I 
Nottngtan For 3 
‘ " 1 Manchester Cfly 

Tftird tfivisaon 

Fourth tfivisiQR 


Oc ta n e 


HotBnghGmFbr 13 8 2 3 30 (5 28 

Scottish premier tflvraion 

1 Ranpare 

0 Aberdeen 

1 Chrdefannk 
- 1 W baatei 


West Ham UU 
Norwich City 
Luton Town 

St tafietoWed 
Oxford United 
Aston Vto 

13 7 3 3 16 
13 7 2 4 30 
13 6 4 3 24 
13 a 4 3 21 
13 6 3 4 20 
13 5 5 3 13 
13 5 5 3 13 
13 5 4 4 13 
13 6 1 6 16 
13 4 8 3 25 
13 5 2 6 26 27 
13 S 2 6 13 15 

8 24 
18 23 
22 22 
20 22 
15 21 

9 20 
10 20 
12 18 
17 19 
21 18 


Wist Brom 

Sheffield Utd 
C Pataca 

13 5 2 8 IS 19 17 
13 4 5 4 12 21 17 
13 5 1 7 19 28 16 

13 « 3 6 19 18 15 

Laoeste rOty 13 4 3 6 16 19 15 

MandwsterUU 13 3 4 6 18 18 13 

Chefaea 13 3 4 6 14 23 13 

Manchester Oty 13 1 6 6 10 15 9 

Newcastle Utd 13 2 3 8 9 22 9 

FA TROPHY: Second quefifytng rant 
Grantham 2. Moor Green 1; Stourbridge 0. 
Mhaton 2: Ashford 2. Chatham 1; 
Bonham Wood 1 . Stamnsga 1 : BtacteaB 
2. Basingstoke 4 : Canterbury 1. 
Soirihwtek 0: Cheshem 0. St Atoms i 
Oover i. le e twrtie e d 2; Hampton 1. 
Httctwi 2; KfcnNonran a Wembley 4; 
Oxford C 1. Cambridge 1- Staines 1. 
Bromley 1: Tooting ana M i. Ksndon 0; 
WnJton ana H i.mam - — 


i 3 

r 2 

P W D 



A Pts 


7 5 






7 4 






7 3 






6 5 






6 4 3 





6 3 






6 3 






5 5 






4 6 






6 0 






4 b 






4 S 






5 2 






4 3 






4 3 






4 2 






3 b 






4 1 






3 3 






3 2 






2 5 






3 2 






O teng h ran 



NOBS County 


Doncaster fl 
York Cby 
Bristol City 
Wtoan ' 

Bristol H 
Bolton W 
Port VeJe 

Wfltoey 0. 
mag Parte 

2: Tauntro 0. teata npirtl to T: Ton 
Pence 1. Dorchester 1; Trowbridge 3. 
Btoetordt; Maidenh ea d U» 4. Mtagham 


trincham 2, Btaner 0; Boston Z R un c orn 
ft Chetennara 2. EnMd ft Friddey a 
Kidderminster 1: Maidstone 2, Stated 3: 
Nonhwicn 2. Weektotone i; Nuneaton 1. 
Gateshead 1; Scarboroudi 1. Kettering ft 
Sutton 7. Bath ft Wrong 1. Teton! 3; 
Weymouth 3. Dagenham g 

ft Yeorf 2. Hayes 
i v Walthamstow. 
VautfaB Motors 3. 
Cheshunt 1. Second dfariatoo Matte 
Souths* a Hodmen Henm i. 
MULTIPART LEAG UE : Bangor Oty ft 
Burnn 1; Ctai e rta 4, Chador ft 
Gahsfaottatai 1. Mwerambe ft Hyde a 
Southport Tt Mattock ft Barov ft 
Oswerty ft Buxton 4; fttwt 1. Macdaa- 
fMd 1 Worldrxjtar 1, Wttor 1. 

rtatae Bagg age ft Plymouth Atgyfa ft 
Btotol Manor Famtft Torrineton ft^ Bristol 
Oty 3. Paefah ft O&Mrtam \ 
Qgr e dan 3: Lbtaeid AtfiftFtame 1; 
jtehgob fil d 6. Prtuhon Flowers 3; 
Ratetpcfc ft CJantami 1; Mkwtwad 4, 
Chao i 

Chataetad 1. long's Lynn ft Corby 2, 
Etofoggq ye.3: Cra ertey 1. Wteattne 2; 
Ftsher ft D o dworthl; Gosport ft wpreee- 
tej • Bedtftoh 2. Dar^ygft WBanheC 3, 
Seaaxjn^O. WBctan d tatatov Banbury 1. 
Sutton % Bndgnorth ft Fbshden 1; 
Cwenby Sporting 1. Mia Oak ft Forest 
Green raters 3, Btaton 1; Merthyr Tydfil 
3. Wettntf xmrghl. SHtaiii Mn 

f ffit Smt&ss&gA 

3. DimaMe 0 : Tonbridge 4. Eriffi and B 1. 
V jrgjnra W taar ft Frintay Groan ft 

CnOOfkdfTT 3. 

rfl wtai o n. Watford 3, Portemoudi ft Cem- 
briton 0. htaweB 1: Nonmch 3, Southend 
ft OPR ft Futam 1. Second dhtatac 
Bristol R 1. Oxford 1. Cotchtatar 6. 
D rend a oZDouniemomhA.SotChandO. 
Cap: Arsenal 4, Tanartoani ft Chatsea ft 
Wintaedon ft Chariton ft Crystal Palace 
ft Gflnghamft toewr ch d; Northampton 1. 
Luton 6. Beading 0. SouthempCon 5; 
Swindon 0. Brtyaon & West Ttara 5, 
Orient ft 

LEAGUE: Hal dhtatarc Bmcougb 0, 
A c c rin gto n Stanley 1; CBharoe 0. iCrtiby 
ft Eastwood Henley ft St H el ens ^ 
UytaxJ Motors 0, Hoa e ndaie ft 
Nederfleto ft wtnetad 1: Pernttn 3. Leek 
ft Stafcfartdge Celtic 1. Ftaaterood ft 
Ctvzon Ashton ft Mam 2. 

Torfon gton 1. 

tEAClfe | BowBr» 1, 

wDodfttenwfoteteft&Mltan ft East 
Thurrock a Burnham 4; Eton Mancy 1, 
Maidor 1: Ford D. Chelmsford ft Purteei 

4. Kelstoad 1. P oe lpo rwd: Stanstod v 

PW D L F A Pts 
14 8 4 2 28 14 28 

12 8 3 1 16 5 27 

13 8 3 2 21 14 27 

13 7 4 2 Z7 13 25 

14 7 4 3 26 15 25 

13 7 3 3 24 19 24 
12 5 6 1 16 11 21 

14 B 2 6 21 19 20 
14 6 2 6 19 » 20 

12 5 4 3 20 11 19 
14 6 0 8 26 28 18 
14 4 5 5 19 22 17 
1* 5 2 7 21 29 17 

13 4 4 5 16 18 16 

14 4 4 8 13 20 16 
14 4 3 7 21 23 15 
M 3 5 6 22 24 14 
13 f 2 7 17 22 14 

12 3 4 5 21 23 13 
M 3 * 7 17 a 18 
18 3 4 8 23 29 13 

13 3 4 6 15 23 13 

13 1 9 3 12 17 12 

14 2 3 9 10 28 9 

rteriiniieul f re-faJ -4 

mor orano: uhiimhj o o w t, 


Colney 4, Leeerstodc Green 1; Pottora Bar 
Crusaders 1, SendrWge Rovers S: Roftv 
Royce ft L ee w w dan Hospital ft Sun 
Sports ft St t ngw a te yz 


Wetayri Center C8y 4. U oddeedonl. 

sCranSeldO. 01 FC Luton 
3: Eaton Bray ft VHnskn* 7: Knebemrth 0. 

