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Europe backs 

ain over 
n terror 

• Europe delivered a stem rebuke to 

Syria, with all EEC except 

Greece agreeing to an arms sales Haw 

• EEC foreign ministers also agreed to 
impose tighter security on Syrian 
airline flights in and oat of Europe 

• The French Prime Minister fire 
times tried to “buy" the silence of a 
newspaper over the Hindawi case 

The kidnappers of three Frenchmen 

in Lebanon made an offer to free some 
of their hostages (Page 9) 

By Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspo nd ent 

All EEC nations except 
Greece yesterday approved an 
immediate arms sale ban and 
three other measures against 

Europe's stem rebuke will 

not starve Syria of arms, bnt is 
a major blow to the interna- 
tional standing of President 
Assad, whose denials of Syrian 
involvement in the Nezar 
Hindawi plot to blow up an El 
A! airliner were implicitly dis- 
missed by 10 of Britain's part- 

The decision, taken by the 
EEC foreign ministers in Lon- 
don, treats as true the evid- 
ence collected by the British 
security services and the Met- 
ropolitan Police. This showed 
involvement by President As- 
sad's secret service and by his 
Ambassador to London, Dr 
Loutof al-Hay-dar. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, said: “We 
wish to send Syria the clearest 
possible message that what 
has happened is absolutely un- 

The measures include a ban 

on high-level visits to Europe 
by Syrian officials, a review of 
the number of Syrian diplo- 
mats in Europe and their acti- 
vities, and tighter security pre- 
cautions surrounding arrivals 


Today’s police 
constables may be 
catching a 
poacher one day 
and coping with a 
riot the next. How 
are they trained? 

# Yesterday’s £4,000 
daily prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was won 
outright by Miss M 
Bergva) of Sheffield. 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 31; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 24. 

Molotov dead 

The former Soviet Foreign 
Minister. Mr Vyacheslav 
Molotov has died, official 
Soviet sources said last nighu 

Robson s 

Bobby Robson, the England 
football manager, said his 
tactics for tomorrow’s Euro- 
pean championship game 
against Yugoslavia would be 
centred on Glenn Hoddle, the 
midfield player dropped last 
week bv his club, Tottenham 
Hotspur Pag* 

England saved 

Bad light and an unbeaten 
innings of 40 by lan Botham 
helped the England cnckei 
team avoid defeat agung 
Western Australia Page4» 

Credit record 

Borrowing by _sboppers. 
particularly with bank credit 
cards, reached a 
billion in September, as retail 
sales continued to boons^ ^ 

More and more companies are 
using academic research. 10 
create new business in Britain. 
A Special Report on a**™: 
Ogy transfer Pages 36-38 

Home News 2-7 

AppfS » 

Arts 15 

Births, deaths, 

^aniages -3 
Business 23oi 

Crasswwd* !8 - 2 ^ 


La* reports 

Sale Room 

West her 2* 

ft * 

ft ft ft SL 

and departures of Syrian air- 
liners in Europe. 

Greece refused to associate 
itself with the measures, but 
did not possess a veto, because 
each capital will treat the 
measures as national action. 

Mr Theodoras Pangalos, 
the Greek Minister of Euro- 

Offer on hostages 9 

Leading article 21 

pean Affairs, declined to say 
whether he believed the Brit- 
ish or the Syrian version of the 
Hindawi affair. 

He said Greece's decision to 
dissociate itself would have 
little practical effect “We do 
not sell aims to Syria, we do 
not expect to receive visits, 
and we already control their 
embassies and airline very 
tightly," he said. 

M Jean-Bernard Raimond, 
the French Foreign Minister, 
said be did not interpret the 
sanctions as a rebake to the 
Syrian Government only to 
“some Syrians". 

He said: “it does not im- 
plicate the Syrian Govern- 
ment it implicates some 
Syrians and sends a clear 

message to the Syrian Govern- 
ment that the activities of 
those Syrians are unaccept- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe made it 
ctear that he did notaccepttbe 
French distinction between 
the Syrian Government and 
“some Syrians”. 

• An embarrassed and muted 
France yesterday weathered 
the EEC foreign ministers' 
meeting in London, in spite of 
the publication of damaging 
remarks made by M Jacques 
Chirac, the French Prime 
Minister, about his European 
partners in an American news- 
paper (Nicholas Beeston 

Although France voted to 
accept the a four-point sanc- 
tions package against Syria, M 
Chirac, in an interview pub- 
lished verbatim in The Wash- 
ington Times said he shared 
die view that the plot to Mow 
up an El A! jet was master- 
minded by Mossad, the Israeli 
intelligence agency, conjunc- 
tion with breakaway elements 
in Damascus. 

Diplomatic sources believe 
M Chirac and the French 
Government were let off the 
hook by their EEC allies 
because of France's decision 
to comply with Britain's lim- 
ited sanctions package against 

Editor says Chirac 
tried to 

. - . • From Michael Biayoa, Wash in gton 
M Jacques Chirac, the the interview. Hewasnadyat 

a later stage to praise Mr de 

French Prime Minister, made 
five separate approaches to 
The Washington Times in an 
attempt to “buy" its silence 
and stop publication of an 
interview in which he sug- 
gested thelsraeli secret service 
was behind the Hindawi plot 
to blow up an El A1 airliner in 

Mr Arnaud de Borchgrave, 
the editor of the paper, said in 
a front-page article explaining 
bis decision to publish the text 
that M Chirac made his 
approaches through 

One, who claimed he spoke 
with the authority of M 
Chirac's chief of staff, said 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, of 
West Germany, wanted a joint 
Franco-German denial of the 
story. M Chirac would refuse 
this’ provided The Wash- 
ington Times did not publish 

Borchgrave's ‘integrity and 


The paper said that Paris 
had threatened that : the 
interview were publisher Jiey 
would denounce it as a “plot" 
organized by the CIA and the 
Unification Church, the 
followers of the Reverend Sun 
Moon who own the news- 
paper. . . 

The text of the interview, 
conducted in French, makes it 
dear that M Chirac stated that 
Chancellor Kohl believed the 
B Al plot was probably in- 
stigated by Israel . 

Mr Chirac said: “Let’s take 
the Syrian affair. I spoke to 
both Kohl and Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher about iL l don’t go 
as far as they do, but their 
thesis is that die Hindawi plot 
was a provocation designed to 
embarrass Syria. 





By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 
The Prime Minister left 
open all her general election 
options last night when die 
addressed the Lord Mayor’s 
Banquet in the Guildhall. 

Despite widespread predic- 
tions that she would use the 
occasion to damp down 
speculation about an early 
election, Mrs Thatcher’s only 
reference to the subject was 
that she would not step down 
early in the next Parliament 
should she be re-elected. She 
(old her audience that she 
hoped to stay around as Prime 
Minister for “a good few years 

Apparently. Mrs Thatcher 
believes MPs and com- 
mentators are so obsessed 
with the thought of an early 
election that nobody would 
take any notice if she did rule 
it out. Some MPs. neverthe- 
less, were puzzled that she did 
not fellow the lead of Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, who tried to 
scotch early election stories 
during a Sunday broadcast. 

The Prime Minister has not 
changed her view that electors 
do not take kindly to admin- 
istrations that choose to go to 
the polls more than a year 
before their five-year term is 
up. That would indicate that 
the earliest date she has in 
mind for an election is next 

The Prime Minister showed 
some nervousness about the 
City's reaction to the 
Chancellor’s Autumn State- 
ment on the relaxing of spend- 
ing targets, emphasizing that 
even though spending was to 

Autumn poD likely 20 

rise in 1987-88 it would stffl 
continue to fell as a propor- 
tion of national income. She 
stressed that there would be 
no increase required in public 
borrowing to accomodate the 
increase in spending. She 
underlined the Government's 
intention to continue driving 
down inflation saying; “We 
shall not betray the prudent f 
prikjes which haw been the 
hallmark of this government". 

Since 1981, Mrs Thatcher 
said, the British economy had 
grown faster than that of 
France, Italy and Germany. 
There had been an increase in 
national income every year 
since then. 

Mrs Thatcher again pledged 
herself to a crusade for popu- 
lar capitalism and to the 
creation of a meritocratic 
society in a tribute to the 
expertize that lay behind the 
City's Big Bang. 

Financial services were now 
one of Britain’s major in- 
dustries, employing more than 
a million people, and the City 
contributed a surplus of £7.5 
billion a year to the country's 
Foreign earnings, she said. The 
fact that the number of Ameri- 
can banks here rivalled the 
number in New York was 
proof that they and many 
others from Europe and the 
Far East gave Britain and its 
prospects a triple-A rating. 




A senior dealer at Morgan 
Grenfell Securities, part of 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, last night handed 
in bis resignation after what 
was described as “a breach of 
staff rules.” ... 

Morgan Grenfell Securities 
Holdings said that, “following 
his admitted breach of staff 
rules. Mr Geoffrey W Collier 
has tendered his resignation as 
a director of that company 
and its affiliated companies 
and that such resignation has 
been accepted with immediate 

The bank. said that the 
whole matter had been re- 
ported to the Stock Exchange 
which would decide what 
further action, ff any. should 

Big TV campaign 
to combat Aids 

By Thomson Prentice and Philip Webster 
Government ministers are should be. If agreement is 

expected to approve at a 
Cabinet meeting today a tele- 
vision campaign on Aids and 
the spending of millions of 
pounds more on education 
about the risks of the disease. 

The inaugural meeting of 
the committee, set up to tackle 

Leading article 


the problems of controlling' 
the spread of Aids, will have 
the question of television 
advertising at the top of its 
agenda. The campaign, strong- 
ly advocated by health ex- 
perts, now seems certain to go 

The difficulty ministers face 
is agreeing on how explicit the 
messages about “safe sex” 

reached, the campaign could 
be launched early next year. 

At least £5 million more is 
likely to be spent on news- 
paper advertisements and the 
distribution of Aids advice 
leaflets to every household. 

Tbe committee, chaired by 
Lord Whitelaw, has among its 
members the Soria) Services 
Secretary, Mr Norman 
Fowler, the Home Secretary, 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Foreign 
Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Defence Minister, Mr 
George Younger, and the 
Scottish, Welsh and Northern 
Ireland SecretariesJts power- 
ful composition is seen as an 
indication of the importance 
the Government is now giving 
to the Aids problem. 

Threat to throw prison warder off roof 

-,i -Virye&t 

S "v. ^ 

• * 

The captive warder, bottom left, sits and listens as his captors threaten to threw him off the roof of Peterfeeci Jc::. 

Baker steps into 
teachers’ talks 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education, 
last night carried out his threat 
to intervene in the teachers’ 
pay dispute by telling local 
authority employers he would 
not accept the deal under 
discussion at Nottingham. 

His intervention came as 
the talks went into their third 
night with no signs that a deal 
was in sight. 

Mr John Pearmas. leader of 

the employers, said be was 
“very angry” after Mr Baker's 
message was conveyed to neg- 
otiators by civil servants at the 

The talks on the future of 
teachers' pay and conditions 
had earlier faced the prospect 
of breakdown. 

This followed threats by 
some Conservative education 
authorities to leave the Acas- 
sponsored negotiations be- 
cause of fears about the cost of 
the final :-ettIemen:. 

Further trouble also ap- 
peared in store after the 
leaching unions and tfcelr 
employers decided to proceed 
with the basic framework on 
salary structure agreed at Cov- 
entry in July, which Mr Baker 

Mr John Pcannan. Ie3der of 
the Labour-led authorities, 
said the Tory threat to walk 
out was “blatant political ma- 
noeuvring.” The decision to 
adopt the Coventry model 
followed a stark choice put to 
the unions earlier in the day 
by Mr Peatman: either nego- 
tiate with the employers or 
with the government. 




By Peter Evans. Heme Affairs Correspondent 

Sir Gordon 

By John Young 

Sir Gordon Richards, prob- 
ably the world's greatest 
jockey, died suddenly yes- 
terday al his borne in 
Kintbury, Berkshire. He was 

The Queen, whose horse he 
beat to win the 1953 Corona- 
tion Year Derby and fulfil a 
lifelong ambition, spoke of her 
“great sadness" at his death. 

Buckingham Palace said the 
Queen would send a private 
message to Sir Gordon's 



Tributes to SLrGordon. who 
rode 4,870 winners in a career 
spanning 35 years, poured in 
last night. 

Willie Carson, the top 
jockey, described him as “the 
best jockey ever — he was pure 
magic. I rate him the greatest 
of all riders through history”. 

And Lester Piggott. who 
took over Sir Gordon's man- 
tle, said: “He was the best of 

C on ti n ned on page 24, col 2 

Sandhurst Sultan hosts royal visit 

From Alan Hamilton 
Muscat, Oman 

ringed harbour between the 
ancient twin Portugese forts of 
Jalali and MeranL 
The Prince and Princess of Sultan Qaboos bin Said al 
Wales today begin a tour of Said, an enthusiastic anglo- 
the Middle East with a four- phile. usurped his father in 
day visit to the Sultanate of 1970 and inherited an til-de- 

Otnaa, one of Britain's closest 
rema ining allies in the region, 
which is ruled by a Sultan 
trained at Sandhurst and in 
the Camcronians and who has 
a house in Berkshire. 

The royal couple travelled 
to Muscat aboard an RAF 
VC10 from Brize Norton, 
Oxfordshire, shadowed for 
part of its journey by an RAF 
Nimrod and two Phantom 

. The couple arrived in Mus- 
cat late last night and trans- 
ferred to the Royal Yacht 
Britannia, which is to arrive 
todav in Muscat's mountain- 

fined south-east corner of the 
Arabian peninsula roughly the 
size of Britain, mostly inhos- 
pitable desert except for its 
coastal plain. 

He used oil money to build 
a modern state, imposing 
concrete, asphalt, education, 
health and consumerism on 
the inhabitants of his lunar 
landscape, while staying neu- 
tral is the Gulf War and 
selling his oil outside the 
confines cf Opcc. Oman has 
no diplomatic relations with 
Syria or Libya, 

The Prince and Princess will 
see the most soectacuiar vis- 

ible fruit of his modernization 
policy, the £360 million 
Qaboos university, officially 
opened on Sunday, and one of 
the most luxurious student 
campuses in the world. . 

The Prince will meet repre- 
sentatives of the 1 0,000-slrong 
British community in Oman 
and the Princess will meet 
Omani women, who by Islam- 
ic standards are liberated, do 
not cover their faces, and are 
allowed to compete for all but 
the top jobs on equal terms 
with men. 

The Princess has been ad- 
vised, however, that a degree 
of decorum in her dress is ad- 
visable. Anns bare to the el- 
bow, and a mid-length skirt 
below the knee, will cause no 
offence, but she has been told 
to avoid bare shoulders or any 
suggestion of cleavaee. As her 

tour progresses towards its fin- 
al destination, Saudi Arabia, 
her dress requirements will 
become markedly stricter. 

The tour is the first official 
visit to Oman by any member 
of the royal family since the 
Queen included it on her 
Arabian tour of 1979. Since 
then Sultan Qaboos has paid a 
return state visit to London. 

Oman has been hit by 
felling oil revenues ana 
production is down from a 
peak of 600,000 barrels per 
day last year to less than 
550,000. Other valuable liq- 
uids. chiefly of a Scottish 
highland origin, are available 
in Oman, unlike stricter Is- 
lamic states, but the Prince 
and Princess of Wales are 
about to suffer a surfeit of 
Arabian coffee. 

CBI called 
by Labour 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 
A fierce Labour attack on the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry for its “political 
hypocrisy" was delivered yes- 
terday — the first day of the 
organization’s annual con- 
ference in Bournemouth. 

Mr John Smith. Shadow 
Trade and Industry spokes- 
man, attending the conference 
as an observer said that Mr 
David Nickson. the CBI presi- 
dent, was wrong to say in his 
speech that the organization 
was non-political. 

This year, the CBI leader- 
ship has been more outspoken 
than before in supporting 
Conservative policies. 

Mr Smith said that remarks 
made by. Sir Terence Beckett, 
director general of the CBI. in 
an interview with The Times 
last week that a Labour Gov- 
ernment would mean “a re- 
turn to the mayhem of the 
1970s” were silly. 

In sharp contrast to Mr 
Smith's comments, the con- 
ference was treated to a mes- 
sage of reconciliation and a 
plea for collaboration from Mr 
Gavin Laird, general secretary 
of the Amalgamated Engineer- 
ing Union and the first trade 
unionist to speak at a CBI 

He told the 700 delegates of 
the need for a union-industry 
partnership to “make our 
country raoresuccessful, more 
competitive, to be seen to- 
gether as advocates in those 
tilings that we have in 

Mr Laird, who received 
prolonged applause, said: 
“Trade union leaders want to 
deal with successful firms not 
ones constantly on the 
breadline — our joint 
Two resolutions calling for 
an industrial strategy' and 
Britain's entry to the exchange 
rate mechanism of the Euro- 
pean Monetary System were 
passed almost unanimously. 

Conference reports, page 4 
Gavin Laird, page 29 

Life after Sidney, page 25 

Security in British jails 
worsened yesterday with three 
prisoners, one a murderer, on 
the run ar.d a prison officer 
held hostage for a second day 
at top security Peterhead 
Prison, near Aberdeen. 

Inmates holding the officer 
brought him out on to the roof 
before watching reporters and 
threatened to throw him off 
unless they were allowed ac- 
cess to a telephone. 

His captors shouted: “Get 
us a phone cr he gets it.” Two 
chalk messages the appeared 
on the' roof- “we want 
phene" and “phone or 

Some wearing hoods to 
conceal their identity, they 
shouted their threat to report- 
ers outside the jail, which 
houses some of Britain's most 
violent criminals. 

The inmates are believed to 
be protesting about alleged 
brutality at the jail. 

Last night. Mr inn Lang. 
Scottish Office Miaisier for 
Home Affairs. saJd he had 
asked Mr Tom 5v;ers. :hc 
Chief inspector o? Prisons, to 
visit Peterhead to lock I'to 
alleged pw*. s. 

The convicted murder:.* — 
Norman Dav id. ajed 57, 
absconded yesterday from 
Sudburv open prison in 
Derbyd-i“: .he 

worst security re.vra :rt 
country. Last year. $6 pris- 
oners absconded. 

Two inmates frora 
Eriestake youth custody 
centre, near Devizes. -V di- 
shire. were on the run yes- 
terday after cutting their -.ay 
through a perimeter 

rapist seateEic&i. 

John Steed, the mechanic 
from south London, 
who was dubbed the M4 rapist 
after a series of attacks on 
women in southern England 
last autumn, was given four 
life sentences, plus 20 years 
imprisonment, at the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday, by 
Sir James Miskin. QC. the 
Recorder of London. 

Later the same judge im- 

posed two lire ^-nt.T.cas cr. 
Robert Dempster, u .-.o admit- 
ted raping mo w; .r.cri wimjr 
five days’ in con after 

being freed fr:rr. j_\. 

The Recorder tele’ 
Dempster: ’’Yei; red: y ;ur 
victims inauize r, - -c>- *g 
filth. My duty is l? rrsvjiv. :.v 
protection cf v.-imer,. You are 
a menace to them." 

Cbifdhoad hsrr", 3 

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£l.lm plea for 
hard-hit palaces 

Tbe Department of Broronmait has asked the 
Government for an extra £1.1 mfllion to make np for tosses 
at London's royal palaces this summer, as terrorism fears 
kept thousands of American tourists away. 

Woret hit was the Tower of London, where foe number of 
visitors rt ik summer fell hy 4ML000 to 1^4IJ)00, 
compared with last year. At Hampton Court numbers ware 
down from 1,710,000 to 1310 , 000 , partly because sum 
would-be visitors believed the palace had been compsteif 
destroyed by a fire which to feet damaged only some parts 
of the hoOding. , . . 

Lord Skelmersdale, a junior iBBister for flie wniw- 
ment, said rhar the extra money was the minimum 
necessary to cover a shortfall in receipts and emergency 
expenditure of £100,000 after the Hampton Court Palace 



Hundreds of “loyalists” 
attended the launch last 
night of the Ulster Resis- 
tance Movement which 
aims to mobilize thousands 
of men in protests against 
tbe Anglo-Irish Agree- 

Mr lan Paisley, leader of 
tbe Democratic Unionist 
Party, was at the ceremony 
in tbe Ulster Hall, Belfast, 
at which Protestant clergy- 
men dedicated nine stan- 

IRA van 

Police in tbe Irish 
Republic yesterday discov- 
ered a van containing four 
mortars, hidden to a barn 
four miles from tbe border 
by the Provisional IRA. 

The roof had been cat off 
the vehicle, which was 
found near Swanlto Bar to 
Co C&vanjn preparation 
for an attack on security 
forces across tbe border. 
No ammnaitkm was discov- 
ered hot a CB radio was to 
the Ulster-registered van. 

NGA fined £4,000 

A High Court judge gave a sharp warning yesterday to 
trade onions which “drag their feet” to obeying court 
orders when he fined tbe National Graphical Association 
£4,000 for contempt of court. 

Mr Justice Henry said tbe muon knew it had to comply 
with an older to lift its blacking Distraction on Kent Free 
Press last September, but bad deckled to do it in its “own 
good time”. 

He found the union to be responsible for the actions of 
Mr Ray Allen, Kent branch secretary, and Mr Adrian 
Ratcliffee, his deputy, and the “grudging compliance" with 
the order JHle ordered the union to pay the costs of tbe ac- 
tion and gave it seven days to pay the fine. 

for singer 

Jay Aston, aged 25, a 
former Bocks Fizz singer, 
won tibel damages in tbe 
High Court to London 
yesterday over allegations 
in the Daily Mirror and the 
Dotty Star that she tried to 
steal her boss's has band. 

The allegations were 
said to have formed part of 
a letter sent by the singer to 
Bocks Fizz creator, 

Nichols Martin, and her 
songwriting husband, Andy 
Hill. They appeared to the 
two newspapers on July 26 
last year. The newspapers 
now recognized their mis- 
take and agreed to pay tbe 
undisclosed damages. 

TV team chosen 

Miss Sheila tones, the controller of BBC educational 
broadcasting since 1984, has been named chief executive of 
tbe new Open College, which intends to produce television 
programmes and comse materials to teach the unemployed 
marketable skills. 

Mr John Whitney, director-general of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority, and Mr Jeremy Isaacs, chief 
executive of Channel 4, were named directors. 

The Open College, which is seeking charitable status, 
hopes to be broadcasting by September 1987. 

Future of 
for review 

By Peter Davenport 
Defence Correspondent 
An inquiry into the future of 
the Brigade of Gurkhas after 
Britain returns Hong Kong to 
Chinese rule in 1997 is to be 
held by the House or Com- 
mons Defence Committee. 

Sir Humphrey Atkins, 
chairman of the committee, 
said yesterday that it was 
important to begin consid- 
ering the implications for the 
Brigade, after the end of 
British sovereignty over the 

The committee expects to 
begin the investigation early 
in the new year and produce a 
report by Easter. 

Of the 8300 Gurkhas cur- 
rently serving with the British 
Army, 5,500 are stationed in 
Hong Kong. 

One of the colony’s four 
battalions, which was formed 
in 1980 to combat an upsurge 
in illegal immigration from 
China, is due to be disbanded 
next year. The Ministry of 
Defence intends that there will 
be no compulsory redun- 

The Government is 
committed to a continuing 
role for the Gurkhas after 
1997, but the view within the 
Ministry of Defence is that it 
is too early to say how many of 
the troops will be needed or 
where they will serve. 

It is government policy that 
they do not serve in Northern 
Ireland, partly because of the 
language problem, and, at the 
request of the Nepalese 
authorities, that they are not 
stationed in West Germany. 

Pay action 
threat at 

By Tim Jones 

British Telecom employees 
were last night on a collision 
course with the company, 
after the clerical section of the 
National Communications 
Union voted by three to one to 
reject a 5 per cent pay offer. 

Last week, the engineering 
section, responsible for install- 
ing and repairing telephones 
and other telecommunication 
equipment, also voted 
overwhelmingly to reject the 
5.8 per cent offer made to 

The union is pressing for a 
10 per cent rise, claiming 
their demands are justified in 
view of British Telecom's 
“huge profits". 

The union's national exec- 
utive committee are to meet 
later this week to determine 
what form of industrial action 
to sanction, They could im- 
pose 24 hour stoppages or ban 

Chinook crash ‘caused by one-off fault’ 

By Harvey Elliott 

Air Correspondent 

Three Chinook helicopters, 
identical to the one which 
crashed off the Sheilands, 
could be back in full operation 
soon, but with important 
modifications. . __ 

British International Heli- 
copters is awaiting the “ail 

worst commercial helicopter 
disaster killed 45 oilmen last 

Accident investigators are 
close to proving that the 
m echanical fault which caused 
lire huge Boding 234 to fell 
from the sky was a “one-off” 
and was not caused by an 
inherent design feult. 

But to prevent a reoccur- 

ckar" from tbe Civil Aviation jjjgy *vjn want to ensure 
Authority to restart pass engpr thatihe other three helicopters 
flights to North Sea Oil ngs, 0 f a s imilar design in the fleet 
suspended since Britain s ^ and modified 

They have recovered all but 
a tiny portion of tire crashed 
helicopter’s Stmt gearbox and 
rear combiner. They are con- 
vinced the feult ties in one of 

These will be taken to the 
Accident Investigati&n 
Brandi headquarters at Farn- 
borougb, Hampshire, for de- 
tailed examination. 

Once , tire precise cause of 
the decadent is known, tire 
Civil Aviation Authority wSI 

be told and it, in turn, will 
advise the owners that it is 
safe to begin flying the sister 

aircraft in their fleet. 

nary report and that we will be 

able to get our helicopters 

Although it is almost certain 

British International de- ^^ftoheficop tor's 
tided to stop all. P 8 ® 60 ** machinery foiled, it is not 

flints with tbe foiled. 

the first miesrun repeat of the 

accident board was made The tnvestigtrtore at 


Last night. Captain Graham 
Church, for the company, 
said: “We expect that tire 
board will produce a preunu- 

boroogh will subject pare of 
the rotor transmission system 
to metaflmgical res is and in- 
spect the aircraft’s mainte- 
nance record. 

Plan to cut 
mortgage aid 
for jobless 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
The Government is to con- add to the recent 

sider whether it should bade 
down on its plan to cut 
mortgage assistance for un- 
employed homeowners in the 
face of a critical response to its 
proposal from the indepen- 
dent Social Security Advisory 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, and other senior 
ministers are pressing for the 
change, aimed at saving £30 
million a year. But the Gov- 
ernment would face an 
Opposition outcry if, for the 
second time in five months, it 
disregarded the independent 
committee set up in 1980 to 
advise ministers. 

Under the plan, tabled in 
May. homeowners who be- 
come unemployed would 
have only half their mortgage 
interest paid through supple- 
mentary benefit. At the mo- 
ment the foil amount is paid 
for the first six months after 
the job is lost. 

In the forore after the 
announcement, ministers 
were at pains to emphasize 
that the plan was only for 
consultation and that it had 
gone to the committee, the 
main advisory body for Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services. The 
committee’s report is under- 
stood to express strong 

The proposal brought pro- 
tests from a wide range of 
bodies, including some which 
argued that the plan would 

to the recent rise in. 
mortgage arrears and. 

The committee voiced 
strong doubts earlier this year 
over the Government's plans 
to cut “exceptional needs" 
payments to 
benefit claimants! But 
Fowler disregarded the major- 
ity of its reservations when he 
made his decision in July. 

Ministers are shortly to 
decide how to respond to the 
mortgage protection dilemma. 

A “halfway house” plan, 
under which the time for 
which the interest payments 
were halved was reduced to 
three months, appears most 

The attraction for ministers 
is that cutting the period by 
half would not in feet halve 
the savings the Government is 
attempting to make, because 
most of the benefit at present 
goes to people unemployed for 
only a few weeks. 

That, however, would still 
lay it open to strong attack 
from the Opposition. Mr Mi- 
chael Meacher, the shadow 
social services secretary, said 
in May that the plan would 
sentence thousands of people 
to homelessness as a penalty 
for being unemployed. 

Mr Lawson. after the de- 
cision in the autumn state- 
ment to overshoot public 
spending targets, is anxious 
not to give the impression that 
the Government is easing up 
on other fronts as welL 

Auditor rejects 
DHSS accounts 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 
A Commons investigation 4.3 per cent overspend 

is to be launched into tbe 
accounting system of the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security after a remark- 
able decision by Sir Gordon 
Downey, the Comptroller and 
Auditor General, not to en- 
dorse its key annual accounts. 

The decision, disclosed yes- 
terday, will lead to the 
department's top officials be- 
ing called before the Public 
Accounts Committee early in 
the New Year to explain why 
there are no reliable break- 
downs of how much is paid 
out under each of more than 
30 social service benefits. 

The DHSS paid out a total 
of £36.5 billion in benefits last 
year, but relies on “estimates 
and statistical analysis 
methods" to decide how much 
of that total went in contribu- 
tory benefits financed by the 
National Insurance Fund and 
how much in non-contribu- 
tory benefits financed by the 
taxpayer, and how much was 
paid out under each benefit. 

Sir Gordon's report says 
these methods may lead to 
“significant misalloca lions". 

He refers to “evidence of 
inconsistencies between statis- 
tical information from dif- 
ferent sources”, and suggests 
that the breakdown of the 
£36.5 billion “is subject to a 
higher margin of uncertainty 
than usual". 

His comments are thrown 
into sharp relief by subsequent 
references to a £3 13 million or 


supplementary benefits, and a 
£23 million overspend on 
housing benefits. Both had 
been caused by inaccurate 

Mr Robert Sheldon, chair- 
man of the PAC and a former 
financial secretary to the Trea- 
sury, said yesterday that for 
the auditor not to endorse a 
department’s accounts was 
rare and most serious. 

“We shall want to have the 
DHSS before the committee 
and we shall expect them to 
show us bow they are putting 
this right for the future”, he 
said. “We shall be wanting 
some pretty convincing 

In evidence to the auditor, 
the DHSS has long argued that 
several benefit payments are 
often made to individuals in 
one transaction, and that ac- 
curate breakdowns of pay- 
ments under each benefit 
system could therefore be 
acquired only at dispropor- 
tionate cost This approach 
bad been "accepted" by the 
PAC in 1979/80. The auditor 
has consistently pressed the 
DHSS for an improved 

9 Customs and Excise have 
written off VAT arrears of 
£203 million owed by com- 
panies that have gone out of 
business during 1985/86. the 
auditor revealed in a separate 
report yesterday. This is a 
7 per cent increase on the 
previous year's figure. 

TUC chief calls for partnership 

Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the TUC called 
last night for trade unionists to 
become more involved in 
company pfenning. 

He said: “Properly under- 
stood. this is an opportunity 
for management, not a threat 
to management. Any indus- 
trial policy that foils to cany 
conviction with those who 
work in industry is doomed to 
failure, so a key element in the 
industrial policy equation is 
industrial democracy" 

Mr Willis added: “In order 
to enhance the success of such 
a policy, there needs to be a 
true commitment to the tri- 
partite approach to pfenning. 
We need agreed development 
plans between the Govern- 
ment, companies and trade 
unions to cover crucial issues 
such as employment, output 
and prices." 

. He claimed the various 
training and job creation 
schemes now in operation 
were not sufficient and that 

new measures should give all 
workers rights to training and 

These could be financed, he 
said, by the establishment of a 
National Enterprise Board 
and National Investment 
Bank. “These two institutions 
together will play a key role 
. “Although it is true that 
there is no shortage of money 
to invest, there is an increas- 
ing trend for fewer and fewer 
resources to be invested in 
British industry. 



10th-14th DECEMBER 1986 



Mis Queeuie Fletcher, the 
mother Woman Police Con- 
stable Yvonne Fletcher who 
was murdered by a Libyan 
gBnnzan, showing some of tbe 
thousands of letters she has 
received as part of her cam- 
paign to get “all civilized 

governments" to stop the 
abuse of diplomatic immunity. 

Next January she aad her 
husband. Tun, of Shaftesbury, 
Wiltshire, will join other Brit- 
ish families who have been 
victims of diplomatic crimes, 
at a special conference at the 
United Nations General Ass- 

In London yesterday, the 
parents of the WPC murdered 
more than two years ago 
outside the Libyan Embassy in 
London, spoke of the “over- 
whelming" support for foe 
campaign they hare vowed not 

to give up until the laws 
governing diplomatic immu- 
nity are changed. 

They will present a petition 
to Mrs Thatcher next month 
and hope it will cany a miBioii 

the petition's British 
launch, at feast 180,000 sig- 
natures have flooded in, tort 
the campaign's main or- 
ganizer, Mr Chock Ashman, 
an American journalist who 
has spent the past foar years 
compiling an international 
dossier on 400 victims of 
diplomatic crimes, said yes- 
terday he hoped at least me 
rafllion signatures would be on 
the petition. 

Similar petitions have bees 
latmched in Australia, Canada 
and a national petition will be 
dreufatfed throughout the 
United States later this week. 

Sogat plea 
for levy 
In cash 

By Staff Reporters 

Members of Britain’s hugest 
print union, Sogat ’82, were 
warned last night that it was 
faced with fi^nrirjal ruin no- 
tes they agreed to the in- 
troduction of a 58p weekly 
levy for six months to support 
their colleagues in dispute 
with News International. 

The warning was delivered 

secretary, at a rally called to 
support the 5,500 print work- 
ers who went on strike and 
were dismissed last January. 

According to Miss Dean, 
the union’s “very being” is 
threatened by News Inter- 
national, which could render 
Sogat “bankrupt” if it sued for 
Hamflg «w; against injunctions 
the company has been granted 
in the High Court. 

Arising from the sequestra- 
tion ofits assets, the onion 
feces a £1.5 million bill and 
has already spent about £1 
million in dispute benefit 

la additi on, the union could 
foce costs of up to £1 million if 
tbe company sues for dam- 

Sotne union activists are 
concerned that their campaign 
is losing impetus because of 
tbe growing number of former 
employees who have 
preached the company 
derails of individual settle- 

More than 1,300 have al- 
ready responded to a letter 
from Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
company chapman, and the 
deadline for acceptance has 
been extended 

Mr Murdoch has made it 
dear there win be no further 
negotiations with the unions. 
• A survey yesterday of the 
branch public libraries in the 
London Boroughs of Camden 
and- Hammersmith and Phi- 
ham disclosed that all are now 
making copies of The Times 
available to their readers, after 
tiie High Court rulmgordering 
the authorities to end their 
lan. • 

In die case of the third 
authority affected by the tid- 
ing, Eating, the council de- 
cided at the weekend to make 
the papers available. 

The following is a list of 
branches where The Times 
and Tte Sun are available: 
CAMDEN Jiigh Hoiborn C The 
Timesk Hoiborn, both; Robert 
Street, (The Times Camden 
Town, both; Chalk Farm, nei- 
ther available to morning but 
(The Times} obtained later, 
Bdsize, both; Swiss Cottage, 
neither “at the moment but we 
will have them”; Kilbarn, both; 
Kentish Town, dosed far 
renovations; Queens Crescent 
and Heath branches, both; West 
Hampstead (The Times h St 
Pancras, temporarily dosed. 

HAM: Shepherds Bush, (The 
Times}-, Askew Road, both; 
Hammersmith Centre, - (The 
Times; no Sun, but normally 
stocked); Clem Attlee, both 
titles; Fulham, both; Barons 
Court, bath; Munster, Fulham 
Palace Road, both; Sands End 
(The Times}, 2a The Curve (The 

Subscription TV 

Special sockets are the key 

By Jonathan MiUer, Media Correspondent 
Tbe firm of consultants once, as it coutt rate years for sporting events, 


hired by the Home Office to 
explore a “pay-per-view” 
financing scheme is likely to 
recommend legislation requir- 
ing television manu fa cturers 
to begin equipping sets with 
the “peri television” sockets 
necessary for reception of 
subscription broadcasts. 

In an interview on BBC 
Radio yesterday, Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
confirmed that the Govern- 
ment hopes to introduce 
subscription TV to replace the 
licence fee. 

He denied tha t the sy stem 
would cause programmers to 
become more preoccupied 
with ratings, saying that pay- 
per-view TV would cater for 
minority audiences. It would 
not create a mass _ down- 
market audience, he said. 

Mr Charles Jonscher, man- 
aging director of CSP Inter- 
national, the firm hired at a 
fee of more than £100,000 to 
look into subscription TV, 
said in an interview yesterday 
that periteteviaon sockets 
were the key-to implementing 
a new subscription service. 

The sockets would allow 

the majority of sets now in use 
to be replaced by models with 
thespecial socket. 

The Peacock report on 
financing the BBC, which 
recommended that periteto- 
vision sockets be fitted to all 
sets sold after January 1988, 
estimated the additional cost 
per set al £25. 

CSP, in order to develop its 
recommendation to the Gov- 
ernment, has begun studying 
various technologies which 
could be used. 

- Next month, the firm wifi 
begin a series of interviews 
with consumers to find out 
whether they would be willing 
to accept a subscription 

Tbe study .wifi use a dif- 
ferent technique than the Na- 
tional Opinion Poll comm- 
issioned by the Peacock 
Committee, which found that 
most people would not be 
willing to pay even as much as 
the present licence fee if 
payment became voluntary. 

Mr Jonscher said research- 
ers would not poB hundreds of 
consumers but would as- 

could be 
made available at a premium. 

Professor Alan Peacock, 
yesterday weteomed the news 
that the Government favours 
his recommendation for a 
voluntary subscription financ- 
ing scheme to replace tbe 
licence fee. The BBC, how- 
ever, has opposed subscrip- 
tions and wants the licence fee 
to continue. 

The survey conducted by 
National Opinion Polls for the 
Peacock Committee sho wed 
that the public would be 
willing to pay for the BBC by 
subscription only if the price 
was lower than the present 
licence fee. 

While 77 per ceni would be 
willing to pay 6(h) weekly, 
about half the present licence 
fee of £58* only 45 per cent 
said they would be mUiog to 
pay £1.20 a week, which is 
£4.40 a year more than the 
licence fee. 

If the BBC sought to raise 
the price ofits servioe to £1.50 
per week, or£20 more than the 
current fee, only 24 par cent 
said they would be willing to 
pay. At £2 per week, or £46 per 

_ Semite small “focus 

consumers to-ptog to special at which the possibilities' of year more than the licence, 
eauioment to provide a subscription TV would be only 10 percent would be 

j — :« wflnng topay. 

■ But Professor Peacock said 
the figures were misleading. 
**You are putting what for 
most people is a very hypo- 
thetical question.; You are 
a sking than what they would 

mechanism for consumers to 
select the programmes 
wished, aad be. billed 

Jonscher said that if 
subscription TV was found to 
be technically and economi- 
cally feasible, it would be 
important to start preparing at 

explained in detail 
He said that a move to a 
technically sophisticated sub- 
scription system could allow 
the- BBC to introduce flexible 
pricing. The two basic BBC 
TV services could be sold 

together or separately. Special <fo in rinauasiaaces they find 
features, such as fibnsor it difficult to envisage." 

on Hatton 

By Otcr Chief Pofitical 

■ Correspondent 

Labour councillors in Liver- 
pool have been given two 
weeks to recognize the expuj- 
sion from the party of Mr 
Derek Hat&m and other lead- 
ing Militant supportere, or 
fa re stem disciplinary action 

Tbe ultimatum, decideo on 
yesterday by Labour's appeals 
an d mediation committee, 
throws up the prospect of a 
further battle between the 
Labour leadership and the 
Liverpool Militants, if the 
rebel councillors refuse to 
bade down, with the possibfi- 
ity of more - expulsions of 
members who refose to toe the 

A majority of the Labour 
r uling group at Liverpool have 
refused to accept tbe expul- 
sion of Mr Hatton, its deputy 
leader, Mr Tony Mufoearn, 
and Miss Felicity Dowling, 
secretary of the district party, 
who has since been expelled. 

Yesterday’s committee 
meeting deemed by 10 votes 
to one to give the group two 
weeks more, until the next 
meeting of Labour’s national 
executive, to reconstitute itself 
and drop Mr Hatton as deputy 

So far, 21 of the 49-strong 
Labour group have replied to 
a letter from Mr Larry Whitty, 
the party’s general secretary, 
saying that they are prepared 
to amide by party niles over 
the expulsions!! the others 
fail to do so they will face 
individual disciplinary action. 

They will be called before 
the new national constitu- 
tional committee, set up at 
Blackpool and if found guilty 
of breaking party rules they 
could face suspension or even 

Mr John Hamilton, leader 
of Liverpool council and the 
Labour group, appeared be- 
fore yesterday’s meeting. 

Labour in 
favour of 
team sport 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 
.Labour party leaders dis- 
sociated themselves yesterday 
from left-wing educationists 
and opposed to 

schoof trams because they 
foster competition not co- 

Mr Denis Howell, the 
shadow minister for sport, 
raid: “Sporting excellence 
should be developed just as 
much as excellence in physics 
and mathematics." 

Mr Howell MP for Small 
Heath, Birmingham, was 
speaking at a party seminar to 
London a t tended by sports 
coaches, local authority of- 
ficials and leaders of sporting 

Mr Giles Radice, the 
shadow minister for educa- 
tion, said: “Any idea that the 
Labour party is against com- 
petition or fife development of 
excellence is nonsense." 

Labour's public support for 
the traditional inter-school 
sporting fixture contrasts with 
mounting concern, voiced 
chiefly by Tory backbenchers 
and the Central Council for 
Physical Recreation, that 
team games are dying out 
under the impact of egalitar- 
ian educational philosophies 
and spending cutbacks. 

At tbe weekend, teachers in 
Wiltshire decided to end a 
school football league because 
they believed it was not doing 
enough to promote enjoy- 

Mr Howell said outside the 
seminar: “The purpose of 
education is to equip pupils 
for the world in which they are 
going to live. It’s a very 
competitive world. 

Doctor fined 
for failing to 
secure drags 

A doctor whose wife 
committed suicide, after help- 
ing herself to sleeping tablets 
from carrier bags of drugs he 
kept in their bedroom, was 
fined £250 by Bury mag- 
istrates yesterday. 

Dr Jacques Tamin, aged 30, 
of Spring Vale, Prestwich, 
near Manchester, who runs his 
own general practice and is 
also a medical officer al 
Strangeways prison, Manches- 
ter, admitted fading to ensure 
that controlled drugs were 
kept to a locked receptacle. 

He was also ordered to pay 
£25 costs after being told by 
magistrate Mr Alan Nisbet 
“We are mindful of the fact 
that you have been consid- 
erably punished already." 

When police searched the 
house after the death of Mrs 
Lynda Tamin, aged 26, they 
found 300 different drugs 
piled together, said Mis Susan 
Carter, for the prosecution. 

There were also four am- 
poules of dara A controlled 
drags, inducting morphine. 

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Psychopathic killer 
saw mother raped 
when he was a child 

The psychological develop- 
ment of killer and multiple 
rapist John Steed was affected 
by seeing his mother raped by 
his violent lather when he was 
aged five, the Central Crim- 
inal Court was told yesterday. 

Her struggles and screams 
and her three subsequent sui- 
cide attempts were in- 
strumental in him eventually 
becoming a psychopath, Mr 
Robert Flach. for the defence, 

Steed received four life sen- 
tences plus 20 years' imprison- 
ment yesterday. 

Steed, aged 23, a mechanic, 
from Penge, south London, 
who was dubbed the “M4 
Rapist" conducted a series of 
attacks on women in southern 
England last autumn, getting 
his victims to submit 
“through sheer, stark terror” 
the Recorder of London. Sir 
James Miskin, told the court 
“You represent such a dan- 
ger to the public, especially to 
women, I have no hesitation 
in passing life sentences for 
each rape and for the 
manslaughter,” the judge 

Steed, who received addi- 
tional sentences for abducting 
a woman on the M4 and for 
various car thefts, was ar- 
rested after a seven-week reign 
of terror following the killing 
of Miss Jacqueline Murray, 
aged 23, a prokitute, whom he 
had picked up in Mayfair, 
central London, and then, 
blasted at close range with a 
shotgun in nearby Park Lane 
when she tried to get out of his 

A murder charge was 
dropped when he decided to 
plead guilty to manslaughter, 
Mr Allan Green, for the 
prosecution, told the court, 
after three doctors had agreed 
Steed was a psychopath. 

Steed, a body-building fa- 
natic, had also started inject- 
ing himself with steroids 
which had made him violent 
and given him an uncontrol- 
lable sexual appetite, Mr Flach 
told the court. Steroids ap- 
peared to have been the trigger 

By David Sapsted 

for his behaviour, he added 

The court had heard that, 
after each of the three rapes. 
Steed had threatened to kill 
his victims. 

His final act came on 
November 4 last year when he 
picked up Miss Murray and 
another prostitute. 

He told the police: “They 
were a couple of dim bos. I 
asked them to put on the 

Miss Sharon Bovin, Steed’s 
girl friend, kept a horrifying 
secret during his reign ©ff 
terror, it was disclosed yester- 


r time he carried oat a 

rape he told her every graphic 
But she was so terrified 
of the powerful fitness fanatic 
who forced her to call him 1 
God, that she kept her silence. 
In her agony, the petite Monde 
even thought of killing him 

Miss Borin, aged 21, who 
says she still loves Steed aim 
has promised to stand by him, 
wept uncontrollably as he was 
led away to start his sentence. 

She will not be charged for 
her failure to unmask 
faim. M She was do different 
from his victims,” Commander 
Algernon Hemmingway, the 
policeman in charge of the 
case, said. . 

“She herself was in stark 
terror of him.” 

Mr Robert Flack, for the 
defence, told the court: “He 

told her to teD him he was 

God — and he really meant 

(band)cufis and they freaked 
out, shouting and screaming 
and trying to break the 

“I told the one in front to 
shut up or Td kil l her. She 
didn’t, so 1 did. I thought she 
got it in the head, but the 
papers said in the chest” 

Mr Green told the court that 
the shotgun was fired at a 
range of between two to six 

Miss Murray was- still alive 
and screaming when Steed 
told her and the other pros- 

titute to get out He pushed 
Miss Murray into the road ana 
she died shortly afterwards in 

k°Steed. who pleaded guilty to 
the rapes, was said to have 
modelled himself on the film 
character of “Dirty Harry , 
the macho detective portrayed 
by Clint Eastwood. 

At the time of die attacks. 
Steed was living with his Miss 
Sharon Bovin, his girl friend, 
aged 21. , 

Steed’s first rape attack 
occurred when he picked up a 
girt, aged 20, at a bus stop m 
Croydon, south London. He 
took her to Epsom racecourse, 

and, whdn she refused to get m 

the back of a car with him, 
grabbed her hair, pressed a 
screwdriver to her throat and 
raped her. 

His second victim was 

cleared of 
on kidnap 

1 r;:> 



girl, aged 19, who had gone to 
a garage in Banstead, Surrey. 
Steed pushed her over a wall 
into some brambles, produced 
a screwdriver and threatened 
to kill her, and then raped her. 

His third rape attack almost 
ended in the death of a 
woman, aged 39, whom Steed 
abducted on the M4. He 
threatened her with a knife 
and a sawn-off shotgun before 
beating and raping her. She 
was so badly injured that a 
doctor told the court: “In my 
30 years’ experience I have 
rarely seen such an attack 
where the victim has 

Steed listened unemotion- 
ally to the sentences. Sir James 
told him: “In respect of these j 
appalling offences, 1 have fully, 
in mind the undoubted fact 
that you were then suffering! 
from such abnormahty of I 
mind that it substantially 
reduced your responsibility. 
But not one doctor recom- 

By Fraaces Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A voting mother whose 
children were kidnapped and 
abducted to Kuwait by her 
estranged husband is to appeal 
against a High Court ruling 
yesterday that the firra ot 
solicitors which released ms 
nasspon was not negligent- 
The mother, aged 28. who 
was bound, gagged and beaten 
when her children were kid- 
napped in 1981, would have 
been entitled to nearly 
• - . ; | £30.000 in damages and m- 

.. • terest for her ordeal if she had 

won. Mr Justice French said. 

(PhotographJo hn Rogers). 

Union leader ‘Private Eye mole’ 

, • w_ i/;..nob'e nrivatp ino to bribe Mr Kinnock 

The former union leader 
Alex Kitson was named in the 
High Court yesterday as a 
“secondary mole” for Private 

But not one doctor recom- ^ D ^ w, ^dbn» ft 

5 EK- SBfcw about •rmr 

Mr Green said that Steed, 
who had 16 previous convic- 
tions, was finally caught when 
he returned to a car he had 
stolen and parked in a garage 
at the Fairfield HalL Croydon. 

Brent head’s job 
is safe, says QC 

. . «,.u m imA bris hindim 

Miss Maureen McGoldrick, 
the headmistress who was 
reinstated last week after a 1*- 
week suspension for an alleged 
racist remark, was assured 
yeslerdav in the Court ol 
Appeal that she can keep her 

Her employer. Labour-con- 
trolled Brent council is 
appealing against an order 
stopping it holding a disci- 
plinary hearing into allega- 
tions that she said she did not 
want any more coloured 
teachers at her schooL 

Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of the Rolls, sitting wito Lord 
Justice Nicholls and Sir Ed- 
ward Eveleigh, is being asked 
to set aside a declaration 
granted by Mr Justice Roch m 
the High Court last month. 

He ruled that the decision 
by the Governors of Sudbury 
Infants School, which cleared 
Miss McGoldrick of maki ng a 

racist remark, was binding on 
the council _ . 

But the' council claims it 
should be allowed to make up 
its own mind and that the 
judge erred in how he con- 
strued the Education Act 


Mrs Wendy Savage, an I 

obstetrician, was treating 
mothers at Hit London Hos- 
pital today for the first time 
si nce her reinstatement last 

1944. „ She was suspended Tor 17 

Miss McGoldrick, aged 38, mouths before bang cleared of 
of Highcliffe, Clevelands, five charges of professional 
Scotch Common, west Ealing, ^competence. 


was alleged to have told a 
junior official at the cornual Is 
education office that she did 
not want any more coloured 
staff at her school 

Mr.David Tumer-Sarouels, 
QC, for the council told the 
iudgesTThere is no question 
of Miss McGoldrick being 
suspended again whatever 
your lordships’ decision and 
no question of her being 

Miss McGoldrick was re- 
instated at the 380-pupii 
school last week. 

The hearing continues today. 

The governors of a school 
whose head teacher wassus- 

reinstated pending the out- 
come of the tribunal inquiry. 


Three weeks ago she woo 
bf r fight for reinstatement and 
four fellow consultants, who 
have refused to work with feer, 
finally backed down. Since 

then she has been at work but 

busy with administrative dut- 

In an apparent a ttemp t to 
avoid farther conflict, Mrs 
Savage has been transferred 
from the hospitaTs depart- 
ment of obstetrics and gynae- 
cology to the department of 
general practice. 

The move does not affect her 

duties, hut means she no 
longer works raider Professor 
Jurgjs Grudrinskas. head of 
the obstetrics department and 
one of the consultants most 
opposed to her non-inter- 
ventionist approach to 

A spokeswoman for the 
London Hospital refused to 
comment on die switch today. 

whose head teacher was su s- education authority 

pended after being .accuse ^ ^ ^gan for saying comment on the swnen wamj. ,h*s pupiteToaim ^ a broc hure to parents that ^ said; “It has nothin* to do 
for the highest standard o pupil is firmly eo- ^ the National Health Ser- 

excellence, are to discuss . ^ ^ diligent, and is vice ^ The derision was taken renori on the matter -r^p-r mm i r« iw nf the 

SbunaJ report on the matter aim 

tomorrow. - eran- 

> Thev will consider recom- 
mendations by the Oumch of 
England chf^san mbumd 
which studied «pons °y 
inspectors from JJSJ 

London Education Authority 
(Hea) which criticized the 
leadership of Mr Bnan Dugan. 
He was suspended^ 

» h ofEn°Up^ 

School in Southwark, south 

LWon, last July and then 

comuuaujr ~ 

for the highest possible stan- 
dards of excellence in all 
subjects” . . i 

But in his six years as head 
teacher, Mr Dugan has created 
a school which parents de- 
scribe as “everything we 

Since he took over the 
headship nine pupils have 
won state scholarships to pub- 
lic schools, and numbers have 
more than doubled 

vice. The derision was taken 
by the Medical College of the 
University of Loudon, who are 
Mis Savage's official emp- 
loyers.” . . 

Professor Grudzmskas is 
said to be considering legal 
action over an alleged libel m 
Mrs Savage's book, A Savage 
Affair. He and his three 
colleagnes Mr Trevor 
Beedham, Mr John Hartgul 
and Mr David Oram, had 
threatened to resign if she was 
allowed back to work. 

punusneu about 
magnate Mr Robert Maxwell 
Mr Richard Ingrams, for- 
mer editor of the satirical 
magazine, said that informa- 
tion that Mr Maxwell was 
“paymaster” for Labour lead- 
er Neil Kinnock’s overseas 
trips came from a prospective 
parliamentary candidate, wbo 
bad been given the informa- 
tion by Mr Kitson. 

The same information also 
came from another person, 
who was privy to what went 

Fatal fire 

An argument over an apple 
may have led to a fire at a rest 
home in which three people 
died, an inquest was told 
yesterday. . , 

The coroner, Mr Richard 
Van Oppen, said a woman 
resident who was “a some- 
what difficult patient with a 
mental history” had threat- 
ened to “blow the place up 
after the argument with the 
owner of Mount Radford Rest 
Home at Exeter, Devon. 

The resident Miss Phyhs 
Porteous, aged 41, walked out 
of the home in the early hours, 
less than quarter of an hour 
before the alarm was raised. 

The three residents who 
died in the blaze in January 
were Mavis Joy, aged 59 
Elizabeth Trott aged 77, and 
Margaret Madge, aged 62. 

Twelve other residents were 
taken to hospital _ 

The coroner reviewing ev- 
idence. said the fire started m 
a mattress store on the first- 
floor landing. On the day 
before the blaze Miss Porteous 
was “not being very hriptul . 
Mr Van Oppen said. 

In the evening she was 
challenged by the owner of the 
home, Mrs Mary Latham, 
about how she had gm an 
apple and there was “a bit of a 

confrontation”. . 

Early the next morning Miss 
Porteous came downstairs and 
left the home. Ten to fifteen 
minutes later the fire alarm 


The inquest was adjourned 
until today. 

on in Mr Kinnock’s private 
office, he said. 

Mr Ingrams, editor of Pri- 
vate Eye editor for 24 years 
until last month, refused to 
disclose the identities of the 
two primary “moles”. 

Earlier in the tnal Mr 
Kitson, former deputy general 
secretary of the T ransport and 
General Workers’ Union, de- 
nied he had received any 
money from Mr Maxwell. 

Mr Maxwell chairman or 
Mirror Group Newspapers, is 
suing Prime Eye and Mr 
Ingrams for libel over two 
articles published in the, maga- 
zine in July last year which, he 
alleges, meant he was attempt- 

ing to bribe Mr Kinnock into 
recommending him for a 

Private Eve and Mr Ingrams 
deny libel and are counter- 
claiming damages for an alleg- 
edly libellous article in Mr 
Maxwell’s Daily Mirror. 

Mr Ingrams told the jury 
that, at the time of publica- 
tion. he did not consider the 
Private Eye articles to be very 

“If anything, they were 
casting reflection on Mr 
Kinnock rather than Mr 
Maxwell.” he said. 

JIl. ivu » 7 . , . 

But he dismissed her claim 
against the Bristol firm ot 
Solicitors. J R Brown and Co, 
saving that while they were in 
breach of a duty of care to the 
mother, they could not haye 
foreseen that the Kuwaiti 
embassy would release the 
passport to the husband. 

They had shown a “marked 
measure of gullibility” but 
they could not foresee the 
“dread fid events” which took 

place, the judK said. 

Yeslerdav Mr John Neil, of 
Sevan Hancock, the woman’s 
solicitors, said that they were 
almost certain to appeal. 

“We are pleased that we 
succeeded in showing that the 
other firm did owe a duty of 
care to our client and that they 
were in breach of that duty in 
letting the passport out of their 
possession”, he said. 

The woman, who has since 
remarried and is not to be 
identified on the orders of the 
judge, had married the Ku- 
waiti father, who was a build- 
ing student in Bristol. 

They separated and in June 
1981 he went to collect the 
children, a boy aged seven and 
girt aged eight, from his wite s 
home for a visit to the zoo 
The mother was also invited. 

She was bound and gagged 
by two men and two women 
and forced inside a van. She 
was later found when the van 
was abandoned. 

Because of a previous kid- 
nap attempt, the husband's 
passport was lodged with his 
solicitor on the order of a 
court. The woman claimed the 
solicitors were negligent in 
releasing his passport, via 
another firm of solicitors in 
London, to the Kuwait Em- 
bassy from where he recov- 
ered it 

The mother has so far been 
unable to secure the return of 
the children. 

A housewife is the sofe 
winner of yesterday's Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000. 

Mrs Margaret* BergvaL 
aged 55, of Sheffield, has 
played the Portfolio Gold 
Bame since it started. 

-I could not believe ay 
luck,” she said. . 

When asked tow she in- 
tended spending the prize 
money. Mrs Bergra! said: “I 
should like to travel around 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by secaing a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB! 6AJ. 

. Mi 

Mrs Margarets Bergval: 
could not believe luck 

cost £112 

A man who was chained 
£112 for two fizzy drinks in a 
club in Soho, central London. 

I returned later with two guns 

I and forced topless hostesses to 

hand over the cashboJL 
John Halsey, aged 2s, a golf 
ereenkeeper, of Chcrcnneie, 
Harlow. Essex, was desmhed 
as naive and stupid by Judge 
Wickham yesterday at the 
Central Criminal Court He 
gave him a 12-raonth sentence 
suspended for two years. 

Halsey, who admitted the 
robbery at the Windmill Club, 
which is believed to have 
closed since the incident was 
caught by a bouncer. But he 
had deducted the money he letf 
1 he was owed. 

W hen you first handle a Patek Philippe, you 

become aware that this watch has the presence 

of an object of rare perfection. 

We know the feeling well. We experience it every time 
a Patek Philippe leaves the hands of our craftsmen. 
You can call it pride. For us it lasts a moment; for you, 

a lifetime. 

made this watch for 
you - to be part of your 
life - simply because this 
is the way we've always 
made watches. 

And if we may draw a con- 
clusion from five genera- 
tions of experience, it will 
be this: choose once but 
choose well. 

A Patek Philippe - 
because it’s for a lifetime. 



y / 

dismissed for 
buying sweets 

A lifeboatman who was 

four olher inen for buying 
ctoco°a“ wiibramppnyosb. 
anWusmal tribunal was told 

^Arthur May k and to 
Jriunaes bought ttebusto 

homes in Staffordshire. 

s T^ribunal taPlyntou* 
,n ® ff riUt they were ai- 

misconduct. Mr Noel 

N1r Pe 2» Huroissed after an 
Be* em- 

K'eEmi Chin. 

siAustcU. Cornwall. 

of & continues 

Virgin Birth controversy 

Church reaffirms its beliefs 

d« ImuIIo Tnhncnn 


By Aagella Johnson 

critics, quoted several overseas 

clergymen who, he said, were 
critical of any shift towards 
lihp rflKsm, which has caused 
confusion among Christians 

He quoted the Bishop of 
Malay** as saying that “the 
man — - -- whole issue of the Virgin 

Jenkins had questioned the ©f Christ and his resurrection 

concept of the Virpu Birth and fnmi the dead is fiiDy ex- 

empty tomb soon after bis pfafted by Muslim extremists 

consecration last year. ‘ '* ***"* ***" 

The Bishop of Durham, Dr 

David Jenkins, came muter 

gre a pain yesterday when the 
Houseof Oergyof titeGm- 
enil Synod passed a motion 
reaffirming the natore « 
Christian beUefc. 

The House was exammmga 
report drawn ip 'after Dr 
Jenkins had anesfaoned the 

colled fur Dr Jenkins to 


f.' ’®%3< 

By passing Che motion, 

moved b>DrPeterFo«t«rf 

the universities of Duriiaffl 
and Newcastle, the Honse 
effectively halted any liberal 

has endorsed the teaching of 

Mr HoBoway said it was 
therefore argent that another 
message be sent from the 
Church of Engl a n d and u 
His motion, m three pares, shM hl tie this The Church of 
included an affirmation oi the ^ committed to the 

lnowco ; — ' 

belief in the Virginal incep- 
tion and the empty tomb to oe 
the faith of the Universal 
Chinch and the Charch of 

E, ¥be l Rev David Holloway, 
one of Dr Jenkins* fiercest 

PIIVOIU in. UIUI » j d. 

Fitgfand is committed to Hit 
historic Christian faith as 
taught and preserved in toe 
Universal Charch and ns 

Mr Holloway is one of toe 
' members who have 

In affirming their faith in 
Christ’s resurrection as an 
historic fact, .the House of 
nenzv has given an added 
rebuff to the questionings of 
the Bishop of Durham. 

Dr Forster welcomed the 
reoort from the House of 

saying: you fake 

the miracles ont of the story 
you reject the message as welL 
“Do we want to be remem- 
bered as the generation which 
took formal steps to dfefance 
the Church of England from 
the Universal Charch?" 
However, another motion by 

the Provost of Southwark, the 

Right Rev David Edwards, 
which would have allowed a 
more libera! interpretation 
was narrowly defeated by 94 to 
115 votes. 


,/A '§ 



At exclusive Patek Philippe showroom 
15 New Bond Street. London W1Y 9PF 
Tel 01 4Q 3 SS 66 




ex, ex- 
,nd rose 
jwth in 
.as an 
l Tu ro- 
of the 
from 7 
□i and 
igles is 
d mil- 

J0 mil- 
ked to 
tidine I 
it not 
its are 

f this 
m es- 
f £70 



November 10 1986 


Community tries 
to soothe fears of 
costly YAT rises 

0& the day the conference 
voted heavily in Savour of the 
United Kingdom joining the 
European Monetary System 
and for the completion of the 
interna) market by 1992, M 
Jacques Delors, President of 
the EEC Commission, set out 
to allay fears about the pos- 
sible costly impact of pro- 
posed changes in the VAT 
regime of the Community. 

These changes, expected to 
be known by the end of the 
year, are part of the process of 
meeting the 1992 target date 
for the single European mar- 
ket made possible by the 
reforms recently adopted und- 
er the Single European Act. 

The president told the CBI 
conference that two key lines 
would be embarked upon' in 
1987 - the abolition of tax 
barriers and the opening up of 
public contracts. ‘ 

The Government has been 
under strong pressure at West- 
minster and elsewhere not to 
agree, for example, to the 
removal of zero rating on the 
construction industry, a move 
said to be likely to add 
considerably to the cost of 
building a new house. 

The art world has been 
making strong representations 
about the impact the im- 
position of VAT would have 
on the export and import of 
works of art, and the UK, 
untike other member states, 
does not impose VAT on 

The president made it clear 
that the aim was to make VAT 
and excise duty rates close 
enough to avoid distortions of 
trade when frontier and fiscal 
checks were removed. 

However, he went on: 
“That does not mean that we 
will be seeking to impose a 
single, harmonized rate for 

VAT. or for excise duties. No, 
we shall be careful to provide 

“We will probably propose 
more than one target rate of 
VAT and will certainly allow a 
margin of fluctuation around 
those target rates. 

“The object is to provide a 
Community regime which will 
allow the abolition of fiscal 
frontiers, but which member 
states can adapt to their 
individual circumstances." 

He conceded that the aboli- 
tion of tax barriers was a 
difficult assignment, the more 
so because unanimity would 
still be required among the 
member states, rather than 
majority voting under the 
single European Act. 

But bow, he asked, could 
there possibly be a. single 
European market if major, 
differences in indirect tax- 
ation remained? In 1987, they 
should remember that all 12 
member countries of the EEC 
would have the same system, 
of indirect tax - VAT. That 
showed progress was possible. 

By the end of the year the 
Commission would be putting 
forward proposals for bringing 
the levels of VAT and excise 
duties in member states closer 
together. In the meantime the 
Commission expected the 
Council of Ministers to agree 
the proposals for completing 
the structure of VAT and the 
main excise duties, and the 
adoption of Commission pro- 
posals for a rate standstill 

He said that this standstill 
was designed to prevent dif- 
ferences ui tax rates within the 
EEC from increasing further, 
while at the same, time aBow- 
. ing member states to move, if 
they- wished, towards the 
likely zones of convergence. 
All this combined the mini- 
mum necessary discipline 
with maximum flexibility. 

As for the opening up of 
public contracts, he said the 
achievement of the single 
European market would de- 
mand the sweeping away of 
impediments arising out of 
di«^ v <raip- standards, different 
technical rules, and divergent 
national specifications. 

Outlining the programme of 
action the EEC bad submitted 
to the Council of Ministers,' he 
indicated that new -sectors 
likely to be covered were 
transport, telecommunicati- 
ons, energy and water! 

M Delors, who addressed 
the conference in Engl is h , 
called for immediate action on 
technological co-operation. 
He could not see why EEC 
ministers should be showing 
so much indecision over the 
framework programme for re- 
search and -development whi- 
ch it had submitted, and 
which involved spending £5 
billion over five years. - 

At less than 2 per cent of 
overall research and develop- 
ment spending in the Commu- 
nity, tiiis was the absolute 
minimum to get the effort off 
the ground. 

He did not see why the most 
solemn undertakings by the 
heads of state and government 
were not being put into effect 

EMS membership 
wins big majority 

Britain's entry to the Euro- 
pean monetary system (EMS) 
would signal to its European 
partners that at last it had 
become fully paid-up mem- 
bers of the European Commu- 
nity, Mr John Raismaa 
(British Telecom), chairman 
of the European Committee of 
the CBI, told the conference. 

He moved a resolution, 
carried by a large majority, 
urging the Government to 
negotiate Britain's full mem- 
bership of the system without 
further delay. 

Strong support for swift 
membership came from Mr 
John Quinton, of Barclays 
Bank. He said that economi- 
cally and commercially they 
needed to be more closely 
linked to the Community and 
nothing would demonstrate 
that more than full member- 
ship of the system. 

International trade was 
hampered by wide fluctua- 
tions in exchange rates and so 
was business planning and 

Full entry would dampen 
exchange rate pressures which 
had pushed British interest 
rates to levels higher than 
those elsewhere in the EEC 
He considered that full entry 
would lead the country down 
the road to greater compet- 
itiveness because of the disci- 
plinary effect that would be 
controlling the environment 

Mr Quinton said that if they 
had to wait for a decision to 
join until after the election, he 
hoped the situation would still 
be as favourable as it was now. 

Mr l orn O'Connor, of Elta 
Plastics, pointed out that 
when they last met, there were 
DM3.7S to the pound; now it 
was DM2.94, where he would 
like ft to be kept. The time was 
right to join the system and 
they could do it that day. 

It would, not be a soft 
option, he said. It would be 
tough for most industrialists. 

Membership would not mean 
a free parking place for British 
industry, but it would give 
sterling respectability again in 
the eyes of the world. 

Opposing entry, Mr A.W. 
Cow giU of British Manage- 
ment Data Foundation, said 
he was with Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, who saw the perils 
of joining the system more 
than the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer and his supporters 
in the City did. many of whom 
were no friends of industry. 

Membership would be of 
only limited assistance in 
smoothing out the present 
volatility of the exchange rate 
and place longer-term restric- 
tions on Britain's ability to 
look after its affairs. A run on 
the pound inside the system 
would mean formal devalua- 
tion. Exchange rates were 
trading rates, not virility 

Despite that warning, the 
resolution received heavy sup? 
port It also supported com- 
pletion of the EEC internal 
market by 1992 and on that 
issue Mr John Harrison, 
director of flic Knitting In- 
dustries Federation, called for 
the lifting of the panoply of 
trade barriers facing European 
exporters in many markets of 
the world. 

The latest outrage con- 
cerned Japan. At a time when 
it was bending to world pres- 
sure to open its own markets 
and while committed to aban- 
doning its own proliferation of 
protectionist technical stan- 
dards in favour of inter- 
national standards, it in- 
troduced new standards for 

The justification for that 
was that Japanese snow was 
wetter than the snow in 
Europe and North America. 
“How much longer must our 
manufacturers tolerate such 
impudent, outrageous mal- 
practice?" he asked. 





Delegates carried by an 
overwhelming' r majority ; a 
resolution on industrial col- 
laboration and welcoming for- 
eign investment. 

■Sir Colin Campbell, chair- 
man of James Finlay pic, 
moving it, said (he case for 
uninhibited new investment 
from overseas was over- 
whelming. That view was 
based primarily on the fact 
tyat tribal feelings against 
foreigners continued to be an 
important sentiment around 
the world. 

Many of the arguments for 
an open-door policy were 
obvious. It encouraged spin- 
offs of new technology and 
innovative management tech- 
niques and rifew employment. 

r They should be dear that an 
open-door policy did not nec- 
essarily mean a commitment 
to free trade. 

Indeed, many companies 
had taken up manufacturing 
overseas only because the host 
country’s restrictions worked 
agpinst them. It was a choice 
of local manufacturing or loss 
of the market. 

Governments had a propen- 
sity to look after their own and 
that was likely to continue, not 
least in this country, making 
free trade an unreal dream. 

They were aware of the 
“horrendous debts" in much 
of the Third world. One of the 
best ways of dealing with it 
was by investment rather than 
loans so that if a project failed 
only the investor tost his 
money and the host country 
owed nothing. ■ 

It was tragic that the chance 
of involving General Motors 
with British Leyland was 
botched on the basis of a 
“xenophobic hang-up". 

*b-\ - -rT W. v V 

‘still on 

Mr Garin Land, general secretary _ 

CBI yesterday, toe first senior onion official to do s£ He called for co-operation to 1 
recovery, with priority for educatio n aad training (Report, page 20). 

Business ‘must exploit 
climate of enterprise’ 

It was many years since the 
business dimate for enterprise 
and opportunity la Britain had 
been better, Mr David. 
Nkkson, president, said when 
he/ opened the tenth annual 
conference in Bournemouth 

“The ball is firmly in coert 
now," be said. 

In the tough world of inter- 
national sport, it was widely 
understood that only supreme 
and dedicated training 
could lead to the winner’s 
rostrum. Why should anyoae 
expect it to be any different in 
the brutally competitive world 
of international business? 

In tough competitive con- 
ditions, people got bnrt, and 
the single biggest injury prob- 
lem was on employment. There 
were no simple r political . 
panaceas. - * » v 

The only way to create the 
real, long-term jobs Britain 
needed, the only way to earn 
the higher wages ererytoe 
wanted, the only way to create 
the wealth to pay for social 
needs was for British business 
to sell more and to sell better 
in the markets of the world. 

Mr Nkkson added: “New 
that may be a hard and 
uncomfortable message, but ft 
is a hard and uncomfortable 

That was why at die con- 
ference they had bunched 
their business manifesto with 
its 21 guidelines for govern- 
ment These set the criteria 
against which they would mea- 
sure and judge future policies 
and legislation from all politi- 
cal parties. 

They were entering a crucial 
period with au election ahead. 
It was vital, whatever the 
outcome, that business did not 


lose the benefits and the better 
business climate which cmv 
rentfy existed— lew inflation, 
lower taxes, lower costs on 
business, fewer controls and 
better industrial relations. 

“AD that add ups to a 
ctbnate for enterprise. Do not 
let ns forget or throw away 
these advantages we have 

gained," be said. 

The confederation weald be 
considering the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer's st ate ment 
carefully before making its 
budget representations next 
month. But it seemed dear 
tint Mr Lawson had gone a 
hum way towards meeting 
there proposals ore increased 
ipfcastr nctme expebaftnre..^' 

Ther wwtfcf oppose *^ 
substantial increase in tax- 
ation which wwdd actually 
hinder growt h or the personal 
performance -ow whfcb iti 
depended. - 

In the United States top 
marginal rates of tax and the 
standard rate were roughly 
half those in Britain. 

That differeatial was had 
enough, but should the UK 
rates ever be increased signifi- 
caatiy at any time in the 
future, there would he a brain 
drain of Britain’s brightest 
young scientists, businessmen, 
entrepreneurs, and managers 
which would rival the High- 
land clearances and torpedo 
the prospect : of Britain’s 

Turning to industrial rela- 
tions, Mr Nkfcson said they 
were all for mere progress on 
employee participation and. 
profit-sharing on a voluntary 
basis. But on legisla ti on the 

confederation stood for stab- 

“Any thought of wholesale 
repeal of the three recent Acts 
and new proposed kgfeiatioa 
in this field wfll put the deck 
bad; 10 years. 

“So on behalf of the CM I 
male* this offer today. We will 
talk at senior level to any 
political party about there 
in d ust rial relations potides fire 
the future, and we will advise 
rtiwn on what we think is the 
best way forward. 

“But equally I promise you 
should some of the 
regressive legislation now be- 
am canvassed be introduced, 
the CBI will be opposed to ft 
and oppose it us vehemently as 
we resisted the Bollock 

-Toning to exchange and 
interest rates, Mr --Nuhsou- 
said what mattered for both 
was international confidence 
in Britain’s abilitf to perform. 
If Britain could win that, the 
pound would not be persis- 
tently pounded about the 

On wage settlements be said 
that when inflation rates went 
down abroad, their rates of pay 
and settlements wad down 
too. Britan's went down but 
not far enough or East enough. 

Mr Nkfcson said that rah 
so much expertise and enter- 
prise in "Britain’s financial 
institutions they had to find 

better ways of uniting City and 
industry for the long-feral 
health of the nation. 

“Corporate capitalism, in- 
stitntional capitalism, and now 
popular capitalism have be- 
come part of the facts iff fife. 
What we most now allow is fire 
British industry to be sold 
down the river by speculators’ 

City urged to go for growth 

A resolution stating that 
managers should be en- 
couraged to manage for long- 
term growth rather than short- 
term profit was unanimously 

The motion, chosen in a 
ballot, was moved by Mr 
Jidun Smith, chair man of the 
London regional council of 
the confederation. • 

He said the short-term 
“make a quick buck" philos- 
ophy was not only selfish for 
future generations, but also 
was bad management now. 
But companies found them- 
selves pushed into it. 

In the City they were judged 
not by medium and long-term 


plans and strategies but by 
short-term profitability con- 

That was sometimes the 
cynical result of the desire to 
keep the market moving, up or 
down, rather than a real 
judgement of a company’s 
worth and potentiaL 

“It is easy to substitute 
shuffling the pack for real 
growth. Some companies may 
grow this way, but the econ- 
omy does not," he said. 

He went on: “In Britain we 
are far too content to aDow our 

companies to get smaller rel- 
atively and absolutely, pro- 
vided that the profits continue 
to flow, at least in the short 

The Government too suf- 
fered from short-term pres- 
sures. With the possibility of 
an election, that was about as 
far as the Government’s ho- 
rizon could reasonably be 
expected to stretch. 

“We must convince our- 
selves and the Crty and the 
Government of the vital im- 
portance of planning for 
growth for future strength and 
not for making a short-term 
bude”, be said. • 


Mr John McGregor* Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, 
assured d eleg at es that the 
Government had not changed 
course on economic pohey 
.'and appealed for a fresh 
mandate to enable die Gov- 

enuuentto complete what still 
bad to be done. 

Addressing a lunch given 
the Smallnnnj’ Council of 
the CBI, Mr McGregor gave 
wa rning thar the Govern- 
ment’s achievements could 
easily be reversed, exposing 
the country to the more liberal 
-spending plans of- other 

- . “Ending the trend of public 
spending has been hard goto®, 
but we are succeeding," he 
said. The revised spending 
plans unveiled last week by 
the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, in 
bis afl t ymn statement did not 
mean accelerated growth in 
public spending. In fact, it was 
“quite the opposite," Mr 
McGregor said. 

In the decade before the 
Conservatives took office in 
197 9, public spending rose by 
about 3 per cent in a year in 
real terms. During its first 
Parliament the Government 
brought this down to 2% per 
cent and to 1% per cent during 
its second Pa rliam ent. 

Current plans provided for 
spending growth of 1 to 1 % per 
cent yearly over the next three 
years, substantially less than 
the growth of the overall 
economy, Mr McGregor said. 

Spending plans would not 
be allowed to lead to more 
borrowing. The Chancellor 
had pledged that next year 
there would be no relaxation 
on borrowing objectives set 
down in the fast Budget 

Mr McGregor said that this 
assurance was crucial for those 
concerned about Britain’s in- 
terest rate levels 

Mr McGregor, ' .the 
Treasury’s chief negotiator in 
the annual spending round, 
recalled that when the Conser- 
vatives came to power their 
objective was to reduce foe 
share of national income 
taken by the state and it had 
achieved this p rogressively 
since 1982 -S3. 

Echoing Mr Lawson's re- 
marks on television last Sun- 
day, he said it was wrong to 
regard the £4.7 billion increase 
in public spending Nans for 
1987-88 as a preelection 
spending spree. 

.More money for priority 
services such as education, 
health and roads was no policy 
reversal either, but built on 
already increased real expen- 
diture in these areas, he said. 

In spite of extra rates 
needed to meet the teachers’ 
pay bin, Mr McGregor said 
“responsible" budgeting by 
local authorities next year 
would still permit single figure 
rate rises. 

The Aggregate Exchequer 
Grant, the funds central gov- 
ernment pays towards local 
authority finance, will be in- 
creased by nearly £1.5 billion 
next year. 

Utility charges were likely 
to rise uy less titan 2 per cent 
in the coming year, compared 
with over 3% per cent in the 

a year. He said, this was 
x evidence of the 
Government's success in im- 
proving- the finances of 
nationalized industry to the 
benefit of the business com- 
munity and the taxpayer. 

Last week's autumn state- 
ment could not give the 
overview of seven years of 
Conservative government 
policy, which had changed the 
climate and attitudes in such 
areas as industrial relations, 
share ownership and enter- 
prise, Mr McGregor con- 

Call to keep 
politics out 
of contracts 

The CBI conference voted 
3 tell the Government tos top 
ubtic authorities introducing 
Olitical conditions into the 
ward of contracts. 

Mr Derek Gaulter, of the 
federation of Civil Engineer- 
ig Contractors, said they 
oubted whether the law 
ould be enough to cover ail 
te boltholes. 

Construction was one area 
f local government business 
fhere competition between 
ounefls’ direct labour oigan- 
ations and private sector 
ontractors was already man-- 
awry, he said. ; 

At the Conservative party 
jnference, Mr Nicholas Rid- 
y. Secretary of State for the 
nvironment. bad fore-' 
ladowed proposals to extend 
ich competition 
If this happened, the prob- 
in of politically motivated 
) unci Is would face a wider 
•ction of British industry 

Society based on merit is vision for year 2010 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The brave new world envis- 
aged by the CBFs “Vision 
2010" team was presented to 
the opening session of the 
conference yesterday. 

Hie interim report said: 
“We envisage a meritocratic 
society where innovative and 
competitive enterprises pro- 
vide work for those who seek 
it; a society which is commit- 
ted to wealth creation and 
recognizes that people are the 
prime asset in achieving that 
goal not a cosh" 

_ In a quarter of a century's 
time, it says, the British 
people should be more articu- 
late and numerate, more able 
to speak in foreign tongues, be 
increasingly adaptive and 
qnidt to respond to changing 
circumstances, and paid by 

The managers of the next 
century are axged to be more * 
innovative, to focus greater 

attention on marketing, while 
industry and government 
should achieve a popular 
consensus about . long-term 
economic and industrial strat- 

The team, led by Mr Mark 
Nkoboo, who was educated at 
Eton and manages a Barclays 
Bank corporate branch in 
London, says that many of 
their suggestions and ideas 
have been said before, some 
150 years ago — “and it is this 
that we find $o dist ur b in g. 
Why has action not beat 

The report, however, in- 
dudes a a amber of radical 
proposals some of which may 
find tittle favour with an anti- 
interventionist, anti-consensus 
Government. To achieve a 
better trained workforce, for 
example, the team suggests 
that redundancy payments be 
converted into oon-cashable 
training grants, that formal 
business training becomes 
compulsory is schools, that 

VISION 2010 

investment in industrial 
shares attract the wm> tax 
relief as mortgages, that re* 
gtanal development agencies 
be creat ed covering the entire 

The team does not rale oat 
foe need for state subsidy hi 
specific cases. 

On marketing, foe team 

says it does not agree that the 
taring of old markets and 
failure to exploit new ones is a 
sign of inevitable decline of a 
mature economy. Rather, it 
says, ail parts of the British 
economy hare been slow to 
recognize the rapidly dunging 
industrial environment. 

“We have been complacent 
in assuming that the goods we 
make for today’s customers 
will do for tomorrow's; hay is 
seeking new customers, es- 
pecially overseas; and cautions 
in our attitude to new 

Overseas markets should be 
more thoroughly researched 
and businessmen oust be 
prepared to speak the lan- 
guage of the target market, 
and the report says that the 
excessive bureaucracy of the 
European Commission most 
be curbed. 

On innovation, foe team 
says industry has been slow to 
use flexible manufacturing 
systems and companies: are 
criticized for not reco gn iz ing 
the potential of information 

Companies must embrace 
change vrillfagly, and the team 
asks whether there should be a 
Ministry of Science. 

On education and training, 
Vision 2010 says that foe. 
present system encourages 
specialization at too early aa 
age. Students should be in- 
troduced to industry and com- 
merce at an early stage and all 
should become familiar with, at 
least one international trading 
lan g uage. 

Teachers should have better 
pay and career development; 
which “should lead to a stan- 
dard in state schools which 
would render private schools 
an expensive irrelevance". 

Companies are urged to 
adopt a poficy of training and 
retraining. “The cult of the 
gifted amateur has prevailed 
for too tang." 

The report makes no ref- 
erence to foe role envisaged for 
trades muons in foe Britain of 
the future, . and' says that 
employee involvement ia a 
business is essential. Workers 
shodd be encouraged to take a 
direct financial soke in their 
company and their pay «fi- 
rectiy related to the company’s 
and their own performances. 

the “them and ns" syn- 
drome must be removed, with 
managers and workers office 
sharing foe same pension and 
benefit rights, the same can- 
teens and cloakrooms, and 
company cars and size oroffice . 
determined by need rather 

than denoting “classes" of 

finance, foe team at- 
tacks foresters, analysts and 
management for placing too 
much emphasis on short term 
profits as a means of judging a 
company’s per forma nce. The 
Cfty of London most discrimi- 
nate hr favour of companies 
with long tom plans. 

Business is criticized Tor 
failing to recognize sufficiently 
foe growing concerns of the 

public about the quality of the 
environment ’'Companies 
have, been reluctant to reveal 
tafonnatiottaltatt the environ- 
mental impact of their work, 
and to . disease openly the 
relative costs and benefits. 

The team concludes: “In 
2010 we wfll be nearing the 
end of our working lives. If 
change is not accepted and 
Implemented, our children win 
be working in a Britain which 
has failed than; we see no 
need for this." . 

Stdaey’s vfewa, page 25 






A call for the Department of 

Trade find Industry to take a 
leading role in achi eving a 
coherent industrial strategy 
came from Mr Hatty Horn- 
sby, of the Process Plant 

He said the department 
should be the catalyst to bring 
together a team of indus- 
trialists, bankets and the Gov- 
ernment to assess fixture 
markets and create the right 
background from which a 
British topm could supply 
market needs. 

Mb- Hornsby, speaking dur- 
ing a debate on a motion that 
Britain needed a coherent 
industrial strategy, said that 
foe « * t *Tn should work to 
harness the City’s powerful 
forces to determine how they 
could achieve a long-term 
industrial strategy. 

The motion, which was 
carried overwhelmingly, was 
moved by Dr James Me* 
Fariane. director general of 
the Engineering Employers’ 
Federation. He said any strat- 
egy must be coherent enough 
not to be pulled apart by every 
cbnrtg e in the political winds. 

“What other country, for 
example, has clanged the 
ownership of its steel industry 
from public to private, and 
vice-versa, four times, since 
foe war? 

“What other country has 
treated its motor industry as 
we have treated ours, first as 
an economic regulator, then as 
a pampered invalid, finally as 
anawftzJ warning?” 

Mr Roland Loog, ofRoland 
Long, said that at foccore of a 
coherent industrial strategy 
must be an. end to the ad- 
versarial industrial relations. 

MrJ. R. Trnstram Eve, of J 
R Eve, spoke of the need for 
location of industry. The 
North-South divide was one 
of foe most serious problems. 

Mr Martin Jourdan, of 
Parker Knoll, opposed foe 
motion. He described it as 
dangerous and ill conceived 
and said that at the end of foe 
day it would he a waste of time 
and detract from all their 

Better pay 



Delegates carried by an 
overwhelming vote a motion 
urging a better reward for 
teacbeis in order to restore foe 
status of the profession. The 
motion emphasized that that 
must be accompanied by a 
raising of competence and 
mare effective use of school 
and college facilities. 

Mr Boland Long, ofRoland 
Long Limited, who moved foe 
asal, said: “A way has to 
be found to overcome all the 
bitterness and frustration 
which has had such a disas- 
trous impact on our children". 

Mr Long appealed to Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence, not to impose a settle- 
ment on the teachers. 

“There* is no Act of Par- 
liament which can oblige peo- 

ple to give commitment and 
in education above all else it is 
commitment for which we 
must strive:” 

Mr John Peake, of Baker 
Perkins, said the worth of 
teachers must be recognized. 

It was important that an 
agreement 0 n pay and con- 
ditions should be fair and 
represent value for money. It 
must also help to overcome 
foe serious shortage of ma- 
thematics, physics, craft de- 
sign and technology teachers. 

Delegates, also carried 
overwhelmingly a motion 
emphasizing that foe commit- 
ment of top management was 
tire key factor in innovation, 
bat doubting whether that 
commitment was yet strong 

Mr Bruce Scott, chairman 
of the North West Regional 
Council, said that research 

the United States but declin- 
ing in Britain. Some top 
management did not know 
bow to promote new op- 

Today’s agenda 

This morning Mr p« 
Walken Secretary of State 
Energy, will address the o 
ference on Britain’s ene 
industry. This will be follov 
by a resolution on ene 

A discussion on reiatit 

between the City and indus 
win be followed by resohitii 
about meeting the capi 
needs of foe future, the cha: 
fog role of the City a 
mergers and acquisitions. 

The closing address will 
by Sir Terence Beckett, i 
GBrs Director General. 

Conference reports by Alan Wood, Derek Barnett, Bob Morgan and Edward Townsend 



.'“N, r 

^ rt 

i in 

i on 

child custody 

Huge variations between 
courts id different parts of the 
country in awarding joint or 
sole custody of children when 
couples divorce are disclosed 
in a report published today. 
The report, by the Law 
Commission, shows a custody 
order can depend on what 
court the parents choose and 
on where they live: joint 
custody is rare in the North of 
England, but awarded in 20 
percent of cases in the South. 

It also depends on the court: 
in some. courts there is a 50 per 
cent chance that the court will 
award joint custody; in others 
95 per cent or more orders are 
for sole custody. 

The report, which provides 
the first countrywide picture 
of custody orders made on 
divorce, says that 80,000 such 
orders were made on divorce 
in 1985, many of which 
affected more than one child. 

Wives were granted custody 
in 77 per cent of cases; 
husbands in 9 per cent and 
.joint custody was ordered only 
in 13 per cent of cases. 

But whereas in the South- 
west and Home Counties, 
joint custody orders form 
more than 20 per cent of the 
total, in many Midlands and 
northern courts joint custody 
is rare, accounting for 4 to 5 
per cent of all orders. 

Although joint custody ac- 
counts for only a small 
percentage overall, compari- 
son with earlier smaller sam- 
ples indicates that the pro- 

portion has risen by threefold 
since 1974. 

Joint orders randy require 
both parents to carry nnt child 
care duties equally, it says. 

A sample of 3,000 from 10 
courts across the country 
found that in all courts in 
about 90 per cent of cases it' 
was envisaged that the chil- 
dren would five mainly with 
their mothers. 

The report also discloses for 
the first time the views of a 
sample of divoroe judges: all 
judges interviewed agreed that 
where possible both parents 
should continue to be in- 
volved in their parents 
upbringing after divorce. 

But there were strongly held 
and divergent opinions on the 
merits of joint custody orders. 
While some courts actively 
promote joint custody, others 
discourage it. 

The report also highlights 
the uncertainty and confusion 
over the effect of custody 
orders. Interviews with 35 
solicitors showed their clients 
thought sole custody meant 
“complete control”. 

None of the judges agreed 
with that Most took the view 
that die parent living with the 
child had no right to take key 
decisions concerning the 
child's upbringing if the other 
parent disagreed. 

Custody Law in Practice in the 
Divorce and Domestic Courts: 
Supplement to working paper No 
96 (Stationery Office; £3.75). 

Car maker denies 
secret Honda deal 

By Tim Jones 

Claims that a new all- 
British car is being scrapped 
after secret talks between Aus- 
tin Rover and the Japanese 
company Honda were yes- 
terday described as “totally 

There are reports that the 
AR6. designed to replace the 
Austin Metro, would be re- 
placed by a small car devel- 
oped under a tie-up with 

Huge research and develop-., 
merit costs would be saved by 
using Japanese tooling, design 
and techoololgy which ac- 
count for millions of pounds 
before any new model is 
launched on the market 

Mr Graham Day, new 
chairman of the Rover Group, 
is reported (o have travelled to 
Japan last month for talks 
with the Japanese car giant 

Such a deal would make 
good economic sense for the 
financially troubled Austin 
Rover group but would have a 
profound political aod 
psychological effect on motor 
manufacturing in Britain. 

It would be a dramatic 
admission that in the inter- 
national market the state- 
owned Austin Rover group is 
just loo small to survive. 

In return for a firm foot- 

The House of Lords: 2 

Peers united by 
‘unfashionable 9 
taste for debate 

There is more than blue blood running through their 
Lordships’ veins. In the second of three articles on the 
power and influence of the Upper House, Sheila Gann, 
of our Political Staff, describes who sits in the House of 

The Bishop of London, Dr Graham Leonard, with his cha plain, the Rev John Shepherd, speaking at a press conference in 
Loudon yesterday when he denied he was rebuked by the Archbishop of Canterbury. (Photograph: John Maiming) 

Bishop ‘does not regret 9 trip to Tulsa 

Dr Leonard said he “deeply 
regretted” die controversy 
erased by his action, which 
was against the wishes of Dr 
Rnnrie and the House of 
Bishops of the Church of 

But he also said: “I do not 
regret having gone, and 
depending on the circum- 
stances and pastoral needs, I 
would go again.” 

He denied that the ordina- 
tion of women priests had 
inllueaced his decision to go to 
TUlsa. This was one of the 
issues behind Father Pascoe 
being deposed. 

Dr Leonard believed he 

hold in the British small car 
market, Honda could expect a 
share of the equity of Austin 
Rover and representation on 
the policy-making board. 

Last night, the company 
would not deny the report but 
said it was “totally specu- 

Honda has already shared 
development with.- Austin 
Rover of foe Rover SOO range 
of executive can and is pres- 
ently working with the com- 
pany on a medium-sized 
model. -- ■■ 

The possibility of -the AR6 
project being scrapped was 
condemned yesterday by Mr 
Doug Hoyle, Labour MP for 
Warrington North. He said: 
“This is a black day, not only 
for the motor industry but for 
Britain's manufacturing in- 

“Through the actions of 
Mrs Thatcher and Mr Paul 
Chanson, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, we are 
witnessing the burial of the 
British motor industry and the 
raising of the Japanese flag 
over the grave.” 

Mr Hoyle said he would be 
writing to Mr Channon 
de manding that more funds 
should be made available fra 
the company. 

By Angella Johnson “There was no element of Dr Leonard sai 

reproach,” he said. “Onr regretted” the 
The Bishop of Loudon, Dr wnwting wca gwnnfap erased by his at 
Graham Leonard, yesterday to understand each other. I am was a gainst the v 
denied that be had been very sorry that the Archbishop Runcm and the 
“carpeted” by the Archbishop wot disap proving, bat he had Bishops of the 
of Canterbury after his visit to aheady told me this before I Fn giand 
conduct a confirmation service left, so it was no surprise. But he also sai 

in America. “In the eqd we agreed to regret having 

Dr Leonard told a press differ — it was no dressing depending on t 
conference in London that down.” stances and pasts 

although Dr Robert Rnncie Dr Leonard, fluid, in the would go again.” 
had disapproved of his Cfanreh of England hierarchy He denied that 
controversial trip to Tuba, after Dr Rmtcie and the Arch- thm of women 
Oklahoma, he had not been bishop of York, went to Tuba influenced his deti 
reprimanded when they met after a request from a local Tulsa. This was 
last Friday. He also defended priest. Father John Pascoe, issues behind Fai 
the trip and said that, if who had been deposed by the being deposed, 
necessary, he would go again, American Episcopal Church. Dr Leonard 1 

Verdict on 
car thief 

The future of a compulsive 
car thief, who has spent the 
past year on remand ra prison 
while foe authorities tried to 
work out wbat to do with him, 
was decided yesterday . 

Kenneth’ Lowrtties has sto- 
len nearly 400 vehicles and 
even used ambulances as get- 
away vehicles alter suffering 
severe" heal injuries in a 
motor cycle accident. 

Mr Richard Curtis, QC, the 
recorder at Worcester Crown 
Court, yesterday sent him to 
St Andrew’s Hospital in I 
Northampton, after bearing 
that the Trafford Area Health 
Authority in Manchester had 
agreed to pay the £38,000-0- 
year cost of foe only treatment 
which could cure him. 

Lowndes, aged 35, of Hate 
Bams , Altrincham, Cheshire, 
has received probation, treat- 
ment at other hospitals and 
imprisonment, but none could 
step him getting behind the 
wheel of other people s cars. Putting a Nefax to work in your office 

He usually drove to the 

up!* 06 station 10 ^ ve could be the most dramatic move in efficiency 
you'll ever make. 

could in good consdence 
adminis ter pastoral care to a 
church which had been ex- 
pelled from its diocese. 

He criticized the Church of 
En gland for adhering to de- 
cisions taken by the General 

“All I have done wrong is to 
have acted against the dob of 
the Church. I am not infallible, 
but neither is the General 

An attempt will be made by 
Synod members to raise the 
issue of Dr Leonard's visit, but 
he said he had no intention of 
d efending himself before the 
565-strong body. 

Lord Hailsbam, the Lord 
Chancellor, perches on foe 
Woolsack eyeing the gentle- 
manly procedures of foe 
House of Lords from beneath 
foe fringe of his wig. 

Old age is one of foe things 
most of their Lordships have 
in common. Originally the 
Lords Temporal laced the 
Lords Spiritual across foe 
Chamber. Bui today a curious 
assortment of individuals 
quaUfy for foe (telly allowance 

It is rare for more than 400 
of the 1,180 peers entitled to 
sit in the Lords to attend, even 
when there is a force-line 
Whip on an important vote. 
About 300 are never seen. 

The three front benches are 
stocked with a mixture of 
government ministers, retired 
MPS, hereditary peers and 
“working” peers — those 
plucked from leading posts in 
other walks of life. 

Lord Whiielaw, Leader of 
the Lords and deputy Prime 
Minister, heads a batch of 
ministers, many of them 
hereditary peers, together with 
some 500 Conservatives on 
foe backbenches. 

But foe recent resignation of 
two experienced spokesmen. 
Lords Elton and Swinton, has 
led to a loss of expertise on the 
front bench. He has brought 
on three “yuppies” to make up 
the number of Whips — Lords 
Bea verb rook, Hesketh and 

Opposite him sits Lord 
Cledwyn of Penrhos. Leader 
of the 124 Labour peers and a 
former minister. He has toiled 
to keep together a front bench 

How many 
ways can 

improve your 

team of specialists to revise 
government Bills and deserves 
much of foe credit for foe 
Labour Party's recent silence 
on the future of foe upper 

Mrs Thatcher has managed 
to infuriate him by her reluc- 
tance to appoint a new batch 
of working peers. Most of his 
spokesmen are in their sixties 
or seventies and were given 
life peerages for service as 
MPs or in other fields. 

The Liberals and Social 
Democrats total 85. including 
a few hereditary peers and 
former MPs. 

The Government’s main 
headache is foe wavering vote 
of the 275 Independent 
“cross-benchers", foe 146 
non-affilialed peers, and the 

Added to these are a small 
nucleus of regular speakers, 
often strongly committed to a 
particular cause. 

The complaint laid against 
foe Lords is that it is 

It used to be a standing joke 
that there were two issues 
which guaranteed a lively 
debate in foe Lords: poaching 
and foe alternative prayer 
book. With the background of 
the present members, there 
must be added to these: local 
government, the rights of foe 
disabled and foe elderly, foe 
constitution, universities and 
foe freedom and rights of foe 

Nearly ail the Govern- 
ment's problems in getting 
Bills through foe Lords stem 
from these special interests. 

Tomorrow: What Future? 

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for industrial purposes. 

Combined with our Marine oper- 
ation, sales amounted to £ 143 million 
in 1985. 

And that’s only part of the story. 
Overall turnover reached £1.6 
billion last year, the major part of which 
[ e was aero- engine sales, yielding a record 

pre-tax profit of £81 million. 

ir At Rolls-Royce, we’re proud to say 

*r we run a very' tight ship. 

:d by sa 






power plant 

Greenpeace demonstrators 
tried to disrupt production at 
one of Britain's largest power 
stations yesterday, in an inter- 
national protest about the 
effects of arid rain. 

The group' chained them- 
selves to coal barges, Himg 
from tail bridges, tried to scale 
a '600 ft cooling tower and 
attempted to block a supply 
canal with inflatabl e dinghies, 
after infiltrating the Central 
Electricity Generating Board's 
Ferrybridge complex, in West 

The peaceful demonstration 
by nine men and five women 
from Switzerland, Scandina- 
via, Scotland and England 
ended 10 hours later without 
arrests. The demonstration 
had its lighter moments of 
comic relief 

An earth digger was used to 
gently scoop to safety a couple 
from Switzerland, who had. 
suspended themselves from a 
railway bridge by safety har- 
nesses to halt trains ferrying 
coal into the plant, and wire 
cutters gently snipped free the 
group who chained them- 
selves to coal barges before all 
were offered mugs of tea. 

As the barges sailed off the 
crew enthusiastically ap- 
plauded blonde Birgit 
Seffmzrk, from Denmark, 
who was unsuccessfully trying 

By lam Smith 

to hide behind a screen ot 
bushes on the banJkskte as she 
stripped off the tracksuit she 
was wearing when her rubber 
dinghy sunk-. 

The event was rimed to 
focus attention on the world- 
wide destruction of woodland 
and wildlife, just 24 hours 
before the Geneva Conven- 
tion executive meets to dis- 
cuss more stringent pollution 
controls than the 30 per cent 
reduction pledged last year, in 

Britain refused to join “The 
30 Per Cent Chib” and it was 

only two months ago during 
an official visit by Mrs 
Thatcher to Norway, home of 
some of Europe's most vocif- 
erous anti-pollution 
campaigners, that government 
policy softened. 

The CEGB announced a 
£600 million scheme at three 
of its largest power stations, 
including Ferrybridge, to fit 
flue-gas desulphurization 
equipment which will 'reduce 
emissions of sulphur and 
nitrogen oxide by 14 per cent 
. Ferrybridge is part of the 
Aire Valley power station 
complex, the largest in 
Europe. A staggering 32,000 
tonnes of coal are delivered by 
rail and barns each day to fbel 
5 per cent of the total electric- 
ity used in England and Wales. 

Wordsworth painting hides secret for a century 

of the 

By Gavin BeD 

Arts CoTTespoodeat 

For none than a century, a 
celebrated portrait of Words- 
worth has conceal ed a sec ret, 
the sombre and mysterious 
figure of a Victorian dcric in a 

Mack gowH apparently hold- 
ing a bibte. 

Tire image, made sinister by 
X-ray pfcsiagraphs, has just 
ben discovered by experts at 
the National Portrait Gallery 
daring routine restoration of 
Wordsworth am HeMfpt, 
c o mple ted in 1842 by flu 
fa romantic painter Bea- 
Robert Haydoa. 

Inspection of tire 
painting revealed im w**! 
hresfe strokes, which were 
brought to tire attention of Mr 
Jacob Simon, the gallery’s 
curator of eighteenth century 

It was then sort to the 
Coutanld Institute of Art, 
where a mosaic of nine X-rays 
revealed the original work, 
upside-down beneath the pain- 

Mr Jacob Simon, curator of the National Portrait Gallery, 
examining the painting by Benjamin Haydon 

Simon said that ft was 
rare for an artist to paint over ■ 
an almost completed work, tat 
the portrait of the cleric was 
consistent with Haydon's style 
of broad strokes. 

“Despite long friendships 
with Wordsworth and Keats, 
Haydon was sever a fashion- 
able artist, and did not enjoy 

u Ia fact he was poor, and it 
is quite fikeiy that he nsed this 

canvas twice becanse he could 
not afford to buy another one.’* 
Haydon was known to have 
been a perfectionist, and it was 
in keeping with his artistic 
temperament that he had 
abandoned the earlier portrait 
because he had not been 
satisfied with it 
“His image of Wordsworth 
brooding amid a stormy moon- 
tain landscape has always 
been powerful, but 1 shall 
never look upon it quite the 
same wayagahL 
“This discovery has added a 
farther hidden dimension to 
what is already a fascinating 

The poet himself described 
the work, in a letter to tire 

artist, as “the best likeness, 
that is, the most chara cter istic, 
that has been done of me”. 

Overwhelmed fay debt and 
disappointment, Haydon com- 
itted strickle four years after 
completing tire Wordsworth 
portrait, fast he left detailed 
diaries which Mr Simon in- 
folds to study, in the hope of 
identifying the hidden deric. 

However, the original work 
may never be seen, since no 
process has been developed for 
separating oil paintings. 

Visitors to the Gallery may 
examine the enigmatic Words- 
worth when renovation of its 
Regency suite, devoted to the 
Romantic poets and painters, 
is completed at the end of next 

The head of the mystery cleric, revealed by X-rays, at the 
bottom of the portrait (Photographs: Ros Dr ink water) 

Growth in 
of double 

By Christopher Warman 
Property Correspondent 

More than 70 per cent of 
owner-occupiers have under- 
taken major repairs or 
improvements to their homes 
during the past’ five years, 
compared with about 60 per 
cent during the previous five 
years, according to a survey 
published today by the Build- 
ing Societies Association. 

A report in the BSA Bulletin 
says that households probably 
spent about £10 billion in this 
work last year, compared with 
£6.1 billion in 1981, and the 
most popular activity noted in 
the survey was the installation 
of double glaring or new 
windows, which more than 
one third (36 per cent) of the 
respondents said they had 
completed during the period. 

The work done was mostly 
modernization rather than re- 
pair, and after double glazing 
came the fitting of a new 
Idtchen (35 per cent), while 24 
per cent of owner-occupiers 
had refitted their bathroom, 
20 per cent had installed 
central heating, 19 per cent 
had the house rewired and 16 
per cent had built an extension 
or converted their loft 

Most work was done by the 
35 to 54 age group, while the 
young aged up to 24 (45 per 
cent), and the retired, over 65 
(39 per cent), were the least 
likely to cany out repairs or 

BSA Bulletin \ (Information 
Department, The Building Soci- 
eties Association, 3 Savile Row, 
London W1X 1AF;£2.50). 

Search for 

cases link 


A search has begun for a 
possible common source of 
Legionnaires' . disease, which 
has caused one death and 
affected five other people over 
the past two months. 

The investigation has been 
launched by Gloucester Hear 
1th Authority because it would 
normally expert only one case 
of Legionnaires a year in the 
city. * 

- The man who died was in 
his sixties. His illness was 
diagnosed in September at the 

Royal Hospital, Gloucester, 
ind ti 

and two of the other cases, a 
man in bis fifties- and a ; 
married woman in her late 
thirties, were also affected in 

Two new cases canto to fight 
last month, involving a man 
in his fifties and a married 
woman in her forties. 

Government scientists are 
working with environmental 
health officials and GPs is 
Gloucester to establish any 
link between the cases. AH six 
people came from the south- 
east of the city. 

There have been 17 
Legionnaires’ disease deaths 
in Britain this year from 143 
recorded cases. The disease is 
a rare type of pneumonia 
caused by a common or- 
ganism which can be treated 
by antibiotics. 

Watch on 



By Peter Evans 

Government ministers wifi 
be watching the results of a 
fortnight’s amnesty which was 
begun yesterday for drug users 
throughout the south of 
En gland. 

The Association of Chief 
Police Officers is expected to 
consider whether the idea 
could be of mean general use 
in catching drug pushers. 

Mr-Bnanlweighl;. Chief 
Constable of Doriset, said yes- . 
today: ‘$vnpMfo<vc'to*ee itf 
extended to the whole 

Drtg users who assist the 
poUce^ui detecting- drug deaV. 
ere and pushers wifi not be 
prosecuted. - - 

The amnesty has been in- 
stigated by the television com- 
pany TVS as part of its 
‘‘Action on Drugs" campaign 
launched yesterday, and in- 
cludes 10 hours of television 
programmes over two weeks. 

The . launch of the amnesty 
campaign comes after one last 
year by Dorse* police in which 

over 6,000 calls were received 

The amnesty will run for 
two weeks initially but it will 
be extended if it proves 

County police fences from 
Dorset, Essex, Hampshire, 
Kent, Surrey, Sussex, Thames 
Valley, Wiltshire and the 
Channel Islands are involved. 

DAKS] Simpson 

V 01-73* mi I I C « A D I l IT 

One look tells 
you it’s DAKS 

' DAKS casual herringbone 
overcoat in Pure New Wso! from a 
wide range of Winter coats starting 
at £169. Goat illustrated £239. 
Calf or write to receive your 
free copy of the new Simpson Mail 
Order Catalogue, and information on 


was invented on a train. 

John Dankworth 
composes music on trains. 

Peter Bark worth 
reads scripts on a train. 

This advertisement 
was conceived on a train. 

The only thing 

ever created in cars Is a jam. 


29 _ 



ex. ex- 
nd rose] 
3wth in 
/as an! 
l Turn - 1 
of the; 
from 7i 
nt and I 
en turn. 
igles is 
d mil-: 

10 mil- 1 
ked to, 
tidine ! 
it hot ; 
ds are 

f this 

Last year we flew nearly 20 million people 
to destinations all around die world. . 

But none of them contributed to over 
£450 million of our revenue. Our successful 
Cargo division made sales of £268 million alone. 

Quite a few cats, fish and birds travelled 
with British Airways Cargo. (The most popular 
mode of transport since the Ark.) 

Gold bullion, rare p ainting s, computers 
and fresh food were just some of the items seen 
boarding our planes. 

In all, British Airways carried 232,000 tonnes 
of freight and 41,000 tonnes of air mail last yean 
No wonder we were voted Cargo Ajriine 
of the Year for the third year r unning by -.the 
readers of Air Cargo News International. - 

• ' Ana if that wasn t enough, our competi tors 
also contributed to a further £186 mllfon for 
aircraft mamtenanceand other airline services.- 
These indudedflight crewtrainingand the 
development arid provision of computer software 
and telecommunications. 

make us the worlds favourite airline. 

British Airways 





Coup rumours sweep Manila on eve of trip to Japan 

Aquino makes 
TV appeal for 
national calm 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

President Aquino of the 
Philippines appeared on gov- 
ernment television last night 
and appealed for national 
.calm amid continuing ru- 
mours that a military coup 
would be attempted during 
ter four-day visit to Japan 
which begins today. 

