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for the polls 

By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 

The Government launched 
in lhe Queen's Speech yes- 
terday a 1 9- Bill parliamentary 
programme for what MPs are 
convinced will be the run-up 
to a general election within a 

Its emphasis is on law and 
order, local government and 
education, with a rates reform 
package for Scotland which 
will be extended to the rest of 
Britain if the Conservatives 
win the election. 

In the Commons Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher raised election 
expectations by spending as 
much time on a withering 
assault on Labour’s policies 
on defence as she did outlining 
the legislative programme. 

Labour’s leader, Mr Neil 
KinnocL, speaking earlier, 
pledged opposition to the 
attempt to replace Scottish 
rales with a community 
charge on everyone over 18 
and to the plan to repeal 
arrangements for teachers* 
pay. The major item in the 
lighier-than-average leg- 
islative programme is the 
Criminal Justice Bill, which 
includes powers for confisca- 
tion of big-time criminals' 
assets, tougher penalties for 
financial fraud and for carry- 
ing firearms, streamlined 

The main Bills 

® Cri mina l Justice: Provides for nf 

of big-time criminals, allows children to give evidence 
by video link, 

® Education: Scraps Burnham machinery for fixing 
teachers pay. 

A Abolition of Domestic Rates (Scotland). 

• Local Government: Forces cotracOs to post out to 
tender such services as catering, refuse collection and 
vehicle maintenance. 

• Landlord and Tenant: Strengthens rights of tenants 
in privately owned Modes of flats. 

• Consigner Protection: Gives the right to compensa- 
tion for injuries caused by defective products. 

Debate and details, pages 4 and 5 


Fores for the 
future: the software 
and hardware 
behind hi-tech 

extradition procedures. In- 
creased compensation pro- 
visions for victims and 
provision for children to give 
evidence by live video link in 
sex and assault cases. 

The Government has long 
been pledged to the abolition 
of domestic rates and the 
process will begin with a Bill 
to replace rates in Scotland 
with a community charge. 
Resentment of high rates after 
a revaluation in Scotland has 
seen the Conservatives 
la nguish ing in the opinion 
polls and m danger of losing 
more than half their 21 seals. 

Non-domestic rates will be 
index linked from 1989-90 but 
the Bill will not introduce the 
unified business rate which 
the Government is planning 
in Britain if rates reform, is 
extended to the rest of the 
country after the election. 

Further focal government 

measures will include a Bill to 
force councils to put out to 
competitive tender services 
such as catering, vehicle 
maintenance and refuse 
collection and to prevent 
councils imposing what the 
Government sees as unfair 
non-commercial conditions 
on companies tendering for 
focal authority contracts. 

The Department of the 
Environment, with the heavi- 
est legislative workload, win 
also have a Bill to increase the 
rights of flat-dwellers in pri- 
vately-owned blocks whose 
owners fail to provide ade- 
quate maintenance or over- 
charge for services and a Bill 
to implement the Popplewell 
inquiry’s recommendations 
for tightening up safety at 
sports grounds. 

An Education Bill will re- 
peal the Remuneration of 

Continued on page 22, col 1 

The Princess of Wales chatting with traditionally dressed Omani 

visit to the Saltan Qaboos University yesterday. Report, 

115,000 acres for 
dty development 

By Pfcflip Webster. Chief Political Correspondent 

9 There was no 
winner in The Times 
Portfolio Gold daily 
competition yesterday 
so today’s prize is 
doubled to £8,000. 

O Portfolio fist, page 
31; howto play, 
information service, 
page 22. 

Ruskin sued 

Mr David Selbourne issued a 
writ against Ruskin College 
claiming £251.000 for loss of 
potential earnings Page 2 

BSC profit 

The British Steel Corporation 
doubied profits to £68 million 
in the six months to the end of 
September but is unlikely to 
be privatized before 1989 

page 23 

Sterling falls 

The pound dropped against 
the dollar and mark, due to 
dollar weakness and political 
and economic uncertainties, 
prompting fears of an increase 
in base rates Page 23 

Irish draw 

Northern Ireland could only 
menage a 0-0 draw away to 
Turkey in their European 
Championship qualifying tie 
Page 46 

Off the road 

Goodyear, the tyre manufac- 
turers! are :e pull out of 
Formula One motor raring in 
an attempt to resist a takeover 
bid bv Sir James Gold- 


Page 46 

Hotsc New* 2-. 
Overseas 8-12 
\rfcj U 

•narriagn 21 
Bwte 16J7 
Bosioess 23-31 
C!«areh 2t 
Cwrt 20 



Features l 5 - 18 

Law Report 
Sport 4I44A 
Theatres, etc 12 
TV & Radio 45 

L'DffHShfcs 2* 

Wearier 22 

nais 20 

* -fr * * ■* 

New peters to foree local 
authorities and nationalized 
industries To dispose cf un- 
used land in an effort to 
promote building develop- 
ment in inner- and outer-city 
areas are to be announced by 
the Government tonight The 
move could eventually free up 
to 1(5,000 acres. 

The Government is to in- 
clude powers in the new local 
government Bill to plug loop- 
boles which give JocaJ councils 
the means to delay orders of 
ministers to sell off land. 

The 1980 Local Govern- 
ment (Planning and Land) Act 
gave the Secretary of State for 
the Environment powers to 
direct authorities to selL Until 
September last year the pow- 
ers had been used only four 

Since then Mr John Patten, 
the Minister for Housing, 
Urban Affairs and Construc- 
tion, has used the powers 140 
times as part of the campaign 
to regenerate the inner cities. 

But unco-operative councils 
are able to delay orders by up 
to a year by legitimate use of 
the law as it stands. 

Under plans for streamlin- 
ing and speeding up the 
procedures, to be announced 
by Mr Patten to the Royal 

5 hostages 

By Howard Foster 

The first sign of a break- 
through in the Peterhead jail 
siege came yesterday when 
five sick prisoners were re~ 
_ . . . leased from the cell Nock that 

awn PfanmpBJr.smuts -a; rfo* so hive 

b-n occupying for four days. 

Oztciti. fart timescale wifi be 
cut to about two months at 

At present the Secretary of 
State orders authorities to seB 
off parts of their land which 
the land register shows as 
unused. The register indicates 
every ale in the country of an 
acre or more which is lying 

Councils are given 42 days 
to respond. The Secretary of 
State then issues a direction 
for authorities to dispose of 
the land by public auction, but 
by stating that they have 
amended their plans, however 
slightly, the councils can force 
the whole procedure to be 
started again from scratch and 
can continue to make minor 
amendments thus delaying the 
procedure endlessly. 

Mr Patten is to take powers 
to force the authorities to 
dispose of the land quickly 
without right of appeal and to 
demandof councils more 
information about the land 
they have on the register. 

Since the land register was 
set up about 24,000 acres have 
been sold, but ministers be- 
lieve there is huge scope for 
further development 

Delicate negotiations be- 
tween prison authorities and 
the prisoners to secure the 
release of the officer, Mr John 
Crossan, who has been held 
hostage since Sunday bore 
fruit when the five men, all 
needing medication, climbed 
from a first floor window to 
join prison staff 

In return, the remaining 
inmates, including a small 
bard core who started the riot 
and siege were passed sand- 
wiches and cigarettes. 

' Mr Crossan, aged 25, who 
was seized by the three ring 
leaders of the protest on 
Sunday, was seen to be crying 
and covered his face with his 
hands as he was escorted by 34 
of the 50 prisoners on to the 
roof of their cell Nock yes* 
today morning. 

Whilst the Scottish Office 
and the prison staff remained 
silent about the true nature 
and scale of the negotiations 
to end the seige it is under- 
stood that trained psycholo- 
gists are inside Peterhead’s jail 
advising staff how to initiate 
and develop a relationship 
with the volitile prisoners 
When the system falls, page 

£1.6m research on 
helicopter safety 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 
A £1.6 million research had an earfy indication that 

fond is to be set up to develop 
new monitoring techniques 
for helicopter gearboxes. 

The Department of Trans- 
port is to provide £5 00.000 
inneduaeiy to launch the 
fun*- with the rest coming 
from the industry and the 
Civil Aviation Authority. 

The main aim of the re- 
search will be to develop 
HUMS - Health Usage and 
Monitoring Systems — which 
will be installed deep within 

Mrs Sharon Jennings, the 
widow of a victim of the 
Sfcetiands helicopter disaster, 
yesterday filed for $5 mfifion 
(£35 millioa) compensation 
and $15 millioa punitive dam- 
ages against the helicop te r 
manufacturers, Boeing, m the 
Philadelphia District Court 

the gearboxes and engines of 
all future helicopters. 

The creation of a research 
programme was first recom- 
mended by the Airworthiness 
Requirements Board in 1984 
and has become urgent foflow- 
iog last week’s crash of a 
Chinook off the Sbetlands in 
which 45 oilmen died. 

Accident investigators have 
now pin-pointed the exact 
cause of the crash as a fatigue 
fracture in the forward gear 
box of the Chinook and 
experts believe that had the 
gearbox been fitted with 
HUMS the pilot would have 

something was wrong. 

The crashed helicopter car- 
ried an experimental version 
of the system but it was only 
linked to the engine and 
monitored changes in tem- 
perature and vibration levels. 

The trouble was eventually 
traced to a fatigue crack in a 
cog in the forward geaibox. 
The new HUMS system will 
be installed near that part and 
will automatically warn the 
pilot if there is a problem. 

The helicopter manufac- 
turers. Boeing, have now been 
asked to supply modified parts 
for the gearbox for the other 
three identical helicopters in 
British international's fleeL If 
they can be shipped to Scot- 
land quickly the modification 
will be carried out and the 
CAA asked to certify the 
aircraft as fit to fly 

The potential disaster was 
foreseen by the Airworthiness 
Requirements Board when it 
studied helicopter safely be- 
tween 1982 and 1984. They 
said in the report: “Gear teeth 
and other parts of the trans- 
mission may crack from stress 
concentrations or local ma- 
terial defects . . .” 

Work has been going on in a 
number of helicopter manu- 
facturers, including Westland, 
in designing an efficient mon- 
itoring system. Now the new 
research fond wifi enable 
much of this work to be pulled 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

Deep divisions between the 
six teaching unions were last 
□ight threatening to wreck 
hopes for a negotiated settle- 
ment on pay and conditions at 
reconvened talks with local 
authorities in London. 

After several hours of ex- 
changes, it became clear that 
two of the unions, the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers and 
the Assistant Masters and 
Mistresses Association, who 
between them represent more 
than half the teachers in 
England and Wales, had voted 
in favour of the employers 
new pay proposals. 

These contain an average 
pay increase of nearly 4 per 
cent on the deal signed at 
Coventry in July and also 
boost the number of principal 
teacher posts for special 
responsibilties from 1 5 to 20 
per cent 

Three other unions, how- 
ever. including the heads, 
were rejecting the offer flatly, 
with the sixth union, the 
Professional Association of 
Teachers, reserving judgment 

The disagreements appear 
to be playing straight into the 
hands of Mr Kenneth Baker, 
the Secretary of State for 

He has threatened to im- 
pose his own solution should 
the teachers and local authori- 
ties fail to agree on a package 
acceptable to him. 

Although a combination of 
the NUT and the AMMA 
gives the employers a voting 
majority for their deal in the 
teachers panel, a settlement 
opposed by, among others, 
both heads unions, would 
clearly lack any credibility. 

The General Secretary of 
the National Association of 
Head Teachers, Mr David 
Hart, said: “I'm not pretend- 
ing there has been no progress 
and clearly some primary 
heads would, under the 
employers offer, get more 
money than under the Baker 

But he said that many head 
feachers in secondary schools 
would be worse off. Sir John 
Wood, Chairman of the AC AS 
team, was last night holding 
one to one sessions with the 
dissenting union leaders in an 
effort to win them round. 

to cope' 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Health experts gave warn- 
ing yesterday that the 
Government’s new publicity 
campaign on Aids could result 
in blood testing centres 
beingunable to cope with a 
huge increase in demand for 
tests and advice. 

Leaflets will be sent to 23 
million homes and there will 
be television commercials, 
posters and newspaper 
advertisements giving Aids 
advice later this month. But 
there has been no allocation of 
extra resources announced by 
the Government. 

However, doctors are al- 
ready reporting a 300 per cent 
increase in men and women 
attending clinics for sexually- 
transmitted diseases to be 
tested for signs of Aids infec- 
tion, after recent publicity. 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation has urged the Depart- 
ment of Health to provide 
extra cash to deal with the 
much bigger surge that is 
expected in the next few 

“It would be a tragedy it 
having properly alerted the 
public, the Department does 
not make sure that there are 
adequate resources quickly 
made available to handle the 
response”, a senior spokes- 
woman for the BMA said 
“We are anxious about this 
situation. Although people 
who fear that they may have 
the Aids virus can go to their 
GP for a blood test in fact 
most seem to prefer to attend 
a hospital or STD clinic.” 

Dr Tom McManus, a 
consultant in geni to- urinary 
medicine at King's College 
Hospital, who leads counsel- 
ling at the Alexander STD 
clinic at Si Giles Hospital in 
South London, said there had 
been a tripling of hetero- 
sexuals seeking the test in the 
past week. 

“We will not be able to cope 
with the new demand without 
extra medical and counselling 
staff”, he said. “Recent pub- 
licity has clearly prompted 
mar.y more people out with 
the nigh-risk groups to come 
forward and the Government 
campaign will mean a greater 
increase. Some clinics are in 
danger of being 

Queen Mother resting 

Tire Queen Mother spent a 
comfortable day in hospital 
resting her injured leg 

She is expected to stay in the 
King Edward VI! Hospital for 
Officers. London, for another 
day or two. 

She is recovering from an 
injury to her shin, sustained 
on holiday in Scotland three 
weeks ago, which has been 
slow to heal. 

It was emphasized at Clar- 
ence House, her official res- 


idence, that she was not 
suffering from a venous leg 
ulcer, a chronic and recurrent 
condition which mainly af- 
fects the elderly. 

Lady Fermoy, the Queen 
Mother’s lady-in-waiting, 
spent more than an hour with 
her yesterday afternoon, and 
left carring two baskets of 

The Queen Mother's hos- 
pital room is said to be full of 
bouquets from well-wishers. 

Israelis to 
stay silent 
on Vanimii 

From Ian Moray 

The Israeli Government 
does not intend to give Britain 
a detailed explanation of how 
Mr Mordechai Vanunu was 
brought to Israel after vanish- 
ing from London on Septem- 
ber 30, a source in the Prime 
Minister’s office has said. 

Mr Vanunu. the nuclear 
technician who told The Sun- 
day Times that Israel has a 
nudear arsenal, is in prison 
here. The Foreign Office has 
asked for clarification of how 
ihis happened. 

The office of Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, the Prime Minister, is 
preparing a reply which will 
say in essence that no UK. law 
was broken and no British 
national was involved in do- 
ing anything unlawful, but it 
remains to be sees whether 
Britain will be satisfied with 
such a vague and unsubstan- 
tiated answer. 

An admission of Mr Vsn- 
unu's capture was virtually 
forced out of the Government 
by stories of his arrest in the 
foreign press. 

Mr Shamir is said to be 
furious about what he consid- 
ers were senous breaches of 
censorship regjlaiiuns by for- 
eign correspondents and is 
considering rough new censor- 
ship controls .which would 
include legal punishment for 
m n-riorterv break mp them. 

Dealer bought via US 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Mr Geoffrey Collier, the 
director who resigned from 
Morgan Grenfell the mer- 
chant bank, earlier this week 
had broken the bank's house 
rules by buying shares in AE, 
the engineering company, 
through an outside broker. 

Scnmgeour Vickers, the 
stockbroker who sold the 
shares to Mr Collier, alerted 
Morgan Grenfell when Mr 
Robert Maxwell's Hollis 
Group made a bid for .AE after 
the shares were purchased. 
Morgan Grenfell is acting as 
adviser to Hollis 

Neither the Stock Exchange 
nor Morgan Grenfell have 
suggested that Mr Collier was 
asked to resign for anything 
other than a breach of Morgan 
GrenfdTs bouse rules. 

A Stock Exchange commit- 
tee was yesterday investigat- 
ing the information passed to 
it by Morgan Grenfell. 

Mr Collier used a company 
to buy shares through Scrim- 
geo nr Vickers’ Los Angeles 
office which then executed the 
order in London. 

The broken rides Page 23 

Atlantic battle 
for Tabarly 

Eric Tabarly, one of the 
world's best known sailors, 
sent our a distress call yes- 
terday in the Atlantic after his 
trimaran began to disintegrate 
in atrocious weather 200 miles 
west of Cap Fmistdre. 

The Frenchman, a national 
hero after winning the 1964 
single-handed Transatlantic 
race, was in the Route du 
Rbum race from St Male to 
Guadeloupe. West Indies, 
when the from of one of his 
floats broke off. There were 
fears that the other float 
would go too. 

Kremlin boycotts Molotovas funeral 

From Christopher Walker 

Anxious to distance itself 
from the bitter memory of the 
Stalin purges, the Kremlin 
yesterday boycotted the fu- 
neral of Vyacheslav Molotov, 
one of the former dictator’s 
most nnbiess associates who, 
before his death at the age of 
96, -tad served the state both 

as Foreign and Prime 

The emotional 30-minute 
ceremony behind the red brick 
walls of Moscow's exclusive 
N'ovodevechy cemetery — oat 
of bounds to all without 
special permission — was 
notable chiefly for the lack of 
speeches and the conspicuous 
absence of any member of the 
ruling Poiitourtk 

“It'was a completely private 
affair, curiously low key for a 

man who had played such a 
large pan in Soviet history,” 
explained one of the mourn- 
ers. “One got the impression 
that the top people in our 
Government wanted nothing 
to do with it at all. 1 think they 
were angry that so many 
Western journalists tried to 

Funicular note was paid to 
the failure of the country’s 
veteran President, Andrei 
Gromyko^ to pay his last 
respects. For many years he 
served under Molotov and 
was said 10 have inherited 
many of his tough negotiating 
techniques. More recently, he 
played a major role in securing 
his rehabilitation and re- 
admission to the Communist 
Party in 1 984 after mere than 
two decades in disgrace. 

In addition to the absence of 
officials (the most senior was 

a single member of the Com- 
munist Party Central Com- 
mittee). many Muscovites 
were unaware of the death of 
the most famous surviving 
veteran of the 1917 Revolu- 
tion because news of it was not 
broadcast on television and 
only appeared in selected 
newspapers. excluding 

A number of ordinary citi- 
zens present at the windswept 
cemetery as the coffin arrived 
in a battered, black and white 
mini-bus expressed anger that 
the news of Molotov’s death 
last Saturday had been 

“1 think the Government 
should at least have told us 
about it".said one Second 
World War veteran. 

The choice of cemetery, the 
second most prestigious in the 
Soviet Union, was an indica- 

tion that although shunned by 
the present leadership. Mr 
Molotov did not die in dis- 
grace. Other graves in the 
sprawling graveyard include 
those of Gogol. Chekhov. 
Anastas Mikoyan, another 
great Bolshevik survivor and 
Nikita Krushchev. 

As mourners exchanged 
personal reminiscences under 
a stone grey sky, one told for 
the first tune of the shock 
which the 94-year-old Molo- 
tov had received when he was 
finally offered his party card 
back in 1984. 

“Men arrived at his dacha 
to summon him to go to the 
Kremlin urgently, but did nor 
give him any idea what for.” 
said one. “It was not until he 
got there that he realized he 
was going to be re-admitted to 
the party.” 

Photograph, page 10 

29 _ 


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£251,000 wnt 

Mr David Selbourue, fee lecturer boycotted by his 
students over an article written is The Times, issued a wnt 
yesterday for breach of contract against Raskin College. 
Oxford, chaining £251,000 in loss of potential earnin gs 
(Our Legal Correspondent writes)* 

Mr Selbourue terminated his cootractwife fee college at 
fee start of this term after it refused to give an imiertaknig 
that be would be given freedom to publish what articles 
where and when he wished. He also wanted fee college to 
affirm generally fee right of any its staff and stuiwts to 
publish their views as they saw fit. . 

Mr Selbonme. who was censored for his action by fee 
Raskin governors after fee student anion boycott, is also 


* * * * * *SL 

Trim ATT i t'-U-in:ti!> t; Wj ilAij 

contributions pins damages and costs. 

The writ says Mr Selbonrne was free to “express his 
political religions, social and academic views’* provided 
this was done in his own name and not ia fee name of fee 

Torso Irish ban 

appeal on books 

Detectives investigating 
the discovery of a woman's 
shinned toirso yesterday 
continued questioning a 
couple held during raids in 
three towns. Two men and 
two women were released, 
three on police bail. 

Police believe the dead 
woman disappeared from 
Crawley ia mid-August, 
but ber absence was not 
reported. Her body was 
found in Ashdown Forest 
East Sussex, cm August 31, 
wrapped in a package in a 
shallow grave. 

Police appealed for help 
in tracing curtains, a neg- 
ligee and nightdress used 
as wrappings. 

Two controversial books 
bare been barred from fee 
shelves of Ireland's largest 
booksellers because of 
fears they could result In 
legal action for libel (Rich- 
ard Ford writes.) 

A biography of Mr lan 
Fhisley. leader of fee 
Democratic Unionist 
Party, and a book on fee 
Stalks- affair will not 
appear in Easons, a com- 
pany wife 18 shops. 

The book on Mr Paisley, 
published this mouth, has 
been refused by fee com- 
pany after feey sought 
legal advice. 

Bomb trial man free 

Peter O’LooghKn, aged 27. of Londonderry, was cleared 
on the instructions of a judge at the Central Criminal Court 
yesterday of involvement in an attempted Irish National 
Liberation Army bomb attack at Chelsea barracks a year 

The ruling, by Mr Justice Kenneth Jones, followed two 
days of legal argument after which fee prosecution offered 
no evidence. 

Patrick McLaughlin, also from Londonderry, is Earing a 
similar charge. 

David Bishop, the 
scrum-half banned for a 
year by fee Welsh Rugby 
Union, is to take action 
against it in the High 

The bon came after Mr 
Bishop's conviction in 
Newport Crown Court, 
for punching an- 
other player during a 
match. His one-month jail 
sentence was later sus- 





By Richard Evans 

Political Correspondent 

Voters in fee Labour strong- 
hold of Knowsley, North go lo 
the polls today amid growing 
signs that fee Liberal/SpP 
Alliance has made substantial 
headway in the closing days of 
fee by-election campaign. 

Although fee Mereeyride 
constituency is Labour’s third 
safest seat in England, the 
Liberal camp yesterday con- 
fidently predicted a photo- 
finish and last night an 
independent poll confirmed a 
swing away from Mr George 
Howarth, the Labour can- 
didate, to Miss Rosemary 
Cooper, the Liberal 

Miss Cooper, a combative 
candidate who has success- 
fully exploited local issues 
including poor housing, pre- 
dicted: “The dragon will win, 
not George-'’ 

Mr David Alton, the 
Liberal's chief whip, said fee 
last two Merseyside by-elec- 
tions — Edge Hill and 
Crosby - had resulted in fam- 
ous Alliance victories. “I am 
convinced we will make it a 
hat trick tomorrow.” 

Mr Howarth, imposed as 
candidate against the wishes 
of his Militant dominated 
local party, remains favourite 
to win fee seat but there were 
signs within the Labour camp 
yesterday that it could be an 
uncomfortably dose outcome. 

It is acknowledged that the 
Liberals cut into their support 
last week when Mr Howarth 
was confined to a hospital bed. 

Liberal strategists believe 
privately their impressive 
rally has probably come too ! 
late to enable them to pull off | 
what would be a sensational 
by-election victory. One se- 
nior party official estimated 
yesterday feey could finish up 
2,000 votes short of success. 

Their latest canvas figures 
put Labour ahead on 52 per 
cent. Liberals on 40 per cent 
with the Conservatives trail- 
ing badly on 6 per cent. 

Labour’s calculations show 
feat 66 per cent of those voters 
who have indicated a firm 
preference will back Labour, 8 
per cent fee liberals, 4 per 
cent the Conservatives and 5 
per cent other candidates. 

Ridley to 
Green Belt 

By Ptilip Webster 
Chief FtiStical 

The Government's siron- 

L *4. * + r ‘ ' > * % • • W . . - • i. *. 

Peterhead prisoners, with fee hostage warder circled, starting their sit-in on fee damaged jail roof yesterday 

Confrontation avoided over Wright affair 

MI5 papers ‘handed over’ 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

'll ! 


cent undecided voters wxu 
probably back fee Liberals. 

Past by-elections have 
shown feat eve of poll fore- 
casts by the liberals tend to be 
much more accurate than 
Labour’s, who overstate their 
own support 

In spite of the different 
predictions, both parties agree 
feat a combination of apathy 
and an out of date electoral 
register are likely to result in a 
low turnout of around 50 per 
cent, compared with nearly 70 
per cent at fee 1983 general 
election - that is likely to 
benefit fee Liberals. 

The by-election was caused 
by the resignation of the 
former Labour MP Mr Robert 
Kilroy-Silk after a prolonged 
battle wife Militant within his 
own local party. 

General election 1983: R. 
Kilroy-Silk, (U 24,949; A. 
Birch, (CL 7,758; B. McColgan, 
(SDP/AU), 5,715; J. Simons, 
(WRP), 246. 

As the British Government 
agreed yesterday to hand over 
a number of highly classified 
documents about MI5 to 
Australian defence lawyers. 
Sir Robert Armstrong, fee 
Cabinet Secretary, flew out to 
Sydney where he is to be fee 
star witness in fee case involv- 
ing a book by fee former 
senior MI5 officer, Mr Peter 

The anxiety which is felt by 
the Government over the 
Wright affair was evident 
yesterday when Sir Robert 
arrived at Heathrow Airport 
for his flight 

Faced with a group of 
photographers waiting outside 
a VIP lounge. Sir Robert. 
Britain’s most senior Civil 
Servant, turned on one of 
them and pushed him against 
fee wall wife his briefcase: 

The photographer. Mr Den- 
nis Stone, who had asked him 
to stop for a photograph, said 
that ms camera was damaged 
as Sir Robert “lashed out” 
wife his briefcase. 

Sir Robert later came out 
from the VIP lounge to apolo- 
gue and agreed to pose for 
pictures, commenting to the 
astonished photographers 
:“Can we do n properly now 

Mr Stone remarked: “I 
asked him to stop for a 
photograph. The next I knew I 
was up against the wall. He 
barged me, then he hit me 
with his briefcase and broke 

One source said that it was 
“very important” that fee 
Australian government gave 
its support because this could 
have a helpful influence in the 
court case. 

Confrontation wife fee 
court was avoided yesterday 
by fee British Government 
when Sir Michael Havers, fee 
Attorney General, agreed to 
hand over certain documents 
to the defence lawyers in the 
case. Mr Justice Powell of the 
New South Wales Supreme 
Court had set a deadline of 
yesterday for the documents 
to be presented. 

Whitehall sources said that 
the documents related to M35 
and Mr Wright’s careen 

One source said :“In our 
view we have complied wife 
the judge’s order but the 
defence lawyers have now 
asked for more documents.” 

Sir Robert has been briefed 
thoroughly by the head of MIS 
to prepare him for his cross- 
examination next week, 
according to sources. How- 
ever under the procedure laid 
down for fee case, he is not 
supposed to be questioned 
about allegations in the book 
that the late Sir Roger Hollis, 
fee former director-general of 
MI5 was a KGB spy. 

The whole case is intended 
to focus on the issue of 

• The Attorney General 
was asked last night whether 

Sir Robert Armstrong and 
during their dash at % 

grapher Dennis Stone 
Airport yesterday . 

lion io mast Jw** 3 * 
Konsiws aw* rctiul devefop- 
mentHa fee South-east was 
delivered yesterday by Mr 
Nicholas Ridie y. Secretary of 
Sm»k for fee Environment. 

ft also became dear feat 
such opposition is to be used 
to counter fee North-South 
divide by encouraging 
employers and wwtop 10 
look further afield for 
commercial and job oppor- 

In a speech which delighted 
many Conservative Mrs and 

ministers, Mr Ridley said that 

developers should be aware 
that there was to be “do let- 
up" ip fee Government’s firm 
Seen Belt policy. “We are not 
going to see fee Green Belt 
taken over by shopping malls 
and leisure complexes, ” he 
told the Conservative bus- 
inessmen's dining efub in 

Although prevented by (us 
quasi-judicial t role _ in 
detennmrag planning applica- 
tions from mentioning any 
specific developments, Mr 
Ridley’s words were taken to 
ny-an font recently publicized 
plans for “shopping parks” 
and leisure complexes dose to 
the M 25 around London 
would be resisted. 

MPs also believe plans for 
six satellite villages dare to 
London submitted by Con- 
sortium Developments, _ a 
group of leading construction 
companies, could be doomed. 

The hearing into the 
application for the first, at 
• pBingham HaQ in Essex, has 
been completed, and the plan- 
ning inspector will soon sub- 
mit his report to Mr Ridley for 
a decision. 

Mr William Waldegrave, 
Minister for the Environment, 
has ordered local authorities 
to consult the Government 
before approving any retail 
developments of more than 
250,000 square feet of floor 

Mr Ridley's warning is of 
special significance because 
before his appointment he was 
one of the Cabinet’s leading 
deregulatots and was thought 
to be oat of those ministers 
least committed to maintain- 
ing the Green Belt 

A third take Wapping offer 

with his briefcase and broke be would prosecute Mr Mai- 
my camera.” colm Muggeridge, the writer «• 

Sir Robert will be appearing and broadcaster, Lord Dacre, j 

as a witness for fee Govern- foe historian, ana other senior . «, 
ment next Monday in foe figures who are alleged to have 

By Tim Jones now said they want to take the oology plant at Wapping, east 

_. _ . . , compensation — based on London. 

^ IewS u r an " four weeks* pay per year of # Miss Brenda Dean, general 

nouncedtestrught that more 5 ^^ _ are four fathers of secretary of Sogat ’82, has 
than 1,200 former members of c hapels (union branch blamed her members in the 
staff have accepted fee officials). provinces for the course which 

company s compensation “In response to the number her onion’s dispute wife News 
0 t aaw •, „ of applications fee company International Iras taken. 

company’s compensation 

attempt to stop publication in 
Australia of the book about 
M15 by Mr Wright 
Whitehall sources said yes- 
terday that the Australian 
government had still not in- 
dicated whether it would sup- 
port the British argument feat 
publication of fee book would 
destroy the confidentiality 
rule which governs all officers, 
both past and present, em- 
ployed by the two intelligence 
services, MJ5 and MI6. 

The General Synod 

blamed her members in the 
provinces for the course which 
her onion’s dispute wife News 

the historian, and other senior tw exte ® ded the * adlll f She claimed feat it would 

xts&AVs SrEsSvS =-‘ y set 01 QESSR 

«,<* make up 30 Wremploy^oftbecom- 


Michael Havers naming a Televisions Union world 

farther 18 alleged formersec- had gone on ante taSS P**™®”*. «° be taoadcaa 

urity service officers who have A company statement said: n r our «««■ to make toa ^ 1 Qa Channel 4, are 

spoken about their work in a “The total of ex-staff applying ® 2l5SiwStiImIi«iu ” trade durin S a confrontation 

book about the Anthony Blunt for payment is increasing in a mannauai senremems. wife Mr Eddy Shah, the 

spy scandal, Conspiracy of strong, continuous flow and Since foe dispute began, the newspaper proprietor, who 
Silence \ which is to be pub- has gone up by over 400 since company has published The said feat the unions at 

fished next week. last weekend. Times and four other national Wapping had committed 

MI5 wrangle, page 12 “Among those who have newspapers at its high-tech- “Han Kan”. 

ton, tabled questions to Sir 
Michael Havers naming a 
further 18 alleged former sec- 
urity service officers who have 
spoken about their work in a 
book about the Anthony Blunt 
spy scandal, Conspiracy oj 
Silence , which is to be pub- 
lished next week. 

MX5 wrangle, page 12 

made during a confrontation 
wife Mr Eddy Shah, the 
newspaper proprietor, who 
said that the unions at 

Africa committee is set up 

The General Synod of the 
Church of England voted by 
360 to 39 with 15 abstentions 
last night to set up a committee 
on black African concerns. 
This reversed a derision by the 
synod last February. 

The task of the committee 
will be to monitor church 
issues affecting black An- 
glicans and other policy im- 
plications for minority ethnic 
groups within the church and 
the wider community. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robot Rjonrie, said 
that to talk of national unity 
while doing nothing about one 
of their own most gaping 
divisions would impoverish 
their own witness and as they 
were a multiracial church they 
most take decisions in a 
mohirarial way. 

The church needed what 
minority ethnic groups could 
bring to it - enthusiasms, fre- 
shness , co mmitmen t, crea- 
tivity^ and new ways of 
decision-making. It also 

needed to team from their 
experience of being poshed to 
the margins in the church and 
In society. 

“That is why we want to 
remove barriers that hinder 
their effective participation,** 

Canon Ivor Snuth-Cameron 
(Southwark) said black people 
bid been depressed and frus- 
trated by what they deemed to 
be a serious rebuff earlier this 

“Not only must foe black 
presence be there and be seen 
to be there within the decision- 
making structures of foe 
Church of England but foe 
future shape of the church, 
especially the en ri ch m ent of 
foe lives of her younger mem- 
bers, must reveal this new 
significant dimension. We 
cannot simply go on as we 
are," be said. 

The Bishop of Liverpool, 
foe Right Rev David She- 
ppard, said they most make 
black people believe feat all 
doors of foe Church of Eng- 
land were open. 

Canon Gordon Dodson 
(Norwich) said he did not tike 
the use of the word “Mack”. 
The Labour Party had set 
itself against separate black 
sections and he hoped that if a 
political party could get it 
right the church could too. 

Canon George Austin (St 

there was a black point ©f view 
which needed a committee was 
to exhibit prejudice which 
must be resisted. 

The Bishop of Stepney, foe 
Right Rev James Thompson, 
said that in his diocese they 
experienced the joy of mnlti- 
ttatioaai Christian faith. 

The Bishop of Leicester, the 
Right Rev Cedi Hint, said he 
feared that without foe pro- 
posal the church might be- 
come a white ghetto and that 
would be horrifying. 

An attempt by Mr Chris- 
topher Whitney (Hereford) to 
amend the name of the body to 
the Committee on Minority 
Ethnic Anglican Concerns was 
heavily defeated. 

Taking three steps nearer Rome 

By AitgeUa Johnson 

The Church of England 
moved a step closer to Rome 
yestenday when the General 
Synod endorsed agreements 
on three key ecumenical issues 
which will pave the way for 
further dialogue between both 

Members of fee 565-strong 
body wen? asked to make 
definitive pronouncements on 
the Church's official response 
to - the Lima text on Baptism, 
Eucharist, and Ministry 
(BEM); and the final report of 
fee Anglican Roman Catholic 
International Commission 

They overwhelmingly ac- 
cepted fee less controversial 
theological statement of BEM, 
and after much debate ap- 

proved fee ARGC statement 
on the Eucharist and the 

This xs part of a world-wide 
process in both churches to 
prepare for official derisions - 
on unity by the Vatican and 
fee Lambeth Conference in 

A third doctrinal statement, 
and the authority of the Pope 
looks set for a rough ride when 
it is debated in the Synod 
today. It has already been 
criticized by the House of 
laity, because its members 
believe they will have little say 
in a church united under a 
Catholic Pope. 

Yesterday’s vote, though in 
favour of the two ARCIC 
statements, following & di- 
vision of the Synod’s three 

Houses (Clergy, Bishops and 
Laity), also registered a strong 
protest vote of just under a 
third in the House of Laity. 

Professor David McCIean, 
chairman of the House of 
Laity, supported the ARGC 
resolutions but felt be had to 
voice fee opposing view of the 

He called for more “clarity" 
and less “diversity” before the 
ARCIC report could be ac- 
cepted. In particular he 
wanted further discussions 
into the matter of Papal 

Mr Frank Williams, of 
Edgware. Middlesex, from the 
House of Laity supported the 
move towards a united church 
and said “Wc cannot and 
must not hold back." 

