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f-i. •- 

■f • . 

aims to 

TV licence fee 

By Jonathan Miller, Media Correspondent 

The Government hopes to competition, the Government other 


introduce a comprehensive 
broadcasting Bill early in the 
next Parliament, p hasing out 
the television licence fee and 
introducing other sweeping 
changes in the basic structure 
of Bntish television. 

The licence fee will be 
replaced by a voluntary sys- 
tem of subscription that will 
allow the reception of BBC 
programmes only by those 
who pay for them. 

The Home Secretary, Mr 
Douglas Hurd, calls subscrip- 
tion television the hinge to a 
new future for British 
broadcasting. “We are on the 
edge of change and that 
change will affect the BBC as 
well as almost everybody 
else," he said. 

The Government is ex- 
pected to argue that while it 
was logical to have a com- 
pulsory licence fee while the 
BBC operated a monopoly, it 
has become less so with the 
advent of independent 

The logic of the licence-fee 
approach will be unsuppon- 
abie when cable television, 
satellite broadcasting and 
other changes open up the 
television market to intense 

The Bill is also likely to 
include a guaranteed right of 
access to the BBC and in- 
dependent television stations 
for independent producers, a 
measure which, the Govern- 
ment hopes, will introduce 
more competition into a tele- 


attacked from alf 
sides, the police 
are at the sharp end 
of a rapidly 
changing society. A 
five-part series 
begins today with a 
front-line report 
from one of 
touahest beats — 
while tomorrow 
Home Secretary 
Dougias Hurd 
defines the limits of 
police power 

0 The £16,003 weekly 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition, double the 
usual amount because 
there was no winner the 
previous week, was 
won on Saturday by Mr 
Alfred McNamee of 
Bailleslon, Glasgow. _ 
« The £4,000 daily prize 
was shared by f ojj Q 
readers. Details page 3 
9 There is a further 
£ 4,000 to be won today. 

Portfolio list page 26; 
rules and how to ptay> 
information service, 
page 20. 


CBI backing 

CB1 leaders launched a pre- 
election business manifesto 
and broke wilh ra &tro n by 
announcing for the first toe 
their support for a Coosei^ 
vative victory ai 
election ragezi 

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it it it is it t!i5L 

Mr Hard: “We are on the 
edge of change.” 
virion programme market 
dominated by the broadcast- 
ing organizations themselves. 

The precise content of the 
Bill win depend on a par- 
liamentary debate to be held 
before Christmas, and on the 
findings of a technical study 
into the feasibility of moving 
to a subscription system. 

However, it is understood 
that the study is likely to 
conclude that a subscription 
system is technologically pos- 
sible, allhough it wifi take 
some time to introduce. 

Pay-television is already in 
Operation in France, the 
United States and a handful of 

countries, but the 
Government's plans for the 
BBC would, if implemented, 
be likely to create the world’s 
largest and most technically- 
sophisticated subscription 
television system. 

Because such a system 
could not be introduced for a 
number of years, the govern- 
ment is expected to accept the 
recommendation of the Pea- 
cock Committee on 
broadcasting finance to index 
fixture rises m the licence fee. 

The BBC has asked for the 
indexation to be linked to the 
cost of broadcasting, while the 
Peacock Committee recom- 
mended that the indexation be 
linked to the general rate of 

In a speech to the Royal 
Television Society, at tbs 
weekend, Mr Hurd made it 
clear that the Government is 
philosophically ready to ac- 
cept a “pay-per-view" scheme 
as an alternative to the licence 
fee, and announced that it is to 
schedule an early debate on 
the Peacock Committee's 

He did not believe that h. 
would be enough simply to 
allocate the new possibilities, 
whether on televirion or on 
radio, between the two wings 
of the existing structure. 

• Independent television 
producers said yesterday they 
expect to emerge as winners 
from the Government’s re- 
view of broadcasting policy, 
gaining the right to have more 
of their programmes broad- 
cast by the BBC and ITV 

rules out 
poll ‘dash’ 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 
Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, yes- 
terday ruled oma snap general 
election aimed at capitalizing 
on the Government’s public 
spending bonanza, and held 
out the hope of two more 
budgets before the country 
goes to the perils in 1988. 

‘T am absolutely certain 
that there is no quick dash to 
the country in mmd,” he said. 
The Chancellor insisted last 
week's decision to increase 
public expenditure fay an extra 
£4.73 trillion next year was 
made mi the basis that the 
Government would serve its 
full five year term. 

There was “no imperative 
at all" for the election to be 
held next year and he would 
be “quite content to go the 
whole way until 1988.” 

He confirmed his intention 
to reduce income tax to 2Sp in 
the pound, although he could 
not say when it would happen. 
But he warned that pressure 
on sterling, caused in pan by 
City fears of a Labour govern- 
ment, might require interest 
rates to rise. 

While the Prime Minister is 
unlikeiyto refer to the growing 
election fever when she makes 
her annual speech at the 
Guildhall tonight, she shares 
Mr Lawson’s antipathy to an 
early pofl. 

Mr Lawson's attempts to 
dampden down expectations 
of an early poll came as a third 
successive opinion poll put 
the Conservatives in the lead. 
The MORI survey in 
yesterday's Sunday Tima put 
the Tories on 40 per cent. 
Labour on 39 per cent and the 
SDP/Uberal Alliance on 18 

The Chancellor, in his first 
full interview since announc- 
ing his surprise spending pack- 
age last Thrusday, rejected 
suggestions that the Govern- 
ment had performed a U-turn 

alert in 
North Sea 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Ships which monitor North 
Sea pollution and radioactiv- 
ity levels for the Ministry of 
Agricuture and Fisheries have 
been alerted to track a flood of 
mercury due to be discharged 
from the Rhine later ibis 

Their measurements of how 
this lethal plume is dispersing 
wiD be relayed to experts on 
the protection of coastal and 
offshore North Sea fisheries. 

Aquatic life in the Rhine 
was destroyed as an estimated 

Kook of 




Safety flaws 

30 tons of mercury and other 
chemicals iced in the manu- 
facture of pesticides drifted 
down the river from Basle in 
Switzerland, through Ger- 
many, and to the Netherlands 
at the weekend. 

The mercury, the key 
ingredient of a powerful fun- 
gicide, was washed into the 
river when firemen fought a 
blaze at the Sandra chemical 
plant, near Basle, more than a 
week ago. 

ft undid efforts of 10 years 
to Clean up the Rhine, which 
had been criticized as ‘‘becom- 
ing Europe's sewer” because 
of the effluent from rapid in- 

Royal Family remembers war dead 

The Princess of Wales, Princess Anne and the Duchess of York view the ceremony yesterday (Photographs: Chris Harris) 


Chinook pilot 
gives clue to 
cause of crash 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

The captain of the crashed hit the water he was able to tell 

his co-pilot through the micro- 
phone connected to his bead- 

Chinook helicopter has given 
accident investigators a de- 
tailed description of the last 
moments of his flight to 

As a result they now believe 
they know to within a few 
centimetres the exact compo- 
nent which fractured and 
caused Britain's worst heli- 
copter disaster. 

Captain Pushi Vaid, aged 
45, who is regarded by other 
helicopter pilots as one of the 
finest in the world, told of- 
ficials from the Accident In- 
vestigation Branch what 
happened as he was descend- 
ing through 500 feet towards 
the Shetland Islands airport of 
Sum burgh. 

All his instruments were 
working normally, he ' tcrid 
them, as he made his final 
approach. There was no in- 
dication that there was any- 
thing wrong as he gave his 
final “two minutes to 
touchdown” message and 
feathered back the rotors to 
slow the helicopter’s forward 

* But suddenly there was a 
loud bang and the Boeing 234 
dropped like a stone towards 
the sea, breaking up as it hit 
the water and sinking immed- 

As the helicopter dropped 
down the G-forces forced his 
hands upwards and away from 
tiie control column so be was 
unable to reach the radio 
button to call for assistance or 
to give any warning that be 
was in trouble. 

But in those few brief split 
seconds before the helicopter 

set that there was a major 
problem with the rear rotor. 

From endless practice in a 
Simula lor he knew that the 
blades of the front and rear 
rotors had become un synchro- 
nized and had hit each other 
breaking one off and malting 
the helicopter behave as if it 
had hit a brick wall 
From his description in- 
vestigators realised that the 
part they most needed lay in 
the rear portion of the heli- 
copter 300 feet beneath the 

Hoot goes on 

surface of the North Sea. Now 
they bdieve they have got it 
on board Deepwater One and 
have already begun to strip it 

It is a “combiner” - a piece 
of machinery that acts rather 
like the differential in the rear 
axle of a motor car. 

The helicopters two en- 
gines produce power which 
turns a shaft spinning hori- 
zontally. This, is then con- 
verted into energy to drive 
another shaft called a 
synchronizing shaft which 
takes the power to the forward 
rotor and makes it spin at a 
speed designed to miss die 
blades of the rear rotor. . 

The rear rotor is driven by. 
another shaft coming out of 
the combiner but spinning 
vertically before another set of 

Controlled ou page 20, col 7 

guard the 

By David Sapsted 
Controversy and a cordon 
of unprecedented security sur- 
rounded yesterday’s remem- 
brance ceremony at the 
Cenotaph in Whitehall. In the 
end, however, it was “the 
glorious. dead” who remained 
uppermost in the thoughts of 
the thousands who turned out 
to pay their respects. 

As armed police stood by on 
rooftops and as every visitor 
to the ceremony was screened 
for weapons at airport-style 
security gates, members of the 
Royal Family, political lead- 
ers and old soldiers laid floral 
tributes to the fallen heroes. 

The security measures 
meant that hundreds of people 
were unable to get near the 
memorial but the intrinsic, 
moving solemnity of the occa- 
sion was un diminished. 

To a man, woman and 
child, they wore red poppies. 
The anti-nudear campaigners’ 
white version appeared three 
hours later in a virtually 
unnoticed ceremony perfor- 
med by 200 members of the 
Peace Pledge Unioa 
An hour earlier, 500 Na- 
tional Front members laid 
their own wreath as more than 

The Queen fays a floral 
tribute at the Cenotaph 

1.000 officers policed a rival 
anti-fascist march in a success- 
ful effort to keep the two sides 

It was the threat of terrorist 
reprisals for the bombing of 
Libya and the expulsion of 
Libyan diplomats, allied to 
fears of clashes between left 
and right wing groups that 
brought hundreds of police on 
to the streets but, at the end of 
the ceremony, it was the 
community singing of “Rule 
Continued on page 20, col 3 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

Teaching unions and their 
local authority employers ap- 
peared last night to be making 
slow, but steady progress in 
their efforts to resolve the 
Jong-running pay dispute and 
reach an agreement on a 

More than 24 hours after 

the Acas-sponsored negotia- 
tions began in Noningham, 
the crucial issue of pay had 
Still not been brought up for 
discussion. The indications 
were that exchanges on salary 
structure would not begin in 
earnest until today . 

Dominating the agenda yes- 
terday was the issue of 
teachers’ duties and con- 
ditions of service. After more 
than 10 hours in which both 
sides had met separately and 
then together to discuss the 
controversial topics of non- 
contract time, covering for 
absent colleagues and the 
maximum class size of pupils. 
Mr John Pearman, the leader 
of the Labour-led local educa- 
tion authorities, emerged say- 
ing that he felt both sides were 
“quite close to an agreementl 

However, the impression 
given by the leaching unions 
was that Mr Pearman 's op- 
timism was premature. 

The Government’s pay 
offer is worth 16.4 per cent 
over two years, with differen- 
tials which would reward 
among others, head teachers, 
their deputies, and teachers of 
shortage subjects. 

Opposed to this hierarchical 
structuring of pay are the two 
largest teaching unions, the 
National Union of Teachers 
and the National Association 
of Schoolmasiers/Union of 
Women Teachers and many 
of the local authority eraploy- 

II appears that some sort of 
compromise between these 
rival systems of pay distribu- 
tion will be necessary, 

O Some Scottish parents have 
reacted angrily to a proposal 
by the Educational Institute of 
Scotland tEISl to reject the 
Government's pay offer. 

Mr Da rid Carmichael, of 
the pressure group Parents 
Against Targeted Schools, said 
yesterday that if there was 
disruption in schools they 
would ask the Government to 
impose a settlement on the 

Labour borough 

By Tim Jones 

The controlling Labour 
group in the London Borough 
of Ealing decided last night to 
comply with a High Court 
order to end its ban on 
displaying News International 
newspapers in its libraries. 

The legal consequences of 
continuing its action were 

spelt out to councillors at a 
meeting yesterday. 

Ealing was one of IS La- 
bour-controlled authorities in 
England and Wales which had 
set out to punish News Inter- 
national, publishers of The 
Times, and three other na- 
tional newspaper lilies, be- 
cause of its dispute with 5,500 
former employees, who went 

oa strike and were dismissed. 

Camden and Hammer- 
smith and Fulham, the two 
other London boroughs in- 
volved in the legal action, 
restored The Times, The Sun- 
day Times. The Sun and :he 
News of the World to their 
libraries after the ruling by 
Lord Justice Watkins. 

Deadline extended, page 2 

Threat by 
Patten on 
rent debt 

By Out Political 

Local authority rent arrears 
in England have a reached a 
new record well above £200 
million, with some councils 
foiling to collect money from 
up to a quarter of their council 

The scale of the rent debt 
has appalled Mr John Fatten, 
Minister for Housing, Urban 
Affairs and Construction, and 
today he will tell local 
authority chiefs that unless 
they take effective action to 
cut arrears substantially, the 
Government will be forced to 

Mr Patten first asked coun- 
cils to improve their rent 
co fleeting a year ago, but the 
latest Department of Environ- 
ment figures Show their re- 
sponse has been dismal. A 
majority of local authorities 

Continued on page 20, col 4 

‘Shultz to resign’ 
over Iran talks 

From Michael Binyon. Washington 
The revelations of US con- in^ with Iran. Senator Rich- 
tacts with Iran, involving the 
supply of military spare parts 
in an attempt to free the US 
hostages' in Lebanon, has 
caused a crisis within the 
Reagan Administration, and 
there was talk yesterday that 
Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 

ard Lugar. former Republican 
chairman of the Senate For- 
eign Relations Committee, 
said yesterday that he did not 
think Mr Shultz would resign, 
and that such talk was mere 
press speculation. 

A State Department spokes- 

retary 'of State, was man also described the story 
contemplating resigning. as “pure speculation 

Mr Shultz returned at the 
weekend from Vienna, 
complaining on the plane to 
the press that he had been 
“muzzled” by the White 
House. And, in an indirect 
criticism, he reiterated that 
not negotiating for hostages 
was the right policy. 

He has given no public hint 
of his reaction to the revela- 
tions. Reports suggest that he 
may have known something 
was going on and chosen not 
to investigate because of his 
firm opposition to any deai- 

Sources close to Mr Shultz, 
however, said that if there was 

Moment of troth 7 
Strained loyalty 16 

anything that would prompt 
him to resign, it was this. 
“There is no issue he cares 
about more than counter- 
terrorism. and the disclosures 
would seem to make a mock- 
ery of everything Shultz 
stands for,” one source told 
the New York Tima. 
Continued on page 20, col 8 

More of a washout than a beanfeast 

By John Young 
Agrioiltere Correspondent 

R akfri beans, one of the 
nation’s most b enduringty 
popular convenience foods 
and one of the few to be 
commended by nutritionists 
as a valuable source of fibre, 
are expected to become scarce 
and expensive during the next 
few months. 

The reason is unprece- 
dented heavy rainfoll which 
has devastated crops in the 
main growing areas, the 
American sate of Michigan 
and the Canadian province of 
Ontario. A few weeks ago 
growers were expecting a 
record harvest, but the pos- 
ition is described now as 
catastrophic. ... 

The price of a 100 lb bag of 

Canadian beans has soared 
from $27 to around $70, 
which is expected to add at 
least 6p to the retail price of a 
] 5 oz can now costing between 
15p and 21p. 

Moreover, the crop failure 
is likely to cause an unseemly 
scramble for supplies among 
big canning firms such as 
Heinz and Crosse & Black- 
well Alternative sources being 
canvassed include South 
America, East Africa and even 

Ro mania 

Worldwide baked bean 
consumption is around 

800.000 tonnes a year, of 
. which the British eat a healthy 

80.000 tonnes. That repre- 
sents 4,500,000 cans a day, 
with an annual retail value of 
more than £200 million. 

Thr beans which have won 

such international acclaim 
since they were first doused in 
tomato sauce and canned are 
dry white haricots, known as 
navy beans ever since they 
were used to feed the United 
States Navy. 

In an attempt to reduce an 
fpmial import bill of between 
£20 and £30 million, and to 
provide an alternative and 
potentially profitable crop for 
British farmers, the National 
Vegetable Research Station at 
Weuesbourne in Warwick- 
shire has for some years been 
trying to produce a suitable 
bean that will thrive in the 
British climate- The varieties 
at present grown in this coun- 
try are too huge and fibrous 

But despite communication 
and exchanges of information 

with bean-breeders in far- 
flung corners of the world, the 
scientists have so for foiled to 
come up with an acceptable 

Even if a suitable new 
variety could be genetically 
synthesized, there is some 
doubt as to whether yields 
would be high enough to be 
economic. There arc also 
doubts about whether it could 
be effectively harvested in the 
wet summers and autumns 
which arc more frequent here 
than in North America. 

Meanwhile, market 
researchers will be eagerly 
trying to discover what on 
earth we will buy instead if the 

humble bean begins to dis- 
appear from our supermarket 

Race is on 
to sign 
Ian Botham 

Worcestershire and 
Warwickshire are making the 
early running in the chase to 
sign Ian Botham, who said 
vesierday from Australia, 
where he is touring with 
England, that he will leave 
Somerset as a resuk of the 
club's members backing the 
dismissal of Vjv Richards and 
Joel Gamer. 

Botham has a long-term 
contract with Worcestershire’s 
chairman, Duncan Feamley. 
who endorses bis cricket 
equipment, while David 
Brown, Warwickshire’s 
cricket manager, has con- 
firmed their interest. 

Details, page 36 
David Milter, page 34 



















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Team to combat 

immigrants plot 

Government fears of a - 

illegal immigrants from Nigeria and Ghana to enter Britain 
has m ogfah Hchmowt nf g sperial inTctiaalkm team. 

The Home Office confirmed yesterday that a secret 
meeting of officials took plai* rnSeptemlw., when the scale 
of the infiltration was discassed. 

As a result, immigration and welfare department 
investigators are looking koto a large rasadicr of rases 
involving people from both cnotries who “appearto c| i® 
breach of i mm i gra tion tows and who may be iwilfia ® 
benefit frauds 1 *. One estimate d a m that the wdfe®® 
frauds could be costing more than £5 esiSha ayear. 

Investigators suspect that some illegal nmmgrSHfs gain 
entry by applying for the birth certificate of a dead perso n - 



A landscape painting 
which a Dorset couple were 
ready to give away with, 
their home has turned out 
to be worth at least 


The 12ft by 6ft pictnre by 
Australian artist Nicholas 
Chevalier is believed to 
have hong in Owyar 
House, Brtndmayne, since 
it was built 90 years ago- 

A schools* football 
league of 12 teams, ran for 
82 years is Swindon, Wilt- 
shire, is to be stopped 
because It is “to* 

Mr Geoff Waiters, sec- 
retary of Swindon Schools* 
Football Association, said 

Mr Anthony Tewsoo, a 
senior engineer with Wes- 
sex Water Authority, was 
ready to leave it behind 
when he sold his house, bat 
an auctioneer called in to 
value ftmuture spotted the 

came after a survey of 12 
secondary schools. 
“Teachers want less 
emphasis tm competition, 
and more on getting all 
children involved” he said. 

"They are worried abort 
the emphasis pieced tm 
competition, and want to 
promote enjoyment and 

Heart man awake 

Britain's first patient to recei ve an artificial heart 
transplant is now conscious and breathing on his own, five 
days after a second operation to fit a h n ma n organ. 

The man aged 40, who has not been vanned, is in inten- 
sive care at JPapworfo Hospital, Cambridgeshire. 

Mr John Edwards, spokesman for the heart transplant 
programme at the hospital, said yesterday: "Our patient is 
now fully conscious and breathing on his own wife the aid 
of a ventilator. His new heart to ftmetimrin g satisfactori ly.” 

fire hero 

A minibus driver was 
halted as a hero yesterday 
for repeatedly returning to 
his blazing relride to res- 
cue wheelchair-bound 

Fotnr people died trapped 
in their banxma car after it 
collided with the mhrihas 
from a Cheshire home at 
Brfcdnun, Devon. 

Mr Keith Cook, left, the 
minSbns driver, was the 
only one of 13 people on 
bond uni n j ured after the 
accident on Saturday on 
toe Brixham to Paignton 

A passenger rescued 
from toe car wns also taken 
to hospital where Ins 
ditioa was "serions”. 

Coroners seek pay parity with junior judges 

By Frances Gibb 

Legal Affairs 
The 157 coroners in Eng- 
land and Wales are seeking a 
oihdnnrifli increase in their 
pay to put them on a level with 
junior judges. 

There is growing concern 

by local authorities, that 

salaries are out of Step with the 

pressures and de- 

Tbey want to be accorded 
recognition of that rede as 
j nHkaai officers, through pay 
parity with registrars and 
stipendiary magistrates, as 
recommended by toe Brodrick 
committee on coronets in 

At present coroners are paid 
on a level determined by toe 
salaries oflocal authority chief 

A full-time coroner receives 
four-fifths of a chief officers 
salary, amounting to a 
znum of £22363 and going op 
to £24,774 for a coroner with 
more than sis years* 

County court registrars and 
5tipeudiaiy magistrates are on 
just over £31,000 a year. 

The proposals have been 
put forward in the current 
round of pay talks between the 
Coroners' Society and the 
local authority associations. 

The local authorities, which 

have just offered coroners a 
10 per cent pay rise, are con- 

‘Loyalists’ in 
car bombs 

threat to 
the South 

By Richard Ford 


Security on both sides of the 
Irish bonder will be tightened 
this week after 'loyalist” ter- 
rorists planted four incendiary 
devices in Dublin, at the 
weekend, and gave a warning 
of a car bomb campaign in the 
Republic of Ireland from next 

Loyalists are preparing a 
series of protests to mark the 
first anniversary of the Anglo 
Irish agreement — on Novem- 
ber 15 — and are said to be 
plotting the launch of a 
“citizens’ army” of several 


Tonight the Rev Ian Pais- 

y, leader of the Democratic 
Unionist Party, will attend a 
“dedication service” at the 
Ulster Hall in Belfast during 
which his mobilization plans 
are expected to be unveiled. 

The Ulster Freedom Fight- 
ers threatened to bring “maxi- 
tnnm carnage” in the Irish 
Republic unless its govern- 
ment . ceased implementing 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 
from next Saturday. 

The outlawed loyalist 
organization, suspected as be- 
ing a flag of convenience for 
the Ulster Defence Associ- 
ation, said that all Irish citi- 
zens in toe North and South 
would be legitimate targets. 

The annual conference of 
tire Official Unionist Party, at 
the Europa hotel, Belfast^! 
the weekend, was warned that 
it was in danger of being 
sucked into violence under the 
guise of united loyalist opposi- 
tion to the agreement. 

Mr Robert McCartney, QC, 
one of the leading integra- 

tionists, gave toe warning to 
the conference, which was 
held almost completely in 
private, to prevent a serious 
and acrimonious division 
within the party being shown 
to the public. 

His attempt to commit the 
organization to a policy of 
total integration within the 
UK toiled 

So concerned was the party 
at the possibility of its di- 
visions being overheard, that 
it banned the press from the 
floor where toe conference 
was being held. 

The parliamentary party 
persuaded delegates to sup- 
port a position in which they 
made no decision on either 
integration or devolution but 
instead committed themselves 

to smashing the Anglo-Irish 

agreement. Their narrow vic- 
tory papers over tire cracks 
and avoids an issue that 
threatens to split the party 
gtatnAer arui undermine the 
leadership of Mr James 

• The Irish Republic's gov- 
ernment yesterday welcomed 
a number of measures an- 
nounced by Mr Tom King 
which aim to increase safe- 

guards under Northern 
Ireland’s anti-terrorist 


The proposals by toe Sec- 
of State f 

rotary of State for Northern 
Ireland are intended to mini- 
mize the Mow the Irish suf- 
fered last week when the 
Prime Minister xgected their 
demands for an increase from 
one to three judges sitting in 
the non-jury Dtplock courts. 

To children without sight, braille is an 
essential lifeline. 

By enabling them to read and write, it lets 
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For over a hundred years, RNIB has 
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To carry on this work, we depend entirely 
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You can donate to RNIB by using Access or Visa -phone Sheila Butler on (0t) 388 1286 during office hours. ESS 

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Box NO.TM1. 224 Great Portland Sheet London WIN 6AA- 

corned about their lade of 
control if coroners’ salaries 
were linked to those of junior 
judges, which arc determined 
by central government 

The discontent over pay 
coincides with moves within 
the Ctovermnem to refonn foe 
coroners' court system. 

Mr David Meflor, Minister 
of State at toe Home Office, 
said recently the government 
wanted to legislate on. 
coroners’ courts mid the item 
is likely to be high on the 
agenda if the government is 
elected for a fond term. 

Two independent reports 
on coronas, from Justices tire 
legal rights groan, and mom 
the British Medical Associ- 
ation, have also highlighted 

the poor pay levels and the 
need for refonn. 

to- give 

Mr John Btbbert, a coroner 
in Cheshire and honorary 
salaries secretary for tire 
Coronets’ Society, sakt 
are judicial officers so why 
should we not be paid cm toe 
level with the lowest judicial 

The demands . and 
responsibilities of toe 
coroner’s job had greatly in- 
creased in recent years, he 
said. They were statutorily 
bound to be on duty 24 horns 
a day throughout the yea r 
which meant, for example, 
that if someone wanted to 
transplant an organ of an 
accident victim at 2 am , tire 

coroner had 

There were other demands: 
ifthe death of a Jewish person 
was referred to a coroner, he 
would have to ensure burial 
within 24 hours, whatever tire 
day of the week; and there 
were similar leoufronents 
with Muslims which co uld b e 
a significant problem in some 

-- AMimll tP 

There had also been reper- 
cussions from the Helen 
Smith inquest, tire British 
nurse who died in S audi 
Arabia, which now meant that 
inquests had to be held on 
bodies brought bade to. a 
coroner’s jurisdiction where 
tire death bad been sudden or 


Mr Eric Manaus, who drag to a Uferaft, in hospital yesterday 

Chinook disaster 

Gales hinder hunt for does 

By Howard Foster 

Gales and heavy seas were 
last night hampering the 
search for vital clues to the 
Shetland helicopter disaster. . 

Two offshore vessels: a 
semi-submersiWe rig, toe 
Stadive, and an offshore div- 
ing support vessel. Deepwater 
One: started a new square 
searto yesterday, aided by a 
remote-control mini _ sub- 
marine and divers working at 
depths of 300 ft 

The search is centred on the 
rear gearbox, rotor and bade 
part of the fuselage of the 
Boeing Chinook. But the diffi- 
culty in locating these, even 
with sophisticated remote- 
controlled diving equipment, 
points increasingly to toe feet, 
confirmed by eyewitnesses, 
that toe rear rotor Wade parted 
from toe helicopter before it 
hit the sea. 

The investigators are also 
keen to examine the heli- 
copter’s voice recorder box 
because this also records the 
rpm of the rotors just before 
the accident 

Fishermen and land-based 
islanders saw toe accident and 
have been interviewed by the 
Accident Investigation Board 

Thirty autopsies have been 
earned out so tor. It is 
expected that the bodies will 
be moved to Aberdeen where 
the Procurator-fiscal is ex- 
pected to ordera total accident 
inquiry in the next few days. 

Shetlanders marked toe 
disaster with prayers at 
Remembrance Day services 
on the island. The other four 
Chinooks operating between 
the North Sea oil and gas 
fields and the Scottish main- 
land remained grounded. 