! »y 



PW D L F A Pts 
U11 2 1 38 21 35 
14 8 3 3 25 16 27 
U 7 4 3 26 19 25 
13 7 3 3 24 13 24 

13 7 3 3 21 17 24 

14 5 8 1 19 8 23 
12 6 4 2 26 15 22 
14 5 5 4 17 20.20 
14 4 7 3 25 IS 1* 
14 6 4 5 19 19 19 

Wdtverhsmpton 14 6 1 7 16 16 19 

Ortei IS B 1 6 18 19 19 

Aktashot 15 5 3 7 22 22 18 

Scurthorpe 13 4 4 5 19 18 16 

CardW 13 3 7 3 14 17 IB 

14 4 4 6 15 19 16 

14 4 4.6 13 20 16 

_ Uto 13 3 8 4 21 22 15 

Pwarborouflb 14 3 4 7 16 19 13 

Rochdale 12 2 6.4 11 16 12 

Torquay 14. 2 6 C 15 26. 12 

HaHsx 14 3 3 8 13 2* 12 

Hartlepool 14 1 7 6 15 24 10 

Stockport 13 1 3 9 5 27 6 


1S11 Z 1 36 
1610 5 1 30 

15 9 3 3 26 

16 7 6 3 19 

15 7 5 3 25 .. 
16-8 2 6 19 IS 

16 5 5 6 13 15 

A P» 
8 25 

11 25 
10 21 

12 20 

M i* 


16 3 5 8 13 23 11 
16 2 7 7 15 27 11 
16 3 5 8 16 34 11 
16 4 210 IT 28 10 
15 0 213 8 34 2 

Scottish firatdhnskxi 

MtaCte ‘ 3 Dumbarton i 
1 KMs ta rpo cfc o 

? 2f«. J 

Qnnanofsai 2 Fortarfoh 1 * ? 

Lalgtaon 3; Longford a PHan 1; Hmm 

Ashford ft Frinton Rows ft Bstostwc Lae 
4. Wtttar end Diet ft Okton F mxl Sc ft 
Monooype Sports ft Fleet ft Pyrtard 4i 
London Fire Brigade. 4. Bedtont 1; 
SphnoMd Hoepital -1. T otworBi ft Sur- 
boonl. Worcester ft 
Pr — ti e r d h r letai: Abingdon Town ft Tate 
1: re lrtbrd 0, Sh^mnss ft Mown I. 
H o u ns tim r ZRqnes Una 0. Bicester ft 
ttame 1, Attingdon 4: WaBngfonJ ft 
Morris Motors ft Wantage 1. Shortnood 
3. Fbst dMataB Avon Bradford 1, 
Atinondsbury -85 ft Cartsrton t . Chakon- 
ham ft Chipping Norton ft Cl a nlU ld 4; 
HazeUs ft OSco* ft KMIogton ft 
Lambownn Sports ft Ktotaay RiigateA. 




EastFHe . 

Queen of SUi 


Farter ‘ 




Brechin * 


Keynes Bore 1: Shafted* & 

ShBhgtai 1. n^dfcWgm MK Unfed ft 

D e ct ro Am ft Du drhiflhBm ...... 

and hringhoa 4, Ashcraft Coop ft 

Chariton 1: n eata w 1, O wtodon ft 
Watford 4. cnebee ftPoafoonad: Ports' 
mouth v Oxford Utd (pttcti waterlogged). 

Maradona assists 

Cairo (AFP) — Diego 
Maradona, of Argentina, mO 
earn £12,500 for playing a match 

in aid of the Egyptian 
journalists* union here on 
December I. The match win 
oppose Cairo giants National SC 
and Zamaldc. with Maradona 
playing 45 utinotes fir each 



1811 4 3 27 13 28 
1811 1 6 32 22 23 
18 8 4 6 35 26 20 
18 8 a 4 30 27 20 
IB 8 7 5 26 28 19 

17 7 4 6 21 20 18 

18 6 8 6 30 31 78 
18 6 4 8 28 23 16 
18 5 6 7 2T 23 18 

17 3 B 6 18 22 14 

18 5 310 21 36 13 
18 3.5.10 16 31 11 

Scottish second dhrWon 

AMw Ita r w 2 


SmtahnsfoM 2 AyrIWtad 


LEAGUE: Premier Staton: AmptaB ft 
Wootton fc Arte su y 6, n oi h sreti ft 
BracMey ft Staord 1; Desfaotough ft 
SaKfock ft evnestuy 4. Bourne 0: 
H nEinrh ft StttfoM 1: Kempston 1, 
Pohonft Long Bucfcby ft Send L Corby ft 
North ae taon Spaaoer 5, St Nears V. 
Re tards ftSpSdta; ft 
Sussex oSinUr sewor cup: m 

round: Horsham VINCA ft Easibowne 
Town ft Ftan Ma n ds VBiige 1. Nu taur ii e i i 
ft Hassocks 4, Basham ft Seeford ft 
Betas ft SMeyl.Eest teh— d ft raw 
rihWnw: Burgess HB 1. teecelwen and 
T ft Hatistnm i. CMchestar Oty 1: 
H eyw a r ds Heath ft Utoshampun 2; 
Lwdng ft Arundet 4{ (tedWd ft Mlek ft 
Shorahton i. Three Bruges ft WSafanta 
*. Mhflusc and Eesebotane 0. 
HAMPSNteE sawn cop: mt roumt 
Bnoctenhwa t ft fto wra fild 5 . 

Lowestoft 0. BtOty 1; TTwBord I.Stfwm 
2. League Cap: Second round: 
Fobotowa 1. March 4; G YsrmouTh ft 
Garataion 0; Hsvrtcfc and P OCoicneitor 
1; ao w as te t ft Uptm 1; Sudbury 7. 
www ft Wisbech SMDw 1. 

cowmra Scottish second divisioii 



Siirtng Ato 
AttjionR . 
Ayr United 
Snt Johnstone 
Queen's Ptrit 

E Stirfing. 
- Arbroath 

PW D l F A Pts 
1310 2 1 24 IB 22 
13 7 6 O 30 13 20 
13 8 2 ft 22 7 18 
13 7 3 3 13 6 17 
? ! 4 23 21 17 
13 7 2 4 18 18 18 

13 4 8 3 18 12 14 

13 5 2 6 17 17 12 

j? 5 ® 4 18 33 12 

13 3 5 5 17 18 11 

« 2 3 8 12 21 7 

13 1 4 8 14 25 8 

13 1 4 8 10 21 I 

13 1 210 10 S 4 

jR gH LEAGU E Aids 0. Larne 

f&EL t* 0 ; ZVffpLK BORDER 
g rmtiiagt ft 

USi | 


division is 
wide open 

Berkshire 1 

Buckinghamshae 1 

By Sydney Frisian 

Buckinghamshire, who last 
won the county championship 
m'1982, were held to a draw by 
Berkshire in .tire southern di- 
vision of tire competition at 
Ma id enhead yesterday. The re- 
sult means each side now has 
three points ' leaving the issue 
Mill open in a group where 
Sussex and Oxfordshire are the 
two remaining sides in 

^Bedcsfaire matched tire kiad in 
the ninth minute with a weD- 
taken goal by Boddingtodfiom 
SL , c ? n P' e by Osbourne. 
Bucking h a mshi re responded by 
taking charge and holding play 
m tbor own area for long spells. 

Most Of the B lirtrnyhaitahim 

amcks were kd by &gi Flora 
whose attempt to score in- the 
17th minute called for a body- 
save by Amps. There was a case 
for a penalty stroke, but the 
umpire awarded a short comer 
which Buckinghamshire 

More pressure on the Berk- 
shire goal bronght Boc ld n gh a m - 
shire a penalty stroke in the 29th 
minute when Kali Saini’s stick 
was h eld down by Dsvey, lmtiaz 
scoring from the spot to level the 
score. ... 

