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No 62,608 


firm in face of 
Senate defeat 

• The Democrats took control of the 
US Senate by a majority of 55-45 in the 
mid-term elections 

• President 
there would be no 

said defiantly 
in his political 

• He was heartened by a gain of 10 gov- 
ernorships by the Republican Party, 
f hiinirs to his personal campaigning 

• There was little change in the House 
of Representatives, where file Demo- 
crats already held a majority 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan was un- 
daunted yesterday by the dra- 
matic Democratic gains in the 
Senate, which swept away the 
Republican majority and left 
the President facing concerted 
opposition in both Houses of 

The White House insisted 
there would be no change 
whatsoever in the President's 
political agenda. He would 
continue his policies on 
reforming the economy, in- 
Teas ing US military strength 
ind seeking arms control with 
the Russians, for all of which 
he had the support of the 
American people. He would 
also seek to build coalitions on 
individual issues in Congress 
to get his policies enacted. 

“Of course there will be a 
change in tactics.” Mr Larry 
Speakes, the White House 
spokesman, said. But he said 
Mr Reagan had a history of 
working successfully with 
opposition parties. 

And in a note of defiance, he 
said Mr Reagan knew that his 
long, hard campaigning on 
behalf of Republican can- 


in the 

Aberdeen was hard 
hit by the plunge 
in oil prices. But 
hopes are high 
that the slump is 
only temporary 

• There is £8,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition, double the 
usual amount as 
there was no winner 

© Portfolio list, page 
29; how to play, 
information service, 
cage 24. 


Credit first 

The Co-operative Bank is to 
become the first European 
.■auk to pay interest' to its Visa 
-edit card- holders with ac- 
iunts in credit Page 25 

Celtic out 

'eltic went out of the Eura- 
sian Cup after losing to 
Dynamo Kiev, but Dundee 
United won their UEFA cup- 
ie against Universitatea 
Jraiova Pag® 46 


12 lessons 

Twelve ways in which indus- 
trialists can help education to 
play its part in the economy 
are detailed in the introduc- 
tion to today's five-page Gen- 
eral Appointments 

section Pages 35-39 


Britain's printing industry has 
gone through a revolutionary 
change and its effects are only 
beginning to be felt 
Special Report, pages 31-33 

Home Nws 7f 

Overseas 8-10, 13 
Appe 22-2® 
Arctaeatagy « 
Arts H ‘5 
Births, deaths* 
marriages *> 

Business 25-30 
Church 22 
Court 22 

Crosswords 1W4 

Diary a{ 

Features IWii 

didates had influenced the 

The White House was 
pleased by the Republican 
gain of 10 governorships. This 
brought the total number of 
states now with Republican 
governors to 24, covering half 
the nation's population . And 
Mr Speakes noted that the 
Democrats' gains in the House 
of Representatives had been 
held to a "’historic low”. 

Nevertheless, for all the 
brave talk in the White House, 

Fnll results 8 

Background reports 9 
Leading article 21 

the mid-term elections have 
dealt a harsh blow to the 
Administration, and to Presi- 
dent Reagan personally. 

The Democrats gained nine 
marginal Senate seats, 
overturning the Republicans’ 
former 53-47 majority, and 
leaving them with a comfort- 
able majority of 5545. Losing 
only one seat in Missouri — 
long expected because they 
fielded a weak candidate - the 
Democrats surpassed even 
their own hopes, and con- 
founded the analysts who had 
predicted a very close result. 

The Democratic sweep be- 
gan early on, when they 

Lair Report 










Pim Bonds 


Sale Room 




Sport 41-44,46 

Theatres, etc 


TV & Radio 






ft it * * * * 

captured three vital seats in 
the South-East — Florida, 
Alabama and North Carolina. 

They continued with the 
predicted comfortable win of 
Ms Barbara Mikulski over her 
woman opponent in Mary- 
land, pointing up the great loss 
to the Republicans caused by 
the retirement of the liberal 
Senator Charles Mathias. 

As the results came in from 
further west, they went on to 
capture South and North Da- 
kota, two sparsely populated 
stales devastated by the col- 
lapse of the farm economy, 
and added Nevada — former 
Senator Paul Laxalt's old seat 
— Washington State, and after 
a very close race in Georgia. 

The Republicans failed m 
their concerted and very 
expensive attempt to wrest 
California from Senator Alan 
CranstroE, the 72-year old 
craggy liberal elected to an 
unprecedented fourth term. 
And by a hair’s breadth Mr 
Tim Wirth, a liberal Demo- 
crat, kept Senator Gary Hart’s 
old seat in Colorado for the 
Democrats by SI to 49 per 
cent against the conservative 
Republican Ken Kramer. 

In the House of Repre- 
sentatives, however, the 

Contfrmed on page 8, col I 

Russia offers talks 
on human rights 

From Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent, Vienna 
The Soviet Union yesterday and Britain were among the 35 

startled the West by offering to 
hold an international con- 
ference on human rights in 

Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, 
the Soviet Foreign Minister, 
made the proposal a few hours 
before his first meeting since 
the Reykjavik summit with 
Mr George Shultz, the Ameri- 
can Secretary of State. Both 
men addressed the European 
Conference on Security and 
Co-operation (CSCE) before 
tbeir bilateral meeting at the 
US Embassy in Vienna. 

The Shevardnadze initia- 
tive stole some of Mr Shultz’s 
thunder when be launched a 
forthright but familiar con- 
demnation on the Soviet 
record on human rights. 

The Soviet Foreign Min- 
ister suggested that the CSCE 
assembly should mandate a 
separate Moscow conference 
to cover the whole range of 
human contact information, 
culture and education. 

He said that the Soviet 
Union attached “paramount 
significance” to the Helsinki 
accords covering respect for 
human rights. 

The Soviet Union, the US 

signatories of the 1975 Hel- 
bink; Fical Act which con- 
tained specific commitments 
on human rights. 

Mr Shultz, in his speech, 
accused the Soviet Union of 
“direct violations” of these 

“Within the Soviet Union 
41 members of a citizens 
group established to monitor 

War for minds 


implementation of the Hel- 
sinki Final Act — among them 
Anatoly Marchenko and Ana- 
toly Koryagin <- languish in 

“There are many more such 
Soviet citizens incarcerated 
for trying to exercise tbeir 
basic human rights. One of 
that country's most distin- 
guished citizens. Dr Andrei 
Sakharov, remains incommu- 
nicado, cut off from the world 
in the dosed dty of Gorky.” 

Mr Shultz and Mr Shev- 
ardnadze indicated that their 
two meetings, last night and 
again today, would focus on 
deciding the situation created 
by the Reykjavik summit 

An emotional welcome back from one of her pupils for Miss Manreen McGoUrick, the 
Brent head teacher, suspended for allegedly making a racist remark, on her retnrn to Sud- 
bury Infants School hi London yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harrs). Report, page 2. 

Serious corrosion 
in two reactors 
at Hinkley Point 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The future of ten of 
Britain’s nuclear power sta- 
tions is in doubt after the 
discovery of serious corrosion 
at the two reactors at Hinkley 
Point A in Somerset. 

There are 10 similar 
Magnox stations in continu- 
ous operation in Britain, 
providing about 8 per cent of 
the countiy’s electricity. Pre- 
mature closure of a number 
would put an enormous strain 
on the grid and could even 
lead to power cuts in a hand 

In any event the faults at 
HiokJej will seriously affcc; 
the Central Generating 
Beard's plans to extend the 
life of the older power stations 
to 30 years. 

The fault was found during 
a regular maintenance shut- 
down of one reactor of the 
first-generation Magnox plant 
Engineers had believed until 
now that this particular type 
of corrosion was impossible. 

Government nuclear safety 
inspectors are examining the 
affected refuelling system. The 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board said yesterday that the 
defective parts had been iso- 
lated, and the reactor re- 

The same trouble affects the 
other Magnox reactor at the 
station, and that is being shut 
down. Hinkley Point A came 
into operation 20 years ago. 

The safety inspectors are 
examining Britain’s other 
Magnox atomic power sta- 
tions for signs of ageing that 
could lead to their early 

The trouble centres on 
components called stand- 
pipes, which are channels in 

the concrete roof covering the 
steel nuclear reactor vessel, 
which bolds the nuclear core. 
Nuclear fuel rods are slotted 
through the standpipes, that 
are also lined with steeL 

The steel lining in a number 
of channels has started to 
corrode and buckle inwards, 
making it difficult to load and 
unload fuel dements. 

The faults do not pose a 
serious threat to workers or 
the general public. If the pipes 
did fracture, there would be a 
leak of radioactive gas but it 
would not threaten the safety 
of ibe reactor itself as hap- 
pened at Chernobyl 

Signs of corrosion appeared 
a year ago, and the CEGB 
permanently blocked off some 

A report by nuclear inspec- 
tors says: “There is no logical 
argument fra this problem 
except corrosion. There must 
be impurities in concrete from 

In other words, the outside 
of the steel lining has gone 
rusty where it touches the 
concrete. The bufld-up of rust 
forces the tube to buckle 

The designers were sur- 
prised because they say the 
concrete is highly alkaline and 
should prevent corrosion. 

The board was hoping to 
extend the life of the Magnox 
stations to cover a gap in 
nuclear power station order- 
ing, while waiting fra a de- 
cision on the Sizewell public 
inquiry into proposals to build 
the first American-type PWR 
(pressurized water reactor) in 
Britain, on the Suffolk coast 
Nuclear tombs, page 2 

by BBC 

By Jotrathnn Miller 
Media Correspondent 

Senior officials of the BBC 
yesterday flatly rejected the 
allegations of the Conserva- 
tive Party chairman, Mr Nor- 
man Tebbit, that the 
corporation had been inaccu- 
rate and biased in its coverage 
of the American bombing of 
Libya in April. 

The officials accused Mr 
Tebbit and Conservative Cen- 
tral Office of making false and 
seriously misleading accusa- 
tions against the BBC’s televi- 
sion news service, and 
promised to defrrid its impar- 
tiality and political 

At the same time, the BBC 
made it plain that it wanted to 
end its dispute with the Con- 
servative Parly. It was hoped 
that its comprehensive de- 
fence would dissuade the par- 
ty from further complaints. 

Continued on page 24, ad 6 

Ban on The Times is illegal 

Bans on News International 
publications in public libraries 
run by three Labour-con- 
trolled councils were declared 
unlawful and quashed in the 
High Court yesterday after 
being branded politically in- 
spired and irresponsible. 

Local authorities through- 
out the country were consid- 
ering lifting similar bans in the 
wake of the High Court de- 
cision announced at 11am 
yesterday. But in the three 
London boroughs, some li- 
braries were still barring News 
International publications 
pending a meeting of socialist 
council leaders tomorrow. 

Lord Justice Watkins sitting 
with Mr Justice Kennedy, said 
the councils deliberately set 
out to punish News lnter- 

By Mark Ellis 

national with the weapon of a 
library ban over a dispute 
between Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
the publisher, and 5,500 

The councils of Camden, 
Ealing and Hammersmith and 
Fulham were “absurd” to 
maintain that the ban on 
News International, the pub- 
lisher of The Times, The 
Sunday Times, The Sun, the 
News of the World, The Times 
Literary Supplement, The 
Time Educational Supple- 
ment and The Times Higher 
Educational Supplement, was 
within the spirit and letter of 
the law. 

On the contrary, they had 
ignored advice that they were 
acting illegally. 

In England about 18 local 

authorities are still banning 
News International titles, 
excluding the three brought 
before the court They are: 
Birmingham, Barnsley, Brent. 
Greenwich, Hackney, Harin- 
gey. Islington, Kirklees, 
Knowsley, Lambeth, Lewi- 
sham. Manchester, Newham, 
St Helen's. Salford, Sheffield, 
Southwark and Wal tham 

In Scotland at least five 
local authorities are still ban- 
ning the titles from their 
libraries. They are: Dundee, 
Dunfermline, Falkirk, Glas- 
gow and Stirling. 

In Wales, Cynon Valley 
Borough Council is the only 
local authority to maintain the 
ban. Law Report page 34 
Leadiug artide, page 21 

‘Safer airports’ report 
rejected by minister 

By Martin Fletcher, 

The Government yesterday 
rejected the findings of a sded 
committee which described 
security at British airports as 
piecemeal and inadequate. 

The Transport Committe 
report, released yesterday, 
called for the creation of an 
airport security inspectorate 
to draw up measures for each 
airport, to conduct spot 
checks, and if necessary to 
dose down airports. Im- 
proved safety measures would 
be financed by an air ticket 

Mr Michael Spicer, the 
Minister for Aviation, yes- 
terday rejected the 
committee’s findings. He said 
his department already em- 

Political Reporter 

ployed aviation security 
advisers who inspected air- 
ports, and was increasing their 

He accused the committee 
of of giving “insufficient 
credit to the feet that our 
airports and our airlines have 
one of the best trade records in 
the world for security.” 

The report cites numerous 
examples of gaping security 
loopholes. It criticises the 
widespread use of sub-con- 
tracted private security firms 

Airport perimeter fences 
were sometimes non-existent 
and frequently “would pose 
no obstacle to adventurous 
vandals, let alone determined 

Archer to 
sue two 

Mr Jeffrey Archer, the for- 
mer Conservative party dep- 
uty chairman, who resigned 
after admitting his misjudg- 
ment in seeking to pay a 
prostitute to go abroad to 
avoid a scandal, is to sue the 
News of the World and The 
Star over allegations linking 
him with the girL 
Some senior Conservative 
politicians are encouraging the 
action as a necessary first step 
in a bid to restore the 
novelist's political career. 

Mr Archer admits using an 
intermediary to pay off 
Monica Coghlan but claims he 
never met her. 

City to work Saturday again 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

The Stock Exchange yes- 
terday signalled its concern 
over the backlog of mis- 
matched bargains on stock 
market dealing. It sent a letter 
to market-makers and brokers 
asking them to work this 
Saturoay to help clear the 
backlog before settlement day 
for equity trading on Novem- 
ber 17. 

This week the Exchange set 
up a 14-man task force to help 
market participants with then’ 

Some market-makers want 
to suspend ail stock market 
dealing for one day to allow 
time to clear the backlog. If 
any action is taken it is likely 

to be an early close to trading 
today or tomorrow. 

Kleinwort Grieveson stop- 
ped trading gilt-edged stock on 
the Exchange floor on Mon- 
day because the number of 
trades was causing an un- 
manageable backlog in mis- 
matched bargains. 

Mr Peter Clarke, head of the 
fixed interest division, 
saidCBy withdrawing from 
the floor, we have reduced the 
number of bargains by about 
60 per cent.” 

Most market-makers say 
the equity market has been 
more seriously affected than 
the gilt-edged market 

There are roughly 59,000 

unmatched transactions out- 
standing - equivalent to a 
day’s market turnover. 

Most of the trouble is with 
market participants’ unfemit 
iarity with the settlement sys- 
tem and the volume of trades, 
rather than with the Stock 
Exchange’s computer system. 

Gearing die smaller bar- 
gains is causing more trouble 
than settling with huge institu- 
tional clients. Dealers find it 
easier to check unmatched 
bargains verbally with institu- 
tional clients. 

Firms are attempting to 
settle the larger trades first 
because a mistake on these 
would prove more costly. 

The M4 rapist 
admits killing 
of prostitute 

A man described as a 
psychopath yesterday pleaded 
guilty at the Central Criminal 
Court to the manslaughter of a 
London prostitute and a series 
of attacks which earned him 
the title of the “M4 rapist”. 

Sir James Mishin, the Re- 
corder of Loudon, was told 
that three psychiatrists ' had 
agreed that John Steed, aged 
23, from south London, suf- 
fered from a mental 

After being told that Steed 
-would have to go to prison 
the judge said he would pass 
sentence on Monday. , 

Poll boost for 
Tories in fight 
to retain power 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

The Conservative Party 
terday emerged from the _ 
gest polling exercise conduc- 
ted since the last general 
election with a 3.5 per cent 
lead over Labour, making 
them dear favourites to win 
the next election. 

A Marplan poll, conducted 
for the Press Association, 
covering 750 representative 
electors in each of 12 regions, 
put support for the Conser- 
vatives at 41 per cent. Labour 
37.5 per cent, SDP/Liberal 
Alliance 19 per cent, and 
others 2-5 per cent. 

The result of the poll of 
9,000 electors will be a Mow to 
the Labour Party and an 
encouraging fillip to Tory 
morale on the eve Of the 
autumn statement by Mr 
Nigel Lawson, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, and what is 
peeled to be the last Queen's 
Speech in the cunent Parlia- 

The poll is dear confirma- 
tion of the Conservative 
recovery since Parliament be- 
gan its summer recess in 
August. Labour had consis- 
tently led the polls by as much 
as 6 per cent all year. 

In the five major pons 
conducted since this year's 
round of party conferences, 
the Conservatives have been 
two points behind Labour in 
one, one point behind in 
another, level in a third, and 
leading by 3 J per cent and 4 
per cent in the latest two. 

The latest polls still repre- 
sent a swing to Labour since 
the last election, when the 
Conservatives polled 42.4 per 
cent. Labour 27.6 per cent, the 
Alliance 25.4 per cent and 
others 4.6 per cent However 
Mr Neil Kinnock’s party has 
nothing like the position it 

would need now to have a 
realistic hope of winning an 
overall majority. 

To be assured of an overall 
majority. Labour needs a vote 
of more than 40 per cent, 
although that could drop to 37 
or 38 per cent if the Alliance 
vote is at 29 percent or more. 
However, if the Conservatives 
take more than 40 per cent of 
the vote. Labour will need 
more than 44 per cent to win. 

Conservative strategists 
were delighted by the figures. 
They bad been looking to 
move back into the lead early 
next year to be on target for a 
third election victory. 

Conservative MPs were sav- 
ing last night that the earlier 
belief in some quarters that 
there had been an irreversible 
shift against the Government, 
on the basis of its spending 
record on public services and 
growing public distaste for the 
Prime Minister's style, bad 
been confounded. 

The poll showed wide re- 
gional variations in party 
support The Conservatives 
scored 49 per cent in the 
South-east and 48 per cent in 
East Anglia and the South- 
west, but only 28 per ces! in 
the North and 31 per ctntYn. 
Yorkshire and Humberside. 

Labour had 54 per cent of 
support in the North. 50 per 
cent in Yorkshire and Hum- 
berside and 45 per cent in the 
North-west but sank to 23 per 
cent in the South-east and 27 
per cent in the South-west 
The test figures for the Alli- 
ance were 27 per cent in the 
South-east 24 per cent in the 
South-west and 21 per cent in 
East Anglia. 

In Scotland, the poll put 
Labour support at 49 per cent 

Continued on page 2, col 5 

Lawson to reveal 
higher spending 

By Rodney Lord and Philip Webster 

In his autumn statement 
today the Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel lawson, is expected to 
announce' that public Spend- 
ing programmes next year will 
be higher than originally 
planned. Final decisions on 
bow to accommodate this 
overran will be made at this 
morning’s Cabinet meeting. 

The Cabinet faces a 
combination of options 
including cutting the reserve, 
raising the overall total, 
increasing the level of 
privatization proceeds and 
changing some of the assump- 
tions underlying individual 
spending programmes. 

There will be no forecast in 
the statement about the scope 
for tax cuts in the Budget But 
Mr Lawson is expected to 
dampen expectations. 

At the Conservative Party 
conference last month the 

Chancellor promised that the 
Government would not go on 
a spending spree. 

Any significant overshoot 
on the public spending plan- 
ning total win be bound to 
heighten speculation that the 

Union anger 


Government is clearing the 
decks for an early general 

One member of the “Star 
Chamber" reviewing depart- 
mental spending plans said 
that the pressures caused by 
the £3_2 billion increase in 
local authority spending, last 
week’s offer to the teachers, 
which will cost a further £500 
million, and the £1 billion 
overrun on the social security 
budget had made it the tough- 
est annual exercise be had 

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Boy George will 
fight £30m case 

Boy George, the pop star, will “strenuously 7 ' fight the 
£30 mHUoa lawsuit filed against him over the death of a 
friend. Michael Rudetsfcy (Our Legal Affairs Correspon- 
dent writes). 

His solicitors said yesterday that he strongly denied the 
“iB-founded" allegations. The damages claim, filed by 
Rndetsky's parents, and to be heard in New York, alleges 
that the pop star “actively participated” in die death. 

Rodetsky, a musician, was found dead at Boy George's 
borne in Hampstead, north London, in August, after 
injecting heroin. 

Life for baby killer 

A teenager was sentenced to youth custody for life 
yesterday for what a judge described as an horrendous at- 
tack on a baby. 

Fining Flynn was batted three times after being picked 
np by the ears, and her head was then smashed against a 
bedroom wall. _ . . „ 

Michael George, aged 19, of Berkeley Crescent, 
Padjham, nwr Burnley, who was living with Emma s 
mother, denied murder, but was convicted at Preston 
Crown Court _ 

Judge Sanderson Temple, QC told George: “In a violent 
rage when obscenely intoxicated yon made an hncremioiis 
attack on a toddler, 39-months-old.” 

Jail after 

Fine year 
for claret 

Anthony Kelly was jailed 
for 14 years yesterday for 
his pain in kidnapping 
merchant banker's wife 
Jennifer Guinness. 

Mr Justice Frank Roe 
said at Dublin's Circuit 
Criminal Court thatKelly, 
aged 43. of Tallagfat, Dub- 
lin, had played a major 
role. Yorkshire police want 
to question Kelly about the 
murder of a Bradford 

The 1986 Bordeaux vin- 
tage should provide top 
quality wines at 1985 
prices, a leading chateau 
owner said yesterday. 

M Jean-Eugene Bone 
said the quality of the crop 
was high, and its substan- 
tial size should peg prices. 

“We have to wait till 
March to know whether 
this is a great vintage or 
only a very good one, 7 * he 

‘Rpgus £4,000 claim’ 

tar w y 

Mfllichian was paid nearly £4,000 in compensation by die 
FA. nl Iujuries Board after cutting and beating herself to 
chaird she had beat mugged, the Inna 1 London Crown 
com was told yesterday. 

whce lies of Brenda Francis caused one innocent man to 
basd three months in prison awaiting trial for two of the 
dispnary muggings, it was alleged. 

liss Frauds, aged 34, of Grosvenor Terrace, Camber- 
“T, south London, denies six charges of deception. The 
ite continues today. 

^oll wm 
for Whip 


Mr Norman 
(right), MP 
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth, 
yesterday beat off a chal- 
lenge for the post of 
Opposition Chief Whip. 

He retained the position 
by defeating Mr Dm 
Dixon, MP for Jarrow, by 
110 votes to 70 

Milk price to rise 

The doorstep price of milk is expected to rise by lp a pint 
to 25p in the new year, after an agreement between toe 
Milk Marketing Board ami the Dairy Trade Federation to 
raise the price of raw milk to be processed for liquid 
consumption by 04»6p a litre. 

By Peter Davenport 

Defence Correspondent 

A system of monitoring the 
ethnic origins of applicants 
and recruits to the Aimed 
Forces is to be introduced next 
year, Mr Roger Freeman, 
Under Secretary of State for 
the Armed Forces, announced 

The idea is to establish the 
rate of recruitment to the 
Army, Navy and Air Force 
from the ethnic minority 
communities and, where nec- 
essary, to instigate action to 
improve the figures. 

However! there will still be 
no ethnic monitoring of those 
already in the services or of 
new recruits once they have 
joined. Mr Freeman insisted 
last night that the Govern- 
ment thought it would be 
unnecessary and divisive to 
do so. 

He said that racial prejudice 
was not tolerated within the 
services and that promotion 
was based on merit and ability 
and not influenced by the 
colour of a soldier, sailor or 

The Ministry of Defence is 
also re-issuing a Defence 

Council instruction to all offi- 
cers, reminding them that 
racial dscriminatkm would 
not be condoned. All staff ax 
recruiting offices are to be 
simflariy informed. 

Mr Freeman said the reason 
for the introduction of the 
monitoring scheme was to 
enable the forces to ensure 
their ability to recruit enough 
men and women. 

At present recruiting figures 
are healthy. Ire said, but in five 
years tune the number of 15 to 
1 7-year-olds would be down 
by 25 per cent and unless toe 
forces were attracting mem- 



bers of all ethnic : 
could be pro! 
to strength- 

Mr Freeman said the 
scheme would differ from that 
introduced last year by toe 
Civfl Service in that the 
Armed Forces would monitor 
only at the point of .applica- 
tion and recruitment . 

able branches of toe Army. 

Yesterday Mr Fireman said 
that it was impossible to say 
what percents®: of the ser- 
vices was made up from toe 
ethnic community. The fig- 
ures, he said, were simply not 
kept. . 

He said that if toe figures. 

Earlier in the year there was 
concern expressed about the 
small number of blacks in the 
Guards regiments. There were 
suggestions that black or 
Asian groups may be en- 
couraged to join less fashion- 

winch are to be studied a year 

or the 

alia toe introdnetion 
scheme on April 1 next year, 
showed imbhmees b e t w e en 
various ethnic groups there 
would be no intention of 
setting quotas or of positive 
discrimination, which is 

deal fear 
by heads 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

The National Association of 
Head Teachers will give a 
warning today to the Secretary 
of State for Education of toe 
massive staffroom discontent 
which could follow a decision 
to impose a pay and con- 
ditions package on the pro- 

Mr David Hart, toe union’s 
general secretary, who is meet- 
ing Mr Kenneth Baker, will 
warn him also of toe dangers 
of riding roughshod over 
democratically-elected local 

At the meeting he will seek 
clarification on two points in 
the Baker package relating to 
the obligation to ensure order 
and discipline during midday 
supervision and additional 
budgetary responsibilities. 

Half-day walk-outs by more 
than 15.000 members of the 
National Association of 
Sdioolmasters/Union of Wo- 
men Teachers yesterday af- 
fected nearly 250,000 pupils. 
The main areas involved were 
Merseyside, central and North 
Wales, Essex and most parts 
of Sussex. 

• Miss Maureen McGoIdrick, 
the Brent bead teacher ac- 
cused of racism, returned in 
triumph to her school in 
north-west London yesterday, 
nearly four months after being 
suspended by toe Labour- 
controlled council (David 
Cross writes). 

Hugged by teachers, parents 
and children massed in the 
und of Sudbury In- 
is School to welcome her. 
Miss McGoIdrick said that she 
was “absolutely delighted” to 
be back. 

• Mr Jonathan Savery, the 
teacher who was acquitted of 
racism by a disciplinary panel 
in Bristol, is to return to his 
school for two weeks, before 
being moved to another post, 
Avon County Council decided 

Sayage in 

Mrs Wendy Savage, toe 
reinstated consultant obste- 
trician, will be working for a 
new professor when she treats 
ha first patients on Monday. 

This is an attempt to avoid 
further conflict with her 
present head of department. 
Professor Gedis Grudzinskas. 

The London Hospital's 
medical school has arranged 
for ha to be transferred from 
the department of obstetrics 
and gynaecology to the depart- 
ment of general practice, 
under Professor Mel SalkincL. . 1 

But Mrs Savage, who was 
cleared of professional incom- 
petence, will still be retained 
by Tower Hamlets Health 
Authority as an honorary 

Poll gives Tories 
early poll boost 

Continued from page 1 
Conservatives 22 pa cent, 
Scottish National Party 15 pa 
cent and Alliance 13 pa cent 
In Northern Ireland, toe fig- 
ures were Official Unionists 
45 per cent. Democratic 
Unionists 23 pa cent. Social 
Democratic and Labour Party 
27 pa cent, Sinn Fein 3 pa 

In Wales, the figures were 
Labour 47 pa cent. Conser- 
vatives 32 pa cent. Alliance 
15 pacent and Plaid Cymru 4 

Some of toe Conservative 1 
recovery has clearly been at 

the expense of toe SDP/ 
Liberal Alliance, currently 
standing at 7 pa cent less than 
their support at the 1983 

The poll’s more detailed 
findings showed that 49 pa 
cent of toe electorate favour 
the present electoral system, 
compared with 43 pa cent 
who want a change 

Only 45 pa cent said they 
would prefer a coalition gov- 
ernment of more than one 
party, while 50 per cent said 
they- would prefer a govern- 
ment formed by only one 


<♦ : 'll - *" !■*- ’"'(fell >'■■■' 

t'sv'r -yt\ 

V: : y • :.; 4 

■ JJ,. .-.'rs 

The correct answer becomes ordered would seem to indicate 

dear when you knowwho McCoy that his customers were bathing 

was. Captain William McCoy in it Predictably, Nassau was not 

resided m Nassau during the the whisky s last stop. 
Prohibition years. 

Aside from whatever the 

• And he was not entirely 
unknown to the local importer 
of whisky sent from Scotland 
by Berry Brothers 6 Rudd, the 
owners of Cutty Sark. 

What happened to the whisky 

after McCov 

on to be the favourite Scotch 

whisky across the water. 

Of course, the ship is also 
the genuine artide. launched on 
the Clyde in 1S69 and designed 
to take on the fastest of the 

hospitality, the rest was shipped 
in dandestine fashion to his 

American customers. 

purchased it from our agent was 
no business of anyone at Head 
0£Gce.Even though the amounts 

To them, his product 
was known as“ the real 
McCoy”- guaran- 
teed quality whisky, 
and pleasing to the palate. 

Then again, a Robert Burns 
scholar would point to the “short 
shirt - being the original meaning 
of the words Cutty Sark, 
as expounded by the Scots 
bard in his epic “Tam 

When Prohibition was 

lifted. Cutty Sark went 


you re 

thirsting after the real 
McCoy, there’s only 
one Cutty Sark. ' 




If there were to be a general election tomorrow, which 
parly would you vote for? 



Cons(%) Lab(%) Afl(%) Oth(%) 

West Midlands 

East Midlands 
East AngGa 
Greater London 
























* 27 

' 43 



Report on 





By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

select committee kt- 
_ the Channel Tun- 
yesterday unvoted its 
to a chorus of-aitir 
two of its own MPs 
as pressure groups. 

The effect of the findings is 
to leave government and 
Eurotunnel plans for tire £4.7 
billion tunnel project prac- 
tically unscathed; in spue of 
33 days of olgeaians from 
nearly 5,000 petitioners from 
London, Kent, the feny com- 
panies and port authorities. 

The only potential blow to 
Eurotunnel is the committee's 
intention to write into the Bill 
clauses specifically excluding 
public subsidies. This could 
yet prove a stumbling Mode, 
given toe difficulties experi- 
enced last week in raising an 
initial £206 million. 

Mr Nick Rayasford, Labour 
MP for Fulham, expressed his 
“fundamental, disagreemou*' 
with several of the commi- 
ttee's key decisions, particu- 
larly its refusal to make any 
rating on tunnel safety. 

MrRaynsfbrdalso hinted at 
government interference 
when be said that the commit- 
tee “has been subject to very 
considerable time pressures”. 
Mr Terry Lewis, Labour MP 
for Worsky, echoed Mr 
RaynsfonTs criticisms: 

The committee's key con- 
clusions; which will be incor- 
porated in a formal report 
shortly, include allowing the 
Government to go ahead with 
upgrading of toe A20 between 
Folkestone and Dover. 

The committee has ruled 
out an alternative access road 
from the M20 to the big 
terminal at Cteritoh, near 

It also endorsed toe. pro- 
posed use of Waterloo station 
as the London tenriinal for the 
tunneL The final report is 
expected to include specific 
amendments ensuring lair 
competition with, the ferry 

Judge sees 

role for 
juries in 

Fences Gibb 

COi respondent. 

A High Coot judge yes- 
terday caSed for jurors to lave 
some say in the sentencing 
policy of toe courts rather then 
leave it to toe judges. 

Lord McGuskey. a Scottish 
High Court judge, said in the 
fosi of his six 19% Reito. 
lectures or Radio 4. that 
sentencing by judges was 
“profoundly unscientific” and 
“owes more to chance than it 
property siKtokf. 

Lord McQuskey. aged 57, 
toe first judge to be chosen as 
the. Reito lecturer, said: “We 
ignore at our peril public 
conera abort disparity in 
sentencing between different 
courts and different judges.” 
The public are row that' 
sentencing is for forjudges, be 
added. Thai would be accept- 
able if judges uniquely knew 
wbat mystic principles guided 
their actions. “But they 

The judge, who was Solic- 
itor General in the last Labour 
government, questioned the 
way that judges* decisions are 
labelled “sentencing policy”. 
“The only real policy is to let 
tire judges get on with it,” be 

But it was the public, he 
said, who had to pay for 
prisons, who were the victims 
of crime, who had to live in 
the commiTiunity with . off- - 
Codas’ familie s and maintain 

In cases which have gone to 
trial. Laid McChiskey said, 
was there “not an argument 
for seeking assistance from the 
voy jury that has beard toe 
whole evidence, and deter- 
mined toe fact of guilt?* 

If toe judge had power to 
put before the jury the upper 
and Iowa limits of the range 
of sentences that he must 
consider, that would enable a 
lay participation in sentencing' 
which would help produce 

tance of the result”. 

He pot forward the proposal 
that the public prosecutor 
might suggest a range of 
options with reasons and per- 
haps supporting evidence, 
“creating the beginnings of a 
true sentencing policy” which 
could be scrutinized and dis- 
cussed in PorfiamenL 
The lecture was the first of 
six on toe theme of “Law, 
Justice and Democracy” in 
which he makes foil use of the 
rare chance for a practising 
judge to speak out in public. 

Lord McCIuskey, the first 
Scotsman to give the lectures 
as wdl as toe first juc 
speculates that one reason 
was chosen was that “being a 
Scot, .and having been a 
politician in the Lords, I have 
a perspective that is different 
from most judges”. 

“not only a more just result, 
but a readier public accep- 

Scorn for 
pay curb 

By Howard Foster 

The suggestion by Mr 
Nicholas Ridley; Secretary of 
State for the Environment, 
that county councils facing 
cuts in rate support grant 
could save money by refusing 
new pay award to their 
manual workers was under 
heavy fire last night. 

Shire councillors, MPs and 
toe national wage negotiating 
body for local authorities all 
pronounced his plan impos- 
sible to implement for reasons 
ranging from political objec- 
tions to the fact that to renege 
on an agreed 6.7 pa cent rise 
would involve councils break- 
ing the contracts of 90 pa- 
cent of their manual staff 
Mr Ridley is faring a revolt 
Conservative backbench 


MPS whose, constituents face 
sizeable rate increases because 
the Government has reduced 
some county council grants. 

He has aigued that councils 
could cut the numbers of 
manual workers or refuse to 
go along with toe national 
agreement and pay wbat they 
could afford. 

Southern shire counties are 
the hardest hit by the pro- 
visional figures for next year’s 
rate support grant Although 
the overall figure is increased 
by £1 billion, new bases for 
distribution mean that same 
counties will receive up to £20 
million less than this year. 

Rebuff for 
Irish on 

By Richard Ford 

The Government has for- 
mally rejected demands from 
the Irish Republic for an 
increase in the number of 
judges sitting in Northern 
Ireland’s Diplock courts. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher re- 
jected the proposal for three 
ratter than one judge to sit in 
the non-jury courts and con- 
veyed her decision in a letter 
recently sent to Dr Garret 
FitzGerald, the . Republic's 
Prime Minister. 

Reform of the Diplock 
courts . has been a key 
preoccupation of the Irish 
government since the signing 
of the Anglo-Irish agreement 
as they believed it was one 
way of improving confidence 
in the administration of jus- 
tice in toe north. 

The British decision is-, 
likely to delay the introduc- 
tion of legislation in the Dail 
formally ratifying the Irish 
government’s signing of the 
European Convention on the 
suppression of terrorism. 

Tight security surrounded 
the Duke of Kent yesterday as 
he toured high technology 
factories _ and manufacturing 
industry in Northern Ireland. 

The two-day tour by the 
Duke is his fourth visit to the 
province. He bagan it. by 
opening a high technology 
park in Antrim, which could 
eventually provide 1,500 jobs. 

N-plant disposal 

Spectre of massive concrete ‘tombs’ 

The late of Britain's first 
generation nuclear power sta- 
tions is to stand for a century 
as monolithic, unclear tomb- 
stones along the coastline. 

White conventional coal and 
o3 power stations can be 
demolished, nuclear- reactors 
have to be decommissioned 
when they come to the end of 
their waking life. It is a 
process of untried and even 
undiscovered technology and 
unknown risks. 

The entombment process is 
toe alternative to toe £2.7 bil- 
lion cost of dismantling each 
station, according to the Cen- 
tral Electricity Generating 
Board (CEGB). 

First, the buildings 

tom of nuclear power and. Mr 
Paddy Ashdown, Liberal MP 
for Yeovil, has emerged in the 
Commons as a nuclear watch- 
dog. He sees decoranrissfoning 
as a step into the unknown. 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 
surrounding the reactor, many 
of them intermedi- 

ate radioactive waste, are re- 
moved while the reactor and 
its bioshidd is winwfil in 
concrete, leaving a 160-ft high 
structure to “cool down” fe 
100 years. 

In Britain the 18 original 
Magnox reactors, some of 
Item approaching 30 yean 
old, win be tins first to be 

There remains the huge 
problem of damping thou- 
sands of tons of low-level and 
intermediate radioactive ma- 
terial from the fabric 
surrounding the actual reactor. 

Ite Severn estuary ha« 

Britain's high est concentre- 

Experience rests hugely on 
one small demonstration re- 
actor at Klip Rhrer in toe 
United States which has teen 
decommissioned. It took two 
years, with toe str ucte re bring 
flooded by divers using laser 
tools. The exerdse cost more' 
titan toe . cost of balding the 

small AGR reactor, at 
Windscale. Scientists have 
given themselves IS years to 
strip it down, developing ro- 
bots to get inside. 

Concern abort, toe British 
idea of entombing toe stroo- 
tnre and leaving it for a 
century is reflected in con- 
ditions at Dnageness, Kent, 
where the ennent constantly 
digs away the shingle beach in 
front of toe reactors and 
it farther along the 

In Britain the Atomic En- 
ergy Authority and the CEGB 
are exp erim e ntin g with . ds- 
manrting techniques on the 

The CEGB regnlariy re- 
stores the beach, and would 
have to do so for 100 years 
under present decomnrissHM*' 
ing plaits. . ■ v 









u \ ■ 
r to i < * 



. . . (.iietaUn 



John Steed, known as the 

Juries playing 

JS^acqndine Mwiay. blggCr lOfelfl .Atotiterepeof the M4 

murder cases 

jmqneline Murray. 

Ai the Central Criminal 
Court in London, Steed, a yd 
23, pleaded not guilty to 
murder, but guilty to man* 
slaughter on the grounds of 
diminished, responsibility. 
The court was told he was a 

His plea was accepted by Sir 
James Miskm, theReconier of 
London, who said he would 
sentence Steed on Monday. 

Steed, fair haired with a 
slight - beard, also pleaded 
guilty to raping three women, 
one charge of abducting a 
woman with intent to have 
sexual intercourse with her 
and a 'number of charges of 
stealing cars. No details of any 
of the offences were given in 
court during the 10-minute 

Since the trial of the York- 
shire Ripper, Peter Sutcliffe, 
were has been a growing 
tendency m English covts io 
leave it to jesses to dtdde . 
stefter a defendant is gutty 
M murder or «m 

'Of <fiiuifii«m 


jBut Mr Allan Green, for the 
prosecution, said that three 
psychiatrists of great experi- 
ence had all agreed that Steed, 
of Croydon Road, Pence, 
south London, was suffering 
from a psychopathic disorder 
“which substantially impaired 
his mental responsibility for 
the killing”. They had also 
agreed there should be no 
question of a hospital order, it 
had to be imprisonment 

Mr Green said the doctors’ 
evidence should be accepted. 
“Where medical evidence is 
aO one way and the quality of 
that evidence cannot be im- 
pugned and there is nothing in 
the case which can justify a 
contrary view, as in the 
Sutdiffe case, the evidence 
should be accepted” 

After the case, police and 
people who knew Steed de- 
scribed how he grew from a 
young boy who would not 
accept a cuddle from his 
mother into a body-building 
fanatic who lived in a fantasy 

He idolized the fQm star. 

hi dm most dearly 
cases, judges have 
been reluctant to accept pleas 
of diminis he d responsibility 
for killings without a fhD trial. 

la Sutdiffe’s case, Mr Jbs- 
ticeBorehara refused to accept 
lus mansiragbter pleas. As a 
result, the “Ripper" was con- 
victed by ajny of the murders 
of Jus 13 victims and was 
sentenced to a m inimum of 30 

Two yfeurs later, again at the 
Central Criminal Cosstv Den- 
ms NHseu’s pka that he was 
“o«t of Ms. mind” wfcea he 
MM six men was rejected by 
a jury. He was jailed for 25 

In Jtdy this year, Mirella 
Beechooh received two life 
sentences far a doable. chOd 
killing. The jury rejected her 
idea dT diminished respon- 
sibility after Mndig to 
lengthy psychiatric evidence. 

“Dirty Harry” characters 
portrays on the screen. He is 
said to have planned the 
kidnapping and rape of a 
woman aged 40 after watching 

headed the Wiltshire police 
team in the joint operation 
which brought him to justice, 
said: “He did not drink or 
smoke and was only interested 
in weightlifting to perfect his 

His giri friend, Sharon 
Bo viH, disappeared for several 
days after the murder of 
Jacqueline Murray because 
she knew Steed had done it 
and was frightened of trim. 

During his attacks he always 
took a personal item from ms 
victims with their names and 
addresses. This was coupled 
with threats to return and Itifi 

Victim gave vital clues 

The cod courage ana con- 
trol of John Steed’s fart 
victim, adbactol fipom her car 
on the M4, earned fife adudra- 
tion of tiie manhunt detectives. 
The aocfal worker aged 40 
succeeded mtoDdngbimenfcflf 
to father go. 

wash and put fate practice all 
her theory in a real-fife 
sana t ion. - 

Hi.: I 


Hot w baMfa g nhffityta 
recall even the most minute 
details gave pofioe rital does. 


A senior officer said: “She 
was used to deaBag with 
inadequate petite in her socoi 

Her detailed recoOecthm itf 
toe area where the attack took 
was toe first vital due. 
described i colourful sign 
.toe Joiner’s Anns 
pnbfic home in Ssath Nor- 

- There are five Jjrfneft 
Arms in the London area, hot 
after her detailed desorption 
the rape scow was nphfiy 
i dMrtififd as an auto passage 
in South Norwood. 

] }|pk£ 

Adoption agencies put 
special cases on video 

director of 
BAAF, said. “It also gives the 
parents a chance to get a 
realistic idea of what 
a child with special needs 

Edward, who has been with 
several foster families since he 
was two years old, cannot 
wash or dress himself and 
needs a wheelchair to get 
around, although he does have 
toe ability to walk a fe\y steps 
if aided. The video recording 
shows him swimming and 
playing, emphasizing ' s sense 
of humour and loving person- 

By AsgeDa Johnson 

Edward was born with cere- Mr Tony Hafl, 
bral palsy and is unable to 
walk. He attends a special 
school for spastic children and 
has difficulties with reading 
and writing. 

He wants to be adopted by a 
family with at least one other 
child and parents who will not 
bully him. 

Edward, aged 12, is one of 
thousands of youngsters in 
Britain with special needs 
awaiting adoption. Children 
who are hard to place into 
families and remain in icare far 
years - disabled, 
oldcar children, those 
ethnic minority groups ami 
brothers and sisters who wish 
to remain together. 

To help and them homes, 

tion and Fbster^ (B AAF) 
yesterday launched the first 
video adoption prog ramm er 

This scheme will ran 
concurrent with BAAPs fre 
My Parent catalogue which 
already carries phot^apfai 
amt information on I/O chil- 
dren in local authority are 
awaiting adoption. BAAF 
represents all the adoption 
and fostering agencies in 
Britain. . 

Each of the 1 5-mmnte video 
recordings will allow prospeo- palsy. • • .. 

tive narents to see a child at “1 have four diikfrttn of my 

area where BAAF is 
hoping to make great head 
way is in plating Mack and 
mixed race chiklren.They are 
normally healthy, but because 
of toe shortage of black par- 
ents coming forward for adop- 
tion arc hard to place. 

For parents who adopt these 
children there is often help 
from toe social services. 

Mrs Sarah Thumham and 
her bosband, Peter, Conser- 
vative MP for Bolton North- 
East in Lancashire, adopted 
Stephen, aged II, from the Be 
My Parent book. Stephen is 
Wind, mentally h a nd icapped 
suffers from cerebral 




live parents to see __ 
work ami play witom hKtrauri 
environment in toe comfort of 
their own home. ■. 

“That avoids toe possibility 
of disap po intment for cml- 
drenwhen they are 

own, but now they are grown 
up | get enormous pleasure 
providing a loving home for a 
child who would otherwise 
not stand a chance,” Mrs 
Thumham said. ' 

victim and munler of 
Jacqueline Murray, police re- 
alized they were dealing with a 
psychopathic Jtifler. 

When he was arrested, the 
sawn-off pump-action toot- 
gun be bad stolen from his 
mother’s tana was found is 
toe boot of a car he had taken 
and a rcvblyer was discovered 
in toe glove compartment of 
another be had -stolen. 

He was an experienced car 
thief and was described by one 
pofkx officer as “a master” at 
wiaHng .fabe mrnifrffr pfateS. 
He readily accepted orders 
from people wanting cars 
stolen and m the week he was 
arrested' fart November be 
stole eight vehicles. 

• He had developed his thigh 
muscles to arch an extent that 
it affected his gait and his rape 
victims , all noted his unusual 
walk — a piece of information 
which partly ledtohis capture. 
It is understood he also dab- 
bled in anabolic steroids to 
help boost his muscles. Steed 
is also said to be deeply 
interested in Zen Buddhism 

an episode of the television 
programme, The A Team. 

Det Itejp^Tom Phesse, who 

which develops mental tran- 
quillity, spontaneity and 
fearlessness through medita- 
tion. He is heavily tattoed on 
arms, legs back and chest with 
animal symbols of Buddhism: 
tns, snakes, eagles, tigers 
a panther. 

He once tdd a Mow body- 
builder. “With this religion 
the only thing I want from life 
is a set of weights and. a cell 
and I would be happy”. 

Steed has a length criminal 
record stretching bade to 1975, 
when he was in council care. 
Offences include many thefts, 
robbery, assault, fnefading an 
attack os a prison officer, 
stealing cars, possessing offen- 
sive weapons and indecent 

From an eariyage Steed 
shunned affection. A family 
friend said: “He was a strange 
bloke, never any good at 
relationships. As a boy be 
wouldn't even accept a cuddle 
from his own mum.” 

Police ‘unable 
to control* 
cocaine victim 

The inquest into the death 
of Griffons Anthony Lemaid 
who died in police autody 
after taking one of toe highest 
recorded ' doses of cocaine 
yesterday heard ‘about his 
cotoraal s tre ngt h . 

Police Constable Brian 
Lovegrove told tile hearing at 
Westminster coroners* court 
in London about toe arrest of 
Mr Lemard at a block of flats. 

When he arrived three offi- 
cers were straggling with Mr 
Lemard and toe impression 
was that they were unable to 
control him. 

PC Lovegrove said:- “He 
was the strongest man I've 
ever come 

Mrs Gareth Pierce, jl solic- 
itor representing the family of 
Mr Lemard, asked him how 
he came to the opinion of Mr 
Lemanfs colossal strength. 

The officer said: *Tve never 
seen a man with so much 
control, over three police offi- 
cers. They were, trying to hold 
his arms but there seemed to 
be no control over him.” 

PC Lovegrove eventually 
applied handcuffs. 

. Mr Lemard, aged 36, an 
engineer, of Haskell House, 
Stoaebridge - Park estate, 
Stonebridge Park, north-west 
London, died at Kensington 
police station on October 8. 

He had been arrested after 
mi incident m Netting Hill, 
west London, after police had 
been told a man armed with a 
knife was going berserk. 

The hearing continues to- 

Tax protester 
to fight on 

The veteran anti-nuclear 
campaigner, Mr Nicholas 
Gilleu, yesterday promised to 
continue with lus tax protest 
even after some of his fur- 
niture was sold to pay the 
Inland Revenue. 

Mr Gfifatoaged 71, a retired 
lecturer, of Westbmy on 
Tiym, Bristol, refused to pay 
£300 in taxes because he 
claims that 13 er cent goes on 
nuclear weapons. 

Mr Two Yeadall, a titafitfo- 


— • 

,r ' 

A £100,000 drug educatirai 
project aimed at Mpingch^ 
dren aged 14 to 18 to cope 
with toe growing drag pnfo- 
lem, was launched by toe 
Health Education Council 

Mr Robert Dunn, Under 
Secretary of State for.Educa^ 
tion and Science, who in- , 
traduced the Drug Wise pac- 
kage, said: “FOr tags 
education to be effective, it educational and not- 
merely propaganda". 

The Drug Mse pa df is 
aimed at monger* teadra 
and parents. It explores both 


legal and illegal 
soda! context . in 
are '- used, and 

Ms Lynda- Han, HEC 
education officer, urged 
schools to use learning materi- 
als m the three-pan pack as 
part (ffawide-raugii® health 

tion, and can encourage it 

“Shock-horror tactics such, 
as .films, video nasties and 
talks from some outsiders 
have been shown to be ineffec- 
tive in influencing people’s, 
drag-taking habits,” it says. 

The student material en- 
courages teenagers to write to 

Station programme, rather toed and national potiticians, 
than treating drugs as a sepa- giving their views. 

me topic. 

• The Teachers’ . Advisory 
Council on Alcohol and Drag 
Education (Tacade) said in a 1 
training that merely' 

Drug Wise (Tacade, Thud floor, 
Furness House. Traflbtd Road 
Salford. MMS 2X1; liflsfcffls 
Associates, Clarendon Cham- 
bers. 5 1 CfareodruRood Leeds, 
LS2 9NZ; ISDD. 1/4 Hatton 

teaching farts' about drags Place, Hatton Gartfea. LondoQ 
doa not prevent experimental EC1N SND; £30). 

victim, lyMng a photo- 
graph of PC John Ingham 
afro- toe two were named 
among 12 Men of toe Year by 
toe Royal Association far 
Disability and Rehabilitation 

Mr YeadaH, aged 24, of 
Norton, West Sussex, became 
a professional photographer in 
spite of having no arms. 

PC Ingham, aged 30, of 
Wert Yorkshire police, was 
involved in toe rescue of 
s up porters from the Bradford 
Gw stadias fife. 

Others to receive fife 
awards, given at toe Savoy 
Hotel, London, 

yesterday, indeded Bob 
Meaklfflitse, John Mortoner, 
QC, Mr Rkhmd Branson end 
Mr Tom Clarke, Labour MP 
Set MonkJanfts' West 

Maxwell in tears over letter 

Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
publisher, broke down in tears 
m toe High Court yesterday 
over a reference to Adolf 
Hchmann, the Nazi war crim- 

The former Labour MP, 
aged 63, who was bom in 
Czechoslovakia, shook with 
P fp ntinp amA hang ed his hands 

on the witness box as be said 
angrily: “My family were de- 
stroyed by Echmann”. 

Efts outburst came as he 
ga ve evidence on the toiitl day 
of his libel action ssainst the 
satirical . magazine, Private 
Eye, and was shown letters 
allegedly sent to the magazine 
by his wife, one of which 

compared the Duke of Edin- 
burgh to Bchmann. 

Mr Maxwell, chairman of 
Mirror Group Newspapers, 
took several minutes to com- 
pose himself then wiped bis 
eyes and turned to the judge 
and said: “Tm sorry”. 

He told the court that in 
1983 toe magazine 
him with one of toe 
twins. He threatened to sue 
and Private Eye and the 
magazine gave an undertaking 
not to publish further offen- 
sive material. 

But then came a series of 
letters in the alleg- 

edly sent by his wife. 

As his counsel, Mr Richard 

Hartley, QC, look him 
through the Eichmann fatter 
be broke down. 

Referring to the two articles 
in July last year which are toe 
subject of the current libel 
action in which it is alleged Mr 
Maxwdl acted as “paymaster” 
to Mr Nefl Kinnock, the 
Labour leader, and attempted 
to bribe him to buy a peerage 
he said it was a “gross 
allegation and lie”. 

The magazine's publishers, 
Pnessdram Ltd, and Mr Rich- 
ard Ingrams, toe former edi- 
tor, deny libel They also 
counter claim libel damages 

over an article in the Daily 
Mirror.Tbe hearing continues. 

Fowler to 
spend £6m 
on mental 

By J3) Sherman 

The Government's plan to 
spend £6 million during the 
next three years on improving 
the care of the mentally ill in 
the community was yesterday 
dismissed as “derisory”. 

Mr Norman Fowler, toe 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services, said yesterday that 
eight schemes had already 
been approved in health 
authority regions throughout 
the country and a further six 
would be approved in toe next 

Regions will receive a maxi- 
mum of £400,000 each to 
spend on schemes designed to 
provide support in the com- 
munity for those suffering 
from serious mental Alness. 

But health and social ser- 


said not enough money was 
sred. They also criti- 

being offered, 
rized the Government for 
supporting individual 
projects, instead of tedding 
the problem nationwide. 

M Tbe funding of small ini- 
tiatives for short periods of 
time does not address the 
fundamental problem of 
community care, which is to 
plan a full range of services for 
all those in need in the 
community,” Mr Tony de 
Sautoy, under secretary of 
social services of the Associ- 
ation of Community Coun- 
cils, said. 

The mental health associ- 
ation, Mind, which last week 
called for a further £1 billion 
for services for the mentally 
ill, raid that there was a 
desperate need for a central 
bridging fund to make the 
transition from hospitals to 
community care possible. 

“Unless this is provided it 
wifi never be possible for 
people leaving hospital to lead 
independent lives in the 
community,” Miss Chris 
Smith, Mind's assistant direc- 
tor, said. 

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•_ ; • > .L^ 1 . f.i 


November 5 1986 


Rover chief 
is asked to 

New law 

report on 
firm’s future 


by Pattie 

The Government bad instructed 
Mr Graham Day, chairman of 
the Rover Group, to do his 
utmost to improve the commer- 
cial p e rform ance of the group 
and ***** asked him to produce a 
report on its whole commercial 
futur e. Mr Paul Channoa, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, said during Commons 

It was still the Government’s 
intention to return the Rover 
Group to the private sector, 
either as a whole or in seperate 
pans, but that would no doubt 
ta k e some considerable time, he 

Mr James Hamilton (Mother- 
well North. Lab) bad opened the 

frrfe m g re by asking what was 
the state of the Gove rnmen t's 
proposals for the privatization 
of British Leyiand. 

Mr Channon replied: The pos- 
ition on Leyiand Bus and 
Unipart was announced to the 
House on July 24. Since then. 
Rover Group have announced 
agreement in principle to dis- 
pose of a majority interest in 
Jaguar Rover Australia. They 
are also taking forward the 
disposal of a majority interest in 

Mr Hamilton: In order to give 
some security and peace of mind 
to BL, its workers, dealers and 
customers, can he give an 
assurance that there will be no 
negotiations entered iww before 
the general election regarding 
the sale of BL or Land-Rover? 
Mr Channim: There arc no 
plans to do so. I explained the 
position on Land-Rover some 
months ago and there is no 
phanp! in that situation. I have 
explained what is going on in a 
number of subsidiaries of the 
Rover group. 

Our policy remains to seek to 
return the businesses, together 
or separately, to private ow- 

I am awaiting a report from 
Mr Day on the whole financial 
structure of the company and I 
have nothing to teU the House 

Mr David Made! (South West 
Bedfordshire, Q wanted re- 
assurance that the Government 
would nett allow a privatized BL 
to encourage any unfair com- 
petition with existing car and 
truck manufacturers in Britain. 
Mr Channon said that he could 

Day's report. Z agree with him 
about the quality of their cars 
and I only wish more people 
inside ana outside House 
would buy them. 

Mr David Neffist (Coventry 
South East, Lab) asked how they 
could take Mr Channon seri- 
ously when the privatization of 
SelfChangmg Gears in Cov- 
entry taken place in June 
without any announcement, on- 1 
til the information had been 
sqeezed out of ministers in a 
written answer, and there had 
been job kisses of 20 per cent 
within 12 weeks of pri- 

Mr Channon: In order to stay in 
business you have to win suf- 
ficient orders. It is unfortunate 
that in the case of Self-Changing 
Gears it was their failure to win 
sufficient orders that resulted in 
job losses. 

Mr Eric Forth (Mid Worcester- 
shire. Q wanted reassurance 
that sufficient weight would be 
given, when considering the 
ma nagem ent buyout proposals 
at ISTEL, to the strength of the 
skills of the existing staff and 
that that would be fully 
weighted against any financial 

Mr Channon: I am awaiting the 
assessment from the Rover 

Questioned about _ representa- 
tions modg to him by the 
automotive industry on his 
proposals fra: the reform of the 
copyright laws, Mr Geoffrey 
Pattie, Minister for Information 
Technology, said the industry 
would be reassured when the 
Government was able to come 
forward with suitable com- 
promise proposals at present 
under discussion. 

Mr Robert Atkins (South 
RibMe, Q said there was consid- 
erable concern and ange r in th e 
automata ve support industry, 
represented by large and small 
companies in his constituency, 
about the unregistered design 
right proposed m the Intellec- 
tual Pr op e r ty White taper. 

The industry believed that it 
would affect competition and 
the quality of the products it 
could provide and that would 
have a deleterious effect upon 
bu sin e s ses the length and 
breadth of the country. 

Mr Pattie said that those points 

were being considered. 

Mr William O'Brien 

W*™ . VteWBB 

to Bill 



Ministers under fire in the Commons yestaday: Mr Alan Clark (left), Mir Pan! Channon and Mr Geoffrey Pattie. 

Trade minister attacks 

Rules on 

(Norman ton. Lab) said that a 
firm manufacturing hydraulics 
m his constituency was running 
scared from management to 
shopfioor workers over its fu- 
ture. Would the minister with- 
draw his proposals for the 
reform of the copyright laws, 
remove the tear hanging over 
the industry and allow it to 

Mr Pattie said the compromise 
proposals would meet most of 
Mr O’Brien's objectives. 

Mr Robin MaxweD-Hydop 
(Tiverton, Cy. The only im- 
portant thing for the retail 
customer is to know what he is 
buying. He should have the 
freedom to buy what he wants. 

The minister must guard 
against manufacturers who will 
not supply spare parts but only 
replacement units at hideous 
cost. That is taking the con- 
sumer for a ride. 

Mr Pattie: I am aware of the 
consumer arguments. We have 
also to recognize that there is a 

Gro up of their majority interest 
in ISTEL and of course I will 

give that reassurance. 

Mr Terence Davis (Bir- 
mingham, Hodge Hill, Lab) 
asked how privatization would 

help to sobre BL's real problem, 
which was one of sales. 

The company should con- 
centrate on selling its vehicles 
instead of constantly calling for 
redundancies among its workers 
who had made significant 
improvements in quality and 
productivity but were rewarded 
with the sack. 

Mr Channon: He is being unfair 
and unreasonable. Of course I 
have asked Mir Day to do his 
utmost to improve the commer- 
cial performance of the Rover 
Group and that is in ev- 
erybody’s interest. 

They are making considerable 
strides in improving produc- 
tion, output and quality and 
they are doing extremely welL I 
have asked Mr Day to look at 
the whole commercial future of 
the group and I am looking 
forward to receiving his pro- 

Mr Anthony Beamnont-Dark 
(Birmingham, SeQy Oak, C): 
Will the money realized from 
this privatization be available to 
the Rover Group for reinvest- 
ment, bearing in mind the 
excellent new car they have got, 
the Sterling? 

Mr Channon: On the question 
of investment in the Rover 
Group, 1 shah have to await Mr 

consider what he says. 

Mr Douglas Hoyte (Warrington 
North, Lab) asked Mr Channon 
to confirm that the instructions 
given to Mr Day were to talk to 
everyone with a view to pri- 
vatizing Austin Rover. 

Mr Chanson: The instructions 
are to nm the c o mpany 
commercially and 10 get it into a 
good commercial state in the 
interests of all concerned. We 
were elected on a manifesto to 
privatize the group and our 
policy remains to return the 
companies to private owner- 
ship. That will no doubt take 
quite a considerable time. 

Mr Nicholas Bodgen (Wolver- 
hampton South West. Q asked 
Mr Channon to make plain to 
private investors that he was 
genuinely open to all sugges- 
tions for sale, investment or 
collaboration in respect of BL. 
Mr Channon: He will realize 
from the list I have read out of 
parts of the Rover Group that 
are being disposed of that there 
is an energetic programme going 
on on that front 
Mr John Smith, chief Opposi- 
tion on trade and 

industry: As the Government 
caused deep concern to every- 
one in the Rover Group when 
its surreptitious proposals to sell 
it off to the Ford Motor Com- 
pany were revealed earlier this 
year, does the Government not 
owe to the people who work in 
the Rover Group a solid 
commitment to see it through to 
commercial success? 

It is more important to main- 
tain and extend its production 
than to seek to privatize it- Will 
he give an undertaking that if 
proposals come from Mr Day to 
reduce substantially the volume 
of production at Rover Group 
he win reject those proposals? 
Mr Chamwa: I am going to wait 
until I see what be says before I 
commit myself to rejecting or 
accepting anything' he brings 
forward. I do not accept what 
Mr Smith says about sur- 
reptitious efforts 10 sell it offer 
about the effect that had. 

What Rover and other car 
companies depend on is com- 
mercial success, quality, price, 
reliability and delivery. Rover 
has an excellent story to tell on 
those points and I very much 
hope it wifi come to commercial 
success and that is the 
Government’s policy. 

‘misleading’ figures 

judges to 
be studied 

In the year ended in September, 
there was a surplus of £403 mil- 
lion on the balance of trade 
current account, Mr Ahm Clark, 
Minister for Trade, said during 
Commons questions. 

The country was broadly in 
balance for the whole of this 
year, although one month in the 
third quarter had been particu- 
larly disappointing, he said. 

were not linked ax all to 
productivity. Unit labour costs 
were making the country less 
competitive in the world I 

Mr Clark: It is on that compet- 
itiveness that our success wifi 

Mr Clark said that consumer 

spending was going up very fest. 

That increase was 'socking in 
imports and giving rise to the 

“Until British goods are 
competitive, the tee in con- 

Mr James Lamond (Oldham 
Central and Roytou, Lab) asked 

sumer spending is likely to have 
this effect” 

He was replying to Mr James 
Wallace (Orkney and Shetland, 
L) who asked if he would accept 
that in the third quarter of the 
year there had been a deficit of 
£1.2 billion. 

Mr Wallace asked what propor- 
tion of (the reduction of) the 
deficit did he see coming from 
increased exports of manufac- 
tured goods and what propor- 
tion from increased exports of 

‘There is a fear that the 
Government is being com- 
placent as the manufacturing 
base in this country is being 

Mr Clark: His figures are 
misleading. Our manufacturing 
productivity has gone up by 
32 per cent since 1980. Export 
in manufactures in the last 

perfectly legitimate case on the 
part of those who devise the 

original spare parts or compo- 
nents. They have rights in this 
matter as wdL 

• The Department ofTradeand 
Industry was providing substan- 

tial support to the British power 
plant industry, Mr Giles Shaw, 
Minister for Industry, said dur- 
ing Commons questions. 

That was taking place through 
support for innovation schemes 
ana through assistance on ex- 
ports, he said. 

why, if there was a surplus on 
the balance of trade, the pound 
appeared to be slipping all the 
time against almost every other 
currency in Europe: 

Mr Clark: The steriing-doQar 
rate has remained the same 
effectively for the last six 

Sir Paal Bryan (Boothferry, Q 
asked if he would speculate on 
the effects on the balance of 
trade if the Labour Party's 
proposal on the control of 
foreign investment were to be 

Mr Clark said that the home- 
.spun remedies of Mr Hattereley 
and his friends would have a 
very serious impact on con- 

fidence m the City. 

Mr John Watts (Slough, Q said 

quarter is at its highest leveL 
Mr Andrew MacKay (East Berk- 
shire, Q said that the trade 
balance would not be improved 
by excessive pay increases that 

that both the level of imports 
and the buoyancy of retail trade 
showed that there was no lack of 
demand in the economy. There 
were very considerable market 
opportunities waiting for British 
companies to exploit 

Mr Robin Cook (Livingston, 
Lab), for the Opposition: Can he ; 
name a single other country that 

Hag Tnawagpri to Combine Oil 

surpluses with deficits in viable 
trade? Was it not his office < 
which provided a budget fore- 
cast of a £3 billion surplus on 
current account by the end of 
this year? Can he give another 
budget forecast of even this 
Government which has gone so 

Mr Clark: That forecast is a 
responsibility of the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. 

Mr Ian WriggfesmKth (Stock- 
ton Sooth, SDP): His com- 
placency is - staggering. The 
forecast, not least mom his own 
Treasury, for the balance of ; 
payments deficit in the forth- 
coating year is somewhere be- 
tween £2 billion and £3 biflion. . 
Mr Clark . said the lack of 
competitiveness was a serious 
drawback, but productivity in 
manufacturing , industry ■ was 
more than 32 per cent up since 
the advent of this Government. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatherill) is considering 
whether aO judges axe covered 
by the Commons role that they 
can be criticized only by a 
substantive motion. 1 

Mr Brian Satanm* (Hackney 
South and Sboreditrih, Lab), 
who was criticized ye s t er d a y by 
Sir Michael Havers, the Attor- 
ney General, forias att a ck on 
Mr J JR. Bickford Smith, Senior 
Master of tire' Supreme Court, 
told the Speaker that tire Attor- 
ney General was attempting to 
widen tire protection given to 

‘Hippy convoy' outrage 

The following is a summary oj 
the Public Order Bill debate in 
the Commons on Tuesday. 

A st ren gth en i ng of the law to 
deal with mass and aggravated 
trespass had beat proposed by 
tin Government as a result of 
the great public outrage after the 
activities of the “Hippy Con- 
voy", Mr Douglas Hogg, Under- 
secretary of State, Home Office, 
said in the Commons. 

He was speaking at that start 
of consideration of Lords 
amendments to the Public Order 
Bill in response to an Opposition 
attemp t to remove from the Bill 
a government new danse de- 
signed to achieve that stren- 

Mr Hogg said that tire amend- 
ment did not cminaliae simple 
trespass bat it created police 
powers to direct trespassers to 
leave land in strictly limited 

The senior police officer had 
reasonably to befieve that two or 


more people satisfied three cri- 
teria: that they were trespassers; 

that they had the common 

purpose of residing on the land 
for any period; that all reason- 
able steps bad been taken to ask 
them to leave. 

“This new ebrase will provide 
the police with powers to deal 
with aggravated trespass by 
groops sack as the convoy 
without haring an adverse effect 
on ramblers and other users of 
the country-ode." 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, Op- 
position spokesman on hone 
affairs, said such manifestations 
as the hippy convoy were deeply 
unpopular. It was important that 
the weight of criminal law was 
not used to bear unfairly on 
people with uucon veational life- 
styles and for no other reason. 

The Home Secretary had said 
that the Association of Chief 
Police Officers would not wel- 
come an extension of powers to 
private land. Mr GBes Shaw, 
then Minister for State, had said 
there was no need to rush into 
Anther legiriatioB ami that a big 

change of the. law on trespass 
was at something the Govern- 
ment wanted. 

Every one tf those words had 
been gone back on by the 
Government * 

The new danse was un- 
necessary, unfair and ffl thought 
oat It conM be oppressive and 
the Opposition wouhl vote 

mnwit if. 

Sir John Farr (Harboroagh, C) 
wondered if the new danse 
would go some way to protect 
other people win enjoyed or 
worked on the land but were 
under harassment and threat? 

Mr Christopher . Smith (Is- 
lington Sooth and Finsbury, 
Lab) said be was, worried about 
the way In which a police 
officer's belief would be die test 
The Government was creating 
criminal trespas s and it wwrid 
ten the police into the bailifis of 
privately owned famd. 

Sr Eldon Griffiths (Bray St 
Edmunds, C), spokesman for the 
Police Federation, said that it 
would be wrong to c rimim>Hro 

The other day the Master of the 
Surrey and North Sussex Bear 

gles was a tt a cke d with sticks, 
kicked in the face and suffered a 
broken arm. Were animal rights 
protesters catered for in the new 

Mr Humphrey Matins (Creydeo 
North West, C) said farmers 
had suffered frustration becanse 
the law had dfscomaged them 
from using reasonable force to 
eject people from their land. The 
new danse wmdd protect many 
who had frit defenceless. 

The new clause wns carried by 
219 votes to 106 — Government 
majority, 113. 

• The Commons agreed to a! 
Lords amend li mi t to the Bffl 
reducing foe maximum penalty 
for riot from fife imprisonment : 
to 10 years,' despite protests 
from Conservative MPu who 
said tkatthe House might five to 
regret its dedsfan. 

• The Commons also agreed to 
Lords amendments actssMiug 
that part of foe Bffl dealing with 
rariai hatred to b ro a d n t ffl ig, 
films, videos, sound recordings 
and other media. .7 . . 

Mr Sednemore: Last December 
'I criticized m a debate tire 
Senior Master in tire Royal 
Courts of Justice, Master 
Bickford Smith, and sofidtars 
EEbarne MitcfaeO. Subsequently 
I wrote to tire Lord ChanceBor 
and asked him 10 set up an 
inquiry. There was considerable 

Since then I hare heard 
nothing. Yesterday the Lord 
Chancellor replied to the in- 
quiry by way of an sw erin g a 
planted written question, which 
was a n swered by the Attorney 

Omul ' 

It had been asked by the fixtfe 
fefidw from one of tire Leicester 
seats (Mr Peter Bnunvds). Yon 
will know him. became he 
gabbles on and you cannot see 
him because be R sosmalL 

Is it not a gross abuse of both 
Houses far the Lord Chancellor 
and tire Attorney General to 
conspire in-, tins. to 

answer tire query put down by ■ 
an MP in this fashion? 

My second point is even mote 
important. The- Attorney . 
General's answer impugns tire 
integrity of a private solicitor, as 
well as mine. 

I have always been under the 
impression that if one MP 
wished to criticize another he 
bad to put down a sn b tta uti ve 
motion or be prepared ao come 
to the House and da it in debase, 
having given notice: 

My third point is this: In that 
answer the Attorney General 
has impugned my integrity for 
attacking a judge and he said 
that if one a t ta c ks a judge, bn 
can only do it by. subst an tive 
motion. • 

The only person I a t t ach*! , 
Master Brekfoni Smith « not, 
never has been and never wmbtf 
a judge. The Attorney General 

The Government reluctantly 
accepted a Lords a mend me nt to 
.tire Housing and Pfenning Bffl, 
other than lose the whole 
mea s ur e , which spe n d s up the. 

safe council homes. 

The Loads has twioe voted to 
exempt council homes specially 
adapted for old people from the 
richl-laJiny peovisiteS. 

Hr Jib Minister of. 

State for Hanses, U*b«n Affairs 

■ml A w d n rhnn ass u red the 

GcmmMM fort tireGorennsear 
would nevertheless not stand by 
and reach efcieriy tenants 
cheated of their right to buy 
xhxraqfr tire bureaucratic ar- 
of urico- o pe rati ve local 

The Government would not. 
allow elderly tenants to be 
denied their rights simply on 
gromadofage. He proamsodthat 
tire Government would bring in 
Icgsda&n as soac » possible to 
give bade to tire Secretary of 
Stele the right todeddc whs* 
homes should be exempt. . . 

Because of tire lack of time in 
tire aessaoQ, Mr Fatten said, the 
Government wouM rtfactantiy 
accept tire House of Leeds 
derision, bat he gave a farm 

und w tnlfim? - tbat Wfdafifu , 

would be imrodnoed as early as 
possible in tire next season fo. 
put dcriaoas on exemption 
back in tire bands of the 
Secretary of State “where they 

“In tire mean ti me, my mes- 
sage to ekfcriy tenants is. tins: if 
you are seriously thinking about 
buying your home, apply now. 
Until the provisions came into 
force, the Secretary of State's 
jurisdiction continues and you 
can be sure of a Stir bearing.*' 
The debate had clarified the 

Labour Party was prepared to 
accept an amendment which 
foeir spokesman, Mr Affitjr 

Bar. Labi, bad acknowledged 
could result in an abuse of 
tenants' rights. There was re- 
dress In the courts, but how 
many ddedy people would 
contemplate such action? 

The Affiance had gone even 

L) w 

suggesting local discretion 
should extended beyond 
erections to discounts. 

. “The whole notion of tenant** 
rights is given new meaning”, he 
smd. “Rights are to be what your 
. local council decides you have." 

- “ft is dear that mme of the 
parties opposite cares about the 
wish of many ekferfy tenants to 
becosan. home owners. Even 
worse, they appear to. care 
ootinag . abw^-foinKs* _ sad 

-foe^te^r exern^^^\ IOn 
Mr Beaker said that in. his 
ungracious acceptance of the 
derision in the House of Lords, 
the Minister had exaggerated the 
situation out of dl proportion. It 
was nox. a general exclusion for 
foe elderly that was proposed. 
The dderfy need have no feare 

[. To say that 350,000 were in 

such dsgerwas a travesty of the 
position. In Ak last two years 
there lad been 900 abdications 
and . only 300 exdoswns had 
beeh granted. ■ 

: The Government bad only 
jadf to blame that time was 
r u n ni ng oat. There bad been 
fooqtbs wasted during the sum- 
mer when the later stages of the 
KB could have bees taken. 

bas . sought . to . widm that by 
saying that the rale mu only 
applies to judges, but 10 senior 
judicial figures. WberedocS rate 
draw foe fine? 

Mr SnpaMC asked the 
Speaker to rak^adding that he 
fiW foe - Lord Chancellor. 
The Speaker: Thar is a major 
matter, and I sbould like longer 
to consider it 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate ou 
Opposition motion on Gov- 
ernment's ecomouic strategy. 
Lords (3): Debate on findings of 
European Court of Human 
Rights on compensation under 
Aircraft and Shipbuilding In- 
dustries Act 

BBC publishes point-by-point response to Tebbit complaints 

This is a condensed, 
version of the BBCs reply 
to Mr Tebbit’s attack. 

The BBC sets out the head- 
lines for the main evening 
news bulletin complained of - 
Tuesday, April 15, 1986 - 
dealing with the American 
attack on Libya. 

BBC Headlines: 

a) World- wide condemnation 
of the American air strike on 

b) Children are casualties — 
three from Gadaffi's family. 

c) Mrs Thatcher under fire in 
the Commons defends her 
decision to allow the use of 
British bases. 

d) Tonight she shows her 
critics the proof of Libyan 

ITN Headlines: 

a) Mr Gorbachov tells Mr 
Reagan “Our Foreign Min- 
isters can't meet now". 

b) The bombs meant for 
terrorists kill Colonel 
Gadaffi's daughter. 

c) President Reagan says: “If 
necessary we mil do it again". 

d) Mrs Thatcher: “I agreed last 

e) Mr Kinnock: “It will 

0 The police are busy with 
demonstrators in Downing 
Street tonight. 

C CO complaint 

“The contrast is dear. The 
BBC gave particular emphasis 
to the Libyan case". 

BBC response 

to the British and American 
case (c). The BBC carried four 
headlines, two of which were 
concerned with the “un- 
favourable” side (a,b). One 
was divided between 
“unfavourable’' and “neutral” 
(c), and one was the strongest 
line in favour of Mrs 
Thatcher’s position to appear 
in any of the headlines," nTfs 
or the BBCs: “Tonight she 
shows' her critics the proof of 

How the Tripoli film coverage compared 

impartial and scrupulously 

Coverage of raid 
Damage to buildings 

Zjjsacs) fTNjsecs) 

Interviews with civilians 
Interview with doctor 
Demon str a ti ons 
Pieces to camera 
Final update telephone caO 

Libyan terrorism” (d). The 
BBC was, therefore, the only 

BBC was, therefore, the only 
organization to say at the 
outset that there was proof of 
such terrorism. This does not 
square with CCO’s charge of 
giving particular emphasis to 
the Libyan case. 

Thatcher as being 'under fire 
in the Commons' 



“The BBC made the prin- 

cipal feature of its news the 
‘world-wide condemnation ' of 

‘world-wide condemnation ’ of 
America — a subjective and 
emotive description which is 
repeated but never substan- 
tiated throughout the 

Seriously misleading. The 
order and language of me two 
sets of headlines are in fact 
much, the same. CCO chooses 
not to draw attention to the 
fact that ITN. as well as the 
BBC chose the civ ilian 
casualties as the subject for its 
second headline, ana that the 
language of the one is no more 
emphatic than that of the 



Not true. ITN carried six 
h eadli ne s. Four of these were 
concerned with what Conser- 
vative Central Office call the 
“unfavourable” aspect of the 
bombing (a,b,e,f). One was 
“neutrar (d), and one, quot- 
ing Reagan, was “favourable” 

Not true. The phrase 
“world-wide condemnation” 
was thoroughly substantiated 
during the broadcast Our 
diplomatic editor, John Simp- 
son, reported that only Can- 
ada, Israel and Britain had 
supported the American ac- 
tion, and he continued: “AE 
the others, loyal allies as well 
as fair- weather ones, are uni- 
formly hostile to it” 


"77j<? BBC then turned to the 
civilian casualties of the raid — 
thus giving emphasis to one of 
Libya'. s major propaganda 
points - before describing Mrs 

"In our view ITN chose a 
very different approach, which 
emphasized head fact " 


There appear to be five 
criticisms in this pa ssage , not' 
all of them dearly expressed: . 

a) that ITN chose a very 
different approach of then- 
headlines, which emphasized 
hard fact, while the BBCs 
headlines did not. 

Not trae. Not one of the 
BBCs headlines was conjec- 
tural; each was fully substan- 
tiated in the reporting that 

b) that the BBCs phrases 
(“world-wide condemnation” 
etc) were vague. 

Not trae. We have already 
demonstrated in some detail 

about how extensive the 
condemnation was. 

c) that the BBC chose not to 
accompany its references to 
civilian casualties with par- 
allel references to the proof of 
Libyan terrorism. 

Not tone. The BBC head- 
lines referred to proof of 
Libyan terrorism within seven 
seconds of its mention of 


d) that because the BBC 
referred to Mrs Thatcher as 
being “under fire”, rather than 
leaving her and other poli- 
ticians to speak for them- 
selves, we were less “factual” 
than ITN. 

Not true. CCO neglects to 
point out that ITN itself used 
-precisely foe same expression 
later in its report: “In the 
House of Commons this after- 
noon Mrs Thatcher came 
under fire from all sides for 
her support of President 
Reagan's action”. 

e) that the BBC was far less 
‘successful’ than ITN in in- 
troducing the news in a bal- 
anced and impartial fashion, 
and was not scrupulous about 
not attempting to lead the 
viewer either to a pro-Ameri- 
can or a pro-Libyan opinion. 

We disagree. Our rebuttal 
of each of the above points 
shows why we believe our 
headlines were balanced. 


“7b the section following the 
headlines the BBC went 
straight into alarmist hyper- 
bole: ‘ The world is wailing to 
see what Colonel Gadaffi is 
going to do in response...'. It 
was a phrase which raised the 

doing nothing to inform the. 

deride whether some facts are 
too ' damag ing' or too ‘CaDous’ 
to be broadcast; and if we were 
to take that decision we would 
indeed be open to the accosa- 
tion.of manipulating the news 
for political purposes. 


*7/ also devoted far mare of 
the opening paragraph than 
ITN did to words and phrases 
designed to arouse anti-Amai- 
can emotion.” 

situation very , foody. “The 
Libyans are now trying to use 
the American raid as a propa- 

r da weapon for themsebes 
concentrating news cover- 
age on the civilian and not the 
military sideof the attack." 

which had attracted world- 
wide condemnation and which 
had greatly increased inter- 

national sympathy and sup- 
port for Libya, and that by 
supporting the Americans the 
British Government had put 
British lives at risk. ” 


Nowhere were the words 
“unjustifiable” or “agg- 
ression” used by us, except m 
quotationby others. Itis a&ct 
that the raids caurcd the 
deaths of many civilians, at- 
tracted world-wide 
condemnation, increased 
political support, if only tem- . 
porarily fear Gadaffi, ana that 
British lives— those, that is, of 
some individuals — were 
placed at ride. But at no stage 
did we “sandwich,**, to use an 
earlier CCO expression, these 
unquestionable facts together. 

April 17, 1986. 

The CCO document states 
on page 18: “there was indeed 
considerable speculation at 
the time concerning a connec- 
tion between the raid and the 



Not tone. The sentence 
quoted from the BBC was a 
statement of -objective fact at 
9pm that day. Oar diplomatic 
editor bad spoken to senior 
officials from four different 

governments — those of 

Britain, the United States, 
France and West Germany — 
and he had- found that 
Gadaffi's response had indeed 
become their main concern 
that afternoon. Foreign min- 
istries, including the Foreign 
Office, were formulating ad- 
vice to their citizens in sen- 
sitive areas. 


The BBC rejects in the 
strongest terms that its words 
and phrases were “designed” 
to do anything other than state 

the objective Saris. 


In both the BBC and die 
ITN bulletins the first full film 

Kate Adie stated: for- 

eign journalists were confined 
to the hoteL Then as dawn 
broke, we were taken by 
officials to a residential 
district” In our view, at this 
time this dearly indicated that 
the movement of journalists 
was restricted and news cover- 
age was controlled. Through- 
out her assignment in Libya, 
Kate Adie made more than 7® 
references to reporting 

story was a report from Trip- 
oli. Both had much the same 
story. The contrast in the 
treatment, however, is signifi- 


‘The success of the Libyan 
propaganda - effort can be 
clearly seat in the BBC news 
bulletin. It devotes consid- 
erably longer to this Libyan- 
controlled footage than the 
ITN bulletin, and the relative 
amount of time and emphasis 
given in the whole report to 
civilian death and injury is 



“The BBC then chose a 
particularly damaging phrase 
to describe America’s response, 
4 In Washington the mood is 
one of jubilation', which, when 
sandwiched between phrases 
such as ‘ children are casual- 
ties' and 'causing deaths and 
injuries to men,, women and 
children as they slept m their 
home suggested extreme 


Not true. The ITN fihn 
report was was three minutes 
S3 secondsrthe BBC film re- 
port was three minutes SI 

CCO obviously added in a 
telephone report Shorn Kate 
Adie, illustrated by a still 
photograph of. her, on the 
latest situation regarding 
Colonel Gadaffi's family. 

There is no evidence any- 
where in the CCO report to 
substantiate the claim foal one' 
report was more factual than 
the other. 

(El Al) bomb, but subsequent: 
information showed that there 


In fact, foe BBC showed 41 
seconds of pictures of casual- 
ties: ITN showed not 45 
seconds as CCO maintains, 
but 51. BBC showed 52 sec- 
onds of damaged buildings: 
ITN showed 73 seconds. 


Not true. It is contestable 
that the mood in Washington 

that day was one of jubilation. 
It is not the BBCs ranction to' 


The ITN report is briefer 
and more factual, ending with 
a summary that expressed the 

“The BBC view qf' the story" 
appeared t o be th at the Ameri- 
cans had committed an act of 
unjustifiable aggression which 
had resulted in the deaths of 
many innocent civilians. 

had never been any”. It was 
this suggestion of a link, be- 
tween the two events, widely 
held and reported fry most of 
foe media at the time and 
finally disproved only at the 
recent Hindawi trial, which 
featured in the Nine O’clock 
News and was alluded to 
several times. So, too, 

ITN, alfhotigfr CCO appears 
to have overlooked this fact- 
So, in common with very 
many otbos --.isdoifag 
— foe BBC linked the two - 
events. This asnraptinn *as 
huonect aad rofo 
should not have been made. 

- u 



it c x 

i ?4 

Councils are JjJ* 

rapped over ios^ 1; 

AWAA 'I lifSow 


■ By Christopher Wurman, Property Correspondent 

Local authorities could im- programme because of exixa 
prove council house mainte- travel, problems , with the 
nance by up to 30 per cent, wrong ni?K»riafr, inspection 
worth about £700 million a and overhead costs, 
year, if they adopted better It says that emergencies, 
management systems and often the most expensive of all 
concentrated on a sust ained jobs, should no t exceed S per 
programme of repairs and cent of jobbing repairs, but in 
mapiraianrp, the Audit Com- some authorities they account 
mission says in a report for 25 to 30 per cenL 
published today. The report The co mmis sion points out 
■gives a catalogue of waste in the urgency of reducing the 
present housing maintenance backlog because in the next < 
efforts by some ' authorities, five to tea years houses built 
including too much work immediately after the war w31 
done oti a jobbing basis,, too need trig repairs* This could 
mmy emergency repairs, fail- add £900 nmhoii a year to the 
ore to ensure effective com- council house maintenance 
petition from contractors, bill over the next L5yeais.^ 
whether their own direct la- Accordingly fr proposes that 
hour organizations or not, and authorities, many of whom do 
the high cost af.redecorarian not know the condition of 
and repair bills for properties their stock in sufficient detail, 
left vacant should draw up a detailed 

Mr John* Banham, control- five-year plan armed atrestwj 
ter of the commission, empba- mg 

sized there was no suggestion pnwitres clearly esteMished. 

1 Thev should set UD tttO- 

7 - 

’*• . ^ ■V. 


The coal missstry rimstf ; 

lueak em» hy HWB-89, a year 
later thM Cxpect^, Sir Egbert 
Hadti, chairman of Beiosb. 
CoaI,toMMPs yesterday-. 

. But in a cautiously Optra®- 

some authorities mey account 
for 25 to 30 per cent 

The commission points out 
llie urgency of red u c in g the 
backlog because in the next 
five to ten years houses built 
immediately after the war will 
need big tepaink. This could 
add £900 mmion a year to the 
council house mazutenance 
hill over the next 15 years. 

Accor d ingly it proposes that 
authorities, many of whom do 

szea mere was no suggestion ~ — :t ' — 

that local government housing They should set up pro- 

was in worse shape than ura! 

private sector housing, which estatpjyased repairs local 
bad the same probtems of multi^de tram, each refi- 
ll-; • ponsible for up to 2,000 

ES&m SS35SS 

the industry, giron to the 
Piaia nM select committee ofl 
next March there would be a 
marke d slowing down in tire 
rate of colliery do«W- 
Sir Robert. acknowledged 
Oat British Coal would lose 
about £300 mflfion this year. 

The fad-off noQ price s and 
downward trend- of lafer- 
w nt ia M ^ coal prices h ad wea M 
the loss of potential profit of 
about £400 million. In ftrW 
half of the year the toss had 


conld be contained. 

The break-even target for 
1988-89 was stffl pretty for- 
midable, Sir Bnbert said. Bat 

pbdwdivity this year was 22 
per cent Wgl r ttao last - 

Sir Robert dedmed calls 
from Labour MBs* 
precise manpower projections, 

Ktt he««fc “We J»py d« 
beyond the ead of March A* 
we shall be i n mack c alme 
waters”. He sugge sted. tfa a 

^Itoee years ago ben e ns ^ ^ 

- recovery. I 

Big expenditure 
on new prisons 
‘a costly failure’ 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs . 

Correspondent ^ 

Massive investment by the t 
Government in new prisons is i 
a costly failure, the annual 
report of the National Assoa- j 
ation for the Gire a*** < 
Resettlement of Offenders j 
ays today. , _ __ s 
The forecast made by Mr i 

Leon Brittan in 1983, when he ■ 

was Home Secrctaiy, that the 
raison building programme 
would end overcrowding by 
1991 will not be met. Nacro 

The report says that no 
I refaction in prison over- 
crowding has been achieved m 
the past five years. In March 
1981, prisons were over- 
crowded by 12 per cent, the 
same percentage as m March 

In February of this year, 
17,148 prisoners were still 
sharing a cell with one or two 

Under present plans, many 
thousands of prisoners would 
still be sharing cells in 1991. 

Miss Vivien. Stem, director 
of Nacro, says in the report: 
“The massive investment m 
new raisons is draining re- 
sources away from the existing 
system and reducing stan- 
dards still further. 

“The money availabl e for 
education was reduced from 
2.3 per cent of the prison 
budget in 1979-80 to 1.85 per 
cent in 1984-85.” 

DWlg Kept UM HO WES uj 

- west Loudon, when awnpany 
Opera House, Covent Garden 

prisoners id England and 
Wales have had a pay nsc ‘ 
The flat rate, without ow- 
tune, has gone up from £2218 a 
week to £3.10. 

a Butximiiin of £5.10 a week, 
compared with £483. Most 
money is spent on tobacco,?, 
although savings *** 

coaraged. >. 

There has been a slow,. jy 
steady and relentless det- 
eri oration in prison con- sol 
ditions in the past 20 years, -g 
she says. . 

This year’s revised Home 
Office handbook for courts, 

7 iie Sentence of the Court. , 
“points out as dearly as it can : W | 
the positive disadvantages of a 

high use of imprisonment . w 

"Yet the proportionate tee 
of custody contmues to nse. In ' 
1974, 1 5 per cent of men over 
21 sentenced for indictable, ^ 
offences received immwuate ^ 
prison sentences. This figure 
had risen by 1984 to 2Qper:*w 

cent.” ■ 

There ii an imbalance in the sdr 

way crime is dealt with, the-"*** 
report says. Considerable re- ^ 
sources and energy are _ di- . ^ 
reeled to the detection, ;n?J 
prosecution and punishment 
of crime, which still keeps .,>11 
ahead of them. : r l E 

Yet little is allocated to 
. preventing crime or helping ■£* 
. the individuate and areas ^ 
r which suffer most from it. '-gj 
Miss Stern says. ;iA 

the report is aU aboutnowwe ^ ^ fo 

™ 1 w» *“ d0WDWard 

trend. email m-ivstp contractors to 

trend. s mall private contractors to 

He said that the report was 

not an attempt to cut expen- fa addition, tenants should 
diturc. “It shows _ now to ^ to meet their 

provide more maintenance Q Kjjg gfiQns tn keep houses in 
work for the same cost and repair so that 

£700 million is wefl worth J^^ndhure cm re-lets does 
having in extra value. not distort maiiiteriiuieeprior- 

The backlog in council jtw, and authorities should 
house maintenance and un- ensure ^ responsive main- 
provements totals wune tzu tenance does not crowd out an 
billion in England alone, and rolling programme 

the report says that annual ^ gQch ; tems ^ re-roofing, 
expenditure is more tbao tz je.yaring. guttering and re 
billion, abom £425 for «<* of "Sg? 
the 4.8 million council homes commission acknowl- 

in England and WakSL Tne that to imrianent these 

maintenance backlog m umer ^ managpment ar- 

London averages £4,500 a — j emepts, there must be 
dwelling, compared with msomoes. Anthon- 

£2,500 m the moropofitan ^ ^ ^ facal j©- 

districts and £1,400 m tne sources> fachiding increasing 

smaller shire districts. rente and tite proceeds from 

Throughout the ctmntiy flie ^ ^ pf assets. -^'least to 

picture variesi with some cj^^mpreseirt maintenance 
authorities coping efficiently and, keep the stock m 

with the probfem; bite o f ver™ oodd condition. ' ' • ' 

the report criticizes loo mua» improving Council Jf oust 
iobbing walk, which can Often Maintenance (The Andtt Com- 
««« in sn tw cent more m roaon for 1-ocal Airtbiwtuex m 

Challenge Union gets 
«. to church cut-price 
on shares new cars 

a inti 

- «;v 

Political Staff i 

The Church C ommis- < 
sioners are under ( 

from inside the church to sdl , 
its investments in companies . 
with links in South Afric^. j 
The coxnm^oners rteiena . 
Hs Soufo Affican TOrriohp fry , 

arguing that it would be illegal 

to disinvest any mates.- 
Sir Donates Lovelock, the 
first cbrn^ .csmt^comm^ 
sioner, has cited 0* 
judaement involving the Na- 

tioMl Union of .Minewortes 

as precedent agai^thes^t 

This is challenged today by 
Mr Andrew Phillip, a wjj' 

charity lawyer. who_ mve^- 
gated the legal p°smon on 

tehalf of Dr Aian^WdKtCT, 
Dean of St PauTs and a church 
commissioner- t 

there is a dismK^beW^ 

orivate, non-cbantable trusts, 
SShb the NUM pension 
fond, and chanties, fike the 
church commissroners. 

The commissioners, wnose 

aim is to P rtOTOte 1 2S e «SS2t 
souls”, must not lend support 

and approbation to 
which conflicts ^th.thte^ he | 
mvs. It was “misguided to ! 
Srhe Megarty judgpmem as 

* Hfa^nioa wffl ,te«*d 
against the commosiMm 
on then: 

policy at the General Synod 


wfll move an ^endmrat 

calling for a start to dis- 

the royaiT 

Governora and&itecribu^ 

are informed mat 
voting papere for tte 

The dectriaans’ omon has 
negotiated discounts on new 
cars for its 347,000 members. 

The deal is the latest in a 
catalogue pf bamfiteobtamed 
by the Electrical, Hectromc 

Telecommunication and 

Flmnbing Unkm. 

After agreement with a 
Shropshire-based car dealer, 
EETPU members will be able 

to obtain 15 per cent <fa£ 
counts on new cars and of- 
ficials hope they wffl buy 
British makes. 

Fattier this year, the union 

. j jmiumh rtn Iwwne. 


sent to all Craft Lodge 

Secretaries fw distribution 
tw their members. 
Those unable to obtama 



Royal Maronm E^tal, 



car and life insurance, mart- 1 
pipps, pension schemes ana I 
holidays. -I 

Court change I 
in head’s trial 

The triql of an independent I 
grammar school headmaster, I 
accused of assaulting a. pupil I 

by caning him, wffl be held at 1 

Kni gh Tdrr iagf- Gown Court, I 
west London. I 

The case agains t lw John I 
Pearman, agsd 37^ of Village 1 
Road, Enfield, north London, I 
who is acoosed of raising I 
a ctnfll bodily haem to. t he b oy 1 

a wvt 13 was due to be heard at I 
Wood Grerai Crown Court. I 

Murder case I 

under review 1 

The Court of Appeal Is . to ] 

review the case of a convicted I 

murderer whore case wn I 
featured in BBCs Rough Jus- 1 

rite television series. ^ I 

the murder of her son, Aten, 1 
14 who was found, I 
SSsed up at thefr home m I 
Bamber Bridge, Preston, ne I 
had been stabbed 10 tunes. I 

Cathedral gift 

CambridgeCounty Coundl I 
is to give £250,000 wwarfs 
essentia 1 repair fJ-Hy 

Cathedral. A total of £4 mu- 
lion is needed to repau the 
deventh century Norman 

Queen’s call 

The Queen has called rat 

catdiersto her counuy pantai 
Sandringham in NortoItThe 
mdents have been attracted to ■ 
titbits left by jpk^uckers. 

Issued by Morgan Grenfell A Co. 




In ' 1970 , Ricl, ^* ranSO, 
order- peconl ^ r< 

Today Vlrg^p^ a mul1 
group, wh^pipe r at es in 
some 1^0"staff. Virgin* 
over, artistes, incli 
CollinmCulture Club, Pet 
Lea M #® 0|» ier 
UB#f Virgin's =—■ 


such as 

S w, Virgin is pla 
ply for 

200 0200 

of your oi# 


ng in ‘sunrise* 

TV and video 

go public. So you can 

*d like to reserve a 

Either from 

or from a call box 



-t. ^ 


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I : DATE | 

I ^ -J™_J A 




Suez 30 years on 

Soldier recalls the big 
‘fireworks’ display he 
was part of in 1956 

By Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 

History has passed its own bring today’s wars into the ' 
judgement on the political and family living room, but these 

photographs still capture the 

«!■> V»« kuw 

miUtary wisdom of the inva- 
sion of Suez, but for the men 
involved in the fighting each 
anniversary of the event 
brings back more personal 

Thirty years ago yesterday 
about 700 men of the 3rd 
Battalion, The Parachute 
Regiment were dropped on to 
the El Garni! airfield west of 
port Said — 24 hours before 
the main seaborne invasion 
force was scheduled to land. ■ 
Among them was Private 
Terence Horton, who is now 
aged 49 and a building works 
manager in east London. He 
said; “For everybody else the 
fifth of November is Guy 
Fawkes nighL but for all of us 
who were in Suez we remem- 
ber the day for fireworks of a 
rather different kind.” 

For many Suez was then- 
first taste of action. As they 
stepped out of their transport 

I*w4nn urifk kAOW 

atmosphere of the battlefield 
in an evocative way. 

Mr Horton has vivid mem- 
ories of the fighting to achieve 
the paras’ objectives - to se- 
cure the airfield; prepare for 
the demolition of a bridge on 
the road to Alexandria and to 
advance on Port Said. 

He says now that he and 
man y of his fellow soldiers 
considered that the decision to 
send them in 24 hours ahead 
of the main invasion force was 
of no mili tary value and 
unnecessarily hazardous. 

“Rumour had it that pres- 
sure was being brought to bear 
on the Government to halt 
hostilities and that we were 
hurriedly sent in in order to 
present the critics with a fait 

“We were lightly armed and 
nisi lasic ui atuuH. u.ey if the Egyptians had reacted 
stepped out of their transport aggressively with heavy equip- 
planes, laden with heavy ment we could have been in 
weapons containers, their only severe trouble. As it waswe 
thoughts were of the reception 
they were about to receive 
from the Egyptian forces 

The controversy about the 
political decision to invade 
would come later, but as first 
light broke on the morning of 
November 5’ the atmosphere 
on board the aircraft 
approaching Port Said was of 
anticipation and some ex- 

Private Horton was among 
the first to jump. As well as his 
weapons and equipment he 
also carried a 35mm camera 
he had bought while stationed 
in Cyprus — the photographs 

on this page are a selection of 

. a mena oi jvit nuuvu 

Now Revision cameras pulled the pin ofhisereoade in 

expectation of an attack, only 
to find he could not replace xt 
when the alert passed. His 
han d developed cramp so, 
rather than throw the grenade 
and risk attracting a mortar 
attack, be sat through the 
night clutching it between his 

In another incident as paras 
moved through a sewage farm 
they came under attack from 
an aircraft The sewage con- 
tainers offered the only pos- 
sible protection - so they 
jumped in, only to discover 
that the plane strafing them 
was one of their own. 

The next morning the paras 
advanced, Mr Horton said, 
with one platoon occupying a 
hospital only to lose their 
platoon commander, sergeant 
and two men to accurate ore 
from buildings near by. 

Later in the day the mam 
seaborne forces arrived. That 
it a ceasefire came into 

Mr Horton added: “1 had 

K^^ smUdtave 

be STn 2 l ^' t he re wa Sa “PF-* 

black humour attached to . round this year. 
man y of the incidents. 

Dug in, waiting for dawn 
and with the night so black it 
was impossible to see the end 
of your own extended arm, 
one group of paras thought an 
enemy squad had been seen 
moving along the beach carry- 
ing canoes. A tracer bullet was 
fired, followed by a hail . 
small arms from the British 
trenches. Next day the 
“enemy” was found to be a 
donkey, its body riddled with 

A friend of Mr Horton 

Call for 
drlines to 

For many of the men it was their Horton, who took both these photographs. 

By Harvey EUiot! 

Air Correspondent 

A new report by the ln- 
sti’tuie for Fiscal Studies urges 
European transport ministers 
l0 introduce greater com- 
petition between airlines when 
they hold their meeting on 
aviation policy in Brussels 

next week. . 

It warns to see an end to toe 
practice of price-fixing and 
agreements between airlines 
not to compete on certain 

routes. „ . 

The institute calls tor lull 
application of the competition 
principles of the Treaty of 
Rome to prevent the en- 
trenched European airlines 
abusing their dominant 
position". . . 

The Consumers Association 
has also written to Mr John 
Moore. Secretary of State tor 
Transport, urging, him not to 
agree to a compromise, be- 
cause it would fly in the face of 
his earlier apparent commit- 
ment to full liberalization. 

A number of European 
ministers are against aban- 
doning current policies. 

At the International Air 
Transport Association’s an- 
nual meeting in Montrcux this 
week it was clear that there 
will be strong resistance to any 
move to force them to aban- 
don price-fixing meetings or 
to use the courts to impose 
unrestricted competition. 

private Terence 

Horton (left) before the drop into Egypt in 
1956 and as be is today. 

Planes put 
to test by 

By Peter Davenport 
Defence Correspondent 

Mr George Younger. Sec- 
retary of State for Defenre. is 
to take a test flight in each ot 
the two aircraft competing tor 
the valuable contract to pro- 
vide the RAF with its next 
generation of airborne eany 
warning planes. 

He will make his firat fh&bL 
on board the gof^S E' J 
Awacs. from RAF Wadding- 
ton in Lincolnshire today. On 
November IS he 
lest flight on board the GfcL 
NimrcS aircraft. 

The decision of the Mr 
Younger to take a 
trial of the two compeung 
svstems was announced b> me 
Ministry of Defence ^yes- 
terday. the day before the 
“best and final” 

GEC and Boeing, are due to 
land on his desk. 

Mr Younger is expected ^ 
reach his decision before the 


As the details of his 
flights were announced, some 

reports said yesterday that ihe 
two* rival had rwendy 

been involved in Ay-off tens 
along .the east coast of 

Eight held 
over £4m 
drug raid 

Seven men and one woman 
were remanded in custody 
yesterday charged in connec- 
tion with an alleged £4 million 
cannabis smuggling operation. 

The police and customs 
officers recovered 1.5 tonsrrt 
cannabis resin valued at more 
than £4 million m a rag at 
Aberbach beach, near Fisb- 
euard, Dyf«L this week. 

The eight were remanded m 
custody until next Monday 'by 

Haverfordwest magif rat |^: 
There was no application tor 
hail. ... 

Those charged^were: Mi- 
chael Peter Edwards, aged 39, 
a company manager,** b?y- 
mour Street, London Wi. 
Peter Frederick Welch ag«l 
47, a musician, of uplands 
Crescent, Swansea; Efliejtey- 
mour, aged 27, of Copperfeld 
Way, ChidehursL Kent; Kim 
Buckley, aged 32, a motor 
trader, of ^d Lewis, Dyfed 
David Jeffrey, ^ 26, a 
despatch rider, of Beulim, 
Dyfed; his bother, Pteta- Jef- 
frey, aged 4a a builder, of! 

^Itoben ^Turnbull, aged 34, 

unemployed, of South Shields. 
Tvne-and-Wear, and Neil 
Franks, aged 30of CarP^J* 
Cottage, Sittmgbourae, Kent 

Stud farm fails in 
appeal on rates 

. ■ i a iiiciin* lawton sai 


a test case to decide 
whether stud farm owners 1 
England and Wales are 
mledio rates exemption may 
i decided by me House Of 

L0 ?he Court of Apjx^ <*»■ 

Whitsburv Farm ano . 
uf of Hampshire. «!uch 

Lord Justice Lawton said the 
case was the latest in attempts 
by stud form owners to esta£ 
lish rate exemption ^ncethe 
Local Government Act 1949 
derated agricultural land- 
Dismissing the appeal with 
costs, the judge said the 
question was whether stud 

owners wnu mtu — - 

Ud. of Hampshire- w«uj» °J^ lsc s with agncoltural 
claimed that it fann land attached should enjoy toe 

exempted same rate exempuon as those 

consisted of who bred cattle and shap- 
ings under the terms ot tn spokesman for the 

fe&SXS:** srtr-Wu-r 

wi ,h Lord Jusu^Uo>dund ttat biwd- 

Lord Justices uovo wj» ^ foDnd ,hat breed- 

Rnlcombc. gave the stud firm . ^on^ghbred horses is 

Srmissior. to take die an agricultural operation 

She Lords after coui^l said ^ ibl ^g m stud fmraJnnJd- 
that 400 other cases were ■ should be rated .An 
1 - "" appeal would be considered. 