The AIB is under consid- 
erable pressure to present an 
interim report to Mr Michael 
Spicer, toe Minister for Avi- 

Mr David King, toe inspec- 
tor leading tire six-man AIB 
inquiry, confirmed yesterday 
that the Chinook had been 
involved in two incidents 

during its six-year life. The 
first, in February 1983, was a 
t ransmis sion feflure which led 
to a small fire. In May 1984 
there had been a hydraulic 
control failure. 

Shortly before the heli- 
copter left Sum burgh Airport 
to pick up the men from the 
Brent oilfield, it had been 
delayed with a gearbox oil 
leak. A repair was made. 

Mr King said: “We are still 
-collecting data. We do have a 
lot of evidence but it is 
difficult to assess. ]We have 
rfamaggd components but we 
have to assess that da m age 

and decide whether it stems 
from primary or secondary 

“Eyewitnesses have been 
interviewed but it has to be 
established whether what they 
saw was a primary or second- 
ary cause.” 

Both survivors of the crash, 
Mr. Eric Marians, a trainee 
technician, and Captain Pushi 
Vaid, tire pilot, have been 
extensively interviewed by tire 

Thirteen of toe 45 pas- 
sengers from the British Inter- 
national Helicopters Chinook 
aircraft are still missing. 

‘I heard a loud bang 
then I hit the water’ 

One of toe two survivors of 
toe worst heficopter crash in 
cml aviation history spoke 
yesterday of a “loud hang” 
which signalled (lie Chinook’s 
descent into toe sea two utiles 
off the Shetland Islands. 

Mr Eric Marians, aged 20, 
a trainee techrorian with Shell 
who was returning with 42 
coDeagnes from the Brent 
ozffieH, said he was sleeping 
when toe Mdse happened and 
he lost coasdOBsness soon 

Mr Pusht Vaid, captain of 
toe heficopter, is reported to 
be suffering from severe de- 
pression axia feels responsible 
for the accident, according to 
his employers, British Inter- 
national Helicopters. 

Mr Manus said: “A very 

sleep. The next thing I knew, 
opened my eyes and there was 
shattered glass flying all over 
toe cabin. 

“The next thing was I was 
hitting the water. Just as a 
wave splashed on ray face I 
woke up. 1 looked around and 
saw a Hferaft and 1 tried to 
climb inside it but 1 couldn’t 
manage so I just hooked my 
arm ever it and dung to it I 

tried to inflate my lifejacket 
fast I coutdn't manage it so I 
zipped vp my survival snft. 

“At some time I saw some- 
one else befog rescued from 
toe water. 1 Inst cfamg-to toe 
rope and I knew there was a 
chance I was going to be 
rescued hut I was petrified. I 
was really scared, ” he said 
from his hospital bed, which is 
surrounded by flowers and 
‘Get wdF cards, many from 

“I never frit any sensation 
and I couldn’t fed any pain at 
aQ. At that time I didn't think 
I had been spotted. I tried to 
ware hot in the end I just dong 
on and hoped. I most hare 
lapsed into unconsdousaess 
because toe next tiring I knew 
Iwas in the rescue helicopter.” 

Mr Morrans, who has faro- 
ken arms and several stitches 
in cuts tm his face, said that lie 
was lucky to be alive and to 
hare hero thrown dear of the 

He became very emotional 
when asked abort his col- 
leagoes who had tod and 
added that he was still ansrae 
whether he wouM ever vnurt to 
fry in a helicopter again. 

Fears that rate reform 

will hit elderly hard 

By a Staff Reporter 

Pensioners will be penalized 
under government plans to 
refonn toe rating system by 
introducing a community 
charge to pay for local ser- 
vices, according to Age 

In toe organization’s re- 
sponse to the Green Paper on 
rating reform, Mr David 
Hobman, director of Age Con- 
cern England, says toe pro- 
posals amount to “soaking the 
poor to pay toe rich”. Age 
Concern believes the poorest 
pensioners would be even 
worse off. 

A third of single pensioners 
could lose up to £5 a week 
under the community charge, 
according to the Age Concern 
report, and 1.1 minion retired 
women would he Sable to pay 
the charge. 

Social security benefit 
changes would mean Z73 
million pensioner households 
receiving lower boosing bene- 
fit in 1988 and 390,000 house- 
holds losing all entitianent, 

Age Concern is also worried 

to place a 

obligation on the head or a 
household to supply informa- 
tion for toe community charge 
register, vrifofeflure to do so a 
c riminal offence. The report 
says confused elderly people 
may fees criminal charges, 
and other elderly tenants and 
home owners amid be put at 
risk of violence from people 
living with them wbo wish to 
evade the new tax. 

Mr Hobman said Age Con* 
cent recognized toe present 
rating system penalized angle 
pensioners but added: “We 
are disappointed the Govern- 
ment wishes to replace it with 
something that will hit them 
even harder.” 

The Green Paper admitted 
that people in properties with 
low rateable value would take 
a bigger abate of financing 
local services. Age Concern 
says elderly people are more 
likely than other groups to five 
in such property, so the 
community charge would hit 
them hardest 

Record sales 
claimed by 
holiday firms 

Britain’s tpur companies are 
reporting record bookings far 
next summer. Reservations 
are well ahead of last yen-, 
according to the holiday com- 
panies, attending the annual 
convention of the Association 
of British Travel Agents in 

Heavy discounting of holi- 
day prices, which produced a 
25 per cent increase in the 
market last summer, is less 
likdty3ocdrings at Pidcfords 
Travel are more than twice the 
level of a year ago, the 
company said. Thomson 
Holidays, the market leader, is 
reporting sales afoird higher. 

Overall, the operators ex- 
pect to. sell 10 per cent more 
holidays sext^ummer, and a 
le part of that will be to 
raking more than one 
holiday. Prices of five- 
star holidays have risen 
abouz IS percent in this 
tour broctmr 

The most popular countries 
are still Spain and Greece.. 

. Holiday fc^rs pate 21 

as helping 

By Tub Jones 

Government industrial 
relations laws designed to 
return union power to. toe 
members had instead given 
activists a disproportionate 
influence in the running ol 
pofls, Mr Alistair Graham, 
director Of The Industrial 
■Society, said yester day , 

As past ^netel secretaty of 

the orifand Pubhc Services 
Association, Mr Graham 
speaks from first hand experi- 
ence: his former onion is 
organizing a re-nm of the 
ballot for his succes sor after 
accusations of irregularities in 
the branch polls winch re- 
sulted in toe election o f Mr 
John. Macreadfe, a Mffitxnt 
Tendency supporter. 

Mr Graham said yesterday: 
"Balloting is now too im- 
portant to be left to the 
activists alone who can some- 
tunes be highly motivated 
towards one particular can- 
didate, or in favour of one 
particular viewpoint”. 

In a series of speeches this 
T ftfvnih, Mr Graham will call 
on union members to become 
more involved in toe conduct 
of polls and campaigning to 
get both employers and trade 
unio ns to adopt a new ballot- 
ing code. 

- ‘ He said: “Although toe 
present Government has 
3 a great deal of law, it 
lamentably foiled to 


of ballot Work 

should be used, they say, only 
when oiganizerscan guarantee 
tort everyone will be able to 
vote and art lose pay in the 

■ Postal votes should be used 
by people unable to vote in 
person and votes cast in 
branches and at the work [dace 
should ideally be counted at 
one central point. 

A check list for voters urges 
them to make particular 
efforts to ensure secure voting 
arrangements and says the 
returning officer or scrutineers 
counting toe votes should be 

Commenting on the check- 
list for voters, Mr Graham 
sakt “This is a list to stop 
union members from being 
conned. Union elections can 
often go wrong, not because of 
national rules or organization 
but as a result of how they are 
conducted ax -local level The 
check list will help union 
members to be on their 

£58m offer 

given new 

News International has de- 
cided to extend the deadline 
for acceptance' of its £58 
million compensation offer to 
5,500 former employees be- 
cause of the numbers who 
have already applied. 

The deadline was to have 
been today but because more 
than 1,300 have responded to 
toe letter sent by the chair- 
man, MrRupert Murdoch, 11 
days ago, no cut-off point has 
been fixed for the new 

More than 800 of the 1300 
people have made written 
applications for payment An- 
other 500 have indicated that 
they wish to take toe payment 
once details of their applica- 
tions have been deared up. 

The 1300 represent nearly 
25 per cent of die former total 
workforce employed by the 
company at Gray’s Inn Road 
and Bouverie Street before 
News International moved to 
its new high technology plant 
at Wapping, east London, in 

The dispute with News 
International began after toe 
frniner employees, mainly 
members of toe print unions, 
Sogat *82 and the National 
Graphical Association, went 
on strike and were dismissed 
by the company. Mr Murdoch 
has emphasized that there wifi 
be no further negotiations. 

.The offer is based on four 
weds’ pay for each year of 

Members of Sogat *82 have 
been given a warning tort they 
will lose their union cards if 
they apply to the company. 
The NGA is believed to be 

21 rescued 
off Galway 

Helicopters of toe Irish Air 
Corps and the RAF joined in 
an operation yesterday to 
rescue the crew of a Dutch 
factory ship which ran 
aground on rocks near the 
Aran Islands, off the West 
Coast of Ireland, in gale-force 

The Aran lifeboat took off 
21 of the Cornelius Yrofyk's 
crew. Six who remained on 
board ware able to refloat toe 
vessel on the next high tide 
and make for the shelter of toe 
Comity Clare coast at toe 

southern end of Galway bay- 

I ckJiSS 



tKtf* U S3 

V vlu 





Cockney » derived from 
“cokeney”, the Middle Eng- 
lish for a misshapen egg. From 
the 17th century it was used by 
country folk to describe pam- 
pered mats living in towns, in 
charting cakeaey’s course 
from the common language of 
all Londoners to its relegation, 
via Johnson’s dictionary and 
the public schools, to the 
speech of the lower orders. The 
Muvver Tongue (BBC2) was 
itself a bit misshapen. 

Uncertain as to whether be 
was analyzing accents or 
slang, Robert MacNeil wan- 
dered colourfully off die cliff in 
trying to link the “diabolical 
liberty" of costenno^ers with 
the sardonic self-coeSdeiioe of , 
Barry Humphries in the 
Australian outback. His most 
telling example of the way l 
accent changes was in compar- | 
ing the Notions exam at 
Winchester 20 years on. ! 
While failing to pick up on the | 
many Anglo-Saxon deriva- i 
tions, he Jid demonstrate how 
in prpnoundng some off their ' 
private jargon Wykehamists 1 
today reflect the smartness of : 
being down-market. One thing j 
at least has not changed. Even 
without their straw bats, they ! 
would still pass muster as ! 
vegetable sellers. i 


The People’s War (Channel 
4) began its seven-part series 
with a look at the way cock- 
neys coped in the days before 
the blitz. Using the archive of 
Mass Observation (a barely 
explained and as a result 
rather sinister organization of 
professional eavesdroppers 
and diary-keepers), Taylor 
Downing’s film argued that, 
far from displaying determina- 
tion under tire, our cmlation 
population were thoroughly 

The programme did not 
however deliver the revela- 
tions it promised. Though 
keen to explore the problems 
behind the official, happy 
facade of evacuated children, 
what it produced as evidence— 
like bed-wetting — seemed 
rather trifling compared with 
the invasion of Poland and 
France. Much more successful 
and interesting was the second 
halfs dispassionate look at 
bow civvy street was afforded 
by measures like the bbcfcout 
By January 1940, one person 
in live had suffered an accident 
in the dark. 

In a gimmicky exercise I 
milked for its comic rather 
than its cntinary potential, 
Food and Drink Special 
(BBC!) took a Sheffield coun- 
cil driver, John Wilcock, to the 
Dorchester. Under Anton 
Mosimann's direction and 
Chris Kelly's bland narration, 
Wilcock unconvincingly cook- 
ed a meal for his wife and 
daughter. While waiting for it 
they had so staffed themselves 
from the tea trolly that, when 
Wilcock presented them with 
symphonic de fruits de mer, 

they looked as if they bad been 
given a stomach-turning mix- 
ture of raw goat and the bill 
(the latter amounting to what 
Wilcock earns in a week). 



A rediscovery 
of power out 
of obscurity 





David Smith 


Julian Opie 

Lisson ■ 

The Treasures of Fyvie 


Turner Prize 


O n November 25 Bill 
Woodrow will, it is hoped, 
receive this year’s Turner 
Prize and young British 
sculptors will be given 
some of the acclaim long overdue to 
them in their own country. It is 
therefore appropriate that London at 
the moment has a number of 
spectacular sculpture exhibitions. 
Opening within 10 days of the 
Hayward's Rodin exhibition is the 
Wbitechapers David Smith show 
(until January 4). The American's 
influence on British work is far more 
extensive than is normally credited: 
an appreciation of him, which the 
Whitechapel malms so easy, leads 
straight to Britain through Anthony 

Whilst tile exhibition's aim is to 
show Europeans the wealth of 
Smith’s early work, the tragedy of his 
death in 1 965 is underlined by the last 
two years’ output Coming from a 
remote part of Indiana, his first 
contact with art was through 
reproduction, in particular from the 
French magazine Cahiers d'art He 
could not read French, but Picasso’s 
and Gonzalez's use of welded iron 
struck a note with his own previous 
experiences working in a car factory. 
He wanted to be a painter, most of his 
closest friends were painters and he 
considered himself a painter through- 
out his life. His drawings however 

rarely come to life and appear as poor 
pastiches which even his very earliest 
sculptures never do. Saw Head and 
Agricola Head of 1 933 owe an 
obvious debt to Picasso, like much 
throughout the Thirties and Forties, 
from tbe majesty of Structure oj 
Arches (1939) to the alarming wit of 
.Aggressive Character (1947), but one 
can also see a new spirit emerging. 

The exhibition has travelled to 
Frankfurt and Dusseldorf, where 
Smith was hailed as an “impressive 
rediscovery”. He is even more rele- 
vant to the British. The Votiri series, 
which assimilates many cultural as 
well as sculptural influences, prepares 
one for the dignity of tbe Cttoi series, 
but not for the interplay between the 
two- and three-dimensional that has 
intrigued so many sculptors since. 
Though Smith painted many of his 
earlier surfaces, they cannot rival the 
polished and scratched stainless steel 
of the last works. Untitled (Candida) 
of 1965 consists of eight small sheets 
of steel welded like a ran into a rough 
Greek cross with a hole in the middle. 
Like most of his work, designed for 
outdoors, it reacts with nature. 
Caught by the sun or spotlights, a 
dazzling pattern is revealed. 

Julian Opie has always played 
tricks with the surface of his sculp- 
ture. In tbe past he has drawn vivid 
and basic pictures on welded steel. 
His present exhibition (until Decem- 
ber 20) is for removed from that He 
is still painting surfaces, but with 
spray paint intended to highlight tbe 
shapes and proportions and not break 
them up. Though linked with sculp- 
tors tike Woodrow and Cragg, he is 
nearly two generations of sculptors 
removed from Caro, so perhaps no 
longer feels the need to rebel against 
the purities of early Caro and late 
Smith. He must be congratulated on 
breaking from the mould expected of 
him, but these architectural forms, 
however useful they may be as 
explorations of his ability, lack 
conviction as independent works. 

A very different exhibition. 
The Treasures of Fyvie, at 
Agnew's until December 
12, highlights our deficien- 
cies in supporting living 
artists by revealing just how eff- 
ectively our heritage has been pro- 

l Hr 

' : Z* 



■ ■“ secret; 

SSL?. ■>*•< V V (Veroj 

¥&&'■■ ... eyes.? 

rlpf- j.jfr than 1 
V “ the m 

fcrrar'T" ■ 

Colonel William 

•■■•sSSPSaiac " 

i , .. 

id tourist displayed ic full splendour in Batoni’s 
an, among The Treasures of Fyvie at Agnew's 

moted in the last few years. The 
Treasure Houses of Britain exhibition 
m Washington has raised to celebrity 
status Fyvie’s portrait of Colonel 
Gordon by Baloni, which dominates 
the present show. The arrogance of 
the grand tourist is displayed in full 
splendour. Though the mins in the 
background are those of the often- 
used Colosseum and not a triumphal 
arch, there is no doubt, as the statue 
of Roma prefers a victor’s wreath and 
an orb of command, that the Scottish 
colonel is demanding comparison 
with the greatest of Roman generals. 

Agnew's exhibition, sponsored by 
the Scottish Tourist Board and the 
National Heritage Memorial Fund, 
and held in aid of the National Trust 
of Scotland, illustrates a typical story 
of British collecting. When the 
Gordons' era of casual but natural 
patronage ended, Fyvie was bought 
by a descendant of a previous owner. 
Sir Alexander Forbes-Leith, as he 
became afier amassing a fortune in 

j DANCE 1 


Institut Francais 

Antonin Preljocaj, the last 
visitor to this year's Dance 
Umbrella, is a Frenchman of 
Albanian family who formed 
his own company only two 
years ago. Since then, two of 
the three works he showed at 
the Theatre Artaud of the 
Instilul Fran pais have won 

shoulders, and march with 
military stride from one part 
of tbe stage to another. He has 
found a new formula for 
partnering whereby the man 
just stands still and the 
woman somehow gets herself 
off the ground by catching 
hold of him. 

This is done to unexpected | 
combinations of music: in ' 
Blue Fears to extracts from ‘ 
Beethoven overtures, with an 
electronic prelude; in Black 
Market to pop music and 
Verdi; in White Tears to Bach, 
some recorded speech and 
Purcell He also provides pro- 

u ...v .i gramme notes which may be 

°r U1 1 52* SSS some kind of surrealist joke, 
eX j^i en « hi°h ^ since they relate in no way to 

school, winch has b«m the what on * a^y see/on 

fla „ V S^ 0f « t 5 e Kv°^?ii I ^ ach ™ marks for effort, 

workhe and his smahtioupe b ^ not f ordance interest The 

the air sharply wifo their 

polished and enormously 

briskly from centre to side. 
They also lie down and get up 
again, roll back on to their 


John Perdva 1 

The composure of Tilson Thomas 

total authority r~— 




Festival Hail 

Carlo Maria Giulini 's perfor- 
mances of the Verdi Requiem 
have tolled commandingly 
through the years, and Sunday 
night's did not disappoint. 
Right from the start, with the 
sirings' pronounced vibrato 
suggesting a soft-focus view of 
the chorus, his control of tone 
was exact. And equally for- 
midable were the resources of 
sheer volume and attack he 
drew from the Philharmonia. 

At the opening of the Dies 
irae it seemed quite possible 
that the four horsemen of the 
apccalvpse would come riding 
over the pipework of the 
Festival Hall organ, so fero- 
cious and resounding were the 
timpani strokes and the blasts 
of eight trumpeters; and yet at 
the same time there was the 
calmness of supreme auth- 
ority in the gesture. 

Giulini s authority may not 
quite extend to wresting an 
assured can labile from the 
violins when they are playing 
in the upper register, but they 
were clearly on their toes in 
supplying accompaniments! 
fieures with exact simultaneity 
and a nice judgement of 
weight: if they were required 
10 brash something in softly, 
lhe> did so together and with 
ihe’ same emphasis. The 
Philharmonia Chorus, loo. 
worked with unwavering 
discipline over a wide range of 
dvnamics and colour, even 
though once or twice - at the 
sian of the Sonata- tor in- 
stance — they appeared lo be 
expecting a rather different 

But the more important 
insecurity in this supremely 
polished and confident ac- 
count was in the texture of the 
ensembles, where four very 
different voices behaved like 
immiscible liquids. Paata 
Burchuladze seemed to need 
no effort lo sing out with an 
impersonal strength, booming 
like a bed in the Lux aetema. 
whereas Arthur Davies, sing- 
ing splendidly, and the richly 
colourful Florence Quivar 
were both much more pas- 
sionate. So too was Linda 
Roark-Strumraer, but to more 
detached effect, since she has a 
voice of intensely bright tim- 
bre and fast vibrato, though 
she wields it with daring force. 

In the coming days Michael 
Tilson Thomas and the 
London Symphony Orchestra 
see much of each other. The 
American conducts the or- 
chestra on its annual Shell UK 
four. If they scale the same 
heights in Birmingham, Aber- 
deen, Glasgow, Leeds and 
Liverpool as they did here, it 
will have been a memorable 
week on the road. 

Tilson Thomas's seemingly 
instinctive command — his 
Maazel-tike ability to gal- 
vanize, even to mesmerize, his 
forces Into unanimous execu- 
tion of more or less any idea he 
chooses to espouse — has 
always been his prime asset 
One was instantly aware of it 
in s performance of Berlioz's 

A newcomer to this sort of Benvenuto Cellini Overture 
company, she could perhaps which was immaculately pre- 

afford to lake a little more care 
of herself. 

Paul Griffiths 

• Horst Neumann, chorus-mas- 
ter of the Philharmonia Chorus, 
is interviewed by Richard Mor- 
rison in columns 5 and 6. 

Academy of 
Elizabeth Hall 

There was untioubiediv a 
concert going on here. You 
could tel] That by the right and 

rise yet fizzing with wit and a 
concern for idiomatic shading. 

Now, however, he is reveal- 
ing he has the patience to 
shape larger paragraphs and 
build expressive intensity in 
passages which do not respond 
to his more usual shock- 

knees, keeling alarmingly to 
and fro. violently shaking his 
head, grimacing and waving 
his arms around as if be were 
possessed by the very devil. 

But thankfully his small 
orchestra seemed to be com- 
posed of reliable players able 

sound of the Academy of to deliver a decent perfor- 
London and "their two guest mance of Tchaikovsky’s Sere- 

soloists, one of them ex- 
tremely eminent But I was 
sure that there was also some 
"kind of melodramatic ballet 
being danced simultaneously 
by the conductor, Richard 
Stamp. Not only was this 
remarkably athletic man en- 
gaged for much of the time in 
doing exactly what his name 
suggests; he also occupied 
himself with a rigorous rou- 
tine that involved tending his 

nade for Sirings with scarcely 
a glance in bis direction. And 
ii was an even greater relief 
that his sirange manner failed 
to distract the soprano Gun- 
dulaJanowitzin her singing of 
three Mozart arias (four if you 
count the encore. “Voi che 
sapete”L Her gloriously purr 
voice is stiJJ in its foil bloom", 
and her control over it re- 
mains absolute, as. for in- 
stance. her sudden pianissimo 

tactics. So the valedictory end 
of Strauss's Ein Heidenleben 
was projected as something 
dramatic and still-evolving, 
not allowed to sink into its 
customary self-satisfied stu- 
por. Earlier he elicited some 
splendidly pictorial playing at 
refreshingly brisk tempos. 
The “battle'', after some un- 
fortunate off-stage fanfares, 
heated into a positively ires- 
like cacophony, while Michael 
Davis's stylish violin solos 
ushered in a suitably urgent 

Perhaps orchestra and con- 
ductor were inspired by their 
participation in Cfedle Ous~ 
set's vision of Rachmaninov’s 
Rhapsody on a Theme of 
Paganini. Tbe French pianist 
was in brilliant form, opening 
up aspects of the piece I had 
never experienced before. All 
the notes, for instance. Her 
incisive pointing of passage- 
work and her volatile respon- 
siveness to mood-changes 
were expected, but her head- 
strong power was astonishing. 
Possibly variations 17 and tbe 
ubiquitous 18 lacked wistful- 
ness, but instead there was a 
youthful ardour (hat dispelled 
all the work's Dies iree 

Richard Morrison 

high Cs in Fiordiligi’s aria 
“Per pieta" made abundantly 
dear. And. while the mock 
nobility in “Alma grande e 
nobil core” was delivered with 
the perfect degree of intimacy, 
the genuine passions of 
“Vado. ma dove?” became all 
the more vivid through the 
delicacy of her tonal shadings. 

Despite moments of ragged 
ensemble, all loo under- 
standable in the circum- 
stances. the orchestra mhde 
some line sounds both here 
and in Mozart's Piano Con- 
certo in A. K4I4. Neil 
Rutman's reading of this 
work, however, was an awk- 
wardly balanced if technically 
assured one. 

Stephen Pettilt 

Horst Neumann (left) has risen to conduct 
■ an orchestra of his own, but he still trains 
the Philharmonia Chorus, who repeat their 
Verdi Requiem under Giulini at the Festival 
Hall tonight: interview by Richard Morrison 

Masterly touch in 
a great tradition 

The recruiting process was quintessential!} Germanic ap- 
bizarre but ultimately eff- preach, with full expressive 
ective. About three years ago shading and “womanly'' so- 
the Philharmonia Chorus, pranos. “This is different from 
striving to maintain the sian- the English tradition, which is 
danis achieved by its first based on the sound of your 
chorus-master, the remark- college chapel choirs with 
able Wilhelm Pitz. hit on an their very young voices." 
unusual way of finding the Since Neumann was ap- 
righi musician to inherit his pointed, a year ago. rehearsals 
mantle. The chorus members wiih him have been con- 
would listen to recordings of cenirated into intense bursts, 
choirs from all over the world Last week there were four 
until they found one whose rehearsals leading up to the 
sound came nearest to their Verdi Requiem perforenances 
ideal. Logically, the person conducted by Giulini^ in the 
who trained that choir would Festival Hall on Sunday and 
be the right appointment. tonight. I asked Neumann 

I uC mempers were most im— l f rnm A 

Kt, iu* t Dn4; n to prepare a chorus tor some- 

pro^s ls R fe° 

« do. J °The 

Bonm and Carlos KJ^incr » * >l inrT : c , i_ Q . 

g ,h r,S audience's emotions. Who 

rSlSr'fcTSi? does what is not important. Of 

Thp course 1 »w«U like to conduct 

Ph^r h tlm lhese wc,rks myself, but 1 can 
Philnarmonia C norus wrote to j « ni 4 nfh*>r 

the GDR embassy. The era- *? *** m and olher 

{Sh? 1 * " Does he ever find himself at 
The- variance with a conductor's 

letter to the EasiGerman state Jnrs^extraoSfnan^perfoJ" 
W A-A*. for rf’SdfPB SiE 

reason ’ * Mass las: season. “Vou must 
languished. understand, what Giulini is 

Neumann, by this time d 0 jnE now is a Credo of his 
promoted to chief conductor uf e 'From lhat viewpoint I 
of the Leipzig Radio Or- accepted and understood that 
chestra, knew ihe letter irom performance, even though I 
the Philharmonia Chorus ex- raav have found it too intro- 
isted. but not what it said. He verted, too undramatic.” 
was intrigued, and contacted a Neumann. 51 this year, is a 
West Berlin agency for a canny observer of the western 
London telephone number. music al scene: one senses that 
“Normally”, he admils. “1 a similarly astute stance to- 
would not be interested m wa rds his own countn's cul- 
conduciing choirs again, and I Iurc has in the past not 
was most careful because I Cnt irclv enhanced his career, 
knew tbe Philharmonia Cho- prospects. “4 lot of years it 
rus was not professional. Bui I W3t nQ i so easy for me” is his 
also knew the story of KJem- terse comment. His 29-year- 
perer and Pitz. and how o!; j son by his first marriage 
important a part this chorus an iS-month prison 

played in your musical life." sentence for refusing military' 
A trial rehearsal was fixed, service, and now Jives in West 
"After five minutes it was German), 
dear, for them and for me”, 1 1 “““ 

says Neumann. “From the ... - j.nn, 

beginning the human under- 
standing was very well. Of 

course”, he continues, ehoos- ffgSj 

ing his words carefully, “die ^ j ^ j H* 

level artisucal was not so as I W; 

was used to. But I am very Sy 

respectful for one thing: that is /. 

their enthusiasm. They are 

rehearsing after a long day's J3L 

job. with full hundred per cent 

participation.” As for lhat . 

elusive choral sound. Ncu- > 

mann (whose own prime men- §Sp\,7v. • 

tor was Karl Bohmi believes 

lhat what the Philharmonia is 

really striving after is a 


The Infernal 

Lvric. Hammersmith 

At the pivotal moment in the 
second act of Cocteau's 
monstrp farce of a play the 
dashing young Oedipus (Lam- 
bert Wilson) is invited by a 
seemingly innoceni nymph 
(Veronica Smart) io dose his 
eyes. No sooner has he obeyed 
than the broken coiumns on 
the .mound behind him soar ihe air and erect them- 
selves into an arch, ihe girl 
slides into the nearby statue of 
the Sphinx - whom, of course, 
she is — and scaly wings Hap 
open against the rocks at her 

It is an astounding trans- 
formation. A less imaginative 
production team would have 
lowered the arch from above 
but here it miracously climbs 
up from the ground like a 
camel hunting to its feet 
Simon Callow (direction), 
Bruno Santini (design) and the 
cast seem set to accomplish 
something really remarkable 
— nothing less than the 
redemption of an honoured 
piece of ihe French poetic 
drama of ihe emre deux 
guerres. a genre regarded with 
the deepest suspicion this side 
of Calais. 