Shortly before the interval 
"“kaure broke away to force 
two short corners but by the end 
of tire first half Bnckmgham- 
sh ^ e .had squandered six 

Berktiure began the second 
nali with a spirited attack whitdi 
®nded whh Boddfngton putting 
a ahot over the bar, and they 
round no profit from two short 
comers which followed. 



_ -ji—EABudd 

ww D Ftemsby {South- 



• As an examine of domestic . 
rapprochement, this week’s Mavis 
oa Four story about the British- 
bom father and son who stretched 
out their bands across the United 
States, (Channel 4, 4.00), takes the 
biscuit. Don’t let us be over- ' 
cynical about the feet that there 
was a commercial end-product— a 
book- Anything that leads to 
harmony m one family must be 
good for society as a whole, 
particularly when the reconcili- 
ation is aired as sympathetically as 
jt is m front of Mavis. Nicholson, 
one of the best listeners, and 
certainly one of the most consid- 
erate nudgers-along, on the tele- 
vision screen. 

The extraordinary feature of the 
new understanding forged be- 
tween Adam Nicholson and his 
.father — Nigel, son of the famous 
Nicholsons of Sissinghiirst — . is 

650 BraSa^ThnawtmSaffy 

saga, or, 

r CHOICE ““ 

that the hand of-NiciKdson JUs, 
while stretching across the US 
from the west coast to grasp his 
fathers on the east coast, was also 
bowling has parent some nasty 
goOgfies. Son upbraided father for 
ill-treating him in adolescence, 
pairing hjm fed cut-ofE Father 

Tmairnig him fed cut-off Father . 
replied by recalling hours of 
friendliness. Son respond ed by 
-saying he did not remember them. 
And so oi^and so on. The letters 
that winged between the Nichd- 
sons are now preserved in the 
book Two Roads to Dodge City. 
Sensibly, the third Nicholson — 
Mavis; no rdatkni — is less 

concerned with the book than with 
.die new, apparently warm, 
relationship established between 
its highly articulate co-aufoort. 

• Another batch of welcome re- 

showings tonight as part of MC 
Television’s 50th birthday 
edebratioos. Es PF d ? y T ^ cl ^5 
are Jeremy SandfonFs play about 
i 'vagrant, Edna the Inebriate. 
Woman JBBC2, 9.35) in wuh 

Pairicm Bayes eraoyedhffOT^ 

ham; some pages from Dr™*TJ 
Casebook (BBC2, 630pm), still 
the cosiest, wisest, and most 
nAwiM series ever 

md the first offive special 
edStxons of the arts magazine Lite 
Nitkt (lMSml vteh 

• received the chop in 1 972 afte r an 
eight-year nm that stirred up 
many fascinating controversies. 
Dropmng the programme am no 
^odatnD to BBC2’s hard-won 
reputation as a channel for foe 
more dissenting viewer. F eihaps 
its todniergence wiD be the signal 
for the it*"*” at Tdevmon 
Centre to reafire drat wba 
Kaleidoscape csa do on Radio 

Mkftomore. Weather at 655, 
735, 755, 835 and 855; 
regional news, weather, and 
traffic at 657, 737, 757 and 
837; national and international 
news at7JD0, 7 JO, 850. 830 
and 9.00. , 

955 Ankitrt Ciackant A 40 .... 
Minutes programme m which 
Lucinda Canwon exaarrwws 

Anfenatad adventure series 
• 445B— t toa T— dy. Paul - 

jona* pnwents ttaftrthaat of 
the Champion of Champions 

son John Cr a v e n's H a wir ocn rt . 

UMPfrtar. Peter Duncan 

demonstrates how to buBd a 

IS Slyftm WJJg 

- it tn MHnu umtnr names 

BBC2 can do just as well and - 
with pictures - pohaps era 
better. . Four of foe original 
presenters of Xfl» ****!£ 
Joan Bakewefi, Denis Tuoby, 
Michael Dean and Tony Biftaw, 
will Mam up again for tonight s 
celebratory occasion. 

• Best on radio: a compilation of 
Soviet Radio recordings made by 
the doyenne of Soviet pianists, 
Tatiana Nikolaeva (Radio .3, 
11.00pm) who beghB ^JBntisb 
tour next week. Bach, Schumann 

and, inevitably, Ly»dw make up 

the programme. Also recom- 
mended: the Stamitz Quartet re- 
cital live from tito Moanteum, 
Salzburg, (Radio 3> 7- 30 »nd 8.35). 
Works by Mozart, Hehnut Eder, 
and Dvorak. Tt# enamble were 
selected at an EBU concert m the 
city in September. 

Peter Davalle 


STS£®S£2r rs 

Staff reunion: Fawlty Towers is back m»BBC2, at MWpm 

nbton examines 
and superb 

iat by Britain’s 
rs for their pets- (0 

children's television news, and 

- «■ — 41 A 'HI Mm 

535 MntartMBik 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 

Nicholas WltcheS. Weather. 

835 London Plus. 

. latest WurialinapuHte; Gene 
Howard. Mustew provided by 
Germaine Stewart 
7.35 Ufa oo Earth. Manv^we 
David Attenborough's subjects 

■ ■- » iiMii 4hi> imVinHTMflA 

msawqr n.wrin- — - -- 

series aboirta yorngteraam 

1132How to enjoy reading a 


lectures 2.15 How woodlands 

were managed in the past 

235 gignEitlra. Arapea tof 

UesKBl niiB Iiwwn ,— — - 

1055 RvwtoBevwft-JoannaLumJey 
Percy Thrower and Geoff 

Hamilton recall early days of 

BBC gardening programme 

1130 Open wr- Viewers comment 
on yestBTOay’s teteVtaon 

wsi2S &^ : . \ 

favowto television memories . 

1235 Regional news and . 
weather. ' ' 

150 News with Martyn Lewis. 



Scott attends theS^m S«c 

fashion show; and Jeff Banks 
sees the 'in' country weor at a 
Herefordshire agricultural 

230 The Ouerfn line. Wh«the_ 
crew of the Charlotte Rhodes 

is struck down wWi fever Anne 
- Onedin has to navigate M&20 
VatoriaL American domestic _ 
comedy series. : 

350 Pte to foe Star: For drew 



for the hearing 


about SR amorous painter and 
decorator, tonight trying to 
come to grips win a spons- 
madfen&sLfCeatod. • 

*” SSS^.S3S^" d 

330 gsodlSs^^ichard Lindldy 
reports that scientists wa 


to a sexuafly tran w n g sd 

(fisease, passed from men to 

. women, and bad e . 

10.10 Ffce The Money Mows 

fi 97BI starririaTerence 

i Kingaorn 



bane of wits betweenthe 

wind of the 
asd bv Bruce 

DtntRMWU. . ^ 

Mysterious CitiMofGoid. 


WT" ■» 

. >. ■■*!■*% ■ tJ<1 

: . 

i IK . ’ 

.*■ •• taiampiorratsp. 
ia.t)i wsa ai a f : j ■ 

yv, ■ 

he GuSd Hall. 


are David Rhys Jodm and 
jimmy Davidson (a* 3^5 
regional news ana weather) 


dress manufacturers < 

shown in Apr9 1962. 

630 Dr Finlay's Casebook*. Dre 

Cameron, Snoddto and FWay 

ve unhappy about the 
condttior of a man whoa 
admitted to hospitai with food 

Barbara Mulen. (shown n 
June 19641 

730 TheMIceyarwood Cbristanas 
Show 1078 with guests Abba 
and Janet Brown. 

655 Horizore The Crab Nebula. . 
The fSadnating story , cieverty 
atustratsd. of foe supernova. 

• Crab Nebula, (shown in 
November 1971) . — . 