Relieving someone of the fear 
and pain of cancer is beyond value. 
But it still has its price. 

3)eor Sir , rkimistd Skz hod 

fof no 

dhtfrf M-WW fnmdtMrL 

f ^ 3-4^ ^ 

. >- ' Thereare still many thousands of cancer victims who have 

to suffer the pain and anxiety of this cruel disease without the care ofa Macmillan nurse. But 
you can begin ro ease their pain, simply by sending a.donation to Major HCL Garnett cbe, 
Cancer Relief Macmillan Fund, 15/29 Britten Street London SW3 3TY. Tel: 01-351 7SU. 

Cancer Relief 

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wro Sciiety tv C 4 f-<« Jtewt No 2 SV-i 

«i . - , 

•n* • 



' ; '*s 

rrjing Gli 



Police chief criticizes 
‘safety measures’ that 
led to Bradford horror 

I **■---••■ mw l -1 > ml 

By Ian Smith 

Increasing government con- 
cern about football crowd 
violence and dub measures 
made necessary to curb hooli- 
ganism contributed to the 
appalling death toD at the 
Bradford City football ground 
where 56 people burnt to 
death, a police chief told the 
High Court in Leeds yes- 

The hearing was told that 
emergency exits were locked 
to keep out intruders; stew- 
ards carrying keys were fright- 
ened to .wear uniforms in case 

" , _ He agreed that finance split 

Disaster hero soccer clubs into two camps — 
A/iaaaiCl UCAW the “Rolls-Royce" dubs who 

braved flames -*^“5 
to rescue man 

Police Sergeant David 
Britton, aged 42, spoke yes- 
terday of his efforts to save an 
elderly man. 

As the grandstand erupted 
in flames Sgt Britton noticed 
the man vainly trying to 
scramble over a chest-high 

“The dothes on his hack 
were on fire. X ran over to 

they were attacked and fire rescue him. Fire bad engulfed 
hydrants were non-existent - the whole stand and the heat 
because of tears that they was Intense — I have never felt 

because of tears that they 
would be used as weapons by 
waning terrace gangs. 

It meant that when a care- 
lessly discarded cigarette set 
alight mounds of paper strewn 
12 inches deep under loose- 
fining floorboards in block G 
of the grandstand, panicking 
spectators were trapped. 

Some kicked down barred 

was intense — I have never felt 
beat like that before. As I ran 
towards him the heat was so 
intense on my forehead and 
face' my sltin began to tighten 
and 1 was beginning to feel the 

“For a fleeting moment I 
thought I cannot stand this 
heat any more but suddenly I 
developed tunnel vision, didn’t 

Some KiCKea oown oancu aevetopea nms»si visum, umu* i 
exit doors but most died as look kit or right or tfamk 
they groped their way along an about anything else except 
8 feet square rear corridor that I must rescue this man.” 

through swirling - fumes of Sgt Britton fixffiht his way 
dense black smoke which to the man and grabbed him by 
restricted visibility to just four his waist to poll him to safety 
Inches. . as a second officer arrived to 

The grim scenario of mod- help. It was not imffl he 
em-day football was presented watched a *kv^ recording 
to Mr Justice Cantley by a of the resam later timt .day he 
West Yorkshire chief inspec- realized his own hair had 
tor, Charles Mawson, who was exploded in tones. • 

in charge of 140 police patrol- 

ling the ground on the Sat- spectator died from Ins mjn- 
urday in May 1985, when res mne weete later . 

Bradford City were playing ha 

iheir last home fixture before a bron ^JSJl^ ^ 

capacity crowd before promo- same 

tion to the second division. 

The High Court hearing win 1 

deride whether Bradford City Roth Set Britton and Chief 

Football Qub, the Heahh and 

Safety Executive and the now » u “ ne ? ‘ ~ - 

j ... V/M-lf chirA 

County Council must bear with^ gaflaairy 

legal uabpfty for the om- Oxm mm gmmn, 


who relied upon diehard, life- 
long supporters to do the work 
cheaply. At Bradford the keys 
needed so desperately that day 
were ra the care of two 
brothers, their sister and her 

But Mr Mawson denied that 

attention had been focused on 
crowd control and hooligan- 
ism to the detriment of safety 
or that the fire hazard poten- 
tial had been swept out of 

If he had known about 
letters written by West York- 
shire County Council which is 
the area fire authority and the 
Health and Safety Executive 
drawing club , attention to the 
fire risk, he said, he would 
have ensured the matter was 
vigorously pursued. . j 

Mr Mawson was scathing ; 
about the Government’s 1976 
“green guide” on football 
ground safety which judged 
buildings to the 1909 

timber-built grandstand at 
Bradford should be capable of 
evacuation within 2Vi min- 

He said that the guide made 
no allowance for the aged, 
infir m or fathers shepherding 
out young children but instead 
assumed -every grandstand 
spectator was a fit, healthy 
individual singlemindedly 
concentrating on getting out as 
quickly as possible. 

The deadly accuracy of his 

trophe. If a test case brought- 
by Mrs Susan Fletcher, aged 
34, and her son Martin, aged 
12, succeeds then another 109 
claimants will seek millions of 
pounds in damages. 

Mrs Fletcher lost her hus- 
band, John, aged 34, son 
Andrew, aged 11. brother-in- 
law Peter and his father, 

Edmond, aged 64. Martin 

^Suiting* ™n football grounds awards SSJJJKaSwi 
leading on to the pitch. were singled out for violence fining wings”. 

Under cross-examination as were the young or very old The hearing continues 

by Mr Roy McAuiay, QC. who w«e amadered soft ^ 
representing the dub, Mr options by the thugs. , 

Woman ‘Arts policy sours 
tells of image of Britain’ 

crossbows By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

The blonde mistnas of a sir Peter Hall, directoroff IJjK 

man accused of murdering a to National .Th^bre^hM that 

gardener and shooting an joined to growing ontoosui ef yw rastoto Psiwpra « 

elderly widow dining a raid on the Government's arts fwliag Bn tom b ecoming a nation 

her isolated manor house poGcy by suggesting that it is phibstmes. 

wnnaa about me uo verameai !» 1 y I u 

that I must rescue tins man.” - ^ ^ de * on football 
Sgt Britton i fought his way safety which judged 

to the man and grabbed him by buildings <Hmitar to the 1909 
his waist to pull him to safety ^ber^ujjt grandstand at 
as a second offices- arrived to Bradford should be capable of 
help. It was not imtu he evacuation within 2 Vz min- 
watched a television recording nTei 
of the rescue later tint day he 

reaflzed his own hair had He said that the guide made 
exploded in flames. no allowance for the aged, 

In spite of the rescue to infirm or fathers shepherding 
spectator died from his in jo- out young children but instead 
ries nine weeks later. assumed -every grandstand 

In a parallel case to to one spectator was a fit, healthy I 
brought by Mrs Fletcher 1 the individual singlemindedly I 
«ung defendants are contest- concentrating on getting out as 
ing an action brought by Sgt quickly as possible. 

** The deadly accuracy of hra 

Both Sgt Britton and Chief claim that to Bradford^and; 

Insp Charles Mawson will go stand was a slow cteanng” 
tn Wkingfesm Place next area was sadly proven when 

present them with gallantry people were unwilling to *- 
uku. verl their attention from the 

mea ^ s ~ drama played out on the 

Mawson agreed a fine line had football pitch in front of them 

to be drawn between the need tong enough to save then- own 

to ensure crowd safety while lives, 
taking every precaution to y^gy were reluctant to 
prevent mob violenat stand op and move out of 

Mr Mawson said at the time seaJJJ ^ dozens of the 

• of the fire. there waswide- ^qqq grandstand inhabitants 

spread concrnn about footten . oeeringup at the fire in the 
violence both -at government ^^jvg them, hopdesdy 
and tocal leva fajimr SJ£tbat flkmeTwere 
football grounds stewards 

Torn* operators’ conference 

Thomson Blacklist propos 
drive to f or overbooking 

standard on holiday flights 

Thomson Holidays, Brit- 
ain’s biggest tour operator 
which launched this year's 
price war, started a new battle 
yesterday — to raise the stan- 
dards of holidays. 

The Association of British 
Travel Agents was told aborts 
three-poimt initiative which 
win indode the establishment 
of a “holiday mivemy m 
Majorca, from which Thom- 
son will regularly se lect pack- 
age tonr representatives. 

The comapany is also 
rea-niting specially trained 

Tour operators who over- 
book airline seats, which 
sometimes results in holiday- 
makers missing their flights, 
could be blacklisted by charter 
airlines and possibly lose their 

This suggestion was made 
yesterday at the a nn ua l 
convention of the Association 
of British Travel Agents 

In a debate on hobday 

From Derek Harris, Brisbane 

ore who over- bad been property booted. 

which One of the difficulties is that 

ilts in holiday- tickets written for package, 
a their flights, holiday charier flights are not 
I^JbyStrS necessarily sumped rnmmc 
ssibly lose their issuer s name. With tale boot 

1 ings it is customary for tickets 

ion was made to be issued by a 
the annual operator s agent from blanks 
the Association at the airport. 
r ra vd Agents This means the charter air- 
lines cannot easily check on 

te on holiday the issuing of tickets and some 

_ — — ~ n . ■ mai Kn> nscciilP 

In a debate on nouaay me issuing 
industry problems, Mr Trevor operators may n °V J* 

Coe. deputy commercial man- on to the airlines payments for 
the the ticketsihey have issued 

mkSfilt ;<• rvjrt rtf u/hpn nverb(K)kin£- 

reermrarg a^- 0 f Monarch Airlines, me me “ 

representatives to tacklemara- g^g which is pan of when overbooking. 

»»i4nrp and niHTlTIlS FCPWT .< _ o L A KiiAfie onH Mnnsrr.h n^Q u 

Mark Thatcher and his fiancee Diane Borgdorf leaving 
Downing Street by a back exit yesterday 
(Photograph: John M annin g). 

Telegraph refuses to 
dismiss Thatcher 

tenance and running repair 
problems in villas and 

And it is to give a new series 
of awards for excellence to 
hotels and resorts in 12 cate- ' 

cones, with the first winner to 

be -announced in Dece mber, 
based on voting by Thomson 
holidaymakers tins year. . 

Mr Pan! Brett, managmg 
director ofThomson Holidays, 
said: “The holiday price war is 

not over yet, bat we are 
starting this new war to raise 
the standards of package 
holidays”. . 

A six-week course m Ma- 
jorca, covering various aspects 
of service in the holiday 
industry, is expected to cost 
abort £350, including flights. 
This figure could be reduced 
through grants that are ex- 
pected to be made available 

and Thomson is likely to make 

l^vanc or a stage payments 
system available. 

Next year to company is 
offering 1,000 places on 
courses beginning in January. 

Thomson is basi ng _ th e 
courses on a successful 
Scandinavian venture and ex- 
pects foreign nationals at holi- 
day destinations to take places 

as well as Britons. Those 
successful on the cotuses wfll 
receive a diploma. 

Thomson intends recruiting 
about half of them. The 
re main der, it is claimed, 

should be in a good position to 

obtain jobs elsewhere. 

m. ' «a enh- 

the Cosmos holidays and 
travel group, called for a new 

He said overbooking had 
berome quite a severe pro- 
blem. . . _ . 

Remedies suggested by Mr 
Coe, which include blacklist- 
ing offending tour operators, 
are to be considered by Abta. 

Bui Mr Roger Allard, head 
of Owners Abroad, which 
organizes cheap flights for 
holiday villa owners, has, 
together with representatives 
of two other leading travel 
companies, talked to the Civil 
Aviation Authority about 
supplying it with information 
that might lead to a possible 
review of the licences of 
persistent overbooking off- 
enders. . _ 

Mr Coe said the overbook- 
ing mainly concerned larger 
aircraft shared by a number of 
smaller tour operators. 

Some operators were con- 
sistently overbooking and 
then telling their customers to 
arrive early at airports so that 
they secured seats, to the 
detriment of later arrivals who 

Wlicu ... ■ 

Monarch had tackled the 
overbooking problem and had 
achieved a “vast 
improvement", according to 
Mr Coe. _ , 

But he added: “The prob- 
lem has not been completely 
solved even though we have 
scaled it down. Not only does 
this give lour operators a hard 
time but it also reflects on the 

One method of dealing with 
persistent offenders would be 
to have a system for travellers 
to be notified 24 hours in 
advance. However, this would 
present administrative diffi- 
culties, Mr Coe said. 

A second preferred method 
would be to issue a warning.; 
Then airlines would refose to 
carry passengers from a sus-; 
pected tour operator, possibly 
encouraging other airlines to 
co-operate in establishing a 
black list of offending op- 

If subsequent paperwork cm 
tickets were speeded up. it 
would be easier for airlines to 
pinpoint offending tour op- 
erators, Mr Coe said. 


Doubts over ban 
in aircraft drunks 

The Office of Fair Trading 
has told the Association of 
British Travel Agents that it 

• oUmit a nun* 

obtain jobs elsewbw. w reservations about a new 

Thomson expects to sub- _ tQ ackle drunkenness 
sidize to courses to some on holiday flights, 
extent and mairt a ins there . mi sei vines 

another to deprive the of- 
fender of the complete pack- 
age holiday". 

The OFTs reservations 
emerged after a guidance note 
to members from Abta, which 
suggested members should in- 

By a Staff Reporter 

Miss Carol Thatcher, the features deparmem to one 
Prime Minister’s daughter, which publishes editorial 
has asked to be dismissed supplements, 
from her job as a features “She chose, bo ^® r ’ -j? 
writer with The Daily Tde- demand to be dismissed with 

be paid compa,. vm renewed 

“Bid Mr Max Hastings, edi- in a letter from Miss 

But Mr Max Hastings, 

tor of The Daily Telegraph,. Thalcherts solicitors received 
iw» refused her request. by the newspaper on Tuesday. 

M? iSbtiTgs said Miss “As for as I am concern* 
Thatcher ssled to be djs- 

Hastings said. 

her isolated manor house 
begged him not to go out on 
the night of the robbery* 

• Tina Clark, aged 23, who 
lived with Terence Clark, aged 
45, a communications consul- 
tant, became concerned when 
she saw two crossbows on a 
coffee table at to home she 
and Mr Clark shared. 

“I asked what they were for. 
Terry said it was better I 
u.A«! I Vipomyl him not 

tarnishing Britain’s swage 

Announcing forthcoming 
visits by four l eadin g foreign 
companies, ■ Sir Peter said 
abort two-thirds of to 
production costs wer e ba ng 
met by their own countries. 
The remainder would come 
| from ticket sales and private 
spwsM&fo. _ 

(Correspondent missed after he told her she 

Honse. who said on Tuesday would be transferred from the 

that the arts budget for next _ _ ~ 

pear raised the prospect of Y .Tq ffTT 
Britain becoming a nation of XJlXV 1UI 

Philistines. j A 

Sir Peter indicated ftat be UHlTClCr OI 
may leave Britain when his 

contract with to National rrAVDPH Al* 
Theatre expires at the end of Slllr vlllUl 
1IW8, saying be vrasomsid- ^ 28 was given a 

S2 8 te double liferentence yesfetday 

thme for his part in the ruthless" 
specific, bat jbsemdi tore winali Qn tw0 years ago of 


jobs m = jmipe . F.ueene Gilmartm, of Lab- 

extent and maintains mere OFT has misgivings suggested members suouia i 

r should be no. difficult m ™ mJStiEX* of elude in brochures a warm 

L attracting reenrts. in spite of £ disoideriy saying: "If you are prevent 

tte cost of to course. Applica- ® ^om holiday from boarding an aircraft 

dons fw jobs at Thomson are FrankliiC because, in the opinion of any 

to one 10 times greater ton the4W) f Abta’s tour op- person in. authority at the 

editorial, to 500 jobs usually available cteuraM oi ad^ v ^ foduding for example 

each year. ■ ^ OCT S cSorned that, the^olice. the pilot or scanty 

ever, to Tte company intends to _ J^^jLssene^could be personnel, you appear by rea- 
ped with seek official educational ral- have son of intoxicating liquor or 

idation for the courses wtweb it Lfcne member of a misuse of drugs to be unfit to 

renewed hopes will continue to pro- it travel our responsibility for 

n Miss cess of tte past five years m 3 m ^to“hole Snily your journey or holiday, 

received improving quality of service m m|SS holiday. including any return flight, 

Tuesday, to industry. M -what thereupon ceases, 

oncerned Mr Brett said: “We wart to Mr Frankbn .. P(lil canceUation chargra 

estion of raise to rtakes wifosome- toy are “ wiU then apply and no refund 


is ( 


“I asked what they were ior. from tkirt sates a«i jobs fo Emrope - EugraVGiiinartm, of Lab- 

Teny said « b®tterl spousorship- HighEghts of to inter- unmm Way, Beifest, denied 

didn 1 1®° W - ^ to ^ mSHiswies pbamed for ^ charge but was sentenced 

to go out but be didn’t listen to wtenwego next year, as part of tte fo r the murder of Mr William 

me. reciprocate. When we travel, n nutuV tenth - .it Jmntu onvpmnr 


kitchen", she said in a state- 
ment read to a jury at Lewes 
Crown Court, East Sussex, 
yesterday. _ 

Her evidence - for ine 
prosecution was read at to 
&ial of Mr Clark, his. son, 

Martin, ! 

Dougal. aged 21 . They all deny 
murdSing William i Austin, 
aged 54, and wounding Mrs 
Ellen Ditcher, aged 76, m^a 
raid on her home, Otham 
Manor, near Maidstone, Kent, 

in July last year. 

The prosecution has alleged 
that the three, wearing bbick 
balaclavas and arm*?, 
two crossbows and a 23. rite, 
battered their way mio to 
wealthy widows home, shot 
her three times, murdered ner 
gardener, who lived upstairs, 
and killed her great dane dog. 

Doctors decided it was too 

reflection of our standing w 

the world,” Sir Peter said. 

He feK that it was ironic 
foal the support from host 
countries meant it was easier 
for the National Theatre com- 
panies to perform abroad than 
totour to United Kingdom. 

dude Swedish and Japanese ^ for possessing the guns 
performances of Sbakespear- nse d fo the IRA shooting. . 
tea tragedies. Mr McConnell was shot m 

lagmar Bergman wifl direct the driveway of his home, 
the Royal Dramatic Theatre of Gilmartm was also given 
Stockholm in his first produc- concurrent sentences or be- 
tion of Hamlet, while to Toho tween three and seven years 
company from Tokyo will for kidnapping wo elderty 

j ftu m nainhhnurc nf Mr M cCO HIlCll, 



m ■■ V-n 1 ' 

my 1 


1 1 1 ■ 

• ■ r • l 1 . • W. 

W, • Vf te . .¥ v . m 

^ for wo elderiy 

to H?eMSes^4asis3ttvfew transplant Mmbeth from neighbours ofMr Mpovodi 
Claus Moser, medieval Scottetd to saterotii and for hijackmg their car. 
chairman of to Boyal Opera centmy JagM. jfjygr 

— — 7 ~ - kfcaiu uinvi 

Secretary tied up and £2**“™ 
strangled with blouse 

Asecreiaiyputupastruggle SS'yealat Li™ 

j iL_ >Ar- Itohivnl (ho TV) 

A secretary put up a struggle 

before being sexually as- 
saulted, strangled and then 
thrown into a river an inquest 
was told yesterday. 

Part of her blouse was used 

accountant who 
ed down and killed a 
aged 1 1 while overtak- 
i a crest of a hill was 
for two years at Liver- 

imc biiioouw j- 

narrowly missed the mam 
SrtS to her brain. The other 

is lodged close to her heart, Mr 
Geoffrey Hadwen, a surgeon, 
said. The trial continues. 

SKSSSSS pod Crown Comt. ywaeitiay 

Srtce^e alchS limft 

of Romford, Essex, worked as aftrt an evening at his golf 
anrachmemind^ Arthur Stanley Jesson, aged 

Mr Tidiman said be .hsd p orm by, who admit- 

anangedtomertMissE^at the death of 

tteprmtmg worics^ hevras in Kiridake 

h " Road, Formby, in Apri was 


,> - f£ 

— •. .. 

Doctors decided ii was 100 ran oi ner uiousc - club, 

daneerous to remove two of to strangle her and was also a machme minder. Arthur Stanley Jesson, aged 

the bullets from Mrs Ditcher, used togagl^and for binding 67, from Formby, who admit- 

rme smashed her jawbone and ber wrists, it was said at the arranged to mert Dayat ^ the death of 

?i^wly missed to main inquest at Poplar, east Lon- to printing works m he vras Mitchefl in Kiridake 

^ to herteain. The other dol : _ ^ Sd, Formby, in April was 

Uodeed close to her heart, Mr The woman, Alison Day, of engaged for two yeara disqualified from driving for 

ssac “ inson ^ 

Proeress in cataract studies in bins dispute 

Dortauce of good diet in old age Michael Parkinson, to tele- 

By Ken Gosling 

5 ftee 3 hour VHS tapes 

A ilJ i 

1 Si? I 

By Ken Gosling 
progress in tte investigation 

. . “ r aha Af 

discovered .by looking at to 
effects of heat on eye lenses, a 
factor that explained why one 

Progress in the lnvesngauuu factor that expmneo wnj am j>r David Flayer, me 
of to causes of cataract, one rt of the most common forms of emmeirs director general, said 
the most common causes of the condition was glass- exercise and dirt both im- 

portance of good diet mold age Michael FbrigMQjMbe tete- 

Jas empharized. vision personality, has gained 

* was ■ a victory over hjs local councfl 

]* Dr David Player, the m a dispute about new 
of coanriTs director groeral, raW wheeled rubbish bins. 

®" exercise and dirt both im- Together with others who 
*y proved mobility. Learning how jjve m Bray, near Maiden- 
81 to relax and deal with stress . bead, Berkshire, he criticized a 
and stopping smoking were council plan which would 
“ other factors. have meant residents would 

*s ■ — — have to wheel the new large 

fl APAA J _ bins to to front of toir 

g £500 to trace homes for dustmen to colleo. 

rf bird s attacker wns from back doors. 

ad A £500 reward was offered pfnn remaild 
he yesterday by Norfolk Swan EilUU L „ ^ 

if- Rescue Service for infonna- Kenneth Butterfield, agsc 
en tion 10 trace whoever shot a 25, of Osborne Street, Wind 

Ol LUC Utiw — - 

the most common causes of 
blindness, was ® 

London yesterday dmrug a 
conference on to problems of 

0k fte£tfch at Salford Univer- 


blower’s cataract and also why 
it was commas in tropfo® 1 
countries. . , 

A common product in the 
diet using heated sugar was 

•* '•mmm 7 

exercise and dirt tafli im- 
proved mobility. Learning how 
to relax and deal with stress 
and stopping smoking were 
other factors. 

Research at Salford Univer- heated sugar was 

«t>-ftinded by to Foundation ^ s bowu to lead to a .. nn 

te As« R«Birch, Mipnintaie £5UU to trace 

closed a new mechanism tor a mechamsm that hew w 

MtteTact • this cowral different forms of Kll*H 7 C QTTapfrPl 

****** fonBS rf bird s attacker 

raSshSlnly, thatit Drag-imhiced cataract ted A-£500 rewmd waso^cd 
--ears to te linked with also been examined and m to yesterday by Norfolk Swan 
preventable canses. ^ df one particular anti- Rescue Service for infonna- 
wasto result of an bfoticit was found tfcatwhen non 10 trace who^rt shot a 
IdSbergh University study testei 0 n ;dpgs' eyes toy young swan throi^h to head 
toiftoM whatapjp«ared to be developed cataracts. with a 12m 

oUnkwiih causes such as Drring yestrtday*s cob- The wounded bird was seen 

a n i-5tw «nd heavy drinking. • fumim dreaiuzed by the on marsh fond on the Norfolk 

ieremav s fisherman. It is 

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biochemistry at Salfori/said Edwattoii- CoundW to im- recovering from itsinjunes. 

tfce utechanisra had ®een 

UlUS 11UI1I W-* WWW.— 

Eton remand 

Kenneth Butterfield agsd 
25, of Osborne Street, Wind 
sor, was remanded in custody 
for seven days by magistrates 
at Slough, Berkshire, yes- 
terday, accused of 
kidnapping a boy aged 10 
from Eton College. • 


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November 12 1986 


life in 


Mr Geoffrey Rippon {Hexham, 
Q. who moved the Loyal Ad- 
dress, said that there was now, 
in this Queen's Speech, a proper 
balance of monetary and fiscal 
and economic policy. 

“Despite all our hopes for less 
legislation it looks as though we 
could be kept busy for many 
months", he continued amid 
laughter- “Just how many 
months all but one of us will 
have to guess-” 

A good case could be made for 
the feet that the quality of life in 
the North was in many ways 
belter than that in the South, but 
there were many anxieties that 
arose in the North at present 
from two main sources. 

One was the feeling of remote- 
ness from Whitehall, intensified 
by the centralization process of 
recent vears. which had tended 
to erode local responsibility. 
The other was ibe deep-seated, 
long-term unemployment and 
he welcomed the measures that 
the Government had taken and 
proposed to take to deal with 
this problem. 

He applauded the steadily 
increasing capital investment 
programme in infrastructure, 
housing, roads and the general 
environment, helped as that was 
by the higher revenues gen- 
erated by lower rates of taxation. 
All. North and South alike, 
benefited from the lowest level 
of in Hauon for two d e cades. 

Mr Steven Norris (Oxford East, 
C), seconding, said that there 
must be few Conservative MPs 
without personal experience in 
recent years of the capricious 
effect of gram settlements on 
their own authorities. 

They would recognize that 
both logic and equity dictated 
that it should be the spending or 
saving policies of councils that 
should be the primary mecha- 
nism by which rates should go 
up or down. 

He doubted if any measure 
would commend itself more 
whole-heartedly to MPs than 
the notice in the Queen's Speech 
of the intention to repeal the 
Remuneration of Teachers Act 
What must be transparently 
obvious to any objective ob- 
server was that the present 
Burnham Committee arrange- 
ments were profoundly un- 

of work to 
be eased 


Three moves to ease the pres- 
sure of work in the House of 
Lords were announced by Vis- 
count Whitefaw, Leader of the 
House, after the Queen’s Speech 
had been repeated in the Lords. 

Recalling the wish he had 
expressed on previous occasions 
to achieve a more even distribu- 
tion of Bills between the 
Houses, he told peers that 
between now and the Christmas 
recess be expected no fewer than 
six major Bills to have been 
introduced and given a second 
reading in the Lords. 

Two of them, the Family Law 
Bill and the Marine Pilotage 
Bill, would be introduced 

To relieve the pressure, 
suggestions bad been made to 
him that one or more Bills 
should be referred to a standing 
committee. He had decided that 
one Bill should be taken through 
the procedure this session. He 
woauld continue consultations 
soon to decide on a suitable BilL 

Representations had been 
made to him that the conven- 
tions on the way business was 
conducted should be reviewed 
and he had deckled to appoint a 
small informal group to advise 
him on the working of the 

“The Government are taking 
a number of steps to seek a 
better running and smoother 
running of our work”, he said. 

“There have been limes when 
some of us have felt that the 
House was not always exercising 
that restraint and self-discipline 
which is so essential for our 
House to be able to function at 

Earlier, be said that the 
Government's initial distribu- 
tion of Bills between the two 
Houses had been to some extent 
affected by the loss of the Shops 
Bin. Some Bills, but by no 
means all. bad called for much 
revision. Others had given rise 
to much debate even though 
amendments might have been 

"Painful though it may some- 
times have been, there can be no 
doubt that some of the session's 
major legislation, such as the 
Building Societies Bill, the 
Financial Services Bill and the 
Public Order Bill benefited 
considerably from the attention 
of this House." 

He liked to think the Govern- 
ment had been responsive to the 
views expressed in the Lords 
and bad sought to accommodate 
them where practicable. 

Timetable for 
Speech debate 

The debate on the Queen’s 
Speech in the House of Com- 
mons continues tomonowwhen 
the main subjects will be educa- 
tion and family poverty; on 
Friday when the subject will be 
foreign affairs and next week as 
follows*. Monday, local govern- 
ment and Scotland; Tuesday, 
industry and employment; We- 
dnesday. the economy. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Continuation 
of debate on the Queen’s 

Lords (3): Continuation of de- 
bate on the Queen's Speech. 

Hie Government Opposition front benches awaiting the summons to the Lords yesterday. Left (from bottom) are; Mrs Thatcher, Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
Mr Lawson, Mr Pete Walker, Mr Kenneth Baker, Mr Nicholas Edwards and Mr Hard, partly obscuring Mr Norman Tebbit. Bki l (from bottom): Mr 
Pete Shore, Mr Kaufman (leaning forward), Mr Kinoock, Mr Roy Hatterefey, Mr Stanley Onne, and Mr C MB M gham . . 

Kinnock attacks poverty scandal 

Every independent measure of 
public opinion was against the 
injustice of poverty, Mr NeO 
Kinnock, Leader of the Opposi- 
tion, said when be opened the 
debate on the Queen's Speech in 
the House of Commons. 

A country with so many 
sorely and helplessly poor was a 
country lacking basic justice, a 
country not at peace with itself 
he said. When the Prime Min- 
ister had the courage to call an 
election, she would be soundly 

Mr Kinnock opened by saying 

6 Lawson’s Budget 
forecast was 
ridiculously wrong 9 

that the Opposition would give 
all support to action to combat 
international terrorism and drug 
trafficking, and hoped that the 
vigorous effort spoken of would 
include the restoration of the ‘ 
900 customs officers the Gov- 
ernment had taken away. 

They would endorse measures 
to improve the safety of sports 
grounds, conservation and the 
implementation of the Anglo- 
Irish agreement. 

They greeted some measures 
with great hostility, however, 
among them the proposal to 
abolish domestic rates m Scot- 
land and replace them with a 
poll tax. 

They would resist the attempt 
to repeal the Remuneration of 
Teachers Act, 1965. That would 
not have the effect of beneficial 
reform but would inflict maxi- 
mum damage. 

“To prevent that, I ask the 
Secretary of Slate for Education 
(Mr Kenneth Baker) to with- 
draw his threat to -dictate a 
settlement, to end his attempt to 
set teacher against teacher." 

Mr Baker was strongly 
protesting that be had at heart 
the welfare of the 95 per cent of 
children who attended main- 
tained schools. He could mani- 
fest that dearly by changing 
course and changing his mind 
on the repeal of the 1965 Act 

Proposals like that, and much 
else in the Queen's Speech, bore 
tittle relevance to the real needs 
of the nation. That was obvious 
from references to economic 
policy, as in the autumn state- 
ment from the Chancellor last 

If the Chancellor could hit his 
target for economic growth of no 
less than 3 per cent, and hardly 
anybody else had offered the 
prospect of 3 per cent growth 
next year— 

If there was no rise in 
unemployment, despite the feet 
that absolutely nothing had 
been done in the autumn state- 
ment or the Royal Address to 
stop the year-on-year loss in 

If all that happened, there 
would still be a monster manu- 
facturing trade deficit, which 

contributed to the balance of 
payments deficit That would be 
all right if only the currency 
movers ignored that deficit and 
kept the pound nice and steady. 

It simply did not come to- 

For the sake of (he jobs, 
businesses and homes which 
depended upon the correctness 
of the assumptions, one wished 
the Chancellor was right But he 
had got his forecast at the time 
of the Budget in March ridicu- 
lously wrong. 

The most worrying and 
revealing detail of that autumn 
statement was the Chancellor's 
confession that his March fore- 
cast of a £3 billion manufac- 
turing trade deficit was wrong 

That deficit for this year was 
actually going up by nearly twice 
that amount — £5.5 billion 
more bought from the rest of the 
world than sold. It would be the 
worst ever and would rise to a 
crushing £7.5 billion in the next 

All of that had contributed to 
the position in which there were 
nearly four million in the coun- 
try who wanted to work and 
who were without work. 

At the Mansion House a 
month ^o, the Chancellor had 
been berating industry and the 
financial markets from suffering 
from “short- termism". 

It had been a point well made. 
It had been made very late but 
rightly made. 

How could the Government 
expect the private sector to take 
the long-term view knowing that 
the Government was so very 
committed to the expediency of 
the short term in absolutely 

There must be a long-term 
industrial policy for the recov- 
ery of manufacturing industry 
with extra investment on the 
same basis and with the same 
instituional support as that of 
the main competitor economies- 

“For unless we follow (hat 
long-term course for strengthen- 
ing our industrial base, we shall 

When the Prime Minister said 
that freedom and wellbeing of 
the family was her starting 
point one had to agree that that 
was a decent priority. But it was 
necessary to ask whether the 
wellbeing and freedom of those 
who endure such prolonged 
poverty was real freedom. - 

Where was their choice when 
they could make no meaningful 
choice about clothes, about 
paying beating bills, or even 
about the food they are? Where 
was their wellbeing and their 
freedom in the calculations of 
the Prime Minister? 

Or had they been locked out? 
Were they suddenly less than 
citizens, because they did not 
have the power of ownership, * 
whose rights of ownership the 
Prime Minister so frequently 

Surely MPs on all sides must 
take a different view 6f govern- 
ment policies that continued to 
depress living standards and 

6 Two million 
children face a 
Christmas 9 

6 Growth in poverty 
unparalleled since 

continue to decline as a produc- 
tive nation and the legacy we 
hand to our children will be one 
of increasing failure and pov- 

Since 2979. there had been a 
growth of poverty through un- 
employment, low pay and 
disability unparalleled since the 
war. In 1979 there were six 
million people ai or below the 
supplementary benefit level of 
income. The figure now, in 
1986, was nine million. 

“In the families of those who 
are poor, there are no less than 
two million children who sim- 
ply do not enjoy the freedom or 
make the visits or wear the 
clothes that other children en- 

im posed means tests on those 
who had virtually nothing. 

“In this country, because it is 
Britain, I believe there is a 
consensus. It is a consensus 
against poverty, a consensus 
against unemployment and a 
consensus for meeting the bills 
of common need.’’ 

Every independent measure 
of public opinion was against 
the injustice of poverty. A 
country with so many sorely and 
helplessly poor was a country 
lacking basic justice, a country 
not at peace with itself. 

These people knew that after 
seven years this Government 
would not follow any systematic 
programme for frill production; 
it did not believe in distribution 
with justice. 

“That is why. whenever the 
Prime Minister gathers the cour- 
age to face this country she will 
be • forced to account and 
soundly beaten", he concluded 
to prolonged Opposition cheers. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, said that in his 
rambling speech Mr Kinnock 
had been critical of the United 
Kingdom, manufacturing perfor- 
mance. In feet manufacturing 
output had risen 10 per cent 
overall since the 1983 election 
and it was going up and up. 

Manufacturing investment 
bad risen 5.5 per cent last year; 
manufacturing productivity had 
increased each year since 1979 
at an average rate of 3.5 percent 
a year; manufacturing export 
volume was at a record level; 
manufacturing profitability was 
at its highest level since 1978. 

The Leader of the Opposition 

had also referred to assets from 
North Sea oil investment. He 
did not seem to a pp reci a te that 
overseas assets had gone up 
from £12,000 million in 1979 to 
£80,000 million now. 

The Government would be 
introducing a wide range of 
measures, building upon sac- 
cesses already achieved; to 
encourage wider ownership, im- 
prove education of children and 
young people, to care for those 
who needed help, to conserve 
and improve the environment 
and to protect people from 
crime ana the fear of crime. 

In spile of a sharp fall in the 
price of ofl. they were entering 
the new parliamentary year with 
good prospects for growth, ex- 
ports aqd investment and low 
inflation and a more promising 
outlook for unemployment. 

Next year’s 3 per cent growth 
would be the sixth year of 
growth at dose to that average 
level Since 1981 Britain’s econ- 
omy had grown faster than dial 
of France and Italy and a little 
fester than West Germany's. 