Cocteau begins his rework- 
ing of the legend with soldiers 
treading the steeply raked. 

The conjunction of comedy 
with ominous hints of horror 
ahead works unexpectedly 
well. The text is already ioo 
generous wiih premonition, 
but Callow's own translation, 
vigorous much of the time and 
colloauial where possible, 
gives Jocasia a neat tine about 
her jewelled brooch - “that 
makes everyone’s eyes pop 
out”. The voices of Smith and 
Eddison are two of the glories 
of ihe London stage, swoop- 
ing, tender, direct yet tremu- 
lous wiih echoes. 

The lauiis in ihe play reveal 
ihemselves faier. The Sphinx 
as personification of a death 
weary of killing must be 
accepted as Cocteau's general 
siock. But his homosexual 
toying with the mother-son 
duet diverts the play into a 
sequence of siart-and-stop 
love-scenes, coyly interrupting 
coitus with various stage 

In the protracted bedroom 
scene Maggie Smith, white- 
faced like the young Barrault 
in Les Enfanis. and Lambert 
Wilson, strong in voice and 
presence, have to restrici 
themselves to endless remarks 
on the theme of his youth and 
her age. Significantly, the 
Sphinx actually tells him the 
answer io her riddle, conven- 
ing it into a fact of adult life lit- 
tle boys cannot be expected to 
grasp. The fourth act. covering 
the events of Sophocles's en- 
tire play, gives such a perfunc- 
tory' treatment to the myth 
that the tragedy is never 

And yet the imaginative and 

America, built a fine collection of 
port rails under the guidance of 
Agnew's. There are 11 Raeburns, 
though the most glamorous is on loan 
io me Taie and has been used on a 
catalogue cover of Painting in Scot- 
land- A striking Lawrence of the 
Countess of Oxford with her equally 
worrying dog. and a William B«x:hey 
2 iso manage to hold their own under 
the distainful nose of Colonel Gordon 
at the end of the room. 

The Tate have given a slightly 
larger apace than last year to the 
Turner Prize short-list (until Decem- 
ber 7i. but sadly it makes little 
difference. The display looks as 
though the organizers are actually 
trying to pui the public off contem- 
porary an. the absolute opposite of 
their professed aim. Even a Woodrow 
masterpiece. „■! Self-portrait in a 
Xuclear Age. a concise vision of 
disorientated and threatened man, 
struggles for sympathy. 

Alistair Hicks 

Cyclopean battlements of precisely colourful staging, the 
Thebes where dead Laius. like physical presence of the play- 

Hamiet's father, 
heard uttering 

has been ers and the odd line ringing 
warning out with its dreamlike mar- 

moans. Jocasia (Maggie rfage of sense and contradic- 
Smiih). like a society hostess tion. all this makes the 
visiting some intriguing new production - flawed ihough 
night-spot with her beloved ihe text is. to the heart - a 
Tiresias (Robert Eddison), ad- lively treat for the senses. Less 
mires the physique of a young so to the waking mind, 
guard. Laius calls to her from 

within the granite in vain. J eremy Kingston 

Lyceum, Edinburgh 

The first in a succession of 
occasional guest-directed pro- 
ductions. Jules Wright's beau- 
tiful, sombre Macbeth ach- 
ieves its power through 
partnership. In the clearly 
determined vision underpin- 
ning Ms Wright's production 
lie both its strength and 
limitations - but it is wonder- 
fully housed by Colin Mac- 
Neil's design, combining aus- 
terity with symbolic versa- 

Huge slabs of grey wall 
encase the siage: a Scottish 
castle unmistakably, but also a 
walled-in tomb, a dark barren 
cell in which Macbeth and 
those around him are cabined, 
cribbed, confined. While sur- 
prise guillotine-swift doors 
may trecherously conceal and 
reveal, they also allow plays of 
light. Music threatens in the 
background and the whole 
stage can be screened off by a 
veil of foul rain (though 
occasional thunderous down- 
pours make heavy weather too 
of audibility). 

Against these primary col- 
ours the action is intense and 
understated. In keeping with 
the spirit of this most distilled 

of Shakespeare's tragedies, 
this is a very purified produc- 
tion. creating a dark enclosed 
arena suspended from nor- 
mality. It is an arena, how- 
ever, of human possibility. 
The lice that grips and unites 
ihe Macbcihs in this produc- 
tion feels unnatural, but not 

Within this scope Julie 
Covington and Jonathan 
Hyde are persuasive and well 
balanced - their Macbeths are 
almost one body, in love, 
excited by one another and 
quickened by ihe thrill of 
danger. United first by pur- 
pose. then by deed, they end 
up empty, barren and alone. 

Their final isolation and 
barrenness are echoed 
throughout the production as 
characters, isolated in pools of 
light, address the audience 
more than each other. This, 
together wiih some under- 
developed minor parts, docs 
bring its problems — some 
scenes are static to the point of 
tedium and the play's political 
themes wither desperately. It 
is a production of force and 
conviction, focused by vivid, 
starkly effective images, but 
what it sorely lacks is shading 
and a whole darker, more 
ambivalent dimension. ' 

Sarah Hemming 

i\* , - 

1(9 | 

He has an impatient audience . . . 
a full orchestra ... a cast of 40 . . 
501b of shrimp mayonnaise. All he 
is missing is a star. 

Can Max save the day? . . . 


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The power of 




Police contro 

’s in charge ? 

‘Political” strikes 

and riots have 

created bitter 

divisions between 

the police and 

local authorities. 

while the Home 

Secretary’s role is 
also under attack. 

In the second of a five-part series we 
describe how the power is allocated 
and talk to the men who wield it 

Part 2: Divisions of duty 


T he history of the 
British police is pep- 
pered with minor 
skirmishes between 
chief constables mid 
politicians bat in the past five 
years confrontation has 
reached a peak. Now die 
question of who controls the 
police will be a major issue at 
the next general election. 

Liverpool councillors have 
quarrelled incessantly with 
their chief constable, while in 
Manchester plans to mount 
armed patrols in the city met 
with an outcry. During the 
miners* strike, left-wing coun- 
cillors in Sooth Yorkshire 
tried to stop the chief con- 
stable spending money on 
policing the dispute, lie re- 
fusal of some police authori- 
ties to countenance plastic 
bullets has led the Home 
Office to create a central store. 
In London a number of local 
councils have banned the pol- 
ice from entering schools on 
educational visits. 

Urban politicians want 
greater influence in police 
activity. Shire politicians are 
worried about the increase in 
power at the centre. Home 
Office ministers warn that 
Labour plans for community 
involvement will mean that 
opponents of the police will be 
placed in power over them. 
After 20 years the “tripartite 
arrangement" for sharing con- 
trol of the police between chief 
constables, police authorities 
and ministers is under attack. 

Enshrined in the 1964 Pol- 
ice Act, the aim of the arrange- 
ment was to create checks and 
balances, allowing play for 
national or local interests 
without unecessary conflict. 
The Home Secretary has ex- 
tremely wide powers to in- 
fluence the nature of polking. 
His remit covers the pay and 
regulations of the police, the 
monitoring of the service 
through a network of inspec- 
tors of constabulary, approval 
of candidates for chief con- 
stable and Che removal of 
incumbents when necessary. 

Perhaps the most important 
practical function is the pay- 
ment of a central grant nor- 
mally representing half of 
each force's annual budget. At 
the same time the Home 
Secretary is the police auth- 
ority for the Metropolitan 
Police, the country's largest 
force. Budget estimates for 
J 986-7 show that the central 
government contribution to 
policing in England and 
Wales. Scotland and Northern 
Ireland wQl top £2.8 billion. 

ctUors (two thirds) and local 
JPs (one third). Under the Act 
the authorities are responsible 
for securing “the maintenance 
of an adequate and efficient 
police force” which means 
they decide the choice of a 
chief constable, subject to the 
approval of die Home Sec- 
retory, and they can also 
discipline him or his senior 
officers. They shape his bud- 
get and the general logistics of 
his force hot he controls 
operational matters. 

The 1962 Royal Commis- 
sion on the police also sug- 
gested that the authorities had 
responsibility for fostering 
good police and public rela- 
tions plus the task of guiding 
or advising the chief constable 
on local problems. He has die 
basic duty under the 1964 act 
of conducting the “direction 
and control” of his force. 

According to a judgment in 
1968, “no minister can tell him 
be must or must not keep 
observation on this place or 
that, be most or most not 
prosecute this man or that — 
nor can any police authority 
tell him so. The responsibility 
is on him. He is answerable to 
the law and the tow alone.” 

But it is argued by diiei 
constables that they are 
accountable in other ways — 
through the courts, or to police 
authorities and the Home 
Office. The 1964 act says that 
a chief constable may have to 
submit a report to his 
authority on policing matters 
they might raise. 

The chief constable can 
refuse if he considers die 
information would not be in 
the public interest or comes 
outside the authority's remit 
If the two then disagree the 
Home Secretary arbitrates. 

The Home Secretary, too, 
can demand reports on polk- 
ing matters — for example, the 
call for a report from the Essex 
chief constable into the in- 
vestigation on the Jeremy 

Chief constables themselves 
have been less than happy in 
the past about die workings of 
the tripartite arrangement In 
the 1970s the decision to 
create a Police Complaints 
Board was seen as a threat to 
the chief officer’s autonomy 
and a step towards centralism. 

But the main source of 
friction in recent years has 
been between police authori- 
ties, largely in the urban 
forces, and their chief con- 
stables. Despite the abolition 
of the huge metropolitan 
authorities and their reptoce- 

At a local level, policing 
U chief 

meat by joint boards of local 

devolves to individual 
constables and police authori- 
ties made up of local conn- 

connntiors and JPs, the trou- 
ble may not stop. 

Stewart Tendler 



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A s befits a former diplomat 
who once served in Po- 
king, Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, looks at 
bis relationship with the 
police with professional detachment 
He cultivates an appearance of 
almost deliberate powerlessness 
when it comes lo police operations. 

Mandarins looking for a malleable 
minister might welcome him as one 
of their own. But appearances are 
deceptive. He gives his recreation as 
writing thrillers and one ofhis books 
is The Smile on the Face cf the Tiger. 

Behind his quiet and careful words 
in this interview with The Times he 
discloses a fundamental belief in the 
rule of law. 

As the forces under their com- 
mand have grown larger, police 
chiefs in many people's eyes have 
become powerful figures, who are 
not subject to control Hurd does not 
agree. He says they must be indepen- 
dent to operate within the law, and 
that the constraint of the tow is 
sufficient without his intervention. 

For those outride the corridors of 
power, the combination of chief 
constables and Home Secretory 
looks as if it could be overwhelming, 
particularly in the use of a general 
strategy during time of unrest 
But Hurd is reassuring: “All I can 
say is that, as Minister of State 
during most of the miners' strike, it 
wouldn't have occurred to me or the 
Home Secretary or any of us to call a 


Distanced: Douglas Hurd, anxious to preserve police independence 

Capturing public support 

Crude crime statistics and clear-up rates are no measure of the police’s 
true value, says Sir Kenneth Newman, head of Britain’s largest force 

S ir Kenneth Newman does 
not talk like a policeman. 
His vocabulary is suave, 
managerial and organiza- 
tional; he gives the im- 
pression that he considers himself 
not so much a crime fighter as a chief 
executive, whose field of operation 
happens to be police work rather 
than groceries or coal. 

Aged 60, and approaching the end 
of his career, he has been the 
Commissioner of ue iVietropoliton 
Police for four years, during which 
time he has completely reorganized 
the force geographically, shortened 
its command structures and in- 
creased its efficiency and scientific 

He has not made the progress- he 
hoped for, however, in capturing 
public support for the police; rela- 
tions between police and blacks 
remain intractably tense; organized 
crime syndicates are spreading their 
tentacles; and inner-city rioting is a 
constant possibility. Despite the 
Chancellor's autumn statement last 
week that the total increased pro- 
vision for the police during the next 
three years will be £1.26 billion. Sir 
Kenneth has a force which he 
believes is severely undermanned. 

The public is interested in only 
one thing: are the police “winning 
the battle against crime'*? On that 
criterion the figures suggest not. 
London's reported crime continues 
to rise; the police's clear-up rates 
remain abysmal. But Sir Kenneth 
does not accept the crude statistical 
test for the police's success or failure. 

“It makes more sense to be judged 
on that range of crime on which the 
police could be expected to make an 
impact — murder, violent woundings 
and assaults, kidnappings, armed 
robberies. If you look at those, we're 
not doing too badly. But for the great 
majority of crime it is unreasonable 
to expect the police by themselves to 
make much of an impact.” 

“If people looked at it rationally, 
the volume of reported crime would 
be regarded more sensibly as an 
indicator of the health of society' 
generally, and of the performance of 
agencies other than the police, like 
parents and schools." 

When he took over as Commis- 

sioner. be put “relations between the 
police and the public" as the most 
important issue facing the Met. The 
inability of the police to prevent and 
detea crime on their own is a 
cornerstone of his philosophy. 

He is proud of the 5,000-plus 
neighbourhood watch schemes that 
have been set up since he became 
Commmissioner and of the growth 
of liaison and consultation with local 
communities. But, according to polls 
which Scotland Yard itself has 
commissioned, public satisfaction 
with the police remains at a stubborn 
75 per cent or so. which suggests that 
up to a million adult Londoners 
have their reservations. Some of the 
successes which he claims have their 
negative aspects as well. 

Neighbourhood watch schemes 
still tend to congregate in middle- 
class areas among people already 

6 If people looked at 
it rationally, the 
volume of reported 
crime would be 
regarded more 
sensibly as an 
indicator of the health 
of society generally 9 

well disposed towards the police, 
though there have been a few 
breakthroughs into the less promis- 
ing territory of council estates and 
high-rise blocks. 

Nor does the neighbourhood 
watch necessarily reduce crime.Sir 
Kenneth admits that there is a strong 
displacement effect. “There is ev- 
idence of several kinds of displace- 
ment — spatiaL from one area to 
another. temporaL from one time of 
day to another; and tactical, moving 
from one crime to another, burglary 
to street robbery for instance,” he 

He has far less cause for optimism 
about relations between police and 

The low 

The Home Secretary is 

responsible to the 

Commons for the police. 
Should he be free to take 

a direct hand in tactics? 

Douglas Hurd thinks not 

The principle was as old as the hills. 
Mutual aid would not require his 
approval. He would be notified. 

Hie same sort of deliberate, 
political powerlessness applies to the 
ma n u al that was produced by ACPO 

same ferocity as in Tottenham a year 
ago. Supposing this time that poUce 
decided to use their plastic baton 
rounds to protect their men. I tiunx 
to is part of the operational 
independence of the pohee and they 
should be able to do that. It s a 
decision which has to be taken very 
quickly. To give the Home Secretary 
the power of veto might mean the 
decision couldn't be taken m a 
timely way.” 

One of the safeguards against 
overwhelming police power is the 
number of different forces in die 
country. Hurd is in fevour of mat 
and against a national force. The 
problem, however, is that the police 
these days are stretched in so many 
different directions, having so many 
different roles: the armed policeman 
in a siege one day may be helping an 
old lady over the road the next. 

Some police see a case for a 
separate force to handle disorder and 
terrorism. Mr Hurd does not. "The 
idea of caged tigers to be unleashed 
upon the crowd is wrong and 
contrary to the tradition of British. 




policing.” he says. 
Yet there is 




on police tactics for use on occasions 
such as the miners' strike or other 

meeting with the Association of 
Chief Polk 

lice Officers (ACPO) to 
decide how it should be done. And 
they would have been horrified if we 

One litmus test is the mutual aid 
organized from the National Report- 
ing Centre, ostensibly run by ACPO. 
Some would find it difficult to 
believe that ACPO by itself decided 
on such a major change in policing, 
to organize the massive transfer of 
resources, without having had some 
guidance from the Home Office.’ 

"Well they did; they did because it 
was necessary,” Hurd says. “There 
was no new principle of mutual aid. 

major public disorder. It has never 
been published in fufl. ACPO takes 
the view that to do so would help 
those against whom the tactics might 
be Hsed. 

Haiti knows what is in it, but 
asked if he would have to approve it, 
he replies: “No. Oh, no.” 

The ACPO then could presum- 
ably, within the manual, introduce 
all sorts of measures without the 
Home Secretary's approval? Hurd 
says: “This is operational indepen- 
dence. They are under the law. There 
is no exemption from the law: the 
doctrine of the use of reasonable 
force, to lake one example. They are 
entitled to use only the same amount 
of reasonable force as any other 

“Supposing you have a riot of the 

~ a gap between police 
and public in some places and Mr 
Hurd knows it The strategy to deal 
with it includes consultative groups, 
recruiting of ethnic minorities, and 
neighbourhood watch schemes. 

The long stop for relationships 
potentially fraught with difficulty is 
the Police Complaints Authority. It 
is still bedding down, Hurd says, but 
its independent supervision of the 
han ding of complaints is proving its 

When there is public concern 
about a particular policing issue that 
the Inspectorate cannot sort out, 
Whitehall's way is to set up a 
working group. One has been estab- 
lished, for example, over the use of 
firearms. All aspects, including 
procedures and training, are to be 
considered. The report is nearing 
completion and Hurd has promised 
10 make its conclusions known to the 
House. _ _ 

Peter Evans 


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• • • * .* * 'i 

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blacks. All Metropolitan policemen 
are now taught about ethnic cultures 
and how to deal with blades and 
Asians in a way least likely to cause 
misunderstanding or offence. But 
mutual suspicion is the norm, and 
attempts to recruit more black 
policemen have had only limited 

“Over the last 20 years,” Sir 
Kenneth says, “there has been very 
tendentious treatment of policing 
mattm in some of the ethnic 
newspapers, which has not projected 
a fair picture of the police. They’re 
entitled to point to police abuse, but 
they go beyond that, with a stream of 
anti-police material. It hasn't done 
very much to improve relations.” 

Inner-city tension has also re- 
sulted in criticisms to the Metro- 
politan Police in effect accept the 
existence of no-go areas, especially in 
Bruton. Sir Kenneth accepts that a 
different “style” of policing may be 
necessary in some areas where the 
police's duty to enforce the letter of 
the law might conflict with their duty 
to preserve the peace. 

The conversation, whatever area 
of policing is under discussion, keeps 
returning to inadequate manpower 
and resources. Sir Kenneth has a 
persuasive line io relevant statistical 
comparisons. He points out that 
crime-related activities account for 
only 25 per cent of the police's time, 
the rest being taken up by other 
demands on the force like traffic 
management, protecting embassies, 
monitoring demonstrations and 
dealing with paperwork. 

His priorities are to put more 
policemen on the streets and to 
increase the number of officers 
investigating organized crime, es- 
pecially with a drugs connection, 
which be sees as his biggest long- 
term problem. “There are hundreds 
of millions of pounds washing 
around. Eventually all that money is 
going to have to be laundered. TTial 
has the most horrendous implica- 
tions for the stability, peace and 
security of society.” 

However much skilful juggling of 
resources Sir Kenneth is able to do. 
“something bas to go. It has meant 
hard choices, but they haven’t been 

* y. 

Or gan iz ed : Sir Kenneth Newman, worried by the manpower shortage 

made arbitrarily. We go out and 
sample market preferences.” That 
public preference is dearly for more 
bobbies on the beau 

Sir Kenneth's early years at the 
Yard were bedevilled by a suspicious 
force's resistance to his methods and 
philosophy. He was accused of being 
too much the theoretician, too 
absorbed with planning at the ex- 
pense of action, in essence, too 
“soft” Sir Kenneth is irritated when 
people see organization and action as 
contradictory aims. 

“I think gradually they're begin- 

ning to see the benefits of reorganiza- 
tion. There's less paperwork, less 
bureaucracy. I would not, however, 
pretend that the constable on the 
street frilly understands the logic of 
what I'm doing.” 

J. - 

Marcel Berlins 


Law school: training 
the bobby for the beat 


a 1 




I Bracelet (6J 
5 Tramp(4) 

8 Daily record {5/ 

9 Inactive period (3.4) 
11 Mislay 181 

13 Cooking fet (41 
IS Contractions (13i 

17 Baby carriage (4i 

18 Vulcanized rubber • 

inventor iSi 

21 Prohibition (7) 

22 At the lime that 1 5) 

23 Hum We (4) 

24 Chatter (6) 


2 Accumulate (5) 

3 Ridicule! 3) 

4 Ductless gland sci- 
ence (lii 

5 Vast (4) 

6 5wagBer(7) 

7 Thvroid cartilage 

10 Minor road (4.6) 
12 Suggestive look (4) 
14 Hone breeding 
centre (4) 

18 Prickly shrub (7) 
29 Gifted group 15) 
20 Hard journey (4) 
22 Cleverness 13) 


ACROSS: 1 Humid 4 Swelter 8 Renew 9 liberal 10 Back- 
bone II Dean 13 Totalizator 17 Bout 18 Sequence 21 Si- 
rocco 22 Homer 23 Resumes 24 Adder 
DOWN: 1 Hereby 2 Manic 3 Downbeat 4 Splendiferous 5 
Elba 6 Torpedo 7 Relent 12 Babushka 14 Oeuvres 15 
Abuser 16 Bearer 19 Nomad 20 Scum. 



Shoe exporting company with complete structure 
in Novo Hamburgo - RS - Brazil, with experience 
in the engiish market, intends to 
contact importer/ agent to increase 
the business with the british market. 

Please, contact telex n? (51) 3463 BZSY 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

--v ::'v ■? 

close uv gg^ een Tumer » 

Hollywood’s new 
queen of curves, 
is among the fans of Nino Cerruti 
(below) "whose restrained style and 
* classic cut have gained him a crown 

T he suit is the fashion 
statement which 
opens the 20 th cen- 
tury. says Nino 
Cerruti: “It repre- 
sents our century of industry.’* 
The Italian-born designer can 
claim to have invented the 
man’s suit as we know it — 
light, supple, sexy and a 
symbol of power dressing that 
has conquered the globe. 

“The only things that last in 
fashion are clothes that have a 
real reason," says Cerruti. 
“For both men and women, 
our subconscious demands 
that we wear clothes that work 
with life ” 

This autumn in London, 
Nino Cerruti has opened his 
twenty-fifth shop. It is dedi- 
cated to the purist principles 
of fashion which he has prac- 
tised from his Paris head- 
quarters for the past 20 years. 
Those qualities were once 
considered essentially English: 
tradition, quiet good taste, 
classic cut, fine fabrics and a 
lack of show. 

Cerruti has stayed with his 
style come hell or hot pants or, 
as he puts it, be has “protected 
a certain number of values 
against the barbarian inva- 
sion. For a number of years 1 
was pretty much alone, among 
the crazy and outrageous 

Nino Cerruti lias a more 
flamboyant side to his career. 
He is increasingly suitmaker 
to the stars, including Kath- 
leen Turner, Hollywood's lat- 

of the 


est Queen of the Curves, who 
smouldered at his Paris show 
in a sober grey striped suit and 
says that she likes the 
“restraint” of his designs. 
Cerruti also tailors for Jack 
Nicholson and for Sting, 
whose sharp suits set style for 
the young 

Cerruti's success as a new 
genera Lion tailor comes from 
the fine cloths made by the 
company his grandfather 
founded in northern Italy in 

Seeing the ready-to-wear 
way of the world back in 1 957, 
the young Nino set up a 
tailoring factory which fore- 
shadowed the successful com- 
mercial growth of the Italian 
men wear industry. 

Cerruti now vies for the title 
of King of the Suit with 
Giorgio Armani, who trained 
for three years with Cerruti, 
Both designers make clothes 
that are free from the bravura 
which characterizes Italian 
men's fashion and makes 
Englishmen nervous. 

“A suit is done for a person, 
not for an audience,” says 
Cerrnti. “It will never be more 
important than when that 
person is wearing it But you 
can still combine moderation 
and whimsicality.” - 

He designs sports clothes as 
well as tailoring and plays with . 
•colour, malting a classic jacket 
in anthracite tweed flecked 
with yellow, green, rose pink, 
picking up the same colours in 
tender cashmere sweaters, so- 

1 vr-v - .• > ' >" . 1 

.•Vi.-, •.-•a 

'' ■i r . 1 >* & ' v *' m 

The ultimate tuxedo: 

trousers £615, pleat- 
cummerbund. AH froe 

teat-front dinner shirt save red tie and 
from Cerruti, 76 New Bond Street W1 

New generation tailoring: woven stripe suit £495, primrose and 
grey check shirt £65, cashmere sweater and toning tie. All from 
Cerruti. Photographs by CHRIS DAWES 

ber collegiate ties or Argyll 
checked socks. 

‘‘There are new volumes, 
new materials, new techniques 
and new ideas,” be says. “But 
you cannot separate the ma- 
terial you use from the gar- 
ments and you cannot make 
the shape without understand- 
ing the material. Comfort is 
the key. Tailoring is some- 
thing that follows your body 
bat does not define it-” 

Nino Cerruti is 56, a family 
man with an elegant French 
wife and a son and daughter 
who may carry on the family 
business. He is wearing a 
knitted polo-collared sweater. 

as invention of the 1930s 
which he describes as another 
fashion symbol of the century, 
alpng with the jogging suit. 

His women’s wear collec- 
tions. launched in 1976, are 
played out in soft flannel, 
camel hair or even pin-stripes, 
all based on the lines of the 
male wardrobe. “But not that 
horrendous word ‘unisex’," he 
says. “There is a kind of 
classic comfort that comes 
from using men's materials in 
a feminine way. Man has been 
100 years ahead of woman in 
getting rid of gratuitous 

He dismisses the wild and 

whacky: “There has been such 
an orgy of fashion and too 
much of it has never gone 
further than the runway on 
which it was presented. Fash- 
ion is not an abstract exercise 
like pure art, that you do today 
and wait 20 years for people to 
understand. The main pur- 
pose of fashion is to make 
people look better." 

His shops are designed by 
his friend, the Milanese archi- 
tect Vico Magistretti. who 
shares Cerruti’s love of natu- 
ral materials and classic 
modernity. This has been 
interpreted in Bond Street as a 
two-floor shop with polished 

Cumbrian slate floors and 
maple wood fittings rounded 
off in tan leather. 

Does Cerruti really believe 
that his men’s ready-to-wear 
suits, which sell at prices not 
far off Savile Row. are as 
desirable as the tailor-made 
suit? In England, he says, “the 
fine work of the tailors is not 
followed up by the clothing 
industry, The roles of the 
game are different in France 
and Italy. Italian fashion was 
bom with ready-to-wear and is 
more practical." 

His ofT-the-peg suits come 
in a variety of torso shapes, 
shoulder widths and proper- 

Back to 

I bear that photographer 
John SwanneO, whose colt 
book of nodes a la nature Is 
launched by Quartet on 
Thursday, has some more 
surprises np his record 
sleere. Versatile SwanneU 
has designs on Duran 
Damn, and will soon be 
showing os Simon le Boa 
wearing “an Old Etonian 
look". Any hopes of seeing 
Simon or his luscious wife 
Yasmia in the boff at this 
week's hub at Hamilton's 
Gallery are dashed by the 
discovery that the fashion 
crowd are expected to come 
fully dressed. 


lions. The prices (about £500 
for a suit and £300 for a jacket) 
point up. he says, the dif- 
ference between the expensive 
("a high price without value 
behind it") and the costly 
(“that gives real value"). 

What does he think of the 
return of the suit and the 
revenge of the formal on a 
decade of casual clothes? “We 
have had our period of beauty 
and freedom in fashion.” he 
says with a twinkle. “There 
will be a return to structures 
that echoes a return to moral 
values. I ihink it will be good 
for suits, but the present is 
much more fun." 