S50Fawtiy Towers. Bas8pank» 

whenoneofhteaies tedte s 
and he has to hK» the fact • 

story of The Man Who Needed 

l^ 30 ^^^S5e L Sf 19 

haters demonstrate and 
explain about toeir woriUri 
150 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames r»w- 
130 Fire Golden Salamander* 

(1950) starring Trevor Howard 
and Anouk Oater to add 
AimeeV Anarchaaolpgttt 
working m Nortti Afnca 
becomes invqlve djn mum ar 

aixl gun-running. Directed by 

335 ThamesnwteheaifinBS 330 

tales for the young AlOThe 


Unhera*. 4.45 Henry's Log. 

Drama serial- 


(LOO Thames news. 

635 HekriViv Taylor Gee with news 

needed for me Lewisham 
Academy of Music. 

bJwing sodety executive, a 
research scientist, and an 

... jhe brain teMbgpn . 

7J ,gS«^ 

850 Executive Stresa. The tost 

minutes of test week s episode 
wOl be shown at the start of 
this evening's edition of the 
comedy series starring 
Penelope Keith and Geoffrey 


830 World te Action^ 

investigative report chi a topical 


950 Paracfise PostpwiedL Msode 
MP f or Hartcombe and it is not 
long before hate invited tti^ 

become a Parliamentary Under 

Secretary in Mr Heath s 

government and Aotm, 

Henry. (Oracie) 

1050 News alTen. Weather 
foBowed by Thames news 
heaeffines. . 

1M0 SSSpA 


matches. j , 

11.15 The New Avwigws. ^«dand 

Pwdey investigate a big bank 


hardecadeof success with the 


1250 MgMTboughte 



fechard Keys. News wtfi 


financial news « 6^; 

exercises at 65S and 9-17. ^ 

cartoon at73S; pop mustoat 
755; and JbmfwGreaves 
talevisJon toraghts at 


230 The Late Late Show. Gay 

Byrne's kjng-ronrang music 

Catholic and Protestant 
workers are coping with^^ 

intimidation from each otners 
extr e mists. 

450 MavteonAMavisNlchcteon 
meets Nigel Nicolsqn and hts 

son, Adam, at their famBy 
home. Sissinghuret (see 

430 Countdown. The retgnmg ^ 


550 Grampian ShewdflnTiWs- 
Ttes fourth round of ti» 
Grampian Television Trophy 
trials to tor women handlers. 
530 Stents, Please* A condensed 

530 !S(M*j sjgsff 

last f8m. The Son of the Sheet, 
made in 1926. 




gSctocow ivg. 

offset Who pnn^^W^^ 
630 Write On. Ruth Pitt presents 


750 Commattftwnthecfc^or 

general of the | nsteute ot 
MarketHig.Tony McBumle. 

850 BrookMcteBSyCorichBl 

decides to takea^days^f 

work and Is retoungal 5one 

when his boss arrives to find 

ssssrassss « 


; ' . . * 1 ; %i 

'vi 1 


•/> A 

wWittie h^iof ttio bumbling 

035 Eiteaffte Inebriate WbteaUjby 

• • vagrant who aleeparou^i, ■ 
then m a down-and-outs 
hostel atod^ngiwt^a^ 

. psychiatric hospftaL and ottwr 

temporary Iwia 

: SS&XgSfe 
Bs&ssgg L, 

Patricia Nye. (shown in August 

^revlew of contemporary »ls 
• series that was tori seen m 
. 1972. With four of the original 
• Dresentare-JoteBakewwL 

The After Nine guests tortude 
Mis Bosafind Runci e, and 
d^dcare expert Penelope 





and Tony 
1230 Weather. 

Tuohy. Michael Dean, 
ony Bubow. 

which Doreen waHm in arri^ 
mdcesmattws worse by losing 

8 ?n Ou»w^aMMn.Coriie^ 
series starring Simon Csflow 

as Tom Chance, one of rites 

waHang disasters, and Brenda 

Blelhyn as hte tor^ajttanrjfl 
artfriend, ABson. Tonight,^ 
are awited to spend a weakand 
wtth relatives of^ Tom s. 

tgaasgsa assss tu. 



xaestsaSsssi m ,m : 

BQBDER ^JgafflSffaPou- 

«nt}-7J» T«ta« th» WqH Hp«d1fl30B on,Br . 


• 955 4MtnuteteLAi^Bw»l"W®» SSSK^iSSoD^vi^kwTte 

iojoo SiSS^»t*fc>rTmttu ssKiS^safsaa; 

TSeGrw* CM War Men Iran 


HanHTKHKl. »rimg hMd ofthe sw5Tf« ww» t2i» POKcrkit 

l- i7>+ ' / ■*> 

S^odeofPtate IlsePfWtporieil: ITV 9J)0po 

, i I. m ill I I i II II aa I J -iV u -- 

Hammc^ai^WhM^ 1 * 16 



questioned by a panel of 

1150 The Ele ven th Houn Stranger 
Than Mon. £ dpoimentery 
about the work of Mass 
Observation, a aen> 
professtonal groupof rociat 
Sctentlsts and artists who. 
from ihe Thi rties o rwaids, 

■ SSssr 16 


Sw5Tf« Wwrth 12J0O RoKCfW. 


North Too^it 1030 F8nt . 

wSi^HIBE W^SlSHra. 

655 Weather. 750 Itews 
755 Concert CPE Bach 





V ; • 

r ' T" 

- : 

There’s one tlunga speEM; - \ 

^ guarantees. Plenty ofmflkround- 
visits from company executives. _ 

Each and every one t ^ em ■ ■-.. 
well-paid jobslooffer •. • ■ - 

But before sighing on the 'dotted lme, .. 

foiifovexycarefallv. ' . ; 

Will the promises turn out , to be 
empty? Will the job suit your particular 

abOities and skills? : , • 

These are not the sort of questions 
vou can answer in 3 minutes. So why not - 
'take 3 years to decide your future - as . 

anAnhyOffto? ' V. 
On completion of, your training at 

Sandhuret^awTnteco"™^® 0 ®?^ 85 
d Lieutenant eaniingilw*"’' . 

Natural])' you wil] learu how^ , 


voung soldiers and “ haod ^"' 
sophisticated weapons and ' 

And ifyouare postedabroadat short 

notice .to lead soldiers ,in imfamiliar 
surroundings you’d have to cope : : 

• No wonder xhany leading industri- 
alists regard an Army Commission as . 

• the best'man^enient training a young . 
■ man or woman caxrhave. 

: - Whether you raake the Aimy your 
: long-term career or leave easier is up to 


Either way it promises not to sour 
‘ your future. Quite the opposite in fact: 
And you’ll gain unrivaBed executive 

training at ourexperise. ■ 

. So if you need a little more time to 
decide, see your Careers Staff and pick 
upanintroductfrmJorro* :V; .. • 

• , Through this we wifi arrange for a 
Liaison Officer to see you at your 

. , University,,. Polytechnic, or College of 
'.Higher Education. • ‘ - 

& A rmv Officer 

Handel Rhe cantata Tu_ 
tedei ? Tu costante? won 


• inb, with Emo 


RSO). lOO News 
655 CoficertlconW): 

(Children's Comer suite: 
Arturo Benedstt 

GrwSoopIano Chants* . 
with Thomas R^«. 

planokGerrtiwki (Cuban 

overture). 950 News 

Ik Moronay. tarrelchord). 