The Opposition could not 
stand the ever-wider spread of 
ownership. Their objective was 
to expand the powers . of the 
Stare and increase government 
control overpeople's lives. 

They wanted to put penal 
taxes back on to the shoulders of 
those who led the way to growth 
and jobs and they wanted to put 
the newly privatized industries 
beck into the hands of 

For the past two years the 
teachers' unions had cam- 
paigned for higher pay, some, 
but not all using the disruption 
of children’s education as a 

The Secretaries of Slate for 
Education and for Scotland Jkad 
set out with the teachers’ unions 
and management - a package 
offering a dear- definition of 
teachers’ duties and respon- 
sibilities and substantially 
higher pay, with greater rewards 
for better teachers and head 

The pay proposal was fair and 
reasonable, indeed generous. 
The duties and responsibilities 
were those which any conscien- 
tious teacher could reasonably 
be expected to fulfil- She hoped 
that employers and teachers 
would lake this opportunity to 
put the profession on a much 
firmer footing. 

The centrepiece of the leg- 
islative programme in the 
Queen's Speech was the Crim- 
inal Justice BilL 

In the battle against crime the 
Government must provide the 
necessary level of resources and 
ask Parliament to give police 
and courts the powers they 

This Bill would build on the . 
foundations of the Drag Traf- 
ficking Offences Act and 
strengthen the jury system by 
abolishing peremptory chal- 
lenges, a facility open to misuse 

and against the interests of 
justice. * 

By allowing children who had 
been victims or witnesses of 
sexual or violent attack to give 
evidence to the court by video 
television link it would make it 
more likely that the perpetrators 
of these horrifying crimes were 
brought to justice. 

She had bear appalled by the 
terrible cases of child abuse. 
Crimes a&inst children fefl to 
depths ofevil that placed them 
in a category of then- own. 

The significance of Reykjavik 
was that, after many years of 
talking about arms control 
there was now a p ro sp ec t of 
major arms reductions, pro- 
vided that the Soviet Union did 
not make agreement on all arms 
control measures dependent on 
others accepting the restraints it 
wanted on SDL 

The next step was to negotiate 
specific and detailed agreements 
which took account of the 
West’s vital concerns, with bal- 
ance and effective verification. 

Reminding Mr Healey that he 
had in 1981 said that if Labour 
adopted a policy of unilateral 
disarmament he would fight to 
change that policy before a 
general election and, ifhefafled, 
would sot accept- office in a 
Labour Government. Was that 
still his position or had he 
joined the unilateralist band- 
wagon which had swept to 
control of the Labour Party with 
Mr Kinnock holding the reins? 

The Government had a .duty 
to keep Britain’s defences 
strong; a duty to the Nato allies; 
a duty to keep faith with the 
Armed Forces. 

6 Overseas assets 
have risen to 
£80bffli<ra 9 

Mr David Steel Leader of the 
liberal Pam, opened; “If any- 
one doubts that we were heading 
towards a general election, the 
election speech to which we 
have just listened should cer- 
tainly dispel those doubts." 

After visiting the North-west 
in the by-election campaign, his 
reaction to the Queen’s Speech 
and to Mrs Thatcher's rhetoric 
was the sheer monumental 
irrelevance of both to the every- 
day problems which people were 

There was some valuable 
legislation and the Liberals 
would support the Criminal 
Justice Bill. 

The general message from the 
Prime Minister- ana the Gov- 
ernment's programme was that 
they intended to continue to 
ignore the impact they had had 
on the lengthening dole queue, 
on the increasing disparity be- 
tween North and South, the 
crumbling infrastructure and 
the decaying housing stock, 
because die Queen's Speech had 
not addressed itself to those 

The Queen outlines year’s programme 

The Qoeea, in her speech 
opening Parliament today, said: 
My Lords and members of tire 

House of Commons, 

I look forward with muck 
pleasure to receiving his Maj- 
esty King Fahd of Saudi Arabia 
ami his Majesty King Hasson of 
Morocco on State •mlts daring 
the next twelve months. 

1 also look forward to visiting 
Berlin in May daring that city's 
750th anniversary year and to 
befog present oa the occasion of 
the Commonwealth Heads of 
Government meeting fn Canada. 
My Government will continue 

tO a ttarh (he highest rmptMrfoiwp 

to national security and to 
preserving peace with freedom 
and justice. They wifi maintain 
the United Kingdom's own de- 
fences and play an active part in 
the Atlantic affiance. 

of the common agricultural 

My Government will honour 
their commitments to the people 
of the Falkland Islands while 
continuing to seek more normal 
relations with Argentina. They 
will dis charg e their obligations 
to the people of Hong Kong and 
will work closely with the Chi- 
nese Government to carry oat 
the Sino-British Joint Dechm- 
tion. They will stand by their 
commitment to the people of 

My Government wifi work far 
new agreements oo arms control 
and disarTHuaeut. They will 
seek greater co-operation and 
trust between East and West and 
work far progress at the Vienna 
Review COorereoce on Security 
and Co-operation hr Europe. 

My Government will bold the 
presidency of tire Council of 
Ministers of the European 
Community until the end of this 
year. Within the Community 
they will work to promote enter- 
prise and employment; to re- 
move barriers to internal trade; 
for improvements h» world trade 
roles; and for c o ntinuin g re fo rm 

My Government win con time 
to work for peaceful and fno- 
itamwital ri ia n gp in St mrii Af- 
rica, is cossoltatioa whh their 
partners in the European 
.Community and with the 
Commonwealth. They will sup- 
port Namibian independence. 

They will look for solutions to 
the problems of the Middle 
East They wiD support attempts 
to achieve settlements in 
Afghanistan, in Cambodia, in 
Cyprus and hi Central America. 

My Government win make 
rigorous efforts to combat inter- 
national terrorism and traffick- 
ing in dregs. 

.My Government will play a 
constructive role far the Com- 
monwalth and at the United 
Nations. They will maintain * 
substantia! aid programme, jday 
their part hi the relief of. famine 
and other natural d is asters and 
encourage investment la the 
developing countries. 

Members of the House of 

Estimates for the public ser- 
vice will be laid before yon. 

My Lords am) members of the 
House of Commons, 

My Government's firm mon- 
etary and fiscal policies will 
con throe to restrain tefiation and 
foster the conditions necessary 
for farther sustained economic 
growth. Within that framework, 
my Government will coettone to 
promote e n te r prise, the g row t h 
of employment and the educa- 
tion and training of young 


My Gov e r nm ent will m a in ta in 
firm control of politic expen- 
diture, m that ft may canthme to 
fall as a proportion of the 
nation's income and permit fur- 
ther reductions in the burden of 
taxation. Consistently with this, 
my Government will continue to 
seek better raise for money in 
public spending, so dot vital 
services may be farther 

to make father p r o vision for the 
confiscation of the proceeds of 

Action will be taken to farther 
privatization, both to improve 
economic efficiency and to 
encourage wider share own- 

Legislation rill be introduced 
to improve the system for the 
supervision of hanks. 

A BQl will be broaght forward 
to improve the vorkhig of crim- 
inal jnstke, to unplanefo certain 
recommendations made by the 
Committee on Fraud Trials and 

Measures riD be proposed to 
promote fmtfaer competition m 
order to secure greater efficiency 
in the jbbw* of local 
authorities' services, and to 
improve the basis te the pay- 
ment of rate-support grant in 
England and Wales. 

Legislation wifi be brought 
before yon to repeal the 
Keoroaeratioa of Tetdwts Act; 
1965, and to introduce new 
arra ngeme nts to settle sefan- 
oKcacfeers* pay, dntfes and con- 
ditions uf service . within the 
resources avafiaNe. 

A Bill wffl be fatredneed to 
extend the rights of people tiring 
in privately owned flats in 
En ujuad and Wales. • 

A Bill will be introduced to 
fiwawutg the con se rv a tio n and 
management of the Norfolk and 

SWfo®£ Broads. " 

Legislation will be mtrodneed 
to provide tether financial 
assistance to support the coal 
industry’s pro gre ss to commer- 
cial vxabtKfy and to enable fair 
representation of the workforce. 

Measures will be proposed to 
bring op to date the arrange- 
ments regulating Ofi and gas 

Measures will he brought 
forward farther to reform family 
law hi England and Wales, 

A BBl wfll be introduced to 
modify the system for the con- 
trol of fire risks and to make 

tether provision for safety at 
sp o rt s grounds. 

For Scotland. Bills wifi be! 
introduced to abolish domestic] 
rates, to reform the enforcement 
of debts doe under court orders, 
and to make varioes improve- 
ments to criminal justice. 

My Government wifi continue 
through the Anglo-Irish Agree- 
ment to co-operate with the 
Government of the Republic of 

They wifi encourage elected 
representatives to Northern Ire- 
land to search te an agreed 
basis for the retam to a devolved 
adodnstration. They will con- 
tinae to escomagr economic and 
industrial development. A BUI 
wfll be introduced to 
Northern Irelud 

against ter rorism . 

Measures will be proposed to 
reform foe admurtratioa of 

will again be 
before you to enable 
construction of a Channel tnn- 
pel A Bai wfll be.artroduced to 
unthorfae file cons tru c tio n of a 
third crossing of the Thames at 

Measures wfll be proposed to 
strengthen the law on consumer 

Other measures wfll be laid 
before you. 

My Lords and members of the 
Honse of Commons, 

I pray that the blessing of 
Almighty God may -rest upon 

your counsels. 


axed in 

Martfo Fletcher 

A trailbLazuig Bill to abolish 
domestic rates Scotland ap d 
replace them with the h jgjuy- 
controversial poll tax figured 
prominently, . and attracted 
particular scorn from. the. 
opposition- .... 

Razes reform is now high on 

the political agenda, and nan- 
istars envisage similiar tegfcla- 
tion covering England ana 
Wales being in trod need in 
first session of the next 

The Abolition of Domestic 
Rates etc (Scotland) Bill, lobe 
published at the end of this 
month, will phase out domes- 
tic rates over three years from 
1989-90, replacing them with 
with a “community charge or 
poll tax payable by all voters 
and an inde x-linked commer- 
cial rate. . 

It wifi also seek to sunpany 
the rate support grant system 
for Scottish local authorities 
by replacing it with a two- 
pronged revenue support 
grant This would consist of a 
ctantiarri grant based on the 
number ofad ul t residen ts, and 
a needs grant supplementing 
authorities that have to spend 
more. , 

The Government believes 
such a system would consid- 
erably increase local authority 
accountability and iron out 
blatant injustices in die 
present complex system of 

It would give aQ electors a 
stake in their council's fi- 
nances rather than just 50 per 
cent who pay rates now, 
protect businesses who at 
present pay a disproportionate 
amount even though they 
have no vote, and provide a 
direct and obvious fink be- 
tween what one pays and what 
one gets. 

However, Mr Neil Kinnock 

tbe Labour leader, greeted the 
announcement with “great 
hostility" saying the pou tax 
would hit “the very poorest in 
the community 1 '. 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, described it as the 
worst of the 19 bills in the 
Queen's Speech and promised 
that it would be “vigorously 

Mr Donald Stewart, MP, . 
president of the SNP, said the [ 
Bill would be “foisted on the j 
people of Scotland by tbe I 

Battle due 
over plans 
to scrap 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

The Gov ernment's plans to 
repeal die 1965 Remuneration 
of Teachers Act and scrap the 
Burnham committee after 67 
years could prove among (he 
most contentious acts of the 
new parliamentary session. 

While the Labour Party 
believes Burnham should be 
reformed to give it power to 
negotiate on pay. duties and 
conditions of service, it is 
deeply- suspicious of the pro- 
posal by Mr Kenneth Baser, 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion. to replace it with an 
interim advisory committee. 

It has promised to fight any 
move by Mr Baker to give 
himself direct control in these 

But the Opposition’s great- 
est anger is likely to be 
directed at any attempt to use 
tbe sew legislation repealing 
Burnham as a way to impose a 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bour leader, said yesterday 
that the Government's moves 
would not lead to beneficial 
reform, but would inflict 

piarimmn damag p. 

Mr Giles Ratfice, Labour's 
education spokesman, be- 
lieves it is legislatively impos- 
sible for the Government to 
impose new working contracts 
on teachers. 

But sources dose to the 
Department of Education and 
Science insist that a settlement 
can be imposed if the present 
talks break down. Mr Baker 
would amply have to in- 
troduce legislation requiring 
local education authorities to 
implement the kind of con- 
tracts be has outlined and pay 
the commensurate rates. 

Heralding yesterday's ann- 
ouncement in tbe Queen's 

Speech, Mr Baker said fast 
month that it was “widely 
accepted" that Burnham sh- 
ould be replaced. 

According to figures re- 
leased to The Times , during 
the past 12 years, Burnham 
has led to a negotiated settle- 
ment on only tour occasions. 
Special inquiries such as 
Houghton in 1974 and Gegg 
in 1980 or arbitration have 
tended to dominate resolution 
of schools pay disputes. 

New consumer laws 

on sale prices 

The Consumer Protection 
BiB will introduce a general 
safety requirement making 
suppliers and importers 
responsible for ensuring that 
all the goods they sell are safe, 
and will make it an offence to 
give misleading price indic- 

Both steps were enthus- 
iastically welcomed, by con- 
sumer organizations yest- 
erday. Proposals fix' a general 
safety requirement to protect 
consumers from unsafe goods, 
even when there are no spe- 
cific safety regulations, were 
published in a White Paper in 
1984, and have been an aim of 
the Consumers’ Association's 
campaign for many years. 

The general outlawing of 
misleading jnice comparisons 
finally reptabes tbe unenforce- 
able and complicated regula- 
tions under previous legi- 
slation which allowed retailers 
to disclaim the accuracy of 
reductions they were purport- 
ing to offer, or to make 
comparisons with prices whi- 
ch were in fact never charged. 

It has been an aim of Sir 
Gordon Borne, Director-Gen- 
eral of Fair Trading, for 
almost a decade. 

On the Bin's third main 
theme the consumer lobby 
still finds, some grounds for 

dissatisfaction. A new product 
liability few wffl make produc- 
ers liable for damage caused 
by defects in their products. 
Consumers will have a new 
right to claim compensation if 
they are harmed by defective 
goods, without having to 
prove negligence. 

That win bring British legr 
islalion into line with the 
European Community prod- 
uct liability directive, and 
comes after 10 years of debate 
within die Community. 

But the Consumers' Associ- 
ation is dissatisfied because, 
under tbe Government's pro- 
posals, manufacturers will be 
able to escape liability on the 
grounds that the state of 
knowledge at the time of 
manufacture of a product did 
not enable the existence of a 
defect to be discovered. 

Manufacturers say that this 
“development risk” defence is J 

essential if new products are to 
be introduced, but Mrs Rose- 
mary McRobert, deputy direc- 
tor of the Consumers’ Assoc- 
iation, said. yesterday: “Tbe 
cost of insuring against a 
defective product, which ult- 
imately would be paid by all 
purchasers, is better than leav- 
ing individual victims to cany 
the burden of uncompensated 

Defence will be a 
vital election issue 

Although there was only 
brief reference to defence, it 
remains set to be a central 
issue of any election cam- 

The Government is still 
firmly committed to main- 
taining Britain's independent 
nuclear forces and the replace- 
mem of tbe ageing Polaris 
missile system by Trident. 

h is a message that Mrs 
Thatcher’ will be reinforcing to 
President Reagan as they re- 
view prospects for arms con- 
trol post-Reykjavik at their 
weekend meeting at Camp 

There has been some con- 
cern amo og. government min- 
isters at the . possible adverse 
effect on public opinion of 
continual speculation about a 
so-called zero-zero. option on 
ballistic missiles in talks be- 
tween the United States and 
the Soviet Union and the view 
in Whitehall, is that the Tri- 
dent programme should pro- 
ceed as planned- ... 

In the speech, the Queen 
said that 'the Government 
would continue to attach the 

highest importance to na- 
tional security and to preserv- 
ing peace with freedom and 
justice and to m aintaini ng 
Britain's own defences as well 
as playing an active part in 

The Ministry of Defence is 
pursuing 1 an efficiency pro- 
gramme to ensure the best 
possible value for money re- 
turns on spending and claims 
to have made significant 

Efforts have concentrated 
on four main areas; the 
management and organization 
of the Ministry of Defence, 
control of defence manpower 
in procurement and on the 
supply of goods, services and 
support to the Armed Forces. 

During the speech, the 
Queen 3l$o said that the 
Government will work for 
new agreements on arms con- 
trol anddfearmamenL 

The Cimp David meeting, 
will allow Mrs Thatcher to 
express her reservations about 
the effects on European sec- 
urity if arms reductions so too 


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• . ^ AVlU. I terrorisn 

give evidence fight to b 

i • j • intensifie 

by video in 

. • -d ^ A special easterns fat 

tnal changes E2ss , SHi 

J traduced as part of 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent GorenHn eafs cnato ed 

Evidence by live video link, 
new action against fraud and 
powers for the Attorney Gen- 
eral on lenient sentences are 
among measures intended for 
the Criminal Justice Bill, men- 
tioned in the Queen's Speech 
at the State opening of 

The evidence by video 
recording would be either 
from abroad or in cases where 
the victim was a child and the 
offence was one of sexual or 
violent assault. . 

It would be made admis- 
sible in court in the same way 
as ordinary oral evidence. 

Rules governing the admis- 
sibility of documentary ev- 
idence would be relaxed and 
would apply to criminal trials 
generally rather than simply to 
cases of fraud. 

But the Government's aim 
is also to combat fraud and 
safeguard the probity of finan- 
cial institutions. The proposed 
legislation would set up a 
serious fraud office to investi- 
gate and prosecute the most 
serious and complex cases. 

Reforms would be provided 
to the rules of evidence and to 
fraud trial procedures. 

The BtD would cover lenient 
sentences. It would empower 
the Attorney General to refer, 
for the opinion of the Court of 
Appeal, crown court sentences 
which appeared to raise policy 
questions of general sig- 

This measure would re- 
inforce the Court of Appeal's 
role in guiding lower courts' 
practice. But the sentence 
imposed on a particular of- 
fender would not be affected 
by die Court of Appeal's 

As expected, the maximum 
penalties for carrying firearms 
in furtherance of crime and for 
corruption would be increa- 

A number of minor offences 
would also be reclassified as 
triable only by magistrates. 

The new Bill will extend the 

Oil firms 
must clean 
up seabed 

By David Yomg 
Energy Correspondent 

The new legislation which 
the Department of Energy is to 
introduce is designed to make ' 
sure that the seabed of the i 
North Sea is left as safe and 
dean as possible once oil and i 
gas fields reach the end of their 
economic life. 

Mr Peter Walker. Secretary 
of State for Energy, has had 
long discussions with the UK 
Offshore Operators Assoc- 
iation. representing the oil and 
gas industry, and the fishing 

industry'. . .. 

The legislation will give him 
power to specify the extent to 
which any installation or pipe- 
line must be removed. 

It will ply* allow him to 
require companies to provide 
detailed costing for abandon- 
ment work and to demand 
evidence that companies in- 
volved will have the funds 
available to meet the cost 
The Government will be 
able to set safety standards, 
make detailed anti-pollution 
arrangements and order in- 
spection checks to see that the 
work is .carried out properly. 

The changes also include 
updating arrangements for 
collecting and assessing the 
rovalcy payments from oil and 
gas fields. There is provision 
for the Government to repay 
royalties to companies who 
incur higher than expected 
costs on abandonment. 

In addition all offshore 
installations will now have a 
500 -metre safety zone around 
th em- 

The proposals 
in The Queen’s 
Speech - 

How will they 
affect your 

Consult the 


30, Farringdon Street 

TeL 01 634 II®) 

power to order confiscation of 
the proceeds of offences. 

Victims would benefit from 
an extension of the courts' 
powers to make compensation 
orders in certain cases. Courts 
would be required to give 
reasons for not making an 
order in all cases where there 
was an identifiable victim. 

The Bill would provide a 
statutory right to compensa- 
tion for criminal injury. 

The right of the defence to 
challenge juries without cause 
would be abolished. ■ 

The upper age limit for 
jurors would be raised from 65 
to 70. But those in that age 
group would be excused as of 
right if they wished. The 
measure would add about 225 
million people to the pool of 
potential jurors. 

Provisions relating to young 
offenders would include the 
more flexible use of detention 

The law on extradition 
would be amended enabling 
the United Kingdom to sign 
the European Convention on 
Extradition and facilitating 
the return of those wanted in 
the UK. 

THe Criminal Justice (Scot- 
land) Bill seeks to further 
powers to combat the growing 
problem of drug trafficking. 
Another Scottish Bilk the 
Debtors (Scotland) Bill, seeks 
to provide a more humane 
system of debt enforcement 

it would remove the most 
resented aspects of warrant 
sales by stopping compulsory 
sales in debtors’ homes, 
extending the range of goods 
exempt from sale and banning 
the identification of the 

The Northern Ireland (Em- 
ergency Provisions) (Amend- 
ment) Bill would seek to help 
the authorities in dealing with 
terrorism while also enhanc- 
ing the statutory rights of 
those suspected or accused of 
terrorist activity. 

Pledge to 
rebel pit 
union met 

By Tim Jones 

The Government yesterday 
fulfilled a promise to the 
breakaway Union of Demo- 
cratic Mineworkers, whose 
members helped it to break 
the coal dispute because they 
would not go on strike without 
a ballot 

The Coal Industry Bill will 
give “all employee organiza- 
tions within the industry the 
chance to achieve fair par- 
ticipation in the management 
of various trusts, welfare 
: or ganizati ons and superann- 
uation schemes'*. 

Since the dispute ended, Mr 
Arthur Scasgffi, president of 
the National Union of Mine- 
workers, has refused to nego- 
tiate with British Coal on fair 
representation for the UDM. 

In spite of the proposed 
legislation to achieve fair 
participation, die Bill wiB go 
only some way towards 
addressing UDM grievances. 

Leaders of the Nottingham- 
shire-based union are bitter 
that British Coal refuses to 
allow than to negotiate in 
areas where their members are 
in a minority. 

In addition, the Bill arms to 
give Mr Peter Walker, Sec- 
retary of State for Energy, 
powers to continue grant aid 
to the coal industry : 

British Coal aims to achieve 
full-year finan cial break-even 
in 1988-89, and to reach full 
liability in 1989-90, The pro- 
vision of the Bill extends the 
power to pay deficit grant to 
cover the financial years 1987- 
88 and. as a contingency 
measure, 1988-89. 

Radio and 
TV moves 
put off 

The' passing mention of 
broadcasting appeared to con- 
firm that the Government has 
decided to put off legislation 
until after an election (Our 
Media Correspondent writes). 

The Government is still 
studying the Peacock report 
on broadcasting finance and 
will publish a Green Paper on 
the structure and future of 

But no mention was made 
of the comprehensive broad- 
casting reform Bills ministers 
hope to introduce to phase-out 
pie television licence and 
introduce community radio 

The Home Office is known 
to favour Peacock’s recom- 
mendation for a phase-out of 
the licence. 

Drugs and 
fight to be 

By Stewart Tesdler 
Crime Reporter 

A special customs intelli- 
gence computer, more vessels 
for offshore patrols and extra 
investigators are to be in- 
troduced as part of the 
Government's continued fight 
against international drag 
tra ff ic kin g and terrorism. 

No fresh legislation is 
planned in either field, but the 
international effort to bring 
greater co-operation win con- 
I fawn*. 

By the end of the year the 
I Home Office hopes that all the 
: machinery for the operation of 
I the Drug Trafficking Offences 
Act wfl) be in place. The act 
i will allow for the tracing and 
freezing of assets belonging to 
i suspected traffickers. 

At home the number of 
customs investigators will in- 
crease by 1 10 and another 350 
officers will work at check- 
points at air and sea ports. 

Daring the next three years 
£7 oriDion is to be spent on an 
intelligence computer for 
CBStoms* records; which are 
generally regarded as one of 
the best sources of information 
on drop trafficking. Another 
£7 milium will be spent on 
buying three new carters to 
replace ageing vessels. 

Parents should be 
given more choice 
over education 

By Trndi McIntosh 

Sir Geraint Evans on stage as he opens the restored opera boase at Newcastle span Tyne 

Opera rises from the ashes 

Sir Geraint Evans yesterday 
opened the Tyne Theatre and 
Opera House nearly a year 
after a disastrous fire. 

The building was badly 
damaged last Christmas Day 
by a fire, believed to have been 
caused by an electrical fault. 

But the theatre, built in 
1867 and supported by sturdy 
Victorian beams, survived 
and 100 volunteers began 
clearing the site the next day 
with the help of a £100,000 
grant from the Sun Alliance 
insurance company. 

After 1 1 months of repairs, 
costing £1.5 million, the 
1,200-scat theatre has been 
restored in authentic Vic- 
torian style. 

Sir Geraint knocked three 
times on the stage for luck and 
praised the 400 volunteers 
who made it possible. 

What makes the theatre 
unique is the wooden Vic- 
torian machinery which, when 
repairs are completed in six 
months, will operate a total of 
22 trap doors covering the 
entire area of the stage. 

“There is nothing like it in 

the world,” Roy Hudd said. 
He said that the machinery, 
protected from the fire by a 
layer of rubbish, will be ca- 
pable of “popping" an entire 
opera chorus up through the 

Seats, carpets, curtains, and 
equipment in the auditorium 
and bars have been copied in a 
blue and grey colour scheme 
from chaired originals. De- 
tails. such as the name of 
Shakespeare written on the 
dome of the hail and lost in 
later redecorations, have been 

Most local education 
authorities rarely consult par- 
ents on their choice of educa- 
tion for their children, a 
national group campaigning 
for parental rights in educa- 
tion. said yesterday in 

Mr Norris McWhirter. vice- 
chairman of the Parental Alli- 
ance For Choice in Education 
(PACE) said that because of 
this "the comprehensive 
school system has become a 
monolithic structure offering 
tittle choice of education for 
more than 80 per cent of 

With the closure of many 
grammar schools and increas- 
ing fees for private schools, 
most parents had no alter- 
native but to opt for State-run 

PACE, whose council mem- 
bers include Baroness Cox, 
who is chairwoman, and Lord 
Harris of High Cross, is 
campaigning to have the two 
human rights relating to 
education contained in the 
European Convention on Hu- 
man Rights, incorporated into 
British law as a Bill of Rights. 

The European Convention 
on Human Rights states that 
the Slate should respect the 
right of all parents to have a 
choice of education and train- 
ing according to their own 
religious and philosophical 

Mr McWhiner said al- 
though Britain had been a 
signatory of the Convention 
since 1952, governments h3d 
since failed to offer most 
parents enough freedom of 
choice in education. 

He said PACE will soon ask 
all local education authorities 
to carry out surveys into the 
choice of education parents 
want for their children, in 
every county and borough. 

“Parental choice in educa- 
tion is a basic human right and 
one that should be at the top of 
every education authority’s 
agenda,” Mr McWhiner said. 
• A landmark decision by the 
local government ombuds- 
man has ruled that London 
Boroughs cannot justify refus- 
ing a school place to a child 
outside their catchment area 
simply on the grounds of pupil 

Children from neighbouring 
boroughs can appeal for a 
school place, and that appeal 
must be heard on its own 
merits, the ombudsman ruled. 

The ruling came in a case 
brought against the Conser- 
vative-controlled Londor 
Bourougb of Croydon by a 
mother who lives in 
neighbouring Sutton. She had 
wanted her daughter to attend 
the same Croydon school as 
her sister but the council's 
appeals committee bad ruled 
against her. 

-the Government and the Manpower Services 
Commission are pleased to announce the names of 
those organisations who have received a Fit For Work 
Award in 198 6. 

An Award is given to those who have done most for 
disabled workers in the relevant twelve months by 
implementing constructive employment policies. 
Assessment is on an evaluation of the organisations 
record and performance in accordance with the seven 
guidelines Gated opposite. Empb)«s with constructive 
employment policies and practices for disabled people 
are invited to enter next year’s Fit For Wxk Scheme. 
Details can be obtained from the Manager, Central 
Awards Unit, Manpower Services Commission, Room 
W1030, Moorfoot, Sheffield, SI 4PQ. (Tet Sheffield 
(0742) 704511) or from your local Jobcentre. 

Guidelines * a sound and effective policy on the 
employment of disabled people. * Retention in 
suitable employment of employees who become 
disabled * Full and fair consideration for all disabled 
people, who apply for employment * Smooth 
integration into work of disabled people, including 
provision of special aids or adaptation to the work 
environment. * Full development of the skills and 
potential of disabled employees, and training and 
promotion opportunities. * Involvement of trade 
union, employees' representative and or employees 
in developing* policies towards disabled workers. 

* Close cooperation with local jobcenue services 
and Disablement Advisory Service. 

In addition, account will be taken of: provision of 
employment opportunities to disabled young people: 
use of/provision of sheltered employment or 
employment rehabilitation facilities: other activities 
to promote the employment of disabled people. 

Fit ForWbrk Awards I 

Albright and Wilson Ltd, 
Whitehaven Works 


Allied Insulators Ltd 

Applied Se curi ty Design Untiled 

AFT Electronics Ltd 

ARA Services Ltd 

Industrial Site Services 

Baxi Partnership Ltd 

Domestic Heating Appliances 

Beanfort En gi neer in g Co lad 

BJELW (Auto-Products) limited 

Bowden Controls Limited 

Car Cable Manufacture 

Bending MBs Combing Co JUd 

Wbolcombeis and Dyers 

BP Petroleum Development limited, 


British Gas, Eastern 

British Gas, North Thames 

Cables and Plastics Limited 

Channel Foods limbed 

Fish Processing 

Chilton Brothers lad 


Copcdand Borough Council 
Corgi Hosiery limited 
Coventry Optical Co Ltd 
Crompton Machine Co Ltd 
Amusement Machines 
Grown Eyegfoss Limited 
C umbr ia Constabulary 

Omningfaaine District Council 
Dahva Sports Ltd 
Delta Accessories and Domestic 
Switchgear Ltd 
Dumbarton District Council 

CttyrtfDnndee District Cotmcfl 

Easington District Council 
East Staffordshire District Council 
Edjgarb Dairies Limited 
KmJfeim Ert gEng gring-Mvoda 

Esso Research Centre, 


Famous Names limited 

Plant Hire 

Friction Hates 

Firsteel Mend Products 
L Fischer Ltd 
Bedroom Furniture 
Fluorocarbon Company Limited 
Plastic Surface Coating 
B Forster and Co Ltd 
Ladies' Ooching 
Fox’s Biscuits Limited 
Frauds Packaging Limited 
JR Freeman and Son Ltd, 

Furness Ifrick and TDe Co Ltd 
Furness Footwear Limited 
Gateshead Metropolitan Borough 


GEC Avionics Ltd, 


GEC Telecommunications Ltd, 

t >mini Fhn utar e tri 
The George-THF Hotels, 


City of Glasgow District Council 
William Grant and Sons Ltd 


C E Heinke and Co Ltd 
Rubber Products 
Hi ghlan d Regional Council- 
Social Work Committee 

The Hcdt-Jackson Book Co Ltd 
Library Booksellers 
Ilford Laundry Limited 
International TWist Drill 
Engineering Cutting Tools 
jaguar Cars limited 

Cheese Manufacture 

Robert Kellie ft Son limited 

Artificial Limbs 

Laboratory Thermal Equipment 
Lambert Howartb Group pic 


Leeds City Council 

Utdewoods Pools 

The London Borough of Brent 

The London Borough ofHadmey 

The London Fancy Box Company Ltd, 


Lucas NSF Limited, 


Electronic Switches 

Luneside Engineering Co 

(Hal ton) Ltd 

Aero Engine Pans 

S H MacKinnon & Co Ltd 




Manchester City Councfl- 
C1 causing Dep a rtment 
James N Miller ft Sons Limited 

Boat Builders 

Motherwell District Council 
NE1 Mining Equipment Ltd DAC 
The Nodor Company Ltd 

Dan Board Manufacture 

Services Commission 



j m 

Only way Products Ltd 


T I Parkray Ltd 

Solid Fuel Heating Appliances 

Pendelfin Studios Ltd 


Pepper! & Fuchs GB Ltd 
Electronic Controls 
Plessey Naval Systems Ltd, 


Post Office, Bolton 

Roxburgh District Council 

Rust Craft Greeting Cards (UK) Ltd 

Schofield Bros (L’pool) Ltd 

Mineral Water 

Siebe Services Ltd 


Sileby Engineering 
3bm Smith & Clarke Ltd 
Lifting Equipment 
Squirrel Horn pic 
Station Hotel, 


Stelrad Group Ltd 


Swizzels Madow Ltd 


TBS (South Wales) Ltd 

Metal Fumiiure 

EW Thomson & Sons Ltd 


TUdor Systems Ltd 

Automotive Accessories 

Tbmberry Hotel and Golf Courses 

Vale Royal District Council 

Robert Victor Ltd 


Whrdown Engineering Limited 
Welch Marge tson 

Shirt and Tie Manufacturer 
Woods of Colchester limited 
Air MiAing Equipment 


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the Alliance & Leicester 


Building Society 




"'•-i •'.it?,'-’'. 


Coach driver accused 
of causing motorway 
crash which killed 13 

A coach driver was yes- 
terday accused of causing one 
of pritain's worst motorway 
pilc-ups in which 13 people 

Preston Crown Court was 
told that John Bonnyman, 
aged 63, could not explain 
why his vehicle ploughed into 
a line of traffic at speed, and 
told police: “I could not get it 
to stop, that was all”. 

Four children were among 
those who died and another 42 
were injured in the M6 
disaster near Preston in Octo- 
ber last year. 

Photographs of the ac- 
cident, one with the bus still in 
flames, were shown to the 

Mr Bonnyman, of Millar 
Place, Edinburgh, denies four 
specimen counts of causing 
death by reckless driving. 

Mentioned in the charges 
are Mr Christopher Ryder, 
aged 39, of Church Street 
Stockport; Mr John Pidduck, 
aged 61, of Cherry Tree Lane, 
Balemo, Midlothian; Mr 

Mr John Bonnymam Could 
give no explanation. 

Colin Jobson, aged 29, of 
Rosehill Road. Wall send. 
Tyne-and-Wear, and Mr Wil- 
fred Oxley, aged 29. of 
Tran well Close, Pegswood, 

Mr William Waldron, QC, 
for the prosecution, told how 
the coach, carrying *12 pas- 
sengers from Edinburgh to 
London, was in the centre lane 
in a steady flow of traffic. 

Roadworks were in progress 
ahead, and as a result the 
nearside and centre lanes were 
dosed off. 

There was a gradual build- 
up of vehicles although there 
was good visibility for more 
than half a mile. 

He said: “As he approached 
this tailback in the centre lane 
he continued without any 
appreciable slackening of 
speed. As if completely un- 
aware of the stationary or 
slow-moving vehicles ahead, 
he drove his coach with great 
violence, travelling at a speed 
of around 60 mph.” 

A Fiesta car in front was 
knocked out of its path and 
burst into flames. Two people 
inside survived the impact but 
were burnt to death when it 
caught fire. 

The coach carried on strik- 
ing other vehicles before veer- 
ing upwards and coming down 
on top of two cars which were 
trapped beneath it 

More vehicles were hit be- 
fore the single-deck coach 
came to rest pointing towards 
the hard shoulder. But three 
i died when it caught 
trapping them inside. 

Mr Waldron said: “It has to 
be said that this accident and 
the death and devastation it 
brought about was caused by 
the reckless driving of the 

He said that about IS 
vehicles were involved in the 

crash and 11 of them were 
completely destroyed. 

The jury was told that Mr 
Bonnyman would probably 
have died as well but for the 
heroism of a passing lorry 
driver, who pulled him un- 
conscious from the blazing 

When questioned at the 
Royal Preston Hospital 10 
days after the crash, Mr 
Bonnyman could throw very 
little light on the accident, and 
could not recollect noticing 
any congestion, vehicles slow- 
ing down, or hazard lights. 