■iwaiii rt “ a final decision. 

In a" reserved judgement. 

Nobody has done more than us to 
make going to the pictures a moving 

expe n en^ of ^ f oun der members of 

GE (USA), Thomas Edison, was a leading 

figure in the development of the film 

camera and projector way back ip i the : ltwos. ucc uic . 

More than anything else, its helped | ' fot industry. Low voltage 

people throughout the world to understan Iamps for display areas, 

how the other half lives. J d ecia i e ff ect lights that most discos 

Today, GE* is still full o bngh .deas Aod e ^ ey ^tch a firework 

Not least of all in the area of electrtc lighting, rave about, because 

Our innovative technology is always 
developing higher performance products 
for both general and specialist use. 

Everything from flashbulbs for 

photographers to floodlights for St. Paul s 
Cathedral, the City of Londons most 

famous landmark. , . , . 

We produce the latest high intensity 

r _ r T CMI VOltaSC 

display for colour and spectacle. 

Whatever will GE, one ot th 
Great Enterprises, think ot next' 

If you would like to know mcr 
GE, write to Fiona Fyffe, Shortlanas, 
Hammersmith, London W6 8BX. 


Changing faster than the world around us. 

■Trademark of General Eicon c Compaq 

«uh The General Electric Company PU, a. Er.^.u. . 



29 . 



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Grassroots verdict 

Campaign embarrassment 

Winners and losers 

Reagan to 
stand firm 

Senate loss 

Con turned from page 1 

Democrats fared less well. It 
appeared yesterday before all 
455 results were in that they 
may have picked up as few as 
three seats. On the whole, 
familiar incumbent were re- 
turned on both sides. 

But there were some new- 
comers who succeeded retir- 
ing Congressmen, the most 

famous being. Mr Joseph Ken- 
nedy. aged 33. the son of the 

late Robert Kennedy, who 
won comfortably in the Bos- 
ton seat held for more than 30 
years by the former Speaker 
Thomas “Tip” O’Neill 

His sister. Kathleen Ken- 
nedy Townsend, failed to beat 
her woman Republican oppo- 
nent in Baltimore. Their un- 
cle. Senator Edward Kennedy, 
who was not himself up for 
election this year, is expected 
to take over the chairmanship 
of the Senate judiciary 
committee in the general re- 
alignment of committee 

The Republicans did best in 
the governors' race. The his- 
toric capture of Alabama, the 
first time a Republican took 
this deep south state since the 
Civil War, marked a clear 
break with the George Wallace 
era. Further south in Texas 
they also ousted the Demo- 
cratic incumbent Mark White. 

The election of a Repub- 
lican Hispanic- American gov- 
ernor in Florida offset the 
defeat in the Senate race of 
Senator Paula Hawkins. And 
Republican governors were 
installed in traditionally 
conservative states previously 
held by Democrats — Arizona, 
New Mexico. Oklahoma and 

The Republicans also main- 
tained them hold on America’s 
largest state, with the re- 
election of Governor George 
Deukmejian in California. 

The propositions 

Voters decide on the vital issues 

From Mohsin AH, Washington 

Voters from Maine to Cali- 
fornia yesterday delivered 
their verdicts on a range of 
subjects including Aids, drugs, 
nudear power, g amblin g, 
taxes and women’s rights. 

Many of their answers 
when added to ballots in some 
43 states have national im- 
plications and are an increas- 
ingly important aspect of US 

California approved a refer- 
endum that would make Eng- 
lish the official l a n gu ag e, a 
measure strongly opposed by 
Hispanic, Asian, and civil 
rights groups 

In Oregon there was over- 
whelming grassroots rejection 
of a proposition that would 
have allowed adults to grow 
marijuana for their own use: 

These were two of the most 
controversial of some 226 
referenda that American vot- 
ers decided on Tuesday. “Di- 
rect democracy” propositions 
allowed voters to ignore the 
usual legislative process and 
propose new laws 

The Oregon proposition 
was put by a group calling 
itself the “Oregon Marijuana 
Initiative”. It would have 
permitted anyone aged 18 or 
older to grow and possess the 
drug for personal use. But 

California Chief Justice Rose 
Bird was ousted overwhelm- 

Voters in and around the 
predominantly black Roxbury 
area of Boston rejected by 
about three-to-one a non- 
binding referendum on form- 
ing a separate city called 

Massachusetts voters re- 
jected a proposal to use state 
funds to aid private schools by 
about a two-toon e ratio. New 
York voters approved a $1.45 
billion bond issue for environ- 
mental projects. 

Rhode Island voters, over- 
whelmingly Roman Catholic, 
rejected the proposed ban on 
state-funded abortions, except 
when the life of the mother 
was threatened, by more than 

In Vermont, a proposal to 
add the Equal Rights Amend- 

... ■ . 

>. ■ W *-*■- --t « i&r~- ■ 

ment (ERA) to the state's 
Station headed for defeat. 

voters strongly rejected the 
proposition after a « 

r __ r warning by 

the 'State Attorney-General’s 
office that such a law would be 
-unenforceable and by drug- 
abuse officials that it sent the 
wrong signal to the youth. 

Californians rejected by a 
two-to-one margin the pro- 
posal from backers of Mr 
Lyndon Larouche, the right- 
wing and fringe presidential 
candidate, that would isolate 
Aids victims. It was bitterly 
opposed by leaders of the 
homosexual community and a 
number of Hollywood celeb- 
rities, including Elizabeth 

Californians approved mea- 
sures against toxic waste dis- 
posal put a cap on state 
salaries and as expected. 

constitution 1 
This had been seen as the 
spearhead of a possible na- 
tionwide attempt to revive the 
national movement to make 
ERA part of the United States 
constitution. That now seems 
to have suffered a mortal 

In Oregon, a proposal call- 
ing for the creation of a state-, 
wide nudear free zone, 
including the closing of the 
stale’s only operating nuclear 
plant until a high level waste 
site was in operation, was 

Voters in Kansas approved 
an amendment which would 
allow bars and restaurants to 
serve alcohol This was ban- 
ned in 1880 but stores were 
allowed to sefi drink in 1948. 
Until now, however, open 
saloons in Kansas were for- 

Other measures approved 
included a new state lottery in 
Florida, the cleaning up of 
toxic waste sites in New York 
and Massachusetts, and a 
mandatory seat belt law in 

President and Mrs Reagan waring as they board a helicopter to return to the White House 

as the campaign ended. 

Computer bombards the sick 

From Paid Vallely, Fort Worth 

It was not we are assured. 
President Reagan's intention 
that the old and the sick 
should be dragged from their 
hospital beds in a last-attempt 
to swell the Republican vote in 
Texas. But that was not bow 
all of die patients saw it. 

The rigour of the Presid- 
ent's unsuccessful personal 
campaign to maintain his 
party’s working majority in 
the Senate in Tnesday’s elec- 
tion has been much remarked 
upon here. 

Bat even Mr Reagan’s most 
steadfast admirers thought he 
had gone too far when he 
beseiged bed-ridden patients 
in Mesquite Connmmhy Hos- 
pital, Texas, for four hours 
It was not' the President in 
person, of coarse. Political 
campaigners in die United 
S tates have devised a new 
form of lobbying in which a 
recorded message is played by 
a computer. 

But this time the computer, 
which is based in Foart Worth, 

went haywire. Instead of cas- 
ing private homes in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, it bombarded the 
local general hospital. 

For four hours fast weekend 
the went through to the 
emergency room, the nurses* 
home and the bedside tele- 
phones of the patients. 

Perhaps the Presidents 
only real mistake was hi not 
ordering a fleet of bsthchairs 
to form a shuttle to the po&fog 

Winners in House battle for 100th Congress 


1 R Herbert Callahan (84f 

2 R William Dickinson (64) 

3 D William Nichols (66) 

4 D Tom Bevill (66) 

5 D Ronnie Hippo (76) 

6 D Ben Erdreich (82) 

7 D Claude Harris (D) 


AL R Donald Young (73) 


1 R John Rhodes III (R) 

2 D Morris Udall (61) 

3 Tv Bob Slump (76)* 

4 R Jon Kyi (R) 

5 R James Kotbe(S4) 

17 D William Lehman (72)* 

18 D Claude Pepper (62) 

19 D Dante Fasceil (54) 


1 D Robert Thomas (82r 

2 D Charles Hatcher (80f 

3 D Richard Ray (82)* 

4 R Patrick SwindaU (84) 

3 D John Lewis (D) 

6 R Newt Gingrich (78) 

7 D George Darden (83) 

8 D James Rowland (82) 

9 D Edgar Jenkins (76)* 

10 D D. Douglas Barnard Jr (76) 


This is a list of the newly elected House of Representatives for 
the 100th Congress of tire United States. In foe results, issued 
by Associated Press, tire figure indicates the number of foe 
congressional district. This is followed by the party of the win- 
ner and their same. Liires in bold indicate the seat has changed 
hands. If foe incumbent is Feelected, foe name is followed by the 
date m brackets when they were first elected. If the person is a; 
newcomer then D or R in brackets indicates tire party that pre- 
viously held the seat AL instead of a district number indicates a 
representative elected “at large”, where there is only one 
representative in a state. 

* indicates aa uncontested seaL 1 indicates foe winner only faced 
an independent candidate. 

1 S Patrida SaBd (D) 

2 D Daniel Akaka (76) 



1 D William Alexander (68) 

2 D Tommy Robinson (84) 

3 R J.P. Hammerschmidl (66) 

4 D Beryl Anthony Jr (78) 

1 R Lany Craig (80) 

2 D Richard Stallings (84) 





Douglas Bosco (82) 


Wally Herger (R) 



Robert Matsoi (78) 



Vic Rrdo (78) 



Sala Burton (83) 



Barbara Boxer (82) 



George Miller (74) 



Ronald Ddlums (70) 



Fortney Stark (72) 



Don Edwards (62) 



Thomas Lantos (80) 



Ernest Konnyn (R) 



Norman Mineta (74) 



Norman Shumway (78) 



Tony Codho (78) 



Leon Panetta (76) 



Charles Hashayan (78) 



Richard Lehman (82) 



Robert Lagomarsino (74) 



William Thomas (78) 



Elton Gallegly (R) 



Carlos Moorhead (R) 



Anthony BeBenson (76) 



Henry Waxman (74)* 



Edward Roybal (62) 



Howard Berman (82) 



Mel Levine (82) 



Julian Dixon (78) 



Augustus Hawkins (62) 



Matthew Martinez (82) 



Mervyn Dymaliy (80) 



Glenn Anderson (68) 



David Dreier (.80) 



Esteban Tones (82) 



Jerry Lewis (78) 



George Brown Jr (62) 



Alfred McCandless (82) 


Undecided (R) 



William Dannemeyer (78) 



Robert Bad ham (76) 



Bill Lowery (80) 



Daniel Lungren (78) 



Ronald Packard (82) 


Undecided (D) 



Duncan Hunter (SO) 




Patricia Schroeder (72) 

D David Skaggs (D) 



Ben Campbell (R) 



Hank Brown (80) 


R Jod Hefley (R) 



Daniel Schaefor (83) 

1 D Charles Hayes (83) 

2 D Gua Savage (80) 

3 D Martin Russo (74) 

4 R Jade Davis (R) 

5 D William Lipiuski (82) 

6 R Henry Hyde (74) 

7 D Cardiss Collins (73) 

8 D Dan Rostenkowsfci (58) 

9 D Sidney Yales (48) 

10 R John Prater (80) 

11 C( Frank Anoimzio (64) 

12 R Philip Crane (69) 

13 R Harris FaweD (84) 

14 R J. Dennis Hasten (R) 

15 R Edward Madigan (72)* 

16 R Lynn Martin (80) 

17 D Lane Evans (82) 

18 R Robert Michel (56) 

19 D Terry Brace (84) 

20 D Richard Durbin (82) 

21 Undecided (D) 

22 D Kenneth Gray (54) 

Ccuinne Boggs (73)* 
Wilbert Tauzin (80f 
Charles Roemer 10(80)* 
Thomas Huckaby (76)* 
Richard Baker (R)* 
James Hayes (D) 

8 S Clyde Holloway (D) 


1 D Joseph Brennan (R) 

2 R Olympia Snowe (78) 

5 R Trent Lott (72) 



20 R Joseph DioGuanJi (84) 

21 R Hamilton Ftsb Jr (68). 

22 R Benjamin Gilman (72) 

23 D Samuel Stratton (58)* 

24 R Gerald Solomon (78) 

25 R Sherwood BoehJert (82) . 
•26 R David Martin (80)*- 

27 Undecided (R) 

28 D Matthew McHugh (74) . 

29 R Frank Horton (62). .. ■ 

30 Underided (R) 

31 R Jack Kemp (70) 

32 D. John LaFaioe (74p 

33 D Henry Nowak (74)’ 

34 R Amory Hoagiaoo Jr (D) 

North Carolina 


1 R James QmBen (62) 

2 R John Duncan (64) 

3 D Marilyn Lloyd (74) 

4 D James Cooper (82)* 

5 D WiUsunJJmer (78) 

6 D Barton Gordon (84) 

-7 R DanaMSundquistt82) 

8 D Ed Jones (69) . 

9 D Harold Ford (74)* 


D William Clay (6S) 

R Jack Boedmcr (D) 

D Richard Gephardt (76) 

D Ike Skeiton (76)* 

D Alan Wheat (82) 

R E Thomas Coleman (76) 
R Gene Taylor (72) 

R William Emerson (80) 

D Harold Volkmer (76) 

D Roy Dyson (80) 

R Helen Bentley (84) 

D Benjamin Cardin (D) 
D Charles McMflka (R) 
D Stray Hoyer (81) 

D Beverly Byron (78) 

D Kwrisi Mfhme (D) 

8 R Constance MoreDa (D) 


I R Silvio Conte (58) 

D Edward Boland (52) 

DT Joseph Early (74)* 

D Barney Frank (80)* 

D Chester Atkins (84)* 

D Nicholas Mavroules (78J* 
D Edward Marfcey (76)* 

D Joseph Kennedy n (D) 


1 D Patrick Williams (78) 

2 Undecided (R) 


1 R Douglas Berenter (78) 

2 R Hal Daub (80) 

3 R Virginia Smith (74) 


1 D James BUbray (D) 

2 Undecided (R) 

New Hampshire 

1 R Roben Smith (84) 

2 R Judd Gregg (80) 

New Jersey 

D Waller Jones (66) 

D LT. Valentine (82) 

D FL Martin Lancaster (D) 
D David Price (R) 

D Stephen Neal (74) 
Undecided (R) 

D Charles Rose 111(72) 

D W,G. Hefner (74) 

R J. Alex McMillan (84) 

R Thomas BaDenger(R) 
Undecided (R) ' - 

North Dakota 

AL D Byron Doigan (80) 












D Thomas Luken (74) 

R WUKsGradison Jr(74) 
D Tony Hall (78) 

R Michael Oxley (81) 

R Delbert Cam (58) 

R Bob McEwen (80) 

R Michael DeWine (82T 

R Donald Lukens (R) 

D Marcia Kaptur (82) 


J D Jim Chapman (85)* 

2 D Charles Wilson (72) 

3 D Steve Bartlett (82)* 

4 D Ralph HaQ (80) 

5 D John Bryant (82) 

6 R Joe Barton (84) 

7 R Ml Archer (70) 

8 R JadcEdds<80) 

9 D Jack Brooks (52) 

10 D JJ. Pickle (63) 

11 D James Leath (78)* 

12 D James Wright Jr (54) 

13 R Elton Bean Boater (84) 

14 Undecided (R) 

15 D E. delaGarza (64)* 

16 D Ronald Coleman (82) 

17 D Charles Stenholm (78)* 

18 D George Ldand (78)* 

19 R Larry COmbest (84) 

20 D Henry Gonzalez (61)* 

21 R Lamar Smith (R) 

22 R Thomas DeLay (84) 

23 D Albert Bustamante (84J* 

24 D Martin Frost (78) 

25 D Michael Andrews (82f 

26 R Richard Armey (84) 

27 D Sotomon Ortiz (82>* 

10 R Clarence Miller (66) 

D James Fkaio (74) 

D William Hughes (74> 
Undecided (D) 

R Christopher Smith (80) 
R Margaret Roukema (80) 
Bernard Dwyer (80) 
Matthew Rinaldo (72) 
Robert Roe (69) 

Robert TorrinJIi (82) 
Peter Rodino (48)* 
Dean Gallo (84) 

12 R James Courier (78) 

13 R H. James Saxton (84) 

14 D Frank Guarini (78) 

D Dennis Eckarl (80) 

R John Kasich (82) 

D Donald Pease (76) 

D Thomas Sawyer (D) 

R Chalmers Wylie (66) 

R Ralph Regnla (72) 

D James Traficant Jr. (84) 
R Douglas Applegate (76)* 
D Edward Frighan (82) 

D Mary Rose Oakar (76) 

D Louis Stokes (68) 


S James Inhale (D) 

D MidEud Synar (78) 

D Wesley Watkins (76) 
D Dave McCurdy (80) 
R Marvin Edwards (76) 
D Glenn Enghsb (74)* 

New Mexico 

1 R Manuel Lujan Jr (68) 

2 R Joseph Skeen (80) 

3 D William Richardson (82) 

New York 



1 D Barbara Kcnnelly (82) 

2 D Samuel Gejdenson 180) 

3 D Brace Morrison (82) 

4 R Stewart McKinney (70) 

5 R John Rowland (841 

6 R Nancy Johnson (82) 


AL D Thomas Carper (82) 


! D Earl Hutto (78) 

2 D James Grant (DJ* 

3 D Charles Bennett (48)* 

4 D William Chappell (68J* 

5 R BUI McCollum (SOI* 

6 D Kenneth MacKay (82) 

7 D Sam Gibbons (62)* 

8 R C. W. Young (70f 

9 R MkfaacJ Bdirakzs (82) 

10 D Darid Hberabottnn (R) 

11 D Bill Nelson (SO) 

12 R Tom Lewis (82)* 

(3 R Connie Mack (82) 

14 D Daniel Mica (78) 

15 R E. Clay Shaw (80)* 

16 D Lawrence Smith t82V 

1 D Peter Visdosky (84) 

2 D Philip Sharp (74) 

3 D Thomas Ward (R) 

4 R Daniel Coats (80) 

5 D James Jflotz (S) 

6 ■ R Dan Barton (82) 

7 R John Myers (66) 

8 D Francis McOoskey (82) 

9 D Lee Hamilton (64) 

10 D Andrew Jacobs Jr (64) 


1 R Jim Leach (76) 

2 R Thomas Tauke (78) 

3 D David Nagle (R) 

4 D Neal Smith (58) 

5 R Jim Ughtfooi (84) 

6 R Frederick Grand? (D) 


( R Charles Roberts (80) 

2 D James Slattery (82) 

3 R Janice Meyers (84)* 

4 D Dan Glickman (76) 

5 R Roben Whittaker (78) 


1 D Carroll Hubbard Jr (74)* 

2 D William Natcber (53)* 

3 D Romano Mazzoli (70) 

4 R Jim Banning (R) 

5 R Harold Rogers (80)" 

6 R Larry Hopkins (78) 

7 D Cart Perkins (84) 

9 D John Moakley (72)* 

10 D Gerry Studds (72) 

11 D Brian Donnelly (78)* 


1 D John Conyers Jr (64) 

2 R Carl Pursdl (76) 

Howard Wolpe (78) 
Frederick Upton (R) 
Paul Henry (84) 

Robert Carr (74) 

Dale Kikke (76) 

Bob Trader (74) 

Guy Vander Jagt (66) 
Undecided (R) 

Robert Davis (78) 

David Bonier (76) 
George Crockett Jr (80) 
Dennis Hertel (80) 

D WUham Ford (64) 

D John Dinged (55) 

D Sander Levin (82) 

R William Broomfield (56) 


D Timothy Penny (82) 
Undecided (R) 

BIH Frenzel (70) 

Bruce Vento (76) 

Martin Sabo (78) 

Gerry Sikarski (82) 
Un d ecided (R) 

James Obenrar (74) 


































George Hochbrneckser (R) 
Thomas Downey (74) 
Robert Mrazek (82) 
Norman Lent (70) 
Raymond McGrath (80) 
Floyd Flake <D) 

Gary Ackerman (83V 
James Scfacncr (64)' 
Thomas Manton (84) 
Charles Schomer (80)' 
Eddpims Towns (82) . 
Major Owens (82) 

Straiten Solaxz (74) 

Guy Motinari (80) 

S. William Green (78) 
Charles Ranged (70)’ 
Theodore Weiss (76) 
Robert Garcia (78) 

Mario Bhggi (68) 1 



I R Robert Livingston (77T 

D Jamie Whitten (41) 

D A. Michael Espy (R) 

D G.V. Montgomery (66f 
D Wayne Dowdy (81) 

Mike Espy: 
miming in Mississippi. • 


1 D Les AnCoin (74) 

2 R Robert Smith (82) . . 

3 D Ronald Wyden (80) 

4 D Peter DeEszio(D) 

5 R Denny Smith (80) 


1 D Thomas Foglietra (80) 

2 D William Gray (7g)* 

3 D Robert Boraki (82) 

4 D Joseph Kotor (82) 

5 R Richard Schulze (.74) . 

6 D Gus Yatron (68) 

W. Cards Weldon (R) 
Peter Kostmayer (76) ; 
Bod Shuster (72)* " 
Joseph McDadd (62) 
paid Ksmjorslri (84) 

John Murtha (74) 
Lawrence Coughlin (68) 
William Coyne (80)* 
Donald Ritter (78) 

Robert Walker (76) 
George Gekas (82) 

Doug Wolgren (7 6}_ 
William- Goodling (74) 
Joseph Gaydos (68)* 
Austin Murphy (76T 
William Clinger (78) 

Rhode Island 

1 D Fernand St Germain (60) 

2 R Claudine Schneider (80) 

South Carolina 

1 R Arthur Ravend Jr <R) 

2 R Floyd Spence (70) 

3 D Butler Derrick (74) 

4 D Elizabeth Patterson (R) 

5 D John Spran Jr (82)* 

6 D Robert Tallon Jr (82) 

South Dakota 

AL D Tim Johnson (D) 















sStolskt Maryland victor. 


1 R James Hansen (80) 

2 D WipeOwB® 

3 R Howard Nidson (82) 


At R James Jeffords (74) 1 


l R Herbert Bateman (82) 

T-D Oirea Pickett (R) 

3 R Thomas Bliley Jr (80) 

4 D Norman Sisiaky (%Zf . 

;5 D W.C. Daniel (68T 

6 D James Olin (82) 

■ 7 R D. French Slaughter (S4>* 

8 R Stanford PanisC72> 
t 9 D Frederick Bondter (82)* 

10 R Frank Wolf (80) 


1 Undecided (R) 

2 D AJ Swift (78) 

.3 D Don Bonkek (74) 

4 R Sid Momson (.80) 

5 D Thomas Poky. (64) 

6 D Nonn Dicks (76) 

7 'D Mike Lowry (78) 

8 R JRod Chandler (82) 

West Virginia 

1 D Alan MoOohan (82)* 

2 D Harfey Staggers Jr (82) ■ 

3 D Robert Wise Jr (82) 

4 D Nick Joe Rahall II (76) 


1 D LesAspin(70) 

2 D Robert Kasummeier (58) 

3 R Steven Gunderson (80) 

4 D Gerald Kleaka (84)* 

5 D Jim Moody (82)* 

6 R Thomas Petri (79) 

7 D David Obey (69) 

8 R Toby Roth (78) 

9 R FJ. (78) 


AL -R Richard Cheney (78) 



Jeremiah Demon (SO) R 
Richard Sbetoy D 



Frank Mmfcowsld (W»R 

GksnOids • . . D 



John McCain B1 - K 

Richard Kimball I> 



Dale BmnperM74) D 

Asa Hutchin son ' R 



Aim Garmon D 

EdZscbzu R 


Timothy Wirth D 
Kenneth Kramer R 


Ne change 
Christopher Dodd (80)D 
Roger Eddy R 


Undecided - 
X> Robert Graham D 
Paula Hawkins (80) R 











Undecided 61% 

BrntaraMdcdMa D 308.776 

Linda Cham R 221.149 


Undented 53% 

C tot B WPtor BBnd . R 265,336 

Harriett Woods D 231528 


Undecided , 0% 

Junes Ssntiui R 0 

Harry Reid D 0 




New Hampshire 

Uodetided 50% 

. o 


5.7 57 

Wanes Rraftran (80) R 54.6(4 
Peabody _ D 27.077 


Undecided 20% 

AlfcMse D - Ammo (80) R 435.B71 
Mark Green D 308.456- 

North Carofina 

Undecided 40% 

Terry Sanford D 292 320 

James BroyfoUt 











Wycbc Fowler . D 
Mack Mauindy (80) R 




R 274435 

Nortit Dakota 


KeMComd D. 

Marie Aadtews (80) R 


iota Gfcaa Jr (74) D 
Thomas Kmdness - R 






Donald h&cldes (80) R 
James Jones D 





Daniel Inouyr (62) D 
Frank Hutch inson R 



Steve Symms (80) R 

John Evans D 



Alan Dixon (80) D 

Judy Koehler R 


J DanforthQuayie(80)R 
Jill Long D 



Charles Grassley (80) R 

John Roehridc D 



Robert Dnfc(dS) R 

Gay MacDonald D 


No change 
Wcndefi FonJ (74) D 

Jackson Andrews R 





Undeoded . 

Robert Padcwood (68) R 
Ririaml Bauman - D 
























John Breatn • r - ' ' D~ 
W Henson Moore. - R 





Arkn Specter (80) R 1.064.741 

Robert Edgar D 881,491 

South Carolina 

Undecided 45% 

Ernest Honings (66) D 201.845 

Henry McMnttr R 120,102 

South Dakota 

Undecided 1% 

Thomas DweMe D IjSBO 

James Abdnor(80) R ' 1.142 


Undecided 0% 

Edwin Gars (74) R 0 

Craig Oliver D 0 


Undecided 21% 

Patrick Leahy (74) J> 1643* 

Rkhaid SaeKmg R K023 



Sade Gorton (80) R 

Brock Adams D 


Undecided 3% 

Edward Garvey . D 28,413 

Robert Kasten Jr(80) R 19490 




Reagan gets a boost 
in race for governors 


Republican gain 

















‘ 66% 


No change 

Stephen Cowper 
A. Sturgulewa 


Republican gain 
Evan Medtam . R 
Carolyn Warner D 


No change 
WBfiam CBaSoa (78) D 
Frank While R 


No change 

G- DeskSKpan (82) R 
Thomas Btadley , D 


No change • 

Boy Rainer . -1>. 

TedStridcbmd • R 


No change .. 

WlIEnOT4«hl(8(Q D 
Julie Befoga^,: '■ R. 


Republican gain 99% 

Bob Martinez - S 1,758,765 

Sieve Pajdc , D 1,482323 


No change . 98% 

Joe Frank Harris (82) D 794,189 
Guy Davis jr > R 335.863 









Nodiange 81% 

Rudolph Pnpidi(82) D <65,739 
Cal Ludeman R 493363 

Nebraska _ 

Republican gain 97% 

Kay Orr R 284547 

Hdea Boosatii • D 255.923 

Nevada _ 

No chang: ' 92% 

Itidiard Bryan (82) D 170585 
Patricia Cafferata R 59,073 

New Hampshire 

No change 100% 

JohaSenaB(8Z) R 134574 
. Paul McEacbcm D 116,154 

New Mexico . 

Republican gain 97% 

GanvyCamtibas R 202541 
.Ray PoweO D 179548 

New York 

Nochange 98% 

Marie Canrae (82) J> 2583532 
Andrew O'Rourke R 1336.945 

Ohio . 

No change 99% 

Sidnurd Celeste (82) D 155U54 
James Rhodes R 1,203,113 


Republican gain 93% 

Henry Beflmon R 387,701 

David Walteis < D 363571 . 


■ Democrat gain 78% 


John Waihce D 

D.G. Anderson R 


No change 

Cedi Andras ■ ' D 
David Leroy R 


No change 

James Thompson tffl) R 







A. Stevenson m 


No change 





Ndl Goldschmidt D 371^60 

N.G. Paulus R 341,162 


Democrat gain 99% . 

Robert Casey D 1,701472 

W. Scranton EH R 1,628,110 

Rhode Island 

No change 99% 

Ed ward DCPrete (84) R 20340* 

Bruce Sundfnni D 101,025 

South Carolina 

Republican gain 97% 

C. Campbell jr R 367.776 

Mike Dankl D 347412 

South Dakota 

No change 91% 

Lowefl Jmridns 


Republican gain 

John Hayden 


Republican gain 


JofaaMeKecanjr ; R 131^122 

James Tierney J5 102^77. 




Wflliam Schaefer ' D •" 876^577 
Thomas Mooney R 189484 


No change 89% 

IVOdrid Drduulris (74)D 98&ft05 

George Kariotis R 442^843' 


No change ■ 



•v 1 






Crstje Miebbos 


135.955 - T 



R. Lars Herseih 


127.461 v 



Democrat gain 

- A 

100% . • '* 



NJL McWhorter 





Winfiekl Dona 




James Bkachard (82)D 1.459330 
WiDjamLwas • R 669444 


Republican gain 
W. dementi jr R 1.731,716 
Mark White jr (82) D 1.515.441 


No change 

Madeleine Kmrfn (84) D 85492 

Peter Smith R 6S.799 


Republican gain 

Aatbcmy Earl (82) D 6874*5- 

-T. Thompson _ ; R 777,706 • 


No change 97% 

JvmeScdfiraa D 85316 

Peter Simpson R 72346. 



Lame duck President 


• Foreign Policy setback 


rs up . 

Disenchanted voters 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Presideni Reagan may be talks with the Russians or in > 
ie pf the most popular the burning issue of trade ii 

thic omiimi — 3 _ • . . . _ 11 


one. pf the most popular 
presidents this century, but 
Rcaganism has clearly lost its 

M Voters' rejection of Repub- 
lican candidates in nine slates, 
with a consoling victory for 
ihe party in only Missouri, 
came despite Mr Reagan's 
intensive campaigning in 13 
marginal states and his emo- 
tional plea for a free hand to 
complete his final two years in 

It is a bitter personal blow 
and one that, willy-nilly, now 
makes him a lame dudL 

The President had tried to 
make the election a referen- 
dum on his record and on 
national issues — the econ- 
omy, arms control, the Iceland 

But the candidates con- 
centrated on local issues, and 
the voters were swayed by the 
strength of individual can- 
didates as well as regional 
concerns: the crisis on the 
Jarms, or the loss of jobs to 
Jfcreign imports. Party labels 
played little pan. As many 
predicted, Mr Reagan had 
short coat-tails. 

The political implications 
of the dramatic Democratic 
gains are many. With both 
houses of Congress now con- 
trolled by the opposition, it 
will be harder for the Presi- 
dent to control the political 

He will face suffer opposi- 
tion to his defence build-up, 
and especially to his Strategic 
Defence Initiative on space 
weapons. He will run into 
more sustained criticism of his 
handling of the main foreign 
policy issues, particularly 
Central America. South Africa 
and arms control. 
m And he will be thwarted in 
Mis plan to reduce the deficit 
by cutting spending without 
raising taxes. 

He will find it harder to gel 
Senate confirmation of his 
appointees, especially in the 
judiciary. And he will have to 
use his veto more often. 

Mr Reagan has insisted he 
will not be daunted. “The 
goals themselves will not 
change. Jt could be tougher, 
but it won't alter the agenda,” 
his. spokesman, Mr Larry 
Speaker said yesterday. 

A pragmatist and a skilful 
political operator. Mr Reagan 
wifi seek to get his way with 
bvt-minuie deals 2nd com- 
promises. He will make 
unihibited use of his national 
popularity, with frequent tele- 
Jsion appeals over the heads 

He will concentrate more on 
the areas where he can build 
consensus - in persuing arms 

protectionism to halt the flood 

of imports. 

But for the Democrats, the 
Senate victory is not an un- 
mixed blessing. Indeed many 
strategists have given a warp- 
ing that it could make a 
Democratic win in the 1988 
presidential election more 
difficult, especially if the party 
is seen as obstructionist 
blocking effective government 
in Washington and refusing to 
rise above partisan politics on 
the main domestic and foreign 

Saddled with the respon- 
sibility of shaping the Senate's 
agenda and priorities, the 
Democrats have to avoid 
being blamed by Mr Reagan 
for any and every setback. 

They fully realize the dan- 
gers. **I would hope we would 
not see a fortress White House 
that feels it is under siege,” 
said Senator Robert Byrd of 
West Virginia, who is ex- 
pected to take over as Senate 
majority leader as he was 
before 1980. “We Democrats 

New York has built on his 
impressive reputation with an 
overwhelming victory in his 
home state, and emerges as a 
likely front-runner for the 

However, former Senator 
Gary Hart has also been 
identified by television polls 
as a still popular figure with 
national exposure. He was 
helped by the fact that his 
handpicked successor, Gov- 
ernor Tint Wirtfa, scraped into 
the Senate for the Democrats 
in Colorado despite tough 
opposition from Mr Ken 

The Republicans Vice- 
President, Mr George Bush, 
has put himself even further 
ahead. He was spared the 
embarrassment of a 50-50 tie 
in the Senate, which would 
have kept him captive in 
Washington to deliver the tie- 
breaking votes. But Senator 
Robert Dole, the majority 
leader until last Tuesday, has 
seen his chances dim, as his 
power on Capitol Hill is 

And former Senator Paul 
Laxalu a close friend of Mr 
Reagan who had considered 
running if a Republican suc- 
ceeded him in Nevada, has 
also suffered a setback with 
the Democratic win, and may 
now not enter the presidential 

h* i: 

Mr Joseph Kennedy, representative elect, thanking his supporters after winning the election in Boston. The Democrats s«ep: *y 

The House 



Washington — Democrats 
increased their large majority 
in the 435-member House of 
Representatives, gaining from 
five to seven new seats in 
elections which heavily fa- 

The Senate 



cKUnno rnuiu uwuj 

Mr Jack Kemp, the New vnnred incumbents, colourful 
York state congressman, had personalities, and local issues 
to spend a vast amount of (Bailey Morris writes). 

•MAVimi isIT A tAlinflOl* A. f M 

Jack Kemp: spent vast sum 
to beat off his challenger. 

feel that for the good of the 
country we all want to co- 

Nevertheless, in the words 
of Mr Thomas O'Neill the 
Speaker who has just retired, 
“if there was a Reagan revolu- 
tion, it’s over” The Pres- 
ident's ideological supporters 
on the right will be dis- 

He will be emboldened to 
pay less attention to those on 

money to beat off a tougher Although up to five races 
challenge than expected. But were still undecided yesterday, 
polls still put him low on the H was dear that Democrats 
Republican list of contenders, would continue their 32-year 
The turnout yesterday was reign over the fractious House 
lower than expect ed/ai about with ample margins. The final' 
only 38 per cent tally was expected to take 

However, one-in-three of another 24 hoars 
the growing Hispanic comrau- got the final cot 
nity went to the polls. Many ;ng to projecHoa 
Americans are now asking television network] 
whether the election cam- party headquarters 
paign, widely denounced as tfe Democrats a n 
too trivial, too negative and fire new seats 
too dominated by television, current margin of : 
has set a dangerous pattern One projection gai 
that seems to preclude serious erotic advantage oi 
discussion of the issues, while to 175 seats for Rej 
alienating voters. The margin of 1 

Despite internal squabbles slightly below earl 
and an apparent loss of ideo- dong that the Demo 
logical direction, the Demo- take as many as 1 
crats have pulled together and new ^ts jjj the 

his right — who have long still appear capable of a na- 
aeted like the keepers of his licraaUy cohesive campaign. In 

Bat the final count, accord- 
ing to projections by the 
television networks and both 
party headquarters, would give 
the Democrats a minimum of 
five new seats over their 
current margin of 253 to 182. 
One projection gave a Demo- 
cratic advantage of 268 seats 
to 175 seats for Republicans. 

The margin of victory was 
slightly below earlier projec- 
tions that the Democrats could 
take as many as eight to 10 
new seats In the changing 
House. Forty-three members 

conscience — by the poor the process many have shown 
showing of all candidates sup- themselves — especially from 

lionally cohesive campaign. In either chose to retire or lost 
the process many have shown their primary races. 

*hnmi«Aliiap noruamufUr (rrtnrt a . a 

ported by the for right and by 
foe Christian fundamentalists. 

the south — to be almost as 
conservative as the Repub- 

The election has important licans they ousted, 
implications for 1988. Some The first six years of Presi- 
poteotial contenders for the dent Reagan's office have 
White House have had their clearly changed the framework 
positions strengthened, wh- of foe political debate. How 
ereas others are now at a much further influence he will 


have in his final two years 

Governor Mario Cuomo of remains to be seen. 

The Winners 

Landslide Texan leader set 
to fill ‘Tip’ O’Neill’s shoes 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

Inevitably, the mid-term 
US elections produce some 
high dramas in the turnover of 
old and new faces, the slrug- 
▼gles between black and white 
candidates, the winners awl 
losers of Presideni Reagan's 
last campaign. 

James Wright of Texas, foe 
House Majority Leader and a 
born-again populist. was a big 
winner in Tuesday's election. 
Rc-clecttfd by a landslide, he is 
unchallenged in his bid to 
become ihe 4$th Speaker of 
the US House, succeeding Mr 
Thomas "Tip " O’Neill, who is 
retiring. JkI . 

The bushy-brotved Mr w n- 
fo? is in line to control a vast 
political fiefdom of committee 
chairmen, doorkeepers, pages 
and party officials. In sharp 
centres! "to the gruff style of 
.Mr O'Neill, foe Texas Demo- 
crat is regarded as something 
of an crjior. in the silver- 
wmneued tradition of the prsi- 

Among the retiring mem- 
bos was the Howe Speaker. 
Mr Thomas “Tip” O’Neill, 
who has been titular head of 
his party for the past six years 
and President Reagan’s chief 
political antagonist. 

His exit sets the stage for a 
top-to-bottom change in the 
House leadership when the 
100th Congress convenes in 

Mt James Wright of Texas, 
the House majority leader, is 
ancon tested for the job of 
Speaker. He is expected to be 
replaced as majority leader by 
Mr Thomas S. Foley, the 
current majority Whip, who 
easily won re-election in 
Washington State. A tight 
race is developing for the 
Whip’s job between Mr 
Charles B. Rangel, a veteran 
black Congressman from New 
York, and Mr Tony Coelho of 
California, a member of the 
younger wing of the party who 
gamed national recognition for 
bis record food-raising results 
ob behalf of the Democrats- 

In sharp contrast to the 
Senate, there were no unifying 
themes to explain the House 
results other than general 
voter unease over the economy, 
which showed ap is exit polls. 
But in the House, these senti- 
ments tended to favour incum- 
bents, regardless of party, who 
were able to deliver important 
services to their constituents. 
The allure of the “pork- 
barrel” issues — new roads, 
medical benefits, student loans 
— was strong. 

Among the colonial per- 

From Christopher Thomas 

Control of the Senate, the 
jewel of foe mid-term elec- 
tions, fell to foe Democrats in 
a severe setback to President 
Reagan's legislative program- 
me during his final two years 
in office. The defeat has 
immense implications for his 
foreign policies and defence 

The Democrats had a gain 
of eight seats, giving them a 55 
to 45 majority, a landslide foal 
had not been anticipated even 
in the most gloomy Repub- 
lican projections. Most of the 
Republican casualties were 
newcomers who arrived with 
the Reagan landslide six years 
ago, “one-term wonders” as 
they are known. 

Democrats defeated Repub- 
lican senators in Ftorida, Ala- 
bama, North Carolina, South 
Dakota, North Dakota. Mary- 
land. Nevada, Washington 
State and Georgia. Only in 
Missouri did foe Republicans 
knock out a sitting Democrat. 

The defeat wul lead to 
intensive Congressional scru- 
tiny of Mr Reagan's military 
build-up and foe possibility of 
sweeping cuts in his contro- 
versial Star Wars initiative. 

His relentless appointment 
of conservative judges to the 
federal bench, which hai al- 
ready done much to change 
the ideological shape of the 
judiciary, will be abruptly 

His policies on amts control 
will come under closer con- 
gressional examination. And 
programmes like his backing 
of the Nicaraguan Contras, an 
unpopular policy throughout 
foe country, could be en- 
dangered. Senator Robert 
Dole, foe Republican leader, 
said: “I expected to lose but 
not by this margin. It's going 
to be difficult for the 

The ideological shape of the 
new senate will be determined 
principally by which Demo- 
crats head the key committees, 
when Congress returns in 

The Armed Services Com- 
mittee will go to Senator Sam 
Nunn, a Conservative from 
Georgia who has misgivings 
about Star Wars, but is gen- 
erally hawkish on defence. 
That would not upset Mr 
Reagan unduly. 

The appropriations com- 
mittee will go to another 
Southern conservative. Sen- 
ator John Stennis of Mis- 
sissippi. at 85 the elder 
statesman of foe Senate. 

The favourite to lake over 
the powerful Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee. Senator 
Claiborne Pell, of Rhode Is- 
land, is an old style liberal who 
rejects further aid to the 
Nicaraguan Contras. How- 
ever. he is staunchly anti- 
communist and Mr Reagan 
might find ways of working 
with him. 

Nevertheless, it will mean 
that Democrats will push their 
own foreign policies rather 
than simply following foe 
agenda set down by President 
Reagan, as happened under 
foe chairmanship of Senator 
Richard Lugar. 

The committee could easily 
become paralysed by ideologi- 
cal fights with foe White 
House if it embarks on liberal 

Senator Edward Kennedy, 
foe symbol of everything Mr 
Reagan opposes, is in line for 
either the judiciary commit- 

L. S'pvj- L ». ' 


will go io Senator Patrick 
Leahy of Vermont, e 
and sharp critic of r.ea.::.; 
farm policies. He wifi press ft-" 
greater farm expons and fzrr 

Co nser v at i v e »ou > r . : “ “■ 
Democrats will be a: foe 
of the budget committee. The 
finance committee will gc »o 
Senator Lloyd Bentsen o; 
Texas, who favours a herder 
line against foreign c\k,t. 
subsidies. The intelligence 
committee will be taker :* er 
by Senator David Bcrer o* 
Oklahoma, a 

The triumph of Democrats 
in North and South DaLc-is 
demonstrated an$e r in 
farm belt over Mr Reagans 
agricultural policies. 

In North Carolina an t. ten- 
sive Republican cantttujr. 
failed to halt victory 'ey 
Terry Sanford, a termer tr- 
emor, who had beer, oat 
politics for 20 years. 

The Democratic vjc;o“. 
Nevada is a blow to ;>„* 
presidential ambitions of !• 1: 
Paul Lotah. the fnrro: 
Republican incumbent, "-ho 
retired to pursue his ‘.Vh’:e 
House eamparen. 

The triumph of Si*s:-r 
Alan Cranston, a liberal. :r. 
California, to on unr-rc in- 
dented fourth term rs es- 
pecially sweet to Democrats :r. 
view of personal attacks by V r 

The Colorado rare wt* al- 
most a dead heat. witr. Mr 
Tim Worth, s >:beni_D'..r.v- 
cral squeezing home. :lv. v-L 
was h’eli bv M 1 - Gary Hen. 

ice. which can block judicial who stepped down w 
appointments or foe labour his presidential amboiorf. 

committee which oversees so- 
cial programmes. Both are 
important positions, currently- 
held by conservatives in the 
Reagan mould. 

The agriculture committee, 
headed by Senator Jesse 
Helms, an arch-conservative. 

The Governors 

String of victorie 
beleaguered Re 

^ somlhies who ran with mixed of ordinary people than any 

, Mr O'Neill, foe Texas Demo- *.*-*«; Tone Fonda boating hex husband Tom Hayden, who results were two children of changes in Congress, 

t.-rat is regarded as something ^ ^ the CafiftHTiia Assembly, at a victory the late Senator Robert Ken- Republicans made a his- 

(.>!' an crjior. in the silver- naitvfortbe “&nti-tuxks initiative”. nedy, two actors, three well- lone gam in Alabama, where 

’nncued tradition of the prai- ^ known athletes, and one of they won control of the “heart 

ric preachers who stomped the U te to her ailing father in a plays Gopher imifo u? teievi- famous femi- of "Dixie" for foe first time 

du-t bo«!s during foe Great nursing home. Id an emotion- sums uw Bom senes and AbzugofNew since the Civil War. Mr Guy 

Depression. al acceptance speech, she said: launched an ettective cam- York, who lost in her bid to Hum beat Lieutenant-Gov- 

Anoiher big winner was Mr “l know you are watching.- paign regain a House seat. emor Bill Baxley, who ran 

The impressive string of 
victories by Republicans in 
the governors* races across foe 
country was the one bright 
spot for the embattled party. 

Indeed- foe capture of 10 
state capitals, though less than 
hoped, is of considerable long- 
term importance, and may do 
more to bring the R e a g an 
revolution into foe daily lives 
of ordinary people than any 
changes in Congress. 

Republicans made a his- 
toric gain in Alabama, where 
they won control of the “heart 


Another big winner was Mr 
J*wph Kennedy the second. 
50H of the iatc Senator Robert 

Kerned*, who won the s£2t_ 
vacated b\ Mr O’Neill of 
Massachusetts. The same seat, 
in foe shadow of Harvard 
t:»i*,T«=M* in Cambridge, 
launched the political career 
of ins late uncle. President 
John F Kenned}. His saner. 

y r 5 fcihton Kennedy Tow- 
rwenti was uusuccessiu! in her 
miid’.n political run for a seat 
hc ; j veteran Republic 
<>neros-*afi-<an Helen Bent- 
-T) ‘.ihnic Baltimore. Un- 
dijR'.ec. Mrs Townsend pro- 
that m;s was only foe 
ns-nnins as her supporters 
t h j nicd. '“we Will be back in 


?Hj* \fiss Barbara MikulskJ, 
inc Jssutfoier ora Polish grocer 
Irym eSs: Baltimore, was suc- 
in her bid to become 
ft r*t Democratic woman 

io :;v cii.-: ted to ‘he l S Senate 
ir. Xr v«n r/ghl 

r«. ,M'SS MikulbSit- 

foe" Maryland 
-ied-Aurkcri and 

al acceptance speech, she said: 
*i know you are watching.- 
This is your daughter who is 
the new Senator from Mary- 
land. Only in America could 
this happen." 

In the heart of Dixie, an Old- 
South stronghold in Mississip- 
pi. voters elected Mr Mike Es- 
py. the first black 
congressman since 

Reconstruction. Bui in nearby 
Louisiana Miss Faye Wil- 
liams. a black DemocraL was 

Athletes scored wefl. largely 
due to foeir high profiles, 
marked by legions of fans de- 
manding autographs during 
the long campaign. Mr Jim 
Bunning, a major league base- 
ball star, won handily as a 
Republican from Kentucky 
while Mr Tom McMiUen. a 
professional basketball player 
who stands almost seven feet 
tall, was narrowly declard the 
victor fora Ctemocratic seat in 
Maryland. . . 

Despite accusations that he 
was a “carpet-bagger** who 
had almost no ties to his nat- 
ive Iowa. Mr Fred G randy, a 
popular actor., won easily. He 

Mikulski leads the women 

Washington (AP) — Demo- 
crat Barbara Mikulski won 

her Senate race in Maryland 

With 84 per cent of the 
Florida * ote counted. Hawkins 
had 46 per cent compared to 

on Taesday bed the number of 55 per cent for Governor Boh 
women in the Senate remained Graham. 

foe same when Republican 
Paula Hawkins was not re- 
efected in Florida. 

Another female Senate can- 
didate Democratic Lieutenant- 
Governor Harriett Woods of 
Missouri, narrowly lost to 
former Governor, Christopher 
Bond, in their race to succeed 
retiring Democratic Senator 
Thomas Eagktou. 

The nation gained a new 
female Governor in Nebraska, 
where Republican State Trea- 
surer, Kay Orr, defeated for- 
mer Lincoln Mayor, Helen 
Boosalis, a Democrat, in the 
first woman versus woman US 
gubernatorial race. With 74 
per cent of foe tote counted, 
Orr had 51 per cent to 49 per 
cent lor Boosalis. 

Six women sought five Sen- 
ate seats and 129 women 
contested congressional or 
statewide offices. 

Women were major party 
candidates in 64 of the 435 
House contests. Eight women 
were major party nominees for 
governor, 11 tried for lieuten- 
ant-governor spots, and a 
smattering vied for other state- 
wide seats. 

The Women’s Campaign 
Fund counted some 1,800 
women running for state leg- 
islatures, compared to 1,756 in 
foe 1984 elections. 

Mikulski won a big victory 
in Maryland, obtaining 61 per 
ceoti c omp ared to the 39 per 
cent of Republican hopeful 
Linda Chavez, with 99 per cent 
of the vote in. 

Chavez, who during the 
bitter anti-feminist campaign 
had called Mikulski “anti- 
male*’, said on Tuesday night 
that her opponent “ran a very- 
good and very smart cam- 

Mikulski, claiming victory 
and thanking her family, said 
her father was too ill to attend 
the celebration. 

Fund spokeswoman, Celin- 
d& Lake, heralded foe Mikul- 
ski victorv as “an historic 

tn high-profile House con- 
tests, former Democratic Rep- 
resentative, Bella Ahzng, lost 
In her comeback attempt 
against incumbent Represent- 
ative, Joseph DioGnardi, 

In Vermont with 70 per cent 
of the vote counted in the 
contest for governor. Governor 
Madeleine Kunin led chal- 
lengers Peter Smith and in- 
dependent Burlington Mayor, 
Bernard Sanders, 

From Michael Binyoo. Washington 

jf with the backing of Governor 
n George Wallace, the once a 
ie notorious segregationist who ? 
U retired after four terms. The l 
change put a symbolic end io v 
0 his era. J 

n In Florida they also scored t 
®- an upset victory, where a 
lo Hispanic American. Mr Bob 1 
in Martinez, beat Mr Steve s 
3 Pajcic, dashing Democratic f 
iv hopes bolstered by the defeat [ 
of the Republican Senator o 
s- Paula Hawkins. The Rcpub- 1 
re lican gain by a former mayor g 
rt of Tampa shows the strength c 
ie of the fiercely anti-communist P 
iv Cuban community. c 

v- In Arizona a Republican car F 
tn dealer. Mr Evan Mechamn. v 
won in a three-way race over i 
Dem«xrat Ms Carolyn War- f 
ner. a school superintendent, e 
This deeply conservative si- 
te ate. formerly represented in s 
:p ihe Senate by Mr Barry Gold- n 
f* water, had been governed by a 
W leading moderate Democrat, p 
7 Mr Bruce Babbitt, who has c 
“* presidential ambitions of his f 
own. h 

7 One of the biggest victories a 
id also came in Texas, a vital I: 
d souihem state, when Mr Bill v 
Clements, a 69-year-old oil- 
*- man. staged a comeback. ( 
f- throwing out of office Gov- 
te emor Mark White, t'ne Demo- r 

crai who defeated him four 
vears ago. 

Mr White appears io have 
suffered from the disastrous 

slump in oil prices which has easy victory. 

badly hurt the Lone Star state. 
The race was one of the most 
bitter and controversial in the 
country, with mud-slinging 
television advertisements por- 
traying Mr Clements as an 
insensitive loud-mouih. and 
Mr White as a free-spendins 

Ir. the :?rsi 
between «crr,zn. *.•: 
a Rcpubiiwq. biz: M. 
Boosalis. .t iom -jr : 
Lincoln. Ard ;;v: 
Demcc zi •’■orv * 'l.\ 
of Vermcn!. >:r • 
Kunin. tended off a 
from her t 1 ’- si. 

T :*c».c'ay 
site." h-.r 

. - . 

The South did no*, detect to 
Republicans e»/ irrosrc. 
the Republican wc.ory ^ 
Missouri. Talk o: early - :r- 
damental realignment frem 
Dixie's historical assoc-aix- 
with the Democrats :or i=:e 
time being dead. 

p Tl ° 



The swe^n of s-.ate Oi- t- 
also included the capiur? of 
New Mexico. Qk'-r.o 7 " : 
Kansas and forec Cither ? 
where there were tizsv. n:c r 
Maine. Wisconsin ar i S 

That gave the RepuoiKar. 
10 gains. Bui the ah: 

suffered three big ! osset: :r> 
Pennsylvania, •• ’■'ere . 
Democrat. Mr Roper- Case;., 
defeated Mr William 
111. the son of a foniv.- 
go-, emor and prexideraiai e: 
didaic: in Oregon, when. r.ff 
Neil GoldschmitiL a Demo- 
crat. beat Ms Norma .iear. 
Paulus: and ir 
where a Democrat captured 
foe state fonrcri: held b;. ;he 
popular Republican. Gov- 
ernor Lamar -Me\a: dcr. 

In the nation's tv. < 5; 

stales there was. us c .?<■: ei 
no change. 

Governor Man-? Cuto -i' 
New York, a sc pa!;- Deo- - 
cretic incumbent anti Possibii 
presidential non-inei. 
home to \'vtor. -ner . ,r 
anurew O'Ro’J'-.:. ^ 
liean who hue Sittle chance 
victor? . 

in Oiiiorma Go’cr-. ,r 
George Deiikmejian. a Stsup- 
lieuu. succr*?fu!iy 'ended 0 
renew ed ci.aiicr.g-' from. M - 
or Tom Sradicy of Lc i : -r.- 
gelei. And in 

Governor Michae? DuksJ »?. .1 
wdt-likfC DeTiC'CT-V:. ~ 'IT. 

o.n.fc a <r 













France seeks EEC 

help in sheep war 

Paris — The French Government has asked the 
European Commission to help French sheep farmers hi aa 
attempt to end the month-old sheep war between Britain 
and France (Diana Geddes writes). 

French (annas are threatening more road blocks and to 
hijack more British lorries unless an immediate solution is 
found to the problem of faffing sbeepmeat prices in France. 

The EEC sbeepmeat management committee is doe to 
jamming the French Governmat’s request for immediate 
short-term aid for die farmers at the end of this week. It 
will aim consider advancing the date fir renegotiating the 
EEC sbeepmeat support regime, which is deemed to favour 

French formers r^»ph"» that since die present EEC 
regime ame into force six years ago, imports of British 
mutton have risen by 87 per cart, doubling the French 
sbeepmeat trade deficit to a total of billion francs 

Libya link Gurkha 

concern protest 

Nairobi — Mr Chester 
Crocker, the American 
Assistant Secretary of 
State for Africa, yesterday 
said the US was concerned 
about links between the 
Sudan and Libya (Charles 
Harrison writes). 

“We are concerned 
wherever the Libyans mis- 
behave beyond their boun- 
daries. We have expressed 
oar views very directly to 
the Sudan,** he said. 

Delhi (Reuter) - India’s 
leading opposition groups 
s to r med oat of Parliament 
yesterday as a row erupted 
over remarks by Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, tike Prime Min- 
ister, on the Gurkha cam- 
paign for a homeland in 
West Bengal. 

The protest followed a 
refusal by the Speaker of 
the Lok Sabfaa, the lower 
house, to allow a debate os 
Mr GaudhTs remarks. 

Basques held 

Madrid — The Spanish Interior Ministry yesterday 
praised collaboration against terrorism by the French 
police alter a raid at Hendaye, just across the frontier, 
winch led to the detention of 30 people, several of them 
Spanish Basques suspected of haring ETA connections 
(Richard Wigg writes). The action came just before today’s 
visit to Mam by M Jacques Chirac, the French Prime 
Minister, who riH have talks, in which terrorism will 
feature heavily, with Seftor Felipe Gonzalez, his Spanish 
opposite number. 

The French police fotmd arms, explosives, police 
uniforms and mere than £100,000 in foreign currencies. 
Seven people were being questioned yesterday. 

The raid was announced jointly by die French and 
S panish deputy interior ministers at a meeting of foe 
Comal of Europe in Strasbourg. 

Western governments on defensive 


scores m 
war for minds 

From Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent, Vienna 

The snuggle for European 
hearts and minds in the 
aftermath of the Reykjavik 
summit yesterday took an- 
other turn for foe worst. 

A speech by Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister, threw Western 
governments, and particularly 
Britain and France, on to the 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of 

State, foiled to 
redress the balance when be 
spoke soon after Mr Shevard- 
nadze ad foe European Con- 
ference on Seouity and Co- 
operation in Vienna. 

Western diplomats com- 
mented that although . the facts 
had not changed, foe Soviet 
Union had again shown itself 
more adroit in public rela- 
tions. One official spokesman, 
protested at the gullibility of 
Western newsmen who thou- 
ght Mr Shevardnadze had 
made fair points. 

In an argument certain to 
carry broad appeal, Mr 
Shevardnadze said Nato had 
calculated that foe Kremlin 
would never accept foe reten- 
tion of British and French 
deterrents as a condition for a 
deal to rid Europe of inter- 
mediate range nuclear (INF) 

He told foreign ministers of 
the 35-nation forum: “Now, 
when we have generously 
made a bold and, for foe US, 
somewhat risky concession, 
we are being presented with a 
modern version- of the comedy 
Much Ado About Nothing. 

“In other words, they were 
bluffing. Are our missiles in 
Europe a threat while theirs 

are just an assortment of 
chocolates from a fancy box? 
. It is regrettable that some 
political leaders are not pre- 
pared to think in terms of a 
nuclear-free Europe.” 

- Government sources poin- 
ted out that foe speech 
skilfully exploited public con- 
fusion between two main 
strands of disarmament pol- 
icy. It was vital to distinguish 
between the search for a deal 
on INF alone and the more 
ambitious Reykjavik proposal 
for a nuclear-free world. 

- The British Government 
conditions for the former woe 
retention of Polaris/Trident, a 
deal coverira INF in Asa and 
provision for reduction of 
short range missiles. 

Britain and most other. West 
European governments be- 
lieve conditions exist for a 
deal, but foe Soviet Union has 
blocked foe path by linking it 
to Star Wars, foe Strategic 
Defence Iniative (SDI). 

The second strand of British 
policy covers the conditions 
for foe Reykjavik proposals. 
The Government could accept 
any cut in strategic weapons 
up to 50 per cent without 
making it conditional on 
troop cots. 

Mr Shultz’s speech did not 
directly answer Mr Shevard- 
nadze's points. Explaining 
American refusal to abandon 
Star Wars, he said: “This we 
cannot accept The West 
needs a vigorous SDI pro- 
gramme as permitted by foe 
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, 
both as an investment in and 
insurance fora safer and more 
stable strategic balance.” 

Pretoria Cabinet 

From Michael Hornsby. 

Mr Shultz, the US Secretary of State* speaking in Vienna. 

Genscher apologizes 

Vienna — Hot Hans- 
Dietrkh -Genscher,' the West 
German Foreign Minister, has 
apologized to Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, his Soviet 
counterpart, over a gaffe by 
Chancellor Kohl of West Ger- 
many (Andrew McEwen 

An analogy between Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sov- 
iet leader, and Dr Geebbds, 

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. The Cabinet" ^reshuffle - an- 
nounced on Tuesday by Presi- 
dent Botha of South Africa, 
foiled yesterday to imp ress ins 
political opponents as presag- 
ing any significant ch a n ge m 
style or policy, except possibly 
towards even greater 
authoritarianism. - 

The generally pro-Govem- 
ment Afrikaans press was 
broadly sympathetic, wel- 
coming what it saw as a 
. streamlining of the Cabinet 
and foe promotion of younger 
men, text E n glish langur®: 
n ewsp a pers and opposition 

pftTtipg Aicmicwf it. 

- MrCofinEglni. the leader of 
the Progressive Federal Party 
(PFPX said the new Cabinet 
did not inspire confidence foal 
it would be able “to break o«t 
of the political log-jam". . 

Mr Botha, be said, had 
“missed a golden opportunity 
of re-vita2mng a jaded Cabi- 
net vwfo some new Wood fixm» 
outside” — a r e fe rence to the 
President’s failure to appoint 
top businessmen to foe 
inet or to increase foe 

die Nazi 
attributed to foe < 
an American ! 
a rift between Moscow an i 
Bosh. The Kremfin cancrifcd 
two visits to Moscow by senior 
West German officials. 

After a two-hour 
between the foreign ministers 
ia Vienna, Herr Genscher said 
his impression was foe in- 
cident would sot burden rela- 
tions further. 

number or responsibilities of 
its Indian and Coloured 
(mixed-race) members. 

Mr Botha is to meet 200 top 
businessmen in Pretoria to- 
morrow to discuss the eco- 
nomic and political future of 
foe .country, and it had been 
speculated that he mightbave 
made a gesture by appmntmg 
some outsiders with business 
expertise to Catenet posts. 

The business c on fe ren ce is 
iready bring dismissed in 
some qu a r tet s as a waste of 

time and a number of leading, 
businessmen have announced 
foal they viB oat be able to 
attend because of engage’ 
mesas abroad • 

They adade Mr Gavin 
Refry. the chairman of foe 
Anglo American Corporation, 
Mr Tony SIoobl chairman of 
foe Premier Group, berth lead- 
ing advocates of faster politi- 
cal change. and Mr Sam Mot- 
suenyane. the President of foe 
National African Federated 
Chambers of Conunoce. 

Two aspects of foe Catenet 
chartgcs that have aroused in- 
terest are the concentration of 
foe Government's propagan- 
da apparatus under President 
Botha’s direct control, and foe 
re-structuring of the economic 
mini s tri es into a single depart- 
meuLRcspoosibility for the 
South African Broadcasting 
Corporation has been trans- 
ferred from foe Foreign Min- 
istry to foe President's Office, 
which also controls the 
Information Department sod 
the Bureau for Information. 

-The new head of foe In- 
formation Department, ans- 
wering. directly to President 
Botha and with the rank of a 
deputy minister, is Mr Stofiel 
Van Der Mem. a backbench 
MP of the rating National 
forty with, b>‘ South African 
s t andar ds, a relatively enlight- 
ened reputation. 

That does not mean be is a 
raging liberal In his fast 
comment on his new job, Mr 
Van Der Merwe said there 
were “some facets of political 
poGcy which cannot be di- 
vulged to foe pubhc”. 

British law 
can hold 
‘spy’ in jail 

From hi Moray 

Laws drafted by Britain 
when it tided Palestine can be 
used to keep Mr Mordechai 
Vanunn indefinitely in prison 
without ever being called to 
trial according to a leading 
Israeli kgal expert. 

Mr Vanunn, foe nuclear 
technician who told The Sun- 
day Times that Israel had a 
nuclear arsenal disappeared 
after checking out of his 
London hotel on September 
30. Oftkaafc herehave refused 
to conm}egi on reports that he 
was abducted and is now in an 
Israeli ptison. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, foe 
Prime Minister, said ibis week 
that the Government had its 
own reasons for avoiding pub- 
lic comment on the case and 
two Knesset members have 
peed to drop questions on 
ie_ matter 

According to Dr Mordechai 
Kremnftzer, of the Hebrew 
University’s legal faculty, the 
Government is under - no 
obligation to issue a formal 
statement on Mr Vanunu's 

The rules of secrecy in 
security and spy cases are such 
that even the defendants can 
be prevented from hearing the 
evidence. Even knowledge of 
the fact that legal proceedings 
have been started can be 


clash over 

PLO trip 

From Our Own 
Correspondent - 

Families of people who hare 
been kiBed by Palestinians 
fought at Ben Garion Airport 
yesterday with left-wing Israe- 
lis setting off for an illegal 
meeting n Romania with 31 
members of foe Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization (PLO). 

As the del e gati on queued to 
check in, foe notions relatives 
tore into them shooting: 
“These commies are going to 
meet with the murderers of our 
families." Extra potice had to 
be called in to break op foe 
fight and the Bight to Bu- 
charest was delayed. 

la foe end only 20 Israelis 
left for foe meeting, instead of 
100 who had origjnafly 
planned to go. 

Some dropped out follawmg 
a hitter row between foe 
organizers with Sephardic 
Jews angrily actwm g the 
leader, Mr Lattf Don, of 
making an Ashkenazi take- 
over of the trip. 

More were put off by a 
warning from Mr Yosef 
Harisb, foe Attorney-General 
that he would prosecute all 
who wort onder foe new anti- 
terrorism laws which make it 
illegal far Israelis to meet 
members of foe PLO. 

The group expo* to be 
arrested when they ictna 


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t .5* " 

2 v Uclii 

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* 111 ';.- 




'Jfcf *- **■. 


.-*• Hf 


-'• •'% 



Proposed salaries for October 1987 

Teachers' duties 

• All teachers will be available, at the 
reasonable direction of the head teacher, 
for the 1 9 duties set out betow 

• Individual teachers will not all be called 
upon to carry out all these duties 

• Teachers' work cannot all be carried out 
within pupils’ timetabled hours 

• Teachers' work need not all be carried out 
on school premises 

• But a substantial proportion of a teacher’s 
work must be earned out at the direction of 
the head teacher 

• The teacher time available for work at the 
direction of the head teacher should be 
1,300 hours a year spread over 195 days. 

1. plan, prepare, determine and review as necessary 

* personal teaching methods and work programmes." 

2. Teach and ensure the discipline and safety of 
assigned timetabled classes and gro^ 
different educational needs of pupils in mind 

3. Set, matkand record pupils' work. 

4. Promote the general progress and welfare of a class 
’ or group of pupils, and provide initial guidances 

counselling on educational, social and career matters. 

5. Assess and record pupils' personal and social 
needs, development, progress and attainment; 
provide or contri bute to oral or written assessments 
andrepc^onirKfivkiial pupils and groups. 

6. Contribute to and participate in formal performance 

* appraisal and review, team planning, setf- 
evaluatioa in-5ervk3e training and professional 

development in assigned areas of the curriculum, 


8. Co-operate with appropriate specialist agencies and 
other appropriate outside bodies. 

9. Ensure the safety and good order of pupits by 
carrying out an appropriate share ofsupenrislon on 
pupte 1 arrival at and departure fromschool, on 
dispersal and assembly at the beginning and end of 
the midday break, whenever pupils are authorised 
to be on school premises- with the exception of the 
midday break-- and elsewhere when pupils are the 
responsibility of the school. 

10. Consult and liaise with paents, afienrSr^ meetings 
arranged for that purpose. 

11. Partkspate in staff meetings and activities. 

12. Undertake an appropriate share of Ihe collective 
staff responsibility to substitute for an absent 
colleague when required, within Smitsas agreed. 

13. Carry out an appropriate share of such 
administrative and organisational tasks as Row 
naturally from the above duties. 

14. Take part fo arrangements for presorting pupils in 
public examinations, and contribute expertise to the 
preparation and development of courses of study 
and teaching materials in response to changes in 
public examinations and assessment procedure. 

15. Contribute as required to the appointment, 
induction, professional development and 
assessment of junior colleagues, including new 
entrants to teaching. 

16. Cihortftnatetfte work of other teachers,^ 
taking a leading professional role in the review, 
development and management of assigned 

- curricular, pastoral or organisational activities. 

17. Supervise ancillary steff where designated to do so. 

18. Order and allocate appropriate equipment and 

1 #’■ - *5 *-.<■■■ it • , * Y 

Salary . 


. Salaty 









Safety _ 





■ 8,910 





16,500 : 








16,50 0 








: - ^1 6,500 


























8,500 - 











































For each of Scales 3 and 4 and Senior Teacher two levels of allowance are proposed. In general, teachers below the top of 
scale would be assimilated to the lower allowance and those on the top of scale to foe higher allowance. e 

7 Achnsearfo co-operate with colleagues on teaching 
’ programmes, methods, equipment and materials 
within assigned areas of the curriculum. 

19. Cany out such other related duties and 

allocated, as need arises, by the head teacher.'* 

















































































New salaries are spot salaries Heads and deputies would receive them whatever their position on the current salary scales. 







Dead ends, no. 

Openings, yes. 



Physical energy, dynamism, force, 
strength, dash. Sian, zest, joy, enthu- 
siasm, liveliness, spirit, fire, fizz, 
verve, pep, drive, ability, enterprise, 


Chairman of Wight Cofims Ruther- 
ford Scott. See “Vigour". 



See “Vigour" See also “Wit", ■ i Styfe n 
and “Humour”. 

To work with Robin's Assistant. Sal- 
ary according to age and experience. 



A resume of skills and experience. 
This should be sent, with a recent 
photograph, to: 

Sally-Ann Goldfield, Wight Collins 
Rutherford Scott. 41-44 Great Queen 
Street, London WC2B 5AR. 


Central London 

£ 7 - 10,000 p.a/ 


talks of uncmploymrm? We don'll, 
Certainly not. if you have- sound 
secretarial skills and German. 

Opportunities for you to have an 
.idling and truly bi-lingual career in a 
kc of fields such as banking, bolds, 
imcice etc exist in the City. W 
End and Greater London. In 
Please call us today! 

‘Figure-orientated’- Stuffy, midcSe-a^deniironniera'- * train in the 
‘Quill pens . . . and so on. -tooknofurthc 

VCe have no doubt that these are some of ibe images conjured up Successful canc 

in ihe minds of many secretaries when Accountancy Brin' is level standard! 

mentioned. However, the real situation couldn't be further, from preferably with 

the truth! essential wirfart 

As you are no doubt aware, throughout the world there is a wherenoptwh 

rapidly increasing shift from low- technology to high-technology .Wehaweareput 
industries. .When you walk into the offices ofAnhur Andersen & time we also pr» 

Co. you immediately enter a high-technology environment satisfaction; Sab 

which functions at the very heart ofthbdiange. An international beaprohibitiqj 

firm ofacroumams whose dynanjicgrowih means that we are Lf the challenge 

able to offer opportunities to secretaries at a variety of levels, p tease sendadi 

from college leavers to highly-experienced people for the most telephone num 

senior positions. Mre Maggie Hennesss 

1/ you wish- ‘ Recruiting Officer; 

* to work in a busy stimukmng environment for small t e a ms Arthur Andersen & Co n 

ofexeeutives 1 Surrey Street, * 

♦ use >our proven organisational and technical sltills (60 wpm London WC2R2PS. 


Pteaxatdicaieatinreprvfisenceonjourcji . 

* train in the latest office automation tedmok^syf tRu^g) 

~ took ro further. 

Successful candidates will be aged 18-35 and educated to O 
level standard Aminimum of 2 years' experience, gained 
preferably within a financial or technical environment, is also 
essential with the exception ofour junior secretarial positions 
where no previous commercial experience is required. 

hawe a reputation for employing only the best. At the same 
time we also provide the best in terms of rewards and job 
satisfactio n. Salary within the guidelines indicated above will not 
be a prohibiting Ltd or for the ri^u candidates. 

If tiwdralletge ofworidhg fi?r. Anbur Andersen & Ca appeals, 
p tease send a detailed curriculum vitae ( indudinga daytime 
telephone number) to: • 

International Secretaries 

£10£Sft+ BBEHTS 

If you have oood expert, 
enca, quaHticaturcs end 
pe m in M tey our top bank- 
in efients wiS pay up to 
no, 000 for 2nd Jobber 

01-491 7100 

01-491 7100 


We know it sounds corny, but are yon an 
intelligent, enthusiastic, mature Gate 20's - 
eariySO’s), trustworthy, organised, self-mo- 
tivated parson with initiative and a pleasant 
telephone manner? If so, we need you. 

We are a steadily growing and successful 
recruitment consultancy and are looking for 
someone to organise us. 

Initially on a partrtime basis (20*30 hours 
per week), we'll also give you die opportu- 
nity and training to develop into a fun-time 
role in the consultancy business. 

Ideal for temporary secretary who wants to 
broaden her horizons. 

Salary is negotiable depending on how 
many hours you want to work, we expect to 
pay wen above current market rates. For 
more information, please calk 

Derek on 01-994 3478. 

(No Agencies). 


Leading newspaper group seeks top 
notch secretary with first class 
organisational skiffs. Id join 
promotions team. 

The work schedule is strictly for busy 
bees only - but it’s interesting and 

varied. Your strengths as an organiser 
wifi be needed across a range of 
activities, including promotions, 
games, competitions, sponsorship 
and publicity events. 

Accurate fast typing and good 
shorthand essential, with a friendly 
personality and helpful telephone 
manner. The right secretary for this 
team will probably be aged 23-30. 

Salary circa £10,000. 

For more details, caH 

Kim West (01) 837 3966 


The Cromwell Hospital, a prestigious acute care 
hospital situated between Kensington and Eads 
Court is seeking to recruit Medical Secretaries 
for its Out-Patient Department and liver Unit. 
Mature applicants with proven audio and 
shorthand skills, preferably with AMSPAR 
qualifications, should have at least 2 years' 
previous experience in a very busy 
environment Non-smoker essential. 

A competitive salary will be paid and benefits 
are in line with the best in the private sector. 

Please write with full career detafe or 
telephone for an application form to 
The ftmonnel Department, Cromwell Hospital. 
Cromwell Road, London SW5 OTUL 
Telephone; 01-370 4233 ext 5527, 


Cromweu Hospital 


A dynamic won* sports mmamKal COfflpmy seek* a PA. 

with a d i f fti t mc * The a ucc ess fl il »p pbc am wiD have a rnsrfco- 

mg background and panes* sectoral sfciib wnh ihc added 
rapooHtnbty oTsmamg m the promotion oTaome of tie 
UK's mp sporting personalities. ExceQcu package and perts. 

Call Wendy CbOcott on 01 491 1597 

gooC skSs frx&xftng VYP; 
who se keen to arior or 
continue in this secure 
and rewarding environ- 
ment. Age 20+ 

Cfal 01-631 5045 
Crawford Rec Cons 


Principal partner of smaH young firm of 
chartered surveyors requires experi- 
enced and efficient secretary /PA. Audio 
skills essential and shorthand would be 
useful. Excellent salary and working 
conditions for right applicant 

Apply in writing only with full CV to: 
B.W.H. Bourne, Peglers, Ford House, 
126 Wandsworth High Street 
SW18 4JP. 

Please telephone or write: 

48 Brook Street 
London W1 


w — R esiuentia l w 


Arc )ou bored with just being a secretary? 

, . _ DovouraniactialicnK? 

Wc are tonkins I « bnghi CTilboiasnc pcoplc who would litre I 
grew with os m our expanding totn^d epanmenu in DocUu* 

IVc are. tonUns for bngfal «iihnsosUc people who would litre lo 
imw wnh os m our expa^ ^ tot^d epanmenu in Dockbnds 

You will be involved in daj lo day running of the department 
drahng with apples nil & dirou, lowing properties & lyptng/ 

dcahn* with applicants & diems. diowtng propenies & lypn 
admin, car driver essential. 

1W jak w£ff be drmamdmx 4 rnmCng. 

Fttau mar mtkfmU C.VOs 

v Ch eaerton s Residential 
2/4 Leopold Road. Won Wed on SW19. 

A subsidiary of Prudential Property Services Ud. 


For busy London 
PR Agency 

Top experienced PA secretary wanted tar tamale 

head of busy PR company. Pressured but exciting 
top working tar demanding boss. Good shorthand 
typing speeds and WP experience. Large friendly 
team in modem, comfortable office to W2L Needs to 
be patient, friendly. and very efficient. 

Heasa write with CV to Paol Howie, 

Lynne Franks Lxd„ 

6-10 Frederick Close, Stanhope Place, 
London W2 2HD. 


Competent and Beetle SwBaal tasetw tor Oman's otto. 
Srafl. trendy tod office as N«sjHwr PubAsttag Company. 

Fast typing audio, no stotand. 

PlossK offices off High Street Kffiwgton. Lmdws waBsWe. 
IfeSSL Sdoy ui EMOO/aseQ pJ. 


W» have 2 senior SH/See posrtkms tor 2 of Ms Company 's top 
destgn team. A sense of humour together wMi • oxeeOent 
P rea e nla hon. good sec akffis (100/60) and enthusiasm are 
essential One ol these positions also needs previous book- 
keepmg experience. 


RMG SALLY OVERS 01 235 0393 




Directon Marketing 
-Europe . 

Ftoancial insurance Grasp ts one erf the leadbtg 

A mature, experienced executive secretary is needed 
fortlie Marketing department A wide variety ofwnrk 
is undertaken and there is considerable opportunity 
far initiative hi this rapidly expandtag department 
>ievioas experience in a sales or tnarfeeting 
environment or as au executive secretaiy will 
be an important faaot 

A person with a Ugb level of seoesarfd competenoe. 
plenty of initiative, good cnatmnnicatfanskQlsand 
gflartsan onalflaln irfllfindtiifsanintaest ta gapd 
rewarding positioa. 

SBtaqr wiE refiea tire importance of this posttfafl. 
Please write wftb CV to: 

MbbfeLnndQt Fftianoal insurance fiknp, 

Ftttandal House. 

P.O.Box M0. 

EnfleftLPUddlesexsaiYB. ^ 


The Law Society 
c £9,000 

The Liw Society, the profes ri B M l wn cisd nn fir mikhon. ta a 
vacancy for an experienced audio vxrrrary and WANG WORD 
PROCESSOR OPERATOR to join our bray Professional Develop- 
ment Section. 

As part of tin s small and tardworiony t oayo o wffl fae eyeacd to 
1 provide fhfl secretaral suppoit in die typing and chstriboooo of 
mri e ni » u< fc iic e and c o mm o ree papers inns rniiiwimng the fi lrii g 
system as d general JaSB arcdpe support 

Thgbanmter estiiig asd.d e m a n c Hn g positia iiBgi w win gihecppoN 
luuity for invohrement in important legal (flflxdi. 

Yonr work nun be of a high standard and a typing speed of it lean 
60 wnoi is req ui red along with the aHfty to or ganise a heavy 
workload to meet dcadlroey Famfliarity with t«al grminotnvp ap 
advantage. Yoo should be edneated to at least XT lerd indneang a 
good pass in Eogfish. 

Benefits inchide 23 days annual holiday, staff restaurant and pen- 
sion red season ticket loan schemes. 

Please send a typed CV tie 

The Personnel Officer, : 

The Law Society, 

113 Chancery Lane, . 

Loudon WC2A 1PL. 



lo Marketing Services Manage of infaraationa) hold 
group responsible fix advertising, PR and promotional 
activity for Europe; Middle East and S. Asia, and for 
internal communications and support 
Good typing skills and ability to work independently are 
essential: knowledge of German and French, and experi- 
ence overseas desirable. 

Salary around 29,500 + BUPA • 

Phase send cv la Inga Ubrenbacber, 

Maikcting Services Manager. 

Ramada International Hotels. . 

50. Cuizon Street . 

London W1Y 7PN -pm ILf-A r|A*. 

or 'phone 61-413- 3899 



baveL Yuu sboura 
have a superb preseoce 
and speaking voice 
(typing not required). 

Beaefiis indude 
Rubsadtaed restaurant 
arid two guaranteed 
bonuses per yvsr. 

Air 25 lo 35, 

of Bond St. 

R*e'u4rw>r Camtfumi 

I r -• m 

a Arthur 




Wc arc seeking an expcncoccd Secreury with 
firs class sfronhaad/iy^ng and WP dolls to 
work for our Chief Executive. Applicants 
must have a good standard of education, be. 
articulate, mteUigent, Ale to wodc on own 
initiative and have a sense oTburoour... 

A well prese nt ed notwrooher with a pleasant 
telephone manner who is willing to assist 
other directors from time to time would be 
ideal. A driving licence would also be uaefoL 

Pleasant working conditions and varied duties 
make this a very tnretesting position and We 
offer a good salary, a non-contritarnwy pen- 
son scheme and a subsidised staff canteen. 

Applications in writing phase to 
Mrs P. Andes* Staff Manager. Madame 
TussamTs LuL, Maykrae - Road, 



The newly appointed Chief Executive trf this 
CTall fmsm dal group is looking for a PA to bdp 
him set up a new office. The successful 
candidate wiB be someone who Ekes the 
atmosphere of die City and who enjoys the 
world of acquistionshakeovexs. Ags 3D40. 
Speeds HXV6Q. 

INSURANCE £12,000 

A seaetaiy/PA is needed to work for 3 
director of lias major int e rnati onal 1 company. - 
You wQl have a lot of oveiseas contact and 
be expected at times to cope n*h a btey 
workload. Speeds 10CV60. Age 25-30. 

Based EC3. •' 

35 BntnPfeBtWI. 01^937789 




to p rovide U s romBrid mi l maw support » smtf fawn 
wMWwgat department- 3 yen nwnt S scent 
level. 100/90 mil W P. ewenenca faqund. Dm successful 
appficwliMtt d M flu iBff i wspBttioqia Ma iionti sms. wrtii- 
uve md m dbMy id vmk iffcMy ad* prossum FlemMfly. 
a B e rooo fa detaa afa good afar-pmonal sWO are a pro- 
requisite as d A' feroTEni^sk 

This posfaea a for » atf C t 
Ay far fartwr ■ a a han w n t Otw 

Salary £10.000 +:aa*. STL 
Please apply fa vnfiag • ■ 

endosng your comat 
C.V. fa Ma Hutson. W 

SUuL 70 fleesflfe ^ 

Luodon WlYflHH. : ™ 



1 0ms tajaag on Ufa MLP wS be 

O statoil 


requires a 


aspects of the 


. cJEll.OOOp-a. 

DO you like working m a fra moving fawmest? 
DO ym like the iJca et wodoag in Resxlaaal property? 
DO yoo warn more than jost a 9-5 Job? 

DO you tally worn lo be involved in Ur business? 
DO )M «w u nod m a )onq pndbsxmai cos vifamaC 
. • What do yoo do next? 

Apply today with fidl C.V. w: 

Nhd CooradL M mriM Director. 

40 Gonaught Street. Londoo W2 SAB. 


£12,000 pa 

Arc >ou a profcteHHal PVSh See Mfa-tcaPy ace Unfa 
[ I IQ/70) and cxpcncncn m a commacral cnvinmmciu aw 
Kvimtm L J " “ ' — 


:ingm LovKkw? Tba dynamic Young Pcrionnci Director 
the West End sriB utilise aU yoor toms to Ac ft* 
CaH Katyn on 40S-1A3I. 

Middleton Jeffers ' 


£12,900 + BENEFITS 

A European Bank opening up 
here needs • two smart 
froni-persoas to handle rJ ~^ 
recephon-VFBlaHning d 
arranang afl mefatogs 
havefpius full sec rate. 
80/50. Help create the 
company image, tapis vntfi 

Please cdl 
01 434 0030. 


Requires a secretary for the General Manag er at our 

Please appfy only if you are 
capable of tins cbaJtenpng 
pttefi Terms by veemeot 

Please write (Inc daytime 
number) te . 

BOX H76 

Hanover Street office in London. 

This position demands a high quality in secretarial 
skills, smart appearance andthe ability to relate to' 
senior personna and clients. It is essential that the 
applicant is both fluent and* literate in Eng lish and 
Portugese and will have had at least 5 years experi- 
ence in a similar , position. 

For this senior position we are offering a competi- 
tive remuneration package and all the benefits that 
you would expect from an international airline. 
Written applications with full CV should be ad- 
dressed, to: . 

Administration Manaeer. 

16-17 Hanover Street, 

London, WlR OHG. 




; Sydney court demands 
Thatcher files on 
jsuspect former spy chief 

!•' ' Frai Stenhen Tavtor. Sydney 

M y? -f^a-WFK SKAS NEWS _ — LL. 

w^\ 3 Britons 




From Stephen Taylor, Sydney . ■ ' 

',. Britain has been ordered by 17 of an application by Sir famish particulars s°®S“ 
an Australian court to divulge Michael Havere, the Attorneys through the court. 

. by aext Wednesday back- General, for an injunction to Mr Theo Simos, for the 
; ground documents, including stop Heinemann publishing British Government, had ar- 
-damage-containment" brief* Mr Wright’s memoirs. Mr gued that the truth of .the 
;• ings. relating to Mrs That- Wright, who is living in allegations in the wngni 
•Idler's statement to the retirement in TasmaniaJtnter- manuscript was not an issue. 

■ ,rJ3& 


i ■ iw^i f iwuifl, »VI uiui uvau ui uUUvl aU9|n\*i«/u auu u*w 

„ y fMI5. was not a Soviet double- he believed the M15 head was 

.. . agent. a Soviet spy. 

„ r-s. ^v. The British Government The judge’s ruling, after a 

H /* f \ h > has also been ordered to three-day hearing in which he 

* A-*” i * j \ i £ ! disclose any documents in its made some pointed remarks 

■ “ •! hands about Sir Roger’s about the apparent reluctance 

f. ? s iyi y|[ j; involvement in the setting up of the Thatcher Government 

> V £ w j 1 of ASIO, the Australian Seo- to proceed to the injunction 

j^p-4 } Ini . ii urity Intelligence Organiza- hearing, followed confirma- 

[' tion. And Whitehall will also tion by Sir Michael that 

’ pffMnitwlu to csv nritam KsH sieM thft HRWk£ 

■ j yi ruuv/t nit nuauauau ow lu iw un« ^«**-*- 

. ii urity Intelligence Organiza- hearing, followed confirms- 
[! tion. And Whitehall will also tion by Sir Michael that 
■ have, effectively, to say Britain bad asked the Hawke 
j whether the publication erf* Government to help m 
‘j books by Nigel West and suppressing the book. 

• Chapman Pinch er on the Brit- Canberra has said the^ re- 

ish Intelligence Service had quest was being considered- In 
• : official clearance. examining what basis Austr a- 

i This ruling was handed lia would have for interfering 

gued that the truth oi me 
allegations in the Wright 
manuscript was not an issue. 

The Government case was 
that Mr Wright was Invented 
by his contract with the Crown 
from disclosing any informa- 
tion on .his MI5 work, ir- 
respective of whether it was 
true, or had been published 

before. _ „ . . ■ 

Mr Justice Powell said m 
his ruling that, wJaiOT foe 
conditions of Mr Wright s 
contract, consideration would 
.have to be given to dayman 
injunction on the grounds that 
the Crown did not have dean 

Information in the manu- 

rr'r ... ‘ ' --f . 4i‘« '• ■ .*■+ . jBt. ' ^ 

mm - - ' ■ . *$§ i • * ' r . 

A- ' Mi 


Air man asks Managua for clemency 

. .. wuDSOfUSi^Cortn*. 

1&U IIUUUgkllM* UMM VJUInJIi ^“““7 ~~~ 1 Til t 11 UUU1UU UI 

official clearance. examining what basis Austr ar script was already known, or { 

This ruling was handed lia would have for mterfenng was out of date, and could no i 
down in the New South Wales with the court proceedings, iqjwt flff^iage the legitimate | 
Supreme Court by Mr Justice legal analysts note that Mr interests of the British Gov- 
i Powell yesterday in partially Justice Powell has spoken of a en iment. ' 

| granting an application by the public interest for Australia m -j^g judge said relevant 
’ Australian Heinemann pub- the case, and that be noted had been left open 

1UC JUU^b 

questions had been left open 
which documents,, notes and 
, - -<■- 2— tha Orittcn C iOV- 

I1SKU1E cuiupiuiy Biiu ™ * kU-i “ * — er- - WHICH ODCUIUCUia, 

Wright, a senior MIS counter- a mole, “ASIO is a pack of brigfe ^ ^ British Gov- 
intelligence agent up to 1976. cards and we will have to start enunent ' S possession “igt 
In seeking access to the again”. relate to, and an order for 

documents, counsel for Hein- Yesterday’s ruling was on disc i osure was called for. 
eraann and Mr Wright said an application by Mr Malcom . rafased an apptica- 

their confidentiality would be Turnbull, who ts appearing tor ^ rnr on police 

observed. Heim 

From Alan Tomlinson 

The American airman shot 
down in Nicaragua with a 
cargo of guns for the US- 
hacked Contras has appealed 
to the Sandinista Government 
for clemency. 

Mr Engene Hasenfns, aged 

4S, who faces up to 30 years in 

prisoa if convfeted on charges 
1 of terrorism, conspirac y and 

M So—ami a n CPPUmT. 

exantisathra, he was asked by ^nKofUS-backed Contras, fw ]J r paS HJ^fns 

^SSSSffS^z Z232!'-SX222 

of bring sent to prison, he behad bronca^^ froni whatever the customer 

wmiidA the Government “to y »r by airfreigbt reqnired at that time, said the 

be generous and con ?' SiS-East Asia defeswlant. As 

passkinate so that hecould h ;„fasnnilar job the aircraft, would hebmw 

rdtonbome to his wife and who what the cargo contmned^He 

three small children”. was asked, “fa mort roses I 

Withort emotion, Mr Hasr ac ^^ nM _ lc . Mr Bffl Coo- would know,” be repDed. 

arfns replied: “Yes, I wmU. MBed when He had flown supplies tofoe 

He was then asked, by the ™ W by a Contras from, a . militory 

iwunt nf the Bon-mry tn- the aircraft was j in El Salvador enda 

in Wessex 

Nicosia (Reutor) - Tfaee 
crewmen are. nussing » 


picked up a signal from his 

!U ^»o. Birdwood 
said a Wessex helicopter flying 
between the British bases of 
a?d Dhekelia came 
down in Li ma ssol bay.. 

Helicopters, reconnaissaMe 

planes and Air Force launches 
were continuing to search for 

the three men, he said- 

Prince sued 

Detroit (AP) - Prince, foe 
oop singer, is being suedjj* 
more than £7,000 by 8 ij£2 
man who claims be suflri^ 
r nerve damage m his ha^ 

! when foe performer 

I one of several sharp^wged 
1 tambourines into foe audience 

m m « _ 

their confidentiality would be TuratmUlwho *s appearing for 
observed. Heinemann and MrWnght, 

A. ! Hearing is due to start in the foDowing the earner rerasai Dy 
* \ Supreme Court on November the British Government to 

reia-ws ~vr — 

disclosure was caDed tor. 

But he refosed an abdica- 
tion for information on ponce 
investigations into allegations 

of alleged MJiwrongrfotog- 

mtc emsnee on Tuesday ton 
- SevoIMKsnaiy People’s Tth 
tomal in Managua. He top 
pleaded net guilty . 

At t he end of more th an two 

honrs of testimony and cross- 

be generons and com- 
passionate so that he could 
return home to his wife and 
three small children”. 

Without emotion, Mr Has- 
enfns replied: “Yes, I would-” 

He was then asked by the 
President of the non-jury tri- 
bunal, Dr Reynaldo Montes 
rev, what had been the 
objective ofhfc ^ ffigh* JJJ 
Nicaragua which ended with 
him bring shot down and 
captured last month. The 
objective had been to resupply 

foe y in El Salvador under 


Hiccup suicide 

Missoula (AP) - Hiccups 
caused four years of misery tor 
Mr Roy Duncan, aged 72, ana 
drove him to suicide, his wne. 
Claudia, says. 

Mac goes East 

Belgrade (Reuter) - Yugo- 
slavia will become the first 
socialist country to havea 
McDonald's fast food res: 
taurant, when two take-aways 
open in September. 

Afghanistan war 

Pakistan doubt on 
troops withdrawal 

» From Hasan Akhtar, I slamabad 

ESS? Of thfR MStoj; 

^er officially. weta® 1 ^ RossiM 

* oe« spoi- a * 

deed been withdrawn, tne 

sst A =S3 

• - 

■ , number ot troops. K-nShar last wedc. 

The spokesman ^d faj oSheHcopter and one jet 

M^anistan^ ™ uear 

the i«en&al K J- U ^, 

last month * W “J£ refiaMe Weston 



staged memy down «* aneum wu*' — 

world opinion. copter near Aydenstah «■ 

Initially, Mr Gorbachovs 0^1^27. 
announcement about the re- witnesses in &fo*d 
moral of six regiments was ^24 helicopter flying ™® 
greeted by the PalasttnGov- foe airport wifo foe 
frnment with an optimistic g^foer wrecked Mi 24 staa 
statement that “this a™ mderoeafo. aibiwn 

stip” would lead to a substan- Accor ding to an AM*n 

Si reduction of Soviet troops quoted by the ^ 

ehanistan. knnats, six helicopteis were 

, his weekly press briefing, dov ied during ““l 

spo kesman also denied a around the eastern town of 
hington report about ah- Jalalabad, 
detonation of an expS©- M was also observed that 

device by ■ there had ^. virtoa ^ ^ 

tember and described rt as dvQ ^ traffic in or ontri 
report designed to Jjalahad for most of October, 
ablk opinion- Heficopters hmdii« 

spokesman reiterated tod now rite comemattree- 

fokjaa’s modest re- top “a 

and development nu- or else V 

mgrainme was solely g^t height 

OKi «%£*** tte 

itv of urodooiig a low-Ievri fo C aiport gam 
^rade uranimn enrich- qmckly as te 
Sty- ^tooft«ht corkscrew tunm. 

b e said Pakistan had 1 at - The Americm havej 
d> ^Seeded in acq uiring ted saplrfyi^^? 1 ^. 
a CT^Sty for fotiff® to the MujaMdmjrtdd^^ 

isaS^ in nmdear power ^ foe ^cuttyrf &*a 

“ J capability for fata** to the^ MujaWdinwWd^ 
isathm in nndear power ^ foe difficulty <sS 

nts. but printed out foat them accurately, seensgrra^ 

mrted riS^l^ Have enhanced them strike 
Wst had held up for several capability, 
jars efforts to aojmre a ^ Kabul media abodahn 
Sear plant to be foat rebels have been captured 
^ S hn£ in .the North-West Blowpipe 

!-a?aPSS. s by Wes- missiles. 

byW- missOe. 

funejo refuses to sack 

■ Sind government 

! lw iSnAIihl»iJsh®W 


??'• v«terday rejected 


12 ^ lI ®*rnu6led province, 

fesS«SSS£lB , 

5^on 3»d*g 

- - 


f fly to M^ which has 
imrol now* ^ in 


^"°^Suon SernbS 

Waking P5°^ c of a 

mov^v the mjers to 

democratic sys- 
Gcredsf years of 

^ rC M^^dto repose 


• Karachi: After five days of 
fierce ethnic clashes between 

remained relatively cahn j^s- 
terday (A Correspondent 

writes). _ 

Although foo* are agns of 
the situation returning to wr- 
mSl inKarachi. foe curfew has 
from any 

pa {i < foe l Ctori area of 
rachL where 10 people have 
killed since the viokmce 
broke out. the situation is still 

te 05 ?- . • 

Mr Abdul Wahid Ansar, 

an extremist StndfaMtio^ | 
organization nduca ad* 


frnm Pakistan, said the real 
influx of outsiders - Punjabis 
and Pashtuns- 

row.- — 

It appears that foe extremist 

SindiuStionafists and Ujdu- 
j^ngMuhajir nabonahsts, 

till recently, have fojmg a 
united front agamst foe Pun- 
ffiteand .Pashtun settlers m 
Sind province. 

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Many nostalgic memories 
come to mind during the 
BBC’s fiftieth anniversary 
jamboree — such as the time 
when poor old Amide had to 
dffenJ her Tolmxnnoiis petti- 
coat against in-judged, para- 
noid probes by Harold Wason 
rather than Norman Tebbit- 
To help jog the memory, the 
okl dear has been delighting cs 
on BBC2 with a celebratory 
feast of repeats, not to be 
confused with the daily did: of 
repeals — though indeed one 
could be by the appearance of 
Faulty Towers on both means. 
Mr Tebbit, however, 
thankful that contemporary 
television satire — if Spitting 
Image’s rubbery raspberries 
can be termed such — has none 
of the cold venom of That Was 
the Week That Was ' s devasta- 
tion of Henry Brook as Home 
Secretary, which was repeated 
on Sunday. 


Many old faces have popped 
np again this week looking far 
too young, with hair far too 
short — or too long. Unfortu- 
nately, in Late Night Line-Up, 
the old faces look too old since, 
instead of repeating past 
shows, BBC2 have resurrected 
each night the original. pre- 
senters — including Tony 
BObow and his famous fringe 
which should be a museum 
piece, if it is not already a 
hairpiece. Last night however, 
a famous face from the past 
was shown again looking as we ; 
remember him always looking: 
bald, beaming and, dare I say , 
it a tench boozy. The Billy ' 
Ctmon Band Show was back, | 
with onr ESQ urging ns in his i 
only too mutable way out of 
oof; slumbers. His face was 
also only too mutable, as 
Spike Milli gan demonstrated 
in die show by rolling up his 
trousers, borrowing BflTs 
specs and patting them on his 
bte. BSl himself turned in a 
neat Churchill imitation with a 
frown, a lowering of the 
gjttnerand'a V-sign. - - 

The show was fall to 
doddering with the old fav- 
ourite s? that twinkling tinkler 
Ross Conway, those ever-not- 
so-greens Kathy Kay and Alan 
braze, and Frankie Vaughan 
topping the bill, bat mercifully 
not! giving ns the moonlight 
with the gjrL Apart from 
David Attentmrongh, few tefe- 
vision faces have had as much 
power off the screen as 
popularity on the screen as the 
fate Bifiy Cotton's — except of 
come its executive role is 
performed by the identical , 
features qf bis son. Bill junior, 
managing director of the BBC, 
who now finds that it is his 
tnfin to shoot “Wakey! 
Wakey!” to his own band and 
to light die enemy with a 
frown, a lowering of the 
glasses and a V-sign. 

Andrew Hislop 

I t is autumn in Rome, and the 
evening traffic is the usual 
mad tournament. It is only 
some five miles from, the 
centre out to Gnecitta, but 
already the taxi-driver has spent an 
hour giving bo Quarter in the cut 
and thrust of the traffic-lights grand 
prix. and is making dark ro titter- 
ings about having to go so far out of 
his way. We arrive as dusk is 
falling, and cruise the empty 
boulevards of the grand studio 
Mussolini built. Out of the gloom 
comes a black Mercedes, flashing 
its lights. FelKni has spotted us and 
sent his driver to guide u& At the 
mention of the name Fellini, 
suddenly all is well; the taxi-driver 
beams and breaks into voluble 
enthusiasm. Fellini! If only he had 
known, all would have been 

A banal episode pert»ps,.but one 
that illustrates the esteem in which 
the plan is still held, and his 
renown" 'among, even the most 
ordinary Romans. One only has to 
imagine a similar journey between 
London and, say, Pinewood. A 
British cabbie breaking into 
wreaths of smiles at the _ mere 
mention of the name of Sir Richard 
Attenborough or Hugh Hudson? 
The notion is ridiculous. But 
Fellini once made a film called 
FeUinfs Roma and, while his good- 
natured egotism often masts upon ■ 
his name is the title, nonetheless it 
is particularly apposite in that case.. 
For Fellini is Rome, in the way that 
Gaudi is Barcelona. 

We go to a nearby restaurant 
and in spite of having just finished 
a week's hard shooting on his next 
project a one-hour television spe- 
cial entitled The Interview, which is 
just a “director's -notebook”, the 
maestro begins to ‘'direct'* a g a in . 
The restaurant is empty, but the 
first table we sit at is not so good. 
So we move. The next table is not 
very simpatico, so we move again. 
Then the platings are somehow 
displeasing, and so the entourage 
plays musical chairs for a while. 
The food appears in very rapid 
order, for the man is well known 
here, and likes to eat quickly. Again 
one only has to imagine the tight- 
lipped ungraciousness with which 
this behaviour would be greeted in 
an English restaurant. But it is all 
conducted in that loud, familiar 
and open manner at which it is 
impossible to take offence. His 
secretary explains with a smile that 
he is always like this. Watching 
him direct his film later confirms 
the infinite pains which he lakes 
withr detail, but always with loud 
good nature- -and. with much 

A large part of his latest film. 
Ginger and Fred, which opens at 
the Cannon Totte nham Court 
Road and the Gate Notting HiD 
tomorrow, is a scathing side-swipe 

at the app alling nature of television 
and the hypnotic grip that it 
exercises upon people's lives. It is 
..not long before the subject of the 
box comes up in conversation, 
especially its effect on the cinema?- 
going habit. He wants to know the 
state of provincial cinemas in 
Britain and shakes his head sadly 
when I tell him the awful -truth. “It 
is the same in Italy. A town like 
Aquila, a big town, now has no 
cinema at all. And one can travel 
miles and miles before finding 

He is also interested in the fate of 
movies, especially his own, on 
television; he has frequently ap- 
peared in print deploring the way 

British television has 
recently been showing 
some of the older films of 
Federico Fellini, and now 
his new Ginger and Fred 
comes to London, 
opening tomorrow: 
Chris Peachment seeks 
out the great Italian 
director in his beloved 
Roman fastness 

PhotographLby Mar kTilli e 

for the 
clown in 

that they are not only cut to length 
but also disrupted by commercials. 
I also tell him about the way that 
the BBC cut out any dubious 
language before nine o'clock, but 
after the stroke of that magic hour 
blithely allow the movie characters 
to swear like troopers. “Ah, I see", 
he says, "after nine the parents go 
to bed, and the children can watch 
without embarrassment.” 

T hat Fellini is so closely 
associated with Rome 
may simply be due to the 
fact that, of all the great 
Italian directors, he was 
the one who stayed. So many of tire 
giants of bis era, Visconti -and 
Pasolini among them, are now 
dead. But a younger generation has 
sought work elsewhere: Bertolucci 
is now shooting The Last Emperor 
in China for the British producer 
Jeremy Thomas; the Taviani 
brothers are in Hollywood making 
a film about the early silent cinema 
of D.W. Griffith; Francesco Rosi is 
making Chronicle qf a Death 
Foretold in Colombia. But Fellini 
does not like to leave his beloved 
Gnetitfa, where everything he ever 
needs is laid on and he feels 

As it happens he was invited to 
America in the 1 950s by a group set 
up by Burt Lancaster, who wished 
to import a little neo-realism into 
the Hollywood dream-znachine. 
"They gave me two guides to show 
me around. One was a famous 
Italian boss of Las Vegas, but not a 

gangster. He had the most beautiful 
name, Serenella, the serene one. He 
was tall, had dark brown skin and 
lovely white hair, and every time 
that he whistled the theme music 
from La surada he would cry. He 
showed me around. The whole 
place was wonderful All of it Like 
a science-fiction set. or some 
magical realm like Babylon. I said 
that I would love to shoot a film, 
perhaps a Chandler ora HammetL 
But I wanted to make it here, in my 
GnetittA They didn't buy that 
idea. I don't know why. Maybe it's 
turinfiss on my part. Or maybe it's 
too late now. But what I say is: 1 
can’t fight a battle and tell the 
battle at tire same time.” 

