Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

m new strike 

; -• « s*n 

: • i 'Ntf- 
:i, *=rV ■*! 

■- ton 


*■ • 



Cancelled lessons and class- 
room disruption returned to 
Britain yesterday as 20,000 
teacbere from the second larg- 
est union, the National 
Association of 

SchaolmastersfUnion of 
Women Teachers, tfere rt cd 
more than 2,000 schools in the 
first of a wave of half-day 
strikes. • 

By Mark Dowd and Nldnhs Wood 

•? -C, ^ 

. : ’-V 

, : - 6fL. 



• * 3 % 

V- * ^ l 


.... -/ife' 
' • *J. „l •» 

W1 W-l>* 




' ‘ - 3 

: ~ j» 

: "«MC. f.,7 

. ‘ • &■» . 


'3 ;v _ 

' * < 

•' ‘1 ^ 
• --.rri. - 

' «-•. to ; 


z - : c 







V -a, y" 



The action is designed to 
put pressure on local authority - 
employers to improve the 
terms of the Coventry deal 
when the two sides meet this 
weekend in Nottingham. 

An estimated 230,000 po^ 
pils were affected .by 

make arrangements to pro. 
vide cover. ■ 

Defending the union's ao* 
tion at a ratty of 550 teachers 
in London,, mduding a num- 
ber of National Union, of 
Teachers members, Mr Prcd 
Smithies, general secretary of 
the NA2VUWT, said: *We are 
not pursuing an avaricious 
path. W-e are pursuing a path 
of belated justice." 

He accused the: Govern- 
ment and tte local authorities 
of wanting a contract fin- 
teachers without paying any- 

good oofl job, it’ is a blatant 

con job, * 
Mr S 

yesterday's walkouts in 
Greater Loi 

• London, Humberside 

and Lincolnshire. '* 

Most areas of England, 
Wales and Northern Ireland 
are expected to be affected 
before the end of the week, 
although Hampshire and 
North Yorkshire will be 
spared becanse of the injunc- 
tions gained by the councils 
against the onion last week. 

Members of the union in the 
two counties are- being 
balloted on possible strike 
action scheduled .for after the 
Nottingham talks. 

Many children had to be 
sent home yesterday, although 
some schools managed to 

Smithies a d ded that 
teachers were underpaid by 34 
per cent and that the onion 
was seeking something 
approa ching a 50 per cent 
increase on current pay. ' 
“That seems an 'o utra geo u s 
fi g u re, but to the right-think- 
ing person it should Ik ob- 
vious that the country has 
saved a vast amount of money 
■by underpaying teachers far 
the pastlO years,” he sakL 
last night; Mr Baker criti- 
cized the strike as “totally 

Mr Baker also gave the most 
unequivocal indication to 
date of h£s w m ai wfawiie to 
resort to legislation should the* 
Nottingham talks fell to agree 
a pay-and-conditions settle- 
ment in keeping with the 
Government's plans for die 
future of the profession. 

He amplified on his 
announcement fast week to 

Mr .Ered Smithies: “It is a 
jMateatcoa job.” 


Married to 
the service 

Affairs w Btfefe, - 
affairs of the hssit 

themoderal 7K . 

stresses bn- : ; ; V 

diplomats’ wives 

thing fix' it and' promised a 
hard-fine approach from the 
union negotiating team when 
talks resume. 

The offer by -Mr Kenneth 
Baker; Secretary of Sate for 
Education and Science, of a 16 
per cent rise was “a can job," 
he said, “ and it is not even a 

on teachers’ pay and replace it 
with an interim standing 
committee. It would not only 
advise him cm salaries mud 
conditions, but would also, if ] 
necessary, be used as “a 
vehicle" for rushing through 
legislation and imposing a 

Dr David Owen, leader of I 
the Soda! Democratic Party, 
said it would be “madness" on 
the NAS/UWTs part to refuse 
to negotiate on the package on 

Dr David Js 

Saudis expel 29 

Freed US 
in good 


the freed 

, West Germany,': 

with Mr Terry Waite after 
Cyprus yesterday. 

flaw John Eugfamd 

By Nicholas Beeston 



• file Times Fortfofio 

Gold daily competition 
> of £4,000 was 

prize of 
won yesterday by Mis 
B. Hookway of Esher, 
Survey. Detaffs, page 3. 
• Portfolio fist, page *"■ 
31; how to ptay^ " 
page 24. 

Verovs war 

The BBC tried during the war 
to-' take Vera Lynn's pro- 
gramme off the air, believing 
that her songs were lovreri 
military morale Page 

Stop thief 

Computer fraud is costing 
British business £40 million a 
year andfoe culprits arehand 
to find 

Computer Horizons, 33-36 


Oil price drop 

North Sea oil prices fell .yes- 
terday as the market looked 
fin- c o nfirma tion that the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries would 
.increase prices to the target of 
SlSabarnti P*ge25 

Mercury cut 


trying to stay a step ahead 
its sole competitor, _ British 
Telecom, cut its prices for 
long-distance telephone calls, 
by about 12 per cent Page 25 


Speaking out 

Viv Richards, the Somerset 
and West Indies cricfcete*; 
attacked his county over his 
sacking but said he would 
continue to play far them if 
reinstated , , Page 46 

Home News >7 

Overseas Ml 
Appti , **5 

AKtaeoloH O 
Arts . K15 
Krft&dMfes ^ 



Chmti ZL 

Corni 22 



ftatmes M-26 
Lcvgepwt 14 
tota 21 
0W«»T 22 

nuBUKn . jj 
Sale Bon* 22 
Sdtace 22 
iSSt 41-4444 
Theaoes.ett -K 
TVJkXafc 48T 
Wate 24 
Wgb - . : 22 

ftitain was embroiled ye^- 
tesday m axfodKsranbmrass- 

_ over time, 

trf S^Bntiriibos- 
j flfll .'lijaff -drilling 

alco* dl a a Riyadh ia . 

Sep ta rfcct.-;. 7 *. 


last moptii’s poldicatioB of a 
coafideutial ,'iFociagn 1 Office 
dispatch about ^»di Arabian 
fiuUes by thc fonner British 
ambassador s Riyadh and 
cmhes; only; one week hefore 
the Prince mi Princess of 
Wales aiedue to visit • 


18 British 
est niunbef ofWesteniets ever 
expelled from Sawfi Anftda, 
arrived at Heathrow; .dajmiqg 
they were victimized by “re- 
figiouspqlice 1 ".. 

The indent at the party 
was tfaoq^u: to Jbavu .neea 
dropped 1» Saudi, anthmities 
until thmr British wom«i,two 
muses and onejsecretary, were 
arrested on , October 24 for 
being alone with.a man in a 
car. Maigaret 'Didaiiey,' agc4 

30, Alison Lee, aged 23, and 
Julie Cockayne; aged 27, who 
were at foe party, are expected 
to be deported within 48 
homs. : 

The hospital spokesman 
said that foe women were 
aware of local customs when 
they signed them contracts. 

Belgium recalls Syrian 
envoy M EEC meeting 

From Bkfaard Owen, Brussels 

Belgium yesterday recalled 
its ambassador to Syria for 
consultations before next 
Monday’s informal meeting in 
London . of EEC Foreign 

• - The move b one of-several 
signs that, despite the feflnre 
of foe EEC to hired Britain's 
call last week in Luxamboms 
for tough action against 
Damascus, next, week’s sesr 
rioq will see sozzre concerted 
action gainst Syria over its 
involvement in terrorism. 
.The re calling of EEC 

ambassadors , was one of the 

steps proposed by Sir Geoffiey 
Howe, theForeign Secretary. 

Only Grecce is Kkdy to 
continue to refuse to take pan 
in joint measures a ganwt 
Damascus, diplomats said. 
The Netheriands said yes- 
terday it was sympathetic to 
Britain’s aims bot would wait 
until Moiriay before deriding 
what: steps to take. 

officiate mM foe measures 
most Hedy to be taken woe a 
ban on lfofo-Jevd visits be- 
tween Syria and Europe and 
surveilance of Syrian dip- 
lomats and airime officials. 

Dr . David Jacobsen foe 
American held captive for 17 
months by MnsSm extremists 
in foe Lebanon, flew into West 
Germany yesterifoy and said; 
T am very. vcryija?«py. w .‘ 

He landed at a HS Aamy air 
base at Wiefoaflen in . mi 
executive j«after a fi ^afi om 
Cypres to be greeted by 4 q>* 
plause feom servicemen and 
their fenrilies- 

Wifo him was Mr Terry 
Waite, the . Archbisbop of 
CantCTtny’s special envoy, 
who had won him ms 
freedom. *■ 

The 55-year-old former hos- 
tage told journalists he gave 
special thanks to Mr Waite. 
“Terry is a man of hope,* 1 he 

In an emotional reference to 
his feflow-bostages stiff in 
captivity. Dr Jacobsen said: 
“we pray to God that they^ will 
soon be refeased-Those guys 
are in hdl. 

Dr Jacobsen was then 
driven to the US Air Force 
regional medical centre in 
Wiesbaden for what officials 
said would be “extensrve” 
medical checks. 

Later, after Mr Jacobsen 
had undergone initial 
examinations of his physical 
and mental conditions. Colo- 
nel Ken Maffet, commander 
of-the centre, sakb “He’s in 
amazingly good shape.” 

But he refused to answer 
any questions on what Mr 
Jacobsen had gone through 
Mr Jacobsen's two sons, 
daughter, two daughters-in- 
law and son-in-law are ex- 
pected to fly into Frankfort 
early today. 

Labour’s man 
m hospital 

Mr George Howarth. Labour’s 
candidate- in the KnowsL 
North by-election, was admit- 
ted to hospital yesterday after 
sneezing and aggravating , an 
oH bade injury. 

He will oe off the campaign 
trail for at feast a day. 

Cash boost likely 
for Aids battle 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The Government is likely to 
iqject several million pounds 

into the rampaign a gnnrel 

acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome (Aids) in the next 
few weeks. 

The campaign is to be 
launched with ;.a national 

distribution ofkpfoets to every 

household- giving advice and 
'jnfisrinotioti on The disease, 
andon newsapentovertising- 

Tbe - fondmk reflects foe 
greater urgency in Govern- 
ment efforts to control the 
spread of ‘ Aids through 
changes in sexnal and social 

Television advertiaug is 
^so a possfoiHty, and is likely 
to be discussed this week at a 
meeting of a newly-formed 
Cabinet committee set up to 
deal with the Aids epidemic as 
atop priority. 

The committee, under the 
chairman s hi p of Lord White- 
law, Lord President -of "the 
Cornual, indndes a number of 
senior ministers and has been 

developed from an existing 
t>up of 

funding comes after growing 
concern among specialists and 
Aids organizations about the 
spread of the disease and the 
Government’s response to it 

The £2 million allocated by 
foe Department of Health in 
the current financial year for 
public information on Aids 
has been almost spent on five 
advertising campaigns since 

The latest statistics on Aids 
cases are likely to be an- 
nounced by the Department of 
Health today. Previous figures 
showed that about 250 people 
had died from foe disease in 

• All Royal Navy, Royal Air 
Force and Army personnel are 
to be sent a leaflet on how to 
avoid catchings Aids, with 
more than 300,000 copies 
being sent to British forces 
throughout the world. 

A three-paragraph slip of 
paper wanting that homosex- 
ual acts are illegal in the 
services wflj be included. Post- 
ers are also being issued to 

interdepartmental group 
Government advisexs. 

The expected increase in 

-military bases and ships as 
t ofV 

part of the campaign. 

Vaocfne tests, page 2 

Ridley faced 
with revolt 
on rates grant 

By Philip^ Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 




vate secretaries, the 
of government ministers, are 
threatening to resign unless 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, foe Sec- 
retary of Slate for the Environ- 
ment. revises his proposals for 
next year’s rate support grant 

In what is rapidly becoming 
the most serious back-bench 
revolt of foe present par- 
liament, a number of PPSs - 
who are one step from the 
mi nis terial ranks — are telling 
foe Government whips and 
their colleagues that they will 
be unable to bade foe Govern- 
ment unless it changes its 
plans in order to help foe 
southern shire counties. 

The aides are unofficial 
members of foe Govern- 
ment's so-called “'payroll 
vote”, and failure to support 
the Government almost 
invariably results in resigna- 
tion or instant dismissal. 

But the present fine-up of 
PPSs is particularly well- 
represented in the 12 largely 
Tory southern counties and 
has complained that foe Rid- 
ley settlement will lead to 
unacceptably high rate in- 
creases in what is expected to 
be an election year. 

The resignation threat has 
been used before, but this year 
is being taken seriously.AU 
this week Mr Ridley, who has 
said no more money is avail- 
able; is bolding separate meet- 
ings with MPs from the 
counties claiming to be most 
affected by the RSG distribu- 
tion is a fresh attempt to 
defend his stand. 

Last year 32 Conservative 
MPs voted against the Gov- 
ernment and another 20 ab- 
stained over the rates settle- 
ment This year foe potential 

rebels are predicting a much 
:r -revolt 

Conservatives are up- 
set because it is predomi- 
nantly Tory areas that will be 
affected. It was calculated 
yesterday that of the large 
number of Conservative MPs 
in foe 12 key counties, only 40 
were not either PPSs or 

Without more money from 
the Treasury, which is un- 
likely to be forthcoming, there 
appears to be little that Mr 
Ridley can do to forestall a 

One PPS whose county is 
receiving well below foe na- 
tional average of grant yes- 
terday sakb "Unless some- 
thing is done to help us 1 will 
resign. 1 can no longer support 
this stare of affairs”. 

Key personalities in foe 
efforts to get Mr Ridley to 
vary foe allocation are, ironi- 
cally, Mr Patrick Jen kin, foe 
former Secretary of Slate for 
the Environment, and Mr Ian 
Gow, foe former Housing 
Minister and PPS to Mrs 

But Mr Ridley is fighting a 
strong rearguard 

action. Yesterday in an inter- 
view on BBC Radio’s World 
a! One. be said back-benchers 
bad heard only one side of the 
story from foe shire treasurers. 
“If rates do go up it is because 
local authorities spend more, 
but we see no reason why they 
should do lhaL Enormous 
savings are possible.” 

Mr Ridley said the threat of 
a revolt seemed to arise every 
year. “They think it is unfair 
that each year foe grant is 
concentrated very heavily on 
poorer parts of the country, 
inner cities and areas of 
deprivation, but that is built 
into foe Act and there is very 
little one can do to stop that” 

Hattersley warning to 
pension fund managers 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

The next Labour govern- 
ment will introduce a series of 
tough new rules and regula- 
tions to govern the behaviour 
of pension fund managers, it 
was made dear yesterday. 

Mr Roy Hattersley. the 
shadow Chancellor, set out his 
party's thinking in the course 
of a sharp attack on foe record 
of Britain’s fund manaffrs. 

He told the Pensions and 
Investment Resource Centre 
launch conference at the Bar- 
bican, London, that pension 
funds were doing neither what 
was best for the British econ- 
omy nor what was best for 
futons or present recipients of 

Over the past seven years 
the average UK equity fund 
ted performed worse than foe 
UK stock market average. 

And though fund managers 
had increased from 9.9 per 
cent to -27 per cent the 

proportion of new investment 
placed abroad since foe ending 
of exchange controls, foe av- 
erage sterling return on foreign 
holdings had been lower at 
24.2 per cent than the 26 per 
cent average return on UK 

Among measures being 
contemplated by a Labour 
government Mr Hattersley 
made dear, were: 

• Legislation to force pension 
fund managers to disclose 
more information about their 
investment decisions and 
political donations; 

• Use of Labour’s plan for 
tax-based penalties and in- 
centives, already announced, 
to reduce pension funds' for-, 
eign holdings to what they- 
were before foe ending of 
exchange controls; 

• A more rigorous scrutiny of. 
takeovers and mergers to try 

Continued on page 24, col 1 

Chissano, Mozambfone's 
Ford» Minister, was elect- 
ed by the Central Committee 
of Frefimo yesterday to suc- 
ceed President Samora 
MacbeL who was killed in an 
air crash last wnnth 
He was elected President of 
Frefiam, the country’s only 

a Marxist, he is 
asa pragmatist. 
Mapato crisis, page 8 
Letters, page 21 

Short Bros 
make loss of 

Northern Ireland’s biggest 
manufectuter. Short Bros the 
aircraft from, lost £35 naffion 
last year (Richard ■ Rwd 
writes). ' . / 

Sir Philip Foreman, head of 
the stateMJ*ned East Belfast 
flrm wbich employs 7,000 
workers, Warned foe fosses on 
beavy devefopmetit costs, the 
number . of rivals and . foe 
disruptive effects of: political 
controversy over the Anglo- 

Sir Philip hoped the com- 
pany, could return to profit in 
foe^ current year but Mr Peter 
.Viggeis, foe undersecretary of 
state with. rejponsiKEty for 
industry at tte Northern Ire- 
land office, admitted that foe 
disappointing results aright 
delay privatization; ' of foe 

ByTofey Young 

A drummer in a pop group, 
a- former Olympic gymnast, 
and the bead of a pirate radio 
station are among the new 
recruits to the Conservative 
Party’s campaign to win sop- 
port among young voters. 

Following an intensive 
search to nod stars to match 
labour’s success with its Red 
Wedge campaign, headed by 
the fo&'smgpr B3N Brag^foe 
Toty Party Youth Committee, 
chaired by Mr John Moore, 
the Transport Secretary, has 
come tip with a fist likely to 
raise eyebrows amongst the 
party old guard. 

The best known names, aff 
of whom are now officially 
members r of the committee, 
are those of former Olympic 
gymnast Suzanne : DancUx. 
MSfes Copeland, manager of 
pop poop the Pofice, Debbie 
Moore, founder of the success- 

fid Pineapple dance studio, 
and Bev Bevan, drummer 
with the Electric Light Or- 
chestra. But foe focus of 
controversy is likely to fen on 
Peter Stremes. bead of the 
illegal South London pirate 
station. Radio Jackie. 

The inclusion of Stremes in 
the group, known inside 
Conservative Headquarters as 
the **YUP Committee”, as 
well as anti-BBC campaigner 
and independent television 
producerDavid Graham, and 
Hugh Bagot-Webfr. a Conser- 
vative Research Department 
privatization specialist, 
underlines the* importance 
that the Tories place on the 
deregulation of foe media as 
an attractive policy for foe 

The new recruits will .form 
an advisory group who will 
draw up a senes of proposals 
to counter the growing attrac- 
tion of Labour among the 6 2 

million voters aged between 
18 and 24, who have entered 
foe electoral register since Mrs 
Ttetcher came to power. A 
series of articles in The Times 
earlier this year highlighted 
the difficulties that the 
Conservative government 
and the Prime Minister in 
particular — has in reaching 
this group. 

The new team, whose 
activites will be co-ordinated 
by Mr David Trippier, the 
junior employment minister 
will sit alongside an existing 
team of political professionals, 
including Mr Michael Dobbs, 
Mr Tebbii’s chief of staff; Mr 
Harvey Thomas, the party’s 
Director of Presentation, and 
two of foe younger generation 
of MPS, Mr Geoff Lawler and 
Mr Robert Jones. 

. The new Tory initiative 
began ax a secret meeting in 

Cootiued on page 24, col 2 

in £287m 

Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
head of Mirror Group News- 
papers, yesterday launched an 
agreed £287 million takeover 
bid for foe AE engineering 

The bid is the third to be 
made by Mr MaxwdTs Hollis 
Group engineering subsidiary 
in less than a month. 

Last night the City was 
expecting a battle for control 
of AE, best known as engine 
designers for such leading car 
makers as General Motors. 

In September AE fought off 
a bitterly opposed offer from 
the Ferodo brake fininggroup. 
Turner & Newaff. 

But after a row over share 
dealings by AE’s advisers, foe 
City Takeover Panel last week 
gave T & N permission to 
launch a second offer. 

Sir Francis Tombs, the 
chairman of T & N, said last 
night his company had no 
intention of accepting the 
Hollis terms in respect of its 
30 per cent shareholding in 

He declined to say whether 
T&N would be re-entering 
the battle. 

In foe City, where AE’s 
shares climbed 30p to 26 7p, 
stock market traders believe 
that Sir Francis .will decide to 
counter-bid within foe next 
few days. 

Sir John Coliyear, the chair- 
mart of AE described foe 
Hollis offer as satisfactory for 
AE’s shareholders. Sir John is 
to become chairman of the 
combined group if the offer is 
Mr Maxwell said _ 
that a merger ofHolfis and 
would provide the baas for 
development of an important 
new group in British and 
European engineering. 

Surprise bid, page 25 
Feature, page 27 


0272 429393 

We will answer you raj]] personally, day or night, and send 
you a copy of the Parker Knoll 32 page frill colour brochure 
on the art of upboUered furniture 1 - 

Parker Knoll 

No one cares mere for your comfort 
















t ft 
j e 


‘Drug smugglers’ 
rescued by RAF 

Two suspected drags saraggkxs were plucked from the 
sea by an RAF rescue helicopter yesterday at the end of an 
investigation by Customs and Excise officers which led to 
11 arrests in Wales, London and the Home Comities, and 
the seizure of marijuana worth £1 milfign. 

Customs officers and police were watching early 
yesterday as two inflatable boats travelled between a 
fishing vessel and an Isolated beach at Aberbacb, Dyfed. In 
worsening sea conditions, the investigators saw both 
dinghies flip over and the surveillance team was farced to 
break cover and call in the RAF. The two men were treated 
at a local hospital before being transferred into police 

• Disturbing evidence that heroin is gradually ousting 
cannab is as one of the cheapest, most popular and easily 
obtainable drags has been uncov e red daring a big drags 

Operation Centnry, involving tbe entire Lancashire Drag 
Squad, has led to 55 arrests. 

Reactor 700 will 

clearance lose jobs 


The Foreign Office yes- 
terday lifted its advisory 
warning Cor British visitors 
to the region affected by the 
Chernobyl disaster, six 
months after doads of 
radiation billowed from the 
stricken reactor. 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said Britons could now 
safely travel to the Western 
t Ukraine and Byelorussia, 
-providing they respected 
■local advice about the types 
^of food they should eat. 

The brake component 
manufacturer Clayton 
Dewandre is to dose its 
Lincoln factory with the 
loss of 700 join, onions at 
the plant said yesterday . 

Shop stewards at the 
factory have been told that 
it will dose within the next 
12 to 18 months. 

Members of the Amal- 
gamated Union of En- 
gineering Workers are now 
expectedto vote on a strike. 

£290,000 damages 

A stockbroker’s widow and two young children wot 
£290,000 damages in the High Coart yesterday for his 
■death in a “terrible and tragic* car accident 

Mr Justice Michael Danes, who approved the award, 
said Mrs Loraine WeDs, aged 33. of Steradale Road, Brook 
Green, West Kensington, London, would have received 
more than £1 million if her husband Benjamin, aged 33, 
bad not been found to be 75 per cent to blame. 

He died immediately after his car was in collision with a 
lorry on the A38 near Lichfield, Staffordshire, m February 


Mrs Lynda Chalker, 

.Minister of State at the 
Foreign Office, criticized 
.British businessmen yes- 
terday for failing to win 
’ more EEC orders. 

• She told a Euro con- 
ference in Glasgow: “In the 
. French market our closest 
Continental partner, we 
have an 8 per cent share, 
bnt Germany has a 16.6 per 
_ cent share*. 

Show horse found 

River Bells, a show hunter worth about £&>000, which 
was stolen from his Hampshire paddock more than two 
. montiis ago, has been found in woodland behind Devon and 
Exeter racecourse. 

The horse’s owner, Mr Stephen Sherwood, master of the 

New Forest Foxhounds, said at his home near Ringwood, 
Hamp shire, that a nationwide search had made the horse 
“too hot to handle*. 

River Bells has qualified in the middleweight class m the 
Horse of the Year Show for the past five years. 

Witnesses of violence spared courtroom trauma 

Live video link for child evidence 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

Child witnesses of violent 
crime are to be spared the 
ordeal of appearances in court 
by being allowed to give their 
evidence through a live video 

The move was announced 
last night by Mr ■ Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, in 
a speech to Conservative law- 
yers in London in which be 
outlined the main provisions 
of the Criminal Justice Bill, to 
be introduced early is the new 
session of Parliament. 

Mr Huzd had announced at 
the Conservative conference 
in Bournemouth that child 
victims of sexual or physical 
abuse would be able to give 
evidence by video. 

on Ruskm 

By Ho ward Foster 
and Marl Dowd 

Hie first of three crucial 
meetings which could deter- 
mine the future of Mr David 
Selboume, the former Ruskin 
College lecturer who has suf- 
fered student boycotts of his 
lectures for writing an article 
for The Times, was held last 

Mr John Hughes, the 
college's principal, was yes- 
terday in London for a meet- 
ing with Mr George Walden, 
Under Secretary of State fin* 
Education. Mr Walden had 
summoned Mr Hughes to the 
Department of Education and 
Science because he was not 
happy with his written explan- 
ation of events leading up to 
Mr Selbourne’s censure by tbe 
college’s governing body last 

Tomorrow Raskin’s three 
educational advisers, Profes- 
sor A.H. Halsey. Lord Mc- 
Carthy and Professor Les 
MacFariane, hold their own 
meeting to discuss the prob- 
lems involved. They will then 
tell the college whether they 
believe that Ruskin has in- 
fringed Mr Se [bourne's aca- 
demic freedom. 

The college holds its annual 
meeting on Friday. There had 
been speculation that it might 
have been brought forward to 
enable the Selboume issue to 
be discussed more quickly, but 
senior staff there have resisted 

Mr Sefixmrne is now pursu- 
ing legal action against tbe 
college after its refusal to issue 
a statement guaranteeing the 
academic freedom to publish 
anywhere to staff and stu- 

Rather than having to go 
Into the courtroom, children 
would be able to be ques- 
tioned in less formal sur- 
roundings. possibly in another 
part of the court building and 
probably accompanied by 
their parents; they would 
appear in court on a television 
screen and be examined and 
cross-examined in die normal 

The aim is to enable the 
process to be as close as 
possible to live evidence in 
conit, so safeguarding the 
rights of defendants without 
having the child present in the 

The move is designed to 
avoid the trauma earned to a 
child by re-living the assault in 
the presence of the alleged 

Now, Mr Hurd announced 
last night, that protection is to 
be given to ehud witnesses of 
senous acts of violence as 
welL Children who have wit- 
nessed violent attacks ou their 
parents or other people would 
not have to go into the court to 
face the person accused of the 

In his speech, Mr Hurd also 
made h dear that his already 
announced proposals to con- 
fiscate tbe profits of serious 
crime would provide the 
coarts with powers to daw 
back the proceeds of all types 
of crime from which substan- 
tial profits have been made. 

There will be no com- 
plicated Hsls, as some experts 
have suggested, of the types of 
crime vtok& shoukl be subject 
to confiscation powers. 

Mr Hard said: “It cannot bfr most controversial measures 
right for criminals to serve in the BflL Mr Hind said, 
periods in custody knowing concern had been voiced 
that their gains' remain intact - about the use of peremptory 
and that .they, win uTtimaidy chaflenge, particularly where 
provide them and their -fem- -several defendants had Con- 
nies with a life of comfort”. ceiled their challenge seem- 

He said his plans “wercan ingly to change the fon- 
important strengthening of the damental balance of a jury. , 

Police fail 
says MP 

deterrent powers of the courts 
in deahng.with major crime”. 

“This seems to have had the 

yesterday, Mr Hurd an- 
nounced that tbcGovernment 
was not proceeding with the *™r . 
proposal to remove the right J 

of jury trial for petty theft 

Mir Hurd confirmed the be used, 
decisions to raise the upper ‘ 
age Emit for j«y service from “But! 
65 to 70 and to abolish, the loos, it 

chances of acquittal rather 
than seeking a. more repre- 
sentative' sample. I do not 
accuse banisters of abusing 
the systenL While it exists it is 
understandable should 

tight of perei 
to membersi] 
The latter ’ 

“But 1 befieve it is anoma- 
lous, it nndermnves tbe ran- 

ptory challenge dom character of juries and it 
i of juries. risks weakening public can- 

m i .x f j - .1 i rt ■ 

be one of the fidence in the jury systemJ 

. PeBtical Correspondent 

.The Metropolitan Police 
fafls to de al with about 
100,009 cases of domestic 
violence women each 

year, a Labour MP claimed 
yesterday after l ea k i n g a 
confidential police report on 
the problem. - 

■ Mr Chris Smith. MP for 
Islington Sooth and Finsbury, 
who raised the issue in a late 
padBtntentaxy debate last 
night, called on Scotland Yard 
to set up a 24-hour telephone 
helpline to assist battered 
victims to increase tire 
number of women police offi- 
ce because they are likely to 
take the matter more serious- 

Tire report leaked by Mr 
Smith was produced by a 
Metropolitan Police working 
party nae domestic violence, 
ff discloses that only a minor- 
ity of victims report assaults 
to police and “many who had 
reported to police find them 


“Calamity, the police have 
a reputation for not treating 
violence between spouses or 
cohabitees seriously, or seri- 
ously enough, or in a com- 
parable way to a violent 
e ncou nter between Grang ers.” 
the report says. 

“Many police officers felt 
that domestic violence should 
not be parfof their work at alL 
Any situation ofthat kind was 
seen as bang generally just a 
waste of time.” 

Two weeks ago the Home 
Office produced new guide- 
lines aimed at greater under- 
standing and a more sym- 

Press wins contempt law change 

The Government is to 
change the law on contempt of 
court to provide a right of 
review of “banning orders” 
made by crown court judges to 
prohibit press publication of 
-details in criminal trials. 

The reform to tbe Contempt 
of Court Act 1981 is expected 
to be made; , as part of a 
settlement ixLa case which a 
journalist has brought before 
the European Co mmissi on on 
Human Rights. 

It was brought by Mr Tim 
Crook, a radio journalist, with 
the backing of the National 
Union of Journalists, and it 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affair s Correspondent 

went to the High Court in expressed grave doubt as to 
1984. whether the judge had power 

He and the union sought to to make the order he had 
challenge a ban on publication made. It was of vital constitu- 
of the name of the chief tional importance that cam- 
prosecution witness imposed tnal trials were held in public 
by Judge Lymbery QC in a and freely reported, he said, 
kidnapping case at the Central In the wake of that judge- 

Crimina] Court in January ment, Mr Crook lodged a 
1984. complaint before tbe Euro- 

Three High Court jud[ges pean Commission onHuman 
‘sitting as toe Divisional Court Rights and negotiations are 
held that tfiey had nojurisdio- now taking place ‘ between 
turn under section 29 of tire government officials and Mr 
Supreme Court Act to review Crook t>n a possible 
a decision of a crown court settlement, 
judge to make such an order. . There has been concern 
But in giving his judgement among lawyers and journalists 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown that the number of “banning” 

orders is cm the increase. The 
Press Council, tbe Criminal 
Bar Association and .the La- 
bour front bench legaL affairs 
spokesman, Mr John Morris 
QC have all called on the 
Government to investigate 
the workings of the Act. 

The Government is also 1 

intending to reform the Actin t ^^ o rt i ? i °] ^ r 

the light of a case brought by •™ting more referra ls 
MissHarriet Hannan, Latraff soh mnn; raffia sch ema; 
MPforPeckam. yA willm^ess to adog 

towards victims of rape and 
domestic violence, n said 
victims toouki be questioned, 
where possible, by women 
officers in special suites at 
police stations or hospitals 
and be examined by women 

The police working party, 
which produced its conclu- 
sions last January, empha- 
sized the importance of tire 
public understanding that the 
police took the question of 
wife assault senouslv 

It called for substantial 
measures to deal with existing 
shortcomings- and recomm- 
endations included: 

• Special training for police 
reentits on marital violence; 

• Allowing officers to use 
police can to take battered 
women to safe refuges — 
existing mileag e limi ts pre- 
vent such transport now; 

• Malang more referrals to 

The Harman case was over 
the release to tire press of 
confidential documents which 
had been produced in court 




for every 

More and more informed 
businessmen are calling on 
Norton fora new company 
phone system. 

Because Norton Telecom 
understand business needs. 

They appreciate the vital 
importance of continuity of 

They don't play pass the 

One consultant advises 
you on a system. 

Then he'll go on to brief 
Norton's installation team. 

Before handing you over 
to Norton's special Customer 
Service Group. 

Who’ll look after you long 
into the future. 

No wonder Norton has 
become one of the UK's 
largest suppliers of business 
phone systems. 

For personal service, call 
on Norton. Dial 01-278 0404. 

Talk business with Norton 

The senous aRerraree m business telephones 

Notion Telecommunications 
Qcy Road London ECIV iu 
TfeJ 01 2/8 MM Fax 01 833 38W Telex 27177 

United front call Teieconi 
to block Sinn Fein staff T? te 

Bv Richard Ford on action 

By Richard Ford 

Dr Garret FitzGerald yes- The Prime Minister said it 

terday uiged all democratic 
parties in the Irish Republic to 
form a united front to keep 
supporters of terrorism out of 
the Dafl. 

The Prime Minister do- 
scribed Provisional Sinn Fein 
as an “IRA party” . whose 
derision to allow elected 
repr es e ntatives to take seats in 
the Dafl was an “abuse of the 
democratic system”. 

It was unpre c e d e nt ed for 
any group to seek to enter tire 
Dafl while carrying out a 
campaign of violence and 
murder, he said. 

ft is the prospect of Sinn 
Fein holding a pivotal pos- 
ition in tbe Dafl through 
winning seats under the 
conn tarty’s system of propor- 
tional re presentation that is 
worrying tbe Prime Minister. - 

In that position it is feared 
that Sinn Fein win be able to 
exert influence for beyond its. 
actual support, particularly if 
no one party has an overall 
majority and is reliant on the 
support of independent and- 
other minority groupings as 
occurred in 1981 and 1982. 

Dr FitzGerald said he 
would urge people during the 
general election to give their 
last preferences to Sinn Fein. 

was essential that tire chal- 
lenge from people with an 
Armalite in' one hand and a 
ballot paper in the other was 

mat rnimptfanply 

Mr Charles Haughey’s 
Fianna Fail party is to give its 
response today to Sinn Fein's 
decision to drop 
abstentiooisxn after the issue 
is considered at a meeting of 
his front bench. 

Although Sinn. Fan could 
tala: some votes from tire 
extreme republican wing of 
Fianna Fail, party strategists 
believe that without an emo- 
tional issue it js unlikely they 
can win seats even is border 

Mr Geny Adams, Sinn Fein 
president, said the party’s 
ability to gain support in me 
republic would be judged at 
the election after next when it 
bad had time to organize in 

Unionist politicians said the. 
Sinn Fein derision would 
make little difference, but 
were concerned that toe mili- 
tary wing will wish to prove 
that growing involvement in 
the political process does not 
inevitably lead to a 
downgrading of the bomb and 
the bullet 

Shakespeare find 

By Tint Jones 

Leaders of . British 
Telecom’s 130,000- telephone 
engineers expect, their, mem- 
bers tomorrow to vote for 

•'A willingness to adopt a 
“higher-profile approach” in 
taking cases to court; 

• Better reconi keeping to 
establish more reliable stat- 
istics. . 

Mr Smith, who produced 
tire prime report ax a House of 
Commons press conference, 
said it was a damning indict- 
ment of current ponce atti- 
tudes and actions. He claimed 
it proved that many police 
officers did not take domestic 
violence against women ser- 

Up to three out of four 
battered women did not con- 
tact police for help, be said. 
The amount of domestic vi- 
olence in London alone in- 

indnstrial action in pursuit of I horrifying problem 

a pay Haim j - nationwide. 

The result of the ballot will 
pome at a tune of worsening 
relations between the. com- 
pany and the unions who have 
claimed that . two years' of 

be^tertal disasteri^ 0 - 
Mr John Golding, general 
secretary of the National 
Cn mmnniratimty Union, be- 
lieves the engineers wfl] reject 

BTs 5.8 per cent rayoffer and The first tests in Europe of 

5? ^ 3q i^SrT tbe ^?S’^£! StIDn ® P ossibte vaccines against Aids 
clerical section to do tbe Mine, are to be made early next year 


ions who have . A • 1 

test Aids 

Iding, general vaccines 

By Thomson Prentice, 
Science Correspondent 

Both sections have daimed 
increases of 10 per cent say- 
ing tbe offer is poor reward in 
view of the “vast profits” 
which -the company is 
enjoying. ' - . 

The unions cannot be to- 
tally confident of the outcome. 
In spite ofbring urged by their 
leaders not to, .almost 90 per 
cent of their members on- 
ployed by BT took up tbe 
option to buy shares. 

Some of them may not wish 
to en g age in action which 
could effectively damage their 

Manuscript may be earliest 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Rome Correspondent 

Sotheby’s has discovered a 
Shakespeare manuscript 
which may prove to be toe 
earliest in exfateaeft. It has 
aaly two competitors far the 
title. The manuscript consists 
of two pages and a tittle bit of a 
third, quickly scribbled in the 
back of a vdtam notebook, 
apparently by some contem- 
porary theatregoer who was 
a tt e nd i ng a p erforma nce of 
Baaj tv Part /. 

He seems to have scribbled 
some relliag periods fat die 
coase of the pe rfo r man ce, 
while others embedded them- 
selves m his memory and he 

wrote them down after w ards — 

in a slightly garbled form. 

.His purpose seems to have 
been to record these gems of 
verse for repetition in a 

commonplace book; many peo- 
ple, both in Shakespeare 1 * 
time and lata, compiled 
anthologies id m emor ab l e 
thoughts and verses for todor 
own delectation and that of 

Sotheby’s is evasive abont 
where it turned up. It says that . 
it was found by a family of 
“ancient lineage” at foe back 
of a drawer of underclothes in 
a chest of drawers. 

speare scholars has been 
called on to assess the find. 
The notebook is folio size and 
in toe front are 17 pages of 
metaphysical argument in 
Latin. Unfortunately two 
contradictory notes attrflwte 
its Origin to different sources, 
one to a discourse at toe 
So r b onn e in 1594 and toe 
other to a„ scientist named 
Thomas Herriot, 

Thai comes a blank, W- 
toweu by. two- more' 
panes of notes and 34 stubta 
of leaves that have been taken 
mrt. Finally, turning the book 

Other mannscr^ts token to pages of notes and 34 stubbs 
Sotheby’s by the same family of leaves that have beat taka 
hare proved surprisingly im- out Finally, turain the book 
portent, so they took toe toe other way upTfee Sfaake- 
notebook around to toe anc- speare quotations have been 
fioneera on toe off chance. Iris written on the pasfedoim flv- 
to be auctioned on December leaf and the feUowins naw 

on human volunteers. 

A system of biological “foil- 
safe” measures .is being pre- 
pared to ensure that the 
volunteers are protected from 
risks of contracting toe disease 
from the experimental com- 
pounds used in the vaccines. 

The tests will not begin until 
scientists are certain there are 
no risks. 

Two potential vaccines 
have been developed partly 
from discoveries by the team 
working with Professor Luc 
Montague, of the Pasteur In- 
stitute in Paris, who first 
identified the Aids .virus. -■ 

The work also draws on the 
fin duggs of research groups in 
toe United States: 

Plans for the tests on 
healthy volunteers were pre- 
sented in Paris last . week , by 
Professor Marc Girard, scien- 
tific director of Pasteur' 
Vacrins, to a meeting of 
International experts. 

The proposed tests have 
been : announced as new 
information compiled by toe 
World Health ^Organisation 
shows that the global spread of 
Aids, (acquired immune de- 
ficiency syndrome). Iras now 
affected more than 100 conn- 
tries in North and South 
America, Europe, Australasia 
and the Far East. 

The v o lun te e r s -are likely to 
be found in France. 

18 and is expected to fetch with a small spffl over o* 

aroand £150,000. 

The help of several Shake- 

next There are 58 fines In afl. 

Sale room, pan 22 


m: ■ 

& : «v 


.V r- : 

• X. 

• 7 '■’•r. 

.. .. 

: -S* 

‘ ■ -J ' .N * 

s "%j / 

' .v ; ^ 



S r r - 

* X 

a i 

:l ■•• 
tv »■ 

- T_. 

- -A 



£*>!■ ■' 

a- 3 

€ *■:•'-'•• 
, !?.p. 

,»•.'. vt-.: 
jV. ■ 

'<f: -• ’• 






.*r" ■" 


M '■- 

j*»- ;v.- 

W-* 1 “ J ‘" 

i RV***- 



> ■$* : J 

3 ^ 



Hunt for human donor after Britain’s first artificial heart transplant 

Man stable 



By David Cross 

Britain's first artificial heart Jarvik-7' artificial heart was 

transplant patient yesterday 
squeezed the hands of his 
doctor and- his nurse as he 
began to recover from the long 
and complex 'operation "at 
Papworth Hospital near Cam- 

Mr Francis WeHs, one of 
two surgeons who earned out 
the - operation, lasting five 
hours, 20 minuses, .over the 
weekend, said at the h ospi tal 
that the patient was in a very 
good, stable condition and 
had signalled to his wife and 
medical staff that he was 

The man, aged 40 and yet to 
be named, was receiving lots 
of fluid and would shortly be 
able to eat. 





English, the 

the. 13- 
member medical ta»n wanted 
to replace the plastic and 
metal heart as soon as possible 
when a suitable natural one 
had been found. Ideally that 
would be within the next week 
or so when the patient bad 
recovered from the immediate 
effects of the first operation. 

Air English said the patient 
had suffered three heart at- 
tacks in the past three years, 
the most recent in September. 
When the decision to use a 

taken last week, the patient 
knew be was very seriously 31 
and the medical team thought 
he bad no more than one or ' 
two days to five. 

Now that he had been fitted 
with an artificial heart be 
would have priority among 
the 28 patients on the waiting 
list for heart transplants at 

Mr English said that dotting 
and tbfr possibility of a stroke 
were the most likely immedi- 
ate dangers to the patient’s 
health. But be was being given 
drugs to thin his blood and he 
had experienced no severe 
bleeding problems to date. 
Rejection was not a problem 
with artificial hearts. 

Mr En g lish said the opera- 
tion was a little more involved 
than a normal trans pla nt . Asa 
result, and because the 
was less familiar with the 
surgery involved, it had taken ■ 
20-30 per cent longer than 

Mr English said that the cost 
of the artificial heart - be- 
tween $12,000 <£8,000) and 
$15,000 (£10,00(0 - was being 
borne by the American com- 
pany which had pioneered the 
development- of the artificial 
heart, as part of a $400,000 

it included five artificial 
hearts as well as aB the 
complex compressed air sys- 
tem for circulating the blood 
and various monitors for 
tracking the patient’s health. 

The Papworth team had 
decided not to have more than 
one patient fitted with an 
artificial heart at anyone time, 
Mr English said. That was 
because of the constant nurs- 
ing and technical supervision 

Mr English said that 

Papworth regarded the im- 
plantation of an artificial heart 
as a temporary device for 
patients who might otherwise 
die if a suitable natural organ 
was not available. 

Experience in the US had 
shown that permanent im- 
plants of artificial hearts were 
not successful in the long 

The first patient to receive 
one- Dr Barney Clark, an 
American -died 112 days af- 
ter his operation in December 
2982. By August of this year. 

the first five men to be given 
permanent artificial hearts 
had died - the last being Mi- 
William Schroeder of Louis- 
ville, who suffered several 
strokes before dying 620 days 
after his operation. 

The artificial heart is 
powered by a huge air 
compressor and critics have 
questioned what kind of life a 


patient can enjoy linked 
such a device. 

The success rate for patients 
who have been given artificial 
hearts temporarily in the US, 
France ana Sweden is much 
brighter. All nine patients who 
have used the latest Jarvik-7 
model during the past year or 
so as a temporary device 
are still alive. 

Hurd gets 

By Michael HorsneD 

A report into the heavily 
criticized police handling of 
the Bamber murders was sent 
to the Home Secretary yes^ 
lerday by Mr Robert Bunyard, 
Chief Constable of Essex. 

Mr Douglas Hard, wha 
ordered it the day after Jeresny 
Bamber, aged 25, was con- 
victed of shooting five mem- 
bers of his femfly * is expected 
to make. a. statement to Par-- 
liament after studying the 
report . ••• . ; 

Meanwhile, , he will consult 
Sir Lawrence Byford, Chief 
Inspector of C on stabulary, 
who conducted the official 
inquiry into police handling of 
the Yorkshire Ripper case in 
1981. . . ' - 

Police and the Home Office 
declined to discuss the report 
yesterday. But Mr Bunyard, 
Chief Constable since 1978, is 
understood to have resolutely 
defended the officers in 
charge, who admit they were 
duped by Bamber 
Mr Bunyard is believed to 
have reported that, although 
the mquiry~ breakthrough was 
due to Bamberis betrayal by 
bis former girlfriend, bliss. 
Julie Mugford, forensic sci- 
ence evidence had already 
begun to implicate him. 

Sir Lawrence is expected to 
recommend a tightening of 
police procedures 
Bamber received five life 
semences last week for 
murdering his adoptive par- 
ents, his sister, and her twin 
sous in order to inherit 
£436.000 from his parents. 

youth killed 
best friend 

The son of the comedian 

Mike Reid shot his best friend 
dead while “skylarking with 
guns", a court was told 
yesterday. " ■ 

lan Rogers, aged 17, died 

after being shot last December 

at the comedian’s home in 
Great Easton, Essex. 

. Yesterday Mr Reid sal in 
Chelmsford Crown Court as 

his son Mark, aged 20, pleaded 

not guilty to manslaughter. 

Mr Graham Parkins, for the 
prosecution, said. Mr Rogers 
bad been messing about with a 
musket and Mr Reid pirated 
up a shotgun. 

Mr parkins added that, in 
his account to the police, Mr 
Reid said: “I thought the gun 
was unloaded. jWe were jnst 
messing about" 

He told the court: “The 
tragedy resulted from two 

young men who, for want of a 
better expression^ were sky- 

larking with guns. 
The trial continues. 

Private Eye case 

Maxwell denies bribing 
Kinnock for a peerage 

JVfr Robert Maxwell, the 

publisher, denied in the High 

)Urt yesterday bribing Mr 
Neil Kinnock, the Labour 
leader, and acting as his 
paymaster in an attempt to 
buy a peerage. 

Tire former Labour MP 
claimed- libel ^amagM from 
the satirical magazine Private 
Eye evex the- “-dujpucefiir 
allegations that by paying for 
foreign, trips be was guilty of 
bribery or attempted bribery. 

Mr MaxwelLlchairman of 
Mirror Group . Newspapers, 
denies .the alk^tibos which 
a p peared - In - two issues of 

Private Eye in July last year. 

Hte counsel, Nfr Richard 
Hanley, QC told Mr Justice 
Simon Brown and a jury: 
“Can there be any doubt that 
what PrivateEye is alleging is 
that Mr Maxwell has acted as 
paymaster to Mr Kmnock and 
is, in effect, bribing Mr 
Kinnock, or attempting to 
bribe him, in order to get a 
peerage. Not only is it ex- 
tremely offensive, but a very 
serious allegation to make.” 

The first article daimed that 
although Mr Maxwell might 
not be popular with some 
sections of the Labour move- 
ment he “is definitely de 

rigueur with party leader Neil 

It said that although there 
would be an announcement of 
Mr Kinnock’s visit to the East 
African capitals of Dar-es- 
Salaam and Nairobi, it would 
not be revealed that Mr 
Maxwell was acting , as pay- 

It. added: .“Members of 
Kinnodfs kitchen Cabinet are 
fond of boasting how they 
made, money, out of the Mos- 
cow trip (another Maxwell 
subsidy), and recall how the 
Captain picked up the tab for 
Kinnock’s Central American 
tour after tire Inte rn ational 
Charity, War on Want, backed 
off for publicity reasons. 

“How many more Kinnock 
freebies win Maxwell have to 
provide before he is recom- 
mended for a peerage?” . 

Mr Hartley said Mr Max- 

newspaper publisher to create 
• a public ima^. 

While' it was admitted that 
Air Maxwell was a supporter 
of the Labour Party, it takes 
the “gutter press”, such as 
PrivateEye , to ray Ire has done 
something cynical to buy a 
peerage, Mr Hartley said. 

For tiie most part he ig- 
nored their jibes. But in 1975 
he sued them for libel and 
received an unreserved apol- 
ogy and damages.-- 

Then in 1983, when he was 
compared with Ronald Kray, 
the magazine published an 
apology. They also undertook 
not to publish any more 
offensive articles about Mr 
MaxwdL But that was a 
“hoDow” undertaking, Mr 
Hartley added. 

The magazine, against 
whose publishers, Pressdram 
Ltd, and their chairman, Mr 

Man accused of killing 
girl flung against wall 

Emma Louise Flynn, aged 
19 months, was picked up by 
the ears from her bed, batted 
several times then grabbed by 
the legs and had her head 
swung against tire wall, a court 
was told yesterday. 

She died after two days on a 
life support machine and there 
were at least 38 separate 
bruises on her body as wdl as 
a fractured skull, Preston 
Crown Court, Lancashire, was 

The prosecution alleged 

that her killer was Michael 
George, aged 19, and that he 
had been in a rage after taking 
drink and drugs. 

Before being attacked, 
Emma, the younger daughter 
of Mrs April Flynn, with 
whom Mr Georgs was living, 
had been woken up at about 
2am by a furious argument. 

Mr George, of Berkeley 
Crescent, Padiham, near 
Burnley, denies murdering 
Emma, who died on May 6. 

The trial continues today- 

reject JPs 
for family 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Barristers are strongly opp- 
osing any model for a family 
court which will involve lay 
magistrates deciding family 
cases either alone or sitting 
with judges. 

Their views, which have 
been submitted to the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department, cut 
right across the emerging 
model feu a family court 
which does involve mag- 
istrates and which has wide 
hacking from judges, mag- 
istrates , solicitors and the 
Family Courts Campaign 

The barristers, members of 
the Family Law Bar Associ- 
ation, say: “We do not con- 
sider that lay magistrates 
should deal with family cases. 
The work now done by them 
would be better, more ef- 
ficiently and more exped- 
itiously done by specialists 
from the fidl-time judiciary." 

The association, which has 
put its views in a response to 
the family court consultation 
paper from the Lord Chan- 
cellor’s Department, gives 
several reasons why it opposes 
the involvement of lay 

It says famil y law cases, 
especially those concerning 
children, can involve large 
numbers of incidents and 
issues and JP5 cannot be 
expected to have the level of 
expertise to assimilate and 
assess the evidence. 

Hearings before lay mag- 
istrates take longer than those 
before good professional 
judges and incur unnecessary 
costs, it says. 

Another objection is that 
magistrates do not give a 
reasoned judgement when 
announcing their decision, the 
association says. 

“In the highly-charged at- 
mosphere of family cases h is 
never satisfactory for the un- 
successful party merely to be 
given a decision without de- 
tailed reasons at the time.” 

The association also comes 
out against lay justices sitting 
with professional judges. In its 
experience, it rays, registrars 
and judges “are well able to 
ynake decisions without the 
assistance of another person 
sitting with them**. 

The association welcomes a 
famil y court along the hoes of 
a unified court within the 
present High Court and 
county court structure. 

win for 

The administrator of a trie- r 
rfsRm company Is the sole ‘ 
winner of yesterday's Portfolio l 
Gold prize of £4,000. i 

Mrs Bent Christina Hook- - 
way, aged 42, from Surrey, has > 
played the Portfolio Gold . 
game since it started in The ? 
Tunes. • 

Asked how she intended * 
spending her prize money, ! 
Mrs Hookway said: “I hare 3 
two children to support and I ; 
need the money very badly. It * 
wOl come in very nsefnL” : 
Readers who wish to play . 
the game can obtain a Port- 1 
folio GoM card by sending « * 
addressed envelope , 









Portfolio Gold, 
The Tunes, 
PO Box 40, 

BB1 6AJ. 













Mrs Hookway: Money will 
come in usefaL 

soon for bomb 
blast victims 

Victims of the Brighton 
bomb blast during the Conser- 
vative Party Conference two 
years ago who have outstand- 
ing fiahns are expected to be 
offered compensation pay- 
ments soon for their injuries. 

The Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board sahl yes- 
terday that most of tiro 
lemaiung cases were in an 
advanced stage of preparation, 
hot derails of the awards would 
not be puUfahed. 

There were 31 applications 
for compensation from 29 
civilians and two policemen 
The o-'ianding claims 
were held up by the trial of 
Patrick Magee who was jailed 
for life for planting the bomb 
which killed five people at the 
Grand Hotel in' Brighton hi 
October 1984. 

well was one of the magazine’s ^Richard Ingrams, he seeks 

favourite targets and there was 
even a strip cartoon referring 
to him as- “Captain Bob’*. 

. But the allegations were a 
“sham”. It was “quite untrue” 
that it was his personal am- 
bition fo be elevated to the 
House pf Lords. It was an 
offensive allegation to say he 
had exploited his position as a 

and an injunction 
restraining further publica- 
tion, denies libel and claims 
what was published is true. 
They are also counter-claim- 
ing damages for libel over a 
Mirror article, headed “An- 
other Whopper”. 

MaxweH take-over, page 25 
Maxwell's style, page 27 

MP tries to have 
his ex-wife jailed 

The former wife of a 
Conservative MP faces jail 
thisweekovernon payment of 
a £175,000 divorce pay-off. 

Mrs Elizabeth Browne, aged 
44, has paid £124,000 but still 
owes £49,500 m maintenance 
and £11,000 in costs to Mr 
John. Browne, MP for 

Mrs Browne arrived at the 
High Court yesterday with her 

she had sold the Belgravia 
home her mother left her and 
other property to meet the 
demand and had no more 

“I jnst cannot believe that 
my ex-husband can do this to 
mq» w .sbe said. 

During the marriage, Mr 
Browne was involved in a 
constituency dispute over a 
£26,000 house he bought from 

bags packed ready for jail and focal council and put up 
declared: cMm* .for sale at £75,000. Then 

another penny”. Bat tire noon ^rfog ibe Falklands conflict. 

deadline for payment passed 
with- no court appearance and 
a 28-day suspended jail order 
imposed by Mr Justice Wood 
last August was not brought 
into effect • 

But as Mra Browne returned 
to her Chelsea home, lawyers 
for her former husband said 
they were tikety to take legal 
steps for committal in the next- 
few days if.the money was not 

A former finance company 
chief and Guards officer, Mr 
Browse, aged 48, manied in 
1965. they couple parted m 
April 1983 and she divorced 
hirn the. next year on the 

his request to join the Task 
Force as a serving Territorial 
officerwas turned down by the 
Prime Minister. 

Mrs Browne, is half 
French, said yesterday that 

Mrs Efaabeth Browne: may 
be jailed for debt to MP. 

for royal 

By Alan Hamilton 

Sir David Attenborough, foe 
broadcaster and naturalist, 
has been chosen by the Qneen 
to produce her Christmas Day 
television message this year, 
Buckingham Palace annonn- 

Sir David, aged 60, succeeds 
the late Richard Cawston, who 
made the pioneering docu- 
mentary film Royal Family m 
1969 and who produced the 
Christmas terodcast to the 
COmmomrealtb for the past 15 

it from a stiff and 
speech to camera into a mach 
more intimate encounter. 

A former controller of 
BBC2, Sr David is best 
known for his films of wildlife, 
admhiating in 4 celebrated 
scene in his Life On Earth 
series in which he lay down 
with a family of gorillas. 

Buckingham Palace in- 
dicated yesterday that the 
choice of Sir David, made 
personally by the Queen, did 
not necessarily mean that the 
style of the Christmas broad- 
cast would change, or that ft 
would be filmed in. jungle 

Wife is accused of £910,000 business fraud 

r * 

A gifted and dynamic 
businessman who cheated two 
banks and the Governments 
Export Credit Guarantee De- 
partment out of £3 milUon 
was ‘‘lying low” in Spam while 
his wife faced fraud charges, 
Lincoln Crown Goort was told 

He then fraudulently per- 
suaded Courts & Company 
and Lloyds Bank to loan him 
huge sums of money while he 
was - waiting for “payment” 
into his customers^ Mr Farrar 
said.-- . ’ 

.He added that the bank 
loans 1 were backed-. by the 

Mr mVid Farrar, QC. for Department of Trade and 
the prosttxrtion, said Robert Industry s^Export Credil 
protended w DepartinenL 

Xfaree contracts to export . Mr^p^chmrmanand 
M^sb«umandotherq)orts.. managumfor^ofl^iere 
SSSStto- Australia,- Bel- (Leisure), of North Bytebam, 
^ Trance and Denmark. Lincolnshire, was allied to be 


the architect of the iatge-scafe 
and persistent fraud. 

Bui, Mr Farrar sand, be was 
lying low m Spam, preferring 
an audience of a press con- 
ference rather than that of a 

^ln the dock yesterday were 
Mr Stapleton's wife, Julia 
Stapleton, aged 40, a director 
of the company, and Richard 
Cole, aged 39, its financial 
director and chartered ac- 

Mrs Stapleton, of The Spin- 
dles, Boothby Graffito, near 

Lincoln, denied 10 charges of 
false accounting and 10 
charges of dishonestly obtain- 
ing a pecuniary advantage by 
deception. The charges in- 
volved sums from £1 1,000 to 
nearly £200,000 and totalling 
more than £910,000. 

Mr Cole, of Beech House, 
Hayum, near Retford, Not- 
tinghamshire, denied four 
charges of false accounting 
and two of furnishing false 
information involving suras 
totalling more than £2 million. 

The bearing continues. 


are more 

than others. 

Scania have never been tempted to compete on 

cost atone. 

Trying to equal some of today’s truck prices would 
mean sacrificing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
resea rch and development, we might have to cut 
a few comers. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we’d be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, we’d be able to offer you a cheaper truck. But 
it would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn’t last as long. And wnen the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn’t 

Scania promise you years of low-cost operation. 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement. 


Scania (Great Britain) Umited, TongwelL ^ 
MiltonKeynes MK15SHB. Buddn^iansWre. 
Tel: 0908 614040. Tetex: 825376- 

Scania. Building trucks, building reputations. 


L^i>kr«. n > ii ^aJPWTlfl 



Victoria is 

ruled out 
as tunnel 


Tunnel row • Lords ageism 

The Government ruled out 

one had to recognize that the 
To * MCDODT tendering, planning and inquiry 

I HMSidrUn I processes were very lengthy. 

■ He was replying to Mr John 
The Government ruled out Heddle (Mid-Stanorshire. C) 
suQ'Eslicms of Victoria Station, who asked wh y the g eneral^ 
London, as a terminus for the policy of the Department of 
Channel Tunnel rail link. Mr Transport of providing motor- 
DavM Mitchell, Minister of way service areas at intervals of 
State for Transport, said that the 30 miles had not been adopted 
station was unsuitable for the for the M25. 
length of train required for the Mr John Cartwright (Wool- 
service. widi, SDP) asked why, in view 

The minister also said during ofthe volume oftbe traffic using 

questions that the Government 
has approved in principle Brit- 

the M25. the Government had 
waited for its completion before 

isfa Rail investment of up to coming forward with proposals 
£390 million in connection with for ess ential facilities. 

the tunnel. 

Mr Spker: That is a reasonable 

Individual elements in the question. It would be a better 
proposals would have to be idea. It is extremely difficult to 

submitted for detailed «wem- 
ment approval. The £390 mil- 
lion was at 198S prices. 

Mrs Virginia Bottom! ey (South 

i- get the tendering process going 

until the motorway is complete. 
Mr Terence Higgins (Worthing, 
C) asked if there not some 

West Surrey, Q said the tunnel danger that people who left the 
would create valuable opporto- road during the rush hoar for 
□ities for manufacturers, par- motorway service areas would 
ticulaiiy in the North, and not be able to get back on. again, 
exciting prospects for its sup- Mr Spicer said there would be 
porters throughout the country, almost, bat not quite, one 
Mr Mhcfaefl agreed. There was motorway service area every 30 

about £1,000 million worth of miles. 

business to be picked up during Mr Deimis Skinner (Botsover, 

• BBC libel # Knowsley North 

House of Lords is 
accused of 

housing -ageism 9 

Seme local authorities were so 
Dl MINIMA opposed to the right to buy that 

rLANnlnU . they would mlt * a pri don 

- — - ^ 


The Hoaseitf Lords was accused Mr Rooter was wrong to 

of “ageism” ' and the Govern- - accuse the Government, and 
moot of having acted in bad faith .' therefore ministers, of acting is 
when the Commons couitdac d . bad faith. 

T imln min mlnmin in thr TTonn From his own esrperience he 
iag and Ptunriag BflL - could saythat every application 

Before the House was a Lords made by a local - authority for 
Bcnd meut am ma g certain, exemption from the right to bey 

amendment ex e mptin g curtain, exe mp tion from the right to bey 
dwellings o ccupied by the d- on. the ground that the acbont- 
derty from the vjgbMo-bay pro- modatiaB involved was suftahle 
visions and giving locaJvfor pensioners was wuitiarnd 
authorities to dBO dfea ofJc awfM Bty by Department of the 
to i lhg whether right tojbuy EMrammt udubtero and ev- 
yas ap propri ate or not- exy decision was nude only on 

It was toniuri with a gov- the basis of the &ds and ie good 
'er amen t nmdmert restoring faith. 

tiie right-to-bay discretion to the Mr John Cartwright (Woolwich, 
Sccntey of State for the SDP) said that the Lords 
Environment. Both amendments amendment, which had attracted 
Mrodnced the criteria for defin- a broad measure of support, was 
log properties suitable for tire a very useful step in tiki right 
dueriy. direction, though kdid not go as 

The Lords him iiiIiiii ill was for as it might, 
rejected by 185 rotes to 117 — Given the tendency of seme 


On average, 10.000 jobs a year had not wanted any criticism 
would be created throughout the about the M25. Only a few dam 

Lab) said the Prime Minister Mr Spicer (left): Delays in service station tenders. Mr Mitchell: BR investment approved. 

term. A well known Glasgow 
engineering firm had already got 
letters of intent in relation to 
Channel tunnel boring mach- 

Mr Stuart Holland (Vauxhall, 
Lab) asked the minister to 
comment on a report that an 
entirely new, privately finwimwd, 

bad passed and senior Tory MPs 
were stabbing the Prime Min- 
ister in tire back. 

Mr Spicer said the M25 had 
been extremely successful in a 

Bus services ‘are 
being maintained’ 

Mr John Moore, Secretary of 

funded and operated rail link State fra - Transport, defended 
from Folkestone to London himself against c ri tici sm from 
might be undertaken, with a Mr Re xat Hughes, an Opposi- 
terminus at Victoria. tion spokesman on transport. 

How did this relate to the that he had not met repre- 

quesrion as to why Waterloo, far sen ta lives of the staff of the 
example, should be the sole British Airports Authority, 
flagship terminal for tunnel which is to be privatized. Mr 
traffic? Moore pointed out that he had 

Mr Mitchell: I know of no 
authoritative suggestion that ' 
there should be a new railway ' \ 
line from the coast to Victoria. 

British Rail have made clear \. ' 
that Victoria is not suitable for 
taking the length of trains they - ±. 
need Tor that service. rot 

Mr Robert Adley (Christchurch, -.-ro.- 
C) said that the South East ?W 
Railway built a line from - 
Tonbridge to Reading, via ♦ 

RedhilL for the Channel tunnel .. * MgL 
a century ago. Thai line had not . ' V 4k ■’ 
been included in the Beeching : 9^ 
cuts because it had been buffi ftn 1 • ' ' 

that putpose. 

The line, sadly, was not now 
included in part of the mqjor aSjj 
electrification scheme winch ||K 
would enable British Rail and M p 
the Government to achieve the 

sssas ^ B Ts^Jr e,wiD 

exercise. Would the minister ““P 

look again at the arrangements not been asked to see tire staff 
with British Rail whereby they but would be delighted to do so. 
had been asked only to provide Mr Hughes: Does not that show 
plans for that which was contempt for the people work- 
essential? ing in BAA. those who have 

Mr Mitchell said he understood given a lot of service to building 
British Rail was reviewing its up the company to what it is 
initial derision that freight now? 
could not be hauled from the Mr Moons I have not been 
tunnel by diesel and was consid- asked by them if 1 would tike to 
ering electric haulage. That see them. No such meeting has 
might well affect the line Mr ever taken place in the history of 
Adley had referred ta the BAA. 

Mr Roger Gale (Thanet North, ^Beyond that, the letter of the 
Q asked the minister to confirm chairmanof BAA to the staff on 
that, in principle, the depart- July 28 did indicate the extent to 
mem welcomed private invest- w luch there had been full and 
ment in British Rail °? as ^, t ® lI0 f- 1 . . . 

Mr Mitchell replied that it was But I wll be delighted to see 
up to British Rail to decide the staff if there are any matters 
whether there were times when w j s ^. to sec ™ c about, 
private investment could help M* - Anthony Steen (South 
them. That was not a central Sf™ 5 * ^ sa ^ *** 
part of its policy at the moment. M®o*e tuet the BAA chairman 
A motorway service area should «* remind him that it 

be available on the M25 at was the Government s policy to 
Thurrock in 1988 and at South practise competition and that 
Minims next year, Mr Michael competition meant competition 
Spker, Under-Secretary of State between British Airways and 
feTransportTaidwhen he other ahfines which, were in- 
answered criticisms at Cbm- dependent, and that it was not 
mons question time about the P°hcy to allow BAA to practise 
lack of such areas on the orbital untair competition 
route around London. M*. Moore: 1 am sure the 

There were four to five pro- chairman is aware of the 
posals for motorway service Government s commitment to 
areas on the M25. he said, and competition policy. 

It is already dear that with 
deregulation of bus services the 
overall level of services will 
broadly be maintained at a 
lower cost to the payer of rates 
and taxes, Mr David MitehelL 
Minister of State for Transport, 
said in one of a series of written 

“New forms of operation, 
including minibuses' and 
taxibuses. are being introduced 
to meet the needs of travellers 
more closely. " 

He said that rural bus services 
had been maintained broadly at 
their previous levels, and there 
had been substantia] savings in 
local authority subsidy. 

The Government’s transi- 
tional rural grant, worth ig> to 
£20 million for Great Britain in 
the present financial year, and 
the Rural Transport Develop- 
ment Fund, worth £1 million m 
England this year, with addi- 
tional amounts fra Wales and 
Scotland, had contributed to 

that good result and to a number 
of innovative rural services. 

Mr Edward Loyden (Liverpool, 
Garston, Lab) asked what 
representations he had received 
from the trade muons covering 
passenger transport, about the 
effects of the Transport Act 
198S on bus services. 

Mr Mitchell: I have received a 
n umb er of representations. 
Among the points 1 have made 
in reply has been that local bus 
services were in iong-nm decline 





The Attorney General is having 
factual inquiries made before a 
final decision is made on die 
institution of proceedings, for 
contempt of court arising out of 
the Panorama libel case. Sir 
Michael Havers, Attorney Gen- 
eral, said during Commons 

before the .implementation of I question time. 

tiie Transport Act 1985, and I Mr Alfred Dubs (Battersea, Lab) 

that in the past 10 years, 
employment in the bos and 
coach industry as a whole had 
fiffien by some 22 per cent 
About 21L000 jobs had been 
lost in that period. The Trans- 
port Act gave the bus industry 
new opportunities to break out 
of its spiral of decline and there 
was every reason to believe that 
in most oftbe country, it would 
succeed in doing so. 

Mrs Bottomfey: T mmel will on LLL 

help North. _ _ _ . . 

Tire European Communities 
not been asked to see tire staff (Amendment) Bin cleared its 

Rebel peers defeated 
on EEC unity Bill 

The European Communities The Bill is the result of a 
(Amendment) Bin cleared its summit agreement to speed up 
last hurdle in the House of EEC decision-making and open 

Lords last night , opening the 
way for closer unity between 
EEC member states. 

Rebel peers accepted defeat in 
their struggle against the mea- 
sure, which they believe weak- 
ens Britain’s sovereignty, and it 
was given a third reading with- 
out a vote. It will receive royal 

ever taken place in the history of I assent later this week. 

the BAA. 

Beyond that, the letter of tire 
chairman of BAA to the staff on 
July 28 did indicate the extent to 
which there had been fiiO and 
total consultation. 

But I will be delighted to see 
tire staff if there are any matters 
they wish to see me about 
Mr Anthony Steen (South 
Hams, Q said that when Mr 
Moore met the BAA chairman 
he should remind him that it 
was tire Government's policy to 
practise competition and that 
competition meant competition 
between British Airways and 
other airlines which were in- 
dependent and that it was not 
policy to allow BAA to practise 
unfair competition 
Mr Moore: 1 am sure the 
chairman is aware of the . 
Government's commitment to 
competition policy. 

Lord Denning, the former 
Master ofthe Rolls, bad led the 
revolt on the grounds that it 
endangered the sovereignity of 
the Queen and the British courts 
while handing over more power 
to European institutions. 

But last night he said he 
accepted tire “political reality” 
that it would get on tire statute 
book and instead urged Britain 
to go into Europe with vigour 
and enthusiasm. He said he had 
shed his wig and gown fra a 
politician’s robe. 

“We should give every in- 
ducement and encouragement 
fin- our best people to go there”, 
be argued. “It is inclined to be 
regarded as a backwater and 
people do not want to go there in 
case they lose opportunities 
here. That must be altered. 

“Do not let us be isolationist 
any more". 

up the internal market. It will 
mean that more decisions will 
be taken by majority voting 
instead of having to be unani- 
mous. Ministers insist, how- 
ever, tint they will still be able 
to block decisions which seri- 
ously damage the national 

In spite of its effects on the 
constitution, it is only three 
pages long and a guillotine kept 
debate in tire Commons to the 
bare minimum. 

Ten rebel Conservative MPs 
voted against it at second read- 
ing, but it was in tire Lords that 
it met with strong opposition 
from a group of Labour, In- 
dependent and Conservative 

Lady Young, the Foreign 
Office Minister, aigned last 
night that it was a practical 
response to the needs ofthe EEC 
in the 1980s. 

It did not detract from the 
powers ofthe British Parliament 
or create new powers, she said. 

But several peers pointed out 
that all-party select committees 
of . both Houses bad reported , 
that tire Bill would weaken 1 
Britain’s sovereignity. j 

had asked whether the Attorney 
General had yet made a decision 
about possible proceedings - for 
contempt in relation to . the 
publication by some of tire 
media of premature repor t s 
concerning an out-of-court 
settlement in the BBC libel case. 
Sir Michael Havas: . Since tire 
conclusion of the proceedings I 
have received a letter from tire 
trial judge setting out the aspects 
of tire media coverage which 
caused him concern. 

Officials have procured co- 
pies of the relevant material: 
Mr Dubs: There -are many 
disturbing features about tire 
case (Labour cfaeen). . Indeed, 
there is a widespread sense of 
disquiet both about media- 
coverage and about many other 
aspects. Will the Attorney Gen- 
eral look into the circumstances 
Sir Michael Havas said the 
original question had concerned 
media coverage. Even before he 
received the judge’s letter^ he 
had already asked fra inquiries 
to be started. - 

Mr David Ashby (North West 
Leicestershire, C): Has he heard 
the new phrase to “Ruaorama" 
somebody. There was -no 
intimidation of witnesses, but 
the BBC had a hopeless case. 
They are trying to “Panorama” 
their own set-up. 

Sir Michael Havas: If there is 
any evidence of intimidation of 
witnesses L wish it could be 
made available. 

Mr GunpheB-Savours (Work- 
ington, Lab): Mr Christopher 
Hayward, of Dorset County 
COuncfl, was nobbled by an 
official of Conservative Central 
Office: There is a tape in 
existence which will prove that 
It wifi inevitably surface, and 
when it does, we shall look to 
the Attorney General to ensure 
that there are prosecutions. 

Sir Michael Haros: He is yet 
again using privilege to make 
allegations of which be has no 
evidence of any kind. 

Go wnmm t uujoiity. 68, aad 
the Garvenaeat amendment was 
anted to, 

Mr Jehu Patten, Mnder for 
Hwdag, Urban Affairs and 
Constrnctfen, moving that the 
House should disagree with the 
LflSdS »vi « i m I"—I | . that 
seme puts anachcd of 
dfocriumatioa on ponds of 
age. He never expected- to have 
to accuse the Lords of ageism, to 
least in part if not in whole. . 

Undo the idu introd u ced in 
1984, it was open to landlords to 
apply to the Secretary of State to 
have a house or; flat exempted 
from the ifoht to buy if they 
co ns i de red a particularly srifc- 
able far the elderly and it was let 
for occupation either by a pen- 
sioner or a physically disabled 

Against that background the 
Lords amendment would sim- 
plify tire test of “particular 
suitability’ ’ which had to be 
satisfied before a house could be 
exempted from the right to buy. 
It mtdd also take away the 
Secretary of State's jaiafictMe 
and leave de ds fans on uxe mp - 
tion to the la n d lords th u— e l i ea. 

The' Government corid not 
accept that the dec is ion on 
exemption from the right to buy 
s!a«UM be left to bssSs^MsssI 
landlords. The soggestisn in the 
Lords was that that would have 
the advantage of giving the 
carats and not the wwmwt 

# Decision cannot be 
left to individual 
landlord 9 

and V** authorities, indhdfag his 

i Government has 
previously acted in 
bad faith 9 

own, to undermine the right to 
boy, he corid understand tire 
minister’s reluctance to pw 
them too much p ow er. But the 
Lords amendment was a reason- 
able c ompromi se in that tire 
initial dedsiosf would Be witirthe 
load authority -and that tint 
would then be challengeable fa 
-tire courts. 

Mr Allan Roberts (Boetie, Lab) 
anti a lth ough public opia- 
ion generally supported the right 
to bra, surveys showed that most 
people of retirement age wtirid 
rather rent than be owner- 

Local authorities should be 
nMe to protect their homing 
stock so that when elderfy 
people needed a bmqpdow or 
she l tered housing it could be 
offered to them. The right to rent 
was as faqmriaitt as the right to 

There was p otential for abuse 
oftbe system because relatives 
coaid be involved in tiie pur- 
chase of a home for elderly 
rel a tives with the inte n ti o u of 
acqehfag that property for 
themselves once die relative tied 
or had to be moved because of 

“One of the things we ought to 

do, especially for the eMcriy who 

have lived ati then fives in 
council housing, is to omsldrr 
the concept of rent-free 

■ ■■ -■■■■ ■■ . ...i occnpatim.^ 

the find derision on questions cf Mr Allen McKay (Barnsley 

e o c empoon . 

That was rather a puzzltog 
assertion. Deddov taken by 
the Secretory of State under tire 
present arrangements woe snb- 

West and Pdristooe, Lab) said 
tire aged person's dwttBtag was 
there for a specffic pm p ose . If it 
were parchasedrtbea when toe 
owner died^ the dweftfag became 

jert fa exactly the same way to part of the estate. 

the final jurisdiction of the 
coots. There was no real dif- 
ference fa this respect b e t w een 
what happened now and what 

Mr Fatten said the transferable 
discount scheme far tenants' 
applied tody to’ dweffings^ «x- 
ctoded firm the right to buy. 

Labour’s £2 

fears on Howarth 

tunnel ®y Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 

By Martin Fletcher ^ 

Political Reporter 

The Government feces for- imposed as candidate on the 
Liter severe embarrassment Mflitant-inflnenced Knowsley 
over its prestige channel North local party for next 
project tomorrow when at week's by-election declared 
least two, and possibly three, himself yesterday to be imper- 
of the nine-man select vioas to “thuggish mis- 
comraitiee that has been behaviour” at nw«rthigs of 
examining the Channel Tun- local actings, 
nel Bill will publicly dissent “Nobody likes people who 
from its findings. misbehave f ' ggisliiy at meet- 

Unless a last-minute com- fags. I am quite capable iff 
promise can be found at day- looking after aaysdf in that 
long private meetings today, situation,” he said, 
the Labour MPs Mr Nick Mr Howarth, who was 
Raynsfond (Fulham) and Mr fenced cm the Labour-held seat 
Terry Lewis (Worsley) will by the party’s rating national 
claim that tiie crucial question executive committee, was 
ofthe twiners safety has been speaking after the Knowsley 
brushed under the carpet and North executive ewnmitte* 
that the committee's work has had unanimously r ef used to 
been rushed through at break- adopt him as its champion — a 
neck - speed . move that is Ifltdy to lead to 

They may or may not be their being disbanded, 
joined by a third Labour MP, He dismissed the vote as tbe 
Mr Allan Rogers. opinions of a small mino ri t y 

Discrediting tbe par- oat of touch with Labour 
liamcntary process has been supporters both local and 
one oftbe chief weapons ofthe n&tionaL 
tunnel's opponents, and the Mr Howard] co ntras ted tbe 
Eurotunnel consortium, vote token by up to 20 people 
which last week had immense who “rdigionsly attend meet- 
difficulty raising even fags and pass all wi*«"w of 
£206 million towards the resolutions of i n te r es t to 
£4.7 billion project badly themselves” with the 60 peo- 
nceds lo avoid further adverse pie out campaigning for him 
publicity. on Sunday. 

The draft report is under- “They are a small minority 
stood to make only a passing of people even within the 
reference to the tunnel's Labour Party. They have tire 

total dis»prov®l of tire 

Knowsley North by-election 

Howarth brushes off ‘thugs’ 


executive committee, was 
speaking after tbe Knowsley 
North executive committee 
had uLY urimously refused to 
adopt him as its champion — a 
move that is Hkdy to lead to 
their bring disbanded. 

He dismissed the vote as the 
opiums of a small minority 
out of touch with Labour 
supporters both local and 

Mr Howard] contrasted tbe 
vote token by up to 20 people 
who “rdigionsly attend meet- 
ings and pass all manner of 
resolutions of i n te r es t to 
themselves” with tiie 60 peo- 
ple out campaigning far him 
on Sunday. 

Dead cat presents 
a voting problem 

By Otar Political Reporter 

Tories to I priate for him tour 

. . _ - m Glenarthra, Minis 

see Jopling 
on farms 

would be helped if nogfabours 
would - took for warning signs 
because tire organization existed 
to. that b rip and protec- 

tion were provided, Lady 
Thunpfautos, Under-Secretary 
of StotfTfor Health and Social 
Security, said' in tire House erf 

Asswrrtra a question by Lady 
Faithfull (Q on what reforms 
the Government proposed to 
bdp such children. Lady 
TtmapfagtnasaidrThe Govern- 
ment is very concerned about 
children who are the victims of 
cruelty and abuse and is engaged 
in a substantial prog ramm e of 
re form . 

The Go vern ment is preparing 
proposals for a major recasting 
of child-care tew, which will be 
pdbfisbed in a White Paper, and 
simultaneously it is continuing 
its programme to help pro- 
fessionals to raise sheir stan- 
dards in child care by en- 
couraging teaming , and IS . 
issuing eroddihes oh inter- 
agency working in child-abuse 
eases, on placing the driki in 
care at tome and oc reviews of 
children in care. 

Lady Faithfidb Social services « 
departments are responsible in 
law: for cases, yet they alone . 
cannm carry the fiffi responsibil- 
ity and must be. supported by 
and work with education 
dep ar tme n t s , ' police, health 
arid voluntary 


The public wish to help and 
need to hetp- Woald it not be 
wise for meetings to be held, 
perhaps in every county, where 
the public can be informed of 
the problem, where they can be 
told where to refer cases and 
how to hrip neighbours in 
trouble and fa need.? 

Lady Trma pfagftw I agree that 
neighbours and friends can be of 
great hdpL Tbe Government 
believes that more can be done ' 
loraHy gad ratio nall y. 

' Later Lady TYnmp&r ^oa said 
that as put of management 
responsibilities, local authori- 
ties should monitor the im- 
piemonation of lessons learnt 
from intfividual cases. 

The re were no national statis- 
tics on child abuse available, bat 
more cases of diild sexual abuse 
were co min g to tight because of 
increasing awareness of the 
pro blem and alertness by pro- 
feuional staff 

“More could be done”, she 
said. “Mud is being done but 
unfortunately, in - an imperfect 
world, we anO never wiiwiirate 
child abuse. We must encourage 
and help parents to care prop- 
erty Bar mar children and seek 
hrip when they need fa 
- “We must encourage those in 
contact yridtdkddren to look for 
tirc signs of abuse- The organiza- 
tion does exist to ensure , help 

and protection are provided." 
Lorif Emote (Lab* We will be 
tookmgfonvort anxiously to tbe 
proposals to be made for 
changes m legislation. It maybe 
that while we are feeing a crisis 
in terms of numbers andhomns 
of sexual abuse, in many cases it 
is things that have been going on 
unknown for many years which 
are now becoming known. 

Lady Trnmpfagtm: Legislation 
will be- introduced as soon as 
time can be found in tbe 
p ar l iamen tary timetable. 

In October a grant was an- 
nounced totalling £400,000 to 
help to combat child _ sexual 
abuse, to be spent on setting op 
training projects - with pro- 
fessional staff and telephone 
counselling services, rate Of 
which is me Tecendy launched 
ChOd Line programme. . 

Times ban 
by minister 

Although Mr Malcolm Rifkmd, 
Secretary of State for Scotland, 
deplored the decision of some 
local authorities to ban News 
International publications, 
including The Times, from its 
pribhc libraries he had con- 
cluded it would not be appro- 
priate for him to intervene, Lad 
Gfcnartba, Minister of State, 
Scottish Office, said a written 

Mr Howarth. facing battles on all sides. 

community who don’t Eke 

mgs and pass all manner of But Mr David Alton, MP 
resolutions of interest to for Moss lev Edge, Liverpool 
themselves” with the 60 peo- and Liberal Chief Whip, who 
pie out campaigning for him was SHpportfag Miss Rose- 
9® 1 Sjtafay- ntary Cooper, aged 35, his 

They are a small minority party's candidate, dismissed 
of people even within ti» Mr Howarth as a “lame duck” 
Party. They have tiie candidate and predicted 


bis energies would be ex- 

pended on “fateniicene war- 
fare” if he were elected. 

Mr Alton claimed that the 
local Labour Party was sewing 
the seeds of Mr Howarth's 
destruction by its derision not 
to adopt him. 

Mr Howarth countered by 
saying that he wmdd con- 
centrate on representfag his 
constituents at Westminster 

A dead cat hurled into his 
garden and the prospect of a 
hefty rales demand on his 
ever-extending bungalow 
present Mr William Wright 
with a ticklish political 

Should he abandon his La- 
bour roots turn a deaf ear to 
his wife’s pleadings on behalf 
of the Alliance and vote Tory? 

Yesterday, this 58-year-old 
taxi driver and father of five 
from Kirkby, the scene of next 
week's Knowsley North by- 
election, was considering his 
fast diminishing options as he 
became a central figure in tbe 
battle for the Labour-held 
Merseyside seat. 

Hie dead cat, dirty grey and 
wrapped in a polythene bag, 
emanated from the car park of 
the Kirkby Liberal Club, 
which adjoins his suburban 
estate — a missive not cal- 
culated to raise the party’s 
standing in Mr Wright's al- 
ready jaundiced eyes. 

Other communications, 
also said to stem from the 
Liberal car park, include the 
noise of late nighi revelry, a 
regular stream of beer cans 
accounting for a greenhouse, 
an infestation of vermin and 
' litter blown through the 
railings dividing tbe two 

With the aid of a nei- 
ghbourly vicar, Mr Wright 

by children among the plastic 
sacks in which the liberals 
dispose of their rubbish. 

Yesterday, standing at the 
end of his muddy plot at 23 
Pitsmead Road, Mr Wright 
said he had protested to the 
managers of me chib about the 
noise and tire mess. 

“It’s a health hazard. All Tm 
seeking is they keep it tidy™ I 
think someone should drop a 
bomb on it and blow it away.” 

But Labour, with its 
commitment to .high rates, is 
no more attractive a prospect 
now that ' the extension is 
£2,000 over budget and still 

The rate of the Wright vote 
was first raised by Mr Jack 
Straw, the Labour MP for 
Blackburn, who is minding 
Mr George Howarth; tbe 
Walworth Road candidate in. 
this Militant-dominated seat 

“He assured me he was 
voting Labour”. Mr Straw 
announced as he embarked on 
■his lighthearted- ^attempt to 
torpedo a potential liberal 
revrvaL - 

Mr David Alton, MP for 
Mosstey Edge,. Liverpool, also 
on the campaign trail, accused 
Mr Straw of “clutching at 

“I think it seems a red 
herring rather than a dead cat 
And 1 think this shows just 
what a dead loss the Labour 

By Oar Political Reporter 

Senior , Conservative MPs 
are to 'meet Mr Michael 
Jopling. the agriculture min- 
ister, today to demand urgent 
action to protea'British finn- 

He had received a request to . 
intervene, but ■ the statutory 
position in Scotland differed 
from that in En gland 
News International coukl 
seek a judicial remedy if it 
believed that tiie authorities 
concerned were fa breach of 
their sta tut ory obfoations: But 
Mr Rifkmd hoped that what «as 
essentially a miffluided potitical 
decision would bexxarected by 

eraagunst . the dictates of the good sense of the authorities 
Brussels. , . \ . concerned. ‘ 

. The delegation will be led ^ 1—-~- — — 

by Sir Peter Mills, chairman of 'T' ' SQ/ _____ 

the Conservative backbench 1 OD J /O Paj' 
agriculture committee, who 

said yesterday that be was ' X1ZDU laX 

“very concerned"^ about fly The lop 5 per cent of taxpayers 

consequences for British, agpr . (counting a marriwrf couple as 
culture of the common agri- one) were expected to pay about 
cultural policy : price-fixing £12 bOHon. in income tax m 
agreeme nt rearmed this spring. 1986-87,^ Mr Norman Lamost, 
“It is hitting certafa sectors Ffoancal Seogcny to the Trea- 
of the from mg community ^^maOfflt^onswnttm 

very hard indeed”,, he TThfeber rates of tax woe 
c a ? n ed - increased by 10. parxanage 

In particular they will com- points and 2Q percentage points, 
p lain about ' Brussels*, 'reluo they would pay additional tax of 
tanceto allow a devaluation of fLJfajjfou and £23 tnffioh, 

Ireland has be?n a*to wed-to allowance.' for : possible 
devalue .the jami, Insb farm- behaviooral - changes which 
ers are.emoying a.£tSLsub- might result from 
sidy a beef carcass which gives higher rates. They also assumed 
them ah enonnous advantage 00 change to the base rate of 
' - tax. 

Affiance choice Parliament today 

traw or “clutching at A- solicitor. Mr Sumal For- Commons (230): Puttie Otde 

v -l * ' - . nai— ? — 

nasdo, has been selected to 
fight the Conservative-held 

marginal constituency of Not- 
tingham North for the SDP- 

Coram ons Pnblic Order 

Bfll and Housing (Scotland) Bflt 
Lords amendmems. Motion on 
Channrt T onne! Wfl, • . 

lords (230): Housjfag andPtan- 
mng. Bill, . Commons ameod- 

often has to douse fires started campaign is at the moment, j general election. 

r vo mhw ib s hhww 

Liberaj affiance at the next I mems. Deacons (Ordination of 

Women) Measure.' 

TV shows accused 
of stereotyping 
Asians and blacks 

' By Jonathan Milter, Media Correspondent 

- : '^± ‘; 5, K 




■ : ‘^S 

- r- ^ 


Public- health' waiters yes-, 
terday started , tests on 'the 
7,000 residents tf Storehouse, 
Gloucester, inthe most com-* 
r prebensive menmghis re- 
search project yfet mounted. 

For "the past two years 
Stonehonsehas been the main 
focus of the meningitis out- 
break in fee Stroud area, and. 
10 out of its 12 cases have 
occurred on the Park boasing 
estate, with a population of 
only 2,000. . 

by the -Department of Health 
and Social Security to the 
extent of £57,000, which will 
pay - for throat swabs mid 

p es will be analysed at public 
btalth laboratories in Glou- 
cester, Bristol, Hereford and 

- i.V'it 

' 1 • JTJ**?-- - 
- . - .. V.. 


V *£*£ 


: ts mv 

<W - • 

1 vw -i 

■mtr .. 
#* = ►S.- 
»«*** -» 
r «Mfcrlisr- 
v* * ; 

>*** **> 

oiiw't • - i*v 

•***- • r - 
■ *> 

■H *w -nv. 
i* -iw 


•*r*~ v- i'y 

#■*» ••*»• -■ 

About £20,000 has been 
raised locally by the Men- 
ingitis Trust to pay for saliva 
testing because researchers at 
Edinburgh . University, who 
suspect that people who do 
not secrete blood group sub- 
stances in their saliva axe 
more prone to develop fee 

The sample collections win 
take a fortnight, with up to 30 
staff working in fee evenings 
and on Saturdays, T^be sam- 

Members of fee Meningitis 
Trust have had letters' and 
appointment cards delivered 
to every home m Storehouse. 

The project co-oifenaion; 
are emphasizing; that white fee 
research will ■ not carry per- 
sonal benefits, it is important 
that as many people ns pos- 
able should give samples for 
fee research to yield the best 

Dr Gareth Leyschon, direc- 
tor of community mediriiy in 
fee Gloucester health district, 
said feat the outbreak in 
Strohd Was not nnnywa ^ but 
reverted to a. situation ^ 
was commonplace 20 years 




V* ' *• 5.v •• ■ 

A particular comphcalian is 
that fee disease ^principally 
of the B15R strain, identified 
only in 1978, which seems 
capable of sustaining out- 
breaks for longer - than other 

It is also seems to attack 
teenagers and young adults 

Dr Smart stating the 

rather than young children. 

Dr lames Stuart, senior 
registrar in comm unity nmdi- 
rine. said feat throat swabs 
would be used to identity 
carriers of meningitis germs, 
and blood tests - would be 
examined for ..evidence of 

prelect wife DankHe Smith, aged 18 months, and her parents (Photograph: Ros Drinkwater). 

The sample collections take 
less than five min utes, and all 
six schools in the village are to 
be visited by researchers. 

There have been 54 cases of 
meningitis in fee Strand area 
since 1981, and three deaths, 
of which one was in 
Stonehouse. But Dr Stuart 

«pM fern there were epidemics 
involving similar numbers of 
cases, though spread among a 
lager population, in Plym- 
outh and on Merseyside: 

“It has been said feat the 
incidents of meningitis 
around Stroud is 14 times the 
national average,*’ he added. 

“But that is not a very 
meaningful figure because na- 
tionally as many as half the 
cases may go mmotified.” 

The Meningitis Trust has 
just achieved charitable sta- 
tus, and now sees itself as a 
national camp ai g n ft gamsf 

Britain’s television broad- 
casters are continuing to put 
out programmes feat stereo- 
type blades and other minority 
groups, according to a study to 
be published later this month 
by the Com mission on Racial 

The study says that while 
pro g r es s has been made to 
reflect cm television fee multi- 
ethnic nature of British soci- 
ety, both fee BBC and the 
independent companies are 
still broadcasting programmes 
containing unflattering por- 
trayals of minorities, and 
other programmes that ignore 
minorities altogether. 

Mr Peter Newsam, chair- 
man of the commission, said 
feat British television pro- 
grammes comp a re unfav- 
ourably with many made in 
fee United States, which show 
a higher proportion of minor- 
ities m leading and positive 

Two of fee worst British 
programmes for negative 
stereotyping are In Sickness 
and In Health on BBC1 and 
Tandoori Nights on Ch a nnel 
4, Mr Newsam said. 

Tandoori Nights “should 
have been an ideal opportu- 
nity to introduce Asian hu- 
mour, but instead it is full of 
negative stereotypes,” Mr 
Newsam said. He added that 
In Sickness and In Health 

presents a man wife for- 

midaWe racist views. 

“The intention is to ridicule 
those views, because they are 
so extreme, but the evidence is 
feat programmes of this kind 
reinforce the beliefs of many 
people. These programmes are 
not watched exclusively by 
liberal-minded people.” 

Many other programmes 
portray Wads people m subser- 
vient roles, “bringing in trays 
or falling about,” Mr Newsam 

Other programmes ignore 
minorities altogether, he said. 
’Ado Alb, the BBC l comedy 
series about fee Second World 
War, leaves fee impresses 
feat no minorincs took part in 
fee conflict 

But, Mr Newsam said, some 
programmes have been out- 
standing in portraying minor- 
ities positively. 

Among them are Brookside. 

the Channel 4 soap opera with 
many good parts for Afio- 

Caribbeans, and the adapta- 
tion of John Synge’s Playboy 
of the Western World, which 
was presented as Playboy oj 
the West Indies, also wife 
Afro-Ctribbean actors. 

Mr Newsam welcomed fee 
statement by Mr Bill Cotton, 
manag in g director of BBC 
Television, promising a 
greater effort to hire black 
people as programme present- 
ers and managers. 

-. - . 

Visitors give over 
£400,000 to V&A 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 
A weekly spectacle of puz- Attendances had dropped 

ded tourists, milling outside 
fee locked doors of the Vic- 
toria and Albert Museum in 
London may be drawing to a 

The museum has been' 
dosed to fee public oh Fridays 
for almost a decade, because 
of staff cuts imposed by fee 
Government of the day, but a 
voluntary donations scheme 
has paved the way far reinstat- 
ing a seven-day service next 

Lord Carrington, chairman 
of the board, said yesterday 
feat fee move was one of 
several improvements made 
possible by an enoomaging 
response to the donations 
scheme. Visitors had contrib- 
uted more foaa£4OO,OO0 since 
it was ihtrodndjtixycar ago, 
for an oqjerkneatal Hwo^ear 
period. \\ * 

by more than 40 percent; but 
they were expected to recover 
gradually. Lord Carrington 
defended the controversial 
scheme, saying fee trnstees 
hyi no int ention of mtrodne-' 
ing compulsory charges. 

^e bdieve Very strongly 
is free admission. Nobody is 
compelled to pay, nobody is 
bamed or petered, or made 
to fed a leper if fepy do not 
pay. I don't think we've got 
anything to be ashamed o£” 
Statistics issued by the .mu- 
seum showed feat just oyer 
half of fee visitors in foe past 
year .had made donations. 
Those from overseas were by. 
for fee most geiKamts. 

Asked. abotA^Ijsboar Party 
opposition" tp JndnwsssioB 
•LosfejOuraagtoA ex- 
keimaan; abbnT 
rg pefljpteffom mak- 

i^ A , v a. 

. f >- VVL A r 


7"'-' f : j- 



ydhinltiijr;. contribitions: 

* • % '. V . • v ; * 

. ' *. #" - 1 -i/V 

The additional . revenue; 
would also, he^p to jwoduce 
better signposting in fee mu- 
seum. Manv visititfShadeom- 

plamed of gett^'lQstin. fee 
complex of buildings, .yfoidi 
covers 12 acre& aod 7 contains 
seven miles of gdleiy space. r 





'• W*: 

* • . r-' Vh ’ ' ' 

-^vX- - 

. •• VX 

•X'' » ‘A**..' 

• • X V--- <r - '.-v- 


- •- .*yf 

\ ^ •• -*i 

% • • 

I ass 




In a matter of 
quoted grou 


100 arti 

■ s .*\ 


-T*wy Douwueo, * 

te* businesses 


o. Virgin is a multi 
roup, operating In 17 
some 1600 staff. And 
public. If you’d like to 

01-200 0200 



■ m . - aide c 


(As you suspected, the cost of sending a Telex is huge.) 

In a recent research programme, 104 businessmen 
were asked the six million dollar question. 

Exactly how much does it cost to send a local Telex 
of approximately 200 words, direct from your own 
machine, anytime day or night? 

While around a quarter of the group vastly over- 
estimated (“£150?", “£2.40?': “Well, its a second 
mortgage job, isnT it?"), nigh on half couldn’t even begin 

to hazard a guess. Hardly surprising then, that when 
the true cost was revealed, 85 per cent just about fell 
off their chair. 

Foryour Telex information pack, call us free of charge 
on 0800 400 466 (24 hrs) or return the coupon. 

Because over-estimating the cost of a Telex can be 
a very expensive business. 

Get on in business. Get oh the Telex. 

| Send to: British Telecom Telex. FREEPOST BS 3333, Bristol BS1 4Yp • 72 f* 

I (Telex 449217, BT TANG). : 


Type of business ' ' • ! ’ 

Do you have a Telex? YesCJ No jj’ 
✓As appropriate.: 

The cost quoted excludes VKl Up is the cost of sending a local 3 minute direct-dialled cafl from yojw own T#ex. For example, content approximately equivalent to an M typed letter 0T2OQ words, 

' ' • • % ■ 

'/ ’f ■; .. ■ / • ; 




'.K "~ . 

)iS ■ 
.y*. . 

% '■ 


* ik- 
- %■■■■: 


the man into 


Family in 
race row 

personnel policies and atti- 
tudes towards women actively 
(discourage them from.devet- 
opingi careers, an ^equal 
opportunities survey pab-* 

The suryjcyfmyt^ymg 1 ,200 i 
people m--sewm : insurance 
gon* pOTiies ^fcmducted by - , 
t the pepp^W^Js part of 
the Wo m&.-ifi ..Insurance ‘ 
project wMch.hasrbicen sup- 
ported byit^Mmirpower Sec- . 
vkes 1 Conahatssion . and an ~ 
industry ‘stewing , group or 
senior mas^gB$s and trade . 
unionists, y • 

Middle & ^emor man-- 
agers, who potentially affect . 
women’s career • .'develop- -. 1 . 
meats, are mare likely to hold . 
t raditi onal and stereotyped 
views of women at work. . 

One third of senior man-, 
agere surveyed believe that 
women’s inherent characteris- 
tics mean that few are suitable 
for management jobs. . . 

“For every good lady you 
get, when you get down to the 
nitty gritty they have diff- 
iculty, one senior m an ager 
said. ■ 

Middle and senior man- 
agers are also particularly 
£ likely to believe that most 
women are not interested in a 
career. - . . _ 

“I think men. are basically 
more: ambitious. Girls at 
lower, levels are c o ntent to 
have a dear desk. Men want 
something a bit better. Men 
are always poshing a bit 
harder,” another senior man- 

But there are still attitudes 
that make it harder for women 
to win promotion- “Senior 
ma na ymg nt want-' a certain 
type of person with asgresrivf 
direction; this excludes fe 
mates,” one of the men said.' 

Thereis a widespread bdfefi 
again particillgrfy among nrak 
die and senior, managers, that 
vycsnen with young chfldnsn 
should not work outside the 
home. Knot attractive that 
a young woman with a young 
. child shouM bem work all the 
-time. Ido thmk that there’s a 
time that a family -is' more 
^important than a job; for 
.-.society,” ■ a senior m ana ge r 

h.. >- >.'«"«■ . *** 


• .fT S''-, 

:: , There is a dubious legality 
around some Of the practices 
concerning maternity leave. 
Most companies apparently 
viewed it as a break m service. 
“The company pays Bp-ser- 
vice to maternity leave. Tech- 
nically I had to resign ~ I was 
. never offered the chance of 
keeping my job open,” one 
woman said. 

There are also fears about 
promoting women, on the 
ground that they might leave 
to have babies. “I was added if 
I was a career women or rf I 
was going to have a unruly 
.one woman said. 

Questions such as this are 
nmtentiaUv illegal under the 

•'5 S 

B*??, *v 

they are being asked equally of 

men. “I don’t think anybody 
would acknowledge they’re 
discriminating,” one middle 

The women surveyed did 
not agree: 74 per edit said it 

“But I don’t think any 




T< | LTj 


1^ vlii 



1* / . *• 

■ > Ml" 1 

in lavatory 

- A middle-aged man from 
BaHbury. Ox&risliire, re* 

coved a firanhned-sdcrfS-' when a 
WmA tare apart die dstera off 
ml Oxford pabfie lavatory. 

Bfteckckd every pahtfc 
lavatory tofoe. ^dfracaye 
od»er v e^#^ -tad: 

the rockets had been jepvi **-— 
But after complaints that 
“hooligans” were letting them 
off in the streets, trading 

3 ^Cmh m llprwt filT- 

ther safisty tests wrnen snow~ 

that high winds could blow the 
WTdaUng Moon TraveDer off 

W “\E£ are voluntarily with- 
drawing this rocket,” stud Mr 
Nigel. Jackson, ^esmanager- 
“We are also catting fora total 
ban on the sales . of mini 
rockets next year.” 

Chamberlain, he** *■ . 

CTO, said: “ft appears 8® be 
concerted attempt to^»**j“ 
exptoskm tart we |Wt 
know the motive. Wt-'-Ara J 
know if it wai ■* PJ* 

One theory foe pjH» jje 

investigating was .that Ae 

bomb was an attack « 

' Police seated off foe, 
annrt the pabfie toffet Work 
at flie Cowley shopping centre 
and diverted traffic. 

A sMfrpMMQ said: “All foe 
indications are that foe.devjfce 

was ptented in foe toilrt^to be 

detonated by the fort po*P 
to go into the cohide - 

firearms in' crime:. 2 

The question 

mfireannssupptoti*n^ SK^‘raEmd is hence 
in getting guns to available The 

werrui sporongiwwj* '“r-. 
accusedofa cavalier a tfflpde 
Swarfs safety and senmtM 

i^ons, ■* 

fideni safeguards exist. 

Indeed police may isfiise a 
ipoccu anyone 

would cnaamsw pp 
The djief constable 

-_rr_e_j ™,vr»Hran1S 


simy. oui-M ~ j 

to them bdngto ^oundin 

bams and houses wterejhey 
are easy targets for burglars. 
The'- British --Rdd Sports 

- - -■ ipw pm nts 

tk T^TpfcFfedamkm says 

JS<Sobby tas the «»■ 

that canes the fish t® 

A Bengali femily were “ra- 
cially harassed” by their white 
neighbours for Bve years, a 
court was told yesterday. 

Now Mrs Mans Hawkins 

and her two sons may kwe 

their home if a Labou^ccm- 
trotted council wins its battle 
to repossess, their top floor 

Camden, council claims Vte 
Hawkins’s sous have taciaDy 
harassed- Mr Abdul Ah, his 
wife and six children, since the 
Alis inoved to the tower] block 
on the TybakT Close Estate, 
HoStiom, caitral I^ndOTL 
Mr William Patou, for 
- Camden council, told 
GeikenweU County Court 
that the harasrtnem consisted 
. of spining*- swan** “ 
breaking the windows of the 
• Bengali •. fomDy’s flm m 

BJemimdfoury,:Dobey StreeL 
Mr Ali^ speaking through an 
iDterpreter, • told foe courn 
“Xhcy called me bad name 
like ‘black baflanT and ‘Paki 
and they spat at me. 

“I was in the bathroom one 
time and Frank Hawkins and 
some of his friends banged on 
the door and Frank smashed 
the windows. I begged tom 
again and again not to. 

Mrs Hawkins feces two 
other summonses for 

• • • • • ' — me. — a> '- ■•■"• £138.38p teat arrears 

- • • def ying an earlier court order 

• ' .V.v . •- ■ “ w -- '-■ ' * ■ ^ banning her mongrel dog from 

dca!er ’ k "® W th TS at hearing continues 
afeeals- (Plwtograpto John Kogera) today. 





'• '• *JjJ& 


nercons fwimout mvoiymg 

o^)before giving as the two matters were not 
a ranee of other restrictions fa^ed. - . 

exists wprotect the The National Ftotoers’Um- 

^ ^^“Grea^ contiols^ 
into the wrot«. hands, . Mt tne reasonable nor jm- 

Police Federattojk^to*^' tified by foe fecte. Very few 
J^ents rank-fimd-^ officers, ^ ^ t^en -mtap- 

avs it is not enough- . paries and it is more likdy 

Id .particular, lhe ^5 < Ste guns . used in ermie ^ 

cem imported mto foe country by 

which entities the holder man ^ oimmal fraternity, 
unlimited number 01 wca_ fhe nse of shotguns. m 

"ft cm* -52*5 1 

whether there such asm cranes of 

presumption foe case, of foe 

a certificate, ^mbtf-femihr massacre: But 

ment of peoonal account ^a 

evdeRi Of meeting - M 1 *® 6 4im <ur nf mines 


If you want to buy a life assurance policy, here are 

a few words of advice. - 

Financial quotes only give some idea of how wen 
an insurance company will invest your money. 

' You’d be far better off using quotes from inde- 
pendent sources to guide you. Q -.. 

Study any of these and you’ll find that Scottish 

Amicable is one of the best life assurance com- 
panies in Britain- 

We’ve got a terrific investment record. 

And unlike some of our competitors* weVe 
proved that we can provide great returns for all 
types of policy - whether they are endowments for 

mortgages, pensions or savings plans. 

We think you’ll be hard pressed to find a better 

life assurance company. 

And any independent financial adviser will 
probably tell you so. If you don’t believe everything 
you read in the papers. 

■' . #n SCOTTISH 

ami cable 



BBc.a B-d ?r &0 Be.* P&B'S . ETILIB. 




Senate seats the key 

Democrats look for 
lame-duck Reagan 

Fkum Michael Binyon, Washington 
Americans go to the polls Democrats may lose two 

today to elect a full Rouse of 
Representatives, 34 senators, 
36 governors and hundreds of 
state officials across the 

The key question is whether 
the Democrats will succeed in 
regaining control of the Sen- 
ate, enabling them to block 
much of President Reagan’s 
legislation and effectively 
turning him into a lame dock 
President in his final two 

But after a campaign which 
has been remarkable for its 
cost, triviality, mud-slinging 
and voter apathy, the Senate 
race is so dose tint neither 
party can be sure of victory. In 
many of die 13 key marginal 
states, the Republican and 
Democratic candidates are 
running nedc-and-neck, de- 
spite an all-out barnstorming 
through the country by Presi- 
dent Reagan, who is hoping to 
tip the balance in the 
Republicans' favour. 

At present, the Republicans 
have a majority of 53-47 in the 
Senate. The Democrats there- 
fore need a net gain of four 
seats. The polls show Repub- 
licans extremely vulnerable in 
at least six states — though tire 


But if as seems possible, 
both parties end up with 50 
seats each, Vice-President 
George Bush wfi] have to 

Ironically, tire key to tire 
Senate may lie in two of 
America’s most remote and 
least populated stales: tire two 
Dakotas. Republican Senator 
Mark Andrews, elected by a 

puts case 
to Pans 

Fran Diana Geddes 

spend most of tire next two landslide in North Dakota in 
years in the Senate casting his 1980, is now fi gh tin g fin- bis 
tfe-breakiiig vote. This would life against Mr Kent Conrad, 

who has capitalized on 
fit over tire firm 

Sefior Jorge Sabah*, the 
Argentine junior Minister for ' 
Foreign Affairs, arrived in 
Paris mi Saturday at tire rest 

To tire south, Mr Tom 
Daschle, tire Democrat who 
US MID-TERM was South Dakota’s lone 


James Abdnor, though the 
effectively ldD his hopes of low-key incumbent appears to 

camp ai g nin g fin the Repub- 
lican presdentid nomination. 

Of tire 34 Senate seats being 
contested, 22 are currently 
held by tire Republicans. Of 
these, at least nine are mar- 
ginal, and tire Democrats’ best 
hopes tie in Alabama, Idaho, 
North Carolina, North and 
South Dakota. 

President Reagan has made 

gre ecbes 

hectic week, and Jus also been 
to Colorado and California, 
two of tire four stales held by 
Democrats that appear most 
vulnerable to a Republican 

nndang ht 

have edged ahead in the pare 
few months. 