“I saw something wrong in 
my nearside mirror and about 
three cars alongside me on my 
nearside. 1 was braking then. It 
was all so confusing. I couldn't 
get it to stop, that's all.” Mr 
Bonnyman, an experienced 
driver who was severely 
burny, said. 

Asked for an explanation, 
he told police: *Tm sorry I 
can't give you an explan- 

Mr Waldron told the court 
“There is no reason why 
anyone who was looking and 
paying attention could not 
have seen what was happening 
ahead and could not have 
stopped, not once but several 
times over. 

“But unlik e any other road 
user going south on that road 
at the time, the defendant 
appeared to have been com- 
pletely oblivious of the traffic 
ahead, ft is as if he was 
unaware there was anything 
whatsoever on the .road. 

“ft will be natural for the 
defendant's position to arouse 
sympathy. But he drove at foil 
speed into the back of sta- 
tionary or near-stationary traf- 
fic without being aware of it 
until he was on top of them,” 
he added. 

The trial is expected to last 
two weeks. 

Survival dive in a dinner jacket 


John Barry, former Marine, successful mountaineer, and leading member of last year's K2 
expedition, swallow diving down a rope from an 11-storey bonding in Easton, London, to cat 
a tape and open an appropriately named Survival Shop (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Sale room 

Art market goes 
into top gear for 
autumn season 

By Geraldine Norman. Sale Room Correspondent 

Auction records were falling 
like ninepins across two conti- 
nents yesterday, as the art 
market' moved' into top gear 
for the autuma high season. 

Highlights included Pop An 
wall paintings for a large room 
by James Rosenquisi at 
$2,090,000 ( 
S600.000-S800.000) or 
£1.441.379 at Sotheby's. New 
York: 1.870.000 Swiss francs 
(unpublished estimate I m frs) 
or £763,265 for a jewel en- 
crusted snuff-box made (or 
Frederick the Great of Prussia 
at Christie’s in Geneva, and 
£52.800 (estimate £15,000- 
£20,000) for a depiction of a 
comfortable Edwardian in- 
terior. “Breakfast Time” by 
Harold Speed. 

The Harold Speed picture 
had been sold from the estate 
of the artist's daughter at Fox 
and Sons of Worthing in July 
for £7.560. thus making a 
comfortable profit for the 
astute dealer who bought iL 

Contemporary paintings 
from the estate of Robert 
C.Scull was the big event in 
New York. totalling 
£5.464.914. with only two lots 

Scull ran a New York taxi 
firm called “Scull's Angels” 
and began collecting contem- 
porary art in the late 1 950s. He 
homed in successively on 
Abstract Expressionism, Pop 
Art and Minimalist Art, get- 
ting in ahead of the market 

The sale of 50 pictures from 
his collection at Sotheby's in 
1973 put contemporary paint- 
ings on the auction map and 
for the first lime auction 
prices ran ahead of dealers' 
and the auction market has 
not looked back 

The Tuesday night sale 

broke nine records for in- 
dividual artists, including a 
Jasper Johns drawing at 
$880,000 (estimate $350,000- 
$450,000) or £606.897. 

The new Andy Warhol 
record looked positively cheap 
bv comparison — a mere 
$385,000 (estimate $175,000- 
$225,000) or £265,517 for a 
canvas covered with 200 one 
dollar bills. 

In London. Sotheby's got 
the biggest total yet for a sale 
of modem British paintings at 
£1,868.945. with 16 per cent 

M minings was the most 
expensive artist on offer, but 
the n..«v auction records in- 
cluded Stanhope Forbes at 
£67.100 (estimate £20.000- 
£30.000). Sir John Lavery at 
£59.400 (estimate £30,00- 
£40,000), Harold Harvey at 
£50.600 (estimate £25.000- 
£35,000) and Jack Butler 
Yeats at £35,200 (estimate 

As if that was not enough, 
Sotheby's managed to secure a 
new auction price record for a 
historic woodwind instrument 
when a bass recorder by Peter 
Bressan of London, dating 
from the early eighteenth cen- 
tury. sold for £31 ,900 (es- 
timate £15.000-£20,000). 

In Geneva Christie's sold a 
south German astronomical 
table clock of about 1 570 for 
528,000 Swiss francs 

The round clock'has a gilt- 
bronze case embellished in 
high relief with a frieze of 
Orpheus charming the ani- 
mals with his music. Only 
nine are known. 

Sotheby's Geneva silver 
sale made £640,018 with 18 
per cent unsold. 



to drug’ 

A terminal cancer patient 
who died two days after 
allegedly being given a mas- 
sive overdose of drugs ob- 
jected to the doctor about the 
size of the dose, Leeds Crown 
Court was to/d yesterday. 

Mr Ronald Mawson was 
often told by Dr John Carr, 
accused of attempting to mur- 
der him, to come to terms with 
his disease, it was alleged. 

And Mr Mawson s wife. 
Marjorie, in the witness box. 
said Dr Carr would often “pat 
him and say are you going to 
accept it?”. 

Mrs Mawson said Dr Can- 
told her it would be a blessing 
if her husband died peacefully 
in his sleep. 

Mr Mawson began to dislike 
the doctor because “be was 
not cheering him up and was 
asking him to concentrate too 
much on the disease,” she 

Mr Bernard Hargrove, QC 
for the defence, said Dr Gut 
had no bedside manna-, as 
some people would describe iL 
“He is a man with a very blunt 
manner,” he said. 

Dr Carr, aged 59, of Branch 
Road, Lower Wortley, Leeds, 
denies the attempted murder 
of Mr Mawson, a retired 
engineer from Fawcett Road, 

Mrs Mawson said that Dr 
Carr arrived uninvited about 
11 . 1 5pm the day after her 
husband returned from a 
Leeds hospice and injected 
him in the top of his leg with 

Mr Mawson was heard to 
say: “I think you've given me 
a "blooming big double dose 
there, haven't you?” 

Mr Mawson, who was di- 
agnosed as having inoperable 
lung cancer in January 1985,- 
died two days after the injec- 
tion. in August 1985, at 
Wheatfields Hospice, Leeds. 
When cross-examined by Mr 
Hargrove, Mrs Mawson said 
her husband was forgetful 
confused and agitated when he 
returned home. The case 

wins libel 

Kenny Ball the jazz mu- 
sician, won “substantial” libel 
damages in the High Court 
yesterday over allegations 
concerning a financial dispute 
with his former wife, Betty. 

. Mr BaU, aged 56, was 
reported to have merited the 
hatred of his family by his 
response to bis former wife's 
claims and had misled the 
court about the state of his 
finances, his counsel, Mr 
Geoffrey Shaw, said. 

The couple, who married in 
1952, were divorced in Octo- 
ber 1980. After a private court 
bearing into financial matters 
in March 1984, The Sun 
newspaper published an “ex- 
clusive” article about the 

Mr Shaw said there was no 
truth in the allegations which 
were made to a .reporter 
outside court 

Mr Ball sued for libel to 
vindicate his reputation. 

Mr Andrew Mooson, for 
News Group Newspapers, 
publishers of The Sun, said 
they unreservedly apologized 
and accepted that his conduct 
in defending his wife's finan- 
cial claims was not open to 

Death fall 

A woman survived fra an 
hour yesterday after foiling 
200ft from the Clifton suspen- 
sion bridge over the Avon 
Gorge at BristoL 
She was still breathing when, 
firemen recovered her from 
the muddy banks of the river 
Avon but she died shortly 
afterwards in Bristol Royal 

New presenter 

Caren Keating, daughter of 
the television and radio pre- 
senter, Gloria Hunniford, who 
is ibe former presenter of a 
television show for teenagers 
in Belfast started a new job as 
co-presenter of the BBC’s Blue 
Peter show yesterday. 

Maxwell libel case 

Ingrams says Eye 
is not malicious 

‘jehard Ingrams, for- 
itor of Private Eye, 
in the High Court 
y that the satirical 
le was “in the business 
jying reputations”. 

■ accepted that anyone 
jears in Private Eye is 

0 have “something 
table” said about 

as giving evidence on 
th day of the claim by 
blisher. Mr Robert 

1 for libel damages 
j articles in the maga- 

July last year. The 
ie alleged he acted as 
Kjnnock's paymaster 
empt to buy a peerage, 
grams told Mr Justice 
frown and a jury that 
jazine would “have a 
it thought somebody 
ring one thing and 

ugh he accepted the 
e’s policy could be 
i and be damned”, it 

was never intentionally ma- 
licious — people just had 
“their leg pulled”. 

He denied it was the policy 
to risk using stories other 
papers would not touch, hop- 
ing people would not sue. 

Mr In grams estimated 20 
per cent of Private Eye's 
income was spent on defend- 
ing libel anions. But that did 
not prove they set out to 
publish libels. He said any 
magazine that did would 
quickly “shut up shop”. 

He added that the reason 
circulation of the Daily Mirror 
dropped by 600,000 when Mr 
Maxwell took over was be- 
cause it was filled with “mani- 
fest humbug and rubbish”. 

Mr Ingrams and the 
magazine's publishers. Press- 
dram Lid, deny libel and 
counter claim libel damages 
over an article in the Daily 
Minor which described them 
as "The Puhlic Lie”. 

The hearing continues. 

Every day, Reed Paper and Board's mill at AyJesfard 
in Kent produces enough newsprint for 2 million 
newspapers. As well as Reed Newsprint, the 
Aylesfoiri mill also manufactures vast quantities of 
paper and board for the corrugated case industry. 

All the feat and steam for the paper-making 
machines and the extensive papermill complex is 
now provided by boilers using British coal. 

Five Babcock fluidised bed boilers, each rated at 
65,000 lb of steam/hr. are at the heart of a totally 
new plant with integrated coal and ash handling. 

Asked why coal was preferred to oil, Reed Paper 
and Board’s Director of Purchasing Michael Gadd 
comments: 'Hie present low price of oil highlights 
its biggest problem. Continual price fluctuation 
makes long-term cost planning impossible ’fes, the 
price is down today, but sooner or later it will 
bounce back up again. Wfe cannot live with that 
kind of situation, "metical planning isn't for us - for 

apital-intensive industries such as paper making, 
we must plan strategically over the next decade 
<\nd for that we need the price stability of coal'. 

Reed Paper and Board, like many other forward- 
linking companies, have turned toBritishCoal when 
it comes to an important investment in the future. 

\c± now for real help with conversion costs 
A Government Grant Scheme currently supports 
inversion to coal by providing up to 25 % of the 
eligible capita] costs. Loans at favourable terms 
including deferred repayments) are also available 
from the European Coal and Steel Community. 

rhe plant and the technolog y 
Industrial requirements can be met from a 
comprehensive range of packaged or purpose 
designed units with a variety of boiler and furnace 
types and ratings, all backed by a British Coal 
free technical service. Modem coal plant is folly 

automatic with completely enclosed handling -a 
concept that meets the economic and aesthetic 
needs of the UK's leading industrial companies. 

A final word from Malcolm Edwards. British 
Coal's Commercial Director: ‘No other source of 
energy can match British Coal's supply and pricing 
profile The Government Grant Scheme which isn't 
due to end until mid-1987. can make converting to 
coal one of the soundest investments your 
company has ever made. The time to talk is now'. 

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Doubts on cost 
mar French 
joy over release 
of hostages 

While France greeted the 
return of two more of its 
hostages with delight yes- 
terday, many people were 
d emanding to know what 
price the Government had 
paid for their release. 

Few believe that some sort 
of a deal has. not been struck, 
and that more deals will be 
required to get the remaining 
five hostages out of Beirut. 

M Jean- Bernard Raimond, 
the Foreign Minister, has al- 
ready announced that France 
has finally reached a settle- 
ment with Iran over the highly 
contentious problem of the 
repayment of the $1 billion 
(£700 million) loan made by 
the Sbah to the French Atomic 
Energy Commission in 1974. 

M Raimond said that he 
and his Iranian counterpart 
were ready to sign an agree- 
ment for the first instalment of 
that payment "within the next 
few days”. 

He declined to comment on 
whether the settlement was 
linked to the liberation of 
more French hostages, insist- 
ing that the "normalization” 
of r elati ons with Iran would 
have taken place even if there 
were no hostages. 

While the two French hos- 
tages released on Tuesday had 
been held by the Organization 
of Revolutionary justice, a 
Lebanese Sbia group with 
dose links with Syria, at least 
three of the remaining five 
hostages are being held by the 
Islamic Jihad, a pro-Iranian 
Muslim group. Iran's support, 
as well as that of Syria, is 
therefore considered yitdL 

In this context, observers 
were interested to note that M 
Jacques Chirac, the Prime 
Minister, thanked hot only 
Syria and Algeria for their help 
in obtaining the release of the 
two French hostages, but also 
Saudi Arabia which had not 
previously been known to be 
Involved. Saudi Arabia has 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

recently undertaken a 
rapprochement with Iran. 

On Monday, just before 
France approved the package 
of anti-Syrian measures pro- 
posed by Britain to its EEC 
partners, the official Iranian 
radio put out a broadcast 
praising the "intelligent 
policy” pursued in the Middle 
East by M Chirac, who, it said, 
had "unproved relations with 
Tehran and Damascus”. 

The radio criticized "the 
attitude of the French Social- 
ists and of President Mitt- 
errand, who are trying to 
neutralize the efforts of M 
Chirac , and those of the 
United States and Great 
Britain.” Both Britain and the 
US have been selling arms to 

Syria has also been praising 
M Chirac's attitude toward the 
Middle East. "Not for a long 
time have relations with 
France been so good,” Mr 
Ami! Choueri, the Syrian 
Charge cf Affaires in Paris. said* 

One of the hostages, M 
Marcel Coudari, aged 54, 
raised hopes of the liberation 
of more French hostages when 
he announced on his return to 
France: "Certain things are 
going to happen soon”. 

Seventeen hostages are still 
being held in Beirut, including 
two Britons, seven Americans, 
five Frenchmen, one Irish- 
man, an Italian, and a South 

Asked in Parliament yes- 
terday about the liberation of 
the two hostages, M Chirac 
said that their release had been 
obtained “without giving 
away anything which would 
be contrary to our honour and 
to our ideals ... We have not 
allowed any aims sales with 
Iran, nor carried out any of the 
undertakings made by the 
Socialist Government 
concerning arms sales to 

Poindexter faces calls 
for his resignation 

From Michael Bin yon, Washington 

' As the controversy over 
secret US arms sales to Iran 
grows, increasing public 
Name is being laid on Admiral 
John Poindexter, the National 
Security Adviser, with news- 
papers and commentators 
calling for his reagnation. 

The White House yesterday 
was obliged to emphasize that 
Presklent Reagan still had full 
confidence in the man who 
masterminded and directed 
the contacts with Iran. 

But in foe fece of congres- 
sional calls for Mr Poindexter 
to testify on foe affair, senior 
White House officials are 
angry and embarrassed and 
have suggested that Mr 
Reagan will invoke executive 
privilege to prevent any 
disclosures by one of the most 
shadowy figures in his Admin- 

This, however, has foiled to 
stem the criticism of the 
council and foe way it has 
been run by Mr Poindexter 
since he took over from Mr 
Robert McFariane 1 1 months 

Congressmen and the press 
say the council has abused its 
power and engaged in an 
increasing number of high- 
risk harebrained operations. 

*T- - .v y ; - 

, • 

Dr Yuri Orlov, foe freed Soviet dissident, speaking to the 
European Parliament in Strasbourg. 

Orlov appeals for 
European support 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 

It is a long way from the. foe Russians accepted strict, 
lab our camps of foe Urals and watertight conditions on who 
exile in Siberia to the fteshpots could take part 
of Strasbourg, but Dr Yuri Otherwise the conference 
Orlov, the Soviet dissident woa u be a stage-managed 
physicist, yesterday managed ^ ]j nes 0 f the 

ranging from secret involve- 
ment with US mercenaries 
fighting against Nicaragua to 
the _ “disinformation" 1 cam- 
paign against Libya and the 
Iran operation. 

The finger of blame has 
been pointed squarely at Mr 
Poindexter, who admitted this 
week that be had “mis- 
calculated” on whom to trust 
in ban. 

As one columnist in The 
Washington Post put it yes- 
terday: "Reagan’s legendary 
luck ran out Where were his 
advisers in the White House, 
whose job it is to tell him that 
be can’t live on luck alone? 
Whose job is it to watch the 
radar? Miscalculation is not a 
hang ing offence, but it is a 
resigning one”. 

Even Mr Robert McFar- 
iane. who has steadily refused 
to give foe details erf* his visits 
to ban. has reportedly called 
on Mr Poindexter to speak out 
and give foe full facts. 

That, however, would be 
out of keeping with Mr 
Poindexter's, mode of opera- 
tion. Since joining foe council 
in 1981 he has resolutely 
avoided publicity and press 
contacts making a name for 
himself as an "insider’s 

only just over a month after 
his unexpected release. 

A frail, dimin utive figure of 
62. his care-lined face topped 
with a shock of straw coloured 
hair, Dr OrioY launched an 
eloquent plea to Euro MPsio 
ensure that Europe puts as 
much pressure on Moscow as 
the United Stales over human 
rights abuses. 

Earlier, as be tucked into 
such unfamiliar delicacies as 
fillet de boeuf en croute and 
mousse giacee Grand Marnier , 

Phimb nominated; 

Sir Henry Plumb, formes lead- 
er of foe National Farmers 
Union and now leader of foe 
Conservatives in the European 
Parliament, was formally 
nominated yesterday as foe 
Tory grasp's candidate for foe 
presidency of foe Parimraeat 
(Richard Owen writes from 
Strasbourg). The present 
President, M Pierre Pffimlin, 
is nearly 80 and is dne to step 
' down next month. The 
presidential contest takes 
place hi January. 

he recounted with matter of 
i feet detachment the diet of. 
dried fish, dry bread and sugar 
lumps wrapped in newspaper 
given to Soviet prisoners dur- 
ing foe month-long transfer 
from one labour camp to 
another, ot to exile in Siberia. 
Euro MPs paused in mid 

He warned the West not to 
accept the Soviet proposal — 

I advanced last week at the 
Vienna conference on Euro- 
pean security, attended by Dr 
Orlov — for a human rights 
conference in Moscow unl e ss 

with dissidents kept well away 
or deported outside Moscow 
and with the stress on the lack 
of social and economic rights 
in foe West rather than foe 
Gulag. It was “a typical Soviet 
diplomatic manoeuvre*’. 

Dr Oriov was invited to the 
European Parliament by Con- 
servative MEPs led by Lord . 
Beihell, MEP for London; 
North-West • 

Accompanied by Mr Vladi- 
mir Bukovsky, who won his : 
freedom 10 years ago. Dr 
Orlov said he was grateful to 
all European politicians and to 
fellow scientists who cam- 
paigned for his release, which 
came about on October 5 as 
part of the Soviet-American : 
deal which ended the Dani- 
loff-Zakharo v affair. 

He said the struggle on 
behalf of other dissidents most 
not cease and must be con- 
ducted in a blaze of publicity 
as well as behind the scenes 
diplomacy. The West must 
insist on a direct link between 
human rights and security 

Dr Oriov, who was arrested 
in 1977 for founding the 
Moscow-Helsinlri Monitoring 
Group, accused the left in 
Europe of failing to campaign . 
for human rights in Russia. 

Asked if Russia under Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sov- 
iet leader, was moving toward > 
democratization. Dr Orlov 1 
said there was greater freedom | 
of foe press but foe lade of 
human rights was unchanged. 

It was too early to assess Mr 
Gorbachov: he dad not appear 
to have a personal interest in 
human rights, and was be- 
holden to foe KGB. 

The Royal visit to Oman 

Meeting the ‘coeds’ who never mix 

From Alan HamRton, Muscat, Oman 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales yesterday visited foe 
Sultan of Oman's dream In the 
desert, a dream which almost 
became a nightmare two years 
ago when foe name of Mr 
Mark Thatcher was dragged 
through foe sweet air of one of 
Britain’s biggest overseas 
construction projects like an 
old kipper. 

Qaboos University is a 
megalopolis of blindix^y 
bright cream concrete that 
springs from foe sand in the 
middle of nowhere, a cross 
between Milton Keynes with 
sunshine and foe film set for a 
space odyssey. Despite brief 
allegations that foe Prime 
Minister had nsed her son as a 
consultant to lobby unfairly 
for foe contract, it was bmlt to 
time and on budget by foe 
British construction company 

Every day to the USA. 

Non-stop to Newark, Los Angeles, 
Houston, Dallas/Ft.' VObrth, Atlanta.* 

See your travel agent for details. 

* Daily. service to Atlanta jointly operated by 
British Caledonian and Sabe na using a Sabena B747. 

British p Caledonian 

We never forget you have a choice. 

first 548 students in Septem- 
ber of this year . 

With a final estimated cost 
of £360 mflUoa, foe university 
is one of foe largest building 
projects in foe Middle East 
and certainly the largest ever 
undertaken in Oman, a bold 
effort by the Sultan to prevent 
the cream of Ms youth going 

Built on foe desert equiva- 
lent of a green-field site, 
undergraduate life however 
bears little relation to that at 
Bath, or Sussex, or Stirling, as 
the Prince and Princess 

In an Islamic nation, albeit a 
moderate one, it was regarded 
as a bold step to allow both 
sexes on foe same campas, and 

foe academic staff speak of 
some initial reservation among 
Oman's comitryfoik about 
sending their daughters there. 
One third of the undergrade 
nate population is female, hot 
the countryfolk may rest easy. 

Men and women eat and 
sleep in separate residencies 
on opposite tides of the cam- 
pus, and in doss the men sit at 
foe front whQe foe women sit 
separately at the back. Even 
wanting between classes they 
are segregated. The boys 
keeping to foe ground floor 
and the girls to the upper 
storey, and the staircases are 
so designed that they cannot 
set eyes on each other. 

Asked what would happen if 
fraternization were discovered 
or suspected, Professor Geo- 
rge Ga meli n, formerly of Saf- 

Cnnl llnnardfv and IVn. 

of Science at Qaboos, replied 
cautiously: "We would have to 
speak to fodr parents.” Afrag 
aFAdawi, a 19-year-old fe- 
male science student, was 
more forthright: "We don’t do 
that; it's against ms religion. 
If a man wants as, he goes 
straight to our parents and 
asks for os. We can always 

Which raises the question of 
what fob students do at week- 
ends. At least part of the 
answer, according to Professor 
Gamelin, is "wadi-bashing", 
which involves punishing a 
four-wheel drive vehicle over 
foe rough ground of dried-up 

The university is largely 

staffed by British academes, 
including a Dean of Medicine, 
Dr GO Hesefrme -from Not- 
tingham and a squad of agri- 
culture lecturers from Aber- 
deen. The proportion of 
Omanis will rise as they 
become qualified, and as foe 
university bwBds up to its full 
compliment of 3,000 under- 

In response to foe inevitable 
Thatcher question, academic 
staff said it was now “a 
thoroughly dead duck”, and 
they were enthusiastic in then- 
praise for the budding, which 
faces Mecca with a magni- 
ficent mosque at its eastern 
end and no down-town life . 

The Prince and . Princess, 
growing more a cc us tome d to a 
for greater degree of heat than 
they had been ted to expect. 

appeareo nmtv, «au w 

Prince in particular was in 
jovial mood.' .The IVincess did 
bar best to look interested us 
the piaa of foe unfrereity was 
explained to her, down- to the 
siting of foe car paths, but she 
was in her element when she 
^ down with a giggling gnnqt 
of girl students, accepted a 
coffee, and discussed under- 
graduate life. 

Both assured soUdtocs 
enquirers foal they were bear- 
ing up in foe heat, bat never- 
theless two am balances have 
been added to their motorcade. 

Fears that foe Prince might 
dissolve in a puddle of sweat 
later in the day were dispelled 
when a cooling breeze blew 
across foe packed sand Ditch 

at the Royal Oman Polo Chib, 
whose team managed to thrash 
foe Prince's side at Windsor 
last year. The loudspeakers 
played Handel's Water Mask, 
a curious choke for the desert 1 
and the Arabic commentator 
constantly referred to the 
Royal player as "Amir 
Charles”, and his principal 
spectator as “Amira Diana”. 

The Prince, looking exceed- 
ingly flushed, played a Mock- 
ing game and scored ose goal, 
while his polo manager and 
team-mate. Major Ronald 
Ferguson, father of foe Duch- 
ess of Yon, managed to whack 
one to to end 3-3 lewd with foe 
opposition of two Omanis and 
two expatriate Britons. 

It was not foe Prince’s 
happiest game. At the end of 
each chukka be was qmdtiy 
inspected by a doctor for heat 

crrnlcp- bp iwvnMl * Mb 

smack on the wrist from aa 
opposition mallet, and his 
stirrup brake. The prize of a 
Waterford Crystal vase, bb 
eritaMy named foe Sultan' 
Qaboos Trophy, was awarded 
to foe opposition despite foe 
draw, oo the grounds that they 
had won it at Windsor and 
therefore retained it Major 
Ferguson was presented with a 
Khanjar, a traditional carved 
silver dagger, while foe Prince 
was presented with a silver 
coffee pot and a Mss, by his 

It was a display of intimacy 
that had he been an un- 
married undergraduate at 
Qaboos University, would 
lave bad him sent dowH.on foe 


Swiss take blame 
for toxic spill 

Under pressure 

Swflzerfagd anmwmsd it 

regulations regarding Igoc- by foe 

ST’OT S5& 'AT* 

Although foe Swiss have ucceprao 

* HStoL P SaTtosS«ady estimated foe ^cosf of the 
damage would amount to -miBwaso. dollars - 

Arafat Sex ads 

on air barred 

Behat — Mr Yasmr Arafet 
of the Palestine 
Liberation Organization 
and the tori” force behind 
foe Palestinian guerrilla 
revival at Lebanon, made 
his first, strategic appear- 
ance on Lebanese tele- 
vision hi metre than four 
years yesterday. 

He made a scathing at- 
tack os the Syrian Govern- 
ment, its allies, the Sbia 
Amal nrifitia. and Israel. 

Delhi (Reuter)- The upper 
house of the Indian Par- 
liament vestertfoy ap- 
proved a Bill barring foe 
use of women as "sex 
symbols” in advertise- 
ments, television commer- 
cials and publications. 

The measure bars the 
“indecent or derogatory 
commercial representation 
of women, and bars public- 
ation and sale of offending 

Teaching in Basque 

Madrid - Spam’s constitutional comt has upheld foe 
Basque Government’s provisions for giving focal children 
an education in Enskera, foe Basque language, and 
approved giving money and official status to it (Richard 
W eg writes). 

In a judgment significantly upholding the autonomous 
regions’ responsibilities for e d uc a ti on, now transferred 
from foe central Government to the regions as part of 
devotetion, foe court rejected, the Madrid Education 
Ministry’s claim that foe Basque law governing the 
Ucartnias fBasoue hmeuzee schools) was unconstitutional. 

Kohl: No £271,000 
apology stamp 

' Bonn (Reuter) — Chan- 
cellor Kohl of West Ger- 
many will not apologize to 
Mr Gorbachov for remarks 
in which he appeared to 
compare him to Goebbefe. 

Herr Kohl's foreign pol- 
icy adviser said the Chan- 
cellor bad already dist- 
anced himself from the 
remarks, published in 
Newsweek hist month. 

Los Angeles — An 
ahoaymens American 
industrialist has paid 
S38Q;900 (£271,000) for an 
1867 American one cent 
postage stamp— the second 
highest price ever pud for a 
saigk stamp (Ivor Davis 

it belonged to Mr Jerry 
Buss, who owns foe-hockey 
ymt basketball tems 

Mouse menace over 

Brings, Montana (AP) — A man driving on an interstate 
highway was attacked bya masse that apparently had been 
sleeping in the heater vend of Ms car and got too hot. As a 
result, Walter Miner’s car ended ap in a ditch near BiOings 
oa Monday night, aad the mdusd ended op dead. 

Patrolman Dallas Adkins said Mr Miller, aged 59, was 
driving home when foe moose sprang from foe dashboard, 
haded on iris shot and scatqpered ito inside Ms coat .That 
caused MiBer to let go of the wheel and grab for foe mouse, 
Adkins said, and he lost control of foe car and skidded off 
the road into foe snow. 

Miller was unhurt^ but the patrolman estimated there 
was $500 (£344) damage to the car and frmr highway reflec- 
tor posts. 

Three years ago ex-surgeon 
William Woodward couldn't 
even wash without help. 

. For an athlete (he rowed for Sydney Univer- 
sity, Oxford and England) and an orthopaedic 
surgeon to l?e left after a stroke unable to do 
anytlung for himself meant Bill Woodward was 
almost helpless when he came to the Royal 
Hospital and Home for Incurables. 

Beinga brave man, with a determined team of 
nurses, doctors and therapists giving concentrated 
and orchestrated care. Bill can now do most things 
for himself, even though he still can’t speak. 

We have 330 patients like Bill. Please help 
such courage and such dedication. We are a regis- 
tered charity (No. 205907) and rely on vour" 

donations, legacies and covenants. 

Our Director of Appeals is 
Captain A. D. Hutton. obe, RN |R«t\j), 

The Royal Hospital and Home for 
Incurables, Dept TTVY West Hill, U 

Putney, London SW15 3SW. ' * * • 

The Royal Hospital and 
Home for Incurables 

I*TRnNS . fount yilW:N and h \1 oft QULE\ .MOUiiiK. 


The British Gas flotation will be the largest reserve a prospectus by phoning 0272 272 272 or 
undertaken in the UK-much bigger than either by filling in the coupon. 

British Telecom or TSB. In total, over 4 billion shares 
will be offered for sale. 

About 7 million people have already registered 
their interest and tens of thousands more are domg 
so every day. If yoii haven’t done so already, you can 

r pi ease se nd me a prospectus and application form when they are published. 

(Tick) mrO MRSQ MSQ or title (Specify) 



ADDRESS (in full). 


When complete send to: British Gas Share 
^Information Office, P.O. Box 1, Bristol BS99 1BG. 

British Gas 



" 3 §*"5 . S?5?S^2?6 "§ |S g 5 *^ ^ 5? 3 8 £ ff§ S'S'B .B’P 5T 3- *5 5-3 IS r/\l 8?-3 rb? oaernksp « s « a ua a *r<; 


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L.f?*h> U.Mj * ***** " 




The Faiklands dispute 

Alfonsm to seek US 
backing on fish zone 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

President Alfonsm of Arg- 
entina is to hold talks with 
President Reagan at the White 
House next week, during 
which he will seek, a public 
declaration of support for 
Argentina in its dispute with 
Britain over fishery rights 
around the Falkland Islands. 

Bui a senior administration 
official ioW The Times that 
the US is determined not to 
offend either of the allies and 
would keep out of the dispute 
as for as possible. 

“You are certainly not going 
lo see anybody shuttling be- 
tween Buenos Aires and 
London,” he said. “We do not 
want to get in the middle of 
this one.” 

Privately, however, some 
officials said the Administra- 

tion was upset that Britain’s 
action had forced it into such a 
difficult diplomatic corner. 
An Argentine government of- 
ficial said yesterday that Presi- 
dent Alfonsin. who will 
probably meet Mr Reagan on 
Monday, would seek to per- 
suade £he United Slates “to 
return to the fold” by publicly 
supporting Argentina. 

There is dear delight among 
Argentine diplomats that the 
US has steadily moved away 
from its strong support of 
Britain after the Argentine 
invasion of the Faiklands in 
1982. The US policy of neu- 
trality is widely interpreted in 
Latin America as a move 
towards the Argentine pos- 
ition and as an attempt to 
mend fences with the southern 

President Alfonsin, who 
will be in the US for four days, 
has held private talks with Mr 
George Shultz, the Secretary 
of State, at the meeting of the 
Organization of American 
States (OAS) in Guatamala 
City this week. Argentine 
officials said they were de- 
lighted at their outcome, de- 
tails of which are not known. 

Argentine diplomats are de- 
lighted that Mr Shultz voted 
with the other 50 OAS foreign 
ministers on Tuesday for a 
resolution criticizing Britain 
for its declaration of a fisheries 
conservation area around the 
Faiklands. It foil short of an 
outright condemnation of i 
Britain but said that the action 
had injected new tension into 
the volatile Faiklands 

OAS tackles peace deadlock 

The Organization of Ameri- 
can States (OAS) yesterday 
debated a draft resolution on 
the Central American conflict 
in an effort to break the 
deadlock on the Contadora 
Group's peace proposals. 

Having successfully passed 
a consensus resolution on the 
Falkland Islands crisis late on 
Tuesday, the 31-member 
states are now tackling the 
complex and divisive problem 
ofescalatmg war in Nicaragua. 

After two days of private 
meetings, the foreign min- 
isters of the Contadora couo- 

From Martha Honey, Guatemala City 

meat and open conflict be- 
tween Nicaragua and its pro- 
US neighbours. Observers 

tries of Mexico, Panama, 
Venezuela and Colombia, and 
the Support Group countries 
of Argentina, Brazil. Uruguay 
and Peru submitted a draft 
resolution tacitly condemning 
US policy in Central America. 
It read: “The worsening of the 
Central American crisis could 
unleash sharp tensions and 
conflicts across the con- 

Many Latin- American dip- 
lomats here express fear of a 
full-scale war in Nicaragua, 
believing that it could lead to 
direct US military involve- 

Mafia lawyers accuse 
minister of perjury 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The ill-feted mass trial of discussed the subject of the 

have noted the presence of a 
number of high-ranking mili- 
tary officers from the US and 
Central American countries at 
this year's OAS meeting. 

The draft resolution states 
that “it is imperative to avoid 
war in Central America", and 
-urges all countries “directly or 
indirectly involved in the 
conflict” to work towards a 
negotiated settlement under 
the auspices of the Contadora 

alleged Mafia criminals 
terday took another turn when 
lawyers representing the fam- 
ily of murdered General Carlo 
Alberto Dalla Chiesa, the 
prefect of Palermo, requested 
that Signor Giulio Andreotti, 
the Foreign Minister, be 
charged with 'false testimony. 

The request came after Si- 
gnor Andreotti told the court, 
which had moved from Pa- 
lermo to Rome to hear the 
evidence of three government 
members, that he had not 

Mafia and politics with the 
general shortly before he be-, 
came prefect. 

His evidence was contrary 
to an entry in the general's 
diary in which he wrote that 
he mid told Signor Andreotti 
that he would nave no regard 
for the minister’s Christian 
Democrat followers in Sicily 
in his fight against the Mafia. 

The request for. charging 
Signor Andreotti will now go 
to the Public Prosecutor’s 
Office in Palermo. 

Brasilia attempts to halt economic melt-down 

From Mac Margolis 
Rio de Janeiro 

Growing distortions in the 
Brazilian economy, such as 
creeping inflation, a binge in 
consumer baying, and a 
flourishing Hack market, have 
threatened to undo the coun- 
try's nine-month-old economic 
reform and forced the hand of 
President Sarney. 

On the eve of important 
nationwide elections for Par- 
liament and state governors, 
officials in Brasilia have pre- 
pared a battery of adjust- 
ments, to be implemented soon 
after Saturday's vote. 

Now, for the second time in 
time months, businessmen and 

consumers are bracing them- 
selves for yet another major 
economic pacote, or package. 
The mood here appears to be a 
mixture of worried anticipa- 
tion and relief. 

The major reforms, yet to be 
officially announced, will re- 
portedly include a hike in 
residential rates for public 
utilities (gas, electricity and 
telephone), and higher sales 
taxes for some consumer 

Hie adjustments are being 
called “Phase Two” of the 
Cruzado Plan, the inflation- 
fighting plan named after a 
new currency which earlier 
this year replaced the infla- 
tion-battered cruzeiro. 

In July, the Government 
imposed a series of surtaxes 
and "compulsory loans” an 
petrol and automobile pur- 
chases, but the measures did 
little to contain a frenzied 
consumer spending spree or to 
rein in government spending. 