Karl Lagerfeld is expecting 4 
all his greatest fans tomor- $ 
row when he holds open ^ 
shop in Bond Street from j 
11.30am with Anna Piagi 3 
to celebrate the ptdlication SL 
of their joint chef d’oeuvre. 3 
His signature is yours for T 
the (vast) price of the 3 
Thames and Hudson tome. ] 
And the shop’s fashion j 
direcirice Lady Mendle- 1 
sham will be happy to let a 
him sign all the frocks you 1 
care to buy. 3 

Money talks | 

What was behind the be- ^ 
trothal pictures of the sleek T 
Italian tycoon Carlo De 
Benedetti sitting with a shy -j 
Yves Saint Laurent against < 
the panther fur cushions in 3 
Yves's Paris apartment? 3 
Almost all was revealed | 
Last Thursday when Pierre 3 
Serge, Yves’s constant \ 
companion and business pj 
brain, announced a finan- 4 
cial marriage of conve- ;«• 
nience which gives the -J 
Italian company a 25 per 
cent stake in YSL. And 1 
why should a company j 
going public in 1989, and 1 
which has given Yves 1 
houses in Morocco, a f? 
Proustian folly in France U 
and a fabled art collection, 
need more working capital? 
Paris gossip is hot on the f * 

scant ol Charles of the Ritz, r’ 
the company that ownsp, 
YSL fragrances (as well as L.j 
Gianni Versace's) and is fl 
currently up for sale. § i 


ex, ex- 
nd rose 

jwih jn 
/ as an 
L Tu ro- 
of the 
from 7 
nt and 
igJes is : 
d mil- ' 

10 mil- 
ex pen - 
ked to 
it not 
ils are 

4 Sole sisters under the skin 

Gsoffniy Sima 


Ragged winter shoes are tak- 
ing a walk on the wild side this 
season (Rebecca Tyrrel 
writes). The newest womea’s 
shoes are made fro m po ny- 
skin, dyed in vivid autumn 
greens and russets and pat- 
terned with animal prints, 
leopard spots or zebra stripes. 
Tough soles are cut in geo- 
metric shapes to lift you out of 
muddy rats or grip slippery 
dty streets. 

Stout walking shoes are 
decorated with shiny studs, 
mottled leather and punching; 
moccasins lose their district 
nurse look with a palette of 
autumnal colours from chest- 
nut brown to mossy green. 

Laser blue suede slip-ons, 
£65 from Stephana Kelian, 
49 Staane Street, SW1 

Tan leather and suede 
boots. £44.95, Barratts, 396 
Oxford Street, W1 

Breatafite Fatima avai lable 


9 7b* Precm* 
Sunbeam, Herts 
(0937) <42974 or 453347 

Sms 5ST>ps ter Srr*« 

+ mwJ ST'S 


12/13 November 
will be holding a 
sale of exclusive 
chintzes, wall pipers 
usd trimmings at 

188 Walton Street 



For the best P.A. and 
Secretarial positions in 
film and television, 
publishing, media 
and many other exciting 

see tomorrow’s pages: 
for vacancies for the 
Creme de la Creme 

Black leather and print 
moccasins. £32.99, Hobbs, 
47 South Morton Street, W1 

Bottle areen pony-skin 
boots, £75 by Mulberry, 11- 
12 Gees Court, W1 

Emerald green suede 
moccasins, £29.99 by Bafly 
from all branches 

Brown leather and green 
suede shoes by Bertie, 469 
Oxford Street, W 1 

Liberty shopping 


This week The 
Times , in 
with Liberty, is 
offering its 
readers an 
exclusive opportunity 10 
spend an evening shopping for 
Christmas when the store is 
dosed to the general public. 
On Tuesday December 2, 
from 6.30pm to 830pm, 
Times readers are invited to 
shop and rake part in a whole 
host of special activities at the 
Regent Street store. 

Fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes will join a team of 
Times experts to answer your 
questions on Christmas gifts, 
introduce milliner Kirsten 
Woodward, and sign her latest 
book. The Royal Jewels. 

For those readers who are 
unable to come 10 London, 
Liberty stores throughout the 
country will similarly be 
opened exdusively for Times 
readers on the same day at the 
same time. The addresses are 
listed below. 

Each store win feature a free 
draw, with prizes including a 
£100 Liberty gift voucher. 
You will be welcomed with a 
glass of wine on arrival and a 
special Liberty' gift. In addi- 
tion, for every £50 you spend 
during the evening. Liberty 
will present you with a £5 gift 
voucher. Further derails will 
be announced tomorrow and 
on Friday. 

• How to take up our invita- 
tion: Cut out the voucher 
below and send it to Liberty 
Evening The Times, PO Box 
396, Mitcham, Surrey CR4 
2XH by Wednesday Novem- 
ber 19. 

Please be sure to indicate 
which branch you will visit 
from the following: Regent 
Street, London; New Bond 
Street, Bath; Trinity Street. 
Cambridge; Burgate, Canter- 
bury; George Street, Edin- 
burgh; Buchanan Street. 
Glasgow; King Street, Man- 
chester. London Street, Nor- 
wich; Davygaie, York. 

exclusive Christmas shopping evening at 


Please send me an invitation for . 


You haven’t 
experienced real luxury 
until you’ve worn 
one of my 100% pure silk 

! c~ 

The money you save 

Kurt von Herzfeld is a man who loves silk And he 
understands this most luxurious of all natural fibres as tew 
others because for more than 30 years he has been a 
respected London silk merchant, working with many 
varieties of silk from around the world 

The Silk Merchant’s Art 

Sourcing the best raw material from the silk markets of 
Europe arid the For East is not cn easy task Try if yourself 
and you'll understand it takes knowledge, experience 
and much, much patience You will also understand 11 
requires taste and dedicated skill to develop the subtle 
techniques for enhancing and preserving the unique 
qualifies of silk 

Kurt von Herzfeld deals exclusively with silk. t00 o s pure 
Silk and nothing but silk He soys. 

‘There is simply nothing to compare with the wondrous 
feel of silk It is a 100% natural and orgor ric fibre: ! uxuricus 
to the touch; rich ond sensuous on the skin and elegantly 
beautiful as it moves.' 

He naturally holds strong views about tne silk used in 
fashion and tailoring these days He believes there is only 
one ideal silk material for men's shirts - this is technically 
known os ‘pure silk spun’ Kurt von Herzfeld says 

•Pure silk spun makes the perfect man's luxury shirt, both 
in weight and feel. 

I select the finest silk from the Far East and ccrefuily 
preserve its natural luxurious qualifies. My special 
techniques also include treatments for wear, easy-care 
and guarantees against shrinkage. 

In my judgement, nothing compares with my 'pure silk 
spun' for o luxury shirt.’ 

It may take an experienced silk merchant to provide the - 
best silk, but anyone con tell the difference when it s 
made up into a shirt 

'My shirts are made by one of the top shirimakers in 
England, ond I believe, the only shirtmekers who con do 
justice to tnis luxurious fabric.' 

The Shirtmaker’s Craft 

Every Kurt von Herzfeld shirt is individually mode to the 
highest possible standards of traditional 'craft' 
shirtmaking by specialist makers of fine English 
gentlemen's shirts for almost 150 years. 

Each shirt is generously cut in the classic English sty's ond 
individually tailored through some 60 separate sewing, 
finishing and quality control operations. This includes a 
top-strtched front yoke, twin stitched sleeve-head and 
double stitched collars and curfs. 

Each shirt is individually inspected ond ccrefuffy 
wrapped before boxing and despcrcn. 

The Kurt von Herzfeld Shirt 

This is the ultimate in elegant luxury A lOCEs cure silk shirt 
that looks beautiful, feels wonderful, will not shrink or 
fade and is fully guaranteed. 

'Why settle for something that may only look like silk, 
when for only £24.95 you can have the real thing?’ 

Order one today and * if you are not delighted and 
completely satisfied, simply return the shirt in good 
condition within 14 days for o full refund * 

0^ttwn^rz£sfx£.lC9s p©fl 

To. & r c: |__ ~j 

fen 3 £v.*U) a indicated cr. ^£24.95eor,anz c-' j r B £27.95eo|l 

CCLLA* SiZS ~ 1 14 k:i '.f.M h';l ’.7 -C--aL ■? f.i \?\ iCTAij j 

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Scotland Yard is about to put in a 
[civilian to police its own public 
relations department Front-run- 
ner as director of the 70-strong 
department .is Robin Goodfellow, 
temporarily marketing chief _ at 
English Heritage, an 4>ipnization 
whose only recent dealings with 
the police were at Stonehenge. He 
succeeds Deputy Assistant 
Commissioner Richard Weds* 
who enjoyed a salary at least 
£4,000 higher than his civilian 
replacement. I understand that 
two senior civil servants in line for 
the post pulled out when they 
neard it paid a mere £26,000 (or 
thereabouts). Goodfellow says he 
Jus only been “paper-pushing” 
during his months at English 
Heritage, Such modesty will 
encourage talk that the Yard has 
downgraded the crucial job of 
smoothing its public image- Alter 
all, the last civilian to hold the 
post was Bob Gregory, best 
remembered not as a .police 
spokesman but as the inventor of 
Schweppes' Schhh . . .You Know 
Who slogan. 

Left hook 

Neil Kinnock is mistaken if be 
thfhks he has tamed the hard left 
arid firmly established his leader- 
ship of the party. John Wilton, 
Labour's parliamentary candidate 
for; Birmingham, Edgbaston, 
launches a vitriolic attack against 
leader and deputy leader in this 
month's London Labour Briefing. 
“The party leadership will be at hs 
weakest after the election when a 
Kignock-led government operat- 
ing'HattersIey’s economic- policy 
runs into trouble,” he predicts; 
when the party leadership started 
to put the screws on the working 
cla& “it must be challenged.” 
Wilton says the left must find its 
own leader and develop an overall 
strategy. Turning the party's new 
red rose symbol on its head, he 
adds: “The rose cannot be pruned. 
It must be dug up” 

• linpressed by the political wis- 
dofhs contained in Douglas Hard's 
new novel, Palace of Enchant- 
ments, John Botcher, die industry 
minister, has toU his private staff 
that invitation to die office Christ- 
mas party is conditional on their 
reading ft. 

Tearaway Terry 

I gather that the contemporary 
angel of international affairs, 
Terry Waite, couid-be a bit of a 
devil in his younger days* Tfus I, 
have from a- surety reliable source, 
his brother David, who runs a 
wallpaper shop in the Oxfordshire 
town of Witney. . Apparently .the' 
twq of them used to belong to a 
Just William - type gang which was 
for ever getting Into scrapes; one 
winter a neighbour caught the lads 
shoving snowballs through his 
letterbox. The gang turned tail and 
ran. The victim identified only 
one — the young T.W., who even 
then stood head and shoulders 
above the rest This kind of thi^g 
happened so regularly that it 
finally taxed the diplomacy of 
Terras father- a local bobby. . 


m comforting to know 
that a well stocked fall-oat 
shelter has its uses* 

Namely, no 

It seems Oxford magistrates’ court 
has an odd way of interpreting last 
month's High Court ruling that it 
is illegal to withhold the names of 
magistrates from the public. Last 
Thursday Julian Jaconet asked the 
court for that morning's list ofJPs. 
He must apply in writing, he was 
tokL Hg did - but has not yet had 
a reply. Stuart Biggin, the derfc, 
tells me Jaco net’s initial request 
was refused because junior staff 
had been instructed not to give 
names unless the applicant could 
demonstrate he had “sufficient 
interest” in the matter — the 
phrase in the High Court judge- 
ment. Jacottet is not only ' an 
Oxfordshire county councillor but 
Labour' spokesman on Thames 
yalley police authority. He is 
taking up the matter with the 
chairman of the Oxford mag- 
istrates' bench. 

#. A . disconcerting range of affiao- 
dons at the Papagayo Park tebrarc 
centre & Acapulco, Mexico: me- 
chanic games, restamant, electric 
chairs, i - 

Actor’s share 

Whose is die coaxing Welsh voice 
urging us aii-to buy shares in 
British Gas? None other than 
actor Anthony Hopkins, darling of 
the' far left for ois portrayal of' 
Lambert La Roux in Howard 
Brenton and David Hare’s anti- 
Esjablishment play Pruvda. “He 
doesn't want any publicity about 
the British Gas assignment,” 
Hopkins's agent tells me. 


unions your 

The media projection of the union- 
employer relationship ig a travesty of 
the truth, but we have only ourselves to 

As general secretary of the Amal- 
gamated Engineering Union, I find 
myself from time to time addressing 
potential investors to convince them 
that Britain is a good place to establish a 
manufacturing facility, thereby creating 
jobs. But l am constantly appalled by 
the perception of. the. industrial relations 
scene in our country as viewed from 
Geneva, Frankfort, New York or 

Why are we so self-destructive? Why. 
is it that failure at a factory is worthy of 
national comment when at the same 
plant a strike-free, trouble-free period of 
years never gets mentioned? We live ina 
rough . competitive world; why do we 
make it tougher? 

In any 10-year period since 1945 our 
country's place in the International. 
Labour Organization league for lost 
time through labour disputes has always 
been around halfway. We have -been 
consistently worse than West Germany, 
France, Japan, Sweden and the USA. 
Equally consistently we have been better ' 
than Australia, Canada, Italy, Ireland 
and Spain. . . 

by Gavin Laird 

Is it not time for all of us who are in- 
terested in making our country more 
successful, more competitive, to be seen 
together as advocates in those things 
that we have in common? We all want to 
see unemployment reduced and living 
standards improved. How do we to- 
gether achieve these goals? Certainly not 
as Mr Kenneth Clarke advocates, by 
lowering wages. It is not high" wages we 
suffer from —indeed, sadly, it is the opp- 
osite: Britain is a low wage economy — it 
is high unit costs that make out products 

My union wants companies to be 
successful and profitable. It encourages 
members to identify with the company 
that employs them and advocates single 
status for blue and white collar workers. 
It wants to see the status of manufac- 
turing industry enhanced, with tech- 
nicians and professional managers not 
only, paid much more than lawyers or 
their like but also further up the social . 

. These aspirations, I believe, are not so 
for removed - from those ^ of many 
members of the CBI. So why don’t we 
find ways of jointly saying so? It is our 

fault for foiling to pul across the positive 
message. We are all too often en- 
trenched in our own redoubt, blaming 
the “other side” for our own failings 
while our foreign competitors walk- 
away with the prize. ' 

• I am not naive enough to think that 
our different roles can or indeed sh ould 
be obscured. The unions want a bigger 
public sector; the CBI wants a smaller 
one. But to dwell on those real 
differences is missing the point. Our 
joint challenge is how continuously to 
enlarge the national cake, and only, then 
to negotiate our respective share. 

Trade unions have been their own 
worst enemy and have paid the price for 
complacency. For the fust time since the 
war less than half the work force belongs 
to a union. As a result, trade unionism 
has bad to become more professional 
and sophisticated. 

. Whatever the pattern of employment 
in the future, it will adapt and demand 
more of a say in the organization of 
production. How much better for 
employers to have a working relatibn- 
■ ship with that force and rebuild an 
industrial base worthy of the 21st 

Extracted from a speech to the CBI conference 
at Bournemouth yesterday. 

Philip Jacobson on the new threat to Philippine democracy 

When Corazon Aquino was 
preparing to fly to the US six 
weeks ago on her first presidential 
visit outside the Philippines, the 
Manila coffee bouse gossip mis 
that she risked going the same way 
as other Third World leaders 
overthrown by a coup almost as 
soon as the seat belt sign went oft 
In the event, si » returned to a 
warm welcome aftera triumphant 
tour. Bat as die gets down to 
business in Japan today on an- 
other official mission, the ru- 
mours of an imminent move to 
overthrow her nine-month-old 
government have reached such a 
fever pitch that the country’s 
most senior army officer has reft 
obliged to give a public warning 
that “military adventurers*’ plot- 

be forcefully “ neutralized. , ” 

It i$ no secret at whom this 
message is directed: Mis. Aquino’s 
defence minister, Joan Ponce 
Enrile. and the circle of impetuous 
young colonels who surround 
him. As part of an increasingly 
aggressive campaign of agitation 
against her administration and 
what he considers its unacceptably 
left-wing policies, Enrile has even 
delivered a deliberately provoc- 
ative speech to 10,000. supporters 
of tire deposed Ferdinand Marcos 
while they chanted “ Down with 

:Tq some Observers, tin seems to 
have moved to the very brink’of 
treason. How else, they ask, to 
describe the action of a senior 
minister who holds secret talks 
with disaffected army officers to 
discuss the logistics of overthrow- 
ing the government in which he 

But then, Enrile has worries of 
his own. The only member of the 
previous cabinet to serve in the 
Aquino government, he has just 
learned that he is under in vestiga- 
tion by the US Justice Department 
for the possible misuse of substan- 
tial amounts of American aid 
money during the Marcos years. 
What's more, there are good 
grounds for suspecting that these 
allegations were deliberately 
leaked in Washington as pari of a 
strategy to undermine his chal- 
lenge to Mrs Aquino. It is known 
that the Reagan administration 
has already told Enrile, in robustly 
undiplomatic language, of its dis- 
pleasure at his loud assertions that 
she has no legal mandate to rule. 
The White House then underlined 
that message by publicly 
proclaiming “complete and un- 
equivocal support” for Mrs 

But with 20 years of roughhouse 
politics behind him, Enrile is a 
tough and wily adversary. He 
understands how touchy Filipinos 
can be when they sniff US 
interference in the affairs of what 
was once Unde Sam's only col- 
ony. Mrs Aquino's official spokes- 
man did her. no favour by 
announcing that she had received 
“the blessings of the Great White 
Father, Reagan,” and Enrile 

snapped up the .opening. . He 
denounced the reported Justice 
Department allegations as “veiled 
blackmail” and declared , that he 
would hot be deterred from serv- 
ing the national interest. ; 

» talk, laying bare the 
the divisions within a 
government which was deliriously 
welcomed by Filipinos yearning 
for national reconciliation. True. 
“Johnny” Enrile and Corazon 
Aquino were always an odd 
couple. He had, after all, locked up 
her late husband, . Benigno,. on 
orders from Marcos, and although 
his last gasp defection was prob- 
ably the crucial factor in. her 
election triumph, his nose for 
intrigue, coupled with an un- 
disguised taste for the high life, 
contrasts sharply with the new 
pres dent’s simple and direct style. 

Today, as he challenges Mrs 
Aquino to test her popularity by 
standing for election again, pours 
scorn on the draft constitution she 
is putting to a national referen- 
dum in January and drops un- 
snbtle hints about his loyal but 
impatient supporters in the high 
command, a head-on collision 
that would end with his resigna- 
tion or removal seems unavoid- 
able. In either event that spells 
trouble, because Enrile insists that 
if anyone has to leave the coalition 
government, it is automatically 

The Reagan administration’s 
keen interest in the outcome of the 
struggle embraces rather more 
than questions of constitutional 
legitimacy. Continued use of the 
two huge US military bases in the 
Philippines — dark air field and 
the Subic Bay naval complex — 
remains central to Washington’s 
strategic planning for the region. 
The threat posed to these installa- 

tions) . . 
of the New People's Army (NPA) 
and the dear inability of the US- 
. trained and equipped government 
troops to contain it was causing 
sharp concern long before Maxims 
was overthrown. 

When President Aquino arrived 
in Washington for the first time, 
the word from the White House 
was that she would be expected to 
get much tougher with the rebels 
before receiving more aid for the 
crippled Philippine economy. Her 
own preference for social and - 
economic reform to remove the 
root cause of the NPA’s growing 
strength, accompanied by the 
release of prominent commu n ists 
and attempts to negotiate a 
ceasefire, was clearly not what 
official circles there wanted to 

In the Philippines, Emile and 
his staff were telling every journal- 
ist who crossed their path that the 
president’s soft tine, on the NPA 
had seriously undermined foe 
military’s advantage on foe battle- 
field. Those of us who have 
observed' the ineptly ted arid 
demoralized Philippine army in 
action might question whether it 
was actually making any progress 
at all, but that only adds force to 
warnings from the Enrile camp 
that the war is approaching a 
critical poini at which the guerril- 
las could seize, and probably 
maintain, the advantage. The 
truce which Mrs Aquino insists 
must precede her cherished peace 
talks would, it was argued, merely 
provide the NPA with a chance to 
regroup and step up preparations 
fora new offensive. • ■ • 

It was something of a-suprise, 
then, to hear, at the end or last 
month, a State Department 
spokesman lavish praise on foe 

' * Mrs Aqafwi came to 
power in February only 
after Enrile (above) 
deserted Marcos in her 
favour. Now he is 
openly challenging her 
leadership in a struggle 
in which Washington is 

increasingly involved 

Aqaino government for 
out a reform strategy which 
result in a stable, democratic and 
prosperous Philippines-” Sanulta- 
neoBsty,* 1 ) Reagan administration 
sources lefit to be known that Mrs 
Aquino’s handling of the dash 
with Enrile was much admired in 
Washington. Does that indicate a 
sudden conversion in American 
thinking, a shift to foe olive 
branch over the sword? Was it 
pure coincidence that the damag- 
ing allegations against Enrile ap- 
peared a few days later? 

-Most observers in Manila be- 
lieve., that this outspoken US 
support has strengthened .Mrs 
Aquino’s position immeasurably. 
The White House’s lead was 
swiftly followed by two im- 
mensely. influential figures in (he 
Philippines. First, foe revered 
(and. famously shrewd) Cardinal 
Jaime Sin, Archbishop of Manila, 
emphasised his approval of the 
president’s peace initiative. Then 
General Fidel Ramos; the sained 
forces chief of siaff who had joined 
Enrile in turning against- Marcos 
in Ffehniary, made it dear that be 
would order his troops in to action 
against any uprising. 

Yet for all that, the situation 
remains highly volatile. A series of 
bomb explosions in public places 
has been attributed to “destabiliz- 
ing elements”; there is unex- 
plained shooting is the night. The 
prospect of a t e mp o ra r y ceasefire 
ultimately being agreed with the 
NPA, to be followed by formal 
peace negotiations, does nothing 
to reduce the tension. Nobody can 
say how Enrile and the young 
officers around him would receive 
that. For Corazon AquinO, the 
greatest test of her young presi- 
dency may be just around the 

Spring election? More likely autumn 

One does not need a particularly 
Machiavellian cast of mind to 
understand attempts by the Chan- 
cellor, Nigel Lawson, to play down 
the imminence of an election 
following his autumn statement 
last week. After all, he has yet to 
engineer the “election boom” with 
which he is credited. That decision 
remains to be taken in foe Budget. 
And. there . are a great many 
uncertainties between now and 
then, particularly the strength of 
sterling and the trend in oil prices. 

So far decisions hayebeen taken 
on only one side of foe 
government's accounts, with 
agreement on'bg increases in 
public spending. If the spending 
increases turn out to be a straight 
swap for tax cutis, leaving the 
planned level of borrowing un- 
changed, then that . would put less 
money in people’s pockets than 
cutting taxes. 

It is very difficult to find 
anyone, either in politics or in foe 
financial markets, who believes 
there will be no fiscal relaxation. 
The example of Roy Jenkins, 
Lawson’s predecessor but four, 
who is alleged to have left foe 
economic stimulus too late in 
1970, is well remembered But the 
scale of any relaxation is, at this 

stage, known neither to foe mar- 
kets nor to foe Chancellor. . . 

Whatever happens in foe Bud- 
get, the economic outlook seems 
to point more to an autumn 
election than a dash to the polls in 
foe spring. If putting money in 
people’s pockets is what wins 
elections, then it is significant that 
the Treasury’s most recent fore- 
cast, issued with the autumn 
statement, suggests that consumer 
spending will be rising fester in foe 
second half of 1987 than the first. 

Investment is also expected to. 
be growing more strongly in the 
second half of foe year. Taking 
consumer spending, investment, 
and exports together, the economy 
is likely to expand almost twice as 
fast in foe second , half ns in the 
first half. 

Faster growth will help to create 
more jobs. But a more important 
influence on the crucial electoral 
statistic of unemployment wifi 
probably be foe government's own 
special employment measures. 
Interviewing of foe long- term 
unemployed under foe Re-start 
programme wifi have finished by 
next April, achieving both a shake- 
out of those not realty available for 
work and some help in . finding a 
job for the majority. On present 
indications, that could reduce the 

numbers on foe register by per- 
haps 140,000 below what they 
would otherwise be in time for a 
spring election. 

An autumn election campaign, 
however, would benefit from the 
introduction of foe " 1 two-year 
Youth Training Scheme an- 
nounced in the 1985 Budget. This 
offers this year’s school leavers foie 
Option of staying on for a second 
year’s training which could keep 
up to 100,000 off foe register next 

Tte outlook for foe balance of 
payments, too, points to a later 
date rather than an earlier one. 
Harold Wilson blamed his defeat 
in the 1970 election on an ad vase 
set of trade figures released at a 
crucial moment during the cam- 
paign, and Mrs Thatcher will; not 
want to become a second victim of 
foe balance of payments. 

The big drop in oil prices has 
drastically reduced foe value of oil 
exports, leaving a hole in foe 
current balance of payz&eots- 
whkh has been painfully obvious, 
in recent months. Gradually, this, 
hole should be filled as exporters 
take advantage of. improved - 
competitiveness stemming from 
the fall in the pound; and foe 
predicted expansion of world 
trade as oil importers get round to 

spending foe money : they are 
saving on ofl. 

Bat that will take time. If the 
Treasury's forecast of a current 
account deficit of only £1J billion 
is anywhere near correct, it wifi be 1 
looking more credible by foe 
autumn than earlier in the year. 

Undoubtedly, the strength of' 
the pound — on which the balance 
, of payments wifi have an im- 
portant, influence - is foe biggest 
threat to the Conservatives’ elec- 
tion strategy so far as foe economy 
is concerned. And for sterling foe 
Budget judgement will be more 
important than the autumn staie- 
.ment A risky Budget would be 
liable, to get the thumbs down in 
foe foreign exchange markets be- 
fore the Chancellor had even sat' 
down — let alone an election 
could; be announced.. So foe 
Budget will have to be robust 
enough to look as though it could 
last the year. 

A surge -of support in tire 
opinion polls would offer a strong 
temptation to go early. But, that 
aside, there are good armaments to 
dissuade Mrs Thatcher from going , 
to' foe' country before next au- 
tumn. • 

- Rodney Lord 

•Economics Editor 

Roger Scnrton 

Two activities of the town hjl 
radicals have captured the pobfaro 
attention. One is foe campaign of 
“anti-taosm”, which has spread 
through all local institutions, 
intimidating, censoring and pun- 
ishing without regard for jusoco, 
mxfo or law. The other is the 
movement to disabuse children of 
their innocence, and to e nlistm ent 
in the cause of sexual liberation- 

Both movements are organized 
by “experts” who preach, cajole 
and scoff with all foe philistine 
narrow-mindedness of our Vic- 
torian forebears, although without 
the Victorian respect for justice or 
foe Victorian moral sense. Both 
derive their inspiration from foe 
sub- Marxist literature that is is- 
sued or condoned by the Inner 
London Education Ant faonty . 
Both are parr of a wider disafieo- 
. tion — of a conscious movement 
to reject the norms and decencies 
of British sodety. 

To an outsider there, is a certain 
paradox in the fact that the “anti- 
racist’’ and “anti-heterosradst” 
cam pai g ns should originate in the 
same muddled heads and a call 
upon the same violent emotions. 
Those who preach “sensitivity” to 
the needs and feelings ofthe ethnic 
minorities, and who sanctimo- 
niously pry into, their neighbour’s 
conscience for the least trace of 
some “rarist” abomination, ought 
to know that neither ‘Muslims 
from the Indian sub-continent, 
nor Gospel Christians from the 
Caribbean, desire to see their 
children exposed in school to the 
ethic of sexual liberation. 

Contemplating the radical con- 
science, as it arbitrarily persecutes 
a Honeyfond, a Savery or a 
McGoldrick, on the mere sus- 
picion of haying harboured a 
forbidden thought, while at the 
same time seddng to open foe eyes 
of Muslim schoolgirls to the 
techniques of contraception and 
foe delights of lesbian sex, one is 
strode by the immense and 
patronizing contempt for actual 
peopte by which the new puritan is 
animated. Nothing seems to mat- 
ter to him as much as foe public 
display of his- unassailable rec- 
titude. He cares not one jot i£ in 
order to enjoy his posture as 
champion of the minorities 
against British culture, he must 
trample on every decency which 
foe minorities brad dear. For him, 
foe minorities are not actual 
people, with values and pieties of 
their own, but simply means to his 
exultation — unconscious con- 
scripts in a battle not their own. 