In North Carolina, the 
Republican Senator James 
BroyhiD, app oi nted only in 
June to fill the vacancy left by 
Senator John East’s 
appears slightly behind in the 
race with Mr Terry Sandford, 

a fo rmer popular liberal 

Democratic Governor. 

S m 


to explain PlesidexEt AHbn- 
s&fs position over*“the situa- 
tion provoked by the 
unilateral decision of foe Brit- 
ish Government to install an 
exclusive 150-mile zone 
ai -n i i n ri the Falkland Wands”. 

I The day after his arrival, 
Sefior Sabato flew to Geneva 
for meetings with Azgeotine 
Embassy officials. He is due to 
return to Paris today for talks 
with French foreign ministers, 
before flying on - to Italy, 
Holland, Belgium, West <3er- 

Mr John Kennedy Jr, son of the assassinated United States President, giving moral support in Baltimore, to his amsfn, 
Kathle e n Kennedy Townsend, daug hte r of the late Senator Robot Kennedy, who is wAg for Congress mMaryland. 

laxah, has retired, the Repub- meeting an ever stiffening . If the black vote turns out, 

Kc pfts seem in poor shape, challenge from tire younger . Congressman John Breaux 

Keans seem in poor shape. 
Their candidate, Mr James 

m m 

In neaiby Georgia, Senator Santini, is a former Democrat 
Mack Mattingly won by ohly who switched parties, and has 
two per cent in 1980, but is been trading behind Demo- 
bemg pressed by a liberal cratic Congressman Harry 
congressman, Mr Wyche Rfiid, despite strong interven- 
Fowler. And Anther sooth in tion by President Reagan. 

Hork £’ ISJ? -1 Ha * k fe In the North-West, there are 

one of only two women m the two otirer RepuMran mara- 

£2^ mals: Idah<*^meMr Stowe 
bdnnd Governor Robot Gra- Symms is neck-and-ireck with 

tJZFfc Democratic Governor John 
PT*! ** Evans, in one of the country’s 
health problems, she has been and most negative 

campaigns, and Washington, 
from both Mr Reagan and Mr wheresStor Slade Gordon 

**“*“... A appears to be holding off the 

. in Alabama, the Republican ctrnn tTr^iiptw 

meumbrat, Mr Jeremiah Den- from Mr^Bnx±Adam^a 

a fonner Democratic Secretary 


3 former Democrati 


lead over Congresrenan Ridh 
aid Shelby for most of the In tire Democratic maig- 
present campaign, the Demo- inals, the most attention is on 
crat is closing the gap. Colorado and California. In 

In Nevada, where President the fatter, the liberal Senator 
Reagan's old friend, Mr Paul Alan Cranston, who is 72, is 

Republican Congressman Ed 
Zschan, who has President 
Re agan's enthusiastic sup- 
port Mr Cranston appears 
vulnerable after 18 years in the 
Senate, and tire race is not 
only the nation's costliest but 
a Republican win in Mr 
Reagan's home state would be 
of enormous psychological 
importance to him and his 

In Qpforadoi Mr Gary 
Hart’s retirement has sparked 
a mean campaign between two 
congressmen at opposite ends 
of the political spectrum—Mr 
Tun Wirth, a liberal Demor 
crat, and Mr Ken Kramer, a 
conservative Republican. The 
race looks like a dead heat at 

In Louisiana, the Repub- 
licans have ran a rich but' 
inept campaign that may have 
mis of racism. 

Congressman John Breaux: 
seems set to beat Congress- 
man Henson Moore fire tire 
seatof former Senator Russell . 

And finally each party qan 
look forward to at least one 
almost, certain gain: for the 

of M difect democracy** referen- 
dmns, oir propositions. This 
year, there are 226 in 43 states, 
and include proposals to 
establish new , lotteries, shut 
down nuclear power plants, 
limit abortions, quarantine 
Aids victims, frT^ffraifw mari- 
juana fawsand declare Fn jfrrfi 

Republicans in Missouri, tire official state language; 
where former Governor Some of the propositions, 

Christopher Bonds will prob- 
ably beat Ms Harriet Woods 
fire Senator Thomas Eagle- 
ton's dd seat, and in Mary- 
land, where the feisty 




■bate o? 







ihcbease 0 

1 ski, will capture the firemer 
; Republican seat of Mr Charles 
Mathias, now being defended 
by Ms Linda Chavez. ' - 
- The nation's attention is on 
the Senate race. But in the 
. House of Representatives the 
Democrats are also likely to 
- increase the majority they 
* already hokL 

The RepuHicanv however, 
are pinning hopes of bag gains 
. on the state capitols around 
the nation, where 19 gov- 
ernors are retiring and a 
record of nine, women can- 
didates are running fire office. 

The Republicans, have 
strong hopes of upsetting the 
34-16 balance the Democrats 
hold around tire country, es- 
pecially in the West where 
there are a number of Demo- 
cratic governors in strongly 
Republican country. Big gams 
in this field could make a real 
difference to Republican 
st reng th at state and local 

Another important feature 
' of tire campaign is the system 

especially thnsi> on Pn gpkh 
and Aids on the ballot in 
falHhm ig, have national im- 
portance, 1 because of tire 
state’s size and influence. 
Others, such as the Oregon 
proposal to dose the stab’s 
only nudear power plant, 
could spell the beginning of 
many similar closures, to the 
consternation of the power 

MHHHH His tour comes, shortly be- 

ta jyjg jjgA fore the United Nations is due 
n'Msnriahd.' to ddiate the annual Aigea^ 

. tihe resolution on tire fixture of 

cracjrrefeTO- the FaQdands. Last year 
o»uom. This France, which was tire first . 
26 m 43 states, European nation to rive 
proposals , to Britain its support in the 1982 
tottenes, stmt Fafldands .war; disappointed 
power plants, London by' voting for the 
h qnai anthre Argentine resolution, 
beranze man- : • fjntfl then. France had al- 
fedare English The Socialist 

tengtfagt government of the day 
P ro P°*? tl( 2®» pointed out that the rescriutkm 
on. Qignsh ^ more moderate than in 
the ballot m tire past, notably omitting any 
i national im- reference to sovereignty, and 
nue of tire that it bad always 

ra influence, been in favour of a negotiated 
i Oregan settlement to the dispute be* 
se .the stale s tween »pd Argentina, 
power plant. It is not dear what line the 
beginning present right-wing Govern- , 
osures, to the m^nt will tnkn this time, 
f the power, particularly in view of tire 

industry. . . strong views expressed by M 

Pr °P° siti ? ns ’ ^ Jacques Chirac, the Prune 

Atmah Yuw afttfar ftip nollAf oka • #> * a •*» 

ccme law after the ballot, also Minister, on tbe need for self- 
lndode horse race betting in determination to settle the 
Kansas, tottenes and tax future of France’s own over- 
hmitations. In Vermont, there seas territories. 

“ ® to r ^ ve . ^ e A French Foreign Ministry 

Equal Rights Amendme nt fin- spokesman said yesterday that 
women, .which could spark ^ Government was waiting 
zennvedmtereanationally. to see tire text of this Ws 
ALtogetiier tins yo^s camr Argentine resolution before 
paign hasbeen one ofthe most deodiug- what position it 
oostly m history, andhas been SSdTtahR. Fnmo^s vote 
donunared by tetevrewn ad- might also be affected by the 
vertisn^, with very littk Oar m^it fishing dismte be- 
dmonal stomping of tire tween Aznentim and Britam. 
constituencies. Vast guns he added. •' 
have been raised to pay fertile president Alfonsm 1 tete- 

3 £ : ^. nd .. c °” merc ? a1 . 8 ’ phoned President Mitterrand 
which have been inmsmgto to disenss tire dis- 

ne^nve m tone, and focused pme. The French President is 
x. reported to have adopted a 
-Ttere ha s-be en htflte non-commitlal attitude, sim- 
cussion . of uXrign policy or rpiyspeakingbfFnuice’sdesire- 
any nat ional question s. 5'SSbSte to a peaceful 

Leading utide, page 21 setflement of tire dispute. 

— •BUENOB AIRES: Presi- 

inrno raiUkk ^ Alfonsfa said yesterday 
9 TvllSl I vUvlt) that Argentina^ would strongly 

I . . bul peacefully defend its m- 

set ablaze s-itf 

Nkomo has disowned tire I we are gmng to act in defence 
dissidents,. however, and has of our nghtswiffi-the firmness' 

Nkomo disowns rebels 
after school set ablaze 





•BE PS® 




From Michael Hartnack, Harare 

Rebels burned three dass- Nkomo has d 
rooms and a headmaster’s dissidents, howt 
office at a school 100 miles been touring hi 
east of Bulawayo at the week- strongholds m t 
end, a Zimbabwean official land and MidJai 
has confirmed. urging co-operation. 

“ S' “5 Meanwhile, i 

serious incidents of unrest _ OQ Tnrr7_ fl 

since the Prime Mmister, Mr 
Robert Mugabe, and the Zapu 
teMer, Mr Jceh na Nkomo, ^± ±2™ 

annomoed m Aigua they Series of the Sdotbem 

The day after the ordination Conference, 

security forces killed two Zimbabwe ak» 

“iwnjLn JRmVi ; nne\ — 

been touring his traditional I that the 
strimgholds m the Matabdfe-] Sefior A 

ct of us," 

fand and hfidlands provinces j ing session of a Latin Ameri- 

can naval conference In tire 

Meanwhile. President Ca- seaside resort ofMardd Plata. 


opened a co nf e re nc e in Harare 

aimed at nromotina £600 . He said the Bntidi Goyeni- 
millfonmvesbneninn^iime , to “phmdeinig" Ar- 

“bandjts” — official terminol- 
ogy for remade .ex-guenillas 
who claim to back Zapu. Mr 

Zimbabwe alone is present- 
ing 200 .projects, requiring 
POO million harirmfe Tn 400 
jn tern nfin na I hn sitigaaii^ n- 

gentine territory, and 
defended, tire controversial 
fishing pacts with tire Soviet 
Union and Bulgaria, saying 
the treaties had been signed to 
organize multi-national fish- 
ing in the area and to protedr 
the right of Argentina. 

Mozambique in crisis 

Invest £20 to £200 a month for 12 months and leave the money 
invested for a further 4 years. Then you will earn the new high rate of 
8-84% pa over the full 5 years. Completely tax-free. That rate is fixed 
and guarmteed, whatever happens to mterest rates elsewhere. 

Existing investors can take out an additional Ifeariy Plan agree- 
ment at the new rate provided their total monthly payments do not 
exceed £ 200 . 

Call free on 0800 100 100 (24 hour service) and we will send you 
details. Or dip the coupon. 

I “ | 

J Ifyou have between £20 and £200 a month to save, fill in die coupon and we will send you I 

« full details and an application form. To National Savings, FREEPOST 4335, Bristol BS1 3YX. 

From Michael Hornsby * 

Mozambique, potentially 
cue of the richest contones in 
Africa, is faring the worst eeo- 
aomic crisis of its short life as 
an independent state as it 
struggles to escape from tire 
consequences to drraght, gov- 
ernment misman a gem ent and 
a spreading insurgency. - 
The .death in a plane crash 
on October 19 to President 
Machel, the leader to Frefiran, 
the guerrilla movement which 
took power after the with- 
drawal to tire Portuguese in 
1975, has now added political 
uncertainty to tire coantry’s 
already heavy harden to prab- 




The Benamo insurgency in 
tire countryside is beyond 
much dispute the Mggest ob- 
stacle to recovery. So long as 
tikis continues, there is scant 
hope to rebuilding Mozam- 
bique's shattered economy. 

But the 1981-84 drought, 
daring which 100^00 people 
are said to have died, and mis- 
graded social and economic 
policies, admitted by Fretinao 
to have been errors, have also 
co n tributed to tire coantry’s 

The last year to econonri c 
growth 'was 1981. Since then 
domestic production has fallen 
by about 40 percent A huge 
balance to payments deficit 
and shortage to foreign ex- 


tire worst export performance 
since independence. 

The two other mam sonrcea 
to foreign exchange income 
were tire raidettaaoes to the 
60*006 Mozambican miners 
working in South Africa, 
which accounted for $50 mfl- 
Bod and about $40 nuftko in 
dues reedved from third coun- 
tries which use Mozambique's 
port and rati system. 

Miners’ earnings will be 
phased out ora* tire next year 
or so as a result to Pretoria’s 
recent dedsiou, in response to 
tire imposition to ecommfc 
sanctions, to forbid tether ie- a> 
enritment to Moza m bican 
workers and to send ; heme, 
those already hi South Africa 
as thearcoatracts expire. 

B wh iwi qffncfc’q tm Ow rgflL ~ 

way fines leafing to thie three 
mala ports of MapufUs/Befcn, 
nod Nacala and the lade to 
technicians to rum and mam- 
tain tire ports have sharply 
zedneed this trade, nindh of 
-which has been ifirerted 
tbnmA South African pmts. 

Before inde pe nd ence 6L8 
nuBioa tons or interaatiomal 
carao passed tt roogli tire port 
to Maptoo (or Loanus Mar- 
qnes as it was called thmi)' 
every year; Last year tire port 
handled otoy 900#®® tons, or 
13 per cent , to the pre-1975 . 
leveL _ 

Renan. s iiwn yuift have 1 
seriously disrupted tire central 


tog a serious . food shortage, 
sharply up front tire estimate 
to 1^8 ^ oidy a year ago. 

' It calculates that .exfettog 
stocks, food aid and (i mestk 
prednetien wffl only be aide to 
meet ahest 35 per cent to the 

wfll be needed over thejnext 12 . 

465£0O tons .to mafre, wheat 
andrfceto befffled. 

Thie Govoumott has bio- 
leem qp and re-organized some 
to tire large and toeffidest 
state forms, and is trying to en- 
ami ag e private mphidtiHsJ 

V V* v- 

* ’’ 
- 1 * .(fl-' 1 

I"-:* ^ - “ 

• . - 
.* * k 

- * * 

** ■ .. >“ 
«=- . 

-n ’ 

-- • 

^ . - 

S-. *** lJk w 
.**■■*■ ' 

lei- • 7: . 
! mmnf $ ' 

j RT -3'’ 

j sort:-' "■ 

l:» ■ 


iVf.v.: -■ r 

I -* - 




i&: - 

fe •» ' 


i'*, , 

;v-. * 


± National Savings YEARLY PLAN 

port of badly seeded food, 
machinery, transport, spare 
parts and vital raw materials 
such as netrtoeunL • 

In 1985, export earnings 
amounted to no more than $82 
million (£5&6 nriDfimi), to 
whidi 43 p a cent was ac- 
counted for by prawns and 37 
per cent by carirew nuts, 
cotttm, s^ar and copra. ^It was 

.and Zambeznk. Many peasant 
formers are afraid to till their 
Grids, and .others have taken ' 
refuge hi squatter gettiemesEtsr 

on, the fringes to tire huger* 
towns. Tranqrart and market- 
ing systems have brakes 
down. - 

'■ Tire Government estimates 
thaf about 30 per cent of tire 
rmgi poptoatkm-are unrfu- 

Attempts are also befog 
made to teenage tire supply to 
baric con sum er goods which 
pieraate formers can bay to' 
exchange for their prodace to 
little tecentire for them to 
gt«w :• martetohlB sarpfos. 

Similar mo ve s are befog the todnstrial sector 
wfth a iivakr. of state-run 
industrial plaits befog sold to 1 
p ri v ate operators. Buriaesset 
are now allowed to retain a 
portion to their hard cur re nc y 
earafags far reinvestment 
. Fonhi - devriopmeA: to 
Mozan afo u eV rich, hut at* 
most oltirely . mexpM^ed, 
mineral resomves is aim bring 
encouraged. BUtionsto doBars 
worth to. coal, - tftaufa^ 

■ - ' 

V • 

$&,;■ ■ 

gra ph ite , pfagyfcai^ marble, 
gmsstoaes and posribty new 
phmis^dmmBnisare kicked 
to the monad. Bat thee riches- 
can only he ta pped when foe 

Letters, page 21 

$1; . 
rny. ■■■■ ■ 

■V- ‘ ' 

ft? ■, n : . 

■’ n“ ' |‘ • * 

Puts , 1 






- ;■■-■ « 
•■' ! -/ r 

Ms? orfeter this week. The mastmnia pcaaft^rteeasira 

'it a rarefy imposedanless 

■tJ - .' 


: : : 

' •■■* • • 


U ^s to ** ta Sjfaw* u« 

AWri Comm 

ffl£2lte^Ll5sf h ** yS a ™ D MMlW tfwlE 

tanag pcftaJ-facmlwd the premises of the Proercssh<e 

V^m hriv/nm u.. ... . - i* rmpwn^ 

Federal ... ^ 

« fae wlritedramber of 

Boy of five shot 
by a two-year-old 

• - 'taV 


CMcago (AP) — A toy aged ffae taking a baft at Ids 

* bead 





• * -:tS 

. . ■"■ " j» ’ 

• -< { 

was shot ia the bead and critically 

Alpha Thompson was ia a critical condfttataaC&Ra» 

l ^ff^.5r! *** ft 8 bwrtjbw » Marten, aged tighCwS 
™«g their grandparents’ apartment when the acddcst 
eccarxed, pefice mM* 

Brudaa BdB, who was also rating the boro* 
gaajiw grts. fond ajftcafflhre tomtom k a bedim 
drawer. It mt off in the bathroom. 

Oil clue 
at trial 


... — -T3a 

-fc v 


•n , 


•.’ * *? 
■ -«2S -rsjp 

Dubai (Renter) > Apofice 
expert testifying at the 
warder bnl of two yeoag 
Britons said ofl hi their car 

was similar fo the nil na rin» ■ 

shirt of am ladSu they are 
charged with naaing over 
and killii 
Mark. 1 _ 

of Jatnriv, and 

Brawn, aged 22, of Staton 
CoUfieU, are second of 
modering Kwh Brand 
Jonlwt, an Inrfnm security 
guard at a seaside housing 
compand near Dubai, on 
Jane 36. 

m . « 

, ~c, 




say no 

Delhi — Sri ranfam 
Tam3 extremist groups 
based In India have re- 
jected Sri Lankan gmn- 
■Kttt proposals for matting 
the continnng ethnic con- 
fflet ia the north and east of 
die ahri rqaUfc (MK 
duel Hamlyn writes). 

1 At i ncethr wfthtite 
chief minuter cf the Indian 
state of Tamil Nada, where 
the milfamfti find shelter, 
the five groups formally 

K ve their reasons for M- 
g the proposals 



- * 
- 'i ^2: 
r -aa. I 2j 


-T“ as? 
- •iy.vjt 
■ 'Z ' 

“V - S 

Oslo (Renter)— Norway, 
hit by faffing oil prices, Is 
pipped fay a national bud- 
get. crisis after- political 
parlies failed to. agree on 
state expendStwe for 1987, 
officials said. 

Protracted negotiations 
between the minority fo- 
bonr Gorenmaaf and op- 
poritioa parties tore failed 
to prod** a majority lor; 
the Gownneafk Mfaet 



Basle (Beater)— Ataxic 
dodcsl released after a. 
blast at a ffitine-mde 
chemical plant at 
Sdrwefaevhalle, near here, 
is advancing down the 
Rhine, kffliag thousands of 

Bat offieiaiosafd the* 
peopfe.of Basle and those 
firing oner the border fa 
France and West Germany 
wan: in m imai e dia t E 
huger. '■ 



- *j *7^.- 

. rr 

i 98 die in air crash 

Tehran (Renter) — An franfan Army tnmspart plane 
crashed ndo awahfa aear Zahedanfa sonthrcnfera 
Iran, kfifing aB 98 people on board, the national S0BS8S 
agency hma said. 

It raid the COO Heresies, carrying 9t soldiers and 
officers of toe 88th anaoared dtibios and. seven crew 
members, crashed inmates before landing at Zahedaa 

airport because of “technical foBare w . 

Several bodies were polled front tire wreckage 
search for otirerrictfamcop toni el The plane t il been fly- 

aad tire 

fag front Bakhtaraa fa western ban to Zahedaa. 

Israeli press pillories 
missing nuclear ‘spy’ 


■ From Ian Mnray, Jernsatem 
Having largriy imored the to bring Vanrara to Israd. If 
- ^ ‘ * — " that did happen, we say ‘Well 


c » '.'It 


I-34W. *£ 
S r - & 4 . 

' ... *ar- 4 

m *■ 

ihww ’*» 


>- •r’^2 S ri«-; 

v\ ?sr 


story for a month, Israeli 
newspapers yesterday indulg- 
ed in a positive orgy of 
character assassination on Mr 
Mordechai Varnuu, the nn- 
cJear technician wiio told The 
Sunday Times Israel had built 
its own nuclear arsesaL 
Considerable time and ’ re- 
search by all the main news- 

papers have obviously gone 

... into building up a dossier on 
* _ m his past. Along with pictures 
f\r IvvU” of lumat pm-Pakstonan ral- 
VF A * lies and stories of him posing 

in the nude as an . artist's 
model wbs editorial comment 
branding him as a traitor. 
There is no sign of investiga- 
tion into whether MrVammu 
was abducted from Britain to 
stand secret trial, for crimes 
which here still carry the death 
penalty. : . . 

The independent Maanv 
said: “It is especially fanny to 
read aQ these stones m the: 
British press, a country where 
just about every year a spy of 
nuteft higher calibre than 
Vannrin is exposed I. . . nor arc 
we moved by the feet, evtai if 
itisa totally imreaHstic guess, 
that someone took the trouble 

done' , and we don't give a 
boot whether he was brought 
legally or by subterfuge; by sea 
or far air, alive or dead." , 

His college contemporaries 
describe him as having always 
been involved in eXtreme.left- 
wing politics, with Com- 
munist leanings- 
Saddestofafi arc interviews 
with Mr Vammu's ekteriy 
parents, strictly Orthodox 
Jews, who say they have had 
nothing to do with their son 
since he left the Army. “Ten 
years ago be broke off contact 
with the family," his father 
said. ^He has mocked all ^the 
values wr raised him in.” 

If the collective picture of 
Mr Vammu’s background is 
ccarect then ft is anuriire that 
he was able to obtain a job at 
the nuclear centre. This points 
to a serious- breakdown in 
screening by security services. 
Although official sources 
here continue to deny any 
knowledge of Mr Vammu's 
whereabouts, it is dear that if 
he is suddenly “discovered” in 
an Israeli prison there win be 
no public outcry on his behalf 



" From Robert Ffek 
Laixc*, Cypres 

David Jacobsen savoured 
freedom for the first time in IT 
months on toe tarmac of 
Lamaca airport yestoday but 
be did so alone, expressing 
sadness that ins two feOow 
American hostogb remained 
in captivity mTdbanon. 

Even Mr Terry Waite, *e 
Archbishop of CautertHnys 
special envoy, seemed to have 
antiripaied the greater vide . 
and be tell it to Dr Jacobsen, 
igganj and unshaven, to 
comfort the families of those 
! who were left behind. 

lire director of the Ameri- 
can University Hospital in 
| Beirut spoke slowly but with 
j resolution. “X would like to 
| just give you (the families) a 
essage — a message that 
rved me weU,” he sauL “It is 
the last verse of the 27th 
Psalm... T believe , that I 
I shaH see the goodness of tire 
Lord and tire land of tire 
living. Trust in the Lord. Have 
[ faith. Do not despair. Trust in 
tire Lord because there is 

The hostages have . been 
Hying on such prayers. “Keep 
faith, T, said Dr Jacobsen. “The 
guys win get out because of 
guys like Terry Waite." 

Mr Waite, who visited Bei- 
rut three tunes last Christmas 
to negotiate with tire Mamie 
Jihad kidnappers, sat next to 
Dr Jacobsen at yesterday's 
press conference. He said only 
that he hoped to return to tire 
Middle East “in a day or two”. 

This did not prevent Dr 
Jaoobseh's eulogy. “It really is 
i a great pleasure to see this guy 
here,” he said. Mr Waite’s 
mission to Beirut last Christ- 
mas, although unsuccessful, 
“gave us hope, be gave us 
hope that we would be free 
men again”. He added: “And 
we love this guy.” 

Mr Waite tot-tutted at this 
effusion. But the spotlight at 
Lamaca had fallen — as per- 

Paris rules out deal 

The French Interior Minster, 
M Charles Pasqna, said yes- 
terday that there was m 
of freefap tire 

Ibrahim Abdallah as part of a 
deal to prevent a new caja- 
pajgn of bombings fa Fuss. 

AidaBak, saspected leader 
of tire Lebanese Armed 
RevolatfOMry Factions 

fcbraary inr complicity fa toe 
1982 murder of an American 
mffitary attachb and aa Israefi 

haps it was supposed to fell — 
upon Mr Waite nod his new 
ward, rather than upon tire 
difficult political negotiations 
between tire US, Syria and 
Iran to fine the hostages and 
upon (he concessions which 
this win have necessitated. 

Nobody yesterday spoke of 
the weekend evacuation of 
American embassy staff from 
But Beirut or of tire fact that it 
was — to use the expression of 
an American spokesman — 
“intertwined” with the hos- 
tages’ release. 

Dr Jacobsen took the 
opportunity of .yestenfa; 
press conference to declare 1 
pride in his country and in 
President Reagan's Govern- 
ment despite his fatter 
criticism of the US Admin- 
istration in a . video-uq»d 
appeal which his captors re- 
leased a month ago. 

' Dr Jacobsen made it dear 
be had not believed what Ire 

had said. “ Tm darned 

proud tube an American,” he 
said. “I'm proud of tire Ameri- 
can Government and the 
American governmental 
employees, and I would also 
hope that all Americans would 
be proud of our Government 

But, he added: “My 
thoughts are of Terry Ander- 
son and Tom Sutherland. My 
sadness that they are not here 
is deep.” 

Dr Jacobsen, who sported a 
beard despite the Lebanese 
witnesses to his liberation in 
Beirut who daimed he wax 
dean-shaven, insisted on his 
own good health. 4 * Anybody 
want to chaBenge me to a six- 
mile jaunt around this air- 
port?” he asked. 





US silent on Beirut release details 



s ' : -' Sf- 

51 ^ : r yr . 

.. -.4.^ _ :s^. ^ 


i *■ v* 'cf 


1 ,+■***&. 
r 1 -' 

*- ■ ±Z-'- JfV 

The White House tnain-_ 
tafaed a determined sileice 
yesterday on the details of the 
release ofMr David Jacobs®, 
saying it woold not prqudice 
the continuing efforts to fixe 
the other American hostages. 

Mr Donald Regan, tire chief 
of siaft said that Syria M 
pfayed “a minimaTioIe, add- 
ing that tire Ftfaufe 'were not 
part of the deal at afl- 

From Mrefcarf BSnyiw, Wtskfagtoa 

American hostages bad been Tehran. American criticism of 
going on for several months, 
but be refosed to talk abbot 
them until all had - been 

released. - r ■ 

He tepeated the White 
House msistence that the US 

Iran has been muted in recent 

Mr Regan insisted that tire 
US would still condemn Syria 
as a source of terrorism. 

The Administration is call- 

- •- . w-* 

On &mday 1* strongly al ‘ 

tacked Syra for its support of 
tenorism, and gave ft fM 
that the US n^httake mih- 
lary .action^ 
continued this. 

bad mn and would not give in • ing for firmer international 
to terrorist demands.' backing for Britain's tough 

His surprisingly tough state- fine against Damascus, 
merits on Syria, indhdng. Mr-Geotge Shultz, tire Seo- 
“hopes” that tire European retary of State,, fa expected to 
Community would give area- take this up with Mr Eduard 

“I don’t say it wffibeJmt it 

»u ha muI “Wk can 

We can 
wfll ff 

Community would give grea- 
ter support to Britain’s call, for 
diplomatic and related mea- 
sures against Syria, suggest 
that Washington doto not reel 
in anyway bfeokkn to Prea- 
dent Assad. 

Tbe White House mention 
on Sunday of “various parties 
and intermediaries” is pro- 
sumed to refer to those who 
^have contacted : the Islamic 
Jihad told other captor groups 
whose main loyalty is to 

tire Soviet For- 
eign Minister, in Vienna to- 
morrow and on Thursday. 

The Soviet Union, which 
bad a treaty of friendships with 
Syria, has strongly criticized 
Britain and tire US over 
Britain's break of diplomatic 


Pubf opinion Irens' has 
been fiercely critical of France 
for its refusal to aipport Mrs 
Thatcher over Syria. ‘ 



The remiss of an RnkxHmB British soldier, believed one of the first casualties of tbe battle of Germantown in the American 
W« ^Independence, b^ng taM to rest wito fofl military honours in Philadelphia at toe weekend. He was a sentry of toe 
Shad British Infantry, killea a mattock OH October 4, 1777. His body was discovered by workmen rebaDdiiig a post office. 

fight KGB 

Fran Christopher Walker 

Western embassies in Mos- 
cow have stepped up their 
costly and kwg-nmning strugr 
‘ ; against filial survaQaacc 
the KGB fallowing last 
week's discovery of moms than 
30 microphones in tbe the 
Swedish Embassy. 

One Western mptomat said: 
“The question that constantly 
needs checking is whether the 
technology and skills of our 
esqrerts arc ahead of theirs in a 
fidd where tiny have plenty of 

Like aD Western embassies 
here, the Swedes are careful to 
conduct their most sensitive 
diplomatic exchanges in a 
special “saleroom” 

But because of the intensity 
of efforts by the KGB to 
monitor conversations inside 
ibasries(in strict contraven- 
tion of tbe 1961 Vienna 
Convention enshrining the 
sanctity of diplomatic mis- 
sions), doubts are harboured 
about tire extent to which 
conversation is really secure. 

“1 was surprised the Swedes 
were able to fiate with such 
conviction that none of their 
secrets had been com- 
promised, although the bugs 
had been - in place for 14 
years," said one diplomat 

East-West troop redaction talks 

Whitehall fears Soviet ploy 

Bonn keen 
to lessen 

From Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Comspondeut, Vienna 

' The British Government 
feus tont the Warsaw Pad is 
pre pa ring to “move toe goal 

Yiema talks on East-West 
troop redactions. 

A speech tomorrow by Mr 
Edward Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Forefan Minister, will 
be closely sated for does to 
tire Pact's intentions. 

British officials fa White- 
hall and Vienna suspect that 
tire Soviet Union hopes to 
avoid accepting essential 
verification procedures on 
troop redactions by a switch of 

They believe the Soviet 
tactic re to bring the 19-nation 
Mutual Balanced-Force 
Redaction talks (MBFR) to a 
dose without conceding West- 
ers dem a n d s, »»*d to shift the 
foens to toe 35-oatibn CSCE 
forum (European Conference 
on Security and Co-operation). 

Such a move would stren- 
gthen British suspicions that 
Warsaw Pact overt u r e s for 
sweeping troop cute “from tire 
Atlantic to the Urals” me 
a negotiating ploy. 

soirees say that 
would reinforce the 
Government's concern to keep 
strategic arms cms within 
moderation. American pro- 
posals at Reykjavik to etinri- 
nafe baBastic missiles over 10 
years would leave Western 

Enrope dangerously exposed if 
Soviet intentions on troop cuts 
remain in doubt, they believe. 
The Warsaw Pact’s moves fa 
the MBFR forum are uoir seen 
as the litmus test by which tire 
Kremlin’s sincerity on wider 
disarmament issues should be 

The MBFR sticking pond is 
tire Nato demand for 25 
ground inspections of Warsaw 
Pact garrisons pins five air 
inspections annually. The 
Kremlin argues against auto- 
matic inspections but would 
allow the West to request 
visits to garrisons to check 
suspicions of non-compliance. 

British officiate point out 
that toe West wffl never be fa a 
position to make a case for 
such an inspection without for 
more debuled information 
from the Soviet side. 

“If tire Soviets are serious 
about troop reductions they 
have so good reason to refuse 
the current proposals,” said a 
Whitehall source. 

Nato and Warsaw Pact 
ambassadors have met twice a 
week through 40 rounds of 
talks spread over 13 years. 
Today's routine informal 
meeting coincides with the 
opening in Vienna of the third 
review of the CSCE process 
begun fa Helsinki fa 1975. 

Technically tire two are 
unrelated, MBFR being a 

Warsaw Pact-Nato 
forum while CSCE indudes 
non-alligned nations. 

The first hint of a switch 
accompanied the “Budapest 
appear* in June, in which toe 
Pact's political consultative 
committee proposed redac- 
tions of one million men by the 

The appeal included a 
suggestion that the forum 
should be either MBFR or a 
CSCE spin-off called CDE 
(Conference oa Confidence 
and Security Building Mea- 
sures a wl D isar ma ment fa 

The successful Stockholm 
talks mi advance notification 
of mOfauT exercises were beU 
under the CDE umbrella. 

When Mr Shevardnadze 
met Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, fa June, he 
expressed a wish to end 
MBFR but did not suggest an 

A thud cloe emanated from 
toe Bucharest meeting of Wai^ 
raw Part foreign ministers last 
month. This suggested that 
the Vienna CSCE review 
should initiate a CDE con- 
ference to discuss the Buda- 
pest appeaL 

British diplomats believe 
that Mr Shevardnadze wil] ase 
his CSCE speech tom orrow to 
the Budapest appeal 

From Andrew McEwen 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

A damage-limitation ex- 
ercise was under way last night 
to heal tbe rift between Bonn 
and Moscow caused by tbe 
reporting of Chancellor Kohl's 
analogy between Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
and Dr Josef Goebbels, the 
Nazi propaganda chief. 

Herr Hans- Dietrich Gen- 
scher, the West German For- 
eign Munster, may today 
come into contact with Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, his 
Soviet counterpart, when toe 
two attend toe third review 
meeting of toe European Con- 
ference on Security and Co- 
operation (CSCE) in Vienna. 
Last night Bonn officials were 
trying to ensure that any 
meeting between them would 
lessen the embarrassment 

Herr Genscher, leader of the 
small West German Free 
Democrat Party, is due to 
chair this afternoon's con- 
ference session. One of the 
speakers under his chairman- 
ship will be Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the British Foreign 
Secretary, who wzB no doubt 
want to assist the West 

Tbe American magazine 
Newsweek reported that Herr 
Kohl test month said of Mr 
Gorbachov: “He is a modem 
Communist leader who un- 
derstands public relations. 
Goebbels was an expert in 
public relations too”. 

The impact of these re- 
marks did not become clear 
until Saturday when Moscow 
cancelled a visit planned by 
Herr Heinz Riesenhuber, tbe 
West German Research Min- 
ister, during which he was to 
have signed a bilateral agree- 
ment on nuclear power 

This was followed by the 
cancellation of a two-day visit 
to Moscow by Herr Berthokl 
Witte, a senior West German 
cultural official. 


Kohl's unfortunate compari- 
son of Mr Gorbachov with Dr 
Goebbels will have a stormy 
echo in the Bonn parliament 
this week (John England 

Tbe German leader has said 
he regrets his remark, but the 
opposition Social Democrats 
(SPD) — with a federal elec- 
tion due in January — are 
baying for his blood. They are 
to make his gaffe their main 
issue in toe Bundestag debate 
on Thursday. 

Non smokers 

live longer 


DTyoo are a noa-flmofcex; why should too pay the 
ranefir jnar fie fasaranw w a saulttr? Tasa jost 
what job could do^ - nnless yon lake out fasurance 
through ti*e Cow* Pina Plan from foe San Affiance 
Group, h provides up to £40,687 worth of extra 
cover to noo-sraokera onl^ absolutely free - which 
could make yon- immediate fife cover as mod) 
ae £113,665. 

The protection your family deserves 
Tbe Cover Plos Plan has been develceed to hdp 
you ensure that in the event d yonr death your family 

tbem frerafi^dal ('Kik^ies. By separating 
hum non-smokers, the costs to you are reduced. So you 
cm afford a bigger sum for your depeidants for fee 
same itsnarfcabTy low premHim. 

•fast £5 a month can bring £33,631 of cover 
And there is another reason wfijr premiums can be 
ready low - as tow as £5 a month for up to £33,631 of 
oovg£ Unlike other J 

riemert to pay foe Every j 

2. No-prohtem cover for ten years- or nnoie 
The Cow Plus Plan provides nutedion for ten 
years. Your conditions of cowar will not be changed fay 
us in that time- and at the end of tfin yeareyounave the 
rig^t to renew your cover without any medical examin- 
atum, provided you are then 54 or undec Plus, you can 
convert your Plan to another life policy suefa as a 
savings plan, if your needs change. 

select the fowl of cow you need. Then complete the 
coupon below andsend it. along with a cheque for your 
fast month's premium, to the; 



• ^ yeare of aw ffa you on ftetenre sri out here, 
if your appiotfon is accepted, sn^l tbe right to renew 
jour ewer provided you are aged 54 or undec 

• Orae during tbe term of the Ran, you have tbe i 
to increase your cowr by op to 50% of your i 
fife covet ,on the occasion of marriage, the birth of a 

_ . i your cover 

will start immediately and your pofacy will be sent to 
jw along with a Direct Pajiring Mandate, which you 
can use to make your monthly premium paymenteanto- 
matic and worry free. You have 10 days to examineyour 
policy and if you are not completely satisfied with it, 
yuu may return it and well refund yoifl' first month’s 
premium. 1b continue your rows; jus send the com- 
riried mandate to u&. tout cover will start automatically 
from the (fate on your po&y and your free gift wffl be 
sent to you. 


• Intbecaset 

nent of £20,000 win be made. 


sooner your cover wiB. start 

radial „ 

are reaDy low What are the < 


L Yndtooreyonrprenrium 

need, and car: 

answer ‘MO’ to four questions, you will normally be 
acceded into the Plan wahoot any medical 


• No representative will bother you. 


item doA. As soon as 
ym confirm jour acceptance 
of jour Cover Phis Plan. 

*e will send son this 
nifispcmaUe alarm dock 

conipteety free. 

Increasing protection - to help keep pace with fee 
cost of living- is a u tomatic, farr cover increases by 
5% d the onwnal amount per year along with your 
premiums. But you do have the option to freeze your 
cower and premiums if you wish. 

& So easy lo arrange 

Everything yoo need to apply fora Cover Flos Plan 
is on this page. There is usually no need for a medical 
and no representative will caJL 

Start your Cover Pins Han here and now 

>bo can start aying yoar £aw3y the protection of 
your Cover Plus Plan mjw. Look at the table below, and 

i-ATPi .fMP mamimmmimmiiimiii m 


our expats wffl be abtetotelp. If you wish, you 
may leave a message after 8 pm and we wffl 
return join call the next dayt 

HORSHAM (0403) 59009 

Who are the Smt Affiance Group? The Sun Affiance Group 
has been providing insurance services since 1710- Recentlji 
Phoenix Assurance joined the Croup to Bnnly estebtish it as 
one of tfie fargesi and soundest insurance grtnps in the world. 


These are the benefits of your 


Sm AHtwa-.CM’ IVpUFrerpM. Hw*lnni.W Strati RH12 IZA. 



£5.00 I £Z50 I £10,00 I £12^50 











































































. 24803 







_ 35 






























































■ S268 




























. 48 









































































































NOTES: l. Thk » not a saringe ptu and X 2. The benefits shewn above will inat«c snltj- 

I^tMiiuuM^u^onlwio^iiti^iW iywrWnii wartoaesspio sap the oosssesi. 
MMosobtaboiiH^ t %m;pTOTWTOia3i^l^®(Jiheimtial 

tftbepuicji * 


Poet to; Son Affiance, GPP DepL, Freepost, HOtthani.W Stases RH12 ]2A«im^n a *Mi 

1. (tax tifatteCmrPtaltaQ|)timj<M require. EliSOQ £HW)0O £7.50 □ E5TOO 

2. Please wall* the dwqnelerjmr Bret am th^premioei payable to San Affiance, and post it 
with thttappBceriwn fan. 

Namlj> WJO toon frmm totfc* brs olwwr bvfMg'aid jndwnnjna ifccta* H wrihrtiD Pteob 

ftnamur pic '» reahrr o< ihr Son mimo Gropl «» ttm -mdi xr T* — -frr- n~tmr -tnrhihi rain .1^1 

xaniMttfif »sdl»eiiBetl« «nsa*n ntunnna « ^MwbeMni.Si>4ffH'«iado«tai»io akahn vmm bo a 
notreal >tm i iuM mrtnsi 1 ft Otoer-at yfta btMfcWCfltid b. 

Answer 1 

Mti w W w 


we M w unde ri Mm M rjwW iiiit 

1. Ha»e (HUcitiMtilwp been VES* NO 
advised loWenflt, in trtwiimi a fat tan at r — . — 
any hMprtaLdimc c* ynwrry wnhin !be 1} M 



1 Haw yon ncened. or haw you any resan 
mew u less, indudmg Mm iesa. in 


oamecoan witB any sewn* wal msnx 
(such u Gtadato Few* Hepaoto. AIDSc 

EWroTEfali — l — l Mariali 



DneMrt Saat and Addrac. 

□ □ 

Broker/ A^tai <if my L 

Hm many ijwutnwtlo you mofccfg^ day? 

Uymu answer to rife qoeaiaaia'taw'' Muaeconsder 
wMbwngdw tai a i iwi. 


I drdnritm Ihnr mAcV NOnoMinn dw pau U 
IswrimaitnaDed ueitagc^Ritn » 

ttw tome 



Asa I por M OPT nmktt aa non^nWn 


X Have you, wefan ihe ter vest sn&d Id 
« y pfter cwDjany fei »r awjianrr n e*t* 
had any appderian pcapaoed. dedined or 
aewpiedornpedal terms 5 

4 to m vmnDMt a my laanSw 

acuwy w oOTtaowi? 

*U W J S — n j wtui'VTS'i.inmdtfiertnwquWMilBBr 
m rt m Ui ■■ i » in hi i In 1 1 il pijn V»i rnrt inn nt witisiS 

PECUmnQN IdednrMlhrbrurfm VMiOfiM 

r M h - w e m . mam owtttMjtnli tim, 

i ABBUBcr Dh <a nie»4w •* Bw Swi UdKe 


mmSiKU lcemrwmUwCn«an»t’«rb>e* ( *til 

□ □ 


rarni) nr ndlautnac 






ss n d r 424 \ 

L ~-i — 1-~~- -• - -miinr -im rumiriiinami twi i mur n-irr^ninr * 



















Albanian Party Congress 

Hoxha memory 
lives on in call 
for ‘iron unity’ 

From Dessa Trevisan, Belgrade 
The new party leader, Mr Therefore, no significant 
Ramiz Alia, has set the tone of pereonn el chan ges axe li kely to 
the Albanian Communist emerge from the congress, 
Party Congress in Tirana by although there are signs that 
pledging unswerving commit- Mr Alia may have serious 
meat to the ideals of the late problems in the economy and 
leader, Mr Enver Hoxha, in introducing modest c h a n- 
lling upon Albanians to 8 ®*- 

“iron unity”. In feet, Ik spoke of a 

* Congress is to place “harmful metaphysical idea 
emphasis on the econ- that there is no need for 
and a five-year plan changes’*. By this, he obvi- 
> targets are industrial ously intends to introduce 
h of almost 40 per cent modest stimulants to exert 
i boost to agnculturaJ more work discipline and , 
t by more than 30 per greater production. 

The Congress is to place 
most emphasis on the econ- 
omy and a five-year plan 
whose targets are industrial 
growth of almost 40 per cent 
and' a boost to agricultural 
output by more than 30 per 

Shortly before the congress 
started, Mr Alia made it dear 
that there will be no change in 
Albania’s economic outlook 
on foreign trade and that while 
ideology will not be a barrier 
to trade with the outside 
world, Albania would not take 
loans or credits. 

Albania’s Constitution for- 
bids it to lake credits outride, 
a point reaffirmed at the 
congress, just as the Albanian 
party pledged itself not to re- 
establish relations with its 
“arch enemies” — foe Soviet 
Union which remains “a so- 
cial imperialist power” and 
the United States which re- 
mains “an imperialist power”. 

Mr Alia does not seem to 
have any serious rivals in the 
leadership; Mr Hoxha, before 
he died, liquidated all the 
potential rivals. Again Mr Alia 
seems to have strode an 
alliance with the late leader's 
widow, Nexmia, who is obvi- 
ously the power behind the 
scenes and who has recently 
been elevated to head foe 
Democratic front 

Albania, the most isolated 
and backward country hi 
Europe, yesterday tried aa- 
coovincingly to look to the 
fu t u re as its wdJktisdpfined 
Stalinist Communist Party 
met to chart the coarse of the 
next five years. 

It is the first party congress' 
since the death last year of Mr 
Enver Hoxha, but dm writ of 
foe old leader is still holy and 
foe new party chk£ Mr Ramiz 
Alia, is c han gi ng direction 
only gradually. 

Outside the Congress Hall, 
foe extrordinary country wh- 
ich broke away from foe 
Warsaw Pact hi 1968, resem- 
bles a Ruritaman princedom. 

There are almost no cars; 
those that exist were donated 
by the Chinese fa foe 1950s 
and now, patched together 
info rope and random metal 
patches, they crawl the empty 
roods Eke top heavy insects. 

A technician adjusting a display model of foe Chinese shoulder-fired, infra-red glided anti-aircraft missile in preparation' 
' for titeAri am defence teduiotogyeadiaiirioawhichopensmPekiiig today. 

Tirana drags itself onward China puts its defence 

SS hardware on display 

drawn carts with robber tyres, most bouses now have electric- From Onr bwnCorresponde^, Peking 

On each street comer there ity and television antennae ■ ' ■ 

are wall-posters of Marx, fitter rooftops. A Chinese nnantry n u ll t ing from 12 countries wiD be 

S is, Lenin and, most strife- But there is pressure for vehicle with a Vickers gun attempting to sell their wares. 

, Josef Stalin. Instead of change. The avenge age of the turret and an American Bosh- Some 1,000 pieces ofnrilitary 
signs at crossroads, Acre three million Albanians is 26 roasta" gun stands in front of hardware will be displayed; 
are quotations from foe huge and at least sane of them want the China Pavilion atPelong’s with 400 of that total Chinese, 
collected works of. Hoxha. the co un tr y to be more t fa m a International Exhibition Cot- Britain, Canada, . China, 
As fringe Stalinist groups in simple exporter of rare raw bo roady to receive hordes of France and Italy each have 
foe West sometimes point oat, materials c h r yrt Mr admirers at the Asian defence - large pavilions. The United 
Albania, which has stayed true Alia listens to these ramhUags technology e x hi biti o n ,, which . States and. West Germany 
to Stalin, b a country frith no ami differs from Htwrha fw opens today. . ~ have mounted smaller pres- 

taxes, no terrorism, no rich, ao rgrwjm i yfng the —4 to While the -Chinese capital entatinire 

poor, no divorce, ao drugs, no foreign supp ort in mod er ni z ing has hosted other defence ex- Among the British firms 
standing army, ao foreign industry. hilritions in recent years, this represented at the exposit i on- 

Mt, an BWByln ywwrf nfl go Whereas Hoxha was a ge- onc is different It is the first are Vickers; Marconi, PleSsey, 

inflatio n. nius at horning bridges — time that China has publicly Racai, Thorn. EMI and West- 

One aright add to this: no breakfeg with Yugoslavia to shown some of the naval land Helicopters, 
working chinches (religions 1948, with “rerisonist” Mas- vessels, missiles and On display in foe China 
are banned), no beards (for- cow after foe death of Stalin, armoured vehicles that it sells. Pavilian are Long March m 
eign decadence) and no private with the Warsaw Pact after “The Ch i nese are far more rockets, battalion command 
motoring. foe invasion of Czechoslovakia accommodating and open vehicles, self-propelled rock- 

Bnt travellers often declare with China a foe 1970s — about their own equipment, . ets, missltot, band guns, mor- 
foat Albanians, despite foe Mr Alta has given a high-level and far more inquisitive about tars, troop carriers, range 
■unfold restrictions — reception to Eart Gtenuan ours than they were two years- finders and other optical in- 
foe unpleasant linking pres- dBAlii and encouraged trade ago,”a visiting British defence struments, as well as models 
ence of the Sigarbri, foe secret agreements wifo other Soviet analyst said. . of submarines and guided 

police - are notrisfety im- Bloc members Eke Poland. A total of 158 companies J missOe frigates. - 

. Mr Ling’s piece of the action 


thrive in Shenyang * jje $ 

FromfiobortGriCT«s,Sben7*«sg > : 

Shenyang’s * new stems as have to strengthen oor plant 
China's laboratory of coo- ;- our marketing ’ -* ' 

nomic r e for m is well illus- skills," and ourproduct qua!- ' . 

tinted by the leasing of aifing jty,” raid Mr Ling. ... ; t 

fectories to individuals.' That Mr ling has also won foe j : ; 

is foe End of entrepreneurial- right to hue and fire employ- 
ism thin bas not been seen in ees ifthejrdoa bad job. That -V s .! -■ . 

China Sface before 1949. ' would nor have beta tolerated ~ 

. Mr Ling Fanzhon, aged 43, under the okl syaem. 
was, junto recently, the assis- The examples of Shenyang's -W.. 

tarn engineer and manager of - eoemonue reforms inevitably 
the ShenyangAuto Fuel Pump give rise to two questions: 

Factory. Today he is still foe why Shenyang? Why now? - K; • v 

asri slant engineer and man- Shang hai, the country^ tra - to • . 

agerofthefectmyBut nowbe . dztianat mdostrial base^ has 
owns a piece of faction, has ' begrin e xp e ri menting wtfo a - 
invested 40,000 yuan (£7,500) stock market, but has done •' . .„ 

in plant expansion,- and runs link else fort Shenyang & - :v - 

the plant the way he thinks it att e m p ting. ... 

should be ran. Some observers argue that." _ 

There are no traffic lights; 
none needed for foe horse- 
drawn carts with rubber tyres. 

On each street corner there 
are waif-posters of Marx, 

S is, Larin and, most strik- 
, Josef Stalin. Instead of 
signs at crossroads, there 
are quotations from foe huge 
collected works of Hoxha. 

As frfage Stalinist groups in 
foe West som e times point out, 
Albania, which has stayed tree 
to Stalin, b a cmratry wfth no 
taxes, no terrorism, no rich, no 
poor, no divorce, no drags, no 
standing army, no foreton 
debt, no unemployment and no 

One might add to this: no 
working churches (reUghms 
are banned), no beards (for- 
eign decadence) and no private 

But travellers often declare 
that Albanians, despite foe 
manifold r estr ic ti ons — and 
foe npteasant tanking pres- 
ence of the Sfeorimi, the secret 
police — are not visfily m- 

ia cafes dming iwriaug boras, 
most bosses now have electric- 
ity and television antennae 
litter rooftops. 

But there is pressure for 
change. The average age of the 
three million Albanians is 26 
and at least some of them want 
the country to be more than a 
simple exporter of rare raw 
materials like ch rome. Mr 
Alia listens to these rumblings 
and differs from Hwha fa 
rec ognizi n g the need to seek 
foreign support in mod ernizi ng 

Whereas Hoxha was a ge- 
nius at fanning bridges — 
breaking wifo Yugoslavia fa 
1948, irtth “rerisonist” Mos- 
cow after the death of Stefin, 
with the Warsaw Pact after 
foe invasion of Czechoslovakia 
and with Chfaa fa foe 1970s - 
Mr Alla has given a high-level 
reception to East German 
officials and encouraged trade 
agreements with other Soviet 
Bloc members Eke Poland. 

invested 40,000 yuan (£7,500) 
fa plant expansion,- and runs 
the plant the way he thinks it 
should be run. 

i “There are fofag* that I 
have wanted to do here, but 
never had -the chance to da 
Tins is a good opportunity for 
rae,”said Mr Ling, a sligirfly- 
buflt, bespeciacledman. 

Shenyang’s relative -quiet has 
made for better observation of 
such economic experiments. 
“Shanghvis a big coastal tity, 
and tire coastal dries are not 
really China,” a Western ^ 

A Chinese infantry fi ghting ' 
vehicle wifo a Vickers gun' 
turret and an American Bush- 
roaster gun stands in front of 
the China Pavilion at Peking's 
International Exhibition Cen- 
tre ready to receive hordes of 
admirers at the Asian defence - 
technology tafoibdtion, : which 
opens today. 

Whale the -Chinese capital 
has hosted other defence ex-~ 
hibitioiis in recent years, this 
one is different It is the first 
tmw that fTiina has publicly 
shown some of the naval 
vessels, missiles ■' and 
armoured vehicles that it sells. 

“The Chinese are far more 
accommodating and open 
about their own equipment, 
and fir more inquisitive about 
ours than they were two years, 
ago,” a visttingBritish defence 
analyst said. . 

A total of 158 companies ~ 

. . Before Mr Ling teased, the . dipl om at said. “The central 
plant, “workers were not male- Government wanted to see if 
mg any money, the {riant was the interior of the country 

not making money, and pro- 
duction was pooi”. Commun- 
ist Party chiefs at the -{riant 
held meetings when they wish- 
ed without consulting Mr 
ling, frequently disrupting 

“Now,” said Mr ling, “the 
workers come to me and ask 
when they can- have a party 

The factory is«£Q owned by 
the municipality. But the city 
has, in efim. teased it to Mr 
Ling on tire basis of a three- 
year contract; for 60,000 yuan 
m 1984, for 80,000 yuan last 
year, and for 120,000 yuan 
this year.. IfMrLing could not 

could support such reforms." 

The prime reason, however, 
slonsrt the government leveL 
Mr Li Changchun, aged 43 7 
the acting governor of Liao- : 




Part 2 

t- ning province, was ftntiierty 

- ear - tf M rLmg could not . mayorof Shenyang. It is Mr 
prevent productio n fro m teD- Li, said city offidab, who has 
he would have been 

f ; r 

“ t A . 

penally liable tor some of; l^S^ifafoeS 

eariieaded the economic re- 
rm movement in foe dty 
“He called us into his omCe 

the deficit and l as tease would “He ctiled us into his office 
not be renewed * • today acod gave a spirited talk 

As it happens, Mr -Ung ias on wfiat we must do to ad- 
done ve^ i^for evttyone vfaice foe refonns,” one offi-" 
roncOTMd Thre e years ago rial said “He asked us to press 
to modncoon rajue forward” If Mr U and others, 

such as Mr Wu Disheng, the 
profit of 46,000 yuan, to Mayor of Shenyang, succeed, 

careers at the national 


' ’ ' x , ' : t 

vr“ lorwam.' liMruanaouieis, 

totalled 920^000 ymn, with a ^ ^ Wu Dishmg, the il 1 

^ of 46,(W snan. fa Mayor of Shenyang, succeed, f -n.lh! 

their careers at' foe national It^UIU 

dup ougit rose to I ^; 0Qq f tevd would be made. They , . 

yuan, with a ^net profit of cannot fifl to- know that Mr J , J , 

HOOO yuan. Last year foe Zhao Ziyang, Carina’S Pro- P -| fit? 
production value rose to mU- fnrwvl hi* M i m arinn I ^ * 

a c Ins 

profit of 405,000 yuan. forms m SicbuaiuProvince. 

wrkers tave become more ifonleader.andMrZhao, who 
aefive, and their Irvny stay- fa a second aeneirtiSsiSder), 
have unproved, ob- know they^^nad ^ : 

Se rt?i Mr wr Ann ' felly- Ajov mistakes on their . 

But last year’s 405,000 yuan part would en^c their political 
net profit attracted industrial careers andmark a setback for 
income taxes (at a 55 per cen t Mr Deng’s supporters fa Fdt- 
rate) and ofoer eixpaiscs. A fa« 
four-storey addition to the For tbatreason Mr Ling is a 

plant Bbeing built at a cosrirf party member, and his fectoiy - 
1.2 milUofi yuan. Mr ling has .fa owned by the Shenyang . 

i .t 

invested 40,000 yuan of fort goverimwnt 
figure-The city and factory are “Peking cannot let just any- 

mat c hin g that loan. But Mr one try out these new ideas.’* 
Ling is not doing badly. His said a Western dfata Sal ' 
income last year amounted to “And they cannot let anationr 
40,000 yuan, or more than aD^owned factory risk fiihire. 


But they are starting down an 


. . * < : /;f. 

Wifo foe expansion will interesting road. : Where it 
come more workers, douMing ends remains to be seen.”- . 

the workforce to 300: “We 



" K/'V . 


• ■ «. -• 


Every day, Reed Paper and Board’s mill at Aylesford 
in tent produces enough newsprint for 2 million 
newspapers. As well as Reed Newsprint, the 
Aylesfoid mill also manufactures vast quantities of 
paper and board for the corrugated case industry. 

All the heat and steam for the paper-making 
machines and the extensive papermiD complex is 
now provided by boilers using British coal. 

Five Babcock fluidised bed boilers, each rated at 
65,000 lb of steam/hr, are at the heart of a totally 
new plant with integrated coal and ash handling. 

Asked why coal was preferred to oil, Reed Paper 
and Board’s Director of Purchasing Michael Gadd 
comments: The present low price of oil highlights 
its biggest problan. Continual price fluctuation 
makes long-term cost planning impossible fes, the 
price is down today, but sooner or later It will 
bounce back up again. We cannot live with that 
kind of situation. Tactical planning isn’t for us - for 

capital-intensive industries such as paper making 
we must plan strategically over the next decade 
And for that we need the price stability of ooaT. 

Reed Paper and Board, like many other forward- 
thihkingcompanies,have turned to BritfshCoal when 
it comes to an important investment in the future. 

Act now for real help with conversion costs 
A Government Grant Scheme currently supports 
conversion to coal by providing up to 2554 of the 
eligible capital costs. Loans at favourable terms 
(including deferred r^jayments) are also available 
from the European Coal and Steel Community. 

The plant and the technolog y 
Industrial requirements can be met from a 
comprehensive range of packaged or purpose 
designed units with a variety of boiler and furnace 
types and ratings, rilbacked by a British Cbal 
free technical service. Modem coal plant is folly 

automatic with completely enclosed handling - a 
concept that meets the economic and aesthetic 
needs of the UK’s leading industrial companies. 

A final word from Malcolm Edwards, British 
Coal's Commercial Director: ‘No other source of • 
energy can match British Coal’s supply and pricing 
profile The Government Grant Scheme which isn’t 
due to end until mid-1987, can make converting to 
coal one of the soundest investments your 
company has ever made The time to talk is now*. 

OepdfwwcfcSicoil iftibanHkse. 

l“* T -I 

Company - -I - - * 

I ; | 

! British T*/unx* I 



praise for 

From Richard Wfag 
Madrid . , 

. Seflor Jose Bamonoevo, the 
Spanish . Interior ’Miniker, 
broke through a barrier of 
suspicion yesterday to praise 
the “efficiency” of the Basque 
aptoaomous . police force 
Which rescued a local indus- 
trialist on Sunday from his 

in captivity. ' . 

The Minister was in Vitoria 
for the funeral of Genaro 
Garda Andoain, the political 
head- of the Basque . notice, 
who was kilted when his men 
stormed the mountain cave 
ETA used as a prison. 

' The rescue ..operation, 
supervised personally by 
Gotsto Andoain, was foe first 
time tire Basque autonomous 
police has battled out a kid- 
napping op its own. , - . 

They were helped to locate 
the ETA hideout by a local 
phone call The action was of 
significance fra- the .whole 
Basque question. 

For the Basque Govern- 
ment (he “baptism of fire” of 
i ts po lice force represented a 
boost for the long-standing 
demand that devolution 
means Spain’s national police 
ha n di n g over respratmiSixy 
for security matters in the 

■ Genaro Andoain^ aged 64, 
was machine-gunned to 
as one of foe -three ETA men 
guarding Senor Ludo Agjina- 
galde, aged 69, the indus- 
trialist, came out defying an 
order to surrender. 

The two other members of 
the prison commando were 
arrested, but foe third, foe 
presumed killer, escaped into 
the mountains. 

The action comes only. 10 
days before campaigning fa 

the -Basque general .election 
opens. It could help ..foe 
Basque Nationalist Party, fa. 
power until now, while 
depriving the Socialists, who 
are challenging it, of exclusive 
claims to foe law and order 
vote.- •*. ■ 

Interrogating the two cap- 
tured mealed yesterday to foe 
discovery of an ETA arms, 
cache neajfey. ‘ 

Burst pipe 

for blast 

Vienna (Reuter) —Bulgaria 
yesterday Mamed a lack of 
safety Checks for an explosion 
that killed 17 people at foe 
country's biggest chemical 
complex. . 

An article fa foe trade union 


preliminary investigations 
suggested that Saturday’s ac- 
cident had been caused by a 
ruptured pipe at . the plant at 
Devnya, near Varna. 

18 executions 

Washington (AP) — Eigh- 
teen prison inmates were exe- 
cuted fa the United States fa 
1985, bringing foe number of 
executions to 50 since capital 
punishment was refastituted. 
nearly a decade ago, the 
Government reported. 

Suspect killed 



^ [B n m 

II <i 1 j > • fil l -1 ^ ^ J 

B * 1 Pomt J 1 1 ci 



l- ■ i 1 » 8 »_ji i_^- 1 J i -:9 m 




an - arm ■ 



Sh'3 Karachi curfew I Families demand the release of S epgjLgtndente I Bourgm a 

oue ^ 

extended as 34 
die in rioting 

Karachi (Reuter) — Paki- jxcforntial treatment acccnd- 
stani troops extended a three- ed to other ethnic groups, 
day-old curfew into new The official news agency 
districts of Karachi yesterday APP said the Prime Minister, 
after a night raid by one ethnic Mr Mohammad Khan Junejo, 
community on another which had directed a delegation of 
took the death toQ from four National Assembly deputies 
days of rioting to at least 34. to visit Karachi to try to Stop 
Witnesses said that soldiers the ethnic feuding, 
swept into six new districts in • Politician arrested: 
jeeps yesterday morni ng, an- Mumtaz Ali Rhntio. a leading 
noimcmg the restriction over p olitician and cousin of the 
loudspeaker. — Minister Mr 

executed Prime Munster Mr 

The riots have paralysed 7-pHTlcar Ali Bhotto , said yes- 
economic activity in Karachi, terday he had been arrested. 
More than half the city is* He told Renters by tde- 
under curfew and troops, who phone that he was being taken 
have shoot-on-sight orders, to Karachi's central jau under 
have killed at least three a 90-day detention order, 
offenders. Police said they also bad 

Schoolchildren and stu- arrested Mr Bhuttos sop-*n- 

!a u — ■ ~ 

. jwrouiuiuuim auu aur cuiwma* 

dents have stayed away from law, RcwanKdu-, a polraaan 
rJawfig amt examinations hav e from Hyderaba d , and bad a 
been postponed. Residents warrant for ^the former Justice 
said some areas of the sprawl- Minister, Mr Abdul Hanz 

- i 41 WmJa mhn loft the OtV 

ing city had begun to nmshort 
of vegetables and meat 
Hospital doctors said six 
people were kSksd in a raid 

Pintada, who left the city 
eariier yesterday. . ■ ' . 

Mr Bhutto and Mr PHzadi 

who bdd cabinet posts under 

UCULHC WUIC U1KA1 111 O IWU Wiiiu™. r- . . 

soon after midnight yesterday Zulfikar Ah Bhutto “Jv* 
in the suburb of Oranri Town, 1970s, retained from Britain 

■ - . _ . _i 1 XI.# A •MAfithe oOA fA form A 

making a total of at least 28 
dead in Karachi. Another six 
were kilted in Hyderabad, 110 
miles to the east 
Witnesses said that at least 
three jeep-loads of beavily- 
armed Pathans grayed ballets 

five months ago to form a 
pressure group to ch am pion 
the three smaller of Pakistan's 
four provinces. • . 

• Quetta arrest: Malik_ Moh- 
ammad Yousaf Pir Alizar, a 
former provincial m inis t er of 

armea rainanssprayeu duucb •_ 

and set houses on fire in an Baluchistan, was arrested m 
area occupied mainly by Quetta on Sundry coiraec- 

Hi JniUi>r JtU|Cn±L*iLlJ 

Send - South Korea's most wanted 
radical student, Kim Sin,the man 
gm q of masterammog last 
week’s Seoul cnqps occupation, 

eluded captnre by jog^sag through not 

police fines in a tracksuit, powe 
sources said yesterday (Renter, AFP 
report). ' _ 

On Tuesday, Mr Kha. aged M^was 

hf» jd of a "National Student 
Struggle Committee Against 
Dictatorship and Fmagn Fatss 
d»w4ng a rally motspiiig leftist stir- 
dents from 26 Seoul reneges in the 
gr ounds of y«H»hd: UmiHsity. 

When police dispersed the dem- 
onstrators, Mr Kim is alleged to have 
led more than 1,000 stadents in 

occupying five campus buddings. 
They held out until Friday, rAea 
7,000 ixrfteewifoheScoptOT^rg^ 
and water cannon ended tbm defi- 
ance. By this time, however, Mr Kim 

was long gone. 

The authorities announced yes- 
terday that 1^74 dissident stadents 
have been formally arrested for 
involvement in hat .weah>__w riad 
university protests. 

SO family members of arrested stu- 
dents marched around Myongdong 
Cathedral in the capital ( above) mtn 
a banner demanding “Free aD stu- 
dents arrested at Konlrak 
University 7 '. 

Some 4,000 people attended a 20th 

anniversary meeting yesterday of the 
rnfhrtKp Fanners' Association at the 

Abort 800 policemen were po- 
sitioned around the cathedra l w 
p oTifi* aciwl die Catholic Church to 
make sore the meeting was a purely 
religious event- 

Despite a wanting of harsh pnisn- 
ment for any illegal activities, some 
participants raised their fists and 
anti-Govemment and anti- 
US slogans after a Mass cel eb rated 
by Cardinal Stephan Sonbwan Kim. 
The meeting broke up peacefully. . 

PoGce ssud the Catholic Farmers' 
Association, based in the southern 
provincial city of Taejon, issued 

invitations to tens of ttons amM « 
and trodUe-makers and 
had prepared antiGovermnent plac- 
ards for the meeting. 

The authorities were manned ^ne- 
fttiwa tte meeting was spousored by 
an umbrella dissident group and the 
slogan put forward was 
liberation of Fanners and Unifica- 
tfc» (of the Korean pemnsaiar. 

fttwHiMi Kim, who returned to 
Seonl from Rome on Sunday, said he 
was very distorted by foe cureret 
political situation and called pnbfidy 
for the first time for a meetup 
between President Chun and opposi- 
tion leaders Mr Kim Dae Jung ®s® 
Mr Kim Yoong Sam. 

Tunis (Reuter) - President 
Bourguiba's ruling party, chat- 
lene^ by 15 independents 
onlyT won ali 125 seats m 
Tunisia's general decuon, of- 
ficial returns published yes- 

boycotted by : 

opposition groups, some of - 
vrtom accused the authorities 
of artificially boosting turnout ■ 

official TAP news . 
agency published figures »y- 
inathat the Parti Sooahrte 

Dbtourien (PSDX allied with 

trade union and other national 

organizations in a “Patriotic 

Union”, won a vote of con- 
fidence with the turnout rang- 
ing between. 75 and 93 per 

The new National Assem- - 
bfy is etected for a five-year 
term. The PSD also won all 
the seats in the last election. 

But two opposition leaders 
Queried the official reports of a 
high turnout “They are too 
high. That’s certain,” Mr 
Mohamed Bdhadi Amor, the 
leader of the recognized Popu- 
lar Unity Party (PUP), said. 

He estimated turnout at 
about half the official figures 
in four districts his party 

Opposition parties boy- 

I coned Sunday's vote because 
> of disqualification of their 
! candidates in key districts, 

1 arrests of supporters and bans 
on their publications. 

Gandhi restores 
state democracy 

From OmOwnCoreespondeiit, Delhi 

Mr Raiiv Gandhi, the In- ages that ekcticmswfflbe held 


gjassasu HSnssra 

cratic government to the g^'J^oflhe 
n0 ?v n ElS' StatC ° f ranmUt a 10-member Cafamet 

enH JL acllfinr.' IL . l .f J A * * niliar 

Autumn windfalls 
from Sainsbury’s. 


was depo»d asaarf*«1toirt» oaifiito, will dominate 
5? ? when ft 

meets to Jammu 

Home Produced 
FreshBeefMihce perlb 86p 

group consists of 32 mergers 
the bead rfthe 78-member house. Con- 

mentroth Mr Gandhis Con- ^^^"Smbers vrtfle 

son <rf the old feStah'6fi^^gojrr& 
l£ rfK^nir, Sheikh ^ ^ 

been pressing late pww^om Thursday 

tions foBowi^the “hen Seradmanoe imposing 

Jr™ - P^denfs Rule on the state 
that succeeded him. ,_ JWWS- p^rr^ Mr Gandhi himself 

iS t <H . \ T'M ' ' 

Sainsbury’s Irish 

Cheddar pe rlb 

Brussels Sprouts (loose) perlb 

Satsumas (loose) perlb 





10 Hot Dog Sausages 411g 


Snl aa£‘ So ”^ ofSrin ^ on 

was removed lifter TheCon^OTnunKtOTW^ 


Not. the compromise envis- Gandta. 

Unrest West Bengal 

Nepali arson mars the 

Festival of Light 

From Michael HamlyiwDarierfbig 

vSwreSePKM) retain some 

s saKASK-SS? 8 *® 1 


,^t a srcoH'^ 


winter m 

SainsbuiyS Eronony Sausages lib P^^GoOd food COStS leSS at SmRSterf'*, 








speed communication, the game goes tc 
those who keep themselves and their 
customers well informed. 

Quantity or quality? Host companies 
produce a great volume of 
documentation for both internal and 
external consumption. But is- the 
quality commensurate with the 
quantity? Many an innovative 
suggestion or vital piece of 
information escapes notice cloaked in 
dull grey type. 

✓ Of \ument should be regarded as 

• *#J auch a part of a company's 

*..s ^»as its logo. 

|w^^rtfficant difference. You will 
that instead of the usual 
■Pwritten appearance, the column on 
has the appearance of being 

nf m/4 ° 

wow compares produce a great volume of 
documentation for both internal and external 
co^umpbofL Sutis the quality commensurate 
with the quantity? MaSjj an innovative 
suggestion or vital piece of information escapes 
notice docked m doR grey type, -.^Tr 

Every document should be regarded as being 
as much a part of a company's identity as its logo. 

A sigiiMcanfdiffererioe 
You will observe that instead of the usual 
typewritten appearance, this column has the 
appearance of being printed. v . ... ;■ . 

The size and weight of the letters are varied to 
carry different degrees of emphasis; and to help 

f ^j^^^/rapkics, figure?, 
charts and illustrations eon be inserted like the 

The size and weight of the letters 
are varied to carry different degree 
of emphasis; and to help make points 
more tellingly, graphics, figures, 
charts and illustrations have been 
inserted like the examples opposite. 

The document looks as though i't want; 
to communicate instead of being takei 
for granted. 

Jmfcs as though it wants to 
communicate instead of being taken forgran+~< 



• Mis 

. „.$«*** 

twa ~.J»r r* 

•Xi .ia**'.; 

*J? Jw» 


« ' • - Mj m f TW 

»W1I T.-r**M':' V*A>U^^ 3 

W 4 


^♦v* 6#*.^ «a* ^ £ 

gr*^ ; r,~- t 1 ^ 

a ««**&*»« 

% rtt ~ ’ 

I' - V :*%*•' 

v~ « •% 





:: * i#' " 


m>*< s ?•• 



1 &J§ 


W%w& a* 

» % ' 1 



Now more than ever people 
judge a company by how success- 
fully it presents itsdf on paper. 

A dull, grey typewritten page will 

1 J..11 /wotr c£SAn-lt-flll- 


keyboard, mouse, computer and a 
laser printer that doubles as a copier. 

Whatyou create on the uniquely 
large screen using the mouse is what 

new ideas. 

But now it’s simple for you to 
create a positive impression both 
fnsiHe and outside your company: 
with a crisply printed document in 
which your words are enhanced by 
tables, graphics and illustrations 
helpfully located exactly where you 

want them. . „ 

Thafs the attention-getting effect 
you can achieve with the new Rank 
Xerox Documentor. 

Neat yet complete, in one per- 
fectly co-ordinated desktop 
publishing unit, it combines screen, 

would expect from a company witn 
the printing heritage of Rank Xerox. 

And with no computer experience 
needed, it’s one step further towards 
the goal of Xerox research. 
Electronic office technology with a 

human face. . 

Try it and you’ll see: with the 

publishing. R/JJSJK XEROX 

i-hanging the face ofvgur company 

Look how easily Rank Xerox can 

changetheface of your company 

v*, :r . 


K i 



•it* * 

W& i 

I mm 

^ r * 

•i < ' II 




- T 

• • • a ; « v •: V.* 

-vy'V'-v 'V 

Call us FREE on 0800 444 180 

Or Freepost this coupon today. No stamp needed. 

Name — 





a seminar 

*.1W0U1U11M'1WBIIWU« — 1 

I tasssag a..*— “ ’ 1 

f * Any particular application you envisage for the Documenter . 

j _ Find out the 1 



Court of Appeal Law Report November 4 1 986 



Raising responsibility issue 

Regina ? Campbell 

Before Lord Lane. Lord Chief 

Justice, Mr Justice Kennedy and 
Mr Justice Qwen 
{Judgment October 31] 

The words of section 2(2) of 
the Homicide Act 1957, provid- 
ing that “it shall be for the 
defence to prove" diminished 
responsibility, not only dictated 
which party shouldered the 
burden once the issue was 
raised, but also left it to the 
defence to decide whether the 
issue should be raised at alL 

The Court of Appeal so stated 
when dismissing the appeal of 
Colin Frederick Campbell from 
his conviction on July 26, 1985 
at Reading Crown Coon (Mr 
Justice Kenneth Jones and a 
jury) of murder. 

Mr Michael Burton, QC and 
Mr Richard Slowe (neither of 
whom appeared below), as- 
signed by the Registrar of Crim- 
inal Appeals, for the appellant; 
Mr Peter Bowsher, QC and Mr 
William Powell for the Crown. 

TICE said that at die trial it was 
accepted that the appellant had 
killed a young woman. He 
pleaded guilty to manslaughter 
by reason of provocation, but 
that plea was not acceptable to 
the prosecution. 

The jury heard a consultant 
psychiatrist. Dr MacRexth, who 
was called by the defence to give 
evidence as to the appellant's 
state of min d- which it was 
submitted could assist the jury 
on the issue of provocation. 

Before their Lordships it was 
submitted that in the light of 
what was said by Dr MacKeith 
the judge should have directed 
the jury to consider nbt only 
provocation but also dimin- 
ished responsibility, even 
though the issue of Hiniiniithwl 
responsibility was never raised 
for the appellant by leading 
counsel below. 

There was dear evidence 
from Dr MacKeith of an 
abnormality of the appellant's 
mind in the form of epilepsy, 
and on EEG examination struc- 

tural abnormality of the brain 

was discerned. 

In their Lordships' judgment 

it was dear that die doctor never 
addressed himself in his ev- 
idence to the final matter which 
would have to be proved by the 
defence in order to establish 
diminished responsibility, 
namely that the abnormality 
was such as substantially to 
impair the mental responsibility 
of the appellant for his acts and 
omissions in doing the lolling. 

Accordingly, when Dr 
MacKeith left the witness box 
there was not before the jury 
even prime Jade evidence of the 
defence of diminished 

If in feci there bad been prima 
facie evid e nc e , a difficult situa- 
tion could have arisen. It was 
unnecessary for their Lordships 
in this case to attempt to resolve 
that difficulty. 

Where on the evidence a 
defence such as setfdefence or 
provocation could be said to 
exist a judge had to leave. that 
defence to the jury, even if it was 
not relied upon by those appeal- 
ing for the defendant at the trial, 
and it was submitted that the 
same onus should be cast upon 
the trial judge if there was 
evidence of diminished 

However, it seemed to their 
Lordships that section 2(2) of 
the 1957 Act not only d icta te d 

which party shouldered the 
burden of proof once the issue 
was raised, but also left h to the 
defence to decide whether the 
issue should be raised at alL 
As the Court of Appeal in- 
dicated in J? v Kooken (( 1981 ) 74 
Cr App R 30, 33) this was really 
an optional defence, and. at least 
in cases where the defendant 
was r epre se nted by counsel, it 
seemed to their Lordships that 
the most that a trial judge 
should do if he detected, or 
thought that he dete ct ed, ev- 
idence of diminished 
responsibility was to point out 
to defence counsel, in the ab- 
sence of the jury, what he had 
detected, so that the defence 
coukl decide whether they re- 
garded the issue as one for the 
jury to consider. 

The judge’s knowledge of the 
evidence available in re&ttion to 
the issue of diminished 
responsibility would inevitably 
be limited, and if he did more 
than their Lordships bad in- 
dicated he might cause serious 
da may to a defence which had 
been put forward, without add- 
ing anything to the case. 

Solicitors: Director of Public 
P rosec u tions. 

Committal order 
decision is final 

Unnecessary appeals 

Regina v MdEvflly 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Lane, Lord Chief Justice, Mr 
Justice Kennedy and Mr Justice 
Owen) reduced from nine years 
to six a sentence on Michael 
James McEvilly, a police in- 
former, who pleaded guilty at 
Chelmsford Crown Court 
(Judge Greenwood) to four 
counts of robbery with 1 1 
Similar offences taken inin 

During submissions on Octo- 
ber 28, Mr Brian Leary, QC, 
who did not appear below for 
the appellant, cited several 
aut hori ties on sentencing 

ashed if counsel knew whether 
the Chelmsford Grown Court 
bad been provided with die 
Encyclopaedia of Current 
Sentencing Practice. If it had 
been drawn to the judge's 
attention, the present appeal 
would doubtless have been un- 

Much public money was 
needlessly expended on un- 
necessary sentence appeals. Per- 
haps the pre sen t case would 
result in the Lord Chancellor's 
Department expediting the pro- 
vision of that work to aO crown 
court judges. 

Regina v Horseferry Road 
Magistr ates Court, Ex parte 

Before Sir John Arnold, Presi- 

[Judgment October 28] 

After mairfrig a committal 
order following e nfor cement 
proceedings against a father for 
non-payment of arrears of child 
maintenance, magistrates had 
power to review the order for 
committal under section 18 of 
the Maintenance Orders Act 
1958; nevertheless the d ecis io n 
to make the committal order 
was a final decision and the 
magistrate should have acceded 
to the father’s request for a case 
to be stated. 

Sir John Arnold, President of 
the Family Division, sitting as 
an additional judge of the 
Queen's Bench Division, so 
stated when ordering that 
mandamus should issue against 
Mr Eric Crowther. Ho r se fe rry 
Road Stipendiary Magistrate, 
who had refused to state a case 
on the app&catkm of Mr Gerald 
Berns tein , who had sought ju- 
dicial review. 

Miss Pamela Striven for the 
applicant; the magistrate did not 
appear and was not rep res en ted. 

THE PRESIDENT said that 
.the. father, now drvo r ped from 
l he mother, bad been required 
to pay maintenance for ins two 
children. Arrears amounted to 
about £900 and there had been 
enforcement proceedings on 
December 14, 1985. Both par- 
ents had been in person below. 

The magistrate had made an 
order suspending the issue of a 
warrant of committal of the 
father to prison for six weeks on 
condition that he paid £955 
before December 31, 1985. 

The stipendiary magistrate 
had been asked to state a case: 
There were substantial grounds 
on which to appeal to the 
Divisional Court of the Family 

These was a means inquiry 
report which was not in court; 
these was the question whether 
ibe father had refused to pay the 
arrears or haH h wn culpably 
neg le ctful 

There was also the question 
whether the stipendiary mag- 
istrate had cons i dered the wefi 
established practice that the 
court would not enforce more 
than one year's arrears. 

It appeared that the mag- 
istrate took the view that he had 
not come to a final derision and 
that there was no power to state 
a c ase until a final rfwjci nn had 
been reached: see Strtames v 
Copping ([1985] QB 920; The 
Times February 25, 1985). That 
was a very di fferen t case. 

The decision u» make the 
conditional order 

was a. final decision not- 
withstanding the power to re- 
view under section 18 of the 
1958 Act. The m agistrat e sh o uld 
have acceded to the request to 
state a case. The order of 
mandamus would issue. - 

Solicitors: Hallmark Carter 
Atkinson, StodkwdL 

• Corrections 

In D. SI <2 Property Co Ltd v 
Lotus Cars Ud and Others ( The 
Times November 1) the first 
paragraph of our summary of 
Mr Justice Mflletfs judgment 
that Lotus Gars Ltd, a banted 
company incorporated and res- 
ident in Northern Ireland, was 
in receivership and liquidation 
was wrong. It was and is D.S.Q. 
Property Co that was incor- 
porated and resident in. N. 
Ireland and was now in receiver- 
ship gad liquidation. 

In Kininmonth v Chief] 
Adjudication Officer ( The 
Times, October 17) aD ref- 
erences to section 21 of the 
Child Care Act 1980 should 
have read section 2I(1X<0» 

European Law Report 


Damages for delay in hearing extradition case 

Sanchez-Rrisse v Switzerland 
Before W. Ganshof Van Der 
Meersch, President and Judges 
D. Bindschedler-Robert, G. 
Lagergren, J. Pinbeiro Farinha. 
B. Walsh. C Russo and R. 

Registrar M.-A. F resen 
(Case No 4/1985/90/137) 
[Judgment October 21] 

When a person, against whom 
action was being taken with a 
view to extradition, requested 
provisional release from deten- 
tion, article 5(14) of the Euro- 
pean Convention on Human 
Rights require d that fae be 
provided in some way or an- 
other the benefit of an ad- 
versarial procedure and that the 
lawfulness of his detention be 
decided speedily. 

Mr Sanchez-Rrisse was ar- 
rested in Switzerland with a 
view to his extradition to Argen- 
tina. His two applications for 
release were rejected by the 
Swiss Federal Court after 31 
days in one instance and 46 days 
in the other. He alleged a breach 
of article 5(4) of the 

Having attempted unsuccess- 
fully to achieve a friendly 
settlement, the European 
Commission of Human Rights 
drew up a report, adopted on 
December 1 3, 1 984, establishing 
the facts and expressing the 
jnanimous opinion that there 
oad been a breach of article 5(4) 
since the requirements of proce- 
lure and speed laid down 
therein had not been complied 

with in the pmwwlings in 

Article 5(4) provides: “Every- 
one who is deprived of his 
liberty by arrest or detention 
shall be entitled to takeproceed- 
ings tv which the lawfulness of 
bis detention shall be decided 
speedily by a court and his 
release ordered if the detention 
is not lawful.” 

In its judgment, the European 
Court of Human Rights held as 

In the first place. Mr Sanchez- 
Rrisse complained of the fact 
that he had not b ee n ahir to 
apply directly to a court. Being 
obliged, like anyone who was 
detained with a view to extra- 
dition, to turn first of all to an 
administrative body, that is, the, 
Federal Police Office, which 1 
examined bis request for pro- 
visional release and gave an 
opinion thereon, he did not 
have, so he maintained, direct 
access to the judicial authority 
competent to hear a request by 
him for provisional release. 

The Court considered that the 
intervention of the office did not 
impede the applicant's access to 
the Federal Court or limit the 
latter’s power of review. More- 
over, it might meet a legitimate 
concern; as extradition, by its 
very nature, involved a state’s 
international rel ati ons, it was 
understandable that the exec- 
utive should have an opportu- 
nity to express its views on a 
measure likely to have an 

influence in such a sensitive 

In so far as the applicant's 
second complaint was con- 
cerned, namely that concerning 
the impossibility of conducting 
one's own defence, in the 
Court’s view, the allegation of 
the applicant did not stand up to 

It had no basis in the actual 
text or article 5(4). What was 
more, it lost sight of the fact that 
Swiss law, by requiring the 
assistance of a lawyer, afforded 
an important guarantee to the 
person concerned by an extra- 
dition procedure. 

Mr Sanchez-Reisse also al- 
leged that be should have had an 
opportunity of replying to the 
office’s opinion, which was ex 
hypathesi negative since its very 
existence presupposed a refusal 
on the part of the administrative 
authority to grant release. 

At the same time he com- 
plained of the fact that be had 
not been able to appear — either 
as of right or on his implication 
— before a court in order to 
argue the case for his release. 

In his view, that was the caure 
of the worsening of his state of 
health, which was the main 
ground of his requests for 
release. The lack of any contact 
with a court was, he said, 
incompatible with the very na- 
ture Of habeas corpus. 

It was all the harsher as 
detention with a view to extra- 
dition afforded the detainee 
fewer points of reference than 
ordinary pre-trial detention: in 

Switzerland a court bearing 
extradition «wi> fi nw| itsen 
10 reviewing compliance with 
the conditions of the Treaty and 

thu s Aid mX rff n f Mur Sw fBiwtf 

of the charge; 

In the Court’s opinion, article 
5(4) req uired in the present case 
that Mr Sanchez-Reisse be pro- 
vided, in some way or another, 
with the benefit of an ad- 
versarial procedure. 

Giving Him the possibility of 
submitting written comments 
on the office's opinion would 
have constituted an appropriate 
means, but there was nothing to 
show that be was offered such a 

The result required by article 
5(4) could also have been at- 
tained if he had appeared in 
person before the Federal Court. 

Viewed as a whole, therefore, 
tbe procedure followed did not 
frilly comply with the guarantees 
afforded by artide 5(4). 

In so far as tbe length of the 
proceedings was concerned, tbe 
total duration of periods consid- 
ered was 31 day and 46 days 

The concept of “speedily” 
could not be defined in tbe 
abstract the matter had to be 
determined in the light of the 
rircmnslances of each case. 

In that connection, tbe extra- 
dition issne formed the 
backcloth to the requests for 
release and necessarily in- 
fluenced tbe Federal Police 
Office’s and subsequently the 
Federal Court’s consideration of 
the matter. 

F u r t h ermore, in this area, 
whenever a foreign state’s le- 
anest for extradition did not, at 
the outset, appear unacceptable 

to the authorities of tbe country 
in which the pWM " mnnT fu ^j 
was p re s ent, detention was the 
rule and release the exception. 

Nevertheless, there was no 
reason to believe that the prob- 
lem — 1 wei ghing the risks of 

maintaining the applicant's 

detention and those of pro- 
visionally releasing him — had 
been a complex one. 

More particularly, the extra- 
dition cue-fik had been under 
examination for approximately 
a year. The derisions in ques- 
tions had th er e fo re, not been 
taken “speedily" within the 
meaning of artide 5(4). 

The claim lor “just 
satisfaction” under artide 50 of 
the Convention submitted by 

the applicant concerned only 

lawyer's fees - (5,000 Swiss 
francs) and travel and hold 
expenses (1,868 Swiss francs). 
The court accepted the 
app l ica nt’ s claim 

For those reasons the court bekfc 

1 By five votes to two that there 
had been a violation of artide 
5(4) of the Convention on 
account of the non-compliaiice 
with procedural guarantees; 

2 By six votes to one that there 
had been a violation of artide 
5(4) on account of the failure to 
take derisions “speedily”; 

3 By six votes to one that the 
respondent state was to pay to 
the applicant 6,868 Swiss francs 
for costs and expenses. 


A jolly — and tariffing — Sabbath ritnal for the three witches 

A fter quitting Corn- 
wall for Prance 
dose on the heels of 
Peter Brook, the 
Footsbam Theatre 
have been engaged in a par- 
allel exploration of inter-' 
national performance styles. 
Last year they wound up in 
Australia as guests of the Perth 
Festival, and this production, , 
first seen earlier this year in 
Perth and Adelaide, derives 
from their visit to the Arnhem 
T-anri aboriginal communities 
in the Northern Territory. The 
result has something in com-: 
mon with Kurosawa's tribal- 
treatment of Macbeth in 
Throne of Blood, otherwise 
there are no comparisons to bri 

Working without a director 
or specified casting, foe com- 
pany see themselves as a 
story-telling collective. In this 
case they have cut the text to a 
bare two-hour narrative. The 
first spoken words are “A 
drum, a drum” — which come 
after an electrifying panto- 
mime prologue. A trio of 
female voices intone a gentle 
setting of one of the sonnets, 
interr u pted with shattering 
explosions of fighting and 
percussion, tmd then foe . 
masked -witches tumble on in 

Macbeth ; 

Wilde, Bracknell 

<in*nt and feathers, dngs. hang- 
ing at waist level, to enact a 
jolly Sabbath revel in prepara- 
tion for their victim. It is 
thrilling , and it tefls yon 
exactly what- to expect from 

the show. 

What the company have 
done is to strip foe text down 
to zero and then reflesh it 
from their own aural and 
visual re sources. The acting 
style is that of Third World 
village comedy. There is no 
pqi phfii^ gy or detailed rfuimc - . 
ter-work. People are dearly/ 
good or bad: Iters and deceivr 
ers telegraph their untrosf- 
worthiness with cringing pos- 
tures and rolling eyes; grvenja ' 
chance, everybody (especially 
Banqno, who puts in a setjof 
witch's teeth to startle Mao- 
beth) Ukes a joke. Upon such 
passages of reflective 
remain, ' foe effect is 
trous. But such passages are 
few; and for most of fee way 
tbe action develops/ with 

powerful stylistic confidence. 

It is accompanied through- 
out by- an instrumental group 
who produce unearthly .atmos- 
pherics and extended numbers 
; with Violin, flute and prepared 
. piano. Ia particular, they excel 
in . combining fun with foe 
sense of evil, as in the war 
dances, and the witches’ jigs 
which sound like a thousand, 
insects' wings .squeaking to- 
- geth£r. Synchronized with 
such effects, there is an 
astounding flow of rhyth- 
mically, lit imagery. By meant} 
of the Wack-on-Wack trick, we 
see Macbeth's air-drawn dag*, 
ger. Lady Macbeth receives 
her guests in a vast di^riay of 
peacock feathers which be- 
comes a screen for secret 
conversations. The appa- 
-ritions materialize from a 
huge billowing sheet, and one 
of foe witches goes into labour 
to deliver the bloody child. 
Invention also extends to plot.' 
In a stroke to turn tbe Mac- 
beths pale with fear, the Porter 
notices Uood on the floor. . 

. The production can be seen 
this week at Warwick Uni- 
versity’s 'Arts Centre and at 
the University of East Anglia 
before it embarks on a tour of 

Irving Wardle 

The Royal Ballet's two prob- 
lem choreographers provided 
the Dance Umbrella pro- 
gramme at Riverside on Sun- 
day. I call them problems roly 
because both have qualities 
mote exciting than other bal- 
let-making aspirants but have 
not yet entirely found how to 
use their talents. 

Jonathan Burrows has a 
marvellous gift for movement 
but, given opportunities to 
mount ballets almost as soon 
as he left school, appeared 
xwhehned. He seems to 


have stepped back for a fresh 
start and offered three short 
dances, genuine workshop 

A duet for himself and 
Simon Rice to hymn-tunes 
played on a tinny piano was 
tunny in its straight-faced use 
of minimal gestures, full of 
liturgical or moralizing im- 
plications. Another duet for 
two women briefly explored 
more straightforward move- 
ment Best of all was Squash, 

Page /Burrows 

Riverside \ .. . 

■ 1 * v : '.. 

in which Barrows Liz Lauren 
and Sue Glasserjpresented a 
painfully intense, relationship 
among three people, any two 
of whom coultr perhaps be 
happy togethen This had a 
rare dramatic /urgency and 
violence of - movement: I 
would like to see Burrows and 
his composer^ Nicholas Wit 
son, develop it at greater 
length- * - 

Ashley Page combines an 
alert int ere srm foe other. arts' 
with a dramatic approach to 
dance. In , 1 "Accident” Ball- 
room he presents an .am- 
bitious collage of .classical, 
contemporary and sodal idan- 
ciiig with a bizarre and slightly 
sinister atmosphere, designed 

by Spyros Cosdnas to lode 
like a 1920s fancy-dress balL 
Page has somehow obtained 
from the composer John-Marc 
Gowans a score less boring 
than the mediocre rock he has 
provided, lately, foe several 
other ch ore og raphers: it is 
varied with Strange scratchy 
noises and, at times, a curious 
wall of static sound. 

The choreography contains 
occasional bursts of exciting 
movement, most notably a " 
fast trio for Catherine Becque, 
Fionuala Power and I%ge 
himself But the dancers spent 
much time dashing into the 
wings to add or remove layers 
of clothing, and there is a 
sense of intended meanings 
that are not made dear. Page’s 
need is probably to attempt 
less in any one work: perhaps 
his collaboration with Harri- 
son Birtwistle at Covent 
Garden next summer wxD help 
him get his act together. 

John Percival 

I 8796/638 
- »l Tom 7.46 GALA COM- 

cart in aw o* rsps. itoyai 

028 3191 CC 928 8800 

TonlpM _7J0pm. IP O WlW 

nv No. 8. 

ALDWTCH 01-636 6404/0641 
CC 01-379 6233/379 6433 
741 9999 WHIM 
raw caatrr cc zoo nco 


COt MUM s 836 3161 CC 
940 &2B8 

rani 7 JO Tbe MM*. Tomoc 
700 IM perl Alda 

1066/ 1911. SMBV Info 830 

6903 S CC TKfcrtS £l-£2260. 
BaneU £2X40 fOperaj. 66 ArapM 
setts Avan on me day 
romor 7.30 the total BALLET 
Ibe 9 N —lwa BM 

& 1 

suuors WELLS 278 8916. 
-TfW Can OC 24hr 7 dw 240 7200 
? EXIT4 PerfE Tout* Si PH 7 JO 


rows an not u -is tim aw 
T-. 01-278 oess 
fa- further Info. 


UK1M 836 7611 or 240 7913 
4 OC 741 9999/836 7368/379 
>433 Grp Sales 930 6123 Fir* 
OH 24hr 7 d«sr CC 240 7200 (Ota 


itehttv at 7.30 Mata Wed a> 2-30 
A S» 430 A aoo 

M town- s Express 
Now booJdnp K> 30 M ear 1987 

(POLLO THEATRE 437 2663 

34 3698 Fir* Can 01-240 7200 
TKhMmattrr cc 379 6433 
Mon -Frl 8.00 Sal 4.30 A 8.15 
Thurj mala 3 OO 



"Wonderfully funny- D.Exp 
S3 balcony seals avpd Today 

MUO VICTORIA SB 828 86661 
JC 690 6262 Party Sags 828 
[08 TKkKmasMr CC 379 6433, 
irK Can cciMnn 240 7200 (Bud 
m Grp Safes 930 6123 Eves; 
.45 Mats Tue & Sal 3.0 

STARLIGHT express 




Music ny 

Directed w TREVOR NUNN 
FOR RCTUm Special coons 
.■as ns at tS on Tue nub for 
senior counts 




.Directed tv Tudor Pa rtes 

D.T? ~ES- 
Mt 8f SteMP* 


Ever 7 JO MM Wed 230 


01-836 6111 cc 

836 1171. nm GaH 04 hra/7 
days) 240 7200 mks vxi. Eves 

L. 1 ! nStSwi 



wten On 

BAnnCAM Ol 628 8795/638 
MB. 1 ." ft fcna m irtswi Own) 

■—■I C AR THEATRE tent 6 

Flrl 7 JO. Sal 2.00 A 7 JO MB- 

•erpme. a dortoai 
_mianev” Times. Tenor 

SCERSB^ROM 2 *” * 7,S ° 

tv Fortran 
moM mtavablt - D.TeL 
PS tvr tool A FT 1 7.3 0. Stt 
aoo & 730 F IUH C IH A 

ran -toocMne. mdteBcnaMe- 

S.TVnes. Tumor 730. Ttera 
2.00 A 7Jo THE 
MCHMSMIWS coun ty 
Arthur Miller. 

SK&SSg; «*• 

“ 3*P .TWO/379 6433/741 




„ MAN- 

A fUn-tir ny 


N Of the W 

-The rantausr or ramiraus 
ree mpnuon — □ Mall 

“Very runny Ip dreg- sXan 
Mon-Thu 8 FTf/Sttl 630 A 830 
CRITERION S 930 3216 CC 379 
6065/379 6433/741 9999. drum 
B36 3960. Evas 830. Thu nul 
230. Sal &30 6 a JO 

T he The atre of Comedy C ttmmw 




written and fUrecied nr 
Over 1300 .M . i yBUtec perti 

9662. ALL Hi CC HOB FIRST 1 
CALLaO h r 7 day on B 3g242 B WO 

61^ 930 



IA1KE3 _ 





Moo-Trt 730 Thu MaC 230 

an 4 A 8.15. 

P«rt» «£*** Frt A Sal no tar 
OAP’L UB4C*. Stodente dm 
_ IP* avaH 1 hr before oexf 
Reduced prtcea Ttnra mat* only 
£7 & dO 

8230 cr 379 6666/0033- TR Sal 

eSS s f S i' w tal’ex Si m3 

prod uct i on at luuu HEAVEN 


DORY PflEVM 8 Dec - 16 Jan. 

Box Omce&CC 01-836 8108.01- 
240 9066/7. fH Ote 24tn- 7 day 
oe HR on Ol 240 7200 (no bfcB 
fort. TKkHnahr Ol 379 6433 
(no Mq Ibe) 







Era SO M ate wed 3.0. sn 60 6 
830 Reduced grin mat Weds. 
Students ana OAP-s Nanaur. 
Group Sates 930 6123 
SttocM nraMnee Dec 26 3pm 

836 9837/741 9999/379 6433 
24tir 290 7200. Even 8. TbO 3. 

Sa* 5 6 MO 



HU Comedy by Rkftard Mania 

Olmcwa by Julia MeKenrte 


BJ3T CC S 836 2238/9, 
ram te FTI 8. Sat 8 JO MM Thure 
LYNDA ‘ 8a,AO ° 

mu— mu _ 


"1 ordered nny min u te " *T 
* whochway - is 

unfaraawe- Time* ES 

— SOI 3796107. IN CM 

34/hr 7 day 240 7200. Grp Sates 
9306123. Previews DOR 13 Nov. 
Cees 7Ja Sat 5 ft 8. Opens 17 
Nov at 7pm rrues mat at 3 from 
26 Noes 


By KClih WMcrbome 
Dtacsed by Neq Shrmn 

BLCWE 437 1692 CC 379 6433 
1st Can 24 hr 240 7200 (no M« 
lee) 741 9999 too Mo feeX Gn> 
Sales 930 6123. Eves 8 
M ats wed 3 Sat 4. 




An A m er i can Onair oy 
Ken Ludwig 

Dtracted tar David OKmorv 

7766. FlTR Can CC 24lirs 240 

Gaily Telegraph 

Boa WBce ft OC 01-930 9832. 131 
Qsa*l»/7 nay ec bk9s 2*0 7200 
Eves 7 30 We n ft Sm meti 2 . 3 0p m 
raDCm JACOBI -A truly BR 


car by n MTTXin Jll I I4MI 

839 2244 -nckeunarter CC 379 
6131 nm cas CC 240 7200 




Clam Moors Ways Christine 
at certain p eite r r aan ces 
Directed by HAROLD PRINCE 
E*w 7.46 Mate We a & Sal 3 
Pqarannvai only Wr Ayr W Ort 

741 9999 BM Bfeg IM FM CM 
24 H r 7 P ay cc 240 72tXl «D 
RKB FIR} On Sates 930 6123. 
mranbr 379 6433 




Mount t JO. Mas wea zoo 
Sat 2-30 ft 800 
Stent conccMons am ac door 
MteTrl A Sal main 


AW W1 01437 3686/7 01-4341 
1560. 01-434 1060. 01-734] 

-A teSBaat ft teynoRy 

F- TUnee 



^Ttaarlous ^ 

“*A m cveoios €f 

AWARDS FOR 1985 , 
APRIL *87 


a May by wna» Lace, dtrw 
tv Carte I te W iw. Sana Nov 9. 
16. 23 ft 30 at 4pm. 

LYTTELTON # 928 2252 OC 
(NabonM ThratreY dtokh ituu 
stage! P ur l uu Tool 74L 
Tenor 600 uM 7.46 m printed 
In miha Open* Thnr 7 00- 
rrt Man 7.46. Sat Lis oow 
price mat) * 7.46. TORS OF 
MONET by WU Evans and 

Fran Dec 16 16 Jan 3 
Twice OttBy 20 ft 4A 
Weds ft Sate 1030. 2.0 ft 4 jo 


MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Moo- 
Ttnj 8 Frl/Sal 640 ft SJO 


TmiN— 1 -n e W e r fr y ra rv- SM 


“An tmaoashed winner— S Exs 


236 6666 cc 741 
9999. OrpSalcc 930 6123 Find 
enu 240 7200 124 Hte 7 Deye) 
TteMmaaiar 379 6433. 

E ves 8 pm. Sate ttm ft 830 


Direct Iran I tae Hall Moon 
Pre-tnealre food and drum 

NATmiAL 78EATWC Sin Bank 


See SEPARAT E POW P under 
atlWOI/LV 1 1 ELION/ 

iMB ten a t p ere all niRi 
from ia am. HESTAORANT 1928 
633 0680. AM COM 

/T3. EUOT I 



OLD VN 928 7616 CC 261 1829 
note 19 Now. For a 

379 6433 FN CM 24Mr 7Dmr OC 
a *07 200GraS tete930 612 3 


Beea 7 jo Mats Thu ft Sot 2JO 

■X 836 2294 ee 240 9661 


It Noe 
Onerts tB Nov at Tons 
IN CaB 240 7200 Orp Sales 930 
6123 Men-Thn 8 Frl/8al 4 ft 8.18 

CMALT *37 4806 CC 979 
6666/ 379 6433/ 200 7200. 
Grata Sales 9306123/ 836 3960. 
Men to Frt a Sate 4JO ft B.1& 
-wed mote 3 i (rani 19 Nov) - 


- a e nmu b fia my- S Dp 
Ut PREY S Nov 8.18. Opens 14 
N«v 7PRI 

MU N EE EDWARD Box Office 
734 6951 First CM 24 Hr 7 Days 
« BOektef 838 3464 Grp.SteCS 
930 6123. Si— Enl 7, 


SHOW” Wwa w wli 


OF WALES WX 9308681 

/2 CC HOIItae 930 0B44/6/6. OR 
Sales 930 6123. KeMh Pruwse 
741 9999. n ebetmar tp 579 6435 
Ut CM 24hr/7day 240 7200 


Ortth tee TV SNOW -STARS 

o p— 

ft Sal 6JO ft 8N0 

„ 01-734 1166/7/ 

0261/0120. 24Hr CC 240 7200/ 
379 6 43 3. (bp Sales 9 30 6123. 




-B ripp lra wtth Bdtennr 
S-Ttenes -Just wmsarful- CLExp 
Mon«at 8 Mate Wad 230 SM 6 

DOTAL COUNT SCC 730 1746/1 
18S7. CC 24lur 7 day 24) 7200 
0*g feel ME 22 Ne*. evesl 
ten. Sat Matt apn HMUnl 

—— ^MD H - Ur 

MOTALTT 01-831 0660 24hr CC 
240 7200 CC 379 6453 741 9999 
“ “ - -930 6123 

1 16 Dee mmw at 2JO ft 


SAVOT THEATRE Ol 836 8888. 
CC 379 6219. 8M 0479. ran CM 
24 hr 7 day <hku fee) 240 7200. 
Kent! Prawse 74 1 9999 Mg too. 
Red Prior Press tram Wed 12 
NOV. Evas Mon - FTt 8pm Sat 6 ft 

COMBY 01379 8399 OCOI 379 
6433/741 9999. First CM 24m- 
240 7200 Ala feel Cbp Sues 930 

Moo-Fri a. wed Mai 3. Ssl 6 ft 



-a Stsp-ta reviva l- Times -at tec 
most e NMMM d of^ Mj Ilteearr 


tom cam to 

Pic views from Dec a 

STWANTM-S 01-836 1443. Sdc- 
dd CC No. 379 6433. Era* 80 
Tim 246.8a* 60 a nd SO 

llirri AAATMA umiEl 


qrea 2660’ OC "f 

4103/5190. 761 99991 First CM 
24 W 7 Dm cr 240 7200 OTP 
Sales 930 6123 . . 



praM«J»itw | twiM tar 

- Man-Frl 7.43. mCwm 3.00 
Sat 4 jo ft a.16 


V •• 


(078 91 2 96623. 

TMT* . NO pern TtanigM. Tomor 
— erbeta npenr Tharsjrt 7-5a 
Sas i JO. 7 Jo. Sewn Tbaatea* 
Fab- MaM Tocrigtii. Thors. Frt 
7 JO. Wad. SM 1-30- 7 JO. . 


-The vary nca at -Brttete'b 
comic latent"' Daily MM 
~ tee separate entrie s 


836 9987/6645 FM COM CC 24 
hrs.aao 7200 <Mte late. Eras 8 joi 
M ate Wsd 2-30. Sal 80. 8Jai 


“ * 

I AWAY- D-Tei 

Eves 7 JO Mate Wed ft SM L 
December 2629 JO Jan 1 ft 2 
24hr 7 day cc bites tea eaten 
Charge) on FBST CALL 240 7200 




or any W H SntBB Travel Brandi 

01-834 0283/4 
oe 834.0048. raw CM ec 240 
7200 ft CC 741 9999/379 6436 
OSS 950 61 23. Eves 7-45. M 
Mate 6 sal 5 a 8.16 


77W/BS9 4486 CC Ol 

6860/6436 741 9999- Cm Ol 
8369962. Mon-Frt 800 WM Mai 
. aoo:sate &.00 a sjo 
T teAl 3- WEEKS 


WYMJKASrS s-836 3028 ec 379 
«565/6433/i« can 04 bn renv 
240 7200/741 9999-- Ops 83’ 
,gS62/KSl 2771. EMB 8. SK. 


'> in jbaSLT. pMc Sw af 


PASCAL 77 com IK 
■■■MgMECTMM by 

Eve* a. Sat mat 6 


WrtWHY rPOFFAT 9 ft 
499 4100. 

61* DUlWI I UM. UM8 22nd 

. 6 Duke Straw. St. 
SWi. 01-930 9332 
10-6 Sat lo-l 

wca.a-airav. n -awiday. 
600 works bv Dvtau arttete ttm 

en - 

■ flDfo WmnpdScontfoCiBSai 
Vtew. ffll SCOTTVW TSl. 
[“W. TO : eai gyg W 9SS. 
WWE AteT M tearTY. 148 New 
Bond BtrceL Wl 01-629 6116 

■WWW, wi m m! 834 8283/a T 
r 834 aw. « THhMnuia- 379 
0433. From 24 Nov ■- i 

tar C& Lewis 

mmcHALL sm oi 930 . 7760 / j 

[raia MtWN EAirr 30 a 
I 1964. Untfl 21 Nt»v~ 



A? Kfe 8 -mater SWl 


Tbe ArtWWIanbg Comedy 
by SUimuui Macoesaid 

Preview* tzasa i DtcXDni 

UrauiUFMEART. 4ih OaorJ 


■ SANTA R. Lana Lenenchkln 
BeoLQvlnB. Ry Pofcratao. Mon 

■— Frt lOmn - fipn. Sal tar- An- 
• pcaatznenr ooly. Tet 437 4 c35l 

SibuSr* •- » 



bta ui l ia 
DM 4 1 

iTPitacn^ AmdaWl; 

Esasnoa Btetea. . 
140 4 NmasktL 

01- 499 6701 

AMAZON -Life to me Traneu 
Rata fend. Mon-Sat 106. Son 
aJOft. Adm free. 