“I shall oppose any attempt 
from any quarter to interfere 
.with or • dictate to my 
.Government," she said just 
two hours after 15,000 people 
marched through Manila in a 
show of support for her eight- 
month-old Government. 

On tbe eve ofher departure 
for Tokyo, Mrs Aquino re- 
ferred to rumours sweeping 
the country that troops loyal 
to the Defence Minister, Mr 
Juan Ponce Enrile, planned a 
putsch in her absence. 

■ Without referring to Mr 
Enrile, Mrs Aquino de- 
nounced the “self-appointed 
Messiahs who would want to 
dictate how this Government 
should be run", accusing her 
detractors of a “shameless 
disregard” for the people's 
^welfare for personal ambition 
or misguided ideals. 

, She said it was “an insult to 
-the integrity of tbe majority of 
the New Armed Forces of the 
Philippines that have tried to 

adhere to tbe highest stan- 
dards of professionalism”. 

“I will not allow the new 
AFP to be destroyed by a 
handful of misguided ele- 
ments ... the function of the 
soldier is to fight the enemies 
of the Government, not to 
fight the very Government it 
is ordained to serve.” 

She said that if this hap- 
pened the only beneficiaries 
would be the communist 

Although publicly dismiss- 
ing the possibility of a coup, 
Mrs Aquino has ordered 
presidential guards to “repel 
all predatory forces approach- 
ing (the presidential palace) 
under any pretext,” the Phil- 
ippine Daily Inquirer reported 

Church sources confirmed 
that Mrs Aquino had person- 
ally asked the influential Ro- 
man Catholic Archbishop of 
Manila, f-awtinal Jaime Sin, 
to postpone his trip today to 

Tbe outspoken Cardinal, 
who played a leading role in 
the February revolt that 
brought Mrs Aquino to power, 
at firet agreed but changed his 
mind on learning that Mrs 
Aquino would go ahead with 
her visit to Japan. 

Mixed welcome 
in prospect 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

- President Aquino arrives for 
.her first state visit to Japan 

today to find a mix of support- 
ers and opponents almost as 
complex as that at home. 

The establishment and 
many figures in tbe rating par- 
ty, and even in her own embas- 
sy, are not convinced Oat her 
government is here to stay. 
Some axe enthusiastic sap- 
porters of her vice-president, 
Mr Salvador Laurel, whose 
"father was president of the 
Philippines when Japan fried 
there daring World War 1L 

- She comes hi response to an 
invitation Gist extended to 
former president, Mr Ferdi- 
nand Marcos, in 1983 and a 
large number of members of 
Japan's rating Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party are strong 
supporters of the deposed 

Mrs Aquino is a woman 
(Japanese leaders are never 
entirely comfortable, with 
women leaders) who leads a 
'Government which is not only 
revolutionary, but has not 
consolidated itself sufficiently 
to convince Japanese poli- 
ticians or investors of its 

But perhaps more important 
in terms of the economic 
assistance that she is seeking 
is the tact that she got off on 
the wrong foot with the Prime 

Minister, Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone, by entertaining one 
of his most deadly political 
rivals, the former Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Takeo Fakuda, in 

Her Defence Minister, Mr 
Jnan Ponce Enrile, appears to 
have been warned off causing 
trouble during her visit to 
Tokyo by the jnttidous leaking 
of the fact tint authorities in 
the United States were in- 
vestigating his handling of mi- 
litary aid funds during the 
Marcos regime. 

There were unauthorized 
troop movements in Manila 
during the past week and even 
details of a coup called “Oper- 
ation God Save the Queen” 
were being bandied about. 

Mrs Aquino wiD need to put 
worries about a coup behind 
her and have all her wits about 
ha if she is to convince Mr 
Nakasone and others to give 
her the sort of sams in econo- 
mic aid that she is after. 

The sum requested initially, 
260 bOfiM yen (£1-09 billion), 
was branded “unrealistic” by 
the Foreigu Ministry, which 
described it as bring beyond 
the bounds of what the United 
States has been prepared to of- 
fer and wefl outside Japan's 
previous official contribution, 
which has been mnug at less 
than 50 billion yen year. 

China’s problem 

Zhao asks Japan to cut 
$4bn trade deficit 

Pricing (Reuter) — The Chi- 
nese Prime Minister, Mr Zhao 
Ziyang, forecast yesterday that 
China would have a $4 billion 
trade deficit with Japan this 
year and called on Tokyo to 
buy, lend and invest more in 
China, informed Japanese 
sources said. 

Mr Zhao told the Japanese 
Prime Minister, Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone, who left yesterday 
afternoon after a 25-hour visit 
to China, that the trade deficit 
was the most serious problem 
in Si no-Japanese relations. 

The forecast deficit was well 
down on last year’s nearly 
SfSbiUion, but Mr Zhao saia 
this was partly because overall 
trade volume was down. He 
said Japan must help in 
achieving balanced bilateral 
trade while China endea- 
voured to reform its trading 
system and improve the qual- 
ity of its exports. 

The sources said Mr Zhao 
?kn recommended that Japan 
should boost soft-loan dev- 
elopment financing to China 


Rjr 125 years we at Tbe British Home and HwspHal Bar 

inrurahn. StnMtham. have cared for thousands rf 
nmnfe with incurable dheaaes. PhjBfcally disabled 
rbe. but thanks to the love and dedteattan of 

in 1991, following the end of a 
seven-year, 470 billion yen 
($2.14 billion) loan at 3.5 per 
cent annual interest, which 
began in 1984. 

Despite some increase of 
Japanese investment in China 
in the last few years and 
Chinese efforts to make con- 
ditions for this more attrao- 
. five. Mr Zhao said the scale of 
such investment was still 

highly iiwriegnate.. 

Japanese sources said Mr 
Nakasone promised to study 
Mr Zhao's proposals and said 
there would be plenty of time 
to discuss the request for extra 

He cited high Chinese taxes 
as one reason why Japan’s 
investments in China were not 
as great as Peking desired and 
said unreliable supplies lim- 
ited the purchase of imports 
from C hina. 

Despite the catalogue of 
demands presented by Mr 
Zhao, the New China News 
Agency reported the exchange 
in a moderate tone. 

our i 

cheerful aod fulfilled. . . 

We stall continue to look anertnem. out more ana 
mare money is needed to mai n tain the quality of their 
PS-Mdmovkteexttas which makettefrlhea worth 
Hvlng. TbQr urgently need your bdp nowl 


1 LAWS. tmraSTHAM. LPHDOW SW 16 3 JB- TKL Q 1 -B 7 Q 82 «I 


r<*CQ36j~~]/VlM] | mckuAMti 


[ BnwBnde-tomlWL _ 






A crowd of 15,000 people demonstrating their support for President Aquino on a march 
through Central Park in Manila yesterday amid tumours of a plot to depose her. 

World’s largest hydroelectric project 

Caracas breaks grip of oil 

Guri (Renter) - Venezuela 
opened the world's largest 
hydroelectric complex yes- 
today, the Guri dam project, 
designed to spur Venezuela's 
industrial development and 
reduce its reliance on o3. 

In a ceremony hi the Gu- 
yana region, 400 miles south- 
east of Caracas, President 
Jaime Lusmchi gave the order 
to open the dam’s floodgates, 
sending the waters of the 
Caroni Sber rostuDg dowa the 
530 ft-high spillway. 

“We should feel well sat- 
isfied with everything ach- 
ieved here in GmL This wiD 
permit ns to diversify our 
economy, rescuing it from 
dependence on petroleum,” 
President Lusmchi said in a 

speech marking the event. 

“We are witn e ssi ng an event 
of colossal dimensions and 
importance for the country,” 
the president of the Venezue- 
lan Investment Fond (FTV) 
Se&or Hector Hurtado said. 

The 10,300-megawatt 
hydroelectric plant will be tire 
world’s largest antfl Brazil’s 
ttaipo project, with a 12,000 
megawatt capacity, starts up 
later in tire decade. 

The dam holds back a 
gigantic reservoir covering an 
area almost twice tire size of 

Power from Gnri wffl supply 
70 per cent of Venezuela’s 
energy needs and is expected 
to save 300,000 barrels a day 

in domestic oil consumption 
within two years. 

More importantly, the dam 
provides cheap electric power 
for the country’s iro n, ste el, 
and aluminium industries, 
centred in Ciudad Guyana, 
50 mties north-east of Guri. 

“Guri is not just the saving 
of petroleum and assured en- 
ergy at low cost It also 
represents an extraordinary 
multiplying factor for the 
growth and modernization of 
many industries,” President 

Losinchi said. 

Officially known as the 
Raid Leom Dam after tbe 
Venezuelan President who be- 

gan the project, Gnri cost an 
estimated $5 billion (£3.5 bd~ 
lion) and took a total of 25 
years to complete in various 

But the investment has 
helped to tom tire country into 
an important industrial power, 
reduced its depende nce on ofi 
and provided momentum for 
its future as a democracy. 

The Gnri dam anchors the 
type of thriving industrial 

complex envisioned by former 
President Romnlo Betancourt, 
who set out to create a new 
Venezuela after the fall of 
dictator Marcos Perez Jime- 
nez in 1958. 

Thanks to its cheap energy . 
Venezuela created the world's 
eighth largest aluminium com- 
plex at nearby Ciudad Gna- 
vana. as well as the giant Sidor 
steelworks. What was once a 
collection of huts on tbe edge 
of the Orinoco in a sweltering 
scrubland at the river's con- 
fluence with the Caron i. is now 
a Venezuelan boomtown. 

“Guri was made during the 
democracy, by the democracy 
and at the service of demo- 
cracy.” Sedov LeopcMo Sucre 
Figarefia. president of tbe 
Guayana Region Development 
Corporation (CVGh said. 

Some 30 pa cent of the 
financing came from outside 
tire conntry. including loans 
from tire World Bank, Inter- 
American Development Bank 
and private foreign banks. 

Etectritidad del Carani 
(Edeka), the state firm which 
built and wiD administer the 
dam, has acquired a foreign 
debt of $800 million (£559 

The actual dam, combined 
with surrounding earth dams, 
will have a span of about 4.4 
miles, officials said. The arti- 
ficial lake held hack by the 
dam has an area of 1,520 
square mOes. 

• Stem — 

I ~rri 1 

1 — j a: — ma r iranmnJ 


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Lufthansa today: 

u rope has again 

become a little more 
pleasant. 4 

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Boeing 737 

First Class 

Business Class . 


Q U 8 9 10 U 12 <4 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 39 30 31 32 33 34 

4014 ] liliilillliifllllllBif !□ 


Boeing 727 

First Class 

Business Class 



Four of the most comfortable 
ways of getting to your destination 
on time: Lufthansa’s B737 City 
Jet, Lufthansa’s 727 Europa Jet, 
Lufthansa’s A 310 Airbus and 
Lufthansa’s A 300 Airbus. 

And one of the most pleasant 
things: since November 1, 1986 
Business Class passengers have 
been able to reserve their seat at 
the same time they book their 

Advance Seat Reservation is 

available on all international 
routes at normal fares. There’s no 
more hassle when boarding. Your 
seat will be waiting for you. 

And when you get on board, 
you’ll see there are new, comfort- 
able seats, too. Ideal to sit back 
and relax in. With more legroom - 
a spacious seat-pitch of 34 inches 
(86 cm). 

Lufthansa’s hospitality on board 
will add to the pleasure of flying, 
too. Whatever time you fly, we’ll 

n in n 

... : First Class 

Bysjnesp Class 

1 Business Class 

serve you a complete menu on 
each and every international 
flight A hot meal if tie flight is 
longer than 2 hours. 

That s Lufthansa’s nev \ way to fly 
in Europe. ;j f 

You can still choose First Class, of 
course. And you’ll still be flying 
with one of the most modem fleets 
in the world - as punctually, 
reliably and safely as ever. Nothing 
has Changed in that. Welcome on 







burICTT ME ■ Ob Nov«ndi«r«Cb al 
Osfbrd. to Sue wm Jeremy a na, 
. CJMrtea. 




- On November 5th 
peacefully .at Sledinere 
1973 - 1986 



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30124 Venice. S» fttonco 1936. 
Free mhnnes walk Bern Sl Man's 
Sour, ewnr cwnwn. «wy ntmo- 
soboc *t ato*t*x pOCO. 

RanuwK.Rm 3**W33ZS» 
Tdes: 41 1 ISO . 
DtefOK EMC ApdComfi 


IsnatMiL Singapore. ILL- DettiL 
Bangkok. Hong Kpng. totoncy. 
Csraw. a Tba AnestCBS. 




Be an you tartuo* Maekaomr 
Our prices cant Be Mart. 


SASuny Sl NW1 
01 955 8682 
Antony P Uol SOS 
Ol BM 4017 

tKY/i» II I 

RT^Sr 1 , 

hi anwine over the «N W 
0066 1WH 

CftoPoaocB. bracket* ««c £KX> or offcre. 
Tei Ol 878 0288 eve*. 381 2822 day 

BBHIWI i nWBM Grand, model 160L 
Cu l M 36*26. good coodMon 0200 
TO Ol 727 9*40 (after QanO. 

CUMUM Prof F. n/a. to snare boon, 
o/r. an wnrtlw. £200 sen ott 
T*US7* 3971 Udter 7.00 pjfi) 

HUWVW P W MBBat w— i Bdnre 
my mewa cottage. Own dnUt bed- 
room. Monday to Friday or rtreHar 
am m nmem ur aftyrtd and therefore 
rent nagottahie. Approx £60 pw. to Ol 
236 3902 

TMOt U fTON HEATtUiouae share. Own 
room. Ctogo to Alton aod shops. Cov- 
trany healed. £43 per week, tadmtee. 
Tefc 01-6S3 7374 fatter 430 ami. 

W— UPON prof. Fannie onto 20D to 
ahare 3 bed tunny home. lO into 
SooUdtefcts tube. £166 sen + DOs. TaL 
708 7093 after 7 am (Monk 

■bum rr rn 1 1 nr — itr" — ■ — 1 * — 
via DMtmtok 39 Ravomdaia Am 
London N12 OWL Ol 446 1241/306 

. 1233. 

nBamtW Love or Marrtaoe. Adages, 
areas. DtutuneL am «ai® as juhgta 
Road. London WR TO: 01-938 1011. 

CALBR CITS Ltd heMwal curricu- 
lum vtrae document*. DdlM!.D1431 

paler gnMca and other xotlww to 
typeset, sp etl dieck. R ptM li t and re- 
se n d in n yogr newstaBer. business 
report or o n e- p ao r . vim h«Md6. Far 
prompt Oeaierap Pub d a kin g and dahb- 
roMxrvtntaii HHtafimlUJOllt. 
TO: OX.S57-968& 

BBMK London School ef WAS and 
Club. 38 Khp Road. SW3. 01-689 

CONVCTANCMR by tony onamied sena- 
tors: £380 + VAT mas itona*** 
dWamoitm dag 0244 319398. 

fWla. Prof person lo share W* Hat. O/R. 
£48 per week. tKMhnt. 01-781 8422. 
edenrion 8103 or 01-871 1006 09. 

niUMM. Prof. M/F to share to* new ftae 
wtttiooe other, own forga room. Cdn. 
Private parking. 1* robe. £260 pan 
am tekOI 736 4766 altar 6pm 

CBBLSCA 4 bed matstonetta. terrace, roof 

aoomoOMon ontral L ondon^ WB 
ontake. some name tateotng. TO Ol 
332 4097 

V yL sV ij- ' i y i j p '. y a ; j 

Map A Book Shop 


Tbc Ttawdlcrs Travel Centre 
42-48 Eatla Cowt Road 
f rautim W86EI 

Loos Had 01-603 ISIS 
Emope/USA 01-937 5400 
1st Bohnas 01-938 3444 
Government Unaaed/Boodcd 


Return Return 

MWTOBr^ £390 SYDNEY *780 

UQU 060 HONG KONO *530 





Algarve/TOolfe. Imt 
Minute Nov /Dec Wttueam/ 
Loapitay wtnMr/Xmni HoW 
FttgMs Europe/wotRPvido. 
Summer -07 at -06 prices. 
Phone for detain 

Ventura Holidays 

TO London Ol 261 6466. 
TO SbettMd 0742 331 lOO 
TO Manchester 061 834 5033 
AM 2034. 


amis £69 N YORK 

Frankfurt £60 la/SF 

Lroos £320 Mfcssna 

Nairobi £526 S m gmore 

jo-buni £*60 Baatek 

Cairo £206 Kaa n a ndn 

tlel/Btan £536 Rangoon 

Hong Keag £610 Caiokto __ , _ 

HugeDKCOunts AuaBon IHAOahC 


21 swallow SL London wi 
01-439 2100/437 0657 


AMMAN £236 KARACHI £230 


CAIRO S205 MIAMI «2fl3 

DELHI £360 HOME £1® 





Tot 01-09 3521(8007 

grotam RINC FOR A DCAU Ahn oawr 

anmnuty tow prices atamng U £39. 
ask. for a ropy o< ovr Bumper Brochure. 
(Oil 785 9999 AMa 69256 AM 1383. 

IH VAL Cuba enatata 6 */r ap awn e n ta 

in ton 7 men resorts Talk CD our Winter 

CLAFWAM - 2 bedim am. Blk utt iwtm 
POOL Edo* Of Common. Lotmga/diner. 
moy equipped bn. bam. w.a CK toe. 
036 pw. UpMemL Ol 499 6554. 

HCWnr A MMES Contact ns now on Ol- 
236 3B6i lor the bast selection of 
lumtshed data and houses to tent to 
KMsnaortdac- Chelsea and Kensington. 

HYDCnUtK CATC.SW7 2 superb utra 
moaem tmenor drowned flats aeon. 2 
due Bcdrms. dbte recenuen. 2 baths. 
CM Realty 01-681 0012 

WAMtCDu Three b edrowned QaL unfur- 
nished. Swiss Cottage area. Lono 
company let. Lh> to £2SO per week. TO: 
01-666 2873 toiler 6.00 pmi. 

£200 - £1.000 per week- TO Bnrgoa 
681 6136. 

bedrra flat. AO eacOOr*. <*obc to shop- 
ping centre. £260 PW Ol 8*0 4481 

MMSMOBE GDM6. Attractive Studio flat 
wltn gaflcrlcd hedruv .aepItoA «hwr rra. 
£176 PW. Ncg Ol 389 9226. <T% 

KD3UNB70N WS Bknain m Floor 
• Lux Mats idM bed. sonny nc kMdtaer 
1 mU High St £16Bpw tod 938 2396 

OL TOWCB MDSE Lax 2 bed fiaL 
o/took water, nr tube. £160 pw. TO Ol 
263 0*27 ptn.w/e 





6 exceDeat fiats in ibis new 
devdopman fumisbod ioa ray 
high standard 1 & 2 bedrooms, 
fully fined kitchens, marble 
bathrooms, some with maos. 

£150- £450. 


Gflod £unily bouse with 
spadovs acaxnmodaaoa wfakb 
has been recently redecorated. 4 
bedrooms, 2 tatteoms. 2 
receptions, 2 off street parking 
spaces, kitchen. £750 pw. 


Modem town house in good 
decorative order. 3 double 
bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 
reception, btebenyeakfes; 
room, garogct garden £500pw 


Very good Bat to new 
devdopmem. 2 bedrooms, 2 

£250 pw 


Good 2nd floor fist dose to 
shops and nampon. 2 
bedrooms, bathroom, reception, 
kitchen, balcony. £7^1) pw. 


2nd flora 1 flat in very convenient 
location with tight and bright 
»mnn. ! bedroom, bathroom 
en suite, itcheen, r eception 
room. £190 pw. 

584 3285 

B you ban quality proueny 
to M. toll us. 


Expert professional service. 



270 Earls Court Road. SW5 
01-244 7363 

FtlUAH. sw6 Puroaaa boBL 2 bad Oaf 
wtfh river views, new IKMd IdL 2 
bcdnnx. 2 MlM in. 1 en MdM. Use of 
s. pool A gym. Hafl porterage. 
Undrigoond carpark space. FPU securi- 
ty. Co M preferred. £360pw TeL 
05727 26906 

WEST mwiqmil unfumutwd app- 
ctoua naoMNi flat with «c seoalty. 
urn da u and car mace 4 bad*, targe 
recap. 2 boon, kitchen mi mamuwa. 
Long Co let £400 pw OODDARD A 
SMITH Ol 900 7321 

FINCHLEY M2 Attract spue hse Lovely 
one uma smcl 4 Mdnaa. 2 cfegaoit 
recants, tonage halL tux bm*i. 
shwnn. kit Ml nwen. ooe. gap. £325 
p.w. Ltofllend: 499 5334 

have a Ige seheflon of luxury i f 2 1 3/ 
4 neoTuom flats with raMo aervlce. Inte- 
rior d e Na nr d A canjtmUy tocatoU. A^ 
Mow Connaught PropertleB 727 3060 

BEST KDfSnWTOM. Pretty cottage to 
theCny Shettrm».20Pihnna.£20Opvj 
WtanMcdou nr da Mod townhaa. 4 
bedrra*. 2 batonns. odn A weH nWN 
an. £277 pw. WBUams A Son 947 3130. 

OWIAEA SW3. Good tocanoo 2 bed Obl 
rccepc. PM * washer, bath. AIM now 
£X7S pw FW CAPP 01 221 8838. 



We bov* * superb selection of 
utnonaUy pgperxed l u rmahcd and un- 
furntsfted srouertKa to many fine 

RotdmtlM dwriets. raoeng Iron 
CifiOnw n £2.000 pw 

TeL* 01-486 8926 


LmxSOflfc A Tenants 
come to us far 

aad simitar *fl3& 

Phone now. 


AwrmraM mm ramuy mourn* lux- 
ury OaB/houw*. cswssa*. KnlaW*- 
bridae. BdvBvW areas. £200 £2.000 
pw Burgem Cam Agents sbi 6136 
CMTS f M paflo txal wim prater tradtoaii- 
M EngtHtt Race* won nreptaoe. Kn. 
Bath. Ratio. Ctoae to Shoe* A Tratawon 
C13GOW meg. Cooua 820 8261 



,! T to H]tf 

1 a*- ^ :'r 

zj 3 

AM HCMTI SoeoatMa New York £229 . 
L-A/San Fraoctmco £329. 

Svdney/Mctoourn# £769. AD daily *- 
red flUMa. Dartair 130 Jermyn 
Street- Ol 339 7144 

COSTCUTTOS OH OKtfUi/hota to E» 
me. USA A M dejan^np 
DtMoraat Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

IYDAEL £636 Perth £366. AB mate r 
carriers to aus/NZ- 01-684 73T» 


for the W of Miss Anoeta Bowtty. 
C.V.CL. MAE. wmbeheW atnoo °- 
on Friday. 14th NjWtnmc r 1906^ 
SL MtCtmeTB ctmnda. Chester 

Square. L a nda i SW1.. • 

CA — EC i. There win he a Memorial 
Twvtft Mr (**“ GwnpbnH on 
NoreroMT >t 11-00 
M the Chnrcfi ^OtotmmaCTMa 
CooctsKion. Farm swett. W.i. 


HUM - Freddie. 10th November 
1966. -Bauman. Lovingly reroesn- 
beratl today and always. B*«y. 
Susan. Kaito. Mastbew and Edward 




[wrJiiv’il iyLL 

Crystals pick out 
disease hot spots 

HROWT FABE6 Wondwkto: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter TkaveL 

wide. TO U.T.C. C07S3) 857039. 

tUBHTBOOH CTS Dttoomd Fawawtrtd- 
wue. w/uomny 01-387 9100 

TVauelwte. AMa. AM. 

734 6307 ABTA/AtoL 

01 441 mi I put 

i:r? . 



• m±zs 

NOTICE 16 HEKEBY GIVEN pursuant lo 
Section 68S of me Gampanics Act 1983. 
Dial a MEETING of toe creditors of me 
Mow panted Company wffl be held at the 
LONDON W26LFOO Wednesday the 12It» 
Oay of November 1906. «l 11.30 o’clock 
tn the forenoon, for the pummes provided 
for lo Sections 689 and 690. 

Dated the astth day of October 1986 

%. AFRICA man £466. Ol-SM 7371 

SPAIN. Portugal. Cheapest fora. Btgntes. 
Ol 736 8191 ABTA ATOL. 

■AHTA mo ruw lura Oat w«l looking 
asm. SUM up toTnOpw. 01-7698868. 

The finest houses for rental . 73 9 
James 8 l SW1 01 491 0802. 

Coatteaed ob page 30 

To Place Your 

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or between 9.30 a.m ana 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

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Birth. Marriage and Death Notices 

Ol 481 4000 

Che body «*«* wffl *»** ®“ 
a gnnsfei of SBCh condtooos as 

annendidtis easier *® B 

It will ab o 

spots* in otfaerwfee heaity 
bodies whkdl eosM gw* J“*y 

Tfcey aieestas flf cWtotwol, 
which dronge cdHr *H fee way 
from red to violet wMt tero- 
■eratdre doMto a only 1-5 to 
2 JOC «*oAg *» D* Vawffi 
Ivanov, a medical researcher, 
and Dr I» Gorina, a chemisL 


techniqoes- sndt as 


cure of oncer in die UK. . 
Stop m by rere&og a dkaredon 

Cancer p 

2 Oadtoe Batoc Tnace, -. 
(OUST TT/lfl/JJ fc Lpmted SVIY 9JUL 


I kwavni cmeanto. Jy/f* ” 
asTOado*. juttm ato- 9»»* 

KUHKflnM3 «M tuwast fores «1 

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651 0167 Apt Akrf 1893. 


rui. FT u nhl u rt ivwn £69. Miracle JiL 
Ol 379 3322 


Sropepere £487 onus- FEcHte*. 01-684 

/Wartdwtde. MM Sttr Tr*«9- Ol 928 

TUWHHA. Fbf your Holiday wnmrHa^l 
■mm u &a wr rajs- broc hure naw.Ttt- 

SSSnTravri BtWPU. 01-373 4411 

ALL US CITICS. Lowtst taraop into 
sdwdulM ranura. oi-684 totimta 



Sir John Betjeman 
General MacArthur 
Kenneth More • Doris Smith 

What do they have in common? 

Parkinson’s Disease. 

It strikes men and women evenrwhere. PefJjP® 
Researchers need your help. SO do more than 1UU.UUU 
sufferers-in the United Kingdom. 

• Incase support 

Parkinson's Disease So^y 

36 Portland Place; London WIN 3DG- Tefc 01-323 1 174 


Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by I JO pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments ■ 01 481 4481 

Public Appointments 01 481 1066 

Property 01 481 1986 

Travel 01 481 1989 

UK. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors ' fll 481 4422 

Personal 01 481 1920 

Business to Business 01 481 1982 

Education * 01 481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages. Weddings, etc lor the 
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A r iwJff.1T •‘I iSl 


ex. Cx- 
nd rose 
jwth in 
•vs an 



f » #'-■ lUTuLmiL 


nuclear warheads, is under : 
“legal detention” in Israel . 

The Government admitted 
this yesterday in a terse state- 
meet issued after the weekly 
Cabinet meeting 
At the same time the state- 
ment denied al**J 
Mr Vanunu w Jdggg 
from “British soil” by Mossad 
agents. It said that as this was 

there wk therefore no 

basis to reports thal Mr 
■Shimon Peres, wben Prime 
Minister, had cont^ed Mrs 

Margaret Thatcher “to inform 

her about something that 
never took place”. 

The short statement ends 
three weeks of attempts by the 
military censors to try to stop 
the publication of stones that 
the nuclear technician was in 
custody awaiting trial. 

The statement does not say 
how Mr Vanunu arrival m 
Israel after voluntarily chees- 
ing out of his London hoteion 
September 30, before The 

alUlQUY 2 WftCJ r 

lished on October 5. Nordoes 
it explain how he managed to 
leave Britain without hispass- 
port having been mecked 
through immigration controls. 

No details of the charges 
faring Mr Vanunu have been 
given and “due wsub/udwe 
regulations, no further details 
will be published”. 

How he left England re- 
mains a mystery. Some re- 

Dikko. _ 

Yesterday’s Cabinet state- 
ment denies such a kidna- 
ping. but it docs not rule 
another story that Mr Vanunu 
was lured by a beamed 
Mossad agent on to ayacirt 
and that he was then arrested 

on the high seas, outside 
territorial waters. 

This would explain why dc 

left his hotel voluntarily, why 
his passport was never seen 

and would make it acan^to 

i t l. n>« nnt Vifinarmeo 




X.~. 4'~+ 

" v *V -:• < . 





. % 



, ■ 1 1 


\ * rffi y i r » 1 _ 

. J jJWM a- < * y ' iL>7T i I (’ t-ll 

fT ■ 1 -I*,' -■ i 

i , - 1 1 ■ ■* i 

2iay i ■■ — - 

“on British soft”. 

A third story has s uggste o 
that Mr Vanunu is hnnsetf a 
Mossad agent, who dcEth 
eratriy leaked foe 
nuclear potential to frighten 
Arab states, particularly Syna, 
who might now be considering 
a military attack. 

The Rev John McKnight, 
the Australian priest who 
converted Mr Vanunu to 
Christianity this year, tos 

discounted tws-ineory on u* 
grounds that no Mossad plot 
would have gone so fer as to 
require the conversion of an 
agent to Christianity: 

The Sunday Times has 
hired a Tel Aviv lawyer. Mr 
Am non Zichroni, and it is 
likely that this pressure was 
the main factor in forcing the 
Cabinet to make its statement. 

Boy from Morocco, page 7 

, */- 

*»- * 


> V- •• • • . • V O' 

**••» ' W - ‘ • 
• ; 

MPs demand inquiry 
on kidnap denials 


IffBtWff.l f.7 .Uiiic g] 

FTw k J luSlLti 

liTTV^ Wy i'J 



fi [3 : 4_ 

I ' M» 

Po ri'it , m .W | 


» _ __ _ 

, iVf^TriTitTl 

own accord. The question is 
whether he was kidnapped in 
London, or kidnapped some- 
where else having been duped 
to leave London.” 

Mr Walters is concerned 
there may have been a senous 
breach of international law. 

Mr Anthony ” 


UCiiuU IMfll ikJ — “ - „ 

Mr Mordechai Vanunu m 
Britain (Our Whitehall 
Correspondent writes). __ 
The cautious Foreign Office 

response to the Israeli 
cabinet’s announcement was a 
signal that the denial is not 
necessarily accepted as true. 

security at ' 

Continued fro® page 1 
Britannia” that caused most. 
commotion in Whitehall- 
The Queen, m abbek 
astrakhan coat, laid the first 
wreath after RoyalManiw 

buglers had played “The Dist 
post” at the end of the two- 
minute silence. She was fol- 
lowed by The Duke of 
Edinburgh, the raaaeot 
Wales and the Duke o fjfon c, 
all in Royal Navy uniforms, 
with Queen Elizabeth the 
Queen Mother, the Prmcessof 
Wales, Princess Anne and the 
Duchess of York looking on 
from balconies. 

Tributes were then paid by 
the prime Minister, Mr Ned 
Kinnock, Labour leader, Mr 
David Steel and Dr David 
Owen, the Alliance leaders, 
and Mr James Molyneanx, 
Ulster Unionist Party lea der. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robert Runcie, gave 
♦hanks in his Remembrance 
Sunday service to the acts of 
wartime heroism which, he 
I said, served as a powerful 
1 antidote to cynicism. 

Bri tain would never prosper 
5 if respect were tost for those 
1 who sacrificed their lives for 
1 the nation, he told the con- 
* gregation . at Canterbury. 

Politicians preparete jjay 
police presence: from Mr 

Baker. Mr Edward Heath, 
Wflsonof BJevanbc and Mrs Margaret Thatcher. 

Pollution alert in 

Coatumed from page 1 
dustrial growth in Germany, 
Switzerland and Fiance. 

Mercury is one of the heavy 
metals that are mined for vari- 
ous industrial purposes. Oth- 
ers include lead, arsenic mid 

cadmium. They are also caued 

the toxic metals because very 
email concentrations are re- 
quired to poison anim a ls and 

plants. . . 

A rirmiar inrident with 

mercury 25 years ago, though 
spread over a longer period, 
gave the first hints of the 
extreme toxicity of the heavy 

metals. . _ n 

It happened m the smal l 
Japanese coastal town of 
Minamata, where mercury 
poisoning originating in 

wastes from a chemical fac- 
tory spread from fisfr to 
fishermen and theif families. 
Hundreds of people ^were 

[A/iat/uvu. ™ ~ — — 

conditum now known w 
Minamata Disease claimed 
scores of lives. 

The disaster occurred be- 
cause the mercury was trans- 
formed into a highly biolo- 
gically active form of organic 
mercury compound after it 
was discharged- That anxiety 
will exist over the mercury 
pouring into the North S ea. 

A few years after the came 
of the Minamata disease was 
recognised Swedish scientists 
discovered that the reason for 
the disappearance of some 
species of birds was mercury 

poQution from effluen t dis- 
charged from pulp and paper 
mills. , . A 

• Inadequate 

West Ggmany^ ^Ch emmajs In- 
dustry Association repost mid 
safety measures at the Sandoz 
pl ant were inade quate, it was 
claimed yesterday. .... 

^Steady all public drinking 
fountains in West Germany 
which draw water from the 
Rhine have been shulott. 

Strict water rationing has been 

in force in some areas am* 
Saturday, with a ban on show- 
ers, baths and car washing m 
Unkel and Bad-Hoenmngen. 

Demonstrators paraded 
through the centre oi Bask to 
the Sandoz headquarters and 

Dutch engineers dosed amcea 

As the helicopter com«m. 

to land the Wades miiw, 
forwards sfightty making foe 
risk of coflisiou between me 
Wades fer greater. . 

Soinrikw _a_cog^w 

comWner sensed .suddetey. 

lbUUAlli. - . 

Threat by Patten on rent arrears 

. * rv^. nrttvi Man- He is expected to left the 

_■ jlI MV 1 WIAIIC 

Contmeedfinmi page 1 
have ht ghw rent arrears foan 
before. , . . . 

The worst culpnt is the 

London Borough of Haringey 

which, in foe 12 months to 
April 1986, foiled to collert 
28 per cent of teat owed by 
tenants, worth £5.6 mimon. 
Islington did not rauert 
18 per cent of rent and had 
arrears of more than 

^JSmo^os, with 10 start doing then job propri^ 

UI wu,sl a. re Ou> nnvMtunent will m- 

ti«» worst onenoexs, wua «w • 

IS «Int Srrart worth £5 foe Government wffl m- 

tpSXKdL 8"^£5fo?^s 

ing a London seminar or- ^ P^ 11168 for toe worn 

?^Sl^e?urelyto social deprivmonmmneraty 

bad management areas - - 


Today’s events 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales leave for their visit to 
O man, Qatar, Bahram and 
Saudi Arabia from RAF Brae 
Norton, KUO. 

Princess Anne visits Daniel 
Thwaites pic Star Brewery, 
Blackburn, to mark the comple- 
tion of the modernisation of the 

brewery, 11.55; and vwrts the 
offices of the Lancashire Ew- 
ning Telegraph, 230; then visits 
Blackburn Borourfi ConnoTs 
new Leisure Pod, 3.20. 

The Duke of Kent, Honorary 
President, visits the Royal Geo- 
graphical Society, Ke nsin g to n 
Gore, SW7, 4.45. 

New exhibitions 
Watercolours by Olive Dring; 
NalWest Bank, Winchester- 
Sculptures and pai nt i n gs oy 

Nature notes 

Gallery, Georges ^Lane, 

The pound 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,199 

Irnumuu !!■■■■■»■■ 

■ ■ II ■ ■ ■ 

puuuuumua »■■■■ 

giiii ”■■■■■■■! 

i *Saii3Sy(iS 

6 A Service body (4). 

10 Turner can appear retrogres- 
sive just the same (7). 

11 A row involving the Spanish 
workplace (7). 

12 Dry over peat - a special 
treatment (9). 

13 Object, but spare a note (5). 

14 Greek character writing arti- 
cle on soldiers in reserve (5). 

15 A look-out man ^9). 

17 Since tail wt broken it is 
quite rigid (9). 

20 The child’s fether could be a 
minister within 24 Hours 

21 The current meaning (5). 

23 Both under-educated youths 
held made a kit of noise (9). 

25 A dull turn to deplore from 

one lacking expertise (7). 

26 Has an inclination when in 
church to remove guilt (7j. 

27 The first mate goes by river 
always (4). 

28 Young man makes a hun- 
dred out of shares { 10k 


1 Sung at the end in awftil 
lament (5). 

2 Foreigners putting their 
beads together can cause 
talk (4-1-4). 

3 Country air (8,6k 

4 Housing suggestion offered 
without hesitation (7). 

5 The most intimate tenets 
are sent irregularly (7). 

7 The defence simply wasn’t 
there (5). 

8 Alert agent receiving exart 
money (9). 

9 A sinister trait (14). 

14 New drier that’s pretty 
shoddy (5-4). 

16 In the French it was vile, 
said Burns of “Patience” 

18 Taught rude tot to reform 

19 Convention demands an ad- 
visory board (7). 

22 Copy one thousand, given 
time (5). 

24 Daughter left in damp 
accommodation stayed wj- 

Sat 9 JO to 5. 

Display by the North Downs 
Lacemata a; Bas i n g stoke Pub™ 
Library, Potters . Walk, 
Basingstoke; library hours. 

A Reputation amongst Art- 
ists, Norwich School of Art 
Gallery, St George St, Norwich. 
Mon to Sal 10 to 5. 
Exhibitions in progress 

Tweutimh-ceutory American 
bookplate artists; CharriMton 
Print Room, The Frawuham 
Museum, Cambridge Tires to 

Sat 2 to 5; Son 2 to 15 to 5. 

Stoneware and poreelam or 
British artist-potters; Peter 
Dingjey Galtay, 8 Chapel St, 

StnUfwd-npoo-Anxi. 9 JO to 

130 and 2.30 to 730. Closed 
Sun and Thurs afternoon. 

Work by the Canadian artist 
Robert Hams (1849-1919); 
■Oriel Mostyn, I Ja n dodao. 

Concert by the English String 

Orchestra, Alexander Mtebcgew 

Kidderminster Town 

Concert by Vienna Boys 
Choir, Shddonian Theatre, Ox- 
ford. 8. . 

A Hungarian Evening by 

Telescopaean; Gregory Knowles 
(cimbalom), Rosemary Fumiss 
(violin) and Sue Biddey (so- 
prano); Walter Moberiey Hafl, 
Kede University, Keele, Sam. 


'Concert by tire London Mo- 
zart Players, Jane Glover 
conductor; The Hexagon, 
Queens Walk, Reading. Berks. 

i mmm 

mm m 



A deep depression will be 
centred nesr.P”™*” 

Seotiand. A cold front™ 

be slow moving oyer 
■ sonthem E ngl n nd . 

aircraft in fin* foeni is a 
design feult They have beat 
usmedfoaffoerc is no inher- 
ent design proWan. 

noon ^TOOAY Itamrels 1m « 

policy, castigated . US. ante* 

^dwassecretl? carrying out 
another policy. ■ _ 

He said negotiations for 
hostages made u more hkdy 
tfaai other hostages would be 
taken. “In foe long-tram in- 
terest of the United States foe 
decision to trade^mns. for. 
hostages is unwise, he said., ip 
Reports at the weekend saia 
a secret dwnnd to Iran was 
first opened in 1985 when Mr 
'Robot McFarfone was foe 

It led to foe secret shipment 
of amts and spare parts w 
Israel, and as a result the 
sdeased m July 1985. .Mr 
fifmlty arg nedsttxm^y 
scch d ee bn g s then, and Presi- 
dent Reagan aptwrratiy or- 
dered foe operations halted. 

However, despite a strong 
statement in May tfos year 

saying the US vrould “not pay 
l ansomsy rdease prisoners, 
djajoe its policies or agree to 

other acts- that .might 
encourage additional 
tenorism”, Mr Reagan wbsm 
pqsi nd ed in June to change^ 
tmnri by foe current na- 
tional security advise r. Ad- 
miral John Poindexter. 

The State Department was 
not officially informed, 
though a few aides found out 
about this. The White House 

also did not involve the CIA, 
fearing foal it would have to 
report to Congress and there 
was then a! real danger of a 

■ f^a lr ■" 

The operation was instead 
directed t^f the National Sec- 

gJ'SIJ Ijg r 


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Aronnd Britain 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,198 
will appear 
next Saturday 


* Midlands: Al: Contraflow ax 
Newark, southbound traffic can 
join the Al at Carlton on Tram, 
hm cannot leave al Cromwell: 
northbound traffic can join at 
Cromwell bat cannot leave. at 
Cardion on Trent. A41; Major 
roadworks between Falcon Hffl 
and village hall, 4 miles N of 
Hatton on Warwick to Bar- 

lsiirwham Road. 

Wales and West A30: Surfac- 
ing work on Camborne - 
Sconier Bypass (Comw^I); 
contraflow between Sconier and 
Avers roundabout. 

The North: A69: Bridge works 

and contraflow at 
Derwenthangh Viaduct (Gates- 
head Western Bypass) 

Scotland: Afe CoiBBuctOTof 
inierchange with A85. at Perth 
Western Bypass, inside lanes 
dosed onbothcamagcways. 
informatioB supplied by-AA 
Motorways page 4 

1 5.15 pm to 658«n 


KasEg ie 


...52 . 

ruse « 

Our address 

Concise Crossword page 14 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
13172 (+31 A) 

FT-SE 10Q . 
1662.6 (+30.5) 


34411 (37598) 

! USM (Datastreazr 
128.88 (+2.63) ■ 

(Change on we 


1 .4275 (+0.0220) 

W German mark 
23449 (+0.0468) 

1 69.4 (+1.0) [ 

high sales 

' From Derek Harris 

Saks of next summer's holi- 
days are well up On those sold 
this time last year, according 
to tour operators arriving hoe 
for the animal convention this 
.week of the- Association of 
British Travel Agents. 

This comes on top of good 
profits from a package tours 
market which this s umme r 
grew by about 25 per cent after 
heavy price cooing by the 
leading operators. 

■ The optimism <mwng the 
3,600 delegates about sales for 
next year was tempered by the 
fret that no-one was able to 
predict the strength of the 
boom or whether it would 
suddenly run out of steam. 

Pkkfords Tiavd, one of the 
top four retail agency chains, 
yesterday reported its sake up 
by 110 per cent on the same 
time last year — the increase in 
real terms bong about 85 per 
cent after allowing for die 
effect of new outlet openings. 

At Thomson Holidays; the 
market leader among the tour 
operators, Mr Paul Brett, 
managing director/ said that 
sales kh* next summer's holi- 
days were more than 610,000 
—a third upon kstyear. 

Tins fr. the upper timit erf 
Thomson expectations, lead- 

forecasts for market growth 
next summer to 10 percent 

GOt-edfced 22 IS NoWbMk 23 
Cb Nan 2*23 Analysis . 25 
Comment 23 MancyMiteS 
USM rerfcw 23 SfanfeiEidi 25 
USM prices 23 S5»re Prices 2 6 

Up to 45 per cent of the 
‘ May when 

sales are in May when Thom- 
son, like its key competitors, k 
offering many of its dis- 
counted bargains to encourage 
early booking. 

June, with more offers, 
accounts for about another 30 
per cent but up to 20 per cent 
of sales are high season 

Significantly, even special- 
ist brochure programmes, 
based on the five-star hotels 
where price rises have been 
most prominent, a re show ing 
sales increases of between 15 
and 17 per cent. 

Thomson, like many other 
tour operators, las kept its 
average price at this year’s 
level by introducing a greater 
proportion of apartment and i 
other self-calffling holidays 
There has been increasing : 
speculation that once the early 
bargains have gone tour op- , 
eratOTs were likely to re- j 
launch brochures for the main 
high season with lower prices 
If that happened those who 
had already booked would 
receive the advantage of the 
reduced prices. 

Pickfords Says it expects a 
significant number of tour 
operators to relaunch later 
with adjusted prices because 
high season prices appear to 
be up by between 20 and 25 
percent . , _ 

While Spain and Gree ce 
still account for three-quarters' 
of the summer mark et the 
popularity of other destina- 
tions has risen sharply with 
demand for Malta up by about 
two-thiiris and Yugoslavia 
about the same. 

TODAY - i— *■<»■« Anrer- 
sham International, Canadian 
Pacific, Future HoMin^wj 




and threw their full support the economy, appeals to have 
behind the re-election of the mtwi modi of toe out 
Conservative Government- of rut r x it i r»a m <e of govern- 
On the eve erf toe tenth meat policy. 

- annual -con ference of the Sir Terence said that gov- 
Confederation of British In- eminent spending was set to 
dustry at Bournemouth, the frn as a proportion of gross 
employers’ group — which in domestic product. The Gnm- 
the past has avoided stating cdlor was still on line to mee& 
any overt political prefere n ce the target of the Government’s 

— foe the' fast time openly medium-team, financial strat- 

— fisc the' fast time openly 
welcomed the prospect of a 
thud consecutive wm for the 
Tories.. ' 

Mr David Nickson, chair- 
man of Scottish and New- 
castle Breweries and the CBI 
president, said at a press 
c o nference that he fiigy agreed 
with the organization's retir- 
ing directorgeneral. Sir. Ter- 
ence Beckett; who said in an 
interview with The Times last 
week that the election of a 
Labour Government would 
pul Britain bade into “the 
mayhem of the 1970s.” 

Mr Nickson added: “The 
climate for enterprise is now 
better in this country than for 
many years and we broadly 

of the Government” 

Last week's antnmn state- 
ment from Mr Nigel Lawson, 
Chancellor -erf the Exchequer, 
which promised some in- 

egy. “The Government did 
not deviate from that prin- 
ciple last Thursday arid we 
support them.” 


However, a number of is- 
sues which could test the CBI 
leadership's loyalty to Mrs 
Thatcher’sadmmistration will 
arise during conference de- 
bates. Members are still 
damouring for Britain to join 
the wpiwny rate mechanism 
Of the European Monetary 
System and toe organization 
has yet to give its fall support 
to tax cuts in the next Budget 
rather than strong fiscal mea- 
sures to mh» unemployment. 

Yesterday, the CBI 

htm e h ed a 21-point business allow for this, real expenditure 
manifesto — with the prospect by Government should not 

of a general election within a 
year — and said that un- 

Coal into profit’ 
within two years 

By David Yomig, Energy Correspondent 

. British Coal will reveal this larger share of the industrial 
week that it is on target to market, despite intense corn- 
move into profit in two years’ petition from the ofl corn- 
time, that it is consistently parties who have been able to 
beating productivity records pass on the effects of toe fell in 
and that it is still winning an prices. However, the instabil- 
indeaang share of the indn£- ity in the oO market — prices 
trial' market. are expected to rise this week 

- Interim figures; to be~ pub- m the. wake of new initiatives 
fished tomorrow, arc expected from- the Oiganiration of 
to confirm that toe industry Petroleum Exporting Goon-, 
has finally shaken off the tries— is being turned to cooTs 
effects of the ycar-kmg strike; advantage. ' ' 

This is toe first time I 

Goal salesmen have been 

than a ticcafe that toe in- able to offer long-term con- 
.dnstry baa announced official - tracts, guaranteeing supplies 
detafisofits perfonnapcehalf and prices. The. fret that 
way through its financial yean British Cool, then called the 

. Losses wfllbe confirmed at National Goal Board, was abk 
about £250 mfflion, but it is to maintain supplies to all its 

likely that the indosl 
chairman. Sir Robert 

new industrial customers during 
bm, the strike, has been a major 

win announce tiiat total losses factor in increasing market 
for the year win be contained share. 

at wily 

year win oe 
£50 million : 

hit by the frn in the worid 

1 The industry has also been 
helped by the Government 
grant scheme which meets 

price which forced it to cut part of the cost of converting 
prices to the electricity supply industrial boilers from ral to 
industry, a move which took coaL That scheme is due to 
away £40O million in revenue, expir e next June and the 
However, productivity industry is now attempting to 
gains have been made with persuade Mr Peter Walker, the 
output during last' month Energy Secretary, either to 
reaching 3.5 tonnes per man in extend it or to make sure that 
each shift, an increase of 22. any of toe £75 million allo- 
per cent on output last cated towards it which has not. 
October. been spent carried over 

The iminstry’s sales teams so that late applicants can be 
have also been winning a considered. 

Opencast mine owners 
seek increased prices 


Privately-owned opencast Goal third tranche price, 
coaloperators are to meet the particularly as they have to 
Central Electricity Generating pay British Coal a royalty of 
Board today to try to renego- £16 'a. tonne: 
jjgte A* ntrac ts under The Association of 

wfndi suppb es framttra- sites Opencast Operators has been 
are bought by the CEGR. advised - that the' CEGB 

The board, which last year arrangements with British 
took mare <h an 2 motion Goal may be in breach of 
tonnes from the 32 opencast Common Market competition 
operators, has said that this policy. 

yearit wiD. take only I million — ; 

tonnes and at a price of£29.50 -w^ w t 

“pHce^^as Brokers 

that at which British Goal -g 

delivers toe third tranche of its ACfeCAC Ko 

yearly 72 nuDion-trame con- w3€K 

tract The first tranche is 
inked at £47 a tonne and the 
second at £34 a tonne. . 

increase by more than l per 
cent a year. 

Saudi push 
for higher 
oil price 

■ By David Young 
Energy Correspondent - 

Saadi Arabia, the world’s 
hugest oQ exporter, has 
started a campaign to force the 
oD price back Bp towards $18 a 
barrel by the end of the year. 

' King Fahd and the ofl 
m?Bi rfw | Sheikh Htsham 
Nazer, have been involved in 
ttenaws over the weekend 
on the ofl price. 

The Hag has been seeking 
tee sop port of toe Uafted Arab 

Emhitwi apd Qatar to tindt 
production wd posh np prices. 
Sheikh Nazer, who reduced 
Sheikh Atoned Zaki Yamui, 
has prasoaded toe Organiza- 
tion of Pc fro fe ra n Exporting 
Countries to cal l a meeti ng erf 
its price-fixmg committee. 

The committee, which has 
been dormant while Opec has 
ptBsrad Shrikb YamanTs pol- 
icy of mamtaaring aratoet 
share and allowing the ofl 
price to be set in the free 
market, will meet in Ecuador 
this week. 

The committee consists of 
Libya, Ecuador and Kuwait, 
whose ofl minister. Sheikh Ali 
Khafifa, wfl] chair the meet- 

. Sheikh Ali, who has been 
attempting to persuade Opec 
members to accept new quotas 
based on a more s ci en tifi c 
formula, said in Kuwait yes- 
terday that toe committee wfl] 
report to Opec*s fall min- 
isterial meeting on December 
11 . 

‘ World prices are hovering at 
under $15 a faarrel and a move 
by 'Opec to return to a fixed 
releraKe price for its contract 
sales would increase Britain’s 
North Sea tax revenaes and 
retxra many projects sched- 
uled for development in toe 
North Sea back to viability. 

At present; toe 12 Opec 
members are Uniting output to 
15 milflon barrels a day, with 

Iraq exempted from the quota 


By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Britain's industrial leaders crease , in puMic expenditure employment would be a cen- 
yesterriay broke with tradition and a pre- d ection stimulus to traJ issue: 

‘ L ’ support the economy, appears to have “White business obviously 

n or toe faitwi much of toe steam rat shares in toe desire to see tie 
meat. of CBI ctitiQsins of govern- number out of work reduced, 
ictenth ment policy. it has also to resist those 

ra the Sir Terence said that gov- poticies which wiD harm the 
itish In- emmeat spending was set to economy and reduce ourabil- 

poticies which wiD harm the 
economy and reduce our abil- 
ity to compete in world mar- 

“The CBI does not believe 
government can create large 
numbers of jobs by fuelling 
additional +mand in toe 
economy. This can only raise 
inflation, erode competitive- 
ness and lead to fewer jobs,” 

The manifesto, to be sent to 
the Prime Minister and other 
.political leaders, says that 
government should influence 
toe dimMft and environment 
in which business operates^ 

The long-term objective 
over the next 25 yeats should 
be annual growth m consumer 
spending of 2.75 per cent per 
head which would be achieved 
only if Britain won ba& a 
greater share of world 


To encourage free enter- 
prise and growth it was essen- 
tial that toe tax burden should 
be reduced significantly and to 

Allies in Bournemouth yesterday: Sir Terence Beckett, left, and Mr David Nickson, who 
are suited against what they describe as a re turn to *the mayhem of the 1970s* 

Lawson boom may ease the 
way for 2p income tax cut 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, is likely to find room 
for a sizeable reduction in 
income tax in the next Budget, 
through a combination of 
creative accounting and 
op timis tic assumptions. 

He is unlikely to attempt a 
cut in the baric rate of income 
tax vf 25 per cent from the 
current 29 per cent in rate, 
move, although after last 
week’s au tumn statement the 
parameters of policy have 
clearly dianp d, 

However, a 2p reduction in 
the rate is likely, costing £2.2 
billion in 1987-88. 

City economists, in assess- 
ing the Treasury’s new spend- 
ing plans — with the planning 
total for next year raised by 
£4.7 billion — conclude that 
the scope for tax cuts within 
toe Chancellor's existing 
borrowing targets is limited. 

Mr toD Martin of Phillips &. 
Drew estimates that £1 billion 
of tax cuts will be possible, a 
view shared by Mr Roger 
Bootle of Lloyds Merchant 


But Mr Keith Skeoch of 
James Capel suggests that 
even without any tax cuts the 
Chancellor is likely to over- 
shoot his borrowing targets. 

By Davy Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Nigel (tub TAY RimncM spending is already buoyant, 

ram * inc iaa Dunucn an y e xtra tends to go into 

u in Taxes and social socurftv goods which attract value- 

dget, comrttwtons as percentage added tax, and not zero-rated 

i of of Gross Domestic Product goods such as food. 

45 The Treasury will, there- 

fore, be able to produce figures 
pointing to further strong rises 
40 m non-oil revenaes. A cut in 
income tax, it win be argued 
will partly finance itseff 

(78798081 8283848588 35 JSfSSdS’SXSS 
I 'e s ti mate arises from the new spenam b 

1 targets themselves. Mr Law- 

On the BBC tetevirion pro- son can be expected to argue 
gramme This Week. Next that because these have now 
Week Mr Lawson said that been set more realistically, the 
the new spending plans would contingency reserve, currently 
result in “not a penny piece of £3.5 billion for next year, can, 
additional borrowing.” be reduced. 

This suggests that he wiD be Although the Chancellor’s 
heavily constrained in any tax autumn statement was re- 
reductions next March. How- garded as politically astute, 
ever, there are ways in which the Government is still open 
the Chancellor can break free to the charge that it has 
of such constraints without presided over a sharp increase 

apparently borrowing more. 

A feature of the Lawson 

in toe tax burden. 
Tax and social 


boom for consumer spending, contributions account for 
apart from the fret that it has more than 44 per cent of 
produced a widening trade national income, compared 
deficit, is that non-oil tax with 39 percent in 1979. 
revenues have been highly The political pressure for 
buoyant. tax cuts remains and the 

This is partiy because of Chancellor reaffirmed his 
strong growth in earning. In commitment to them yes- 
addition, when consumer terday. 

ABF may become predator 

By Carol Ferguson 

Assoc i a ted British Foods, purposes of its trade, or that it 
toe food manufacturer, may has other plans far using the 
be about to make a major - money. Otherwise, sbarehold- 
ac q ui si tion. City analysts ers will be taxed as if they had 


Since it sold Fine Fare, last 
June, its nwh mountain hag 
grown to £900 million and is 
generating investment income 
at a prodigious rale. 

As a family-controlled com- 
pany, or close company as it is 
legally called, ABF is required 
by law to distribute all its 
unearned income unless it can 
convince the Inland Revenue 
that it needs toe cash for toe 

£5m purchase 
by Bodycote 

Bodycote International is 
paying £5 million for L Marks, 
a company which supplies 
packets for seeds, and the 
catering industry. 

The privately-owned com- 
pany, of Stockport, Cheshire, 
will receive £4 million in cash 
and £1 . milli on in new 
Bodycote shares. About an- 
otherfl.S million wiD be paid, 
depending on profits over the 
next two years. 

Marks, trading under the 
name of Stockpack, made 
pretax profits of £728,000 in 
the year to March 31. 

received the cash. 

On the basis of the 16 per 
cent increase in toe interim 
dividend, the gross cost of this 
year’s payout is likely to be 
£40 -million. On any sort of 
reasonable return, ABF’s in- 
come on its cash and invest- 
ments will be twice that. 

The easiest way to reduce 
toe investment income is to 
make a major acquisition. 
Names like United Biscuits, 

capitalized at £1 bflfion, and 
Northern Foods, capitalized 
at nearly £600 million, are the 
ones most mentioned as take- 
over possibilities in the food- 
manufac tnring business, but 
monopoly considerations 
would make such takeovers 

The company is aware of 
the problem. Mr Garry Wes- 
ton, the chairman, said : “It 
would be desirable not to be a 
dose company,” raising toe 
possibility that the Weston 
family will sell some of its 

Analysis, page 25 

LCP chief 
angry over 
White bid 

By Carol Leonard 

LCP Holdings, the property 
developer and car parts 
distributor, which is on the 
receiving end of a hostile £ 1 47 
million takeover bid from 
Ward White, owner of Owen 
Owen and Pay less DIY, has 
launched a fearsome four- 
pronged attack against its 

Ax the weekend Mr David 
Rhead, chairman of LCP, 
wrote to Ward White 
shareholders. Today he will 
unveil his company’s interim 
results — brought forward two 
weeks and certain to impress 
— and on Wednesday he 
publishes his defence 

He has also complained to 
the Takeover Panel about the 
rise in Ward White’s share 
price last week — from 303p to 

Describing Mr Philip Birch, 
chair man of Ward White, as 
“just a paper merchant,” Mr 
Rhead says: “I'm a hands-on 
manager and I find it deeply 
offensive to be attacked in this 

“I'm not normally a person 
whose response is anger but 
some of the things put out by 
Ward White are monstrous.” 

The' LCP letter to Ward 
White's shareholders is un- 
usual in that de.fenHing c hair , 
men do not usually have 
direct contact with sharehold- 
ers of the aggressor. 

“It is unusual but it’s not the 
first time,” says Mr David 
Davies, of Sdnoders, LCFs 
adviser. “We derided to do it 
because Ward White's 
shareholders have to vote on 
the bid and we want to pre- 
empt that vote.” 

Mr Rhead, in his letter, 
urges shareholders to vote 
against toe bid, warning them 
that their company might 
overstretch itsetfif it tried to 
simultaneously finance expan- 
sion at Whitlock, LCFs 
United States group of motor 
parts centres, and at its own 
recent acquisitions. 

Mr Rhead writes: “Since its 
1986 report and accounts 
Ward White's net borrowings 
have risen from £42.4 million 
to £92.1 minion, an increase 
in debt as a percentage of 
shareholders’ funds from 35.3 
per cent to 80 per cent” 

He also highlights the issue 
of yet more Ward White 
paper. “Some 24 million or- 
dinary shares and 61 million 
convertible preference shares 
will be issued. Your 
shareholding is being diluted 
again barely six months after 
toe Payless acquisition.” 

LCFs letter crossed with a 
letter written by Mr Birch to 
LCP shareholders. 

Mr Birch claims that the 
growth rate of LCFs pretax 
profits has declined over toe 
past four years, that toe trad- 
ing-profits of Whitlock in- 
creased by less than Vz per cent 
last year despite an increase in 
selling space and that last 
year’s dividend of £3.7 million 
represented nearly two-thirds 
of earnings. 

Brokers’ weekend at work 
eases backlog of bargains 

secoraauw*. The Gty w» a hire of 
. . Tbe opencast oper a tors ar- activity at toe weekend ns 
gue that they cannot compete aeons of stockbrokers worked 
with the subsidised Bc&isii on both Saturday and Sanday 

to sort oat toe problems which 
had erased a backlog . of 
50,090 unmatched 

Resources, Redfeam National transactions. 

Glass; Smiths Industries; They nflkd to a caff from 

Drayton Consolidated irm, 
Lucas Industries. 
TOMORROW - Interims 
Anglo American Coal U»P, 
Apricot Computers, Gow* 
Group, De 

MomgBie Mercantile Hw*- 
ims. J Sainsbniy, Utaaniar, 
Unilever. Finals Oyde Btow- 
cre. Cosalt, Microfilm Repro- 
graphics. New Court Trust, 
Scottish- NationaTTrust, Tfcer 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Allied Irish Banks, Commer- 
cial Union Assnrance^Et- 
.tetnaJ Investment Trust, Gra- 
cia! Accident Fire & Life- 

Resources, Redfeam National 
Glass, Smiths Industries, 
Swindon Private Hospital. 

THURSDAY — Ertnu n s: 
Boddey’s Brewery, Hampton 
Trust, Hanover Droce, Land 
Securities, Mitchell Somers, 
Novo Industrie Outwich Inv- 
estment Trust, Plessey, 
Readied Intentanooit Royal 
Insurance; Staveley- - In- 
dustries. Storehouse; Valor, 
Whitbread Investment Com- 
pany. finals: 30. Gkeson 
Group, High-Point Services 
Group; L«T Holdings, Na- 
tional Australia Bank, WeII- 

FRIDAY - Interims: Cedi I 

By Oar City Staff 

The City was a hire of Stock Birhaogie, which checks 
activity at toe weekend as and matches dl barg ains , wfll 
semes of stockbrokers worked notbe in action again unlilthK 
oa both Sstorday and Ssnday eremug hat the Ex chang e g 
to sort out toe problems which now forecasting a smooth rm 
had caused a backlog . of of about 6,000 transactions 
50,090 unmatched every aaghk clearing the 

traHsactious. ’ remaining backlog well Before 

Tie? raflkd to a caff from toe last Talisman ran on 
Mr AfidndJaher, head ef Friday. _ . 

the Stock Exchange Settle- Mr Luke Glass, toe Stink 

meats Department, to work 
nnud toe dock to ensure that 
toe pcobkns, caasefc ky ,n- 
f nimiu i ty with toe new Big 
Rang syste m s, woe solved £ 
time for Settl em en t Day, next 

The Stock Exchange snow or two err 
confident its target wfll be met do not mat 
Of toe 5BJ090 outstanding past we hi 
hawaariinm - which repve- get all M 
seals 25,000 actual bargaas— cleared dn 
aD but 32,000 were for mhs or. toe accom 
overseas stocks, which are looking as 
settled immediately <gacqxd- be down to 
mg to toe regul at ions <rf toe The Taj 
country concerned. Th at figure jeefs any 

Gee, G T Global, Recovery country canoemed. Thai figure 
Investment' Trust. Hartwells of 32^00 had been reduced to 
Group, Wdpac,. Final* Bar- 2fr000 ty Friday nmrafagaad 
ton Transport, London 2fc560 by Saturday. 
Entertainmen ts, Town Centre TaBsmaa. toe centra l settle- 

femririf*. ant service op erate d by the 

f work Exchange press officer, said: 
in that “If we carry on at this rate 
by k- then, in theory, we should have 
iw Big dearedlOOpercentbyThms- 
Eved fa . day morning. Bat if we do, it 
y,-next wfll be toe tost time ever 
fr ecuM! these are always one 
snow or two erroneous ones which 
be met do not make it through. In the 
mim* past we bare always tried tit 

get all but about I percent 
gams — cleared dining the _ coars e of 
phsor. toe account and it is now 
± are looking as if we wfll certainty 
raid- be down to that figure.” 
of toe The Talisman system re- 
t figure jeds any faarpin entries 
nf fd pi which contain even toe smaH- 
xsaad est error. Since Big Bang toe 
number of market-makers has 
settle- increased from 19 re more 
by the tins 60 and these inexperi- 

ence, coopted with coufttsion 

ami ■uhmiiBarify with Hif 

increased Member of market- 
makers' codes, has caused this 
unprecedented delay. 

Mr Glass said: “The appeal 
far brokers to work at toe 
weekend had a very good 
response, and most toms hare 
sow corrected all the errors in 
thdr paperwork, ready to feed 
ft all straight into tire system 
this week. 

“There was never any qaes- 
tfaa of chests who had sold 
stock not getting their cheques 
on time. It was only toe 
stodtorokfimfirms who would 
bare been affected, if we bad 
not been ableto sort ft out, and 
because they wodd not have 
had to pay for any ao- 
quisitfots, the overall effect 
would have been nrinhnaL" 

He said it was unlikely that 
weekend working would be- 
come a regular feature for 
settlement staff; as they be- 
come i nc re asin gl y ft miliar 
with toe new system, fad he 
w t mft h d fiat it mi ght be 
necessary when dealings be- 
ganin British Gas next month. 

^ble mottle. 

Wouldn't it be marvellous if you, could choose how mucb you 
pay each month in mortgage repayment? 

It is possible. John Char-col's new flexible mortgage is quite 

It combines toe advantages of a fixed Interest/floating 
interest mortgage with toe possibility of reducing toe monthly 
payment without prior notice. 

Unlike other mortgages, which either fame a fixed interest 
rate or one that floats up and down depending on toe market, our 
new mortgage gives you a choice. 

You may opt for a floating rate and then change your mortgage 
to a fixed rate at a month’s notice. More interesting, you may opt 
to defer up to 30% of toe payments whenever you wish. 

TTils means you can choose to pay less if toe interest rate rises. 
Or If your other commitments rise. 

If your other expenses come down, or your income climbs 
temporarily, you may opt to pay more. 

Our new mortgage is available to everyone who is looking to 
borrow between £15,001 and £250,000, up to 3.5 times a smgje 

It is available to purchase properties tip to 100% of their 
value, although sums up to 70% can be borrowed without a status 

In short, if your income is flexible, if your outgoings are 
flexible, if you just don’t know enough about your future earnings, 
or even if you just don't want to be tied down to a fixed monthly 
repayment, then our new mortgage is for you. 

Telephone us on 01-589 7080 for our brochure or to make 
an appointment 


Mercury Horae. 195Kiu^tabridie.LoaioaSW7 IRE. Tfel; 01 -5897080. 


ex, te- 
nd rose 
3wth in 
ras an 
of the 
from 7 
ni and 
tgles is 
d mil- 

10 mil- 1 
ex pea- 
ked to 
which ' 
it dot 
ils are 



Britain to 
face car 
by Italy 

By Anne Warden 
Britain's relative strength in 
the export market for speci- 
ality can could face fierce 
competition from the ex- 
pected combination of Alfa 
Romeo and Lancia under the 
proposals for Alfa’s ac- 
quisition by Fiat 
The offer, in competition 
against a bid from Ford, was 
accepted by the Italian state 
industry holding group on 

The two names together 
would constitute Europe's big- 
gest luxury car company, 
according to Signor Cesare 
Romiti, Fiat group managing 

Hat intends to take a stake 
of at least SI per cent in the 
proposed new company, in 
which it would invest about £4 ! 
billion, a spokesman said. The i 
group, one of the six leading 
volume carmakers in Europe, 
already owns the Ferrari 
sports car name as well as 

Signor Umberto Agnelli, 
Fiat vice-president, said in 
Tokyo last month that 
“prestige” cars such as the 
Alfa models were the sort that 
could be the most attractive 
on one market on which the 
group has been focusing its 
attention recently — Japan. 
Direct distribution there, was 
not proposed for the present, 
but was not ruled out, he said. 

Fiat's acquisition of Alfa 
will take it further into the 
niche car territory in which 
Britain's car makers have 
remained relatively most 
successful, with Jaguar, in 
particular, in profit. 

Laird to issue 
£100m notes 

The Laird Group has ap- 
pointed S G Warburg to ar- 
range a £100 million 
commercial paper programme 
under which it intends to issue 
short-term notes denominated 
in sterling or dollars. 

Dealers to the programme 
will be Samuel Montagu and S 
G Warburg, with Samuel 
Montagu also acting as issuing 
and paying agent 





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1 1 1 to a v; -1 • <’■ 

-* 1 • ■ i '.lr %' A > • : J .«1 ^ 

warns of 

By John Beil, City Editor 

The powerful exporting 
companies of Japan may soon 
become corporate raiders 
according to a top Tokyo 

The Group of Five accord, 
signed 14 months ago, which 
was designed to pash the yen 
to ranch higher levels against 

the dollar, marked a water- 
shed for those Japanese com- 
panies that for several decades 
have cat swathes throogh the 
world’s electr o nics, vehicles, 
machine tool and heavy en- 

• 1 * h>- 1 > i # M » K 1 1 


DRI expects growth to slow 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

World economic growth 
prospects have deteriorated, 
according to the latest forecast 
from DRI Europe, published 
today- . 

The result will be signifi- 
cantly lower growth in the 
British economy than was 
forecast in the Treasury’s au- 
tumn statement. 

DRI expects a slowing of 
growth in Britain from almost 
3 per cent this year (the 
Treasury estimate was 2.5 per 
cent) to 14 per cent next and 
1.8 per cent in 1988. 

The Treasury forecast is for 
3 per cent growth for next 
year. However, DRI cites 
three factors in its gloomier 
assessment of prospects. 

The first is that the US 
economy has slowed and the 
correction in the US trade 
imbalance is now expected to 
take longer than originally 
thought In addition, the 
rebasing of US national ac- 
counts to 1982 prices shows 
dower growth. 

A second factor is the 
relatively sluggish perfor- 
mance of the German econ- 
omy because of the weakness 
of construction investment 
and exports. Germany is fore- 
cast to grow by only 2.1 per 
cent next year. 

Thirdly, the boom after the 
fell in world oil prices is now 
taking place but is not that 
substantial In most countries 

it will be insufficient to reduce 
unemployment,, the forecast- 
ers say. 

Tbe relatively unexciting 
growth in prospect for Europe 
is likely to lead to renewed 
calk from the United States 
for expansionary policies, 
notably in Germany. 

But DRI says that such calls 
are misdirected. “Europe can- 
not help the United Slates 
because h is not a large enough 
trading partner'’. 

“The European Commu- 
nity accounts for only 23 per 
cent of US merchandise ex- 
ports whereas tbe current 
account deficit represents al- 
most 40 per cent of total US 

What’s stopping 

yoi it trader from 

getting the best deal? 

C ould it be that management is on his 
back slowing him down and dictating 
the way he deals? 

Smith New Court are the major indepen' 
dent British market-maker - the only one not 
controlled by any outside group. Nobody 
\ tells us how or -what to trade: we decide 
$9 for ourselves. 

y So nobody stops Smith New Court from 
' g ett ing the best deals for you. 

Our shareholders do not 
influence our business, nor do 
• if they deflect us from offering the 
WKM; soundest advice and the keenest 

We will never impose any 
1 predetermined pattern of trading 
gjM \ because we believe that flexibility is 
rl KaA the surest policy. 

W Furthermore, our research and 
ufiyragency company is independent from 
V> W our market'raaking side. 

V \bull find us on The Stock Exchange 

| floor, where our pitches are equipped 
| with the latest technology. To serve inter- 
\ national clients, we duplicate those farili' 
ties in many of our offices. 

V\k are also well established in America, 
the Far East and Australia, and dedicated to 
further expansion overseas. 

Whatever the size or complexity of your 
order; talk to Smith New Court. 

A j. Lewis, Chairman, O 

Smith New Court PLC.. ^ iyf IT u 

Chetwynd House, '^=r ™ A A “ 

24 St. Swithiri s Lane, N £ W 

London EC4N SAL /i r t tj np 

Telephone 01*626 1544. L U U K r 

Telex 884410. prr 

hst, decisive, independent . 

i7TfT?r ti[ii 

I -■ I H ~ J 




A strong yen has become a 
permanent factor In their cor- 
porate Jives-Today the Ingest 
are seeking new ways of 
craning to terms with a harsher 
trading envfrtmineat Accord- 
ing to Mr Jeff Uscher, analyst 
at stockbroker Hoare Goretfs 
Tokyo office, it is jost a mattes 
of time before they begin to use 
their substantial cash . re- 
sources to diversify at home or 
to buy overseas mumlacteriag 

Mr Uscher calculates that 
there are five major Japanese 
companies with spare cash in 
their balance sheets of moke 
than S2 baboo. 

He has done his sons on the 
basis that these balances are 
liquid assets not committal to 
the day to day operations and 
could therefore be spent on 
acomsitioos w i thout affecting 
normal trading in any way. 

Toyota, the motor group, 
has £7.8 billion available in 
this way, enough to boy, for 
example, GEC, Flesscy and 
Racal - the bulk of Britain’s 
electronics indastry — in cue 
feO swoop. 

Hitachi has at its immediate 
disposal £3 J biffies, enough 
to swallow Beecham. Sanyo 
Electric, with £1.75 bOboo, 
cnnM write a cheque for both 
Cadbnry-Schweppes and 

“We expect the cash rich 
exporters to become bold cor- 
porate raiders and to justify 
their actions by saying that 
takeovers are neccessary to 
bolster earnings and to pre- 
save their tnufiitooal export 
businesses,” Mr Uscher said. 

longevity ' of the present 

Tbe latter concern has 
brought forth its own prog- 
eny: anxiety that tbe Govern- 
ment, confronted with an 
uncertain electoral prospect, 
would compromise its pre- 
vious anti-inflationary 

Such anxiety was initially 
fuelled by tbe headlong 
growth of money and credit 
and was reinforced by the 
Government’s dear reluc- 
tance to sanction an increase 
in base rates, despite 
sterling's abysmal perfor- 
mance on the exchanges. 

More recently fears about 
monetary policy have been 
supplemented by concern 
about fiscal policy. 

Mr Lawson’s revelation in 

INGS): Results for tbe six 
months to August 28. No in- 
terim dividend. Figures in 
£QOQs. A final dividend of 2p for 
the year ending January 31 1987 
is to be recommended. E a rnin gs 
per s hare 2.6 2p (232p). 

• BRITISH VITA: The com- 

pany is to purchase the Mid- 
lands-based PEC and Gfazepta 
companies and the related 
plymeric Interests of JMP Com- 
pounds and In versa! e, for £2.16 
milion cash. Tbe companies 
have an annual turnover of 
around £5 million. 

TRUST: Interim dividend 7.2p 
(6.6p). Net asset value per 
ordinary share at September 30 

— 593p, and at January 31 1986 

- 565p. 

VESTMENTS: Results for the 
half year to September 30 
(figures in Irf). Interim Lr2p or 
UK£1.8p (Ir l-5p). Earnings per 
share ll.61p (9.57p) and fully 
diluted 7.75p (6-20p). 

MENTS: Results for tbe six 



1 jItl] 

' . - j. ^ 

l*T* Vl'lCiU 

speculation grew that the 
long-elusive nirvana of low 
infla ting was within grasp, 
yields tumbled further — to 
go as low as 8% per cent by 

However, this heady down- 
ward movement went into 
reverse as investors increas- 
ingly realised that earlier 
enthusiasm had been over- 
done. So much so that in 
mid-September long gilt 
y i e lds passed through 10 per 
cent once more — but this 
tin 1 * travelling in the opp- 
osite direction. 

Zn part this deterioration is 
attributable to global in- 
fluences. The woridwide 
bond party, progressing so . 
riotously earlier this year, has 
come to a grinding halt 

The United States long 
bond yield, for instance, 
which has' come near to 
rfaiUfflging 7 per oent, has 
since moved baric to 7% per 
cent - 

■ By for the greatest damage 
however, has been wrought 
by domestic considerations — 
the coming to tbe forefront of 
specifically British problems. 
Most hurtful among these 
have been apprehensions < 
about future inflation, trade 

since earlier this year!) has 
provoked a chorus of com- 
ment that the Govonment b 
opening the spending flood- 
gates and, in so doing, is 
effecting a policy U-turn. 

As with roost distorted 
views of the world there w an 
dement of truth in this. Such 
comment, however, tends to 
miss the point ■ 

‘ Certainly the Chancellor 
has been compelled — for 
fundamentally political rea- 
sons - to accept a great deal 
more public mending than he 
would have liked. However, 
to cave in reluctantly to the 
collective pressure of Cabinet 
colleagues is not the same as 
to endorse the shift. 

Faced with such pressures, 
retention of the original, sup- 
posedly sacrosant £144 bil- 
lion planning total became 
impossible: the reserve would 
have been wholly exhausted. 
Instead, Mr Lawson decided 
to put a breve face on it, and 
to come dean. 

But, crucially, Mr Lawson 
has gnn pha’S 171 *! the need for 
CT i )finmng fiscal prudence 
and is determined to stick to 
his £7 billion PSBR target for 
next year — the sole remain- 
ing vestige of his much- 
battered medium-term 
financial strategy. 

If this is tbe case where is* 
the money for the higher 
spending to come from? In 
part Mr Lawson is banking 
on continued strong growth 
in non-oil revenues but be 
will also have to use the 
money previously earmarked 
for tax cuts. 

To say that scope for tax 
cuts next spring has wholly 
di^ppeared is premature. 
None the less, unless a sus- 
tained rise in the oil price 
comes to tbe rescue early 
enough to be incorporated 
into . Budget plans, Mr 
Lawson will be hard-pushed 
to deliver tax cuts wbSe 
retaining a credible £7 billion 
PSBR target- 


GROUP: Of tbe 11*900832 
sew ordinary shares offered by 
way of a rights issue, more than 
90 per cent were taken up. New 
ordinary shares sot takes np 
have been soM and the excess 
oversubscription (nice of 2p per 
new ordinary share will be 

Results for the half-year to 
September 30 in £000s. Interim 
dividend 7p (6pL Profit on 
dealing activities 55.241 
(70.121). Pretax profit 890,721 
(818,575). Tax 264,432 
(2624)66). Earnings per dune 

• GLEN ABBEY: Results for 
foe half-year ended June 30. 
Interim dividend Ir5p or 
UK4.68p (nil). Figures in 
IcEOOOs. Group turnover 3,532 
(8319). Pretax loss 205 (103L 
No tax (nil). Loss per share 5.7p 

in £000s). Interim 23p (2p). 
Turnover 5,690 (5,096). Invest- 
ment income 4,418 (3,417). 
Interest receivable less payable 
308 (144). Earnings per share 

INGS: Interim 3p, payable 
December 17. 

VISION: Results for the six 
months to August 31. Interim 
0.43p (same), pay January 9. 
Turnover £8,764,000 
(£7.496,225). Pretax profit 
£428,458 (£261,745). Tax 
£176,000 (£121.000). Earnings 
per share 1.87p(l.04p). 

ERY: Results for the 26 weeks to 
September 27. Interim 2.5p 
(same). Figures m £000s. Turn- 
over 16,011 (15J377). Pretax 
profit 1,696 (1,387). Tax 452 
(555). Earnings per share 23.7p 

HOLDINGS: Results for the six 
months to September 30. In- 
terim 3p (Z.8p). Figures in 
£OOOsl Turnover 4,600 (4,166). 
Trading profit 625 (623). Earn- 
ings per share 12 _ 2 p (1 Ip). 

NATIONAL: Results for the 
p^yx***** 1 company, Carreras 
Group, for the six months to 
September 30 (figures zn SOQQs). 
Interim 3.25 cents or Z27p (1.25 
cents interim cash distribution 
1.25 cents). Sales 198.335 
(140.867). Profit before tax 
14.430 (9,624). Tax 6,43 (4,599). 
Minority 471 (638). 




M M -• .11JB% ! 

Atom & Ccmwny 1UKJV 

BCd 11.06% i 

Crttenk Savings! : 12.45* i 

Gonstotobd Gate 11-00% 

CMpertfve Bank 11-00% 

C. Hose & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong 8 Shangta 11.00% 

LLwte Bank 11.05% 

Nat Westminster .11.00% 

Royd Bank at Safari. 13-00% 

158 11.00% 

(Stiff* NA 1100% 

t Mortgage Base Rats. 

TRUST: Dividend 0.7p (0.7p) 
for the six months to September 
30 payable December 22. In-' 
come from investments 
£330,470 (£559,703). Pretax 
profit £1 16,839 (£243,972). Tax 
£78,765 (£84,855). Earnings per 
share 032p (1.45pX 

• YORKLYDE: Interim divi- 
dend 2.75p (2.75p) for foe six 
months to July 31. Turnover 


• AD WEST GROUP! At foe 
annual meeting it was an- 
nounced that in the first three 
mouths of foe present year 
group sales, excluding ac- 
quisitions. are about the same as 
in tbe previous year. 

Given that he has flailed 
his colours to the mast flfl 
borrowing issue, it is difficult 
to see how be could adopt tbe 
higher borrowing course. 

We certainly doubt that he 
will, although we are resigned 
to the feet that at present we 
may be in a minority. 

If; indeed, we remain ro 
that position, then tire gilt- 
edged market will contimre to 
bebuffetted by feara atom 
the future course of policy. 
These fears will w ax and 
wane - together with percep- 
tion of political ride — with 
the movements in the opin- 
ion polls. 

And what of the outlook 
for short-term interest rates? 
Mr Lawson’s gamble that the 
1 percent rise in interest raws 
implemented last month 
would be enough has paid otc 
sterling initially steadied and 
subsequently rose. 

Recently it has beat under- 
pinned by the hopes fostered 
by the departure of Sheikh 
Yaroani, that S 1 8 a barrel is a 
realistic target and by tbe 
sharp comeback enjoyed by 
the Government in the opin- 
ion polls. 

It is probable - if sterling's 
recent, much better showing 
is sustained — that hopes will 
grow that base rates can come 
down once more in the near 

We suspect that any such 
hopes will prove unfounded. 
Having had one dosely- 
fought conflict with the global 
currency markets, Mr 
Lawson will he unwilling to 
risk another. Consequently, 
he will err very much on the 
ride of caution. For this 
reason base rates are likely to 
stay at 11 per cent wdl into 

Ian Harwood and 
John Shepperd 

The authors are directors of 
Warburg Securities. 

Newton, hoMer of 400.000 
shares (12.7 percent), has joined 
the board. 

Results forthe half year to July 3 
(figures in £000s). Interim 0.8p 
on enlarged share capital (0.8 p). 
Turnover 17,151 (16336). Tax 
480 (201). Earnings per share 
2.72p (1.02p adjusted). 

company has entered into an 
agreement to p enchase th co- 
existing beneficial share- 
holdings in Acrogold. The ven- 
dors each hold 25 percent of the 
issued share cap of Acrogold. 

• GIEVES GROUP: Results 
fix* the six months to July 3! 
(figures in £000s). Interim 1.2p 
(lp) to reduce disparity, payable 
December 19. Total turnover 
18,997 (16,445). Trading profit 
618 (537). Earnings per share 
4. Ip (3.6p). 

• HELICAL BAR: Results for 
the half year to August 2. 
Figures in £000s. Turnover 
6,593 (3,713). Operating profit 
448 (142). Interest payable 14 
(22). Pretax profit 434 (120). 
Tax 165 (60). Profit after tax 269 
(60). Earnings per share 6.7p 

Results for the 53 weeks to July 
31 (52 weeks) in £000s. Divi- 
dend 5.2 5p (4.25p) making 7p 
(5.75p), payable January 5. 
Turnover 46,599 (39.943). Pre- 
tax profit 3,856 (2,539). Earn- 
ings per share 36.81p (21 .29p). 

More company news 
is on page 23 

Thu advertaeamtu issued iacomplimcevmh the regaladm a f the 
Council of The Stock Exchange. Application has been made u> the 
Council of The Stack Exchange far die 24, 620, 762 Income Shares of 
12‘/jp eachimd the 24,620,762 Capital Shares of ] peach of Yeoman 
Investment Trust PLC to be admitted to the Official List. 


JtfBml.Vamkr 187666, 






24,620,762 Income shares of i2'£p each 
24,620,762 Capital shares oflp each 



£ 24638 


Details of tbe Income 2 nd Capital Shartsare available through foe 
Extel Statistical Services. Copies of the Circular to shareholders 
dated 10th October, 1986 can beobiained from: 

65 Buckingham Ga re 
London SWIE6AN 

SOU) Xorctnixr. I'OS 

PO Box 521 
1 FinsbiuvAvennc 
London EC2M2QE 

* n in . 




^ i. V 
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Six years old and junior 

grown-up loot 

The l/nfisted Securites Mar- 
ket celebrates its sixth birth- 
day this week amid signs that 
jts un fashionable phase is 
drawing to an end. The high 
ratings, which most com- 
panies commanded two years 
ago, have either been over- 
tax*® by rapid profit growth 
ot share prices arc at a point 
where many may offer good 

The performance of share 
prices and the level of Interest 
id the USM has improved 
over the past three momhc 

The junior maricet has 
two problems this year. The 
first was the proposal to 
exclude USM stocks from 
personal equity plans, on 
which the Government has 
execu ted a smart U-turn. The 
second, and more serious 
problem, has been investor 
concern over Kg Bang’s im- 
pact on smaller companies. 

It is too cariy to say how 
SEAQ is settling down. USM 

stocks are classified under the 
beta or gamma categories, 
with at least two market- 
makers in each stock. Tire 
brokers* involvement in fire 
marketing of smaller com- 
panies is likely to increase. 

Problems which have pre- 
occupied investors in the 
USM do not appear to have 

fisting should ensure that both 
'markets attract a fair share of 
new issues depending cm in- 
dividual company needs. 

The source of companies 
coming to rite market, may 
change over the next few 
years. In the past the USM Ibis 
attracted companies from sev- 
eral distinct categories. Some 

fiuLlj t "rr-— UO&. UIOUUM OUIUC 

nltom through to companies were almost entirely new seo- 
wjshmg to join the market, tors in public company life. 
The new-issue pipeline re- such as the? marketing services 
tradra fii^^with toe market companies. Others were old- 

passing its SOOto flotation at 
toe beginning of toe month. 

. The number of USM flota- 
tions in the past 12 mrmth^ jg. 
95. This is consistent with the 
number of new issues every 
year since 1983. 

What of toe future? To 
some extent toe arrival of toe 
g amma stocks, as a separate ' 

entity, * will diminish the 
separation in investors’ minds 
between, folly gmaiiw 
companies and USM stocks. 

established family businesses 
which used toe USM as a 
means of diluting ownership 

To toe . USM founders’ 
s atisfact ion, there have been 
many fast-growing companies 
requiring equity finance: This 
has given a high-tech flavour 
to toe USM. 

The last 12 months has seen 

the start of a trend which is 
Kkely to become more im- 
portant — the management 

who bought out the subsid- 
iaries of Larger companies 
three or four years ago, have 
chosen tins route to reduce 
their personal gearing. There 
have been no fewer than 11 
such issues this year, and, as 
manage ment buyouts con- 
tinue to gam popularity, t his is 
Ukdy to provide a source of 
new issues in the future. 

. The other source of new 
issues will be the Business 
Expansion Scheme. The first 
of these should reach mu mriiy 
under toe five-year retention 
rule in 1988. A USM flotation 
will probably prove the most 
satisfactory method for early 
investors to realize some of 
thdr gains. The City’s USM 
fraternity is optimistic about 
its future now that the USM 
has matured. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies' unit at 







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New dollar 
bands add 
to pressure 
on deficit 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

This week has 
cstabfishmeflt of a new set of 
“n ar ro w hands" for tire foreign 

part and parcel of toe genera! 
return towards fixed exchange 
rates between the yen, mark, 
Swiss franc and dollar. 

As the new narrow bands 
have been worked oat, they 
represent a gradual increase in 
the value of the dollar. 

This forms part of tire 

(n m u t fEaflaHt by Japan a nd 

West Germany on the attempt 
by Mr James Baker, the 
American Treasury Secretary, 
to cimthme the devaluation of 
the dollar that began in 
September 1985. 

The most drastic adjust- 
ment has been in the valne of 
the yen, which has been 
poshed down substantially 
more than the mark or the 
Swiss franc. 

The old bands, which app- 
lied tmtfl the week ended 
October 31, are given in 
brackets after the new bands, 
derived from the December 
fotmes contracts for these 
currencies: yen 60-62 (64-66) 
-156-152 to toe dollar - 161- 
167 (new); mark 48-50 (49- 
51k and Swiss franc 58-60 

The effect of these changes 
wiD be to Increase the pressare 
on toe American trade deficit 


James Baker, little success 
in devaluing tire dollar 
somewhat and to provide an 
added dement of deflationary 
pressure to toe domestic 

The changes are not drastic, 
although in principle the 
Japanese backsliding bodes fll 
for the futu re of co-operation 
between toe US and Japan. 

Meanwhile, toe bond mar- 
ket is bavins a straggle to 
break oat of the dispiriting 
pattern of a “trading 
that has applied since April. 

The bears are still pretty 
modi in command of this, 
market, refusing to permit a 
substantial continuing rally, 
even though bond prices have 
definitely improved since Oct- 
ober 20. 

There was a preliminary 
panic on Thmsday when it was 
realized that a big payroll 
ft number could be 
puMishea on Friday. When 
the number came ont at a 
300,000 increase for October, 
however, toe bond market 
reaction was cooL 
No doom It was realized 
that when the October figures 
are put into the context of the 
low Angng and September 
numbers, the trend growth of 
employment in the latest quar- 
ter, at 214,000 a month, tarns 
ont to have been Uttie different 
from the average monthly 
increase of 204000 in the last 
15 mmi f bs- 

With toe appointments of 
conservative Democrats to 
many key Senate and Honse 
committees, the importance of 
the mid-term elections as a 
source of trouble is befog 
progressively reduced. 

Bat, one area — protectionist 




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ii iiwrm dividend for six months 

to June 30. Figures in £000. 
Turnover 18,600 (18,950) trad-' 
in g loss before interest 408 (200 
profit) costs assodaifid with 
iron-recurring, making expenses 
nil (676) interest payable (less 
interest receivable) 1^)21 (915) 
loss before tax 1,429 (1391) tax 

• PLAXTONS: The contract 
for toe sale of its she atSeamer 
Road. Scarborough, North 
Yorkshire, site is now uncondi- 
tional- Com ptenonis expected 
in the second quarter of next 

year and toe greater part of toe 
bet sale proceeds, about £U 
million, will be appSea m 

consolidation of coachbuilding 
activities and adimnistration on 
the company’s other Scar- 
borough site. , t 
m KENOLD: f%un» in £ mil- 
lions for toe half year to 
September 27. No dividend. 
Turnover 63 (60J) tintfing loss 
Britain ai (23 pngt) 
companies l-8 profit (2 pfofflj . 

interest payable 1.6 (1.8) pront 
before tax 0.1 (23) 

• ROTHMANS: The company* 
has agreed a- joint venture with 

Nestle, involving the -confec- 
tionery manufacturing and 
marketing operations of Allen’s 
Confectionery and life Savers 

iary ofRothmans and its confeo- 

operatiomr win be 

1 in toe joint venture. 

• JUST RUBBER: Interim 
dividend 0.64p (0-58p), payable 
on January. 5. Turnover 
£1,050,332 (£871,732) for six 
months to July 3L Pretax profit 
£294,231 (£253.686). Tax 
£105,433 (£1 03^80). Earnings 
per share 2.51p on 13 minion 
shares (2.40p on 6J£5 million). 

pany in Britain at a price of 25p 

April 30 (year to April 1985) 
Figures in Ii£. Revenue from oil 

listing of the shares has been 
restored. The company 1ms 
agreed with Newship Industries 
toe acqinsition of Deficit Inter- 
natiomtL The consd&ation is 
2J75.000 new ordinary TT 

TRADING: IEP has posted its 
increased offer document to 
Ocean's shareholders. The in- 
creased offer values Ocean at 
£306 minio n. Allowing fly toe 
exercise of options, IEP has 
increased its offer to 260p m 
end) Ocean share. - 

company bas agreed to sdl 
James and Tatton to James and 
Tatton Group. The consid- 
eration for toe sale of the shares 
is £1,194,010 to be paid in cash, 
which takes into account toe 

payment ofa dividend by James 

and Tatton to Longton indus- 
trial Holdings of f 

Consolidated net profit of 
Aus$1.9 million (£863 mfllkm) 
for the year , ended June 30. 
compared with a Aus£250,000 
loss before deducting extraor- 
dinary items of Au5$i_2 million. 

• HARTOGEN: Australian 

TION; A subsidiary, Prudential 
Property Sffvices, ias acouired 
Lcwden Noah for- a conrid- 

in steffesT^^ch in total 
material to top company’s bal- 
ance foeet 

terim dividend 02p -per share 
(same) payable December 1 1. 

Gas-Light Company U paying 
■* ■''.5 per 

The Ca nad i an company has 
secured a private placement sak 
of 500,000 shares to an invest-, 
meat fond management com- 

Aus$72.5 million for a 26.5 per 
cent stake in Hartagen.Hano^en 
is to issue to AGL 12.5 milhon 
AusSl ordinary shares at a 
premium AuaSl.90 per share 
and 12.5 million five year 1 2 per 
cent convertible notes of &S2.90 

and gas sales 41,869 (116,965) 
interest an rents receivable 
25,41 7 (97,752) amortization oil 
and eas investments debt 41 ,045 
(75,915) deferred exploration 
expenditure debt - (92,836) 
interest payable 238 (13,305). 

• UNIGATE: The company 
has acquired Lansdown Holo- 
ings. which operates a vehicle 
auctions business near Col- 
chester, Essex under the trading 
name of Colchester Car 

Au ction s. 

dend of 3.96p for toe year to 
December 31 has been recom- 
mended, payable. December 1. 

Kemper Financial Services has 
become a sharehol d er in Murray 

Management and Murray 
Johnstone Holdings (1984 J. 

Figures for the six months to 

___. (1984) 

Kemper has entered into a 
consortium agreement which 
governs the disposal of shares by 
corporate shareholder. 


A new deal between 
the City and industry 

Market forces, like the sea, are 
powerful, bountiful but dangerous. 
And, as with the sea, the wise man 
treats the free market with the utmost 
respect, interfering only at the margin 
and after much thought 

Many delegates at the CBTs con- 
ference in Bournemouth fear that new 
competitive maricet forces in the City 
pose dangers to the health of industry 
because company shares are being 
reduced to commodity status. They 
are right to be worried. 

Tlie most obvious manifestation is 
the proliferation of takeovers bids. 
The price premiums, which bidders 
offer for control, generate short-term 
profits for investment managers who 
have to perform to keep or win 
business. The accumulation of share 
stakes and hectic takeover dealings 
generate profits for the new breed of 
stock exchange marketmakers. The 
takeover battles generate business for 
the corporate finance departments 
which are now big profit centres for 
merchant banks and the big loans 
often needed generate good business 
for competing international banks. 

The City needs activity to feed its 
takeover industry. And the stronger 
long-term relationships so often called 
for between investors and companies, 
are going by the board. 

David Walker, the Bank of England 
director who looks at City/industzy 
relations, brought this problem to to 
the arena of national debate a year 
ago. He win no doubt be welcome 
when he speaks at Bournemouth 

The essence of the problem he 
posed was that the City’s increasingly 
short-term view forced industry to 
shorten its horizons at the expense of 
future competitiveness, cutting back 
on long-term research and develop- 
ment or greenfield investments to 
avoid becoming the victim of take- 
overs. This view is not always easy to 
stand up with cast iron examples, 
although the recent boardroom battle 
at Renold appeared to revolve around 
the group’s response to this threat 

Mr Walker also worried that take- 
overs made with large loans in- 
troduced potential instability and 
forced buying companies to prune 
quickly and sharply to recoup take- 
over premiums and cash. 

It is one thing to pinpoint a 
distortion introduced by market 
forces. But it is quite another to 
propose a solution that is workable 
and avoids destroying the beneficial 
effects of market pressures. 

Mr Walker’s idea that companies 
should teH the City more about 
research and long-term projects and 
that City institutions should set aside 
part of their portfolio- for long-term 
holding looks inadequate — as the 
recent AE case demonstrated. Once 
market forces have broken down old 

informal restraints, they will not 
restore themselves. New coastal de- 
fences are needed within which 
market forces can operate freely. 

A high proportion of takeovers, in 

any case, pront both investors and the 
economy, not least by sharpening up 
sleepy giants who used to think they 
were immune. Share prices remain the 
only reliable measure of the virtue of 
takeovers (except those that aim to cut 
competition and can be dealt with by 
the merger laws). But they reflect the 
immediate balance of supply and 
demand for shares in the companies 
involved, so they are not an infallible 
guide. After all, the shares of com- 
panies TTialcin g takeover bids usually 
tell on a bid announcement where the 
supply of shares will rise. 

It would certainly be a mistake to 
substitute Whitehall wisdom and 
discretion for the market's view of 
takeovers, as Roy Hattersley has 
proposed. What is needed is a formal 
change in the relationship of com- 
panies with big shareholders to re- 
inforce relationships and avoid 
effective control being sold over the 
telephone in a few minutes because of 
the dominance of a few City dealers. 

A potential solution would lie in an 
agreement between company repre- 
sentatives, bodies representing in- 
stitutions and the new International 
Stock Exchange. This would need to 
give big investors a stronger direct say 
m the direction of companies to 
enforce necessary improvements and 
encourage loyally. In exchange, they 
could be asked to surrender some 
power over the disposal of companies 
to individual shareholders, on whom 
successful managers could rely to take 
a longer view. 

This would mean recasting board- 
rooms to give big shareholders direct 
representation, or their choice of non- 
executive directors, in line with their 
combined shareholdings. That would 
often put them in a majority. 

At the same time, the Stock 
Exchange and institutions might be 
persuaded to reverse their policy on 
restricted voting to allow companies 
to limit the maximum vote due to any 
shareholding to, say, 1 per cent. 
Removing the limit to enable a 
takeover would require a vote of 

If companies really think the City’s 
short-term view is a serious threat, 
they will need to offer a drastic 
accomodation of this kind. The CBI 
might care to ponder that tomorrow. 

Even such a private deal between 
the parties would probably require 
some help from Parliament in easing 
insider trading laws. But it is surely 
better than overriding market forces 
in favour of Whitehall values. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

Christie and Company; Mr 
Geoffrey Knowles and Mr 
Colin Welbtead arc now 

Hertz Europe: Mr Robin 
Davies has become vice-presi- 
dent, sales mid marketing. Mr 
Tom Jans is now senior 
marketing vice-president. 
Rent A Car, in toe United 
States. Mr John Alexander is 
sales director. Mr Michael 
Yorke has become director. 
North American marketing 
and Mr Michael Gardiner is 
staff vice-president, inter- 
national sales. 

Comcap: Mr George Miller 
has been made a non-exec- 
utive director. 

Wilding Office Equipment 
Mr Tom Wilding and Mr 
Monty August are now non- 
executive directors. 

Cable Television Associ- 
ation: Mr Nicolas MeUersh 
has become a director. 

Travellers Fare: Mr Ken 
Watson has been named fi- 
nance director. 

Burns-Anderson Trust- 
Company: Mr Tony Smith is 
now a director. 

Racal Electronics: Mr Jim 
Oongher is now a director of 
Albert Marston & Company. 
Mr David Danbury is en- 
gineering director. Mr Sid 
Hodgetts becomes commer- 

cial director, Josiah Parkes 
and Son. 

Helical Ban Mr M E Slade 
has been appointed managing 
director and Mr J PSontbweu 
joins toe board as a non- 
executive director. 

Allied-Lyons: Sir John 
Grenade joins toe board as a 
non-executive director. 

Newcastle Building Society: 
Mr D W Midgley is now chief 

Premier Breeders: Mr Geof- 
frey Brookers has been made 
financial director. 

Kalamazoo: Mr Eric Will- 
iam Nickoll has become a 
non-executive director. 

policy — could harm world 
trade unless President 
Reagan, as he has promised to 
do, simply vetoes snch bills. 

For the time bring, there- 
fore, it is very much a matter of 
business as nsaaL The econ- 
omy continues its sluggish 
growth pattern— interest rates 
are edging down hot not 
mfiapsiifg; “real” interest 
rates remain very high. 

In the future, the new tax 
bill will bring a dose of crid 
deflation, as consumer borrow- 
ing is hurt and corporate after- 
tax profits are hit 

AH forms of capital Invest- 1 
meat — plant and equipment, 
residential and non-reridential I 
btnlding— are slated to drop ini I 
1987, malting it even more? 
difficah to maintain 2 per cod 
real growth. 




Net Rents up 29% to £6m 

Dividends up 25% to L75p per 
ordinary share 

4? Profits up 21% to £4.053m 

Net asset value 114p per 
ordinary share 

Valuation of properties 



r\ n. 




Allied London Properties Pic 

Allied House 26 Manchester Square London W1M 6EU. 

29 _ 

D ✓ 

flriency j 

cx, tx- 
.□d rose 
5wth in 
•as an 
L Turn- 
of toe 
from 7 
Tit and 
igles is 
d mil- 

lidine j 
u not , 
tls are 

f this 
nt es- 
f £70 



« - 



Application has been made to Ac Council of The Stock Exchange for the whole of the Ordinary share capital of 
bcing issued, to be admitted to die Official List- The following information must be read in conjunction with the foil text or me « 
Particulars dated 7th November; 1986 relating to Virgin Group pic. You are advised to read the Listing Particulars before cotnpi g 

returning your Application Form. 


Virgin Group pic 

(Registered in England No. J568894) 


Morgan Grenfell & Co. Limited 

as agent for the Company and the vendors whose names are set out in the Listing Particulars relating to the Company 
dared 7th November, 1986 

of up to 50,000,000 Ordinary Shares of lOp each to raise 
£60,000,000 with a minimum tender price of 120p per share 

the amount tendered being payable in full on application 

Terms and conditions of application 

(a) The con tracts created by the acceptance erf application* will be cctndioonal upon admission erf die whole of 
die ordinary share capital erf Vupn Group pic (“the Company"), issued an! now being issued, ro the 
Official List of The Stock Exchange not later than 5th December. 1986. Such contracts will also be 
condinotial upon the Offer by Tenfer Agreement dated 7fh November, 1986 not bemg terminated before 
such admission- Application moneys will be returned i without interest) if either of these andioons a not 
■arched and. in die meantime, will be retained by Lloyds Bank Pic in a separate account. 

(V) Save where the context otherwise retires, terms defined in the listing particulars relating ro die 
Company dated 7th November. 1986 (“ihe Listing Particulars") bear the same meaning when used herein 
or in the Application Forms. 

(c) Any contract orated by acceptance (whether in whole or in parr) of any application shall constitute a 
separate contract for the purchase of the vendors' shares purchased from a vendor shareholder by die 
relevant applicant and/or a separate contract for the subscription of the new ordinary shares mbsenbed 
from the Company by die relevant applicant and these terms and conditions shall be construed 

|d) Offered shares acquired under die Offer will be registered by the Company in the names of successful 
applicants or persons m whose favour renounceable letters erf acceptance nave been effectively renounced, 
without further cc*t in relation to United Kingdom stamp duty being payable by such persons, provided 
that, in cases of tenunciation. letters erf acceptance (duly completed in accordance with the instructions 
therein) are lodged for registration not later than 3-00 p.ra. on Friday, 9th ]anuary. 196?. 

|e) The right is reserved for Morgan Grenfell fa Go. Limited (“Morgan Grenfell") to present for payment any 
cheque or banker's draft received and to reiect in whole or m part or to scale down any application 
including, without limitation, multiple or suspected multiple applications made at the same render price. 
In particular, to the extent that an application (if accepted in full) would result in a holding in excess erf 
five per cent- of the issued ordinary share capital of the Company following die Offer, it may be scaled 
down- It any application is not accepted m whole or m part or is scaled down, oris accepted at a lower price 
than that rendered, the application moneys or. as the case may be. the balance thereof will be returned 
(without interest 1 bv rerum mg the cheque or banker's draff accomnanvmg the application, or by sending! 
crossed cheque m favour of the applies nils), through the post to the fast-named applicant. 

if) Bv completing and delivering an Application Form you: 

(1) offer to subscribe from the Company and/or purchase from the vendors or any of them die number of 
ordinary shares specified in vour Application Form (or any smaller number for which the application 

conditions of application and the Proced 
Articles or Association of the Company. 

for application form pan) and the Memorandum and 

12 ) agree that vou will accept such ordinary shares as may be allocated to you m accordance with die 
provisions contained in paragraph (h) below. 

(5) authorise Lloyds Bank Pic, Registrar's Department m (a) send a Letter erf Acceptance for the number 

of ordinary shares for which your application is accepted and, if applicable, a crossed cheque for any 
money returnable, by post to your address (or due erf the first-named applicant) as set out in your 
Application Form and procure that vour name (together with die tuine(s) of arty other joint 
appiicantis)) tsfm placed on the Register of Members of the Company m respecr of Such oidhwry 
shares die entitlement to which is not duly renounced: or lb) return die cheque or banker’s draff 
accompanying your application by post to tour address (or that of the fast-naraed applicant) as set 
out in your Application Form: 

(4) agree drat, in «mstdmnonofdie Company and ihe vendor* agreeing that they will notpriorw5th 
December. >986 alloc or. as the case may be. sefl any of die ordinary shares being offered to any 
person other than by means of the procedures referred ro in the Luting F^madaH, your application 
may not be revoked until after 5th December, 1966 and that this paragraph constitutes a collateral 
contract between you. die Company and the vendors which wi)! become binding upon despatch by 
peer ro, or if despatched otherwise than by pose, receipt by. Lloyds Bank Pit, Registrar's Department, 
of your Application Form: 

(5) warrant that your remittance will be honoured on first presentation; 

(6) agree that any Letter of Acceptance and any money wrumable ro you may be retained pending 
clearance of your remi nance: 

17) agree that all applications, acceptances of applications and contracts resulting the r efro m will be 
governed by and construed in accordance with English bw: 

(3) warrant drat, if you sign the Application Form on behalf of somebody ebe or on behalf of a 
corporation, you have rase authority to do so; 

(9) confirm that in making such application you are nor relying on any information or representation in 
relation to the Company or any of to subsidiaries other than those contained in die Listing 
Particulars and you accordingly agree that no person responsible solely or jointly for die Usong 
Pamcuim or any pan thereof will have any liability for any such other information or 

(10) warrant that you are nor a US person (as defined in paragraph (k) below) and are nor ararfyingon 
behalf of. or with a view to re-offer, sale, renunciation Or transfer to. or for the benefit of. any such 
person; and 

(11) wamnr that you are not, and are not applying as nominee or agenr for. a person who is or may be 
liable to notify and account under the Scamp Duty Reserve Tax Regulations 1966 for stamp duty- 
reserve rax ar any of die increased rates referred to m sect*. m 93 1 depositary receipts) Or section 96 
(clearance services) c 4 the Finance Act 1986. 

(g) Acceptance of applications nil) be effected at the ejection of Morgan Grenfell either ( I ) by notification of 
diebasisof allocation to The Stock Exchange or (2) by nonce by Morgan Grenfoll of acceptance thereof to 
LJoyds Bank Pku 

(hi The b»ttof allocation will be determined by Morgan GrenfeD in i» absolute discretion . An applicant may 
be allocated new ordinary shares allotted by the Company and/or ordinary shares sold by die vendors (« 
any of them) as Morgan Grenfell may in in absolute discretion determine- In accordance with normal 
principles of English bw. the remedies available to persons contracting with die Company in relation to 
new ordinary shares may differ from those available to persons contracting with the vendors in rdanon id 
ordinary shares sold by the vendors. 

(i) All documents and cheques sent by post will he at the risk of the penonls) entitled thereto. 