Nonetheless^ a film .version of 
Kafka's Amerika is still waiting in 
the wings for him to take up if he 
ever finds the time and the money. 
He likes the book because it. 
reminds him of Dickens, perhaps 
Oliver Tavist or David Copperfield; 
and of course because Kafka 
himself never went to America. . 

His previous film seen in Britain, 
as well as on television recently, £ 
la nave va ( And the Ship Sails On), 
chronicled the adventures on the 
high seas of an enormous ocean 
liner, peopled by the usual Fellini 
gallery of freaks, dwarfs, eccentric 
opera-singers and a lovesick rhino. 
Most of these, except perhaps the 
rhino, were played by English 
actors, including Freddie Jones and 
Barbara Jefford. 

"I like English actors very much. 

They are professional, buk some- 
how detached. Now I like tempera- 
ment,. but when you get tempera- 
ment without control that is no 
good. It is good at the zoo, but not 
in a work of art. Now to be 
detached but also involved, that is 
very typical of your race. It is a 
detachment one often finds in 
drunkenness. And to make art is to 
be a little drunk, to abandon 
oneself. I also like the way they 
turn up in the morning as if they 
were working in an office ora bank. 
They treat the job Hire pro- 
fessionals. They don't ‘aspire’ or 
presume to make ait It is a very 
good equilibrium. You would 
think they would be bewildered by 
my way of working, but they are 
- not We get -on very wefl.” 

F ellini has often written in 
the past of his formative 
experience at the circus 
when very young. .He 
wandered into a tent and 
was immediately befriended by the 
downs, who asked him no ques- 
tions and treated him "like a 
father". He remembers a girl in 
spangled tights “with lovely thick 
legs” and a sick zebra, which bad 
eaten a bar of chocolate. The lovely 
thick women are still very much in 
evidence throughout his work, and 
perhaps the lovesick rhino was a 
half-remembered gesture to the 
zebra. But his love of downs is 
unquenchable, and extends to the 
old Crazy Gang. 

“I first saw them in Victoria, 

The dinner is mare or less bveri 
only fc spowifc or 
more worses remain. over foe; 
coffee in the Britan 
shakes some piHs on me tawojmtt 

ones are yeast “for my- thb&mg. 
hair" and the white ones are tpf[ 
dieestion. There is a bright sanest 
o^^T“Th«isfortheca/«n. To- 
calm me down.” An, i see, no, 
doubt one would not wish to bei 
troubled by such thi*» m the; 
middle of an important mo snoot 
"No, no, it is for aQ tbe t inre. 
Again the uproarious ongn. Bui . 
tWAm'i make anv difference. 

London, some 30 years ago. Here 
were six great old clowns, whose 
combined age amounted to maybe 
600 years, aQ doing wonderful 
things. Chesney and Allen. Moo- 
sewer Etidfe Gray. I remember they 
did a parody of Hamlet, in which 
the oldest played Ophelia. She was 
enormous. She was so gro te sq ue 
that it became an absurd kind of 
poetry. They made me fall in love 
with theatre aQ over again. And the 
people stood and applauded for 20 
minutes, very unusual for tire 
English I think. I would love to do a. 
musical about then). A homage to 
six okl downs. Of course the arcus 
is even closer to the British 
tradition, but it reminds ate very 
much of the Neapolitan theatre. 
You have a tradition of Shake- 
speare behind you. Even the mean- 
est actor wflL at some time, have 
appeared at King Lear or Honda. 
With us there is the strong tradition 
of the e ommedia delTarte. They 
have a wonderful physical con-' 
stitution, they know their bodies 
and are dancers or acrobats or 

“When I did Saxyricon I wanted 
Groucho Marx and Mae West to be 
in it, but most I wanted Bud 
Flanagan. He came out with his 
wife, but alas he was very okl and 
felt he couldn't do it. But I loved to 
watch him. He had such nuance to 
bis downing; much more than 
even Italians. Of course I say this . 
[he laughs] because you are 

, man who could have? 

A used the 'Erie redipSsj 

/» was the central character! 
/ \ of his Casanova, ajpunr-,.- 

X Adkxd portrait of* va-i 
assuageaWe lechery. Fefljm's lmt, 
film in tire grandiose ca nuva i 
manner which is bis trad e rrarfc- 
The American producers wanted 
him to use a. handsome man hfce 
Robert Redfoid or Paul Newman, 
but be chose Donald Sutherland 
for his “ghostly face". And because 
it "emphasized my attitude to 
Casanova”. Smhertand has already 
written that it was tire most 
extraordinary acting experience of 
hk career am that he had never 
been stroked or patted so much by 
any director. “Ah, he was a sweet 
man. So enthusiastic. He realized I 
wanted a puppet, and so as the 
weeks went by he became stiffer 
and stiffer. 

“That fnm was a failure every- 
where except Japan. I don’t know 
why. Perhaps the Japanese rec- 
ogaiEed thai everyone in the film is 
an inw* I asked Kurosawa why it 
was a success in Japan. He said: 
‘because it was a very good film'. 

“lam glad you have not asked 
me about Ginger and Fred \ says 
feffinr. “because it is nearly two 
years since Z made it now. It would 
be like talking about La strada .” 
Ginger is in fact his warmest most 
optimistic work for years,- perhaps 
because there is a somewhat small- 
er parade of grotesquerie than 
usual loafing past tire camera. 
Ginfena Masna and Marcello 
Mastraiaani (FeBmTs wife, and his 
alter egeft play a couple of old 
hoofera who treed to tour theatres 
giving a dance perfonnancre. Now 
reunited for a television special, 
she turns out to be a trim ola lady 
who has not lost her tough ness, and 
he proves to be something of a 
drank. But he has not lost his 
capacity for irony towards himself 
And. amid aQ the gloomy confor- 
mity of tire television studio, they 
- convey a very human, very 
optimistic message: 

It is some 23 years since be 
previously treed his wife in a. film. 
"Ah. she is too expensive for me 
these days." , 

The evening over, we all pile into 
the production manager's Jeep, and 
thunder bade to me centre of 
Rome. The traffic has eased by 
now, bid the ride is bumpy thanks . 
to tire Jeep's stiff susoenaon. 
Feflini must be feeling it most, for 
he has efimbed into tire boot area 
and is crouched there with his 
knees up under his chin, leaning 
against the knees of his secretary, 
who is also squashed in the small 
space. It is an unfikeW tableau in 
which to find one of the world’s 
leading film directors. A man of 
great dignity, be dearly does not 
stand on it 



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i- - - — ■ 

J§f Holly Hill 
reports on an 
” early-season 
death rate 
unusual even 
by the 
standards on 

Ly* * 3 , ** 
wp. . *** 



Drama successfully 

Launched: the graceful Judy £ & W 

Geesod with Kmtoffer ■ :•> 7 fl? . #■. i < - ... ' 

Tabori in •JiK ‘It * 

' 3 

Tabori in 

TTSre Common Pursuit 

Uta Hagen maintaining her 
sad dignity in the welcome 
revival of 
You Never Can Tell 


Woe on the Great White Way 

S everal times a year we hear 
the cry “How did that ever get 
on Broadway?**, but the first 
month of the New York 
theatre season sex a record for 
tearing of hair and gnashing of teeth. 
Three out of sis shows died within 
days of their openings, and two are 
questionable tenants for the Great 
White Way. How did so many, so 
fast, cover themselves with gory? 

One of the casualties was Rowan 
Atkinson at the Atkinson, which met 
an untimely death because of mixed 
reviews. White 1 thoroughly enjoyed 
Mr Atkinson's antics, I doubt that his 
show could have survived long even 
with raves, because only passionate 
partisans of British humour would 
have been likely to pay Broadway 
prices for it. At $35 a ticket, a one-per- 
son show here needs a cull figure like 
Lily Tomlin. 

In the cases of the musicals 
Raggedy Ann and Into the light, 
their creative teams flunked Ele- 
mentary Imagination and Intelli- 
gence. A musical based on the 
popular Raggedy Ann and Andy 
stories is potentially a family 
entertainment classic. A winner 
would have to vary the little-giri-Iost 
formula, however, by taking the road 
untravelJed — as did The Wiz with its 
all-black cast, or by artful resurfacing 
- as did Annie with its Rockette 
chorus of orphan moppets. Ii would 
also need a score with at least one 

“Ease on Down the Road'* or 
“Tomorrow”. Raggedy Ann followed 
neither of these rules and turned its 
dolls into dulls. 

Into the Light bad imagination — 
not to mention daring — in taking on 
the theme of enlightenment through a 
story including the scientific in- 
vestigation of the Shroud of Turin, 
the linen cloth some believe to have 
been Christ's burial wrapping. The 
show's creators lacked intelligence — 
not to mention taste — in making fun 
of the shroud's caretakers: a devil- 
may-care cardinal, a pompous church 
politician and a prancing chorus of 
nuns and clerics. 

In one ditty the cardinal described 
his early hardships, including “For a 
decade my abbot/Wouid chase any- 
one in a habit". In one scene, a 
scientist commented about the stains 
on the wrist of the man whose 
crucified image is imprinted on the 
shroud: “Don't worry. Father. If that 
stuffs blood, we'll nail it," Ad- 
vertised as “the musical which brings 
Broadway into the 21st century”. Into 
the Light was enough to make one 
want to miss the milleniura. 

The same producers who dazzled 
Broadway last year with Tango 
Argentina have brought Flamenco 
Paro to the Mark Hellinger Theatre. 
Featuring seven dancers, seven sing- 
ers and six guitarists, this revue 
purportedly oners real Spanish gypsy 
flamenco artists of several genera- 

tions. They perform mostly in en- 
semble and solos, and ail I can say is 
that if they are pure, give me 
decadent Having gone gaga over 
Antonio Gades long ago, I found 
Flamenco Puro austere and boring. It 
may be a treasure for those capable of 
recognizing the real thing, but I prefer 
the theatrics, the physical beauty and 
the flaunted sensuality of what must 
be impure flamenco. 

A similar impatience set in pan of 
the way through A Little Like Magic 
(Lyceum Theatre). The Famous Pro- 
pie Players of Canada, develop- 
raentally handicapped adults who 
manipulate fluorescent pupils, 
props and set pieces under ultraviolet 
lights while invisibly clad in black 
themselves, are here for a six-week 
engagement. The creatures and ob- 
jects ofair, earth and sea they show us 
in sketches organized around person- 
alities tike Liberace and Elvis Presley, 
and themes like James Bond movies 
and outer space, are indeed a little 
tike magic, but a tittle goes a long way. 
This is an unique effort in a noble 
cause, but two hours of magic tricks 
may not find a Broadway audience. 

A t least one drama has been 
successfully launched, al- 
beit Off-Broadway at the 
Promenade Theatre. Si- 
mon Gray has co-di reeled 
with Michael McGuire a fine produc- 
tion of his play The Common Pursuit 

A shade too big for its boost [[ concert 


’AUo ’Alio 

Prince of Wales 

Unless you are domiciled in, 
say, Valparaiso, you wfll al- 
ready know that 'Alio ‘Alio is 
an immensely popular BBC 
television sit-com written by 
Jeremy Lloyd and David 
Croft As a trailer for the third 
series, beginning later this 
month, the cast have been 
louring a stage version which 
arrived in London on Tuesday 

For those bereft of the box, I 
shall sketch the situation. The 
harassed, cynical patron of a 
cafe in the middle of occupied 
France finds himself writhing 
in a web of conflicting de- 
mands. Though frequented by 
the local Wehrmacht garrison, 
his establishment secreily 
houses a pairoftwerpish RAF 
pilots waiting to be smuggled 
back to Blighty, and finds 
itself an unwilling host to 
Resistance intrigue. Exercised 
both bv his wife's conjugal 

Intrigue: Sam Kelly (left), Cannes Silvern, Richard Mamer 

sfciitishness and by his lust for dialogue is fraught with dou- 
the serving girls, he is simuita- bles entendres of the most 

dialogue is fraught with dou- 

w . . bles entendres of the most ( 

neously pursued by a homo- basic vulgarity. As in Carry 
sexual German officer. On movies, the deadness of 9 

On television, the thing has ihe pan is everything. The I 
several notable charms, chief sheer tackiness of the punch- 
among them being its tone ofa lines helps make it the only sit- 

British Lion war film of the 
1950s reinterpreted in the 
light of Dad's Army (which, 
not by coincidence, Mr Croft 
oo-scripted). Studiously decli- 
ning io synchronize tbeir ac- 
cents. the cast give the 
impression of a village-hall 
company who have somehow 
not been warned that their 

Spot the valuable 
Scientific Instrument 

1,; not Jlu-.ivi easv. In A* a* a w lbth century dul had b«n 
....J re main: tin- centrepiece of this table lamp. And it was only 
; Jinnee encounter that enabled one of ourjecelhsts to see .t 
■ „,J .uSequenth idenrih- it as the work of Michael Coign*, a 
leading instrument maker trom Anwwp. 

With its modem attachments removed, the dial retched 
t ■° 000 at Christies recent sale of bnennhL and Medical 
Iiwrument* - much to the delight of the- owner. 

I, wu think you own item* which may be of tuta. 

. ! ' w .h,i c coming to Christies for a free appeal. Who knew*. 
* ' V r Iv be in tor a ver, plea-ant surprise. Our next side rakes 
■ ' TiW.n 17 November bur we are now accepting 

items for the sale hi Ftbroan- 19b,. 

. ^Vr intonation. pWtf* contact Jeremy Collins F.S.VA. 


com worth following, and it 
never outstays its welcome. 

Peter Farago's two-hour 
stage production, ably deco- 
ra led by Bill . Pinner’s sets, 
suffers grievously by compari- 
son. With the glaring excep- 
tions of Maria and General 
von Schmetiing — who, 
uniquely, do not attract rous- 
ing applause before they have 
uttered their first lines — the 
company remains the same. 
And so too does the scripu 

Instead of recognizing that 
something' more substantial 
would have to be concocted in 
order to realize their theatrical 
ambitions, the authors have 
settled for tbe safe bet of 
recycling one of their most 
successful plots, the Old-Mas- 
ter-in-the-Knackwursu This, 
briefly, concerns a scheme to 
prevent Hitler giving Eva 
Braun an an treasure for her 
birthday by secreting the real 
painting in an'apty ithyphalfic 
sausage, and substituting a 
forgery »n another. 

The story was funny enough 
the first time around, but here 
is inflated to bursting point 
with song-and-dance routines 
and a hydra-headed conspir- 
acy to impersonate the Fuhrer. 
Gordon Kaye, Carmen Sil- 
vers, Sam Kelly and Richard 
Gibson (revealing an un- 
suspected gift for the violin) 
are all proficient performers, 
but the deliberate, even stately 
solidity of the original has 
been dissipated. In presenting 
them life-size, the stage has 
succeeded in diminishing 

Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 

Klaus Tennstedt's recurring 
throat illness has forced him 
to withdraw from all conduct- 
ing engagements before 
Christmas. One can only hope 
that he will stride back like a 
lion in the new year, as he did 
at the stan of 1986. Mean- 
while the Scottish National 
Orchestra’s maestro, Neeme 
Jarvi, has stepped into the 
breach, both for this concert 
and for the London Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra's Italian 
tour which started yesterday. 
Tuesday night's programme 
however remained unaltered: 
Bruckner's Eighth Symphony. 
Jarvi, however, favours the 
marginally longer Haas edi- 
tion with its ‘greater exposure 
for the Wagner tubas. 

He is an exhilarating 
conductor of much late Ro- 
mantic repertoire, and obvi- 
ously deserves praise for 
taking on this gargantuan 
work at short notice. But I 
wish he had done more to 
demonstrate that he loves and 
understands Bruckner. The 
problems Jay in three basic 

First the iextures seemed 
altogether too raw. The brass 
sound did not biepd: im- 
portant themes were often 
submerged. Second, Jarvi 
failed to instil tight enough 



Bloomsbury Theatre 

There was a full house at the 
Bloomsbury Theatre on Tues- 
day night — but only for tbe 
first half of this strange pro- 
gramme imported for an Arts 
Council Contemporary Music 
Network tour in association 
with Dance Umbrella. Pre- 
sumably Steve Lacy’s reputa- 
tion attracted jazz fens and 
Douglas Dunn's brought in a 
dance audience. Their naive 
and uneven collaboration 
with some other artists then 
sent the patrons away again in 

Martin Cropper Thfi music 3s a “ ttin & °f 20 

^ 1 nnpmc hv an American writer. 


New Ceramics 


Yugoslav Books 
Daily iO-6; .Until 12 Nov 
Foytes Art Gallery 
113-119. Charing Cross Road 
London WC2 

poems by an American writer, 
Robert Creeley. Most of the 
time I could catch only iso- 
lated phrases. Only when I 
heard more of their heavy- 
handed whimsicality did I 
realize 1 had been lucky until 
then. Lacy, also American but 
based in Paris, has ret them in 
a style that may be le dernier 
cri, "but to my untutored ear 
sounds like the son of old jazz 

Vocal strengths given 
admirable emphasis 

The characters and performances 
(even Judy Geeson’s graceful render- 
ing of Mr Gray's cardboard woman) 
linger far beyond the curtain, leaving 
New Yorkers longing for more lit- 
erate new dramas. These being an 
endangered species on Broadway, 
there are at least revivals, and the 
Circle in the Square began its season 
with Shaw's You Never Can Tell. The 
hallmark of this theatre's productions 
is a plethora of acting styles careering 
around like racing cars in a hairpin 

Playing it for real is die redoubtable 
Uta Hagen, a Mrs Clasdon who 
maintains a sad dignity, as if she were 
standing tiptoe on the bridge of her 
sinking ship. Victor Garber as Shaw’s 
romantic dentist is utterly natural 
with Shavian style and as ardent a 
lover as he was a funnily frenetic 
juvenile in Noises Off, a diabolical 
conspirator in Deathtrap and a 
beautiful ly-sung suitor in Sweeney 
■ Todd 

Just as Mr Garber is one of our best 
and most versatile young leading 
men, Philip Bosco is among our most 
esteemed character actors. He plays 
the indispensable Waiter like one 
who knows not only his place but his 
win and his show. The supporting 
cast has tremendous energy — some- 
times tumbling into overacting — and 
high spirits. Stephen Porter has not so 
much directed as stirred this concoc- 
tion, resulting in some giddy fijn. 

Rossini's Tancredi. his first 
successful serious opera, 
might hare been written to 
please the entire population of 
Pride and Prejudice, with its 
old-fashioned elegant formal- 
ity for the elder generation, its 
flamboyant virtuosity for tbe 
young gentlemen and its mo- 
ments of sensibility for the 
sisters. It is not made for the 
single viewpoint; it demands 
tbe ability to suspend different 
kinds of disbelief at different 
times. And that must make it 
exceedingly difficult to pro- 

Of course it would be unfair 
to judge the Wexford Festival 
staging on the basis of the 
reduced version that was 
brought to London, with rudi- 
mentary props and decor, and 
only the principals in costume. 
Bnt the straight style of the 
acting did not make me regret 
missing the full production. 
And indeed a very bare stage, 
focusing all attention on the 
singers, might well be the best 
solution for operas of this 

The first visit from a Wex- 
ford company, made possible 
by sponsorship from Heinz, 
therefore lost nothing that was 
essential, and brought a 
packed, cheering audience a 
performance that was strong 



Elizabeth Hall 

where it matters; in the 

Tbe title-role was sung by 
Kathleen Kublmann, an ex- 
perienced Rossinian and one 
with his chirrnps and roulades 
well contained in her voice. 
She has, too, a tone that can be 
at once commanding and feel- 
ing, ideal for a part that is 
often heroic and plangent at 
the same time. Above all, she 
showed here an impressive 
range of colour, from the 
bright warmth of joy to the 
impassioned determination of 
”Di tanti palpiti”, to tbe 
utterly pare, whispered sound 
of her death-bed adieu (this is 
Voltaire's Tancred, not 

Opposite her was tbe 
captivating Inga Nielsen as 
Amenable, of whom perhaps 
even more variety is required 
than of Tancredi. Spending 
most of the opera misunder- 
stood, she has plenty of 
opportunity for pitiable arias, 
mid Miss Nielsen made the 

most of them: her prison scene 
and her contrasting outburst of u " 
excitement in the same act «■*•» 
were among the high points of.-l 
the evening, and the latter*-" 
confirmed her superb tech-.-j,. 
nxcaJ control. Only tbe rarest’"?' 
high note seemed in any. 
degree forced; otherwise she ;T 
was in golden command 
throughout ber voice, and ... 
throughout all tbe exuberant 
decoration. -■«-> 

These two have all the---" 
plums, bnt Bruce Ford’s cuf-»»> 
tivated teoor was useful in tbe /*_ 
role of Argirio. letting him' 1 - 1 
down only with some constric- ..^ 
tion in the tipper register. -• 
Marijke Hendriks was a dar--..-, 
ing Isaura, and Petteri Sal- ;i; 
omaa brought sturdiness to the.. »• 
unrewarding pvt of Orbaz- 
zano, who is killed half-way—** 
through having never batL^r 
much chance to establish him— 
self. Roisin McGibbon showed.. 
off a cheery, brightly finished * 
soprano in Roggiero's aria. 

The Radio Telefis Firear m _■ 
Symphony Orchestra had - ■_ 
some problems with tbe score, 
but tbe horns were roman ti- ^ 
cally atmospheric and there V 
were some nice woodwind "" 
solos. Arnold Ostman con-'"’’., 
ducted with admirable light- 
ness of much. 

Paul Griffiths :: 

Cherubini’s fierce challenge 

rhythmic discipline, particu- 
larly into the first movement’s 
tricky mingling of duple and 
triple. Pacing this movement 
rather slowly, and rarely sub- 
dividing his beat, did not help 
ensemble. Moreover, the 
movement’s sublime ending 
was marred by what sounded 
like a recurring misprint in the 
viola parts. One wondered 
whether this passage was ever 
played in rehearsal. 

Third, and most important. 
Jarvi Jacked the right son of 
poetic instinct for Bruckner. 
One rarely heard a really 
hushed string pianissimo, for 
instance, and. though there 
was much metrical elongation 
at points in tbe Adagio, the 
build-up of tbe great climaxes 
desperately needed a more 
natural rubato. Yet there were 
some spirited things. The 
Scherzo bumped along with 
heavyweight excitement at a 
good tempo, and the siring 
tone in the Adagio never 
lacked stikiness. Perhaps in 
Italy conductor and orchestra 
will come to understand one 
another better. 

Richard Morrison 

• Following the success oflast 
years “The Haydn Exper- 
ience” the South Bank Centre 
is staging “The Beethoven 
Experience” on the weekend 
of February 6 to 8, concentrat- 
ing on the Ninth Symphony 
and culminating in a perfor- 
mance of it, in the Queen 
Elizabeth Hall, with Roger 
Norrington conducting the 
London Classical Players and 
the Schutz Choir of London. 

records I was listening to 25 
years ago. ! 

Dunn is a very fine dancer i 
who has grown to resemble , 
somewhat his former boss. ] 
Merce Cunningham. His gift 
for rhythm is amazing: he can 
make a whole solo out ofa jog- 
trot forward, sideways, slip- 
ping back, plus a few arm 
movements. He also shows an 1 
amazing facility for moving as ' 
if dancing on rolling logs. At 
one point, when notes spat- 
tered out like water from a 
dentist's jet. he stopped in 
baffled amusement. His con- 
tribution is simple, skilled and 

There is a very large lady 
with him who walks and 
waves her arms a little, and 
the stage setting is a large 
geometrical painting by Ken- 
neth Noland, which changes 
colour under the lighting. The 
musicians, led by Lacy's pliant 
saxophone, sit at floor-level 
beneath the stage and are 
heard through amplifiers. Oli- 
ver Johnson, the percussion- 
ist, is impressive, especially at 
.he very end. 

The show is called Futuri- 
ties . a misnomer. I sincerely 

John Percival 


Teatro Comunale, 

Maria Cailas sang the first 
Medea of her career in 
Florence's Teatro Comunale 
in 1953. The Comunale, in 
conjunction with - the Paris 
Opera, has now revived’ 
Medee for the first lime since 
that great occasion, with Shir- 
ley Verrett as protagonist. 

In spite of an announced 
indisposition. Verrett gave an 
impressive performance, hurl- 
ing Medea’s curses with dev- 
astating abandon and proving 
beyond doubt that her voice is 
well suited to the pan. She was 
often taxed to the limit of her 
powers, but this is certainly 
what Cherubini intended: a 
soprano who could sing 
Medea’s music with effortless 
ease (impossible to imagine) 
would miss half the character. 
Verrett's limitations were 
interpretative • rather than 
technical: although she acted 
with conviction, ber singing 
lacked a consistent gradation 
of colour and phrasing to 
match Medea’s changing view 
of her predicament. The result 
was a fragmentary perfor- 
mance that failed to attain real 
tragic stature. 

Ernesto Veronelli encom- 
passed most of the notes in 
Jason's part, but rarely pro- 
jected them with much dra- 
matic force. Patrizia Pace was 
a sweet-toned Dirce, Nicola 
Ghiuselev a stiff, strained 
Creon. Tbe highlight of the 
evening was Maigarita Zira- 
mennann’s singing of Neris’s 
beautiful aria of consolation, 
“Ahf Nos peines seroot 

Medee, composed in 1797. 
occupies an important place in 
the development of opera as a 
stepping-stone between the 
classical and the romantic. 
Bruno Banoletti emphasized 
this forward-looking aspect of 
the score in a performance of 
great dramatic urgency, his 
orchestra responded vigor- 
ous!)', although it sometimes 
had to scramble to keep up 
with the maestro's frenetic 

The action was dominated 
by Ezio Frigerio's imposing 
set — a huge Pantheon-in- 
spired cupola, lilted back so 
that both stage and audi- 
torium seemed to be inside iL 
A world of peace and ordered 
calm was thus created for 
Creon and his subjects, only to 
be torn asunder by the arrival 
of Medea: the cupola crum- 
bled as Corinth fell victim to 
her sorcery. The brilliant 

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Devastating abandon: Shirley Verrett's impressive Medea ■ 

use of choreographed extras id? 
comment on the action or_ 
underline the story's Euripi-. - 
dcan origins. The decision to ', 
set the work in the period of its 
composition gave Franca;? 
Squarciapino the opportunity^ 
to design magnificant cos-'~ 
tumes. but was otherwise"* 

Nigel Jamieson . 

theatricality of this idea was 
unfortunately not matched by 
the details of Liliana Cavani’s 

A great merit of Medee's 
“opera comique” format is 
that it does not contain ele- 
ments extraneous to the essen- 
tial drama: the unembroi- 
dered directness of Cheru- 
bini’s music was therefore ill- 
served by Cavani's persistent 


will bo appointing a successor to 
Sir Peter Hall as 


to begin in 1988 and to work in the interim with 
Sir Peter and the Executive on future planning. 

Applications, treated in strict 
confidence, to: 

The Chairman. 

National Theatre. 

South Bank. 


Closing date for applications 1st December 1986^ 

The Tftow/r* ts w i NTIM/ 

opportunities employer 

M U I 1 I M ! 

■>. K T \ :. |1 «• H Vi 1 O I. K *. f H \ rnj- 

The GrtiU .ijc oj Sail bv Peter Kemp jnd Richard Ormond 

ftautlfui isiJ --. yji-..- •. ! .i .■ :i..i 1., :-.t . : or i.n ■•f -j- 

Ciurr- parh'tljrl'. rilL j.' .:-.v*iif..r.r •!.:.• j. 

QPhaidon ] 






T he first lime anybody 
suggested to Bryan 
Gould. just elected to 
Labours Shadow Cabi- 
net and appointed the 
partv's campaigns director, that he 
might be a Labourite he burst into 
tears of shame. 

He was a small boy in New 
Zealand at the time, being brought 
up in one of those families where 
no one talked about politics but 
everyone automatically voted 
Tory (or National Party in their 

What spark of radical zeal it was 
that brought the stem rebuke from 
his grandfather has been forgotten. 
And it was many years later before 
Gould was attracted to politics, 
having left New Zealand to come 
to Oxford. 

So hard has the political bug 
bitten, however, that Gould, prob- 
ably the most articulate and able 
man on the Left of the Labour 
Parly, now finds himself one of 
the * party's key backroom 
personalities in the run-up to the 
next election. As campaigns man- 
ager. succeeding Robin Cook, he 
will be in charge of the list of 132 
target seats which Labour has to 
win to be sure of an election 
vjctor>“ and he will be the chief 
channel of communication be- 
tween Labour MPs and the party 
headquarters in Walworth Road. 

He will have a vital input into 
the party political broadcasts and 
he will be a major influence on by- 
election tactics. Not least he will 
have to use his considerable 
charm to persuade enough MPs to 
roll up and do their bit in by- 
election and local election 

It is in many respects a make-or- 
break job. Yet as a young man 
Gould had no thoughts of a 
political career. When he arrived 
at Oxford, a 23-year-old Rhodes 
scholar with a degree from Auck- 
land University, he found the 
Oxford Union and political soci- 
eties of his time silly play- 
ac ting. On his first day at Balliol he 
took the voices he heard outside 
his room to be deliberate 

Gradually, however, he found 
to his concern that everyone in 

British society seemed to have 
their place, decided on criteria 
such as how they spoke.There was. 
too. the shock of encountering 
Britain's vast rundown housing 
estates, unlike anything in New 
Zealand. Significantly it was hous- 
ing which formed the theme of his 
maiden speech in the Commons. 

What finally led Gould to join 
the party was what he regarded as 
the attempt by the City to frustrate 
the election results of 1964 with a 
run on the pound. A sharp animus 
against get-rich-quick City slickers 
has stayed with him ever since. 
But be "is not a man who snipes 
against the City from the comfort 
of ignorant prejudice. Wearing no 
hair shin, he is happy with facts 
and figures, ready to do his 

He carried the Labour team on 
the' hideously complicated Finan- 
cial Services Bill, which has just 
completed its progress through the 
Commons, with a mastery of 
detail which has won him private 
plaudits from Tories as well as his 
own side. Thai is why some 
bracket bim with John Smith as a 
future Chancellor and it is why the 
second role Neil Kin nock has 
given him is that of shadowing 
John MacGregor, the Treasury 
Chief Secretary, who has been 
giving the Labour Pany headaches 
by lotting up the alleged cost of the 
party's policy promises. 

G ould entered Par- 
liament in 1974 after a 
spell at the Foreign 
Office, where his initial 
enthusiasm for the 
Common Market turned to dis- 
illusion as he watched De Gaulle 
carve up Europe in hard-hearted 
self-interest, and some time spent 
lecturing in law at Worcester 
College, Oxford. 

In his first spell in the Com- 
mons Bryan Gould hunted with 
the Left. He was scornful of the 
post-war consensus politics em- 
ployed by Callaghan and Healey 
and became a leading scourge of 
the Common Market. His fluency 
on his feet and appetite for work 
nevertheless earned the approba- 
tion of the Whips and he was 
appointed parliamentary private 
secretary to his fellow anti- 

■ 9 . 

Marketeer Peter Shore in 1975. 

Two years later Gould was one 
of three PPSs sacked for voting 
against the Government on a 
Common Market measure which 
involved raising import duties. In 
a display of loyalty rare among 
ministers. Shore refused to ap- 
point a replacement and soldiered 
on for the rest of the Parliament 
without a PPS. He and Gould, 
who later returned the com- 
pliment by backing Shore for the 
party leadership, remain friends. 

Under Callaghan's leadership, 
Gould, already a member of the 
Tribune Group, became a leading 
figure in the left-wing Labour Co- 
ordinating Committee, after being 
approached to join by Michael 
Meacfaer. What he feared then, bis 
allies say, was that Labour might 
win the election on what he 
regarded as soggy policies, allow- 
ing Callaghan to claim that such 
policies were vindicated. What he 
wanted was vigorous debate on 
more socialist alternatives. 

After a while, however, he 
discovered that the LCC was 
becoming a front for the Bennites 
and dropped out He had no 
particular animus against Tony 
Benn, but Gould is not the kind of 
man to be anyone's acolyte. (He 
has lately rejoined the LCC, now 
that it has become once again a 
focus for the thinking Left). 

He lost his marginal seat of 
Southampton Test in 1979 and 
spent the years between then and 
the 1983 election as a reporter and 


1939: Bom February 1 1 , m 

Hawera. New Zealand, son 
of a bank official. 

Educated Dannervirke 
High SchookVictona 
and Auckland universities 
(BA, LLM); Balliol 
College. Oxford (MA. BCL) 
1964: Diplomatic service, in 
London and Brussels 
1967: Mamed Gillian 

Harrigan; the Goulds have 
a son and daughter 
1968: Lecturer and tutor in 

presenter with Thames TV's 7T 
Eye. Back in Parliament as mem- 
ber for the Ford town of Dag- 
enham. he has notched up a 
number of firsts and revealed 
himself as a robust strategist. 

He was die first left-winger to 
call for a drive against Militant, 
realizing that it would have to be 
the Left- not the Right, which saw 
them off. He was the first to call 
for a revision of Labour’s attitude 
to the sale of council houses, 
which had proved such an election 
bonus for the Tories. And he was 
the first on the Left to articulate 
the attitudes which are now 
symbolized by the cuddly Left 
Kin nock style of leadership. 

Ever suspicious of politics con- 
ducted by label. Mr Gouid has 
spelt out some of the home truths 
his party needed to hear. The 
rigidity of what were claimed to be 
"left ” positions, he insisted, 
cloaked an essential conservatism. 

The young marrieds on the new 
estates." he told his party, were a 
class whose aspirations Labour 
had ignored. Yet looking for 
policies to replace the wishy- 
washy social democracy that had 
been carried off to the SDP, 
Labour was "forced to rummage 
around in a sort of historical 
junkshop where the only ready- 
made ideas are a clapped-out. 
reactionary dogma which was 
barely relevant to the 1930s. let 
alone the 19S0s”. 

The idea that Labour could go 
on as it was in the hope that one 
day the scales would drop from the 
eyes of the British populace and 
they would embrace the Hard Left 
as their lost leaders was simply not 

Last year later he counselled 
that, by resorting to demo-poiitics 
or speaking the language of vi- 
olence or pretending to be some 
sort of revolutionary movement, 
**we betray the issues we claim to 
care about and we abandon the 
people we claim to defend" 

law. Worcester College. 
Ox tore 

: Elected MP for 
Southampton Test 
: TV presenter and reporter 
: Elected MP for 
Dagenham. Became 
spokesman on Trade 
and industry team 
: Erected to Shadow 
Cabinet, apootnted No 2 
spokesman on 
economy and party 
campaigns director 

Few other leading figures in the 
Labour party have dared to dish 
out so many Home truths. Bryan 
Gould's trick has been to retain 
the voting support of the Left 
while he has done it. Their 
affection and the respect of the 
Centre Right has v, on him election 
to the Shadow Cabinet, and now 
he has the chance to put some of 
his new realism into practice. 

A devoted family man 
with two children, a 
keen, creative cook and 
a reasonably fit and 
youthful figure ai 4 7 , 
the pixieish Gould is personally 
popular throughout Parliament 
and a dab hand with the media. 
He wtil fit happily with the two 
characters who have done so 
much to put Labour back in the 
running — General Secretary Larry 
Whitiy and Communications 
Director Peter Mauds Ison. Like 
them, Gould is not worried by the 
techniques of modem politics. 

He will be happy to use polls 
and advertising and slick promo- 
tional videos where it helps. "It 
doesn't invalidate the message." 
he telis friends. And. as a former 
presenter, his television appear- 
ances will doubtless be more 
frequent than were Robin Cook's. 

His first task will be to see off 
the Alliance, whose defectors, he 
believes, are often going to the 
l ones. Bui he does not believe in 
doing that with slanging matches. 
Gould's message will be that it can 
best be done by proving Labour's 
positive progress. 

If he can do that he will be on 
the way to a glittering future. In 
Jeffrey Archer’s Firs: Among 
Equals that other Labour Gouid, 
Raymond, came through to the 
very top. It is not impossible that 
Bryan Gould, the new man with 
the red rose in his buttonhole, 
could eventually do so too. 

Robin Oakley 

Political Editor 

- HM 
* dav 

Mystery of the 
lost hostage 

As the world celebrates the release 
from Beirut of Dr David Jacobsen, 
John McCarthy, a Briton, remains a 
captive — if, indeed, he is still alive 

While attention was focused 
this week on the American 
hostages in Beirut, Terry 
Waite, fresh his success in 
negotiating Dr Jacobsen's re- 
lease. found time to mention 
the plight of John McCarthy, 
the British journalist believed 
to be held by Lebanese kid- 
nappers. There was. he said, 
“a glimmer of hope". 

McCarthy, acting bureau 
chief of Worldwide Television 
News in Beirut was last seen 
on Thursday, April 17. when 
he made the rounds of the 
small community he had got 
to know over the previous 
four weeks to say good-bye. 

On the Tuesday of that 
week US aircraft, some flying 
from bases in Britain, had 
bombed targets in Ubya. A 

Kidnapped: John McCarthy 

telex message from his 
London office had advised 
McCarthy that West Beirut, 
the predominantly Muslim 
half of the capital where he 
had been living, was too 
dangerous to stay in. Britons 
had become prime targets for 

McCarthy was reluctant to 
leave. Apart from the excite- 
ment of covering a war. whose 
complexity he was just 
begin ing to unravel, he had 
enjoyed his work and had 
made new friends. There were 
the drivers with whom he had 
shared adventures in southern 
Lebanon and Beirut, the local 
journalists, the foreign 
correspondents— in particular 
a Palestinian girl who worked 
for an American newspaper. 
On the morning of his depar- 
ture he wrote to her, apologiz* 
ing for having to leave. He 

said he ielt he was abandoning 
a world he now felt a part of. 

McCarthy saved his final 
farewells for the staff of the 
Commodore Hotel, where he 
had been staying. For safety's 
sake he travelled the dan- 
gerous route to the airport in a 
two-car convoy; but he did not 
get two miles out of the city 
centre before his car was 
intercepted and he was driven 
away towards the sprawling 
slums in Beirut's southern 

Nothing has been heard of 
him since that day. His name 
regularly appears on a long Jisl 
of 20 or so kidnapped for- 
eigners, but he is the odd man 
out because no one has 
claimed his abduction and no 
ransom bas been demanded. 

With Lhe severing of rela- 
tions between Britain and 
Syria, the power most likely to 
hold the key to his liberation 
will not be inclined to help 
him. The reduction of staff at 
the British embassy in Leba- 
non means that his potential 
for release has been whittled 
away still further. 

His girlfriend in London 
and his parents and older 
brother in Essex are fast 
becoming Middle East experts 
as they attempt to monitor 
political moves in the region 
and weigh up the con- 
sequences for McCarthy, who. 
if he is still alive, will this 
month celebrate his thirtieth 
birthday after seven months 
in captivity. 

McCarthy went to 
Hailey bury School before 
reading American studies at 
Hull University. He joined 
WTNin 1981 asa script writer 
and producer. His friends say 
he has an amiable and mature 
personality which might 
breach the kidnapper-hostage 
divide, and a very retentive 
memory for songs, poems and 
plays, which might help him 
cope with isolation. 

Terry Waite has hinted at 
the possible release of two 
more American hostages: 
France is hoping that some of 
its kidnapped citizens will 
soon be freed because of a 
political deal struck by Paris 
with Damascus and Tehran: 
but for McCarthy the future, it 
seems, remains bleak. 

Nicholas Beeston 

£ Ttmn Newspaper* ud 7886 

Tame in the wild: at Slimbridge, Sir Peter Scott established a successful formula for bird care and conservation 

Fowl deeds by the Severn 

The church in the Gloucester- 
shire village of Slimbridge has 
a very tall steeple, topped, 
incongruously, by a golden 
cockerel. It might by now have 
been replaced by a duck, as a 
final marker on the flight path 
into the world's most famous 
wildfowl sanctuary, a few 
wingbeats to the west. 

Imagine an airline route 
stretching from the Arctic 
Circle to the Mediterranean, 
and you have an understand- 
ing of the importance of 
Slimbridge and the scattering 
of safe havens which the 
Wildfowl Trust — 40 years old 
next Monday - maintains 
around Britain for an enor- 
mous congregation of winter- 
ing wildfowl migrating out of 
the ice-locked north. 

At headquarters, in a hud- 
dle of low buildings on the flat 
protected side of die River 
Severn, lhe telephonist is busy 
answering the slock inquiry of 
the season. Have any arrived 
yet? “Yes, there are five now. 
four more since this 

Apart from researcher Ei- 
leen Rees, who has spent nine 
years ai Slimbridge studying 
them. Sir Peter Scott was the 
first to know ihai lhe Bewick's 
swans were back after their 
tremendous 2.300 journey 
from the Soviet Arctic - . 

Once he would have looked 
them up in a much-thumbed 
directory which . contains a 
“mug shot" of every Bewick's 
swan to have visited 
Slimbridge since 1964. But 
now a computer does the job. 
holding details of over 4.000 
faces in breeding pairs. 

In its 40 years, Sir Peter Scott’s 
Wildfowl Trust has provided a safe 
home for countless migrating birds 

Sir Peter is mildly amused 
when the face of the first 
arriving swan fails to jog the 
electronic memory. “No, of 
course the computer wouldn't 
know that one: it was a cygnet 
last year." 

At 77. Sir Peter still actively 
administers his trusL living 
and painting in the house at 
Slimbridge behind the most 
famous picture window in the 
country. In his great book- 
lined studio even the litter bin 
bears the trust’s motif of two 
swans flying in unison and 
miniature wildfowl crowd 
most available surfaces. Occa- 
sionally they squeeze up to 
admit a panda or a butterfly, 
reflecting his wider priorities. 

Today he has climbed hos- 
pitably to the top of a 50ft 
observation tower which 
sprouts out of his house to 
show us the trust's domain — 
the SCO acres of water mead- 
ows which it leases and a 
further 4.000 acres of pro- 
tected tidal mudflats beyond. 

Set below us. built to Sir 
Peter's design, is the biggest 
bird table in Europe — “l 
suppose the Americans have 
something bigger now". Beat- 
ing into this Heaflirow for 
birds come the arriving spe- 
cies — Bewick's swans, white- 
fronted geese, pochard, tufted 
ducks and pintail, like so 
many distinctively liveried 
international jets, on a choice 

of flight paths, west to east or 
nonh to south, all under an 
instinctive air traffic control. 

Sir Peter is concerned about 
one absentee. For four years 
now no lesser white-fronted 
goose has made it down from 
Scandanavia. This bird is 
particularly precious to him: 
40 years ago. on a hunch, he 
first came here and picked out 
the goose, one of the rarest of 
wildfowl, from a huge flock of 
more common white-fronted 
geese feeding on the damp 
eastern margins of the Severn, 
and resolved that this should 
be the site of his trust 

The first meeting of the 
Severn Wildfowl Trust took 
place in a Slimbridge hotel on 
November 10. 1946. Its four- 
fold purpose — conservation, 
recreation, education and re- 
search — were discussed. A 
wooden sign in the village still 
misleadingly points to the 
Severn Trust although it be- 
came the Wildfowl Trust in 

Slimbridge contains the 
world's largest and most com- 
prehensive collection of wild- 
fowl: 2.500 resident birds in 
an inner 100 acre predator- 
proof enclosure, drawn from 
127 of the world's 147 species 
of duck, swan and goose. The 
trust has effected some nota- 
ble rescues of birds on the 
brink of extinction - such as 
the Hawaiian goose, down to 

42 pairs in 1945, and the 
white-winged wood duck — 
and established an inter- 
national reputation for wild- 
fowl research. 

The formula perfected at 
Slimbridge. enabling visitors 
to mingle with tame birds and 
study wild birds from hides, 
has been repeated at the 
Trust's six other centres — at 
Peakirk and Welney in 
Cambridgeshire, Martin Mere 
in Lancashire, at Washington 
Newtown, Tyne and Wear, at 
Arundel in 'Sussex and 
Caeriaverock in Dumfries- 
shire. Between them they at- 
tract 500,000 visitors a year. 
The formula has also been 
exported to reserves as far 
a wav as the Mai Po marshes in 
Hong Kong, and the shores of 
Chesapeake Bay in the USA. 

Forty years on, the trust's 
wintering guests are still enor- 
mously dependent on it. Wipe 
Slimbridge and the other cen- 
tres off the map. and many 
thousands of birds would be 
desperately confused and per- 
haps fatally displaced. “Wild- 
fowl are extraordinarily 
conservative.” Sir Peter says. 
“The entire population of 
Spitzbergen barnacle geese 
comes to our Caeriaverock 
reserve in winter. The remark- 
able thing is that the Green- 
land population of barnacle 
geese comes to the Isle of Islay 
— only 1 10 miles north-west — 
and to Ireland. But they stay 
distinct, with no interchange 
apan from the odd bird. Isn't 
that remarkable?" 

Gareth Huw Davies 

€' Times Newspapers UW 1966 

Piano with a 
perfect echo 

Had the officials iff the Mos- 
cow Conservatoire heard 
about it they could have solved 
all the security problems over 
Vladimir Horowitz's return to 
the USSR in April, when 
people were prepared to swing 
from the light gantry in order 
to hear the great man play. 

The installation of the new 
Bosendorfer computer-based 
piano reproduction system — 
the Bosendorfer 290 SE — 
would have allowed Horowitz 
to play in one halL while wires 
leading from the base of his 
piano could have electronically 
relayed information to a sister 
piano in another haiL Accord- 
ing to Bosendorfer, . what 
Horowitz did in one hall wonM 
be precisely duplicated in the 
other. British pianists will be 
able to try the 290 SE out next 
week, when it has its UK 
launch at the Royal Academy 
of Music in London. 

The respected 160-year-old 
Viennese firm of Bosendorfer 
is uninhibhedly trumpeting its 
computer piano as a signifi- 
cant breakthrough in piano 
technology. For 14 years it has 
worked on the idea which, on 
the lace of it seems only a step 
away from the piano rolls of 

Those clumsy rolls of paper, 
punched foil of holes, have 
now been superseded by an 
optical device that scans the 
keyboard action 800 times per 
second as the piano is befog 
played, and stores the 
information digitally on an 
audio cassette. By playing 
back the cassette, the keys are 

activated, exactly reproducing 
the performance. The stored 
performance can be edited and 
mistakes corrected with the 
help of a computer terminal. 

At £65,000 for the total 
package it is clearly not a toy. 
Bosendorfer thinks it will have 
two main fnnetions: as an 
educational tool and for use in 
recording studios. 

Teachers and students in 
music colleges, it says, wfll be 
able to analyse a performance 
while it is going on, and to 
compare one performance with 
another. In the recording stu- 
dio a pianist could play 
Beetfaoven's “Haimner- 
klavier” Sonata, for example, 
and make corrections or alter- 
ations before the recording 
engineers start work. The 
computer piano, Bosendorfer 
argues, could represent a 
substantial saving in labour 

Others have doubts. John 
Boyden, one of Britain's lead- 
ing classical record producers, 
thinks it will be of limited 
musical value. Great pianists, 
he says, adjust their playing to 
the acoustics of the room. A 
faithful recording in one hall 
may be quite inappropriate for 
another. “In the end,” he says, 
“there is simply uo substitute 
for a human being playing to 
an audience with the minimum 
number of barriers between 
them — and with no safety 

Nicolas Soames 

© Times Nwea pap ma Lid 1986 



8 Religions slaughter 

(6.7) ^ 

9 Pressure measure (31 

10 Projecting land (9) 

11 Impromptu 12.3) 

13 Bow wood source 


16 Eternal (7) 

19 Circular (5) 

22 Additionally named 

24 Commercial TV 
body (1.1.1) 

25 Mare Internum (13) 


1 Grape residue spin! 
( 6 ) 

2 In upper bean area 

3 Tangible (8) 

4 Tbin (6i 

5 Scheme (4) 

6 Hard drink (6) 

7 Related by descent 
( 6 ) 

!■ Mwmi 

12 Pursue (3) 

18 Wage (6) 

14 Global conflict (5,3) 20 Of male/fcmate sijle 

5 Scheme (4) 15 Of limited intdti- (6) 

6 Hard drink (6) gence(I.I.I) 21 Drawsoffcd) 

7 Related by descent 16 Suppose ;6) 23 Involved in (4) 

(6) 17 Comprised) 


Across: 1 Seeker 4 Devore 7 Lark BScrminv 9 Agronomy 13 
Lod 16 Biodegradable 17 Yes 39 Small fry 24 Spinster 25 
Mint 26 Symbol 27 Ordeal 

Dawn: 1 Sail 2 Egregious 3 Risen 4 Durum 5 Vela 6 
Tondo W Overs liOcrea 12 Yodel 13 Libertine 14 Deep IS 
18 Empty 20 Mcul 21 Largo 22 Snob 23VTOL. 

it a 





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Private Eye encourage the 
illusion of secrecy, a book that 
suggests that It's anthor has 
somehow got the inside story 
can be effectively judged only 
by someone who shares the 
secret. Since 1963 1 have been 
a member of the editorial staff, 
and hare a dear impression of 
what constitutes the Eye's 
inner core. It has nothing in 
common with Peter McKay's 
slapdash account 

Inside Private Eye is a 
slender volume that reads tike 
an extended piece in the 
magazine's Gravel cofrmu. As 
a forma' editor of William 
Hickey, McKay has learned 
the art of attacking his snb- 
jects via a quoted source. 
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man and so we read of the 
Eye’s new editor, Ian Hislop: 
“An heron Wangh informed 
his local paper,*I don't think 
he (Hislop) has the strength of 
cha racter for the job.'" 

This is typical of the book's 
tone. It is the style of the hacks 
who fill Grovel, who cannot 
write a sentence unless it 
carries a sneer calculated to 




Barry Fantoni 


By Peter McKay 

Fourth Estate, £9S5 

offend. The Eye’s art director, 
Tony Rnshton, is described as, 

**a thin OTicmilmg man of 

forty-five*’. Not true. Rnshton 
is forty-seven. Hislop’s age is 
given as twenty-fonr. He is 
twenty-six. These are just two 
tiny examples from a long list 
of glaring inaccuracies and' 
sheer invention. At one point 
we read an entirely fictitious 
account of how McKay him- 
self was offered joint editor- 

ship following Ingrams's 
departure. Indeed, there is 
hardly a page that is free from 
the author's ludicrous obses- 
sion with his involvement with 
the Eye’s creation, which apart 
from the odd story for Grovel, 
is virtually triL 

Because McKay is a product 
of gossip diary journalism, his 
enthusiasms are mainly direct- 
ed at those who share his 
trade. As a result, no fewer 
than 13 pages are devoted to 
Nfeel Dempster's relationship 
with Private Eye, which again. 
Eke McKay's is as a Grovel 
contributor. “Why”, one 
asfcs,“Oh Why?”, when there 
is hardly a mention of those 
who actually write the 

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deals with a dull re-telling of 
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tions. Apa r t from chunks lifted 
verbatim from the magazine, 
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Supported by Eastern Arts Association. 

John Thorn 

The Good Schools Guide 
By Amanda Atha and 
Sarah Drummond 

Ebury Press, £ 8.95 

A pm from excellence, what do 
these schools have in com- 
mon? Abingdon, Bristol 
Grammar School, Bradford 
Grammar School, Leeds Grammar 

School. They have all been omitted 
from The Good 


... Schools Guide com- 
piled for Harper's and Queen, and 
serialized not only in that mag az in e, 
but much more surprisingly in The 
Times. The schools are lucky — not 
because omission is a guarantee of 
their .good name, but because they 
have escaped the kind of investigation 
that may work well when done in 
restaurants by Christian Mfllau or 
Drew Smith, but which is almost 
always dangerously misleading when 
attempted in schools. 

The schools that are in w31 doubt- 
less survive the book with only 
superficial wounds, though Fort Au- 
gustus Abbey may have to spend some 
money on stamps explaining to par- 
ents that it is not “always raining up 
in that lovely glen; the staff of 
Haberdasher's Aske’s may be wanting 
up and down Butterfly Lane, Elstree, 
wondering what it mams to be “a 
downmarket St Panl's”; the Headmas- 
ter of Repton, who has many personal- 
ized column inches in the book, may 
fed bothered that his “Academic 
Manors” section should baffHngly say 
“Straight A's all through”. Some 
achievement, that 

In their responses to the inspecting 
ladies, Heads differed markedly. The 
Headmaster of Shrewsbury was for- 
given for hiding from them and earns 
the highest Harpefs and Queen acco- 
lade. He may be elusive, ‘but he is 
“good-looking, smooth, popular, 
efficient”. One can only guess at the 
adjectival explosion he would have 
earned if the ladies had actually met 
him.The HeadofOiindle — known in 
the profession as a man of high 
quality — was less lucky: “Did not 
want to be interviewed; sounded fairly 
chaotic. Has had head’s house decorat- 
ed from top to bottom.” Did H occur 
to the importunate investigators that 
he might have been extremely busy, 
running a good school? Of course it 
occurred to them, but they preferred to 
write evidence of their own pique than 
suggest that 

Personalities apart — and there are 

education seems of no 
interest to them, though they did 
tSsodn at the Mount School at York 
an “obvious mner calm”, which they 
an down lo the “Quaker behef that 
God is in everyone”; and they wen; 
abte at The Oratory School (hdpfiilfy 
described as being “focaded by CardK 
cal Newman, a CathoBc educational- 
ist of the 19th enmity”) to note that, 
“Retiaon cemres around the School 
Chaplain”: . which may or may not 
phase that learned prat. 

Old pupils are capriciously listed: 
As well as Winston Chardrifl, Harrow 
is allowed Byron, Fed; Trollope 
Palmerston, Galsworthy. Baldwin, 
“not co mention Patrick Lichfield and 
Fox bras, foe acton” It is hand to 
know what the choosing parent is 
supposed to think of tbb information, 
even if it is not mentioned. 


•• • - 

plenty of them to keep things spinning 
along — the fund of useful and.impor- 
tant educational information in the 
book is woefully small The authors 
may, as their press hand-out claims, 
have stood often inedfenito in freezing 
dormitories, and may have spent 
much time prowling around among 
fetid drains. They may have tasted 
some of the food that this week 
receives the Egon Ronay lash. And 
their experience of this is not without 
interest for choosing parents: But on 
the vital matter of the academic 
courses, methods, and aims to be 

found in schools, they are too often 
silent or content to produce foggy 
statistics of GCE results or university 
entrance successes. f 

They have little to say about the use 
of computers in schools, a subject of 
some coctroveisy; about laboratory 
farflitiftg, upon the pchness of which 
so mod) science education inevitably 
depends; on what actually goes ’on in 
the new Arts Centres and Design 
Centres so many independent schools 
now have; on wharan airy phrase like 
“musk plays a vital part” meansitothe 
musical or not-very-musical pupil 

B ui if he finds it overwhelming, 
he can always travel on to the 
school of “Anthony Blum. 
. John Betjeman. James Ma- 
son, and Sir Peter Medawar” for mbit 
ideological variety, even though foe 
library there is “mejjgbed down with 
heavy old tomes” -r a disadvantage 
Marfboroagb’s Master may now fed 
be must quickly remove. 

If parents arc in (hut focky minority 
able to choose one school for their 
children rather than another, and if 
they think foe choice important, then 
they wS inform themselves carefully 
and make many visits. Among the 
contents of this book they will find foe 
questions set oat on pages 9 to 10 of 
foe g re at e st value. These Questions 
they should (earn by heart, and they 
should try to find answers to them, in 
their travels they wifi come across no 
perfect schools: They will see in evtiy 
school some things they do not like 
and some pupils who do not enjoy 
being there: But they need not seek 
other guidance from this book. It is 
amusing, titiBating, sometimes aggra- 
vating. It is about the doss of life not 
its meaning. It wifi help many people 
to (wss tire lime more happily ia 
demists' waiting rooms and airport 
tonggra. Big foe i mmotati on.of Amah- 
da Aiha and Sarah Drummond in 
freezing darntizories amid foe smell of 

educational life is necessarily rather 
dull By happily fading ever to be dull 
this book has toiled lo be useful 

• In Paperbacks on Satontay we shall 
review first editions from foe Open 
U n m arnt y on British mask hall and 


Morality down 
Mexico way 

this week -in Mexico, m a 
self-satisfied provincial capi- 
tal called Guanajuato whose 
principal citizens have played 
foe vicar of Bray to successive 
regimes and orthodoxies, and 
prospered exceedingly ; "The 
citizen of Gnamfomto is, in 
other words, a practised, tal- 
ented, certified hypocrite.” 
mis early (1961) short 
novel by the eminent Carlos 
Fueutes, published in this 
country for foe first* time, 
appears to a lazy American 
translation by Sam Rifa"” 1 - 
The elaborate formality that 
smaains normal Spanish prose 
always requires a iot of relax- 
ing mawap from the transla- 
tor before it will sound like 
normal Ea gtish. Even coBo- 
|uial Spamisia, if translated 
literally, has an antiquarian 
ring: “Ingrate!" wie prostitute ■ 
shouts hr another in a cheap 
cafe to The Good Conscience. 
“Ungrateful cow!” might be 
nearer the mark. 

Not wishing to seem ingrate, 
one struggles to penetrate this 
verbal fog, behind which lies a 
sharp little fable about the 
Pharisaical religiosity of foe 
upwardly mobile. Jaime is a 
treasured child, but even foe 
care lavished on him by his 
rich and plots unde and atmt 
is hypocritical; his presence 
serves to. hold their sterile 
marriage together. 

Young Jaime's only outlet is 
refignu. His favourite game is 
Mass, and there is a 
touchingly believable scene of 
the solitary child. In his 
bedroom, solemnly blesstog 

the congregation — his wash- 

stand and his bed. In the 
emotional excitement of pu- 
berty he puts the gospel's 
teaching into practice. Hie 


of the week 


Cl endinrtfng 

By Carlos Fuentes 
Andrt Deulsch, £8.95 

shelter* the needy (a fugitive 
from the law), befriends the 
poor (an Indian boy), and 
punishes himself extravagant- 
ly for the sms of the world. 
These social solecisms infuri- 
ate his unde and aunt, and the 
priest tells him be is guilty of 
spiritual pride in waiting to 
imitate Jesns. Refoten should* 
be “an everyday affair”, and to 
condone the world's imperfec- 
tions is not c omprom ise bat 

Just as one is begmnmg to 
appreciate how Jaime’s pore 
(jridhriybftebgcB n aii ft i 
by worldly adolts, the anthor 
tarns everything npride down 
by suggesting that Jaime was 
corrupt already. Jaime n£D 
grow op to be a pillar of the es- 
tablishment “with a good 
conscience”, fike his cempla- 
centiy venal nnde. 

In atmosphere this is a cross 
between Greene and Briad — 
to whom foe book is dedicat- 
ed, “great destroyer of easy 
consciences, great creator of 
human hope.” There is pre- 
poos little hope to The Good ■ 
Com menc e, and. an uneasy 
conscience is guaranteed for 
anyone .who hears what Fnen- 
tes is saying through the 
unforgivably. murky 

“Big book, big evil”, quoth 
Callimachus. Not, however, 
this one; big, certainly, but 
good and important Fagans 
and Christians are the very 

stuff of martyrology and leg- 

end, historical novel and Hi 
lywood epic. AU achieve their 
effect by oversmjrfificaiioii, 
tinged with sometimes pruri- 
ent sentimentality: Roman of- 
ficialdom tyrannical, 
tormented, or uncomprehend- 
ing, bm at the last implacable; 
the Christian steadfast under 
temptation, torture, or in foe 
very mouth of the lion; 
enrolment after death in the 
glorious company of saints, 
virgins, and martyrs. 

The reahty revealed by 
Lane Fox is not so simpfe 
Roman officials were more 
often harassed and baffled, but 
desperately anxious to do the 
right thing, and not infre- 
quently benign. Not all Chris- 
tians were steadfast under 
threat, not all possessed by the 
“rash itch for self- 
destruction” -What to do 
about foe apostates and those 
who had handed] over the 
sacred books to the persecu- 
tors presented the early 
Church with a serious prob- 
lem. Well before Constantine 
Christians had become quick 
to mobilize force against the 
pagan cults and against their 
own unorthodox brethren. In 
the cult of saints and martyrs, - 
even in that of the Virgin 

of Christ 


By Robfa Lane Fox 

Viking, £17.95 

Lane fine's Martyrs 

emperor Wadnan to the end of 
the Sevdjan dynasty in AD. 
235, with k final section on the 
Christian! majority, the sin- 
ners; the/ entirely unexpected 
and still F 

tianity developed earliest and 
quickest, and it is from there 
that foe evidence is most 
abundant. The social perspec- 
tive is urban, for It was to the 
towns and cities that the 
major cnlts^ were found, and it 
was there that Chris tians and 
pagans met 

The grand theme, the inter- 
action of pagan and Christian 
and the emerg in g domination 
of foe latter, is supported at 
every point by a wealth of 
evidence, reference, and de- 
tail, splendidly controlled and 
often of great fascination in its 
own right as with the pagan 
soldier who told the Christian 
eager for marry dom to run 
away and hide; or foe Chris- 
tian priest in Cappadocia who 
ran off with his church's 
virgins and exhibited them as 
dancing girls at a pagan festi- 
val where their routine was 
much admired; or John Chry- 
sostom admonishing the 
church in Antioch: “The 
women (of the congregation) 
have learned die manners of 
the brothel and the men are 
not better than maddened 
stallions"; or foe more lengthy 
investigation of the martyr- 
dom of Pkmius with its sur- 
prising ramifications; or 

Hcre^ ^ is- richness indeed, 
both in the general and in foe 
particular: On foe one hands 
magisterial analysis and {£- 
construction of an apparency 
remote and alien society*:^® 
the other a detailed study bf 


. r „ conversion of 

nersett, pagan and Christian Constantine; the final move- — - „ L . , J 

dements mingie inextricably. »' ment from pagan to -Christian the single most significant 
"And what of p a gani s m it-.' until thoold oracles fell dumb, n r ocai s m our historv and still 
self? As the author points out, The geographical 

the change from pagan to is Eastern and Greek, for it is nant of our present attitudes 
Christian brought a lasting in foe Greek East that Chris- and beliefs. Tolle lege. 
change in people’s view of ' 

themselves and others, and 



Arthritis is one of Britain's most widespread diseases. As yet 
incurable and representing our greatest single cause of disability jt 
seriously affects about 8 million of our people of all a gp\ 
including, sadly, some 15.000 of our children. 

We. the Arthritis and Rheumatism Counn\are a charity raising 
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we. still live with its effects. 
Even the very term paganism, 
for all its convenience, distorts 
perception in implying a com- 
monality of- altitude, belief 
and ritnaL Gan we today even 
begin to comprehend foe pa- 
gan context without which an 
umterstanding of the rise of 
Christianity is impossible? 
The very wend pagan is Chris- 
tian slang; pagani were civil- 
ians who had not enlisted 
through baptism as soldiers of 
Christ against foe powers of 
Satan. ' v 
It is this effort of historical 
i mag ina ti on that is atthe heart 
of Lane Fox’s book, an effort 
that succeeds' magnificently. 

“There have been many 
on paganism and many more 
on early Christianity,, brft I 
know of no book which pufk 
their practice side by side in a 
context of civic hfe" The 
copula to the title is meant? the 
subject is pagans and Chrisr 
tians, not pagans against 
Christians. ' : 

The chronological limits are 
broadly from the reign of foe 


■Bqahs putjMwd n Bnbun mated inland 
Academe. jMvfenfcXMl, 
l**on ati Aofrtcfon. 

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- * € Tbe Blind Watchmaker is as dear, as 
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neo-Darwinian theory as I have read" 


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titan the Meaning of Life, and he . . 
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a dergyman and the mind of a 

sdmti5t ” -Then** 

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of science” -/fam 

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Laughter in the dark 
by a rebel outcast^ 

The key to the 
cupboard of 
Irish skeletons 

T he shade of Oscar 1 
Wilde is from lime to * 
time invoked in these <- 
pages; and no doubt c 
joe Orton understood 1 
Gwendolen's remark that she 1 
kept her diary in order to have < 
“something sensational to t 
read in the train.” Certainly 1 
Orton's own diary is sensa- I 
tional. but possibly not in the 
manner he intended, since it ] 
led directly to his death. When t 
Kenneth Halliweil, his male c 
lover of some sixteen years, 
beat him to death with a . 
hammer and then committed 
suicide, he left a note for the 
police which was in the nature 
of a clue: “If you read his diary 
all will be explained.” ; 

This is not strictly true, 
however, since this book hard- 
ly suggests the possibility of 
such an abrupt ending. If 
Orton’s plays read as if Oscar 
Wilde had been brought up on 
a council house estate, and 
had become very bitter as a 
result the actual world that 
Orton describes here seems to 
luxuriate in the same vainglo- 
rious and slightly seedy come- 
dy. The diary opens in 
December 1966 (just after the 
success of Loot) and one of the 
first treats is the death of his 
mother. She had popped off 
on Boxing Day, meriting only 
the briefest of mentions; then 
Orton has casual sex with a 
labourer in Leicester before 
returning to the familial dwell- 
ing where, he is told, the 
corpse of his mother will be 
wailing for him in the living 
room. As Orton said of a 
friend's startled surprise at 
this episode, “He suddenly 
caught a glimpse of the fact 
that I write the truth.” 

But of course diaries are a 
kind of fabrication, too, and in 
The Orton Diaries Sixties 
London becomes yet another 
theatre of the absurd: it may 
have been “swinging” but 
\ here it is practically in orbit as 
old ladies, old queens, theatri- 
cal impresarios, actors, ana 
male prostitutes make their 

Peter Ackroyd reviews S 
a diary of high life and V 
low life in the swinging 1 
Sixties; when a nobody ' 
became the Wildest sly 
playwright since Oscar, 
and came to his grisly end 


Edited by John Lahr 

Methuen, £12.50 

entrances or exits. If some of 
the more, amusing episode 
seem to have the benefit of the 
prompt-book, that is only to 
be expected in so skilful a 
dramatist: this is social history 
rewritten by an epigrammatist 
and it can be very, very funny. 

Of course there is a sense in 
which it is really laughter in 
the dark, since over it all hangs 
the long shadow of Kenneth 
Halliweil and the hammer he 
took to Orton's skull. 
Halliweil had originally been 
the partner with creative am- 
bitions, but he was foiling 
miserably just at the time 
when Orton was enjoying his 
greatest success. It is a cau- 
tionary tale worthy of one of 
Belloc's verses, but it is unusu- 
al only for its somewhat grisly 
ending. Halliweil was the ar- 
chetypal companion or lover 
who is crushed by the jugger- 
naut of the other partner’s 
feme. The history of literature 
is crowded with such people — 
in his very interesting intro- 
duction, John Lahr quotes the 
words of Thomas Hardy’s 
wife, “If he belongs to the 
public, years- of devotion 
count for nothing.” And in- 
deed as Lahr goes on to say, 
Orton “edited Halliweil out . 
He is here in the diaries, but 
only just. Sometimes Orton 

refers to him quite formally as 
“Kenneth Halliweil", as if be 
were a character he had in- 
vented; and his presence in the 
book brings with it a general 
atmosphere of sickness, argu- 
ment, and moral disapproval 
The busier and more success- 
fill Orton becomes, the more 
Halliweil withdraws into him- . 
self — as if be is going into a 
cupboard and locking the 
door, so that he cannot see the 
light outside. 

T he point about doom ‘ 
and gloom, however, 
is that Orton often 
found them irresist- 
ibly funny, and there are times 
when even his ghastly rela- 
tionship with Halliweil blos- 
soms into comedy. Certain 
scenes in Tangier, for exam- 
ple, are of a tackiness almost 
beyond compare (in the holi- 
day snaps, Orton resembles 
some hybrid of Mishima and a 
pub landlady), but Orion sees 
the tackiness and revels in ic 
he manages to turn the entire 
escapade into grotesque force, 
with enough physical detail to 
fill several filing cabinets of 
the nearest VD clinic. Quota- 
tions are not to be attempted 
in a respectable newspaper. 

Editing, too, must have 
presented problems. Lahr 


‘Persuade him* Cut his throat but 
persuade him! 9 Entertaining Mr Sloane 

The tale of how murderous and macabre drama came to life 

seems wisely to have left most *j 
of the journal intact, although d 
he is perhaps over-zealous in d 
his scholarship. Practically ev- a 
cry reference to anyone, living | 
or dead, is explained; surel y, 
for example, we do not need a d 
footnote on Dante in the B 
middle of some more than j 
usuallv exotic episode in s 
Tangier? On second thoughts. y 
perhaps we do. i 


A nd vet despite these , 
escapades it is ex- i 
traordinary hpw 
Orton’s normality 
shines through everything - 
at one moment he may be 
playing the Rimbaud, or at 
least the Verlaine, of Noel 
Road. Islington, but al the 
next he is discussing budgeri- 
gars with the old lady who 
lives beneath him. And that of 
course was the secret of his 
charm: his ordinariness had a 
menacing quality, while at the 
same time his oddness was 
somehow cosy and unthreat- 
ening. Lahr says that “Orion 
had willed himself into the 
roic of a rebel outcast: beyond 
guilt or shame." 

The last days of his life are, 
in that respect, typical. In July 
1967 he sees The Desert Song. 
he picks up stray men; he 
spends a damp weekend tit 
Brighton. Halliweil himself 
was slowly breaking down, but 
Orton shows no real sign of 
noticing it- A friend saw them 
a little later, when Halliweil 
was clearly on the edge of 
disaster that killed them both. 
Onon was, as usual, being 
“hilarious": “And l thought, 
my God, he canT see. He 
hasn't noticed." It is a terrible 
irony that Orton could invent 
the grotesque or the macabre 
without recognizing it when it 
was in front of his nose; on the 
stage he created murderous 
and defeated lives, but be did 
not know when life itself was 
beginning to take the same 
,p form. It is the kind of blind- 
ness that makes an artist, but 
ife it may also kill him. 

Charles Osborne, unfashion- 
able believes in artistic excel- 
lence: that some artists are 
better than other artists. This 
would be unexceptionable, 
nay salutory, had the poor 
man not been employed for 
twenty-odd years as Literature 
Director of the Arts Council 
(the capitals are de rigueur). as 
if “literature" could be con- 
jured up by the Council (or 
even counsel), and “directed" 
by a civil servant 

Early on, Mr Osborne dis- 
covered that the writers’ orga- 
. nizations, as well as individual 
% writers, disapproved of his not 
regarding his responsibuines 
as if he were a social services 
or further education nanny, 
and that the word elitist was 
frowned upon. “Community 
arts", that contradiction in 
terms, devolution to the re- 
gions (let Wessex decide if 
Thomas Hardy’s any good) 
became approved ideas — ut- 
ile wonder that ure 

It’s no go the 



lity” became sceptical Giles Gordon 

community” became sceptjral 
both of artists, and of pubnc 
funding for the arts. 

The Literature Panel (of 
which I was a member for its 
first four years) was set up in 
1966 and attempted to estab- 
lish a policy for literature — 
another absurd idea. Mr Os- 
borne realized that if money 
were given to individual writ- 
ers it was almost bound (as, 
administratively, it was neces- 
sary for them to apply, 
through sponsors) to go to 
third-raters - when it didn't 
go to fourth-eaters. Even 
worse, they were paid to write 
rather than desist from wnt- 

The Memoirs of an 
Uncivil Servant 
By Charles Osborne 

Seeker & Warburg, £15 

so much that we 
bought you one! 

“ a book one turns to with constant 

ns April 26 1985 

ing, as if the world was short of 
literature or of publishers. Mr 
Osborne argued, down the 
decades, that the allocation 
could more usefully be spent 
in finding ways to increase the 
dissemination of literature: 
more readers, book buyers 
were required, and —frank- 
ly — fewer writers. 

His account, in these typi- 
cally uninhibited pages, at 
growing up in Brisbane and 
endeavouring to practise as an 
actor and arts journalist (op- 
era is his forte, and he has 
written admired books on 
Verdi, as well as the first 
biography of his friend, Au- 
den) is too blandly, fruitily 
told; and is but a preliminary 
to his 100-odd pages which 
dispassionately recount his 
ridiculous lime at the Arts 
Council. Like Frank Hams, he 
doesn't suffer fools gladly. 

they are meat and drink to 
him; and many puffed-up 
reputations, artistic and politi- 
cal, here take glorious fells, the 
quick (usually slow) as well as 
the dead: I congratulate the 
publishers on finding an un- 
usually sensible libel lawyer. 

There are character-reveal- 
ing anecdotes by the score. My 

favourite is of the first Minis- 
ter for the Aits, Jennie Lee, 
inadvertently delivering a 
speech Mr Osborne was about 
to deliver. The Literature 
Director suggests that Aneunn 
Be van’s widow had little feel- 
ing for the arts; but concedes 
that Lord Goodman, when 
chairman of the Council, 
found her an essential ally. 

Lord Snowdon still owes Mr 
Osborne two-bob pieces bor- 
rowed to stuff parking meters 
during Council meetings. Our 
> swingeing author cuts down to 
■ sire , or below, Arnold Wesker, 

I Maria Callas (“an ignorant 
. fishwife”), George Sterner 
(“fun to tease”), Peter Shaffer 
. (“a women's romantic writer 
f masquerading as an innova- 
1 five playwright”). Soma Or- 
! well (“a buUy") and “the stage 

K Irishman", Frank Delaney, 
s Praise is lavished, equally 
a improbably. 

it The little Queenslander has 
added to the gaiety of the 

y nation - indeed, heterosexual 

y artistic persons seems an al- 
h most extinct species. The 
is pompous and humourless will 
r$ loathe this book; those with 
ie less to lose will be amused and 
v even instructed. 

Sailing around in 
a bleak nostalgia 

Absolutely unmissable book of 
the month . . • . 

Avery timely collection oWz 



The Times Literary Supplement , 

r ? , e sen d me a year's subscription to The Time? . 

i | 

Name — ~ I 

Address 1 

written in years of maturity 
about Bangladesh. Brazil. Cuba 
amd resettlement in Ethiopia, 

every word she writes is _ 

intensely thought -provoking 
Daily Telegraph 

■Her restlessness makes her a 

very good reviewer, unsettled 
and unsettling in her judge- 
ments, rushing in and making 
straight for the major cenlTaJ 
issue almost everybody eke had 
been sidestepping or forgetting 
The Times 

This book is not like a normal 
collection of essays, because 

Genuine Greer doesn it wnte 
normal essays. Everythmgshe 

writes is like a salvo or sortie in a 

larsKr campaign. The enemy 

may change: in theeady 
it's the hypocrisy and ^norance 
rfsocuJ repression, by the 
eighties it's the no less ignore" 

a) l enclose my cheque (or , £4 ° ™ ade 
payable to The Times Supplements. 

b) Please charge my credit card 


_ Dat e 

E4 ° — — rrrgyprtl aB 

please tick- — 

' ■n-^ihpr with vour payment tp Linda Bartteti. « 
Please w** House. Si lohn s Lane. £ 

I is* :n oriv-HUKIOWSOTi 31 December V- 


'Masterful, forthright, lurid, by 

turns passionate and persuaswe. 
teasing, paradoxical, provoca- 
tive, Greer comes surely as dose 
as it's possible to come to a 
modem female remcamation of 
Bernard Shaw . . . Impossible 
not to admire the wit. c ourage , 
originality and sheer entertain- 
ment of this brilliantly Shavian 
book' London Standard 

■She reports what she sees not. | 
asso many people do. what she | 

would like to see or is told that 
she has seen. She is brave, out- 
spoken and lucid. And from the 
journalism that 'entertained the 
couple under the Habitat duvet 
on Sunday mornings*, through 
the uninhibited articles written 
for the underground magazine 
Oz, to the long, heartfelt pieces 

Ethiopia' New Society 

To be able to trace the literary 
jpvdopment of fok and 

incisive mind isa joy Sunday 





In bookshops now 

Doctor Johnson once demol- 
ished a contemporary travel 

writer by roaring that fie 
“acquired some reputation by 
travelling abroad, but lost it all 

by travelling at home. This is 

hardly surprising. “Home is — 
more elusive than Timbuktu, 
and Jonathan Raban s Coast- 
ing — the account of his cir- 
cumnavigating Britain in a ^ 
thirty-foot ketch — is a frus- 
trated search for it 

He skirts the cold island 
nervouslv. He understands — 
but will not forgive -ns s- 
ebauvinism, its social preten- 
sions, its philistinism. Some- jg* 

times he seems ot be paying it g| 
back for something. In tms tgi 
sophisticated and choicely Eg 
written book, the country is Sjg 
alternately sparring-partner, EE 
whipping-boy, and the recoi- sp 
lecied setting of the author s ; 

pS The catalogue of Mr ^ 
Raban’s landfalls conveys lit- gg 
tie of the book's purpose, feg 
threaded as it is by memory 
and critique. He meets the 
Falklands task force heading 
south-west, and the jingoism 
(or indifference) that the war 
engenders becomes one ol l* 
Coastings leitmotivs. The 
honeysuckle prettiness of Rye “ 
engenders a deflationary £ 
theme on the tourist u 

I industry’s “merrying o» * 
. I England”, from Westminster * 

I I Abbey to Lady Dl His visit to e 
|| Dartmouth Naval College u 
|| elicits recollections of fos 

|| loathed public school, staffed P 
1 1 by men who were officers by 
1 1 inclination and teachers only *] 

l| by necessity." (Why. I wonder, ' 

1 1 do those who enjoyed schooi a 
|| never write about it. or j 
|| weren’t there any?) [ 

1 1 Mr Raban coasts gratefully } 
1 1 away. He goes crabbing with 
II fishermen offLyme Regis, hits 
|| a squall beyond Chichester, ] 
1 1 and evokes the transforma- 
1 1 tion of Lymington from tfie ; 
|| old-worid snobbery of Ins 1 

|| boyhood to a trashy wealth, in 

1 1 Brighton he has a dyspeptic 
1 1 meeting with Paul Theroux, 

1 1 who is going around Britain m 
1 1 the opposite direction, writing 
1 1 his own book. 

I I Trying to lose his sea-legs m 
1 1 London, Mr Raban finds a 
II city with no night sky, no 

I I horizon, no real weather. He 

I I escapes north to Hull to 
i I lament its vanished fishing 
|| industrv. Still beset by .the 
1 1 notion that “home” is a gntty. 

1 1 ' actual England somewhere, he 

II momentarily mistakes this tor 

I I the coal-town of Blylh, and 

I I I there his written voyage vinu- 
! i I ally ends. 

1 1 Coasting, in one sense, is a 

I I I study of homelessness, of the 
1 1 1 author's alienation both from 
ill his country and his past. He 

1 1 describes a boyhood at once 

III claustrophobic and centreless, 
1 1 a relationship with his father 

Ilia priest, which is redolent ot 
I The Way of All Flesh — until 

I I I he disembarks for a healing 

I I I reunion in which their roles 
JJ | are subtly reversed. This is 

Colin Thnbron 

By Jonathan Raban 

Collins Harvtll. £10.95 

, •* 

This is an ambitions book, 
dealing with the strange and 
diverse ways that loss can 
affect the human mind and 

body* , . . , 

Death by drowning twice 
devastates a family living re- 
mote in a great house m 
Ireland. One way to cope with 

such grief is to withdraw from 
the world, denying the passage H 

of t v ™- ; this is the eccentric 
Pake’s refuge, and provides an 
other-worldly environment for 
Catherine, his niece, to grow 
np in- When this paradise too 
is invaded, and Catherine is 
| literally blasted out of her 
| protective shell, she escapes 
into a glut of experiences and 
I so into madness. She is drawn 

back to reallife by a lover who 

can help her find the key to the 
cupboard where the family — 
| skeletons lie. . i n 

| Henrietta Garnett has a w 
I natural gift for story-telling; « 
and much of this novel is so » 
good that it is easy to forgive “ 
the occasional archness and J 

| pretentiousness, and the faux- " 
naifopening, where an attempt 

to convey the simplicity of J 
I youth in brief, staccato sen- 4 
| tences merely makes it seem 
| callow. _ k 

I Nevertheless, hers is a rare “ 
1 ability to create characters * 
that breathe, conversations ® 
' I that one can listen in to, aim 
places that have an authentic J 
f life of their own. There is an 
i 1 attractive sense of space i 

I throughout the book, room for 

f | situations and people to devel- j 
. op. Henrietta Garnett is par- J 
i ticnlarly adept at expressing 
, { that elusive emotion, tender- 
e ness, even if sex provides too 
e | many easy answers m ,th e , 
t hitter half of the book. The is 
e | not yet the formidable talent 
it that her publishers daim, feast 
e | ft teapromisiiig beginning. 

5 Hidden Pictures has a 
“ depth, poise, and serenity that 
belie the author's own youth; 
f | for a second novel it is 
" | astonishingly confident Laura 

II J Giovanni draws pictures for a 

children's magazine that con- 

— I tain a multitude of hidden 
1 objects; in life, as in art, Lanra 
| learns to find what lies con- 
l cealed beneath the pattern of a 

oonnaL ordered existence. 

| She appears to embody the 
| American dream, with a tarao- 
| some young husband, a be- 
I joyed child, a career of her 
own, and a West Side apart- 

— meat in New York City; but 
j she knows that somehow she 
1 has lost her way. How she 

finds it, and with whom, is so 
I gently revealed, with snch 

— simplicity and grace, that I vy 

* the last chapter Meg Wohtzer 

has scored total victory in a 
battle against prejudice with- 

• I ont apfrareotiy firing a shot 

| As Lanra and David go their 
separate ways, they ami their 
^ n child have to stand nnn m 
their loyalties and their beliefs 
^gainst the pressures of soci- 
ifill ety. In the end ft is eleven- 

sS year-old lan who has to decide 

f|«jl which is more important, to 
P|f| share a home with a betero- 

sexual parent, or to stay where 


Isabel Raphael 


By Henrietta Garnett 

Gollancz, £9.95 

hidden pictures 

By Meg Wolitzer 

Michael Joseph. £10.95 


By P.H. Newby 

Faber. £935 

By Truman Capote 

Hamish Hamilton. £9.95 

love is hot no marriage can be 
recognized. This is a serious 
book about good people,, who 
ffianag g to behave surprisingly 
well in a situation where there 
are no rules. 

How different from the 
alarms and excursions of 
pjj. Newby's extraordinary 
romp through the 1970s. It is 
lucky that be is such an old 
hand at story-telling, because 
Leaning in the Wind is the 
silliest stuff that ever I read. It 
is like a soap opera, with mnu- 
instalments crowded in upon 
each other, and less than no 
limp to absorb one before the 
next is on the air. A small cast 
of remarkably gullible charac- 
ters, who nonetheless occupy 
intellectual and high-powered 
positions, moves in a triangle 
between post-colonial Africa, 
where witchcraft flourishes, 
Bicester, for adultery m the 

comm uter/h anting set, and an 

America so broadly carica- 
tured that I began to wonder 
just how seriously the whole 
book was intended. 

It meanders without appar- 
ent purpose through a series of 
coincidences that link an Eng- 
lish poet-eum-dty gent, Edwin 

Parsler, with a German- Amer- 
ican family, whose Titian- 
haired daughter Lisa becomes 
1 his Muse. Factional Idi Amin 
' black magic invades the Home 
1 Counties. The narrative flits 

• about like a mosquito, buzzing 
? a great deal, occasionally 

■ ganging, and maddeningly 

■ hard to pin down. There is a 
r great deal of sound and fury, 

" signifying very little. 

* Answered Pmyers contains 
e Truman Capote's last nnpub- 
e lisbed writing, three chapters 
0 of what looks like an autobio- 
h graphical novel. I was going to 
V describe ft as scabrous, but as 
T Chambers defines the word as 
a only “bordering on the 

*“ indecent”, ft will hardly do m 

this context. Most of the book 
ir is wildly obscene and brilliant- 
ir ly written; Capote could make 
in a single paragraph more mem- 
fs orable than other men s chap- 
i- tore. If you haven t the 
a- stomach for much, at least 
le don't miss the vignette of 
to Colette on Page * 13 . Fact or 
o- fiction? In the face of pertec- 
re tion, who cares? 

Raban: forever wandering 
with a hungry heart 

awesomely well done, almost 
painful in its dispassion. 

The geographical sea-dis- 
tance that Mr Raban keeps is 
twinned with an inner dis- 
tance. He evokes the small 
societies of town or village 
with an acid incisiveness. His 
eye for the betraying detail, for 
the outer sign of the inner 
malaise, is lynx-sharp. The 
poetry is in the pitilessness. 

There is a moment when he 
meets Philip Larkin in Hull. 

At first this has the feel of a 
statutory stopover with the 
territorial literary non 
(Theroux had done the same 
with Borges and Jan Morris.) 
Then it becomes clear why 
Larkin’s poetry appeals to 
Raban. It teaches, he writes, 
“that there is no desolation so 
black that it cannot be made 
habitable by style. If we live 
inside a bad joke, it is up to tu 
to learn, at best or worst, to tell 

it well." „ „ 

Mr Raban tells n well. 
Nobody of his generation 
writes more subtly and imagi- 
nativelv on travel. His day-to- 

dav coasting produces an 
, inexhaustibly vivid record ot 
, sea-changes. Only occasional- 
. ly the book betrays the awk- 
, ward joints of a voyage too 
l often interrupted, or is too 
thin in events for the images 
I that it excites, 
r It ends al an unexpected 
j anchorage home. Mr Raban 
. lakes a cottage m the Essex 
marshes, near the sea. "I like 

a its absences." he writes - and 
e no wonder, when presences so 
n often disgust him. But here m 

e the marshlands there are no 
■e braving gentry voices, and the 
s. villaee church is a chapel ot 
r obscure dissenters, “living at 

5 f an oblique angle to the rest of 

■;i England, so for out on the 
je country’s watery margin that 
thev had almost run away to 
is sea." Perfect. 

does it again! 

His twenty-fifth 
brilliant thriller 

“Immensely readable... 

...Another winner!” 

Jeremy Bennallack-Hart. F. Times 

“A past (and present) master’ 

John Coleman , The Sunday Times 

























































o m 














L c 













2 E 

|L & 

■— full 





- ex 

I (UV> 

Defence: never forget the 

Sir John Nott, 
Defence Secretary 
during the Falklands 
war, argues that 
Britain’s strategic . 
planning should be 
influenced more by 
the fiasco of 1956 
than victory in 1 982 

T he Suez operation took 
place within two months 
of my arrival as an 
undergraduate at Cam- 
bridge. It coincided with 
the Soviet invasion of Hungary. I 
felt as emotionally involved on 
the side of the Hungarians as I felt 
angry about the Conservative 
government's intervention in the 
canal zone, not least because the 
world's attention on the Hungar- 
ian tragedy seemed to have been 
diverted by the futility of Suez. 

I had arrived at Cambridge after 
five years' service as a regular 
soldier in Malaya: during that 
time I had acted as .ADC to the C- 
in-C Far East, who was the 
immediate superior of General 
StockwelL then GOC. My military 
service and my acquaintanceship 
with General Stodcwell led me to 
follow the military’ operation at 
Suez, under Stockwell’s com- 
mand. with more than usual 

Cambridge was rife with politi- 
cal controversy during that first 
term. A protest meeting on Suez, 
addressed by the Hon Anthony 
Wedgwood-Benn. was disrupted 
by the Pitt Club and the Trinity 
Foot Beagles; I felt a warm 
sympathy for Benn. There were 
noisy debates in the Union. I 
proposed the rather foolhardy 
motion. “That this House would 
risk a third world war for the sake 
of a communist satellite in 
revolt". In those debates and the 
ferment that surrounded them. 
Suez and the Soviet intervention 
in Hungary became heavily inter- 
twined. As long as I live, 1 shall 
never forgive the Soviets for what 
they did to Hungary — and, to this 
very day, I feel remorse that my 
country did nothing to help them 
in their need. 

Suez became part of history. Its 
memory faded except, I suppose, 
among those of my subsequent 
parliamentary colleagues who had 
been in the Commons in 1956. 1 
seldom remember the Suez affair 
being mentioned by my immedi- 
ate friends who came into Par- 
liament in 1964 and 1966. Agroup 
of us were primarily interested in 
economic affairs. But f suspect the 
influence of Suez on our develop- 
ing thinking was quite profound. 
For it was a period when a number 
of us were under the intellectual 

influence of Enoch Powell, then 
shadow defence secretary. 

It was in discussions in our 
Economic Dining Gub with Pow- 
ell and others that I came to 
believe there could never be a full 
measure of economic and strategic 
independence for the United 
Kingdom unless we rid ourselves 
of a fixed exchange rate. 1C at the 
time of Suez, the government had 
been defeated by foreign exchange 
pressure against a pegged rale, we 
had to remove this prime obstacle 
against our freedom to act as a 
sovereign nation independently of 
the United States and other 
powerful allies. Yet, post-Suez, the 
notion that we might seek to act 
militarily except in allian ce with 
our friends seemed pure delusion. 
Suez had shown the futility of such 
grandiose notions. 

The Heath government came 
and went Sterling was floated and 
the sterling area abandoned within 
a few months of my becoming 
Economic Secretary in 1972. 
There was a further period of 
opposition. We won the 1979 
election and the key economic 
reforms, far and away the most 
important being the abolition of 
exchange controls, had more or 
less been completed by 1981 when 
I was sent to the Ministry of 
Defence, the most fascinating job 
in the Cabinet Thankfully, for our 
national freedom of action, we 
had avoided entry into the Euro- 

pean Monetary System and the 
associated political pressures in- 
herent in such a system — thus 
keeping sterling free and politi- 
cally independent for the coming 
baitles against Galtieri and 
Scargill. Suez was forgotten, but it 
must have been subconsciously 
very much in my mind when I was 
forced, by the inability of the 
Ministry of Defence to pay its 
bills, in 1981, to review our 
strategic planning. 

Seeing -the need to rein back 
defence expenditure to a more 
appropriate level in relation to onr 
national resources, I strongly be- 
lieved then that unless the Cabinet 
imposed upon the Services the 
need to narrow their priorities 
within HMG’s strategic guidelines 
(which are, of course, horribly 
difficult for any cabinet), we 
would wind up in the mid-1990s 
with a totally incoherent set of 
defences. Something had to give. 

Our first priority had to be 
credible deterrence from nuclear 
blackmail and Soviet aggression in 
the North Atlantic or on mainland 
Europe; decidedly not equipping 
ourselves for another Suez or post- 
colonial war. Influenced by Suez, I 
believed that we could not and 
should notbea rather ill-equipped 
military policeman for the world, 
even at the behest of the United 
States. If we had occupied the 
canal rone, what then? Were we to 
govern Egypt? If we were to 

intervene in the Gulf today, how 
could we sustain it? It was dearly 
foolhardy for the Americans even 
to send troops into Beirut 
The post-Suez strategic and 
financial imperatives point 
remorselessly in 1986, as they did 
during my Defence Review in 
1 98 1 , to the need to end the “naval 
task force" mentality, which is by 
no means the same thing as an 
out-of-area capability. We cannot 
afford to maintain two operational 
carriers, with one in refit, since it 
involves a cost in men, aircraft, 
equipment and supporting escort 
vessels that will unbalance onr 
force levels and capabilities across 
all three Services. 

A lready, only five years 
after the Defence Re- 
view,. the much criti- 
cized 50-frigate Navy 
seems unsustainable. 
The concept of global reach for the 
Royal Navy — for the balanced 
naval task force — is nostalgia for 
the days of Empire, the protection 
of the Suez Canal and India. It 
makes for a “good looking” Royal 
Navy, but very little else: Suez 
demonstrated the new world for 
Britain and the Falklands changed 

We set out to recapture die 
Falklands, after the invasion in 
April 1982, with no large carriers 
and too few carrier aircraft. Had it 
not been for the immense skill of 

our forces, under the outstanding 
direction of Admiral Lewin, and 
the great courage of the Prime 
Minister, coupled with good lock, 
the whole affair might have ended 
very differently, conceivably in a 
much greater disaster than Suez. 
In reality, we were imperfectly 
equipped to undertake such a task, 
nor with the diminished size of 
our national budget can we ever 
hope to be so. The muddled 
defence priorities of the previous 
two decades enabled us to do the 
job with a Nelsonian bravado and 
a rather delicate calculation of 
risk. By such are great deeds done. 

But we should not plan to equip 
ourselves for such an adventure 
again if we seek a credible 
maritime/air capability in the 
1990s to defend these islands and 
its people from the zeal threat. 

When the scrap metal mer- 
chants landed on South Georgia, I 
went over to file large globe in my 
office in the Ministry of Defence, 
and hunted for the Falkland 
Islands. Aspol on the map dose to 
the heart s of some British global 
strategists and bird watchers, it 
was largely unknown to me. I was 
shattered at the distance involved 
— some 8,000 miles, almost as far 
away as Hawaii in a horizontal 
otinZ — andl recalled for the first 
time in nearly 30 years the 
ter ri f ying ly long five days that it 
took those Landing Ship Logistics 
to get from Cyprus to the canal 

zone — a mere 300 miles or so. 

During the critical week be- 
tween the first intelligence indicat- 
ing the Argentine invasion — 
Wednesday, Match 31 — to the 
sailing of the fleet on Monday 
April 5, the -memories of Suez 
played a greater part in my own 
hesitations than almost any other 
angle factor. I knew that Suez had 
been associated with political 
indecision, dissension within the 
Cabinet, United States pressure on 
tiie pound, and seemingly the 
inability of the Services to move 
their men and equ i p m ent from A 
to Bwrth sufficient despatch. Each 
step between July and November 
1956 was dogged by political 
initiatives sought by the United 
States, leaving our mflitaiy . fan- 
ners in a vacuum. 

At least we were free in April 
1982 of the straxtjacket of a fixed 
exchange rate or the European 
Monetary System; for I doubt if 
we could have withstood the 
German and DM wm* “neutral- 
ism** of that time had we been in 

To win back the Falklands, and 
d e monstrate our refusal to submit 
to brigandage, it was essential for 
there to be a major military 
response, and immediately : The 
country owes it to my old antago- 
nist, Admiral Leach (for we were 
worlds apart in our strategic 
understanding), for the magnifi- 

Ronald Bntt 

How Ridley could rise 
to the rates challenge 

Many Tory MPs are cross with 
Nicholas Ridley, the Environment 
Secretary. They threaten serious 
rebellion against his proposals for 
next year’s rale support grant by 
which central government pays for 
that part of local spending not 
covered by rates. They complain 
bitterly that there will be a large 
shift of money from the shires, 
particularly in the South East, and 
from the outer suburbs, which will 
gel less government support, in 
order to give more to the inner 
cities and some counties. 

Ridley tells them in reply that 
27 counties out of 39 will actually 
get more this year, that the figures 
for rate increases now being 
bandied about by the protesters 
are unduly alarmist, and that the 
richer a community is, the more it 
can raise with minimal increase in 
rates, whereas for the depressed 
inner cities (where few pay the full 
rate) high rates are necessary to 
raise very little. Betides, he has 
helped by raising the total grant by 
£2.9 billion this year. 

But all this is detail. The 
principle of the matter is what 
counts. Ridley believes pas- 
sionately in the free market and 
non-interventionism. Yet he is 
apparently acting in the role of a 
redistribution isL What is even 
odder is that quite a few of his 
critics — principally those with 
constituencies in the Home Coun- 
ties — are anything but keen on his 
free market doctrines. Francis 
Pym. for instance, who led the 
shire rebellion last time, is a 
renowned economic Wet but tits 
for a Cambridgeshire seat which 
would be adversely affected. Last 
year Pym argued that the alloca- 
tion would lead to “wholly 
unacceptable" rate increases in 
East Anglia and would penalize 
the good managers to help the bad, 
an argument which might come 
mote naturally from Ridley him- 

So why is Ridley risking another 
rebellion in what could be the 
months immediately before an 
election? Why alienate opinion in 
the Tory shires where some seats 
are challenged by the Alliance? 
The answer is that be has no 
option. Under the system by 
which money is handed from 
central to local government, the 
minister controls the total sum 
dispersed but has comparatively 
Utile control over how it is 
distributed. That is all done under 
the 1980 Loral Government Act 

which distributes money accord- 
ing to two principles. First, how 
rich is a community and what can 
it raise in rates? Second, what are 
its needs? 

From this follows a complex 
computerized exercise to deter- 
mine what an authority requires to 
provide services comparable to 
those elsewhere. It is an attempt to 
achieve equality. But wbat it has 
also achieved is that once the 
government has settled the size of 
the total Exchequer allocation to 
local authorities (which this gov- 
ernment has brought down from 
61 per cent to. 46 per cent), the 
formulae of the 1 980 Act take over 
for its distribution. Money is 
allocated according to what has to 
be spent on various services, and 
the local authorities which get 
most are those with the largest 
proportion of old people, people 
with poor housing, one-parent 
familes and the like. 

As it teppens, these are also , 
often the leftist authorities most 
given to overspending and indif- 
ferent to how the money can be 
found, and frequently the most 
bureaucratically inefficient. 

How did such a system come 
about? It was brought in by 
Michael Heseltme, whose eco- 
nomic attitudes are (another para- 
dox) a good deal closer to Pyra’s 
than to Ridley's. But it was not as 
a redistributionist that he in- 
troduced the 1980 Act when he 
was Environment Secretary. For 
Heseltine had been faced with an 
even worse system under which 
the more an authority spent the 
more it got out of a finite total. 
Now, the more an authority 
spends above a total threshold, the 
more it costs the ratepayer. 

That does not worry the big 
overspenders, few of whose citi- 
zens pay rates in part or in full. 
Indeed, out of an electorate of 
about 3S million, only 12 million 
pay rates in fulL That is why 
Ridley is committed, as his im- 
mediate predecessor Kenneth 
Baker never was, to substituting a 
community tax for which every 
adult is liable, in place of a rating 
system with no real relationship to 
ability to pay. He would also 
introduce a much simpler grant 
system which would not be dis- 
torted by an authority's actual 
spending. But that depends on a 
Tory victory at the next election. 
Meanwhile, we are stuck with a 
system under which allocation is 
determined by “needs” estab- 

lished by what the big spenders 
choose to spend, not by the 
minister who finds the money. Yet 
it should be a fundamental prin- 
ciple of government that the 
minister providing money should 
also have responsibility for how it 
is distributed and spent. 

Fending a thorough reform of 
local finance, Ridley’s immediate 
idea for dealing with the problem 
is to get away from the existing 
anan^OTent whereby grant lost by 
a local authority which over- 
spends is put into a pool from 
which it is redistributed — includ- 
ing to the overspending authori- 
ties themselves. He proposes a bill 
to let the Treasury have the 
money. But some of his Tory 
critics want him to appease the 
shires and outer suburbs by aban- 
doning the idea and allowing the 
redistribution to continue. I 
should have thought there was a 
third way, which nobody seems to 
have raised. Why not redistribute 
the money to all local authorities 
except those which overspent? 

Ridley is a man of principle who 
marries conviction with keenness 
of intellect to an unusual degree. 
Will he be able after th? general 
election to produce a more sen- 
sible system? Loral government 
spending bedevils our national life 
because nobody is really respon- 
sible for it. Ministers who finance 
it are not Neither are the local 
authorities which spend so lib- 
erally within their fiefooms really 
responsible to electors who vote in 
small numbers largely as a way of 
expressing current feelings about 
national politics. But there is 
another more fundamental ques- 
tion to be faced. 

At present the system is entirely 
geared to channelling money from 
growth and prospering areas into 
social support within areas which 
are declining and decaying in such 
as a way as to do little good in the 
long run to the unfortunates who 
live there. The system bolsters 
dependency, psychological and 
financial within these areas in a 
way which intensifies hopeless- 
ness and non-recovery at the 
expense of the places where 
growth is a better prospect. 
Equalization has, of course, al- 
ways been necessary in local 
government and there can be no 
question of abandoning respons- 
ibility for real need. But it is lime 
to face the way the system works 
more honestly than anyone has 
cared to do so far. 




Britain's public schools have 
given a black mark to Amanda 
Atha and Sarah Drummond, co- 
authors of the jokey but critical 
Harpers and Queen's Good 
Schools Guide ; condensed last 
month in our own pages. The 
Girls' Schools Association and the 
Headmasters' Conference pun- 
ished them for their “irres- 
ponsible” approach to the serious 
business of buying a better educa- 
tion by advising beads to boycott 
Tuesday's launch party in 
London. Some heads, it must be 
said, needed little encouragement; 
Christopher Turner of Stowe re-' 
turned his invitation with the 
promise: “1 shall continue to do 
the best I ran to right the wrong 
which you have done”. Patricia 
Johns of St Mary's School, Want- 
age, finding the authors “insuffer- 
ably patronising”, delivered a 
similar reply. “Our solicitors have 
the matter in hand and you shall 
doubtless hear from them soon," 
she added. The only girls’ head to 
make it to the party was Joyce 
Walters of Clifton High School for 
Girls. With the common sense 
that endowment policies cannot 
buy, she told me: “The book's just 
meant to be like the Sloane 
Ranger Handbook, isn't it?” 

Balance sheet 

While King's College London 
and Archbishop -Tutu work to set 
up a Desmond Tutu Scholarship, 
intended to cover fees and living 
expenses for one South African 

‘Remind me. do cruise missile 
launchers qualify 
for our five-star service?* - 

student a year at foe college, the 
student union is asking potentially 
embarrassing questions. “The col- 
lege might be prepared to waive 
the scholar’s fees but we need to 
raise £5,000; that is the annual 
figure the South African Scholar- 
ship Trust recommends for a man 
and ins family to Jive in England,” 
explains the dean, Richard Har- 
ries. This shouldn’t be too diffi- 
cult: the college has investments in 
Rown trees and Rio Tin to Zinc, 
both of which are active in South 
Africa. “We are mounting a 
campaign to get them to invest 
their money elsewhere," says 
Frances Taylor, the student 
union’s irate general secretary. 

• Seeking, perhaps, the aphrodis- 
iac to rekindle his political love 
affair with David Steel, David. 
Owen visited the Colchester Oys- 
ter Festival on Friday. Propheti- 
cally, he has beat hid low with 
Colchester Turn ever since. 


Government paranoia about the 
media is spreading. This week 
Lanrena Cahill, a vivacious Irish 
reporter from Fanning News, 
recently critical of the Ministry of 
Agriculture, was told she was not 
welcome at a. press briefing by 
Michael Jopling, the Agriculture 
Minister. When she refused to 
leave die room where reporters 
were to be bored by Jopling’s 
account of his travels to the Far 
East, the security men were sum- 
moned. Only a fortuitous meeting 
with the minister on the stairs 
prevented her ejection. A ministry 
spokesman explained yesterday 
that Ms Cahill had not told them 
beforehand that she was attending 
the briefing and was accompanied 
by a photographer — neither 
normally a pretext for exclusion. 

• When BBC boss Bill Cotton was 
asked by press yesterday if the 
Beeb would advise Kate A rite in 
her libel action one wag onr- 

“With their recent track 

record, would anyone want the 
help of BBC lawyers?"’ 

Frost proof 

John Murray, the veteran pub-' 
fisher, is to speak at the Blooms- 
bury Book Auction Sale Room 
this evening on the eccentricities 
of certain authors. They include 
Darwin, Borrow, Byron, Murray’s 
old friend Betjeman and, most 
obscurely, one Francis Head, 
lieutenant governor of Upper 
Canada during the 1840s, who 
always made a point of going to 
his printers clad in a dressing- 
gown. Late deadlines, presumably. 