Nlt WNEU. BALLOT. 6 Duke 
Stnte. sl Janaab. SWl. 
jt_7 tei AWH tl AL EX M8II IU NOF 

Oct -TOrNov . DaflV 9 J06-30, 
Sat 10-1. Italy Bunnini cat,. 
S60a Tel: Ol 839 6223/4 

LYOl T34 9062 Open daay lO- 
.6 incStm treducad rata Sun, 
UnBl 1A6> 

teWLBWyd THE’ 53«TCte- 
«»* amah:) - czao. 
conc-.raae cc DooUnp Ol 741 

SMML Ktoa Street. St. Jateutes. 
«wr. 1880 -aol. opentoB 
Mmprraw unto 28ih Nova to - 
ber. Mao-Ffi 9JO6J0. 


Novamltaf^S^ lO - BtKa.^ 
Adtn d. Cone. sop. 

■ALLERY. 36 Store SL wet. 
Tefc Ol. 636.4898. DAW 
—■ M I T Views of Esypt ana 
mvHttor Land Monday MM 
106: SafurtLote. ioi 

GanKBM.. SW7. 

Journey mranoh TUrftteii Ar- 
Ofeswe. Until 1» Jan. Tue- 
Bai lOftJO. Sim ra-6 JO 



Yura m aaa 4,30 6.40 e^e . 


SVajH 3742 MEN n ®. FWH : 
M 2JS 4.3Q.6.4Q 8W. 

5?®^ M«Wle Shdto. 

Denhotm - Pttotu - -mm Dadra 
FOm M L30 (Not StoU 346. 
6-40 ft &4Q. 

LA»T WEEK HER E - CtW fflN-‘ 
UP A T CtHgQH H mrtM L 
■'jraa FrMtty SHOAW 1PR) 

COkZON WEST END Shaneeburv 
• Avenu e Wl 439 4806. Maggie 
amm. . peta wan a u aw: ju a- 
grart to A NOOftr WITH A 
«fS».-Fibir « 1 JO wot - 
Son), 3.43r ft~8^40L . ■ 



cunosity shop 

It » od^ to flunk of John 
Mortimer’s Paradise Post- 
poned JiXW) being shown :fo 



dune) coat or a jndut of 
4 G*nloises? No wander AJbu^ 
| fair Cooke fins to give an 
explanatory preamble each 


is tefcaHy 
nostalgia: $ 
almost mdN 


sentimental and 

threads is C! 

ness betwei 
and -dtftdi 

boys jjMQiw better than tn flppjy 
to their mother for help. 

Contemporary Art 

'.ji ■».„'■ -..vti 


Ian McKeever ' 
Nigel Greenwood 

Paul Signac: 
Watercolours and 
Drawings ’ 
Marlborough Fine Art 



'?■' '.VVr-g-. : '. " '■••• • ; '> r: 

■ 1 'tyy*** '* ' 


Back in rad life, bat stiD on 
the same territory, Maris cm 
Four (Channel 4) listened as 
Nigei Nicolson admitted that 
he only dared vbfe tire writing- 
room of his mother. Vita 
Sackvflle-West, twice in 32 
years. Nigel and Ms 28-year- 
old son Adam were talking^ 
about their zwwiy-pdb&sbed 
correspondence, which follows 
in fee family tradition of 
^wnnumviting more Inti- 
mately on paper than face-to- 
face. Adam, who seems to have 
inherited fee looks and some 
of the rathlesness o€ his 
grandmother, “raised tike 
stakes in talking abont bow we 
got on with each Other** by 
accusing his father in one 
letter of an tasenmtivity to his 
children “tittle short of 
staggering*. After this cathar* 
tic outburst, father and son 
found themselves able to 
chat with devastating frank- 
ness and charm, though to 
Maris Nicholson, still not to 
each other. 

There was Engfish kSotyn- 
crasy of a different kind in fee 
documentary Stranger dun 
Fiction (Channel 4) on Mass 
Observation in, the Thirties. 
One of its founders, fee 
anthropologist Tom Bar* 
risson, mu inspired by his 
work with New Hebridean | 
cannibals to apply -'fee same 
study methods , to the. tribes*- 
folk of indastrial Lancashire.; 
There they . encountered 
bizarre ritual, said to com- 
memorete fee sawing off of a 
five cow’s head. Or were th e 
canny Lancastrians, d et e ctin g 
southern condescensrion, jnt 
sending the Mass- Oban vers 
up? Another unsolved anthro- 
pological mystery. 

Anne Campbell 

T he Russians are probably 
the only race to have been 
more confused over the 
division between art and 
design than the British. As 
artist, after artist disappeared into 
designing and oblivion, they at least 
turns' of a revolution. We have no 
excuse. Redfern’s show of Design 
(until November 26) is too small to 
encourage any sweeping statements, 
but does highlight some of the 
problems in the topical debate on the 
relationship between art and design. 

- Concentrating on advertising ma- 
terial and domestic and theatrical 
designs produced by British artists of 
1 the middle of - teas century, the 
Redfem shows both how artists used 
i to supplement their income -and the 
strong influence they had on design. 
Designers naturally follow; tire lead of 
artists mid this 'process can be 
shortened by employing artists, hence 
1 Ronald Grierson’s rag designs in the 
style of Rothko, 

There are very few dazzling exam- 
ples of innovation in the show. It is 
l mainly a question of adapting styles 
for derorative purposes. There is also 
a sad unifbrauty about much of the 
work. Six table-mats commissioned 
in 1955 for HeaTs by artists including 
Hepworth, Hilton, Frost and Laoyon 
do not need signatures to ie31 their 
origins, but possess a consistency that 
wffl be hard m find in a similar group 
today. There are some fine items in 
the exhibition, such as a mock-heroic 
beach seme 'screened by Christopher 
Wood, made, as a mural and screen 
for Lord. Berners, a strikingly pagan 
frieze fry John Piper and a flower 
pattern for 4 tapestry by Henry 

The Redfam has been. converted 
’into a curiosity' shop packed full of 
nanresandofrieQ&j^ one still leaves 
1 the gallery' unconvinced flat artists 
are necessarily tfre-Joest designers. It 
does, however, signal fee need for an 
exhibition to examine thoroughly fee 
relationship between art and design. 

The third Contemporary Art Soci- 
ety Market, which opens at Smiths 
GaBteries, 33 Shelton Street, Covent 
Garden, tomorrow for four days, 
suggests that this event' is -fist 

ftudStenacfeHowfatt Sewrat (shore) in 1st RjtamlAriemt*ml{\S&Sk 
and detail from Ian McKcem*adrainatir Craning (1986) 

becoming the jumble sale of the ' 
contemporary art world. It is un- 

doubtedly posable to pick out bar- 
gains, wife ’ many well-known and 

1 some good but less famous artists 
putting works in for sale under £600. 
However, its “absence of gloom” 
policy , is highly questionable. There 
are hundreds of galfories selling fee 
type of pretty pictures the Market is 
showing: this is another sadly lost 
opportunity to promote some of the 
very, good work feat is going on in 
Britain. Just as the line between art 
and design is murky, so here little 
division ib- made between good arid 
bad paintings and sculpture. 

Ian McKeever’s series of paintings 
after hiayisiuo T a p l and i n c orporates 
photographs like many of Anselm 
Kiefer's works and are in the colours 

- of Per Kirkeby. Though McKeever’s 
work grows stronger, it does not as yet 
compare favourably wife that of 
Germany's or Denmark's most im- 
portant living painters, yet it is 
difficult to see his bold, romantic 
landscapes in any other .light, His 
r- weakness is the resort to the obrious, 
' as 'm Collapsed Tree, where tire 
sentimental appeal of fee photograph 
dominates the composition. 

Through the Ice Lens, wife its more 
• subtle Mend of photographs and 
paint, allows the artist to build up 

heavy-handed loops. This is never- 
theless an exciting show (on until 
November 15) ana well worth more 
than one look. 

Behind the straightforward plea- 
sure to be taken in 91 drawings and 
watercolours by Paul Signac, at 
Mariborough Fine Art until Decern* 
ber 32, is the further delight of many 
transparent influences on his work — 
and the irony of the famous neo- 
Impressionist producing drawings at 
aU. In the early days be had followed 
Seurat's exam Me wife drawings like 
Les Regales & Argenteuil feat served 
almost as carbon preparation for the 
countless dots of oil, but he was soon 
rejecting altogether the need to paint 
straight from fee subject In 1894 be 
wrote in his diary: “It seems crazy to 
paint everything you see before you. 
It will be much more logical to take 
from nature, to store up — by a single 
sketch, a ample note — only feat 
which seems perfect to you in terms 
ofline and colour L . . and to use it for 
a painting.” 

By the turn of the century Signac's 
draughtsmanship was loosening up. 
as is shown in fee three Mack chalk 

drawings including Les Quais , 
c. 1900. The ’ brilliance of - the 

greater feeting for texture and tire 
subject itself The drama of Crossing, 
-in which white water dashes itself 
against majestic boulders, is the 
perfect excuse for McKecvert explo- 
sive use of paint, but its impact is 
reduced by some unnecessarily 

c. 1900. The brilliance of 1 the 
watercolours of this period gains 
greater significance when it is realized 
that in 1904 (the year before Fau- 
vism) Matisse, Manguin, Marque t. 
Deram and Vlaminck all went to stay 
wife him at St Tropez. The pure 
colours of such works as LePo/% St 
Tropez, c. 1900, did not go un- 
noticed. Connections wife Japanese 
prints, wife Van Gogh, Jongkmd and 
earlier northern artists, abound, 
particularly when Signac chose to use 
brown ink. The art-historical im- 
portance of fee works declines as fee 
years go on, but they still remain 
lyrical records of fee seaports and 
cities of France. 

Alistair Hicks 

If any common thread has 
emerged in the Citizens* re- 
cent, vastly different produc- 
tions, ft has been a concern 
wife hypocrisy and com- 
promise. After the wit of 
Wilde's Ideal Husband and 
fee immensity of Hochhufe’s 
Representative comes a mis- 
chievous light comedy from 


Hidden Fires - 
Citizens’, Glasgow 

the 19th-century lapsed “Ro- 
mantic” Alfred de Musset, 
playing on the gaps between 
outward show said inward 
feeling as they emerge in fee 
familiar dramatic territory of 
marital infidelity. 

Described, perhaps a bale 
summarily, in one biographi- 
cal note as having a life only 
made notable by his affair 
wife George Sand, De Musset 
certainly had an insight into 
fee deception and sdf-decep- 
tion of affairs that are, in 
trivialized form, the meat of 

marriage comedies. His Le 
Chandelier takes a witty swipe 
at fee trivialization of red 
feeling, wife its story of a 
lawyer's wife and her soldier 
lover, who callously exploits 
the infatuation of a yonpg 
admirer by using him as a 
decoy . for heir husband's 
suspicions.-;' . 

- In Robert David- Mao 
Donald’s translation and pro-, 
duction foe play emerges as an 
engaging, though not entirely 
successful, Combination of 
parody, self-parody and ear- 

nestness, as* development of 
feeling is. injected into the 
conventions ofromantic com- 
edy. Stewart Laintfs carboard 
set, wife its elaborate sliding 
props, emphasizes this nicety, 
complementing the ntore one- 
dimensional characters — the 
medioae husband (an don- 
gated and-- meticulous Giles 
Havergal) and fee soldier 
Oavaroche (Ciaran Hinds, 
whose personality begins and 
enefe with his absurd mous- 
tache). De Musset leaves no 
doubt as to bis contempt for 
tire prosaic professional and 
the pompous soldier of 1830s 

Ftonch-aocrety — by contrast 

. ... • . .. »*** 


Si John’s 

The Man Who 
Mistook His Wife 
For a Hat 

AD criticism of Otello the film 
pales to insig n i fi c anc e in the 
light of Byron’s horrified pro- 
Verdi reaction to Rossmfs 
handling of Shakespeare. 
“They have been crucifying 
Othello into an opera!” he 
cried; and the nails, it is true, 
are driven in pretty deep. 

.Abbey Opera, under tire 
baton of Antony Sbefley, pre- 
sented a rare concert perfor- 
mance of Rossxnfs dramma 
on Sunday night. This is the 
QteUo izr which aS Gusto's 
-imputed sins are visited, on 
poor Rodrigo, who is about to 
. be married off by Des- 
demona’s dastardly father, 
Elmira.. This, too, is the Otello 
in which lego barely figures 
(something which incensed 
Byron even further). And 
everybody, more or less, is a 
tenor. It works wonders for 
Rodrigo: even Justin Lav- 
ender’s vocal indisposition 
could - not prevent some, 
marvellously expansive bd 
canto in heated ensemble. But 1 
-ft just about finishes offiago’* 
credibility: Stuart Kale, ting- 
ing at short notice, struggled 
hard- enough to find any hint 
of evil at alt 

The simplification -and 
metodramatizmg of tire .emo- 
tional ground-plan does, how- 
ever, provide some cues for 
exciting writing. Oteflo’s first 
entry may sound like the Boys’ 
Brigade on a Saturday morn- 
ing; but listen to the galaxy of 
woodwind activity antidpax- 
ing his love. The desire for 
vengeance may be intolerably 
and impotentiy delayed; but 
some of the cellos' under- 
currents compensate well 
enough, for fee vocal ex- ! 
pressive shortfall. 

In short, ft is very much a 
case' of prima la muska, and 
nowhere more so than to this 
Willow Song. Not only is it 
well and truly there, harp and 
all, but it comes in the context 
of some of the most con- 
oentxatedly powerful ensem- 
ble writing and paring in this 
unashamed canaiy-fimcta's. 
‘opera. Verdi obviously in- 
clined an ear to those plangent 
chord-pairs, and that gusting 

wind. * 

Marie Slorach sang its cun- 
ningly ornamented . verses- 
through to the last, bare. 


Marie Sforacfc emotional 
breadth and presence 





5 Y tWl'JAM -'■ H H - mK - 

directed Dy AO?' an NOBlE 


PReViEWS F r<0’-’< 5 NOJ~M3\ 



NfCEt WH-l'AtfS' NE-.V PLAY 

fcik song and DANCE 





directed tv TY- vCF 
W itr* IN'! FLO A ST A 
k. , Oh J T ‘ : 

BOX OFFICE (0789} 295623 

, invites sympathy and even- 
tually, admiration by turning 
foe tfetes <m evoyone. 

’ Alitsbestfoisiffodncuonis 
fight-fingered and funny, in- 
corporating elegance and vul- 
garity “but it is held bade by 
passages -feat float uneasily, 
nrithercomic nor serious,and 
by scenes where fee comedy is 
slow or laboured. - 
lylcam white, in Edftxbmgh* 
the* Traverse’s Pick of tire 
Fringe Season brouriit back 
Theatre CWwtotiwrJiMif 
and* Hare. Patrick: Evans's 
play excavates the gruesome 
twosome from amplified 
popular notoriety, exploring 
their flistorical . context and 
personal backgrounds to help 
explato, foough not approve, 
theirbehaviouras they- Unwit- 
tingly supply, a hypocritically 
sanctimonious John Knox 
wife material for his theories 
of racial' inferiority to more 
ways' than one.- White' . fee 
acting , is sometimes uneven 
and tire- production's stmt 
melodramatic, ft develops 
into a taut, vivid piece of 
theatre, ‘clear and simple and 
malting very effective use of 

li ghting . • ; 

Sarah Hemming 

• Sicven. Berkoff s 'Sink the 
Belgranof, reviewed by Martin 
Cropper at the Half Moon to 
Septesfeer, has- now; trans- 
ferred to the Mermaid, 

ljerika n jerS 

..." .New Ceramics 

.* Yugoslav Books . 
Daily 104; Unta 12 Nov : 
Foyles Art Gallery 
113-119 ChaiiraQtos Head 
LsadtaWG . . 

stanza, wife the emotional 
breadfo and dramatic pres- 
ence wife- which she had 
focused the entire evening. 
Die spotlight was very much 
on Anne Mason, taking fee 
travesd tide rote and, in doing 
so, celebrating fee 150th 
anniversary of fee premature 
death of the 19th-century diva 
Maria Malibran, famous to 
this role. The part really does 
depend upon a vocal ve- 
hemence, a. degree of histri- 
onics even, which Miss 
Mason, for all her command 
of technique and decibels, 
could not quite muster. It was 
gpod to hear the Icelandic 
mezzo Sirry Ella Magnus as 
Emilia and a rad bass, at last, 
in Alistair Miles's Elmiro. 

It cannot be denied that the 
story-fine of Michael Nyman’s 
new opera, taken from a case- 
history by the neurologist 
Oliver Sacks, is utterly 
absorbing. Dr P, an ageing 
singer, has trouble in translat- 
ing visual perceptions into 
ideas be can recognize, unless 
a particular detail happens to 
trigger his memory. Abstract 
thought poses no problem for 
him. He easily defeats his 
neurologist (the story-teller) in 
a game of mortal chess, and 
his powers of musiciansh ip 
remain strong. Indeed ft is to 
his rdttboship to musk that 
the key to his problem and 
ultimately his salvation lies. 

Unfortunately Nyman's 
painfully bland, often naive 
score, though ft has the frac- 
tional advantage of being 
played, at a gender volume 
than moat of his music one has 
encountered hitherto, does 
Sacks Httie justice. Nothing 

Hilary Finch 

no sense of direction, no sense 
of emotion, not much sense at 
afi. Even foe intrusion of 
Schumann's song “left grofle 
ntehT, sung as a test by Dr F 


Purcell Room 

Raya Roivatoen, a singer 
from Finland whose dfcbut to 
Britain was welcomed on this 
page a couple of years ago, 
returned on Sunday night with 
a short but varied programme 
feat should have interested a 
larger audience. 

The mezzo-soprano avoi- 
ded fee recitalist's dutiful trot 
through fee centuries in fa- 
vour of an assortment of 
songs, some with more than a 
piano to partner them, which 
evidently reflected a personal 

I was sony that a late 
programme-change robbed ns 
of anofeer foretaste of Aulis 
Sallincn, one of whose recent 
operas is due at Covent 
Garden next year, but when 
this was replaced by a song- 
cycle as attractive as Jorden 
( c £arth’ T ) by Nordquist, there 
is no cause to complain. The 
four songs contemplating as- 
pects of nature in moods from 
poignancy to passion are 
finely wrought and were elo- 
quently sung. 

The singer could be likened 
to a viola in the string texture 
for the quality of ber tone, 
which had its instrumental 
counterpart in the two Brahms 
songs with solo viola. Op 91, 
wife which she began some- 
what reticently, as if unsure of 
fee halTs acoustics. That as- 
pect soon improved when she 
reached Pfitzner, whose “Ve- 
nus Mater” allowed her vocal 
line to bloom to a way that 
some other songs found more 

To John York's attentive 
piano-playing was added fee 
Hoflxnan String Quartet for 
the lovely “Chanson per- 
petuelle" of Chausson, sung 
with something less than the 
anguish of spirit that belongs 

The quartet's cellist, Jane 
Rainey, was joined by the 
flautist Helen Jones to lend 
throbbing instrumental colour 
to a performance of fee sultry 
and beguiling Chansons mad- 
tcasses by Ravel that ideally 
needed rather more of the lazy 
eroticism of inflexion which a 
‘keener audience might have 

Noel Goodwin 

'•The PhUbarmonia Orches- 
tra is to take part in SO 
concerts abroad this season, 
including two major tours 
with its principal conductor, 
Giuseppe Stoopoli — to Japan 
in January, as part of fee 
inaugural season of fee new 
Sumory Hall in Tokyo, and 
Italy to April The orchestra's 
future plans include fee 
promotion, to 1988, of a series 
on the music of Lutoslawski, 
conducted by fee composer 
and Esa-Pekka Salonen. 

in his own borne with the 
neurologist joining in enthu- 
siastically and rather coruily 
at the end, is cheapened by 
context; not so in the.boolc. 

Fortunately, the production, 
directed by Michael Moms, is 
in many ways ingeniously 
effective. Nyman himself occu- 
pies centre stage, (Erecting 
proceedings, hts hods, to us, 
from the piano (is he really 
another manifestation of Dr 
P7). Screens suggesting a 
doctor’s surgery and net cur- 
tains are puued aside to reveal 
Dr P's salon, complete with 
plainly viable string quintet, 
harp and sundry unoccupied 
music-stands. The acting is 
excellent, rafoer better in fact 
than foe unnecessarily miked- 
hp singing. 

~.Emfle Belcomt is a some- 
what world-weary neurologist, 
while Patricia Hooper touch- 
ingly plays Dr P's protective 
wife, quite used to being 
mistaken for a hat And 
Frederick Westcott portrays 
Dr P himself with commend- 
able sensitivity. We may be 
tempted to feel sorry for this 
gently comic, mildly contused 
little man, but do we not also 
envy his oblivions state, his 
absolute involvement in a pri- 
vate world dominated by mu- 
sic, the -Only thing be really 

Stephen Pettitt 



Society ' 


November 5-8, 1988 
Ham - 8pm 
Smiths Galleries 
33 Shelton St 
Covent Garden WC2 
600 works by Bring artists 

for sate bstwoen 
£60 and £600 

■ Ordinal pafnaiga. (knwngv, 

and aculpftjra 

■ SefccWJtiyTTw 

m Utak b» Mb young and 
estadWiad aran • 

■ Buy and TWia Away 

' SponMflM by 

and Smote Gteertw 

Otgtnead by Tlw ContHTtponir 

A George IH Mahogany 

Oneo [One many 
treasures to be round 




h November 1986 
at The New Town Hall, 

Homton Street, London W.8 

limes Of opening: Wednesday first Day 12 iioop tv Sprit. 
AU other days 11 a.m to Bp jn. 

Final Day 12 noon to 7pJn. 

An Society, 1 

SO Jute Mb SWW. London, 
SW1, 01-ffit 5323 J 





IF YOU GAVE to Live 
Aid, ran for Sport 
Aid, or contributed to 
any of the appeals for 
Africa during the last 
two years, you 
should know that 
famine relief alone 
cannot solve the 
problems of world 

We need effective aid 

Ivi il>il«!l|lcti|T -i« -■ 1 1 

needs of the poor first 
And we need 
international action to 
solve the debt crisis. 
Unless we improve the. 
favour of poor 
countries, hunger and 
poverty will continue to 
increase and more 
famine will follow. 


Over the weekend of 
November 7-9 Oxfam 
will be exposing a 
scandal to the British 
public, and we need you 
to help us. 

Did you know that 

pa ymen ts 

So while we ran, sang 
and appealed for money 
for African countries 
caught in the grip of 

famine, our govern- 
ments, our financial 


On November 7,8, 
and 9 we'll be Fasting 
For, Change to raise 
urgently needed funds 
for our development 
work overseas. At the 
same time we will be 
saying to our 

• It's time to end the 
scandal of the debt 

• It's time for fair 

• It's time for aid that 
PREVENTS hunger. 

• It's time for us to 
become part of the 
solution instead of 
part of the problem. 

Please join us. We 
need you — your voice, 

your support, your 
compassion. Fill ini 



ments, our financial 
institutions and our 
banks were extracting 
debt payments from 
those same countries. 
By the end of the year 
these amounted to 
£5,000 million - exactly 
twice as much as the 
money the world 
relief aid! 

compassion. Fill in the 
coupon now. Send off 
for your copy of Oxfam’s 
report ‘For Richer For 
Poorer’anA ask for 
details of the Fast 

[Tsupport OXFAM’S third^- 
I Hungry for Change FAST i 

" HI fast Please send my l„ •! 

"name to my local organiser, i- 
”1 enclose £Z50 for my copy L 

"1 enclose E2.50 for my copy L 
of Oxfam’s report i- 

"1 cannot fast but send me r 

‘details of Hungry fey Change. . 
“■I enclose a 

donation of £ 

.Postcode . 

Send to: Oxfam, Room TM79, 
Freepost. .Oxford 0X2 7BR. 


NOV. 7189 

I TogetFfiSTOetatistast.cantactyour 
, areaQXF/Warganeerthrougtyour ■ 
\ local phone directory I 

Oxfam works with poor people wt ther 
struggle against hunger, disease. 

uplntatitm and poverty m Ainu. Aso 
uaw-Amenca and the Middle Eaa 

Iftroigti rebel, flevetopment. research 
and pubbe education 




A word in the Prince’s ear 

Once again the Prince 
of Wales has made a 
provocative speech, 
adding big builders to 
his targets. How far 
are his views his own? 
Christopher Wilson 
looks at the people 
who shape his thinking 

'■ iV> • i 

JC frr-'. • v-/-' 


L ast week’s attack by the 
Prince of Wales on 
housebuilders who exploit 
greenfield sites rather than 
resuscitating the inner cit- 
ies was merely the latest shot in a 
sustained personal campaign for 
Britain's spiritual well being. 

Increasingly over the past five 
years the Prince has made speeches 
promoting his personal philosophy, 
based on mankind recognizing its 
place within nature and the universe. 
The speeches often bite the hand that 
feeds him a lunch or dinner the 
National House Building Council 
are not alone in finding themselves 
under fire when they were expecting 
to be patted on the back. 

Some of the larger concerns the 
Prince deals with have become 
aware of the possibility of a Wales- 
strike, which may explain why the 
NHBC took the trouble to release the 
speech they hoped the Prince would 
make. It started: “I salute the 
endeavours of your council**. 

The speech had been commis- 
sioned by the NHBC as ' a 
“suggestion” for the Prince. He 
rejected it, preferring to work — as he 
often does — on a draft based on 
information provided by his advis- 
ers but bearing his own stamp. 

The Royal Institute of British 
Architects is a favourite target, but 
farmers, bankers and businessmen 
have all been forced to listen as the 
Prince expounded, at their invita- 
tion, views they do not necessarily 

fed comfortable with. 

So fer this year he has cr i tici ze d 
the apparent colour bar within the 
Brigade of Guards and the House- 
hold Cavalry, attacked the layout of 
Heathrow’s new Terminal 4, talked 
of his growing anxiety over the 
quality of education for young 
people, encouraged the public to cut 
through “cat's cradles of red tape 
which choke this country from to 
end” and appealed to businesses to 
re-examine their attitudes towards 
community development 
Last wed: Lord Nonhfield, head 
of a budding consortium, claime d 
that the Prince had been “ln-jacked 
by the loony Green brigade”, and it 
is true that his philosophy is not 
always acceptable or comprehensible 
to many with a vested interest. It can 
be summed tip by the phrase “we 
have the responsibility as individ- 
uals of being a good neighbour to all 
forms of life”, a quotation from his 
mentor Sir Laurens van der Post 

« /* * ; - - :?■£ 
t *V- •<. 

:><. ' ? f : 

Lord Tonypandy and Miriam 
Rothschild: gnwance on the 
Commons rad conservation 

'Ite? . 

*. v • 
- ■ -*.{« • % 

Sr Laurens ana dm* Past and 
(below) Dr Aimanti ffwwBar. 
: two global points of view 

■. ■ *£i. > *’ 

* '•* v • 

Community concern: advice from architect Rod Hackney on inner city renewal 


Jp* * 


Van der Post’s writings, which 
stem from his experiences in the 
African bush and as a prisoner-of- 
war, are at the core of Prince 
Charles's own philosophy, but critics 
who object that the Prince lays too 
much store by the metaphysical toad 
to ignore the practical interest he has 
taken in the well befog of future 

His advisers on the Prince's Trust 
include the former deputy chief 
probation officer for London, 
George Pratt, the Chief Guide Dr 
June Paterson-Brown, the former 
chief executive of the Tyne and Wear 
council Jim Gardener, and the rock 
singer Phil Collins. Their varied 
practical experience is r.hannrfl«T 
into the Prince's thinking in equal 
part to van der Post's contribution. 

Since last year the Prince's private 
secretary has been Sir John Riddell, 
52, a framer banker (and twice a 
Conservative parliamentary can- 
didate) who has been a director of 
the Independent Broadcasting 
Authority and the Northern Rock 
Building Society. The Prince de- 

rided earlier this year to bring in a 
permanent assistant to advise him 
on industry, and chose 25-year-old 
Rupert Fairfax, a former executive 
of the Hanson Trust. Fairfax's job is 
to help the Prince put pressure on 
industry to help small businesses and 
create jobs, as well as encouraging 
big business to put some pre-tax 
profit into local enterprise schemes. 

O f his lay advisors, the 
Macclesfield architect 
Rod Hackney has played 
the principal role In 
advising the Prince on 
inner city decay and its revival 
through community architecture. 
Hackney came to the fore a year ago 
when details of a conversation 
between them became public — the 
Prince had expressed fears that “no- 
go” areas would develop in the inner 
cities and that sections of the 
community would become alien- 
ated. But the Prince’s views on 
modem architecture — calling the 
National Gallery extension plans “a 
carbuncle”, for example, and the 
plans for a Mies van der Rote tower 

block “a stump” — are thought to 
reflea his own tastes. 

Dr Miriam Rothschild, the sci- 
entist and writer, advises the Prince 
on organic framing and all conserva- 
tion matters. The Prince's dose 
association with Lord Tonypandy, 
former Speaker of foe House, of 
Commons, provides him with an 
overview of politics; and his friend- 
ship with a Conservative back- 
bencher, Nicholas Soames, keeps 
him in touch with the Commons. 

On a global level, the Prince has 
called on the knowledge and, perr. 
haps more important, the pocket of 
Dr Armand Hammer, the founder of 
Occidental Petroleum. Hammer's 
rifling* with the Russians . and 
Americans have provided an insight 
into the superpowers. Hie has also 
contributed generously, to tire 
Prince's projects, from the Mary 
Rose to the United World Colleges. 

Mr Michael Shea, the Buckingham 
Palace press officer, says “the Prince 
takes advice from lots of sources but 
in the end the speeches that are 
delivered are written by him”. No 

plan is laid down, he says, aslo when 
the Prince will make a major speech, 
and months might go by between 
them; he does not set out deliberately 
to create controversy. 

Observers say that the Prince's 
• mind is set on the long-term, 
deliberately seeking a counter bal- 
ance to essentially shorter term 
government policies. Next year, 
when he becomes British head of 
European Environment Year, more, 
tough speeches can be expected. 

T he Prince is apparently 
quite used to being at- 
tacked over his speeches 
and all be hopes for is an 
accurate representation of 
what be is Hying to put across.. 
Earlier this year, Jorf-hiS' 
temper when d was reported that his 
“mirror of tbe soul” speech had .been 
directed at a bunch oflumberfadcsin 
Canada. The long thought-out philo- 
sophical s t a t em e nt was made' to an 
ed u cated audience, well up to grasp- 
ing his point. There wasn’t a 
lumberjack in the place. 

QThw WlWw mtan . 

Conspiracies according to La Rouche 

Margaret Thatcher, visiting 
Rome in July 1982, was 
somewhat taken aback to find 
that foe first question at a 
press conference was about 
alleged connections between 
the death in London of Italian 
banker Roberto Calvi and the 
British freemasonry beaded by 
foe Duke of Kent Was this 
what she was discussing in 
Rome? asked foe reporter. 
“My answer”, shrieked the 

Prime Minister, “is absolutely 

Tbe report of the con- 
ference, and Mrs Thatcher’s 
quote, comes from Executive 
Intelligence Review (EIR), 
whose Rome boreas chief, 
Leonardo Servadio, broached 
foe topic. 

EIR is a weekly news 
magazine published in Wies- 
hadm, West Germany, and 
formally launched in London 

Sir John Betjeman 
General MacArthur 
Kenneth More 
Doris Smith 

What do they have in common? 

wffl not ft strikes men and women everywhere. 

There is no known cure^searc^S need yi 
more than 100,000 sufferers in the United King 
send us a Donation, a Covenant, ra leave us a L 

Parkinson’s Disease Society 

36 Rartiand Place, London W0i3DG.’Ifek 01-323 U74 

last November. It is the most 
public face in Europe of foe 
National Democratic Policy 
Committee (NDPC), foe right- 
wing American political party 
behind today's referendum in 
California mi whether Aids 
should be made a commu- 
nicable disease. If Chtifornia 
votes “yes” to Proposition 64 
then the names of anyone 
carrying foe virus win be 
reported to the state's public 
health authorities. 

That the referendum is tak- 
ing place at all is a consid- 
erable feat; that it has come 
about through pressure from 
foe NDPC and its eccentric 
leader, Lyndon H. La Rouche 
Junior, is remarkable. 

LaRoocbe's organization 
explains Zionism as a British 
conspiracy, considers foe 
Queen, through the Common- 
wealth, to be head of a drug 
trafficking network with links 
to the Mafia, and accuses 
Henry Kissinger of being a 
“Soviet agent of influence*'. 

Indeed, NDPC members 
appear to court controversy. 
They were in London yes- 
terday calling- a press con- 
ference to scotch a rumour that 
one of their members was 
behind the assassination of 
Swedish Prime Minister Olof 

Last March NDPC caused a 
nnnpns when its members 
infiltrated foe Democratic 
Party (of which it claims to be 
a wing) and won votes in a 
primary election in mods. 
The Democratic Candida*., for 
election as governor, Adbri 

The man behind 
today’s Californian 
Aids poll is also 
worried about the 
IMF, the Queen and 
Henry Kissinger... 


La Rouche: eccentric republican 

Stevenson m, was so embar- 
rassed by La Ronche's sup- 
port that he resigned from foe 
official party ticket. 

La Rouche, 63, a former 
Trotskyist, previously known 
as Lyn Marcos, has since been 
active on the Aids issue in 

California through PANIC — 
foe Prevent Aids Now Initia- 
tive Committee. EIR (annual 
subscription $400) is a mix- 
ture of reportage and imagi- 
native conspiracy theories. 
Drawing loosely on -whle-~ 
spread intelligence contacts, it 
constructs a ferven tly anti- 
communist picture of a world 
threatened by Somt-inspired 
Shi'ite terrorists. Inter- 
national Monetary Fund of- 
ficials and even British 

EIR shows La Ronche's 
ideas hi more detafl. He isja 
republican (that is, an anti- 
monarchist) who draws 
particularly on German think- 
ers (one of bis organizations is 
called the Stiller Institute) to 
present a supposedly rational 
political philosophy based on 
“strong commitment to West- 
ern CS vacation”. . . 

Much of EIR has a marked 
economic content It lobbies 
strongly for a New World . 
economic order, saying that, 
current global economic poll- . 
ties co-ordinated by the 
“Malthusian” IMF have re- 
sulted in mider-devetopmeat . 
and conditions . ripe . for 
“pandemics”, as it terms Aids. 

It campaigns aaaiast terror- 
ism and drugs. Mrs Thatcher 
now wins ptraHts for her 
stand on these hones. Indeed, 
EIR’s one-time vehemently'. 
anti-British . sentiment has 
been toned down, though ft . 
maintains its anti-monarchical 
bias (cntTentiy frequently 
alluding to alleged dings at 
Backingham Palace and 

promoting the Idea of 
Palacegate, a constitutional 
crisis brewing between foe , 
Queen and Mrs Thatcher). \ 

According to an EIR report I 
published yesterday in London 
— “A Classical C on sp iracy of | 
Soviet Mis info rmation; Who 
Killed Olof Palmer. - foe 
party daims that foe Russians 
tried to implicate the Euro- 1 
pean Labomr Party (ELP), La 
Ronche's party in Europe, in 
the assassination. 

ELP has had a presence in 
Europe since 1974. It has 
branches m Spain, ;. Italy, j 
France, West Germany, Den- 
mark and Sweden, tbongh not I 
yet in Britain. In West Ger- 
many two weeks ago the party 
established a new front; Patri- 
ots for Germany, headed by 
La Ronche's Goman .wife, 
Helga Zepp. It aims to . field 
candidates la federal elections 
in January.- ' . 

In . Britain, apart from foe 
launch of EIR, La Ronche's 
matotoUbying bon Aids. Last 
month his organization as- 
sisted Dr John Seale, a British 
specia li st n a venereal diseases,'' 
to JurgnekJssupportfm Propo- 
sition 64 before the California 

state legislature. 'Dr Seale, 
who describes Aids as a 
catastrophe, agrees that seme 
of La Ronche’s .ideas are 
“anions”. Nevertheless he 
wiB be attending an inter- 
national conference on AMs 
organized by EIR in West 
Germany this weekend. 

Andrew Lycett 

enMU Hiwin miw 

How bluebirds 
beat the BBC 

Her brand of music, they said, was 
like the caterwauling of a cockatoo — 
but Vera Lynn sang on regardless 

The, day the BBC nearly 
banned Vera Lynn, from 
' broadcasting to .-.the Worid 
War n troops it not one it 
cares to remember. In- 
conceivable as it seeznsioday, 
thfe Rifling of the East Ham 
nightingale was being urged 
at the highest levels , of the 
BBC as “in the national 

The sort of songs foci sang 
in her weekly programme. 

ered to be a serious threat to 
service morale. /The . lyrics, 
included the promise to meet 
again some ainay day, that 
there would be bhiebinfc over 
the white ditiS of Dover and 
that she would be “Yours till 
the stare lose their glory, 
Youra to the end of life’s 

From tbe Sunday in 
November -1941 when her 
programme begat} (a low 
point in the war when no 
-victories were being won), 
servicemen were writing 
1,000 letters a week request- 
ing “our song” for their wives 
or sweethearts. Was the BBC 
hierarchy gratified? It was 

The minutes of the Decem- 
ber 1941 meeting of foe BBC 
governors, who included 
such worthies as Harold 
Nfcolson and Lady Violet 
Bouham-Carter, ram ^Sin- 
cerely Yours deplored but 
popularity noted”. 

The jmnt director-general. 
Sir Cecil Graves, had been 
listening to the Forces Pro- 
gramme in “shocked 
surprise”, he told the plan- 
ning committee. “Why 
should we hear so much of 
Vera Lynn?” he demanded. 
“How can men fit themselves 
for battle with these debilitat- 
ing songs sounding in their 
ears?” In making Vera Lynn 
popular, he said, the BBC 
brae sonre responsibility for 
“depreciating tire morale of 
oar fighting men”. 

MF5 were also quick to 
complain. Vernon Bartlett 
called foe BBC’S musical 
output “sentimental sloppy 
muck”. Lord Winterton com-, 
pared it with “tbe caterwaul- 
ing of an inebriated 

. As a result of the criticism, 
the controller iof pro- 
grammes, Baal NkoHs, set 
up a committee to formulate 
a new policy dittrinating 
“crooning, sentimental num- 
bers, drivelling words, slush 
and so on”. Vera Lynn’s 
name was not specified but 
everyone knew she was a 
main target On July 22, 
1942, the new policy was 
promulgated to band leaden, 
music publishers and the 

Howard Thomas, the pro- 
ducer who had invented Sin- 
cerely Yount as well as the 
BBC’s disciraon programme 
The Brains Trust, remem- 
bers: “The » War Office gen- 
erals muttered about what 
this sentimentality was doing 
to the Army’s morale. The 
Navy was also very stodgy at 
the top. But foe Royal Air 
Force had a different view. 
They were modem people 
who thought it (Vera Lynn- 

g en t men off on their" inis- 
sions with a good heart.” 

The battle was fought out 

in foe Correspondence col- 
umns. Tbe Daily Telegraph 
■ heard much from the anti- 
Vera faction ~whDe the A fief- 
ody Maker defended her 
stoutly. Eventually the matter 
was put to what was then the 
national court of appeal. The 
Brains Trust. “Is Vera Lynn's 
programme harm fill to 
morale?” was the question. 

Tbe panel, which consisted 
of Professor CE. Joad, Julian 
Hnxkw and Commander 
AJBL Campbell, wa s by the n 

a ten the target of interference 

from above. NicoOs and, 
later, tire BBC governors wtat: 
vetting the questions to ex- 
. du de politics, religion and 
anything “which might 
embarrass the go vernme nt”. 
The panel did not attack a 
fellow victim. Vera. Lynn, it 
pnmoonced, filled a definite 

When Sincerely Yours 
came off the air. Howard 
Thomas was called on to 
provide the antidote — a 
programme at the same peak 
hoar on Sunday evenings 
with a mate, voice choir,- a 

Vera Lynn: Forces loved her 

military band and orc h estr a 
combined, and a young un- 
known. tenor, Charles 
Dorningj who worked in an 
aircraft factory. 

Doming was hilted as “the 
voice of tte people” and was 
introduced by the Elgarian 
strains of Pomp and Circum- 
stance to raise foe fighting 
spirit af the listeners. The 
programme sank without a 
protest after a few weeks. 

After that, little more was 
heard of tire need for fighting 
music lor fighting men and 
by early 1943 Vera Lynn was 
bade with her bluebirds. The 
debate illustrates foe gulf 
between society then and 
today. It was one of the last 
attempts by the BBC and tbe 
Establishment-minded to 
dictate popular taste — or 
rather, to ignore it and to 
substitute what they thought 
was good for people. In those 
days, the attempt could have 
s u c ceed e d. . 

Peter Lewis 


A People’s War by Peter Lewis is 
published by Thames-Methuen 
on Thursday, price £12.95. A 
Channel 4 series efihe same title 
and featuring Vera Lynn begins 
next Monday. 



I Entry (6) 

5 Sack fibre (4) 

8 Friendship (3) 

- 9 Ring-shaped (7) 

II Popular papers GJ) 

13 Young hawk (4) - 

15 Varied(13) 

17 Imminent far 

18 Mexican pancake (8) 

21 Cake dressing (7) 

22 Cbpy (5) 

23 Comct(4) .. . 

;24 Estimation (6) ... 


m m m m 

■8B JB 

B fl 

jam h 

B ■ B 

fl fl fl 


1 iJBBB 

B ■ B 

b] fl fl 

■ ■ a ■ ■ 

DOWN - : 

2 Cask rim (5) « Himtfajgcxy(5,2) 

3 Cmsm cathedral city - 7 EqoivakattflO) ' 

. . . , . • . 18 Ftaicb anti-Nazi 

4 Muckraker(I3) . movemen t (K)) . 

5 Sfanh month (4)~ ' 13 Draught cattle ( 4 ) 

ACROSS: 1 Bless dDowner 8 Twirl 9& 
Show UOvertatoxx^7?dgy 18Stntfe 
Brute 23 fathead 24Ehsa^ 

(4) - - 

Iff Store p u rc h a se r (7) 

29 Assistant (4) 

'22 'Hair tangle (3) 

8 Twirl 9 Sustain IS Altitude 11 
18Strqggle 21 A ma z ing 22' 

,2 Batman 2 Exist 3 Solitary 4 Disadvantaged 5 Wash ff ’ 
UVahat *. MVqrattHBStf 1C Seta. 19 

T - 





Fifteen nomakethatadozen 

t Matters that d on’t ma flat 
Do not waste time on trifles, for time is money 
The Texan billionaire Haroldson Hunt realised this and 
gave up smoking cigars in his office for the simple reason that, 
T wasted $300,000 a year just in the time I spent unwrapping 
and lighting them”. 

Emulate Einstein’s approach to trivial tasks. He used to 
wash and shave with the same soap, claiming that to use two 
kinds would ‘’complicate life needlessly”* 

(You could take this a stage further by following Frederick 
the Great, who went years without washing at all — but only if 
you have an office to yourself.) 

Be quick to spot when your time is being wasted. A young 
composer came to play the great Rossini two pieces he had 
written, in order to see which he preferred. 

Half-way through the first piece, Rossini interrupted him. 
*You need not play any more,” he said. ”1 prefer the other one.” 

2. Doable time. 

If you can do two things at once, so much the better: 
Theodore Roosevelt conducted conferences while being 
shaved by the White House barber — and Catherine de Medici 
gave audiences on state business as she dressed 

It is unlikely however, that you will match the dexterity of 
the playwright J. M. Barrie. 

When he lost the use of his right hand, he practised 
writing with his left to keep up his work. Later; his right hand 
recovered — by which time he was so skilled with his left that 
from then on he used both at once, writing dialogue with his 
right hand and stage directions with his left. 

There must be many people who would give their right 
arm for such a skill today 

3. The shortcomings of shortcuts. 

Occasionally you may find that you have to cut a few 
comers to get a job done on time. 

The golden rule in such circumstances is simple: don't 
get caught. 

One man who failed to get away with it was the composer 
and pianist Percy Grainger 

After he had given a rendering of Greig’s Ballade’ to an 
audience on Long Island, New York, he was accused of having 
shortened it He had to admit it was true. 

1 dropped six pages out of the middle so 1 could catch die 
438," he said. 

4. Pest controL 

Taking your telephone off the hook and consigning your 
paging device to the depths of Britain’s underground waterways 
will free you from many unwanted interruptions — but you will 
still have to deal with the inevitable plague of personal callers. 

.The best way of doing this was demonstrated by our • 
ambidextrous playwright, ]. M. Barne. 

A reporter once turned up uninvited on his doorstep and 
greeted him with, “Sir James Barrie, I presume?” 

«Yq U do,” retorted Barrie, and shut the door in his face, 
ff such abruptness should strike you as being unacceptably 
rude, however follow the example of John Rnskin, who 
forestalled unwelcome visitors by sending out the following 

circular: , r 

“Mr; J. Ruskin is about to begin a work of great importance 

and therefore begs that in reference to calls and correspondence 

you wift consider him dead for the next two months.” 

*5. fjgW-to jfck yp qr bumL 

At the end of every working day, the British field marshal 

Harold Alexander would tip all the letters remaining in his In 
tray into his Out tray Eventually his assistant asked him why 
“it saves time ” explained Alexander “You'd be surprised 
how little of it comes back.” 

Yet this method of dealing with correspondence appears 
ultra-cautious when compared with that of Rita Hayworth. 

A friend once found her working her way through a pile 
of letters, tearing up most of them unopened. “Stop!” he cried. 
“There may be cheques in there!” 

“There are,” replied Rita, unperturbed. “But there are bills 
too. I find they even up.” 

Procrastination, like all other long words, is the thief of 
time — and therefore to be avoided. 

Similarly there is no need for tautology as it is quite 
unnecessary while jargon is of non-positive utility vis-a-vis the 
temporal optimality of information-communication. 

Aim instead for the brevity of this note sent by a schoolboy 
to his father 

. “S.O.S. LSD. RJ5.YE" 

(He was asking for money incidentally) 

Or, if you are replying to a letter, bear in mind the Spartans 
of ancient Greece. They received a message from their enemies, 
the Athenians, which read: 

“Unless you meet our conditions, we shall wage war on you 
and, if we defeat you, shall ravage your country raze your cities 
to the ground, slaughter your menfolk and enslave your women 
and children.” 

The Spartans, being formidable warriors themselves, 
simply repKed: “If . . . .” 

. 7. Brief briefings and short reports. 

Reading and writing business reports can be a time- 
consuming affair — unless you are like Ike. 

During his first term of office, Eisenhower appointed 
Arthur Bums as his first chairman of the Council of Economic 

At their first meeting, Bums suggested that he should send 
the president a memo outlining a plan for organising the flow 
of economic advice to the White House. 

“Keep it short,” said Ike. “I can’t read” 

“Well get along fine,” smiled Bums. "1 can’t write.” 

In the end, the two cut out the paperwork altogether by 
settling on a one-hour weekly conference of the council and 

Meetings are without doubt the biggest waste of time in 
business life — for when all is said and done, there is always far 
more said than done. 

Where possible, adopt the practice of Heniy Ford, who 
used to visit his executives when a problem arose, rather than 
call them to his own office. 

“I go to them to save time," he explained Tve found that 
I can leave the other fellow’s office a lot quicker than I can get 
him to leave mine.” , 

Another way to speed up your meetings is to set strict time 
limits beforehand — whatever lie importance of the person you 
are to talk to. 

When the German Kaiser met Theodore Roosevelt after 
the funeral of King Edward VQ, he asked him to call on him the 
next day “at two o'clock sharp - for I can give you only 
45 minutes”. 

“I will be there at two,” replied Roosevelt, “but unfortunately 
I have just 20 minutes to give you.” 

9. Pont wait around. 

Irving Thalberg, the US. film producer, was usually so busy 
that his working hours were double- or triple-booked — with the 
result that people often had to wait for hours in his ante-room 
before they could see him. 

When the Marx brothers came to talk to him about A 

Night at the Opera' however, they refused to waste time just 
sitting around 

Groucho, Chico and Harpo each lit two fat cigars and 
began puffing smoke through the crack around his door. 

Eventually Thalberg rushed out “Is there a fire?" he 

“No, there’s the Marx brothers," the three replied, and 
marched into his office. 

10. Never put off till tomorrow whflt vou can 
put on to someone else. 

Delegating tasks to others is often the key to getting things 
done quickly 

(Consider Robinson Crusoe, who always got his work done 
by Friday.) 

The quality of the finished work need not be impaired; 
after all, the great Flemish artist Rubens often employed less 
gifted men to help him out. 

By the time he was thirty he had more orders for paintings 
than he could cope with on his own — so he allowed others to 
prepare his canvasses and paint in the foundation details, while 
he merely applied the finishing touches. 

li Ex pert advice — at a price. 

Do not hesitate to seek outside help when confronted with 
a problem which is clearly beyond you. 

General Electric of America once suffered a breakdown in 
a complex system of machines and spent ages trying (without 
success) to locate the fault themselves. 

Eventually they called in Charles Steinmetz, an electrical 
engineer who had retired from GE some time previously 
Steinmetz spent a little while walking around, testing 
various parts of the machinery Finally he took a piece of chalk 
out of his pocket and marked an X on a particular spot 

The machine was stripped down — and the GE men were 
astonished to find that the defect lay precisely where Steinmetz 
had made his mark. 

There is a further point to this story though: you must be 
prepared to pay the price for such expertise. 

When General Electric received a bill from Steinmetz for 
$10,000 a few days later, they protested about the amount and 
asked him to itemise iL Steinmetz duly sent back an itemised bill: 
“Making one chalk mark ... $ 1 

Knowing where to put it ... $ 9,999” 

12. The time machine. 

Always use the fastest office equipment available to you — 
such as the LQ2500, the new 24-pin dot-matrix printer from 

It shoots along at an amazing 270 characters per second in 
draft — and at 90 c.p& in correspondence-quality mode, it will 
certainly help you make short work of all your business letters. 
(See again section 6.) 

The print quality of the LQ2500 is equally sharp, for it has 
five letter-quality fonts built in. Furthermore, changing between 
them does not involve the lengthy business of making software 
commands; to choose a new typestyle, you simply press one or 
two buttons on the LCD ‘Selectype’ panel on the front 

The LQ250Q comes with a powerful 8K buffer as standard 
to allow your computer to get on with other tasks while it is 
printing. (See again section 2.) 

IBM-compatibility also comes as standard — and of course, 
the LQ2500 is every bit as reliable as you would expect an . 
Epson to be. 

Yet it costs only £995 (RRP exc. VAT) — with the option 
of 7-colour printing for a mere £60 extra (RRP exc. VAT). 

For further information, either write to Epson (UK.) 
Limited, Freepost, Birmingham B37 5BR; call up Prestel *280#; 
or dial 100 and ask for Freefone Epson. 

And see again section 9. 


□ L 

t back 

ty de- 
1 state 
ms or 


ie L ; J 

ns fo 
id ha 

in c 
rt hi 
; mo 

to M 







tf fr 

a at 

• 3 *. 

*** v ■''n; 


l $ 


Canadian Dark Female Mink Coat £2995 
Not shown: Canadian Dark Female Mink Jacket £1495 
Available at these prices only until this Saturday, 8th November 1986. 
Fur Rooms. First Floor. Personal shoppers only. 

Just one of the fabulous G ROSVENO R CANADA furs 
taking centre stage in their sensational 1986 show, Furs On Ice. 
Exclusively presented, six times daily, here in Harrods Central Hall. 
Now, until Friday next, 7th November. 

London SW1X7XL 01-730 1234 


L ast Thursday a well-respected, 
popular but ageing lady showed 
ter new face-lift to the warid- 
Dicirins and Jones, the old- 
established .Regent Street store, 
has gone in for a little cosmetic surgery. 

* V*»afc* 

of desire... 

What is tte morality of dress- 
ing in fresh flowers for a fancy 
dress ball? Of patting year 
doggie in a whig collar? Of 
ignoring dress bills like La 
Belle Otero, contesan of the 
naughty nineties? 

These are not questions 
addressd by Hebe Dorsey in 
The Mr Epoqme, a nnpg 
look at a society based on dass 
and money, laced with style. 

The Paris Herald was the 
tribal aoticetaard of Edwar- 
dian society, and this rich 
archive g$ves a vivid portrait of 
an effervescent era. 

The cast of bon uveas and 
beauties includes Edward VII, 
in his formal suits and scarlet 
socks, and his mistress LUBe 
Langtry, whose poodle, dipped 
to read UL, made news in the 
Herald’s “Kennel” column. 

The Belle Epoqne is not a 
fashion book, bat the sodety it 
deals with was permeated by 
style. Eva the new sports 

| BOOKS 1 

brought the bicycling Amelia 
and her bloomers. 

. Edwardian society might 
have agreed that “the best 
dressers of every age have 
always been the worst men and 
women”, one of many fncinat- 
ing and apposite quotations 
from Dress and Morality ; by 
Afleen Rfoeiro, who charts tie 
ootiage imposed by ptHmgiMg 
fashions on those who see test 
in every best. 

Moralists inveighed against 
lavishness in dress and de- 
signed the smnptmi i y laws to 
keep the dames in their 
sartorial places. The long Itiffc 
Centmy train was considered a. 
sin of pride bat a low neckline 
morally acceptable. 

Seoul aorafity is the story 
of Dr Rfodro’S raeticafaMsly 
researched and racy book. 
Fashion through the ages b 
seen - as a seething canMran of 

ADD. *» !"£& 



I j» 

. _ -- 1 = — wrt*v K 


pft Ifie corset, foe "sod of the toHette" from 77w Belle Epoqua 
by f* 0 ?® Do[s e y- Thames and Hudson, £20. Right tgjttfting unoer- 
- wtf* from Dross and MoraBtytii Afleen Ribeiro. Botsfbrf; £14.95 

sexnaHty, bobbing with buxom 
bosoms, negligent necklines, 
tight Elizabethan hose for men 
and sednetive 18th Century 
lacing fonromdo. Oar own age 
. is gsSMy of the “sexual mes- 
sage of the zip fintener” and of 
recreating the 18tfa Century 
“bran shop” in buttock-mooM- 
iag underwear. 

There is nothing new raider 
the bustle. Women were ac- 
cused by Billy Graham in 1955 
of dressing “to bring impore 
thoughts to the minds of men”. 
Or as The Anatomy of Melan- 
choly had pot It 300 years 
before: “the greatest provoca- 
tions of lost are from our 

A gem sti brooch dt 
(adarged). Sold in 

as a lizard, (.1900 
r 1986 fir £6,600. 

available by post 
P.O- Box 65 
SS0 7ET 

Tel! (07021 354188 

The rare and unusual sell well at Sotheby’s 

Antique and Modem Jewellery • ’"'-J? 

is now being accepted for our 
Spring Sales ' 

If you are thinking of selling, David Bennett, Directoir of Sotheby’s ' 
Jewellery Department in London, .will give you an expert appraisal, V 
completely free of charge. ; . . • . > r 

Please write or telephone for our brochure “JeweUery at Sothebyy 1 ^ 
and details of when our experts will be visiting your area. : : 

Enquiries: Claire Parker, Jewellery Department, 

34-35 New Bond Street, London W LA. 2AA. ■ 

Telephone: .01=493 8210. 





FASHION by Suzy Menkes 




France. “I ie- * 

I jiSj& 




1 hear tint Bemris b 
f ftwrfng a furore in the 
-beaoty breriiww. Hennds, 
best known for to hor y 
headscarres as worn by 

up its mage win tte neip 
of tanew J»®*8 £***?!£ 
Erie Bergen, best friend of 
Patna'S new wmnersaF 
Christian Lacroix. To en- 
dorse the impeccable 
□pperdass connections, 
Hants has nwbto mi 
as boose muse fcSdfe 
Townsend, daughter of 
Grasp Captain Peter 
Townsend* erstwhile mend 

Princess Margaret. 

The burghers of the 

: ?.< 

v " 


started her 
fashion career 


ana, created a 
woiM-renowned hand -knfttii* 
business and has now devd- 
oped tailormg. Her shapely 
body-conscious dottw ara 
worn by the Dochess of York. 

-Men tend to pnt women on 
a p H”*”* and romanticize 
them. 1 actually tooch and feel 
the fabric. I wear the clothes 
and try them out. I know If a 
skirt is too tong to get in and 
oat of a car. Women designers 
are more practical- 
-Fit is so important. Even 
■ with my knit® I toveajw®** 

tried to do them a bit Btted and 

sexy. When I do a sail, I am 

looking for the feminine aspect 

°* "The tiling is that al 

women want to be flatted, 
even my 14-year-old daughter 
Why should a woman wem 

something that makes her low 

fatter or ngfier? 

-Haring a shop, I see wnat 
sells, I know that women who 
have had children do hare 
stomachs and I put _ little 
director peplmns at dm waW Jam 

Davies, 33, who shwdd s\ 
trained at dottetei 
Leicester, her feel better, 
home town, and 
designed lin- 
mpe for Court- . 

anlds and CbXss for Pippa WaCkveh 

should spend money on 
dothes to make them look and 

ABOVE LEFT: Edina Ronay’s 
moss green wool suit with 
black velvet collar a^cuffs, 
inckst £278. skirt £216. and 

d it be that the new 

Duchess of York, w, ho has 
been wearing her distinc- 
tive panther with its dan- 
gling key-ring chain on 
every recent outing, is start- 
ing a trend? 

Model jeans 

[Fashion aficionados were 
Lom to see who would 

haunches of Nkk Kamen , 
■star of cult Levi ads 
| Launderette and Bath. The 
hot tip was busty Susie 
Kydd (modelling on the 
Fashion page today). But 
when the No Blue Jeans 
sJga flashed up at the 
Royal College of Art pri- 
vate screening last Thn - 
day, stuntman Eddie Kydd 
(no relation) and his Mack 
Levi 501s were making it to 
El Paradis®, the hottest 
d*b in town. He was 

s urro gated by sugar-candy 
sweethearts in hoWby-socks 
and pony-tails white 1960s 
crooner Ben ZKlng sang 
-Stand By Me”. The two 
other model hopefuls me 

Andrew Casteti end Rachel 

Roberts who star in Part- 
ing, the story of a GI who 
leaves his sweetheart his 

torn and tattered jeans as a 

token of Ms love. On your 
screens next year. 






kaffe fas sett 

knitting kit 


Director of De- 

agement for the 


Jeanette loan, 
38, is respon- 
sible far tiie 

range. She trained in Edin- 
burgh and M the Iinisss 

experience at John Chrais* 
jean Mmr, Murray Arbeid, 
Jean Alto and Charnos. 

-1 am a feminist and 1 
believe that women designers 
are mnch more aware of 

problems of the body -that we 

are not all petfetf. Men may 

it think about the biaspi- 
and lumps. 

MTbe difference is a prac- 


i.t 4 ;:- 

y &■ 

s * #>\ 

? '.-. y 4 

y,~ dir* 

$ vS'V'^VI 

fa .S-- J 

-V * V. Z-’yffi?,'- 


y-*) : 

■ v. . <>> 


S'- : 

S-i'd it'A r.’&in • 

size 16 or 18 and make torn 
look wouderfhL This s wede 
ahirt was made for me. I w«c 
it and everyone Eked it. 

LEFTb Jeanette 
cowgirl suit shirt 
start £159. Suede belt £29.99. 
AH from Prtndptes at Hmvey 
Nichols and main branches. 
Scarf from Fenwicks. W1» 

1 boots £45.99 by Bally - 


siseonly,tofituptosize40'worn‘ ~ 

« use 

FREEPOST- No stamp needed. 

PleawalkwSSyfilbrdelhTsy. Moneyback^ 


| please send me_ ; knitting kitsat V3to Peach. ^ 

I I enclose cheque 'TO. made out to Ehnuan /or i ..{Total) 




Mrs Thatcher. I hear, is about to 
dip the wins of her high-flying 
Education Secretary, Kenneth 
Baker. To keep doser watch on the 
selective press leaks currently 
springing from Baker's office, the 
Prime Minister's press secretary, 
Bernard In gham , has contrived to 
place one of bis cronies at his side. 
She is Lb Drummond, who 
formerly served under Ingham at 
No 10 and is at present chief press 
officer at the Home Office. Adose 
friend of In gham 's, she is known 
to have got on extremely well with 
Mrs Thatcher during her Downing 

Street days. The move, expected 
next month, means that Baker’s 
current head of information at the 
Department of Education, Neville 
fi affin, is being shifted to a 
relatively obscure job at the 
Cabinet Office. Sources say that 
Ingham’s appointee at the DES 
was presented as a fait accompli, 
leaving no room for the normal 
process whereby candidates are 
proposed by the Central Office of 
Information. Baker, 52 yesterday, 
was not available for comment. 

New mutual 

1 have sensational news for bold* 
ers of Barclay and Lloyds cash 
dispenser cards: they can now be. 
used in each other’s machines. 
Work to link the two banks' 
systems has been in hand for some 
time and in the last few weeks the 
system has been up and running. 
Customers have not been told 
because, says a Barclay spokes- 
man, “We’re ironing out the bugs 
before announcing it” While they 
are ax it, they could by ironing out 
the bugs on the existing system. 

Eat his words time for Michael 
Howard MP, who in his maiden 
speech in June 1983 entered a 
passionate plea for simplicity in 
legislation. At all times, he said, 
ministers should ask themselves: 
“Is this concept too refined to be 
capable of expression in basic 
English?” When last year he 
became a minister his first piece of 
legislation was the Financial Ser- 
vices BilL So complicated and 
intricately worded has it become 
that it runs to 287 pages and S81 
amendments. As a chastened 
Howard puts it now: “Clarifica- 
tion involves complication” - 

Weighty Waites 

Britain is about to experience 
another do-gooding Waite. As 
Terry struggles to free hostages in 
Lebanon, cousin John is to take 
over Radio Four’s crusading con- 
sumer show. Face the Facts , 
presented last season by Margo 
MacDonald. Waite will be wink- 
ling out sharks, conmen and 
swindlers. “They can destroy lives 
as certainly as the Islamic Jihad,” 
he assures me. 


i — Good 

*1 shi 

This Stuff’s 


Again under threat of Iranian 
attack, the Iraqi authorities are 
becoming concerned by reports 
that faint-hearted soldiers have 
been preparing “surrender pacts”. 
To make any surrenders more 
difficult, I understand, the Iraqi 
government has resolved to end 
army supplies of white underwear. 

Peace pipe 

Is Lady Olga Maitland, ofFamfles 
for Defence, waging a war of 
disinformation on the Peace 
Pledge Union, promoters of the 
controversial white “peace” pop- 
pies? “The white poppy is the 
opium poppy,” she confides. I fear 
that the Royal Botanic Gardens at 
Kew assures me that any old 
poppy can be white, and although 
the opium poppy is sometimes 
white, it generally comes in “a 
variety of pale purple colours” 

Police polish 

I cannot think what has happened 
to the Devon and Cornwall 
Costabulary since the depart ure of 
John A1 demon, the media-con- 
scious chief constable who saw 
coppers as social workers. The 
constabulary's internal news re- 
view, Sentinel , reports on 
a campaign to polish up police 
manners. Superintendent Arthur 
Coad confides that “more 
and more frequently police 
haven't a due” about how to talk 
to the public. “Incivility, careless- 
ness and plain bad manners make 
up the majority of complaints 
against the police.” What is more, 
he adds: “In my 34 years I have 
never been aware of any attempt 
by the police service to train our 
people to speak to the public.” 


Anyone who read Theodore 
White's original book on the 
making of an American president 
— the one describing the election 
from which John F. Kennedy 
emerged the victor — can hardly 
have forgotten how sheer money 
power enabled Kennedy to secure 
the Democratic nomination. 

While his principal rival, Hu- 
bert Humphrey, was speaking to 
small crowds at s tr eet comers in 
the important West Virginia pri- 
mary, Kennedy was able to buy 
prime time on local television and 
so reach the maximum audience 
with the minimum effort Not 
surprisingly, he won in West 
Virginia, and the same pattern was 
repeated in many other states. 

It is now recognized that the 
main contest in I960, between 
Kennedy and Nixon, was also 
scandalous in that the eventual 
result was decided nationwide by a 
few highly dubious votes in (me 
county of (me state: Since Ameri- 
can presidents are still chosen by 
an electoral college rather than by 
pure universal suffrage, Kennedy 
depended for his victory cat 
winning the state ofUlinois, which 
he earned only by the slenderest of 
majorities attributable entirely to 
Mayor Daley’s experienced “man- 
agement” in Cook county (Chi- 
cago). If the count had been of 
genuine votes, it is more than 
likely that Nixon would have 
earned Illinois, whose electoral 
college votes would then have 

The Helsinki Agreement’s third 
review conference, tty exquisite 
coincidence, begins today in Vi- 
enna, exactly 30 years since Soviet 
troops entered Budapest to crush 
the Hungarian uprising. 

Now, Reykjavik or no Reyk- • 
javik, the superpowers are duty 
bound to diSCUSS disar mam ent 
a g ain, this tim e flanked tty their 
allies, to review and renew their 
1975 promise “to broaden, deepen 
and main* continuing and lasting 
the process of detente” on the 
basis of a set of principles and 
three “baskets” of topics: security, 
industry and culture. 

A large part of the agreement is 
by now common ground. The 
contents of the first “basket”, 
covering security and disarma- 
ment, have been debated at length 
in Stockholm, and on September 
19 agreement was readied by 
which Nato and the Warsaw Pact 
will announce and observe all 
large-scale military manoeuvres. 
The second “basket”, industrial 
cooperation, p resents few prob- 
lems. If there were better East- 
West undemanding, we could 
indeed develop more effective 
means of producing energy and 
preserving the environment Vi- 
enna could well succeed, one 
might imagine, if only the set of 
principles and “basket three” did 
not touch on the subject that aft 
diplomats dread, the other side’s 
violation of human rights and 
fundamental freedoms. 

In 1975, Leonid Brezhnev, like 
the other 34 leaders at Helsinki, 
promised to respect “freedom of 
thought, conscience, religion and 
belief’ and to “promote and 
encourage the effective exercise of 
civil, political, economic, social, 
cultural and other rights and 
freedoms, all of which derive from 
the inherent dignity of the human 

The world reacted with amaze- 
ment and scepticism, but not 
without hope. The agreement’s 
text was printed in Izvestia and a 
few months later the well-known 
physicist, Yuri Orlov, set up a 
group to monitor its provisions. 
The group included the Jewish 
activist, AnatolyShcharansky, and 
Dr Sakharov’s wife, Elena. 
Ludmilla Alefcseyeva, another 
member, says: “People read the 
text in the paper anti said, ’Look, 
President Brezhnev has given ns 
all these human rights.' They 
thought it must mean something.” 

In fact, it meant very little, the 
best proof of which is the treat- 
ment Dr Orlov and his group 
received for daring to take their 
country’s leader at his word. One 
by one they were arrested or 
forced into exile and it is only this 
year, after the release of Orlov and 
Shcharansky after nine years' 
detention in exchanges for alleged 
spies, that the West has been able 
to fold out exactly what this 
treatment involved. 

Shcharansky's first serious 
problem in the Perm labour camp 
complex was in March 1981. He 
rarried with him a book of psalms 
pven him by his wife, AvitaL The 
ramp authorities confiscated it “I 

by John Grigg 

given him, rather than Kennedy, 
the presidency. 

The vagaries of the American 
voting system are no worse than 
those that our own produces, and 
we are not well placed to criticize 
it so king as ours is such a mess. 
But we can more reasonably ask 
why the Americans, whose demo- 
cratic instincts are in many ways 
stronger than ours, continue to 
tolerate the subversion of their 
democratic system by the un- 
bridled use of cash. . 

It is one thing for this phenom- 
enon to be seen, for instance, in 
Queensland, where Sir Joh Bjelke- 
Petcrsen has just obtained yet 
another lease of power partly 
through almost unlimited expen- 
diture. But Queensland is only one 
unit in a democratic common- 
wealth itself relatively small in 
terms of population. It is not the 
world’s only democratic super- 
power. American democracy thus 
flawed is damaging to us alL 

In die current mid-term elec- 
tions the Republicans have had an 
overwhelming preponderance of 
money power. This would be. 
unfair enough even' if it has done 
no more than enable them to have 
a more efficient organization, to 
issue more literature and to stick 
more posteas. But it has done far 

more than that. 

Since US broadcasting is not 

based on the public service prin- 
ciple. the supreme advantage en- 
joyed by the richer candidates is 
that they have disproportionate 
access to the most powerful me- 
dium of publicity. They are all in 
the position of Kennedy in the 
West Virginia primary. 

. One consequence of the system 
as it now operates is that, to be a 
ranHiHate for office at federal or 
even state level, a person must 
either, start with large personal 
wealth or gain the support of 
wealthy backers, which win, in- 
evitably. limit his or her political 
independence. Poor citizens with 
mind* of their own and glowing 
i deals have virtually no chance of 
being nominated, let alone 
elected. In practice, the sort of Mr 
Smith so movingly portrayed by 
James Stewart in an old movie 
does not go to Washington. He 
knows better than to try. 

But it is not only that any 
numb er of individuals of talent, 
character and potential value to 
the Republic are effectively ex- 
cluded from serving. Another evil 
consequence of the system is that 
new parties are equally at a 
disadvantage, so that the antique 
and often meaningless duopoly of 
Republicans and Democrats can- 
not be breached. The system has 
arrived at a state of rigidity which 
could lead to rigor mortis. ■ 

Nicholas Bethell on the link between ; 
human rights and arms control 

No peace while 
men like 
these suffer 

. *V 

- r+/' 

* - 

W - 



> W * -tv *A V * 

Freed: Odor and wife at a Washington press conference 

Still imprisoned: Anatoly Koryagb and Anatoly Marchenko 

made an official complaint, but 
the prosecutor said, Tt is our duty 
to protect you against the harmful 
effects of religious propaganda*. 
He refused to give it bade, so I 
stopped working. I went on 

He was then sent into solitary 
ronfinement for 130 days.This 
involves complete isolation with 
no reading matter, a diet of bread 
and water one day with bread, 
water and soup the next, a daily 
average of 950 calories, and the 
cell temperature so cold in winter 
dial the prisoner, who is allowed 
no warm clothes and no bedding 
whatever, cannot sleep for more 
than a few minutes at a time. In 
his nine years of prison, 
Shcharansky spent a total of 409 
days in these conditions. 

In September 1981, Sbcharan- 
sky got his psalm book back, but 
he was transferred to Chistopol 
prison. During 1982 he was not 
allowed to send or receive letters 

from his family, so in October that 
year he declared a hunger strike: 
"After a few days I became very 
weak. So they started feeding me 
by force. I was handcuffed,, held 
(town and a tube poshed down my 
throat Food was then pumped in 
through the tube. The first re- 
action is one of shock to the 
stomach. I used to gasp for breath 
and my heart rate went up, once to 
about 200 beats a minute. 

“The next day you fed much 
better. You can even walk. But the 
day after that you start losing your 
strength. On the third day you’re 
worse, almost unconscious. So 
they force feed yon again. So it 
goes on, every three days’.” 

In a recent interview, Orlov also 
described his 155 days in isolation 
cells. He is 62, a lot older than 
Shcharansky, and he recalls a 
constant feeling - of dizziness 
through cold, lack of food and lack 
of steep. The two men have thus 
provided vivid and recent les- 

Those who wish to remove the 
disastrous flaw resulting from 
uncontrolled money are faced, I 
know, with apparently in- 
superable difficulties in the guar- 
antee, of freedom of information 
provided by the Constitution. But 
experience shows that the Ameri- 
cans amazingly successful 
in surmounting constitutional ob- 
stacles when once they are con- 
vinced that something urgently 
needs to be done. 

The ultimate difficulty in this, 
case may lie in themselves. To the 
extent that they tend to regard 
money as the most reliable index 
of merit and virtue, they cannot . 
grasp the urgency, for their 
democracy’s sake, of modifying 
that attitude to take account of 
other indices, no less valid, .and 
al so to . take account of the 
con upturn, prejudice and injus- 
tice that may DOW fi x w i "Pairing 
wealth paramount 

For democracy to work prop- 
erty, and to be worthy of its name, 
foe system needs to produce a true 
reflection of popular opinions and 
wishes. To that end, there needs to 
be notanly a ftir franchise, but' 
alsn fair conditions in which the 
.franchise -can be exercised. For' 
■ such conditions to be attained, 
public, service broadcasting and 
effective control of political 
expenditure are both, ideally,, 
desirable. In the absence of either, 
American democracy remains 
vitiated. • 

tixnony showing that it is still 
Soviet policy to use physical 
cruelty to break the will of political. 

■ prisoners, even those wefl known' 
in the West. 

It is this aspect of Soviet 
behaviour that most of aH dam- 
ages any prospect of renewed Easi- 
West detente. Brezhnev broke his 
promise over fundamental free- 
doms. He did not even make any 
significant step in. that direction. If 
anything, things are worse. 

Soviet citizens who seek to 
marry foreigners are still kept 
waiting for permission, sometimes ; 

* forywri- Tig H uTiilnffniw malrw 

mockery of the Helsinki promise 
not to expel “nor otherwise 

■ penalize” foreign journalists. 
Families remain split, nnahle to 
reunite either permanently or for 
visits. Many Soviet , citizens are 

* allowed no mail from abroad, in 
violation of the universal postal 
convention, and their telephones i 

■ are cut off for political reasons. 

Anatoly Marchenko, one of Dr 
Orlov’s original monitors, is today ; 
on hunger strike in Chistopol 
prison. Anatoly Koryagin, who 
monitored the KGB’s abuse of 
psychiatry, is in a labour camp. 
The number of Jews allowed to 
emigrate has plummeted since the 
- 1970s and is now almost zero. 
Western public opinion reacts 
to tins' with horror and terror. It 
causes as to distrust and fear the 
Soviet Union. It strengthens our 
resolve to defend ourselves. Our 
feelings therefore about the re- 
pression of Soviet dissidents are 
not only “bourgeois” soft-hearted- 
ness, still less do they arise from 
any malicious or dangerous urge 
to overthrow Russia’s Communist 
system. They are the result of a 
belief that so long as these abuses 
continue there can be no firmly 
based peaceL 

. This was the thrust of Orlov's 
own remarks to President Reagan 
two days after be was thrown out 
of Russia: “Disarmament is not 
the mflfn thing. Nuclear weapons 
can never be entirely done away 
with. Even if they are all de- 
stroyed, the technology remains, 
factories remain. So long as there 
is mistrust between East and West, 
resulting from KGB repressions, 
there is a risktharthe weapons wfll 
be rebuilt. 

“The only answer is to allow the 
Soviet people to mix with the 
outside world and receive inform- 
ation freely. It is not a matter of 
destroying our socialist society, 
but foe country must. become 
more open. People must no longer 
be arrested for providing informa- 
tion. If they are, it is not only a 
violation of human rights, it also 
makes nuclear war more likely.” 
Only if tire Western negotiators 
in Vienna can convince the Soviet 
Union that a dear link exists 
between nuclear arms and tire 
treatment of men like Orlov and 
Shcharansky is there any chance 
that the meeting, or any new 
Reykjavik, will succeed. 

QTI— Hampapat. m 

Lard Bethell is vice-chairman of 

the human rights subcommittee of 

the European Parliament 

Rosemary Righter reveals the secret affihatkm of the man aiming to get Britain back into Unesco 

M’Bow’s best friend, at $3,000 a month 

Unesco’s relations with the west- 
ern press have been stormy for 
over a decade. Its controversial 
policies and tire eccentricities of 
its management under Amadou 
Mahtar M*Bow, its director-gen- 
eral since 1974, have courted 
critical investigation of the kind 
no organization welcomes. 

Tensions have been unavoid- 
able. M’Bow has put Unesco 
virtually on a war footing with 
journals from Le Monde to The 
Economist. Those journalists who 
have seriously breached the wall 
of secrecy behind which M’Bow 
constrains his bureaucrats to op- 
erate have been subjected to 
personal abuse and, in the case of 
L' Express. to litigation brought by 
M’Bow himself. 

A generally favourable account 
of M’Bow’s stewardship of 
Unesco has, however, appeared in 
The Guardian. For the past 18 
months, and particularly in the 
three before Britain’s withdrawal 
last December, reports and fea- 
tures in The Guardian by Arthur 
Gavshon. a retired Associated 
Press correspondent, have as- 
serted that Mrs Thatcher acted as 
President Reagan's poodle and 

t DritninV iwi n^ rtr Rrtt j*» 

putting Unesco on notice and then 
in leaving. 

The evidence offered by Gav- 
shon is weak. Britain's withdrawal 
was based on its own pessimistic 
assessment ofUnesco. The Ameri- 
cans may have wished, after their 
own departure, to help edge 
Britain through the door, but were 
politely told that the government 
must readi its own decision, and 
Foreign Office officials and min- 
isters alike were careful to distance 
themselves from diplomatic pres- 
sures. Gavshon’s articles conve- 
niently overlooked resignation 
statements by some of Unesco’s 
most respected staff and foe 
increasingly outspoken demands 
for reform by other member 

Remote as it is from the real 

facts about either Unesco or 
Britain, the myth promoted by 
Gavshon does bear a striking 
resemblance to M’Bow’s own 
conspiracy theory, set out most 
recently in the October 24 Nouvel 
Observatatr. This is perhaps not 
surprising. From June 1 985, under 
consultant contracts sometimes 
worth S3, 000 a month plus gen- 
erous expenses, Gavshon has been 
directly in Unesco’s pay. 

T mvltino firniimtlv in I Tnp«m 

for consultations and required to 
report at least monthly to Doudou 
Diene, M’Bow’s principal spokes- 
man and acting head of Unesco’s 
external relations department, 
Gavshon has been given sweeping 
responsibilities. They have in- 
cluded providing Unesco material 
to the British media, advising 
Unesco on its public relations here 
and promoting an information 
strategy through the United Na- 
tions Association, wining and 
dining MPs and mobilizing efforts 
first to prevent Britain’s departure 
and now to encourage its return. 
In the last six months of last year 
alone, the cost to Unesco was 
around $25,000. 

Gavshon's contract was again 
renewed last June, effectively as 
Unesco’s liaison officer in Britain, 
after be reported to Diene that he 
and Lord Ennals, president of the 
United Nations Association, had 
. jointly planned the laimr-hing of a 
new group to campaign for 

Britain's return. Those he had 
successfully canvassed for sup- 
port. Gavshon told Unesco, in- 
cluded Labour and Liberal MPs 
and Tories such as Sir Anthony 
Kershaw, chairman of the -Com- 
mons foreign affairs committee, 
Rowm Wpjlc and — nmvided his 

name was kept out of the lim elight 
— Edward Heath. 

Friends of Unesco will be 
launched today, Unesco’s 40th 
anniversary, under the direction 
of Wells and Ennals at the House 
of Commons. Lord Ennals, who is. 
an okl friend of Gavshon, yes-’ 
terday said that it was “incon- 
ceivable” that Gavshon could 
have been paid by Unesco. __ . 

' There is nothing to prevent 
Unesco from lobbying British 
public opinion or seeking to 
influence the press. But for some- 
one on Unesco’s payroll to pose as 
as independent journalist and 
lobbyist takes matters somewhat 

The secrecy surrounding Gav- 
shon’s contracts and activities, the 
details of which axe supennzed 
only by M’Bow’s most trusted 
aides, indicates Unesco’s aware- 
ness of the questionable nature of 
its chosen method. Gavshon, 
asked yesterday whether be had 
told The Guardian first, said 
“No.” but quickly added: “I don’t 
think I am foiled on to discuss, it's 
between The Guardian and 
myself” The deputy editor of The 
Guardian said yesterday that he 
was unaware erf Gavshon's pos- 
ition wfrh I Inpf^ri, 

Lighting up a 

new debate 

Therearc some things which “you 
just don't say”, unless yon wish to 
be spat upon. Of course everyone 
says these unsayabte Things, but 
' they do so only ■ behind dosed 
doors and. surrounded by like* 
minded people. 

It is not done, at least among the 
supposedly educated classes, pub- 
lady to. orate pejorative remarks 
about northerners, although you 
can be as rude, as you Eke about 
southerners. One may sneer — 
indeed . it has ^become - socially 
ofcfigalory.todoso— at the middle 
classes, especially the lower mid- 
dle classes, but not at the lower, 
orders. .It is still dangerous, even... 
after semi years of Mrs Thatcher, 
to suggest drat any of die pom; the 
sick or the criminal might bear 
some responsibility for inezr pov- 
erty, sickness or crime. And it is a. 
yen brave or foolish mail; who 
wilf point to the valuable role 
played by sptmteneousiy pro- 
duced stigma, exclusion, gossip, 
secrecy and fear — as well as 
praise, emulation, and positive 
reward — in maintaining social 

There is an intriguing sub-group 
of these unsayabte things. Things 
which arc “over”. They are mat-. . 
ters on which it was possible, even - 
mandatory, to hold one of several 
views .but now they have been 
- decided: topics which were once 
on foe agenda for debate but arc - 
now “over”. I fear that Smith 
Africa is more or less “over”: 
Those who supported South Af- 
rica, or rather did not support the 
subversion of South Africa, have 
simply stopped expressing their 
views — for all I know even 
holding them — and have mov ed 
on to some other topic. 

Ca pital punishment is “over”, 
for “serious” politicians that is. 
Society’s sixth form had its debate 
on hang in g and reg a idstfae cfamn - 
ours of third formers to bring back 
die topic as showing predictable 
ignorance about the procedures of 
agenda. Education vouchers axe' 
pronounced “over” once every 
year. Express views wbch are 
“over” and you wifl not be spat 
on, just positively ignored. And 
that, in a publicity hungry age, is 
worse. „ 

So the authors of e recent bbok 

a assessment 

(edited by Robert Tollfeon, 
Lexington Books) are much to be 
congratulated. There is nothing 
the anti-smoking lobby wants 
more than to 'have die xmnkriqr 
debate declared “over”. In the 
Seventies smoking and health was 
a subject for debate. By die 1983 
World Co nfe r en ce on Smoking 
and HraWi at Winnipeg, the anti- 
smokers were dedaring drat the 
scientific facts had decided die 
issue, the scientific debate was 
“over”; all that remained was the 
formulation of policies to reduce 

and n Umwld y eliminate sm n lring 

But Professor Tdflisqn and his 
colleagues are obstinate: die de- 
bate remains open. " 

Or rather debates: there are 
several. There is a debate about 
whether smoking causes lung can- 

cer, coronary heart disease and 
o ther medical problems; a debate, 
argues one coutribntor, flawed by 

ferns of sdfsdection and around a 
hypothesis which does not explain 
how a given amount of smoking 
produces ■ quite different health 
effects in different c ountrie s . The 
scientific facts are certainly 
compatfolewith a view that some 
persons are co nsti tutionally pre- 
disposed to Zhese illnesses and to 
smoking rather than the latter 
Oamring the former. What is dear 
is that the facts arc rsat conclusive. 

There is a debate about whether 
smokers’ smoking has serious 
effects on the health of non- 
smokers sharing offices, bars or 
factorie s with them — so-called 
passive smokers. No substantial 
evidence is found to suggest that ft 
does. This does not mean that 
non-smokers may not find 
smokers’ smoking unpleasant, bat 
that uryet another debate and one 
which includes many other activ- 
ities— such as the paying of music 
- in pubfic places. These are matters 

which ' (to not, despite the anti- 
smoker lobby’s ideas for govern- 
ment regulation, necessarily 
require state intrusion: They can 
be dealt with by the market- 
inspired wish of cafes, bars and 
shops to cater for the- majority of 
their customers. 

. There is a debate about why 

r ig people smoke. It may have 
more to do with personal 
enjoyment, foe influence of peers, 
the example of parents and the 
wwang of tensi on tfwtn the modi 

. rbrimeit “ manip ulation” by the 
advertising agencies handling to- 
bacco accounts. The tobacco com- 
panies themselves have an 
obvious vested in te re st but yet 
another debate concerns the toss, 
obvious interests of the anti- 
smoking lobbies, and more 
particularly those who depend for 
their salaries on the maintenance 
of government programmes to 
reduce smoking. They too have an 
interest in tire “facts”. Indeed 
there are facts about them which 
are notable, not least that the anti- 

smokers increasingly took, as did 
their temperance predecessors, 
tike a mwidte-dass clique deter- 
mined to impose their views on 
the smoking lower classes. And 
there is room for considerable 
disagreement about foe aiky rf . 
social costs of smoking. 

Democratic and supposedly 
rational societies set great store by 
debate both to sift facts by. 
co mp e ti tion and to reconcile foe 
claims of different i n terests. One 
-does not have to agree with 
Professor Tcdlison and his col- 
leagues in order to applaud their 
work. It is not their views — 
though they are important — . 
which should command sympathy 
but their attempt to go on putting 
views, to maintain and inforove 
debate. Conversely, one can only 
be suspicions of those in foe anti-' * 
smoking lobby who are so eager to 
declare that the competition in 
ideas is oyer. 

The author is. Director of The 
Social Affairs Unit 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 


An unpleasant surprise awaits the 
government this meaning in the 
form of a new poll showing the 
Tories weft behindin the popular- 
ity stakes. In answer to the- 
question. Who would you vote for 
if there were an election tomor- 
row?, people said: 

BBC 54% : 

Tories 41% 

Others 5% 

Pollsters declared themselves 
startled by the results, which have ' 
never before shown the BBC in the 
lead, or indeed in the lurch. Their 
explanation for the upset is that 
bcause - the Tories have been 
attacking the BBC with such 
angle-minded venom, foe last ten 
days; the electorate has come to 
assume tint the BBC must be the 
Chief opposition party. V 
“Don't forge? that people have a 
very short memory in politics,” - 
says poll chief Robert Gloucester. 
.“They have no sense of history in 
a television age. It's very rare to 
find someone who can remember ■ 
the name of the Labour leader 
before Neil Kinnock, and most 
people cannot conceive thqt the 
Tones -ever had, any leader but 
Mrs Thatcher. Labour has hardly 
been mentioned in the last fort- 
night. AS the confrontation has 
been between, the Tories and the 
BBC. . Therefore voters believe 
that the BBC is the opposition.” 

- One reason for the unusually - 
good showing of the BBC is that 
the Tories have chosen to figfat ' 
their battle on the subject of 
betievabflity. Nobody think* that 
the BBC is specially befievabte — 
it's just that most people find the 
Tones especially hard to believe. 

were asked the question: “Do you 
believe what the Tories tell you?” 

- « 0 % 

Don’t know..- 25% .. 

Dent thinkso 109b 

Yes, but not TebWt . 5% - 

“This is probably b ecame the 
voters have folk memories of 
those legendary Saatchi aid 
Saatchi ads," ays Gloucester,- “in 
which the Tories said they would 
bring down unemployment, pub- 
lic spending, etc. They' are also 
well aware that whenever the 
Tories, are asked' a question, they, 
never answer it It is a wefl-known ■ 
feet that when Nigel Lawson. was • 

asked, ‘Not a very nice day, is itT, ' ~ 

. be answered: ‘If you cast your 
minds back to what weather was 
tike under Labour, yon wouldn’t . . 

ask such a question’. - 

“Now, it is a function of -‘S 
government to rearrange the truth 3 .-.v' 

and attack the opposition — some v 
would say the only function - but 7 h - ; ’ 
when, the government pretends to --- 
have a monopoly of the troth, then 
it . must not be surprised if people - v* ? 
flock to tire opposition. In this \b , . r-J 
case, the BBC” :V f 

It as must now seem possible, ^ 7 

the BBC is swept to power in an -- 
election, what sort of government “ 

would it provide? Judging by past ' • - >. "* 

performance, it would depend on 
tried and trusted ideas, many 
repeats of old successes, a lot of 
American imports and Terry . V 
WoganJfhis is exactly the sameas. ..y 
Tory policy, with the exception of :S V 
Texty Wogaa Does tins mean that r i* „f. 
Wogan would be prime minister? ;<1 >*. 

“I think you’d fold that Tray * v : ‘- 

Wogan would quickly be sold on ' 

into private hands,” said Robert : 

. Gloucester, who knows nothing « ■ .■ 

‘about these thing c but was'the -- ^ [. 

only spokesman we could get told V • 

of last m 8 ht “I fancy Sir Robin , -i Jju 
B ay fra* No 10, with a scattering of- . : z 
Diznblebys and Tusas making the ..... ^ ■*>’. . 

Cabinet credible. We must just ~ \ / 

hope drat tire Frank Boughs arid s J 
David Col eman* don’t make irto ^ 

tire top.Act»aIty, I quite fancy tire^i 5V;-. 
BBC as a g ove rn ment Whenever. 
tire Tories attack, it for being: left 
wing, . don’t forget that every j”: 

employee ofthe BBC is convinced H 
they’re working for a. deeply righr- .. 

wing otganizarion.” ;* x 

One attractive Uring abouTthe ■'•t 
BBC as an opposition, partyis that 
it spends very little of lts itime- JV*:- 
attacknig the gov er n ment, which' »v ^.r 

is most unusual for an opposition. : j 
Indeed, it spends much rart&time • y 1 J 
making TV programmes aboul 

railways and wfld life, wbidf is - vH 
quite unheard of far an.ranjos- - ^ '• 

turn. Feople seem to like mis. Jt * 
seems rather dvifoed. If does sot V. T • . : 
fit the BBC to be a next govern- s 
mem; of course, hut that does set; A r -<u ; 

surpise Robert Gloucester; %, r m • 

“Nobody is really ^fitted to W 0 *'. : 

the next gov ernment. Actziklty»: : ;»4. r. r 
that’s not a bad idea, at th** ^ ij 
either . . "And as he says fta . ‘ r " 

Strange look comes intohiseyes. . * 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 03-481 4100 


Questions over future of BBC 



The agreement between the 
US and Japan on the dollar's 
value against the yen com- 
pletes an informal exc hange 
rate framework between the 
major currency blocs. In re- 
sponse toa half per cent cut in 
the Japanese discount rate the 
US Treasury Secretary, Mr 
jjgus Baker, has publicly 
agreed that the present yen rate 
is “broadly consistent” with 
the economic fundamentals of 
the two countries. 

DoIIar-Deulschemark rela- 
tions are less clearly defined, 
but Herr Karl Otto Foetal, the 
Bundesbank president, has 
made it dear recently in a 
speech in London that he 
thinks the dollar’s depred- 
ation against the mark has 
gone far enough. So the 
present exchange rates be- 
tween the three economic 
super-powers of the west at 
least have some offidal sanc- 
tion. And in Europe the major 
currencies, with the exception 
of sterling, are held in a 
defined relationship by the 
European Monetary System. 
^Many hoped that an agree- 
ment of this kind on currency 
stability would be achieved at 
the meeting of the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund at the 
end of September. If it had 
been, much of the recent 
turmoil in foreign exchange 
markets might have been 
avoided. Instead the Germans 
and the Americans agreed 
publidy to disagree about the 

amount of stimulus that would 
be beneficial to the German 
economy, and attacks on the 
dollar intensified 

Whether present exchange 
rates really will prove consis- 
tent with the economic fun- 
damentals for very long must 
be doubtful. Although last 
week’s US trade figures were 
certainly more encouraging 
than of late the defidt remains 
huge. A half point cut in the 
Japanese discount rate, un- 
supported by any fiscal expan- 
sion, is unlikely to have more 
than a marginal effect on 
Japanese demand for Ameri- 
can exports. Nor is it dear how 
far offidal sanction of present 
exchange rate patterns implies 
a commitment to defend 
them. Nevertheless a pattern 
has been imposed where there 
was no clear pattern before and 
that is an important move 
away from the world of freely 
floating rates which has for the 
most part ruled since the early 

Sterling remains outride 
these major currency blocs, 
but it is not unaffected by 
them. Just as the pound feU 
when the dollar was felling so 
now it is rising in the dollar’s 
wake. Superimposed on the 
movement of the dollar is 
speculation about the 
rehabilitation of Opec and a 
rise in the price of off following 
the dismissal of Sheikh Ya- 
tnani. Saudi Arabia is said to 
be determined to secure a price 

increase to about $18 a barrel, 
though a more important in- 
fluence on the oil price than 
the cohesion or otherwise of 
Opec is likely to bea pick-up in 
demand following higher eco- 
nomic growth in the devel- 
oped world next year. 

A firmer trend in sterling, 
the disappearance of the threat 
of still higher interest rates and 
the possibility of increased off . 
revenues all make for a more 
promising background to the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer’s 
Autumn Statement later this 
month. Higher revenues from 
oil taxation will serve both to 
whet the appetite of the 
Government’s backbenchers 
for further cuts in the basic 
rate of income tax in the 
Budget and to reassure finan- 
cial markets that any cuts will 
not be at the expense of a 
prudent level of borrowing. It 
is not often that a Chancellor 
can hope to please both these 
constituents at the same time. 

Looking beyond the short 
term, however, sterling’s isola- 
tion from foe world's major 
currency blocs most leave one 
a little nervous. In a world 
where consensus about eco- 
nomic management is elusive 
exchange volatility is a feet of. 
life. But fora small to medium 
sized country like Britain to 
stand aside from the major 
groupings and resign itself to 
being buffeted around in the 
slipstream of the economic 
juggernauts is quixotic. 


: fnH 

’’ Today’s midterm election for 
foe United States Congress 
brings to a welcome end a 

- campaign that has notably 
failed to stir the voters. One 
foil at the weekend showed 
that only 25 per cent of foe 
electorate had paid “a lot of 
attention” to it, while 34 per 
cent had paid “not much”. 

- This represents a fell from 

- what was never a very high 
" degree of enthusiasm in pre- 
vious _ midterm campaigns. 
Observers accordingly predict 
that today’s turnout is likely to 
be nearer the 37.5 per cent of 
1978 than to the 41 per cent of 

The principal reason for this 
apathy is that, tike Churchill’s 
famous pudding, the campaign 
has had no theme. Local topics 
have predominated and no 
national issue has emerged to 
gfre a unity to foe various 
local contests. 

At one time, the stalled 
economy seemed likely to ‘ 
provide foe Democrats with 
ammunition. In foe tradition- 
ally Republican farm states, 
now suffering from a reces- 
sion, it has done so. Nation- 
wide, however, inflation at 2 
per cent and unemployment at 
foe level bequeathed by Presi- 
dent Carter have blurred foe 
issue. Democrats have not 
been able to cry “depression” 
nor Republicans “prosperity” 
with any persuasiveness. 

There has been a similar 
^blurring of the issues of Reyk- 
javik and arms control With 
foe Administration anxious to 
demonstrate its commitment 
to arms control and the Demo- 
crats wary -of seeming to 
endorse Mr Gorbachov's ver- 
sion of what happened at 
Reykjavik, the two parties 
have ended up sounding 
remarkably similar. The 
nearest thing to a national 

issue has been drug abuse. 
Since everyone is against drug 
abuse, however, foe can- 
didates have had to compete in 
their degree of hostility to it. It 
would be surprising if many 
votes were won or lost on this 

In foe absence of a great 
national issue, personalities 
and local affairs will probably 
determine most votes. But 
these are unlikely to favour 
one party over another nation- 
ally. Similarly, menmb e pts 
have a general advantage over 
challengers^- Hence, the 
Republicans may well lose the 
Senate seat in Nevada which 
they would certainly have 
retained if Senator Paid Laxalt 
had sot retired. But incum- 
bency, too, is bipartisan. The 
factors that seem likely to 
favour one party over another 
are money, organization and 
foe presidency. 

In each case, foe Repub- 
licans stand to benefit. It is 
estimated, for instance, that 
this year they have outspent 
the Democrats by five to one. 
This money has gone mainly 
on paid television advertising 
— now the principal means 
whereby the candidates in- 
fluence foe voters. Since the 
paid advertisements are gen- 
erally negative “knocking 
copy”, this might also help to 
explain the apathy of the 

Political organization is 
correspondingly less im- 
portant than it used to be. 
Nonetheless, with foe decline 
of union organization which 
traditionally “get out” the 
Democratic vote, and with foe 
development of computerized 
direct mail techniques which 
the Right has pioneered in 
politics, foe Republicans have 
an advantage here as well. 

The popularity of President 

Reagan is foe final and per- 
haps foe most vital advantage 
that his party possesses. He 
has been campaigning vig- 
orously in key states and 
drawing largs crowds. It has 
been customary in recent years 
to discount such interventions 
on the grounds that presidents 
no longer have coat-tails on 
which to drag their party’s 
candidates into office. Mr 
Reagan may have converted 
(datively few voters on his 
recent excursions. But when it 
is a matter of arousing party 
supporters to go out to the 
polls, the arrival of a president 
with a 67 per cent approval 
rating may well swing some 
narrow contests. 

Since 1945 foe party in 
control of foe White House has 
lost an average of 30 seats in 
the midterm election. It is 
some measure of foe factors 
listed above that the Repub- 
licans are relatively optimistic 
about today’s vote, even hop- 
ing to gain some seats in the 
435-member House of Repre- 
sentatives. Were they to 
achieve that, it would be foe 
first time since 1934 that foe 
president's party had made 
such midterm gains. 

It is upon the Senate races 
foal most attention has been 
fixed, since the loss of four 
seats could deprive foe Repub- 
licans of foe 53/47 oontrol of 
the Upper House. Here, with 
many of foe races still “too 
dose to call” in the jargon of 
pollsters, foe predictions range 
from a possible net Repub- 
lican gain of four seats to a 
possible net loss of eight But 
in the final analysis, the results 
of today’s elections may wefl 
turn out to be more important 
for what they show about the 
depth of Mr Reagan's appeal 
amongst the US people than 
for any close calls. 

From Mr Norris Me Whiner 
Sir, Allegations foal foe BBC is 
presently out of control are wide of 
foe mark. It never has been under 
control The BBC is a chartered 
corporation. The constitutional 
and legal status of chartered 
corporations was summed up by 
Lord Upjohn in foe case of foe 
Pharmaceutical Company of 
Great Britain v Dickson in 1970 
when be said: 

A chartered corporation ft sol, as a 
matter of vires, bound by its charier. 
Ai common law ft has always had 
the powers of an individual and can 
legally and Lawfully extend its activ- 
ities beyond the objects of the 
charter and indeed carry out activ- 
ities prohibited by the charter. Bm 
its members, and only its members, 
can complain, for if the corporation 
goes beyond its expressed objects, or 
worse still, performs acts prohibited 
by the terms of the charier, the 
Crown may by scire facias proceed 
to forfeit its charter . . . 

Unless the right is expressly 
reserved in the charter, it appears 
that the Crown has no power of its 
own mere motion to use this 
ancient procedure to recall a 
charter which it has granted. 
Further, this writ cannot be 
moved without the Attorney 
General’s fiat and the Attorney 
General would doubtless point to 
the fact that the Crown Proceed- 
ings Act, 1947, only failed to 
abolish the old writ per incuriam. 
or through carelessness. 

An operational decision within 
foe BBC, say, to broadcast a 
programme exhibiting political 
bias could scarcely be open to 
judicial review insofar as that is 
limited to acts of public authori- 
ties felting within the realm of 
public law. 

While foe 1981 licence and 
agreement give foe Government 
power of revocation, any govern- 
ment would be most reluctant to 
activate such remedy. In Hansard 
of May 21, 1981 (col 476) the 
Home Secretary said: 

Continuing public debate about 
me standards and content is 
:ntally healthy, for it enables 
the broadcasting authorities, as 
trustees for the public interest in 
broadcasting, to perform their 

Surely foe obvious step forward 
in dealing with an organism which 
has access to 99.1 per cent of foe 
nation’s homes and is capable of 
moulding pobfic opinion, and is 
thereby more powerful than Par- 
liament itself, is to place it under 
statute. This would remove the 
illogicality of having one 
broadtasting authority with a 
royal charter and foe other under a 

However there could be no 
confidence that foe present 
duopotistic and unsafe situation 
would be improved unless the 
statutes in question were made 
justiciable without fiat and distin- 
guished between breach of statu- 
tory duty and breach of statutory 
co mman d 
Yours faithfully, 


22 Queen’s Gate Gardens, SW7. 
October 31. 

From Mr Nicholas J. Flower 
Sir, Surely uo fair-minded person 
who both read your leader, “Mr 
Tebbit makes his case” yesterday 
(October 31) and saw the BBC’s 
coverage of his complaint against 
the corporation in its 9 o’clock 
news foe same evening can any 
longer doubt foe BBC’s disgrace- 
ful perhaps even illegal, bias? 

In a news item telling the nation 
how more telephone calls support- 

ive of it than calls condemning it 
had come in, the BBC flashed onto 
the screen a picture of your leading 
article. This it captioned with one 
brief excerpt, to the effect that foe 
BBC "... is fighting for its 
freedom . , . and ... for its life”. 
Thai passage, out of its actual 
context and into foe context in 
which the BBC slipped it. patently 
conveyed foe impression The 
Times was on its side, not Mr 
Tebbit’s, and that it was Mr 
Tebbit who was the threat to its 
life, rather than its own suicidal 

It had all day coolly to prepare a 
piece sticking tightly to its 
constitutional requirement to 
"treat controversial subjects with 
due impartiality”, something your 
leader had expressly pointed out it 
was clear foe BBC had not done in 
regard to the Lib van matter. On 
foe contrary, you wrote that “the 

feet remains that foe BBC’s 

main news programme made mis- 
takes of feet and interpretation 
. . .”, and much else in foe same 

What compounds its mal- 
feasance on this occasion is that it 
was done in support of its own 
ends. You indeed did well to raise 
the question whether "standards 
at the BBC have . . . fallen, 
perhaps beyond rescue”. Ironi- 
cally, it is foe BBC itself that has 
hastened to blunder in with an 
answer, and not the one h 

Yours etc, 


26 Great Thrift 
Pens Wood, 

Orpington, Kent 
November 1. 

From Mr and Mrs J. L Cox 
Sir, We watch the news on BBC! 
or one of the independent chan- 
nels nearly every night But events 
crowd in upon one another so 
quickly that we had not the haziest 
recollection of who said what over 
six months ago about foe Libyan 
bombing, until Mr Tebbit sprang 
into the news Last night. 

We imagine that here we stand 
in the vast majority, aware that 
reporters, on what are very often 
dangerous and difficult assign- 
ments, speak, as they must, on 
first impressions in foe heat of the 
moment Such is the nature of 
instant journalism. Cool assess- 
ments are hardly compatible with 
hot news. 

Of course there is political bias 
now and a g»in_ Journalists are 
sometimes swayed by private 
feelings, and this happens more 
often when people are being (tilled. 
Bui is this bias (real or apparent) 
in one isolated episode, quickly 
forgotten by all but the most 
paranoid of politicians, really 
worth all the time and trouble 
taken in the compilation of a 
dossier by Mr Tebbit's staff? 

“Tebbit lashes” ... Mr Tebbit 
“has taken out his stiletto”. This, 
too, is instant journalism this 
morning, and — biased or not — it 
is, Sir, of your own manufacture. 
But we very much doubt whether 
this emotivelanguage will be very 
much in our minds — or indeed in 
the minds of many Times readers 
— in six months' time: Between 
now and then there will be so 
many other things to think about. 
Yours faithfully. 



7 Need wood Drive, 


Wirral Merseyside. 

October 31. 



.. v : r ‘ 

y-ws 1 

The election of Joaquiro 
Chissano as Samora MacheJ’s 
successor in Mozambique is 
welcome to the West — and to 
his country. It comes as no 
.great surprise. But the un- 
certainty has now been re- 
moved to everyone’s 


That is perhaps too sweep- 
ing. The news of Chissano’s 
election cannot have gone 
down too well in Moscow, 
where they must have been 
rooting for Marcelino aos 
Samos, loyal deputy to Machel 
and a still more loyal servant 
of Marx. The very feet that 
Chissano was chosen (unani- 
mously) by the Central 
Committee says something 
about the independence of the 
Frelimo government. 

Chissano is a moderate 
■ whose revolutionary creden- 
tials are nonetheless im- 
peccable. As foreign minister 
for more than a decade hts has 
become the recognized voice 
of Mozambique abroad He js 
thought to have been the mam 
influence in persuading 
Machel to move away from 
doctrinaire Communism to- 
wards a more pragmatic 
relationship with the West. 
Earlier this year he even 
argued the rase for selling 

state-owned homes to private 
tenants and licensing en- 
trepreneurs to operate private 
transport in Maputo. 

He therefore slides into the 
presidential chair with several 
advantages. The unanimity of 
his selection, ins established 
reputation in the country and 
his own intellectual freedom 
all give him something of a 
head start. 

He will need it Machel has 
bequeathed a bankrupt econ- 
omy and a divided land 
Members of the right-wing 
Mozambique National Resis- 
tance (MNR) are knocking at 
the gates of Maputo, despite 
the pledge from Robert 
Mugabe in neighbouring Zim- 
babwe that he would never 
allow them to take over. 

President Chissano shows 
every sign of appreciating that 
in the end it is South Africa 
more than Zimbabwe which 
has the power to make or break 
him. While it was Machel 
himself who took the credit, 
and the responsibility, for the 
Nkomati non-aggression pact 
with Pretoria two years ago, 
Chissano is thought to have 
been among its architects. The 
principle it embraced, of learn- 
ing to live with a powerful 

neighbour, is very much in line 
with his thinking. 

The Nkomati accord has 
lost much of its meaning amid 
accusations from both sig- 
natories over alleged viola- 
tions. It would certainly seem 
that South Africa has contin- 
ued to support the MNR while 
the Maputo government has 
been powerless to prevent the 
African . National Congress 
(ANQ from using its territory. 
The landmine which killed a 
South African soldier on the 
border yesterday is the latest in 
a series of incidents which 
have led to economic reprisals 
by Pretoria. 

It has been suspected that 
South Africa’s aimed forces 
have made the running in the 
continuing cross border quar- 
rel with Maputo. It is they, 
after all, who would like to 
help ensure an MNR victory 
in the civil war. But Chissano 
shows signs of appreciating 
that national survival comes 
before any left-wing or African 
Nationalist ideology. Is it time 
to strengthen the Nkomati 
agreement? Pretoria should 
recognise perhaps that stability 
in Southern Africa is to its 
long-term advantage, and give 
Maputo's new ruler a chance. 

Sport ‘domination’ 

, From Mr John Fitzpatrick 
; Sir. Am I foe only reader who has 
found your recent articles on foe 
Latin domination” of inter- 
. national sports bodies tedious and 
distasteful? The articles following 
foe decision by foe International 
Olympic Committee to award foe 
1992 Summer Olympics to Barce- 
lona and not Birmingham (Octo- 
ber 17 and 18) have shown little 
impartiality but a great deal of 
spite, envy and chauvinism. 

I prefer to let the voting figures 
speak for themselves. Barcelona 
had a majority of 45 votes over its 
nearest rival, while Birmingham 
came fifth out of six contenders 
with a paltry eight votes. Were all 
those who favoured Barcelona 
flunkies of foe IOC President, 
Juan- Antonio Samaranch, who 
comes from Barcelona, as your 
correspondents consistently im- 

The campaign of innuendo 
continues in foe latest article 

(October 24) on foe leaders of four 
international sports bodies, 
including foe IOC and FIFA The 
implication is that these “Latins” 
(two Spaniards, an Italian and a 
Brazilian) are not really genuine 
(Le., British) sportsmen but 
money-grabbing, publicity-mad 
lawyers and businessmen. 