(,) No person receivings copy of the Listing farriculars or an Application Farm in anv remtorv other than the 
United Kingdom mar near die same as constituting an invitation or oeier to him. nor sKjuldne many 
event use such form unless, in die relevant territory, such an Imitation or oner could uwallv re mack to 
him or Mich form could lawfully be used without contravention oi an y fiwntxn or other legal 
requirements. Any pa-son outside the United Kingdom wishing to make an applicant* hereunder must 
satisfy himself as ro full observance erf the bwstrfany relevant temrort inaxinectton cherewim. me hiding 
obtaining any requeue governmental or other legal consents which may he required ana compliance »im 
any other requisite formalities, and paying any beue. transfer or Other taxes due in anv such uamory. 

(k) The ordinary shares which ore being offered have nor been, and will not be. registered imdex me United 
SoresSecunnes Acrof )933. as amended- Accordingly, such share* may not be ottered, sold, renounced 
or transferred, directly or indirectly, in the United Scares or co, or for the benefit erf. anv U_5 person or to 

warranty that the applicant a not a US person aid is not applying on behafe of. or with a view rr. re -offer, 
sale, renunciation or transfer to. ot for the benefit of, any Cfc> person. Registration application forms on 
Letters of Acceptance will contain a warranty ro the same effect by or on bchail ot the persons in whose 
names the ordinary shares are to be registered. “US petstm" means any national circen or resident ol the 
United States or die estate or trust of any such petson. any corporation, partnership or other entity created 
or organised in or under the laws of die United States, or any political sub-diwaon thereof, and anv 
United States branch of a non-US person: “United States" means the United States of America, its 
tern tones and possessions. 

Copies of the Ltscmg Particulars can be obtained fora the Registered Office of the Company at 95-99 
Laabrokc Grove. London Wl I IPG. from! 

LacHxoke Grove. London VII IPG. from'. 

Motgu Grenfell & Co. Limbed Rowe & Pitman Ltd. 

New Usue Department 1 Finsbury Avenue 

72 London Wall London EC2M 2PA 

London EC2M5NL 

from the following branches of Uoyda Bank Pier 
Birmingham Bristol 

125 Cohnore Row 55 Com Sow 

Edinburgh Glasgow 

1 13/115 George Street 12 Bodiwell Street 

Liverpool London 

India Buildings 84 Park Lane 

Water Street 

Lfovds Bank Pk 
Registrar's Department 
Issue Section 
1J BtobopH»te 

London bC2N"3LB 

27 High Street 

6/7 Pant Row 
S3 King Street 

24 Broeid Street 

araifromaU Virgin retail outlets. 

Acceptance and dealing arrangements 

The Otter is being made bv tender w raw a total fixed grass amount of £60.000.000 (“die Fixed Amount") representing a fixed gross amount of £32,100.000 robe raised by 
the Company and a fired gross amount of £27.900.000 lu be rawed, in aroregaw. bv the vendors. An applicant mar offer to purchase « subscribe ordinar y shares either H die 
minimum lender pnee Or 3i a higher pnee which is a whole multiple of 5n- The price at which applications torcedmary shares are accepted a known M the “stnkine price" and will be 
determined bv Morcan Grenfell The sinking price will be a pnceai whirfiapplicatKim under the Otfer have been received fora number of cedi nary shares which a allotted and/cr sold 
ai that pnee would be wlficieni to raise a man ai least equal iodic Freed .Amoum- The striking pice will not necosanly be the highest suchpnce but will not be fc» than theromtmwn 
lender pnee. If the stnbne pnee is higher dun the minimum render cnee the number of onhtiarv shares aflowed and/or sold under rhe Offer will be reduced pm ram so that the Fixed 
.Amount n raised. In deciding rhe striking pnee. Morgan Grenfell mil rake account of a number of fecron, principally the need ro establish a satisfactory market in die ordinary shares 
following rhe Offer and rhe dewmbilire or allccarmfi ordinary dares joasroachwv* an apptifriare spread and prohfecrfiharehoWm. To die extern ihat on application I if accepted m 
frill) would result in a holding in excess of five per cent, of rhe issued culinary share capital of the Company following die Offer, it may be scaled down. 

The Application List will open at 10.00 a.m. on Thundav, 13th November. 19S6andwiUckweas*oonrlierafterashfoiganGiwifcUnavderennme. Thc«nkatg(tKcand 
the base on which apphearfotu have been accepted will be announced » joon as possible alter the Application Us doses. lets expected dur Letren of Acceptance wiO be purred R> 
suaesdUapphcanuon Wednesday. J9th November, 1906 and that dealmgun me ordinary shares will commence on Thursday. 20th November. 1966 Dealings prior to receipt of 
renounceable letters of acceptance will be at the risk of applicants- A person so dealing mini recognise the risk dal an application may not base been accepted to the extent 
anticipated or at aS. 

Up« tenpercerr. of the offered share will in the fas fosarrce be niaife aiwlabfe ar fae smtang praero meet applications from fufl-urne employees of the G«x® and Virgin 
arasres and songwriters. ThexapphcawtoMU be nudecn the preferential application fbnmaraibHcrorhein which speedy the amount of money robe expended ramer than the 
number rt shares tor which afyibranon is made. The preferential allocation ro artistes and songwnreis will be limned to three per cent, of die offered shares unless and ro the extent 
chat the remaining seven per cent, of offered shaies the subject of these preferential arrangements » new taken up bv e mploy e e s. The preferential aDocaoon to employees will be 
limned to seven percent, of rhe ottered shares unless and ro the extent drat ihe remaining three per cent, of offered shares the subject of these preferential arrangements is not taken up 
by arises and songwriters 

The Commnwoncrs of Inland Revenue have confirmed that they will accept notification and payment by Morgan Grenfell of any stamp duty reserve rax lability m em red on 
the acceptance of applications under the Otter by applicants who are allocated venom' shares as discharging any liability erf such applicants to notify and account for the tax under the 
Stamp CVitv Reserve Tax Regulations 1986. 

The Company has been advised that 

(») 3 person who agree with another fora oorwderanon m mwiey or monrv's worrh that rhat person transfer rights represented bv a Letter of Acceptance will generally be liable n> 
srampdurv reserve raxai rhe rare of 50p pet £1W (or fart thereof) on die amount or value « the conwderaDon; 

(ul thccmverafKeOTCrarolCTOTsafeofonkiWshamaihOTirechanh-delrvOTcrfarenounMdLiMWo/AMrpraiK^^ 

valorem stamp duty on the insrrwwm of nsuufo. generally at the rate of 50p per £100 lor parr t hereof) on the amount or ralue of ihe consideranon. Where an agreement to 
transfer such shares t» ntu completed bv a duly sranqxd msmunem of nnu’er a charge to sump duty reserve ray i generally j J the same rate) may anse; and 
(ml no stamp duty or stamp dury reserve rax will be payable bv applicants or rnvuncees in respecr at' the regatranon of renounced Letters of .Acceptance on or before rhe latest (tree 
for registration. 

The above statements are intended * a general guide m ihe current pCMOon. Certain Girejpne* of petson are not liable ro stamp durv reserve to and ochers may be liable a 
higher rates or may. although notpntnanlvteNe for the tax. be ragwrad tc- notify andacGwmtfor it under die Stamp Duty Reserve Tax Regulations (986. Anypeoan who is tn doubt 
as ro his pomaem should wrault his professional advisers. 

In cases of renunciation. Letters of Acceptance (duly completed m accordance with the instruct tons conramej meretr.l must be lodged for tegocaaon by 3-09 pm- on 
Friday. 9th January. 1 987 Share cunfrcares will be desparched on iv before (id? February. ) 9fi7 

Procedure for application 

B Insert in Box 1 (in figures) the number of ordinary shares for which vou are apphrins- Applications must be for • minimum of 200 ordinary share* and in one of the 
following multiples: 

fur not mure dvin I. CCO shams, in » multiple of 100 shares. 

i > -t more than i iSX' ,hate>. hui nut more rivan ?.tXO shares, m a mu(npieof'30C Jure*. 
f..rmou rhanJi.iXV'harei. bur ran more than lO.OCOshme*. in d multiple or' {.iMC Ancs. 
tjr n* ire than I0AV -hdro. tut nc-t mure than 5C.COO dwares. in a multiple of j.AX’ shares, 
tor mure 'hdn W.^X'-haro. m a mulnpio.rf (O.iTOO share- 

0 Insert in Box 2 tin figures ) the price you we willing u> psv for each share- 

Applkatiom must be made either at the minimum lender price of 12 Op or at any higher price which is a whole multiple of Sp. If no price is inserted in So* 2, your 
application will be treated ay an application at the minimum leader price of l20p. 

3 Insert in Box 3 (in figures) the anovm of yoor cheque or banker's draft. 

The amount oi you* cheque i* bankers draft should he the price vou have inserted in Box 2 mvlnplied bv die nutniw of adman- shares msenw} in Bo* J 

4 Sign and dare the Application Farm in Box 4» 

The .Application Rom tnav be uened bv someone else on vout behalf, if he isdulv authonsed loioso.inwhidi case the power(s) of attonw, must be enclosed for inspection. 
— - A corporativin shoukl sign under rhe harai « a dul\ authorised otticiai «hxe representanse capacity must be stated. 

^ Insert your fuD name and addremb BLOCK CAPITALS in Box 5. 

6 You must pin a separate cheque or banker's draft io each com pined Applicatioa Form. Your cheque or banker's draft must be madepoysMe to "Uovfa Bank Pie “for rhe 
amount para Neon application inserted in Box 3 and should be crowed “Not Negotiable". 

. No recap* will be imlpxJ for this pav-men?. which mua be soleh for tiin applies nr m. 

Your cheque uf banker's drafi must K drawn m Sterling on m account ar a branch i which roust be m the Un.rrd k'ujgdcm. dm Channel Inlands or rhe ble<rf Man) of a tank 
which o eith« i member of the Utah n w Scottish Cfeinng Houses w which has atrangea for Its cheques ind banker's drafts io be p resented for payment through the during 
facilities provided for the members or those Clearing Houses. 

An appl oi WO mat be accompanied bv a cheque drawn bv someone other dwn the applicanr(s), Hu anv mmw to be returned will re rerumed to the first ■ named appl icani. 
bv sending ihe cheque or banker's draff aecompinvmg the applicant*! or a owed cheque ir. favour ot the penon(s) named in Box(es) 5 (and 71. 

A cheque ot tanker's draff must accompany each application 
An application will not be considered unless these ifondits-ras art fulfilled. 

0 You mov apply jointly W7ih other ptnow- 

You must ihen unnst to the Application Form to be compfered bv or on behalf of each jomt apfhanr tup w a aaramum of three other peraonM). Tnerr full names and 
addresses should be inserted mfiiOCK CAPITALS m Box 7 

J q| Ben 6 must be signed bv or on bebiif of each joint applicsw foriw than the fast opplxMf who should cnmpi«e Box 5 and sign tn Box4L 
J O I If anyone cs »snimi on behalf of am icint appirearuitj. the pviwerisl of arronwy tnu>t be enclosed for inspection. 

r Virgin Group pic 


Offer by Tender by Morgan Grenfell & Co. Limited as agent for Virgin Group pic (“die Company") and the vendors (as 
defined in the Listing Particulars relating to the Company dated 7th November. 1986) of up to 50,000,000 Ordinary Shares 
of lOp each to raise £60,000,000 with a minimum tender price of IZOp per share, the amount tendered being payable in full 
on application. . , . . 1 1 T ^ 

1/We offer id acquire 1 1 r 8®SSy L 

ordinary shares in Virgin Group jplc 

(or any smaller number of sham for which this 

application is accepted) at 


l- Acceptance 

P 2 

per share (or any lower price for which this application is 
accepted) or, if no price per share is inserted, at die 
minimum tender price on the terms and subject ro the 
conditions set out in the Listing Particulars dated 
7th November, i9S6t 

and 1/we attach a cheque or banker’s 
draft for the amount payable, namely 


November. 1986 

| Mr, Mts, Misscirtirle 

Address in full 

Forenames) m full 

L Number of shorn* 

J. Araouor itcovk) 

4. Amount parable 

5. Amount returned 

6. Cheque number 

Pin here vour cheque/banker's draft for the exact amount in Box 3 

e to Lloyds Bank Pic and crossed “Not N 

fill m dtstecoan enl? “hen then a merr than out 
linen befow oirfy foe names am) adoresres oi the tea 

[ Mr.Mn,Mn&armk 

n m 6 <j* 4 
i it Bit* & 

Mi, Mrs. Mbs or tide 

Mr, Mre. Mire oeatlc 

You mw detach and send rhe mi up fcred Application Fora by post, or drirret it bv hand, to Uovds Bank He, 
1 1 Bahopgfme, London ECTN 3L8 wratobnnceivetl not brer tiara lOCOajn-cmTbuiidav, Uth Sotemher. I 
It you your A^lnaiu n F-otyi. «m . ire ircijmmended w use n« eliu pw t ami ro *lk - « it lean days ?or deliver. 

■\ Deparouent. Ism* Sectjcw. PCX Box 10 CC, | tNore; Attention is tirswn to the warranty concerning US persons contained in paragraph (f)( 10) of^ *T«ms and conditions of 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30" Share 
1313.3 (-3.9) 

1656.2 (-6.4) 

USM (Datastream) 
130.44 (+1.34) 


1.4375 (-0.0100) 

W German mark 
2.9397 (-0.0052) 

69.4 (same) 

Saudis aim 
for $18 oil 

King Fabd of Saudi Arabia 
yesterday reasserted that the 
oil-rich kingdom wants to 
send the world oil price back 
up to $ ! 8 a barrel by the end of 
this year. 

He said through an official 
spokesman that the kingdom 
is committed to maintaining 
the present Opec agreement 
until the end of this year and 
then set the price at $18 “as a 
first stage”. 

Prices yesterday moved up 
marginally towards SIS a 
barrel, but a definite commit- 
ment by Saudi Arabia to 
higher prices is likely to lead to 
increased firmness in the 

Amersham up 

Amersham International in- 
creased its pretax profits for 
the six months to the end of 
September by 34 per cent to 
£10.4 million. Turnover rose 
from £55.7 million to £69 
million. The dividend was 
increased from 14p to 2.8p. 

Tempos, page 28 

Science chief 

Dr Alan Rudge has been 
appointed director of research 
and technology at British 
Telecom, in charge of a £180 
million annual budget. He is 
at present chief executive and 
managing director of ERA 
Technology, an independent 
contract research organiza- 
tion. He replaces Mr Bill Jones 
who is being seconded to the 
international Management In- 
stitute in Geneva. 

Lucas up 65% 

Pretax profits at Lucas In- 
dustries jumped 65 per cent to 
£95.2 million few the year to 
July 31. Turnover was up 8 
per cent to £1.6 billion. The 
dividend was raised by 18 per 
cent to 13p. Tempos, page 25 

Fraser shares 

House of Fraser, the depart- 
ment store group, did not 
dose its preference share reg- 
ister yesterday, due to the 
appeal by Lonrbo against a 
recent decision by the Scottish 
Court of Session to allow die 
company to alter its capital 

£lm deal 

Auxiglass, the French 
subsidiary of Hartons Group, 
is to buy Promoplastiques, of 
Paris, for Fr9.65 million (£1 

No referral 

The merger of A Monk and 
Davy Corporation will not be 
referred to the Monopolies 

Bibby sells 

J Bibby & Sons is selling 
Twydale Turkeys to 
Hillsdown for £15 million. 
The net asset value of 
Twydale is £8 million. 

Wall Street 16 
Co News . 26 

Connaenl 27 
Stock Market 27 
Tempos 28 

Money Mrfcts 29 

Foreign Each 29 
Traded Opts 29 
U ml Tresis 30 
Commodities 30 
USM Prices 30 
Share Prices 31 

Special measures 
likely for flood of 
Gas share deals 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

The Stock Exchange is 
likely to adopt special mea- 
sures to cope with dealings in 
British Gas shares because of 
the massive volume of trading 
expected once the company is. 
floated next month. 

To avoid overloading the 
market's settlements system 
the Exchange is considering 
allowing market participants 
to lump togethersmall British 
Gas deals done with the same 
broker or market-maker into 
larger “blocks” 

These could then be settled 
between the market partici- 
pants on a wholesale basis. 
They would not have to be put 
through the Exchange's 
Chaim settlements system, so 
avoiding the need to match up 
every individual transaction. 

The main necessity then 
would amply be for market 
participants to match the 
number of shares. in the block 
with the money value. If one 
block included, say, 100 
shares, the transaction volume 
in British Gas shares would be 
cut by a- factor of 100. 

The stock market has run 
into problems in settling deals 

in ordinary shares during the 
last few weeks, giving rise to 
fears that any greater volume 
of trading would cause the 
settlements system to break 


Some City experts expect 
that dealings in British Gas 
shares could be 10 times as 
great as in Trustee Savings 
Bank shares which have al- 
ready caused severe settle- 
ment problems. 

Turnover in TSB shares last 
week was about £1 1 million a 
day, with a large number of 
transactions in amounts of 
350 to 1,000 shares, producing 
a very large number of in- 
dividual transactions. These 
have all had to be checked 
between brokers and market- 
makers and then processed 
through the Stock Exchange’s 
own transaction-checking sys- 
tem before they could be 

The TSB started with about 
3 million shareholders, most 
of whom had small numbers 
of shares. British Gas is likely 
to have up to 4 times that 
many small shareholders. 

The number of British Gas 

transactions could be further 
swelled artificially after Janu- 
ary 1 when the Government 
will introduce its oew Per- 
sonal Equity Plan 

This will give tax incentives 
to peopl e wh o hold shares 
within a PEP. But unless an 
exception is made for British 
Gas, people will have to sell 
their original British Gas 
shares, transfer the cash into 
their PEP and then buy the 
shares back again, to qualify 
for the tax break. 

Mr Mart Wood, managing 
director of Broker Services, 
part of NMW Computers 
which handles settlements for 
more than half the stock 
market, said: “It seems prob- 
able that if people don't sell 
their British Gas shares im- 
mediately, they will transfer 
them to their PEPs. So it is 
likely that most people will 
sell their shares one way or the 

It is understood that sugges- 
tions that an exception would 
be made to allow direct trans- 
fers of British Gas shares into 
PEPs are not correct 

LCP profits show 
sharp climb 

By Cliff Fettham 

LCP Holdings, the car pans 
chain and property invest- 
ment group, yesterday an- 
nounced a sharp jump in half 
time earnings as it bolstered 
its defences against the hostile 
£248 million takeover bid 
from Ward White, owners of 
Halfords and the Payless DIY 

Mr David Rhead, chairman 
of LCP, said: “ Our defence 
document which comes out on 
Wednesday will demolish oH 
the myths put forward by the 
other side.” 

LCP reported that profits 
before tax had risen from £4.5 
million to £5.9 million while 
dollar earnings of its Whitlock 
motor accessory chain in the 
United Slates — the main 
attraction for Ward White — 
had shown a 42 per cent 

Mr Rhead said : “ We are 

delighted with the way 
Whitlock is going. No one 
could do a better job with il If 
Mr Philip Birch, the Ward 
Write chairman, tried some of 
the ideas he has suggested that 
we use on the business he 
would fell flat on his face.” 

The figures show that 
Whitlock contributed a total 
of £4.5 million profits at the 
trading level with the balance 
coming from LCFs invest- 
ment property, construction 
and distribution operations. 

Meanwhile, after LCFs 
weekend letter to Ward White 
shareholders, Mr Philip Bireh 
yesterday replied to criticism 
of his company's borrowings. 

He said that LCP had 
overlooked one of the fun- 
damentals of retailing — that 
borrowings rise to a seasonal 
peak in the build up of stock 
Jpefore the Christmas trading 

Sir Owen names his 
successor at BTR 

By John Bell 
City Editor 

Sir Owen Green, the man 
behind the rise of the BTR 
group, yesterday named his 
successor as chief executive. 

He is Mr John Cahill, who 
has been running BTR’s 
American operations for a 
number of years. 

Mr Cahill joined BTR as a 
trainee salesman in 4955, 
moving to the United States in 
1976. He now bolds the post 
of president and chief exec- 
utive officer of BTR Inc., and 
will take up his new title on 
January 1. 

The move ends months of 
speculation over who would 
take over the reins from Sir 
Owen, who will remain as 
group chairman and devote 
his time to guiding BTR's 
strategic development. 

Hot favourites from within 
the company were Mr Hugh 
Laughland and Mr Lionel 
Stammers, joint chief exec- 
utives of the European opera- 
tions. Jn the past 20 years 
under Sir Owen. BTR has 
grown rapidly to become one 
of Britain's biggest industrial 

Mr John Cahill: from sales- 
man to chief exeentfre. 

companies "With a stock mar- 
ket value that tops £4.8 

Sir Owen has hardly seemed 
to put a foot wrong and has 
been increasingly active as a 
takeover bidder in the past 
five years, winning control of 
the conglomerate Thomas 
Tilling and the troubled Dun- 
lop tyres and sports goods 

BTR also announced that 
Mr Cahill's job will be filled by 
Mr Edgar E Sharp, who joined 
BTR in 1976 when the group 
took over SW Industries. 

Cash offer 
in PWS’ 
Heath bid 

By Alison Eadie 

PWS Holdings, the expan- 
sionist Lloyd's broker, has 
introduced a cash element to 
its previously all-paper bid for 
its fellow broker CE Heath. It 
has also increased its terms 
and declared them final 

The revised terms failed to 
impress Heath, which contin- 
ued to urge rejection and 
argued in favour of the agreed 
merger with Fielding In- 

PWS said its offer would 
lapse if Heath shareholders 
approved the Fielding deal 
and the acquisition was 

PWS is now offering three 
of its own shares , and four 
convertible preferred shares 
for four Heath shares, valuing 
Heath shares at 537%p and the 
company at £173.2 million, 
based on last night's closing 

Heath shareholders can take 
cash instead of PWS shares at 
275p per share. They can also 
retain Heath's interim divi- 
dend of 10p gross per share 
payable for the six months to 
the end of September. 

Heath pointed out that 
PWS’s first offer was worth 
605p a share and its final and 
increased offer was worth 
557p at the time it was made. 
The 12p fell in PWS’s share 
price yesterday to 290p re- 
duced the value further. 

Heath also said the majority 
of the offer was still in paper of 
“uncertain value”. 

Mr Robert Shrager of Mor- 
gan Grenfell, which is acting 
for PWS, said PWS shares 
held up well yesterday, consid- 
ering the enormous under- 
writing at a price of 275p per 

He said the offer from PWS 
was the only one, made at a 
premium and with cash. The 
Fielding deal represented se- 
vere dilution and a very high 
price, he said. 

He added that if the Field- 
ing deal went through, Heath 
shares could -drop to 464p — 
the price at which Ham bras is 
placing 7.3 percent 

Hambros is selling Fielding 
to Heath and will retain 16.8 
per cent of the enlarged group. 

Heath shares eased 9p yes- 
terday to 502p. 

Sir Kenneth Berril] yesterday: confident that one of the last 
important gaps has been closed (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Spot checks built 
into SIB plans 

By Richard Lander 

The Securities and Invest- 
ments Board (SIB) yesterday 
unveiled proposals which 
cow the financial adequacy of 
investment bnsinesses — 
metaling spot checks — under 
the new regulatory st iu ctnrc 
that comes into force with the 
Financial Services Act 

The proposals, which are 
open for comment until 
December 8, will dovetail with 
rules covering the treatment of 
clients' funds and an overall 
compensation scheme in 
providing protection for inves- 
tors. Sr Kennet h B erriB, 
chairman of the SIB, de- 
scribed yesterday's draft as 
“one of the last major gaps in 
the rule book.” 

The proposals wonM impose 
differing degrees of capital 
requirements according to the 
type of business in which a 
firm engages. 

Finns have been divided 
into four categories: trustees of 
regulated unit trusts, invest- 
ment advisers/intermediaries 
with a distinction between 
those who do and do not 
handle client money, and all 
other investment businesses — 
a c a tegory which e ncomp asses 
stockbrokers, capital market 
players, futures dealers and 
most investment managers. 

If the proposals are adopted. 

unit trust trustees will have to 
hold £4 million of gross cap- 
ital, white-intermediaries and 
advisers wSl need at least 
£2,000 of gross capital and net 
current assets and wiD also 
have to bold three weeks of 
animal expenditure if they 
handle cheats' money. 

The toughest rates apply to 
the final category of busi- 
nesses, with capital require- 
ments being based on liquid 
capital — defined as gross 
capital mums most mm-tiqmd 

One important requirement 
for such firms wSl be based on 
their investment position risk 
which measures their expo- 
sure to various categories of 
fawirial instruments ranging 
from commodities to equities 
and Government bonds. 

The SIB is studying the 
historic price movements of 
the different instruments to 
gauge their volatilty and deter- 
mine how much capital firms 
will have to hold. 

Businesses in the fourth 
category also face the most 
stringent reporting require- 
ments by having to provide 
monthly statements of their 
financial resources. 

The other three groups win 
have to submit annual state- 
ments only. 

Pru lifts stake 

The Prudential Corporation 
has spent aboot£17nullion on 
raising substantially its share- 
holding in CH Beazer, the 
construction group. Pruden- 
tial announced yesterday it 
had increased its holding to 
5.75 per efem of Beazer. 
Sources close to Beazer sug- 
gest that, through nominees, 
the Prudential has acquired an 
additional 2 per cent 

New stadium 

Blue Curie Property Hold- 
ings and Brookmount Estates, 
a subsidiary of Brook mount, 
have applied for planning 
permission to create a retail 
leisure park and international 
stadium, convention and ex- 
hibition centre at Sundon 
Springs, Bedfordshire. 



NewY oik 
Dow Jones 
Hong Kong: 

I Seng--— . 

_ 1B82JJ3H.50T 
1705120 (+79.56) 

Sydnar-A O 



Pads CAC— ■ 

§K&wrai -545.10 <-*20> 

London dosing prices PngeJi 


2021 .7 (+2.6) 






Rime Rate 7* . 



Thom EMJ 
Helled Bar. 

— 492p 


Clyde Blowers — 188p 

Relyon Group 


Brent Walker 2l9p 

Southend Stadhan — 291 p 

A.B Foods — 3l7p 

JE England 122p 

Campari — — 118p 

Lee Cooper 303p 

SaatcM 6 Saatchi — 648p 

Bradstock Group 406p 

Brookmount 320p 











Simon Engineering ._ 320p(-10p) 
P.W.S Int 290p 

Cable S Wifeless — 300p 
Cullen's Holdings . — 135p 

N.M-W Computers 

Prices are as at 4pm 




London Firing: 


Come* $411.00-411.50* 



ing an interim report from his 
group. Vision 20(0, listing 42 
ways for industry, govern- 
ment and others to provide 
Britain with go-ahead world- 
leading companies 25 years 
from now. 

The group, 20 managers and 
one teacher, foresee a country 

High-flyers confident that 
there is life after Sidney 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

to us having little or no 
manufacturing industry in the 
year 2010. 

“Our group simply does not 
accept this and believes inher- 
ently that there is no industry 
in which we cannot compete. 
Furthermore, to have a thriv- 
ing economy in the year 2010 
we must have a profitable 
manufacturing sector employ- 
ing a significant percentage of 
the workforce.” 

He added that many com- 
panies were bogged down in 
the organization of their 
workforce so that when 
change was made it was 
clumsy and invited the 
confrontation that it so often 

“Our company win have a 
corporate culture with clear 
objectives which are under- 
stood and supported by all 
employees. The company’s 
performances against these 
aims will be freely discussed 
with all employees, and even 
Sid will be told.” 

Industrial leaders were in- 
troduced yesterday to Sidney, 
allegedly a typical British 
manager — always with his 
head stuck in the sand. 

Sidney, a life-size dummy 
with a bucket on his head, 
occupied pride of place on the 
platform at the annual con- 
ference in Bournemouth of the 
Confederation of British 

The organization's team of 
under 35-year-old high-flyers 
told the gathering what to do 
to make Britain great again. 

“Sidney works in every 
organization — he's a 
manager,” said Mr Mark 
Nicholson, a Barclays Bank 
manager and chairman of the 

“He works with us, for us, 
and we at times have worked 
for him. Fewer people today 
think like Sidney is thinking 
now. He fears change and 
whenever possible he resists 

Mr Nicholson was present- 

Confereoce report 
Union partners 



dominated by thrusting com- 
panies where workers are re- 
warded according to their 
performance, where trades 
unions and managements 
have the* same goals and 
children are taught from an 
early age the part business 
plays in society. 

And, according to Vision 
2010, mass unemployment 
simply will not exist. 

Mr Nicholson said the team 
had spent little time on eco- 
nomic trends in Britain “be- 
cause they are awful and point 

Shoppers send 
borrowing to 
£2.91bn record 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Retail safes and consumer 
credit continue to boom, 
according to government fig- 
ures. The volume of sales and 
credit advanced reached rec- 
ord levels in September. 

The Lawson boom in the 
high streets has produced big 
increases in consumer borr- 
owing, particularly on bank 
credit cards. 

In September, £2.91 billion 
of new credit was advanced, 
compared with £2.68 billion 
in August. The previous 
record was £2.74 billion in 
April. In the latest three 
months there was a 9 per cent 
rise in consumer credit 
Bank credit cards — Access 
and Barrlaycard — accounted 
for £1.25 billion on credit 
advanced in September, and 
are taking over from hire 
purchase as the most popular 
form of credit. 

Officials at the Department 
of Trade and Industry said 
that much of the credit ad- 
vanced on Access and 
Barclaycard is paid off before 
it becomes subject to interest. 
Credit cards, thus, differ from 
the fixed-term hire purchase 


Even so, the amount of 
consumer credit outstanding 
has risen steadily. At the end 
of September it stood at £23.2 
billion, nearly £600 for every 
adult in Britain. 

The total of credit outstand- 
ing compared with £22.1 bil- 
lion at the end of June and 

£20.8 billion at the end of last 
vear. , 

Retail sales increased 
strongly in September, the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry's final figures 
showed. There was a l per 
cent increase in sales volume, 
after a 0.9 per cent increase in 

Sales volume was up by 1.8 
per cent in tire Julv-September 
period, compared with the 
previous three months, and by 
5 2 per cent, compared with a 
year earlier. 

Sales volume was 6.6 per 
cent higher than in September 
Iasi year. The strongest in- 
creases in sales were seen by 
mixed retail businesses such 
as Marks and Spencer, fol- 
lowed by non-food retailers. 
Food retailers have had a 
smaller sales boom. 

The value of sales in 
September averaged £1.78 bil- 
lion a week, 10.4 per cent up 
on a year earlier. So far this 
year, the value of sales is 
running 8 per cent higher than 
in the first nine months of last 

Retail sales appear to have 
held up well last month. The 
John Lewis Partnership said 
that half-term holidays had 
helped spending, with some 
indications of Christmas 
spending coming through. 

The Retail Consortium said 
that the return of cheques for 
unsuccessful TSB applications 
was one factor which may 
have boosted sales last rr.or.ih. 

Weaker pound pushes 
factory costs higher 

By Our Economics Correspondent 

The pound's weakness 
again pushed up industry's 
raw material and fuel costs last 
month, with farther increases 
likely in the coming months 
even if sterling holds steady. 

The index of input prices for 
manufacturing industry rose 
by 1.1 per act ias! month, 
altera 1.7 percent increase in 
September. The main reason 
for last month's rise was the 3 
per cent drop for the pound 
against the dollar between 
September and October. 

Manufacturing industry's 
material and fuel costs last 
month were still down on a 
year earlier, by 5.3 per cent 
compared with 7.4 per cent in 

But several industries are 
seeing higher costs than a year 
ago. in spite of the sharp drop 
in oil prices. 

These include food, drink 
and tobacco: mechanical en- 
gineering; motor vehicles and 
parts; and footwear and 

The pound's fall, which for 
these industries has offset the 

effects of lower o;i and 
commodity prices, has not 
persisted so far this month. 

Yesterday, after some early 
strength, the sterling index 
dosed unchanged at 69.4. 

Even so. bccau=x* there are 
lass between exchange rate 
changes and effects on costs, 
industry's input costs cun be 
expected to rise farther ;n the 
coming months. 

The gap between industry's 
costs and prices at the factory 
gate — output prices - nar- 
rowed last month. 

There was a rise of 0. / per 
cent in manufacturing 
industry's output prices, com- 
pared with a 0.3 per cent 
increase in September. 

But officials were reluctant 
to read too much into ihc 
slowdown, because monthly 
movements in output price’s 
have been erratic. 

Even so. the 1 2-month rate 
of increase for output prices 
slowed from 4.4 percent to 4.3 
per cent, its lowest since the 
early 1970s. 



WSi a choice of hmcttme and araimg Heathrow 
departures to listen, and the only (feed services from 
Hsaftrwr to Oporto, the Afeanre and Martara, you If soon 
(fccover that TAP Air Portugal is the way to do business m 

M with more flights to more of ftriugH than any other 
ajrfire, a of tares and our super Navigator Class, 

we reaiy do mean business. 

for reservations and flutter infonnation phone London 
(04280262 or Mmfesfff06M99 2161 Prestei M4 2682. 





From your portfolio card check war 
eight share price movements. Arid Them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
(his against the daily dividend figure 
published on ifrW pagft If it jjjaicbes yon 
hove won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow ibe dais procedure on the 
back of your card. You mast always have 
your card available when claiming. 





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A guide to 
career choice 


First impressions that count 

£j£hL SfUFL *2K Js*'. 1 recaI1 1 Tt ie nwfiwlTr ^Arn’WA bonsdom._ Don’t yawn or twiddle 

*“? a ij* interview in a state 
of complete bewilderment I felt I had 


“SS£ 1 flair - » ™s clear flm before I 

of this kind I would have to brush up my 
interview lwnhq jjfp^ -■ 

No one was as surprised as I was when 

tnewsamsanon in question offered me a 
position. Aner my unpolished perfor- 
mance they must have been pretty 
desperate. Bra looking back on theVwnt 
1 1 08X1 discera tbe cause of the 

probiem. It was not so much that I the 
interviewee was at feuft, but that the 
conduc t of the interview had been so 

Most people prepare for an interview 

m the belief that the meeting w£Dibnowa 

certain logical natters. _A good inter- 
viewer starts ofirby putting you at ease, 
goes on to review your background and 
experience, and then tries to assess bow 
you would cope with the job you are 
after. A really competent one mil be 
c ontent to let you do meet of the talking 
inte rrupti ng just occasionally to extract 
information or move the discussion on 
to another topic. Generally speaking, an 
interview along these lines win afford 
you ample opportunity to give an 
account of yourself and your ideas. 

If yon can impress without 
saying a word, why worry? 

Unfortunately, not all interviewers 
even approach the ideal, and while you 
can usually count cm recruitment consnl- 
tants and personnel officials having been 
properly trained in the- mysteries of 
selection, it is best to assume that anyone 
else you meet has not until proved 

Some interviewers appear to be com- 
pletely at sea, and you get the impression 
that they have been detailed to cany out 
this vital task much against their better' 
judgment They need something to ding 
to for reassurance, and this generally 
turns out to be your cv or application 
form. As a consequence; the exercise 
turns out not to be an interview at ah, but 
a detail checking session. - 

“So you're Arnold Cuthbertson.” 
(Yes). “Born in Keswick, were you?* .. 
(Yes). “And you’re married?” (Yes). “I 
see your address is in Harrogate.” (That’s 
right) — and so it goes on. There is a 
strong temptation to provide more, 
elaborate answers, but this does not 
necessarily work. The poor dtap might , 
be put on his stroke and start conftmng 
your educational attnmirwq ts with your 
work experience. 

* When he actually gets round to an 
open-ended question (one winch cannot 
be answered with ‘yes’ or ‘no’) H may 
turn out to be one which is quite 
impossible lb answer like “what are our 
main problems?” If you seek clarifica- 
tion, he gets rattled and asks you to 
reserve your questions tiO later. 


It is perfectly possible to 
leave a job interview 
feeling frustrated and 
bewildered. Roger Jones 
examines some of the 
things can can go right 
but also very wrong 

Members of the Hwddersfield job dub: 
A good i nte rview e r st a rts by putting 
yon at your ease 

Don’t get steamed up about this. After 
alii he’s only doing his best But you must 
resist the uge to take over the inxeriew. 
Your best policy is to cope as best you 
can with his queries and try to put him at 
his ease. This may sound a tall order if 
you are pretty nervous yoursd£ but you 
ma y well earn his gratitude in the long 

And that's the whole point. If the man 
behind the desk feds satisfied with the 
way the interview is going, you are 
bound to go up in his esteem. 

There is another type of interviewer 
who exudes complete self confidence, so 
much so that it is difficult for you to get a 
word in edgeways. He is likely to chunter 
on endlessly about the job or the 
organisation quite oblivious to the fact 
that you have already received a detailed 
job description which you have digested 
with care; 

After a long and possibly misleading 
digression on some minor aspect of the 
post, he throws out a question Hke 
“would you be aide to manage this?” 
And before you have a chance to utter ei- 
ther “yes” or “no” he is off on some 
other tack. 

An mterviewer tike this can be quite 
infuriating, and you may well become 
fidgety and restless as yon wait in vain 

fbrachanceto outline yom skills and sdl 
your experience. 

The golden role is to conceal your 

boredom. Don’t yawn or twiddle your 
thumbs. Above aft, don’t interrupt the 
monologue, for this mi g h t be construed 
as bod manners. Remember that the goal 
of any job interview is to impress the 
selector, and if you are able to impress 
without saying a word, why worry? 
Indeed, this should be a manor for 
- rejoicing since the opportunities for yon 
to make a faux pas are thereby 

' People tend to forget Ihatthe ability to 
listen is every bit as useful as the ability 
to bold forth. In circuinslances like these 
it could prove to be your trump card. 

There is one kind of interviewer whom 
I dislike intensely, and that is the person 
who regards an interview not as z 
meeting of minds but as a form of 
interrogation. He (or die) appeaxs moti- 
vated by the desire to trip people up and 
expose their limitations. And unless you 
happen to be a hard-boiled poiitiaan 
who is used to such confrontations, you 
could get quite flustered or even angiy. 

Don’t. Try to keep a sense of 
proportion. After all, if he’s nasty to you, 
the chances are that hell be nasty to aft 
the other candidates, some of whom will 
not be able to cope with his barrage of 
abuse as well as you can. 

At times like this you need to keep 
. your cooL No candidate is perfect, and 
during your preparation for an interview 

A competent interviewer lets 
yon do most of the talking 

you should have identified your weak- 
nesses as well as your strengths. Yon 
should also have developed a strategy for 
steering the selector away from your 
weak points to your strong points. Arid if 
he turns out to be the adversarial type 
this may prove easier than you thfnV. 

He may wish to dwell on your 
undistinguished six months with Tom 
Pearce International, in which case you 
admit quite freely that things didn't work 
out as planned on that occasion. But at 
the same time you point out that your 
distinguished record of service with Bill 
Brewer & Co is much more relevant to 
the job yon are after. 

Don't go out of your way to pick an 
argument, but be firm and polite. You 
may find this apparent ogre is quite 
impressed by a candidate whom he can’t 
reduce to incoherent mumblings. 

Unfortunately there is no knowing in 
advance what sort of interviewer or 
interviewers you are likely to encounter. 
Bui it won’t take you long to assess what 
scat of experience you are in for once y ou 
stop inside the interview room. 

n later you feel yon have not been 
given a fair hearing, do not despair. You 
can always send off a letter of thanks for 
the interview in which you highlight one 
or two points that you fear you did not 
get across. However, don’t imagine that 
all is lost. For your drill in handling an 
impossible interviewer may well make a 
deeper impression than the information 
you managed to put over. 


The Central Electricity Generating Board 
and Churchill College, Cambridge, invite 
applications for the post of GE.G.B. Re- 
search Fellow, to commence from a date to 
be agreed This is a prestigious appointment 
in the general field of turbine fluid dynam- 
ics research. The successful candidate will 
be invited to initiate research projects with 
potential application to GEG.B. plant 
The tenure proposed is for up to three years 
in the first instance, with the possibility of 
extension to five years. The stipend will 
range from £11,199 to £1235 a year, de- 
pendent on age and experience. 

Selection will be madejointiy by Churchill 
College and the C.E.G.IL, and the successful 
candidate win be elected to a Research Fel- 
lowship at Churchill College. He or she will 
be expected to work with an appropriate 
group in the Whittle Laboratory of the Uni- 

S Engineering Department, and to 
a proportion of the time in the 
s Laboratories. The Fellow may take 
part in College and University teaching. 
Anyone who is interested is invited to write 

The Registrar, 

Churchill College* 

Cambridge CB3 ODS 

Before 15 January 1987, giving- 

(1) A statement of age, qualifications and 

(2) An outline of the research which the 
candidate proposes to undertake. 

(3) The names of two referees. 

(University of London) 



Applications are invited from nurses who 
are graduates with good research, clinical 
and preferably teaching experience for 
this lectureship, in the Department of 
Nursing Studies in the Chelsea Campus. 
The successful applicant will join a well 
established academic department, which 
runs both undergraduate and post-gradu- 
ate courses. 

The appointment will be offered for a 
period of three years. 

Salary within range £8020 to £1 5700 plus 
£1297 London Allowance. (Under 

The post may be discussed informally 
with Professor Jenifer Wilson-Barnctt, 
telephone 01-351 2488 ext 377a Please 
telephone or write for further details to: 

The Personnel Officer, . 

King’s College London (KQC). 

The Strand, 


Telephone 01-836 5454 

Closing date: 11th December 1986. 



2 tom Mam can* stottajj 
Jnray 1957 

art I wa rtenswe saxmai 
morse Jan, Ami art Sept 

3 arm esecunw seasonal causa 
SepKRto 1887 

Prospectus: 18 Gunmen Street, 
Pat Lae. London W1Y 3FE 
Tat: fflhfitt 2904 



Salary up to £23,691 per annian 

The Dean is responsible for leadership and general 
management of the Faculty comprising six 
departments and well over 1000 students. The 
Faculty is of high repute having received substantial 
Government 'switch* funding and with a major new 
building under construction. Applicants for the post engmeers/technologists with substantial 
management experience, preferably in an academic 

Further particulars of the post can be obtained from 
the PersoMd Department, Kingston Polytechnic, 
Penrbyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 
2EL Tat 01-549 1366, exL 505. The doting date for 
applications is We&esday 26 November 1886. 

The Director of the Polytechnic, Dr. Robert 
Smith, wifl be happy to (fiscuss the post with 
potential applicants. Telephone 01-549 1366. 
ext 200. 



Department of Production Engineering & 
Production Management 
Lectureship in Advanced Processing 

This Department, with major research 
interests in robotics, advanced materi- 
als processing, computer-integrated 
management and occupational ergo- 
nomics, is seeking academic staff as a 
result of the “Shift to Science and 
Engineering” initiative. 

A lectureship is available to teach in 
the area of modern manufacturing pro- 
cesses. The Department has CNC 
machines and robots linked to an on- 
line computer, as well as facilities for 
EDM and other advanced machining 

Salaiy will be on the . lecturer scale, 
£8,020 - £15,700 per annum (under 

Applications are invited from people 
with interests in the above field, or in 
any other area within the technology or 
management of advanced manufactur- 
ing systems. Further particulars and 
application forms, returnable not later 
than 15 December 1986, from the Staff 
Appointments Officer, University of 
Nottingham, University Park, Notting- 
ham NG7 2RD. Ref No 1076. 

German day mtantivo 

courses at etomenteiy 
and Intermediate 
i ievets starting 24th 
November. 4 weeks, 3 
hours daily, tee £75 
Also courses in 

Goethe Institute, 
50 Preices Gate, 
London SW7 

Tefr 01-581 3344/7. 


ex. ex- 
_nd rose 

/as an 

Three week comes is Flower 
Arranging and Floriory held 
ihroughmii ihe year. 

Two day courses also 

’.0 miJ- 
it not 
is are 

01-03 8171 far farther details. 
6 Bnnon Street. 

Louden WIX 7AG. 


We have helped thousands to 
succeed bvctoosrs the right 
come aid career Consult 
II flOGtoucastarftacaWl 
VO 01-9359452 (24 hi«t 

ST. B O P W C *S CoUeue. London. 
Se cretarial- Bosnra and Lan- 
Cuagt Courees Word Processor 
Training. Engliali for Overseas 
Students Rnktonl and Day Sm- 
dents. The Registrar (TO. a 
ArkwrtaN Road. London NWS 
6AD. Tel: Ol 433 9831 . 

■KMT BflXStStVe TY H M 6 4 
weeks, fun-lime day Beginners 
17 Nov. 8 Jan. Mrs Ptilpm. 
Lamdiam Secretarial College 
rm.18 Dunraven sLPark Lane 
London W1V 3FE.01 *29 2904 

College. 22 24 Qu e et u ac i ry 
Place. London swt 2DS. 
Please write or tetepirone for 
prospectus. O1-E09 8583 
or 01-581 8331 




Applications are invited for a Frederick Craven 
Moore Fellowship from graduates of this or any 
other approved University, or other suitably 
qualified persons, who furnish satisfactory evi- 
dence of their qoalifitxdaoas to undertake 
research in GKnfail Meditane. lt is expected 
that candidates wfll have emerienne of re- 
search at postgraduate level and, therefore, will 
be graduates of several years standings The Fd- 
lowship is not intended for those wishing to 
register for a higher degree. Candidates should 
submit detailed proposals of. their intended 
area of research. No ana within the scope of 
Clinical Medicine is excluded from co nsi der- 
ation. The Fellowship shall be tenable in the 
Faculty 6f Medfcme and shall be of a vahieto 
be determined by the Vice-Chancellor accord- 
ing to the TmKfirantifWM «md «gp«rimce of the 
person elected (normally within, the aalaiy scale 
for Research and Analogous Staff Barege IA, 
£84)20 to £12,780 pjL under review). A Fellow- 
ship is normally tenable for op to one year and 
b offered from a date to be arranged within the 
current academic session. Further details and 
appfrcatkm forms are available from the Regis- 
trar, The University, Manchester M13 9PL. 
Completed forms, together with proposals fin 1 
research to be conducted, ahould be returned to 

the Registrar by December 16th, 1986. Quote 
ret 252/86/T. Previous applicants should not 



The Governors awwd 2 ararienic sdiotetftos 
each year to toe value of £1000 pjlj C andktates 
shouldbe over 10 and under 13 years of age on Ihe 
date of the examination. 

For fuH details contact . 

The School Secrotaiy, _ 
Rosemead -School, 


West Sussex BN17 6AL. 

Tot (0903)* 71 6065 


‘ * ’ ./• 




The Bruce, Julia ■ 
and Mortimer May 
Senior Scholarship- 

As a conseqnanw of a 
hMgfgctai tnxfl tte es- 
tate of Mortimer May. 

ship at Hertford Collegs. 
temMe for 3 years from 
October 1387. 

The ScMaistfr . «gt 
cover tie costs of JW-, 
vasiiy and Ctifepe fees 
and provide subsatance. ■ 

Applicants shwM wnte 
w further iteizifs and an 

tarn to T!» 
erat a ty. Hert- 


George Road 
Kingston upon 
• • T hames ~ 
Surrey KT2 7PB 

boys 7-14 yrs) 

One or two schoteships 
arc awarded annually, to 
coverfofl tmtian fees, to 
boys aged 9/10 who are 
ar present attending 
maintained schools. 

Examination for Septe- ; 
mber 1987 enfcy wfll be 
held on Friday 6th Feb- 
ruary. Closing d 31 ** for 
apjjficatioaT3lat -Deo- 

Full details from the 
Headmaster’s Secretary. 

WK8 tCWULT Our -coon** 

nna ta free nn4 ti ti w ll **- Cu ^ 

ant w* HB TnUIBU «_ 

76 Notttno HttCat* 

Stir?!: oi-jar. iwaxro. 



Worcester College is pleased to announce that 
a MkhadBromberg Fellowship in foe study erf 
prints has now been established and that is has 
been endowed to run in perpetuity. 

Worcester College invites uiplications from 
men ™t women. Tenure win be for two (or in 
exceptional circumstances for three) years 
from 1st October 1987, and the Fellow will be 
expected to be based in Oxford. The Fellow 
wul undertake to give three lectures on the 
subject of his re her research duiiM the last. 
. term of the Fdhnrabip; funds towards the cost 
of publishing these may be available. 

The doting fboe for applications is 31st Janu- 
ary 1987, and further partienfaus may be 
obtained from: 

' The College Secretary, 
Worcester College, 

Oxford, 0X1 2HB 




Clerk to the 

Applications' are invited for the 
appointment of Clerk to the 
Governors and Bursar. 

For details write to the Clerk to 
the Governors of James Allen’s 
Girls’ School at Dulwich College, 
London SE21 7LD, 


tnUCgart eleven end twwva year okfs wBhanlqlit- 
uried parents who can make imranum use of an 
acadamicaliy and creatively sfimutattng School, with 
a staff pupa ratio ofl to 7, exoetientuxam casuKs 
and Ngh.unhBrsfiy entry. 

Rowledge, Famham, Surrey 

Headmaster: Alan Pattinson MJL ' 
Secretary Mrs Sue Rrckiud. . 

Entrance exams 29!h November 
and 7th Mardh. 

‘O’ Level pass rate in .1986 75% 
<A’ Level pass rate ta1986 86% 




Applications are invited for the above position 
now vacant due to the appointment of Dr. C I 
Regan to a senior position at the Merck, 
Sharpe and Dohme Neuroscience Research 
Centra. The pest wffl involve the teaching of 
Biochemistry to science and medical 
students. The successful cancfidate will have 
an interest In some aspect of mammafian 
biochemistry and applications would be 
parliculBrty welcome from those with an 
Interest n btoenergetics, membrane or 
protein biochemistry, cefl biology or gene 

Salary scale: £6020 - £15700. 

Further information about the above post and 
about the Biochemistry Department may be 
obtained from Professor M Akhtar, F.R.S.. 
Department of Biochemistry, University of 
Southampton, S09 3TU. 

Further particulars may be obtained from Mr 
A J Small, Staffing Secretary, The University, 
HigbfleW, Southampton, S09 5NH to whom 
applications (7 copies from appScants In the 
LLK. and one from others) should be sent 
giving a brief curriculum vitae and the names, 
addresses and telephone numbers of three 
referees should be sent before 15 January 
1987. Please (pots reL na. AJS/86/S6/T. 



Lectureship in Phannaceotics - 
Drag Delivery Systems. 

Applications are invited from suitably quali- 
fied individuals for a lectureship in the field of 
drug delivery systems. The Pharmacy Depart- 
ment at the University of Nottingham is 
looking for a lecturer in the field of drag deliv- 
ery systems to further strengthen its research 
and teaching activities in tins important area. 
Suitably qualified candidates who may be 
pharmaceutical scientists^ physical chemists, 
polymer scientists, cell biologists etc, are in- 
vited to apply. 

The successful candidate will join an active 
research group that is known internationally 
for its work in the field of controlled release 
systems, drag targeting using colloidal carriers 
and more recently the design and evaluation of 
delivery systems for the products of biotech- 
nology, namely peptides and proteins. 

Details about the position and the research 
opportunities that wiO exist may be obtained 
by informal telephone discussions with Profes- 
sor S S Davis or Drs M C Davies, K J Palin 
ami C D Melia, on Nottingham 506101 ext 

Further details and application forms, return- 
able not later than 30 November from the Staff 
Appointments Officer, University of Notting- 
ham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD. 
Ref No 1074. 



'■ --.I/-, ' 

LLB? BScfEcon)? 

Three Yfear Degree Courses in 
Law ■ Accountancy - Management ■ Banking 
Entry; UUB-3 0k&2‘AfcGradeD(E inl987) 
BSc - 3 ‘O’s & 2 ‘AS Grade E. 


One Year Courses start each October and 
18 month courses start in April 

for’furShcr anti 'noUcr 'p^fticubr.' of Ku Ji -t: rrir. fcrNtinv 

: — - uriil Curre'poiidoruv-CoiirSi.’S' 

S ; ';:ppiy l.u '.he H»’^i>trnr. JiSL Di-pt >1T, p 
i 200 Grcvhound Rd. London U'14 9Ki'. .GV'~ 

(University of London) 


AppUcations are invited fin a temporary batffrme 
Lectureship in the Department of Occupational Psy- 
chology for a period m3 y ean; from January 1987, to 
iwii m the area of CAREER DEVELOPMENT & 
contribute generalty to the teaching, rese ar ch and ad- 
ministrative week of die Department. Initial salary at 

a point approp ri ate to age and experience ou half- 
time lecturere scale (under review) £4.658 pxl - 
£8,043 na. iacfodjr^ Loodoo Allowance. Further de- 
Tnik may be obiamed from the Personnel Officer 
(TL/OP) (T). Birfcbeck MaJei Street, London, 

WC1E 7HX tet 01-631 6529, to whom apphcaiioits 
in dnfiotte iududiug a foO c.v. and the names, ad- 
dresses aad telephone numbers of two referees should 
be returned by 28th Norewber I9S6. 

The BfHWi PoWaemn Company pic 

.CnU tor East iMdMStMSetM 
Ckwn M>y CBBtaa 

■ (IMOKHty of London) 

Project Officer: . 

Action Programme to Improve Access 
to Higher Education in East London 

The British Petrol ran Company pk is supporting a three-year 
jaion pr og ra mm e basal a ihe Ccoar for East London Smdits a 
Qu^vn Maty Collfgf to encourage second ir> school pupih in 
Fa«t London ie partiripate more fully at higher edaeatuw. 

Applications *ne invited for the post of Project Officer from 
candidain with an" undemanding of inner city sdtookhfkinm's 
Cducaiianal asplmkxiv and ochievemena, and an ability m «ort 
alunpside existing smhorltles. The minimins salary u>ilt be 
L'lOJKl phis London Allowance of £1.297. h is hoped Out the 
successful applicant wfll he in post early m I9S7. 

Further pjrtleulairs and as apphearwn form are ovait*ie from: 
j M Hall. Director. Centre for Eto> London Suxties, (Jucen Man 
Ciillcgc. Mile End Road. London El 4NS 101-980 48 ll xMlsi. 




The Vee-Chancetorship Q f toe Australian National 
University wffl become vacant on 31 Decamber 1987 
(oflowing the retirement of Professor P H Karmel AC 
C8E. The Vice-Criancetor is Rib Chief Executive Officer 
of the University. 

The Cftanceflor. Sir Richard EHackbum. invites enquiries 
from men and women with appropriate experience and 
qualifications interested In being considered for ap- 
pointment. he would also welcome sugge st ions as to 
suitably qualified persons who might be approached. 

AH suggestions and enquiries wiB be treated m confi- 
dence and should be sent as soon as possible to the 
Chancsflor. The Australian National University. GPO 
Box 1102. Canberra, ACT, 2601. Australia, from whom 
further information about ihe position is available. 

R V Dubs 



Zodiridaal(y planned tuition forGCE ilO&A level. 
One and two-year courses and ooeHtenn iste Drive 
re-take revision. 

Write to The Principal at 3 BraaMde, Cartridge 




The Senate invite appheatioas for foe above Chair. 

: HA ZTt k- b. tk. 

whom Amber particulars shook) foil be obtained. 

The dosing date for receipt of applications is 22 
December 1986. 


The Board of Governors invite applications for 
the post of HEAD of the City of London Freemen's 
School, Ashtead Park. Surrey. The appointment will 
be made in December 1986, to be effective from 
1st September 1987 on the retirement of the 
present Headmaster Mr. MJ. Kemp. 

The school is a co-educational Day and Boarding 
School with a roll of 542 (Sixth Form of 100, and 
65 Boarders) aged 9 - 18. A new Junior School 
Mock (8 >13) is planned to open in September 

Details of the post and application forms may be 
obtained from; The Town Gert, P-0. Box 270, 
Guildhall, London EC2P~ 2EJ. (Reference 
CLFS/DJS) Telephone*. 01-606 3030 Extn. 1407. 
The closing date for applications will be Friday, 
28th November, 1986. 


THE TIMES MONDAY NOVEMBER 1 0 <986 — — — - , - ~ 





Independent, Ex Direct Grant, 

Co -Educational 

220 boys & girls ( 7 - 1 *) 
Appointment of 

as from January 1988 

Energetic, frnagfttgtfve and well 
qualified applicants are invited to send 
for ftdl details and application forms as 
soon as possible to: 

The Headmaster 
Bristol Grammar School 
Un ive r si t y Road, 

Bristol, BSS 1SR 

Telephone: (0272) 736006 


GobvtUc and Caiits College. OmAridge. Jnrto ap^ ykm 
^ rvM Rnrnr The SenKM- Bttrsir » a Tieflow of 

management of the College Eranctg.ndfir ftettgaTOw 
rftefflSSoHMi and eaaies, m dose^ cootnadon wfc after 
College offlwrt and «ift the CoJk«rt jaofe«oB»I ■dvaeo. 
Tbe successful candidiue *31 be expected to take op office on 
1st October 1987. or as soon as powfcte Ibocafter. 

Further pankata may be obtained firm: 

The Master, 

GoBfffle rad Calm College, Cambridge CB2 ITA 
to rlww Amid he made with the names of three 

ttft t m not tiler Has 5ft January 1987. 


TMs non d en omin atf onaf boys boandrn school 
wrth some Sixth Form Girts requires forSeptem- 
ber 1987 (or Barter) a young and enthuoasbc 

Applicants should be graduates capable oftea- 
efing Chemistry throughout the school to GCE, 
*A’ aid *S' lew. Bachelor or married accommo- 
dation available. Apply with Curriculum Vitae and 
names of two referees to: 



Musselburgh near Edinburgh 

from whom details may be obtained. 

The Sloan 

Nine months intensive development 
for tomorrows high flyers. 

The Sloan Fefowship isconducted at only three 
centres in the World - Stanford. MJX and London 
Business SchooLflppfeants are now berngconstdered 
for enby to London in October 1987 where there are 
40 places arateble. 

traditkinaltxieyear MBA there isconsicierabte 
practical ftekl wort, and the opporturalyfor 
pwtidpartsto examine the wider Issues affecting 
business decisions. 

The ideal candidates wffl be ambitious, ateady 
successful men and women in the 3M0age range 
majority of appficaifewiJl be sponsored by the 

The next ftogamme runs from 28thSepten*er 
1987to 2nd July 1988 

Sloan Information Evening. 

We fowteyou to attend our next information evening on 
Tuesday; 25th November lrom630prnurrH&30pm. 

l 9 a a A • 

Regjstrat on 01-262 5050 ext 






-for September 1987 


Oakham is an independent 
cp e d uc a tional school and 
member of The Hud 
Mason Gonfennas. There 
aic 970 bows and gi(K with 
280 in tne nth form. 
Further detafe may be 

Obtained from 
The Head Master* 

Rosemead School 

Wanted for January 1987 PE 
specoTsL AWity to teach 
lacrosse desnaHe hut not 

For more details 
please phone 

I IML. I InasMilnr 

mn e nasranon 

Aostrad 8256 
fees script 1^20 

Individual irtstilCfeWL fc 
hour >£10 within walking 
distance any London Un- 
derground station. 

Phone evenings 
01-677 6219. 



School of Architecture & 
Building Engineering 



The School df Ardiitecture and Beading Engi- 
neering offers research projects in a wide range 

of fields.' 

Applications are invited for rese arch 

studentships tenable for three years from Octo- 
ber 1987 tx i the following topks> 

(a) The use of high alm nina cernent is ma- 
rine environments (SERC CAS with 
Lafarge Aluminous Cement Co); 

(b) The design of .interior fighting 

(c) The operation and control refngpfatian 



(d) The thermal response of buOdmec 

(e) The optimised design of heating ventila- 
tion and air condmtming systems; 

(f) Transmission of noise and vibration 
through structures; 

(g) Management of the construction process; 

(h) The overall performance of foe building 

Candidates having interests in other fields are 
also welcome to apply. SERC Studentships 
may be available for eligible candidates. Appli- 
cants must hold or expect to obtain a first or 
upper second class honours degree in a rele- 
vant subject- Building, Arc hite cture, 
En gineeri ng. Physics, Chemistry or Geology. 

Applications, together with fire names and ad- 
dresses of two academic referees and a 
curriculum vitae should be sent to Dr. Pf.G. 
BanfiU. School of Architecture and Building 
Engineering, The University. P.O. Box 147, 
Liverpool, L69 3BX, from whom further par- 
ticulars may be obtained. 


HM dam ID tom a*fec 

mnram COH 4 V 7 . vimu pitr 

ctssng eqittim • meted *nfl 
tel tie traned on conpaK. Lots 
ot rta v5 >og nJffita uMS 
saovana on ap- no snomano, 
good promote) mgpam. Stiey 

Far farther dal Mb 



feBoamnt taowara 


Shorthand sacrefoty 
required for Chairman of 
PuMc Conpsny. Must 
be good organiser. WB1 
be responsible for 
tunning of London office. 
Send CV to 

MssWyfarow. Suite 334. 

182-168 Regent St 
London W1B 5TB- S^ry- 
■ OE8.000. 



OpCT to men w M>men graduate wtx) wish to 
undertake research or post-graduate studies in 
economics, statistics, politics and government, 
sociology, recent economic, socral and political 
history, industrial relations, management stud- 
ies, public and soda! administration, or any 
other branch of the social studies. Student- 
ships do not provide grants for fees or 
maintenance. Particulars from The Admissions 
Secretary. Applications, marked ‘Studentships’ 
as early as possible. 


you tel ta inwfred In a vari- 
ety or gmanl office duttes 
and word processing {training 
Good prcmotxjn pros- 
pods anil awatati benetea 
combine to make Ms a n>- 
perb pockaga. 

Tel Amanda Dawes 
01-831 2401 


Trefoas CoasaBaah 

Ml •ducaM. SM/PAK 
the enter. V«y 0 Qto 8 H 

■ flU 


■oed 3048 to MB Kwor tiM M 


nun OUT or 


rrtULMNt Aw jwa KMMna far 



v trtMrt 







363-168 Iisam street, wi. 


area. Fabuious packago for top class, 
executive PA. 

Ptease forward CV toBOXfM andwwj 
send fu8 detaite of our highly successful 
company by return. 


You are outgoing 
and assertive but 
not looking for 
high powered 
careen A senior 
secretary to the 
MD of a major 
company in WC2 
you win use your 
initiative and . 
rusty shorthand 
phis WP skills. 
Age 27-40, 

aty 3778600 

Secretaries Plus 




tepRb oppntedy foryoung 
gntaWacnwrtt teooint 
pat at a small tean n tot 
orestirawis CttV llarcfeant 


■MW/Wb . - PA *> 

8 Mpbrota «A »m 3 og E O. ft* - 

aw cre w mm me mao. 

X 7 JOOO * WWW— « tr Vrrw R »c 


JCq r ac p c 









store SNtoay fcr 

**** ** 

Bb are * ttpatad- 



S Dstos caotoM W 

Kpun sufl » 




L Ijt 

-u - ^ " 1 J ~— f -‘ xt 




IdMB^sdud for person 
«hh pmUam ag famh- 
P copb nd cuufmtcr 

Apply in writing wui CV 





5th Floor. 73 Upper 
RaipMud Rm« 1- I^afap 



c.£ 15 , 0 OT 

on -rta nwiI TUTS 
eoamcW upaWbB te tasida 

BscogunX xa&ttj pwriL 
KbowMqd coRputensad sy* 

Trf Mre Brag. 
4M asiyan 644& 

to £ 12,500 + 

apnwdl »«M twoKBlor 
dhocJWv fTiooe 
01-7343764 or 0MJ7 MM 

133 Qxfad Suva. Wl 







UJ*.. . 1 - .4 




» t- ■ s 



Etoatoe University 
Appointments. Prep* Public 
School Appointments, 
Edacaiiocal Courses. 
Scftotattripsand FbOowahips. 

La Crime da la CMae and other 
secretarial appointments. 


C— pater n B rii aa i. Computer 
Appointmtnis with editonaL 
Legal A p pa inte w ute Solicitofs, 
CommerciaJ Lawyns. Legal 
Officers. Private A, Public 

L^aJ La Crime for top legal 

PUBc Sector Ap p di m a enti . 


La Crime de la Crime and other 
secretiriri azaJoiiitBiCti& 

Pn^otr: SSTfown k 
Coonay, Overseas. Rentals, with 

Aatitefe «4 Cofcdahk*. 


Ctnrrol lipfenntr 
Management and Executive 
apponitnicuts whh edhooaL 
La CMaw dr la Oteae and other- 
secretarial appointments, 


Mason: A complete car bujer’k 
podewu hc AtoraL 
BariatflitpBnfom: Business 
opportnoitw. ftanchnes etc. 

RrataM Guide. (MentUy) 



Vffla^CoQagss. Hotels, Fichte 


hentajls, appears every day. 

Fffl *n foe coupon aid attach ft to your advertisement, written on a setame 
piece of paper, allowing 28 letien and spaces per late: 

Rates ate linage £4.00 per fine (info. 3 fine*): .Booed Unlay £23 per rinde 
cofanm ce utHpe u rL Court ASocudZfi per fine. AS mea subject to IS% VAT. 

ariumD-ceatinieiieLCoait Ml 9odnLf6 per Got All 
Serf to SMrtey Cwp OmbM Atondwnerit 

Nenspreen Ltd, KTsok «< Vhpria Sheet, LMtei 

Name— — r— — ;■ — — 

Address — - — 

Tdephorie (Daytime). — — . — —Date of insertion. — 

'• (Phase allow three working day* prior to insertion due.) 
Ur jew Am Vht, Amu tr Dim caito 

ki "vO* 
V -i 






v^RIVATE secretary 
CIRCA £10,000 

Are you looking fora secretarial post that offers more than the usual 
daily routine? Would you tike your work to demand responsibility 
and provide a challenge? 

If your answer to these quetions is yes then this new but expanding 
Company have a vacancy for you. We are seeking a dynamic Private 
Secretary to work at our Loudon Offices. 

As Private Secretary to one of the Directors, you will be working in a 
fast moving, commercially orientated environment that necessitates 
good organisational skills. You will also need to be able to communi- 
cate with all levels of staff and liaise with client companies outside 
the industry. 

Applicants should have a good secretarial skills including typing, 
word processing and shorthand. 

Could you take on such a post? Send your C.V. stating age. 
qualifications, experience and current salary or call Nick Newman 
on 01*434 0601. 

,r - 



11th NOVEMBER 12-3 pjn. 

if Deregulation meats an unsatisfactory staff equation take this 
opportunity 10 pop in for an informal dial, lell us about your 
permanent and temporary recruitment 
requirements. Find out mote about the 
Hrojcer vx offer. Come in and meet us. 
we are here to help vou. 



P.R. IN 




INT CO MAYFAIR ElUKMfc- (wy good porks) 

Young dynamic Director, seeks too PA/Sec. oood skills. 


World famous magazine needs 80/50+ secretary. Lots of 
fun and adman. 

TOP AD AGENCY £9/10,000 . 

Award winning creative agency, three secs re SH, must 
have Wang exp. Promo prospects. 

INT. US CO £11,000 

High tec co in Mayfair, Director level sec/pa. lots of admin 
&td poles. 


Property co wffli fab offices, Ms of meeting/greeting, tele, 
typing 40+. 

BIG PR. CO E9J500+ 

Agency with blue chip effects. .Sec for two Directors, 60 
typing, fusty sh. Promo prospects. 


Popular weekhr meg in West End, PA/Sec for Director. good 
state, bis of admin. Bonus. 


For central Mayfair offices, some typhia thp/ll tain you or 

Word Processing. 


01-938 2222 


ttaMr faun betas and PA 20+ good fcnwl tfcfita, adnaWon. 
anf titan to leak tom maB tmt nantnaos chant* to ham brotagl 
ADMIN PA £9,000 

See StocUntas WC2 oltar Inwtwfnent In luting aalaffla'toPA 
Hfttem Impeccable pmmttHm. typing - coma nawacy - mono 

PA SEC d-10,000 

Ctr AOruim) &t»p has pmt afct for cwnprt w k , m erUrasi PA 
(good stytnf typing) no aft. QJBan's E ngficb and vatic petal 

As munis 
after ctafc- 

ANTIQUES AT £9,000! 

facMmeaHO wtbgood paaiiiWiuu/typfng Id look 
wedto and boota mrdelohtM-Art deakr-bi SW3. 





BIG cm - £12,000 + .PERKS 

s?saasis?fe ,, 5aai5ssis?ss: 

mcni Bonk cwumdy wH and ta* ttnmi npanaon 
plans jo capitalise on dcregntanoo m ihe Cay. 

As a resnh iter aw a amnber of ofUmaBne opportmL 

lies far Secretaries with the dnve » stay oa wjv - 
Rag m now! 


top levs! of 

are required. 5 weeks holiday and free 

lu0Cha M Sarah Cowan on 01 23S 3427 
4 Pont Street, 

London SW1X 9EL . 




SSrKmi&Mustte self motivated and' 

Tem ^ 

shorthand and 
run their mw 

BUPA& Pension Scheme. 
Satary according to age 
and experience. 

P lease reply wfth c.v. to: 

Mr N Huttoa. 
Broadway & Mafyaa, 
14 Moat Raw, 
London W1Y 5DA 



: i "f 

Career Hot-Shot 


Take a short cut straight to the top in this High 
interest, high admin role. He drives one of the 
UKs most prestigious and exciting companies — 
an international business empire built on 
tradition, and now rocketed to prominence by 
space-age technology. As second sec at Chai rman 
level you will enjoy a fast pace; high profile 
liaison across all levels and total involvement 
Skills 100/60. Age 20+. Call today. 01-409 1232. 

Rectuttmenl Consultant, ■TCtaPMHtal 

AflyW + 

superb nd you unimo 
me preramua wifi be 
mock a pprrrn ted. Ape 

of Bond St 

MCMUBnani Consultant 
1U.WM— w T w«Mg 




If yon have « kn 1 
year* secretarial ex- 
perience, enjoy woifc- 
mg as pvt of a yetmg 
dynamic creative 
team, and are extro* 
vert yn responsible 
tbb is i unique 


, £ 10,000 ++ 

Creative Assistant for 
young International 
Company. Must havB 
Hair tor design, be confi- 
dent and outgoing to 
work in extrovert emi- 
. rorwient- Excellent 
typing needed. 

£ 10,000 + 

Ideal opportunity tor anfadfaus 

totenratanal co. seeking confi- 
ttoot and poSshed PA tor top 
UK Exec. Qrasuso and attend 
serial and nustoess merits. 
Must lavs sense of bunou- 
and engaging personalty for 
wtonstw top lew! feison. Oc- 
casional business trips. 


€.£ 11,000 

T»T^rTTTTfi I : . 1 

SigiRli career opporlwity with total involvement for 
bright personable PA to MD of thriving 'trading and 
finance company, based in central Lonoon. Plenty of 
scope to use your iitotiw as vital team-member si 
dynamic, but above aH friendly, environment Short- 
hand - accuracy rather than speed. IBM WP (wffl 
train). Age 26*. Excellent prospects and benefits. 
Pteasa phone Jill Wohxm on 01-403 7522/7524. 

JUUanc8 Management Consultants Ltd. 


\ £11,000 

C earthing for dm perfect bos - we have him. 

■ Hrt American, charmin g, exudes enthusiasm 
. and is bead' of the. international dmnaa of a top 
iawannera managem ent co m p any . This role is very 
marketing orienc aed and be seefcs a young, well 
groomed secretary who would enjoy a real PA role. 
100/60 dolls and VP ability needed. 

. £14400 iks. 

A famous interior design ttnjaltaocT andiwaihsrs 
** at bemufol fotmdihigs seeks a secretary to a 
•coior cxeeudre. Yoirit epfoy a full PA rale as you 
llahc with the press and puUedien, ha n dl e PR 
projects and a mixture of InUi business and personal • 
work 80/60 skills and WF ability needed. 

Please triepbnae 01*240 3S3L 

* Elizabeth Hunt * 

i- ReaUhngntCcinsultonts / 

\ BGrosveoof Sheet London W1 yV 



Required for Partner of a professional firm specialis- 
ing in the field of International Trade Marks and 
Brand Names. 

We are looking for a well organised person ideally 
23+ with initiative and a good command of English. 
Word processing experience and good typing speed 

Benefits include Free PPP, Season Ticket Loan. 
Please send career details to: 

90/91 Tottenham Court Road 
London W1P 9HE 

(No Agencies) 



Secretary, preferably with school 
experience, wanted for very busy 
school office in January 1987. Excellent typing 
with book-keeping necessary. Homs 8L30 ajn. 
until 4.30 pjnt, for 5 day week inducting school 
holidays. Generous salary to someone with 
organised and flexible attitude to an often 
hectic workload. 

Please apply naming 2 referees to The 
Stamteed Reed, London, 8E6 4TY, fay 21st 
November 1987. 



I am the Partner in a small young busy Market- 
ing Research Agency. I valued my Personal 
Assistant very highly because she 
took real Merest m ear work and business 
organised and planned for me 
typed ^ beeutifafly, accurately and fast 
treated our dients with care and a t t ent i on 
was calm in a crisis 
was very reach part of the team 

She left to get married. If yon can replace 
her fierce ring Jane Pmder, 
the Business Research Unit, 01 600 0373 



Bright lively secretary /trainee art buyer with ac- 
curate typing and abffity to organise chaso and 
keep smiling. Agency experience preferred. 


50 wpm plus, to cope with Impossible demaqnds 
from accounts team. Sense of humour essential. 

Contact Jayne Elwell 836 4561 

£8f000 + PERKS W1 


Raw Jm or Stafe me tar Inwnrtlm tafenfea. 
§101 4296 


1 1 






Use your flueui French or 
German and ucdfem secre- 
tarial skills ai this high 
p owered Bank working with 
the City's Leaders you'H rel- 
ish ihe pace, expect 
respottsibily and CnjOy job 

353 7696 





Top Ten agency need 23+ 
PA/Sec with £?H to jam 
their sward wuminE team, 
handle anxious clients, 
smooth the way and antici- 
pate problems. Youll besdf 
assured and keen on the 
creative world. 

353 7696 


TO £9,000 

A young consumer orien- 
tated sec to join the 
Research Centre of leading 
advertising gram Alt eye 
for design, excellent typing 
and »cfl spoken approach 
for drat liaison 

353 7696 




With Rusty Shorthand 
an Advantage 

Needed for a young, hard working very friendly team. 
Flexibility a must. High rewards. Hours 10 am - 7 pm. 
Excellent package. Salary negotiable. 

Please ring 

Aline Gameys, 

Personnel Manager, 

Marc Rich 

on 01 935 4455, extension 4136. 

Be choosy 

in today’s job market. 

Ybu can, by working as a Manpower office temporary 

Wtork when you want, of a variety of businesses. 
Weekly pay. free training. Can us now. 


Tan pore rv SuffSpedxtais 

Tel: 225 0505 

2J hour ansMerng sendee 

Circa jG11,000 

socially confident receptionist with “personality plus”! This is a truly 
unique and interestiitt position with plenty of scope for client contact at 
the highest level and involvement in day to day running of the reception 
area for exclusive, bat above all friendly company- in prestigious offices 
based in SW1. 

(Very tittle shorthand and typing - speeds required 80/50) age: 22-40. 

Please telephone Gill Tomlinson on 
01-603 0221 (no agencies). 




Jon ■ yorg zany team of tan- 
ten wt head hr tpicfc 
pnrnohon. As toB airtn. sup- 
port to i tinker you aril usa 
your nitty mwig occasmotty 
on WP anf computer. Insur- 
ance Bpsrmre destahle. 


Staff IntsodncdoBs 
TEL: 01*406 6851 

tat aspects to tuning flu 
Head Office am yum tam m- 
ending turn secretaries to 
chsngag loo rate and ngik 
IxdteJ Husti offices and good 
perks for somebody calm, ma- 
ture. with stytyp and soma 
nauanun uportMca. 

CM CarofiM Vaffiager 


£ 10,080 

Uu four tubUy pea uaM f ta 
assist the Mao ot this krury 
design lean. Hons mteriore 
are moir speoakty. fl you enjoy 
> creative environraent tang 
you Hsretariai stubs (sh m 

Cal Kate lanwat 

Snfflntro do c ti om 
TEL: 0M86 8951 




This is a unique opening for a bright 
person with presence and character to 
work in tandem with one of advertisings 
ascending young stars. You mil be 
working as liis executive assistant and 
involved in everything and anything. Apart 
from superior shorthand and typing, you 
must have worked in an advertising/PR 
company previously. A truly fascinating job 
- if you are 25 or over please telephone 
01-493 5787 in confidence. 

Gordon yates 



£ 11,000 

Good brains? Confident? Proud of your career 
record lo date? This job offers a true outlet for 
intelligence, initiative and ability; The company 
is a world leader in confidential executive 
research. He is one of their top cunsultants. 
Working al his side you will lake on research, 
admin, liaison and all aspects other than 
executive interviews. Skills 90 bO. Age 25-35. 
Call no* 01-400 1232. 

Rei-niifruen! Consul hulls 


Working closely with M.D. of young lively energetic 
priming and rommuniraiicins business. Should have usual 
secretarial skills but most importantly he able to administer 
small secretarial team and work' on pum initiative. 
EiceDent salary and prospects. 

Reply in confid e nc e to Gary MeDisb. Managing Director. 
RoyJe City Ltd. Royle Bow*, Wen luck RnatL 
London M 7$T, Tel: 01-2» 7«£4 

££ 12,000 


Secretary needed tor 
monfaar of sm&B 
Independant Mara wijrtn an 

Cotrasponcksncs. cflont 
contact oOmfa back-up are} 

as mutot tnvoNement in tha 
deals as you can hands! 

You wU be ghwn fan 
opportunity to tMCOffla 
tottoty urenwwa in toe 
business at the company 
*nd you be aneouagad 

- to fly as high as you can. 

Ago 21 -23 Speeds 80/50 

City Office 
01-600 0286 

Marsh & Parsons 

addisland court 


pvposebun smShs randUn tom. 

aa set 

ComtEHy LtC. 5500 pm. 

01-221 333S 

Plaza Estates 

H^OI-629 6604 




Please contact 

The Manager, 
Restaurant Makamura, 
31 Marylebone Lane, 
London W1 

or telephone 01-935 2931 

a coaooH iwoww 

art wine Mr * rMMujwj* r^; 


ta * rvww 

with sails aum»- 

ua alMRTlUVn. - sttn 1WV« I a 


mnnow on 01 ^«9 5161 

mmbOM BUU Oooh IO wortim 

srs ss. 

£v4T?S Ol W 6611- 

H r.i-TZtaiM - i 

Sro*** « oiara »«- 

mjm. 4 bedroom 
bSSoom - I 

room. «“«“? ,iS? M So cff 

j rS£nG8SA% 


mum: 01 2S8 06« 

expenses — - _ l 

moneys he recovered m the 
course of his managroientjte 

was not entitled on an mnajocn-. 

tory applicationto^iflJjhose j 
gapenses from the landlord. 

Mr Justice Vindotl so held in ; 

the Chancery Divinon on an 
I Steriocutory. app^wn J* 
Richard Denis CoUm^tterc- 
ceiver and manager of Dover 
Mansions, Canterbury Crescent, 
gS^Loudon, foi : directions 
as to the manner (if any) “ 
which he could recove r the 
expenses so for incurred m the 

Mr Patrick GrouikLQC aaa 
Mr Charies Wto 

tiffc; Mr Roger Cooke. for J® 
defanlants; Mr Christopher 
Heath for the recerver. 


said that the ptoint^Rudofoh 

Bayfield Evans, was 

the defendant, Clayhope 
Arties Ltd, the owner of a large 

Sock of fiats inaverypoorsate 

of repair. Claimmg to represem 

himself and other resdents m 

SebSck, die plaintgsuj^the 

landlord for . specific t pofo**- 
mance of repairing covenants. 

must have 
some value 

funds at w 

The question for the^utv^ 

whether on an nderiocotory 


sums available should be : paid 
by one of the parties to the 

Stioo, that is, the landlord. ^ 

Applying Boehm v GoodM 
ffimnCh 155) his Lordship 

that it had not. In that rase 

a receiver andman^CT ofa 
partnership business tad been 
appointed by a consort order 

directed the adeof the 

business as a going concern, in 
the event die amount of the 
receiver's payments “SJS 

the amount realized on the sale 

• of the business. 

.MrJ ■rfgJISSSEiK 








trade advertisers 
tel- 01-481 1986 

FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
tel 01-481 4000 

Regina v Secretary of^ate for ma 

the Environment, Ex parte 

Nottinghamshire CoE®sy 


ssRSR&SiS - 

sasarsMBS - 

| injudicial review even rfdwM ih 

I not possible to make a prerog- aj 
I alive order. . ,_,j ■_ ®F 

1 MrJusriceKennedysohral™ t» 
1 the Queen’s Ban* Dmaon on 
I November 6, dian^»g an jj, 

IsasissW'jSB - 
ss&b£M»2 . 


I now be quashed. . 

I HIS LORDSHIP said that 
I there could be no value m 

I dedaratious to the effect that^ 

I two determinations were ultra ’ 
I ^ and invalid whenitay tad j 
I subsequently been validated by , 
I legislation. For a declaration to 
1 begranted it had to be more 

I | than just a comment m rtfanon 


I I Immigrant can 
1 1 be questioned 
I I after entry 

I I Ba®nder Singh ▼ Hammond 
I | An examination of a person 

| | under paragra{* 2 o^kbedule 2 
I I to the immigration Act 1971 by 

I I an immigration officer at a place 


I I his possession information 
I I which caused him to inquire as 
I I to any of the matters set out m 

1 1 i < /.v /ia nf 

Mr Justice Wamngionnwj 
that the receiver was n(rt ennuwi 
to be indemnified by the part- 
Srs personally 

fioency on the ground ttat 



to the assets whk*me under the 

control of die court . 

So here. A recervwappmnted 
by the court was an officer of the 

court. He was «« 

parties who could not there**® 

at this stage be compelled to 

meet his expenses. 

The use of die court’s power 
to appoint a receiver to enforcea 
landlord’s obligation fo«j»£ 
property was a new devdop- 
meutaud posed many w* 
questions wtach. would have to 

be answered in time. 

The position was a most 


as a reminder of 

inhere nt in the power of the 
: court W appoint a receiver. 

‘ A receiver should not mte 
i office unless he was sanshea 
s that the assets of which te was 
- appointed receiver would ne 
adequate to meet his remunera- 
1 non or he tad an enforceable 

lnrr a rucS the 

ere conferred • 

review by way oC 
dedarations ttatpjru rf ^ 
regulations made by d*e beo* 
*Sirv of State for Transput, 
1 SSa sections 73and 74^the 
1982 Act, were wresandof 

no efect, and ttat the CAA was 

SfSted t ° <teiam. m rf 

seven airaaft operated by ™e 
applicant in resp ea « y 
naw^tion services dwrgre m- 

curred in respect o f dam by 
their former operator or to 


iinpugneS were regpla^m 10W 
KTcivil Aviatron CNav^: 
tion Services barges) Re^- 

regulation 6(a) of die Gvu 

•ne oavment, of the ancran m 

respect of whir* d» 

iSured w of any odwrmw^ 
r_A:j.«h.f<Mnn m ddanItiS 

incurrea or ra *n*7 

of which the pasonmd^^ 

the operator at the time wnen 

m yn iryilHin*"*-* J . 

forther provision asapp*w»w 

tho secretary of state to oc 
Se^yor«pedienlfor secur- 
ing such detention.. _ 

5) Regulations m pursuance 

in relation to aircraft deuaned 
for non-payment of any ch^gc 
payable by virtue of regul atigi» 

conesponding to any proves 

mute by or ’under section 
88 " 

Mr Micirad Betoffi QC ^nd 

Brian Ash for the andwnty. 

WELL said dot each of 
regulations In question con- 
Sred a PTOviaon 

tta detentiduofdte mrc^m 

respect of winch the charges 
were incun ed “(w hefog^J^ 

they were incurred by the person 


powered regniatiorotobeimto 


respect of whu* charges naa 

wbct her they woe 

by the person who tad incurred 

the cbmges. . 

That construction did sot 
rendersecthm 74(5) otiose- Sub-: 
section (4) empowff«t rcg«^ 
tioas to be mate for 
detention of two sepai^: ate- 
gories of aircraft oneofwta^ 
vras not limited to mroaft still 
operated by die defentar. Sifo- 
S^ot( 5) wassaffla^e* 5 ^® 

provide a bndge by wta* 
lection 88 could tahrou^ttinto 
regulations. - 

Mr Justice Farquharaon 

' agreed. . ' ■ 

■, Solicitors: Norton^ Ro» 
t Botterd I & Roche; Bir R- J- 
l Britton. 

with out t he 

direction of die court. - 

by die fether’s consnnanL 
ta order to yin*cate fe 
assessment of the chdd, the 
firtWs consultant umdved the 
police, the NSPCC, two general 
practitioners, another consu*- 
tant mediatnaan .and emora 
the child to be interviewed by 
himself or others on seven 

occasions in seven days. 

He did all that without . 
invoiving the Official Sohcrtor 
. or his consultant. 

Her Ladyship could nrrt stress 

too strongly to members <rf 
mwta nce of the role of die 

umau aw4w* '* ' j La *• 
consulted by him; 
re^Smtttat afimvolv^m 
Anv w&Y with wards of cojirt 
STLSlbc Offiml SoBo 
xtor in every aspect of dre c^ 

bvttaprxmsion of mfonn atitai 
wWi the utmost nankness. 

Racehorse breeding 

» U . - 


Solicitors: Zdin Bale;. Bern- 
stein & Co, Stoke Newington; 
Rooks Rider, Bromley. 





paragraph 2(1). 

^Tbe Queens Bench Di- 
visional Court nxwd Justice 

Wadham Stringer (Fareham) 
Ltd v Fareham Borough Coun- 

An advertisement displayed 
on a balloon tethered to a motor 
vehicle standing on acompan£s 

premises was displayed on Tim 

she ... to Which the balloon is 
attached" within regulatio n 2 ffl 

of the Town and Country 
Planning (Control of Advertise- 
ments) Regulations (SI 1984 No 
421), and, accordingly, required 
the local authority’s consent for 
hs display. 

The Queen’s Bench Dr- 
visiopal Court (Lord Justice 
Ralph Gibson and Mr Juswe 

McNeill) so held on Nove mter 

5 when it dismissed the 

: on Fawuary 10, 1986, for tire 
. ^gpiny qf an advertise meat on 
i its premises without coicwmL 
i comrary to regulations 6 ana 8 
i of the 1984 Regulations and 
> section 109(2) of foe Totto and 
f Country Planning Act 1971. 

said a balloon 

J I 

Before Lord 19 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
justice Bakombe • go 

rjudgment November 5] tis 

To be exempt from ratim by ta 
virtue of section 26(4*tff foe sg 
r&meral Rate Act 1967 ana tn 
mdoaZ of the Rating Act!9Tni pi 
a building had to be one which sc 
toured for a purpwe m 
contributing, to Jtammfjg- 
renc- and “hvestock!" m section n 
^S) of the 1971 Act meant r 
or birds which also p 
did so. . .. ., J 

Therefore bmW 1 ^..^”} 

were attached to agricnltoai n 

land and used for the ^ breeding h 
and tearing of horses were not p 

' tStSSSt •«*— ] 

rsSgo«^ 8 

The Court of Appeal »hd^ i 

Hampshire, from a derision ol 
SreLands Tribunal onNovcnv 

■ £HSS»S- 

j sstf 

l £?“£Si in the valuanon 

d Sutural b^w aaticujmral 
>r ggSiiigs stall taj Wte m ta 
rated or to. be mchuted m any 
Ij. valuation list or in any rate ... 


£ 3 KS§§§ 

he in connection with 

on snAatariMmgM®® 6 ^^ 
nt, in subsection (4)(b) ol. 

18 section- ■. ' 

nd «/ 4 ) in this sectioiu^ ej 
nd *«orimtoiral btuWWBA 

was attached to tand whk* was 


meaning of section 26(3) trfthe 
1967 AcL 

The buildin gs w ere in. 
good condition and woe essen- 
tial for accommodating and 
breeding thoroughbred racing 
SS- 'Dic covering of mares by 

the stalliom was usually accom- 
plished in a cover g yard; rot 

sooSnes ft took pl^rotsidc 

in the adjoining paddo<*s. 

The mares were either me 
ratepayers' own BJEVg 
visitmg mans. Covenng too* 
place between Fdiruary 15 and 
July 15 each year. 

boxes but a fcw did so m the 
paddocks in dayliglrt- All the 
mares and stallions had mccss 
to paddocks and save m trosqr 
weather the mares spent most ot 
each day in them. 

Paddocks were esse nti al for 
the running of the s tnd. T hey 
afforded space 

from March until high snmmer 
nourishment . ******* 
foals. From tune to tune iroero 

and ; 0 ? 11 * 


^ ^pr^ nsedabo in connection 
with agricultural operations on 
that land and that othe r use 

rtSSfpS T^; 

section is its sole use. 

. jussu&ffiSj 

derated agncutanal land and 
MkohJ buildings seven 

Rating Assessment Ctminnttire 
to regard them as exempt man 

The appeals foiled, t he cou rt 
finding mat ‘ “in 

■ srancesof this case the breeding 

‘ of Kvesmdc fo no*- » 

• rrew-mtion : stt Lord 

ami toswp seeding. . 

Ws Lordship safo_ that *e 
first question was 


^^midstaejro agrtonto^ 

the same exemptions nom. rar 
ing as the occupiers of agn- 

Committee {(193^) R & 1 T 50). 

Quarter Sessions in other 
psutsof Engand followed that 
riMasion. Then came Lora 
Glanefyv Wightman <(19331 AC 
618), Ttat case was not c«k* 

■ cemed with rating. . 

The issue was whether foe fees 
which LordGlanely had th-nved 
in respect of a stallion he kept at 
stod should bis £ 

income tax under Schedule D 
notwithstanding that he -.tan 
.already been assessed -imder 
Schedule B in respect of the 
occupation , of land as ocorpiea 
in part for hu*andry purposes 

and in part for stud rod raang 

cumirai tow. ,. n , rt,. 

His Lordship said mat me 
1967 Act crosolidated vmwns 

and valuatiro and by section 2b 
continued the 

earlier statutes of feamQjo* 
culmral lamT and “agricultural 

**The^ PaiTTig Act -1971 WM 

_ (g) means binlw 
occupied fogefo^JJ 
cultural land . . - usea 

connection with agricu 
ili ram ml _ . * 

The Rating- Act -1971 was 

jttwm not raempt fro® 
rating because they «« «* 
“agricultural bmldum 

Act 1929. then 

that he should not be further 
assessed under Sched ule D be- 
cause the fees were proms m 
respect of the occtqHtion ofland 
and were chargeable to income 

tax under Schedule EL . , 

Rating authorities m Eugand 

concluded dat Lord Gla»et?& 

case entitled the occupiers , of 
stud firms » cfoim exemption 
. from ra tin g. . ■ _ . 

The reason behind granting 

exemption most have been th at 

since the generative powers of 
stallions- were in Lord Wnght’s 

. Stehm? ^ee^WaS^SSon 
which they grated w# 
minmi land arid any building 
were stabled was 
building. That. 

Forth Smd Ltd v East Lothian 

5Siiisa«-~ - 

Hnriisfa cases. • 

Lord Fraser adjudged, thm .. 
racehorses wot not 
associated with an ordinary 
form and they did not prod uce 

OT directly contribute to produce 

the means of human 
subsistence. . . - 

Lord Avonsidc said at pw: 

“the rearing of stock as- ro .. 
agricultural operation must oe ^ 
rearing of stock which produces ... 
ot contributes to produce tire 
means of • human 
suhristence . ■ . ‘ 

“The whole purpose of farm- ... 


means of human subsidence 

and ihere can be.fHidmrtrt turn _ 

that is why agricultural ana, 



the Forth Stud was not enuoro 
to agricultural exemption from 
rating. " 

f That case was a most perena- - 

. sive authority the ovoro 
legislative intention of section 
■ 26(3) and (4) of the 1967 Act. 

Tn his LOTdshgi's j«tanieHt 

i ^ 

1 intended to cover land us ed tor 

’ purposes contributing to human 

J subsistence. . ’ 

1 Since in both section 26(4)of 
r the 1 967 Act and section s of tne 

5 1971 Act the adjective . 

“ “agriculniral’* ** u f 

3 “building” as well as land, rt 

6 followed that a building to be 
. exempt from rating tad to ro 
b one which was used 'for a 

purpose contributing to huiMn 
^ subsistence and that “kyertpek 
“ in section 2(IXa) of thef971Ag 
111 meant mammals or birds wmea 
16 . did so. . • 

, The ratepayers’ buddings at 

5 Whrtriwry were not used for tta 
Ji keejnng or breeding ofUv^?^ 

°* wrtinn the meaning of section 
w '20X*)ofthe 1971 Act. . 

The next question was 

5® whether the pastnring of raring 

“ storic in paddocks was an agn- 
™ cultural operation within st»r 
tion 26(4Xa) of the 1967 Act. In 
™ his Loidstap’s judgment it was 
9? not. 

P“ . The breeihiig of racing stock, 
““fi in his^ ^Lcadship’s jucHsnxent, m 
I®* the context of the 1967 Act* w® 3 
1181 . not an agricultural purpose ana 1 


r "-C J 

■ ‘S'-JL 

A V-'I 

■« : ».i 

- "*•. 


• r 


Um< \ 

- *K . 

- J*. * 

’ ■ 


1: ^ *■' 

r * * ■' - J 





of spirit 
hands initiative 

From a Special Comspandeiit, Perth 

England produced a day's 
cricket against Western Aus- 
tralia yesterday that was al- 
most wholly without a 
redeeming feature. Bowled 
out in throe hours and a half 
on an excellent pitch, a missed 
slip catch by Bo tham in the 
seventh over was the prehide 
to a performance in the field 
distressingly- devoid of spirit 
as Western Australia built 
upon a lead of 123 to reach 
111 for two widkets at the 
close of play. 

With the first Test starting 
in Brisbane on Friday, the 
morale of the team is closely 
linked with how they bat 
today. Defeat, or a draw 
achieved with difficulty fid- 
lowing another fatlnie by the 
batsmen, would send Austra- 
lia into the Test with a 
psychological advantage the 
tourists would find it hard to 

Only while Broad and Slack 
were adding 41 for the second 
wicket, not without their share 
of luck against Matthews and 
MadLeay, was h possible to 
watch England hopefully. 


dismissal, the fift 8m Reid 
bowling him second ball with 
a last yoricer Gower faded to 
sight, Redd’s hand at the 
moment of delivery having 
been above the level of the 
screen. _ 

Broad, who after survivi ng 
a hot chance to galley before 
he scared on Saturday, played 
with enough assurance yes- 
terday to suggest a lengthy 
occupcation, mis-timed a leg 
glance in the over after Slack’s 
dismissal, mid was caught by 
Cox, the wicket keeper. With 
the score unaltered, Reid 
yorked Gower whereupon 
Lamb, , on whom as the bate- 
man in form much obviously 


275 (G R-Marsfc 124. C D Matfcovra 56; I 
A J DeRoSas four for 82). 

Second Innings 
GR Marti not out. 

MRJVWattac Breed bDeFrtW 2 

T M Moody at Retards b Edmonds - 46 
■G M Wood not out . 

Extras Q)l,b 4,nb 4). 

Total (2 wMs) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18, 2-80. 
BOWUNG ftp dafcfc Mey 8-04OO; 
DaFretes 9-2-23-1; Edmorab frO-12-1; 
Smell 8-2-20-0: Bothem 8-2-S1-Q. . 

ENGLAND XfcRrsttrwnas 
G C Smafl b Matthews _Z a 

B C Broad c Cox b MacLeey 

W N Stack b Reid 

D I Gower b Rad 

AJLan&cWoodbRald : 
‘MWGattmob Matthews 








tC J Richards c Cox b Raid — 

IT Botham c Reid b Bremen — 

PA J DeFreitas c Cor tiMamavs — SO 

PH Edmonds b Matthews 1 

G R DiBey notout — — 1 

Extras fijl. to 1.nb7) 9 

Tbtal — ^ — : ; — 162 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15, £66,-3-58. 4- 
56. 667. 668. 7-128, 6-130161. 10- 
152. . 

BOWUNG: Raid li-3-4Q-fc MecLeay 16- 
934-1: Matthews 1438-364; Braman 7- 
1-40-1; Muidor 2-1-63. 

Umpires: P McCoraiefl and C Gannon. 

Once Slade had been 
bowled by Reid after 55 

minutes, starting a. coDapse- 
that saw four more wickets fen 
in three quarters of an hour; 
Western Australia dominated 
play to a degree all the more 
disturbing for the. feet that in 
last year's Sheffield Shield 

only South 

Tasmania were below them-- 

As at Brisbane 16 days ago, 'but England's cricket firms 
when Queensland bowled .{ben bu- lacked purpose and 

most careless stroke. Before 
grving hhnsrif a ehmy» to 
judge Redd’s lm^ slanting 
across the . stumps from left- 
arm-over, Lamb was caught at 
slip aiming fin- a four through 
extra-cover, driving- at an 
obtuse angle to the flight 
Richards, promoted above 
Botham, had a great opening; 
far -the innings that would 
have assured him of a Test 
place. Bm after 20 minutes he 
attemp t ed a stroke similar to 
Lamb’s and edged it to the 
wicketkeeper, giving Reid a 
sped of four for five in 27 

Botham, pre-selecting a 
straight six, drilled h w ithin 
reach of Reid hard against the 
long-on fence and when Mat- 
thews worked an in-swinger 
between Garting’s bat and 
pad, .England’s brief recovery 
was over. Reid and Matthews 
raised the tally of wickets 
taken by left-arm fest bowlers 
against England to. 22 in five 
innings against State sides, 
co m pared to nine by fest right- 
handers in only 11 fe we r 
avers;. : 

- In the conditions, England** 
prospects of making a decisive 
dent in Western Anstralia’s 
second innings were remote in 
the extreme, not least because 
only DeFreatas of die faster 
bowlers , has any. extra pace: 
Bat what- chance there was 
.disappeared when a snick by 
Marsh off DiBey passed 
through Botham's legs at sec- 
.ond shp, no mare than brush- 
ing his right hand. Broad, at 
backward short Ira, took a. 
good , catch; felling forward ti> 
balls in. succession at Vdetta, 

bodes ill 
for series 

Lahore ■ 

The West ladies completed a 
gushing - victory, with un- 
expected rapidity and ease, on 
the third day of the second Test 
march here on Samrday.For the 
second time -in -die march, 
Pakistan batted with Bole 
conviction, against -die fest 
bowlers and were dismissed in 
their wwnri iwniwg c for 77. 
West Indies won by an 
and 10 runs which levc 
series 1-1. : • - 
Walsh, who took four for 21. 
and Gray, with three for 20, 
were the main cause of 
Pakistan's abject showing. In 
the first innings on Friday, 
Marshall had five fiu 33 and he 
was made man. of the mairit. 
Most people expected the award, 
would go to Greendige, Whose 
75, in four and a half hours, was 
top score in the match. 

Greenidge showed an Sat- 
urday that it was posable for a 
batsman, pi e paml to graft, to 
make runs on this slow, lifeless 
pitch on which tire ban fre- 
quently kept, low and should 
have helped spinners more than 
paceman. Bearing in mind (he 
conditions, the determination, 
skill and hostility shown by the 
West Indian fest bowlers it must 
make l ates t sn fflytpy wib of 
their most r emarkable amongaH 
the ir triumphs in recent years, 
Viv Richards agreed and said 
h was nonic, that after the West 

haH Inn gppcial . 

istspnmers for tbc first ante for 
eight years, they shonld go 
l the game and bowl one 
over between them. “The pilch 
was unpredictable at times bat 
our fest. bowlers consistent) 

them outl 
good pitch, England’s faultlay 
m lack of application- Gatting, 
coming in . at 56 for font; 
fought bard for an hour and a 
half, while for 42 minutes, 
Botham, batting No. 8, raised 
hopes of hitting England out 
of trouble by making 4&off38 
deliveries. Of the rest, only 
Gower had no hand in his 

direction. If Botham's 
concentration was affected by 
the . end of his career with 
Somerset, it' was under- 
standable. But Gattmg'si 
indulgence in allowing him to 
bowl eight overs off a short- 
ened run with foe wind from 
ideally suited to a 
ot hostile outswing, was 

not ’ 

Tour hits trouble 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — The 
first controversy of the rebel 
tour of South Africa by 16 
Australian cricketers has Mown 
up before even a ball has been 
bowled, with Kepler Wessris at 
the centre of an argument over 

The South African-born 
Australian Test opening bats- 
man recently returned to .the 
land of his birth and is captain- 
ing the Eastern Province team. 
The question, is if he plays 
daring the rebel tour, which 
tftflm will be represent? Spring- 
bok skipper, CHve Rice, is 
adamant: “He is a Dutchman. 
He should be available for us." 
Rebel twam manager. Brace 
Francis, is equally convinced 
that, having represented Austra- 
lia, Weasels should be available 
to the tourists. 

The dispute could turn oat to 
be academic as Wessels might 
sol force his way into either 
side. South Africa’s openers, 
Ji tuny Cook and Henry Fother- 
rn gh rtm, were a major su cc es s 
lag season mid number three, 
Peier Kirsten, has been piling up 

bowled straight and their _ 
line would gave caused anyone 

A disconsolate Imran Khan, 
the Pakistan «pfin to 

make any excuses. "It was not 
the sort of wicket to get out to 
low scores if yon were p re p are d 
to work hard,” be said. “Any 
side who gets bowled out for 131 
like we did, cannot, really expect 
to come back and win. I thought 
we mufrt have a chance if we got 
a good start second time but that 
did not happen." 

Pakistan’s second timing * cot- 
lapse was, 1 think, harder to 
justify than West Indies’s feline 
« ganict Abdul Qadir in the first 
Test at. Fairiabad. when be 
bowled into some helpful rough. 
There was hardly a hint that tiie 
necessary resolution and tech- 
nique to deal with fest bowling 
would ever be forthcoming. 

It bodes in for Marian's 
chances m ihe third and decid- 
ing Test in Ka rachi on Novem- 
ber 20. However, the Test and 
the fifth ono-day international 
in Hyderabad, may be played 
elsewhere if ethnic rims, in 
which over 50 people have died 
in the last stx .days, continue in 
the twocities: A aeasico wfll be 
made m the ne xt- few -days , 

• Gray immediately dented 
Pakistan's confidence, when 
theyatarted their second inning* 
50 .minutes - before touch, 87 
behind, by -beating Mohsin 
Khan's tentative forward prod 
in Ins fourth over. Mohsin has 
now scored SI runs in six 
innings in Teas and one day 
in ternationals , a parinst West In- 
dies on tins tour and 40 of those 
came in one innings. 

. At lunch, Pakistan were 10 far 
two. An -hour after tea, the 

matrfi wag finkhwl. 

This is only the third Test 
match of the 74 played in 
Pakistan rince 1954-55 to be 
completed inside three days. 

181 pi D 

the xnqs in early provincial 
matcheS-Therc . would- be- an 
outcry if Wessels were selected 
in place of national hero, 
Graeme PoUocfc Onsting sim- 
per Cfive Rice is out of the 
question, and number six, 
Kevin McKenzie, has come to 
the rescue on the rare O ccas i ons 
the top order has &3ed. 

Wessris' better bet would be 
to opt for the Australian rebels 
whose batting was frequently 
suspect on tbor first ban-break- 
ing tour. But do the rebriswant 
him? There could be consid- 
erabte resentment by some of 
the ade, who risked their inter- 
national futures by agreeing to 
make the first tour. 

PAKISTAN: F fret bring* 
Marshal tv* far 33). 

Second brings 
Mohain Khan bur b Gray 

Rfewan-to-Zaman b Martial 

Oaata Omar retted hurt . 

Jewd Mtondad b WMsti 

an Khan < 

„ .. _ icDujonbWBtsh 
tSalim Yousuf Bxvti Griy — 


Taueeef Aimed not oat-. 

WWkn Akram e Harper b Walah . 
Extras $>4, b 9, nb2,i» 1) — 
TbU . 

FALL OF VrtCICEUfc: 1-3, 2-3, 333, 4-44, 
564. *63. 7-C9, 3-71. 9-77. 

BOWLINGS MvahaS 8-3-14-1; Grey 17-7- 
203; MM* 145641-4; Wcharda «•«- 

Haynes 61 

Frit tiring* 

OL Haynes 6 Ta 
R B flJctwdson bar b Owfir . 
H A Gomes tow b Imran 

1 VA Rriwdsc Yousuf bOuSr. 

ft* JOuJon b Imran — - 

RA Harper tow bQatflr 

MD Marshal not out , 

Victoria ‘ beat. ‘ .New . South 
Wales in the final over for the 
second time in 24 hours yes- 
• terday. Victoria won by one run 
off tite last ball of a McDonald's 
Cup one-day match, having on 
Saturday completed a four- 
wicket Sheffield: Shield victory 
with three balls to spare. 

C G Butts c Yousuf b Imran 

AH Gray b Moran 

C AWwi Dtraran. 

Extras (b 15, to s. nbtQ 


FALL OF VMCKET& 1-43. 2-71, 3-107, 4- 
1S3^-1 60, 6-172,7-179. 8-189, 3204, 10- 
218. • - • . 
BOWUlfcS: Imran 305-4-59-& Akron 9-2- 
160; QacSr 326-86-4: Tauaeel 184-27-1. 
Umpires: V- K Ramaswamy art P D 
Reporter. ' - 


Golden starlet 
of the studio 
at Pinewood 

By Nicolas Soaroes 
Two weeks after Briimn’s 
senior women scooped three 
world titles, the juniors 
gold, two silver and two bronze 
medals in the first two days of 

m nhamniniu 

Two of the medallists, nw&ui 


«imt winner, and Nrcoa 
'airbrother, who 
aiherwcigbt savocome 
tritaih's most successful junior 
hib. pinewood, in- Bracknell 
nd are known for ihar ground 

uu friining in confidence with 
very round, swept t hrough t o 
ie final to beat Heufi Goossens, 
f Belgium, with a fbotsweep. 
f iSftirbrotber, aged 17, bad a 
ahter passage to the final 
Sere, inlbe dosing seconds,. 

k- was knocked down and hdd 

v Suzanne ' Profenier, of 

Other medals came fitim foe 
ghtweight Tracy L« 

ST lifibt-heavywcigbt wcola 
and the fceavy- 


Europe’s rising sun 

Tokyo (AFP) 1 — J 
United States and 
Australia-New Zealand, ! 

7-5, ut-fte $900,000 Nissan Cop 

world champmnship 'here on 

Saturday to quafifrr.for thefinaL 

^ T^m ^ uki Nakagna 

three-round total of 202 to take - 
a two-stroke lead after tlte third 
round of the. individual com- 
petition. Nakajima beat Bob 
Tway. winner offdnrUSPGA 
tournaments tins reason, 66-70 
to riindi victory jin' the Japa- 
nese. The ' ‘ ^ 

prize money 

pm rams flra$ G Brand (GBi Imtic 

7M9: N Ftfdb (Gig » G M>rt> ; 
73; HCtoklGS) drew wffiB Jonas 72-' 

wanning wim - share 
w of.SOOJ 




collect $180,000. 
Australia-New Zealaod pUy 
the United States, last . gear’s 
winners,for third pfeCC. which, is 
worth $1301000. The . bottom 
team coDecte 5901000. - ' 
Nakapma. rolled m seven 
tardies againsLone oncsovej^par 
on the ■ 7,017-yard^ par-72 
Yomftm Country Chib coarse: 
17m ovemighrjoinr fesdas In 

foe US. were tied on fifth place 
with 206. 