The stock response to the hew 
Puritanism is that given on this 
page by Anne Sofer on October 6. 
Scoffing at Kenneth Baker's agjia- 
tibn over the children’s -book . 
entitled Jenny Lives with Eric and 
Martin , she dismissed the whole 
niatter as of no particular hhr 
partaaoe. For a Secretary oFState 
to exercise himself over a book 
which had already, been with-, 
drawn from circulation, and over 
an attitude which haduo public 
support was, she implied, faintly 
ridiculous, and certainty not 

something that we shook! expect 
from an Alliance government. 

Unfortunately, not only is foe . 
situation far more serious than 
Mrs Sofer implies (foe children's 
book m question bring only one 
«mftfi mmprmemoftireaaw“«nti- 
hderosexist” curriculum whose 
resource list has been compiled by 
foe ILEA. We can also have no 
confidence that an Affiance gov- 
ernment would be ether able or 
willing to stem the tide. Members 
the Liberal Party are prominent 
in foe battle agamsi the moral 

majority, and cm all matters to dew 
with morality the liberal 

Party has shown itself to be as 
antinomian and as hostile to 
ft * ra tional values as the permis- 
sive puritans. Its attitude can be 
gaugsd from foe behaviour of the 
London Boroughs’ Grants Comm- 
ittee, appointed to succeed the 
GLC in administering foc oom - 
pulsory charity that is extorted 
from the ratepayers of London. 

The Liberal councils hold the 
balance of power on this commit- 
tee,- which is' chaired by David 
Williams of Liberal Richmond: 
and duty have endorsed a grant of 
£120,000 to the London Lesbian 
and Gay Centre; of £27,000 to the 
Black Lesbian and Gay Group; of 
£80,000 to the Lesbian and Gay 
Employment Rights group; of 
£17,000 to Lesbian Line; ol 
£39,000 to The Lesbians and 
Policing Project; of £33,000 to the 
Gay London Police monitoring 
group; and a host of other grants to a 
every kind of _ radical pressure 
group, from “Grinds Ltd-, Lesbian 
Archives”, to the “Chilean 
Women in Exile’s Nursery.’* 

It is not hard to explain the case 
with which leftists and liberals 
enter into alliance against the 
moral majority. The new puritan- 
ism argues that majority values 
are inherently unjustifiable, be- 
cause oppressive. The liberal ar- 
gues that all values are inherently 
unjustifiable, and therefore that 
none has a special right to prevail 
But the effect is the same: to 

majority values and who seek to 
undermine their authority. 

Those who imagine that educa- 
tion is safer in tire hands of a 
liberal than in those of a permis- 
sive puritan are therefore making 
a great error of judgment. Every *j» 
egalitarian fad, once puffed up by 
pubfic funds, and given the 
opportunity for sen-advertise- 
ment, will enter its natural home, 
which is the state educational 
system. This dragon constantly 
seeks new ways of breaking down 
the “distinctions” by which our 
sodety is governed, new ways of 
destroying foe “elitist” culture 

that has-been entrusted to it Until 
it fa overcome the attack on 
majority values is bound to con- 
tmue, and whether sanctioned by 
puritan fervour, or by liberal 
indifference, its first and most 
important victims win always be 
children, since they alone are 
defenceless against its power. 

The author is editor of the Salis- 
bury Review. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington ? 


The Jury Murders 
(part 2). 

(Story so far. Jack Lemass is on 
trial for the murder of aboard qf 
directors by engineering the crash 
of an executive Jet. The jury is split; 
East Ender Wally May hew thinks 
he is innocent, white Professor 
Basil Friday thinks not and the 
foreman has no idea. After a night 
in a hotel, things become slightly 
clearer when Friday is found 

“This is the most extraordinary 
state of affairs,” the judge told 
what remained of the jury. “Yon 
are here to pass verdict on a 
murder. Now, you yourselves are . 
involved in a murder case, as one 
of you has been killed. It may even 
be that one of you is the murderer. 
Well, that is a marter for the police 
— my only concern is thai you give 
me a verdict before another one of 
you is bumped off” 

The judge spoke in aslightly off- 
hand manner, as . well he might, 
poor thing. The fact of the matter 
was that he resorted once a week 
to a -house of ill repute in 
otherwise respectable Bromley, 
and be bad just learnt that foe 
house had been raided. He hoped 
very much that he would not be 
implicated, but could not be sure 
that the police would have enough 
sense to leave him out of iL No 
wonder he fth worried. 

Back in the jury room, the 
foreman solemnly addressed his 
How ten members. “The judge 
has permitted us to reach a verdict 
with only eleven members. Now, - 
as you remember, foe I ate Basil 
Friday was firmly convinced that 
Jack Lemass is guilty of the 
murders, and 1 venture to suggest 
that it would be a nice tribute to 
b&imsnoiy if we all went along 
with that verdict.” 

? What a load of baloney,” said 
Wally Mayhew. Tm^sorry in a 
way that foe old fool’s deadj but 
foe be« tribute we can pay him Is 
to' ignore his crackpot ideas.” 

*T ;must ray,” said a second 
member, “that foe case againsr 
twngac is ttib obvious to be' 
convindhg.. If he had: realty - 
wanted to murder .all his col- 
leagues, - would. he really have 
sabotaged tire planer arid .then 
backed out -of the flight . ten 
minutes beforehand? It points foe 
fitiaer toodeariy at him. If s such • 
arefainsy murder.” . 

i ^Well,‘ maybeho-ww a dumsy 

murderer” said a third. “Murder- 
ers are only clever in books.” 

' Reader, have you ever been on 
jury service? Do you remember 
the endless arguments that went 
1 round and round and got no- 
where? Wouldn't it be a good idea 
if we skipped all that and got to the 
bit where Wally Mayhew suddenly 
snapped his fingers and sauLTve 
just realized! I know where I’ve 
seen him before! Blimey, there’s a 
turn-up for the book ...” 

“What are you talking about?” 

- “The judge- 1 run a small place 
in Bromley, sort of a . . . leisure 
centre, really. The judgegoes there 
once a week. Could be usefuL” 

At that very moment the door 
opened and the police came in, 
five of them. The jury room was 
bugged, of course, and they felt 
they had to cut off Wally’s 
impending revelation. 

*A1] right,” said their leader, 
“I'm afraid we must arrest you all 
for foe suspected murder of 
Professor Basil Friday.” 

“You’ll do no such thing,” said 
the foreman angrily. “A British 
jury cannot be interfered with by 
anyone, not even the police, until 
it has reached a verdict.” 

“All right, then, well com- 
promise:. We’ll arrest Wally 
Mayhew for the murder.” 

' All eyes turned to WaDy 
Mayhew. Mayhew’s eyes were 
dosed. On examination he was 
found to be dead. The jury 
murderer had struck again! Even 
foe police were shocked by this 
development — after all, it had 
taken place in their presence, and 
they had noticed nothing. 

jury, I must insist on a firing the 
judge for a ruling,” said the 
fo rem a n , and nobody demurred. 
Wien, however, they re-entered 
foe court, it was to be met with the 
sensational news that foe. judge 
would never sit in judgement 
^gait^he had just been found dead 
in his room, swin g in g from a 
beam . .. 

(We have just received the alarm- 
ing- news that the ' best-selling 
author. of The Jury Murders has 
bfen found dead at his home in . 
ytoset He was. apparently, 
lynched, by. a crowd of angry 
readers, incensed by the increas- 
ingly improbable plot and prolif 
endip n Of senseless murders. As a 
ntark af respect to him, this serial 
Estopped at this point:) 

V s . 



\ i \ ‘'.•y 

* * cv ^ 

{ J 


-• "lA 



.. ■ ^ 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


* When European Community 
foreign ministers agreed their, 
almost-united stance against 
Syria yesterday, they were 
doing no more than had been 
expected of them at their first 
• meeting nearly two weeks ago. 
; - Their diiatoriness, however, is 
'no reason for not applauding 
itbe strength of their statement 
: * Its absolute rejection of 
terrorism and its sponsors 
provides the sort of support 
' the British Government has 
.long requested for its own 
uncompromising attitude. The 

J pledge to refrain from new 
arms sales to Syria is a step in 
the right direction, as is the 
commitment of European gov- 
ernments to closer observation 
of Syria's diplomatic activ- 

The failure of Greece to 
append its signature is regret- 
table, but was predicted and 
indeed predictable. It should 
be regarded not so much a loss 
for the Community as for 
Greece itself, which cannot be 
considered a full member of 
the European Community un- 
- £til it has joined a cause which 
is so clearly in the interests of 
all Europe. 

In common with most 
committee documents, the 
EEC condemnation of Syria 
has its limitations. As a state- 
ment of principle and inten- 
tion, it is welcome. As a 
defined programme of action, 
it is less so. All manner of 
loopholes remain through 
which France’s deals to free 
her hostages in Lebanon, arms 
sales covered by existing con- 
tracts,, and dubious but un- 

obtrusive diplomatic conduct 
will continue to pass un- 

The statements themselves 
inevitably have a plati- 
tudinous ring. Refusal to make 
them would, however, have 
indicated such an infirmity of 
purpose as positively to invite 
terrorist assaults. The value of 
such statements is always 
likely to be more moral than 
practical In this respect the 
EEC's reiteration of its moral 
priorities has come not a 
moment too soon. 

Recent, though as yet un- 
confirmed, reports about be- 
hind-the-scenes dealing 
between France and Syria and 
between the United States and 
Iran have called into question 
the determination of both 
countries to stand up to terror- 
ists and their sponsors. France, 
all too ready to call an emer- 
gency meeting of European 
ministers when Paris was sub- 
jected to random bomb at- 
tacks, was less than 
enthusiastic about endorsing 
Britain’s condemnation of 
Syria even after Syrian 
involvement in the Hindawi 
case had been so dearly shown 
in a London court. 

The revelations about 
clandestine US overtures to 
Iran, a country - or more 
particularly, a regime - with 
which it had pledged to have 
no dealings because of its 
involvement in terrorism, 
similarly cast doubt on Ameri- 
can steadfastness. Had nerve 
foiled the country which had 
sought to discourage terrorism 
by bombing Libya? 


The crisis over the taking of 
£ Western hostages in Lebanon 
is nothing to that surrounding 
their release. As governments 
jostle to influence Iran they are 
finding, not for the first time, 
that the reverse is now more 
likely to be true. It is the 
government of the Ayatollah 
Khomeini which is once more 
calling the shots, with Saudi 
Arabia's best known Minister 
apparently one of the casual- 
ties and even Washington's 
Secretary of Stole looking .like 
a dangerously near miss. It is a 
very tangled web that they 
have woven. 

That the Iranian war effort 
in the Gulf has leaned heavily 
, on covert shipments of arms 
tyhas long been accepted as fecL 
That some of these have 
originated in Israel is no 
surprise, although the size and 
significance ■ of Jerusalem’s 
contribution has long re- 
mained a matter for debate. 
But the mere suggestion! that 
the United States might also 
have been involved raises 
issues of a very different order. 

The latest embarrassing 
revelations in Washington al- 
lege that the Reagan Admin- 
istration (or some of those 
within it) started negotiating 
over the supply of military 
equipment 18 months ago. 
~ Three planeloads financed by 
the United States are said to 
have flown to Iran last year, 
enabling the subsequent re- 
lease of the Rev Benjamin 
Weir. Early last summer, it 
would seem, three more ship- 
loads of arms took a similar 
route via Eilat to secure the 
freedom of the Rev Lawrence 
Jenko in July and Dr David 
Jacobsen last week. 

No-one could begrudge any 
of these men his return to his 

family and friends Nor would 
one wish to jeopardise the 
release of other individuals in 
tiie hands of fanatics in Leba- 
non. But the circumstances in 
which they have been freed are 
highly questionable and, in the 
absence of denials from the 
White House, one must as- 
sume that these reports are not 
unfounded.. The same applies -, 
to the claim that the Saudi 
Arabian oil. minister. Sheikh 
Yamani, lost his job recently 
by opposing his government’s 
plan to help Iran by raising the 
price of crude oil. 

There are, of course, sound 
arguments in favour of 
strengthening Tehran’s con- 
tacts with the West. Thoughts 
in Tehran are already turning 
to the future of a post- 
Khomeini nation. The geo- 
political significance of the 
country cannot be ignored and 
Western governments would 
be failing in their duty if they 
did not assess their policies in 
that light But if, however, the 
United States and Saudi Ara- 
bia (or for that matter anyone 
else) are handing over the 
reward without any guarantee 
of future conduct, then they 
are losing all sight of their 
proper priorities. It is for the 
Iranians to secure the release 
of alt or most of the hostages in 
Lebanon, to offer guarantees 
of peaceful policies in the Gulf 
and to demonstrate more re- 
spect for human rights — and 
then to hope for the help they 
badly need in building the 
future of their country. 

The arguments over supply- 
ing arms to Tehran are not 
only moral ones. There is an 
equally strong political case for 
not helping either side in the 
Gulf War. Iranian enthusiasm 
for its so-called “final 
offensive” has lately cooled — 

Today sees the first meeting of 
Lord Whitelaw’s Cabinet 
committee to consider the 
Government's response to the 
growing anxiety in this coun- 
try about the Acquired Im- 
mune Deficiency Syndrome or 
AIDS. It will include the 
Home Secretary, the Foreign 
Secretary* the Secretaries of 
State for Education, Defence, 
Social Services, Scotland, 
Wales and Northern Ireland, 
and Mr John Biffen. If 
eminence alone were a guar- 
antee of effective action, the 
committee could be safely left 
to get on with it 
There are, however, un- 
settling signs that the commit- 
tee will fell victim to that 
familiar Whitehall paralysis 
which ensures that nothing 
controversial will he 
until it is too 
effective. One sign of that » 
the pronounced emphasis that 
the Government is placing on 
the need to spend more money 
on public health education 
about AIDS. More money can 
certainly be used prudurtrvely 
in informing people aboutthe 
risks and dangers of AIDb- 
But health education cannot 
be made to bear the whole 


burden of the Government's 
programme to combat AIDS. ■ 

Newspapers and television, 
after all, cany a great deal of 
such information. And if the 
buitien of the Government's 
message is to encourage “safe 
sex” (Le. sex with condoms, 
which is safer rather than safe), 
then it may actually encourage 
the sexual promiscuity which 
is a major means of AIDS 
transmission and which the 
fear of AIDS has recently 

seemed to restrain. 

Ministers have over- 
emphasised health education 
spending because they are 
nervous of proposals to halt 
the spread of AIDS directly — 
notably compulsory AIDS 
screening in Britain and com- 
pulsory tests for visitors from 
other countries. Some of their 
reasons for this nervousness 
are commonsenskal enough. 
Compulsory screening would 
be both costly and impossible 
to enforce if significant sec- 
tions of the populace were to 
evade It (as some high-risk 
groups such as militant gays, 
fearing a general social 
discrimination, would un- 
doubtedly seek to do in present 

Other objections, such as the 
diplomatic trouble that would 
be caused by testing foreign 
visitors, are short-term and 
trivial in relation to the threat 
of a major AIDS epidemic. It 
can be confidently forecast 
that, if AIDS ever does reach 
epidemic proportions, public 
opinion will very quickly force 
■Whitehall to abandon these 

To ensure that matters 
never reach that disastrous 
stage, however. Lord 
Whitelaw’s committee should 
launch a major programme of 
voluntary AIDS screening and 
consider ways in which 
participation in it can be 

From voluntary recruitment 
in the First World War to the 
mass screening for tuberculo- 
sis and other chest diseases 
since 1945, British govern- 
ments have considerable 
experience of mobilising popu- 
lar consent and participation. 
A campaign of voluntary 
screening may not be enough 
to tackle AIDS, but anything 
less will certainly be inad- 

Financial damage to science 

In each case, the impression 
was created that national eco- 
nomic and diplomatic in- 
terests had been placed above 
concerted international action 
a gains t terrorism — the only 
sort of action which stands any 
chance of success. So long as 
die European Community was 
unable even to articulate joint 
opposition to terrori s m, there 
was a risk that the British 
Government would not only 
lose out economically and 
diplomatically to its partners 
and allies, but suffer isolation 
for its stand against terrorism 
as well. 

In that event legitimate 
questions could have been 
raised about the wisdom of 
occupying the high moral 
ground. Might there not come 
a time; it could have been 
asked, when our own national 
interests would require a 
modification of our position; 
when the principle of having 
no truck with terrorism would 
have lobe sacrificed so as not 
to jeopardize Britain’s in- 
fluence or trading position 
abroad; when only the careless 
terrorist caught red-handed 
need be exhibited and the 
others quietly expelled or ex- 
changed for hostages? 

Fortunately, that time has 
not arrived and, if civilised 
nations maintain some sort of 
united front, never will arrive. 
The benefits of opposing ter- 
rorism still outweigh the risks 
which attach to that opposi- 
tion. Yesterday’s EEC state- 
ment could not have been 
more opportune. 

to nobody’s great surprise. 
There have been “final 
offensives” before which at 
best have fizzled out in no- 
man’s land. Iran has plenty of 
fanatical manpower, (or rather 
boy-power), but has for some 
years lacked the arms and 
professional expertise to 
mount a sustained invasion of 

Might they break through 
the Iraqi lines for long enough 
to shatter Arab morale and 
even overthrow -Saddam 
Husain? That would achieve 
what is probably Khomeini’s 
most important single objec- 
tive and might just bring peace 
— of a kind. Saddam remains a 
strong man and there is no 
convincing evidence that he 
might fell. But the theory is 
there and one roust question 
whether any power should risk 
tempting Khomeini to test it. 
An outcome with the Iranians 
in charge of Mesopotamia 
should not be lightly risked. 

There are increasing signs 
that the Gulf War will end not 
with a bang but a whimper, 
both armies settling for a no- 
score draw. There might be no 
peace but equally there would 
be no war to speak of -just the 
sporadic cross-border 
sknmishing which might con- 
tinue until some development 
offstage, like the death of 
Khomeini, allowed peace 
negotiations to begin. That 
may be a slow unsatisfactory 
business, but it would be 
greatly preferable to the vic- 
tory of one side over the other 
— particularly if the one side 
happened to be revolutionary 
Iran. To supply Tehran with 
arms while the situation re- 
mains in this uncertain light 
would seem, to use President 
Reagan’s own word, to be 
.“flakey." ■ 

FromDrJ.H. Mulvey and Dr HA. 

Sir, The Science and Engineering 
Research Council (SERQ is 
£20million short because of the 
drop in sterling exchange rates and 
consequent increase in sterling 
value of the contributions which 
must — by treaty — be paid to 
international research organ- 

This unforeseeable loss to an 

disastrous efib^^witffever more 
grant applications for outstanding 
research is ah fields of science 
being refused and scientists facing 
termination of their research in 
mid-flow. Understandably, the cry 
goes up once again, ‘Withdraw 
from CERN”, the international 
research centre for high-energy 
physics near Geneva, which is the 
recipient of the biggest of the 
international subscriptions. 

But this would be a stupidity: 
CERN is outstandingly successful 
in its research; and to withdraw 
only for reasons of short-term 
financial difficulty would sabotage 
the desperate efforts the SERC is 
making to gel Continental help in 
the financing of facilities like the 
Rutherford and Appleton Lab- 
oratory's spallation neutron 
source and destroy our credibility 
as reliable partners in future 
collaborative projects like the 
European synchrotron radiation 

The formula determining our 
contribution to CERN takes ex- 
change-rate changes into account 
retrospectively and will in time 
bring an automatic reduction in 
our contribution. All the other 
member States have, long ago, 
taken steps to protect lbeir domes- 
tic science from the effects of 
Sharp swings in the exchange rates. 
They see us, not for the first time, 
suffering self-inflicted damage to 
our whole research programme 
and seeking to export the problem 
to the international organisations 
they strongly support 

Why must the Treasury be 
permitted to set conditions which 
make it impossible for the SERC 
to carry through its research plans 
without waste, confusion and the 
destruction of the hopes of sci- 
entists? If they fail to get a full 
correction for the immediate ef- 
fects of exchange-rate changes, are 
the members of the SERC pre- 
pared to resign rather than com- 

Local blemishes 

From Mr Vernon Bogdanor 
Sir, In her perceptive article 
(November 3X Anne Sofer asks. 
“Who will defend the town hail?” 
and comes to the conclusion, 
“hardly anyone”. She finds a 
“creeping rottenness at the core of 
local government” but surely puts 
too much weight upon faoors 
such as political patronage and 
intimidation, important as these 

The trouble is that the British 
debate on local government has 
for too long been confined to 
well worn questions of structure 
and function, so that the real issue 
— whether local authorities as at 
present constituted are equipped 
zo bea focus for local participation 
and accountability — have been 

It is time that questions such as 

SDP philosophy 

From Dr Stephen MenneU 
Sir, As one of the original 100 
signatories of the Lunehouse 
Declaration I agree substantially 
with Danny Finkelstein's account 
(feature, November 5). of how the 
“philosophy” of the SDP has 
evolved since then. But 2 would 
call the result an incoherent mish- 
mash: certainly to describe it as a 
move to the right is too simple, 
but also too dignified 

Since the term “social dem- 
ocratic” has (or had until 1981) an 
established meaning, linked 
historically in most of Europe to 
“democratic socialist", perhaps 
the SDP should now change its 
name, lest it be chaiged with 
sailing under false colours. 

Or perhaps not. In terms of 
historic meaning we now have a 
Conservative Party which is not 
conservative, a Liberal Party 
which is not liberal, and an SDP 
which is not social democratic. 
Only the Labour Party remains 
true to its name, and that is one of 
to gravest weaknesses. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Wheatsbeaf Way, 

AJphingion, Exeter, Devon. 

The right to boy 

From Mr Albert T. Smith 
Sir. Now that the House of Lords 
have voted twice to exempt 
council homes specially adapted 
for old (and disabled) people from 
the right-to-buy provisions en- 
shrined in clauses of the appro- 
priate housing Act, Mr John 
Patten, Minister of State for 
Housing. Urban Affairs and 
Construction, is reported (Nov- 
ember 6) as assuring the House of 
Commons that the Government 
would nevertheless not stand by 
and watch elderly tenants cheated 
of their right to buy through the 
bureaucratic arrogance of unco- 
operative local councils. 

As an afflicted tenant of such a 
local council, may I ask why wore 
the discriminatory clauses in the 
right-to-buy legislation agreed to 
in the first place? Why, for all the 
reported talk of helping fee dis- 
abled and elderly, were discrimi- 
natory measures invoked, leaving 
them wife unequal rights from 
other tenants, yet paying the same 
amount of rent, deemed fair at fee 

Trusting feat fee new and fair 
legislation, correcting this anom- 

mit scientific mayhem? 

Yours faithfully, 



University of Oxford, 

Department of Nudear Physics, 
KcbteRoad, Oxford. 

From Professor Alan H, Cowley 
Sir, As a scientist who left Britain 
for an American university some 
twenty years ago, may I, through 
your columns, express my dismay 
at fee inadequate level of support 
being given to baric research in 
chemistry at universities in the 
United Kingdom at fee present 

. 1 have recently spent three 
weeks in the United Kingdom as a 
Royal Society of Chemistry Cen- 
tenary Lecturer. I was feus able to 
visit several universities and it 
was abundantly evident that my 
British colleagues are having fee 
greatest difficulty in working at 
the frontiers of the subject. This 
was true even for those chemistry 
departments rated highly in the 
recent University 'Grants 
Committee's grading exercise. 

Moreover, l was amazed to find 
that one deportment “starred” for 
its excellence has one quarter of its 
faculty positions in inorganic 
chemistry vacant and unfilled for 
lack of funds, yet this is a sector of 
the subject in which the United 
Kingdom was once predominant. 

The Science and Engineering 
Research Council is unable to 
support a high proportion of 
alpha-quality research in chem- 
istry, and “state-of-the-art” re- 
search equipment is lacking in 
departments until recently re- 
garded as world leaders. To an 
expatriate it seems a recipe for 
economic disaster for such a small 
proportion (less than 5 per cent) of 
the SERC budget to be spent on 
grams for fundamental research in 
chemistry at the universities. 
These institutions train people 
who can sustain fee success of fee 
chemical industry and its massive 
contribution to fee United King- 
dom trade balance. 

While in one sense it would be a 
pleasure to welcome more British 
chemists to the United States, as a 
consequence of present science 
policy towards basic research, 1 
cannot view this situation as bang 
in fee best interests of the United 

Yours sincerely. 


The University of Texas at Austin, 
Austin, Texas 7871 2-1 167, USA. 

fee method of election of local 
councillors, fee role of direct 
participation at local level, and fee 
internal organisation of local 
authorities were brought into fee 
discussion. For, without consid- 
eration of these wider const- 
itutional issues, it is doubtful 
whether we will be able to fashion 
a system of local government able 
to confront fee complex social 
problems of fee modem world. 

The parlous state of local gov- 
ernment in Britain today, and fee 
understandable eagerness of min- 
isters to by-pass local authorities 
in areas such as educational policy 
show just how much we lave lost 
by our unwillingness, as a nation, 
to take constitutional issues seri- 

Yours faithfully, 

Brasenose College, Oxford. 

aly as promised, will also give the 
elderly and disabled the right to 
buy at April, 1981, valuations, as 
well as reimbursement for any 
outstanding legal charges pres- 
ently having to be met through 
obvious rash decisions of the 
powers that be who are now 
seeking to correct their ways, 
Yours sincerely, 

ALBERT T. SMITH (Chairman, 
Hallam branch. Muscular Dys- 
trophy Group), 

251 Totiey Brook Road, 

Sheffield, South Yorkshire. 
November 6. 

BBC under fire 

From Mr Alan Robertson 
Sir, It is a matter of great regret 
that fee issue of fee television 
reporting of the Libyan affair 
immediately became a point- 
scoring exercise for all political 
parties. It is manifestly true that 
the hallmark of a democracy is the 
freedom of the media to report to 
fee populace, unfettered by politi- 
cal interference, and feat any 
threat to that freedom should be 
immediately and energetically re- 

The underlying and probably 
more important problem, which is 
much less easy to evaluate, is the 
level of objectivity employed in 
the pursuit of truth, and methods 
used to achieve it 

Some weeks ago (August 27) 
Celia Brayfield reported in The 
Times on fee proceedings of the 
Edinburgh International Tele- 
vision Festival. This was a forth- 
right and perceptive article, which 
raised a number of fundamental 
points of great importance which, 
to fee best of my recollection, has 
drawn no response. 

Ms Brayfield referred to the 
“pervasive smugness" of fee festi- 
val and concluded that “Tele- 
vision is an enclosed order, a 
narcissistic, obsessive profession 
which avoids contact wife the rest 
of society.” 

Enthusiasm, coupled with a 
conviction of the absolute right- 
ness of one’s own viewpoint, can 
create an atmosphere in which 
truth is likdy to be fee first victim 
and, though n may be deemed feat 
Ms Brayfield’s is a harsh judge- 
ment, it and other points m her 
article urgently require further 

Yours faithfully, 

Woodlands, Tennyson’s Lane, 
Hastemere, Surrey, 

Finding a road 
to recovery 

From Mrs C. A. Atkinson 
Sir, Now that tile final section of 
fee M2S has been opened we have 
an orbital motorway insufficient 
to cope wife ah fee extra traffic it 
attracts — traffic which, in many 
•cases, is coming from London to 
use the motorway for one junction 
and then turn inwards again. 

Starved of decent internal road 
links south London is an area of 
endless housing and little in- 
dustry. That industry is being 
constantly drawn to new sites on 
fee perimeter of the green belt 
with demands for attendant hous- 

Thus fee inner city is deprived 
of employment, which is, instead, 
offered to areas is fee South-easi 
which, with respect, have less need 
of new jobs. Demand for housing 
sites leaves landowners as the 
main beneficiaries. 