One point may explain wby 
these “Latins” have done so well; I 
note their languages include Span- 
ish (naturally), French, German, 
English and Russian. 

Joao Havdange, foe bead of 
FIFA and a long-time b&e noir of 
foe British Press, of course speaks 
Portuguese, and “some English” 
as you condescendingly put it. 
How many British sportsmen and 
sports administrators speak one 
other language? And how many 
speak “some” Portuguese? 

Yours faithfully. 

Gantrischstrasse 4. 

3006 Bern, 


October 26. 

Museum charges 

From Professor C. D. Harhury 
Sir, Professor EBcan (October 27} 
writes eminently sensibly about 
the best way of raising fee £1*5 
million target which the Natural 
History Museum has set itself But 
this is. surely, putting fee cart 
before the horse. 

The prime question is less how 
to raise mosey than how much to 
tty for — Le, how much museums 
can raise through charging without 
. reducing foe number of viators so 
drastically that the important and 
generally agreed social asd educa- 
tional needs that they serve are 

Each museum should prepare 
and publish estimates of the 
effects on admissions of different 
levels and schemes of charging- If 
our society cannot then provide 
the major museums with enough 
income to meet the balance be- 
tween costs and income from 
charging, we can only conclude 
that we have the son of world we 

Yours truly, 


The City University, 

Department of Social Science and 

Northampton Square, ECl. 

In common currency 

From Miss Janet Dudley 
Sir, Regarding the recent 
correspondence (October 4, 27) on 
foe use of the pound sign, in his 
1676 accounts, preserved in the 
Archives of the Royal Greenwich 
Observatory, Steven Flamsteed 
(father of the first Astronomer 
Royal) uses a pound sign much 
more similar to that currently in 
use than it is to the simple capital 
L Unfortunately, be always uses it 
as a superscript so we cannoi ten 
whether it would have preceded or 
succeeded fee figure when used in 
normal text. 

Conversely, in his 1766 ac- 
counts the’ then Astronomer 
Royal, Nevil Maskeiyne, uses the 
simple L both as a prefix and a 
suffix while foe clerics at the Board 
of .Admiralty were certainly using 
modern £ signs by the beginning of 
the 1760s. 

As is so often fee rase, it would 
seem that foe historical evidence 
supports a variety of assertions 
Yours faithfully- 

JANET DUDLEY, Librarian and 

Royal Greenwich Observatory, 
Herstmonceux Castle. 

Hailsham, East Sussex. 

October 30. 

Human rights in 

From Mr Robert Chambers 
Sir, It is simply not good enough 
for only political and strategic 
issues to be discussed when 
considering foe future of Mozam- 
bique in foe post-Maehe! era. 
Fundamental to any attempt to 
bring peace and stability to this 
region must be foe restoration of 
basic human rights which are 
essential to peace. 

The International Society for 
Human Rights has published eye- 
witness case histories and reports 
detailing the brutal slaughter of 
Christians throughout foe Tete 
and Zambezia provinces of 
Mozambique. In addition there 
are countless examples of Bible 
burning, theft of food and cloth- 
ing, destruction of crops and 
kidnapping of young children to 
boost foe flagging Frelimo array. 

British aid to foe Mozambican 
Government must be linked to foe 
progress of human rights in the 
country and as a first step to foe 
withdrawal of all foreign troops 
who do much to damage foe 
people of Mozambique. The Brit- 
ish Government should clearly 
state that it expects a timetable for 
withdrawals of troops from foe 
region to be drawn up and adhered 

Secondly, the continuation of 
aid should be made contingent 
upon an end to Machel’s Marxist 
experiments with the economy 
and agriculture to allow the tra- 
ditional patterns, which are very 
efficient, to re-emerge. 

Thirdly, all military aid to both 
Zimbabwe and Mozambique 
should be ended immediately. 
Mozambican Frelimo soldiers are 
being trained by British soldiers at 
foe Zimbabwean National Army 
base at Inyanga. This is nothing 
short of a disgrace, given the 
record of atrocities carried out by 
Frelimo. The British taxpayer 
must surely object to this money 
being spent to train Marxist 

The death of Machel has offered 
foe West foe opportunity to 
initiate a positive programme to 
bring about lasting peace and 
freedom in foe area by making 
human rights central to its foreign 
policy for the first time. 

Yours etc, 

(Secretary-General. International 
Society for Human Rights 
(British Section)), 

27 Old Gloucester Street, WCI. 
November 1. 

Degrees of doubt 

From Mr K. Lawrey 
Sir, I am concerned at the growth, 
and extension into foe manage- 
ment discipline, of private, tin- 
chartered and non-statutory 
institutions purporting to offer 
degrees (ricy which do not have foe 
support of an independent valida- 
tion structure. 

Such institutions have existed 
in this country for some years, and 
indeed were identified as a prob- 
lem as long ago as 1963 in foe 
report of the Robbins Committee 
on Higher Education. 

HM Government has claimed 
that legislation for control would 
he too complicated to enact. 
However, with the recent 
establishment of the National 
Council for Vocational Qualifica- 
tions foe method of control is now 
to hand. The remit of foe council 
could be extended to include 
university degrees (vocational and 
otherwise) in its consideration for 
issue of foe “good examining” seal 
of National Vocational Qualifica- 

All conventional university and 
Council for National Academic 
Award degrees will pose little 
difficulty lor such consideration; 
their effective independent course 
validation and examination 
assessment procedures will cer- 
tainly earn them foe seal. 

The others, to which this letter 
refers, will be shown by investiga- 
tion to be genuine or not and foe 
introduction of a simple legal 
requirement that the title of degree 
(and foe various descriptions to 
which it refers) may only be used 
where the NVQ has been awarded, 
will provide foe safeguard cur- 
rently lacking. 

Yours faithfully. 

K. LAWREY. Dean. 

Harrow College of Higher 

Watford Road, 

North wick Park, 

Harrow. Middlesex. 

October 20. 

Music copyright 

From Mr George Martin 
Sir. The fine British music in- 
dustry. which rants a massive 
amount in invisible exports and 
brings much happiness to many 
people, has long had a desperate 
need for a modem and enforceable 
copyright law. 

The rapid advance in technol- 
ogy is emasculating foe old law. 
yet copyright remains foe central 
core of fee British music 
industry’s funding. 

It has been reported feat foe 
proposed new Copyright Bill, for 
which we have waited so long, is to 
be dropped from the Govern- 
ment’s legislative programme. 
That is, very simply, terrible news. 

The Whitford Committee first 
sal to consider copyright reform in 
1974 and made its recommenda- 
tions in 1977. It was 1985 before 
foe White Paper was published, 
and ibis year is actually the 
thirtieth anniversary of the now 
completely outdated 1956 Copy- 
right Act. How many more years 
must we wait? 

Yours faithfully, 


Air Studios Ltd, 

12 Stratford Place, W|. 

October 28. 

NOVEMBER 4 1914 

The German raid on Yarmouth 
was a reconnaissance carried out 
by eight warships /row tkeir Elbe 
base- On their return one id the 
cruisers, the Yonk, struck a mine 
and sank u-ith most of the crew 



<From Our Special Cbrrcspopdeni.) 

YARMOUTH, Nov, 3. 
Several German warships ap 
Ipeared off Yarmouth this morning. 
They opened a furious cannonade 
'shorewards, but did not succeed in 
hitting anything except foe coast 
guard gunboat Halcyon, which was 
slightly damaged. One of the crew 
[of this ship was seriously wounded. 
A few hours after the departure of 
die German ships, a British sub- 
marine D5 struck a mine off 
Yarmouth and sank with the loss 
of all on board except two officers 
and two men. Two steam drifters, 
the Copious, of Yarmouth, and the 
Fraternal, of Lowestoft, struck 
mines about foe same time in the 
same waters and sank. Only one of 
the crew of 10 in the Copious was 
saved. Four men were saved from 
the Fraternal and six were 

The early morning cannonade 
naturally caused a great sensation 
in Yarmouth. It began soon after 
o'clock and went on furiously for 20 
minutes. The many who were 
asleep in the town were rudely 
awakened by foe reverberation of 
the guns and the clattering of 
windows and shaking of houses. 
The few who were awake quickly 
made their way to the beach. There 
! wa3 little to be seen. The haze of an 
autumn dawn hung over the sea, 
and the ships that were firing were 
not visible to the gathering crowds 
on the front. All they could see was 
flash after flash on the horizon, 
followed by the dropping of shells 
in the sea and foe leaping of great 
cascades of water. Men with glasses 
on the pier at the harbour-mouth 
[were only able to distinguish one 
ship. She was a large four- funnelled 
vessel, and was steaming close to 
the Cross Sands lightship, which 
lies about 10 miles off the coast 
well outside foe Yarmouth Roads. 
Some of the shells dropped within 
a mile or two of foe shore; others 
came even closer. One exploded 
within a few hundred yards of foe 
Naval Air Station on foe south side 
of Yarmouth; some were seen close 
to Caistor and Cories ton, but foe 
stories of shells exploding on the 
beach asd in foe Suffolk marshes 
dose by are not confirmed . . . 

It was not, however, surprising 
that some such explanation of the 
morning's s ensatio n should have 
been contrived after the fishing 
fleet had come into harbour and 
told its tale. A number of Yar- 
mouth and Lowestoft drifters sud 
denly found warships dose to 
them. No flag was flown, and the 
fishermen took them to be British 
ships. The cook in one of foe 
drifters cheerily waved his teapot 
at one of the warships which he 
said, was so dose to him that he 
could have thrown his herrings on 
board her. To his astonishment, 
the crew acknowledged foe salute 
by forking their fists at h i m - The 
flotilla bad come from the eastward 
in a semi-circular formation. The 
German flag was hoisted and when 
they were from 10 to 15 miles from 
the shore they began firing, first 
from the stem guns and then with 
a broadside. No British warships 
were to be seen except the Halcyon, 
which is stationed at Lowestoft as 
coastguard gunboat. She was prob- 
ably five miles from the German 
ships, and the range proved to be 
too great for their powers. The 
Halcyon had her wireless aparetus, 
bridge, and a funnel damaged, but 
she easily got away from her more 
powerful antagonists. After a shot 
at the Germans, she chased away, 
and soon headed straight for 
Lowestoft. The Germans made no 
attempt to pursue her. and she 
arrived at the Suffolk port with no 
more than one man wounded. The 
fishermen estimated that 120 shots 
were fired before foe strange ships 
steamed away to foe north-east- 
ward. They made no attempt to 
interfere in any way with foe 
drifters or the cargo boats which 
were actually steaming under their 
fire in foe roads. It was mere bad 
luck that some of foe trawlnets 
were cut in two as foe Germans 
held on their course. There has 
been talk of firing up and down foe 
coast before and after this singular 
cannonade, but there is nothing 
substantial to justify it There can 
be little doubt that foe German fire 
was primarily directed at the 
Halcyon, and not at foe shore as 
most of the inhabitants are assum- 
ing to-night, although without any 
trace of panic — 

Fiat lux 

From Mr Stephen J. Wood 
Sir. In the Diary (October 21) 
there is mention of the 
modernisation of the custom of 
lighting candles in Roman Catho- 
lic churches. Recently I was 
fortunate in at last visiting Flor- 
ence, and was horrified, as a 
member of that Church, to find 
fee practice of “slot machine . . . 
electric plastic candles” in the 
beautiful churches of feat magic 
city. From there 1 went to Siena 
where there was a similar practice. 

I had hoped feat in fee Cinque 
Terre, a collection of unspoilt 
fishing villages between La Spczia 
and Genoa, I would have found 
living candies. Noticing a sign to a 
Cappuccini monastery on a hill- 
side on fee edge of fee main one. 
Monterosso. 1 climbed to a small 
monastery. It contained a magnifi- 
cent “Crucifixion" by Van Dyck, 
but alas, electric innovations had 
indeed reached it 
Yours faithfully. 


The Old House. Town Street, 
Chapel AUetton, Leeds. 

ig and 

ty de- 
! state 
ms or 



ie U! 
os fo 


id ha 

in c 

rt hi 
: at n 

to M 

tf iff 

e m 





.. -i 




















at I 




by i 
the | 






B. V 

in the 
of a 

the f 


ud b 

■4 cc 
■053 < 
or) N 




■H SC 
Moo -I 



£3 » 







November 3: The Princess 
Anne, Mrs Marie Phillips, Presi- 
dent of the Save the Children 
Fund, Th« mor ning visited tWO 
of the Fund’s Projects in Essex. 

Her Royal Highness traveCed 
in an aircraft of The Queen’s 
Flight and, having been received 
by the Vice Lord-Lieutenant for 
Essex (Mr Robert Laurie), vis- 
ited the Ark Project in Harwich 
( Lead er, Mr KL Nutter) and the 
Clacton Family Project in Clac-, 
ton (Leader, Mr K. Phillips). 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 
November 3: The Prince and 
Princess of Wales this evening 
gave a dinner for Their Ex- 
cellencies the Ambassadors of 
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman and 
Bahrain at Kensington Palace, 
prior to Their Royal 
Highnesses' tour of Arabia. 
November 3: The Duchess of 
Gloucester was present this 
evening at “Divertimento", a 
concert in aid of The West- 
minster Society for Mentally 
Handicapped Children and 
Adults at the Porter Tun Room, 
Chiswell Street, London, EC1. 

Mis Michael Wigiey was in 

November 3: The Duke ofKem, 
President of the Britain-Austra- 
lia B icentennial Committee, this 
evening attended a Reception in 
aid of the Britain- Australia Bi- 
centennial Schooner Trust at 
Admiralty House, London 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

princess Anne. Patron of the 
Royal Lymington Yacht Club, 
will attend the annual dinner at 
Lymington on November 13. 
Princess Anne will open the new 
EBEL boutique at 179 New 
Bond Street on November 17. 
Princess Anne will attend 
dinner at the Athenaeum on 
November 17. 

Dufce^ of Edmbur^^^opea 
the new Lloyd’s Budding in 
Lime Street on November 18. 
Princess Anne, Chief Com- 
mandant of the WRNS, will 
open the new accomodation 
block at HMS Neptune, 
Faslane, Dunbartonshire, on 
November 18. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the English-Speaking 

Union of the Commonwealth, 
will present the prizes to the 
winners of the two ESU English 
Language competitions at 
un Palace on Novem- 

Princess Anne will attend the 
council meeting of the National 
Council for Voluntary Youth 
Services at the Town Had, 
Islington, on November 11, to 
mark the fiftieth anniversary of 
its foundation and later wfll 
attend a luncheon and visit 
youth organizations belonging 
to the council. 

Princess Anne win attend the 
seventy-fifth anniversary dinner 
of the Institute of Marketing at 
the Dorc h ester hold on Novem- 
ber II and will receive the 
institute’s “Marketing Woman 
of the Year** award. 

Princess Anne will present the 
1986 Structural Steel Design 
awards at a luncheon at the 
Savoy Hotel on November 12. 
Princess Anne, Patron of the 
Gloucestershire and North 
Avon Federation of Young 
F ann er s’ Clubs, will attend the 
anmiat meeting at Cheltenham 
Racecourse on November 12- 
The Queen will visit the new 
Swan Theatre of the Royal 
Shakespeare Company at Strat- 
ford-upon-Avon on November 
13 to perform the opening 
ceremony and in the evening 
will attend a performance at the 

Princess Anne wiD open the new 
offices of the Chfltem District 
Council at Amersham, 
Buckinghamshire, on Novem- 
ber 13. She will also open a day 
care centre and short stay hostel 
for the handicapped at Seeleys 
House, Beaconsfidd. 

Princess Anne will visit the 
Royal Army Veterinary Train- 
ing Centre, Melton Mowbray, 
Leicestershire, on November 14 
to watch the 1986 Farriery 
Championships and present the 
prizes. She will also watch 
equitation training and tour the 
Veterinary Hospital 
Princess Anne, President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will visit 
GIoveraQ Ltd, Wellingborough, 
Northamptonshire, mi Novem- 
ber 14. 

ber 18. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. .Presi- 
dent of the World Wflaufe Fund 
International, win give the sixth 
World Conservation Lecture at 
the Logan HaD, London Univer- 
sity, on November 18. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Colo- 
nel of The Grenadier Guards, 
win hold a reception for the 
Grenadier Guards Regimental 
Association branch se cr e tari es 
at Buckingham Palace cm 
November 19. 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, will visit 
Birfcbeck College on November 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Presi- 
dent of the Central Council of 
Physical Recreation and the 
Institute of Sports Sponsorship, 
win be the guest of honour at a 
dinner at Grocers' Hall on 
November 19. 

Princess Anne win attend a 
dinner given by the Marketing 
Group of Great Britain at the 
Piccadilly Hold on November 

Princess Anne wfll open the 
Gloucestershire Ambulance 
Control Headquarters, Horton 
Road, Gloucester, on Novem- 
ber 20. 

The Queen will visa the lab- 
oratories of the Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund at Lincoln's inn 
on November 20. 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 

London University, wfll attend 
a dinner at the Mansion House 
on November 20 to mark the 
university's 1 50th anniversary. 
The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will visit Harrow 
School on November 24. 
Princess Anne will visit Marling 
aiwt Evans I jmilwl clothing mill 
at Stonehonse, Gloucestershire, 
on November 24. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Senior 
Fellow of the Fellowship of 
Engineering, will attend the 
New Fellows dinner at 
Apothecaries* HaD on Novem- 
ber 24. 

A service of thanksgiving fra* the 
life of Sir Spencer Le Mardzant 
win be held ai St Margaret’s, 
Westminster, at noon today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Robert Helpmann will 
be held at St Paul's, Cbvent 
Garden, London, WC2, on 
Tuesday, November 25, at 12.15 

Birthdays today 

Dr Jean Balfour, 59; Mr Walter 
Gronkfte, 70; Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sr Hugh Cunningham, 65; 
Iieuteaant-Colond Sir John 
Dring, 84; Dame Kathryn 
Dugdale, 63; Mr Russell Evans, 
64; Mr R.A. Henderson, 69; Mr 
Elgar Howarth, 51; Professor 
Jeffrey JoweD, 48; Sir Anthony 
Lousada. 79; Canon Roy Mc- 
Kay, 86; Air Commandant 
Dame Anne Stephens, 74; the 
Dowager Lady Wakehnrst, 87. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Rtmcie, meeting 
President Alphora Egii of Switzerland in Berne yesterday to 
mark the end of his four-day visit 



H J. Charriagfua 

ail N rfta J. gmi H nlq 
The engagement is announced 
bet w een Harry, youngest son of 
Major and Mrs Gerald 
Chanington, of Layer Marne? 
Tower, Colchester, Essex, and 
Jaana Kuorinka, of 
Vainolankatu 15F81, 00610 
Helsinki 61, Rnlaod, 
of Dr Okka Kuorinka and Mrs 
Eira Standertskjold- 


Mr A-F. Robertson 
and Miss FJ5. Manama ra 
The eng age ment is announced 
between Angus Frederick, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs Eric 
Robertson, of The Gatehouse, 
North borough, Cambridgeshire, 
and Frances Ellen, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Canon 
Macoamara, of Invereharron 
House, Ardgay, Sutherland. 

Mr JJBJ3. Smart 
and Mias MJE. Parsons 
The engagement is announced 

Mr RJLE. Farmer 
and Miss NJVLGrittal) 

The engagement is announced 
between Robin, youngest son of 
the late Mr Eric Farmer and of 
Mis Molly Fanner, of Port 
Isaac, Cornwall, and Nichola 
Mary, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Grittall, of Cobham, 

Mr BJAJ. Foster 
and Miss AJVLG. Fanny 

between James, elder son of Mr 
and MrsJ.DJL Smart, ofEdzell, 
Angus, and Melanie, youraer 
daughter of Mr and Mrs B.GJ. 
Parsons, of Detling, Kent. 

The engagement is announced 
be tw ee n Benjami 

Mr TJ*. Theocfcari 
and Miss AJE. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between Theocharis, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs P. Theochari, of 
Palmers Green, London, and 
Anne, eider daughter of Mr and! 
Mrs J.W. Brown, of Eftham, 

ijamin, son of Mr 
and Mrs D.N. Foster, of 
BroadweU, Gloucestershire, and 
Anne, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Faimy. of Neuflly-stir 
Seine, France. 

Mr &JJ. James 
and Mbs PX. Jones 
The engagement is announced 
b e t w e e n Stewart John Forbes' 
James. The Parachute Regi- 

Mr P. Walker 
and Miss S. Thompson 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, younger son of 
Mrs Joan Walter and the late 
Mr Douglas Walker, of Brigh- 
ton, Sussex, and Shelley, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mis 
Basil J. Thompson, of Bovey 
Tracey, Devon. 

ment, younger son of Major and 
Mrs John James, of Down ton 
House, Stonebouse, Gloucester- 
shire, and Philippa Lynn, eldest 
daughter of Dr and Mis R.O. 

Mr MLW. Wood 
and Mbs H. Lamer 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mrs Joseph Wood, of Ramham 

Jones, of Norden House, Wins- 

Kent, and Helen, eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Peter Lanzer, 
of Hartford, Connecticut. 


Cheshire Homes 
are all about 

in so many ways. 

Foaadrr. Group Capua 

LnwdCknkto. yC.0M.D50.DfC 

The residents in Leonard Cheshire Homes are very severely 
handicapped men, women and children suffering (ram a wide range 
or conditions. Sometimes unable to speak, or to move much more 
I han a hand or foot. 

A Cheshire Home offers them much more than just physical 
care. It gives them the dignity and freedom that is their right as 
individuals, the opportunity of friendship, a sense of purpose and a 
chance to participate. 

There are 75 Cheshire Homes in the United Kingdom and a 
further 147 in 45 countries throughout the world. All of them have 
been made possible by the efforts of dedicated volunteers and by 
generous charitable donations. 

We also reach out to elderly and disabled people living in their 
own homes, and to families with a handicapped member who may 
be struggling alone in isolation and despair. 19 Family Support Services 
in England provide vital part-time help at crucial limes oCrhe day- 
a lifeline indeed. But many, many more services are needed to plug 
the yawning gaps in state provision. Only 2J7% of our income is spent 
on administering this large charity. 

This means that almost all the money we receive goes in 
DIRECT help to those in need. 



I To: Hon. Treasurer; Room B, The Leonard Cheshire Foundation, J 
■ 26-29 Maunsel Street, London 5WIP2QN. 1 

| □ I enclose a donation. 

□ Please send me some information on covenants/fegicws? 

□ Please send me more information. "(please delete) 

1 = =r 3J 


The Hon George Younger, Sec- 
retary of State Tor Defence, was 
host yesterday at a luncheon at 
Admiralty House in honour of 
Admiral of- the Fleet Branko 
Mam ala. Federal Secretary for 
National Defence of the Repub- 
lic of Yugoslavia. 

.Variety CInb of Great Britan 
The Variety Club of Great 
Britain held a farewell luncheon, 
for Mr Tom Nicholas at the 
Savoy Hold yesterday. Mr 
Harry Goodman, Chief Baiter, 
was m the chair mid Mr Robert 
Webster, international vice- 
president, General Sir Robert 
Ford, President of die Army 
Benevolent Fund, Mr Burton 
Robbins and Mr Ron Moody 
also spoke. The High Commis- 
sioner fi»- Australia was among 
others present. 

Coal Indastry Society 
Mr Stephen Brewis, Chairman 
" the Coal Industry Society, 
presided at a luncheon held at 
Park Lane Hotel yesterday. 
Mr A.W. Ramsay and Mr K. 
Boyfiekl also spoke. 

physicians of Edinburgh, was 
host at a dinner held at the 
college yesterday in honour of 
the Viscount of Aibnrthnott 

llflpr h« tnirnri t nf ihw Kfiitmtip n 

and Research Trust Appe&L The 
Viscountess of Arbuthnott, Mrs 
Michael Oliver, Professor John 
Strong, chairman of the appeal, 
and Mrs Strong, and Mr and 
Mrs Andrew Russell were 
among others present 

Institute of Chartered 
of Scotland 

Mr Gordon Anderson, Presi- 
dent of the Institute of Char- 
tered Accountants of Scotland, 
was host at the institute dinner 
held at the Savoy Hotel in 
London last night The Lord 
Mayor of London, Sir Allan 
Davis, who was accompanied by 
Sheriffs, Mr Hugh BidweD and. 
Mr Michael Graham, was the 
guest of honour. Among the 
other guests were; 

Sir Kanrih BcrrtO. Mr J OR Dartor. 
Sir Gordon Downey. Sir Jama 
Dmc&n. Mr M H Field. Mr j s H 
GUHra. Mr M W Ktrrf. MP- Mr M 
Howard. QC. MP. Mr B M ivWon. Mr 
j L Kl rKpan-tc*- tbe Vay Rev Dr J 

Rawnuson. Mr A wtteon ad Die 
Bfetfdenis of Bw oOier eg iamuaa 
bodies of the Cowwflt aav e Committee 


D A Boottumm. Chatman 

Marsdea Onb 

Dr Eric Anderson, Headmaster 
of Eton College, was the guest 
speaker at a dinner of the 
Marsden Club bekl last night at 
Goldsmiths’ HaD. 

Royal College of Phyaad a ns of 

Professor Michael Oliver, Presi- 
dent of the Royal College of 


High Sheriff of Greater London 
The Lord Chancellor and Lady 

H a t fe h a m of St Marytob on cand 
tr of Westminster 

the Lord Mayor of 1 

and Mr Terence Maflinson were 
present at a reception held at 
Oandge’shotel yesterday by the 
High Sheriff of Greater London 
and Mrs ShepanL 

Latest wills 

Dame Rnth Mary Eldridge 
Welsh, ofOdiham. Hampshire. 
Director of the Women’s Auxil- 
iary Air Force, 1943-46, left 
estate valued at £102,634 net. 
Mrs Phyllis Hane Maybank, of 
Epsom, left £1,208.047 net. 
After various bequests she left 
the residue equally between the 
National Canine Defence 
league, the Guide Dogs for the 
Blind Association, the Cancer 
Research Campaign, the British 
Heart Foundation, Dr 
Barnaxdo’s, Age Concern Eng- 
land, Wood Green Animal Shel- 
ter. the RNLL the NSPCC and 

the Royal Hospital and Home 
fin- Incurables, Putney. 

Miss Elizabeth Josephine 
Profamo, of Sholteswell, 
Warwickshire, well known in 
the horse showing world, left 
£831,458 net 

Mr George Heywood HQ, of 
Snape, Suffolk, founder of the 
Heywood HiD Bookshop, Cur- 
zon Street, London, left 
£181,643 net. 

Mr John Charles Range, of 
Wesrerham, Kent, left £9^6, 165 

Byrnes, Mrs Phyllis Mariorie, of 
Bristol £360,474 

Hopkins, Mr Thomas, ofNeath, 
West Gl am org an £366,784 


Tate buys work of) 
Welsh artist 


Tank officer turned 
military thinker 

ByGaaMitteNomnt3»fc Room Correspondent-. 

The Tate Gallery sprat to acquire a water-cotour view 

£50,000 (estimate £40,000 
to£6M00) at PhfiQps yes- 
today through the agency of 
Leggatfs to aeqaire a view of 
Naples by the Welsh artist 
Thomas Jones, one of his most 
beantifhl works. . 

Jones wished hr Naples h 
the late 18th oratory painting 
in 03 oa paper little comas a£ 
decaying archftectare and 
aguntfag vegetation in dear 
swaligbtThey are exercise* in 
pteim air rudSsm which have 
extraordmary charm and im- 

la the open air, became 
fashionable af the ten of the 
18th and 19th oratories, es- 
pecially among foreign artists 
working in Italy. Corofs 
sketches of Rome are femora 
and sought after bat Jones was 
one of the first, working some 
40 years before Corot •' 

PG» work has only been 
rediscovered in recent years 
bat his reputation is g rowing 
rapidly. The Tate’s pm c hase 
srts sjkw anction price record 
for Ids work. 

The picture was probably 
painted in May 1782 from the 
roof of Jones’s bouse below 
Capo di Monte. It looks -over 
the shadowed parapet of the 
roof in the fo r e gro un d to 
sundrenched diffs and send 
by a han d some 
white house; “Racks, Bnfld- 
and Vineyards about . 
Cape di Monte” is bow Jones 
d e scribes the view from the 
roof in his diary. B is larger 
than most of Ms sketches (28 
by 38 cm). 

The National Mraeam of 
Wales was also among the 
purchasers of the group of 
Thomas Jones sketches sent 
for sale from the estate of the 
fet e Guam J. H. Adams, one of 


The mraeam paid £M£00 
(estimate £t<MW0 tn£15,OO0) 

ofUroli, looking up the rocky 
gorge with the town perched 
above it The mtoeolon; 
dates from a visit in November 
1777. The other big price fa 
the group was £33,000 (es- 
timate £14000 to £20,000) for 
a water-adora “View of 
LaricP 1 .dated to May 1777, a. 
wide landscape with the old 
tows in the middle distance. 

On Thursday May 22 Ms 
diary records : “Watted with 
Db yo Galore Land ft c 
sketching ■- very warm 1 *. A 
sketch from n little farther qp 
the road, presumably madeow 
the same day, was soM at 
Ph3fii>s last year fra £23J00, 
then an anction price record 
for bis work. 

Phillips sale of 
drawing s and water-colours 
was highly snoc e s s fld with a 
total rf£40L200 and 8 per 
cent left unsold. There rare a 
Jot of private hnyere; compet- 
ing especially for Victoria ■ 

Jeremy Maas, the London 
dealer, bid an miexpected 
£63^00 (estimate £10,000 to 
£15,000) for “Twilight 
Fantasies” by Edward Robert 
Hughes, painted in water- 
comt and body-adonr on 
hardboanL A yoong gbl leans 
on the gnarled trunk of an old 
tree to play a pipe while the 
sun sets behind bine foliage. 
Tbe price sets another andmn 
price record as did the £20JN» 
(estimate £4,000 to£M00) 
paid by Ne3 Hobhoose for 
The Great WaB of China” by 

WCTKam f5m[WM. 

Simpson wra a late Vic- 
torian afastrater. He worked 
fra the. nbotruted Umdom 
News and Cotnag&Ts, the 
printmaker. In 1872 he rioted 
China for the weddfaig of the 
Emp eror ; this watercolour, 
dated 1886, is presumably 
pasted from memory after Ins 

Original Bronte home 
is pat up for sale 

Bri^tdier Richard Simpkin, 
OBE, MC, a tank ofiSoer wi» 
became one of the fo remo st 
iwijiyar y • ♦hwifcwi’ E «n<t writers 

of. recent times, dted yester- 
dsy- He. was 65. . 

Richard -Evelyn Simpkin 
Was bom. on Apm .'tS. 192). 
He wra educated at Wndies- 
ter and Trinity College, Cam- 
‘ idge, where ■ he studied 
cdtoae and then engineer- 
ing, "but came down after a 
year to join the Royal Tank 
Regiment, in which he re- 
mained for 30 years. 

During The Second World 
.War he served-with fhe.regi- 
meht m die Western Desert 
He was wounded and taken 
.prisoner at Tobruk, but man- 
aged to **rcp«* in Italy when 
die Italians surrendered, only 
to be recaptured by the Ger- 
mans and confined to a PoW 
camp m Gennany for tbe rest 
of the war. 

During the early post-war 
years he worked bn industrial, 
teduricri arid economic intel- 
ligroce io Germany. In 1951 
he. graduated from Staff Od- 
lege, ted two years farter from 
the Royal Muifiary College of 
Scienoe where he gxtfruzed 
in vehicles. 

He taught at these two 
col^es, from 1960 to 
1963 was in charge of the 
equipment branch of the Roy- 
al Armoured Cores Director- 
ate, being responsible for user 
trials of tne Queftam tank and 
for foe^ development of dm 
Scorpion reconnaisance vdn- 
de family; . . .also fin the 
Swingfire anti-tank guided . 
weapon system. 

In 1963 he took command . 
of die 1st Ro^3 Tank Regi- 
ment. After a short second 
tour at the . RMCS be was 
promoted brigadier in 1968 
and appointed director of 
operational requirements 3 
(Army) af die Ministry of 
Defence.. He was dfceply in- 
volved in discussions and 
negotiations wi thin Nald 
In particular he led the 
British team on the project 
definition and operational re- 

/ G e rm an b att le tank 

project, and was closely coin 
cerned wifo the exploitation <rf 
Chobhasn armonr. 

In 1971, after taking early 
i wiiwii ant from the Army, be . 
embarked on a second career 
as a language consultant, spe- 
riaiiTHig in technical trartria- 
He wra an eaceUent 
lin guist, mealring French and 
German fluently, Italian and 
several otter languages ade- 
: to read 

He also, and most impor- 
tantly, began to write books on 
m ili t ar y and defence mallei s. 
IBs most recent, .published 
last year, is Race to the Swift 
Thoughts on Twenty-First 
Century Warfare. Strikingly 
unconventional and with a 
touch of genius, this book 
received critical- aedaim par- 
' ticulariy in foe Umted States, 
and w31 almost certainly crane 
to be regarded ra a major 
contribution to military 

A new bookjust completed. 
Deep Battle: The Brainchild cf- 
Marshal Tukhachevsldi, wiU 
be published early next year. 

In addition SimiAiB recent-, 
ly translated General 
I'ti^okFs Battle for White 
Jlussia: The Destruction qf 
Army Group Centre, which is 
bring made into ft film by foe 
British Army. He also trans- 
lated a book by Rolf Hfimes 
on the main battle tank. At the 
time of. his death he was 
working oa a book which was . 
to be called Chariot cf Fire, 
and i m e pded to devetop his . 
innovative th inkin g about the 
future of warfare. 

Simpkin was a rather formi- 
dable man, whose thoughts 
were not always easily fol- 
lowed by ordinary mortals. 
But he ted a robust sense of 
humour and. enjoyed, some ; 
activities more widely shared 
than militar y thought for 
itwfaiii* dinghy tailmg 

He married, m 1941, Barba- 
ra Grant-Johnson, who sur- . 
vives him wifh rhrir daughter 
and two sons. 


By Cbrnfeopher Wannam, P re pe ity Crarespondent 

The former Bronte par- 
sonage at Tbocnton near Brad- 
ford, where ■ Charlotte, 
Bran well, Emily and Anne 
were bran to tbe Reverend 
and Mrs Patrick Bronte, is fin- 

It has been owned by the 
same family .since 1930, and 
although it has not teen open 
to the public, thousands of 
tourists have visited the vil- 
lage to stand outside the 
house. Last year there were 
nearly one motion visitors to 
nearby Haworth, where the 
Brontes wrote thor books. . 

Mr Simon Thornton, the 
^ent, expects considerable 
local and international in- 
terest in the house because of 
the Bronte connection. 

The house, which' has a 
market value of £65,000 but 
could sell fora great deal more 
because of foe Bronte associ- 
ations. is at No 72 and 74, 

Market Street, Thornton, 
which was extended in the late 
19th century taczeate a shop. 

It is hoped that the Thorn- 
ton Parsonage will sdl to 
someone who will develop the 
Bronte theme, perhaps as a 
museum, or other tourist 
attraction, but there is also 
likely to be interest from 
'developers and property 
- speculators for foe row of| 
bouses, wifoa co urtyar d, out- 
buildings and coach house 
Which make up foe sale. 

The Brontes lived ai Thorn- 
ton from 1815 to 1820, before 
moving to Haworth in a 
covered wagon followed by 
seven carts. The parsonage 
was built in 1802 in a row of 
older buildings, and it was 
where the youn| Bron te chfl - 
dren saw their father .writing 
his sermons on foe dresser; 
which remains today under 
the bedroom window. 

University news 


Lecturers: Dr Simon Jou Dun- 
more, BSc (Dundee), PhD 
(London), biochemistry; Dr 

Charles William Butcher, BA 
(Warwick), MA (Lancaster), 
PhD (London), Bench. 

Senior l ect urers: Mr Orffard 
HaR MA (Cantab), LLM 
(Wales), law. 

Mr David Greenaway, BSc 
(London), MCom (Liverpool), 
to a personal chair in inter- 
national economics. 


laouroK Dr U. Ctogs. BA. Wax 
Doyh7 - BSc. OPhn. both 
School or ManaoBBKM. 

Tow in . Firwch; MW Jul G&rbacz. 


olytechnic news 

rwwimHM . 

Dr Hairy Law, President of 
Portsmouth Polytechnic, is 
spending this term in Australia 
on a Commonwealth fellowship 
scheme studying higher educa- 
tion in that country. 

The King’s School, 

Girls sixth-form entrance 

The following have been elected 
Kind’s Scholars from September 


Church news 


t of 

- — nwwtcb. -to be 1 

irieat-ln-ctiargo. Se»nd and 

York, to bo Vicar. St HUax Yortt 

Bridge qualifiers 

The first stageof foe final trial to 
select tbe England team for the 
Home Countries Bridge Inter- 1 
national series for the C 
Cap was held at tbe Grand 
Hold, Birmingham over tbe 
weekend. Four teams qualified 
for the second stage to be held at 
the Young Chelsea Club, 
London, on November 15 and 
16. They 1 

Miss Erna Piachte, a Ger- 
man-bum portrait artist who 
skadted many of foe woikfs 
leading political figures at foe 
league of Nrifons in foe 
1920s, and afterwards, died on 
October 12 in Oxford, which 
she ted made her home. She 
was 93. 

She wra born on October 
13, 1893, in Berlin, where her 
'father wra manager of a firm 
of linen makers. Buz iter love 
of drawing appears io have - 
been fostered by her mother 
who placed a penal and 
sketch pad in. her tends at an 

While still .ri school during 
the First World War foe 
published her first collection, 
sketches of convalescent Ger- 
man soldiers. After it was over 
foe applied to attend the 
Berlin Academy of Ait, in 
those days a staunchly aB- 
mak preserve: 

Accepting her with some 
reluctance the academy's 
head, Aftur Kam£ warned her 
‘‘At foe firet flirtation out yon 
go!” But in fact it was not 
personal misdeameanour, but 
her sketches, which got her 
into trouble with one profes- 
sor at foe Bairn School of 
Anatomy, who recoiled from 
her unsparingly lifelike ver- 
sions of the cadaveis provided 
fin- classes. 

the political leaders and mem- 
bers of royal femflipg inexile. 
Bat in 1945 foe resamed her 
travels. She coveted the 1946 
Fads Peace Conference, and 
lived for short periods in that 
city and in Moscow, where she 
sketched the interior of the' 
Kremlin. - 

Among her many p ort rai ts 
ofthe famous -and infamous - 
are .notable wudie« of Charles 
de Gaulle, Pavlova, David 
Ben Guiuht "and -MnsHfoia. 
She . exhibited many times in 
Oxford and a collection of her 
work was published as An 
Artistat the League ofNations 
(A Is Zeichnerin beim 
Volkerbund) in 1983. 

Erna Piachte was a wman 
of 'immense de tenpmatio w, 
which saw her through foe 
many difficulties inherent in 
having to record, accurately 
and at great speed, subjects 
who often could not give hera 
proper sitting. She was 




Chief Sekhonyana 
Maseribane, first prime minis- 
ter of Lesotho (formerly Basu- 
toland) after the territory 
became a constitutional mon- 
archy within the Common- 
wealth in 1966, died 

In 1920 foe set up her own 
studio and. then .moved to 
Geneva, where she made. a 
living sketching the principal 
personalities at the nascent 

Maseribane, a 
local bu sinessma n, hcM vary- 
ous posts - including nthiktw 
of foe interior - until the 
overthrow of the 20-year gov- 

i- 2 9O0L p QjrtmkL r j Fie*!, j 

g. p jo w Price. C 

W«oa._Dr RJA 

La nay. Mra S Horton do 

League ofNations foT German ■ eminent of Prinre Minis ter 
and other new^rapers. The Leabua Jonathan in Jamiaiy- 
suocess of these mqde her of this year, 
much in demand to cover He stepped aside, however, 
other international events when Jcmatten, leader of the 
such as the 1928 Olympic . then dominant Bastbo Na- 
Games in Amsterdam. She ’ tional Party, managed to win 
also came, to London where his way into the assembly at a 

little Ship Club 

Tbe following have been elected 
flag officers of the Iittiw Ship 
Qub: President, Sr Owen 
Aisher, % officers, Coro - 1 
xnodorc P G Perry, Vice-Cbm- 1 
modore R J P Head. Sooth 
Coast, .Vice-Commodore J D 
Bungard, .East Coast. Rear- 
Commodore P V C Harwood, 
House, Rear-Commodore Anne 
Ricfcwood, Sail and Power. 

she covered the Inte rnatio nal 
Naval Conference in 1930. • 

With the rise of the Nazis 
her Jewish parentage made life 
increasingly difficult for her at 
home, aim in 1938 she left to 
come to Britainl settling in 

During the war she was 
employed sketching many of 

by-election the same- year and 
thus become prime minister. . 

Maseribane was involved in 
an aparthfad jpeidem durin g 4 
visit to . a Bloemfontein bank 
in 1965, when he was refused 
entry by. a doorman. Despite 
explaining that he was the 
pnmp minister of R^ titnlawd, i 
he was ushered to the non- 
white entrance.. 

Science report 

Acid rain linked to senility disease 

By Tony Samstog 

Recent studies in Britain 
showing a fink between levels 
of alnminimn in drinking 
water supplies and the in- 
cidence of Alzheimer’s dis- 
ease, or the onset of early 
senility, have found disquiet- 
ing support from results in a 
report by Norwegian sci- 

The connection was first 
observed from the pattern of 
the illness on Tyneside, where 
the population north of the 
river obtains drinking water 
from different sources to that 
of tire south. Traces at 
aluminium were also found in 
brain tissue of patients. 

The Norwegian scientists 
have observed a * s imilar 
association, and they attribute 
the cause of die rise in 
aluminium levels Co add rain. 

The form nf nif And wafer 

pollution hapBcated in add 
rain has already bees under 
suspicion in a number of brain 
disorders in studies in Japan 
and Gtnun, among others. 

The Norwegian scientists 
emphasize that almnmium 

comprises about 5 % per cent 
of foe Earth's crust lx is 
msolnble in water that is 
either neutral or alkaline. But 
when tire aridity of water - 

ram, snow, steeLra fog — 

increases, it begins dissotviBg 

alnminimn in fake-bottom 
sediments, soU, metal pipes 
used to transport water, and 
soldering materials used to 
join sections of pipe. 

For their study the scientists 
divided southern Norway, tire - 
“arid rain belt”, into five zones 
according to increasing 
concentrations of als i niH'nim 

in hkn. 

Became there were in- 
safBcient data to distinguish 
Abhehner’s as sadt from 
similar age-related conditions. 
Overall mortality statistics 
from senile aad pre-senQe 
dementia were, compared 
among the zones. 

The results showed a dear' 
relationship betwee n hfefara 
mortality statistics and 
increasing alnminimn 
conc entr ations. 

A separate study fey the 
Norwegian Institute for 
Gerontology indicates that tire 
regions of Vestfold and Aust- 
Agder, which receiv e foe most 
arid rain, also have foe-hfahest 
numbers of people with age- 
related dementia in psychi- 
atric nursing homes. 

The scientists conclude that 
their findings nobut the 

hypothesis at a 
rdation/co-variance between 
foe frequency of Afahefener’s ■ 
or SMifla r diseases and foe 
concentration of ahnddna ha 
drinking water. 

Alzheimer’s disease not- 
withstanding^ the importance 
of foe findings . for Norway 
cannot be overestimated. With 
a population of just over fonr 
a iftio n ft has one of the 
highest longevity rates in the 
worid; by foe year 2025 Nor- 
way is w wi H! to have 
751,960 people over the age off 
67, or 173 per cent of the 

Water Quality and Health 
Study of a porssbte relation 
between ahu nirda m in drmkiag 
moo- end de m en ti a, by Tirfl 
Vogt (Central Bureau of Statis- 
tics of Norway. Oslo) 

Ancestor of 
modem rose 

ByoraHratkattraal . 
The main ancestor of modem 
garden roses, the China rose, 
has been rediscovered in foe 
wild, which could mean that 
historical rose coflections win 
no longer be incomplete, for 
tins rose has never been' in 
cultivation in Europe. 

The China rose has been 
elusive in tire wild, a native of 
western China; it was first 
observed in 1884, and recently 
found growing on dry moun- 
tain slopes in the- province of 
Sichuan by - Mr. . Mfldnori 
Ogisu, of Tokyo. 

- Mr Ogisu describes the 
China rose (Rosa Chinensis t 
var spontanea) asan evergreen . 
shrub of semi-riiinlring habit 
whose flowers open pale pink 
then change to crimson. A foil 
description has been pub- 
lished in foe Royal National 
Rose Society's Journal . 

Hybrids, of ^ foe China rose 
and other species altered the 
old. European roses and paved 
the way for foe g radual 
devdooment of today's roses; 

£10m appeal 
for London 
wild-life sites 


A £10 milli on 
been launched to save 87 
urban wikl-fife sites throngl* 
out greater London launched 
by foe British Wildlife Appeal 
arid organized by for Royal 
Society for . Nature 




V ■■■■ 




J? *».- 



sh tch 


JJp * - 


tf***"* n 
-a- 4 




Jufian Fettifer, the broad- 
caster and natorafist, yes- . 
today visited two such sites,' 
one threatened by develop 1 ' 
ment, tire other established as 
a new nature ■reserve. ’■ - 

\ s > ' 1 

.' A 

He went fist to Deptford ; 
Wharf^ where many plants 
and insects flourish and ware 1 ' 
houses provide nesting' ate =■' 
for kestrels; foe trnst is nego- 
bating . with the ' borough - ef 
Lewifoain for a temporary ’ 
Hcence to manage foe ate, 
which _ is threatened with 


Later he visited 40 hectares 
of chalk grassland and ancie nt: 
woodland at Hutchinson's 
Banlc amid foe urban sprats 
of Croydon, which. the. trust 
intends- to re^oie. / ' 

JSis- . 

: D % 

■i* * . T «j 


' sQ 

births, marmages, 




„ • ft. 

' m «om BWU M nonbvMk 


■ V-'. '-I, 

AUJCW^On Slat October 1986. to 
jwr (BfcXDker) art Anfew. a 
dausttar. Q«wt JW» Maaord. 

UBMEWS -On October 5 ul to Rotfe 

ofeScMa) aotf.Davtt a daughter, 
jemtifcr Rfgt»y. a rtster far RacbeL 
mom I • Ob November ut at Oban 
ighnlO) HMtoL to Jana am 
johnny. attojaMcr. MM Urtaa. a 

fiAMY • On October Sial. at 
Rsdtfanl HcapflaL to RatM (gte 
FTyw? a nd ifcafa . a ton. tofflww 
Qtoffnrv CBffvd. 

Onee Stewart) andKafth. a dau«\ta\ 
Khatorty. in Aberdeen iMarntty 
fbatfaL . 

ROPCON - On tat November 1966 at 
- HultortfMdllOKmat. A*aft.&> b«e 
and Jofm. a son. Nkbotos RoUn. a 
Afrottm- «* Cprktotbtr and 

• vV* 


... ~ 

■ ,;*a£ 


aiuww - On NoveWKr 1 st 1966 at 
'Itw Portland Hoognai. to Cfam (ate 
FWKUM0 and Dowd, a-dareuer. 
Lvm. . 

NOCMUS - OtoOrtDta- iWh. to SUP 
art Gilbert. thepreefeBattfRoraaon. 
Marie Qffiwrt Edward, a troOierAr 
AntortU. Victoria and Johanna. 
ORLMM - On October 20. to Sbstwn 
and McfmnL aeon, Alexander Feed. 

efWt Tnadn. a brother tor Jenny. 

PASC - Oif November 2nd. at the Pert 
land Moapuai Wl. to Annie Into 
MtOft2MoA> and Sorting, a *ckl (Ed- 
ward Oliver Wffltanl). 

PAYNE - On Nementoer let 1966 M 
B rtatod Mvernlt y Hospital. to 
Ros amun d (nee Godfrey) and Hum- 
phror. a ttstcr tor otteer. Altnrter 
and Etnfly. (Heatber Mary). 
PttBLUM ~ On October 27th 1966 . to 
Sara <n*e Freed) and rtauL a nandb- 
ar. R^ecca Victoria. A abler tor 

^ a^bSto^ sigjgStgSt 

.- * Si of Bridge of A nan. 

***** rt Mpawrta. Sentaa at 
JJ^rrtatai Cnsnatortun. CMbder 
■: Owcg .WaprtMog Read, Ed umu rgn, 
® Frtday tin tamSaTtf 

tv. jSaro. no nowei but demdona 

5£g%&SS£ m "‘ 0Bm « 

W- ft «» (WNt suddenly, 
wtiBK ftths M her daariaers 
bnrae in Suomy. VL «dto of Dondas 
tfMmMtoCvpcs. Fnwrt Sente 
atSMaorOtonh. Sraraaroo Friday 
7th Noweroher ja IStta. rofcmrt 
1 EWwgrgpera Sente. OxtedSTg7. 
■H ut- Coat November- AHSoofa 
I, Day. fa lews aad- pea ce. Bdtat 

: M«y. W Ptm5d *"£ 

Jfttay. 7to November. 
toilLnw . On November 2nd.*a 
H«ywa»^ Heath, peaceway iSa™ 
ahoct fltaeas. to Mb ftJth year. 
Bertram NetUetoo. BO. much tarn* 
tUBhand. Mbar and ir-nrirghr* 
Pnneral Afflawassto 0444 413056 
*■** HUH -'On NavodBer 
and. ye aceftMy jt AheatoW. Hamp- 
awra. taynt ABeen <JM) aged 7* 
vears. Cramonon atStoiabm Cra- 
M tort M m op ftMgr N a wa Bb er 7to 
at 12 A S pm. ' 

WTO - On 29to October 19B6. 
S*ftof d Watotord Home. 
Seeds; SWaat Kcnaam cartt 
hradwtu l or Ann. fatber of Frances 
and Edward; tee of Kenya end toe 







cm. Mr am vww a - xoara sea aw. 
Tnup* an 

man— pitwa c anl »a une 1 m. 
•fcSeLETf pw. *er aror onto N/g. 

MHMM to tor Ate M WMI nap 
ns K wS be to year toma 2>6 3«pf 

_J 1 r" “* ’ 

HOBSON -- On October 3W. at St 
Lukes. GuBdtord. to Jmqtotoa (nbe 
Btonwartn g - HTtoej amt David, a 
am. OUver Charts Rkterd 
HUUMOOB • On 26th October 1986 
in KBps's Lynn, to Rmlfi (xta Janes) 
and juuaa. a danghaer. tattoyn. 

SOILS -.on Novem h cr let 1986. to 
- puiippa(MrOiaBaa)aadNidMiat.B 
/ daasbte. tatoanw Adda Spencer. 


MfWUNbSWnTIN - On October 
llth to London. Boodteh. youngest, 
aon «f Mr and Mn Mrananl at Cm 

Btooca to Metaaie. daughter of the 
Me Mr T D Whitten and Mn J L 
Whyman of Gtovera ftexa. 
Hasttagwood. EH ex. 



BUSSEY - On October SlsL Oeerge : 
; Herbert, suddenly and paaccTuUy 

. “•55 Mtxh toved. Ftmem anangeraento 

C'- Private. -I 

i- ■ ONIMHU.-On 29 a 1 Ocaober.PHiK. I 
. .79 la Beryl of Large VWa - Algarve. 

soddenty buepeacefUDy attheBrdtei 
■'‘.ir,' Howaaitn Usbaa. much toved -wife. 

- v , - mothe r end m an d m other. 

FITTER - On 31st October. |HcHlRr 
M home to Stow Row. Shaftesb u ry, 
after a tons moaai. Maty lisa much 
Trr loved wife of Jutlan aad mother of 

Tit John. DanW and Jeanette. Fate 

service as SalWmry Cnepatortoen on 
■ 1 . Friday 7th November, at ii.iaam. 

No flowers Heaee. dnaalton to Cap- 
• 1 oer tew n h - 

V ONFFtlKS- On 3 1st October 1966 at 

7 *-- Cold Coast RradDi. Sodteert 

'■ 2 : QoeendaiML Australia. Lie uten ant 

Colonel Robert John GrtHtta ftn- 
— ttedL teed 71 or Ktoge Manchetoer 

1'5:; RteKOL A Great toss to Ms wife 

~ Audrey and datshter Flran. 

' 7- HOtoSAN- On Saturday UtNovwtoer 
1966b wffliam Vidor, aged 86 yean. 
Peacefully at HaieBeM Hoagtfal aMr 
a tong tnness. Dearly lowed husband 
7r2* ofVeaaad teher of wnttonx. Tteo- 

thy and Sarah. O emaW on at llJ 6 
''tf am on Thursday 6 th 

BKwteoear CteimWwtlma. Rntedp. 

- Vf HOWARD - On Norember Ut 1986. at 

' '■*’ Lymtogtoh. Iterick Sttrttng 

<£3 wiflteham. PrtesL Forasrat and Re-.. 

— r - golem at the Pmteb Church at. St 

* “*■ teSHttengtotoUDOteNs- 

7;:2 vonber KXh at 12 noon. Fandty 

— » down only, tetonw NffecMM 

HI— IS - On October 300» 1966. 
to her raiefa home In South Africa. 
Rosonaty. tetowedeMr. ant coo*.. 
In and fdend to many. > le »a o ilal 
ser vic eon Saturday 16 th Novembe r. 
to St S8vMKff*B Church. St G eorge ' s 
Stone SWl at 10 an. Ftowera 10 
the church or donahons. if desired, to 
the -Nattonto Soctety for Cancer 

YOU— -On Novaamcr 2nd 1966 AB 
Sotfte Day. pga cafuny to hoow w«h 
moat at her aune and d a n g htaa 
around her bed. . WtntfrM Young 
aged 96l widow of WIBtam Young. 
Anttou r Dealer. Btom ont Shagt Ab- 
crdeenvnd nwlliff of rUt aooa and 
iwto da u gh te n. Phase may tor the 
repose df her aoid. Everyone taWted 
to Ragufm MH OQ'nnMwite- 
vember — at lAaooo at St Mseyte 
. CathedreL Handy Street. Ab erd e en 
and Fimsral to Sgs intonsifc Ceme- 
txry. RXP. - 1 

•••• -v-yj 
• d 
■ ‘«<£a 


1—1 — - A Sendee ofTtwntagtv- 
tag tor BKltetoid wurgaarilowMH 
.JMy Tratmm OAB. GJCSU rytt,. 
be ImM toltondtor Cathedral 00 Sat-- 
Jtffdey 22 nd Howsrahgr to 11 

for The ReOred Clergy Fund which 
may be sent c/oFW Huger h 8 cm. 1 


Funeral Ofraoote. 33te A TbomH 
SL Xyndnotoft. 

II— IT - On tad November 
1986 peucefoBy to Ipswich HoepttSL 
Agnes aged 76 of Osbta Cottage. 
Reudham. SuftoOc- Regufem Mam to 
. ihe Church 0 # Our Indy and SL4*e- 

— I HW - In' tovtog m B Brin ^nif my bit- 
towd toahted Ste Beto to peace 

- dost tormer Framsor 

Badlue • 

i HW.i l twor. ^ im sii anz jcsnicr. 

i UH VtllBLU w V«N OUU ol 

li ter. The Taraoe. AHMiwgh. 
C? mm on Friday 7m November, 

, _ r 

mm on Friday 7m November, Bed- 
lowed by Burial -at SLMIchael* 
Chureh, Reudham. Flowers to Tony 
Brawn Undertaker.- Paamandhntn. 


Wife and mother. One year ago now. 
yatnmembcsM dtoty by oatoL^ Yow 

TRELOOAN peter: Staved Metote 



Irish treasure law 

By Nan— Hsmmwid, Aittoctop Conespoadeat 

Oae of (be Irish )bpMic^ 
leaffingsdolars has called for 
a. nuficat reriRn of . Ae 
repgMic’s anti^ties Im h 
Oe jakt of The DerryasSan 
'dehade.fftien a nedievsl Dec- 
sure alleged to be worth 
SS mSfioB w«s awarded to the 
tresptssm who fo«id it 

The decision stenraed fre» 
the earths j u d gcMea t that 
Crown prerogatives, iacfcadiiig 
treasme trove, had lapsed hi 
1922 with the creation of the 
Irish Free State. 

that ruling Mr Jnatfce 
Bbtyney awarded the treasure 
to &e finders. 

He also, however, arid toat 
the restoration work on the 
hoard had neNttyacteaaed Its 
vatne, and that the WcUs 
woaU have to paytbestote flie 
d i f fa rence between its present 
Yatoe and that when it was 
fimi Since the balk of the 
work was carried oat at the 
British Mason, that raises 
inte r e s ti ng questions as to who 
shodd receive die money. . 

Professor Prank Mitcbell, a 

former president of the Royal 
Irish Academy and the Royal 

Society of Antiquaries of Ire- 
hud, and the present chair- 
man of the .. National 
Mommeuis Ooanefl, said that 
he had beat “astoimdetf” by 
the recent dedshMu 

The National Masons n! 
DnhfaaSBtalri^thecasetothe 1 
Supreme Court to the hive j 
that sack matter* -will remain 1 


■ Lon, 


Us “The awrt, app * naOj 
rf op ending on the principle « 
h deivket ^ awarded cas- 

who trespassed on it farmer’s 
property, dnga hole to hfe land 
without his consait, and re- 
moved front ft objects of 
highest national importance 
and great art-historical 
Yalne*, he said in the Irish 
Press . ■ 

The case had been brought 
after Mr Mfchnel^ W# 
his son had used a new 
detector, near the ram* 
chmrii at Denynsflan m Co 
Tqqieraiy and found a set of 
early Christian pbte, indnd- 
ing a . dttBce. paten, wfoe 
strainer and bowL Tbc dtnrch 
Is a registered national ■«*■“ 
Hunt, and thefaud aronod itis 
owned, by Iha Irish 

that a new tow is needed to 
avoid swh compScatioss to 
jfotnre, dedartog that “all 
ownerless thtogs, both torne 
and small, on and to the sou, 
to . submerged betow to 
sg r omd tog seas, are the 
property of the Irish people. 
When tascovered they mast be 
reported to the National Ma- 
smsB, and wbto u object is 
retained by the wwa n 
award wffl be paid to the 

Until 1922 the Crown 
prerogative of treasure trove, 
applied BnaraWgw«ly Jo 
finds such as this, and it had 
been thoaght ^ £* **? 
stood; toen m 1972 the Irish. 
Supreme Chart reM t hat >B 
sum pientertires had «w 
half a century cartiar. Under 

. *in many comrtries attkt- 
rities ska bailed in the gnwnd 

*re by tow fte property of *e 

nation, and the fading of them 
does not grant any right of 
fftelkt a similar position 
without detoj” 

Moonmento such as ancient 
settlements should also, be 
protected from destruction. 
Professor Mitchell sod, with 
ttostaterither ptreharing the 
site- or paying the former. 
cDmpnsntton : ot restricting 
his use of the land. 

. While that wooM not be 
cfaeap, a nnall increase ra the 
stamp-duty paid when prop- 
erty &ms bands would 
provide a; heritage fond for 
such proposes. ■ 

RNWT coamaom ob mom e cu 
mmg yreCftte pw bkL toi 

,C7f MV.VHH 
remaban. te 

n <» iSM 




LA/5M rraadKD CS39. 


EMVNAM ran bsaxy boon O/R. 
01 3SS7UZ? w/e 

u UIW i —lU m t nrirHT YiWr n H m a 
a tux mn. i, we en, tec. tetiy ml 
auaS Sat. OBO te tete *99 




SuliLOi^B tiS** 130 2 . Thr j w U*y aubrai saamra 

— — — . . — 7 ae ottnty Oag oWW B H aw* waac a 

samt Mr am Cnew. Cuctc* ran M 
B SWHHta OH rn g te teHBi . ggraam ^ yV.H°ra«: 

ram. USX A we iH'ihiwlfi w-wHemrut. l. a wai SwlY 4QX 

OMeal TroveU 01-750 820 L ANA Wf: SM588-AMJI. 



caerf» - Tmom* Cteta /or 

mow. aft. toCLCSa yw. « TS 6 l*M j S£ te 
te ' . .4 t» ate 

munun wu. anal m we 

mV «nr BH ® a/a tee k. ema A a 


rerai £6 s m Yofoc am 

Ttmum ceo uwbp esaa 

taem css M*n* £620 

Nta J328 Swore P430 

Jrtat £x60 Bate 1 £936 

Wide. 14/MMMMV. 01067 9100 <sa*na> ■ «a m 

- — — — - ■ ■ ■ ■— — — — Hw Ctaray cauwranrara mwe tom 

* «etww for am Chatftw. Oogtm «b be 

■W l M L caawta 6 Ot *ei lilt, ew rate IWwitMOl SfA gtay, Hprawg^; 

TWwMu AMa. AM. 60 KuutfHL London SwlY •QX. trmc 


eta. ney person/*. teXtem. am we, 

£48 pw gr at fw» OO atr pcubb pw 
«m 6 TM: zmoam after 616 era. 
W WWl Wtaaa n/r»ia>m 
fOKweca 1 aam. own Rote Ooael o. 
t> te a rarapftw cxy. Ci b Oa uu emL 
Of ate 919* atm 6 
OKWCXi Prof mi rare* to Am met 

at Atetlc 3 to d i pa ra h* . New i» 
Coowmar moiasr ami. 

gte o» nasMB mo 

tee ky esuj OBeNte Uzs 

ftar bow Ate oo w • CteOw 


a Mm at umm> wi 
01-09 3XOO/4ST 0837 




am at. tab*. OL col TV. wamaa nttb 
etc- £40 pw- TU -after 7te WMta 

r oH aaA Tpu wi B Hi hmm»i 
H appy lab Today- Mh. wf 
Mwnmy DMdy and Hugft. Tlu 

AtafORa' noddy and Hugft. Thte you . 
Mr ib am yean. ■ 

MN.MOl.PMa. a/x JoataM dnM 
Mw. IS no, dty. £32 pw. Ol MO 

«asr ratONav Nr. am. o/r. pvf. ab 

tte*te.£»OpW«*E.T«J.01 BS36911 
(ete>m ago 6 M 6 taM)MP' Madden. 
muiAM. OMe rm. Ooopte or * F Mk tarn 

£200 - £ 1 jOOO per warn. T«L- bipikm 
b ax SIM- 

ni niBTtrT — 

£»& gw. Nei M B09 *238. CD. 

OnNoRnNrM 1966 at 
W Bdn ftoeae. Bngedta Tactwnl 
Eteyn. (MguieraMaoo and burial at 

F tecarden Abtoap. EJgtn. Thurstoy 
Novanber 6th. 1030 am. FXmttv 
flmos only, no ratten mam. - 
■HBUY - On November tad 1966 
Term 6A_ aged 46 Mtovra wild ol 
Peter: end tovtag mother at jtatba. 
ttmen i deta Os Tet 0602 291306 

inawum - cm ooabtr son 1986 

JiMNb. loving wtfe of CNva and lov- 
ing nwcfter of Jane mot I .Qm 
FiOMsal Service 81 OBWakTs Oupch. 
FotartL York. Wedoeaday eth No-- 
venter at 1046 am. fbOewm by 
Mermen! at Foutordi cemetery. Flow, 
era may be sent to WeBar Gafee. the 
New waft. Yort 

‘ NHMIM - On November tat 1966 
at hto'home The Orach home. 
Wahbaw Avenua. Cdwyn Bay. Do- 
•- ate- Onw aged 78. The bel oved 
boaband of Ctafre. iMMrof Ma. 
Atteoa and Loutee and wtedtHher or 
fteten. Earn. Aimaber raid Jfedfa. 
Service at St Andrews Church. Col 
wyn Bw ra FTtday 7th Novengwr at 
SJO mb. Followed by couangon at 
Cotwya fiay cmaadortuoL j» flow 
ere pteac c. Enmrats to Percy. L. 
Roberto raoTSto. Tet CMwyn Bay 

WMBCLOt - Ob Novendier UL arter a 
Short ttneae. Kenoeth Kart of The 
Bara oBa g e . UdMora. Rra. Sdskk: 
Dear hneband of Ant aad Mhtr of ■ 
David and Robert. Funoto private 1 
WUfl IK - On Slat October. Robrat On- 
of Mo raoc u Ate iwrncatffly lodto. . 
Japan and. Hong Kong. In (be prime 
of me to the teat. wboQy 


Lu» cate M. C/M. wten D.wte. 
flHi. XflO pw- T« 01-381 9636. 
■ UMiPwfaflBeMwHaelMlA 
rat ameiviter. own h> at m C SOau r 
matt. Tma or 73» 7SBP o-iOpm. 

raeteun. a * a. Bte on ol ra 
grant. Clio pw. 01 722 9019. 

■ml Cwtte DM tf«»vw Amin 
t ted. L oodoa WB. TW Os -958 ion. 

cauaaac cniw preev otew evnev 
tea rtn noMnB. rum oi«u 

ttvooghoot UK far menmtne md Mar- 
tew. Heart to Heart. 38 Uetoi M. 
•m w M te Men ««a aoat. 

loan-ejorav. AS Dnd* UL. 89 
QBw vto. W 8 . TH Ol 229 2777. 
before At MW mmmi at 57 Dad 

N/S.O/R. Ktxurypcfae ftat. NVUte. £86 
pw. Tel: Ol «7« 8848 after AXOte 
«« LMM. apace 4M gradrar. Own 
Tocea Mnrte Mtetooem oaL £1 >2 per 
vmefc teetetua. Tet m 889 0910. 
•■Ut F for O/R to Jiat 3 bad boon near 
WM tew n un Cnmnuei . £*80 peat axd 
TWSa 885 1870 after T pea. 

SBf 12 Prof off. o/r. rant m tft. w/ 
necMae. gda. £iTO pcm end. Tet oi 
928 7822 tea: 2109 W .«73 2882 H . 
flat. O/R. 10 tens Tboona dec nt 
£38 pw texcl. Tel Ol 757 MH 6ev«U 
OBJBA ReaOy aoDer taotoe. 2 
p«to to share. 01^8* 6732. 




CASK) £210 MAW 083 

OBJ* 0*3 RM ft® 

HtAtojar ta ssoul tas 

HOMawwo eras EYnjwa zr» 

KS7ANBU. nff> TOtrtO SIP 


Tat 0»-tM 2 S2HHXP 
AdttPC tora® 

SKI WHI773! 

ricaicL IffWraM fane 


KBteL Vetter. Oanp 
Ctsnhrvd. Lea Dm 

an/87 motor i 

■ Chalet Onte lor i 
bom. We iwed pa 



CHottJ Oaks tad of Rts 

S mn apun— food, StweJy chalet* A 
ton&e M B w e te nc • cone by ymndf 
«nh a fcerfrtcufa or caeiprietrfya a 

Ring 01-370 0999 ANOL 1820 

YQUtaa UUnr m w d raa nrmra km>- 
matoP bane, to look after iwcftv rear 
old Dov. at wMkty boardmg hwl Por 
iiratimn i I'll irrm arm nnnirn ifrir 
er pdW Wt. appbCte any stub* 
dtriaa weed. Cgnaet Mr* Tmwnaa or 
Mn Bradley. 01289 2000 once how*. 




oBte m/htw. nans, aft BW* naff. 
UK. A ovenrat Ac ter Agents Lto 8T 
tetw Si Kwdnw W.l Ot 439 3334 

i ivdl ftan * dac 2 tad oar 

pw. jwutu 2482. 

annto wi in torn ratennewa. s 
Deda. 1 rac. raw k ft 6 paw deeer ft 
earpeto rt t ftw . Tea 050 712617 




103777} <7739 

MMteof dPtsatragf TmM 3 raeram 

£50 otT per penon 

MW matt/man. om ft ocner avr 
rente, wrn Ana. operate Moray. Me 
wurrra T«7 ism 

Children from £89 



gta aad rtadCBl irwteca! oBkar. Fori 




•dam VRML 01-607 7906. 

Im frame ouaigy property 
to let. tea no. 

Bangkok, hom I 
Europe. &Tta 

rn tond da y a k, tea Drat ftvtn i 

to WV£ YAWBtera tvftterateted8aae>-1 
ton. £180 + VAT and mud 
dtautjrauura ring bora 359098. 

Expert gra ta ta ra j ra ndca. 


270 Earta Court Road. 

01-244 7363 . 


weetowtoe low eta nights 
The bad - and we era prove K 
190000 eftente atoce 1970 

Td 01-789 2892. 

AITA 69206 AM 1383. 



WeD travetad Rattan. Fnmcto ft Ed- 

0M39 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


LPje ruramtoa ee* ceo- 


padop to t ram 

ist ft cuuii class Fucarrs; 

26097 /27109/27S3B. 



'STD/ Ml £838 ftertto £666 AB tedor 
antes to Aos/NZ. 01-684 7371 



nee BiWmeiei noun Ftntep 

irntac tereiMti. 4 bedrtm. 3 tattu. 2 
ww . super it UL pitor owwnL 
nsrnnraeivfad £400 pw. LigMend: 



-Exnm/USA. FPgtate 01-937 MOO 
ImM Fdgpls 01-603 1316 

tad 09-937 9SU 
■toms CMS 01-M8 3444 



A iriqae opportunity to ncqdre a 
sapetb example to a NibaaaiuiiB- 
dnetioa oa tet price. 
CMMfcbad WtettJcy on 0932*7 
3307 «eefcrads aad evcangc. or 
0932 S76J 1 during office boar*. 

Draw pvauskia rar caneany leL Nrady 

cutty*. t«l tv. 
Ol 078 7766 

£140 gw.Tefc 

WRDHC4 Cbannraa Vie Me. Qatar 
s ttnaBon. 2 SDH bednea. era dtv/bwL 
dbt* nceg. to/tak K ft 6 ra. Wdl 
rum. £178 gw. Utelaodr4S» Base. 


tope kieHng after eveneaa or UK 
grageny. Fun Drtvtng Licence. Refer- 

01 486 J2B2 (Amaohonc) 

.73,4. ■> *r|4^JU 


HQ TOTAL. Cmmb. taeete. agts. Pr*. 
Xmas Specials. XteVN-Vra vacs * 


Mattel, yuan. Mcgcve. Oontet. str- 
wce. oraL akltag- Firaw Ol 602 9766 
atAKMBLft Top SU RraoKft UwM , 
pnoes (titan £W. AST A. ■raU ra ra Ol ! 


Need further pemw to join 
expanfiag company. General 
fcncrefcdfc of lodurtry pin ability 
to communicate to alUeveh 
ranted. Emfleat prospects; for 
ea Uerraffic pCfion- 


F W Oftra (MadDpenani Sandora LM ra- 
era« gnraw toOraraL todk and 
wdi Liwaap appm Mr w aI C kw rag*- . 
cant* wot 221 0B38. I 


TAKE TIME OPT to Parte. AodpteM. 
Bnarato Bruges. C e ram . Bern*- Uo- 
ranr. ztBttn. The Haous. Duean. 
an OB, B aateg n e ft Cteege. Tknr 00 . 
2B. Ctrater Oota. Lauan. SW1X 7BQ- 
01-238 8070. 


ACT 1985 

Phone Talent Corporation ow 

01 439 0809. 

Cvenaos TM Suds 
Sorgtu* to Ms 


Sail as a trainee am member 
iboard a apart zig^d dun on one 
of 7 legs acRM the warn from 
May 1987 to January 19S&. 

AtoKCA OteBB teto IftaMr degpr- 
oms ft afte Steh Aenca ft New 
Zsta aed. to - — r^-imr ITtefliliwii 
<0364) 53287 ABTA 73106 


- 22 ~ cnartoa croee Rd 
. . London WC2 
01-340 2310 . . 

MOItorai PMKKS1IW- Mewlteidsatead 
deraaameto. aetar let Oanr Bee tosto- 
tony fomraed and to - t n s nte c n rae 
cssftteLtraima. 2 bstbroena 11 
«nateati « ttcepUon.f/rkftchm rraW ne. 
sauna, swwauin g pod 4r pa. do M. 

. Healthy a dve ntu re ma men and 
woraenofaflagei wekome. Prices 
fiaa £798. 

mo m oo em mate - homw. mgtus. 
noocsB. car tone. CaBSeagos Hctodays. 
46 Maddest SL lase w Wl. oi 609 
9712 ABTA ATM. 1178 

on or before dir 4di dev or Deneteter 
r 1906 to arad to Oter ran cwnuan rad 
ae nd ta thstr a ddrs e asa rad desenp- 
. oara. ipb peme ute rs ot o*ar aatm at 
crarae. and m s ira aad adar ra t* or 
PMOiP MONJACK. FCA or 30 Etal- 
boerra Terrace. London W2 6LF ika 
LMisdator oT-im said Company, and. Vso 
reotdrM by nodee ta tetooo irata Itai laid 

rundifanrr ~rr n~r — * 1 — 

toetton. to come to and grove DMr debts or. 
Ctatrad at sura rant and grace as than ta ■ 
■ specified to rata nonce, or to dffmdl 
thereof tray «■ M enrtuded from the ' 


tan London brotanpr n«M two 
BBtoNe arokers 3536 as geit o( a 


ssr gTSTsa^rff 1 

earn- Tar. Ol 639 8086 

to a new darat g ppwnie vratogiragiraft- 



oi-40e ou/oogs-vderaotr. On- 
pettttve woniMd> tea. 01-733 2277- 
Atn Atot tee* Aeoeia/vtm. 

sura am are grarad. 

DATtn ora 43rtf day of Oetobviras 


01499 0175. 

■lira £1960. TUA091 

room. American style kUcnen wntaB 
ma entoes. Avatoie raw tor trap CbteL 
neo pw. OV 3*4 7385JT) 

KANT or SI Johns Wood, traeeace. to- 
tally rera gs i c d ortgtad t uMirn . 
FnrnAJatiBn. 4 Me Bata. 3 Baeta eo- 
suKa. ca its. IMP trad W L 2 ft ec. 
£6B0aW- 499 9981. £vee 870 4703 <71. 


draeiUl MM Special, tom to Cyans*. 

Marta. Morocco. Orwco- Matora ft Tn- 
note e. MOV ft Dec. Bra World Il D H l to ra 
Ol 73* 2662. 

0227-793010 ft) 

rmyiMaaer up eo CBOOp w. uw d toes 
req. PtiuUM Kay ft Lewis. Sown of toe 
Pane, ctute to oence. ot-36z mu at 
North of toe Jterk. Bspenfs Part amce. 
01-686 9082. 



AUCAKTC. Faro. Matapa tec. Dtmrad 
TTPoef ATOT. (783. 01-301 4641. 
HMO* 68841 

RdRo/Dtora wBh Otv Doan. 2 
Attracnve IT tor. Bara, sawr 

406 0483. 

—W AY BUST qraer 

WiJH l T AHraaw»3tadgbgBia ra derw 
town house wtm tape &W. fs eto e tra- 

MOM Era. CRM. Lee Ms. All Bta pt nr 
and soom-Tefc. 8»i-66KS/82d- 
MKAn/vu/OUn. ' 

CftlSr NM JLra Mkadtodu. AO 
ttraere and sport. TU4S9 1763-Anrra- 
torotatf cd4 

mod MB. Avail new tor lopg lac £360 
pw. toKttata v: 381 7767; 

anttoto arm* nwii swa wt 3 

bedrra tamOy hemae In cnarmtog sertud- 
M cfaee. tip* recra/dtoer. er aa. btob ft 
we. adn. urapiat - no dm £l30pw. 
244 7383 CT> 


Sjdaey S3! SSi 

A n&aad £42 0 £775 

Lot Aagdes £171 £340 

JoTanL £246 £4*5 

Brrake* D2 O £360 

K» r>m gsot 

01-370 6332 

anywtara. Sky Travel. Ot 85* 7426- 

c a m a ras sawn portupu tuty. cw*. 
Madrid fr £67. Tet 01-4344326 ATOL. 
Air Bargain* 

PETAVfX. - Solicitors aata tame of 
mow 1877 in Swi ta rtrad. dM 1938 to , 
Hastenere. Swrev; all gercons ctarotao to 1 
ta totoe of aw sh ow wanwd d e c— ead or , 
iMr personol i rg ra unte nr w arad i 
parScutors ta port gra-cMd to M ta C 
Sanders, c fa Odd Mar ft MsrO neeo at 
Lincoln Hora e. M9h l l atior n . London 
wav 7JL so ee to rmcn tort rtaw on 

or before Bp dap of January 1987. 

Dated pile rah ray to Wowradta 1986 
m me raaner Of MCGWNNES6 
By order of tar court, drted OedDiitoy 
or Joty 1986. Mr I. Jacw of 11 Wra 
Court. London EOSM DON has been dp- 
goto tad Mankla tor of toe ab ove ranted 

° K SSSfA2 l i5 l ?ociS?M6 


Won m o n ste r - TMs oft 

A raTsnte should drive and ta abed 

OI 720 0904. 

som ftfan c Tf a 

poMOora. AMSA Soraarat Racratonmi 
Co rradaais. m 754 0832 

etc. N ea n cted o d rtr v enra. Tet (osaoo 
8B00S9 (Wira 

raera w onao. « pm. toyrae 
1908. pat 193166. £4000 era. 

mum apd eaa e e to Nan* xn so 
rates north of London. Prioo nog 6-12 
toenias let Phone 629 3282 dev or 

■X WMaunnm. B ert ram Crmm. mad. 
c ““* mad Price for oofek 

ranKM MM vrgrady ntoni Bn- 
toy naat/houato. Ctaatera. Ktoottas- 
brtdra- wmm area*. £200 - sslooo 
pw. Bto prar EPaie Aauaa an «* 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 


Captain Antonis 
SLcntos •' 

to at JoDM Wood, tomato tartLSdrtdo 
Vale. Swtee Cou ft Hara rt ra d 01-086 

7«a - 

EUtMWrtMBSVS. iMOom-aaLVbt 
BM stool e beds, recra. K dr B. Co let 
onto- £170 pw. Jotm Holla te u w urft i Ol 

anaaira chraoate sefacuw of rra- 
united flaw ft boon*, from JWSCtew- KMnpoQ ft storoondtog 
orew- Braeara * ma m. 01-938 3622. 

atra wan a Bate. 
osl Tsnertfe- omsoBt ip- 
V-AprfL (09Z3) 771266. 

MoOdata. ABTA. ATOL 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturday 

Pa HCononi 

Private Advertiscis 
01 481 4000 

fama p vtaMwpvM 

rated. 2 BadRM. Mod Bsmrm. Lae KB- 
taora CiHOgw. 493 2091. Eves 870 
TTO3 (TL . 

wpf ra rw t Cr rawh te * brtaM. 2 nd 
nr fta to pertoo ira. 2 Sera reera bad, 
ft KH/btnn. Only £200pw. BSntam ft ' 
Rtevra 01-938 3«2a 

O rtt CAU for S aras of the beef draft to 
"Wl Niroi riHrirfi hoMs nd rtr Mr*, i 

5» «=* 

OM 832 aooa Air Travel Advisory 

united Bl ows ' Andy.' ot* 
sewed * Water rate tons i 

«tl Bad Ita ta data* rated eftpec. (Me 
Bed. HscsD, New Kk. Bteb. £160pw. 

wwn cartra. w«uwhs mraft 
ra wts iiteite to ml ara Cteos. ecooomy 
WAuratotta-Souto Africa. USA. Lfttan. 

(ten. of flats ft bouses In 

taw s inste taraor asuri 

MtaL Very PBracUvo tee tatayhse.1 
to tpbe * shorn. 4/3 weft, a tarra. 

734 6307. ABTJ 

s Orates. Atesrve APte * gn- 
Ol 666 70» ABTA 73196 

sl wi. oi 

Birth, Marriage and Death Notices 01 481 4000 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day picasc telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

sfaMteef a Mftt 

* H* was sfto a benefactor to 
toe Ltatswmy of Atoran B4sd. 

pw. BWavra Thumsr 731 1 333. 
*S7 Blftl Thv mraber to rente 

Freon £466. 01-684 7371 

Trade Advertisers: 

atteMai ttaracy. (hr wtdrti I 
WPS ratttetedl of a-dwow 

toraftdton of Atoon. 
H* wfll to smbx ndtood ta I 

London and Groces. 



Dta df fteft and bowca town tori long / 
Short taf tram £85.00 P.W. Ol 499 166ft 

■Aim «T.«nL LQfurn 2 tod rod mrw, 
tan. «4to gge. £176 gw. Pu c itatai . 

. 961 7767 

DOCiaAtm rm and towns » M 
mraotewui toe Docklands ana. Ttttn- 
• '790 9080 

01 736 8191. ABTA ATOL. 

Law cote Mghft 4ft. 

£3601 JLA 0 1-747 JW 08 

summ/ mt mrenri ug»y ^ 

Ot 4 59 774ft, 


i iwwfw sn toira n tia a 1 * now 

. Uix Moss ldtd bed tet rac kX/dtosr 1 
MS fatal sr£178l>w tod 938 3586 
WMftftSWkj NNW&scrairalSM n tan- 
sy afteL ihBd*. 2 AB MBA. 

Porter. S.G. BcaaDd. 821 2616. • 

latw aranura. -tow am «ww ««- 

. ma £486. Ln £496 Rn. Aho SmteJ 
Group iinfWta Jnsnesust Pom from 
£360) JLA 01-747-3106 

Tacfttbar wi ch bat k. 

■We find oaer ore iked of «I 
nmiiiHfo p w re a&w rat 
one of cancer *a the UK. 

. ac^rab? tCB^reaftocadoo 
or make a Ie**y re 

Cancer. ffl 


don Irani £328 aw ph» VAT. 

don Irani £328 aw pros VAT. Rtaa 
tbwn Horae Apamrate ffra S4V» 

lAVFAMimaCPAMI. -nwraate tamrt- 


AWtartOk mm and Far Ease S Africa. 
. 7TW8ta 4ft Margaret street. Wl. 01 
580 2928 (VBB Acemtetfl 

Public Appointments 

U.K. Holidays 
’ Motors * 


Business to Business 

01 48! 4481 
01 481 1066 
01 481 1986 
01 481 1989 
0! 488 3698 
01 48! 4422 
01 48! 1920 
'01 481 1982 
01 481 1066 

. Ji Mug/ rtwit f«e 1/6 tads aetf ariera 
01936 9512 tO. 

•nr JLA. NYXAf MyjJt, worldwide 
undone. Far Ow c fara pa rt fares, t 

iflMrere g wBBthi re ita ta 

CM T.V. 24 hr Bw. Tstec. CnUtorttaD 
Atutoeus. 0V-S73 6306. 

nnaanc. Far tor e fararast fares, try u* 
UL RKtunand Travel, i Ouke Straw. 
RkbatoodSorrey. astta 01-940 4073. 

Forthcoming Marriages, Weddings, clc for the 
Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 

Nr MARRODS (twetora 1 «He bed. fta. 
LDBige- K ft & Fwn. JaOO pw. 01 691 
8721 Marl BS2 0948 Offer 7J. 


The snari flatten for rentra. 73 ft 
Jterai SL SWl. oi 491 0603. 


2 pM * nl> Hook Tvtoe. 
(DBPT TT/*ni) LesafcaSVlY MIL 

WiCteirahrStte fnuft DM reotp, 

. tto/dutog. Loop teLCiaopwara Jam 

. Haflinrawonb; 01 736 &0O6. 

MS. n a UocK ffactag aquara oantan. tax . 

2 barms, itec. lib. OL Htt. Porter. C» 

. let, £200 BW. KPS. 01-973 7316. 
JtnXT Dftmtdnd K«<sra LWto rw 
Sau/LCL Dane wotrae. Oi «02 7381. 

YUWIUL For year holiday wfletr psrtfU 
aunner. CaW tor at araduae mw. TV- 
iuaaa T»vte Saraaa. 01-373 4412. 

ML Vft arm. Lawm to re an toteor 
■awdotad canters. 01-684 7371 _abta 

Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

LOWUT Air Fares. Scheduled Euroaeft 
Wnrewide . Med Star Travel, « 939 

euhqpC/womld rave lowest bra an 
awrter/ccnMuM tor. Wot npa Ol 
631 0167. Adi AIM 1993- 

COUrt & Social Advertising, 
Times Newspapers Lid., 

I, Pennington Street, 
London El 9DD 

BA £4*8, BAM art art caft». 

.tararaera niff. Otoer FEatra- w-ftta 
' 6614 ABTA. 

W R I T Air Fan*. Ea rape pm wraid 
am. Ol 836 ma 2. BucntoSMlB 

aitlshHeart Foundation 

the heart research charity. . 

Picasc allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries, 
for (he Court & Social page may be made after 10.30 a.m. on 

102 Gloucester Mace. 

London W1H4DR 

rawrateiraa U84. Aft«3. Fta Bart. 6a- 

dto. Q e a i crML 01-737 


Rnr. lux ok. a n ta ins* or N. Year. 
L/2 cranr. 1A watate fr £320, (CfariHr 
■ara ft rap to wnra q 
BSD 7606 at Santa ©l HD 7881. 

curaraw ownra. -Mna n to 

01 822 9953. 

You may use your Access, Amcx, Diners or Visa card. 

.W i 4 *..;. •* z 


Hattersiey Glamour galore on ■ 

warning on 

Frank Johnson is die Commons 



Continued from page 1 
to discourage what Mr Hatter- 
siey calls the increasingly 
short-term perspective of 
in vestmen t; 

• Restrictions on the amount 
of funds which can be invested 
in certain categories of shares, 
as practised by some Ameri- 
can states; 

• Insistence that a certain 
proportion of funds be in- 
vested locally in such cate- 
gories as housing; 

• Legislation to implement 
proposals by die Wilson 
Committee, including the idea 
that at least SO per cent of 
boards of trustees of pension 
funds should consist of work- 
ers or pensioners concerned; 

• Clarification of the 
position of local authority 
pension funds to encourage 
them to delegate fewer invest- 
ment decisions to outside 
pension fund managers. 

Opening up a new area of 
potential controversy in local 
government, Mr Hattersiey 
virtually invited Labour 
groups running town balk to 
push the present law to the 
limit in interfering in pension 
fund decisions. 

He said that a counsel’s 
opinion obtained by South- 
wark council last year seemed 
to suggest that “local authori- 
ties may be at fault if they 
delegate investment decisions 
to outside pension fund 

“This would give locally 
elected councillors, who in 
turn can consult with repre- 
sentatives of pensioners and 
employees, the opportunity to 
develop alternative invest- 
ment strategies to those served 
up by their City managers." 

There was scope, he said, 
for more “socially respon- 
sible” investment, taking a 
longer view. That might in- 
clude not investing in- com- 
panies with South African 
connections or targeting in- 
vestment in the local econ- 
omy. Socially responsible 
investment could actually pro- 
duce a better return than 
conventional investment. 

In his attack on the pension 
fund managers, the shadow 
Chancellor said the degree of 
overseas investment by funds 
had enabled their pessimism 
about the British economy to 
become self-fulfilling. The re- 
sult had been to affect the 
British economy in a way 
which reduced pensioners* in- 
come from domestic sources. 

Funds had also played a 
central role in takeover battles 
which* while producing an 
inflation in paper values, had 
not produced a matching 
growth in real output 

h^< y'" - 

• > ■■■ •- 
• ■*. 

• 1 . - > • *4 • 

^ V h: . 


> • . y ; v< \ 

* x ***$» 

'x. -y- 

„ . 

Suzanne Dando, the former Olympic gymnast, join forces with Debbie Move, 

Stars turn out to help 
Tories win young vote 

Continued from page 1 

October at its Smith Square 
headquarters after Mr Moore 
had been given the youth brief 
by the Prune Minister. It was 
there that the decision to 
divide the coraxnitte into the 
two separate groups was 

Mr Trippier’s new advisory 
group is charged with finding 
“policies to attract the young**. 
The party professionals are 
charged with “presentation 
and organization”. 

Finding the right stars for 
the Tory Party has not been 
easy. As Mr John Biffen told 
friends at this year’s party 
conference: “Central Office 
has been casting about like 
crazy for some top-heavy coal 
miner's daughter to take on 
Billy Bragg.” Samantha Fox 
was considered and rejected. 
A proposal that Culture Club 

drummer Jon Moss be co- 
opted had to be dropped when 
he was charged with drugs' 

The selection of the pro- 
fessionals also posed prob- 
lems. Shirty Stotter. the 
Director of Youth in Central 
Office who fell out of favour 
following the row over the 
allegations by Tory students 
that Harold Macmillan was a 
war criminal, has not been 
included; nor have either Jane 
Stott or Mark Warrall, her two 
assistants. Indeed, when ques- 
tioned about it at its inception, 
they seemed completely ig- 
norant of its existence. 

Both the left-inclined Na- 
tional Young Conservatives 
and the right wing Federation 
of Conservative Students, the 
two established youth wings of 
the party, have been excluded 
on the grounds that they could 
not possibly work together. 

Pop star Bev Bemn and Miles Copeland, 

of ftePoflce pop group. 


Today’s events 

Royad engagements 
Princess Anne, Chancellor, 
London University, opens the 
new extension to the Depart- 
ment of Child and Adolescent 
Psychiatry, De Cresptgny Park, 
Denmark H3D, SES, 10; and as 
Honorary President, the Char- 
tered Institute of Transport, 
attends their anniversary lunch 
to celebrate the founding of the 
institute, the Connaught 
Rooms, 12; and later attends the 
opening ceremony of the 
Hunterian Institute, Royal Col- 
lege of Surgeons of England, 35- 

43 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2, 3. 

Princess Margaret, as Patron, 
the Heart Disease and Diabetes 
Research Trust, opens the Cav- 
endish Clinic, Wellington Road, 
St John's Wood, 3 JO. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron, the British Library of 
Tape Recordings for Hospital 
Patients, attends the annual 
.meeting. Drapers' Hall, 4.45. 

The Duke of Kent, Vice- 
Chairman, the British Overseas 
Trade Board, visits British 
Aerospace. Warton. near Black- 
pool 10.45. 

Prince Michael of Kent, as 
President, the Institute of the 
Motor Industry, visits Mar- 

aneflo Concessionaires, Egham, 

New exhibitions 

Treasures from Afghanistan; 
40 Ring St, Edinburgh; Toes to 
Sat 12 to 6 (ends Nov 22). 

Collage and paintings by Su- 
zanne Wilson and Sue Mckcch- 
nie; MacLaurin Art Gallery, 
RazeHe Park, Ayr, Mon to Sat 
11 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Nov 
25). . 

Anuria Animals: work by 
Colette Dobson and Joanna 
Veevers; Museum and Art Gal- 
lery, The Green, Stafford; Toes 
to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 4 (ends 
Dec 24). 

Snailf £ 

TV top ten The pound 

Naflonal tap an t ata v tai on o rogra ram ea in 
tea week ending October 26 : 

1 jggggo g SauqiaajiMi * *•“*•&* 

2 EastEnders (Tfurs/Sun) 20-45m 

3 20 Years of ffie Two Ronnies 15.35m 

4 . The Rubs AMx* Show 12J9m 

5 Howards Way 12£5m 

6 Bnitfi Strokes f225ni 

7 E?!K_ and W8rtwr P" 20S 9 

1 2 . 00 m i ■. — ^ — • 

8 Dates 11 55m I 

9 Evwy Second Couits 11.55m 

10 Casualty 10.10m _ 

1 Street (Mon) Granite 

2 BSnd Date LWT liLSttn 

3 SfE®?* and Mak8 Pmcs LWT 




"TIP' 1 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,194 

4 pn A Team ITV 13U5ai 

5 gncutnn SaW Ihamas 13XDm 

6 Crossroads (Tubs) Central 12.15m 

7 Coi ^ aBo ” ® nB8t (Wed) Grenada 
1 i-oom 

8 Emmett Farm (Toes) Yorkshire 
■ iw45m 


1 FawRyTaimrs 10.15m 

2 Hie Life aid Loves of A She DM 

3 MASH 8.00m 

4 Ndced Vkteo 7.65m 

5 Snooker ttghflghta (Sun xumsf 


8 Worid Safari S£5ra 

9 IntwneBonaJ Soooter (Tubs 2103) 

10 knarneflonat Tennis and Snooker 
(Sun) 4.95m 

4 Many a bell's cracked, cer- 
tainly (2.3J). 

5 In picture, one American ac- 
tress swallows a drink (71 

boat (4). 

7 Fish struggle in the mud (8). 

8 Paper still to be heard (10). 

projection (5,5). 

tn city to lady (8). 

lij b p g si E3 ns 

I £3SI I e?WI»3HBH(=5 

Iran k n_ra_H_n_ra 
ii^ranc!S uOitii^EssHnii 

la ra. b e 


Ins g n . s eg -es 
f E 51 (I q •'•••[=; 
1 1 3 tit-i ra • ! -if3i <nr? 

|g s , r=! @ tg a no n 

Ira sa a -.ia ta e a p 

McIntosh; De La Warr Pav- 
illioii. BexhDl, 3. 

Concert of Music Theatre; 
Queen's Hall E din b urgh , 8. 

Recital by Christopher 
Brayne; Bristol Cathedral. 1.15. 

Recital by Mhairi Lawson 
(soprano) and Lynn Jones (pi- 
ano): King’s Hall Newcastle 
University. 1.10. 

Concert by the Northern 
Chamber Orchestra, Municipal 
Hall. Albert Rd. Colne, 7 JO. 
Talks, lectures 

What Hope for the Human- 
ities?. by Prof Bernard Wi- 
liams; Vaughan Jeffreys Lecture 
Theatre, Acuity of Education. 
Birmingham University, 5.15. 

J mv* i tu m w t > ^ m r.i rvr 

ment. by Prof Thomas Wilson; 
Raddifie Centre, Buddnidzaxa 
University. Church St, 5.15. 

Williams Morris, by Mrs 
Barbara Morris: Reception 
Room. Wilis Memorial Build- 
ing, Bristol University, 5.15. 

And So to Bath: coaching and 
coaching roads, by CHen- 

5 Quean; Real Magic 3L45m 

6 Aanka3.l5«j^ 

7 American Fo«Sssa3nom 

8 HB Street Bluas 280m 

9 Gmdaners* Catondor Roadshow 

10 It Tates A worried Man 250m 

P reefcf M i t e l evtaic n : The average 
weekly figures far audancas at peak 

Births: Gaido Reni, painter, 
Bologna, Italy, 1575; Angastus 
TopUfe clergyman and hymn 
writer, Farnham, Surrey, 1740; 
James Montgomery, poet, Ir- 
vine, Ayrshire, 1771; Edea 
PhBipotts, novelist and drama- 
tisL Rajasthan, India, 1862; 
GJE. Moore, philospher, Lon- 
don. 1873. 

Deaths; Felix Mendelssohn, 
Leipzig, 1847; Pad Debuoche, 
pointer, Paris, 1859; Wn&ed 
Owen, poet, killed in action, 
France, 1918; Gabriel Famd, 
Paris. 1924: Manuel Azafta 

nmn (w>Oi fans ta p a re ntha S 
ahmring the reaoi- the number of people 
*rtw viewed tor at teas! three mteiAwi; 
BBC1; Time: Mon to Ri 


TVotk Good Memm main Mon to Rrf 
^ *********** 
Broadcastare' Audience Research Board. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2J0): Public Or- 
der BUI and Housmg (SbotlaiKl) 
Bill, Lords amendments. Mo- 
tion On Channel T unnel BflL 
Leeds (230); . Housing and 
Planning Btil, Commons 
amendments. Deacons (Ordina- 
tion of Women) Measure. 

Lighting-up time 



mmmm i 

- Play was resumed m 
labour's two current conspir- 
acy: theories yesterday. 

. One of them is that Consa- 
vative Central Office “tea- 
»d” on various Tray: wrt- 
nesses not to give evidmee in 

the libd action which the two 
Gonsemfive MPs btoughl 
against Pwtorama. 

' The other goes under the 

which are sot going to be 

That ■ these two British 
conspiracies are enjoying es- 
pedal jHranixKBice sbradd not 
detract from the party's 

international Permanent 

This is for peopte who 
believe in, oral least want to 
make other people believe in, 

a penoanent world Conspir- 
acy mvolving the CIA, the 
multi-national corporations, 
phone-tapping of CND, fbro- 
ibJe heterosexuaJily, etc. 

But the partys Conspiracy 
Rules Committee; the qKUfs 
ultimate body at national 
level, realises that to sustain 
public interest in.the pme in 
betweoa big intetnational fix- 
tures, ' smaller, five-a-side 
craiqaxacy theories have to 
be' played cn niainfr^ only 
British co nspi ra tors. 

Hence the aB^ed Central 
Office “teamn^ scandaL 
This involves rally MrTebbit 
and a previously unknown 
Central Office fogal adviser 
called Mr MilchelL - 

Hence to “Wesfland”, 
which has a larger, but stills 
managatrie team of conspir- 
ators mchnfing the Prune 
Minister's press secretary, the 
Yorkshire all-rounder. Mr: 
Benusd Ingham; and the 
D epartme n t of 'Dade and 
Industry press officer, die 
women's nee-style leaker, Ms 
GoDetie Bowe. All are under 
the captaincy of the Prime 

At Question Time yes- 
terday, Mr Tam Dalyell, the 
membra- for Linlithgow; 
opened for Labour by ^king 
the Attorney-General, Sir Mi- 
chael Havers, what recent 
commimkarions-hie had re- 
ceived about Westland. Sir 
Michael replied that he bad 
received three letters, aS from 
Mftr. asking him about his 
role in the inquiry into the 
disclosure of the Sofictor- 
GeneraTs letter. 

(For the benefit of readers 
unfamiliar with the aOegnl 
conspiracy, both .the Sofic- 
itra’-Geneiars letter, and the 
AXtornqy-Gienenil's inquiry 
into tile disclosure, are com- 
plicated parts of the (riot 

Mr Da^raL m a supple- 
mentmy qtiestion, asked Sfr. 
Michael about tire truth or' 
otherwise of a Sunday news- 
paper story whicb had said 
! tire Attorney-General, had 
threatened to send the police 
around to Number 10 unless 
an inquiry was started into 
who leaked the Sofichor- 
GeneraTs fetter. . 

- Sir Michael rephed tha t he 
- bad nothing to add to his 
original reply. Ths was inter- j. 
{reeled on the Labour benches ” 
as further proof of consirir- 

Mr David Wmnidc, La- 
bour- TTw-mh w for Walsall 
Nrath, said tire Attonrey- 
GenexaTs reply was “extra- 
ordinary” and an admisaon 
that he had indeed had to 
•'threaten” Number 10. Sir 
Mtehad replied that his orig- 
inal answer “in no way 
cmfions” tire ne w spaper re- 
port. But by then Labour 
members had decided that 
tire original reply had done 
the opposite. 

But one note of caution 
must be entered. These La- 
bora members “Westland” 
although evidence suggests 
that most people are bored 
comatose at the very mention 
of tire subject. 

What evidence? Weil; tire 
lack of interest even among r 
the broad mass of Labour 
MFs, as opposed to yes- 
terday’s hardened Westland 
enthusiasts. Last Wednesday 
eyenu& when tire House 
spent the whode sitting 
debating the subject, few 
Labour members were in the 
seats by 10 o'clock. 

They doubtless share the 
rest of tire country's view: 
MrcThatcberdid wrong. But 
tire evidence is not a “smok- 
ing gun”. It is at best a 
smoking parking ticket None 
of tins will deter Mr DalyelL 

Nor win Mr Dale Camp- 
befl-Savoura, tire Labour 
member for Workington, be 
deterred. He is tire Tam 
DafyeS of tire Conservative i 
Central Offic p-PamawwL af- f 
fair. • 

Yesterday he 'raised tire 
“interferenoe with witnesses” 
issue with die Athmrey-Genr 
era! — Attorney-General's 
question time bang the tra- 
ditional fanutoub Playtime, 

“There is a tape in existence 
which will crane out and 
which will prove it,” Mr 
'Campbefl-Savours assured 
the House/as eyes glazed and 
jaws dropped. ( 



A ridge of high pressure 
wBl build over southern 
Britain, with a tnoisteniiig 
W to SW airflow in lire 
• north.; 

6 am to midnight 

Around Britain 



: ‘ h 


' id. 

m * 1 » ' to 

-. : i' 

- ’ ■.■i.-'g-S- 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

: ’ *tl» 


FT 30 Share 

1294.1 (+8.7) 

FT-SE 100 

1639.2 (+7.1) 




I USM (Datastream) 
ft 126.66 (+0.41) 

<: .** 
:• - ... s 

' . -.'i 

’* ■ ■-»*_ "s'. 

'■ v 
.. 7 - 

“ •„ y 


: 1.4110 (+0.0055) 

W German mark 
2.9109 (+0.0128) 


68.7 (+0.3) 

>r- ^5; 

<-e‘ ■ - 

• . ■' l-v.? 

Decline iii 
oil price 

Bus buyout 


M * 

£lbn turnover 

y v 


Pineapple buy 

. «K* ** 

Pineapple Group is to bny 
Golden Key Promotions for 
' £500,000 cash plusa further 
payment accenting to profits. 
■ Golden Key sells promotional 
incentive schemes based oh 
; provision of free accommoda- 
bon at 200 hotels. 

Booker deal 

Booker has acquired 
Nature’s Way Holdings, a 
private chain of health food 
-shops and restaurants, for £3.1 
million cash. 

■tlm -- 

Wan Sum 26 Var*gmEx& 29 
Co News 26 MedOpto »' 
Cteanaent 27 IWfThnif ■ 30 
Stock Martet 27 Ca*»Q«tiex :» 

Tempos 29 BSMFticcs 30. 
Matey Mrkts 29 Shore Prices. 31 



Sow Jones 188M7(4«j06r 


Nikkei Dow Ckx* 

HangSef^.— — 22S^+HUB 

AnWaretain: Gen 23U5(+2- 

Srdney: AO 1375.7 (-tj 

Co m m e rzb an k 20Q2S(+?-2) 

Brands: . 

General — Jvs 

Pant; CAC 382^ (-1.0) 


SKA General _ 54&80 (+7.10) 

London dostogiwlca* .Pag*31 

^ufs -j vi 



London; . ' 

Bank Base: 11% ' 

3-montti inter bank 1t , w-10 H, «i% 


Prime Rafe7Vr% 

Federal Rxv* 6®m£* • 

3-raontb ffeasifly Bite &1BA17W 


- '^21 



1 ; a-* 

■ ' if. 

• : * 

, z*-** 


. f 



S: £1-4125* 

leaden; New Tone 


£ DM251® .rs-asBSw* 
£SwFi 24220 8;SwFr1.7T7P» 

£ FFr9.4960 

5: FFr6,7385* 


£indocS8.7- S:lndaxr1.12L8 




Mr Robert MaxwelFs Hoffis 
group yesterday emerged as 
white knight to the bo- 
feaguered auiomative eu- 
gmamna company AE in a 
surprise £287 nuUmn takeover 

By John Bell, dty Editor 

-The move came l ess than a 
week after the City. Takeover 
PSand gave pemtissioa for a 
i renewed bid fiom ' Tinner & 

Newall, whose first hotly- 
contested offer foiled by; the 
narrowest ofmargms. 

Turner & TfcwaO said last 
night that it had no intention 
of araepting the terms.of the 
Hollis offer, winch it said 
seemed to be Jadting-in the 
principal areas identified by. 
AE In their defence to TAN'S 
first approach. ' 

Sir Rands Tombs, TANs 
chairman, added that AFs 
acceptance of the Hollis offer 
was “inexplicable and faanfiy 
in the . best imereti of 

. “Hoffis has no background 
. in engineering or even any 
expenencc in the automotive 
indnstry," be aaidl - 
Sir Francis esqnessed sur- 

The oil price retreated yes- 
terday after last week’s strong 
gains. The price of Brent for 
delivery in December closed 
50 cents lower at $14_3G a 

But optimism about the 
long-term direction of tiie 
price in the wake of Sheikh 
Yamani’s dismissal helped 
steriing — aided by a strong 
dollar — gain 55 points to 

' The pound rose from 
DM2.8982 to DM2.9132 
while the effective exchange 
rate was up (13 against its 
previous dose, at 6&7, after 
opening at 69.Q, tbe best lewd 
for a month. 

Optimism on interest rates 
helped the FT 30-share index 
gain 8.7 to 1294.1. 

prise that tbe board of AE 
-shbold: be ; recommending an 
offer from Ho&is whidi has a 
cash alternative of less than 
the 266p value of the T&N bid 
on the day before it lapsed. 

. Even-ibbugh the HoDis/AE 
deal has the agreement ofboth 
hoards, T&N still' retains a 
near-30 per cent stake, in AE 
and would be powerfully 
placed if it decided to re-enter 
the fray. . 

The move by. HdHis puzzled 
the City for the company, a 
subsidiary of Mr MaxwdTs 
master company Pergamon, is 
for smader than AE. The bkT 
is,io effect, a reverse takeover 
’^th Holfis diududdeis set to 
receive only 17 per cent of the 
equity of the combined group. 
It leaves AFs chair man Sir 
John CoByearin command of 
the enlaiged board. 

. Last weekend thdpe was 
speculation that AE and. its 
advisers were in pursuit of a 
white knight, though Hoffis 
was not thought to be on the 
list of likely candidates. 

. Sr John, who has fiercely 
opposed the T&N approach, 

said yesterday that his board 
was crated at the prospect of 
an opportunity to continue 
AE*s successful business stra- 

ti was also pleased that it 
and AFs employees are to 
play a central role in the plans 
of Hollis to devdop as a 
sig ni fi c ant force in manofoc- 
taring enCTwering, he added. 

The AE board was con- 
vinced that Hoffis's intended 

3 of encouraams hwH 
gy was consistent and 
tie with its own 
obiectiyes. . .. 

The idea of the merger came 
via an approach from Mr 
Maxwell to Sr John in the 
middle of last week; 

Last month Mr Maxwell 
announced that Hollis had 
plans to increase its sales and 
.market capitalization from 
£130 nuffioo and £80 mflfion 
respecti vely by more than five 
times overtbe next five years. 

The terms of lhe HolIis offer 
value AE at 287p a share with 
a cash alternative of 260p per 
AE .share. _ 

Feature, page 27 

on way 
for insider 

By Lawrence Lever 

White knight to the rescue: Mr Robert Maxwell (Photograph: Hugh Rootiedge) 

Four directors go 
inL&C shake-uo 

Cheltenham & Gloucester 
Omnibus Company yesterday 
became the fifth National Bus 
subsidiary to be sold undo- the 
Government’s priv a tization 
programme with a successful 
management buyout befog 
headed by Mr Mark Thomas, 
tbe managing director.The 1 
560 staff will be given the I 
Chance soon to partidpatein a i 
profit-sharing or share option j 
scheme. . 

■z s: ■ ' Waterford Glass has sokl its 
z^sii k«s-malring Smijh 

' a nominal price~to*Mr Bill 

Cullen. The sake will result in 

an. extraonfrnaxy loss of £LS. 
million fbr Waterford. The 
profitable Smith Self Motor- 
— mg car hire company ex- 
TS eluded from the sue. - 1 

Interim pretix profils at 
Associated British Foods rose 
16 per cent to £722 million in 
the six months 'to September 
27. Turnover rose 10 per cent 
to £1 billion and the interim 
dividend was inc re ased by 16 
percent to 8.8pu 



The Government tapkrt 
stock 10 per cent converncm. 
1996 was exhausted at tender 
yesterday with a striking price 
of £94%. The £250 mfllion 
- stock was the basest of four 
.tranches announced on 
Friday. . . 