Tjiiifl Kr, 

said be was 
prelininary results; “We woe 
foe only team that won all throe 
matches- Our players were all in 
best form and Fm confident of 
our victory over Japan." 

TWtO ROUND: Trin m t Eur0ps-M 
Austrafia-Naw ZUisrt 7-6. Scores [guro- 

“ iksrtoR 

.. ... 171- 

I CtvkfGmdrew wtti B Jonas 72-72; 
A Lyto VBEA bt D Criham MK B Lengw 

(WG) bt I BakerftKb 70-72: 1 WooSMih 

. m kst to G Noroan 74-71. Jvpm bt 

StanSno* (after toW- rewfl: B*b pa 

SSpl Japan 19. A urir afa N ew Zpahnd 

iOnited Saras 14. .. 
wawauAt EVBrt:2oa Narijira 68. 
68, Lortv 88, 66, 7« .tiay 89, 

65, 70: 2M MAlftoy 68, 68. 88; 20S, 

Sutton 87. 09, 70; L* 68, 70, 68; 887, 
NwrieMOraM 68, 68. TOSmAS 67.89, 
71i 288, Bafcer-flnch 67,89,72! Nonrtn 
68, 69, 71; 208. CM 70, 67, 72; 2W, 
Marti 67. 70. 73; PoM 70. 89, 71: 211, 

Yuisrai 72. 69. Date 70i 72.88: Wpo 

68, 72. 71; Smart 69, 74, 68; 211 
HiSEri azaki 71, 73, 88; BraM 72. 70, 

71: eafwm 73, 71, 68J 2l«»*bc«nBin, 88, 

mauy and Tway, esfo-shot a 
two-undcr TO .and shared second 
place on' 204. The US captain, 
John Mahaffcy, -was fourth - 
.The- individuri winner will 
pocket $25,000 dofiars and the . 
nuuer-tq7$lfiiOOOL Sandy L; 

champion, and Hal Sutton, of 

wawwawoou wamfan wa Cham- 

ntartJp. AM rewW ( I mWaw . iilw 

206. W£fc*h 87. 68.70s 208.T 
GafeKfi. 87: 209,MCUiB 7% 78, 87. 0 
Moore BS. 73. 71: 210 J4C6^n75,68, 
67; 21 1. QTunw(N2)70, 72, B99-I Start* 

70.70,71; WRflw70,K,7S:2l^CPany 
70, 70, 72: R Moteuunonra, 75, 6& G 
Soman 74, a. ea - RStutans 
M Spencer 71, 7ft 7lTo Hrtwon 68. 7Di 
74:213, R Shearer 75, 83.09:8 MorUJap) 


Krrwan does not fell for the trader Hip of Bortnzier 

Three-prong Bath 
plug is the answer 

By Nicholas Keith 



There seems little that can 
prevent Bath from sweeping all 
before them in England, win- 
ning foe John Player Cup and 
foe new national merit table. 
Make no miqaVe. this was a 
masterful performance and 
again their back row was su- 
preme in a champion pack. 
They are looking forward to 
to gpt their revenge at 
at the end of month 
in whaz should be one of the best 
rinK i ratdri of the season. 
They never allowed Wasps to 
make their presence felt at foe 
Recreation Ground on Sat- 
urday. Indeed, Wraps seemed 
petrified for most of the match; 
even the normally assured An- 
drew could do nothing tight and 
miiirad three simple penalties. 

But whatever Andrew had. 
done there was no stopping 
Bath. Richard Hfll, the duo and 
En gland captain, was surprised 
that Waspa did not make more 
of a mateh of it, especially after 
their bold display in the cup' 
final last .ApriL _ They Just., 
seemed to lose their nerve; the 
spirit was on edge but the flesh 
was pulped. ... 

There was a pleasing sym- 
metry about Bath’s game: 
Robinson scored a deverty con- 
trolled. short-range try in each 
half with help from his fellow 
f" forwards, and the 
excellent Barnes converted both 
of these as well as tanking a 
penalty in each half This mirror 

image was broken at the end by 
a neat try worked between 
Lazowski and S i m m s; then 
Martin stretched to a ball which 
was not originally intended for 
him and ran, kicked and chased 
to score. 

In between it was all Bath and 

stops Gala 

By Ian McT anchlan 

With a tremendous show of 
power up front, backed by a 
three-quarter line which moved 
the ball frequently and well, 
Hawick beat their arch rivals. 
Gala 43-7. ... 

Gass opened the scoring with 
two penalties and before Gala 
had time to really settie they lost 
tbejr international lode. Smith, 
with a shoulder injury. He was 
replaced by Crooks. In the 26th 
minute, Hogarth, the Hawick 
captain, scored the first try. Gala 

hit back briefly with a .try by 
Moor after good work by 
Exyson. But just before half-time 
the home side extended their 
lead with a fine try by Campbell. 

Cass and Dods exchanged 
penalties at foe beguning of the 
second half before Hawick lost 
their international centre, Mur- 
ray. Oliver, McGaugbey. Hogg 
ana Douglas all b”d tries before 
Hogarth scored his second in 
injury time: 

Glasgow Academicals ended 
Watsomans unbeaten run in the 
McEwan’s n ^iywal league When 
they won 10-6 at New 

lain Paxton, the Selkirk inter- 
national No. 8, was in majestic 
form as be led the side to a 24-3 
win over West of S cotian d. 
-Barrett kicked a penalty for the 
.West of Scotland . , 

Melrose recorded foeir first 
in the McEwan national 

when they beat Stewarfs- 

>Tifleby 13-9- Redbura bad a 
Slid two dropped goals and 
ianhigan a penalty to give 

foe selectors — Michael Weston, 
Martin Green and Des Seabrook 

— will have formed their own 
conclusions but there are one or 
two broader questions for Eng- 
lish rugby to answer. The first is 
the need fora coherent back-row 


England seem to have two sets 
of breakaway forwards who 
could do an adequate job; but, 
instead of choosing a loose trio 
as a unit, they tend to play about 
with foe power supply, suffering 
from blown fuses and short 

Of course, it always seems 
ample to those who do not have 
to pick the rim, but Hall, 
Robinson and Simpson of Bath 

— or, if yon like, Rees, Cook and 
Richards of the Midlands— look 
to be admirable alternative 
breakaway trios. Yon only have 
to see these units working 
together to know that they make 


The nther wTictnVe that Eng- 
lish repre se ntative teams make 
is to enter any international 
arena with one game plan. If the 
Scots (last season) and the Irish 
(last weekend) can raise their 
game and break the .traditional 
dub mould, why cannot the 
English? • •« - 

There is no reason 
Barnes cannot continue to 

beautifully; why Halliday can- 
not find freedom in space; why 
Hill cannot lead by example; 
and why the forwards en bloc 
cannot dominate through unity. 
It is time that familiarity was 
allowed to breed superiority. . 
SCORERS: Bate Trier Robinson gj. 
Martin. Caowentonc Bamas (2L Pan- 
alttMc Barnes p). Wasps TPp Smms. 
CBBWrtor: Andrew. 

BATA C Marat A Swift J Prtnsr, S 
Hafirfay, F S^oa: S Bamas. R«Q 
Chicot G Daws, fl Lee, A Robinson, J 
Morrison. N Redman, J HaB. P Simwon. 
WASPS: D Richardson; S SnSh. K 
Strnms, R Lozowsid, M Baflay: R Ancfcwr. 
N Pratt P Randal. B Bowws. J Probyn, M 
i. C Pfnnagar, S O'Laanr. D Pager, J 


Marat; R Hading (Devon)- 

An uneasy 
win for 

By Michael Stevenson 

Deflate fitful firework dis- 
plays from Buckum and Winter- 
bottom. Yorkshire floundered 
to a 23-14 victory over Cambria 
at Kendal-Kicks were charged 
down, passes dropped and, 
more often than not it seemed, 
mcorrecr options taken at half- 
bade; perhaps the most signifi- 
cant factor in Yorkshire's wm by 
a goal, two tries and three 
penalties to two tries and two 
penalties was that two of their 
tries were pushovers and the 
other, admittedly following a 
lovely handling movement, 
were scored in injury time. 

There were no surprises in the 
northern group of the Thorn 
EMI COunty Championship on 
Samrday.The meeting of Lan- 
cashire and Northumberland at 
Fyfoe was closer than foe 32-14 
scoreiine suggests, though the 
try count of >2 in Lancashire's 
favour was derisive. Cheshire 
were demolished by Durham at 
Chester (3-40). 

SCORERS: Yorirt*K Tries: Rawnstoy?) 
and Hwrteon. PbbMMbk Adamson (2) end 
Gray. C e a wl nn: Gray. Cwnletr Tries 

: Gray. CtenMe: 

S Homes rad Lowther/FmMee: Vfckera 


Melrose a 13 point cushion at 
half-time. Stewart’s/Melville 

fought bade fiercely but Metrose 
manay ri to hang on for victory. 

Ayr recorded their third wm 
in as many weeks when they 
beat Herat's FP 6-4 to very 
difficul t conditions at Millgrae. 
Heriot's toe* the lead when 
Hewitt tan the length of the field 
for a try. Ayr hit back strongly 
and five minutes before the 
break, . Steel drojawl a h»L 
Although the second hall was 
fiercely contested the only score 
as a penalty from the home 
and-off balfJSieri. 

• Kelso recorded foeir biggest 
win this season as they trounced 

Edinburgh Academicals 274). 
Kelso scored five tries through 
Wright. Thomson, Tail, Baird 
and Robeson. Ker lacked two 
conversions and a penalty. 

Vkfccra (Noltartwq: P 
(CoctofTwutfr), U Urattw 
M Hriratt (Hariequlnsj. C Rwd 
N MeOornu (Cocfcmnouto). G 

tPsnotftk 5 Hodgson (MM of Lune}. T 

crammsen (AspetnaX L Omt (Vale of 
Lunrt. S HortM fcDckBfmouthJ, A 
MacfirtaTir (Fyfcto), 

T0HK8HWE R AdMilon jaWM* M 
Mntan (WHtBflekq, R Boom (Ham 
' • J Seobej . 

lord), P & Bt). A »c« 

BD. P W Mw twWe ra (H 
1bMwaaa(noun(&3ft.OB .. 

" PBaeUoa (Orrel), U fMratojr 

ACrtwms (East MUtands 


West Part, from St Helens, 
achieved a notable 26-10 victory 
when they entertained 
Broughton Park. Birkenhead 
Park came within 10 minutes of 
the upset of foe season. They led 
West Hartlepool 15-14 through 
a solid team effort -plus some 
indifferent play by the visitors, 
for whom Boyd missed five 
penalty chances with the wind 
behind him .With defeat lower- 
ing, however, West Hartlepool 
pulled themselves together 
. The Mbit Table B meeting 
between Lfmpool St Helens 
and gjcbtmmd. at Moss Lane, 
resulted in a 10-19 victory for 
the visitor.' 

New-look All Blacks steer 
France to the crossroads 

From David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 


Npw ZAabmd . 


ft is a measure of she achieve- 
ment of New Zealand’s rugby 
that they can go to France, the 

moss successful (with Ireland) of 
the northern hemisphere sides 
during foe 1 980s, and win with a 
team Half of wh om had not been 

capped before this year. A side, 
moreover, upon which foe spot- 
light has shone unmercifully for 
reasons removed from foe field 
of play. 

It is true that France hardly 
packed their side with foeir 
most creative players — no 
Charvet. no Codoroiou. defen- 
sive wings and no genuine flyer 
on the back row — but even 
Codonriou would have been 
hard pressed to play without foe 
ball The control exercised by 
the AH Rlitefc* in the half- 
hour here on Saturday was the 
most impressive feature of a 
mati-h which e mpfp** 1 **! in 
suppr e s sed tension for what h 

|yi4r»^ in fw^ininil faftw 

New Zealand won by a try, 
three penalty goals and two drop 
goals to a fry and a penalty. That 
blunt scoretine ignores foe three 
tries they might — and an other 
days would — have scored and 
foe effort they matte to 

ensure that Fnmce, in nine 
minutes of injury time, did not; 
even though a score then would 
have been too late to affect the 

There was, perhaps, too much 
anxiety in both camps fin- it ever 
to have been a spectacular 
match; it was a proving ground 
for New PhaiiatMl, a discussion 
point fin- Fiance, whose selec- 
tors are at odds over foe 
direction they wish their team to 

The rtm«gp*e they have m*Hi» 
for foe second international in 
Nantes this weekend do not 
alter the course upon which 
Jacques Fouroux, foe coach, 
appears set: Mesne! (warning his 
first cap as a replacement on 
Saturday) for Lescarbouia may 
be on account of foe l at ter’s 
injury, Esteve for Andrieu will 
matter little if there is no chance 
to run and Ondarts for 
Chabowski seems bard on a 
player who performed as re- 
quired in the front row. 

If one aspect of the match 
dominated others, h was the 
t ernm, fowngh foe crowd — 
com para t i vely meagre, at some. 
21,000 — was surprisingly 
forebearing where Parisians 
would have been all a-whisde. It 
was an area where France, 
bristling with aggression, ex- 
pected to do well, and did. 

against an all-Auckland front 
row receiving its international 
baptism. But it took all Steve 
Stiydom’s time to bring foe 
packs together, foe onus being 
on New Zealand to get down 
briskly rather than stepping 
back, domestic style, from foe 
mark before the scrams formed. 

The handful of penalties by 
MrStrydom did nothing to cure 
foe problem which is almost 
certain to recur in Nantes. But it 
is indicative iff the scrummaging 
work New Zealand have done 
fm tour that, despite their front- 
row problems, the pack held 
together and contrived, midway 
through for second half, a wheel 
for Shelford to score their try. 

France led only once, in foe 
first minute of the second half 
when Rodriguez and Champ 
played leading roles in working 
Sella over in the oorser. The sun 
emerged from behind clouds 
and this was foe time for foe 
French to shine; but they lost 
Cazminati, who went off dazed 
after a first-half c ollisi on with 
Crawley and Fitzpatrick, and 
they lost the lead five minutes 
later when Crowley kicked foe 
first of his penalties. 

Thereafter New Zealand took 
charge. Hobbs, their captain and 
a man of some tactical aware- 
ness, stepped up the speed of his 
side's game at lineoul and 
scrum, never allowing the 
French to settle. “I think this 
worked pretty well," be said, 
laconically, afterwards. To the 
extent that Bdrot never had a 
kick at goal in foe second half 

and rally two throughout tire 
match, while Crowley kicked his 
three penalties after foe interval, 
foal is beyond dispute. 

Crowley dropped a magnifi- 
cent 4&-metre goal to open, the 
scoring after a horrid diced 
clearance by Blanco (though it 
was Lescarbouia, looking like 
Dracuia for much of the second 
half after a pendi on foe mouth 
from Botica, who missed touch 
consistently). Stone added an- 
ther after Botica had cleared up 
a scruffy pass from Kirk, who 
otherwise had a good game. 

It was 6-3 to New Zealand at 
the interval and, after Sella's try, 
France had lhtie to remember 
save a magnificent cover tackle 
by Bonneval on Kirwan (who 
must otherwise have scored), 
which alone was worth the entry 
money for the frustrated 

SCORERS: tones Tnp SflOa. PnMtftr- 
BMt Now ZMsid: Try: SrtUortL 
PwHit: Crawtey (3J. Dropped goals: 
Crowtey. Stone. 

FRANS: S Banco (Btarritft P Bfrsf 
P E B0naw ** 

Club), P BwMzter (Agon); H 
(Bouraoki); D Dttoroca (Agen, captain J.J- 
P Garnol (LowdesL E Champ (Toulon). A 
Lorinox f Aix-tes-SatosL J Condom (Batr- 
ntz). . L Rodrtgnnz (Mont te m w a). A 

'(Taranaki); J 

, C Groan 
.... iHart«un.D 

Kkfc (Auckland); 8 McOoweR (Auckland), S 
Fitzpatrick (Auckland}. J Drake (Auck- 
land). K Brower (Otago). M Piera 
(Memtori). G Wbotton (Auckland), J 
Hobtoo (Canterbury, captain). W Shaltonl 
(Nortti Harbour). 

RafBfBK S Strydom (South Africa). 

Knowing one’s foes 

From Gerald Davies, Toulouse 

If France are to make an 
'irapressbu in foe five nations 
championship, notwithstanding 
for the moment the World Cap, 
however nmeb that inaugura l 
competition m ay dominate all 

r ftntr iraf thinking and pqura. 

tiou, they must brood long on 
their present tactical approach 
to the game. 

Long gone is the extravagant 
vision which reflected a sponta- 
neous enth us ia sm and in- 
fluenced the whole team to reach 
for those imaginative parts of 
the game which was their secret 

To take on foe AH Blacks, of 
all people, by foe straight- 
forward expedient of trying to 
overpower them at forward, and 
in tire scram particularly, awd to 
believe that it is going to be 
enough, is to misniiderstaBd 
their own as well as their 
opponents* traditions and 

raro p alKwg d wngHn. 

It was dear tbrougbont the 
first half of a game, which 
turned oat to be surprisingly 

ordinary, that France were load- 
ing their hopes on wearing dawn 
their opponents in the pack. 
New Zealand, so weU steeped in 
their knowledge of foe forward 
game, shored np by their resil- 
ient co mp e tit ive instincts, never 
allow such a predicament to 
come to pass. 

As the second half developed 
it became dear that France were 
bereft of other ideas. The New 
Zealand back row of Hobbs, 
Brewer and foeir new cap, 
Shelford, became more domi- 
nant and, gathering in almost 
everything that was worthwhile 
in the loose, they stifled France's 
limited feritn. 

Typically, having survived 
France’s threat in the sermn— a 
phase which with foe constant 
collapse of the front rows was 
never satisfactory — they sur- 
vived to send the French pack 
into disarray late in foe game, 
for Shelford to pick up an ^ 
charge his way over. It was tire 
land of play for which France 
bad held out their hopes. 

Childs finds a happy home 

By Bryan StOes 




Production appears to be in 
full swing at that factory hidden 
deep in foe Welsh valleys where 
halfbacks are supposedly manu- 
factured complete with lightning 
reflexes and perfect coordina- 
tion. Nowadays even the rejects 
are a ioy to watch. 

Quids, the Llanelli stand-off 
who once had a rejection sSp 
pmned on him, is proving that a 
few running repairs can work 
wonders. He figured largely in 
his side’s victory, contributing 
14 points to Llanelli's win by 
three goals, one try, three pen- 
alty goals to one goal, four 
lty goals and a drop goal on 

He must have felt that some- 
thing had gone amiss with the 
processor at the factory when 
Neath decided several seasons 
ago that be was not foe model 
for them and derided to go for 
the de luxe version, Jonathan 
Davies, instead. 

Childs slipped into foe baric- 
waters of Welsh rugby, not the 
most comfortable position from 
which to view Davies’s emer- 
pence as a world-class player, 
fort he continued to improve bis 
skills and a month ago Swansea 
plucked him from obscurity for 
just one game because of iqjury 

to key players. That game was 
against Llanelli and he obliged 
with two tries in a derisive 

The return of Swansea’s 
Wales international, Dacey, 
pushed him out but Llanelli, 
who had been floundering since 
losing Pearce to Rugby League, 
saw him as foe answer to foeir 
problem. They had endured a 
run of five games without 
success. Since foe arrival of 
Quids they have won afl four 

Childs dearly chose the right 
stage on Saturday on which to 
display his talents. Sitting in foe 
stands were foe Wales selectors 
to watch how. among others, 
Dacey was shaping up for the 
international season. They must 
have marked Childs down for a 
further examination after he has 
had a longer spell in this exalted 
company. His twinkling foot- 
work, which brought Turn two 
tries, and bis dose-range kick- 
ing, which reaped two penalty 
goals, were noteworthy. 

The duel at stand-off was just 
rate of the many absorbing 
aspects ofa game foal seemed to 
be completely in Swansea's 
grasp for the first 20 minutes as 
foeir heavyweight pack steam- 
rollered the Llanelli eight aside 
and took them into the 12-4 

The steam leaked out, how- 
ever, as the more nimble-footed 
and quicker-thinlting Llanelli 

forwards set up a steadily 
increasing number of chances 
for foeir backs, which brought 
four tries (two each for Childs 
and Evans). Swansea could 
mnnap> only one try and that 
came, significantly, from a for- 
ward, Webster, in the tenth 

The Swansea pack, led by 
Colclough and Richard 
Moriarty, completely domi- 
nated the scrums but after the 
initial exchanges their contribu- 
tion in foe loose seemed pon- 
derous. The Llanelli forwards, 
astutely led by May, and with 
Phil Davies giving an object 
lesson in No. S play, were foe 
heroes in this frill-blooded 

At least Swansea could revel 
in the contributions of Wyatt, 
foeir frill beck, who handled and 
ran well and presented them 
with 17 points with his goal- 

SCORERS: SmM TMsc Webster. 
Oecw rt an ; Wyatt- Propped goat WyatL 
Peortj qm to WwH«MJ»»K rite 
Evans (2), CMds (Z). ComaratoaB: 
Gravelle (3). Penalty gote GraveUe. 

SWANSEA: M Wyatt M Tittay. S PBfftL T 
dement, B Taylor. M Dacey. R Jones: C 
Jones. P Httchros, D Young. P Moriarty. 

LLANELLI: M GravaSe; I Evans, S Davies, 
N Davies, P Hopkins; B CMds. J Griffiths: 
A Buchanan. K Towntey. L Delaney, G 
Jones, p May, R ComeHus, D Pickering. P 

D O Hughes {New&ridgeJ- 

Ulster and Leinster meet in decider 

Ulster and Leinster will dash 
in foe Irish inter-provincial 
decider at Ravenhifl on Sat- 
urday week, the centenary meet- 
ing between the two.On 
Saturday, Ulster overwhelmed 
Gonnacnt by one goal, seven 
tries and one penalty goal to one 
penalty goal and one dropped 1 
goal, while at Lansdownc Road, 
Leinster triumphed over Mun- 
ster after a dour forward battle 
by four penalty goals and rate 
dropped goal to one penalty 

Ulster's day started on foe 
brightest possible note with the 
news that the Northern Bank are 
to sponsor the game at 
RavenhiU on November 26 
against foe Fijian Barbarians 
with a cheque for £2,500. 

And on a sun-splashed but 
windy and bitterly cold after- 
noon. Ulster scored eight tries 
without ever having to find an 
extra gear. 

By George Ace 

Flaying into the sun and a 
strong wind is foe first half, 
Ulster reached the interval lead- 
ing 15-6. They ran in five more 
tries in foe second period 
Tony Ward, kicked three 
penalties for Leinster and when 
he retired wftb a leg strain in the 
second half his replacement, 
John Murphy, added a penalty 
and a dropped goaL Michael 
Kieman kicked Munster’s three 
points with bis only successful 
effort in seven attempts. 
SCORERS: Ite rite Irwin (3). Rmy 

a Morrison. Duncan. Wngtand. Caavar- 
e Brown. P e na lt y : Brawn. Cnanneftf 
Dropped goal: Dunne. Penalty: 
Moranletatar: PeraMte Ward (3), Mur- 
Murphy. Munster: 



CONNACHT: H O'Toole (Corinthians); B 


'MMoGay (Bangor).' W 
Sub D Morrow (Ban- 
t JMaioraL W Anderson 
N Cmt (Ante) P Menton 

Ctmcy (Lansdownc). 

(Wand ones), M MacCtancy (Old Bel- 
vadsra). M FBagfebaa (DubOn Unto, M 
Moyton (Shannon). M Tarpay (St Mary's), 
J OThtscoa (Lorton Irish), N Marten 

neferee. D i H Burma (Leinster). 
LEMSTER: H ttrawa (London Irish); J 
Sexton (Dublin UnN). B MuHbi (Oxford 
Untv). A Want (Gteyotanes). Sub J 
Murphy (Greystones). P Haycock 
rrerenure); P Dean (St Mery's). A Doyle 
(Greystones. captain); P Orr (Old Westey). 
H Harfa teo n (Bectwe Rangers). D Fta- 
aereid (Lensdowne). M Ryan 
(Lanai nvnp). J Colton (Dublin Urti J 
Hannon (Skerries), P Collies 
D toteglSt Mary's), 
nay (Otd Crescent),- G 
M Heman (DototwL F 
j Munstert E CTSuMven 
. R Kayes (Cota Con.), M 
.r (Cork con-1; T Mae* (Shannon). T 
Kingston (DofotinL G McLougMn (Sharv 
nonl A Otaaiy (Cork Con.). □ Lenttaan 
(Code Con. captain). J HoNert (Cork 
Con.). P O'Hara (Sunday's WbO). M 
ttbtofl (London Irish). 

Referee: D Templeton (taster). 


France 7 «•» Zealand 18 

(at To****) 

BHteke 11 Conte it 

5555— leta 0 DorssiteVOe 12 

Chetttrt 3 Datura 40 

Mila W Yo rta ti ra 23 

ngvoo AS Oxfordirta 15 

MaittortfWte 13 Hampobn | 

Lamlwi 32 NotBurtwtart 14 

Somerset 13 Wwceotetera w 

M. 22 warns t 

28 Ormi 0 

9 NotOteaa 3 

Bedford 9 wnratoe 23 

UvW/StH ID Hctnurt 19 


BtrfcaaheBd Peril 15 WMlMepoOl 24 

& S. ! 

BteVMa 2* CarcHT 30 

Etbar 4 LOMOQkrt) U 

[[rMlnnadnr 9 Gestertb 3 

tatete 22 IttriilwtfiiTTi » 

HteEgfr 25 Bradford 8 

uSSBaB 7 toie a 

London SaattoO 78 USRtewwtn 6 

London Wow » *teey 2B 

mitten en g»fsaen « 

m££ 5t i 16 GfouceMer 13 

Newport 27 Atoravoo 22 

Oxford U 10 B toA to a th 27 

Pvmti 7 OmaorgeeV W 

Ftfgit xX h 90 BilO Q ivo te r 12 

Pomypool 57 CrottKeyo 10 

10 NrateM 14 

46 CacOxfogaU 20 

. 0 KoBtex 15 

*"■* SiSSSSS n 

S E3 B 

VMtofLune X Wnto* 2 

W oto t Md 15 Norihran tl 

MCEWAm scornsH national league 


Ayr 8 Hariot'iFP 4 

EdtabvDti Acad fl KMto 27 

- ' 10 VWate S 

«3 Cate 7 

8 tonupt r 15 

totoT I 

SHR UtorW. Connacht 8: Lokoter IS. 
Minster & Ctab motrlam. Academy 20, 


Mynattim 15: Trinity 28. Sdymena 15; 
Quean s Utlvandy ffl, Skarriss 6: Cofe- 
PWmoreton IB; Matam 16. 

C^eroo 0. Camforth si Do La Sate 9, 
MpnMaor tt*o®ty ia owiam ow 
37. NOW Brighton 12; HeetwOM 4. 

jh 0; Harrogate 22, Kr- 
nWm )6; Haaton Mocr 3. Okfoam 50; 
HurtarsfieU 7. Sale 50; Kteghfoy 12. 
Kendal 35; Lett* ia, KkHtay Lonsdale 12: 
Manchester 18, Preston ©asshoppers 
18; Mewwlck 17. Thornton Cteveteys 3; 
Mold 5, Ormsktta 4; Old AkMrinans 36 
taeesop 16: OK) Bedans 13. Botton 3; 
0Uy44, Percy PM o . Rochdale 52. 
Kersol 3; RossamWe 0, Toe h li Shef- 
field it Money 13; Southport is.aacK- 
bum 12; Vickers 19, V««Hhaven 3; wea 
Park 25. BrauOTOn Parts 10; Wrexham 
S, VftwfogfonTark 3. 

GROBANK LEAGUE: Norttv-We» Fire! 
cMakw Davenpon 9. Aspatria S Winai 
3. Lwnra IS. North: Fteyt dhtatan: Colne 
andffotoon 7. Pawtth ift Wfodamere 21. 
Colder Vale 21. We* Frtt dnrioion: 
BtrstiMd 7. Newton 27; Merseyside PoL 
ice 7. Sedgtey Part* 13: Moore 4, Eagle 

NORTH-WEST: Devon Merit Table: 
Grafton 19. Eanoujh 7. 

13. Truro 6. Club Matched: Devonpoit 
Sennces 25. Bemstspie 8; St Ives 28, 
Devon and Cornwall Police 8; Uunceston 
13, Weaton4upar44are 2S; Okahsmpion 
20. P*rt?anee-Naw!yn 3; Brixham 41, 
Tefonmoutti 15; Bidetard ia WBSngton 
ftSanouth 4. Avon and Somerset Police 
35; Pa«nton g. Fhlmouth 10: Newton 
Abbot IS. WNeliscomba 10. 


3i ■■ 
wf - 


which [ 

ex, 4x-j 
md rose [ 
awih in| 
ras an j 
l Tum- 
of foe 
from 7) 
■M and i 


lgles is I 
d mil- 1 

10 mil- 
ex pea- 
ked to 
n not! 
ils are 

f this 
■nt es- 
f £70 



Veteran Smyth to 
strike again with 
promising Astral 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

As a jockey Ron Smyth rode 
the winner of the Champion 
Hurdle three times. Since tam- 
ing his attention to training in 
1947 he has also won the 
Imperial Cup three times. 

From that even minescule 
summary of achievement 
gained during a career on the 

turf which now spans more than 
50 years it can be appreciated 
that there is not much that the 
ever-colourful veteran Epsom 
trainer does not know about fast 

Recently, Smyth has pro- 
duced two more talented young 
hurdlers. The first to cm a dash 
was Problem Child who made 
an excellent jumping debut at 
Newbury on October 24 and 
men returned to the same course 
last Wednesday to lay bare his 
own claim to be regarded as the 
best three-year-old seen so far 
this autumn with an even more 
resounding triumph. 

The following day, at 
Kempion, Smyth revealed the 
strength of bis hand in this 
particular department when As- 
tral ran away with his first race 
over the smaller obstacles. 

Today, this well-bred colt, 
who had only modest form on 
the Flat, although he did man- 
age a win, makes a quick return 

to the fray to contest the 
Cuckfietd Novices' Hurdle at 
Plumpton and it will be a bold 
person who opposes him. 

At Kempion be easily beat 
Spring Flight and Adamstown 
who both boasted useful form. 
As none of his rivals this 
afternoon have comparable 
form. Astral looks a justifiable 

Castle Talbot, a winner at 
Plumpton twice already this 
season, returns to attempt to 
record his third strike there in 
the Simpson Piccadilly Novices' 
Chase. However, 1 prefer MM- 
wight Madness vdio alter win- 
ning at Newton Abbot surely did 
well for a relative beginner to 
beat the more experienced Tu- 
dor Road in a handicap at 

My other principal fency on 
the tight Sussex course is 
fjiwihL Boy to win the Shirley 
Sutton Birthday Handicap 
Chase. In my opinion he ex- 
celled to win at the last meeting. 

Meanwhile, at Carlisle, all 
go od wishes will be with the 
brave Jonjo O'NeiD when he 
saddles Crooning Berry, his first 
runner as a trainer, for the 
Cockemoouth Amateur Riders’ 
Handicap Hurdle, Well that 
Crooning Berry won at 
Newbury in the spring. I feel 
that the best O'Neill can hope 
for Is second place behind 
Fiefdom who recently won the 
Ekbalco Hurdle at Newcastle. 

Winning the Lucius Chal- 
lenge Cup. which is named after 
his first Grand National winner, 
will obviously be dear to Gor- 
don Richards’ heart on his local 
track this afternoon. In Easter 
Brig he seems to have found the 
right tooL 

Earlier, his stable companion 
Rqorenatnr can gain his re- 
venge on Weight Problem in the 
Threlkeld Handicap Chase. 

Finally, now that Chipped 
Metal has dropped out, 
Seagram should win the 
ftmdefbn) Novices* Chase at 

■ • • f.? V r 

• V *- / V) 


Half Free breathing down Very Promising’s neck at Cheltenham 

Nicholson chases more gold 

After the sultry heat in 

defeat of Dancing Brave in the 
Breeders' Cup, it was tike n 
breath off fresh air watching 
Very Promising and Half Free 
fight out that tremendous duel 
for tbe Mackesan Gold Cup eu a 
sharp November afternoon at 
Cbetienham on Saturday (Mi- 
chael Seely writes). 

Half Free’s attempt to win the 
coveted trophy for the third 
successive year ended in gallant 
defeat after the pair had drawn 
level aa the final ML Making 
the most of his 51b concession. 
Very Promising drew dear again 
to win by two lengths. 

Kadue’s Lad finished tea 
lengths away in third place. 
NewtiTe Connecti o n, the 4-1 
favourite, fen at the open ditch. 

the sixth fence from home where 

done and Broadbeath also 

ryqip to grief, 

“I thought I would win when I 

got on IkiaE® in the pad d o ck 
beforehand,” said the wtanfog 
jockey, Richard Dmwoody. 
“Very Promising felt so fresh 
and well and ftdl Of beans,” 
David Nicholson, continuing 
his magnificent start to the 
iimpuig n , said: “Voy Promis- 
ing has always been a good horse 
and he's in great form at present- 
We will now go for the Glen 
Tntumatinnal Gold Cup at 
Cheltenham's December meet- 
ing. And after, that ft wffl 
probably be the King George.” 

Fred Winter was equally 
thrilled with the performance of 
the runner-up. “Half Free ran a 
■right? race, bnt the Slb-penalty 

for his win at W l n ca ntoa just 
beat fan. I'm not going to make 
any firm plans anta I see how be 
comes oat of this race.” 

The jumping season is now 
starting to gather inuunatiun 
and farther news co n ce r n i ng 
Kemptaa’s Boning Day feature 
came from J im my Fitzgerald 
about Forgive TV Forget, who is 
favourite at 6-1 to repeat bis 
1985 win to the Cheltenham 
Gold Cup. 

“Forgive ’N’ Forget is to good 
form after hfe Wetberby win,” 
said the Malton trainer. “He’ll 
next ran to the Edward Houser 
Memorial Chase at Haydock on 
Wednesday week and then the 
Tommy Whittle Chase at the 
December meeting on the same 
trad: en route to the King 
Gemge.” • - - 


Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0*32 Tll«SFORM(CO^{»toJRytoy)B Hal 5150 

, B West (4) 


By Mandarin 

an 1 distance winner. BF-beeten favourite in pnee. 

1.1 5 Windbound Lass. 
1.45 Royal Valetir. 

2.15 Native Break. 

2.45 Seagram. 

3.15 Erostin Ruler. 

3.45 Spanish Red. 

2.15 STAVELEY HANDICAP CHASE (£2,064: 3m If) (5 runners) 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.45 Little Sloop. 

Going: firm 

1.15 OXLEY JUVENILE NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £916: 2m) (17 runners) 

1 11333 WnnSOUND LASS (0) (R Savoy) R Hotter 11-0 NCotam 

5 4 BLASKE7 RUN fR Yetea ) C Jackson 10-12 RHyrtl 

6 CAGUOSTRO (V Coates) B Pntoca 10-12 P Double 

10 COUTURE COLOR (Coutm Mwfcatlngj J Macfctt 1512 M Boday (4) 

11 EXPBtTWmffiSS(TMo«»wm)B Morgan 10-1 2 QWMaiia 

17 KO ISLAND (DSaymou)W Tomer 1512 — TracjTomnr(7) 

20 LOVEABOVE (Chananhani Race OuD Oman) MmOJomulO-12 R Batmen (4) 

3 PO/OdFP- SOem&LA BOY (T NoutbfOGfca) T HotribTOoto 11-11-B 

5 33ZU12 NATIVE BREAK (B41) (R Edhmntt) Mm WSyftm 9-10-11 

7 040410 UXIGE* FORTUNE (MR GLadfe) Mn S Davenport 11-157- 

9 0-34314 WEE WBJLIAM (B Hfcks) J Braday 9-10-7 

11 241433 HNAL CLEAR (O) (Bw*>4 Farm Ltd) J Ott 8-10-7 

MrTHoMbmte . — 10-1 

S Mwabaad 9011-4 

ASOatpa • 99FS4 


- CUaw — reft) 97 6-1 

1985: BREAD BAM 7-11-4 MrT Grantham R Ctampion Wafted over 

CnDHA NATIVE BREAK (tQ-im 2nd. feted quieten, boston Yd to Crack A Jota (12-1) wtfr ffw meant 
r y nW _'dmwrS«MLM(10^»Ubw»n5^IMUU»w!Br'**-'“ “““ - — — — — 

Oct 6, 5 ran). Beat run this 

0 QUAUTAW KMG (Quaiteir HoMs) K Stone 10-12 

SONNY HU. IM (Mss W Leighton) A Ugfiton 10-12- 

0 STARDUST ROC (E Hayward) J Bredsy 10-12 

SUPREME DANCER (M Water) K Bridgwater 1512 

TROPtCO (1 Ww-tHO) I Wanfia 10-12 

WIGTOWN BAT (D HB) T Taytar 10-12 

WYVERN(RRowiaMta)waay 10-12 

CnYLWC COtABSI (D Hogg) RHBrtop 10-7 

CLAP YOUR HANDS (Mrs M Staytor) P Sevan 10-7 

KNIGHTLY OA (H Carrington) K Bridgwater 10-7 

IflSSi No caneapontoia nee 

— A String* 

C Smith 




R Crank 



245 PENDEFORD NOVICE CHASE (£1,448: 2m) (6 runners) 

2 HAIR) DORNVALLEY LAD (D) (GBoatey)P Prtlchard 5-11-4 

3 PPO-OOQ ASHCOMBE (R Hoddtch) T Bdgin 7-10-12 

6 000-U DEEP AUBURN (Mrs N Parish) J Parish 7-1512 

9 214WMJ KOUROS (F Starr) O Brennan 7-10-12 

It lOflSM SEAGRAM (Mainerest CM) Q Batons 51512 

ia Mynas- space gbm(j J(4ws)r Lae 5-1512 

_ RDraaraody IS 8-1 

JLovaJoj — 33-1 

11 Altera (4) —12-1 

__ N Brennan — 2-1 

PNkJtea M89FS-6 

J Bryan — 25-1. 

mSrABAUGHT 7-11-6 ROurwoodyfl -6 taV)MrgM ThomM 2 nm 

dd^ra^^GHWiOi-iaswL Wtodtotjcm. baaw>7J toasters P*rt 
Oct 31. 15 raiS- SPACE GEM (10-1) 3rd, baatan 201 to Dancer m Parti (11- 

1 ^a»Devco ( 


May 27. 11 ran). 

1 11, £2010, good;, 

1.45 COVEN SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£634: 2m) (14 runners) 

I 041000- SAUNSON BOY (*D) (T Wlbacfc) J P SmM> 3-11-10 » 

4 3F580F ROYAL VAL£UR (A Gamtola) P Bavwi 6-11-1 TWM 

B 13/ TIC WARRIOR <H Strtddand) G PMM 6-10-13- — 

9 432002 ETBWAL DANCER (Q Borneo) a Barnett 5-10-10 MBowBry W 

11 RHQM PEAT (W Lawrence) Mm A Hawitt 5-100 .MWSaaota 

12 FP0022 DONNAL DEUX (BLaNRLaa 4-100 BDoMogp) 

13 400323 LOO CAB*t(B(CPW0 WChry 5-10-7 Dw>aCMy(7) 

14 042/000 C»ULViraLtM(D Jonas) BOonfaWBo 5-10-7. — 

15 OOAXM4 MOON KLOOY (D) (D MamhaN MraNMacautoy 5-1CLB— Mha G Armwaga W 

17 OPOP4/0- OUR PRETENDER (Mm S Loe) W day 6-106 — 


~ 5-r 
• 99 4-1 

31 — 

34 4-1 

— 12-1 

3.15 REYNOLDSTOWN CUP NOVICE HURDLE (£2,477: 2m 4t) (B runners) 

1 02-2113 BOLD MONK (RCoWajD Samoa 4-11-6 — .VNdHb 9# M 

2 1 8KSIUAN PASSAGE (Ms SCatfranmaflQOMcMmn 4-1 1-2 ROuawoody . MF9-4 

7 4.C0USMCUTWiatr(GAramdon)nvvcoil)aun4-10-12 A M d n ga r W14-1 ' 

8 01 BIOS™ RUER (CO) (J Upson) TCas«yS-10-12_, EBnOU ay (4 M 5-1 

12 004B MLL BEAGLE (NBRMrOJPSmWi 6-1 0-1 2 SJOHaM B312-1 

IB MM- Sa.VHH PW0 M EC 1 (Mra K Batty) R Ho li nahaa a S-KM2 P Drear 91 8-1 

21 2(03403- HBJ05HAfJPBgto)9DWM» 5-10-7 . ACwrpO M 7-T 

22 00U4/OP- YEUNDRE(R BamwO} Mra CRaaway 6-KW BdaHaaa 1625-1 

1S8& BN0N8KI MI-8 K Mooney (10-11 tm) JAnUw 15 nn 

IB PWOP- GLBlteS SUPPER (DEdward«9MBaWay 5-1M 

19 OHMO-O LITTLE DIMPLE (B Sctrafar) R Hokhr 4-106 

22 2P-0I34 JtmY WH9i (SJ3}(Hoo Racing Ud} G Roo 6-1IVS — 

23 330040 DR CORNELIUS (B)(F Barton) F Barton 5-1 03 

198S No earaapoMSag ram 


_ — NCetoman 
P McDannoti (7) 
Msa T Davta (7) 

rvnim mauuaalanaandl 

25. 7 ran). PEAT takas a drop In 
flood, ow 23, 16 ran}. ROYAL V, 

Caling (10-5) at Cartmal (2m If, 

iMi Irn i 

3.45 BRADLEY HANDICAP HURDLE (4-Y-O: £1,718: 2m) (7 runners) 

Course specialists 

1 P-131M FB (D)(D Adam) N Honderson 11-10 — 

2 0-02421 LnTl£ SLOOP p) (Mm G Barney) ONkftolaon11>6._ 

7 384-31 SPANISH RSL (CD) (S Davies} J Edwards 11-2(1 Oa*)- 

9 40TO-11 CUT A CAPER (D) (B Pmaca) B Praaca 10-12 (IDax) — 

11 004-304 WALMER SANDS (Mm C Watch) JSpaaring 70-7 

13 2O0PD6 LOVER COVBIpAm A Game) JS King 106 

14 23P023~ EKAYTB P3 Tamer) I WanBa 106 

19BS; No coowpoMBng net 

MBowMy (7) 90 5-1 

_ R Dttnwoody «0BF04 


- Q Landau (4) 

P Warner 


. K Taanaatf (7| 


N Henderson 
j Edwards 
J Spearing 



Par cent 

















WbVNrs Rides Percent 
25 125 20.0 

8 88 9.1 

6 87 9lO 



By Mandarin 

2m) (11 runners) 

I 2 0112-00 BARTRA (CD) (F HB) A Moots 9-11-7 Candy Meore (7) 9110-1 

4 48-1330 ■KCaHAGTACUS(C0){JMandevfle)GGnnay5-ll6. 

1.00 Wild Sap. 

1.30 Eurolink Boy. 

2.00 Mandavi. 

2.30 Midnight Madness. 
3.00 Flaming PearL 
3-30 ASTRAL (nap). 

Michael Seely's selection: 1.30 EUROLINK BOY (nap). 

The Times Private Haadicapper’s top rating: 2.30 MIDNIGHT MADNESS. 

7 014- MANDAVI (MreK Anderson) N Handeraon 5-11-3 

9 304006 HAWSER (D) (D WMa) M Madgwfck 4-11-1 

10 001336 WSHMFp Bird) A Moore 4-1 1-1— 

11 F32T26 WHTfNER GOEST THOU (D) (Me E Engmi) D Rkrgar 4-10-13 
13 0000-11 TROJAN GOD (OS (S Ocktcrd-Brooka) J Fftctr-Heyas 4-10-4. 

17 034100. SHUTTLECOCK STAR (A CaMn) J Bridger 4-10-0 

>B 0QP069 CAZAUCUTTBR (DJ (R Hammond) H La*Judsan 9-106 

21 P/OFF-OF HTTA JUDGE (D) (Mr* L Ripley) G Fttploy 8-10-0 

22 CUV JUST MARTM flCO) (F PtABn) R CTUinpian 6-10-0 

SPaaMO S3 5-7 

; J Write 02 4-1 

AHadgNfc* 07 8-1 

G Mom 97 6-1 

0 Morphy 90 4-1 

ROddaMn MIG-1 

MMnane 099 8-1 

SMom W — 

Mr A KaUaway (7) — — 

RRoaa — — 

1905: HALL’S PHWCE 4-10-7 R GutdsWn (14-1) D Grisaal 11 ran 

Going: good 

1U) AUTUMN NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) (18 runners) 

U4-31 F0OAI)(SO6naa) 

0030-F0 BSOtCKB (Mrs BCMm) A Mona 4-116 

00- BLACK SPOUT (Mrs E FBcftards) H CytMB 5-1 1 -C— 

OO/P-O CANUCK CLOWN (JBlrd) A Mcota 5-116 

P CHEVBANG tQ Harrington) D Grtsao* 8-1 1-0 

00006 Daea«N(Mlngm(ii) Mm NSnrith 4-116 

036 FOUR FOR UNCLE (I Camptad) I Campbell 4-116 . 

15 060003 UBERTY WALK (Mrs B SherMW) G Graeay 7-116. 

0- IR MCGREGOR (COrtaccDH 07094-116 — 

P-0 RAHM (Mm A Upsdaf) D Waadan 4-116 

OP/ SHARED JOKE (Mre S BpNOg M BoOon 5-1 16- 

24 flPflIMF TRUE PROPHET (Mra PJudwflP Haynes 5-116. 

C Bream 

Q Moore 

W Aharo (4) 

— Candy Moore (7) 





D Morphy 



M Permit 

.. Mr AKalewoy (7) 





1 13 ran 

30 SIMPSON PICCADILLY NOVICE CHASE (£1 ,873: 3m If) (8 runners) 

1 00-1321 CASTLE TALBOT (CO) (MMb V Mart o w i a fc ) J Long 9-11-10 HGeMHtfn 

2 02FP-11 IBDNWHT MADNESS pi) (OBteomfiakOD Bioomflald 6-11-10. LBIoamMd (4) 

3 063432 ABSttJY p Scat!} R Qmrtptan 7-116 PScadamem 

4 0B0Q/4P COaMIAIBIBI CHHISTV |M HaeaN H OTM1 10-116. GlfcCwH 

5 Q000Q/P DRUMMOND STREET (F HBQ A Mam 7-116 . nii«. 

S UPFPUO/ QBBIAL SANDY (Mtes A CMttanHlire)JBB*lay 8-116 MrTOmndwm(4) 

7 PB-223F HOPffUL KYBO 0 Kerma^ J GrifOfd 6-116, i RRowa 

8 CB0486 JBI4A THYME (R Hananond) N La»stadaon 0-116 8 Moor* 

IMS: CHOKE OF CRmcS 9-116 H Dadaa (80-1) H JUcahunt 4 ran 

S3 7-2 

• 09 09-4 

aa 6-i 
— 20-1 
— 33-1 
— r 33-1 
08 3-1 

27 DOILY WBW) A Moore 4-106 M Permit 

28 POPR- GLA8SERT0H CML (Mrs L Ripley) G Njriey 5-106 Mr A Kaleway (7) 

29 HAUTBOY LADY (HatSboy Raatauran) M Martgarick 5-106 AMadgwtck ' 

30 0Q0 PEACERA. WATERS (Jay Bkad M ack Ltd) W Kemp fr1Q6 SSMaton — — 

31 PM TAME DUCHESS (A Taytor) A Moore 4-10-9— — PHowe'p) 

32 2 WOD SAP (T FMeheffl N Leeshiasoo a-106 MlOnana 90 8-1 

196* RAGAPAH 8-11-10 C Furlong (5-1) R Smyth 13 ran 

1 JO SHIRLEY SUTTON BfflTHDAY HANDICAP CffASE (£2,183: 2m 4f) (13 runners) 

t O20-4P4 AJJGNRA BOUKA (CD) (Mrt L Simpson) J Qiftart 10-72-1 H Rf)Nt 93 7-2 

6 U04264 LATWAMBBCANTOWHteMOT Forster 9-11-2. L Haney W 91 F52 

7 031016 SLtfALOHG (D)(J Read) PJ Jones 9-1 16 CHn 87 B-t 

9 gy-PPO OKRLAflETTA flPflha P Stomp) G Graeay 7-10-10 ... NON m i NNen 

10 3-20421 EWOUMC BOY TO (EurcNnk Ud) PMtfihM 7-106 (9aX) .SSbanraod *BB 0-1 

fl 03300P- GfSBKMEPROE(A BNra Tennis Courts LM)PBWWne9-10.7 _ GMcCburt — 10-1 

12 0P2FP1- MA1TREDEE TO (Mm A Wales) P G<3*> T-106— CQnnra BS12-1 

13 P0-UPQ2 MANSION MAMUOER (W>) (MSmnhJP Hedger 10-106 SMaare 99 8-1 

15 400/13-4 DBSTON (CD) (O Underwood) D LMdartwofl 9-ltM HDmdea 9210-1 

17 32413-3 MARX PAlfl. (C) (K Hfcjson) A Moons 10-10-3 _GMoor* 8*10-1 

19 2tM6to HPONESST HOUSE (HO (Mm LWpfeyJGRWey 9-106, Mr AMhmay (7) K — 

21 J 30U330 SGUARE-fttGGED (0 Mentey) P Budar 9>106 - . Mftrtong 

22 0P6Q4O DOWNPAYMENT (C) (U Boton) M BoBon 12-106 RGeHeWta 84 — 

W85e AUGMU BOUM MMO H Rows (3-1 /Mw) J GRcrd 9 ran 

3D BALCOUBE SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£716: 2m) (12 runners) 

T 04822-2 RAMWQ PEARL (ROoocamn/B.SlMns 5-1 1-10, i — RSMBffe 

2 0000- VIsnJLE (T SWtanJ) R Sfcripaon 4.11^ QMoCoart 

3 03043(0 TAm£T0N ELM (D Myers) M Hsynaa 6-11-4 AWNgte 

5 04tM0P EMOTED FOR DUTY (B Fean) P Butter 4-KM3 A OGerman (7) 

0 024363 DBBffiS PRMCE (Mra 0 teamry) C Brwmry $-10-13 HDaries 

7 361143 MANHATTAN BOV (CD) (J EBacfctmn) J Fritayos 4*10-11. Pinny Hteh-Heyae (7) 

8 P4/O400 YAZ®p (B Paarea) j Lang 5-106 Ukeea Long (7) 

9 OP3WO 80H00FCWttSTO<DrHNg^ADaifc0rt4-)M. 

10 303030 GREAT OWING pMocriQ A Omfecn 4-1 0-3 — — 

11 200F3P FOREVER MO (A Wdm)fl Hoad 4-106 Mtfead<7} 

12 FOOP/O-P HJU OF SPEaKJSdManHOWaa 5-106 MAMn>(6 

13 OOOOIP- WABREW IBTOJE TO Mra E HoWdOfll D HotlWon 4.106 ROoUaMta 

1983: 9R7WBALL 6M 5-B-10 Miss C Moors (ffl-1) A Moors 1 7 ran 

I OKKHELD NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £685: 2m) (18 runners) 

1 ASTRAL (D) (M Qaahanl) fl Smyth 10-12 

— — 

— F46 

n RfttoS |V Sate) N IruilM «W7 . 

- RSmnga 

— - • T , 

OEX (Ventura Chemicals Ud) R Akatura 157 


. — 

HBIO SAM (P BaanetOM McCannACH 107 

MOHT MOVE (Hortray EjsadBfS) M 107 - 


— 18-1 
— 51 ' 

3 MOSTANOO (D Myars) 14 Hayniwi «vr 


— 151.. 

Course specialists 

N Henderson 
R Smyth 



Winners Runneri Percent 

10 40 2*0 MPanutt 

7 30 236 RRowb 

13 63 206 H Davies 

5 26 19-2 RGoUaMin 

22 126 17J5 G MOOTS 

14 84 1&7 Only quaMars 


VAmers RMas Percent 
18 106 170 

24 145 1&S 

7 50 14.0 

21 174 12.1 

23 227 1(L1 

0 RHODE ISLAND RBI U Bruton) A Maow. 1IV7 OH 

RUN FOR YOW WOT (Mb* B Sander*} MissSSandera 10-7 Wl 

«» THORNRULLAH (T Timm) J Bridgar 10-7 

200 VICSWV IMJOR (Wrt K CoNra) G Wfictomloy Cl 

4 CARE WTffiA»(tXCStudd)P8caar 106 

DANCBiG BAU£WA Boltan) M BoBon 106 RGaH 

20 HDTTVnST (AAUghOCHotalM 10-2 — ----- CO 

RATTEN ROW (Mss 8 Lanoa) P Hedger 106 MRM 

40 SHBffl CLASS JB Pearce) J Long 106 - 

P 8*»W (Mrs J Samar) DRtnger 106— J8 

1B8& COURAGEOUS CHAROER 3-106 E Itophy (16-1) A Moon 14 IBP 




„ CCeaW 


m a 

The 1986 Brifidt Flat racmg 
season raided on its otstQjnary 
traditional note at. Doncaster 
.on Saturday when Richard 
Quinn drove BdnusiastKve 
Farthings and Dual Venting 
to. win the . William HjB . 
November Handicap and give 
the jockey and Paul Cole, the 
trainer, their 64th and 69th 
victories of the campaign 

Cole, in has first 5 «ar at 
Whatcombe. eq/oyedius most 
successful' season, although 
the trainers* table was domi- 
nated by Michael tStoute soA 
Guy Harwood, those old 
friends and rivals. 

Stouts broke all records in 
terms of prize money won 
both at home and abroad. In 
Britain, he saddled 75 winners 
of races worth £1,266,807 and 
woitfwide, including place 
money, a total of £2,778,405. 

The brilliant Barbadian- 
bom trainer’s 12 group one 
successes included the English 
and Irish Derbys with 
Shahrastani, the lush 1,000 
Guineas, the Sussex Stakes 
and the Prix do Moulin with 
Sonic Lady, the Matchmaker 
Inter nati onal with Shardari 
and die William Hill July Cup 
with Green Desert And Ajdal, 
the stable's winner of the 
Dewhorst Stakes, is 5^1 
winter favourite- for the- 1987 
2,000 Guineas. 

However, 1986 will always 
be remembered as the year of 
Dancing Brave, prepared so 
skilfuUy by Harwood, and Ins 
talented team at Pulborough, 
to win six of his eight races, 
including the' 2,000 Guineas, 
foe Eclipse Stakes, the King 
George VI and Queen Eliza- 
beth Diamond Stakes and the 
Prix de TAic de Triomphe. 

Despite his defeats in foe 

ByWBcfattlSedy ; 

fog Brave has stiB 

right to "be. con f£^_ t ^ 

most versatile P e ^52 Be L?Sv 
the decade: Harwood, mfc 
112 wfoheis at-home,, also 
finished second m. the imafr 

Wrional tabfewtheanmigsof 

■ Ahhon^ Hen^ ^cDhada 

quiet season judged by the 
standards which- have sera 
him champion sw*® 65 ®* 
master of Warren Place stffl 
amassed 116 winners at home, 
finished third in foe I^t. He 

^ the winter -fevoorite. for 

foe Derbym^RefeTOTa PtmiL 
foe winner of the William Hill 
Futurity. Tohn _ Dunlop afco 
enjoyed a magnificent seasoiL 
fi ndi n g fourth at home and 
thud in the. international fist. 

Luca Cumaui, Barry Hub 
and Dm* Hera occupied foe 
next force places in foe table, 
but special , mention must be 
matte of Ben "Hanbnry who 
captured the -1,000 Guineas 
and Oaks with Midway Lady, 
Ian arid Qrarife Nel- 

son for theg handling of those 

exceptionally fest two-year- 
old fiUies > Forest Flower and 
NOnstreOa, and also of Lester 
pjggott, who had 30 winne rs 
in his first season as a trainer. 
’ Non-British tax-paycre con- 
tinue to dominate the owners’ 
table. La vnria, Duchess of 
Norfolk, due to foe exploits of 
Moon Madness, the St Legcr 
winner, being the excep- 
tion to finish in foe 'fost ten. 
The Arabs oontimie to vmy 
all before them due to their 
enormous investment in 
bloodstodc Sheikh Moham- 
med beaded fire list for the 
jroxred successive ^ai; Aidal 
arid Soak Lady bemg among 
his principal moneyspurners. 

Khaled Abdnfia,due mainly 

to tfu* expjous oF Daireihg 
Brave, came second. 
Maktoum .At Maktoum, 
Hamdan Al- Maktoum and 

prnire Sahrian alsofinished m 

dtt fest tea. The A® Khan, 
Europe’s^ most powerful 
0 wner4»eeder l came fond jn 
foe table, but Robert Sangstes, 
who had been fading o«»ner 
five times in the past ten years^ 
could only finish sixth. 

1986 -wfii also be recalled as 
the year in which Pat' Eddery 

finally emerged from foe 
shadow of Lester Piggott. The 
34-yeaf-dW lrishrbom 
with the golden touch rode 
177 winners at home, though 
this number is likely to be 
deciestsedby rare as a dope tog 
taken on De Riguefo ato 
wmnmgat Ascot in September 
has . proved positive for 
Theobromine. • • • 

Eddery, of course, has ter- 
tp.naiM his contract trial 
Vincent O’Brien and is to be 
first jockey for Mr Abdulla 
worldwide in 1987. • -- 

Steve Can then, champion 
in 1984 and 1983, finished 
second with a healthy 149 
winners despite his increasing 
weight 'problems- 
- It has been a year mercifully 
fret from too many cases ; of 
controversial riding, the cause 
cflibte in this department 
oc curring , when fire disrir 
pjmar y . committee of foe 
Jockey C3ub relented Fong? 
Flower after she had beares 
Mmstrefla in the Chevel^f 
■Park Stakes. 

It has been a.marveyoindy 

excrfoig season with a ptenti- 
fill supply of outstanding 
horses and with foe revelling* 
out process at foe top end -of 
the staffioo and yearimg m m? 
ket cofitimang, a healthy 1987 
seems assured- . . ..! 

• tn i * 


Final statistics for the Elat 

OWNERS; 1, SWfr Mohammed, 119 

neat won. £830.121; 2, K A bdufla . 80. 
£803,137; 3, Am-Khwi. 42. £677^47; 
4, H Ranier, 2/ £221,196: 5, M AI 
MaMoum.25. £2iaflBflcS, PSangst*, 
26. £205,t77; 7, H Al MsMoim. 77. 
£201^92; 6 F Saircan. 37. £190.^4; 
9, Duchess of NorfoBc. a £174335; 10, 
P Melon, 18. £132^17. 

JOCKEYS: It Pte Eddoiy. 177 wlonare 
from 8O0TUB5;2,SCBUtfw>. T«*wn 
779:3, WCwson. 130 from 831; 6. G 
SnrKoy, -102 from 504; 6, G OufWU, 
94 bora 67) 

645:7, Wti 

TOtAINSW:!, MGBWte75rarac««rc 

J Burtop, 106. £529379; 5, LCunsutf. 

IB HMs. 55. £347^39; 

T hWL 72 from 830; 9, T Quton, 66 
bam 495, 10, B Thomacm. 57 frcm 

HanbUY. 24, £2BR549; 9, C 
39. £273500; 10. I 



By Mandarin 

3.0 Rrio veoaior. l_30 Milesian Dancer. 2.0 
Easter Brig. 2J0 JFjefaom. 3.0 Perfect frnase. 3L30 
Modtecb- 4.0 Hie Demon Barber. - 
Michael Seely’s selection: LO Rqirv«OTXor. 



good, ctoiM oourM; good to Mil, 


2 sin pouMarresnrawkMGtei»-m — _Noo«gMr 

3 1-« WBGNTFRafiiM(D)JiniwBES|NrBtf^7f6 : ' 


4 tara GOWANHOUSETOriri W A SMptoniort7-1 1-2 RIjmB 

5 104- BORDBI MQHTTO-I HNdm 11-10-11 — SCteriM 

6 2P-2 RERIVBIAroft® Gffichaab T0-106 .PTack 

7 3FR- COSJR VALUAItT(CO) V TtKWp«on Hi * 

- i»-«r nnB B n «p^.. 


&0 RACWG POST NOVICE CHASE (£1.048: 2m) 


1 121P STCOLMEG Rlttwte 5-11-12 RTtesft 

2 W4 ROraLRB*LYWBMd 5-11-7 — NrTGwd 

! 0«- AUCgjANDE»YretoVtiK»ra^ | ^Y|' f] , 

7 MG DUNR0LFE N Vteaaotl 5-116- Z TbwoNir 

B 040- OBBIAGOMItoSKii 6-11-2-- — r- « KS55S 
a 096 OCXDOI RBjSS&R-f^aaa 5-l«_ 5 YocMH (4) 
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*-t CirLSiCriC Lxto, 10-1 PolaW. 





aSP AVBUSffiE NOfoCE HURDLE (Dhr R: £685: 


11-4 BepMnetor, 7-2 fBajnanflM, 96 Qcmtn House. ■ 

2m 330yd) (23) 

7 306 
9 000- 

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20 346 

6 MNFBBnr — **' 


CONTACT KB.VWN BjcroU MH3 C Grant * 

DOCTOR CaeSHEWMcGhla 4-11-0 N 

HARBTT FttrtantT-tl-O— 

•Hisrs 8WD MOW! 6416 „ _ 

McwsauAWB»54i6; tgdbo. C' 

W0UUQHSQk](J9f9SQn4-1T6 MraGRaML. 

WUTTICAL JOKt WAwiplwaOfi 7-1 1-0 ___ R VjmO \ 

PADDT HATTON S IxkSkO* 5-116 — U -- 


RAKeiSFROGRESSTO vtiKnosoi 6-11-0 ... 


W O TACT1CO WFttvtera 4-116 
« 006 TARTAN 70RCHUGHT G RUMRk 0-11-0 



19 MO THEYDHKR J Pwfces 4-' 

at 306 BfKNRMLLLASS R Gokte5-109- — 

25 306 HAZELOAHK P 7-10-9 

25 POO mmsBATES LADY R Gray 5-MW D 

oanjBB-ii-fl PTMt- 

6-116- MMcOnuBte 
5-116 F liran « 

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3-1 Modtocn. 4-1 NaiAlcal Jcto. 51- 
dor And Bun, 10-1 Ttw Yorapnr. .j 

22 00 
23 WHJ 

25 30*1 

26 000- 

27 364 

28 00 

- 56 OHWmts HaOjr, 3-1 PV 
Rambler, 6-1 Mfeetan Dmcar, 8-1 


J -4:lc-i7Y5T 

- 56 CMttm HoBy, 3-1 FtaMoa Green. 4-1 Border 
Rambler, 51 Mterien Dmcar. 51 tSkv Rouge. 

2J0 LUCRJS HANDICAP CHASE (£2^80; 3m) (fo’ 

3 F314 BLACKHAWC STM (D) J OAwr .12-1 1-7— . 4 K Haene 

4 121- Ml SPOTfCO) R SMsb 511-7* MRMehfft 

5 DM BTOJNQ (C)H Wberton 9-11^3 SYaMdm(4) 

6 1 F 0 - Ui aOBlF TO G LemS f 5T1-a RLemb 

. 7 11D- JOES FANCY TOD P Uo6e511-1 HrTRaeO 

8 2202 EASTS? BWOGHfctods5J 0-10 ; ATM* 

9 -F8S CLWR0C1C STREAM vnwmpaon 7-106 '. 

5 TfCnaWN-OARRS? 0 RJcfmrdl 4-116. CDeM* 

. BARTAG BOY H VBnrton 511 
BUZE ATWUL-C Thornton 4414. 

CHERRY RAVE R Ftend»5116; Hr D BaAna 

- CHASH MARKET R RsflW 4-11-2. RfMfc* 

- CROFTON P AW J Ptotr 51 1-2 MrL NtoM -'. 

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QUTN WE8 OOB SEfl QoWe 5-ff-2__ Hr G Scapaff).^ 

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10 3U? DAY OF WISHES (CD) W A Stophoason 15 


11 OFO- MME1EEM SHLLMGS TO Dartya an*»7-106 C Great 
7-4 Easter Brig. 10060 aacWnwfcSHr. 52 Mr Spot 

(Amateurs; £1 ^CG: 2m 330yd) 

1 241 

66 nND8IAN-JtottM5116 



- "WTONOr WA SloplWM 47 i-Z-~. A MantoM g; 
O-SWWQMcCato*-! 1 ^™^ Mr IlKicSi p>-, 
■ - 7IC JOLLY KGGARAmy FKBgandd4-11-Z V. 

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Genrse specialists 

T RAw riia; CTTwrnson.9 ten erti tram 28 ranrwre, 

MeCa»7 te 


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v. . 

Results from Saturday’s four meetings 



Amadeus RoA 

(20-1). reran, 
-os i. Pwmase GoOtoPWh 2, B 

1-1* 1. WUr-waoder S-1£.2. ftw-. 

IjBO 1: Vm 
Free (51); 3. 

1^^ ^^ kSc Sig); 2. Roman ■ 
BBadi (150:3, Star Of A Gunner (tt-4 
favt4.0uw8lr RyBrSS- 1 ). 20 ran. 

Boy (33-1). ExtoPdonefSMuytel te*. 25 





gg««onr. re ran. m ffi^it Gtejg 


glwy 20 mb. wfe mK\ 

_ a&RZapm Ttoi 8M (51); i Auo*ft- 


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Ante! Mg* 64 ltorTrart.--wfe- 

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. AM Hwrnk (3-lftw); 2. Gento 

X30 1. Bnteoaa (52b 2. nhorff-lk 3. 
Stock m Lass (33-TLQue ^wpauca 74 
tav. 14 ran. wt Toacfa Of Gw. . . 

4601. Pfcea (M to); 2, Namrtdge (7- 
tp. 3. Ntoffc Tower (7-1). 14 ran. 


12.401. Kira 
1^3, Tam p4 




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Drop 2-1 fw.13ran.Nrf Our 
M Cap* (W>2. 

S&'gMI 5 

Dwfeifltan Dee) 94 Wl 8 mi. 


wj - .'-S» 


T* ■%.' ... 

1 ii'inii in ii 









composed as 


S ■ 

IV - . 


Oxford United. 

Htenchlester United. 

• i-' 

.... *h> •; 

«• ^ 

ft i 

> J: 


" r- 

.-if nerve has anything to do. 
with being successful at Old 
Stafford then Alex Fergnsott 
beared his first hurdle on 
Sunday. For a man who had 
Ida been hoodwinked he 
Showed remarkable setfeon- 
%pqL They told him whenlie 
ficcame manager of Manches- 
ter United on Thursday that 
lie had inherited a fortune. But 
no-one told him about the 

“' Ferguson can be ‘under no 
illusion now about the task 
dofifronting him. He wifi have 
seat with his own eyes that. 
Contrary to popular belief 
United are not overladen with 
quality. Indeed, they are bereft 
of it Even Maurice Evans, the 
Oxford manager, spoke glibly 
tfbout the star-studded 
strengths at United’s disposal 
yet I doubt whether he would 
swap his XI on Saturday for 

• Even allowing for the distizt* 
absentees, Robson, 
and Whiteside, Fer- 
is faced with a sobstan- 
ing programme. 
Any United supporters 

defence, respectively. Fcr- 
goson was given an eariy 
mioght to UnrtedV defensive 
frailties when, after two min- 
'utes, AQnston almost headed 
the hall into! the path of the 
eager Aldridge, who looked 
more, menacing 'than the' 

United att ack combined. , . 

Time and Bszguson 

saw United’s central pair of 
-*=- and Moran caught hor- ***■ ' ■’**■*' 

Out of - * 

bans and - defenders 
each other- into- trouble. In 
midfield United were embar- 
rassingly outsmarted by 
Hoi^ixon,Rj3^Js > Bro<±and 
Trewick. Moses never had a 

If -United had shown a lot 
more heart than they had done 
at Southampton- in midweek, 
as Evans maintained, then one 
can only assume that some 
individuals bad cheated then- 
departed manager Ron Atkin- 
son. But Evans refilled the. 
idea of Ferguson that United 
lacked confidence. '“You can 
only lack confidence at home 
, from the pressure of support- 
ers, not away ” he said. 

Cotnparcd to Oxford they 
certainly lacked .any- under- 
standing or fluency which 

Liverpool pot up Bad apples 
a sound case for “PF*! j“ 
their title defence / 

By Sturt Jones, Football Correspondent 

nurturing dreams 
League success can forget iL . 
.- ft was all a bit of an anti- 
climax for Ferguson, starting 
with the 13,000 crowd which 
though one of Cup Final 
proportions, Evans said, fin: 
the Manor Ground, did little 
tdexrite a man clearly used to 
life’s bigger stages. If it was a 
bigger audience Ferguson was 
looking for be soon found itin 
the cramped corridors of die 
Oxford dub afterwards as 
Qptepads, radio microphones 
and television cameras were 
thrust in turn into his face 
demanding a series of repeat 
performances. But he re- 
mained - impressively - un- 

rogramme. standing or nucncy winch Cm/nntTy pHy 

years many 
spent together. Naturally, Fer- 
guson concentrated Ins dis- 
pleasure oh defence. 
Apparently spitting fire in the 

Arms to the man: Walker (left) beats Lawvenson to the balL (Photograph: Tommy Hiadley) 

fails to 
bit target 

By Nicholas Hariing 

Wimbledon 0 


Uncanny resilience 
pays dividends 

By Simon O’Hagan 

those dolls w] 

hard you try to knock them 
dressing room he cooled sof- acrobatics kept out dough’s 

The match began explosively, 
Pickering sending over a wicked 
cross in the first minute, only for 
Severs to make art instinctive 
Mock from Bennett’s poini- 
in™ bbmk header. Ogrizovic pn> 

duced a simitar save from 
no matter how Webb’s near-post volley after a 
quarter of as hoar and, five 
minutes before halftime, his 

Luton Town. 

just told them that to wm 
anything you have got to 
defend well, and we defended 
badly, particularly with regard 
to the goals. Wo only reined 
when we were 2-0 down.” - 
-United’s, first concession 
was more an accident than a 
mistake, Moran tripping Ald- 
ridge as he ran across him. for 

which the Oxford forward 
took his own revengefoom die 
penalty spot with his four- 

Satorday’s ma*r*i was die 
story of their recent past in 
min nf i wii Taking an un- 
expected lead 10 nannies into 

Coventry, meanwhile, contin- 
ued id attack with fluency, but 
were tending to dwell on the ball 
in the penalty area. Forest 
seemed to have the measure of 

the second half; they were then 

a duster of defenders and into 


ridfled by itafi, even when one teenth goal of the season. 
t *■ - local radio reporter asked him„ . . Despite . a brief moment of 

■ * * :r for his views on calls for his ascendancy for United, > a sec- 

I'esignation from Oxford ond Oxford goal , always 
supporters, . looked more Kkdy titan an 

i had to think hard equalizer, and 7 sure enough 

- . 

«• i*r f 

-thus > _-r 


V. 1 

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— SRcJ-. f S.J! 

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W.-S-: JB «*" r- 

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*: '■* 



for some nice things to ay 
about his new charges. The 
best he could ofler was that he 
thought the two forwards,! 
Stapleton and Daveqport, did 
particularly wdJ,^ though net;: 
titer bad antbingfoshowfonft- - 

Oxford extended the margin 
when across from ^oughton 
was driven stra^ht back by 
Brock for Sartefto volley fo- 
il was indicative, of Oxford’s 
superior one-touch football 


•***# r a 

m foe fray afgpalsoc 

agar misses. Davenport- prob- --Hoa^awjiOMiia^/u Laworth* J. 
ably deserved better^’ . f • “ 

‘Mori of the thrills and spills, ( 
were befog suppEed at the * 
other end of the fidd bjy tire 
Oxford attack and United 


“ IMTBk C Tunic II 
.P McGrath 
G Hogg, C-Btnckmom. R 
. F GMpMon, P Dnenput P 

DaiTW*. . 

MRWrDSVkkn - 

Nomngham Forest attack but 
held on for the win whit* put - . 

them in sixth place in the first se * gg s 
drviskm and knocked Forest off cwner - 
the top. 

It would be 
that Coventry were 
ever. They played quick, wefl- 
oiganized football and could 
have scored one or two more bat 
fix- tiie excellence of Segen in 
the Forest goaL Seges’s opp- 
osite number, Ogrizovic, like- 
wise produced a series of fine 
saves in a match which started 
wdl, then went rather off the 
boil oefixe building up to a pitch 
of excitement dnnng tire dosing 
stages..! • 

: Forest have no need to feel 
ddnoolized by thisiesuh; how- 
ever ominous liverpooFs 
progress mjsht seam If not 
quite at-then- styling best in the 
fixrt half^ there was a. sustained 
quality about their second half 
perfor ma nce which su g g e st ed 
that their tide daBengp is as 
realistic as ever, . 

bottom left band 

Almost immediately an in- 
spired 50-yaxd run by Borrows 
gave Rmu tire dunce to make it 
2-0 but he wasted it with a shot 
over tiie bar. The rest of the 
match belonged to Fbrest as 
they poured fbrw an d in asucces- 
sion of ripphng moves. A goal 
seemed inevitable but tire Cov- 
entry defence stood its ground 
and Ogrizovic, even when 
forced to deal with two dose- 
range shots from' Birtles in the 
hist minute, was coolness 
personified. It was the first time 
since the opening day of -the 
season that Forest bad foiled- to . 
score in the Leagues . =- ■ 

COVfeNTKY dm 5 Ogrfzcwfe B Bur- 
rows, G Down*. L MdMvS Sedrfvy. T. 
Prate. D Bennatt D PNSpB. C Rvgfs, D 
Bnsnan, N Ptetarttg- 
NOT7VKS4AM FtewC H Sagwn: t 
Bunnwontt s Prarea. D W alter. J 
Motgod. I Bewyar. FOw. N Wabb, M 
ctouflH.O BWaa.GMaa. 

IWteaarM Podc. 

V ' W 


Hollins can feel a little cooler in his hot seat 


«=■ " a a-rt 11 " 3 ^ 


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*-• »w» 

-Tbe point mined by Chelsea 
at Goodison Park on Saturday 
.was probably more than they 
expected but no less than they 
deserved. f>*«i 2-1 behind 
and reduoed t6 10 men after 
MbAIfisier bad been sent off 
midway through the second 
half, refused to fed sorry lor 
themselves. Instead it was 
t jr-- ,r Everton who had cause- for 
f regret as Chelsea’s captain , 
- " c ’ Pales, celebrated to return to 
the team by heading a late 
j equalizer. • 

. J The result, which tot* Oid- 


tea our of the bottom three, was 
a timely boost for their man a g e r , 
John Hollins,, who must be in 
the- unsafest. of seats now that 
Rim Atkinson has been' re- 
. moved from hi? at Manchester 
United. Everton, who slipped 
from sixth to eighth, continued 
their run of baa results nainst 
London dubs; all four of their 
league defeats this season have 
been inflicted by sides from the 
capitd and Cjrelsea have a 
particulariy good rectxd against 


Everton's ferhue to make 
their extra jdayer oount was 
typical of ibeir slipshod perfor- 
mance. Although Sbeedy and 
Heath stnrek-the woodwmk and 
Godden saved brilliantly from 
Wilkinson's header, both of 

Everton's goals arose, from 
Chelsea's errors. - 
The first,, after 28 minutes, 
was scored by Steven from tbe 
penalty spot after McAllister 
had handled needlessly; the 
second, after 68. came from tbe 
trusty^ foot of Sheedy after 
Godden had been peaanzed for 
taking ton many steps- In be- 
tween these efforts was a brave 
beaded goal by Jones right on 
half-time; Chelsea having clev- 
erly sprung Everton's offside 

Jsverioa regained tire 
lead in .controversial circum- 
stanced Chelsea were in danger 
of losing their heads as wdl as 
the match. Rougvje, erne of four 
Chriseapteyerstobebottioed — 
three of urem-forspitefifl fools — 

left Wilkinson writhing on tbe 
ground from possibly the worst 
one of all and shortly afterwards 
McAllister, whose temper had 
been on a short fuse, was 
dismissed after a touchfine scuf- 
fle with Sheedy. 

Fortunately sanity then 
vailed and Chelsea^ who 
seldom threatened with 11 men, 
stunned Everton by equalizing 
with 10. There were four min- 
utes left when Rougvie’s perfect 
centre was met by a towering 
header from Pates, 

EVHTOK! N SooBnl; A Hayr. P 
K RsfcSIIe. D MountfSi K 

Lg g a^TBajran, A Heath, G Stop. P 

. D floimte, K 

Dubin, R Isaac. J Mciiuflhfln. C PatM. P 
Novm. K Jooee f«uteRWogortfl, K Dixon. ■ 
KMcAMer, DWoOd. 

:Q Tyson. 

Three things spoiled this 
i One was the football 
itself, which was dreadful; the 
second was the decision by the 
Luton goalkeeper, Les Steky, 
not to do with the replacement 
ball what he had done with the 
original which was to boot it out 
of the ground and thirdly was 
the smoke which drifted across 
the ground towards the end and 
did not totally obliterate it. 

Fresh, if that is the word, from 
the antagonism of White Hart 
Lane, where at least Wimbledon 
had played a bit of football in 
co ntr ov e r si ally beating Spurs, 
they went back to basics, their 
own unediiymg basics, in a 
game which was a masquerade 
of a first division fixture. 

It was easy, nonetheless, to 
sympathize with Luton, with 
Wimbledon jnfing in on them, 
elbows swmgmft, launching 
their endte q y fbsuiade of high 
baBs, particularly when they are 
into the sun as was the case 
during Saturday’s first hal£ the 
tactics must be enormously 
difficult to counter. 

“You just have to stick with 
it, to weather the storm because 
they are- very- physical,’' admit- - 
ted Donaghy, who was not 
sufficiently distracted by the 
notoriety of Fashann to be 
intinridaied. With the assistance 
of the Irishman, who cleared 
hie efforts from Farrweather 
and Downes off the line, Luton 
became the first visting dub to 
stop Wimbledon scoring at 
home and played what football 
they could. 

Appropriately it was at the 
end of a flowing move, aiding . 
with Breadoa’s cross to the for 
post that Newell beaded the ball 
down for Mark, tire younger of 
the much abused Stein brothers, 
to groe g**? in the wimring goaL 

WimWodon produced no 
moves of such cohesion. The 
best they did create fell to 
Sanchez, who gently side-footed 
Winterburo’s thud minute cross 
at Sealey. The catalyst at Totten- 
ham, Sanchez, was substituted 
after mistiming countless tack- 
les cm Nicholas. 

VHMBLEDOtt: D Bnunt; J Kra. N 
Mntartwn. S GaHara, B GajM. A Thom, 

W Domra. A GnK J Ftatuiw. L Sanchaz 
UrrONTtSffib L! 

l_L n . n— Q - ftlLiA 

Jonnson. “ — . — . . . 

Oonaohy. R m,B Stain (sub: R Wfeon), M 
Newv&MSWn, D McDonough. 

ROMM: L adaptor. 

West Ham United will again 
lead London’s ehanaige m a 
championship that is destined 
once more to be cfrwnrd by 
Liverpool. Tbe verdict was ut- 
tered by two men who were tbe 

closest of more than 60JXX) 
witnesses to see foe inefiuable 
evidence presented in two court- 
rooms on Saturday. 

George Graham was tire first 
to be called to tiie stand, at 

Highbury in the morning. After 
washing the goalless draw be- 
tween the only representatives 
from the capital to fie in the top 
half of tbe t«Wf ip »™ pr of 
Arsenal admitted thatwest 
Ham are “much better than us.** 

Jim Smith fo&aued him, at 
Loftns Road in the afternoon. 
After his Queen’s Park Rangers 
ridft hMtm 3-1 BSd 

suffered their sixth m 

nine games; he said that “if you 
allow Liverpool to play, they are 
the best in the country. Every- 
body win ieH yon that,” 

Take their words for iL Then- 
views. offered on either side of 
the adjournment for lunch, were 
stared several miles and several 
hours apart but, so common was 
the theme that ran between 
them, they might as weS have 
been speaking in tire same place, 
at tire same time and with the 
same voice. 

In recoguiring similar striking 
differences in the respective 
matches, pmlnwn ynd Smith 
touched on tbe reason that 
elevates West Ham above their 
London contemporaries and 
Liverpool above every dub in 
the land. They are ahead in the 
arms race: They fire bullets. The 
Test shoot arrows. 

The combination of Cottee 
and McAvennie, renewed after a 
gap of four games and after the 
sale of Goddard, threatened to 
Mast an uncomfortably large 
hole in Lube’s record. Arsenal's 
goalkeeper had previously been 
beaten only twice in seven home 
appearances in the League. 

“Their front two taught mine 
a lesson today,” Graham said. 
“They make such good runs and 
have Rich great touch that then- 
performance should serve as a 
great education for ns. Combine 
that with quality service and 
you have a team that will be 
there or thereabouts, as they 
were last season”. 

West Ham’s pair could be- 
tween them have scored seven. 
Two of their efforts were dis- 
allowed, four of their attempts 
were blocked fay Lukic, and 
-McAvennie, yet to regain peak 
sharpness, headed over from 
dose range. No wonder Graham 
was “pleased to keep our nm 

Arsenal fbensetas contrib- 
uted to “an ■ma-ymg n timb er of 
gnhunouth incidents for a 
gmlfcjf draw” but their- ideas, 
bounced usually off tire fore- 
head of Quinn, were dull by 
comparison. WgBams occa- 
■sjonaDy matched tire sunshine 
but west Ham’s collective 
imagination was substantially 
the brighter. 

In front of the biggest crowd 
of the day. Arsenal would have 
climbed to tbe top had they 
won. Instead they remained in 
the foothills where, momen- 
tarily at least, they belong. “We 
are still in the process of 
learning,” Graham c o nceded. 
“West Ham are settled.” 

Rut any Haimc that the south 
may hold on tire title was 
suddenly and dramatically put 
into perspective. In spite of 
slipping a nd flidipg on the 

danceucKM; that is known as the 
Rangers pilch, Liverpool strode 
elegantly to a place that has 

hemme as familiar as their own 


Kenny Dalglish was justifi- 
ably frill of admiration for the 
new first division leaden. Such 
is his dislike of the plastic 
surface that, unusually, he left 
himself out of his squad. His 
charges rarely perform wdl on it 
either. Beaten twice there last 
season, they went down 4-1 at 
Luton two weeks aga 

Yet Liverpool’s apening-was 
irresistible. Irreparable damage 
had been earned within IS 
minutes, by Rush and NicoL 
and the rest was an exhibition of 
defensive security linked to 
dangerous counter-attacks. 
Bannister's glorious header was 
cancelled out later by Johnston’s 
equally firm nod. 

The partnership ofWalsh and 
Rtrsb was even more threaten- 
ing than that of Cottee and 
McAvennie. “They were 
magnificent”. Smith stated. 
“Apart from to goal. Rush’s 
work-rate was extraordinary. 
We gave them a two-goal start 
It is bad enough at 00 but it is 
impossible to come back from 

ARSENAL: J Lukic V Andarscm. K 
Sanson. S VUUam. D Olwy , AAdams. 
□RocasSs, P Onto, N Otom. P(Roth.M 

Ut, G Panto, A Gate, P Htton. A 
DwoncMra. M Ward. F McAmnnia. A 
Ofctaru. A CettM, S HWtort. 

It toM— i G Pownay. 


Faraday. 1 Dawes. M Aten (sub: L 
Rounior). A McDonald, G Ctow, T 
Farwicfc, R Janas. G Banntotor, J Byrne, 
C water 

LIVERPOOL: BGrabMaao G Gfcapto, J 
BagHn. M Lawrenaon, C Johnston. A 
• Sisan. P Watth, S Nfcoi, I Rush. J Mdby. 
S McMahon. 

Rafgna: ASevNa. 

Pleat still grapples with 
the problem of Hoddle 

By Sanaa Jones 


City ..... .. 


ur 1 

_ . Seatoy; T Braadcar, R 
NWioiaa. S Foster, M 

David Pleat made a bold 
derision when be excluded the 
England midfield player, Glenn 
Hoddle, from his stinting line- 
up ax Carrow Road. It was an 
experiment which left him a 
wiser man. 

The problem with Hoddle is 
wdl known. Either Pleat finds a 
balanced midfield in which 
Hoddle can function efficiently: 
or he has to build a side without 
him - To some extent it is an 
indictment of F.nglish football 
that a manager like Pleat should 
even consider such a possibility, 
though he made it dear that it is 
not his intention, at tbe mo- 
ment, to sell Hoddle. 

Yet this was an afternoon 
which made one feel bopefiil 
about our national game. Each 
side allowed the other a consid- 
erable degree of freedom and 
both enjoyed long periods of 
controlled possession. Tbe re- 
sult. was attractive and absorb- 
ing, but the balance of tbe rame 
was tilted by Norwich City’s 

l into 

the penalty area. Crook, who 
was signed from Tottenham ip 
May, typified his side’s 
ana he rave Norwich the 
coolly finishing a thoughtful 
attack with his first gold for his 
new club 10 minutes into tire 
second half 

Enter Hoddle. Briefly, Totten- 
ham are transformed. A beauti- 
ful move; darting almost the 
length of the pitch, ends with 
Qaesen touching in his first 
League goaL Significantly, tbe 
most destructive pass of this 
d^iiM sequence came from 

Tottenham did not n wn agB to 
keep parity for long. Within five 
minutes Effiott had loped into 
the penalty area to head the 
winner with an uncompromis- 
: teqx Crook, inevitably, had 
the free kick which pie- 
seated him with tire oppor- 

NORWICH CUtt BGunm I CuhrarhauM. 
A Sparing. S Bn** M Ptatan, S Btott, I 
Crook. K Drirfcefl. D Hodgson, P 
Mendhem, Q Gordon. 

Hughton (sub: G Hoddto), M Thomas, Q 
Roberts, P Mlar. R Gough. C Alton. N 
CtoMM. C Wftddte G Mafibutt, P Aten. 
:K Baker. 

By David Powell 

Police determination to 
stamp out violence at football 
grounds came strongly into 
focus on Saturday when special 
operations were mounted at 
Darlington and MillwalL Al- 
though $8 arrests were made at 
Darlington, only eight of those 
were inside the ground, while an 

intimidating constabulary pres- 
ence for the visit of Leeds 
United to the New Cross area of 
South-East London prevented a 
repeat of the ugly scenes wit- 
nessed in the corresponding 
fixture last season. 

Six people were taken to 
Darlington hospital, including 
one policeman, after rival 
supporters clashed on the pilch 
and delayed for 12 minutes the 
start of the derby match against 
Middlesbrough. But a polioc 
spokesman said yesterday: “We 
expected trouble by rival war- 
ring factions and were geared up 
to deal with h. Before the match 
we arrested 64, which is an 
indication of our resolve to 
stamp out the violence. Sixteen 
arrests were made after tire 
match. The whole operation 
went very wefl.” 

The intimidating atmosphere 
had no adverse affect on the 
Middlesbrough team, who re- 
gained tbe leadership of tire 
third division with a 1-0 win, 
Stephens scoring his twelfth goal 
of tire season to become joint 
top marksman in the division. 

Ige ds , on the other band, 
beaten 1 -O^appeared to suffer an 
adverse reaction from a morn- 
ing kick-off designed to limit the 
number of visitors from York- 
shire and reduce pre-jnatch 
alcohol consumption. You have 
to be a dedicated hooligan to be 
up at Sam and remember your 
party pack. 

With the chance to lead tire 
second division — albeit for only 
four hours — for the first time 
since their relegation five sea- 
sons ago. Leeds could have done 
with a lesson in teamwork from 
tire local police: In a scene 
reminiscent of Coldilz there 
were more horses and Alsatians 
in the high street than Saturday 
morning shoppers. 

Thus were the trouble-makers 
contained and there was no 
trace of the missile throwing and 

match fietween the clubs, ? 

It is a phy that Billy Bremner, 
the Leeds United manager, 
refuses to attend post-match 
press con fer ences. Why, one 
wondered, does he refuse to play 
a winger when he signed one, 
Buckley, from Doncaster 
Rovers, in the close season? 
Such an omission probably cost 
Leeds their unbeaten six-match 
League run as their £200,000 
summer acquisition from Shef- 
field United!, Edwards, a proven 
marskman. again failed to score, 
having done so only twice in 17 
games since moving dubs. 

Threats halt 
Dutch match 

Rotterdam (AP) — A Dutch 
League match between Excelsior 
and FC Den Haag was halted 
after 56 minutes yesterday and 
an unknown number of people 
were arrested because of vi- 
olence. CecsBakker, the referee, 
stopped play after the home 
team. Excelsior, who were trail- 
ing 1 - 0 , said they felt threatened 
by visiting supporters. 

Eariy m tbe match Den Haag 
fens hurled an explosive device 
on to the field near Excelsior’s 
penalty area. Notorious for tbefr 
rowdy behaviour, they also 
threw fireworks and wooden 
boards and smashed a wooden 
barrier behind their stand. 

Tear-gas fans 

Munich (AP) — About 250 
fans invaded the pitch during a 
match here between Munich 
1860 and Bayreuth. Twenty 
policemen were injured in a 
dash in which both sides used 
tear gas. 

, H9 


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ft BtumodaTom IJ&attan Cawsdw 
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Rrst round: Eaafngton 4. 





ft ittfiuBt erf Esaebourre % Moream 
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LEAGUE: heater d Msto te Bow* ft 

JtotfwS ? 

Raw* V. St Neon 2, AmpINI ft SandL 
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camaBi caumes league pw- 

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Chatteris 4. 

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ft Cbndown ft Kafcsham ft Taunton ft 
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dMstote Abandon United ft 
1; Monte Mffem 1, Rayrara 
Lone ft Moraton 1, Aagasus Jurdori 1; 

.Vldng Sports i. 

roorrf ratter Rhgwood 1. 

ZIJ LEAGUE: BranfamOd ft 
rfoUitfiogna 1. Fort 1; 
fiuntam Rantews 1. Woodfatd 1; 
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1, PurfUetft Hatetoad I.SewbridgewCtftli 
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A Hu i mM iiBii i a momrow 

Clyde 3 PartJtfi 

Dumbertan 2 

East Fite 2 

Forfar Ath 0 

RBmamock 3 Dn a en ofl 


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19 6 7 7 24 26 17 
19 4 9 8 21 25 17 
19 8 310 22 38 15 
19 3.511 18 34 11 

D unle tmtee 
Queen of Sth 
Forfar Ath 


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1 3. Thame ft 
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An Adriatic 
Raith Rouen 

Swing Ato 

Avon Rovers 


Snt Johnstone 
Queen's Park 
Bare**, _ 

East Suing 

A ny t h 



Fkat «un* Marina 2. Booito 1. 

dMstoK Pemrant 2, Utyesas ft Croydon 
and Manor 4, Amareham ft Edgunra ft 
Baddon ft Hamras 3, Narthwood 3; 
wrftham Abbey 1. Gorimtrian-Casurfs ft 

s£5t Lherpool SMoecambe 4, VWtonft 
Mosstoy ft Horwicb ft Soirthport ft 
B 1: WoUngton ft MaHodkS. 
taWTHAL LEAQUfe rtmt d M akra . Uwafr 
pod ft Itenchastar IMtad r. 

Ipswich ft Luton 1, Crystal Psteco ft 
T^iiriUBn HdsptrS, tore** 

Pie, pints and a point 

Three young spectators be- 
came top non League footballers 
for a day when they answered, an 
SOS from North wich Victoria 
for their GM Vauxhall Con- 
ference league game against 
Maidstone on Saturday. 
North wich had only eight fit 
men - their goalkeeper and 
seven outfield players - until 
their chairman, Derek Nuttali. 
asked on the public address 
system whether any of the 738 
members of the crowd wanted a 
game against the league leaders. 

Out stepped local Sunday 
league players, Steve Garnett, 
Rick Parian and Mark Fogg, to 
help Northwich battle to a 1-1 
draw. The Nortirwicb manager, 
Stuart Pearson, the 37-year-old 
former Manchester United and 
England forward, said: “This 
was the most unprofessional 
thing that has ever happened in 

my career.“I had been trying to 
get the game postponed because 
we had 13 or 14 players injured, 
including myself. We were going 
to stan the match with only 
eight men but then my chair- 
man suggested we get three 
more bodies from somewhere. 

Tbe lads did magnificently, 
especially as one of them bad 
scoffed a pork pie and downed 
two pints at the local pub just 
before coming into the ground.” 

The three youngsters were 
registered in accordance with 
Conference regulations. The 
league’s secretary. Peter Hunter, 
saiar “ Provided the players 
were registered by tbe kick-off, 
tbe forms were completed cor- 
rectly and 7 am notified by tele- 
message by _ first post on 
Monday morning, everything is 
in order.” 


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Garrick 4; Batemww ft Gnmitora 3; 

CVtomOa 0. Gahnbm 1: Dbfflofy ft 
United ft Gtanwon 4, Portetfown ft 
Qaraofan 2. Nawiy 0; Lama 2. Bangor ft 

Anntor dnteton Boston ft Lon Eaton ft 
1, Eastwood 1: North faitoy ft 
CoOtoriK ft Sutton Town 3. 


A supremely topical book by 
the man who was, far four | 
years, Minister ofl 

Collins Wilim £12.95 1 


29 . _ 




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Rebellion bowled out m two 

Chief Saoris Correspondent 

S'W' viVvS£s«? : jf ■ 





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m: ^ti Itfli 

From that moment the nsRuinei®. 
was over, the rebels knew it, and imp 
migh t as wefl have voted *» Kft. 
Many did. . , . 

In an infonnaL unemotional voice, 
and even more informal frayed 
pullover, Popptewell said that half- 







flat the 

ova - bane-duck yacV> 

wt« saying that t 

aver two mnretes in front of 

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Rees needs 

Hull lose 

knots ofSW breere at the start; . 
were such that Cudmcare’s crew 
had the smallest, Code ifi, tpocm 
oat af the bag for the first- tune. 
•We didn't carry a sptatakeroo 
the second reach*” said 
Codmorc-“We were a long way 
In front Why take die risST 
Sydaey-Steak V Kfdney 
staged the maw m»et oftte 

ntimtfti A, mwiCfl 'fQlp defend* 

ear series.' She led Kookaburra 
m, top boat in the recently 
conducted Defender Scries A, by 
25 seconds at the first weather 

£uk*n d then doubted the 
pi mfli n on .the next* downwind* 

Gear feilnrc that intervened 
to avert defeat for fern Murray 
aboard KHL Steak V Kidney 
lost her headsafl halftray up the 

second beat She safled nunnsja 

genoa for over -five mmnt es 
while her crew battted in huh 
seas to rig a replace m e n t s ad- At 
the second windward mark 
Murray was 3 min 8 sec ahead 
but that is hot the statistic to be 

Few yachts in either defender 
w.dmflessfflw fleets avoided the 
impact of the weather: Racing 
started into 28 knots of. boast 


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TSES MafcMnBgt 

« Kbohabum ft; Qorth Asstnia v 

one set 
for victory 

- . r - ' 


Giradec is well 
ahead in chase 

By Gordon Allan 

Stephen Rees, of Wales, won 
ihe first four sets against David 
Bryant, the 1983 winner, in die 
nine-set final of the CIS United 
Kingdom indoor singles 
championship at the Preston 

By Keith Maddia 

WhB had an unpleasant 
experience at Wamagten. Their 
coach brokedown on the motor- 


another one they left au their kit 
behind. Warrington provided 

The scores were 7-3* 7-5, 7-0, 
7-1, which left Rees needing to 
win one set after the interval to 
lake the title and the first prize 
of £7,000 back to Swansea. 

In the semi-finals on Saturday 
Bryant beat Roy Cutts, the 
Eng lish indoor champion, 3-7* 

7-1, 7-5, 3-7, 7-0 in nearly four 
hours and Rees beat David 
Corkill, the Supobowl winner, 
7-0, 7-6, 3-7, 7-6. 

Bryant lost die first set but he 
is used to little setbacksHe took 
the next two sets bat .Ctttts 
protonned the match by wmmsg 

the fourth, m which Bryant 
made what he adm i tted was a 
tactical blander by altering the 
jack length. The score in the fifth 
set, 7-0 to Ehyant, suggests Cota 
was outplayed, which is untrue. 

Rees whitewashed CoridD in 
the fin* set and won the second 
by the nanowest margin to go 
into the break feeling good. 
When they came on stare again, 
Gorkin, with the help of three or 
four rubs and slides when Rees's 
position seemed safe, won the 
next set 7-3. At 6-4 in tire fourth, 
CoridD delivered three bowls 
that were loose, by his stan- 
dards, and with fats fourth nut 
inches past Rees's winning dus- 
ter of three. 



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boots were eventnafly delivered 
ingo£T42 minutieslate. 

Hnfl, suffered fimber and, 
laming die services of Schofield 
and Crooks, were be a ten 42-10, 
Warrington scoring eight tries 
through Mike Gregory, Roberts, 
Bishop, Forster. Andy Gregory, 
Jackson, RopaU and Kelly, with 
five goals from Bishqp. 

St Helens and Wigan 
comfortably maintained their 
places at die top of die first 
division with wins' at 
Fcafkcntwe and Satfard. 
Wigan fielded several of the 
players who were in the Great 
Britain side at EDand Road on 
Saturday, and recorded a 34-0 
victory. Salford have yet to win 

a much. 

One of the best per for m an ces 
came from the champions, H al t - 
fox, who have been snuggling 
away from home to find the 
form which won them the tide. 
They were 18-6 down at Ugh, 
but recovered with two tries in 
two minutes just before die 
interval. In foe second half 
Halifax consolidated with tries 
from Whitfield and WBson to 
win 28-20. 

Anyone quest i oning the htfer- 

rarrimui Yacht Racing Unio n’* 
decision to open -the sport to 
ftiw w iiBeniiBn had only to be 
among the half mfifion spetatora 
in StMalo yesterday when 3 3 
solo sailors, indodiiig Britain's 
Tony Bulfimore, set off on a. 
700,000 franc (£70,000) chase 
across foe Atlantic m fee third 
Route Du Rfamato Guaddoape 
(Barry PiddhaD writes). 

Rcyate, ddppercd by Lafc 
Catadec, kd foe fleet may, 
closely shadowed by Henry 
MkhoaVIEL Tbey set the pace 
to the taming made off Cap 
Frehd, covering the 18 miles in 
hide less than an bora. 

Banimore readied the head- 
fond 20 minutes taler* dose 
astern of Maritime H. - 

The leaders are expected:** 
complete die dista n c e in, 15 
days. ’ 

Scantling rules 
chaise passed 

A significant move towards 
greater safety standards m foe 
. construction of offshore racing 
yacfcta was made yesterday at 
the annua) c onfere nce of foe 
Offshwe Racing Co uncil (a 

Rmt next Jammy, aB forge 
offlfowe meets bmh will have to 
conform to a new set of scant- 
Hng rotes set oat by the Ameri- 
can Bureau of Stnpgmw. 

The rates will apply to the 
generation of racers due in come 
out " next season fin* the 

Admiral's Cup and smaller 
boats (below 29 Jft rating) must 

boats (below 29.5ft rating) must 
c o m p ly from 1 January 1938. 

Despite some opposition, die 
Council has accepted by 13 
votes to eqtfat f hy* the Royal 
■Ocean Racing Qnb may permit 
indmdtml -yachts to carry 
ndvotimaitre^ited names fit 
next year's Admiral's Cop. . 



RESULTte SaoMtefo Dtemn(BMfl fo 

n Cum (Ena 3 - 7 . 7 -i. m».»s 
R attsONstasSuDGWtdl Om) 7 - 0 . 7 -e. 3 - 7 , 


to ben 





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Edberg gives 
Wilander a hot 
welcome back 


Stpctefodm, (Rentes) — The 
steam tan out of Mats 
Wflanderi* return to foe top 
when he was 
I, 6-1 by his 




Herts through to final 

By Sydney llfcidria shire lost much of their stin 






ToMy 101: 



V. 'I1 ^: TTT1 

rfirw A n 


A hanLearned victory over 
Essex at fosfaop'sStartfozid yes- 
terdai meant that Hrrtfonlfoire 

frrll if ffmt^ « wmJnak - 

of foe county dzasxpianshxp. A 
draw would have been enough 
for Hertfordshire but their wm 
enabled them to finish on top of 

their group. ' 

There was a lot of honest 

endeavour myestotlay's match 
but not a great deal of cohesion, 
aD three goals coming -from 
penalty strokes. Bertfonablrire 
look s 2-0 lead within six 
nrinaes and had to fight off a. 
spirited revival by Essex who 
were mriocfcy aot to have saved 

Essex had seven p fo ye nfi om 
Old Lon^iumians wio have 
been acc u stoflied to pining on 
«jy-rr own artificial surface and 
did not find foe going on grass 
much to thririflong. Hertford- 
Shire grilled ground ttnoqghtite' 
early enthusiasm of Andy Taw. 
Within two' minutes, Hertford- 
shire were awarded tfcrir first i 
penalty strdee after Baxter had 
been, obstructed by the Essex 
goafloreper. Poor mfirates later 
Johnson, m foe Essex defence, 
was jwnfized for. a high stick, 
•save m . front iff goal and Law. 
warn' madeDomutakcfromfoe 

shire lost modi of their sting 
despite having forced four short 
comers and Essex, inspired by 
Gladman, took ini the runninr. 
Seven minutes before the end 
they were awarded a penalty 
stroke for a heavy stick todde by 
Shepherd in front of the 
Hertfordshire goal and 
Cammed co n verted. Attempts 
by .Essex to save the gante were 
faded by the Hertfordshire de- 
fence, in which Nefl Vartan was 
outstanding, and a fa# r 
save by Smon in the Hcrtford- 

. The Kmu ip for the 

East next Sunday at Colchester 
is Norfolk v fssex: Hertfbrd- 
shirev Cambridgeshire. 

i rw tFO n D i i ag. u -mm (ur* 


HhSp Sm^untkm^^C 
g u rc toa a. St Albans), A us 
g r ox bo u re s) , a anh "(BMoffs 
aufom. HThmSw OiMdan P 

ttMod HonUon Onhr j 

«8B6 C 8iwmu (Old LoUSfc 

m .ffwsyqf4.j» 

.Bar yfg ?: 

<j ww . ll Bnca sad p ta w M* - 

OEsatam CbuSiH}. 

# Surrey, who won the county 

la-fofr.sedond half H c nfo td- 

1-0 nanover Devon in the final, 
snrreDtiered their title yesterday. 
They were beaten 2-1 bf Kent 
and tailed to qualify for foe 
Soufoaemi-fir^ - 

le % k 

j Ng 

!i e .ChS 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


• ' , t} J s 

• - 

The new face in the nursing mirror 


. ^ 


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• For reasons that have less to do 
with their Aar status than with the 
awe-inspiring decisions they have 
to make about the preservation of 
■ life, doctors and surgeons have 
tended to take up centre-stage 
positions ip TV documentaries 

about hospital fife. Nursing staff 
.-were among the supporting r^t 
bnsiiy ai work in the background, . 
-taking temperatures, easing heads 
on pillows, dishing out pflfc and a 
comforting word. The six-part 
series Nones (BBC2, ia05pm) is 
- the first serious attempt to restore, 
'the balance in defining hospital 
ward responsibility. Not only that 
'If tonight's opening film is any 
juide, we are to be admitted for 
. the first time into an area of the 
.nurse's fife that has so fer been 
.kept shut — the emotional battle- 
-field. I have’ never before seen 
nurses, in the privacy of their Knen 
..cupboard (or anywhere else for 
that matter), weeping over the ' 

6.00 Ceefax All. News headflne s . 
weather, travel and sports 

630 The FBntstones. Cartoon 
series 655 Weather. 

730 Breakfast Time with Frank 

Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 730, 

7 JO, 830, 830 and 930; 
regional news at 7.15^ 7 A5, 


death of a patient who has become 
dear to them. Nor have 1 ever seen 
a mime, without restriction, 
deploring certain medical prac- 
tices— specifically the humiliation 
caused to a 90-year-old cancer 
patient by the administration of 
cbemolh«py. By the time this first 
episode of Nurses ends tonight, 
you will be in no doubt a$ to what 
these nurses mean when they say 
that when you go on duty in a 
hospital ward, you grow op very 

• I must be brutally fcanir about 
VMtefe Wood - As Seen on TV 
(BBC2, 935pm) and ten you *fe»* 
ter appearance on the front cover 
of tins week’s Radio Times prff 
be an acknowledgement of her 
past service in' the came, of 

33 0 P*olntheSky435Wizijtt4.15 
Tlw Mysterious CUM of GakL 

Anim ated adventur e series 

one trfTnewswSs^SS^ 
young boy who fives with his ■ 
parents kittie north of 

comedy. The honour is certainly 
not a barometer of her success 
tonight in the first programme of 
her sew series which leans too 
heavily- usd, in die case of the 
dosing ditty, too desperately- on 
the sex-orientated joke and song. 
Miss Wood is, in any case, so 
populously surrounded by tal- 
ented fefiow-eotertamers (mchid- 
ing the indispensable Julie 
Walters) dial 1 occasionally found 
myself forgetting that she was 
supposed to he the main 

• The Mower Taagne - (BBC2, 
8.05pm), this week’s film in The 
Story of English series, is un- 
characteristically light-hearted, 
and none the worse for that I 
found it most instructive to be 
reminded of the process by which 
the' cockney slang that went u> the 
Antipodes with the convicts has 
been transmuted into the egalitar- 

930 Ceefax. 

938 Daytime on Tkne a sfrcom 

tan toughness of Austr alian 

• Best on ratio: the renowned 
Soviet pianist Tatiana Nikolaeva 
gives the first of her Radio 3 
recitals (1-05), playing Bach’s 
Goldberg Variations. Don't de- 
spair if you can’t bear it today. The 
■whole recital wifi be ^broadcast 
npTt Sunday. And there wifi be 
broadcasts of further concerts 
featu ring this eminent viator on 
Radio 3 on Wednesday and 
Thursday this week— Radio 3*s 
current Russian season also in- 
cludes the 1965 production of 
Chekhov’s Swan Song (935pm) 
starring Wilfrid Lawson whose 
own swan song it almost was 
because this fine actor, possessor 
of the most distinctive voice on 
radio, died fixe year after the {day 
was recorded. 

Peter Davalle 


: *$*v ‘te ' ”'*r 5s 

The cap that cheers: Ward sister Vivien Hancock in Nurses (BBC2, 10.05pm) 



ii- ' 

'• — 

... — 

r jy z* ,V;CN 

ns put stybi 

'8.15 and BAS: and weather at 
735, 73S/8J25 and 835. 

935 Neighbours. A repeat of last 
: Friday's episode. 

9l 25 Ca Conference. The opening 
address by the president, 

David Nickson. 

1030 Play School, wahGhloe 

-Aaneroft and Robin lOngslandL 
(ri 1030 Henry's CaL(r)1CL55 
Five to Eleven. Alan Bennett 
with a thought for the day. 

1130 CSl Conference from 

-Bournemouth. Jacques Defers, 
president of the Commission 
of the European Communities; 
and Aldo Morta, chaimian of 
Sony, answer questions put by 
the delegates. 

1230 Bmhradc live from the 

WBdfowi Trust. S ftnb ndg e . As 
tha bpwick swans fly in from 
the north, Sr Peter Scott and 
Sir David Attenborough reflect 
on the achievements of toe 40- 
. . year-okl refuge 1155 Regional 

news and weather. 