This time, to curb the 
burgeoning pnbGc deficit, the 
Government will probably 
phase out massive subsidies on 
wheat; which cost Brasilia 
$13hfllhm(abont£l billion) a 

Government economists are 
also studying a change in the 
formula for calculating infla- 
tion, which reached 2 per cent 
last month, the highest rate 
since the Cruzado Plan was 

implemented. Fiscal measures 
are planned to persuade 
Brazilians to save instead of 
spend money. 

The Cruzado Plan, which 
froze prices and ended auto- 
matic wage adjustments for 
inflation, has been hailed as a 
blow against a legacy of 200 
plus per cent inflation and 
rampant monetary specula- 
tion. In the first months of the 
plan, inflation was negfiMe 
and Brazilians patrolled the 
supermarket aisles like vol- 
untary price inspectors. 

Recently, however, file plan 
has shown i ncreasing strains, 
in put because of its my 
success. The economy is grow- 
ing at the rate of 8 per cent this 

year, and industry has ex- 
panded by 15 per cent. 

Nearly a million jobs have 
been created this year and 
■niinM have Managed to nego- 
tiate sub stan tial salary In- 

All .tills has put more money 
In consumers* pockets and 
sent them on a record buying 

Shopkeepers have taken 
advantage of the demand and 
slapped on a Hack market 
sm eh ar ge of up to double the 
legal price. 

The chief risk of these 
Phase Two adjustments is a 
resurgence of inflation, which 
could stir stiff opposition 
among labour moons. 

down who 
on death 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

Ann era's once resident 
down, Lins Enrique Moreno, 

has rfy m yrf his makft -np and 

his act Once known as 
"Sonrisai” (“Smiley”) these 
days be calls himself “Lagr- 
imUas” (“Little Tear Drops”). 

The race that used to fight 
up with hilarity is now locked 
in despair. His greasepaint is a 
cadaverous grey with large 
pear-shaped teats pencilled m 
on his cheeks. His act focuses 
on the Hack humour of death. 

Senor Moreno, aged 30. is a 
survivor and symbol of the 
volcanic eruption in Colom- 
bia that, a year ago today, 
triggered flash-floods and mud 
avalanches which wiped the 
town of Annero off the map. 

The exact death toll will 
never be known, but it 
have readied 27,000, 
mg to a new official report. 

Setter Moreno, who used to 
perform at children's parties, 
has been touring encamp- 
ments of fellow-survivors. 
His aim is to prove that 
“death did not triumph at 

Despite the millions of dol- 
lars in national and inter- 
national aid that poured in the 
great majority of survivors 
remain homeless, unemp- 
loyed and desperate because 
of bureaucratic chaos. 

on debts 

From Robert FSslc 

In what amounted to a 
declaration of financial in- 
dependence, President 
Mubarak yesterday promised 
to pay back Egypt’s enormous 
debts to overseas creditors, 
but refused to countenance 
foreign “interference” in 
Egypfs economy, indicating 
that he would refuse to cut 
food subsidies or institute 
realistic exchange rates for the 
Egyptian pound. 

The International Monetary 
Fund — which has demanded 
just such measures in return 
fora billion dollar credit — is, 
however, unlikely to have set 
much, store by the speech; 
bankers know that Mr 
Mubarak is likely to work 
towards these goals - 

Egypt, the President told the 
new session of file Egyptian 
Parliament in Cairo, would 
repay its debts , on time bin 
acknowledged that ' the 
country’s annual population 
increase of one and a half 
milli on people was an obstacle 
to economic progress. 

In his speech, which also 
marked the inauguration of 
his new Cabinet, Mr Mubarak 
also condemned the Israeli 
Prime Minister’s plans to 
construct further Jewish 
settlements in the occupied 
West Bank and Gaza Strip. . 

trains in 

Moscow (Reuter) - A mms- 
ber of passengers were kilted 
w ben the Kiev-Dooetsk and 
Krivcri Rog-Kiev trams ram- 
med into each officr at the 
<qnafi station of KoriSovka 
near Kinavograd m the 
Ukraine early an Novembers 

The public prosecutor has 
started an investigation mto 
the cause of the crash, which 
involved toman casualties, 
Tass said- No further details 
were immediately available. 

Looking too 
far ahead 

Belgrade (Renter) — With 
inflati on in Yugoslavia run- 
ning at more than 90 per cent, 
the Belgrade daily Pp/atka 
reports that a man m the 
Serbian town of Pirot has 
bought a coffin because be was 

af r ai d it would be tOO CXpCO- 

ave by the tune he needed iL 

A coffin costs 50,000 dinars 
(£82). about an average 
monthly Yugoslav pay check. 

Sun’s people 

Peking (Renter) — The gov- 
ernments of China and Tai- 
wan both marked the 120th 
anniversary iff Sun Yat-sen, 
the man who founded repub- 
lican China, and both 
claimed, as always, to be his 
true successors. 

Car killing 

Caserta (AP) — Gunmen 
firing from a car killed four 
local underworld figures and 
wounded a fifth yesterday 
outside a building site. 

Crow halt 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Two of 
Japan’s super-fes! long-dis- 
tance “bullet” trains were 
stopped dead in their tracks 
yesterday, apparently because 
a crow caused a short circuit. 

Tonga trip 

Td Aviv (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Herzog of Israel wiD 
make a stop *h« week in 
Tonga as part of bis 19-day 
state visit to the South Pacific. 

Trade in flesh 

Delhi (Reuter) — Indian 
police claim to have broken 
up a “flesh trade racket” 
aefling Calcutta and Bangla- 
desh factory girls to Delhi 
brothels at £1 70 apiece. 


1 ¥ v\ 

E are at a watershed in the 


evolution of the computer industry. 
With the formation of Unisys. 

the level of global computer competition 
becomes truly significant for the very 
first time.; 

Separately, the worldwide 
achievements of Sperry and Burroughs 
are renowned. 

Together as Unisys, those two fine 
global reputations are not merely added, but 
raised to a new level. To a whole new 
power: operations on every continent- 
100 countries -with nearly 60,000 
installations worth $30 billion. 

But it's a reputation still based on one 
single premise: value to the customer. 

In today s competitive global economy, 
that makes a world of difference. 


The power of 2 

*?»*•*, r 
>• ■ / 


:- ■*■■ ' , 


% '<■ '* i i u 

?* * ♦ * + * ! 
”■ ■ ♦ + + i 


: x«V: 




Cabinet votes for 
tougher laws on 
French citizenship 

From Diana Geddas, Paris 

Radical changes in the the abuse of^-mamages of 
French code of nationality, convenience”. M Albin 
aimed at limiting the number Chalandon, the Justice Min- 
or immigrants able to acquire ister. has notably claimed that 
French nationality, were ap- “ETA terrorists living in 
proved by the Cabinet yes- France are marrying French' 
ie relay despite strong criticism girls to avoid being expelled, 
from President Mitterrand. To dale, a foreigner married 
the Council of Stale, the to a French citizen and want- 
Catholic Church and human ing 19 acquire French na- 
rights groups. lionality. simply has to file a 

Under the proposed new formal request after six 
code, a person born in France months of marriage- Under 
to immigrant parents will no the new code, however, he or 
longer have the automatic she will have to go through the 
right to French citizenship on same naturalization process as 
turning 18. He will now have any ordinary immigrant, save 
to apply for citizenship be- that the normal five-year res- 
l ween the ages of 16 and 23. idence requirement will be 
Citizenship may be refused waived, 
if he has been sentenced to m Mitterrand told yest- 
more than six months’ jail; has erd ay’s Cabinet meeting that 
not become adequately “into- be "deplored” several of the 
grated into French society, measures in the proposed new 
notably through a sufficient 

El lo an' of! J-J - 

ficially designated residence He ^ president 

by the courts. inn non feared, in particular, that 

At pr^u some IOOOT -tt 0usands ofyoung, already 
people bom of immigrant lQrn ^tween two cultures. 

Sc"h"^T«r -Jf. * fijnhCT 

The proposed new code also “ HBU * _ . 

aims to end the virtually The Socialists have prom- 
automatic acquisition of ised to fight the new code 
French nationality by for- “tooth and nail" when it goes 
eigners who marrv French before Parliament, arguing 
citizens. ' that it is “inadmissable, dan- 

The Govemment says this gerous. and marked with the 
is necessary in order to stop stamp of racism”. 

^ Prom Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
. South Africa agreed yes- Pretoria was ini dally very 
teraay, after more than three reluctant to hand the box over 
* 66 b ° 8 » to release to the R ussians, claiming tha« 
the black boxes" of the. its contents could be tampered 
Tupolev TU 1 34 aircraft with so as to seem to corrobo- 
which crashed on October 19. rate allegations that President 
just inside South African tern- Machefs plane had been shot 
lory, kiUiM President Samara down or lured to its doom. 
Machel of Mozambique and After a meeting of frontline 
others. states in Maputo, the Mozam- 

Pretona has also announced bique capital, at the end of last 
that two Britons and an month, President Kaunda of 
American have accepted in- Zambia oipjy y iprf publicly 
v ftntions to sit on South that the South Africans could 
Africa's own board of inquiry have used “electronic 
mto the crash under Mr interference" 10 disorient the 
Justice Cecil Maigo, which is pitoL 
expecied to begin its work Mr Botha further disclosed 
some time in January. that a third box. containing 

The "three wise men", as cockpit voice recordings, 
they have been dubbed here, would be “taken to a neutral 
— country for decoding and 

, tx~ 
i rose 
Tii in 

•f the 
ora 7 
: and 
[es is 

A black riding on a bos in Durban yesterday after the whites-only bases i 
allow anyone to use them. There was mixed reaction from commuters 

claims two 

Homeland arrests j? ^ presence of 

™ , . South African, Russian and 

Six more people were reported Mozambican technicians" . 

y^teTday to fern been ar- Representatives of the In- 
m me KtmNdebele teniational Civil Aviation 

eribal homeland, trader the Oiganization. and experts 

ggeofeogigengf regulations fro m other countries, would 
(Michael Hornsbywntes from also be' invited to attend. 

Johannesburgl-They include Meanwhile, a South African 
a deputy saerin and court lawyers' or ganiza tion, the 
fflesseB f^ a toc^ business- Democratic Lawyers’ Con- 
man and a PRO for a football gress, has called the seizure by Johannesburg (Reuter) - A 
cfe®. Pretoria of documents fo und black man was burned alive 

_ , ‘ at the site of the October 19 and a black woman stoned to 

are Colonel Frank Borman, c^h an act of “international death in South African town- 
who commanded America’s theft and piracy” ship violence, raising the 

Apollo 8 space mission, Sir The organization said the death toll to about 380 since a 
Edward Eveleigh. a former disclosure of the contents of state of emergency was im- 
H >n M us 5- Cfi appeal, and the documents, which purport posed on June 12. 

Mr Geoffrey Wilkinson, a I0 reV eal a plan by Mozaro- The Government’s Bureau 

former Chief Inspector of bique and Zimbabwe to over- for Information said that the 
Accidents in the Department throw the Government of man was attacked in Soweto, 
of Transport. neighbouring Malawi, was an near Johannesburg, on Tues- 

In a statement released here attempt ‘To divert world day night by a group of Wacks. 
yesterday, the Foreign Min- attention from the ongoing in- The woman was murdered 
ister, Mr R. F. "Pik” Botha, vestigation into the crash". by about 70 youths who also 
said Mozambique and the Colonel Borman was al- set fire to a home in 
Soviet Union had agreed that ready a highly experienced test Kathetong, east of Johannes- 
Pretoria should select one of pilot when he commanded the burg, the bureau said. About 
two “black boxes" containing r ^ini 7 space mission in 100 youths set fire to a. 
identical data and send it to 1955 [q December, 1968, he delivery vehicle in Kathelong. 
Moscow for decoding and commanded Apollo 8 , the first • More buses were stoned on 
analysis. manned space flight td go into Tuesday in Soweto, where fere 

Mr Botha said that the two or bit round the moon. increases have sparked off a 

boxes recorded information Mr Wilkinson has taken new outburst of violence, 
about “the functioning of the part j„ several hundred air Eight people hurt in two 
plane in flight and other accident investigations, in- bomb blasts in the small 
physical elements which in- during one in Yugoslavia mining town of Newcastle on 
fluenced the flight" involving another Tupolev Tuesday were still in hospital 

The Soviet Union, as the TU 134. A test pilot, he is yemerday, three of them m a 
manufacturer of the Tupolev thought to be the only West- serious condition. 

TU 134, which also had a emer who has flown the Twenty-toe people - 20 
Russian crew, is in sole pas- Soviet-made aircraft Wades and three whiuswrere 

session of the computer pro- Sir Edward Eveleigh has hurt when bombs placed m 
gramme capable of de- been involved in a number of dustbins exploded in a shop- 
ciphering the information in . public inquiries into air ping centre and m a mag- 
the boxes. crashes. istnnes court 

From Martha de la CaL Lisbon 

President Botha of Sooth tion of protest against the visit 
Africa's two-day “private" which will be discussed in 
visit to Madeira is causing a Parliament today, 
huge embarrassment to the An official spokesman for 
Portuguese Government. Pres- President Soares said that the 
ident Botha, accompanied by President had net been pre- 
the South African Foreign vionsly consulted a boat the 
Minister, Mr R. F. “Pik” Bo- visit by the South African 
tha, and 20 other people, was President, bat when he became 
invited by a group of 50 aware of it. be had taken the 
Portuguese businessmen from matter tip with the Prime 
Madeira who are established Minister, Senhor Cavaco Sit- 
in South Africa. The business- va. Tbe premier has been pnt 
men also flew into Madeira by in a particularly difficult pos- 
chart er plane to meet Presi- itinn because Regional Pres- 
dent Botha. 

The Regional President, Se- , 

nbor Alberto Joao Jardim, 
received President Botha at ■ ■’ 

the airport «nd will offer a ... 

banqnet for him and his group jRSjraLX * ■ j l 
at the government palace in 
Funchal. President Jardim, 
who visited .Sooth Africa last \ 

month, has pnMidy praised <-■ 

President Botha's policies and * 
was opposed to sanctions . 

a gains t South Africa. 

The Foreign Ministry in 

Lisbon said there would be no ||®g , kjw Jm ^ 

contacts between the Porto- (tw 8 M 

goese Government and Presi- jgmt Mj& 

dent Botha. All of the political J 

parties in Partfemeot, except ■» mVm S Km 

the right-wing Christian President Botha: “private" 
Democrats, presented a mo- visit causes embarrassment 

ident Jardim is a member of 
his own Social Democrat 
party, and Madeira is a major 
stronghold of Social Democrat 

He has made no comment 
on die visit, leading the Social- 
ist Opposition to accuse him of 
“putting party interests before 
foreign policy". 

O PARIS: President Botha, in 
France this week for the 
opening of a war memorial 
museum honouring Sooth Af- 
ricans who died in tbe two 
world wars, had bis visit 
boycotted by the French Prime 
Minister, M Jacques Chirac, 
in protest at Pretoria's apart- 
heid policy. 

Only a minor local govern- 
ment official represented Paris 
at the museum opening in the 
Picardy village of LongnevaL 

“Tbe feet that lots of 
Frenchmen attended the cere- 
mony showed that f was 
welcomed there." said Mr 

But for the first time be 
publicly expressed his anger at 
France's chilly attitude by 
saying: “If a foreign visitor of 
Ending comes to my country, 
ordinary decency demands 
that I receive him." 

Zimbabwe jails two for 
British tourists’ murder 

sentenced two former soldiers ing the death penalty in view 
in the North Korean-trained of the feet the two men were 
Fifth Brigade to life imprison- teenagers when they commit- 
mem for murdering three ted the murders, and had 
British tourists in 1982. served as guerrillas in the 

The disappearance in that 1972-80 Rhodesian war. 
year of Richard John Pra- Mr Prankerd and his sister 
nkerd, aged 32, his sister, came from Oakford, Devon, 
Nicola Jane Prankerd, aged w hile Miss Jones's home was 
24, and Alison Jones, aged 25, ; n Loughborough, 

started a nationwide search Leicestershire, 
which lasted three weeks be- 
fore their bodies were found in • Party resignation: One of 
the Nyanga mountains. Zimbabwe's 10 white sen- 

Mr Justice Ahmed Ibrahim ators, Mr Terence Oatt has 
yesterday convicted Leonard resigned from Mr Ian Smith's 
Vurayayi and Benjamin Cho- right-wing Conservative Alli- 
kani, who at the time of the ance Party because he is 
murder were stationed at a dissatisfied with its “con- 
camp being run by the North frontationist” attitudes to- 
Koreans near Nyanga. wards Mr Robert Mugabe's 

The court found "special Government. 



NOVEMBER 13 1986 

Sydney court set for 
fresh wrangle over 
sensitive MI5 papers 

T]re legal wrangle over 
confidential documents on 
MI5 operations and the in- 
vestigation of Sir Roger Hol- 
lis, a former Director-General, 
is likely to resume in the New 
South Wales Supreme Court 

A deadline set fay the court 
last week for production of the 
papers expired yesterday with- 
out apparently resolving the 
wrangle between the British 
Government and Mr Peter 
Wright, a former counter- 
intelligence agent in MI5. 

The Government, which on 
Monday is to start proceed- 
ings in the same court to have 
publication of Mr Wrigbi’s 
memoirs suppressed, said 
through the British High 
Commission in Canberra yes- 
terday that it bad complied 
with the court's ruling last 
week to make the papers 

But counsel for Mr Wright 
and the Heinemann company 
of Australia, which wants to 
publish his book, said a new 
application for “particular 
discovery** would be made to 
the court tomorrow, indicat- 
ing that in his view the 
material submitted had not 
been complete. 

Last week's ruling appeared 
to oblige the Government to 
hand over background brief- 
ings and notes on the in- 
vestigation of Sir Roger, on 
Mrs Thatcher’s 1981 state- 

Frera Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

ment to the Commons that he 
was not a Soviet double-agent 
and to say whether other 
books on the British Intelli- 
gence Service, by Chapman 
pincber and Nigel West had 
official clearance. 

Yesterday, the solicitor act- 
ing here for the British Gov- 
ernment refused to say what 
documents had been pro- 

Meanwhile speculation that 
the Hawke Government is 
about to enter the fray 
mounted after a report in The 
Age newspaper is Melbourne 

fae week Sir Michael Ha- 
vers. the British Attorney 
General, confirmed that he 
had asked Canberra's help to 
have the Wright book sup- 

In a front-page story yes- 
terday. The ,-tke reported that 
the Security Cabinet had de- 
cided Australia would help try 
to stop publication, having 
been persuaded “that publica- 
tion of the book could com- 
promise Australia's intel- 
ligence-gathering operations." 

The report went on that Mr 
Lionel Bowen, the Australian 
Attorney-General, was ex- 
pected to seek separate legal 
representation in the New 
South Wales court for the 
Canberra Government when 
Britain launches its applica- 
tion for an injunction on 

The story was unsourced, 
but the reporter. Mr Mark 
Baker, the newspaper’s dip- 
lomatic correspondent, said 
yesterday he remained sat- 
isfied it was true: 

It was, however, denied by a 
spokesman for Mr Bowen, 
who confirmed that the Sec- 
urity Cabinet had considered 
the Havers request on Mon- 
day, but said that no decision 

had been taken. 

A spokesman at the Prime 
Minister’s office said no com- 
ment could be made on 
matters before die Security 
Cabinet, a council consisting 
of Mr Hawke and five senior 

There is actually a dear 
Australian Government in- 
terest in the case which goes 
beyond the feci that when Mr 
Wright retired from MIS, 
insisting that Sir Roger had 
been a Soviet mole all 
he chose to live out his d 
a windswept corner of Tas- 
mani a 

Sir Roger was involved in 
the setting up of ASIO, the 
Australian Security Intelli- 
gence Organization. Noting 
the significance of this for 
Australia, Mr Justice Powell, 
who will tear the application, 
remarked last week that if the 
former MIS Director-General 
was a double agent, “then 
ASIO is a pack of cards and we 
wiU have to start again”. 

Mr Rodolfo Salat, H»j«aed gncarriHa ammandg, gplmm»t>dging his fppiit^ frt Maaih 
after gover nmen t prosecutors filed new charges of rebellion and murder against hfrn- 

Sweden attacks British and US economic policies 

Carlsson sees dangers for democracy 

Military abuses drop 
sharply since Marcos 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 


Mr Iugvar Carlsson, the 
Prime Minister of Sweden, 
has handled a strong attack 
on British and American eco- 
nomic policies as haring 
precipitated “a crisis in the 
industrial state”, which, he 
said, coaid endanger “the 
whole democratic political 

Mr Carlsson told The 
Times that policies which 
traded off increased un- 
employment against lower 
inflation had led to 35 million 
jobless people in the 
Organization for Economic 
Co-operation and De-vel- 
opment (OECD) nations, and 
an apathy among voters that 
had led to a “shocking” tarn- 
out of less than 40 per cent in 
last week’s American elect- 

“Yon cannot have genera- 
tion after generation haring no 
chance to get work, to get a 
job,” he said, “I would even 
say that it is perhaps the most 
serums threat to democracy in 
the world today. 

“I don’t know what the 
leaders in the Eastern Com- 


Mr Carlsson: no point trying, 
to imitate Olof Palme. 

raunist states are saying, but 
certainly they are not very 
impressed. If we in the democ- 
racies cannot get out once 
every second, every third or 
every fifth year to vote in out 
potidtal system, then some- 
thing is wrong. If I were an 
American politician I would be 

Democracy, he said, “most 
be a question of taking part as 
much as possible, and if people 
don't even take part in the 
elections, then there is danger, 
great danger.” 

Despite reports in some 
British newspapers that the 
Scandinavian welfare state 
was dying if not dead as a 
system, Sweden — where the 
average turnout in elections is 
over 90 per cent — had showed 
tint there was “a third way”, 
combining a vigorous econ- 
omy, low unemployment and 
soda! responsibility in govern- 
ment, Mr Carlsson said. 

Relations between the Nor- 
dic Social Democratic parties, 
“not least the Swedish party,” 
and the British Labour Party 
had “never been better”, be 
added. He hoped socialists 
would “come together” in the 
near future to discuss “the 
worst crisis since the 30s” and 
“to form an alternative to 
these Conservative policies”. 

Speaking of Mr Olof Prime, 
his predecessor who was 
assassinated in February, he 
said: “For me personally, it 
was not only the fact that we 
lost the Prime Minister and 

Party Leader we were dose 
friends, ov families now and 
then came together, so for me 
it was a terrible loss, not only 
political but also very personal 

“We worked together for 
nearly 30 years. During all 
that time we never had any 
important quarrel, any dif- 
ferences of opinion on any 
important political matters, 
and there were a number of 
them during these years. We 
were ideologically very dose 

He said that there would be 
no point however, in trying to 
imitate Mr Palme. The new 
Prime Minister would have to 
do things Ids own way, and 
this would in time probably be 
seen as a sharp contrast to his 
“colourless” role as a Number 

Mr Carfason added: “When 
difficult problems come up — 
we always called each other or 
met, I would say, on all 
important political matters 
since 1958, when we started to 
work together. And now sud- 
denly I think Oat I should 
call, and then it comes home 
again: he's net there ...” 

MBitary abuses against ’ 
civilians have dropped shar- 
ply since President Aquino 
took power in February and 
those violations which con- 
tinue are due mainly to the 
“hardline stand” of Mr Juan 
Ponce Emile, her Defence 
Minister, a church-based hu- 
man rights group has reported. 

Tas k Force Detainees 
(TFD) reported a 70 to 75 per 
cent decrease in human rights 
violations from February 25 — 
when Mrs Aquino , became 
President — to September 30, 
c o mpa re d to the whole of 

The biggest decline was in 
the number of arrests, accord- 
ing to Sister Roberta Blumin, 
TFD director. 

The monthly average of 
arrests this year is 86. In 1985 
it was 497. 

The monthly inridepces of 
summary executions, torture 
and disappearances has de- 
clined by approximately 50 
per cent 

Sister Illumin said that al- 
though Mrs Aquino released 
345 political prisoners soon 
after taking office. 188 de- 
tainees remain in jail on 

First visit to West 

Gorbachov deputy 
on trip to Finland 

FlpmCHHKivmea, Helsinki 

“trumped up charges”. 

Under the Aquino Govern- 
ment there have, been 603 
arrests, 238 cases of torture, 88 
summary executions (30 of 
them following military ar- 
rests). the disappearance of 33 
people after their arrest and 10 
military related cases of out- 
right disappearances. 

The 12-year old TFD, rec- 
ognized by the Loudon-based 
Amnesty International ac- 
cused Mr Enrile^for 16 years 
the Defence Minister of the 
ousted President Marcos, of 
being “chiefly responsible” for 
continuing human rights 

“We could relate (these 
abuses) in terms of Minister 
Enrile’s counter-insurgency 
programme:” Sister Illumin 

• GaecriBa charged^ Govern- 
ment prosecutors yesterday 
filed new charges of rebellion 
and murder against Mr 
Rodolfo Salas, the top guer- 
rilla commander captured in j 
Manila two months ago as 
rumours of a coup by dis- 
affected’ Philippines military 
officers persisted (Reuter re- , 
ports). I 

The Krmfin’s number two, 
Mr Yegor Ugacfaev, arrived in 
fitiaua yesterday far ■ wbt- 
day visit, his first to a Western 

Mr Tlgaebev is OBB of the 
three Soviet tenders who is a 
member of the Potithmo as 
weD as being Secretary of the 
Central Committee. He is 
officially- the - guest of the 
Furnish Serial Democratic 
Party, bathe wffi aba meet 
President Kofristo. 

In bis mitten arrival state- 
ment^ Mr ligacbev empha- 
sized the importance of 
poetical parties and organiza- 
tions daring the post-Reyk- 
javik work for nuclear dis- 

He also praised fee co- 
operation between the Soviet 
Communist Party and die 
Finnish Social Democrats and 
the importance of good Soviet- 
Finnish relations far the 
stability of n o rther n Europe, 
and Europe as a whole. 

This is the first risk by a top 
member of the present Soviet 
leadership to Finland, mid the 
Finns are andofts to ensure 
that their special ne utrali ty, 
based on trouble-free relations 
with their giant neighbour 
while maintaining a demo- 
cratic Western society, will 
remain stride daring Mr 
Gorbachov's time. 

President Komsfn, who 
runs the country*! foreign 
policy, has established good 
relations with the Soviet 
Union daring his four years In 
office. His talks with Mr 
Ligacbev are expected to cover 
a wide range of subjects, from 
international tensions to trade. 

The &B in o3 prices has ted 
to a serious fall in Soviet- 
Finnish trade, which is con- 
ducted on ft baiter basis. Fhins 
have not beea abte to find new 
items to import from the 
Soviet Union to fill the gap 

caused by U>«« ofl P*"** 
Both sides want to *«r 
proved 10 be very difficult 
Mr ligacbev 's mam host is 
the Prime Minister and Sodri 
Democrats’ chairman, Mr 
Katevi Sorsa. who has been 
tending an hrferoatwori ca- 
reer mainly as the leader of the 

Socialist International. 

The role of the Social 
Democrats is paiafid for the 
Flmdsh Communists. At dm 
rh pg they competed seriously 
for the socialist vote with the 
Sodri Democrats, but they pe 
now split into two warring 
parties, whose combined share 

of the vote has fallen to just 
over 10 per cent, white the 
Serial Democrats are the 
country’s biggest party with a 
quarter of the trie. 

The traditionally 

have supported the Stalinist 
wing of the Couuumrists Party, 
which is now totally over- 
shadowed by Che Earo- 
comnmnist majority. Observ- 
ers hr Helsinki are anxious to 
see which side Mr ligachev, 
who is Moscow's top ideolo- 
gist, chooses. There have been 
some indications that the Rus- 
sians are more willing than 
before to improve their rela- 
tions with the 


Mr Sorsa said in an inter- 
view just before Mr Ltgscbev’S 
risk that R was ranch more 
than an inter-party exchange. 

“fri fafernatioaal relations, 
meetings at the personal level 
always have a special signif- 
icance,” he said. 

“Relations between the 
Finnish Social Democratic 
Party and the Comnwaht 
Party of the Soviet Unioo have 
been, and will goon being, of 
strategic importance in fiaks 
between the international la- 
bour movement. Social Demo- 
crats and Communists.” 

Ethnic riots threaten 
Sri Lankan economy 

From'Vijlfha Taps, Colombo 

The Sri lantern Finance 
Minister, Mr Ronnie de Mel, 
presented his tenth successive 
budget yesterday claiming that 
without peace the country 
faced rum. 

“Those who obstruct peace 
will go down in history as 
traitors to our country,” be 
said, adding that they could 
frfso divide the island . 

He Warned ethnic riots for 
retarding the country’s eco- 
nomic growth- After three 
years of conflict, he said, the 
island was beginning to feel 
the strain and bare The scars. 

The 1987 budget, however, 
is the largest Sri Lanka has 
ever had, with expenditure 
estimated at £1.8 iriffion. 

To bridge the budget deficit. 
Mr de Mel has turned to 
foreign grams and concession- 
ary loans and domestic 

He said foreign financing of 
the budget would mean that 
debt servicing, which repre- 
sented 13 per cent of exports 
in 1980, is set to rise to around 
30 percent in 1987. Inflation, 
now running at 1.5 percent, is 
set to rise to 6 per cent 

Taxes have bees raised on 
alcohol, cigarettes, stamp 
duty, wheat, petroleum prod- 
ucts and private provident 
funds. Concessions have been 
granted to exporters and for 
Sri Lankans working for for- 
eign remittances. 


MMOCKSOl 5796107. 1st 
SM/BT 7 (My 240 7200. Grp 
930 6123 Now Previewing 
7.30. Sal S * a Opens Mon 
7otv (Tun mat at 3 from 2 s Novi 

l rare THEA7SC Sftaftestmy 
AVC WX 01-457 3666/7 01-434 
1680. 01-434 1060. 01-734 


A trick 
of fate 

Anniversary fever broke oat 
*gaji»with Tie Secrets of Suez 
(BBC2), the 1986 upditTun 
the canal that turned into a 
watershed. Watching the ex- 
cerpts from interviews Bltwd 
® ^566 and 1976, one got the 
idea that in 10 years* time the 
fidi story may at last emerge. 
The present essay con- 
centrated on the secret bi- 
partite meeting in Sevres, at 
which France, Britain and 
Israel conspired to pervert the 
course of history with a cat- 
alogue of duplicity. The former 

french Minister of Defence 
described his relations with 
Shimon Peres and Moshe 
Dayan as “just like the 
Resistanc e **, and it was further 
revealed that Seiwyn Lloyd 
attended the conference wear- 
ing a false moustache. 


Astodry historical fact, this 
hard -working programme es- 
tablished that the secret proto- 
col providing for Israel’s 
aggression was signed by 
Britain and raanimonsly ap- 
proved by Cabinet, and that 
Eden’s health remained sound 
throughout the crisis. This 
vain, debonair man’s televised 
speech to the nation, when be 
sat blinking behind his specs 
like toe defendant at a show 
trial, was wheeled ont once 
a g ain, but we had to wait 
another two boors to learn that 
he attributed the brightness of 
the studio lights to Com- 
munists in the BBC 

The first part of Television 
and Number JO (also BBC2) 
traced the sad ikrfhi»» of 
political indifference to the 
medium, from Churchill's 
disastrous screen-test to Wil- 
son’s oily love-affair with toe 
cameras. Macmillan dappered 
about like a bonbomoas Wood- 
hound and Douglas-Home, 
filmed today, remarked that 
That Was the Week That Was 
“slightly got under my skin”. 
Only Attlee emerged as at all 
admirable with his unoon- 
cealed contempt, and that may 
have stranded his political 

Scheduled as a candle on 
BBC Television’s fiftieth 
birthday-cake wefl before Mr 
Tebbit's current round of 
Auntie-mugging, this docu- 
mentary evoked the distant 
days when television was ex- 
pected as a matter of cosrse to 
act as the Government's lap- 
dog. and when poHtical com- 
ment was banned by the 14- 
day rale. Since then, as Part 2 
will 5 how tonight, toe image- 
dressing fervour of “media 
consultants” has reduced (or 
perhaps elevated) oar leaders 
to the realm of show business. 

Martin Cropper 

Hoskins takes 
another award 

Britain’s Bob Hoskins has 
won the award for Best Actor 
at Portugal's second inter- 
national film festival at Troia 
for his role in Neil Jordan's 
Mom Lisa. 

The week-long festival at 
the modern beach-resort near 
Liston also included several 
other British feature films and 
documentaries, among them 
Wetherby, Coming Up Roses , 
Sea Coal , Letter to Brezhnev 
and My Beautiful Laundrene. 
There was also a wide variety 
of entries from the USA, 
Canada, the Soviet Union, 
France, Cuba, Sweden, Tur- 
key, Italy, Brazil, India and 
other countries. The Ameri- 
can Fool For Love, directed by 
Robert Altman, was judged 
the best film in the festival. 

The organizers of the festi- 
val are aiming at promoting 
tourism and attracting inter- 
national companies to pro- 
duce films in Portugal. 
Foreign producers are already 
showing interest, Carthage 
Productions of Tunisia wm 
collaborate with Portuguese 
producers to make part,,?* 
Zefirelli's new film on the ufe 
of Toscanini in the New Year. 

Pryce holds tragic sway 

Following the thrilling Foots- 
bam production of last 
month, here is another high- 
pressure Macbeth played in 
the key of the supernatural. 
Both performed without inter- 
val, the Footsbam covered toe 
ground in two hours flat while 
the RSC get it down to two 
hours and 20 minutes. Both 
tackle the central question of 
tragic responsitnlijiy in a 
predetermined action: the first 
through tribal ritual, the sec- 
ond through individual psy- 

Adrian Noble sets the play 
in the latest variant of the 
RSCs empty box, a recessed 
platform surrounded by blank 
timber walls. It can be any- 
where: the heath, the 
the interior of the hero’s skull 
Radio productions of Macbeth 
commonly delocalize events 
in this way, but it is an 
unusual procedure on the 
stage, and it gives the witches 
a rare chance to supervise 
events, materializing among 
the banners of Duncan's army 
or holding a Black Commu- 
nion in the debris of the 
Macbeths' banquet. It installs 
them as figures of sybilline 
authority, ready at any mo- 
ment to invade toe hero's 
mind. That, above all is Mr 
Noble's chosen setting; and 




the strength and weakness of 
his production is that it 
amounts to a one-man show. 

The due to Jonathan 
Pryce’s Macbeth is that he is a 
passive character. To do any- 
thing he needs to be given an 
order. Hitherto be has obeyed 
his king. Now he receives 
orders from elsewhere; they 
happen to express his secret 
ambition, but if anything goes 
wrong he can always Maine 
someone else. In this reading, 
the text comes to Mr Pryce' s 
aid. It was the bell that 
“invited” him to do the 
murder. He was “drawn” by 
toe unseen dagger. At every 
turn be can find another alibi, 
even though it is only a 
projection of bis own fantasy. 
Then, of course, there was the 
wife, bullying him into 

Lady Macbeth's job is dose 
as soon as Duncan is dead. 
Sinead Cusack plays her as a 
corporation wife, blind to 
everything except the banality 

of her husband's advance- 
ment, and reduced to mute 
horror when she sees the 
monster she has let loose. Her 
sexual dominance in the early 
scenes exists strictly in con- 
trast to her husband's appar- 
ent feebleness. Mr Pryce, an 
actor whose presence used to 
signal instant danger, has 
leanu to keep his powers in 
reserve; and, for a good third 
of the action, he maintains a 
mask of ingratiation — exces- 
sively modest, ready with 
winning smiles, forever run- 
ning his hand irresolutely 
through his thinning hair. 