Hazhir Teimourian 

Can we ever deal 
with Tehran? 

The reports that a framer US 
national security rfiiefhad entered 
Iran posing as an Irish priest to 
broach a resumption of US- 
Iranian relations have focused 
attention on Iran's internal poli- 
tics for the first time for many 
months. After a period ofapparent 
rfllm in which the religious 
fanaticism of the Iranian trade r - , 
ship seemed to be slightly reduced, 
there is evidence that a power 
struggle is in progress within the 
ranks of the rating ayatollahs. 

A new political . joke has been 
making the rounds nr Tehran: 
Visitors to Ayatollah Khomeini's 
house saw that he had a caged 
bird, a young crow. “Why have 
you chosen a crow, Imam?” they 
asked. “1 want to see. if it is true 
that crows live for 300 years", die 
octagenarian Khomeini replied. 

The joke is a symptom of the 
weariness which many Iranians 
now feel with the seven-year rule 
of the Ayatollah and a sign of the 
decline m the respect winch he 
now commands. What emerges 
from private conyersaticms with 
Iranians, both inside and outride 
the clerical regime^is a picture of 
accentuated factional ization 
among the clergy, their isolation 
from the people and & general 
disillusionment in the nation with 
whatever Khomeini stands for, 
especially the six-year war with 
Iran and militant Islam 

Khomeini is reported to be 
gravely iU. His voioe has not been 
heard on Tehran radio for several 
weeks and the half-hidden struggle 
of the past few years between the 
many political factions within his 
regime has broken to the surface 
with the arrest on treason charges 
of a number of relatives and aides 
of Ayatollah Husain-Ali Mont- 
azeri, the man officially elected to 
succeed him. 

The greatest division within the ; 
Islamic Republic is to be found 
wi thin the cabinet of prime min- 
ister Mir-Husain Mousavi, which 
is split along ideological lines. 
Mousavi and most ofhis minis ters 
lean strongly to the left. They 
believe, for example, in the na- 
tionalization of foreign trade on 
the model of Eastern Europe. 
(Mousavi recently visited East 
Germany and Hungary). This 
faction wields the greatest in- 
fluence over the daily running of 
the country. It & headed by Afi- 
AJcbar Has he mi Rafsaujani, 
Speaker of the Islamic Majlis 
(parliament), who is widely de- 
scribed as already the strongest 
man in Iran after Khomeini. 

A minority of ministers, how- 

ever, notably the foreign minister, 
Afi-Akbar Vdayati, have strong 
links with the bazaar merchants 
and s up port President Ali Kha- 
menei's bid for the top job. This 
faction is also extremely anti- 
Western at present and would like 
to strengthen ties with the radical 
stales of tin Third World and the 
Soviet bloc. 

PCrcbed precariously in be- 
tween is the official heir to 
Khomeini's mantle, Ayatollah 
Monlazeri, in the desert city of 
Qom. He has acquired the reputa- 
tion of being a simpleton, a naive 
provincial cleric who often wastes 
■ his time calling on zealots to curb 
theft excesses so as not to alienate 
any more of the faithful. 

Speaker Rafsanjani and Presi- 
dent Khamenei both support 
Montazeri’s selection as 
Khomeini’s successor, for they are 
themselves too young at present to 
lay any claims to theological 
supremacy. But they are evidently 
confident that they could confine 
his leadership to purely spi r i tual 

Another challenge to Mont- 
azeri’s authority is expected to 
crane -from the direction of five 
“grand" ayatollahs outside 
Khomeini’s circle. They have 
tolerated him so far, but now 
appear to be furious that the 
relatively - junior Montazeri has 
been promoted over their heads. 

How serions a challenge they 
pose remains to be seen, but 
according to one insider: “The 
grand ayatollahs are very power- 
niL One of them; Khoii, is 
believed to receive enough money ; 
from his followers in a year to 
finance the g o ve rnm ent fra a few 
months. Also, Iran has about 
. 120,000 clergymen and Khomeini 
has not been able to give official 
posts to more than ten per oent of 
them. The rest are siding with the 
other grand ayatoffahs.” 

What is certain is that the clergy 
engaged in the present unresolved 
power struggle can change their 
allegiance at will, and that every 
group sees the question of improv- 
ing relations with the West only as 
material for rhetoric and a ploy in 
the domestic power game. Most 
radicals, who still hold the upper 
ha nd resard the United States in 
particular as the Great Satan that 
mast not be allowed to contami- 
nate the purity of their revolution; 
Rhetoric on improved relations 
with: w ester n nations will find 
support only if it brings more 
weapons from the West for tins 
war against Iraq, and so dem- 
onstrates western weakness. 

cent way in which be and his 
colleagues goi the Sect to sea by 
Monday, with only about five 
days’ fonnai notice. 

At the meeting which look place 

between fora or us oa Thursday 
night, '. April 1 — the Prime 
Minster, William Whiidaw, my- 
self and, finer fa a the evening, Peter 
Carrington on bis return from , 
Israel — Suez was in the forefront 
of my mind and, I believe, theirs. ; 

H ow, with a. murizmun 
of three weds' sailing 
time, probably much 
more, were we to hold ... 
domestic par- 
liamentary and international 
opinion on onrsfafe, even if we . 
could get there after an 8 . 000 -mile « 

journey in a fit state to fight ’ ’ 
against superior force levels? And. • 
tew were we to prevent a rep- : 
etition of tbe dijastrous brcak- • 
down in relations at the time 
between ourselves and the US? 

After the experience of Suez. I do 
not think I believed, even with a 
floating pound, the time fag 
weald make it easy for us to 
succeed, unless we had at feast 
tacit American support The dip- 
lomatic am! political pressures in 
favour of mffitaiy hesitation were 
very similar to those on Eden at 
the time of Suez. 

As ft happened, tte long drawn- 
out series of peace negotia t ions, 
important as a prinre objective for 
themselves, filled the political ami 
international vacuum while oar 
fon r e s ywff tfe the interminable 
journey south. It was our good 
fortune to have a genuine friend in . 

Caspar Weinberger in the Depart- . 
ment of Defense. We happened to -P 

be in an era when political ami 
military rotations between the two 
defence departments were excep- 
tionally dose and happy. 

But even in a flagrant aggression 
n gxrn* British territory, it took 
time and the pressure of American 
public opinion to bring all the 
several dements of the admin- -v 
istratkm — . Department of De- 
fense, the securities agencies, the 
State Department, the White 
House and the President person- 
ally — to our side before the 
United States formally gave us its- 
s u pport We owe a great deal to 
our former ambassador. Sir - 
Nicholas Henderson, for his splen- 
did efforts at that time. 

Suez was a disaster. The Ealk- 
lands was a great victory and did 4 
much to restore the seifeon- 
fidence of the nation. It made the 
theory of deterrence credible. It 
demonstrated British national re- 
solve, somewhat to the surprise of 
the world. 

Its outcome was almost wholly 
positive for die nation. But the 
Falklands win be die cause of a 
future national disaster for later 
generations if we allow it to distort 
our strategic pfenning. Suez was, 
in my view; a watershed for Great 
Britam; its strategic and economic 
lessons should never be forgotten. 

Qtlmm M iwi p ap wi . 19»6. 






I Pennington Street, London El 9XN Tdephone: 01-481 4100 

Yesterday’s mid-term elec- 
tions have given an under- 
standable psychological filHp 
to the Democrats and . the 
corresponding amount of 
gloom to the Republicans. To 
wrest control of the Senate by 
winning nine seats in which 
President Reagan himself has 
vigorously campaigned 
^ throughout the . summer is 
* sweet revenge for six yean of 
defeats. It will greatly improve 
the hopefulness of the Demo- 
cratic party’s presidential 

But an election in which the 
governing party loses eight 
Senate seats overall yet gains 
die. same number of state 
governorship is one which 
resists any very simple 
explanation. According to the 
precedents of the “sixth year 
itch” the party controlling the 
White House in the sixth year 
of a presidency has lost an 
average of six governorships, 
seven Senate seats and 48 seats 
in the House of Repre- 
sentatives. This year, the 
Republicans may have lost 
one Senate seat over the odds, 

, but they have kept their house 
losses down to a mere six and 
actually gained control of gov- 
ernorships in major states like 
Texas and Florida. 

Both the Senate losses and 
the gains in governorships, 
moreover, can be partly ex- 
plained by the accident of 
which parties office holders 
were up for election this year.- 
With 22 Republican senators' 
(who had originally been 
elected in the 1980. Reagan 
landslide) compared to only 12 
Democrats coming before the 
voters, the Grand Old Party 
simply had more to lose than 
its opponents. 

Exactly the reverse was true 
of the governorship elections 
where 27 Democrats faced re- 
election compared to only nine 
Republicans. In the House 
elections, by contrast, the 
incumbents’ possession is 
equal to nine points of the law. 
Most interest was therefore 
fixed upon the 43 “open” seats 
in which the incumbent was 

^tiring. Of these, the Demo- 
crats won seven — and the 
Republicans won seven. What 
these figures suggest is that 
there has been a smal l moves 
ment of opinion to the Demo- 
crats in the context of the new 
political stability established 
by President Reagan in the last 
six years. The voters have 
shifted slightly left wi thin a 
political spectrum that has 
shifted considerably to the 

This interpretation emerges 
even more strongly when we 
consider the • nature of the 
campaign. If even this modest 
movement of votes 
occured in response to a' 
bruising ideological argument 
in which the Democrats bad 
attacked President Reagan's 
economic defence and 
policies, it might have greater 
political significance, rusted 
it was President Reagan him- 
self who attempted to raise the 
ideological temperature and 
the Democrats who frustrated 
this appeal by offering what 
one wag called: “less of the 

In these drcumstances, the 
elections became a contest 
between the superior wealth 
and organizatfon. of the 
Republicans and the greater 
ability of the opposition 
Democrats to exploit eco- 
nomic discontents and local 
issues such as farm bank- 
ruptcy in the mid-west This 
was a contest in which the 
Democrats won a marginal 
: victory. Irritation got out more 
votes than money could. But 
the larger battle had already 
been conceded. 

It is against this electoral 
background that President 
Reagan and the Democrat 
controlled Congress will de- 
cide whether to compromise 
or struggle between now and 
the 1980 presidential election. . 
It was predicted by many 
people, before yesterday, that a 
Senate loss would weaken the 
Resident's prestige and em-* 
boiden the- Democrats to op- - 
pose his policies on a large 
scale. After the fed, however. 

Democratic spokesmen have 
deliberately avoided claiming 
any sweeping victory of prin- 
ciple and called instead for co- 
operation between Congress 
and the administration. 

Leading Democrats know, 
both from the cam paign anj 
from theevidence of exit polls, 
that both the President and his 
main policies on the economy 
and defence remain broadly 
popular. He might respond to 
any frontal attack from Con- 
gress by vetoing legislation 
wholesale and even win popu- 
lar support for doing so. 

Secondly, though Mr 
Reagan may have Tost his 
political majority in the Sen- 
ate, he retains an ideological 
majority there through the 
election of some very Conser- 
vative southern Democrats At 
least , four of the new Senate 
intake, for instance, are strong 
supporters of aid for the 
Nicaraguan Contras. 

President -Reagan is likely, 
therefore, to have only mod- 
erate trouble with the 
lesiglatrve branch of govern- 
ment. He may find it harder to 
have -conservative judicial 
appointments confirmed; he 
may discover that funding for 
the defence programmes will 
be pared back; be win un- 
doubtedly be irritated by the 
manner in which the Senate 
Democrats use their control of 
committee chairmanships to 
promote issues and pro- 
grammes which he opposes 
such as protectionism and 
racially based quotas. On the 
broad outlines of economic 
and foreign policy, however, 
he and the Congress will be 
able to agree on common 
ground only slightly to the left 
of the. policies of the past six 

The 1986 elections will 
probably be seen in retrospect 
as a pause in the Reagan 
revolution. Whether it will 
continue or it has already 
reached it apogee is something 
that will be decided by who- 
ever becomes president in 
1988. ’ 


v i 


, y I 

W i 

i i U 


li « 

Since the move • of News. 
International’s newspapers to 
Wapjring, users of public li- 
braries in some *.30 local 
authority areas throughout the 
country have been unable— 
for periods of time varying 
according to the political 
d whim of their elected repre- 
^ sentatives — to read The 
Times on the reading room 
shelves. They have been de- 
prived of their normal access 
to The Times illegally. They 
have been deprived of. that 
access by people who in most 
cases knew they. were acting 
illegally. That knowledge has 
now been confirmed by Mr 
Justice Watkins’s judgement 
yesterday - and not before 

An alarming aspect of the 
Wapping dispute has been the 
way that the armoury of a 
hostile labour movement has 
been augmented to include 
censorship alongside. the more 
traditional weapons of vi- 
olence and intimidation. As 
well as libraries without their 
normal display of newspapers, 
we have seen students revile 
their lecturers — simply on the 

grounds of their writing for 
News International tides. We 
have seen Labour politicians 
do all in their power to prevent 
journalists going about their 
daily work of reporting the 

But a still more alarming 
abject of the dispute has been 
the failure of foe censors to see 
their activities for what they 
really axe. To impose censor- 
ship is one thing. To pretend 
that it is not censorship; to say 
that an academic institution 
has to come to compromises 
on academic freedom (as Rus- 
kin College is doing in The 
Selboume Affair); to say that a 
library is just another public 
service to be politicised with- 
out a thought that is a 
symptom of foe most virulent 
sort of disease in our national 
public life.. 

It is a disease which, without 
due exposure, could become 
an uncontrollable plague. 
Yesterday’s judgement is an 
important step towards identi- 
fying the dangers of this totali- 
tarian strain in today’s Labour 

The three local authorities 

whose actions have been 
submitted to judicial review 
were, in the words of the judge, 
“deliberately flouting the law 
in defiance of impeccably cor- 
rect advice”. The London 
Borough of Camden bad 
stooped to “transparent 
camouflage”. “There could 
hardly”, he conduded,“be a 
clearer manifestation of an 
abuse of power— foe remedy 
for which it is for this court 
and not the Secretary of State 
to provide”. 

On that final point, the 
responsibility of the Secretary 
of State, it is just as well that 
foe court came to the conclu- 
sion it did. For the role of the 
Government in protecting the 
integrity of libraries from the 
political censors has been first 
to claim poweriessness and 
second to delay. ; 

Delay was precisely what the 
local authorities wanted. If the 
ban bad been having the effect 
on the Wapping dispute which 
its perpetrators intended, then 
such dday might have been 
sufficient for the censors to 
achieve their ends. 


South Africa’s President Botha 
reshuffled his cabinet in grand 
style this week, despat ching a 
couple of ministers; retiring 
three more and creating a slew 
of new deputy ministers and a 
host of rearranged portfolios. 
The question that needs to be 

... a..., .l:. " - - 

asked is whether this flurry of 

activity amounts to 
more than a rearrangement of 
the deckchairs on foe Titanic: 
Anyone who tries to discern 
a shift to foe right or left wirthin 
South Africa’s ruling party will 
be disappointed. The elevation 
of Mr Louis Le Grange to foe 
less arduous role of Speaker 
will upset no-one except pos- 
sibly the South African police 
which he so conspicuously 
foiled to control His succes- 
sor, MrAdriaan Vlok, who has 
been schooled in the more 
disciplined culture of the 
South African defence force. 

reassure those who look for 
integrity, if not imagination, in 

For the most part, however, 
foe changes reveal not Mr 
Botha the erstwhile reformist, 
but Mr Botha foe administra- 
tion man. He has rearranged 
his senior and middle manage- 
of a 

but ft is doubtful whether it 
will counter its growing irrele- 
vance to foe central question 
of South African politics. As a 
- leading white opposition poli- 
tician, Mr Hhrry - Schwarz, 
noted last week,it is too much 
to expect the same people who 
invented apartheid to sound 
convincing when they claim 

ment in pursuit or a more 

efficient, though perhaps not „ that they are dismantling ft 
more -enlightened, govern- 
ment Whether he will succeed 
remains to be seen. 

It is common cause among 
the white electorate in South 
Africa today that the country 
feces a management crisis in 
government which matches 

the endemic crisis in 
black/wime. politics. Isolated 
from publicopimon, immune 
to the changes ‘ wrought by 
reform, . its bloated and in- 
efficient bureaucracy appears 
increasingly incapable of cop- 

could provide the smack of “’ ing with, the normal tasks of 
authority which the police so government Mr Botha’s m- 
soretyneed. ability, to square foe arete of 

The elevation of MrKobus how to share power' wifoont 
Meiring, Mr Roelf Meyer and losing it has left foe area of 

Mr Stoffel van tier Merwe, 
three backbenchers of well- 
known “verligje” or enlight- 
ened stripe, to deputy 
minisTcrships bodes well for 
foe future. Moreoever foe 
return of Afrikaner rider 
st ate man, Mr . Alwyn 
Scblebusch, as effective vice- 
president and minister 
charge of the South 



black/white negotiation open 
to reformists in foe private 
sector who are forging new 
affiances such as th&KwaNatal . 
indaba with black South Af- 
ricans in a common search for 
change. This remains the best ■ 
. hope of real irionh. in South 

Mr.Bofoa's cabinet reshuffle 
may just help to redress the 

. of -onvprhmen't. ’ 

■ At this momentof crisis the 
man who presides over a 
country with a very small and 
thinly stretched elite needed to 
cast his net wider. Hie needs to 
include, if not opposition poli- 
ticians, then at least- business 

and industrial leaders and he 
needs to improve the man- 
agerial quality of theadmm- 
istration to introduce new and 
daring initiatives, for reform. 

■ President Botha, however, 
has neither the temperament 
nor the inclination to look 
beyond his .own party and 
make the.- best use of his 
country’s slender human re- 
sources. While some of bis 
appointments are not un- 
promising for foe future, the 
new cabinet reflects very 
much his own will — and 
limitations. Mr. Botha domi- 
nates his cabinet in a way 
earlier heads of government 
have rarely done. For this 
reason, the. kind of quantum 
leap for which South Africa is 
reaching mlLhave to await his 
departure. . . 



Nicaragua and 
the rule of law 

from Mr Robert Carmmh, QQ 
and others 

Sir, Yesterday’s report of the UK 
intervention m the Security Coun- 

BBC libel action 

From Mr Michael Rakusen 
Sir, I refer to the tetter 'by 
Professor P. S. Attyah (October 
29) in which he argues that the risk 
of committing libel is an insepa- 
rable concomitant of media activ- 
ities. Surely, however, the rids of 
incuning enormous expense in 
order to dear one’s name is not 
one which should be borne by 
private Individuals when feeing 
public timitedJiability companies 
or public corporations. 

Perhaps Professor Atiyah might 
consider an amendment to Order 
82 of the Rides of foe Supreme 
Court so that a preliminary 
application might be made to a 
judge for an order that the costs of 
such a forthcoming libel action be 
paid by the defendant in any 

Yonis feithfuHy, 

michael Rakusen, 

14 Wedgewood Court, 

North rak Avenue, 

Leeds, West Yorkshire. 

The British Council 

From the Director-Generai of the 
British Council 

Sir, l am grateful to you for 
reporting (October 30) the ev- 
idence which I gave to the Select 
Committee on Foreign Affairs 
about Britain's overseas cultural 
relations. But please allow me to 
conect the emphasis of your 

repomn two respects. 

did not accuse this Govern- 
ment of neglecting cultural rela- 
tions. The fact of the matter is that 
Britain's overseas cultural rela- 
tions have not been given ade- 
quate weight by any government 
This national hesitation, which 
still persists, contrasts strongly, far 
example, with France, Germany 
and Japan. We are neglecting to 
lay proper foundations for our 
future rotation and political and 
commercial success abroad. 

There are over 50,000 overseas 
students studying in Britain. That 
number is insufficient but not 
toy". What I did say was that 
number of Indonesian stu- 
dents — 350 — in Britain is 
“paltry” by comparison with the 
thousands that go to France and 

Yours sincerely, 


The British Council, 

10 Spring Gardens, SW1. 

October 31. 

Investor protection 

From Mr Anthony C Shepherd 
Sir, The Government has asked 
the Securities and Investments 
Board (SIB) to reconsider its 
attitude on “polarisation” with 
reference to banks and building 
societies. This is in response to 
pressure from foe banks, who wish 
to preserve their commercial in- 

They want to be aide to con- 
tinue to be seen as independent 
advisers whilst supporting their 
in-house life assurance and unit 
.trust companies to a greater extent 
than can be justified under the 
rules of “best advice”. 

SEB quite rightly considers the 
issue of polarisation to be fun- 
damental to investor protection. 
This point has been accepted 
elsewhere, despite the consid- 
erable disruption and extra ex- 
pense to intermediaries that it will 

How is it that foe banks and 
building societies expect to op- 
erate effective “Chinese walls” 
whilst insurance companies, bro- 
kers, investment managers, solic- 
itors and accountants have all 
been deemed incapable of doing 
so? If exceptions ofthis magnitude 
are to be made, why bother with 
an Act at all? 

Yours faithfully, 

A. C SHEPHERD, Director, 
Shepherd Associates, 

Moriich House, 

The Square, v 

Grantown-on-Spey, Morayshire. 
October 27. 

Tackling issues of inner city decay 

From the Director qf Architecture 
arid Planning, Borough of Sunder- 

Sir, You report (October 29) that 

President Reagan who once de- 
clared to the UN his wish to 
‘replace a world at war with one 
where the mle oflaw wiB prevail”. 

Whatever we may think of the 
merits of Nicaragua's dispute with 
the US, the frets are mat Nica- 
ragua did lake the dispute to the 
International Court; the court did 
decide that it had jurisdiction; and 
it did determine foe issue condo- 
sively in favour ofNkaragua. This 
is not some pohtical kangaroo 
court, but the supreme inter- 
national institution for interpret- 
ing and applying foe taw.The 
Security Cmmril is the body for 
caiforringtbe law. 

The US response to foe decision 
has been not merely to ignore it, 
but to veto any attempt to raise it 
before foe Security Council and to 
compound foe breach by voting a 
further Si 00 nrifikm to promote 
the very policy which has been 
held unlawful. 

No one who seriously , believes 
in the rule oflaw can condone that 
action. To condemn the attempts 
of a successful litigant to enforce 
his judgment as “politicar is 
simply nonsense. 

Yours sincerely, 




2 Paper Buildings, 

Temple, EC4. 

October 31. 

his Royal Highness, the Prince of 
Wales, criticised Britain’s 
housebuilders for concentrafos 
on the development of green fidd 
sites. Noth withstanding the 
protestations of the Honseltafld- 
ers Federation (report, October 
30), there can be Ihtle doubt that 
foe builders' current preoccupa- 
tion with green field sites is at foe 
expense of achieving foe urban 
renewal of derelict sites within 
inner cities and towns, where it is 
» urgently required. 

It was experience ofthis kind in 
the USA which gave rise to the 
"doughnut theory” — that foe 
excessive movement of. housing 
and ancillary into the 

outer area sought by developers 
will perforce leave a hole in our 
town centres. Reversing foe 
doughnut theory, it may wdl be 
that we must have the “theory of 
the pasty” — with aQ foe meat and 
fifling bade made. 

Disraeli once referred to the 
British as two nations, but now we 
are dividing cities, towns and 
neighbourhoods rather than creat- 
ing one combined community 
which should be foe base for our 
democracy. The days of the 
"wrong side of the park” ought to 
lave gone: we are educated, wears 
civilised and we are one common 
people, so why should there be 
such divisions? 

A bad law inevitably barfs to 
bad derisions. Such are those 
which result from part 10 of the 
Local Government, Planning and 
Land Act 1980. Under the Act, the 
Secretary ofState for the Environ- 
ment can direct a local authority 
to retease land for development, 
regardless of whether tins is 
acceptable in terms of the overall 
strategy of the authority. 

One wonders, cynically, how 
much influence the House Bufld- 
ere Federation has had on both the 
itioa and on the recent round 
directions which have been 

Yoms fa ithfull y, 

A T. RAFEEK, Director, 
Architecture and Planning, 

Nobody seems to be interested in 
tiie fundamental issue, and until 
this is dealt with no amount of 
exhortation or administrative flat 
will pro vide a permanent solution. 

That land is idle on a long-term 
basis in major cities must mean 
that the market mechanism has 
broken down, that foe asking price 
is too high. Several reasons con- 
spire to produce this situation, of 
which two are probably crucial. 

First, there is so financial 
penalty for holding 
dercUci/vacant land. The reason 

for this lies buried in the history of 
rates, as a tax on the no minal 
income from beneficial use, ignor- 
ing the serious adverse external- 
ities that are imposed on other 
land owners by dereliction. 

Second, land use planning, by 
designating areas for particular 
uses, creates expectations 
concerning land value. Not un- 
naturally, owners (whether public 
or private) will hold 
dereiict/vacam land in the hope of 
considerable gain. 

Until these two issues are 
tackled, with foe aim of driving 
land prices down in those parts of 
cities with large areas of 
derelict/vacant land, a satisfactory 
solution will elude us. 

Yours feithfully, 


(University of Kede, 

Department of Geography), 
University of Cambridge, 
Department of Geography, 

EEC hostages 

From Mr Claus Toksvig, MET for 
Denmark (European Democrat 

Sir, While rejoicing at the release 
of American hostages from the 
Lebanon (report, November 3) 
may I remind you that 13 Euro- 
pean Community citizens are held 
by armed groups in that country. 
Two, Alex Collett and John 
McCarthy, are British. Collett has 
been held since March, 1985;Mc- 
Carthy, a young television 

journalist, was taken last April 

Town Hall and Civic Centre, 

Tyne and Wear. 

October 31. 

From Dr Philip T. KrveH and 
Professor Michael Chisholm 
Sr, Everybody, it seems, agrees 
that the existence of large areas of 
derelict/ vacant land in our cities, 
at a time when pressure on green 
fidd sites is intense, is a scandal 
However, the public discussion is 
being conducted as aseareh for 
scapegoats — foe local authorities, 
the housebuilders, or whoever.. 

European Parliament urged, 
in a resolution passed unani- 
mously in early October, the 
Council of the EEC to take all 
appropriate action. Drafted by 
Lord Bethel, the resolution asked 
all governments with influence in 
the area to live up to their 
responsibilities in the protection 
of innocent lives. 

The success of the work of Mr 
Terry Waite is a victory for 
humanity. Fellow Europeans de- 
serve the same kind of dedication. 
Yours sincerely, 

dent, European PariiamentX 
Soegaard, DK7182, 

Brcdsten, Denmark. 

Combating Aids 

From Mr Stephen Everson 
Sir, Mr Macy, in his letter today 
(October 29) attempts to draw Dr 
Norman’s arguments about Aids 
to a logical conclusion. The result, 
however, owes more to sophistry 
than it does to logic 

He wishes to remove any charge 
of divine responsibility for foe 
disease whilst still claiming it to be 
a punishment for sinful behav- 
iour, namely anal intercourse. 
This thesis is one of peculiar 
incoherence and, since it wifi no 
doubt prove attractive to some, 
requires quick refutation. 

Mr Macy invokes foe notion of 
unintentional punishment “vis- 
ited upon humans by 
themselves” It is central to the 
idea of punishment that it be 
administered intentionally: sim- 
ple bad consequences of actions 
are not punishments fen: those 

One cannot see Aids as a 

punishment without understand- 
ing it to be a sign of divine wrath. 
This would, of course, be a 
possible position, but someone 
who held it would have to admit 
that such wrath has a significant 
lack of precision in expression. 
For, despite what Mr Macy says, it 
is not only anal intercourse which 
spreads the disease but vaginal 
intercourse as well 

It is surely far better to see foe 
theological implications of Aids as 
precisely and only those of any 
other cause of widespread suffer- 
ing and immature death. One can 
then get on with offering help to 
those who are affected by it Any 
attempt to divide its victims into 
the “guilty” and the “innocent” is 
simply irrelevant to that central 
Chnsnan enterprise. 

Yours faithfully, 

St Hugh’s College, 


October 29. 

Hungary today 

From Judith Countess of listowel 
Sir, Roger Boyes has painted a 
grim picture of Hungary (articles, 
October 20, 21). His statistical 
data were broadcast by Hungarian 
TV and caused distress to many 

Yet, especially outside Buda- 
pest, Hungary is not all despair or 
apathy. 1 have been in Hungary 22 
times since 1964, including last 
July and August this year. I speak 
frixly good Hungarian — after 10 
days' practice I am taken for a 

Mr Boyes did not say a word 
about the provinces, I mean the 
peasantry, who form 30 percent of 
the population. They have never 
had it so good, although this year 
the drought did them much harm. 
The Kadar regime made a genuine 
success of the collective farms, 
and every man or woman who 
works in one now receives an acre 
of land as dose to his or her 
cottage as possible. The collective 
helps with seeds, fodder and 

The remark of an elderly peas- 
ant was typical: “From your 
grandfather we stole a little; when 
we were driven into the collectives 
we stole as much as we could; now 
we nolc 

we need tor pennies." 

Mr Boyes did not mention that 
officially there is no unemploy- 
ment — in feet there is a good 
deal Workers have to go to foe 
factory and collect 60 per cent of 
their wages every Thursday. On 
other days they can come in and 
play cards or chess, pr use factory 
equipment for black market work. 

As Mr Boyes rightly pointed 
out, Hungary is neither a com- 
munist nor a capitalist country. 
Vacillation between the two 
makes thing * even more difficult 
than if she had complete com- 
munism or “socialist capitalism”. 
This adds to die stress of the 
people, especially in Budapest, 
where Mr Boyes probably spent a 
good deal of his visit 
Yours sincerely, 


9 Halsey Street SW3. 

October 22. 

Church alterations 

From the Rev Gordon F. Raid 
Sir, While the regulations of the 
Catholic Church may not be as 
exacting as those of foe Church of 
England, it is not correct to state 
(leading article, October 20) that 
there is nothing parallel to the 
faculty system when alteration to 
church buildings is proposed. 

Such alterations nearly always 
involve considerable expenditure. 
At parish level, foe parochial 
finance committee must first be 
consulted for validity and, if the 
expense exceeds foe diocesan levd 
(usually £l,000-£5,000) per- 
mission must additionally be ob- 
tained from the diocesan finance 
board. The procedure is dearly 
stated in canons 1292-1295. 

Nor is control amply financial. 

MV diocese lit** rmiirm 

foal any plans of this son must 
first be submitted to the art and 
architecture committee of foe 
diocese for approval 

The code itself states that, in 
addition to these requirements, 
permission is required from the 
Holy See 

if it is a question of the alienation of 
something given U> the Church by 
reason of a vow, or of objects which 
are precious by reason of their 
artistic or historical significance. 

The same applies not only to 
disposal but also “in any dealings 
in which the patrimonial con- 
dition of the juridical person may 
be jeopardised”. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Presbytery, 

Loudoun Avenue, 


Ilford. Essex, 
rirtnliar TO 



ElAlamein, one of the decisive 
batties of the Second World War, 
began on the night of October 23 
when, more than 3,000 British 
gims bombarded RcmmeTs 
entrenched position GO miles nest 

confused and hard fighting 
enemy position was penetra 
The British public, after a week of 
cautious bulletins, awoke on the 
morning if November 6 to news of 
a great British victory 



The Eighth Army’s advance has 
continued over foe whole front, 
and in foe north a screen of anti- 
tank gone and tanks is withdraw- 
before oot troops. 

qiKurf air is hammering 

RommeTs broken forces in their 
retreat along the coastal road. 

In t hft 

hits have been scored on an Axis 
merchant ship, tanker, and escort- 

received yesterday 
from many parts of foe world 

ju tfinatpri that foe Ar m y'jt 

success bas had a bracing effect on 
all the free nations, and warm 
tributes are paid to the troops and 



FjroOwSpccM Oiga * n de» 

CAIRO, Nov. 5 

The official report issued last 
night announcing that foe Axis 

forces were in full retreat and foal 
9.000 prisoners had been taken, 
inctadinp foe Commander of 
Afrdka Karps, exhibits a degree of! 
confidence on the part of Head- 
quarters, MEP, in the ultimate 
isBue which they have been unwill- 
ing to show hitherto, though they 
have actually fipit it from 
beginning of the offensive. British 
successes during foe past 10 days 
have been deliberately under -em- 
phasized in official bulletins and 
progress concealed. This discretion 
has been justified. 

The completeness of the Axis 
defeat which was flashed on foe 
world last mght came as a surprise 
even to the balk of foe Egyptian 
public, and achieved a correspond- 
ing moral effect. The spirit of 
confidence in which the battle has 
been fought by the British High 
appears from the order 
of foe day. tamed to foe troops by 
General Montgomery yesterday. It 


The present battle has now lasted 12 
days, during which all troops fought no 
i m u n if M n it j y «W the eneoy is b”"f 
worn down. The allied air forces are 
taking a heayy toil of lne cohnone 
moving wealwai d on the main coastal 
road. The enemy i» in our power and » 

| juet about to crack. I call qpon all troops 
to keep up the prasame and not to relax 
for a moment. We have the chance of 
potting the whole Panzer army in the 
bag, and we shall do so. I congratulate aU 
troops on what has been achieved. 
Complete victory is almost in sight- On 
your behalf I have sest messages to the 
allied air forces foanldng them for their 
magnificent support. 


prom an AnmaUao Conapondm 
AIAMHN FRONT. Nov 4(ddqcd) 
The Hghth Army is on top of the 
en e my right along foe Aiamej n flue 

font nwmh rg . It can only be a 
matter of time before Rommel is 
compelled to take one of two 
courses: throw the powerful rear- 
guard he has left behind into 
destructive battle or retreat 

The salient now extends shout 
15,000 yards to the west, with its 
breadth .12,000 yards from the 
origi nal enemy Hoe. It was enlarged 
last ni g h*, when Highlande rs end 
ynifaHiB w frtiw-.tepfi in darkness »nrf 
new ground south of 

Australians have now 
barred foe escape of Germans and 
Italians whom they have penned 
up in the coastal pocket They 
established posts across the corri- 
dor last night And sent in patrols, 
who found Thompson’s post de- 
serted. Axis troops are still bolding 
out in other strong posts, but as an 
officer said this meaning: “They 
cannot get away now unless they 
swim." .. . 


PRETORIA, Nov. 5. - Mr. 
Churchill, in a telegram to the 
acting South African Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Ho&rueyr, says:- 
l«ndywi mos t warm c ongratahtionB 
Upon the fresh i l Mwitf in nc piwwl by 
South African Division under 
General Pienaar, in the new hottto off 
Egypt. They played a glorious part in 
what may well become a derisive 

WELLINGTON. Nov. 5. - The 
Prime Monster of New Zeeland, Mr. 
Peter Fraser, has received a message 
from Mr. Ghurrhffl conveying his 
warmest congratulations on the fresh 
rinitinecirtn gatwwi by the New Zealand 
division, under General Frtytodg, VC, 
the ^memorable battle of Egypt." ~ 
Associated Press. 


Measure for 

From Mrs Frank Cole : *' 

Sir, The half-hearted (literally) 
manner in which the British have •' - 
adopted metrication can be exem- 
plified perfectly by the described *'••• 
measurement of a pair of knitting T 
needles purchased recently — 

Yours feilhftiHy, 


16 Thirmton Dene, 

Reckenfiam. Kem. 


. 8 S£ rl SH 1 flUSiliS ?? g| S' ,tS'SB , 'S5B-a>g.gSa.CFPga*F , S.aH!!8&S-BH&8a I I 8S!>&aRB!?BSS!MSSR»9aHa«.0B.<WBo=- 

; < ^5 v 

. »:' r -f .* 1 ' r 
}*' . t.i 






November 5: The Queen held 
an Investiture at Buckingham 
Palace this morning. 

Her Majesty held a Council at 
12.30 pm. 

There were present: the Vi*, 
count Whixelaw (Lord Presi- 
dent). the Right Hon Rtter 
Walker, MP (Secretary of State 
for Energy), the Right Hon John 
MacGregor, MP (Chrer Sec- 
retary, Treasury) and the Right 
Hon Richard Lu c e. MP (Min- 
ister of State, Privy Council 

The Hon Sir Thomas Bing- 
ham was sworn in a Member of 
Her Majesty’s Most Honourable 
Privy Council. 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was m 
attendance as Clerk of the 

The Viscount Whheiaw had 
an audience of The Queen 
before the Council. 

The Queen, Patron, Royal 
Colley of Music, this evening 
opened the Britten Opera The- 
atre at the Royal Callage of 
Music, London, SW7. 

Her Majesty was received 
upon arrival by The Prince of 
Wales (President of the Royal 
College of Music Development 
Fund), the Lord Mayor of 
Westminster (Councillor Mrs 
Terence Mallinson) and the 
Chairman of the Royal College 
of Music Council (Colonel the 
Hon Gordon Palmer). 

The Queen nnveOed a 
commemorative plaque and, 
af t e rw ar ds, with The Prince of 
Wales, attended a Gala Concert 
in the Theatre. 

Lady Susan Hussey, Mr Rob- 
ert Fellowes and Lieutenanl- 
Crionel Blair Stewart-Wilson 
were in attendance. 

The Princess Anne; Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Chanc ellor of the 
University of London, this 
morning opened the new 
students' residence at Wye Col- 
lege. Ashford and afterwards 
attended the httmeh of the 
College AppeaL 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
flight and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Kent (Mr Robin Leigh 
Pemberton), the Vice-Chan- 
cellor of the University (foe 
Lord Flowers) and foe Provost 
of foe College (Mr R. Older). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mane 
Phillips, Chancellor of tire 
University of London, this 
afternoon opened foe new 
students’ hostel for Students of 
foe United Medical and Dental 
Schools of Guy’s and St 
Thomas's Hospitals in foe 
grounds of Lambeth Palace, and 
afterwards attended a Reception 
in the Guard Room of the 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by tire Mayor ofLambefo 
(Councillor Kingsley Smith), 
the Archbishop of Canterbury 
and the Principal of the Univer- 
sity (Mr Peter Holwdl). 

Miss Victoria iegge-Bourioe 
was in attendance. 

November 5: Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother this after- 
noon visited Queen Mary’s 
Clothing Guild at St James's 




• s -. ? 1S 
i.:. ■ 

• . • . • f '■ ■ 

■ \ Jr 

Lady Angela Oswald was in 

attendance. _ 

November 5: Hie Princess Mar- 
gam. Countess of Snowdon, 
Colonel-in-Chief Queen 
Alexandra's Royal Army Nurs- 
ing Corps, was present this 
evening at a Reception given by 
tire Corps at the Royal Hospital, 

The Lady Gtencoimcr was m 

The Duke of Gloucester this 
afternoon presented The 
Worshipful Compan y o f 
Masons’ Award for Natural 
Stone 1986 at Mercers’ HaD, 
Ironmonger La ne , London, 

Lt Col Sir Smon Bland was in 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
this afternoon visited foe War- 
wick Row Centre, Lon d on, 
SW1, on the occasion of its 
Silver Jubilee. 

Mrs Michael Wigkry was m 

November 5: The Duchess of 
Kent, Chancellor, today visited 
the Deportment of Rheumatol- 
ogy at The University o f Leeds 
and this evening, as Patron, 
attended foe Leeds Defence 
Studies Dining Qub Dinner at 
University House. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of 32 
Squadron Royal Air Force, was 
attended by Mrs Alan 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother wfll attend the Royal 
British Legion Festival of 
Remembrance at the Albert 
HaD on November 8. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will attend foe Remem- 
brance Day Ceremony at foe 
Cenotaph on November 9. 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will attend a service in 
West Ham parish church on 
November 9 to mark the dedicar 
tion of the new organ. 

Queen Elizabeth foe Queen 
Mother will attend a concert at 
Goldsmiths’ Had on November 
II in aid of the English- 
Speaking Union of the 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will attend a reception 
in St James's Palace on Novem- 
ber 13 to marie the twenty-fifth 
anniversary of foe British 
Equine Veterinary Association. 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will open foe new 
headquarters of foe Church of 
England Children’s Society ax 
Edward Rudolf House, Margery 
Street, WC1, on November 18- 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will visit The King’s 
Troop Royal Horae Artillery at 
St John’s Wood on November 

Birthdays today 

Lord Avonside, 72; Professor 
Lord Bauer, 71; Mr James T. 1 
Bowman, 4S;DrlLB. Griffin, 
48; Mr Bernal Klein, 64; Sir 
Alexander MacFarquhar, 83; 
Mr David Montgomery. 38; 
Admiral Sir Anthony Morton, 
63; Professor Sir Martin Rofo, 
69; Sir Oliver Scott. 64; Major- 
General J. Scott Elliott, 84; Sir 
George Sinclair. 74; Lord Stew- 
art of Fulham, CH, 80; Sir 
Gordon Whittendge, 78. 

. /■. J 

/ »- •• ,• i.- 

-t \ r . 
' ■ ' , ■ > JW 


The first finished version of “Hope” by GJF. Watts, one of the mostfomoos images qf 
Victorian art, which was first exhibited one hundred years ago in 1886 , is ce l ling up for sale 
from an unnamed p riva te collector in Britain. Sotheby's suggest that it may fetch between 
£ 150,000 and £ 200 , 900 . Watts painted a second version and presented it to the Tale Gallery 
after the success of the first at the Grosvenor Gallery. The first version was bonght from the 
artist in 1887 by Joseph Ruston, MP, and has since changed hands several times. 


Scandinavian master takes 
£205,357 in Stockholm 

Scandinavia is busily 
rediscovering that it has bred 
important artists of its own 
and Bukowskfs autumn sale 
in Stockholm on Tuesday 

By Geraldine Norman, Sate Room Correspondent 

busily scored an unlooked-for price, lions. They proved .remaric- 
has bred Wilhelm Peters' “Fishermen ably successful, securing 160 
its own on Skagen beach** at Kr miflion lire (£80,000) for a big 
mm sale 610,000 (estimate Kr 180,000- Orazio Gentilleschi of “The 
Tuesday 200,000) or £54,464. The men Sacrifice of Isaac**. 

scored 2_3 milli on Kronor (es- are sitting on the dunes in the 
timate Kr 1 million) or sun mending a net and talking^ 

£205,357 for an impressionist 
rendering of three ladies in 

It is closer to the Realist 
painters of the Hague school 

white walking beside tire blue than to the Impressionists. 

sea by Peter Kroyer dating 
from 1909. 

Kroyer is credited with 
having introduced Realist 
painting to Denmark. In his 
latter years he settled at Ska- 
gen, on the extreme northern 
tip of Denmark, where there 

Swedish painters were also 
hotly competed for with a top 
price of Kr 600,000 (estimate 
Kr 350,000) for Carl 
Wilhelmson's “The 
Churchgoers”. It dates from 
1898 and is a naturalistic 
rendering of the congregation 

was a small bat significant on simple wooden benches in 
artists’ colony devoted to plan the village church. 
air painting. The three ladies Meanwhile in Milan Finarte 

on Skagen beach was his last was struggling with the prob- 
painting 1 using the bright pal- lem of selling important Old 
ette of the Impressionists, and Master painting s to Italian 
was left on his easel when he buyers; the national market is 


Another Skagen 

cordoned off from the rest of 
painting the world by export regula- 

\J\feII. well, well, what have we 

A cheque from the HSA Family 
Health Plaa 

Did I hear you say how do you 
get your hands on one? 

Simple \bu make a small weekly 
contribution of 2 5p up to £2 a week 
and the HSA pays you cash when 
you're in hospital or convalescent 
home afterwards. They also pay you 
cash when you have a baby and cash 
towards optical and dental cans. 

Have a look at the chart itll give 
you the idea. The one contribution 
covers you, your nearest and dearest 
and the kids. 






• £21 penneekeach 


up to 







£ 1 68 per week each 


14} to 



19 to 



\ 3nd areola 5ummdfyo< the 

\ ^ *LJ '717^ Pl^tieBls rfoihef benefits aeawteble on lequestAB the 

above benefltsaredoiJed if husband and wife bah bea^cornlbii^ 

FOR HER INDOORS self employed or works on 

commission and ends up in hospital 
| for an operation -no income. A 

l cheque from the HSA will help ’her 

| indoors' pay the bills, wont it? 

■ j Fill in the coupon or dial 0272 

v >4^ 217018 and youl! have quite a few 

' " little earners to look forward to. if you 

- ill - get my drift 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr G-EJ Bristow : . 

■nd Mbs XJ. Knocker 
The engagement is announced 
between George, second son of 
Mr and foe Hon Mrs Jama: 
Bristow, of Odcfl, Bedfordshire; 
and Juliet, only daughter of w 
and Mrs Paul Knocker, of 
Windsor, Berkshire. 

Mr AJIX. Bernard V, 
and Mbs CJE. Vangh*B-*owkr 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, wrongest: son 
of Mr and Mrs F.H. Bernard, of 
Seaford, East Sussex, and Cath- 
erine. youngest . daug ht er^ of 
Group Captain ami Mrs RE. 
VaughaxvFowkr, of Boars HiE, 

The painting is notified as 
of national importance which 
means that foe state has foe 
right to pre-empt foe purchase 
and any owner is required to 
report if foe picture is moved 
or restored. 

Tbe same price was paid for 
a little Dosso Dossi panel of 
“Salome presenting foe head 
of John the Baptist to Herod” 
which bad come into Italy on 
a temporary import licence 
and would thus be allowed out 

At Sotheby’s in London a 
sale of arms, armour and 
militaria had a better result, 
after recent depressed sales in 
the field, with a total of 
£148,500, or. 8 per cent, left 

Chinch news 

Church of Scotland 

D'SSJCTKH'® ^ , 

Rev James S Marshall to Lochgomieai] 
and Kumorfcti _ . . „ 

Rev Cordon R P a lmer to Gtowow 

Rev Aim toflttato tooCto a t 
Edinburgh: Qn ato rgntoe, . Cralga wmk , 
Rev John SdMdoe to gMradjM* 
Rev Andrew Dick to TutUbody: SI 

Rev John H Otter to ConUn- 


Rev John P ChalnWa W amWaptow; 
Trinity to Edinburgh: Palmerston 

Rev Evwn S NleoB from Ls tMA and 
arsneftnv jo Airgchar wiai Lios 
Rev Ian W F Hamilton from AOcm 

North to Nairn: Old „ 

Rev Smart D Roge mton from 
KndMimn with Portnahaven to 

BaBHestoiu Mure. Menwr ta i 

Rev Joyce P OMHe from A »ord with 
Krtg with TUnynesde mat Forbes to 
Corgarffand Strathdon with 
Gfenbuchat Towle . 

Rev Eric R Lacey tram Aurtdndqb- 
and KUdrnmmy to CreJch with 


Rev Peter J MacEwan from Colter 
wilt) ubherton and Quotbouan wm» 

Rev U ^S l H Whyte from Gourock 
Aihlon . „ 

Rev John a Ob u a an from Oaqow: 
WeDMgton (Associate) _ 

Rev Thomas Morton from Ruttwralen: 

Rev^mge D wmde from Kirkcaldy: 

Rev Douglas Lister from Largo and 

Rev a W Maiddiman Oran Fern. 
Can-son and Mcnnudr with Oattdaw 

Rev A R R Torrie from Bfrnle wttb 
Pluscarden , 

very Rev J Fraser McLuskey pom 
London: si cotumba's with New- 
castle si Andrew's 

Rev Henry D M Dutch Presbytery or 
Dumbarton „ 

Rev Charlotte Henderson CahmovMfl 
W8B» Limekilns- . ... 

Mr AJ4.Cwlrfe 
and Miss ILS. Morton 
The ensaeement is aMouncea 
between Andrew Nigd, tod 
son of Mr sod Mrs Hwohl 
Currie, ofMaudiline. Ayraiiie. 
and Harriet Sarah, yrnig 
daurfiter of foe late Mr Bui 
Morton and Mrs Pal Morton, of 
39 Carlyle Square, London, 

Mr M.C. Humphrey 

and Miss M.V, Fndni 
The engagement is announced 
between Marlin, ddest son of 
Mr and Mra DM. Humphrey, 
of lichen Abbas House, Win- 
chester, and Marina, only 
rfc uTghfpT of Mr and Mrs J- 
Fsadni, of West Drayton, 

Institution of 



The Institution of Mechanical 
Engineers is (leased to an- 
nounce. foal tbe following have 

and Miss SJ- 

The engagement * anaOunMO 
between Ross GcolB t so jJff w 

Headley, Surrey- . . . 

MtTJ. Ma dOntayM atUod 
mad Miss J. Ficdmty - 

The ensaaesient is announce 
<««« sonof 

Mr MJ. MacKinly 
of Mount 

way, Woitxsterslims. am* 

<g f MacLeod, of Elm Tree 
Farm. Dnrtey, Haapsto 
Jane, daughter of Mr 

Reebody, of Oxshoa.. 


Mr SJ. Thomps on a 

aa d Miss AJ. Heywaod 
The engagement is announced 
b etw ee n Stephen Peter, son of 

of Bridgnorth, Shropstaro, aad 

Group Captain and Mrs 
H^SoadTof Deddingion, 

• I 

Mr DJB. Walker 

and Mbs FJMLT. Thomsen , 

Walter, The Garden Home, 
Sahwood, Kent, and Femdla 
Margaret Tedey, dau^iw - ot 
Major : and Mrs Neil P. Thom- 
son. of Ne gfoorn House, Kelso . 

Service reception 

reception at foe Ban m ietoy ; 
House, Whitehall, last n^t. Air ; 
Vice-Marshal A. Be^ &roctor ; 
General of Supply (R AF), a nd 
Mrs Beill received the guests. 


inMnufia wl Science 
PoBcy F oand a ri oo 
Sir Edwin Nixon delivered foe 
annual foundation bxtmeof the 
Inte rnational Science Poficy 
Foundation at tbe Institution of 
Civil Engineers test night Dr 
Maurice Goldsmith, .director, 
presided and Sir Hermann 
Bourfw prcshtent, and Mr John 

Gratw^chahniari, also spoke. ; 

Leicester University 

Leicester University Enghteen- 
iiqj Department invites a! for- 
mer members to its saber 
jubilee dinner in L ei cester on 
Friday, November 28. Fafi de- 
tails can be obtained from foe 
department. Telephone: 0533 


MrC.C. Campbell GeUSug 
juid Mra EJL RxhMrtt 
Tbe marriage took place quietly 
in Suffolk, on November 1, 
between Mr Colin Campbell 
Golding and Mis Elisabeth 
Richards (nee Marsh). 

NebOe Uono R. Vivareffi 
Col mum 

aod Miss C Dingwufl 
The marri a ge took place on 
October 25, ai the Church of St 
Guiseppe, Florence, between 
NobQe Uomo Roberto Vivardli 
Colonna, son of Signora Nobile 
Donna Beatrice Vivarelli 
Colonna Niccolini, of Florence, 
and Miss Claudia Dingwafi, 
daughter of foe late Mr Fred- 
erick Monro Dingwall. and of 
Mrs Dingwall, of Brisbane. Fa- 
ther Peter Connolly officiated. 

Prince Georg of 

A service of foanksgi ving for the 
life of Prince Georg of Denmark 
will be held in Westminster 
Abbey at 5 pm on Monday; 
December 1, 1986. Those wish- 
ing to attend are invited to apply 
- for tickets as follows: Heads of 
Missions to tbe Vice- Marshal of 

parliament, friends and repre- 
sentatives of organizations to: j 
The Receiver General, 20 
Dean’s Yard, Westminster Ab- 1 
bey, London, SW1P 3PA. ; 
enclosing a stamped ad d ressed 1 
envelope by Monday, Novem- 1 
ber 17. Tickets will be posted on , 
Monday, November 24. Ad- 
missions to the service wiB be by 

ticket only. 

Latest appointments 

Mr Seristrar Bird, of Yeovil 
and Bridgwater County Court, 
Miss Eleanor Pbttt, QC, Mr H 
Hodge, and Mr MJW 
Churaoase, to foe Matrimqnial 
Causes Rule Committee, until 
September 30 1988. 

Science report 


Mead. Sheila Mary, of 

Tring £363*050 

Padgett, Mr Charles Stanley, of 
Can ford Cliffs, Dorset, 
goldsmith...^. — £649,192 : 


Durham University 

The Mayer and Mayoress of 
Durham attended * hmcbeoa 

f iven. by. Professor F. G. T. 
loOiday, Vice-Chancellor .and 
Warden of Durham University, 
and Mrs Holliday , at Durham 
Castle, yesterday. Among those 
present were: 

The BtofaoD oT Dartan and^Mn 
Jenkta. me Omn of doaw «aa Mra 
Baeiz. me Mayer and Mayenaa of 
Dtnttam. toe PfUttiBU 2 UBW* 
OoMor and tbe HWi Sbanff « 

Incocpended Society 
of Valuers and AKthweera 
Mr Brian GoswelL, President of 
the In co r po ra ted Society of 
Valuers and AnctimieeR, was 
host at a luncheon held yes- 
terday at the society’s head- 
auarters. The guests included: 

Sir Cedi Buraev. Sir MaBq r Gramm. 
Sir Ronald ERfe. Mr Fetor Gonsttbia. 
Mr R w Luff. Mr Donald Itoatt. 
Mr Junta Sbaw. Mr Pougl n amwi - : 
son and Mr Brian WDUxMe. 

Men oT the Year 

The 1986 Access Men of foe 
Year Inucheoti, in aid of foe 
Royal Association for Disability 
and Rehabilitation, was held at 
foe Savoy Hotel yesterday. The 
chairman of foe lun c heon was 
Viscount Tonypaady, and the 
speakers were Mr Norman 
Fowler, MP, and Mr John 
.Tompson. Guests included; -• 

TM Duke of Bucc Hw*u i l p te j lgr 
Of RADAR. Dr At Sbm SB aj toi a ur • 
nzan ofRADAR 
Mr EA. Bow tqg. , Iwg 
RADAR. M r Pydd RnWnjotL Ntm 

Mesons’ Company 
The Duke of GkinceSter pre- 
sented the triennial awards for 
Natural Stone of the Masons’ 
-Company Craft Fund at 
Mercers’ Hall .yesterday. Mr 
RA. .Wisby, Master, presided at 
a luncheon held afterwards. 

Insect aerodynamics shown 


J~Hospiial Saving AssoQaooc. Hambleden House Andover 1 

Y HamsSPlOlLQ or 1i Randolph Placa EdWaugh EH3 71A. \ 

| Ptease send m&MI derails ofThe HSA Heakh Plan. i 

j 1am not over 00 years of age J 

I MrtMicIMiss I 

I ArirtaPW I 

I -ftvwnrip | 

| DnckbOKkrrdetafeonteniir^anHSAemupinycwconipary I 
| rnmpanyNamo TM Nn j 


— z rflm 


The amummplace h m n ming - 
bird hawk-moth {Macrogiossum 
SteUatarmm) is hriplfig Genna 
researchers to improve Icrow- 
ledge of aerodynamics, and 
cocud u wti fl xa e tofoe designer 
more efitekat aircraft. 

Tbe Knk between .hovering 
insects and hdknptes is ob- 
vioos, bat Hnta now it had beam 

Impossible to photograph the afr 

innw * » aroud the wings ■ si 
sacb insects in laboratory 
conditions. . . 

Dr Sigurd tiring, of the 
Biology and Zoology Depart- 
ment of Phillips Un i ve rsi ty m 
Marburg, West Germany, 
ibfmd, after years of preliminary 
work, that some moths coaid be 
kept afire in captivity for several 

weeks (roughly their life-span). 
He chose the hmaraSng-birl 
hawk-moth as foe ideal Insect 
for his experiments. The math, 
th o ugh nocturnal, can fly dnring 
the day, is not of a nervous 
disposition, and . is quick to 
learn, ft coekf; therefore be 
taught to accept for. various 
conditions essential 'for hh 
oratory wurii. 

The moth hovers by vibrating 
its wings ' about 70 . times a 

second, and gets the energy to do 

so by sucking sector out of 
various blossom. Tt was eshib- 

By Andrew Wiseman 

lfehod, h owercr, flml the dag y 
imuiiemriilii (rf the hiiiHmliif- 
bird hawk-moth eqnallfd the 
nectar prodactioa of 1^54 to 
4^37 taxdave blooms or 474 to 
2,154 mid rose blossoms. 
Clearly, canteas could net be set 
mi to cover no many locations. 
The researchers decided to (raia 
their moths by efl eriug them 
honey so l utions hi ghw Jhliw 
In the laboratoty. 

. Some moths never bad them 
bed many flew to the new food 
source immediately. Provided 
the position of foe dishes was 
not doomed, they cosld fee 
accustomed to fly to then within 
a day. Ia fact they wore, trained 
so wefl that when dishes were 
shifted by as littie as two metres, 
it took foe moths a long time to 
find than. They contend to 
r e turn to the places from which. 

the dbdies had been removed. 

Once the infos had been 
educated to hover within none, 
of foe cameras, they had to be 
cond i tioned to accept the other 
ingredients of the proposed 
experiment: fl a rfhBgh te, strobo- 
scopes, sawdust and a continu- 
ous Ugfaft level of ftbo«UW),000 
hrx. When the moths -were-, 
prepared to fly and hover under 
these conditions, the open- ' 

neah besaui. 

Initial results established a 
“linear dependence” bet w een 
the real weight of the moth and 
the dowhwash produced by 
hovering. The moth's win gs 
proved adaptable to air am e nta , 
bendi . il, when necessary, to 

v flight. Its scales, be- 
ta be only d e corative, 
out to be fractional: the 
nts on foe hind wings 

Even when foe 

of air currents possible, they 
oonthmed to cooperate. The 
Germans' were ab le to detect 

l shal that t hey snpported^foe 

to ZSm per- second over short 

V About Ifl per cent of all maths 
coped with the dual load -of 
multicoloured sawdust (again 
-same took avoiding action) and 
mmatinal bright Itohts, and foe 
re se a rchers hope that their new 
method of photographing hover- 


Examixd&g '$■ 

. old bones 

attuned • 

ancient Critdo, JTWte 

Cypriote, » v d B-. aaBy::. v ff 

CQgiempqcafY^ JWifag --&& 

November 3 . He mas 7 !.^ .jif 
John Lawrence A n gc l wn i, ■ 
bora in London 

1915 . He wot n Ae tilted-- Ip- 
States m 1928 and beqgy ap 
American c itiz en m IwpeVf?- ‘ 
was educated A ■ 

School a nd ^ . 

taught successively tt _‘Ol 

sna and Ifiameoota nmnL 

PhifadehAia.. in IMS' m ■ . 
remained untti 1971 , 
as vis dag professor of arato- ■ 
my and physical aqtfewpoio - ., ^0 1 

^Angd first dkl fidd vrotk 
Greece, Turkey ted 
from 1937 to 1939, boL hg.« 
returned often over foe 
three decades. These . 

es resulted in two books: 
the Human Renatim 
nuALerna. the People (Wl\\ -I'.-M , 
He also stndfed OTnrtccBth ? j 

century romans bu rie d near ' 9 I 
cotocial WfflhmMbwjt. 'yg-r f f 
gittia. At foe time oflus (feafo > 

he was c omp tetmg a study on ■ 

tbe Roam of frro WK4s . r % > 
buried during the bat Camay 
in ihe cemetery as fee fiat ■ M - 
African B ap tist Cfebsch m - 2a' 
PMaddphia. ■ “ 

He was curator ofstysksd > . 
aznhropofegy at tho.Whm- i J 
aiiao Ntitonsl Mmu| of ■ Jfc 
Natural Hstoty riactpW?, . m- 
andbe bdped the ■&: 

police by examining &e «Me~ • 
tai remains (d* more thanSOO 

Pe SS t m anied, ia 4991 ^ Mv- X ^ 
ggret Seymour Rj rhar dsoia, , . # [ 
who survives him wttb their . 
daughter and two sons. -»f 

tai flight will, with future 
w qw rimra ts, help 
aircraft’ designers. 


Mb’ Anthony H2L OBE; . 
who tfied on November 1 at 
the age of 85, was the tost 
chairman of Strongs, ' fee 
Romsey brewers, before the ' 
company was taken over 
WbillKeadin 1969. - 

. Amhony Ewart Ledger 
was bora oo July 14, 1901,azMl 
educated at Mariborongh. H 
the period between the wara, 
besides his numerous direc- 
torships of focal companies. 

Ik served as a territorial in the 

Hampshire Regiment and • 

[ played cricket ^fijr the county. 

When war came, he made 
; his contribution in the Auxil- 
iary Air Force which he had 
joined in 1 938, and was posted 
to Balloon Command, in 
which he later commanded a 
barrage noil in fee Normandy 

He was subsequently i©> ' 
sponsible for aD the balloon . 
protection over the Gold, 
jnno and Sword beachheads, 
where the British and Canarfr- 
an divisions bad gained their 
foothold. For this be was 
mentioned in despatches. 

After the war he was acti ve 
in local industrial and, ship- 
ping companies, and joined 
Strongs in the 1950s, becom- 
ing chairman in 1964. 

When it was taken over and 
as fine des disappeared he, 
like many, was of the opinion 

a commercial inevitability if 
brewing was to survive - a 
view, understandable at the 
^ time, but now happily dis- 
proved by the resurgence of a 
nmltiplicity of small 
brewerees. ' . 

. He leaves a widow, Doro- 
thy, three daughters and a son. 


Dr Louis Minski, psychia- 
trist. who specialized m child 
neuroses, has died at the age of . 

Bom at Sunderland, he 
worked ax the Maudsley Hos- 
pital, south London, before 
moving, in 1938, to St Ebba’s 
Hospital, Epsom, as a medical 

In 1939 he converted foe . 
Shilton Training Centre into 
Sutton Emergency - Hospital . 
(later Belmont Hospital), 
merging the talents of the 
psychiatric and general medi- 
cal staff 

It was a distinctive ap- 
proach, and many of ms 
methods were echoed in a - 
1955 report. Mental JUness 
and Deficiency ; in which he 
had a hand. - 

After tbe war be-lectured on 
psychiatryar London Univer- 
sity. He also wrote a work for 
students. Practical Handbook, 
of Psychiatry, which ran to six 

- He was later a consultant at - 
the Royal National Throat, 
Nose and Ear Hospital, where . 
he set up a residential unit for 
children with communication 


Professor Adolf Basemans, . 

who died on November 3, at 
the age of 85, did pioneering 
work on the delta wing in 
Germany in the 1930s, and 
subsequently - helped desgn 
many h igh- pi-r fo rm n no e aiP* , 

craft in America. 

Bom at Lubeck, he pro- 
duced what then seenK»__ a . 
viaonary wing design m 1935- 

After the war, he wentto the 

United ■ States and became 
Professor of Aerospace, Eng}- 
: neerhre at Cotorado Univerei- 

ty.inlm- : . . V . 

' Amo ng other things he ao- , 
vised NASA on tbe HDeraimc 
tiles nsed on thespat* shuttle- • 

births, marriages, 



| Wan»,9 , Wnirtl , hri)il«0l- 

vJtVJlhOUtaW-UI ye BUU« ItU^MUh 

Arts 8: 49 

r 1 



M 0 M . on October JMu el Bath, k» 
< we Poulter) and Ritchie, ft 

■ BW.GrsMm. 

.SniT - On 27tfi OctotHT. at Btr. 
“Engham Maternity Hospbal. to 

■ Sjrtr Wr»«ll«yJ and PauJ. a non. 
: n«onias Paul- 

kiMCOCK ■ Ov Octotter 28. to Angela 
iorSi>Duncanj and James, a 
‘ ZmMet Lucinda Amy. a sister tor 
Sfli£y. MeUssa and Naiastw- 

■ Jiin nW. On October 28m. at 
"2 -ms; Mary's Hospital. Newcastle. 

i iV^iiif tn^e Nome) and Brian, a son. 

. SWn* wuuam. a brother for 
gcntamtn Robert 

i NO On November 3rd. at the Rosie 
' Maternity Hospital Cambridge. to 
Jrjcinda fnee Chesmore) and Jeremy. 

James Patrick George. 
v i faFU. - On October 3 lit. at Wat- 
■ rM Gr««l. fo Jilt tntor Gransburyi 
id Cturies. a daughter. Nicola 
Jjne. a sister Tor David. 

■UTT 8 CWS - 0° 25th October 1986. 
• m HUM KofHJ. to Deborah (nee Al- 
ign! and Paul, a son. Benjamin 

■ROBERTS ■ On November 4to 1986. in 
grow*. West Germany, to Annette 
lament and Mark, a son. Ml- 
awti Nicholas, a brother for 

- pnappa- 

unfidN - On Nov ember Stii in 
Hong Kong, to Sheila (nee Jaffei and 
UtOt* a dau^tter. Sarah Jessica Lou- 
, ** a rtsier tor James, 
nrcc - On 31st October, to Cm ‘nee 
Adderfryi and John, a son. Andrew 
□avid, a brother for Joanna. 

•j an b ■ On October 30tti. al 
Heattwrwood Hospital. Ascot, to Jen- 
ny owe T ay tori and David, a 
daughter. EmBy Rebecca, a aster for 

MUON - On October 30. to Susan 
mte Youngi and Alexander, a daugh- 
ter. (Miranda Frances Katharine), a 
dsler tor PhUIP. 


WATT ; DAY. On October 4th 1986 
,n Si Andrew's Church. Oxshoti. 
r^rcy. Jonathan Martin Wyart lo 
Susan Day. 


-JUMY- On Tuesday November 4 th. 
Turner How Loweswaier. Cyril. In 
hK 90Ui year, dearly loved husband 
of jean and brother of Evelyn. Fu- 
neral Service and interment at 
Loweswofer Church on Friday 7th 
November at llam. 

AGSHAWE - On November 4th. 
gracefully al SnHterion. Matlock. 
Marian, wife of Ute lain F-E.G. 
Bagshawe. FuneraL South Oar ley 
Church near Mattock. 2.00 pm. Fri- 
day November 7th. No flowers, any 
donations to South Dartey Church. 

. APPERAULD - On 4th November 
1986. suddenly but peacefully. In 
coiutan. Elizabeth inee Francey) of 
Bexley Court Reading. Beloved wife 
of Uw lale Oliver John, dearly loved 
mother. moUiw-in law and grand- 
mother of Olive. Alec and Elizabeth 
SkinnerV Funeral lo take place at 
Hurley Parish Church al 12.30 pm 
mi Monday November 10th followed 
By private cremation. Please aoflow- 
•ts but donations if desired to Chest 
|z 1 & Stroke Association. Eztqul- 
jps to Sawyer Funeral Service, 
Marlow 3331. 

LARK - On November 3rd 1986. 
oeacefuitv in Newbury Hospital, bis 
Stephanie, aged 86 . Beloved wife of 
William Marshall Clark, cremation 
mate Service of Thanksgiving at 
«'<*> Wood hay Church, on Monday 
,ovember loth at 2.50 Dm. 

SERTON On Wednesday 5th No- 
■'■moer, peacefully at home. Ueut 
3 bI. Scrope Arthur Frauds (late 
iighljnd U9ht Infantry). Much 
3 -. i.-d husband of Peggy, father and 
■randfaltier. FXinetal Service at St 
utin‘£, Church. Hindoo, at 3 pm fto- 
y.reti ay private burial at FonttifU 
itshop. on Saturday 8 th November, 
•amilv flowers only. Donations, tf 
tesireu to: SW. WU(s. Family Sup- 
port Service, c/o. R. Beckett. 
Daysmead. Hindoo. Salisbury. 

IYE on November 3. LatnalBuxity). 
u Queen Mary's Hospital. on. aged 53. foliowing a 
tragic domestic accident. Funeral 
Service al GoUers Green Crematori- 
um. Monday November 10. 4 put. 

ULCKSN5T - On November 5ih. peace- 
ful]} a n» home In Barnes. William 
Mven Gilchrist. M3.. aged 

TUvcars. Much loved husband, to- 
upLnd grandfather. At his reguest 
cr-.-ifuitinn pnvaie. Immediate family 
only, no icitters please. 

AKSELL . On November 1 st. at SL 
Luke's Hospital. GuUdtonL aged 66 . 
Reginald George. M.B£.. (Late ol 
HMS Kelly and Kelvin \. of 
Famborough. Hampshire. Beloved 
husband of Bet and father of Wendy 
and Bets. Funeral at Aldershot Cre- 
matorium. November 6 th 1.30 pm. 
Flowers lo E. Finch. High Street. 

’ 9" 3 nd November. 
PMteftdly al Perrins House. Mai- 
vctti, Dorothy, younger daughter of 

SL-STk ^52. **** Wan <r 
Hgwtot a^ in ha - 7f>ih year. Funeral 

■k 1 SSrS^ 0 ^- p “ 

■ ■° n -- Nww w>w ' at SL 
Stephen's Hospital. David James 

(nrrS'.l SC .j 71 ' 

lontterty of Sudan Medical Service. 

iM-Knpd husband of Lesley of ah 
W tUW»«h muse. “ 

race. SW3. Funeral at St. Luke's 
Church. Sydney street. SW 3 on 
wtonday loth November, at I3L30 
E? ^ ottoWCT l tw Private cremation, 
(towers by request. 

WHTM - On November JsL age 2 l 
Andrew, beloved son of Mary 
tBryanston and Ptterhouse). Funeral 
on Naventoa- lOthai pin Rids- 
up Manor Baptist Church. Sato tn the 
arms of Love. 

MPBkm - On November 1 st 1986. sud- 
denly at home. John Attster Kerr 
drariy loved husband of JDL devoted 
fattier of Andrew. Geoffrey and 
Jane- Funeral service at Holbrook 
Cnurth on Monday November iQUi. 
at 2.15 pm followed by private ere- 
maiion. Family flowers only, but 
donations IT desired, for Muscular 
wstrophy Society may be sen! to, 
Singleton & Hastings Funeral Ser- 
vice. Berners SL Ipswich. 

RATHER . on November 6 th. peace- 
fully. babel Elizabeth. Reoutem 
Mass. 12 noon. Tuesday November 
llth. at Thaxted Parish Church, cut 
Bowers to: P. Frauds and Company. 
Thaxted by November loth. A Me- 
morial Service wU be held at 10.30 
am on Tuesday 18th November al 
Little SL Mary's ChiBYh. Cambridge. 

ROMANES - On 4th November, of Au- 
burn HUL Norton. Mahon. Ctcety 
Ann MHchetL wire of the late Nor- 
man Hugh Romanes, beloved mother 
of Hugh and of Joan Westmacott. Fu- 
neral Service 2-50 pm. Wednesday 
1 2 th November, at Old Mailon 
Church, followed by tofennaiL Fam- 
ily flowers only please. Donations tn 
lieu, may be given to The Rheuma- 
toid Arthritis Association. 

SHAW On November Sib 1986. at Ms 
tome. Clent Cottage. Btrdham. 
Chichester. T.W. (TbnL Aged 81 
yuars. Much loved husband of fcobel 
and beloved fattier of Sue. Peter and 
Liz. Funeral al SL. James' Church. 
Btrdham on November Bth at 11.00 
am. Grtsnatton Private. No flowers. 
Donations if desired to: Macmillan 
Service. King Edward vn HospUal. 

SINFELD On November 2nd very sud- 
denly al Addenbrookes Hospital. 
James aged IS months, of Apple 
Tree Collage. Wortham. Dtss. Nor- 
folk. Loved only son of Clive and 
Dorothy, brother of HplVy and Caro 
lute. Funeral service ai Wortham 
Church. Friday 71h November at 
11 00 am. Family flowers only pig— 
but donations tf desired for The Chil- 
drens Unit. West Suffolk Hospital. 
C/O Rackhams Funeral Service. 
Stanley Road. Dtss. 

STEWART - On October 23rd. 1986. 
by a land mind, in Ute Sudan. Alan 
Graham, second son of Dugald and 
Image. Funeral service tn Standon 
Parish Church, on Friday 14th No- 
vember. at il SOam. Family flowers 
only Memorial service in London 

I HINDER > On November 1 st 1966. 
Marjorie Agnes Scott- or Broom 
Lodge. Broom Rd. Tedding! on. Be- 
loved wife of Frank, mother of John 
and grandmother of Lucy. Kale and 
Andrew. Funeral at St Marys. 
Tedding! on. 10.15. tim November. 
Family Dowers only. Donations Ux 
RAF Bendovant fund. 67 Pomaad 
Place. London WIN 4AR. 


CTWt y«r - A Manorial Sendee for 
Professor Noel Coiuson will be hem 
at the University Church of Christ 
the Kins. Gordon Soaare. London. 
W.C.I.. at t 2 zioaii on Monday 24 
November 1986. 

PULVERTAFT - R. Guv- ORE. Memo- 
rial Service at Derby Cathedral on 
Saturday 6 th December at 3 pm. Do- 
nations to The Leprosy Mtsskm. 


ARM S TR ON G - Mtakte. In loving 
memory. Mark. Mark®. Sean and 

BENEmGEYMUS - The Neuodd 
Retchel J.CJR. wilt always remember 
you. Benny. 

HICKSON • PhMP WBfiam. In lovtos 
memory of my dear son. killed .tof 
one as yef unknown, on the streets of 
London. 6 th November 1986- ‘Only 
one to aB Me world but aD Ute work) 
to roe. he lives forever tn my heart-' 
Loving mother and family. 

loving and war grateful memory of 
my mother and father. Kagop. 


Views of British past 
in line for book prize 

£ By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

finalists for 
>logy*s equivalent of 
oker Prize, the Co/t 
award. h3ve been an- 
ti. The winner will be 
reed ai a presentation 
British Museum next 

five boots, on British 
jlogv from the pre- 
• period to the Indus- 
le volution, are:_ The 
Foundations of Fre- 
' Britain, by Richard 
,• of Reading Itaver- 
ij t » Iron Industry of the 
bv Henry CTeere, 
>r of the Council for 
i Archaeology, and 
Crossley: Sneer Track 
stonhury. a study of 
one wooden trackways 
Somerset levels by 
- and John -Coles; The 
■ of the Countryside, by 
.a nisi Oliver Rackham, 
rpus Cftristi College. 

Cambridge; and Exploration 
of a Drowned Landscape: the 
Archaeology and History of the 
Scillv Isles, by Professor 
Claries Thomas, Director of 
the Institute of Cornish 

The Richard Colt Hoare 
Award, named after an eigh- 
teenth century Wiltshire anti- 
quary. is billed as “The 
Archaeological Book of the 
Year" winner by the or- 
ganizers of the British 
Archaeological Awards. 
Among the sponsors of the 
Awards, which include recog- 
nition of good archaeological 
work by amateurs and pro- 
fessionals. are English Her- 
itage, BP, and the Legal and 
General .Assurance Society. 
Institutional supporters in- 
many of the main 







■"«Sa s,s!S, “ 


A wide range of management appointments appears 
.*vor\ Thurkluy. 



oUw David ELUAS Ute of 10 EMM 
Hunt. Ehury Brum Brad- WcsttnimteT. 
swi wd mere on ism OcMber 


(Estate about X24.oooi 
TIw widow and Un of tbr obove-nwnni 
are nouoiM lo amity to Ibb Tteaaury So- 
ItoUor iB V.,j Ouwn Amrt Cbambcra. 28 
Bmaaway. London BwiH MB. (aHmo 
wbKb ihr Tremury Somatwr may lake 
stem u abnunRur U» esaee. 

THE lUNQvn prramy Umi Trrai lus 
apoobitea Mawril n.Cmw FRICS 
ilonitnty Drauiy Manatemi Dtrcewr o* 
MEPC i js Deputy Ouiinnui of the Oom- 
mmee at Monage mrai- 


KM Frmwi k mat anMber wil Mr 
■MHniiiv irfi in low. i do Iovp you Happy 
birthday. Cnr. 

To oty dofttag ox-wifr Marram Happy 
ewinduur Love Brut**-. 


FRIENOMBP. Loir or MatTUpr Ail asm. 
nrm Daieune. Dew <Ol 61 23 Abiimdoo 
Road. London W8. TH: Ot 938 toil. 

CJUJBRC CVS Ud p ra ma mui ramni- 
lum ilte documanlk. Delalts: 01-031 

MWMWOIUM for more man 50 years 
and «UI at your icrvicr Mon 10 3U 
lOam-s joptn. A-B Da«ia Ltd . 89 
Ourensway. WS. Tri Q 1 229 2777. 

CAPITAL CVa prepare hlMt «u>UV curric- 
ulum nun. 01-607 7905. 

CONVEY ANCUtC by fully qaaltfled Sollri- 
lor*. CIBO r VAT and «uttdard 
dbbunmtmtB ring 0244 919398 


school 116-40 ay group) Tri. 01-573 



Wtrandenbeauuiui nauaral cork teen. 
Cxtremety hard wearing ihe best mon- 
ey ran buy £0.96 per u yd * vat. 
Merafcaion velvet pile carpet id plain 
ctrtourv Bum in underlay 12' wide 

from stock 7 year wear ouaranree for 
home or ollKe. £4.75 per aq yd + val. 
Wus toe largest ■* lection of plain car- 
pruos Hi London. 

25G New kings Road 
Parsons Green SW6 

TebOl -73 1-2588 

Free EsUnuics-Exprrl Fining 

, An exhtwllcn 

of 1 7th A lath Century rephre furniture 

al our Bournemouth Showrooms on 
Saturday, am November. Demoostra- 
mms by one of our rrafronen todudiw 
riaboraie inlay work. 189/193 Otd 
OirisrrrNiiYh ftoaO. Soumrinauih 
10202) 2935B0 

aver 1. year (APR 04 -l Low inlered 
rales over 2 years < APR 9 59>l A 3 years 
iAPR i2-2°.-i wnNni dcMManoos. Free 
Catalogue. Ma Hiobgate Road. NWS. 
01-267 7671. 

GERMAN Babv Grand ptano superb con 
dtoon. £1.750 ono. Tel 01 3B7 6626. 


1987 12 Splendid views of Britain - a 
beautiful Christmas mil. Jim £3.85 Plus 
p ftp. To: Times Calendar. Special Li- 
braries Book Service. The Otd Moal 
Home. Si Johns Road. Banbury. On- 
forftmtrr 0X16 BMX or write for oner 
form lor calendars lo be senl dlrecl lo up 
to 18 inends Wtm a Greetings message 

CARPETSi BOto wool velvet Li 1.99 so 
yrd ID cotourv BOk> wool twol £a«9 
so yrd LO colours. Merakon Velour 
£4 99 VI yrd. Prices Inclusive of VAT. 
We can supply and hi any make of car- 
pet Abacus Carpel Co. ToL 01-940 
6142 or 01-948 0860 

FINEST Quality wool carpets. Al irade 
prices and imoer. also available loo's 
extra Luge room sue remnants under 
naH normal price- Chancery carpels Ol 
403 0465. 

SEATTIMDERS. Best tickets for all sMd- 
om esems. Cur chenla include most 
malar compaiua. Credit cards accepted. 
01-B2B 1678. 

HULL 1 1 FOR ANY EVOfT, Cats. Star 
ugh! Exp. Chess. L*s Mte. All ihe atre 
and sports Tel: 821-6616/828- 

Od96.A.Ex / Visa / tuners. , 

CATS, CHESS, Ln Mtsand Pmmom. AD 
uieatre and soon. Tet 439 1765. AH ma- 
lar drill rts. 

CHALLEN UPRfafT MsnO Exc.cond.. od 
lone. £900. Tri. Lowrslon lOGOCi 
740872 eves. 2950 day (Mr Inqhami 

etc. Nationwide deuvertes. Tri: <03801 
850039 fwmsi. 

steed ubrighL 1 st class playing mder 
CS76. Mini condition- 01-453 0148. 

2 BEAUTIFUL Brchstebi Grands. hnBl- 
cum Insiruments. good Price for mack 
sate. Ol 686 4981 


YOUNG LADY Rcmdied lor lovely Ken- 
stngion home, to look after twelve year 
old Boy. at weekly boarding school. For 
weekends. Half term and hoBdayt- driv- 
er preferred, applicant may audy 
during week Contact Mrs Thomas of 
Mrs Bradley Ol 283 2000 Ofllce Hours. 

admin paMllun Europe / M.E / Aria. 
Rel-d Mil Wus II yr» civilian MED 
EVAC / ADMIN. 4600+ fit firs / FAA 
Comm pDoi A CF1 IRW). RrilaPle. mar- 
ried. no depctioants. EJL&anborn. 60 - 
7iti Si. N. Nantes FkindB 33940 USA. 
TeL i813» 262 ■ SOSA 
COMPANY Pied-*- Wire wanted Cemral 
London. ANY Kcemric space/ flai w«h 
kfi A bath viewnt small renovationfs) 
consdkred. £50/ 100 pw Tel Ol 821 


Cash paid- 7 Days only. Hold Britannia. 
Grotvenor Sauare. Room 206 or 
Telephone Mr Grunhid 01-629 9400. 
REWARD GIVEN To any information re- 
ceived leading fo toe recovery of an old 
gold Du Pont lighter wtto initial's GA. 
Subtect lo nofmai Neal lermo and oopdi- 
bons. Tef- 01-878 8432 
JEWELLERY. GoW. Stiver. Dunonb ur- 
oeruiv wanted. Top driers. WSJiams. 43 
UmtH COOduil 8l WCl. Ol 405 8538. 
coots Gold, silver. ongte/coUrctlon. Pup- 
chase cash. Private Ol 505 1168 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and all 
uaJnled fmrniure Mr AsMon Ol 947 
5946. 667669 Carran Lane. EarisfKkL 


KOHawnW - W14 Profferional M/f. 
own room, rime lo tube, lsopw nhn 
MIK aU mod cons. Tel:01 602 3588 

STORE NEWINGTON. Own room in Ige 
house £IU0 pcm. 23 yn. +. prat person 
preftered. Oar aiy Tri. 286-6074 
(day. Caroline Smitoi or 249-1 136 eves. 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing Wr8 
estab introductory wild. Pise tel lor 
appt 01-589 5491. 313 Brampton 
Road. SWJ 

SHU O/R for M/F In rial. 2nd and 3rd 
riurrrs nrrdrd. Nr Tuoe. £130 and 
Cl 40 prm ntcl. Tri 01 274 5448. 

BARNES SWI3. Girl 10 share superbly 
eoiupped lux house with 2 prm. MS. 
Own dM room £56 |w. Tel: 876- 1 81 & 

BATTERSEA Prof M/F. N/S. 25+. Share 
lux flat with owner. Close Bn O/R. 
own balh £60 pw 01-488 3X88 day. 

BAY5WATER Second person. Share Hal. 
own room £66 pw. T«L221-730« after 
feJO pm 

CWSWfCR Edwardian house, ousel prof, 
□/r + 1 1 nr luge- h*ON smoker. £29 pw 
esc t. Tef 743 I77B eve. 

EALING WS. M/F lor O/R in garden OaL 
Tube 5 mins Wash. mach. £40 pw. Tel 
Ol 847 1217 eve. 

.ferny prainsloiial mase/temale. dPUbie 
^^Vri^Torraupte. tBOpw. T(CL 01 
948 0275 

uarblE ARCH. Single room to kn-rly 
rS^iel-SrLei fw»Jri. £51 pw tor). 

Ol 434 6J°1 S227 

PARSONS GREEN 3rd Person lo Share 

rSTom. LJ7 pw e«». Tel 01-731- 

swa Liohi. WWW and grandeur Own 
room sharing niaonmceiH Hal Cl 12 per 
week inclusive- Tel Ol SW 0910 

5WX2 Non smokinn P«* w to* 

homr.O/R £140 prm Uicl- Tct.OI 767 
2091 lines i 

SWll Prof man 23» t® lh Sl^i u5il,rla ^f 
liau Balimra Park area £240 pcm. 01 
228 72S2 

VJLUXUPY nai NWiOwn rftu room. 1 
nun JuWrlee Um-n/s frets* £100 
p/w .r>cl TEL1TH 01 586 0580 

SW6 iunm flat F o/r. CH. ^ fee/nMOilW. 
£90 pw. Tel: 01-731 6639 

HOLLAND FASH A romponttflAMr. rrtf 
■Me pTQfnsiepal female over 26. lo 
share house wnh owner. Own room 
with baihruon rnsiHte. £50 per ween 
Tri OL 603 4860 wfler som.i 

BROMLEY COMMON 125 mins lo Cn>i. 
Larue YirRsrun 2 hedroomed fin n»i- 
rimrue. suit n/s prof. Eioopw cad Tri 
01 462 1094 

r«i ran 2 nd (jiurl prnfrsslcmM N/S » 
shari- house mon in 2 minutes 
Aao/rrnitai une. LAO Dw Incl. 01 997 
8l9o eies 

4. Pro! M/F in inarm large flat, own 

room. Cl 60 prm nrl. Tet 1 037271 
20SJ9 6 00 - 9.00 pm. 

SHIIS Friendly now nrras 1 more. M/F. 
O/R. Use of oil ammille*. »/matn etc 
. E45 pvt Tri 01 874 0094 after 6.30 pm. 

PROF COUPLE to shore home in k'mnsh 
Village S Mites from M25/42 inter, 
change. Large double bedroom, own 
lounge ft bathroom Share i usury tilth- 
en. Rrarei no cnudren/pels. 6 monlhs 
ntlnnmun. RriumablP ctepouls/rris- re- 
i gin red. company Let erderml Rtease 
Phone- 0474&34171 after 6 30pm 
BATTERSEA F 22*- share spacious man- 
ston flat o' looking park A nr Kings Rd. 
O/R £175 Ortn 223 0912 after 6.00. 

CROUCH END, K8 O/R In lux flat - |usl 
oeroralrd and new CM win appeal to 
M/F who IS not petty minded. £47pw, 
Ol 348 5828 or 340 0036 


UTILE VENICE «9 1 inn Tube. Lux l 
bed tundshed rial FF kllcnen. beam 
pnv and mam. garden. Company lei 
only. £176 pw. TcLttl 289 7281 

OFF BAKER STREET- 2 bedrooms. 1 re- 
ception luxury flaL 24 hour porterage. 
C3O0 »w. minimum let 6 menus. Tri 01 
894 0620. 

P R OPE R TY SERVICES, manager* with 
the personal touch, require (tats/nowe* 
in most areas for - wailing anBUcaiUs. 
canaries Ruhcii. 01996 4176. 

read for mpkwnaift. executives Long A 
snort lei* ui ok area*, unfriend 5 Co. 
48. Albemarle SI Wi. 01-499 6334. 

AVAILABLE HOW Luxury flats A house* 
£200 - £1.000 per week. TeL- Burges* 
681 6136. 

EALING BROADWAY W5 Lge luxury 3 
bedim nai. All fanUte*. dose lo shop- 
ping mitre £260 pw. Ol 840 44Bl . 

KENSINGTON WB interesting 1st Floor 
Lux Mats IdW bed. sunny rec ku/dlner 
t nun High SI £I66piw mef 938 2395 

MR. TOWER HODGE Lux 2 bed flai 
o/loofc water, nr lube. £160 pw. Tel Ol 
265 04*7. pm.w/e 

L KEHSWGfOH Luxury 2 dM bed _fl lge 
rec. bath wHh w/c. sep elk. £2TS pw. 
Tel Ol 581 6109 IIO-TJ. 

STR REMHMCTON CfiBTRUng 2 bedroom 
basement flaL very modem kitchen. Co 
lei pref. £140pw. Tel Ol 589 9007. 

Wl Carden So. lge polio flai. » tori beds, 
lux Ml. living rrn. etc. Full furnished i 
eotoPDCd. £220 PW. Tel: >0342821 4307 

KEMSMIGTON Wl* spacious bright 4 bed 
Bunsn flat Meal for gracious emer- 
lautmg- Dbte recep. huge new 
appdanced UL Bathroom and shower 
room. Newly neced and nimed to nign 
standard. Great Vista over gditf Park- 
ing. Co let. Excellent value at £375 p.w. 
Ol 244 7353 in 

run /house' up to £800pw. Usual fees 
reo. Frumps Kay A Lewis. South or tor 
Park. Chrisea office. Q 1-352 8111 or 
North Of Ihe park. Regenl-s Park office. 
01-586 9882. 

DOCKLANDS unkrae mm use Studio 
Double bed. Shower n*. Mlchcn. 700 M 
n working area for Ubhl Industrial or 
office roe Underground garage, many 
oUicr features. TftOJ 987 4876/0264 
790860. . 

A luted, crockery. cullriV. ftororij-l 
bed. lounge. kU . balh. 

Un. porter, partong. fHerloote gtoel 
Miai. Cts tafeaea 4 luht £180 l»w lac. 
Tel: Mr Edwards 01-493 1747. 

THIfCKENHANf OeWghlftif 2 broropm M- 
Mu rtriiapr with large recep/dining 
room. fuUy flUed ui with wsamng ma- 
crune etc. Bathroom, large gdn wnh 
fruit frees. A vial now for 6 roanihs * 
£115 p.w. 244 7363 iTJ 
rated 2nd floor (UI with Ufl and porter, 
t double bed. 1 recep. k ft b. available 
now long f«. £2SOpw mcCH* CHW. 
Mmkells. 01-681 2216. 

Ctrr EO SupcrMy fftfea sm floor rut to 
heart of City. 1 b e droom- recep. balco- 
ny. r/f Mi. balh room. 24 hour 
porterage- ParMng Avail tor Mug Cg 
lei- £150 p.w. 01 244 7363 IT) 
CLAPKAM COM MON . Spacious 4 bed. 2 
bath house In preuy sireri off Common. 
Smartly decorated wtifi all mod cons. 
Sun 6 sharers ai £45 pw each t£225 
pwi Buchanans: 351 7767. 

Bedroomed flat wtto Garden nm 
Large Sitting Room. KftB. 6/12 months. 
£l65pw Co let. Brtnon Poole A Burns 
Cil-681 2987. 

PUBLICO, SW1 lovtev Garden UK wtm 
mirrored Recep/Dtner obenuig onto 
pretty rado garden. New ML 
Bato/Ehwr. Dble Bed. UbUty Area. 
£200pw. Cootos 828 8251. 

SW1 Lovely malsoitette in converted 

house. AU newly dec ft rum ihrowghow. 

3 DUr Beds. Dressing Rm. Recep. 
Kit/BTasi. 2 Baths. C350PW neg. Comes 
828 8251. 

BENR A BOTOIOPF for luxury properties 
In Si Johns Wood. Regents Park. Matda 
Vale. Swiss Cob ft Hampstead Ol 58o 

CH A RM U H mmac 1 bed Mf of river. 
TV. en. can. swfld of Btg Ben. 
lent rnsnsport Only (O mbu aly.ZITO 
pw. Tel 01 720 4806 (B.30-19J01 
CHELSEA STUDIOS Fumam rd Beauti- 
fully furnished and decorated. 2 bed 
matM>nrtle_ 2 rccegs. wirmwimi 
gardens. SSOO pw TcfOl 581 6825 
HTERC5TINO changmg sriectloci ri ^tor- 
nished flats ft houtev. from £i 600 w- 
£3.000 In Kenumton * 
areas. Benham ft Reeve*. 01-938 3622. 
KEKStMCTOM Newly lurntehed ft deco- 
rated. 2 8edrras. Mod BaUirro. Lge KB. 
Receo. £I50pw. 493 2091. Eves 870 
4703 fTL. 

KWGHTSRfZtMtC- FatxdOiB 1 bed flat 2 

ai nudes walk from Harrods and trans- 
port. Avail now lor long to let. £260 
pw. Buaianans. 361 7767. 

MAYFAIR, Wl Luxury Studio. 1 ft 2 Bed 

ants serviced 6 days pw. 24 hour rorter- 

age. For viewing telephone. Hcroetey 
Estalr*. Ol -493 0887 or 01-409 2S73. 
ROBERT Ntvmc + BURNS offers wee 
bon of flats ft houses M Ihe City. 
KiUgti&brldgr. KenslnguuL Wimbledon 
and other mm O! 637 0B2I. 

6. REM. Cteganl 3 bed. beauldul recep. 
riaesiC rum flai- PresUge property ft 
area. CH. washer, col TV. maid- 
shori/lotm lei. £300 pw neg. 373 OTS3 
937 Mil The number lo leraeiwr 
when seeking best rental properties in 
mural and prime London arras 
£l 60 l£ 2 . 000 pw. 

BATTERSEA Nr Park. Attractive 3 bed 
house Pa bo garden fully eq ui pped. J 
month leL £156 PW. Tri: Ol 228 3486 
BEDSITTER* Maida Vale. £4&pw Inclu- 
sive . N/unoker pre f ered. Use of Jtoeun 
+ bathroom. AvaU Now . Ol 286 0347 
BLOOMSBURY S bedroom, k b. NlUno 
room, nrtvaie garden souare. lenne 
rtc- 1150 pw Tel .837 1992 pm- 
CHELSEA: Lftgnt. luxury balcony Oaf. NJ 
rerep. tori Bedroom. CH/CHW. Ufl and 
Porter. Long lei. U8S. 01-622-5825. 
DOCKLANDS Flats and MUXt to 
ihroughoui Ihe Docklands area. TefcOl 
790 9S60 

HOLLAm m MEWS. WI1. Luxury {UW 
turn mews is# 2 brdrrns. !roo. f f Ml 
£300 pw RHff Diner ft Co 01-491 3IS4 
dCXI from. £526 pw plus VAT. Ring 
Town House APartmenH 373 3433 
MARBLE ARCH lum numsfeOn ««. 2/3 
beds. 2 retro. K ft B. CH. Co let. 
£>76pw. 01 BBS 4057 
out long/ shon led 1/6 •»«* bed «**« 
01 935 9612 «L 

MATT AM Wl Lux ton matsiwto | 
beds. 1 rec. new k ft ft 

Carpels C560PW. Tel. 0343 712617 

Nr HARROOL »»oua ldWe bM flai 
Lnumte KftB. f uro Taoo pw. Ol 691 
8721 (day) 852 0648 iftfler 71. 

SW8. Super slud» fc ft b- a *2 l y. b S, 
cfivs. pkng. £70 5*. Not ■ 
agenK. 499-7181 day . 622 ■ 962S eves. 

housed nah No (^10'“^%,™*" 

phone Williams & Son Ol 947 Jiso 
A WEST END nai and Hou»« u«t toFor 
Sate/Lel. Daves worife Ol 40? 7381 



British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Race, 
London WiH 4 DH. 

If you have auafifv nrooefty 
to lei. led us. 

landlords - owners 

Expert profrsilonM venfre. 



270 Earts Cowl Road. 


01 2A4 7363 

MHUDM VILLAGE [untuned i/r 
flrtl fl lLsL iw tounce. 1 «!«■ hrt. 
vjiHh laclrqgtoBkn. W- N!h. w W/C 
oiiired CH i year mtaMiium 
Rotcrenrrt nscnUto £B&5 ncm Ta.Ol 
946 1571 

ttoXHilOU* 2 brit/2 balh otort flftta with 

ctainiwtad'i'miManiMngrnt U» 

ol Uinft BWlnumna P°ot and gym. Min* 
tte v*wOl SZX> ■ C2S0 pw. Ascot 
Proper! its 01 4S6 5741 

in lamlly of 6 Mrobr* lo nrtianov 
rimirmnySaji Marino hnnrr farmtato 
LomMi (rsHKiKf during yctiool Clintl 
nuo ntotatav M?/12/66-ia/!/B7LT-L 
OlOl BIB 7960021. 

BJUMEB SW 1 3. Magnlffcwnny furnritini 
otteOroomedflftl on flrsl rVftoe R-ccnUy 
moriefiiBM tot morirtn nempromr. CH 
VTV Tel. etc. Co irt El» pw. Tci 01 
tna 7766 

KCKSMOTON New one urarcom mevn 
house available for company te - * Newly 
turntkhed muD but modern, wtm an fu- 
rmiw Tel. TV. parage £lAO »w.TM. 
Ol 878 7766 

On FBtCHLET ROAD. NWS Sparaus c 
bed. furmtoted mataonene to charmmg 
neMribowmood. CCH. Kit. too rereo. 
dining rm. vep balh. vhowee . !wt For 
Co let. £250 pw. Tgt 01-6339466 

CLAPHAM i min tune. S bedrmra 1st flr 
flto Kn/taato. recro. E> cry ameiiHy 
£100 per week. Tef 01 634 KXm Enin. 
2221 tdayiunei Ol 720 6331 Ievn.1 

F W CAFf* iManagemrot Sarvmsi Ud re- 
quire prapertirt in Central. 5ouin and 
wm Lonaon Arras for waiting appli- 
cant! let Ol 221 8838. 

HENRY A JAMES Contort Uv now oa Ol - 
236 8861 tor toe bnl selection of 
furnished flats and Mum to rent in 
Knton&fcflfefpe- Chelsea and Kensington- 

QUDDfSCATC SWT Gild nr flai c ml rally 
lor nr vtour Rerep. vUvotng nailery 
brarm. kil ft bam CIOO pw Co Let 
Maher ns 01 689 8122 



Sound Mute ano an 

ftecai ong sail unvi coos 

103727) -13550 

(037Z7i *1739 

Umbei ol inr mssMt ol Trawl ft Tou'dir 


KAlroU. Jo'Burt). Cairo. OUbal. 
bunbui. Singapore. K L Detni. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe, ft The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel. 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London W1V 7 DO. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

A» TICKETS Sw-CltorJs New York £229. 
LA/San Francisco £329. 

Sydnev/Meltiobriie £769 Alt daily dt- 
rM fiMhu Dartair 1 SO Jerm:-n 
SorcrtOl 839 7144 

cone. USA ft most dettuuuon*. 
taStomto Travel 01-730 2W1. ABTA 

SVD/MEL £63B Perth £E6o AU htotor 
camera lb AttS/NZ- 01684 737) 

CHEAP FLIGHTS Wmttwkfc. Haymarkct 
01-930 1366- 

taormma. sicn y rtao sort** “late 

BO>DS~ Winter Offer uf booked wllhln 
7 days of oroanuret Price fuUy Wl 
rin Calwkrk flfgnl n-tery Wed llami. 
transfers. A/T ax. 7 naqnts BOB In I Win 

'room with baih/showetr and vr 14 
iMMi •? £219 single * £J5wfc. NO 
HIDDEN EXTRAS. Offer vaUd 5 Nov 
25 March ISLAND SUN 01 222 7462 

LANZAROTE- Puexo del Carmen. Hum 
Standard apis wito pools. 

Fuettevenlura. Tenerile- unsuoUi re- 
sorts. Nov-Awrt i09B3i 771260. 
Tu resway Holidays ABTA. ATOl 


TRAVEL CENTRE lYpriawMe flighT? 
specialising ui Isl Club Class economy 
ieAiBlnlM.Sa«»n ftlnra. IS! Lisbon. 
Faro. Geneva. Also arrumodaiion Swna 
Alps. Lisbon Coasts. Hlgarve AMs ft orl- 
vale Villas. 01 666 7025 ABTA 73196 

£420 rm £764 Auckland o/w £420 rtn 
£775 Jo-ffeurg O/W £246 IW £465 Los 
Angeles o/w £176 rm £340. London 
Flight Cenlre 01-370 6332. 

CHRSIMAB Sumhlnr. availability in se- 
lertrd hotels in Gambia. Canary islands, 
and Eilai. Call Expert Travel Ol 458 
9166 or Ol 455 3096. Open Sunday 
morning. abTa. 

AMERICA nights with Manchester denar- 
lures ft ala O South Africa ft New 
Zealand Tri Travel Cenlre. Stack bum 
102541 53267 ABTA 73196 

BARGAIN Air Fares. Caribbean. 
Ainlralixu. USA. Alnru. Far East. In- 
dia GtakbecTCsl- 01 737 0660/2162. 

LATIN AMERICA. Lou cost llltoils eo. 
Rib £48S. Lima £495 rm Also Small 
Group Holiday /ouroeys^eg Reru from 
£350) JLA Ol 747-3108 

LATIN AMERICA. Low cost flfgftls eg 
RM £485. Una £495 rin Abo Small 
Group Hoi may Journeys leg Peru Iran 
£350/ JLA 01-747-3108 

LOW FARES TO America. Australia ft 
New Zealand Tel.Ol 930 2556. Herons 
Travel 35 Whitehall. London. SWi 

America, mm and Far EasL S Ainr.v 
Trayvale. 48 Margarrt Sftreri. Wl. Ol 
680 2928 fVha Accepted i 

MEMORCA, Tenerife Greek Istand!-. Al- 
garve . Villas AMs Pensions Taveroas 
Holidays/ Flnjhte. Brochures/bookings. 
Ventura Holldafts. Tri 0742 33: ICO 

NTJA NY.LA. NY .LA. Worldwide ursfi 
nations For ine cheapeal lares, tn- id- 
la Richmond Travel. I Duke Sired. 
Richmond Sarro ABTA 01-940 4073. 

MOROCCAN MACK ■ Mondays. rUgflLs. 
acrom. car hire. Call Seagull Hobdays. 
46 Maddox SI. London Wl. Ol 629 

WPONAIR Seal sale lo USA-Carlhbron- 
Far Eau- Australia. Call »» 
nrofevstonats ABTA IATA ce except ed. 
Tri Ol 2S4 5788 

Inclusive air seals 
Nov/Oer/JarHNto Xnwtf. d ay timings. 
£109 ABTA/ATOL. Viva Travel. Ol 
247 1982 

V ALEXANDER Europeen Son. Flntfs. 
01-402 4262/0052 Valexandrr. Com- 
DPUttve wwidwiae lares. 01-723 2277. 
AbU Alol laia Arecm/visa. 

WINTER BUN Specials prices lo CvorUf. 
Mafia. Morocco, Greece. Malaga ft Te- 
nerife Nov ft Dec. Pan world Holidays. 
Ol 73S4 2562 

ALICANTE, Faro Malaga etc. Dtmoiw 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-581 4oJt. 
Horsham 6»s«! 

BEST Fares. BKI FboMs Brsl hohdaus 
anywhere St* Travel. Ol 834 742b. 

i:»MftMffs Spain Portugal tody. Crewe. 
Mjdrw Ir £67 Tri: Cl -434 4320 ATOL. 
Ait Bargains 

EUROPE -WORLD WflOE towesl fares on 
rtiartri/scneduied fits. PiJol FligW 01 
631 0167 Am -VIlH 18“--- 

Singapore £457 Outer FEvilin 01-684 
6514 ABTA 

LOWEST Air ram, Europe amt world 
Wide Ol 836 8 622 Buckingham 

LOWEST Air Fares Sracduira Lunw ft 
Worldwide Med Slar Travel 01 93* 

TUNtofA Tor your holiday when- ifs sun 
summer Can for our brochure new Tu 
nisMiu Travel Bureau 01 373 4411 

ALL US WtfES Low.'ct far es o n maior 
scheduled camm Ol 584 7371 ABTA 

SIMPLY CRETE Bummer 1967 Anglo 
Greek family eft ter Drauliful prv. .vie 
villas/ si imino von“- wilh pools Please 
ring lot our small inv-mll-. bisaihure Tel 
01994 4462/5.-126 

The llrvhl houses lur renial 73 6» 
Jamrv a sm -Ji 4at ohm 

VHLAMOURA ad I l«Ui F.vuwav Ng 1 
hoim- Pnvaie tiff* *vni/v*.n a. fam 
Uun. summer UO mrow 051 259 SOI 5 


**rLt'B CLASS** 
**-ST CLASS** 


**world fares** 

*vvp.»:r, * # uklBiM-IrtvF * 

o I’LkTH * ■* BJflsBftsE * 

* * * ADELULt Y 

* ]f’F! to. • t i AMU*: ft 4 

*• i' 1'k.nip r * mnUNCTtvS • 

« n.‘! i * pi Vi.+.£>BV * 

w « * TnKlfl * 

* r * MVMLA » 

* [il f*l * * tflMKAI*. * 

-* Miri evtt + * sftikOU * 

* i'.vri.j * * f/AHftKE » 

* * -r VAhCTil'VER * 

* L vV.ELtj, * * MIAMI * 

» fiMcfi'ft-. *- * s ratios o * 

W w Mil. Til -.WEelCA ** 

* l-Jfe-i • *. N* * f 'vk *1‘5\ * 



* 1 S.O-. fc E,-is -i Senn 

■ .'rri rmr 

rr s ALL AT 

Marc Icm-coy fifjf.u -.12 more roues 
lo u»rr desunauons 
i3an any other 3{sncy 


® fv?.-n. high-irth semes 

0 Free nontfuid: herd £ car hire pass 

O up 10 tiffin discounts 

immiaiancM. Insurance. 
Foreign Eicbanji. 