Bax (the motet Trite 
woridesjo te), Lfli ^rtonObe 

with the FUPOifider 

Handtey and so toate), 

Brain and Swecflsh RS O). 
Defius (On hearing toe ™st 

cuckoo in Miring). Enk 


O Mainly for Pteesure: 
recorded music 

selection, presented by 

Natalie Wrieen 

-j- ^ ;■ t- T rl; :i : ■ ; tv t::. t : ^ 

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Us Prayer tor toe Day (s) (toancetorieartest 

^Iw»Z’ lnC, RiB 7 ' 30, ESledooiranent about 

655. 756 rSriuntaJotowUtt^ 


Net a 1M6 Batecflbns IQAS Sports 

1650 Da Seram Clarinet Trift 

Faur6‘s Cello Sonata No 

2 k) G minor. Op 1 17, Ftonmt 
Schmitt’s AndarttioinC, 

1150 Trie Bear: Anton 

CheKho/s one-act fan»^^ 

BtorrtLT?^^Sl byy 

Ronald h&ngley 
.1130 Btes: Sarah France 

1155 Bruckner Bertn 

ptfnamxxBc (und er ^ _ 

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■jJS BBC tonchtime Concert: 


Fate, Morning, Atme 

gate of toe holy pla» and 

Also. Mussorgsky s Songs 
and Dances or Death 
250 Music Weekly: with 
Michael Ofivw. Indudss 
Edward Downes on remaky- 
Korsekov and operand 
Jtfm Steane on toa singers 
NtoonVaSnand ; 
Gabrieaa Rltter-dampc (r) 
255 New RecordK Roman 

630 Organ music: Margerat 


unser Heland, BWV 688 

and 665) 

7.05 Reflection^ Palrtoa 

Gafflmore , Brett Usher 

and Stephen Thome read 

Michae) Petoeram is^ 
poetry and prose anthology 

730 Satebutg Siring Ouwtets: 
ive from the timratotm- 
Part one- ^rrete otoW 
play Mozart's Quartet to 
6 fat major, K 9B9. and 
Eder's Quartet No 3, Op 

« 15 Trie BetSman Rodger 

reads tha short story by 

major. Op 106) 

930 They Died Alone: 

5^ dipping. 650 N ews Bri ^ng; 
Weather. 8.10 Famww 

Week An interview with a 

leader to toe agricunural 
Industry, followed by a five- 
day weather foreca^. 

Us Prayer tor toe Day (s) 

630 Today, Ind 630, 730, 

830 News. 645 
Bustoess News. 655, 756 
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News. 735, 835 Sport 755 
-Thought for toe Day. 

835 Trie Week on 4. 

Programme trailers. 

presented by Peter 

M3 JotoHxtonwfth 

recordings from theBBC 
Sound Archives. 857 
Weather: Travel. 

655 Staf?The Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1050 News; Money Box — A 


Experts tackle questions on 

personal finama attoe 
Sympia ExhtoWon Han. 
London (s) 

DahL Read by Raff 


1045 Daily Service (New Brery 
Momtog. page 93) (*) 

1150 News; Trava; Down 
Your Way. Brien^ 

Johnston visits Kenaworlh m 


1158 poetry Pieasel P J 

SM Tt» WWW Today. AS 

D r ottrangholm Music).. Byrd 
fPnvarin and SuKard in 

am on too Holocaust. 

1050 Jazz Today: Charles Fax 

preswits a ne w state by, _ 

John Warren, conducted by 
the composer. K is Pte 

Four and Four More. The 
Pete Saberton (piano). 
Jackson (drums). Store 
SuJwell and Henry Lowther 

1150 TetisnaJM^tt^W 
French Suite No 3 to B 


i(K5). Schum aryi . 


Bteiw^toFlWOp, n 
44, prelude In D flat Op 10 
No 1, aid Prelude m B 
minor. Op 11 N°1) 

UST News. 1250 Closedown. 

Listeners' requests. Read by 
Denys Hawthorne and 
Bosalnd Shanks. 

1250 News; You And Yours. 
Consumer Affairs. 

1237 Top Of The Form. 

Nationwide general 
knowledge contest tar 

schools. Round 2. Christ 
CoBege. Brecon, versus 

Lady Eleanor Holes 
School, Hampton, MMdtesex 


150 The WttW Atone: News 
140 The Archers. 155 
Stripping Forecast 
250 News; Women's Harr, 
includes an item on the 
respective benefits of 
household baths and 
showers. And Bruce 
Uddfngton reads Hare'S 
House, by Ruth Rendal 
350 News; The Afternoon 
. Play. Hey, Are You 
Anybody? by Don Fellows. 
Comedy about a fan dub. 
With Trevor Nichote and 
Maroaret Robertson (d 

550 pm. News Magazine. 

530 ShipptogHxecast 

535 WeSier 650 News: 
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630 Ratio Active. Trie D-O 

Show MM 

750 News 
755 Trie Archers 
730 On Your Farm 
7 j 45 Science rtow. Peter 
Evans rewews 
discoveries and 


Valerie Geotgeson.Wito 
Frances Jester. 

930 John Motion WW. 

The preposition a that 

peaw has been preserved 

by nuclear weapons. 

055 KateWoecope. Includes 
comment on toe new „ 

Ffltanl Aim Ginger and Fred 
end the fiftieth 
an niver sa ry of BBC 

10.15 A Book «Bei«riwABrt 
of a Do by David Nobbs 
(Pan 6 ofig. Read by John 
howe-iaa Weather 



1130 Today in Paritement 
1250 NflS; Weather. 1233 

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535 PMioofihnued). 1230* 
1.10am Schools. NigM- 
History 11-14: The Black 
Death (s). •. 




First priced farm 




Everton pay for 
the profligacy 
of Upton Park 


- V'-: 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

West Hqm ........... 



West Ham United won a 
thunderously exciting game, 
which was covered live on 
television at Upton Park yes- 
terday afternoon, to gain re- 
venge for their fate six months 
ago. On the closing day of last 
season, Everton won the fix- 
ture in their own home at 
Goodison Park and claimed 
the considerable consolation 
prize that is awarded to the 
runners-up in the champion- 

Had Howard Kendall been 
able to call on all of his 
internationals since August, 
his side would no doubt be 
lying in a similarly lofty 
position now. As it is. in spite 
of a debilitatingly lengthy list 
of absentees. Everton remain 
contention, five points 


behind the leaders in sixth 

Yet their capital interests 
show no signs of improving. 
They have visited six London 
dubs so far this season and 
have beaten only one of them, 
Wimbledon. Had they taken 
their opportunities yesterday 
and particularly during a 
pulsating final quarter of an 
hour, their record in the south 
would have become little 
more than an irrelevant 

West Ham took one of 
theirs, a few minutes after the 
interval to ctimb a point and 
two places above their oppo- 
nents. Had they been able to 
complete more of their 

constructive approaches with 
a precise pass, the finale would 
not have been coaled is so 
much potential danger. 

Everton’s profligacy and 
West Ham’s waywardness be- 
came the features of a match 
drat was otherwise overflow- 
ing with quality and which 
unfolded at a speed that was 
typically breathtaking. 
Domestic viewers are accus- 
tomed to seeing such a blur. 
Those on the Continent still 
find it bemusingly quick. 

From first to hist, there was 
scarcely time to pause for 
thought, hardly a moment to 
consider the options. Moves 
whistled through mid-field 
but came to nought during a 
first half that belonged 
increasingly to West Ham. Yet 
Everton might have taken the 
lead after some 20 mintites- 

Heath, released by Sharp’s 
deft flick, was denied by the 
large frame of the sprawling 
Parkes. Cot tee was sub- 
sequently thwarted by his own 
haste. Put through by God- 
dard, he rolled his effort wide 
of Southall appearing for only 
the second time since his 
comeback, and also off the far 

West Ham did not require 
him to make a genuine save 
for more than half an hour. 
When they did so, through Orr 
from beyond the confines of 
the area, Southall had no need 
to move. The shot was aimed 
directly at his stomach. Their 
next effort, from Dickens, was 
to the destiny of the 


A. comer from Devonshire 
bounced firmly off the fore- 
head of Dickens and the ball 

threaded its way through a 
narrow gap over Southall's 
fingers and under the bar. The 
combination was notably sim- 
ple. There was no possibility 
of the design breaking down 
through over-elaboration, 
misunderstanding or lack of 

The next 42 minutes be- 
came a tale of counter 
punches. Everton were on the 
ropes and Harper felled God- 
dard, an offence for which he 
was booked, as Parris drove 
ferociously at Southall and as 
AspinalTs wildly misdirected 
back pass fell into the path of 
the astounded Cottee. 