London and Continental 
Advertising Holdings, foe out- 
door advertiang company, 
yesterday announced a dra- 
matic rescue package to arrest 
losses and raise new capital 
. The package involves, foe 
.Teagnaac® of four directors, 
refomdaacies for ten percent 
of Jbe staff and a £7.4 million 
filnd-raising exercise which 
wiH introduce h 30 per bent 
shareholder who. wffl have 
four seatsemfoe board. 

Moreover L&P, which, an- 
SfoBDed Hha^^ear losses of. 


according.; to its chief exec- 
. foive, ^^Christopher Perry, 
win do no bbffv .fiikn foeak 
. even m 1987. 

Mr John Golfer, chairman 
ofL&C- is resgniire with his 
two co-founders -> Mr David 
Harris, deputy chairman, and 
Mr Ronald de Young; a 
director and framer managing 
director. Lord Bettwin, a non- 
executive director, is , also 
‘pepping down. 

In September a controversy 
arose involving Mr Golfer and 
Mr de Young who, between 
them, sold 500,000 shares in 
L&C shortly before annotme- 

By Our City Staff 

talks at 
US bank 

Outlook gloomy, 
says ABCC survey 

By. David Smith, Ecomnucs Correspondent 

ing a downturn in profitability 
at foe company's annual 

tnfrti ng 

Tlje. resignations come as 
part of the terms of a £7.4 

miBinti finanrjpg parkag ». pro- 

vided by an Australian 
advertising group, which in 
the past two wedcs has taken 
an 8L23 per cent stake in LAC 
■ The package comes in the 
form of a rirfits issue of 6.7 
million new L&C shares at a 
7p premium to yesterday’s 
opening price of 103. pence. 
-L&gJeJl 4p on foe announce^ 
meat to 99 pu 

Pfecadflly Rtmse, an asso- 
ciate of foe privately-owned 
Griffin Group of Australia, is 
. underwriting ibe visits issue 
and proposing to lake four 
hood seats. The intention is 
for KccadxUy House to take its 
stake in the company from 
&23 per cent to 29.8 per cent 
i£ as expected, none of the 
riffoti’are taken up 

shareholders will result in 
Piccadilly House pmcfnising 
shares to bring its. total stake 
10 Ibe 29.9 per cent slake it 
desires. Four Piccadilly House 
appointees win replace the i 
outgoing L&P directors. "i 

Strong & Fisher bid for 
Garnar Booth referred 

Strong & Hsheris £20 mil- 
lion contested bad for fellow 
feather manufacturer, Garnar 
Booth, has been referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
. Commission. The main rea- 
son ropears to be tbat the 
combined group would have 
more than 20 per cent of 
British lambskin output 

- Mr Richard Strong, manag- 
ing director of Strong & 
fisher, said yesterday he was 
“amazed” by therefonence. 

He sakl tf the btf fodnot go 
■ through more British iamb- 
skins would be exported. 

The Office of Bair Trading, 
which recommended the ref- 
erence, had missed the point 
on foe international nature of 
the market, he added. Exports 
of lambskins have risen from 
30 per cent ofBritish outpatm 

By Alison Endfe ”• • 

20 mil- Z9?0tonKHethan60 per cent 
•fellow atpresent 
Garnar ^-Kemietii Newton, dsair- 
d to the man ofGaiinar Booth, said he 
fergers was^eased by the Secretary .of 
in Tea- State for Trade and Industry’s 
at foe deciriten. He contested fiat 
d have The combined group would 
cut of secure less. of foe la mb s kin 
x. supply 

Her said there woe worries 
among the smaller Britifo 
tanners about losing raw 
n<XL materials supply, if the two 
hugest companies in the in- 
*y*f° dnstry mesged. 
ij iamb- There .was also anxiety 

' among Garnar employees not 
rading. involved in the clttfhing 
he ref- feather . business about job 
: point security. 

lure of Strong & Fisher had won 
Exports control of 19J23 per cent of 
u from Ga ar, incliKiing its 1 AS per 
dpotfo cent strice. 

From Bailey Moris 

Directors of BankAmerica 
Corporation met In dosed 
session yesterday to consider 
an nwdooau takeover offer 
from First Interstate Bancorp^ 
as reports drealated that 
Citicorp, toe largest US hank, 
had also made a firm ML 

ABhoagh neither side woald 
cornmem on (he Gricorp oter- 
tare, it had heea. reported 
earlier that the pfcw York 
baakiag company , was m- 
teiested m acqu+v^all or part 
of'.BaMAmerka to gain- a 
foothold in the'hogeCBKffinda 

-Analysts said, however, that 
an outright acquisition was 
unlikely because of interstate 
basking laws in forceanfil 

But CSticarp has found a 
way to c i i um wot the laws, 
according to the New York 
Times, which reported that the 
hank had notified 
BankAmerica it was prepared 
i. to aoke an offer more attrac- 
tive than the $22 a share 
offered by First Interstate. 

A merger of Cfrkorp and 
BankAmerica, the two largest 
banks in the United States, 
would create a basking giant, 
larger than any in tlm world. 
Sofo a proposed merger would 
be closely sc ru tini zed by fed- 
eral regalalorsr * 

Earlier, in published inter- 
views,. Baafehmerira officials 
indicated tfagy did not welcome 
tbe first Interstate offer which 
was raised from $18 a share. 
Mr A W “Tom” Clausen, the 
new chief executive, said be 
did not retmn to BankAmerica 
to preside ever its sale to First 

• Goodyear Tire and Briber 
said ft is contacting potential 
boyers of Ms Cekna 03 and 
Gas aft as part of a 
restrudwing plan the coo- 

Thc Association of Britiri 
Chambers of Commerce is 
j gloomy about business pros- 
pects and has sent 
■ “disturbing" evidence from its 
j latest survey to Mr Nkel 
i Lawson, tire Chancdlar of the 
, Exchequer. 

Export prospects have stag- 
nated and the employment 
i outlook is bleak, the ABCC 
I says, reporting on tire findings 
■of its Regional Business Sur- 
1 vey fir foe thhd quarter. 

- Mr Roger Bnnnan, chair- 
. man of foe ABCCs Economic 
and Industrial Onnxmttee, 
said in a fetter to the Chan- 
cellor : “While there has been 
a slight increase in the trend of 
ordm from the home market, 
orders from export markets 
have decreased yet again." 

The trend for the balance of 
payments was “extremely 
disturbing,'’ with a current 
account deficit of£I.I5 billion 
in the third quarter, Mr Bur- 

1 man added. 

ABCC members, of which 
there are 50,000, welcomed 
the pound's decline against 
the European currencies, but 
the failure of exports to re- 
spond sufficiently was ex- 
plained by uncertainties over 
the future course of sterling. 
Such uncertainties would be 
removed if tbe pound was 
taken into the European 
Monetary System, the ABCC 

Interest rates were again 
cited as the main obstacle to 
economic expansion, and the 
survey evidence was taken 
before tbe latest one-point 
rise. Because of high interest 
rates, employment prospects, 
were bleak m the areas of 
already high unemployment, 
including Merseyside, the 
West Midlands and Wales, the 
ABCC said. 

Mr Butman called on the 
Chancellor to limit further 
burdens on companies, 
including big increases in local 
authority rates and national- 
ized industry charges. 

maricetfe'i^feted in arise in 
foe number of new homes 
started in the third quarter, 
according to official figures. 

Housing starts totalled 
53^00 in the third quarter, up 
43 per cent on foe 51,000 
starts of the second quarter. Zn 
the third quarter of last year, 
there were 49,400 housing 
starts. The latest quarter's 
figures were 7.9 per cent up on 
a year ago. 

In September alone, hous- 
ing starts totalled 19300, 
compared with 16,600 in 
September last year. 

The rise in housebuilding 
activity is entirely within the 
private sector. 

This year’s total for housing 
starts is likeJy to be tbe largest 
since foe early 1970s. 

LET bid 
for 1928 
is agreed 

By Jndkh Huntley 
Commercial Property 

London & Edinburgh Trust, 
the fast growing and highly 
rated property company, is 
making an agreed offer for die 
Nineteen Twenty-Eight 1 
Investment Trust LET is 
using its expensive paper to . 
make what is the equivalent of 
a rights issue to raise £80 
million for the purchase. 

London & Manchester 

Assurance Company, which 
owns 53.6 per cent of the 1928, 

owns 53.6 per cent of the 1928, 
has accepted the LET offer. 
LET will sell the investment 
trust portfblia 

To finance tbe purchase, 
LET is to offer new ordinary 
shares — up to a maximum of 
243 per cent of its enlarged 
share capital -and up to 43.18 
million 6 per cent preference 
shares for the whole of 1928's 
stock at 110 per cent of the 
formula asset value. 

There is an underwritten 
cash alternative of 100 per: 
cent of 1928’s fev - the net 
asset value minus the costs of 
dosing down. 

LET’S offer of 1 10 per cent 
of fav is unusual for an 
investment mist but tbe com- 
pany says it was prepared to 
pay a premium for the cer- 
tainty of having L & Mon its 

Tough new powers In the 
F inancial Services Bill to curb 
insider dealing wiQ be bought 
as soon as possible by the 
Government, Mr Michael 
Howard, the Minister for Con- 
sumer and Corporate Affairs, 
said yesterday. 

r Mr Howard’s annotmee- 
hnent came as Sir Kenneth 
{Benin, tbe chairman of the 
jnew Dty watchdog, the 
Securities and Investments 
j Board, gave a warning that 
{highly controversial pro- 
visions laying down capital 
i requirements for investment 
[businesses would be an- 
{nnimced within the next week. 

The insider dewBpg pro- 
visions give Department of 
Trade and industry investi- 
gators increased powers to 
force witnesses to give ev- 
idence on oath, making them 
guilty of contempt or court 
where they refuse to co- 

Mr Howard said: “These 
new powers represent a better 
opportunity than we have ever 
had before to curb this per- 
nicious practice” He added 
that the new rules will be 
bought in “without delay.” A 
Department of Trade and 
Industry said this meant 
“earfy next year”. 

The Government is able to 
implement the insider dealing 
rules ahead of the rest of the 
Bin as this is one area of City 
regulation which will not im-' 
traQy be delegated to tbe SIB. 

Jt does not therefore form part 
of the self-regulatory regime 
which wiH not be ready until 
towards the end of next year at 
the earliest 

Related provirions in the 
bill which provide for cross- 
border exchange of informa- 
tion between regulators in 
different countries will also be 
bought into force early. 

loader dealing became a 
criminal offence in 1980. 
However, to date it has only 
resulted in seven prosecu- 
tions, of which four have been 

The Stock Exchange has 
strengthened its surveffiance 
i team and increased the num- 
ber of investigations into sus- 
picious price movements. 

The Government has 
signed a memorandum of, 
understanding last month 
with American regulatory 
bodies providing for mutual 
exchange of information. 

Meanwhile, Sir Kenneth 
BeriD promised that a new set 
of SIB proposals to ensure that 
firms have enough capital to 
run their businesses is likely to 
be “(me of the most controver- 
sial so far". 

Tbe rules mil divide the 
investment industry into four 
broad types of business and 
lay down what financial re- 
sources each type requires. 

At a London conference Sir 
Kenneth said that “many 
cases of fraud and dishonesty 
arise from initial financial 
difficulties within a firm.” 

New imagers 
by Oxford 

puy expects to nowfl within 
foe next two weeks. 

foe next two weeks. 

Goodyear is expected to be 
foe target of a joint takeover 
bid by Sr James Goldsmith 
«d Haasoo Trast. 

• American Hoechst will 
mafcea cosh tender offer for all 
foe shares ofCefenese at $245 
a share, the companies said. 

Oxford Instruments, the 
world market leader in mag- 
netic body scanning equip- 
ment, is to launch two new 
diagnostic imaging products. 
They are a low cost compact 
magnet and an actively self- 
shielding magnet and will be 
shown at the meeting of the 
Radiological Society of North 
America in Chicago next 

Oxford Instruments 
yesteday announced results 
for tbe six months to the end 
of September, 1986. Pretax 
profits rose from £6.6 million 
to £&5 mfllion. Turnover 
increased from £33.8 million 
to £47.8 nuQion. 

Tempos, page 29 

30 per centofBritish output m ~ cent stake. . . I • share, toe companies said. | Tempos, page 

Mercury cuts prices in fight 

MAIN PRICE CHANGES . / ' ■ ™ r i ® 

to win telephone customers 


| 1 Mercury Communications, 
the sole competitor to British 
Telecom, yesterday moved to 
restore its . price advantage 

(for with reductions of about 
12 per. cent for long-distance 
calls. ' • 

The price cuts are intended 
to counter .British Telecom’s 
tanif changes, introduced at 
the; weekend, which reduced 
some daytime trunk calls fry 
up .to 17 per cent, -while 
increasing local call charges. 

Competition in tele-' 
communications services is 
becoming increasingly fierce, 
particularly in tire fight fry the 
two- rivals to attract large 
business uSere with a high 
level of longdistance daytime 


These are Mercury’s -first 
price changes since its launch 
in May and win mean' an 
average reduction of about 12 
‘;iw'bem''.fbr'calb. river 56 
. tofomefres fabDui 35 utiles). * 

For customers connected 
directly to the Manny net- 
work, prime time long-dis- 
tance calls are reduced by up 
to 12-5 per cent and standard 
and economy rates by aboutas 
13 per cent 

For smaller customers con- 
nected to Manny’s digital 
trunk network through the 
local British Telecom lines, 
long-distance tariffs are down 
fiy.up to 112 per cent during 
prime time, by as much as 
115 per cent for standard rate, 
and Iff per cent for economy. 

Rental charges are also re- 
duced for the “Smart Box’' 
tdepbooe,which permits ac- 
cess to tbe Mercury system. . 

Charges for- local calls and, 
trunk caffs up to 56 kilometres 
are unchanged, as are install** 
non charges, and leased line 

The’cteanges, effective from 
yesterday,- have restored 
Mercury's previous compet- 
itive edae and mean that large 

users are offered an average 
saving of between 17 and 24 
per cent on trunk routes. 

The next step in the battle 
fin- customers will be the 
planned introduction by Brit- 

ish Telecom of its Optional 
Calling Han, which wilJ offer 
large business users a discount 
in return for an annual fee. 

The Office of Tele- 
conun unications, tbe govern- 
ment watchdog of the 
industry, is expected to pro- 
nounce soon .on the 
acceptability of the proposals. 

Mercury also welcomed 
OftcTs judgement that British 
Telecom's “rebalancing” of 
charges Is largely complete. 

Over tbe past two years 
British Telecom has been 
removing the subsidy of local 
calls by long-distance calls, to 
help meet tbe challenge from 



Can you afford to make 
a mistake over your 

At DEBENHAMS we make sure you don’t. 

With a Deheohams ‘NoltiQuote’ Mortgage Service* 
you’ll have access to: 

1 Numerous fund sources, in seconds 

2 An instant computer link up to major UK insurers for 
the best value endowment plans 

3 A Mortgage Reservation Certificate, reserving the funds 
you need for your new property 

4 Plus MultiQnote Motor, Buildings and Home Contents 
Insurance, finds you the best value from a selection of 
major insurers, with instant quotations over the phone 
and can indude: 

• Instant Cover 

• Monthly Premiums 

• Built-In Legal Protection 

and many other benefits. 


the MultiQuote Hotline now on 
01-439 0079 or 01-491 2575 

RsgW^ Office Ca^Hous£48-OTBraafctt RBokandlnBiehmiNo; 1776839 






ai I 

by i 

the i 
on tl 
the . 
and i 







B. V 
Be mi 




res tec 
view i 
in the 
of i 

■he L 
rad b 
lince 1 






ny N 




7 00 u 






nw H 
no Ini' 


j cc 


jiu an 



S-l M 

U b- 


■C Ui 
188 - 
wi c 
.43 .% 








FOR . 

























Fat Chicago 



Phelps Doe 















Philip Mrs 
























Amax Inc 










25 'A 




PBS E 8 G 



Am Brands 



Gen Carp 
Gan Electric 






Am Can 














4 2ft 






Rcwai Dutch 



Am Express 








Am Home 





Sara Lee 




















Am Teteph 



Georgia Pac 



Scon Paper 

















Sears Hbck 






Gow Inc 



Shad Trans 



Ashland OO 















Avon Prods 



Gt Att&Tac 














Bk of Baton 

40 Xr 



GuK8 West 









Bank ol NY 



HebB HJ. 






Bath Steel 










52 ’A 





Sun Comp 



















Bg Warner 





kKId Steal 





Texas E Cor 










Texas Inst 








Texas Utto 





mt Paper 












Travtrs Cor 





kving Bates 



TRW tec 








UAL Inc 





Kaser Alton 








Kerr McGee 






Central SW 






Un Pac Cor 





K Mart 



UU Brands 











CTim 8k NY 






























Lucky Strs 





An Water 





Coca Cola 

























Mrt Marietta 










2 /% 










Xerox Corp 



Cons Etta 









Cn Nat Gas 






Cans Power 









Mkatu Mng 



Coming GH 
CPC bn 















Morgan JP. 






Cm Zener 






Aicn Akan 

Dart fi Kraft 











f ^ 




Can Pacific 



Delta Air 



Nat Disflrs 






Detroit Ed 



Nat Mori Ent 






Digital Eq 






Hkr/SJd Can 


Dow Chain 

















Dresser Ind 






imperial OH 



Duka Power 







In Pipe 








Ryl Trustee 



Eastern Ak 





Steel Co 



Earn Kodak 








Eaton Coro 
Emerson B 



Pan Am 



ThmenN ‘A - 






78 ft 

Verity Corp 
Wkr Hiram 



Exxon Cora 








Fed Dot Sts 







■ EiMtAsttAebaarnWiaakHkUBtticUMd ■ «e» au.p stock sjAMimw TUoatHL 


Dow heads 
at start 

New York (Bento 1 ) — Wall 
Street share prices moved 
moderately higher in eai 
trading yesterday, helped by 
sightly higher bond prices 
and the momentum from last 
week's gain. 

Shares associated with 
takeovers am) restructuring 
con tinned to attract attention 
and lift the overall market . 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was up 432 points at 
L882.73. Advancing issues led 
declining issues by a margin of 
three to two, on a volmne 16 
milliofl shares. 

Cehnese jumped 29 points 
to 247. American Hoecfast, a 
subsidiary of Hoecfast of West 
Germany, . is to acquire 
Cehmese for $245 a share. 

Occidental Petrotaun mi 
1% to 28 and IBM gained */■ 
to 124. American Electric was 
down V* at 29 7 />» Goodyear 
was down 1 % at 47V4 and 
Borg-Warner at 37 7 /> was np 
Vt. Q aklah oma Gas was op 7 /* 
at It and Wed tech was down 
% to 4V*. 

Union Carbide was down % 
at 21 7 /s, Eastman Kodak, at 
6lV>i was np 44, Hanson 
Trust, at I4 s /s was unchanged 
and AT&T, at 24%, was 
down Vt. 

The transportation average 
was down 1.50 points to 
833.88, utilities were np 0.06 
points and stocks, at 742L82, 
wore up 0.75 points. 

The Standard & Poor’s 100 
index was Hp 0.73 at 230.25, 
while the S & P composite 
average was up 0.64 at 244.62. 


More heavy trading in Sears 

Sears, the Se] fridges to 
Mappin & Webb retail 

conglomerate, was again the 
highest volume stock traded 
on the London Stock Ex- 
change, with 15 million shares 
going through the market. 

The volume figure — 7.5 
million shares were sold and 
7.5 million shares bought — 
comes after the relentless 
activity last week when be- 
tween 5.9 million and 16 

millio n shares rhangpd hands 

each day. 

But Mr Geoffrey Maitland- 
Smith, the company's chair- 
man, remains calm. “Its just 
the same parcel of shares 
changing hands,*' he says. He 
is keeping a dose eye on the 
share register but says be has 
not yet unearthed anything 

Sears shares advanced an- 
other I0.5p to 149.5p in 

the feet that most of the trade 
in the stock market since Big 
Bang has been among market- 

There was little outride 
input and traders complained 
that, with the SEAQ service 
curtailed still further yes- 
terday to prevent overloading, 
it was even more difficult to 
assess the “feeT of the market. 

The services available went 
without hitch and most eq- 
uities gained ground. The FT 
30 share index dosed off its 
highest level of the day, up 8.7 
at 1 294. 1 , while the FT-SE 1 00 
share index dosed 7.1 higher 
at 1639.2. 

Gilts had a good day as well, 
although they, too, dosed off 

By Carol Leonard 

tfaetr best, whh gains of up to 
£% in the longs and £%b in the 

Among leading equities 
Beecham gained lOp to 440p, 
Glaxo 7p to 950p, British 
Telecom 3p to I92p while ICI 
eased 6p to 1095p and Grand 
Met lost Ip to 440p. Hanson 
Trust, which started its ADR 
facility in New York yes- 
terday, firmed a penny to 
202p, notching up a volume of 
6.1 million shares. And Racai, 
after encouraging press com- 
ment on its vodafbne, saw 14 
million shares go through the 
market and its shares gain 6p 
to 174p. 

PHkingtou, Britain's biggest 
glass manufacturer, hardened 
a further 8p to 526p, equal to 
its high for the year, as 
speculation heightened that it 
may be about to bid for United 

• Hanover Draco, the es- 
tate agency and property com- 
pany, should impress with 
its interim residts next week. 

It is on targetfor £1.3 mo- 
tion pretax profits for the faB 
year, a 45 per cent in- 
crease. Us p/e will then have 
fallen from 2d to 15. Its 
shares held steady yesterday 

Scientific Holdings, the de- 
fence contractor. Rumours of 
such a deal have been circulat- 
ing for more than three 
months and are now being 
dismissed as “unlikely” by 
some market men. The USH 
share price, down a penny at 
147p yesterday, seemed to 
agree with them. 

But others are still firm 

believers. “It’s coming any 
day now,” said one. The 
believers say there are whis- 
pers that Pilldngton will offer 
one of its own shares for every 
two in USH, valuing each 
USH share at 263p, with a 
cash alternative of 225p. 

Stores were one of the high 
spots, on continuing hopes 
that another increase in in- 
terest rates has been averted. 
Woofrrorth climbed lOp to 
643p, Stylo I2p to 258p, 
Burton l2p to 294p, Freemans 
lOp to 427p and Harris 
Queensway 9p to 205p. 

Otis contmued to gain 
ground with IC Gas the 
biggest mover, up Sp at 579p, 
on hopes that Petrofena might 
yet come in with a while 
knight bid at around 625p a 
share to top the offer from the 
Barclay brothers. Ultramar 
gained 6.5p to 161.5p, Enter- 
prise 6p to 152p and Shell 5p 

BP, a penny firmer at 689p, 
is expected to rise further 
ahead of its third quarter 
results on November 20. Mr 
Philip Capadia, an oil expert 
at Raphael Zorn, the broker, 
thinks the results will be 
surprisingly good. 

Most sector analysts are 
expecting profits for the full- 
year to drop from £3.6 billion 
to £1.4 btibon, with earnings 
per share tumbling from 87.4p 
to between 35p and 39p. But 
Mr Capadia thinks earnings 
per share will be more like 

“Most oil companies have 
not reduced the price of their 
products in line with the drop 
in oil prices and consequently 

will show huge downstream 
profits,” be says. “And a lot of 
broken have failed to take 
into consideration the 
strength of the swing in oil 
prices since the Opec meeting. 
BP'S shares are cheap com- 
pared to most other oil 

Electricals were active as the 
old Scrimgeour Vickers elec- 
trical team began work at 
Smith New Court, the market- 
maker. Most ended a couple of 
pence better, with the excep- 
tion of Oxford Instruments, 
which dropped 71p to 465p on 
disappointing interim results. 

BICC gained 4p to 272p, 
Chanting 3p to 568p, Votes 
Gimp 2p to 248p and Stone 
International a penny to 146p. 

Fears about the spread of 
the Aids virus and hopes of a 
cure lifted shares in WeUcome, 

• Boyal Bank of Scotland 
dipped lp to 319p despite be- 




. “Barclays is one of the world’s largest 
banks, and one of the most profitable. My job 
as Chairman is to ensure that we remain so, 
not just today, but in the fiitiire, too. 

“To do that we have to keep ahead of the 
ever-changing needs of both our corporate and 
personal customers.! see our major investment 
in Barclays de Zoete \(fedd as being an essential 
part of that philosophy. 

“Throughout industry, here in the U.K. 
-and around the world, banks' corporate clients 
are turning to die capital markets and the 
inelegantly termed 'securitisation of debt’ as 
alternatives to more conventional lines of 
finance. Particular expertise is needed to inter- 
mediate between issuers and investors. 

“Through Barclays de Zoete \JCfedd, the 
group can now. deliver skilled and widely 
. experienced securities based services through 
our worldwide network. 

u Tp take another example, oiir millions of 
personal customers will also benefit from ■ 
BZWfc dose links with the stock market We 
will soon be introducing a last, inexpensive 
share-dealing service through our high street 

“Linked directly to BZNJCf this will enable 
■ the small investor to deal more easily and. more 
economically in a large number of stocks and . 
shares. . 

“These are just two specific examples of 
the improved service we shall be offering to 
ensure that Barclays stays in front There will 
be considerable benefits . for both, customers 
of and. investors in Barclays Bank, from our 
involvement in Barclays de Zoete Weddr . 


‘As Chairman of Barclays de Zoete'Wbdd,- 
my role is to ensure that .we deliver both to 
dietits of the Bank and to major institutions, 
services, that are complementary to; byt differ- 
ent from, those of our parent: 

distinctions are- becoming increasingly 
blurred between different but similar inter- 
mediaries in thegtoM securitfe And 

in a financial world that isilso global in both, 
its outlook and the scale of its financial needs, 
there is an increasing requirement for an invest- 
ment banking group with equivalent human 
and financial resources. 

“The combination ; in Barclays de Zoete ■ 
Wfedd of one of London^ top stockbrokers 
and major market makers,, ah innovative 
merchant bank, proven investment manage- 
ment and the resources of the Barclays group 
will, in my view, meet that neecL 

“In fret, I believe that our alliance will very 
..quickly prove an invaluable- asset to all 
those clients who are already familiar with the 
individual parts of our organisation. 

‘And. of course, I believe it will also be a 
rewarding investment for the entire Barclays 


Ebbgate House, 2 S vxm Lane, London EGiR 3TS. Tel: 01-623 2323. 

Mackenzie, the broker, 
whose banking analyst, 

Mr David Nisbet, is forecast- 
ing £195 million profits 
and 15 per cent earnings 
growth for the results pub- 
lished at the end of this 

which is developing the 
revolutionary anti-Aids drug 
AZT, 9.5p to 202.5p. London 
International Group, manu- 
facturer, among other things, 
of Durex, rose 6.5p to 239.5p 
on the expectation that con- 
dom advertisements will soon 
be allowed on television as 
part of a concerted effort by 
the Government to slow down 

the spread of the disease. 

Arana Group, the cakes and 
jam manufacturer, advanced 
9p to 546p. before settling for 
a 3p rise at 540p on specula- 
tion about the 20 per cent 
stake owned by Northern 
Foods. Analysts say that 
Northern Foods could be 
about to launch a full bid or. 
alternatively, could be on the 
brink of selling the holding to 
another predator such as 
Hillsdown Holdings. 
HiHsdowB shares were un- 
changed at 21 Ip, as were 
Northern at 276p. 

Messel, the broker, man- 
aged to place the balance of C 
H Bearer's £1 90 million rights 
issue with diems after only 
71.6 per cent had been taken 
up. Tne business, done by Mr 
Mike Whittles, of the Messel 
corporate finance department, 
was completed yesterday and 
the shares breathed a sigh of 
relief putting on 4p to 190p 

IBL, the computer leasing 
group, which had been 
languishing at around the 45p 
level until its interim results a 
few weeks ago, has risen 
steadily since then and yes- 
terday touched 73p, a 5p rise 
on the day, before felling back 
to dose at 70p. The company 
hosted a reception for its 
customers, who indude lots of 
City firms, at The Savoy last 
night and announced three 
major new clients. 

Saatchi & Saute hi, the 
advertising group, leapt 25p to 
630p, encouraged by weekend 
comment. Wight Collins fol- 
lowed suit and gained 15p to 
500p with WPP Group going 
up lOpto 625p. 


CO: No dividend for the year to 
April 30. (Figures in £000). 
Group turnover 9,870 (12.91 1), 
profit before tax and extraor- 
dinary items 144(111), earnings 
per share 0.94b (L17p). 

MENT TRUST: First interim 
dividend on preferred shares 
3.85p, payable on November 30. 
The directors expect to declare a 
second interim dividend of 
3.85p. payable on May 31. 

trust has completed the pur- 
chase of the freehold interest in 
14/22 Old Brampton Road and 
5 Harrington Road, London 
SW7, and the 50-year leasehold 
.interest in 2/12 Oki Brampton 
Road and 1-LQ Egenon Court, 
.London SW7. The consid- 
eration was satisfied by the issue 
of 3.6 million Hampton or- 
dinary shares 

rights to 559.795 convertible 
prefere n ce shares have been 
placed nil paid by de Zoete and 
Bevan and Foster and Braitb- 
wahe on behalf of Mrs M 

ment has been readied In prin- 
ciple for the acquisition by 
Breverieigh Investments from 
Mailer Estates of International 
Business Centres for £1.375 

dividend |.5p (1.4p) for six 
months to September 30 (figures 
m £000). Proposed one- tor-one 
capitalization. Total revenue 
9,721 (10^99), net revenue 
before tax 7.581 (S.092), earn- 
ings per share 250p (254p), net 
asset value of ordinary shares 
after deducting prior charges at 
par 268.6p (197.9p). 

• HENARA: Agreement haa 
been reacbedon terms of an 
offer to be made by a subsidiary 
of Warner-Lambert, valuing 
Henara at about £8.04 million. 
Warner-Lambert has obtained 
irrevocable undertakings to ac- 
cept from certain directors of 
Henara together holding 
6,051,013 ordinary shares (52.7 

The company has agreed with 
March, the tailor, for the pur- 
chase of its consumer credit 
business with balances of about 
£1.3 million and a base of more 
than 30.000 customers. It is also 
purchasing the ‘goodwill of 
March’s consumer credit busi- 
ness and the leases of four 
properties in Hull, Humberside, 
Rotherham, South Yorkshire, 
and Keighley and Wakefield in 
West Yorkshire. 

• LANCA: Six months to June 
30 (figures in £000). No interim 

million, to be satisfied by allot- dividend (nil). Turnover 2570 
mem of new ordinary shares in 0.757), operating profit 175.4 
Breverieigh. After the proposed (60.6), pretax profit 192.7 (824), 
acquisition Mailer will own profit attributable 101.9(49.4). 
about 67per cent of Breverieigh. • INTERNATIONAL IN- 

pany has completed the sale of JERSEY: Half-year to June 30 
hire purchase debtors of its (figures in £000). Investment 
subsidiary, Perry Group Fi- activities 84 (131). share of 
nance to Ford Motor Credit Co, results of REA Holdings loss 
for about £5 million cash. 308 (profit 74), share of results 

• HARGREAVES CROUP: of related companies 26 (nil) 
The aggregate number of Har- loss before tax 198 (profit 205), 
greaves shares for which accep- loss per share 24.8p (earnings 
tances of the increased offer and L6p). 

the new cash alternative have • JEFFERSON SMURF IT 
been received or which are GROUP: The board has ap- 
owned by Coalite amounts to proved a stock distribution 
19,743,813 shares (5437 per whereby the holders of common 
cent). The increased offer has stock and class B common stock 
been declared unconditional as will receive one additional share 
to acceptances. The new cash for each share held. The regular 
alternative will remain open for quarterly dividend was in* 
acceptance until November 16. creased from $0.05 to $0.06 a 

• EASTERN PRODUCE share, payable on December 2 
(HOLDINGS): Six months to A special year-end dividend of 
June 30 (figures in £000). In- $039, payable on December 22 
terim dividend 25p (same), has also been approved. 
Turnover 19,159 (20,208), • WILLIAM BOULTON GR- 
operating profit 2355 (2,873), OUP: Year to June 30 (figures 
profit on ordinary activities in £000). Turnover 7,860 
before tax 3,668. Earnings per (20357), trading profit before 
share: basic — net basis 19.1p exceptional costs 387 (433), loss 
(17.9p), nil basis I9.8p (I8.7pj: before tax 214 (1,182 loss), loss 
fully diluted — net baas l6-4p per share 0.6p (3p). 

•KALAMAZOO: The com- 
VENT*/ 8 ® pany is rationalizing its printing - 
CAPITAL: Half-year to June and equipment production op- 
7?; A l !£ rert receivable 4338 era tion which is spread over two 
(15.686), operating loss before sites - one at the group's 
tax 48,544 (29,926), operating Birmingham headquarters and 
loss after tax 48344 (33,124), the other at Kalamazoo-Gil- 
loss per share adjusted 0.52p berts, a subsidiary at Colindale, 
(0.37pX net asset value adjusted north London. The London site 
I7.4p (I8.7p). is to be dosed.' 


Livingston Development 
Corporation; Mr Janies Pol- 
lock has been appointed chief 
executive. He succeeds Mr 
James Wilson from April 
Pacific Tclesis Internat- 
ional: Mr Ross Brown be- 
comes president and chief 
executive, succeeding Mr 
Donald Sledge. 

Sharp Electronics (UK): Mr 
T loose has been appointed 
chairman. He succeeds Mr T 
Mhsoda who becomes chair- 
man, Sharp Electronics 
Corporation USA. 

RP Scherer Mr Staart 
Maconochie becomes deputy 
regional president, Europe. 
Mr Jorg Siefaert is appointed a 
managing director, RP Scher- 
er, West Germany. 

Howden Group: Mr EWM 
Johnsen has been made dep- 
uty managing director. 

Continental Illinois: Mr 
Platte Amstatz becomes vice 
president, international bank- 
ing department, London. Mr 
Roger Dance is appointed vice 
president, treasury a nd securi- 
ties department, London. 

Association for Payment 
Gearing Services (Apacsk Mr 
John Harris becomes chair- 
man of the council of Apacs 
from December 1 , succeeding 
Mr Denis Child. 

Barings: Mr Nicholas Bar- 
ing has been appointed deputy 
chairman. Mr Miles Rivett- 
Caraac becomes managing 
director. Baring Investment 
Manag ement (Holdings) and 
will succeed Mr Nicholas Bar- 
ing as chairman of the subsid- 
iary investment management 
companies Baring Investment 
Management, Baring Inter- 
national Investment Manage- 
ment, Baring Fund Managers 
and Baring Quantitative 




ABN 11.0ft 

Adam & Company. — 111)0% 

bcq ii.oo% 

Citibank Savings!. 12.45% 

Consohiated Cnls.._ _11.00% 

Conpenliw Bank 11.00% 

C. Hose & Co n.00% 

Hoag Kong & Shanghai 11.00% 

l Loyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 11.00% 

TSB 11.00% 

CMwik NA 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

player who is no 

in it for the money 


. ■*?. 

. - -*> • 

.. -i. 

- “ •> 

•- i : 



4 4 


career of Mr Robert Maxwell 
lay in ruins. Today he runs 
companies worth consid- 
erably more than £1 billion 
and publicly declares an am- 
bition to triple the size erf his 
empire. Yesterday’s £287 roil- 
{ 100 - bid for the automotive 
engineering group AE is the 
biggest and most spectacular 
Step in that direction. 

The rise and rise of Robert 
Maxwell is a remarkable chap, 
ter in the history of post-war 
British business; the feet that 
he has shrugged off so much 
personal criticism of his abra- 
sive style and aggressive meth- 
ods makes him a man to 
reckon with. 

Mr Maxwell has never been 
one to take no for an answer. 
Even when his fortunes were 
at their lowest ebb, after the 
feilnre of his bitter struggle for 
control, of the News of the 
Woridand after harsh criticsro 
by the Department of Trade, 
he talked always as though he 
would become top dog in the 

“When I have control of a 
national newspaper gr- 
oup — ”, he would say to 
friends during the 1970s when 
it appeared the most untikely 
thing in the worid. 

“I am the only man who can 
deal with the Fleet Street print 
unions,” he. asserted when 
they were at the height of their 
powers and when it seemed 



British In ternational 

Britannia Anew 17% 
Central TV TXS% 

Marcia Sound 10% 

With a £287m bid in the 

arena, the Maxwell 

style comes under scrutiny 

Former refugee 
with a talent 
for struggling 
out from under 

that any management which 
took them on was on a hiding 
to nothing. 

Mr Maxwell never made 
any seoet of his enormous 
ambition to build a publishing 
empire, even when he was 
persona non grata in foe City 
whose support was essential. 
A millionair e many times 
over, who declares his 
commitment to socialism and 

maintains extensive Hnla with 

Eastern Europe, he thrives on 
eyeball to eyeball 

He has never at any time 
looked in danger of becoming 

an establishment figure — not 
even as an MP, tub-tin 
on behalf of an *Tm 
Britain” campaign in support 
of - domestic manufecturing. 

But if there is one thing that 
foe 63-year-old former Czech 
refugee has demonstrated 
repeatedly, it is a drill for 
getting out from under. 

The web of interests under 
his direct control sow in- 
cludes a national newspaper 
company. Mirror Group 
Newspapers — and he did 
indeed show consummate 
skill in dealing with the print 
onions. Far from faring 
crashed fay foe DTI vezdict 
that he could not always be 
trusted to exercise proper 
stewardship of a public com- 
pany, he controls a couple and 
has share stakes in several 

His rescue of foe near- 
bankrupt British Printing 
Corporation was a Maxwell 
classic. A required a gambler’s 
belief that foe company could 
be rationalized in the face of 
furious opposition from foe 
unions and that an immensely 
profitable core would emerge 

tfa» (vtfa 

He snapped up almost 30 

per cent of BPC and when 
trading continued to deteri- 
orate, he put in v a further £8 
million in a make-or-break 
investment. It was a move 
that could be fairly described 
as going for broke, giving 
Maxwell almost 80 per cent or 
foe equity and with no-one 
rise to Name if the rescue 

Gty figures were 
persuaded that 
he was worth 
backing after aU 

faded after all 
Largely thanks to a personal 
ability to outface the nrinnt 
and win agreement on swinge- 
ing closures and job fosses 
together with a dealer's eye for 
the value of foe smphis prop- 
erty which resulted, he trans- 
formed BPC into one of the 
largest mid most successful 

'* [g rftnglnr m yatM in 

Hie BPC deal was pivotal, 
for it persuaded many City 
figures that Maxwell was 
worth backing after all, despite 
the strictures of the DTL 
When foe Pirn accepted BPC 

(now re-named British Print- 
ing and Communication 
Corporation) paper in an 
investment trust bid — eff- 
ectively a disguised rights 
issue — the rehabfflitatioD was 
well under way. 

A simitar pm much bigger 
deal . last September under- 
lined the feet that Mr Maxwell 
has come in from the cold. 

He bought the Philip H31 
Investment Trust for more 
than £350 million and liq- 
uidated the portfolio 
smoothly. Lots of the City’s 
big investment names were 
happy to accept BPCC paper. 
Along the way Mr MaxweO 
has picked up top drawer 
friends such as Morgan Gren- 
fell and Mr David Stevens, 
chairman of United 

As his -financial clout in- 
creased so he has shifted to 
overdrive his involvement in 
a string of deals. So far this 
year he has acquired a US 
publisher for $117 minion 
(£83.6 million), paid £13.5 
milHn n for British Airway’s 
helicopter interests, spent 
$153 million (£1093 mflUoii) 
on an American printing 
house, rescued the affing 
cranemaker Stotbert & Pitt 

and acquired the Grosveoor 
engmeexing group. 

He Iras designs on Extd, the 
financial and sporting 
information group, and has 
become deeply involved as a 
major stakeholder in the bid 
famte for McConquodate, foe 

banknote printer. 

Yesterday’s bid for the be- 
leagnered AE group showed 
Mr Maxwell _ putting bis 
money where his month is in 
pursuit of an aim to build the 
Hollis group (which he bought 
for £4 million in 1982) into a 
major engineering group with 
a high technology bias. 

The ambition of Mr Max- 
well could scarcely have come 
at a better moment for AE. 
which managed to fend off an 
attack from Turner & Newall 
by a whisker only to have foe 
Takeover Panel ay “foal” 
and, last week, allow a re- 
newed bid. 

To outriders, ft has all the 
hallmarks of another Maxwell 
trait, impetuosity, which is 
foe past has led turn to step in 
as saviour, sometimes wel- 
come sometimes not, for a 
string of companies and even 
football dubs like Oxford 
United. In this role, Mr Max- 
well has cast himself as white 
knight to the Edinburgh 
Commonwealth Games and 
even as a fond raiser for 
famine relief in Africa. 

In business terms he fat to 

The offer for AE 
shows him 
putting his money 
where his month is 

be seen these days as a big 
league player with the re- 
sources and the bravado to 
walk where angels fear to 
tread. There remains though 
foe mystery of what drives the 
man, who still inspires fear 
and apprehension more fre- 
quently than respect He 
refuses to disclose who con- 
trols his master company 
Perpmon through an un- 
breakable Liechtenstein trust 
What is certain is that he 
has long since passed the point 
where be is in u for the money. 

John Bell 

City Editor 


Boom in gilts turns on Poehl 

* i 

The authorities have been 
rapping with foe gifts marker 
in foe most unctuous way 
during foe past 
; afoot . 

First, foe market was of- 
fered stock which conld hardly 
&3 to evoke sweet memories. 
Treasury 10 per cent Convert- 
ible 1991. which wear an sale 
by tender last Wednesday, was 
crafted in arnch the same wss 
as Exchequer 10(4 per cent 
1989, foe wonder stack of end- 
1985, which led foe global 
bonds boom at foe begi nnin g 
of foe year. 

After an u n c e r ta i n start, 
retail demand developed for 
Treasury 10 per cent towards 
foe end of last week and foe 
stock traded up to a very 
treasonable premium. At one 
point yesterday, it was well 
over one point ahea d of foe 
nominal par price of £40 per 

Traders who tended 
are feeling wefl 
too are -foe 
authorities, who have suc- 
ceeded in conjuring £400 raft- 
lion oat of the market’s sticky 

Not content with this suc- 
cess, foe aafoorities.fon de- 
cided to play both ends against 
the middle on Friday by 
annonnciBg fresh taplets to foe 
order of £400 mflBou. This is 
very much old-style fending, 
with foe authorities selling 
directly into foe secondary 

But the net effect has been 
the same. Insatiable demand 
for Government stock has 
developed. The taplets had 
been sold by eariy yesterday 
morning. ■ - 

Not foe least reason tor this 
may have been the coded 
message contained to the 

meat of the coupons, taken hi 

items of toe antaritfes of the 
stocks describes a felting se- 
quence, a Unitto g which in 
the receaft past has fore- 
shadowed a drop fa base rates. 

The authorities appev to be 
Mating that base rates anty 
foil stoutly to wa r d s 10 per 
ceto, perhaps by tone half 
point at the stmt. “Wfaatfs aft 
foe trouble about, hoys,” foe 
OW Lady to drawfing, very 
Dietrich and azare-fidded. 
“Forget about oar tittle tifb 
recently. Came and spend yoor 
m o ney and enjoy ynnehes. 
Yon have nothing to fear~” - 

The authorities want the 
market to gloss over foe iB- 
tempered trading of October 
when foe Chancellor stead- 
fastly refused to allow base 
rates to rise by some two 

attractive stock 
by way of i ntiw a itog that foe 
crisis to over. Sterling has 
poshed ahead on the 

Oil prices may well now 
firm, with a' new Saudi 09 
Minister at the helm of Opec. 
Over-supply of credit in the 
money markets to steariffly 
puskmg period rates tower. 

fitter GergD at this Junc- 
ture, wagging a scaly fore- 

ferentes", he screams before 

vanishing back into Us Under- 
world pit — I: fear Greeks 
or, freely trans- 

topartto. Even a smallest 
would help to promote Stock 
Market buoy a ncy, a vital 
ingredient far an impressive 
piece of privatization. 

:But any strong, gilts rally 
which accompanies a base rate 
cot, in theory, robs holders of 
Government stock of the yield 
protection they require against 
rickety sterling, post British 
Gas. . . 

It shook! be pamted out Oat 
British credit policy has not 
changed a Jot m foe coarse of 
foe past few months. Rapid 
broad money growth is stiD 
capable of wreaking havoc on 

The speedi by foe Governor 
of foe Bank of England to 
Loughborough University eff- 
ectively reopened the entire 
question of broad 
targetry via fee 
Deiphiicafly-e xpresse d agnos- 
ticism aboat current poticy. 

Yet the whole question of 
the interplay between Govern-' 
mart and Central Bank can be 
analysed in a far broader 
context, after, foe Somite- 
Baker deal announced late last 
week. The cut to the Official 
Discount Sate to Japan looks 
like a quid pro yao to the US 
ahead of Congressional 

But foe c ommitme nt to 
honouring the c or ient ex- 
change rate of Yen 160 to foe 
dollar ought, over the longer 




Dover Treaty 
Prime Minister and 
Poehl, fremdent oi 

Traders with long memories 
will rtcafl that at the bright of 
fee latest sterling crisis, 

Poehl appeared to 
talked to a few people, and 
wrought cabs in tarbukat 
markets as if by megk. Later, 
the German central banker 
appeared to hint that he conld 



Significantly, the Germans 
have not cat theft rates to 
sympathy with foe Japanese, 
treating that move jrardy as a 
feature of a localized bilateral 
deal tevotvtog the US and 

Germany is sticking to her 
austere interpretation of 
monetary targetry as justifica- 
tion for not easing. This to 
tarn leaves foe British authori- 
ties to something of a quan- 
dary. They cannot continue to 
enjoy foe support *f foe 
Bundesbank to foreign ex- 
change markets while running 
an expansionary credit policy, 
part of which consists of 
expedient rate cutting; 

. Any gravitation by Britain 
into the German orbit may 
well be gradual. Over a period 
tf time, a mmc stable relation- 
ship between broad money 

Flotation of 
Is confirmed 

By Judith Hanttey 

Mr Stuart Lrpton, joint 
developer of schemes such as 
the £500 minimi Broadgate 
development at Liverpool 
Street station, London and 
Stockfey Pul, the 2.5 million 
sq ft business park near 
Heathrow Airport, is to bring 
bis private company Stanhope 
Securities to the market 
within the next few weeks. 
Conservative estimates put 
Stanhope's valne at more than 
£100 million. 

Stanhope revealed its plans, 
with its partner Rosehaugh, 
for the Spnalfidds Market site 
on the eastern edge of the Gty 
yesterday. The developers are 
bidding to bafld 750,000 sq ft 
of offices on the site. 


Dr Lawson’s pound 
is convalescing 

The pound, even if it is no longer the 
wimp of the currency world, hardly 
represents a picture of strength and 
vigour. But its painful climb from the 
depths has at least given the London 
markets something to latch on to. 

Yesterday, both gilts and equities 
gained ground, if a httle cautiously, as 
money market rates eased in response 
• to the pound’s rise. Gilts rose by up to 
half a point, and the FT 30-share 
index almost made it to 1,300. Three- 
month interbank rate now straddles. 
11 percent. 

The sterling index ended 03 up at 
68.7, having touched 69 is the 
morning. Against the mark, the pound 
dosed another 1.5 pfennigs up at 

Majority opinion is now that base 
rates can be held at 1 1 percent, thanks 
to the Japanese and the sew Saudi oil 
minister. The Big Bang may even 
have helped by giving market partici- 
pants something to worry about other 
than the direction of interest rates. 
And the optimism in the gilt market 
yesterday, according to John Shep- 
pard of Warburg Securities, arose 
from the fact that the fringes are now 
occupied by those who believe that 
the next move in rates will be 

Such talk is premature. Market 
opinion can change very rapidly — for 
example with a tod set of figures for 
the official reserves today — but the 
pressure, most decidedly, has eased. 

And this is rather important for Mr 
Lawson in the run-up to the election. 
In January, the crisis passed with a 
single one-point rise in base rates. 
Should the same thing happen again, 
the markets will begin to think that 
this is the norm. And that will be 
invaluable when political factors grip 
the pound. 

The Japanese discount rate cut, 
whether followed by a US move, has 
at least reminded the markets in 
London that interest rates can go 
down as well as up. A cut in rates in 
Britain probably requires a reduction 

by the Bundesbank — and this was 
swiftly ruled out last week. A month 
the Bank of Japan was just as 
in its rejection of lower rates, 
the prospect of oil prices at $18 or 
$20 a barrel has emerged with the 
replacement of Sheikh Yamani as 
Saudi Oil Minister by Sheikh Nazer. It 
may not come about but the possibil- 
ities help Mr Lawson out in two ways. 

The first is the direct impact upon 
sterling which is already showing 
itself. The second is the effect ou the 
Government's finances, which will 
come under dose scrutiny with the 
Treasury’s autumn statement, per- 
haps on Thursday next week. 

The public spending numbers are 
widely expected to be rather dodgy. 
The Chancellor has to present an 
unchanged public spending planning 
total of£144 billion for J 987-88 and 
there is a limit, probably £2.5 billion, 
on how small the reserve can be. 

The markets will be on the look out 
for creative accounting and helpful 
assumptions, even if autumn state- 
ments these days are stripped of much 
useful information. 

When this is lined up against the 
near certainty of pre-election tax cuts 
in the Budget next March, the 
computers of brokers' economists, 
like most other computers in the City 
just now, start to go haywire. 

But if oil prices are rising and if 
non-oil revenues continue strong, the 
sums start to look a little tidier. Pre- 
election spending and tax cuts might 
be achieved without the sort of post- 
election consequences which charac- 
terized the Howe-Lawson changeover 
in 1983. 

We are not yet out of the woods on 
base rates. It has been a while since we 
have had a winter without a sterling 
crisis. But perhaps the Chancellor has 
a vested interest in not letting 
complacency settle in too quickly. 

Alter all, foe mere avoidance of 
another rise in rates could be suf- 
ficient carrot for foe equity market 
readying itself for British G as. 

Sweetness and fight 

The stakes in foe battle between 
Ferruzzi and Tate & Lyle for control 
of British Sugar have been raised over 
foe past few months. 

Tate's £480 million offer last May 
for the whole of S & W Berisford,. 
owner of British Sugar, is now well 
below the going rate. Ferruzzi is 
offering about £400 million for 70 per 
cent of BS, putting a value of £570 
million on 100 per cent 
S&W Berisford, including its 
commodity trading interests, is val- 
ued at only £546 million on foe stock 
market Ferruzzi is clearly prepared to 
pay a generous price for its entry into 
the British sugar market 
Tate & Lyle may think Ferruzzi’s 
price a bit steep but it is not giving up 
foe fight Neil Shaw, chairman of 
Tate, pointed out yesterday that 
FerruzzTs impending deal is still 
subject to approval by foe Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission and then to 
approval by Berisford’s shareholders. 
Certainly Tate will still be there with 
an alternative when and if MMC 

clearance comes. 

It has been encouraged by a recent 
Gallup poll it commissioned among 
500 British sugar beet farmers. Given 

foe choice of Ferruzzi or Tate, those 
with a view voted 85 per cent for Tate 
and only 5 per cent for Ferruzzi. 

The battle for foe hearts and minds 
of foe formers has been waged by both 
sides in foe fields of East Anglia and 
foe Midlands for foe past two months. 
Whether the farmers’ opinion will 
have any effect on foe MMC is a moot 
point . 

Tate is clearly at a disadvantage, 
compared with Ferruzzi, when it 
comes to financial muscle. It has an 
outside chance that foe MMC will 
accept its argument that foe British 
sugar industry should speak with one 
national voice and that its potential 90 
per cent monopoly of the British 
market pales into insignificance com- 
pared with Femizzi's dominance in 
the European Economic Community 

However, foe betting is that either 
both will be allowed to bid < 

or both will 
be disallowed. If the MMC waves 
both on, there is still much to play for. 
Ephraim Margulies, Berisford’s chair- 
man, is nothing if not a trader. A deal 
with Ferruzzi this week is not nec- 
essarily a deal forever. 

snootMaDrisg chaps rooad at US credit policy, net least 

fee Bank. 

There are real reasons for 
met basting bite sous abeat 
curreat British gilt yields, even 
though retails are currently 
well are r 11 per cent The 
ateberftfes* principal oetfra- 

tion dofog Nowutr will be 

to easare foe saccessfel flota- 
tion of -British Gas. That to 
why foe base rate talk to so 

because' fee US has 
fonaaDy acknowledged that ft 
win not seek to trim its deficits 
via dollar devaluation. Ob this 
baas, foe Fed wffi not seek 
shortly to ease. Pro forma, k 
may tighten. 

B«t has an Anglo-German 
pact, rimflar to foe Nippon- 
IB agreement, been hatched 
through some form of secret 

may not insist on too 
ninth too soon, assuming 
Britain centimes to seek 
assistance for sterfing. 

Bat foe repartitiontog of foe 
world which seems to be 
taking place leaves gifts per- 
haps locked info a very narrow 

trading range, rather than 
poised .to enjoy an absoiate 
drop a retenw. 

Christopher Dhmi 


Thtisa -prices, are as. at 6.45pm 


Mflti Low ggngeg 

ted Otter Wf to** 






383 248 
174 128 
332 237 
469 308 

S90 429 
840 620 

443 318 EMCtem 
728 526 BWCma 
386 STT'aBOC 
289 170 Sorts 
80S 42t Br Aerospace 
706 5f£ & PaB&eom 
280 177’rBr Telecom 
210 38 atoft 


35S 238 
369 277 
198 142 
336 228 
704 409 
315 190 
438 216 
660 408 
954 701 
226 158 

308 312 
168 170. 
263 295 
.480 488 
450 495 
740 745 
435 437 

etO 02 

338 340 
293 234 
47S 475 
887 690 
190 192 
148 160 
292 294 
332 334 

Cstowy scmrappH 188 itt 

Com Unton “* r 

Com GckSettB 




aen Accident 

11 '« 756*3 fflUW 
458 323 o*nd Met 
11**721 SIS 'A 
964 720 GRE 
395 sss epw. 

ffX. 275 OinfMS 
BtfsUI moon . . 

628 633 ■ 
306 307 ! 
380 362 • 

578 582 
380 865 ■ 
171 174 , . . , 
853 as 
4A 442 ' 
10V10U V 
828 832 ’ 
24* 230 ;*• 
395 *37 ' 
203 2O4 - , 

. 1318 


. iai 

■ SSA 

- 87; 
_■ 92 
: 42 

... •; a*- 

•*2 - 383. 
43V • 

40 . 200 

+1 185 

+«i V -• 80:0- 
-O 425 
+7 - ITS 

-1 103 

*9 SJ7 





‘ -1 

. '+ 1 ..- 



'-1 ■ 
-1 1 










4 2 


181 796 

OS 3.700 
205 1300 
122 3000 
7.1 244 

158 227 

18.1 2pm 
8J 117 
128 282 
132 A400 
1O0 — , 


: 59 .112 8300 
S3 . 49 7,590 
23 -202 2,100 
29 182 3 2» 
49 22.1 1300 
At - 830 O, 

AS -189 6B0i 
38 103 1.700 
- ti 25,7 1/«« 

' 14 252 K0 
.49.21-4 458 

-&5 ; 109 0200 
21 179 13» 
J.1 T43 792 

29 139 . 819 
"A1. _■ 34.1 204 

79 -04 1,500 

*1 127. 809 

28 1&1 AUO 


Hp Lon Cwte"f 


-Md Otter Cfa*g» pane* 



P/E too 

Q23 403 Hawker Sfcttojr 
II 1 , 734 tap Cham M 
563 335 Jaguar 

Lwd Securities 
legal & ton 
Lonhro . 

Mirks & Scarcer 
Mi West 
Men* . 
Racak Bad 
ftecfc* Cataan 

957 783 flop! km 
428 344 6atobuy(J) 
148b 102 Sean ■ 

415 321 SWgwfck Gp 
970 853 She! 

1« to STC 
772 620 SWi Affiance 
» 80 TSB P/P 

420 265 Tesoo 
529 37< Thom SW 
349 248 TWrtgar House 
208 139 Trutfftotae Fora 
19b 13b Unflever 
2B9 216 Utd Biscute 

381 312 
346 276 
288 133 
484 293 
283 163 
231 183. 
589 417 
583 428 
578- 423 
248 182 
B42 718 
234 146 
900 605 
544 S46 
781 511 

432 -435 
518 517 
365 387 
331 333 
290 233 
423 425 
240 241 
197 198 
553 557 
530 S3S 







+ 1 ! 













































































































26 4 












19'e 13*1 

• 4 








2 89 
. 59 

9 « 











189 W900 

409 <20 

9-1 Ml 
889 811 

23.1 4® 

189 15900 
179 TO 
02 1900 
149 1900 
839 200 














Will you turn £500 of penny shares into 
£1,000 in just six weeks? 

At 9am on Wednesday 
11th ffebruary 1987 weTJ pre*e cm- 
duarvely, that it is still pobsOjIb to dochleyour money 
in joei mx weeks with our penny share eweepetaka 
to <*«fcr to <te thn wrtl ester yrar same is oar 
next Free Rriae Drm Hare details on how to enter 
the draw totes. 


Stew* nwl r > tr VwrfiAftn t«1far BMC tor BhnrtliB 
a rather inanairidoag looking news sheet which is 
seat, tv first class past, every Wednesday evening, 

Despite itt innoctmus appearance it is eagerly 
nsd anThoradsy morning handful of investors 

np and down the coontry; ... 

Some of these investors will be professional 
stockbrokers, heeds of todpstry an d ot h er leading 
finnnrial gtprtc. Ita c w a o n than they max control. 

ptbers wfll be small tov^t g ay 


Bl h ii | Ini, I |i llll i I faOO with 
s peculate. H 

What every 

lot what e®wy reader of Stockraarket 
/Viw /j A> n ri a l h.. in common is the desire todisaner 
what ia likely to happen on the stockmariu* that 
craning week. 

Blontly, they want tetarow which skarasare 

going to go or and which shares are going to crane 
down. And iter want to know why. 


is to have reliable advice and the ability to move tost, 
befcretteword getsaroond and paces roefcat. 

Ea Stodnertat Confidential we make baying 


30th APRIL- 15th OCTOBER 1980 

It V all very well knowteg wtat to tray— the 


fall “sea" record since 30th April 1986. 


13 lp 











Empire Stuns 

































| SuuiiieiBorn 

















21 Sp 






Roberta. Don gUs 











I Op 

















9* Op 


Good 8el*a oat 




SAU Stores 








i -S 



I bade 



1 state 
ms or 

I- re 


ie Of 

as fo 
risk a 

U * 

id ha 

(n c 
rt hi 
t zoo 




a fit 


e at 

All you need to do is enter our Free Prize Draw 


lywwtn.TOij’ll receive £600 to spendorinvestes 
We'd sugl 

i suggest that you invest it baqyoneof 

our "Hoi Tips” for that week. Because if you do, and 
your £500 of aha 

fahares aren’t worth £1,000 within sto 
weeks well make up the difference in cash. 

That’s ri ght, we' rr bo confident that M 
Ice hi sound we believe that &50Q will be worth 

advice 1 


Everyone ia wslconie to enter this FrsePrize 
Draw.No purchase isneceaeary. A Soil list ofPree Pria 
Draw winners and fiiii rules are available on receipt 
of am* Winners’ naorea are published in SMC. 
The closing date of the draw is 3 tot December 1986. 


Of coursa, share prices can go down, as wall as 
up> But we don't vrent yon to risk a penny of your own 
r unti] you’re convinced thatyou wfll make a 
ly acting on our advice. 

So if you return the completed delayed action 

dinet dd»t below, we’ll rash you the next ten issues 
of SMC absolutely free This way you can profit from 
our experts' valuable advice ibr ten whole weeks et 
no cost to yourself. 

lfyoudecida nrt tocontbne with SMC, thenjnst 
write to ourrobsOT prion department and cancel your 
direct debit before the payment data. 

Your auhaeription wil) be paid automatically fa 
diraet debit at the current prk9oT£36 per quarter. IT 
this price rtunild change we will give yon six weeks 
advance warning. 


Thor ten week free trial has do risk, so complete 
the coapiBt today— you don't need a stamp. 


of aD, suggest ooe or 

will besentky 1st 
C. If yon don tact an 

more “Hot Tips" for 
Eeeb Wednesday 
dassmail ymr latest issoe. 
our “Hot Tips'" . 

SUC euheoviera will 

TfeaTl dae o wr that very often the best 
i musunm ts art the ‘-penny shares". . .Pmotter 
jimwiwi which rocketed tea I5pto63p. . .Bynn 
Botelsfrom8pto2Sp. . ,HollisBra.fram9pto77p. 
jnst three " " r 

“Pen*iy ‘ 


Kachwedr the editor of SMC chairsa private 
meeting oftheSSC Board of ftdvisiira.’Ibgrtiierthese 
finaaoai apedaiisopool information, validate 
miwn and dtoam the latest Citvwhispwa At the 
end of the meeting they will base cboaen the three 
hottest tips and doodad wb^heror cot toaeflefaeree 


As ve\t already explained, itiaiwMeto 
douWeyonr money hyiavestangtheprize; if yt» win, 
in penny shares. 



9uMfcanlW«vwe»H4. ftwn*r*dQino>:57«j Hwila«r£in«. 




FREEPOStRomfori, EerezRMS IBR . 


Please send me my FREE 


CYVml Buhsoit»Ts «jJyi 


Please enter me in fee£Z.OT0 








Wfc guarantee that none of these tip* will be 
leaked hy the SUC EditnriaJ Board, or published, 
except in SMC. 

HI deride totobaeribel win pay the 
current priceaf juat£88aquaiterfay 
direct dabiL 

DfflKTDEBmW MANDATE LISb iothortarTOU ustilfurthw 
nonce is wriuns tochwgeto «ny*or acovont 1 with yon three 
apeeified wnounu^ wind may be debited tfaento « the instance 
j ltenito llkMtatelteMhftWtoifc 
Benkenwy doriiaeuwtiiicoeniMicMrgBdliwtdehiMtaewtalB 

L SMY8E2 Beitona d»«reiBtoiicaamlticMatgBdHfWtdehiMtaew«alB ■ 

typearfoctoupt other rhttccurretitacamnta I. 

I t 

block and program 
trading for UK. 


specialised investment 
services for 
pension funds. 

Big Bang is the sound of change Not the least being the ways 
British shares are bought and sold 

We have a long history of providing investors with high- 
quality sales, trading and research coverage Through our new 
member firm on the London Stock Exchange, we look forward 
to offering more of our skills in London. 

Indeed, we've already started Were at home- with the new 
dual capacity system because that's how we've operated for years. 
All of our skills, all under one roof, ?ll working together to serve 
our clients. 

VffeVe been serving British business in London for nearly 
20 years. Shouldn't we be discussing British equities with you? 

"Jointly compiled by the financial Times, Coldman, Sachs & Co and Wood Mackenzie & Co Ltd 
in conjunction widi the Institute of Actuaries and the Faculty of Actuaries - - 

Goldman Sachs International Corp. 

and Goldman Sachs 
Equity Securities (U.K.), Limited 

(Member of The Stock Exchange) 

5 Old Bailey London EC4 

London New \brk TbJsyo Zurich Hong JCorig . - 




recent issues 

( tempus 

Little to go for in 
Associated British 
Foods’ shares 

It is not every day that you m 
can buy a food company for oJ 
less than half the going rate, in 
Yet that is ail the market is ai 

I lug to pay for Associated gi 
ish Foods. fe 

tripping out cash and fii 
rsimenis of 200p from the 01 
re price of 293p, the food 
ipanies, which are capable hi 
anting more than £110 cs 
lion before tax, are valued sc 
mly 93p a share, implying d 
after tax multiple of just l 
t 5 (assuming a 35 per b 
t tax charge). 

lBFs milling and baking c 
; comprises roughly half n 
business worldwide, and tl 
i has been flat so for this c 
it. However, the other half 1 
the myriad of small com- i 
lies involved in yeast, f 
rch, canning, ice-cream i 
d other activities— have all i 
jwn big improvments, the c 
ult of a heavy investment t 
igramme in the past five t 

Thus the group was able to < 
jort interun profits, before I 
vestment income, up by 22 i 
r cent to £42. 1 million on 
mover up 10 per cent to £1 
Dion for the six months to 
member 27. 

Ever since the 1983 dis- 
jsal of Premier, which gave 
its initial Cash bump of 
>00 million, the company 
is been seeking a major 
jquisition. Since 1983, _ far 
ora making an acquisition, 
has made another major 
lie — Fine Fare. 

This took its cash and 
nvestmenis up to a 
lountainous £800 million, 
quivalent to two-thirds of its 
lock market value. 

Were it not for the met that 
'l per cent of the shares are 
ontrolled by the chainnan, 
dr Garry Weston and his 
amily, ABF would have been 
aken over long ago. 

The message from the mar- 
ket is clear. Those who want 
to invest in food companies 
will pay the going rate of 
around 13 times prospective 
earnings, and those who want 
something a tittle less risky 
than equities will buy gilts. 

ABF is not enough of a 
food company and not at all 
an investment company and, 
in the absence of some strate- 
gic direction, the shares are 
likely to remain cheap. 

market in supplying drawing 
office equipment and a copy- 
ing service to draughtsmen, 
architects, consulting en- 
gineers and other pro- 
fessionals which many would 
find too expensive to operate 
on their own. 

The spread of the business 
helps to minimize damage 

caused by setbacks in any one 

sector and, indeed, die run- 
down in oil activity has left 
UDO’s operation in Scotland 
bruised but not battered 
There was an £800,000 
contribution in the latest 12 
months from Sime Malioch, 
the Scottish reprographics 

company acquired in April 
1985, but there has been firm 
underlying organic growth 
from squeezing more earn- 
ings out of the existing net- 
work of 40 offices around the 
country. Since the year end 
there Iras been further expan- 
sion of the branches. 

Mr Robert Race of brokere 
Chariton Seal Dimmock is 
looking for profits before tax 
of around £3.5 million. 


Owing Banks'll 
Finance House 11 

DiKonntttailtm Loans* 

IranStOft jjj j Iffit 

3mrtb 10“w SmnSi 

3 m n m mrth lOft-IOft 


3-mnth 1t»u 6mnlh 1154 

SSnSwtcuen lOftatasaiO 

, weak fOft-IOft Bmmft H'»-1Q rt » 

1 mnm UTw-lOft Smnth 

3 mrtfi IVwlO*** IZmth lO^vlOSfc 

Local Authority Oepwa»rft)_ 

2 day? 10 ft 7te*s 10 ft 

S lo* iS 10ft 



7 flays 5"wSft 

2 rrvsh iift-ll 
3 m 5 i iift-il Biimn iifc-il 
ginnA J1X-11 1151-11 

3ranm 11-1054 

6 mnth 11-10* 12 mth 1054-10* 

ImSfSSS 1 * 3m«rtJ 5-B0-5-75 
6 mnm 5-B35JS 12(Mh 535-5.90 

ABnd Lyons 

Cons Gold 




Com Union 

Jen *or 

27 37 
11 IB 
214 9 

102 tan 

67 82 

32 45 

114 13S 
80 97 

52 70 

53 85 

35 48 
21 32 

B — 

Cable & Wire 



Land Sec 

S^^“ months “ Instruments 

Ever since the 1983 dis- its ^ QTi fife as a quoted 

real of Premier, which gave Oxford Instru- 

its initial cash bump of smiinerits has experienced a 
>00 million, the company 0 faty moods, 

is been seeking a major Analysts shunned it when 
iquisition. Since 1983, tar ^ to the market in 

ora making an acquisition, October 1983. But excellent 
has made another major Testi [ ls drewattention. 
lie — Fine Fare. Now considered a glamour 

This took its cash and gtoct yeaenjay’s results, up 
ivestments up to a by a mere 28 per cent, did ran 
lountainous £800 million, ^ -^jj to prevent the 

quivalent to two-thirds of its Glares felting by 12 per cent 

lock market value. Diagnostic imaging, which 

Were it not for the feet that grunts for just under half of 
1 per cent of the shares are ^ business, is growing at 25 
ontrolled by the chairman, _ a year. Although in 
dr Garry Weston and his lioe with the group’s es- 
amily, ABF would have been tiniBte ^ this is betow some 
aken over long ago. forecasts. 

The message from the mar- Magnets still account for 
cet is clear. Those who want WQ thirds of the business. 
:o invest in food companies However, the group is 
will pay the going rate ot developing product* which 
iround 13 times prospective ^^11 enlarge the market* 

earnings, and those who want The low cost compact mag- 

something a tittle less risky ^ and the selfchield magnet 
than equities will buy gilts. ^ be launched next mouth 
ABF is not enough of a m ^ ^ products, 
food company and not at ml A prototype high field 
an investment company and, gj^ngth 600mHz magnet 
in the absence of some strate- nQW being produced has 
gic direction, the shares are gales potential 

likely to remain cheap. jn ^ field of scientific 

TmA instrumentation, the 

UDO development of a comp act 

Wheo~UDO HoldiW - 
I which started life in 19l9_as 

Maries S Span 

Shell Trans 

45 60 

28 42 

13 28 

5 — 

19 28 

8 16 
2% 5ft 

83 35 
65 72 

42 52 

18 33 
177 190 
132 145 
90 107 
57 77 

38 47 
IE 28 
7 12 

24 32 

3 *1 
3 10 

10| 127 
68 90 
35 80 

- 6 
SB 15 
63 35 
— 12 
110 20 
82 42 

~~z. r 

56 4 

41 10 

— 25 

— 3 

39 11 

a 22 
* if 

— 25 

— 47 

Tiatotaar House 

7 cays 4fc»4ft 
French Fiww 

7 cays 7 W -754 
: 3 mmh 754 - 7 * 

SW* Franc 
7 days 1*-* 
3mntti 3*i+3 a "’ 

7 days 4«-4K 

cafl 6v5ft 

1 mirth 5 *ie/’ 3 ifl 
fiiranh 5 

can &-4 

llWKB 4Kr4% 

Bflimn I'M*.! 
caa 75rGi 

1 mnth 7*it-7 r, « 

C3B 19-17 

1 mnth 
6 mnth 4-3’*. 


1 mnm 

fimnch 4 ,, *4*w 

GcUSKfi -50-406.00 
KiuewTBwr ipeiSEl 
Soverapw' Inewl; __ 
S 95^9650 (ES750 

S 572-25 (E405JX) ) 

FixM Rate Sterling Export FhianM 
Scfleme r t Awwage rateranca rate tor 
tmwesr senoa OaoMf B. 19g» » 
Oeabar 31. iSBS oduswe: 11237 PW 


Anglia Sacs (115« 
ADptayard (125PJ 


Baker Harris Sndr ffTOP) 
Berry 3lrcnAJfobte(115p) 
Blenheim Exnm (95p) 
Crtygrove (i00p) 
Creighton Ltt* OMp) 

Euro Home (iMp) 

Great Southern Ji3Sp) 
Guthrie Coro (150p) 
Hamson (I50p)__ . 
Hughes Food {20pl 
interlink Express (I85p) 

Local Lon Gp „ , 
Martborough TedUIIOPJ 
Mecca Lecsura (I35p) 
Miaer & Santhouw (105P) 
Newage Trans f75p» 
RadartHC Gp (SOpJ 
Rotunda (»P) 
flyman (11 Op) 

Sect Mine 100% *25 
TS^Gt&P (IMP) 


Trees 10% cSI *9650 



255 +5 
154 +'i 
S3 +1 




299 +1 
£41 1 it +*« 
165 +1 

161 +1 


M k 44 52 4 6 ID 

I 30 38 1! 17 3 

SS 10 17 27 23 27 3l_ 

"“S 5 13 15 3 5 6 

S 4H 7 9 flfc 11 12 

t” 1% 3W - 16 IB 1 * - 



Blue Code 

De Beers 

— 5 

— 8 

135 17 

100 38 

56 4 

37 52 

— 31 

40 3 

25 10 

12 25 

147 6 

115 20 

78 43 

11 — 
20 — 
32 40 

55 58 

7 10 

15 21 
32 — 

6 8 
12 15 

26 27 

22 30 

37 50 

65 80 

Dec Mar . 

88 97 
57 67 

33 52 

15 30 

35 44 

IB 27 
S'A 17 

24 36 
— 24 

9 — 

110 120 
63 7B 
2B 50 

73 86 
42 55 

16 33 


50 95 

30 63 

15 40 

68 76" 

38 48 

17 30 

20 31 
11 21 
4 12 

2 6 
78 112 
42 85 

24 64 

13 42 

Jan Pec » 
- 2 
82 5 

60 10 

— 33 

52 1 

37 5 

24 15 

43 6 

32 - 

— 19 

135 3 

i J 
i £ 

45 55 

— 20" 

105 £ 
83 80 

— 120 

~ r 

68 5 

48 14 

39 9 

29 20 

! 77 32 

i ~ 52 

1 142 18 

i 114 <0 

l 94 74 

t _ 115 

Mr Jun 

3 - 

Them EMI 


8 12, 
20 25 

7 13 

17 30 
40 50 

17 23 

33 40 

B0 65 

45 — 

70 90 

100 125 
135 — 

38 50 

GO 75 
90 100 
125 — 

Series Pec Me# 

5» 38 S5 76 

550 15 27 48 

BOO 4 17 

£20 57 67 77 

ABO 25 42 54 

500 11 27 34 

SO 2 9 

330 g - — 

360 53 ™ — 

390 Z7 « 60 

420 13 25 35_ 


Pee iter Jun 
18 30 35 

47 52 55 
87 80 - 

3 8 13 

17 20 25 

40 45 48 

90 93 - 

3 8 — 

7 15 22 

24 32 36 

Midland Bank 


Brs Aero 

BAT Intis 

sgw Kw F* a»f tor Ml my 
420 58 78 85 J • “ 

460 22 48 60 6 IS Z= 

500 B 2S 40 32 38 45_ 

vaal Reels 

57 75 85 2 



j 'i ■ a 

18 28 36 3 

4 14 22 11 

IV. 7 12 

95 1« l 

45 77 95 B 

18 47 62 » 

5 — 70 

7 II 14H 4 

li 6 9 107. 

£ 3 S« 197* 

8 Vi 10K 

1314 16 

22 23ft 

- ft 
107 1 

82 2 
49 9 

70 3 

42 20 

23 65 

ig «g *$ 38* -i i » 

200 12 18 23ft 6 9ft 14ft 

Bn Telecom 


Ga^ury Schwpps 




Imperial Gr 
1 * 392 ) 



113 IS 
83 96 
S3 73 
16 37 

35 60 

9 30 

IV. 11 

15 22 

2 10 
ft 3ft 

300 105 - - 1 

330 75 — - \ 

am 45 - — L 

loo 2® 57 62 1ft 

360 14 32 42 7 

390 2 13 25 27 

TlO 25 » 37 T 

120 18 » 3g 3 

q IS 22 7 

S«rtea Ha* ««er Jua No v MW 

200 42 49 52 1ft Z J 

218 24 - - % " 

S 2 ■= 9 r. = S 

255 3 — 18 — 

seriee Fab Hey wav fee May 

sar igjTiliiiji 

Tr 1111% 03/07 1« 3 ti ’4 

?14 ** l'» « 

116 ‘n ’*«• 1ft 6ft 7ft 7% 

~* 1 HQBDacJenFehWow DacienS 

ig 3 ,r» iso - f « E 

S 1 | | | 1 1 1 S 

3 1 1 " = 1 i " = 

which stanea me m amheation and complements 


—moved up .fro® J- tions and its new acquisition, 
Hst^.&cuntiwM^ ® Plasma Technology. 

foil listing in May it was 
signalling a determination to 
step up the pace of develop- 
ment. Its supporters have no 
reason to be disappointed. 

Full year results yesterday 
show pretax profits up from 
£1.5 million to £2.7 million, 
better than many bad ra- 
pecied, on turnover ot almost 
£21 million compare d wit h 
£12.6 million. Not surpris- 
ingly, the shares rose 8p to 
160p on the news. 

1IDO has cornered a rnene 

RratDeeBnge LralDuxJno* 

Oct 20 


UVlw — “ 

plasma Technology. 

The rating on a conser- 
vative current year estimate 

of £21 milli on is 16.2 times. 

Given the potential of new 
products and the groups 
back record, this is not 
demanding. However, the 
cautious should keep an e ye 
on the Japanese venture - 
which is disappointingly stow 
- and the extent to which 
customers are prefering to 
manufacture magnets 



■ity ft Ganeral. Tceer 

Sotflfwm Restwces. 

Put Amsttad . R%j* ^5SLw. 

Put & Cafc S ycawcra HoMng& 

ThiM Month Stacfing \ 

Mar 87 5 

Jun 87 — — 

Sep 57 


Umr Oft * 

? 2 M'l^3E nWW 


” ; 

jun B7 — i 

US^ress^Boirt , 

Dec 85 ; 


Jun 87 ... ~~~ 


Dec BS — — 


jun 87 


Mar 1 




Mar 87 ... ' ** 

IM, low Ctara &tvet 
mS S&90 sas< ®75 

mm 472 

2H| K 8155 147 

■nan M 8945 5 

S-2S Sw 89-18 10 

m00 88-95 35 


y | 

raS 83-64 

ss «• .a s 


111-25 111 

111-2S Ht 

a day^s total openJjf^J^ 6 
111-OS 111-10 Ip 46 

111-lfi 111-14- 36 

168-30 16830 1B855 a 


Msfcot ratal U*^* 1 **** 

SS wssjg •&: 

gir b» HE 

sSSjasiffl wSUSi suss” 


{srBsn BKh B 

Mtfrn inSS-106395 MHftd» 

1 0 . 6 ^ 1 0 -STO 0 2 %- 2 ftprem 7ft-6%pram 




9S66-2X450 - 

wm— _ 

DOtlJ ” SP0T ^ 

i i i i ii' hnfamri — 1-31“? I 

Jsssas^gW fe 

Bahrain <tt®r 0 ^.78-1031 AustraHa — . 

Brazd cruzado 073003.7400 Canada 

Cyprus pound— — 70660-7.1060 Sweden — ~ 

FWand maria - — — — 'jjKJfiiao to Norway,— 


Greece dradjg- JM 09 - 1 1-0196 DMup^k--.- — 

mwgKcma do tty — l^iais-iaK - 

mdiarupee n/a SetoTOM- — 

Iraq *»er n 4145^-4165 NOhfirtanos 

ssaas-r— tastis 


aSySriB wld 1^53165 



— t 

__ 2.1988-2. IfflB 





— 7.7875-7.79® 








^ 73080-730® 


_ 13840-13830 

Detailed brochure on application 


Green Shield Trading Stamp Co. Ltd 

21 Knightsbridge, London S.W.i 







Btd Offer Ctmg 

5*"*5ggre f£. SaumHOtfi 8HBIAL 

©« 717J73 (UnUm) 

uxla iiue -aiiaS4 

Ehd Offer Cmg YM 

00 Mn 1SU 3Ut 42 &10 
GMuinm actd 0.1 ns -oa 02 s 

Octane 773 B1.8 -0.1 US 

MB Mr HB ta» 1S7.+ M&la *33 OX 
feEMTH Mcun 105-7 1702a *7-3 040 

EOT TO Anna 1002 iron fid fiir 

bhs Offer CWg 

oh Offer cure ,1V 

EM Offer Qna YW 

EM Offer' pug vfe 

2342 «84e +a* OSO 

Mbpm. Lonctan WC1V SPY 

C8 Jotot Had 

00.7 BU +4.7 02$ 

ffoe unit eufuacnair 
VlMuMwr »•. London *C*R QB4 
01403 4690 

us Saar COM 742 700$ +22 020 
capon rm mm naaa +23 aai 

fecona Fan) 733 3i2a +u 443 

Far Eutara Food 748 790 +41 US 

Oa ra aaa Income 7SJ 610 +1-0 442 

Haas wanit 084 oo.i +ai 820 

Man) M AM 433 914 +011 330 

European loome 047 002 -02 3X1 

Aaneak FWd 473 013 .. 831 


1D0.W« Qforga Si. Before « 3PA 
041-332 3132 

Ba frn oafl Oft fee 434 482a -Ofl 140 

DO Mon 443 472a -Ofl .. 

Income OR fee 40.1 42? -53 300 

Da Accaa 423 447 -02 .. 

Senfce Ctfi toe SU 932a +04 lOo 

Do fleam SOS 592a +03 .. 


wanaia>. hop owe 

W* Ttarfdoe. TM8 
0732 381144 

Nodi American 

3802 3023 +0.1 239 

3337 366.1 +72 BJ3B 

2205 S12 +93 OSS 

1042 1032 +72 050 

52.3 313 +12 042 

5B.8 5B2a +1.1 127 
507 002a +07 020 

2782 JHMJTg +40 52i 
301.1 3204 +10.1 OB8- 

095 WOflc +021130 

+03 tun 
+12 480 
+32 OBS 
+0J 074 

-o.i ooa 

+04 3JM 
-0.1 030 
-02 4B2 
+22 .. 
+72 .. 
+22 021 
+02 532 
+03 242 
+12 018 
+43 078 

Marten Dam 23043 37020 +070 128 
Japan Easmpi B4104 4103 -1728 UB 
to Proparty Tw *100002 • .. 520 

Ftnparqr Thw . E2BZUJ • 530 

tosr Sps*S SHa 584 
MMa . 283 

Eiwsan 43J 

FETSeltao BU 

0(9 FtoartM au 
BM> & tame B 2 S 
Japan Spadai Sto 3M 
Japan 13U 

bunged tat 1302 
M*GmEn 7M 

Pro Ata a i onei t£ti 31 . t 
S ou*) Eaat Ma 402 
Spedrt Sea 102 

ai. Street, unkn ECZV sop 
I SB 002 582 +12 024 

smsT"* 9 *- 


UK tatona <77 510 *03 447 


CO DM 460 S0.1 +U8 143 

Oman ftaatoi 664 BU -as 1 JS 

Padfc Smrtl 5L4 954 + 1 S .. 

SfciSfttS" 1 

Amarican Raid 
CapMal Furt 
GroMtl A fee Rnl 
Htah Oat RaM 
Hamatknai Fund : 
Raaaurcaa Raid 

Tokyo Pund 

732 777c 
003 1990 
12B3 1382 
1082 112.7c 
2049 2102 
211 207 
337 ass 
1592 1853 
1402 1503a 
mo 1009 
3000 3119 
1873 2022a 
202 802 

401 219 
-OS 120 
+17 488 
-IS 190 
+21 123 
+2.1 027 
-OS .. 

+S 2 on 

+22 238 
433 019 
+23 031 
-08 OTO 
.. 350 

02(2 52181 1 

UK Hand too 702 745 +14 228 

DO Acctan 713 702 +13 220 

UK -jraadi Aeon 072 028. +12 123 

UK Mrt> toe IK 872 722a +13 523 

N Americai Acorn 083 743 +23 124 

H Eastern Acres KB4 108.1 442 020 

Ewnaan Acorn 873 82 2 -03 1.10 

UK 8*4 H too 814 545 +11 

Do Accra 532 H2 +02 

bn> Qth he 
CO Accra . 


□o Acam 

1408 1*95 
1207 1372 
1552 MBL1 
822 582 

ms tns 

1213 1287 

+35 1.17 
+04 143 
+02 143 
+04 328 
+23 230 
+23 220 

I2«JS 1322 +44 321 

2B97 mxm +03 m 
2104 2242* -82 128 



712 702 
553 503 

303 303 
717 812 






Onpcn An. Bern the 

beam Fond 404 4494 +48 941 

UaraMtand 9 an 292 2882 +27 122 

I30AL « «HL om nnr 


EqOTy DMOaflon 202 2047 +41 240 

DoACOHS 4232 4502 +8L7 243 

Do bosom 003 mi +ms.» 

Bran 717 805 - 0.1 i.i 2 

FvStom 1114 IIIM +33 (UB 

GBtltaM 707 743a .. 771 

ffaoas EqiJIy 0*2 902 +17 022 

Nacoai 5a 713 TIM +12 122 

N Anmdoan M 022 au +33 138 

UK Hartal 8 8a au 090 +07 132 

bnemaane Bond 472 noo .. 720 

Japanan TSI 472 502 .. 120 

Hanagad TO 472 002 .. 920 

Makma Dpt O afeg n y S aa. woman, W 

» SMbtae LM Union EC*P 40U 

HC tonona 
NC Japan 

+0.1 428 
+40 021 

737 793 

mo ms 
1112 1182 
502 92 
1802 1440 
714 752 
942 1003 
09.1 734 

+04 901 
7 jest 
+07 538 
.. 833 
+42 048 
+22 09 
+82 021 
+14 220 

M Amarican Unto 714 752 +20 on 

Fa- He Unto 942 1003 +80 020 

am M ar can find >9.1 734 +14 220 

MHDtoiMmMsr _ 

IHvn Hao. 262. Ho rto n) Rd. E7 
01-234 55*4 

Maneac 1320 1402* +12 473 

NC Mrtor UK CO 803 SXfla +13 1 -OS 
NCGB&arAui 032 072 +12 142 

NC Amarican OK 2833 3013 +02 1.10 
Do Aeon 8083 3282 +82 1.18 

NC Sorter Coe 1402 1492a 422 128 
NC9n»Baq>Ctff 1907 202 fl -03 036 

NC Exempt 3t 21172 1220a .. 830 
rowan iflHmnor • _ 

33 KtoO WHan BMML tflnden BC4R BAB 

Amattodt M 22U 23228 +73 122 

Seaman B) B>32 7002 445 224 

Mgtl YWd n 7742 1772 +02 IN 

mBm n «32 *302 +192 2.18 

FM InfeCMt 1572 1032 . . 221 

Hon knmaat raj) 1190 a +021324 

For East (Q 2102 2229 492 025 

Nm HU FtoM. Uarpeoi LOB 3NB 
051427 44a 

Eator-|>M >02 842a +02 222 

MPTnari 711 002 +14 141 

GM That 242 311 .. 901 

US Ihat ■ 341 2SM +OM 127 

PaoHc BaMi TO 442 49M 403 040 

» CMaai 8t London EC2 
01220 0311 

But* Dto H23 T182 +02 1.19 

DnAaxan ISB7 ism 4021.19 

HWi toeonw That 095 SUM +13 467 
Dd Aoobi 1043 1104a +17 459 

USORMA '002-032 +92 080 

DoAcoom 0L2 849 428 020 

final London Houai Ootomaiar COI IRA 
0200 510110 

Amirieu OraaiOi 017 823 +94 D21 

MM tan 1734 1040 493 230 

Da tame . 112 542a .. 848 

Htfl Ram 772 au +12 427 



beam AQnmtti 
Jtqmn Oamo 

00.7 823 +94 DM 

1794 1042 493 230 

512 34M .. 248 

772 8U +12 427 
892 HK4# +17 430 
911 912a +12 <un 
mo moa +92 131 


21 Waatorn fkL Homtonl ran OLB 
(Heaton CfO B OBOOB .- 


498 484c 401 970 
303 37 Ja +OB 140 
383 392 +12 078 

334 354 +14 220 

443 «2 +12 020 

903 3Utm 402 230 

The prices ra this 
section refer to 
Friday’s trading 

• Ex dfvifttno- c Cum (Mdsnd. k Cum 
stock spft. 9 Ex stock spfct m Cum al 
(any iwo or; more of abo+oE ■ Ex aU (an» 
two or more of above). Daafing or 

4th Timday of 


Isst Thursday of rncmth.f^ 3rd woriiaig 
day of month. (30) I 6 U 1 of montfi. (3i)i9t 
working day of month. (32) ZOBi of mootn. 
(33) IN day of February. May. August I 

M La at "y uir 

of monfti. 

Wednesday of month. 

'Wednesday of month. ( 
monthly. (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
account (42) Last day ol 
2nd ond 4th Wednesday of 
Quarterly. (45) 6th of month 
esday of month. 


15 §4A 9 M to 

« 43 ATASOTOtoi 
59 33 AOmUlSIHw 

143 45 Accatf Stotot 

? U SSh 

22 10 'iAenn town 

2ta 152 AoMa Sacara Hag 
171 S3 Mr 
'its nApdaw 

355 isa AooiCmm 
ran to* j wa 
620 4*3 A*ny 

40 16 »!30C ENTB) 

:<U 155 ASC 

ill i22 Mb Heart 

95 61 Ann u m* 

to sr Bse Otar 

41 3B BCE 

22fl 185 Bf+ 

SS 60 BTS &JJ 
123 58 Bad?* (Man) 

28 12 Bran k Fodom 
53 Si Bam Cass 
irv 77>8atahy ttSj 
01 2B Bofeta* E« 

■OS 122 BniySmli Hutto 
30 « Begin 

4* 39 aprt 

135 a fixtodi 
U 1 116 Biaarn B*B 
271 m BMMTWI 

'$ ^ ESSto 


UC re HnoawSac 
250 155 Br BbodriBCfe 
9 9 Brttad 
9 4* gam) Si 

100 125 CUL Mon 
36 5VCPS CBnp 
*2 25 CPU Cm* 

185 130 cm 

320 85 CtMaMfe 00 



h R 04 07 125 

D B 41 91 94 ISO 

m ns 34 20 177 

45 SO 17a 34 1U 

... ..42 .. .. 

42 44 .. .. .. M 

is ® +2 .. .. sag 

14 17 24 

>7 SB -9 77 99 .. 

283 275 +15 04 32 152 

an jus 29 i.i 204 

M7 111 +1 

IB IB ... *4 14 147 

— 3 -I sr 

KJ3 St QanTVMl 
1*3 75 Cato 
73 43 00E Tab 

w n 

81 03 ton 

? 1 SS Mm 

*n 3u Sua 


% % Eflfii 


Wi mb Fa?Bnw 

2B3 2S5 +2 

9W 31$ -2 

IBS 100 -1 

550 MB .. 
91 to .. 
182 172 a . . 
138 143 +1 

85 SO 
to 00 

£ S ■* 

70 00 
93 00 +1 

I 25 20 a->t 

45 50 
W. IS 1 / 

« ® +I 
t 120 121 ... 

21 23 +2 

31 33 -1 

40 *1 
1M 120 a . 
125 130 .-3 

SB 250 
is 135 

i> 21 a .. 
too ras +2 

105 205 

im is a . . 

165 ITS 
51 57 

« so 

zra as to" 
JUP I8Z +4 
270 230 +2 

V. 3 +'i 

87 52 a .. 

130 1*0 
5>. B*j 

a jo 
VM raj a .. 

B * •: 

178 118 +4 

12B 131 +3 

180 IBS -a 
1^ 130 +2 

2B 2*2 
W 11 +'« 

10E - 

35 38 +2 

680 650 *3 

77 K 44 
153 136 

24'* a -'i 
43 to +4 

an - 

£ S :: 

73 77 -1 

130 155 

40 44 

is is +2 

4* 48 

MO ISO a+2 
108 112 a . . 
as ion 

*io *to +15 

*8 53 .. 

101 MB -2 

ud ras 

73 77 -1 

138 138 • -9 
*3 48 

E wo 

72 77 a-T 
Ml 203 

n ra a .. 

2* 25 a .. 
133 in a+r 
43 *7 

110 Its +2 
57 97 +7 

js n *9 

280 290 
toO 475 a .. 
t9'i 7t a-i 
m a .i 
127 131 a-i 
» +*» 
355 270 
31 3* +■» 

W 367 +1 

% ^ # -i 

*7 ? •. 

m in 



4.4 1A 328 
96 64 57 

MJ 24 It- 


114 U 72 

7.0 10 03 
88 94 155 
14 2.1 193 
L< 35 193 

7.1 34 183 

57 74 82 

14 67 U 

07 97 21.4 


.. .. 205 


04 44 M2 

14 44 m 
34 54 198 

10 2-1 19.7 

54 90 ni 

'll U HI 
00 SB 72 

91 U 03 
125 7.4 04 

44 7.1 U2 

18 U .. 
140 93 . . 

54 1J 1i3 
44 27 187 

1160 52 04 

14 30 134 

28 14 US 
14 S4 93 
. a .. 194 

U 44 193 
38 24 284 
31 24 15.7 

.. . . HO 

31 24 212 
90 406 .. 

52 91 234 

.. a .. 14 

15 14 U 
33 91 21.1 

33 92 291 
... .. 74 

14 14 2SJ9 

7.1| 154 30J 
64 44 83 

37 94 153 
95 25 145 
74 17 391 

07a 14 135 

78 72 92 

24 53 162 

53 27 935 

14 <1 153 


91 21 U 

14 1J 192 
44 24 226 

24 17 SB 

5 a « 

B s ,fi 

M M 74 
U7a UO 37 

70 29 155 

U U ai 

06 24 mS 

25 43 *1 

21 14 94 

OJB 14 iS 
« 25 15.7 


84 25 17.7 

*9 3 17.1 

93 90 192 

14 175 34 

71 46 129 
64 80 124 

88 73 -2 

20 2fja .. 
113 1W a -2 

1 1 

40 46 +1 

n n .. 

m ito 

128 130 -1 

332 537 .. 

155 KB a +2 
85 80 +4 

38 41 -2 

aa as .. 
153 Tto .. 
87 92 .. 

44 40 
67 70 

ESI 155 +20 

ra ra 

£ £ 

M2 147 a -2 
31 34 

£ £ :: 

1 £ & 5+a 
S - 1 . 

450 470 
390 *00 
140 « 

Iffl 170 
® 65 +3 

73 78 +4 

35 37 +« 

13* 137 
no 135 
VS 112 . .. 
27> 28'/ 

£• £- rr 

1 9S:: 

H 13 -1 

82 to. .. 

02 S' +4 
215 23g a . . 

an 206 +i 

3J 55 25* 
17 II Li 

ifl u ii' 

» :: 5 

44 S4 Hi 
74 43 11/ 
97 21 21J 
U 14 17J 
48 27 lit 
97 42 .. 

24 U 121 

is m m 

5.1 32 17J 

34 95 B> 
11 45 S8 

43 94 17.1 
S3 44 BJ 

34 44 111 

7.4 45 Uj 

40 94 111 

04 SL2 7 A 

35 14 335 

H 29 W 
84 32 1U 

37 94 225 

1.1 24 IfiJ 

193 2J 160 
193 11 1S5 

30 22 227 

44 35 17.1 

07 24 201 

04 47 65 

90 21 215 
21 13 285 

34 4-1 ISO 
34 84 15 

.. .. ML2 

6 W 

118 128 a .. 
Its IK) .. 

263 -9 

78 78 a .. 

316 SS 
53 60 

60 02 *2 
78 to -4 

m m ms 

rao ras a -2 

51 52V 
85 SB 

2M W +5 
n 9i_ 

112 1 W +2 
TO 173 -2 

25 a 
80 E a .. 

B 8 KB a +1 
29 77 +4 

*8 » 

112 116 +1 

I !*: 

07 91 17.4 

33 09 334 

74 M 117 

...a . . &2 

aa 34 no 

918 58 120 
95 39 Hl6 

47 14 M3 

21 97 M2 

M4 47 193 
17 29 95 

14 26 U 

34 44 80 

4.1 95 78 

54 54 124 

05 10 175 

38 34 120 
50 20 207 

60 70 103 

SS8 21 190 

91 61 

65 U 350 

IU u u 

27 44 97 

40 11 U 

S m 2 17 

35 20 197 

74 23 194 

63 13 HU 

37 46 11.7 

17 25 165 

24 05 BBS 

57 41 115 

14 53 144 

U 09 305 
32 19 321 

39 22 355 

74 44 ML* 

CT 105 £8 13 

IU IM . 34 35 

135 UB # .. 63 45 

41 44 8+1 25 S3 

15*1 17 -’/ .. .. 

77 82 -1 3L5 44 

TO 195 a .. 43 22 

230 2*0 a .. 68 37 

n im +i .. .. 

12 .. 

17 SO -3 ... 

an. o i*j 

70 73 U U 

9 It .. .. i .. 

138 159 -Z 13 11 

to 85 14 IS 

TO M8 a-7 34 25 

21 2* 

30 35 -3 28a 90 49 

u S 

2® 295 U U 30 

»*» 37 *U 21 5J 104 
100 115 -2 44 43 125 

182 SB -1 

49 52 a-z 43 64 122 

S! W 1 “ 

S & :: *B 

■mm .. 47 92 143 

113 IU +9 138 20 545 

23 a -a 17 05 63 

105 - 43 91 107 

MB UB a+3 17 25 232 

a g a iu w 

a 3i *2 

70 78 *3 

SB 01 14 14 74 

175 HO +7 44 25 120 

75 OS 94 90 IM 

75 Ha.. 98 37 105 

»0 MS +1 U 35 114 

I - -4«i 

tsi 200 93 12 193 

bo as +i 

z* as -i .. a .. 91 

48 S3 to 45 90 MB 

92 97 +9 14 14 143 

Q M .. .. a .. 14 

95 160 a . . 77 74 95 

3 » a . . 04 o* .. 

55 to 98 55 193 

17 M 184 

125 130 +3 01 91 .. 

oi a -i . . ■ ., .. 

IDS IV +7 28 27 497 

n « +a *4 nu 

too m +i .. .. 

TO 130 +<r 21 15 222 

to 6* to 32 34 m 

U IS .20 

12* 128 a 43 9* 162 

93 90 ato 57 98 78 

1*7 MS +2 48 32 125 

IU m 34 33 220 

W 17 +*i . ... 

3SJ » a 60 17 a* 

290 309 
85 90 

230 2 ® a 

u 10 a i 
66 75 183 

45 20 263 

170 TO -5 29 TJ 292 

9 GO a 08 S.fl 204 

IIS TO +1 97 <4 147 

* 215 a *5 65 42 14 7 

IDO 195 -2 51 26 160 

126 133 a+3 428 13 154 

an 1.7 44 110 

MS 130 43 u 65 

MM 52 

102 W7 -3 96 25 2D0 

60 64 a+I a? 90 94 

2* 27 a . 99 

87 93 4 0 44 135 

57 6? 47 78 95 

1B3 IAS +4 69 32 268 

* » -1 20 D 31 <212 

29'-‘ 35 V +l'r . 612 

57 to a 4fl 60 169 

TB1 150 -J .. 367 

910 2*0 a+s 11 U 1*6 





1 +3 







1 +2 




! +J» 




t a .. 




1 +2 



'i +<+ 












! -1 . 




i +5 




f -3 











































a .. 





































































a-i 1 * 







21RMai9 I 

151 Manta 

Hfl +5 2A 06 

no 99 93 323 

258 +Pj 94 31 454 

MO . 92 74 ” 

m +!•» 17.10 93 4S7 

ito 64 47 280 

R .. 07 I.I 

1® +3 95 13 453 

14$ +1 34 95 

SS • '190 4.1 

N4 +1 9JB 17 295 

OB #-t 36 55 132 

S -f 11 14 645 

940 54 391 

*t XT 17 BIB 

-'i 960 55 292 

























7 1 













43b 47 333 

20 95 545 

. 72J90-74J5 




2* ZSO a 46 IS 262 

123 I2B „ 25* 23 54 

123 128 to 24 19 ES 

112 116 +1 25 32 168 

193 TO a +15 75 35 92 

SCI ICO +13 77 61 95 

317 375 I 46 14 4J3 

TO Iffl] -3 3.1 13 «3 

to 87 • 31 16 273 

126 131 -4 7.1 55 MO 

223 Z8 to 35 15 204 

175 190 -7 36 20 273 

4* *7 +1 4.1 89 84 

147 152 a-I 47 11 MS 

30 35 15 40 as 

MO 195 +2 92 32 161 

485 505 
60 73 to 

2*S 2*7 a 
ra 75 a . 

74 15 217 

16 £3 l&l 

195 78 63 

1* 74 193 

535 5*5 a+S 2E0 46 

112 117 
138 343 
90 E a + I 
37 42 +2 

52 5* ato 
TO 115 a+z 
14 u 

4 6 40 6/ 

TO 54 
6* 69 111 

iB 45 rar 

23 <3 ” 

13 10 134 



Cash 40? 50408.00 

Three Months . 41400-41440 

Voi 1 

Tom — : Idle 


Cash 40250-403/00 

Three Months . 414JXM14L50 

Vol N8 

Tone im 


Cash 80040-801 J)0 

Three Months . 81S4M1&00 

Vol 11150 

Tone — Stoacty 

33 96 +1 57 39 UB 

TO TO *1 57 35 138 

176 153 a-1 36 20 220 

380 3f$ a-2 97 17 566 

g 56 a I.I 90 482 

60 90 

235 3*5 a+HJ 74 33 25.1 

i» ifi to 36 24 165 

VcL -- 

Dee — 



Feb — 


1 313-354 


o S.-Z"'Z 




wrerawnoHAL 1 

*5 50 +13 47 15 63 

are calculated on tfm mfcftSe'pnce 

Suwfed ra Commodw 
Market Services Ud 

Nov 69.00-70.0 

Dec 71.00-71.5 

toh-- BlOJSOeaOSO 

Three Months . 3*3.50-344.00 

Vto 500 

Tote. studer 

&ah _ ' 90ZSOJBOOM 
Three Months. 325JOffitSO 

Vol IM 

Tore Idte 


Cash 327.00-323.00 

Three Monttis. 8l9JJQ-aS8.W 

Vat : 300 

Tore — ; otset 


Cash 575.00-565.00 

Vol Ml 

Tone Itto 

Wr 604AV«StiS 

TftreeMonflra 591. 00-592.00 

Qah 2575-2585 

Three Months 282542630 

JAH .1 ; NO 

Tore Quiet 


Avereret«M«*Pf»rea et 

vtpfmntitift msiCwtsoo 


^ w, ®- 19pp " k9 ' 


* «L dead carcase weight 

Sheep nttLdnm ISA ava. 
price. 14&S6PW-1&S7) 

Pig nos. tkmm 17.7 %, eva. 

price, 81 .07p(+3^4) 


Live Pig Contract p. per kto 

Mordh Open done ' 
Nov 1Q2P0 10290 

, Feb 97JS0 97.30 

Apr 984)0 884U 

Jun 97.80 9740 

Aug 9&80. 98J0 


Pig Meet *uLO 


UvoCeHle. Contract 

Month Open Ctoee 

Nov 974)0 S7JQ0 

fab . 99.00 894X7 

Apr 99-00 90.00 

Affl M.00 994X1 

Aug • a&OO 99410 


















85 JO 

Wot 577 


. _ 

OKI. Height Fute— Lid 



Seoflamt ' 


pice. 91^-043) 



£ per tonne 

Wheat Barley 
Month dose £k» 

J0aS5 11040 

INI 112-00 . 113430 

TOT - . mJ»-' l ii&ao 

TOY 11&B5- 1164S 

M 11020- — 

.10145 . 10320 - 

Wwat™._„: — 7 97 
tartor 864 

Vot 84 Me 

Open Interest 2876 

- Hgh/Low Ctoee 
Nov 86 8700-850-0 870JJ 

Vot 14 tots 
Open fntnresL26 ' . 


Tanfey indax; 

80KDi#>?£ on 31^1 0/86 

Dry cargo index: 

7844) down 25 OH 31/10786 


from your portfoho cam check your 
adit stare price movements. Add mem 
op to give vim your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dfodend figure 
published ou *hiy pegs. If it wwtrii« yon 
have won outright or a share of the total 
dsly -prize money staled. If yon a 
winner foOow the daim procedure on the 
beck of yonr card. You mast always have 
your card available when chiming. 




Claims required for 
+34 points 

rtoimants shoidd ring 0254-53272 


Na. Ci UHT 









iijiSE. 38 i Ji K « 





a s' 


.. Ki 

104 « WtM 


a s ■!. s a « 






i rr-rr^-r»»J I 


■i *3 

3 a 

S3 £ 

n £ 

U 133 

11 .. . 
21 151 

S3 tt5 

r* w C d wa ft 
13*11 awn 

-HUB 41 

Ml 40 

IU 40. 

HU 41 




154 55 



« s> (gMg** 


n «_wc 


3 3 ST . i a m— 

5 wjjytg 

6 zftszjr 

wr*g {g-w** 

no 39 Qw» M ■■ 


* ” 
f • u 

, ■?. g 

-i «i 
I M M 

♦ f a 


.. S3 

V & 

— *• f 
?. £ 
3 3 “ 

9 «+4S 11 
1 -2 1U 

S 4fi «4 
I u 

5 ?5 

&•* a 

a -r n 

g 5 S3 

u £1 

71 M 
21 .. 
i 2 n a 

a 141 

a « 

25 121 

47 231 
si m 
u m 
si ns 

41 Its 
U 107 

u at 

u no 

49 !! 

53 U 

a £ 

8 £ 

47 B.1 

31 171 
41 HU 

ii no 

14 W 
71 Ttl 
17 711 
7i as 
14 121 

{tt 20 171 
73 21 142 

% n» 

u 11 252 

* “ s 

£ 8 £ 
M U Ml 
u is wi 

51 11 307 

143 17 VI 

8 43 82 

« SI 

O 46 3L3 

■ » a 




+1 1744111 40 


tOB u 1U 




IBB *42 

S? 3 

Si -M2 

7t *4) 
W -1*1 




Weekly Dividend 


12 +2 

nr- vi 


m -8 i 
m +3 
1ST «-1 
IB -1 
ra +■* 
1» • .. 

105 42 


U4 .. 

78 m+i 
SO »+1 

3S- * 

3 JS 


3 . 4 . 



993 • 

953 ... 
IB. 43*1 
31 -I 1 * 

2® .. 

204 .. 

3(2 .44 

IS •*_ 

an +r* 

a i* 

m 4fl 
372 .-1 
SB .. 

& d 

lib SI 111 
M U 142 
a. 1 * 02 _«■ 

a 7 d 1 

44 89 WU 

310 41 134 

a a £ 

o M « 
U '54 951 
u 4i m 

47 11 
41 34 .. 

U U U 
250 52 50 

a a a 

Mb U a 

g 24 So 
25 -15 ai 
u 4.1 Of 
11.73 222 
80 71 142 
21 11 351 

71 U 111 
54 19 142 

SB * is 
as -i*> 
an • -- 
in •-% 
ia .+1 - 
a .. 