Map A. Book Shop 


The Traidirre Travd Cemre 
4!>L3 Eiris Court Road 
LoruJon WS 6EJ 
Lons-Haul Ol -6->3 1513 
Earoptvl S.A Ol-* 2 ?? 5400 
is-., Bus:acss 01 -938 5444 
Govtmr:Ch! LiceDSCd 'Bonded 


arlLTn Return 

JC sun-5. MAR EJSS CO-JALA C420 
HAlBOai £3W SrDWEY F750 


OELiBCH’.Bt.f £2!0 f.'lftkff £330 

EA‘.3r OK £253 AtO MANY MCP6 


152 16? 4*58-: i-. W1 
TEl ^.STfe 

LOT* £ Grata .Vc'rame 





N l &Rli 

£2 T 5 















Bangl '■> 














Huoc DirfWii-- Avail an :si ft Club Cu-.'. 


21 S — Jlluv, S-l Lornicn Wl 

01-439 2100/437 0537 


e LiMflN 



£2 BO 




















Td 01-439 3521 10W7 

DISCOUNT FARES Worldwide: 01-454 
0754 Jupiter Travel 

wide. Tel UTC. 107551 867036. 

FUGHTBOOKCR$ oweoiint Farm J-ortd 

wndv. liri/ecitawnv 01-387 9100 

Travriwiw AMD aioi. 

MOROCCO BOUND. ReW-nl Sri. Wl. Ol 
734 5307 ABT A/AIOl 

S. AFMCA rrom £46S. Of E84 7371 

SPAIN. Portugal Cncape-* fares Btegfes. 
01 T35 6191 A8TA ATOl- 

WEEH£XD or Wreka Hooe-ymoom or 
2nd Honin' moon- .. Disroier ihe ftUgke 
of tlalv''- romantic ciliev In Auluinn or 
Wf nicr Call Of 749 74jg for your 
FREE colour broenunf Magic of HaJ> 
Ctebi T. 47 Shepherds Busn Green. Lon- 
don MT2 6PS 

TAKE TIME OFF 10 Parr., Amsterdam. 
BAewefs. Brwes. Or net a Berne. Lau- 
■annr. Zunth. The H-ioue. Dublin. 
Roui-n Boulounr ft Dtrbpc Time Off 
SU. *3he« fer Close. Lroooo S'-v 1 X TgQ 
Ol 235 XOhP 

Conrorm Jan/Peo 87 lo 
Barhattov. ftnlKtua etc. Special prices- 
0244 4ii3i 



Picnics. Bar'3-fjte^ &■ rames 

McnbeL Verbw. Gump-.-rv. Mcreve 
OourrhrvrL Lrv Item M?es ft 
(hitfcd Otifc-B fnrt of Fils 
Scrempnoia iV-L lo-elv chalets. & 
icrrifK* aimovphcie - wide lh" ‘ourvelr 
wnh j In* fnend-v or comjitelriy fill 3 

Ring 01-370 099?* ANOL 1S20 


Chatel Parly SpeciaL-. 

£50 ofT per person 

Mevi Dales 'brier led Resorts 
vtntxl Hmiday specials 

Children from £89 



JUST FStANCE ■ Siuper value V-K enii-ring 
■4,1 noiKl.,' - in Itw be-u French rnorls 
CVlIlQ |AT I6'W GfpfnilTT now 
Tel Ol 7BO 2S95 
.,BT \ oli'Sto Aloft 1383. 

SKI WEST - NEW! Special otters on 
oroubs PlhG FOR '1 DE-U.' ALso other 
jmdfiMly loe Prvccs storting al £59. 
te-k tor a ropy of our bumper brochure 
.011 7 8S Abla 64250 AlcH 1383 

ChrnliTUs A tsew Sear with Tamil v or 
Frtenas tn ■■l.itieO ctut JcB. Guaremevd 
ijiovv 01 Si3 Obil 

SKI VAL- CUuDs - nateis a sir aparrmehlr 
Talk Icour winter 
sports team uCkhii iipevval Snow Onm 
on Maud life at rm- Earls Court Ski SV| v.,1 01 200 6080 1 2ft MSI or 
Ol 903 4444. ABTA/ATOL. 

FR£E. FREE, FRCC Free Lift Paws f r.-v children's hriidfti s 
■ uedi-r 16 i*iii mans rials', Uriels ft apis 
from C..lkrt4S Mlh fteUw Iron, c: >9 
Ski Free-hint 01 74: Jblio ft Oot 23o 
£019. ATCJLJM 

wrRpre VLP91I R VERBIER - £187* MOST rttnllrvj r«nn' 'C> 
tervd ih.ih-!' iWi flighls ft FRET 
Mldai-s mr 1 HU no -i chriivl L«t ol fun 
lor kinub'-. Cpaphu /. CHritilK, RirtO 
SUWMIf 01 VO 0999 Alol 1820 

CHRISTMAS :n Cc-umveiej Hair a fun 
DAChro lr-> AlDitir Christmas 
wtih ALL me Irimnnna-i' For wl}- C239 
3 me hfT«dri..v UV groups tang 6 J .1 
Bftflri’ Nv-igr Cl 244 .333 

ONE FREE ftol ip ten is'rtf al) 1*0 offer 
weve in,- somfi-ti ft frivnCliftl chaw-- 
in C- un-ni-vei k*enrsl PrKeS. Calf LE 
Shi lor' 048J 54ff99t. 

MOflE FROM SKI AiKS V crbier 

u,vira.f \ iiur*. IHeqrve Comfort see 
vice <ta'f vkiiiw PtuineOI 602 97o6 

SKIfteS n.U« f n "'l Ideal touin forma 

Uulconv ■ Lit hkt'ir. 6 Irt 0865 

SKI SCOTT DUNN. OiUMaiviuig -n.iw 
ii.jgu.. in Ciuiuinery TM >0489' 
U771V 5*r .lUhlvi 

SKI TOTAL- Elwlcfv Hoiif - «ipis Pm 
XniJ-- SSii'iuik xm.iv’ft V * acs snou 
gitlcr Lri-niip .will-. Jil l ! 3 

SKCWORLO Tipi- 9VI Reowli. LOuril 
Ptic- from C5*» ABTA Bivsbure Ol 
tO» 4B26 


Staffed and ten chains tn 
MER18CL. V LFtfUtn. AR1NSAL and 
ARABS A - Limited Christmas and Nr* 
Year availj&tliLv al unbraiante prices 
Ring in fur a gppd deal' 

102231 350777 i24 nni 
Acrrss/V laj/Apw* Welcome 

ruMS at over 3.000 m. ft 2 ad urges! ski 
area in SwUhUM}, no queues. Mu 
quidn Phriw Powder Byrne tor only 
Co Ip offer nvMei'./holrfr'. Ol 223 ObOl 




General Manager req for 
luxury SW5 hotel dealing 
wliti all aspects of the 
smoooih running of (he hole). 
Previous exp ess. 21 +. 
£6.240 p.a. URGENT. 



req by International hotel in 
SW7. A years exp ess. Would 
pref City & Guilds 
qualifications. 23+. 
£8.216 p.a. URGENT. 

ON 01-370 1562. 

■separate eiurancel offers roupte 
small London house • near Harrods! 
with garden. Wile act as cook only. 
No housework. Husband lo follow 
own pursuits Much lime off. Sala- 
ry negol laird. Only I nose with 
experience who need permanent 
posi need apply. 

Tel: Ol -589 57 DO 

family seek's cnrertul and flexible help 
lor dll efiergriir hi mg 2 year otd Long 
term Pentium Musi be non smoker and 
hold driv iih) lirftve Send Photo and re- 
sume 10 Mrs Coyote. 49. Mill slrert. 
London Wl 



runrs vsiMTii>9 «« ** liwmard on a W 
1 r 01 ■■ wiurn loiidnpfs will ^ lor 

inn viuntfv flntf msiiilblion of lurntay • 

on intr Horary 

Mtaxhtl i nmr aoptacriioro oowmg IW. 
4001 e ret trier trier rtirr logrUirr w|Jh 
oeuiK of ex Wing similar rontrarti 
hrid/vyshftn lira sited and iwo wunra 
trfnt-iHi-i (o rite uodemonea by no I taler 
than Thursday 20UI November 1986 
Three working weeks will bn allowed lor- 
propoufv lo be HiDnunrd after drapW 
and receipt of drstgn brief- - 





On Wednesday 16 April 1<W6 toe Dwn- 
putury Board of the Royal insulation at - 
CnarieTrd Surveyors found proved two 
cnai-nro agairru Mr Robert McKam ABICS 
or Balloch Dumbarnmsture The charges 
were • 

IUI Thai Mr McKam conducted nimseir 
in • manner unbefitting a Chartered Sur- 
veyor in that he dnJwneHlk appropriated 
me um nf £800 beionaing lo the Scottish 
junior Branch at toe Royal bnbluuon of ■ 
Chartered Surveyors. Contrary lo Bye- 
Law 24- 1 1 : 

■ Dt Thai Mr McKftUP conducted htriwlf 
in a manner unbef ilung a Chartered Sot- 
v cyor in iruri he. w,in mient to drtraud. 
lorgcd Social Accounts rot toe year ended . 
1ft April 1986 of toe ScriUUi Junior ' 
Brancrr m The RovaJ btunuuon o# Cnar- 
lered Surveyors. Contrary lo Bye-Law 2ft 

to respect of each charge toe Dtsriri in- 
ary Board orarred lhai Mr McKain be 
rvpi-lim from membership to me IroUlu- 
Iron Mr Mchain suboeouenlly gave Nobce 
to Appeal and on Mondav 2*» Setoember 
1 9H6 inn Appeals Board affirmed inn deci- 
sion to Ihe Disciplinary Board and ordered 
lhai Mr McKain be expelled from 


Che rib- Grace Gertrude Angefo to toe 
Conversation Society to Ihe Protection of 
vuim Animals. 

The Charily Commissioners propose to. 
make a Scheme fee mb Charily Copies to 
ihe draff Scheme may be obtained room 
I hern *fef: 153857 LSi to SI Alban'S 
House. 67-60 Haymarket. London SW1Y 
4<j\. Obieruons and suggeshotp may be 
seni lo toem wiihin one month from 

CHJUXT COILS Bladon Line s are suit 
■uotounu lor a few Chalet Girls far me 
H6/87 winlrr season We need good 
rooks wiw> ran rn-ale a lively rtialM par 
Iv almospbere Please ring 01-785 

quire a nanny wno would enioy 
working in Germany with our 6 rain rid 
von Pise ftbply wiin refs and photo Dr. 
Marlin A'fnn. Ntodlwnrslr 30. 4400 
Muiwler. Germany. TeL 0251 866IB3 

■lew East Mabhuii Resiauranl onrning 
soon in North London Conlaci Mr Lam 
on: 01-241 SOU 

CHAUFFEUR. Rolls Rovre remticaled. 
reside, It tewnunslrr area seek* perma- 
nrtil empIbVTnem Tef 01 B2I 6264. 

COMPETENT, Eriurafea rauplr. iftOS. 
soefts rmponsIMe pasiuon In active pri- 
vate nsrnotd S/C acrom req'd. iQ249i 

CATECHNC Company rea huts expert- 
erervf rooks, temporary/ permanent. 
apply wvtn exbrnenrr only. 01 B70 

experienced asseriani chef Please write 
with lull CV Id. Mm J LOWrentc. 
Draytons. 1 14 DraiRKI Avenue. SWi 

offers iW helps, done, all live in staff. 
L'.K. ft Overseas Au Pair Agents Lid 87 
Reaenl Sf London H‘ 1 Ol 439 6534 

col T v 24 hr SW Telex Gouiiwiuan 
Apartments Ol 373 63CY. 



■sn. 24 mate. Swrav Hoieniumaiiemrat 
dm) oma. fluent English. SF. D. F ft S 
loom, lor ntotiaoemem trainre position 
in 4 or 6 star no id m London area Ea- 
penenre in F ft 8 and Front Office. 
Ante in viari IM of toe Isl '67 Please 
write lo Mr M Malinen. Kauppuankatu. 
B/ltlC 14 00160. Hebunki 16 or Tel. 

RETItaKG ollrr 20 happy years In lop 
London arademv Admin/Rrotetrar 
w Quid line ,«■» POsJ in uorfd of arts, 
rhaiiiy. insure, books eir. Preseniabie. 

I il»r ale socialite Inter os! more Impor- 
lam ifttn remunmuon Please cepfy lo 
BOX H67 

20 YEAR old male. piibtK- school A level 
educaied. lived and Studied in Pans 
fteftre ftucnr Freiw-n EMsenencmf Iras - 
•Hler. lived ft worked in L*SA Mature, 
anicuuie. niuneralc. oroamsed A com- 
puIittscm Seeks empfover wfM 
apprecwics above ouallurs. Tel 0753 

mgm tec. pa/secret ary toiers mi 

round totwe i-xpenise Long irrm/Miort 
lerm I em nor ary asugnmenl. Please call 
Ol 3o1 8152 

SOUTHAMPTON based free- lanred PA 
«eek\ shorl/long lirm avugnmenl:. In 
lei national expertencr, 6 yr Middle 
Ear Languages. Tel. I07D31 454956. 

AMBITIOUS Articulate, mature male. Ilu- 
cvil in Frenrh and German, seeks lull or 
barf lime occupation Tel. Ol 722 0232 



ACT 1985 

Ntotce h hereby given lhai the creditors 
to me above-named Company, which is 
being v tountorflv wound up. are reauireo. 
an or beuuv toe 1st das' to December 
1486. lo send In innr Christian and sur- 
names, Ihefr addresses and descriptions 
lull particulars ol to err debts or claims, 
and toe names and addresses to nvetr So 
licifvm ,U any*, lo Hie undersigned 
6 LF (he LMuidaior to Uw said Company. 
and. il so required by nonce in writing ' 
■root toe said LMiutdaior. are. personally- 
or try fnerr Stoic) tors, fo come in and prove- 
Uieir debts or claims al such tone and - 
Mace as shall be specified In such notice, 
or in default thereto tort w ill be excluded 
from toe benefit to any dislrtbuuon made . 
bclore such debts are proved 
DATED in IS SO Ui den ol October 1986 

007226 o< 1986 

ACT 1985 

der Of toe High Court of Justice tCnancery 
Division i dated toe 28to October I486 
confirming toe reduction to capital to toe 
above-named Company from C6AXXOOO 
lo 15.3O3D00 and the Minute approved 
by toe Court showing with respect lo toe 
capital to the Company as altered toe sev- 
eral paritetoarc required by toe above- 
mentioned Act were regWereo by the 
Registrar to Companies on the Slsi Octo- 
ber 1986 

DATED this 3rd day of November 19B6 
Freshlieuis of Crnvdau House. 

25 Newgate Street 
London EC1A TUt. 

Solicitor*, lor the above-named Company 

lo Section 588 to the Companies Act 198E. 
mai a Medina of toe Crcdilors to live 
above-named Company wiuhe held ai Hdl 
House, l Utile New street London EC4A 
STB on Fridas- me Sistday to November 
1986. ai 10.30 in toe forenoon, for toe 
purposes mentioned in sections S89 and 
590 of ihe Com panics Act J985. I o - 

1 . The nomination to a Ugiudalor. 

2 . The appointment to a Commuter? to 

Proxies to be iced ar ihe meeting must be 
lodged to me RegWered Office to the Com- 
pany ralutoe al 33/34 Chancery Lane. 
London WC2A 1EW hto Later than 12 
o'ctocK midday on Ihe 2tXh day of Nov em- 
ber 1986 

Dated tins 6to day of November 1986 
CNN Hovey 

Section 588 to toe Companies Act 1986. 
toai a MEETING of the creditors of the 
abb'.c named Company will be held at the 
situated to 30 EASTBOURNE TERRACE. 
LONDON W2 6LF on Monday toe I7ih 
day ol November 1986 at 12.00 o'clock 
midday for Ihe purpose* provided lor in 
Svetlans 58° and SW 

Dated the 2Bto day to October I486 


By Order M toe High Coun dated toe 
27in day oi Or totter IW6 Mr CJ Hughey 
of Shelley House. S Noble Street London 
EC2V TOO. has been appointed Uauktainr 
of toe above-named company without a 
Committee of Inspection 

Dated this 3tst day of October 1986. 

Controlled on page JO 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone ihe appropriate number lisicd below- 
between 9 a.m and n p.m. Monday lo Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m ana 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advertisers 
01 481 4000 

Birth. Marriage and Death Notices 

01 481 4000 

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Iran seeks arms | BR’s 
for return of 
Beirut hostages 

From Robert Fisk, Nicosia 

The bizaire series of secret 
negotiations between the Am- 
ericans and Iranians — upon 
which the Mr Hojatolislam 
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafoanja- 
ni, Speaker of the Iranian 
Parliament ceremonially 
“Mewthe whistle” on Tuesday 
ni gh t — has persuaded Iran to 
set out its public conditions 
for securing the release for US 
hostages in the Lebanon. 

They include further ship- 
ments of American aircraft 
parts, weapons and ammuni- 
tion — which the Iranians say 
was paid for during the Shah's 
time — and a promise that the 
US will not freeze Iranian 
assets in the West 

The Speaker's revelations 
about Mr Robert McFartane's 
secret visit to Tehran have, 
however, in no way dimin- 
ished Iran's desire to help free 
American and French hos- 
tages. While Mr Hussein 
Mussavi, the Iranian Prime 
Minister, W3S claiming that 
there could be no deals with 
Washington. Mr Rafianjani 
and Iranian diplomats outside 
Tehran were indicating that 
there was room for compro- 

There was a hint, too, that 
Lebanese Shia Muslem pris- 
oners in Lebanon should be 
released from a jail in the vill- 
age of Khiam. which is run by 
Israel's proxy '‘South Lebanon 
Army" militia. “The demands 
of the oppressed Lebanese 

Muslims should be granted to 
secure the release of the 
hostages," Mr Ra&anjam 

It became dear yesterday 
that Mr Rafsanjam had dis- 
closed the US-Iranian con- 
tacts to demonstrate that it 
was Iran — not Syria — which 
holds the key to the hostages 
in Lebanon and that it is noth 
Iran that the A m ericans will 
have to deal. Significantly, the 
banians yesterday chose to 
reveal details of an exchange 
of letters between Mr Rafian- 
jani jwri M r Yasnhiro Nakaso- 
ne, the Japanese Prime Minis-, 
ter, which suggested that Syria 
had foiled to secure promised 
American concessions after 
arranging the release of pas- 
sengers aboard the hijacked 
TWA jet in Beirut last 

s umm er. 

A letter from Mr Rafoatyani 
to Mr Nakasone in July last 
year said that: “We were told 
by Syrian officials that the 
American authorities had as- 
sured them of the release of 
Lebanese prisoners from Is- 
rael after the freeing of the 
TWA (passengers). But they 
(the Americans) have foiled to 
meet their promises." 

Lebanese Shia Muslim pris- 
oners held at Atlit Prison were 
freed by the Israelis in the 
months that followed the re- 
lease of the TWA hostages, 
although Mr Rafsapjani did 
not mention this yesterday. 

Waite cautious over 
further releases 

From John England, Wiesbaden 

Hopes of early freedom for 
two more American hostages 
in Lebanon after the release of 
Dr David Jacobsen were 
dashed yesterday when Mr 
Terry Waite said that he was 
leaving West Germany but 
not returning to Beirut 

Mr Waite, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury's special envoy 
who on Monday flew to 
Wiesbaden with Dr Jacobsen, 
<aid on Tuesday that he 
expected a lead to the release 
of Mr Terry Anderson and Mr 
Tom Sutherland “within 24 

Yesterday, however. Ire said 
be would be dropping out of 
public view for a few days to 
renew longstanding church 
contacts in and around tire 
Middle EasL 

“I need further information 
that may a fleet my return to 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh attend a dinner at 
Marlborough House given by 
the Commonwealth High 
Commissionei* to made Her 
Majesty's sixtieth birthday, 8. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits the Field of 
Remembrance at St Margaret's, 
Westminster, 1 1.35; and attends 
a conceit to marie the opening of 
the Opera Theatre at the Royal 
College of Music, 7. 

Beirut," he said. “This is not a 
setback, it’s the normal pro- 
cess. But I wish it had been 
different and we could haw 
got a few more people out 

“I am committed to these 
men. I am going to see this 

“I am not sure if things have 
changed, but I need to have 
consultations away from a 
high public profile." 

He criticized press reports 
of secret deals on the hostage 
issue between the US and Iran 
and some other Middle East 
countries as “enormous spec- 
ulation bordering on the 

“There has been an awful 
lot of immense misinform- 
ation," he added. “This puts 
further risks on the lives of the 

Dealing with Tehran, page 20 

The Prince of Wales, Patron 
of the William and Mary Ter- 
centenary trust, holds a recep- 
tion for the trust at Kensington 
Palace, 6u45. 

Prince Edward attends a 
commemorative service in 
Westminster Abbey to mark tire 
thirtieth anniversary of the 
Duke of Edinburgh's Award, 

Princess Anne. President of 
the Riding for the Disabled 
Association, attends the annual 
meeting of the association at the 
National Agricultural Centre, 
Kenilworth, Warwickshire, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,196 


1 Container whose contents 
are bound to be secure (8k 

5 Viewer going on about lan- 
guage (6). 

9 Cricket sides, from time to 
time (3.3.2). 

10 Play small pan to further 
constitutional progress (4.2). 

12 Island with a hundred and 
four constituents (5). 

13 Bird changes colour (9). 

14 Spots Indian partners * — 
they help side that's batting 

18 Reprimand for decorating 
with feathers (8.4). 

21 Turn up without guilt to 
make confession (4.5). 

23 Not regular part of course 

24 Friendly islander (6). 

25 Cutting up part of-ihe army 

26 Carry on summary with 
acute shortage (6). 

27 Victory, for instance? De- 
clines joint meeting (S). 


1 Note fish break surfoce of 
water (6). 

2 Something last formed in 
university (6). 

. 3 Fine innings from leaderless 

4 Did someone get brief film 
altered? (5-7). 

6 Approves topping wines (5). 

7 End of shooting brings sei- 
zure of control (8). 

8 Exchange words? Just the 
opposite (8k 

11 like ruler, political leader 
associated with house (12). 

15 Changing one's expression 

16 Imbecile outraced master 

17 Semester? Final pan (8). 

19 Discipline for netting next 
answer wrong (6). 

20 Part of leg raised in climb 

22 Finches provide great de- 
light (5). 

Solation to Pnzzfe No 17,195 

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Mr Tdfoft. yestentaor txtnfinod 
himself to issuing a restrained 
statement, welcoming the 
BBC’s assurance that xt re- 
mained committed to the 
preserv-ation of impartiality in 

news. ■ • 

He ffid not iqfor direetty to 
the statement by the 
Qnporatkm's director-gener- 
al, MrAIasdairM2ne,tbarthe 

C uns e i va tivedossier had bee n 
filled with “nrisleading 
assertions" and bad “carried 
no weight whatsoever." 

The statement was broad- 
cast by BBC Television as Mr 
M ili y e nt ert ain ed Mr Trfjbat 
to im*d» at Broadcasting 

The BBC’s new c i tanjuan , 
Mr Mazmadnke Hnssey, in a 
letter ti> Mr Tebbit, warned, 
that the BBC Governors 
would defend the Co rpora tion 
against political pressure and 
would sot be sw^edfrom its 
standards “by the imminence 
or otherwise of a General 

• Mr Ron Nefl, fife editor of 
BBC Television New^ said, 
the Conservatives had Tifted 
words and phrases oat of their 
•original context” to devdop 
their complaint against fire 

A 24-page response to Mr 
Tdfoifs aflegations, signed by 
Mritel and three associates, 
refined file ifa*t foe 

BBCs Libyan coverage had 
been “a mixture of news, 
views, ^jeeuiatiem, error and 
uranticu carriage of Libyan 
propaganda which does seri- 
ous damag e to tire reputation 
of foe BBC” 

The BBC admitted to only 

British R«si is getting there. The latest 
rail cuts are intended to put paid to the 
antxmm season's favourite excuse for 
the late arrival of commuter train 
services: “Leaves on the line”. The 
answer, to the consternation of some 
residents in the leafy suburbs, has a 
devastating simplicity. It is: cut down 
the trees. 

When the railway lumbexjachs were 
sent to topple these trees alo n gsid e 
Stoke d’Abernon recreation ground, 
Surrey, it enraged local conserva- 
tionists, but BR says that its difficulties 
with fallen leaves, which make engine 
wheels spin and over heat, have been 
getting worse every year. 

- In days of vegetation was cut 
back to avoid the danger of fire from fly- 
ing sparks, but since then trees and 

und e r gro w th have crept ever closer to 
the trades. “We are forced to cut back 
within 30 or 40 feet of tire fine,” an of- 
ficial explained, “but there is no 
question of onr going round indiscrimi- 
nately chopping down ancient 

The difficulties are worst on tire 
commuter routes of BR’s Network 
South-East where railways were bnOt 
on a more intimate scale than on tire 
main lines and where commuter trains 
frequently stop and start. “BR is very 
well aware of its responsibilities to- 
wards the environment,” the spokes- 
man insisted yesterday. “Bnt we hare to 
strike a balance between the interests of 
conservation ' and those . - of our 
customers.” • 

(Photograph: Allan WeBer) 

Airport, two days after foe 
raid as a Libyan retatiaticai 
for Britam’s cooperation with 
the Americans. . ■ 

•The BBCs rebuttal of the 
charges made by Mr Neuman 
Tebbit left a growing number 
of Conservative MPs con- 
vinced last night foal filer 
attaA on the corporation had 
backfired dramatically (Rich- 
ard Evans writes). 

; One senior b a ckbcndrer, 
who believed Mr Tdbhit had 
approached file issue in entire- 
ly file wrong way, said foe 

five Central Office had been 
“very smooth, professional 
arid excellent** and met all Ihe 
criticisms head bn. _ 

ffAx Tebbit said yesterday it 
wouldbe m n aponw defer ton 
to give an immediate 
reaction • ' ' 

Photograph, page 2 
. BBC reply, page 4 


Princess Mxigarct visits the 
London Hospital. Whitechapel, 


Prince Michael of Kent, as 
President of Soldier's, Sailor’s 
and Airmen's Families’ Associ- 
ation, attends the annual meet- 
ing at Church House, 
Westminster, 2.15; and later 
attends a reception at Banqnet- 
ingHall, Whitehall, 630. 

The Duchess of Kent opens 
the Hawksworth Wood Leeds 
YMCA family centre and the 
regional Mood transfusion unit 
at Seacroft Hospital, Leeds, 

New exhibitions 
Academics and Revolu- 
tionaries; Art Gallery & Mu- 
seum. Kelvingrove, Glasgow; 
(ends mid January). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Marine watercolours of the 
19-20th century. Pallant House 
Gallery, 9 North Pallant, Chich- 
ester; Toes to Sat 10 to 530, 
(ends Nov 29k 


Recital by the Chagall String 

Books — paperback 



A ridge of high pressure 
will cross the UK from the 
W followed by a trough of 
lpw pressure into North- 
ern Ireland during the 

The Hafifax House Price Index 


Quartet; Churchill Hall, 
Worksop College, Worksop, 

Concert by Oliver Knussen, 
Halle Orch est ra ; Free Trade 
HalL Manchester, 730- 


Births: Colley Cibber, actor- 
manager and playwright, 
Londrm, 1671; Adolphe Sax, 
inventor of the saxophone, 
Dinant, Belgium. 1814: Cesai* 
Lombrosot criminolof— * ”~ 
rona, 1835; Richard 
natu r alist, near Swindon, Wilts, 
1848; John Phffip Sonsa, the 
“March King”, composer and 
band conductor, Washington, 
1854; Sir John Atcock, aviator, 
Manchester. 1892. 

Deaths: Kate Greenaway, art- 
ist and book illustrator, London, 
1901; Sir Johnston Forbes- 
Robertsoa, actor-manager, St 
Margaret's Bay. Kent, 1937. 

Henry VI was crowned, 1429. 
Abraham Lincoln was elected 
president of the United States. 
1860. The first hydrogen bomb 
was exploded at Eniwetok atoll 
in the Pacific by the United 
Stales. 1952. 

The pound 




1985 Q3 




1985 Oct 



1966 Jan 







I .VI I 7 . L 


Phriiamnit today . 

Goymnons (230k Debate on 
Opposition motion on 
Government's ecomonic 

Lords (3k Debate on findings 
of- European Court on Human 
Rights on comp e ns ation trader 
Aircraft and Shipbufiding In- 
dustries Acl . 

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US Dollar 

1.4230 (+0.0085) . 

W German mark 

5L9378 (+0.0282) . 


69.1 (+0.5) 

UK firms 
for Tokyo 

Three Britifellinns, and one 
classified as British, are to 
receive securities licences to 

By CHff FeHham 

„ Mr Ron. Brieriey, the New the bid as sdfl ‘unacceptable. 
Zealand entrepreneur yes-; Mr Kenneth- Long, nans- 
terday launched a new oner, port analyst at Hemwort 
worth £306 million, for Ocean Grieveson, “The hew 
Transpo rt and Trading, the offer is at the top end of the 
stopping, transport and ser- range, any lower and he might 
vices company. • have bad troubte picking hup. 

The new, final terms com- __ I think Ocean Transport will 
pare with the earlier offer of he lucky to survive.’* 

the year. 

Clearance to go ahead with 
applications was given by the 
minisgy of finance to Morgan 
Grenfell Japan, Montagu Sec- 
urities, James Capel (Pacific) 
and Laurie MSbank (Jersey). 

Morgan Grenfell is in the 
final stage of preparing its 
documentation, and expects 
to be operational, with branch 
status, in the spring. It wfil not 
initially . seek a seat on the 
Tokyo Stock Exchange, 

The Japanese ' financial 
authorities have chosen to see 
Laurie Milbank as British 
although it is 100 per cent 
-owned by Chase Manhattan 
and no longer exists under its 
own name in London. 

Classifying thehank as Brit- 
ish circumvents regulations in 
- Japan and the US which 
prohibit a bank from operat- 
ing both a commercial and a 
securities branch. . 

L&M offer 

London & Metropolitan, a 
property development group, 
is coming to the stock market 
through an offer for sale 
valuing the business at £58 
million. A total of 23,6 million 
shares is being offered at 145p 
a share through KJemworT 
Benson. ' Tempos, page 26 

SE expulsions 

The Stock .^change 

expend four membeis, - 
including Mr Alan Kemp,- 
over “secret, and improper 
profits” li ariefr u m EuraboBd 
transactions handled by ’ the { 
tanking firm Kemp Mitchell, 
suspended in July 1984. ■_! 

Quarto placing 

The book company Quarto 
Group Inc is coining to the: 
USM via a placing of 1.7 \ 
million shares by the brokers- 
Capd-Curc Myers at ll5p. , 
•• The placing values the com- 
pany at £8.28 million. 

Tempos, page 26 

AC in talks 

AC Holdings said is re- 
sponse to tire tncre^ in its 
share price that it is in 
preliminary negotiations 
about die merging of a snail 
firm of stockbrokers with its 
subsidiary, John M .Douglas 
and Eykyn Bras. 

CRA rights 

CRA said in Melbourne 
yesterday that it will make a 
one for eight rights issue to 
shareholders at AusS5 per 
share to raise AusS309 mount 
(£140 million). 

Brake success 

The ' application list , for 
shares in Brake Brothers was 
oversubscribed about 25 
tunes. The basis of allocation 
wifi be announced today. 

£258 milfon. Mr Brieriey, who is keen to 

Mr Brieriey, who has at- aw pww Ocean Transport to 
ready boat up a 9.8 per cent integrate its transport opera- 
stake, sakL “If tins offer tions with . those . of Tozer 
doesn’t succeed, I can’t imag- Kemsley & - MiHboum, in 
me what ' shareholders are which he has a ootftroffiag 
lodring for. It is a very top stake, said: “We arrived at foe 
prtoe.** . new price by putting onr 

He ts making the tid maximum value on the stock 
through LHP, the British arm and -not a ll ow ing - fin: any 
of his £1.5 billion in vestment contin gen c i es , 
empire, and is raising the “We want to win this bid, 
terms to 260p a share in cash, which is why I suppose we 
compared with the initial offer have been prepared to offer 
of 225p. In the stock market, more than we think it actually 
Ocean Transport shares raced justifies.” He said he thought 
up 13p to 255m- below the it unfikety a white knight 

increased ter m.i; mahting him 
to boy in tire market, although 

would emerge with a higher 
offer. “I have never antid- 

(here were no indications of patedaiivallndandtherehas 
any significant selling of the been no sign of any snch 


However, there was a swiff 
response from the Ocean 
Transport camp, describing 


Last night, Mr Stephen 
Latner of V SG Warburg, the 
financial adviser acting for 

Angry exchanges Sterling up 
In Heath battle **3* 

hits dollar 

By John BeD, City Editor 

The £180 wrinio n battle for said: “This is a kind of golden 
control of CE Heath, the ailing cufflinks anangemem. We are 

insurance broker, developed 
into a hanging match yes- 
terday over a £7% million 
“g olden cufflinks" incentive 
deal for executives joining the 
Heath group and counter- 
allegations that the ladder for 
Heath, PWS Holdings, was 
attempting to sefl its business 
to Heath only a few weeks ago. 

Tin Heath hoard, which is 
fiercely opposed to tin EWS 
offer, yesterday revealed* tEe 
terms -of its p roposed ac- 

li^iir^^^heatfedK'Tjy Mr 
Rh^ard . Inriding, a former 
managing director of Heath. 

. The terms value Hekfing at 
about £71 huffimi a nd eff- 
ectivety- represent a reverse 
takeover or Heath, which has 
been seen in the GSty as badly 
in need of fresh management. 

Mr Ronnie Beo-Zo r, chair - 
man of PWS, tin fist-growing 


said: “This is a kind of golden Econonrics Correspeodeat 
aifflinks arran^ment. Weare The dollar suffered from the 

buying a quality business with losses in the US 

aoaliw managemoat and we c^Snal elections, help- 

want themto stay. • ing the poand to make strong 

Payment for fielding wifl be « nn $ yesterday. The pound 
1233 million pew Heath rose 85 points to $1.4230. 
shares, representing 27.7 per The ^ ^ *" 8 j"d«r closed at 
cent of the Heath capital, and 69.1, a gainofO-5 on the day. 
£4.33 minion in c adi . . The pound afco picked up 
Hambros, a. major share- against die . mark, rising by 
holder in Fielding, will end up nearly ‘ three pfennigs to 
with .KUl per cent of the DM2J938S. 
enlarged group after a ptaciQg The main foctor,_apmtfiom 

of 3 75 minion new Heath political doubts affecting the 

of 3 75 million new Heath political doubts affecting the 
shares with investment clients doDar, was the expectation of 
P 1 *? of Hambros Bank. higber off prices. But the: 

- ’Rejecting the hostile' offer pound -was also boosted 'by 
fioro Heath says tiiat .fears of higier interest rates if 
Mr Beo-Zur approached the ChanceHof's autumn eco- 

- Heath m September with a normc statement, due today, 

gat - view to -PWS, an proves unacceptable to the 

69.1, a gain of 0l5 mi the day. 
The pound also picked up 

account which conflicts . . 

substantially with that of Mr Despite felling agamst the 
Bca-Zur. pound, and agatnst all cur- 

^ sam in the City as h^ty The Heath veirion is tiiat h 

in need of fresh management, quickly became: apparent to .5^ *t!M 50 Sd 

board tha^fer^m 

aswawss: . ^ ^ 

lat^raL lmda- tire terms of ence in hatidfing large US the da y cameras dealers 
option deals with ihe Fielding brokerage acoounts^and Mr 

manaaejnent, the overall cost Ben Zuris approach was re- raulls and decided that, aftn- 

acquisition could . jected. 

amount to £85 uriHion. . 

“On Rddm^s prefit fore- 
cast of £6-'nulhon this repre- 

sents a price ratio of Monte Carlo and that at two 

22, a 50 per cent premi um on subseqaent meetings the ma- 
the sector rating,” said Mr jor part of the discussions 
Ben-Zur. rHeatb needs centred around PWS acquir- 
management, but these terms fog Heath. . 

suggest that they are Heatii’s interim pstfits. re- 
desperate.” Mr Derek New- leased ytstetday, show a fall of 
ma n , e frahman of Heath, 30 per cent foil 13 xmSioiL 

Those directiy involved in 
ti?e PCW afeir would have to 
make “just and riraificant” 
contributions to its £235 mil- 
lion losses before the Lloyd’s 
insurance market would help, 
Mr Peter. Milter, the Lloyd’s 
chairman said yesterday. 

PCW names feeing net 
losses of £235 miffioo have 
agreed to stall any legal action 
to see if a settlement can be 

Mr Miller said that as a pre- 
condition for a se t t le m en t 
“there must be a just and 

jected. ; aD, they were not excessively 

Mr- BenZur says that the 

first approach came from J! 1 °?^ 

Heath during a conference in. tnriprodnrtrontaiby,l.7 per 
Monte Carlo and that al two SQjtember, casti^ 

subsequent meetings the nut- doubts on the entry’s 
jorpart of^te^cussions recovery. The drop 

"” DDd ^ 

P< F^tn T5 s released earlier this 

Ksssfrss"' asssi-ag 

" ' " : • to 8.1 per cent last month 

iw«4- ajqjeared to vindicate the 

ilt9V ULf Bwm government’s reftsal to 

3ty Staff • : : ease monetary and fiscal 

significant contribution from But the latest industrial 
the' names ' involved” and production figures, taken in 
from other parties involved conjunction with Japan's do- 
such as brokers and under- cision to cut its discount rate 
writers. lart week, are Bcely to rekindle 

“Both there matters must be pre ssur es for an easing of 
resolved before ".there can be po&y in Germany. Such pres- 
any question of contribution sures have so far been firmly 

Names ‘must pay up’ 

By Ore City Staff . 

Those directly involved in sig nifi ca nt contribution from 

by Lloyd's as a 'whole. 3 


. - j- 

Ocean Transport, said the new 
offer was about the mirnimum 
levd Mr Brieriey was able to 
come bade with. 

“The offer completely feSs 
to into account the 

company’s thriving trans- 
formation into a land-based 
services group and is atte m pt- 
ing to deprive shareholders of 
a share in the future growth of 
the business.” 

Ocean Transport has al- 
ready forecast that pretax 
p r o fits for 1986 would ore by 
a sixth to £37 million and the 
total dividend paid will be 9p 
a share. 

The compa n y has been 
moving out of shipping and 
into activities such as waste 
management, freight forward- 
ing, warehousing and trans- 

Mr Brieriey, who has built 
up an empire that spans 
breweries, car sates, insurance, 
off transport and wine, has 
turned his attentions to 
B piaiHj budding up an invest-' 
meat portfolio during the lari 
year wife key stakes in Ho- 
rizon Travel, Ultramar, and 
Redfearn National Glass. 

& ** Ifr — - 


* - V* _ 


Lawson calls 
for regional 
wage rates 

By Gofiu Narfntagh 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel rented sector of the housing 
Lawson, yesterday made a market would play an im- 

strong appeal for more re- portent part. . 

gional drferentiatioa on pay “Greater regiooal differenti- 
to help free the British labour ation of pay could also help,” 
market and, eventually, lead be said. Pay should vary to 

to more jobs. 

The appeal, made in a 
statement read by Mr Lawson 
at the end of a meeting of the 

reflect different occupations 
and differences in firms' abil- 
ity to recruit and keep staff— 
to help balance the supply and 

National Economic Develop- demand for different jobs. 

meat Council, angered trade 
union representatives after 
whal had been an otherwise 
“very constructive” session 

' But Mr Lawson said that 
there was little variation in 
pay for the same job in 
different parts of the country. 

on the question of labour even though there were wide 
mobility and bousing. gaps regionally between sup- 

What particularly incensed ply and demand for labour, 
the unions was the The trouble was that Britain 

manner in which Mr Lawson had become used to national 
“abused” his chairmanship of pay scales resulting from na- 
tbe nutting to deliver last- tional pay bargaining, both on 

Allen Lloyd, chairman of Doyds Chemists: a witness to the 
first post-Big Bang placing. 

New rules govern 
Lloyds 9 placing 

By Carol Ferguson 

In fee first stock market meriy Wedd, Durtecher; War- 

minute views on pay, leaving 
no time for discussion. 

Mr Rodney Bkkersteffe, 
general secretary of the Na- 
tional Union of Public 
Employees, called the 
Chancellor’s move 

Mr Lawson’s appeal came 
after the speed! by the Sec- 

a company ana industrywide 
basis. And pay settlements 
tended to be guided by labour 
market conditions in the 
booming South-east comer of 
the country. - 
The Chancellor said he 
feared that London wage rates 
applied outside the South-east 
could be pricing people out of 

placing since the Big Bang, 
PUronre Gordon, the stock- 
broker, is bringing Lloyds 
Chemists, a fast-growing 
chemist retailer to fee market. 

A total of 4£ million shares, 
27 per cent of fee company, 
were placed wife 100 institn- 
tions at a price of l05p. This 
values Mr ABeu UoyiTs com- 
pany, based in fee Midlands, 
at£l8.9 maiion. 

In fee post-Big Bang 
envnoament, new rules for 
market platings were used for 
fee fist time. Under the old 
system, 25 per cent of a new 
issue had to be offered to 
jobbers, for sale to fee public, 
to ensure that there was stock 
available hi fee market when 
«*— Bug started. Jobbers wen 
allowed to keep a maximum of 
10 per cent on their books to 
acute an after -m a rket 

The new rules r e q u ire mar- 
ket-makers to apply for stock 
for their books. Only four 
applied to make markets in 
JUeyds Chemists, all former 
jobbing companies, and they 
received about 7S per cent of 
fee shares on offer. 

These companies were fee 
market-making arms of 
County Securities, formerly 
Bisgood Bishop; BZW, fur- 

burg Securities, formerly 
Ackruyd ratA Smithers and 
Smith New Court 

None of the new market- 
makers, formed in response to 
the Big Bang, applied to 
market-makers in fee 


One market-maker said his 
company did not apply be- 
cause the market-making 
function was still settling 
down. If it had been a bigger 
issne he said he may have 

given ft consideration. Because 

ft was a small issne feae was 
HP i^yr^Miiig i«Qiniaerrial rea» 
son to go for it, he said. 

In addition to offering stock 
to the market, the sponsoring 
broker must offer 25 pa cent 
of the shares befog placed to a 
second brota for distribution. 
In this case Greeawell Mon- 
tagu will (fistribate the shares. 

The sponsoring broker and 
the second broker may keep 
25 pa cent for theft market- 
making books. Panmrae Gor- 
don does not make markets, 
but GreenweQ has registered 
to become a marfcet-maka for 
Lloyds Chemists. 

Dealings in the shares are 
expected to start on November 
12. Tempos, page 26 

retary of Slate for the Environ- jobs, 
ment, Mr Nicholas Ridley, on Lord Young, Secretary of 
Tuesday when he urged local 'State for Employment, who 
authorities to opt out of spoke before the Chancellor, 

national wage deals and to pay 
what they conld afford. 

Britain’s internationally 
high onit labour costs are still 
regarded by the Government 
as fee Achilles heel of the 


Mr Lawson, endorsing fee 
widely-held view that greater 
mobility was essential for a 
property functioning labour 
market, told NEDC feat 


jay emphasized that labour 
immobility slowed economic 
Jly growth. Increased mobility 
till would make fee economic 
snt engine turnover foster, he 
the said 

Lord Young said that he 
the was not looking for pay cuts in 
ter fee provinces, but merely a 
- a shift towards more recog- 
>ur nition in pay deals of what he 
hat called the “true market price” 

private for skills. 

Bond in Aus$1.6bn 
debt refinancing 

By Lawrence Lever 

Bond Corporation, the Ans- the company against bad 
tralian brewing, property and times, credit squrezes and the 
industrial group, yesterday an- like- Secondly, it saves us 
nounced an AusS1.6 billion quite 1 a bit on fee cost of 
(£727 million) multi-currency borrowing. I don’t Imow ex- 
finance- pa cka ge which will actiy how much but it will be 
restructure its entire borrow- quite significant. Up to now, 
mgs on an unsecured, long- our borrowing has been frag- 

term basis. 

The money is coming 
through Australian and inter- 

men ted and a mixture of 
coining secured and unsecured”, 
d inter- “It is really ideal for ns. We 

GPA in £lbn lease deal 

Ai Irish leasing company, 
formed 10 years ago, yes- 
terday placed a $2 billion (£1.4 
bflfiou) orda for up to 100 new 
jets in a deal which could lead 
toafimdameatal change in fee 
way many airlines operate 
(Harvey Elliott writes). 

Giinnen Peat Aviation 
(GPA), a subsidiary of 
Guinness Pleat Group, is to 
bay up to 100 Fokker 100 

Roles split at 
Grand Met 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
bolds and drinks conglom- 
erate, yesterday announced 
that the role of chairman and 
chief executive would be split 

Sir Stanley Grinstead, who 
has bdd both petitions since 
the death of Sr Maxwell 
Joseph in 1982, continues as 
chairman while Mr Allen 
Sheppard takes over as chief 
executive. Mr Anthony 
Tennant becomes deputy 
group chief executive. 

Comment, page 27 

short- to medtara-raage air- 
craft aad rent them to ait-fines 
straggling to find C8sh to buy 
new equipment. 

Mr Tony Ryan, chairman 
and chief executive of GPA, 
said yesterday: “The future is 
in operating leases. Airlines’ 
balance sheets just don’t allow 
them to boy the new equip- 
ment they need.” 

national bonk facilities, con- know exactly what the cost of 
pled with a long-term US debt borrowing is going to be. 
issue being arranged by Drexel against what must be one of 
Bumhafn Lambert, the high- the most predictable busi- 
yidding corporate bond spec- nesses in fee world — the 
lafist brewing business. We have 46 

The entire Aus$1.6 bilHon pa cent of the Australian 
debt will be owed by a new brewing market. 

brewing subsidiary. 

“The quality of its earnings 

Brewing Holdings. The range is so good that the borrower is 
of maturity on the debt is only concerned with the cash 
between 4 and 15 years with flow. The debts can be more 
an average maturity of about than adequately serviced on 

10 years. 

Mr Aten Binchmore, a Bond 

the brewing subsidiary alone.” 
The USdebt dement of fee 

Corporation director, package will come in fee form 

saifeTbere are two principal 
reasons for the package. Fust 

of all, it immediately insures million 

of an underwritten 
offering of at least 1 

^ ,hn £ h ^rcoft,v 


move to credit card interest 



Dow Jones 

1896.76 (+632T 

N9dce! Dow - 16713.71 (-7M4) 

£E5fE>.~ — i39Q.i M 

Commarzbanfc 19982(-14.1) 


SKAtowral 54WO(same) 

London doting price* 





Federal Fuodsrrffc ■ 

.s^ae sr 53 ^ 


f M * ii i r MW fak 

issr ■ fur 

£Y«nZ34i» . 

e- tndftxiS-l • kltieei izy . 
lcuro^3D14 soft £0.847700 

Saratov tads. ■ 

Taytor Woodrow 

A. Cohen 'AT — — 


Meat Trade.— 

Aroersham brtnt — — 


OTT - — 

Victoria Carpets 

Granger Trust— — . 

-Coos. GoM . - 


WWW Computers — 

Prudentiti — — 


Gtort T 93Zp M8pl 

ChsdtpptotBtfOpO— WOpf-aapJ 
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UlU Yodc 



The Co-operative Sauk will 
become fee fiist Eoopen 
financial institution to pay 
interest to its Visa card cus- 
tomers wife crefit balances. 

The move h Hlcely to inten- 
sify competition In fee credit 
card market and fee Co- 
operative Bank beGeves ft.vrfll 
Mp transform fee people 

use fear audit c a r ds . 

The bank will pay 10.03 pa 
cent grass interest (7-5 pa 
■cent after tax) bn aD access 
money kept in its Visa card- 
holders’ ac counts from fee 
fr fgnmmg of next month. 

The move is aimed at 
competing wife ordinary cur- 
rent aconmts wife a cheque 
fodfityou which interest is not 
nsufry paid. Beforenow there 
has been no incentive to keep 
credit card accounts m the 
Made as no interest was paid. 

The bank is one of the 
smallest oetfit card operators 
ia Britain, wfth 160,008 out of 
an estimated total of 17 ntD- 
Boa credftcard-hohkfs. 

It w31 ruse fee briefest ft 
charges *& debit balances by 
035 per cent to 2 per cent a, 
month, equivalent to. -268-per 
cent a year, from Decoaba 1 
in linewith ofeer banks. 

By bnrBankmg Correspondent 

Mr Tory Thomas, erae- 

i. rive director for (tired fiaaa- 
1 dal services, described the 
new 1 interest foeflfty as a way 
of saving and m a n ag in g 

Itwasmmed at moresoplib- 
ticated customers, comprising 
about 18 pa cent of fee ndutt 
: population in Britain. These 
people, be said, were keen to 
earn interest on money they 
’■ woe not usmg and were aware 
of their monthly cash flow. 

■ ‘Most of onr card-boidars 
i come from the ABC1 social 
groups who wfll be most 
: fetoested ia fee new interest 
■. fodUty.” 

Until they n eeded it, the 
: money would be eaniiM daffy 
!' bOerest on their credit card 
accounts and there would be 
no charges. 

- Mr Thomas said this was 
fee first step in trandormos 
i fee way Britain’s credit eatd- 
' holders perceive and nsepha- ] 
tic money. So for credit cards i 
have been exctasfveJy Uenti- • 
: fied wife crefflt but in future- i 
they would be the baste of a i 
more sophisticated and flex- 
ible payments system. 

. Electronic fends transfer at s 
• point of sale, where a card is i 

used for slum purchases and 
debited to a customer’s bank 
account, would be a farther 
step ia this direction. 

Mr Thomas said the Co- 
operative was able to launch 
its new initiative because ft 
controlled its own Visa 

Interest payments would not 
damage tiie profitability of its 
credit end operation as fee 
cost would be no greater than 
feat inemred hi raising fee 
tame amount of money in the 
wholesale money markets. 

• Petrol pumps feat operate 
in tire same way as cash 
dispensers will be appearing 
on garage forecourts next year. 

BardaycanTa Pinpoint sys- 
tem will allow card-holders to 
skH their cards iato the pmnp, 
key in their personal identi- 
fication tram h ers and be 
charged automatically 

The Pinpoint system, which 
is already dishing out tickets 
at 12 "*ainfiue British Raff 
stations, will be installed at tip 
to 130 Shell petrol stations 
nationwide earfy next year. 

Pinpoint is available to 
Barchjcsrd, Yorkshire Bank 
and Mercantile Credit Visa 

' Wouldn't ft be marvellous if yon could choose how much you 
pay each month in mortgage repayment? 

It is possible. John Charcot's new flexible mortgage is quite 

• It combines fee advantages of a fixed znterest/floating 

interest mortgage with the possibility of reducing the monthly 
payment without prior notice. 

Unlike other mortgages, which either have a fixed interest 
rate or one that floats up and down depending on the market our 
new mortgage gives you a choice. 

You may opt for a floating rate and then change your mortgage 
to a fixed rate at a month's notice. More interesting, you may opt 
to defer up to 30% of the payme n ts whenever you wish. 

This means yon can choose to pay less if fee interest rate rises. 
Or if your other commitments rise. 

If your other expenses come down, or your income climbs 
temporarily, you may opt to pay more. 

Our new mortgage is available to everyone who is looking to 
borrow between £15.001 and £250.000. up to 3.5 times a single 

It is available to purchase properties up to 100% of their 
value, although sums up to 70% can be borrowed without a status 

In short, if yoor income is flexible, if your outgoings are 
flexible, if you just don't know enough about your future earnings, 
or even if you just don’t want to be tied down to a fixed monthly 
repayment then our new mortgage is for you. 

Telephone ns on 01-589 7080 for our brochure or to make 
an appointment. 

Mui-wy House. 1 95 Kiughisbridfle. L«ai«r?SW7 IRE. ’H.-Ol-SflOTOSO. 



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Delta Air 
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Eaton Oorp 
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Royal Dutch 



61 K 






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•I»ih>fl^ ct>iW»«ytoQ ita khWtcicxaeti «Mb»bs» pSx*^ITtu&rl«!gi»Hl 

New York (Agencies) — 
Wail street prices eased in 
early trading yesterday amid 
uncertainty about economic 
policy ra the final two years of 
President Reagan’s term now 
that the Democrats have 
wrested control of the Senate 

from the Republicans. 

Treasury funding also cre- 
ated uneasiness for investors 
concerned over interest rates. 

The Dow Jones indnstrial 
average slipped 0-56 to 
1393.00 at one stage when the 
transport indicator was up 

435 at 848.75 and the utilities 
average was down 032 at 
209.47. The 65 stocks average 
rose 039 to 74834. 

The broader Standard & 
Poor’s 500-share index edged 
op 0.04 to 240.24 with the New 
York Stock Ex chang e com- 
posite index showing a gain of 
0.03 to 14133. 

Declining shares were lead- 
ing afeMring issues by a six- 
to-five marg in in early deals 
when the volume totalled 
abont 43 ntiUnm shares. 

IBM, which went ex-divi- 
dend yesterday, fell fell l 7 s to 

Lear-Stegler, a takeover tar- 
get of AFG, jumped 2Vi to 
90%. Other companies are 
likely to make a bid for the 
aerospace company. 

• Hie Canadian engineering 
services and hydraulic dis- 
tribution businesses of Curtis 
Hoover at Edmonton, Alberta, 
and Fort St John, British 
Columbia, are to be taken over 
by Peacock Inc, a subsidiary of 
the Weir Group of Glasgow. 

The deal is worth Can$5J 
millhtt(£23 million). 

Blue Arrow aims for 
third US acquisition 

From Michael Cbui,Neir York 

Blue Arrow, the fast-grow- 
ing services group, is out to 
acquire a New York employ- 
ment agency franchise as part 
of an assault on the lucrative 
US temporary employment 

Hr To; 

Mr Tony Berry, chairman 
of the group, whose Brook 
Street Bureau and Hoggett 
Bowers subsidiaries already 
operate from New York, said 
he was close to finalizing the 
SIS million (£10.56 million) 
acquisition and expected to 
make an announcement soon. 

The business has 108 
branches nationwide and gen- 
erates $80 million of revenue. 
The exit p/e is expected to be 
about $12 million. 

It win be Blue Arrow’s third 
acquisition in the US in as 
many months. In September, 
the group bought Temporaries 
Inc, a Washington agency 
operating through 33 
branches, in a £30 million 


Last month, it paid $7 

Mr ToHy Berry: looking ft 
rapid growth in the US 

million for Positions Inc, a 
Boston agency with turnover 
last year of $6 million. All- 
three buys win be financed by 
Blue Arrow’s recent £30 mil- 
lion rights issue. 

The ambitious Mr Beny is 
looking for rapid growth, with 
the main thrust of group 
profits coming from America 
over the next three years. “We 
hope to establish a national. 

permanent employment agen- 
cy business. No one in the US 
has done this," he sakL 

He is pluming to establish 
at feast 250 branches through- 
out the US by the end of next 
. year in addition to the 250 
operating in Britain. Thu . is 
just the next phase in Blue 
Arrow’s dramatic expansion 
programme which has seen frs 
stock market value grow from 
£3.1 million at the time it 
joined the USM in 1984 to 
more than £130 mifixon after 
its promotion to a full listing 
in July. 

Blue Arrow has : already 
forecast pretax profits of £&2 
milli on for the year to Octo- 
ber, just ended, and analysts 
are already looking fora figure 
of £14 million this year, 
excluding the £3 million ex- 
pected contribution from the 
US interests. : 

Mr Berry has applied for an 
ADR facility in New York and 
trading in the -shares is likely 
to start next year. 

Small firms’ future ‘brighter’ 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Prospects for small firms in 
London and the South-east 
have brightened, but overall 
business conditions remain 
depressed, according to the 
third-quarter survey by the 
London Chamber of Com- 

Small manufacturing firms, 
the survey said, had had 
increased orders from domes- 
tic and export markets and for 
these, as well as retail busi- 
nesses. there was “light at the 

end of the tunnel". 

But larger companies were 
not experiencing an upturn- 
“The significant decline in the 
growth of new orders and 
output of the second quarter 
was not repeated," the cham- 
ber said. Several large manu- 
facturers had had difficulties 
in these areas. 

Mr Dermot Glynn, chair- 
man of the chamber’s eco- 
nomic affairs committee, said 
business in the region was in 

difficulty. Firms had yet to 
recover from the big setback 
to growth in the second 

Rates of growth seemed to 
be weO below those reported 
for the same period of 1985 
but there had been an 
improvement in gnaB co- 
mpanies* performance and 
employment prospects had 
also improved slightly. Com- 
panies eded high, interest rates 
as their chief concern. 

We’d like to get 

on first name terms. 

P LEASE DON’T THINK we’re advocating 
any unseemly informality. Bar from it 
We merely wish to become the first name that 
springs to mind when you’re considering any- 
thing to do with offices, shops, or industrial and 
high-technology buildings. 

Anything, did we say? Yes, more or less. . 
We’re aware that’s rather a large claim. 
However, we are rather a large practice. 
(We’ve eighty-five partners and associates, 
and over five hundred staff in the UK alone.) 

And we didn’t get big by. turning down 
small jobs. In the past year, for example, 
we’ve handled instructions on units ranging 
in size from 400 square feet up. Admittedly, 
the largest is 3 million square feet, and it’s true 
that much of our work is extremely large. 

As a matter of fact we think our size adds 
perspective to our experience and skills. 

Big can be beautiful too, you know. 

We’d like to put our skills at your service. And 
to begin with, let’s run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying, and 
selling, and the funding of property development 
Our agency teams cover developing, letting 
and acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property’s worth. 

And in these days of ‘intelligent buildings’ 
you need highly intelligent advice on manage- 
ment maintenance, and the improvement of 

What’s more our databank is one of the 

largest sources of commercial property informa- 
tion; which is one reason we act as consultants 
to so many clients. 

And we’re just as at home abroad. In other 
Jones Lang Wbotton firms overseas there are a 
further 125 partners and 1,200 staff in 35 offices, 
in 14 countries, on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or 
small, we’re at your service. 

If you’d like to know anything else, please 
call us on 01-493 6040. 

To begin with,just ask for Jones Lang Wbotton. 

Jones Lang 

The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Surveyors. International Real Estate Consultants. 22 Hanover Square. London W1A 2BN. Telephone: 01-493.6040. 
Kent House. Telegraph Streeu Moorgute, London EC2R 7J L. Telephone: 01-638 6040. 


goes down a treat 

The market’s appetite for mtxfcst 545,478 Oimsjue 
shares in high street drug- being sim by directors, fcav- 
stoies and cbetmsis appears ing; £1 375 million gross bring 
to be insatiable. Panin axe rased for me company. At 

ists with 1 00 institutions 
preparation for the shares 
being granted a full Stock 
listing next week. 
Apart from Boots, which is 

work out at more dan 18 per 
ceni of the money raised for 
the company. . : . 

Very much m ztt avow is 

countrywide, the four main the way it does thebtslfc ofits 
ouoted drugstore chains have business — pro*eBing ideas 
distinct regional flavours - for books, mafctngsarc if has 
Tip Top Drugstores is based sufficient firm orders before 
in the North, Superdrug in coalmining itself to substan- 
ihc south Midlands, Share- tial expenditure. 

The company is&secasti 

in the West Country and 
also a dispens- 
ing chemist, in London. 
Lloyds Chemists is based in 
the West Midlands 


profits of £875,00$ 
it a prospective p/e 

ratio of 12.7. seemingly a 

ftrtfc on the high side. The 

_ has grown rapidly. USM-quoted Masfcriink. the 

by acquisition, since only comparable company. 

AHen Lloyd, the founder and came to market on a less 
rhaipnan, acquired his first ambitious p/e of ftbom 10, 
chemist’s shop in 1973, although, in fairness to 

shortly after qualifying as a Quarto. Mnstorfink has since 
pharmacist. It now has 105 thrived.' - 
stores, of which IM « T A MF . . 
chemist shops dispensing Na- 3-* oc It* I u 

^ London A Metro pofitaa Es- 

tans * making its .stock 
ncm-dispeismg drugstores mgte a game 

caffing matter the mine ^ founders 

2 ®*® * BE*!***# Trust 
totveiL 23 sfores > indndmg 10 (L&HT) ami Balfour Baity. 

D t£ 2 P ^ m rTi r rt nn r It hare to establish a 
i • Sfr. ^r. i mrr dear identity to distingawh it 

from foe Beckwith brothers. 

• T .1n4;. n rfi.r— UtHU UK KVMfUU MUUKU, 

wbo L&£r > aud the 
construction company where 
Mr David Lewis. LM&Fs 

Warwcfafane dBtribuuon 

~ JL .. iulih Mnr its enlarged share capital 
LAET and Balfour Beatty 

LM&Fs most important 

deal has been the 25a000sq 
b*r of Drugstops and expand- ^ 0 fy, ce development. 

■ ... - ■ w-iu- n uiticc . wiisivuiusui, 

jbe rangp of m ghei 1 - ■^ n ^ rna ] cn - Street, in foe 

margin own label items. **i* a ““* B 

City. This will contribute £2 
7^ million to profits next year 

and accounted for 73 per. cent 

of -* e Sqmre Ma& 

foe forecast net dividend of 
i J28p is 1.71 percent. . 

Quarto Group 

foces huge project 
management fees for the 
schemer which is dependent 
on ." foe company's two 
fotmdera and County & Dis- 

TheiQuarto Group Inc does trict Properties beating rivals 
not quite pobfish books — bat for the site, 
goes a long *ray towards it Ofoer joint projects, which 

The company, which is com- include the 273,000 sq ft of 
ing to the USM via a placing retailing at Whiteteys in 
by the broker Capri-One London and the Watchmoor 
Myras, creates' and designs Park high-tech scheme in 
glossy fflustraied in formati on Suney — yet to be funded — 
books. ... should provide useful profits 

Quarto's chairman db- in the medium term. But 
scribes its role as that of “a L&ETs identified schemes 
publisher’s publisher”. It pro- wifl account for 10 per cent of 
duces books for other pub- gross profits this year and 34 
lisheratosefltmdto'drefrcmn per cent next year. - * 
names. It does not dirty its Ap/eofl23 looks reason- 
hands with the warehonsing able for a company that has a 
or distribution side; : good project management 
Capri-Cure is placing just, record, but has yet to build up 
over L7 minion shares in its development and invest- 
Quarto at U5p a. share. A ment arms. 


ERTY TRUST: Results for the 
half yearto October 5 miDOOs. 
Interim 5p (3.75p adjusted) 
payable January 5. Rental in- 
come. exclusive of rates 3,760 
(3,47lX Safes by dealing com- 
panks 8,788 (6,840). Opbating 

profit: surplus from property 
(2 ,1611. Profit 

rentals 2,428 

from sales of dealing nrooerties 
4390 (3382). pKfiSnrateSf 
investment properties -430 
(145). Other income 140.(127). 
Share of pmGt of relaxed com- 
panies 23 (7). Interest payable 
and similar charges 70 (179). 
Pretax profit 7.341 (5,643). Tax 
2^12 (2,230). tamings per or- 
' share 5J5p (4.35p ad- 
Net asset value per 
share given in the last annual 
report adjusted for the. 
capitalization issue and the 
profits -retained during the half 
yearis52%. . 

TION: Results for the year to 
September 30 (figures in £000s). 
Final dividend 2. 4p making 
3.4p (same). Uhfranked divi- 
dends 1258 (1.474). Franked 
dividends 7 (nil). Interest 
receivable 297 (300). Gross 
revenue 1,562 (1,774). Interest 
charges 243 (382). Administra- 
tion expenses 283 (229). Rev- 
enue before tax 1.036 (1,163). 
Tax 377 (495). Earnings per 
share 3,54p (3.6 lp). Net asset 
value 461 3p (316-Ip). It is 
intended to change the 
company’s name to Nasco Iruer- 
national, subject to 
sharehokters’ approval at the 
sneral meeting on December 9. 
ivideod payable December 31. 

Acceptances have been received 
in respect of 2,975.614 new 

The U ?^442 nottaken^-have 
been sold in the market mid the 
net proceeds will be distriboted 
to those ordinary shareholders 
who did not take up their 

The offer on behalf of. Bennett 
and Fountain for the company 
is unconditional as. .to. -accep- 
tances. At the dose of business 
yesterday acceptances were re- 
edved in respect of 9.423,123 
shares (9031 per cent). Before 
October I, when tire offer was 
announced, B&F held no shares 
in the company and has nor. 
acquired nny smee.- The' offer 
re mains ope nfora<X £ptanccs. J 

CAN TRUST: On November 7 

Results far the nine months to 
September 30 in SOOOs. Third 
quarterly dividend $0.05 or 33p 
($0,075). Revenue 201,196 
(171,132). Earnings from opera- 
tions 40365 (2^79). Other 

- income interest and dividend 
income 7385 (5302). Interest 
and finance expense 35,065 
(9,454). Foreign exchange loss 
1370 (459 loss). Other loss 368 
(1,642 loss). . Earnings before 
income taxes 10,947 (36326). 
Income taxes 5,036 (16.663). 
Net earnings 5,911 (19,563). 
Earnings per share $0.17 

• D ALGETY: The acquisition 
of Golden Wonder and the 
vendor placing of 20,000,000 
new ordinary shares at 245p, 
have been completed. 

INGS: Results for . the period 
from January to September in 
guilders 000s. Net rales 39,084 

or £12 million (42S48). Income 
dons 2,032 i 

from operations 2,032 (2,313). 
Gearing adjusted 232 (443). 
Finance income and expenses 
1,221 (1,535). Income before 
taxes 2,043 (1,221). Taxes 470 

More company news 
. is on page 28 

tlw company yrifl repay its US$5 
million (£33. million) 

. thney 
month fixed loan and borrows 
further US$5- mjUipn^ fbr . a 
period of one month. . 

company's proposed acquisition 
of Green Lane Developments 
for an initial conrideration of 
£1,033.760 win be substantially 
financed by a vendor placing of 
900,000 new ordinary shares at 
100p. A rights issue of 1,066,406 
new ordinary shares at lOOp is 
also proposed. Green Lane's 
mam business is the develop- 
ment 'of quality housing in 
Hampshire: The vendors are 
retaining 133.760 of the initial 
consideration shares. Further 
consideration may be paid 
depending upon foe future 
profits hfljty of Green Lane. The 
rights issue proceeds, estimated 
at £992,530, wiH primarily be 
used to finance Walker's expan- 
sion in commercial and residen- 
tial property. The vendor 
placing has been anan&d and 
foe rights issue substantially 
underwritten by Security Pacific 
Trust (Bahamas). 

•AMER GROUP: It is pro- 
posed to pay a dividend of 39.4 
million Finnish mar kka of £5.6 
million - (Fun24^ million) or 
Hm3.70 (Fim 3.50) per share 
and' Fim I J} 5 per new share 
issued under the rights issue and 
; issue to* employees, made be- 
tween January 6 ami February 
28, for foe 1983-86 financial 
Sear- . 

- t f .- i 

t k ' 

• . v 

,'i * . - ^ ; 


-. : 


t r : - 

r» : 



_i. •-flfei 


tipped for 
big launch 

By Judith Huntley 

Mr Stuart Upton’s Stan- 
hope Securities will. make its 
stock market debut before 

Christmas. It is likely to be a 
highly successful flotation. 

with conservative estimates 
patting the market capitaliza- 
tion at more than £100 

It will, however, be a diffi- 
cult company to value in that 
it is like Rosehaugh, Mr 
Upton’s development partner 
in some of the country’s 
biggest schemes in ball sectors 
of the market Rosehaugh, 
run by Mr Godfrey Bradman, 
w ho is regarded as a financial 
wizard, trades at a substantial 
pre mium to net asset value. 
The growth in its share price 
has been meteoric. 

The strength of sentiment 
for the company may well 
apply to Stanhope Securities, 
operating as it does by carving 
out a new market in formerly 
unacceptable locations, catch- 
ing demand at tbs right mo- 
ment and creating value by so 

The strategy has paid off for 
him with Rosehaugh at the 
£500 million Broad gate 
scheme at Liverpool Street 
station in London, a joint 
venture with the British Rail 
Property Board. 

Rosehaugh Stanhope is also 
contender to develop tire 
Spiialfields Market site on the 
eastern edge of the City close 
to Broadgaie. 

The Upton and Bradman 
scheme, unveiled this week, 
conforms to the planning brief 
for the area, unlike that pro- 
duced by the Spitalfidds 
Development Group. There 
would be 750,000 sq ft of 
offices in the Rosehaugh Stan- 
hope development, a figure 
which Mr Upton says makes 
commercial sense. 

Mr Lrpton left Greycoat, 
where he was joint managing 
director with responsibility for 
development and construc- 
tion, in 1983. For the next 
year or so he kept a low 
profile, spending much of his 
time m the united States, 
examining architectural and 
construction methods which 
he has applied here. 

He then setupStockley, the 
property company developing 
tbe Z5 million sq ft Stoddey 
Park business park near 
Heathrow airport His part- 
ners in Stockley are Mr EHiott 
Bemerd, of Morgan Grenfell 
Laurie, and Mr Jacob Roth- 

It remains to be seen what 
arrangements -Mr Upton will 
make with Stoddey once Stan- 
hope comes to the market, and 
bow much of Stanhope’s wrf 
its are likely to accrue from 
that source. 

Fletcher King 
market debnt 
may raise £4m 

Fletcher Xing, tire London 
firm of chartered surveyors, 
will make its stock market 
debut before the end of the 
month. The flotation date has 
yet to be ann«Hiced.It is being 
handled by Cazenove, the 
broker, and Li zar d Brothers, 
the merchant bank. 

Cazenove was chosen be- 
cause of its independence from 
any large fin anci a l con- 

cision to offer only 3Q to 40 per 
cent of its equity to the market 
reflects its own preference for 
independence. . M 

The agent hopes to.raise £3 
mason to £4 million from tire 
flotation on a market cap- 
itsdizathKQ of £10 mflfion. 

Eight Fletcher King direo- 
tors will he made equity 
pa*®** 8 * . 1 — 

Mr David Fletcher will 
become chairman and chief 
executive of tire pnbfic com- 
pany and Mr Adrian Whate? 
the present current investment 
partner, will become becoming 

Directors will be con tracte d 
to tire company for between 
three and five years and 
employees wfll be offered 
shares in the company. 

Fletcher King intends to nse 

part of the money from the 
fl otatio n to open an office in 

the City. H is now based in the 

West End. ^ 

pretax profit* for the six 
months to October 31 were 
£750,060: There WB1 .be a 
profits’ forecast at the time of 
the flotation. 

The City is seeing a tag 
marfcetin property terms tat it 

is a family competitiw TBarktt 

for surveyors who are compet- 
ing with each other, merchant 
bpnfcfi aad financial corp- 

Thames Valley 
fears allayed 

There is no serious over- 
supply ofoew industrial spaa 
in SeTtaiWS Valley, acmrf- 

fog surveyors. 

It finds Thai the supply of 
tow office content bwldmgszs. 
a6 milfion sq ^ 
with tire atoMup &&***/» 
million sq ft. Suptfy ofhigh- 
led! bufldtags.feth^^ 
demand but tbe S" 8 *? m 
«nnplvocu£tes from a low base- 

raaers snow lirst signs 

Lawson sweetens plans 
with soothing fudge 

The stock maritet showed 
signs of running out of steam 
yesterday as tired broken 
dreamt of long weekends as 
the first account after Big Bang 
drew nearer its dose: 

They turned a blind eye to 
.Wall Street's encouraging 
start,, with the Dow Jones 
opening 6.6 points higher at 

1899.04, and allowed the FT 
30-share index to close apjust 
1-8 at 1296.1. Ibe broader- 
based FT-SE 100 index foxed 
slightly better.' After opening 
8.8 points lower it managed to 
dose 6.7 points higher, ai 


Gilts were also in a lack- 
lustre mood. They opened i?a 
belter across tbe -board but 
returned to overnight levels 
within minutes and refused to 
move again all day. Traders 
said they were waiting for the. 
Chancellor’s Autumn Stale- 

By Carol Leonard 

Schweppes 4p to I 89p and Reddtt has now finalized its 

Grand Metropolitan 3p to 
438p. '-. 

glass manufacturer, went up 
14p to a new high at 550p on 
continued - bid rumours. Tbe 
talk late yesterday was that 
BTR would bemaianga Wd a* 
650p a share before the 

. An announcement from Sir 
Phil Harris that his Harris 
Queensway retail outfit las 
increased its holding in GUS, 
where be already has a seat on 
the board, to more than 23 per 
cent, foiled -to impress the 

market Harris Qaeensway 

slipped a peony to 214p and 
Gas' ordinary shares . were 
down' a couple to . I488p. 
Sector watchers think Sir Phil 

$120 million acquisition of 
Durkee Famous Foods from 
Hanson Trust, and it has 
taken advantage in a change in 
Australian law which now 
allows overseas parents to 
own 100 per cent of their 
Australian subsidiaries. Last 
year Reddtt & Caiman 
Australia contributed 25 per 
cent of group profits. 

Elsewhere in the healthcare 
sector Glaxo lost 16p to 929p 
— a two-day fell of 24p — on 
further worries that Merck’s 
new anti-olcer drug Pepcid 
might knock Glaxo’s profits. 
Merck announced’ yesterday 
that it would be selling the ‘ 
drug in the US at the same 
price as Smith Kline & 

give a significant boost to 
profits for at least the next two 

French’s Tagamet ulcer drug, 
may be plannmg to raise his - a mafercS 

talding to 29.9 per cent and Glax0 > s zamac. Ammtam 

• Shares in Londim Inter' 
national group, the Dorex 
nmau fect o rer, have risen 
steadily as a result of the Aids 
scareaad could stffl have 
some way to go. Its shares at 
249.5p yesterday woe on a 
17.5 p/e. The only com- 
parable company is tire 
American group Carter Wal- 
lace, whose rating is al- 
ready at twice that level. 

menu expected later today. . 

British Telecom was foe 
highest volume stock with 17 
million foares going through 
the market Its shares eased 
just a penny to 189p. Hanson, 
after its third day of ADRs, 
had 13 million shares traded 
and finned. 2p to 206p. IC1 
slipped 5p to 1084p, Cadbury 

that while a merger could be 
on the cards, it is fikely to be 
years rather than weeks away. 

Elsewhere in stores, Sears 
was again a high volume stock 
with 10 million shares chang- 
ing hands. Its share price 
eased Up to I36.5p. 
shares have now climbed 34p 
in two days. 

Miss Linda Tremaine, sec- 
tor analyst at Savory Milln, 
the broker, thinks the shares 
are due for a relaxing. “The 
company has made a number 
of good acquisitions, bringing 
it more into foe northern 
hemisphere and people in the 
City are now starting to reo 
ognize the feet that the com- 
pany is changing,” she says. 

Reckitt & Grfntan, the 
Dettol-to-musianl consumer 
group, intrigued dealers yes- 
terday by jumping 23p to 804p 

Oils were buoyant again, 
ahead of ShelPs thud-quarter 
results, out later today, and 
encouraged further by a rise in 
foe oil price. Brent crude, for 
January delivery, gained more 
than 47 cents a barrel to 

Shell climbed 23p to 953p, 
BP 23p to 709p, Bramah 
12.5p to 359.5p, Lasmo 9p to 
I44p and BritoiL7p to I53jx 
Ultramar finned 3p to 164p 
on talk that its New Zealand i 
stakeholders had been buying , 

Lnrotherm, the industrial 
automation stock, jumped! 
18p to 268p, as one or two , 
leading brokers upgraded their 
profits forecast to about £12 ! 

International . rose 13p 

STC, foe telecommunica- 
tions combine, ended the day 
unchanged ai I62pafter active 
trade with a volume of 23 
million shares. The stock is 
being recommended as a 
“buy” by Chase Securities, 
which had a meeting with the 
company on Tuesday. 

Hopes are growing in the 
City that STC will be awarded 
the £200 milfion transatlantic 

• Beecham is expected to 
name its sew finance director 
next week, when Mr Bob 
B auman, chairman, returns 
from the US. The company 
has been without one since 
ApriL T omor r o w, analysts 
win discuss with medical ex- 
perts the company’s new 
blood dot drug Eminase. Its 
stares firmed 3p to 441p. 

Autumn, or at least the autumn 
statement, has come upon us early 
this year. For the first time, a 
Chancellor is squeezing this, one of 
the two key events in the domestic 
economic calendar, ahead of 
Parliament's long weekend before the 
Queen’s Speech. 

That said, and notwithstanding its 
proximity U> Guy Fawkes’ night, 
today's statement is unlikely to con- 
tain fireworks. The Treasury has set 
its store, arid its reputation, on 
sticking to pre-arranged public expen- 
diture totals. 

Any slippage, bearing in mind that 
the Government is all but adrift from 
its monetary targets and has yet to 
escape convincingly from another 
sterling crisis, would go down like tbe 
proverbial lead balloon. And so the 
planning total has to be £144 billion, 
despite suggestions that it will be 
substantially higher. Unless the Chan- 
cellor is determined to undermine the 
good fortune that has come his way in 
recent days on sterling and the 
avoidance of even higher base rates, 
he will know that he cannot wear his 
election rosette that obviously. 

But the fiscal arithmetic, given an 
impending general election, is bound 

billion. This was always somewhat 
artificial, given that £3.2 billion of it 
was to disappear almost immediately 
to the local authorities. 

The public spending round has been 
conducted in conditions of almost 
eerie silence, suggesting that no 
ministers have been upset enough to 
give vent to their feelings. There were, 
too. expensive-soundmg spending 
promises at the Tory Conference. But 
as firmly put was Nigel Lawson's 
statement: “We will not engage in an 
irresponsible spending spree”. 

There will, therefore, be an in- 
evitable element of fudge in the 
spending figures and the totals avail- 
able today will tend to disguise this. 
The reserve is likely to be low, at little 
more than £2 billion. In addition, tbe 
Chief Secretary to the Treasury, John 
MacGregor, has put the ball into the 
department's court for seeking to off- 
set expenditure savings and this may 
result in heroic assumptions about 
underspending and other devices. 

The implication of the spending 
round is also likely to be rather higher 
increases in local authority rates and 
nationalized industry charges next 
year t han is ideal for continued low 
inflation. The Treasury’s reputation 
for inflation forecasting has been very 
good over the past years. Today’s 
forecast, which will show little upturn 
in the rate next year, will again stretch 
credibility to the limits. Some City 
economists are looking for a doubling 
of the rate to 6 per cent by the end of 
next year. 

to be more than suspect. The City will 
be on the look-out for shades of 1 982- 

nnllion and declared the 
shares cheap. 

Daintier, the connector 
manufacturer, pot on 12p to 
150p after a broker’s “buy” 

London & Continental 
Advertising gained lOp to 
116p on the news that MAI 
has increased its stake from IS 
per cent to 21 per cent. 

sub-sea fibre-optic cable order 
from Cable & Wireless. STC is 
competing against the Japa- 
nese company Fujitsu for the 
contract, if u wins it will 
increase its chances of being 
awarded a second identical 
contract in two years time. 
Analysts estimate that it win 

S3, when Sir Geoffrey Howe displayed 
a talent for creative accounting. 

The Treasury began with a planning 
total of £143.9 billion for 1987-88 and 
a contingency reserve set at a fat £6.3 

Grand Met changes gear 

These prices are as at 6.45pm 


Mob Low Company 


BM Otter CtVg* 

Mad.' 1988 

P/E HUO Mgh Low Company 

363 248 Mfed-Lyona 
174 13S ASDAMR 
332 237 BTR 
491 308 BAT 
590 429 Barclays 
840 620 Baas 
443 318 Bsscharc 
728 526 BiuaCfrete ' 

388 277-3 BOC . 

289 170 BOOb ' 

BOB 421 Br Aarospaoa 
70S 516 Br Raboteum 
280 177'iBrTalaeocn 
210 90 Brito* 

3S6 238 Burton . 

389 277 Cabto & «Wmtosa 
196 142 Qadbfty Schwappaa 
338 228 com Union 

70* 409 Com GoMWtte . 
320 190 CwrtMtts - 
438 216 Oboom 0rp . . . - 

650 408. Rsona 

85* 701 Ban Accktaflt 
226 158 GEC - 
Tl^TWh Glaxo 
458 328 dud Mat . " 
11 1 i721 GUS ’X 

554 720 ORE. 

885 236 CKKN 

555 275 Gufenaaa 
206 T41 Hanson 

623 403 HaMtarttUay 

307 312 
188 170 
286 290 a 
468 483 • 
463 480 
733 743 
437 442 
620 625 ' 
3S7 340 
237 240 
477 482 
703 708 • 
188 190 
15e -154 
284 288 ' 

315 320 

187 190 
279 282 * 
05B 665 m 
3TB 321 
3S6 380 
572. 577 
US 852 . 

188 -171 
925 985 
435 440 

10'* ICPii • 

eta 8i7 

248 251 • 
328 333 
206 207 
434 440' 

4j4 14.1 G97 

27 104 

34 20,1 1.700 
37 126 5400 
58 7 JO 573 

29 15.7 156 

39 18,3 £000 
4^ 83 1.500 

47 128 774 

42 ISjB Z500 
A3 10.1 810 

BJ 7.7 4£00 
57 11.017.000 

6.1 4.1 7.200 

24 19S 1.500 

2.1 174 24» 

4jB 22.1 MMXW 
02 ■ . 1.100 
5i3 109 2400 
29 10.8 1.100 
IS 205 815 

IS 253 630 

4J0 21 3 248 
ae 108 2200 
22 194 798 

AI 147 787 
29 128 308 

5.2 226 35 

72 84 B» 

AI . 128 982 

28 18318400 
4.9 OS 877 

11 *b 734 
583 335 
391 312 
348 Z7B 
288 133 
484 293 
283 183 
231 183 
599 417 
683 425 
576 428 
248 162 
842 718 
234 148' 
900 60S 
558 S<5 
791 511 
987 762 

bno Chon M 



Land Sacu ri Maa 

Lagal & On 



Marks & Spancar 
Mktand . 

Nat Watt 

Racal Beet 
RacMt Cohnan 

Royal Ins 

426 344 Satrafctay (I) 

748 102 Saan 
415 331 GodgaMkGp 
970 653 Shall 
166 . 88 STC 
772 520 Sun Aflanca 
99 80 TBB P/P 
420 285 Taaco 
529 374 Thom EM 
349 248 Trafalgar House 
209 139 TruShOUra Fbrta 
Ifli. miMawr 
289 218 UU BtecuOs 








CMter Clraa 



P/E -090 

10* 10% 



12.1 1.100 







10l5 1300 






173 238 






223 581 







289 1300 






69 47 





113 489 






233 2JQ0 

585 .572 




21.1 1300 





BA 889 





4 3 

149 2S5 






135 7300 






52.9 1300 






183 8.100 






174 1.000 






423 2700 






9.1 374 






873 473 






235 1.000 

135b 137 




173 1030 






175 174 






&4 5500 





153 2300 






823 116 



• . 






228 200 






343 1.700 






7.7 1300 





17.1 9300 

19*8 19*b 



17.7 297 






127 948 

Grand Metropolitan, the drinks, ho- 
tels and food empire built by Maxwell 
Joseph, yesterday made the long- 
awaited change in direction, with its 
sights set on the 1990s. Widespread 
management changes include a new 
chief executive, splitting the roles of 
the chairman Sir Stanley Grinstead. 

Tbe man given the job of executing 
strategic policy changes is the leading 
candidate within the group — Allen 
Sheppard, aeed 53 — who has been 
responsible for the Watney-Truman 
brewing operations, Mecca (the book- 
makers now hived off) and the 
restaurant activities. As chief exec- 
utive he wfll oversee all Grand Met's 
activities. Day-to-day responsibility 
for drinks, brewing and retailing will 
fall to Anthony Tennant, aged 55. 

Other changes leave Sir Stanley fine 
to concentrate on strategy. The pres- 
sures on him have been considerable, 
and of late, mounting. Inevitably 
there have been rumours of bids as 
Alan Bond, among others, bought into 
the company. In truth. Sir Stanley, 
who is a private man, has not sat 
comfortably in the seats vacated by 
his extraordinary predecessor. He has 
been blamed by the company’s critics 

fora performance that has fallen short 
in several markets. 

Since his arrival on the board in 
1964 as joint managing director, he 
has, in tact, helped steer the company 
from sales of £5 million to £5.5 billion 
and a position of pre-eminence in a 
number of major consumer markets. 

The re-focusing of Grand Metro- 
politan is now taking place. The 
European brewing operations have 
been sold; the group has finally 
withdrawn from tobacco with the sale 
of the Liggett business in the United 
States; and Mecca has been floated off, 
signalling an important restructuring. 

These moves have been completed 
against a threatening background and 
the well expressed intentions of 
predators to cash in on what would be 
a highly desirable break-up exercise of 
the remaining businesses, some of 
which still struggle to achieve their full 

At 62, Sir Stanley still has a role to 
play in preparing the ground for tbe 
Grand Metropolitan of the next 
decade. The able and ambitious Allen 
Sheppard, who has been the chief 
critic with the board, will need all the 
help Sir Stanley and others can give 


The ‘joys’ of spending 
more while still saving 

A tale of 

One of foe most important 
battles of principle in this 
year’s pahtic spending survey 
has heea that #ver pvvafiznig 
some of the public sector’s 
jnfraslrttdaii: projects. 

Infrastructure b a wont over 
which foe Conservative Party 
has stumbled since Mxs 
Thatcher came , to power. 
Soond finance and lower tax- 
ation imply firm control of 
public spending, and the east*, 
est part of pibfie spending to 
regulate is the rate of capital 


But Tories believe in saving 
and investment So time and 
again the Government has 
found itself attacked by its 
own side as well as by foe 
Opposition parties for failing 
to wMifahHte the Government's 

And Acre are obvious, potttteat 
attractions in being able to 
argue that privatization allows 
foe consumer to have las cake 
and eat it. 

the unexpected for 

John Moore: Catting the 
Gordian knot. 

rate of capital investment 
- Enter Mr John Moore, 
Secretary of State for Trans- 
port, with a proposal to ent foe 
Gordian knot by allowing 
capital projects sech as foe 

Hartford read bridge over the 
Thames on the M25 to be 

Thames on the M2S to be 
financed by foe private sector. 

The pflddkal appeal is dear. 
If the private sector is pre- 
pared to fond desirable capital 
prefects , foe country can have 
feMfe 1 more - capital, spending 
and control of pobfic expctt- 
danre. One of the major areas 
of contention between Tory 
wets and dries vanishes. / 

Bat this idea, tike similar 

ctaSBmer of “going private.” 

- At fids stage foe Prime 
Minister’s policy unit in- 
troduced another argument to 
the d eba te . Tt nuthdained that 
not only should efficiency 
savings and financing costs be 
weighed bat there should be n 
value attached to foe risk 
involved inthe project. 

if the private sector was 
prepared to relieve tbe tax- 
payer of.the c om mercial risk, 
that should be added to the 

Bat for a Government which 
would like to cut taxes, any- 
thing that cau be clawed ont of 
. public spending totals without 
the risk of redacmg services is 
too rare to let go. 

Similar issBes arise m the 
case of energy conservation. 
The Government has been 
much criticized by the Energy 
Select Committee and others 
for not allowing schools, hos- 
pitals and other poMic build- 
ings with inefficient beating 

anyone with 

£10 AO 00 to invest. 

private sector contract energy 

Although neither the poten- 
tial efficiency gains nor the 
risk premium are easy to 
calculate, it was agreed that, in 
the case of the proposed 
Dartferd bridge, the balance of 

foe Treasury’s Ryrie rides, 
drawn op by a former Trea- 
sury second permanent sec- 
retary, Sir Wflltem Ryrie, in 

These rules are designed to 
frustrate the efforts of depart- 
ments to get more room within 
their programmes by re- 
dassifyiiig what is really pub- 
lic sector financing as private 
sector. Essentially they say 

The concept of valving the 

risk 1 was .-adopted not least' 

because it helps to underpin 
tbe whole . privatization pro- 

- AlflMmgbefiGaeaeyinayiBi- 
preve after privatisation the 
gains may not be big initially. 
The concept of risk transfer is 
helpful in lending extra sup- 
port to the privatization 

Government guarantee >a£- 
tached to private finance, it is- 
no different from public 

. In case* where foe finance 
really is at arm’s length, «dnce 
foe Government can invars 

Although foe Treasury has 
conceded an important prin- 
ciple in relation, to the Ryrie 
rules, it has conceded nothing 
oil the question of whether a 
public spending programme 
should be reduced pro rata 
when a project is privatized. 

than the private sector, private 

where mere is a gate to 
effimeacy i»y going private 
which more than compensates 
for the lusher cost to the 

For departments there » a 
dear attraction in privatizing 
infr as tructure projects if they 
can use foe space created 
within an mtritanged total to 
spend more on other -items. 

In retain for payments equal 
to — ora bit tower than — their 
existing energy bill the com- 
pany wul pay for and install 
efficient faeutiBg which it then 
hands over to tbe public sector 
at foe eud of foe contract 

The public authority tints 
gets its heating equipment 
renewed and much lower bills 
at tbe end of the contract 
period -* meanwhile paying 
no more than at present. 

Safer these contracts have 
not been permitted because it 
is argsed that foe pnhtic sector 
can make the necessary invest- 
ment mdre cheaply. Bat local 
authorities and the National 
Health Service find it difficult 
to find money for foe invest- 
ment from within their present 
. budgets. So they have to go on 
paying high energy bills. 

No wonder foe select 
committee was puzzled. But 
progress on privatizing the 
infrastructure could well dear 
away foe obstacles to privatiz- 
ing energy conservation 

A policy which redness pab- 
licspendiag at a time when all 
the pressures are In foe other 
direction and introduces mar- 
ket disciplines where there 
was none before has great 
attractions. We have not beard 
foe last of this new aspect. of 
the privatization programme. 

Many eyebrow^?8p^ will be 
raised in surprise at a merchant 
bank suggesting itself as a suitable 
manager for the private investor. 

Stockbrokers, insurance 
brokers or your bank manager are 
the candidates who usually spring 
to mind. 

After all, you probably think 
merchant bankers are only interested 
in raising capital for large corpor- 
ations and the like. 

To compound the problem, you 
may also think that the Square Mile 
is full of aloof and impersonal 
stuffed shirts. 

As far as Singer and Friedlander 
is concerned this is pure fiction. 

Tbe facts are that if you have 

Rodney Lord 

. Economics Editor 

professional skills in investment 
management together with a 
jpp refreshing combination 
pr of friendliness and continuity 
Strange, we admit, but true. 

Wth us you will be assigned 
your own senior investment manager 
who, with the support of his team, 
will manage your investments 
and advise you on a continuous basis. 

They have our worldwide 
financial knowledge to draw on as 
well as our 80 year s of experience. 

In a world where investment 
managers are merging with stock- 
brokers and share dealers, Singer 
and Friedlander remains reassuringly 
the same. 

If you have sums in excess of 
£100,000 to invest, and would like 
to know more about us, telephone 
or write in confidence to either 
John Hodson or Michael Melluish 
(both are executive directors). 

We will then, if you so wish, 
either arrange to meet you or send 
you our booklets. 

Singer & Friedlander. 

£100,000, or more, to invest we offer Ul"0Z3 •3UUU. 


Avoid the 

The City is one of Britain's success stories. Now, a 
new spirit of competition has emerged following 
Big Bang, which allows foreign institutions to compete 
in Britain's financial markets for the first time. This we 
believe will expand the whole market for financial 
services in the UK. Already, banks, property developers* 
computer firms and other financial service companies 
are enjoying a significant increase in the demand for 
their services. 


No-one is better placed than County to select the 
winners in the new environment. We are part of the 
NafWesf Investment Bank; one of the most powerful 
new financial organisations to be formed under the 
new rules. Our fund manager therefore has an ideal 
position from which to evaluate the changes affecting 
the whole range of companies in the financial sector. 

The County Financial Trust already has an impressive 
record of success. £10,000 invested five years ago 
would now be worth £34,750! And we believe that 
there are now exciting new investment ^ purdiase 


The trust aims to achieve long term 
capital growth by investing in an 
international spread of financial shares. 

.*AIJ prices cakuhted on an offer 
;m puniGS to bd price basts to 4J1£6 with 

Hand for income reinvested. Source: IDC/OFftL 

Remember that the price of units and the income 
from them can go down as well as up. 

But as Big Bang is likely to have quite an effect on the 
select the financial sector, we advise you to invest now in a port- 
t of the folio of companies that will benefit over time from the 
powerful many opportunities that are now appearing. 

stnital nOWTO^VECT 

> affecting Either phone the direct dealing line on any business 
3 I sector. day *° P urc ^ ase units at the prevailing price. 

impressive 01-726 1999 

ago or complete the coupon and send it to us with your 

ievethat cheque. 

The purchase price on 4.11.86 was 177.8p per unit and the estimated gross yield was 2.3%. 

County Unit Trysts 


THist Managers Ltd, 161 C h aap sld e, London EC2V 6EU. 

WUTLi\HL II VlVVim IWIM _ Wife wish to invest £ (minimum investment £500) in the Financial 

Contract notes will be raued within 7 days: certificates within I IHlSt at the offer price ruling on the day of receipt of my cheque, mode payable to 0>unty Unit Eust 
42 days. The pnoes and yield are published daily in leading 1 Managers limited. ' 

national newspapers, tbu can sell units bade to the Managers 
on any business day at the Bid Price ruling on receipt of 
your instructions. An initial charge of 5% is induded in the 
Offer Price of units. Remuneration is paid to qualified 
intermediaries-iates available on request. The annual 
charge is %% per annum (+WT) of the Trust value which is 
deducted from the 'Rust's gross incoma The income distribution 
will be made on 5th March and 5th September to unitholders 
registered by the 5th January and 5th July 1987 respectively 
Trustee; Royal Exchange Assurance. 

Managers: County Unit fcusf Managers Ltd. 

Registered Office: Garrard House, 

31 Gresham Street, London EC2V 7DX. 

Registered Number 907310. 

Member of the Unit Trust Association 

Or debit my ACCESS account Card No. ! 

Sumame(s); Mr/Mrs/Miss 

First names: (in full) 

Address: (in full) ; 

Date: Signature^): - — - — I arrc/Wfeare over 18. 

Please tick here for automatic reinvestment of income d 

Please tick here fer details of the County Share Exchange SchemeCl UNHSA/eD - 

tVThe NatWest Investment Bank Group 

94.10 5*04 9*07 1050 

9335 8338 SSSZ 294 

9336 93-80 33J55 . 160 

PmfouB daVstoMopen Manat 5460 

90-21 98-TO BW* 413* 

97-12 97-12 97-18 10 

9621 0 

- 9027 0 . 


HI-19 111-07 . .111-09 11565 

111-16 111-16 1TI-1S 4 - 

i •— — . 111-13 0 

.“ PrMous£^toMop^taBrast2730 
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Jerows, Hyman, Faktoa BoaMrWUteV^mdhM.floiOhMSnaMl, London Sack. 
W. Brant 3.Birtar. St Mothawa T wHawak. 

Pot W. Wcbardaon, BUMS, iMocfc, Zt Ha* P0 * PbcIl 
P ot 6CH: Kennedy Brooke* EqJty* General. Lane*. Peak. 





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Mam & Compwy. 


fewperaSw Baft — : — 

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-rug ttmps THT TRSDA V NOVEMBER 6 1 986. 


— ® M— 

From your portfolio card check your 
eigjbi share price movements. Add them 

... ia ntuA imu uniif ntmll IamI rh.irl- 

E b&hed oq this page. If it matches you 
vc woo outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
I back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Shares hold small gains 


tnkan at 5pm. Yield, change and P/E are calculated on the nMOe price 
Where stocks have only one price quoted, these are middle pnees, tak ^ . 

— ■ i — _ - G«» I . cm 


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DO DM 472 505 -02 243 

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031-228 3*82 * 

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0242 521311 

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Adorh Centre. Hexagon Houaa, 25 Wasten 
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35 Fountain St Mana m a 
081-286 5535 

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Far Eaaton 1889 1819* -47 QUO 

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1219 1309 -04 493 

49.6 539 +0.1 395 

BB3J3 2889 -19 190 



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01 -wB 2B00 

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0277 23034 


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Do Aecum 424.7 *51 8 

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Ausamo Torn 28. i 
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Em Income Trust 483 
Far Eastern Truat 1399 
Ftxuq ktwraxt Fund 255 
M Fixed H Tit 253 
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Hong Kong Trust 342 
hernia Fund 779 

bmtmcB Ansndet £1888 ! 
Japan Trust 124.0 

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Spnaaf 5a TiuM 988 ■ 
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842 899 
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UK SpxM Sks 63.1 87.1 

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Japanese Tst 479 509 

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QuvHnt km Ed 4139 4389 .. 198 

Quadrant Raccrrery 2819 2757 .. 252 


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NCMRorUKCP 512 64.4* .. 194 

NaSnSerAus 83* 879 .. 191 

HC American Inc 282B 30U -Ol 1.18 

Do Accun 3089 3289 -Ol 1.18 

NC Smaear Ooe Ml * 1504 *Oi 195 

NC smtr Eumo cot 191.1 2032 -09 036 

NC Exert** 00 R150 12UM .. 821 


S3 Kira man SM. London EC* MS 

ZAO 2320* - - 192 

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HhhYMU^ 1749 1779C .. 898 

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MSB hmst 1119 1129 -291398 

Sr Emin 2250 2293 +79 096 

New Hal Place. Uearpoel LEB 3HS 
051-227 4422 

EoeAr Duel 819 849* -02290 

M Dust 756 789 -05 UTS 

m Tnm 25.1 sm *ai 871 

US Dust 34.1 369 -- 167 

Paste Besh TW 429 452* -09 042 

20 Clftan SL London EC2 
01-929 0311 

Erxhy DM 1132 1199 -05 TJB 

Do Aepan isp.i 1884 -07 un 

X Income Dual 889 982* -Ol 449 

ACCOll 1049 HUM -Ol 448 

-30 293 
+79 005 

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01-588 5820 

htl Growth 82.1 973 -0.1 131 

American Growth 983 703 -02 098 

American he 733 779 -03 *29 

Ewopnen Growth 2369 2S1.7* -09 048 

Gold 8 Ntearaltl 489 49.7 *01 098 

JBpan Growth 147.9 1581 -07 . . 

RM Exchange, EC3P 30N 
01-688 9903 

GR8 Rxed hr 1119 1157 *04 190 

Growth EquBy 1982 2099C *03 207 

GuaiM 2763 2854 -0 3 290 

N American 1470 1559* -09 135 

Pecfflc 2379 2519* -3.7 OIB 

Property Share Z7T.1 2859 -4J 139 

Smaoar Campmes 2149 2267* -OS 1.71 

Ixeupaai Tnm 2714 2873 +13 093 



PO Box 442 S2 9l Merym-HK. London EC3P 
01-823 9333 

H*Bh income 490 639* -Ol 892 

N Amor Dim 1132 1204 +12 077 

Regtatros DpL Coflng^y-Sea. WortBkJg. W 
0444 459144 

Bwanced 181 7 1932* -07 3.18 

Do Aceun 3250 3459* -OB IM 

Energy mg 5X1 554 *02 X7D 

Do AKum 993 632 *03 270 

Extra heeme 1SB9 itot . . 513 

00 Aeoan 2857 307.1 c *02 513 

aonien Qdi he 733 779* -oi 03a 

Do Aceun 739 751* -Ol 030 

home 289.1 2Sfis» *04 *97 

DO Acam 5409 6751* *09 497 

Ml Tech 186.7 1958c -12 SJL34 

Do Accun 195.1 2073c -12 094 

Japan Growth 729 774 -2.1 @02 

Do Aoean 7X1 713 -20 am 

N Amor 8 Gan i852 1119 -Ol U» 

Do Aeoan 1139 1208 -Ol IDS 

Pnoflc Beam 1300 1382 -29 035 

DO Aceun 1357 1443 -2.1 036 

Smaller Cm 8 Hoc 1912 2039* -Ol 291 

Do Accuei 2159 2258* -Ol 291 

WUrldwiee Growth 2050 219.1 -1.1 079 

Da Accun 2955 3079 -19 079 

UK Growth Paid 452 513 -Ol 292 

Wktthde Pah. Emhr EX3 IDS 
0392 52155 

Gaaral Trust *11 *5.7* *0.1 579 

Ham Tnm 383 385 .. 830 

htenBflonMDiM 369 352 -02 070 

American 31* 35j -02 290 

Japan 419 *44 +13 090 

Dual Ol hv 304 32-2* -13 220 

Tlm^O^rt. Tower Mi EC3R 800 

Amar 8 Gan he 2393 2419 -09 134 

Do Aecum 2873 2829 -19 134 

973 719 -04 

W87 1l«l -12 
7X1 782 -Ol 

832 M* 

T1BL8 127.1* -1-3 

1079 1163 *93 

382 357* -ft* 

479 813 -03 

m* 1*12 -04 

179 812 -09 

279 2*3 -12 

^»-riC-. Sc. SMurgh 
tSH-223 1381 

AulMten Odd 284 301 *09 018 

Phc*C Me 209 223* -Ol 820 

Canarian Sal Ml S7.7 «13* -09 OB7 

Stole Mae RM gwu 197.1* *03 TM 

Do Acton 10*9 1119* -01 44B 

US Oowth sm ms -or 001 

Da Acton 809 6*2 -0.1 091 

Roytri Lendoa Houck Oofehaeir CCM IRA 
0206 578115 

A eiertcai On* 889 tut -09 093 
CRM Aceun 17*4 1989 -08 519 

GO ham 523 651* *0.1 83B 

High hcona 753 8X3 .. 494 

hexm • Growh 989 1027* -OX *38 

Japar Growth 639 8B3* -09 003 

Spedel Sb 1099 1179* -07 130 

25 Wte to n HO. fteatord W«1 3LB 

(Rcndonq 019820988 

Araer he 8 Growth 899 733* -02 792 
dptoi Untte 10*3 IIQfl -09 294 

ComnOdUy 545 579 -03 199 

EUupnm Growth 1174 DM9 *03 049 

FhencM Sea 984 1M9 -08 193 

Ceptoi urate io*s nm 

OonxaMUy 549 S7J 

Euupnm Growth 1174 DM9 

FhencM Sect 984 1049 

rtgn Hewn unte 13*3 1989 

H01 TOM Unto W3 175+ 

Income Unto 9320 9514 

h iae wiww Dual 909 9071 

Japan Growth B22 Sn o 

Japan Swrfar CCa «*l 1150 

MaswtoM 319 

Scdtbto 02JS 1404 

-09 294 
-03 199 
+03 048 
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*09 491 

1819 1754* +03 492 
9320 9514 +012 698 

909 907* -05 240 

KL2 98 0 -13 ODD 

imi 1189 .. tun, 

258 319 
1329 1404 
1605 1801 
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(( FOCI IS )1 



the word 

ever faster 

The Adgraphics conference in Gleneagles 
is reviewing the revolutionary techniques 
now available in printing and advertising 

mil recently, 

* it used to be said that if 
= Johann Gutenberg, the father 
' of European printing, could be 
' transported from the 15th 

century to a contemporary 
press plant, he would, after a 
good orientation, probably 
feel moderately at home. 