Even when the mask cracks 
it is only by degrees, and it is 
not until the climax of the 
banquet - which he diversi- 
fies with burlesque displays of 
lunacy to put the guests on the 
scent — that the monster 
finally hatches out. He takes 
his wife's hand for the speech 
on “night's Mack agents” and 
finishes it with a blood- 
curdling shriek that sends ber 
staggering across the stage, 
then bursts into laughter at his 
little joke. 

The performance is foil of 
such moments of stabbing 
surprise — to which Mr Noble 
adds some of bis own, as 
where spears come slicing 
through the besieged castle 

walls, final evidence that re- 
ality is at last penetrating the 
infernal private world. After 
that, Macbeth is carved to 
pieces by Peter Guinness's 
Macduff without even raising 
his sword. It is a performance 
showing a ferocious imagina- 
tion at full stretch, and it 
leaves room for very little else 
on toe stage. 

Apart from Hugh Quar- 
shie’s watchful Banquo, the 
Scottish nobility are a dour, 
interchangeable lot; and 
David Troughton's Porter, 
burdened with witless new 
gags, is a roaring windbag. The 
witches are a businesslike trio, 
going through their conjura- 
tions as though repeating 
prayers by rote. Here, as 
elsewhere in the show, Mr 
Noble seems to be achieving 
spurious effects simply by 
reversing theatrical clicb&s. 

The one interesting novelty 
is the introduction of children 
who play blind-man's-buff 
with Macbeth in the appa- 
rition scene and then reappear 
as Macduff’s doomed family. 
The evident reference is to the 
Macbeths’ failure to produce a 
family of their own; but the 
idea is insufficiently worked 
out to achieve dramatic focus. 

Irving War die 

A monster on toe point of release: Sinead Cosacfc and Jonathan Pryce as the Macbeths 
(photograph by Donald Cooper) 


an Richardson has recently been 
visited by an intruder — the 
neighbourhood tom-cat — and 
has doused his living-room car- 
pet in cologne to try to obliterate 
the smell Tm sorry if this place 
smells like a brothel”, be says. In this 
of Clapham any raised voices 
ind the bay-windows are likely to 
belong to actors rehearsing their lines: 
Prunella Scales and Timothy West 
are op toe road, Michael Gough and 
Daniel Massey around separate cor- 
nets. “Yes” says Richardson, again 
sounding faintly apologetic, “it is a 
bit of an enclave.” 

Tomorrow evening at toe National 
Film Theatre Richardson appears in 
the title-role of Blum, a BBC film 
directed by John Glenister and 
scripted by Robin Chapman. The 
film, which is being transmitted in the 
New Year, is set in 1951 as Burgess 
and Maclean prepare to flee to Russia 
and Anthony Blunt stays behind to 
mind toe fort, and the CourtaukL 
This is the first time, although not 
one suspects the last, that Blunt has 
appeared in dramatized form. The 
role of Guy Burgess, here played by 
Anthony Hopkins, is fast becoming 
an essential part in any distinguished 
actor’s repertoire. 

Richardson was first mooted to 
play Blunt, much to his astonish- 
ment, more than three years ago. 
Shortly after Blunt died. Richardson 
read in a paper that he had been 
earmarked for the part. This was 
news to both him and his agent and, 
assuming it had all been wild 
speculation, be put it out of his mind. 
Earlier this year Blunt finally caught 
up with him. In many ways it was an 
ideal Richardson part There may not 
be that much direct physical resem- 
blance, bat Richardson has a suitably 
patrician bearing, while there is 
something about his sharp, impassive 
features that seems to lend itself to 
portrayals of upper-class treachery. 
Richardson has played a good few 
cold, often duplicitous, fish in his 
time, including Bill Haydon in Tin- 
ker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy. He was to 
find out that Blunt and Haydon had 
rather more in common than the 
same elevated shoes Richardson wore 
for both parts. 

In the flesh Richardson is at pains 
to emphasize that he is not a cold fish 
at alL Sporting two poppies in his 
buttonhole, he is effiisive. if nervy, 
throwing his legs back and forth over 
one another as he speaks. “When we 
were shooting Tinker, Tailor I asked 
John Le Carre if he was happy with 
my interpretation of Haydon, be- 
cause I was having difficulty in 
finding him. I wanted to know if he 
had had anyone in mind when he 
wrote the character. ‘Ah', said Le 
Cant, That would be telling.' Not 
long after the series came out the 
whole Blunt thing exploded and I 
suddenly realized who Le Cant's 
model had been.” 

When Richardson came to play 
Blunt, be bad therefore got something 
of a head start, especially in his 
knowledge of the workings of the 
Secret Service. During Tinker, Tailor 
he had been invited to a soirte 
attended by what Richardson refers 
to as “real-life gentlemen” who filled 

Ian Richardson's extraordinary skill in depicting 
duplicity, memorable in Tinker , Tailor , Soldier , 
Spy, aspires to fresh heights in the title-role of 
Blunt, a BBC production to be shown for the 
first time at the National Film Theatre 
tomorrow: interview by John Preston 

A supremely high 
class of treachery 

Ian Richardson as Anthony Blunt: “such a terribly enigmatic figure’ 

him in on the espionage background. 
“It was very strange, these highly 
intelligent, retired Secret Service 
types all treating me as one of them.” 
But. while the background was there, 
Richardson still had to get a line on 
Blunt, a man, he agrees, who was 
well-nigh unfathomable. Unlike Bur- 
gess, in particular. Blunt had no 
apparent personal resentment against 

the Establishment, indeed was happi- 
est within its bosom, less viper as the 
years went by than devoted lap-dog. 

“I watched quite a lot of television 
footage of Blunt”, he says. “The most 
interesting thing was a film of the late 
Richard Dimbleby going round the 
Queen's pictures with Blunt as his 
chatting escort He came over as 
charming, extremely polite and very 

knowledgeable. But that was ail you 
saw, there was no glimpse of the man 
behind the mann er. And, when 1 
watched the press conference he gave 
after he had been exposed, you got 
nothing from that either. His face 
remained almost totally immobile. 

“I had to try to understand him, 
not necessarily to sympathize, al- 
though that is always a temptation. I 
remember when I played Robespierre 
I tried to find a book that excused 
him. But you must reach out to find 
the human side, otherwise you can't 
serve the drama property. 1 told 
myself that Blunt loved Burgess very 
deeply and that he always churned he 
was never responsible for the loss of 
any agents in toe field. I also had a 
feeling that, because he could so 
easily have been blackmailed, the 
KGB had a very firm grip on him. But 
Blunt was such a terribly enigmatic 
figure that in toe end I decided toe 
less research I did toe better. When I 
played Pandit Nehru in The Lost 
Viceroy 1 spent three months explor- 
ing the character. But then Nehru 
needed thick oil-paint on the canvas 
of my interpretation. In comparison 
Blunt is made up of very thin watery 
colours and light brush-strokes.” 

A Richardson canvas is apt to be a 
p rett y sparsely covered affair. He has, 
he says, learnt a great deal from Alec 
Guinness about paring everything 
down to toe barest of essentials. “It's 
pure technique. That stillness, or 
impassivity, is something I have to 
work very hard at. When I am 
reheaising I always say to the director 
that there is going to be a period when 
I am going to go right over the top. 
Then I will start discarding bit by Ml 
B y toe time I get to the performance 1 
have e limina ted a lot of what 1 hope is 

ichardson must be one of 
the few actors living, or 
dead for that matter, who 
has played both Professor 
■ Higgins in My Fair Lady 
and the title-role of Richard III. But 
then he is one of a comparatively rare 
breed happy to do the “light, frothy 
stuff” yet capable of summoning up 
the gravitas when required. He has 
done Utile theatre in recent years, 
partly because he says he caanoi find 
the right vehicle, and partly because 
concentrating on film and television 
work allows him and his wife to 
spend more time in their house on the 
Cote D’Azure. Since finishing Blunt, 
Richardson has not forsaken the 
Secret Service entirely: he went on to 
play the head of M16 in the film 
version of Frederick Forsyth's The 
Fourth Protocol, then took a big swing 
into the ridiculous playing the master 
of a (highly) fictionalized Cambridge 
college in the television adaptation of 
Tom Sharpe’s Porterhouse Blue. 

“Tm always being asked to play 
these sinister types”, be says. “But 
you know I rather enjoy being warm 
and amusing. There is nothing more 
rewarding in the world than having 
someone come up to you and say T 
saw you in so-and-so and you did 
make me laugh’.” Richardson twid- 
dles his thumbs thoughtfully and 
adds: “Particularly if it was an ad- 


Embattled lyric impulses 

Like a nude ice-skater. Brian 
Fernevhough places a great 
deal of faith in his technique. 
He also exposes himself to an 
inspection avoided by so 
many composers who cover 
iherri selves with earlier forms 
and manners. There is nothing 
-quasi'' here, nothing neo , 
no quotation marks. Even toe 
notorious complexity of tus 
music seems more an avoid- 
ance of backward reference 
than obfuscation, though ar- 
guments on these grounds are 
beginning to wear rather torn 
now that he is emerging from 
his forests of heavily qualified 
demi-semi quavers to execute 
elegant figures in an open air 
Of his own discovery. 

His recent Etudes tranxen- 
deniales for soprano and in- 
strumental quartet is a 
thoroughly remarkable essay 

in daring- being notwily toe 



St John's 

about the successs of toe work 
Femeyhough would be feeling 
chi fly in some pretty un- 
comfortable places. But there 
are none. 

Simply toaL We are dealing 
here with something very 
special and rare, something 
which eases back, against so 
great a resistance, toe bound- 
ary of toe beautiful- The 
journey from Schoenberg to 
Boulez to Ferneybongh is one 
of a lyric impulse ever more 
embattled, and toe world of 
the new piece is, as toe 
heading of toe penultimate 
movement has it, “cold but 

Alrun Fortig, {tick at ancient, 
distant, ky but still fiiriously 
alive images — as furiously 
alive as his own wheeling oboe 
solo with vocal support, his 
brilliantly numb, dark song 
with harpsichord and pizzi- 
cato cello, his duel for voice 
and a flute, at first aerated by 
scale patterns, his adagissimo 
of muted congealing around a 
vocal pan of soft, detached 
sounds and his quite extraor- 
dinary finale. 

This opens with a strident 
high, unison F sharp, a signal 
of music squeezed to toe 
limits, and ends with a re- 
signed cessation of toe war to 
weld music and words to- 
gether: toe singer speaks toe 
poem, and the quartet fantas- 
tically spirits itself away. 

Jane Manning was, by this 
stage, clearly in trouble from a 
throat infection, but she had 
sung like a manic angel to 

in w ““'* : n "^| s '^oncert-length under great pressure”. 

venzione cycle but The composer refers to a pre ^ home the importance of 
hv aspiration, a com pan- line ofTrald, “The para face in this work, very eloquently 
? niece to Le Marteau sans the stone , to suggest this sided by Lontano under 
ISLE* and Pierrot lunaire. emotion that is petrified (in odaline de la Martinez. 

«h acts to follow, both senses), and his nine n 

Th «fr^ere^re <joubis poems, by Ernst Meisier and Paul Griffiths 

Galina Heifetz, a Soviet-born 
violinist now resident in the 
United States, has a refreshing 
appetite for toe slightly un- 
usual coupled with an incisive 
though cultivated sound. She 
demonstrates, too, an intelli- 
gent response to toe demands 
of toe music she plays. 

Her recital, in which Linn 
Hendry was at pains to be 
heard as very much an equal 
partner at toe piano, began 
with a dashingly tenacious 
reading of Prokofiev’s First 
Violin Sonata. Op SO. con- 
ceived between 1938 and 1946 
and as monumental as such a 
long gestation period would 
suggest. Ravel's Violin Sonata 
of 1926 may be on its surface 
slighter material, but again 
.Heifetz measured its aesthetic 
perfectly, moreover, she han- 
dled well the curiously lop- 
sided Sonata for solo violin by 
Honegger, giving its vast first 
movement an enormous reel- 
ing of breadth but cunningly 
scaling down her emotional 
intensity in toe following three 

Elizabeth Layton, a young 
British violinist experienced 
bad luck when her first-choice 
pianist sprained his wrist on 
toe day before her recital. 
Piers Lane nobly stepped in at 

A liking 
for the 

the last moment but found 
toe torrents of notes in 
Strauss’s Violin Sonata a chal- 
lenge that daunted just too 
much, while Miss Layton, 
playing with a thinnish sound, 
seemed happy merely to have 
got through this somewhat 
overblown piece at all. 

Beethoven's E flat Sonata, 
Op 12 No 3, was much better, 
showing mature, but thank- 
fully not over-refined, sensi- 
bility: there was also plenty of 
give and take between toe two 

Sharing toe evening, which 
was promoied by toe Wor- 
shipful Company 'of Mu- 
sicians, was the piano duo of 
Christopher Scott and Ste- 

phen Coombes. In dementi's 
Sonata in B flat they conveyed 
the music's romantic emo- 
tions on an appropriately 
intimate scale, but in their 
superb performance of Rach- 
maninov's Suite No I there 
were no limits to toe power 
with which they expressed 
feelings. And Ravel's La False 
can seldom have been quite so 
darkly yet majestically evoc- 
ative of those swirling Vien- 
nese rhythms. Peter Lawson's 
Song of the Late Spider Or- 
chid, h be receiving its world 
premiere, was surely, how- 
ever, all too faux-naif. 

The Canadian pianist Daria 
Telizyn rather naughtily gave 
a season of three so-called 
London debuts. In toe second 
of them she played Debussy, 
Barber and toe Fantasy. Elegy 
and Toccata by toe Canadian- 
Czech composer Oskar Mor- 
awexz, a work full of spirited 
freedom albeit in a conser- 
vatively neo-classical vein. 
Her touch, 1 thought, was 
nicely refined here. But she 
spoiled everything with a 
performance of Liszt’s Piano 
Sonata that seemed both tech- 
nically and musically woefully 

Stephen Pettitt 

The Old Man of 
Sadler’s Wells 

In the dear dead days before 
he began spending his free 
time communing with flow- 
ers, toe Prince of Wales wrote 
an entertainment for his youn- 
ger brothers. This was sub- 
sequently published in book 
form, and here — in a musi- 
cally expanded version by 
David Wood — reaches the 
climax of its national tour for 
Whirligig Theatre. 

The story concerns toe exer- 
tions of the titular old man 
(lain Lauchlan, in the com- 
pany of three mischievous 
haggises) first to find and then 
to save from peril a race of 
diminutive mountain-dwell- 
ers known as the Gorans, it 
can be no secret that Prince 
Charles is a devotee of toe 
Goons and their “surreal” 
humour. Faint echoes of that 
style may be heard in the 
homely puns that decorate toe 
script. “I've far too much 
grousework to do” expos- 
tulates the Old Man's daily 
(Mary-Ann Coburn got up as a 
grouse) — although this sally 
Fails to rouse toe proto- 
Moleswonhs and trainee St 
T rinianettes who comprise the 

The elements of toe piece to 
which they do respond are toe 
moments of jeopardy, as when 
toe Old Man encounters a 
giant spider or finds himself in 
toe clutches of the dreaded 
Pig-Eagle — a compound beast 
possessed of a “blood-curdling 
grant”. There is enough of this 
stuff to keep the thing earning 
its living, and Mr Lauchlan 
and Miss Coburn (who dou- 
bles as Queen of the Gorms) 
are both accomplished per- 
formers who know how to 
milk the adaptor's production. 

It might be objected that the 
villain of the piece — Percy 
Copley as Giant Gormless, a 
dozy Sassenach intent on kid- 
napping the Gorms for his 
circus — is nothing like fear- 
some enough to provide the 
edge of terror required; and 
any self-respecting boy's toes 
would curt at the sight of the 
gymnastic creatures gambol- 
ling about in their Highland 
fastness like Flash Gordon 
extras out of Richard Dadd. 
But Susie Caulcuti's design 
strikes exactly toe right note 
with its grottoes and caves 
rendered in the tints of tra- 
ditional fairy-tale books, par- 
ticularly so in the underwater 
sequence which conveys a 
rococo nether world with great 

Martin Cropper 


Philip Larkin 

University College, 

“Things I like In a town” 
Philip Larkin wrote in 1954, 
jnst before he moved to Hall, 
“are smallness, nearness of 
country, friendliness of people, 
some degree of inaccess- 
ibility - .” The exhibition Philip 
Larkin : His Life and Work 
(until December 5) was first 
shown for a few weeks this 
summer at the University of 
Hull, where Larkin was librar- 
ian for 30 years until his death 
from cancer a year ago. It is an 
affectionate and learned trib- 
ute, devised and catalogued by 
Brian Dyson, Hull University 

An economical first section 
introduces Larkin's published 
work: first editions of his 
poems from The North Ship 
(1945) to High Windows 
(1974), his two novels, JiU 
(1946) and A Girt in Water 
(1947), the anthologies to 
which he contributed, the 
controversial Oxford Book of 
Twentieth-Century Verse 
(1973) and bis final critical 
collection. Required Writing 
(1983). The organizers, who 
knew Larldn well, have set 
some deliberate puzzles. What 
would Larkin, a notably winy 

■nan, have said about “Church 
Going” translated into Japa- 
nese, ora thesis entitled “That 
sinking feeling: a study of 
endings in toe poetry of Philip 
I arii in ”? 

His Collected Poems are 
eagerly awaited, bat toe book 
is still held up. amidst consid- 
erable publicity, at the plan- 
ning stage. Larkin was a 
rigorous self-critic and the 
proportion of unpublished 
drafts to published poems is 
nuns ually high. The notebook 
in the British Library has been 
in toe public domain since 
1964. Otherwise this ex- 
hibition has provided toe first 
and very welcome chance to 
see some working drafts and 
unpublished poems. 

With a poet of Larkin's 
stature even the minor pieces 
are intriguing. “Letter to a 
Friend about Girls” is a find. 

Self-portrait, c. 1963 

It is greatly to be hoped that. 
Larkin's tmpublished poems,' 
working drafts and notebooks 
will be preserved for study, if 
not for publication. 

George Hartley, publisher' 
at toe Marvell Press of The'. 
Less Deceived (1955), bas lent 
a remarkable collection to this 
exhibition: letters, copy, type- 
scripts or pages torn from the" 
privately-printed ,Y.Y Poems' 
(1951) and the Fantasy Press 
pamphlet (1954), and galley-" 
and page-proofs used in 
preparing the book. Hartley, 
overcame Larkin's well-known 
reluctance to read his poems in > 
public: the recording of The\ 
Less Deceived, first issued in ' 
1959 and still going strong, is ' 
well documented. 

It is well worth hunting for ‘ 
the photographic material in a 
nearby room, where Patrick 
Garland's excellent BBC 
Monitor programme is also ■ 
running throughout the ex- 
hibition. On December 2, toe - 
Poetry Society and University * 
College are mounting a me- 
morial reading and jazz con- 
cert at University College. 

Jenny Stratford 



— - . .. Wift w . . . ■ — - 

To meet single 
professionals to whom 
a religious faith 
is paramount, call 

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Doubtful art of 

By the very nature of the 
impossible task he faces, five 
Western observer in a totali- 
tarian society is either a fool or 
a liar, depending on whether 
or not be reports what be sees. 
Historically, Western report' 
os based in Soviet Russia, the 
original “dosed*' society, have 
either been doped by the 
regime’s presentation at h- 
self — intended for foreign 
consumption — or chosen to 
ignore it, relying instead OB 
mU conjectures as the only 
alternative source of news. 

Richard Owen, until recently 
the Moscow correspondent of 
The Times, steers dear of the 
two options, which makes him 
an exception to the rale; 
unfortunately, it also makes 
few a rather empty book, since 
even an inteUigeat and honest 
observer like this one is inca- 
pable of penetrating the closed 
society, whose inner workings 
are hidden from alL 

The book’s subtitle, “Soviet 
Succession and the Rise of 
Gorbachov", describes Mr 
Owen’s subject more dearly 
than the catchier Crisis ha the 
Kremlin. In fart, if Mr Owen’s 
book has a thesis, it is that 
internal political conflict Is a 
constant of totalitarian rede, 
thwarting any attempt to iso- 
late and identify a “crisis" 
with any degree of certainty. 

Compiling bis version of 
events from the scanty bits of 
information on which Krem- 
linologists base their condn- 
sions, such as die ominous 
ellipsis in an official press 
report or tbe order of attendees 
at an official function, Mr 
Owen does the best job possi- 
ble; yet the result amounts to 
little more than an exmdse in 
hindsight. As be himself 
would be first to acknowledge, 
until the relevant Soviet ar- 
chives are opened, we cannot 
know whether his — or anyone 
rise’s — analysis of the suc- 
cession game is even remotely 
accurate. More important, 
since this is a work of recon- 
struction rather than of prog- 
nostication, even a perfectly 
accurate account of the power 
straggles in the post-Brezhnev 
past can offer virtually no 
insight into tbe Gorbachov 

Andrei Navrozov 

By Richard Owen 



By Martin Walker 

Michael Joseph, £14.95 

present and fotme. This is foe 
fundamental shortcoming of 
Kremlmoiogy as a disdpime. 

By contrast. The Waking 
Giant is a chatty, nrbane 
paean to the gentrification of 
totalitarianism by The 
Guardian's nun ha Moscow. 
Mr Walker wastes no time 
reconstructing the hidden re- 
alities of Sonet rule; he con- 
structs them to partisan 
specifications with the energy 
and confidence of a Novosti 
Press Agency spokesman. To 
baBd his Potemkin village for 
the Eighties, the author relies 1 
on propaganda myths (CPSU 
workers are “sustained by the 
profit made from the sales of 
AttwEs and other party pobii- 
catioos, and by the party 
dees”), absurd didtes (“Tra- 
ditionally for Russia, war is 
something that other people 
inflict on them [jfefTt and bald 
assertions (“Staraya 
Ptoshadz" (grossly distorted 
Russian for Moscow’s Old 
Square, location of CFSlTs 
central committee secretariat! 
is “the real seat of power in the 
Soviet lidoa”). 

“Great Powers," writes this 
Oxford and Harvard-educated 
historian, “have 

a!ways~jdefended their em- 
pires in hostile ways. For every 
Afghanistan there is a 
Vietnam." Misspelling every 
third Russian word he uses, he 
«yn$ us that Russia “remains a 
country of which we know 
desperately little"; and as 
Marxists we might conclude 
that Oxford and Harvard are 
to blame. As mere readers, we 
may conclude that Mr Walker 
is possibly the most enthusias- 
tic apologist for the Soviet 
regime since Walter Durante. 

From scarlet to 

Last Post and the Empire mores oat Prince Charles and tbe British Governor, Lord Soanes, stand to attention as tire Union Jack 

down on R hode si a 

M uch has already been 
written about Britain's 
disengagement from the 
greatest empire, in the 
traditional sense of tbe term, the 
world has ever seen. Most of this 
has been put together from a 
political angle, with necessary con- 
sideration of economic and social 
factors and, naturally, some atten- 
tion to the military. What has been 
lacking hitherto, however, is a 
comprehensive account of the pro- 
cess of disengagement seen as a 
military continuum, recognizing the 
constant (and frequently overrid- 
ing) importance of the military 
component in the whole. 

Disengagement and withdrawal 
were in essence a continuous mili- 
tary operation, ft was made up of 
many different campaigns and ac- 
tions, in many different parts of the 
world, with sharp differences of 
climate, environment, and terrain, 
and with people of varied race and 
colour and — with the important 
exception of the uni versa! quest for 
independence from colonial rule — 
with widely differing aspirations. 
The complete act of disengagement 

can be seen as one coherent military 
whole, of interlocking and some- 
times scarcely compatible parts, all 
directed, of course, to political ends. 
But what military activity is not? 

This is a study ofthe essential tool 

John Hackett 

in a major act of political devolu- 
tion in a worid-wic 

-wide overseas 
empire, and tbe response of the 
British Armed Services to the heavy 
demands it made on them: de- 
mands that were dearly met in a 
manner demanding unstinted ad- 
miration. The one high constant 
throughout this kaleidoscopic man- 
ifestation was tbe performance of 
those in service, m one way or 
' another, under the British Down. 

General Jackson amplifies his 
approach by a tripartite division. 
His first part, “from rags to riches", 
briefly follows the high road to. 
Empire from the time of the first 
Elizabeth op to tbe point readied in 
die aftermath of the First World 
War. His last, and back to rags", 
follows the downward path traced 
through Ulster, the Oman. Southern 
Rhodesia, and the Falklands from 
197!, when withdrawal was com- 
pleted from South East Asia acoord- 


- By William Jackson 

Beosford. £17 JO 

ing to the United Kingdom’s overall 
plan, up to.1982. The mam purpose 
and value of this admirable and 
important book lies in an examina- 
tion of tbe military activities that 
were of paramount importance in' 
the journey from riches (in this 

the journey from riches (in this 
perhaps rather highly coloured fig- 
ure of speech) back to rags. This 

forms the main body of tbe book. 

Closely concerned though the 
author certainly was himself with 
much of the action he writes about 
be does, it all with dispassionate 
detachment His chapters on the 
post-war allied reoccupation of 
South East Asia, against the rising 
tides,, often confluent, of Commu- 
nism and nahnnalitm, and foe 

highly successful operations in Ke- 
nya and Malaysia to contain them, 
make text book reading. Our failure 

in the Middle East, where American 
ambitions over oil supply combined 
with a strong transatlantic anti- 
colonial hangover to offer formida- 
ble obstacles to what we tried to do, 
is weO and soberly handled. The 
chapter on “The Final 
Disengagement" ends with a tribute 
to British men-at-arms: “The cre- 
ation and withdrawal from Empire 
shows them at their best is the 
maritime environment — sea, land 
and air — meeting foe unexpected 
challenge anywhere in the world 
with judicious politico-military tac- 
tics which have made them some of 
Britain’s best ambassadors.” 

I single out one series of events to 
which General Jackson devotes 
particular attention. Speaking of the 
victory in Borneo he writes The 
battle for hearts and minds in 
Borneo was never lost in Vietman 
and in Aden it was never won." 
Jackson goes on to report Denis 
Healey’s observations in foe Com- 
mons on 27 November 1967, on 
operations in Borneo, Malaya, and 
Singapore, offered with perhaps 
pardonable pride by one of foe very' 
best Secretaries of State for Defence 

we have had, who was in office at 
foe time: in history books it will 
be recorded as one of the most 
efficient uses of military force in the 
history of foe world." 

This is a welcome and timely 
book. The military vertebral col- 
umn upon which die operations for 
Great Britain's successful and by no 
means nnrfignifiarf disengagement 
from Empire were bung is here for 
the first time to be seen in one piece. 
It is timely because many of the 
chief actors in this huge drama are 
still with us, in foe couioits if not on 
.stage, and records are now more 
freely available and memories still 
fresh. This account is crisply written 
in a calm and highly readable 
fashion. There are the usual pletho- 
ra of misprints and avoidable 
editorial errors. What book pub- 
lished today is without them? There 
are also a few- grammatical usages 
that might just be evidence of the 
advance of a living language, but 
which will look abide like lapses to 
some of the more conservative 
readers. It is a book which they, 
perhaps above many others, should 
read all the same. . 




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Mining engineer's dramatic 
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Atttanda Alliii A Sarah Dniinmntu 

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The Independent 
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Passion of writer 
as wife and lover 

Enid Bagnoki was beautiful, 
vivid, and attractive in 
youth — attracting mentors 
(such as Frank Hams, her first 
lover) and Prince Antoine 
Bibesco (also a (over), who 
both taught and encouraged 
her to write. 

Philippa Toomey 



Weidmfeld A Nicdsan , . 

Brought op in a military 
family, going to war as a VAD 
(her Diary without Dales was a 
literary sensatiqp), she led a 
mildly Bohemian London life, 
studying art with Sickert, and 1 
looking for a career — finding 
it, at the age of 30, in marriage 
to Sir Roderick Jones, head of 
Reuters. Four children, 
bouses in London and 
Rottingdean, servants and 
horses, went with a demand- 
ing social life as Indy Jones. • 
Sir Roderick, a terrifying mar- 
tinet in tbe office, required 
perfection at home. Like her 
friend Diana Cooper, Enid 
Bagnold considered his 
affaires with younger women 
to have no idevance to their 
marriage, and their long last- 
ing love: More interested in 
romance than sex, she fell in 
love quite often — even into 
old age. 

She continued to write nov- 
els, and then plays, about an 
aristocratic world, and the old: 
two unfashionable subjects in 
the 60s, and after. 

Anne Sebba has been able to 
consult the Reutet archives, 
which contained many of the 
private papers. She indicates, 
tactfully, foal tbe idiosyncratic 
autobiography is an artistic 
version of more prosaic and 
painful truths. This readable 
and lively biography reveals a 
passionate woman, who was 
painfirOy aware of foe difficul- 
ties of living as writer, and as a 
wife and mother — roles she 
played, but never to her 
satisfaction National Velvet 
and The Chalk Garden are 
minor classics. The Squire is 
to be republished soon. Enid 
Bagnold may yet become a' 
cult figure, and as successful as 
she longed to be. 


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‘1 have nothing bur praise fee the 
dedicated concern of chh book.' 
Trmi Fidiemun 

£14.95 " • 

More hits from Unwin Hyman 

This book is advertised as “an 
acerbic look at tbe reality of 
monarchy", aimed to restore 
foe balance; “because syco- 
phancy and awed reverence 
are foe stock-in-trade of al- 
most a& who discuss foe 
British monarchy." We are 
warned therefore that- the 
author is likely to be hostile 
and probably rude. He does 
not disappoint 
Early on he declares his 
intention to give straight an- 
swers to the following' ques- 
tions: Can Britain become a 
progressive state with a secre- 
tive hereditary monarchy at 
its heart? Is the Royal Family 
a symbol of unity? What 
lessons can be learnt from foe 
monarchy's “often lurid 
past"? Should there be 

. Beginning with George m, 
and carrying the historical 
narrative up to tbe present 
day, Mr Brendon examines 
each king's failure. Zealously 
be reveals all tbe faults, while 
only occasionally and most 
grudgingly admitting a virtue. 
For example he says of George 
IV that he “continued to 
lavish fantastic sums on 
clothes and building (Includ- 
ing the bogus Gothic embel- 
lishments to Windsor 
Castle)" — hardly a fair as- 
sessment of George IVs con- 
tribution to our architectural 
heritage. Mr Brendon has' a 
curious habit of knocking one 
king down; then, when he 
turns on his successor, he uses 
the former king as another 

Pest of 

Hugo Vickers 

By Piers Brendon 

Seeker A Wasburg. £9.95 

ivdy he “might be replaced by 
a better candidate." Finally we 
are told: .“As a republic 
Britain could experience a 
renaissance. Al the very least 
she would purge herself of the 
archaic influences which' to- 
day corrupt her character, 
deform her society, and retard 
her progress." Mr Brendon 
does not warn “a bloody 

weapon, suddenly a ^ 
of virtue. As such he is 

like a school bully, gathering 
his team around him to 
victimize each of die gang in 

Speaking of Lord 
Altrincham’s assault on foe 
monarchy, Mr .Brendon 
writes; “Actually Altrincham's 
criticisms did foe monarchy a 
signal service, just as he 
intended." Does Mr Brendon 
intend his criticisms to boost 
foe system? I think not, for he 
concludes that he would like 
an elected President, “a figure- 
bead whose duties are almost 
entirely ornamental, though 
be may have weD-defined and 
extremely limited functions as 
a political longstop." He 
would like a written constitu- 
tion, which would apparently 
“help to eliminate hidden, 
hereditary influence front 
politics as being incompatible 
with democratic principles.” 
The Lords would be elected. 
Oh, and if the President failed 
to argue apolitical case effect-. 



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revolution." He hopes his pipe 
dream of a republic will arrive 
“without social damage.” 

- I wish 1 had confined myself 
to the opening chapter of this 
book and its conclusion, with- 
out ploughing through all foe 
one-sided arguments against 
our kings. Mr Brendon had 
derided from the- start that 
they could do no right There- 
fore to read bis boric is rather 
like talqnga train journey with 
a malicious person, who pours 
scorn on everything discussed. 
1 admit that he was unlikely to 
convince me of the advan- 
tages of a republic, but his case 
is constantly weakened by foe 
combination of bias and gra- 
tuitous unpleasantness. 1 am 
not eVen convinced that in Mr 
Brendon-we have a burning 

The Queen did not reward 
Eden’s Suez efforts with the 
Garter. He received it two 
yearn before, in 1954. 




' V'u 

*«i •• _ 






‘ 17 




By William Empson 
Edited by John Haffenden 

•Ckotto & Windus, £12.95 

T here is no reason why 
academics should not also 
be what is popularly known 
as “creative” writers. 
Amen can universities are stuffed 
with them (although they tend to 
adopt the tmscholastic tide of 
writer-in-residence) and there are 
some notable examples of the 
double hie in this country, David 
Lodge and Malcolm Bradbury being 
two of the most eminent But it is 
rare here; and it was rarer still when 
William Empson was both a 
Profesor of English Literature and a 
celebrated poet. 

He was best known as a critic, 
however, which must have been a 
particularly galling fate fin- him - a 
disappointment all the greater be- 
cause. as John Haffenden explains 
’ in his introduction to this collection 
; of Empson's previously unpub- 
* fished work, he began with high 
hopes as a playwright and poet In 
; feet when be was an undergraduate 
- at Cambridge, in the Twenties, he 
and his writing became something 
v ofa cult This is generally disastrous 
- for everyone concerned, of course, 
and English life is tittered with the 
l burnt-out relics of young men. and 
a women who were once hai >d as 
“promising” or aedaimed as 

By all accounts Empson was a 
' clever, spirited, and quick-witted 
young man; such people flourish in 
university conditions (and by the 
* strange alchemy of fete they tend to 
produce work which university 
audiences particularly admire), but - 
they are also the ones who seem 
; most easily to go astray in the outer 
world. There is an old phrase about 
1 being so sharp that one cuts oneself; 
and that seems to have been 
Empson’s especial destiny. How 
. else is it that a writer once as 
promising as he should now be 
remembered only for two or three 
critical studies — chief among them 
; being Seven Types of A mbiguity and 
Some Versions of PastoraP. They 
~ may be what are called “seminal” 
books, bm they are not literature. 

The famous organ of hindsight 
might also discern danger in the feet 
that Empson achieved a clear-out 
literary success at a very early age; 

~ Seven Types of Ambiguity itself was 
published when he was 24, and his 
best poetry was bring written and 
praised in the same period. In feet 
; much of the material collected here 
is drawn from those years — his 
_ poetry and drama were then as tense 
as a wire but often as thin, with die 

T oo smart for Art 

Peter Ackroyd on a final 
collection by the critic 
who aimed to create 

of the bom 
critic manifesting itself As a result 
much of his early work now seems 
jejune and somewhat flat, display- 
rog an intellectual precocity that is 
fatally aligned with so me thi ng very 
close to emotional naivety. Empson 
was a smart manipulator of lan- 
guage, with a talent for cultural 
allusion matched only by bis in- 
stinct for parody and pastiche. This 
is what one would expect in a clever 
and highly educated young writer, 
but these are abilities that have to be 
transcended or enlarged before any 
serious work can be done. Empson 
was a water-diviner oflanguage who 
stayed upon the surface, finding 
only a fine spray rather than the 
hidden springs. 

And wash also malign fete which 
sent him to the Far East? Certainly 
it is yet another graveyard for me 
incipient English writer, who often 
ends up in a kind of cultural no 
man’s land, half estranged from the 
West, and only half understanding 
the East Empson began the longest 
item in this collection, “The Royal 
Beasts”, during the eariy part of the 
Sino-Japanese war when be was 
lecturing in rhina. It is an unfin- 
ished “fable” concerning a new 
species of creature, neither human 
nor animat and wi thin its mainly 
didactic and dialectical form one 
sees again how firmly Empson’s 
writing is dominated by intefiectual 
concerns. It is a book pervaded by 
purely mental excitement, exhila- 
rating or wearying according to 
taste; but the example of Aldoos 
Huxley ought to be enough to 
suggest that such excitement is not 
in itself enough to animate or direct 

fiction. You ran the risk of giving 
the reader a terrible headache. 