130 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 135 NeWibqurs. 
Weekday soap set in a 
Melbourne suourti 130 Hrio-a- 

230 TheC^othesStaow.Sa&ia 
Scott has her face made-up by 
Stephen Gtaaa;Jnff Banks 
. dresses the Roly Polys; Jane 
Lomas examines skfei care for 
men; and Patricia Hodge 
' displays her wardrobe. 230 
The OnedtoLine. In this 
week’s episode James Onedn 
experiences a cashflow 
proWern. (r) 320 Valerie. 
Domestic comedy series from 
- the United States starring • 
Valerie Harper. 

, S; ' 

530 John Craven’s Nawaratnd 
535 Hue Peter includes 
details of the 1986 Appeal 

535 if tort— .Knock-out qidz 
game for teams, presented by 

630 Nmnw^mSueLawley and 
Nicholas WitcheS. Weather. 

635 London Plus presented by 
John Stapleton, Unda kStehefl, 
and Caroline Righton. 

730 WogariTonighes guests 
Include Diana «gg, Jonathan 
King, and Janette Cooks, tha 
firet firabless ttitfdorrflde victim 

■ to give birth. Plus music from 

735 UfeonEarOLPvtoneaf 
David AttenboroujtfVs 13- 
programme natural history 

. senes, (r) (Ceefax) 

630 Brush Strokes. Comedy series 
about ai amorous painter and 
decorator, tonight mvotved 

- with an tor stewardess. 

■ (Ceefax) 

930 Newsvnth John Humphrys and 

Andrew Harvey. Regional 

- news and weather. 

930 Panorama: Whafs Your House 

Worth? JohnPenycata talks to 
people mvohred at every stage 

■ of buying and seting homes - 

IOlIO RBcBrakwarasf1S82) 

starring Tony Curtis as a 
neuroscientist who treats a 
woman in a coma by a 
revolutionary process. Deeded 
UC LommeL . 

1135 Showed 86. Parttwo of the 
series featoring Sms and 

- videos made for the Rscfio 
Times fflmaid Videb Awards. 

. forunder-25s. . 

1205 Weettar. 

reakse the part authority pteys 
In their fives HUM For four- 
and five-year olds 10.15 Music 
keeping time togtohsr 1038 • 
ScotiandTs River Flndhom from 
soiace to mouth 1130 Howtha 
film of Mordtcus the buzzard 
was- made. . 

1132 Do gals have the same 

curriculum choice as boys? 

11 AS ReSgtous studies 1238 

The second of five films on 

women in society 12A0 
Bfetocfinotogy 135 Micro Uve 
138 Working as a technical 
photog rapher 230 Words and 
ptoures 215 Living and 
. working on moorland 
235 See Heart A repeat of 

programme for the tearing 

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330 dMOo nte enceh Further 
coverage from Bownemouth 
335 Regional news and 

430 Pamela Armtorong. The first of 
a new weekday series. Babies 
for sate is today s sut^ect and 

. bT?r&Hal3me British 
Asso^ion for Adoption and 
• Fostering, taistefe provided by 
Bkto Brooks. 

430 BW— tot Tony Soper and 
Nick Davies report Rve from 
the WWfovrl Trust Sfimbridge. 

5.15 Did You Seeu-? An edited 
version of yesterday's . 

630 FfecChaifleChaninRaiio* 

(1939) starring Sidney Toler. 
The Oriental Smith 

. investigates murder among the 

divorcees of Nevada's 
notorious cfly. Directed by 

’ Norman Foster. 

7.10 Cartoon Twa How Death 
Came to Earth. 

735 Food and Drink SpedaL John 
W8cock,a Sheffield Councfl 
. tkwer, becomes a sous ctef 
for a day under Anton 

- -Mosftnann «Tte Dorchester 
in London, (r) 

836 'The Story 0 # Engfek. th this 
programme Rteert MacNel 
. explores the spread of EngBsh 
throughout the Empire during 
the 1»h century. (Ceefax) 

930 Fawtty Tower*. An American 
••• tourist and Ns wife arrive late 
at the hotel and demand an 
evening meaL With the chef 
already gone. Basfl reluctantly 
steps toto Ns shoes. ( 1 ) 

935 Victoria Wood -As Soon on 
TV. The first of a new six-part 
series featuring the talented ■ 
comedtome. wth Juto iWaitore 
and Susfe Blake, (see Choice) 

1035 Nones. A new series of six 
documentaries begtos with the 

935 Thmeenews heatSnes. 

930 SchootR exempts from the 
flkn. It Shouldn't Happen to a 
Vet 9A7 Behind the scenes at 
a supermarket 9A The 
Wizard of Everything, a story 
by Htawyn Oram 10.11 How 
houses or bodes are kept 
warm or oool 1038 Using 
microprocessors 10.45 
Employers' expectations of 
their young workers 1137 
Maths - the number toght 11.19 
Science -Baiter than air 11 AI 
Science -noise. 

1230 Atarah** Music. The electric 
guttarirt 12.10 Leifs Pretend. 
The tale of The Huffing Puffing 

1230 TteMerfidoeRflen.Tte 

practitioners of the ancient 

Cftteese art of acupuncture. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames n e w s. 

130 Ffim: Last Moments (19M) 
starring James WNtmore and 
Renato Cestta. Sentimental 
drama about a young man who 
deprives himself when caring 
.tor Ns father after Ns mother 
dies. Directed by Mario 
Gariazza 335 Thames news 
headBnes 330 The Young 


430 Tickle on the Turn. VSage 
tales for theyoung 4.lOThe 
Tetebugs. The finst of a new 
cartoon series 420 He If 
and Masters of the UNrarse 
4.45 From the Top. A new 
. series of the comedy starring 
BN Oddte as a stage-struck ex- 
bank manager. 

5.15 Btoc kb ust n ra. 

5A5 News 630 Thames news. 

635 HsUViv Taylor Gee with news 
crime National Instituteof 

ooncer^g^w running 

of residential homes for the 

635 Cm se ra a d a . The maeing ring 
turns up. but Barmy says nowt 

7.00 Krypton Factor: (Oracle) 

730 Coronation Street Bet is 
berated by the brewery. 

830 Executive Stress. Comedy 
series starring Penelope Keith 
and Geoffrey Pakner. 

830 Worlds) Action: Dead End. An 
investigation into the pfight of 
Iranian refugees in Britain who 

are being deported by the 
Home Office back to their 
homeland and. for some, 
certain death. Home Office 
minister, David Waddkigton, 

puts the Government’s case. 

930 Paradtee Postponed. 

Simeon’s widow is happy to 
talk about ter late husband, 
but not prepared to explain 
why he left a* Ns money to 
Leslie Titmuss. (Oracle) 

1030 News at Ten. 

1030 Cockney Darts Classic. The 
finals of the men’s and 
women’s competitions. 

11.15 Airport. Chris KeBy with a 

behind-the-scenes look at the 
running of Gatwick Airport. 

1135 Tucker's WHch. The Tuckers 
are on the tra9 of an 
i nter na tional assassin. 

1230 ragttThougtts. 


6.15 Good Homing Britten 

presented by Anne Diamond 

and Geoff Meade. News with 
Gordon Honeycombe at 630, 
730, 730, 600, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635; sport at 
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pop music at 735; and Jimmy 
Greaves’s television highlights 
at 835. The After Nine guests 
indude actor NeH Dickson, and 
ctddcare expert Penelope 

• • ... - — \- - -• t''S 

nit- ‘sAif.j V:..' 

230 The Lata Late Show. RTFs 
long-running music and chat 
show hosted by Gay Byrne. 

330 Irish Angle. An investigation 
info the vexed question of food 
additives; and Gordon Burns 
taBcs to Ed Moloney, co-author 
of a new biography of ian 

430 Mavis on 4. Mavis Nicholson 
interviews cartoonist, Gerald 

430 Countdown. Friday's winner of 
the anagrams ana mental 
arithmetic competition is 
challenged by Martin Reed 
from Hounslow. Richard 
Whitetey is the 

530 Gtenytan Sh e e pdog Trials. 
The novice section of file 
Grampian Tokwisto n Trophy 

trials, for colSes under two 


530 Print ttYoursatf. The third 
programme of the four-part 
series exploring technical 
processes invoked In printing 

00 ni WALES SJSpmS M Wales To- 
ppt *-i rt^uavL. 7 1 V 1 Hum 12.05m- 


Toda/s Sport In- 

s5eUtaBrSJJ5-7.6o Mastsrtaam. 11 J5- 
ShOMBBl 8S 12JK-12.10 NBW 
mu weather. ENGLAM> S35pra-7iW Regional 
news magianes- 

Befc Sian {1980)8.15-130 Cartoon Time 
5.15-5-45 Emmerdate Farm 680 About Angfia 
&X-7JX Who'S The Boss? 1030 Anglia 
Reports 1L00 The Sweeney 121 
Concert 12L30pjn Personal view, 


Jobfmder IJOpm Cmtral News 1JO-1S 
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Central Naas O4S-7X0 Central Post 10^ 
England Than England 11 JS The Protectors 

ItSsContaei iZOSem Central Jobfindar 

GRAMPIAN yjgsggffwrare 

Fan: Mysterious Island {1966) S40-7.00 
NcxthTontaht 10 J 0 Finn: Charley vantcK (Wal- 
ler Matthau) ttJOom News headtees 

GRANADA gjSft ffiSia, 

! %MM 

and books. With subtitles, (r) 

630 Wrfte On. Part five of Ruth 
Pitt’s series designed to 
stimulate interest hi the lost art 
of letter writing. 

630 Conferen c e Report Susannah 
Simons presents highlights 
from the day's procaedngs at 
the C81 Conference in 

730 Channel 4 News with PWer 
Sissons and Nicholas Owen. 

730 Comment With her views on a 
topical matter is ArebeBa 
MaMb, a health writer. 

830 Breoktode. Pet and Terry fly 
out to Barbados with Mra 
McArdle who manages to give 
them the sSp as soon as they 
arrive. Bat* home. Tommy 
McAnfle is introduced to 6B1; 
and Vicki gives Terry a hard 

830 Chance in eMBBon. Comedy 
series starring5imon CaUow 
as Tom Chance, a mm dogged 
by crueMate. and Brenda 
Bethyn as Alison, Ns tong- 
suffertag fiancee. ToNgrit, wife 
Tom on a cricketing tour of 
Norway. Afison’s parents try to 

lUSanraMi ol a Legend (Tony Orlando) 
64TV WPCT As London Bxcsot 

UL 3 LSSES 1 120 HTV News 1 JMJ 0 

F*iu Another Time, Another Ptaoa* (19S8) 
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big Forward LOOpm-7^0 Wales el Six 
1030-11.15 Wale& Means Business 11.15- 
I2asn Short Walk u Oeytt^n 
Qf*YfTI<5H As London except 1 JO 

One-Thirty 2tiO-4JX) Fira; The Pleasure 0< 

Ms Camoanv IFred Astaire) 5.15-545 


Flhm canwbel's Knowledge (Dbk 
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by Sons ahd Daughters 6JJ0-7-0G Coast to 
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Questions from Brighton 11 JO Airport 

r H.UHW ■■ ww, — - — ■ — -jl ■ 

Aeon AiitigBes; Victoria Wood- As Sees as 

a ea TV 


: 2935 ps) 

. ward at Wh^ps Cross Hospital 
in Walthamstow. (Ceefax) (see 

1030 Ne ww fo ht 1135 leather. 
1130 TtoejoumaL The news as seen 
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• French stetion Anteme Deux. 
Bids at 12.10. 

Tesry (Brian ReganX left, and Pat (David East^r^hL &d^m 
Bartedos man attractive than in BTOokside: Oiannel 4 830pm 

930 SaSwrtiere. Dr Erflch tries to 
entertain a party of Chinese 
doctors; and Dr Craig receives 
a roastng from Ns newly- 
domesticated son. 

935 4 Knutas: Skyscraper, by 
Christophs Jacrot An office 
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1030 A People’s War. The first ol a 
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tha impact of the Second 
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11.00 The Seventh How Northern 
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examining Scotland’s crucial 
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M=sl=S LuncMnw iaftre The Von- 

ShowExprass 1225am News 


Help YouraUfl JO Film: Anastanaflrwid 
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73S Morrtng Concert Mahler 
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835 Concert (continued) 

Rossini (WfiBam Tea 

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From my Life: LSO). 930 


835 TWs Week’s Composer: 
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Faurt (Berceuse: Livia 
Rev, ptano), Franck 
orrtfeim.- with singers David 
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Ensemble). Atom de 
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to D major. Op 12: Ciccofini 
with Monte Carlo PQ). 

435 News 

530 Mainly tor Pleasure: 
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630 Organ music Margaret 
Pti ffip3 plays Dupre's 
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Hail, Bolton 

735 Britten performs Mozart 
1969 Akteburgh Festival 

Fanning. 635 Prayer (s) 
630 Today fitd 630. 730, 

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636 Tha week on 4. Prog- 
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843 More wresting titan 
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The airtiw5337 Weather; 
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935 Start the Week with 

Autumn. Op 6: LSO; and 

- Sonata NofcTedd 
Jo setera n. piano 
1030 Vaughan WilamsTbe 
lark ascending (with Iona. 
Brown, Viofin), Flos campi 

jubilate, K 165, and 
Symphony No 25. ytfith 
Amaling, soprano, and 
English Chamber Orchestra) 
745 Nash Ensemble: with 

Snforuetia. with Frederick 
Rkkfie. viola) 

R KiKUKUM.'.,*.' ■ 

S'**.-*/" • 

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l. ! <AT*vL - . ■' 


SMtas AM New 439 ^wmawAlS 

SuOTta Stay OO 

sS^otitaigM Nb« 

tt15&xc8S8 Sen 1130 RMtinck 1 

me HoUjMQd MtocN 139 MM 
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Success Story 2M News 2M. Review ol ! 
Brittsh Press 2-15 Neteork UK 230 


M «»■— W QifT. 

1135 London Festival 

Orchestra (under Roes 
Poole, cefio). With Fefccfty 
Palmer (mezzo). 

Pachafcei (Canon and Ggue 
in D), Boccherini (Ceflo 
Concerto in A mtoor.G 

475 )Jfeiidal(Artttiou_ 
troUried. efei Gluck (Che 
fere), Mozart (tha aria fl 
capra d la caqpretta, etc), and 
Mozart's Symphohy NO 
41. LX News 

135 BBC Lunchtime Concert 

330' Mutic Weekly: wflh 
Michael Ofivar. tnctodes 
kfahart Kennedy on 
• Be njamin Britten as 

int er prete r , and Brian Rees’s 
reassessment of Edward 
German (r) 

3J5 New Records: SaW- 
Saens (Prelude, Lfi 

Clark (soprano), Ptafcpa 
Davies (fferisLf%t one. 
Stravinsky (Three pieces to 

string guatto.1 81^ 
Proiomev Sonata for flute 
^ p^^F iraova 

Roses: Ronald Pickup 
reacte the story by Igor 
Pomeramsev . 

830 Nash Enswrtole: part 
twa Scfmttfte Qhree 
Medrigtis, IBaQand 
Tchaikovsky (Souvenirs 
de Florence) 

935 Swan Song; Witfrid 
Lawson and John 

1030 News; Money Box. 
Presen ted by Louise 

1030 ^^^^tayrOnthe 
Pier, by LAG Strong- 
Read by Margot Boyd 
1046 Daly Service. (New 

Every Morning, page 1) (s) 
1130 News Travel; Down - 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Musselburgh 
in Lothian (r) 

1148 Poetry Pteasel Listeners 
requests. Presented by 
Kevin Cro3siey*Honand 
1230 News; You and Yours. 

Consuner affairs. 

1237 Top of the Form. 

Stonelaw High School, 
Gtasgow versus Rtoon 
Grammar School 1235 

130 The World at One: News 
140 The Archers. 135 

Chekhov, translated by 
Nicholas Bethel. Recorded 
in 1955 

1030 Jazz Today: Ghana# Fox 
□resents tha Ju&an 
Argutite^knon PtHcel 

1130 SBarRatftoSO^^fer 

Beethoven (Coriotan 
overture), end 
Concerto No 1) 

1140 Bach and Segovia: the 

guitarist Goran soischer 

a^S^^efrom Ceto^** 
State No 2 to D minor. BWV 

1137 News. 1230 Closedown. 

230 News; woman’s Hour. 

Jenny Cuffe reports on 
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into anorexia nervosa, 
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Goosans reads episode 
one cfThe Soto of Kmttoess, 
try EBzabem Taylor 
330 ffews: The Afternoon 
Play, ka, by Janes 
FpuetLWBh Carol 
OrMcwatarand Anthony 
Hyde. Drama about a threat 
to New YorMsXO 
430 Kaleifesotxje. Last 
Friday’s edition which 
Included comment on the 
Ratio 4 serialization of 
Pendennis, the David Smith 
exhibition at the 
WMtechroel GaHery, «d 
Truman Capote's 
Answered Prayers 
- 530 PM. News Magazine. 

.. 530 Shaping 535 


630 News: Financial Raxxt 
830 Radio Active Goes 
to the Movies, from the Isle 
of Dogs (sXri 

730 News 

735 The Archers 

7JO On Your Farm 

7.45 Science Now. 

Discoveries and 
developments in the world's 

laboratories -Georgina Feny 
reports on the wiring up 
of the nervous system in 

8.15 The Monday Ptay. Men's 
Group, by Peter TegaJ. 

With WiKtam Nighy, Maggie 
McCarthy and Spencer 
Banks B7 the cast Previously 
broadcast on Radio 3 

9.15 The Lord Mayor's 
Banquet Peter Jones 
describes the scene In the 
Guildhall, London. Mrs 
Thatcher repfies to the toast 

to Her Majesty's 
ministers, proposed by the 
new Lord Mayor of 
London. Mr David Roweriam. 

1030 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on E O Parrot's 
book Imitations of 
Immortality, and 
Elizabeth, Almost by Chance 
a Woman, at the Halt 
Moon Theatre 

10.15 A Book at bedtime: A Bit 
Of a Do. byDavid Nobbs 
(Part 1 1). The reader is John 
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1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial world 

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First pnWJsbed in 1785 

Worcestershire lead the 
chase to sign Botham 

By Ivo Tennant 

Ian Botham said yesterday 
that entreaties from Peter 
Roebuck, Somerset's captain, 
would not change bis mind 
about leaving the county 
following the confirmation 
that Vivian Richards and Joel 
Garner will not play for the 
club again. Botham, who now 
seems likely to join Worcester- 
shire or Warwickshire, said 
the news from the meeting of 
county members at Shepton 
Mallet on Saturday was prob- 
ably the saddest of his life. 

Botham had been told of the 
news in an emotional tele- 
phone call from his parents 
and wife. “I wish Somerset all 
the best in their .future years I 
am upset I cannot be part of 
it," he said. “Bui Mood is 
thicker than water with Viv 
and Joel and there is ab- 
solutely no way I would leave 
them. 1 am afraid that without 
them Somerset would not be 
in the position they are now. 
The obvious and best thing for 
me to do would be to leave." 

Botham said he hoped to 
join another county but that 
owing to being under contract 
he could not speak to any 
county at present. “1 know 
who I would like to join," he 
added. He would not say 
which county this was, hut the 
likelihood is it will be either 
Warwickshire or 


“I have heard that Peter 
Roebuck will be coming to 
Australia and wanting to have 
a man-to-man talk with me ,** 
he said. “I suggest he stays in 
London. He would be safer. I 
have no axe to grind with their 
replacement, Martin Crowe — 

1 like him and think he is a 
fine character. But when he 
has got 50 first-class centuries 
for Somerset, like Viv. and 
taken hundreds of wickets, 
like Joel, then compare him 
with them." Botham said that 
the news would not affect his 
form for England. “This is my 
last tour and I am going out on 
a high note,” be said. “1 hope 
the Australians know what is 

Duncan Fearnley, 
Worcstershine's chairman, 
said be was prepared to lead 
the chase for Botham but only 
with the full backing of his 
committee and not before 

Botham speaking in Perth 

Somerset cleared the way. He 
He recently signed Botham on 
a four yearconteact to endorse 
his firm's cricket equipment 
“If I could go ahead 1 would 
be on the next plane to 
Australia. As a cricket fanatic 
and one with Worcestershire's 
best interests at heart it would 
be a case of going there and 
hammering the guy until he 
signed. However, we sail a 
democratic ship at Worcester 
and there are several opinions 
to be taken into account not 
least those of Mike Jones, 
chairman of the cricket 
committee, the rest of the 
committee, the members and 
the players. 

“The last thing l want to do Roebuck s 

is to say anything out of place, had beard ! 
Ian cannot be approached reaction but 
until after January 1," he said, would stay w 
“If Somerset were to say they “on our term 
would release him immedi- to play in sc 
ately, we would call as emer- have to let 
gency meeting to discuss the present” 
matter. In my opinion, no Colin AtkL 
professional! y-rua dub could president sai 
ignore a player of Ian’s 2,600 votes 1 
calibre." David Heath, the meeting.] 
Warwickshire's new secretary, he had made 
said that the prospect of Richardsand 
Botham joining his county nition of then 
had yet to be discussed in the club mu 
committee. David Brown, best to honor 
Warwickshire's m anager, said naming Stan 
he hoped Botham could be after them 
attracted to Edgbaston. plaques or 

Vivian Richards, speaking County groa 
in Lahore, said: “It has been bad a bronze 
hard for us to be away while aO in his hall at i 
this has been going on. I shall Brian Lani 
pray for the people who have of Somerset's 
insulted Joel's and my inteUi- tee, (wbo^nc 
gence. I will pray that God will not disclose 
help them.” Richards said it voted) said a 
would not be before the New that he was n 

Year that he sorted out his *" 

fu tu re in En glish cricket. “I David Miner 
have nothing in mind. A lot of Other cricket 
people have been saying that ' . ~ - 

this decision might make me Botham. We 
lose heart. Well, Viv Richards a committee 
is alive and welL Considering dis c uss wheth 
our records over the years it new contract 
has been very sad that the cause of his 
committee has treated us in captain.” 
this way but it was nice to Langford, ' 
have bam able to count on stand down < 
some support” taken up a net 

Garner, who left the meet- said he hop© 
ing in tears, flew home to one of three 
Barbados yesterday morning. Somerset are 
He will return in three weeks completed si 
to complete his coaching negotiations 
course and sell his bouse on a wicket 
the outskirts ofTannton, three ~ ' thought to 1 
doors away from Roebuck. He or Garnham 
is expected to olav Leicestershire 

afekrtnert suZJerrth* Roebuck* 
than join another county. ative that Soi 

Roebuck said yesterday he 
had beard Botham’s initial 
reaction but still hoped be 
would stay with the county — 
“on our terms. He has a Test 
to play in soon and we will 
have to let this lie for the 

Colin Atkinson, Somerset’s 
president, said yesterday that 
2,600 votes had bees cast at 
the meeting. He disclosed that 
he had made personal gifts to 
Richards and Gamer in recog- 
nition of their service and that 
the club must consider how 
best to honour them, be it by 
naming stands or benches 
after them or putting up 
plaques or pictures at toe 
County ground. He said be 
had a bronze statue of Gamer 
in his hall at home. 

Brian Langford, chairman 
of Somerset's cricket commit- 
tee, (w hOyindden tally , would 
not disclose which way he 
voted) said after the meeting 
that he was resigned to losing 

page 34 
page 31 

Crowe is ‘delighted’ 

Martin Crowe, the 24-year- 
old New Zealand batsman 
signed by Somerset to replace 
Richards and Gamer, gave his 
reaction yesterday to the out- 
come of the county's special 
general meeting. 

Crowe said from Napier, 
shortly after scoring 174 for 
Hawkes Bay against Welling- 
ton, that he was pleased the 
controversy had been re- 
solved, and relieved that the 

way was now dear for him to 
take up his three-year contract 

Botham. “We will want to call 
a committee meeting soon to 
discuss whether our offer of a 
new contract still stands, be- 
cause of his criticism of the 

Langford, who is likely to 
stand down owing to having 
taken up a new job in London, 
said he hoped the signing of 
one of three players whom 
Somerset are after would be 
completed shortly. He said 
negotiations were underway 
with a wicket-keeper batsman 
— thought to be Bums of Essex 
or Garnham , formerly of 

Roebuck said it was imper- 
ative that Somerset strength- 
ened their staff. Rose, the 
county's former captain, who 
has been o ffer ed A two-year 
contract, would also be assist- 
ing as a coach. 

Atkinson said yesterday 

with Somerset. “It’s good for that with hindsight, 
me and I'm delighted for the Somerset's committee should 
committee,” he said. “They have anticipated the diffi- 

bave had a lot of competition 
from the rebels.” 

cutties in trying to satisfy 
Richards, Gamer and Crowe. 

Crowe added that he would He said he wished to remain 
respect Botham’s decision to impartial, not just so that he 
leave Somerset “1 would could chair the meeting in- 
imagine Botham would be dependently but because any 

loyal to bis mates and I admire 

more comments would fur- 
ther inflame the issue. 


Yugoslavia’s star is Wembley doubt 

By Stuart Jones, available for Marseilles at the 

Football Correspondent weekend. 

Even if Shskonc does re- 

JSSSttBSS s sssasssasa 

weeks. Yugoslavia are already 

tS wftbo,rt Mikhafloric, one of 
championship qnaln ymg tie their ^ forwards against the 
were tempered jestaitay by 

news from Yugoslavia. a member of the 

ESSfiS MSM-vrt: 


He is doubtful after suffer- against a local third division 
ing a reoccurence of the leg side on Saturday. The national 

injury that kept him oat of the 
4-0 victory over Turkey a 
fortnight ago and was not 

representatives won 3-0. 

As Robson prepared to greet 
his own party yesterday, be 


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learn ed that Wilkins, his most 
experienced midfield repre- 
sentative, was spared the ri§- 
onrsofa foil game in Italy. His 
contribution far AC M2an 
against Sampdoria, and in- 
deed the match itself, lasted 
for a mere 37 urinates. 

The problem in Genoa was 
caused not by crowd distur- 
bances but by the referee, 
PSetra d’Elia straining a calf 
musde. Under Italian League 
rules, match officials cannot 
be replaced. The game was 
subsequently abandoned. 

Robson required some 
ynusomfon, S hfltn n badly 
braised a thigh daring 
Southampton’s defeat at Shef- 
field Wednesday on Saturday. 

takes tiie 

Still upset by the departure of 
their manager. Alex Ferguson, 
Aberdeen’s supporters gave Ar- 
chie Knox, the dub's joint 
manager, who will shortly join 

A ceflision with Hart at 
HiUsbonmgh caused the dam- 
age. Shilton, the holder of a 
record 88 caps and regarded as 
the best goalkeeper in the 
world, underwent intensive 
treatment overnight at Us dub 
and a decision win be made 
today. He, h base If. “is 

The most permanent fixture 
in Robson's fine-up over the 
last four years, he has missed 
only two competitive games. 
Woods,who stood in for him 
during the friendly against the 
United States last summer, 
will probably discover today 
whether he is to gain his 
second foil cap. 

Scots lose 
key men 
in midfield 

The withdrawal of the 
young Rangers midfield play- 
ers, Derek Ferguson and Iain 
Durrant, because of injury, 

From Rex BeUamy 
Teasis Correspondent 

John McEnroe took three 
horns aad three-quarters to 
beat MOosIav Mecir by 6-3, 1- 
6, 7-6, 5-7, 6-2 iH the find of 
the European Commvnfty 
Championship here yestefday. 
Both players were weaiy by 
the end of an arduous match 
Oat won McEnroe about 
£148400 and Mecir £99 ft 00. 

A single break of service 
was fMwgk to give McEnroe 
the first set, in which every- 
thing seemed to happen too 
fast for Mecir. McEnroe was 
always rushing. McEnroe's 
forehands, especially down the 
fine, were often wide of the 
mark, but he served we n aad 
hit seam superb top-spun 
backhands cross-court. In the 
second set Medr became more 
positive, hitting harder aad 
thus (fiscoaragmg McEnroe 
from advancing to the 
forecourt. There were faufica- 
tiros, too, that McEnroe's 
forehand was getting worse 
rather than better. On that 
dank, he seemed to be throw- 
ing points away. 

McEnroe became thought- 
ful about that forehand and 
began to take evident pains to 
put slightly more top-spin on it 
to increase the margin of 
safety- That reduced his 
proportion of errors hi the 
third set in which he managed 
to get to tiie net again; often 

shots and lobs. Medr, by way 
of response!, often baffled 
McEnroe with dipping, 
sharply angled passing shots 
aad when they were rallying 
from the back of the coat even 
McEnroe’s powers of anticipa- 
tion were not always adequate 
for Mecir's powers of 

7. KCorron 


Davis meets his match 
on his home table 

• • m • -TVU 'ii i ► i| .i m i I'-WC'.Vii i-i t , I 

Stove Davis, foe world 
No.l, was in fora hammering 
the night he took on joiner, 
John HoIlingsworthJDavis 
hardly got a look in as 
Hollingsworth, aged 42, 
chalked up an astonishing 
score line of 101-0. 

Davis, who was playing on 
| his home table at the 
: Matchroom in Roxford, Es- 
sex, had to admit he was 
beaten by the better man on 
i the night Hollingsworth, a 
! keen amateur player, won the 
' chance to play Davis when be 
fought his way through local 

and regional matches of a 
charity cash-raising 

Back home in. Daffodil 
Road, Wincobank, Sheffield, 
he said: “Every amateur 
player dreams of a match like 
this. To actually beat Steve 
Davis is incredible, I still can’t 
believe the final score.” , 

Hollingsworth, whose winJ 
rung frame included breaks of 
47, 29 and 19, added: “He 
broke off and let me in straight! 
away. I just took my chances. 
Steve was great, he gave me a . 
trophy and a cue.” 


Three world 
titles in a 

Lisbon, Portugal (AP) r-An- 
rora Cunha, of Portugal, woo 
tiie International Amateur 
Athletic Federation world 15- 
kilometre ' road -race for 
women yesterdayjher third 
consecutive victory in the 

Second place went to her 
team colleague, Rosa Mota, 
the European marathon 
champion, while fluid place 
was taken by Carla Beurskens, 
of The Netherlands. 

The winner’s time was 
48min 30.4sec. 


were thought to tie favourites 
but Wallace Mercer, the 
Tynecastle chairman, declared 
that both were on contract until 
May. 1988 and be would not 
consider letting either go. 

Fresh from a superb Euro- 
pean victory over Boa vista. 
Rangers failed to sharpen their 
play against a Motherwell side 
who went to Ibrox with the sole 
intention of scraping a point is 
their attempt to avoid relega- 
tion. A 34,000 crowd saw 
FarmLngham bead the visitors 
to victory with two minutes to 

Another flourish in the dos- 
ing minutes, this tune by the 
deadly attacking partnership of 
Maunce Johnston and Brian 
McClair, enabled Celtic to beat 
Hamtoon Academicals and 
hoist themselves by two points 
dear to the top of the premier 

Critic were not at their best 
bra they showed the character of 
champions when they mounted 
a comeback after Hamilton had 
gone ahead with a goal from 

Just when it looked as though 
Hamilton were going to rake 
their firat premier division vic- 
tory of the season. Johnston was 
pulled down aad McClair 
scored from the penalty. Celtic 
stretched their unbeaten League 
run to 11 games when Johnston 
made the score 2-1 with a 
minute to go. 

Celtic have a game in hand 
over Dredee United, their 
nearest rivals, who we re be aten 
at last by their neighbours, 


Luxembourg reported for 
training yesterday, “but we 
have alternative ideas to tty 
out for an international on 
Wednesday we must Win in 

With Jim Bett also doubtful 
because of an ankle injury, 
Scotland are short of midfield 
players. But the coach will not 
call in any replacements and it 
could be that an all Critic line 
of Roy Aitken, who will again 
captain the side. Paul McStay 
and Murdo MacLeod will be 
fielded against Luxembourg. 

The accent on today's prac- 
tice session against the Scot- 
land youth team, which 
Roxburgh says will be strictly 
private, must be on attack. 

The coach indicated that 
Kenny Dalglish, who did not 
play for Liverpool on Sat- 
urday, will start the match for 
Scotland — his 102nd inter- 
national If Dalglish scores it 
will be a record 31st inter- 
national goal Dalglish is 
bracketed with Denis Law on 
the 30-goai mark at present 

As Scotland have scored 
only two goals in the last seven 
games, a new attack of Mau- 
rice Johnston, paired with 
either his Critic partner, Brian 
McClair, or Rangers rival 
Ally McCoisl inspired by 
Dalglish, may be the answer to 
the Scottish supporters’ most 
fervent prayer. 

Frost is 

Jakarta (AFP) — Morten 
Frost, of Denmark, foiled to 
achieve his ambition of beat- 
ing the defending champion. 
Icuk Sugiarto, on the 
Indonesians home ground 
when be lost 15-5, 6-15. 1 1-15 
in a gruriCng final in the 
$118,800 (about £82,000) 
World Cup badminton tour- 
nament here yesterday. 

Li Ungwei, of China, won 
her third consecutive 
women's singles title, comfort- 
ably beating her compatriot, 
Han Aiping, the 1986 China 
Open champion, 1 1-8, 1 1-3. 

Jockey ‘poorly’ 

The condition of the jockey, 
Jayne Thompson, seriously 
injared in a foil at Cattfiridt on 
Saturday, was described as 
“poorly* by a spokesman at. 
MiddJesborougb General 
Hospital last night. Mis 
Thompson, aged 21. is die 
daughter of the Doncaster 
trainer, Ron Thompson. 

She sustained serious head 
injuries when her mount, the 
six-year-old. Hot Betty, feu in 
the Skellfield Selling Hurdle, . 

.. i>. 

Bale: off form 

Matz wins 

New York. (Reuter) — Mi- 
chael Mate, of the United 
Slates, rode Alwin Ace to 
victory in the international 
jumping “Gambler’s Choice” 
competition at the 103rd na- 
tional horse show on Sat- 
urday. The US team dosed the 

the strength of Mate's win. 

With two days of jumping to 
go Britain has 5532 points to 
55 for the Americans. Katie 
Monahan of the UnitedSiates. 
leads in individual, riding 
points with 21 Nick Skelton, 
of Britain, unplaced last night 
aboard Le Mexico, is second 
with 1933. 

. .t it . 

Bale foils 

Stuart Bale, the - national 
tennis champion, foiled to 
find his best ions and missed 
the chance to become Britain's 
only representative In the 
£200,000 Benson and Hedges 
championship, which starts at 
Wembley tomorrow. For the 
first time in 11 years, no 
British player will be in the 
main singles draw. Bale lost 
his third and final qualifying 
match 6-4, 6-3 to the Ameri- 
can, Mike DePatmer. 

Lloyd injured 

Worcester, Massachusetts 
(Reuter) - Chris Lloyd said ; 
she would not play in the 
championships at Madison 
Square Garden in New York 
later this month because of a 
persistant knee injury. “I'm 
very disappointed that I can't 
play because I think the 
championships is a first-dass 
event and one of the most 
important on my schedule,” 
the world’s. No. 2 woman 
player said. 

Clough interest 

Brian Gough, the Notting- 
ham Forest manager,^* 
considering' signing the 
Norwegian international, 
Kgetfl Oswald, tostreogthen 
his dub’s first division 
championship challenge. 

An impor t an t exception oco 
erred when McEnroe was 
serving at 4-aD and 15-30 hi 
the third set Medr ought 
him on the wrung foot bnt 
McEnroe, having looked in 
alarm at a shat going behind 
him, smnehow managed a 
pirouette and a return Oat 
kept him ra a rally which he 
eveataafty won. That remark- 
able example of McEnroe’s 
resilience took Mm to 30*aD 
iustrad of 15-49 down: which 
wonld have given Medr two 
c han ce s of breaking service 
and then serving for the set 

Instead, they went tea tie- 
teeak in which McEnroe just 
managed to achieve a derisive 
breakthrough. The twelfth aad 
final point of that tie-break 
illustrated McEnroe’s 
penetrating variety of services. 
Gfis first service was a foattbat 
his second smog into the body 
and forced Medr to play a 
cramped retai n from which 
McEnroe volleyed a winner to 
take die set 

In the fourth set McEnroe 
was soon 1-3 down bat in the 
next game be broke back on 
his fifth break-point when 
Medr nris-fcit an easy fore- 
hand valley. Bat Medr re- 
mained the froat-numer to 
that set and took it with a 
further break at 6-5 with a 
forehand cross-court passing 
shot. McEnroe had missed a 
chance to finish the mgft * a 
tittle earlier. At 4-aO he hod a 
break paint that would have 
left him serviag for the match* 
tori pto a forehand service 
retom to the net. 

A fifth set was, at first, just 
as ftectnattog as the earlier 
part of the match. McEoroe 
had three break points in the 
first game bat Medr broke 
through for 24, only to lose 
Ids service to the next game, 
when McEnroe made a far- 
ther tank to 3-2, playing a 
particularly good game. It was 
evident mat Mecir — an an* 
gter— was bfaadf. on tife 
tonic. The mimes remained 
dose hot McEnroe w» six of 
them in a row for the match, 
^fcfeh was obviously a contest 
of modi merit aad drama lot 
never quite matofotoed toe 
quality we had expected from 
two players who are masters of 
tire onft of antidpatton aad 
taking the ball early. 

«*W» nnwtw fW'i.~ J McBwdb 
WSHMT Muster Munrfal. 6-4, 6-1; M 

fcSftnw bt «■ 



7"> ' : 

.. ^ 


K- v- 

. »■ 




Campaign of 
fear by 
solicitor in 
police hunt 

By M ichae l McCarthy and Howard Foster 

Mr Jonathan Denby, the 
London solic itor and former 
private secretary to Mr F-nncfa 
Powell, who disappeared in 
June after an alleged gun 
incident, had been waging a 
three-month rampfl jg n iq 
frighten a former friend and 
business w hile des- 

perate for money. 

Mr Denby, the nephew of 
Sir Richard Denby, a former 
(Resident of The Law Society, 
vanished after a late-night 
incident in Mayfair in which 
two policemen were allegedly 
held at gunpoint. He was 
described by Scotland Yard as 
armed and dangerous and 
there were fears that be had 
become involved in political 

An enquiry by The Times 
has established that Mr Denby 
spent considerable time in the 
months before his disappear- 
ance tailing Mr David 
Whitworth, a former client 
with whom he had negotiated 
a cement deal worth t en s of 
millions of dollars. 

On the night of the alleged 
incident, Mr Denby had fol- 
lowed Mr Whitworth to May- 
fair and was parted two cars 
behind his car in Down Street 
Mr Whitworth was in a base- 
ment chib in Piccadilly SO 
yards away. 

Mr Denby was in desperate 
need of money. The former 
partners in ins legal firm, 
Lloyd Denby Neal, had dis- 
solved the partnership after 
discovering that he had talcwi 
a huge bribe in a legal action 
and had sued him for the 
costs, which amounted to 
£250,000. Mr Denby had 
given Ms former partners 
charges for the sum over Ms 
assets, including his Georgian 
town house . in Canonbury 
Square, Islington, north 

Mr Denby, a dose friend of 
Mr Harvey Proctor, Conser- 
vative MP for Bflkricay, 1 
not been seen since the in- 
cident and is still warned by 
Scotland Yard. 

His relationship with Mr 
Whitworth h*rfr to the 
mid-seventies and the two 
men had been involved in a 
number of profitable deals, 
indnding one for the Russians 
to sell cement to Saudi Arabia. 

In 1983, Mr Denby helped 
Mr Whitworth negotiate an- 
other deal, for the East Ger- 
mans to sell 800,000 tons of 
cement a year to Blue Circle 
Industries of Aldenaaston, 
Berkshire. Britain’s largest ce- 
ment manufacturer. 

The contract, which was 
worth $4.8 million a year and 
expires this year, was drawn 
up by Mr Denby. It is under- 
stood that latterly be and Mr 
Whitworth had been in dis- 
pute about the deaL 

Mr Denby is understood to 
have begun to follow Mr 
Whitworth in March, shortly 
after his former partners* 

Haims a gainst him led to the 

charges, over his properties. 

Mr Whitworth, proprietor 
of Bulk Cement Marketing 
(International) Ltd, declined 
to comment when approached 
fay The Times. 

His. lawyer, Mr KB Rich- 
ards, said: “Mr Whitworth 
regards his association with 
Mr Denby as over. He regards 
it as something in the past and 
he doesn't wish it to be 
something in the future. 

Mr Derby’s family say they 
have no knowledge of Ms 
present whereabouts. 

Scotland Yard are still look- 
ing far Mr Denby and mon- 
itoring reports of his 
whereabouts; the last one 
refers to a sighting in Scotland 
in late summer. 

Detectives allege 
block on inquiry 

By Stewart Tendler, Crane Reporter 
Two former senior Scotland hnking Gamer with Det Supt 

Yard detectives yesterday de- 
scribed to a provincial chief 
constable how they believe 
investigations into^ a leading 
London ; criminal were 

Mr Peter Wright, Chief 
Constable of South Yorkshire^ 
yesterday travelled to the 
West Country and Wales to 
see former Det Chief Supt 
Harry Clement and his former 
colleague, ex-Det Supt Gerald 
Wiltshire. The chief constable 
is in charge of a provincial 
police team called m by the 
Yard last week after allega- 
tions on the television pro- 
gramme, World in Action, 
about the relationship be- 
tween London police and Roy 
Garner, a London criminal 
and top police informant. 

Mr Wiltshire has the names 
of a serving detective chief 
inspector and a serving detec- 
tive superintendent who he 
claims woe involved in at- 
tempts to halt his work by 
threat, intimidation or brib- 
ery. One of the officers alleg- 
edly told Mr Wiltshire’s 
juniors there was a plan to kill 
him to stop the Garner 

Mr Wiltshire has refused to 
name either officer and nei- 
ther was previously linked 
with Garner, who is. now 
serving a prison s e ntence for 
VAT gold fraud. ... . 

The investigations are likdy 
to include the examination of 
a 3 , 500 -page report prepared 
in 1983 by Deputy Assistant 
Commissioner Ronald 
Steventon into 

Anthony Lundy. 

Last week two Labour MFs 
used parliamentary privilege 
to quote from Mr Steventon's 
mfnntR to the report in which 
he expressed his belief that Mr 
Lundy was corrupt. Mr Lundy 
replied to the MPs by accusing 

them of hiding behind par- 
liamentary privilege and 
painting out that he had been 

In the minute, Mr 
Steventon said Garner had 
been an informant for Mr 
Lundy over a Long period and 
bad received substantial re- 

■ Mr Steventon is understood 
to have written: “Some ev- 
idence has been deduced in 
respect of both these cases 
which suggests that Garner 
was not the informant he 
claimed to be and that he was 
merely exploiting information 
which he had received from 
Mr Lundy.” 

Mr Steventon wrote: “1 fed 
bound to express a personal 
opinion and regrettably there 
is a dearth of evidence to 
support it, but it is my belief 
that Mr Lundy is a corrupt 
officer who has long exploited 
his association with Gainer.” 

Steventon went on: “It may 
be the Director of Public 
Prosecutions wifi require fur- 
ther inquiries to be made 
which would delay the de- 
cision as to possible disci- 
plinary proceedings. Bat the 
evidence is insufficient to 
warrant suspending Mr Lundy 
from duty.” 

The imaginat ion of a poet, an 
legend a mag i** flirty are 
conspiring to spirit 600 children away 
from London to “The Magic 
Mountain” — via foe National The- 
atre (Our Arts Correspondent mites). 

The man with the enviable power to 
make children disappear is the aster. 

Sylvester McCoy, who plays the Pied 
Piper in a dramatic adaptation of the 
poem by Robert Browning, which 
opens at the South Bank next week. 

Photographed above is his latest 
batch of bewitched followers, from 
Christ Churdi Primary School, 
shortly before a preview of their 

magical mystery tour at the weekend. 

Children from a dozen other 
London schools have been rehearsing 
for the show, with each school 
scheduled to give five performances 
on a rota bests. 

Mr Alan Cohen, the director, says 

the budding actors have shown 
remarkable talent, bat the logistics of 
prod action have beeo “quite 
horrendous*'. A familiar refrain in 
rehearsals has been: “Please sir, 
where is stage left?” 

(Photograph: John Rogers). 

Test case 
on soccer 

By Tan Smith 
A housewife whose 

IwdwnH ami hk fafhar and 

brother all died in the fire at 
Bradford City Football Chib, 
begins a High Court action 
tomorrow which may establish 
a precedent for negligence 
claims by other disaster vic- 
tims fcJoHipp wiltiwit of 

Solicitors acting for 110 
fiawanK have agreed to use 
the loss of Mbs Susan 
Fletcher's family as a test case 
to prove fialnfity against Brad- 
ford City FC , the Health and 
Safety Executive and the for- 
mer West Yorkshire County 

Daring the hearing at file 
' * Cost sitting in Leeds 
Mr Justice Joseph 
Candey, b an ister s will argue 
ever the blame for the disaster, 
which claimed 56 fives and left 
more than 200 spectators in- 
jured in May 1985. The 
plaintiffs’ case is that the 
Maine should be shared by the 
dub and the two authorities 
they bold responsible for 
ens uiiug safety regulations at 
the Valley Puade ground. 

If the case is proved that its 
repe rcuss i ons may be felt at 
every ground and sports hall 
_ . the couutiy where 

spectator events are staged. 
No longer will k be sufficient 
for governme n t and local 
atohorities merely to impose 
safety standards; the onus will 
be on them to ensure the 
regnlafious are enforced. 

Mrs Fletcher, who lost her 
husband, John, a farmworker, 
aged 34, sen Andrew, aged 11, 
brother-in-law, Peter, aged 32, 
and his father, Edmund, aged 
63, will attend but wifi uot give 
evidence at file hearing which 
is expected to last 12 days. 

At her heme in a sm all 
village on the outskirts of 
Nottingham yesterday Mrs 
Fletcher- said: “Obviously I 
would have preferred the mat- 
te be settled out of comt It 
has been terribly difficult to 
pick up the pieces and the 
will ressurrect all 
those feelings I have tried so 
hard to push into the 

Mr Justice Cantiey will also 
rale on a second test case being 
brought at the same time b y 

aged 42fwhose daira 
supported fay the Police 

Sgt Britton was seen by 
ofluons of television viewers 
plunge into the s tad iu m in- 
ferno to rescue an elderly man 
and stagger out as his hah 
host into flames. 

If Sgt Britton's action sod- 
eds men a farther 44 officers 
will daim damages. 

Raid on US reverses brain drain 

Bv Tim Jones in the United Kingdom pro* 

My , ^ duced only 35 applicants. Part 

British compani es h a ve be - Q f the problem is an appare nt 
grin reversing the brain drain reluctance by British com- 
by raiding foe United States to pantos to enlist trainees, as 

counter a severe shortage of 
trained computer staff 
The problem is particularly 
acute in London and the 
South-east with compa ni es in 

finance, insurance a nd in ar- 
ketiag finding it virtually 
impossible to recruit suitably 
qualified staff The shortage is 
said to have reached the stags 
where it is threat en ing ef- 
ficiency and expansion. 

Last month, advertisements 

in the trade press for 1 50 posts 

experience shows that when 
qualified they are Hkdy to 

The computer services di- 
vision of City Recruitment 
Consultants, of London, has 
bees advertising in the United 
States, where there is a large 
pool of workers with com- 
puter skills. 

Mr Mike Doran, chief exec- 
utive of the -firm, said two' 
smaS advertisements in the 
New York Times and the 

Washington Post had resulted 
in more than 100 applications 
for UK jobs, many from 
people in senior positions. 

He said many computer 
specialists wanted to come to 
Britain in spite of a 20 percent 
lowering of salary levels. 

“While a $50,000 job in the 
States would be a $40^)00 job 
here, the lifestyles are dif- 
ferent, and $40,000 would 
achieve a comparable stan- 
dard of living." 

Many of the applicants were 
pan of the brain drain from 
Britain a few years ago, he 
said, and a reversal was now 
undo- way. 

Hidden drinking 
epidemic at work 

Many managers ignore the 
drink problems of their 
employees because they them- 
selves may be reliant on 
alcohol, according to a new 
report in the magazine, Chief 
Jt says there isa“i 
of silence” between 
room and the shopfloor over 
alcohol and drug addiction. 

The article rites an anony- 
mous publicly-quoted com- 
pany, whereat least a third of 
junior and middle manage- 
ment were either alcohol abus- 
ers or alcoholics. 

The company chairman, 
marketing director and 
personnel director were also 
found to have serious drink 
problems, it says. “Eventually 
the chairman was pensioned 
off the personnel director 
CTwmiwwl suicide and the 
marketing director got a 
golden handshake. That same 
company dented it ever had 
an alcohol problem." 

The main difficulty, the 
article says, is persuading 
managers to take the alcohol 

problem seriously, since they 
are unwilling to admit their 
own d rinking levels might be 
“dose to the precipice of 
problem d rinking ”. 

Although some companies 
have taken steps to deal with 
drink and drugs in the work- 
place, many are ignoring fire 

“Refusing to bring in poh- 
. ries to help employees can end 
in costly unfair dismissal 
cases, nuyor safety risks on the 

shopfloor and untold harm to 
company efficiency”, the re- 
port says. 

S imilar fin ding s were made 

by the conference of Alcohol 
and Drug Abuse in Industry, 
in September, which was told 
there was a “bidden 
epidemic” of alcoholism in 
industry, costing the nation 
£1,700 million a year. 

Teaching drivers 
to resist alcohol 

Drivers who are particularly 
susceptible to alcohol are five 
times more likely to have an 
accident when they are on the 
legal limit, than when they 
have had nothing to dr ink. 

The relationship between 
the amount drunk and its 
effects is shown on an alcohol 
level calculator in a teaching 
pack produced by Hampshire 
Probation Service, which an- 
alysed more than 100 people 
over a three-year period. 

Magistrates are finding that 
making anwidanne at a mnrse 

a condition of probation can 
help drivers to see the error of 
their ways. The teaching pack 
is to be launched throughout 
the country. 

It is produced by 
Southampton University, in 
the teaching media depart- 
ment and, at £150, including 
videos, is a commercial ven- 
ture supported by the Alcohol 
Education Research GounriL 

About 200,000 people are 
convicted each year few drink- 
driving offences. 

New type of Aids 
spreads to Europe 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
New mutations of the Aids iieve they have found another 

virus ate already spreading to 
Europe, causing increasing 
concern among international 
researchers, and may give 
a defed urgency to the develop- 
ment of improved screening 

Some scientists believe the 
related viruses could provide 
important clues in the quest 
for an Aids vaccine. They may 
also confirm that the disease 
originated in monkeys in Cen- 
tral Africa. 

There is no evidence that 
anyone who has developed 
Aids in Britain is infected with 
any of the new strains. The 
existing Mood tests are consid- 
ered by experts to be adequate, 
and measures to screen Mood 
donor products have been 

But the leading French re- 
searcher. Dr Luc Montagnier, 
who first described the Aids 
virus HTV in May 1983, said 
in San Francisco at the week- 
end that a new virus discov- 
ered in West Africa last year 
may be as deadly as the 
ori ginal strain. 

fie told the American 
Association of Blood Banks 
that the virus, LAV-H, may be 
a big cause of Aids in West 
Africa and has already spread 
to several Western European 
countries. Dr Monlaignier sa- 
id: “We are just at the 
beginning of the spread of a 
new virus.” Other researchers 
working for the Porton Inter- 
national biomedical group be- 

new strain. Tests on patients 
with folly-developed disease 
revealed no trace of HIV 

The discovery was made 
recently in an African country 
which the researchers are 
reluctant to identify 

Separate investigations 
have indicated that there is in 
Africa a human virus, more 
closely related to a strain 
found in green monkeys. This 
does not appear to cause 
illness but it could possibly 
mean infected individuals will 
develop disease later in life. 

Scientists are divided about 
the significance of the new 
strains. Some believe they are 
of little importance and are 
anxious to avoid causing more 
public alarm. 

• Two opinion polls pub- 
lished yesterday showed sub- 
stantial majorities in favour of 
the entire British population 
being tested for Aids. 

More than 60 per cent of 
those who took part in a 
Harris poll for The Observer 
said there should be com- 
pulsory testing. Two-thirds 
thought the Government was 
not doing enough to wain 
people about the dangers of 

A Marplan survey in the 
Sunday People showed 80 per 
cent of men and women aged 
between I6and35 in favour of 
the whole population being 
tested. Among women, the 
figure was 90 per cent. 


—% old — 

£16,000 to 
a holiday 

Mr Alfred McNamee, a 
computer proganuner from 
Glasgow, who has played 
Portfolio Gold since it started, 
said he was “speechless, just 
speechless" when he heard 
yesterday of his £16,000 win. 

Mr McNamee, aged 35, who 
lives with his mother in 
Bafitestoo, said: “I'm going to 
Lanzarote soon on holiday - 
this means I will have a very 
nice trip indeed.” He plans to 
use the rest of the money for a 
home extension. 

Mr McNamee, a reader of 
The Times for seven years, won 
two £8,000 weekly prizes be- 
cause there was no winner the 
previous week. - 

The £4,000 prize on Sat- 
urday was shared by four 

Mr Robert Chope, aged 73,a 
retired circuit judge from 
Truro in Cornwall was de- 
lighted with his win and jo- 
ked:”People will wonder what 
is going on - my predecessor 
as circuit judge down here, Mr 
Thomas Dewar, won Portfolio 
in September!” 

Mr Peter Assiuder, aged 64, 
a retired publisher from 
Putney, south west London, 
said he plans to spend his 
£1,000 on a new washing 
machine and stair carpet 

Mr Alfred McNamee: win' 
made him speechless 

Mr Joseph Rozewicz, aged 
56, an Oxford University re- 
search scientist, from Stan- 
more, Middlesex, said he was 
very surprised to win. “It was 
very pleasant because statis- 
tically I thought the rhmtv* 
were very small indeed,” 

The fourth Portfolio Gold 
winner was Mr Michael Ar- 
cher, aged 36, from Worthing 
in Sussex, an information 
officer for Beechnuts, who 
said: “I'm going to spend the 
money on a new central heat- 
ing boiler - how exciting.” 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 



BB1 6AJ. 

fall foul of 

By Peter Evans 

Home Affairs 


Motorists have experienced 
a revolution in the enforce- 
ment of traffic laws since 
October 1 when the use of 
fixed penalty tickets was 

Police forces with figures 
available report a big jump in 
the number of tickets issued. 

In Cleveland, there was a 
rise from 1,324 in October 
1985 to 2,735 last month, 
though there may have been 
some annual increase anyway. 
Merseyside’s rise over the 
same period was from 8,884 to 
1 1,021. The October figure for 
the West Midlands was about 
15,000, compared with about 
10,000 for an average month 

South Yorkshire is expect- 
ing to double last year’s total 
of 38,000. 

About a thousand fixed 
penalty tickets are being is- 
sued in Nottinghamshire ev- 
ery week, and the county's 
police committee was told last 
ureek that if the 
continues, more 

Inspector Tony Garhett, of 
the traffic division of the West 
Midlands force, said the sys- 
tem was proving to be quicker 

and easier for drivers. It took 
an officer about three minutes 
to complete the formalities, 
compared with some ten min- 
utes before the scheme was 

Time would also be saved 
for police and the courts, 
Inspector Garhett said. 

Roman defence mound np for auction 

By a Staff Reporter 

_ surviving relic of 

•■***' Winchester’s Roman and 

nedfeval defences, is to be 
auctioned today. 

Hermit's Tower Mood, the 
most impressive man-made 
earthwork in the city, is 
expected to fetch between 
£5^00and £25,000 when it 
comes under the hammer at 
Botcher’s Livery Hall in 

Mr John Lteyd, a partner in 
Bernard Thorpe and Partners, 
who are conducting the aac- 

tten, that the 
contained archaeological 
deposits which dated back to 
at least the first centmy AD. 

Roman Winchester, or 

of both the Roman and medi- 
eval defences. 

She said that there was 
evidence in Winchester that 
the city walls were rebuilt 

of wall foundations were un- 
covered ob the extreme north- 
west corner in 1984. This 
amid be the tower referred to 
in a 1285 survey which re- 
corded a “Walter de la Tar” 

™ Tower) 

CTimtry to have tea g agmen, tfeu M feast three 

The earliest defensive arena, 

of an eastern bank 
and ditch, was thrown np 
about AD70. 

A ccenting to Mbs Jo Bai- 
ley, of the Winchester Archae- 
ology Office, the remains of 
this bank are probably the 
base of Tower Mound, which 
formed the north-west corner 

feet of chalky sea was heaped 
on to the top of the Roman 
Tower Momd. This is capped 
by a mortar snrfece that could 
represent a walkway along the 
top of the rampart. 

Mas Bailey sate it was 
pass ible that this was used to 
support a tower because traces 

name for Tower Street 
• Nearly 40 lordships of 
manors, Indnding a collection 
from the bolding of Lord 
Anglesey, are to be sold at the 
same unction. Most of the 
lordships of manors mdnde 
manorial court rolls, docu- 
ments, royal rights, and ma- 
norial rights. 

Actually, the tale isn’t so much 
lost as misplaced. Because everyone 
thinks Cutty Sark is the ship moored 
on the Thames at Greenwich. 

But before that, it was the name 
of the rather wooden-faced young 
lady shown here. 

Her career as a witch was 
described by Robert Bums 


Destroying crops, slaughtering 
livestock and luring boats onto the 

lay in crossing a 
running stream — 



epic poem 

Tam o'Shanter" 

rocks were Cutty Sark's 

something no witch 

usual pastimes. But 

can do. Yet Cutty 

r % 

r :y mmmm 

instant. The famous 

wr . Y.^iy 006 p art i cu ^ r raspw 

night, she was dancing 

( for tile delectation of Old 

illlP^ ^ 10 vras 

1 Nick himself, in 

W named after the witch, in hopes 

Alloway Church. 

When Tam saw the lights 

of emulating her awesome speed. 

And also from the legend came 

// blazing within the bellowed wells. tbc ,ltsal ° C ? kcm S 3 mm ' s ^ of 

he utne fortrard. he saw, and he was ro I* “ ,hc C S“" :h “ d ' s outstretched 




conquered by love. (Or was it 
lust? Clue: he dubbed her Cutty 
Sark, the old Scots phrase for 
the short shirt she w 
almost wearing.) 

Cutty Sark discovered 
Tam o’Shanter spying on her. 

And she pursued him and 
his grey mare with such 
spirit that they came within 
a hair of death. 

Their one salvation 

hand, following an especially 

fast passage. 

You may wonder why we 
chose to illustrate the ship on 
our label, rather than the scantily- 

But that way wc can be 

sure our customers want 

us for one thing only. 








ex, ex- 
.nd rose 
wlh in 
/as an 
l Tum-I 
of the) 
from 7 ] 
hi and 

tgles is j 
where i 
d mil-! 

!0 mil- 
expen- 1 
ked to 
it not 
ds arej 

f this 
nt es- 
f £70 



Brinks-Mat bullion raid 

£26m robbery leads Yard 
to uncover US crime link 

. Scotland Yard's Tiutagd 
. House is an undistinguished 
office block overlooking the 
-Thames. But for the past 18 
. months it has been home to a 
special unit of detectives set 
up to unravel the financial 
legerdemain used to launder 
the proceeds of the £26 mil- 
lion Brinks-Mat robbery. 

. ' Almost three years after 
Britain's record robbery, car- 
ried out by an armed gang on a 
-high security warehouse near 
Heathrow Airport, the police 
hunt for the raiders and their 
proceeds continues unabated, 
ft has cost the life of one 
■detective and sent others to 
‘ the banking centres of Europe 
‘ .Larin America, and die off 
- shore financial havens of the 

. In the process the Yard has 
uncovered a massive inter- 
national network of shell com- 
panies and accounts moving 
millions of pounds of Ameri- 
can and British criminal 
.■money. The result is what 

- American drug investigators 
\ think is an important break- 
through leading them from 

: Florida to Boston, Chicago. 
New Y'ork and a chain of 

- crooked lawyers at the service 
’ of the Mafia. 

.Two men are serving sen- 
tences of 25 years after the 
, evidence of a Brinks-Mat 
guard who helped them to 
plan ihe robbery and then 
became a police witness. 
" Detectives believe they have 
identified another three or 
' four men who took part in the 
raid. Pulling apart the network 
' which changed the bullion 
into cash and then into invest- 
ments is well under way. 

-Four men have been con- 
victed on charges arising from 
the robbery. Another nine 
. . men and women face charges 
involving the movement of 
money generated from the 
robbery. Fresh arrests are 

The biggest robbery in- 

By Stewart Teodter, Crime Reporter 
vestigation the Yard has ever thought they were on its track 

undertaken began on a Sat- 
urday morning in November 
1983 when robbers swarmed 
into the security warehouse 
supplied by Anthony Black, a 
guard, with photographs of the 
interior and a key. Black 
provided a signal for Ihe 
robbers to attack. 

The gang expected to find 
£2 or £3 million bat neither he 
nor they knew a huge consign- 
ment of gold had arrived 
hours earlier from another 
warehouse. The robbers took 
nearly three tons of bullion. 

They had been monitoring 
safes of furnaces, the appear- 
ance of smelted gold 

A central figure in their 
investigations was a Kent 
businessman called Kenneth 
Noye. In January last year 
officers from the Yard's 
undercover ' surveillance 
department Cl] were wateb- 
ipi his home. 

Two officers climbed into 
the grounds round the Noye 
home at night as a police raid, 
was being launched. They 
were seen by Noye’s guard 

The police investigation has led to: 

• Three men convicted for the robbery and one 

• Foot men convicted of handling the gold and four 

• Six men and three women facing charges for 
handling proceeds of the robbery. 

• One man under threat of deportation from the 
United States to face questioning. 

Police, who have recovered 11 gold bars worth 
£110,000, think that at least £10 million was 
laundered into cash by a route they uncovered. 
Scores of accounts being investigated. 

on the run from the United 
States where he was wanted 
for murder and drug traffick- 
ing. Erico, at present fighting 
extradition to the US, and his 
contacts fed police into the 
middle of (he international 
laundering network servicing, 
the Mafia and London. 

It stretched from the I&fe of 
Man, where police found 
more than 170 accounts, to 
the British Virgin 

Other accounts were traced 
to the Far East, the City of 
London and Europe. One 
squad of officers concentrated 
on the international network, 
working closely with the 

Another concentrated on 
Brinks-Mat It discovered gold 
had been turned into rash, 
funnelled into Swiss bank 
accounts and then used tor 

investments in property in 
Britain and the US- 

1,000 carats of diamonds, 
platinum and travellers' 

The police quickly realized 
that the robbers had good 
intelligence. They screened 
the staff and discovered that 
Black's sister was living with a 
man called Brian Robinson, a 
south Londoner whose named 
figured heavily in Flying 
Squad files. One of his part- 
ners was thought to be Mi- 
chael McAvoy. Black cracked 
during police questioning and 
Robinson, McAvoy and a 
third south London man were 
charged. Robinson and 
McAvoy were convicted bat 
the third man was acquitted. 
Black was given six years in 

dogs and Detective Constable 
John Fordham was caught by 
Noye and stabbed to death . 

Noye was later acquitted of 
the officer’s murder on a plea 
of self defence but he was 

The re-esiaMishment of 
extradition arrangements with 
Spain has however greatly 
assisted the police. Before the 
ink dried on the extradition 
agreements the Yard had pre- 
pared a list of men it sought 
and gathered intelligence on 
their activities. 

At least two were connected 
to Brinks-Mat. A West Coun- 
try jeweller, was sought in 

convicted with two others of connection with handling the 
moving gold from the robbery gold. Police also wanted to 

jail and the promise of a new 
life to save him from revenge. 

A year after the robbery the 
police had convictions but no 
sign of the gold although they 

back into the legitimate mar- 
ket and given 14 years in 
prison. The others convicted 
were Brian Reader and Garth 
Chappell. Matteo Constantino 
was convicted of VAT fraud. 

At Scotland Yard Det Con 
Fordham ”s death bad not gone 
unmarked. A 45-strong team 
of experienced detectives was 
formed specifically to look at 
organized crime and the 
laundering of assets. 

High on their priorities was 
the Brinks-Mat case. A year 

talk to John Fleming, a 

Earlier this year the jeweller 
was flown back to Britain 
from Brazil and charged with 
handling gold from the rob- 1 
bery and a VAT offence. Mr 1 
Fleming fled to Costa Rica 1 
from Spain after being faced 
with explusion. 

Expelled from Costa Rica 
he went to Florida, was held 
and is waiting to see if he will 
have to return to Britain. 

In London police in the past 

plea for 


. •••• , 

Richard Short, aged 10, of Westminster Under Schixd, London, spdliog oat his victory over 
83 young finalists in a sponsored Scrabble competition which is expected to raise £15,000 
for Save the Children. The finals of the contest were held yesterday at Baden Powell House 
in Qneensgate, London (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Transport developments 

after their formation as they week have charged a solicitor 
followed up leads they saw an with handling £2.7 million in 

American called Scott Erico, proceeds from stolen gold. 

The House of Lords:l 

Rebellious peers may bring 
about their own downfall 

The word went out from —————————————— 

Westminster last week that the 1 The House of Lords has become a thorn in the side of 
House of Lords had over- Mrs Thatcher's government. In the first of three 
stepped the marie, articles on the power and influence ofthe upper House, 

For the first time in nearly a sheila Gunn, of oar Political Staff examines what 

they have been daing-and why. 





Britain’s longest motorway 
tunnel opens ahead of time 

stepped the marie, 

For the first time in nearly a 
decade, abolition was men- 
tioned, reform discussed and 
plans put forward for firmer 
control of its procedures. 

What had the Upper House 
done to deserve such retribu- 
tion? In the eyes of their 
lordships, their sin has been to 
do their job as a revising 
chamber properly. 

■ They have no doubt that the 
_ attack against them is being 
fed from the top, by Mns 
Thatcher herself 
; -The defeats inflicted by the 
Lords on government Bills 
since the Prime Minister took 
office now total 104, Behind 
these lie scores of deals and 
compromises negotiated be- 
tween the Conservative 
Party's business managers and 
rebellious peers to prevent 
farther revolts. 

• -This has forced ministers to 
,s& up and take notice, how- 
ever unwillingly. Some take 
the relaxed view that maybe a 

when they have been at their 
most vigorous. 

The Government has made 
several mistakes. It took the 
natural good humour of the 
peers for granted, relying on a 
seemingly endless stream of 
hereditary lords to back them 

It also mismanaged the 
timetable for an unusually 
heavy batch of Bills. It handed 
the Lords an unexpected 
weapon by demanding that 
they deal with five main Bills 
in the five week autumn spill- 
over period. 

The Government antago- 
nized the upper House by 
lopping three weeks off its 
summer holidays to finish the 
work. To add insult to injury, 
it added another 700 amend- 
ments to the Bills which had 
bad tittle debate in the Com- 
mons because of a strict time 

change to a Bill makes sense if limit imposed by a guillotine. 

wide consultation rights for 
workers have been added and 
this has jeopardized govern- 
ment {dims for commercial 
management at Rosyth in Fife ! 
and Devonport, Devon. 

• Housing and Planning i 
Bill - giving local councils i 
the right to decide if elderly i 
tenants can buy their council 

• NHS (Amendment) Bill — 
widening its powers so that 
all health service buildings can 
be sued under the health and 
safety laws, and not just 
hospital kitchens. 

• Education Bill — the aboli- 
tion of caning and the in- 
troduction of new powers 
governing how sex and poli- 
tics are taught in schools. 

• Housing (Scotland) Bill — 
exempting tenants of some 
housing association properties 

it is backed by Labour, Alli- 
ance, Independent and some 
Conservative peers. But oth- 
ers mutter darkly about 
democracy and unelected bod- 
ies, with unflattering ref- 
erences to the peers' age and 
contact with the real world. 

Early in the last session, 
which ended on Friday, the 
admission of television cam- 
eras was blamed for a new 
reluctance to rubber stamp 
government Bills. The cam- 
eras, however, have not been 
there for the past five weeks. 

Their lordships found badly 
drafted clauses and accused 
the Government of legislating 
“on the hooP in response to 
particular problems, such as 
the hippy peace convoy and 
the disruption of speakers on 
university campuses. 

The form of their 
“rebellion” was to question 
the effect of such hastily 
drafted powers and insist on 
certain changes. 

The most far-reaching 

• Dockyard Service Bill — 

from the right-to-buy law. 
In theory. Mrs Thatch 

s found badly la theory. Mrs Thatcher’s 
and accused Government has little to fear 
; of legislating from the Lords. It has almost 
a response to no power to influence finan- 
ems. such as rial Bills and it tends to keep 
: convoy and to the convention of not 
f speakers on insisting on changes which 
uses. lead to more public spending, 

of their Its dud 1 weapon is delay. The 
to question most it can do is put back a 
such hastily Bill to the next session, 
and insist on But, with a general election 
looming, they can use this to 
far-reaching great effect. 

Tomorrow; Who's Who in 
mice Bill — the Lords 

US joins 
farm crisis 

EEC dairy I ‘Rest land 



Farmers' leaders from EEC 
countries mil meet agri- 
cultural representatives from 
ihe United States Chamber of 
Commerce at a conference 
which begins in London on 

Mr Michael Jopting, Min- 

ister of Agriculture, and Mr 
Frans Andriessen, the EEC 

Frans Andriessen, the EEC 
agriculture commissioner, will 
speak at the conference which 
"will discuss EEC and United 
States agricultural and trade 
policies and problems caused 
by oversupply. 

The meeting has added 
importance because of the 
crisis in American farming, 
which has brought many 
bankruptcies and farced some 
small banks out of business. 
There are fears that European 
agriculture feces similarly 
difficult times. 

Farmers' unions in Britain 
have warned Mr Nigel Law- 
son. Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer. that investment in 
plant and machinery this year ( 
will fell to its lowest level for 
forty years. They are asking 
for tax concessions and re- 
duced interest rates. 

EEC dairy quotas hare been 
“an unmitigated fell are”, acc- 
ording to a report by Agra 
Europe, the research org- 

The blame rests with the 
member states, which “have 
consistently subverted and dis- 
torted the original intentions 
and objectives of the Comm- 
ission's proposals”. As a re- 
sult, there appears tittle 
prospect of effective measures 
to reduce the output of milk 
and tnflk products in the near 

In a separate report for 
Agra Earope, Professor Chris- 

to clear 

More than half Britain's 
arable farmers would support 
a scheme to take land out of 
production in order to curb 

cereal surpluses, a survey by 
Farmers Weekly shows. 

topher Ritson, of Newcastle 
University, and Mr AJan 

University, and Mr AJan 
Swmhank,of Reading Univer- 
sity, forecast increasing sur- 
pluses of fruit and vegetables, 
largely as a resalt of higher 
returns to Spanish producers 
since Spain joined the EEC. 

That coaid lead to renewed 
attempts to strengthen protec- 
tion measures, with higher 
prices, reduced consumer 
choke and a grim outlook for 
Third World produces with 
no association arrangements 
with the EEC. 

Bui most of those in favour 
would prefer a compulsory 
programme to the voluntary 
one proposed by the Govern- 
ment. Nearly three-quarters 
opposed restrictions on nitro- 
gen fertilizers, mainly because 
they could not be effectively 

About half foe fanners 
questioned would settle for 
compensation of between £50 
and £100 an acre. The Gov- 
ernment is said to be thinking 
of around £75 an acre, which 
represents one year’s storage 
costs for two tonnes of wheat, 
somewhat below tbe national 
average yield but a good 
return on marginal land. 

The most popular alter- 
native crops would be beans, 
peas and oilseed rape. Others , 
mentioned include poppies, , 
flax, foxgloves, lavender, eve- 
ning primrose, .sunflowers 
aud - caravans. I 

Peter Davenport 

Defence Correspondent 

Cruise missile training con- 
voys will . continue from 
Greenham Common, in spite 
of last wed's ambash by 
protesters, the Ministry of 
Defence said yesterday. 

The ministry said that the 
deployments would continue 
as “often as necessary” to 
meet required training 

A spokesman denied a re- 
port that the exercises had 
been suspended Ah' a high- 
level security inquiry after bat 
week's incident. 

A group of 100 anti-cruise 
campaigners ambushed a 
training convoy as it returned 
from exercise to its base at 
Greenham Common. 

In a carefully co-ordinated 
operation they cut. the brake 
hoses on two vehicles, daubed 
paint on others and generally 
held up the convoy for more 
than an hour. 

Members of the anti-missile 
Cruise Watch organization 
said it was their most effective 
operation against the convoy 

Yesterday the Sunday Tele- 
graph claimed that all cruise 
deployments bad been sus- 
pended until after the outcome 
of a high-level inquiry into the 

It also claimed that min- 
isterial approval, which is 
required before such exercises 
take place, would be withheld 
until ministers are convinced 
there wffl be no repetition of 
last week's incident. 

But a spokesman for the 
Ministry of Defence said yes- 
terday: “It is qnite an true to 
say the convoys have been 
suspended. They will continue 
from Greenham Common as 
often as necessary to meet 
required training standards.' 1 

The ministry refused to 
discuss the programme of 
training exercises, how often 
or where they take place or 
when the next one is sched- 
uled, for security reasons. 

However the spokesman re- 
iterated that live missiles were 
not carried on tbe exercises 

By Rodney Canton, Transport Correspondent 

The longest tunnel in the and westbound entry at June- M66 
British motorway network ti on 6 are dosed. . Bridge 

will be opened to traffic next M275 H amp shir e; Between Bridges 
month, about three months 

ohpgH nf trh«vin!» roundabout, Portsmouth. M63Gi 

ahead of schedule. Construction of new flyover. road fo 

It is the tunnel of 0.75 miles M€3 a 

which will cany traffic on the' . MiriliittHc reduced 

Great North Road, the A1(MX J 

under Ha tfield, and trail bo jSiStore f ’SZZ 

formally owned by tbe Duke 27 and 28 <A608*nd A38). 
of Kent on December 10. M5 Hereford and Worcester 
Tbe specifically constructed Between Junctions 4 and 5 
tunnel is three-lane dual (Brom^rove and Droitwich). W 

carriageway and follows 
roughly the line of the existing 
Al surface road, which will be 
redesignated the A 1001 . 

Major roadworks For The 
UK — November 10 to 17 

London and 


M f - Nottinghamshire: 

Contraflow between Junctions 
27 and 28 (A608*nd A38). 

M5 Hereford and Worcester: 
Between Junctions 4 and 5 
(Bromsgrovc and Droitwich). 
Contraflow and various lane 
closures between Junctions 5 
and 8. 

M54 West Midlands: Various 
lane closures between Junctions 
2 and 6 near Telford. 

Al Nottinghamshire: 
Contraflow north of Newark at 

M66 Greater Manchester: 

Bridge painting at Sinister for disaster. 
Bridges. Traffic confined to hard Mind say 
shoulder near Junction 4 (M62). hospital ma: 
M63 Greater Manchester Link bed wards v 
road from A34 Junction 10 to and that so 
M63 northbound carriageway lavnmripc w 

dosed between Junctions 1 and ' sme h osp ita 
2, Merseyside. Alternative route . Weak .. Wijn . 
signed. . sleeping on i 

The taenia] health chanty. 
Mind, today launches a big 
campaign to draw attention to 
what it called the poverty of 
conditions in psychiatric hos- 
pitals and the lack of a 
property funded network of 
foal care for patients- 

As part of foccampaign, Mr 

Chris Heginbotham, o^ional 

director of Mind, called for the 

closure of all Ifflge psyctoatnc 

hospitals by the year -.000, 
with retraining .ana re- 
deployment of staff to ensure 
no compulsory redundancies. 

Mr Heginbotbam said: 
“This is a realistic target given 
the political and the man- 
agerial will Tbe record of 
recent governments is appall 
ing. no cash and little action. 

Miss Chris Shaw, the 
charity’s assistant director, 
said those suffering mental 
fl ings such as schizophrenia 
should be given the opportu- 
nity to work or, if that was not 
possible, to have some son of 
valuable occupation. Forms or 
sheltered housing should be 
available so that help was on 
hand when needed, to care for 
the mentally ill in the commu- 
nity rather than in hospital 

The charity has produced a 
10-point charter to support ns 
cam paig n Demands include a 
call for another £500 million a 
year government spending. on 
mental health services; a 
bridgi ng food to smooth , the 
t ransi tion from hospital care 

to community based care; new 

benefits for the disabled and 
those looking after them at 
home, and a public education 
programme to combat what 
Mind calls the “stigma and 
prejudice against mental 

Introducing the campaign, 
called “A Better Life”, Mr 
Heginbotham said: “The next 
year will be crucial for mental 
health services. Plans to dose 
tite huge crumbling hospitals 
are coming to fruition, but the 
alternative of community ser- 
vices is either son-existent or. 
at the best, is a patchy 
scattering of uncoordinated 

He added: “Replacing an 
under-funded institutional 
service with an under-funded 
community service is a recipe 

Cronxwefl. Also contraflow at. MS 

Wales and the 

M4 Wiltshire Contraflow be- 
tween Junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and CSrencesterX 
M4 West Glamorgan: Restric- 
tions between Junctions 34 and 
35 (A41 19 and A473). 

Mind says that people in 
hospital may often live in 30- 
bed wards with peeling walls, 
and that some have to use 
lavatories with no doors and 
baths- with no taps. Life out- 
side hospital may be just as 
bleak ■ wijh . former., patients 
sleeping on park tenches. 

The charity plans a nation- 
wide survey of mental health 
patients to bade up its charter, 
which will be handed to Mrs 
Thatcher today. 

It win also publish a num- 
ber of policy papers. 


Gloucestershire: I 

Ml Hertfordshire: Major road- 
works ax Junction 8 (Hand 
Hempstead). Northbound entry 
and sooth bound exit slips at 
Junction 8 dosed. 

Ml Buckinghamshire: 
- Contraflow between Junction IS 
and Newport Pagneti service 

Mil London: Major roadworks 
al Redbridge roundabout. 

M2 Kent: Lane restrictions be- 
tween Junctions S and 7 
(Sittingbourne and Faversham). 
M20 Kent: Contraflow between 
junctions 7 and 8 (Maidstone). 
M27 Hampshire: Contraflow 
near Southampton between 
Junctions 2 ana 3 (A3 1 and 
M271). No westbound exit at 
Junction 2 and no westbound 
entry at Junction 3 from M271. 
M4Q Oxfordshire: Only one 
lane in each direction between 
Junction 6 (Princes Risborough) 
and Junction 7 (Thame). East- 
bound entry slip at Junction 7 


Ml Sooth Yorkshire: Repairs 
between Junctions 31 and 33. 
Slip roads at Junction 31 and 
M1/M18 link will be dosed al 
various times. 

M6 Cheshire: Roadworks be- 
tween Junctions 16 and 17 
(Kid^rove/Sandbach). ■ , 

M6 L an cashire: Roadworks os 
both carriageways between 
Junctions 29 and- 32 
(Chorley /Preston). 

Mfi L an cas h ire: Roadworks ax 
Junction 23 (Merseyside). Some 
lane closures. 

MIS Sooth Yorkshire: Major 
roadworks between Junctions 6 
and 7 (Thorne and M62). South- 
bound exit and northbound 
entry slip roads closed at Junc- 
tion 6. 

M62 Greater Manchester: 
Contraflow between Junctions 
19 and 2! near Middleton. 

M63 Greater Manchester: Ma- 
jor widening at Barton Bridge. 

Contraflow at Junction '14 
(Tbornhury). Northbound slip 
• road at Junction 14 dosed. 

MS Avon and Somerat: Lane 
closures both ways b et w e en 
Junctions 18 and 19 near Bris- 
tol. Afro restrictions between 
Junctions 21 and 26 (Weston- 
super-Mare and Wellington). 

Four join 


MS Glasgow: Construction 
work between Junctions 15 and 
17 (city centre and. Dumbarton). 
Bridge work between Junctions 
29 and 30 (Paisley and Erslrine 

M73 Glasgow: Bridge repairs 
□ear Junction 1 (M74). 

M74 Haufltn: Contraflow be- 
tween Junction 4 (A723) and 
Both well service station. 

M90 Fife: Contraflow between 
Junctions 3 and 4 (Dunfermline 
and Kelly) and carriageway 
repairs between Junctions 4 and 
6 (Kefry and Kinross). 

hdonnation compiled aud 
supplied by AA Routwatch. 

Diplomats 9 victims protest 

Victims of diplomatic cr- 
imes are to deliver a petition 
to Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
urging the Government to 
introduce measures to prevent 
diplomats, who are involved 
in terrorism and other crimes, 
from abusing their immunity. 

The delegation win also 
present the petition to the 
United Nations and plead for 
“humane actions”. The group 
confirmed yesterday that the 
United Nations had “ex- 
pressed interest" in receiving 
the parents of murdered 
Woman Police Constable 
Yvonne Fletcher and other 
victims of diplomatic crimes 

By a Staff Reporter 

from England, Australia, Can- u The book by Mr Chuck 
ada and the United States. Ashman, an American jour- 

More than 50,000 pec 

have already signed the pe- 
tition, but at least one million 

naiisL and Pamela Trescott, a 
lawyer, gave a warning of the 
presence of arms and the 

signatures are needed before, potentianor farthering terror- 
lhe petition can be delivered foreign (mtassies in 

early next year. 

The petition campaign was 
launched three months ago 
after the publication of OUT- 
RAGE - An Investigation into 
the Abuse of Diplomatic 
Immunity, which documented 
at least one serious crime in 
England each week involving 
an “excused” diplomat or 
relative or an employee. 

London, New York and other 
key cities. 

• Mr Tim Fletcher, his wife, 
Queenie. and the other vic- 
tims of diplomatic crimes 
have appealed to tire public to 

sign the petition and send it to: 

Queenie Fletcher, “Outrage” 
Petition, W H Allen, 44 Hill 
Street, Mayfair, London W1X \ 
8 LB. 

Foot new public members 
of the Press Council were 
announced today - a form sec- 
retary, a community relations 
officer, a school bead, and a 
judges wife. 

They are: 

Mrs Sylvia Brenda Weston, 
aged 41, of Higher Came, 
Dorchester, Dorset, a farm 
secretary and vice-president of 
a Women's Institute. 

Mr Muhammad Ashraf 
Bismil, aged 47, of Wheatley, 
Halifax, community relations 
officer at Calderdale, West 

Mr Alan Daniels, aged 54, 
bead of a school for children 
with severe learning diffi- 
culties and former assistant 
education officer. 

Lady Kennedy, aged 46, of 
Harrogate, a home economist 
and Open University student, 
who is the wife of Sir Paul 
Kennedy, a High Court judge, 
and the daughter of another 
judge. Lord Devlin, first in- 
dependent chairman of the 
Press Council from 1964 to 

Tbe new members were 
chosen from more thqn 640 
candidates. Their three-year 
term starts in the new year. 

The Press CoundTs const- 
itution provides for 18 mem- 
bers representing the public 
and the same number of press 
members. They sit with an 
independent chairman. Sir 
ZeUnan Co wen QC, provost 
of Oriel College, Oxford, and a 
former governor-general of 
Aust ralia. 

Geese fly headlong into dispute with distillers 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 
Gaggles of Greenland 
white-fronted geese are arriv- 
ing at Dnidi Moss, on the isle 
of Islay, for the winter un- 
aware that they lave stirred 
op a bitter dispute between two 
government departments. 

For tbe rare breed’s tra- 
ditional roasting ground is 
also in demand for Its peat, 
which is used (9 Impart a 
distinctive Savour to whisky. 

The Scottish Office has 
come out in support of the 
peat-cutting whisky-makers, 
denying that they threaten the 
wese, white the Department of 
Environment has backed the 
European Commission, which 

declared ft a site of special 
scientific interest (SSI). 

The geese breed in Green- 
land, wintering at several 
roosting grounds to Ireland 
and off the west coast of 
Scotland. Bat their numbers 
dropped to about 15,000 by tbe 
end of the 1970s when peat- 
cutters invaded their tra- 
ditional habitat ia Ireland. 

Islay is now considered one 
of then- most, important* 

to Scottish Malt Distillers 
Company to cot peat da 
condition that no work was 
carried out in winter. Threwas 
found to contravene European 
law, ratified hi Britain, which 
banned any work there. 

Islanders were divided and 
the fu t u re of the distilleries 
and vital jobs were threatened. 
There were chums that Scot- 
tish whisky, such as White 
Horse, would never taste the 
same without this peat 

investigating the 

Government's attitude, and 
psnticalarfy the role played by 
Mr. Julia MadExy, Under 
Secretary of State at the 
Scottish Office and MP for 
Argyf^and Bute, which in- 

He said that in a letter to an 
island conadHor, Mr MacKay 
accused . the European 

as an cor 

The saga of Daicb Moss 
began when the Scottish Of- 
fice gave jdamrinc permisskm 

conservationist; and feflow 
bird fevers were loudly booed 
at a public meeting on tire 
island. * 

Lord Mekhett, a former 
Labour minister. 'has been 

ignoraut interference” and 
tout its decision to designate 
the site an SSI was H aa 

Lord Gtamrthiav another 
Scottish Office Mimsfex, said; 
“The Government does not 

to the habitet of toe Gredand 

white-fronted yw is likely. 
They, therefore, naturally re- 
any subsequent delays 
*hteh place obstacles in the 
jray el development of an 
industry of great importance to 
foe people of Islay.” 

• Tbe geese are also threat- 
ened by a plague of ferrets on 
fehiy, ““d foe Government is 
being asked to continue to fond 
an eradication programme due 
to end soon. 

■The ferrets, at least 1,000 of 
them, are attacking game- 
bfods and domestic stock. 

Origmafly* IS Terrels were 
brought- on to the island. 

Manpower Services 
Govwisswn employs 12 peo- 
pfe to chedt 160 ferret traps. 


P f 




l So 



Solicitors in 
protest over 
Bar call for 
client link 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Solicitors have launched a 
strong counter-attack on pro- 
posals from the Bar that some 
clients be allowed to deal with 
barristers direct and not go 
through a solicitor. 

In a paper published today, 
the Law Society gives a warn- 
ing that the proposals could 
lead to barristers doing 
solicitors' work and placing 
themselves “in direct 
competition” with their 

That could be “divisive" 
and threaten a relationship 
where “unreserved co-opera- 
tion is essential”, it says. 

Their riposte to draft pro- 
posals from a Bar Council 
committee threatens fresh dif- 
ferences between the two 
branches of the profession 
about how far their restrictive 
practices should be 

Solicitors have in recent 
months launched a vigorous 
campaign for wider advocacy 
rights, which are restricted in 
the higher courts to the Bar, 
and the Bar committee now 
proposes that other pro- 
fessionals and employed bar- 
risters (such as in commerce 
and industry) have direct 

The Law Society strongly 
opposes these proposals, say- 
ing that to instruct a barrister 
adequately in the specialist 
areas where direct access is 
proposed requires some de- 
gree of legal qualification. 

As a result of the proposals, 
instructions given to a bar- 
rister could be deficient and 
lead “to the banister assuming 

wider responsibilities'' and in 
effect doing the job of a 
solicitor, it says. 

Alternatively, a barrister 
may find himself refusm 
“deficient” instructions ani 
thereby breaching the “cab 
rank rule" which obliges bar- 
risters to accept the next brief, 
whatever it is. 

It also gives a warning that 
for the first time solicitors 
could find themselves in com- 
petition with the client for big 
areas of work; an accountant's 
client might need legal advice 
on tax matters and the 
accountant could choose to go 
either to a barrister or a 
solicitor for the advice. 

Solicitors are increasingly 
specialized and “do not fi 
that competition**, the society 

“But barristers should re- 
alize that in placing them- 
selves in direct competition 
with solicitors they would be 
introducing a divisive dement 
into a relationship where un- 
reserved co-operation is 
essential." , _ 

In response to the Law 
Society paper Mr Peter Scott, 
chairman-elect of the Bar, said 
that the society’s arguments 
“follow in many respects 
those put forward by the Bar 
in connection with rights of 
audience in the higher courts". 

The Law Society's stance 
“tacitly recognizes” the 
strength of the Bar’s argument 
that only advocates with 
specialist training and experi- 
ence should be allowed to take 
cyan; in the higher courts, he 

These bnfldhts workers who commute from Yorkshire bring a level of craftsmanship which their employers say cannot 

tradesmen (Photograph: John Rogers) 

from London 

Life in the fast lane for Yorkshire’s brickies 

Lawyers sued in 
kidnappping case 

By Oar Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The High Court will rale 
today in a test case brought by 
a woman against her 
husband’s solicitors for al- 
leged negligence which led to 
her two children being kid- 
napped and taken abroad 
without hope of return. 

The case, which could go to 
the Court of Appeal and even 
the House of Lords, has fer- 
reaching implications for the 
legal profession. 

It tests new ground on two 
fronts: whether a firm of 
solicitors owes any duty of 
care to another firm’s client 
and is therefore able to be sued 
for negligence; and secondly, it 
wfll determine whether dam- 
ages for nervous shock, usu- 
ally awarded for bereavement, 
can successfully be claimed for 
the “loss” of children who 
have been abducted. 

The woman, Mrs Sophia A1 
Kandari, is suing a Bristol 
firm of solicitors, J R Brown 
& Company, for alleged neg- 
ligence in releasing her 
husband's passport in breach 
of an implied undertaking. 

As a result, she says, her 
husband kidnapped her two 

children and returned home to 
KuwaiL That was in 1981 and 
she has not seen them since. 

The case arises from di- 
vorce proceedings between the 
couple five years ago. Mrs AI 
Kan dan's solicitors, Bevan 
Hancock & Co, another Bris- 
tol firm, say that one con- 
dition of access to the two 
children, then aged 18 months 
and three and a half years, was 
that the father would lodge bis 
passport with his solicitors. 
That was because he had 
previously kidnapped the 

The father then decided to 
return to Kuwait, his home 
country, and asked for the 
children's names to be deleted 
from the passport 

His solicitors released his 
passport to a London firm of 
solicitors acting as their agents 
so it could be taken to the 
Kuwait embassy for the nec- 
essary alterations. 

The London firm agreed to 
meet Mr AI Kandari at the 
embassy to sort matters out 
but that meeting foiled to 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspondent 

A group of about 20 crafts- 
men in the building _ trade 
board a convoy of Transit vans 
in Sheffield at 4am every 
Monday, bound for the week's 
work in London. 

When they arrive, by 8am, 
they take the seats out, the 
vans become pick-up and 
delivery vehicles for materials, 
and the day begins. 

For five full days, the men , 
afrnnt a third of whom have 
been drawn directly from the 
unemployment queue, work at 
converting houses into flats in 
Phiibeach Gardens, Earls 
Court, and at 3pm on Friday 
they stop work, put the seats 
back into the vans, and are 
back a Sheffield by aboat 
7pm for the weekend. 

It is a job scheme which 
suits staff and employer wefl. 
The weekly motorway com- 
muters are wefl paid for their 
king joaraey to work and the 
employers get good results, 
high-quality craftsmanship 
completed in quick time. 

The idea came from Brian 
Hentoa, a speed merchant who 
drove Formula I raring cars 
until 1983 when be came 
fourth a the Race of Cham- 
ms at Brands Hatch and 
was not re-hired. 

Deciding that he most do 
something rise fairly speedily, 
he formed the Sheffield-b ased 
Provincial Horse Group with 
an accountant, Tony Mar sdea , 
and a builder, Clive Martin. 
They became involved in ur- 
ban renewal schemes in York- 
shire and north Derbyshire, in 
villages made redundant 
through cutbacks in mining 
and in inner dty areas, such as 
Rotherham, where they 
bought entire roads of bouses 
from the local authority, ren- 
ovated them and sold them to 
first-thne buyers. 

Expanding their activities, 
foe firm saw oppor tuniti e s for 
the conversion of houses in the 
Kensington and Earls Court 
areas of London, concentrat- 
ing on two-bedroom flats opto 

and best wishes tor 
the next 21 years! 


THORN EMI pic THORN EMI House Upper Saint.Martin’s Lane 
London WC2H 9ED Telephone 01-836 2444 

£150,000 and, just over a year 
ago, began operations. 

Mr Henton recalls that they 
considered using local labour, 
but it would be expensive and 
would not give them control of 
quality or work rate. 

“So we derided to bring our 
own men down from York- 
shire, a sort of ‘on your bike* 
We derided to pay the 
London rale for the job so that 
they would not be tempted 

away, and we put them up in 
bed and breakfast hotels dur- 
ing the week. It works very 
well, for we get the quality and 
we do the job quicker." 

Back in Yorkshire, the 
craftsmen would earn a top 
rate of about £150 a week. In 
Loudon they earn £300 to £350 
a week, the firm pays £10 a 
night bed and breakfast for 
each of them, and they pay for 
their other food. 

The team has been together 
for some time now, and as they 
work towards completing 
about 50 flats by the end of 
next year they have a time- 
table of 16 weeks for a five- 
storey house in Phiibeach 
Gardens, (faster than their 
rivals), to gut the house, and 

create five flats, one on each 
floor. The first was completed 
last week, celebrated by the 
planting of a cherry tree in the 
gardens, and work is proceed- 
ing with the next house, a few 
doors down the road, which is 
adorned with the sign 
••acquired— for conversion by 
Yorkshire craftsmen". 

The craftsmen are happy, 
and able to save money. The 
employers are happy. Brian 
Henton says: “We know of the 
quality of their workmanship 
in joinery, plastering and 
brickwork, and this attention 
to ^*1 is paying dividends. 

Although no firm date has 
yet been set, Mr Henton plans 
to float 25 per cent of the 
company on the Stock Ex- 

change. When he does so his 
employees, including those 
drawn directly from the un- 
employment queue will be 
invited to become 

“All buyers, whether miners 
in Yorkshire or professionals 
in Loudon, share a common 
requirement in their hous- 
ing — quality. 

“A typical buyer in South 
Yorkshire might well have as a 
first priority the location for 
his pigeon loft, whereas his 
southern equivalent is much 
more interested in access to 
the City and the Tnbe 

There is no provision for 
pigeon lofts in Phiibeach 

to check 
diet link 
with crime 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 


Researchers are planning to 
screen 50 people accused of 
serious offences in East Anglia 
to see if refined foods, dietary 
mineral deficiencies and poi- 
sons such as lead are linked 
with behaviour. 

One American experiment 
reduced by more than 40 per 
cent anti-social conduct such 
as fighting, lying and stealing 
among adolescent delinquents 
in 14 institutions, according to 
the Biosocial Therapy Associ- 
ation. which holds a seminar 
next weekend at the John 
Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. 

Researchers changed the 
adolescents* dieL For exam- 
ple. soft drinks, refined carbo- 
hydrates, high sugar desserts 
and cereals were removed ana 
fhiits and fruit juices in- 
troduced. Suicides ceased in 
one institution where there 
had been five in a year. 

Mrs Gail Bradley, the 
association's director, who is a 
former probation officer, took 
hair samples of her probation 
clients. Out of eight clients, all 
except one were found to have 
high lead and cadmium, 
which are known to poison the 
brain, she says. 

All showed symptoms of 
low zinc levels. Zinc is essen- 
tial in enzymes necessary to 
metabolize food, Mrs Bradley 
says. “Zinc has been shown to 
be low in the population at 
large but it seems particularly 
prevalent in hyperactivity, so 
often a condition linked with 
juvenile crime.” 

Her clients' histories also 
indicated they were short ol 
thiamine (vitamin Bl). an- 
other deficiency linked with 
juvenile delinquency. 

The International Journal o. 
Biosocial Research-, (Biosocia 
Therapy Association, Hi 
Hampstead Way. Hampsteac 
Garden Suburb. London NWJ 1 
7JN; £21.50). 


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Sleeping women 
die in store blaze 

E f ,lte “ women and One cfafldren 
"® re yesterday when fire destroyed a department 
store m the southern Philippines. 

***** **** women were saleswomen and 

**9® *“* W^tocked. Two 
people jumped from a window and were t reated for second 



^ IP** an d two boys kSfed were the children of the 
store s owner who was in Manila, about 37ft away. 

reports indicated that the fii, 
which [took IK i hours to control, was started by an electric 
store that overheated, bat arson investigators woe on the 

Rebel death claims 

Lisbon — The Mozambique rebel movement 
claims to hare killed more #t»n 500 Mozambicans, 
Zimbabwean and Cuban soldiers last week in attacks in the 
north and centre of Manunhiqne (Martha A* h *"»> wi ri*»Ht ). 

In a conmraniqa& issued in Lisbon, Renamo »l*o «»wi its 
troops had destroyed the railway line in the Berra cor rido r 
at fonr points — Donda, Tics, Maforga and Bandnhi — and 
that rail traffic between the ports of Bora and Zimbabwe 
was paralysed. 

Renamo said tire 300 troops IdDed i«n-»ntW 164 
Mozambicans, 131 Zimbabweans and 12 Caban military 
instructors. Zimbabwean troops are pMwih^ the im- 
portant Beirsi corridor that supplies Zimbabwe. 

Leading article, page 17 

Air alert Writer 


Mr Jan Raath, The 
Times correspondent m 
Harare, returned home 
yesterday, two months af- 
ter he was stripped of bis 
citizenship and expelled by 
Zimbabwean authorities 
(Nicholas Beeston writes). 

Mr Raath said his law- 
yer told him last month 
that he wonld be allowed to 
rejoin his family in Harare 
and continue his work. 

He has worked for The 
Times for the past two 
years and also writes to- 
other foreign publications. 


Osaka police have ar- 
rested Mr SeikI 
Nakagawa, the man sus- 
pected of setting off a 
grenade which amid have 
brought down a Thai Inter- 
national Airbus with, its 
246 passengers and crew 
two weeks ago. 

A police team is now in 
Manila investigating what 
is said to be a regular 
traffic in weapons from the 
Philippines to Japan. Mr 
Nakagawa is said to have 
made the rnn seven 6 mm 
before his arrest 

Africa hunger threat 

Rome (Reuter) — Many Africans could be hungrier in 
1990 than they were in I960, the United Nations Food and 
Agriculture Organization said. 

Its projections reflected problems inherent m raising 
domestic food output in line with population growth and 
expectations that foreign Mdany constraints would make 
importing of food difficult. 

Undernutrithm in these African countries was likely to 
worsen unless domestic crop production were stepped up 
and imports of food increased, according to the report 
“Agricultural Commodity Projections to 1990”. 

cut move 

Harare — Mr Robot 
Mugabe's Government is 
expected to make an 
announcement here withm 
the next fortnight on cut- 
ting off all direct airline 
flights between Zimbabwe 
and South Africa (Michael 
Hardtack writes). 

A decision is also 
awaited on the future of the 
permanent “trade mis- 
sions” — really consulates 
— the two countries main- 



Johannesburg — A youth 
aged 18 was burnt to death 
in a black residential area 
near Dmban, and there 
were continuing dashes be- 
tween rioters and police in 
Soweto at the weekend, the 
Government's Bureau to 
Information said (Michael 
Hornsby writes). 

The youth was murdered 
by other blacks using the 
“necklace” method — a 
petrol-soaked tyre 
tire neck. 

Falklands top agenda 
for American states 

From Martha Honey, 
e latest dispute between 
La and Argentina over the 
and Islands is expected 
minute the Or ganizati on 
jnerican States ann ual 
bog which opens in 
emala City today, 
requested by Argentina, 
will be a special meeting 
e organization's Penna- 
Coundl which is ootn- 
1 of foreign ministers 
the member states, 
is extraordinary session, 
luled for tomorrow, is 
rted to pass a resolution 
al of Britain. In addition 
General Assembly will 
e the Falkland issue as it 
very year since the 1982 


e new crisis has erupted 
Britain's declaration of a 
lautical-mile fishing zone 
id the islands. Argentina, 
sting that the zone over- 
vitb its territorial waters, 
^activated its 150-year- 
aim to the islands, 
high-ranking Western 
mat in Guatemala said 
Britain “has no support 
soever from Latin Ain ex- 
bur does have a “tittle 
>rt“ from some Carj b- 
members of the otganiz- 
. He said the role of the 

San Jos&, Casta Rica 
United States at the con- 
ference, where Britain is not 
represented, will be “pressure 
to tone down the resolution". 

One of two versions of the 
resolution is likely to be 
passed. The first alternative 
would support Argentina's 
claim for sovereignty, while 
the second would call for 
Britian and Argentina to nego- 
tiate a peaceful settlement and 
to discuss the question of 
sovereignty over foe islands. 

Diplomatic sources say that 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher finds 
both resolutions “unaccept- 
able” while the second alter- 
native would “probably be 
acceptable" to the Reagan 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, is due to 
attend the beginning of the 
five-day meeting and is ex- 
pected to hold private talks 
with Senor Dante Caputo, the 
Argentine Foreign Minister. 

Wefl-infonned sources say 
the other tomes likely to be 
/TicniwH dining the organiz- 
ation’s 1 6th annual session are 
the war in Nicaragua and the 
stalemate of the Contadora 
Group peace effort Latin 
America's externa) debts and 
drug trafficking. . 

OAS future in doubt 

From Michael Ssnth, lima 

America and the Caribbean is 
the only region in the world 
which does not have a forum 
for independently co-ordinat- 
ing its political said economic 

The Organization of Ameri- 
can States, with head offices in 
Washington, has turned into a 
bureaucratic blind alley, crit- 
ics say. 

In the recent past, regional 
leaders have become dissatis- 
fied with the OAS. This 
reached a watershed in 1982 
when the Falklands conflict 
showed that Washington was 
prepared to aWde_ by its 
commitments to Britain be- 
adhering to regional 

momentum is 
rm a new Latin 
inization to nn- 
m’s leverage for 
nic and trade 
as increase its 
world power 

nesting of the 
pan Economic 
5-member eco- 
linating body, 
late to Peru’s 
ter. Senor Allan 
jnd out specific 
b other coun- 
■gBCe of foreign 
i evaluate them 

larda of Peru 

France still the odd man out in response to Syrian terror 

Moment of truth 

£EC resolve 

by Andrew McEwen V . 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

Europe’s mettle in the face 
of Syrian-sponsored terrorism 
faces a crucial test today. 

If the 12 EEC nations have 
the will to resist Syrian at- 
tempts to divide them, their 
foreign ministers will dem- 
onstrate it by banning arms 
sales to Damascus. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretory, will press 
to adoption of four measures, 
including the arms ban, at 
today's meeting in London. 

His fade is to convince them 
that a show of European polit- 
ical courage holds the best 
hope of discouraging further 
state-sponsored ventures. 

Syria is seen by many diplo- 
mats as playing European 
nations off a gains* each other, 
France being particularly vul- 

Anything less than adoption 
of the arms ban by at least 10 
of the 12 would mean reprisal 
threats emanating from Dam- 
ascus tost week had succeeded. 

Sir Geoffrey's package pro- 
vides a second chance for the 
12 to disprove widely held 
suspicions that the EEC is no 
match for President Assad of 
Syria. The first attempt, at a 
foreign ministers* meeting in 

M Chirac (second from right), at a dinner hosted by the Jewish Institution of France with the Israeli Ambassador, Mr Sofer 
Ovadia (right). Chief Rabbi Rene Samuel of France (second from left), and former Premier, M Laurent Fabius. 

Chirac denial fails to convince critics 

Sir Geoffrey asked his 1 1 
partners for support after 
severing relations with Dam- 
ascus over Syrian involve- 
ment in an attempt to blow up 
an El Al airliner, but only the 
two mildest proposals were 

These were that the Syrian 
Ambassador to London and 
his staff should not be accred- 
ited by any of the 1 2 after their 
expulsion from London, and 
that the EEC should express 
“a common sense of outrage." 

Even that was too strong for 
Greece, which abstained. Ath- 
ens has stronger ties to Arab 
governments than most Euro- 
pean capitals. 

Since then British dip- 
lomats have lobbied hard fora 
show of unity at today’s meet- 

British diplomats concede 
that it would be a major step 
for Mr Theodoras Pangalos, 
the Greek minister for Euro- 
pean Affairs, to associate him- 
self with the arms ban. 

Other measures called for 
are a ban on visits by senior 
Syrian officials to European 
capitals, tighter security mea- 
sures against Syrian Arab Air- 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

There have been so many 
recent rumours, contradic- 
tions and denials surrounding 
France's policy towards ter- 
rorism and the Middle East 
that few people here believe 
the latest semi-denial by M 
Jacques Chirac, the Prime 
Minister, of the comments 
attributed to him by The 
Washington Times . 

In an article in Friday's 
edition of foe American paper, 
MrArnaud de Borchgrave, foe 
paper’s editor, claimed M 
Chirac told him that, accord- 

ing to the West German Chan- 
cellor, Herr Kohl, and foe 
German Foreign Minister. 
Herr Genscher, the bomb plot 
on foe El Al plane at the heart, 
of foe Hindawi affair was not' 
foe work of Syria but of the 
Mossad, the Israeli secret 
service, aided by opponents of 
the Syrian regime. 

The article made it dear 
that M Chirac also espoused 
that view. In subsequent de- 
nials M Chirac initially said 
foe “interpretation" of bis 
comments to Mr de Borch- 
grave were “totally without 

foundation", and later said Mr 
de Borchgrave had gone “way 
beyond" what he had told 

M Chirac denies having 
claimed that the Mossad was 
behind the Hindawi affair. 
“Neither the Germans nor foe 
French have ever imagined 
such 3 thing. It is quite 
absurd," be said. 

However, he has not specifi- 
cally denied that he has doubts 
about the Syrians' responsibil- 
ity for foe affair, despite his 
Foreign Minister's comments 
on Fridav th 2 t Britain had 

Khomeini’s intimations of mortality 

By Robert Fisk, Middle East Correspondent 

Ayatollah Khomeini yes- 
terday attempted to quell the 
growing power struggle among 
the clergy in Iran by deiirering 
a rare and unusually brief 
sofiloqqy on foe fridentaoe of 
his health and the inevitability 
of his own death. 

It lasted only seven mantes 
and the sound of wailing coaid 
be heard behind the micro- 
phones of Tehran Radio as the 



^ Republic would otolne his own 

• BONN: Chancellor Kohl of dunte. 

West Germany and Prime The Ayatollah spoke in a 
Minister Chirac of France said low m o n o tone hut there was bo 
yesterday that they expected it trace in his voice of recent EB- 
would be possible to achieve health or of the heart attack 
solidarity on common action which he apparently suffered 
by the EEC countries agains t tfck summer, even though be 
syria (John England writes), referred to this in his state- 

ment “Every day there are 
rumours that tfck and that has 
happened, that so and so has 
had a heart attack, that so and 
so is on his death bed." he 
said. “So let it be. Of course 
death comes to everyone, and 
to me too . . . this is some- 
thing that happens and you 
will see that, God willing, foe 
Islamic Repablk wffl remain.” 

The thrust of the Aya- 
tollah's brief address was that 
Iran's future belonged to no 
single individual, a fed some- 
what belied by his own life and 
by foe ambitions of his pos- 
sible successors. The Revolu- 
tionary Guards amid be heard 
over the radio, chanting: “Oh 
God, Oh God, until MehdTs 
revolution, keep Khomeini”; 
Mehdi — or “foe Mahdi” as be 
is more popularly pronounced 

in the West — is the twelfth 
imam whom Shia Muslims 
believe will return on Judge- 
ment Day. 