So, in turn, were West Ham 
as Heath and Sharp, with soft 
downward headers, put 
AspinaU and Wilkinson in the 
dear. Both chances were 
lofted from no more than a 
few yards over the bar. Steven, 
also freed by Heath, ran 
instantly into a collection of 
claret and blue shirts. 

West Ham ended the day 
with a final flourish, a blister- 
ing drive from Ward being 
parried by Southall. The 
entertainment, watched by 
millions at home, was wit- 
nessed by a meagre crowd of 
19,054, the lowest of the 
season at Upton Park. The 
fund, set up to compensate 
dubs for a fell in attendance 
for televised matches, is al- 
ready in danger of running 

■rn ■ 


Injury list means a major 
revamp for England squad 

By Stuart Jc 

On the eve or announcing 
the England squad for the 
European Championship 
qualifying tie against Yugo- 
slavia next week, Bobby Rob- 
son has discovered that he 
must again look for a sub- 
stitute for his captain. BTyan 
Robson, who strained a ham- 
string on Saturday, estimates 
that he will be out of action for 
three weeks. 

England's manager, who 
was in Rome over the week- 
end after watching the Yugo- 
slavs last week, also learned 
that another of his party 
members is likely to be miss- 
ing for even longer. Stevens of 
Tottenham Hotspur could be 
ruled out of theaway fixtures 
against Yugoslavia and Tur- 
key next April. 

Stevens, a versatile defend- 
er, has broken and dislocated a 
shoulder, an affliction that is 
all too reminiscent of Bryan 
Robson's recent troubles. 

As he emerged from a 
catalogue of assorted serious 
ailments and setbacks, 
England’s manager prayed 
that his most influential 

player “might now enjoy five 
years free of injury. He 
already had his fair share:’ 

years free of injury. He has 

Bryan Robson's contribu- 
tion for Manchester United 
was to last no more than afew 
more hours and it ended, 
coincidentally, a mere ten 
minutes into his 13th appear- 
ance of the season. 

Bobby Robson, justifiably 
encouraged by foe diffidence 
of the Yugoslavs during their 

More football 
oa page 42 

4-0 victory over the feeble 
Turks, must now redesign his 
line-up. He was planning to 
make only one change from 
the side that beat Northern 
Ireland 3-0 last month, to 
replace the injured Marlin 
with Wright 

England's manager was con- 
vinced that the new partner- 
ship formed between the 
gifted Hoddle and the forceful 
Bryan Robson was his most 
effective combination in the 
centre of midfield. He must 
now decide whether to bring 

Muscular Dystrophy has caused David 
too much suffering for far too long. 

At four, he began to find it difficult to 
walk. By the age of ten, this relentless, 
musde-wasting disease had confined him to 
a wheelchair. 

But to end the disease, our scientists 
need to know how it begins. 

The more you help, the sooner they can 
find the cause 

To save other children from suffering like 
David, it carft be a day too soon. 


35 Macaulay Road. London SW4 QQP Reg. Chanty No. 205395. 

international career* 

for Scots 

By Hoj^i Taylor 

The thousand Bangers 
supporters who are travelling 
to Oporto today to watch 
tomorrow’s UEFA Cup tie 
with Bosvista have been given 
a half price concession by the 
Portuguese dub. The price of 
admission for the part of file 
ground allocated to the Scots 
has been reduced from £20 to 
£10. They have also been 
warned that hooliganism will 
not be tolerated, drink not 
allowed into the ground and 
banners banned. 

Although Ferguson is 
doubtful for fite tie; in which 
Rangers lead 2-1, Souness, 
their player-manager, said yes- 
terday that he hoped to be fit 
and that McMinn and 
Durrant should have recov- 
ered from injuries received in 
Saturday’s 1-1 draw with 
Celtic ^ t 

Celtic opened the scoring 
when McClair tapped the ball 
into the net after a clever 1-2 
with McGhee; It was easy, loo, 
for McCoist to equalize after 
Fleck had deceived the Celtic 

Dundee United, who face 
University Craiova in a 
UEFA Cup tie in Romania on 
Wednesday, trill be without 
Narey but they hope that 
Hegarty and Stiurock will be 
fit. They set out today for a 
difficult assignment, even 

though they hold a 3-0 lead 
fiie first leg, with the 


tonic of a 1-0 away victory 
over St Mima to maintain 
their challenge 


pair may 
face FA 


By Nicholas Harting 

WEST HAM (Mine P Parkas, R saw- 
art. G Panto. A Gate. P HBon, A 
OevonsMre. M WM, P Goddard, A 
Dfckans, A Cottae. N Orr. 

Evsmxfc N souma. A Haraar, P 
Power. K Ratdfto, D Mountfott, K 
Langley (sub; W Asptaal), T Scever. A 
Headi, G Sharp, P wSMraon, K Steady. 

in a suitable understudy for 
the cap tain. One candidate, 
ironically, might have been 
Stevens. Another is his dub 
colleague MabbutL 

Another Robson, Stewart of 
Arsenal, was considered the 
natur al re placement but he 
has also been troubled by 
injury this season. He was put 
on standby before the Weald 
Cup finals during which the 
senior representative dis- 
located his shoulder which 
was subsequently surgically 
locked into place during the 

Mabbutt has filled the role 
of acting as one of Hoddle’s 
bodyguards before, most nota- 
bly several years ago in Greece 
and in Hungary. He is certain 
to be mduded in the squad 
that will be announced by 
Bobby Robson tomorrow and 
may yet be recalled to the side 
that is to meet Yugoslavia at 
Wembley on Wednesday 

• Aston Villa's Steve Hodge 
will be released for England 
duty at Wembley next week 
although fiie dub has a foil 
members cup-tie against 
Derby County at Villa Rule (a 
Special Correspondent 
writes). “It’s important that 
England qualify for the Euro- 
pean Championship,” said 
Scotsman McNeill. “I 
wouldn't dream of standing in 
Hodge’s way of fart hering his 

An mqmry by the Football 
Association is the Bfcdy sequel 
to the volatile London derby 
match at White Hart Lane on 
Saturday id which both 
Tottenham Hotspnr and 
Wimbledon had a man sent 

Under the FA's disciplinary 
code, both players, Graham 
Roberts of Tottenham and 
Lawrie Sanchez of WhnMe- 
don, face an antematic two- 
match suspension for serious 
foul play, hot Eric Donne, an 
FA spokesman, con firmed 
yesterday: if the referee i 
dkates in his report that it was 
a particularly serious offea 
then we could take farther 

“There hare been occasions 
when referees hare elaborated 
os a sending-off and players 
hare been charged with bring- 
ing the game into disre pu te.” 
There is no maxmm penalty 
for this offence. 

It always seemed likely tost 
the match — which ended in a 
2-1 win for Wimbledon — 
would be marred by an in- 
cident of a violent nature. It 
was the dtante test, a 
con frontatio n between a team 
as physically committed as 
Wimbledon and a player as 
aggressive as Roberts, both 
albeit, as their respective man- 
agers were quick to remind us 
afterwards, with recent im- 
proved records fa demeanow. 