Today, he would feel utterly 
alien because printing is at the 
very heart of the information 

■ revolution, as he would learn 
, at Pira, the national technical 

- centre for paper and board. 
. priming and packaging. The 
'• centre is about to link itself by 
‘ computer terminals to what 
: will eventually be the world's 

biggest database of its kind. 

• This will occur when it 

■ turns its library into a com- 

• puter-Iinked information 
1 centre. Books will still be seen 

on shelves, but no longer in a 
prominent position. This may 

- seem odd for an industry of 

■ which primer's ink has been 
' -the metaphorical lifeblood, 

■ but it is a physical expression 
of the wide-ranging views of 
Pirn's managing director, 

* Brian Blunden. 

Though trained as a primer, 
he sees printing as evolving 
into a new kind of knowledge 

- industry based on the concept 
of “tradable information*’. 

He explains: “The demand 
for information is growing 

- enormously. Take wider share 
ownership. That will generate 

- a need for literature to be sent 
out to shareholders on a scale 
that was undreamt of 10 years 

x ago. Even the entertainment 

business generates a huge 
appetite for information- 
rased material from marinate 
to magazines.** 

He also points out that the 
spread of literacy among an 
ever-growing world popula- 
tion has an effect purely in 
terms of numbers. 

Although he believes that 
prim and paper — made vastly 
more efficient and cost-eff- 
ective by the use of new 
technology — will continue to 
be vitally important as a 
means of conveying informa- 
tion, be is also convinced that 
primers must become in- 
volved in the alternative me- 
dia created by electronics and 

This huge and 
process of change 

It is highly likely, for in- 
stance, that financial intelli- 
gence will be brought to 
shareholders through a home 
computer accessing a VDU 
rather than through a bulky 
document delivered by the 
postman. Printers will have to 
nod a way of playing a part in 
this process. 

“Our industry is in the 
middle of a huge and irrevers- 
ible process of change,” says 
Mr Biunden.*Tjke the Indus- 
trial Revolution, those who 
don't absorb it will be swept 
aside by it. It will inevitably 
make some skills redundant, 
but there is nothing new in 
that process in terms of the 
historical development of 
man and industry. 

“William Morris has a lot to 

answer for. He gave intellec- 
tual respectability to the no- 
tion that job satisfaction can 
be achieved only by the labori- 
ous manual intervention of 
the craftsman.” 

Mr Blunden sees promoting 
{Hide and interest in innova- 
tion as an important part of 

To a large extent this pro- 
cess is one of making mem- 
bers more aware of new 
techniques and materials and 
of their practical application. 
Pira runs a big programme of 
seminars and is also a consid- 
erable information-providing 
publisher in its own right 

Though the Japanese and 
the Germans are generally 
thought of as being in the 
forefront of creating inter- 
active systems quite a number 
are coming from this country. 
Quantel, for instance, has 
become a household name in 
the industry for its application 
of colour to computer-aided 
designed (CAD), and the Elec- 
tronic Colour Scanner devel- 
oped by Crosfieid, a 
subsidiary of De La Rue, is 
another of many UK systems 
which are regarded as setting a 
technological standard. 

One effect of the growth in 
the market has been a reduc- 
tion in the costs of much of the 
hardware and software. There 
are some who see the result of 
this — the growth in “desktop 
publishing” — as an un- 
welcome source of rivalry, but 
Mr Blunden does not share 
that view. 

He agrees, however, that it 
does pose questions about the 
future role of printers and that 
close attention will have to be 

given to planning and design- 
ing appropriate customer ser- 
vices. A case in point is the 
work now being done by some 
large companies in machine- 
aided translation and .voice 

Robotics, too . are an area of 
research involvement for Pira, 
as many printing finishing 
techniques aie expensive 
semi-skilled band operations, 
which ought eventually to 
lend themselves to 
automation. - 

It could lead to a re- 
evaluation of the: entire role of 
printers, certainly in areas 
such as book publishing. As 
editorial and production func- 
tions become more auto- 
mated. book publishers may 
find themselves under chal- 
lenge from the desktop bri- 
gade, but in the larger scale of 
operations Lhey may find they 
no longer have the technical or 
financial ability to keep up 
with change. 

That could lead to a sharper 
focus on marketing, leaving 
primers much more in what is 
at present the orthodox 
publishing role. A primary 
need will be to find ways of 
disseminating “tradable 
information” by a great vari- 
ety of means. 

Mr Blunden saysr“Rupert 
Murdoch and Robert Max- 
well, by their involvement 
across an enormous range of 
activities directly or indirectly 
related to the spread of 

information, have been quick- 
est of all to see the potential of 
this emeiging market” 

But although thinking about 
strategies for the future is an 
important part of Pira'sjob, a 
significant aspect of that is 
simply answering members' 
queries on the phone. Every 
one of Pira’s divisions — paper 
and board, printing and 
information technology, and 
packaging — has its own expert 

Consultancy on specific is- 
sues is another important and 
growing activity, either for 
individual companies or for 
groups of users. “That in itself 
may be a new dimension of 

‘narrow cast’ publishing,” Mr 
Blunden points out. “It's 
essentially a matter of produce 
ing information for small 

Belonging to Pira 
is not 

too expensive 

groups of users who are willing 
to band together to pay an 
appropriate price for it.” 

This runs side by side with a 
continuous programme of re- 
search and development, of 
the assessment of new equip- 
ment and processes and of 
assembling new standards for 

a global industry with a poten- 
tially bewildering variety of 
hardware and software. As 
typical examples. Mr Blunden 
cites the work Pira is doing on 
computerized colour match- 
ing and on the development of 
Standard Generalized Mark- 
up Language, which wilt pro- 
vide a uniform command 
structure for all documents. 

Considering the range of 
services Pira offers, it is 
remarkable that belonging to 
it is relatively inexpensive. 
The 1.000-sirong membership 
therefore includes some quite 
small businesses as well as the 
industry's giants. For in- 
stance. several of the high 

Paper chase: a 
reel of newsprint 
is transported 
automatically to 
the press room 
at News 
Wapping plant 
and, inset, the 
old way: flat-bed 
machines that 
became obsolete 
in the 1950s 

street print franchises are 

Pira maintains close links 
with the international scene 
and is the headquarters of the 
International Electronic 
Publishing Research Centre, 
but it exists primarily to serve 
the UK market and its cusr 
tomers. But as the boundaries 
of information have burst out 
of national borders, it must 
only be a matter of time before 
Pirn's scope becomes more 
overtly global. That after all, 
was the experience of Guten- 
berg, back in the 1 5th century. 

Godfrey Golzen 

Designs off the top of a desk 

Away from the newspaper 
industry there have been ma- 
jor technological develop- 
ments. Much of this Is based 
around the acceptance of 
desktop computers, which are 
mainly IBM PCs or Apple 

Macintoshes, used in many 
environments to bring power- 
ful computing resources to 
bear at an acceptable cost 
This is apparent in text 
composition within the con- 
ventional trade typesetting or 

magazine operations. The ma- 
jor development is “desktop 
publishing”, the use of such 
computers, usually allied to a 
small near typographic quality 
laser printer, used for interna! 
company publications. 

PEC Letterpress, Offset, Rexo 
BARENSCHEE Plate Lock-up 
Diapress Proofing Press 
T1NGUE Press Blankets 
TRH-Jackson Infra-Red Oners 
Complete Newspaper Plants 

Tel: 01-977 9286 1 

Telex 8954566 Facsimile No. 01-977 7220 
46-48 Church Road, Teddingtoa Middx.' Eng land TW11 8PB. 

OFPCd a S^Pbics 


3M technology 
You can depend upon it 

3M is a major graphic arts 
supplier selling quality products 
that meet the customers’ needs. 

You can be certain that in the 
unpredictable world of printing 
technology, 3M will continue to 
find workable solutions. They will 
meet tomorrow’s requirements for 
digital imaging, quality control and 
proofing systems, as well as 
pre-press and pressroom products. 

3M is a trademark 

Graphic Arts Group/3M 
3M United Kingdom PLC, 

3M House, PO Box 1, 
Bracknell, Berkshire RG12 1 JU 

It is now perfectly feasible 
for an advertisement, particu- 
larly in monochoome. to be 
taken most of the way from 
conception through to produc- 
tion within an ag&xy. 

The technology is available 
to produce dieot presentations 
economically ami, with the 
exception of frigh-qnaJity 
illustrations and flfce range of 
esoteric typeface:*, to take 
these through to dhe make-op 
for final output • 

During the p am five years 
there has been a quotation in 
the way the preparation of 
colour masters for*prfnting has 
been carried oot 

It is now possible to produce 
effects in minute*; that pre- 
viously would have* taken days. 
Such techniques, however, are 
totally unecooouric in the 
hands of a creatine person as 
constant throughput is the 
only way to make money. 

One is now seeing the 
possibility of linking low-cost 
desktop computers into such 
devices to create laycmts and to 
transfer visuals to til* produc- 
tion process. 

Some agencies are now hav- 
ing colour TV monito rs linked 
by telephone lines to their 
production companies to per- 
mit them to approve work 
being carried oot on the colour 
systems, enabling decisions to 
be made rapidly. 

In terms of colour we are 
also seeing the potential for 
the use of video data in 
printing production. This will 
permit images to be taken 
directly from TV signals or 
high- resolution videotape. 

The potential here was for 
the desktop systems to he used 
within the agencies transfer- 
ring data to the printer, typog- 
rapher or newspaper to 
produce the finished artwork. 

Electronics are taking a 
stronger role in enabling print- 
ing presses to be run at much 
higher speeds and enabling 
the set-up or make-ready time 
to be reduced subs ta n tial ly. 
Laser printing is a technology 
likely to pose a challenge to 
the presses in the future. 

We are already seeing the 
potential of high-speed falser, 
printers that can print near 
typographic quality output on 
both sides of A4 sheets at 
speeds of around two pages a 
second, widely used in aliens 
such as mail shots. 

But it is also used for short- 
run or on-demand documen ta- 
tion. particularly in the 
electronics and aerospace in- 
dustries and a recent operation 
has started to prodace short- 
run paperback books. 

There has been more change 
in the past 25 years through 
technology, than in the past 
200 years and the pace is is 
unlikely to slow up- 

Andrew Tribute 

Attributes Consultancy 

There'S a Great Deal More to Europe's 
Printer Than Y ou May Have Heard 

. i 


he Printrig Corporation offers 
& customers much more 
than an efficient, reliable print 
service. Within our 
nationwide organisation we 
possess and coordinate an 
unparalleled array of print 
and communkatiorrs related 


Our technical expertise is combined with 
fractional vakesstemrring from almosta 
century of prints® experience. Quality and 
service atacompettive price remain our 
primary objectives 

We’re proud to be sit the forefront of European 
printing. Our position is maintained by 
massive investment in equipment and 
research (£150 million plus over the last five 
years) to develop our capabilities further. 

Our exciting new range of print facilities 
include inkjet ('inside^xitside'Jand laser 
printing, flymg.imprintsand inline trimming 
and finishing. Versa tie on-press technKpies 

enable us to offer unusual products and 
sped* effects such as complex bids, 
regonabsed sections, remoetenabte glueing, 
numbering, perforating and perfume 

The Corporation can provide from within its 
own resources services as diverse as 
electronic publishing and the production and 
application of holograms. 

We offer a total magazine and book publishing 
package mcludmg market evaluation, creative 
and design, advertising sales and production 
management And of course printing and 

To support our print innovations we have the 
most advanced prepress technology 
available: videographics, electronit paintbox 
and page make-up. computerised typesetting 
with digital integration of mono graphics, 
bsergravure and computerised gravure 
cylinder engraving. Many of these laaftues are 
electronically linked, giving valuable savings in 
time and intermediate production costs. 

From packaging to promotional literature, 
from books to brochures every aspect of our 
expertise can be utilised. 

The Printing Corporation welcomes customer 
involvement H we're brought in at an early 
stage ofa project we can become part rf the 
creative process. In this way, you can make 
cost-effective use of our new technology 
turning a special product into something very 

The near future will see even more advances 
m printing techniques. The Printing 
Corporation continues to chart the 
boundanes of the possible. 

We invite you to discover there's a great deal 
more to printing with us. Ring John Ashfield or 
Stewart Fraser today on 01-822 2345. 

BPCC Printing Corporation flc 
PO Box 283 . 33 Holborn 
London EC1N2NE 
Tetoc 888804 Fax:01-3533398 

T he Printing Corporation 





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Twenty million newspaper copies each day, or 85% of the 
UKs total newspaper circulation, are printed on Rockwell 

This shows the success of Rockwell Graphic Systems' 
technology, our commitment to the industry, and the 
industry's confidence in us. 

But this success and confidence is not due just to our 
present achievements, but also our developments in helping 
newspapers evolve to the changing demands of readers 
and advertisers. 

Colour in a newspaper in particular demands new printing 
technology which Rockwell has developed and 
demonstrated in its entire product range throughout 

This is why we remain the leading newspaper press supplier 
in the UK and throughout the world. 

Rockwell Graphic Systems Limited, Central House, 

Lampion Road, Hounslow, Middlesex TW3 1HA, United Kingdom. 
Tel: (01)5772800 Telex: 25463 Telefax: (01) 577 2257 

Rockwell International 

. .where science gets down to business 

General Industries/A-B Industrial Automation 

$ ur 




How the other Big Bang 
rocked the print world 

,s V *•'. 

• V 


■ " ^ 

Hands-on experience: Tra ining on the Hell Chrontaoom system at Data Colour, 

Fit for tomorrow’s words 


non misconception of the 
printing sector as a “hack- 
vard-looking, craft-based in- 
dustry, bedevilled by labour 
stations problems” is under- 
standable considering the ag- 
onized metamorphosis 
affecting national newspapers 
and the immediacy of its 
\ extensive media coverage. 

In reality, the newspapers 
occupy a unique position: the 
workforce is but 10 per cent of 
the industry’s totaL The 
remainder constitutes a sector 
which is in the top 10 UK 
manufacturing industries in 
terms of output, with a 
: workforce approaching 
200.000 people, and a 
contribution of about £3 bfl- 
lion to the national economy. 

•_ There can be no doubt that 
the biggest single impact on 
< - the so-called '’general'' print- 
; ing industry — defined as all 
: -;r printed matter except news- 
. papers — has been that of new 
. technology. Both the pace and 
' magnitude of change have 
b been unprecedented during 
the past 10 or 15 years and 
show no sign of slackening. 

In this respect, printing is in 
the same league as computing 
- and electronic engineering. It 
is precisely these hi-tech in- 
dustries which have generated 
the change, particularly in the 
pre-press area. 

The threat of change, which 
many UK printers have 
turned into opportunity, has 
not been easy to cope with. 
This, combined with the pres- 
sures of increasingly intense 
“competition in international 
markets, has concentrated 
minds on ways of reducing 
unit costs, improving 
productivity and increasing 

And. although there have 
been some difficulties in the 
transition from the old to the 
new — from hot metal to 
computer-assisted photo- 
typesetting and from letter- 
press to litho printing, to give 
but two examples — the 

changes have come about with 
a remarkable degree of co- 
operation from the printing 
trade unions, the NGA and 
Sogat '82. 

Of course, there can be no 
substitute for standards of 
excellence if the UK printing 
industry is to expand into new 
markets in the 1990$ and 
regain those lost to our most 
successful competitors in 
West Germany, Japan and the 
United Stales. 

The British Printing In- 
dustries Federation, the trade 
association which represents 
two-thirds of aU companies in 
the general printing sector 
(nearly 3,000 companies), has 
a vital role to play in the future 
economic success of our 

Through its Industry Train- 
ing Organization, which suc- 
ceeded the statutory Industrial 
Training Boards in 1982, the 
BP)F has played a leading pan 
in initiating new schemes of 
skills training «n<f manage- 

improving the professional- 
ism of management 
Many companies, both 
large and small, have em- 
barked on far-reaching pro- 
grammes of management and 
supervisory development, 
linking with colleges of print- 
ing education, polytechnics, 
independent management 
training centres and die print- 
ing industry’s research 
establishment (Pira). 

About 2,000 managers have 
benefited from the BPIFs 
own extensive courses pro- 
gramme, including many 
young managers from the 
YMP organization, which the 
federation sponsors. They 
have taken to heart the mes- 
sage embodied in the recent 
White Paper, Education and 
Training — Working To- 
gether, that “the same ma- 
chines and equipment are 
available to alL 
Success will go to those 
firms whose people can use 
them to the best advantage. 

There has been a quantum leap into a 
new area of training efficiency 

mem development 
. The pace of change has also 
been dramatic, reflecting, of 
course, the fundamental dif- 
ferences between the printing 
industry ofthe past and that of 
the present 

It is no coincidence that the 
rapidity of technological 
chang e has been matched by 
the quantum leap of progress 
into a new era of training 

The “management of 
change” is a real problem 
which has had to be addressed 
effectively. New technology of 
itself is of little avail; it is a 
means to an end and that end 
is company profitability and 
the economic well-being ofthe 
printing industry and the UK 
economy. ■ 

The ability of management 
to exploit the advantages of 
greater efficiency brought 
about by new technology is the 
keynote, and this has been 
facilitated by the BPIFs own 
initiative, associated with the 
professional body, the In- 
stitute of Printing, aimed at 

And that requites initiative, 
innovation and competence 
across the whole spectrum of 

Production skills training in 
the general printing sector has. 
like hew technology — and 
because of it — made gigantic 
strides. Adapting to change 
necessitates infinite adaptabil- 
ity. Only flexible and respon- 
sive new systems permit this. 

The rigidities of traditional 
systems with their “time- 
serving” apprenticeship of 
fixed-term, long duration 
suited the printing industry 
well in the relatively static 
environment of pre-1970 in- 
dustry. But they restricted 
recruitment to young school 
leavers; few adults were in- 
terested in a four-year 
apprenticeship and, in any 
case, they were forbidden 
entry on grounds of age. 

The training arrangements, 
common in most craft-based 
UK industries, made no men- 
tion of standards or the 
achievement of competence. 
Serving time was the criterion 


The standard setter for 
type and images. 

The dd name 
leads die new game. 


Gleneagtes 6th-8th November 1986 

of success. All madejthe grade, 
but nobody checked, and 
much time and effort were 

The new skills i training 
arrangements, achieved 
through free collective 
bargaining between ijie BPJF, 
NGA and Sogat, and regulated 
by Joint Training Councils 
established in 1983 and 1985 
respectively, have revolu- 
tionized the system. . 

Recognized by government 
and the Manpower .Services 
Commission as the best of 
their kind, the national prim- 
ing industry training agree- 
ments mean that certain 
standards have to be achieved. 

Every trainee, school-leaver 
or adult, has a log-book 
recording progress. Young 
school-leavers have Jp attend 
a printing education college 
on a day or Hock-release basts. 
Training is completed when 
the national standards of com- 
petence have been achieved 
for any given occupation. And 
adults have the opportunity to 
retrain throughout their work- 
ing life as jobs and technology 

From this year, these 
arrangements are being sup- 
ported by £2 million of MSC 
fending under the. Youth 
Training Scheme. j 

The new system, directly in 
tine with government and 
MSC training policy, was one 
ofthe first of its kind in UK 
industry. It has since proved 
to be the envy of our Overseas 
competitors, and gratifying 
indeed to know that ;in this 
area the UK printing industry 
has a distinct competitive ege. 

But competitiveness, by 
definition, means that we 
have to work hard to stay 
ahead of the field. There is still 
much to be done to consoli- 
date existing gains and make 
further progress. 

The federation's campaign 
to attract the £5 million 
needed to bring printing col- 
leges up to date with the new 
technology and establish cen- 
tres or excellence will 

Tony Keeble 

Director of education and 
training, BP/F 

hen Rupert 
Murdoch moved News Inter- 
national to Wapping. east 
Loudon, and Today was 
launched, they highlighted the 
revolution taking place in 
newspaper production. 

The technology has been 
available for some time but 
only in the past three years 
have techniques really 
changed in the UK. The next 
decade will show refinements 
rather than radical departures. 

Before be launched Today ; 
Eddy Shah promised not only 
to change the face of British 
journalism but to revolu- 
tionize {Hint advertising. 

In the euphoria of the pre- 
launch days, the agencies and 
their clients were led to be- 
lieve that everything was pos- 
sible — short lead times and 
total instant colour wife fee 
quality of Vogue, but at rock- 
bottom prices. 

It did not happen, but Mr 
Shah started the ball rolling. 
He made agencies and 
advertisers alike aware of fee 
changps there could be. He 
raised expectations and during 
fee next few years they will 
become reality. 

There were technological 
problems on Today and one of 
fee greatest disappointments 
was fee quality of the colour 
production. This might have 
been avoided had agencies 
known more about the tech- 
nical realities. 

“Part of the problem," said 
Cliff Bailey, director of cre- 
ative services for Saatchi & 

New processes 
give better quality 

Saatchi Compton Ltd, and 
chairman of Adgraphics 86 
organizing committee, “is that 
agencies expected to lake ads 
off the shelf. They expected to 
use an advertisement designed 
for a colour magazine in a 
daily newspaper. 

“We have reached fee maxi- 
mum potential more or less in 
colour standard reproduction. 
It is good quality but you have 
to accept the limitations of 
colour on newsprint” 

Mr Bailey sees little likeli- 
hood feat technology will 
improve colour reproduction. 
Improvement will be made 
only by fee designer paying 
more attention to the paper 
and its absorption and reflec- 
tive qualities. 

The creative directors will 
have to develop different uses 
of colour in advertisements 
for different kinds of news- 
papers and magazines. It will 
reflect fee availability of in- 
creased access to segmented 

The new processes will also 
provide better quality black 
and white during fee next few 

Another advantage of fee 
new technology which will 
allow speedier, less costly 

reproduction Mill be fee abil- 
ity to store fee master copy of 
artwork on disc. This can then 
be used to transmit duplicates 
out to various printers. 

At present original copy has 
to be sent out to every 
destination. There will be new 
developments within the 
advertising agencies them- 
selves. They will increasingly 
use internal computer systems 
feat will permit fee design and 
transmission of advertise- 
ments to the page without the 
need to translate them first on 
to paper. 

Saatchi & Saatchi Compton 
creates advertisements for Silk 
Cut in London, which are then 
spun out worldwide — giving 
the agencies more control over 
companies and avoiding 
quirky local interpretations of 

fee Doily Mail have required 
three weeks’ notice before the 
production of a full colour 
advertisement; Today can 
take copy on a Monday and 
deliver the goods on 

Rodney Harris welcomes 
fee development but remains 
a little sceptical about fee 
importance of “instant" col- 
our to advertisers. 

Nevertheless, colour will be 
increasingly available and it 
will be cheaper. Today now 
prints 16 out of 48 pages in 
colour. At £7,000 for a fuB 
colour page in a premium 
position, despite its lower 
circulation, in proportion to 
fee circulation of its rivals, it 
is far cheaper. 

Even though commercial 
television has taken so much 

Satiy Soames/Duncan 8ax»r 

Hie men who started a revolution: Top, Rupert Murdoch at 
News International, and Eddy Shah at Today 

a particular advertisement. 

Separated film and trans- 
parencies can be sent out of 
fee finished advertisement 
The film can be despatched by 
courier or direct by satellite. 

Saatchi & Saatchi already 
does this to its New York 
office and finds feat by using 
satellite transmission, taking 
20 minutes, it can avoid 
delays, minimize human error 
and sa ve money as welL 
Transmission of material 

of fee Press's share of the 
advertising material since its 
inception in 1955, fee quality 
papers in particular have re- 
tained their share of advertis- 
ing spending. 

Paul Bottomley, advertising 
manager for the European 
region of Rowntree Mack- 
intosh. said: “The future of 
print is not in question.’’ 

But fee use of colour in fee 
daily Press could further re- 
duce the women’s weekly 

fragmentation of the media, 
going in for increased brand 


The new technology allows 
for short print runs and the 
facility to produce different 
advertisements selected for 
every smaller target audience. 

The past two years have 
seen an increased willingness 
bv publishers to try out new 
ideas “The publishers are 
enthusiastic. They are sales- 
men. By contrast, the TV 
people are order takers,” said 
Mr Harris. 

Many of fee new ideas that 
publishers are keen to pro- 
mote are to a large extent 
gimmicky. Although they are 
not important in totality, they 
are useful in attracting the 
reader's attention. There will 
be a growth in stick-on inserts, 
such as the invitation to fly, 
Concorde created by Saatchi 
& Saatchi Compton for British 

The technique is not new, 
but today it can be done 
cheaply, efficiently and on 

“The biggest step forward," 
said Mr Harris, “is to do wife 
people. We will need and will 
have to see far closer liaison 
between media buyers, fee 
production people in fee agen- 
cies, fee media salespeople 
and fee printers." 

The need for and likelihood 
of this closer liaison is re- 
iterated by Mr Bailey. “We 
can push fee technology as far 
as you want — the technology 
is there, but the creative 
directors must push fee 
operators," he said. 

The agencies* creative 
teams must learn what fee 
new technologies can do and 
work with the process. 
According to David 

Craftsmen still do 
|f| the fine tuning 

Bottomley, feat goes for fee 
clients too. “We need to be 
fully aware of fee potential in 
print and need more 
feedback," be said. 

Training in the develop- 
ments of technology has al- 
ready started in the art schools 
and fee new generation of 
creative and agency staff 
should be able to make fee 
most of what the new pro- 
cesses have to offer. But there 
is also a need for better 
training for fee operators of 
the new electronic wizardry. 

will see new developments in magazine share of advertising 
which British Telecom is mak- revenue, although it is un- 
ing substantial investment, likely to affect fee fortunes of 
and. said Mr Bailey: “This will fee upmarket monthlies, 
be an area of major change." What fee new printing pro- 
The speed of coramuaica- cesses have meant, said Mr 
tion will allow advertisers to Harris, is the proliferation of 
be more flexible and respon- new and different papers and 
sive to news events. magazines catering for special- 

■ The electronic generation of ist audiences. "We are now 
images means that whereas working and will increasingly 
traditionally papers such as be able to work wife 

Once the developments in 
electronics have taken place, it 
is the craftsmen who still do 
fee fine tuning. Machine 
perception is not as good as 
fee human eye. Machines 
cannot anticipate what fee an 
director wants, but the op- 
erator can. 

The next decade is unlikely 
to bring radical changes, but 
the new technology should 
offer the advertising agencies 
fee opportunity of bringing 
livelier, more colourful, more 
topical and more specialist 
advertising, more cheaply to 
the consumer. 

Corinne Julius 

Made in 


With a G1 2 there is no such thing as compromise. 
Baker Perkins saw the need fora flexible full size 
web press for economic colour printing on short to 
intermediate nms. The answer was the 6 12. 

Fast make ready, minimum waste features. 

Rapid product changeover, maximises productivity and 

High degree of automation and remote control . 

Profitable on shorter runs -high in productivity. 

The 612 gives quality colour printing at up to 35,000 iph, and 
is available in three cutoffs. 

Distributed Control System - on board microprocessors in 
each press module. 

Three colour VDUs with selectable menus. 
fibre optic communication ring. 

The 612 has the productivity of a 1 6-page press, the flexibility 
of a sheet fed press at a price attractive to the eight-page press 

Baker Perkins PMC 

Sold in 

a This year it took just two 
weeks at a Diisseldorf print 
show for 141 UK graphic arts 
manufacturers to sell over 
, £100 million worth of equipment 

[ to printers from Japan to 
• Paraguay. 

Last year was also quite good. 
Without wishing to appear too 
modest the'British Graphic Arts 
manufacturing industry achieved a 
seventeen per cent increase in 
outputover its 1984 
111 # performance. 

LJL y Compare that to a rise 
— %JF— in output of three per 
cent by manufacturing in 
general and you will understand 
’ why we blush. 


F All that industry takes 
technology, technique and talent. 

To find out who does it, how 
and where, contact: 


British Federation of Printing Machinery and Supplies Ltd 

Plough Place Fetter Lane London EC4A 1AL Telephone Q 1-583 7433 

t. ex- 
d rose 
vfe in 
£ an 
Turn- 1 
if the I 
■ora 7 
I and ( 
i!um. I 
Jes is! 
*here I 
mil - 1 


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c FOCUS )) 




Colours at your fingertips 

arely has an industry 
suffered by association with another as 
much as "the commercial printing in- 
dustry has. simply by its use of the same 
basic technology as Fleet Street. 

Printing has become largely synony- 
mous with newspapers because of their 
impact and immediacy, yet the commer- 
cial side is vast by comparison, and 
highly diverse in its products. 

It also makes machinery-purchasing 
derisions based on commercial and 
marketing factors, rather than on consid- 
erations affected by politics and indus- 
trial. relations. 

When such equipment is seen to be 
successful and effective, others follow. 
Generally the unions are constructive in 
their approach to such changes, and the 
British commercial printing industry 
certainly does not lag behind other 
countries in its adoption of new 

This is no recent phenomenon; when 
in 1970 the major European trade 
magazines undertook a survey of photo- 
composing machines — the latest tech- 
nology of the time - there were almost 
twice as many in the UK as in any other 
European country. 

The commercial printing industry 
encompasses the production of books, 
magazines, business forms, labels, post- 
ers. cartons, tin cans, flexible packaging, 
stationery, advertising literature and a 
variety of miscellaneous products for 
industry, commerce and personal use. In 
recent years, the equipment to produce 
these different products has become 
highly specialized. Printing presses for 
producing books are nothing like those 
for printing roll labels or those for 
business forms. 

Whatever the printing process used or 
item of print produced, however, the 
technical changes have been immense. 
The desktop publishing systems now 
being advertized for general commercial 
use are cheap versions of the more 
complex and specialized products which 
have been used by the printing industry 
for some time. 

Often these incorporate sophisticated 
software, whether this be for the produc- 
tion of complicated mathematical or 
chemical formulae, books with many 
foot-and-side-notes with a multitude of 
cross references and indexing, or a parts 
manual with exploded diagrams and 
photographs. All such jobs can now be 
created electronically from information 
already held in computers dr sent down a 
telephone wire or by satellite, and by 
digital scanning of illustrations. 

Typefaces are no longer created in 
metal or even by shining light through a 
negative of the character required and 
capturing the image on photographic 
film or paper. 

The typesetter of today is digital — that 

is, the information about the shape of a 
letter is held as a series of electronic 
signals in a computer. The output may 
be in the form of a low-resolution (300 
dots per incb) laser printer commonly 
seen in today's office, or a high- 
resolution (2,000 dots per inch upwards) 
photosetter producing complete pages of 
text with Illustrations. 

The low-resolution version may of 
course be employed by a printer or 
typesetter for proofing purposes, and 
sent to the customer by the increasingly 
used facsimile transmitter. 

Similarly, complete colour pages can 
be created on a television screen which 
accurately portrays the illustrations as 
they will be printed. Colour transpar- 
encies or photographs can be scanned 
electronically, converting the signals into 
components reflecting the desired 
strengths of the four printing ink colours 
of yellow, cyan, magenta and black. 

Much modern colour-magazine 
advertising relies on the feet that such 
systems are capable of electronic merg- 
ing of different pictures, as evidenced by 
cars floating in mid-air or feet with 10 

Colours of scenes or individual objects 

data processing and associated electronic 
equipment falls. 

Where machine minders used to 
adjust the flow of ink on to a particular 
area of foe sheet or web of paper by 
manually turning a key, they now set up 
the machine electronically by scanning 
the printing image 6n the plate, and 
make running adjustments^ to colour 
remotely. “Register’', or exact- Relative 
positioning ofthe four printing-ink 
colours, is now achieved electronically 
on web presses by foe reading of signals 
on the edge of the paper web. 

‘ In the finishing department, too, 
operations such as paper cutting, folding 
and binding are electronically assisted. 
One example is in the guillotine; where 
previously an operator used to reposition 
the block of paper between foe individ- 
ually-made cuts, be now programmes 
into the machine's computer all the 
operations connected with a job. The 
machine then .repositions foe paper 
between the automatic cuts, producing 
finished labels or similar products, 
possibly for automatic wrapping. - 

I havementioped that foe vast variety 
of products call for specialized equip- 

"■e * • r, “ • .* ■ - • « 


TW pi artist at work on a DN300 with an Apollo disc drive 

in them can be changed at random — a 
red hat can become a green one to reflect 
a concept or house style. Pictures can 
also be created electronically on the 
television screen by painting with 
‘'brushes" of different colours and 

When the desired picture has been 
created on the screen, it can be 
transmitted over a telephone line to the 
advertising agency or client who, using a 
similar screen, can himself make changes 
to the colours or composition. 

The company doing black-and-white 
typesetting or colour separation and page 
make-up will often have only a few 
employees, yet wifl have equipment 
costing hundreds of thousands of 
pounds. Such fragmenting into small 
specialized units is common in the trade 
today, permitting large-volume usage of 
such expensive electronic equipment 

The alternative, of using more people 
and manual methods, is becoming 
increasingly 'unattractive as the cost of 

ment and techniques, many of which 
have changed dramatically in recent 

One example is the production of 
cartons, where computer-aided design 
equipment is used to lay out complex 
carton shapes to maximum advantage 
on a sheet of board After printing, and 
before folding and gluing into a rec- 
ognizable carton, the sheet has to be “cat 
and creased”, that is, cut through to 
remove waste areas and creased 

Instead of manually cutting the 
wooden forme to take the lengths of steel 
knife which will cut the board the forme 
is now cut using a laser, operated 
according to the CAD information. . 

Often the products themselves have 
changed or are completely new. Cheques, 
credit cards, magnetic railway tickets, 
instant lottery tickets and complex 
mailers are just a few. 

- John Arnold 

Head of technical services of the British 
Printing Industries Federation 


Printers for Europe since 1959 

We have always maintained a programme of 
continuous investment, in the most advanced 
and sophisticated technology and equip- 
ment, and in people. 

We are working and investing today to 
guarantee our customers the highest level of 
quality and service for tomorrow. 

For further information and to discuss how we 
may assist you with your requirements, please 



Telephone: 01-460 6411 and 4902 Telex: COXXLT 25892 

ILTE Catalogues, brochures, magazines 

with the finest colour reproduction 

Law Report November 6 1986 

Library newspaper ban abuse of power 

W •*- *■, ... .V. nr^nno.'taueniHiJLtaliOn ai 

Regina v Ealing London Bor- 
ough Casual Ex parte Tones 
Newspapers Ltd and Others 
Regina v Ha— aw nth and 
Fulham London Borough. 
Council Ex parte Tones 
Newspapers Ltd and Others 
Regina v Camden London 
Borough Councfl, Ex parte 
Times Newspapers Ltd and 

Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Mr Justice Kennedy 
[Judgment November 5] 

Local authorities who decided 
to ban publications from public 
libraries for the duration of an 
industrial dispute between the 
publishers and thou* dismissed 
employees as a gesture of sup- 
port for the employees bad 
taken into account an irrelevant 
factor and abused their powers 
as library authorities under foe 
Public Libraries and Museums 
Act 1964. Their decision was 

accordingly unlawful. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court, in judicial re- 
view proceedings, quashed 
decisions by F-aK"g, Hammer- 
smith and Fulham, and Camden 
London Borough Councils be- 
tween May and September 
1986, to ban from public librar- 
ies within their areas news- 
papers and periodicals 
published by the first and 
second .applicants. Times News- 
papers Ltd and News Group 
Newspapers Ltd. - 

In each case foe third ap- 
plicants were News inter- 
national pic. the holding 
company of the first and second 
applicants. The fourth ap- 
plicants, Mrs Margaret Kerr. Mr 
Desmond Alan Clriton-Mogg 
and Mr Peter Alfred Slade, were 
each resident in the respective 
boroughs, regular nsers of the 
libraries and readers of The 
Times there. 

Section 7 ofthe Public Librar- 
ies and Museums Act 1964 
provides; “(1) It shall be the 
duty of every library authority 
to provide a comprehensive and 
efficient library service for all 
persons desiring to make use 
thereof; ... 

“(2) In fulfilling its duty under 
the preceding subsection, a li- 
brary authority shall in particu- 
lar have regard to the 
desirability — (a) of securing. . . 
that facilities are available for 
foe borrowing of, or reference 
to, books and other printed 
materials, sufficient in number, 
range and quality to meet the 
general requirements and any 
special requirements of both 
adults and children . . 

Mr Anthony Lester, QC and 
Mr David Pannick for foe 
applicants; Mr James Goodie, 
QC and Mr Alan Wilkie for the 

repr ese ntatives called upon lo- 
cal authorities to rake action 
against foe first three applicants, 

While conceding that foe 
councils were under a d uty to 
act only for a jwyper pnrpore 

or extraneous consideration and 
hr bier commented on foe 
irrefcMSK? of political consul* 


conndltas that foe pnmwork- 2t3%23 ffw? ” 

said that foe first applicants 
published and primed the na- 
tional newspapers. The Times 
and The Sunday Times, and the 
weekly periodicals. The Times 
Educational Supplement, The 
Times Higher Education 
Supplement and The Times 
Literary Supplement. 

The second applicants _pcb- _ C P UI 
fished and printed foe national ' ai5 ° 
newspapers. The Sun and News 
of the World. 

Ia January 1986 foe first and 
second applicants commenced 
to print their newspapers in new 
premises in Wapping and ceased 
to use for that purpose their 
premises in Grays Inn Road and 
Bouverie Street. 

That move brought about a 
strike of their employees who 
were members of the trade 
unions: Sogat *82, the National 
Graphical Association and foe 
Amalgamated Union of En- 
gineering Workers. 

Tbeir employers considered 
them to have thereby repudiated 
their contracts of employment 
and they were dismissed. A 
hitler industrial dispute ensued 
which to this day remained 
unresol ved. 

Tbe trade union leaders and 

with the views and activities of 
foe trade unions and their 
members m the dispute. 

The action taken by tire 
councils was to ban from their 
libraries all copies of the news-, 
papers and periodicals men- 
tioned. AH had previously been 
by the libraries; save 
that the News of the Wo rld ha d 
never been available at libraries 
in Camden. 

Over 30 Socialist controlled 
local authorities in England, 
Scotland and Wales had taken 
ofniiiw action, although some 
had since withdrawn the ban. 

Fi g ht applications for judi cial 
review by the applicants were 
outstanding. .■ 

The applicants maintained 
that each of the councils, by 
Hanning foe publications from, 
their libraries, had a bu sed foe 
powers given to them as library 
authorities under the Public 
Libraries and Museums A a 
1964 and were in breach of the 
duty in section 7(1) to provide a 
comprehensive and efficient li- 
brary service to all persons 
de a l ing to use thereof. 

It was submitted that in 
m aking the decisions com- 
plained of regard was had to 
improper and irrelevant consid- 
erations of a political or analo- 
gous nature and were wholly 
alien to what was permissible to 
contemplate in foe use of foe 
relevant power and foe proper 
discharge of foe statutory duty. 

The applicants accordingl y 
sought: declarations that foe 
decisions were ultra vires and 
void, certiorari to quash each 
decision and injunctions 
restraining foe councils from 
taking further steps to im- 
plement or enforce the de- 

The councils denied any 
abuse of power or breach of 
section 7(1) and submitted that 
the applicants' remedy by in foe 
use by the Minister for foe Arts 
of his power under section 10 of 
the Act to investigate any al- 
leged failure to cany out duties 
under the Act 

Before foe ban The Times was 
clearly regarded by tire councils 
as a major daily paper which 
ought to be in their libraries. 

There was no doubt that, 
when asked by the applicants to 
use his powers under section 10, 
the minister showed a dis- 
inclination to do so and might 
never have done so if the 
applications for judicial review 
had not been made. 

It was equally dear that the 
councils* reason for imposing 
the ban was solely that it could 
be used as a weapon in aid of the 
ritymrerei print workers in their 
actions in the industrial dispute 
to damage the other side, with 
the addiuonal reason in the case 
of Camden that some of those 
workers li ved in their borough. 

In the course of the hearing, 
counsel conceded as much and 
that the councils were 
acting in concert in imposing 
the ban. It was also beyond 
dispute foal foe ban was only for 
the duration of foe dispute; and 
that when foe dispute was over, 
foe banned publications would 
again be available to the public 
in the councils’ libraries. 

How could such a ban be 
consistent with the councils’ 
dominant duty under section 
7(1) and foe subordinate duty 
under section 7(2)? 

It was submitted for foe 
councils that foe reasons for the 
ban were not inconsistent with 
their statutory duty; and that 
within their discretion as to 
what to provide in libraries, they 
were entitled to have regard to 
the conduct of a publisher even 
though political affiliation 
played a significant part in the . 
view formed of that conduct and 
of foe publisher. 

ere had been dismissed in what 

was regarded as a shameful way. 

It was sub nutted that foe 
councils would be entitled to 
take into account foe foci that 

the author of a book was known 
to fhvour apartheid in S outh 
Afiio, or had made it known 
. that royalties from his ' book 
were to. be paid to the IRA. or 
was an enemy of foe stme, tn 
deciding whether such books 

should be in their libraries. 

It was said that a reason die- 
not become irrelevant merely by 
applying a political label to it 
local govenmenl was a political 
arena into which foe minister 

might enter, but the courts could 

not descesd- 

Havipg regard to dicta of Mr 
Josticc~roibes is R v Rushmoor 
Borough Council. Ex pane 
Crawford f The Tones Novem- 
ber 28, 198 1 ) and of Mr Justice 
GlideweU hr R v inner London 
Education Aiahonty. Ex parte 
Westminster City Council 
(11986] 1 WLR 28, 49). his 
Lordship accepted that foe court 
could not intervene in political 

But his Lordship disagreed 
with any suggestion that those 
cases lent support for foe view 
that a library decision might be 
lawful when it was taken on 
purely political grounds. 

A unary decision might be 
lawful within section 7{l)_if foe 
dominant purpose bringing it 
about was not unlawful, even 
though inspired to some extent 
by political motive. 

But in the present case there 
was but the one purpose. That 
purpose was set by a political 
attitude to a so-called workers' 
struggle against a tyrannical 
employer with foe object of 
punishing the employer. 

Was such a decision lawful, or 
an abuse of power? If it was foe 
fetter, it was conceded that 
judicial review should be avail- 
able to foe applicants. 

Counsel for foe applicants 
pointed out that the case was the 
first under foe Act He said that 

the case concerned what persons 
might read in public libraries 
and censorship of reading ma- 
terial by a library authority 
taking sides in mi industrial 
dispute and for no other reason. 

It was submitted that a 
constitutional issue was in- 
volved: freedom of ex p res sion 
:md foe rigtt to receive informa- 
tion and ideas without arbitrary 
interference. A library authority 
was the servant of the users and 
could not use its statutory power 
as a weapon in an industrial 

Counsel conceded that in 
extreme cases personal objec- 
tions to authors could be a valid 
library-related objection, but 
that the present case was a 
glaring example of abuse of 
power in which many local 
authorities were acting in con- 

The speeches in Wheeler v 
Leicester City Council (11985] 
AC 1054, 1078-1080) were 
instructive as to foe circum- 
stances in winch courts would 
interfere with decisions of local 

Thus it was argued foal the 
councils' conduct was dearly 
illegal irrational and unfair to 
members of the public. 

Counsel for foe applicants 
also relied on Padfidd v Min- 
ister of Agriculture, Fisheries 
and Food ((1968] AC 997), 
where it was held foal a court 
was entitled to interfere if a 
statutory discretion was used to 
frustrate the policy of foe 
conferring Acl 

Lord Upjohn said (at pl058) 
tfiat it would be unlawful behav- 
iour, inter alia, to take into 
account some wholly irrelevant 

present ease: “A pfenning 

authority are nor ai liberty to use 
focir powers lor an ulterior 

bon imposed b> foe 
councils was for an ulterior 
object. If was inspired by potm- 
calviews which moved them to 
use their statutory powers to 
interfere in an industrial dis- 

Parliament did not contem- 
plate such action to be within 
the power conferred by section 
7. and so rational local 
authority would have though! 
that such a ban was. open to it m 
discharge of its duty to service 

It had been clearly dem- 
onstrated that foe councils had 
taken into account an irrelevant 

It was also argued that the 
effect of foe ban was to render 
what . was probably a library 
service comphing with section 7 
into something which fell short 
of a comprehensive and efficient 

It .would not be right to say 

that the p ro v i s i on of such a 
service depended on keeping the 
publications in foe hbrancs, but 
before the ban each council had 
decided that foe service would 
not reach the required standard 
unless foe banned publications 
were part of it. 

There were powerful indica- 
tions that foe ban involved a 
breach of section 7. but the 
applicants did not have to 
a breach if their reli- 
ance on abuse of power was 
sufficient for relief 

Finally, reiving on R v Chid 
Constable qt Merseyside. Ex 
parte Colmey ((1986] l OB 
424), it was submitted for the 
councils that foe applicants 
should be denied relief because 
section !0 afforded them ade- 
quate protection by giving the 
Minister for the Arts extensive 
powers of intervention and 
there were no exceptional 

. : U was agreed .foot foe exis- 
tence of an alternative statutory 
remedy . did dak deprive foe 
court of jurisdiction, but it was 
material to the question whether 
foe comt should proceed to a 

It was absurd for the councils 
to pretend, as they had, that in 
imposing and maintaining the 
ham they had been within foe 
spirit or the fetter of the law. 
They had defiberatley flouted it 
when they knew that sensible 
and . responsible officials 
strongly advised them that they 
were proceeding to act unlaw- 

Camden's additional reason 
was a transparent piece of 
camouflage which did nothing 
to diminish the seriousness cl 
foe conduct. 

It deliberately set out to 
punish foe applicants. It had 
readily and easily available a 
weapon which it proceeded 
wilfully to use regardless of the 
library requirements of foe pub- 
lic which should have been but 
was not then its concern. 

It could not be other than to 
all sensible and right-minded 
people alarming to see such 
irresponsible behaviour by per- 
sons elected to serve their 
interests according to dearly 
stated law and in defiance of 
impeccably correct advice. 

There coukl hardly be a 
dearer manifestation of an 
abuse of power foe remedy for 
which it was for foe court and 
not the minister to provide. 

Mr Justice Kennedy agreed. 

Solicitors: Theodore God- 
dard; Mr N. U. Green. Ealing; 
Mr C. T. Mahoney, Hammer- 
smith and Mr F. Nickson. 

Title under another entry not protected 

A. J. Dunning & Sons 
(Shop&tters) Ltd v Sykes & 
Son (Poole) Ltd 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Roils, Lord Justice 
Dillon and Lord Justice Croom- 

(Judgment October 30] 

On a conveyance of registered 
land, an implied covenant of 
good title took effect subject to 
any other interest in foe land 
appearing or protected on the 
register under that title number, 
but not to any interest in land 
which was the subject matter of 
a different tide number. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
allowing an appeal by the pktin- 
tiffc, A. J. Dunning & Sons 
(Shopfi tiers) Ltd, from Mr Don- 
ald Ranee, QC sitting as a 
deputy judge of the Chancery 
Division who, on July 26, 1985, 
decided that the defendants, 
Sykes & Son (Poole) Ltd, had 
not been in br e a c h of an implied 
covenant of good title to land 
purportedly conveyed by them 
to foe plaiflti£& 

Mr Peter Rawson for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Nicholas Warren 
for the defendants. 


said that foe defendants were 
the registered proprietors of 
land with absolute title under 
title number P7608. They sold 
parts of foe land, each part sold 
being given a new title number. 

After one such sale, the land 
removed was incorrectly fenced 
off leaving part of the land soW 
referred to in the proceedings 
u foe “yellow tendT — with that 
which was still part of P7608. ~ 

As a result of subsequent 
dealings in foe land, foe plain- 
tiffs became the purchasers of a 
part of P7608 — referred to as 
' e “red land" — which was next 
and which, on a plan attached 
_ foe Land Registry transfer, 
purported to include, the yellow 
land (to which the defendants 
id no title). 

By clause 2 ofthe transfer the 
defendants as beneficial owners 
transferred to the plaintifis “all 
that freehold property edged 
with red on the plan annexed 
hereto being . . . part of foe 
property registered at HM Land 
Registry- under title number 

The plaintiffs obtained plan- 
ning permission and built oo foe 


land they thought was theirs an 
industrial buffeting one comer of 
which rested on the yellow land. 
When they came to register their 
title' under the transfer they 
discovered they had no title to 
the yellow land and had to 
purchase it from its true owners. 

The plaintiffs therefore 
claimed damages against foe 
defendants for breach of cov- 
enants for title which they said 
were to be implied in the 
transfer by virtue of section 76 
of and Schedule 2 to the Law of 
Property Act 1925. section 38(2) 
of the Land Registration Act 
1925, and rules 76 and 77 of the 
Land Registration Rules (S R Sc 
O 1925 No 1093 (L 28)). 

Rule 77 of foe 1925 Rules 
provided that “(1) Any cov- 
enant implied by virtue of 
section 76 of foe Law of 
Property Act 1925. in a dis- 
position of registered land shall 
take effect as though the dis- 
position was expressly made 
subject to — (a) ail charges and 
other interest appearing or 
protected on the register . . .” 

The first question was 
whether as a matter of construc- 
tion .the subject matter ex- 

!Tof*foe traosfer^mduded the 
yellow land. 

His Lordship agreed with the 
judge that it did. 

The effective description of 
the subject matter expressed to 
be conveyed' was the red edging 
on foe plan' attached to- the 
transfer;, foe reference to the 
prop e rty comprised in the tide 
number was subordinate, be- 
lieved to be accurate, but to be 
rgozied if demonstrably wrong. 

Toe function of rules 76 and 
77 was, under section 38(2) of 
the Land Registration Act 1925. 
to prescribe the effect in reg- 
istered conveyances of the cov- 
enants implied by virtue of 
section 76 of foe Law of 
Property Act 1925. . 

The first stage was that under 
rule 76a person might introduce 
the relevant implied covenants 
by being expressed in a. reg- 
istered disposition to transfer as 
“beneficial owner". There- un- 
questionably had been a reg- 
istered disposition in the present 
case so that the covenants of 
good title set out is Schedule 2 
to the Law of Property Act 1925 
were to be read into the transfer. 

Moreover, the covenants did 

not merely relate to so much of 
foe land as the defendants were 
entitled to transfer but to foe 
whole of the subject matter 
expressed to be conveyed. 

The covenants implied by 
section 76 were introduced by 
rule 76 into foe registered 
disposition. The scope of foe 
covenants thus introduced was 
limited by rule 77(IX the pri- 
mary object of which was to 
amplify the form of transfers in 
registered conveyancing by 
m a ltin g it unnecessary to refer 
expressly to, inter alia, charges 
and other interests appearing or 
protected on foe register. 

The crucial question was what 
was meant by “the register”. It 
was probable that the draftsman 
only had in mind the simple 
case where a registered propri- 
etor transferred land of which be 
was the registered proprietor, 
and the only relevant register 
was the register of foe registered 

proprietor’s own title. 

His Lordship found it hard to 
suppose that the draftsman ever 
envisaged that solicitors would 
so arrange matters that a reg- 
istered proprietor would pur- 
port to include in one transfer 
land of which he was the 
registered proprietor and also 
land to which he bad no title and 
of which someone else was foe 
registered proprietor under a 
different title number. 

The scheme of foe ismtf 
Registry was that, although 
there was a global register of all 
registered titles, there was also a 
separate register for each in- 
dividual title, comprising a 
property register, a proprietor- 
ship register and a cha rge 
register for that individual tiueT 

On a sale, tbe vendor fur- 
nished foe purchaser with an 
authority to inspect -foe 
register and if required with a 
copy of the subsisting entries in 
the regisreraod of any filed p lan 

In that context, the register 
had to mean tbe register of the 
land of which foe vendor was 
the registered proprietor, since 
undemiie 287 ofthe 1925 Rules 
only foe proprietor of land or of 
any charge or incumbrance 
thereon could authorize anyone 
to inspect any entry in the 
register relating to that land. 

The p laintiffs could therefore 
inspect two things only; first, 
with the defendants’ authority, 
.foe entries on foe register of title 

number P7608; and second', 
under rule 288, as contracting 
purchasers of adjoining land, 
foe property register and filed 
plan only of foe title which 
included foe yellow and other 
adjoining land. 

Tbe reference in rule 77(l)ta) 
to charges and other interests 
appearing or protected on foe 
register could not extend to 
matters tbe subject of entries 
which the plaintiffs as purchas- 
ers could not have inspected. 

Therefore the “register” re- 
ferred to in rule 77 could not 
mean foe global register of all 
registered land, but referred 
only to the register of the 
individual title, that is. in the 
context of tbe present case the 
title number P7608 of which foe 
defendants were foe registered 

It was that proprietorship 
alone under which foe scheme 
of the Act empowered them to 
make the disposition referred to 
in rule 77 which his Lordship 
took to be foe same as the 
registered disposition referred to 
in rule 76. 

Although there was a special 
power under rule 288 to inspect 
foe property register and filed 
plan of the adjoining land, the 
emphasis of foe Act and Rules 
as between vendor and. pur- 
chaser was so strongly on 
inspection merely of foe register J 
of the title of which the vendor 
was the registered proprietor 
that foe reference to “foe 
register'" in rale 77(1 Xa> ought 
to be sunilarfy so limited. 

His Lordship therefore dis- 
agreed with the judge on the 
point on which he had decided 
the action against the plaintiffs. 
The judge s order should be set 
aside and an inquiry as to 
damages ordered. 

Lord Justice Croom-Johnson 
Save a concurring judgment. 

«K W 



ROLLS, agreed with Lord Jus- 
tice Dillon in all respects save as 
to the construction of foe trans- 
fer. Since, m his judgment, the 
transfer did not include 
yellow bod, he would 
remitted foe matter to >i lc 
Chancery Division for consid- 
eration of foe plaintiff's claim 
for rcctificiion.' 

Solicitors: Barker Son &. 
fsherwood. Andover: 
Treihowans, Salisbury. 





V : 


"■* ;c 3n 






• ndustry Year I9S6 is nearly 
over. Industrialists and oth- 
ers keen to help education to 
play its pan in the success of 
- the year may rest assured 
that it is not yet too late to do so 
Many of us would dearly like to 
spread the industrial and business 
gospel more widely and eff- 
ectively. We know that too many 
of our high-flyers go into wealth- 
creating rather than wealtb- 
circula ting jobs. 

But we are not the sole masters 
of our professional destiny and we 
urgently need more of your help — 
in terms of influence as well as 
cash. Here are 12 possible action 

-• Spread the message at every 
opportunity among your 
aware industrial and business 
colleagues, especially if they them- 
selves have children of school age. 
In career choice, as in so many 
other things, teacher influence is 
very small compared with pa- 
rental advice - even in a boarding 
school. Demand the rhanff (0 
address parents' meetings at local 

Take the argument into the 
Rotary clubs, local Law Society 
lunches and anywhere you can 
find a high proportion of repre- 
sentatives of those professions 
which have traditionally snapped 
up the high-flyers whom industry 
so desperately needs. A high 
proportion of high-flying teen- 
agers follow their parents into 
family law. insurance, and 

accountancy firms eventually, 
even if they don't do so at once. 
Encourage the broader view. 

• Seek to extend your influence 
over Department of Education 
and Science civil servants, univer- 
sity teachers and exam board 
officials. While the exam hurdles 
are excessively theoretical, our 
hands as teachers are severely tied. 
The new GCSE syllabuses, good 
though their evidence-based ap- 
proach is, show signs of making 
such big demands on the time of 
both teachers and pupils that non- 
exam studies and work experience 
may be severely squeezed out. 

• The GCSE proposal for merit 
and distinction certificates involv- 
ing a compulsory craft-design- 
technology component, and the 
scheme for AS levels which would 
encourage the study of a greater 
range of subjects at 18-plus ma y 
yet be dropped because of a lade of 
resources, yet both might increase 
a candidate's chance of avoiding 
narrow academic sp ecializatio n 
Encourage the universities to be 
more flexible over formal entry 

• Examine current O and A level 
courses in business studies and see 
how much of a consensus can be 
achieved from your end about 
their ideal content One hundred 
independent schools alone now 
offer Business Studies A level; 
while half the industrial employ- 
ers in the UK are demanding more 
business studies in schools, and 
the other half are idling us to stick 

The 1 2 ways in which 
industrialists can 
help education to 
play its part are 
outlined by 
Nigel Richardson 

to traditional economics so that 
pupils do not arrive on factory 
doorsteps full of half-baked jar- 
gon. you are providing far too easy 
an alibi for those who find the 
status quo more comfortable than 
radical curriculum change. Could 
you offer more facilities for A level 
business studies project work? 

• Take an interest in those 
organizations which specialize in 
careers advice for teenagers. Do 
their questionnaires present in- 
dustry and business in a 
favourable light,, or is there a 
“hidden bias** against them? Are 
their industry questions suf- 
ficiently specific? 

• Publicize your support for GAP 
years — the break between school 
and university — which involve 
industrial experience via such 
schemes as Index. Alternatively, 
encourage GAP projects which 
include physically demanding ex- 
pedition work or significant 

community service. Being part ol 
a mountaineering team or tending 
the dying in Mother Teresa’s 
hospitals in Calcutta can bring out 
dramatic leadership qualities 
which have previously lain dor- 
mant The Duke of Edinburgh’s 
Award scheme can be similarly 
c hallenging. Conventional forms 
of national service would do for 
less for the high-flyer. 

• Seek to establish contacts with 
primary and prep school beads. 
Catch them young — both the 
Jesuits and Miss Jean Brodie knew 
that significant influences on chil- 
dren were best implanted very 
early on. 

• Argue your case much more in 
The Times Educational Supple- 
ment and the journals of the 
teaching unions. 

• Consider whether your firm 
needs an education or schools 
liaison officer. I f it already has 
one, are his budget and status 

sufficient? The courses they run 
for teachers can be invaluable — 
Unilever taught me more about 
industries and careers in 36 hours 
m a Cambridge college than I 
could have learned from a dozen 
conventional factory visits. I have 
found myself over several years 
able to use their material — and 
promote their name - with a 
sizeable number of sixth-formers. 

• Do all you can to support 
organizations which provide case 
studies and business games 
courses for teachers. The CRAC 
Insight course is superb — m three 
days teachers can amass enough 
material and ideas to run a one- 
term or two-term sixth-form gen- 
eral studies course even with no 
previous business experience. See 
whether your own firm can devise 
or sponsor a new game — the 
Metal Box business game and the 
Bradford Production parir have 
been notable leaders in the field. 

• Send your brightest young 
recruits into schools on con- 
ferences organized by the educa- 
tion branch of the Industrial 
Society. Their new Managing 
Decisions conferences are specifi- 
cally designed for high-flying 
sixth-formers; they need the 
personnel to match. The 1SCO 
Management Training Centre at 
Bourn ville needs more sponsoring 

• Support schools and univer- 
sities which are seeking to set up 
industrial fellowship schemes — 
especially those in rural areas 

where factory contacts are limited. 
One Jeading girls* school has 
recently appointed a fuDrtime 
careen officer straight from in- 
dustry; give other schools the 
encouragement and the practical 
help to do the same. • 

• Give more teachers the chance 
of secondment into industry for a 
term or even a year. Opportunities 
for arts graduates are specially 

One other idea. Has the time 
perhaps come for a full-scale 
liaison service organized by the 
Confederation of British Industry, 
the Institute of Marketing or a 
group of similar national 
organizations, and aimed specifi- 
cally at high-flying sixth-formers? 

M uch of the teaching 
material and most 
of the national 
projects have so for 
been pitched lower 
down the age and ability range. 
The armed services all have 
liaison officers who visit our 
schools termly and who “nurse" 
potential candidates along over a 
significant period. 

Should not industry and com- 
merce do the same and should not 
they also provide an equivalent to 
die excellent Services presentation 
teams, carrying their message all 
over the country? Leaving it until 
the university “milk round" is 
often far too late; industry may 
not be able to offer Big Bang City- 
style salaries at 21, but in this it 

November 6, 1986 

could at least tap the potential 
market first. 

Whether . leadership can be 
“taught’’ rather thm~ s fcaughf*’ln 
the teenage years is a more 
complicated issue than it seems at 
first sight- What is certainly true is 
that teachers can attempt the task 
only if they have the right 
opportunities, experience and 
materials themselves. Resources 
and the right teachers to use them 
are desperately scarce. 

Yes. our experience is some- 
times woefully limited — school to 
university and back again. But 
don't assume tint we all entered 
leaching merely as a career-long 
escape route from the harsh 
industrial realities. Those of us 
who trained as teachers IS years 
ago, at a time when there was- an 
assumption of permanent eco-' 
nomic growth, were taught to 
believe that it would be easy to 
train for a' completely new career 
at least once, possibly twice, in a 

We expected to be able to apply 
our teaching skills in other fields 
later on, ana foresaw others who 
would want to make the pro- 
fessional journey the other way. 
That vision now looks hopelessly 
optimistic. Long Live Industry 
Year 1986. We in schools need 
your help long term if we are to 
maximize its impact 

Nigel Richardson is second master 
at Uppingham School, 

■ ; 

' %• 

- i 

V : 




“a growth environment big enough to stretch your technical ability and 

realise your career aspirations 

British Rail Engineering Limited, one of Europe's largest 
engineering organisations, is involved In the design, development 
manufacture and maintenanceof railway locomotive and roiling 

With a turnover exceeding £400 million and over 23.000 
employees, we operate competitively in world markets - 
exporting to over 30 countries. 

To reinforce our expanding Design and Development facilities we 
now need experienced and self motivated engineers at senior and 

intermediate levels in the following areas; 




HVAC applied to vehides 

including CAD 

You should be able to offer experience in a related field and be 
qualified to HNC. HND or Degree standard. For more Senior posts, 
including Heads of Sections, professional status is demanded. 
Company benefits indude free and reduced rate travel ring futilities 
and contributory pension scheme, with the opportunity in certain 
rayc to transfer existing pension rights. There is assistance with 
relocation expenses to the Derby area, which has excellent 
residential and recreational advantages. 

fifica dons and 
days, quoting 

HO Personnel Manager, British RaB Engineering Ltd. 
St. Pern* House. Gower Street, Derby. DEI T AH. 

St PeterS House. Gower Street, Derby. I 
An equal opportunity employer. 





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Our client is a major, and fast expanding, inter- 
national organisation. There is a well established 
Personnel function, but issues of growth and structural 
complexity have resulted in a strategic decision to 
invest significantly in expanding the professional 
resources of this key division. 

Applications are sought from candidates 
offering a good first degree phis relevant post-graduate 
study and/orlPM memberdiip. You should have at 
least 3 years’ experience in a sophisticated Human 
Resources department where you will have gained 
specific expertise in at least two of die following: 

★ Compensation 

★ Occupational Psychology 
if Manpower and Resource Hanning 


Require a Manager/Manageress for St 
Christophers place Wl. Retail experi- 
ence is essential for this position which 
requires the ability to ted and moti- 
vate a small team of staff in the ale and 
promotion of our exclusive and distmc- 
tive collection including day wear, ball 
gowns and wedding dresses. 

Letter and CV to 

Droopy & Bro«?s 
21 Stonegate York YOl 2Ab. 

★ . Graduate Sdecrira and Training 

★ Employee Communications 

★ Management Development 

The total compensation package.ofiered will 
be attractive to the best in die profession. The main 
opportunities of these appointments are, however, 
personal career development and die chance to 
tigmficandyiztihteDce me organisation. With this in is essential that those appointed have the 
authority, determination and ability necessary to 
achieve change. 

Please send a comprehensive cv. including 
details of current remuneration and career objectives 
to: Steve Gardner, Stafford Long Sc Partners 
Recruitment Ltd-, 374 Eusron Road, 

London NTW1 3BL. Please quote reference 5009/T. 


jy tftjONERS 


Wa are an established private company seek- 
ing to recruit a dynamic sales manager to 
assist our management team in toe launch of 
ari excft&ig new product in the hotel, pubSc 
house and club section of the leisure industry. 

The post requires an experienced, energetic 
marketeer with, the confidence to negcriate 
major sales contracts, distribution and service 
agreements (irafeiBy to brewery and hotel 
groups) with toe inter-personal skiBs to build a 
sales team as required. 

Indicated age range 30 - 40 yean 
Salary negotiable - around £2fU>00 
Basic plus commission and benefits. 

Application together with a detailed C.V. to: 

Mr R Stanley 
Stanley Associates 
Stodringwood Boose 
Pipers Lane, Harpenden 
Herts ALB 1AQ 





Essential: AbWty to write 

Knowledge of tanguges 
an advantage. 
Canddetes must be 
committed Cathoiks. 

--Write in confidence 
enclosing C.V. to: The 
Editor, The Tablet. 48 
Great Peter Street, 

. London SW1P2HB. 


to work with National Co 
Introducing system giving 
50% reduction of ftief &w 
to business customers BZ 
no cost to themselves fufl 
details phone: 

061 486 1894 



Some of our most valuable discoveries 
are people. The Atomic Weapons Research 
Establishment has always been a focus for 
sophisticated and highly specialised scientific 
talent; experts from o wide range of disciplines 
are drawn here because of the diversity of 
the work and the opportunity of access to 
facilities and equipment which simply don't 
exist elsewhere in the country 

We will give you the opportunity to 
continue your training in o stimulating environ- 
mentembracing research, development and 
production. We will also equip you to become 
an effective manager and so prepare you for 
early responsibility We think you will enjoy 
the informality, the team approach, and above 
all the chance to exercise your initfath®. 
Whether you are intending to qualify in 1987 
or already have a degree (or equivalent) now 
is the time for discovery! 

Were interested in scientists of all 

disciplines but especially computer scientists, 
electronics specialists, materials scientists 
(particularly metallurgists), mathematicians/ 
theoretical physicists, chemists and physicists. 
Storting salaries are in the range £8000- 
£15,000 depending on qualifications and 

Single and married accommodation 
may be available and assistance up to £5000 
towards relocation expenses is provided in 
certain circumstances. 

For farther details ond an application 
form (to be returned by 21 November 1986) 
write to Science Group fecruitmenf, AWRE, 
Building F6.1, Aldermaston, iteading RG7 4PR, 
or telephone Tadley (07356) 4111 ext 7136 
or write to Civil Service Commission, Alencon 
Link, Bosingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB, or tele- 
phone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering 
service operates outside office hours), 

Please quote reh SA/24/FKA/6 

The Gv3 Service b an equal oppartsnity employer 






Field Officer 

Self Employed 

Hertfordshire and Essex 
The Country Landowners’ 

The CM a ai mm i n i Mi i i agmmmm mtock 
atm MtaeHHriiaMndinC^MMWlK 
R tm SOstaffbaMd «« Lawson hsmr mnagnet. 
MW fl M i n i4ifl8 RW > w - 

wacaocBi*— imai>«i>iM»iatt«wBwaw 
jndudaana ^ i P OMW B eouBlvw D igwRRflUOT. 

Vximm mark doaafr wtet tn* flagraorf Saawvy and 
Pubkc n*M«wra OSes and won to it*q Rexona 
Oracasr at HO vtam Ur cash m& be to tecrut ran CLA 
in ante i BUnir — l liI n mB > r». raagu from UPd qmvoj 
wdwiflMU or o minuauui to ma .igam and other 
profcttxmfr <MMU »M* wo* cfl«m ANQCUAon. 
Candfcfettt. a gad *0+. Meat tum si 

^j pra o e ua oof<aawiogaddcou»iey»te A fc nomedgaof 
he me mi mm sate wera n ee wouio be an 
a d>aoteQe.iegdBtdiBe nodOng ona rnr iii ra i a ii U i J i j . 
ip t i iTrn i i irri — 

Ptew note - «i eceRdme - tor tater umafr and an 

a p ^r— oe fc woto U d RfGJdrdl nf n Turin . 

. London swwr owe 

A diversity of highly successful businesses 
with interests which stretch way beyond the 
traditional bounds of banking and finance. 

A broad spectrum of exciting graduate 
opportunities in management broking, 
sales, marketing, dealing, computing, 
retailing, finance, investment, and other 
key specialisations. 

An environment where merit is quickly 
recognised and rewarded. 

This is the Midland Group today. With 
companies like Forward Trust which sells 
leasing and factoring to industry, and 
saving schemes to individuals; Investment 
Banking, combining established skills in 
merchant banking with stockbroking 
expertise and experience; Thomas Cook, 
the travel company; Clydesdale and 

Northern, the Group's Scottish and Irish 
banks; International Banking dealing with 
clients worldwide; Corporate Banking 
serving major businesses; Group 
Management Services which provides 
a massive resource of IT and computing 
skills; and of course Midland the high- 
street bank-each looking to turn today's 
top graduates into tomorrow’s top 

With all these successful businesses 
to choose from, career development 
possibilities are outstanding. Throughout 
our activities we look for the best talent 
and opportunities are usually open to good 
honours graduates in any discipline, 
although Tor some specific roles we do 
look for an appropriate degree. 

The Midland Group brochures, with 
details of alJ training and career opportunities, 
are available from your careers office, 
along with a special graduate video and 
information about our programme of 
university and polytechnic visits. 

Alternatively, you can write for details to: 
The Manager, (IT) Midland Group Recruitment 
and Development Office, Buchanan House, 
24-30 Holbom, London EC1N 2HY. 





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^TOUCHE ROSS has kn$ been estabRsbed as a sub stantial firm of 
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Last year alone, this aspect of our operation experienced a 
growth rate of over 50% and our ever increasing client list makes 
absorbing reading, embracing local and national government, multi- 
national corporations, financial institutions and a multitude of 
small businesses. 

The professionals that join us as Management Consultants reflect 
this unparalleled success and play their individual roles in helping 
solve often complex problems emanating from every aspect of 
business life. 

Our interdependent teams are endowed with the intellectual 
prowess to negotiate the hurdles of strategic planning, feasibility 

studies, project appraisal and organisation studies. 

And in the Information Technology area they involve yy rwi ^ _ 
themselves with computer strategy; selection and w lUUC 
systems studies. Managwnen 

It Is an environment of constant challenge, 

f d 

& louche Ross 

Management Consultants 

already showing evidence 
of strategic seif direction. 

Our growth creates 
a continuous requirement 
for people with a good 
first degree (perhaps an 
MBA) ami appropriate 
professional qualification 
in economics, accountancy 

industrial marketing, personnel or computing. An excellent training 
programme allied to the wealth of knowledge already available 
from more experienced colleagues will help ensure your success. 
Exceptional men and women are progresssing to partnership in 
3-4 years. 

— ■ Salaries are open to negotiation and will not 

_ present a barrier A company car is also provided. 

LcAUsa So, If you meet our profile, and would like to be based 
Sonsuftante in London, Manchester or Glasgow; please write or 
telephone immertately and in absolute confidence to; 

change and achievement, where people committed to reaching Michael Hurton, (Ref. 3003), Touche Ross & Co, Hill House, 1 Little 
the top of their profession develop and thrive along career paths New Street London EC4A3TR.Tel: 01-353 8011. 

• Area 1 
Sales Managers 

OIE Qfca £19,000 pa 

Greater London: South Manchester/Stockport: 

N. Ireland: Walsal/Stoke/Oerby: 


We are CCH Editions Limited, the UK afffliateof one of the USA's most successful 
corporation. We provide vital information services to acco u ntant s , lawyers and _ 
other professionals in commerce, Industry and private practice. Our success ‘ 
means we are again expanding our sales team aid require experienced 
professionals for the avoce areas. 

You should ba- 
te Aged 28-45, male or female 

• Wefl educated, articulate, enthusiastic and ambitious 

• Experienced in dealing with professional people 

• Seeking a progressive career, not just another sales job 

in return we can offer - 

• Good basic salary phis open-ended com missi on scheme 

• O.T.E. of £19,000 p3- - our top salespeople earn much more 

• Fully maintained company car. pension, insurance cover, sickness benefit 

• Comprehensive and ongoing product training 

• Job satisfaction and good promotion prospects 

If you match our requirements and we match yours, phone Keith Jeffries on 
0869 253300 between 8.30am and 6.00pm on Thursday or Friday, 6th or 7th 
November. Interviews will be arranged locally. 



Dowty Ftotoi is a world leader bi the design and manufacture of advanced 
technofogy components for a wide range of dvfl and mffitary aircraft At our 
Gloucester Headquarters, we currently have two excellent opportunities for 
quafified Accountants seeking to improve that immediate and long term career 
development prospect s . 

Deputy Cost and Works Accountant 

You wfll be responsWe for assisting in the prw>eratfon of financial forecasts, 
and compffing monthly and quarterly accounts with sttoportfng, reports. This wB 
involve the utlisation of standard and job cost systems aSed to a budgetary 
control system. In addition you wfll play a m aj or part in controBng and 
co-orefinating over 70 costing personnel. 

we are looking for someone, aged 30+, with at least several years 
experience of financial reporting and cost systems - ideally gained n an 
engineering manufsettring environment 

Systems Accountant 

This is an influential role, r eport ing (Erectly to the head of the Accounting 
function, to which you wifl be responsible for the continued development and 
expansion of computerised accounting systems, utilising both PC's and 
mainframe on-line systems. 

One of your key tasks wfll be to ensure that the Company’s Manufacturing 
Resource Planning System, which is currently being introduced, is smoothly 
and successfidly m te y ate d Mo the Accounts function. 

Alternatively, write to him at 
CCH Editions United 
Telford Road / 

B i c es ter h 

Oxoo OX6 QXD (I 

(XHEfltiore Limited 


systems work are the key requirements. 

For both positions we are offering competitive salaries and an- excellent 
relocation package, if appropriate. k*afly you should send a detailed C.V. to 
^.TirxJte, AssSn art Persgnnel Manager. Dowty Rotol Limited, Cheltenham 
to® 4 . 012 9 9 H .. or telephone Cfurchdown (04521 712424. 

extension 1123 for an appfleation form. . 


WmtGH of Sloane Square 

* Join our team 

And sefl prestigious cars from Central London's main 
Audi/Volkswagen showroom to the most exclusive 
clientele in town. 

Our gast growing organisation requires your professional 
skills to improve our customer service even father. 

Phone Chrisitme Alexander for an appointment and find out 
bggEiabout toe excellent package on offer. 


Aged 21 to ZB wit? drotng tone 
and tesatw Untan tosafe. EI5K 
expectsC frs ysar (EEfc guaranteed 
+ generate wnwro otypiugej 

TeL Penmei Dmaitaot 
Ctty Banexs 
Uteres Brew os 

81-631 0288 
fur appflcafiM fsmi 


8-HmSiMcWce.PrapeeB , 
I5-3«n JabEnkig.wnes 
2S 3Cyrt lynurrnwin nfwuin 
35 54*S ZfldCaiev Rnfcnbncy 

ftueiiiiiHini lerttiwrtefcgtnr 

■fl ages. Free kndm. 

aaa nOtaeceetat Piece Wl 
W • • 01-935 MS2 (34 bn] 


Assistant required 
for westEnd 
Antique shop. 
18-25. ‘A’ levels., 
mon-Fri 9-5. 
L.Ys. 4 weeks hoL 

Reply to BOX H72 . 

Honours Graduates 

Careers athome 
and abroad- leading 
to the top m 





M MalCMfenn 



ThsprogtainmeorieamoBent iutesipted to attract 
indjvidi^ofqutetBidiqgnildteaahd managerial 
ability who can demonanae the potetttial h> reach the 
highest le«eb of Go rentmen t Senior. Succen&il 
candidates wH be oepeoed to p rogres s ra p id ly to po»B 
of high infinencr and ittponsdnltty and d is Qkeiv that 
the inofcc\t~ai iadode. for cample, foturc P e mm ient - 
Secretaries, Amhaga don. and other top ma na g er s of 

The higher age finks wffl enable experienced 
caodOdatcs to ^apl)£ espedaSy tbow with conuiienxd 
or industrial bacLgmunds, and applkatioiu from such . 
canttidates wiilbe pankuiarty w ekonied 
SdmetAgcd under 26» least jj}785. Age 26 proper 
3i leasr£lL60SL (These salaries indude Inner 
Iwxlnn I Wi^lwKig >thWutow ant appfy.m pnm 

outside London.) ' 

— * hiining jw.^, .jun^^lilifrwul until 

immedimr iiiwuhei raeiitin poficy mAing, plann in g 

impl # i i ■ .n Uli f in . ... 

— ftr thaaemriung to aeqarea prafenonal 
m t* nranteuq r ydBw teo id erro i inlen ts 

who want to broaden (heir horisons. 

— «teeagretite» M afrfoBowedby n«iiagero enrofa 
in offire dealnigiriih taxation on a wide range of - 

— cancezned vridi ah aqxcts of fineign aflans 
and repscMoting this comtiiy and its interests 

intw i ixf rfipatty 

— tanA MBpw Bq wniwBBjBBtmjid Ddn itlte 
prepa r ation of naterial fi>r lepriation. 

Applicants must have, or expect to obtain in 1987, a degree with at least second- 
dass honours, or an acceptable equivalent qua fifua tiop. or a post-graduate degree • 
considered to beofeompaiable value. 

Aoned^-QuaDfyir^'fetwill be held mjanuart 

R>r full details and an application fonn (to be returned by 4 December 1986) 
write ro Ctwl Service O-nnnssioa. Alencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants HG21 1JB. . 
or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service operates outside office 
horns). Please quote refc A/87TJ/12S. 

The CSril Service is an equal opp ott mrity employer 





Require an energetic 
and enthusiastic 

person to help organise 
and take an active part 
in the production of 
their exclusive day and 
evening wear. 
Applicants should 
have a thorough 
knowledge of 
machining and pattern 
cutting and be able to 
fit in to a tightly run 
and hard working 

01-352 4626. 

show ecomwst 

-l v laya aa MiwBt wtt rejaf. ■>: 
ui Moray _acogjMd. uouitf 

paOteL ateertatira UA BDoedan 
wte vaatyol pA^teueseCfrahg 
tbe moor Kkaznr. WKMra o- 
«od Mm man wfl — a urn 
wan n *o 
a tan 3 rma rnxmi b ■ 
'Durness' e o Horabi a Mutnr.gBv 
taam mat pwfr ee urn Veto. 
niTiiVopni' irfllt in TwTti mil rf nfi 
no pmsanaewt, abWy tainai u«fl- 
few (Bftdptit. WfoctNe*y : in 
scvmWTS ssntari. tc n mi W g o of 
Fnmcti tufr&x. SJartog tay >vaxl 
2i5teQ pA ptw or sctanc sod 
aw DeseMs. wb nM u. is 

Executive Search and Selection Consultants 

— owgMK— wot taNteatwtteteawteswreteteicteiLreiMtawotiit 

Superb Career Opportunity 

Assistant Group 
Company Secretary (25-32) 

West Berkshire c. £15,000, Car, Benefits 

This is a superb opportunity to join the senior management 
; team of the Holding Company of an organisation en^gmi in 
- the manufacture and supply of fllirmrnhrm and glass products. 

uxafv» Sck 
m BtearSare, 
Laten Wl. 

01-935 &S81. 

This is a superb opportunity to join dm senior management 
team of the Holding Company of an organisation engaged in 
the manufacture and supply of aluminium and glass produtis. 
Wife a current turnover of £l00m + ner amnnn. the group has 
experienced tremendous expansion through acquisition and 
internal growth. Ideally mid-iate twenties fACA, ACCA or 
ACTS qualification) you will become involved in the whole 
spectrum of company secretarial, work: preparation and 
maintenance of statutory books, registers, records. Annual 
Reports, accounts. Other duties wm include: general 
insurance, leasing and other financial arrangements, operation 
of pension scheme, acquisitions and disposals, litigation etc. 

A Knowledge of computerised systems will be necessary and 
you must nave the presence- and communication skills to 
relate at very senior level both within’ and outside the 
organisation. There are real career prospects for development ’ 
into the highest level erf management within the group. 

Male or female candidates .should submit in confidence a 
comprehensive cv. Or telephone for u Personal Histor y For m to 
J.A. Thomas, Hoggett Bowen pic, 7 Lisbon Square, LEEDS, 
LSI 4IX 0532 448661, qoOmg ^ -.14092/77. 


*■ ^ "• 

t A ' 

'Him ■ 

- -T. "^- 0 


Alex Brown & Sons 

stodc&no&iDg firm is aggresively 
^7E_ *ts already established SRks/baifingiedins in 

Higiast calibre professionals are cahebtly sraroh* 

“^’portaiitpositxmsasfoUows. - .v 

^wrage Thjder- lb actively service the US. trading 
UiL “Stitutions- The position remrireTa 
aegree of energy in addition to an abffity to retire 
to fundamental research and VS. corporate 

ri J™~~* oaI Saks/Eram* An experienced N.Y.S-E. 
reptesentatwe to cover major Rtaichacaxmts. 

3. Inst antiopal SaWGermaxiy An experienced N.Y.S.E. 
representative to cower major Germa n n rr o nnts. 

All the above positions wfll be London based 
®rrymg^ substontial renumerations, indodine bonuses 

. , **? P roductiv ny- Mulrifingual U.K. nationals are 


Please reply to: The Managing* Director, 
'^0^6066(W^ CmS, 006 Rxmders Court ' London EC2. 

- In British Airours, we're 
ffi'ni beEcvers in makiiig 
every one of our passengers fee] special. 

Thai’s why we rrcruir only very 
special people for our Cabin Crew staff. It 
takes a rare talent to deal - with the requests 
of up to 400 people, and treat each one as 
though (hey were the only one who 

This means being ready with a 
warm, friendly welcome for everybody, 
the moment they come on board. But that’s 

on ly-tlv* be ginning 

The warmth and 

friendliness need to be 
kept up, right through 
id the end of the flight- And, when 
our passengers leave the plane, we want 
fh<*m to take good memories with them — 
of us, and of you. 

tfyon’w gpc the necessary personal 
dulls, and if you really enjoy working with 
people and, dealing with their requests — 
however tontine or extraordinary — it’s a 
career that’s every bit as fulfilling and 
exciting as it's challenging. 

At the moment, we’re looking 
} for men and women in their 20’s, 

* to fly with us as Cabin Crew staff next 
summer — there’ll be short term contracts 
16 months] available, starting next Spring 
and based at Gatwick, You’D be working 
on our range of holiday and chartered 
flights co a wide variety of destinations. 
YouH be busy serving food and drinks, 
duty-free goods, and demonstrating 
emergency procedures. And, most 
importantly, you’ll be gening the pleasure 
of knowing you’re helping our passengers 

feel gpod throughout their flight. 

You should be at least 5' 2" tall, and 
an ability to converse in a foreign language 
would be extremely useful- We provide a 
full four-week t raining p ro gramm e, along 
with the excellent salaries and benefits 
you’d expect. 

For an application form send your 
name and address on a postcard to: British 
Ainours, Meadowbank. P.O. Box 59, 
Hounslow Middlesex TW5 9QX. 

Please quote reference MST/001/10. 


t, fet- 
'd rose 
vtA in 
& an 
rf the 
•ore 7 
t and | 
itum. I 
lies is 

l es- , 
£70 ‘ 


Required, Captain as master of a 
twin screw motor yacht, located 
in the Arabian Golf The appli- 
cant should have a masters 
certificate and be thoroughly, 
conversant with navigation and 
a knowledge of engines, elec- 
trics and electronic gear. Age 
between 30 and 50 years. The 
position is long term for the 
right applicant with commensu- 
rable salary, accommodation 
and car. 

This position would be immedi- 
ately available, and personal 
interviews will be conducted not 
later than mid November 1986. 

Applicants should jforward their 
details to; 

Development & Technical 
75 High Street 
ChislehmrsL ; 

Kent BR7 5AG 


Organisation, in the software field. is un- 
dertaking a. significant expansion and 
thus requires individuals to undertake 
sates of their sophisticated product 
There are three company locations within 
UK, and the average system sate value is 
£250K.m. Thus, as a skilled negotiator at 
top company levels you wiR be attracted 
by the reward of 


for achieving a very realistic target 
For more dues on the above, please contact 

Mrs Judy Wright, 

T.VjCJL Computer Appointments, 

London House, 

105 High Street .. . 


Middlesex TW17 96L. 


'• Walton on Jhamoo (0333) 24401* - 
! (24 hoots) 


wltirfn 2 years yew income dw« meed 22SJJ00 

Wtawo , aicwsW period of dwkw**. 

SSS Sdinxto fmrnsi Maagm art. an «mEng (Mr tm of 

01-802 8585 


or good ‘A* levels. 

we work, w Mi prast^ous flORgtfee 

young end dynamic sates executiv es. Yoo mu tt be 

Sder 30 at toast 6 Fki 

commercial tele^ate or 

wad* jnduda e W0tt Mflte S&VJ** 

plus car.firat darn trsmmg 




CHADMA/^ SYSTEMS, DDead^prix»ssjngTTOTMtgemfflTtconsyJSng 
firm. W b are based In Hie New \bfk City area and proride data processing pro- 
tasswnatetothe loaders in thelndustry. Our Fortune 100 clients in the Bank- 
ing, Brokerage, and Insurance industries are constantly in the need of 
quafified, experienced, analyst, business constants, systems programmers 
and design specialists. 

can offertheexpenefK^professkmal immediate positions, growth and 
career advancement Wb win supply liberal benefits, relocation packages, 
housteg and immigration assistance. 

Our recruiting and technical team mD be jn tendon on Nov 2KW)e&1sno 
sefoctcandW^es. PbTwatoyourCV. toourLondonorNewYbric office forim- 
modiato consideration. 

GhaJmarc Systems, Bid . 


*4 I 

London Based 
Overseas Travel 

£15 - 20,000 
Excellent Banking 



We are part, of the Security Pacific Corporation, a major force in 
financial services, focusing on asset based financing products. 

Our Company adopts an aggresive European strategy, and is - 
constantly seeking to establish new and unique market niches. Our 
specialist areas currently include equipment, commercial and property 

Fundamental to this business strategy will be the rapid 
development of effective and expedient computer systems to satisfy the 
varied demands of our growing product portfolio. 

Working independently within a small team, your responsibilities will 
encompass analysis, design, specification, development and 
implementation of bote new and existing systems, primarily on VAX and PC’s. 

You will have a financial/accounting background and be an 
enthusiastic achiever of graduate calibre who can "make things happen" 
Experience of structured techniques and either VAX BAS1C/FMS or fourth 
generation tools would be ideal. 

We offer tee pragmatic self-starter unbounded career opportunities, 
overseas travel and an excellent financial package which includes 5% 
mortgage, subsidised loan, non-contributory pension etc. 

For full details contact Rick Allison on CjT00T1 
Ot 387 4549 (daily until 7pm) or 01 852 7067 
C (evenings and weekends) or send your CV to J T Ki d 
Greenfield Human Resources, 40 Triton Square, MS&fll 
London NW1 3HG, quoting Ref: M8. 1 

86 Peart Street 
Suite 503 

NewTbffc City NY 10004 

c/o Basil - 

13 Knights Bridge Green 
London, England SW1X7QL 


A highly successful Company involved in the field of 
Promotional Ideas/Produets and Incentive Awards. 

Due to continued expansion, new positions 
are available: 

Sales Co-ordinator. 

Sales Executive for London and the 
Home Counties 
Agents in all areas 
Assistant to our Textile Manager 

if you are a person with intelligence and initiative and 
prefer interesting and responsible work, 
telephone without delay. 

Personnel Dept* ALEX BROOK ADB (London) 
LTD., 49-53 Harrow Ro^ London, W2 1JH. 
Teh 01-402 5671 



Circa £24,000.phis car aad benefits 

A unique oppor tu nit y has arioso to lead within this large te achin g hospital Unit a 
jointly sponsored project, between the NHS Management Board aad the Newcastle 
Health Authority 

The Freeman Hospital is one of six sites selected to progress new initiatives 
involving resource management and information systems in the NHS. The post 
holder win actively psrtkpate in tiie operational enviroment of the Unit being a 
member of the Unit Management team and accountable to the Unit General Man- 
ager for enmpritmanta encompassing key tasks inherent in the project as well as the 
provision of advice relating to the deployment of re so urce and the strengthening and 
refinement of rxhwting -systems and practice. 

The post ofiere excellent experience £o enhance career opportunities in the field of 
NHS finance, technology of general management. 

Applications are invited from suitably nranirot* profeasionals with relevant health 
care, coosnttxncy or academic backgrounds. 

The appointment wiU be made through CIPFA on terms and conditions subject to 
personal negoti a ti on . 

Job package available from: Unit Personnel Officer. Freeman Hospital. High 
Heaton. Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE7 7DN. 

Tel: Tyneside (091) 2843111 EXt310S 

For an informal chat about the post do not hesitate to telephone either Leo 
Fenwick. Unit General Mana ager o n Tyneside (091) 2843111 or Derek Williams. 
Treasurer on Tyneside (091) 2732111. 

Closing date: 25th November. 


On our ora day Presentation Slate course 
we wm show you how to: 


* Increase yoar job prospects 

[iyi'Mj i iFi j * i. iin 1 

01 422 7624 today! 


If you enjoy contact with 
professionals and getting out 
on the road to discuss worth 
while programs for children 
we would like to hear from 
you paracuarly if you are ex- 
perienced in die field. 

Send a resumee to 
Mr Robert E Detweiler 
. Developmental Center 
Napier Hall 
Vincent Square, 

Hide Race 
London SW1P 4NJ 



Tto abore potf k mm fan Mw bsgwMg of Jowanr 1987 a the cunwrt MrcchK-Gswral, Mr. Alan 
Lm WMnH ORE. hoc bM^app^tSwbnte a f Tayabre HaSL 

AppScanfi riwld be Mt ten ibaa 35 raors of ojp and hare prerea odm U onfitm oai fiaaaaai aUMy. 
iSr lfaaMd haw cm i retifHo ndkfl of bHamatioiial oHoiis •«. apnwt of pafafic tpaakiag mi be 
. ormttWMd to werklop wiih leaden in whtDry, edacariaa and pabfk Bio. 

Am WptbMa far a period of 5 yoan a caricwbM. 

Ce dd i ni Aooid .sead a naac of then cater pad bacfcgtaMd. -Wd. sbauU arm baton; rim 9th 
Deambar aad bo oiwkod Prirere ml Confidaatiol. tic 

Sir Denrid Tebbit GCMG 
O mkm m of tfc* fa ^h S pe n M ag Mm 
Priory Cottaaa, C bre cb Rood 
Toft. Crenbodpe 03 7RH. 




( 24 - 30 ) 

Required by Investment Holding Co- 
mpany with varied investment prop- 
erty and trading interest to assist with 
finther expansions. Win suit some- 
one with flair and initiative seeking a 
business career. Excellent remunera- 
tion package. Based central london. 

Reply to BOX H65. 




Required for tNs expanting 
fioub of die ftvw Branch -of 
London's fssiut-groMng 
Esiate Agency ' 

Gaoa saary forme ngnt 
ttm ol sfitt-flioMBtlort ano 
aagaab*ty. Car owner 

Ron John (to Ham on 
01 323 8888 


Do you have a technical /para-me d ica I background? 
Are you looking for a change of direction - a new career 

We are an international health care company. Our 
Ethical division sells a range of highly regarded 
pharmaceutical products to the Medical Profession. 
To mantain our plans for growth aid progress we need 
four people good enough to join our team of Medical 

Are you: • 25-35 years of age? 

• Scientifically qualified to at least A‘ level 
or equivalent? 

• Resident in EDINBURGH, YORKS / 

• Currently employed in a scientific, medical 
or para-medical position? 

• Holding a current dean driving licence? 
A full tn house' training course mil build cm your pre- 
sent knowledge. Continual support and technical back- 
up on territory will develop your professional skiDs. A 
good salary, bonus scheme, pension and insurance 
benefits and a company car will be the rewards for 


61151 on FRIDAY NOVEMBER 7th between 9AM and 
5PM (reverse the charges.] 



Senior aad- Middk Mamins - Orer 40% of our ctiess 
otaun app oi ntm ents in ike muAtnised market. 

If you are becking positive career progression, txtmaa t» N OW far 
■ Tice exploratory mcttiDg and dfeconr how oar imperialist 
Services c&s http you achieve job search success. 
Your tame could depend on ii 
Career Advisory Services Limited 
6 Qum Street. May&ir. Louden WlX7PHTebCl-4$3 2648 


-at? * fl Q CT-CS 13 a.H* « » a wm a eT#i» a o « 1-kH* 




\ou have 18-36 months’ DP experience 
and can deliver coniputer systems - but can you think commercially? 
That’sthe bottomline at The Morgan Bank 


Quality Graduates 

Salary packages 
from £16~22k 



Come and meet us at the 
Aldwyeh. London, 
on Monday. November 10th 
between 12 noon and 8pm. 

Also regional interviews— 
phone Hotline for details. 

With asset* exceeding S70 billion and a network 
that »treiclie$ tt round tlie globe. Nloraan is a indy 
international organisation with a reputation for quality 
and innovation. Operating in rapidly changing 
markets, our position as a world leader is due. in no 
small way. to our commitment to systems development. 

Our London based systems teams have a broad 
brief to develop processing and decision support 
systems for our Corporate Finance. Trading and 
Securities distribution businesses in Britain. Europe 
and die Far East. Hardware includes die latest IBM 
mainframe*. Hewlett Packard. DECAA'X and NCR 
mini>. Vie also make extensive use of networked PC's 
as well as Relational Database. +th Generation 
Languages and odier software tools. 

The Young Systems Professionals we seek will 
have quality degrees (2: l or better), at least 18 
mouths* sound experience in a structured environment 
and a proven record of achievement in one company. 

We are also looking for well rounded, cominercially 
awarc individuals who know how to motivate 
themselves and otliers to achieve the best results. . - 

In short, we seek tlie management of tomorrow. 

\Ye invest heavily in training and tlie rewards are 
quite exceptional. Tlie package includes a top City 
salary-, profit sharing bonus. subsidised mortgage from 
day one and many oilier key - benefits. 

Come and meet us at the Waldorf on 10th 
November- we will make finn offers within two weeks. 
If you ran t make it. plmne our Consultant John Miskeily 
i in the Morgan Hotline 01-405 2727 during office 
horns or over tlie weekend (noon-6pm ) cm 083621^419 
fora pnelimiiiary discussion. Alternatively send your 
C\ (quoting! ref:347T) to: JM Management Services. 
Columbia House. 0^ Aldwy ch. London WC2B 4DX. 

The Morgan Bank 

HOTlTnEOI- 405 2727 ■ HOTLINE 01- 405 *727" BOTLINE 01-405 2727 HOTLINE 01-405 2727 

reg n A1/41 

Experienced In dealing wttti 
the general pubfc requrcd by 
busy advertising company. 
Mail order experience or sim- 

Jar an advantage. Salary 
El 2.000 pa. We raw maty 
more vacancies for other ex- 
ecutive positions. Please 

01-826 9621 
license Htnnber SE(A)281Z 
Sap ha- 




My diem is the dynamic UK subsidiary of one of the !ar$esi andflost 
diverse manufacturing companies in Europe. Because it has a pCHttue 
management succession policj . based on personal m ^rit. o nly racty 
doe* an opportunity exist to join Uie company at th» leveL The 
demands of the position are sudr that the foftowrogreqqneoiMieare 
essential: - ■ 

• Evidence of dearly defined progressive safes management 
responsibility with recognbedcuoTpamcs in *f«ie pxjds or otter 
consumer durables with similar distribution patterns. 

• Proven ability to motivate. control and refine a safes force pfoooung 
a ‘top-end* ranee of products fo a ensforner newori which has 
differing levels of sophistical km and business, acumen. 

• The personality and presence to make an ianiedfcKe impact bob 
infernally and in the market place. 

■ Additional assets are a Business Studies qualification and exposure 
to marketing disciplines at some time in >ow career. 

Our client demands a special combination of market background, 
ambitioa and dearly defined career pr o gr e ssion to date. If you can 
prove your worth and the ability no assume a more general 
management role in the medium term, contact JAMES NORRIS. 
Client Advisor, on 01-3583621 (2-t hours), or send a bnef CV with 
daytime telephone number, quoting ref. £1124. 

Executive Facilities (Marketing). Ltd. 

dive House. 22 A Conduit Place. 

London W2 I HS. 


'Central London Package = £ Neg. 

In today’s Financial markets QUASAR has provided the 
solution as a fully integrated computer system for Investment 
Management, PEP, Banking and Unit Trusts. Our extensive 
prestigious Client base has enjoyed continous growth and 
we are looking for Consultants to contribute to our 
further progress. 

Working as a member of the team, the Consultant will be 
responsible for User support and training, ongoing sales 
support and be expected to make a positive contribution to 
both QUASAR and ACT (Financial Systems) development. 

The remuneration package will be individually tailored 
according to age and experience and benefits will include car 
. and BUPA where appropriate. 

Please send C.V. to: 

Paul J. Foil, ACT (Financial Systems) Limited, 359/361 Euston Road, 

London NW1 3AW 


PROBLEM # High StaffTurnover 

• Ineffective Screening and Selection 
0 Dissatisfied with unsorted CV’s 

0 Incorrect use of advertising budgets 

SOLUTION 0 Highly trained consultants with related industry background 
0 Unique and thorough selection process 

# Comprehensive 90 day guarantee scheme 

0 Every aspect ofthe computer industry dealt with atalllevels. 

Business Concepts International Lid, with over 20 years experience, is today recognised to be an exciting 
and powerful company, covering all aspects and levels of computer industry recruitment on a national 
and international basis. 

To find out more about B.C.I. 

PHONE PETER OR MICHAEL 739 8410 or 739 9112 

■■■■' " 

Business Concepts International ltd 

Total solutions to business problems 




Based in Saadi Arabia 

Our client, a well-establis h ed, family-owned Saudi- Group, is a market leader in furniture 
retailing and ma n ufacturing in Saudi Arabia. Other activities of the Group include trading, 
construction, maintenance, industrial and technical services, real estate and investment. 
The Group wishes to appoint a Group Treasurer to take control of the Group treasury 
function. The Treasurer will be responsible for aQ treasury activities, including 
co-ordi na t in g cash management, handling foreign exchange transactions as required, 
arranging bank facilities and will be responsible for the financial ma n a ge ment of the 
Group. The Treasurer will be a senior line officer reporting directly to an executive board. 

Applicants should have five to ten years of treasury experience. They must have good 
planning skills, commercial flair and the maturity to work as part of a small top 
management team. Exposure to the furniture business would be useful but is not essential. 
They should be fully conversant with the normal financial information required by banks 
on periodic basis and be able to effectively utilise hank resources and services. 

We expect that most applicants currently working in the United Kingdom would be 
earning m the range of £25.000 to £40.000 with their age ranging from 35 to 45. Salary is 
negotiable arid includes a comprehensive benefits package. Applicants should write In 
confidence with career details, age, current salary, quoting reference number ES/201 to: 

Amje d Al-Jaffery 
82 Mount Street, London WIT 5HH 

^ \ j International Ltd 

0 Hitachi Credit (UK) Ltd 



(Potential Regional Manager) 

Hitachi Credit (UK) Limited is a rapidly expand- 
ing subsidiary of a major international finance 
group. We specialise in Block Discounting, in- 
dustrial Hire Purchase, Leasing and vehicle 

austnai Hire Purchase, Leasing and Vehicle 
Finance to a wide range of customers and pro- 
vide consumer finance facilities to the retail 

We require a Business Development Execu- 
tive who will have gained several years 
experience in the finance industry in a sales 
position. The appfleam must tie a self starter, 
professional and able to negotiate to Board 
Room level. The successful applicant wffl ex- 
pand the already substantial business base and 
must be in a position to increase the profitability 
of the region to the iritimate goal of opening a 
regional office within a short time span. 
tf you can demonstrate your drive and ambition 
then write or telephone in strict confidence tor 
an application form. 



Hitachi CretOt House, Staples Courtyard, 
Church RouO, Hayes, NStkBesex UB3 2UH. 

(01*61 6496) 



Qualified ICMA/ACCA 

r Bernard Matthews PLC is ona of Europe's largest and most progressive meat processing companies! 
employing over SL500 people across Norfolk and Suffolk. Rapid growth results m a requirement tor' 
additional Management Accountants. 

Reporting to the Group Management Accountant (he successful applicants wffl provide support at senior 
level and proven skfto m controffing and motivating staff are essential, as is the senior management level 
and proven sfcffls fo conn offing and motivating staff are essential, as is the abifity to work with tittle 
supervision. Qualified accountants with a sound background in either management or financial accounts 
within a manufacturing Industry environment are invited to apply. Computer Based systems experience is 


These Head Office based positions offers a salary and benefits geared to attract the right candidate 
together with an attractive package which indudes a Company car, Profit Sharing Scheme and BUPA 
Membership, but above all it offers real long term career opportunities within a progressive and 

expanding Company. A 

Please apply in writing, enclosing a brief but comprehensive c.v. that 
Includes present salary, or telephone tor an application form trr.- 

W.T. Rose, Group P e r s onnel Mamager, 
Bernard Matth ews PLC. 

Gt, Wftchingham Hall, Nonricti NR9 500. 
.. Tel 0603 872611 

Exciting Career Opportunities 
in Personnel 

Ow cfirmttl a major Waif Loodon-baaed British pubttc Company which xupphea a ruimber of mar k eting s« fv te« 8 
to a wide range of "blue Chip" manufacturing and sanies companies throughout Great Britain. K new wishes 
to develop Its personnel function atiU further by the a ppoi n tment of two experienced Personnel Executives, 
male or female, who we energetic and coramtttod to e career in Personnel Management. 