The same problem besets the last 
piece here, “The Elephant and die 
Birds”, which is essentially a scenar- 
io for a ballet designed to combine 
Buddhist and Western attitudes in 
some zoological spectacle. Again 
Empson is trying decently to clothe 
intellectual points or themes, but, in 
the absence of properly dramatic 
garments, they seem more like 
scarecrows. The Buddhist dements 
are not a success; they randy are in 
the West where, to put it crudely. 
Buddhism is generally regarded as a 
great bore. 

But Empson himself was never 

boring: he was clever, provocative, a 

writer disting uished both by the 
subtlety and by the rigour of his 

B ut he was not an artist He 
was moved or excited pri- 
marily by ideas, where his 
more creative contempo- 
raries merely exploited them when 
it was necessary to do so. Empson 
believed in ideas; someone like 
Eliot, one of his literary heroes, 
picked them up for a particular 
poem or play only to put them down 
again when they were no longer 
convenient Empson seems also to 
have suffered from the kind of 
analytical obsessiveness that pre- 
dudes genuine creative achieve- 
ment; be seized upon a central 

perception or interest (he had an 
especial affection for images of the 
Buddha, for example) and never let 
it rest But this is the enthusiasm of 
the analyst, or the collector, rather 
than of the artist 
Of course it could be said that he 
was cleverer than most creative 
writers. And yet the melancholy feet 
remains that it is possible to be too 
dever to be a properly imaginative 
artist - to be too seffcousdous, too 
academically parsimonious with 
lan g ua g e , too aware of the various 
cultural and historical contexts in 
which one works, and so on. 
Empson seems to fell into that 
special category. It is interesting to 
examine his previously unseen 
work; but the most intriguing and 
significant aspects of this volume 
are really those of the cautionary 

The poet as a 
sacred monster 


y of the week y 

We keep being given hors 
d'oeuvres for pudding. When 
the British reading public has 
developed a taste for the major 
works of a foreign author, h is 
then fed with the minor or 
early ones; last week it was an 
early novel by Carios Faentes, 
and this week one by Milan 
Knndera. Life is Elsewhere, 
completed in 1969, has never 
been published in Czech, the 
language in which it was 
written, though it appeared in 
French and American editions 
in the 1970s. Kimdera is the 
saddest, funniest, and most 
lovable of authors, and addicts 
aril] grab this book gratefully; 
newcomers can follow it ap at 
once with The Unbearable 
Lightness of Being. 

Life is Elsewhere is the story 
from birth to bis death at 20 of 
JamniL, a boy growing up in 
post-war Prague. He is “the 
poet” — the romantic, self-ab- 
sorbed lyric poet oa the model 
of Keats, Shelley, and Rim- 
baud, talented ami sensitive, 
but in everyday human terms 
“a monster”, with an insatia- 
ble l on g ing for admiration and 
fame, and a fantasy of his own 
special destiny. Ktmdera's aim 
is to work out how such a 
personality is formed. 

“The poet’s mother” is a 
key figure. Disappointed in 
her longing for “a great love” 
she transfers her infatuated 
devotion to the little boy. 
JaromO's childish remarks, to 
his own surprise, are hailed by 
her as briOiaiit and origin!, 
evidence of his “unique inner 
world”. Exploiting this adula- 
tion, be grows up trapped in an 
“artificial childhood”, expect- 
ing love to be absolute. He 
uses other people as “marvel- 
kins mirrors”; an expert in 
emotional blackmail, he re- 
quires unconditional surrender 
from his unfortnnate girl 
friend. “Love is total or it 
doesn't exist” 

JaromO's poetry is not nec- 
essarily bad, but it is self- 
serving. The lyric poet 
“squeezes his heart with the 
same detachment as a house- 
wife squeezing a lemon over 
her salad.” It’s easy to see why 
the book was not published in 
Czechoslovakia, since when 
JaromQ, needing a heroic 

of the week 



By Milan Knndera 
Translated by 
Peter Kussi 
Faber. £9.95 

canse, joins the Party, his 
immature absofotisUl finds its 
natural home. Political slo- 
gans intoxicate him as much 
as his private poetic attitudi- 
nizing, and he exploits the 
oppressive Party line for his 
own setf-indnlg^Bt purposes. 
“The hangman and the poet”, 
says Kimdera, are equally 
implicated in making political 
totalitarianism possible. The 
budding poet and his adoring 
mother create a lampoon of 
revolutionary romanticism 
that treats lyric poetry as a 
species of adolescent neurosis 

But Knndera stresses in his 
afterword that Jarorafl, in all 
his tragi-comic enormity, is 
not a product of Communism 
but a universal type. It’s true, 
we've all known someone like 
“the poet”, and he flourishes 
even in the West. This is why 
Ktmdera's fiction is so widely 
read and appreciated; personal 
and political tyrannies are 
related to one another in a 
painfully c on v in c in g way. 
Knndera, however large his 
concerns, never loses sight of 
the isolated individual locked 
in his own life. As he writes 
here, apropos of the poet's 
anhappy mother: “Even dur- 
ing epochs when the storms of 
history rage, sooner or later 
the banal, the everyday 
emerges ont of the shadows 
and the conjugal bed looms 
huge in its monumental trivial- 
ity and staggering 

The banal and the everyday 
trap Jaronril too. He achieves 
the statutory early death of the 
romantic hero — by catching a 

AH things considered, I weald 
rather have Dannie Abse take 
\ my blood press ure than, say, 

- John Keats. Abse, like Keats, 
had a medical training. UnHte 

■ Keats, he did not abandon the 
, practice of methane when he 
' took up Die practice of verse. 

- He has been for most of Ins 
: adult life a doctor as well as a 

- poet It is a disservice to his 
. integrity to speak of tile 

• activities as separate. Dr Abse 
. is one man. Thai one man is a 

• good poet and — I should 
# guess — a good doctor. He has 

■ *. a level way of looking at 

• things, and an honest style in 
. which to tell yon the worst 

!’■ Not wishing to pronounce the 
taboo word 
I used to write, “Add-fast 
organisms . 

Earlier physicians noted with 
a guiB, 

• “The animalcules generate 

their own kind 

and kilt." Some Bed. Or 
murmured, “ Phthisis, 
King's Evil, Consumption, 
Koch k Disease." 
£ But friend of student days, 
r - John Roberts, downed, 

1 “TB r re got Yon know what 

• TB signifies? 

I Totally buggered Be 
“ toughed. Bis sister arutd. 

»' The music of sound is the 

• sound ef musk. 

‘I With its mixture of the high 

-“and the low, the lyrical and tiie 
x conversational, as well as for 

the hard-won but never oWru- 

of verse 


Robert Nye 

sive skill with which it mixes 
the two modes, this is thor- 
oughly typical of the work in 
Abse’s latest collection Ask 
the Bloody Horse (Hutchin- 
son , £3S5), a Poetry Book 
Society Choice. This is an 
immediately attractive and 
readable book, packed with 
the staff of real me seen at a 
slight angle of originality. If 
Abse has a fault it lies perhaps 
in a tendency to tame the 
bloody horse of his inspiration 
in the interest of assuring ns off 
the merits of his own human- 
ism. Poetry is not exactly 
medicine, any more than it is 
altogether a disease. I conld 
wish for a touch more wildness 
from the good doctor. 

Beneath a fabricated and 
clever surface the poems in 
Anthony Howell's Why I May 
Never See the Wafts of China 
(AavO, £10.95, paperback 
£5S5) are as wild as they 
come. Here is a younger poet 
capable of looking at intense 

feelings through a splendidly 
literate quizzing-glass of wit. 
Howell's insistence on poetry 
as a game witfa-rafes can be 
liberating and inspiring only 
when set beside the antics of 
some of his contemporaries, 
still self-addicted to language 

Now this might seem a 
carious way of trading a poet 
who has been praised (and 
rightly so) for his powers of 
abstraction, of being (as he 
says himself) one of those 
talented modems / Who begin 
from nothings Perhaps so. hut 
I think it is worth noting that 
Howell says this in a piece 
entitled “Love Poem”, a piece 
as passionate as it is playful 
and aD the more awkwardly 
impressive for tint reason. 
Why / May Never See the 
WaBs of China is ra the best 
sense a ceremonious book. 
Each poem in it is a ceremony. 
And' the ceremonies do not 
celebrate the poet so modi as 
they celebrate certain emo- 
tional and intenectual land- 
scapes that collectively may be 
taken for the geography of 
poetry ifselL Best of ad, this 
most accomptished explorer is 
driven by an awareness that 
his maps can never tell the 
whole story; 

Among reptiEan roots. 
Between the spent repBcas of 

CBnging to puce trunks. 

She enters the imagination of 
the OU Masters. 

the fascinating story of the rise, ■ 





M^brilfently spares tte 
ibis penetrating. atnusHg audy 

ata^rfincdoor.ndblsckandwtec . m« 

Life is so strange in South 
America that there are those 
who say Gabriel Garcia 
Marquez, ' its greatest writer, 
has invented nothing; that he 
has merely toddled out into 
the streets with his tape- 
recorder and turned it on. 

By way of illustration, such 
harpies could brandish with 
profit The Story of a 
Shipwrecked Sailor. It was 
who this short “journalistic 
reconstruction”, written in 
Dickensian instalments nearly 
thirty years ago, that Marquez 
made his name as a journalist. 
The unforeseen reverbera- 
tions from his interview with 
Luis Akjandro Velasco were 
responsible for bis leaving 
Colombia (thereby giving him 
the exile's distance to write 
One Hundred Years of Soli- 
tude). Though he professes in 
his preface not to see the 
usefulness of publishing the 
story in book form, it never- 
theless for a stimulat- 
ing foreword to his own 
fiction. For, popping up in 
Randolph Hogan's fine trans- 
lation long after the event, this 
bottled piece of journalism 
has developed a significance 
of its own while adrift on the 

It is the tale told not by a 
shipwrecked sailor, but by one 
who in JFebruaiy 1955 fell 
overboard a Colombian de- 
stroyer. Surviving ten days 
without food and water, 
Velasco scrambled ashore in 


The scoop that was stranger 
almost than the later fiction 

his own country where, kissed 
by beauty queens and decorat- 
ed by the military dictator- 
ship, he was made into a brief 
hero. Deliberately, and, as 
Marquez puts it, courageously 
dynamiting his own statue, 
Vdasco then sought the au- 
thor to narrate the true story: 
that the destroyer was so 
weighed down with illegal 
contraband it could not rescue 
those swept overboard; that: 
“I did nothing heroic All my 
efforts went toward saving 
myself” In this tropical 
world, as Marquez shows in 
manipulating the narrative for 
his own ends, truth can 
emerge only through the hon- 
est lies of fiction. And in the 
end, faintly echoing Heming- 
way, Coleridge, and Defoe, 
fiction is how this gripping 
tale of survival reads. 

Buffeted by sharks, so tor- 
tured with thirst that even the 
thought of gulfs blood makes 
him salivate, Velasco drifts 
under the metallic sun, vacil- 
lating between hope and de- 
spair, between open-eyed 
clarity of vision and the wider 
eyes of barking madness. If as 
Marquez admits, the drifting 
raft resembles his own exile. 




By Gabriel Garda 
Cape. £8.95 


By Monique 

Hamish Hamilton, £9.95 


By Michael Estorick 
Duckworth, £9.95 

the destroyer that abandoned 
it, corrupted by foreign and 
contraband freight, might be 
seen as Colombia. While the 
fection^ooraalism is worth 
reading, like eveiything this 
man writes, it is a pity that we 
do not also have as an 
afterword tire critical study of 
Mario Vargas Llosa, whose 
work oo Marquez remains 
sadly untranslated. 

In common with Velasco’s 
testimony, a first novel is 
often drawn too directly from 
life. Monique Charlesworth ’s 
accomplished debut leaves 
one with the distinct, uncom- 
fortable feeling it is an act of 
revenge, and that like her re 
coniacts-hdp-syshh the cold, 
manipulating Victor, the au- 
thor is putting pen to paper so 
“I can dissect and be done 
with him in careful, consecu- 
tive paragraphs." 

Set in the Hambuig busi- 
ness world and, to begin with, 
overstaffed with disparate ex- 
periences and deformed char- 
acters, it does eventually lose 
its tense stiffness and develop 
into a most unusual saga of 

It will be interesting to see if 
Michael Estorick has another 
novel in him, for his own 
sharply readable work seems 
more the mark of someone 
laundering his bang-ups than 
the advent of a natural writer 
of fiction. That said. Can't 
Buy Me Love — a terrible 
title — is distinguished by 
some crisp dialogue, one 
memorable set piece (a debu- 
tante ball at the Grosvenor), 
and a delightful examination 

of the frictions in a dose 
Jewish family. 

Most convincing is the por- 
trait of the unpleasantly selfish 
central character. Simon has 
the money and the time to be 
self-obsessed Less fascinated 
in finishing his thesis than in 
our class system, he alternates 
between the desire to belong — 
i.e. to be an English gentle- 
man — and the taking of pride 
in what he imagines prevents 
him — Le. his Jewish ancestry. 

Estorick (the author of a 
book on the claim to the 
Dukedom of Leinster) be- 
comes very contrived when he 
attempts to harness these two 
strains in an implausible story 
about a claim to the Earldom 

• End of “77, by Richard 
Sheridan (Chatio & Windus, 
£9.95). Sheridan shows him- 
self to be streetwise in his first 
novel, set in druggy, punk- 
rock Chelsea; but he portrays a 
street one does not care to 
amble down. His characters 
range from a National Front 
brute to a female DJ on the 
sniff for a child Much else is 
miffed and snorted beside, 
with the result that End of 77 
smacks of a man on a bad trip. 
Sheridan's narrative strands 
drift Uke separate columns of 
acrid smoke until they disap- 
pear altogether. Looking 
about for the main character 
to interpret them, one finds 
him keeled over, sloppy with 
Special Brew — and snoring. 

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Minard displayed sc r dimensions of data on the two-dimensional surface of the paper. 

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a * m iw li ft : 

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Jim Callaghan, who has decided 
not to stand again at the next 
election, already seems to be 
rehearsing for retirement with an 
uncharacteristic reticence about 
Labour Party policy. On Tuesday 
night at an education and. training 
seminar at Westminster Con- 
ference Centre he told his audi- 
ence of 2.000 that he would 
answer questions on any topic 
save those of the party’s defence 
policy and what he termed 'The 
nurtv left." A for cry from his 
stance at the 1983 election, when 
he helped Michael Fool down the 
road to defeat with his unsolicited 
critique of unilateralism. 

• Publishers John Wiley and 
Sons have jost sent out invitations 
to a buffet lunch at the Cheddar 
Cheese in Fleet Street to hunch a 
new book. Its title: Alcohol and 

Stock answer 

Aware of the potential of public 
humiliation, judges in Oregon are 
now asking criminals to publicize 
their contrition in newspaper 
advertisements. The Washington 
Post cites a recent example, which 
opens engagingly: “I apologize to 
the citizens of Newport for my 
improper business dealings in 
connection with the Jump-Off Joe 
condominiums.” Meanwhile, two 
Oklahoma judges are encouraging 
— as a term of probation for drank 
drivers — the display of bumper 
stickers advertising the convic- 
tion. It will not surprise me if such 
deterrent measures spread to 
Britain; transport minister Peter 

Bottomley already sounds in- 
i Y« 

terested. Yesterday, although be 
suggested that court reports in the 

local press already did touch of the 

job of publicizing convictions, he 
asked me to forward him a copy of 
the Post article. I await his 
findings with interest 

Chiffoning out 

Will the Princess of Wales be 
committing a sartorial gaffe when 
she gets to Saudi Arabia? The 
kingdom operates a stria ban on 
goods made or sold by Jews and 
Jewish firms; yet to make up a 
special wardrobe for her visit the 
Princess turned to, among others, 
Jewish designers Victor Edelstein, 
Jacques Azagury and the Eman- 
uels. Saudi matrons get round the 

problem by cutting out the labels 

their Marks and Spencer 
togs. I do hope the princess takes 

similar .action. 

• I learn that the goalkeeper of 
Bordeaux Town football dub is 
named Dropsy. Whether this has 
relevance to his lack of handling 
ability or to the effects of the local 
wine, I hesitate to say. 

Senior service 

Professor Heinz Wolff of Brunei 
University, compere of tele- 
vision's Great Egg Race, diverted 
an audience at an Agile 80s 
conference at the Cafe Royal in 
London yesterday with a few 
thoughts on how we should look 
after our ever-growing number of 
pensioners — 10 million at the last 
count Products that aid weaken- 
ing muscles should be sold through 
Mothercare-styJe shops called, he 
suggested, Grannycare. As to the 
question of how our elders should 
be addressed, he rejected “silver- 
tops'’ and “wrinklies” in favour of 
“super-adults”, for which I ap- 
plaud him. 



a - 
•• * • 

‘ft’s good to scene 
member of the hue" 
decisive about : 

Rara avis 

Hie British Trust for Ornithology 
has supplied unusually detailed 
biographical notes about speakers 
at its forthcoming conference. 
Indeed, I suggest, we are told too 
much about one of them: Richard 
Porter, head of Species Protection 
at the Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds. “Richard has 
just ordered a Morgan and his 
stockbroker lives in 
Peterborough,” says the blurb. 


Charlotte Bathurst of Cirencester 
writes to toll me of another 
airborne sighting of the extraor- 
dinary Joan Rivers (PHS Nov 10). 
She accompanied the entire Riv- 
ers family first class to Los Angeles 
noting, as had I, their habit of 
taking two seats apiece. The 
family made a swift getaway on 
landing , using two wheelchairs to 
transport their copious luggage. 
Mrs Bathurst, by contrasusuffeted 
a two-hour delay through cus- 
toms, and then discovered that her 
case had disappeared along with 
the Rivers' 26 pieces. The Rivers' 
chauffeur brought it to her hotel 
that night. “Moral,’’ writes Mis B, 
“if you hear that Joan Rivas is on 
a flight, switch to another.” 


There were no surprises in 
yesterday's Queen's Speech, and 
that is bow the government would 
like it to stay. We learned as much 
from what was not in the speech as 
from what it contained. 

There was no mention, for 

Robin Oakley, Political Editor, analyses 
yesterday’s Speech from die Throne 

of the border and say that the 

example, of the plan to privatize 

the water authorities. There was 
no mention of the government's 
intention eventually to relax the 
licensing laws. No risks are to be 
taken with that sort of issue this 
session after the ignominious 
failure of the plan to liberalize 
Sunday shopping announced in 
last year's programme. 

there is no wish this year to stir 
up the pressure groups. Even the 
planned new bill on copyright Jaw, 
involving the controversial levy 
on blank tapes, has been dropped 
despite a desperate rearguard ac- 
tion by the Trade Secretary, Paul 
Channon. to keep it in. There are 
no legislative {dans to follow up 
the Peacock Committee's recom- 
mendations on the BBC The 
legislation on rates reform is 
confined strictly to the Scots, for 
whom it is potentially far more 
popular after rating revaluations. 

Boat rocking radicalism is also 
out of fashion. The ideologues 
have been shoved unceremo- 
niously back into the shadows in 
the name of consolidation. This is 
the programme of a government 
planning a “let us finish the job" 
election campaign — not so light- 
weight as to allow the opposition 
to claim that it is a mere paper 
exercise but not so heavyweight 
either that a few of its bills could 
not be jettisoned if an early 
election beckoned without the 
electorate feeling cheated . 

Above all it is a Queen's Speech 
designed to ensure an untroubled 

A programme 
with both eyes 
on an election 

parliamentary session which wfll 
leave the government looking in 
control of events. Ministers do not 
believe that the Conservative 
recovery in the opinion polls owes 
everything to the Alliance hash on 
defence. They reckon that it owes 
nearly as much to the lull in 
parliamentary activity during the 
Commons recess and the absence 
of any more Westland and Land 
Rover rows. 

The Criminal Evidence Bill 
leads the list of 19 bills. It is, of 
course, just the right time to re- 
establish the Tory credentials as 
the law and order party after 
Labour's sustained assault on the 
crime figures had begun to reflea 
in the polls. The bill implements 
many of the Roskfll Committee’s 
recommendations on fraud trials 
too, enabling the government to 
soothe middle-class consciences 
by demonstrating that it is not just 
after the muggers but the City 
parasites too. 

And with its provisions allow- 
ing children to give evidence in 
sex and assault cases by direct 

video link it reflects the growing 
public concent about the increase 
m crime against children. 

J ohn Patten, the Housing Min- 
ister, gets the chance to dem- 
onstrate the switch in emphasis 
from the rights of would-be home- 
owners to those of tenants with a 
bin to improve protection for 
those who live in privately-owned 
Mocks of flats. The Channel 
Tunnel Bill and the Dartfbni 
Tunnel Bill, both projects to be 
buflt with private money, will 
underline the government's new 
concern with employment- 
providing infrastructure works. 

The rest of the programme will 
be dominated by local govern- 
ment legislation and by education. 
The long promised reform of 
domestic rates will start with a ball 
to abolish rates in Scotland, 

replacing them with a community 

charge payable by all over 
When the opposition refers at 
election time to those oft-repeated 
promises by Mrs Thatcher and her 
party to do away with rates they 
win at least be able to point north 

It foils to Nicholas Ridley, foe 
Environment Secretary, to main- 
tain the Tory themes of taking 
excessive politics out of local 
government and providing better 
value for money for ratepayers. 
His Local Government Bill will 
force councils to put out to 
competitive tender such services 
as rcfose coBection, street cleaning 
and catering and it trill prcventlhe 
imposition by councils of unfair 
non-commercial conditions on 
private companies tendering for 
local authority contracts (for 
example penalizing those also 
involved in South Africa). 

Some senior Tories believe that 
a good parliamentary perfor- 
mance by Ridley between now 
and foe next election could win 
him the Chancellor’s post in foe 
next parliament First though, he 
has to demonstrate his political 
skills by heading off a potentially 
dangerous revolt by shoe county 
Torres over the distribution of this 
year’s rate support grant . 

The Home Secretary, Douglas 
Hurd, will steer the Criminal 
Justice Bill through the Commons 
with David Mellor, foe Home 
Office Minister, playing a major 
role. Given such an o pp ortunity, 
Meflor could talk his way into the 
Cabinet in foe next parliament. 
For Hurd, and for foe even more 
high profile Kenneth Baker, 
Education Secretary, there is an 
even more exciting prize to play 
fra - in the post-election and even- 
tually post-Thatcher years while 
some of their rivals have less 
chance to show off their talents. 
That may add a little spice to an 
otherwise bland government pro- 

James Eberle on the urgent need for an international commitment 

Who shall 

we join 
for a sure 

in space? 

Government ministers will 
shortly be asked to consider foe 
future shape of the British space 
programme. That future is not 
simply a matter of what makes 
sense for Britain. The space 
business is inherently inter- 
national; the development of 
space technologies depends on 
international collaboration, and 
the regulation of foe use of space, 
both military and civil, depends 
on international agreement. A 
decision will soon have to be 
reached on whether Europe will 
accept President Reagan's invita- 
tion to co-operate in designing and 
building, together with Japan and 
Canada, a space station for foe 

For these reasons, the Royal 
Institute of International Affairs is 
currently undertaking an in- 
vestigation of the international 
dimention to British space policy; 
and with sister institutes in other 
European countries is conducting 
a joint study on die future of 
European space policy. More than 
80 per cent of the government- 
funded investment in civil space 
is, at the moment, spent through 
the European Space Agency. 

What, then, are the factors 
which British ministers should 
take into account in reaching tbeir 
decision? Our European friends 
say that we, foe British, need to 
an imaginative leap forward. 
Space technology is important and 
will become more important. 
Direct and indirect applications 
wiU, in the longer term, have a 
profound effect upon our econo- 
mies, our cultures and our sec- 
urity. There is already fierce 
intercontinental competition to 
devdop and market space launch 
capabilities, particularly in the 
light of the US space shuttle 
disaster, not only in the US, the 
USSR and Europe, but also, 
strikingly, Japan and China. 

No individual European coun- 
try has the resources or the 
capability to keep up in the space 
race. Only through collective ef- 
fort has Western Europe a chance 
of making a tigoificant impact An 

£ ■ - J O 

active space policy is a necessary 
attribute of a country or group of 
countries which aspires to serious 
international influence. So the 
argument runs. 

The difficulty is that this is not 
the way in which space policy has 
been viewed, typically and histori- 
cally, in Britain. Space activities 
have been seen as foe purview of 
the military superpowers, with 
British interests being pursued 
peripherally by a small number of 
enthusiastic scientists and a few 
industrialists, and intermittently 
by defence experts. The commer- 
cial success of some of our major 
aerospace companies in the manu- 
facture of communication sat- 
ellites has received scant atten- 
tion. In terms of public policy and 
public expenditure, space has bad 
no special “clout” in competing 
with many other claimants for 
attention mid investment 

Decisions have often depended 
on narrow and short-term “on 
balance” arguments. Thus we 
have avoided a choice of whether 
to “get into” space or to “get out 
or space by continuing to dabble 
in the space business without 
showing any significant govern- 
ment commitment to it 

If Britain continues in this over- 
cautious vein, our European 
friends teB us, we risk becoming 
foe “also rans,” users of space 
technology, not producers, with 

little influence in determining 
future patterns of international 
collaboration, and dependent on 
the priorities of our partners, both 
in Europe and across foe Atlantic. 

In January this year, tire govern- 
ment took a small but most 
welcome step forward in establish- 
ing the British National Space 
Centre to pro vide a focus for co- 

Insteadc? retying^mfoe sum of 
foe separate interests of individual 
government departments, BNSC 
was charged with producing a 
coherent overview in consultation 
with the widening interest in space 
of industry and foe universities. 

The aims were to ensure both 
that foe czvfl space activities are 
looked at in the round and — 
crucially — tbeir integration with 
the needs of the military space 
programme. We also need to 
review the balance between our 
national space effort and our 
international commitments. Roy 
Gibson, the Director of BNSC 
and his colleagues have worked 
hard to produce a coherent strat- 
egy upon which tire government 
can base a space policy. 

We need to be dear that the 
future of the British space pro- 
gramme now rests on a strategic 
choice. It is a strategic choice with 
major implications, both military 
and civilian. The pace of technical 
change will not readily allow us to 

continue dabblura and to have 
another lode in five years’ time. 
The economic and technological 
drive of other governments* space 
programmes wfll not pause while 
we have second or third thoughts. 
Crucial European ■ and inter- 
national negotiations will take 
place in 1987. Britain must assess 
our future space programme in 
relation to the likely important 
impact of space on international 
relations and as the fixture “entting 
edge” of technology; not just on 
the narrow criteria of foe current 
situation and foe costs of the 

We cannot proceed alone. We 
thus have to be dear about our 
p referred partners for collabora- 
tion. On the civilian sktej our 
small contribution hasbeen firmly 

in the European Space Agency’s 
basket This needs to be re- 

inforced. On the military tide, we 
have favoured a mix ox national, 
Anglo-American and Nato pro- 
grammes. However, our leading 
European partners, especially the 
French and Germans, are now 
actively discussing the develop- 
ment of both military and civil 
applications of apace on a joint 
European basis. We need to join 

Qtlw— N— w ii rni. WS. 

Admiral Sir James Eberle is 
Director of the Royal Institute of 
International Affairs. 

The hostage incident at Peterhead 
prison is an instance of the 
customary pad between prison 
staff and inmates breaking down. 
It is not, however, an isolated 
incident. The 1983 annual report 
of the Prison Department said that 
“a most unwelcome new trend 
was the increased number of 
incidents ofhostage taking. Eleven 
such incidents occurred in 1983, 
the highest total ever in a single 
year.” An assistant governor at 
Parkhurst was held for two days. 
And according to the Home 
Office, there were a further 11 
hostage incidents in 1985-86. 

Order in prison life is balanced 
on very insecure foundations. The 
Staff cannot control every aspect 
of every prisoner’s life for every 
minute. Once it was baccy barons 
who had foe power over fellow 
prisoners through their monopoly 
and the money that comes from it 
Today, in some prisons, it is drugs 

Peter Evans on the tensions that can lead 

to Peterhead-style hostage taking 

When the prison 
system fails 

Power in prisons may also come 
from tribal groupings. One of foe 
most ferocious riots before the 
recent crop in May was at Worm- 
wood Scrubs in 1979. The official 
inquiry identified four significant 
groups: the London gangsters; the 
IRA faction which, disturbingly, 
“was perhaps foe best organised 
and certainly foe most politically 
motivated group within foe 
Wing”; the black prisoners, over 
whom foe 2RA exercised some 
influence but whose development 
as a group had “more to to with 
seif-protection an attempt to se- 
cure a degree of institutional 
power” than with black political 
consciousness; and, finally, sex 

-Oil orKw wmIw trv 

who bad banded together for 

These groupings show the na- 
ture of the forces with which 
officers have to cope. Tribal 
groupings, for instance, have 
sometimes played a part in riots as 
prisoners herded together to share 
out contraband or to defend 
themselves against a higher 
proportion of hard men than foe 
prison service has ever before had 
to cope with. Hus, along with 
drugs and foe pressure of in- 
creased numbers, is one reason 
why foe old system of order by 
consensus is breaking down. 

Prison officers, raced with in- 
transigence, tend to withdraw 
from close contact They cannot 
then sensitively gauge foe institu- 
tional mood. It is easy enough to 
sense trouble if more inmates 
report sick or if there are more 
petty annoyances. But there are 
other subtler signs — the tone of 
voice, uncharacteristic brusque- 
ness, avoidance of contact — 
which escape notice. 

The trouble is that staff putting 
themselves in close contact with 
prisoners may think themselves at 
risk, particularly in some of tbe . 

mnHem nritnm which do 

not provide the kind of oversight 
of the Victorian prisons. And the 
risk is not only to staff: Inmates 
were taken hostage in eight of the 
1 1 incidents of last year (the other 
three involved staff a patient is 
an outside hospital and, in one 
case, the perpetrators visitors). 

IX Stephen Shaw, director of 
the Prison Reform Trust, finds it 
significant that all maximum sec- 
urity prisons in England and 
Wales except for Frankland, near 
Durham, which was recently com- 
pleted, and Long Lartin, near 
Evesham, have had riots. Long 
Lartin provides a clue; hs regime 
is said to be more relaxed than 
most with a closer relationship 
between prisoners and staff and 
with more for inmates to da 

The objert of the hostage taking 
or riot may be to draw attention to 
some grievance, apparently petty 
when seen from the outside world. 
Bui inside prisons small issues are 
magnified. Publicity can also be a 
stimulus. The newly appointed 
governor of Wymott Prison, Barry 
Coombs, believes that the four 
hours of trouble at Wymott prison 
in May blew up after tbe 10 pm 
news which reported incidents at 

other nrnmw Inmates hearine the 

bulletin decided to stage their own 

What should be done when 
hostages are taken? Mud) depends 
on the nature of tbe hostage-taker. 
If he is deranged, a frontal attack 
using CS gas may be the onfy 
hope. If he is not, then the lessons 
learnt from sieges round the world 
and compiled for use in this 
country can be applied. Generally, 
the authorities lower foe tem- 
perature by quia talk and displays 
of understanding. The hostage and 
hostage-taker may, by the spin- 
ning out of time; develop such a 
bond that danger is reduced. 

Once the crisis is over, a 
peculiar problem arises. What 
punishment can be imposed upon 
people who, after a0, are already 
mpinson? According to the Home 
Office yesterday, prisoners could 
be charged in the courts if the 
alleged offence was serious. That 
would be a matter for the police. 
In January 1984, for example, a 
remand prisoner who went ber- 
serk in Wormwood Scrubs and 
held an assistant governor at razor 
point for four hours was jailed at 
the Old Bailey for two years. 

Otherwise, for serious disci- 
plinary offences within prisons, 
the Board Of Visitors could order 
forfeiture of privileges; exclusion 
from associated work not exceed- 
ing 56 days; stoppage of earnings 
not exceeding 56 rays; confine- 
ment to ceils not exceeding 56 
days; and forfeiture of remission 
not exceeding 180 days. These 
may not seem draconian, but they 
make the monotony of prison life 
still more unpalatable. 

The author is Home Affairs 
CorresDondenl oTT he Times. 

Ronald Butt 


urgent repairs 

not like about the govomnort and 

manufa cturing. Consumption is 
expected to continue at about 

performance. Most of Mrs That- 
cher’s supporters had supposed 
that (nice foe worst of foe infla- 
tionary threat to social stability 
w been overcome there would 
be a return to better standards 
gene rally, and that the short- 
comings in foe essential (foe 
qualifying adjective is all im- 
portant) public services would be 
repaired. That has not y et been 
possible. Opinion pofc which test 
reactions on particular social is- 
sues therefore reflea tbe public's 

Yet the responses to questions 
about voting intentions leave no 
doubt T hat foe -priority for most 
people is that Labour should not 
get in. The Conservatives have 
drawn az least level with Labour 
and are if anything slightly a h e ad ; 
the Affiance has lost support, at 
of many 

feast partly because of many 
people’s reluctance to cast votes 
which might hefo Labour. Most 
people rejea socialism- They want 
a system of popular capitalism 
and increased scope for private 
responsibi lity and minintimal 
state management. But they also 
want well run public services and 
public support for those who 
genuinely need it. 

It is in ibis context that we 
shrmfrt consider Nigel Lawson's 
a utumn announcement of public 
spending increases of some £4.5 
billion for 1987/88 and £5J 
hfllion in tbe following year. This 
could have begun a process of 
reassurance about the quality of 
essential public services. Instead it 
bas been »«umwi from Lawson's 
refusal to wring his hands, and 
from foe direction of the 
Opposition's attack, that he is a 
pure opportunist who, for elec- 
tioneering purposes, has increased 
public spending simply to get a 
con sumer boom going by boosting 

analysis. First, if the^Treasuiy’s 
forecasts are correct (and foe 
recent record suggests they are) 
there will be no increase in public 
sector borrowing over foe £7 
ttiffion target Still more rele- 
vantly, what , this means Is that 
bo r ro win g wfll be kept at per 
cent of gross domestic product, 
that is, at a slightly smaller 
proportion of GDP than at 
present. If that happens, foe 
statement wiU not lead to anew 
spending boost; though even if 
there were such a boost, it would 
not be in time for a June or even 
an autumn election. 

Secondly, even if boosting tbe 
economy with an election-winning 
consumer boom were the object of 
the exercise, this particular Chan- 
cellor or Prime Minister would do - 
it not though public spending but 
by cutting foe standard rate of tax 
to 25 par coil Tax cuts, however, 
will be inhibited by the Spending 
cuts. Lawson specifically toki the 
Commons that he would not allow 
foe public spending increase to 
affect his fiscal policy (of keeping 
tax cuts within what can be 
afforded in public borrow i ng 
tennsX No chancellor could make . 
that statement and abandon it 
without giving dangerous hostages 

Besides, the expected 3 per cent 
growth rate is not principally 

present levels; if anything, the 
Treasury thinks, it may even be a 
fitfietess. . 