Something had to snap, and 
so it did, quite dramatically, 
with patofd consqsences, the 
double dismissal of Roberts, 

Photograph, page 42 

on a stretcher, and Lawrie 
Sanrhcr, conspiring to take 
the gloss off the most remark- 
able result achieved by 
Wimbledon yet 

Roberts, his right shin 
braised and bloodied, left the 
ground on crutches to contem- 
plate a period of convalescence 
while Sanchez, in addition to 
his suspension, will receive the 
uaiuDim finp 

down by the Ptofesswnal 
Footballers' Association from 
his dub for his retaliation. 

With Stevens dislocating 
and fracturing his coflarhone 
in bis attempt to prevent 
Wimbledon's second goal, ami 
both Wimbledon's fall backs 
booked Cor scything chal- 
lenges, it was not s ai p ri s iig 
that Dare Bassett ackmnri- 

i credit fin* their feat 
Yet to his credit Bassett did 
not dispute the referee's de- 
rision to expel both pl ay e ra, 
his view continuing that San- 
chez had kicked out at Roberts 
after being fouled and elbowed 
as he tried to rise. 

“The trouble is, though,” 
Bassett added, “that when we 
lose, we are boring aad ac- 
cused of playing effeide. When 
we win, we are labelled as a 
bunch of thugs. 

not for from the thoughts of 
David Pleat, who gave himself 
time to calm down before 
expressing his feelings with 
utmost diplomacy- “It’S not 
the way-rd want to ploy;” the 
Spars manager said tactfully. 
“I dost like some of the things 
that happen but they ap- 
proached the game the way I 
thought they would.” 
Wimbledon took the lead in. 
the fourteenth inmate when 
Cork skftfuDy chested-down a 
free-kick from Sanchez to boy 
his shot deep to the 
goalkeeper's right 
Fasfaann added 

Wimbledon's second after a 
no by Fairweather and 
Thomas, with a shot deflected 
in off Fashnna, scored 
To t t en h am's consolation goaL 

tmrawwn HOTSPUR: R CtormncK G 
mmnstaU: O Anfles). M Tfwroas, S 

SSlfat' ' ' ' '' 



WWBLFTXtot D {feasant J Kay. N 
A Thom. 

Wgrtun. S CbX i h , B Gayfe. A_ 

A CtoAtontotsutK K Gage). A Carte J 
PmUmu. L Sanctm. C NnaaSiar. 
RrtmeDJ. Axc*E : 

.v ». -- ''Y 

■V' ,' '• 

- '• ,S- r'i. 


* % " 

■* •* 

• , - 


From Richard Evans . 

Battling a garnaf fatigue as 

much as a worthy opponent, 
Boris Becker won fas third 
Nabisco Grand Prix title in 

Casal, of Spain, 6-4, 6-3. 7- 

ugural $600,000 Paris 

the inaug ural 

Becker’s share of that prize 
money was $100,000 (about 
£70,000), which is nice pay for 
a week’s work. But this, 
remarkable 18-year-old is. no 
longer playing Tffnn i* for the 
money. Already a millionaire, 
be has told his manager. Ion 
Tiriac, not to schedule him for 
meaningless exhibitions that 
will inter fere with his am- 

The former world No. I, 
John McEnroe, win play in 
file European f< i nu u nay 
championships — foe world's 
richest indoor tounamatt -r- in 
Antwerp fo» week despite 
being suspended after abasing 
umpire Jeremy Shales at foe 
Pans Open on Saturday. He 
has 10 days to appeal, en- 
abling him to compete in foe 
one-week tournament. Top 
seed is Iran Lendl, who won 
his third tide Inst year. 

bition of becoming fiie Dum- 
ber one player in the world. 

Having defeated Ivan Lendl 
in Sydney and Stefan Edberg 
m Tokyo before beating off a 
spirited challenge from the 
multi-talented Henri Income 
in the semi-final here cm 
Saturday, Becker is edging 
doser to his goal every week. 
He feels be still ladks the 
consistency required of the 
position, and has spoken elo- 
quently here fins week of the 
responsibility that it carries. 

Today he is backing up 
those thoughts with an act of 
compassion many would fed 
to be above and beyond the 
call of .duty. Two days ago 
Lendl pufled out of a charity 
match in Bologna on behalf of 
fiie fanner Italian Davis Cup 
player, Gianluca RmaMini, 
who was paralysed in a car 

The. promoter,! Sergio 
Fahnieri, asked Becker to help 
out and offered him, by way of 
compensation, the chance to 
play for his usual ax-figure fee 
against John McEnroe in Har- 
eoce the following night. 

Becker, who needs to deep 
for 48 hours rather than get an 
anotherplane, told Palmieri to 
forget about Florence, but that 

he would play in Bologna for 

The final here at the 
Omnisport Palais, played out 
before another full house of 
nearly. 15,000. followed a 
predictable pattern until 

Becker dropped serve in the 
mem 1 the third set It 

first game 
was then that the West Ger- 
man needed 1 to call up the 
reserves of mental and phys- 
ical stamina. . 

Breaking bade for four-aft, 
Becker eventually won it by 
taking control of the tie-break 
which he won 7-3. Casa l, 
however, was in no way 
disgra&d. A calm, elegant 
player of unhurried dass, he 
is, at the age of 24* a late 
developer but none the worse 
for that . 

Against Tim Mayotte in the 
semifinal, Casal refused to 
panic when he let slip a 6-1, 3- 
1 lead and came badk strongly 
in the. third set with some 
fluently aggressively service 

RESULTS: SmMmfc S M(Sp) bt T 
M Cam! 6-4, 6-3. 7-S. 



angers his 
new club 

Brisbane (Reuter) — The 
former England fast bowler* 
Norman Cowans has walked 
out on his Brisbane chafe, 
Wests, and flown home after 
only three weeks. ' "*■ 

The Jamaican-bom fast 
bowler took a flight out of 
Brisbane to London on Fri- 
day, giving oriy hours' notice 
to Wests cqrtffln-coacfc, Jote 
firiL An angered BdL vowed 
today the dnb would not dear 
Cowans,. aged 25, until -he 
made; restitution to Wests, 
“It’s" one of sport’s auni e si 
episodes and until certain 
matters are settled, we wftl not 
be clearing him to day for 
anyone ebe^ Bell said. 

Cowans was a surprise 
omission . from the: England 
team now in Australia after 
playing 20 Tests mid 
herein 1982. He gave 
reasons for leaving^ , < 

The - Middlesex bowler 
ayed only three: S atur d a ys 
r Wests after haying Jus m 
fares paid and receiving free 
accommodation. .The dftb 
took up ids offer after lie 
preached the Q ue e nslan d 
icket Association with his 
plans to spend tins summer in 
Queensland. Bell said players 
pooled their .resources, to 
coyer Cowans' fares and buy 
him a. . car. "There’s a lot of 
money been spent on him and 
he was due to start work the 
day he left,*!addedBdL*T just 
pe he realizes his respon- 
ilities aad : . makes' foil 
restitution.” The . club yras 
iting on a promised call 
from Go wans later this week 
to settle their 

of blood 
and the 


From P« Batcher 



titles, contin- 
Jbere yes- 
terday wkm Gi anti M jh 
Y ork Marathon at his , 
first attempt. Bat with three $1 
of FsfiV c o mp atri ots ' 
in foe top ten, more 
is bond to be 
fomented of Mood doping by 
foe Brians* .. 

-Fall wen fa 241.06 from 
Aston Jgancafc off Poland, 
2fiUI, with the . race 
foramtet Rob «e Castdla of 
Afaxria, find in 2H1A3. 

Pri, K today, had been 

re acte d to do vett fa the 

n A dj n w ftnt could 
tody finfefa 13fom a race wes 
r. Ms co Bea sa ^ Gefindo 
ordin, . with Orlando 
PKzzolato second. This was 
after tiuee etlfCT Itafira had 
hid a den sweep fa the 
10,000 metres. Stefono Mri, 
foe wfamer of the track race, 
revealed that -there had been 
tien to Mood depe, and tint 
several flfhfacnmpatDOts had ^ 
done it. 