«. .. 

tM 95 121 
25 17 HI 
MU 53 120 
Si 35 HO 
®8 44 ®» 

73 «J» 2 i 

HI U » 
MIT 30 00 

Sr SB 0 i 

97 M U 
51a ISO 10 
102 U 127 
■m 33 201 

a & £ 

«J U 

4.1 12 170 
52 M 131 

14 10 ... 

u uat 

207 91 HJ 
87 U Ml 
01 41 192 

“ v a 


S8 ft H* 

17.1 43 ttl 
121 45 00 
04 90 17 

15 21 HB 
M •:*! - 14 
HI 11 .194 
W « OJ 

846 45 M3 
92' ZB 1ST 
IS 17 010 

ma s» ®2 

«n 4 J 111 
104 31 «4 
• %4 Hi - -m 

sa 17 m 

11 tv 

or 04 181 

12 ii m 

51 SB HI 


1 «+1 

1 A 

.. ■ 







E ft+1 




l -2 







B +1 







t -i 



• • 

? «i 

MM Hi 




43 SB 171 

S S3 121 

a si * 

U 91 IB 

97 27 1 11 
•0 90 121 

M2 40 182 

.. « .. 922 

11 tft H 

a* Si 52 

■4 14 214 

m a 
U 92 U 
0l3 QS 
9? 95 ttl 

£ S £ 

a a * 

a s 8 

5B 41 7J 
zt U l 

47 31 141 

200 11 2 J 
155 05 10i 
U U 14 

VI 41 ft 

2i ah a 

ttl 93 0 

£ SS j 


U4 K 

za « ggi****" 

® 5 CMPM 


HO 157 U» M . _ 

UB no 




m vMmmt 

m to •♦f 

s s.^. 

B 58*a 44 

B B 49 
122 124 .. 

IU 114 -Jj 
44 47 .41 

is2 in • 

150 WO +5 
W 310 4# 

B 41 ■! 

U0 WO 4*i 
193 173 4l 

1g W « 

m 191 -V 

Kio so ej 


71 4D 192 

a a » 
“ “ a 

S3 51 'ii 
n u «5 
11 31 W0 

90 24 193 

nil" 30 tt7 
ttl U U1 
„ | 22-1 

“ Id US 

«. “ ip 
21 M 105 


. no 

: m 

411 214 
*3 27 

4ft 94 
-1*4 M 
4« 51 

+W 47 

4 *410 

^ £ 


07 .. 

a lb 

s ^2 

25 91 

34 290 
53 W9 
40 170 

M a 

a s 

55 59 

SI 00 
73 92 

a s sys*» .J* 


%3-Sma .« 


35*1120 MMBf *9 ** 
S 73 HUM « 


an as ' 

m (n 
2W 221 4 
130 ttl 
iKu ■ ■ 
118 ttl 
« * 4 

i a 
& I 

157 » 

SI 22 


WO MW “ 

tsasaa 11 i 

S 180 awflonr 717 

« « •s2r flF ** s 

112 75 WW. . . 

SSffiSt , I 
11 SMS 41 I 

131 SB WMCTMiafP * 

g gB& lfo~» 

lssgw -i I 

550 157 BW •' 

g 55 S3S3L » 

SSE*" a 

iiSSr* i 



W> -- 
315 -S 

m +1 

1 *ik 

WO -1 
n2 -rt 
280 • 
a* • . . 
ws -5 

2J2 .. 

£ 0 jJ* 
att -**» 


124 IWmJM4 

137 *40 

£ # 
274 j»J 
MO •43 
210 »-1 

& \:: 

s S 

408 +3 

219 44 

MJ -*I 

45 27 «5 

tS £ ‘S , 
fi S ss* 

173 . 12 174 

W 41 aS 

ttl 41 91 

S r .4i it 

' H Si 

51 *7 VI 

74 90 «7 
170 5t tt* 
07 U 194 

K IS § 
ia tj » 

£§ » 
23 11 214 
47 25 ttl 
-4JiU « 
41 51 7.1 

U 21 211 
40 17 255 

74 20 HI 
19 27 ttl 

H S ,11 
S 3 i 

a m® 22J 
40 Ml 
27 45 244 

nJ 41 ttl 
U 33 194 
M 31 132 
, 90 11 1M 

M 44 ml 
70 25 ttl 

41 51 AS 


ffl IS* s_ 


« Si Sw? 


asms 1 

m in Q-M.fcMi. . 

M0 99 CM*y * W« 

199 M7 CBa»ir 
30 Itt &B4® 

755 m g"4« 

10 9 Dan 

175 t» «*ym 
120 47 EoMMlW 
CO 105 Emms 
104 MO W tap 
112 93 

as at MM 

is Mid 

ass m 

«a zm mbCb ho 

4B 410 MOM 
‘495 53) 0“ *' _ 

2« 131 H um a — 

«s m w_ 

71 72*1 • . . 

73 79 -2 

195 JD0 • .. 

3H 342 .. 

130 134 -1 

Za 292 8(4 
430 440 - 

178 177 +J 1 * 

w7 in a+i 

47 SI 
i ! a TO • .. 
242 2« 

320 340 .. 

187 1BZ .. 
480 4TO 
HI Mil.- 
288 295 • . ... 

299 M7 , WJ* _ 

a a siw 


2SS 2S> • .... 

T7*i It +1*» 

127 130 -1 

173 190 -*3 

2J7 S47 • .. 

m s® . . 

15 154* -4* 
135 MS . . 
W7 110 .. 

lie n4 • .. 
188 108 • ■ ■ 
105 WT 44 
59 5P* 44*« 

2W 2ffl +2 
1S4 196 +2 

SK 246 

MH - 4 .- 

“ J®.- 6 

422 430 »+l 

42*1 43*, 

225 230 .. 

* 395 „ 

331 333 +2*1 

635 60 -» 

Wb «1*> • . 

2M ® 

m m -2 

312 3T7 -1 

349 3HJ +1 

140 V45 .. 

110 TS v 

a » +« 

764 21 

71 51 
3M as 
91 45 

170 35 

90 1 92 
74 25 

ISiffi-o. I 

Tm J® 

(jX* £ 

at '59 I'G 

S § §5 

£sa £ 



IS Ji a? S £ 

£ 8 S5 

« # 143 20 MB 

*2 * s .a a 

- ' B4 258 31 tt7 

§ a a a 

W +1*1 71 45 154 






M 009 <*» 

«n ... 

tt5 180 

6sEf i. 

hmu» « g; 




U 92 235 

a a £ 

13 .25 218 

a -» s 
a- a a 
h. s-a 
a a a 

57 55 150 

u 32 104 

a a. a 


97 u a.1 

iu Vfl m 

ns 25 vu 

14 25 SJJ 

37 U U 
HU- U fiJ 
300 11 ttl 

a-jB a 
■a a £ 

■ttD 72 12.1 
1 U IU 
•11 M »2 

64 IS 271 
U U 111 

1 a M 

90 10 IU 

. 14 17 233. 

7.1 » »J 

Hi «e i «' 

1.1 U 230 

55 45 102 

43 II HI 

as a 

a s. w 
a--a a 
is a 

71- 1J Ml 


179 . 



C7 225 IM 
701 511 BO 



568 B3 

5 j 


i* s 

• :. 20 

* a . fl 

I! wo 

♦I 5K 

•*L £ 

^ a 

•% £ 

3 S 


i a 

as ST 

««« IU»II|I* 

S : 5 K S2S W 

£ 43 P*U* 


B4 m PMP9IM 


s' 1 ™ SS^ 8 

m n smm 


I iIl 

59 45 1MW 

2G0 WO IrdM M 

1 3hm- 

750 790 

a Be 
u a* 
s ?s - 

753 TBi 
248 ® 
HS7 |g 

1Z7 no 

12 1£4 
aa so 
OB 130 
BBS 613 
190 255 
90 97 1 

178 « 

Si SI 

I a 

I I 

230 2» 1 

196 in 

55 S 

132 135 


40 iu 

41 114 
01 43.1 
71 111 
122 192 

40 121 

21 2U) 
45 177 

41 131 
VI 53 

51 ttf 
15 IU 
U 154 

52 ... 

motors and aircraft 












































172 174 •♦!. 


M MS'V+M SU 3lB '147 


SC j 187 lta**52» 35 S 

S 52— “* m » 1 

| IST £ f I- 


Si ® ® s +z 

an 3R 7 wb 1 Sea* an *o 




i. a 

* £ 
4 U 
4 114 
.. 114 
.. 51 
■ 2U 
+1 121 
.. 120 
4 140 

• ..129 

• .. W1 

46 5« 

•Hrt as 

•4 220 

30 152 
50 M4 
U 171 
41 1U- 

ay sao 
20 m 

U 155 

a a 

12 tU 


U 170 

07 .. 

22 187 
30 BL0 
40 132 
88 Ml 

U0 270 -• 

1 i.-i 

an n d 
05 UJ • y 
104 107 +* 

»a + 1 * 

3® 307 44*. 

ttS 1B6 • . . 

211 m *2 

49 11 

127 120 +1 

a a • V 

73 78 +• 

ii® m .. 
a ii +i 

S S 48 

98 » • - - 

in in •+i 

IBS 200 (6 

I *■:: 

’S’l :: 

137 HO 
115 118 *1 

w w »-a 

B H 

24*i 29 . . 

XX I* -i 
U9 TjO 
07*j 06 

235 SJ 


107 40 192 
OJ8 41 IBS 
90 35 72 
52 77 IU 

. , . , zu 

Slfl S3 82 
7.1 57 243 

57 55 .. 

» 35 m 

45 25 134 
50 . 41 115 

07 14 SU 

29 83 74 

fell RJ 81 

79 7.1 51 

90 41 li’l 
43 11 2U 
50 51 84 

89 39 111 

W 40 as 

14 13 U 

82 51 nn 

67 55 145 

.. • .. 271 

60 53 151 
23 92 103 
71 U 70 
31 51 04 

M 62 103 

90 85 51 

8E 61 80 

59 41 192 

50 80 
no 4.1 71 




by i 


















at 1 












on t) 


the j 
the . 

and i 







B. V 




view i 


in the 
of i 
the £ 


tad hi 

>439 < 
Mi N 






NOW ' 





£3 n 


C <K 

IBS ' 


eel C 
.40 IV 








For i 



'flhe industry standard' 
is a ghastly little bit of 
jargon, we admit. 

But since it is crucial 
to the choosing of a new 
computer, we thought we 
had better explain what 
it means. 

Clf you already know, 
please >GOTO the section 
headed 'pies and napkins/) 



Apple (let's 
give them their due) launched the first 
personal computer back in 1977. 

It was four years before IBM 
responded* with their honest, if rather 
bovine. PC. 

Of course, the IBM machine would 
not. run Apple programs, and vice 

Uar broke out. with the customer 
caught in the middle. 

Soon, vast numbers of programs 
had been written for the IBM PC. 
covering everything from accountancy 
to zoo husbandry. 

Other manufacturers, seeing which 
way the wind was blowing, rushed to 
bring out machines 'compatible' with 
IBM's. Computers that, in other words, 
could run IBM programs. 

Thus, as with OHS in video, an 
'industry standard' quickly became 

Today. anything outside it is 
frankly out on a limb. 


Unfortunately the 'compatibles’, like 
the IBM computers 
they aped, were 
not (oh dear, how 

can we put this?) very remarkable 

They ruminated over programs like 
cows chewing cud. 

Then one day in 1981, a group of 
computer experts met for lunch at a 
pie shop in Houston. Texas. 

Over their coffee and pie, the talk 
turned to the excruciating dullness of 
personal computers. 

Uhat was needed, they agreed, was 
a 'compatible' computer that went far 

beyond what anyone had dreamed of 

Being engineers, and therefore 
uncouth, the tablecloth was • soon 
covered in circuit diagrams. 

Luckily, by the time the bill arrived, 
the design for' a new computer was 
safely sketched on a place mat. 

'It's a great idea/ said one of 
the assembled pundits, 'but who'll 

It is all true, as you can 
easily check by talking to 
any computer expert, or 
reading the. trade press.) 


.Our computers were 
faster and more powerful 
than the machines they 
were targetted against. 

They had features no- 
one else had thought of. 
like safety back-up systems 
and monitors that worked 
equally well with 
text and graphics. 

(very Houston, that) they ran all IBM's 
most popular programs, plus programs 
written specially for . us. 

Such was the demand for them 
that we currently hold the record 
for the fastest ever entry into the 
Fortune 500. 


The object of this advertisement is' 
not .simply to verse you in the lore 
and legend of ..COMPAQ Computer. 

Ue want to sell you something. To 
wit, the most .. powerful personal 
computer ever built 

It is based on Intel's- astonishing 
new 386 microprocessor, and called 
the COMPAQ DESKPRO 386. . 

Our new machine has 6,250 times 

■ . ■ " ■/.■■. 

more working, memory than today's • 
average personal computer. 

It runs current 'industry standard' 
programs 2 to 3 times " faster than 
most other machines on the market. 

For networking, multi-tasking and -• 
multi-user systems, there is nothing to ; 
touch it. That's just for starters. “ 

-- .5 jP , 

v # 111 




build it?' There was a short silence, 
and this COMPAQ Computer was ' born. 


The first COMPAQ PC was a portable 
that offered the same power (power 
= working memory) as machines twice 
its size. It sold out. 

We followed it ;with a series of 
desktop and portable computers,- each 
of which met with rapturous acclaim. 

Soon, as 


♦*:. ’ 

and more software 


is written 

fqr the 

4ble to do 



previously considered to be impossible 
for .3 personal computer. . . . 

Things like computer aided design, 
and running "expert systems' (artificial 
intelligence* no less). 

Best of all - oh. shucks, we've run 
, out of space. Ah well, you'll just have 
to continue this discussion with your \ 
nearest COHPAQ dealer, : mmnAn \ ^ | 

— t: 

(This is not your usual, addy bragging;;. 


— “ • ’ - ■ - “ - — — - — •• a-,. -• ■ ' ■ - - -• — • ... 5.' ’i ^ * rsiiAi ' ■ ' • ‘ 


i ■ '• "• 


Edited by Matthew May 



The trials and 

' Ph 

w 'w"es 

" 3 ^Phi Ct 


" CiI Hi 

■ “ s -fa 

J 9r&r ; 

(Stock Exchange Automated Quota- 
tions) system and the Topic viewdata 
broadcast arrangement, tr is unlikely, 
to find much. 1 

It is dear that die GSty had to 
implement the system far too quickly 

— without a specific idea what n 
wanted — and that it didnYhave any 
realistic estimates about the kind of 
volume it would be required to t«w> , 

The problems with SEAQ and 
Topic come as little surprise to keen 
observers of the computer industry. 
What the City has seen over the pw 
week are the trials and tribulations 
which nearly always plague the start 
up of any large-scale computer system 

— especially those designed in a 
hurry. The only difference for the 
City is that it*s au being played out on 
a far greater scale and embariisingty 
in the public gaze. 

Like most of the other high- 
powered uses of computers over the 
fljst few decades — whether if s 
sending rockets into space or running 

airline ticketing systems — no amotmt 
of trials or simulations can replace the 
land of information learned from - 
actually running the system five. 

Since there is only one London 
Stock Exchange in the world, there 
was .no accurate model on which to 
base the system.“ReheareaIs are re- 
hearsals and they’re staged** ^ 
Doug Gitmod, managing director of 
Information Technology which 
makes some of die feult-tolenmt 

saefa as Prestd oa a regular batia 

Even cm the latter’s low-volume 
service, ft can sometimes take two or 
three cafis to make a connection — a 
factor which must surely he of some 

White it may not be too much of a 
problem when you have to wait a few 
minutes to look lip train tunes on the 
British Raid section of Prestei, ifs 

computer systems used by market 
makers. “AD the users couldn’t 
predict their own behavior until they 
to work on the first morning of 


By Geof Wheelwright 

A tat of-fofc problems cat also be. 
bl a m ed on the GSty having no 
yardstick by which to measure itself 
The fact, for example, that the six 
year old Topic viewdata system — 
which broadcasts tbe quotes offered 
by market makers through SEAQ — 
would not be able to handle more 
than 200 enquiries per second, might 
not have immediately alarm* 

mg to those who have never tried to 
access large-scale viewdata services 

crucial when several hundred thou* 
■ mti p oandi langin fl»bnhm» 

To be fair, however, the stock 
CTfhaiw hiK attramted to minimiw 
the impact that the breakdowns had 
on competition in trading. 

One unfoir advantage would be 
gained by one market maker over 
another just by virtue of one being 
unable to get through to SEAQ and 
tire other being successfiiL To prevent 
this, SEAQ dosed down when Topic 
lines became overloaded last week. 
Explaining the technical problems 

which caured titis state of affairs Is 
fairly easy. Imagine a company 
offering a “holMi® service about its 
products to prospective customers. 
Tbe actual centre which answers the 
telephones ami provides information 
to customers accomplishes much the 
«me thing as SEAQ — and it will 
continue running independently of 
how many people actually get 
tiuoiQh to them. 

The telephone exchange which 
routes the calls to tbe hotline per- 
forms tbe same duty as Topic, tbe 
ageing Viewdata system blamed for 
many of last week's problems. 

But both work effectively 
together tire hotltae service is useless. 

„ - dramatic retaking and re- 

tweaking in die past week that should 
keep the systems online. 

Hus has been accomplished by 
so metimes cutting off information 
from NASDAQ (the US automated 
trading system) and by looking ax 
emergency measures to install greater 
computing capacity on tbe Topic 

portion of the system. 

Britain’s £40m bill 
for hi-tech fraud 

Computer fraud is costing 
British businesses £40 million 
a year, according to insurance 
brokers Hogg Robinson which 
have just published the results 
of an audit into tbe security 
measures in use at SO 

Thai figure co v ers only 
fraud known to tbe computer 
security industry. Undetected 
computer crimes and, prob- 
ably a latger figure, crimes that 
arc detected but covered up by 
tbe company concerned be- 
cause of fear of that publicity 
couM harm its business are an 
unknown quantity. 

The most popular guess 
among the experts is that 
detected crime is only the tip 
of an iceberg and re pre s ents 
less than 10 per cent of the 
total figure fix' computer 

And for today's co m p ut e r 
criminal, tbe chances of 
punishment wf.p i remote. Dr 
Frank Taylor, chairman of the 
security commitee for the 
British Computer Society, be- 
lieves that in half the detected 
cases of co m p u ter f raud , the 
culprit is found, but that only 
5 per cent end up with a 

Computer crime is a world 
of logic bombs, c ompu t e r 
viruses and worms — all 
techniques used in attempts to 

( CRIME ) 

By Matthew May 

defraud or, as is often the case, 
disgruntled former 
emptoyeess who just wish to 
(he maximum Annay, 
Virtually all cases of com- 
puter fraud arc considered to 

one inside the organization — 
other a present or ex<cn>- 
ptoyee. Hie popular image of 
teenage computer hackers 
breaking into a company’s 
computers from the outside is 
seen as a myth . 

Tbe survey singles out the 
careless use of passwords for 

particular criticism, describ- 
ing it as one of the main causes 
of industrial computer fraud. 
Easily remembered passwords 
were frequently used making 
it equally simple for un- 
authorized users to guess 

The most popular pass- 
words in Britain are pass and 
Fred whOe the Americans 
focused cm love and sex to 
gain entry to their computer 
systems. Hackers guesting al 
such simple passwords can 
expect a success tale of 20 per 

More sophisticated hadeers 
however, says the report, now 
use computers programmed to 
try out aO the possible 
combinations of passwords 
automatically, at up to 200 
f ail s a winwiL Few installa- 
tions with dial np facilities 
were found to have protection 
against this sort of anacL 

Three out of the SO com- 
panies looked at, reported 
interference with their 
co mp uter s from outside hack- 
ers, while a further five be- 
lief there was unauthorized 
use from whhm the budding. 

Personal use of systems by 
computer staff ranged from 
writing a thesis, recording 
Stock Exchange movements 
for personal inve stm e n t to 
pasting software for sale: 

jr f 




No flinching over 
Amstrad price hike 


• !5 

*: o 

Amstrad is to raise the price of 
its IBM compatible computer, 
the PC 1512, by 12^ per cent 
The increase, which adds £50 
to the price of the baric model 
will take it np to £5 1 6, and will 
come into effect on January 1. 

Launched only two months 
ago, it comes before the 
computers have arrived in any 
quantity with Amstrad putting 
the rise down to huge demand 
yjad the strength of the Japa- 
nese yen— the machines being 
largely manufactured in the 
Far EasL 

At the moment Amstrad 
can certainly seD more than 
they can manufacture with 
long waiting lists at most 
suppliers and the hand disc 
versions very few and far 

With demand clearly 
exceeding supply, Amstrad 
says 300,000 orders for the 
range have been received so 
far, the price rise is unlikely to 
deter many buyers. 

It also has the useful effect ' 
of increasing the gap between 
the IBM compatible and 
Am spud's word processing 
orientated PCW series which. 

Elsewhere. Amstrad is trasy 
denying rumours that the 
machines can overheat when 
certain add-on cards are' 

Inlike many PCs there is' 
no fan to provide cooling to 
the system unit and though 
foe AmstradY power supppiy 
is in the monitor not the 
system, unit add-on cards 
which take a lot of power tend 
to warm up. Amstrad chair - 
man Alan Sugar puts the 


By Matthew May 

rumours down to a 
campaig n by competitors. ■ 

IBM, for example, has con- 
firmed it is investigating re- 
ports, rn & trade maga zi ne tfcji* 
some of its safes staff were 
feQing computer dealers the 
Amstrad’ machine had 
overheating problems. 

So far there are relatively 
few machines delivered and 
no-One has been able to pro- 
duce any examples of a mehed 
Amstrad. And, co m puter 
magazine reviewers doing 

ing a printer, 

have lost sales to the! 

long term tests on the PCI 5 12 
have yet to report any serious 

The speedy *** 
Pick up 
that cuts 
down cost 
and time 

After years oflow-profBe exis- 
tence, Pick operating system 
•'Software is being promoted, in 
'■ Britain by a newly-formed 
trade association called the 
Pick Forum. 

- :»(T 

The new organization has 
been set up by 18 co mpan ies— 
hardware manufacturers and 
systems and software firms — 
to try and create a greater - 
awareness of this bu sin c s s- 
oriemated software. 

In addition tile group in- 
tends to keep a watching brief 
on Pick developments and 
standards to ensure that tire 
system’s portability — which 
allows application programs 

By Frank Brown 



developed on one Pick-based 
computer to be run on any 
other regardless of make or 
type — is maintained. - - 

Another aim is to counter 
' the extensive promotion of 
Unix as the operating system 
for business use, in recent 
years. “Unix was des ign e d 
primarily for engineering and 
scientific use,” says the 
Forum’s chairman, Peter 
Westwood, “whereas Pick was 
conceived specifically for 
business processing 

Its proponents claim that its 
ease of use speed s application 
program development and 

Chairman UK Pick Forma: 
Peter Westwood 

modification to such an extent 
that development costs and 
timescales are greatly reduced. 
“It soon clears the logjams of 
application development 
projects associated with other 
multi-user systems," one said. 

Currently there are 40,000 
Pick installations worldwide, 
less than 4,000 of which are in 

Major UK users of Pick- 
based systems i n clu de Gov- 
. eminent departments, tbe 
National Health Service, local 
authorities, and companies 
such as Courialds and the 
Sears Group- 

According to one. recent 
survey, foe Pick market has 
grown more than 4fr per cent 
over the past five years, and 
will increase by more than 25 
per cent per annum in fotorc. 

At present, there are some 
25 computer manufacturers, 
and. 150 systemsarid .software 
companies selling Tick-based 
products in the UK, i nc l u di n g 
some 2,000 .applications 

The fbrttm has already re- 
ceived the backing of the 
software’s American devel- 
oper, Dick Pick, who has 
agreed to be its honorary 
president- It has also, received 
die Messing of tire Spectrum 
Manufacturers’ Association,, 
the US organization 
representing foe major manu- 
facturers of Pick-based 



Tbe incredible raojR of Toshib* hp- 
top computers from ibeTllWup to 

3 including tbe TS100, which pees 

BWPC-AT bat m the sm^me as a briefcase. 
KL le/t out m tbc.toM. C-omc in to High Ho Hw rn a onl y 

Toshiba fli 




78 Hfgh-Koibora, London WCIV 6t& 

TetaphonB 01*831 OMATetex 262546. 





V* • - • i. „ J .M* • .4-. v 


• . 






What’s the point ofhaving computers unless they can worktogether? 
Then you can share everything. 

Hardware, Software. Iran keying information in to getting 
information out. In word-processing, stock control, fi n a n cial planning, 
accounts. Yxi name it. 

Ifs afl posable with Apricot. XEN. The true multi-user system for the 
personal computer user 

lo start with, XEN offers a range of the most advanced IBM® 
compatibles youVe ever seen. Complete with Microsoft Windows. 

And under the uniqueXENAdvancePlan,eachandeveryXEN can be 
upgraded to the level of the most powerful. Whenever you Kka 

It can turn into a network or multi-user system overnight. Your 
existinglBM^f Apricots or other compatibles wifi all work with it. 

As will your printers, and add-oas, And virtually all your software. 
So you can enhance die value of existing investment. And nowhere else 
in the world could you get such advanced technology 
on your desk from under £2£00? 

To help you expand your system youll find 
there are specially trained XEN multi-user dealers 
throughout the country. 

So as well as the wodds mostadvanced 
computing system, you’ll get all the expertise 
and help you need 

WfeU send you the name of your nearest 
dealer And copies of the rave reviews that XEN 




r de- 
s or 

i U! 


i fo 







I C 

: hi 








am - 


is getting. 

Just call us on Freefone Apricot 
Apricot Computers pic, Apricot House, 111 Hagley 
Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham B16 8LB. 

§ apricot 





The syueoi SustttirtJ « XEhJ-xflOwaii OpwralXENTEL, high rcyAmoo colour mwia oc ■ *fOf the Apm** XEN-ml 0 (omnng: 8 MH* Irad 802 X 6 prr>av- *r > 12 K RAM; togh resnhwon nwoo monitor 1 QMB *mdic«cr dok; options o( 5 . 15 * *** 

• wrtfi L 2 MB apaary « tfaeocw Apocw bigfadeasj^J^' Micyctiopj*: Awe with l.-HMB tapaory; Prvf VAT ■ rRM. air rrjasfsmi trade maffe erf respeemtr opaanrtf; w«TTfxi»«. • 

A. . k. ....... • .,4. .... ■ ...... 

















at I 




p lea- 
by r 

the ] 
on tl 
the j 
the . 
is he 
and i 






B. V 

in the 
of t 
the £ 

tad h 




ny N 



7.00 U 





i SI 

I Inf 

'* cc 
MB < 

' Ml 

■34 X 


CS It 

C 63 
188 ' 
W) C 
■4S B- 




Km i 


Brave man who went 
multinational on Day 1 

The best way to ruin your 
hanir manager’s day — as Nick 
Ogden discovered — is to tell 
Him you are throwing up a fat 
salary company director- 
ship to launch your own high- 
technology company. 

Add to that the situation 
that the product is a commer- 
cial computer database, and 
that yon plan to go multi- 
national from day one, and see 
if he smiles. 

~ It takes only a moment's 
reflection to see the drawbacks 
of starting a new da t a b ase. 

No one will pay to go on 
until they are sure people are 
using it— no one will use it un- 
til there is lots of information 
on it. 

In the event, Mr Ogden’s 

hanir fpor^ag nr went a COUplC 

of shades, paler, but be pro- 
vided a £10,000 overdraft just 
the same. 

Since he formed 
Company line in October 
1985, Mr Ogden and his staff 
have worked from an extra 
room built cm to his bungalow 
in Northampton, with a cen- 
tral processor, photocopier, 
and laser printer neatly stored 
in what was the cloakroom. 

He has franchises in Hong 
Kong, Switzerland, and the 
United Arab Emirates and 
offices are planned for the Far 
East, Europe, the Philippines, 


By Ann Kent 

South America, and Australia. 

Mr Ogden registered the 
name Companyune in 1981. 
after nn tiring that though 
there were specialized 
commercial data bases there 
seemed to be no general one. 

A customer looking for a 
supply source tended to rely 
on existing sources or the 
Yellow Pages because 'there 
was no centralized source of 

He worked on the idea 
during holidays and in the 
evenings, bat thought it was 
likely that be would oe pipped 
at the post 

After a brief period as a sales 
director, the urge to own bis 
own company overwhelmed 
him, and he framed Moti- 
vative Marketing.* 

Companyline was meant to be 
one of its activities, but Mr 
Ogden soon realized that if he 
was able to nm the database 
seriously, there was no hope of 
doing anything else. 

- He abandoned his plans to 
trade up from his four-bed- 
room detached house to a 
more upmarket residence 
built to his own design. In- 
stead, be traded down to a 

bungalow half the size of his 
previous home, and used the 
£15,000 equity he released as 
staxtina no camtaL 

He also found the £7,500 
overdraft facility ofhis Ameri- 
can Express Golden Card did 
very nicely — the interest rates 
were lower than a bank over- 
draft. Naturally, this irritated 
his bank manager. 

In August 1985, his wife, 
Veronica, went back to her fob 
as a legal executive while Mr 
Ogden spent a couple of 
months building the extension 
which was to house his staf£ 
cared for their eight-month- 
old son, and started his 

He coped with the chicfcen- 
md-egg dflemuma .fay investing 
in what he describes as “one a? 
the best hard-copy databases 
around.” It coapsted! of yet. 
low pages : from’, all - over 
Britain, catalogues, and- test 
books. The service was and is 
free to the UK inquirer, btit at 
that stage it was also free to the 

He said: “We had to educate 
the public to realize there was 
a need for our product” 

Once the suppliers were 
found, he rang the inquirer 
with a list of names. He then 
phoned the suppliers and told 
them about the sales lead, so 

fotamtiwiiy tire inquirer dto- 
not have to do anything else. - 

The response was extremely 
mixed. He said: “Some com- 1 
parries wait for the business to 
come to them but luckily there 

were enough of the other kind, 
who saw the advantage of 
going on to our database. 

“We charged much too little 
at first— £98 for UK subscrib- 
ers and £148 for companies 
abroad. Our clients were tell- 
ing us it was too cheap. 

Patting foe rates up fa £249 
for -UK clients and £449 for 
overseas cheats did .wonders' 
for our sales. People seemed'tb 
take us more seriously.” 

' By the end of next year he 
expects the capatity- of the 
central processor he even- 
tually -benight, to have grown 
to 14 terminals instead of foe 
existing four. 

At present he is paying a 
heavy personal cost, working a 
90-hour week and often get- 

ting, tip at 4 ani to deal with 
.telexes from the Far East. “I 
have to tie toiny wife and teU 
herJt Is 6 o'clock," be said. 

Naturally the bank has 
takferin great deal of security, 
indudingthe bungalow. 

' “You have to put every- 
thing on the line when you 
decide to start a business,” Mr 
Ogden said. “But cash flow 
has not been a real problem 
and we will have a profit in 
our first year.” 

The golden days of low 
overheads are about to come 
to an end. He needs to employ 
22 people by January and 40 
by the. end of 1987 and is 
currently in a contract race to 
buy a 12JXX) square feet office 
block in Northampton. 

He admits to surprise at his 
lack of rivals. He ra id: “If 
anyone tries to start some- 
thing simila r, they will have a 
hell of a job catching up.” 

The clever-tricks brigade goes commercial 


By Chris Naylor 

Artificial intelligence (AI) has 
always been the department of 
dever tricks within the com- 
puter industry. Maybe, as yet, 
those working in the field have 
had scant success in creating 
Frankenstdnian monsters but 
they've still thought up some 
dever ideas. 

Expert systems which can to 
some degree replace or even 
outperform human experts; 
natural language systems 
which cam speak or partially 
understand what's bong said 
to them; computer vision 
systems which can see and 
programmes which can rea- 
son, learn and plan. 

There's no doubt that it’s 
the glamorous end of the 
computer business. And 
there's also no doubt that 
many of the firms working in 
this area report that one of 
their biggest problems is in 

are skilled in artificial 

But there may be a snag — 
that there's an increasing need 
for Al products which are 
not too clever. Because sheer 
cleverness can be commercial 
bad news. 

The problem is that if s 
possible to think of the com- 
puter world as two distinct 
Oreams — the dever AI world, 
and foe dumb commercial 
world — and these two streams 
have traditionally remained 

Whilet the AI people have 
occupied their minds with 
complex problems requiring 
dever solutions, the commer- 
cial world has been steadily 
grinding away at such mun- 
dane chores as file handling. 

After all, while the commer- 
cial sector might accept that 
AI is cfever, it can rightly 
point out that sheer cleverness 
does not provide bread and 

Yet times are changing and 

this is due to the perceived 
need in foe AI community to 
sell their bright ideas. 

Some years ago it was quite 
common to find an AI product 
launched on the market which 
was really quite bright — an 



A vacancy exists tar the toBowing post- 


Satoy: Scale 3/4 CM0MS.172 

You wi be required under general supervision from the Group Engineer to 
operate the Department’s computing facilities In an efficient manner, to pro- 
vide assistance to users, and to provide clerical support to the section. 

You should have a minimum of 4 QCE O’-Leveb, but ideafly be educated to 
“A" Leve(/ONC standard with at least 6 months previous experience in a 
computer operations environment 

The Department operates a large PRIME mini and experience of PRIME 
computers would be a distinct advantage. 

AppHcathm by tana only, avaBaMe wMi farther detaRs from the Director of 
Pmmel Services, PO Box 270. Avon Hon*, The Haymaftst, Bristol BS99 
7HE, or tatapbona Bristol 298566 (Anatom on this number after office 

Ptesse quote reference ranter ENQ/5382/T2 when asking tor forms which 
moat be returned by 17th Novamber 1988. 

h ighways and Eogha artng Department 
C^ gineoring Mana gement Support Section 
Avon as an Equal CJppofhm^enyjkj^ ' 

considers applic an ts on their suttat&ty 
tor the post reganSass of sex, moo. d&- 

ahBty or sexual orientation. _ __ _ _ _ 


> wnwn m 


expert system shell, for in- 
stance, which could be tai- 
lored by the user to display ‘ 
expertise in a wide variety of 
fields. Or a machine learning 
programme which could dis- 
cover previously unknown 
rules from sample data. 

The only snag was that few 
of there products really sold in. 
any numbers. 

Computer users just carried 
on with their normal file 
h andli n g , databases, word 
processing and spreadsheets 
and did not embrace AI with 
the fervour that had been 
hoped. Yet, if these products 
were so dever, why didn’t 
normal people want them? 

The answer may be that 
cleverness isn’t everything 
and, in business,-!! definitely 
comes second to utility. For 
most .of 'there products re- 
quired the user to set them up 
as stand alone systems, hold- 
ing data in a format peculiar to 
that product. 

As if the user was going to 
turn to them and use them in 
glorious isolation from every 
other computer-related activ- 
ity that they’d carried out in 
the past. 

But things are changing now 
with the better AI products 
being modified to take ac- 
count of the way thirds hap- 

pen in the commercial world. 
’lh5tead^JQ^- expert systems 
being designed so that they 
can only understand data 
presented to them in their own 
AI-inspired format, these can 
now read and undastand data 
held in the format of rtandard 
spreadsheets and databases. 

Instead of tire exotic AI- 
inspired programming lan- 
guages pretending that 
everything a user might con- 
ceivably want to do could be 
done in that language, these 
. now contain links to enable 
the programmer to move to a 
conventional language when 
some aspect of foe problem 
requires a conventional 

In short, mnch of the AI 
world has realized that a great 
deal of computer life is con- 
ventional and, without throw- 
ing away their cleverness, 
they’ve compounded it by 
accepting the conventional 
with the clever. 

But, in order to do this, you 
have to understand just what 
is conventional and how it 
.works. And that is where 
many a good programmer can 
score. For you cant produce 
an interface to a conventional 
database package for your AI 
product unless you under- 
stand how conventional 
databases are organized. 

Nor can yon include the 
ability to call other language 
routines if the only languages 
you've ever . used are the 
exotica of AL 

And, on a less technical but 
more fundamental levd, you 
are not going to be able to sdl 
vast quantities of yonr bril- 
liant AI product unless it 
addresses a genuine need — a 
need which yon may only 
know about if yon have some 
knowledge of the commercial 

. Obviously, any firm work- 
ing in the AI field is likely to 
expect its staff to have a 
reasonable working know- 
ledge of AI techniques and 
that knowledge can tike some 
tune and effort to acquire. 
But, when it comes to AI, tire 
acti vities can be sufficiently 
expiring to make the learning 
relatively painless. 

In contrast, acquiring run- 
of-the-mill knowledge of con- 
ventional techniques and 
practices in a world moving 
towards AI might well seem a 
tedious way to spend your 

So it could wdl he that the 
most useful people to have 
working in the AI field are 
those who already have a solid 
grounding in conventional 
work. They are then mentally 
free to get caught up in the 
enthusiasm of foe new tech- 
niques without carrying foe 
risk that they might be ig- 
norant of the old ones. 





sponsored txj 


The results of tire 1985 UK 
Computer Press Awards, 
sponsored jointly by The 
Times and Hewiett-Padanri, 
wdl be announced on Novem- 
ber 26. An awards ceremony 
will be held at Obniriges hotel 
in London hosted by the 
television and radio personal-, 
ity William Rushfon. 

Prizes, worth more than 
£10,000, include silver tro- 
phies, an HP Vector desktop 
computer and Th inkjet 
printer, three portable 
computers and printers, 
£1,000 worth of photographic 
equipment and three crates of 
champagne • 

The winnere wffl be selected 
by a panel ofjudges, including 
Bill Ellis, president of tire 
Computing Services Associ- 
ation, Derek Harding, former 
secretary-general of tire British 
Computer Society, Eamonn 
McCabe, news photographer 
of the year, Jane Bird, editor 
of The Sunday Times Innova- 
tion Page, and Alan Furaiss, 
marketing manager of 

Olivetti * 
in big 
PCs I 


■ division foe Ameri- 

can i erepnone : 

Italian office equipment 1 
maker, full responsibility for ;* 1 /; 
developing and . -manufeo- ' -U 
turingitshneofIBM-oonipat- T ’ 

Ofrvem has been producing 
AT&T’s PC 6300 computer *— 
forthe last t w o ye ar s as part of 
an alliance between tire two - - 
co mpa n i e s to develop and«r>fe 
market new technology. Al- , 
though AT&T’s performance . 
in tire computer b usiness has ^ 
been poor sales of the PC - 
6300, which is compatible ^ 
with IBM's PC-XT model, .*• 
have been strong, according toJT.t 
computer analysts. 

Analysts said bo th c om- 
pani es would benefit from the * ~ 

move. AT&T would have a*— . 
stronger presence in contpoter""'’ 
markets overseas while‘s 
Olivetti would receive finan-''~ 1 
dal support and become aa ,,j 
important participant in the d 
American market. t ' 

In 1984, Otrwxti and AT&T 
agreed to develop new tech- % 
nology, including small j 
computers and other ad- . 
vanced office wwHiwiminitinii 
equipment At the time; ^ 
AT&T bought a 23-5 per cent:.? 
s tate in Olivetti with an — 
option to increase its share to “.I,’ 

40 per cent within four years. — * 

The chairman 
keeps his job 

Under a revised agreement 
announced last week AT&T,-,,, p 
agreed not to exercise f 

option until 1990. The newt,., i. v" 
icnt also provides that ^ J. • 
fs cha irman . Carlo deCZd ^ 

— = can remain in that; , ■■ j'. 

position for 10 years. 

In addition, the two oam-„“‘* 
parties agreed to extend their - 
rese a rch alliance until 1996. .Z'l 
“The move implies that ’• 
they will now focus on IBM 
clones or products that require.' ^ 
expertise,” said Glenn.r^ 

. an analyst who fok 
tows AT&T for Dean Witter. - ! 
Reynolds Inc. 

Olivetti has an established: ^ 
record of dBvd<)pi^g , andm 
marketing computer products, 
in Europe, but AT&T has had .- 
difficulty penetrating con-,^ 
purer markets in the United 
States. Analysts attribute its^ 
weak perfor man ce to a lack of,/ 
management experience in the'** 
computer marketplace: , Jf 

Since tire divestiture of its 
regional telephone companies. . 
three years ago, AT&T has 
introduced a number of com^" 
purer products, including foe ' 
PC 6300, the Unix PC and the 1 " 
3B minicomputers. 

New York Times -- 


Appteworkf, Business 
Centre, Upper St, London N't, 
Wednesday until Saturday (01- 

Compec, Olympia, London, 
November 11-14 (01-821 5555) 
Micros in Design, Design 
Centre, Haymarket, London 
SW1, November 12-December 
19(01-839 8000) 

Computers In foe City, Bar- 
bican, London, November 18- 

Cadcam on Meres, Institution 
of Mechanical Engineers, 
Birdcage Walk, London SW1H 
9JJ, November 18, Seminar 

and demonstrations — £40 (01- 

British Telecom Network Strat- 
egy Conference, Sedgewtck 
Centre, London El, November 

People and Technology; 
Queen Elizabeth U Conference 
Centre, Wes tm inster, London, 
November 25-27 (01-727 1929) 
CIMAP — Factory automation. 
National Exhibition Centre, Bir- 
mingham, December 1-5 (Q1- 
891 3426) . 

Interactive Video, Metropoie 
Hotel, Brighton, December 9- 
11 (01-8471847) 

WghTe ch notoqy in Education,.^ 
Barbican, London, January 21- ' ^1 
24(01-6081161) ^ 

Videotex User Show, Barbican^* 
■London, January 28-30 (01-608 
1161) - M 

Dexpo Europe, 

London, March 

in Rotating, Na- 
Exhlbttion Centre, Bir- 
ham, March 11-13 (01-222 . 

Cadcam 87, Metropoie Hotef*. 
NEC, Birmingham, March 24- * 
26(01-608.1161) — 


cxpenence in PTT m iralrt ny loa e lines cmn- 
mumca nwB nctworic is iwupict y. ouxnuce 
mua ladudc iheonokal and practical taiow!- 
ioTaikaa ihrce oia of six of ibe foaomng 

<1 power Benemion and d i arib e tion. 

Mug have a decree in electronics or tdeoom- 
InneuoTx decree a (oral of oo ien 
■' experienee of above 

118MJ55 ptasemh- 

Ihan five yon 
i rrhm qu cs win „ .. 
Basic monthly salary 
aBowmcc. Tax Bee. 

uwJme knowiedCE of modem ehcoit don 
MCfiidin^ uansaiors and rammed lope err- 
cumy. Have practical repair mperiwi c e of 
modern anaiOKiKart dntdequipnieM and nr 
of leg eg oipronL Ftmaneattl ti ader s an diag 
or nopamiiunp KChraques. » iuopm tech- 
ojcxl nunualx iftciodinx wiring and scheraabe 
dbganu. Arahly md exocrienoe in daModay 
ateramranoo and uperraioa of tcdnriral 
SUfi. Mob have a diploax Bom x recognized 
teiftDKal obooi offering x fall tunc 
w* oology course of n p p re x iiaM dy two ware 

Basic motuMy salary Lire 2JIO80 pfas «"«■ 
allnwancef. Tax Bee. 

LANGUAGES: Vciy good fcnowfc dt g of En> 
llnh qpoken and written. Indian language fagbiy 

IMPORTANT: Cmdatatas sbookl aotalt 
Ibm detailed cuRKuhm ra ExaRsb. dtuaedB- 

sauon. profeuoBal experiences and 
“POSITION” dedred. to die followin ad 
1 ?' cr . tt>M 30 November IW6. Fur . 
aooal inBxrmaoon cad (Ml) 721 -2223. 

Ci v flran Penoanel Branch 
SOliS BepioU. Napla. Italy, 

Front Runners in Computing 

Telecommunications Specialists — An Open Day Invitation 

Substantial Salaries + Banking Benefits 

The climax to Lhe Lloyds Bank "National Recruitment 
Campaign' will take place in Lxmdon on the 6ih and 7tb . _ 
of November 19fl6. 

As pan of this recruitment drne the Bank wishes to" 
invite ambitious professionals with telecommunicauons 
experience and/or analytical/programming skills to 
consider the prospects of an exciting new career in ibis 
challenging and fast moving environment. 

The department specialises in providing the development. 
_ irp piemen miiommd support forthe Bank's national and 
inteTnatiqnalemninunications networks, utilising the ' 
highest levels of technology. The Bank’s strategy is based 
upon integrating voice and da Lit networks, coupled with 
the necessary supportive soft ware. . : 

Applicants with knowledge of SNA, NCCF, NPDA, 
TPNSarttd/or matrix swiichingand line protocols, are 

particularly sought after. 

So visit usatThe Georgri.Inn, . 

77 Borough High Street, Southwark, London, SEI 
on Thursday, 6th November 1986 between 4.00pm and 9.00pm 

oraltemathnelyaiThe Savoy Hotel 
The Strand. London, WC2 - 

on Friday 7th November 1986 between 10.00am and 9.00pm 

foran informal chat with the Bank's specialists and to 
find out whar the future can hold for you. 

As well us competitive salaries an excellent benefits 
package is oflered which can include preferential 
mortgage, loan radlities. relocation package, annual 
bonus, profit sharing, pension scheme and flexible 
working hours. 

If you are unable to attend either of the Open Days 
please telephone Peter German on 01-251 8861 
(orOI-46) 4626out of office hours) for more 




ASmand Computer Resources limited.- -. 

Wilec House. 82-88 City float f. LOta/on SCTY2BJ 
Telephone Qt-25l88Gt 124 tot- 

: : 



01-481 4481 


Appear every Tuesday in 
. The Times 

To place your 
.. . adyertism^.. 
please telephone 
01 48i : 1066 



as *>„ . 

=’ <«0 


V 4ca 

' &*, 

ja-% . 



• - 


i! 'ist 

- rr -a* 

M \ 
" ' 3 ' k|t «i 

■ gfe 

■ '=' ,a ?jii cs 

'■' ii; Sir s 

"'“ S >3 ?SIS. 



^ — — — — — - ■ . — •- _ • ■■■ 

* Optical 

can expect 
new savings 

By Frank Brown 

The world's first all-optica] ■ 
■ tight regenerator for use in 
optical communications, has 
been demonstrated by -British 
Telecom Research Lab- 
oratories at Manlesham 
fl^eaih, Suffolk. 

The expert mental device 
amplifies and re-times light 
pulses directly, thereby avoid- 
ing the need to convert them 
from tight to electricity and 
back, as occurs in con- 
ventional repeatere. 

Optical regenerators prom- 
ise considerable savings in the 
cost of optical communica- 
tions links, particularly under- 
sea links. They should be 
significantly cheaper and sim- 
pler to mate, and win require 
less power. 

Present day long-distance 
optical links, the main tele- 
communications “highways” 
between centres of population, 
have regenerators installed ev- 
ery 30 ktiometres ( 18 miles) to 

50 per cent more 
0 circuits between 
UK and Belgium 

restore the intensity of the 
laser tight pulses — the voice, 
data' and video signals ’ — .« 
travelling along the hair thin 
fibres of glass. 

In- the undersea fibre optic 
systems which will soon span 
the world's oceans, regen-. ' 
era tors are placed every 50 

: The aliroptical regenerator 
vfa s developed by two British 
Telecom engineers; Rod 
Webb and Jbftu Devlin, and | 
differs from previously dem- a 
qnstrated optical amplifiers m F 
two-key respects. - q 

*. Its- output is relatively con- * 
^ slant over a range of input n 
' signal levels, and the signals 
themselves are timed by an a 
optical clock. .j 

The two inventors have: . 
operated the device at 140 .J 
million pulses a second, the : 
operating rate of most present s 
day fibre optic links. They are F 
how concentrating on improv- 
ing ns performance to adiieve e 
higher rates, and therefore- •* 
greater traffic handling capab- I 
ity> ->»»•.«. «b) 

Oltimately, the device will □ 
be produced commercially by D 
BT & D .Technologies, the « 
opfo-etectronics -company p 
jointly owned by British p 
Telecom and Du Pont s 

BTs announcement of in it 
aJTopucal regenerator co- 
^nnades with the opening of the t 
World's first international op- Jj 
ncal fibre undersea cable. 1 
Called UK-Belgium 5, rt runs JJ 
between the two countries and ° 
was formally opened with a _ 
video conference between 5 
London and Ostend. £ 

The new cable increases the g 
number of telephone drcuiis © 
between the UK. and Belgium p 
by 50 per cent to over 33,000. s 
It was laid by British Telecom s 
International and cost more fc 
than £10 mfllien. d 

A winning flight with Concorde 

The fire weekly winners of The 
Times/DEC Schneider competition, 
who first met at the Jane Schneider 
Trophy race on the fide of Wight, 
sponsored by Digital Equipment, met 
again at the weekend. They received 
their prizes at London Airport — seats 
an a Concorde champagne flight above 

the Bay of Biscay. 

The mark of Norastber at Heathrow 
vanished below as the winners and their 
partners were whisked into the un- 
broken sunshine 55,000 feet high, where 
they enjoyed a caviar and salmon lunch 
and visited the lfigfat deck. 

The overall winner, Mrs Jennifer 

McFarland, and her husband, of Leices- 
ter, will shortly fly to New York on 

In the picture (left to right) are: Mr 
and Mrs Peter Matthews; Mr and Mrs 
Alastair Macmillan; Sandra Coventry; 
Claire Robertson; and (far right) Mal- 
colm Cntting. 

A commanding voice to tackle the task 

■ The argument that speaking to a computer wlti 

soon replace the use of a keyboard has many critics. 
For many tasks, they argue, a keyboard win be 
quicker and voice fBco^hhon, still a fairly clumsy 
technology, wSI bo limited to specialist use for 
many years. * \ 

Marconi disagrees and is claiming to have made 

a significant advance in speech recognition with the 
announcement of £5,000 unit that has a 

Unlike most existing systems the user only has to 
speak the words tor the inatal vocabulary into the 
system once and any'nuniber of vetoes can be 
stored each on a separate disc. 

Further information from 01 954 2311 

Soft money option 

■ Those who believe there are stffl fortunes to 
be made, by writing a winning piece of software 
could doworse than rsad Tns Software 
Business, described as a guide on how to create,, 
pubfish and sell computer software. 

Written by Meyer Solomon, the founding editor of 
ParsonafCkjmputer World, the book ranges from 
picking the right idea to foe sort of contract a 
software author should expect from a publisher. 

It is published by BBC Books atES^O 

BT business offer 

■ British Telecom has launched a service for 
managing the corporate communications networks 
of companies and organizations that have ■ 
multiple locations. 

BTs Communications Facilities Management 
(CFM) division offers to design, instafl, commission, 
operate and manege private networks. The 
drvisiop has won its first contract - managing foe 
corporate data network of British Aerospace. 

Ron Back. BTs managing cfirector for business 
services said many businesses were finding that 
setting up and managing their communications 
facilities was a demanding overhead which was 
detracting them from.thefr main business.: 







P*>r / 

market for people wanting souped-up graphics, 
being too expensive to stimulate much demand as a 
home computer. 

The two Rs by video 

■ IBM has announced in foe US a computer- 
based system for teaching itiiterate adults and 
adolescents to read and write. 

The system, cased Pals, for Principle of the 
Alphabet Literacy System, includes computers, 
keyboards, touch-screen video monitors, inter- 
active laser (fiscs, and (flgitized voices and sounds. 
Pals has been developed by Dr John Henry 
Martin, in conjunction with IBM Educational Systems 
of Atlanta. Each $72,000 (about £50.000) Pais 
system can accommodate 500 adults a year, 
fn test programs in Washington, high-school 
students were able to improve their reading sldtts by 
~an average of aftnost three grade levels after 20 
weeks of self-paced instruction, said Dr Martin. 

The first Pais system in New York City was 
installed fast Tuesday at Jefferson High Schoof in 

‘Albert here bas agreed to test it for ns* 

Apple resurgence show 

■ Apple held an exhibition last week in the newty 
opened Business Design Centre in Islington to 
display foe wares of firms that made products tar 
its machines. 

So far foe company has had somethtng of a 
resurgence as the raeffities of the Macintosh have 
become more useful to a wider audience, 
especially in the growth field of desktop publishing. 
It has tittle time for compiacancy, however, as 
several desktop-pubfishing programs are swiftly 
becoming available for the IBAw’C and other 

Apple's new GS was on display. Though the 
graphics capabffty Is very Im p ressive for a machine 
costing around 21,000, it suffers from the same 
problem as foe Amiga in fincflng a large enough 

Adults-onfy game 

■ For the first time, a computer game has been 
censored and ail copies sold will nave to display a 
“IS" certificate wanting that it Is unsuitable for 

Dracula. from software pifofishere CRL was 
issued last week with a certificate after being 
watched by foe British Board of Film 

CRL's managing director, Clement Chambers, 
asked for foe censorship ruling, believing it may be 
unsuitable for children. 

Though both a graphics and text adventure, it 
was primarily foe language of the text which caused 
foe board to make this unprecedented move, 
said Mr Chambers. 

“the Implication is that from now on every 
computer game will have to be vetted and awarded 
foe suitable certificate," he said. 

Beware of making 
false economies 


By Anthony Lambie 

To . those outside, it would 
appear that the computer 
industry is peopled by 
yuppies. This impression is 
particularly strong among new 
graduates in “soft” subjects 
{ike bistory and sociology. 

They look with envy on 
contemporaries in computer 
science who are snapped up by 
employers, often at five-figure 
starting salaries. 

While the hard-up historian 
is still on the remorseless 
round of job-hunting, the 
computer man- is already plot- 
ting bis next move for the 
fester buck. 

But these are general misr 
conceptions held by many, 
and are far from reality. The 
cold feet is that, although the 
industry is young, most com- 
puter professionals don’t have 
dearly defined career paths. 

People do still see them- 
selves staying in computing 
until retirement — but their 
loyalty is to their craft. Not to 
a particular organization. 

As the craft changes and 
develops so new specializa- 
tions come to the fore. Pro- 
fessionals don't want to be left 
behind in a technical back- 
water. They are keen to ac- 
quire the latest skills and to get 
to grips ■ with new 

Unfortunately, in the cur- 
rent climate, the most eff- 
ective way of keeping up with 
these advances is lo change 
jobs. Although this may cause 
some degree of disruption, in 
the form of house moves, it 
certainly does not act as a 

Broadening experience has 
always been a key factor in 
changing jobs. Programmers 
aim lo move on to analysis, 
for example, and so on up the 
ladder. Surprisingly pefhaps. 
increased salaries come only 
as a secondary objective. 

What is most disturbing is 
the fact that employers' inabil- 
ity to train to retrain has been 
evident for many years. Bui 
they have not yet learned the 

Generally, people don’t 
move simply because they are 
dissatisfied with their current 
jobs. The missing element is 
the opportunity to keep 
abreast, or ideally ahead, of 
the game. 

On the whole, more money 
and attention is paid to 

personnel recruitment than to 
staff development 
Having made what 
amounts to a considerable 
investment in time and 
•money in selecting the right 
staff, organizations seem 
reluctant to spend that bit 
more lo retain jhero. Surely 
this is a false economy. 

To make matters worse, in 
the face of national staff 
shortages, many employers 
continue to attempt to find 
new recruits who possess the 
very latest skills — when those 
in place would welcome the 
opportunity' to advance by 
acquiring these skills. 

The key to retaining staff, in 
what promises still to be a 
very competitive job market, 
lies in training. Yet the ev- 
idence is that, in what is 
probably our fastest develop- 
ing technology, the amount of 
training being undertaken is 
grossly inadequate. 

Trends at the moment in- 
dicate that the greatest de- 
mand for training is in fourth 
generation languages, fol- 
lowed by database systems 
and experience of C1CS — 
IBM's online product. 

But these cannot be re- 

Managers, as well 
as keeping their 
eyes on salaries 
and benefits, have 
to stay in touch 
with trends, and 
aspirations of staff 

garded as the only subjects of 

Areas like communications 
— in particular networking — 
expert systems and feult tol- 
erance are assuming prater 

Data processing managers, 
as well as keeping their eyes on 
the going rales in salaries and 
benefits, have to stay in touch 
with industry trends and the 
aspirations of their staff. 

But, on a five-year horizon, 
it wou id appear that computer 
professionals’ own plans are 
very much under-defined. 

Whatever they do - 
broadening their experience is 
their paramount aim, and if 
they do not leant new skills 
with their present employer, 
they will change jobs to do so. 
Anthony Ldmbie is group 
marketing director of the 
Computer People Group. 

Changing job: the main reasons 

{includes multiple responses) 

Tja Sourer. Compete People 15*6 -w 

■H C3 Permanent staff 

fa | w □ Contract 

” More j Promotion ] Pe 
experience ciicw 

More money Redundancy 




Econocom pioneers 
new type of firm 

. 5 
. Jt '•* 



JBy Frank Brown. . 

In ten years time, virtually all 
computer hardware and soft- 
ware packages will be sold 
through distributors. So pre- 
dicts Jean-Louis Bouchard, 
chairman of the Econocom 
Group, who has pioneered a 
new type of company, the 
computer distribution financ- 
ing and services house. 

An international group 
whose revenues have grown 
from $50 million to $ 500 
million in the last two years, 
Econocom is a computer leas- 
ing company which has broad- 
ened its activities into 
distribution and other ser- 

I! now employs a thousand 
people, has offices in 60 cities 
in the US. Canada, and H . 
European countries, including 
the UK, and has recently- 
formed a subsidiary in Japan. 

Mr Bouchmd attributes the 
growth of bis companies to 
diversifying the group’s activ- 
ities into related computer 
services. “Leasing Is not 
enough, the customer wants ■ 
fan service” he says. . . 

An w-fBM man, Jean- 
Louts Bouchard entered the 
computer leasing business in 
1974, when he formed the 
French company ECS to deal 
m IBM computers and 
peripherals. In . 1981, he 
bunched ECS; International 
which brought together simi- 
lar companies operating" !? 
other European countries. 

Two years later, he sokia 
majority shareholding in ECS 
France to the French .bank 
Societe Geadrale which teter 
acquired the remainder of the 
ECS France share capital. 

- Econocom has now sei.up a. 
product evaluation centre; m 
Brussels which selects com- , 
puter products from around 

the world and tests them. If 
they are found to be superior, ] 
says the - company, it will 
market them worldwide. 

Sp far ft distributes a variety 
of personal computers, me- 
dium size computers, 
peripherals and software pack- 

Currently the split in busi- 
ness- is around 70 per cent 
leasing and 30 per cent ser- 
vices in most of the countries 
in which the Group opaares. 

. “The market is so big that 
the problem is. growth,” says 
Mr Bouchard. Problems asso- 
ciated with rapid growth have 
afflicted the group's UK/tom- 
pany which, in addition to 
IBM equipment, supplies 
products mom other mannfec- 
turers, including ICL, -Data 
General and Hewlett-Packard. 

Based at Richmond, Suhey, 
it has Qver 400 customers and 
a turnover of £25 million.. Its 
equity capital was only 
£250,000 however. This has 
recently been increased to 
around £2 million. In addi- 
tion, Bertrand Bouchard, Jean 
Louis’s brother, and former 
Peat Marwick consultant, has 
been appointed managing 
director to reorganize ft. 

The extii capital . wH! bp 
used to expand sendees 
through acquisition, of soft- 
ware assets, companies and 
people, Bouchard says.- \ 

Earlier this month share 
participations in the various 
Econocom companies were 
consolidated into a holding 
company, Econocom Inter*, 
national BV, based in Amster- 
dam, with aa initial equity of 
$75 million, . . . 

Shareholders include the 
French -.Total group, 

Compagnie Financkcre (Ed- 
mond de Rothschild), and 
Basque ParisBas. Econocom’s 
management- expect To in-, 
crease the equity ofrhe.frold*- 
iug : company to $100 miffidn 
bylJteeqdofihe year. - 



C—wcOw ef Sb brant and mast • 


£16 tn E25K 

l UMai 

J^ ^ ^ Cana^MtiawspoB^t«ltiii a i iwr^ .l»»»at M ^wM>iPWS.TPWSMaiit»iWart^ 
«lW^^aeoa»aratfmmML Tfa poston «to aobfe mote fAoottoatf tanQMtiictafe 





r i MT A tW nwasaM hatnetat iaa>)tt« awatac * tawC a < fnaaeM mawaanent. 

Progr*™»H5 through to Angsts to wort m soon teams dnekwng new honed vipfcatftons ana 
own# «*wg srmrn on *> BU nantrami At Hw num sour ImI there urt afto be torn fearing. 
. Cra wt Ho: Amman d> 2 yen npensn tan a commenaal u tuanent background. At Programmer level 
wSHSol Soanr art Miner «s asm * mi Gam aeng an mntapt. Steroms Autos «xrfarmMun 
? M,S ■**»«* rt systems mtyss. Mwer rapenence « tha level a not esaitaL but «ouU be a 

mwmumn. mg mm m m "bra «e»r » oocoata or Ogb Siwiy ant Uauper c wot Cdnk neng ar romooe. 

JMmpfcThfa : pnihea «oM iA chAHh mUn b bhm im caasAsn and wnd tha* uar/dbai ^ jj— * ap a we t rt systems mt/ss. Mwer eanenaoce rt o«a & 

amaw no in b tat imwin n art ante. These pasftons w# t* rtpanedat ne^st b Mpfiwes utwse « 



TO 2UM0 


. «SroJ 8 fcaWi^ !l5< ^ T> 

roenence ts hnntd b Soerry The 

Stag rt me arts some* 

REF TF 2430 


n a8 aspects or ntpiuuraf and 
Hoe BM TANDEM. ICL etc. 
tas rt earauw systems daKbro- 

art be an 



any s rttwHi mdowg the usual banMnfl txnettt B£F TD 2290 

★★★★★★★★ SALES ★★★★★★★★ 




J Ugaililg Tl** Nrty royected mtunmon^ software nouropKMaes a ewct Btfg n a w PorgPho rt JDrtaabon 
sESSrenaaadg « fee Otmt opeoang syoan for 06 BM pf aad noOBOHes. Tney also pronle tnbwg and 


Ogromtf fortfw 

.'REE XS 1874 

Bjoro meet Be B«H 

rt » nuMer rt ahttonal fags mu 

'on al neatl to be tjresentabfc and 
s mst have a sound hrawtedpe rt 
[ al staeansBiel database and wrt 

are otlerod. The e a rate 
mare rtusoy today 


★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ SALES ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ 






40J80 0TE 

^tarca h^rt^ qronawealhni ndgrtte, 

to WBR 

MAS ta SM m BtMBSoe pkn, a ninber rt Ugh aant antoaeMl Aeeautt Itaaure art Srtes 
B5m nawnpeML Ttwrtw adJ be to devekv iw buaM» pfflte»atrt}> ImSrraxam. 

btaeess and tanefinu tnqre actants. 

fiMOkM cnrtMlamBsnttan, arttlcartat intMrt eaologi ant tBrtsUe ogpcnnlBnteadHnor- 

^ rt ,!te WBgm nemsna hju performance 38 M 

: CAO/&M nttmrtptee bag fen id a mow rt openogs In aland pflHesmate. 

^bm^Shm an ^ BeB WrtBM iwga rtiwrai »g^B op ja® 


8£f THY am 

amanoro nltbree yara suxgartrt sag 
retted naftatpws Wntoty « apcuB 

r»K mgo s aa ca ms tnn at ncctojees. B von nodi 
y™»^Ufa| Hi^aia«ueVPtfcwtoi5chaM 
wbmttd Mh peg far raw paces tawpaota the 

6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London WIZ 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 hoars) 



Evening numbers 
01-748 9(394 
01-850 I860 

H you do ml see a portion But is 
kSeatiy sufced te you. please call as 
we bsve lauod stctsUe positioas for 
prensts caodidalss wUbib 2 weeks 
Bf ttau costacflnfl ns. Call our sales 
team today, we mfl eadeawor to Rati 
wni fee ngH J0BI 
Retarafcg to Rdtahi? 

We are spsosllsls in assteSity Irt- 
ish «?lit»f3ls weftog overseas and 
wishing to return to fee UK. 




















at I 










by r 
on tl 
wha 1 
the j 
and i 






a v 











in the 
of i 


the £ 







* 2 * 


ny h 





1066 / 





■A cc 
•439 « 
Ml 24 

eel N 


-54 H 

■ Tka 


,C5 B> 


£ «S 

IBS ' 

■wi c 

.45 rv 









tan i 


The fat salaries awaiting the new computer engineers 

Despite the current financial 
fever fuelled by Big Bang, the 
laments about foreign imports 
and fears about the demise of 
Britain's manufacturing base 
— we are still an industrial 
nation at heart. 

While it may have escape! 
the notice of many people in 
conventional areas of the 
computer industry, hundreds 
.of companies are going all-out 
to apply computer technology 
to manufacturing processes to 
boost industrial productivity. 

Here it is the engineers, not 
the computer departments, 
who are caning the industrial 
revolution tune, often without 
consulting their data process- 
ing colleagues. 

In electronics, where Britain 
is strong on the development 
of CAD systems for integrated 
circuits,. senior CAD software 
writers are already earning 
£30,000 or more a year. 

The computerization ap- 
proach in industry starts with 
computer-aided design (CAD) 
and computer-aided manufac- 
turing (CAM), leading to ad- 
vanced manufacturing 
technology (AMT), robotics 
and eventually complete 
integration of all computer 
systems involved in the busi- 
ness processes of manufac- 

This latter stags, which 
companies are moving to- 
wards, is known as CTM 



By Eddie Conlter 

As a result, data processing 
department salaries which are 
very sluggish in the engineer- 
ing sector in comparison to, 
say, finance, have not been 
reflecting what is really 
happening in manufacturing. 

The people who take the 
lead in such skills will be in 
great demand. That means 
well paid. Already, according 
to a recent survey by inter- 
national high-tech recruit- 
ment consultants Kramer 
Westfield, salaries for people 
involved in CAD/CAM are 
outpacing other sectors like 

ng). One of the keys of 
CTM will be the ability to 
respond quickly to require- 
ments to mass produce small- 
er quantities of variable 
products designed to customer 

Without doubt QM does, 
and increasingly will, demand 
knowledgable people with 
both engineering and com- 
puter experience. As the final 
advance stages of CIM come 
together, it will mean integra- 
tion of conventional commer- 
cial data processing activities 
with design, manufacturing, 
marketing, stock control, fi- 
nance and production. 

Expenditure on applica- 
tions of CIM — from main - 
frames to robots - are forecast 

Interior design student Mary Ryu at Teeside P oly technics is one of the arts graduates 
getting to grips with the Tendon PCA 40 IBM-PC-compatibfe utiaocompnters in the 

CAD/CAM laboratories 

to reach some £8,000 million 
in Europe this year. -By 1990 
that figure will be more than 
£20,000 mfltion. 

Management services strat- 
egists will be essential to plot 
firms' overall requirements. - 
Data communications special- 
ists will have to match com- 

pany co mm e r c ia l net working 
needs with factory floor 

WHnmimfcBtfo n ? mnng an 

open system rater-connection 
approach and MAP (Manu- 
facturing Aut omation Proto- 

MAP is the Genoa! Motors 
proposed standard to link 

di ffe r ent sugpfiers’ factory 
systems to each other. 

Database skills wifi also be 
needed as central corp or ate 
databases wifi , interact with 
design application, engineer- 
ing, manufacturing and 

“At the moment there are 

only a handful of top 
who can 
stand the mi 
design methodology,’ 

John Wright* manager of 
CADCAM recruitment at 
Kramer- Westfield. 

“Mostly they are electronics 
engineers, probably with two' 
de gre e s , five years or more in 
design engineering an- 
other five years in a large 
company using state of the ait . 
computer languages such as C 

or Pascal, and defining soft- 
ware tods. Directorships and 
£60,000 salaries are being 

'/ ■ offered to such people.” 

The leading US-dommaifed . 
setters of CADCAM systems 
have recruiled many an en- 
gineer -.into-, sales mid sales 

support roles in the UK, with 

sanities up to £40,000. Now 
they are looking Tot wider 
areas of exp ert iz e from both 
the engineering and computer 

While much of the original 
development work on CAE 
(Computer Aided Engineer- 
ing) systems has been carried 
out in the US; recognition of 
Britain's strengths and ability 
to understand technology,, is 
enc o u ra g in g firms to ext e nd 
development work to the UIS- ■ 

company’s Medusa system 
was developed here. 

With CADCAM and _ CAE 
systems, much of the decision- 
making appears to be in the 
h»pfa of engineers. Certainly 
it is they who specify the 
.software applications, al- 
though d*ta processing man- 
agers. are increasingly 
becoming involved in hard- 
ware selection. 

The differ ent departments 
■ Ip mamifitfiiiriiw companies 
nnist learn to understand each 

efther mere, says McDonnell 

the company who, according 
to tire US Anderson Report on 
CADCAM and OM, wifi be 

r-MBiiageis must 
learn technology 

ihe leader in the OM area, 
integrating systems on IBM, 
D EC and Data General 

“Until now, 
pie have been separate 
engineering and design 
people,” says David Hughes, 
UK head of m anu facturing, 
engmeeriBg and architectural 

.systems for McDonnell Doug- 
h is. “Tbey don't understand 

Computer Vision, one ma- 
jor US seller, has for example 
based its worldwide CAD 


When it comes to A level exams, 

Ihndon passes with flying colours. 

We have four computers in our 
class of IBM AT compatible 
systems— that’s twice as many as 
most of our competitors. 

And as you would expect from 
Tkndon, all models offer you a 
choice of green or amber 
monochrome screens or the option 
of a crisp colour display. 

That’s the kind of attention to 
detail you would expect from one of 
the world’s longest established 
computer companies. 

We’ve been in the computer 
manufacturing business for over 
ten years. In fact, it may surprise 
you to learn that the vast majority 
of installed IBM PCs are fitted with 
Tkndon disk drives. 

And its because we manufacture 
more of the components for our 
computers that we can offer such 
value for money prices. 

Typically, Thndon PCs are priced 
around 40% below the equivalent 
offering from IBM. 

And whether its our 4 A level 
computers that interest you or our 
3 PCX systems, all are IBM 

oo^tarx^i Business Machines Corporation Prices quoted are recommended retail prices occluding VAT Colour monitor » 

So you have immediate access to 
the world's largest library of 
business software. 

And to set you on the right course 
with your Thndon computer, we’re 
offering you a free copy of the 
Thndon in Action Software Guide -a 
44-page prospectus packed full of 
detailed information about today’s 
powerful software packages. 

Tb learn how your business can 
benefit from Thndon’s A level 
successes, send off the coupon or 
call Thndon. Isn’t it time you added 
some Thndon A levels to your PC 

@0527 46800. 

I need to enrol wrftta TSxzdoa. Please 
scad me the thndon information ’ 
pack and my free software pro sp ectus 
The Headmaster. Tfendim Computer (UK] 
lAd.. Freepost. Reddltch.^7 4BR. 


Po si t ion 




Nature of Business 


more micro. 

each other, but the need for 

Integra firm jj -puHagg thwri 


“CJM wifi require, people 
with, good inter-personal and 
communications skills, depth 
industry know- 
and computing aware- 
ness. However, the 
fundamental issue," says 
David Hughes, “is in top 
industry management. They 
have to educate themselves 
and their management in CIM 


CIM wifi involve every 
aspect of manufocuning in- 
dustry, but importantly, it 
seems, that the new breed of 
manufacturing technol 
specialist wifi require 
engineering and computer 
training. • 

This feet is already befog 
reecognized by the educa- 

tional establishments 
Cnmfidd Institute of Tech- 
nology, for example, runs a 
wide range of courses from 
introductory courses for de- 
signers and engineers to inten- 
sive courses for. managers and 

Many polytechnics from 
London to Coventry and Pais- 
ley in Scotland are running 
course on CADMAN, CIM 
and robotics, while a number 
of univositiea mch as War- 
wide and Brand are gaining a 
reputation for turning out 
engineers with a. thorough 
nndestanding of mBaaSap- 

turfog technology. 

US call s 
for strong 

From Clyde Farn s wort h 
m Washington 

The eariy e xp e rie nce under 
the three month okl agree- 
ment b etween the US and J 
ja pwi to protect Ame rican 

semiconductor manufacturers 

has been one of “outright 
violations” by Japanese com- 
panies, the Semiconductor In- 
dustry Association said last 

It says that if corrective _ 
action was not taken by 
November 15, the trade group 
would recommend “addi- 
tional action” for the US 
govenmKflCL A spokeman for 
the association said this would 
include the imposition of 
pmritrve duties aga inst ye- 
rife Japanese chip suppl i ers ■ 
to the US. 

The industry’s . political' 
dout and position as the 
leading edge of American high . 
technology give the warning a 
special impact It was the 
association's petition in 1985 
that spurred the negotiations 
that led to the agreement. 

The thrust of the industry 
association's c om pla in t was 
that foe J apane se companies 


( CHIPS ) 

were setting in markets out- 
side the United States at below 
agreed pricing levels. 

A spokesman for foe associ- 
ation said these sales were 
place in Europe and the 
rest of the world. "It appears 
that die Japanese do not 
regard themselves bound by 
foe agreemeD? 1 he said. 

The accord has already 
come under attack from the 
EEC ami from certain 
users, indndmg computer j 
dectronics companies, in the 

Initially, fair market, values 
were set so h«h that the 
Americm Electronic s Assod- 
ting one of die 
of users, 
to American trade 


In addition, foe EEC said 
last, month that it had 
req ue ued consultations under 
foe General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade to protest 
about foe accord. 

The Europeans said they- 
feared that the arrangement 
would arbitrarily raise chip 
prices and give American 
companies privileged access 
to the Japanese market. . 

! * ?! 

r 4 ! 

I* '*■' 

r— ■ 

Desktop smile that 
reaches for miles 

Datapoint has announced a 
video conftnmtiiig computer 
— a pioneering effort made in 
the hope- that xt wffl lead many 
companies towards the 
integration of voice, data and 
video communicatiotr via. a 
machine on the desktop. 

It is (ssentially a desktop 
computer based around the 

used in IBM's AT personal 
computer, with foe addition of 
a buih-in video camera, sm all 
video monitor, and specialist, 
networking hardware and 
software that allows it to 
“broadcast” 'pictures, sound 
and information. 

.Using this system, you 
should be able to conduct a 
free to free meeting with 
someone in another city — 
with the internal video camera 
in your machine trained on 
ti — whfle reviewing figures 
m a financial spreadsheet 
model and then use foe system 
to send a confi rming telex. 

_ The video conferencin g por- 
tion of the system can be used ; 

along a local area network; via 
a long-range fink or via a 
s at effile hook-up- It is a foil 
motion system which e limi- 
nates tiie jerky frame-by- 
frame movement used in 
some systems to try and get 
foe price down in an area that 
is stfll expensive. 

Datapoint say that the abil- 
ity to switch between video- 
conference mode and 
computer mode at foe flick of 
a switch, wffl pavetheway for 
conferences which refer. to 
large volumes of common 
data being held entirely on- 
Kny ' 

Another version of the sys- 
tem ' known as multip oint 
conferencing — wffl. allow a 
number of participants, in a 
another via automatic video 
switching — the cameraim- 
mediatdy switches to who 
ever is ^peaking. • 

. Datapoint has also an- 
nounced that it is to sell 
workstations using the ad- 
vanced Intel 80386 computer 
processing chip by next year. 

' j. 

i * 



! * 
1 a 


Compaq Portable '256k RAM, 2 360k 
drives, dual-mode display, £1250. Special 
offer on foe new smaller Portable II model 

^T esgar 640k RAM, 

lOmh hard disk. 360k A. Ir 

“* ” Hea* phone for Morse 

Phia, Deakpro and Deakpro 286prodoct^ 


prices on the 



on PC1512 include ' 

‘ 1512 • Supercalc 3 • SAGE 

ACCOUNTS • DOS and GEM • Reflex • Barefoot 
Engineer • Choosing an Accounts program; ' 

01 828 9000 

- Ask for Henrietta Wathen . . ' . ’ : . . J 




% s 
c - 

h * - *. 

KX, -■ 

■ » 

s ►- 

A guide to 
job opportunities 


~ r . ” 

'■ 1 

ism at work 

Asked what the British Coancfl does. 
way people will remember "Oh, didK 

"r -- '3-J 

-- ^ 

- - l “ T f. 


. ' V 

: ^ O 1 

cdubitiOD in Washington last year?” 
Indeed, the Council was responsible for 
the secant and transport of aS the 
i . exhibits and organised a huge airlift 
- across the Atlantic. The result? All 
attendance records at Washington’s Na- 
* tional Gallery of An were broken. 

( * But exporting Britain's cultural her- 

!«' iJagcis only one of the CoundTs -varied 
? activities. It is increasingly involved in 
^ toe administration of aid to devdrming 

i countries, often for educati onal dewjop- 
rgment Its aims are “to promote an 
j -Teadming understanding and apprccia- 
l tion of Britain in other countries through 

cultural, educational and tanhnka l co- 

' ’ Activities include arran g in g tr aining 

ii programmes, specialist conrses^md 
f study visits in Britain; supplying British. 
U specialists for conferences, courses, 

? .mncnltflflrin! and nttin- mnaluwMiw 

t projects overseas and ncmitiqg British 
■ teachers for posts overseas. In addit i on 
j. to supplying information about Britain 
f through British Council libraries over- 
4 seas; the presenting of books and 
advising on book selection; teaching the 
It English language overseas; presenting 
i overseas British art, musk:, Hanry? t drama 
S? and films; financing youth exchanges; 
$ : — 

Exporting Britain’s culture 
isonly onepartoftbejob 

. !;^s : — 

- * Exporting Britain’s culture 
■-1^ is only one part of the job 

" 1 

• L&g** - and . helping to develop Knfa between 
constitutions ofteaching and res e arch 
r twinnrngs between towns and regions. 
UllpO One can only give a few illustrations of 

the scope of the CounaTs wort At 
v r _ home, one member of staff may be 
"■ reennting staff for a university in Saudi 

' ■' > Arabia white: Council representatives 

overseas are engaged m providing advice 

.■y^kasfe to people of otter nationalities who want 
to study in Britain. 

” This has been done on an ad hoc basis 

‘ S for many years, but recently the Council 
*-• d-ajr has set up educational counseling 
•"'•••c- ^ services in Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong 
j; ■ and Singapore. These are very popular. 
In Kuala Lumpur, for instance, between 

- ._ * s 40 and 60 people a day complete the 

forms which will start thorn on the 
’ ““ssj; counselling service. 

■■ The Council's earnings have readied 

- nearly £50 millio n a year and one of its . 

most profitable activities is Engtisk 
. ; - language teaching. In 33 countries, 

thousands of people make their way to" 
the CbunriTs 50 Direct. Teaching of 
English Centres., These are staffed 
. mamly by UKcontracted-teachers. 

The Council also acts on behalf of 
v *‘“-* s - Overseas Development Administration, 
in toe recruitment of senior staff far the 
lie: Key English Language Teaching Scheme 
- ■■ i r : g (KELT) — a programme in fioipaxt of; 

■ Epglish lan guag e teaching in toe ■ 

css developing countries. . 

■ sr'viia Requests for hdp come from all over 
... • . - toe world. Recently, toe Council signed 

; C2g 
• • --■-'Mi* 

! - *’«: a 

' cssa 


■' ' - : a! 

• • ^'^322 

: '.vj - a 

. The scope of British 
Council activities is vast 
and of considerable 
importance to the 
creation of mutual 
Joan LlewelynOwens 
looks at the prospects . 

faring a recruit 
to this organization 

an agreement with China Resources 
HoIHlIHK fthe Hath, IT am 

- arm of toe Chinese Ministry ofTrade) to 
provide langna g c Ten rfimg m Hong Kong 
'for 26 of their managers, who would be - 
posed later throughout the SouthrEast 
Asian and Pacific region. 

■' Training arranged is not solely in 
Engl is h lan g u a ge teaching During toe 
year, the Council won ten new education 
contracts worth nearly £7 million, 
including a training parage for China's 
Karamay oil project. Assistance is to be 
given in devising courses for toe en- 
gineering workers’ training centre. 

A specialist team from Inverness 
College ofTechmeal and Further Educa- 
tion will design and produce materials 
for advanced courses, and teachers from 
the Karamay training centre wiS visit 
Inverness before the new courseware 

To organise all these activities, the 
Council employs 4,000 staff of whom 
2 t S00 work overseas, in 82 countries, 
from Algeria to Zimbabwe. For most of 
these staff it is a second career. 
Recruitment to the home and overseas 
careers services is a separate exercise, 
and there is often not a transfer from the 
home to the overseas service, though 
many of the most 1 * senior posts at 
headquarters are held by staff from the 
overseas career service. 

Headquarters staff provide con- 
sultancy and resource services, adnrin- 
. istering programmes of training or study 
for people who come to this country 
from overseas; providing personnel and 
other services to support the work in 
Britain and abroad; and managing toe 
CbunriTs financial resources. 

It is they who recruit tewtoezs for 
overseas and arrange visas for British* 
educated children to join their parents in 
Saudi Arabia for the Christmas holidays. 
And when toe London . Festival Ballet 
tours toe Soviet Union or a Turner 
exhibition Is mounted in Japan, they do 
tiie groundwork. " 

. Tor toe home career service, can*, 
didates need a degree and at feast two 
year* relevant work experience, usually 
in teaching, librariansfaip or social work. .. 

They are recruited not for a specific job, 
but as general administrators, and this 
ability has to be demonstrated during 
selection tests, which include drafting a 
tricky letter and handling a file deahng 
with specific problems. 

For toe overseas career service, can- 
didates should have a good first degree 
followed by a postgraduate qualification 
and three years' working experience in a 
field relevant to the Council's activities, 
such as administration, accountancy, the 
arts, English teaching, library and 
information - work, publishing or re- 
search. Ideafly they should have overseas 
experience, perhaps with VSO, and be 
good at languages. 

Complete mobility is essential. Mem- 
bers of the OCS usually spend about 60 
per cent of their careers overseas. 
William Wood, now head of recruit- 
ment, went from a first post in Madras, 
India to Norway, then on secondment to 
the EEC in Brussels, and after that 


Sudan, taking his wife and baby with 


This was a new office, in an area where 
there is no telephone, no postal service, 
and almost civil war between the 
Northern and the Southern Sudanese. 
Only when the generator in their 
bungalow worked did they have etectric- 
' ity. He had taken candles for emer- 

Complete mobility is a 
an important prerequisite 

gencies, but the dimate was so hot that 
they wouldn't stand upright Imported 
Chinese hurricane lamps were toe 

From there he returned temporarily to 
to Bombay. In his absence, India had 
advanced and the Council's work 
changed with h. Most was now develop- 
ment work. About 11,000 Indians came 
to Britain every year under ODA 
schemes for technical training. - 

For the fotseeabte future, the Council 
hopes to recruit annually between 20 and 
30 to each of the home and overseas 
services. There is continuous recruit- 
ment of Grade H administrative staff 
with A fevds. Pay is not High. The OCS 
start at Grade F at about £10,000 (with 
certain .overseas allowances and benefits 
comparable with those of an officer in 
the Diplomatic Service.) The HCS start 
at Grade G at about £7,900. Neverthe- 
less,' numbers of people have beat 
known to take considerable rifts in salary 
when joining, because the CounriTs aims 
appeal to their sense of idealism. 

“I work with the Council,'' says 
William Wood, “because I think it is 
valuable to create mutual understanding, 
forge links and build bridges between 

A booklet . on recruitment . may be 
obtained from Personnel Division (Staff 
Recruitment), British Council, 65 Danes 
Street. London, WJY 2AA. 


SALARY: £13,116 - £14,121 p.a. 
(including £1,362 London Weighting) 

To assist the Deputy Director of Finance, Admin and Legal 
Services & Soficitor and Principal SoficitDr in discharging the 
department's functions which include planning, conveyancing, 
Btigation and advising other departments on legal matters. The 
major part erf the posthoWer's duties wiB be the conduct of 
planning appeals and commercial development work. 

Applicants should, ideally, be practising Solicitors; however, 
consideration wifi be given to Fellows of the Institute of Legal 
Executives with the relevant experience. Considerable previous 
experience in the Legal Department of a pubhc sector 
organisation would be an advantage. 

The post is per m anen t and superannuate and conditions of 
service include Luncheon Vouchers to the value of £30 monthly. 
Accident and Life Assurance and relocation expenses where 

Further details and applications forms available from and to be 
returned tK- 

Dkector of Finance, Admin & Legal Services (Ref L10), 
Commission for the New Towns, Glen House, Stag Place, 
Victoria, London SW1E 5AJ Tel: 01-828 7722 Ext 319 
Closing date: 17th November 1986. 

Finance Services Department 


Grade 6 - £9, 738-El 0,389 inclusive p.a. 

The successful a p p fca nt wffl join a smaB team within the Finance 
Directorate dealing mainly with cash management and insurance. 

The position offers the opportunity to gain valuable experience In 
loans, insurance and other interesting work areas. Much of the 1 
work is undertaken on e main-frame computer and each office is 
equipped with a micro-computer. 

Facilities wffl be offered for studying and existing arrangements 
leading to an accountancy qualification wffl be honoured. 

Housing accom m odation may be avaBabta. 

National Joint Councfl Conditions of Service apply and the post is 

Applications are welcome from anyone irrespective of their sex, 
marital status, race, refigfon or colour. 

Job De sc ript io n and Appficatkxi Forma available from the 
Pe rso nne l DMsk>a, 92 Hatfield Road, St Albans to whom they 
should be returned by 14 November 198& 

aid PC levels is presently underaay:^ The 


.■f l Jl-a.M. 

The National Radiok^caTProtiecrion Board 
teviteaappUctfiansfir^aqpeitenccd *' 
saentise for ihcpostoTOirecroc. which 
becomes available In July 1987. . 

TbeBoard isa statutory body whose 
functions include applied research and 
assessments in the field of radiological 
protection, the provision oif advice.apd - 
services io Goveriunentand others with 
tesponsib&itfesfbmdi&Eion protection and 
Information for' toepiitdia The idporalb fllt ies 
cover both tonisiogand non- ionising 
electromagnetic radiations. 

The Board has astaffof some 300 persons 

basedatittheadqnartersaiChfltonhi - 
Oxfordshire and its laboratories in Leedsand: - 

The Director is expected to provide the 
scientific leadership qf foe staff and to maintain 
the BoaKfs reputattonas an aurtwrfoaive point 
of reference; bom at bo roe and abroad. 
Caadk totesJhoiiid already have a considerable 
personal reputation in one of the Bekfe . 
involved in radiological protection, with a 
demonstrated capaaty to manage both the . 

scientific and comincrcial aspects of a mediam- 

sized institution. Tbc appropriate 
qualifications and professional experience are 
likely to have been gained in the Adds of 

physical, biologicai Or medicai sciences. 

The salary will depend do the qualifications ■ 
and experience of the successful candidate, but 

wifi not be less than the BoartTs equivalent of 
the minimum of Qvil ScrviceGrade 3- . 


appropriate rel ev an t experience together with 
tbe names of two referees, should be addressed 
to cbe Chairman, Ttortoml Radiological 
protection Board, Chilton, pidcot,Oxon. 

0X11 ORQ,»arrivebytoe3«lDectanberlS>86, 


AAnpoitc&tn am constiwerf on o» d«ps or 
thmrsu&Otytarttnfi»tnestXKtiyaot . 
Oirabksnvni. rac*. sn* or mMiul suttia. 


Salary package up to £15,279 

*Lump sum car aflowance 

* Group tife tnsurance 

-* Temporary accommodation consktored 

* Appropriate re-locatfon. expenses 
where applicable 

EMrepranMirUI Pair, creaHvtty and personal commitment 

Senior Legal 

Promotiaiis Managsr for a higWy nuOntad leisure 
OWison. : - . 

As a ksy member of a progressive team committed to 
developing new k)A8S and . achieving rasuUs, your 
atms and rinemes organising specW events, a ouliural 
fasttvaL carnivals and a major outdoor show; also over- 
seeing the marketing and putffcay fonettop of 
UHan DhnskML to OTffloo, the development of a fufl 

jgxxi ao r sb kipnografPfne. 

AppUcsnls must dodosa . If rotated -to atqr member or 
Mntori official of the .Count*.. 

pfense aand cv wife faB wreer detefc and axMriMce, 
wMh tea wm of two referees tea. Brian Wor- 
CftafLofrwe Officer, 


AND R l 



Tha postfioiaer w» be expected to research, plan 
end hnptement a production centre tor people wftfi 

Experience in market research, marketing, financial 
management and soimd organisational state 

People with dteabifttes are encouraged to apply- 
Salary scafai S02 Pt 32. 

men ftdUM. Baytal Iktadi Deck. CMWfflN M, 
Loadm £16 2AIL 

For further in formation telephone Sue Craig: 
' 01-611 7403. doting data for applications: 12m 
Noventoer, 1988. 




Qrca £24^000 + Essen&d User Lump Sum 
Car Allowance £1,983 p jo. 

MaiOstona is tfia County Tbwn of Kant and in common 
with other towns In Kant and M25 areas is planning to 
adapt to a period of change brought about by various 
factors of which the Channel Tunnel project is perhaps 
the most significant 

We seek to appoint a Chief Officer, who has proven 
managerial experience and extensive professional 
tieffls. to be the Corners principal adviser an an plan- 
ntng matters. The person appointed wfl be an innovator 
who can effadiwiy manage phange whilst ensuring 
imptementation otpofcy and a Wgh standard of service 

The Department has recently been reviewed and 
changas are envisaged to Improve the effectiveness of 
the planning function. These developments require a 
person of considerable abiiy who w* ensure the 
Department ts geared towards meeting the significant 
chalengas which face it in the next decade and beyond. 

The Department is responsfifle tor Development 
Control. Bidding Control and Forward Planning and 
new technology wffl increasingly be used to improve 
efficiency. The Dep a rtment employs 56 people. 

The Chief Officer post wS serve on toe Management 
Team and w(H take a fuQ role In toe corporate manage- 
ment at the Council’s affairs. 

Appficents. who should hold fid membership of R7Pf 
and preferably an adtffltonal management q t MBficetlnn . 
are expected to be in the age range of 35-45. The job Is 
located to an area with exceffem fecfllttes and both toe 
South Ooest and rural Kent are within easy reach. A 
generous relocation scheme operates. 

Further I nf orma ti on Is aveBtible bom the Per so nn el 
OfSeer. Appfients ere Invited to make a s ub m issi on 
to their own style and ratom It to Pat W Wnt on. 
Personnel Officer, 13 Tortinidge Road, Mai dst one, by 
19 Nov em ber 1866. 


nymgyancyig and contractual ^exldoed The ra ma y rist- ■ r 
an oooortoriity to take on ether general tagaiwxxk. 
^pficaras should be capPti* f ^ sorting wider pressure 
witottetnfnimumrfsupandaawtitieheti dlri ^ 
nwmberBoftoaltdiiaitoOllflgtiBccqdiv es . ... 

EttcfWx condWon* of service indude. In appropneeceaes 
lOW nmwvri costs 

£3OOsenfin0HntitowBO» • 

aODOor % Mwmnttetma. of prti wn«w, 

expenaes incurred when boyinfl and scSfi^ 

Qencious Cor Leon Scheme 
Rexj-nme - 

A^pficntion foam end job 
d eujii ptions w kaHr 
from to u Per e on h ti^ 
Depenmaac CMc Centre. 
Tannery Lane. AeWonL tort. 
Tib ( 0233 ) 373 « ***** 
407. . 

n p tfr q dMaam Now a ia t ur . • - 





souaroprs db>artment 


Grads: P06 Salary: £16.776^17.916 

fiaeatun an imtisd tor fab ggportatf newh H sta feti cd 
flnrd Mr post in the MmM s Mta i Division of toe County 
Seceitaiy and Solicitor's Department Tlte Avaion. wHdi 
norfcs very doseV mtti toe Lag* Dfvsioa is response tar. 
servicing uh Counhr Councfl, its Convnittees, SuW^ontmtaeas 
®d Parties, and tar the provision rtrtous cemraJ 
semes {Central typing, fefepfnros, isoepfon M. The 
paiiolffef mil rtprasert toe Coorty Secretary »d Sofotw it 
meettags of seven! &»an4faes/biit>-C4yra^ and other 

witilnduds Sw djy-ttHiay mataaemert of toe 
Dnsskw ant the review of office przctics/pfDcedures wffli 
padKabi retemce to now terioniogy. 

The successful candWaffi should be h1*j to demonstrate safo- 
BanM ad HW tgr a ttw experience a a sato level in a pubic 
ariwify tod pefenbty possess a legal or other relevant 

For » htoronl fecusstao ptase Mone te R mkanm. 
Chief Asattrt Secratay (iSfad 034) 228850. 

Appheaton lanns Bid lurttw particulars ve waBablo from the 
fruity Seaeffly end Sofctor. County HaB, Bcdfanf MK42 
aw (Teietftone Baffin (0234) 2288&1. 

Closing date 26 Number 1888. 

The Corod js a equal opporttrtty employer, and nricotnes 

mbtntnMwm^dsamaSi^ gramdisaUed 

persons asf ail cater sections ol tt* comoaffiy. 

hours, casual user car atownce, generous 
[location oipenses and tonporawlwKingiit 
appnpdate cases. Stating saaiy s negctiffile. 
AflpBcaticm farm and job desefytion fain fee 
Pm®isdAWsff,Sal3lnvD^wtC 'Mind, 
Bourne H9, S^uy, Wffls. 3dZ. 

Telephone (0722) 336272 extension 225. 

Date 12 Nowetrf>«- 1986. Please cpxte 
reference T6. 


Sunderiand Health Authority 

Chief Nursing 

Salary £20,495 - £25.955 

This is a key post in the Authority’s re- 
vised management structure. The post 
holder will exercise professional leader- 
ship and advisory roles in the 
devdopment of nursing standards, plan- 
ning and monitoring the use of nursing 
resources. The management of nurse edu- 
cation will be another key responsibility. 
The post holder will be the focal point for 
professional nursing advice to the Author- 
ity and its managers and wifi be a full 
member of the District Management Advi- 
sory Group. 

Sunderiand is already extensively involved 
in innovative developments in the field of 
nurse education and research. The suc- 
cessful applicant wiH demonstrate a 
strong commitment and a record of 
achievement in this field, together with 
wide experience of nursing management 
at a senior level and appropriate profes- 
sorial and managerial qualifications. 

For Information Pack and Application 
Form, please contact the District Person- 
nel Division, The Briars, District General 
Hospital, Kayfl Road, Sunderiand, SR4 

Tel. (0783) 656256 Ext 2369. 

Intending applicants are welcome to dis- 
cuss the post with Nk. P-L. Chubb, District 
General Manager. Ext. 2125/2404. 

Closing Date: 17th November 1986. 


are invited from candidates wftfi smt- 
qualiflcations and experience for a post 

Ureveisity s Central Administration. The 
men! is for a fixed term of five years from 1 
1987, or as soon as possWe thereafter. 

The post otters an opportunity to make a significant 
contribution to the devdopment and maintenance of 
computerised procedures in an the principal areas 
of the University's a dmin istrat io n, Inducting finance 
and academic records, and would be suitable for 
someone seeking to establish a firm base for a 
career in contouring or someone wishing to broaden 
experience of on-line integrated date processing 
systems with interactive computing. 

The successful applicant wiH be appointed, accord- 
ing to qualifications and experience, on the scale 
£7,055 - £10,865 (under review). 

For dei aa edin fo rii iati on about the vaewey and an 
appBc a tion form, ple as e write to tha R e gistrar 
Attments), University of Leicester, Le i c e ster, 
7RH. Com p let e d ap pfl ea fi o n s should be 
■teamed as soon aa possible end not Mar Ihan 1 
December 196& 




P0ID £12»690-£1 3,632 ind 

required to 13 tins chflfeftfng position fotowng the 
appoiram of the previous 
major national orpntsnoa 

You w* be principally msponshfe far the continuinQ 
dev fll o pmera dffilaspflcteofwn^fleraut^ardreiewre 


an advantage. The Aucfit Division has its own tenranai 
which is &nted to the CouxaTs IBM computer for Bwft 
P«P me. 

You wffl be expected to d em unm ae a. high tad of 
cornntmereandtemateasigdfitenci^ • 

minimum of supenistgn. Assistance with ap p rop ria te 
training roil be giwn. ■- 

AppEorion farm from Staffing Officer, Room 218. 
Kinignoniqnn Thanw. Sumy KTI 1EU. 

<Tvn 1 1 '777TD iTT 

B i aSwra 





































on I 

the _ 

and i 







La go 
B. V 
view t 
in the 
of ss 
he f. 
lad bi 
;iore i 

ny N 







riM » 

; inlO 
3 EXIT. 

me i 



4 CC 
■437 C 
Ml 24 
i«c> N 1 





» M 





JLJ b. 


iry C 
ret G 
4S M 








f on i 






The job of Director of Finance with a London 
Local Authority is a big challenge. Merton can 

offer you that challenge. 


THE DIRECTOR will contribute to the formulation of Council wide policies 
and assist in the overall management of the Council’s services. 

AS A MANAGER. THE DIRECTOR will direct, control and motivate a department 
of some 200 staff. 

the Chief Executive and fellow Directors regarding the financial implications of 
policies and be directly responsible for the formulation of processing of capital 
and revenue budgets totalling over £257m. per year. 

WE ACCEPT that these are considerable responsibilities and as a 
consequence we are offering a remuneration package which includes: - 
A SALARY RANGE OF £28,539 -£36£89 inducting Performance Related Pay 


For an informal discussion, please telephone the Chief Executive Mr. William 
McKee on 01-545 3332. 

For an information pack and application form, please telephone 
01-545 3369 or write to: 

The Chief Executive, London Borough of Merton, Crown House, 

London Road, Morden, Surrey, SM4 5DX. 

(Please mark envelope ‘Private- Appointment of Director of Finance'). 
Completed application forms must be returned to the Chief Executive by 

24th November, 1986. 



Menon is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 

AB applications will be considered on the* merits. 

National Health Service 

Sheffield Family Practitioner Committee 

Appointment of 


(Scale 29 £1<L354 rising to £2&652 currently 
rbe subject of negotiations in Whitley Coosa]) 
Applications are mimed for the post of Administrator Family 
PoctiMDCr Serrices whit* becomes v*cam oo Friwmary In 
1987 on ihe it tiit inw n of ibe present holder. 

The for die maim! and djnflim rf 

all ihe functions of the Family Praetrooncr Committee indndiug 
co-open non with ibe Medical. Dental, Pharmaceutical aad 
OptnhahaK professions for which ihe Ownm i n cc a responsible 
and for ihe planning of fouire sendees. The Gomminec is 
responsible directly U the Secretary of Sue. 

The area adnunisiered by the Sheffield F.P.C coincides with 
tbm of ihe Sheffield Metropolian Diana Comal and it is a one 
dinria Hcahh AWhorHy with a popufaiion of about 550001 
p r1 ~« 6»'i p|digaii>m farms should be sat as soon as poaahte 
in an nvelopt: matted Personal and Confidential wx 

The Chairman, 

Sheffield Family Practitioner Committee, 
Brindiffe House, 90 Osborne Road, 

November 17th 1986- It is ixumkd to interne* abort 
jt frff W /wp jtffrmfr m 24th & 25tk Noruabat, 1986. 
Re-location expenses tnO be pnid to the xucassfwt 
appGcamx as appropriate. 


is the professional body for people involved in management of health services. 
Key roles are the setting and maintenance of standards, programmes for 
professional qualification, management education and development, discussion 
and implementation of health care policy. Planned expansion of the Institute's 
activities requires four new senior Managers, accountable to the Director, for 
developing the range and quality of services. 

Managemen t 
Education and 

External Relations 

Business & 
Membership Services 

Project Development 

responsible for creating a 
career-long range of 
education and 
development programmes 
tor health service 
managers. Review of the 
Institute's professional 
qualifications and 
innovations in continuing 
education arc high 
priorities. Achievements 
in management 
development are essential; 
knowledge of health 
services would be 

in the form of media 
publishing and marketing, 
are crucial to the 
Institute's expanding role. 
The Manager must bring a 
professional businesslike, 
approach to existing 
activities and set up links 
between the Institute and 
other organisations. A " 
background in journalism, 
publishing, press or public 
relations and an interest in 
the public sector valuable. 

includes administrative 
and secretarial services to 
the Council and its major 
committees, and interna) 
finance and personnel 
services. Creating a wider 
range and higher level of 
membership services is the 
most important new 
initiative. Organisational, 
financial and 
' administrative skills are 
crucial as well as an 
imaginative approach to 
customer relations. 

will be an increasingly 
important part of the 
Institute. The post-holder 
will identify policy 
initiatives and create 
opportunities for testing 
out new models in health 
services planning and 
management, often 
through joint work with 
other organisations. 
Experience of health and 
social services will be 
helpful as will be 
demonstrated skills in 
policy analysis and project 

The posts will be based at the Institute's headquarters but wifi require frequent travel in the UJC. Salaries win 
not be less than £18,000 pa. Applications, with a curriculum vitae, and the names and addresses of two referees, 
should be marked Personal and Confidential and sent to Dr Maureen Dixon, Director, The Institute of Health 
Services Management. 75 Portland Place, London WIN 4AN, by 24 November, quoting Ref. RS20. 

Further information (please indicate which post(a) are of interest) from the Director who also welcomes in- 
formal discussions 01-580 5041. 



Senior Assistant 


Salary - £16.776-£17.916 
A new post of Senior Assistant Satiate* has been 
created, as pan of a recent review of the Senior 
Management Structure of the Department The job 
includes working closely with the County Secretary on 
Policy and Resources Committee and Central Admin- 
istration. and is therefore a rare opportunity for an 
ambitious young Solicitor with suitable experience to 
further his/her career at the highest levels in a major 
local Authority. 

Winchester is attractively faceted with: 

* Excellent sporting and cultural amenities. 

* Ready access fa coast and countryside. 

Relocation expenses up to £3,000 plus removal and 
disturbance allowances payable. 

The County Council pursues a policy of equality of 

Icome from 

opportunity. Applications particularly welcome 
people with disabilities. 

Further details and applic a tion forms from The 
County Secretary. The Cmtie. W inchester. Hampshire 
SOZ3 8UJ or telephone Winchester (0962) 5441 1. 
Extension 225. 

Closing dale: 21 at November, 1986. 


£23454 to £25806 

(Pay Award pending) 

A Chief Officer and member of the Management 
Team, the Director has a wide variety of responsibilities 
including all aspects of:- 

PERSONNEL work including safety. 
work study. 

COMMON SERVICES supplies, printing, graphics 
& typing. 

SHORT TERM EMPLOYMENT schemes involving 
over 800 employees. 

An attractive relocation package is offered together 
with other benefits commensurate with this high level post 

Application forms returnable by 24th November 1986 
available from- 

Director of Administration 


The Guildhall, Swansea SA1 4PN 
Tel: 0792 50821 Ext 2210 

5 •• 






Salary range £19£36 to £21,816 pA. 

Thu presort 

to be retiring in Mxowy 1987 M a 

rapeoiMnt to now Otog w->»»Mor thn tort tor poat wMcii 

cantos iw p onnh fln wi lor bxTbw h oi w wsI Ftowng Branch 
doafcg witii eounvywto and reoerexm. nwnrato planning owes, 
dasafopnant contra, comarvanon and a MMagiig 
onMoranoMal im p nwam o w programme. 

Urn strucxra erf tfm Branch Iraa iwrentiy toon rauyaniNd to 
piaca hoaaaad aroptm a te on a iwl iuu n to i a l topnwaniani work 
and a new town to owrentiy tong reouNad to simoon f» now 
p rogram*. La xj— astow has a poraedtorty varied md active 
mmenta, Industry and tha Iflnerab Group 1ms meanly oaon 
orearBsd id respond « i n oa — ad Rtote wpaaahona on mwaral 
issues. SmrerW major cooneyctta proven are atom dm 
ptonmg stags. 

Camfdato shored Imre ctantoarebto experience in tire 
ma nagement at a Ptonmg D e p m ua n wtoi e proven record of 
adwnert. ea M t H toSy he good c a wmmtc a io ra end must be 
ante to OBtnanstrem nbaave. dma and oommanonL 
Retocation axtonaa up to BL370 ptos lodging alawami may Ire 
yatM In mipropnaB cfccumsances. Temporary Irouang oouti 

(0S33) 871913, 

Had. Q fo n Neld. Leicester LE3 1 
Cfostag date: Frktey, 2Ui Hamaber IMS. 

■ EQUAL OPfOatUKIIIES PCLiCT: tpjiiai.sri it w- c;nt ':ot. Sic pit 
irgiidcji a! iMir'oct. ethnic trig*, ir.ijiin. set. ntrulrl sUSss or d.-ssbs'thr 
dijblri applicants wiltie 5 'ji<jr,t:ed in xienie# H su.liblj »r.C?'/ 
tipirrnceii.orJ sujgartri tr » reeggnired rgcn:y t.g. > 0-B.0. - ^ 








£15,456 to £17,253 

Applications invited from intfvidu&ls with further 
education, industrial, marketing or research 
experience for the above two posts which wffl be 
based at Cctog Pencraig, Ltengefni. Ability to 
communicate 81 Walsh and English essential for 
one of tin posts and in English essential and 
We&i desirable for the other. 

The broad general aim of the programme is to 

hafra oofleges evolve ways of mooti ng 
emptoyer/emf ' 

; needs more fuiy, 

precisely and efficiently. Trie progr am me sets out 
to foster greater customisation in the delivery of 
training packages by involving efients evaluating 
their deavery. 

The appoint me nts, which are to commence as 
soon as possible, win be for a period of two 
years. Secondment arrangements would be 
particularly welcome. Car ownership essential 
(the posts carry a car user allowance). APT & C 
conations of service appty. 

Informal enquiries toe Dr. K. L Jones, Assistant 
Director of Education. TeU Caernarfon 4121, 

ext 2186. 

Closing date: 10th November, 1986. 

Application forms and further particulars 
avaaaMe from The County Personnel Officer, 
County Offices. Caernarfon, LL5S 1SH. 

Tel: (0286) 4121, ext 2078. 





The Gorenors d — — 

Heed Iran is Seommei. 1987 teBswmg the rttwnwS at Mr 

Detato of tin am ahl B iiat may be ottsned tarn Da Bust Gama- 
bell Belfast BT42Ki.Caaaaaswa beam he swaaaedmj 

form of appheaxm nl piroctoirx, togeoer Mh a pw nm d ui 

hforaoMn about tin C a^ero y^be ohtamed tom tin toto penran t 





Salary: 75% sf Ctoef 
Officers Scale (£13^35 
x 4 toes. - £15330) 
pay award peadtog 

The appointment: 

Borough Sokritor 
Tha dunes: 

The legal work ufflie Oouncfl. 
fldiiwfel i arton. Committee 

The Council Qftices are situate 
in plaasam rural swroonfings 
and ti» vacancy offers on 
opportunity to pm an fade- 
pendent Authority with « var- 
iety of duties and respons- 

Aa a pp d ctfaa tonn aad far- 
ter pmfHan mayhaob- 
tatoed from Mr. K. Hntart. 
tkHerasss Boraagh Coeacfl, 
Sktatxagh, Hal HU11 5ML 
Tat (8481) 82333 

dote a di 


date W» Nnrew- 







Application* are Mttd for a 
pot of Records Officer in tbe 
UonaMtieB Slatwbcal Record. 
The post carries naponiinbty 
for rnflmon. daidtine and oor- 
reeciaa of date. beU hr tone 
oovmwter Visaed reeorcH on the 
'■mff and atctienla of UK. mn- 
vemitimaDdfarfiniron with ihe 
lufanmatmUHa reipanaifde for 
tha reewda in eosh tottotion- 

C a a dirir i tet ribooid have good 
personal atiD* in c onm u m ka- 
tmn and proven adsnmvtntive 
ezperiencs, pvehntab in a 
un i ven ti iy bockmoumi Same 

experience with coaenwr-bosed 

m tene wodd be 

AixMunmteiit wdj be . 

wtom tbe IA range for uanar- 
sity a d m inrv t ra tria atalf laafoiy 
£7.055 to £12.780. under m- 

viewL The ptrsoo 
appointed will be imm to 
join the Un ree rai tiea _ 
□uation Scheme (USS). 