Bletchingley teeters on fee edge 
of fee green belt in beautiful 
countryside and fee M25 has at 
least removed much heavy traffic 
from the village centre. However, 
we who use the motorway know 
there are few times in fee day 
when fee journey is not going to 
involve a traffic jam — either east 
or west. 

In order to preserve our green 
belt and, at fee same time, 
regenerate inner London surely 
there should be a further orbital 
road to encourage business back 
into the city. Even if a new road is 
impossible, improvements to 
existing roads to form a further 
inner orbital fink could be made. 

City of London finance might 
be more readily forthcoming, as 
sites for light industry in inner 
London became more attractive. 

I remain, yoms faithfully, 


Stables Cottage, 

Little Common Lane. 
Bletchingley, Surrey. 

November 8 

Cntting response 

From Mr Christopher Davie 
Sir. British Raff’s reason for razing 
a stand of beautiful mature trees, 
next to the Stoke (TAbernon 
recreation ground, as repented in 
The Tunes (November 6X is feat 
leaves on the adjoining tine cause 
wheel spin and overheating. BR 
say they need to cut back to within 
30 to 40 feet of fee line. 

Some of the trees felled were at 
least 70 feet away. This was 
plainly and literally overkill by 
BR, when removal of a few trees 
close to the line and removal of 
selected branches of others would 
certainly have sufficed. 

BR made no attempt to consult 
those who arguably are most 
affected — the Stoke d'Abemon 
Cricket Club, whose members 
have played on this ground, 
beautifully bordered by these 
trees, for more than 1 10 years. 

Unless BR is to strike a much 
better balance between what it 
calls fee interests of its customers 
and the interests of fee environ- 
ment than it has shown os this 
occasion, there is real cause for 
concern for aU trees on BR 
property. This was a case of 
indiscriminate destruction, with- 
out any concern for those who 
enjoy the neighbouring land. 
Yours faithfully. 


21 Woodend Park, 

Stoke Road, 

Cobham, Surrey. 

November 7. 

Racing handicaps 

From Mr J. L. Hislop 
Sir. Among the many letters and 
articles on the defeat of Dancing 
Brave in the Breeders' Cup at 
Santa Anita, one important and 
disturbing aspect has been over- 
looked almost completely. 

This is feat in the state of 
California certain medications, 
notably Lasix end Butazofidin, are 
permitted, though these sub- 
stances are banned by all the chief 
racing authorities in Europe, 
where they are classed as dope. 

This was condemned in a 
leading article iu The Blood Horse, 
fee most respected magazine on 
racing and breeding in the USA, 
on fee grounds that Lasix is a 
stimulant as wen as preventative 
for breaking blood vessels, white 
Butazofidin alleviates pain and 
Hisgmsas unSOUDChteSS. 

Thos a false result can be 
obtained and such races are 
valueless as a true test, quite apart 
form the effects of travel, climate, 
the time of year and racing on 
courses which, by European stan- 
dards. are glorified dog tracks. 
Yours faithfully, 


Regal Lodge, 


nr Newmarket, Suffolk. 

November 6. 

Outlook uncertain 

From Miss Susan J. At Hill 
Sir, Glancing through my two 
French phrasebooks recently, I 
noticed that neither has a section 
relating to “Weather”. In fact, 
there seems to be a strange 
reluctance altogether to mention 
the phenomenon - one book 
contains a mere three references to 
the subject, fee other camtot 
muster any. 

Does this not seem odd, in 
publications aimed at the British 
public? Or is it a deliberate ploy to 
ensure that those of us who are less 
than linguistically expert are, 
when abroad, deprived of our 
favourite pastime? 

Yours faithfully, 


18 Grendon Close, 

Tile Hill Village, 

Coventry, West Midlands. 
November 3. 



In this iibd case the north i 

complained of had been written by ! 
“Our Musir Crihc". a tide which j 
covered not only H. C- CoBes. but 
alto his assistant, Frank Haves, 
toho wrote them 



Before Mr. fustic* Swjfi and a 
Special Jury 

The jury stopped this fibd action 
which was brought by Captain 
Cuthbeit Reevdy. a prafesaumah 
vocalist end actor, of Bi c k a nhn ft 
Mansions. W-, against The Tnnen 
Publishing Company Limited, in 
respect of wards contai n ed in an 
article is The Times of February 
1L 1936. The action, it was stated, 
bad aim been brought against Mr. 
Henry Cope Cotes, b ec a u se the 
plaintiff bad thought at first that 
Mr. Cotea was fee writer of the 
article. . . 

The article was beaded “‘Elijah’ 
as a Pageant". . . The plaintiff 
co mplained of the fallowing wards: 

For restaure, the conflict between 
Elijah and Ahab. which is ftttaa a drab 
between good and writ in the wmttwitf 
the oratorio. tt atufrifi ed by the piqaat 
appearance of a King who cm oofor 
ttmiW- gesture* of impotent ann- 
oyance. . . both Miss. . . and Mr Oath' 
bert Reavriy wera unsteady is their 

The plaintiff, who took the port 
of King Ahab, said feat by those 
words the defendants meant that 
he was a man whose physical 
appearance rendered him whoffy 
nrnmituhlw to take the part, whose 
lack of ability as an actor was such 
that he could only make impotent 
gestures, whose declamation mas 
unsteady , and who was whtfly 
unfit to be engaged to take such or 
any similar part- . . 

The defence did not admit that 
the performance was produced as 
an oratorio; it was. in feet produced 
as a pageant or spectacular perfor- 
mance, with scenery, costu me s, 
and acting, and not as an oratorio. 

Mr. F. H. Lawton appeared for 
the plaintiff: Sir WHfiain Jowitt, 
K.C., Mr. Valentine Holmes and 
Mr. John Sen ter for fee def- 


Mr. Lawton, in opening the caste, 
said that in February last there h&d 
been produced at the Albert Hull 
Mendeteaohn'B oratorio Elijah, in 
which Captain Reavely had a small 
part — that of King Ahab. The 
plaintiff did not come before thorn 
as a man who would have done 
Caruso out of a job if he had been in 
that singer's time. The only line he 
had to sing was: “Art thou Elijah? 
Art thou he that troubleth Israel?” 

On February 11 The Times 
published the article in question, 
which begam 

To butcher a masterpiece to mate a 
spectacle is a proceeding that coo. be 
justified ou no artistic principle .. . 

Then followed fee words of 
which fee plaintiff complained. . . 

Captain Reavely, giving evi- 
dence, said that from a spectacular 
point of view the part of Ahab was 
a large one, but from the singing 
point of view it was sxnalL His 
clothes were so magnificent that 
anyone would look wonderful with 
them. He generally played parts of 
a virile and dramatic character ... 


In answer to further questions 
Captain Reavely agreed that k a 
spectacular representation Ahab 
was bound to be a central figure. 
He was wearing a magnificent 
head-dress. He (fee witness) knew 
the expression “All dressed up end 
nowhere to go," Ahab was. all 

The plaintiff said that he was on 
fee stage nearly an hour after 
singing the line, “Art thou EKjah? 
Art thou he that troubleth Israel?" 
and he had to act during fee ofeole 
of feat time. 

Sir William Jowitt- There was 
severe comment fay EKjah on Ahab, 
and aS Ahab could do was to Bsten 

in silence to what Elijah had to 
say? — All the more reason for 
dramatic art 

If they were going to be realistic 
it would be natural for Ahab to say 
something when Elijah told him 
off? - I don't think I can agree 
wife that Elijah was ejected, and 
tfritt saved fire R"«g from kwmring 
his royal dignity. 

Captain Reavely said that he was 
not aware of the d tetin c tirai be- 
tween “physique" and “physical 
appearance". He agreed feat Ahab 
could only make gu estm es of 
annoyance, but he did not think 
that they were impotent. He coold 
influence Queen Jezebel and the 

article in The Tunes would consid- 
er him wholly inadequate both 
physically end histrionically. 

His Lordship. - Do you happen 
to know whether any of the angela 
(refereed to in the article) have 
brought a Ebd action? — Nat so fax 
as I know, my Lord (Laughter.) 

At fee dose of the case for the 
plaintiff Sir William Jowitt asked 
his Lordship to say that there was 
no case to go to the jury. 

His Lordship. — I confess I 
cannot see anything. (To the jury:) 
-Can you? 

The jury intimated feat they did 
not want to hear any more, and 
they returned a verdict for the 

Judgement was entered accord* 
in^y, with costs. 

Measure for measure 

From Mr Leslie Millgate 
Sir, Id describing the slack way fee 
British have adopted metrication I 
feel sure Mrs Eileen Cote (Novem- 
ber 6) really meant to say 0.5- 

Yours faithfully, 


47 Cambridge Road, 

Great Shelford, Cambridge. 


ex. ex- 1 
nd rose 
jwfe in 
/as an 
l Turn- 
er fee 
from 7 
at and 
igies is 
d mil- 

!0 mil- ' 
ked !o 
it not 
Js are 

- - i — --T- - .itt i fft wni 

.._1. - -- 








. < m * M /^r 

November 10: The Princess 
.Anne, Mrs Mark* 
morning v in led Darnel 
Ttiwaites pic Star Brewery, 
Bkackbura, to mark the compie- 
liQia of the modeituzauon or the 

Princess of Wales left Royal Air 
Force Brae Noj» *»«««: 
ins in a Royal Air roroe vtiu 
Sirraft to visit Oma* Qatar, 
Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. 

Their Royal Highnpsea .were 
received upon arrival ax Royu 1 
/Sr Force Brize Norton by Her 

Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Oxfordshire (Sir Ashley 
Ponsonby Bt) and the Stiitfon 
Commander (Group Captain 
Peter Beer). 

'uovina been received by Her PC m^ ss Anne Bedcwjth-Smilh, 
MadStys Lord-Lieutenant for Sir John Riddell Bt, Mr^JJ 
Lamcasbire (Mr S.mon — D®«tv Assistant 
'Towndey). Her 
loured Ibe Brewery, e^orad by 

lourea me h \ 

ih« Chairman (Mr J Yerburgb) 
and afterwards was entertained 
'at luncheon. ...j. 

C ' The Princess Anne, Mrs Mart 

- Phillips, this aftfnopnjnaled 
this offices of the Uncaslnre 
Evening Telegraph in Blackburn 

- and was received by iheManag' 
..V.uic Director. North Westera 

■ Newspaper Co Ltd (Mr J T 

■Her Royal Highness sub- 


-Borough Council's new Leisure 
Pool, the Waves Water Fun 
Ceintrc, and was received _by. the 

- Cfemtre, and was rereiwo oy ^ 

- Mayor of Blackburn (Councillor 
. M Madigan) and the Du«“f of 

rnnimanitv and Leisure Ser- 

: Community and Leisure 
vices (Mr E Runswick). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by the Hon 
Mrs Legge-Bourke and Mrs 
Charles Ritchie, travelling, m an 
aircraft of The Queen s Flight 

■ November 1 0: The Prince and 

Chapman. Deputy Assistant 
CommSoner John Gackneft, 
Surgeon Commander Ian Jen- 

iinT RN. Ueutenam-O 5 ®: 

mander Ridiard Ay 1^ RNaijd 

the Hon Rupert Fair&x are ul 


November 8: The Duke and 
Duchess of Kent were 
this evening ax the Roy^Bnmh 
Legion Festival of Remem- 
brance at the Roy^AlbCTlHaU. 

November * The Duke of 
Kent laid a wreath at the 
Cenotaph this morning on line 
occasion of Remembrance Day. 

The Duchess of Kent was 
present during the ceremony. 


: Jnrac^thecha^nofd^ 


n i 

5 V 


Patron of the Society 
lev 200 Expedition, uns after- 
noon attended a bnefa« 
meeting at Kensington Go"?. 
London SW7. . 

Sir Richard Buckley was to 
attendance. • 

Sir Gordon Richards, pa- 


Just as Fred Atcner. w 

outstanding in the second han 

of the nineteenth century, so 
Gordon Richards vras a su- 
uramely dominant, though dir 

|.S«,, figure, on 

tacecourscs for more than 25 
vears, until his retirement in 
1954. Physically the two men 
had little m common, sna 
Archer was unusuaDy tan fisr- 
one of his profession, rad 
always dieting to. keep. te 
weight down, wberrasRi^ 

arts had nowdiproW^Ytt 

Dr John Tanner, doctor of 1 WrinS?l£5-; 

. they are strictly and uniquely 
~ as masters of 



jhui. the flatisto dearly 
fcvour Richards, though m 
fairness it should be said that 
in Archer’s day there were 

Ss 33 ss=i 


“Sok *nd Sir M.ctoJ 

Sobefl. But it is, ofcourse, asa 




winners in OK seaon. T« 

Miniatures fetch £ 568,755 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

■ e mimu i gurinine. scuiotiirai 

rairaas u. t ~~~~ winners m v“- av TO, fl j* 

in Archer’s day diae were 1^ he passed Ardors 

fewer race meetings and fewer of 2,749 winners, and in 

horses in training. \oa~i iu> wtnb another recora. 

Many have tried in vam to 

S kx« OT itt 

neck. Yet the vice-like gnP of 

EJ knees, and 
pressure he could exert, 
vested his moon* from 

In other 


e* - 

Lo rd Mayor’s 

• The Lord Mayor. Sir David 
Rowe-Ham, accompanied by 
Lady Rowe-Ham. the Sheriffs 
and their ladies, entertained the 
outgoing Lord Mayor. Sir Allan 
Davis, and Lady Davis, al * 

* banquet in Guildhall last night- 

The Lord Mayor, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, the Lord 
Chancellor, the Prime Minister 
and Sir Allan Davis were the 
speakers Others preseni 

Birthdays today 

Lord Carr or Hadley. 70: Rear- 
Admiral Sir Nigel Cecil, 61: 
Lord Dainton, 72; Sir Arthur 
Davies, 73; Mr Ron Green- 
wood, 65; Air Marshal Sir 
Donald Hall. 56; Sir Marun 
J a co mb. 57: Mr Roy Jenkins. 
MP. 66: Sir Harold Kent. QC- 
83: Mr Rodney Marsh, Vr. 
Professor G A G. Mitchell, 80; 
Sir Walter Oakesboft. 83; Dr 
lndra prasad Patel 62; Sir Peter 
ShepheartL 73: CSeneral Sir Wal- 
ler Waikcr 7 4, Lord Wolfson. 

Sir Charles Clare, the finan 
cicr whose name is associated 
with the takeover bid. decided 
to move into portrait min iatures 
in 1956, and bought half the 
superb David-WeiU collecuon. 
Sothebys offered 204 of them 
yesterda y from his estate, and 
secured £568,755 with 3 percent 
left unsold. The other half of ibe 
David-Weill collection was be- 
queathed to the Louvre. 

Yesterday’s miniatures were 
mostly French and the bidders 
were paying a premium for big 
names, whether sitters or artists 
- but preferably both. The 
prices on run -ol-the- null min- 
iatures were something of a 
d isappointment. 

Marguerite Nicole _ 
painted three-quarter 


Mrs G Rudigier, a Muindi 
dealer. She also paid £20,900 
(estimate £5,000^7.000) for a 
particularly pretty roundel of an 
unknown girl by Salbreux of 
around 1 

Her main competitor on the 
best miniatures was EBuche^a 
Swiss dealer, who paid £20,900 
(estimate £8.000^12,000) for a 
big miniature from St Peters- 

burg ofthe Ru^ian ^vy^coM- 

rv—,,. -rnalchcr. Mm Run». Up 

iiyi «_i4Qf| comniisttoncr #ar GyD r us 


Sr •JuurXZ ** 

JS fUflip Dir Hiqft Gomniiwiowf 

E^ k ^jk^s"ws 

OunlMUn“'iM ' SalHW 

Mnt Lfoftdrd. Lord dwl Usly 

i LffltiaS! Lady ManhAll o* 

- tss-sp“ 

“ rt 


Lion 7h» Lore Ch'wf 1 

uw , Ul, Master Wjiw nail%. 

al Uie diancerv 


■ Ri«-v 

jusint* ^i*d Lw«'» 

naiKtter md Ml Tef*-n 

Maharaja Ball . 

The Maharaja Ban. »« “J9J 
Help the Aged, wdl take pla«® 1 
ihe Hurhngham Oub. London. 
SW6. on Thursday, November 
20. 1986. Entertainers who are 

charity 4 silver jubilee^nclude 

the Great Indian Dancers. 
Manesh tTiandra. Allan Bailey 
and the New Collection. £e 
Caledon tan Highlanders. Ian 
Mac Lean s Society Jazz Band 
and Bojolly's discotheque. An 
Indian dinner ^ been arranged 
by the Bombay Palace Group. 
Tickets, at £35 or after-dinner 
tickets at «5,. are ■*»«* 
from. The Mahajani Ball Office. 
Flat 8. M Emperors Gate. 
London. 5W7 4JA Telephone. 
CM .VJ 1125. 

MIH * 

M trill 

Car4in IW cni« n * 

S?V&S«v«r Mr a™ L-ptt *2 

Of London. 

.r*dl service for Mr M. 
*:jm will be held at 
I'urch. Chelsea, at 
. . ‘ jday. 

sell or Prince Kurakin 
court painter, Augustin RitL 

A beautiful actress, Jeanne 

In Geneva on Sunday. Chris- 
ties offered an unnamed collec- 
tion of Pate-de-Verre, the 

|,UUT«UI p-IIVH, - - — 

of new auction price records. 

A frosted vase decorated m 
relief with the Garden of the 
Hesperidcs moulded by Aigy- 
Rousseau made the top pnee at 
£60,000 Swiss francs (estimate 
18,000-22,000 francs), or 
£24,693 to a Swiss collector, an 
auction record for his wotk. - 

Ad amber glass roundel 
moulded with a lizard among 
lily pads by Berge for A. Water 
«1<A made a record for the 
factory at' 29,700 francs (es- 
timate 13,000-17,000 francs) or 
£12,122 to a Swiss private 
collector. The collection totalled 
£296,685 with 22 per cent left 

analyse the s®*-*®'. 
Richards’s success, but all ne 
agreed on two points: that M 
had a style so unorthodox and 
individual that none could 
profitably follow him, and 
that he managed to namrat 
to every horse he rode, da®c 
colt or filly or sefong-piaK*, 
his own determination that 

years later uc ^ . — j . m outer — — r 

Si of 2.749 wmnas, and m ^ ennrely sound, and 

1947 be setup anotherrerorcl o® feia r»e codd 

vritich may neya- be breton, cntic®^- He_ 

by riding the winners of 269 ™ £ take a chance of “Mg 

5»™ ^ flt S^throughontteimkrfte 

In the great days at there was the poffiit^ 

Beckhampton, when he rwle . IjgJ he niight bead offi 
SSmDfHS Sd he nevCT hesitated to 
were classic vicion^ in a laigto of fra by 

for King George VI, on Big — ■* M 

the 2.000 Gjub^j 
and on the grett O*/ Sun 

te o™ determination that — gtaXAooo 0** 

toother they must be firsmast Qaks and St Leger- Tempera- 
thepost ■ * , . mental but brilliant, . Sun 

Cjbrdon Richards was bom mcu ^ 

on May 5 1904 at 

Oakengates, Shropshire - 

■where, -in 195R, te was 
honoured when a pubhc sub- 
scription was launched mid, 
from the proceeds, an ammal 
dime established, which he 

°*Hewas one of twelve chfl- 

STto foT^ide 
Sou^t he would &t a dearer 

run. . . . 

Away from racing bis hob- 
bies were shooting, curling, 
eotf and pigepn-fencymg. He 
vvas not much of a party^oer, 
but excellent company to 
racehorse be ever roue. he knew wdL Uke most 

On July 17, 1 ■JJ 2 ' hejook ^ose talent s get them 

his total to 4,500, a wori d depntment 

record, and when heretired in be was frurty egotistical 

1954, he could look back on 14 ^is stories, though usually 

classic sucresses sdfeentred, were fan to Urten 

4,S70 victories. At the Octoto . ^ be was a very good 

meeting ai Cbepstow m 1933 . speaker. 

he rode aD six winners on the “ - 

Chariot, Richaxtb always 
maintained, was the greatest 
racehorse he ever rode. 

Forthcoming marriages 

S 4 . The engagement b announced blended to go do™ th* pa s^soon's Pinza a. Starteis tradai “ 

,vid Bmee.eWer son beween | Sf„ SjrMta S oSS.^ JL™ ^“^‘ttSTG^don T. 

Mr HJ.r*. rnzaiaii nwaii 
and Miss C J- von Mallinckrodt 
The engagement is announced 

. ■ v a* f am and 

ftgsf^ssfi “ri 

S^°wi? r R»cha rib , s fart ^S^anodtet 

mounts. He began work at the veais before realizing his tionally strai^L from 

■■■■'-vsr? ISfcSs 

bernn Hany, son of Lord and 
■ : hael Fitzalan Howard. 

Lady MicI-»b. . — — - 

and Oaire. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs George von Mallinckrodt. 
Mr C.H. Rons 
and Miss E.C. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, youngest 
son ofthe Hon Peter Rous and 
the late Hizabeih Rous, of 
Mvurwi. Zimbabwe, and 
Christman, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs Stokes Jerome Smith, of 
Spartenbuig. South Carolina. 

M AJ JL Brisset 
and Miss L Maznmdar 
The engagement is announced 
between Alain, only son of M 
and Mme Jean-Jacques Brisset, 
of Dampierre-sous-Avre, Nor- 
mandy. and Indira, daughter of 
Dr and - Mrs - Birendra Nath 
Mazumdar. of Galmpxon,- 

The _ 

between n~»-— — — - r 

of Mr and Mrs B. Diicham, of 

OI ivir anu mi» IB. - — 

Springfield House, Braunsion, 
and Catherine Olive, only 
da 1 

Wintsey, and Jean -Mayoock 
/ * Killara. Australia. 

Roeliampton, London. 

Mr M.T. Gooch 
and Miss AX. Jones 
The engagement is announced 
between MarkTriston,youn^t 
son of Mr and Mrs R-A- Gooch, 
of St Leonards, and Alison 

, I, UUW ■ 

Louise, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs W. Jones, of Great Lever. 

A wrr* ice of chanksgi ring for the 
life and work of Professor Sir 
Stanley Clayton will be beld at 
noon on Friday. November 21. 
in the Chapel at King s College 
Hospital, London, SE5. 

lir A. Pyne 

ir P. Mills 

and Dr • . i>»ua 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew son of Mis O 
Pyne. of Hethersen, Norfolk, 
and Philippa, daughter of the 
late M^jor B.H.S. Mills and Mrs 
W.A. Mills, of Beech, Alton, 

Mr A-C. Draycott 
and Miss J. Male 
The engagement is announmi 
between Charles, only son of Mr 
and Mrs L.N. Draycott, of 
Woodmancoie. Sussex. and Ja- 
net, daurfiier of Mr and Mrs 
P.H. Male, of WirraL Cheshire. 

Mr RHJLSteete 
and Miss C.M. Fraser 
The engagement is announced, 
between Richard, son of ibelaie 
Mr J.O.E. Steele and of Mis 
P.M. Steele, of London, airf 
Caroline, daughter of Dr DAb. 
Fraser and of Mrs Diana M. 
Fraser, of Inverness. 

Killar a. Australia. 


Dr A.M. Harvey 
and Miss VJC. PhObps 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 1, atTne 
Holy Tnnity Church, Stratford- 
upon-Avon, of Dr Mark Harvey 
and Miss Dare Phillips-. 

The bride was ra ven m mar- 
riage by Mr Ken Smedley. Mr 
Tim Harvey, brother of the 

bridegroom, was best man. 

"Mr WJLTfta e ' ^ . n 
and Mra AJE. Boyea Drag 
The marriage took pl»»qiu«g 
on October 27, 1986. m 
PetersfieldL Hamprture, o£.Mr. 
W.H. ( Bill) Hese. of Liss, Hamp- 
shire, and Mrs Antonia Boyes 
Dring. of Cambridge- 
Mr NT. Kirkman 
and Mrs M-M- Ketr . 

The mamage took p la oc a 1 
Finnan St Paul s Chanm,Gree- 

nock, Renfrewshire, on Ocmoer 

25, of Mr Noel Fereday 
Kirkman and Mrs Marion M. 

IIICP ms lauiu — - a 

Who worked in the warehouse 

office saw an advertisement 
for a stable apprentice with 
Martin Hartigan and said to 
Richards, “why don't you 
apply r In fact, as he said 
later, they wrote his letter of 
application. He^got the job. 
fhlTras in 1919. He won his 
first race in 1921. 

Richar ds broke all the 
records that Archer set up in 
his run as champion jockey 
from 1874 to 1886. Between 
1925 and 1953 he was champi- 
on 26 times, and in 1933 he 
beat Archer’s record of 259 

after 27 attempts w wm the 
Blue Riband of racingr 

In that year, 1953, he re- 
ceived his kn^hthood m ite r ^ 'when 

Coronation honours. But soon ed Yes. readv but 

at the hei^t ^fas p° we ^ ^ n0 .™^ y 0 f him that he 
career m the saddle came to a It was smo that 

sudden end. In 1954 he had a vas fjfifSSfSSJ Sat 
crashing fafl at Sandown on_a he won onevery book 

fiffly called Aberseldie, and m -should ££ No 

the same year te took out his many that shouw. ; t 

licence to train. 

• in his new role his success 
' was altogether less marked 
and consistent than., as a 
jockey. Probably his best 

SSertevjj hardtop 
His wife, Margery, died m 
1982, and since then he had 
been very lonely- Their two 

sons survive him. 


Dr tan Busb, an outstanding mmeto 

sdwtist tathe 6d«l of sa heannouncedhis renrenrat 

found in 


EHTopean-Atiaiitk Group 

Baroness Young, Munster j>f 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was the guest ot 

• wMitinn P1VM1 LTV 


steroids, died in New Hamp- 
shire on November 1. He was 

In 1964 he and many of his 

research team caused a furore 

and were credited wife stort- 
ing the “brain dram*; when 
they resigned from .Birming- 
ham University and emigrat- 
ed to the United States, 
chiming that a shortage of 
funds was making their work 
impossible. . 

Ian Bcock Bush was bora 
on May 25,1^ nodal***: 
ed at Bryanston School and 
Pembroke College, Cam- 
bridge. From 194910 1952 be 

chemicals not 
heahhy people. 

Bush remained at the foun- 
dation until 1967 when he 

from the dation lmm i*o< “ v 

became Professor of Physiolo* 

% # «.Ln,m44<l 

Massachusetts. - 
He was leaving, he sam, 

because he was forced to team 

students with obsolete equip- 
ment; was hampered by paper 
work; was so short of secretar- 
ies that he had to type hi own 
letters; and was waging a 
continual battle for funds. 

Bush's emigration started a 
**brain drain’’ controverey, 
farther enflamed when many 
of his colleagues decided to 
follow him to America to 

the European-Atiantic v—r — 

tteStErmm’sHotdjjeaentey.i Fn)m 1949 to 1952 be follow mm 

Lord Layton, pnsidmLMdMr research scholar continue their He 

Geoffrey Rippon, I at the PhvsioloKV Laboratory, made it dear, however, ttat 

chainnan, received the mem- 1 ,hp 

- * ibr Medical Re- 

bels and guests. 


Funltwe Makers' Cmyny 
Mr Keith S. Wrighioo. Master 
of the Furniture Matos Com- 
pany, presided at the annurt 
( adi cs* dinner held at Merchant 
Taylors’ Hall test mgs. Mr 
Charles A. Webster and Miss 
Lucia E. Eicolani also spoke. 

Old AitcMsonrans _ . 

The Inaugural of me ^ 

b^ofAtehison Oiicfc Col- 
lege Old Boys Association was 
held on Friday, November 7, at 
ihe Cavalry and Guards Qub to 
coincide with the school cen- 
tenary celebrations m Lahore. 
The wesdent ofthe assocamon, 

Mr Narindar 1 Saroop, spOte . 
about the celebrations he had 
atten ded in Lahore. 


Ottered institute aTTransport 
Professor . G. Wills. Prin cipal o f 
ihe International Managemsit 
Centre from Buckingham, gave 

Intitule of Transport tnLond^ 

vesierday .evemng. The P^- 

SlMt G, Myere* VtwChauj 

man of British RaiL pref™ 
and afterwards entertained toe 
speaker at dinner. 