Training & Development Manager 
c. £15,000 + Car 

The principal responsibilities will include the meruit*: ebon 
design, implementation ana evaluation ol a range ot 
training and development programmes applied, tar ex- 
ample. to new entrains, graduate trainees, sates staff, mi 
levels of management and selected specialist stall Advice 
to management on such matters as external training con- 
sultants will be required. The successful candidate imu 
«dso have the responsibility for preparing and wonting 
wrmrn an agreed training budget- Ref No PE312 

Recruitment Manager 
c. £15,000 + Car 

The principal lesDonsipiiiiccs will involve me recruitment ol 
erecuhves in a wide range re disciplines but patheutertv m 
I he marveling and sales areas All work wdi be earned out 
within an agreed manpower planning strategy The drafting 
ol rob descriptions and person specifications, writing 
advertising copy selecting appropriate recruitment media, 
experience pi interviewing candidates ar 311 revels and me 
ability to develop and implement a systematic graduate 
recruitmeni programme an? among other necessary 
quaWica'ions. Knowledge ol innovative and aggressive 
■recruitment metnoos is esseniral Ref No PE 343 

The ideal candidate for each of these appointments should already have a demonstiabfy successful career m Personnel 
Management, gained m a fivety and hard-warinng environment Each is irhety to be around 3 a years ot age. fo be witting 
to accept a tvgn level at re3ponsorMy and have the ambition and Unowtedge to succeed m a demanding but .rewarding 

These Vilify important appointments offer outstanding career prospects and the salaries, and Jringf benefits ^ reflect 
this importance II you possess these required dualities apply in strictest contiaence. to l.h Ovens. Huqnes Ovens & 
Hewitt Limited. Executive Recruitmeni Consultants. 32 Saviie Raw London W 1 X 1 AG auohrg the appropriate reference 
number No information writ be passed to our client without the candidates pnor permission. Uf'VX.T 



Whether you are seeking another job or 
considering a new career, we can provide you 
with effective and professkxEi! help. 

Our service is tatior-made to youc needs and 
drtuEnstaaces. Wth coverage of bod? advertised 
and unadvertised vacatoes. we aim for more 
success - in less time and at less cost. 

For a free, confidential rfecusskxi, Seraor 
Executives home or abroad are invited to 
contact their local office. 

Managamcm Support Network 

/X\ /Mainland Executive Services 

LoodoaH-353 HM 
Bfnnkgtam 021443 2934 
Maidenhead 062S-73ZC 

Bristol QZ72-Z7764f 
Leafs 3532467424 
Eflnta n *«S-?2fi2g» 

SaSaburySq. Ho., EC4 
22 Suffolk Soto, BI JLS 
18 Lloyd S l, M2 SWA 
64 King Seen. SL6 IEQ 
28 C ommadut Road. GUI 4SU 
CSmBSamet, BSt IDB 
AB Court. M.M. Wnc SGI 6BH 
2 Oxford Row, LSI SBE 
& Manor Place. EH3 7DX 





_ a 


• ~ . *v 

: .-< V: -'. 

ITestem Europe 

East Anglia Base To £18,000, Car, Benefits 

The company, part of a dynamic British 
bngmeenng Group with £200m turnover, 
de «Sgs- raanufactures and markets a range of 
S?^ sniner durables and related 
assemblies with a turnover of around £l8m. 

Alter product tr aining you will be 
instrumental in substantially increasing 

sales in Europe- A large proportion 

of your ti m e will be spent overseas 
revitalising markets and setting up a dynamic 
sales network. Aged 28-40 witii fluent 
German and/or French, you must have at 
least 5 years experience operating with 
consumer products in export markets 
including selling through a distribution 
network. Self-motivation, co mmunic ation 
skills, entrepreneurial flair and business 
acumen are vital ingredients for success and 
excellent prospects exist to develop 
. .. worldwide markets. 

Male or female. candidates should submit in 
confidence a comprehensive CV or telephone 
for a Personal History Form to M. Stem, 
Hoggett Bowers pic, 1/2 Hanover Street, 
LONDON, WlR 9 WB, 01-734 6852, quoting 
Ref: 8019/T. 

■ ", 

London Life, a long established company in the Ufa As- 
surance and Pensions field, , have a vacancy fn their 
growing Training Department . • 

topes together with varied work on a number 

You should be aged 25 .to 35, degree level 
with experience m designing and presenting training pro- 
grammes . In adc&tion you wffi be confidant, enthusiastic, 
adaptable and above aD organised. 

Starting salary wH depend upon age and experience - In 
addition we offer • 

• NorHcontritartory Pension Scheme 

• imme d iate Mortgage Interest Subsidy Scheme 

• - Excellent working environment including squash 

courts, sports and social fepaities and subsidised 
lunches. ‘ - • 

Please apply in writing with fuH C.V. to : 

Joe Wattxwright, 

Recruitment Manager, 

Human Resource •. u 

Development Department, 

I London Life 


Wendstone Chemicals is a- small speciality chemicals business within the Laporte Group 
Britain's second-largest quoted chenwat company. We enjoy a high level of autonomy which 
enables us to operate in a fast-moving, entrepreneur way, whilst at tfesanretmerawig the 
full backing aid support to a major int e rnational orgarastoiofl. 

Off business ts in supplying high value, key organic intermediates to the pharmaceutical 
industry and speciality product manufacturers. We aim to develop novel mantoacturmg 
processes for our products commencing with the Msrature review stage and progressing 
through laboratory and pilot plant to.fuH scale manufacture. We do not set out to perform 
fundamental research but rather to harness the latest research findings to our needs and those 
of our customers. This involves us in dose liaison with drtveratty research, wherein we 
support a number ot tod tone research students. 

Our small, enthusiastic team to highly qoafified organic chemists are involved to afl stages of 
developments from literature review and discusswnwttt Consultants, at the laboratory bench, 
raioi plant to toll scale pfant cammsstanmg stages. They are to regular contact wrtft our 
customers and make a valuable contribution towards actually winning new business. They 
represent the company at trade exhibitions and lecture at symposia and to our customers bom 
home and abroad. 

Hfertostone Chemicals has the Ml cooperation to, and free access to, other Laporte scientists, 
and to the substantial chemical engmeering resource and finance to the Group for large 
projects Durmg the past three years, major technological advances have been made which 
have led' to mutti-miBion pound Investments in manufacturing pfant wftflfo toe Laporte Group. 
We ham exciting projects at present underway. 

We are looking for chemists to join our team. The successftd applicants wjH be exceptionally 
able people with career ambition. An essentia! minimum requirement is for a good first degree 
and a FhD in organic chemistry and a keen desireto work as a member of a team across me 
mde spectrum to activities described above. 

Applications, which wid be treated to strict confidence, should be addressed to: 

DrJ. P.: Regan 
Managing Director . 

Wendstone Chemicals PLC 


Cleveland 7523 4JA 
(marked Personal and Comioehtiai) 

A Mentor of the laporte Group 


* ; 



SS totidtomatic EngBsb. Good education and 
SfflSt Si affaiis^SSed. Candidates mil te 
SSute dictation tests and written tests translating each 
kB^a8= in£ EngHsh. Please submit resume ta 

Personnel Officer, 

American Embassy, 

Grosvenor Square, 

London W1A 1AE . ~ - 


The Bank of Bermuda Ltd is an International Bank , Trust, and 
Investment Management Company with assets exceeding US$3 billion and 

1200 staff in 5 worldwide locations. 

Our international equity fund management and research activities are growing 
and we require experienced individuals to become a part of an investment 
management team involved in professional multi-currency asset management. 

Investment Manager - International Equities 

This key individual will be responsible for building a professional equity management team 
involved in developing new equity products, managing and expanding the Bermuda 
International Equity Fund, formulating the Bank’s global equity market strategy, as well as 
managing a substantial private client portfolio and assisting in the Bank’s sales and 
marketing efforts. We are. looking for a well rounded individual with a minimum of five 
years experience managing international equity portfolios. A thorough understanding of 
modem portfolio techniques, sound economic judgement particularly relating to interest 
and exchange rate consideration as well as excellent communications skills are essential. 

Investment Analyst - international Equities 

As a member of our international equity management team, this individual will provide in- 
depth research on international equities, participate in the formulation of our international 
equity market strategy, communicate this strategy to major clients and to key individuals 
within the Bank, as well as manage discretionary funds along agreed guidelines. 

Applicants should have between 2-5 years experience in investment analysis and a desire to 
extend this expertise into direct fund management. An economics background combined 
with sound analytical skills, a capacity for original research and ideas, and excellent 
communication skills are essential pre-requisites. A sound knowledge and experience of a 
wide -variety of international equities is desirable. 

A competitive tax free salary and benefit package is offered for these positions which are 
located in our Head Office in Bermuda. Bermuda offers a climate and lifestyle which is 
second to none. 

Interested applicants should send a comprehensive curriculum vitae including salary 
history to: 

Mr Alastair B. McDonald,’ Personnel Manager, 

The Bank of Bermuda Limited, 

.Representative Office, 7' - 
Minster House, 12 Arthur Street, 





x, fcs-l 
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VIA in) 
a an | 
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t and 
itmn. ! 
lies is 

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To join the newsroom team working primarily on the preparation 
NEWS and production of the station's news out^ 

DDAI\I lAwn programmes, including newsreading, interviewing and reporting. 
rnUUUvCn Inaddition, you may producefeature programmes and take partin 
RacfioKent announcing duties. 

Journalistic experience at aib-ecfitor or reporter level, good 
Based Canterbury microphone voice and axierrtdiving licence are essential. 

Salary £10,412— £14,725”. (Ref.2837/T) 

REPORTER Are you a young, ambitious reporter with at leastthree years' 

journalistic experience? If so, Radio York has a vacancy that may 
- - Radio Yoric mtsrattyou. The work is primarily reporting, interviewing, bulletin 

writing and newsreading. Good microphone voice and curent 
driving licence essential. (Ref. 2845 /T) 

£8^54- £11,110* 

- Relocation expenses considered. 

; We are an equal *Plusafiowanceaf£5g7p2.**PlustolDwanc8af£l^i20p^a. 
Opportunities employer Contact us Immediately for appficationfonn (quote appfxiprtale ref. 

aiwlerMdows^e.)B6CAppokitments, London W1A1AA. 

TeL 01-927 5799- 

Career Crisis 


Alfred McAlpme Homes Ltd. one of the fastest growing new Homes 
companies in the UK. is expanding ns quality New Homes programme 
and wish lo iec run On-Site Sales Representatives tor new ' ' - 
developments in the Essex ana East London area 
We are opening new sues in Chelmsford. Basildon and East London and 
require more staff to complement our existing team 
Preference will be given to applicants with a proven background m New 
Homes Sales, but a irvel y personally and enthusiasm are equally 
important. Full training and support will be given to successful 
applicants Generous basic salaries and commission are ottered, as 
well as good promotion prospects, together with the full backing of a 
large sales team 

For an application form pj&ase conraci: 

Philippa Smith 

Alfred McAlpine Homes East Ltd. 

4. The Limes. flMGATESTONE. Essex CM4 OBE 
Telephone: <0277) 355044 

You may be m the wrong job, have unJtofflted ambitions or have been matte redundant Our Individually tailored, 
guaranteed programme tor senior executives will ensure that you attain your career objectives quickly. To arrange a 
tree, confidential discussion telephone fi1-fi31-111B 

Efsecutiue Action 

37 Queen Anne Streets landonWIM QFB 

Alfred IWAIpine 



Join us, Gery Bessent and Peter Richards. We 
were frustrated sales managers, now we are 
earning a substantial five figure income within a 
large fmulti-mitiion financial institution. 

We are now looking for two people, aged 
between 27 and 50, living within a 30 mile 
radius of London, earning between £15-30,000 
to join our salesforce in a planned expansion 
programme in the financial services industry, to 
develop Uitir own practice. 

We are an equal opportunities- group. 
Applications are welcome regardless of sex, 
marital status, ethnic origin 'or disability. . 

Telephone us at ABied 
Dunbar Assurance pic. 

Monday^mte^ ALU ED 

-mo.. , 

between 3-5. 
on 01-637 


. Appbauion* *rfc invittd foraJmoOT Eaxcvtm panion within 
Uk IF ALFA Scgc ii irim. involving , broad nnge of a d min a- 
trativr rad jeawarjaT duties. Appbcana should be aiber 
Gratoaes or have Umvmity cmzaow qvehfieauoas, shonld 
have an iaiatsi in avwiaa and shook! taw parwjihw stafls 
-nd cipaieacc ia the Jjfa rm n tf n trivg /nut odtwraL odds. A& 
Rm*E B’Wmn.-sabrjr benrees £WOT - £SJ00. 

fttnto details Jad Appttaifca Foma fhmr 

Mbs N. Mtor, 


Egtoua (9784) 37361 



London, SW12 £l7,000+car+benefits 

We are a rapidly-expanding, USM-quoted Com- 
pany involved in wallpapers and furnishing 
fabrics. We are seeking a qualified accountant 
who is -cwnmerttajly orientated. Experience of 
computer systaits would be an advantage. 

Reporting directly to the Financial Director, du- 
ties will initially include management of acc- 
ounts department preparation of monthly man- 
agement and year-end statutory accounts, cash 
flow and profit forecasts and their monitoring. 

Regular contact with the company's managers 
at brandies throughout the UK and USA means 
that strong {wnmunication skills are essential. 
This position for a hardworking accountant, 
offers good opportunities within the organ- 

■Candidates will probably be in their mid 
20s/eariy 30s. 

For further information please write, enclosing 
full curriculum vitae, or telephone: 

Atteutioo: Peter Soar, F.CA. 


49 Temperiey Road, London SW12 8QE 

Telephone 01-675 2255 

You we a senior executive Bandog over 
gOJttOfxa., successful hard worths 
nd suddenly - 


Over 75% of the top posthns are never 

Rettfnr Hunt ft Assoriatts are a 
spedefistttaBi estabfished to hdp 

tff Wh wf , CXDIL orttesfl SMUnq 3 

chango ts find Ita right postoon, quk% 
t mnwjB uwiiiwwniiHH|oo —w 

Coosutency income is often avdabto 
to our d^its mho are out of wwk. 

Wc are spedaHsis on the re-deployment 
of senior executives. 

Fw a free c on fidenti al db a rga on >■ 

TeL RkhardPardy 01-4340511 

Prenrer House, 77 0rf^Streto,WI8IRB. 
Tek 91-4341611 



Executive wanted to join the pro- 
motions team of a leading nat- 
ional newspaper group. 

A creative mind is important, for 
contributing to the ideas melting 
pot in this fively field. Even more 
important is the ability to think 
things through property and nego- 
tiate effectively with competition 

Relevant experience would be ei- 
ther in newspaper promotions, or 
related fields such as sales promo- 
tion or public relations. Salary 
package circa £14,000. 

For further^ details call: 

Kim West 
(01) 837 3966 

PARTY nCSEDEHTS ivaulrv an 
KudUeml. hardworking moll- 
valM tranwv raanagtr This 
oirm ao etc nut carter m ca- 
imng. helping Organist- and 
working al pniaKand MBtnesa 
(unctions- Applicants thank! 
nrtvf and br aged 21-26. Pinl- 

TrtmhoM Ludnda sunn on 
Ol 720 0904. 

. _ . Dw 

Oly-twrd faternatxxial 

Dkamml HtnU-nvlIi 

BMitcattomCrem nnriesaonaiiv 
eXDOVnceU accovmanis and 
hKfn to ham in ram mmmi 
coBtuKancv. QaaHOraUdn. 

IMu« dswreaue is nM neces- 
sary. Tckphooe: Ol 236 OOll. 

SMf SUFCRnuVEL.srfk ratlw- 
ttesuc “Back-op" in the ski 
and. for 86-87 waiter wa&an- 
SccratarulUcUK. numerate mta 
uitereci In ski hustness. Enowd- 
ed«e of French/German 
preferred. One week’s irre ski 
holiday, immnuair mu Ring 
01-589 5161. 

ASSISTANT required by Author 
<1215 nn per «*c« wlUi lUUe 
IP offer other man London ac 

com modal km. CompatAte with 

own wwi/n wa i di. Typing 
and unguagec luCpful Wrtle 
Hltb short CV ifi BOX NO H47 

CVS. INTTRVKW faflj* AMD ex- 
pert lob search owdaocc. 
Aodncy Sly Asiaciates. Tel: 
aeninamsaed iqaasd 722m. 

CAUME CVS Ud pndessHnal 
nmnilan ote- aorumenu, 
DMaUu 01431 3368 




r y 





Coopers & Lybrand Associates Limited 
management consultants 

Plumtree Court. London EC4A 4HT 

Human Resources 



We seek top quality consultants to work 
on assignments for UK and European 
clients in the public and private sectors, 
third world governments, parastatals and 
commercial enterprises. You will have 
produced practical solutions to complex 
management problems and must 

demonstrate the abflity to communicate 
in writing and face to race at aS levels. 
Aged up to 35, with a degree, 
professional qualification or an MBA, 
your skills may have been acquired in 
the energy, water or transport sectors 
and should include either personnel and 
training, corporate planning or policy 

Our excellent remuneration package 
includes a car. Please send your 
resume, including a daytime telephone 
number; quoting ref. T 04/16 to 
Lawrence Philpott 

Strategy Consultancy 

WO are looking for outstanding 
individuals to contribute to the further 
development of our strategy practice. 

We work in the UK and overseas to help 
our clients - who range from multi- 
nationals to medium scale businesses - 
to improve their competitive position. 

Successful applicants must have a good 
degree and an MBA, and be able to 
demonstrate expertise in applying the 
techniques and disciplines of strategic 
analysis. Your experience will either be in 
consultancy or in a line or staff position in 

a manufacturing or service business. 
You wiD be in your late twenties tamid 

Wb offer an attractive remuneration 
package, including a car; Please send 
your career resume, including daytime 
telephone number; to Malcolm Mirrielees, 
quoting rei. T02/17. 

Marketing Consultancy 

If you have ‘sharp-end* marketing 
experience in a manufacturing environ- 
ment coupled with the ability to think 
strategically, we would like to meet you. 
Our work ranges from single product 
start-ups to the largest multinationals. 
One week you could be dealing with 
marketing tactics and the next with a 
major strategic diversification 

We are looking for marketing profession- 
als in their late twenties to mid thirties 
with successful experience in more titan 
one manufacturing company and market 
sector, to join our Strategy and Marketing 
group You should have a good degree 
and preferably a professional qualifi- 
cation or an MBA. Fluency in a European 
language would be valuable 

Opportunities exist in our London. 
Manchester and Leeds offices The 
attractive remuneration package 
includes a car. Please send your career 
resume, including daytime telephone 
number, to Bill Forsyth quoting re f.TQ2/l8. 

Executive Selection 

Coopers & Lybrand Associates have 
tong been involved in executive selection 
co nsultan cy Assignments have been 
handled lor dients ranging from major 
British group headquarters to srnafi 
private companies. These have been for 
all disciplines from IT anti Sates and 
Marketing to Manufacturing. Financial 
and General Management. Having taken 
the decision to go for rapid growth in this 
sector Coopers & Lybrand Executive 
Selection Limited has been formed as 
the separately managed vehicle of 
this expansion. 

As one of our new consultants in this 
exdting venture you would be 
responkbte for advising clients on 
recruitment problems through from initial 
bnefing to sourcing, interviewing, 
shortlisting and reference checking. This 

wig demand the highest standards of 
pratesskxiafism. deterrininauon ard 

You are likely to be aged m your 30 s and 
a graduate Essential experience s a 
progressiveirack record to management 
recruitment, either to industr > and 
commerce or in the setecticn 
consultancy market. You wtf need rhe 
confidence and high level mte'-oersonal 
skills which wi8 allow you to deve op and 
sustain a viable c&ent base The 
remuneration packaged exceed 
£25.000 per anrwn&uS, a benstls. . 

package which includes prvate health 
cover, choice of ouaity car and 
relocation expenses where appropriate 

Our requirements at this time are f or 
consultants in the East and West 
Midlands but if you feef you can make a. 
major contribution elsewhere please 
apply to the first instance telephone or ‘ 
send a career resume, which highlights 
your recru>tmer4 achievements ana 
indudes a daytime telephone number, to 
David Owens. Ref. D2Q88. Coopers & 
Lybrand Executive Selection Limited. 
22a The Ropewaik. Nottingham NG : 
5DT. Telephone Nottingham 419513. 

V ■ ... < 

Kte i ? ;♦ - ; 



.; 213.0S3 + BONUS & BENEFITS 

‘ : Cc— nrcj't'i experianced Accountant with systems implementation 
'■ < e?.?3r -jize. sipaols or controlling financial matters in hectic blit highly creative 
r ’ er*v«crTen:. zi'ezeC Board prospects following rapid business development 

. •; Ref: C£5££. 

.'3E7V 63 65 Moorgate. EC2R 6BH 01 -638 3955 


, L j v;cs £18,000 

| j nstrpcnscility for van?ty of accounting functions reporting to manager. Devei- 
[-.! :r,rr-:~: znd im dements fen of accounting syste m s within investment company. 
7 ' ;n:e.'cs:i rz portion with prospects, ottered to ACA/ACCA with 2 years post qua! 

e.-Cr rencV C 5550 

\ j ST7S.79S IIOThe Strand. WC20AA 01-3796716 


! i v:i £17,000 

f \ An e#c3:.ent career progression for finalist to move into prestigious, worldwide 
; . J . publ.smnj company. Structured promotion, total involvement with statutory and 
management accounts. Company car, 2G r b bonus + 6 weeks hots. Ret C6502. 
V:SS7 2K» 14 Great Castle Street W1N7AD 01-5809186 


i ; 2*!9,CC0 + STUDY 

F'rst poorly - full involvement with management accounts. Second - dose 
’ j liaison m-th Financial Director on financial accounts. Overall - a superb career 
| : * opportunity with 3 foremost property management group, 
t i Ret: B4S16. 

v v V33TOS2A 6 Glen Hse. Stag Place. SW1 E 5AG 01 -828 7555 


Cj£20,000 + car etc. 

Our client is a successful commercial organisation with a diverse 
rare? M" activities ir. a service related industry including the provision of 
m-inj^emen: consultancy and personnel services to 3 major sector of the 
UK m anul'aciurng industry. 

The Company Secretary will fulfil an important role within the Head 
CfTics. .Areas of responsibility will include the provision of accurate 
financial and management accounting information, investment of surplus 
funds writing and presentation of board reports, some industrial relations 
work and completion of the introduction of computer facilities. 

Card 'dates should be qualified accountants or company secretaries 
i AC A. AC.VlV, ACCA or ACIS) with a high degree of interpersonal skills 
and the ability to communicate effectively both verbally and in writing. 

It you are aged 30 to 40 and have the enthusiasm to give total 
commitment vrixtun a challenging commercial environment, this position 
offers a a excellent careeropportunity. In addition to a generous commencing 
salary, the package will include a fully expensed company ca^ contributory 
pension scheme and relocation assistance where a p p r o p riate. 

Please apply to Christina Counsell, BA, ACA^Executive 
Consultant - !, Daniels Bares Partnership Ltd, Leeds Office, Tel: (0532) 

4o1p 71. quoting ref: S6/223STT. 

• Danicb Bam Partnership LnL, joKpbs VfcU. 

Hanover Vtilk. Parte Lane. Leeds LS3 1AB. 

: .' Tel: (OS 32) 4€ 1(71 (3 lines 24 hours). 

- .VlsoauFouuuinPrecina, Leopold Street Was. 

-<\. • -*- S*-x «K«icia SI 2GZ. Td: i07«) 75401S 


(1 ‘It 

Vi /y v 


Applied Data Systems Limited is a rapidly expand- 
ing company. We are leading supliers of advanced 
telacozmnunications systems to worldwide financial 

To maintain this expansion, additional sales person- 
nel are required for London and overseas. 

The successful candidates will be dynamic, have a 
.proven sales record and preferably, a technical 

Apply to: 

Company Secretary, 

Applied Data Systems Limited, 

North House, 

North Street, Carshalton, 

Surrey SM5 2HW. 

Tel: 01-647 6626 



ACAs/BANEERS/BROXERS o£35,000+car 

Our client is a “top 8* international finn of chartered accountants with a highly regarded 
Corporate Advisory Department able to accommodate a numb er of suitably experienced managers. 

The role will Q*i+atl a variety of finanm'al advisory work inducting private company share . 
valuation nationally and internationally, pre-flotation advice, advice on employee share schemes, 
rapfal taxati on planning; international transfer of ownership manag ement buyouts etc. 

P-arM-lirlafrpg (malp or female) should ideally have experience of s imi l ar work in a firm of 
chartered a r^infawt^ or within a banking or stocktaking corporate finance department 

Candidates should have a creative approach, and a capacity for original thinking, to cope with a 
flow of often unique situations d em a ndi ng one-off tailored solutions. 

Prospects are excellent with partnership opportunities in the short term. 

For more information, please contact George OnnrodBJL (Oxen) or S te p h en HaAett BA. 
(Ozonj on 01-836 9501 or write with your C.V to Douglas Liambias Associates Limited at our 
Ii CT i do n address quoting reference No. 7219. ^ — - — ... 

410 Strand, London WC2R0NS. TU 01-835 9501 
163a Bath Street Glasgow G2 4SO Trl 041-226 3101 
India Beddings. Water S trues. Lavs* pool L2 ORA. Td 051-227 1412 
113/115 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 41N Trl 031-225 7744 
Brook House. 77 Fountain Street 
Manchester M2 2EE. TaL 061-236 15S3 


Member Services Directorate, London 


Chartac Recruitment is rgyansihlp for thp grrwr cminspTTing anA planpmpnt qptvv-p (Wr mgmhp ra rtf 
tbelCAEW. We undertakes varied, challenging range of work, which includes ad vising yoong 
members on career plans, counselling and practical assistance to older members with career 
di f fi cul ties a n d a aai stmg client companies lin practice and commerce) in recruiting Chartered 

We have enthusiastic {dans for development which have created opportunities for two Consultants 

Senior Consultant Negotiable £24,000 

This is a key poetion involving pri ncipal responsibility lor the commeraalrindnatrial division. The 
Senior Consultant will both advise Members employed in commerce/industxy and develop client 
contacts with a view to improving the recruitment consultancy function. 

This is a d emand in g and rewmding poet for which we are seeking a pereon with senior accountancy 
pexsonnel/recruitmeiit experience and will ideally (but not essentially if well experienced) be a 
Chartered Accountant. 

Junior Consultant Circa £11,000 

Working closely with Seirior Consultants on prtgectB, particularly within public practice, he/she will 
build up knowledge and experience, with development to individual responsibility for specific areas 
of recruitment weak. 

We wish to meet enthusiastic individuals who have some familiarity with accountancy - possibly in 
a personnel or recruitment environment Training will be provided. 

Applicants must be motivated principally hyonr impartial “connseHh^arid 

assistance” renponsibiTrtv to members and he kpen l/i ranfa-iHitto tn n cmotl 
team within a bosy professional department * 

Contact, m confidence, John N.SeearfCA on (01) €28 7960 or at home on 
0234 720409, or write with a full c.v. 

atvntage ht not enartaL Sabiy 
CMjOOpa. Far dctfls d Am 
and many more vacancies lor 
oalbainart quaHW xouiMs 
and altar executive positions 
ptezz contact 

Pam BaSey aa 
01-625 9621 

Ucessfl BBDitwr SQAJ2S12. 

I I ill 4 II ,|J 

m iv-Tm TFuf 





Part qualifies preferred, 
coputorisad acounts. 

Ftnihae wdh mufit- 
currrency accounting. 
Sadary range 
£8300 - £9,750. 

liartiB Uvdjf. 
24-25, Scab Street, 
Unuioa W1P 1LB. 
Tet 81 5801954. 

Starting salary wifi reflect experience and potcmiaf 
and win be m the range of £9,000 - £12.000. Future 
satey will reflect ah^ty to nwei tire dofienge of the 

Please w rit e wit h fall cv. toe- Staff Manager, Nash & 
Co, 12 Sussex Sneet Pltmooffi. Devon. Or ring Mr 
Mosddl far an informal discussion an 0752 661202. 



Our clients a medium sized Legal Practice to 
trie City seek to appoint a young Accountant 
c ap a ble ot aspiring to Chief Accountant 
within a short period of time. High - Tech 
background essential. -The work is 
challenging and demanding and befitting an 
ambitious Accountant capable of 
undertaking responstoWy and working at 
Partner level 

Salary wefi in excess of £2QK plus executive 
benefits. Call Law Personnel now. 

X$iw ‘Personnel 

Stall speakers to the legal profession wotlOwule ” 
95 AKtaycit. London WC2B 4JF Tel 01-242 >281 
iansaphone alter office fiourel 


c£16,000 V/1 

An expanding Advertising Agere, '-virh a 
diversified.clienr base, ieek to aopomran 
Azcounranr. Pepornng io rheMonoging 
Direcror the/ ww be responsible for rhe - 
accouriririg and financial administration 
of rhe CDmponY As a special project they 
wiO have to introduce a comparer ised 
sysrem Applicanrs should be energenc 
and ourgoma rogerher wirh rhe 
necessary Technical expertise to asstsr in 
rbiedev'elc^menrof rhe company Please 
apply ro.- 

Chartac Recruitment Services 
institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales 
PO Box 433, Moorgate Place. London EC2P 2BJ 
Telephone 01-628 7060 


TEL - 01 -439 61 71 ■©■PWCADIllY 



£23 - 25,000 + Car CITY 

Consider this high profile role as a member of a close-knit, head-office management team, for an 
organization considered a by-word for innovation, ambition & su cce ss within die highly 
competitive world of television & video production. 

You will have a proven track record, either within the Profession or Commerce, ideally in 
acquisition & special project -work. This is a demanding role requiring a minimum of 3-4 years 
posi-qual experience as well as initiative, vision & the potential to progress sooner rather than 
later. . a 

Unquestionably this position offers the challenge, rewards & future prospects that only a market 
leader in such a growth industry could offer. 

For a confidential discussion & further details please call Stephanie Preston or Mary Ann 
Shuldham on 434 017S or write enclosing a detailed C.V. to The Hamilton Partnership, 
61 Oxford Street W1R 1RB. 



USSOTMTOIt Oisno Sales De- 
NitmaM. Mum mv*. dura 
EntttsD. Frawi, Portuguese. 
Sosntafi and Oattao Satan- n*- 
gonaM*. RH OI 805 4086. 

ercmrTMorr c o nsanana «• 

vetoP career tat awUll 

Bar busy wi C« rertltenc*. id 
wave and petroi alto a mot 
■s «* 9«od work record ktmliy 
. sill InlenWwer tn sues person 
/NesoUdor. Exceflent MCUOe- 
T«e 01-580 6373 dm /WS 2 
SS« 78 

Stammg 3 storey ttaftusa 
Ideal In eotenamlng at sereor 

Btacutm *«. 2 Recaps, (ft, 
4 Beds. 7 Baths. Cfcrtn. OUrty 
Rm. (My £450pw 
KW6HTSBfW)ffi, SW1 
Lovely ground floor Rat with 
Recto. .KlL .DHa- BM. Baft. 

j^OI-629 6604/: 




ta» Sena two# **» 
Door pSB *2\T\i tew 


>. l r 


SF r»yT APiy 5 1 ^ a deTOUt man w ho keeps faith ^ the old - time 

^“inning star of the 

' ’-'*1 



Bloomsbury set! 

"Vbu don’t have to be Vi rginia Woolf or Vanessa Bell 
but you do have to be a firet-rate Secretary to jointhe 
“Bbomsbuiy set” at ABM - one of London’s major 
Advertising Agencies. 

You'll need excellent skill s (sht and/or audio -r 
65 wpm accurate tvorngl plenty of com and 
sound coramracial experience to cope in the often hectic 
world of advertising. 

We have a Dumber of opportunities at varying levels 
of seniority for which your quick wits, resilience and sense 
of humour will equip you. So seize this opportunity to 
break into the Advertising business today - ring Tina 
Ttingham, or send a detailed c.v. to her, at: 

Allen, Brady & Marsh LtcL, 

Lynton House, # A 

7-12 Tkvistock Square, ff\ 

London WC1H 9SX. 

Telephone: 01-388 UOOl 


Wc arc a last expanding firm or estate agents with 17 
offices in West London. A vacancy has now arisen fora 

In our Residential Lcuings Division based ai Bedford 
Park. W4. 

The succcssfiil applicant should have exceflem 
secretarial skills, a cheerful nature, and be happy to 
work on their own initiative. If you fed you would fit 
into our busy, lively team please write enclosing a CV 
to: Margaret A. Gilroy. Personnel Manager. 273 
Chiswick High Road. London. W4. 

(No Agencies) * 




Excollort PA Sec req by ttto 
lomoifi fashion firm to work 
lor their Fmanaal Director. 
Superb opportunity for exp 
outgoing pereon. 

rayOOO pa. 


Ha n f i .1 — 1 « 

M si-370 1562. 


1 1 I PI WIT 20-26. 

nnoo »if- vrtBi acetmum 

perteww- PreXBtn Me. ..g 
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Ca PMn caralM 734-3768 

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(tine Marla M BH on ““ 
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££££?? »33S 

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rZLiMM wiann f. EXCWW 

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«»S 525BSSSS* 

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*£ rt *3S *£ 

Soooj ^ESrtteo* Bond S»«t 
(Rec Conal 01-629 1204. 


Off dentate an 'stearin out 1 be- 

E6JHQ -^tOitC^Sttp 3 mtottfl 
m tries o) pirillno you find 

Td 01*518 5858 
fee Cobs 

Open HwfiThHsmfl 8pm. 




urgently twjwred tor wy 
Posters ol top £«My 
mnzM and books. You 
trienay warn where your 

triemfly team where your 
BUUtfes to use a word 
processor, taka sho rthand 
and practice yourGennan 
would be greatly 

Write wkh M C.V. to: 


SfesssafB Hattn. 

1 Place. 

i 4TA 

rasmoH ice wt. exp uc wim 
S2»*l!oa^ Rusty SHiw^ 

rnLLoMQlctleirt lteWonto b^ 
and friendly Mmowhere. MU- 
ry cES-OOO. Rina Mart* m RPL 
an Ol 688 6722 (Mil. 

MCHUff »&»«<* »***”* 
vale HanOStrad medical 
nracTKr ScotiaM word pro- 

Saury iwoottanu. Td 435 

B/H lECKrUT. Are you «*■ 
MlWiWw posMon? Do you 
SUT ,2 moniM kU a®. 
CMd mc mus. warn £ 
in + tt e nero. Tue n it\ y -Awe* 
Mm. on Ol 588 6722 lAffVl- 

nnpa cU^OOf. auUTma 
muu uty to Mda brtflM PA; 

5*»»- *2*“> 9° g 

«yie and uma Mve. Prwmiii 
Secntaries 486 7877. 


s ss^srtjss s 


iOO/«^'«cret»rt*l — 

lay MODI ut> *w™j- 
wgwUng «nd tnfcW 

mffpf and Ideas in aro^U 

ame*. vow «* 

mo ken and wa*rUy .pr« ^gg?; 
(Decent «»>. CaUJan*' 
on 01-493 8B24 Jo dy 

F 6rou»««r^ t -(dO^Oansl 47 

New Bond Street- uaidon wi. 
MTOnoe DESIGN Wl. Becre- 
uSTsO/SO snorthand au«o 

2£ Wl 

mandtng but w W’ly 

boas. You m«rt y lahmi^iw- 

pabie. and loa My 


saeet are toofc Mjory lwy 
foe Human Rrmuco LJ m- 
£Ly teb with vari ety Wr UW; 
on 23+ with W»d >*w* 
SS«n?r + WP djWg; 
TOOi (Weal Endl I77^°0 

lOMW^S? ■ ™ 

SSrsasar^fl : 

RewSnwul Training 


cmmltkarlty ^ !??* 




Exparisnca for Chateea pri- 
eatBpraiica. Salary 
accortttng to expanerca. 

Ring 01*352 6351 
b etw e en 0 am 
and 12J0 l 

WTOnOK DeCUMTM reuulrw 


for MuBhBdrKMe. 
Mist drive. Some knowledge of 
ngopn. Call 246-6388 

MAimmMC pa wttli Italian A 
tvMna stub. West London. 
I9 jM 0+ CaUNaullaTED A«y 
Ol 736 9657. 

PA SEC with S/H for *£'>5 n £. 
Attend iwieUW «*»»- 
£12.000. 437 0326 Parque 

puBUSHMe Secretaries- Are 
you on our books? Coven I Gar- 
110 Heel SL EC4 

353 7696 


TECTS * Desumer*. 
Prmuwsd A lenworary 
podiun* AMSA SpedaMi HJ- 
cruumenl CanaUBO. Ol 734 



£ 11 , 000 + 

mn Mayhw Co. nx yres m dOT. 
^oj-oraineal arimrestrator to nn 
i E^somd and office "“J; 

^ ty to work oo own aWiati y? s m 
sense Of humour a msL DetaRs: 

01-499 9274 
Steve Nfifis 
(Rec Cons). 

ven ihe man's name, Abdul 
Qadir, has an evocative ring 
in English ears: it has 
j overtones of Eastern mys- 
■ icry and magic. As the best 
wrist-spinner in the world, Qadir 
relishes his plots and devious work as 
much as any villain in a pantomime. 

West Indies were left looking like 
novices in the first Test at Faisalabad 
when Qadir took six for 16 and they 
were bowled out for 53. 

Pakistan have won more than one 
Test in the past eight years through 

the baffling mixture of leg-breaks and 
goodies which Qadir can produce 
from his bag of tricks. Never before, 
though, has his bowling method — 
considered obsolete in most other 
countries - been rewarded by such a 
crushing victory. 

Onlv a handful of wnsl-spmners 
remain in cricket, most of them in 
India or Pakistan, and Qadir alone 
I commands a regular place m his 
country's Test team. Elsewhere they 
are considered a luxury since amtam- 
' meni was coined as a bowling tatme. 

And QOdir himself joined the virtu- 
ally extinct breed only by chance. 

He showed an aptitude for cricket 
from the start and was playing 
Alongside grown men from an age 
when in England he would still have 
been at prep schooL He was about 12 
and already finding it hard work to 

TEST RECORD; 39 tests, 9,932 
balls, 4,529 runs, 135 wickets. 
Average 3X54. Best bowling 7 for 
142. Five wickets in an innin gs ten 
times. Ten wickets in a mate’ twice. 

A wicket every 73.57 balls. 

Foil name: Abdul Qadir Khan; born 
Lahore 15 September. 1955. 

Test debat 1977-78 against England 
at Lahore. Best bowling tn Test 
cricket: seven for 142 against 
Australia at F aisalabad, 1982-83. 

open both the batting and the bowling 
for his college and club sides in 
Lahore when his cricket dramatically 

changed direction. rw;- 

To conserve energy, Qadir 
switched to spin in the nets and his 
team-mates were startled to findthe 
amount of turn he could get- They 
encouraged him to persevere with lus 
new style and his progress was _ rapid. 

In the local fashion, Qadir was 
taken under the wing of the Habib 
Bank, one of numerous Pakistani 
business houses and other institu- 
tions who run sides in the domestic 
first-class competitions. The Haoio 
Bank were just becoming a force m 
cricket and their captain, Abdur 
Raqeeb, a left-arm spinner, became 
Oadir's first mentor. As spinners, 
Sere was an empathy between foem. 
Later Qadir established a bond with 
the wicketkeeper, Wasim Ban, ms 
first Test captain. 

asim advised and 
guided me and above 
all he kept faith when 
thing s went wrong, not 
least on my first visit to 
England when I had a shoulder 
injury. I have never been ooacbedm 
the English sense l ^“1^ oUier 
players but mostly I wotkol every- 
thing out for myselfl I still Jeel I am 
learning every time I bowl- 
Oadir is a devout Muslim ana his 
- , i mifhnni hi« nraver 

is a 



«m jot* More XnM 
now on Ol M» Cj i 

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MtonA Ttnw un* W 1 


WmdhW Oo. Busy. * tavolvert 
poalilon to small 
gS"? «S- LW* LWW 

AtraON AWMSTANT. 25-25. VV 
lev n effujction wim a cco iamn- 
cy background ana IWW" 
mp entneg H ma inta in 
technical informal! on 
and UMw. PnsMl®* Co.. 
E« Si»n»9 »4l aMjgj. 
IXhonr 734 3768 or 4378476 
MUlCT McN»b B*c Coni. 153 
Oxford Strr*t. 

DUFF * TWOm* Uf9**d& ««J 
pernumcai * temporary rewu 

Harr u> work in itMdr 0*®' ««*- 

nuesne in in* dor. 

ring Emma Bullock ota 01-&ZT 



gulie assiiian* on 
ExccHmt typmg 5t>+ ; WPand 
good ukNnnc manner ve»v 
boEV job in met* ly nvd ^5™; 
pony In SW1 . XT 7 ^00/01- OCO+ 
bote. Call 01493 8824 Judy 
iTarquharaui Ud «« CotBi«7 
Now Bond Street- London WI. 

Oadir’s religion has a hand, too, m 
restricting the extent to which he 
capitalizes commercially on his fame 
as a cricketer. He is happiest away 
from the limelight, at home in fos 
new house, seeing as much as possible 
of his four young children, three sons 

and a daughter. . 

Second to Oadir’s religion, though, 
is a fierce desire for his country to do 
weiL "Pakistan’s victories always 

mean more to me than any successes I 

might have," he said. When omitted 
from a Test against India for .disci- 
plinary reasons, Qadir admits to 
weeping endlessly as he watched 
television and saw the P akis ta n attack 

Pakistan cricket has always been 

... ■ ■ - . _1 ann 

GeraU Broadhaad 

his pet dislikes. “I never want to 
cause trouble but there has to be 
justice" was his explanation tor 
several brushes he has had with 
cricket authorities. 

Two years ago he was sent home 
prematurely tam a tour to New 
Zealand after a clash with Zaheer 
though an inquiry later 

surprised to learn wai cL.aS 
favourite relaxation assu } 
elsewhere that he pliy*. ^ 

siandarf. He exchanges _ 

cricket field, too. A^ac eircu. 
punishment as a,. n -; 3 : >; * 
do noL rr-ind w«ne *' 1 / J \ 

Sometimes 1 give ! ? ur t.;Vv Vd v 
wicket or lest me ca^mu..- . 
not matter only wicr.ets- 1? 0 ;; 
seven for 142 agnsritt lJ ' i ' n ’ 

years ago we won ine ma.vfi b> ^ 

Qadir was imccrstaBa-b.. .l-J- 
lani to disclose his nc^ims —f-:-- 0 . 

. and strategy but soic nc ^ ™ 
diftercnilv about co-.vjrg ^ - 
laiicndcr or to Botnam.^ i - - i^lc- — . 

hard to set snyonc a-'-* 

e did -dx: _ 

\ariev-' of b-:ls ».e could^ 

bow! was ti-.e eisence o 4 
his skill.- i car. cr.i must 
b;.v\l diiferar.try ever* 
ball. It i* neccsswy; charge inc 
speed, the flight snj. 01 cc-urs.. i»e 

■ wh.-’-' 1 viS'.cn 

spin. win... - .. 

Sivaramaknsnnan. o! 
land, ihe Australian, th-: ttr.erenre . j 
think, from me is that :n-:y are 
mechanicul. There is r.ct 

” English spectator? ne :- season v.'il! 

see liule :r s 
bowling action. vhosL\ior::y. iv. Kling 
movcmcnis oi irun.-,. arms J2 
must make osiecpams '•.ince. i 
action evolved slowly ever 
and arouses more interiiL 
than that of any ewer powser sfixi 
Doug Wright's fcanaaroci ft’-V.icr 
Kent and Errand. Setore ^ccn cai. 
Qadir squeezes anu cares*-, 
and then holds ;i up tc -h. 
with his left haou retcre s’.^n. -i a ‘ 1:? 
semi-circular a 

As he ge».s cr.ii r way. tr.c . 
hand finger*, are Iiclcc ?na ms ^a- 
stroked nroiMKvsIy *.e ? >^ 4. 
is Ricked into the .ia., 
walks four, rather rriir.c:n_ c.-j 
before four more yincr? a^e cc^ - v- 
in prancing- spri-^y y 5 . ! >- 

reaches ihe wicket ie»t t ... 
front as if 10 ef.rac- *.« 
attention. The r.ght s.^ulue. aw 
truck contort, the vnst '.wist*: ana ...e 
bali whirls :hr:-ern ire yr. 
animated corkscre-v '-ou:c. c-cwi •>- 
differently. .. .. . . 

Qadir nudges nr. r::. 
weighed iCsi 51fc for mar.y : e - rs -j- ,, >. 
se\ crai Pakistani cnc:te,crs^- 
exists about his exact age. reference 
books have him tor: c-n 

15. 1955. But he na? recent! > jOW.- 

evidcnce that he r.r:buo!; ^ ~ 1 
year later. The: ucclo 

fany misconduct. 

Abbas, - — 
cleared him 

or a m fln whose English is 
, secondary language, 
u is remarkably articu- 
about his approach to 

bowling. “Like any from of 

art, as you say, bonding is a question 
of mood for me. It is a mental 
confrontation: you are trying to read 
the batsman: he is trying to read you. 
But most important is the mood. I 

L 1 1 41.. IfA.m/wvl ic nnT npht tor 

F or a mar 
only a « 
Qadir is 
late abou 

... .ha: wfJ.d h.avc m='-e 
him 21 when he played ;n e »» •*** 
Test in '.977-TS cjunsl 

Brearley’s England. 

In the second T«t a; 
took six :or 44 ar.u st was e.-yr — 
new star was rising m 
ambition was a.*ays u i--;-;.;.-; 
wickets but he now accepts 
is beyond reacn. utoi^h n- rt "-- , - s t0 
play for many years yet. __ , 

To date Qicir's ^ .--y :- a 

brought him S 35 wickcls i: 
each. It is nosewonay. .-.o. t.i** 
has the control to k ^ mtecrai 
of Pakistan’s one-day. team in ... 
limited-overs mierr ztior.a.s he n-s 
taken 47 wickets, a'-erage 2-6i. 

A remarkable bov.ler. ar.c ,ne y-^.s 

ahead will revea! whether ne a tto 
last of the line or ctr.ers - l« 

mm ^ ssssp- 

you tave enoi^ tebrf Sf^e^uestionnaire, beput hn- 
SSStMtaoSd SSy and bad makers do™ as 

any ica»uu — : , 

or something else on my nuno. 
Listening to Qadir, I was 

Richard Strss&a 


to me and I never forget that/ -- 

Athey and Slack make up lost groa 

^ — Reid and Matthews, Western a^taUy^ the pile _ 



al r«niany III aeflgmiu* 
Kensnffiofi rvwvrt office 

aood typBi/aa-roun«trr wiltux) 
to itituk In. E4 pw hour Hour* 

vuilrd io wtKam, P-UBini re* 

mu tun* weesurffe on 681 


The Tunes Classified 
colnraus are read by JL3 
lolliioa of the most affluent 
people in the country. The 
following categories 
appear regularly each 
week and are generally 
accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coupon (right), and find 
out how easy, fast and 
economical it is to 
advertise in The Times 



S 5 SSSSSl»* fc 

School ApppintmCTW. 

secretarial appointments. 


c— ter Hflriw« Com^ 


j topfc^ 1 



La Crime de h Creme and other 

SSSv'oSS. Renata, will. 



secretarial appoinlmODts- 


Motors A comptae car buyers 
euide with editorial. _ 
Badness to Brahms Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 



Overseas awl UK D®P^*S?v 
Viilas/Coitago. Hotels. Fli*hu 

From a Special 

England completed the 
fortnaUties of their Australian 
tour by beating a ^estera 
Australian Country XI by 11/ 
runs here yesterday, Athey mak- 
ing up some of the ground ne 
lost in Adelaide with a hand- 

^He will learn after todays 
practice whether it has earnea 
him a place in tomorrow s four- 
day game with Western Austra- 
lia. m which the batting is 
certain to be a pointer to how 
the tour selectors' minds are 
working as Uiey look ahrad to 
the Brisbane Test tomorrow 

W ^TTie Country XT bowling, like 
that of its P«decessorsat Lawes 
and Wudinna, provided no real 
test for intentauonal batsmen. 
Bui nobody can do more than 
dominate the attack acnaUy 
confronted and Athey. who 
opened with Slack, played flaw- 
lessly fortwo hours ana a 

** Depending on their reading of 
tomorrow’s pitch, ti^c ti^ee 
selectors: Gattmg, Emburey and 
Micky Stewart,, the manager m 
charge of cricket, may be 
tempted to give tiiemselves an 
extra option for the Test by 
making room for Athey through 
leaving out a bowler. 

Slack, his rival to go in m« 
with Broad, was also m good 
touch, timing, be ne [ ° n . 
sides of the wicket than in any 

Rebels gather 
in S Africa 

Kim Hughes left Perth yes- 
terday to captain flw second 
rebel Australian cncket mar « 
South Africa (Reuter reports). 
His lawyer, Stephen Otoj- 
Conway, said be would arrive in 
Soath Africa at flie weekend and 

join three teamm ates. Greg 
Shipperd, Terry AWenuan and 
Tom Hogan, already wre- 
The whole team would as- 
semble next week, ■o nto* to 
tbe lawyer who had suMessnuly 
handled Hughes’ Federal Court 
action against the West Austra- 
lian Cricket Association's ban 
on him playing dab cricket. 

Mr Justice Toohey last week 
nded that the WACA’s action 
was illegal under th e Tra de 
Practices Act and amomited to 

an unla wful restraint of H«nes 
trade as a cricketer. Oo Tues- 
day. the judge reserved his 
j ffirim on who should pay ftw 
the protracted legal battle. 
Owen-Conway said a decision 
was expected in a few days. 

previous innings before being 
caught at deep mid-on in an 
attempt to hit a six. Not for the 
first time, however. Gower 
found scoring too easy for lus 
own good, and was bowled 
hitting across the line after a 
number of effective but 
lackadaisical strokes over the 
bowler and mid-oft 

Reid and Matthews, Western 
Australia's two left-handed new 
hall bowlers, make tomorrow s 

match one of considerable 
significance. Matthews, who 
though 24. is playing only bis 
second full season of Sheffield 
Shield cricket, is building a 
reputation as a dangerous 
inswing bowler. His selection tn 
Australia’s 12 for Brisbane was 
not forecast, but on the evidence 
of Western Australia s first two 
games it was deserved, his 1 1 
wickets costing under 20 eacn. 

Reid, who is also in the Test 
XJL is 6ft 8in. Like Garner of 
theWest Indies he makes up m 
accuracy and bounce what he 
lacks in pace, and cuts the bau 
away from the right-handed 
batsmen. Both are new to 
England and it is hard to think 
that Slack, who was twice 
dismissed by Frei, also a left- 
hander, in the 
game, is looking forward to the 
confrontation with much con- 

Marsh, the opening batsman, 
and Wood, the captain, who 
made a patient 100 in the Trent 
Bridge Test last year, are West- 
ern Australia’s other present and 
past Test players. To England s 
disappointment, though. Marks, 
a recent team mate, has been 
omitted from the side to give 
experience to Mulder, a ~2year- 
old oflspinner who played six 
Shield games last season with- 
out establishing himself. 

Since England last played in 
Perth four years ago. Hi- 

dden tally, the pitch has been 
slightly re-aligned. As a resu,t 
the prevailing wind — the Fre- 
mantle Doctor — which springs 
up as though by clockwork every 
afternoon, now gives less assis- 
tance to bowlers from the sea 
end, blowing from extra cover 
rather than mid-off- New flood- 
lights tower overhead: ot 

Australia's Test grounds as 
Denness’s team knew them l- 
ycars ago, only Adelaide re- 
mains untouched by progress. 


;v l 


.-Tv *-.-,.-. c -jn 
V . ^ 

!--Jr . • 



li r - J, -J— » ’ 

Cnris Kc::h^o^ ito 
new player :rt Ansirc.’i s squj« 
for the first Yes: mat: ' 
England. S’.rar.- • -O 

Mickey S:s'»arL the ass-s-.... 
rv’iis'vr of the toensts. j-oj. 
Cezrs%^- Stcvar. qvc^r: 
Western Austrx.i u<l G, v *u. a 
room :n hii ar ‘ d , 

trcducei bin- to east#:: 

1 ;0 >:et Chris a lew 

1 , i- 


c WJ Atnay c Gate b Hutton — 

D I Gower b Hutuxi 

JJWHtafcerninoui «... 

B C Broad c Miter b Gate 

C J Richards not out - 

p A J DeF rates not out - 

Extras (lb 6. w 7) 

Total (5 wkts. 50 overs) 

tB N French. *J E ErrtBirey. N A 
and G R Dffley dW not baL 
FALL OF WKKETS: t-92. 2-173. 3-—.. - 
275,5-276. ... 

BOWUNG: Gale 1IMW2-1: Huflpn 10^0- 
|#-£Ftancls 10-1-36-0; Wafter 6-0 -Mm. 
ailed 5-0^150; WBUxvglcn 2-0-.Sfft 

.... 45 

-I managed 

.. 124 

gimcs ur. 


al&o o:£veo .or 

.... 49 

on w coLph 




uncappec pli 


12 tor the i.« 


start: nc to mo 

Geoif j-a«5 






S BuBed mw bDttey — “ 

D WeUngwn b Foster 

LSccfllc Bicftar® bBaburer-- 

MaSan»stF'en» BAmB 7- 

T Watdron b A#»y 

C Kerr c Gower b Athey — — 

R MWer nm out -- — - 

G Welker c W»y b DeFraras 

O Francis not out — 

D Gale b Gower 

M Huton not oul 4) 

Total (9 wW». SO overs) ■ - - 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-t. 2-65^3-91 . 4-92. 
6.07. 6-102. 7-128. 9-15V S-tSS- 
BOWLING: Dilay B-1.-23-1|.DeFr«taS / 10- 
0-42-1: Foster 10-2 
15-1: ' 


now rec$ v err - -i r — 

back mjyy. rc:um? 
iag nir.c res: ms.-.j*.-- b-» ‘h--- 
is'no place !pr »- ra; S 
mot*- Wiih 

feiiow • J'; - 

arm fast bowler, c';— r --‘ -■ 
die squad. En^ar.: *: J. • 
face 2 sine ci —u'-*' w-..c!i -•- s 
already Sound them wantmc or 
this tour. 

The success e-L ;n '-i - 
lenders D.r: :te:ciLcr ar— 

Harr.- Frei. ar.u ivuv.'. -l *- 
tralia’s Sen Pe.-l -.ror.. proo- 
abtv influenced she -x^iralian 
seiectofN* decision. b w 

AUSTCALW: |o: 30' • 1 ? r! 1 V 

D JO n«._G 

r^v=cv,... e 

I: Athe^f ID-0-40- 3; Gower f-0- £ -«. Ma sr.c .s. 

WBWSilT^ Essn-— - — - - “j ^ 

Firecrackers highlight World Cup 

.... .. k™ ,h«v tot iteroiBites wero not aimed fcst time th.s season t. 


THE worujwmo^^ 

, Q v^ur advertisement, wnttea on a separate 

column eentimetfC Court CtassifW Advfriise®a a _M*f!g [, • TiBW 




.Data of insertion. 

allow three working days prior to insertion toe.) 

From Richard Strectoa 
Two of the main mpblems 
worrying the World Gap ; or- 
ganizers in India and Pakistan 
^exi vear. unruly spectators and 
poor 'over rates, were m m 
their worst at Guvranwak on 
Tuesday during tto one-day 
match between ^2 

West Indies. peop^RTC 

injured, five of them needing 

hospital VKlttT5e ^I!!: ^ed °to 
int stages as officials tried to 

stop S ihe crowd hurling, 

firecrackers and other objects 

The West Indian ptoyf* con- 

firaied latcrtiratseveralof the 

bottles landing near them had 
previously been broken and 
^ere, in effect piectt of jagged 

W As weU as foe firecrackers, 

SSl and at least NO wotxfon 


over the high .fencing which 
prevents crowd invasions. 

Jackie Hendnks, the West 
Indies manager, is w m«t 
Pakistan Cncket Board mem- 

bens today w ask how they 
intend to improve crowd con- 
trol and security for the rest ot 
the tour. He will ask for umpires 
to be briefed to take the players 
offas soon as anything is thrown 
on w the field. He is particularly 
concerned about the three one- 
day internationals still to come 
in Sialkot Multan and Hyder- 
abad. Tension is higher at the 
limited overs matches and ute 

first between the teams, at 

Peshawar on October 17, was 
also interrupted _ by crowd 
disturbances outside the sta- 
dium. Police had to use tear gas 
at the end of the game to 
disperse demonstrators. All the 
grounds West Indies are playing 
on are Worid Cup venues. 

Apart from tire risks to the 
players, the crop’s agowat 
Gujranwala as dusk fell were 
ham to understand as Pakistan 
were mounting a challenge for 
victory when the match was 
halted! For a visiting neutral, it 
was incomprebensiHe w be 
assured bv Gujranwala officials 

that the missiles were not aimed 

at the players. It is just that 
people gel too excited and they 
over re-act," said one. 

Richards, the West Indies 
captain, had already told foe 
umpires that he would take his 
players off iffoe botde-throwmg 

did not stop. After a fojjtoj 
shower of missiles had tmpetwi 
Haynes at deep third man. 
Richards signalled to his teamto 
head for foe pavilion. The 
umpires and Pakistani batsmen 
followed a minute or so later 
and the officials agreed with 
Richards foal the poor bghL 
coupled with foe crowd’s behav- 
iour, meant that foe “^tch 
could not be continued. But the 
controversy did "o* 

After a long consultation with 
ihe scorers about the playing 

regulations, the pi res 
awarded foe match to West 
Indies, who now lead the five- 
maich series 2-0. The umpires 
invoked an experimental rule 
for calculating the faster scoring 
rate which is being used tor me 

first time this season in Paki- 

^Javed Miandad. leading Paki- 
stan, first claimed that the 
match should have been 
awarded to Pakistan b«au» 
West Indies had walkw off. 
Then he said it should have 
been ruled as an abandoned 
match. "There was no question 
of bad light, were m a strong 

position and weredetennineti to 
plav to foe last ball," he said. 
Miandad was more realistic 
when he appealed to spectators 
lo behave themselves at the 
forthcoming matches and for 
officials and police to enforce 
stricter control. 

TTiis untoppy match also 
highlighted foe difficulties of 
completing two Stover inning* 
in a day on the seb-coniinen; — 
a contentious issue between 
India and Australia 2 few wc?l« 
ago. Neither of them were ao«c 
to achieve 50 overs in foree-anu- 
a-half hours and West Indies, on 
Tuesday, lagged even frulher 

The •.*::cer : ; ii « 

Gujranw.’.'.a. vh:*:n. ! ur.^.^- 
siand. is t-i".- i-sre; j- 
the World Cc?. 
usual [> ccJcp'.e: 
deciding - r.::n .» 

Ur.d-T tits no"'’ . . 

Indies wcui- y. v ' : “ ** 

lhey^cre tf :ji.^^-;r.oy-r 
dunnj il'iitr 

sum 3.5- ■ , .... 

Th.: r;v. rtl? ,n -;..*- n 

uriini'itod •> •■■■ 



foiloWi. “i 

team vail 

• t -,* < 2 fiiit: 0- 


bv ;,v to: 

' V .j,- R <;r.r.C 

the e^vtv, 

-..t.; ri^V-' y. 

" s Fil.ivnn 

l.*. * ' 

bow'ed '• 

;r. r:. '.cr- .*rs :n 

the *•>.! 

22:~y: •; 


:: i.i. r.. ; 

19b ntn 1 - - 
.nLfrV y. - 

r.v'i. <*.i.t »ec 

comp ! i*attor 
dies cleiri'- ; 

ii oa. o Thei 
remain i - •-" 


Wes” in- 





which j 
x, ex- 1 
d rose j 
vth in 
is an 
of the) 
Dm 7 
t and 
ties is 

> mil- { 
-pen- | 
ed to 
not I 
: are 

1 es- 
£70 f 

1 to 

ad. 1 
ted | 

3Ut j 






wo a. 



Harvey to shine again 
on Professor Plum 


With Luke Harvey in the 
saddle. Professor Pimn is 
napped to win the Uxbridge 
Conditional Jockeys' Handi- 
cap Chase for the second 
successive year at Kempton 
Park this afternoon. 

Since Richard Dunwoody’s 
move to Condicoie, Harvey 
has become understudy to 
Hvwel Davies at Tim 
Forster’s Letcombe Bassett 
stable. Like Dun woody, he 
had a thorough grounding in 
the point-to-point field before 
graduating to National Hunt 
racing proper. 

Anyone who saw him part- 
ner Celtic Slave to victory for 
Forster in the main race at 
Chepstow on Saturday win 
not need reassuring that he is a 
young man worth following 
and certainly as good as you 
will find riding in a race of this 

Twelve months ago. Profes- 
sor Pium bad only one to beat 
in this race and started at the 
prohibitive odds of 5-1 on. 
But with Landing Board. 
Rouspeterand The Hoorlayer 
among the eight opposing mm 
this “afternoon, his odds 
should be much more 

Besides last year's bloodless 
victory. Professor Plum has 
won two other chases at 
Kempton. thus underlining 
the long-held contention that 
he goes best on right-handed 
courses. Last lime out. he wa* 
runner-up to Glennie at Her- 
eford. having won his first 
race of the season there. 

Any disappointment feh at 
the time has sandy evaporated 
since because his conqueror 
went on to win in great style at 
Huntingdon before going 
down most gallantly at 
Cheltenham. And on Sat- 
urday. Glennie will take bis 
chance in the Mackeson Gold 

Later in the afternoon, 
Pegwell Bay. a stable compan- 
ion of my nap. makes his 
seasonal debut in the Standard 
Life Handicap Hurdle but he 
is unlikely to be able to 
concede a stone to the Perth 
winner, Borleafras, who has 
been sent sonth on a long 
journey from the Lake 

On the corresponding card 
12 months ago. Josh Gifford 
won both the Standard Life 
Novices' Chase with Hubli 
and the Vauxhatl Novices’ 
Hurdle with Summons. Now 
there are grounds for thinking 
that be has the likely winners 
of the same two races in 
BaDymnllish (2.0) and Yeo- 
man Broker (3-30). 

The stable is in fine form 
and neither will have to be out 
of the ordinary to succeed. A 
winner of three pomt-to- 
points in Ireland, Ballymullish 
certainly has the right back- 
ground while Yeoman Broker 
ran well enough behind 
Harry's Double at Chelten- 
ham last season to suggest that 
a prize such as today’s should 
come his way. 

Brimstone Lady, my selec- 

tion for the TattersaHs Mares 
Only Novices’ Chase Quali- 
fier, was a pretty smart handler 
two seasons ago. She is now 
trained by Fred Winter, who 
considers her to be more than 
equal to this sort of chaBenge. 

Buxroqgh Hill Lad's youn- 
ger half-brother. Artful Char- 
lie, had little to beat on his 
seasonal debut at Carlisle 
where he duly landed the odds 
with ease. So, with the future 
in mind, it will be interesting 
to see how he feres at Stratford 
where he will be pitted against 
the recent easy Huntingdon 
winner. Broken Wing, in tbe 
De Vere Hotels Novices’ 
Chase. The fetter is preferred 
on this occasion. 

Artful Charlie’s stable 
companion. Buckfow H2L 
will also be fended to extend 
Jimmy Fitzgerald’s fine recent 
run in tbe first division of the 
Southern Cross Novices’ Hur- 
dle following that good win at 
Uttoxeter But here I prefer 
Dawn, who was not 
disgraced at Worcester re- 
cently when fourth in a good 
race behind Skygrange, Pala 
Chief and Parang. 

Hie other division should 
go to Keynes, who had some 
good form on the Flat in 
Ireland where be was trained 
by Jim Bolger. Running for 
the first time over hurdles in 
this country, Keynes showed a 
lot of promise in the Uttoxeter 
race won by Tartan Tailor, 
who was already a winner this 

for the 

i $•;?! i g 'j 
Y-. if }. k :A 


' v*? - •: ■’ 

.* i* t 

' « TlWfWlM m I I 

Burnt Oak puts in a fine leap on his way to victory in the Lionel Vick Manorial Hssvticap Chase at Newbury yesterday 

Ibn Majed puts Ten Plus in the shade 

W * . . - . -1 i_ — *■ — Z— ri. Cm ** 

Ten Plus, who went through 
last season without lasting de- 
feat, was well beaten by Ibn 
Majed on his seasonal debut in 
the Tom Masson Trophy at 
Newbury yesterday. 

Tbe even-money favourite, 
thought by many to he the most 
exciting jumping prospect in 
training, was off the bridle a long 
way from home as Ibn Majed 
bowled along in front 
Ten Plus could do nothing 
about it as the leader went right 
away in tbe dosing stages to win 

by 10 lengths. However, FuDce 
Walwyn, the trainer ofTen Plus, 
was not downhearted and Hills 
still quote the horse 12-1 joint 
fourth favourite for the Gold 

fourth favourite for the 

Cup despite the feet he has 
never jumped a fence in pnbBc. 

Walwyn said; "Ten Phis has 
grown and thickened since last 
year and has probably needed 
more work than I’ve given him. 
But I wouldn’t want him too fit 
so soon anyway. He looks even 
more a chaser now and 2 may 
see how be jumps — although 
I’ve no doubts — and run him 
over fences straight away." 

Ibn Majed, who had been 
beaten out of sight behind Ten 
Plus at Cheltenham last March, 
came here very fit from the Flat. 
His trainer, Chuck Spares, said: 
"He came home from Chelten- 
ham with his back oul He’s 
improved since last season. He 

next in the A T Cross 

Hurdle on Friday week and then 
the Long Walk Hurdle at Ascot. 

tbe Long Walk Hurdle at Ascot. 
The further be goes the better he 

picks up, and when he jumps 
fences hell be a Gold Cup 
horse." _ 

Peter Scudamore ami Fred 
Winter shared a 7-1 double with 
Malya Mai and Ulan Bator. 
Malya Mai’s recent Ch el t en ham 
race clearly brought him on and 

over Premier Charlie when tak- 
ing foe Marsh R»»nham Handi- 
cap Chase in style. 

Winter said: "Malya Mai is 
learning all the time and jump- 
ing better this season. This was a 
good performance. He's no star 

but there’s a decent race is 

Although none too clever at 
the second and third,. ; Ulan 
Bator, even money favourite for 
the Coterhorpe Novices' Chase; 
came to the from with doc to 
jump and then quickened seven 
lengths sway from Baflynem. 

Ulan Bator rarely got round 
last season but he is now 
unbeaten in two starts this rime 

It seemed significant when 
Gordon Richards sent Ran- 
dolph Place all the way down 
from Greystoke for the National 
Hum Bat Race and so it proved. 
This fine young horse started 7- 
4 favourite and had the race woo 
a hag way from home. . 

Fro® Michael Sjdj, 

; Santa Arts, QdBerab 

Not fir nothing fa CafiSornia 
fawn as the “gotten state". . 
With the arerwhilrafag strength 
of k» Ec ono my and its hw- . 
pcs petal mskhc, It boosts, 
wt ire yfa fagfr, the richest . 

**I?5S2rafa >■» year. 5,738 

fetw'wo Wd pfa will of . 
Sltumm w » mfflfen . 
MR tire* fa New York. A : : 
swrey rf Caflforpfa is 1983 •: 
showed that $LZ2ft£MuMft was 
bnemtdm the 27^3# tboreogh- , 
hab m Ate abet Etnas sad , 
hraamfatrahriafc raip fay ta go 
Mat or 5,978 people. - I 
As a rongfc estimate, facte are ; 
l3^ft»amfaMfefe9,SW , 
of them h aa el at Soots Anita., -i 
HtByrnri Park. Del Maramd .. 
tbe ether e n s ures reread Los * 
Angeles. The remainder are fat Z, 

. cbe au t re port of de state * ' 

S£rSS s - r&*Sft£ : 

adwr sacks fa the Sea Fas--) 

Afthwgb there is w off- » 
comae betting fa Gsfiforaia and > • 
the general tamest fa tbe sport * 
hr far leas than fa Britain, the t . - 
attnolanrrv are the envy ef ora-* 
desks of the coarse. At Santa 
Afata fa 1985* when the average 
arise per race was S45J0M, me •'* 
a v er a ge daily attendance was-t. 

32M2 ad hesangs baM : 
am the. pari-mutncl was i; 
S&9C73Z1- i 

Between 15 red 17 per cefa Is 1 
dafacsed frnra the different bet- ’ v " • 
tiagpoofa d epen d i n g on the type- 

anMaTfatB^bfiriM. / . 
fata dree ataast cMd shares ..v,* 
be tw e en the state, the racing 

MMVhtSflnwd KiK BlOM. 



By Mandarin 

1.00 PROFESSOR PLUM (nap). I 2.30 Brimstone Lady. 

1 30 A dam si own. I 3.00 Borleafras. 

2.00 Ballymullish. I 3-30 Yeoman Broker. 

By Michael Seely 

1.30 Adamstown. 2J0 BRIMSTONE LADY (nap). 

The Times Private Handicapper's top rating; 3 JO YEOMAN BROKER (nap). 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103H2I 0-0432 TTMESFOfW (CD.BR [Mrs J Rytoy) B Han 9-10-0 BWMt(4) W 7- 

230 TATTERSALLS NOVICES CHASE QUALIFIER (Mares: £1,873: 2m) (12 lurmars) 

1 1 03401R SAhOR WSS (OP Haydn Jams) D Haydn Jones 5-11-1 RDoowoody 91 3-2 

2 P44P43 AM4AOH GLOW (0 Hwtiuy) P BuOer 5-1 0-1 0 __ OMoer* 00 — 

s ren» bmltk: call {emema i ket/) Pat mcMt 6-io-io non-hummer 

4 3*11/00- BMUSTONE LADY (P Green) F Winter 5-1810 PSewtateore — F7-4 

5 80Q3P4 CELTKJ BELL (B) (4 WMnson) W R VYSfems S-1U-1Q. — 90 — 

6 3ZU220- EVBWOSONQ (Mrs Pru TowiwlByj Mn P Townshy 7-10-10 „ Mr PTowaatay *99 — 

8 4/400F-4 HOPERA. CHMES (Wa J Ouckatt) R Oekin 7-10-10 CJonaa BS 1Z-1 

9 33F00-0 MSWOOR (HAMOfO (P Hanmri) Mbs E Srwyd 8-10-10; BPomH 

10 000P/P-P NUUOR SYMPHONY (B WHKs) J Korwyt»l S-10-10 AJoom 

11 00211-3 MSS HIIUliA (M Hwdey) J FttaMMyes 5-10-10 -J Puny ntt c l Mhr M (7) — 4-1 

13 F333P4 PHBiCESS ISIS TO (C McCSntDcW BFbreey 8-10-10 JDogffHi 95 13-2 

IS 40MO-0 WOODLAND VIEW (fas D Harensraon) P J Jams 7-10-10 CMwn — 32 

19B& PMRAN21 7-112 E Murphy (4-11 fa*) J Cobtan 7 ran 

Results from three meetings 


Going: good 


Racecard number. Draw m brackets. Six-figure 
term (F-lan P-auOfid up. LkjnseaWd rider. B- 
broogW qqwt S-s8pped up. R-rofustdl. Howe's 
name (Blinkers. V-visOf. H-riood E-nwtWU. 
(^course winner. Distance winner. Co-course 

and dtetanco winner. SFtinten favourite in fatost 
race). Owner in brackets. Trvnar. Age and 
wenhL Rider plus any faowanoa. The Times 
Private Handkappefa rating, approxi m ate sterling 

good to w(L Apr 4, 17 ran) derew her nefar (oosmates stirrups w the fintewm 
(10-71 ran as though in need of race when 131 4tt to Joint Soweignw (10-153 at Utto* 
WES HAMAil 0^s was a decent »3id m an amateurs handicap hunJe last time al 

ran) demite her nefar ioosmgMs stirrups at trie OnatlMoa. HOP 
f ran wnw 13 4di to joM Sovereignly (10-1^ at Uttomiter on 

Going: chase course- good; hurdles course- good to soft 


3J» STANDARD LIFE HANDICAP HURDLE (£2,679: 2m 4t) (13 runnars) 

1 313- PEQWEU. MY (Maj A Bartow) T Forster 5-11-10 H 

2 14Z32-3 LAWMKGSOAHOfOBF) (Mrs P Harris) PW Harris 8-11-7 OSkymafE) 95132 

3 11CP-I2 PROFESSOR PLUH (CB30 (^ks C Mathasoo) T Forster 13-1 1-7 C Haney 37 F9-4 

d P0041-1 ROUSPETER(E YotfigJD fflehoton 9-1M pex) W Humphreys 98 3-1 

5 013UPP- WALNUT W0M1ER (R Hickman) R HUanan 11-112 BDawHng 87 10-1 

6 00)033-0 MR PEAPOCK (CD) 02 Randle) T Helen 10-10*13 SunnSw Owster<5) *9910-1 

7 0P22-3O LOLLIPOPMANfM JorWsl J OW 10-10-10 CLtewWyu 0712-1 

8 223241 THE FLOORLAYBIO (Beauty Floors Ltd) JH Baker 8-102 MBoeriby S3 92 

10 0D2O-OP MBH8RlDGE(PDuioSBB)PDutoS88 11-102 CWtefen 98 — 

11 034PF2 RlCHMEDEaqiPJ Jones) PJ Jones 13-10-0 TUM(5) 

12 340-000 SHOTAHB (D) (R Ramsey) MPNeil 11-102— — — M Aheto — — 

1S8S: (2m) PROFESSOR PLUM (2-11-10 M Bosley p-S lev) T Faster 2 ran 

1 313- PEQWEa BAY (Maj A Barlow) T Forster S-ll-10 H Davies 8812-1 

3 2/33212 MOUNT BOLUS (CD) (A Sandman) D Oughton 8-112 HRewe «99 92 

4 1023410- HGEE (P Kearney) J Sayers 5-11-3 P Doable 94 — 

5 3120- ca.nCFLAaC(MraQ Godfrey) PW Hams 5-112 RSfrrmge 8810-1 

7 4109-01 MAN OTHAOlC (B) (C Andrews) K BeMy 5-112 f4e>4 J Mast (7) 881V2 

B aaois/u SHFimWeiaV(MMrtMy)J.lanlrtr«> 1(M 

9 341211- HOW NOW (EHoUng) Mrs JPfanan 5-10-12 DdeKam 94 0-1 

10 33311-1 BORLEAFRAS (D) (Murray Athol bwestments Lid) □ Uattatt S-13-11 — 98F72 

11 00-0000 DUSKY BROWN (D}/T King? Q Omcsf 3-70-7 BPewWI 87 — 

14 012P2 ACflAKMOHT(W Seal) J Old 4-10-1 CUeweByn 87 — 

15 002221 MOU-OAFA (M Pipe) M Pipe 6-HH) NDewe 97 8-1 

18 3313- FOOT PATHOL (Miss L Evans) PCwvM 5-102 AGonoan U — 

17 34MP3 BQI OLLEY (A J Biggiey Lag D Bawortft 4-IO-Q Cflrown 9310-1 

19tec ZRCOWS SUN 62-12 C Cox (100-30) DLaing 5 ran 

$6W) million in 
prize money 

UB (2te 4f ch) 1. MALTA MM. ^ 
ScMteBree. 3-1): \ premier CharM (R 
Baggsn, 7-1); 3. Vein Of Protea s e (R 
Dmmody. 132 far). ALSO RAft 72 

(P Drew, ta-ij. 

Sulhem. 12-16 3, 

rah. 4L 4L 2 l test MsL F Winter ct 
Lamboum. Tote: 2330; 12100. SIM. OF: 
£730. CSF: £2120. 

fat She Uiittd States ss ti-, 
whole, the overall tn al tar t .* 
fast year « the 10<U»0 horse* . 
fa tnfafag was 

Tie prize rareey mfaUeina 
S660 reffifao. This gate the-. 
o ve rag e owwar almost m 2-1 ^ 
drawee of fa ra tfa g «■» eoareO 
pared with 9-1 fa Britafa. 

The rest of the StSr*p la;-. 
egreRr dSferent 6ire Ereop*. ; 
The 27-da* Oak Tree ranting at >» 
j Area finished re Tne»< : • 

i day red the whole caravan hat- , 

; now moved to HoBywood Part *. 

Racing started yesterday and.' 

: wEB orntfane re*2 ChrisOnas. ^ 
Ned Drysdale, aged 38, is a 
rnncal example of a swxeariol ’ 
Bkifish marine onfoael and mat- - 
ter ^ Imdmnnda fa Seaex he 
leaned hfa trade the hard way. : 
He worked with horses fa . 
Florida, Argentina aad Yen-.' 
waih, before embaridnR on ; 

FARM M0UWT BOLUS (1 1-6) hiaigrignibutwffl got witten2)ii of Crim (10-5) Here on OciobBrt8lh( 
runin 2. £2825, pooo, 14 ran) wfetfaSKrBncfWN(10-t(9 ahvays to Hw pack end orewdangmO 
BN3S (10-1) put ip Ms osstparlonnincB over coune and dtatenba baraig Ace Of Spin (it’2) WK28 
good. Jen 18, 15 ran). HOW MOWJ1 1-121 beet Golden Barard (10-5) 31 et Udomter on Me Grad outing I 
season 2m, £685, good. May 15, 1 srari). BOTLEAFRAS (1 1 -5) made Mi of dte running when a 1 0 winner o 

i rnj iTHTuil 

J J&5>- 

SpecW Sauemenf (1 0-1) fei A fast time at ffarih fast time (2m, £822; firm, Oct 9. 5 rai3 AGRA XWQHT ww a 
rBspecabteBtri to Araaro at Vtoreoster on seasonal detHfc test term (10-10) won at W o horhampiontw 2) from 
Met Officer (11^) (2m. £1185, good. Mar 14, 1 7 ran). fiKHKDAFAtlO^beat Basement (10-10) a head at Wax- 

3L30 VAUXHALL NOVICES HURDLE (£1,615: 2m 4f) (13 runners) 

4 DF002 BOSWOflTH BAY (C Taylor) G Marks 4-10-10 

_ B da Hare 85 92 
RO im m W f 98 8-1 

— M Ptento 88 6-1 
~ JDugmn 72 — 
T Jarvis — 7-1 

— H Davies — 1Z-1 

1 Yaonan (7) 


— GMoere 

SSbenaoud 81 — 
_ BPowm 72 8-1 

— RHowa OMF5-2 
NDm K 10-1 

m 1968- Then he was assi st an t 
to Charlie "Bald Eagle" 
Whfttmghai for foar years and 
he ran a private stable for 
Corbin Robemoa before setting 
up as a pnbfic trainer fa 1983. 

Drysfalered bfa wife, Iuger, 
an accomplished equine photog- 
rapheE, five in a rredi-atyie 
house. He won races oa, 
Breeden’ Cnp Day fa successive 
years, wkh "Champion Older 
FBly" Princess Rooney in 1984 
and with ^Champfan Two- Year- 
Old Coh" Tasso last year. 

He finished Utb in the 1984 
frafacra’ fist wkh earnings of 
SZ4 mfifioa and 12th last year, 
with $2.7 mfition. The owners of 
the 59 horses fa his charge 
fadade Maktoam Al Malctema 
and SheBA Mohammed. 

More stable staff 
than in Europe 


1 MIFFS- PAN ARCTIC (D) (Mrs R 89) T BUI 7-12-1 

2 340120 AIMETTE*S DBJQHT (D) (J Wenmen) T Casay 7-112— — ; 

3 222102 JUST ALKK (CD) (S CMOS) M H Easttnby 7-112 

4 0-21124 THE WELDER (p) (R Y<des) C Jackson 6-11-7 

7 1222(2- TAffY JOMES (P Hayms) M UcCormadc 7-112 

9 23001 -U MAIHNA STAR (18 (C Sandoraori) O O'Nea 7-10-10 : 

10 O41-10P OAKLAM) JASON (D) p Davfas) l^s W Sykea 8-102 

11 MW 0I2 CtgSTNUT PCTCE (Of (I BteWon) P Pritehard 11-10-1 

13 POOP-44 PALATINATE (G Hartigonf) G Hartigan 8-102 

15 4P2-211 SEVB4N SOUtB(J BratMyfJ Bradley S-UM)(1 Ore) 

1985: CHASM B-11-10 R Fbsey (72) walwyn 7 on 

RCanfi 82 — 

Steoore 8210-1 

LWyre 98 8-1 

fl Hyatt 94F9-4 

— P Breton SB 8-1 

_ JStebwn •» 16-1 

SMorahuml SO 12-1 

— DCNnn 95 10-1 

90 — 

— G Havre 94 3-1 

1.15 SOUTHERN CROSS NOVICE HURDLE (Div t £685: 2m) (17 runners) 

3.15 ARCHIE SCOTT GOLD CUP HANDICAP HURDLE (£3£D& 2m 6Q (14 runners) 


P Barton 

- RCmnptjai 

J White 

— NCbtanrai 


~ GMeCourt 
. HrAHanuty 

1 on 8UCX2J3W HILL (D) (N NuttsB) Jkrany Fttzc/enM &-U-5 MOnynr 

3 0 BALLASAYLE LAO (A WtMehoad) Bex Carter S-IO-12 P Barton 

4 0 BAOTAN (I CarapboS) I Carapbe* 6-10-12 RCnapbol 

6 CARVWG KNIFE (Capt T Foraar) T F0«Wr 4-10-12 J White 

15 OOF- EVERY DflWr (U KleW) R Ntedar 4-10-12 NCUmn 

11 GENERAL SPRITE (North Waa Racing) Mss A Pumiaa 4-10-12 BWrigM 

12 GRAND CELEBRATION (Excria Ltd) H Shnpson 4-10-12 GMeCourt 

14 O-PPO LONDON WVOIOWS (A Hamfay) A Hambly 4-10-12 Hr A Hanmiy 

16 00^2 MT SON MV SON (WHmmorr)S*Mtar 5-10-12 GCtartaaJonaa 

19 24322-4 RAMADI DAWN (L Thwariss) F Walwyn 5-10-12 K Mooney 

20 OP- RWER TROUT (J Tnytor) C Trieitna 5-10-12 J Suttwcn 

22 02 WATCH TOWER (5 GteZflr)R Curtis 4-1QU12 MHoM(7) 

23 MALAlNCnON (Mrs D GMO Mrs M RJrne* 5-10-7 Tlffn-ifrwl 

24 IW SHTS STAR IMre V f=orM) J Forte 4-10-7 Mt-THBcMI (7) 

26 00- PADD1TS SjOSS [Lbs E Jonas) Eari Jonas 5-10-7 SJCTHWH 

27 0 POETS DAY (M BoalieM) hto, s OOvor 4-10-7 Jacmd Oliver (7) 

29 0 VULGARIS (Top ind Man Ud)P Davis 4-10-7 Mr M Rfchante (7) 

1S8& KARNATAK 4-10-12 S Mondmad (7-2) J Spooring 12 ran 

1-45 HAWKES BAY TROPHY HANDICAP CHASE (£2,113: 3m 21) (11 runners) 

F Walwyn 5-10-12 

tettna 5-10-12 

- K Mooney 
_ JSuttmn 
, M Hotel (7) 

1 00003-0 

2 FQ20-13 

4 0110F- 

5 3/01020- 

6 tWMJUD- 

7 000-024 


10 0O2D20 

11 01432F 

12 0/00P4O- 

14 2-42333 

15 fiOOD-20 

16 22/D* 

17 003010- 

CHARLOTTE^S DUNCE (Mis N MasteRttto M H EBSMrtiy 6-11-10. 

WYE LEA (CD) (G Jotawon) <J Edwards 7-11-6 

CROW DE GUERRE (J Shaw) MfsJPkman 5-11-3 

LADY TUT (D) (Twycross Froaen Foods) TBB 8-1 1-0 

ISt^fTLSSURE (CQ) (R GuoBwpa) F Jcadan 7-10-12— _____ 

COUNTY PLAYBt (Mrs H Knott) C F C Jackson 9-10-1 1 

OAKLEY HOUSE (Lady Attkan) F Walwyn 7-10-10 

TIGHT TURN (R From) R Rfost 7-10-9 

BALLYWEST (P Axon) R HoO^cs 8-10-7 i 

SUPER GRASS ((3 (Mrs M MchaaQ S Mafior 7-10-5 

WBJL COVERED (G HamMon) R Hotfrahaad S-104) 

AtePegjPn— -Mr1Uw.rSEJnn— 

STAnRDROSMHE KNOT (C Nasfa) C Nash 11-100 

CONNAUGHT CLEAlCItS (C Brattiarton) C Vernon MHar 6-108 _ 


P Barton 

— - M Pitman 

R Crank 


R Hyatt 

— SSMatan 

— SEarteW 

— JSnteam 

— GMoCenrt 

— K Mommy 

230(an fidWI, ALrALAM OH Dwyer 
Ik 2. Oaten Bay (S Johnson, 50-tk 

WMtworth to 
go freelance 

Cochrane at 
the doable 

1S8& WHISKEY EYES 4-10-9 G Chains Jones (4-1) S Metier IE ran 

3.45 SOUTHERN CROSS NOVICE HURDLE ^Div II: £685: 2m) (17 runnere) 

1 3P3PD4 OALESBUSG<D?<ft JenfcsiNGasoieor-12-2 H-R Jerries (7) 

3 101243- A BOY NAMED SK3UX (S Steimns) S Stevens 6-11-1 PnterHnhba 

4 P/0 SECRETARY GENEHAL (M Ptften) H Hodges 11-10-13 

6 . F34113 LORO LAURBMCE (CtXBF) (Mrs L Deetey) D Gandotio 7-10-8 S SmUfa Ecctea 

7 43/0000- Wt BOLE (D)/MraSGN) Mrs SGJill-TO-7 ! A Water 

8 PPPO-40 COLONEL CHRISTY (CD) (R Keen) H ONe« 11-105, GMcGomt 

9 30-23U3 AFRICAN STAR (Mrs L Bertram) fl Frost 8-10-3 J Ftaat 

10 0P0P00- ROGAHUO (M Popriam) P Baaey 10-10-2 _SMorahend 

11 0030F-0 R.TWG MISTRESS (T Baa) J Wottoor 8-lM GMmnagb 

12 P43130 PRMCELY LAD (T Sivtter) M Tate 8-10-0 Use T Davts [7) 

13 F0U32-4 WOODLAND GENERATOR (Mss M Prmco) P Prileriaid 7-100 DChten 

1985; CRACK A JOKE 6-10-13 R Crank (84) T m 4 ran 

2.15 OE VERE HOTELS NOVICE CHASE (£2,607: 2m 6f)(14) l 

1 0441-1 ARTFUL CHARLEY (H Grtftiri) Juremry RtsgerakJ 6-11-5 M Dwyer 

2 011-331 BROKBM WING (Furiong Bro Ltd) N Henderson 8-11-5 S SraMti Ecctoa 

3 010114 HADOAKfC Lawn) BPaft9 5-11-4 CEvana(4) 

4 00 DOUBLE up (Mrs P H ar graavaaj Mfa P Hararaeras 9-11-0 jWMta 

7 00-2S04 FOXE^S CASTLE <B)(K Dunn) K Dunn 8-1 1-0 — 

9 0WP-20 M=0(AFo3W)fcttss A Fumsa 5-11-0 B Write* 

10 33P0D/P LUCKY VINTAGE (Mbs M Prvwcrt PPritehert _ DOwm 

11 OP300-3 MASTERPLAN (Mrs W Sykes) MreWSykss 9-11-0 SMOTbnad 

12 PF3-FQ MUXL0W (R WHtams) Mrs R WflUtams 8-11^) MrSAndrawt 

M 04 SPARTAN ORIENT fit Gaddes) J 3 King 10-11-0. NON-TOWER 

M Dwyer 

SSntiUi Ecctes 
— C Evans (4) 

2 » CBlllE am. IMS 8 TaytoOS Manor 4-11-0 MttantoBUn 

4 00440-0 BROAD WOOD (P Axon) R Hodges 4-10-12 

8 P QALLOIS BOSOUeT (T Bartten) C Pophem 5-10-12 JSutfaam 

10 2 KEYNES (□ DoDscn) J Jankins 8-10-1 2 JWNM 

13 0000- MR QRAPffRWT (R Lambert) A Mghtingaia 4-10-12 M ~~ 

14 4 NOTHUG BUT IP Pnwwrt J H RWmr _ n 

17 P- RAIWB (Mrs A UpsdelQDWMden 4-10-12 

19 004-304 WALRmi SANDS (Mrs C Wefcti) J Spaarino 4-10-12 PWwner 

20 0- WnNOUT(DCowB^U Tate 5-10-12 CSotiB. 

21 0 ANtTA’S APPLE (A Nemeth) P Felgatir 4-10-7 SJetanson 

23 CHANCE PARTNER (Mrs L Harries) Mrs M Rraen 4-HV7 a Stivpn 

24 00-4000 LADY KILLANE (R Jonka) N Gaseiee 4-50-7 A Adams (7) 

25 MORPtON (P Oaw) Mrs E Komard 4-10-7 p mcttmrH 

28 0 - PERSIAN pri nces s (Mrs J Partite) Mna A Hewm 0-107 M TflTann 

27 0 RELUCTANT OFT (O Gendolfoj D Gandollo 4-10J 1 T Wootiey pi 

28 0080 SHAHOAROBA (Mrs A HoBy) 0 HoBy 4-187 . . ItePMmwr 

29 WESSEX HABTT(P Barnett) T Forster 8187 GMeCourt 

198& ROYAL CRAFTSMAN 811-5 S SMiston (3-1) MS N Srttfi. 10 ran 

Simon Whitworth, stable 
jockey to Kim Brassey for tbe 
past two years, will tide as a 
freelance next season. Brassey 
will nmbeietmmDgajqckeyin 
1987 after a disagpofaung sea- 
son in which his 55 horses 
collected just 17 victories. 

Whitworth, aged 24, will still 
ride for the Lamboum trainer 
when available: . He said: “I 
think it will help both of us — 
often I had to miss attractive 
rides in big races.” 

His 28 domestic winners this 
year include Sneak Preview in 
the Northumberland Plate and 
he has also won pattern races in 
Germany andliily. ' 

•Hello Gypsy, the winner of 
three races on the Flat this year, 
collapsed and died after the 
Shifnal Novices* Hurdle at 
• Wolverhampton yesterday.. 

Ray Cochrane stole the day’s 
riding honours at E din b urgh 
yesterday with a 16-1 double on 
North Ocean and Reform 

North Ocean, : who had 
r reached.the frame in five of bis 
six previous races, finally 
opened, his account, in' the 
. Tennems 80 Shflling Ale Stakes. 
Tbe colt Led inside the final 
furlong and won easily by- Ife 
lengths from. SpringwetL 
A spokesman for the winning 
trainer, Luca Cumarii, said: 
“North Ocean has suffered wrth 
bad knees aad this is his first 
time over 1V& miles.-" 

Drysdale explained his 
organization: “We - bare to era- , 
ploy more people per horse than- 
in Enrope. I have a staff of 45, - 
faefadfag an assista nt aad a ; r, 
secretary." ( XncMen ta H y, the - 
majority sf stable staff fa- 
Cafiferafa sore wetbacks, Qtegaf- 
Mexican immigra nts, who have 
s w am tiw Rio Grande rathtr A 
than wait and reply for dtbash-* 
ship. So all trafaere have to be 
finest in Spanish). >- 

**I bare seven groDDts atSanta. '-' 
Anita, who look after four horses .: 
each, and then we have sir work- * 

riders and six bot-mlkm a.;- 
cbolera-doinL The rest are ei-J: 
ther at Hollywood Park or at-£ 
Galway Downs.” The exercise 
riders represent the cream are,:* 
are paid S325 to S350 per week; .! 
tire pooms get S275 and the het^ i< 
walkers Si 75. ij7 

“The sport is good for owners-^ 
rat . here," Drysdale said. 
have to look at what a horse h 
likely to win compared wit h tea m 
purchase price, with the stamps 
at the top end of the marfcrtWv 
retidatl value is adf a second- « 
ary cousideratkm, except, 
course with a very expensfae at , ... 
well-bred aufauaL Tbe S50,00fr i 
purchase fa the key bwse." 

Drysdale prdinrred not 
comment on the eclipse of » ? 
British-trained horses «.■' 
Breeders' Cnp day. “It fa impose- 
sflde te graeralfae. The game aj 
tiie same the whole wood oWjnj 
You get fost-rre races, sMh 
ran races and febeij-ran races,^-- 
just as in Earope. Every trefaBT/-" 
has different methods and mow-* 
people would he s urprised at the. , 
easr gallops we give 

Reform Pri n cess, trained by 
Mick Ryan, shook off a 71b 
penalty when gaining a three- - 
length victory from Miss Black- 
thorn in .the Tennents 
November Handicap. 

16 D224/U3 WINMARIE(B)(MAusan)NAyBHa 811-0. 

17 008 RNE RAISE (T Ramsden) R Sinpaan 81813 C 

32 E2?!^^ r- ^ J ^ SMa,0,wo - 13 aa>* 

19 U001-02 STARS AIB) STRIPES (R Frost) R FroM 7-10-8 

1985; BOLT THE GATE 8180 G McCOBiT (M) D WHams * ran 

„ DCkm 


Course specialists 


Mrs B Jones 
F Walwyn 
Mrs J Pitman 








S Moore 






K Mooney 













7 • 





S Moraiwad 






SSmBi Ecctes 



. 11J0 

A tnor of the bam area af »• 
Santa Anfita with its 2^00 bexesf-.- 
was as entertaining as it 
instinctive. The (foes ofwashig ^ 
imoBUtd - that many . of . the. <L 
Mexicans dept in Be 'sfafe 
And I Eked tire sjgn ootside the , 
lavatory which read, “Men, 
-dogs. " Offenders will 

Thfa h the land of At poor ae,r<- 
..well as the rich. As a Clyd® 9 *,?.- 
dale-dnrwn catch driven W .4 
whke-oockaded horseman, 
ted tfisdafaftifiy past a potfflM," 
horde of jostling and swearing. » 
pgg ter s in tire cheape r cam - j t . 
sores, a tfay Mrifcra meaee. 
sitting on her hunkers * 
comer, comphuned from 
an ratriae straw hat “Win— Wt.j • 
never Trio. TWs ain’t racing* ^ 

Afi hone-players die fawe. 

; J:’."? : ' ' 




Graham’s corner have 
sights on Barkley if 
Hagler loses his title 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

^™f 10n wasjua being given who for yeare had ploughed 
u v;_ j ■ jj. . , ® agree to boxing Leon- bis way round provindalnalls 


that bad Mark Kayfor punch- ham as welL 

j”i“K TuCSday Bighl al ~ n »‘ ®=2BS Hagler will be 
Wembley. stripped, you can nut the 

Befpre gomg m to defend rubber stamp on that. I had a 
u h* utle. Graham was told that talk with James BransTtoe 
X the tout was a final eliminator WBA legal adviser last 
for the World Boxing Associ- night” Eastwood said. ’ 

^ .(WBA) tide" wfocb SSi. ^ct 

wuW l be declared v^ant after vagueness about Graham's 
Marvelous Marvin Hagler was next opponent. It could be an 
stripped for not complying American called Iran Barkley 
wtj the rules of the world who had come from nowhere 

, and pushed Hearns into third 
The opponent was to be place in the WBA rankings. 
Thomas Hearns, the former “Barkley is one tough, touch 
undisputed world light- fighter” Mickey Duff Easfc- 
middleweight champion, who wood’s matchmaker, said, 
was looking to moving up to Eastwood was quite haoov 
light-heavywrighL The date with the new jwiringTbS 
pencilled in by Mike Barrett when it was suggested tha t 
was January 10; the venue only Hearns and Hagler gen- 
W 22 te E « i erated Che money, the top 

Yesterday Hagler was still table nodded their heads and 
champion. Graham’s man- agreed it might just be possible 
ager. B J Eastwood, however, to pay Barkley a little some- 
was snu convinced that thing to step aside and let 
Hagler would be stripped -on Hearns back m. 

December 15. The world Graham, the “country boy,” 

Leonard in perfect 
physical condition 

New York (AFP) — Sugar 
Ray Leonard, who meets 
Marvelous Marvin Hagler tor 
the world middleweight tide in 
Las Vegas on April 6, is in 
- perfect physical condition, 
. according to doctors who have 
examined him to decide whether 
he is to box again. 

Leonard, aged 3ft, the former 
world welterweight and figfar- 
. ■ middleweight champion, retired 
from the ring in 1 982 on medical 
advice to undergo an operation 
on a detached retina in his left 
eye. Bat the doctors confirmed 
that the boxer, once regarded as 
the best pound -for- poand 
boxerthere has ever been, has no 
. . retina problem, and Leonard 
‘ I confirmed: ** I'm fine. 1 wouldn't 
fight if I wasn't.” 

Dr Edwin Flip Homanslti, the 
medical officer for the Nevada 
State Sporting Comnnsshm, 
gave Leonard the green fight to 
take on Hagler nnder WBC 
rales, over 12 rounds, after a 
thorough examination last week 
and he said: ** A patient is a 
patient. We went abont it the 
^ same way we would examine any 
■= person. My condos ton is that 
Leonard is in excellent physical 
health. There was no finding to 

R redode this fight in tire stale of 


Three eye specialists, among 
them Dr Lords Angfoletti, aa 
expert on retina problems, were 
chosen by Lloyds of London, 
who are insuring the contest, to 
submit the former champion to a 
stringent eye examination. Dr 
AngMetti said: 'The weak area 
of the retina was completely 
reinforced so that, in my opin- 
ion, (here is less risk rtf' farther 
retinal damage. 1 do not think 
that Mr Leonard would be 
subjected to any unacceptable 

“If I thought dime was a one 
per cent chance that he was at 
any greater risk to have damage 
done to his eye, I wonkf sit ban 
down and say: “I don't think yon 
should fight.” Leonard quipped: 
My eyes are fine. Look at 
Hagler's eyes. They have been 
swollen more than my eyes ever 

Leonard is already assured of a 
payday of some SZ1 ariBjoa, 
whOe Hagler will collect a 
record parse of $12 miBiott pfus 
between SO and 75 per cent of 
the receipts ever and above 525 
milBnn. a deal which could as 
ranch as treble his earnings. Tbe 
promoter. Bob Aram, believes 
the bout couM net around $100 

tbe opponent was so long as it 

was me ongnt ugais. iva ru- 
rally, I want Hagler, he is the 
man to beat, but ul can't have 
him I'll fight anybody" 

Barkley, Hearns, or Hagler, 
it is almost certain that the 
January date win be missed. 
Graham sustained a small cut 
in his boat with Kaylor that 
needed two stitches. It could 
mean a six-wed; lay-off, which 
would leave Graham with too 
little time to prepare for the 
most important bout of bis 

Eastwood said he was dis- 
appointed in Graham’s train- 
ing for Kaylor and it is highly 
unlikely that will rush into a 
world title bout without ade- 
quate preparation. 

Graham will have to be 
much more accurate with bis 
blows against any one of the 
Americans than he was 
against Kaylor. 

Graham seemed to be trying 
to do two things at the same 
time; running and hi tting 
Only Leonard has mastered 
the technique of hitting on the 
retreat Graham's blows were 
often either well beyond the 
target or well short of it 

It was disturbing for his 
comer that be was never able 
to connect solidly enough to 
pm Kaylor on the floor as 
most boxers seem to be able to 
do these days. Eastwood gave 
him seven out of 10. My 
marks would have been five 
out of 10 and a can-do-better 
note to take home. 

By tbe seventh he was 
putting his shots together 
rather better and caught 
Kaylor with good combina- 
tions, and was smart enough 
not to overstay his welcome 
and stay to lunch, tea and 

Kaylor certainly had had his 
fill by the eighth. He looked 
unsteady on his feet, like one 
feels stepping off a stationary 

The West Ham boxer said 
that he would be moving up to 
super-middle — 12st — a kind 
of ok! colonels retreat where 
they can relive their Sidi 
Bammi days. 

Really, the boxing board 
should have a serious talk 
with him about his future and 
persuade him not to become 
just an opponent for young 

Bamford adamant 

W that he was right 

9 pace over 
joint team 

By a Correspondent 

Inertia, rather than enthu- 
siasm, is being shown by the 
administrators of cross-country 
'* in Britain towards the ruling by 
the international Amateur Ath- 
letic Federation (IAAJF) that, 
from 1988, only a joint team 
may represent them at the world 
" championships. 

At its meeting in Athens last 
July, the LAAF derided to end 
the anomaly whereby one of its 
members, die British Amateur 
Athletic Board, has for decades 
been sending four teams — 
representing England. Scotland, 
Wales and Northern Ireland — 
k in each of the three categories, 
w senior and junior men. and 

Instead of welcoming this as 
an opportunity for reform and 
the chance to set up a national 
distance squad (as advocated by 
Frank Dick, the national direc- 
tor of coaching) the response of 
the domestic authorities has 
been disappointingly lukewarm. 

Suggestions made by Tun 
Hutchings, the secretary of the 
International Athletes’ Club, for 
the formation this winter of an 
England squad have been re- 
buffed by the English Cross 
Country 0 nion. 

It was Hutchings who. six 
months 320. pretided over a 
meeting of many of the preseal 
England team, plus seven for- 
mer English champions, which 
called for a squad system with a 
more flexible method of team 

a The meeting agreed that the 
traditional mud and guts rune- 
mile national race just three 
weeks before the seven and a 
half-mile international was 
detrimental to their perfor- 

Hutchings, who won his sec- 
ond national championship last 
March, looks upon this winter 
as “a good opportunity to 
experiment” before the British 
team Is established “There area 
number of runners who are 
interested in the squad, which 
would make it an attractive 
proposition for sponsors, he 
saw. *’but The ECCU has re- 
jected our suggestion." 

Basil Header- En? 3 ™ I 
team manager and a national 
and international champion j 
years ago. says the ECCL is 
indeed committed to a squad 
system, and points to the fa's* 
meeting of the new junior group 
at Loughborough just two weeks 

Bui he d3ims it is now too 

laic for an England squad to be 
Usefully established lor 
the present season. 

At the moment, the cross- 
country unions are having raws 
with the BAAB. and Heatic* 
intends to speak with Hutchings 
and other senior runners at uie 
Gateshead international later 
this month to discover their 

It took Maurice Bamford 150 
paces from the Old Trafford 
dug-out to the Great Britain 
dressing room to decide what he 
was going to do, and he made up 
his mind only in the Iasi few 

Along with 50,000 others, he 
had seen Great Britain thrashed 
38-16 by Australia and knew 
that the inquests were about to 
begin. He also knew that when 
be got back to the dressing room 
he would find 15 men with 
bowed beads, some with tears in 
their eyes, still trying to work 
out what had gone wrong. 

“1 counted every one of those 
paces,” Bamford told me. “I 
knew it was all the time I had to 
make a decision. I was going 
back to a dressing room full of 
men whose confidence had jnst 
been shattered. They went out 
on to that field believing they 
would win. It fell apart and they 
were licked by tbe world’s best 

“What could J say that would 
lift them up restore that 
confidence in themselves? Only 
one decision could do that. I had 
to make them see and believe 
that l still had confidence in 
them. That is why I told them, 
then and there, that it would be 
the same squad of 17 for the 
second international at EOand 
Road. I saw the confidence 
coining back into them from the 
moment I said it.” 