The enrreat ftdifaw ascen- 
dency in tttont ranafag is 
leading to susp k ki is of tie 
practice, slick have bees 
fuelled bp a farmer national 
Dr TretieS, whose 
for an inquiry 
Brian has 

down by Dr Prfaao 

of the UxinirtetOniM aou oi 
the fatefoational federatioa. 

Pi raB ia te,asarprirewnBMr 
hoe fa foe last two yean, 
reserved his slow storting 
tactics to fry aad bam off de 
GtsteDa, art dfawelLto finish 
4ft. FOB broke away from the 
Aastoamn at 20 aBes, tori 

.. ^ 




first Briton fa 1 2fo place, 
2d&20, wifo. ■ Bsn*y Smith 
fofofa.his.dfoa t fa 2:1633. 
Grets mfa won her eighth 
New - Trek Marathon fa 

slips from 



win removes doubts 

Steve Davis, the undisputed 
world No. I, ended an eight- 
month search for a tour- 
nament victory at the £62400 
BCE Canadian Masters hoe 
yesterday. Davis imp re ss ively 
produced his best perfor- 
mance of the season to record 
a 9-3 final win over stable- 
mate, Willie ’Thorite, and 
collect the £18,000 first prize: . 

Davis has persistently re- 
fused to accept that his recent 
barren sequence has brought 
added pressure, but the three-. 

From a correspondent, Tonrato - 

tune world champion was frame, but leading 61-6 he 

dearly relieved to be a winner 
once again. Davis said: *T 
have not been worried that I 
have not been winning tour- 
naments, but of course I am 
deflated with this result I am 
particularly pleased with the 
margin of my victories in this 
matrh and my 8-2 semi-final 
win over Alex Higgins.” 

Davis might have been 
under early press ur e had 
Thome capitalized on a fine 
opportunity in the opening. 

missed a simple red 
Davis, typically, opened the 
evening session in determined 
fashion, producing successive 
clearances of 62 and 79 to 
effectively end Thorne’s resis- 

RESULTS: SaraUfaat D avfe boat 
tflgolns 8-2. Rrame scores (Davis 
fnte-ML 105-12; 24-67, fc-44; 
143A 888. 7MR 7841. 0-11S.8O- 
36. Rnt Davb beat Thome 9-3. 
Fraroe scores (Davis firsfr 71-61, 
68-27, 20-111, T&oTfci, 52- 

80, 80-32. 80-46, 0-123,64-48, 114- 

0. -• • 


ban two 

Indianapolis (AH') — Two 
more American athletes, tak- 
ing the total to six in recent 
weeks, have been banned for 
life by The Athletics Congress, 
the United States athletics 
federation, for taking drugs. 
The latest to be suspended are 
the discos thrower, Greg 
McSeveoey, aged 27, and the 
shot putter. Joe Zdezniak, 
_ d 35. They had yielded 
positive test results after the 
American Olympic sports 
festival in Houston m August. 
They had finished second and 
third in their events. 

Teaming up 

- Norwood Ctij^ a . pRK 
fesrional from Eto% and Mark 
Hue Williams; won the 
Cowdrey Racquet Pro-Am 
rackets champFpn$hip at 
Seacourt, ’ Hayungj 'Island, 
defeating Shannq^Hazefl; foet 
Clifton _ professional, - 2 nd 
Tony Windows; a former 
Gloucestershire- cricketer, ■ 6- 
15, 5-15, 15-6, 2-15. IS4. 15- 
7. tfr-14 yesterday. ■ 

Barrow deal 

Piuaen joins Wi 

Pinner move 

Key meeting 

Barrow Ri^iy^L^sedri 
have stoned fiie Wigan .for- 
ward, Nick Du Toit, of South 
Africa, who has been unable to 
claim a tegular spot at Central 
Park this season. He 
for the Cumlxians at 
lomofTow. . - ; ' r 

Toronto (Reuter) — Jahan- 
gir Khan, fite top seed, and the 
third seed. Stuart Davenport, 
of New Zealand, each : scored 
semi-final victories to- ad- 
vance to the final ' of an 
international squash - tour- 
nament Khan, the world’s 
topranked player, defeated 
Geoff Williams, of Britain, 9- 

Tbe former Great Britain 
captain, Harry Pinner, today 
joined Widnes from St Helens ■ ; 

Skelton leads 

9-5. 9-0. while Davenport- 
beat Hiddy- Jahan, of Britain, 
9-6. 9-219-7. 

FieJdhouse, to Knowsley 
Road. Fiddbouse, transfer- 
listed at £75,000, wift officially 
ago for St Hriens ' today. 
Pinner, who was on the list at 
£95,000, immediacy went 
into the Widnes side against 
Hull Kingston Rovers. He led 
the forwards to a commanding 
position that enabled them to 
forge a 26-8 victory. 

Landover, Maryland 

ter) — After sax days, 

Skdton , of Britain,- leads 
fidd riders with T4 points in 
-file Washington internati onal 
horse show. 

• Britain 2nd - the' -United; 
States have 36 points eadiL, 
and Canada . has.' 35 an "the 
show< wMch has one da? ’ 
competition remaining.' 

By George Ace 

Barry McGuigan’s chat 
show on BBC Northern Ire- . 
land — a sfa series stint which 
ended a few weeks ago — isr^ 
ahnost certain not to beV 
rqietoed fafite New Yem; The 
former WBA featherweight 
champion than k ed his audi- 
ence at the end of his last 
programme and with a cheery 
wave of his hand, uflhmed 
everyone that he would be 
ba ck after Christinas. Jn fire 
higher echelons of the 
Corporation this is . now 
considered unlikelv. 

.ft. may be that the BBC 
have, so to sprak, been testing 
the water ana discovered that 
the man who was once 
Ireland’s favourite »a has 
quite dramatically . plunged 
down the popularity ratings 
on bofo sides of the border. 

McGutoan stiS remains the 
dariiog of the mothers, grand- < 

mothers and . the vtty young 
bat foe more discerning sports 
fans are recognizing the other 
side to McGmgan and his 
entourage — rdated arwi un- 
related. Their willingness .to 
talk to a certain section of the 
media at the drop of a dollar, 
pound or punt has not gone 
unnoticed. The storim bearing 
tire “exclusive” tag that have 
emanated from fire tittle bor- 
der town of acmes that 
McGuigan put cm -the map 
have been numerous, even 
mama Kate has her lost oul 

Bat 'foe Qoncs cyckme, 
with a law suit pending agtmst 
his manager, B J Eastwood, 
foBowing a New York visit to 
Bob Arum, chairman of foe 
Top Rank Inc who promoted 
McChngan’s world -title bout \ 
1 linst Steve. Cruz in - Las 
Vegas fast June, is losing out 
and - there is no doubt that 
Eastwopd is stretching into a 
long lead in -foe sympathy - 
stakes. ’ . " may take a second 
cOming by Eastwood before 
there ui apy- danger, of- his 
collar bong worn bade to 
front, be h ah turned over foe 

odds, before on many occa- 
‘ roof and 

sran^ heisnobody’s ; 
jcertatnly didn’t appear to be 
tzndiuy worried or concenied 
about what McGmgan or his 
-teed team were planning at 
fast ^Week’s Ulster Hall boxing 

It is understood that 
McGifigah returned from his 
Americas jpasney with an'sffi 

‘€5lr V- 

da vitsigu^ by Annnwbich is 
r^yant - to the LaS Vegas 
promotion.. And fiie grapevine 
is bubbtij® that McGuigui 
has lined ttoaboul in Amenca 
eadynext year wifo anuoption 
on -a second contest. 

other side