As ^ppBcation fann and fonher 
pntinitois may be obtained 
toni Mn. SM. Dodnan. 
Ptawnmri Officer, UCCA, P.O- 
Box 28. n « i»f / |i ii «i, Oka, 

Cfaefog dale for mpBcatii w w 
25 November 1886. 

•»? . 


Epsom Solicitors 

with well established family practice at 
three offices in the area urgently need 
bright and energetic Assistant Solici- 
tors or Legal Executives to work in the 
friendly atmosphere of their expanding 
Commerical/Residential/Probate de- 
partments. Salary up to £20,000 
according to ability and experience. 

Please apply with C.V. to: 

A.R. Drummond & Co. of 
45/53 High Street, 
Epsom, Surrey. 

KT19 8DF. 

Telephone No: 
(03727) 25291 





to be responsible for conveyancing 
with at least 3 years post admission 
experience. 5 week holiday, first 
class working conditions, salary 
package negotiable. Partnership 
prospects for the right candidate. 

Please write with C.Y. to 
P.O. Box No: H12. 




Senior Solicitor 

to £14,862 

An excellent opportunity to gain supervisory 
experience, attend Committees of the Council and 
undertake advocacy. 

Together with the salary we offer removal expenses 
plus other allowances up to £2,000, temporary 
accommodation if required, flexible working hours 
and car at a low cost. 

For an informal discussion about the post please 
telephone Mr. Chalmers, the Borough Solicitor, 
Exl 319. 

Application forms from Personnel Section, Swale 
H«vse, East Street. SHtugheonie, Kent, ME 10 
3HT. Telephone 0795 24341 Ext. 383. Please quote 
Post 3L, Chasing date 21st November. Interviews to 
be beU daring week commencing 8th December. 



We have an interesting, challenging and. at 
times, exciting position for a barrister or 
solicitor, 2ate-2Q's to mid-3G’s, preferably with 
some experience in commerce. He or she will be 
hard working, willing to travel and with the 
ability and initiative to investigate and advise 
upon a wide variety of maritime and other 
problems, to handle commercial negotiations, 
and to submit claims to arbitration. Apply with 
CV to: Transport Counsellors Int Ltd. 26 
Skouze, Piraeus 185 36, Greece. 


Require young Solicitor or unadmitted 
person for general litigation work at their 
Basildon Office. Salary c £1 1-12000 with 
good prospects to the right applicant 
Mainly matrimonial work. Apply A-B. 


Trent Regional Health Authority 

Legal Executive 

(£9,676 - £11,884 pA.) 

To join a team which has resp o nd bilrty for tbe 
handling of personal injury claims and the 
investigations surrounding disriploary proceedings 
involving medical staff. 

Applicants should have considerable experience of 

interviewing witnesses, taking statements, preparing 
cases forbearing and could be members of the 

Institute of Legal Executives but other suitably 
qualified or experienced candidates will be Consd- 
ered. A considerable: amount of travelling throughout 
this large Region will be necessary. 
Application form aad farther AetaBs anOabie tern 
RegHHial Personnel Dinamo, Fnhrood Rone. OH 
Fuhrood Road. Sheffield S19 3tfa or teteptoae (6742) 
3065)1 Ext. 319 quoting reference AGD 128. 
Closing date lfttb Nerember 198& 


Legal Adviser 

Salary £20,000 neg. 
+ bank benefits 

BANQUE INDOSUEZ is an international 
bank with representation in 65 countries 
world wide. 

corporate finance advice and liaison with 
the Bank’s solicitors. 

The London Office is undergoing a 
period of substantial development in 
fulfilment of a 5 year strategic plan which 
incorporates commercial merchant and 
investment banking. 

This appointment is being created to 
enable the Legal Adviser to continue to 
provide a comprehensive service 
meeting the increasing demands of an 
expanding organisation. 

Sectors to be covered include Corporate 
and banking law, compliance, loan 
agreements and security, trade finance, 

CANDIDATES will be solicitors or 
barristers with a minimum of 2 years 
post qualification experience in a Bank or 
other financial institution, or ihe 
Company Secretary's department of a 
large corporate. 

In the first instance p/ease contact 
David Grove. Consultant to the Bank, 
by telephone on 01-374 8838, or in 
writing, enclosing an up-to-date 
curriculum vitae, to: March Consulting 
Group. 12 Sheet Street, Windsor, 
Berkshire SLA 1BG. 





Block, Graf & Co. Swiss Cottage, N1V3 

We are a medium surd fnHidl> firm sedans tw Solicitor, 
one forConvcjuncifigAitd one lor Uligaiion. Pon -qualifica- 
tion experience mould tv preferred bin newly admitted 
person*, mould be coreodoed. 

Boib positions wiJt bens Ahjsuldu to Fanners ami the 
appointees will gam fust dau ctpenencc. undertaking guod 
quality work and being involved directly with dienii, 
Negotubic Salan with excellent career prospects. 

Applications to: £ Black Esq 
Black. Graf & Co 
14/15 College Crescent 
London. NW3 5LL 
Telephone 01 586 1141 


London based US Law Finn requires barrister 
or solicitor for busy practise. One or 2 years 
experience In Trademark and Copyright law 
preferred but not essential. Must be computer 
literate and able to type. 

Write with CV and sample of recent legal 
writing to: Louis Stevenson, Stevenson & 
Scholmgn, Rugby Chambers, 2 Rugby Street, 
London, WClN 3QU. TeL- 01 >404 0456, 


Osborne Clarke 


We are faoktn^tora sofiotor tar legal executive io(om our probate 
department- Applicants should have at least two yeere expert* 
in this field and be prepared lo ucfcle an interesting and vnde 
variety of work with deterrninatxifl and enthusiasm. 

tt-e salary win be by arrangement and forms pan of on attractive 


the centre olBmtoJ. 

Please apply m among with a curriculum vitae la 
I w Sharpe 

30 Queen QiartatteSom 





over £25,000 + car 

Senior position with company in Central London for 
commercial lawyer with rdcvanl experience and com- 
mvroal approach. Work includes joint ventures, 
intellectual property, licensing, international con- 
tracts. distributorship agreements, etc Salary 
negotiable.. I Rcc Cons) 

74 Lon>» Lane, London EC l Tel: 01*606 937 L 




We are a busy, well established Market 
Town firm who seek ambitious and en- 
thusiastic Solicitors and T-p gal 
Executives to handle wide range of 
conveyancing or matrimonial litiga- 
tion. We cannot offer a quiet life, but 
we can offer a superb working environ- 
ment, attractive salary, good prospects 
and fringe benefits. 

Write to us at 

Basset Chambers, Camborne, 
Cornwall TR14 8SG, or telephone 
0209 712454. 

.* 1 
y t 


Lx i 


" ■ A *, r ; 

*i, 3 

■ v. »/«■**# 
■-.iii * 1*3 

h;iA>i *.i = du*J *1 »7.Vii Wl a3 



35 New Broad Street, London £=G2rVI ”1 NH 
Tel: 0 1 - 588 35S8 orOI-588 357G 
Telex Mo. 8S7374 Pax Mo. 01-638 3216 

CaIuta~awtK?ayown ^ wibwicgwi y ^th»^nw^HartrtcCon>p^(ia^oi>«<^gwwi^8l»ge«t.ino rt» » > c c»» «^ 

«Wttvw^cowprtw-#wlopi wliwWt mim Hirt iBiwlim - ■ 

^ | m CAE ^ n r JUH t olutotokxliiafry 



^5 ldK «* ia ^»*» a a a nMmwnhawasraqg fw*«tetywithihBvarfoi»tegai«!^ 

StJC-ilSSTSr T*? 8 n “* contract and commercial 1 negatMiomaaaenfbr 

' and a " ori * , B k**M0B of at least one other European language would be an advantage. The 

Choosing any 
other firm may not 

be your best move 

Corporate and Tax Lawyers 

Wfe know exactly the sort of candidate we're looking foe. 
Ambitious. Determined. Career-minded. 




who’s determined to 

A SoBdtor or Banister you have sound experience as a Court 
Clerk or as a Senior Gout Clerk. You're now looking for a post 
that wifl give you plenty of opportunity to further your career 
and ‘round off your experience. You want to progress quickly 
up the career ladder you’ve planned for yourself. 

Vfe think (his is just theopportunityyou bad in mind. Over the past 
10 years, five of our Court Qerks have become Justices' Clerks and 
two have become Principal Assistants. Indeed, the post is only 
vacant now because of a recent internal promotion. 

YoffH find volume, variety and a complexity of cases on a daily 
basis with os. We expect hard work; dedication and self-moti- 
vation in retam. 

Choosing a firm of solicitors chat can match your own personal career ambitions requires 
careful ctmsiderarian. 

Denton. Hall Burgh &; ’Cfarrens are a resourceful and highly motivated firm with a 
broadly based ccanmadal practice and offices in London, Hong Kong, Singapore and Los 
Angeles with over fifty partners worldwide. 

The firm offers a wide range of challenging and incellectnaily stimulating work 
requiring business sense as well as legal ability Eariy responsibility is given to those who 
meet die firm’s high standards. 

The rrrmv*drare needs of our expanding London office are for:- 

Upto £14,583 pa 

Lei ce ster City has a population of 283,000, operates 55 half-day 
sendee apply, plus generous re-location expenses where 

If you’re looking for variety, scope and progression, we’d Bke to 
bear from you. Apply in die first instance for an application 
form to Mrs. K. Totton oq Leicester (0533) 540922 ext 7803. 
Leicestershire Magistrates’ Courts Committee, PO Box 1, 
Town Hall, Leicester LEI 9BE. 

Corporate Solicitors, 2 to 5 yean qualified, with Mergers and Acqmdtions/Corporate 
Finance experience. 

Experienced Corporate Tax Lawyers or Accountants. 

Recently qualified solicitors to work in our Commercial Department. 

Wfe offer excellent remuneration and prospects in a committed and friendly working 

If you woul d like m disci iss these opportunities or to meet for an informal chat contact 
Michael Doble. 

dosing date for receipt off completed application farms is 
Friday, November 21st, 1986. 

Darning House, 

90 Chancery Lane, 
London WC2A1EU 
Tel No: 01-242 1212 




Legiail Officer 

One -of toe most condstentty successful pbcvrnoceubcol companies in the UK 
seeks a young lawyer with broad commercial training, gained in private 
practice or Industry. 

This ts a first time appointment and the successful applicant fe likely to be aged 
between 25 and 30 and be a recently caBed/quasfied banister or sofiettor. On 
appointment he/she w» be Ixsedto.lhe-Oxnpanys much acclaimed Napp 
Comptex_Jn the Cambridge Science Pqric and wa report to toe Company Legal 


Experience of toe pharmaceutical Industry, while welcomed Is not essential, but 
toe applicant must have the cornmerck^ afto lnteBectual abffity to asslnflate 
quickly toe industry's standard legal taste In contract, insurance, employment 
law. drug registration, trade marks, cflnicad trial protocols etc. 

Salary and benefits wffl be 
wfl) irtotude anexceflenf reio 

table according to age and experience and 

ApaScdtomtorMi part «■ t» WM fci eattfenc* ana atauMbs modi tonus Mm. macfoc. 
Reuiar SUrtAln UmBKi. 26-20 B«dl0K> ROW. London WC1R 4TC. W. 0] 405*652. Fax. 01 4054A77. Mca 

qupw m u m h c* mem. ' 




3Savfle Row, London W1X1AF 
Telephone: 01-437 0655 
J& 01-734 6416 



Required to work with the Heed of the Legal and Practice Department and the other 
qualified members of the Department on a wide range of matters of concern to Budding 
Societies - including the absorbing task of implementing the radical new Building Societies 
Act 1986. • » 

The first, more senior job envisages a aoKritor or barrister in the late twenties with 4/5 years 
experience in private practice and/or with a local or public authority and who can 
demonstrate a trade record of achievement in terms of initiative and the ability to supervise. 

The second post (an - addition to the establishment) would best suit a lawyer of 24 or 25 with 
one or two yean of the requisite exp erienc e. The salaries would be in the region of £14,750 
p.&. and £11,750 p-a. respectively (the figures offered will deperfi on age and experience) and 
both posts cany go6d pensions and mortgage interest allowance. 

For further details write to the Head of the Legal and Practice Department at 3 Savile Row, 
London WlX IAF. 





£20,000 + Car and Benefits 

This is an sxcefient opportunity for a Soficitor 
with a strong commercial background gained 
other in private practice or a corporate Legal 

As a key member of the Legal team you will be 
involved in the whole range of financial and 
property related initiatives generated by new 
legation. A major part of the job wffl be to 
give advice to Senior Management as we8 as 
participate in research, development and 
imptecnentation. The post caUs for a degree of 
mental agility and the capacity to work under 
pressure. The successful candidate is Rely to 
have at least 5 years post-qualification 
experience and proven ability. 

The Society offers an attractive benefits 
package which includes concessionary 
mortgage facilities. Assistance with re-location 
expenses wffl be avafiabla where appropriate. 

Candidates should send foil CV particulars, 
Including current earrings and describing the 
relevance of their experience to the address 
below to reach the Recruitment Manager no 
later that 18th November 1986. 



We have a vacancy at our Leamington 
Spa Office for an Assistant Solicitor 
with a sense of humour who enjoys 
commercial conveyancing and wno- 
feels able to move quickly towards the 
responsibility and challenge of Partner- 
ship. Ideally, the applicant should have 
at least two years post admission ex- 
perience for the position which 
commands ah above average, salary, 
the provision of a car, BUP A etc. 

for the rest of your career, write with 
fiilT CV. or telephone: 

The Partnership Secretary, 
10 Ensftm Place, . 
Leamington Spa 
CV32 4LJ. .. * "•••• •• 

Tel: (0920) 30411 



AgpGattkm are invited from bwyezs voting to pane « 
career m the Magntnurs Courts fbr tbe poa of 

TtejaocessfnJajR>to«wfflbewoi*Mg®* taayOwt 
where the opportunity wffl be given to advise Justices in 
Ae fbB O 80 e ofConrta. The Com tm a mffot 45 aid « 
ftfly compotcmcd odm nriwwinn . A pp fica nft with . 

■ v . ■yjn.p 7CJ: 7 T>r$Mi f,r il y.-nr-M 

Bar a gQ K or v oScft on without capcriencc as Ctaurt Ckit 
win be couriered for aj*xMnnnent al s saisry 
of not feat than £8^64. 

foanoraJ aod re-tootjon eqxniMs win be payabfe ia 
apjmjpoanc cases. 

Prospective app&caus wi* to Oaomf the post 
aboakliclepbOQc Mr Konaan Draper or 
~ Mr Richard Stocfcon 051 647Z34&. 


We are a busy, well established 
Market Town Son who seek ambi- 
tious and enthusiastic Solicitors 
and Legal Executives to handle 
wide range of conveyancing or mat- 
rimonial litigation. We cannot offer 
a quiet life, but we can offer a su- 
perb working environment, 
attractive salary, good prospects 
and fringe benefits. 

Write to vs at 

Basset Chambers, 

. Camborne, Cornwall 
TR14 8SG, 

or telephone 0209 712454. 

Solicitors seek ambitious 
hardworking solicitor to 
undertake conveyancing in 
progressive go-ahead firm. 

Modem offices. 
Excellent prospects for 
successful applicant 

For further details 

0483 577091 

Reference DG 

Recruitment Manager 
Nationwide Budding 

New Oxford House 
High Hoi bom 
London WC1V BPW 



turfy tt. t- ;uz. j.L^LZsi 




Young Solicitors sought to form 
the nucleus of the next generation 
of Partners in a busy general 
practice. This is a unique 
opportunity to join and 
subsequently inherit a long 
established family firm. 

London salary rates plus fringe 
benefits for the right applicants 
with a view to an eariy partnership. 


nminiTiir medium steed Wsst End precoov , semes 

vancy litigation. Partnarerip piospacte. < 


sEitor vm up 

Reortj, qosMed sofcitor 

pany workload wkh plenty of scope » 

SSved ta P a* company «n**»*- Y<m go* 
ahoad Central London practice. 

PfflVAH CU£»T 

gum oracbcs reqtdns Trusts 4 Probate. ®p*Bor of 

<it*H gneoaUss to the legal praignton wjdwrte 
35 AKtwycb. Lomton WCaAff.-IeL OMtt 12SI 
..... (axisantorealte office horns) 




We are . a large firm in the Mi comdor, 

two vacancies for young solicitors 
of positive attitude and above aver- 
age ability. 

U. W T7AMA WltT 

efficiently we mgentiy- require help in the 
following fields:- . * 

Commercial and/or . 

_ Agricultural Conveyancing. 

These vacancies provide opportunities to 
poreoe caxeos in one of Europe's fastest 


Appficants should apply xa writing with a 
XSvTiT Julian George, Townsends, 
42 Crickfade Street, Swindon, Wilts. 

The two successful applicants will 
each have general experience but 
<me position has a predominance of 
litigation and advocacy whilst the 
other will suit an active convey- 
ancer with probate and other non- 
costentious capability. 

Please submit c.v. to; 

R eo rin c uJ House 
22 St Leges 

P. N. FAIRLEY Btdfartl MK40 1EP 


Solicitors to be Admitted in the New Year. 



Interesting opportunities 
Stimulating environments 
Challenging workloads 

Extremely attractive salaries 

Locations: City, Central, West End 

Applications hi writing with CV tra 
Michael Todman, 

FJ). Todman & Sons 
15 High Street, 



Registrars Limited 


fnfi 1 r nTni firfr m fEfca faMl nmfa rrinn iuftfo ii d M 

Start sperialsts to the kfM fnfessiM mfiWe 

95 Ahtwych. London WC2B 4JR 01-242 12S1 
(Msaflbone titer artnz hours) 

are retained by medium-sized 
holbora firm of solicitors Shortly 
moving into new offices, who seek 
one/two fee earners plus support staff 
to fill spare accommodation with a 
view to eventual merger. 

Phone Ref. MDS at 379-3385. 

• '---ft 




m 1 1 1 1 1 rm i i i i_ij i m ftttt 1 1 1 n 

Ra nRTvrnrH & CLARK 


The Government Legal Service offers some interesting career alternatives for talented and 
ambitious lawyers who value variety in their work and are keen to meet the wider challenges of 
national and international issues in modem law Structured career development programmes and 
promotion based entirely on merit can take yon through to some of the most senior legal positions 
in the country, but you will also enjoy a level of security and support impassable to find 
in the private sector: 


Department of the Environment: .1 postwar least 1 at Grade 6. 

Advice un complex legislation relanpg to local frivL-mment 
ihiiinee: advice on critmnurcia] building matters (1 post); also parte 
mentor? bill work and extensive statutory instrument drafting. 

Home Office.- Legal Adviser's Branch: 1 post. 

A wide variety of important Government business few which yon , 
will provide advice tn Ministers and senior dvfl servants; assisting 
in the preparation nf hills and drafting subordinate legislation; an 
international dimcnsii m with proceeding? m Brussels and Strasbourg, 


Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food: i post possibly at 
Grade 6. 

reverse legal issues arising from Gtwemmem and EEC policy wiD 
imiJvcvnn in udvisi uy vn irk. civil and criminal Edition, the European 
t ."nun and high level (ctfslnth-u activity. 

Dcpurtmcat of Health and Social Security: at least I post. 

A wide rang: of legal services covering many aspects of health 
and wdlim.': some EEC and private international law work; general 
advisory and case work, tribunals and enquiries: parliamentary bill 
work and extensive statutory instrument dralting. 

Inland Revenue: 4 poses some of which could be at Grade 6. 

Pmvklim* a comprehensive legal service combining advisory 
UTirk and fcagadon. civil and criminal; you «vifl deal with a wide 
variety of problems hi general low- including 'inicmationiir aswcO as 
statute law ;uid specialist taxation subjects; opportunities for advocacy. 
Treasury Solicitor’s Department: 3 pasts. 

Tbe Treasury SoHefBur acts as legal adviser tn die Treasury Cabinet 
( ifficc. Ministry of Defence, Department of Energy. Department of 
Transport. Department of Education & Science and many other 
( n Kvmment offices. 

Lawyers deal with an immense variety of issues including general 
advisory work 6w all the above mentioned Departments, eg advising 
on complex location and drafting subordinate legislation. The 
Treasury Solidtor conducts litigation for the Crown both in this 
country and hdurc the European Court of Justice. Lawyers present 
evidence at mqkv public enquiries both in this country and ahruod. 
Charity and Thist Law-. 3 posts. (2 in London and one in Liverpool). 

Legal advice to trustees and promoters of charities on a wide 
nuige «<f legal manors. authorising transactions and chared in die 
trusts oi charities and generally ensuring that charities are property 


Treasury Solicitor's Department: 1 post. 

This department pnvidcScrrfiwyaDciig services for a! Gcwunment 
IV.-pa mi rents ami a number of other bodies including the Forestry 
i jminiiswm and the Mature Conservancy CoumiL The wnrhimolres 
'a verv wide ramie of conveyancing transactions and also the provision 

of advice on complex property mantis. The appo int ment could be 
for a period of up id three years which may be extended but nut 
beyond the candidate's 63rd birthday 


Home Office: Criminal bgaries Compensation Board: 2 posts. 

The Board administers a Scheme for awarding compensation ti> 

victims of crimes of violence and, In the case of death, to the dependants 
of victims. As one of the Board's advocates you would prepare and 
present applications & bearings before the Board in eases where the 
applicant is di ssatisfied with the decision of a single member of [be 
Board who originally considered the mafec \ba should possess a 
Miund kwiwledg: of personal injury law and criminal laa; abifirv for 
advocacy and a capacity Bar hard work There is also a requirement 
tn $ve general legal advice on tbe administration of the Scheme. 

The Board sits throughout Britain and regular travdEng is essential 


IxrrdChancd Inf's Department. HQ; 2 posts. 

The duties are varied and you can expect to work either on die 
reform of the substantive civil hm which can involve preparing 
legislation and briefing monsters, or on changes to die procedures and 
jurisdiction of the civil courts which can invoke drafting subordinate 
legislation. You can expect dose contact from an early stage with 
both ffie Lord CSiancdlor and with senior officials. Ybuwffl need the 
ability tn formulate speedy and cogent advice on policy matters as 
weB as purely legal topics. 

H M Customs & Excise: 4 posts. 

btitiaHy you wifl conduct prosecutions of snragglefs. particularly 
drug smugglers, ami revenue fraudsters (both on national and EEC 
revenues); fernr you will conduct civil litigation or present appeals to 
the VAT tribunals, or advteeon tbe wide range of legal matters affecting 
die Department 
Office of Fair Trading: 1 post 

The work involves giving advice, drafting, negotiating and some 
advocacy on a wide range of issues connected with consumer afiaint. 
consumer credit and competition poEcy embracing restrictive trading 

This is a good opportunity if you have a particular interest in 
consumer or competition law. * 

SALARIES Legal Officer £11,425 • £15,455; Grade 7 £15,780 
£20.930; Grade 6 £10,485 - £25,765. £1465 less outside Londim. 
Level uf appointment and starting salary according to qualification* 
and experience. 

Salaries are supported tv a comprehensive benefits package 
For further details and an ap p li cation form (to be returned by 
21 November 1986) write to Chii Service C ommi ssion. Alencrm 
Link, Bastagstohe, Haros RG21 UB, or telephone Basinj^roke 
(0256) 468551 (answering service operates outside office houis). . 
Please quote nefi G(4)57 <j. 

Tbe Civil Service is an equal o p por t u nity employer 

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 




Our (^mpany/Commerdal Department, in 
keeping with the practice in general, continues 
to expand rapidly. We now have a number of 
opportunities within this section, which advises 
a range of listed, USM and Public Companies. 
We are seeking in particular- 

(a) a Solicitor with 1 or 2 years post admission 
general company/commercial experience; 

(b) a Solicitor of at least 3 years post admission 
company/commercial experience, with a 
particular expertise in intellectual property 

The positions offered carry an above average 
remuneration package. The senior position also 
provides exceptional opportunities for 

If you are interested in any of the above posi-' 
tions, please submit your CV. to: 

D J. Rogers, 

Recnritment Partner, 

Davies Arnold & Cooper, 

12 Bridewell Place, 

London EC4V 6 AD. 


require an Able & Enthusiastic 


to join their Private Clients Departmentto 
weak as Personal A ssista nt to one of the De- 

af services offered by Dundas & Wilson to 
private clients. This position will involve ah 
aspects of financial and taxation planning 
together with related conveyancing. 

Apply with full curriculum vitae to: 




We are an eight Parkier West Bid practice with an 
entertainment Has. Due to a contfoued expansion of 
our efient base, we require an Assistant Soficaor for 
our n on-contentious Department, to specialse in 
C on veyancing. Applicants should have no more than 
two years post quffl k ation experience, although suft- 
abfy quafined Legal' Executives end persons about to 
qualify wi be considered 

Terms, conffions and working environment are those 
you expect from a progre s sive firm. . 

Apply with CV tec- 
Tbe Personnel Monger, 
wngm weoo oyitn, 

10, Soho Snare, 

London W1VK 


This respected mwfium shed practice requ ires a Wghl wtfi 

young so&ttw; quafified for up to 3 perns. to joto^his bya vanetyof 

^k^»exparefingdepartmert.ThiaposiBQfiw®idralhisutt to 

and excellent prospects for career progreBton. Tbe writ o{ these pasittocs cany oxceflenf 

wiD cover a range of public and private company matters oeoisactsom 

and the safety wifl be mtremelycoinpetaive . pannostiipprospecw. - 


£16000 To £22,000 + Car 


an experienced individual to undertake a new role, range of bo* 

Mforirfng as part of the Tax/Trusf department, the sorted Siding raeSc* and 

applicant wlH be responsible lor providing, posonal tax legal nppotfantty for 

advice to a unde range of dterts. Inducing Lloyds' and Ex- corporate finance 

PSWatewcric opportunity fora tolentedcawfekrt? _ » ernbittom to**w 

wifo a nmiimiim of tvvo years pmfessiond experience. pro^ecte^ah ^com p ^dvep^^ 

i^ rirt»>aB oftbe«andcXhCTposifloig. c ti n>act .Jn lm C «B ew , I*e e1^ao«orJ«Jlil»I*P |1 *^ 

Legal and Rnandal Recruitment Sp«aalists 
15-18 (slew &Tdoe St London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-5830073 

Peking to 

^^n^Bon on cumpfex mnmwtcui PWP^ 
mSTmbisi Of these posetom carry exodknt 

an «nbitious lawyer who is kxjkaig for good career 


Company Lawyers, 
a Career Opportunity 

... Con tin ued development of the work of the Company Departmem 

has created the opportunity to appoint further lawyers. 

The department operates in a number of self-contained practice 
groups designed to serve our clients needs and solve their 


We seek applicants with at least two years relevant experience who 
wish to undertake increased responsibility and to develop further 
their skills in corporate law with a varied workload. 

We are also seeking a recently qualified lawyer for the group which 
specialises in corporate insolvency work. 

We have instituted a formal training programme for all lawyers, 
designed particularly to support the Continuing Education Scheme. 

This allows for the integration of recendy qualified staff into the ‘ 
work of the department. . .. 

Working with us provides the opportunity to practice in a friendly, 
informal, but lively environment 

If you wish to be considered for any of these appointments please ' 
apply, with a Curriculum Virae, ro- 

GeoffreyHowe ■ 

Clifford^ Turner 
Blackfriars House 
19 New Bridge Street • 

London EC4V6BY- 


London, Paris, New York, Hong Kong, Tokyo 
Amsterdam, Brussds, Madrid, Singapore, Riyadh 


Legal Corps 

The AnnyTs legal service will be recruit- 
ing aver the next few months a number of 
qualified lawyers, in the rank of Captain. 

. Applicants should, preferably; be 
between 24 and 30 years of age, and may 
be of either sex and from either branch of - 
the legal profession. Some experience of 
advocacy would be an advantage. 

The starting salary is £13,154. Farther 
details of the terms and con ditions of 
service and of the work of the Army Legal 
. Corps both at home and overseas, may be 
obtained by those interested from: 

Lieutenant Colonel A. P. Norris OBE, 
MA, Directorate of Army Legal Services, 
Ministry of Defence (ALSl), Empress 
State Building, I/mdon SW6 ITR. 

Tel: Gi-385 1244 Ext 3182. 



Administrative Assistant 

A law graduate is required to join The Solic- 
itors Complaints Bureau, a new body setup 
by The Law Society to improve the indepen- 
dence and quaffiy of tire handfing of com- 
plaints against soficitors. 

The Administrative Assistant wifl join the team 
which arranges training for the professional 
staff of Hw Bureau and designs and updates 
procedures for investigating complabits. Spe- 
cific duties wffi include researching and draft- 
ing new documentation; forming an up to date 
scree of Information and helping arrange 
seminars and training programmes. 

You should be a law graduate, preferably hav- 
ing. taken The Law Society's Final Examina- 
tions, with experience of work in a solicitors 
office. More Important are exceflent comhut- 
nicatlon skills, an analytical mind and the 
abUfty to organise your own work in a 
methodical manner. 

Salary wifi be in the range £9,484 - £13,060 
per annum depending on experience. Bene- 
fits include & days annual holiday, staff 
restaurant; and pension and season ticket 
loan schemes. Positions are based in 
London, SWl. 

Apply by sending your CV to the Personnel 
Officer, The Law Society, 113 Chancery Lane, 
London WC2A 1PL ' 






Appear every Tuesday in 
The Times 

To place your 
please telephone 
01 481 1066 


The Tbwry Law Group provide advice in the fields of 
estate and tax planning, insurance, mvestments and pensions 
through offices in Windsor; Leeds, Edinburgh and Belfast. 
We have a rapidly expanding service to UJL expatriates in 
Hong Kong, Europe and elsewhere overseas: 

YVfe wish to recruit an additional lawyer for the ^ 
Tax & Legal Department at our Head Office m Windsor; 
with about two years post-qualification experience mainly 
in trust and tax law Experience of insurance, pensions or 
off-shore tax practice would also be useful Salary mfine with 
London rates. 

Please apply in writing, enclosing detailed CV to: 

D. G. Ainslie Esq., Tbwry Law; Tbwry Law House, 37 High 
Street, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1LX. 



Substantial Salary 

Our clients, one of die major British construction companies wirh 
.operations world-w, d^are s^ing ro ™auit a senior lawyer for their 
Head Office in London. 

"“i 1 dose *V knit professional ream 

responsible fbrrhe group s broad rangeof commercial litigation 

comprising xnainly-construction-reiated acri vines. ; 

’ c R onmens ^f a re wirh rhis senior post wUI be . 

effered, plus car and other usual benefits associated with a major 

'• - public company. 

ReOSC (fmmol, derails to Michael Chambers 

timbers &Rmners, Roraiunent ConsidwrtEs; 

. . 74U}ngUne,londonECl Tel:(OU6069S7l 

•l r-r t 

‘ v' : 

* ■; • ^ j 

r 'St » 

• . '-S 



. f Ti .-L. ~~-z z m -=- 


nr-, . 

experience of 


A Remuneration Assessor is required to 
join the team responsible for assessing fair and 
reasonable charges for non-contentions work 
undertaken by solicitors who have applied for a 
Remuneration Certificate. Applicants must be 
Experienced in non-contentious b usines s, have 
a working knowledge of the Solicitors 
Remuneration Order 1972 and the ability to 
make written reports and recommendations to 
the certifying panel 

Salary in the range £ 9, 484 per annum to 

£ 13, 060 per annum dep ending exp erien c e 
Benefits include 23 days annual holiday, staff 
restaurant, pension and season ticket loan 

To apply send a detailed CV to the 
Personnel Officer, The Law Society, 

113 Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1PL. 

(No Agencies) 



Dueto expansion of our business, partiaibrty for cwporateand 
commeraai diems, Stanley Wasbrough has a number of vacancies in 
various specialist departmentsfor amtttiousand personabfesolidtcHi 
We are able to offer an interestmgvariety of good quality work, in an 
established and developing commercial centre with afoiwardthinking 
practice. There are real opportunities for the right rndwiduais. 

Vacancies presently exist for. 

who will be expected to play an important rolein promoting our 
residential axweyanangpracbce and wflbeencouraged to take new 
initiatives in ths field particularly in relation to the introduction of 
computer assisted systems. 

litigation fitheirinstrtiitional and private dients. 

to work asa member of our Commerdal Property Department 


person who will »peded to unde^kea range of ciXTimerd^ and 
business mattetsas part of the firm's Company Department 

Stanley Washrough has a congenial atmosphere and is notyet so large 
as to be impersonaL feoffees are attradwely bcated within a pleasant 
aty wrth exceflent facilities and communications. 

Apply with full 

WJ. Price, Stanley Wasbrough, 17Berkeley Square, Bristol BS8 IHD.Tet 8B72) 290221. 

Ht iwLiUliUnw 


Food Law Specialist 

Circa £17,000 

Due to an impending retirement we are now seeking a professional- 
with specialist knowledge of the law relating to food and household goods 
to (Oin our legal Department ac Head Office in Blackfhars. The pnoapal 
responsibility is to provide an authoritative advisory service on the law 
relating to product descriptions (mainly but not exclusively food products) 
for Samsbutys and Homebase 

We are looking for a specialist with substantial experience in the 
practical application of die lawrelaong to food and household products in a 
commercial centra! or local government environment Skills m considering 
the effect of proposed and current legislation are highly desirable 

You will join a small, highly motivated ream as the Food Law Specialist 
but also assist in the work of the Legal Department on related matters. 

A salary up to £17,000 (could be more for an exceptional candidate) will 
be supported by a range of benefits including profit sharing, share option 
and staff discount schemes after a qualify™ period, BUPA and subsidised 
restaurant Relocation expenses wiD be paidir appropriate 

For an application form please telephone, or -write to Carolyn 
Gray, Recruitment Manager, J Samsbury pic, Wakefield House, 
Stamford Street, London SE1 911- Tel: 01 -921 7518. 





A Kingston sofleflor 
who specialises kt 

Commercial and some 

court work seeks 
assistant soBcftor with 
minimum 2 years 




01549 5070 

sotatore R -Legal Eueuww 
avaHUe m aH tksc**nes 

01-248 1139 

Wft mticona oqonsj tomdJ 
proseedw tocumt wttfi specs! 
part-mw quioiuMes tor re- 
tired semi ffltffM A other 
eomnwroai iwrws 

ttBMtfy CmiIh 

Assistant - Good Salary 
General work with 
Matrimonial Dias 


•"M* »W" 

Mrs Ryan. 


ft hi Coven) Garden general 
jjramce Sound WWM 
npomAHKr in muni for MTo 
warv and aptitude Ol 83o 

CotCVCVAMeMC seuaruc «r 
Lrujl Executive rroulrto for 
until etamdin pratoer in Pr 
wtiwpwn Lerwwno 
Robert. & CB 0753 43944 

NEWLY/escmv «WT 

UHIillNlli U 

CHivanndnj .wW» medliSi 
stzad ewi pnedn; 
national cem*M »Hi 
partner cay practice: 
Trust/Ta* wIBi LiMpUVjnn 
nramce. Co m n w aa* imwrtw 
wlib rapeeted EG* wins Ps»- 
ihm law wia mat " aw 
nracim £12 lT.OCKJJrtmdiOi 

rknkmu oi eesoose 

t Ol sot SB97 m»h 

AUttTAl it sownora require* 

for imrar general dracdee Mm 

rmphtb on SB Ute ttj* Mite 
Don. Wt w «» CV id 

1 Mettle Skene and CB «®ua- 
■nm. 6 Old BVet. ttaloo Ctt». 
oStem M 0385 41840 

COMMPKUL ana cmi H»- 
uon eoHOtar tor matey vmntta 

now wJJWfc 

Wetacx c ooxuiUao. OSS B 



AOMrrrco aa/torti? am s*w» 
vel fiovnlfV Town lirm K» 

PMJ6 251 AS 


mo- r ID TT>amw_va» *** 
Con®vM*“** OWS5 
.•SIB* _ .. 

FREE Lim of country \acaov** “ 

£25.000 cue***** * PartnsT6 
Ol ■*<*> Wl 

TAX •TEC1AUST Ttarart Vat 
u-\ nmTTvJrr aoiKWoc . er 
W.-uruanl £ 1 » WJ"** 
tumult-- 0936 25183 • 

TME LAW in SWtol. ManaMm 
NrtimghBni. Nrvimaw. Cfrrt - 
lenmni. HtVTTWdn. 

Boummouiti. Norvricti-^®*' 
wien.' Liverpool.- CoWdmmp. 
Reums. Provtnaal (owns 



coanlnrwide AeaMetfvxnn- 
rtee from Newly Ou^fllM to 


QUALITY NimpeU ' 1C,I 3 , “' 
ucnrm «S|. W«e* Con 
v SUIMID- 0935 25U53 

senior souaaon ana pannen. 
StfmuUuno and rewardteg w- 
ponuniues Keen awrucams 

■nulted Law Personnel. Ol 
242 1381 < An> attar ts» BHI 
ergetic xtanr wnma leans 
mm' nenerai pan autfAcBmi 
tfQwrience and KAabH Cl» 
bony ts-nooglu Cxcenetn vmary 
and pnssoCB fOr wluUe »«v 
capt CV pMw nr Bren 
Johnson Johnson*. 64 K>gh 
Siren LymUMdon Hampshire 

Hi LafuGAMva 

4 Mountain merit 


mm in mt am obu- 
nt (sua m Mi n«M 
CHWli*aHnm* kw 


ILmitMMnl tMBWW 
AfAjBHsa M>28a 


Players praise 
new squad 


happy with 
plans for 
World Cup 


By David Hands 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

The momentum achieved 
by England's leading players 
in the series of squad sessions 
which culminated in last 
week's training camp in Por- 
tugal win be maintained on a 
regional basis over the next 
right weeks. Tom McNab, the 
conditioning coach, whose 
background is tied up with 
top-flight athletics, hopes to 
organize workouts for the 
poyere with the leading athlet- 
ics clubs in the four divisional 

Both those who organized 
the training camp, and those 
who participated In what one 
player described as a 
“knackering weekend”, were 
delighted with the outcome. 
John Carleton, the 30-year-old 
squad centre, whose repre- 
sentative career goes bade 
farther than most of his 
colleagues, said it was quite 
unique in his experience. 

“What 1 really uy to do is 
provide the players with mod- 
els of sessions which they take 
bade into their own situations 
as best they can**, McNab said. 
“These 40 or so players can 
affect another two or three 
hundred, those around them 
In their clubs. You start to fan 
outwards from the top rather 
than try and develop the base. 
It's the same with the skills: if 
the drills are high when kids 
see them carried oot on tele- 
vision, they will want to 
imitate them. 

“Every division is going to 
go on to a track with athletes 
between now and the end of 
December, and 1 won't be 
seeing them as a group until 
the first match in January. 
Haringey, for example, will be 
perfect for the London-based 
players. We have to keep the 
momentum going. If you de- 
velop these very high levels of 
fitness then next year yon start 

: basic work at a mud) 
er leveL" 

The emphasis on increased 
fitness has already been made 
in international matches this 
season: England's second-half 
performance against Japan 
last month and Ireland's sus- 
tained commitment against 
Romania at the weekend are 
indicative. But players in Por- 
tugal all agreed upon bow 
much easier it is to train in 
agreeable conditions, with 
gmchine on their backs. “It is 
so much more difficult to train l 
in track suits and wet suits in 
bad weather**, Carietoa said. ■ 
“Tom has introduced a new 
approach to running drills and 



The iMMgn of the fonr 
bome countries' Work) Cup 
squads returned from New Zea- 
land as the weekend, generally 
happy with arrangements as 
they stand after a week of 
inspecting prospective venues, 
playing agreements and accom- 

Their next step wflJ be to 
report their findings to their 
respective anions; Michael Wes- 
ton, England's manager, prop- 
ping his eyetids open after 
making right tong flights in 
eight days, hopes his report will 
be available before the next 
Rugby Football Union commit- 


fitness. The type of training 
the 'donkeys* have to do is 
different from the three-quar- 
ters, and what Tom does is 
new to us alL He doesn’t get 

involved on the rugby side, 
but when you are fit — es- 

but when you are fit — es- 
pecially in an international 
context — it's easier to get 
through those last 20 minutes 
of a game when the pressure is 

Both Carleton and Marcus 
Rose, the Harlequins full back 
who has been involved in 
firsi-dass rugby since 1975. 
emphasized the worth of the 
camp as a morale-booster, an 
experience shared by a group 
of players with a specific end 
in view. 

Dona! t itnihan, Ireland’s 
captain, said that improved 
fitness contributed to his 
country's record 60 points on 
Saturday. That extra fitness 
has played a large part in the 
ascendancy of the southern 
hemisphere countries in re- 
cent years. England may feel 
with some justification, that 
they are at least treading the 
same road — even if there 
remains some way to go. 

■ WM 

Tip top; Centre, John Carietoa, was “detighted** with die re 
suits of England's squad fitness session in Portugal 

“The whole exercise was 
highly successful* he said yes- 
terday. ‘We went right through 
the provisional World Cop con- 
tract. picking op points, raising 
questions, particularly in rela- 
tion to what happens to the 

spent two days in Sydney 
and Brisbane, tboegfa all oar 
pool games will be played in 
Sydney at the Concord OraL We 
are tbe only country who do not 
have to move around for am pool 
games which could be good if all 
tbe arrangements work out, bad 
if they do not.* Weston also 
made contact with Dick Hart, 
the New South Wales official 
who will be England's liaison 

The England mawapwr was 
impressed with tbe work of the 
Queensland officials in Bris- 
bane, where England will play a 
quarter-final if they are runners- 
up m group one.*' The great 
thing about it was that the 16 
team managers got on really 
well, making it a unique rugby 
occasion. We were all pitched in. 
not knowing what was going on 
but it proved a memorable 

Weston took a series of 
photographs to amplify his re- 
port and also enjoyed a long 
discussion with Clive 
Woodward, the former England 
centre, now firing is Sydney. 
’The point he made was that 
England might as well not come 
unless they are twice as fit as 
they were last year” Weston 
said, " and I like to think we are 
ahead of the game in that respect 
with oar appointment of Tom 
McNab as conditioning coach." 

Help for Romania Warwickshire seek power 

Informal discussions with plane, arriving just over 24 
three of the four home unions boors before the kick-of£ it not 

Warwickshire, the holders of The Midlands, in county 

have taken {dace to try to help ideal p rep arati on; and their 
Romanian rugby out of the low seven-man selection panel had 

tbe Tborn EMI county terms, have reverted to lbeir old 
championship, meet Leicester- formula of two groups from east 

shire at Coundon Road, Cov- and west to find 

entry, tonight in the first of the champions-Bm they have been 

East Midlands/Leicesiershire 
League and the Notts. Lines and 
Derbyshire League. 

Inevitably there are clubs who 
will feet somewhat aggrieved 

exists and which affected the 
country’s preparations for last 
Saturday’s game against Ireland.- 
in which they conceded 60 

points (David Hands writes). 

Possmfy the most bean- 
wanning moment of thrir disas- 
trous visit to Dublin was the 
dinner afterwards when Irish 
players assured them that they 
should not be downcast; that 
Ireland had worked excep- 
tionally hard to cast off mem- 
ories of four championship 
defeats last season and Romania 
happened to be the unlucky 

flankers and made Dunutm, the 
captain, into a No 8 when he 
might have been better placed at 

Paraschiv, their experienced 
scrum half and former captain, 
is still in many eyes the best 
player in his position and may 
yet return for the World Cup. 

• Leicester call in Rory Under- 
wood and Dean Richards to 

Mark i 

Kevin Williams and 

Charles for their game 

against the Fijian Barbarians at 
Wdford Road today. 

recipients of that work. 

There is considerable sym- 

Bye for holders 

pathy for Romania among the 
home countries, who will be 
asked to revert to the system 
initially agreed when Romania 
were put on a rota of home-aod- 
away fixtures; that is, that tbe 
host nation should foot the bill, 
a system that changed when 
Scotland, after their visit to 
Bucharest in 1984, decided that 
they would seek alternative 
accommodation at their own 
expense on future occasions. 

It . may be said, too, that 
Romania did not help their own 
cause in selection; a five-hour 
charter flight in an ageing aero- 

Tbe London, holders of the 
Hospitals’ Cup, have been 
drawn to play either Charing 
Cross/Westminster or St 
Bartholomew’s in the second 
round on January 28. They have 
a bye in the first round. St 
Ma^s, the beaten finalists last 

year, day either King's College - 
or St ueorge's. 

DRAW: Rtit mood (Jbnwy 14): Owing 
Cross/VWsmwvstar w a Bartfioiorwr'x 
King's Gteege * St George's. Second 
round (January 21 

v Lwriorc UCK/lJBdtfleSfflt v St^ Thomas's; 
Royal Fiaa v Guv's King's CoSego or Si 
George's v 9t 
roan tl md i_, „ 

(Maroh 4): at Mchmond. 

looking to rediscover the 
scrummaging power which car- 
ried them to the trophy last 
season. The second play-off is at 
Burton tomorrow when 
Staffordshire meet North Mid- 
bods (David Hands writes). 

The power may return if Steve 
Wilkes, the Coventry tight-head 
prop, plays but he bad stitches 
in a racial cut after his club's 
game with London Welsh at the 
weekend and may not be fit to 
take tbe place occupied by his 
dub colleague. Trevor Revan. 

Paul Thomas, the flanker who 
played in the final, is also due to 
make his first county appear- 
ance of the season. Strained 
stomach muscles have kept him 
out this season but be played his 
first game for Coventry Extras at 
the weekend and has regained 
his place. 

Leicestershire also have two 
in the pack, the experienced 
Angus CoUington, returning at 
No. 8. and Nigel Cooper coming 
in at lock to make an all- 
Hinckley second row. The win- 
ners of the two play-off games 
will meet in the Midlands final 
on November 19. with the 
winner advancing to tbe na- 
tional semi-finals. 

produce a formula for next 
season's inaugural English club 
championship. The Rugby 
Football .Union want all four 
divisions to produce a league 
system for their area by January 
1 and ibe Midlands will meet on 
November 20 to finalize the top 
end as it relates to the national 
third division. 

Their leading dubs, of course, 
will be placed in tbe present 
John Smith’s merit tables A and 

than they feel their general merit 
deserves. However, in the first 
year of any nationwide com- 
petition it would be impossible 
for the organizers to make no 

Buns. MncMay. Marwflelfl. Pawors, Peter- 
borough. Stafford, Stockwood Park, 
Slake. Walsall. Westleigh. 

B, leaving Birmingham, Nunea- 
ton and Rugby as contenders for 
the third divirion (which will 
probably include several dubs 
from what is now merit tabic O- 
Bek>w that comes the North 
Area League, which will include 
Derby, Lichfield. Solihull, 
Stourbridge and one team from 
the national third division. 

The Midland divirion have 
responsibility for the interven- 
ing layers down to individual 
county level. Thus the Midlands 
first division will feed into the 
North Area League and will, in 
turn, be fed by Midlands West 
and Midlands East leagues. 
Midlands West will be fed by tbe 
North Midlands League and the 
Sta ffordsb i re/Wanvickshi re 
League; Midlands East by the 

MIDLANDS WEST: Burton, Bromsgiwe. 
Dixomans. DudteyJGngmmtanJ. Eve- 
sham, Hwefora. uaimwtth. NawtsoW, 
Sutton CoWfWO. Tamwortn. Worcester. 

MIDLANDS EAST: Nattering, laigtam 
Buzzard. Lincoln. Loughborough. 
MatfcxA. Nomrk. Stamford, Stonoygate. 
Syston, Vipers, Wigston. 

NORTH MIDLANDS: Bridgnorth. Camp 
HI*. Edwardtans. Ertington. Wddar- 
nttuter. Kmgs Norton, Luctomans. New- 
port. OU Hatosorians. OU YartSaons, 



Handswortn. Kenawonh. teak. Nw- 
castle. Nunearon OE. Old 
(jnmingmniBns, Old Longtpnums. Stoke 
OB. Strafford. WBanhatt. 

EAST MDLANDtyLBCS: Aytestone St 
Jamas. Bedford Athletic. Long Buckby- 
Luton. Melton Mowbray. Oadby 
Wyggestonans. Old Northamptoniana, 
South Leycestar. Stewarts and Uoyds. 
Towoestnans. Trinity. 

Chesterfield, Gtossop- Grimsby. Keste- 
ven. Me*sh. Modems. Scunthotpe. Sou- 
than. West Bridgtard, Worksop. 



Thorpe’s successful defence 

Tucson (Reuter) — Jim 
Thorpe became the first PGA 
mar player in three years to 
defend his tide successfully 
when he won the Tucson match- 
play toam unpaf on Sunday. 
Thorpe, who collected $150,000 
(about £105,069) for his victory 
over Scott Simpson in the final, 
is the first player since Calvin 
Pette, who successfully de- 
fended Ms title in 1983, to win 
two conseeative match-play 

rtumJ i l nnc hip B, 

Thorpe opened the day's play 
with a victory over Phfl 
Bteckmar a the seuti- finals. He 
advanced to meet Simpson, a 
senti-fiml winner over Ken 
Green. “Today jest started out 
perfect even tboagh I was down 
two on the first hole to 
Btadonar," Thorpe said. “Once 
I got it track, though, I teH 
confident.'' , 

The final match was level 

going into the back nine hot a 
Thorpe birdie on the 10th hole 
and a crucial par-saving six-foot 
fwtt on the I3tb hole gave him a 
one-shot lead over Simpson. 
Simpson, who received 590,000 
for his second place, took three 
putts from 65 feet, which cost 
him the 1 5th bole. He dropped 
another two strokes on tbe 17th 
bole, where Thorpe scored a 
birdie to clinch the match. 

“Scott didn't part! the ball the 
way Scott Stepson can putt,” 
Thorpe said. “1 was fortnoate to 
Brake all the putts I needed to 
make.'* Green won the consola- 
tion match ever Blackmar, 
receiving $60,000 for third 

• Mark Hayes compiled a 
consistent tw-oader-par 70 on 
Sunday to win the $200,000 
Tallahassee Open by one stroke 
over Russ Cochran, s fellow 
American, who missed an eight- 

root birdie port cm the final bole 
at Tallahassee, Florida. Hayes 1 
finished frith a 72-bole total iff 
273, 15 under par, over tbe ! 
KHJearn Country Club coarse. 1 
He pocketed $36,000 for his 
fourth PGA tour victory. It was i 
his first win since the 1977 | 
Tournament Players' 
Championship. I 

Hayes and Cochran, playing ' 
in the same threesome, were on 1 
the last green in regulation i 
figures. Hayes rolled his birdie 
putt from IS feet about four feel | 
past tbe bole, then watched as . 
Cochran tried to force a sodden- 1 
death play-off- But Cochran i 
missed his eight-footer fur a 
birdie to end op with a 70 for tbe 1 
day and 274 for the Morsament. . 
Hayes rolled in a four-foot put 
for the championship. ! 

FINAL TOTALS (ip list: 27% M Haws. . 
274: R Cocteau. 275: J GaOwber. D 1 
Brian, T Satduaaaa 27fc 5 fonts, S 
Vcntank. 277: X Kan. 

New York Jets make it 
seven in succession 

By Robert Kirley 


Redskins turn the tables at last 

By Norman de Mesquita 

This could be the season when 

British ice hockey achieves 
something that leagues in all 
spons strive for — parity. With 
no more than 26 matches played 
after the first two weekends of 
the Heineken League premier 
division, only Nottingham Put* 
there have a 100 per cent record 
and Strenthan Redskins have 
made a breakthrough in 

* It was Streatham's first suc- 
cess north of the border since 
January 1984 after 21 defeats 
and one tie; and they achieved it 
against Fife Flyers, who had 
hitherto carried afl before them. 
It was bade to normal on 
Sunday, however, when Dundee 
Rockets beat the Redskins 10-5. 
Outstanding for the Rockets was 
their Czechoslovak import, 
Jaroslav Lycka. 

Solihull Barons achieved 
their first, premier division 
point, sharing 16 goals with 

Cleveland, and there was a tie as 

we!i between Whitley Warriors 
and MarrayfieU Racers, who 
shared 26 goals. Tony Hand 
scored another four goals for 
Racers. Ayr Brains continue to 
struggle and conceded double* 
figure scores at No tting ham 
Panthers and Durham Wasps. 

While the 10 premier division 
clubs vie for six play-off 
places, the first division offers 
promotion to only one of 16 
teams. Not surprisingly, dubs 
are makin g great efforts to 
strengthen their line-ups and 
Lee Valley Uons. following last 
weekend's home defeat by 
Telford Tigers, have dispensed 
with (wo of their Finns and 
imported two young alumni of 
Boston College. 

Mike Bar ro n and Neil Shea 
made their debuts in the week- 
end wins at Oxford and at home 
to Snub and combined for 1? 
goaLs They also seem io have 

given Janne Lehti a new tease of i 
life and he scored six goals. 
Telford had a disappointing 
weekend dropping a home ■ 
point IO Kirkcaldy and suffering 
their first league defeat at 
Southampton. This division is i 
already taking on a cut-lhrofo ( 
appearance and that promotion , 
place will surely be in doubt | 
until the end of the season. 

PRSWSJ DfVSOM: Ctevefend Bomwre 
S, Whrttey Wamors 6; Fite Bytes «, 
Stratton Rtetskins 7; NOtwgham Psn- 
ttara to, Ayr Bruins 3; Dundee Rockste 
tO, SVeatnvn Ralstons 5: Du/totn 
WSSpS 1 1 , Ayr Brutes ft: SolSiuU Batons 8. 
Ctovatend Bondars & Whrttey Warriors 
13, MurrayfteM Racer* 13. 

FIRST DMSlOft Gin«M Eagles io. 
Maemy Bears 7; (hrforoOty Stare a Lea 
Valley , bora 17; Sntrtdon WfcJcats 6. 
Stn&fami CMOS 12; TeHora Tigers & 
Ktetcaldy Kastratt: AHrtecham Aces 8. 
I CriwaWy Kestrels 8; Bournemouth Stags 

8. Sutdotand Chiefs 11; Irvine Wings 5, 
Medway Bears 17: Lea Vatey Uons 10. 
Slough Jets ft Oxlorri dry Stars 4. 
nemttond Flyers 7; Southampton Wrings 

9. Teflwd Tigers 8 

New Yorkers are nothing if 
not effusive, and the success of 
their spons teams will do Utile 
to temper thrir enthusiasm. In 
the afterglow of the Mets' 
victory in the baseball World 
Series, the Giants and the Jets 
are riding high in thrir respec- 
tive divisions in the National 
Football League. 

The Grams, leaders of the 
NFC East, recorded a 17-14 win 
against their arch rivals; the 
Dallas Cowboys, on Sunday, 
and the Jets, leaders of the AFC 
East, beat the Seattle Seahawks 
38-7. The Jets’ win was their 
seventh in succession, a dub 

At East Rutherford, New 
Jersey, Joe Morris ran for 181 
yards and two touchdowns to 
lead the Giants. Dallas, who 
often find a way to beat the 
Giants, suffered through by two 
missed field goals in the second 
quarter, a meagre six-yard punt 
and three cosily penalties on 
their final drive.Tne win gave 
the Giants consecutive victories 
over Washington and Dallas — 
their greatest rivals in the di- 

At Seattle. Ken O’Brien 
passed for 431 yards and four 
touchdowns as the Jets ably 
countered tbe Seahawks’ tena- 
cious defensive uniL O'Brien, 
who entered the game as the 
league’s most accurate quarter- 
back, completed 26 of 32 passes, 
including 17 of 18 spanning the 
second and third quarters. 

At Washington, Jay Schroe- 
der concluded a 378-yard, two- 
touchdown passing effort by 
throwing a 38-yard scoring toss 
to Gary Clark in the second 
minute of Uie sudden -death 
overtime period to carry the 
Redskins past the Minnesota 

Vikings, 44-38. The teams pro- 
duced an impressive total of 
1,013 yards on offense, six 
changes in the lead and three 
missed extra points. Dexter 
Manley, the Washington defen- 
sive rad. said: “It was the 
greatest game I've ever been in." _ 

Tommy Kramer, tbe Minne- 
sota quarterback, contributed 
four touchdown passes and 490 
yards, a career best. He consis- 
tently “went deep”, completing 
scoring passes of 76 and 67 
yards to Leo Lewis, 68 yards to 
Steve Jordan and one yard to 
Darrin Nelson. 



Atlanta Falcons 17; Tampa Bay Bucca- 
neers 34. Buffalo Bias 28; Omannati 

peers 34. Buffalo Bias 28; Oncmnati 
BengMs 24, Detroit Lions 17; Cleveland 
Browns 24. ImHanapa&s Colts 9; New 
Yarn Giants 17. DaBas Cowboys 14; 
Pittsburgh Suetors 27. Groan Bay POcfc- 
ers 3; wains Dolphins 28, Houston Otars 
7; St Lewis CarOnals 13, Hteadelpnia 
Eagles 10; New Orleans Satets 23. San 
Frandsco 490/3 1ft Denver Broncos 21. 
Los Arweies Raiders 10: Kansas Ctay 
Cruets W. San Diego Chanters 23: New 
York jets 38, Seattle Seahawks 7: 
Htasfmgsorr Rsdstons 44. Mnnesota Vi* 
kmgs 38 (set). 


Eastern Division W LT PFPA 

New Yoric Jots 8 1 0 244 173 

New Eng Patriots 6 3 D 244 132 

M$mOotoruns 4 5 0 226240 

ButlatoBilb 2 7 0 173205 

IntttonapoJeGofts 0 9 0 5 0230 

Centra/ Division W LT PFPA 

Cmonrati Bangate 6 3 0 200239 
devoted Browns 6 3 0 199188 
Ptoawati Steteere 3 6 0 142195 
Houston Caere 1 8 0 152208 

Westdm Division W L T PFPA 

Denver Bronoos B 1 0 230146 

Kansas City Chleta 6 3 0 205195 

LA Raders 5 4 0 174166 

Seattle Seahawks 5 4 0 185158 

SanOregoChargare 18 0 1SS248 


Eastern Division W L T PFPA 

NawYorkGtams 7 2 0 186124 

Washington Bedstora 7 2 0 2121B3 

DaaasCcmtxws 6 3 0 2*0i5i 

PMaaeiptaE Eagles 3 6 0 131179 

St Lows Carimats 2 7 0 116204 

6 3 0 240151 
3 6 0 131 179 
2 7 0 116204 

Central Dfvishn W L T PFPA 

Chicago Bears 7 1 0 166 97 

Minnesota VBdngs 5 4 o 214 158 

Detroit Uons 3 6 0 140167 

Tampa Bay Bucs 2 7 0 161246 

Green Bay Packers 1 6 0 111249 

Western Division W L T PFPA 

LA Rams 6 2 0 144127 

Atlanta Falcons 5 3 1 184157 

San Fran 49&s 5 3 1 21114? 

New Orleans Sates 4 5 0 175 160 

Not including last night's 
match between Chicago Bairs 
and Los Angeles Rams. 

st ates 
qg and 




Dancing Brave has 
black eye excuse 


• ;#' 

^5^ *V' . ^ » 

*%<• Ilk 1l| 

•• *W B " /+.•- 

V."v * 

There was almost certainly a 
valid excuse for tbe shock defeat 
of British champion Dancing 
Brave in California at the 

The Arc hero finished a 
lifeless fourth behind Manila in 
the Breeders' Cup Turf, but his 
trainer Guy Harwood revealed 
at Folkestone yesterday that 
Dancing Brave blacked his eye 
during the race, and may. have 
been running almost blind. 

Harwood, who made tbe 
transatlantic dash to the Kent 
course to see his daughter 
Amanda finish unplaced on All 
Intent behind Gafesa in the 
amateurs' race, said: “We were 
very disappointed and sad about 
the defeat, but Dancing Brave 
blacked his near eye. 

“ Din must have been thrown 

up as the runners went over tbe 
crossing, and that may have 
affected his running ** 

Harwood -added: “I was 
particularly disappointed about 
the way the colt came around 
the home turn, and the eye 
injury may have been the rea- 
son- At home; he has always 
worked exceptionally well on a 
left-handed turn.” 

Another competitor in tbe 
amatems's event, the Leeds 
Stakes, was Princess Anne, who 
after an official engagement at 
Clacton, touched down at 
Folkestone in a Royal Flight 
helicopter shortly before the 
second race to prepare for her 
ride aboard Glowing Promise. 

The Pr in ce ss reached third 
place on Glowing Promise but 
was no match for Gaksa. 


Guy Harwood’s Skean, who Is chasing a treble in tbe Tugby Stakes at Leicester today 

Guide to onr in-line racecard 

103(12) 0-0*32 THESFORM(CD£F) (Mrs J Rytay)B Hall 9190 ., — BWWJI) <8 T- 


By Mandarin 

By Onr Newmarket 


1 1 JO Tumeric. 

11 JO Tumeric. 

12.00 Betty Jane. 

12.00 Dragon's Blood. 

1 2.30 Shooting Party. 

1230 Star North- 

1.00 Broken Hearted. 

1.00 Sharp Ego. 

1.30 Cammariao. 

1.30 Statutory. 

2.00 Sleepline Duchess. 

ZOO Jubilee Jamboree. 

2.30 Vilmax. 

2J0 Baytino. 

3.00 Navarzato. 

3.00 Pointed Lady. 

3.30 Rush Ian. 

3 JO Granny Bimps. 

4.00 Henryk. 

4.00 Loud Appeal 

Racecard number. Draw m brackets. SO-Sgurs 
form (F-M.' P-pufed up. U-unaeated rider. B- 
twousW dwm. S-sJppea op. R-retused) Horse's 
name (B-tXMcars. V-wsor. l+hood. E-Eyesfwtd. 
C-courw winner. Odoms wnnar CD-counse 

2 JO BARS8Y SELLING HANDICAP (3-Y-Cfc £704: 1m 4f) (15 rimers) 

sut By Michael Seely 

p 3.00 Navaizato. 4.00 JuUiard. 

wtS Going: good Draw: 5f-6f, low numbers best 

||£ 11 FOSSE WAY CLAIMING STAKES (Div 1: 3-Y-O: £3.262: 1m 2Q I (15 runners) 

om 3 (6) 411010 CAPRICORN BLUE (VJJ) (P AaqotttJ) Jttrorry Ftagerattl 8-5 Oficboto SSF2-1 

f-K, 4 (91 000020 COMMON FARM (M BrfttamJ M Brittain 9-5 P Rottnson 87 — 

5 (IS) 000000 EASTERN PLAYER (M Pridharn) D Latng 9-5 JHMd 81 — 

11,01 7 fl) 0-01200 MATELOT ROYALE (M Butter) A OavQQn 9-5 BROW 85 — 

resj: 10(10] 000034 PRIME NUMBER (FJentora) P Cole 9-5 TOutap 86 9-2 

for 12 m 042313 TWMERIC (C Spence) 0 Moriey 9-5 R Cochrane 95 4-1 

COU1 13 (14) 000430 WRXOW GORGE (H) (Mrs N Lenta) G lawts 9-5 PWWdran 87 12-1 

T 17 (3} 001040 LYDIA EVA (CBtoGfcvraflJfl Hannon 9-2 AMcGkme 9T 91 

18(13! 00 MtSS TMED (OF) (D Macrae) W Jct4sD- 2 AMmt«» 97 — 

*rOII 22 « 200000 CHEEHFUL 7WES(V)(B Cousins) K ivory 9-1 PCoofc 8* — 

SOW 26 (8) 004004 ClffiVET LADY (V, ABF) (D (Steens) B WWWier 912 KBradtetew® 90 13-2 

nun 29 (7) 301300 PNRjOSOPMCAL (G Ctemmng) W RAsson 8-12 M WtgJwm 91 — 

and 32(11! 001002 DHESSM SPRING (Spring House) GOum 8-10 MHaamer 79 5-1 

■ 33 (12) 023040 CARVERY (V) (T Warner] A Hide M Thm* 099 — 

42 (4] GAY STARLIGHT (Mrs V Ball) Mss L SUdel 84 — 

fl 198&.TOPSOK. 8-13 S Cauftsn (2-1 fav) R Simpson 10 ran 

12.0 HOBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div 1, part 1: 2-Y-O: £1 ,535; 1m) (17 runners) 

2 -(JO) 0400 WORTH PE2M7WO (M Oernanoa) Q Gaines 9-8 

3 (3) 000 SANDY BILL (G Moses) M Tompkins 9-3 

5 (11) 020030 SLEBPLME OllCHESS (Ms»S Armstrong) G Kutfer 9-0 — 

6 (8) 2-04000 HAJ (T Chan) Mss L Bower 8-13 - 

7 (6) 003402 FRE LORD (J Ross) J Jenkins 913 

8 (4) 800300 JUBILEE JAIWJMEE (B)(Mm E AldOtta) A Htfto 8-13 

9 (14) 0204)00 MONTSERtBS (B) (V Lora) B Praeco 8-11 

10 p) 000000 WAY ABOVE (B) (H HvBdb) H Rohan 91 1 

11 (7) 0-4Q04 NAME THE DAY pj) (j Douglas-Home) J Douglas-Home 8-8 

12 (IS) 0-00000 TYRAM8SE (D BoB) B McMahon 8-7 

13 (13) 04000 EXPSCTWnMSSn'NawttmtyB Morgan 84 

14 (8) 0-00000 SUNurjQ Reed) C Thornton 8-5 

16 (12) 00000 GOLDEN AZEUA ft B raz rtgton) R Bradngton 8-4 ; 

17 (5) 00-000 PIATMUM STAR (R Htedsworfli) T Kersey 62 

18 (9 02040? JU.70WN1AD (5 BJrta^H Beasley 8-1 

SKMgMtef — 7-2 
R Cochrane — — 
RCorterg) to EM 

4 Retd 90 11-2 

~ BRowo 9a 7-2 

PRoHnaCM 82 — 

— N Adana -ST.— 

— A CM • 90101 . 
. WNm 90 6-1 
-AMecfcay 93 12-1 

W Rya» - 82 — 

-JIKS 89 — 

1985: KBO STAR 9-7 M WAghacn (10-11 fav) M Ushor 8 ran 

2J0 FOSSE WAY CLAWING STAKES (Div Ik 3-Y-O; £3,262: 1m 2^(15 runners) 

6 (3) 000140 4AAZBa.A0)(JGtnsl) DIAmBySmitfi 8S 1 R Wwnfraw B 

8 (11) 004020 HO BOLDER (B Ryan) R Hannon 95 — .... AMcOiowe . K 

9 (15) <00240 POftO BOY (Mrs B SathaawarajC N WfltaRs9-5 G Baxter W 

14 (2) 03003 BAYTWO (BF) (R Brown) H CUBngrtdfle 9-2 ; MKmmer . 8C 

15 (51 000000 LADY WM0MLL (G StBtnbetg) K Ivory 94 ^. GMorgmi B 

21 (14) 040000 ROYAL EFFIGY (J Seytes) 0 LasQe 9-2 JMm 91 

24 (1) 4-04001 PUUN TALK (Sir GBmnton) A W08 9-1 ; PBrtM(7) 91 

28 (13) 330000 HOT M098HA (K Bettel) R Bws S-12 PMTEddaiy «9S 

30 (8) 00 tOUJSON (Mrs E O'DanoaB) D ODtXRiell 8-11 ; — : — . WHi wm — 

31 (4) DORA FROST (Mrs A Dweef) J Dougtae-Home 8-10 : — WRjan — 

36 (9) 00-3320 RYMOS (B) (E«3tB 189 « Sfcnpaon 8-7 

38 (6) 042 HISS BECCA (W Haigh) W Hsagh 8-6 

39 (10) 2 VILMAX (E Gettin) 8 McMahon SO 

40 (7) 000030 DELTA UMA (B) (R De Liaaar) G KbidarslBy 8-6- 

P BretM (7) 9111-4 

PWrfEddaiy «99 4-1 

; — . w N i wwi — — 

: WRyan — 

SWMbMdb 9112-1 
— JH Brawn (5) .98102 

G Carter -98 7-1 

JUd 91 — 

41 (12) POtHTOtrs PfKXSESS <B) (Um S Paintan] □ BurcheS 05 TWBam — — 

1965: Sea 11J0 race - - 

3JITUGBYEBF STAKES (£4,002: 7f) (20 runners) - 

2 (7) 

AVENIO(B Clark) J Francome 90 





B (11) 
9 (17) 

003 CLOPTON (G HuOiwti) M Ryan 9-0 

00004 QESIGN WISE (A MNar DePpi) A Ingham 9-0 


A Shootts (3) 




IT (6) 

DRAGON'S BLOOD (S Nischos) H CeC4 9-0 

_ Pate Eddery 

. M HMe 




19 (16) 
21 (13) 

000030 JONnEfTYorlcMR/itenufStW) 

KURDISH PRMCE (M Qssharn) N Vlgas 9-0 

... 8 WMlworfli 

P Cook 

. P9iaana(7) 

81 1Z-1 

25 (12) 
27 (3) 
29 p) 

00 MARCOWCH (8) (P Barth) M BttRSfMfld 90 — 

MODS. LAD (NKand & Treacy) 0 OHea 8-0 

0 PALACE SONG (A AnastasKXj) C Charter 9-0 

N Adams 


R Cochrane 

N Howe 



• 99F2-1 

55 (4) 

3300 NABRAS (H Al-MaMoum) H Threnson Jones 911 

A Murray 

W Ryan 



82 (10) 

d TWICE Brnai <Mre p Maiorq PMafcirr 91 J-T^. 




2 (7) 200300 NAVARZATO (BAO)(*4de Momma) RShaathor 307 AShoottafS? *8 5-1 

3 021280 MAWSUFF (D) (H AMtefctoum) H Thonson Janas 30-4 RMOa 88 3-1 

4 (3) 002000 PARK TRAD81 (N Yiraourrn) J Payne 40-3 G Barthn* (7) 78 — 

5 (9) 40-0200 PALBOON (0 Faulkner) R HoRnsbead 40-2 ___ SP«ta 7* — 

5(14) 090000 WA JUBES (JOowtBidJPAniw 4-9-1 OMoa 

7 (4) 041300 NUDSHA (CD) (Ctaveiay PMc SUd) Q MVfar 30-1 — R Carter (5) 1712-1 

8(19) 022211 SKEAN (tg (Mrs J Ctwidte) B Hanmod 30-1 GSteritay -92 7-2 

10 |5) 400000 BARCLAY STREET (CO) (Lor) Matthews) I Maobaws 300 — JReW *9910-1 

11 (6) 003141 BROADHURST (BA (L B*an J EtheWigam 300 A Moray ■ — 70 

13 (20) 002400 QWNTA BEEF (F Lae) M Janrla 30-0 : — Tteaa 94 6-1 

15 (12) 000- BUGATTT (B) (□ Metem) 0 BurcTn* 8-8-13 T Wemi 

16 (1) 000000 SAHARA SHADOW (D) (M TebM) t> Tucker 4-B-13 1 — K — 

19 ( 16 ) 220022 PERSHMG (Mrs M BoOBl) J Leigh 50-12 : _4Caw(7) 71 • — 

1965: OSTBiSIBLE 80 G Starkey (4-5 lav) G Harwood 15 ran 

1250 HOBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div I, part 2 2-Y-O: £1 ,535: 1m) (17 runners) 

0 DON’T YER KNOW (B) (Sir G Reece) 0 Moriey 9-0 

00 FEARLESS MAN (M Yang) LPIggait 94 

0 GERUHty (i Southron) M Prescott 9-0 — — — 

GATED 1£PHEW(T Said) CTtnlder 9-0 

GLOVSTS WHD (T Glowr) R WMBker 9-0 

044000 PARKERS JOY (Mrs J Parker) p Burehefl 9-0 

0 SHOOTING PARTY (L Ftooiftnan) H Cac« 90 

00 ULYSSES (Mrs A Dale) D Date 90 

00 ANCRADA (H Ranter) B Hantxay 8-11 

CONNAUGKTS JOY (Mrs M Murray) B McMahon 8-1 1 . 

T Ives SS F7-4 

C Natter 

M Birch 


— G BintetaB(7) 09 — 

WRyao *99 3-1 


A Gam (5) — - 10-1 


20 (15) 000000 SPARKY LAO (0)(DKflBy) A Jmfe 30-12 — 75 — 

21 (8) 343244 TtT WILLOW [H^F) (1 Bal) S Norton 4-6-1 2 ; D NfctroB* 65 — 

23(17) 1000-00 LADY EUR0UNK (C) (EivoSnk Cora Sad P Mrtetwl 4-8-10 AMcGtam T2 — 

25 (13) 420021 P09fTH> LADY (D) (KindartBI Carp) B Armstrong 3-4-10 G Baxter 79 — 

26 (18) 442100 SYB0.FAWLTY(V)(C Wright) D Laing 34-10 WNamas 84 — 

27 ( 10 ) 342421 ACTUAUZATONS (R SlOkeK) L Cunani 3-8-9 RCoctaaaa 84 — 

40 (11) 344402 SOMETHWG CASUAL (VJt) (Mia CBMsoa) A HdaSM R Guest 9411-2 

1965; ROYMM 9-9-8 J RaM 94 C SemMad 15 ran 

:na»H MANSUFF, 8th m (ratandv4i«rtast seen 2 months ago. bast of KstormfSO) a short head defeat 
\#iun Of Star Cutter (9-0). thapairiOt dear. atSandown In June(rinvm,E4333. good to firm, June 14. 
I ran). PARIS TRADER, (8-5) ust owr 21 5th to Gold Pru ap ea (9-8) at Newbury (H. ES293, soft. Oct 25. 27 
n). Earier (7-7) 71 6Ui to Mat (94) ai the Cambridgeshire with NAVARZATO(9-ffl 1SI bade m 9lh but racbn 
i the unfavoured tar aide (im 11yds. £37261. good to Him. Oct 4. 31 ran). SKEAN, (8-7) got up lo eaten 
3AETH1NG CASUAL (S-Q. beating bar 11 here (®. £3266. good to Arm. Oct 21 . 12 on)- BARCLAY SWEET 
st ran In August On pe ml tt na te start (9-4) <1 Stn ip Sttr Cutter (9-W at Gooowiood ffl. gS048.npod.JuN29: 
! ran). BKMMUmf. (8-2) beat Bata Barns «-1 3) at Radcar (71. £2B45. good, Oct 28. 22 ranLMTUALIZA- 

50 (13) DEVON LASS {SheAh Mohammed) J Dunlop B-ll W Carson — 52 

51 (1) 0 OREEMSKERRY (A WMta) R HoBnshead 8-11 SPtefca 

52 (8) HOLLJE DANONG (T Lyons 8) P Arthur 8-11 NtRMBMNBI 

53(10) 0 LH.Y MAB(R BeUarsanj PKefcway 8-11 Gay Kalmray (3) -8-1 

54 (3) 00 MAIN ROCKET (K Porter) Mjamtt 8-11 PHaUanp) 

58 (4) 0 HAMUFHfll (MarquesadeMoraWto) R 8h— wr6-11 Mflbanwr — 10-1 

61 IS) 8 TUreFUL FLUTTER (J ArmyBge) M Btanshard 6-1 1__*_ WNamaa 

1985: See 124 race 

1.0 HOBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div II. part 1: 2-Y-O: El ,468: 1m) (18 runners) 

'4 AUGUSTUS CAESAR (RDHey)RAfceiwret 94 S WWnortti 

7(15 BROKBI HEARTED (F Salman) P cola »p TttMai —S-1 

10 (3) 00 BURLY NATIVE (Haattanon StaMea) G Pntcftartf-Gordon 9-0 WRya» — 10-1 

11 (16) 40 CAJUN DANCER (MPeratfcae) ME Francs 90 C Rutter (3) 

18 (2) FRENCH QOMXXJBi (Maktoum AI Makteum) O Dod* 90 _ Paol Eddery — 3-1 

21 (15) 00 HONE TO TARA IN Sweeney) R HoBnshead 6-0 8 Parks 

27(14) PIRACY (Capt R Smyty) B Smyfy 94) AMiarey 

28 (18) PPS LITTIE SECRET (B Saebraok) T Kersey 90 — 

35 (6) 00300 SOULEtADOU (B) (Mrs V Lcngcroft) R Jotxrscm Houjpitnn 90 JReM 95 4-1 

36 (4) 0 BARMERA (W Chua) M Jarvis 8-1 1 Tlocas 

37 (8) 00 a SIAMO (E Addison) M Ryan 8-11 PRoMnaen *99 — 

41 (7) 00 FAIR MOON (Q Watson) WChartas 8-11 JWBams 

42 (10) 00 RHAL RUSH <KCampbe*)DOu£Kon 8-11 BCrosdey 

43 (1) GRAND ECUPSEQV Horton) P KdMiwy 8-11 Gay KeBaaoy (3) 

46 p7) 00 MAGNOLIA FRMCESS (B Btehop) K Bridgwater 8-11 P9aaaa(7) 

50 (9) 20 SCALLYKATH(S Jack) B Hodges B-11 N Adams 95 — 

51 (11) SHARP BQO (SheMt WROrtr* urn — FS-4 

52(12) 0 WESTM9«TBt WALTZ {E MBs) DTbora 8-11 G Sexton 

1985: COUPE tTHOE 841 R Unas (16-1) W Hastings-Bass 16 ran 

1J0 HOBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div I, part a 2-Y-O: £1,535: 1m) (17 runners) 

4 (1) 04 CAMMARMO0 Allan) H Candy eo WNevnaa 88 8-1 

5 (15) 00 CARPET CAPERS (A Baxter) R Smyth 9-0 SWMtteortti 88 — 

18 (16) IMPERIAL BRUSH <P Pufttn) D Bsworti 94) A McGOooe — 12-1 

20(131 KHATTAF (H APMaktoum) C Benstsed 94) B Route 

26 (17) 00 MARKET SPIRIT (B) (J Walton) P Bloddey 9-0 i GSWtery 

28 (1Z) 00 OWTONOrrE(MrsMOTooie)CTkiklerW> MBirdi 84 — 

34 (7) 00 RA RAVER (R Holdings Ltd) B McMahon 9-0 JMBa(5) 

35 (10) 0 SALOPASD (J Lamote) M Jarvis 94) TLueaa — — 

37 (4) 04 SUPPERY MAX ( J McLaren) G PntdautHSordon 94) G Carter 80 3-1 

38 (11) 042 STAR NORTH (E Holding) L Plggott 9-0 Thaw e»F5-4 

39 (14) STATUTORY (Sheikh Mohanxned) O Oouieb 94) Pad Eddery — 5-1 

41 (3) 330000 SWING SINGER (A Smith) HWfcidng 94) W Wood* (3) 00 — 

42 (6) THE GAELCHARN (Mrs W TiBodi) C Nelson 94) JMd . 

43 (2) 000000 TRY MU5 SUPPUES (V) (Wa SuppBes) M Cnapmvi 90 JWNna 

57 (5) 0 OH WIGGY(BSeatxDok)T Kersey 8-11 MVAgham 

60 (9) SALAZIEfj Wigan) WHaMngeBaaa 8-11 — 

63 (8) 000004 VUVStn-AS (Mrs A Mutch) Rlappk>(7) 79 — 

1985: See 12B race 

__ 1?"! FORM MANSUFF, 8 tfim (retend rtien test seen 2 months ego. bed of his torm (90) a sharl 
85 01 Star Cutter (9-0). the par lO dear. « Sundown lr Jine (71 nyjn.E4333.oood toll 

— — 18 rant PARIS TRADER, (8-5) irtt oner 21 5th to Gotti Pro sp ect (9-81 at Newbury ( 8 J. £5293, sot 

ran). Earier (7-7) 71 6Ui to Mies (96) ai the C a mbr ielg e sH ire with NAVARZATO(9-MHtl back (n 9 

— — on the unfavoured far aide (im 11 yds. £37281. good K) Arm. Oct 4. 31 rap). SKEAN, (8-7) got 
19 SOAETH 1 NG CASUAL (SSL beating har 11 here $ 1 . £3268. good to Ann. Oct 21. 12 ran). BAffCL 

,o> 3.1 last ran In August On penultimalfl stut (9-4) 4] 5th to Star Cutter (9-Q at Gooswood W. £5048,g« 

_ 1 2 ran). BROADKlRtST, (8-2) beat Bala Bonus (8-1 3) at Radcar (71. 0345. good, Oct 28. 22 ran). A 

TION&rS-d) held on to beat Black Comedy (&- 8 ) a neck at HotOngham a weak ago. SPAHKY LAD 
(81. £1797. good, 19 ran. GdecBun: BARCLAY STREET 

— 9-2 130 HOBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div 1L part 2: 2*Y-0: £1.468: 1m) (18 runners) 

a neck at Notongham a weak ago. SPAHKY LAD (9-3) behind 

. AL FAYES (M Usher) Mltehar 90 l MWIgham — 12-1 

0 BALHOUt EXPRESS <B Ro*ns) A Wde 90 RGnart 

0008 BIMTIOUS BOV (T PBdngton)R Hdlnshead 94) i SPadm 79 10-1 

004300 C(WM9SD EXBtCfSE (Mrs W McAlptoe) R Snyth 90 SWhRtearfh 96 8 - 1 - 

00 FARIERS GAMBLE (W Ponsfonfl N Kendck 90 RStreat 

0 FESTIVE OCCASON (Sir G Reece) 0 Horif 94). T— i 

3 HAATF (BF) (H AFMaktown) H Thomson Jones 90 RMBa *99F7-4 

0 UNCO KING (W Wharton) w Wharton 90 — — 

00 MANStO (Mrs D O teckba rM H Candy 90 WNawaes 90 — 

REGAL BRASS [BTownaend)T Taylor 90 NCaWala 

ROSY CHEEKS (P SaviQ M Pipe 90 Pad Ed der y 

00 RUSHLUAN(V)(FSakmn)PCOtaSO : TOttern 91 7-1 

DOUBLE GOT (Mrs PScotMRmnJK May 8-11^ G Morgan 

0 DHEAMBtG RIVER (S Enpei) R Johnson Houghton 9-11 JRaM 

04 QRAW1YBWPS (bn ThoRteghbrad Breeders) 95 92 

45 (I) 00 HAIL A CAB (B Brazington) R Brazington 8-11 

47 (18) 000 MELDON MLL (R Vlno^ 0 Bsworth S11 : 

49 (12) 0 NAUTICAL BELLE p Satmbuy) D Ringer 6-11 — 

1985: See LO race 

4 J PYTCHLEY STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,013: 71) (18 runners) 

2 (2) 01 STUBBLE FBIE (R 4 (Dtjka ot Marlmraugh) J Ourd 

. 3 |7) 1 AFTERNOON WINNER (U) (J Brody) G Harwood 9 

7 (3) 00 ARQUAT 1 REDWOOD (Aiguab I* Ltd) R WIBams 8 

8 ( 6 ) 0 ASH-DEE ROYALE (Miss J voce) H Whiling 6-11— 

9 (15) ‘ 3 BEL BYOU (F Sokran) P Me 8-11 

11 ( 11 ) 00 FRIMLEYPARKSON (7 Lyons II) P Arthur 6-11 

13(18) GRAPE (Lord R Russed) W Jarvis 8-11 

14 (12) 2 HBtHYK (Btdte Ud] R Smpeon 8-11 

75 (9) 00 JADE HUNTER (9F) (Shell* Mohammed) H Cadi B 

18 ( 8 ) 0 JEFF HARRS (E Keeton) M Prescott 8-11 

17(14) 2 JULUARD (R Sangstar) M W Diddnson 8-11 — — 

16 (13) 02 LOUO APPEAL (Mrs 0 Haynes) M Stouts 8-11 

20 (16) LYNCOMBE BOY (V Tjoie) P Bowden 6-11 

23 (4) 0 MELROW (J Rowland) P Arynr 8-1 1 

24 ( 1 ) MM ALLAH (Prince A Safeaan)H Cool 8-11 

27 (17) TMBUCX(KAbdu&a)G Harwood 8-11 

29 (IQ) 0 BUSTS) HARMONY (C Shack) J Shew M 

31 (S) HARUSl (J fVchmonOWatson) G Harwood 8 -a 


01 STUBBLE FME (CO)(DukaotMartt>oraugh) J Duriop9-3 — 
1 AFTEmOON WINNBI (0)P Brody) G Harwood 92 



90 92 
87 ra-4 

00 ARQUAT 1 REDWOOD (AiguaO Uk LM) R WIBara 911 

0 ASH-QEE ROYALE (Mire J Voce) H WMttog 8-11 
3 BO. BYOU (F Salman] P CO* 911 - 


_W Woods ra 



_ S Whitworth 

• 99 



2 JUlLUARD (R Sangstar) M W Diddnson 911 




LYNCOMBE BOY (V T( 0 to) P Bowden 911 


lifiij miHHm ... 

. iim* iwitiui 

- Paul Eddery ' 

— R Cochrane — — 



1986: T1CKF0RD 88 G Stadcay (7-2) G Harwood 8 ran 

Course specialists 

M Stoma 


Winners Runnany Pm Cent 
41 93 44.1 

27 S3 29 JO 

ZB U4 2*£ 

10 46 22 2 


Winners Runners Percent 
W Carson 41 191 214 

G Starkey 17 W . 173 

TGudn 17 . 113 15 l0 

A Murray 11 . 100 11.0 


2.15 VINTAGE VUEVE CLICQUOT HANDICAP HURDLE (£3,017: 2m2f)00 runners) 

1.15 Venetian Princess. 
1.45 Grateful Heir. 

2.15 The DiplomaL 


By Mandarin 

2.45 Owen Giendower. 
3.15 Tbe Royal Comrie. 

3.45 Bold Impression. 

The Times Private Handicapper’s top rating: 1.15 CHESTERFIELD (nap). 

Going: good 

1.15 BOXGROVE SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£873: 2m 21) (22 runners) 

1 001-002 FIRE CHie^TAM (CO) (B Paorco) J Long 8-11-13 L«au Long (7) 83 1V2 

2 OfUOOFF- BRITISH CROWN (CD) (M 8 o<Son)S Woodman fO-t 1-8 P Scudamore 82 7-1 

4 P00033/ TUDOR BOB (A Afcight) C Holme 8-11-4 CCnor(4) 

5 000/42-0 STWGO (K httgaon) A Moore 7-11-0 Candy Moore (7) 84 14-1 

8 2-00030 PASS ASHORE (B)(MtesJGouM)MOI*W 7-114) R Donwoody 91 4-1 

8 300004/ BALLYSEEDY HERO (J Ford) Mss P O'Connor 8-10-13 — 

9 00-03 THAMES TRADER (H Booty) P Haynes 5-19-12 A Wat* — 14-1 

10 092430 SPARKLER SUPERB (V)(B Gorton) PPritdWd 9-10-11 DOUraa 9114-1 

11 009940 GOLDORATX)N(N Upson) P Upton 71-70-10 J Akafmrat 87 10-1 

12 339P30 STEAMY (B) (Mas J Heed) DOughten 5-10-9 HDavtea 9013-2 

13 P4IP00U STRETCH OUT (MB Bacon) A Moore 8-1041 PHrere9(7) 

14 OOF40-2 VBtETIAN PRINCESS (Mrs J Part) MraJPOiwn 3-108 GHorea 91 F3-1 

16 OOOflPO- BROMWICH BOY (P Hedger) PHadger 6-104 P Corrigan 92 — 

17 P RENDSLEY G9IL(hbS Ltospun) A lagham 7-10-3 HJenUu(7) 

18 P03010 tdCB -Y NICELY (B) (J Dannia) P Borelen 5-10-3 R Denote (4) 87 — 

19 O OHKM l IdAlirtG TIMES (CT) (Mas S Waterman) MteSWaWnanB-IOA. S Wateiiuin 87 — 

20 Q/FF334 CHESTERHBJI (Miss T PU) R CUttB 9-104} RGeMatein *99 — 

21 0400-00 MANOMANO (Mrs PTownsley) Mrs PTownstey 7-199— MrPTcnmstey B 8 — 

22 2SP304 SONG CFCHRtsnEQhrH Ngan) A Dovtaon 4-100 R Pussy 88 — 

23 P-30303 GREAT OWINQ (D Hocig A Dsvtson 4-10-0 Penny Fflteh U a yaa 99 — 

24 44M02B SOLSTICE BEIL fB) (Mrs H KBtfTt) R Voorspuy 4-TOC MRatoag 99 — 

25 300000 ASCOT ACAM OR (MR D FanetQ J P Srteth 10-100 G Landau (4) 90 — 

19B& N9WAL HRffiAY 7-9-10 D Murphy (11-4 taw) D Wttoon 14 ran 


110yd) (7 runners) 

1 131*101/ WMGETTS (T Duka) Mbs L Bower ID-1 1-10 Rftert — 30-1 

2 3/34032- TOM TAILOR (CD) (Mss S Thomson) R Armytaga 9-11-8 Mr M Armytaga (7) 86 FS -2 

4 010040- FEARLESS IMP (CD) (J Ttaanan) R Shepherd 11-1T-5 - DMh 87 12-1 

5 00/2240- OVERSWAT (Mrs S Jones) MraDHabw 9-1 1-6 SSnAEcctea 91 S-1 

7 F4F034- BRIGHT MOnma 04 Slonor) D Grtaaai 8-10-12 JNataal 98 04 

8 01F/030- ORATBULWR (Mrs J O'Brian) NGteetoe 7-10-12 Dteinma *99 11-4 

11 P-U30P4 3THAIGtfrUNE(NVYhadBr)NV«iaaior T3-1M Mr H Wheeler 90 8-1 

198ft LA7W AHSNCAN 8-71-10 R Dunwoody (8-7) T Forster S ran 

1 002141- MLAWER (CD) (J Daniels) J Davies 5-1 1-10 G Hewer (7) B 88 SI 

2 PB3112 1 PAHS NORTH (NGoymoOS Woodman S1 1-5 PScodresore — 7-1 

4 K2PP-4 HOT HAWED (CO) p Nash) C Nash S 11-0 i RDonareody 77 SI 

5 4004-00 HMZ1ARA (B) (B Scott) W R WMemS S10-6 Mr T <fcsn«re» (4) 82 1S1 

6 U00133- INSHRF (CD) (J Bbd) A Moore 4-10-4 Q Moore 98 10-1 

7 20P14-9 NORTHERN HOPE (D Geuysr) G Wndwsley 4-1 04 C Brews 9> SI 

8 40/001- waTSHRE YEOMAN (J Sawyer) P Hsywwd S 10 -Z CMami .8829-1 

9 34S314 SAN CARLOS (OLBF)Wre SCruwa) A tegham 4-1 SI KCaptea(7) 98 F4-1 

10 040-022 THE IMPtmAT (T Fry) W Kemp S1IMI — S SMUten 97 SI 

11 FU014-4 IBSTBt FEATHS 1 S(B) (Mrs M Fonte) JS King STO-O S Mc ff eN 90 ISt 

19te Ne Cor raa powS n n race 

(8 runners) 

1 43441-4 UUIRBICE RAMBLER (B) (S TYxteO) S MeBor 1S11-13 O I teut o n 88 TS 2 

2 44442S NOTRE CHEVAL QteS J Morris) J Honeyball 7-11-e L Hmrey 82 SI 

3 2330-20 BRIT (CO) (T Jarett) W G Tumor 7-T1-8 C Warren 98 SI 

4 400442- SOUTKMWNSPBirrm Doe) MwL Bower 1 S 1 1-4 GMewrfN 90 12-1 

5 400/13- DENBTON (D linctorwood) O Underwood S1S8 MBgrtby " 95 20-1 

7 02*143 RNAL CLEAR (BmB Farm Ltd) J Od S1S5— — .C Una l /il *99 SI 

8 2133/44- OWBI GLENDOWBT (Mrs J SpeBnan) R Kakter S1S1 B Dewi n g 99 SI 

10 P-30U33 SQUARE-RKSQES(V) (O Hentey)P Butter SIOQ M Afi ea m — 10-1 

1985: BTUT S1 1-1 C Warren (4-1) W G Tumor 3 ran- 

! 3.1S JAEGER RJUJ. NOVICE CHASE (£1,600: 2m 2f 110yd) (8 runners) 

1 S10312 THE ROYAL COHREWDI (Mbs NHertOh) Mo* LBowm 7-1 1-11 R Raws* *99 SI 

2 PF-041P DORNVALLEVLAD(GB 0 atey)PPHtd«RfS 11-7 R Stomp* 93 St 

4 1O42P0 CARO WOOD (RFMte)J Dawes S 1 1-3 — H fntl OMa 85 1 S 1 

5 11U0O1- CUMREW(N Hants) N Vigors S11-3 CC«(4] — PS1 

6 POOOQM FADING OAWMiO l lo ntey) P BWterS11-3 G Moore — 3S1 

7 FB PBnrecraOUmON (Mrs S Rowe) PffeynesSTI-3 : : A Webb — »SI 

a 0D-C2FF TEXAS TURKEY (D Wright) D Oughtan Sf 1-3 1 HDntea - — SI 

IQ 0/OB3PP- H*TTrAHA (R BereMQ Mrs C Reavey S 1 S 12 QMcCowt — 12-1 

198ft STRETCH OUT 7-11-3 G Moore (1S1) A Moore 11 ren 

Course specialists 








SSmtth Ecctefi 





Par Com 

. 21-3 



E Murphy 



1 &S 








G Moore 


. 138 




R Rorrefl 






A Madgwick 




a4S EBF NOVICE HURDLE (QuaBfien £1^37: 2m 2Q (17 runners) 

1 OP-1310 «B (CO) <D Adam) N Henderson *-11-10 S& 

2 O00P-1 OUR W3BBY (M Madgwick) M Msdgdcfc 4-11-10 4 

3 UFO-1 PBT 8 miQE (CD) (MreE PintoS JGtftore *11-5 

4 F- ART1C Cire (R Hawthorn) TM Jonas 5-n-0..„ - 

6 PPS BETTTS PEARL (Mrs BBwcheS) A Moore S11-0 

7 BOLD OR>RESSKM(CGIyn)N G 8 Mlee Si 1-0 P 

6 US CITY SUCKER (P Wnkjwrtfi) S MeBOf S-T1-0 — 3 

9 HUSH COVBTT (G Qregsoo) G Gregson Si 1-0 WTO 

12 PS MLMAGAK (P Smfflfl P Haynes St 1-0 1 

13 0300P- M 6 TERCmiSnAN(DWi 10 it)P Haynes S11-0 

14 P OflPS MORE ONE WAY (0 Heath) R Partar-5-11-0 

15 FQ-fl IB40H LAD (Eva Lady Rptetwy) Lady HwtesS1l-0 

19 PS WRONG WONTED ^ DS»dW»ffl]T Forster SI 1-0 

20 P BJ2AMABBRDOK(FNasc<8WltenipS19e^ 1 

21 US MBS ME NOT (M Truster) B Wise 4-198 

. 22 ROSa OH (P VenoaQ O Biuffl S-1S9 — 

[ 24 20P30-4 SQKi OP CfBQSTS (Dr H NgaH) A Davteoo 4rlS8 NO 

199ft HOT HANDS) S1SS R Cknwoody (25-1) C N 9 Mi 6 ran 

S SnaBh Ecdte «1 9-4 

A M adgwick Si SI 

BMamhy *9»F7-4 


G Moore — — 

PSeudanwre. — SI 

: GUMteu (4) 89 — 

MrTGreaBtere W — — 
___ R JBeggan — — 
A Webb 92 — 



HDntea — 1S2 


— — r no w — — 

J Bartow 

— MO wn u NNcn — 


^MaadamOMScliad Phillips) 

Ben Hanbnry, the New- can . capitalise «P«* 
market trainer, excelled earlier promising run . behind jus 
this year when hie guided -stable companion Scanet 
Midway Lady to win both the Blade in the Hots'll ton States 
1,000 Guineas and the Oaks: at Newmarket by winning 

Now, following the runaway another, 
victory the Duke Today's nap, though, & 

y) B Hall SI 0-0 _ 5Wtet(l) 88 7-2 

and dtetance erfnnar. OT -beaten temortte te tettsr 
ran). Owner hi bna da i s . Daewr. Age and 
weighL Rater pfas any akwrenoa. ' The Times 
Prate Handicapper's r e tting. Appraxirnate Sterttng 

of Edinburgh Stakes at Ascot, entrusted to Dooghty Rchdia 
test montb, be is entertaining ^ Tfcesdaie Haiwirmp Hurdle 
hopes of at least winning die atSedgefieUL 
1,000 again next year. . ffi^Bcantly, his mdaac 

But it his aspirations are to Gordon Richards has decided 
go into tbe winter with a to nin this improved five- 
degree of reality be must first. yeax^olfL over hurdles again 
hope to bean that. Rod Mislead of sending him (mas- 
Simpson’s colt Henryk: has ing which was his choice both 
won the Pytchfey Stakes at yesnaday and today. 

Leicestg thisafiemoom Fm-it After winning his first race 

was, ^Hyk v*o dnsed q{ ^ Hexham, 

Raahi a home xt Ascot, aJbeat DoiJ g| lt yg c 5 C j«as a .<fc c isive 
at the resectable distance of over today’* course 

four lengths. . - (Tictanre- last month wh&l 

Today, Henryk shears to 
have most to from After- 
noon Winner, who started 
favourite at -even money to 
win her first race at Leicester 
and .never looked' in any 
daiser of Jetting her support- 
ers down. 

When Rather Homely won 
the, first race at. FoQcstone 
yesterday she took her trainer 
Paul Cole’s tally for the season 
to 61. That equalled his best 
And Considering thathe is still 
finding bis way around the 
Whatcombe gallops, - rather 
like Michael Dickinson is at 
Manton. that is .a fine 

This afternoon Cole wiB not 
be without hope that Broken 
Hearted and RbsHobb can 
help to give him an even 
higher target to aim at next 
year by winning their races at 
Leicester. - - 

Otherwise, the rest of my 
hopes on the Midlands track 
are pinned on Betty Jane 
(l 10) and Shooting Party 

Runner-up to Sannox Bay 
on her last visit to the coarse, 
Betty Jane can go one better in 
tbe first of tbe numerous 
divisions of the Hoby Maiden 
Stakes while Shooting Party 

- winner over today’s course 
'and distance last mootb when 
he managed to give the hot 
favourite Buck Up the slip. 

Heavily backed again to 
retrieve those losses at 
Southwell last Thursday. Buck 
Up tooted like doing so und! 

the second-fad huidte brought 
about his downfefl. 

As at the time he was going 
fike a winner 1 think that 
Doughty Rebel did weD to 
beat him ember. 

Meanwhile, at Fontwefl I 
give Gratefiri Heir a good 
chan ce of winning the Frank . 
Cundell ChaDemge Trophy. 
Last December Nuk Gaseiee’s 
seven-year-old had Golden 
Friend just behind when he 
finished third to: Royal To Do 
and Skegby at Notti n gha m . 

Just on that run he is by no 
means harshly treated now 
with 10sL121b and looks an- 
other likely winner for 
Dermot Browne who was seen 
to such good effect at 
Chepstow on Saturday riding 
Fort Rupert to victory. 

Blinkered first time 

M Times,. Carver/. 120 



fourth in f 

FremaC onesp o ink ar, 7 

Santa Anita, Qififemia 

Be Strry SOAMeafawi A»>‘ f 
xcraiJ FfeM, alter leaffiBK ift (he i 

howe stntiditr faded m fddi V. 
Itairife be&flNp the Gatifantiaa 
mare Boone He in the £248^00 

Yds* Bffibeo Stakes tt-Snsa " 

Ante M Sunday. 

The Bw-jopeli wfaner fa. . . 
owned and was fared by Astfcar. 
Badgett and cows firo«B the 
«p»i»— fiudb as B fafc ea e y adh r 
Morstoo, wheat B B tetthdadh ' 
to wto the XMgstfUO and: 
1973. : j. 

Asteroid Bdd was always W 
weB niaecd on the raB dose , 
be hi nd Che fimmfa; Top Cor- 
ssge, wbo cat ootthmntmdng. 

foent Tbomson asked her to 
» and wfat ha- race as Top 
Corsage faltered e n te ring the 
home straight. 

For tea strides AstanU VkM ■■ 
seemed to bare the BSUob hr ;. 

*m iheoBtside, tbe way 

Fernando Toro, hem of the 
Bodweber ArBagtiw Miflioo «i 
Esacapede, food a drain of » 
ran up the rafl on Ifireai He. 

Top Corsage ran or again to - 
be second wifb C aw ttene AM 
and Asteroid Field fb w th . 
Dnbiaa, Britain's other chal- 
kan, finished in the rack. 

Bonne De was trained by John 
Dunlop at Amdtl for the first 
two years of her career before 
jo inin g Jonathan Pease in 
France, where she won jest one 
race of significance. 

9k crossed Ae Atlantic a 
year ago with the Enropean , 
horses who west to tbe Breeders J> 
Cap at Aqnednct, New York, 
and was takes borne to Califor- 
nia by that successful trainer 
John Qosden. 

HBls was not too downcast by 
Asteroid Field's show. “She 
probably doesn't stay Ac 
distance," be said. “Bat ft's a 
loqg way to brag a fifty, watch 
her corae ont of An last bend like 
a winner only to see her swal- 
lowed np at the death." - 

Asteroid Field stays in tnrin- 
ins as a fear-year-old next 
am) Witte tree Ac 
Ttnsthonse - Forte Mile at 
Sandowa Park In tbe spring as. 
her Ifltdy target. 

Michael S taste's mare 

12^30 Don't Yar Know. 1-3Q MvkBt SpiriL Santilti was withdrawn from, the 

s.2-O Ju M8 0 Je mboree. 
Mnwzaio. Bpatky lad. 

Yellow Ribbon fa the m orni ng 
with heal in one fore le g. 



By Maudmin 

1 30 Pink Sensation. 2.0 fir Lester. 2 30 Bartinas 
Star. 3.0 Target Man. 3 JO Rovigo. ; 4.0 

Michael Seely's selection: 3<0 DUNCOMBE 
PRINCE (nap) 

Going: good 

2m) (18 runners) 

3 CLAWSON THORNS Drew Sn#h 10-7 

4 F DttNSEL B0YMreSAusfil&7__ 

)®BI BOY Ron Thonpsoo 10-7 fayntltomoep) 
IZZY fM ia cn A Rotate! -DMM 

- ■ SiS 

Gftsretej-192 — _ PObmtQ 

TO-11 Nnk8Mna8on,4-1 Notion Wnrior, 5-1 ftwtegFar. 
Gold. 6-1 Angel Oust 10-1 Cteytson Thoms, 14-1 afters. 



i i-pt 

4 2HD 

5 44JO 

6 OMQ 

8 3402 

9 FV-P 

10 920 

11 0020 


641 59 Lester. 3-1 KMatyte. 4-1 Parson's Pitta, 
6-1 Corker. 6-1 Store Bractao, 10-1 NeroWM. 14-1 oftws. 


Course specialists 

CHASE (£1^334: 2m 4Q (IQ 

1 29-1 THE MtoCW A StaMnsoo 7-12-3 HLeteh 

2 -4PP ANCfimaaRWASteplwnaqo 6-11-5 


S«0» AVUTON SUPPORT JWadf 6-1 V5 SCMton 

I D) BAU-YDALT STAR J Wade 9-11 -& KJohm 

7 PI 21 BARTWAS STAB JttnmFibgMU 6-11-5 — MtMyre 

11 QP-P DON ROLPE N Wagaott 6-11% MrT«toKpttP) 

14 34F- HBTOWCHDUSEMBwtof 11-11-6 Mfeppw 

16 332/ MrtHAGEW hi H Esstmtry 6-11-5 

IB W- SCOTTtolSaMlWCnrtOR] 911-5 N 

19 809 SEEWUABQUNDOBrenpanS-11-5 MBwm 

Z) 1142 TAROOGAirS BEST (Bn RPWCOCk 6-1 1-5 — PTuck 

21 MOP WtOBOSONOaufartHn 971-6 ASMngw 

24 100- EMPKE WAY R TMo 5-17-4 J Hkmo 

• 25 FF9 OAKEN Dam Snift 5-11-4 Com 

' 26 90P SPET HAWK A Jknte 5-71-4 — 

. 26 2R- PERFECT IMAGE VY Storsy 6-1 1-0 D7Wter(7) 

~TWC Bertnes 8ter. 7-2 ScotHab SknMr. 92 Tarqogan's 
Best 6-1 MoBtegeo. 91 T5»WBk. 191 Hotoric House. 

3J) NIGHT NURSE TROPHY (£1^84: 3m 600yd) (7) 

1 013F TARGET MANJBF) W A Stepkanaon 6-t2-3 R Ltert 

2 220- CASA KMPE (dotJDUe IT-11-6 MrH Bnm(7) 

a 2P3 DtoCffaBT nmWOEJ JaOflrsoo 7-11-8 — NDangMr 
5 m- COTTAQE LEAS «UOBftv7-lM MPeppar 

- 6 0220 EABTHIBMGGraehanMWM P tiek 

~ 8 R3 HEWSTEAH fCD) W Fstt^ivn 8-1 D-7 — 

. TO MM SfKXKM/Rw LADUenjsStetfiff-HM) 

• 91 Target Man. 7-2 Bister Bng. 4-1 Ounconta Prince. 

3J0 LAWSON NOVICE HURDI£(£S4& 2m 4^(15) . 

1 0021 CAPETDMNGH.M8teft8r4-HM2 CGraM / 

3. flow ARK WVAOeaW Susy 7-10-7 HfcsF store? 

-. 4 3M0 BLACK Iftfat M HEamrilf 5-107 L Ohm 

8 09 DEVON DOCOVBnrWCrartora 4-197 NDosgto 

7 J? FBMAMBirMraCPostoftmjM9t97 MDm« 

10 fl9 PONDERONff A Knortea 9197 H0N-IM9N31 

- 13 8220 ROM QQWA Steptewcn 5-197. RLeati 

U OOP- RUFFRfflSt Ms SAustto 4-107 
16 344 S EMOW R AMOS Ron TUteapsw 4-197. 

2 D ANSWER BACK PBenaont 7-192. Mtee A amu 

21 09P COUY CO ME Htoratag 9192 SYte4dcn(4) 

22 209 DOSGODtee 7-192 GHnfcar 

24 MADE FOR UFE Mrs GFteMtott 4-102 — PMranM 

- 25 PM PUTMUM BLOND RCew 5492- 8 Woods (7) 

27 F- THATS A LADY M Btotjy 5-192 MPappsr 

94 Cape Tamil GH. 7-2 Ravlgo. 92 Btack . Over. 


2 022- BOLUM PALACE MM Dtel i ito 4-11-7 L«w 

4 290 8MNV61ELADRRQt)naon9l1-1 DCmM 

. '5 911 DOUGHTY REBa {CtaGnctoldS 5-11-1 (5sd PTtacft 

9 T19 TRAVEL HOKCn M 9pd>jr 6-1918 TljlPappv 

10 4139 MQUWGEORQEE Alston 910-8 7 — 

. 18 1123 UPTOWN RAIUrSOtF) G Moora 3-10-7 (5ex) 


JOCKEYS; R Lamb. 31 winners from 165 tides. IftSHte G 
8m far. If from as. IBM: C Grant 33 tom 201. 16.4%; N 
Doughty. 11 trornSS. 11.8%; SCIteriton, 12frotn 106, 1.13%; P 
TucS. 13 from 142. 92%. 