“Our enemies must under- 
stand that tire Islamic Repub- 
lic from now on — in fact from 
the beginning — has been 
stabilized and is not dependent 
on any person but on foe 
people and the armed forces,” 
the Ayatollah said. Even the 
bomb attack on the head- 
quarters of tire Islamic Repub- 
lican Party in 1981 — iu which 
75 people had died — had not 
disrupted Iran. 

• TEHRAN: Regarding 
the prolonged conflict in the 
Gulf, foe Ayatollah said war 
against Iraq was a religions 
duty, and would continue even 
after he was gone (Renter 

provided “sufficiently con- 
vincing proof" for France to 
be able to manifest its solidar- 
ity with Britain at today's EEC 
Foreign Ministers' meeting in 

M Chirac does not deny 
having spoken to Mr de 
Borchgrave. but insists that he 
did not accord him an official 
interview, and that their con- 
versation was supposed to 
have been “off the record.” 

He thought Mr de Borch- 
grave’s tape recorder was 
switched on, he said. 

Referring to a similar in- 
cident with an Israeli journal- 
ist in August, who likewise 
reported alleged comments by 
the French Prime Minister in 
an “off foe record” conversa- 
tion, M Chirac said; “Such 
things happen. I've already 
been foe victim of such a 

Socialists have been de- 
manding a full explanation of 
the circumstances surround- 
ing the Washington Times 

• Story denied: The Foreign 
Office yesterday dismissed as 
“fantastic" allegations in a 
Sunday newspaper that a high 
level Iranian delegation had 
visited London to negotiate a 
deal for sophisticated British 
arms (Nicholas Beeston 

The Observer reported that 
foe delegation had recently 
visited Britain with foe know- 
ledge of foe Foreign Office to 
buy tanks, heavy artillery and 





along the Rhine face a water 
shortage because their wells 
have been dosed, foe National 
Rhine Safety Commission is 
to meet in Bonn today to 
discuss foe pollution disaster. 

The commission consists of 
representatives of six Land 
(state! governments and Herr 
Walter Wallmann. foe new 
Federal Minister for the 
Environment, who will also 
have talks with foe Chemicals 
Industry Association in Bonn 

• GENEVA: Carrying ban- 
ners proclaiming “We do not 
want to be tomorrow's fish” 
demonstrators paraded 
through the centre of Basle on 
Saturday to foe headquarters 
of the Sandoz chemical com- 
pany (Alan McGregor writes). 

The demonstrators were in- 
censed by reports that at least 
200 gallons of a toxic liquid 
containing mercury had 
leaked into the river foe 
previous day from a retention 
basin at the plant The Rhine 
was briefly coloured red. as it' 
was after the November 1 fire. 

• AMSTERDAM: Dutch en- 
gineers closed sluices and 
locks yesterday to protect foe 
country's extensive waterways 
from contamination by toxic 
waste travelling down the 
Rhine from Switzerland (Reu- 
ter reports). 


Inter-vJewish rivalry 

Bright boy who 
turned ‘traitor’ 

From Iau Murray, Jerusalem 

Israeli police last night de- 
nied that Mr Mordechai 
Vanunu was in their custody 
or in any prison run by toe 
Prisons Service, indicating 
that he is being held in one of 
the wings ofa prison raider the 
control of Shin Bet, the 
rounter-infelligmce agency, 
which does not come under 
foe jurisdiction of the police 
or Prisons Service. 

There is unlikely to be any 
meaningful outcry in Israel, 
where Mr Vanunu is regarded 
across the political spectrum 
as a traitor who sold state 

Mr Vanunu: Resentment 

a gainst the Ashkenazis. 

secrets for money and to 
honour a mistaken moral code 
he learned on being converted 
to Christianity in August. 

The only serious public 
concern is that a man who has 
now been shown to have so 
rebellious a past could have 
obtained a top secret job at the. 
nuclear research centre and to 
have kept it for nearly 10 
years, despite evidence that he 
was both pro-communist and 

It is doubtless as a result of 
this obvious security lapse 
that the senior Shin Bet of- 
ficial responsible for vetting 
personnel at the Dimona 
centre b now reported to have 
been sacked. 

Mr Vanunu arrived in Israel 
as a boy of eight from Mo- 
rocco, where his devout 
Orthodox parents had been 
well-to-do business people. 
They had emigrated to Israel 
24 yean ago and found them- 
selves not welcomed in style, 
but bundled off to Beersheva. 

The boy was bright but as 
he grew he began to harbour 
an increasing resentment for 
the East European Ashkenazi 
Jews, whom he believed were 
allowed to settle in better areas 
and to find better jobs thanks 
to help from a Government 
dominated by Ashkenazis. 

These resentments led him 
as a student to support left- 
wing anti-Zionist politics. He 
became a Co mmunist and 
joined demonstrations. 

Given this background it 
must be astonishing that he 
was able to find work at 
Dimona, where security is 
obviously so cruciaL It was 
only at the end of last year that 
he was dismissed from 
Dimona for instability and, 
even so, when he left sailed 
away from Israel, last January, 
there is no sign that he was 
regarded as a security risk. 

In Australia he contacted 
Newsweek magazine and said 
that “for the good of the 
world” be was ready to sell a 
story about Israel's nuclear 
capacity. He broke off dis- 
cussions because, he said, be 
was “too frightened to go 

It was about this time that 
he dropped into an old An- 
glican church in foe Kings 
Cross area of Sydney and 
became a member.He took 
part in discussion groups and 
it was during one of these that 
he revealed his connection 
with Dimona. News of* this 
reached a South American 
journalist who offered to act as 
an agent for the story and went 
to Madrid where he contacted 
The Sunday Times. 

Unsatisfied about how 
much he was personally to 
receive, he contacted foe Sun- 
day Mirror . , which published a 
report on September 28. A 
week later The Sunday Times 
story appeared but by then Mr 
Vanunu had disappeared. 

He had checked into the 
Monntbatteo Hotel in Covent 
Garden on September 25 
under the name of Forester, 
but appears to have broken 
over by going to the Sunday 
Mirror. On September 3a 
after two long telephone calls 
to foe Church in Sydney and a 
shorter call to The Sunday 
Times he voluntarily checked 
out of his hoteL 




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From John England 


Safely measures al the 

Sandoz chemicals plant in 

wf ■ 

Basle, where a fire led to - 
serious pollution of foe Rhine 


were insufficient, according to • 


an internal report of the West * 

ex. ex- 

German Chemicals Industry 

nd rose 


jwfo in 

The report, disclosed yes- 

■as an 

terday by foe Social Demo- 

l Tu ro- 

cratic Party fSPD) in Bonn, 

of foe 

said that the storage building 

from 7 

where foe fire broke oul had 

*nt and 

no vessels to catch leaking 


chemicals, no automatic 

tgjes is 

sprinklers and no automatic 


smoke or beat- warning syst- 
em. ; 

d mil- 

The building, known as 956, 


contained agricultural chemi- 


cals stored along one of its 

ied to 

walls and other raw materials 


along foe other. Only about 1 0 


yards away was another store * 

it not 

containing sodium, add chlo- 
ride and other water-sensitive 

lIs are 


f this 

Herr Volker Hauff, foe dep- 


uty SPD parliamentary floor 


leader, said: “Sodium and 

nres- . 

water make a highly-explosive 


mixture. We have once again 
scraped past a great 

f £70 



The assodauon report said : 

»r the 

foe investigation into foe 

ad to 

cause of foe fire would prob- 


ably take weeks. 


Meanwhile, as many West 

lea cl- 

German towns and villages 

rc ted . 

4 - 


Cairo manoeuvre 



m wwmm 


" it . 1 j 





health services. 

The IMF and the Worid 
pari V are also insisting that tbe 
Egyptian pound be pegged to a 
more realistic dollar excgmg 
rate — in the region of xx. J.w 
to the dollar, the presentWack 

market rate. Officially the rate 
is £E1J5 to the dollar. 

• CAIRO: Bom in 1930, Mr 
Setflti graduated in law at 
Cairo University (Reuter re- 
ports). He obtained his doc- 

X ■ - '-2 

Kennedy chooses 
his committee 


j^m -■.’V ^ 

iTh ^ 


to'iTnh i 

mp*lff vni'i xm 

■ 3*5S3Su3S9 


Vii 4* j Cviito 
p t ! -J 

contender in 1988. 

Hamburg poll under close scrutiny 

A r t u e Social Demo- men voters, who make up55 

Bonn - Voters in the city- power ® cent of the 125 miHion 

state of Hamburg went to the TQvears. electorate, by finding an all- 

polls. ye^A *' tad S^ScandidirtB. 

^January and one whicball “ ** The Frte Democrats (FEW, 

S-^SSTKSfa iSss STSSSi” 

their national standing (John 

rir<TWin«; nl*i l 








John Menzies 

Scottish Amicable manage pension funds for 

hundreds of big companies. ^ 

Pension Funds involve the careful investment 

of millions of pounds. . __ 

So before these companies choose an invest- 
ment team they call In financial experts to 

advise them. . . ^ 

The financial experts look at the investme 
records of all the leading firms before recom- 
mending the best one. . * : 

Over the years, more and more experts hav 

recommended us. 

In fact, the number of companies inviting 
pension funds with us has increased by five times 

since 1981. . 

Ask any independent financial adviser about 

Scottish Amicable. . 

He’ll tell you that we’ll invest your money just 
as wisely as we invest any large company’s. 

And it won’t matter whether you’ve got a 
pension, a savings plan or an endowment for 

a mortgage. x _ . 

Because whatever the policy, weVe got a fund 

of experience. 


rv i cgjj. 





Geoffrey Smith 

The Denwcn^wv ere- 


1'1 ■ » ' ■ ■ IB 

mouths, a- 

Sl Kvii'il 
mr Tvi 


Bat in poBfes it fcj™ 
mnearauccs that are toe true 

Democndsappeared to 
tnomph: *erdbre fl*y^ 

newbope and couMjoce as 

" ; [ I [ -O t > 

i Titrr 

i- L* o- -.-Vi.n_ 


I j " ' > ' ‘-t ■■ i n 


Khwang Central Prison. 



Reykjavik (AFP) - Two of 
Iceland's four whaling boats 
were found sunk yesterday 
morning in Reylgavik har- 
bour, Icelandic radio reported. 

It said sabotage was sus- 
pected. The boats, of winch 
only the prows were vwioie, 
attracted hordes ofatfilseets. 

Typhoon toll 

Dhaka r ]EUrera:Pc»pje 

were kifled and more than 50U 

wounded when a typhoon 
ladied scons of coastal vil- 
lages and offshore isla nds m 
southern Bangladesh, wmp- 

Bgpgal (Ahmed Fad writes). 

Six arrested 

Sydney (AFP) - ■ Six Green- 
protesters, including a 

an attempt 

Democrats lack an 
agenda for action 

It wiB 'be more difficult to 
convey such an impnssmn 

this tine. The Democrats did 

Mt win the Senate because 
they were swept abng on any 

nafjm ral CUIlCgt. Tfaff VKtiiry 

recovered ecstfw , . 

aeeada far action and toe 
deefe® in party discipline 
would make it harder these 

days to build a posive record 
Jar 1988 even if they did have 
an agenda. 

On anna control, far exam- 
ple, different Democrats are 
fffcrfy to attack toe Adnun- 
btration from contradictory 
standpoints. The influential 
Senator Sam Nana, vri®o is 
expected to become the new 
chairman of toe Armed Ser- 
vices Committee, will be 
critidziBg toe President far 
What he was prepared to 
negotiate away at Reykjavik. 
But those on toe liberal wmg 
of toe party are likely to 

So mny thoaghtfnl Demo- 
crats have more modest am- 
bitions fw the new Seoatento 

so much to construct awj»»ang 
programme for 1988 as to 
avoid a losing record. 

With toe Democrats now m 

Congress they could easily 
find themselves being Warned 

for everything that goes wrong 

in toe next couple of year^ 
They therefore need to avoid 
appearing either too factional 
among themselves or too 
disruptive in their leadings 
with a President who will stiB 

be immensely popular. 

Fear 9f appearing 
as Mg spenders 

Vff v* 

They will want to give even 
m ore feelp to the farmers,, but 
they cannot afford to gain a 
reputation as trig spenders. 
They will press far more.tnde 
protection, bat they com 
suffer in the tong-run if they 
just looked like a hunch of 

political opportunists. 

But if toe Democrats to 
Congress do fallow a prudent 
strategy It would mean that the 


Kinshasa (AFP) - 

sentenced to death vfor 
decapitating a friend with a 
foaschet effort to initiate 
him tQ.gmgiC- , 

Jeep sale 

jeep, a Sino-US joint venture 
♦hat almost failed earlier this 


a - r-Tv tTiTiB rT> i iT-JCT-ji >’■ \ i 







year due to a foreign-exchange 
shortaff, will export for toe 
finttiaue when it sdls 31 Jeeps 

to South America, the People’s I hopcfaUy than ever before 
Daily ffiA . I fc—wte urn " 5 

towards 1988. 

10 1986 

pTmT i 



World’s largest hydroelectric project 

Caracas breaks grip of oil 

. : • v • . * 

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eop2e d emon str at ing their support for President Aqmoo on a march 
Park m Manila yesterday amid rumours of a plot to depose her. 

Gun (Renter) - Venezuela 
opened the world's largest 
hydroelectric complex yes- 
terday, the Gmi dam project, 
designed to spar Venezuela ’s 
industrial development and 
redace tfs refiance on ofl. 

Is a ceremony m the Gaa- 
yan a region, 400 miles sooth- 
east of Caracas, President 
Jaime * wcinrhi gave the order 
to open the dam's floodgates, 
sending the waters of the 
Caroni River rushing down the 
530 ft-high spahmy. 

“We should fed wefl sat- 
isfied with ev ery t hin g ach- 
ieved here la Gnri. This frill 
penult os to diversify oar 
economy, res cui ng it from 

dependence on petroleum,'' 
President Losndii said in a 
speech marking the event. 

“We are witn e ssin g an event 
of colossal dimensions and 
importance for the country,” 
the president of die Venezue- 
lan Investment Fmad (FTV), 
Sefior Hector Hurtado said. 

The 10,300-megawatt 
hydroelectric plant wBl be the 
world's largest until Brazil's 
ftaipn project, frith a 12,000 
megawatt capacity, starts op 
later in the decade. 

The dam holds back a 
gigantic reservoir covering an 
area almost twice the size of 

Power from Gnri friD supply 
70 per cent of Venezuela's 
energy needs and is expected 
to save 300,000 barrels a day 

in domestic o3 consumption 
within two years. 

More importantly, the dam 
provides cheap electric power 
for the country’s iron, steel, 
and aluminium industries, 
centred in Ciudad Guayana, 
50 mOes north-east of Gnri. 

“Gnri is not jnst the saving 
of petroleum and assured en- 
ergy at low cost It also 
represents an extr aor dinary 
multiplying factor for the 
growth and modernization of 
many industries,” President 
Lnsznchi said. 

Officially known as the 
Rani Lemri Dam after the 
Venezuelan President who be- 

\ VENEZ ^rr^^o 

CO^^A"*7jp GU L^i 

gaa the project, Gnri cost an 
estimated $5 billion (£33 bil- 
lion) and took a total of 25 
years to complete in various 

But the investment has 
helped to turn the country into 
an important industrial power, 
reduced its dependence on ofl 
and provided momentum for 
its future as a democracy. 

The Gnri anchors the 
type of thriving industrial 

complex envisioned by former 
President Romoln Betancourt, 
who set out to create a new 
Venezuela after the foil of 
dictator Marcos Perez Jime- 
nez in 1958. 

Thanhs to its cheap energy, 
Venezuela created the world's 
eighth hugest aluminium com- 
plex at nearby Ciudad Gna- 

yana, as well as file gjanl Sidor 
steelworks. What was once a 
collection of hots on the edge 
of the Orinoco in a sweltering 
scrubland at the river’s con- 
fluence with the Caroni, is now 
a Venezuelan boomtown. 

“Gnri was made during the 
democracy, by the democracy 
and at the service of demo- 
cracy,” Senor Leopoldo Sucre 
Figarella, president of foe 
G oayana Region Development 
Corporation (CVG), said. 

Some 30 per cent of the 
financing came from outride 
the country, including Jeans 
from the World Bank, Inter- 
American Development Bank 
and private foreign banks. 

Electriddad del Caroni 
(Edelca), the state firm which 
built and will administer the 
dam, has acquired a foreign 
debt of $800 million (£559 

The actual dam, combined 
with surrounding earth dams, 
will have a span of about 4A 
miles, officials said. The arti- 
ficial lake held back by foe 
dam has an area of 1326 
square miles. 


■. . . 


■\/ r 'da 


n»u ■ n'rfjfe 


Zhao asks Japan to cut 
$4bn trade deficit 

. Peking (Reuter) -- The Chi- 
nese Prime Minister, Mr Zhao 
Zryang, forecast yesterday foal 
China would have a $4 billion 
trade deficit with Japan this 
year and called on Tokyo to 
buy, w»ri and invest more in 
C hina, informed Japanese 
sources said. • 

Mr Zhao told the Japanese 
Prime Minister, Mr Yasuhiro 
N aknso ne. who left yesterday 

afternoon after a 25-hour vist 
to China, that the trade deficit 
was the most serious problem 
in Sino-Japanese relations. 

The forecast defiat was well 
down on last year’s nearly 
Sfibfilion, but Mr Zhao said 
this was partly because overall 
trade volume was down. He 
said Japan must help m 
achieving balanced bilateral 
trade while China endea- 
voured to reform its trading 
system and improve foe qual- 
ity of its exports. 

The sources said Mr Zhao 
also recommended that Japan 
should boost sofHoan dev-, 
elopment financing to Chma 

in 1991, following the end of a 
seven-year, 470 billion yen 
($2.14 billion) loan at 3.5 per 
cent annual interest, which 
began in 1984, 

Despite some increase of 
Japanese investment in China 
in the last few years and 
Chinese efforts to make con- 
ditions for this more attrac- 
tive, Mr Zhao said the scale of 
such investment was still 
highly inadequate. 

Japanese sources said Mr 
Nakasone promised to study 
Mr Zhao's proposals and said 
there would be plenty of time 

to discuss the request for extra 


He cited high Chinese taxes 
as one reason why Japan's 

investments in China were not 

said unreliable supplies lim- 
ited the purchase of imp or ts 
from China. 

Despite the catalogue of 
demands prese nt ed by Mr 
Than, foe new China News 

Agency reported the exchange 

in a moderate tone. 











ex, ex- 
Jid rose 
jwth in 
res an 
of the 
from 7 
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tgles is 
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10 mil- 
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its are 




Massive force 


mark 25 years 

of Sandinistas 

Nicaragua cororaemoxat^ 
the 25th anniversary of the 
foundation of the Sandimsta 
National LiherationF^nton 

Saturday with the biggest aisr 



cide to settle his differences 
with the Sandinistas through 
direct military intervention. 

For anyone who missed the 
point, President Daniel Or- 
r ,I_J :« yvnt in his 



Paradox a legacy 
of the demi-god 

t4rk b gtJR revered as a 

AM *5jZ?£ ST ££ 

i.riT , ■ • 


Serif Madia, wbj 

. , ¥ . .. t:# " 

bSe a^d-Srciaft batteries and do so by committing Amen- 
SSttfSS "'Ldinis* From is 

^tESS^ <«*»»* 


JL .•’rii'.ic'i -1 


as ■ day-®- 

. <rf betatiqar, o» 


sqrpniBcu n 

nods, wl 

re rri«Mns 
bidi seek to 

ons on snow - 

of military sophistication tare 
in a country of only three 
mfllion people. 

It was watched by guests 
from political parties* “dera- 
tion movements from au 
counuies and by a crowd of 
tens of thousands packed into 
Managua’s Carlos Fonseca 
pitnamed after the original 
leader of the Sandimstan 
revolution whose death in 
combat 10 years ago was also 
commemorated by the event 
The Nicaraguan Army 
dearly wanted to demonstrate 
to Washington what an invad- 
ing force would be up against 
should President Reagan de- 

speecn, win,.** — - - - 

listing the achievements of the 
party over its 25 years, drew 
little response from a throng 
which is usually voluble in 
support of its Government on 
big occasions. 

The Nicaraguan leader 
made a strong appeal for 
world peace, urging countries 
to support the Soviet Union s 
initiatives for reducing nu- 
clear arms. 

He also appealed to the 
nations of Central America 
not to “turn themselves into 
instruments of a suicidal 
policy" by abandoning the so* 
called Contadora peace effort. 

N rumru P troops pr acusu^ iU * " 

Delhi holds British Sikh for more 



A British Sikh housewife, whowasantstedaj&ee^rf woe nothing more 

who ranintodeep trouble tastweekand mnW mu ^ pu ^ s from > local 
with India’s highly sensitive ^^^‘c^vatiireOT Londra^njatanCT^CT 

.ssrafesg ggSShs 

tofimhe.qu^cnmgabom JJaStteM* , 

£*££“3” rasss 

“Jntorfbrts.ofthefiieiids * Ascariffi?. Vserie? of 

Sn^u^Sspidon ate IW ** *_ 

intelligence sources to the 

met two hardline tejong 
recently, and dtsatss ed wit h 
t frwu ways to finance terrorist 

activities in India. • 

Leaks such as tote sremade 
to sdected Indian newspapos 

in an effort to impro ve the 
image of the security fi«e, 

and to make it easier to obtain 


between discos «» 
o««. and where the; 
Bosporus Brid» 

tlm dSanuaed effwtto^an 

gLS2Sf* ^ P STt£ 

tt« people* 


of TsOmbul and on mnvexsny 
campuses. K fa *&> JSl 

SpSSrity ssa^SSa 

Kttaristag infl«?ce of tte 


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A sharp intake: 

134 direct flights a week. 

More destinations and frequency 
fo France than any other airline. 
That includes London to Paris - up 
to nine flights in all - each way 

And there are now direct flights 
to Paris from Aberdeen and 
Edinburgh,' Dublin, Birmingham 
and Manchester 

Quick but nevertheless com- 
fortable. Basically (or rather 
luxuriously), because weVe now 
upgraded Economy Cios> on 
our London-Paris route. Not only 
giving you more legroom but also 
adding insight catering with com- 
plimentary wine or drinks. 

Just one call books your flight, 
hotel, hire car 

Air France. Breathe the words. 

SgTml the intern* >» 

caned technocrat who Is Tur- 
key’s Prime Mtessaavse®!® 
determined to M - 

Community soon, 
inn lewir to have ft known 
fliathefaapnwt MggM«jj^ 
definitely Was tewM -^ **** 
lest month, he fa— d ft f!” 
omtary to wfag JjgB; 

tsnbul that Mam I*****"® 
thresrt. M Even in Ottoman 
times toe slate managed to 
keep refigio* under control, 
he told them. : .. 

It is true Oat Eemal Ata- 

their own consoenc&Bej aw 
not tefl tire 

can send his dan ghtg,^ ^ 

17 to the cinema unescorted. 
Tta Koran does." 

The Turkish peasants wno 



The Tnridsh GomuMft 
response was.P 08 ^^*^ 

eompidsoiy un 

1982 c ^ titntio S: r SSSt 

mftofdefereitoeforft^ d ^ 
secularist Army, n . sw "v: 

5Srt^«teiBg to 

tarild places of worship- 

A decree now empowers ore 

‘ ' nnHee to sB?«vise public 

1 SSSifc fa • *2 

; SScot of fae Koran, htonrt 

[ of ff*e Swiss dvfl code enfor«d 

1 bv Atotfirit* The courte are 

I taking a inorereta—dw"®*^ 

, . toeneffrities of refigioos ot- 
1 siers which off— come m 
a couffict with the laws protect- 
» iug secularism. 



i- Tomorrow. Appeal to young 

Boat gang 
held for 
art thefts 



Run Christopher Mosey 

One of toe most daring, 
TOQ-pUmMd art robberies in 
Swedish criminal hi^oiy^P 

the woto of a gang of youths 

aged 18-20, Stockholm police 
alleged yesterday . 

Police said toe gang nsed a 

speedboat to raid amuseumm 

Stockholm dedicated to 


Family who was both artist 
and collector. . 

They broke in, setting OH an 

alar m, tO Steal WOIKS by 

French artists Delacrora, 
Rousseau, Corot and Deram 
worth hundreds of thousands 

of pounds, and leaying behmd 

less revered paintings by toe 
Prince himself . 

They then made their es- 
cape by sea as police arrived 

by land. The raid took only an 

estimated three minutes 
When toe gang had troume 

said all toe canvases tad now 
been recovered but .ttai toe 
Derain had been damaged- 
Three youths hay® been 
charged, a fourth is being 
questioned. Police mud toe 

— - .i.n nmiriVilr mr a 

threat of 
party ban 

w"i — _ x f iim ntfa—iTiirTf* 

From A Correspondent 

The Pakistan Government 
may ban all communal and re- 
gional nationalist political 
groups in Pakistan after test 
week’s violent ethnic clashes 
in Sind Province, in which 
more than 55 died. 

The Prime Minister, Mr 
Mohammed Khan Junejo, 
told a rally in Hyderabad at 
the weekend that his Govern- 
ment may ban 25 political and 
youth organizations, mainly 
in Sind, which were openly 
propa gating and fanning par- 
ochial ideolopes”. 

The ban would will also 
include the Sind Baloch Pas- 
ton FronUed by Mr Mumtaz 
Bhutto, the unde of toe 
opposition leader, Miss Bena- 
zir Bhutto. 


senes of other highly pro- 
fessional robberies. 

Another gang of 25 youthf ul 
skinheads has been arrested 
following a series of attacks on 
H^mionnts in Stockholm, 




KgK"t 1SEC rSpTTta 

, | pohtfaalgrtwiw- 

Dhaka parties on the 
| march against Ershad 

Frmn Ahmed Fail Dhaka 


Bangladesh’s main opposi- 
tion parties have pushed on 
with their campaign to unseat 
President Ershad as the mili- 
tary Government put the final 
touches to a Bill w hich will 
pave toe way for the lifting of 
martial law next Wednesday. 

More than 5,000 people 
c a rryi n g flaming torches and 
shouting slogans fin- democ- 
racy, tpaerihaH through the 
streets' of Dhaka yesterday 
despite riot police and strong 
winds. . 

The procession, organized 
by toe opposition affiances 
and the fundamentalist Jam- 
ynflT- i-Isfcmi party, came -on 
the eve of a six-hour general 
strike scheduled to begin at 
dawn today in -protest at an 
attempt by General Ershad to 

*» - - — * « ikvmeAvral Fnw 

From Ahmed Fari, Dhaka 

rwrin opposi- wito a massive victory in the. 
s pushed on October 15 election which was 
ign to unseat boycotted by the opposition, 
as the mili - Sheikh Hasina, who con- 
put the final trols 95 seats in the 330- 
1 which will member House, vovwd to stay 
the lifting of away from Paifiament when it 
Wednesday, convenes today. ■ , 

i 000 neoble “We will not allow General 
,tan±£^Sd Ei^tad ^ 
i fin- demoo- Sheikh Hasma sud. . < Ottos 
through toe who have announced that they 
lea yesterday *21 Rfa® boycott Pariiameat 

ceandSong Include toe JammaH-Islarm 

who have 10 seats. 

ml organized General Ershad has threat- martial W toe 
Jratalist Jam- opposbon unite w Nock toe 
rtv came on passing of toe Bill, which .» 


nrntMi an -GovemmenL 


158 New Bond Street London W1Y 0AY 7 oflll Preste/* 344150. 

Heathrow Airport: 01-7592311. Monchesfen 06T^36380a Co^oBoolangst 01^972811. ML 34^50. 

v \J J 

Sheikh Haana Wazed, chief 
of the Awami League, the 
Igjmst dppositiOB group .. in 
parliament, cdtedfor General 
gr*had*s reagaatiOn anff a 
fresh' presidential ppff The. 
g ^font has been credited 


m bol t law psnrrs 

mmmuL cam 

me Connoisseur -Gaftery 
14-15 HaMi Arcade 

- umm swix sjt 

IH£PHMF 91-US,$431 




To help as many people as possible apply 

for British Gas shares,payment will be in three 


So if you opt for the ininimum investment 
of 100 shares, costing no more than £150 in 
total, your initial outlay will be £50. 

You simply pay the balance later in two 
further instalments. Of course you can apply 
for a lot more if you wish. 

If yotfre interested in applying for a share 
of the shares, fill in the coupon or phone 

This will not commit you in any way 
What it will do is make sure you are sent a 
prospectus and application form when they’re 
published on November 25th. 

And if you are a domestic British Gas 
customer, and you want to apply under the 

special Customer Share Scheme, you must 
register by phone or coupon by November 
14th, if you haveift already done so. 

I"™ please send me, without obligation, information about the Britist^ 1 ^ 
■ Gas share offer (please complete in block capitals) | 

1 (Tick) MR □ MRS □ MS □ or TITLE (Specifyl 



ADDRESS (in full). 

| Are you a British Gas customer? CD □ British G&S 
_ When complete send to: U1CK;YES NU 
I British Gas Share Information Office, 





tuic cfasON IVe been testing wine from the good eld 
British isles, and what a revelation it has been. 
a ort fmm the usual crop of nothir^ of the muddiness 1 

Kent, experienced in previous samp- 
crisp Elderflower ^ Hn g^ and, at approximately 

£3.50 a bottle, it has to be one 
pf the- best telephone wibes 

Jf you want , information on 

UilOP . ■ 

which has enjoyed a good year, 
despite the heavy rains, I have 
tried some excellent Parsnip 

from Borrowdown Manor. 

The advantage of growing 

Th * f^erabiesoa : I ; Br^Gassh^try sip P m S - ; 

these classic _v^eraw sea delicious; mellow;.. 

Of course, if youtt rather fill in 
the coupon, I suggest you try 
one of the fruitier reds. 

A particularly good one is 
the Rosehip Tea wine from 
Dunstable. Some people find 
it rather full,- but I found it 
nicely rounded, a perfect 
coupon-filling wine for. the 
colder evenings. 

While we're on the subject, 
you may or may not .know that 
British Gas shares will be paid 
for iri instalments, and how 
tetter to celebrate than with 
Lord .Henry Bewton’s very 
moreish Dahlia claret. 

Cheers, Sid, wherever you 
may be, and let’s hope .good 
news, like good winei, travels 
well. , : " Y , 

f.’-i ■•'r ^ . :: 

.. ft :■ 

.. .. .-V S 4 

„■ ••*:»■> ■■■■■;■•» <' T ••■>/. -v .. ... •< • v ( • 

• \ -4 v;. >y' VM *. 

: ■ " r v> .. •• 

.V. ; ; ^...'7. 

fc\ .r 

*£:.£ i 



!. '■■■ fi-v Xf.J-'V-'i'. JSSc'8 


. . * 



Indian state police act 
to seize 1,000 Tamils 
and arms in dawn raids 

In what is bound to be 
interpreted as a massive inter- 
vention on the side of the Sri 
lankan Government in the 
war against Tamil separatists, 
police in the south Indian 
state of Tamil Nadu have 
conducted a series of dawn 
raids on rebel guerrillas 
Sheltering in and around Ma- 
dras, the state capital 

More than 1,000 Tamil 
exiles were reported to have 
been rounded up, photo- 
graphed and later released. 
Large quantities of weapons 
were also seized. 

A number of the leaders of 
militan t organizations who 
are carrying on the war in Sri 
Lanka, were reported yes- 
terday to be under virtual 
house arrest — instructed by 
the police not to leave home, 
and with a dozen or so 
constables posted around their 

Those detained in this way 
include Mr Veflupillai Prab- 
hakaiao, the leader of the 
largest group, the Liberation 
Tigers of Tamil Eelam, and 
one of his chief lieutenants, 
Mr Anton Balasingfaam, a 
leading theoretician, and pub- 
licity overlord. 

Mr Balasingham said yes- 
terday that among arms seized 

From Michael Haralyn, Delhi 

were surface-to-air missiles 
and many heavy weapons 
which were awaiting shipment 
to the shores of Sri Lanka. 
**Tbe long-range 50mm 

K fitted to our boats have 
taken,” 'he said. “This 
means there is no protection 
on the sea for us any more.” 

The raids follow hard on the 
heels of last week’s refusal by 
the militant groups to accept 
the peace proposals offered by 
the Sri Ionian Government 
of President Jaycwardene. 

The tpdian Government of 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi has, with the 
assistance, or at least acquies- 
cence, of the Western friends 
of Sri Lanka, been bringing 
pressure on the Jayewardene 
Government to improve its 
offer to the Tamils. 

The new agreement,, ham- 
mered out in a series of 
meetings with the more mod- 
erate politicians of the Tamil 
United liberation Front, a 
distinct improvement on what 
has been suggested before. 

The Indian Government is 
accordingly annoyed that they 
should be turned down out of 
hand by the mili tants opeiat- 
ingfrom within its shores. 

Though police activity is a 
•itate subject, informed sourc- 
es reported yesterday that the 
raids were carried out with the 

knowledge and at (east the: 
tacit understanding of the 
central Government 
The immediate excuse for < 
foe raids was a shooting 
incident during Dtwali, the 
principal Hindu religious 

ofTamil militants brought out 
their AK47s when they felt 
threatened by a local dispute 
and an Indian was ldDed. 

The raids will certainly ease 
the course of discussions next 
weekend when Mr Gandhi 
said Mr Jayewardene meet in 
Bangalore for the second sum- 
mit meeting of the South 
Asian Association for Re- 
gional Co-operation. 

In Colombo, Mr Lalith 
Atimtafomudati, the Minister 
for National Security, wel- 
comed the Tamil Nadu crack- 
down. He said that the Indian 
leadership had now begun to 
isolate the guerrillas and that 
Colombo would continue to 
seek a political solution to the 

At the same time there have 
been repots of a serious build- 
up of forces in the northern 
peninsula of Jaffna, in 
preparation for what is said by 
some reports to be a renewed 
attempt to win bade control of 
the region from the rebels. 

Sabotage fear in Thai rail crash 

‘ - • ♦ \ 

• v 'V* 


Runaway railway engiuees lying on the 
platform of Bankok's Haaftnnpong main 
railway station, where they crashed at foe 
weekend killing serai people. Saboteurs may 
have sent the six driveriess diesel locomotives 
crashing through the buffers, Mr Banhara 
SOapa-Axcha, the Comnmnicafoms Minister, 
said yesterday (Nefl Kelly writes from 

Bit railway officials said they believed 

negligence by mechanics was responsible. 

The runaway engines had bees Imbed 
together in a siding after undergoing repairs. 
Mechanics working oq them went array to 
collect tools, apparently leaving one with its 
engine running mid brakes off. When it began 
moving and pulling foe other five, nuhnea 
chased after them bat the train quickly 
gathered speed and headed for the city’s mam 


Staging the Seif 

National Portrait 

“Not an fairy-tales bzgb 
*Obcc upon a time’ ”, gjotial- 
stopped the cuddly GBa 
Black, “hut ‘Darting, TO be 
late tonight’.*’ Based on 
America's Dating Gam*, and 

lit incidentally by Bryan Love, 
Blind Date (LWT) must be foe 
most immorally enjoyable 
show anxmd. Perched tike 
herons, three girls and then 
three boys sit answering ques- 
tions delivered from eblnd a 
screen by the possible embodi- 
ment of their dreams. AU four 
have signed contracts that 
tfaqy are not married nr sepa- 
rated. Because they have had a 

day to compose and answer 
these epestiosas, all four are 
relaxed ami unembarrassed - 
though their grins stretch 
towards the pawftd. 


On Saturday, treating them 
in turn like boats that might 
come in, Graham — a sight- 
dob owner and Botham 
lookatike — asked numbers 
j one, two and three what 
infarfated them most about 
men. Before long the screen 
parted between Graham and 
his choke, revealing - per- 
haps to his regret — a double- 
gfaudng credit controller coiled 
Sarah. With Sarah be will 
spend a holiday In Madrid 
though, perhaps also to Ms 
regret, tie wifi be put op in a 
different hotel and accompa- 
nied by a photographer and 

The best part of foe pro- 
gramme consists in finding; <nrt 
what happened to pfSWIS 
winners — or at least what they 
pretend happened, because 
disasters tend to be played np. 
The highlight of one couple’s 
trip on the QE2 was when they 

got lost “Are yon going to see 
each other again?”, C3U 
Black asked, mangling a few 
more consonants. “Net iff see 
him first”, came the answer. 

BBCl’s Lott Mutt* was 
fuelled by a Mind dale who 
tinned oat to be deaf as weOL 
Confidently directed by Alan 
Dosser, David Cook’s drama 
concentrated on an immigrant 
Mnstim fondly who are caaght . 
between the derive to educate 
their daughter aud their desire 
for her to enter an arr ange d 

On foe whole the perfor- 
mances were better than the 
dean-art script, ■ which re- 
quired actors to back their way 
through same extremely thick 
fines. (Using foe lowest of 
gears, Sneed and Madhur 
Jaflrey crossed patches af 
sentimentality which would 
have lagged down many a 
lesser tbesphm.) What in the 
end made this drama memo- 
rable was the performance of 
Shaheen Khan as the smoid- 
deriug daughter who dopes 
with her white teacher.. 

Loretaw (BBC2) aptly am- 
tinned its ran with a look at 
infidelity in fanr cultures, 
among them Japan, where 
65,000 Love Hotels altar 
respectable married mat to 
repair for “a short lease on 
fantasy”. Entertaining rather 
than polemical, and educa- 
tional in time — William 
Nicholson stiff gives foe air of 
a commentator who has en- 
tered his Love Hotel con- 
cerned that the voltage is right 
for Ms razor — this serins fa 
distinguished for the eloquent 
frankness of its interviewees 
and the research which has 
gone into finding them. 



audeteire was 1 con- . 
W vinced that photog- 
raphy was the graft- 
I M test gift ever to 
d' ^ narcissists, meaning 
that their face could be writ at 
last on something a tittle more 
permanent than water. Not, of 
course, that it would necessar- 
ily be their teal fece, for eyes 
in Baudelaire's time it was 
already evident that ..the al- 
leged objectivity of the photo- 
graph was an illusion, the 
photographer photographing 
what he saw rather than what 
was there. And certainly the 
National Portrait Gallery’s 
new show of selfportrait 
photography, Staging the Setf 
{until January 11), seams to 
: tell us practically everything 
we could want to know about 

Maybe reality is in the eye 
i of foe beholds; but the be- 
holder whose eye it is least 
likely to be in is the self- 
portrayer. In this show we 
have dreams and nightmares, 
disguises, equivalences, beau- 
tifications and ugjiftcanons, 
free-wheeling surrealist com- 
mentaries and, most deceptive 
of all, “unsparing", un- 
adorned portraits which bust a 
lens to show every wart and 
blemish, when everyone 
knows that passport photo- 
graphs are the last place one 
would look for the truth, or 
even an acceptable simu- 

It is irresistible to speculate 
on motivation. What kind of 
discreet megalomania drove 
Frederick Holland Day to re- 
enact foe life and crucifixion 
of Christ with himself in the 
principal role? Hippolyte Bay- 
ard’s depiction of himse lf, 
nudish, as a drowsed man 
might just be owing to the 

A touch of popular SarneaBsnc Gutmanrats h» head 
iu his month in 5-j ? Death Trap (1936) 

shortage of models for this 
kind of academic fancy-pic- 
ture. But surely Steichen’s self- 
portrait with palette and 
brush, deliberately aping fom- 
ous painterly self-portraits of 
foe past, must be impficitiy 
claiming (though in a bizanriy 
roundabout way) some sort of 
artistic equality for foe 

Others seem to have have 
disguise in mind: Cecil 
Beaton’s early self-portrait is 
the artist as a young aesthete, 
but how seriously can we take 
the intimations of mortality in 
the 1936 self portrait with a 
•droll (not to mention a mask 
and other kinds of parly rig)? 
A .number of the earner 
women photographers liked 
dressing up as men, and there 

seem to be one or two later 
men who Heed dressing up as 
women. Several had the no- 
tion — a technical challenge, 
perhaps — of showing them- 
selves multiplied round a 
table. John Gutman had in 
1936 (a good year, evidently, 
for popular Surrealism) the 
odd idea of locating his whole 
head inside his own gaping 
mouth. And so it goes on. 

This is not a show from 
which it is easy to draw 
coherent conclusions. But ft is 
highly entertaining, provided 
you abandon at the outset any 
Idea of encountering the real 

John Russell 

With as many theatres each m 
Moscow and Leningrad as there are 
in London, and with up to a dozen in 
some of foe major provincial cities, 
mostly playing to packed houses, 
contemporary Russian theatre must 
in foot sense be foe envy of British 
managements. How is it that the heirs 
of Shakespeare cannot be prised away 
fiom their television sets to keepeven 
one theatre in a comfortable way of 
business in foe average English city? 
Should we not prevail on Mr Tebbit 
to extend his chfui*es against foe BBC 
to indude promoting bias against foe 
firing theatre? Of course he would 
have to include ZTV as well . . . 

Whether Russian audiences are 
justified in their support we shall 
have some means of judging daring 
foe current four-week Russian Season 
on Radio 3. Of the four productions 
so for, three were of plays by 
Chekhov. Among these the major 

Theatres of prosperity 

| RADIO j 

broadcast was a repeat of Ronald 
Mason’s 1967 production of Ivanov 
. (Tuesday) winch, in foe mouths of a 
cast now even more impressive than 
it must have seemed at foe time (Alec 
McCowen, Judi Dench, Maxine 
Audley, Maurice DeohamX pretty 
well overcame the play’s longueurs. It 
emerged as a piece of depth and 
sinew. Both McCowen and Dench, 
their voices 19 years younger, acted 
with superbly controlled energy and 
indeed this quality distinguished foe 
entire production. 

It was noticeably missing however 
from both The Bear (Monday) and 
The Proposal (Thursday). The most 

remarkable thing about these two 
one-acters was that they were broad- 
cast in the middle of Radio 3’s 
morning, thus trespassing on the great 
musical reservation. It is good to see 
the network break a habit in this 
fashion. Tim performances were dis- 
appearing — restless. . nosy and 
overblown, as tends to batmen -when 
radio actors strive after comic effect 

The Russian Season's plays form 
part of a large programme of drama, 
stories, talks and music, with the last 
by far the biggest element It is not 
quite true to say that there are no 
ieamres or documentaries — there has 
in fact been one. This was A Bolt from 
the JHue, a repeat of Jean Benedenfs 
compilation of letters which traced 
the estrangement of Stanislavsky, as 

founder of the Moscow Arts Theatre, 
from his co-founder, Nemirovich- 
Danchenko. On foe contemporary 
Soviet cultural and artistic scene 
there is nothing which might set foe 
work we are bearing in context 
■ From another viewpoint, foe very 
existence of this Russian Season 
cannot help but be immensely 
heartening. Over recent months and 
even years, BBC men have-been back 
and forth to Moscow, there has been 
discussion, links of understanding — 
not to say friaid&hip — have been 
forged, and in the endfoere has beep 
enough agreement to allow, all this 
wealth of material to be broadcast It 
is impossible not to conclude that 
change is underway. But if you are in- 
clined to exaggerate the extent of that 
change and its possibilities, then 
Ksdar’s Children (Radio 4, Tuesday) 
wifi have come as a corrective. 

David Wade 




MWWU.E coil «f. Harrogate. 

Norm Yoriantr*. Cdocyn 

#*n by ini iurrocate 
CfMMRdr GUam. to Me 
scnooT* memorial MU on Tub. 
day 1 llh NovmoerM 7. JO pro. 
r b a memorial concert to God- 
frey James Barton, a farmer 
director a t mac at toe school. 
TICheM £2/Cl. 

BARBARA COOK in concert at 
me Sa w de rt e ml tR*» 3» War. 
al Bpm for 1 night only £3-50 
to £6 BO. Td Act 0783*2517. 

BARBICAN HALL 628 8795/638 
8891 .Torn 7.4S BUDDY INCH 
A The Baddy Rich O rdtoW 
featuring Steve Manns. 


COLISEUM S 836 316! CC 
240 6038 


Wed 7.30 Coe end he. 
Thu 7.30 The Mail . 

*066/ 19U. sutoy Info 836 
6903, S CC. fiom £l-£22 BOl 
I Ballet) £2 £40 Ktoera). 65 AmpM 

seats avail oniM day 


M . j iitk u. BaWH casting inter Ol 
240 9815, Tomor 7.30 THE 

ROYAL OPERA La Traeiata 

ALDWYCM 01-836. 6404/06*1 
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7A1 9999 i no 1*9 feel 

First Can 2«nr cc *»o 7200 



i «Mt ca m a d y by Cave Barker 
aa eawytHeC " Atom Saddler. 

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Sue Jameson. LBC 
Eves 7 JO Mat Wed 2 JQ 
Sat 5 A 030 
MUST Ota NOV is 

AMBASSADORS 01-836 6111 cc 
836 1171. First Call i» hrs/7 
Hum 240 7200 >o«g reel Eves 
I 7.30. Wed oua 3. Sal 4 A 8 

Ratal Sfcefceepeare SaM ’li 


I -rwft for a ncurr* 

WTurt's On 

9662. ALL Id CC MW HBT 

CALL 34br 7 day on 836 2428 NO 

BOOKING FEE Crp Sales 9 30 



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MotvFn 7 JO THU Mat 2JSO 
sal 4 & 8.16 

Berts except Frl A Sal eves tor 
OAP's. UBWY students 4 under 
I6S avail 1 hr betom pert 
Reduced prices TTnirs matt onty 
£7 A £10 


8230 cc 57S> 6668/6433. tram 
Tamar Eves Bpm. Sats mats apm 
TREATMENT by Jonathan 

DORY tPRCVBI 8 Dec - lO Jan. 

CARHICK SOI 379 6107. Mean 
24/hr 7 day 240 7200. CkvSUm 
930 6123. Previews Thom. Evas 
7.3a Sat S A & Opens 17 Nov ar 
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Directed By Ned Sherrtn 

LYTTELTON -S' 928 2262 CC 
(Natkmal TTwatm mu ace ut utn 
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7.46. Sal 2. 16 flow pr ice inaU* 

MAYYABI 01 629 3037 
From ore 15 to Jan 3 
TwKe daHy 20 & AO 
weds A Sas lOSa 20 a «.o 

soonrs xmas show 

MAYFAHt SCC 629 3036. Moo- 
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“An unabashed winner— S E» 
“Sensational’’ Times 


W WPB 836 2294 CC 240 9661 



Reduced price nrevsfthm 11 Noe 
Opens 18 Nov at 7pm 
1st CM 240 7200 crp Salts 930 
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NtoUty al 7 JO Mats Wed al 230 
^*3 Sat -«.3Q A a. op . 
IN Town*- S Express 
Now Doownp to 30 MMF 1987 

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. . . our critics report from London and Paris 

The problem of pacing 

The Seagull 
Mace, Watford 

f -late, revivals of 
The Seagull have 
been . growing in- 
creasingly decora- 
tive, from the 
Royal Court's Irish big house 
setting to last year’s shimmer- 
ing and impressionist tableau 
rat the Lyric, Hammersmith. It 
comes as quite a shock, ax the 
-outset of Patrick Mason's 
production, to see Masha 
drawing a traverse curtain on 
a stage that simply opens up 
oh two more traverse curtains 
with :bo sight of moonlit 
haters. For once, the “spells 
worked by the lake" (in the 
phrase ofMichael Frayn's new 
translation) reside simply in 
the words and actions of the 

In keeping with these aus- 
tere surroundings, the first 
scenes get straight down to 
business, wasting no time over 
atmosphere. Basic relation- 
ships are clearly notched np. 
Masha has no time for the 
schoolmaster and longs to be 
in Nina's shoes. Nina, like- 
wise, is merely playing along 
with Konstantin for the sake 

of his glamo rous family 

attachments. It is all very 
clear-cut, but once the ground 
rules have been laid down the 
production comes to life as the 
fixed relationships are thrown 
into new configurations. 

As Frayn puts it in his 
programme note, here is- a 
drama of two writers, both 
powerless to comprehend the 
life they are . experiencing. 
Lorcan Cranitch's Konstan- 
tin, spitting out his lines in 
'habitual frustration, is dearly 
blind to everything except his 
own predicament. Paul Shel- 
ley’s Trigorin is equally in- 

Stroggling to find emotional resources: Paul Shelley, Irina Brook 

sulated from everything ex- 
cept wort: and appetite. 

As they, and the surround- 
ing egotists, reveal them- 
selves, the Chekhovian music 
gets under way; a complex 
pattern of thwarted desire, 
imperfect affections and anger 
bursting like a summer storm. 
The pattern builds to a thrill- 
ing climax is the third act with 
Arkadi na’s successive con- 
quests of Konstantin and 
Trigorin. whom she van- 
quishes by sliding to the floor 
and prostrating herself before 
him; and then rises with the 
brisk announcement that she 
has won again- This, alas, is 
the high point of the show. It is 

followed by an interval, leav- 
ing the final act as a sadly flat 
epilogue. The lesson is that 
Chekhov production depends 
above all on pacing. 

The Watford company in- 
cludes some veteran Chek- 
hovians: notably Antony 
Brown, whose Sarin projects 
the porcine smugness of the 
State Councillor as well as his 
senile hunger for experience; 
and Denys Hawthorne, whose 
Dorn is sheer elegiac music 
whenever he speaks. Along- 
side these, however, Mr 
Shelley's Trigorin progres- 
sively loses interest through- 
out the evening; while Irina 
Brook finds no emotional- 

resources for Nina in the last 

One mainstay throughout 
the production is Miss Scales's 
Arkadina. a brusque business- 
like presence, every inch the 
star performer on holiday, 
who, at the most unexpected 
moments, reveals sources of 
Slavic passion and personal 
affection totally at odds with 
her professional mask. The 
finale may be a disappoint- 
ment: but not the last sight of 
Miss Scales, cheerfully whis- 
tling a French tune at the lotto 
table while Trigorin delays the 
moment of breaking the news 
of her son's death. 

Irving Wardle 

Articulations of mesmerizing power 

L’Homme gris 

Petit Marigny 

It takes courage and creative conviction 
to bring the lights up on a set as 
depressing as Jean-Qaude de Bemels’s 
design for V Homme gris by the young 
French -Canadian playwright Marie La- 
berge — a courage that must be 
applauded. The curtain of monotonous 
ram at the only window of a room in a 
cheap motel, the unrelieved drabndss of 
the decoration, the cramped sparseness 
of two sexless single beds, armchair, low 
table and ubiquitous television set, are a 
succinct visual prologue to this modern 
tragedy, which shreds the conventional 
family ties between a father and daughter 
until they degenerate into murder. . 

On the pretext that his wife has had a 
heart-attack, a middle-aged man (Claude 
Pieplu) abducts his 20-year-okl married 
daughter (Helene Lapiower) following 
reports that she is a bettered wife. 
Instead of returning directly to the 
parental home he chooses to spend the 
night at a motel, so that they can talk on 
neutral ground. With the stealth of a 
knowing tom-cat La beige, aided by the 
perfectly attuned direction of Gabriel 
Gamut, begins by amusing us with 
purring banalities. 

The first-footing rituals of arriving in a 

strange motel are observed. The bath- 
room is checked out Is it a colour 
television? What are the beds like? A 
string of normalities is skilfully payed 
out, interwoven with almost subliminal 
clues that thi< is no ordinary family 
drama. The father drinks more than he 
should and the look in the daughter’s 
eyes disturbs. There is a sinister under- * 
current in the father’s emotionally 
stifling concern for his daughter’s well- 
being. Suddenly, the innocuous front 
drops and concern turns into a family 
autopsy, the father wielding the sharp 
scalpel of language with a practised 
dexterity, the daughter protecting herself 
inside an analgesic sflehce. 

Each slicing sentence serves to con- 
struct a horrifying picture: the father’s 
own childhood — restricted and shamed 
by an alcoholic mother, his escape into 
an unhappy, now sexless marriage, an 
adoration of his “little girl** which 
smacks of unconsummated incest — a 
veritable can of worms which have eaten 
their way into his daughter’s life, until 
she is a mute anorexic. 

For, such is the fluidity of the direction 
and the total absorption of Pi&plu into 
the character of the father and Lapiower 
into that of the daughter, it is some time 
before one is fully aware the play is, in re- 
ality, a monologue. The daughter's 
silence is broken only once or twice, 
when her inhuman, tortured artic- 

ulations cross the auditorium of the 
intimate Petit Marigny theatre with an 
electric force. 

Despite the nightmare quality of the 
text, the characters are always believable: 
partly because Labergc is never over- 
whelmed by the beings she has created, 
and partly because of the controlled 
realism of Gamut's direction. A masterly 
use of accentuated everyday sounds and 
an unpretentious use of special effects 
successfully lead the action towards its 
murderous end. Although not a thriller 
in the true sense, the closing moments of 
the play are so gripping, so unexpected, 
that to reveal them would certainly be a 

Pieplu, an actor whose singular talent 
has until very recently been submerged 
in what he calls “roles de garniture'’, 
brings to the father the necessary 
underlying pathos of a man who has 
missed out on life. Lapiower’s perfor- 
mance is mesmerizing. By facial ex- 
pression and gesture alone she turns the 
father’s monologue into a genuine 

The play was premiered last year in the 
author’s home town of Quebec. It runs in 
Paris under the auspices of the recently- 
founded Theatre International de 
Langue Francaise, which is headed by 
Gabriel Garran. 

Diane Hill 

Opens Weds Dec 3 at 7.0 


The National Theatre Production 


36 a 



“A beautifully 





TIA 1 E" 


e».MMr.SMO»B*y-FaOW7J» MATTES WEDNESDAY at 3J0 SWUMIW 5-00 & 8.30 


Aldwych, London WC2 

Office: 01-836 6404/0641. Credit Cards: 01-379 6233 

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. 3r.d usual jrjfenSs* : 


Festival Hail/ 
Radio 3 

It is not at all clear why, in 
these days of such widespread 
creativity, York Holler has 
been singled out for special 
favour by the BBC who have 
presented half a dozen of his 
works doing the last three or 
four years. He clearly has a 
superb orchestral technique, 
and he uses his preferred 
medium of orchestra pins tape 
with admirable control, bat 
when be comes near words, as 
be did in Black Peninsulas a 
couple of years ago and again 
in Dream piny on Friday night, 
the lamentable result suggests 
a shallowness of intention. 

Possibly that impression 
wflj be overturned by his opera 
on Bulgakov's The Master and 
Margarita, which wil] appar- 
ently complete a trilogy begun 
in the other works; but we are 
not moving in the right direc- 
tion. Black Peninsulas killed 
itself off at a relatively late 

stage by a burst of recorded 
poetic recitation; Draunptay 
works the same trick at the 
outset, and far more crassly, 
with a mystic dialogue be- 
tween the divine Iadra on tape 
and his daughter os the plat- 
form. The dreamland may be 
Strindberg’s bat the por- 
tentousness is Stockhnosen's 
without the fierce newness of 
vision tint gives Stockhausen 
the ability to reinvent the 
world and get away with h. 
The later stages of the 25- 
minute work included two 
exuberant orchestral inter- 
lodes ami two songs, or rather 
rHnntc, which showed off 
Phyllis Bryn-Julson's winging 
ethereality bat in their vocal 
and electronic Invention paled 
atteriy beside one's memories 
of Birtwistle's Orpheus, 

Miss Bryn-Jnison was also 
an ecstatic soloist, along with a 
dosely sensitive Linda Fin me, 
a conspiratorial Siegfried 
Jerusalem and a strong-voiced 
quartet of Westminster Cathe- 
dral boys. In Mahler's Das 
klagende Lied. Both here, and 
in Webern's Six Pieces at the 
start of the concert, Lothar 
Zagrosek brought expressive 
gestures into an almost naked 

Paul Griffiths 

RPO/Menuhin Walker /Vignoles 

Festival Hall Wigmore Hall 

It was a night ofbroad gestures 
and general urbanity, rather 
than intimate insights into the 
soul. For Handel’s Fireworks 
Music and Mendelssohn's 
essentially sunny First Piano 
Concerto, such an approach is 
entirely sufficient But it was 
slightly disappointing that Sir 
Yehudi Menuhin’s interpreta- 
tion of Vaughan Williams's A 
London Symphony , though 
enjoyably delivered by the 
RPO, look so neutral a stance 
in emotional matters. 

The “Bloomsbury" Lento 
was fine, played very slowly 
with plenty or lush string rone, 
and the first movement's forte 
passages rang out awesomely. 
The bits in beiween, however 
— and they are rather substan- 
tial bits — were too often left to 
meander along. The Scherzo's 
bustling string lines were not 
pointed enough, and its final 
mysterious disintegration into 
sombre, low chords was made 
to sound rather matter-of-facL 
And in the finale's crushing 
dimax Menuhin took the 
obvious option, letting the 
brass and tam-tam carry all 
before them so the nub of the 
tragedy — the anguished violin 
line straining dissonantly 
against the harmony — passed 
almost unheard. 

There was certainly nothing 
passing unheard in the Fire- 
works Music. One expects 
pomp and pugnaciousness in 
the O uvert ure and “La 
R6jouissance" but Menuhin’s 
heavyweight swagger through 
the Menuet I was a startling 

Justus Frantz’s playing in 
the Mendelssohn concerto 
provided a happy contrast 
classicall y poised and digni- 
fied in the Andante; properly 
con fuoco in the first move- 
ment; and skimming nimbly 
through the finale's jolly 
passage work. He never over- 
loaded this delightful score 
with an expressive weight its 
substance could not bear. 

Richard Morrison 

“At least you won't need 
•sunitles" pondered the Cai- 
man character, wandering 
past the billboard for a pro- 
gramme of English song at the 
Wigmore Hall. The cartoon 
decorating the front of the 
programme for Sarah Wal- 
ker’s recital said it alL And we 
did not need sheets of words 
either, such is the power to 
compel within Miss Walker’s 
command of line and lan- 
guage. and such is the liveli- 
ness of her renowned double 
act with Roger Vignoles. 

Being Walker and being 
Vignoles this was. of course, 
no formula evening. Not a 
note of Finzi, Butterworth or 
Moeran. and a long trail of 
encores which included a 
breathtakingly serious "Fai- 
ries at the Bottom of the 
Garden" as well as the 
Dankworth/Milligan apologia 
for English tea. 

Sarah Walker had made her 
audience earn their fun. Until 
this point, the recital had been 
characterized by an unremit- 
ting, if not unvaried, gravitas. 
The first half was dominated 
by Nicholas Maw's 1 966 song- 
cycle The Voice of Love . 20 
minutes of reflection, remorse 
and rejoicing assembled by 
Peter Porter from the cor- 
respondence of two 17th- 
century lovers. Voice and 
piano tuned in minutely to 
their fluctuating moods, now 
passionately immediate, now 
retrospective. They created a 
sense of arching space and 
time, marked by the intensity 
of the recurring question 
“Shall we ever be so happy?". 

The wort was balanced 
after the interval by an 
hypnotically timed perfor- 
mance of Joseph Horovitz’s 
Lady Macbeth scena. This was 
framed by Britten’s Charm of 
Lullabies and his Auden 
Cabaret Songs, each in their 
own way hovering most poi- 
gnantly between fear and com- 
fort, mirth and menace. 

Hilary Finch 


Will Evans and Valentine’s 


“What a farce! What a 
wonderful evening ... 
his new regime at the 
National Theatre with a style 
and panache that can only 
bode BRILLIANTLY for the 
South Bank” (DMad) 

Lyttelton; Tonight, toxtior at 7.45, Wed at 2.15 & 
7.45. Then Nov 18, 19, 20, 21, 22(m&e), 24. 


Box Office & Credit Cards 

01-928 2252 

Standby — unsold seats at low prices 
from 2 ho urs before performance 

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Cradu Carts U» booking fett 3?9 eOGtlUnunr 3*9 W 
Fira Can 34 &W7 days 24C fSOO/SsiLh Ftcto 7*E 9930 
Grcnpi OrSX 90S or amAUSS (OSS 3771 




L 0 

& 5T 












The Garrick 


EVENNG8 7.30 IMffMB TUESDAY 100 SAT 5.0Q ft 840 

BOX OFFICE 01-379 6107 
FIRST CALL 01-240 7200 (24Hr) 


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Overstretched arm 

Ctris Harris 

Britain’s police axe 
facing their biggest 
conflict for a 
century. Riots, 
strikes and rising 
street crime have 
combined to pose 
an unprecedented 
challenge to their 

image and methods. In the first of a 
five-part series, Brian James samples 
life on one of London’s toughest beats 

Part 1: Policing the crisis 


To question whether Britain 
has the police force it needs is 
to beg another, tetter issue: do 
Britain's police get the public 
they deserve? It is a thought 
that is to occur frequently 
during a day and a night spent 
on a bogy police division, 
observing the reaction on the 
edge where the keepers meet 
the kept. 

Battersea in sooth London 
was chosen because it was a 
micro-world of policing prob- 
lems. The division's new offi- 
cer in command, Chief Super- 
ipt eirifirf John O'Connor, 
showed os around with the 
enthusiasm of a new occupier 
who hopes to sell die place, 
after improvements, at a 

The Battersea Division 
spreads sooth from the 
Thames to the edge of 
Clapham Common. It is Butt- 
ons, fairly, for its dogs' home, 
its heliport, and its power 
station (soon to be a leisure 
mega-centre); infamous for the 
hugest proportion of high-rise 
homes in Europe; and it 
generates the third highest 
rate of telephone calls for help 
in Britain. 

The Tory-controlled (by one 
vote) authority points wife 
pride to blocks filled with 
squatters three years ago 
which now have owners happy 
to pay up to £60,000. Chief 
Snpt O'Connor approves of 
this marching gentrification, 
but gently points oat a 

“We have £180,000 fiats on 
the park with tenants who 
leave £25^MJ0 carls on the 
street A man' who had his 

BMW ripped off three times 
was not amosed when a PC 
advised him to switch to a 
Skoda and leave it with its 
doors unlocked. Bat the PC 
was only being realistic.” 

Street crane, robbery, and 
m ugg i ng at Battersea is- Chief 
Snpt O’Connor’s first prior- 
ity. “It is opportunist crime — 
not committed by some crim- 
inal mastermind, but a ldd 
wanting money for chicken 
and cups. A £10 ‘touch 1 is a 
good result. It is a minority, 
maybe a few dozen involved, 
hot it is making life unbear- 
able for tile majority. And ft 
is 1 going to be stopped. 

“Look, lei’s not dance abont 
the words. Of coarse there are 
racial tensions here. Most of 
the people living on these 
horrible estates are black. 
Most of those blacks are 
honest, innocent people. Many 
of the Macks are victims. Bnt if 
it is realistic, not racist, of me 
to insist most blacks are 
decent; then it s also reafistfc, 
not racist, to record tint most 
of the crimes in these black- 

occupied streets are committed 
by yoang blacks. 

“It is dear we can't afford to 
offend a single decent black 
person by being rode or insen- 
sitive. One shove can torn a 
whole family; we can't afford 
fewer friends. And having hi 
that on my men, I have then to 
tell them I won't tolerate 
‘softly-softly’ being nsed to 
excuse inefficiency, s tanding 
by doing nothing.*’ 

How do his men balance 
those two competing imper- 
atives? “Better go out in toe 
cars and ask them." 


Battersea division of the Metropolitan Poflce covers four 
square miles of south London and includes 64,495 inhabitants, ft 
is poBced by 181 constables, 29 sergeants, eight inspectors, 

29 CID officers, two chief inspectors, one superintendent, a chief 
superintendent— 251 policemen in ail. 

Street crimes 

(defined as theft from a person) 

(residential only; includes a g g ra v a ted burglary) 

Motor v ehi cle crime 

(includes theft of motor veWdes, theft from motor vehicles 
and criminal damage to a vehteie} 

'To end of October 


..v.^ t r . ■ - ■ > 7 ; • . v * \ 

-\y. -Hr.-/ 
Tj?$f f V* A I- 


Our commitment 
to the traditional English 
values and standards of 
service has never changed. 
Next time you're in London, 
experience for yourself 
what our guests 
take for granted. 

«l TSP V 



Stratton Street, London W1A 2AN. . 
Tel: 01-629 7777 Telex: 26252 

. v-V* 

; -v* 5 ' 


rwy ^PT Tan MdMh, ^ «nd PC Marie Thompson. 27 - “IfVnot unknown for an engine Mock or old TV dropped on a Pandu for a bit of a giggle. . . 

1985* 1988* 

683 816 

1481 1207 

4263 4162 

P olice constable Chris 
Sawyer pointed out a 
comer of an estate 
that had been impen- 
etrable for three days 
during a little-known echo of 
the Brixton Riots in 1981. 
“We are better organized now. 
They couldn't keep us out 
Don't need water cannon, 
plastic bullets. Just usual 
methods, firmly applied.” 

Were there still no-go areas? 
“Absolutely not But there are 
no-do areas. By that l mean in 
the toughest places, the Dod 
(that's the Doddingion flats 
estate), people don't get 
nicked for having a noisy 
party. For paridng on the 
pavement. For dropping litter. 
It's hard to say where I draw 
the line; depends on the 
dreumstances, the day, the 
time, the weather. And, of 
course, the offence. You’d 
never hesitate for rape or 
murder, armed robbery, stuff 
like that But a reported 
theft . . . well, you’d wait for 
cover to arrive. Weigh it up.” 

Weigh it upk It was a phrase 
and a thought repeated many 
times in the area car dining 
the hours of dusk and dark- 
ness. Between high-speed 
dashes with Whisky One's 
crew, PC Mark Thompson, 
27, and PC Ian McKeUa, 25, 
there was often time to talk, 
and to sh taking in other 
things said in the canteens and 
corridors of the division. 

A call to an adult education 

centre. A woman has had her 
bracelet snatched. She. 
through hysterics, puts a 
£1,000 value on it; " silly 
bitch ”, someone mutters. The 
assailant is described. Six feet 
plus, broad, jeans, trainers, 
tank top. A man, 57”. slight, 
bespectacled gets into the car. 
He describes how he hit the 
mugger and chased him 60 
yards before losing him on the 
edge of the Doddington. We 
tour the area for 15 minutes. 
Hopelessly. The witness is set 
down amid thanks. "Lotta 
bottle,” says Ian McKeUa. 
"Very rare." 

As we cruised “the Dod” 
both officers kept craning 
their heads up to where foot- 
ways crossed the road, six 
floors up. “Not unknown,” 
said PC Thompson, “for an 
engine block or old TV to be 
dropped on a Panda. Worse in 
summer, they wait out there 
for you to come along. Bit of a 
giggle.” All that came this time 
were cat-calls. 

A calk bade to a street we’d 
left five minutes earlier. Inside 
a house a woman lies an the 
stairs, screeching in pain. Up 
for the day from Dorset, she 
had dung on when a man 
snatched her bag. Her am is 
hideously broken Her Sloan - 
ish daughter, white-lipped, 
says she wishes the police had 
guns and would swoop through 
the estate at the end of the road 
where the assailant Had run. A 
little man comes down from a 

top floor on the estate. He’d 
been watching through binocu- 

lars: gives a description We 
circle the fiats looking for a 
" thin black youth, dark 
clothes ” Nothing. 

Time out for canteen tea. 
Another policeman is speak- 
ing of another place, another 
rime. “I chased this guy, right. 
Lots of lights, all foe noise. 
Right into an estate. Got him 
out of his car, then there's 30 
guys around me. Hie dives in 
among them, they won't let 
me take him out We pull out, 
call for help. Then we slide 
back in. The guy's now taking 
a box out of foe car. I KNOW 
it’s drugs, pot But the crowd's 
got. bigger now, and the 
guv’nor says ‘Forget it Pull 

“That was months ago. And 
it still gripes me.” 

At midnight, PCs McKenna 
and Thompson leave the sta- 
tion. They finish writing up 
foe night's activity. They 
would be back on duty at 7am. 

stairs. The lift door opens, a 
blade youth, tall and strong, 
emerges. "Please wait here, 
sir,” says the WPC. He starts 
to protest, he’s been visiting a 
cousin on the seventh floor. 
“We’ll check that Meanwhile 
please wait ” She steps firmly 
in front c^ldm as hemes logy 
by. The door opens, six more 
officers pour in It turns out to 
be an attempted take-over by 
squatters. PC Hayller arranges 
for a new lock. The youth is 
cleared and sent away with 
apologies. But what if he had 
refused to wait? "I’d have 
made him wait,” says WPC 

Two men brake into the fiat 
she shares the previous night 
stole £50. and came bade 
tonight demanding another 
£200: She escaped from a 
bedroom window while her 
flatmate tended the barricades. 
After a fruitless search qf the 
high-rise estate, a PC de- 

ciphers; “ Prostitutes, I’d say. 
No pimps, so a couple of the 
lads decided they’d like a piece 
of the business. Seedy, , yeah. 
But whatever you think about 
prossies, they are women with 
a right not to, have people" 
busting in- with knives. WefU 
give it to CID to watch.” 

Steve HayUcr= wonders if 
they are rearuitmg , foe .right ; 
stuff. He was in a earner 
(police van) recently. Subject . 
of education came up..Seems 
of the 12 men, 10 had degrees 

G raising before* foe: 
next message, :.she* 
masts: “The shakes 
come after”. Even if 
you get a call on foe 
estates yon “have to plough in. ‘ 
1 just hope it is not a dead 
body, can't stand bodies. Not 
much else worries me.” 
Knowing that- there are going 
to be half a dozen big bodies 
bangmg through the door in a 
few seconds helps. Bnt the 
radio ak is full of appeals; 
what if one day the back-ups ' 
are all busy? “Ah, there's foe 
one thing we don’t like to 
think about” 

A calk woman reports she 
has been threatened by two 
men with knives, demanding 
money. She is at a telehone 
box. shivering with fright The 
story she tals is incredible. 

The car is taken over by PC 
Steve Hayller, 26, and WPG 

Steve. Hayller, 26, and WPG 
Denise Morrison, a tiny 20- 
year-okL You are about to ask 
if she's up to this tough life; 
when her radio interrupts: 

A calk three black youths 
breaking into a second floor 
flat on an estate. Whisky One 

is barely 200 yards away. 
WPC Morrison is first through 

WPC Morrison is first throi 
the door, and heads for the 
as PC Hayller sprints up 

Whisky One’s reward is to 
be alternately patronised and 
abused by a well-bred young 
woman who couldn’t femem - 
her whether she was living with , 
her maker or her husband, 
had no handbag, and couldn’t 
recall either banging on a 
door, or the man in the Rasta 
hat who’d left her hurriedly. 

. “Just dad with me. OK. You 
spell that D £ A L and M E, 
OK?” They cheek that there is. 
someone at the other end to 
pay the fare, and put her in a 
coo. She remembers, fiist, to 
shout ’Thanks”! 

— history, . sociology, geog- 
raphy and such. “I am . not 

against education. I just won- 
der if they have foe right 
attitude. They may have 
joined because it is a well-paid 
job whereas when I came in 
you just had to want to DO 

For file 251 officers and 
mot of Battersea division it - 
.had been a, qtiietish 24. hours 
.which left them neither de- 
pressed at the seediness of- 
most of what they saw, nor put 
but' by the attitude of the 
public they served, which 
varied . from foe fawning 
“Thanks for coming” to the 
frequent sileni, baleful stare. 

' Marecallst ia a noisy drunk, 
to a faulty alarm id a sus- 
picious noise in a garden. To a 
disturbance in a Hate-night 
"chippie”, and then to a call 
“ Woman screamihgjbr help”. 
She gas the fim service. 
Whisky One is first, a van, two 
morecars and a mobile inspec- 
tor arrive within seconds. 

. It is not success that keeps 
them going. The dear-up rate 
for robberies in under- 
manned Batterseais just 4 per 


The men in power: 
who controls 
the police? 

6 Police are all too often a target 
of those frustrated by society’ 

*The policing style has changed 
from Dixon to Darth Vader ’ 

J ames Anderton, Chid 
Constable of Greater 
Manchester, wrote 
this in his annual 
report: “The figure for 
long-term n sent ploy men t 
among the crime-prone youn- 
ger-age groups to foe worst 
affected parts of the conurba- 
tion ranges from 50 per cent to 
a staggering 80 per cent or 
mure. Fofiring certainly has to 
be wise, caring and sensible m 
those distinctive localities 
where almost the entire 
population Is oat of work and 
bring oq social security.” 

The Chief Constable of the 
West Midlands, Geoffrey 
Dear, wrote to his report: 
-‘Surrounded by massive so- 
da! deprivation and the results 
Ot inadequate housing, un- 
soccessfiol education, mass un- 
employment and racial 
discrimination, foe police are 
too often seen as the only 
readily identifiable repre- 
sentatives of local to central 
government, and can become 
the target for those frustrated 
by foe state of their society as 
a whole.” 

The words of these two men 
are echoed in the Mwm *l 
reports of chief constables np 
ami down the land, from Sooth 
Wales to Sooth Yorkshire. 
The tone is one of frustration, 
yitlwr foan rfgep air — fj r inaia* 
four over the inadequacy of 
their resources, frustration at 
their' estrangement from the 
communities they serve and 
frustration that the police are 
bearing the brunt of society's 
contemporary deprivation. 

The readiness displayed in 
the reports to attribute rising 
crime rates to soda! causes 
contrasts strongly with the 
police force's own values of 
self-help and setf-retiance. 
These values, 10* other as- 
pects of the force's traditional 
role, are being steadily ended 
by foe Government’s too-eas- 
ing reliance on the police as 
foe sole gu ardi ans of law ami 


r r» _ „ 

it .• i ' ** * Vi, 

Dean beating the brant 

Cofin South, the Thames 
Valley's Chief Constable, re- 
ported: “The burden new car- 
ried by my officers is so great 
fiat foe incidence of stress- 
related Alness and general 
pressures is so high that their 
perfonnance is suffering.” 
One of these pressur es is foe 
physical danger which has 

become an increasing part of 
modem pofidng. In particular 
there is a feeling that the 
bobby-OB-the-beat is becom- 
ing increasingly vulnerable. 

David East; Chief Con- 
stable of South Wales, wrote 
of his deep concern about 
violent attacks. “On Friday, 
Saturday and Sunday evenings 
atone, no fewer than 265 
officers have received injuries 
when carrying oat rdmively 
mundane and routine arrests. 
These assaults have occurred 
throughout the force area and 
without any particular 

Although foe need for pofice 
to protect themselves is rec- 
ognized, there is also concent 
that British police do not 
follow foe American example 
towards greater dependence on 
firearms. Mr Owen Kelly, 
Police Commissioner for foe 
Gty of London, wrote: “It is. 
regrettably necessary for os to 

have a greater proportion of 
our officers trained in the nse 
of firearms than any other 
force. Even though foe need 
for this fa dearly dem- 
onstrated by foe current levels 
of terrorist activity, I am 
conscious of public sensitivity 

about the use of armed police, 
and with that in mind, 1 have 
set in motion a review to 
ascertain whether foe numbers I 
we have finanas-tnuned are 1 
at the right level.” 

Extra resources are singled 
not as foe key to solving the 
pofice force’s many problems. 
Andrew Sloan, Chief Con- 
stable of Strathclyde, re- 
peated: “Every area of the 
budget within my control has 
bear pared to the mtotonna 
and ftqyfhl arts have an 
immwfate influence on the 
effectiveness of foe force.” 

Hugh Macmillan, Chief 
Constable of. Northern 
Constabulary, prodded strik- 
ing evidence of foe immediate 
results of increased resources: 
“I increased temporarily foe, 
small dedicated Drugs Squad 
to five officers and this had a 1 
dramatic effectwifoftliBlMlfos, | 
resulting in an tecreaae to ; 
charges from 296 to 469.” Bnt I 
be sato -that he remained ; 
OT priql about Jus prospects 
of gjmtohrimg the problems of i 
increasing dntgisfaase. ! 

Despite fears that flag , 
work has been ma d e more 
difficult by their reito to recent ; 
“political disputes”, some 
chief constables remain 
optimistic. Peter Wright, 
Chief Constable of South 
Yorkshire, wrote- tta 
miners’ dispute: “... There 
has bea r surprisingly rapid 
ret u r n to the polking, situa- 
tions which prevailed prior to 
the start of foe dispute ... 
Xndiridnal preMenai hare occ- 
urred, but to foe mining areas 
to general, no particular or 
persistent difficulties have, 
been encountered.” 

D octor Robert Rei- 
ner, a law lecturer 
at Bristol Univer- 
sity, says that 
hostility to police is 1 
as old as foe force itself He 
compares last October’s 
Broadwater Farm incident in 
which Police Constable 
BLakelock was killed by rioters 
with a similar happening in 
.1883. Four years after foe- 
police force was established, a 
riot occurred at Coldbath 
Fields during a meeting of foe 
National Political Union. PC 
Colley -was killed and an 
inquest returned a verdict of 
“justifiable homicide”. 
Blakdock was the first police- 
man to be killed during a riot 
since Colley. 

, Dr Reiner says: “The prob- 
lems which foe police face 
now are greater than they have 
been for -foe past 150 years. 
The nrixan. riots which have 


t %. 

s >C : - 

Dr Betotn dkturiiiag report 

taken place since 1979 repre- 
sent- foe reemergence of a 

sent- foe reemergence of a 
hostility towards foe police 
from certain- sections of the 
working class which has been , 
contained for over a century.” 

He says it is also disturbing 
‘foal foe police force’s image is 
changing. “The pofice are in 
danger joflosingfoe image that 
has been carefully constructed 
over the past 150 years and 
which forms foe foundation 
stone of the public's support 
for them. Over foe:last few 
years foe' style of potiezng 
public order has been trans- 
formed from foe image of 
Dixon lo Darth Vaster” ..... 

stains and not from foe colour 
of their skin. 

“When the first wave of 
immigrants entered this coun- 
try they settled into British 
society extremely quickly, and 
became some ofthe most law- 
abiding citizens in the coun- 
try; The rioting ofthe past few 
years has nothing to do with 
West Indian cultural tra- 

ditions or the absence of any 
natural source of authority in . 
West Indian communities, ft 
stems from foe abnormally 
high, levels of unemployment - 
among young blacks ana their 
inability to gain access into 
British society" 

. That socio-economic fee- 
tors create an atmosphere -in 
which nerves are frayed and 
temperatures are high' does 
not m the least diminish the 
guilt of those responsible for 
violence, he says. “I wasn’t ' 
frying to excuse the killers of , 
PC Blakdock. Those respon- 
sible should be punished.” 

Just as his forais plays down 
the racial background of foe 
rioters, it also qualifies any : 
accusations that police are 
. racially prejudiced. “The pol- 
ice are no more prejudiced 
than other .members of soci- 
ety. The police are right when 
they claim that no social group 
has done more than, them to . 
implement the changes ‘ 
recommended in the Scannan 

' bl 


V ^ 


Toby Young 


! 'i 

> v ■ > _ 

Peter Evans 

He. has been studying foe 
police for tea years and -his 
book. The Politics of thePolice 
(Wheatsheaf Books), received I 
much critical aedaan^ when it 
was published last year. . The 
book minimizes . foe im- 
portance ofthe racial aspect of j 
urban disorder. Dr Reiner 
believes that foe hostifiw frpnr 
foe' young West' '-Indian ! 
community towards ipolkie { 
stems from thedr-nndet-dofci 

1 Moist (5) 

4 Suflerlieai(7) 

•k Take up again (5) 

9 Abundant (7) 

10 Spinal column (8) 
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13 fttn-matudllJ). 
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I* Ordered *!' (S) 
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[23 Beghaagmi( 7 } - 
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DOWN-V > ' • 

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l>»i») »« ii ii'-t»;»i n » r*^i i k*j>-’i 

ttie Conservatives, says Toby Ygmig 

"*T?4l cbbit : Moore, : the 
E’r* : ■daughter of a Man- 

■ ..J#. Chester plumber, 

■ left school at 15 
with ho p levels and barely a 
penny/ to her name. But 21 

What w-new.isber appare nt... ^ v 
conversion to the notion of jv 
women getting the party**; 
m e ss age across. Cynics. might ' 
suggest thatsheis alert to the . 
act that smgte-minded career , is/ 

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‘. ': Picture this idyllic scene: the 
* r Blade Sea on a summer’s day 
bathed in smshine from a 
cloudless Hue sky. A baby girl 
is having her afternoon nap, 

floating peacefully on the 

-; Bendy undulating waves. Ev- 
^ etyhowand then one-year-old 
. Anya Shanson turns her head 
r-r . from side to side to breathe in 
. the fresh air. Watched aver by 
her parents who are swiro- 
■v ming alongside, she is com- 
• fc pletely safe in her natural 
0gK0 waterbed Even when her 
parents occasionally drift 
. away, she comes to- no harm. 

1 ' • . >,i As soon, as she might be. in 
'**■’- i danger of drowmng, a schoo l 
’^4jf of dolphins scrams towards 
’ w -i her. The first to arrive stops 
and noses the girTs face above 
.-■ the waves. 

This is not the opening 
„,• scene of a future Wah Disney 
- - film but part of a conti nuing 
scientific research project. 
*' Anya is one of a handful of 

■' . children bom under water in a 
■ technique pioneered by Soviet 
. researcher Dr Igor 
; Charkovsky, who is now 
•' . efudyin g the rdationship be- 
. tween pregnant women and 
; dolphins.' 

Dr Chaikovsky is no novice 
to g gnflrif experiments. In the 
1960s he began to condition 
V. cats, rabbits and pigs to give 
. . birth under water. He even 

- . trained chickens to swim. He 
■‘ established that land anhnais 
. bom in water and then accus- 
- touted to this habitat turned 

- - - out to be stronger and more 
'-.. intelligent than tbetr non- 

swimming cousins and had a 
-’•’ considerably longer lifespan- 

As a result ofhis resrardh on 
. human water teth, he now 
believes that children bom 

under water are Jess aggresnve 

• and more altruistic; Further- 
more, he ays. if expectant 
v mothers swim a great deal as 
part of their prenatal - ex- 
> erases, their pelvis and hip 
Hgaments and muscles 
^ , come more elastic which 
'V makes it easier for the foetus 


Bored with that old 
delivery room? Try, a 
new Russian method 
of giving birth — 
swimming at sea, 
surrounded by 
friendly dolphins 

0 0f 


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to emerge whether the mother 
rives both in bed or "under 
water. He says that water bird* 
“attracts women because it . is 
painless and prevents n a t a l 
injuries". . -■ 

Dr Charkovsky concedes 

that not all experts agree with" 
him and that some of hisideas 
are hypotheses to be proved 
(or disproved) by future re- 
seardr But he was so certain 
of the benefits of Ins water 
birth techniques that be de- 
cided to extend his research to 
establish whether do lphi n s . 
could assist in the aquatic 
birth of humam. To do this, 
he enlisted soinc of his col-, 
leagues from the Soviet Re- 
searcb Institute of I^ysical 
.Education, an i nfl u enti al gov- 
ernment-sponsored body 
based in Moscow, and took 
them to die welcoming shores 
ofthe Black Sea. . .. 

In line with some scientists 
view that dolphins have oto- 
itive fecultiesborderiiig on.thc 
telepathic his ; &«- expert- 
ment5 were derigned to con- 
firm a ttoeoiy that dolphins 

could befnend babies in the 
womb. . He _ found that 
mothers* stomachs appeared 
to be “transparent” to the 
dolphins’ sensitive sonar sys- 
tems (which are being studied 
by anti-submarine warfare 
establishments in die United 
States), enabling them to 
“see” the foetuses. . 

Dr Oiarkovsky now says 
that it appears to be possible 
for a dolphin somehow to 
•transmit its knowledge of the 
sea to an unborn child, en- 
couraging it not to fear water. 
He says there is a definite 
rapport between humans and 
dolphins,-who often seek out 
swimmers in the sea without 
being prompted. His experi- 
ments also riiow that dolphins 
have a calming influence on- 
expectant mothers who are 
scared of swimming. And all 
the mothers in his tests con- 
firmed that “childbirth, in the 
sea was lbs painful in the 
presence of dolphins’*. 

Further . experiments 
showed that the female dol- 
phins particularty were most 
interested in childbirth. “They 
would surround a woman in 
labour,” Dr Charkovsky re- 
ports, “sending out sonar 
signals. If the newborn baby 
remained submerged for too 
long, they would push it out of 
the .water whh their noses. 
Incidentally, they treat their 
own young the same way.” 

Dr Charkovsky has also 
described a so-far inexplicable 
fink between dolphins and his 
walerbabies. When be swam 
with his young dtaraes, dol- 
phins could apparently sense 
vAetbeu . unbeknown to the 
doctor, a child became fright- 
ened. The dolphins would 
push the doctor aside and 
prevent the child from getting 
into difficulties. 

As the argument in the West 
cantmues between -supporters 
of natural birth and those who 
favour what a Goman 
gynaecologist recently con- 
demned as an “increasingly 
bio- technically controlled 
event”. Dr Chaikovsky’s ev- 
idence, preliminary though it 
is, is being greeted with grow- 
ing interest in the USSR. 

He has this advice -fur 
expectant mothers who are' 
unable to swim in the Black 
Sea with friendly dolphins, 
and those prejudiced against 
exchanging the delivery room 
for a marine environment 
“Try to imagine that you are 
swimming with dolphins in a 
warm caressing sea.*’ 'He is 
sure that such thoughts will 
help make any birth a happier 
event: !.v 

Andrew Wiseman 

Happiness is sloppiness 

My friend Susan and I 
watched a spider starting yet 
another web running north- 
south from ceiling to so& and, 
lacking the energy to fetch a 
broom, dreamt up a brilliant 
publishing concept. 

The venture is to be called 
Bad Housekeeping and is for 
women who are tired of 
reading about those other 
women who curl tomato skins 
into decorative roses and con- 
ceal their washing-machines- 
in 18th-century armoires. 

Magazines in which these 
perfectionists are interviewed 
and photographed against a 
background of their own 
domestic bliss leave you feel- 
ing bad for not arranging your 
sheets in a colour-coded sys- 
; tem in the airing cupboard. 
Our _ magazine will feature 
people who axe even sloppier 
than yon. 

1 shall do an in-depth 
interview with a relative to 
find out why, Sunday after 
Sunday, she brews up some 
pretty poisonous-looking 
rhirkm ' §o up and then, 
chronically absent-minded as 
she is, strains it straight down 
the sink. She is also given to 
steaming vegetables in a plas- 
tic colander so that what yon 
.get on your plate is cabbage 
and spaghetti-like strands of 
blue plastic. 

There will be before and 
after pictures of Susan’s 
sister’s bijou studio apart- 
ment. The “before" shot wifi 
show the clapped-out divas 
and packing-cases with which 
the. owner lived unconcern- 
edly for several years and the 
“after** one will depict the 
same room filled with the five-, 
-piece suite of massive art deco 
furniture which some matt 
ness prompted her to boy. 

Chur advice columns wiQ 
concern themselves with real 

From Caroline J. McElwee. 
Streatham Hill, 

London SW16 ' 

T refer to Clare Dyer’s article 
on human embryo research 
(Monday Page, November 3). 
Over the put 100 years die 
advances In die fields of 
medhane and surgery have 
been stupendous. A current 
medical text discovered 100 
years ago would have beat 
looked upon as purely sdence 
fiction. In some ways, ft is. 
That, I think, is the fear of 
those, people currently oppos- 
ing the legalization of era- 

r PENNY "1 

problems. None of this dye- 
stuff. Bad housekeepers don’t 
have lace curtains. Their cur- 
tains auto-destrncted long ago 
from a combination of dirt 
and the cat using diem as a 

We will offer comfort to 
those who put their thinly- 
plated forks m Silver Dip and 
forget to take them out for 
three days. We will try to 
discover ways of taking the 
contents out of an un-de- 
frosted freezer when eyery fish 
finger is embedded in ice. 

We will formulate a set of 
rules for had housekeepers: 

• They should never live in 
the suburbs. Since they are 
always running out of basic 
necessities like bread, milk 
and husbands, they need to be 
in an inner-city area where 
replacements are always avail- 
able. Also, most other subur- 
banites actually feel uplifted 
when they have cleaned all the 
knobs on the oven with an old 
toothbrush and this can make 


bryonic research and ex- 

A vivid imagination is a 
good thing but one has to put 
such imaginings and possibil- 
ities into pe r s pec ti v e . Yes, 
there is a possibility tint sad 
research and experimentation 
could be misused and ex- 
Idafted, but would legalization 
preclude such actions? Mak- 
ing endnyoak research illegal 
will encourage malpractice, 
and create a consumer ™»rlrri 

a bad housekeeper fed all 
alone in the world. 

• They should resist the urge 
to become collectors. A collec- 
tion of grime-encrusted Vic- 
torian shell boxes is not a 
pretty sight, but a bad house- 
keeper will glare at it for hours 
rather than get to work with a 
damp doth. 

• They should become a 
successful writer, brain sur- 
geon or politician. A bad 
housekeeper who doesn't ex- 
cel at anything, as well as not 
excelling at keeping cofee- 
mug rings off the dining-room 
table, is just a shxt But a bad 
housekeeper who has another 
interest is an admirable per- 
son who has her mind on 
higher thtng s, 

U is time far another report on 
the Earf's Court restaurant 
scene. Frobishers, with its grey 
and pink stippled decor ami its 
menu which included " Or- 
chestra offish” is no more — 
Earl's Court residents turned 
out to be not up to the 
sophistication of it alL The 
local Chinese place has taken 
over the premises, which is just 
as well, as Us former quarters 
were much too small for all 
those who craved nightly fixes 
of butterfly prawns. 

The most intriguing change 
is at one of the neigh- 
bourhood’s oldest restaurants, 
the Star qf India, which now 
has an exquisite young owner 
called Reza who has trans- 
formed the place with a tented 
ceiling, painted-on Doric pil- 
lars ana chintz-covered chairs. 
He hasn’t changed the menu, 
though, so stiu manages to 
attract the old regulars — 
leather-jacketed layabouts - 
and the recently-moved-in gen- 
try. The other night one of the 
customers was actually allied 

where codes of conduct have 
little chance ol survival. 

The advantages of leg- 
alization most sorely outweigh 
the disadvantages, in that 
increased knowledge of the 
nature and development of the 
embryo can lead only to a 
lower rate of crippling disease 
in children. 

The furtherance of research 
Into “test-tube” insemination 
and childbirth is almost an 
added bonus, but it is a very 
important aspect of embryonic 
research to those couples who 
are unable to conceive children 
in the usual way. 

In an exclusive Christmas present to 

Times readers, one of the West End’s 
best known stores is opening its doors 
for a unique evening’s shopping 

Liberty from 
the crowds 

Trite bine Tones: top, 
gymnast Suzanne Dando; 
far left; Pineapple 
Studio’s Debbie Moore; 
left, swimming champion 
Sharron Davies — “Mrs 

Thatcher has done a lot of 

women a lot of good 

One of the organizers ofthe 
Youth Rally was Bev Walker, 
the agent for the athletes Liz 
Hobbs and Donna Murray as 
well as for Dando and Davies. 

My view,” says Walker, “is 
that they are fairly typical 
capitalists in their outlook. 
They are self-employed 
women who generate a 
substantial independent in- 
come. Th ey are working to 
create their own futures and 

Queen Mary rode from 
Buckingham Palace to boy 
jewellery there, Edith Sitwell 
rarely purchased her fabrics 
anywhere eke, and the staff 
remember Marlene Dietrich 
dropping in to buy scarves 
and shawls. Albert liberty 
first opened the doors of his 
Regent Street emporium in 
1875 and it has been drawing 
customers rich and regal ever 

It has a particular attrac- 
tion at Christmas. In 1876, 
Edward W. Godwin, an in- 
fluential architect de- 
signer ri the time, wrote of an 
evening he spent when Lib- 
erty dosed its doors to cus- 
tomers so tint a select few 
could view its wares. Hk 
company included Lily 
Langtry, Ellen Terry, Dante 
Gabriel Rossetti and James 
McNeill Whjstier.“I was free 
to pick my way from ground 
floor to attics,” he wrote, “for 
No 218 Regent Street is from 
front to bade and top to 
bottom literally crammed 
with objects of oriental 

This week The Times, in 
conjunction with Liberty, is 
offering ils readers the oppor- 
tmtity to do as Godwin did — 
to spend an evening shopping 
for Christmas when the store 
is dosed to the public. On 
Tuesday December 2, from 
630pm to 830pm, our read- 
ers are invited to shop and 
take part in a host of special 
activities at the Regent Street 
store, when Times experts — 
among them our fashion edi- 
tor Snzy Menkes and The 
Tones cook Shona Crawford 
Poole — wUl be on hand to 
answer questions on Christ- 
mas gifts and entertaining. 

For those readers who are 
finable to cone to London, 
Liberty stores throughout the 
country will similarly be 
opened exclusively for Times 

readers on the same day at 
the same time. The addresses 
are listed below. 

Each store will feature a 
free draw, including, among 
other prizes, a £100 Liberty 
gift voucher. Yon will he 
welcomed with a glass of wine 
on arrival and a special 
Liberty rift. In addition, for 
every £50 yon spend dnring 
the evening, Liberty will 
present yon with a £5 gift 
voucher. Simply collect all 
yov receipts from any 
department during the eve- 
ning and hand them in at 
special collection points. 

The London store draw 
also includes the following: a 
weekend for two in Bavaria 
from the German travel 
specialists DER, with a lib- 
erty weekend case; an oriental 
carpet; a dress length of silk; 
a Liberty hamper of soaps 
and scents; a food hamper; 
Cobra and BeUamy jewellery; 
a 19th-centory antique Chi- 
nese pot; a pair of crystal 
champagne glasses and a 
bottle of champagne; a 
Molten Brown make-up set; a 
liberty print Vanina wool 
shawl; and a liberty print 
handbag. More details wQl be 
annonneed tomorrow, 
Wednesday and Friday. 

• How to take np our invita- 
tion: Cut out the voucher 
below and send it to Liberty 
Evening, The Times, PO Box 
396, Mitcham, Surrey CR4 
2XH by Wednesday Novem- 
ber 19. 

Please be sure to indicate 
which brand yon wifi visit. 
The branches are: Regent 
Street, London; New Bond 
Street, Bath; Trinity Street, 
Cambridge; Burgate, Canter- 
bury; George Street, Edin- 
burgh; Buchanan Street, 
Glasgow; King Street, Man- 
chester; London Street, Nor- 
wich; Davygate, York. 

Hr,;. , 

*<• **/}", 

Then you’ll appreciate Dry Fly 
the best sherry in fifty years. 


ex, ex- 
md rose 
DWth in 
vas an 
of the 
from 7 
■nt and 
i &Ies is 
d mil- 

10 mil- ' 
ex pen- 
iced 10 
it not 
ds are 








When Michael Heseltine tried to 
link Westland with a European 
consortium early this year he was 
foiled by a number of anonymous 
investors who paid well over the 
odds for 20 per cent of the shares. 
The Westland board, which fa- 
voured the consequent link with 
Sikorski, was doubtless grateful — 
but to this day does not know 
whom to fo t m k;' the names behind 
the so-called “beneficial nom- 
inees" remain as mysterious as 
ever. Now, not knowing how they 
might jump on any future occa- 
sion. Westland is getting worried. 
So much so that it is negotiating 
with the Stock Exchange to change 
its articles of association. This 
means that, if it so wishes, it will 
be able to disenfranchise the secret 
shareholders - unless, of course, 
they reveal their identities first 

Turning point 

The equal opportunities commit- 
tee recently set up by Labour- 
controlled Hounslow council is so 
sensitive about offending its eth- 
nic ratepayers that it has redefined 
the Commission for Racial 
Equality's racial groupings. CRFs 
old descriptions — Black (Afro- 
Caribbean), Black (Asian) and 
White — were felt by members to 
put too great an emphasis on skin 
colour. Their carefully considered 
answer swap around the word 
order to give Afro-Caribbean 
Black, Asian-Black, and Euro- 

• One Somerset cricket chib sup- 
porter less than bowled over by the 
outcome of Saturday's meeting is 
the normally emollient Sir Wil- 
liam Rees-Mogg, From his Somer- 
set home he tells me: "I voted to 
turn out the committee. I regard 
them as totally incompetent.” 

Receiving end 

Employees of South Somerset 
District Council might be excused 
for getting an uneasy sensation 
that Big Brother is watching - or 
rather listening in. For the council 
will soon be installing a computer 
that logs each phone call, detailing 
its destination and duration. Just 
in case there should be any crossed 
lines about the need for such a 
system, the council carried out a 
secret trial in August, as a result of 
which many staff have been 
lectured about their “excessive" 
use of the phone. With an annual 
phone bill of £60,000, the council 
reckons the system will pay for 
itself within two years. If . I were 
less charitable, I would conclude 
that council employees must have 
spent their working days during 
that month lobbying the county 
cricket commitee at Taunton. 


Dave's so disgasted he's taken 
back bis overdue books' 

Out of bounds 

I wonder whether Toby Jessel, 
after 16 years as Tory MP for 
Twickenham, is losing his sense of 
direction. The thought is 
prompted by his' recent faux pas 
while, speaking, about health care 
in his constituency. Arriving late 
at a -meeting at Queen Mary's 
hospital, a bot and bothered Jessel 
insisted on being heard immedi- 
ately as be had to rush to the 
Commons for a vote. Bewildered 
health councillors listened as he 
spoke at some length on problems 
at the West Middlesex University 
hospital. In fact that hospital is in 
the care of a neighbouring 
authority — a feet which finally 
had to be explained to Jessel by 
the meeting's chairman. 

Double act 

Like another of the greats, Joan 
Rivers, currently embroiled in a 
Stateside chat-show war with 
Johnny Carson, sometimes vants* 
to-be-alone. An American airline 
hostess tells me that Ms Rivers 
was among her recent passengers. 
She had flown first class and 
booked two seats “so she could 
guarantee no one sat beside her". 

Noises off 

Strange goings-on the other day in 
Mexico City’s Reclusurio Sur jail 
during an occasion billed (m- 
comrovertibiy, I am sure) as the 
greatest social event in the 
nation's prisons for the past 20 
years. Jorge Diaz Serrano, former 
head of the state-owned oil giant 
Pemex - inside for three years for 
defrauding it of $34 million — was 
due to wed his erstwhile company 
secretary, Helvia Martinez Ver- 
tayes. in a quiet ceremony with 
eight guests present. The proceed- 
ings were nearly cancelled when a 
shot rang out in a nearby cell — a 
mentally retarded prisoner, it later 
transpired, trying to kill himself 
The wedding itself finally went off 
without a hitch. _ __ 


Why this U-turn in the skies? 

by Nicholas Bethell 

A British cabinet minister will 
today address one of our most 
important law making bodies and 
seek to persuade it towards a 
derision that will affect millions of 
people a year. However, there has 
been no parliamentary discussion 
on the proposal at issue, no 
member of the press or public will 
be present and the vote wffl be 
taken in secret. We will be told 
what has been decided, or the gist 
of it only in communiqu£s issued 
after the session is over. 

The body is the European 
Community's Council of Min- 
isters, which is meeting under the 
chairmanship of John Moore; the 
Transport Secretary, to decide 
how much we ought to pay for 
European air travel. In recent 
weeks officials have put together a 
package. It is. Moore hopes, a 
compromise that all 12 transport 
ministers can accept, an important 
breakthrough on the way to a 
more liberal air travel regime and 
cheaper fores. 

In fact, the more one hears 
about it - and one has to probe 
deeply in order to find out even a 
little - the more dangerous the 
plan appears and the more likely 
to delay rather than hasten the day 

when we win be able to fly to the 
Continent at a reasonable price. 

Most of the 1 2 governments arc. 
It seems, ready to allow some 
relaxation in some of their rigid 
rules. The “Saturday-night rule”, 
which allows discount tickets only 
to those passengers able to spend a 
weekend abroad, may be repeated 
and replaced with a less 
restriction. A system 
arbitration taking into account 
consumer interests as well as 
airline profitability, with a decid- 
ing vote held by an arbiter 
appointed by the president of the 
Council of Ministers, is included 
in the deaL 

There is also provision for 
airlines to operate routes on a 
more competitive basis than the 
previous 50/50 share out — 55/45 
in the first two years and 60/40 in 
the third. This might allow private 
airlines a piece of valuable routes 
presently controlled by the na- 
tional carriers of the two points an 
the route. 

Against this, though, there is the 
asto nishing proposal, apparently 
supporte d b y the British side, to 
exempt EEC airlines from the 
competition-rules of the Treaty of 
Rome. This would be to legitimize 

a system which Britain has. pub- 
licly condemned as unlawful and 
to prejudice legal actions, includ- 
ing my own, currently before foe 
courts in Britain and West Ger- 

It would undermine the Euro- 
pean Commission's investigators 
who are tow awaiting replies from 
ten airlines which, they suggest, 
have for years been operating 
illegal tariff agreements. It would 
for the first time put the seal of 
approval on the cartel, under 
which airlines fix fores by mutual 
agreement and share oat foe joint 
revenue. This system’ would be 
allowed to continue and Brussels, 
which has at last embarked on 
resolute action under pressure 
from Commissioner PWer Suther- 
land, would be blocked. 

Airlines would sill be able to 
keep fores high by exploiting their 
duopoly. British Airways, for in- 
stance, has in the past year raised 
its Lcradoa-Paris Serine fere by 
10.11 per cent, making it- at £98 
for 209 miles - one of the most 
expensive in foe world On 
London-Axnsterdam, by contrast, 
the fore has gone up by ably 4.7 
per cent This is because British 
Midland has come on to foe route 

at cheaper rates, so providing 

How can one explain tins 
<a;wi/frn cftsmg e of policy? The 
iniquity of the airline cartel has 
been a clarion cry of secretaries of 
state from John Nott in 1980 to 
Nicholas Ridley earlier this year. 
One may speculate on tbe need [to 

irate a success of the British 
presidency, to understand the 
problems of member states whose 
airlines are weaker than ours and, 
perhaps - more importantly, to 
dear the decks of legal encum- 
brances before BA is privatized 
next year. 

None of this though can justify 
what is on foe table in secret 
session in London today, _with the 
House of Commons waiting to be 
opened hr the Queen and the 
European Parliament nnahte as 
yet to influence the outcome: an 
acceptance by Britain — against 
the Commission's advice, against 
the interest of British passengers 
and private airlines — of what 
Britain has long seen as a-scan- 
dalous violation of law. 

Q Ttew IN w«p «p T» , tan. - 

Lord Bethell is -a Member of the 
European Parliament and ■ chair- 
man of Freedom of the Skies. 

The Queen's Speech on Wednes- 
day was until recently expected to 
include an announcement of leg- 
islation to impose a new tax, based 
on a principle never before in- 
troduced in this country's laws, 
which, if enacted, would instit- 
utionalize a grotesque injustice, 
besides being unworkable in prac- 
tice and for good measure in 
breach of Britain's obligations 
under the Treaty of Rome. 

Hints have now been dropped 
to suggest that the proposed 
legislation may not be included in 
foe government’s programme af- 
ter all, but foe hinters have made 
clear that the measure has not 
been abandoned, only postponed 
until a more convenient time. If 
foe hinters are mistaken, or 
practising psychological warfare, 
and the legislation goes ahead, it 
will provide an excellent opportu- 
nity for foe House of Commons to 
practise that independence of 
spirit of which it is constantly 
boasting by uniting in a tripamsan 
determination to throw it out. 

If as is more likely, they prefer 
boasting to action, it is probable 
that there will never be a better 
case for foe House of Lords, which 
truly does have the independence 
that foe Commons only talks 
about, to reject, in the name of 
both freedom and fiscal propriety, 
a bill which no government has 
any business introducing, let alone 
this one. If however, the introduc- 
tion of foe new lax is postponed, 
there should be a campaign, inside 
and outside Parliament, to ensure 
that any government wishing to 
introduce it in foe future will race 
more trouble than it could pos- 
sibly be worth. 

And now it is time for me to tell 
you what 1 am talking about 

The record industry, one of the 
richest, and certainly the greediest, 
of businesses, has managed to 
persuade foe government to im- 
pose a tax (railed instead, in a 
characteristically shifty euphem- 
ism, a “levy’O on all blank 
recording sound tapes. It is ex- 
pected that the extra charge, and 
foe VAT on it will amount to 
almost 20 per cent of foe cost of a 
cassette. The money collected will 
go not into the public revenue, but 
to foe record companies; it is 
estimated that they will collect an 
extra £12 million a year to put to 
their already gigantic profits. 

The excuse for this robbery is 
that some people are in foe habit 
of buying blank cassettes and then 
recording on to them other tapes 
or discs, thus depriving the artists 
and manufacturer's of the income 
foe recorded material would gen- 
erate (most of it would go to the 
manufacturers, and frequently all, 
since many artists assign their 
copyright for a lump sum). 

This action is without doubt in 

Bernard Levin 

not of a kind that would permit 
customs officers to inquire 

Wipe this 
tape injustice 
clean away 

whether imported tape has been 
\ black 

bought levy-free, a black market 
will instantly staring up; that is 
what has happened iir Germany, 
which has had a levy for many 
years; it is estimated that the blade 
market accounts for between 15 
and 20 per cent of tape sales. 
Moreover, the proposed method 
of co llecting riistrihating the 
lax, if it follows foetoralaiddcrwn 
in the White Paper of April this 
year, would be one of the most 
incomprehensible, wasteful - and 
chaotic imposts in the history of 
taxation, which may be thought an 
extravagant claim; having just 
road through the document four 
times, I ran assure foe sceptical 
that it is, if anything, an under- 
statement. Besides, the naivety 
which foe scheme has been drawn 
op may be judged by this enchant- 
ingly idiotic passage: 

It wffl be for the manufacturers 
and importers themselves or oth- 
ers in the retail chain to decide 
whether to passon the whole cost ■ 
of the levy to consumers or - 
whether to absorb the cost them- 
selves, either wholly or in part. 

Worse still is the proposal for 
relief from the tax. Blind people, 
for instance, make great use of 
tape; so do schools. But nobody 
will be exempt; those entitled to 
levy-free tapes must first pay the 

levy, then reclaim it and even that 
is not foe worst, for 

breach of copyright law, and foe 
is true of t 

same is true ol the taping of 
broadcast material (The music 
industry used to issue a licence, 
the holders of which were entitled 
to tape copyright material for their 
own private purposes; foe fee for 

the licence was ridiculously small, 
the industry took care not to 
promote or publicize it, and a few 
years ago, in order to help their 
campaign for a tax, they abolished 
it, so that they could plead even 
greater hardship from the loss of 
foe licence revenue.) 

Now not even foe record in- 
dustry denies that millions of 
tapes are sold to people who use 
them solely for purposes which do 
not breach any copyright, from 
recording their, babies’ first 
gurglings to a wide variety of 
educational purposes. Yet in a 
measure without precedent the 
innocent are to be penalized as 
though they are guilty; it is as if 
people who do not own television 
sets were obliged none the less to 
pay foe £58 license fee, or cydists 
were forced to pay motor-car 

The music industry argues that 
it is impossible to “police" the sale 
of tapes, and that there is therefore 
no way of recouping the lost 
revenue other than foe tax. As it 
happens, there are two ways; one 
is for them to do their own levying 
by increasing the price of their 
cassettes and distributing foe extra 

equitably among themselves, and 
the other is by re-introducing the 
licence, this time set at a realistic 
figure and properly advertised. 
But I am not primarily concerned 
with the music industry, what I 
want to know is how Mis 
Thatcher, of all people, came to be 
sold such a pup. 