Institute tor wiciuwu 
search- The next three yeare be 

spent at St Mary’s Hospital, 
London, as a medical student, 
at the same time paying visits 
to several hospitals in Ameri- 
ca. , 

He then worked on the 
external staff of the Medical 
Research Council before mov- 
ing to Birmingham University 
in 1960 as Professor of Physi- 
ology at the eariy age of 32. 

There he worked on the 
steroid hormones secreted by 

the adrenal and sex glands, the 

chemical processes involved 
in the woridngs of fee brain, 
and their relationship with 
mental Alness. 1 _ 

But he became mcreasmgty 
embittered with what he 
r*n*d “the administrative 
ivory tower”. His frustrations 

mane it cicar, 

the financial support from the 
Medical Research Council 
had been generous. 

Steroids were Bushs first 
interest, and the work he did 
at Birmingham hi perfected m 
Massachusetts. As a visiting 
professor he had already used 
his own techniques of chemi- 
cal analysis to identify and 
measure unknown com- 
pounds in the blood and unne 
of patients at several Massa- 
chusetts mental hospitals. 

He refined and unmoved 
these methods so that analyses 
could be performed and the. 
results read by automation. It 
was designed so that a small 
technical staff; working with 
the tightest of budgets and in 
any laboratory, could screen 

gy JU. UlC LTUAWWU vw—O-T 

Virginia. He became an Amer- 
ican citizen so that he could 

work for the government from .. 

1970 to 1972. He then joined * 
the New York University 
Medical School where he was 
Professor of Physiology from 
1970 until his retirement sev- 
en years later. 

When he went to America 
he was optimistic that his 
chromatagraphic system 
could be manufactured com- 
mercially, but this dream 
came to nothing. 

He published, m 1961, 
Chromatography of Steroids, 
acknowledged as a landmark 
in the study of sex hormones. 
As an author, however, he had 
another line: in J983 he 
published The Siberian Reser- 
voir ; a moderately successful 
scientific spy thriller. 

Bush had a formidable sci- 
entific mind which, together 
with a zest for life, matte him 
lively, if exhausting, company- 
He was a voracious reader, 
competent murtaan, and 
skilled By fisherman. 

He was thrice married. 
First, in 1951, to Atom 
Pickard (divorced in 1966) 
with whom he had one son 
awl two daughters; second, to 
Joan Morthland (divorced in 
1972) with whom he had a son 
and a daughter, and third, to 

th^ hodv fluids of large num* «uu a w»« e » »** a > ——t* ^ 

here of schizophrenics, MagOfohmwn. He is survived 

i alL 

uvia w* r — r 

depresaves and neurotics tor 


of the converging Allied ships. 

-she was eventually beached, a 

Captain Basil Jones, DSO, Canadian and Pplish ships, 
DSC who died on November when Coastal Comma nd s ai r 
5af tte STof 85, was a patrols sighted tluee German 
distinguished wartime de- destroyers off Si Nazmre. 
stroyer commander whose fio- These were duly strafed, mid 
iffla routed German warships put mtoBrest for repairs. But 

aMamntina Irv * * " 

■ •* . 

were attempting to 

Geounoloate*! Assocteftw 

The annual P rescnt *^ n 
awards ceremony of the 

Gemniological Associan^ 

driest Bmain was boa at 
oXnhhs' Hafr U»don, « 

Monday. N ovemb er 10. The 

awards were presenradon^^ 

of the Gemmo logical Assoct- 
adon by Mr H£- Tfllandff oT 
FinimS, himself the wmn*< of 

disrupt the Normandy mva- 
sion fio 

the TuDy Medal in. I?3i 

mcdaL i&c highest distinction in 

the worid fw the 
genunology. mi JM JJW 
this year « a suffidentlylr 
stanaard was not foa^ea 

any candidate. 1 
throughout the worid sat the 
Suunrnauoa of whom JJ? 

,3 with disti«no^aig 

A, toara.Ml.OM S 

NOW 6000 hours of light 

I - 1-! .t ia m I S^dny^ith distinction, aim dsc in l939 for succe^tuuy ; ^ messmates as an attractive 

AiOTl nrm/ I SfSroirwuqns r*?*,}**?^ attacking U-boats with his bytjf robust dtaracter, tough but 

r?IKLaU IvIvV 1 32 countries. On bebalfof ^ destroyer Ivanhoe in the ZH3r* fair to fas subordinates. He 

| Gemniological ^oration of ^ Approaches. u- was an exceflent tactician, trad 

Great Britain, tl iSSfSi I Z tteSt of his two DSO*: , had his ^ _ judgeme nt. under 

Sees, in a printed night 

He was bom on August 5, 
1901, and joined the Navy as a 
cadet at Osborne in 1915. He 

ser/ed as a midshipman in the 

Grand Fleet before the First 
World War was over, and 

afterwards qualified asa gun- 
oer at Whale bland. Among 
his interwar postings was one 
in 1933 ioHMSAc®/fey-th®n 
a brand-new cruiser, later of 
Battle ofthe River Plate feme. 

During the Second Worid 
War he saw as much action as 
any man, in five years spent 
' jelyafloaL He won.a 
in 1939 for successfully 

V V fc- —a _ klff 

on the 8th they were at sea 
a gain, reinforced by a fourth. 

Jones, in the destroyer Tar- 
tar, steamed his force, west- 
wards to meet them, and 
picked them opon radar in the 
small hours of June 9. Split- 
* “ *' ' ■ ■> divi- 

ting bis flotto into two divi- 
sions, he made straight at the 

enemy, and Tartar opened fire 
- 1,000 yards: 

blazing wreck- 

Jones was awarded a Bar to 
his DSO for his leadership in 
this very sharp action, which 
removed the only German 
surface force still capable of 
menacing the supply train to 
the Normandy beachhead. 
Later in the year he was 
mentioned in despatches for 
his attacks on German 

After the war he successive- 
ly commanded the gunnery 
school at Chatham, was ,n 

at 5,uw yw»a ■ ■ ■ • - school at unatnam, was uj 

Evading torpedoes, ms charae of ship target trials, and 
ships pressed in to almost tom l949 l0 1951 was Cap- 
pomt blank range, disorgamz- ^ of Chatham Dockyard 
ing the Germans and compel- ^ g j^ Harbour Master, 
ling them to scatter. - Two ^ appointment, from 
escaped to the. foutb and ^sito 1953, was as Captain 

f lined the safety of Brest, but Qf^g Fishery Protection 
briar, giving chase to the and Mmesweeping Squadron. 
ncKth. hit and stopped one, was known to his 

ZHL Sbe was then hit herself Juura - 


They directly replace ordinary light bulbs 

SL*9 replaces 40W b^ib, SL13 replaces 60Wbulb. 


The WOrkfe No. 1 Ughtmaker 

BMr WMng 

Great Britain, ure 

DJ. Callaghan, received tea gin 
to the associauon the crtlertron 
of gems Of the late Mr BLW.. 
Anoersoo. Acting onJ«half of | 
the anonymous donor, mt n.\ 
Middlerruss. of Chnsne^ m^ 

the presentanonwhichwiDform 

0 T of ,'f e pc «" 


won the first of hui two DS Ps 
in command 
Pakenham \ — . — 
sister ship Paladin, . 

Italian destroyers .m’ night 
battles near Malta. '-Ji' 
On the evening of J^-way. 
Jones was leading The JOfli 
Destroyer Flotilla, of British, 

C n. 

-7-7—-’. «umd between warships manoeu- 

vrin 8 ^ - h. 

the' Canadian "•'destroyers of His Mfe. 

imws’s force cut-off the Gcr-’-mamedm 1928 , died in 1984 . 

STl^SScau^m the fee. He is survived by their son. 



H ■ 

■«! ; 


■ _ 

% r-vv, 


• \ ' S 



Ttv> Lont Coa will muIow tv dm Hi In 
\ytoy. *wi wumttrmtg, tenm from 
(M> mi iBfn, . 

Utah 29 : a 

B WWt - On No v oBBer 7m 1906 at 
(W Westminster Hosted. to Sbona 
Cut* Bake rt and Guy. a non. Max 

BOHMM - Qn Nroanur 7th aa Aber- 
deen. lo Lucy, wife -or Andrew 
Gonkm. a daughter, (tale Kate. 

OWET - On Novonawr IODl ts 
Margaret (nte Aonew) and Mcbara 
a daughter. 

HAMILTON STU88ER - On 8tb New. 
ventber 1986 to CaroOiteSavm) and 
James, a daughter. T»ra Patricia, a 
sister for Henry. 

BERMOH-TAYLOR . on 7th Navem- 

ntAHKUH - Oh Novanberrm 190s, 
peawfany at the Alexandra hwwbL 

Cheafle. Cheshire. Dr Neman 
Laurence FraaWa cal. fas.. 
F£ng. Legton D’Hojuwut, aged ea 
: yean of KmasCort. Cheshire, a be- 
loved husband and father. Funeral 
flrtvate. Memorial Service to be an- 
nounced later. Enquires to JA 
wuetm. tang street. KmmfonL 
Cneshtra Tet 0063 2644. 

daughter. Sophie Christina. at '& 
Richa nrs Hospital Chichester. 

H*tST -On November SOi 1986. to 
LwHa (nAo Resale) and Gregory. a 
Mm. Alexander. 

KALSTSKV- On November 2nd 1986. 
to Fiona (Mnrnfiy) and AnMoie. a 
daughter. Katharine Maty Undo. 

LOVE8R0VE-VKUEN - On Novem- 
ber 78 l to Karen (Me Reid) and 
Jona than, a daughter. Rowan. 

H3KH - On November 9lh 1986. lo 
Sandra (Me Kaye) and Andrew, a 
son. (Samu el Henry). 

RATGUFFE - On November 8. at 
-Peinhuiy HowtoL lo Sferafc (Me Da- 
vies) and Andrew, a daughter. 
Jesetca. Mary, a Hater for Hannah. 

WILLACY - On November 7th. lo W- , 
lorta (nde John) and Michael, a son. 
Michael Robert 


WOWM - on November 7m 1986. 
very suddenly al home. David Grace 
Antonio, formerly Secretary or 

. Scotland, decoly beloved httaand of 
Jenny, dear Other of Jennifer and 
Duncan and grandfather of Jose- 
phine. David. Rachel and Bobby. The 
Funeral Service, to wMcb as Mends 
are Invited, wffi be at MurrayfMd 
Parish Church, on Friday November 
14th at 11.00 am. Thereafter to 
Warrlston Cemetery. Flowers » W T 
Dunbar and Sons. 116 Lothian Road, 
bar 10.00 am on Friday. 

BAIRD- On November 7th 1986. at Ms 
home Manor House. Boswab Road 
Edmbmgh. Professor Bngrftus Or 
Dugald Baird, loved husband of the 
late May D Texaaem and father of 
Joyce. Mamen. Dum and Euan. 
CretnaUoa private. 

BARON - On Friday November 71h. at 
University College Hospital. Louts 
George, aged 67 years, be lo ved bus- 
band of Wynne. Qenutloa at 
Kingston Crmafartain. Thurday No- 
vember isth M noon. Token flowers 
only, bat donations. If deatted. to The 
British Heart Foundation. 

BLUNT - On 8th November 1986. 
peacefully in hospital. Charles Mar- 
shall Blunt DJL. aged 76 years. 
Much loved husband of Dorothy and 
father of Angela and Diana, service 
at SL Wendreda’S Church. March, on 
Friday 14th November 1986 at 2 
pm. No flowers pl e a s e, bol donations 
lTdedred may be sent the Royal Brit- 
ish Legion Benevolent Fund (March 
Branch). West End. March. 

BROOK • On Friday November Tlh. 
peocefafly at the PffnooH Alice Hos- 
Mct. Esher. Kenneth F- aged 80 
years. Very dear tmsband of Kath- 
feen. Jovlng Atasr of NJtfeL Simon 
and Linda and a dear arandMtwr 
and fatberhUaw. Service on Thura- 
d ay 13tb November at 11J0 am at 
SL Andrew* Qrorcb- Klngswood. 
Surrey, followed Mr cremation at 
Leatherhead. Famfly flowers only 
please, bmdonatlonsffdeilrad to the. 
Princess Alice HaWoe. Esher, would 
be ortracfaCaiL 

BUM - On 1st November. In New 
Hampshire. OAA. Dr tan E Bash. 
aged SB. son of the lata Dr Gilbert 
Bush and Mm Jean Bush. 9adfy 
roused ay Ms wife. tamfly , and 

CMAVASSC - On 10th November 
1986. peacehdly. at The OM Swan.. 
Hemey-an-Thamm. Janet - Eleanor. 
Much loved mottwr of Mary and Su- 
sanna and tovtna ' grandmother of 
Sam and Ghsrtes. Rmerai Servxoat ; 
Fawley Church, on Friday Novem- 
ber 14th at ll am. foUowed by 
private- cremation. Flowers In LB. 
walker & Sons. EMon Hone. Read- 

COOK - On November 7th 1986. trap- 
IcaBy In a motor accident In 
Scotland. Gordon, beloved hnrtwul 
of Ho. tather of James mid Andrew. 
No letters Mease. Any enoMitas to 

Packer and Stafe l.cnv Bank Road. 

arewester. Tel QBS5 35BG. 

CMCMTDN ■ On November 7th. Canon 
Hany Crichton, retired <* Bury St. 
Edmunds. Rector of Lavenham. Suf- 
folk 1976-86- Funeral SS. P$a- and 
PauL Lavenham. on Thursday No- 
vember J5Bi at 2 pot NO fltal 
Memorial Service SL Mary the Vir- 
gin. linton. CSunbridgesWre an 
Saturday November -22nd at noon. 

DODSON - On November 9U» 
1986 John Hirst Dodson. In Ms95r4 
year, of ‘LadythcRtr. Ctaeve HUL 
Chehenbam. Husband of SyMl and 
of the lata Marion. lather of Eric mid 
Christopher and a lovtnggranafaUier 
and great grandfather- Funeral Ser- 
vice al Cheltenham Crematorium, on 
Friday November 14th. at 12£0 pm. 
Family flowers only. 

DOW-saBTH . Oil Saturday 8th No- 
vember. wPh prwttctabta .comw 
and tiMoNtir. al HexhU HospitaL ran- 

friends lareweB. OnuUw Private, 
her ashes to vest together wah tar 
only daughter. Henrietta, bn Bem» 

EZARD - On 8th November 1986. sud- 
denly u his home. CtarenceNortMifji 

Office. Beloved husband of Gave 
drar brother of PhyBis and tmcle hr 
Michael and Patrici a. Engu tttes 
pfease to Paul Bysotdh- Faaeral Swr- 
vfces Telephone : Crowborousct 
(08926) 5000. 

WUUBTMR - On November 7m 
1986. . PCMefHlty TQcta. 

HMdcorn. Kent. ModeMne. cnora- 
geoas-and mnCh loved wlta of Peter; 

Emma. Edward. -Tom and James. 
Requiem Maqa at St Thontasrf Can- 
terbury. Headcorn. SatanRgr 
Naraabar.lbOi at t Zara. fMtawed 
tgr burial In Headcorn. Funeral eo- ! 
l ai tries and flmrers to K B Bate \ 

E-On 7tn November 1986, to 

Guthrie, oeepty loved 3 

orratp and adored Earner or Ataan- 
dar and Bannh v. FunnM Private. 
- Memorial Sendee lo be announced 

MOW - On November. 7th. GeofPrey. 
somier. London m ha tfa i e r. school 
and Mavid chapbn. parish priest and 
anally Brother al Sutton's ttapmdL 
Chart w h o rae; a much loved man. 
Funeral at 11.00 am. on November 
17th ad The Parish Church. Great 
Ollley. Nr HRchliL R is thought that 
be would have wished that. In Hen of 
flows-*, donations ooukl be made to 
The National Association of Boys 
Clubs. 24 Htftboiy Grave. London 
- N6 or sbnltor Charily. 

MnK - On November 4tiv. suddenly at 
Croydon. Btzabetb Sarah, aged 29. 
dear daughter of Dick and Anne and 
loved sister of Ktaty. Kale. Alteon 
and Bridget Faneral private. Mease, 
no Rowers. ... 

LEONARD - On November 7th 1986. 
PftySis Mary, aged 86 yenzs. Much 
loved mother of Richard and grand- 
mother of Gillian and Sany. Funeral 
Sendee and o on atio st at lhe MU. 
Warwickshire Orantottum. Oakley 
Wood. Learotnghn Spa. on Thur» 
day Novendier 13th at 2 pm. Family 
flowers only please, but donations B 
desired may be. sent to Age Concern 
Warwickshire., c/o Mr. D. RusseH, 
Pageant House. 2 jmy streeL 

MATUSCH . on Ncvemtia- 7th 1986. 
peecefttly to Rotttogdran. after a 
long innesa. Murid, aged 84. Wife of 
the lata Frederick and beloved moth- 
er of Antony. Funeral Service, at 
Rnfflngdcan Parish CDuch. Sussex 
00 Thursday November 13th. at 
230 pm. Emufrtas to E. Carter A 
Son. Teh 0273 33467. 

WBin CI - On Sunday November 
9ttu peacefully at home, tan HamO- 
ton. very dew htnbmd of Honor and 
coring tattler of Angus. Gavin and 
Katrina. Cremation at Bounumo uth 
Oemaioriuxn. on Thursday Novem- 
ber 13th at 1pm. Ftanfiy flowers 
‘ only, but donations, if destred. totfte 
BnoertM Cancer Research Fund. Lin- 
cotos-Irm-Fieids. London WC2. No 

STEVENEY - On 7th November 1986. 

I peacefully to Gnvtiwa Nursing 
Home. Patricia. VtaW Hnoeganle. 
much loved mother of Peter. Private 
. cremation.' at Aldershot. 00 Friday 
14to November: No letter* ^ta«. 

* ' Flowers to ttCWtlek and CD, TIN 
Farnbam (0282) 714884. or if pre- 
ferred. donations to Cancer. Relief 
MaanBnn. Service. . MltBtuns. 

.VABUV?- On Nmenber .9011986. In 
• Her 91at gear. -peacefully at Saint 
Jdaen'i Nmetotr Home. WWbtodOn 
. common. Georgian Rosatind. wta- 
of Cm- taw Oo mman tier CWmwefl 
Vartay and TOUch toVod mother of 
John, Hugo, Jullit aanMcky.Devly 

' towed yandmottwr and great grand- 
mother. Funeral at Satof MattihM 
Church. BtocfcheatiL near Gutidford. 
at 2JOO pm. oa Friday November 
14th. Ehgulrta to Mesm Pttoms. 
Gutidfocti 67394. ' 
wnTWORIR - On November 6th. sud- 
denly A borne. Cattwlne Helen, 
aged TO yen* of award Gardens. 
Twickenham- Dearly loved and 
greatly mtaed tyBo*. Caroline. 
James, John and Doreen. Funeral 
Sendee wfll take puce, nt Gaum Wed 
' Middlesex crematorium, an Friday 
14th November at 2skn. • 

TWJJE - On 7Di' November. Valerie 
Thom' Morenv. foanerty (Cape! 
Stoughier). peaoefnBy at Danbury 
Oped 88 years. Funeral Sendee at 
Chelmsford Crematorium on Thurs- 
day 13th November at 12 JO pul. 
Funeral Arrangemants tw Bakers of 
Danbury. TeL 0246 41S 876. 


ADDMALL - Waitotl Bernard. ”8101 
-are thy pfeatant voices, by nighen- 
gales. awake”. In lovtog memory on 
your btrmnay from an your family. 



maeusmmm- On Nowmber&b. 
1986. Godfrey Hartow 
Wtggaesworih. We of CbetoeeL Fu- 
neraf wffi now take place at 
Altrtotibam Creutaoihon. on Thurs- 
day November 13Ut at 11.00 am. 
Funeral private.- FamSy flowers 
only- Demos of. a Memorial Sendee 
In London, wfll be announced taler. 

Science report 

Early test hope on 


s %£%&&&%& 

*" . , vvt » k i vices Uarrersity a the Health 

SialSS. «« 5 bud- 1 


equate pabtic hygiene than to 

Se poor V 

crated with other mfecuoas 

It is on the increaM m wj 

new Inigalion sdhanes^tave 

been mirodaced. Tlw mrasAiA 

JSh cans* the 3^*“ *** 

oped a test which they befew 
out reliably dht&ose 

w»h schist»soffl««tawe^ 

after the tafecDon with ttts 
larvae called cercana, "hn* 

gtrSf llDeu — 7' _ , 

The new test, so to only. ««. 

in anuiml experimMte, wdl 

valuable in several warn. I* 
enable infectiottt to be eliaih 
Sted before they ******** 
harmful symptoms the 

dn^s int«»Sdfita «totosoto- 

dMons aiisdiagfw^.* Jf 

disease. It wiD ahe help TO tibe 
planniug of efimtoaton eam- 
^^espediiEy irtjea a «c- 
t-hro becomes ayetlab te ** *** 
seems Ghely wiflun * few y«*«* 
It is the internal s carring 





. OF time.... ; 


nrryvwU>*f*diMu often CMsuttoav* 

■MubaeMmiMBa norrau mriodrom- 
ocni at*. nraakUv ear** tore 
rentavrenv 4lmiW i tfP" « ta a« aw .i8ES^ 


. pare Road, wmowter. 

Hampshire S0237B£^ .- 

,, jto9.aMriW.No-.g?660Br 
j mOPEHtONWL ufai (M um awwr 

■ tow okr fer ■raocoQ ttw wnyfe thb* 
(9i Awmib. «M> IM7. Ttfc iOMa 
s»ss 2 *tnaa. • - 

. wga ifL o70o szraM t» 3H2. 



Dtomcr Svtte - - 
Evening TM Stall 
- sunaui to hire 



22 ertanns Cron no 
London WC2 
Nr Ucvsmt se tut* 

' ' 01-240 2910 

MUM VAUC( SI Jeflra wcw B*4tcuoo 
' OTJM*- AJtenv. TcteMlOac: Ol 20909*0 



nkWNMtOKOtS for mart tmr SO yrers 
Md-sun at wur savior Man w « 
lOanHLbOHn. Am M W to. , 89 
Quecnsway. WS. TM Ol 329 2777. 

WPta IM P. Lava or Mmm. All sees, 
areas. DauUM. Dart (QiM » auwoudo 
R oad. London W9. Tat 01-950 JOll. 

tem vita* donanentt. oaat te : 01-651 
9808- . ' 

Mimsu Waga Caterer*. C&rMxaar 
comnaTt urn rater for any occasion. 
Trt 01-223 9070 

PKBStAN OMDriAL A aB ettier row rv 
rand. Reiwawi ficcvtoa. Can anyone. 
01-349 9978. 

CAPITAL cVa prepare Mon ouHtw cunts 
utum vttact. 01-407 790*5. 

COMVKTAIKMa by fmty auteUlal SoOcV 
tar*. £180 -«• VAT and standard 
dfebarrazrat* rtne 02M 31 SOM. 

•WSS. PraTnereHi toabwe tan; Abl O/R. 
£48 pn-wtete (Menutve. 01-751 8433. 
eKtaftMM 8103 or 01-871 1005 Ptt 

ti JIWMi M t f read to tinre toreur 
. naiar very dan to cawn Nortn * i 
SMrfneeu Utoe. Own date rm. Dun- i 
«tanr. » «MlUV MCHM. vldra Ht , 

£45 M. Ptaone 831 0642. days Or 736 

7684. after 7pm. , 

ft M OS Ba4bed niete tenerwe.tenraca.roor 
vatahn. a MUm. a moev ebarm wanted 
aeatted £80 pw wtl> 584 0299 greta j 

PLATMATCS Sateen v* Shartnu. WeS 1 
non introductory service, me tta tor 
aaoft oi sm s«9i. ms Browaon 
mu. sws 

FULHAM Prof F. 22-28 VTS. N/S. Q 7R. to ! 
MM noun, garden, nr Tr*n £200 
pen (ML TeUH- 486 7304. lOTOoe) I 
KKNMHOTOM wa Outer newly dec torn 
flat i bed ran an. nan. A Hi"* CM. TV. 
£140 Puw. MIN 6 BUM. 01434 6635(8- 

■USHUim Second person, dwt 
(ULown ream £66 pw. T«H: 221-7304 
alter 6-50 bjh 

CMELSCA. Mm neatly Brew houae. 2 
tails to share. 01-351 6732. Minuus 
front Stoma Square. 




1 bed run 1UB £100 lo £135 pw. 
. Atooshortty avalt 1 lo3b« Jttt 
flab. Afl iBogCo lets. 
01-836 0736 

if you have Quality property 

tO W t«41 na 


Expert profetitonM gereta. 

270 Earts Court Road. SWS 
01-244 75S3 


Worldwide low cost flights 
Tlw DM - and we can prove K 
196AOO cherts since 1970 

O/R AaBWdeaas.£6Opw4acL0l-S73 

KZW Professional taew/torntla. deaftte 
room, tenote or coonte. eaonw. abptok 
I month. Tel: OI 948 0275. 

IMZ Cm. own room to luxury Hit. sauna 
room. CH. TV. Video, oaraeos. £46 pw. 
TeL 01-431-1814 

VAKRIk Bouncy pert F. fN/SX oeeks 
own room. Central London for Oacero- 
bar only Tel 0342 87226. 



Cash paid. 7 Days only. Hotel BrttonnUL 
Qroswnor Goture. Room 206 or 
TeteyhOfte Mr Onmhoi 01-629 9400. 

painted ftimcret Mr Ashton Ol 947 
6946. 667-669 Oarrao bans. EarWteML 

TVUIAia. SW6. Porpose buflL 2 bed Rat 
with river views, new Otted . ul 2 
bearms. 2 banirms. 1 ea state. Use or 
- mom tt gym. Hag porterage. 
IMergound canterk spare. Fun ircun- 
ty. Co lei mf tnta. SSBOovt. Teh 
09727 26906 



wtcanoersbeauttnn natural cot* tOas, 
extremely, hard vreanng the MM mon- 
ey can buy £8.96 per so yd *■ vbl 
M cfSkum vOM pOe carnet 14 .Man 
comm. Boot m underlay w wtae 
Orom slock. 7 ymr wear uusnntoe for 
home or office. £4.76 per sq yd -naL 
Plus the taroot lemon of atom enr- 
peUna to London^ 

648 FltaMta Road SWS 
207 Hbvoreiotac H1U Hampstead NWS 


Prat EsUmatreExoert Fining 

JMBMkti Stih Vre*. r owner. O te s m 
. lag Mack wHh Marti SMB interior- au 
■ • usual MhBMea. 31.000 mites. PSH.' 
. DnmarMd • wondnon. £10.960. 

- Tefa0329) 236677 «nyttma (Hants) 

rauacor aati m isaa. assoo mats. 

one owner w«h raooed o f SM Vicca. 

. ..12309 JMSBhnnaT»-9S7 6823. day 
01-727 9134. ' 

. 8KOT1AN CTONWfeai Ormnd. model 160. 
-serial 66428. good carnWML £5200 
TW 01 727 9440 (afw 6onO. 

amvCSHBEN SfttCIAU « Tbpaj pw TVs 
(ran £49. Vldeas Irom £99. 91 Lower 
■ioane SL. SW1- 730 0953. 

rmUCa twnaure soeriaitete. One of En- 
gtandc lareMi dfspteM or iTthAM iflto 
century period . stale hunKure. 
- NrilMxxf. imbc Henley , on Thaina; 
(0491) 641116. bournemouth (0202) 
•293680. Tomnam <039287) 7446. 
Beritetoy. Cltos 104539 6*0402. 

nSKST floaHta woof carnet*. At frada 
prices and under, auo avstteUe I00*s 
mdra. Lne room U2* remnsnls under- 
. half normal price. Chancery Cwueta 01 
4 03 0403. . ... 

detects for Ml sold. 
Wnte toauoe most 
yedtt cards accepted. 

Lee Mte AU theatre 
- 821-66164828- 

/ Dtnen. 

HMM Phanto m . AU 
M 439 1765. AU mar 

CSaJLO l9tbC.ExctatwoondHton.Hard 
case + 2 hows; £3.000. Tri: OI 876 
-- *344, ■ . (• 

— /HBBfl . Cookers, etc, can 
yon buy OieanerV B 6 8 Ud. 01 229 
1947/8468. ■ 

OLD TOOK FlACatnWBC. ooMfe setts 
. etc- NsianwMe deuvtries. Tet (088C6 
860039 (Wins). 