When Bamford revealed his 
decision at the post-match wake 
in the Press room, jaws dropped 
and eyes blinked. Since then he 
has taken a_Iot of criticism for 


Keith Mackfin { / 

letting his emotional loyalty 
override his judgment. 

“They wiH not let us down 
again. We can’t make the same 
mistakes again. The players will 
have gained in experience and 
now know exactly what to 
expect firom the Australians. We 
can come back in the second 
match just as we did when we 
beat New Zealand last season.” 

Bamford says there will be no 
change in bis training scheme or 
in his game plan for Saturday’s 
international. “There’s no need 
for a change. The plan was all 
right but tbe players did not pul 
it into operation. We have to 
move tbe ball wide, lock ac- 
curately, get among them and 
tackle. We did none of those 
things at Old Trafford.” 

call in Dunn 

Paul Dunn has won the 
vacant Australian prop forward 
spot for Saturday’s second inter- 
national He takes over from 
injured pack, leader, Steve 
Roach, and is one of two 
changes from tbe side that won 
tbe first international 
AUSTRALIA: Q Jade M O'Connor, B 
Kenny. G Mtes. D Shearer WLewte. capti 
P Staffing; G Dowtnfi. R Simmons, P 
Dim. N OaaL B Netting, R Lindner. 
Reserves: T Lamb. M Matings. 


Rods for one’s back 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

Fishermen on Loch Awe. the 
famous trout loch in Argyll are 
involved la a cause tx&brt- Some 

of them are accascd of fishing 
with six or seven rods at a time. 

A Scottish correspondent iff 
die Treat ami Saimaa mg m aa e 
says that tbe Loch Awe 
Improvement Associa tio n re- 
gards that as an abuse, and is 

threatening to apply for a 
protection order, which wmrfd 
mean Hcences and controls. The 
Scots look upon licences to fish 
as an intolerable abuse of free- 
dom, so me can i m ag in e the 
high feelings involved* 

Tire mufti-rod fishermen seem 
to have gone a Bttie too far In 
provoking the Improvement 
Association. They are also ac- 
cused of cutting down frees 
lighting fires ami fearing utter, 
and of comnitfiag other offences 
which are not specified but are 
omiaoiisly described as “BMP 
serious”. A plea that It was 
necessary to fell a tree to make 
room for back casts would not go 
down well with the Forestry 

C ommissio n and from the other 

preliminary accusations either 
the Procurator Fiscal or tire 
«*«>♦» ='-** — 

or both, might also become 
involved in tbe case. 

What is perhaps of Interest to 
those not directly concerned is to 
point ont that for any man to fish 
six or seven rods at a time is no 
mean achievement. Tbe carp 
fishermen of England sometimes 
fish with two or three, la game 
fairs and tournaments one sees 
fly casting champions using four 
rods at a time to show off thefr 
skills, bat that seems as for as it 

An angler who can fish with 
six or seven rods at once with the 
prospect of catching six or seven 

trout and playing them aO 
simultaneously certainly has 
above average ability. He canid 
perhaps be going for indnaon fa 
the record books like the man 
who invented a mach in e which 
fired 20 shotguns at a tone at 
fields foO of pigeons. 

All the same, when one visual- 
izes tire scene on Awesife, the 
banting timber, the cans and 
paper tittering tbe banks, and 
those other more serious of- 
fences, whatever they may be, 
one realizes (hat we are forts- 
Rate to Imvingaa organization to 
protect one of the loveSest lochs 
Hi Scotland. 

Graham hopes to gee as close to a world title boat as he is to his girl friend 


Cudmore’s flying start is 
ruined by fickle fortune 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

/ Ate Sailing’s fickle 
god turned his 
: race against Har- 
V /■ old Cudmore 
» A yesterday. Just 
- . 'As 24 hours after 
'■■"amm the British 
captain's historic win over Can- 
ada U, an accident to a crew 
member and then gear failure 
wrecked While Ousader's chan- 
ce of a big win over America Q. 

On only the second tack after 
crossing the start-line weD ahead 
of the American boat, a flailing 
genoa sheet flung the powerful 
winefagrinder, Mark Rushent, 
against the winch drum. Ru&b- 
ent, aged 24. was badly winded 
and comptained of severe chest 
pains. He was taken below, laid 
on sailbags and given pain- 
killers. He spent tbe rest of the 
race there before an ambulance 
met White Crusader at the 
dockside and took the forma- 
rower to Fremantle hospital 
where he was detained with 
suspected broken ribs. 

Eddie Warden-Owen took the 
injured man's place on the 
winch handles. “We can’t blame 
the defeat on this accident but it 
was very much part of a day of 
bad luck." a syndicate spokes- 
man said. "These boats are not 
easy to sail with 10 men." 

In the blustery conditions of 
18 knots plus, the British did 
remarkably well to overcome 
their short-handed disadvantage 
and stay six seconds ahead of 
John Kolius at the top mark. 
Two legs later, on the first reach 
out to the wing mark, the 
spinnaker pole lined and then 
bent double in the stiff breeze. 
As the foredeck crew struggled 
to get the useless spar down on 
deck, and the spare out of the 

sewer, the yacht reached on for 
over two minutes with the pale 
white spinnaker not boomed 

Kolius, at the helm of Amer- 
ica Q. was 40 seconds in front at 
this point. He looked back at 
Cudmore's situation and 
hoisted a protest flag. IYRU 
rules require a spinnaker to be 
boomed out 

At the wing mark, the British 
were lmiu 1 5secx behind. Their 
spirits must have risen when 
they saw two crewmen up the 
lower matt of America II. 
apparently working on the luff 
of the sail. However, the prob- 
lem must have been minor since 
the American yacht did not 
appear handicapped up tbe next 

Al the end of the second 
reach, Cudmore suffered a fur- 
ther mishap. The ha uied -down 
spinnaker fell off the fbredeck 
and into the big sea. The halyard 
and sheets bad to be cm and 
White Crusader's tender later 
recovered the sail At the second 
leeward mark, the British were 
lrain l&secs adrift They man- 
aged to pull that back to 54 
seconds two legs later as they 
rounded the buoy again. But, at 
the finish-line, the Americans 
bad it by one minute exactly. 

“It was disappointing not to 
win but there’s no doubt we had 
equivalent boatspeed to the 
Americans," said Graham 
Walker, the British chairman. 
"The modifications to White 
Crusader have obviously been 
significant and in that respect 
we’re very happy." 

It was a sad letdown for 
Cfrdmore, having won tbe start 
against the Cup favourite, 
Kolius, and matched him boat 

for boat up the first beat. 

The day's other big race was 
between New Zealand and 
French Kiss where Marc Pajot 
remained in touch with the New 
Zealand yacht until the final two 
legs. Both boats flew protest 
flags after some tough and 
aggressive pre-start 

manouevres. None of the pro- 
tests was upheld. French Kiss 
seemed to fly downwind and, on 
two early runs and reaches, she 
halved the 30 second lead. 

Italia continued her slow but 
sure improvement, mopping up 
the middle order players. Aldo 
Miagticri won a close race, the 
lead never exceeding 40 sec- 
onds. against Canada ZL 

muwl, fourth day. (Suoject to protest): 
America H(U S), 3hri6min50sec. WW*e 
Crusader (GBj, 3:1750. Winning margin: 

Italia tm. 322:55, M Canada II (Can). 
3-23:32. Winning margin: 37sec- 
Stare and Stripes (USI. 3:12:01. M Heart 
Of America (US). 3:1051 . Win w in g margin: 

USA (USL 3:1557, bt Azmrra (If). 3:1955. 

WtoM m^b: 3:5a 

Eagle (US). 3:1 £24. M Chafenge France 

& *d no! finish. 

Zealand (NZJ. aifrIO. * French Kiss 
(Fr). 3:1833. Winning margin: 223. 



America U 15 1 31 

New Zealand 15 1 31 

White Crusader 11 5 23 

Itaha 10 8 22 

Stars and Stapes 13 3 21 

U5A — 10 6 18 

French Kiss 7 9 15 

Eagle 6 10 14 

Canada II 7 9 11 

Heart of America 4 12 8 

ChaBanga France — 2 14 2 

Azzurra — - — 1 15 1 


Heart ot America v EmIb; New Zealand v 
Azzurra: America II v Canada II; ChaSenoe 
France v French Kiss: USA v White 
Crusader Mafia v Stars and Stapes. 

Mitchell’s Recipe for getting 
cauti ®“ to top of the heap 

rewarded From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

By Barry PSdkthall 

Hairy Mitchell the sole Brit- 
ish entrant in this year’s BOC 
angle-banded round-the-world 
race, reached Cape Town early 
yesterday morning ecstatic at 
completing the first leg of this 
27.000.miie journey and look- 
ing forward to the next heavy- 
weather stage through the south 
Indian Ocean to Sydney. 

The 62-year-old from Ports- 
mouth, who entered this event 
to fulfil a life-long ambition, 
crossed the line in nineteenth 
place, his cautious sailing bring- 
ing him in ahead of six rivals 
counted out by sinking, capsize, 
iiyury and dismasting. 

Mitchell observed: “1 said 
before the start that this race 
would be Hke a war of attrition 
and I’ve been proved right If we 
lose so many boats on this first 
leg, bow many more are going to 
be knocked out on the toughest 
legs to Sydney and Cape Horn?” 

Mitchell, the oldest compet- 
itor in the race, and sailing one 
of tbe smallest boats in the fleet 
said on arrival that while he had 
taken it relatively easy on Ihis 
first 7, HXMniJe sage from New- 
port Rhode Island, the last part 
of the voyage had been a race 
against time. ”1 bad to get in this 
week in order to play in the 
cricket match on Sunday” he 
joked to the race chairman. 
Robin Knox-Jobnston, who has 
volunteered to teach lfre French, 
American, Czechoslovak and 
Finnish competitors the rules 
before they play against a South 
African team at the week-end. 

Though Mitchell's 4 1 -foot 
Double Cross was slowed by 
torn sails and a cracked boom, 
and a fault with his radio left 
him out of touch with the res! of 
the fleet for three weeks, be was 
looking forward to the next stage 
- although il wjjl probably pose 
the biggest test for all the boats. 

Before that, he enjoyed a close 
race he had with Mac Smith's 

American-entered Quail o, and 
tbe Japanese boat Madonna, 
skippered by Takeo Shimada, 
until both were forced to pull 

Mt« -v^iilpror 

Richard De Vos intends no 
slight on the America’s Cop by 
bringing his second-best boat to 
act as tiie New Yak Yacht 
Orb’s floating headquarters. 
Ent er pri se HI is 40 metros bog, 
can host eight gnests to four 
staterooms and is op for safe at 
US$5.9 million. 

Enterprise IV is seven metres 
laager but is busy m the United 
States entertaining De Vos’s 
easterners and staff 

The co-founder and joint 
owner of the w or ldw i de direct- 
selling organization Aurora y, De 
Vos is also the chairman of 
America IL the New York Yacht 
Club syndicate. He is no New- 
port 'hearie', just a successful 
businessman who likes to race 
his own J5 metre yacht at 

His explanation of bow he got 
to toe top of toe heap is prosaic 
bat graphic: “You giro $10,000. 
Then SMneoae comes across aad 
says would you giro $50,000? 
Next, it's would yea be finance 
director?” The vice-chairman- 
ship aad finally the top spot 
came tbe same way.“There you 
are three years later and you're 
in for tens of thousands iff 
dollars and you Ye the chairman. 
A series of events and yoaVe 
totally immersed. It’s the pat- 
ten of most people’s lives.” 

De Vos has a theory, wed- 
thooght oat, that most of os 
sever make (fig decisions, ft is 
jest a string of little ones that 
add op to a definite answer. The 
organization of the America II 
administration owes a lot to the 
De Vos world view. He came in 
to dean np the mess after 
syndicate politics had deposed 
two chairmen in the early days. 

“The syndicate was pat to- 
gether by one gny. Chock 
Kjrsch," De Vos recalled. “He 
got it off the ground, broogbt tbe 
first players together, Arthur 
Santry fed in the Interim, sorting 
things out. then I came to. They 
asked the guy who knows least 
about ft to do the job. 

“The first business F ever 

school right after the War— hot 
1 didn't "know how to fly. 
Sometimes a business is best if 
you don't know all those things, 
then yon can concentrate on the 
team — as opposed to tbe 
chairman having to know about 

•ailing, <afl mannf«ftnn > anri all 

that stuff. 

“The chairman's real job is to 
co-ordinate all the experts, get 
them on the team and raise the 
money to make it all happen.” 
America II have been singularly 
successful at that. Three big 
corporate sponsors, Cadillac, 
Newsweek and Anraray. pies 
nazneroas affluent iodiridinls 
have underwritten a $13 mfllhm 
budget that has since expanded 
to to excess of SIS million. “It's 
the continuing cost of research, 
escalating shipping and han- 
dling prices” De Vos said. 
“Nickel and dime stuff. Tea 
thousand here, ten thousand 

A priority with die syndicate 
administration has been to keep 
fond-raisiag pressures off 
Kolias and the senior crew 
members. They worry only 
about going out to win races. De 
Vos makes a contrast with 
Dennis Conner, off to look for 
new sponsors in California in the 

break between races. 

“We all know what type of 
energy ft lakes and the price 
yonr body pays for all those 
hours flying to the States aad 
back," De Vos saysTBct tenths 
of seconds, those are the mar- 
gins of victory. A little bit of 
alertness, a sail goes overboard. 
How do yon read?" When ft 
happened to Conner the other 
day he cot the genn loose and 
made himself vulnerable to a 
Kiwi protest for not finishing 
wftfi all the sails with which he 
started the race. 

De Vos is a political animal. 
He is a former chairman of the 
Republican National Committee 
and a major fund-raiser for 
RonaM Reagan. Overtures hare 
been made to him abont running 
for office tat so far be has 

Snooker’s rising star in profile 

Ambition is the 
driving force 
for Mr Clean 

Neel Foulds had a ren-in with 
the law recently. “Yon can’t 
park that on the kerb, son,” a 
policeman said, eyeing the 
offending BMW dariiiy- "And 
I've spoken to yon before, 
haven't I? I recognize yonr face.” 

As well be might. Not because 
a young tongh keeps falling foal 
of tbe parldng laws in Romford, 
but because Foulds is the latest 
bright yocmg thing of the 
snooker world and to this TV 
age that means fame. Members 
of the Essex constabulary ex- 
cepted, few sports followers can 
fafl to know that Foulds, aged 
23, won his first major tour- 
nament this season, ranks fourth 
on earth, and is thinking seri- 
ously about becoming world 

Which is qaito a thought. In a 
market that has everything from 
white knight Steve Davis to 
black sheep Aiex Higgins, is 
there really room for this former 
insurance clerk from Perirale? 

“I’m just not 
extreme enough” 

“Oh 1 know Tm in no 
ntan'sland at the mo meet," he 
said. *T don*: think I'll ever 
manage to be the bad boy of 
snooker. 1 don't take drags mid I 
don't drink enough. In fact the 
last time I got drank was on 
champagne after winning the 
BCE international this year in 
Stoke. No. 1 don’t think I could 
ever be hated for any particular 
reason. I'm jnst not extreme 
enough like Steve and Atex.” 

Apart from his possession of 
extreme talent and dedication, it 
is true that bis head is es level as 
the green baize tables be spends 
half tos life leaning over. He has 
a wife, a son. a mortgage in 
Ealing and affectionate mem- 
ories of tbe one and only time die 
glamour went to his head. 

He was 20. in his first year as 
a professional and in the first 
round of the Embassy — 
snooker's superbowl — he bent, 
of ail people, the flamboyant, 
.dissolute Higgins. Suddenly 
Foulds was a star, hounded by 
the Press, willing victim of Fleet 
Street's relentless qoote-ebasing 
charge. And then be tost in tbe 
very next round to Dong 
Nioontjoy. **I came right back to 
earth,” be said. “It was tbe best 
thing that ever happened to me.” 

Bat that is probably not true. 
A more likely tuning point 
came at tbe age of 12 when be 
accompanied his father Geoff, 
now a professional himself, to 
the old, seedy and now-demoi- 
isbed Bond Street snooker hall 
in E>Hng , Frozen with fascina- 
tion, Foulds junior watched the 
game for hoars nBta be took op a 
cue in earnest himself two years 

“Td arrive heme breathless 
from school so that I ootrfd race 
down to the snooker hall I got 
snefa pleasure from it, hitting the 
hulk as hard as I coaU, tire 
sound of them going into the 
pockets. 1 didn’t hare giri- 
frieods, I missed ont on football, 
1 even daydreamed to snooker” 

“Actually, I like 
watching snooker" 

One of the rea s ons for his 
spectacular rise may have some- 
thing to do with bis ma nager . 
Barry Hearn, who master- 
minded the recent snooker 
breakaway leagne. Fotrids re- 
gards tbe galvanizing, mara- 
thon-rsnning Hearn with 
obvious amusement as wefl as 
admiration. “I couldn't be like 
that,” he raid as Hearn cracked 
a bottle of cha mpag ne on the ran 
between meetings to celebrate 
nothing in particular. ”1 like to 
pot my feet np aad relax. 
Actually, I like watching 

Modest living seems to suit 
Foulds, especially since he ap- 
pears to have an exaggerated 
sense of his own imimportaooa. 
He admits that being to toe 
same seven-man stable as the 
neon-lit att ra ctions of Davis, 
Thorne, White, Taylor Griffiths 
and Meo daunts mm. “On ore 
last trip to the Far East, tbe 
players all called me ‘Sflent’. 
They were having a tittle dig 
because I was so quiet. 1 know I 
most smile a bit more and make 
an effort, tat they’re personal- 
ities. How can 1 compete with 

Not badly, Hearn thinks. 
“His potential is not in doubt. 
He’s promising to be world 
champion, and be’s never bro- 
ken his word to me yeti,” 

But neither has he broken 
through the snper-snooker-star 
barrier — yet. Passers-by still 
come up to him in the street to 
guess who be is. 

Where have they seen those 
steady pate Mae eyes and 
slightly crooked-tooth smile be* 
fore? Usually be puts them ont 
of their misery. “I fry to he 
nice,” be raid. “I still remember 
how wonderful ft was when my 
hero, Gordon Banks, gave me 
his autograph.” 

But, lest he shookl appear a 
recruit to the Steve Davis school 
of pore driven snowiness, Foulds 
admits some hardbitten am- 
bitions. He wants to be estab- 
lished, world champion, finan- 
cially secree — and known, even 
to members of the police force 
(traffic division). Finding a legal 
parking place for toe BMW can 

Sue Mott 

Neal Foulds: aiming for number one 


Professional riders can 
compete in Olympics 

By Jenny MacArthur 

The International Olympic 
Committee have confirmed that 
professional riders will be able 
to compete in tbe 1 988 Olympic 
Games al Seoul providing they 
renounce their status and as- 
sume the role of non-pro- 

This is on a “once only” basis 
— riders can revert to being 
professional after the Games 
should they so wish but they 
cannot then become amateurs 
again for any subsequent Olym- 
pics. No horse bearing the name 
of a commercial company or 
product will be able to compete 
at the Olympics. The new ruling 
is in accordance with the present 
eligibility rules of the Federation 
Equestn? Internationale (FED, 
the sport’s ruling body. 

In fact the new FE1 regula- 
tions arc so liberal that it makes 
Imle difference whether a rider 
is an amateur or professional. 
Riders can have all the benefits- 
of commercial sponsorship 
while remaining amateurs, as 
demonstrated by Michael and 
John Whitaker, sponsored by 
Next, and key members of the 
1984 Los Angeles Olympic 

Tbe one stumbling block in 
the FEI regulations is the ruling 
which prevents Olympic parti- 
cipation if a rider teaches other 
international riders. 

Harvey Smith described the 
new ruling on Olympic eligibil- 

ity as “just authorities saving 
(heir faces”. He. along with 
David Broome and Malcolm 
Pyrah, turned professional in 
1972 when Britain decided to 
put its house in order and make 
a divide between professionals 
and amateurs in the hope that 
other countries would follow 

The failure of the other coun- 
tries to do so resulted in 
Britain’s top riders being barred 
from the Olympics whOe most 
of the foreign top riders were 
still eligible. 

Pyrah who. together with 
Nick Skelton, would have been 
likely candidates for tbe Los 
Angeles Olympics had they not 
been professional said yes- 
terday from New York where he 
is competing with the British 
team, that he would consider 
taking up the option of becom- 
ing a non-professional if he had 
the right horse for the 1988 
Olympics. But. in his view, this 
change "should have happened 
several years ago”. 

Whatever the riders' feelings 
about Britain’s attitude towards 
^amateurism over the last de- 
cade the latest change in the 
rules for Olympic participation 
has come about lately through 
the efforts of the British Eques- 
trian Federation, who have 
made repeated representations 
to the FE3 on behalf of the 
professional riders. 


7.30 unless saied 


CENTRAL LEAGUE: First fflvisten: Aston 
villa v ManctBSEf Cny (7.0/. 
football cowawAriON: ensnton u 


FA CUP: Fourth quoBfying round: Thud 
Wto South wlek w M&dstons. 



BOWLS: CIS UK singles championships 
(ai Presonj. 

SNOOKER: ft* a Bntsh Open quaHymg 
tournament (at Conference Centre, 


TSIrtllS*! T«"I — — 




Cherishing an era of effortless excellence Yorkshire squad 

History may be bonk, bat in 
tennis it is just abort all that is left 
for (he English to cherish, as a 
couple of books remind us, though 
more of that in a moment. 

Our present players staler from 
one ignominy to another. It is 
symptomatic that last week, prior to 
yet another eclipse at the Albert 
HalL many commentators were 
eagerily disinterring Virginia Wade, 
who was not even playing for 
Britain, because at 40 she provoked 
a greater sense of well-being than 
any of those who were. 

The United States seem happy to 
continue with the YVigbnnan Cup. 
and why not: what better nm-ont for 
their second team? Britain peren- 
nially hopes for the scoreline Canute 
1, Ocean 0. yet the competition must 
be a disincentive for national 
recruitment. counter-productive to 
morale, and a false promotion of 
sob-standard talents. 

What can be done for Britain? 
The game's most ardent devotee, 
Dan Maskell. keeps reassuring 
everyone that from what be sees of 
the development of young players 
there is light at the end of the tamel, 
but I suspect we ought for that to 
read -dranneT. The light seems far 

Poor Jo Done is in a hole of 
despondency from which recovery is 
improbable,' while it is difficult not 
to feel that Annabel Croft would be 
better described as a model who 
plays some Air tennis rather than a 
tennis player who does some model- 
ling. .such is her apparent 
preoccupation with appearance and 
alienation to sweat. Her enthusiastic 




Chief Sports 

parents might be advised to cot her 
hair to the length Ann Jones used to 
favocw, to pot her in a pan- of Angela 
Mortimer’s shorts, and start again. 

Ability to hit strokes is not 
enough. Successful modern tennis 
players need, like all sporting 
achievers, a combination of skill, 
character and girts. Shortco mings in 
any one will undermine yon: witness 
McEnroe's vulnerable character. 

Buzzer Hadingham, the WnaWe- 
dou chairman, was saying the other 
day that perhaps all young players 
should be vetted not only for tennis 
technique hut for athleticism, to 
ensure that they have the physical 
attributes to go with baric court 
craft This is what they do in 
Czechoslovakia, mid is a principle 
long applied in the development of 
girls mid boys in totalitarian 

East Germany switch competitors 
from sport to sport, gymnasts to 
athletics, and so on, Cuba converted 
Jnautorena from basketball to 
athletics. Borzov was programmed 
by the Soviet Union as a sprinter 
almost from the cradle. 

What a far cry ad that is from 

British traditions of effortless ex- 
cellence over the past century. 
Hadingham was talking at the 
launch of John Barrett's celebration 
of Wimbledon's centenary (*% 
There is also available, for those 
who wish to browse in nostalgia, 
Roy McKetvie's remarkable cen- 
tenary history of Queen's Club (*). 
Each is an invaluable soda! docu- 
ment as much as a sporting record, 
not least for toe wide compilation of 
photographs and ffiostrations from 

various archives. 

What distinguishes both accomts 
is that the authors have contrived to 
make their histories an absorb in g 
recreation of the mood of different 
eras. Barrett, by ramhimng in an 
mi complicated way events on court 
against a background of the wider 
world, gives a picture of tennis both 
compact and informative. 

As a former Davis Clip player and 
captain. Ins judgment of abffity 
gives, to those years of which he was 
a personal witness, a condensed 
analysis of a profusion of cham- 
pions, whether he is talking abort 
Olraedo, the Peruvian- American, 
Hoad, Laver, Borg or McEnroe. 

There is nothing better in the 
writing of spot than first band 
experience of the game. Barrett's 
narrative — with snch asides as Jean 
Borotra entering the ladies' dressing 
room in 1926 with his head covered 
by a towel in an attemp t to persnade 
Suzanne lengira to play a delayed 
singles in 1926, the year in which 
she scratched - Is ably abetted by 
Lance Tmgay’s distilled biog- 
raphies and many miqne pictures 

with the quality ignored by so many 
historical accounts, extended 
captions. „ 

McKdrie's own career in sports 
joannlisn on rugby and all racket 
games is almost as varied as his 
fascinating account of Queen's . It is 

an nrflkatfofl of the complexity of 
sports which the dab has witnessed 
that the index alone contains some 
1.400 names relating to tennis, real 
tennis, rackets, squash, football, 
rugby, athletics, fives, billiards and. 
snooker and table-tennis: not to 
mention social cycling, few wh i c h , 
such was its interest in the latter 
part of the last c e ntury, especially 
anwmg women, the dub contem- 
plated taking out a licence fin: the 
manufactiue of cycles. 

Queen's in my professional fife- 
tnne has' been something of ao 
anachronism, a dilapidated relic of 
the age of privilege, unable satisfac- 
torily to determine on whose behalf 
it should continue to function in the 
modern professional, commercial 
era. It has had an ambiance which 
personified that target of envy which 
became prevalent with the erosion of 
social barriers from the 1960s 
onwards: desired by those wfeocoold 
have it scorned by those who codd 

McKdrie, who for some years la 
retirement was a disripfiuariau 
Press officer at Wimbledon, finding 
foreign correspondents their {dace 
not to say patting then in it, has 
u ne art he d in two and a half years’ 
research a pr ofusion of anecdotes. 
Of John OEfl. an outstamfing trams 
and rogby plays’ and correspondent 
of the Daly Telegraph, appearing on 

the covered qgrts ia a dtinre rjackct 
with a grow in g umber of P »n»w 
classes along the tium-InifiS and 
esquiring of bis partner: “Which 
bafi do I hit there are three of 
them". Of Sir Samuel Hoare, 
celebrated Foreign Secretary, who 
would arrive at 8am in acbnnaeur- 
driren Austin Seven to play with 
Maskell, the pro, never knock up, 
stop precisely after 45 minut es 
whatever the score, and ptottw to 
the Commons. Of Howard Bak er , 
the Corinthian goalkeeper, who beat 
the Olympic high jump champion, 
Dick Landon, ia the decisive evert 
of a m«trh between the (fate) British 
Empire and the US. 

It is a history of the exceptional, 
the aristrocratic and the eccentric; of 
aB-raunders such as Howard Baker 
and W H Grenfell, later Lord 
De&berongh, a first at BrfBok whn 
in 1877 ran and rode for Oxford on 
successive days, twice swam the 
Niagara (the second time to coar 
vince a sceptical American), cumbed 
the Matterhorn, and won fencing 
titles; of hard Wenlode, Lind , 
Alverstone and the Earl of Athlone, 
who shaped the standards of 
sportsmanship which are e s senti al 
today as they ever were; down the ; 
line to Anthony Ward, die current 
president, whose committee ener- 
getically tried to keep alive, in the 
foce of snch rival competition as : 
David Lloyd’s excellent complex at ; 
Hayes, a cornerstone of English 

having scored 64 in two games 
and Durham a mighty SO- 

ami uanmn a w 

Whether or not one argues ther co marent s noyjHga -m tbs 

Yorkshire, it should be ronen^ ^ ^ 

, rrj, have had to introduce prospects am nano. 

Tbc thviaoMl 

One of them. Rawnsfcy. the a tramms samon at Draft dus 
Wakefield No.8. had an weekend and the county 
outstanding game in the tool chammcmsiiip jtsetf » now 
142-71 of Lancashire at ptayeo out ou three ame&ve 
Hradtogjey last week, backed up Saardeys. on 

hatt wto scored two urea 

alfrctt them * KBO* 

*100 Wimbkdmt Championships 
(Coffins, £1845); The (bun's Oab 
Story, 1886-1986 (Stanley Paul 

halt who «>«*«. 

Unavailability afltes to rarou ucu« mm. 
again in sdectirai far Saturdays Lancashire. » loot eodra-of 

match against Cumbra at Ken- ^ jwrthern walk, have ns 

"rag. a&urtsi NfertbMabertaTrt 

county rugby because of travel ftwa 7 Southern. the fWii 
difficul ti es and las pla«is_ taken p(gp > return toe captaincy hni 


Australia and Thompson , Ae latter because of a it* 

(Roandhay) fills the vacancy. hrvkea in a chS^gM-DeS 
Durham go to Chester to play iWaserlool cooacsm for his first 
Cheshire, n&o have a defeat and ch a ra p kwship game a loose- 


Golden racket could bring 
sparkle to McEnroe’s game 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, Antwerp 

A lot of .Americans are playing 
tennis in Antwerp this week. 
Maybe nobody told them that 
this" is the European Comrau- 
nitv Championship (ECC). 
under the official patronage of 
the European Economic 
Community, and was not de- 
signed to "swell Uncle Sam’s 
overseas earnings. 

John McEnroe. Jimmy Arias. 
.Aaron Krickstem. Brad Gilbert 
and Jimmy Brown represented 
the United Slates in the last 16 
of a singles-only event carrying 
about £645.000 in prize money. 

The winner’s share will be 
£150.000. Should the winner be 
McEnroe, he would have more 
cause than usual for getting 
excited. McEnroe won here in 
1 983 and anybody who takes the 
title three times in five years 
qualifies for a glittering bonus: a 
racket made from almost a stone 
of gold and studded with 1.600 
diamonds. Its artistic value is 
estimated at more than 
£700.000. That racket, plus the 
French championship and (even 
less likely) a grand slam, is all 
there is left for McEnroe to win. 

Much of the recent tennis 
news has concerned what 
McEnroe has been up to and 
what he may get up to next. For 
the moment, ail that matters is 
that his next opponent will be 
Brown, aged 21, who comes 
from Florida and mostly plays 
on shaie courts. Brown should 
not present any problems to 
McEnroe, who gave Boris 
Becker a tennis lesson in Ant- 
werp last year. 

Yesterday’s programme be- 
gan with on American win. 
Arias beat Claudio Mezzadri 6- 

4. 6-3. Arias lost bis rally 
previous match here, in 1982. 
Since then he has not played 
well enough to qualify for a 
championship that is basically a 
big-znoney benefit for the win- 
ners of European and grand prix 
tournaments. In addition, the 
ECC was founded to celebrate 
the 25th anniversary of the 
Treaty of Rome and has become 
a sporting rendezvous for the 
European business community. 

Who. you may reasonably 
ask. is Mezzadri? Even 
Mezzadri is beginning to won- 
der. .Aged 21. he is an Italian 
who was born in Switzerland 
and still lives there, though he 
often practises in Rome. 
Mezzadri is not sure whether he 
should regard himself as Italian 
or Swiss. Nor is he sure why he 
should be leaving Antwerp with 
a cheque for £ 1 0,500. 

Mezzadri has twice been 
lucky. He was invited to play in 
the qualifying competition, in 
which he was beaten. Then he 
was invited to fill a gap in the 
main draw and went on court 
with Arias. “He’s got a big 
forehand and he is very fast”, 
Arias said. “He gets a lot ofballs 

Mezzadri, truth to tell, is not 
much good. The fact remains 
that a player not competent - 
enough to be accepted directly 
for a qualifying competition — 
and not competent enough to 
survive it — is going home 
£10.500 richer. There is some- 
thing crazy about the money in 
professional tennis these days. 

The ECC clashes with a grand 
prix tournament in Stockholm, 
which arouses the loyalty of the 

Swedes. Other players want 
grand prix points so that they 
can qualify for a big pay-day at 
the forthcoming Masters tour- 
nament- Ivan Lendl would have 
played in Antwerp hut was unfit 
So the only big names to appear 
in the draw here were Milloslav 
Mecir. McEnroe, and Yannick 

Considering the prize money, 
plus the fact that this is the best 
attended week-long men’s tour- 
nament in the world, the entry is 
modest. But the ECC has be- 
come a big event in its own right 
and has extraordinary features. 

One of these is the temporary 
indoor village erected in an 
adjacent car park. This village is 
carpeted and contains res- 
taurants. boutiques, a nightclub, 
and private lounges for cor- 
porate business entertainment. 
Like the tournament itself, the 
village is up-market- And what a 
pleasant change it is to fly to a 
tennis tournament by way of a 
1 6-sea ter aircraft cruising at 
7.000 feet Both the trip and the 
tournament are much to be 
pre f erred to the annual chore of 
reporting the US 

RESULTS: Rral round T Muster (Aus- 
tria) bt R Krishnan find). 6-4, 6-4; A 
Knctaien (US) WJ-PReurian(Fr), 6-3,6- 
2;H Ob La Pena wig) bt S Colombo ntJ, 6- 
4. 04; W Fink (PdTtJt O ParBZ (Unijt 6-0. 
6-4. Second round: J Arias (US) fit C 
Mezzadn (Switzk 6-4. 6-3; A Gomez (Ecu) 
U T Smd (Czech). 44. fr-1. 6-1. 

Graf chasing 

New York (AFP) - The 
American. Martina Navrat- 
ilova. and Steffi Graf, of West 
Germany, occupy the leading 
positions in the women's tennis 
circuit points table. 

(Roandhay) fills the vacancy. hrok» » , dub pme.-Dn! 

Durham go to Chester to play {Waterloo) catnaa for his fast 
Cheshire, have a defeat and championship game m loose- 

a draw behind them. Cot*, the head prop and Rabbin 
West Hartlepool prop, has bad a fLivcrpool/Si Helens) at 
recurrence of bad: trouble and hooker, 
has bad to concede his place to - Bmbnte, capped 13 times 
Lancaster, from the same dub. by Engand, retina to form an 
in Drahana’s from row. There is afi-Fyidcfesd tf-fotentetuKnl) 

m Lmrnara s uum row. i acre n u-rjNE.tzKi n-fotmnaoaii) 

a doubt, too. over Carting, toe second raw with Dooley and 
Durham University centre, who Ingram, another member of toe 
is nutsing a ham strin g injury { aw a itin g UvcipooVSi Helens 

is nursing a hamstr 

which prevented biro 
jug part in Tuesday} 
cither Groves or S 

rtjary p i otmtin g Livcrpoo^St Helens 
onk- cfob. is added to toe back row. 
e a ri ng Behind toe scrum NehonfValc 
(boat of Loae) play* on tbcfcft wing. 

on leaders’ heels 

One-bar gate: Bowling (right) fr ust r at es Baxter (Photograph: Hugh Rontiedge) 



After only five games m toe 
McEwan’s National League. 
Hawick and W ar so ni ans lead 
toe table with full points. The 
border side tiahn top spot by 
virtue of their superior points 
diffe re n c e . Hard on their beds 
are Kdso who look to be picking 
up their form after tort defeat 
wrfvr in / toe season fay 

Four tram s, T in 4n>t Gala, 
Stewarfs/Mdvfile and SeSth*. 
remain in with a slight dumce 
on six points^ with toe remainder 
of the teams more imeresad m 
avoiding relegation rafoer than 
vying tor honours. Tins is 
particularly so fix' Melrose and 
Jed-Forest who have ye* » 
break their duck this season and 
ate firndy anchored at toe loot 
of toe fortdtviaan. 

Tbamfividwd teWcs ne aty 
headedl&two H*wk 4 pfayra, 
left wfeftr Jock Mafia aad 
standoff Colin Gass who, 
respectively, lead toe try acoreis 
and -individual points tallies of 
tbe first and second <fivis»ns. 
Muffin, with six leagne tries to 
fajs credit, is bring pressed by 
{bar other wmgeis. Steve Motno 
(Ayr) who has five and by Keith 
Mocfadl (Hawick) and the Wert . 
of Scotland pair David Ross and 
Man Duncan, all one further 

Gass, helped by his 26 points 
against Glasgow Academicals, 
leads the individual points table 
with a total of 58. 


In a very open second di- 
viaon. four tearas, Kilmarnock, 
Stilting County, Musselburgh 
and FortobeBo. bead the scram- 
ble for promotion on right 

Qsnie are the only un- 
defeated team in toe third 
division haring overcome their 
gam rivals Dundee High 
School FP last Saturday. In toe 
other dtrisioos there are a 
farther four teams with foil 
poinis, namely Cartha/Qucen's 
Frtk (fourth division}, St 
Bo6wriTs (sixth division) and 
Waytiders aad Stobswd! FP 

Monster team 

Gerry McLougbfis. tbe for- 
mer Jtefaad prop-forward who 
wag dro p p e d by Munster for toe 
opening ^provincial ' match 
against Ulster; is recalled for 
Saturday's [andsdowrie Road 
dash against L e h tsto r (George 
Ace writes). McLooghlin ts one 
of seven donges ia the team 
c om pa red with tort which lost 
17-6 to Ulster in Cock !ast ; 
Saturday week. 

AH dividends subject to resovtiRy. 


M matches lor Nov 1 st 


Class among qualifiers Honours to University Opportunity missed 

— _ Vf. . ten QvJwttv rriclrin • toe 22nd minute when Bowfing • -- n u rr a- - - 

From Colin McQtnUan, TonlOHse 


treble CHANCE PAYING 6 dividends 

24PTS £5355-50 

23PTS £82-45 

22VzPTS £36-45 

22PTS £7-10 

211/2 PTS £4-30 

21 PTS £1-15 

Treble Ctranca Snideri* ro units of Vs »- 

4 DRAWS £3-45 

10 HOMES £20*95 

4AWAYS £1,109*70 

MaMdhiMsta wits of lOp 

Expenses and Commission 
18 th October 1986 - 30 - 4 % 

With effect from Saturday 15th November. 1986 
the Rules are amended as follows:- 

Rule 9ia| For '4/5 penny' substitute '8/9 penny" 

Rule 9(ci li) For '£900.000' s^ibstnute '£ 1 Million' 

R'jlr 9‘?> HI,) For '£900.000' subset rule '£1 Million' 


Qualifying events do not of- 
ten warrant great attention be- 
yond the interest of coaches and 
commercial concerns in rising 
promise. Today, however, tbe 
UAP World Open squash 
championship proper begins on 
an all-transparant plastic court 
at tire Palms des Sports here 
with a 64-man qualifying tour- 
nament of astonishing quality 
still in climax at the nearby 
Squash Club des Amidouniera. 

Eight places are available in 
the main draw of 32; such is the 
strength of the 64 that only the 
best of them survive to play 
their pool finals for a place on 
the plastic court on Friday. 

British champion Philip Ken- 
yon is likely to meet To tbe tint 
round tomorrow Jansher Khan, 
a 1 7-year-old from Peshawar, 
Pakistan, brother of MohibuHah 
and cousin of Jahangir, world 
junior champion and touted as 
the successor to Jahangir as 
world champion. Yesterday, he 
destroyed Frank Donnelly, an 
experienced Australian, 9-2, 9-3, 
9-0. Today be plays Adrian 
Davies of Wales. 

And former British champion 
Geoff Williams is facing 
thelikeiibood of playing quali- 
fier Chris Dittmar, toe Austra- 
lian who rose to second in tbe 
worid until a knee injury 
stopped him 18 months ago, in 1 
tire first round. Dittmar im- 
proves daily in Toulouse. 

The other world number two 
likely to emerge from the ! 
qualifying groups is Egyptian 
Gamal Awad, who beat i 
England's Ian Robinson 9-3, 9- 
7. 9-3 in under half an hour | 
yesterday. I 






Includes Kent Man who wins £29,378 


5 DIVIDENDS INoitirnflBarrwH 

24 pts £ 1.41445 5AWAYS £ 69*5 

23 pts £ 16-85 (Nothing Baned) 

22 % pts £ 9-20 4 DRAWS £ 3*95 

22 pts £ 1-80 (Nothing Barred) . 

21 % ptS .....£ 1-00 Above Dividends to Units oil Op. 

Trett* Chance Dividends to Units of Exeenses and Commission tor 18 th 

I 15 * October 1986 - 28 - 3 % 

Role amendment, with oMea tram Saturday 75 th November IS 86 , the rules are 
amended as fallows: Rule 9 <a) for 'one fifth of a penny" substitute “two ninths of 
a penny 

low 4 . Stansted 0 . 

ssend ronfc Cofctmtar 2, Arsenal 3. 

FA YOUTH CUP: Pint rottntfe EnSsid 2. 
Crystal Palacs 8. 

. By Sydney Frisian * 

London University 1 

Becfcenhain_.~.~~.~....~ 1 

There was plenty of running 
bat art much rise in this Pizza 
Express London League match 
yesterday at Motspv Park, 
where London University did 
well to hold a more experienced 

HwImqIubi fidf . 

persistence in takiag the ball 
through the middle made toe 
task of defenders so mach easier 
and both sides had players in 
this department determined to 
give tittle away. 

Thompson, with Baxter al- 
ways in dose support led the 
London attack effectively but be 
became too closely marked as 
tbe game progressed. Bowling 
and Adams we conspicuous 
among Beckenham’s forwards. 

Bowling’s quick breaks from 
the tine prevented .Thompson 
from co nve rt in g two early short 
corners for London who were a 
fittk more industrious m the 
first half. But Beckenham, de- 
spite their less-frequent excar- 
sxms, looked more dangerous in 
this period and wait ahead in 


the 22nd minute when Bowfing j 
set up a chance for Adams to 
score with a strong angriar shot. 

. London drew level in the 
fourth urinate of toe second half , 
when Thompson converted a 
short corner with a superb hit 
after a perfect stop by 

Neither side estihfis h ed mas- 
tery after that, ahhe'«h chances 
were there for the taking. Adams 
looked tike putting Beckenham 
ahead again ia toe fifteenth 
min etc of this period cmtB he 
was checked by 0*DumdL 
Ward made his own ch anc e for 
London in tbe 23rd rahrate bat 
put his shot straight at the 

By David Hands 

Warwick School 13 

RGS Worcester 14 

It is a frustrating experience to 
lose a match in toe dying 
minutes; it is even more 
frustrating when toe opportu- 
nities to ensure victory lave not 
been taken, which was the case 
with Warwick School yesterday 
when they lost by a goal, a tty 
and a penalty goal to two fries 
"and two penalties. 

Warwick played with the 
wind in tire first halt and led by 
only 7-4 at the interval, kicking 
themselves for haring allowed 
. Summons to break through and 
send Frow over in the second 
minute. But thereafter -they 
worked space for themsdves, 
only for tire timing of the pass to 

wards working wdl in the 

BECKENHAM: S StsHartk N Dwaae, B 
Sulk P Gnwwd, I D*fcy. C Rite. A 

Umpires: K Peters m4 B Meore. 

RGS -dominated toe lineOux 
but may have been surprised at 
their own Jack of control at toe 
scrams, where the Warwick 
front row got under them time 
and again. Bat the visitors 
exerted more control over tbe 
loose ball, their combative for- 


Exoenses and Commission for 18 th 
October 1986-26-3% 

- * l*i ■ * ifc>«» m *i' l i ■ A ft ir-4 Tt^lil 

i ii i | 46 A m i ii M MMtotoNIIMwBBHHtetoraPHi 

For colons Phooe 01-200 0200 

fSig-to nmmvTfnciurtesA 

treble CHANCE POOL. 4 DRAWS £3.00 

24 PIS £387.75 FOR 4AWAYS £16.80 

ONLY iPmIcti Jcnnaa i 

23 Pis £4.101 «> 4 9RR 

22 'J Pis £ 2.00 l 4 p iP*?on 3 ov'il tin! goals 

22 p« £ 0.45 / I^p 1 


EllllIE! 15117118121 124|27]30]33 

mrJ'ttrtw of Bwxtan SK 1 7. NhiUmterM^ ofMoxtwmOXls, 

OTHER MATCH: Totatfan Hotspur 5. 
SV Hamburg 1. 

4. N orttwrtcb Vtooria 1. 

dvWoB Yeadng 4. BeaconsflaM 0. 

FA TROPHY: Socond guNHiteu roond 
wp tey^&om tey 0. Staines 0; VS Rutfty 

GMAC CUP: QuaRiyteg rand rap to r . 
W fttey 3. Fotosstona 0. First rauad: 
A^^ury 3. KUdantonstor a DarOort a 

SXmgRN LEAGUE: Bff Oetov CWc 
ftst round: Dew 3. Thanet 0. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Ftast tffitokllt- Uver- 
goed 2, Second Atotora Scolce 2, 

FiOwi v RaacSng. 


TOUR MATCH: Locesar 39. RJan 

Udbnto Graop. sai nt fi os l: WsrariiA- 
sn^B 34. Lateastor 0. 
cua MATCHES: Bristol 76. Ssuud 0; 
Haadngtoy 3U RcundTOy 4; Panvlti 6. 
Maestogzl Pontypndo 13. Newport 26. 
OTHER MATOk Basque SatocAon 9. Nan 
Zealand 21. 


TOUR MATCH: o&wn IS, Ausnbana 
22 . 

in the final minute kicked by 

Coming bard on the heels of 
tbe second try scored by the 
scampering Frow, who looked a 
good finisher, it must have 
seemed to Warwick that a 
commandine lead had somehow 
dissolved- Mofiatt, in particular, 
had worked hand in midfield, 
creating the position for 
Beach us’s try but it may have 
been some satisfaction that they - 
should have run their Worcester 
rivals so dose with a team so 
much changed from last reason 
when they won the open tour- 
nament at toe National Schools 

SCORERS; Wnridc Titos: Woodward, 
Beachus. Cow rati wn. Cooke. JtooBftr 
Cooke. RGS Worcester: Trie* Frpw (ZJ- 
PwnMtoK. Burrow 0. 

Woodward. J Btsctas fcaptoi^. J 
Itotfatt, N Shore R Cooke. B Netoiw: J 
Seaton, J Stot T Bmey. A in C Jeet 8 
Heaton. M Cotorooto. J Cooper. 

RGS WORCEStra M Waflter. M FTOW, M 
RkKnton. S Summons. P FWmtay: G 
Bwrow. A Doc G BrtMn.R PTOBCO, 0 
Vetamir. S Bradhy taeteln). J *¥*• D 
SScklane. j Con, PEtartan. . - ... 
Referee: DUgbtowtortWwwfctatwe). 





■— T vr nmin ' t I i mrtT e r -yr— ^ 

.■MtaMak Mra P WtranbtMW f 
'•todmoeh. 6-2: Mrs H canon br Mas L 
TnoanL (W. Hnfc Coaoo tx WSson. 83. 

r RUGBY (gflON J 
BAYONNE: Basque JCVB.ttowZntondaT - 



S nen-gB M B aadear.-rtw* 
Bi rlfe i, US a m or wag* 


strength runs deep 

By David finds, Bs&S Comsp«^t8 ■ 

Yorkshire and Durham have. West . Hwfcpo oQ wifi replace 
been the pace to toe Idto if regwire d. - 

SSiSdStisioR oftireThort Du rtnra-s repnammem m 
EMI county cb3mp«mtinp tore toe Nqrtogn towaroB .agaad is 
J^iEKh «am goes in to lutnred at 

third round of toe standKiff 

championship with a brtfol of ba&wbo locked 22 pou«a m ii® 
poinfsbebSd them. Yorkshire 42-13 wn ow Nratiaanber- 

•w b -p vnu * ■ ii uijjfrr* 

fond. h» bets joined l^MnSfas 
( Durham UtowiMjg for. 



Bnto, EMtosUOng’s Lpn42.SbaflWd: 

\ r 


3 ?* ... 




V •* 2 ? Vi f 

■ ^ Vj5, 

e » i • £ S 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

f s. 

t j 

What makes Sammy run could be a chip 

♦ Considering how chest-puffing 
and backstopping Pioneers of the 
Future (Channel 4,8,05pm) is 
about the yesterday and today of 
the silicone chip and aD its 
manifestations, it is rather strange 
that it is so cautious about what 
may happen tomorrow. Apart 
from the general forecast that it is 
in the micro-computer software 
area that the next chapter of high 
technology exploitation wiQ be 
written, there is little to set the 
blood pounding through our veins 
beyond one expert’s vision — be 
says it might happen in five years' 
lime - when it could be a robot 
and not Sammy that pops through 
the cat-flap ( no more mess on the 
carpets and no more claw-marks 
on the furniture), and electronics 
would take the fag out of mowing 
ihe lawn. 


• Like Barnacle Bill, The Horse’s 
Month (Channel 4, 9.30pm) is one 
of those Alec Guinness films we 
are always forgetting about The 
reason could simply be that they 
just weren't worth remembering. 
What I remember most about The 
Horse’s Mouth is that although 
Guinness, playing the dis- 
reputable painter Gulley Jimson, 
was supposed to be the sole 
begetter of the canvases, they were 
actually the work of John Bratby. 
What went wrong with the film. I 
think, was that Guinness chose to 
adapt Joyce Gary’s book himself 
as well as write the script, and 
although he demonstrated that he 
knew how to do the former, he had 
more difficulty with the latter. 


6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Time wKh Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood. Weather at 655, 
7.25, 7.55, &25 and &55; 
regional news, weather and 
traffic at 657, 7.27, 757 and 
857; national and international 
news at 750, 7.30, 850, 850 
and 8.00. 

9.05 Fifty Years On. A 40 Minutes 
programme about a holiday in 
Bournemouth shared by 44 
couples who aR had one thing 
in common - they had been 
married for fifty years, (r) 945 
Advice Shop. Margo 
Macdonald with advice on 
welfare rights 1050 

1055 PMBip Schofield with news of 
children's television 
programmes, and birthday 
greetings 1050 Piay School * 
1050 Henry's Cat (r) 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Joanna Lumfey 
with a thought for the day 
11.00 Food and Drhk. With a 
new series starting next week, 
highlights from the last series. 
li.30 Open Air. Viewers 
comment on yesterday's 
television programmes 12.25 
Star M e mor ies . Fulton Mackay 
recalls his favourite television 
moments 1255 Regional news 
and weather. 

1.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 


155 Neighbours. Weekday soap 
set in a Melbourne suburb 1.50 
Animal Fefr with Don Spencer. 

250 Fttm: Tommy the Toreador 
(1 959} starring Tommy Steele. 
Musical comedy about a 
British seaman, stranded in 
Seville, who accidentally saves 
the life of a celebrated 
bullfighter. Directed by John 
Jthr Car stairs. 355 BtanMFs 
it Straw.' 

Sebastian the IncredUe 
Drawing DogL Michael 
Barrymore with the story of 
The Prince Who Loved to 
Laugh. 450 Beat the Teacher. 
The mind heat of the Champion 
of Champions pupils versus 
teachers quiz. 45S Dungeons 
and Dragons, (r) 

550 John Craven's Newsceund 
5.05 Blue Peter. Janet EEs 
tests Bonnie's skiB at ‘distant 
control'. (Ceefax) 

555 Masterteam presented by 



First Show. The story of an 
appaloosa horse's 
preparations for a show run by 
the British Appaloosa Society, 
accompanied by songs by Paul 
McCartney, (r) 

Scragtag and Ms Tea-time 
Tefly 4.10 Laurel and Hardy. 
Cartoon version 4.15 

650 News with Sue Lawleyand 
Nicholas Wrtahett. Weather. 

6.35 London Plus. 

7.00 Top of the Pops Introduced by 
Peter Powell and Steve Wright 

750 EaaOBnden. Dr Lagg 
interviews a prospective 
locum; and Pete has a row with 
Ms ex-wife, i 

850 Tomorrow’s' World. 

McCann tests a new type of 
Inflatable dinghy; Maggie 
Philbin is in hot water in 
Iceland; Howard Stabtafbrd 
investigates the re-cycling of 
Scotch wftrskjHnafurtng 
barrels; and mere is news of a 
new form of body-imaging. 

850 The Kenny Everett Television 
Straw. Comedy sketches from 
the clever funny man; and 
music with Hot Gossip. 

950 News with John Humphrys and 
Philip Heyton. Regional news 
and weather. 

9.30 A6 the Best - Dave AKen. 
Highlights from the best of the 
Dave Allen at Large shows, 
chosen by the man himself. 

1050 Question Tune. On Sir Robin 
Day's panel this week are Paul 
Boateng, Jeremy BuUmore, 
John Redwood, and Po*y 

11.00 Championship Bowting. 

United Kingdom Indoor Singles 
Bowls Championshjp- 

1150 Rhode. Rhoaa is paid a visit by 
an old friend she hasn't seen 
for 35 years, (r) 

1155 Weather. 

Colin Welland plays Willie in - ----- - - 0 

Bine Remembered Hills, first shown in May 1980 (BBC 2 9- 

Dearly, not everyone shared my 
opinion, because the screenplay 
was nominated for a Hollywood 
Oscar. I was, however, pleased 
when 1 learned that Guinness’s 
Gulley Jimson had run off with 
the Best Actor award at the 1958 
Venice Film Festival. 

• BBC Television's 50ib anniver- 
sary celebrations continue with 
two corkers tonight: a 1966 film of 
the Royal Ballet dancing The 
Firebird (BBC2, 8-20) with Nadia 
Nerina in the title role; and 
Dennis Potter's unprecedented 
Bine Remembered Hbls (BBC2, 
9.30) — without precedent because 
in it, the children’s skins were 
filled with grown-up actors. It was 
a daring, and wholly s ucc ess ful, 
dramatic device that permitted 
Potter to make a host of fescuat- 

BBC 2 

950 Co e tox . 

952 Daytbna on Two: A-tevai 
statistics 10.15 Science: 
analysing 1058 David Bellamy 

traces the Impact of the car on 
society 11507Wnkabout 11.18 
Studying young children 11-40 
An up-date to the 1 980 
program m e which introduced 
Belfast Roman Cathoflc and 
Protest an t young people to 
each other. 

12.12 Basic Spanish language skfis 
1250 Basic French for 
absolute beginners 1245 The 
properties of waves 155 
French conversation course 
158 Welsh industries 2.00 
Materials to keep people warm 
in winter 2.15 The music of the 

255 ChampioiaNpBqw8ng.The 
CIS Insurance United Kingdom 
Indoor Singles Bowls 
Championship, introduced by 
David leke from the Guild Haiti. 
Preston. The commentators 
are David Rhys Jones and 
Jimmy Davidson, (includes 
rac ial news and weather at 

550 Fan 86 wtth Barry Norman. 
Ginger and Fred, and Ruthless 
People ara reviewed, (r) 

650 Whafe My Line* presented by 
Eamonn Andrews. With Isobel 
Barnett, Gilbert Harding, 
Barbara Kelly, and Cyril 
Fletcher, (shown in November 

650 Z Can starring James EJBs, 
Douglas FteVSng, and Frank 
Windsor. An epsode from the 
successful pome drama 
series, (shown in September 

1 1978) 

750 Bruce Forsyth and Hie 

Generation Game with Anthea 
Redfem (shown In November 

mg points about the evolution of 
your character ana mine. 

• Radio choice: The Chekhov 
one-act comedy The Proposal 
(Radio 3, 11.1 Sam) fills 30 min- 
utes so delightfully that it makes 
you ask why Radio 3 keeps 
restricting its drama output to the 
evening time slot when Radio 4 
has long ago proved that there is 
an audience (admittedly not a vast 
one) for radio drama before noon 

• Tonight's City of Birmingham 
SO concert includes 
Shostakovich's Symphony No 13 
(Radio 3, 8.20); and Radio 4 has 
an important feature about sui- 
cide, A Choke between Two 
Darknesses, with a phone-in 

Peter Davalle The world ’ s to* d*#* 1 com P aten P*®“e«s of the Future, Channel 4, 8 . 00 pm 


The Royal I 
Firebird. A 

_ Badet in The 

A television version of 

the Russian fairy-tale ballet 
commissioned by Diaghflev in 
1910, based on tne Royal 
Baders production of 1954. 
With Marfa Nerina. Ronald 

Hynd, Franklin White and 
Deanna Bergsma. artists of the 
Royal Batiet and the Orchestra 
of the Royal Opera House, 
conducted by John Larchbery. 

(shown In May 1966) 

950 Monty Python's Flying Cfccua. 
With, among others. John 
Cleese, Michael Patti. Eric fcfle 
and Graham Chapman, (shown 
in October 1969) 

950 Blue Remembered HBs, by 

Denote Potter. Starring Colin 

* Wefland. Michael Bphick, 
Robin Bits. John Bird, Helen 
Mirren, Janine Duvftska. and 
Colin Jeavons. An award- 
winning play about seven 
children meandering through 

an ex traor di na ry West Country 
summer's day in 1943. 
Directed by Brian Gibson. 
10.45 Newamghtwfth Peter Snow. 
Donald MaoCormick and Nick 

1150 Late Night Line-Up with Joan 
Bakoweti, DertsTuohy, 
Michael Dean, and Tony 

1255 Weather. ' 


955 Thames news headSnss- 

950 Schools: the role of a>raries 
arxl librarians 942 The story of 
Christabei's Cream Bun 954 
The importance of teeth and 
how to look after them 10.11 
Excerpts from the feature fflm. 
It Shouldn't Happen to a Vet 
1058 Health education 1045 
The effective use of 
microelectronics 1153 Part 
one of Mr Magus is Waiting for 
You 1 150 The role of coal and 
oil in supplying energy for the 
home 1157 How We Used to 
Live: contrast in g country life 
with that of the city. 

IZ00 Thomas the Tank Engine and 
Friends, (r) 12.10 Puddle 
Lane. Puppets, with Ne£ Innes, 
. Richard Robinson, and Kate 
Lee 1250 The Su Svens. 

150 News with Leonard Parkin 150 
Thames news 

1.30 Falcon Crest 255 Home 
Cookery Chib. Toad In the 


250 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a discussion on the 
significance of Remembrance 
, Sunday. Among those taking 
part are General Sir Anthony 
Farrar+tockay. Pippa Marriott 
of the Peace Pledge Union, 
and members of the War 
Widows' Association. 

350 Take the High Road. 355 
Thames newt headlines 350 

Sons and Daughters. 

450 Fticks. Part one of the story, 
Norman the Doorman. 4 .10 
The Trap Door. Cartoon series 
450 Animate in Action. A 6sh 
from Java that uses a leaf in an 
odd way. 445 Henry's Lag. 
The final episode or the drama 
serial. (Oracle) 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

545 N ews with Alastair Stewart 
650 Thames news. 

655 HelpfViv Taylor Gee with 

details of the fourth Christmas 
Line, the 24 hour telephone 
information service over 

655 Crossroads A skeleton 
appears from Nicola's past 

7.00 Emm enisle Farm. Annie wants 
to give Sandie a piece of her 

mind but Sandie s in no mood - 
to listen. 

7.30 Film: Httehhiket (1974) starring 
a oris Leachman and Michael 
Brandon. Thriller about a 
woman driver who picks up a 
hitchhiker unaware that he is a 
murderer on the run. Directed 
by Gordon Messier. (Oracle) 

9.00 Gaia on Top. Comedy series 
about three girls sharing a fiat, 
and their landlady. Starring 
Dawn French, Jennfier 
Saunders, Ruby Wax. and 
Joan Greenwood. 

950 This Week: Where Hunger tea 
Weapon. A report on the civil 
war In the Sudan during the 
filming of which the producer, 
Alan Stewart was killed by a 
landmine explosion. 

10.00 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Sandy Gall. 

10.30 Quincy. The pathologist tries 
to persuade a school football 
star that he should quit the 
game but meets opposition 
from the boy's father, the 
school authorities, and the 
young man himself. 

1150 The Business of Excellence. 
Allen Kennedy, co-author of 
Corporate Cultures, imparts 
his ideas to an audience of top 
British business people. 

12.15 Lifestyles of the Rich and 
Famous. Robin Leach in 
conversation with James 

1240 Night Thoughts. 

t" v :.TV-'AtVl 

I Morning Bi 
presented by Anne ka Rice and 
Richard Keys. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 653, 
750, 750, 8.00, 850 and 950; 
financial news at 6.35; sport at 
6.40 and 740; exercises at 
655 and 9.17; cartoon at 755; 
pop music at 7-55; and Jeni 
Barnett's postbag at 855. The 
After Nine guests include 
Claire Raynor, with advice on 
sex education for children; and 

Mike Yarwood. 

Alec Guinness as Gulley Jimson, an artist who specialises in 

brushes with the law: The Horae’s Mouth (Channel 4 930pm) 


250 Ffim: The Harvey Girts (1946) 
starring Judy Gartand. 

Romantic musical about a 
group of waitresses who bring 
a touch of class to a WBd West 
town. With John Hodiak, Ray 
Boigerand Cyd Charisse. and 
featuring the Oscar-winning 
song. On the Atchison, Topeka 
and the Santa Fe. Directed by 

450 And^a Pop. Cartoon. 

450 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the words and 
numbers game is chatienged 
by Leomister licences. John 
Wesley. Richard Whiteiey is 
the questionmaster. 

5. DO Film: Abbott end Costello 
Meet tiie Mummy* (1955) Two 
explorers in Egypt become 
mixed up with a Jiving mummy 
and a various assortment of 
archaeologists searching for a 
secret medallion that is tne key 
to a fortune. With Marie 
Windsor, Michael Ansara. and 
Dan Seymour. Directed by 
Charles Lam on t 

6.30 Union Worid. How are unions 
reacting to the increasing 
privatization of local 
government services? With 
Rodney Bicksrstaffe, general 
secretary of Nupe. 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Trevor 
McDonald and Nicholas Owen. 

750 Comment from Margaret 
Quass. secretary of the 
Friends of Unesco. Weather. 

8.05 Equinox: Pioneers of the 
Future. This week's edition of 
the science and technology 
series explores the 
microprocessor. Among those 
appearing are Wiliam 
Snockley who invented the 
transistor m 1947. and William 
BushneU who, in 1972, 
produced the first electronic 
game, (see Choice) 

950 Oh Madeline. Domestic 
comedy series starring 
MedeDne Kahn. 

950 Film: The Horse's Mouth 
(1958) starring Alec Guinness 
end Kay Walsn. A black 
comedy, adapted by Guinness 
from the novel by Joyce Cary, 
about a Jailbird artist who on 
release from prison, discovers 
that his paintings are all the 
rage but that he can't cash in 
on the fortune because his ex- 
wife has swindled him out of 
his pictures. He then embarks 
on a series of swindles. 
Directed by Ronald Neame. 
(see Choice) 

11.15 Rejoice. The first of e new 

series celebrating faith with an 
unlikely mix of rock, traditional, 
folk and barber-shop music. 
With singer and guitarist Garth 
Hewitt singer Patricia Cafolla, 
the Newry Cathedral Choir and 
folk group Crossfire. 

Presented by Candy Devine. 

1140 Retotfve Strangers. Comedy 
series starring Matthew Kelly 
as the happy-go-lucky man 
who is suddenly lumbered with 
a son he never knew he had 
fathered. Tonight he has 
discipline difficulties, (r) Ends 
at 12.10. 


12JX) Mows btkJ wealTwr. SCOTIAM* 
(M5 mh-S£E Dotation. 9X8-10X0 Scoafen 

HtXQ Reporting Scouond.^^te 
330-1000 Vas, Prime Mntetw. NOfTOCHN 
IRELAND-- SXSpm-540 Tatty's Sport- 
5.40-640 inside Utettr.6X5-7.00 MBsteneam. 
tito^XO spotfiqtx. T t-SS-tZOO News and ■ 

news megtzhes. 


BBno wales: aaoem-ass 
SSSd£ MastBrtMm 9XS-9X0 totaivri. 

Cookw 1-3S-&& Jessto 330-640 Ctro 
By GP 6404-35 enamel Report 10 l 30 Prison- 
er: Cal Block H 1140 Carton Your 
Doorman 12X0 Untouchables 1 X0s» Gtoee 
YORKSHIRE As London except 

TUHiranmc usopm-i.oo ummim 

Um t to News 1JO-ZJ0 Yaflow Rose 
-6X0-6X5 calender 1030 MKa Hammer 11.30 
New Avengers 12X0am-6XQ Music Box. 

MflBfe Lte^ffg^i-ao 

News 1JO-2XO The Baron 6X0 Cross- 
roads 626750 News 1045 Central LobOy 
1 1.05 FSm; Dr PM»s Rta68 Again 
1240am Joblinder 1 40 Close 


eons tto News 1 XO-2JO Men bt a SjA- 
cass 8X0-6 xs North Tonight 7X0-7 JO Who's 
The Boss? 10X0 Minder flXOCrannTwa 
12X0 About Gaelc 12X0s« News, Oo&e 
TfiW A* London except 1.20pm News 
Jail 1X04X0 Tucker's Witch 8.00 Today 
South Wtest 8X0 Action South Wosf 8X8- 
7X0 Carson's Lew 10X2 FMm: BorasUno 6 Co 

12XEHI Postscnpt Ctoee 


1XO-2XO Country Practice 2X0-4X0 
Voung Doctors SX0 Granada Reports 
This is Yov Right 6X0-7X0 Crossroads 
10X0 Quincy 11X0 AB Kinds of Coumy 12X0 
Who's The Boss? 122Sam Ctosa 
RflRDFR As London except 

punucn ixopBiNwwi5o-2xonan- 

daO A HopWrtt (Deceased) 3X0 Reriour 
Game 3to-4X0 Young Doctors 6XQ-6X5 
Lookaround 10X0 Border Pool Ctassic 
11.15 MBie Hammer 12.1Dma Ctosa 

Kr ywEs raSS^S.^ 

Country Practice News 10X0 

west ttes Week 10X5 Weekend Outlook 11X0 
Mnder 12X0 Thars Hotiywood 12X0am 

MTV WAI Fft AsHTV Westex- 
M I V WALCO cBpt- ii.oSmh. 11.13 
Technology Whies 0X(to>n-flX5 Weiss at 
Six 1030-11X0 Woles TOs Week. 

TVR As London except iXOpm News 
155 1X0 AcBQri 1^X0 J es sie 3J0-400 
Coumy GP 6X04X5 Coast to Coaet 
1030 Prisoner CeH Bkxk H 11X0 Cartton 
Your Doorman IZXOUntouchaOlas 
iXOem Company, dose 
ear* sans: 11.10am schools' Pro- 
SfcM grammes 1146 bittnml 12.15 Sam 
Thompson - Voice of Many Man 1.15 10 
MMon 2X0 ComtdownSto Fine Action tor 
Standee* 4X0 Frelatalem 4.15 Atftro 
Ameer 4X0 Hatac 4X5 A&bott and Coctrto 
show- 5X0 4 Whet res Worth 6X0 
BrooUdB 4X0 Wrttt On 7X0 Newyddon Salth 
7X0 Pantymora 8X5 Ar Y Ftordd M0 
Dtoas 9.10 Hll Street Btoes 10X5 Fam: Ship o( 
Fools- 12JQmCicw) 

ANGLIA A 8 London except IXOpm 

MWLa U lM 1 JQ-2X0Fifty FWy 6X0- 

6X5 About Antea 7X0-7X0 Thafs My f 
1030 Eastern Approaches 11X0 Cam! 
fok Festival 11 to Man m a Suitcase 
12X0 hi St Hu^i of Uncoto. Ctose 


Tucker's VWch SXO-4XO The Baron 6X0- 
6X5 Scotland Today 7X0 Take the High Road 
7X0 Magnum 8X04X0 Scottish Report 
IBto Crime Desk 10X5 Minder 1 1X5 Cram 
Tara 12iB Late Catt 12.10am Tries from 
the Derkride 1240 Close 

ulsteh aaaagsiaa, 

3X0400 OfTrant Strokes 6X0 Good Eve- 
ning Usaer 6X54X5 Pokes Stir 10X0 Qsurter- 
point 11X0 Mysteries of EdgarWaflace' 
12X0CaRtoma Highway 12tomn News, Close 


Lookaround 1XO-2XO Randea and 
HopMrtc (Deceased? 6X04X5 Northern Lite 
1CL32 The Works 11X0 Wort into Image 
12X0 SoMere and Preachers ^ Too. Close. 





-with the 


Move out of snapshots into 
real pictures with the Minolta 
AF -E. And all so easily- 

From loading thefilrruput 
in the cassette, position the 

leader and close the back), to 

taking the picture. Autofocus 

and autoexposure with the 
superb Minolta !ens, giveyou 

flash on You can take super 
shots when you can barely 
see a thing yourself! 

No winding on or re- 
winding when you come to 
the end of the roll, it's all 
done for you. 

Pop round to your Minolta 
Dealer. He'll show you exactly 

H sharp perfectly how easy the AF-E is. You car 
loosed photographs buy one for around £99. 

every time. 

When there's not enough 
light, the AF-E turns its own 


MF (medium wave). So 
VHF (see below) 

News on the haH-hour 
jrian John 

i. Stereo on 


then at 1050 

650am untill 
and 1250 1 

650am Adrian John 750 Mike 
Smith’s Breakfast Show 950 
Simon Bates 1250pm 
Newsbeat (Steve Arnett) 1245 
Gary Davies 350 Steve Wright 
550 Newsbeat (StBve Armett) S45 
Bruno Brookes 750 Jartice 


2: -450am As Radio 2, 

1050pm As Radio 1. 1250450am 
As Radio 2. . 


MFJmwfium wave). Stereo on 

News on the how. HeadTros 
550am, 650, 75GS5GSpojte 
Desks 155pm, 2.02, 352,452, 
S55, 852,645 (mf orMV955 
450am Conn perry 550 Ray ■ 

Moore 750 Derek Jameson 950 
Ken Bruce 1150 Jlmnw Young 
iXSptn David Jacobs 250 Gteria 
Hunnitord 350 David Hantiton 
555 Jotvr Dunn 7.00 WalN Whyton 
950 Rhythm and Blues 1«U» 

The News Huddfines 1050 Star 
Sound Cinema (film magazine) 
1150 Brian Matthew 150am 
Charles Nove 350-450 A LitHe 

Wght Music. 


Modem worid 745 Network uk U* 
News 6X9 Hatiedions B-ISCotritry Style | 

axo John Peri ftto jttvreetoRevtewoJ 

the British p ra» 9-1 5 TT«JMr«T(x&y 
axoRnandri Nawe B 40 Lock ATOad 645 1 
Growing Potoo *|LSriene*J iWOiNriM 
10X1 Arthur Freed and M H^woa 

BriSn ti"* - ?WV 

11X0 News Attwt 

1.15 New 

Ideas 11X5 A Lettor from EngtoteJ (urns 

iixo) i2xa Wo Hwang ms 
Muttrack 2 - Tap Twenty 1245 Spon* 
Roundup 1X0 Nows 159 TvriWy-FQw 

Yours 4X0 UQ 

AttigmeM 446 The Worid Today UJ 

5.1» 8X0 News 852 Te mg-Fpwjfoiw 
■ w Business Matters 9X0 News 9X1 

J 045 sports Rtwtoup 11 -#> Nows llto 

cSttito in The MeafTtime2X0 N«m 
2X9 He w o w of Ihe Brijteh Press 2.15 


Four 3X0 News 109 News 
3,15 The Worid Today 3X0 Business 
MBflars 4X0 Newsdask 00 CwmOy 
545 The Vtortti Today. Al 

v %• 


655 Weather. 750 News 
755 Concert Ravel (Vaises 
nobles « santimentales). 


ceBo), Poulenc (Suite 
francaise: Gabriel Tacchino. 
piano). 850 News 
855 Concert (continued): 
Telemann (Overture in C: 
Parley of instruments). 
Alfonso Ferrebosco 
(Fantasia: Anthony Rootey. 
flute), Handel {Dettngen 
Anthem: Christopher 
Tipprtg. counter-tenor, 
and Michaei Pearce, bass). 
Bach (Brandenburg 
Concerto No 1: Linde 
Consort). 950 News 
9.05 This Week's Composers: 
The Five. Borodin 
(Polovtsian March. Prince 
loor), Rimsky' -Korsakov 
(The rose and the 
nightingale, and In the 
silence of the Night with 
Galina Vishnevskaya. 

soprano). Balakirev 
(Symphony No t) 

1050 John Ctegg: piano 
recital. Ibert (Petite 
Suite), Debussy (Ballads: 

1050 Six Continents: Ian Me 
Dougal with foreign 
radio broadcasts, monitored 


the BBC (r) 

ischa Elman: the 
violinist in a recording of 
Wieniawskl's Vtofin concerto 
No 2 (with Robin DeH 
Orchestra of Philadelphia 

under HrtsDerg) 

11.15 The Proposal: short play 
by Chekhov. With 
Marcella Riordan, Stephen 
Grennen and Michael 

1145 BBC Welsh SO (under 
* Howard W&iamsy With 
Jill Gomez (soprano). 
Paunttik (Concerto 
festivo), Janecek (Cunning 
Little Vixen suite, orch by 
Taiich). Messiaen {Pomes 



pour Ml). 150 News 
Bristol Lunchtime 
Concert Uttn Kafr 
i). MeniJetssoftii 

'ariations s eneusss. Dp 
54), Haydn (Sonata imn F, H 
XVI 23). Beethoven 

(Sonata in A flat. Op 1 1 0) 
The Story of a Real Man: 
Prokofiev's last opera, 
sung in Russian. Bolshoi 
Theatre Orchestra and 
Chorus (under Mark Ermter). 
C8st indudes KIbkaJo, 
DgomJdova, Kurguxov and 
Suzanov(fn speaking 

roles), Pankov. Shulpin, 
Migiau, and Smlmova. 

On records 

4.00 Takacs String Quartet 
Schumann (Quartet in F. 

Op 41 No 2). Bartok (Quartet 
No 3). 455 News 

550 Mainly for Pleasure: 

music.PresentBd byy 
Richard Baker 

650 Bandstand: London 

Grimethorpg Aria, and 
Elgar Howarth's In 
memoriam R.K. The 
band is conducted by John 

750 A Little About You, 

Yosip: Ronald Pickup 
reads the storyby Igor 
Pomerantsev. The 
English translation is by 
Frank Williams 

7.30 Crfy of Birmingham SO 
(under Okko Kamu). with 
CBSO Men's Chorus. City of 
Birmingham Choir, and 
Nikita Storojev (bass). Part 
one. Schubert 
(Symphony No 5) 

8.00 One Pair of Ears: the 
week s radio music. With 
Julian Sudden 

950 Concert (contcfl: 

Shostakovich (Symphony 
No 13) 

955 Gillian Tirtgay: harp 

recital. Includes works by 
Hasseimans (Etude de 
concert. La source/. Nino 
Rota (Sarabands and 
Toccata). Jesus Guridi 

' ). and Carlos 
i cans 

lanui!} _ 

10.00 Music in our Time: 
recordings of Russian 
music, includes works by 
Nnoiai Karemrdkov 
(Lento variations, Op ti, 
played by Andrew Ball, 
piano), Edison Denisov (the 
cantata Sun of the Incas, 
with Nelli Li. soprano and 
Ensemble of Soloists ot 
the BolshoDxnd Sofia 

(Coneordanza for chamber 
orchestra. Ensemble of 
Soloists of the Botehoi) 

1150 First Night Howard 
Jacobson gives his 
verdict on Tons of Money at 
the Lyttelton Theatre 
11.10 Schumann and Bridge: 
Raphael WaKTlsch (cetto) 
and Peter Wattfishch (piano). 
Schumann (Rve Pieces 
in a Folk Styte^ Bridge 

(Viejo Zortzico). am 


f ? V "' K ' •' • . : 


On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 
5-55 Shipping. 650 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Fanning 
Today 655 Prayer for the 

650 Today, ind 6.30, 750, 

850 News. 645 
Business News. 655, 755 
Weather. 750, 850 
News. 755, 855 Sport. 745 
Thought for the Day. 855 
Yesterday in Parliament 
957 Weather; Travel 
950 News 
955 In Business. The 

business world, surveyed 


b^Peter ; Smith (r) 

Radio Programme. 
Reviews of, and reports 
on, radio programmes. With 
Laurie Taylor. 

ContntxJtore include Brenda 
Dean and Sarah Dunant 

10.00 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts reports on 

the health of medical care (r) 
1050 Morning Story. A Penny 
- lor the Guy by WB&am 
Miller. Read by Ralph Risen 
1045 An Act of Worship (s) 

1150 News; Travel.' Analysis: 

Can Unemployment be 
Beaten? Richard La yard. 
Professor of Economics 
at the London School of 
Economics, defends his 
thesis on how 
unemployment can be 
beaten in conversation with 
Patrick Minlord. 

Professor ot Applied 
Economics at Liverpool 
University (ft 

11.48 Tales of Long Ago. 

Howie Firth with legends 
that shed light on the past 
Today: The Everlasting 
Battle. » 

1250 News: You and Yours. 

Consumer advice 
12.27 Round Britain Quiz. 
Nationwide general 
knowledge contest Irene 
Thomas and Eric Korn 
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Fast pabfisbed in 1785 

**■* *•* + 


to move 

Celtic bow out in 

By a Correspondent 

Paul Goddard, the West 
Ham United forward, will 
decide today whether to join 
Newcastle United in a record- 
breaking £450.000 

iransfer.The England inter- 
national spent yesterday in 
Newcastle, but flew home last 
night without signing. 

Goddard agreed personal 
terms with United manager 
Willie McFauI. but said:“lt 
has been a hectic day and 1 
want to sit down quietly with 
xny wife and talk about the 
move. I've been impressed 
with what I’ve seen, though, 
and 1 don’t think there will be 
any problems." 

He added: “1 wouldn't hesi- 
tate if it involved a club near 
London, where I've been very 
fortunate to spend my whole 
career. It's where ! was 
brought up and this will be the 
first lime Fve had to leave 
home and start a new life. It's 
a long, long way to 

United are currently at the 
foot of the first division, but 
Goddard insisted that their 
poor start to the season 
wouldn't be a factor in his 
vcrdicL'Tt doesn't bother me 
one little bit." he said. “They 
seen to be in a false position." 

The 27-year-old has been 
offered a new contract by West 
Ham. but believes his chances 
will be restricted because of 
the presence of Tony Cottee 
and Frank McAvennie. 

He said:“West Ham don't 
want me to go. but my recent 
games in the team in place of 
Frank have whetted ray ap- 
petite for the first division." 

McFauI. who will smash 
Newcastle's record fee of 
£250.000 if Goddard signs, 
said last nighL-“rm very 
pleased with the way things 
have gone and Pm optimistic 
he will join us. 

•‘It's up to him — l can't do 
any more than agree the fee 
with West Ham and fix his 
personal terms. 1 will be 
disappointed if it falls through 
now, and [ won't be totally 
happy until his name goes on a 

If Goddard agrees to the 
move. Newcastle's general 
manager Russell Cushing will 
head south with the contract 
today to ensure he signs in 
time to play at Leicester on 

style as Soviets 
display their skills 

By a Correspondent 

Dynamo Kiev 
Celtic — — . — 


(Dvnamo win 4-2 on 

The sleek skills and 1 
finishing of Dynamo Kiev 
proved too much for Celtic in 
the European Cup yesterday, 
but the Scottish champions 
left the huge Central Stadium 
with their heads held high. 

They had fought bravely in 
giving the Russians, who are 
reckoned to be the best club 
side in Europe, the fright of 
their lives and remained in the 
second round tie with a 
chance of winning until a 
minute from the end. 

At limes, too, their aggres- 
sive but well-planned attacks 
silenced the 100,000 
spectators. who filled the 
stadium on a cold night, and 
Paul McStay matched any of 
his more renowned opponents 
in an elegant performance. 
Indeed, there was no hint of 
failure in the Celtic ranks; they 
lost really because they app- 
lied such exuberant pressure 

Souness is 
out of 
next round 

Yesterday’s results 

European Cup 
Second round, sec o n d lag 

O KIEV (1) 3 CELTIC (0) 1 
Blokhin. McGtwo 100.000 

Yakovenko. Yev- 

(Dynamo «nn 4-2 on agg) 

OTHER RESULTS: Steam Bucharest 1. 
AnderiecM (Agg: 1-3): Dynamo Benin 1. 
Broemibyemes I (Agg: 2-3): Ren Star 
Belgrade 4. Rasmfcxg I (Agg: 7-1) 


Second round, second leg 



(Dundee United wni 3-1 on agg) 

( 0 ) 0 

OTHER RESULTS: staN Brandenburg 1. 
IFK G6tet»s I (Agpr1-3J; Spartak »*»- 
cow S. Toufausa 1 (tag: 8-4); TraJua 
* - - :3^j;Raba 

Plowkv 2, Hatduk Spbt 2 (Ag 
Eto Gyflr 1. Tortn© 1 (Agg:1- 
Brighton D: Swindon 5. Portsmouth 2 . 



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that they left themselves open 
at the back in a dramatic 
second-half in which they 
more then shared the honours. 

But there was no disgrace 
this time in Celtic's dismissal 
from the tournament, which 
they won in 1967. David Hay, 
the manager, was justly proud 
of their play, especially of his 
younger players who came so 
near to gaming one of the 
dub's best results in European 

In the fust-half; however, 
Bonner was the Celtic saviour, 
his fine saves and intelligent 
anticipation baulking the ea- 
ger Dynamo attack, whose 
players flitted from defence to 
attack in kaleidescopic fash- 
ion. But the Irish international 
goalkeeper had no chance 
when Kiev opened the scoring 
after 12 minutes; a free-kick 
taken by the veteran Blokhin 
was floated past him with 
Brazilian impudence. 

Celtic changed their tactics 
after the interval, O’Leary' 
corning on for McGrain and 
MacLeod moving into the 
midfield. This led to a more 

positive approach and, for a 
spell, most of the play was 
confined to the Dynamo pen- 
alty area. 

McGhee equalized with a 
fine shot following a spirited 
run by McLeod and so force- 
ful was the Scottish onslaught 
that Charnov was called on to 
make several good saves to 
keep his side in the game. 

Celtic were still in com- 
mand when Kiev emerged 
from their lethargy to show 
why they are among the 
favourites to lake Europe’s 
premier trophy. In a quick 
break, Yakavanko slipped the 
ball into the Celtic goal from 
12 yards as the Scottish 
defenders vainly played for 

Gallantly, Celtic pressed 
even more briskly as they were 
well aware that another equal- 
izer would give them the tie on 
the away' goals rule. But they 
could not match their oppo- 
nents in finishing power and 
Yavashenko, in the dosing 
minutes, scored the goal 
which assured Dynamo of a 
place in the thir d round. 

McStay: his elegant performance more than matched the skBfid Russians in Be» yesterday 

Claesen is double-booked 

By Hugh Taylor 

Rangers’ delight over vic- 
tory in Europe was tempered 
yesterday by the announce- 
ment that Graeme Souness, 
their player manager, will not 
be available to play in the 
third round of the UEFA Cup, 
to be made tomorrow in 

Souness. who has an achil- 
les tendon injury, has been 
forced to go into hospital for 
an operation and he will be 
out of action for a month, 
which means he has no chance 
of playing in the UEFA Cup 
ties on November 26 and 
December 10. 

Although Souness will be 
missed, he was philosophical 
about what he called one of 
the wont injuries of his career 
and was still full of praise for 
the sophisticated way his team 
had played to defeat Boavista 
1-0 in Oporto. “So well did 
our midfield play that I might 
not have got my place back 
anyhow." He declared that the 
dub’sreal goal was the premier 
division championship. 

He put his players' feet back 
firmly on the ground when he 
said: “As we stand, we are not 
yet good enough to win either 
of these honours and our 
search for players continues." 
• Liverpool and Manchester 
United players will form the 
backbone of an Inter n a t io n al 
XI and a Pal Jennings sdect in 
a testimonial match for the 
former Northern Ireland goal- 
keeper at Windsor Park, Bel- 
fast, on December 3 (George 
Ace writes.) The venture is 
backed by TSB and Co- 
Operation North. 

Tottenham look set to lose 
their £600,000 Belgian striker 
Nico Claesen for their 
Littlewoods Cup tie with 
Cambridge United this month 
because he is wanted by his 
country on the same night. 

Claesen. who scored three 
goals in Belgium’s last game, is 
needed for a European 
Championship match against 
Bulgaria in Brussels on 
November 19. 

Tottenham are away to 
Camb ridge in the Littlewoods . 
Cup, and a win would take 
them to the quarter-finals. 
Manager David Pleat wants 
Claesen for that tie. 

Pleat said: “When 1 signed 
him, I said I would release him 
to play in international games, 
because I think they are 
important for him. But if there 
is a dub commitment on the 
same day, and it is important, 
that would take preference. 
We have got injuries, and l 
want Nico available for the 
Cambridge match." 

However, UEFA rules state 
that EEC clubs must release 

their players for their 
country's senior matches in 
the World Cup and European 

Under article two of the 
principles of co-operation, the 
UEFA regulation states: “It 
must be deariy stipulated in 
such a contract that the dub is 
obliged to put the player at the 
disposal of his original na- 
tional association for all FIFA 
and UEFA competition 
matches, ofhis national repre- 
sentative team without any 
charges whatsoever." 

Any dub in breach oV the 
article could be fined by 
UEFAA precedent was set in 
1980 when, after intervention 
by the Irish FA. five players 
had to be released by their 
dubs for the Republic of 
Ireland’s World Cup qualify- 
ing games. 

neat added: “At the mo- 
ment our dub secretary is 
looking at the situation. Clubs 
have to release their players in 
international weeks but for 
some reason it would appear 
that Belgium are playing out- 

side a normal international 
week." ; 

One escape for Claesen 
would be if Cambridge draw 
their first round FA Cup tie at 
Exeter on November 1 5. They 
would then replay die follow- 
ing week and the Littlewoods 
game against Tottenham on 
November 19 would be re- 
arranged, allowing him to 
compete against Bulgaria.' - 

• Norman Whiteside has not 
ruled himself out of Northern 
Ireland's European 
Championship match in Tur- 
key next week. The Manches- 
ter United midfield player will 
definitdy mss Saturday’s 
league match at Oxford 
United after damag ing knee 
ligaments in Tuesday night's 
4-1 defeat at Southampton. 

• Chesterfield defender Brian 
Ferguson has been forced to 
quit the game at the age of 25. 
He injured knee ligaments 
badly in the first minute of a 
testimonial match against 
Sheffield Wednesday last year, 
and after two operations, he 
has been told by a specialist he 
will never play again. 

Scots bring little 
cheer to rooftops 

From a Correspondent 
Craiova, Romania 

Uidversitatea Craiova 1 
Dundee United 0 


Droy’s boost for Brentford 

Brentford have signed the 
former Chelsea centre-half- 
Mickey Droy from Crystal 
Palace on a free transfer. Droy 
is Brentford’s second 
“veteran” signing in two days 
following the acquisition of 
the former Tottenham 
Hotspur captain Steve 
Perryman from Oxford 

Frank McClintock, the 
Brentford manager, said: “I 
am delighted with this coming 
on top of us getting Steve. 
Mickey's strength and experi- 
ence will be a great asset to 

Both Droy, aged 35, and 
Perryman, aged 34, who is 
also the third division club's 
new assistant manager, will 
make their debuts for Brent- 
ford at Chester City on 

• Nicky Morgan, the Ports- 
mouth forward, has joined 
second division rivals Stoke 
City on a month's loan. Mor- 
gan, aged 27, who scored 14 
League goals for Portsmouth 
last season, has failed to re- 
establish bis first team place 

this season and Stoke may 
make the move permanent if 
they can raise the £60,000 
asking price. Morgan makes 
his Stoke debut at Hull City on 

• Sheffield Wednesday are 
ready to part company with 
Chris Morris, a defender, if 
the price is right. Howard 
Wilkinson, the Wednesday 
manager, has accepted a trans- 
fer request from Morris, aged 
22, who has been playing in 
the reserves most of this 
season. But Wilkinson regards 
Morris, who made four first 
team appearances at the begin- 
ning of the season, as a 
valuable asset. 

Wilkinson said: "Chris has 
expressed his desire to move 
quite strongly and I under- 
stand his feelings but at the 
same time I believe we need a 
large squad. If anyone is 
interested they will have to 
name a price. Chris is worth a 
lot of money to this club." 

Morris added: “Wednesday 
are a great club but my first 
team chances here are limited. 
It’s time for me to start 

regular first team 


• Brighton and Hove Albion 
have pulled out of the deal to 
sign Mark Adams, a midfield 
player, from Harrow Borough, 
after agreeing terms with both 
the Vauxhall-Opel League 
club and the player. 

Adams agreed his personal 
terms and to sign a two-year 
contract with Alan Mutiery, 
the Brighton manager, last 
week. He left his job and had 
arranged for accommodation 
in the Sussex town. But Peter 

Suddaby, who is on the Brigh- 
ton staff,! 

(Dundee United win 3-1 

Dundee United progressed 
into the UEFA Cup third 
round without too many anx- 
ious moments in Romania 
yesterday afternoon. Despite 
all the pre-match concern. 
United comfortably weath- 
ered almost everything Cra- 
iova could conjure up. 

The inexperienced Scottish 
side quickly came of age deep 
inside Eastern Europe. Al- 
though Craiova maintained 
their excellent home record, 
they never at any stage looked 
like retrieving the three goals 
they conceded in Scotland. 

Afterwards, United’s nor- 
mally res e rved manager, Jim 
McLean, commented excit- 
edly: "I'm really proud of 
every player. Thar work rate 
was nothing short of in- 
credible. They did a great job. 
When you take into account 
the team's lack of experience 
at this level, it’s an outstand- 
ing achievement.” 

The manager said if anyone 
had to be singled out it was 
Billy Thomson, the goal- 
keeper. He settled everyone 
early on letting the Roma- 
nians know they had someone 
special to beau 

“It’s so important for a 
defence to know they can rdy 
on the ‘keeper to take every- 
thing in the air,” McLean 
continued. "The kids in the 
back four took their lead from 
Thomson, and did tremen- 

dously weB when you consider 
Maurice Malpas was the eldest 
at 23. It was a big test but we 
came throu^r it magnif- 

In feci. United could easily 
have won this away 1% too. 
On a bitterly cold day. they 
quickly silenced the home 
crowd of 50,000 plus the 
hundreds watching from 
surrounding rooftops. Al- 
though the attendance was ail 
ticket, many holders started 
queueing four and a half hours 
before kick-off. It was a big 
day in central Romania. 
United, however, were in no 
mood to sympathize. 

In the first halfhour 
Bannon shot straight at the 
goalkeeper, Rada cleared off 
the line from S tarrock and 
Bannon strode the bar with a 
header. While it was never a 
bad tempered tie; the French 
referee showed the yellow card 
to Beaumont, Bannon and 
Rada in the first half 

The Romanians made their 
big move immediately after 
half-time. They scored in foe 
58th minnte when Clark and 
McGinnis hesitated. Bita 
rounded Beaumont and al- 
though Thomson got a hand 
to the shot, foe ball span into 
the roof of the net. 

With Bannon and Redfold 
shuffling between midfield 
and attack. United countered 
by denying Craiova space in 
which to work. 

Nogrtta. E SfendoL N Ungurtanu. a 
R opescu. r Rata. M Mbs. G Ur. I 

GaQqgu.G Tope9 aj.SSWu. • 

{XM]EEUM7T3£B Thomson: MMatoos. 
G McGmrw. D Beaumont J dark, j 

Mdnaiy. O Bowman. R M*». E Bannon, 

Rafarac: A Datamar (France). 

telephoned to say foe 
deal was off. 

Keith Chamberlin, the Har- 
row manager, said: "Every- 
body at Harrow Borough had 
done everything to allow 
Mark to move and make 
1 feel very upset for 
and goodness knows he 
feels at the moment. " 

• The Sunderland forward 
Dave SwincDehizrst, is likely to 
be out of action for three 
weeks after pulling a ham- 
string in the Full Members 
Cup defeat at Bradford. 

Wolves appeal rejected 

Wolverhampton Wanderers 
have lost an appeal against a 
£5,000 fine imposed for their 
late withdrawal from this 
season's Central League- Dick 
Homden, the fourth division 
club's chairman, and Keith 
Pearson, the secretary, pre- 
sented foe dub's case to an FA 
committee in Manchester yes- 
terday but were unsuccessfuL 
On top of foe £5,000 fine, 
the club wore also ordered to 
pay foe £25 appeal fee and 

hefty costs. Homden argued 
that as his new regime took 
control on August 18, they had 
no chance of withdrawing by 
foe April 1 deadline. 

This latest financial blow 
came on foe day that Wolves, 
who polled out to save on 
travelling costs, were planning 
to allow their manager, Gra- 
ham Turner, a “small amount 
of money” for team 


Day when the 
young got 
their measure 

“Bowls is a young man's 
game that old men can play," 
said David Biyant. at 55 foe 
oldest player left in foe OS 
UK singles championship (a 
Special Correspondent 
writes}. To prove the point 
yesterday was a day for young 
bowlers to parade their talents 
at the Preston Guild HalL The 
average age of the players on 
display was 29 years. 

Yesterday’s opening match 
featured Angus Qgilvie Blair, 
aged 21. a flamboyant young 
man and the Scottish outdoor 
champion. His opponent, 
John Onaway. who is 31. is 
foe English champion of 

Playing for the privilege of 
meeting Bryant in foe quarter 
final, both men played 
marvelous bowls. Blair, from 
Haddington in East Lothian, 
was more versatile than 
Ottaway, and his greater vari- 
ety of foots gave him the first 
set 7-5. 

Ottaway. from 

Wymondham Dell, was able 
to steady himself sufficiently 
to win the second set 

Under enormous pressure. 
Ottaway'? technique then fal- 

RESULT: Second mnd: A Bar jSooj- 

lan^ trt J Ottaway (Enrfand) 7-5, 5.? 
7 -a 


Russian is 


Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Russian weightlifter, Anatoly 
Pisarenko, who was dismissed 
from the national team last 
year after his conviction on 
drugs charges in Canada, has 
been named to compete in foe 
world championships, which 
begin in Sofia on Saturday. A 
Communist Party daily news- 
paper in Moscow included the 
super-heavyweight from Kiev 
in a list of participants. 

Pisarenko was strinxd of 
his awards last January along 
with his arch rival, Alexander 
Kurtovich. and the national 
team trainer, Alexandr 
Pritepin. for activities that 
were “damaging the honour of 
Soviet sportsmen”. Late las 
year, a Canadian court con- 
victed Pisarenko and 
Kuijo vich of possessing and 
intending to sell anabolic ste- 
roids in Canada Kurtovich 
was not named for foe 
championships in Sofia and 
Prilepin has died. 

NZ surprises 

Dax, fiance (AFP) — New 
Zealand sprang two surprises 
when they named their ream for 
the first Rugby Union inter- 
national against France in Tou- 
louse on Saturday. Out of the 
pack are foe hooter, Hika Reid, 
and the wing forward. Meric 
Shaw, the selection going to 
Sean Fitzpatrick and Mike 

ICW ZEALMfft K Crowtay; J (Oman. J 
Saniw. A Stone, C Green; F Bettes, D 
Kirk; S MeOowel. S Fitzpatrick. J Drake, 
G Whetton, M Pierce, M Brewer. W 
Sheiford. J Hobbs (rape. ReptaceawitK 
J Gafeagber. G FoxTd Kanojr, A EerT. K 
H Hefei 

Dorigo: gets passport 

Key draw 

Dorigo cleared 

Site chosen 

The HFC UK athletics 
championships will be held at 
the Moorways stadium. Derby, 
on May 24 and 25 next year. The 
secretary of the British Amateur 
Athletics Board. Nigel Cooper, 
said: “This move will continue 
foe sport's policy of taking 
athletics 10 new venues in the 

Tony Dorigo has been cleared 
10 play for England’s nnder-21 
side against Yugoslavia at Peter- 
borough neat week. The Aston 
Villa foil back learned yesterday 
that be had been granted a 
British passport. The England 
manager, Bobby Robson, has 
added him to his junior squad. 
Dorigo was bora in Australia 
but has travelled extensively on 
an Italian passpor t . He qualified 
for British citizenship after five 
years' residency. A British pass- 
port was crucial for his 
participation in the European 

West Ham and foe . holders, 
Chelsea, have been drawn to- 
gether at Upton Park in the third 
round of the FUJI Members’ 
Cup. The marches are to be 
played in the week starting 
' November 24. 

ORAK Southampton or Hoi v Norwich; 
v Watford; ShefteW 

Manch ester Ctty v W at ford; Sheffir 
Wednesday v Portsmouth; Chariton 
Bradford: Brerton v Newcastle; Res* 

or Ipswich v Aston VSa or Darby: 

Ham v Chaisea; Blackburn v Oxford 


Murray move 

Squash aid 

Bellway Homes, the builders, 
have sponsored ■ women's 
squash for £100.000. The assis- 
tance. wiU cover sponsorship of 
leagues in the Home Counties 
for foe next four years. 

Gordon Murray, who de- 
signed the Brabham cars which 
won . foe Formula One grand 
prix drivers’ championships of 
1981 and 1983 for . Nelson 
Piquet has joined the McLaren 
racing team. Murray, who -will 
direct McLaren 's new factory in 
Woking, joins the team which 
has won the last three world 
drivers' tides. He will fill the gap 

caused by the departure to 
Ferrari of 


the designer, John 


Teamwork has 
Thomas back 
at Coventry 

Paul Thomas, who shook 
Coventry by resigning on 
Monday, had another shock 
for foe dub yesterday — be 
withdrew his resignation (a 
Special Correspondent wri- 
tes). He bad announced his 
intention of joining Rugby 
and played one game under 
that dub’s banner — for 
Warwickshire - against 
Leicestershire on Tuesday. 

He was persuaded to change 
his mind’ by foe Coventry 
players, nine of them were 
playing alongside him for foe 
county. Yesterday, Thomas 
contacted Eric Blackburn, the 
Coventry chairman, and 
asked if ire could withdraw his 
resignation- Blackburn agreed 


Peter Jackson, the Coventry 
secretary, saitfThis is a bi- 
zarre business. We were puz- 
zled why he should want to go 
to Rugby, though we know 
there is a certain element in 
that dub trying to persuade 
some of our players to join 
them. . 

“We could understand 
Steve Brain , going there in 

September because .he was' 
offered aic 

J a job but, unless some 

sort of incentive was offered to 
Thomas, „ there ; seemed "no 
logical, explanation. We are 
glad he has changed his-mind 

Style foe 

to MCC 


By Oer Sports Stuff 

Plus for next year's MCC 
bicentenary e d drath as, be- 
gun two years ago* are new 
Almost complete. Detaifehave 
been released to the dab's 
I&OQQ m embers and in afofi- 
tton to foe nuBEbmaae . 
five-day match between MCC 
and foe Rest of the World at 
Lord’s in Assist, foe a Unc- 
tions include * Spring Hell, an 
aactten of material from foe 
dob's reserve co&ctiM of 
axfcemna and a te c teu on 
Dorset Square, the site of 
Thomas Lord's first ground. 

Style is foe keynote of 
MCCs ate to celebrate this 
landmark in foe history of foe 
maid's most famous cricket 
dub and ground, so it fe 
appropriate that foe eefcbra- 

marq ue e at 
March. A 

cabaret mS he 

__ by Two HSce, 

mcketophite, lyricist and 
MCC member, and dose rf 
play trffl beat 2.0 ul 
T be pnfefic auction that 
follows in April, arranged by 
Christie's and held in foe Long 
Room at Lord's, wifi provide* 
unique opportunity to acquire 
rare pictures, prints, photo- 
graphs, books, hate and other 
item? connected with foe 
game, which have been tying 
soseen in foe basement of toe 
Lord's parities because MCC 
have no space to display than 

MCC began life 

as drinking dob 

Many of foe hems were 
pres e nted or bequeathed to the 
dub and doaors w3I be green 
the option of haring their gifts 
returned if they do not wish 
them to be put up for sale. 
MCC intend to create from the 
proceeds an aegmshfoas fund 
from which they will, for foe 
first time, be able to hoy 
important cricketing works of 

Cate gories of material rathe 
sale wm be: de di ca tes of 
pictures and eagranuKs hi the 
dub's main, displayed collec- 
tion; one-off prints frmnneg- 
afrees of cricket photographs 
owte by foe dote paintings or 
objects in needs of expensive 
. restoration; and a wide range 
of cricketana with local, re- 
gional or individual, rather 
tte national or inteteioiial. 
The seemmgly 
insatible demand for 
c ricketing bygones should en- 
sure the success of foe safe- 

anniversary (firmer for mem- 
bers m the partition, a re- 
minder that MCC probably 
hgu life as a drinking and 
dinting dob, and mi Monday, 
June U in a marquee pitched 
on the gardens of Dorset 
Square, a luncheon will cele- 
brate foe first match played on 
tire first Lord's groond, which 
stood less than a mBe from the 
present (third) ground in St 
John’s Wood. 

On May 31 and June U 
.1787, eight gentlemen of foe 
Co«Hty of Middlesex with two 
gentlemen of Berkshire and 
one of Kent defeated nine 
gentiemen of foe County of 
Essex with two given men by 
93 runs for a parse of 200 
Guineas. Representatives of 
those comities win be invited 
to foe lunch, which will be 
sponsored by a brewery, 
appropriately so, as Thomas 
Lord was lessee of a pah at foe 
time he opened the gromuL 

Long Room date 
for the wives 

On foe eve of foe bi- 
centenary match itself there 
win be a dinner at foe 
Guildhall and then, on August 
20-25, foe match which pron- 

to earlier anniversary occa- 
sions — North v South (I837X 
MCC v England (1887), North 
v South and MCC Australian 
XI v The Rest (1937) — which 
were purely domestic affairs. 

To increase public interest 
in die match, MCC will run a 
competi ti on in which entrants. 
wiD attempt to- predict foe 
composition of the teams. Tbe 
MCC ride wOI be chosen from 
aB cricketers playing in foe 
United Kingttom in 1987; foe 
Rest of foe World selectors, 
who have already nominated 
Allan Bonier, of Australia, as 
their captain, will be allowed 
to include in their 12, force 
overseas cricketers playing in 
foe UK who have bo t been 
chosen by MCC. 

To complete the celebra- 
tions a cocktail party wifi be 
held in the Long Room for 
members and their wives, 
offering; women a' rare 

opportunity to eater cricket's 

Wuhr.'.ikr » T. lun 

memories alive tong after Jbe 
jraketing is over, a host of 
bi c enten a ry smvemis “has 
beat conunisskmed , ranging 
from a 9c t members 1 gold 
brooch at £225 through *£100 
leather-bound limited edition 
of the iiffinai hkentenkl his- 
tory by the former England 
captain, Tony JLems, to a 
tankanlaf £3L75 and a key fob 
at £1.95. .jft 'teuld'he a 
memorable summer. r ~ 



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