There are, of course, the usual 
lobbyists working for foe tax on 
behalf of foe manufacturers (I 
have been long of the opinion that 
an MFs obligation to declare an 
interest should be extended by 
obliging him not to vote on foe 
matter in which he has it), but I 
cannot quite see foe Prime Min- 
ister being persuaded byfoenx. For 
look what it is that she has been 
persuaded oft that the government 
should organize a subsidy for an 
immensely wealthy industry not- 
orious for rapacity and greed, 
which neither needs nor deserves 
any such largesse, and to organize 
it, moreover, in a manner which 
tn ^ mizrajuoj u srira^ requiring 

they are law-breakers. - 

Nor do those considerations 
exhaust foe absurdity of the 
measure. Since, in law, the tax is 

apart from. 
Mind people, foe exemption will 
apply only to foe members of 
organizations designated as en- 
titled to buy tax-free tape, so that 
even an individual who can prove ' 
that he makes no unlawful" use of 
tape mil still have to pay. 

The thousands of bureaucrats 
who will have to be recruited to 
administer m unworkable scheme 
will, no doubt, do wonders for foe 
unemployment statistics, as wffl 
foe makers and printers of forms 
(perhaps that is what persuaded 
her), and in any rase the whole 
thing is a waste of time; there are 
now complaints before foe EEC 
Commission, seeking a declara- 
tion that the tax is unlawful as 
being in breach of the Rome 
Treaty's prohibition against res- 
triction of trade among member 
states, and as far as I can see the 
proposal wffl be knocked on .the 
head at jnst about the time it 
comes into law in Britain, assum- 
ing that it figures in Wednesday’s 
Queen’s Speech. 

But I return incondusionto foe 
principle that is under assault in 
this matter. Because yon you have 
gone bankrupt, / must reimburse 
your creditors; because you have 
lost your door key, I must sleep 
out; because you are inthe habit of 
parking on yellow lines, I must 
pay an extra tax on my car. These 
examples are not more absurd 
than what is seriously proposed in 
foe tape-tax legislation, which for 
foe first time in our lawwfll mulct 
foe. innocent for the actions of foe 
guilty. Is that what Mrs Thatcher 
wants to go into history .for? 

6 Urn— W— i | np— . 1H. 

Shultz: loyalty strained to the limit 


If George Shultz resigns over the 
reported arms deal with Tehran, 
he wffl be the third secretary of 
state in seven years to leave office 
in disagreement with Middle East 
policy, and the second brought 
down by a bungled White House 
operation in Iran. Alexander Haig, 
Shultz's predecessor, left office in 
foe middle of the Lebanon crisis. 
Cyrus Vance, President Carter's 
secretary of state for most of his 
term, went in bitterness ai the 
abortive military operation to 
rescue foe US hostages in 1979 - a 
plan he had resolutely opposed. 

But for Shultz to gp now would 
have an ever greater impact. First, 
it would come immediately after 
the Republican losses in foe 
midterm elections last Tuesday, 
embarrassing the embattled White 
House and heightening the view of 
many that Reagan is becoming a 
lame duck in His last two years. 
Secondly, the circumstances surr- 
ounding a resignation would be 
extremely damaging to US 
credibility and to foe president 
personally. It is not simply that 
Shultz disagreed with this or that 
policy, what has angered him is his 
belief that he has been deliberately 
misled by Reagan and his White 
House team. He and Caspar 
Weinberger, the Defence Sec- 
retary, have been made to look 
foolish in the eyes of their friends 
in the Middle East and in those of 
foe world generally — preaching a 
tough message on terrorism and 
lecturing the Europeans on foe 
need for solidarity while belonging 

to an administration that was 
secretly arming one of the nations 
high cm America's terrorist blade- 

Thirdly, and most importantly, 
Shultz is now a man of consid- 
erable stature and influence, al- 
most indispensable to President 
Reagan. Some people have begun 
to describe him as an American 
prime minister. His loss at a time 
when Reagan is groping for a way 
to get arms control negotiations 
with foe Russians lack on track 
after Reykjavik would be a severe 
setback, possibly crippling any 
chance for success within the last 
two years of his term. 

Not only does Shultz know all 
foe ins and outs of foe negotia- 
tions, having spent days in inten- 
sive negotiations with his Soviet 
opposite number, Eduard 
Shevardnadze, but he is familiar 
with the worries and interests of 
the Nato allies, the bureaucratic 
opposition within the administra- 
tion to arms control, and foe 
whole range of other East-West 
issues. There is virtually no one 
else able to summon up such a 
wealth of experience. 

It has not always been so. Often 
Shultz appeared to have been 
worsted in the in-fighting, or 
eclipsed by Weinberger. He has 
supported policies that have failed 
* disastrously — as in Lebanon in 
1982 He has been the target of a 
sustained effort by foe conser- 
vatives to oust him. He has for 
months at a time been so low-key 
as almost to be off foe keyboard. 

Bui Shultz is a patient man, a 

Shultz: made to look a fool 
team player. He has known when 
to reassert himrff, and his counter- 
attacks have been effective. He has 
championed the policy of striking 
back at terrorists. He has argued 
forcefully and successfully against 
any reinterpretations of the 1972 
Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty. And 
he has displayed some well-timed 
public emotion and tub-thumping 
patriotism. Shultz's stature has 
grown particularly in recent 
months, with Reagan decisively 
committed to better relations with 
foe Russians and to seeking an 
arms agreement, Shultz has laid 
foe groundwork for foe president's 
policies. He has fended off sniping 
from foe right, and without any 
public dogfight has managed to 
protect himself from foe views 
and ambitions of Weinberger. 

His loyalty is particularly val- 
uta House, for he has 

ued at foe White) 
gone in to bat for the president 

even ax times when- he has most 
strongly disagreed — his stout 
defence of Reagan's renunciation 
of foe Salt2 arms treaty this 
summer was a classic example. - 

For this reason he is especially 
angry now. He made his opposi- 
tion to any arms -deal with Iran 
abundantlydeax,andexpected his 
views to cany enough weight to 
stop the. kind of capers that have 
dearly been going on. 

Of course he may not resign. A 
hot-tempered man, he has threat- 
ened resignation several times 
before, on issues ranging from the 
president's decision on Salt to 
such simple matters as his opposi- 
tion to foe proposed lkHtetector 
tests for all senior administration 
officials. He - knows well how 
disastrous his departure would be, may be persuaded there is 
enough unfinished business for 
him to swallow his pride, as he has 
in foe past, and soldier on. 

Much depends on how lag a row 
develops within foe US ova 1 the 
Iranian arms deals. Congress is 
already threatening hearings a nd 
Shultz could find- his loyalty 
severely stretched at such public 
inquisitions. '■ 

If he stays, he- wffl have to 
decide now whai about Iran, 
and how to get foe administration 
out of an embarrassing mess. It 
will be a tough task, but one that 
Shultz's stodgy hyw-key patience 
appears suited for. All depends on 
how much trust remains between 
him am] his president. 

Michael Binyon 

Michael Mea dowcroft 

it in 



Sometime ago l saw an advertise- 
ment in a radical bookshop m 
Leeds for a public meeting on the 
subject “Regrouping foe Lenr. I 
happened to be free that day mtd 
so, with a couple of Liberal 
colleagues, I duly turned up at foe 
door. Gently but firmly we were 
refused admission on foe grounds 
that the meeting was -for * i mem- 
bers and supporters oftbe Labour 
Party" only.' We had a short 
discussion as to bow one identi- 
fied “supporters" as opposed to 
“mem b ers", but as we were 
Plainly in -neither category ire cad 
to abandon our quest for inteUeo- 
tual «twwiilatioii-- - - 
. Our experience is but one 
example of a. fairly recent trend m 
British pohtics: foe intern a l izin g 
of debate within parties and an 
unwillingness to enter foe arena of 
broader 'discussion of issues. It is 
as if even tocontemplate doing so 
is an admission of intellectual 

Even debates in Parliament are 
increasingly ritualistic denunci- 
ations of the other ride without 
any attempt" to persuade by 'force 
of seasoned argument. Scoring 
points - fa apparently more im- 
portant than winning points. I 
believe there would have been 
many more Conservative rebels 
on a number of contentious issues 

in recent years' bad the nature and 
style of foe Labour attack not 
made' it more difficult to vote in 
foe Opposition lobby. 

this attitude extends also , to 
organizations or campaigns which 
purport to be aiming to win 
support and to ameliorate existing 
policy but which give a plat form 
only to politi cians who agree with 
them: A recent example is the re* 
eneactment of the Jarrow march. 
The public rally in London was 
addressed by a succession, of 
Labour politicians as if no one else 
had any legitimate case to put — 
or, worse, foe campaigners did not 
feel that four advocacy of their 
case would influence anyone else. 
It is not only shortsighted but 
positively dangerous to believe 
that only in sbine socialist miflen- 
nium, however unlikely or far 
distant, can one's grievances be 

. Other instances of this trend 
away from pluralism are the cases 
of Ray Honeyford and David 
Sdboume and foe censorship by 
force of certain speakers at univer- 
sities. The dangers inherent in a 
belief that might is right and that 
power can be misused to choke or 
inhibit opporitibn are im m ense. 
We need to realize that all these 
individual cases are, in fact, 
linked, It is tod easy to believe that 
each case fa isolated and does not 
have a wider significance. 

' In my view history wffl show 
that the Honeyforit case marked a 
crucial watershed inthe attack on 
political pluralism. The head- 
master of Drummond Middle 
School' in Bradford, he was even- 
tually forced otit .of bis job after a 
sustained and vicious campaign 
against him. I hold no brief tor 
Honeyfond's views; nor for hfa 
somewhat clumsy and provoc- 
ative expression of them, but it fa 
vital to maintain foe right of an 
individual to question' poficy. 

In essence Honeyford’s -com- 
ments centred on two points, 
firstly, that in a school 85 per cent 

of whose pupils arc of Asian 
origin, foe education of foe 
rerSng 15 per cent suffers; 
secondly, that more should be 
done to equip cft2drcn from Asan 
families to cope with mash 

Those views are either correct, 
in which case they should be 
considered and answered; or they 
are wrong, in wbttfo case ttay 
should be challenged and de- 
feated. They should not b e deal t 
with by getting rid of foe propo- 
nent. & retrospect I regret that I 

fod not perceive early enough the 
significance oftbe Honeyford case# 
and its retationritip to foe whole 
question of plurafism- 

By all accounts Honeyford is a 
difficult man to deal with, but that 
fa no reason for removing him. 

- .. - . j m i.L. 

only as a consequence of 
actions, not their opinions, 
providing always that these opin- 
ions are expressed within foe law. 

ponder for a moment foe 
implications otherwise. Presum- 
ably we would then have some 

sot only whether each indiviL___ 
was actually doing the job m 
accordance with council or gov- 
ernment policy but also whether 
he agreed wjfo foe policy itself 
Then when coundl control, or foe 
government, clanged there would 
be wholesale sackings as, by 
definition, the existing staff u 
such sensitive posts coaid not 
agree with the new policy. 

is equally significant. Rather than 
confronting David Sdbouroe’s 
views intellectually within the 
academic context, tire hades 
union students resorted to picket- 
ing his lectures. Arc such smdents, 
like those in other universities 
who attempt to prevent views 
being expressed that they regard as 
extreme, really raying that they do 
not feel capable of putting forward 
convincing arguments? Are those 
in politics who now manipulate 
the parse strings to entrench their 
control saying that they know they 
cannot win votes by open persua- 

It fa not just the political left 
that has undermined pluralism. 
The present government chose to 
ah ntish the GLC and the metro- 
politan counties rather than seek • 
to win control of them by a 
reasoned approach to the elec- 

torate. It has pursued a deter- 
of putting its place 

mined policy 
men and women on 
such as regional and 

ict health 

Nevertheless it fa Labour that 
has - at least been dear about its 
intentions. In its 1973 programme 
ft .said that its. “common central 
purpose" was to “bring about a 
fundamental and i rreversible-shift 
in foe balance of power and wealth 
in favour of working people and 
then families". 

A worthy - and legitimate aim, 
but fin the one word “irrev- 
ersible". fn a democratic, pluralist 
society nothing is irreversible — 
unless sustained by illegitimate 
means designed to stifle opposty 
tkm and to manipulate the elec- 
toral process. 

Caveat emptor. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Leeds West. 

moreover . ... . Miles Kington 

is out 

We often read, in descriptions of 
major murder trials, that the jury 
has retired to a hold for the night 

before resuming its deliberations 
it We are never told, 

the next day. 
however, just .what ifs like in this 
hotel for the twelve good persons 
and true, as they, ponder the 
evidence. Now at last we am learn 
the truth in a major new novel 

The Jury Murders! 

“Well," said the foreman of the 
jury, “tiiis fa foe moment we’ve all 
beat waiting for. This is . our 
chance to take a vote on whether 
we think he did it or not" 

The case had attracted a great 
deal of publicity in the papers. 
After all, it is not every day that 
foe entire board of directors of a 
major company is wiped out 
They had set out in an executive 
jet to visit 'anew factory, but the 
plane crashed en route — the result 
of sabotage. The chief suspect was 
the one director who had sur- 
vived, Jack Lemass, who had 
suddenly backed oat of the trip ten 
minutes before -the - plane had 
taken off 

“Of coarse he’s guilty," said 
Basil: Friday. “All the evidence is 
overwhelming. He had motive, 
oppoitumty. cverything. Why, he 
was eves seen with his head inside 
foe engine -half an hour before 

businessman. If they disagreed 
violently, they could split the jury 
between them. * 

“Well, well take a vote i 
anyway" he said. After much 
fiddling of paper and pencil, the 
vote came- to 7-5 in favour of 
guilty. It wasn't a promising start 
“l quite fancy these pencils," 
said WaDy May hew. “I'd like to 
take some back to my ldds. What 
say we send out to the police for 
another set?" 

“For God's sake, Mayhew," 
broke in Basil, “this is meant to be 
a serious murder trial, not one of 
your East End fiddfesT 
“You little creep," said Mayhew 
succinctly. “If you was -down the 
EastEnd, you’d be put out in foe 
morning for the dustman to take 

Not surprisingly, they did not 
reach a verdict that afternoon, and 
the judge told them they would be 
spending the night in a hotel. ^ 
While they were sitting around .- 1 
that evening in foe hotel lounge, 
after a communal dinner, the * 
•foreman went over to chat to -- 

Professor Friday, 
"Not quite Twt 

is it?" he said. 

“I don’t think he did it?* said 
Wally Mayhew. "He was just 
nervous about going on a trip in a 
little plane 12te that Stiewth, those 
things spare me to death as well 
All right, he backed out, but -so 
what?, rd have backed, out and 
air ... : ; - ... 

' “then who do you think did 
it?" snapped Basil 

“The poKce;” said WaDy. “I 
think they framed him for it" . 

“That is quite ' foie ' most 

“Yes; yes,” interrupted the fore- 
man, quickly. He had'been afraid 
there was going co be a dash like 
this ever since he had seen the 
instinctive dislike between Friday, 
the pedantic pro fe s so r , and Wally 
Mayhew, the outspoken Cockney 

fwetve Angry Men, 
Td expected 
bit more soph- 

“With Mayhew on foe Jury? 
That man fa a disgrace to the vet? 
concept of logical discourse!" 

, “He’s only winding you tip. 
professor." • . 

“Winding meup? That fa not an 
expression with which ! am famil- 
iar. You seem to have . been 

WaflyMayhew.and lam cot ent- 
irely surprised; foe company -of 
rogues fikehim is always strangely 
attractive. Perhaps it fa only me 
who finds him strangely rep- 

The foreman sighed, ft was so 
difficult running a jury with two 
egocentric maniacs on it. If only 
there were just one of them . . : 

His wish was granted in a most 
unexpected way. Next morning 
Professor Basil Friday was found 
murdered in his bed. 

(Goodness, how exciting! 

miss tomorrow's gripping episode) 

; . -ii 



-line , 


UfPJP LxljSk> 

■ - < i-- 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 0M81 4100 


.'Sir Terence Beckett, whose last 
"national conference as director 
general of the Confederation of 
: British Industry formally 
« opens in Bournemouth this 
i morning, could be excused a 

v goffered, by the Chancellor in 
'tus autumn statement. There 
••Vr twill be more money for roads, 
•VUVtfrouses and much else that the 
4 i,CBI has long called for under 
>7 the code word infrastructure, 
/f. jl and a boost for education and 
.r' y ••training, which has attracted 
'■V' 'more conference resolutions 
. V : than any other subject. . 

- >•' -r The accomodation between 

■ ■*'' 7the CBI and the Government 
» v ‘ . is now. complete. As Sir Ter- 

- -I" trace is only too well aware, 
-CBI lobbying was not crucial 
*“£■ :to this turn of events. Indeed, 
, 5 Sir Terence has had the mis- 
•V ' Tortune to be at the helm 
.H “during the period when the 
.CBrs influence on economic 
' 5 policy has plummeted. 

~ r - That was inevitable. Mrs 
o - Thatcher perceptively rejected 
> ;k corporate state in which 
*->; “government sat down with 

■ f "representatives of business 

■ -tv. and trade unions to reach 

“short-term tripartite com- 
promises incompatible with 
-.the drastic medicine needed by 

■ Mhe British economy. 

” --‘As an institution, the CBI 

. , ; h - '-suffered more than the Trades 
. HJnion Congress from this 
V V reversal of postwar trends. The 
r CBI in its present guise was set 
v- ' i up as a representative business 

- * counterweight to the TUC. Its 
‘^-annual national conference 

». 'was started to attract com- 
' v ■ parable publicity for the voice- 
' and interests of industry when 
..corporatism and union sway 
•*-: ' were at their malign peak. 
r - Its members are naturally 
. .'conservative on national pol- 

- icy because business can plan 
. : - and thrive best under stable 
. -- - economic conditions. That is a 

7: continuing CBI theme, now 
-• 7 : . surfacing in enthusiasm for 

■ r . : : fixing, sterling within the Euro- 

* pean Monetary System. 

. .. The prospect of a sixth year 

of steady economic growth, 
tranquil industrial relations 
and more stable prices — if not 
interest and exchange rates — 
lay beyond the business ho- 
rizon in 1980. Sir Terence, 
then at his first conference, 
faithfully reflected the ire of 
CBI members paying the 
heavy initial cost of the eco- 
nomic reforms behind this 

Under the presidency of Sir 
James Oemmson, who retired 
earlier this year, the organiza- 
tion has recovered its poise. 
The CBI Council and many 
members have responded to 
the new climate in which 
industry looks first to itself 
rather than government to be 
more competitive and respon- 
sive to social problems. The 
voice of the whingeing ten- 
dency has grown tired. 

On more detailed issues, the 
CBI is again listened to and 
carries clout. Its leaders are 
more familiar visitors in 
Downing Street than is gen- 
erally supposed. 

* The search for a new role, 
however, is only at the experi- 
mental stage. It will be a prime 
task for Mr John Banham, 
who takes over as director 
general at the end of the year. 
Just as Sir Terence arrived 
with the concerns ofhis time — 
principally to stop government 
clobbering business — so Mr 
Banham’s proclaimed priority 
is for the CBI to help raise 
industry's competitiveness. 

CBI business conferences 
have emphasized mutual aid 
as well as boosting its finances. 
The regional councils, from 
which Mr Hickson, the new 
CBI president springs, remain 
more lively and positive than 
the centre, perhaps because 
their members have a stronger 
common focus of interest The 
diversity of the CBTs member- 
ship, from state industries and 
multinationals to small firms 
and venturers, allows it to 
speak as representative. But 
complaints about the eco- 
nomic weather can sometimes 

' be the only common denomi- 
nator in the message which 

A year ago, Sir Terence 
made a ringing call for lower 
pay settlements to preserve 
competitiveness. His “nowt 
for nowt** formula was 
conspicuously ignored. 

In recent months, the more 
limited target of a 2 per cent 
cot in settlements has come 
nearer; at a time when public 
sector settlements have moved 
up, But a number of resolu- 
tions for Bournemouth reject 
the significance of pay settle- 
ments in favour of simply 
keeping down unit labour 
costs through productivity - 
reflecting a culture very dif- 
ferent from the national pay 
settlements that still domi- 
nates the CBrs traditional 
heartland. A call from CBI 
leaders for members to invest 
more in job-creating expan- 
sion, while certainly justified, 
would probably meet with a 
similarly dusty response. . 

The leadership has also been 
looking longingly at Japan's 
Keidanren, nearest foreign 
equivalent to the CBL It has 
organized some young exec- 
utives to look into the twenty- 
first' century, a favourite 
Japanese preoccupation. It 
would also love to emulate the 
dose cooperative relationship 
with government that Japan’s 
big business enjoys. But such 
relationships, even if they were 
available, would hardly sit 
naturally with the CBFs much 
wider spread of membership. 

In Bournemouth, however, 
there will .be more pressing 
political matters. The Autumn 
Statement will have stilled any 
lingering doubts that 
industry’s trade union will 
endorse Mrs Thatcher with an 
enthusiasm more genuine than 
could have been imagined a 
few years ago. And, having had 
a good look at Labour's poli- 
cies, Sir Terence would do well 
to brush up the old rhetoric 
just in case it is needed 

- --'.The political wells of southern 
3 Africa have tong been poi- 
7 ’ soned by black Africa’s loath- 
..: ; Jng of apartheid, by Pretoria’s 
‘ “'fear of hostile encirclement 
. and by its readiness to deliver 
:7 Short, sharp shocks to neigh- 
-hours who provide aid and 

- -succour to the African Na- 
t'.tional Congress. 

. .T? Forabriefmoment.withthe 
‘ r signing two years ago of the 
Nkomati Accord between 

• vSouth Africa’s Mr P W Botha 

and Mozambique’s President 
—■ ^‘Samora Macbel it seemed that 
■ • ; pragmatism might triumph in 

\ • ' •„* the recognition that, if the 
■" countries of the region did not 
hang together, they would 
_ i* . - T almost almost certainly hang 
* : ) , ^ j t* separately. 

It proved an evanescent 
•> , v y hope. In the past few months 

> ■?* : 1 " A , ' the pro-sanctions rhetoric of 
^Zambia and Zimbabwe, both 
;:of which face starvation 
should they match their words 
.{.with deeds, and Pretoria’s 
' " predictably hostile, if still rel- 
atively low-key response, have 

• ’ produced something close to a 
. war psychosis in the Front 
. ..Line States. The hysteria 
. r* which emipted after President 

i-iMachd's death in a plane 
crash on South African tem- 
■ tory was merely a symptom of 

- - -that psychosis. Another is the 
" document, apparently genu- 
ine, recovered from the wreck- 

^ age of Machel’s plane which 
• ~rpro ports to reveal a Mozambi- 
. <■. can-Zimbabwean plot to over- 


throw President Kamuzu 
Banda of Malawi ? 

The reason is not far to seek. 
Some 85 per cent of 
Zimbabwe’s foreign trade is 
either with or through South 
Africa. If Prime Minister 
Mugabe is to- put his money 
where bis mouth his, his 
country will have to become 
totally dependent on the rail- 
way line from Zimbabwe to 
the Mozambican port of Beira 
— a link which, despite the 
strong but largely ineffectively 
Zimbabwean military pres- 
ence, is disrupted at will by the 
anti-Marxist Rename guerril- 
las who have also reduced 
much of Mozambique to eco- 
nomic wasteland. 

It is common cause that 
Renamo bands wander freely 
across the Malawiau- 
Mozambican border which 
arbitrarily divides tribes who 
value kinship above national- 
ity. It is equally common cause 
that President Banda is not 
greatly loved by fellow African 
leaders, like most of them the 
80 year old former physician 
who has presided over Malawi 
since its independence in -1963 
is the virtual dictator of a one- 
party state. But there the 
resemblance ends. He is nei- 
ther Marxist, African Socialist, 
nor army general. He has not 
sought international fame 
through berrating the West nor 
hosting Non-Aligned sum- 
mits. His country is poor and 
without natural resources yet it 
is not one of the world’s beggar 

nations. It is. one of the few 
states in the region which 
exports food. In striking con- 
trast to Zimbabwe, Zambia 
and Mozambique it boasts a 
positive economic growth rate. 
President Banda therefore is a 
dictator, but of the wrong sort 
to win the world’s attention or 
its sympathy. Moreover al- 
though he pays his dues to the 
organization of African unity 
he also, for purely pragmatic 
reasons, main tains diplomatic 
relations with Pretoria. 

The politicians of Zim- 
babwe, haunted by their 
dependence on South Africa, 
and their counterparts 'in 
Mozambique, tormented by 
their inability to make their 
writ run further than the gates 
of Maputo, connected the 
South African links with the 
inability of Malawi's small 
army to control the movement 
of Renamo rebels across the 
lengthy border with Mozam- 

If the plot was genuine and 
had it been successful it would 
have destroyed one of the 
continent's few stable and 
marginally successful coun- 
tries and the irrational pursuit 
of sanctions, whatever the 
cost, would have claimed its 
first casualty. As it is, the fear 
and hysteria engendered by 
sanctions and fuelled by 
conspiracy and talk of conspir- 
acy could yet produce the 
match for which the tinderbox 
of southern Africa is waiting. 


of thin week sees the answers: obstruction by force was borne out by the con- 
'S anniverary of the signing or passive disobedie nce of fcrence decisions. Mr 
‘of the Hillsborough Agree- government, moves suspected McCartney tras defeated; his 
'-.menTbetwemfcBrtti^^ of presaging Irish unity; m- leader Mr Molyneau* caBed 
1 SgOTeraSems. The sound fluendng and operating tothe for a temporary halt to the 
-and &y of unionist protest best advantage Westminster's rethintang of party plulos- 
wil! be heard over the next few political plans (in short, sup- ophy. He went on toput a little 

mune neara 0 port for devolution); and lastly distance between himself and 

• y rtamp aigning for the Integra- Mr Paisley’s Democratic 

■■■ These defiant stances reveal t j on 0 f Northern Ireland into Unionists -they were united in 
deeply-felt emotions among the United Kingdom. The case opposition to the Agreement 
.unionists but conceal a politi- f or 0 f these has been but had agreed to differ on 

cal paralysis. The annual con- vigorously prosecuted over the tactics. Any disavowal of the 
ference of the Official Unionist twelve months and has veiled, and occasionally frank. 

Party held at the weekend, opined some additional sup- threats of violence by Mr 
took place almost entirely m port Paisley and his colleagues can 

the* S'- Inadvoealmgftislinetolus “Sttlt’oSmot'be any sub- 
wlmritv and self-doubt which colleagues, Mr Robert aitute for a strategy forunion- 
unionism’s main McCartney made one ppmt lsnL unionists fece a stark 

ference decisions. Mr 
McCartney was defeated; his 
leader, Mr Molyneaux called 
for a temporary halt to the 
rethinking of party philos- 
ophy. He went on to put a little 
distance between himself and 
Mr Paisley’s Democratic 
Unionists - they were united in 
opposition to foe Agreement 
but had agreed to differ on 

* i Mhjl UMW . * &l*i**W * 

took place almost entirely m p^t 

- private. Thcswrecy *** In advocating this line to his 

colleagues, Mr Robert 
iS^ubtes unionism’s main McCartney made ' « 
politST organization. The which is significant b^raad the 
Knee of theAgreement has the aigumratover migration. 
"SSSetey question He described his party as 
Sfhas faced unionists for paralysed and akin to Mr 
'the last fifteen years: what is Micawber, waitingfor some- 
rheir best defenajagaliist their thing to turn up. That some- 
w^ighto^^tpota- thing could be a ctoge of 
IJr? [ : nt o foe Republic of government south of foe bor- 
uon into me *cpuu g a hung parliament at 

.Ireland. Westminster or a Labour gov- 

' Regarding the protection oi- emment ^placing foe Conser- 
. fered by mere statute as mad- 

generally <* ** The accuracy of this ariadc 

Paisley and his colleagues can 
only be welcome. 

But it cannot be any sub- 
stitute for a strategy for union- 
ism. The unionists free a stark 
choice which has been placed 
before them as a consequence 
of the opportunities which 
have been missed on all sides 
overfoe last fifteen years. They 
can exercise considerable in- 
fluence on such institutions as 
exist, from the intergovern- 
mental council down to local 
authorities, or they can. sit on 
foe sidelines making futile 
gestures as the machinery of 
direct role passes (hem by. 


Burden on navigational costs 

From the President of the General 
Council of British Shipping and 

Sir, The prevision of lighthouses 
and other aids to the navigation of 
vessels around the coast of the 
British Isles is financed by a tax on 
merchant shipping entering and 
leaving our harbours. In 1985-86 
the receipts from this tax 
(euphemistically described as 
“light dues") amounted to about 
£44 million. 

Authorised expenditure by the 
General lighthouse Authorities, 
who provide the aids (Trinity 
House, the Northern Lighthouse 
Board and the Commissioners for 
Irish Lights) was some £59 mil- 
lion. The balance was met from 
reserves in the General Light- 
house Fund, held by Government 
but built up form light dues paid 
in past years. 

All of us concerned with the 
movement of passengers and 
freight to and from the UK by sea 
are fearful that the growing dis- 
parity between income and expen- 
diture wifl mean a massive 
increase in this tax within the next 
year or so as the reserves run 

The burden is already heavy (a 
large container ship entering a 
British port will pay £1 3,000 and a 
VLCC (very large crude carrier) 
£22,000 for a single visit). But 
when one considers that our near 
Continental neighbours (with 
ports such as Antwerp, Rotterdam 
and Hamburg) do not charge such 
dues at all, preferring to meet the 
cost from general taxation, the 
scale of the damage to British 
trade, British ports, British ships 
and the British consumer is 
readily apparent. The risks of 
diversion of trade are obvious if 

Teachers’ pay 

From the Headmaster of 
Elmbridge School Fyfield 
Sir, In the educational debate over 
“the Coventry agreement" and 
over the new proposals an- 
nounced a few days ago by Mr 
Kenneth Baker to settle the 
teachers' dispute (report, Novem- 
ber 3) three areas of dissatisfaction 
are frequently being voiced: 

1. If only 15 per cent of the staff of 
a school can aspire to the principal 
teaching grade, why should any- 
body else on the mam professional 
grade (MPG) be prepared to take 
on the additional responsibility 
and workload of running a depart- 
ment; resources, examinations etc 
without any financial reward? 

2. There win be limited promo- 
tional prospects for most teachers, 
either within the school or in other 
schools, so more staff will stay put. 
Teachers on the MFG will reach 
their maximum salary after 12 
years and. if Mr Baker’s proposal 
is carried through, this will happen 
after a mere nine years. 

3. The considerable difficulties in 
many areas of finding supply 
teachers to cover for absent col- 

I should like to put forward a 
possible solution to each of these 

dissatisf action*. 

Firstly, teachers on the MPG 
being given the responsibility of 
running a department should be 
recompensed for the extra work, 
not try payment in cash terms, but 
in a reduced teaching load. This 
will preserve the unity of the 
teachers being paid on a single 
professional scale. 

Secondly, the incremental scale 
for teachers should be extended in 
the MPG to 25 years and should 
go on to a higher maximum than is 
presently envisaged. It is psycho- 
logically important for the teacher 
not yet having reached the mid- 
point in his career to fed that year 
by year he is being rewarded for 
his experience and dedication to 
the profession. Regular in-service 
training can be built into a staff 
appraisal system as a safeguard 
against stagnation. 

Thirdly, if the ne w teachers' 

Museum charges 

From the Secretary of the British 
Museum (Natural History) 

Sir, Professor Harbury (Novem- 
ber 4) states that the prime 
question for museums is less how 
to raise money than how much to 
try for. 

This museum must try for 
about £1.5 million from ad- 
mission charges next year, that 
being the gap between its needs 
audits likely prevision from foe 
Government and all other 
sources. The scale of charges was 
calculated to bridge that gap and 
to provide free admission and 
reduced rates for as many visitors 
as possible. 

Without a substantial increase 
next year in fends from Govern- 
ment and/or the visiting public, 
this museum would have to halt 
its exhibition programme and 
educational services to schools, 
dose public galleries and reduce to 
a minimum its Duration of the 
national collections. 

Yours faithfully, 

R. SAUNDERS, Secretary, 

British Museum (Natural 

Cromwell Road, SW7. 

N ovember 6. 

In common currency 

From Mr William Fallows 
Sir, 1 was intrigued by the account 
(October 27) of Mr Cedric 
Hallam's grandpaternal arith- 
metic exercise book. It inspired 
me to turn out an old textbook 
which has been on the top shelf for 
some time. The title is The Tutor’s 
Assistant, by Francis WaHdngame, 
and is the 1 797 edition for which 
foe publishers had engaged a Mr 
Crosby to work every question 
anew ’so that many errors were 

The interesting point is that in 
the questions five pounds is 
written as 5 L but in the answers 

the cost of using British ports is 

Add to this the facts that British 
consumers and exporters finance, 
through this tax. two thirds of the 
cost of navigational aids for foe 
Irish Republic; that fishermen and 
yachtsmen, who are heavy users of 
the service, together with the 
Royal Navy, pay nothing; and that 
foe merchant ships that bear foe 
cost of the service are, in this 
electronic age. less and less depen- 
dent on external aids to safe 
navigation, and one has a classic 
case of this nation shooting itself, 
commercially, in foe foot. 

We are, of course, told that the 
Government has no money to 
spend on this kind of activity. 
With respect to all concerned, this 
response misses the point. The 
expenditure is being incurred 
already and is being paid for out of 
a specific and hypothecated tax. 

We do not dispute foe need for 
prudent expenditure on naviga- 
tion aids. We do dispute most 
strongly the methods used to raise 
the necessary money. 

Yours faithfullv. 

W. G. RUNOMAN, President, 
General Council of British 

(Chairman. British Pons Association), 
R. T. S. MACPHERSON (Chairman 
of Council, Association of British 
Chambers of Commerce). 

A H. MCQUILLAN (Chairman, 
British Shippers' Coancfl). 

Freight Transport Association), 

DAVID ROPNER (Chairman, 

Lights Advisory Committee. GCBSL 
General Council of British 

30-32 St Mary Axe, EC3. 
November 4. 

contract will be determining the 
number of classroom hours a 
teacher will normally be expected 
to serve, then “supply" for a 
teacher's absence could, and 
should, be undertaken by foe 
school staff as extra tuition or 
“overtime" for which they should 
be paid generously. It win still be 
cheaper for the local education 
authority than for a teacher to be 
brought in from outside the 
school Cover for absent staff from 
within the school will also be more 
efficient and more meaningful for 
foe pupils. 

Yours faithfully, 

W. K. LEIGHTON, Headmaster, 
Elmbridge ScfaooL, 


Ongar, Essex. 

November 1. 

From the General Secretary. Prof 
essional Association of Teachers 
Sir, Your front-page story today 
(November 3) on the Gov- 
ernment's intention to enhance 
foe authority and status of foe 
head teacher is the best news to 
reach foe education politics front 
for many a decade. 

Across the length and breadth of 
the country, the issue which most 
powerfully consumes the emo- 
tions of those in leadership po- 
sitions in schools is that of their 
increasing responsibilities set over 
against their diminishing powers 
to carry them out. Head teachers 
are at the end of their tether in 
being held responsible for every- 
thing while being empowered to 
do nothing. 

The endless interference of local 
politicians in areas of professional 
judgement has become a scandal 
of national dimensions. Kenneth 
Baker is to be warmly congratu- 
lated upon grasping the nettle that 
has become a stinging reminder of 
local political interference in mat- 
ters properly left to professionals 
in consultation with parents. 

Yours faithfully, 


General Secretary, 

Professional Association of 

99 Friar Gate, Derby. 

November 3. 

Inflation risks 

From Sir John Dilke 
Sir, It is argued by some experts 
with short memories and little 
foresight that interest rates are 
higher than they need be. Mr 
Mizrahi for example, in your 
columns (November 3) suggests 
that bond yields of 11 per cent are 
discounting too great an inflation 
risk. Can he so soon have forgot- 
ten what happened to our savings 
before the present Administration 
came in, and can he so lightly 
dismiss foe probable effect of their 
defeat at the next election? 

Up to 1980 the yield on savings 
was negative even before rax and 
had been for far too long, without 
reckoning ibe losses suffered by ah - 
savers through double-figure infla- 
tion, Now justice is at last being 
done, but anybody who considers 
foe policies of foe Opposition will 
know that if foe election goes 
wrong, perhaps next year, we shall 
be stuck again with confetti 

Yours truly, 




East Sussex. 

November 4. 

as £5. For example, one question 
is: **A broker bought for his 
principal in foe year 1720. 400 L 
capital stock in foe South Sea, at 
650 L per cent and sold it again 
when it was worth but 130 L per 
cent, how much was lost on the 
whole? Ans. £2080". 

This suggests to me that foe 
change in signs took place shortly 
before 1797. 

Yours faithfully. 


Tudor House, 




November 4. 

Getting the aid 
to Ethiopia 

From Dr Jeremy Swift 
Sir, Your Correspondent, Paul 
Vallely, reports (articles, October 
29, 30) foe ex-head of the Ethio- 
pian Relief and Rehabilitation 
Commission as saying; (i) that 
nine million people would have 
died in Ethiopia in foe recent 
famine without Western food aid; 
(ii) that foe present Ethiopian 
Government is impervious to 
foreign threats, relying only on foe 
army for its survival; (iii)that 
nevertheless Western food aid 
should be stopped in order to 
cause “a bloody chaos" to remove 
foe present Government. 

Luckily for foe rural poor in 
Ethiopia, many aid agencies take a 
different view. The non-gov- 
ernmental organisation have not 
only used their presence in Ethio- 
pia to save lives in the famine and 
help reconstruction, but also to 
keep up a constant dialogue with 
foe Government about more eff- 
ective rural development policies 
and about human rights. 

They have found important 
room for manoeuvre on rural 
development with local govern- 
ment and party officials, most of 
whom are committed and able to 
improve the miserable lot of poor 

With official aid organisations 
scarce on foe ground in foe 
■Ethiopian countryside, foe non- 
governmental organisations are 
also the main link between what is 
really happening there and foe 
outside world. It is not necessary 
to interview refugees in Somalia 
or Sudan to know what is going 
on; foe answer can be got in 
Ethiopia itself and, despite clear 
abuses, they are not all negative. 

Ethiopian farmers and herders 
have regularly starved to death in 
foe last few hundred years. The 
present Government has a poor 
record in many respects, but ii is 
foe first to make a serious commit- 
ment to end that state of aflairs. In 
1984-85, like several other African 
governments with quite different 
economic and political systems, it 

The work of foe non-gov- 
ernmental organisations, in am- 
ine contingency planning and 
rural development at grassroots 
level with rural communities, is 
one of foe best hopes that in the 
next major drought things will be 
Yours faithfully, 


The Institute of Development 
Studies at the University of 

Brighton, East Sussex. 

November 5. 

Help overseas 

From Mr N. W. Harris 
Sir, I was delighted to read (report, 
October 25) that foe Government 
has at last decided to make a 
contribution to the International 
Fund for Agricultural Dev- 
elopment's Sub-Saharan Africa 
Special Project 

One sincerely hopes that this 
move is a declaration of intent 
from foe new Minister for Over- 
seas Development Mr Patten, to 
put an end to the miserliness 
which his predecessors have fre- 
quently shown towards projects 
which aim to increase economic 
self-reliance in those countries 
most likely to be affected by severe 
drought and famine. 

The IFAD scheme, which aims 
exclusively to increase incomes 
and food production amongst foe 
very poorest sectors of society, is a 
good example of foe kind of 
progressive, imaginative scheme 
which often receives less than 
ideally generous support from the 
international community: politi- 
cal leaders tend to forget that it 
costs only about half as much for 
IFAD (for example) to increase 
foe output of a subsistence former 
by a tonne a year for a decade as it 
costs to provide a tonne of 
emergency food for Africa. 

Yours sincerely, 


Lake Hall, 

The Vale, 

Church Road, 

Edgbaston, Birmingham. 

October 29. 

Community care 

From Mr John Mowbray, QC 
Sir, You report (October 31) that 
MIND is calling for extra commu- 
nity care of the mentally ill, in 
connection with the closure of the 
large mental hospital at Banstead 
in Surrey. It is foe first such 
closure, and so a test case. 

I am afraid the position is even 
worse than you say. Instead of 
increasing care in districts for- 
merly served by foe hospital, the 
regional health authority is calling 
for a £3 million reduction in foe 
current mental-health budget for 
Southern Westminster, Kensing- 
ton and Hammersmith, though 
foe services are already inadeqate. 

Interviewed by The Times in 
February, foe secretary of state 
promised that the proceeds of 
such hospitals would be ploughed 
back into care in foe community. 
But the regional authority has not 
committed any of the proceeds of 
foe Banstead hospital to commu- 
nity health services: Those of us 
directly concerned with providing 
care in foe district greatly fear that 
the promise is not going to be 

We are all for releasing suitable 
patients to care in the community. 
But foe care must be there, and 
having (quite rightly) willed this 
end foe Government has really got 
to find the means. 

Yours faithfully, 

JQHN MOWBRAY (Chairman, 
Westminster Association for 
Mental Health), 

12 New Square. 

Lincoln’s Inn, WC2. 

November 3. 



The miners' strike in the Rhondda 
and A berdare valleys exploded al 
Tonypandyon November 7, when 
a mob attached the pithead. The 
chief constable asked for troops, 
but Winston Churchill then 

Home Secretary, delayed their 
dispatch (for which he incurred 
foe displeasure of The Times). 
Some noting continued and the 
troops did move in. Churchill Lined 
under the c lo ud of Tonypondyfor 
the rest of his life. 



(Front Our Special Correspondent.) 

The aftermath of last night's 
disgraceful scenes is Bony to 
contemplate, and the appearance 
of the wrecked shops is a disgrace 
to a civilized country. The Govern- 
ment is condemned by every self- 
rejecting Welshman for the 
ineptitude which has precipitated 
the present state of affaire. It is 
recognized that the failure to 
uphold Constitutional government 
by an adequate force was easily 
avoidable, and the sober-minded 
element among the miners and 
other trades recognizes that an 
indelible stain has been placed on 
the escutcheon of organized labour, 
and that -the cause," as they call 
the labour movement, has suffered 
an injury which may prove a 
serious h andica p in future. 


It is of the utmost importance that 
the machinery at the Uwynpia, 
which, by the way, means foe 
magpie's nest, Pit should be kept 
working. The gallant but quite inade- 
quate of workers nndw Mr 
Llewellyn who have fed the boilers 
since early on Monday morning were 
so exhausted that they were no longer 
nMp to wmn foe shovels and had to 
knock off work at 430 this morning. 
After a short rest they resumed work, 
and are succeeding ip getting steam 
up once more, but they cannot hold 
out permanently, and they are aD 
marked p*"- The strikers have 
thiyu te rmd to &***& Mr Uewellyn'fe 
house tonight, and it is guarded by a 
strong force of police. No doubt foe 
homes of foe other workers may 
become foe targets of foe spite of foe 
ri b t ffT S- An adt^ j tmto p nhi fi in wmwit nf 

labour must be introduced into foe 
power-house and mat be efficiently 
protected, ever if a brigade is required 
for the purpose: The police have been 
working at high pressure, which 
cannot be maintained for a king time. 
No men's nerves could stand the 
strain which has been entailed by the 
long hours and fighting which have 
been their portion. Two hundred 
metropolitan police from foe Whito- 
chapel and Poplar districts, experts in 
hoofeans,. arrived last night and this 
morning relieved the Bristol and local 
policemen who had not had their 
boots off or had any real rest since 
Sunday last A squadron of foe 18th 
Hussars arrived to-day and took up 
their quarters at a house on foe rising 
ground overlooking the power-house. 
They are to be relieved this evening by 
a con^ranyctf Infantry. It is difficult to 
understand why, if mounted troops 
were considered indispensable, foe 
Household Cavalry, much more suit- 
able for foe purpose, was not 
employed. The only theatre for 
Cavalry work here is foe long narrow 
street which runs through foe town 
and which constitutes a defile open to 
foe fire of stones from aide alleys and 
high ground . . - 


8 PM 

It is early paying a just tribute to 

fyKHgrty nnd ffmmpt^OTTt f]rfBpinl(i trtRfty 

that foe post-office here yesterday 
dealt with a never-ceasing stream of 
telegraphic messages in a wwmw 
dservingof the highest praise. 

The streets to-night present a great 
to foe state of afiabs winch 
obtained 24 hours ago. Groups of 
Metropolitan police are stationed at 
intervals and do not allow a crowd to 
gather. The power-house at the 
colliery attracts comparatively little 
notice. Last night's disturbers of the 
peace are not in evidence, and have 
apparently gone to seek a fresh field 
wherein to intk’lgp their lawlessness, 
ft in nimnuiwri that they have gone to 
Cfydach, but no cfisarcler » reported 
from there yet The air here is always 
full of what may be called bazaar 
rumours, which succeed, and genial- 
ly contradict each other, with kaleido- 
scopic tepidity. The dosing of foe 

a centrifugal force on the rioters, but 
so far the increase in the police and 
the arrival of the military hove 
produced no apparent exasperation, 
though marry sighs of relief may be 
heard, but it is perhaps too eariy hi 
the evening to assume that there wiD 
be no disturbance. 

It has been rumoured in foe town 
that rioting has occurred at Porth. 
Aberriare, mid various other places in 
the neighbourhood, but I can get no 
reliable HmRn na rinn of the rumour. 

The statement issued to-day by foe 
Home Office, and which is printed in 
foe local evening papers, is looted 
upon here as an indirect apology for 
ans of omission. The events which 
occasion the statement are too recent 
for people to have forgotten that 
troops should have arrived here before 
noon yesterday and the improvement 
to-day has exploded a mischievous 

the Chief CfgwfcaMn (Captain Lionel 
Lindsay) » amply vindicated. 

Merrily on high 

From Mrs Gl&iys M. E Shand 
Sir, With reference to the letter of 
October 29. I remember as a 
young girl in the thirties hearing 
the following: 

O God our help in ages past 

(Uoya George) 
Our hope for years to come 

(foe dole) 

Our shelter from the stormy blast 
(the workhouse) 
And our eternal home 

(the grave). 

Not much optimism therel 
Yours faithfully. 


216 Great Western Road, 



November 8: The Queen and 
The Duke of Edinburgh, 
accompanied by The Duke and 
Duchess of York and Tfce 
Princess Anne, Mrs Marie Phil- 
lips, were present this evening at 

the Royal British Legion Festi- 
val of Remembrance at the 
Royal Albert HalL 

Lady Susan Hussev, Air Vice- 
Marshal Richard Parse and 
Ueuienant-Commander Timo- 
thy Laurence, RN, were in 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President, attended the Windsor 
Park Equestrian Cub Luncheon 
at the Castle Hotel, Windsor, 

The Queen was represented 
by Lieutenant -Co] ooel Walter 
LutireU (Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for Somerset) at the 
Memorial Service for Sir Arthur 
Galsworthy (formerly Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 
Dublin) which was held in St 
Christopher's Church, 
Lympsham, today. 

November 9: The Queen and 
The Duke of Edinburgh, with 
The Duke of York, laid wreaths 
at the Cenotaph this morning on 
the occasion of Remembrance 

The Duchess ofYork and The 
Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips were present during the 

Timothy Laurence, RN. Major 
Rowan Jackson, RM. and Wing 
Commander Adam Wise were 
in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mis Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
Concert to mark the 40th 
Anniversary of the opening of 
the Wildfowl Trust and the 10th 
Anniversary of the opening of 
the Arundel Reserve, at the 
Chichester Festival Theatre, 
West Sussex. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
West Sussex (Lavinia, Duchess 
of Norfolk). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
ia attendance. 


November 8: Queen Eliza- 
beth The Queen Mother was 

British Legion Festival of 
Remem bran ce at the Royal 
Albert HalL 

Lady Angela Oswald and 
Major Sir Ralph Anstruther, Bt, 
were in attendance. 

November 9: Queen Eliza- 
beth The Queen Mother was 
present this morning during the 
Ceremony at the Cenotaph on 
the occasion of Remembrance 

Lady Angela Oswald was in 

A wreath was laid on behalf of 
Her Majesty by Mqjor Sir Rafeih 
Anstruther, Bl 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother was present this after- 
noon at a Service for the 
dedication of the new organ at 
West Ham Parish Church. 

Lady Angela Oswald and 
Major Sir Ralph Anstruther, Bt, 
were in attendance. 

November 8: The Prince and 
Princess of Wales were present 
this evening at the Royal British 
Legion Festival of Remem- 
brancer the Royal Albert HalL 

November Sfc The Prince of 
Wales bid a wreath at die 
Cenotaph this morning on the 
occasion of Remembrance Day. 

The Princess of Wales was 
present during the ceremony. 




Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
■ Anderson was in attendance. 

His Royal Highness, Colonel, 
Welsh Guards, this afternoon 
attended a Remembrance Day 
Service at the Guards Chapel 
and afterwards laid a wreath at 
lbe Guards Memorial, Horse 

Captain Peter Owen-cd- 
munds was in a tten da n c e- 

November 8: Princess Alice. 
Duchess of Gloucester and The 
Duke and l^ichess <rf Glouces- 
ter were present this evening at 
the Royal British Legion Festi- 
val of Remembrance at the 
Royal Albert HalL 

November 9: Princess Abet, 
Duchess of Gloucester and The 
Duke and Duchess of Glouces- 
ter were present this morning 
during me ceremony at the 
Cenotaph on the occasion of 
Remembrance Day. 

Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester this evening pre- 
sented the Celebrities Guild 
Unsung Heroes Awards of the 
Celebrities Guild of Great 
Britain at the Royal Garden 
Hold, Kensington High Street, 
London, WS. 

Miss Diana Harrison was in 


November 9: Princess 
Alexandra arrived at Heathrow 
Airport this morning from the 
United Stales of America. _ 

Birthdays today 

Mr Harry Andrews, 75; Sr 
Peter Baldwin, 64; Mr Robert 
Carrier. 63; Miss R. L. Cohen, 
80; Dame Frances Cocdshed, 82; 
Sir John Davis, 80; Air Marshal 
A.LA. Perry-Keene, 88; Mr 
Tun Rice, 42; Sir William 
Ryiand, 73; Sir William Ryrie, 
58; Sir David Serpell, 75; Ad- 
miral Sir W illiam Staveley, 58. 


Mr M.G. Hantogham and 
MSss TJS. Mackirorth-Yoong 
The marriage took place on 
Samxday at Holy Trinity, 
Brompton, of Mr Michael 
Hardingham, youngest son of 
Major and Mrs M. L. 
Hardingham, of East Hatting, 
West Sussex, and Miss Tessa 
Mackworth-Young, yougest 
daughter of the late Mr G. W. 
Mackworth-Yoong and Lady 
Eve Mackworth-Young. of 
Fisherton de la Mere. WyJye, 
Wiltshire. The Rev A. Millar 
and the Rev N. Lee officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by the Earl of Rothes, 
imde of the bride, was attended 


and Emma Scott. Mr Richard 
Hardin gham was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Boodle's and the honeymoon 
will be sport abroad. 


Manchester Consular 

Mr A. D. Kanaris, Honorary 
Commissioner for Cyprus, pre- 
sided at the annual dinner of the 
Manchester Consular Associ- 
ation held on Saturday at the 
Valley Lodge Hotel, Wflmskjw. 
Amoog those present were: 

The Lord lieutenant of Greater 
Manchester and Lady Down- 
ward, the Vice-Chancellor of 
Manchester University and 
Lady Richmond, the Lord 
Mayor of Manchester and Mr S 
Robinson, the High Sheriff of 
Greater Manchester and Mrs 
Timmins, the Recorder of Man- 
chester and Mrs Preset, the Chief 
Constable of Greater Manches- 
ter and Mrs Anderton, the 
Principal of UMXST and Mrs 
Hanlons, the Mayor of Salford 
and Mrs Hobbs and the Mayor 
of Trafiord and Mrs Eadie. 


Yenny Now Writes About 
Her Plans For The Future, Two 
Years Ago She Didnt Have One. 

Just over two years ago Mhmy was living in one of the 
poorest areas of the world. She was severely under- 
nourished and had never seen a school, let alone a book. 

Fortunately for \bnnyvMrs Deacon ofHull decided to 
do something about it, and through PLAN International 
she sponsored hen The money she sent helped Ymny’s 
family buy some basic took to set up a carpentry business. 

The family also became involved with PLAN in an 

f ww international s next project was to team up 
with rbe community to build and equip a schooL 

Yrany is learning to read, and will soon be writing to 
Mrs Deacon abour family and village life, and ofher hopes 
to go to college, so chat one day she too can help ner 

Being a sponsor coses £12 a month (less dun 40p a 
day), ’rbu only have to read some of the letters, and hear 
of the progress the children are making to realise how 
worth while iris. 

□ I enclose my first months £12. Please tell me about 
the Child I am sponsoring. □ I enclose a donation, 
□lam interested hut would like you to send more details. 

□ I would like to pay by Access/Visa. 

(Credit card payment to become a sponsor must be semi- 
annual or annual.) 


My card no. ~ 

Name (Mg/Mra/Miss) 

Addrp« — _ _ . _ - - - — _ ... 

Developing communities throughout 
the Third World since 1937. 

To: Elizabeth Liddell, Foster Parents Plan, 
FREEPOST 3J, London W1E 5EZ. 

8 PLAIN! ®H93 0940 (24 hours). 

Charirv Registration 00.276 uo:j. tt M/il 

tiocpBBnoenBPtmce bcd ooop ooocooDoaamaB i 


Taize, faith and ordered chaos 

In December Taizfe is oo^iBg to 
Britain. Every year, the world hams 

ffmnmpmpal COfUSUtHUJ holds ft SVOOay 

international youth meeting In a big 
European city, and this year It is to be 
held in Loudon, from December 29 to 
January 1 

More than 20,006 attended the last 
yxmtb meeting in London in 3981, and 
just as many, if not more are expected 
tbb year. A service is to lake place 
before the visit in Westminster Abbey 
ou Wednesday. 

Taizd, ia the heart of Bwgtmdy, is a 
one of tiie most remarkable places in the 
world. Almost everyone who goes there 
- old and young, behevers and non- 
believers — fee! tey have ben in the 
presence of something extraordinarily 

holiday camp; you are free to do as yon 

Teas of thousands flock to Tafe§ from 
aD over the world ereryyear in search of 
God, and themsdv<s.Tltey share ia the 
brothers’ simple daily routine of wokk, 
reflection, and prayer. During the 
summer, tire eommoty receives 2JQQ0 
to 3,000 visitors a week, rising to d>O00 
and more in Assist, while at Easter, as 
many as 10,000 win brave the dis- 
comfort of the o rid and tire wet , the 
cramped living conditions and the long 
food queues, to participate la Tassos 
special Paschal Week services. No one 
is ever turned away- Even in winter, a 
couple of hundred “pilgrims” wffl be 

While most are in their early twenties, 

the unadorned altar bathe the darkened 

m e e tin g s are the high point of He at 
Tatte/The services - tf such a simple 
cere mony can be given such a formal 
name - consist of palais, ffibte-readmg 
yn fl hy mg -singiag in sewn or eight 
different fassgiiigfis, structured ar ound * 
central core of silence lasting 10 mumtes 
or more, for private prayer. . •. 

All the brothers iactadiog Brother 
Roger ore there, in the centre of tire 


Czech Communist survivor 
and witriess to oppression t 

■ Mr Artar London, the 
( Vyh Communist leader 
turned dissident, whowrote a 

an atmosphere of warmth, traquestkm- 
ing acceptance, and a simple faith which 
does not seek to impose or moralize- If 
God exists, mre feels, he must surety tie 

Outwardly, the jumble at tints, 
bungalows and shelters built m tire 
midst of parched open fields, is not 
especially attractive, despite the 
spectacular position of the village of 
Taize itself: perched on a MU overlook- 
ing the golden wheatfields that stretch 
away on the plain below to yet untie 
wooded hftls beymd. 

Eves the community’s Church of the 
Reconciliation — designed by one of the 
brothers and built by voluntary labour in 
1962 — is a bit of an eyesore from foe 
outride, despite foe mystical magic of its 
. dimly lit interior. 

But the prevailing Impression of 
ordered duos seems to make Taizfc all 
the more homely and welcoming. Even 
the physical hardships, tire , cold show- 

and hard beds which are often just 
wooden planks with no mattress, serve 
somehow to increase the feeling of 
community and sharing without it 
becoming something forced or irksome. 
Tafe£ is not a sort of rebgwns Baffin's 

of adults who eat, sleep and have group 
meetings apart from tire young, though 
all come together for common prayer. 
The brothers felt it important that the 
adults did not feel swamped by the more 
boisterous young, and that in their turn 
tire young did not feel cramped by foe 
adults. Separate finalities, are also 
provided for married couples, f amili e s 
with young children, and for tire old or 
physically handicapped. 

A typical day begms at 7 JOam with a 
cariQon from foe bell tower to wake 
people for morning prayer wod conmn- 
nioa at 8am. Pte# then divide sto 
groups for Bible study and discussion 
before more prayers at midday, followed 
by lunch. The afternoons are spent in 
further group discussions; assigned 
chores such as picking up waste paper, 
sweeping out dormitories, or deantog 
lavatories; private meditation hi foe tiny 
twetfth-centmy church in the village or 
perhaps privately talking over some 
personal problem. 

People will often linger well otto the 
night, sitting on the floor or squatting on 

tow stools in front of the icons, singing 
over and over the hypnotically simple, 
Taizfe, while the hanked candles fosifaJ 

■ no one leads foe service, and there fo no 
sermon. Each individual simply partici- 
pates at hie own level of catGi^beresIm; 
and hath. 

The brothers themselves live to mb oW 
farmhouse, set slightly apart, from the 
pnbtic area. Attlugh they take tire 
, traditional vows of celibacy, poverty and 
conunnmty of goods, -like other monks. 

dress, save Samg tire prayer BseetiQgs, 
and do not belong to any s5sg& 
particular church, save- tint ia which 
they were brought up. 

want to fomd a new church or enter, 
thereby to create creating even more 
divisions within the ani vwal Christian 
church. He wants amply, as he says, “to 
live oat the parable of conanuBhm’V To 
achieve that, he feds it is important to 
keep the cmnmwdfy small and i ntimate . 

lire London meeting wiD follow foe 
same daily rhythm of life as at Taizfc 
itself. Morning lawyers wffl-be held ia 
200 parish churches throughout the 
capital, with everyone brought tncetter 
for midday and evening prayers In 
Westminster Abbey, Westminster 
Cathedral and Methodist Central HalL 
foe Moderator of foe Methodist church 
are aU expected to attend. 


Paris Correspondent 
The Times 

toiuuuo wwv** * y - ■ , ■ 

ret methods,- rued bl Runs 
during foe night of November 
7-0. He was fl. 

Born on February l, 1915, 
of Jewish origin, be joined the 
Communist Party when- he 
was 14, and fled to Moscow in 
• 1934. During the dvil war ia 
Spain he served therein tire 
International Brigade. In 1939 
he entered France dandcstmc- 
i ly in the official car, of a 
French Communist deputy, 
Raymond Gnyot, -whose as- 
ler-ia-law he later married. 

; During the Second World 
War he became a Header of 
1 MOL the underground mam- 
grant network: that fought the . 
Germans alongside the French 
ia 1942 he was 
■arrested - dnd . sent to foe 
Mauthausen- concentration 
ramp , from which, at the end 
of foe war, he miraculously 
emerged alive. _ 

His enemies fetter.suggested 
that he owed his survival to 
collaboration with the Nazis, 
and they also accused him of 
being a CIA agent during his 
postwar period of convales- 
cence in Switzerland. But in 
1949, after the Communists 
had seized power in Czechs 
Slovakia, be was in good 
odour, anti returned home to 
become, as vice-minister for 

became his home for tire rest 
of his fife- - _ . „ 

During foe “Prague Spring 

of 1968 he was pnbhcty 

honoured by President 
Svoboda of CttcbosJavakia, 

9K M I* 

Latest appointments Appointments 

in the Forces 

D PfMtregih - Jtta T.i 9 B 7 i C J vnati ■ 
- Jn a 1987 . 

Britannia Royal Naval College 

Mr Dinah Noudy 
Latest appointments include: 

Admiral of the Fleet Tbe Lonf 
Lewis to be deputy chairman of 
tbe trustees of foe National 
Maritime Museum. 

Jadge Norman Francis to be 
President, Jndge TR Heald and 
Jadge Marcus Anwyl-Davies, 
QC to be vice-president from 
January 1 1987, and Judge JAR 
Pinky, QC, to be honorary 
secretary of the Council of Her 
Majesty’s Circuit Judges. 

Sir Afatstair PBkhjBhw. FRS. 
and Sr Randolph Quirk to be 
additional vice-presiaeuts of tbe 
Foundation for Science and 

Mr Sfanen HalL head master of 
Milton Abbey School, Dorset, 
and formerly Second Master at 
Haileybury, to be Warden of 
Gleualmond College from 
September 1987, in sneoesaioa 
to Mr John Musson. 

Mr John Masson to be Scottish 
Secretary of th e Indepen dent 

succession to DthSmuSl 
M r INpafc Nandy to be chief 
executive of Intermediate Tech- 
nology. the duality, in succes- 
sion to Mr Dennis Frost 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
lives of Miss Elizabeth (Betsy) 
Profumo and Major Philip 1 
Profumo will be held in the! 
Grosvcn or Chapel. South , 
Audley Street, London, Wl, at < 
1 13Q am on Wednesday, ! 
December 10. 

Irises 9 autumn flowers 

By Alan Toogood, Htarienlfrere CtaTespo m doit 

Tall bearded (rises, which 
have been popular as border 
plants for at least a century, 
could soon be a feature of 
autumn gardens insteading of 
being deliberately hidden away 
behind more colourful plants 
during that season, as is foe 

Remontant or repeal flower- 
ing varieties!, which flower twice 
a year instead of once (in the 
normal period of early summer 
and again in early ana mu) are 
arousing interest among foe 
garden public, after being exhib- 
ited at the Royal Hortreultarc 
Society’s early antormi flower 

So far these irises are avail- 
able only through membership 
of the British Irish Society and 
its riib^gnxqTof 100, foe British 
Remontant hi s Group: 

The present varieties, which 

Service Luncheon 

RAF Tetttpsford Association 
Air Chief Marshal Sir Lewis 
Hodges presided ax the annual 
RAF Tempsford Association 
luncheon held on. Saturday at 
the Anchor Inn, Te mps fo r d. 
Bedfordshire. Mr Francis Pym. 
MP, and Mrs Pym were among 
tbe guests 

come in a wide range of colours, 
have resulted from breeding 
. prog ra mmes in Britain, under- 
taken mainly by e nthus i a stic 
amateurs, and in the United 
Statu.-' Hybridizers are aiming 
for better flower form and 
vigorous plants which remont 
finel y. 

Trials are afro bang under- 
taken, particularly by members 
of foie BRIG on cultivation 
techniques. Remontant bearded 
irises havu-needs different from 
those of the once-flowering vari- 
eties, such as more growing 
space, more frequent feeding 
and watering, and foe removal 
of seed pods if they are to flower 
again in autumn. 

Extremes of weather influence 
the second flush of flowers 

Remontancy is also being 
investigated m other groups of 

Service Dinner 

The King's Own Yorkshire 
Light Infantry fTA) 

Brigadier R. St C. Preston 
Presided at the annnal dinner of 
tire 4th Battalion The King’s 
Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 
Officers' Qub held on Saturday 
at the TA Centre, Beechnut 
Lane. Pontefract. 

Mr Stuart Young 

A celebration fire the life and 
work of Mr Start Young; will 
be held at Gufldhall at 1 1 am on 
Wednesday, December 10. A 
buffet luncheon given by tire 
Corporation of London. wiH be 
Jidd afterwards. -A limited num- 
- her of tickets .wiQ be available, 
those wishing, to attend are 
invited to apply .fire tickets tot 
Mr John Goss, Roam 229, 
Broadcasting House, London, 
W1A 1 AA. enclosing a stamped 
addressed envelope, by Mon- 
day, November 17. Tickets win 
be posted on Wednesday, 
November 26. , 

Windiesham House 

Sir Mi c h a e l Honfen and Mr 
Duncan Goodhew were the 
hosts at a reception held at tire 
Barbican on Tuesday, Novem- 
ber 4, to launch tire appeal for 
tire Malden Theatre to celebrate 
the I50th - anniversary of 
Windiesham .House SchooL 
£110,000 was raised that eve- 
rting mostly from old boys and 
girls and their parents. There 
will be a second reception for 
old boys and giris and then- 
parents at noon on December 7. 
Patents of those currently at the 
school are invited to tire rustical 
Pandemoma which is 

berof foe regime. " 

In January 1951, however, 
he was arrested and put in 
solitary confinement until the 
following year when, with 13 
other leading Czech Commu- 
nists, he was put on trial for 
“revisionism’’- The trial re- 
sembled Stalin’s show trials of 
the 1930s, with foe accused 
atijectly confessing their guDL 
In foe end 1 1 were condemned 
-to death and executed by 
Han g in g . They mefnded Ru- 
dolfSbmsky, meformer depu- 
ty premier and secretary- 
general of the Czech 
Communist Party, with whose 
p* mg foe trial is linked in 
history. London was one of 
those whose Hves were spared, 

, but who were condemned to 
Hfe imprisonment - 
Fortunately for . him, in 
1 1956 Khrnfochev came to 
power in Russia and de- 
nounced Stalinism, in that 
year London was released add 
rehabilitated. But in 1963 he 
went to live in Fiance which 

to write foe book describing 
his Experiences as a captive in 
his own country, which was 
published in France as L’Aveu ? 
m 1969 - Soon it was translated 
into many other lan g u ag es, 
appeared in Britain foe £ 
following year, with foe fide 
On Trial . 

in it he gives a graphic 
account of foe method used>: 1 - 
to extract confessions from 
hizBsdfaod tbe other accused. ‘ 

The insults, threats. Mows, . 

hunger and thirst he had 
-endmed is foe Nazi concen- 
tration camp were, he said, 
duhT&p&y compared wxfo foe 
. organized lack of sleep he had 
been subjected to in Ins Czech 
prison: “that abominable tor- 
ture which empties a man of 
all thought”. ^ 

In one whole week he was [ 

permitted only two hours of j 

deep. He was also pulled f 

round his cdl by the hair tor ^ 

an hour at a time, or his head h 
was knocked against foe ceH 
walL On other occasions he 
was dragged along out of doors 
by a rope or a scarf fastened 
.with a dip-knot round his 
neck, so foal when he fell from 
exhaustion he was neatly 
throttled as they hauled him to 
his feet. - fbi 

By foe time foe book ap- 
peared Czech freedom had 
once again been crushed, and 
the book was condemned in 
Crechtiovalda. But London 
received support from many 
Communist parties abroad, 
including those of . France, 
Belgium, Italy and Spain. 

In 1976 bis book was made 
into a film, with Yves 
Montand playing the part of 
foe autho r, and Simone ;■ 
Signoret also starring. The 
film was shown throughout 
the world, no! least on BBC *• 

London was president ofthe 
committee fire foe defence of 
Czech liberties, and he natu- 
rally gave strong moral back- 
ing^to foe signatories of ^ - 

He never ceased to n^aid r 
himself as a true socialist, but 5 

commenced sadly: “Socialism 
exists nowhere. It remains to . . 


...*?■■ - 

Li I 

$ - 1 


. Major-General R.-A. Smart, rung a£ tire International Geo- 
CBE, FRCP, who was -leader physical Year on July 1, 1957. 
ofthe Rpyal Society's Jnteraa- On oacoccasioa he became 

tionalGeophyskal.YearExpe- his own ^eut, when he fell 
dition to the Antarctic from heavily on ‘the ice in severe 
1956to 1957, died on Novem- weather conditions and sus- 
ber 6. Hewas 72. tamed mtemal injuries. With 

Robert Arthur .Smart was a wind of 35 knots and foe 
bran on April 19, 1914, and temperature down to -40 de- 
educated at Aberdeen Gram- grees foe Trans-Antarctic 
mar School and Aberdeen expedition's aircraft were 
University. After qualifying grounded for several days, and 
. ‘MB, ChB be joined the Koyal he treated himself until help 
Army Medical Corps >ln 1936. arrived. Jv 

During tbe war Ire served in Smart returned to Britain inv; 

North Africa, Palestine and January 1958 and was award- 
foe European theatre; and in ed the Polar MedaL Thereafter 
1948-49 was a member of a he brid a number of senior . 
■War Office team working in posts; be was director of 
the Arctic region of Canada, medical services of the British 
He was bars: in Northern Army of the Rhine from 1970 

Canada in 1950 and also . and deputy director of medi- 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr N. Marten 
and Mile V. Cams 
The engagement is announced 
between Napier, sou of Lieuten- 
ant Commander George and thte 
Hon Mrs Marten, of Crichel 
House, Wim boras, Dorset, and 
Vhginie, daubster of M Alain 
Camu, ofBrunds, Belgium, and 
Mardbesa D’AyaJa Valva, of 
Siena, Italy. 

MrC Bircb Semardsoe 
and MSss GJ. Creamy 
Tbe enaastement is announced 
bitommChlnteL son of Major 
and Mrs R.F. Birch 
Reynardaon, of Brailes, 
Warwickshire, and Katy, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs EJ. Creasey, 
of MarbeHa, Spain. 

Mr NSJD. CoonoOy 
and Miss AJ. Powe 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
David Connolly and Mis Bar- 
bara Connolly, of Widnes, 
Cheshire, and Amanda, daneh- 
ter erf Mr and Mrs Wilton Powe, 
of 3 Greys tone Close, 
Whitehaven, Cumbria. 

Mr ILL. Ecclestone 
and Miss ZA James 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Lewis, eldest 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel and 
Mrs Keith Ecdestone, of 
Hindhead. Surrey, and Karen 
Sue, second daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Brian James, of Esher, 

Mr M-CGajforti 
and Miss J.V. Morrison 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, son of Mr and 
Mrs Midtael Gaylord, of Old 
Harlow, Essex, and Josephine, 
younger daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonfil and Mrs Donald Morri- 
son, of Tarrant Kevneston, 

Mr J.Stnnberg 
and Miss CL Retd 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr aid 
Mrs James Edward Stranberg, of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and 
Cathy, youngest riangh tpr of Mr 
and Mrs Richard Gavin Reid, of 

Meatiham, New Jersey. 

Mr JJ. Wood"' 
and Miss SJP. Chaptnan - 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, sou of Mr and 
Mrs Derek J. Wood, ofMoseley. 
Birmingham, and Suzanne, 
daughter ofMrs Irene Chapman 
and the fete William F. Chap- 
man. of POuhon-Je-Fylde. 

Mr W^J. Green 
and MissSJL Woobmgfa 
The engag e m e nt is announced 
between WiUaim Guy, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs GJP. Green, 
of Chaddesley Corbett, 
Worcestershire, and Susan An- 

Woomou^i. of Wokingham. 
Berkshire, and Mrs S. Carter, of 
Chitting Sodbuzy, Avon. 

Mr B3. Henderson 

and Mbs RjC. Rawartb 
The engagement is announced 
between Efryan, eldest son of Mr 
Alan Henderson, of Sbeffond 
Woodlands, Newbury. Berk- 
shire, and Mrs Joan Invpcy, of S 
Ladbrate Walk, London, W]i, 
and Rosanna, daughter of Mb- 
aud Mrs Richard Haworth, of 
Yew Tree Cottage. Qakhasger, 

MrP.Eassno 1 
, and Miss SJ3.B. Opatic 
The engagement is announced 
betwe en Finer, second and twin 
son of Mr and Mis Edward 
Kassner, of Bade, Switzerland, 
and Svetlana, youngo- daughter 
of Mrs GavrSo Opadcandthe 
late Mr Gavrilo Opatic, of West 
Wimbtedon. Lonoon. 

Captain S. Nash 
and Mfcer LM3. AnmdeB 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr and 
Mrs R_ Nash, of Liskeaid, 
Cornwall, and Luanda, eldest 
daughter of Major and Mrs E-R. 
AruDdeU. of London. 

Mr JJVL Meedey 
and Miss S.C Marsh 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, elder son ofMr 
M. Moodey, of Clacton-on-Sea, 
Essex, and of Mrs J. Griffiths, of 
Sidmouth, Devon, and Sally, 
rider daughter of Mr and Mis F. 
Marsh, of Hampstead, London, 

MrM. Held 
and Mba BLA. Briggs 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T.W. Held, of 
Halesowen, WestMidlands, and 
Helen Angela, only daughter of 
MrD.wTBriggs, of Douglas, Itie 
of Man, and of Mrs PE. Briggs, 
of Kidderminster, 


Mr LD. PendQnghm 
and Mbs J A Stewart 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, youngor stm of Dr 
and Mrs Mathew Pendlmgton, 
of WiHenhall, West Midlands, 
and Janet, eldest daughter of the 
late Mr John H. Stewart and 
Mis Jean F- Stewart, ofGerraztis 

Dr A. Pyae 
and Dr F. Milla 
The engagement is announced 
bet w e e n Andrew, son of Mrs O. 
Pyne. of Hethersett, Norfolk, 
and Philippa, daughter of the 
late MtiorfiliLS. Mffls and Mrs 
WA MIDs, of Beech, Alton, 

and Miss KXA. Rkfoards 
The engraement is announced 
between Patrick, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs RJXB. 
Robathan, of North wood, 
Middlesex, and Katharine,, only 
daughter of Lieutenanx-Cokmcl 
and Mrs DA. Richards, of 
ChaSey, Sussex. 

Mr D. Ross 
mad MaS.RmU 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between David, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs J.S. Ross, of 
Welwyn Garden City, and Su- 
san, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Kenneth Ronald, of Hemd 

Mr KX. Stone 

and Miss DA Cnsbtrg . 

The engaaeroem is announced 
between Keith, elder son of Mr 
and Mb Eric Stone, of Wimble- 
don, London* and Debbie; ekfer 
danghter of Professo r and Mrs 
Bryan Carsberg, of Gtuldford, 
,:, ^rey. 

Mr CJ. Mayo 
•ad MGas AJ. Bose 
The, engagement is announced 
betwtenouSes, eldest son of 
Mr and Mis J.W. Mayo, of 
Wimbledon, London, and 
Amanda, elder daughter of Mr 
F. Bose; FRCS, DLO, and Mrs 
F. Bose, of High Wycombe,. 

woriced in Alaska. 

From 1951 to 1955, he was 
assistant director pf army 
health in East Africa. 

Jffis experience of jpsac&ang 
medicine in extreme low tem- 
peratures made him a natural 
candidate to lead foe main 
party of the Royal Society’s 
expedition out to Halley Bay 
mTSTovember 1956. There be 
was responsible for erecting 
huts and installing equipment, 
enabling foe station to become 

ftiily operational by the begin- 

cal serviceSrHQ Army Strate- 
gic Command from 1971. 
From 1968 to 1972 be was a 
Queen’s Honorary Surgeon; a 

He retired from the aimy in 
1972 but remained active in 
his speciality. He joined Esso 
Petroleum foe same year, and 
was the company’s senior, 
then drieC medical officer 
.until 1979. . 

He married, in 1947, Jose- 
phine von Oepen, mid is ^ 
survived by her and a daugh- ’ 


wiH take place- on March 21, 



aad tbe Hob Mi& Wfegia 

The marriage took pSce at St 
John's Church, Warsaw, Vir- 
ginia, on Saturday, November 1 , 
between Dr Joseph Austin King, 
of Kingsport, Tennessee, son of 
tbe late Mr. WilKain Thayer 
King and of Mrs King, and the 
Hon Mis Julia Wiggin, elder 
daughter of Lord and Lady 
Rejgate. Dr and the Hon Mrs 
Joseph King will five in London 
and Tennessee. 

Mr JJL Alexander 

and Miss S. H- Martew * 

The Duke and Dndiess of Yorit 
were present at the marriage of 
Mr John Alexander and Mbs 
S ophia Marten, on October .25, 
at witchampton Parish Omrefa: 
The Ven Jeffrey Walton 

The bride was given ia mar- 
riage by /her father. Lieutenant 
Commander George Manen, 
and attended by Bnaheih and 
Natalie Davis, James and 
George McDonough. Sebastian 
Cmz and Louis Mosley. 

Mr T-J. Ashworth Foster . . 
and Mbs A. Sorefan 
The marriage took place on 
November 7, in - Richmond, 
Surrey,, between Mr Timothy 
Ashworth ■ Foster, ' and Miss 
Aodroulla Sonflcos. 

MrB. Farthiitg . 
and Mrs M. Rpepefl 
The marriage took place cm 
November 6, m London, of Mr 
Brace Farthing and Ma.Mmra 
Roupefl, only daughter of the 
late Colonel RA. Cutties and 
Mrs Duties,' ofBrede. . 

Btfoby Nunn, who died of a 
heart attack in Los Angetes on 
November 5, aged 61, found- 
ed the singing group, the 
Goasrers, which enjoyed a 
vogue in foe 1950s. 

Nunn began his ■rin g in g 
career with the Los Angeles 

considerable success with 
rhythm, and blues numbers 
like “Double Grossing Blues” 
“Smokey Joe’s Caret; and 
“Riot in Cell Block Number 

- In 195S foie group became 
the Coasters, red by Nunn, 
and recorded their first song, 
“Down in Mexico” in 1956. 
This was the prelude to a 
string of hits, such as “Poison 
Ivy” and “Yatety Yak”, 
which made the Coasters One 
. of the most characteristic rock 
and roll sounds of the 1950s. 


Fhr the second rime the 
famous Two Stars competition 
at the English 'Bridge Union's 

autumn congress held at foe 
Queen’s Hotel, Eastbourne, 
over the weekend carried with it 

Srafadttdn m tlte*&nopean 
i Pair CtommoDship rai March 
' 27-29. , 

It has . proved a triumph for 
’ the junior intemafiomd infr of 
.foe Tredmnkk twins of Kent 
I who finished 23 points ahead of 
Z Mahmood, foe Ptidstanwodd 
; star and RSmoldd... 



‘fe ter.gv si s 

• By foe end of foe decade 
they appeared, like most of 
their contemporaries, to have 
tost their appeal, as the first 
wave of rode music ran into 
foe sand. But in 1969 they 
took to foe stage again in a 
Fifties rock, revival concert in 
New York, appearing in such 
venerable company as BiB 
Haley, tire Platters and the 
ShtreTles. ' 

: And with the music of foe 
Fifties coming to have an 
almost period charm, for a 
younger generation glutted 
with the cancans excesses of 
heavy metal and punk, the 
Coasters maintained a follow- 
ing for' their live 

Nunn last appeared with the 
group in Phcwrix, Arizona, on 
the Saturday before his death. 

Memorial Service 

Sir Arthur Galsworthy • 

The- Queen was represented by 
Lieutenant-Col ond G. W. F. 
Luttrefl, Lord Lieutenant of 
Somerset, at a memorial service 
for Sir Arthur Galsworthy hdd 
on Saturday at St Christopher’s, 
Lympsham, SomeraeL-Tne Rev 
J.S. Wells officia t ed an d gave an 

address. Mr Anthony Gals- 
worthy,' son, add Shr John 
Galsworthy, brother, read the 
fess©Mt:The Secretary ^of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
.Afflurs,-ure Permanent Under- 
‘Secretaiy of State, Foreign and 
- Commonwealth Office, and toe 
Diplomatic Service were repre- 
sented by Mr R. G. A 
Etherington-Smith. .... 

University news 





iSfe.- ■* 

sy- v* * ; », 

.<* W«ttr. WEowMwm- 

k+ • _ vr*» 

' : 0 . 



Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 

1313.3 (-3.9) 

FT-SE 100 
1656.2 (-6.4) 



USM (Datastraam) 
130.44 (+1.34) 


US Dollar 
1.4375 (-0.0100) 

W German mark 
2.9397 (-0.0052) 

69.4 (same) 

Saudis aim 
for $18 oil 

King Fahd of Saudi Arabia 
yesterday reasserted that the 
ofl-rich kingdom wants to 
send the world oil price back 
up lo$18 a barrel by the end of 
this year. 

He said through an official 
spokesman that the kingdom 
is committed to maintaining 
the present Opec agreement 
until the end of this year and 
then set the price at $18 “as a 
first stage”. 

Prices yesterday moved up 
marginally towards $15 a 
barrel, but a definite commit* 
ment by Saadi Arabia to 
higher prices is likely to lead to 
increased firmness in the 

Amersham up 

Amersham International in- 
creased its pretax profits for 
the six months to the end of 
September by 34 per cent to 
£10.4 million. Turnover rose 
from £55.7 million to £69 
million. The dividend was 
increased from 2.4p to 2.8p. 

Tempos, page 28 

Science chief 

Dr Alan Rudge has been 
appointed director of research 
and technology at British 
Telecom, in charge of a £180 
million annual budget. He is 
at present chief executive and 
managing director of ERA 
Technology, an Jndepecdent 
contract research organiza- 
tion. He replaces Mr Bill Jones 
who is being seconded to the 
International Management In- 
stitute in Geneva. 

Lucas up 65% 

Pretax profits at Lucas In- 
dustries jumped 65 per cent to 
£95.2 million for the year to 
July 31. Turnover was up 8 
per cent to £1.6 billion. The 
dividend was raised by 18 per 
cent to I3p. Tempos, page 25 

Fraser shares 

House of Fraser, the depart- 
ment store group, did not 
close its preference share reg- 
ister yesterday, due to the 
appeal by Lonrho against a 1 
recent decision by die Scottish 
Court of Session to aDow the 
company to alter its capital 

lm deal 

tuxiglass, the French 
sidiary of Hartons Group, 
o buy Promoplastiques. of 
is. for Fr9.65 million (£1 


fo referral 

rhe merger of A Monk and 
vy Corporation will not be 
sired to the Monopolies 
m mission. 

ibby sells 

Bibby & Sons is selling 
rydale Turkeys to 
Isdown for £15 million, 
e net asset _ value of 
ydale is £8 million. 

Won stmt 26 
Co News 26 
Comm ent 27 
Sleek Market 27 
Teams 28 
Money Mrkts 29 

Foreign Excb 29 
Traded Opts 29 
Unit Trwts 30 
Commodities 30 
USM Prices 30 
Stare Prices 31 





Special measures 
likely for flood of 
Gas share deals 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

The Stock Exchange is 
likely to adopt special mea- 
sures to cope with dealings in 
British Gas shares because of 
the massive volume of trading 
expected once the company is. 
floated next month. 

To avoid overloading the 
market’s settlements system 
the Exchange is considering 
allowing market participants 
to lump together small British 
Gas deals done with the same 
broker or market-maker into 
larger “blocks”. 

These could then be settled 
between the market partici- 
pants on a wholesale basis. 
They would not have to be put 
through the Exchange's 
Charm settlements system, so 
avoiding the need to match up 
every individual transaction. 

The main necessity then 
would simply be .for market 
participants to match the 
number of shares in the block 
with the money value. If one 
block included, say, 100 
shares, the transaction volume 
in British Gas shares would be 
cut by a- factor of 100. 

The stock market has run 
into problems in settling deals 

in ordinary shares during the 
last few weeks, giving rise to 
fears that any greater volume 
of trading would cause the 
settlements system to break 

Some CSty expens expert 
that dealings in British Gas 
shares could be 10 times as 
great as in Trustee Savings 
Bank shares which have al- 
ready caused severe settle- 
ment problems. 

Turnover is T5B shares last 
week was about £1 1 million a 
day, with a large number of 
transactions in amounts of 
350 to 1 ,000 shares, producing 
a very large number of in- 
dividual transactions. These 
have all had to be checked 
between brokers and market- 
makers aad then processed 
through the Stock Exchange’s 
own transaction-checking sys- 
tem before they could be 

The TSB started with about 
3 million shareholders, most 
of whom had small numbers 
of shares. British Gas is likely 
lo have up to 4 times that 
many small shareholders. 

The number of British Gas 

transactions could be further 
swelled artificially after Janu- 
ary 1 when the Government 
will introduce its new Per- 
sonal Equity Plan 

This will give tax incentives 
to people who hold shares 
within a PEP. Bui unless an 
exception is made for British 
Gas. people will have to seD 
their original British Gas 
shares, transfer the cash into 
their PEP and then buy the 
shares back again, to qualify 
for the tax break. 

Mr Mark Wood, managing 
director of Broker Services, 
pan of NMW Computers 
which handles settlements for 
more than half the stock 
market, said: “It seems prob- 
able that if people don’t sell 
their British Gas shares im- 
mediately, they will transfer 
them to their PEPs. So it is 
likely that most people will 
sell their shares one way or the 

It is understood that sugges- 
tions that an exception would 
be made to allow direct trans- 
fers of British Gas shares into 
PEPs are not correct. 

LCP profits show 



By Cliff Feftham 

LCP Holdings, the car parts delighted 
chain and property invest- "" ’ ’ 
ment group, yesterday an- 
nounced a sharp jump in half 
time earnings as it bolstered 
its defences against the hostile 
£148 million takeover bid 
from Ward White, owners of 
Halfords and the Payless DIY 

Mr David Rfaead. chairman 
of LCP. said: “ Onr defence 
document which comes out on 
Wednesday will demolish -alT- 
tbe myths put forward by the 
other side.” . 

LCP reported that profits 
before tax had risen from £4.5 
million to £5.9 million while 
dollar earnings of its Whitlock 
motor accessory chain in the 
United States — the main 
attraction for Ward White — 
had shown a 42 per cent 
Mr Rhead said : “ We are 

with the way 
Whitlock is going. No one 
could do a better job with it If 
Mr Philip Birch, the Ward 
While chairman, tried some of 
the ideas be has suggested that 
we use on the business he 
would fall flat on his face." 

The figures show that 
Whitlock contributed a total 
of £4.5 million profits at the 
trading level with the balance 
coming from LCFs invest- 
ment property, construction 
and distribution operations. 

Meanwhile, after LCFs 
weekend letter to Ward White 
shareholders. Mr Philip Birch 
yesterday replied to criticism 
of his company's borrowings. 

He said that LCP had 
overlooked one of the fun- 
damentals of retailing — that 
borrowings rise to a seasonal 
peak in the build up of stock 
before the Christmas trading 

Sir Owen names his 
successor at BTR 

By John Beil 
City Editor 

Sir Owen Green, the man 
behind the rise of the BTR 
group, yesterday named his 
successor as chief executive. 

He is Mr John Cahill who 
has been running BTR's 
American operations for a 
number of years. 

Mr Cahill joined BTR as a 
trainee salesman in 1955, 
moving to the United States in 
1976. He now holds the post 
of president and chief exec- 
utive officer of BTR Inc- and 
will take up his new title on 
January 1. 

The move ends months of 
speculation over who would 
take over the rein s from Sir 
Owen, who will remain as 
group chairman and devote 
his time to guiding BTR's 
strategic development 

Hot favourites from withm 
the company were Mr Hugh 
Laughland and Mr Lionel 
Stammers, joint chief exec- 
utives of the European opera- 
tions. In the past 20 years 
under Sir Owen, BTR has- 
grown rapidly to become one 
of Britain's biggest industrial 

Mr John Cahill: from sales- 
man to chief executive. 

companies Oritb a stock mar- 
ket value that tops £4.8 

Sir Owen has hardly seemed 
to put a foot wrong and has 
been increasingly active as a 
takeover bidder in the past 
five years, winning control of 
the conglomerate Thomas 
Tilling and the troubled Dun- 
lop tyres and sports goods 

BTR also announced that 
Mr Cahill's job will be filled by 
Mr Edgar E Sharp, who joined 
BTR in 1976 when the group 
took over SW Industries. 

Cash offer 
in PWS’ 
Heath bid 

By Alison Eadie 

PWS Holdings, the expan- 
sionist Lloyd's broker, has 
introduced a cash element to 
its previously all-paper bid for 
its fellow broker CE Heath. It 
has also increased its terms 
and declared them final. 

The revised terms failed to 
impress Heath, which contin- 
ued to urge rejection and 
argued in favour of the agreed 
merger with Fielding In- 

PWS said its offer -would 
lapse if Heath shareholders 
approved the Fielding deal 
and the acquisition was 

PWS is now offering three 
of its own shares and four 
convertible preferred shares 
for four Heath shares, valuing 
Heath shares at 537ftpand the 
company at £173.2 million, 
based on last night’s closing 

Heath shareholders can take 
cash instead of PWS shares at 
27 5p per share. They can also 
retain Heath's interim divi- 
dend of 10p gross per share 
payable for the six months to 
foe end of September. 

Heath pointed out that 
PWS’s first offer was worth 
605p a share and its final and 
increased offer was worth 
557p at the time it was made. 
The I2p fail in PWS’s share 
price yesterday to 290p re- 
duced the value further. 

Heath also said the majority 
oftheoffer was still in paper of 
“uncertain value”. 

Mr Robert Shrager of Mor- 
gan Grenfell, which is acting 
for PWS, said PWS shares 
held up well yesterday, consid- 
ering the enormous under- 
writing at a price of 275p per 

He said the offer from PWS 
was the only one. made at a 
premium and with cash. The 
Fielding deal represented se- 
vere dilutiqn and a very high 
price, he said. 

He added that if the Field- 
ing deal went through. Heath 
shares could drop to 464p — 
the price at which Hambros is 
placing 7.3 per cent. 

Hambros is selling Fielding 
to Heath and will retain 16.S 
per cent of the enlarged group. 

Heath shares eased 9p yes- 
terday to 502p. 


>' fV 

d&s* Jb J-i. \nMhn H 

By David Smith. Economics Correspondent 
Retail sales and consumer £20.8 billion at the end of last 


Sir Kenneth Berrill yesterday: confident that one of the last 
important gaps has been closed (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

By Richard Lander 

The Securities and Invest- unit trust trustees will have to 

meats Board (SIB) yesterday 
unveifed proposals which 
cover the financial adequacy of 
investment businesses — 
including spot checks - under 
the new regulatory structure 
that comes into force with the 
Financial Services Act 

The proposals, which are 
open for comment until 
December 8, will dovetail with 
rules covering the treatment of 
cheats’ funds and an overall 
compensation scheme in 
providing protection for inves- 
tors. Sir Kenneth B errill, 
chairman of the SIB, de- 
scribed yesterday's draft as 
“one of tile last major gaps in 
the rnie book.” 

The proposals would impose 
differing degrees of capital 
requirements according to the 
type of business in which a 
firm engages. 

Firms have been divided 
into four categories: trustees of 
regulated unit trusts, invest- 
ment advisers/intermediaries 
with a distinction between 
those who do and do not 
handle client money, and all 
other investment businesses — 
a category which encompasses 
stockbrokers, capital market 
players, futures dealers and 
most investment managers. 

If the proposals are adopted. 

hold SA million of gross cap- 
ital while' intermediaries and 
advisers will need at leas: 
£2.000 of gross capital and net 
current assets and will also 
have to hold three weeks cf 
annual expenditure if they 
handle clients' money. 

The toughest rules apply to 
the final category of busi- 
nesses, with capital require- 
ments being based on ficaid 
capital — defined as gross 
capital minus most ocn-iiqu'd 

One Important requirement 
for snch firms will be based on 
their investment position risk 
which measures Ihecr expo- 
sure to various categories of 
financial instruments ranging 
from commodities to equities 
and Government bonds. 

The SIB is studying the 
historic price movements of 
the different instruments to 
gauge their volatilty and deter- 
mine how much capital firms 
will have to hold. 

Businesses in the fourth 
category also face Cfce most 
stringent reporting require- 
ments by having to provide 
monthly statements of their 
financial resources. 

The other three groups will 
have to submit anneal state- 
ments only. 

credit continue to boom, 
according to government fig- 
ures. The volume of sales and 
credit advanced reached rec- 
ord ievcis in September. 

The Lawson boom rn ihe 
high streets has produced big 
increases in consumer borr- 
owing. particularly on bank 
credit cards. 

In September. £2.9! billion 
of new credit was advanced, 
compared with £2.65 billion 
in August. Tne previous 
record was £2.74 billion in 
April. In die latest three 
months there was a 4 per cent 
rise in consumer credit. 

Bank credit cards — Access 
and 3arc!a\card — accounted 
for £1.25 billicr. on credit 
advanced in September, and 
are taking over from hire 
purchase as the most popular 
term of credit. 

Officials at the Deoanmen: 
of Trade and Industry said 
that muck of ike credit ad- 
vanced or; Access and 
Barelaycard is paid off before 
it becomes subject to interest 
Credit cards, thus, differ from 
the fixed-term hire purchase 

Even so. the amount of 
consumer credit outstanding 
has risen steadily. At the end 
of September it stood at £23.2 
billion, nearly £600 for every 
adult in Britain. 

The total of credit outstand- 
ing compared with £22. 1 bil- 
lion at the end of Jure and 



sironslv in 

saics increased 
September, the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry's final figures 
shewed. There was a I per 
cent increase- in sales volume, 
after a 0.9 pe r cent increase in 

ides volume was up by l.S 
percent in the July-September 
period, compared with the 
previous three months, and by 
5.2 per cent, compared with a 
year earlier. 

Sales volume was 6.6 per 
cent higher than in September 
last year. The strongest in- 
creases in sales were seen by 
mixed retail businesses such 
as Marks and Spencer, fol- 
lowed b* non-food retailers. 
Food retailers have had a 
smaller sales boom. 

The \alue of sales in 
September averaged £1.78 bil- 
lion a week, if*.4 per cent up 
on a year earlier. So far this 
year, the value of sales is 
running S percent higher than 
in the first nine months of last 

Retail sales appear to have 
held up well Iasi month. The 
John Lewis Partnership said 
that half-term holidays had 
helped spending, with some 
indications of Christmas 
spending. comir.g through. 

The Retail Consortium said 
that the return of cheques for 
unsuccessful f S3 applications 
was one factor which may 
have boosted sales ias; month. 

er ptisnes 
factory costs higher 

By Our Economises Correspondent 


The pound's 
again pushed up 

raw material and fuel costs last 
month, with further increases 
likely *rt the months 
even if sterling holds steady. 

The ofinput prices for 
manufacturing industry rose 
by 1. 1 per cent last month. 
after a 1.7 per cent increase in 
September. The main reason 
for Iasi month's rise was l he 5 
per cent drop for the pound 
azainst the dollar between 
September and October. 

Manufacturing industry's 
material and fuel costs last 
month were still down on a 
year earlier, by 5.3 per cent 
compared with 7.4 per cent in 

But several industries are 
seeing higher costs than a year 
ago. in spile of the sharp drop 
in oil prices. 

These include food, drink 
and tobacco: mechanical en- 
gineering: motor vehicles and 
parts: and footwear and 

The pound's fall, which for 
these industries has offset the 

effects of lower oil and 
commodity prices, has not 
persisted so tar this month. 

Yesterday, after some early 
strength, the s f .c _ i:rc index 
closed unchanged at 69.4. 

Even so. because there are 
lags between exchange rate 
changes and effects or. costs. 
industry’s input costs can be 
expected to rise further in the 
coming months. 

The gap between industry's 
costs and prices at the factory 
gate — output prices — nar- 
rowed last month. 

There was a rise of 0.1 per 
cent in manufacturing 
industry's output prices, com- 
pared with a 0.3 per cent 
increase in September. 

Su: officials were reluctant 
to read too much into the 
slowdown, because monthly 
movements in output prices 
have been erratic. 

Even so, the 12-month rate 
of increase for output prices 
slowed from 4.4 per cent to 4.3 
per cent, its lowest since the 
early 1970s. 

Pru lifts stake 
in Beazer 

The Prudential Corporation 
has spent aboutf 1 7 million on 
raising substantially its share- 
holding in C H Beazer, the 
construction group. Pruden- 
tial announced yesterday it 
had increased its holding to 
5.75 per cent of Beazer. 
Sources close to Beazer sug- 
gest that, through nominees, 
the Prudential has acquired an 
additional 2 per cent. 

New stadium 

Blue Circle Property Hold- 
ings and Brookmount Estates, 
a subsidiary of Brookmount. 
have applied for planning 
permission lo create a retail 
leisure park and international 
stadium, convention and ex- 
hibition centre at Sundon 
Springs. Bedfordshire. 


stock markets 


7053.20 (4-79.56) 
2206.76 H 1 ^ 

284.8 1+1 -g 

1480.7 (-£9) 

2021.7 (+2.6) 

• 2965.431+0^8). 
380.8 (+1-5) 


rices Page 31 



7 BIBS 5.40-52»%* 

DM2. 04 SO 1 
Yenl 82.80* 

h«Jex ; lt1-9 
DR £0.835388 


He Seal Bar 

mowers . 


Brent Walker 

Southend StacSum 

A.B Foods 

JE England 



290p 1+1 Op 

, 219p(+l7p) 

. 291p(+17pj 
, 317p (+13p- 
. 118p(+15p. 
303p 1+lQp) 

SaatcfriXSaateftf — «8p <+23p) 
Bradstock Group — 406pj+23p ( 
Brookmount ... — -- 32ty> (+2& 


l liras 

Simon Engineering . 

P.W.S Int 

Cable & wireless . . 

Cullen's Holdings 1S5p M5p) 

M.M.W Computers 

Prices are as at 4pm 

4G6p (-12p) 
300p -14p) 


dose $410.5041 1.00 (£285.50- 

Moor Ymk: 



Brent (Dec.) pmSi4.BQbbilSl4.65) 

High-flyers confident that 
there is life after Sidney 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Industrial leaders were in- ing an interim report from his to us having 

group. Vision 2010, listing 42 
for industry, govern- 

troduced yesterday to Sidney, 
allegedly a typical British 
manager — always with his 
head stuck in the sand. 

Sidney, a life-size dummy 
with a bucket on his head, 
occupied pride of place on the 
platform at the annual con- 
ference in Bournemouth of the 
Confederation of British 

The organization's team of 
under 35-vear-old high-flyers 
told the gathering what to do 
to make Britain great again. 

“Sidney works in every 
organization — he’s a 
manager,” said Mr Mark 
Nicholson, a Barclays Bank 
manager and chairman of the 

“He works with us, for us, 
and we at times have worked 
for him. Fewer people today 
think like Sidney is thinking 
now. He fears change and 
whenever possible he resists 
iL * 

Mr Nicholson was present- 

ways ... 

ment and others 10 provide 
Britain with go-ahead world- 
leading companies 25 years 
from now. 

The group, 20 managers and 
one teacher, foresee a country 

Conference report 4 
Union partners 20 

dominated by thrusting com- 
panies where workers are re- 
warded according to their 
performance, where trades 
unions and managements 
have the same goals and 
children are taught from an 
early age the part business 
plays in society. 

And, according to Vision 
2010. mass unemployment 
simply will not exist 

Mr Nicholson said the team 
had spent little time on eco- 
nomic trends in Britain “be- 
cause they are awful and point 

us Having little or no 
manufacturing industry in the 
year 2010. 

“Our group simply does not 
accept this and believes inher- 
ently that there is no industry 
in which we cannot compete. 
Furthermore, to have a thriv- 
ing economy in foe year 20J0 
we must have a profitable 
manufaciuriog sector employ- 
ing a significant percentage of 
the workforce.” 

He added that many com- 
panies were bogged down in 
the organization of their 
workforce so that when 
change was made it was 
clumsy and invited the 
confrontation that it so often 

“Our company will have a 
corporate culture with dear 
objectives which are under- 
stood and supported by all 
employees. The company's 
performances against these 
aims will be freely discussed 
with all employees, and even 
Sid will be told." 

v -'-- 



, ., >,* •„: S;-» 

v'-i'i'j— " vi a 

" i 







ex, ex- 
.nd rose 
3wth in 
• as an 
l Turii- 
of the 
from 7 
’n> and 
lgles is 
d mil- 

10 mii- 
fced to 
n not 
ds are | 

f elzis i 
nt es- 
f £70 



Sluggish bonds depress 
prices further at start 

New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street share prices slipped in 
early trading yesterday, de- 
pressed by the bond market's 
continued sluggishness in the 
face of a disappointing US 
treasury refunding. 

The Dow Jones industrial 

E F Hatton fell V/t to 4614. 
Collins and Ailcsnan jumped 
1416. Wtokes Company said it 
had started a 553-a-share 
tender offer for the company. 

The transportation average 
was down 4.12 to 840.88 and 
utilities, at 209.02. were down 

1UC 1/un ouuw . *- 

average was down 3.80 at 0-80- Slocks at 14433 were 
1,882.73. Declining issue led down 2 32. 

advancing issues by two to one. Meanwhile, the Standards 

on a volume of 23 million & Poor’s 100 index was down 


1.01 to 230.52. 

A*eti Signal 
Anted Sire 
AfiB Ctrtnra 
Am’rda Ha 
Am Brands 
Am Can 
Am B Pm 
Am Express 

Am Home 
Am Motors 
Armco Steel 

Ashland Oi 
At Richfield 
Avon Prods 
Qk Ol Baton 
Bank ot NY 
Beth Steel 




Bg Warner 



Surl'ton Jnd 

Can Pacific 
Central SW 
Chase Man 

Clark I , . 
Coca Cast 

Cons Edo 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming Gl 
CPC Inn 
Curtiss Wit 
Dan & Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit EO 
Digital Eg 

Dresser ind 
Duke Rower 
Eastern Afc 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Coro 
Emerson El 
Exxon Corp 
Fed Dpt Sis 





















Fst Ctilcaqo 






41 U 




Fst Pear C 





map Mrs 

















PPG led 





gap com 








GTE com 








Gen Corp 








Gen Dy-mcs 


















Gen Inst 

Gen MBS 





Royal Dutch 
Sn reways 






Gen Motors 



Sara Lee 

71 % 


















Georgia Pac 



Scott Paper 















Seas Rock 









Gould me 







S*»U Trans 

































Guff & West 
















Sterling Dra 
Ssawens Jp 










Sun Comp 































Texas E Cor 








Texas Inst 








Texas UMs 





mt Paper 
mt T«nw 










Tranks Cor 





living Bank 



TRW Inc 





Jtmsn* jtm 



UAL Inc 





Kataer Aturn 








Kerr McGee 








Kmbly Clrk 



Un Pac Cor 





K Mart 



Utd Brands 




35 Vi 


LTV. Cora 

















81 % 

USX Corp 













Lucky Sirs 
Man Hnvor 



Jim Walter 











37 , 

Mamas Cp 



WaBs Fargo 












Marine Mid 








Mil Marietta 


















Xerox Corp 




























Met* CM 

















Morgan J.P. 





Aral Akert 



NCR Corp 








NL (nostra 



Can Pacific 





Nat Drsttrs 

47 ’A 


















KXr/Sid Can 





Norfolk sm 














18 % 








Ogden * 
Owens -A 






Ryl Trustee 









Steel Co 




Pac Gas El 















Penney J.C. 

















« I- a* jayon c £.■ osiT*i«an * ftw. * oasea * Nr* issue. esmcvsuHitaw ivnuert 

back Tung 

Hong Kong {Reuter) - The 
ailing Tung Shipping group of 
Hong Koug took a step to- 
wards financial recovery yes- 
terday when 200 creditors 
signed a package to restructure 
its US$2.6 billion of debt. 

Financial advisers told 
reporters that creditors ap- 
proved the plan at meetings in 
Hong Kong, Singapore and 
Tokyo 14 months after the 
group revealed its financial 

It was not clear how many 
had not signed the agreement 
but advisers said they hoped 
all would agree within a week. 

The group’s chairman, Mr 
CH Tung, said; “Today's 
signing marks the turning 
point for the Tung group and 
gives us the opportunity to 
regain our position as a force 
in world shipping.” 

The group, which has 77 
vessels and more than 9,000 
employees, was hit by the 
steep downturn in the world 
shipping market. 

Its public arm, Orient Over- 
seas, had to suspend trading of 
its shares on the Hong Kong 
Slock Exchange in September 
last year. 

Orient Overseas lost 
US$544 million last year and 
yesterday it announced an- 
other $39 million deficit for 
the first half of this year. 

Under the restructuring 
plan, creditors will have their 
debt converted into bills or 
stock in a new trust that will 
control the group's public and 
privately held operations. 

As part of the deal . the 
company plans a reduction of 
capital that will leave 
shareholders of Orient Over- 
seas with stock worth 5 per 
cent of its original face value. 

A Hong Kong businessman, 
Mr Henry Fok, plans to inject 
USS 1 20 million into the group 
but that requires the creditors 
to agree to the restructuring 

Officials of the group did 
not comment on one creditor 
which may be reluctant to sign 
- the Japanese trading com- 
pany Toyo Menka, which filed 
a lawsuit against the group last 

Brint buys Tyndall banking 

Brint Investments, the inve- 
stment holding company- 
quoted on the Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market, is buyii 

& Company and Tyndall & 
Company (Isle of Man), the 
banking services subsidiaries 
of the Tyndall group, for £9.75 

It is proposing to change its 
name to Tyndall Holdings. 
The Tyndall group, which 
runs unit trusts and has a life 

By Alison Eadie 

assurance arm, was taken over 
by American-based Aetna Life 
Iasi year. 

Brint is paying £1.2 million 
for the remaining 80 per cent 
of WestAvon, the investment 
management group in which it 
holds a 20 per cent stake. 

The company is placing 6.4 
million new shares at 170p 
each and issuing a further 2 
million for 170p cash each. 

Institutional and other 

investors are taking 5.79 mil- 
lion of the placed shares with 
existing shareholders being 
offered a clawback facility on 
3.87 million shares on a one- 
for-one basis. 

Brint has forecast a total 
dividend of 5p net per share 
next year. 

Pretax profits for the year 
ended August 31 were 
£353,796, compared with a 
loss of £1. 1 8 million. 

Abta to expel agents who 
cheat on travel insurance 

From Derek Harris, Brisbane 

Rogue travel agents who 
cheat holidaymakers on their 
travel insurance premiums 
will be thrown out of the 
Association of British Travel 
Agents (Abta), Mr Jack Smith, 
its president said yesterday. 

A “si gnifican t number’’ of 
agents have been accepting 
cash premiums and not pass- 
ing them to insurance com- 
panies, leaving holidaymakers 
uncovered, Mr Colin Brain, 
chairman of Abta's Travel 
Agents Council said as the 
36th annual convention of 
Abta opened here yesterday. 

The cheating had come to 
light when holidaymakers 
made claims for losses or 
accidents while abroad. So far, 
insurance companies have 

still paid out on claims as a 
gesture of goodwill. 

When a holidaymaker has 
called to make a claim, the 
cheatingtravel agents have 
tried to backdate individual 
policies with the insurance 
company with which the agent 
has a regular contract 
Now some insurance com- 
panies refuse to offer cover to 
certain travel agents. 

Abta is now tightening up 
its code of conduct A key 
change is a duty on the travel 
agent to supply immediately a 
detailed insurance document, 
specifying the premium paid 
and a contact number for the 
insurance company. 

Mr Smith said: “It is a 
fundamental part of Abta’s 

rote m protect the consumer 
and this amendment to the 
travel agents’ code of conduct 
will do just that.” 

Mr Brain added this warn- 
ing: “We cannot afford to 
summit any company that 
misbehaves. We shall throw 
out any company doing that” 

There are also growing anxi- 
eties among tour operators 
about some insurance arr- 
angements made by travel 
agents when offering their own 
options to travel insurance 
policies arranged by tour op- 

Sometimes payouts on 
claims are taking much longer 
than normal. Some tour op- 
erators now want to see travel 
insurance restricted to a list of 

approved insurers with good 
records so that holiday- 
makers, while given a choice 
of insurer, would be assured of 
prompt attention to claims. 