01-673 3968 eves.. - 
, over 1 year (APR Oto). Low busiest 
rates over 2 year* (APH 9.S4H A Sjmte 
(APR I2Jtto) Written QuoatUns. Free 
Catalogue.. 30a Hghgate Mall. NWS. 

Catalogue. 30s V 
01-267 7671.,,. 


rioua mansion hat with nr security, 
ratte n and car esnos. d beds, tore* 
nets, a baths, kuw - an machines, 
bag Oo M £400 pw. GODDARD 6 
SMITH 07 960 7321 

EATON FLACK SWt aamac a able red 
ihl nr mm. A decor torouabMd. dbte 
recap- ui + mm- B baths. Ok. am to 
now. co. tet onto. £880 pw F W GAPP 
221 8838 

MOerrAOtC too ARE W1 Company 
Dhvrioris dreamt very Stylish art over- 
looking MS 2 bam corns lovely. Bright 
recep. super MU + Bath- MuW be saw 
£326 P-w. Esc value. Ascot Properties 
Ol 486 6741 

SEVERE fiPIB WB. Mod town bsa. Fan- 
tastic mcaaon. 4 bedrms. 2 hMIte. 2 
recess, super HI fcit. Pretty courtyard. 
Recommended. £400 PW- unfriend: Ol 
499 6334. 

CNEUEA dwa. Good UCMten 2 bed OsL 
recap- k* * watteer. bath. AxaB now. 
£176 pw FW CAPP Q» 221 8838. 

CHNHKK MM. AttmctN* wed fhroistmd 
. . apt. Dale bsdtm. no non tut and 

brtn. Cloee tube. £1 16 pw. Unfriend: Ol' 

499 6334. 

HENRY A lAtilCS OtxUaci us now oa QI- , 
236 S861 for me heel srtecOoo or 
trertteMd na» and houses, to rent in 

KnMhMbrittge. Chctea and KcnHntaWL 

WANTED. Throe uedroorned Oat uoftar- 
1 nlshed. Swiss Cottage area. Long 
Company Jet Up » £860 per weak. Tet 
01-686 2873 lafter 600 pnu. 

AVARJIHE HOW Luxury flats ft houses 
£200 - £1.000 per weak. Tet Burgess 
681 6136. 

MWUMMEKDHE. Attractive Studio mi 
wnh gaiteried Pedn^sep U ft shwr nu. 
£175 PW. Neg.OI 589 9226. CD- 

ftat/bmae: re> to £800pw. Uwat tees 
reo. PtuUtosVay A Lewis. South of the 
Par*. Chelsea office. 01-352 8111 or 
North of me part- ne a rer * Pam, office- 
01-686 9882- 

btshed »»Uo flal in Ihte superb tocaMon 
2 Dbte Beds. tetaM Shwr w n. raatv 
Ofnuw Han. Brand new ML Exrrin-01 
value. £276pw. Cortes 828 B26L. 

SWl Pretty patio Oat close to Mi ■rart- 
ttete necep wtth French window* 
leading to attractive undo by garden. 2 
Beds. Bath. Galley Kit Eififlpw. Oooies 
I 82B 8251. 

AMERfOUl HANK urgtetttv reoutn* hnc- 
ury Outs/houses. OteteML W^ghW- 
- bHdpe. Bdgsvu sreas. £200 - £2 jooo 
SS rSiSSMSwe Aaenri 681 6136 
BOM '* MrraWFF fjoe hntutvi PMPJrtM* 
In SJ Johns wood. Regontarart, ,«W£ 
Vale- Swiss Con & Hampstead 01-386 


; tmm prime funuehM Mid tatfta fMMted 
homes. Now auallatar via CHbe Apart- 
; merits. OI 435 9612. 

CUVfLAm 8MNS Elerad ft eper 3 Bad 
I ^l 2Mta-muTBecm. New KiL an 
much. Bath. WC + Ctts. CH toe. 
OMM Banhom ft Reeves *38 3622- 
BITERESOTS3 chuntAno srietuon of rur- 
j . nttiied nan ft houses, from £160 pw- 
rawo » Kemuioton ft JRnnMbM 

£130 pw ExcL Tel: 01-667-0864 

in the Uoilcd Stales, nukes it 
possible to diajtnose sebisto- 

srauxwi “J tf WH .iv.~w | 

ttunu&iUf Out cououonest fern m : 
the parasite, Well before egg! 
hiyiiro mod Duly a week aftear first 

What was needed was « | 
reagent Out todU d^ect uffl* i 
raig cata ri a larvae. | 
Dr Hmym» and hw coBeagoes 
tirade anlflKHfies .agaiast eer- 
caria by. injocting paxffied cer- 
ctiria antigens rabbits ana 
pariMae 0» antfoody m*te by 
the rabbits’ bodittia response. 

That anfib o&j -was purified 
aid Jus been nsed exper>* 

. n i. ■fi.iminrn nirhl infer- 

tien of mk* with setustosomes, 
tishas the tednigBe known as ; 
Elisa (Enayme Linked 
iromuiioscNrbesn Assay). In tins 
the antibody felhiked tn finores- 
ceat materkl so as to m Ake 
antibody-antJgea reactions MS- 
Qy detectable- . , 

Tests tmerstom that this 

method caa detediofectwn iritii 
SLauntsonJ at a very e ariy s tage, 
as early as one week after first 
expesme to Infection, wbea 
there'' are - no niwt than -100 ■ 
worms at fltt Jnfcdrf mwse- 
Hanuw tests are now pias** 
Stmras TJu laaCd^yoi H * p. 
716-71* -MS& 

get it tod! 


. ^/w^»ke^*»u»fkr>JWrir. . 


41 Eagle Street. Lomtop WC1K4AR 



1 We ftmd our auettrad oTall 
RKarcfa itittdie'pRWtitioa md, 
car if esicer to fte UX. . ' j 
- Bdp tttjbj mifiDCa dnudoo 
or ladae a Je*«y ar ... I 

Cancer, V 
Research IsLj 

2 CMkOfl Rook Tcoenx, 

IDBT TT 111U J, Lowtoo SWlY SAIL 

port avail now » tooaj » "L sssa 
pw- Buchanans: 361 T7ST. 

■MUD* VA1£- 

Mn Bed ana tody. Moitern so* ana 

WOTK. 01 289 3268. 

mitefcl fl HlVlilC 4 BURNS offers setec- 
iw» ft Mura n »• cam. 

&w£brtdov. lCMtehttaua, Vrimbtedou 

. Sflf^srSUroTSSroezi- 

M7 8881 The namner to remember 

ALlJpt BATES ft Co wnw« irate sfltec- 
- uoo-rt flats ft houses avtal tori tens / 
MI M «0 £120 00 O w. Ol 499 1066 
w nn—iuiiPV z bedroom, ktb. sfflM 

STTcieOra TrtB37 1942 pm. 

c ^2 a ^SSSlS-S , StiS2 
0299 ' E ' ,esJ 

milirn Wharf- O te rming 2 bed (tadeL 
£i2opw met. 661 lisa. 

Desttater audio flat In gras 
torartoS. 060 ow. Buchanano: 361 

“SSfTshnwer/lofc phrtwjj^wupm. 
£270 pon met- Tet 01 720 3311 
nocKUtim Flats and houses to let 
"ttSsSffST the Dockland* area. TcfcOl- 
790 '9660 

FULHAM. 3 bed 2 bath hse wwi gdn. 
iCewTdau.. AM nod con,. TOMam 
£275 pw mn. auefwnaaw 381 7767. 
HMHCATE 1 rtd jlai. aVafl fgte 6.wja 
Bd n l nu im from December 3isi. £100 
pw. Tel: 01281-4O0B alter 4piti 
kfkSIMTON. DeHtailful 2 Bed 2 bath 

tawd new fS^iaaq pw. Andre 

Lanbuvre: 401 7822. 

(.OVELV STUMO Sep klwraand Utah. 

utiy iMLpr. tcitiUS (UL W. Pk0> WJiHl 

SS; «6pwoT 361 6180 Stay- 


don from £32S ra Nja ''*£»og 
Town House Apartments 373 3433 

sen. 2 beds. "Si' 

3nl floor. IdL Co lei. £500 pw- 361 
5767 07. 

A WEST END FIM and ftoueae Ltei wFor 
■ saie/Lei. Davi* WooH# oi «0? 7881. 
wwm apartment* in ltoaatagto h- 
34 nr Sw. Trim. CNtnabam 
Apftnmcnb 01 -375 6306. 


EtaWASA FWUS 01-937 5400 
Long Maul rnolto 01603 1516 

lUAaMIMm cues 01 -958 3*44 
Crtcnunm ucented/Bmael 


O/W Rm 
Sydney £430 tm 

AiKklind £420 £775 

Lux Autries £178 0*0 

& S8 SS 

Rio^ £282 £504 

01-370 6332 


Nairobi. Jo-llutp. Cairo. DubaL 
mtantwL SuraPOM. KJ_ Dritu. 
Bangkok. Hone Kong. Sydney. 
Mextos. Bogota. Caracas. 
Europe. & The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London W1V 7DGL 

01-439 0IQ?/0l-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10X30-13.00 

Atil TICKETS SpedalUte New yorfc 7229- 
L-A/SMi Francisco £329. 

Sydney/Mrtbounir £769. AU daily di- 
rect fltohCx. Dartalr 130 Jennyu 
ShweLOl 839 7144 

COtTCUTTEKS OM tugldsAhob to Eu- 
rope. USA * most destinations. 
Diplomat Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

1ST ft CLUB CLASS FLXarTS: Hn pe Ph- 
countt- Sunwefid Travel. 103727) 
26097 /27109/Z7S38. 

3YD/MEL £635 Perth £666. AU malar 
. comers to aue/nz. 01-684 7371 
' ABTA. 

CflumNCn worldwide. Haynurtrt 
01-930 1866. 

DdCOOIT FARES Wertdwtdr: 01-434 
0734 jupOer Trav«L 

WWWWini ft <WWT FAB ES World- 
wide. Tel U.T.C (07S3I 857036. 

FUSKTSOOKERSDHcoanl Fares wurid- 
wkte. vm/ economy. 01-387 9100 

MALAGA, ouuu aa Ol 441 1111. 
Ttaueiwtoe. Ante. Atat. 

MORO CCO DU MP. Regret SL Wl. Ol 
734 6307. ABTAMlrt. 

ft. AFRICA From *466. 01-584 7371 

SPAIN. Portugal- CUcepert fines. Biggtes. 
Ol 736 8191. ABTA ATOL. 

BBuoa* Whiter oaer or bertrtd wntun 
t days of tf epanu rel. Price ftaiy me*, 
rin. Oatwtek OtoM (every Wed. IIMBL 
traratera. A/TBx. 7 nights BAB 01 twin 
room with ■MBi/Nwwer and wc. 1« 
MM & £219. Smote + £lBwk. NO 

hidccn extras, onw mnbnw. 

26 March ISLAND SUN 01-222 7462 

WftetLO WK CHEAFfIS Never Know- 
Ingiy under sold, we bra any fare, on 
■ny am. any where m the world. Ws- 
emras on howteLCrerti cards ■wricome. 
Member ABTA. Try us. Tel Ol 679 


XMAS. Winter. Summer. AMar-«. Ten- 
erife. Greece- Turkey. Snaln. Cam. 
Sri La nka andmany more hois/HmMb- 
Vcotura: Ol 251 S466. ATOL 2034. 
IKI H UraE . uchutaealr seats Nov/Der 
i JaHNat xnusL day dirtng*.£i09. AB- 
TA/ATOL. Vlftt TWA OX 247 1982. 
LOWEST Air FM9S. SctoduUd 

ft Worldwide. Med Star TraveL oi 928 


The finest houses for rental . 73 st 
James SL swi. Ol 491 0802. 
■Ott W tt Hoddays. Homes ta te- 
Chang* to 26 counhte*. Woridwtoe 
Ham Exchange. 46. Haas SS*- LO '’' 
don. SWIX OJ2L Ol 689 6066. 

•TAKE TRUE OFF lo Parte. Amsterdam. 
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ftAKTAFOLA FuBy furil "« *SS!?SSSf 
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SKI WEST - NEW! SbedM ofRn on 
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I LEGAL Nonas I 


NOTICE 18 HEREBY CtVEN pursuant to 
Section 688 of die entopanm Art- 1985. 
Uui a MEETiNC of the ciwdllors of the 
above named Onmoaiw win be nrid « Ihe 
offices of LEON ARD p UBTIS ft CO- sHU- 
LONDON W2 6LF on Tuesday the 18th 
day of Nov-enber 1986 al 12.30 o'clock in 
the Afternoon for the purposes provided 
for in Secdoos 589 and 590. 

Dated the 30th day of October 1986 



Section 688 of die Companies Act. 1989. 
hud a MEETING of the creditors of the 
Above named Company will be held al die 
omces Of LEONARD CURTIS ft CO- sltu- 
LONDON W2 6LF on Tuesday the 18m 
day of November 1986 at 1.30 o’clock in 
the Afternoon for the purposes provided 
tor to Sections £89 and 590. 

Dated the sort day of October 1986 




Section 588 of the Companies Art. 1986. 
Uud a MEETING Of Die creditors of the 
above named Company win be heM al toe 
Offices of LEONARD CURTIS ft CO - situ- 
LONDON wa 6LF on Tuoday toe 10th 
day of November 1986.M 4.30 o'clock In 
the Afternoon for the purposes Provided 
for in sections 689 ft 690. 

Dated AriSOHi day of October i9fM 

Section 886 of toe Companies Act. 1986, 
mat a meeting of me Creditors of mo 
adore named cwnmny win be brio at me 
offices of LEONARD CURTIS ft CO- Shu- 
LONDON W26LF on Friday the 14th day 
Of November 1986 «l 1 2.00 o’clock mid- 
day for ihe purposes provided for in 
Sections 689 and 890. 

Dated toa 29to day of October 1986 


THOS. PL U S labeivstwyui) Limited 
Section BB8 of toe Companies An. 1986. 
tori a Meeting of the creditors of dw above 
named company wiD be held al toe rtllces 
Of LEONARD CURTS ft CO- Situated M 
W2 6LF on Tuesday me lam day of No- 
vember 1986 at 3.30 o'Etock to toe . 
afternoon for toe purposes provided for m I 
Sections 68* and 690. 

Doted toe 30to day ot October 1986 

Director | 


7600 of 1986 

in ihe MMer of The BiinerBl Ufe Aasw- 
once Company e* Onaoa 

U toe matter of Imperial Life (U.KJ 
and . 

In tne maner of Trident Investors Life 
Assurance Co m pa n y Limited 

In ins muter of Trinity msuraacr Compa- 
ny uinitcd 

In toe maner of ttpwiU life Assurance 
Cceri puny Umliad 

Id me matter ot me hraraaro Coramnica 
ACI 1882 

lion was on toe Zpto Ocrober 1986 
preermed M the High Court of JlsUce 
fChaneery Division) by me above-named 
Trideni Ufe Assuranre Company .LhnWfd 
l -Trideni Ldc“i for sanction under See- 
Bon 49 of toe above- named sm««i 
Comnames Art ig«2 » a Scheme I The 
Scheme") providing Idt toe transfers to 
Trident Ufe of pari of toe long term ' bwur- 
ance buuness of The MitwrUJ Ufe 

A5SSST-. -ETEraiSf u AK 

Lmrued. and of all ihe long term insurance 
horincss of Trinity Insurance Company 
UnM and of Trident investor* Life Aft 
surance Conwany Umiied and ter an 

Order making ancillary provtslaa hi ray 
necnon with tor said transfers under 
Section 60 of toe sue Art. 

Cortes or me said Peatton. toe Scheme, a 
total report by Actuaries Instructed on be- 
half of toe said Companies and a report by 
an independent Actuary in purauanro of 
toe saw Section 49 may be Inspected, al 
each of toe offices of Imperial specified m 
toe Schedule hereto during norma) bus*- 
Bes nans ter a period of W days mm 

the publication of uits notice, 

The said Peouon is directed io be beared 
before toe Hon Mr. Jushco Mervvo Da- 
vies at too Royal Courts of Justice. Strand. 
London on Monday toe am December 
1986. Any person imrtudingany employ- 
ee of any of toe raid Companies) who 
claims tori he or she would be adversely 
i affeclen by toe Scheme may appear al toe 
time of toe hearing u Person or by 

i Any person who Intends so to appear- 
and any oodeyfiofcfcr of any of (be «ud 
Companies who dbfttnts from toe Scheme 
Md does not intend so lo appear, should 
air not less than (wo dear days' prior 
notice In writing Of such totem Ion or dis- 
gnfl. and of toe reasons therefor, to toe 
undermentioned Solicitors. 

Copies of toe documents specified above 
will be lunushcd by such Soften ore to any 
person rrauumg them prior lo the making 
of an order gaMbMnf toe Scheme on 
payme n t of toe prescribed charges 

Dated LI to November 1986 
S J Berwfn ft Oo 
236 Cram ten Road 
Loaded WclX SHB 


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cx, te- 
nd rose 
ywth in 
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of the 
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nt and 
igies is 
d mil- 

!0nwl- ' 
expen- - 
ked to 
which ' 
it sot • 
is are 


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Labour I 
levy for 1 

By Richard Evans I 

Political Correspondent 1 

All British finns would be I 
ordered to pay a new levy by a 
future Labour government to | . 
help to finance a radical I 
training programme for the 
nation’s workforce, it was i 
disclosed yesterday. 1 

Mr John Prescott, Shadow j 
Secretary of State for Employ; ^ 
ment, said the tnunmg 'tax | . 
should be a minimum oft per 
cent of a company’s trover 
and would raise about £o 

billion. , - . I 

As he gave details ofthel- 

levy plan during the Knowley I 

North by-election, he made it l • 
clear small businesses wotdd 
not be exempt and >v 

loss-maldngfirmswouldhave . 

to pay. “Everybody should ■ . 
pay their fair share”, be said- : ; 

Mr Prescott said Britain had | ^ 
the worst-trained labour force j 
ofanv developed country mid ■ 
business was largely, respon- I 
sible. British companies spent i : 
0 1 per cent of their turn- 
over-- £1 bUlion -on train- 
ing compared to £2 5bdhon , 
spent by our competitors, I 
equivalent to 3 per cent of I ■ 

turnover. , J 

■‘We will have to levy j 
industry because industry has 
shown itself totally unable to 
see training as an investment, j 
and sees it totally as a cost , 
Mr Prescon said. 

“So industry must take 
note. It has totally faded the I 
community in training s* 
people. A Labour government 
will reverse that trend and I 
begin to train our people and 
get them back to work. I 
With 72 hours left before 
voters go to the polls m ine 
Merseyside constituency, both 
Labour and Liberals yesterday 1 
produced canvassing returns 
which confirmed that Mr 
George Howarth, the Labour 

candidate, retains a significant 

lead. , , 

The Labour figures,. hasea 
on contact with two-thirds of 
the voters, give Mr Howarth 
65 6 per cent of the commit- 
ted votes, the liberals 7.6 per 
cent and the Tones 2.8 per 
cent Voters still to mak£ up 
their mind constitute 18 per 
cent and support for the other 
candidates is pat at 5 pct cent. 

According to the Liberals, 
their candidate Miss Rose- 
mary Cooper is narrowing the 
gap between herself and Mr 

1983 election result k. 
Kilroy-Silk, (LL 24.949; A. 
Birch, fO. 7.758; B. McColgan, 
(SDP/Alll 5.715; J. Simons, 
(WRP), 246. 

. . ■» • * 


'• J 


**'--■** • >. 


-■ \ 




SB* - k 
s ’ > 

-♦ - 

. I* \ ' ' 

; ,r 

•; v • 

Sir Gordon Richards at th 

Continued from page 1 1 

his era. He had the strongest 
will to win and the best 
balance of any jockey in my 

Sir Gordon was a gnat 
fevourite of the Royal Family 
and rode many of their horses. 

As one of the most guttering 

superstars in the gilded history 

of- the Turf, historians may 
argue whether the title of the 
greatest jockey of all time 
belongs to Sir Gordon, to Fred 
Archer, who preceded him 
and tragically committed sui- 
cide 100 years ago last Sat- 
urday, or to Lester Piggott, 
who retired last year and who 
has just ended a successful 
first season as a trainer. 

But probably no one, not 
even Mr Piggott, has been so 
idolized by the racing public. 
At the height of his powers he 
exercised such a hold on the 
popular imagination that 
there were occasional punters 
on Derby Day and the like 
who would automatically 

• • 


✓ * 

But people m JT 

voys traveffingjie^d 
Trunk Road, and ^d» vc 
map movements by tra m. 

Punjab and 

fiHce until fatterno ra. 

The raihrajs tad «rtSor 

cancelled a number of branch 

av ^ rSiB T’’!! n “” 4 

. . the current fashion* seeking to 

back whatever horse he was . _ . find a gap on the rails. 

riding in the belief that he was QaSSlC WUHierS His ^ngtii in a finish was 

unbeatable. Derby 

Of course he was not,, and * 

indeed he had to wait until the Pmza. O 95 ^) 

twilight of his career to U»ks 

acfcdeve his most elusive sue- Rose of Etigland(1930) 
cess, victory in the Derby itself Sun Chanot (1942) 
on Pinza in 1953, an achieve- StXeger 

ment crowned by* knight- Singapore (1930) 

Between 1925 and 1953 air 1.000 Guineas 

Gordon was champion jockey _ 

no fewer than 26 times, andm P^h093») 

1947 he established a record. Big Game (1942) 
which looks likely to stand for Tudor Minstrel (1947) 
aU time, of 269 winners in a 1,000 Gamezs 

season. Pat Eddery, this year’s Sun Chanot (1942) 
champion jockey, at the end of Queenpot (1948) 
an outstandingly successful feue Of All (1 951) 
season, foiled to reach his ^ v 

target of 200 winners. - 

His upright, unorthodox results. He was a .*P^ ne 
stvle. wfthatong, loose ran, ta ct ici an , always &vn*£ 
S&T few eye&ows among horse room to run, even wi 
nil^s-tSTtSyrouId haidly that meant switching to 
quarrel with the astonishing outside rather than^asiso| 

UK MM**" — — 

find a gap cm the rails.; 

His strength in a finish was 
such that it was said that he 
never lost a race which be 
should have won. He wa s also 
maided as an exceptionally 
straight and honest sports- 
man, something that endeared 
him still more to his admirers. 

Altogether he won 14 Clas- 
sic races and always said that 

the greatest horse he rode was 

the legendary fifty, Sun Char- 
iot on which he won the 1,000 
Guineas, the Oaks and the St 

near a village in 

d * ? nK?sta , e gpvem^t tas 
asked the semor BOVOTmcjt 

in the districts to qe 
meticulous in checking the rau 

lines in their areas. • 

Manoeuvres along the bor- 
der would not be un^. 
particularly .as ** — SPuS 
weather sets in, althongn it n 

reported that soawnyttaira 

love not been cancefted m«e 
swoop since Operation Bta- 
eatar, when tbe Army firrt 

mrV rnaiml of Puniab 3HO 

SpOame (1942) After his retirement he took 

Sun 1942) "S—f 

Queenpot (1948) r^y Beaverbrpok and Sir 

Belle Of All (1951) Michael Sobefl. 

■ " " Mr John Hislop, the owrar 

rpci1 i*c He was a supreme and breeder who. kn ew S ir 
tactician, always giving his Gordon well, said yesterday 
horse room to ran, even when dial his pathhad been toi^^ 
S AvMK tten ttat Of any damp.™ 
outside rather than, as is often whofoftowedfora- 

estar, when the Amy 
took control of Punjab and 
then seized the Golden Tem- 
ple of Amritsar. 

^Ihe only active area of the 
frontier with Pakistan recently 
has been in the fir frozen 

Sun manoi 
Queenpot (1948) 
Belle Of All (1951 


btnviu 1 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen holds an Investi- 
ture at Buckingham Pala«~ l *• 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother attends a ® 

Goldsmiths Hall in aid of the 
English-Speaking Union of the 
Commonwealth, 125. 

Princess Anne attends the 

council meeting of the National 
Council for Voluntary Youth 
Services on the occasion of the 
fiftieth anniversary of its 
foundation at the Town Hah, 
Islington, 1230; and vtats the 
Unity Centre. 235; the Beacon 
Youth Group, 230; Kintfs Cor- 
ner Project, 3.30, youth 
organizations belonging to the 
council; later attends the In- 
stitute of Marketing's seventy- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle N o 17,200 


fifth anniversary dinner at the 
Dorchester hotel and receives 

The Institute’s “Marketing 

Woman of the Year" award, 

princess Margaret. PtKident 
of the National Society ford* 
prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren. attends a luncheon at the 
given by TiMl- 
MAC pic in aid of the soaety, 

123 a 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 

Castle Ceramics, Trent Lane 
Industrial Estate, _ Castle 
Donington, 11.05; MPrcstoit 
ofthe 71000 Duke of Gloucester 
Preservation Society, re- 
commissions “The Duke of 
Gloucester” locomotive at the 
Great Central Railways 
Rothtey Station, .11.55; and 
visits Airmatrc Engineering Ltd, 
FQeby, 2.15; Cromaapn Ud, 
Fileby, 2.45; Mister Fox Ud, 
Hoton, 3.15; J- K&tttw&am 
and Son, WymeswokL 3.45, 
later attends a reception nren 
by the Courtauld Institute of Art 

TV top ten 

The pound 



1 A woman holding anti- 
nuclear assembly is unyield- 
ing (10). 

6 Try the buffet (4). 

9 Conflict with story about 
bird (10). 

10 Fight in the yard (4). 

12 I fled the country (4). 

13 Cheat many a character 
with meaningless talk (9). 

15 Gel ponies — else this resort 
will change (8). 

16 Order dual-purpose car (6). 
IS imported from abroad with- 
out referring to the auditor 
( 6 ). 

20 Sounding sour — soon 
changed (S). 

23 Continually clearing a laige 
shallow lake (9). 

24 A kick on the shin from a 
horse (4). 

26 Assistant with a fish (4). 

27 lo time, perhaps, spot bo- 
. comes perfectly clean (10). 

28 Abolishes tips (4). 

29 Girl, a non-drinker, went 
out alone (10). 

DOWN # . L t 

1 Principal kind of light horse 
( 4 )- 

2 National venue for 

Scotland's own actor (7). 

3 Kind of stage players - 
some get attached to them 

4 Tax return by one who 
works, say, for publican (a). 

5 In minority of one, perhaps, 
about a horse (6). 

7 A rate of speed, with broken 

oar. in a Graeco-Roman 
vessel (7). 

8 Gumption in the Nag’s bead 

11 Two residences, one in 
London (7,5). 

14 Announce cut in a surfeit 


17 A hot place, in the vernacu- 
lar, is a bargain (81 

19 Went too for with composer 
in party turn {Ti- 
ll Browning's chaffinch “sings 
on the — bough” (7). 

22 Alligator about upset many 

( 6 ). 

25 Some become addicted to 
drink (4). 

Solution io Pnzzle No 17,199 


uws { A depression will wove 
northeastwards across 

Fnghmd and Wales* 

6 am to iwhfoight 


mows € 55 ^ 

High Tides 


Around Britain 

Music competition 



Street, London, SW1A ILR 


a a a 3 a ^ 
unaoQcra au^ufoan 



rri n fm 

li in i3 . .. _ 

il pimvi n.jn/1 

□ □ g H u c 

Bognaan aMQDEg 

B!« 'L B’S-CI 

Concise Crossword page 18 

carriageway dosed for bridge 
joint sealing at junction 4 
(Hamilton and Bothwdi Ser- 
vices), two-way traffic on north- 
bound carnageway. M90: 
Repairs betwe en junctions 3 and 
4 (near Cowdenbeath), north- 
bound carriage way dosed, two- 

way traffic on southbound 
carriageway. A72D: Roadwraks 
at Colinion Bypass (Edinburgh), 
near Wester Hades Road, 
contraflow in operation. 

Information supplied by AA