19 2422 CUCXHAM LAD N Ctorabertain 910-0 — A Stringer 

20 UttP M9UHME MBS W A Steptarana *-1M 

21 199 ANOlHERfLMEWStvay 9-190 NMKCoraS 

22 099 BORBIAM DOWN N Bycnm 7-10-0- CGmnt 

196 Dou^riw Hebei. 11-4 Uptown RanA's. 92 Bcten 

Palace. 91 Mountgeorge, 191 Boraham Down, 14-1 others. 


Yesterday’s results 

Going: good 



2. Non NAn (W 

. . .ia 

£123.13. THcaet 


— 1). ALSO RAN: 8 

12ShddanMto (400.16 
25-Sootfsng Won}, 

flosha. 50 

tm a, 21 3L 41. 10 L P Ketoeny at 
Toter £2J0: nm £±20. 
£2.10. DR £146.00. CSF: £10008. 

4» (im 21) 1, MOUNT TUMBLEtX>WN 


Lady, Tbs 
i,u. a 4i. m 
otK £6.l0r£im 

l093tHle«*ae«n), I6H 

200nser'5 Picture. 33 Darfcto 
Johns Last 50 Erantha. JirtH 
Qth). Lost MonwnL Madame Luntoral 
tireUMf . Otet* Raposte. Royal Meeting 


(Mnpgoo) . . 

1J) (6Q 1. RATHER HOMELY (T Qtem,** Raposia. Royal Me e iri a 7-ttavt 2. fWotese Cau* (A Macfcey. 
Spanish Meloftr, The Cross. 18 ran. Nfc 39i Y 3. Coded Message (5 Whitworih. 
Daheb. a 3L SH. 1L rtt J Dtrtop at IZ-lf ALSO RAN: 4 SaraW 92 Fn»* 
AnndaL Tote: £2^0: £1.70. £2.10. rtto. Hie Bar*. 11 Bold — ==- — -- 
OR £1948. CSF: £1340. Highttett LaM, 

. 2U)(6f) 1. W9MBK3 FORMAT (LJteies. 

11-1); 8. toy Mft 1 1 la Llfae Bortwr. 39 j«1*r. 

IX 3. SrtsklUancar (SOtane. 29tk 4. 

(A Ftentegan. 191X ALSO 

p. 11 Htely Brown (Stlfl. 12 Head « 

-;(4ft) r Musical Youth (8ftL Tbian, 

Tom FoctbsW, .14 Gnmibie, 16 Sate 
Custody. 20 Coaual Plain, 25 Saato. 14 
ran. NR: Nftad. 3L 1KL KL 4L H4. R 
Mwwn « MarftnrauteL To w: £7.60; 
070. £220. £2.70.^*: £14.10. CSR 
£3243. Tricast £140^49 

J Ryan, 915 


v. ■•.■-I,, imtui m uuamliVd. 191 

6 The 

,50 Jute Martin, 
Star, Pepsi's 

40 (tm 4Q 1. osne 



5 Graham may run (and run) away with it 



* r„. '« 

r < Herol Graham 

Turned professRma!: 1978. 
- Record: 36 hosts, 36 Wins (19 

*■> inside the distance). Total 
romtds bused: 230. Aae 27. 

Ve^ifclhtflh „ 

W ilia. Reach: 75 3 /*ia. Chest: 
!•- normal 39Vim, expanM 
43%. Nedc 16m. Biceps: 
14%. Forearm: 12%. Fist 
$ 12%. Wrist: 7. Thigh: 22%. 
' Calf. 14%. Ankle 8%. 

Any British boxing fen 
knows that of his top two 
world contenders. Ham Gra- 
ham, of Sheffield, No. 1, and 
Mark Kaylor, of West Ham, 
No. 3, only Graham has a 
realistic chance of tiffing the 
world middleweight titles be it 
against Marvin Hagler or 
Thomas Heaim 

Kaylor would be given no 
chance of standing up Go the 
big-hitting Americans — only 
the other day he was floored in 
the first round by a biown-up 
light-middleweight, Tony 
Harrison. Yet no boxing fen is 
able to say with the same 
degree of certainty whether 
Graham or Kaylor will win 
tonight’s European champion- 
ship at Wembley, die final 
eliminator for the World Box- 
ing Association title. 

Whereas in the world tide 
boot Graham could rely on 
speed of hand and foot to stay 
out of trouble, no one ts 
certain what his tactics will be 
against Kaylor. He coaid ran 
and run and walk away with a 
points win, hot bore everyone 
to tears, including American 

By Srikmaar Sen Boxing Correspondent 

television, or carry the fight to 
Kaylor and risk getting hurt - 
even knocked out. 

As Brendan Ingle, 
Graham’s trainer, says: “It is 
an intriguing match between a 
stand-up fighter like Kaylor 
and a morale boxer.” Some 
experts say “Once Kaylor has 
shown Graham who the 
gnv'nor is, Graham will cave 
in.** Others say “Graham will 
bomb Kaylor out in five 

Since a world title bout is at 
stake, one could expect a 
tactical contest from both 
men, though only Graham has 
the temperament to stick to a 
plan. Kaylor, being a more 
volatile fighter, is likely to 
play it by ear- or dun, rather. 

No one has really tested 
Graham's chin because he is 
too quick on his feet; but 
Kaylor, with his swamping, 
bullying style, could be the 
first man to find out what 
Graham is marte pf 

Certainly the West H am 
boxer can take heart from the 
feet that G raham looked ner- 
vous a g»rn« l.fiwtell Holmes 

and also against the ageing 
Aynb Kaluk in Sheffield last 
year when caught with the 
right is the nuddie round. 
Kaylor will need no second 
invitation to pile in should 
there be any agn of nervous- 
ness from the champion. 

Inside Kaylor are two fight- 
ers: one speaks with Kaylor’s 
bullying tone, the other with, 
his manager Terry Lawless's 
cautioning voice. Therefore it 
is likely that Kaylor will first 
try to intimidate Graham, 
that bold and finally pul a 
spurt on for a points win. 

Ingle said yesterday: “No 
way is Kaylor going to be able 
to bold and fiddle bis way to a 
points win. 1 have never seen 
Herol so sharp. He win stick 
bis fist in Kayloris face until 
the pressure makes his eyes 
and ears pop. Everyone is 
going to be surprised. Herol is 
going to grand his ground and 
stopKaytar any time from the 
first to the sixth”. 

Kaylor is not the force he 
used to be and after his 
traumatic defiw * bv Buster 
Drayton he has not been 

steady on his feet. If Graham 
can unleash one of those shots 
that knocked out Seys (six 
roundsX Price (first round) 
and Rabotte (first round), be 
will also knock out Kaylor. 

IE however, Graham de- 
rides to box from a distance, it 
is unlikely that Kaylor wflj be 
able to get to him to stop him 
running away with the points 
victory. Either way, it does not 
look Kaytort night even 
though last year on Guy 
Fawkes night he knocked out 
Errol Christie in eight rounds. 

Germans clash 

Bans (Reiner) — Jose Varda, 
the European welterweight 
c famp fon . w ill make the first 
defence of his title in Frankfurt 
on Febr uar y 13 against his 
feflow West German Rene Wel- 
ler, the former European light- 
weight champion. Vanda, aged 

26, won the vacant European 
mbs tost month when the referee 
slopped his fight against Brahim 
Messaowh. of Fr an ce, in the 
fifth round. WeSer, aged 33, lost 
his lightweight title to Bo Get! 
Jaconsen, of Denmark, in 

Mark Kaylor 

Turned professional: 1980. 
Record: 35 contests, 32 wins 
26 inside the distance), 
otal rounds boxed: 191. 
Age: 25. Weight list fib. 
Height: 6ft lid. Reach; 74. 
Chest normal 43, expanded 
45. Neck: 16%. Biceps: 14%. 
Forearm: 13. Fist 12. Wrist 
8. Thigh: 23. Caffi 12%. 

* V. 
.' ( 



given for 

By Roy Moor 

The new, imaginative leader- 
ship of British sw imming has 
approved the sending of a 
national team of 18 to the big 
Esso International meeting in 
Toronto from November 28 to 

Members of the team are 
bring given the opportunity to 
decide for themselves the events 
in which they co m pete studying 
the programme planned for the 
three days. 

The squad will take on cham- 
pions from East and West 
Germany, Japan, Russia, 
United States «"« r*n»/fa 

Officials believe the event will 
provide an ideal opportunity for 
our leading swimmers to 
sharpen pace in readiness for the 
Europa Cup in Mahno 10 days 

Much rethinking has gone 
into race planning for British 
swimmers since the Amateur 
Swimming Association (ASA) 
appointed David Reeves as 
secretary, Alan Clarkson as 
treasurer and Derek Stubbs as 
director of swimming. The 
whole winter short-course pro- 
gramme has been shaped to 
come into line more with events 
in Europe rather than United 
States as previously. The policy, 
it is hoped, will lead to greater 
interest for the swimmers 

Now that FIN A, the control- 
ling body of international swim- 
ming have clarified for the 
Britsb Federation that trust 
binds are permissabfe, the ASA 
wants swimmers to derive full 
benefit from these 

The introduction of the trust 
funds could encourage more 
competitors to aim for Olympic 
level when they leave scfaooL It 
is encouraging to know that 
something is being done at fop 
level to try and avoid a repeat of 
the British team’s disappointing 
performance at last summer** 
world championships in 

K Boyd 


Brilliant Becker is 
set to take over 
as world champion 

From Richard Evans, Paris 

After taring s u cc essive singles 
prix tides in Sydney, 

'okyo and Paris; the 18-year- 
old West German. Boris Bedrer, 
is set to oust Ivan Lendl ami 
become die youngest player ever 
to be chosen as the International 
Tennis Federation (ITF) world 

On the bans of his ATP 
nmrinfc and Dohxts scored on 
the 1986 NabSro bomzs-pool 
leader board, Lendl, a power- 
house machine in his own right, 
is stifl oat in front But judged 
by the evidence of the last three 
weeks, during which Becker 
joined John Newcoxnbe as die 
only player to have won tingles 
tides on three continents in 
three weeks, the mature West 
German teenager has the Grech 
in his sights and is doting fast. 

Ion Tiriac, the Romanian- 
born manager who has been 
turning his charge into a multi- 
millionaire with offcoort con- 
tracts during the past 18 
months, is now retigned to the 
fact that the whole Becker 
phenomenon has gone into 
overchive; and that mere is no 
point in worrying about ii. 

When Becker burst out of 
nowbere to win Wimbledon test 
year at the age of 17, Tiriac; 
although thrilled, was almost 
equally appalled. “He’s going 
too last” be moaned. “He has 
so much to barn and now we are 
never going to have time to take 
him through aO the proper, 
stages of development”. 

Tiriac was righL Occasionally 

returning to his rote of coach to 
work alongside Becker’s full 
time trainer, Gunther Bosch — 
a West German national bat 
also Romanian-bora — the pair- 
frequently found themselves 
trying to refine parts of Becker’s 
game between the frantic round 
of grand prix venues. 

Becker would have been even 
closer to Lendl had it not been 
for a couple of uncharacteristic 
slips — in Brussels, where be 
lost in the first round to the low 
ranked Australian, Brod 
Dyke — and in Hamburg seven 
weeks ago when tbe press ures of 
a home crowd cost him another 

McEnroe may still 
come to London 

Paris— Mm McEnroe can 
no longer earn enough points to 
qualify for foe Nahbeo Masters, 
bat he has still not given vp an 
Hm of his mat i 

ance in “ 
don 1985 
Besson and 
ships at Wembley next week 
(Richard Evans writesX 
McEnroe is appealing agamst 
the automatic su spe ns ion he is 
facing far having exceeded the 
$7,500 Bait in fines and the 
process Win take too long to 
prevent him from playing in 
London, should he wish to do sow 
“I still have the possibility of 
playing Wembley and 
Hooten," he told me, “but I 
only want to (day one, now 1 
can t make the Masters, and as 
Pteter is not going to Honstea I 
coaid at lost play another 
doubles with him if I went to 

McEnroe and Peter Fleming 
won their third doubles title of 
the year h the Paris Open. It 
seems certain that McEnroe's 
s u s pen s ion wffl come into effect 
in time to prevent him from 
competing m the WCT World 
Doubles Masters at the Royal 
Albert Hafl in the second week 
of December (even though he 
and Fleming canid not in any 
case quatify far the event). 

first-round cot against the 
experienced American, Mel 

Becker is acutely aware that 
these kinds of defeat have no 
place in the record of a world 
No. I and, more than once 
while feeing the press with his 
customary apptomb and good 
humour at the Paris Open last 
week, he referred to foe need to 
eliminate this inconsistency be- 
fore he can seize LendTs mantle. 

Consistency is, indeed, the 
Czech's great forte, bat the feet 
remains that since be beat Lendl 
m Chicago in March, Becker has 
won six grand prix singles titles 
to Lendl’s four — although 

JobOaoE Becker seals his third tide in three weeks, beating Sergio Casa! in Paris on Sanday 

they appreciated my tennis and 
that was great”. 

Naturally he is a tired young 
man now, but while Bosch 
studied a Lufthansa timetable 
and* barely prevented himself 
from nodding off at the back of 
foe press room last Sunday, 
Becker was still sufficiently alert 
to comment on the sudden 
disappearance of his adolescent 

“It is like 1 have jumped over 
foe years from 18 to 23, that is 
how old I feel”, he said before 
adding a little ominously: “1 
don’t want to see foe future, the 
present is hard enough". 

The remark was a telling one 
for it revealed that spiralling 
success takes its to!L Yet is is 
typical of Becker that, on his few 
days off at home in Monte 
Carlo, his favourite form of 
relaxation is to climb into his 
only toy — a souped-up black 
Mercedes — in the dead of night 
and roar around the streets, 
which, once a year, are used for 
another type of grand prix. And, 
like foe man. as long as the lights 
are green that accelerator is 
always flat against the boards. 

T until leads 2-1 in Grand Slam 
titles. And Becker has a 3-1 
winning record over his rival in 
head to bead meetings. Apart 
from Chirseo, Becker has 
beaten Lendl at Wimbledon and 
Syndey, only losing to him at 
Stratton Mountain the day after 
he survived match points 
against John McEnroe. 

- Z£ as is possible, Becker could 
stretch that lead to 5-1 by the 
end of the Nabisco Masters in 
December, the ITF panel which 
sits each year to choose their 
world champion, ir respective of 
what the ATP computer has to 
say about it, will be hard pressed 
not to nominate Boris as the 
youngest player ever to be 
awarded foie honour. 

In a year that has no Anstra- 

date^fSr foe wotld's^fcmrth 
Grand Slam, the Masters must 
take on even greater signifi- 
cance, and victory there would 
do much to counter Lendl's feat 
of winning both the French and 
United Stiles Opens. 

Prior to that, there is the 
possibility of reversing last 
year’s memorable Benson and 

Hedges final at Wembley should 
the pair meet again next week — 
providing LendTs current in- 
jury problems do not prevent 
nim appearing. 

The consistency of the past 
few weeks has been based on 
Becker's new-found willingness 
to punish players from (he back 
court, rather than launching all- 
out attacks on the net, and on an 
improvement in his backhand 
sties — a shot that gives him 
time to govern foe pace of 

After beating Lendl 6-0 in the 
fourth set in Sydney, Becker had 
to switch from a Fieri pa ve court 
to foe more fa m iliar Supreme 
carpet in Tokyo, and then to a 
much .alower Supreme court in 
Paris. Incredibly, for one so 
young, he took everything in his 
stride, even the noisy Paris 
crowds who provided snefa a 
stark contrast to foe polite 
Japanes e. 

“At first it was difficult be- 
cause they were against me.” 
Becker admitted. "Then I said 
to myself, this is normal I am 
No. 1 seed here, and I am 
playing a qualifier. But later 


Hobley on target 

By Joyce W hitehead 

In the women’s county 
championship matches at foe 
weekend Middlesex and Berk- 
shire rose as obvious leaders in 
the south championships. 
Though Oxfordshire's hockey 
had much improved, Middlesex 
were too good fin them, but the 
score was only 2-0. 

Against Hampshire, Middle- 
sex scored three of their five 
»na?< in the first 12 minutes. 
Berkshire kept their goal intact, 
beating Hampshire 2-0 on Sat- 
urday and Oxfordshire next day 
3-0 with Lesley HoWey’s name 
always on the score-sheet. 

In the east. Essex and Kent 
were well matched and the 1-1 
draw came as no surpris e. It was 
H untingdons hire who pressed 
the attack home and beat 
Lincolnshire 5-1 in Cambridge. 

In the west, scoring was 
Devon beat Somerset 7-1 
having 95 per cent of the 
bat Somerset led at half 
Avon bad.a satisfying afternoon 
at Yate, beating Dorset 6-1. 
HesvAndslute can also be proud 
of their 4-1 victory over 

Yorkshire, with thetr vital 
front row of Parker, Botiomtey, 
Huggen, Jerrard and de 
Miranda, had three good wu»s m 
the north, each 3-U 

Loicastorsttra 5. P wtoyshUe ft ; — - 
sure 3. Norttwmptorartw a ho tbr 
amrtowhlre 2. WorawuwxMre 2; 
BedtortsMre 3. W u rca sMw UrB 1; Lnn- 
casrtre Central 

LBMU1 1: Lancashire a Westaodand 1; 


Northuntoerted 1; ShnffleU Hague 3. 
Durham 0. 

Gold in New Jersey 

. r 

Britain’s women’s hockey 
team won foe USA Classic 
Tournament in New Jersey by 
beating South Korea 2-1 m 
Sunday’s gold medal foal 
(Joyce Whitehead writes). This 
was after a disappointing stmt 
when they tost 0-1 to foe 

Americans on the second day. 

But after the round room 
matches the British w©men,the 
Koreans and the United States 
each had won two and lost one 

and Britain and South Korea 
went into the final on goal 
difference. Wemfy Baser and 
Moira McLeod (both Scott) 
awed the goals in the final. 

In a practice match poor to 

the tournament, . Britain had 
beaten foe Americans 2-1 so 
bxmg to them in foe tour- 
nament stung. Fortunately 
ranks were tightened. Miss 
Fraser fulfilled her much-im- 
proved play and scored in both 
Korean matches. Miss McLeod 
was otMmget and converted two 

penalty comers while is the 
Argentine game it was Mary 
Cbeetham and Kate Parker who 
outwitted foe goalkeeper. 
RESULTS Britain 1, South Korea 0; 

3oun Korea 1. Bronze medal da taSor. 
United Stans 3, Argentmah 


Thrown by expenses 

Wolverhampton fought foeir 
way info the semi-finals of foe 
-European Club championships 
at the weekend and took them- 
selves one step closer to benk- 
rimtey (Nicolas Soames writes.) 

The tram of seven beat a strong 
West German side, TSV Mu- 
nich Grosshadem. - 

Tbe final score was 5-1 with 
one draw , and it included three 

ippous, front Kerri lh Brown, ibe 
team captain. Densign White, 
foe European Kghtweighi ^silver 
medal winner and middle* 
weight; and . EJvis Gordon. 
heavyweightBm tbe following 
day, Malcolm Abbott, the club 
coach, was shocked to discover 
that the three neutral referees, 
from Befanxm. had notched up a 
£900 b flffor foeir expenses for 
foe two-day trip. 


Real Madrid’s warning to Juventus 

By Simon OTfagan 

The 4-0 victory Real Madrid 
gained over SabadeU in the 
Spanish League at the weekend 
represents a psychological blow 
in their favour as they go into 
thdr European CUp second 
round, second teg tie against 
Juventus tomorrow, particularly 
bearing in mind that the Italian 
champions could only draw 0-0 
at Como in their league match. 

Real's victory was a typically 
cosmopolitan affair -- two goals 
for tbe Mexican. Sanchez, one 
for Valdano. of Argentina, and 
one for Juanho, foe Spanish 
international. The result puts 
Real level on points with Barce- 
lona at the top of the first 
division, but trailing them on 
goal difference. 

Barcelona's in di ff ere nt form 
continued with a goalless thaw 

AflGBfneMfc Rosario Centra) 1, 
Argentines Juntos 1: Boca juntora 1. 
Hwr Plate ft Faro Canfl Oeete 1, 
Gtnrosta « Esgrima 1; T Meres 1. Untoon 
1; Racing CJiibl, Teraaeriey 0: Ptaanse 1. 
San Lorenzo 1: Vatoz SaraSdd 3. 
Oeportw Espanrto ft totepandarw i, 
DepcrtiW) tetano 0; Rabng Cordobe ft 
tosttuto ft amgantes 1. W wroto OU 

AU^raUlfcSCGsaRsatfi 1. Drear ASK 
1; FC TTfD» 1. QfBZBf AK ft Vosst Lire 4, 
Waekar ft VSeons SpoTCCltiti A Manns 1; 
Stum Graz 2. Austria Ktagantust 0. 
Laacflna p ftsHtoia- t. Auasa Wanna, 
^Ife2, RapB Vtanna 18. 25; 

bp: FCliiflBa HC Mafciwft 
Altai 1 . borsa I (Most won on penateask 
Brim A UsdStertts ft 6s riariw 1, 
Watersctni Z Waregom ft Courwa 0 
Mteregam won on panates); Wtetsrto 3, 
beat ft Tonores 2. TManont ft Lokaran 
4, RWD Mounoeek ft FC Brugas «, 
francs Benins ft Wfowslag 3. Boom 2; 
FC Mamas 2. Antwerp 1; Stanford UtaQ 
ft Hares* ft St Trend 1. Bereran 3; 
Sewng 2. Tumhout ft SC Charion* 2. 
Osrria Bruges 2 Bruges tut an pan- 
anas); Aixteriectt ft Seretare ft 
BULGARIAN: Trafaa 0. -Vitoria 1: 
Akadarnfic 1. Sredeto 1; Berea 1, DM- 
trowgrad ft Stints 4, IneontoSu Wwftr ft 
Loeomoer Sofa ft Bar ft &pvtek Vania 
1, Slfven 1; Cn m omprata 7, Spartak 
Ptawr t; Frit ft Vratsa ft Landtag 
mttme 1. Vitoria, 12, 18; 2. Sredea, 
1ft 17; 3. Santa. 1ft 17. 
CffiO WStOWAfcDyrtetpoCBttaaude- 

E*te ftaous ft RH Ctieo 2. StorePtonn 
1; DAG DunaMa Sanaa i. Pteetta Mfri 
ft 2VL ZSnaft Ssyna Otornouc 1; Tatran 

at Spotting GQoa, a match 
which again showed that 
Li n eke r and Hughes are not 
finding the transition to the 
Spanish game as easy as they 
might have hoped. Hughes, who 
scored his first goal for Barce- 
lona last week, was substituted. 

There was a similar stru g gle 
for goals in the Italian Le a g ue 
where none of the top lour 
sides — Juventus among 
them — coukl score. Napoli's 0- 
0 draw at home to 
Enternazfonale, watched by 
80,000, was largely the result of 
some fine goalkeeping by Inter’s 
Zenga and the fact that foe 
crossbar got in the way of a 
Maradona free kick. Zenga is 
fast mnmlirfaliwg hit position as 
the country's top go a l ke ep er . 
Juventus lead Napoli by goal 
difference at foe top of foe table, 
so it promises to be quite an 

occasion when these teams meet 
in Turin on Sunday. 

In France, foe power i 
be t w e en Ofympiqne 
and Bordeaux is hotting up. 
Both have the same number of 
points and as identical goal 
difference, but Marseilles, under 
the former national manager, 
Michd Hidalgo, lead the table 
by virtue of having scored more 
goals. They only just made it 
there, winning 1-0 against 
Nantes thanks to a last-minute 
goal by their substitute, 
Oubaynea Bordeaux were held 
l-l in their local derby with 

Racing, like Bordeaux and 
Marseilles, have attempted to 
buy their way to success this 
season, but unlike them, have 
found tbe formula is not work- 
ing. Despite foe presence in the 
Pu-isian side of foe likes of 


PJBSO* 6. Spart a* Tmw ft 

Putos Safidcs Bystrica 1; TJ 

Prague ■ 

Borterr aan s Pragua 0. 

11. Ui ft Batumi** 11, 14. 

DUTCH; Haarlem 0. Bocetefor Ftefflrtarj 
1; Zwrita 1, Vaanawn 1; Rods X ft PSV 
GMhomSt rc Mngmj. S«na 
RoBxrtam 1: Twentt Ensritodft 1. QA 
Eagke Oewriw 1; FC Den Bw* ft 
FbrtmSUHtt HFflyanocjjrift AtaftTC 
UnacMft AZ OTAKmaarft VWVWo 1. 
FC Dan Ham ft L aaJgp pea jfaaft 1, 
Ajax 14, » ft PSV Bnriwwn T4, & 3. 

fom ori m. ift 

EAST GSWIAlt Magdri)iriB a ft^teM 

bus 3, Cari-Zriss Jena li jtri f Men cO teri 
ft u* Lripzto 1; Dynaino Dresden ft teohi 
Ken ftVoS wo r fe FranMun 1. rasnri 
Aue ft HM-Wrisi Ertot 1. Union Beritn a 

SwJL 9. 12. 

FRENCtfc Aueerre ft Raetog Paris ft Brest 
ft Ute ft Laval ft Henries ft Lens ft Le 
Hm 0; Metz 1. Nice i; Monaco ft 
Socttaux 0; OMipigue Marseaoa 1. 

tantos ft Pafo SaraGarniaetO, Nenqr ft 

Saw Etfene f. Teuton 0; Totexse I. 
BontouK 1. Luring pori H aa a., 1, 
Otympou* Maren B fl s. 15, 2ft 2. Bor- 
daauxTift 2ft ft Pane BswGennari. 15. 

CnCEXt ton aWnafaB ft PAOKSabrOo 
0; AEK Ariona ft ONntotete* 1; OP Crate 
ft Aria Sutoitfca 1; Ha rriris 1. A 
tomm ft Pantarios 0; Dote 1, 

1; ESmBcos 4. Vena 1; _ . 

Larisa ft LenfaB p o riH re a i. Oft 
Crete, ft 11; ft HarwAS 7, 11; ft PACK 7. 

HUNOUtWH! Honwad Buttpest ft MTK- 
VM ft vtouren ft Vases Budapest ft 
OazaUpaK*. Debracen ft Farancvar os 
1. Raba&o 1; Zateagarezm i, Eger ft 
Stock ft DuraiWriWft Hsiadas 1. Pre 
ft Bensaatoft TaMhanya 4. Lawtea 
pooMcoa: 1. Dazes Ifeest 11. Wi £ 
Wmc-VM. 11. 14; ft Hatotes, n. 14 
LEAGUE OF nELANPr Sateay tMad 0. 
Umerick Sty ft Si POBtck-s turMc ft 

Cote City 2: Shamrock Rowers 1. AWocw 
Town ft SBgo Rovers 1. Home farm ft 
UteWtonlDraed 2, Brsv Wanderer* 0: 
Dundsfc ft Bohemians 0. Leariag pf 
■rioRK 1, Smmroec Reran, k ft 
Waartord U«L 5; ft Bohemtow, 4 
ITALIAN: BrescsB ft SenoSom 1; Como 

0, Jimntiis (h EmpoS 1 , Roma 3: AC MOwi 
ft Ftomtta ft NapoC 0, htsmarionato ft 
Torino 4, AveSno 1; IhtinsSS 3, AscoU ft 
Varena ft Atalama 1. Lareritg peariooK 

1. Juventus, ft 1ft ftltepoE. ft 12: 3. 
Coma ft 10. 

POLISH: BUST Ctenow ft Lrefa Wsr- 
szava ft Lech POznen 1 , GKS Kriomca 4; 
Pogon SzczBdn ft Gorrric Zabrra ft 
M&w Lodz 0. Ofimpn Poznan 1: Ste&K 
Wroriaw 1 . LKS late ft Larina Grianskft 
Poktoa Bytoffl ft Motor Uttn f Gwj* 
Watomfo4;3MI<atocO, Zj#Btra lrii fl 
n. LsaabH I, Gom* ZaOrza, 

ift tTfteiSSSriea 13.2ft 1 Stesk 
Wroriaw. 13. 18. 

PORTUGUESE: Porto ft S p orti ng D; 
Benflca 3. Rio Ave 1 ; Boaviste 1. Brega ft 
Qw^nareas ft Chares 1; Varzrn 2. 
Oato na raa s i; Paransa 1. Academes ft 
Efuas 0, Satawros 0. Laedbg HarioitK 
L Barite. \ 1ft ft PortO. 9, IS; ft 
Gutnames, 9. 14. 

R0HAMAN: Dynamo Buriiareal 3. Argas 
Pteea ft Rand teenarea 3. Bac are 
Moroni 1; SCBacat! t. RaejM Ptoasti 1; 
UrimreitatM Cfn-Naptxa ft VtoonsBu- 
riwest i; fcm Brasov 4. Ofatol Gaiao 1; 
Gtona Buzai ft Cornu! Hindoare i: On 
ft SteauB Bucftarea ft Jul Patrosam ). 
Spend Btudamesc Buchares ft Qana 
Ftii) Wcea 1. Uniwatttaa Cretan ft- 
LMdpgpoatttona: 1. Stsdua Buriarast 
12. 19: ft Dynamo BuchansL 1ft 15; 3. 
AfgasPtosfl.12. 1ft 
Kissuat Kutaisi 0, Dynamo Moscow 4: 
Zend Laningmd 0. Torpedo Moscow Z 
Ararat Erevan ft DjmanoWw ft 
TUb) a, Spartak Moscow ft 81 
Donattk ft Djfctaao Mrnsk 1; 

Vttraua 1. Karat Alma Ata 1; MetaBst 

Bossis. Francescoli, of Uruguay, 
and LittbarskL of West Ger- 
many, they were beaten 2-0 at 
Auxenre and are lying second to 
bottom in foe table. 

Only goal difference is 
separating three dubs at the top 
of foe West German league. 
Bayer Leverkusen leading foe 
way after a 3-0 win at Bayern 
Munich which left foe home 
side in third place. Leverkusen’s 
win was a minor triumph for 
democracy — Gote, an East 
German who defected to tbe 
West three vears ago when he 
was playing for Dynamo Berlin, 
scored twice. 

Sweden's representatives in 
tbe 1987-88 European Cup will 
be Malmo. They beat AIK 
Stockholm 5-2 in (he second leg 
of the play-off to dedde foe 
league championship, winning 
5-3 on aggregate. 

Kharttov 1, cramomorets ooasn 0; 
Nefcfe Baku 2. Drapr Dnepropetrovsk i. 
Luring positions: 1. Dynamo Moscow. 
25. 3ft ft Spare* Moscow. 27, 31 . 3, zami 
Lannwad, 26. 29. 

SPANISH: Real Mattod 4. Sated* ft Lbs 
P s)mw ft Santander 2: AlWetta BB»o 3. 
Attates Madnd 0; Real Madnd 4. SaOadsO 
0: Esps/to 1. caite ft Mure* ft Mallorca 
0; don 0. Barcelona ft Zaragoza 1. 
OsaSma ft Bets 1. Ftari Soriadad ft 
VafladoW 1 . SnvBa 0. Luring potetooK 
1. Barcatana. 12. 17; ft Real fttectotf. ift 
17: SLESpaW 12.15. 

SWEDISH: League eha wto toi ri ^ i ptay- 
Bft, eseond leg: Malmo 5. AIK StoeWtotot 
2 (Msimo win 54 on egg). Mrimo wn 

BeUnrona 6. Laa«ux-de4=onds 
1; Lausanne 4. Basie 3: Neuriotri Xamax 
7, Loeanwft Swrerte Ganew 3. Aarau ft- 

: T. Neuri^Xtoiwiifift^? 

s. 13. 19; 3, Son 13. 18. 
WEST GERMAN: Nuremberg 4. Fortuna 
Ddssettrf ft Bmracre Frankfurt ft 
wawnot M a n ri i ai m 1: WBittor Bremen 5. 
Bayer UercSngen 1; SV Hamburg 4. 
Boussia Dortmund ft Bayern Munte 0. 
Bayer Lerertonen 3: FC Katerstsunm 5. 
Schrite 04 1; FC Cotogne 1, Ban Weiss 
90 Befn 1; VFL Boonm 0. FC Hamburg 
ft Bonssia MonriiengtadOacft 4. VFS 
St s- mg a r t 0. L— ri ng pna t bae r 1. Lavar- 
kusen. 1ft 17: ft Hamburg. 12. 17; 3, 
Minch. 12. 17. 

YUGOSLAV: Dynamo Vnkovei 4. Radririo 
Nis i; Parazan Brigade 2, VaraarStop^B 
ft CeBc zaruca ft Prisma 1; Buducnost 
tttograd i. Swjeste Mric 1; H^eka ft 
Os^ek t. Dynamo Zacnb ft Zw^zntev 
Sarajevo 1; Spartak So bodea 1. Vstnz 


Crusader’s win is 
by leadership duel 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

Britain has On any other day bar foe 

moved up to 
V & third place in foe 
hunt for points 
to qualify for a 
place in the 
America's Cup semi-finals. 
While Crusader's win yesterday 
over the rapidly-improving Ita- 
lia gave her 18 points, three 
behind joint leaders New Zea- 
land and America H. 

It was a solid and craftsman- 
like piece of work by skipper 
Harold Cudroore to take his 
yacht to victory by more than 
two minutes. 

White Crusader won an 
aggressive, feinting start and 
was never headed thereafter. As 
a race, however, it was com- 
pletely overshadowed by the 
dash between New Zealand and 
Cup favourites. Stars and 

It was a day where weather 
p re-dominated over match-rac- 
ing. Crews and skippers con- 
centrated on getting foeir boats 
round in one piece. 

Elsewhere on foe racecourse 
the wild wcatheT was finding its 
victims. Tom Blackaller, still 
elated from his win yesterday 
over Conner, was not amused to 
find himself trying to drive USA 
up the third beat two and a half 
minutes adrift having led round 
the front half. 

Later foe explanation came 
that a genoa had been washed 
off the deck still attached to foe 
halyard. Tawing h slowed the 
boat enormously. Blackaller re- 
fused to cut the line because of 
the paucity of his sail wardrobe. 

Conncr/Dickson dash, America 
II v French Kiss would have 
been foe race to write home 
abouL The french yacht won 
foe start and led John Kolius 
round (be top mark by 12 
seconds. At foe bottom foe 
Americans bad exactly reversed 
the difference and they clung on 
through some spirited Gallic 
counter-punching over foe next 
six legs. 

John Kolius could have been 
speaking for almost every skip- 
per when be said later “Our 
guys did a really good Job 
keeping their composure and 
lou&hing it out” 


Canada A (Pan) tn Azzurro (It) by ftnki 

Heart of America (US) M ChaMryn 

Ne^ZuS&^MrZsaiand) bt Stare and 
- y sacs 

French Kiss (FT) by 

America U (I 
S3 sacs 

uutwa Crusaoor (GBIMltaeam by £04 
Eagle (US) M USA (US) by 3 J& 

ChaBaoaar uries tabto 

AMar sacond roes, aacono round 

W LPta 

America U (US) 13 1 21 

New Zealand (NZ) 13 1 21 

Wma Crusader |6B) 


toha tm 

Stars and Strpes (US) 

Canada » (Can) . 

French Kiss (Ft) 

Eagle (US) 

Heart of Amend ( 

Chsaanga France 
Azzurro (it) 

ChaOenge franca v Stare and Stripes: 
USA v French teas. Canada 0 <r WMta 
crusader Heart at Amenca v Balia: 
America II v Azzwra: New Zeeland v 


the great 

From Colin McQmH&n 

Jahangir Khan, for five and a 
half years undefeated as world 
champion, returns to defend his 
title here this week knowing that) 
Ross Norman and Stuart 
Davenport, tbe New Zealand- 
ers. who are ranked immedi- 
ately behind him, are now 
hunting him in earnest 
Norman has pursued foe bril- 
liant Pakistani — still only 22 - 
relentlessly around foe world for 
foe past year, winning every 
tournament ignored by Jahangir 
and bouncing up aggressively 
for every other final. At 26 foe 
wiry little blond New Zealander 
has reached his prime after a 
bad knee injury sustained in a 
1983 parachuting accident, and 
has always maintained that he 
could end the phenomenal run 
of victories if one or two other 
players drew some of Jahangir’s 
venom with dogged resistance at 
quarter and semi-final stages. 

Davenport actually tested the 
water earlier than his senior 
compatriot, once taking a game 
from Jahangir at the Warrington 
Masters and often carrying the 
early rallies of other confronta- 
tions with uninhibited front 
court attack. This exceptionally 
tall, 24 year-old from Auckland, 
may not be content this week 
merely to tease foe world charn- 
iion for the benefit of another 

Having won foe US Open 
from Norman an October 24, 
Davenport followed that _ by 
amassing 10 points against 
Jahangir last Sunday in the final 
of foe Drakar Noir Canadian 
Open from which Norman dis- 
appeared unusually early at foe 
apparently rejuvenated hands of 
Hiddy Jahan, of England. Last 
time he met Jahangir, Daven- 
port played brilliantly at Wem- 
bley and scored just one point. 

This time foe defending 
champion has drawn Jamie 
Hicox in tbe first round and foe 
Surrey4>ased British under 23 
champion is the last player, with 
his extraordinarily stretching 
distribution of tbe action, any 
player would care to meet with 
knee problems. 

Later in the same half lurk 
Jahan, Ross Thome, of Austra- 
lia, and Geoff Williams, the 
former British champion, 
returning this year in electrify- 
ing style from his own knee 
ligament problems. 

Bodiraead misses Jahangir 
this time, gening instead an 
early chance at Philip Kenyon, 
foe current British champion, 
with Gawain Briars, Davenport 
and Norman moving threaten- 
ingly through the bottom 

Today sees tbe young 
hopefuls on court in the qualify- 
ing rounds of the $55,000 Union 
des Assurances de Paris event. 
The huge sponsorship from an 
insurance company to a nation 
that now boasts >00.000 players 
indicates tbe development of 
squash in France over recent 


Solent men 
are on the 
moody side 

By Nicholas Harling 

The last thing basketball 
supporters, neutral orotherwise, 
probably want just at the mo- 
ment is the likelihood of a repeat 
of last year’s Prudential Na-* 
tional Cup Final between 
Polycell Kingston and Solent, 
■who were demoralized by 31 

That, however, will be a 
possibility should Solent cap- 
italize on foe injury problems of 
Sharp Manchester United, foe 
league champions, in the first of 
the Prudential National Cup 
quarter-finals at Eastleigh to- 
morrow. With Kingston facing a 
Gomfoctable-ioaking tie against 
Bracknell on November 22, last 
year’s two finalists could be 
beading for foe Albert . Hall 
again if they avoid each other in 
foe draw for the semi-finals. 

It is not a prospect which 
unduly concerns Paul Pbilp, 
Solent's player-coach, who in- 
sists: “On our day we are 
capable of beating anyone but 
foe trouble is. we’ve go i some 
moody players. ) am trying to 
work some psychology on them 
to find out what makes them 
tick but 1 haven't found tbe 
secret yet-" 

Solent, like United, were 
without a Carlsberg League 
game on Saturday and arranged 
a friendly at HomeSpare Bolton, 
which they won by three points 
in double overtime. With 42 
points from Roy Lewis, who 
spent the rest of the weekend in 
an England training camp in 
Hertfordshire, Solent made light 
of foe absence of T J Robinson, 
their devout 6ft LOin American, 
who was at a conference in 
Bristol on drug abuse and is so 
against stimulants that he does 
not drink tea or coffee, let alone 

He might even blanch ai the 
sight of Philp getting all wired 
up for tomorrow’s game at foe 
request of Channel 4. The 
television network wants his 
comments at time-outs to be 
included among foeir edited 
highlights going out as a special 
feature on the player who fig- 
ured in foe first National League 
game (for Crystal Palace) 14 
years ago. 

Known then as player No. 60 
on foe registration list. Philp 
said: “I must be the only player 
still left with a two-figure 
registration as I know they’re 
over foe 5,000 mark now.” 
Although at 33 be considers that 
he has a few years left, Philp 
added pointedly: “I'm still wait- 
ing for my gold watch". 

United bad plenty to spare in 
foeir friendly against Rhondda, 
the second division leaders But 
it was not so much foe 40-point 
.margin as foe smooth display of 
Nigel Uoyd, foe American re- 
cruited. albeit perhaps tem- 
porarily. to replace the injured 
Will Brown, that impressed Joe 
Whelton, foe United coach. “He 
has added speed to our team,” 
he said. “I didn’t waa’t someone 
who would disrupt things, and 
be won't.” 

POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman 

Sateday Nomntar B 

onfate stated 


2 Coventry v Nottm F 
1 EvertonvCWSBa 
1 Letesier v Newcastle 
X Non«eft v Tottenham 
X Oxford v Man If 
2dPR vUveipoOl 
1 STOW W v Sthampton 

1 Watford v Chariton 
X MftintJtodon v Luton 

Not on coivoia: Arsenal v 
West Ham. 


2 Bfr nxnuham v Otaharo 
2 Btachtwtn v Shot! U 
XC Pal«8 vGnnwfy 


II _ 

XMflMBv Leads 
1 Porttmem v Bradford 
1 Reading vBsmstoy 
X Straws 
1 Sunder 


.1 Btackgod v Rotfwmam 
1 Bolton v Newport 
1 Bournemouth v Carfiste 
1 Bristol R v Bury 

1 Cnester v Breitiftn) 

2 Futem v Bristol C 

x Mensfiatfv Swindon 

1 Notts Co xWaisal 

2 Port Vate v Wigan 

1 York v Chesterfield 
Not on oottoonc Daritag- 
»n v MteMsORXjgh: Don- 
caster v Gillingham 

1 Camb Uv Burnley 

XGanhHv Southend 

X Crewe w Wrexham 
t v Pesyboro 
X Hereford v Lincoln 
1 Nthampton v Preston 
1 Rochdale vHertapooi 
Net on coupons Aider- 
shot v Stockpori (Sunday); 
Colchester v Orwnt (m- 
day). Seunawrpe * Haerax 
(Sunday); Torquay v 
Wolves; Tranmer* v 

1 B SiwtfanJ v EWwcn 
l Bromley v Walthamstow 
1 Croydon v Kmgstartan 
1 Farrtooco v Hitehfi 
1 harrow v CarshaHon 

1 Aberdeen v St Mirren 

2 Dvdabank v Hearts 

1 Dunoee u v Dundee 

2 Hantfton v Critic 

1 Htaemian v FaBatk 
t Rangers v Motherwell 

1 Airddev Montrose 

2 Oyde v Ran** 

1 Dumbarton * Morton 
X E Fife v Dun termite 
1 Fortarv Bracim 

1 Kdmamoek v O of Sth 

2 Arbroath v Queen's fre 

Not on coupons: 
Cowdenbeath v ABoa; St 
Jor rot oos v E Stndng: 
Snntiousemiw v AlbtaR; 
Stirling v Berwick; 
Stranraer v Mesdowbank. 


wiCh, Oxford, Wimbledon. 

MOwaH Shrewsbury, Mansfield, C&dflt, 
H»Btard. Handan. fist Rte, Ayr. 

BEST D&AW& Mftari, Shrawstwry, 
MansflBtd. Hereford, test Fite. 

A WATS. Steffed United. Wigan, Hearts, 
Catac. Quaai'a Peril. 

HOMES: Breton, Sheffield Wednesday, 
Hud. Portsmouth. Blackpool. Bourne- 
mouth. Notts County, York. Exeter. Brare- 

Hornet Ewrton. Parts- 
Bournemouth. Rww- 
Haans. Celtic. Draw* 
.EM fife. 

tt back 

ity de* 
J state 
ons or 


be L\‘ 
: mad 
•ns fo 
id ha 
' thos 

•JJ9 c 

•rt hi 
l zon 





of it i 

e zrr 




i i t au hi i gen m .a 

England take 

heart from 
victory though 
doubts remain 

From a Special CowespoBdent, Adelaide 

England’s cricketers leave the tour, he has made fewer 
Adelaide this morning for every innings. At Adelai de his 


their second eight-hour jour- 
ney in live days with modi 
more to be thankful for than to 
grieve over alter yesterday's 
win over South Australia. But 
h is unmistakable that prob- 
lems need solving before the 
first Test on Friday week in 

Following A they ’s failure in 
both innings, the most press- 
ing concern is the first wicket 
pair. Unless Slack comes off as 

three scoring strokes were 
boundaries, implying con- 
fidence; but, like Gower’s in 
the Queensland match, they 
may have been a factor in his 

Yesterday, against another 
moderate attack be bad the 
opportunity of two hours at 
the crease but risked a hook 
before giving himself a proper 
chance to gauge the pitch’s 
pace and was caught at the 

Broad’s partner a gains t West- * wicket off a glove. Athey was 
em Australia over the week- also caught by Kelly on die leg 
end. Gatting, Emburey and side attempting to glance a 

Micky Stewart, the tour selec- 
tors, will be forced to choose 
between the lesser of two evils 
— on the one hand a (fogged, 
journeyman who may need an 
hour's grace to settle, on the 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA: Fust innings 305 lor 
8 dec (W B PtiMps llfl, O A Bishop 67, P 
H Steep 66 not Otf). 

Second Innings 

A M J H Witch 0 Bottom 7 

A S Watson tew b DtSey — .. 1 

W B Philips c and b Emburoy 7Q 

G A Bishop c Edmonds b Emburey -. 3T 
•DW Hookes c RWrards bEmburey 104 

PRSteaJbBnburay Z7 

tD JKaByc Gatthg b Emburey S 

A K Zesars c Esmonds b EaMxny — 1 

TB A May cAltwyb Botham 2 

S D H Pancinson C Getting b 0>ey — 6 

P w raadigau not out a 1 

Extras lb 4, b 3. nb^ — _if 

Total 265 

FALL OP WICKETS: 1-7. 24. 344. 4-199. 
5-240. 6-256, 7-257. 82S7. 9-285. 10-208. 
BOMJN&- OHny 13441-S Botham 7.1- 
1-17-2: Emburey 38-11-102-6; Edmonds 
36-10-82-0; Gating 1-1-06. 

ENGLAND Xt Bret Innings 407 (J J 
Whdaker 108. A J Lamb ia£| T Bonan 
70; S D H Parkinson 5 tor 87). 

Second tenons 

BC Bread cPWpsbHoSas 63 

CWJAttmeKefcbGlixfiBau 0 

14 W Gmwtg c Ksty b GJaoigau 4 

AJ Lamb c Steep b Hookes SS 

to J Richards b Bootes 9 

IT Botham notom 19 

JEEmtummotouf 10 

Extras (b 2. te 2. w 2. rte 1) 9 

Total (5 wkts) 169 

FALL OP WICKETS: 1-15,2-23. 3-128. 4- 

BOWLING: GtadtaOi 62-15-2; Parkinson 
7-1-25-0: Z^ra 4-0-1 5-0: Sleep 19-2-38- 
0; May 1-0-94; Hootes 15*680: WdWi 
14-1-6: Watson 08044. 

other a gifted stroke-player 
who has a habit of getting 
himself out after having built 
the platform for a lengthy 

Gatting too needs runs. 
Since blasting 171 at 
Bundahetg against modest 
bowling in the first match of 

ball which would better have 
been turned square, or driven 
off the full width of the bat. 

Nevertheless, as tins was the 
first win by an England team 
in IS first-class matches since 
Jamaica were defeated in the 
West Indies last winter it was a 
game of some significance. 
When Botham hit the winning 
runs 10 minutes before tea, he 
was ending a sequence which 
included five defeats by West 
Indies, one by Barbados, two 
by India, one by New Zealand, 
and one by Queensland last 

Much credit went to Broad, 
the tall left-hander, who bat- 
ted for nearly two and a half 
hours in a stale of near 
exhaustion after the two hot- 
test days of the tour to add 106 
with Lam b in the stand that 
won the match. Never at ease 
against Sleep, who bowled his 
leg spin round the wicket to 
both batsmen. Broad intelli- 
gently improved his prospects 
of survival by negotiating on 
the back foot, within inches of 
the stumps, every ball he 
could not drive. 

From England's early pos- 
ition of 23 for two, it wasa fine 
innings in acute discomfort 
Lamb, with the exception ofa 
disdainful drive that cost him 
his wicket in the first innings 
of the Brisbane game, has been 
playing with marvellous cer- 
tainty all tour. Yesterday he 
never looked like getting out 
until his mind went blank 
against Hookes’s slow ortho- 
dox left-arm. which he hit 

S Africa 
is still 
a vexed 
question : 

By Paul Martin . 

Greg. Thoms and other Eng- 
lish cricketers playing and 
coaching in Sontfc Africa this 
winter are now mwwij to be 
final oartkaitioii in 
next yearVWorid Cap, thanks 
to a sorprisfegtyraedcrate West 
Indian position. - 
Bowevee, art e mmtka i by the 
host Gortt m nc tf a. Mb and 
Pakistan, cannot be rated onL 
Nor has tfceposttma ef Grahasa 
Gooch, and other n ori eB r of 
the 1982 rebel EngHsfa ream hi 
Sooth Africa, been resolved jaL 
The International Cricket 

Conference (HX3, which «fis- 
ensses the vexed bon today , in 
Delhi, is to defer any rafiag on 
cfigihflfty of pfatym antfl the 
uml meeting , ia London next 
Job, accor di n g to the World 
Cup chakona, N. K. P. Salve. 
Bat he conceded that Goim- 
nnt pnmri bin India and 
Pakistan wonM hue to be talced ■ 
ate accent India and Pakistan 
met h Bangalore last weekend 
to femrite ajddpnidn tor ■ 
today’s teaBSKW. 

However, a draft resolatioa m 
whether players with Sooth 
African rowed— may take 
pot h fomtiml 'ciUct; to 
be proposed by Ac West Indies 
and sappovtcd by Zimbabwe, is 
not retrospective, be said. 

The West Unties Cricket 
Board have not even bothered to 

Hot shot Lanffi stays cool and cabn as he collects 55 yestaday 

softly to midwickeL Broad 
was well caught by Phillips at 
short mid-on two overe later 
from a tired shot 
South Australia were theo- 
retically handicapped by an 
injury to May, their off spin- 
ner, who after being lofted 
twice for four by Lamb 
thought better of it and re- 
tired; but without a simmer of 
Emburey’s class to make the 
batsmen hurry, they were 
never in the hunt It would 
have been a good game had 
England’s target been 250 in, 
say, four hours. 

• England have named a 
party of 13 for their 50-overs 
match against Western 
Australia Country XI at 
Kalgnorfie tomorrow. Small, 
who has a jarred knee, and 
Whitaker, recovering from a 
stomach upset, are expected to 
be the two left oul Both 
French and Richards, the two 
wicketkeepers, are in the side, 
which will be captained by 

ENGLAND M Prom): B C Brood. W N 
Slack. D I Gower. C W J AJtey. J J 
WMatar, PAJDaPrelfBB,CJRIchard$. J 
E Emburey, P H Edmonds, BN FrtndJ, N 
A Foster, (3 B Ditoy. G C Sn*UL 

Cowans puts his case 

By a Special Correspondent 

Security snag in Lahore 

From Richard Streetoo, Lahore 

Norman Cowans, the 25-yenr- 
old Middlesex and England fast 
bowler, last night responded to 
the critical barrage that peeled 
him OB his premature retm 
from Brisbane, where he was 
scheduled to have spent the. 
winter playing for a focal dub. 

Cowans flew home on Friday 
to tend to his flooded 
Qneensbnry home after jpring 
just three boms’ notice to Wests. 
Their captain-coach John Bell — 
Cowans’ host daring Us three- 
week stay — somewhat dramati- 
cally dabbed (he walkout "one ef 
sport’s sorriest episodes”. 

Cowans admitted his naivety 
in rnlthtg op Wests’ after of 
employ m ent despite the absence 
of any writ te n agreement, bat 
insisted that he had intended to 
return to Brisbane after the 
domestic crisis had been eased. 

Bell’s threat, however, that 
his chib “rodd not dear 


Cowans to play for anyone else 
ot3 he restitution to 

Wests for all the money that has 
been spent on him,” has made 
the Jamaican-horn Test player 
think again. 

“My fianrfe, Sabrina, rang 
me last week to tell me that my 
boose was flooded, and that 
made np my mind to come 
home,” said Cowans yesterday. 
He had hoped that Us presence 
in Anstrafia might work to Us 
advantage in the event of any 
jnfchap ttridfeg one of Eng- 
land's fast bowlers 

Bed has pointed out that 
members of his drib had raised 
money, not only for Cowans’ air 
fore bat also for a ear, and 
cakabted that £2JMK> bad been 
spent an the bowler. Between his 
three match e s for Wests, 
Cowans worked as a pub door- 
man while waiting for a prom- 
ised job in a total sports 


The Pakistan cricket authori- 
ties are closely watching the 
present civil unrest and violence 
in several cities where the West 
Indies anil shortly play. There 
were shooting incidents here in 
Lahore at the weekend, five days 
before the second lest starts next 

Ten people were killed and 
more than 70 treated for bullet 
woands in Karachi as ethnic 
fictions clashed- There were 
also cases of arson and shooting 
in Hyderabad and curfews were 
imposed in both places. 

The West Indies play a one- 
day international in Hyderabad 
on November 18 and the third, 
test starts in Karachi on Novem- 
ber 20. Mr Jackie Hendriks, the 
West Indies manager, 
said: “These games are some 
way off and there has been no 
suggestion yet of revising lire 
itinerary. Kit I only hope the 
Pakistan authorities can provide 



proper security. We are entirely 
in their hands.” 

Meanwhile, Pakistan's 
chances of winning the second 
one-day international in 
Gujranwala today receded when 
it was learnt that Imran Khan, 
who still has a sore finger after 
bring hit by Marshall in the first 
test, has withdrawn. 

laved Miandad leads Paki- 
stan, who unexpectedly have 

ing batsman, Mudassar Nazar. 
He foiled again when be faced 
the West Indies at Sabdwal tins 
weekend and is completely out 
of form. 

PAKISTAN (bom* M^Bin KhWV Shoate 
(captain). Amu On*;. Sate Yousuf 
(wtcfcstfcMpm). Ww>n Atom. Taiawf 
Ahmed, Salaam toftor, Mamma BahL 

Astf MuttAaand iSaz Anted 

WEST WDffiS ttiwntC G MM, 
D L Haynes, R B Ffchanteon, I V A Ret- 
ards (captain). P J L Outon 
(wicketkeeper). M D Marshall, 
ft A Hamer. At IgteWl K R BsML 
AH Gray, BP Pamreon. CA MMl 


or agree to a resolution imposed 
by foe ICC. 

Bamaa Snfaba Row, foe 
TCCB rhamnaa wha is in Delhi, 
said that England would 
strongly defend the players’ 
right to spend their waiters hi 
Sente African employment. He 
conceded, though, that it would 
be hard for some Test-playing 
conntries to withstand political 





*t' '' T^l i KtJtI T n 




ttw*’’. mIT i rrr- r* r - ' • ■ > - : 4 - 1 

*{♦1 ti 


gathering does nor hare foe 
power to d uapi foe rates «a 
who can play internati o n al 
cricket. The West Iodlaii resolu- 
tion at next year’s meeting, two 
mnnrtm prior to foe World Cop, 
wffl propose a mn&ed stance on 
the dpbffiij question,, bat : he 
does not expect k to. parish 
players who at the tee they 
acted had conformed with the 
existing ICC rates. 

These prohibit cricketers 
Ural puyiag id itfiics HiuftT r 
matches in Sooth Africa— as 
teams from England, Sri Lanka, 
West Indies and Anstrafia have 
done-hot make no rating 
coaching, or playing n 
Ban-representative games. Last 
season over 79 English pro- 
fessionals went to Sorih Afrrea. 

Mr Solve said the Sonfo 
African visit conld came em- 
barrassment to the players and 
to world cricket. “The whole 
matter b in a m e ft iag pot, and 
next July wffl deride tire future 
coarse of action”, he said. Rafi 
Nasfm, the Pakistan Board 
secretary, said both cricket bod- 
ies mould “hare to go along with 
the peScy of onr respective 
governments”. Bat he added 
that the cricket authorities 
would first draw up their own 
proposals and “it b wise we 
foam with air governments 
after w ard s”. 

- Infix’s premier, Rajiv Gan- 
dhi, b head ef the w»-aligned 
movem e nt; and aekfabenrinc 
Bangladesh, along with Zim- 
babwe, banned the England B 
team last winter because it 
contained cricketers who had 
played in Sonfo Africa and 
appeared on a United Nations 

England's protests at the time 

have not allayed fears, ex- 
pressed Mtabfrby the Players' 
Association secretary. Jack 
Bumbler, that foe Test and 




i V f'i 


Formidable tasks 
for Scottish teams 

Celtic were defiant. Rangers 
worried and Dundee United 
confident as Scotland's three 
representatives in European 
competition flew out yesterday 
oh the first stage of formidable 
assignm ents. 

Although Critic are well 
aware that Dynamo Kiev, with 
whom they drew l-l in the first 
kg of thrir European Gap tie ax 
Parkhead, are firm favourites to 
go through to tire next round, 
David Hay, tire mana ger , in- 
sisted that h is team still .have a 
future in Europe. 

“It amrears that everyone 
expects the great Kiev — and 
they are a wonderful team — to 
win,” he said. “But tint is 
everyone except us.” 

He added: “Of course, it is 
going to be difficult, but don't 
forget that Critic have a great 
cup fighting tradition and as 
much pride as any dub in. 

Dynamo, however, will be 
even stronger with Blokhin, 
thrir international winger, bade 
in action, ami Critic must play 
with more resolution in defence 
if they are to achieve what, with 
respect to Hay, would be one of 

By Hwgh Taylor . 

Bnaaos the best results even in their 

Celtic will be unable to name 
a side until Mclnally, their 
robust attacker who mured tire 
m a tch w ith Rangers because ofa 
virus, passes a fitness test. 

Rangers travel to Portugal" for 
thrir UEFA Cup tie with 
Boavista in Oporto reacting hr 2- 
1, bat with mounting worries 
about injuries. 

Fourof tbrir most impo rtant 
ji tters were wemte aed doobt- 

cxratpletod* by Souuess, hooper 
and Fo^uson was confident of 
playing in what will be a tense 
match against opponents nppar- 
entiy shll incensed with what, 
they described as “violent Ria/* : 
by Rangers at Ibrox. Rahgera; 
however, are |dayii».sadi styF. 
ish football that foey- shumt 
return undefeated. • 

Dundee United hold a 3-0 
advantage over University Cra- 
iova in their UEFA Cupjue mid 
they fed they can gD through to 
tire nextrinind even tbou^i they 
may play ih. Romania without 
their outstanding central defen- 
sive partnership of Narey and 
Hegerty who are iiyured. 

Perryman looks ahead 

Oxford United have given 
Steve Perryman, aged 34, per- 
mission to have talks with 
B ren tford, who want him as a 
player and assistant manager. 
The former Tottenham Hotspur 
skipper, who moved to Manor 
Road in April and was ap- 
pointed ca p t ain at tire start of 
the season, has lost his first team 
place. Maurice Evans, the Ox- 
ford manager, has told him he 
will not stand in his way if he 
wants a move. 

Evans “I think th at 
Steve can become a very good 
manager and he will benefit 
from starting at a lower division 

• Watford will have further 

Fulham only two days after 
joining tire third division dub 
on a part-time contract. 
Greaves, a winger, aged 25, was 
signed from non-league dub 
Atfieton Town and was im- 
mediately named •. in 
ChesterfiekTs squad for thrir 
thinldivisioQ game. 

•Fourth division Scunthorpe 
United have signed the forward 
Ian Ricbardsou from Chester, 
for £15,000, the satire amount', 
that he cost Chester from Wat- 
ford 1 8 months ago. 

FA Trophy draw 

Md V ogtogt G tewtwroir 1 - - 
Maflodc Hyde United V Momrfor. 

CM* v moton; Tom Uwte 

set to slip 

By Clive White 

Manchester Urited’k season 
of despair is poised to take 
another downward team tontflt 
in tireir^ Litdewoods Cup thud- 
round replay at thh Dell where 
they wiU be without tire inspixa. 
. tional Bryan Robson, and pos- 
sibty Stradnn and Sivabadc. 

EhminaticHX by Smtimpta 
from ibis potentially lucrative 
competition wffl leave United 
with precious link to recoup 
fiosn the season. ^ Their hopes of 
kagoc chanqnoBShip Tidies 
. have surety long since passed, 
positioned^ they are at 19th in 
tire table. 

„ Jhe disruption, never mind 
tire loss, caused by injuries is the 
jihsf thing Ron Atkinson, their 
^pnanager, needs now as be tries 
Bate inrect some Bdfconfidence 
fire bade into a nde who 
■lave' not won away in the 
. League aft season. Stxachan, like 
Rrixfon, has a hamstring strain 
and 3ns absence could leave 
Dititediriihout mudiioventhsi 

Mooes, win take over from 
Robson, and Gibson could be 
.' given a tare outing in place of 
tire little Scot. Dnxtnay is the 
obvious replacement for 
Svabadc, who has a thigh 
injury. Southampton have 
: doubts about thrir forwards 
Clarice, who scored his L2thgoal 
of the season mi Saturday, and 
Wallace - 

- Aston Vffla tefl quite a dif- 
ferent story since their eariy 
season depression. B e a t e n just 
'once since the arrival of Billy 
MdNeffl five weeks ago, thor 
casurity problems get better fry 
tire d3y. For the replay against 
Derby Chunty at VBla Park, 
Mdhfeffl actually has a choice at 
cent re baf£ where before 
avaftabfflty dictated. Effiott has 
now served a three-match 
suspension, and ffireh ts fit after 
nnsring Saturday’s defeat of 
T ricesier City. 

BnanCloqsb, whose NbMk* 

mi — r*— ■ — i&diugd 

fixim tnsjob as amurecoB thc Hgaj L 
coal fece at Markham Colliery pSwwS---™-.-- 
lo play ftw Cbesterfield a g ain st Matches Mbapteyed on 

Wood rolls in for a slice of the silver 


|r| p j 

g ay., 

For years indoor bowls was a 
makeshift winter substitute for 
Drake’s summer town game It 
is a substitute no longer. These 
days, judging by monetary cri- 
teria alone, boms {flayed under 
cover, cm carpets of man-made 
fibre, is serious business. Prize- 
money at the Preston Guild HaB 
(where the UK CHS singles is 
brings played) amounts to 

. Rolling up for a slice of ti2 
money cake, Willie Wood (Scot- 
land) and David Hamilton Ore- 
land) hid their aggressive 
ambition under the accustomed 
veneer of gentlemanly etiquette. 
Wood is a self-employed motor 

By a Special Correspondent 

mechanic from Gifford; near 
Edinburgh, and has a world 
reputation based .on his 
Commonwealth Gaines gold 
medal in 1982 and world silver 
in 198A Hamilton is a happy- 
go-lucky Belfast maths teacher 
with a keen sense of humoox. 

Neither his a d ro itnes s with 
figures nor his wit helped 
Hamilton as Wood, dour and 
. determined, motored to victory 
in two straight jets, finishing the 
game, with a fortunate flick for 
two shots. Wood, who draws 
well butis most dangerous when 
striking, wffl (flay Tony Allcock, 
the world champion, in the 
second round. 


The dash betwee n John 
FuHaxton (Scotland) and Steve 
Rees (Wales) was only the 
fourth out of 13 first-roCnd 
matches to require a third set 
Fullarton appeared to be in 
command, having won the first 
set 7-4. On the green this 
Scotsman is hardly famous fix- 
ins generosity but he gave the 
second set away when ne took 
out his own bowL It was an 
expensive twiwinw. 

Itees, the British junior cham- 
pion, cheerfully accepted the 
gift, gained visibly in confidence 
and stepped up his game. . 
roWT ROUND: W Wood (ScoO fit 


Australians are just the ticket 

By Keith MadtHn 

: •. i j 


" 1 Ti; 1 "‘w , . 

While Australia have to re- 
shuffle their pack for Saturday’s 
imernatjouai at Qland Road, 
owing to the dislocated shoulder 
of Steve Roach, thrir front-row 
forward. Great Britain have a 
fully fit squail, which will be 
announced this morning. 

Tomorrow the Britons will 
train at EDand Road before, 
moving to them training camp at 
Shaw Hill Country Quh, 
Cboriey. Maurice BamJford, 
their coach, has stated that he 

will choose from the 17 players 
who trained for the first inter- 
national at Old TntflbnJ, which 
Australia won 3S-16. ' 

An a tte ndan c e of 35,000 or 
more is expected for the game 
afia ihe record 50,000 at Old 
Traffic iL David Howes, the 

said: “we have already sold 
more than 13,000 seals. It’s 
otmons that the Australian 
geafannanceat OfaiTtaffoidiias 
fred everyone's imaginafTnw 

and in q u irie s fisr tidoris have 
. come from throughout the .Brit" 
ish Istos." \ w . . 

Tonight Oldham becoeM tfet: 
latest dub to be dRS®.^,-; 
saoificri tombs for the mfo qdtg ^ 

visitors. They wifi fine .»»..•• 
second string, which wffl'tfj?- 
CHdham little comfort, 

fed as the first team. OkUgV - 
wifi have David Tooli% 
experienced stand-off 
maction, - ' . . ■ : j 




Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

-.r. : - . ''Ml # Death Row — A One-Woman 
* BsaToTTV. lOJOpm) takes np 

vA JSS^batf 4>f this month’s First 

' ‘ .'••'li-. A, OP 1 ' j <mn chnnld mncider 

The awful secrets of the last sitting 

' ■- - /- — j 111 \ chair of as many occupanis as they poignant aoty of th< 


(^Otasnianyoccupanisasthey ^^taoryo^^c^^ 
can. Theirs is an uphffl bailie the foalujonude boj .SSJS: 

•which is not made any easier by S 

state orMoeutois siting them the author of The book on which toe 

law, and by some prisons refusing OTiginal screenplay, wili be 
Semaoc^ to the men in Death apparent u> anyonewfao tasteri 
Rowwbose last hopes of survival her remartabk ^hcal case ha- 
rest solely on them. If this emerges lones rn The Times. 
as a cme-oded film, it is piobaUy #Jtedto Jota Gidgmrs 

:tba ck 

fit head, there is nothing he can staic ui v w 

> ;^SK»it for the two Charges of mechmics ofkgal dectroc^oa 

: *£* fSvottsthal will blister his le^s The ftameworkof teto; 

-..v , - £££ taping him out of this mentary is the effort being made 

- by abolmomsts such as Mane 

■ -'.z 's'-. 7 w 2?!i* r«» iiw heaw he will Deans — the so-called 
^ ^Sly s^^a^i^^iKi the “paralegals”- and by defence 
v win need to stuff lawyers who get no payment for 


does for yoo. n ' 

• FOr me, the 1 
tonight’s continuing 

oroerwiac uuve j. 

regaled wiih a non-stop teatal of 
setffity from a character too 
thinks he is carrying woes of 
the entire world on his shouldas. 

m • fl ewl WOT rmT 

• ™ r*~ m tne enure worn m wa 

tonights continuing BBC Tele- m Quay's first play, ^ 
vision 50th anniversary cefeora- already, the landscape of his great 

4V«a nLxbnanflff fit On . « * — * — triciW# 


"V " - 

vision 50th anmversary cetewa- a i rca dy i the landscape of his great 
tions is the re-*owmg of On * later works was dearly visible. 
Giant's Shoulders (BBC 2 , Peter pp walle 

930pm), a® almost unbe arably * eKr ^ 

The executioners: uexm 

non a vus " ■ 




t3.4 c ‘g 
. ** ^ 

■> N; bouP and GwMtahrtriora. 

:r=* - J 5 : weather at B-G& 7.25, 7.55, 

. . . '"H* (L25 835; reokmal news, 

vreatherandtranfcatft57, . 
7-S7 and 8J27; rational 


--■• 41 ' fS.aJO.WiyandBJKI. 

n~ .; fe- Minutes documentary that 

ana mramnuuMM « i 

• MWitesaocumeniBrYOT* 

■. tt eavesdrops on Just a few of tne 

. ' v -%-: birthday parties thrown in the 

V.‘^a; 1981 . « 545 

Advice Shop. Margo ■ 

r.-^ MacDonald with news of social 

- . . StS benefits 10.00 

‘ - '-ISfias ffi 'pScStSdd wfth news of 
^ cKBdron’stBlevblon 
— programmes, and defivartng 

Simon Davies 1030 Homy's 

I POfln».L 1055 Ffoo to Beven. A thoughtfor 
the dw from Joan raLuml^ 

, . V11 ^ ilJJOVefliterteniatehen 

Initei ell^ : 

... j „ aomment on yesterday's 

^cttosl^ssyssiss^r . 

. “ Mtehelmore recans his 

'■( favourite television memones 

r . 1i55 Regional news 

4 !r " [ “ -^isijoo Mews with Martyn Lewis. 

Weekday drama serW about 
we in'a Melbourne siAurb. 

’'■« r. : 

: ! Kiet 


- - =;» SfiRRSffiS 89 

‘ r3! chooee between her love wr 

w-.-^ - the gaflant nobleman andmr 
K-rzzi duties as Queen. Obeetedby. 

• "c:*i Michael Curtiz 


- — captain Cavemaitjn 4.15 
. . : iSSme TMcher.Tbe second 

■ ~ r £*ii£t9££ 

heat of Cbwnpton of 

Champions week. 430 Record 
Pwlwis presented by Roy 
Casde, Fiona Kennedy, and 
JuUanFarfna - 
5.00 John Cravsn^ woond 

5.10 Qrsdae ML episode ntee. 

535 B Uste i t ss rn Quiz^ne. 

BjOO Mows with Sue Lawtay and 
PhffipHayton. Weather. 

535 Londoo Plus. ' _ 

7 M TsByAddfcts. The Woodruffs, 
campions for the tort mree 
weeks, are chaflenged by 

teMow Londoners, the 

and is soon Involved hi a 
barney with Mr WWmol- 

500 SSSSAm^tmm ! 

hfo adutt offspring out of the 
way Arthur feels twnpted to 
suggest to bte wife that they 

share a dbmer in the twin. 
Starring WBiiam Gaunt and 

* PatrfcfoGarwood. (Ceefas) 

530 Yes. Prime Minister. Jirn^ 

ES , . , 52 W» 

adviser that he is letting Sr 
Humphrey become too. 
domfrant (Ceefax)(r) 

500 Nows with John Hunpays apd - 

Andrew Harvey. Regfond 

newswfo w ectf wr. 

530 Big This finrf episode of 

me series finds the usually 

opdmisao Robby 
beginning to despafr. (pBe«a) 
1520 HB» 56. Bairy NornMpiwJews 
Felfcti's Qnger and Fred, wfo 
Ruthless People in which Bette 
Midler Diays a kidnapped wife _ 

• JSSSstn^rdeVlto the husband 

who doesn't want topaylha 
ransom. ; ___ 

1550 aMow.WM ApreJM 

500 Ohartiar. Leading focflw.fam 
star, RMdia. trtks fo Krlslwi 

Gould. 525 Csst ay- 


nxxsitdn cSnfosrs wa rescued 

' -aasssaaMr 

Place 1515 The serial about a 

^ wrf a£S 1 £ 5 S?iIoo 

ClotWng suttrtble fw the winter 
11.17 ifow forests are 

11.40 V ft» «Sni « ll»11Jr 



mS ii Jt ««3 Pfi? « 
inaxgtant for breaming 11-44 
Part one of a myster y da rama. 
Mr Magus Is Waiting for You, 
huflMW Kmdo. 

23 S 5 &SS 1 & 

the drama, Burfoy. 

500 You and Ma.^ series for four- 
and five-year olds, (ri 
515 SrnsB World. The skffls of 

David Secret who has revived 

.«212"2S^S?^SS^ , 

ssssceiS “ , as*a«B®i 

Second round matenes m bh 
CIS fosuranca lintted Kingdom 
Indoor Singles Bowls 

Championship. (Intrudes, at 

5S5regfonal news and 
•«atwn - 

1550 ahaMooey Mskars. Aproffs 
of Rusal wdy wften»»b“. 
• TATA Steel Works erf 

Insurance United Kingdom 
Indoor Singles Bowing - 
' Champlonshtp. 

- 11 JS0. weather. 

Tottenham. j 

500 Tlw Goodies. WMi Tim 


6 JO Stowial^k 

shot dead and suspbonfafis 


PatCoombs. (shown in Juno 

7.50 Fanny Craddock fo vttes. The 

flamboyant hostess prepares 
for awuie and chaese party, 
(shown to June 1970) 

510 &gntfs for Sunrtval’An award- 
wtoning natural history film 
made^ NfcoTInberger 

revealtog the lanpage of the 
tesser bfeck-backed 5^-- - 
(shown in December 1968) 

050 Nm the Nine tT^nck **“**• 
With Rowan Atkinson, Mai 
Smith. Pamela Stephenson, 

and Gkiff RhysJones. (shown 
| in October i960) 

I UhlMi and uirhflfll Robson. 

SriKsnk Lkama sartel ffout 
• an Australian ftaniy during tne 
Forties. „ . 

1JM) News at One with Leonard 
Parkin itfi Thames saws 
presantBd by Rohm Ho^on. 
U0 fir Palfrey of Westmins ter. 

. The Whitehall sieutfi s ordered 

to toweSgalB a British Merit 

after a tip-off fromamw e m 

530 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chars a stuiflo dtecusston ion 

the subject the Green Bott 

versus the Inner City. 

500 T^wLfttle Words. Quiz game 
tor couples S3S Thames news 
headlnes 530 TheYouog 
Doctors. Drama serial set to a 
I t.M . i .ril an rtfw hnsonaL 

Lesley Pearce comes kx«rg 


7 J0 George and Bfflkked. A enste 
ocasTto the Roper household 
when their ancient television 

500 8^C %w iorTViiS^ 

The entertainer's guesis M8« 

Yanwood, Bffly Crystal, Norman 
Coffier. and Kim wflde. 

500 First Among Eqiato. ^Jisode 

Six of the drama based on 
Jeffery Archer’s best-MBer 
and tragedy strikes An*ew at 
a critical tone in his political 
careen end when trie Tory 

leader resigns Simon and 

Chariesteca a erudal deciswn. 

1500 Ten with Wasteir 

Burnm etnd CarolBarrm. 
Weather tolowednby Thames 


1530 FkstTbssdawDMfli»»w-A 

Choice) affo Chah«Who 

Wait Proaress Report An up- 
date on tlw story shownsi 

Apri about two young dirfdren 

,u °k£S. 

£5 Testament An electronics 
expert fakes his own death 

when he discoverers wife s 

infidelity. Starring David 


animated Rm about the soiar 
545 i^kOBon. The last programme 

h the magazine sector 

older vtewere. Barbara ifony 

reviews magazines for older 

readers; Joan Shorten 

*«- ■ - kimi Kniftilc in 


Langton. (r) 

MgM Thoughts. 

500 TmtSddy Gams Siowjor 
chfldreSlOps Trim Dwr. 
Cartoon series. 4J0O5B. 


s-jnagers, presented by Bob 

Hotness. . 

545 news with Abater Stewot 

Andrew. . 

EmiMnuw psnn. ww 
eventog at the Wbolpadi ends 
up on foe noisy side when 




financial news at B^^ort at 

540 and TMt ®»ro«es i rt 
0J5 and 517; cartoon « 7.25; 
pc V mustom7^i^JW* 
eSretfs poe^^ Tto 

After Nine guests Include Gary 
Human, who helps make a 

dream come true for Cystic 

Fibross sufferer Barry 
Cousins; and fashion 
consuttent. Merrill Thomas. 


wasace. mai uawo u™ •* 
who adopt him, to try arfoBve 

playing himself, (shown in 
March 1979) 


review of television and 

a* 1975 
1520 Weather. 

Dossiblato play bowls in n 

£tirement for under one 

pound. Ptus, the pros and cons 
of keeping pets when older. 

4J0 Yesterday's e 

winner of the anagrams and 
mental arithmetic competition 


Wh rtetey is the 

s* ad V n 

thek dress-making (fisatoers to 

the studto for the experts ito 

^ esESswask 


750 85 BSW SS 2 ? -1, 

Campaign for Firework 

500 BrooksWe-GaB settles m at 
the Grants' again. 

■ an 4Wtwtlfs Worth. John 


dream kitchen that teOona 

discovers the best buy buBt-to 

500 Rtot The Baron end 

(1984) starring Jo hnny C ash 
and Richard Roundtrea^ 

made-for-televtsky ckahte 

about The Baron, a former 
poolroom hustier i wmo now 
]jse& m ski Is to heto others by 
playing for charity. When a 
yoiligupstart wants to raise 

foe stakes of one game he 
throws to a wedtfing rmgthe 
Baron recognises as mat 

belonging to his ex-wife. 
Directed by Gary Nelson. 

10 - 4S 


CHANNEL s SKS-1 josjann on 


Beyond 12JI0 Soktera and Pr»«*»ni 
“ . . c nn fWvl FwwVfW 

11 JB taw— ■ 

m nr— MOM, nnit 

Scottish a aasss^o. 


ANGLIA SjaH EsSSnn On U»- 

1 JO Nows Sl5i45&wiwrd>l0 Fam 


mS rUnm. 



the Tate and Campbell 
11 j«5 Condon Band to 

concert teaturtngWIW Bflt 
Davison on co met. Cutty 
CuttershaD on trombone. 
Peanuts Hucko on idarmrn. 
Buzzy Drootin on druns, arm 

Eddie Cordon on ffiftar. Ends 

at 12.15 


We’re celebrating 21 years of 
manufecturing and installing 
top-quabiy double ^azmgn^u 

. l«n wide and we’d like yoo to jomm 

if t*^ ^ ^ Wre offcringunbeatable^ 

discounts throughout 
. • a i«»t rano ^ ot mtenor 


o' FOR YOU! 

' « 

,--i Srf-::. •/•SgR- f!v C.i •••• * [i. t '| 

' ■: : :; ¥:i " - - 

r. -r : ii 

?• ? ? W&’ 

Wiuuuwgj *>r 

and patio doors. . . . . , — — . 

■ • ■ • ■ ^ snrh ester M16 8HH. 

-^stssrr -oraHnEssir'-n^'^ 

&yNTsypTo 4 u/Q\i > 

T 'Ofirfia^riw Name (A^/Mis/Miss) 

faniMW- m m mZ 

: i I •>;* fisjwS--' - •••• M ■ • 

K ’ *■? , 

MFjraedkim wove). Stereo on . 


&30em urtfl 53hp<a then at 10.00 


Smith's Breakfast Show 930 

Gw Davies aJMSteveWr^w 

530 Newstwet (Frank Partridge) 

Jfc? 5 s 2 sSR 5 io 2 Mttr» 


Naws on the 1 hour two™": 


Sr SRS iSSbi 



obwnpionship— Herd Btxrwer 
Graham v Martcte^ IJI^^ 
toman rtRWlWJJ" » 
Lbs (Lbs DawsortllJDO Bran 

bMUiew iJOOem Cftwtes nove 

. 500-500 A UtBeWtfit Music. 


g N 6 W-WYIN 19 B 7 ^ 

| 5 ff SURVEY & DESIGN < — — — ^ 



• ■_ 

7wr-4h^ | 



855 Weather. 7M News 
755 Wegner Wfl 

Dutchman overture), 

Mascagni (totermezzo from 



TxJpatt (Sonata Mol: 
jffih0gdon.p»no).500 . 

505 Concert (continued) Verdi 
(Come In quesfora, 

Simon Boccanogra: wtti 
MtraOa Freni, soprano). 

Mozart (Rano Concerto No 


500 Nows 

955 This Week's Cfomposera: 

on three 

BBS ssa^- 

Surtess: w«h G aBna 


Borodin 0« me Steppes 




1555 FOft Son® and Dances: 

- Anthony GoWstone , 
rplanoLBaethoven (Air i russe 

Polonaise in C, Op 89, Six 

Ecoss^sas to E flat, 

Wo083).and Kodaty 

(Dances from Galana, 
transc by GoWstone) 

1130 AftktoSwembte 

Malcolm Amoid (Th ree 
Shaml» fa r wind quwet). 

1 Idiot 

(Wind Quintet to A flat) 

, 1110 


PuictoeDaland Poulenc (Les 

bfches^to): 1 ^* 8 

135 Concert (conttwed): 
Massenet (Le Cid MB), 

150 QixttoBwxBs:MwR«l 


(Partite No Z In Dtwnor. 

Cantor WBBam Sharito 
[prehida. The Geneste 
SuttK A swyiror from 
Warsaw, Op 46. And 

chorus and orchestra; also 

Symphony In Three 
3 55 Kodaty and 

Mendelssohn: Karoty 

Botvay (cello). PwsLane 

S^^fodNy (Senate 
Op 4J. 4iS News 

530 Mainty for Pleas ure 

ean Troubadours: reconfings 
of works by Marcabru 
(Pax to nomine Domlm, wttn 
Nigei Rogers, tenori.^. 
| T^^Hgt-u na sg bga. 

ciihnit Riouter's Plea de 

■i^Vl '1AL 

Wertter. 6- 1 0F wm 25«« a 
Today. 525 Prayer tor the 

Business News. &», im 
Weather. 73 5 830 
News. 730 Letters. 7^, 
8JB Sport 7.45 Thought 
for ttwDay. 557 Weatoen 


441 1 . Topk^ phcme-VL 
1030 Ne ws; From wOwn 
Oon^pondem. Ufe and 
politics abroad, reported by 

WiU J moiuii j. 

and Gmraut Rtouteris Pies ds 
tristor. with Andrea von 
Bamm. soprano) 

730 Arnold Codrefotin 

Lawson (piano). Anthony 
Gitoert (Arbor avkm 
canonttum), Arnold Cooke 


for piano, mid Suite for 
record® - and piano) 

730 Ivanov. John i Gielgud's 


□avid March. John . 
Ca ffH a, Pan Thompson and 





Ph*iarmo«c (under Michael 
TGaon Thomas). Log 

Angeles Ma^ Chonda. Jean 
Pcmmler toianoL 
soloists DaWatta Kim. Sal 
Dubtobeum. MichaMSejlS. 
Douteaa Law rence aaw 

930 Bruckner. London 

(under Klaus TannsBCMptoY 

tna Symphony No 8 mC 

minor * 

1135 First Night theatre®™ 


BC 3 SM£ 

by Jean Cocteau 

11,15 Joseph savereteln: 

iS^VivakJi (TY« Four . 

Seasons: Boston SO under 

E Concerto In Efflinor, 
Utah SO under 

1137 News 1230 Closedown 


1030 Morning Stoiy Th a t 

and read by Jo Anderson. 
1045 Dafly Servfce |M Every 
Momtog. p»e [11 QW 
1130 News; Travel; TWrty- 

Mmute theatre: The Day 
Mabel Became an 
Anchors, by J®^e 

waUdnshew. with Irene 

Hanlon, Crawford Logan 
and Been Nfchotes. The 
setting, a housing estate 

1133 TTw^SlJSgjWWi 

half an eye on Christmas, 

Peter France browses 
though thte year's crap 
Of natural history bocto. 
1500 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice. 

1527 Legal. Decent, Honest 
and Truthful. Comedy 

series sat In a n adve rtising 

agency, with M«ttn 

Jarvis end Christopher 

Godwin (a). 1235 
Weather Trawl 
130 Tha World At One: News 
130 The Archers. 135 

500 NawsfSomtfi s How. A 
special edition from 
Hamburg. Includes an 
interview with a 
prostitute cafled Domsnlca. 

the fashion dastener 

Danitfia Bechtofl, and the 
dty's Secretary of State 
tor Equei Opportunities 

330 News; Tha Afternoon 

ptay . Forever Blowing 
Bubbles, by Patrice Qiapfln 
With Angela Pteasenra. 

aSBSBB iiaiB— 


SSE T Sg^*ffIf®S.» 


GRANADA Gran ada Ra- 

yjn nmnnoacBi 11J0 HgW **17" 


Ftfcan Cmt 12JB Ctosa. 

GRAMPIAN ^ jgSS SaSnwiing 


Mrtan Canal 1U0 Hflm Wb« 1M0«b Nbwj. 


gSfflMU ttW^qSmanteB 


YORKSHIRE » jfflfflS5toi«s 


Box. ^ 

430 Kaleidoscopa. Last 


« EtSSS&fi 

anniversary ofBK; 

Television . Atw PH 
,« Newby's book Leaning to 

r -55 the Wind 

« 530 PM. Ne ws ma ^gie. 

S. 530 Shipping 535 

ht Weather- 

wn 630 News; Financial Report 

630 Top of the Form. 

Nationwide genenti ^ 

knowledge contest for 

l schools, wales versus 

Home Counties (r) 

730 News 
735 The Archers 
730 File on 4. 

630 Medidne Now. Geoff 
Watts reports on me 

i health of medical care, 

son- 830 The Tuwdw Feature 

wy Kadar’s Children. 

) Membwsotmel^ 

„ generation of Hungarians 

Jay who have growni upwith me 

consequences or me 

9 tailed upristoataBc about 

ne their society today to 

S 930 SrSSiK^’jtows 

late and totormafion for 

h ^ogg^havisaui 

nas. ago Near Myths. JohnEbckm 

t>p SIS tofiS Greek Is toKte. 

r •• sssstf@s> 

Mactwus at toe Lync. 
to Hammersmith and me 

y.^_ newBmflut WeasP yP”- 

rtBfn S 1515 A Book at Battens ABJ 


Tha story of an awart- 


430 News 

435 Poet to Poet Jenny 

Joseph examines the 

poetry of Wordsworth which 


ui O Uwi uj -r 

m. Read by John Rowe. 

1029 Wea tow 
1030 The wortdywjg™ 

•11.15 The Flnanoal World 

1130 Today to Parfiament 
1500 News; Weather. 1233 

1230 For 1 SctiocteJI 1 J® 


lia l^afWpg 

tene Broadiaattw 
History 11 -14: The Peasants 
Remit (1381) (4 

□Quota s Lawrence azno _ - 1 21 5kHz/247m:VHF-90- 

5^ ^ -~r- • 




THF.SH&8 TIMES Fta.pdMMi.ras 


Richards goes on the 

Freni Richard Sfreeton, Lahore 

Viv Richards spoke out 
yesterday on what he called 
Somerset's “complete lack of 
management" and “broken 
promises" and the role of 
Peter Roebuck in the sacking 
of Richards and Joel Garner 
that has led the county into 

Richards talked to The 
Times during a rest day in the 
tour of Pakistan by the West 
Indies team under his cap* 
taincy. He was still hurt and 
angry by the decision sud- 
denly reached in August as he 
recounted in full, for the first 
time, his view of events at 
Somerset including the threat 
by Ian Botham to quit the 
county if the West Indians are 
not reinstated at the extraor- 
dinary general meeting next 

"The people fighting to 
bave things put right have 
honesty and justice on their 
side and they deserve every 
support" Richards said. “As 
long as they win at the meeting 
and provided everything is 
sorted out all the background 
problems and so on, I would 
certainly like to continue to 
play cricket for Somerset" 

Richards declined to specu- 
late on his plans if the so- 
called rebels lose on Saturday, 
although his name has been 
linked with Essex. 

He will be in the middle of 
the second Test in Lahore as 
the Somerset meeting is held. 
“I have not been in touch with 
anybody and have made no 
special arrangements to learn 

what happens, i guess Til hear 

soon enough." 

From the occasional British 
ne w spaper available here, 
Richards has followed recent 
developments. “Joel Gamer's 
attack last week on Peter 
Roebuck, the county captain, 
was folly justified and correct 
in every detail," he said. 

“What hurts still so much is 
that 1 spoke regularly with 
Brian Langford, the cricket 
chairman and with Roebuck 
and others. Certain things 
were said during the summer 
and promises apparently 
made and then suddenly it 
was as if none of them had 
happened. The committee 
meeting was held one night 
and next morning we were 
called to the ground and told 
we were finished. 

“It is astonishing that such 
things can happen and that 
anyone can be treated that 

Richards: ‘broken pronrises’ 

way after 12 and more years 
with the club. We have played 
together and shared friendship 
over many years. 

“WdL I want people to 
know that Viv Richards is 
alive and kicking and that I 
have got a lot of cricket left in 
me. It is dreadful to think that 
someone like Peter Roebuck, 
whose game so often is so 
selfish, can be the one who cm 
de ci de that it is time for me to 
go. He has done man y cranky 
things over the years but this 
is unbelievable. 

Richards said he felt that 
people did not always realize 
ih«t players bave their ups and 
downs and were unable to 
turn on their best perfor- 
mances all the time “but I dp 
fed we have gives our fair 
shar e to Somerset". 

The present row bad not 
come about, Richards felt, 
because pf Somerset's lade of 
playing success. It bad more to 
do with “the complete lack of 
management in Somerset 

Botham seen as an anarchist 

In a book publish e d just a 
fen days before the crucial 
meeting of Somerset's mem- 
bers, Peter Roebuck, the 
county's captain, describes Ian 
Botham, a former dose friend 
bat now a bitter rival, as a 
"cricketing anarchist, who re- 
spects no rule." 

Roebuck says Botham's 
“maverick spirit leads his 
te am to rely too much on sweat 
and Inspiration." Curiously, 
the book, entitled It Sort if 
Clicks is largely foe product of 
the two men's co-operation. 

most of it having bees com- 
pleted before Somerset de- 
cided to dismiss Viv Richards 
and Joel Garner. 

Roebuck admits; “Ian and I 
fake opposing views on almost 
everythi ng." Talking of the 
man whom he relieved as 
county captain he says: 
"Botham is a cricketing an- 
archist; he respects no rale, 
bows to no rirenmstance — 
No- did he show his yomger 
team mates tint be wanted his 
team to do weft. 


“They saw only tire legend 
who didn't want to bowl, 
couldn't talk to them easily 
and took reckless gambles. 

They saw his anarrlosm not as 
hilarious fort as destructive." 

Botham is quoted by Roe- 
bock as saying: "There is ray 
little common ground between 
me and the average player. 
Frankly I think most famous 
cricketers are too big to play 
county cricket That sounds 
totally arrogant, hot I think: 
it’s true." 

League to Ferguson in to bring new 
*rH k r>ffn look to Scotland 

Card plan By Hugh Taylor 

By Chris Moore 

A Football League sub- 
committee, beaded by PhiKp 
Carter, foe chairman of 
Everton and chairman of the 
management committee, are to 
meet this week to consider a 
national membership card 
scheme devised by Walsall, 
the thud division side. 

The scheme, designed to 
combat hooliganism, wQl be 
presented to League officials 
on Thursday. 

Aunuuuring the plan yes- 
terday, Roy Whalley, foe Wal- 
sall seoetary, said dmenssmos 
with representatives of a wide 
range of business, industrial 
and marketing companies, had 
reached an advanced stage. 

“We believe that, if ap- 
proved, the scheme could 
represent a positive response 
to the problems faring our 
national game today," 
Whalley said. 

“We think it would over- 
come the kind of objections 
previously made against 
membership schemes for foot- 
ball dubs." 

The plan involves a type of 
identification card which 
would allow holders access 
into any ground in the coimtiy. 

Last month the Football 
League were given six weeks 
by foe government to come ap 
with ways of prating their 
house in order. 

New hope was given to 
Scotland's disgruntled football 
supporters yesterday when a 
pod of players with a refresh- 
ing difference was announced 
for the E uro pe a n champion- 
ship international with Lux- 
embourg at Hampden a week 

The coach. Andy Roxburgh, 
has at last acknowledged that 
it is time for sweeping changes 
and has opened foe door to a 
few of the country's most 
sparkling youngsters. 

His most significant move 
is die introduction to the 
international scene of the two 
midfielders, Ferguson and 
Durrant, who have played a 
leading role in the change of 
fortune at Rangers, and who 
may be the influential players 
Roxburgh believes can con- 
struct the new, modern pat- 
tern he has in mind for the 
national side. 

Many wiO fed that it is too 
earjy to plunge lads, neither of 
whom are yet 21, into inter- 
national conflict. But the truth 
cannot be hidden — Ferguson 
and Duirant are by for the 
most impressive midfield 
(flayers in the country.“They 
have had an incredible rise, 
and are playing with 
distinction," said the coach. 

Whether both play, or one 
of them is paired with Paul 
McStay, does not really mat- 
ter. What is important is that 

By Hugh Taylor 

Roxburgh has seized a golden 
opportunity for experiment 
Luxembourg are perhaps the 
weakest of all the countries in 
foe European championship. 
Scotland’s disappointed tartan 
army has had of the 

old guard. They are looking 
for a new brigade who can 
bring back style and personal- 
ity to a tram tired, dispirited 
and devoid of ideas as well as 
suffering from a lack of goals. 

Roxburgh has already de- 
cided that the new defence 
which played in Dublin is 
more to his taste than that in 
which the Aberdeen pair. 
Miller and McLeish, collabo- 
rated for so long. The long- 
serving duo find themselves 
missing from the squad this 


date), A Occam (Okfim 
Ooogh (T«Mn 

Mfupai fuunoM inmik i* anm 
(WosS Has 

t(AbwdBMi). H Connor 









Staip (Eoorton). 

time, and if the partnership of 
Gough and Hansen impresses 
as it should against a lack- 
lustre Luxembourg attack, this 
may signal the end of the 
international career of the two 
Aberdeen players who gave 
their country such service. 

As well as these two, 
Strachan, McAvennie, Smith 
and Narey are out, mainly 

because of injury, and new- 
comers to the squad are 
Goram, Ben, McCoist and 

Will a dub partnership of 
Johnston and McOair bring 
the goals so urgently needed if 
Scotland are to have any 
chance of qualifying in the 
tournament in winch they 
have never distinguished 
themselves? Or will an old 
Firm pairing of Johnston and 
McCoist prove the solution? 

Though Souness, the master 
who is undoubtedly the in- 
spiration the Scotland team 
most sadly miss, is still not 
available because of his 
commitment to Rangers, his 
former Liverpool colleague, 
D alglish, is named again and 
it is hoped that the country’s 
most distinguished veteran 
will play from the start to give 
a lead to the young men who 
will be blooded. 

Some adm i ss io n prices for 
the tie have been cut 
Wingstands are down to£8.0Q. 
• Critic are in trouble over 
scenes at the Sfafl Cup Final 
against Rangers on Oct 26. The 
SFA’s Referee and Disci- 
plinary committee yesterday - 
discussed the report erf match 
referee, David Syme, and 
decided to call Celtic chair- 
man, Jack McGinn, and man- 
ager, David Hay, to a special 
meeting, the date stiH to be 
decided. In the match, Mau- 
rice Johnston was sent off and 
nine others booked. 

Northern Ireland give 
call-up to Wilson 

By George Ace 

tax now. 

save in 

Believe if or not, you may find you’re being a 
little too generous to the tax man. 

If that’s true, then Hill Samuel's RESERVE FUNDS® 
could help. 

They form a personal investment service that 
should make your money grow; reduce die impact of 
tax, and maintain your standard of living well into the 
retirement you've always dreamed of. 

But don’t sleep on it. Post the coupon, today 
There’s no obligation. 

Because, after afl, a little friendly advice could 
mean retirement on a yacht in the Seychelles, instead of 
the odd boat trip in Margate. 

Danny Wilson, the Brighton . 
captain, has been called up 
and Sammy Mcllroy, the 
World Cup captain, has been 
left out of Billy Bingham’s 18- 
man Northern Ireland squad 
for the European Champion- 
ship group four qualifying 
mfltrfi against Turkey in Ismir 
tomorrow week. 

Wilson, who qualifies for 
Northern Ireland because his 
mother was bom in London- 
derry — a new ruling recently 
m a de by the football associ- 
ations of the home countries— 
i is aged 26 and has been under 
the Bingham microscope for 
some time. 

Bingham, who announced 
his squad yesterday, said: “I 
have watched Wilson on sev- 
eral occasions when I was 
checking on Stephen Penney. I 
was aware then of his Irish 
connection but, unfortu- 
nately, his lather didn't come 
from Ireland, only his mother, 
and that was insufficient then 
to make him eligible. 

■ “But the rule has been 
changed and be is just the 
player I want for a midfield 

Mcllroy was used as a 
substitute for Ian Stewart in 

the recent game against Eng- 
land but he has been inactive 
since his return from Sweden a 
short time ago and Bingham, 
albeit reluctantly, has omitted 
his 32-year-old former cap- 
tain. But it may be premature 
to think that Mcllroy has 
played his last game, in the 
green jersey; he Iras received a 
tempting otter from Hamilton 
Academicals, at present 
languishing at the foot of the 
Scottish premier division 
without a win in 15 games. 

The rest of the squad is on 
similar lines to that named for 
the Wembley match with 
Quinn retaining the spot he 
gained when Paul Ramsey 
pulled out through injury. 
David McCreery, another 
non-starter against England, is 
alsoback in contention attar 

Hoohoo, (Burfl, 6 Dunlop {UnfieWJ. J 

cricket for many years. I 
exempt the chairman , Mic hael 
Hfli, from my criticism, al- 
though he is gullible, a lmost 
too nice a m an , and perhaps 
not decisive enough-” 

On the conflict between the 
county and the rebels who 
support h im and Garner, 
Richards said: “A lot of 
thought has gone _ into the 
committee's campaign to get 
tiling ? across to members and 
there have also been a lot of 
wrong things in the news- 
papers. I particularly want to 
put this straight: I have never 
been jealous of Martin Crowe, 
who they want to take ray 

“Over many years in 
cricket, I have always believed 
that I have put those gifts of 
talent which God gave me to 
the best possible use. I give 
thank* for those gifts and I 
have the confidence to know 
that I have no cause to be 
jealous of anyone. Those who 
know cricket and the statistics 
show l am right" 

Richards said it bad been 
extraordinary that when he 
and Garner tni|Al their last 
appearance for Somerset 
against Derbyshire in a Sun- 
day league game, there had 
been nothing said or done by 
any of Somerset's manage- 
ment committee to mark foe 
occason.“Notane word. Not 
one token to mark our fare- 
well. ft was awful of than and 

Hoping for 
of glory 

By Clive White 

What Tottenham Hotspar 
thought was a p ertinent mo- 
meat in this week of European 
activity to make an appeal 
against the condemafom of 
FnpKsh dibs IVffM hudfy 
have been more iB-timed after 
foe violence on the White Hart 
Lane pitch on Saturday. 

Nevertheless, then attempt 
to restore the camaraderie of 
those memorable glory, glory 
nights of the put, with a 
ftrfc « |mw i foe famous 
West G e rman dab, SV Ham- 
burg, tonight is d ese rv ing of 
mwgnifion at home and 

The West Germans are, foe 
leading advocates of the retain 
of English dabs to European 
competition. Hamburg, by 
their v er y p resen c e , Bke that of 
AC MBan last May for 
Ar (files’ testimonial, are 
promoting a r rass o d a ti on with 
English dubs, a fact that 
UEFA win have to take notice 
of when they next consider the 
rcadnrisskm of English dobs 
into Europe. 

Hamburg, though they 
faded to qualify for Enope 
this season, are lying second 
on goal difference m then- 
domestic leagne and boast 
players of the quality of Stein, 
Jakobs, Grande! and fbreqpi 
imparts like Plcssers, of Bel- 
gian and Okonski, of Poland. 

Melia resigns 
after meeting 



vT* T 

Pointing the way: Willie Wood, die motor mechanic from 
Gifford, motoring in the direction of victory over David 
Hamilton m tire singles bowis tournament at Preston 

By JofanGoodbody 

The Stockport ma na ger , 
Jimmy Mefia, whose dub are 
bottom of foe fourth division, 
resigned yesterday after a 
meeting with the new chair- 
man Josh Lewis. 

Melia, who- led Brighton to 
the FA Cop final in 1983, left a 
two-bom meeting with Lewis 
and foe chief execative Terry 
McCreery to sa y: “I felt it was 
in everyone^ best interests if I 
left the dub. 

“ta many ways I am quite 
refiyed because it has been like 
floggings dead tense here this 
season." Stockport have won 
oily one game. 

Britain's prospective Olym- 
pic medal winners will be able 
to train more thoroughly be- 
cause of new two-year grants 
from the Sports Aid Founda- 
tion . The fou n dati on yes- 
terday announced a total of 
£735,104 to be divided be- 
tween many of Britain's less 
fashionable, if often highly 
successful, sports. 

The Minet Awards for 
Olympic Excellence accounts 
for£596,775, and among them 
is up to £12,000 for Steve 
Redgrave and Andy Holmes, 
both members of die coxed 
four who won the 1984 Olym- 
pic tide and are presently 
world champions in the coxed 

Holmes said that they were 
consi d e ri ng spending some of 
their money on altitude train- 
ing next April. “We want to 
know the effect of this kind of 
training on our performances. 
Many of our rivals are using 
rL”If it is valuable — people 
react differently to the experi- 
ence — the pair might tty it 
again later in the year before 
the world champi onships in 
Copenhagen in August and 
probably before foe next 

Their g^ant will also make: 
their programme of regattas 
more comprehensive and 

demanding. In the past, foe 
main East German regatta in 
May, winch attracts most of 
foe Communist bloc, has usu- 
ally been “prohibitively 
expensive" but in foe next two 
years participation will be 

Holmes says that the coxed 
pairs was a trial for both 
oarsmen this year. He said: “It 
went better than we could 
have expected and it . has 
sealed our file for the next two 
years. But to keep winning is a 
lot harder than winning once. 
We will have to be a lot foster 
than in the Olympics, so we 
will have to prepare better.” . 

Another sport, whose sob- 
cess at Los Angeles has been 
splendidly nramtamed since 
foe CHympics, is hodcey The 
14-man squad, who include 12 
England players, have re- 
ceived a total of £72,000: far 
their individual preparation. 
Roger Sel£ foe manager of foe 
Olympic squad, says that the 
money; will- allow -a ; greater 

has been possible in foe past 

The Sports Aid Foundation 
have also awarded £115,515 
for competitors not involved 
in Olympic sports and also 
£22,~81S ; for young compet- 
itors. • 

■(QuMns'S Psrtd 
or***! ( Leteastor 

in 1 1 filiTiiTijiiiiiiM 

(Newcastle Unfed). N 


==investment services 

pulls out 

Severiano' Ballesteros has 
withdrawn from the PGA 
European golf team he was to 
have captained in the Nissan 
Cup wodd championship 
starting in Tokyo on Novem- 
ber 6. 

Ballesteros says that a 
lingering state of poor health 
would not allow him to meet 
the “moral obligation" of 
feeling confident or giving bis 
best performance. 

Bernard Langer takes over 
as captain and Gordon J 
Brand Junr, the first reserve is 
flying to Tokyo today to 
complete the team which now 
comprises Langer, Sandy Lyle, 
Howard Clark, Nick Faldo. 
Ian Woosnam and Brand. 

Hooligan move 

A scheme to convert the 
football hooligans by giving 
them training and a closer 
contact with the dub is being 
started by Grimsby Town 
Football Club this week. The 
scheme — catted foe 15 Hus 
Club — is aimed at youtiri who 
have been in trouble with foe 



Ballesteros: poor health 

Yacht project 

The shore manager of 
Britain's America's Cup chal- 
lenge, Patrick Banfidd, has 
been appointed the project 
manager for foe fiat all female 

ca m paig n to compete in 
sailing’s most demanding 
event — the Whitbread 
Rouud-the-World Yacht 
Race. . The Maiden Great 
Britain Project— as it has now 
been christened - with Berk- 
shire-born Tracey Edwards at 
foe helm, is one of tire first 
campaigns to be launched in 
readiness for tire 1989/90racc. 

In the money 

New York (AP) — Marvin 
Hager will defend his world 
middleweight title against the 
former welterweight and ju- 
nior middleweight world 
champion Sugar Ray Leonard 
in what could be the biggest 
money-spinner in boxing his- 
tory on Monday, April 6, in 
Las Vegas, According to the 
promoter. Bob Arum, Hagler 
is guaranteed‘$12 million and 
Leonard Slim. But, Arum 
added, with a potential 
audience of three nuBkm, foe 
contest could gross $100m, 
with Bader, talcing home as 
muchasS37m with Leonard’s 
take between SI 2m and SI 3m. 

Debate date 

Counties are being given an 
extra chance to help them 
decide whether impor tant 
changes to foe firet-dass 
cricket structure will be bene- 
ficial to domestic cricket. The 
Test and County Cricket 
Board have called a special 
meeting for November 18 to 
debate foe recomendations 
made by, the Palmer report, 23 
days before they must vote on 
crucial alterations to the 1988 

Se a an m vu having 
trouMerietpInu * 
Affably be cheeked foe God 
whe was starting helmsman on 
Cour ag eou s ht 1974 what 

school. “After Doris threw 
Usfrft headsaft over the sUt 
he kw to have foe 
same speed," said Dickson, 
refe rr ing to the gybe mark 
reddest when the Stars aud 
Stripes crew cut loose a geaoa * 
washed off the toredeck. 4 

He tamed and addressed 
Goner, impassive with foe 
trademark white Mock-out 
cream st& rend Ms Kps. 
“Sherri hare me back for. 
that one Derafa^he kidded, 
with the boahonfaous ar- 
rogance of the young winner. 
Goner looked as if Ms resides 
were mbs Mm. 

Dickson rerinds one in- 
escapably of Subdb Callow 
{flaying the yoang Mozart. 
The afreet nwmnunir ation 
with a talent too fierce to be 
denied: eyes that combine 
almost fe&ae repose and 

Connor wains 
of “rebel* Cup 

A “rebel" America’s Cut^f 
could be in prospect unless a 
row over advertising 
sponsors’ names is not re- 
solved, American skipper 
Dennis Conner warned today. 

Conner, who losttheOip to 
Australia in 1983, said the 
world's top yachtsmen would 
race outside international 
yachting rules rf the ruling 
body fiuled to keep pace with 
the multi-million dollar 

sponsorship the sport needs. 

passivity with enormous 

perception and power. . 

That he is a prodigy cannot 
be denied. The youngest skip- 
per rafting fat the America's 
Cup, Dickson has seared 13 
wfais tot of 14 races. Conner 
hud “beaten him — once. 
Wahhi the Kiwi syndicate one 
bears' that Ms crew may not 
worship the ground he walks 
on hat brieve tint no one alive 
can make their boot go faster. 

“He’s foe utmost pro- 
fesskmal, tough or himself 
and tough on the people 
around him," says the chshv 
nan. of the New Zealand 
syndicate, merchant hanker 
Michael Fay. 

“H he’s unsure about some- 
tiring hell core ap and ask 
hew to do ft. 11 

Whenever asked about pol- 
icy m at t ers outside foe race- 
sowree, controversy over glare 
fibre or whatever, Dickson 

just drive the boat" 
enlightening, it has foe merit # 
of truth. 

The yoang man with Ms 
hand on sailing's Wheel of 
Fortune comes from a New 
Z e al a nd yachting dynasty. 

His father Boy. is me d the 
country’b foremost ocean rat- 

he went to scbsoL In to 
teenage years he won Worm