Improvements next year to 
Aba’s own insurance cover, 
Stipersure, will indude cover 
for legal expenses when pursu- 
ing claims involving death or 
personal iiymy abroad. It will 
also be possible to cover for 
taekly benefits if a holiday- 
maker canncft work after an 
incident abroad. 

mOKOa OUUi wuuwwiuw * 

ellers, are underwritten by a 
consortium of insurers led by 
General Accident ihror 1 * 
■'arrangements by Jardine, 
insurance broker. 

New-style Butlin’s looks abroad 

Rank Organisation’s new- 
look for its Butlin’s holiday 
centres has been so popular at 
Somerwest World at Mine- 
head, Somerset, that it is 
increasing spending on three 
of its five centres by £60 
million to £100 million. 

And Butlin’s has been 
researching possible expan- 
sion in France and the Bene- 
lux countries. It sees the new 
Holiday World concept as 
heralding a new era of 
entertainment holidays. 

The Butrin's spending 
comes as Sporthuis Centrum 
Recreatie of Holland builds a 
600-bungalow holiday village 
in Sherwood Forest, near Not- 

It is likely to lead to more 

resort villages, which Butiin's 
does not see as a direct 
competitor because h believes 
the villages will attract more 
up-market holidaymakers. 

The Butiin's concept would 
be new to France. Butiin’s 
reports favourable response to 
talks in France on holiday 
centre as bases to explore 
surrounding areas. 

After an initial £10 million 
investment an additional 
similar sum will now be spent 
on Somerwest, where book- 
ings this year are up 36 per 
cent on last year. 

Next year, the Bognor 
Regis, West Sussex and 
Skegness, Lincolnshire, holi- 
day centres will be launched. 

About £16 million is being 

James Henderson^The 
formula is right” 

Spent at Bognor and £13 
million at Skegness. 

It is planned to spend a 
further £60 million at the three 

new-style centres, much of it 
for further improvement of 
accommodation and facilities. 

Skegness is to have what 
Butiin’s claims will be the 
largest indoor water complex 
in Europe, with wave pools 
and beat*, water cascades, 
rapids and flume slides as well 
as water cannon and volcano 
effects, • 

The Somerwest success is 
pointing fto an improvement 
in bookings next year of 60 per 
cent, said Mr James Hender- 
son, the Butlin’s managing 
director. • • 

He added; “It is the clearest 
indication we have got the 
formula right It is the kind of 
shot in the arm that the UK 
holiday market needs.” 

boom set 
to continue 

The boom in early bookings 
for next summer's foreign 
package holidays is growing, 
according to ABTA leaders, 

Mr Sec Franklin, chairman 
of ABTA’s tour operators 
casual, said ids own company 
— Horizon Travel — was 
seeing a doubli ng of bookings 
compared with fast year, 

“There is a tremendous 
early booking demand. Oar 
impression is that this is a 
fair ly typical patters at all the 
travel agents,” he added. 

Pickfords Travel, one of the 
top five travel agency chains, 
reported an 85 per cent in- 
crease in bookings. 

The signs ail pointed to 
1987 being another terrific 
year, said. Mr J act Smith, 
ABTA’s president. 

With less discounting seen 
lata - in the s ummer season, 
the industry bad thrived this 
year, he added. Forecasts erf a 
shake-oar among tour op- 
erators had not been borne oat; 
indeed, their numbers ta- 
„ creased by 42 to S41. 

This year only 25 tour 
operators failed, compared 
with 18 in 1985, and 19 tire 
previous year, Mr Smith 
pointed out. 

Tourism down 

The Park Lane Hotel, 
reporting at half-time, said 
that adverse factors beyond its 
control had seriously affected 
tourism, which will result in 
tower profits in 1986. How- 
ever, the underlying strength 
of tire hotel's business has 
been maintained. An interim 
dividend of 3J5p (same) has 

Payments balance 
‘to stay in surplus’ 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Britain’s balance of pay- 
ments will remain in surplus 
next year, according to the 
latest forecast issued by the 
National Westminster Bank. 
But tiie pound is expected to 
weaken further and interest 
rates are set to remain high. 

In a forecast published to- 
day, Mr David Kero, chief 
economist at National West- 
minster, predicts a current 
account surplus of £250 mil- 
lion next year after broad 
balance this year. 

The Treasury last week . 
forecast a £1.5 billion current 
account deficit for 1987. Most 
forecasters anticipate an even 
larger deficit 

National Westminster’s op- 
timism on the balance of 
payments is based on the view 
that a world economic upturn 
will boost British exports. 
Export and import volumes 


“Corporate Finance?” 
Helping more and more 
companies! 1 

“Fixed Interest?” 
“Doing record business! 1 


Dealers thriving on competition! 1 

“Fund Management?” 
“Both pension fund and private 
client business booming!' 


Phillips & Drew 

lunihiHnu vmimMii mih/iki wm.mi r 

DO Moorgate, London EC2M 6XP. Telephone: 01-628 4444. 

are expected to rise by slightly 
less than 5 per cent in 1987. 
This year, imports have in- 
creased at double the rate of 

Mr Kero expects only a 
modest decline in interest 
rates in Britain next year, with 
base rates likely to remain 
above 10 per cent by the end 
of the year. Against the dollar 
and mark, sterling is forecast 
to drop to $1.35 and DM2.70 
by the end of 1987. 

Mr Kero predicts a 3.3 per 
cent growth rate in Britain 
next 'year,: compared with a 
Treasury forecast of 3 per 
cent. This is substantially 
higher than the 2 per cent 
growth he estimates for this 

Higher world growth will 
bring an escalation in infla- 
tion, the forecast says. 

COATINGS: Interim dividend 
0.90p (0.75), payable January 5. 
Figures in £000 for six months 
to August 31. Turnover 6,158 
(6,1 12), pretax profit 622 <476), 
lax 230, earnings per share Z80p 
(2J3I The company says that 
trading conditions have become 
much more competitive. De- 
spite this the group has contin- 
ued to secure new contracts at 
acceptable margins. The chair- 
man remains cautiously 
optimistic about the prospects 
for the full year and. beyond. 

Hill Samuel Investment 
Management has acquired F 
Fagan & Associates, of Dublin, 
which specializes in pension 
fends management. 

value at November 6 was 181 

ERTIES: A proposal is to be put 
at a meeting on December 4 of 
holders of the 10 per cent 
mortgage debenture 1991-96 
stock to authorise the early 
repayment of the stock, with 
accrued interest, on the repay- 
ment date, . 

directors say that the group, 
including Smith St Aubyn 
(Holdings) from April 5, and 
after writing off the start-up 
costs of King & Shaxson Money 
Brokers, has nude satisfactory 
profits for the six months ended 
Oct 3!. King A Shaxson now 

Oil project 
given £lm 

A technological advance to 
cut the cost of developing 
previously uneconomic Ninth 
Sea oilfields is the target of a 
research project. 

The project, by Weir 
Pumps, is to devise a system to 
pump reservoir fluid to the 
shore without separating liq- 
uid and gas, overcoming the 
present need to have a produc- 
tion platform at the well-bead. 

The project enters its second 
phase after an agreement yes- 
terday between Mr Rob Gar- 
rick, chief executive of the 
Weir Group, and Mr Skip 
Binhartz, managing director of 
ARCO British which is back- 
iugthe £1 million phase. 

This involves the building at 
two prototypes. Weir success- 
fully laboratory-tested a 5,000 
barrel a day subsea design 
model during the first phase, 
jointly funded with BP. 

Cullens still hit 
by heavy losses 

By Cliff Fdtfaam 

Cullen’s, the chain of con ve- 
nience stores taken over ear- 
lier this year after a bid battle 
by three former executives of 
the Imperial Group, is . stiff 
making heavy losses. 

The company announced 
yesterday that it had finished 
the first six months of the year 
£918,000 in the red. But it 
claims that the loss cannot be 
compared with the same spell 
last year because of the 
reorganization which has 
taken place. 

In the first half last year 
Cullen's operated three conve- 
nience stores, 40 licensed gro- 
cers, five supermarkets and 18 
other stores. 

Since then 20 licensed gro- 
cers have been sold or con- 
verted, together with all the 
supermarkets and 16 other 
stores. A fUrther 31 conve- 
nience stores have been 


owns the whole capital of Smith 
Si Aubyn and the costs of 
acquisition have been charged 
to reserves. The directors have 
declared interim dividends of 
2.5p (same), payable December 
15. The whole of the discount 
bouse hotness of King & 
Shaxson has been transferred to 
the discount house subsidiary of 
Smith St Aubyn, and the moped 
discount house businesses will 
be carried on by a company 
called King & Shaxson. 

(HOLDINGS): The directors 
announce that the company 
traded profitably in the period 
April 6 October 31. There will 
be no interim dividend an the 
ordinary shares. 

Racal Communications has 
been awarded a contract worth 
more than $10 million (£6.99 
million) to expand a national 
maritime communications sys- 
tem in Chile. 

contract for the sale of the 
company's Seamer Road, Scar- 
borough, site is unconditional. 
Most of the net sale proceeds of 
about £ 1 ,700,000 will be applied 
in consol iding coachbiidding 
activities and administration on 
the other Scarborough site. 

• SUTER: The company has 
announced an agreement with 
American Optical Corporation 
for the sale of the opdialmic 
operations of UKO Inter- 
national, acquired by Suter. in 
April. The agreement is prin- 

cipally conditional on American 
Optical being satisfied that its 
proposed acquisition will not be 
referred to the Monopolies 
Commission. On completion 
American Optical is to pay Suter 
£2,947,000. This wfll be subject 
to adjustment. 

The sale of the optbalmic opera- 
tions will also result in the 
elimination of about £12 mil- 
lion from Suter group 

terim dividend 10 per cent 

The board gives, a warning 
ihatlhe impact of the first half 
losses together with the high 
rate of store openings will 
continue into the second six 

It says that the established 
convenience stores are gen- 
erally meeting sales and gross 
margin expectations but have 
not been making profits dur- 
ing their early months of 

Cullen’s was acquired for 
£8.6 :m!B!on by Mr Peter 
Matthews, Mr David Claxton 
and Mr Sheridan Swallow, 
after fighting off two compet- 
ing bids. 

The other bids for Cullen’s 
came from the former Asds 
executive, Mr John Fletcher, 
backed by a consortium put 
together by Schroders, and Mr 
Lew Cartier, who sold his 
chain of supermarkets to 
Tescoin 1979 for £20 million. 

(same), payable January 16. 
Figures for half year to July 12- 
Group loss before tax 65,854 
(40,664), tax, adjusted 23,048 
(16,266). extraordinary item 
9,407 (nil), loss per share 7.19p 
(3.49p loss). Production values, 
turnover and trading profit for 
the full year are expected to be 
simil ar to l ast year. 

• ALTEFUND: The company 
has formulated proposals for a 
scheme of amalgamation with 
Capital Strategy Fund, an open- 
ended investment company 

Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient alternative to a deposit 
account in any major currency. 

For further information and the current prospectuses. - 
please complete and return this coupon io: Robin Fuller. ‘ 
N M Rothschild Asset Management (Cl.) Limited. 
P.O. Box 242. St. Julian's Court. S(. Peter Port. Guernsey. 
Channel Islands. Telephone: Guernsey (IMS I j 26741. . 

Name • 









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stock Market report r- 

back on 

■ Respected City . analysis en- 
joyed a traditional 'English 
experience last week - being 
ten behind as the Government 
changed lack. The Chancellor 
announced a stunning rework- 
ing of the Government's pre- 
sumed intellectual framework 
. to groans from the analysts. 
The analysts were not dis- 


that for years. They were upset 
bec aus e the Government had 
chosen to do exactly what it 
wanted, without any prior 
' reference to than. 

' Worse, sterling stood up to 
the Chancellor’s words quite 
wpli, hardly frittering against 
the mark and dollar. Gilts sold 
off by a point at the long end, 
but refrained from collapsing. 

. The tap ended, the week at 
£40%, still % point above its 
partly-paid issue price. 

. . Thai looks almost no price 
at all to pay for securing a 
positive bargaining advantage 
against the market. Brokers’ 
reviews should be kinder to 
the Chancellor in future, es- 
pecially if the polls improve. : 

Base rates rise? 

: But, sadly, the benevolent I 
approach to policy, and hence 
perhaps to the gilts market, 
may be equally misplaced. 
There is still a fair chance that 
British base rates will be 
forced up to 12 per cent soon, 
pushing gilt yields up to the 
top 'end of the range. At 
present the market looks 
reasonably valued and cer- 
tainly not outrageously cheap. 

Almost a fortnight ago the 
Japanese cut their official 
discount rate from 3% to 3 per 
cent, triggering an alarm at the 

Implicit in the shift from 
the multilateralism of Plaza 
One in 1985 to the bilateral- 
ism oflaip 1986 is the possibil- 
ity that Germany may find 
itself quite isolated; itrefiises 
to change its credit stance 
Hence, if the US were to 
follow Japan in rale-cutting 
moves, the marie would trade 
up against both countries, 
adding to tensions within the 
Bundesbank over credit pol- 
icy. From the Bundesbank’s 
view Japan’s .manoeuvering 
looked like Mr James Baker’s 
revenge on , Germany ■ for 
thwarting his Se&emberplan 
■ to cut rates, -ipf- ?-/. ’ • _ 

‘The Bank' "of England 
stopped oversupplying credit, 
halting period rates around. U 
per cent, where a completely ■ 
flat yield curve has .formed. 

Stronger pouM 

Sterling then bounced very 
sbarply. After hovering 
around 67 for some weeks on 
the trader-weighted index, the - , 
pound climbed sharply to- 
wards DM3 and $1.45 as limit 
points, a complete reversal of 
the late September direction. 
The yen’s decline .was : ahnosl 
matched by sterling's ap- 
preciation, leaving the mark 
virtually unchanged, . 

Thus, the threat to the mark 
of depreciating US and Japa- 
nese currencies has been ster- 
ilized by the upward move- 
ment of the pound. Has 
Britain repaid ' the 
Bundesbank's favour when 
sterling threatened to collapse, 
switching the emphasis within . 
its fiscal monetary balance? 

This interpretation, requires 
some kind of statement guar- 
anteeing that British rates will 
stay high and die symmetry of 
joint bilateralism between the 
US and Japan on the one 
hand, and Germany and 
Britain on the other, would be 
complete. The Chancellor’s 
autumn statement may not 
exactly fit the bill. But the 
Chancellor sounds quite keen 

to see base rates rise. 

Policy dilemma 

Any amount of extra nu- 
ance can be factored into this 
general picture. The Japanese 
attitude to the US bond 
market, for example, remains 
inscrutable. The yen weak- 
ened as the US November 
Treasury auction approached 
and funds left Tokyo. That is 
why the dollar finned again st 
the yen. But the Japanese 
foiled to bid at the auctions 
and may now seek to repatri- 
ate funds to Tokyo. 

The Federal Reserve looks 
to be facing a significant 
policy dilemma. New Yore 
broking houses have been left 
holding barrel-loads of US 
debt after the auction, with no 
obvious source of retail de- 
mand on which to off-load the 

* The future for the hoiaes 
looks bleak, unless the. Fed 
comes up 

Discount Rate cut to boost the 
bonds market. But this clearly 
would be at the expense of the 
currency. And the Fed. * s 
starting to fret about the rate 
of growth in US bread money*, 
threatening to tighten, if US 
M-I does not slow down, . 
which is also bad for bonds. 

Substantial yield improve- 
ment in Britain should be 

constrained — by the threat of 

higher rates as Bnif 10 co- 
operates urife fee Bundesbank 
and by the upward drift m US 

returns, assuming that part of j 

the gilts market srill targets j 
New York. ' 

, By Michael Qark 

and Carol Leonard 

Market men did qol know 
which way, Jo turn yesterday as 
stories began circulating that 
GEC, the electrodes awt de- 
fence company, bad lost' the 
prized Ministry of Defence 
contract to suppjfy the RAF 
with the Nimrod airborne 
early warning- system. 

mitiafry it knocked some of 
the wind out of GECs share 
price but by late afternoon the 
rumour was bring dismissed 
as a false one spread by the 
dirty tricks experiments of 
other interest parties. 

The tender for Nimrod was 
only submitted last Tuesday, 
along with the tender for the 
rival Awacs project from 
Boeing, and the existing MoD 
time-table is believed to still 

The MoD should make its 
recommendation by Decem- 
ber 4 and the Cabinet ife 
expected to announce the final 
derision by the middle of the 

The Government has al~ • 

• Heavy equipment sales i 
have become a fast-growing 
area of British Car, Auction 

recovers after report 
limrod is discounted 


[COMMENT Kenneth Fleet J 


*> -v SHARE INDEX ; 



Jan Fab Mar Apr. May Jun Jut Aug Sep Oct Nov 

120 coatainereairt their I 

loads left over from the Falh- 
lands conflict will be sold. 1 
The two-day sale is expected, 
to fetch £1 £ million. The 
shares hit a new high of 167p 

'ready invested £900 million in 
Nimrod and the project is 
likely to need a further £400 
million to complete. The 
Awac alternative would cost 
about £1 billion. 

If GEC gets the balance of 
the contract it stands to gain a 
further £1 billion in export 

GEC shares ended the day 
unchanged at 1 74p, with more 
than 10 million shares traded 
in the market 

Investors 1 opened the new 
account in a cautious mood 
with little enthusiasm for 
chasing shares higher just yet 
Despite the warm reception 
oven last week to the 
Chancellor’s autumn state- 
meat there was little sign of a 

follow-through as turnover 
slowed to a trickle. 

Sentiment remains firm, 
however, with the oil price 
benefiting , from moves by 
Saudi Arabia to force the price 
of a barrel of crude back up to 
$18. The price of Brent crude 
for January delivery rose 0.20 
cents to $15. 

The mqjor oil producers 
responded with BP climbing 
3p to 69lp. Shell Ip to 95lp, 
London & Scottish Marine Ofl 
4p to 147p and Tricentrol 3p 
to <S4p. , i 

The stronger oQ price also 
helped ll)e pound on the 
foreign exchange market, but 
this foiled to lift gilts, which 
reflected the latest bout of 
heavy selling on the US bond 
market where prices were 
down more than $2 over the 

Prices at the longer end of 
the market finished £Y» lower. 

The rest of the equity 
market was left to its own 
devices with the FT 30-share 
index ending* 3.9 down at 
1,3133. The FT-SE 100 lost 
6.4 at 1,656.2. But dealers 
remain unperturbed, and they 
are confident that prices null 
rally later this week. 

. Among the blue chips 
Unilever, the Anglo- Dutch 
household products group, foO 
8p to £19.95 ahead of third 
quarter figures today. Analysts 
are looking for pretax profits 
to clim b from <£244 milli on 10 
£295 million. 

F J C. Lflky, the troubled 
Glasgow-based civil engineer 
and building group, improved 
a further 5p yesterday to 38p, 
on talk that a predator could 
be about to pounce. The one 

name on everyone's lips was 
Trafalgar House, unchanged 
at 283p. 

Word is that certain institu- 
tional shareholders have been 
told not to buy or sell stock. 
“It must mean they've been 
told something,” commented 
one market man. 

liliey shares have now al- 
most fully recovered from 
their suspension at 24p two 
weeks ago. Just two days 
before the suspension they 
stood at 42p. The company 
revealed an interim loss of 
£24.5 million against a profit 
of £934 million last year. 

Beecham slipped 5p to 440p 
after James Capri, the broker, 
placed a line of Z5 million 
shares at around 438p. They 
- were reckoned to have been 
. sold by. one of the big institu- 
tions and were easily placed by 

Whitbread, the brewer, has 
sold its entire holding in 
Television Sooth, the fist- 
growing television franchise, 
to various institutions for an 
undisclosed price. 

It has disposed of 800 
voting shares (20 per cent), 
6.62 million non-voting 
shares (192 per cent) and £1 
million nominal of 10 per cent 
sub-convertible loan stock. 

Whitbread said that it was 
sad to terminate its associ- 
ation with TV South, for 
which it had the highest 
regard But the group has 
decided to concentrate 
management and financial re- 
sources in trading and retail- 
ing. News of the sale clipped 
3p from TV South at 270p. 

TV South is believed to be 
considering joining a con- 

sortium to bid for TF1 . one of 
France's biggest television 
channels which the French 
government has just put up for 
sale. Proceeds from August's 
£20 million rights issue would 
help io finance the deal. 

Meanwhile, (he other major 
television operators continue 
to attract strong institutional 
support with dealers claiming 
that most are enjoying a boom 
in advertising revenue. 

Anglin Television W 
firmed 8p to 319p. Harlech 
Television non-voting 7p to 
226p, London Weekend 7p to 
448pand Ulster Television ‘A’ 
2p to 148a Thames Television 
VC which came to market this 
summer at I90p, slipped Ip to 
33 5p. 

The stores sector was 
mixed, in line with the the 
market, despite encouraging 
retail sales figures for Septem- 
ber. Jewellery retailers had 
their biggest increase for five 
years, rising 1 7 per cent. Sales 
of women's wear grew by 18 
per cent and mail order com- 
panies, which had sales 
growth of only 2 per cent in 

• Redritt & Column has 
been pot on the boy list by 
Mrs Jennifer McGregor, 
health sector analyst at Wood 
Mackenzie. She forecasts 
gai-nlng s of 56-7p a share for 
the current year, putting it 
on a p/e of 14, with 20 per 
cent growth over the next 
two years. Its shares eased 4p 

August, managed a 15 percent 

The figures, which are bener 
than the City expected, had 
brokers tipping stocks like 
Freemans, Next and Rattiers 
as “buys.” But their sentiment 
did little for share prices, 
which mostly drifted a penny 
or two lower. Freemans eased 
a penny to 423p, Next 
dropped 4p to 240p 

Elsewhere in the sector W H 
Smith was unchanged with 
both the ‘A' and the ‘B’ shares 
standing still at 290p and 58p 
respectively ahead of an in- 
stitutional meeting for more 
than a dozen Scottish fund 
managers at the Edinburgh 
offices of Wood Mackenzie, 
the broker, today. 

Taste of things to come 
from the Big Apple 



Two parallel events are talcing place in 
New York that are fascinating in 
themselves, a reflection of changing 
capitalist attitudes and a hint of thin gs 
that may come to the Ciy of London. 
The creeping danger to the .American 
securities from the Japanese is accel- 
erating while at the same time — 
presumably out of confidence, not 
fear — at least one of the pre-eminent 
firms, 1 am told, is busily devising a 
formula for capitalism without risk. 

The securities industry is booming 
amt with the development of the 
global macket prospects, have never 
been better. For the successful players, 
the rewards will be mind-boggling, 
certainly to observers in this country 
if notin the United States, where most 
of the big games will be controlled. In 
such a heady atmosphere, it is not 
perhaps surprising that a leading 
securities house is thinking how it can 
best remunerate its key people, on a 
scale and in a manner that will take 
others' breath away if it persists with 
its scheme. 

In essence, the proposal is to have 
an inner partnership — a small, 
charmed circle to which all 
“ordinary” partners would aspire. 
The standards of achievement would 
naturally be set high — so high that few 
could ever hope to become one of the 
elect. But the incentive to try would be 

The plan is to set aside each year a 
pool of money from the firm's pretax 
profits, after the normal bonus to all 
partners has been paid. This pool, 
which would remain immune from 
any vicissitudes the firm's business 
might suffer, would be divided among 
the elect according to a scale of 
percentages, up to 2 per cent. Thus a 
partner within the charmed inner 
circle would receive his salary, normal 
bonus and elect bonus. The figures 
used for illustration suggest that the 
senior man might receive between $4 
million and $6 million a year. 

That, of course, is New York, not 
London, where the incentives and 
rewards offered in the period leading 
to Big Bang, though beyond most 
people's comprehension, have so far 
stopped short of the stratosphere. 

Ironically, one of the firms to take 
the bidding to dizzy heights on this 
side of the water was EF Hutton 
when successfully acquiring a team of 
salesmen from its fellow American 
broker, Merril Lynch. Ironically be- 
cause E F Hutton appears now to be 
up for sale itself. Negotiations with 
Shearson Lehman, which is part of 

American Express, have come to an 
end without agreement. Price seems 
to have been the stumbling block, 
Hutton's valuation of itself ($L7 
billion) being higher than Shearson 

Hutton, which has had its problems 
in the US. is still one of the biggest US 
retail brokers, with a sales staff of 
6,400 and total capital of $1. 14 billion. 
It is a sign of things to come that a 
firm of this size believes it needs to be 
pan of a bigger group. It is a sign of the 
times that at the same time as 
revealing the failure of negotiations 
with Shearson Lehman, Hutton 
would welcome to its board Sado 
Yasuda, general manager of the 
international investment division of 
Sumitomo Life, one of Japan's leading 
insurance companies. Sumitomo Life 
has a 6 per cent stake in Sumitomo 
Bank which, after the celebrated May 
auctions of US Treasury debt, moved 
to take a strong, profit-sharing but 
non-voting stake in Goldman Sachs. 
Goldman thus became the first of the 
big New York securities houses to 
bow the knee to the Japanese, 
acknowledging them as the new super 
force in the securities industry. The 
first, but certainly not the last 

For the Japanese securities houses 
have again demonstrated their power, 
and also perhaps their cunning, at the 
latest Treasury auctions. U nlik e the 
May auctions when they successfully 
bid for most of the bonds offered, 
proceeded to hold them through a 
felling market when all New York 
expected them to sell, and sub- 
sequently made a killing at the New 
York houses' expense, they bid for 
only an estimated $3 billion last week, 
out of $9.25 billion on offer. They 
have now gone home, leaving the 
great bulk of the paper with the New 
York houses, which may already be 
carrying, for their pains, book losses of 
$120 million. 

These losses would become real, 
and bigger, if the Federal Reserve, as 
some rumourmongers would have it, 
is about to raise the discount rate. 
What the US bond market needs is a 
cut in the rate but even that would be 
two-edged assistance. Lower interest 
rates in New York would bring fresh 
pressure on the dollar, and with it, 
fears of more inflation — a turnoff for 
buyers of bonds. 

It is not yet dear how deep in the 
mire some of the US securities firms 
maybe, or how easy or difficult it may 
be for them to climb clear. But it is a 
scene that needs watching. 

388 ran < 'AmikfaR- v- 
[ IT* 128 AB0A-MFI - 
.-483 Z7B BTR 
.491 861 BAT. 

872 449 Barclays 
640 680 Baas - 
450 356 Baachsm 
726 528 Bfen Orcte 
383 293 BQC 
269 170 Boots 
709 530. Br PWrateun 
•OB l77bBrTMscom . 

193 9B Brito# 

354 256 Burton 

738 277 Cable & Vfiratess 
106 158 Cattwy'Schwapp 
■ 336 259 Com Union 
704 409 Cods OoklflaUs 
827*x 252 Courtautfa . . 

438 318 Ofatons Grp - 
850 408 Ftaora ■ 

954 701 Gen Accident 
226 168 GEC 
111«756 , j<BaJ» 

458 328 &Wd Mat 

11*1721 ays -a 

964 720 GRE 
385 235 GptN 

355 275 Ouinness 
215 141 Hanson 

-310 •»«-. 
■184 .168 

4* MS *300 
27 18.1.2,700 


298 • 



a 3 




480 • 



3 3 






• 28.1 














3 3 







































200* • * 











4* 5,800 






109 2J00 








i 187 








285. • 




. . 



865 • 




















672 .577 • 
843 850 
172 175 
916 325 
438 440 
10’s 10S • 
796 302 • 
253 256 • 
345 380 
214 218 

15 25* 
4 * 21 * 
85 108 
22 19-2 
3.1 147 
£8 149 

S3 23J2 
74 84 

39 13L2 
2.7 19.1 

823 403: Hawkac SUday . 
11**734 imp Cham M - 
583 335. Jaguar 
391 312 Udorata 
348 278 Land SacwMaa 
288 .133 Lagd & Sen - 
484 293 UOydS 
283 183 Lonhro 
231 163 State A Spencer 
509 417 Mttand 
593 426 Nat West 
578 428 P60DM 
248 162 Ptosaey 
942 718 PiudmUal ... 

234 148 Racal Beet 
900 806 Rad* Column 
562*2345 Radars 
791 511 RTZ 
987 782 Royal bn 
426 344 Salisbury (J) 
148>»1Q2 Saws 
415 321 Sedgwick Gp 
970 653 Shan 
188 96 STC 
772 520 Sun AJBanoa 
98 7BVTSB P/P 
420 255 Team 
529 374 Thom EM . 
348 248 Trafalgar House 
209 139 TnatfnuM Fora 
20** 13'iUnSsver 
269 218 Utd BtacuU 






99 684 

ios io». 



11.9 1900 





187 152 





18.0 740 





223 577 







319 889 





69 467 






113 1900 







233 681 






21.1 756 






54 701 














149 B.100 







549 522 






189 4900 














413 122 







0.1 570 







87.0 674 






249 458 










173 443 












149 1900 






61.7 317 




> . 






229 219 
















175 1900 

19*. 20 



189 269 






135 2.000 

Routes to tax cuts 

The key to any scope for tax cuts in 
the Budget will be the revenue side of 
the accounts. Last week the Chan- 
cellor maintained a studious silence 
about the Government's likely in- 
come next year but the degree of 
buoyancy was evident from the 
information in his autumn statement 
about the current year. 

In spite of an overshoot on spend- 
ing of £Vz billion Mr Lawson was still 
able to forecast a public sector 
borrowing requirement on tajget — 
and give away revenue to the oil 
companies at the same time. 

When it comes to the Budget there 
will be a strong temptation to ignore 
any forecast overshoot on public 
spending and instead of mixing in a 
compensating dash of pessimism to 

the revenue figures to and take a 
resolutely optimistic view of both 
spending and revenue. 

That would give the Chancellor 
maximum scope for tax cuts, but 
would become steadily less credible as 
the year progressed and the signs of 
overshooting on spending and 
borrowing became apparent. 

The Government, however, has a 
certain amount of flexibility. If, for 
instance, borrowing appears likely to 
overrun it can be reduced by increas- 
ing privatization proceeds which 
count as negative expenditure. 

That would give the Government at 
least some scope to fight a rearauard 
action against the effects of any 
politically determined fiscal laxity in 
the Budget. 


A Chinese obsession fuels 
instant success for HKFE 


What to buy... when to sell 


Chris topher Dunn 

It has not been an easy year for 
new futures and options con- 
tracts.'' Whether yon look at 
stock index: options on the 
London International Finan- 
cial Futures Exchange, copper 
fhtnres fn Chicago, or new ofl 
products chi London's Inter- 
national Petroleum Exchange, 
yon see markets straggling to 
establish decent volume and 
tiqnntity - among sometimes 
circumspect members^ 

Some will undoubtedly take 
flight after such a hard begin- 
ning; others seen destined 
never to leans the ground. 

One exchange that has 
managed to launch a contract 
with almost instant success 
has been the Hong Kong 
Futures Exchange, with its 
futures contract on the Hang 
Seng Index, the 33-share in- 
dicator which tracks the vol- 
atile (ahd currently booming) 
local stock market 

The (XHotnctJaanched In 
May, has grown steadily in 
volume to average 8,829 lots 
per day in October. The 
busiest day so for, on October 
10, saw' business done in 
12,007 contracts, each worth 
about HK$ 11 0,000 (£9,960) at 
the Hang Seng Index’s current 

level of 230- . . 

the exchange appears to 
. hare picked its.mche well with 
die index futures. It homes in 
neatly on. the Chinese ob- 
session with gambfing of all 
sorts whether it be mah jug, 
die horses or shares, and 
provides a cheaper and easier 
way of playing the market 
than conventional stacks. 

-The absence of stamp duty 
payable on shares makes fu- 
tures dealing costs attractively 
-low, while nrvestdrs caii asB- 
ally obtain lower margin 
reqaicentems from- their, wo- 

ken than they can on stocks. 

Mine importantly, the index 
futures aDow investors to short 
sell .the equity market, a 
practice prohibited on the 
recently-unified stock • ex- 
change. Although the bears 
have been very much on the 
retreat in Hong Kong this year 
- the Hang Seng Index hitting 
a record of 2355.93 on Octo- 
ber 28 — the share market's 
downward corrections tend to 
be sudden and sharp. 

Last week alone, the Hang 
Seng Index showed falls of 
more than 55 points — . or 
around 2 £ per cent — on two 
separate days. 

What makes the success of 
the index futures all the more 
remarkable is that for the first 
ten years of their existence hi 
Hong Kong, futures were 
greeted by load investors with 
all the enthusiasm that fish 
show for bicycles. 

Contracts in soyabeans, cot- 
ton and sugar plodded along, 
supported almost solely by 
Japanese trading houses, 
white fee ranch vaunted gold 
contract was launched with 
excruciatingly bad timing in 
August 1980, right after fee 
biggest boll market the metal 
has seen. 

The development nS fee 
exchange, known until last 
year as the Hong Kong 
Commodity Exchange, has 
been hindered also by a strong 
whiff of scandal, with Mr 
Peter Scales, fee former chair- 
man, . bong sentenced in 
September to 18 months In 
prison after being charged 
with theft and conspiracy to 

The exchange pays dose 
attention to the more nefarious 
activities of floor traders, with 
a keen eye betas kept oa the 

quaintly-named practice of 
“bucketing” — dealing for 
. clients at prices away from the 
best available. 

The success of the index 
futures has made the HKFE 
very much a one-contract ex- 
change. The din of index 
trading in staccato Cantonese 
syllables dominates the exch- 
hange’s new premises while 
business in gold, soyabeans 
and sugar (cotton died in 1981) 
hi iwrhpd away in a corner and 
conducted in almost cathedral- 
like silence. 

The exchange is anxious to 
build on its success and plans 
are already in front of the 
government for several new 
financial contracts including 
yen and mark futures against 
the American dollar and Euro- 
dollar and Hong Kong interest 

Whether this is the correct 
strategy remains to be seen 
because none of the proposed 
contracts appear likely to 
emulate fee cracking pace set 
by fee index formes. 

Currency speculation in 
Hong Kong is already avail- 
able m the highly-liquid fete''' 
bank market, white the Asian 
pool of speculators for Euro- 
dollar futures is already being 
fought over by exchanges in 
Sydney and Singapore. Local 
interest rate futures may at- 
tract more activity from local 
franks but they are hardly the 
Stuff to set speculators* pulses 

- What several local brokers 
would rather see is the HKFE 
continuing to plough the fur- 
row that has brought it such 
high returns so far. 

... Richard Lander 

This impartial action guide could 
have shown you how to turn £ l .OOO 
into C2.344 iniust 1 1 months. 

Unit Trust Selector is a remarkable 
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Inside youT discover which sectors are 
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— Every month Unit Trust Selector I 

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going to experience rapid growth — and predictions on how they’ll perferm- 

fory<m *° • Tracking of fund managers' movements 

get to on the ground floor. troa group to gre^pao you can benefit 

a Highlights on individual f unds — from their expertise. 

pinpointing real proflt opportunities. • Charts, tables and statistics giving you 
• When to sell your amtsand bow foavoid tbesamedataonrownexpertsworx 

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enough, in just 1 1 months you could ha ue turned 
a £1,000 investment into £2,344. 

Following our earlier advice in the Spring of 
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Unit Trust Selector is produced once a 
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Profitable opportunities yon could I 

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This table shows just a few examples of how much richer you would be if you had folkmed the advice in 
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Our readers know that if they really want to 
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funds frequently. For this mason we doi only reD 
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get into something new. 


The success (or faflurel of a fund can depend 
greatly an the managers who run it. 

Unit Trust Selector follows the movements 
of these managers as closely as we follow the 
funds theniselHss. In this respect we provideyou 
with mreer profiles which would be hard tn find 
from other sources. 


Unit Trust Selector is written by the 
aMiDtry'sleadinginvesugauve finandaJ 
journalists. A dedicated team whose opinions 

are sought by the very people 8 boul foey 
are writing. 



We're so confident that youH find Unit Trust 
Selector essential reading that we'll sendyou the 
next three issues without cost or obligation. 


All you have to do now is complete and return 
the Priority Application and direct debit 
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Growth in just twelve mouths 
Vasa Fund 

W*rdley European 
Laurratian Growth 
Snnlile Japan Growth 
S&P Japan Growth 

Henderson Jap. Special Sila 

Growth in just 9ix months 

■« F unfl 

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EacltSlarFmr Eastern 
MlM Japan Performance 
Schroder J span Smaller Cota 
Ll oyd 'a Japan 

> Wrll aho poinr toprofliBinfl openings twr the 
shorter term. For instance, in May 1985. you could 
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days mrestedinWaverleys Australian Gold Fund. 

► Last year, were so confident that GRE 
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B rtmum qntrd 

April *85 
Jane *85 
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Sc|W # 85 
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Jan '86 

model “portfolio". The fund's progress was then 
tracked every month .with our other tips, in our 
‘FamousFne'dart. Sun? enough, by September 
this year GRE Property Share had grown by 
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TH terra btd. wuuiwiwhimI (Source Moner MmaroncuTl 

Bear in mind, however, that you only have to 
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£94 million LET 
takeover terms 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

London & Edinburgh Trust, cent of Nineteen Twentv- 
tbe property trader, yesterday Eight fav-net asset value mi- 
posted its offer document for nus closing down costs. LET 
its agreed £94 million take- shareholders can also buy up 
over of The Nineteen Twenty- to 1.83 million LET units at 
Eight Investment Trust. £22. 75 a unit 
LET’S offer for Nineteen Meanwhile, LET has been 
Twenty-Eight is a disguised busy hiving off London & 
rights issue, which will net it Metropolitan Estates in which 
more than £82 million it bad a 50 per cent stake, 
through the sale of the invest- LMFs flotation will mean 
ment trust's portfolio of that LET will reduce its 
equities. holding to 20.5 per cent as will 

London & Manchester Balfour Beatty, LMFs other 
Assurance, which owns 53.6 owner, 
per cent of Nineteen Twenty- • And LET’S plans for Mr 
Eight, has agreed to accept the Nick Oppenheim's Kelloek 
LET offer. Trust, which will eventually 

Shareholders are being of- become a separately-quoted 
fered one LET unit for every vehicle for all LET'S financial 
50 Nineteen Twenty-Eight services operations, took a 
units. The units comprise new step further last week, 
ordinary shares - up to 24.2 LET and Kelloek sharehold- 
per cent of LET'S enlarged ers approved the move to sell 
share capital and up t o 43 .18 Kelloek a controlling stake in 
million 6 per cent preference LET'S insurance broking arm. 
Shares for the whole of Nine- Burlington insurance Ser- 
teen Twenty-Eight at 105.9 vices, and the general offer of 
per cent of the estimated £10.6 million from LET for 
formula asset value. the whole of Kellock's capital 

There is an underwritten with LET retaining a 45 to 49 
rash alternative of 100 per per cent stake. 

£18m TVS stake sold 

By Cliff Fehham 

Whitbread, the brewing gi- yesterday’s stock market price 
ant. has decided to pull out of for Television South of 270p. 
Television South, the in- down 3p, the stake was worth 
dependent commercial tele- around £18 million. The 
vision company. shares have been placed with 

Whitbread disclosed last City institutions, 
night that it had sold its 20 per c Mr Lionel Ross, finance 
cent shareholding, which it director for Whitbread, said : 
acquired two and a half years “We think that Television 
ago from European Ferries. South remains a very good 
The brewer would not say company but we carried out a 
how much it paid for the review of our investments and 
stake, but said it had made a decided to concentrate our 
profit. On the basis of energies elsewhere.” 







at Helene 

8.1% steel 
output fall 

in OECD 

By Richard Lander 

A takeover bid may be in 
the offing for Helene of 
London, the fashionwear 
group headed by Mr Monte 

The company announced 
yesterday that it was in talks 
with a third party “which may 
or may not lead to an offer 
being made”. 

Helene declined further 
comment and said an 
announcement would be 
made as soon as possible. 

Its shares rose 2p to 32'/ap. 
valuing the company at £1 1.2 

Helene has shown strong 
profit growth over the past 
three years but announced last 
month feat profits in the first 
hair of 1986 had slipped to 
£480,000 from £624,000 a year 

h attributed the fell mainly 
to losses at Peter Barron, a 
dress manufacturer acquired 
last year. 

Paris (AP-Dow Jones) - 
Steel production in western 
industrial countries fell to 803 
million tonnes in the third 
quarter of this year, down 8.1 
per cent from 87.4 million 
tonnes in the same period last 
year, the Organisation for 
Economic Co-operation and 
Development said yesterday. 

The fall brought output for 
the first nine months to 259.6 
million tonnes, down 5.1 per 
cent from 273.5 million tonnes 
in the same period last year. 

Prodoctioo, the OECD said, 
was unlikely to recover and 
wonld continue to deteriorate 
in some countries. 

It linked the weakness of 
output to slack demand. It said 
that demand in the United 
States fell about 5 per cent in 
the period, doe to weakness in 
the capital equipment and oil 
and gas sectors. 

Canadian demand dipped 
because of slacker car output 
and a cot in ofl and gas 

Malaysian minister 
breaks silence on 

buy out 

tin trading losses 



Amersham is 
back on the 

Bv Teresa Poole 
Business Correspondent 

growth track 

l._ .ha nill Silll 111 

£1.5m property profit 

By Our Commercial Property Correspondent 

Five Oaks investments, the 
propeny company in which 
British Car Auction Group 
has a 27.3 per cent stake and 
where Mr David Wickins is 
chairman, is expected to make 
a profit of between £1.5 mil- 
lion and £2 million from the 
sale of its City building at 6, 
Laurence Pountney Hill. 

Five Oaks has agreed terms 
with a private investor to 
develop and sell the project, 
which wiU be worth £11 
million once the 16.500 sq ft 
office building is up and let 
The site was bought for just 
over £5 million from the 
receivers of Miller Buckley 
Developments this summer. 

From M G G Pillai 
Kuala Lumpur 

After five years of striae- 
walling, the Malaysian Gov- 
ernment yesterday revealed a 
little of its role in the attempt 
to corner the world tin market 
But the 10-page unscheduled 
speech in parliament of Dai ok 
Lim Kheng Yaik. the primary 
industry’s minister, spawned 
more questions than answers. 

Datuk Lim said the Malay- 
sian Government formed a 
company in 1981 called 
Maminco which, with Marc 
Rich & Co. the Swiss inter- 
national commodity trader, 
set out to corner the tin 
market, in which both sides 
would share equally in the 
losses and the profits.They 

He blamed the London 
Metal Exchange for the col- 
lapse of the venture when it 
amended the rules so that 
dealers who were caught short 
had to pay only a fine rather 
than be forced to deliver. 

His statements supported 
persistent market rumours of 
losses of more than $400 
millioa (£278 million). It 
turned out that the Malaysian 
Government lost about $300 
millioa. and Marc Rich at 
least an equal amount But 
there are other losses. Mr 
David Zaidner, the Marc Rich 

Datuk Seri Mahathir: pro- 
mised a full explanation 

official who set up the deal 
and who was since sacked, has 
not been heard of for more 
than two years, according to 
sources in the trade. 

Datuk Lim said that 
through the operation which 
began an July 15. 1 98 1 . the tin 
price rose from £6.880 per 
metric tonne in London to 
£8.350 in the next two months 
and a high of £8,970 by 
February 1982. The LME 
action that month brought 
prices down rapidly to £7.160 
by the beginning of March. 

Later the government tried 
to recoup the tosses by market 
intervention and on the stock 
market through two Maminco 
subsidiaries railed Makuwasa 
Securities and Makuwasa 

l bat attempt was not quite 
successful and the two com- 
panies have since been wound 
up. Datuk Lim said Maminco 
itself would be wound up in 
xnid-1 98S after some existing 
commitments had been sett- 

Datuk Lim did not explain 
why the two companies used 
the Malay acronym for the 
goverment-owned employees 
provident fund and why the 
cable address of the Malaysian 
Mining Corporation (Mamin- 
co) was the name of the tin- 
trading company. Other simi- 
lar questions remain unan- 

The government denied any 
connection with Maminco un- 
til that company appeared 
inexplicably under the Min- 
istry of Finance in the 1985 
Malaysian telephone direc- 

The 1 986 directory was 
reprinted to remove the 
offending fisting, but not be- 
fore some thousands of copies 
were distributed with Mamin- 
co still fisted under the Fi- 
nance Ministry. In September, 
Datuk Seri Mahathir Muham- 
mad. the Prime Minister, 
announced that Maminco had 
indeed bought tin, and prom- 
ised a full account of what had 

House of Clarks, manufac- 
turers of Butterkist popcorn, 
well known to cinema-goers, 
has been sold to a group of 
managers in a buyout which 
values the company at £3.6 

A pMnflyment team of four 
led by Mr Ken Lewis, the 
managing director, who at- 1 
ready owned 27 per cent of the ’> 
company, has bought the . 
remaining shareholding from 
more H>«n 30 members of the 
Pitt fam ily which founded of 
House of Clarks in 1938. 

Popcorn — both pre-packed 
and from dispensers — still 
accounts for abort 69 per cent 
of sales but confectioners and 
supermarkets have replaced 
as the main buyers. 

The company also makes 
fudges and jellies for cus- 
tomers including Trebor and 
Barker & Dobson. 

With pretax profits of 
£517,000 on sales of £4.8 
million in the year to the end of 
March, Dagenham-based 
House of Clarks is likely to 
seek a stock market quotation 
within three years. 

The buyout is backed by 
County Development Capital, 
the venture capital ana of 
National Westminster Invest- 
ment Bank, which has tak en a 
30 per cent stake. 

Unlike maw stocks in the applicants will still haw diffi- 
nharmaceuiifals sector, cuhv getting stock. And it « 
. r_ nnt nrtVSSnnlv the case Xhil 

Amersham International s 
fortunes are oot tied to one 
particular product or market. 

not necessarily the case that 
the resultant scarcity oi 
shares will help to keep their 

naiiiiuuu , 

it is broadly spread and price up. 

attributes its success to this Intending purchasers ml 

aP Underiying growth is in Smern of the ranting* 
excess of 10 per cent a year, multiple. At I20p. the ms 

need to fall back on 

but Amersbam’s results are 
affected at times by factors 

toric price-earnings multiple 

is 16.8. falling to a prosper- 

dlIC%LvU 0 t huuvx »«^ — — ^ 

such as unusually, high re- live 14.4 on the asaimP{j°" 
search and development the group makes £_5 million 

expenditure and exchange- 
rale movements. 

First-half pretax profits 
benefited from £2.6 million 
of exchange gains while the 

in the vear to July 31 next 
year. At 1 50p. the prospective 
multiple is closer io IS. 

Even for as unconven- 
tional and exciting a com- 

underlying increase in profits panv as Virgin, an 18-tunes 
was £1 million. However, multiple seems a bit steep. 

increased US compeutauon And memories of the prenp- 
led to lower prices in Japan jtous fell in Morgan Gren- 

and profits were £1 million 
lower as a' consequence. 

fell’s shares from a striking 
price last June of 500p to 

Despite the spread of the under 4G0p. where 11 sail 
business, some products are languishes, should make ap- 

wortby of special mention, pficams cautious. 
Amersham has some unique . 

in vivo diagnostic pharma- LUC8S industries 

ceuticaJs. The Britisk Medical — . — - — - ■ jr- 

Journal*** U? Picked out 

Indium Oxine, which identi- 
fies abscesses, as a product 
which should be used in all 
hospitals while Cerelec, a 
clinical reagent for diagnostic 
brain disorders is so im- 
portant that it is on the “fast 
track” for US approval. 

These products will make 
minor contributions this 

1 1 1 ivii ^ awwxwuv ■ m 

year, but could be worth £20 dinary items were farther 

million of turnover later. 

Ameriite. an in vitro prod- 
uct in the fast growing non- 

radioactive immunoassay year. 

market, is used particularly Lucas Electrical which ac- 

for diagnosing thyroid dis- counts for a third of Bnush 
orders. It wifi not contribute turnover of £1.6 million. 

UtULIJ. It IIV» LUft 1IU v V#A 

to the group until 1987-88 but should break even at the 

should bring useful profits. operating level in this linan- 

juuuim w* ■ r — upviauuh 

Sales of research products oral year, as should Lucas 
moved ahead strongly, help- CAV. which accounts for 

ed by 120 new products, three another third 
quarters of which are non- turnover, 
radioctive. The industrial di- Write-offs of 

uwuwm imv ^ uji. 

vision made progress in a bound to weaken the balance 
more competitive market. sheet, indeed, had it not been 
Profits for 1986-87 should f or £89 million rights 
rise to about £23 million issue, shareholders’ funds 
(27.5pl rising to £28 million WO uld have decreased at the 
next year (33. 7p). y ear end, compared with last 

The shares are on a cur- year 
rent-year p/e ratio of 16 totes Wi th the rights issue, debt 

anrf an» nfir Mcnpnwve. Tbev _ . - 

j — *■/ ■ -ST” wun tne ngnis issue, ucui 

and are not expensive. They re d uce d i and gearing is 
should enjoy another run as modest 19 percent, 

analysts will visit the Cardiff ^ ^ ^ to look al 
research products facility nnderfvina nerfor- 

next month. manceis at the trading level. 

Virgin Groin) Adjusting for a £21 million 

Virgw irroup pension .. holiday, trading 

According to economic the- profit rose by 15 per cent to 

.1?: : .r 1 rin 1 

ory, as the price of goods and £127.1 million. 

services rises, sellers are Lucas is looking ahead to 

tempted to come into the build up its European aero- 
market and supply increases, grace and industrial busi- 

By seeking to raise a fixed £60 nesses. It is Ukely to make 
million on a tender offer, another acquisition in the 

Richard Branson, chairman 
of Virgin Group, is doing the 
opposite. The more the mar- 
ket is prepared to pay for his 

company's shares, the fewer come, but the worst seems to 

shares he is willing to sell. be oyer. The lack ofsufficient 

At the minimum tender British profit to utilize its tax 
price of 120p, 50 million losses will gradually increase 

Virgin shares will be made 
available. But if investors bid 
the price up to 150p, only 40 
million wiU be sold. 

This makes the job of anything more serious, 
deriding how much to tender caused the shares to fell by 

doubly difficult It would 
make sense to tender low, 
because the market wifi be 
allocated more stock for its 
£60 million subscription. But 
demand wifi be high, making 
it difficult to get stock. So 

it difficult to get stock. So the shares on a multiple ot 
individuals will want to bid eight The erosion of the 
high. Then fewer shares will share price has been 

Lucas Industries' latest set of 
results has been feiriy horren- 
dous. In the year to Jul> 31. 
reorganization and redun- 
dancy costs above the line 
werefl 5.3 million and below 
the line there was another 
£46.3 million of extraor- 
dinary items. 

The biggest of the extraor- 

p revisions for closures at 
Lucas Electrical which cont- 
inued to make losses last 


Write-offs of this size are 

Lucas's underlying perfor- 
mance is at the trading level. 

United States soon. 

Redundancies and closures 
will continue on the British 
auiomotive side for years to 

the tax rate. 

Adverse reports of an over- 
time ban and strike which 
was more of an irritant than 

nearly 20 per cent since last 

Savory Mills's motors an- 
alyst, Philip Wylie, expects 
Lucas to make £115 million 

in the present year, putting 
the shares on a multiple of 



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! Quiet start to account 

; ' ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began yesterday. Dealings end November 21. §Contango day November 24. Settlement day December 1. 
; ■« §Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

! J ’ • ' 

W ) i« TO > cTO lttTOOTfrotap riTO qoo t sd.thetaraTOHridttaprtctatTOtedaiy at Spa TiafcL change end P/E mcrakadairad on the inttfflra price 




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• Ex dnidend a Ex di b Forecast .Omdend • Matim 
payment passed f mca at Buspemion g OMdond and 

,-32 . _ 

He'd like to tell you about a new 
personal computer. 

It is a machine so advanced that 
neither jargon nor superlatives- , will do. 
it .justice.' V : V 

* V Instead please cast : your mind 
back to those - ’ carefree . Saturday 
afternoons spent watching Dr Who on 

.Remember how . the Doctor's spacer 
time ship. . Tardis. was small on the 
outside, but vast inside? 

How. as room after room 
opened up. you felt its 
interior, could go on ex- 
panding almost to infinity? . 

That is the principle of 
the COWRAQ- DESKPRQ-386. - -- - 


386 is the first computer 
to use Intel's new 80386 
microprocessor. CThe 386 
chip, as it is known to its 

If the Tardis was a 
fantasy of future technol- 
ogy. this new chip is tbe^ — 

It has the potential 
to address 4,000,000,000 
bytes of memory. C6.250 
times more than a basic 
286 chip computer.) 

One day. we-shall make - 
use of every last byte. 

For now. we're holding 
3,986,000,000 in reserve. 

In the DESKPRO 386, you start off 
with 1 -megabyte of - Random Access 
Memory. CA lot more than with other 

You can step this up to 10 
megabytes by' opening a few doors, 
and 14 megabytes by using just two 
of the machine's * seven available 
'expansion slots'. 

This is impressive, but operating 
systems now being written will soon 
open up . .even , more. ... of- . the - chip's 
memory potential; - 


But - it's no use having a - huge 
warehouse full of goodies if your 
retrieval system slpw._ __ ;■ 

Today’s fastest micros arej. i.6-biC 
machines. Which. means they can only 
handle 1.6 bits of information at- once,-. • 

The . COMPAQ DESKPRO - 386 • 

32-bit machine. V 

- 'ai 

It collects, moves and processes; 
data 32 bits at a time. . 

Not content with this, ' It does 

Please be assured that the 
DESKPRO 385 will run all standard IBM 

; for .earlier, less 


_ r 

powerful computers! 

The only difference is that it will 
run them faster / . 

V But the • refal beauty of this 
machine is that it can also run 
programs i|hat: ordinary micros can t 

,*I m i . ’ 

• C0h oh. : stand by for jargon.* 
Cfjl)/CAE applications and artificial 
^ intelligence programs that 
•usje. up vast amounts of 
memory are high. on this 
lipt. . 

i . 

1 So too are . multi-user/ 
multi-tasking and network^- 
ing systems. CEnd of 

In plain language, the 
DESKPRO 386 can do every- 
thing you're . doing now. 
but much much better. 

And . it : has almost 
limitless potential for the 
future. ~ . 

WHO'S WHO? . ■ 

it at. more than twice .the" 
today's most powerful micros.^ - : 


A computers memory is a 

warehouse - stacked with packets, or 
as we call them, 'bits', of information. 

By handling bigger chuhks of data, 
at a higher speed, it can whip through 
programs up to 3 times faster than an 
advanced 286 machine like. say. IBM's 
8 MHz PC- AT - 

COMPATIBILITY. ‘ ' .••• ' ■ 

Of course, - everyone will-;- ,:be- 
wondering whether our new computer 
will be able to run_ their... existing, 
software. Is it IBM-compatible? 

jL Now it's pg : s sible. de s.-» 
pite the' efforts of John 
Cleese on TV. that you 
haven't heard of COMPAQ. 

We are - no. we can't 
say it. 

Oh, to hell with mod- 
esty we've been called 
the. most successful com- 
puter company in history. 

But why should you 

“ -9 ‘ 

believe an advertisement?. 

Ask any computer expert. Or dip 
Into the computer press. 

You'll •find among other things, that 
we hold the all time record _ for the 
fastest ever entry into the Fortune 

500. ; ;; . - 

.And that ' over' the - years"\~weVe 
launched a series of excellent 
computers, each , well .built, good value 
for money and easily outperforming 
the opposition." ' 

Anyone who knows anything about 
computers Will tell you that the COMPAQ 

DESKPRO 386 is the -most- advanced PC 
ever made. • • 





Edited by Matthew May 




29 - 

the week 

By Geof Wheelwright - 

Marriage between the computing and 
manufacturing industries came one 
step closer last week when final 

details were announced for a Decem- 
ber conference on the Computer 
Integrated Manufacturing Automa- 
tion Protocol (CIMAP). 

CIMAP wfll be the world's biggest- 
ever working demonstration erf* com- 
puter-integrated manufacturing nmg 
the Manufacturing Protocol (MAP) 
and the Technical Office Protocol 
(TOP). To succeed, it will require the 
cooperation of some of the biggest 
competitors in industry and comput- 

The^Digital Equipment Corpora- 

tion (DEC) and International Busi- 
ness Machines (IBM), for example, 
will work together in producing a 
MAP demonstration that has IBM 
and DEC machines controlling 
robots that play out a game of 
on a huge chess board. 

It may sound a little off-beat, but 


important not only because h allows 
existing manufacturing facilities to 
function more efficiently, but because 
it encourages manufacturers to have 
multi-vendor plants, which do not 

rely solely on the information tech- 
ier ofo 

John Butchen mBestnae conference 

the goals of C3MAP are important 
of Trade 

enough for the Department VM i .~.»r 
and Industry to want to play Cupid to 
the proposed, coupling of computing 
and manufacturing. 

Last week, the Conservative MP, 
John Butcher, in his role as an under- 
secretary of state for industiy, spoke 
about why the event at Bi rmingham 's 
NEC is so vital to the government. 
He said: “Manufacturing matters and 

should always be at the core of this 
country's economy.; The av ailab ility 
of the right information te chnol ogy 
and its implementation {in industry) 
are essentiaL” 

The biggest problem traditionally 
feein g computer-based manufac- 
turing systems has been RnKng the 
equipment produced by a _ large 
variety of computer, robotics ami 
electronics manufacturers. But the 
new MAP and TOP ’ protocols are 
designed to provide a common 
language with which these systems 
can “speak* to one another. 

The government considers this 

oology of one company to survive. 

Mr : Butcher suggests that this 
objective is also important to in- 
dustry, important enough for many 
companies to put their rivalries aside 
for lbng enough to build the 
demonstration system that will be on 
show at the Birmingham NEC from 
December 1 to 5. 

Mr Butcher adds: “CIMAP is a 
milestone for the UK. The unique 
way in which my department and 
industry have worked together under- 
lines the importance of this event.” 

All the companies participating in 
the five-tfay event have been making 
hectic preparations for CIMAP since 
June, at a site in Basingstoke pro- 
vided by dectromcs firm Gould Inc. 
That site is being used to make sure 
that die whole system works without 

erior before moving it up to Bir- 
s before the 

minghaim only eight days 
event begins. 

They trill then have a mere day and 
a half to lay all the rahfing necessary 
to connect the £10 million 
demonstration system, comprising 1 5 
huge “de mo ns trati on cells”, before it 
is open to delegates on December I. 

But CIMAP is not the only 

gnTn prting/mamtfiw-HTf ing industry 
romance effort promoted by the DTI 
in recent weeks: Only two weeks ago 
the DTI announced the award of a 
contract to set up a conformance 
testing centre for MAP to the Hemel 

Hempstead-based Networking 

The centre, already the recipient of 
one contract to establish European 
conformance testing services for local 
area networks, will be provided with 
more than £l million of DTI funding 
to set np Ibe new standards project. 
The government seems kerniy aware 
that encouragement of standards will 
be the only way in which European 
and UK technology companies will 
be able to properly compete in world 
IT markets. 

The often “proprietary" nature of 
many systems from large corpora- 
tions such as IBM has m the past 
made it difficult for UK competition 
to emerge. In pursuing European 
s tan dards however, the government 
will have to ensure that it does not 
move out of step with the rest of the 
world. The involvement of the 
Networking Centre looks to be a good 
move in preventing that problem. 

The centre’s managing director. 
Tony Rixon, says“It will enable UK 
Limited to get totally involved in 
these emerging international stan- 
dards at an early stage. Companies 
taking advantage of this government 
initiative will be up with the leaders 
in the race to develop products with 
an 'international market potential.” 

The last word on the DTTs plans 
has to go to John Butcher, who seems 
to have his own set of Tory-style 
Victorian values where the manufac- 
turing sector is concerned. “Our 
manufacturers now have the re- 
sources to do what they did so well in 
the 19th century,” he said, “and that 
is to beat the world.” 

Universities leam the lesson 

of profiting from studies 


What have the following in 
common? Prinfix, Vuman, 
Heart, Sftnpteplot, and the 
Edinburgh Model Pig? They 
are software programs, but 
more than that, they have all 
been developed and marketed 
by British universities. 

Universities, precisely be- 
cause they are not in die 
conventional sense commer- 
cial. often can either come up 
with a solution that has es- 
caped industry. That is why 
universities get research con- 

Rodney Barker 
examines why the 
academic world often 
comes up with 
solutions that evade 

And because the university 

contribution to computer ! 
ware did not arise in the first 
place from the se arch for 
profits, its potential profitabil- 
ity can take a long time to be 
noticed and exploited. 

At Loughborough, bespoke 
educational software has been 
developed for use on the BBC 
micro. At Edinburgh, the 
Centre for die Application of 
Software and Technology 
(CAST) has developed educa- 
tional programs in meteorol- 
ogy and social and economic 
history. At Huff, programs 
have been developed in 
psychology and geography. 

Almost every university 
department which uses 
computing has at some time 
provided free software to help 

some other part of die world 
of education. 

the woA^aaunputerMtim- 
siast who freely snares his or 
her work. At Birkbeck, Alan 
Mackay has developed a pro- 
gram for writing foreign text 
with an Epson FX-80; it is 
there for anyone who wants to 
use h. 

The dedication to learning 
created initiatives in the 
universities which had not 
been taken elsewhere. It 
meant too that in the begin- 
ning universities gave freely to 
industry discoveries that in- 
dustry then exploited; the 
universities were slow to ex- 
ploit them. 

Universities also took sev- 
eral years before they became 
interested in adapting 
extending software to the 
needs of commercial research 
and manufacture. 

This is now changing rap- 
idly, and it is to adaption that 
CAST at Edinburgh has been 
paying particular attention, 
with products such as the 

graphics program, GKSUK. 

Universities are increas- 
ingly developing and market- 
ing software with a view not 
only to advancing knowledge 
but to capitalizing on that 
advance for their own benefit 
Bradford’s University Soft- 
ware Services sells the graph- 
ics program, Simpleplot, in 
Japan. Manchester 

University's Vuman sells the 
word-processing program Vu- 
Writer, and its own terminal- 
emulator program. Heart, a 
cardiac electrical-activity 
simulator developed in the 
Oxford University Physiology 
Department, is sold by Oxsoft 
alongside tbe same 
department’s word-processing 

Edinburgh’s CAST markets 
Incrypt, initially developed to 
preserve the confidentiality of 
medical records and the Edin- 
burgh Model Pig applies the 
skills of Edinburgh University 
to the feeding and housing 
logistics of baron farming. 

Even when universities do 
not market their products, 
they are becoming more 
skilled at selling them or their 
abilities^at a ^good profi t. 

refationship^'tb Intel and a 
development of Essex’s SX1 
program is being marketed by 
British Telecom. 

rficiency I 


ex. tx- 
rnd rose 
3wth in 
/as an 
l Turn- 
er the 
from 7 
■nt and 
igles is J 
where i 
d mil- 

10 mil - 1 
«Pf»- 1 

ked to : 

which i 
it doti 
ils are ! 

f this! 

nt es- 
f £70 

Germans unite to 
sell Japanese 

From Richard Sarson in Frankfort 

Siemens, the Munich com- 
puter and tefecommicatioas 
company, has announced a 
joint venture with BASF of 
Lodwigshafen, to sell IBM- 
compatible supercomputers 

Hie new DM 80 mUtion 
company, owned 5ft per cent 
by auh parent, has not been 
given a name, but wiD be based 
in Mannheim and employ 
about 1,00ft staff. The chemi- 
cal company BASF dune into 
campnteis through its work os 
magnetic tapes and discs. In 
1979, it started selling 
Hitachi’s IBM-compatible 

Since - then,:, its, 
business has grown by 20 per 
cent a year, and raw is worth 
1,000 million marks (abont 
£330 nriDfanj — 20 perceMaf 
the European plug-compatible 
market. Siemens's comp u ter 

business brings in 5,000 mil- 

lion marks but only a tenth of 
that comes from , die IBM 

plug-compatible market. The 
rest is Siemens's own range, 
the BS2000, which has its 

home-grown operating system, 

and wiD' continue to be mar- 
keted by Siemens itself, not 
the joint-venture company. 

Siemens bought its IBM- 
compatiMes from Fujksn, not 
Hitachi. But there have been 

problems with this coopera- 

tion, because of legal action 
between IB M ^ an d Fujit su 
about patent infringements in 
the Fujitsu operating system. 

Twenty six of Siemens’s cus- 

tomers use this software. The 
rest ose IBM’s proprietary 
operatmg systems.The new 
company will offer equipment 

from both Japanese suppliers, 

depending on the needs of 
individual customers. But the 
balance is likely to s w in g 
towards HitmebL ■ 

Thenuria target of the new 
company wffl be Emrope, 
where «mly Olivetti remains as 
an indigenous IBM-compat- 
ible mainframe supplier, since 
KX withdrew from the market 
last year. . 

- • The. Germans wfD not im 
tmDy attack the US. Nor, 
unsurprisingly, will they at- 
tempt to get into Japan. In 
Britain, Sfemeus has only just 
started selling computers. 

. The new company will have 
3^00 customers, 650 of them 
~wftfc huge mainframes and 
abont 30,000 peripherals. It 
expects to have a turnover off 
.more than 1,000 trillion marks!} 
in 1987, more than half of| 

which win be outside Gee- 

many. It hopes to expand by 

25 per cent a year. 

Even before this joint ven- 
ture, Siemens Data was tire 
largest computer company fa 

Europe, having displaced ICXj 
from this position In 1982. 

It is not certain that tfaei 
venture win strengthen EoroJ 
peaa industry as a whole 
because Us purpose is to| 
increase the. import of Japa- 
nese super mainframes, albeid 
at the expense of importing! 

IBM machines from the US. 

However^ the plug-compat- 

ible market is very volatile, 
and if there is a shake-out in 
the next two years, the fman- 

the S vcsture it 

possible for them to buy out an 
American competitor. This 
could be good for Europe. 


- feyourconpJteprocm 

WflTWTENANCT&COHSnnMCY 021-773 0421 








Toshiba Laptops ! 

_ ; T/wkiKo Lin- 


The incredible range of Toshiba lap- 
top computers from tbe T1I00 up to 
and including die T3100. which gives 
the power of an IBM FC-AT but in tiresome sbe as a briefcase. 
Don't be left out in the cokL Come in to High HoOrarn's only 
Toshiba authorised dealer and see these machines f or ^o nrsetf- 

HlWlfe rnMPirmrc 78 High Holbom, London WC1V 6LS. 
MORSE W lmrUiClw Telephone 01-831 0644. Tetoc 262546. 


Call Henrietta on 01 828 9000 

Networking • Software • Training 

10, 20 & 40Mb upgrades 



Compaq: J 

Portable "256k 

offer on the new sma^’PortaM^raodel 

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price^^tbePortable Hi®. BeskproandMtpeo286 products. 

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LTetephoqe 014314644. Idax 262546. 

computer maker 

Fujitsu, die largest and most respected 
computer maker in Japan, and one of 
the world’s biggest names in computer 
technology presents the UK with four 
examples from its best selling ranges of 
serial printers, line printers, tape drives 
and disk drives. 

First our printers, a sophisticated range 
of serial and line printers, developed 
and improved over 30 years, and provid- 
ing simple, friendly, reliable 
and efficient service when- 
ever you need them. 

and with an operating noise level 
of only 55 db, ideal for the office 

Take our new /■ 
DL2000 series 
’ of serial 

printers, and the M304X 
series, Fujitsu’s new family ^ 
of line printers, reliable, 


Then there's the 
M2333K, one of 
Fujitsu’s 8-inch 
Winchester-tvpe fixed 
disk drives featuring new large storage 
capacities and a fast positioning time. 
They provide superior cost-effective- 
ness, setting a new standard for small 
computer systems and intelligent termi- 
nals across a broad range of 

ideal back up for superminis and cluster 
computers, and also quiet enough for 
the office. 

Fujitsu peripherals are renowned world- 
wide for their compatibility with 
virtually every system in the market 
place, simplicity of operation, but above 
all for reliability. 

For full details of our range of printers, 
and disk and tape drives fill in the cou- 
pon below. 

And lastly, the new 
streaming tape 
drives, the M2 -hX 

Japan’s No. 1 computer maker 

Fujitsu Eunipe Ltd.. 

Roval Trust House. >i Jennvn Sl London SWJY 6NQ 
PhcW. (-m-1 )-«CW(XH3 

I Please send me further information on the following 
i Fujitsu ranges ncK apphoiwot kov s » 

! D Disk Drives 

I ClTapeDrives 

n Serial Printers 
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J - SaKilO: 

j Fujitsu Europe Ltd., K< nal Trust House. Jenrnn SL LwinUm SNS n oNQ 


Title __ 

Address _ 







:v.v" JH* ■ 



State of the 
art donation 

£ 20,000 

a year 

for students 

I Professor John Campbell. 

looks waH content as tie peers 
into thaetectronte future: The 

By Elizabeth Fowler 

has made a £300,000 donation to- * 
help students at UCL develop - 

The UK. is not alone in 
suffering from a shortage 
skated computer staff. On- 

- • the-job training coalbfiied with 
'•‘a master's degree are the 

advantages dted for a jpro- 
granune offered by Americas 

- General Electric company. 
■ v '. Each year, the firm selects 
v ‘ abort 15 coltegB seniors for its 
-C software-technology PHH 
■' gramme: 

- David Priest, manager of 
., softwarfe-engineerag services 

*' knows of no other comp a n y 
that offers such a program. He 
j defines software en g ine e r ing 
* as the “application of sound 
* ' engineering principles to 
J development and mabitahhg 

- ©(software.” 

The company began its 
... program in 1980 with two' 
jj students when ft co uld no t find 
enough young software ex- 
r, pelts. Software professionals, 
who design computer pro- 
. grants needed to solve complex 
\ engineering, nnthointics and 
-. prodnetion problems, work 
Is closely with electrical at* 
gineers, physicists, math- 
anatidans, biologists and 

Mr Priest said: “We provide 
. the stndents with real-world 
" projects — notjnst the software 
' engineering concepts they 
might get in college.” 

One attraction, anbeard of 
. in Britain, is a salary of more 
than $28,000. nearf y £20,000. 

Now six years later, the 
program is larger, 12 or 15 

■ stndents a year. With 12 hired 
this spring, 50 have joined the 

- program. 

Instead of hiring stndents 
: ;wbo already hold master's 
degrees in software for the 
.* program, GE prefers to train 
its own experts, making sure 
they receive a master’s degree. 

The program begins each 

■ Jane with an in-house etght- 
week software engineering 

- course, which includes learn- 
ing languages of program- 

Computer languages needed 
by GE’s professionals include 
C and Lisp, as weO as ADA, 
the language used by the US 
government's Defense Depart- 
ment Though the program 
stresses the technical, stu- 
dents spend part of tber first 
summer (earning how re 

The donation means that the 
students can teach through 
research, with access to state- 
of-the-art combinations of hardware 
and program development 
environments. This, says Professor 



has boon announced tif Lotus 

Freelance Plus includes . 
charting, chart etfting, efiagrams, 
word charts, freehanddrawing, 

««■ * -■ i 

package, ft fefnrendecftQ / 
provide users of IBM personal 
computers and compatibles a 
complete graphics solution. 

One function is to create ‘ 

standard business charts by 
FreefencfrAis. It safe another 
level of integration with Lotus l- 
2-8 and Sym#mny, allowing the 

feaii jtgia : 

. . '*< m 

•H’.- V'W* :v 

flies, Thfegue* users the flexstfity 
to generate presentation and 
report charts directly from 
worksheet data. A second new 
function Is a text chart modide that 

provides pro-defined formats to 

streamfine the creation of word 
ctwts, the most frequently used 
presentation chart format 

The suggested reteilprice of 
Freelance Ptosis E395. Re® 

Campbefl of the computer- 
science department, applies 
whenever students undertake 
special software protects as partof 
their causes. Most of the 
projects will be for final-year and 
■masters students. 

Under its university grant - 
programme, RankXerox win donate 
four Xerox 1186 workstations, 

two 80 Mbyte file servers and a 

Xerox 2700 laser printer with 42 

Mbyte print server to UCL's 

departments computer 

science. Software packages include 
InerUsp-O, LOOPS (List Object 
Orientated Programming), 

Viewpoint and XNS Network as 
weU as the Xerox Development ‘ 
Environment (XDE). 

The XDE software wffl provide a 
computer "shell” for research 

Professor Campbefl said: 
M lntBrLisp-D software is a natural 

■ The Hoskyns Group, one of 
the NMestcocTtoutef -services 

in the UK, is planning 
on the London Stock 

. _ for project students 
who have taken the new introductor 
progr am ming course that we 
Introduced tote year. The new ~ 

course uses a Usp-flke language 
and teaches good programming 
and sofhiaraangirieenng habits ■ 

a MUteting on the London Stock . 
Exchange, by a placing of a .. . 
minority of the ordtoaiy shares. 

The group, founded In 1964, has •• - 
been operating since 1975 as a 
whofly owned suMcfiary of 
Martin Marietta of Bethesda, 
Maryland, a US aeroepace and 

infomrattan-technotogy coooraticm 
and as an eteroent of Martin 
Marietta Data Systems.. 

■ A new graphics product 
offering personal computer users 
oportiwies for creating 
effective business communications 

Freelance Ptoa is E395. Registered 
Freelance users w® be able to 

Freelance Plus runs wiih the 

'IBM PC. XT, ATjmWmum 384K 
memory) or an IBM 3270 PC 
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Why Britain needs a new 
science of information 

What passes for computer 
science in our universities is 
not science at alL but en- 
gineering. To replace it, we 
need something completely 
new — a science of informa- 

So says Gordon Scarrott, 
one of Britain’s pioneer com- 
puter engineers who worked 
as chief research engineer in 
Ferranti’s computer depart- 
ment and was the manager of 
IOL’s research and advanced 
development throughout the 

One of the aspects of 
information, which he wants 
to see investigated is how far 
information technology 
should go and where it should 
stop. He is particularly scep- 
tical about the claims made by 
the developers of expert sys- 
tems. who try to capture the 
expertise of a doctor or lawyer 
as a set of logical rules in a 
computer program. . 

Mr Scrttotf beiieves tfaat 
most human experts do not 

early parallel processor. 

In a recent article for the 

Journal cf Information Tech- 
nology Mr Scarrott claimed 
that what goes on in the 
computer-science depart- 
ments of universities is only 


By Richard Sarson 

“disordered exploratory 
activity" into how computers 
and their related software 
should be made to work. 


for storage discs . 

Mr Priest said: "They most 
be able to stand in trout of aa 
audience and explain technical 
projects to top management." 

The hands-on-training that 
hones the professional skids 
GE wants includes spending a 
year each on three projects 
working with a senior sci- 

use logic that much bat rather 
judgement instead which is 
more of a subconscious pro- 
cess, working on the expat’s 

What is lacking is research 
into the nature of information 
itself and the way human 
bangs inter-act with ft, he 

Information should be stud- 
ied as a recognizable feature of 
the outside world in the same 
way as an atom is studied by a 
nuclear physicist. . 

If we knew more about how 
information behaves, the en- 
Mueers might then build better L 
^hard w are" ~ahd software to 
handle ft and until we do. Mr 
Scarrott says, information 
technology will remain adoles- 
cent pointing out that all other 
technologies have gr o wn up 
hand in hand with their 
related branch of science. 

example, comes from the the- 
ories of the 19th-century 
mathematician Boole, while 
writers of high-level or so- 
called natural computer lan- 
guages acknowledge their debt 
to the American linguist 
Noam Chomsky or the Oxford 
philosopher J. L. Austin. 

And of coarse the design of 
the chips themselves is well- 
founded on physical science. 

But Gordon Scarrott wants 
his information scientists to ' 
be mote systematic in tbeir 
study of the functions, struc- 
tures, dynamic behaviour and 

ytaffraifs of info rm ati on 

Research should not be just 
into the behaviour ofdaia on a 
disc or the .signals down a 
telephone line but also cover 
the way humans use informa- 
tion to guide the actions of 
cooperating social groups. 

Most of today’s information 
systems pass from humans to 

m*riirne < and h ark again. The 

science of information would 
study the interaction. In. a 

at the heart of the matter 

■&# • 


Gord on Sca rrott, 
computer eogn 

sides to adopt bis ideas over- 
night and set up brand new 
cross-disciplinary faculties- of 
information science, or get rid 
of the faculties which, be says, 
now masquerade »w/fer the , 
title of computer science, 1 
recognizing that there are too 
many verted interests in- 

Computer databases — large 
files of data that enable users 
to draw on a central pool of 
up-to-date information - 
form the heart of many com- 
puter systems, from the details 
of a bank’s many customers to 
a small mailing ' 

Bst - : . ' • v . 

They provide on-fine access 
to systems such as tire Stock 
Exchange’s SEAQ, to animal 
records at London Zoo for 
endangered species and to 
product design information in 
engineering companies. _ 
They also form' the basison 
which many management de- 
cisions can be made. : - 
Design of databases is a. 
specialist task. It r e gi mes that 
logical tewrihnig for informa- 
tion from different parts of the 
database can be integrated 
with data from another part of 
the system or with newly input 
information. . ' 

It has to search for and find 
the precise information, 
prompting Jhe . ” user rswtfr 
menus for selection, authorize 

defining the way one part of a . 
. database or system relates to 
another "'are the next step 
towards evewnore-powerful 
-ways . of . manipulating; 


According to industry jmr 


By Eddie Coulter 

ditv relational technology is 
set to take off in die next two. 
yearsL It is now in use only on 
10 per oent of teg systems in 
the UK, mostly * experi- 
mentally. For companies to 
get a grip onfiiis tedmology is 
a serious boanesa because 
large pahiiy management 
systems cost up to &U million 
and wiB, once implemented, 
be arotuzd for up to 15 years. 

Large corporate as 

c aft be hi^ily compfox; teams 
of up to tS-peoiwf-raay be 
-involved m-fear^fetign,. im- 

essentiaL High-fovd design 
capability is foremost with an 
understanding of database 
strategy. Part of the experience 
wifi inevitably include -data- 
dicticmary maintenance. This 
is the serftware tlfflt desoibes 
foe form and characteristics of 
data within the computer and 
defines relationships between 
the data. It avoids repetition 
of names used by pro- 
grathmers for files, tecords 
and data items, so ensuring 
mufprmity. . j . . 

Knowing how "data is 

moved around a corporatioi 
.is also, one of the kpys to 
saccessfiil database design. 
■'The larger foe organization 
and foe greater xbe awareness 
of foe power available through 
- well-structured accessible 
information,- the .more com- 
plex foe design becomes. 

There isa shortage of people 

who have sufficient under- 
standing rt tins level, but that 
is y/beps relationai da t abases- 
and consultancy come inj 
/^fol^dtisjdatebases llalve 

: systems,^ i^MMNidKP^eU, 
manapng fetor of Rtia- 
tional Technrfogy, woe of the 
companies, supplymg DBMS 
software hr competition with 
ADR, Onpom;' UtHoiet, IBM 
and Otade. “For this* reason 
foe market wQl grow rapidly 
in the nexffew years? 

A £30,000-a-year consultant 
will Med, eight years’ fottabase 
. expenescc with> five years’ 
-knowtedge of refatioftal tech- 
niquesu At £18,000 & year at 
leastfive years’ database prac- 
tice is required. Without 
doubt, careers in da t a b a s e 
management have their ap- 
peal and foe challenge of 
designing systems which 
could be the future fife-blood 
of a company. 

personal terms 

machine, foe information 
pa ssm g fr om one component 
to another exerts total controL 

Areas include graphics, 
robotics, factory smudatien, 
CAD-CAM artificial tntelli- 
gence, image processing, for- 
mal language theory and 
control systems. Some of the 
most intriguing assignments 
deal with foe growing field of 

artificial intelligence. ' 

NY fun* . , : 

As it is impossible to pro - 
gram foe subconscious and a 
person's experience is too vast 
to put on to computer-disc 
storage, expert systems are 
limited to simple applications 
he argues. 

For ‘instance, when 
Montgolfier launched foe first. 
. balloon in 1783, he thought ft 
was lifted by smoke, until foe 
scientist Charles published his 
law on the thermal expansion 
of gases only four years later. 

But for humans the control 
is only partial because when 
one person tries to say some- 
thing, another wifl interpret ft 
in foeir own personal terms. 

That Mr Scarrott shook! 
-have come to this conclusion 
is significant because during 
the 1970s he developed two of 
foe essential tools for expert 
-systems.— afartdis&«earching 
device called CAFS and an. 

. Information technology, 
however, has no afl-embracmg 
scientific framework to work 
within. The most it does is to 
borrow-, scientific theories 
from other d isci plmes. 

The binary switching sys- 
tem of an c ompu te is, for 

Information scientists, says 
Mr Scarrott, should not be 
engineers, like himself, or 
today’s mathematically ori- 
ented computer scientists. 

Mr Scarrott would however 
like to see an Alvey or Esprit 
project .financed to study foe 
science of information, point- 
ing out that both AlVey and 
Esprit are supposed to handle 
only precompetitive projects. 

Such a study wotJd be for 
more precompetitive, and 
could do more long-term good 
for the European computer 
industry than most of the 
near-competitive engineering 
projects actually accepted 

mg or restricting access to 
certain types of data and 
knowtedge from its predeter- 
mined structure where the 
named information is in foe 
systems files. 

Central updating of say, a 
customer address change on 
the database will (provided ft 
is specified in foe application 
program) ensure foal , an in- 
voice bong prepared will m- 
dude the newaddress. 

• They could be logicians, 
psychologists, sociologists, 
business consultants, neurolo- 
gists or fingoists. 

He does not expect univer- 

HoweveT, . he foresees a 
rough ride for such a project, 
as foe committees who would 
sit in Judgement on it, would 
be the same computer sci- 
entists, who tend to direct 
resources along foe weB-estab- 
fished paths. * . 

Database management sys- 
tems (DBMS), the rsoftware 
that helps - programmers 
designing, setting up and 
manag in g databases to pro- 
vide foe facilities allowing 
them to specify whit* data a 
program needs, are becoming 
more sophisticated. Rela- 
tional databases;— whic h em- 
body correct data structures 

ptementatioa _ and manage- 
ment. • . Dat abase 
administrators with a systems 
programming and analysis 
background and good , bust- 
ness understanding can earn 
from£l 0,000 a yea-.This rises 
with reroousibOfty io asrhigh 
as£30,000a y ^^data base 

strategically ini|iortmiL S,5t ^ 1V 

In' nba-st ratt gfca n y im- 
portant database management 
positions a salary of 00,000 
to £25,000 is closer to foe 

At the top level a depth of 
experience in databases is 





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M M i i i 



Peter Tnamor 

t*Si ;*t5“ 

! ;* ^ ^ :. . .. ■■• 
• •.*: • .■*.■•; ^ ' .. . 

How Mr Freeman 
sees his way ahead 

. - BjyCeof Wheelwright 

U has oftaubeeh-alteged that 
automation sad nneniploy- 
meat are inseparably finked 
and that the latter win in- 
erotably Mow the fo nwpr 
6nt in the human fewi g n a y . 
translation field, at least, it 
looks as if automation could 
create - more jobs tw. n 

J. Specialists 1 in artificial 
mttdligence used to think that 
tsfe business of translating 
wc rdsfoo m English to French, 
to German and back again was 
a t&k particularly well-oiled 
to wpnputm, as they all 
involved invoking a simple set 
of language rales (eg, the-&, 
fnerci^hanks), which needed 
merely be programmed into 

the cokrpuler and then nm. 

Any 'anomalies would then 
■be dean -with by-a reduced 
team of .translaiors whose job 
would simply be to dean up 
the work dime by the 

It has noi however, worked 
out that ‘ way. One of the 
leaders in computer transla- 
tion 14 systems — Automated 
Lang uag e Processing Systems 
■(ALPS) — tiris^week launched 
1 new inter-active translation 
system to ran oq the IBM-PC 
Ehe company says that the 
rimpuler will act as a .trauslat- 
hg tool to increase the 
poductivity of , qualified 
tansiators, rather'- than re- 
pace them. 4. 

„ , The ALPS Translation Sup- 
prt System (TSS) operates by . 
forking with the translator to 
landate chunks oif texi at at a 
tine; the translator , then 
decks that text'(for context, 
neaning, implication) ijsing 
tie built-in worctproce^sing - 
f&fity of die astern -before 
g&mg. ■: . 

Both - the .“target** and 
“destination*’ texts, are shown 
on-scrceriaiflfesamehime in 
.a ride^iy-ride fashion, so that 
you can, for example, see the 
original block of French text 
while you are editing fbe 
translated .Mock of English. 

The company aisn gngyere 
that fixture job prospers for 
people with backgrounds in 
both computers and forei gn 
fan gnagpe look good. 

The ALPS Enr ope an press 
officer, ; Veromque 
. Anxotahchpre, a«ftn«t^ how- 
ever, that the traditional lan- 
guage-translation carom unity 
is wary of machroie-trimtiatinn 
systems — until they try them. 

She says: “Many translators 
are reluctant because ■ they* 
think theyTi be replaced, but 
this system doesn’t get rid of 
them at alL Nobody got riff of 
acco nntan ts because of the 
development of ma Lotus 1-2- 
3 spreadsheet" . : .. 

- Feriiaps surprisingly -for a 
language-translation com- 
pany, ALPS started life in the 
US (where -only last Week, 
California voted to make Eng- 
lish die o fficial fang na ge) 

-ALPS grew ontof the work 
of an American businessman. 
Ride Warner, with computa-i 
tional Imgin^ji at Britain 
Young Uni versity in Utah in 
19 8Q — mid • in six years 
mushroomed to become a 
multinational -company with 
European headquarters in 

The European end of the 
operation v-has very quickly 
become crucial to the 
company’s business with or- 
<fersfipmdieEnro ] ff H nopera- 
tions of many mnftinalinnate 
mdndiqg Texas Instruments; 
Sperry, Alsthom, Norsk Data 
and IBM Europe. 

There 1$ every indication 
that the market for — and jobs 
within — language translation 
are bound to increase 

f .mpi ;* -v:^-«vv--v; * a/* u:-. .. “ ; 



November t4(01-B2t 5555) 
■ Keros -m Mate, 
Haymaricet, London - Sun, 

November 18-20 

By Nick Hampshire 
There is one thing that the 
brain is very good at recogniz- 
ing patterns. We do it all the 
time when looking at some- . 
thing recognized as a familiar 
visual pattern. When we listen 
to a sound, we recognize die 
pattern of a spoken, word or 

We are aD the time 
c lassify in g patterns and even 
the classified . patterns are 
grouped together and reclassi- 
fied as an identifiable group of , 
patterns. . ’ 

The brain is good at tins 
because it has an enormously _ 
parallel structure which aDows 
rast amounts of information 
o be input and comp ared to 
Hcviousty perceived patterns 
tonal in the brain. 

\ Conventional - serial 
bmputers, even machines 
\th the power of a Oay-l, are 
fc slow to be able to pe rform 
sbb functions in anything 
li “reaT tim& The problem, 
3 be seen when analyzing * 
vital data obtained from a 
viSp camera. , .. ■ - 

B tbe video image is of 
^eaynable-quality- mono- _ 
ebrehe it will require a data 
inpuiate of more than 50 
mSmi bits a second, and u 
ihemge is in colour, the data 
rate *ild be weB over 150 
millioibiK a second. • ■. ; . 

Usida conventional, erw- 
pmCTUHasdfy a video image 
would w mg that each 1st be 
input, wi processed.^ The 
readfina processed image. 
would tn» have to be com- 
pared ttL set of nn^e 
templatesSsks which take an 1 
enormous bount of ma chine • 

network of what are essen- 
tially -serial computers de^ 
agnedto communicate, easfiy 
with each other as wdl as 
input and output data to the 
external world. 

Examples of this, sort of 
parallel computer are the new 
supercomputers based on the 
fnmos Transputer. Aiter- 
nativety they can be based on: 
anentuely different prmcipfo 
which owes - much to our 
undecstandmg of tire way 
nave cells, work. These are. 
known , as. neural - .net: 
machines! .. . - . . ' . i. 

' Though- many researchers 
have wprked on neural net- 
machinedesign overthe years, 
mostcomputer saentistsltave- 
<fismissed them in favour of 
tire much better understood 
S ffpal mgdrines 

One of the probfems has 
been that neural net machines 
are not progr am med in the 
^f> «pwfinnafmgni»i»r Irnf ana 

^The maduine has 
been developed - 
atBrundand - 
lias attracted 
supportfiom : 
diverse groups : 

would tifc ha> 
pared to® s 
enormous hoc 
time. \ 
Few exiinj 
could even Ip 
with the da. 
picture resoht 
is to abancton 
puter archi» 

g computers 

s to keep pace : 
input of TV-. 


»** :‘'_V 

The answaWy tire experts, 
is to abaiMtoOie s erial com- 
puter arclntfiQre fiRl ' po - 
posed by John W Neumann 

iuI944 and on rich virtually 
every exisring Waiter :,is. ■ 
bpwi- The andabve to a 
serial con)pnter-Vhich per- 
forms one coniflfld after _ 

another is a parM madune 

which perfora* 5 *“¥ tasks at 
the same time- ; \ . -w 
farallelconmutefeffl fake 
many forms. TheyV be a 

self-learning machines which 
are programmed by eqiosure 
to data. 

This means that matitemat 
icaBy they are neither eaaly : 
understood'' nor in the real . 
world - situation - predictable.. 
But they make exedtem pat- 
tern clasofiers. v ; 

Neural networks as pattern 
classifiers were examined 
again by Professor Igor 
Alckaander at Brunei -Uniyer- 
sity .m the fette :1970s. Out of‘ 
this early work has emerged a. 
pattern classifier which exhib- 
its both rcmadaifle accuracy* 
speed, and versatility. 

The .machine, _ called 
Wisard, has been developed at 
Ebunel by a team -headed by 
Dr John Stonbam- and has' 
attxacted support and interest 
from organizations as diverse 
as Bardaya Bank, the Home 
pfiSce-andSelftiiie- . 

Wisard ’• is a ' remarkably 
simple machine which cogrid 

it will still make a .positive 
identification irrespective of 
whether the person , has a 
smilmp or ’ pJofimv- .Weft L . is 
wrearingspectades kb* the first 
time or; wearing a false heard. 

This ability of tire Visard 
- m achine to recognize tven 
' though jt- is incomplete or 
slightly different from foe 
training pa can .has moat 
that it has attracted interest s! 
many areas. Barcays Hawk -b 
interested in gang it for; 
automatic-sigDatuie- .-verifies-' 
tion and ;De La Roe h» 

■ contracted a vot. fcjpfrfipeed 
. banknote identi&abozi sys- ■ 
tem based on ‘WtsanL 

Beades these obviou^y 
commercial applications, Dr 
John Stonham’s team is also 
looking at appheatfons such as 
vision systems lor .tire- blind, 
speech-recognition . systems 
for the deafand. m conjmre- 
a spedai- foetal-growth moni- 
toring systan. 

The Wisard manhinp is 
being produced by Computer 
Recognition Systems of 
Wokingham in collaboration 
.with Brunei University. Dr 
Stonhambdieves the machine 
has a great future as a powerful 
igeneral-puipase patteni -recog- 
nition peripheral for the fifth- 
gencranon computers rn§nH^ 
artffidal ^ateUigfiiicesoftWare^ 
Wisard type machine could 
become its eyes and its ears. 


he prodiapd al low cost, its 
: mam- components being ordi- 
nary RAM memory chips. 

Unlike ordinary computers* 
t here i s no pattera recognition 
program <stmred within it be- 
cause it recognizes patterns 
solely on the baas of having 
seen that pattern before. The 
more times the machine is 
exposed to slattern, the more 
positive it n in rec o g nizing 
that pattern. 

. r The maqime receives its 
input from a video camera 
arm has proyedremaikable in 
' tire speed and accuracy with 
which it can recognize face; 
.'indeedit Is the fast device in 
the worid to do this at the rate 
: of 50 frill images a second, the 
Ktsmdsm i TV iwaygfp m riffli 


Another nanarkatife feature 
of die system is tins once it 

ichard Freeman at weak with his specially adapted micro 

fereneo, Sedgewick Centra, London El. 
vld, today tb November 18-19 (01-608 1161) 

T ’ ■ People and Technology. Queen Elizabeth ii 

Dean- Centre, - .Conference Centre, Westminster, London, 
Nqember 12- November 2M7 ( 01 -7271 929) 

T . ■ CIMAP - Factory automation, National 

srbnn, London, Exhfoition Centre, Birmingh a m, December 1-5 

n (01-891 342ffi 

onpMechanical ■ Back Office System, Ctty Conference 

ndorEWIH 9JJ, Centra, 76 htark Lane, London EC3, December 

ons- 5(01-236.4080 

interac ti ve Video, Metropoie Hotel, Brighton, 
Con- December 9-11 (01-8471847) 

Richard Freeman Tn a nagps 
two telephone sales com- 
panies with a total of 40 staft 
turning over just under £1 
mini on a year. He likes to 
oversee the day-to-day run- 
ning of both businesses 
personally, feu he has a prob- 
lem.* he is blind. 

This hand; rap has recently 
been helped by a specially 
adapted micro with voice 
synthesis which enables him 
to “sec” the details on cheques 
being sent out, make indepen- 
dent inquiries about any as- 
pect of either business and 
peat with confidential docu- 
ments himself 

Until his manri^e ended 
two years ago, Mr Freeman 
relied on his wife’s assistance 
for sighted tasks. The com- 
pany accountant is also leav- 
ing at Christmas, which 
strengthened his determina- 
tion to be independent and to 
use technology to ensure that 
the company does not suffer 
because of his disability. 

As he says, “How can I tefl 
whom a cheque is made out to 
or bow much it is for without 
relying on someone dse to teD 

That someone dse is now 
an IBM PC with an Andiodata 
acoustic screen. The keyboard 
has two sliding keys, located 
to the left and below the 
normal keys, which are used 
to locate reformation on the 
screen and trigger speech out- 

The voice synthesizer can 
read out anything appearing 
on the screen, whether it is a 
whole line, angle word, single 
letter or single character. 

He said: “I wanted to be 
able to check on letters or 

infomnatinn via computer 
links. 1 wanted to know what 
was going on at any time, 
without having to wait some- 
times until the following day 
for someone to find out for 

One of the companies under 
Mr Freeman’s charge is his 
own, Wencelle Publications, 
the other is the advertising 
space booking department of 

By Maggie McLening 

the Royal Association for 
Disability and Rehabilitation 

Direct access means flat Mr 
Freeman no longer has to 
spend most evenings ami 

wrirwwk maintaining patslW 
sets of Braille records, cover- 
ing customers, subscriptions 
and sales of each publication, 
in wrier to keep abreast of 
company business. 

In addition to dispensing 
with a filing cabinet full of 
Braille records “larger than 
myadC* says Mr Freeman, the 
latest acquisition will make a 
big difference to his daily 

He explains: “The system 
will allow me to take full 
responsibility for the com- 
pany in the way X would if I 
had sight 

“For example, until now I 
have had the post read out to 

me on a tape and 1 have had to 

write down the figures on 
Braille strips, checking them 
each week to calculate 
salesmen’s commission. 

“These figures can now be 
posted straight on to the 
machine for automatic 
calculation, and be constantly 
available to me. 

“Similarly, I can speak with 
authority to the bank manager 
about our sales expectations 
because the computer gives 
me greater awareness. 1 can 
now take a much greater 
interest in the money and 
management ride of the 

This new-found interest ex- 
tends from spreadsheets to 
networking services such as 
home banking, which be is 
discussing with the Bank of 

Fl pr t Tr w *i f * trail isakn muter 

winwlwtinn, and tixe addi- 
tion of a smaller machine for 
lairing notes which can be later 
fed into tiie main system. 

Once this is all in place, Mr 
Freeman says, “sight will not 
be a tremendous advantage in 
running the company — I will 
have the ability to do things in 
the same way as everybody 

makes its 

From Richard Pawson 
in Tokyo 

Ask the man a the sheet 
which household chores he 
would most rather be (tone by a 
robot, nisi yon can bet that 
mowing the lawn will come 
high on the list. 

The dream of the robed 
tawiuu o wa r came one step 
closer to reality with the 
announcement of a driverless 
grass-cutter by the Japanese 
tractor Kubota. 

Strictly speaking, the PS- 
2100 is not a robot, but what 

Hm» h^ffrnc ra l) an RCV — 


remote controlled vehicle. Bid 
just like die RCVs employed 
in space exploration or deep- 
sea salvage, Kubota’s mower 
contains an awfal lot of robotic 

If this sounds fike the ideal 
instrument for getting one up 
on the Joneses next door, be 
warned. It costs £15,000. 
Nonetheless, Kubota’s robot 
mower is a real product It has 
a genaine market in local 
authorities with steep or awk- 
ward grassland to be main- 

Steep banks pose too high a 
risk for conventional ride-on 
mowers and are generally 
tackled by swiagmg hover- 

mowers on the end of a long 
rope. With the PX-2100, how- 
ever, die driver can dismount 
and operate the m ower from a 
safe distance via a radio- 
control link. 

Underneath the motorcyde- 
style driving saddle, for use on 
grader terrain, sits a dedi- 
cated microcomputer to pro- 
vide tire electronic control and 
the vital safety systems. 

Meanwhile Kubota’s ad- 
vanced e n gm eerin g facility Is 
concentrating on ether 
applications, luce automated 
cultivators far rice paddies. 


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Dtrter wo ra processors 
lost for words. 

V\fordPerfed: 41 includes 
many features not found in 
other word processors. 

Newspaper style columns 
can be displayed on screen, 
100,000 word phonetic 
dictionary, word-count, 
background printing and 
automatic reformatting 
increase efficiency. 

Line drawing and rulers, 
sorting search and 
5 -function maths are 
invaluable assets. 

The colour-coded template 
makes using WordPerfect 
simpler than you would 
believe Most features are 


available with a single 
keystroke This makes learning 
easier than ever before and 
using it a real pleasure. 

What you see on the screen 
is what will actually print 
This makes good, professional 
layouts simple. 

Documents are treated as a 
whole and not a series of 
pages. Reformatting and 
repagination after editing are 
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However fast you type, you 
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To find out more, write to the 
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Sentinel Wellington House. 

New Zealand Avenue. 

Walton- on-Thames, Surrey. KT12 IFY. 
Telephone : < 0932) 251164. 


ex. tx.- 
jad rose 
Dwth in 
/as an 
of the 
from 7 
:di and 
igles is 
d rail- 

10 m il- 
ex pen- 
which ' 
it not 
ils are 

SSI Database 

T o survive as a major 
trading nation, 
Britain must not 
only think up new 
ideas, but also con- 
vert these quickly mto 
marketable products and push 
them aggressively in the 
world's markets. 

Our past performance has 
been indifferent and if we are 

to get it right in the finure then 

new developments must be 
transferred much more 
quickly to industry which, m 
turn, must gel better at seUmg. 

The Government’s position 
is clear. “This country is no 
longer in a position to regard 
university and polytechnic re- 
search as somehow separate 
from our survival to inter- 
national markets, said Geot^ 
frey Pattie, Minister of State 
for Industry and Information 
Technology, at the Ahvey con- 
ference in July. 

The Government has 
• i .1 ..... . 1.1 itiH dirk 


Finding the 
ideas that 

sell fast 

- f 




pi ,, 

11 a 

T he Techmart KSSSSSirfSS 
exh ibition opens ^ 

today, putting _ ^ ^ £ 

the emphaas__ 

on how teams 
can work 
with science 
and industry 

hibition, which begins today, 
at the National Exhibition 
Centre in Birmingham 
New databases, sponsored 
by the Department of Trade 
and Industry* are BEST, 
which carries detailed 

trey roiut, wnu.ii - — r . 

for Industry and Information information on expertise ana 
Technology, at the Afvey con- ^p^ces available in Britain s 
ference in July. universities, polytechnics, coi- 

The Government has leges a nd government te- 
adopted the carrot and. stick searc i, centres, and OTIS, that 

method. Steadily reducing does essentially the same job 


central support has forced 
universities to form develop- 
ment companies to market 
what each has to offer. . 

Naturally, the technological 
universities have gone farthest 
down the road. Salford now 
gets 39 per cent of us non- 
university grants committee 
funding from industry and has 
built that figure from 16 per 
cent since the swingeing cuts 
of 1981. 

Heriot-Watt University, 

near Edinburgh, comes close 
behind, but its collaboration 
has developed over many 
years, boosted by North Sea 


search involves direct contact 
between university and in- 
dustry. For example, one 
Alvey-sponsored project, 

frmded try £7-5 million, in- 
volves the development of a 
computer workstation .that 
will operate by recognizing 

SP ffi“TSSontuonbe, 

KT r£ al RS 

Group, imperial CoUege ^d 
the University of Edinburgh- 
The basic hardware is now 
working and a lexicon or 5,UW 
words is already in place. 

On a smaller scaie,Bnstcd 
Polytechnic « collaborating 
with Du Pont Connector Sys- 
tems on a £1 70,000 project to 
develop an integrated system 
of sensors and control equip- 
ment for quality checks on the 
company's production lines. | 
In some cases the co-opera- 
tion can become dose. 
Cadbury Schweppes and late 
& Lyle are two major com- 
panies that have their own 
research and development 
laboratories at Reading 
University - a trend that is 
likely to spread. 

More and more companies 

. 1 -: nfnnivmitieS 

1 Ti 

TEC WygT /WftKDff 

[581 ISS&feSt 



LJ*. '-‘"s 


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years, boosted by North Sea sector sources, 
engineering contracts. The group handles patent 

This stick has been balanced application and protection at 
by the carrot of Department of no cost to the university or 
Trade and Industry funding allege and can help with 
and the removal of legal further development to pro- 
constraints. Universities may duce a marketable product. 

— : “ — the University of EdinDingn- 1 — 

ibition, which begins today, basic hardware is now 

L the National Exhibition W( ^ g and a lexicon of 5,000 TV/IT jlllfYflC 

entre in Birmingham words is already in place. If | 11 latim 

New databases, sponsored ^ a srna i]er scale, Bristol 
y the Department of Trade PolytechQ j c is collaborator 

id Industry., are BEST, wiS Du Pont CoMectorSys- fGaUv 

ihich carries detailed nn a £170,000 project to M. J 

n formation on expertise and develop an integrated system p 
ervices available in Britain s 0 f sensors and control equip- T /\1* 1*1 
miveraties. polytechnics, col- menl for quality checks on the XVll UVH 
eges and government re- company's production lines. 

search centres, and OTIS, that in some cases the co-opera- • /AaOC 

does essentially the same job ^ ^ become dose. IllvilS 

for innovation reported from Cadbury Schweppes and Tate 

foreign countries. & Lyle are two major com- , ,. ^ 

— — ~ panies lhnt have then own The acqnisitMiu and transfer 0 * 

..tMm s* ,* t^mrch and devdopment fo-ovation within British m- 

teSSErt laboratories at Readjnj vnmotted by a 

Exhibition Centre, University - a trend that is number of official 

Birmingham, and is Uk More Sd more companies "ftoyeiirdte Pepartmertof 


— : problems. Collaboration be- ^ schemes from major n»- 

Much development 01 ^ Department of ^noal programmes, such as 

university and coUegeweas p roduc u 0 ,| Engineering at “Alvey" or “Support lor 
are now handled by the Bntish M 0t Hnflham University, Ste- Tnnnratmn". to dozens of 
Technology Group (BTG) veosand williams (the manu- pipjeds intended to raise 
which promotes the transferot ferturers of Royal Brieriey awareness within industry of 
technology from UK public- cr y 5 t a [) and Glassworks ^ commercial value of new 
sector sources. Equipment has produced a developments. 

The group handles patent ^tomatom cut fine patterns jn 1982, a committee 
application and protection at . glassware. chaired by John AJvey recom- 

no cost to the university or L^^hire Polytechmc has mended a major British mitm- 
colleee and can help with with British ^ information technology 

projects and 116 smalkr r; 
university studies overseen by 
pn industrial "wde 

In all cases toe hallmarit ; 
has been coll abora tion bo- 

industry and univ ersiti es 
would not work well together, 
a recent survey fbond » 
operation good or ramdtoatf 
71 per cent of the project -t f 

The average of four partner- 
to each project are typicaj; 

two or three firms to w e or rif . 

universities. Sum 53 omv*; 
shies, 11 pdytedBiicsand W 
companies are now involve. 

In general, the scheme 
pears to be working well 
exceptionally so in areas sen; 
as expert systems where odJ 
the US can match reent 
, British research. 

A Ivey involves “FJ- , 
competitive 1 ' coUahoraim 

Award has ^neto. 


•R adar 's solid 'State 
transmitter grdup. _ . ■ 

The company. wWtfinw' 
employs emi poopte, starts 
fining consutency ar rd 
. m rmcrowav 

’h ■ I - C 

i 1 i l i 

> * * 


» ' 

,1* ■ ! I 

: Lii*- ^ 

and early ennes 
“academic” research ne 
hard to exploit. The firm 
most groups already mve 
detailed plans to devdw sk- 
commercial potential oftoeir 
work and, in a few ases, 
products based on earf re- 
search will be. maitort» next 

: The scheme lips' kda pe 

. . * rl twintnff 

£10,000 winners: 0r YeBai 
engineering team, at 

centre, with Ms micro wave. 

. n/uiM 1 

c ^f^stmr>winbeused. 
for a techroquo krewn as 

witobv narrowly contronea - 

used to comptemantpiper 
• techniques such as ; 
-radtetion therapy and • 
chemotherapy. : • 

X>dier finalists, page ?• 

DYUitwuiuiw. — r : — uv ~ ■ — — . . - iikuiuu *» — — : : — auwk ann n a icn 

Trade and Industry ftinding college and can help with working with British ^ jg information techn& igy based on earf re- 

and the removal of legal ^ developments pro- on the testing of the face of research ?™^^ nl S k ^ n ext 

constraints. Universities may duce a maricet^le product- bonds between pieces of car- programmes -planned in .... 

now market their own ideas The group identifies com- b0Q fibre composite material. EarQ9 ^ America and Jy^- •. y ^E B : sc frB«'WW J ® 
wfrile polytechnics are free of panies which might be in- ^ ^ equijHnent showsthe jhe Gevernment .-qMeUynfr : "^^Toutstsidii® 

restrictions originally plawd teres ted m mareeting,,^ or instantiy on a mom tor cepte d that the bene fits uf TT, . PrWql ; 

to prevent local auihonues development ond» hcenre, ^ ^ fester and cheaper than can be laboratories, 

from setting up development and contribute sgnijtotifiyto conventional testing- The idea bosmesssud win be amtral to orTmde 

companies. ■ invisible exports -70 percent find a ready. market m 8^^ abifity to mamtain a Tte ^J!3S?^Sn»*rtTfor 

Getting news of new aca- of fee income comes from ^ ^ and aircraft mdustnes. somrf industrial base. and ^ 

demic research and potentol ove reeas. . As visitors to Techmart wdl result «g the .AB’gy ! ' tn 2?EJ^est ( iss- 

applications to the business A new organization, pe- collaboration has at last ^pgromme, fimded with £150 provide w ^ - 

world, and bringing the two fence Technology Enttrpasa Sen off in Britain and com- SuhTlKni industry and 

together, is a major problem. (DTE), does much thesame ^ now fece the £200 mfflian in public funds, prodnc&toat 

One of the best ways is to j ob for defence research cen- of world markets three years, practicaHy commensal ^ 

attend the annual Techmart ires. Since defence SShrenewed confidence. aH the cash has been cotafr- scbenreis 

conference, Britain’s only m ore than half of Britain s Keitil