The reason for these increases 
is, of coarse, the obvious one that 
Stain pubfic services imper- 
atively seed the money tp over- 
come their immediate difficulties. 
It is needed for education (to sott 
out that sorry scene at last before 
tbe public loses patience), for 
heafth and for .social security 
priorities. In a society where those 
in weak prosper increasingly, there 
comes a point at which it is no 
longer toterabfe for essential pub- 
lic tenders to be sub standar d. 
That point has now been reamed. 
The government has to meet 
people’s long-held post-inflation 

But it may be said that improv- 
ing the public services is also 
electioneering, and of course it 
does reflect the government’s 
democratic response to what peo- 
ple want (which is that public 
services should not suffer further, 
even for tax cuts).. Box in the 
crudest sense it cannot buy votes. 
People do not vote on foe 
announcement of abstract expen- 
diture figures. They may vote on 
foe condition of schools or hos- 
pital wards, but h wfll take tune 
for foe figures to affea these. Tbe 
government's problem is that it 
has alllowed a false image of its 
actions to be crested. It has been 
supposed foal it has been cutting 
public spending in real terms over 
years. But it hasn't Now it is 
supposed that it is expanding 
spending when what is actually 
happening is that it is increasing 

AH this, however, points to the 
problem which the Conservatives 
must dearly undertake to solve. 
Public service increases of the 
kind we have seen this week are 
simply short-term measures to 
stop further deterioration. Tbe 
feet that essential services are seen 
as laving deteriorated over foe 
years in wfaidi the government has 
actually faded to cot spending 
overall only means tint public 
money is spread too thinly over 
foe inessenial and the wasteful as 
well as the vital. The structure of 
welfare roesefing remains a hotch- 
potch of the good, the bad, the 
necessary and the ridiculous, all 
bundled up together in a total 
which foe nation can only afford if 
foe wsa gnfod services axe deprived 
of money to pay for those that are 
in eg a mL 

The Tories’ dear criterion for 
tbe next parliament should be that 
foe state should only do what is 
necessary, but that what it does 
should be done well, and should 
be weH financed, however that 
.finance is raised. This govern- 
ment's greatest failure is that it has 
not tackled foe structure of the 
welfare stale and has produced no 
new priorities. Until it does, foe 
pubfic will never be satisfied with 
what foe state delivers and gov- 
ernments will always be pressed 
dangerously to spend more or 
accused of starving good causes. If 
the state decides it must perform a 
function, it must pefonn ft wdl 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

And every car 
an espresso 

During a weekend visit to Rome I 
noticed something not mentioned 
in foe guide books. In foe ancient 
part offoe city there is a long, thin 
grassy space called tbe Circus 
Maxim us where the chariot racing 
used to take place. The peculiar 
thing is that it is now the only part 
of Rome where serious chariot 

racing does mtf take place. 
In other words, I sot 

, _ spent the 

weekend watching the Roman 
traffic go by. That is not what I 
went there for, nor is it what 
anyone goes there for, but ft is 
trirat we all end up domg. Not so 
much simply to stay alive, though 
that is part of it, but because it is so 
very exciting, because in foe hands 
of the Italiro driving becomes a 
daring art of improvisation, in- 
stant reactions and getting through 
gaps that most people would not 
dare to attempt 
For Britons driving is a dull 
duty; for the Italians ft is an 
adventure. If you venture on to a 
British pedestrian crossing, cars 
will either stop politely or knock 
you over, unseeing, and on a 
French crossing you get the feeling 
that the drivers are out to kill you; 
but on an Italian crossing your 
impression is that the driven sum 
to miss you by as little as posable, 
like a torero with a bull 
This presu m ably explains why 
Roman cars have far fewer wing 
mirrors than ours da My private 
poll reveals that 95 per cent of 
British vehicles still have wing 
mirrors; in Rome, the figmc is 
about 50 per cent And when they ’ 
park, they tend to fold their wing 
minors neatly against the side m 
the car, knowing that otherwise 
they may not be there when they, 
come back. They also prefer 
aerials with springs at the base; so 
that tbe aerial wffi spring back into 
position after hitting something — 

I saw a police car in the Campo dei 
Ron drive under a large parasol 
and let this happen. 

Itafian drivers take their driving 
more seriously than we do, but 

theft cars less seriously. Above all, 
they do not observe such a hard 
and fest distinction between cars 
and people as we da For an Italian 
driver, a pedestrian is just another 
fbnn of traffic, a threat and a rival 

but also a fellow artist. When the 
crowds are out for their evening 
stroll along the Via del Corso, 
there sometimes comes a hill in 
the traffic, a space without cars, 
and then the crowds sweep out 
into the street and take it over. 
The next driver to arrive is not 
surprised to find them there. He 
simply starts the patient job of 
colonising the road for traffic 

In London pedestrians are ex- 

this is out of tbe question, 

because the pavements are already 
covered with parked cars, so the 
people go on the street and the cars 
go on foe pavement — indeed, in 
many Roman streets there is no 
distinction whatever between 
roadway and pavement, and none 
existsm the drivers’ either. 

One of foe small pleasures of a 
weekend in Rome is sitting at a 
pavement cafe by the Pantheon, 
on Sunday evening, and watching 
what seems to be a slaw traffic jam 
rod by. When you see foe same 
cars come past for the second or 
third time, yon suddenly realize 
if s not a jam at all, it’s an evening 

The drivers and passengers are 
eyeing yon, mid you are eyeing 
them, and you are simultaneously 
audience and per form er, and if 
you area couple of giris in thecafe, 
and the drivers like tbe look of 
you, the occupants of tbe car will 

magically appear in the cafe two 
m i nute s later. Driving in Rome is 
also an evening straft carried on by 
other means. 

AH roads lead to Rome, they 
say, but all roads in Rome seem to 
lead nowhere, which is why I 
suppose there is serious talk of 
banning traffic finm foe mner efty. 
As someone who d foHkw cars, I, 

ranch harder to^Jfe cats in 
Rome. Just before I left on 
Monday I watched a man trying to 
get bis car into a space which was 
actually shorter than tire can He 
managed toga ft mdragonaBy. At 
that point a British dnver would 
drive offtolook for a n other apace. 
The Roman jumped out and left 

thecae parked dawraifllfy ^ ifiririn - 

foBy. That’s style foryou. 


v ■ 


- . 

' jin. 

■f Vm 

.J \ \ 

' i 




l Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


The Anglo-Irish Agreement, 
signed by Britain and the 
Republic of Ireland at Hills- 
borough a year ago this week, 
is besieged from all sides. It is 
assailed both for the theory 
enshrined in the document 
and for the practice of the last 
twelve months. 

This assault, which wifi 
reach its peak this weekend, 
has scared some poli tician s 
into backing away from the 
agreement altogether. Mr 
Charles Haughey, odds-on 
favourite to be Irish Prime 
Minister by this time next 
year, has renewed his threat to 
change (and, in die process, to 
destroy), the agreement. The 
British Labour Party has re- 
cently begun to sound luke- 
warm. The British Cabinet, 
which never showed much 
inclination towards a collec- 
tive defence of its Northern 
Ireland policy, has left Mr 
Tom King and his tpinm to 
battle on alone. 

True, a number of serious 
charges can be levelled against 
the agreement It is a docu- 
ment intended, in the long 
term, to promote peace and 
stability, yet it has resulted in 
increased tension and violence 
in the short term. The devolu- 
tion of administrative powers 
to a provincial government 
involving both communities is 
now a sufficiently remote pros- 
pect that it is rarely mentioned 
by any of the ministers respon- 
sible for implementing the 

Far from concentrating the 
mind of unionism on the 
future, the agreement has both 
driven unionist politicians to a 
defensive recitation of tra- 
ditional pieties and plunged 
them into ever greater chaos 
and internal disagreement 
The declarations on the 
constitutional security of 
Northern Ireland in the docu- 
ment have failed to persuade, 
particularly in the light of the 
continuing claim to Northern 
Ireland in the constitution of 
the Republic. And widespread 
resentment remains over the 
imposition of the agreement 

without prior consultation 
with unionist representatives. 

Lastly, the critics allege, it 
has not led to any great 
improvement in the electoral 
performance of the Social 
Democratic and Labour Party, 
the principal political benefi- 
cwries of the agreement inside 
Northern Ireland. Aside from 
gaining a parliamentary seat in 
the January by-elections, its 
by-election performance 
against the Provisional IRA's 
Sinn Fein has been no stronger 
than before. Moreover, the 
SDLP inside its own commu- 
nity has concentrated on its 
impatience with the pace of 
reform has presented a 
triumphal! st and sectarian face 
to its opponents. 

All these criticisms have 
considerable force. But they 
* also neglect some important 
Ulster realities. In the heat and 
noise of political debate about 
the future of Northern Ireland, 
a simple feet which confronts 
any British government is 
frequently overlooked. An 
armed conspiracy with no 
democratic mandate whatso- 
ever aims to expel British 
government from the prov- 
ince. It is the foremost 
reponsibility of any govern- 
ment to defeat this threat 

That cannot be achieved 
without the help of govern- 
ments in the Republic which 
will not be given without some 
concessions to the southern 
concern for the Roman Catho- 
lic minority in the north. It is 
not easy for governments to 
admit as much in these stark 
terms, but convincing other 
countries to catch and im- 
prison more terrorists can only 
be done by persuasion, and 
when that is exhausted, by 
leverage. The Anglo-Irish 
Agreement is that leverage. 

That the agreement was 
flawed is not in doubt It does 
not follow that it should be 
dismantled or even suspended. 
To do so would be to hand the 
Provisional IRA one of the 
most eloquent symbols of the 
British government’s im- 
potence they could have de- 


The death by pollution of one 
of Europe's major waterways, 
however temporary it proves 
to be, is a cause for deep 
concern. The contamination 
of the Rhine will cost the 
countries through which it 
flows large sums of money. It 
will set back by many years a 
largely successful operation to 
dean up the Rhine. According 
to some, a decade of work has 
been reduced to nothing. 

Not only was the aeddent at 
the Basle chemical plant not 
prevented, despite safety stan- 
dards which are (if they are 
enforced) acknowledged to be 
among the most stringent in 
the world. The Swiss authori- 
ties also failed to acknowledge 
or inform other Rhineland 
countries of the risks until the 
appearance of dead fish in the 
water brought the accident to 
their notice. 

Switzerland holds a unique 
position in the continent of 
Europe. Its political neutrality 
and its exemption from many 
of the regulations which gov- 
ern relations between Euro- 
pean states have benefits 
which extend beyond Switzer- 
land. They make Switzerland 
an acceptable venue for deli- 
cate diplomacy. They facilitate 
international exchanges which 
would otherwise not be pos- 

sible. They have also made 
Switzerland rich. 

At the same time, its geo- 
graphical position in the heart 
of Europe obliges it to observe 
certain standards and die 
wealth it. derives from its 
international status provides it 
with the means to observe 
them. Last week's chemical 
accident which now threatens 
the pollution not- only of the 
Rhine, but of parts of the 
North Sea as well, and the 
initially cavalier presentation 
of it by the Swiss authorities 
suggests that they may not be 
sufficiently careful of their 

Switzerland has a reputation 
as one of the cleanest and most 
orderly countries in the world, 
and it has jealously guarded 
this reputation. For some 
years it has registered com- 
plaints with' its neighbours 
about the potential da mag e of 
air pollution from their heavy* 
industry and sought reciprocal 
agreements. Now Switzerland 
finds itself in the dock. 

It is, of course, difficult for a 
democracy which distributes 
many decisions to private 
enterprise to ensure that all the 
rules and regulations, even 
where they relate to safety of 
people and the environment. 

are observed all the time by 
everyone. It must be the 
responsibility of the individual 
company to ensure that the 
relevant authorities are in- 
formed of any serious aeddent 
expeditiously, so that those 
affected can take the necessary 
measures in time. 

On this occasion, it appears 
that either foe plant or the 
Swiss authorities, or both, 
were remiss in their conduct 
after the accident. Yesterday's 
offer by the Swiss government 
to provide compensation to 
the countries affected and its 
pledge to tighten its existing 
regulations governing chemi- 
cal plants go some way to 
make amends. And whether 
information about the pollu- 
tion would have been supplied 
more quickly ff Switzerland 
had been a signatory to exist- 
ing European agreements on 
environmental matters must 
be a moot point But a written 
commitment might at least 
have clarified Switzerland’s 

As the Chernobyl disaster 
showed, the environmental 
effects of accidents respect no 
frontiers. And in ecological 
terms, if not politically, 
Switzerland is part of Europe. 
It would do no harm to have 
that recognition in writing. 


Regional policy — once 
anathema to Mrs Thatchers 
government — now has a new 
lease of life. It is different life 
than before. With the right 
local and national will, it may 

also be a more active one. 

There is no return to the 
belief that Britain’s decaying 
industrial areas can usefully be 
restored by palliative sub- 

sidies. There is 
growing acceptance that con- 
centrated action is needed to 
to sweep away specific areas of 
dereliction and to to help 
recreate centres capable of 
^Derating their own expan- 
STtS? process of conver- 
sion is as propers use of public 
money as unending subsidy to 
prop up failure is a waste. 

P Centrally run development 
programmes are, 

notableftoture °£j^°°Vate 

famed for unftwg* JKSf 
enterprise such as HongKong, 
and to some extent ' 

Their governments spend a 
large proportion of j d j n g 

gets reclaiming 
roads or docks and instating 

communications sj-s ■ 

They use their 
ownership in order to 
attractive environments. 

A change of thinking, and 
not simply an awareness of the 
wasting disease of inner city 
decay, lies behind the 
Government's enthusiasm for 
urban development corpora- 
tions. The Queen’s speech 
yesterday confirmed the 
announcement by Mr Nicho- 
las Ridley, the Environment 
Secretary at the Conservative 
Party conference that four new 
urban development boards in 
the North and Midlands are to 
be added to the existing 
London Docklands and 
Merseyside boards. 

The two original boards, 
with powers to buy land, 
improve it then let it to 
developers who can avoid red 
tape, were partly a response to 
the laggard arguments- within 
and between overlapping local 
authorities. This often seemed 
to prevent action even when 
all agreed it was needed. 

Three of the four new boards 
are within areas of previous 
metropolitan countips. 
Quangos appointed by central 
government might seem in- 
ferior to local organization of 
local effort, but local govern- 
ment foiled in the cities 
whereas the new town corpora- 

tions,. on which the urban 
corporations are chiefly mod- 
elled, succeeded by having a 
simple achievable brief. 

' Success in the cities is by no 
means guaranteed. London 
Docklands, an area of derelic- 
tion near the centre of a vital 
expanding city, has already 
gained an unstoppable mo- 
mentum. Some £275 million 
of government grants has long 
been overtaken by £1.1 billion 
of commitments by private 
developers on Development 
Board land. 

Merseyside is a different 
story. Mr Michael Heseltine's 
efforts in Liverpool have made 
Merseyside a more attractive 
place for industry. But the 
£128 million of grants to the 
Merseyside Beard have yet to 
stimulate anything like the 
response from private devel- 
opers seen in London’s dock- 

The new boards will have to 
operate . under conditions 
much closer to Merseyside 
than to those of the London’s 
docklands. But the prospects 
for the newly defined areas — 
and the areas around them — is 
undoubtedly improved. 


Alternative view of Nott’s seascape 

sired. Unionists (who would 
also rejoice at -this impotence) 
refuse to confront this glaring 
defect in their talk of suspend- 
ing or - bringing down the 
agreement. Constancy in this 
is net a matter of government 
machismo , but an integral part 
of the fight against terrorism. 

But the government should 
not rule out reasonable politi- 
cal concessions to reasonable 
criticism, h should, for in- 
stance, try to separate the 
question of the internal gov- 
ernment of the province as for 
as possible from reassurance 
about its constitutional future. 
One of the gaps in the agree- 
ment has been the absence of 
any pressure on the parties in 
the Republic to alter the claim 
to the north written into 
Articles Two and Three of the 
constitution. This darm is 
incompatible with the spirit, if 
not the letter, of the agree- 
ment It might help to a ss uage 
unionist-fears, therefore, if the 
government were to consider 
reinstituting the border poll 
(asking residents of Northern 
I relan d whether they wish to 
continue inside the United 

. Above all. Ministers could 
and should try to avoid the 
impression that the institu- 
tions set up by the agreement 
are a closed and self-contained 
system. While negotiations 
with unionist leaders seem 
unlikely to take place in the 
foreseeable future, the govern- 
ment should make clear what 
could be on offer: greater 
scrutiny of Westminster leg- 
islation, ad ditio nal ministeri al 
posts or deliberative bodies. 

In time it might be necessary 
for tile government to go over 
the heads of political leaders to 
constituents. They may be 
more ready than their leaders 
to accept that the agreement 
does not threaten their in- 
terests. The present danger is 
that if the mechanisms of the 
agreement shrink any further, 
they will live on as nothing 
more than an intergovern- 
mental committee on security 
cooperation. - 

From Admiral of ike Fleet Sir 
Henry Leach 

Sir, John Nott’s curious and 
dogmatic article on defence strat- 
egy (November 6) makes a num- 
ber of assertions which are stark in 
their misinterpretation of mari- 
time affairs. This is unfortunate 
for a trading island nation depen- 
dent for more than 90 per cent of 
its essential imports and exports 
on the free use of the sea. To 
baianoe the perspective, here is an 
alternative view. 

Perhaps the most surprising 
part of the article is iis vicious and 
unsubstantiated attack on the 
Navy. It is, of course, true feat the 
strategic imperatives of 1 986 point 
in much the same direction as 
those of 1981. What is not true is 
that these bear any relation to the 
more extravagant absurdities of 
the Defence Review in the latter 

Had it not been for the Falk- 
lands War, which demonstrated 

S bfa'cly much of what the pro- 
sionals had been advising but 
which Sir John did not want to 
bear, we would today have an 
emasculated Fleet on a steep slope 

S uited level of anti-submarine 
Mice. A task force is merely a 

to obsolescence. What a pity it 
took a short sharp war, with all its 
loss of life, to get the message 

To contend that we cannot 
afford two operational carriers 
and to castigate taskforces (which, 
of course, comprise air and ground' 
force elements as appropriate) is 
to display a degree of professional 
ignorance astonishing in an ex- 
Defence Secretary. 

On the former, previous holders 
of the post (of bom main political 
parties) agreed that tire concept of 
two ASW (anti-submarine war- 
fare) carriers operational, with a 
third in refit, was the most cost- 
effective method of achieving the 

Staff spending in NHS 

From Mr P. F. Ptumley 
Sir, The content and the tone of 
the article by Ms Sherman 
(November 5) is a totally incorrect 
representation of the influence of 
doctors and nurses on health 
service spending. 

; The senior staff in the health 
service have been well aware of 
direct cost of treatment daring the 
whole existence of the NHS, since 
every penny has to be fought for. 

1 This is, however, a small item in 
the total expenditure of a vast 

The pattern of this spending is 
determined by the administration 
of the NHS, directed by the 
minister, and frequently runs 
counter to the advice given by 
senior doctors and nurses. The 
present Administration is trying to 
undo with great difficulty and 
expense the years of increasing 
involvement of the health service 
management in projects not di- 
rectly related to patient care. 

Most of this industrial base has 
been constructed in the false hope 
that it would save money. The 
huge involvement of the NHS in 
housing has taken place because 
NHS staff are not well enough 
paid to compete in the open 
market and are still in tied houses. 
Our brand new supplies system is 
an exercise in wholesaling. which is 
slow and uncestable. 

Measure for measure 

From Dr John Dutton 
Sir, On a recent day off I paid 
some attention to the garden. In 
the morning I ordered some 
. plastic fora cold frame. The pieces 
were 24in by 18in and 4mm thick. 

I bought some two-stroke oil 
The dilution instructions were in 
litres, but the garage sold petrol 
only in gallons. 

In the afternoon I mixed some 
insecticide. The instructions told 
me to put 5 ml in %pint of water. 

In the evening 1 went to a 
lecture on obstetrics. The babies 
could be measured by a scanner — 
in centimetres. Their mothers 
could be considered for a home 
delivery if they were more than 5ft 
tall (a guide to the size of the 

1 don’t mind if as Professor 
McGrail suggests (November 8), 
my calculations are decimalised or 
metricated; so far they’ve been 

Yours sincerely, 


The Stables, 


Cranbrook, Kent 
November 8. 

A new addiction 

From Professor Antony Alim 
Sir, We are deeply and rightly 
concerned about the new plagues, 
natural and man-made, which are 
sweeping the earth — cocaine 
abuse and Aids are two examples. 
But the future of this country is 
menaced by addiction to a drug 
which has emerged in a new and 
socially destructive form — ex- 
tremist party politics. When this 
was confined to the fringes it was 
unimportant; now it has affected 
the major parties. 

The similarities, for the addicts, 
between cocaine abuse and poli- 
tics are many and striking. In each 
case the addiction becomes the 
central focus of their lives; it 
distorts and colours their percep- 
tion of reality. The addiction is 
lethal, with the difference that 
extremist politics damage non- 
users as much as users. 

This country cannot stand being 
torn this way and that according as 
one drug-befuddled group attain 
power to implement their 
contradictory policies. The non- 
addicted majority must take ur- 
gent remedial action. So far from 
rewarding addicts with peerages, 
we must wean them off their 
addiction, or at least timit the 
harm they can do to others. 

defence. A task force is merely a 
grouping of relevant capabilities 
to provide mutual support. It is a 
concept proved in peace and war 
and adopted by every sizeable 
navy in the world. 

I have no nostalgia for empire; 
but r am alert to the need for 
responsible interpretation of that 
article of the North Atlantic 
Treaty which limits the Naio area 
to the Tropic of Cancer in the 
context of “an attack on one is an 
attack on alT*. Potential enemies 
vigorously exert their influence 
outside this arbitrary line. If we 
over-indulge in short-term conve- 
nience and fell to pull our weight 

in exerting ours we shall wake up 
one day to a communist world. 

one day to a communist world. 
The United States cannot and will 
not do it alL 

I am grateful to Sir John fix' his 
generous tribute to my con- 
tribution to the Falk lands War. 
But it might have been more 
relevant if he had instanced the 
positive advice on the military 
feasibility of such an operation, 
with its attendant risk, which I was 
able to give the Prime Minister. 

Suez may have been in the 
forefront of the minds of her mare 
hesitant advisers; the destruction 
of Prince of Wales and Repulse for 
lack of air support off Mhlaya in 
1941 was in the background of 

Those who give reasonable 
thought to the future of our great 
country — which is still great and 
will remain so if we take the 
trouble to keep it that way — I ask 
not to reject foe sea so lightly. It is 
Yours faithfully, 


Wonston Lodge, 


Winchester, Hampshire. 
November 9. 

The NHS is now so complicated 
that it is almost impossible to find 
out where money is going and 
most of the figures which are 
quoted with such confidence are 

We spend a lot of time manag- 
ing organizations like laundry, 
transport, housing and wholesal- 
ing while the conditions for 
patients' care become progres- 
sively more difficult Examination 
of foe minutiae of expenditure on 
patient care is expulsive and 
largely a matter of opinion, though 
it may have some relevance in 

In foe community there is 
absolutely no possibility of 
producing figures, since money is 
spent by the health service, social 
services and local authority. Com- 
bining these figures has not yet 
been attempted. All in all these 
costing exercises are largely magi- 
cal and are used to give an air of 
scientific management to an over- 
complicated organization. 

Until foe NHS strips itself down 
to the spare organization that it 
was before 1974 there is no chance 
of finding out who is spending 

Yours sincerely, 


Bexhill Hospital, 

Holliers Hill, 

BcxhiD-on-Sca, East Sussex. 
November 5. 

The poverty gap 

From Canon Eric James 
Sir, Your Political Correspondent 
reports (November 10) that the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer has 
confirmed his intention to reduce 
income tax. 

The Conservative Party often 
claims to be concerned with 

It has been my privilege to 
spend much of my time in foe 
urban priority areas of our land in 
the last three years, working 
alongside the Archbishop’s 
commission. There I have often 
been faced with the human con- 
sequences of unemployment — not 
least, of course, poverty. 

It whs the corporate and consid- 
ered judgment of foe commission 
that the nation is confronted by a 
grave and fundamental injustice 
in the urban priority areas. 

Ibis injustice will be com- 
pounded if the Chancellor reduces 
taxes. Indeed such an action will, 
to many of us, constitute a flagrant 
act of immorality. 

Yours faithfully, 

ERIC JAMES, Director, 

Christian Action, 

St Peter’s House, 

308 Kennington Lane, SE1 1. 

It is probably Utopian to hope 
that we can eliminate the problem 
altogether, like alcohol abuse, it 
will probably always be with us. 
But the existing political system 

and its underlying economy were 
not designed to withstand such 
stresses; foe best brains in the 
country will have to turn to 
restructuring and securing it. 
Yours faithfully, 


27 Lambert Road, N22. 

Fiat lux 

From Mrs Rosemarie Parks 
Sir, Mrs S. Gordon (November 8), 
who laments the use of candles in 
Italian churches, had an ally in 
Goethe. After visiting the Sistine 
Chapel nearly 200 years ago on 
Feburary 2, 1787. to witness the 
consecration of the candles, he 


I fell at once uneasy and soon left 
with my friends. For 1 thought: those 
are the very candles which have 

darkened these glorious paintings 
for three hundred years. 

for three hundred years. 
Fiat lux electrical 
Yours faithfully. 

Cardinal's Green. 
Horseheath. Cambridge. 
November 9. 

Reading lesson 
for Mr Baker 

From Mr ft. A. Carroll 
Sir. While making due allowance 
that the 55 column inches devoted 
to Mr Kenneth Baker's Alan 
Palmer lecture (feature. Novem- 
ber 7) were extracts only, is it not 
surprising that a ministerial plea 
for more reading and less TV 
watching should fail to mention 
libraries of any sort, whether 
school or public? 

Is it not equally surprising that 
none of the extra millions Mr 
Lawson proposes should be spent 
(report, November 7) need result 
in one more book being pur- 

Neither Mr Baker nor his 
Cabinet colleagues responsible for 
local government spending can 
enforce better provision for books 
in schools or in the public library 

Iftbe head teacher or director of 
library services (less likely to be a 
librarian these days) persuades his 
superiors that money should be 
spent on expensive machinery or 
equipment at foe expense of other 
items, books included, none shall 
say them nay. 

Yours faithfully, 


Spring Lodge. 

Church Gate, Gedney, 

Spalding, Lincolnshire. 

November 10. 

From Mr A. M. Jacobs 
Sir, If Kenneth Baker believes a 
child of 12 should be able to 
understand Animal Farm, which 
involves fairly detailed knowledge 
of the history of foe Russian 
Revolution and of international 
relations in the 1 930s, it would be 
interesting to know what be thinks 
the history curriculum should 
look like in our primary schools. 
Yours sincerely, 


10 Buighley Road, NWS. 
November 10. 

From Mr P. G. Bunt 
Sir, How reassuring to read that 
the Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion knows that “being old-fash- 
ioned is not the same as being 
wrong". If only he could persuade 
his Inspectors of Education, 
whose insistence on change has 
destroyed old-fashioned practices, 
both good and bad, without 

Yours etc, 

P. G. BUNT. 

94a Southgate Street, 

Redruth, CornwalL 
November 9. 

From Mr B. V. WiUsher 

Sr, I endorse almost every word 

of Kenneth Baker's excellent and 

eloquent article, but surely it was 

the gale that plied the saplings 

double [Housman's A Shropshire 


I have the honour. Sir, to remain 

your obedient servant, 

10 Grove Road, 
Tring, Hertfordshire. 
November 7. 

Taking advice 

From the Chief Executive of 
Canterbury City Council 
Sir, Mr John BunerfiU. MP 
(November 8) advises that the use 
of externa] management consul- 
tants would assist county (and 

presumably city) halls to produce 
further economies. I can assure 

further economies. I can assure 
him that many local authorities do 
just that — and all make full use of 
the independent Audit Commis- 

This search for economy has 
helped to keep the rise in overall 
local government expenditure to 
only 4.4 per cent since 1 980. 

As central government expen- 
diture during the same period has 
increased by a generous 15.1 per 
cent, may your readers hope to see 
a similar enthusiasm for economy 
in Whitehall generated by mem- 
bers of Parliament? 

Yours faithfully, 


Chief Executive, 

Canterbury Gty Council, 

Military Road, 

Canterbury, Kent. 

Investor protection 

From the Secretary-General of the 
Committee of London and Scot- 
tish Bankers 

Sir. Mr Shepherd (November 6) 
suggests that the banks have been 
seeking special treatment when 
objecting to the proposals of the 
Securities and Investments Board 
on “polarisation". Actually, foe 
main issue is the precise manner 
in winch “polarisation" should 
apply to groups of companies with 
independent intermediaries and 
product companies within a single 
group. As SIB accepts, it is 
financial conglomerates in general 
— not banks in particular — which 
are a special case. 

Nor are foe banks seeking 
exemption from foe “best advice" 
rule. The problem is that SIB has 
proposed that a bank acting in the 
capacity of independent adviser 
should only recommend an in- 
house product if the product is 
demonstrably better than any- 
thing else on foe market. 

This is a much harsher con- 
dition than “best advice” and one 
which has no analogue in the rales 
for securities firms operating in a 
dual capacity. Anyone who has 
experience of the life assurance 
and unit trust market will under- 
stand that only in rare circum- 
stances could such a condition be 
satisfied. The proposals would 
therefore place bank-owned life 
assurance and unit trust com- 
panies at an unfair disadvantage. 
Yours faithfully, 

K- S. LUCAS, Secretary-General. 
The Committee of London and 
Scottish Bankers. 

IQ Lombard Street, EC3. 


NOVEMBER 13 1840 

Literary criticism was not a 
1 conspicuous feature of The Times 
in this period, and when reviews 

appeared they were sometimes 
inordinately (one. Earlier in the 
year a review of Lord Brougham’s 

translation of The Oration of i 
Demosthenes upon the Crown eras 1 
spread over nearly half-a-dozen 

issues, each instalment nearly 
Rhine a pace of small type. The 

I piling a page of small type. The 
reviewer of this book, originally 
published in J840 by Colburn in 
three volumes, may have been 
Thackeray, who was an occasional 
contributor until the end of this 
year when, finding the pay " rather 
shabby ** he stopped for a time 


“Quelques decouvertes que Von 
ait faites dans le pays de t 'amour 
propre, U y reste encore bien des 
terres inconnues, “ said Rochefou- 
cauld; and our “Flirt”, perceiving 
the extent of the country, and the 
profitable discoveries that might 
be made by an enterprising travel- 
ler, has journeyed through it with 
the most praiseworthy assiduity, 
and the result of her wanderings is 
the volume before us. The “ amour 
propre 7 ' increases its territories 
under her researches and in many a 
nook does she find its sovereignty 
firmly established, though perhaps 
far from acknowledged. Nor is she 
a pacific traveller; she aims cot 
merely at discovery but at con- 
quest; and wherever she finds the 
enemy lurking, in the form of 
youth or age, she combats him 
pertinaciously, adapting her weap- 
ons to the form in which he 
presents himself. If the demon 
“amour propre” possesses a young 
fascinating lady, who sacrifices a 
hetacomb [sic] of hearts to her 
vanity, foe answer is found in a 
rakish abandoned husband, who 
cures the evil by nearly breaking 
the lady’s heart in its turn. If 
“amour propre" bewilders the 
brain of some chatty miss, whose 
parents vainly try to drill her into 
good sense, a rickety horse is foe 
remedy, and gives the young lass a 
wholesome Lesson by a fling over 
foe nwlt, a score of bruises, and a 
dislocated th umb . If the fiend 
bolds in his grasp a venerable 
country gentleman, wrapped up in 
his own unctuous peevishness, and 
n«ldn>E his meek wife and patient 
servants from the combined causes 
of gout end ennui, a milder 
medium than those enumerated is 
offered, and a journey to Bath, by 
arousing energies before suffered to 
lie dormant, effects foe wished-for 
cure. Hopeless cases are killed off 
out of hand. 

It is indeed against sdf-love in 
all its shapes that the Life of a Flirt 
is directed; and the authoress of 
this very superior novel has, by 
giving her work the form of an 
autobiography, rendered it pecu- 
liarly conducive to her purpose. 
Selfishness in “Flirt” is the central 
manifestation around which the 
other forms are grouped at unequal 
rffctangwg. The picture she gives of 
her own mind appears as the result 
of a painful, probing search, and 
the interna] struggles are fearful. 
We see every kindly feeling sacri- 
ficed to the predominant one of 
vanity, female self-will Hke a 
juggernaut crushing all that comes 
in its way — the better thoughts of 
its owner, the hopes of her rela- 
tions. the peace of her friends, and 
foe happiness of her lovers; and yet 
foe has throughout a conscious- 
ness of a high moral standard to 
which she does not even remotely 
approach. It is not a fashionable 
novel; foe scene merely lies among 
the inhabitants of a country vil- 
lage, the object of the authoress not 
being so much to show foe “flirt" in 
foe extent of her brilliant achieve- 
ments, as to exhibit the character 
itself as it may exist under all 
circumstances, and dissect a mind 
where vanity alone bolds suprema- 
cy The perpetual consciousness 
of the manner in which she is 
acting is a perpetual torture; vanity 
almost assumes the form of a 
destiny which imperiously de- 
mands continual victims, and there 
is something tragic in the effects 
which a young lady naturally 
amiable is obliged to behold, as 
proceeding from her own ungov- 
ernable passion. 

It fem discerning the ordinary 
motives of action in a limited 
sphere that her talent chiefly lies. 
She does not show an extraordi- 
nary knowledge of the world, but 
rather an acute and careful habit of 
watching a number of characters, 
who are never called into very 
violent action — in short, that 
knowledge which may be best 
acquired in a country village 
coupled with the study of feelings 
and motives which is only pursued 
in the act of self-contemplation . 
An unkind act is, with the author- 
ess. the greatest crime, and a circle 
of smiling friends mutually oblig- 
ing each other the ne plus ultra of 
terrestrial felicity. 

The style is generally simple, 
almost to sternness, and the free- 
dom from affectation is remarkable 

Song of praise 

From Mr G. J. Wood 
Sir, Your correspondent. Mr 
George Strang (November 5), may 
be interested to know that the 
attitude of a landlord to his 
musical endeavours is not neces- 
sarily typical. 

Last summer, whilst on holiday' 
with the choir of St Peter’s 
Bournemouth, in the dry of St 
Albans. I chanced into a nearby 
hostelry with three friends from 
the choir. After sampling a modest 
quantity of ale, we fen an im- 
promptu barbershop redial would 
be appropriate. 

Imagine our surprise when the 
landlord agreed with us, turned off 
his muzak. provided us with a 
microphone and a foaming jug of 
real ale. free gratis. 

Yours faithfully. 


568 Castle Lane West, 
Bournemouth. Dorset. 



* •; \ 






November 12: The Queen, 
accompanied by The Duke of 
Edinburgh, went in State to tbe 
Palace of Westminster today to 
open the Session of Parliament. 

The Royal Procession was 
formed in tbe following order 

(with Four Grey Horses) 

The Duke of Edinburgh 
(Glass Coach with Two 
Grey Horses) 

The Duchess of Grafton 
(Mistress of the Robes) 

The Duke of 

(Lord Steward) 

The Earl of Westmorland 

(Master of the Horse) 

(State Landau with Two Bay 

The Marchioness of 
Hon. Mary Morrison 
(Ladies in Waiting) 
LotdMichael Fitzalan 

(Gold Stick in Waiting) 
(State Landau with Two Bay 

Admiral Sir William 
O'Brien . 

(Vice Admiral of the United 

The Baroness Hooper 
(Baroness in Waiting) 

The Right Hon. Sir William 

(Private Secretary to The 

Sir Peter Miles 
(Keeper of the Privy Purse) 
(State Landau with Two Bay 

Mr John Cope, MP 
(Treasurer of the 

Hon. Robert Bo sea wen. MP 
(Comptroller of the 

Mr Brian McGrath 
(Private Secretary toThe 
Duke of Edinburgh) 

(Slate Landau with Two Bay 

Colonel James Emson 
(Silver Stick in Waiting) 
Colonel John Havering 
(Field Officer in Brigade 

Timothy Laurence, RN 
(Equeny in Wailing) 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir JohD 

(Crown Equerry) 

Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness were conducted to 
their Carriage by the Master of 
the Horse and left Buckingham 
Palace at 1 1 o’clock, escorted by 
Sovereign’s Escort of the 

Household Cavalry, under xne 
command of Major Richard 
Sampson, The Life Guards. 

The Queen’s Guard, round by 
the 1st Battalion Irish Guards, 
with The Queen’s Colour, the 
Band of the Regiment and the 
Pipes and Drums of the Battal- 
ion. under the command ol 
Major Christopher Langton, 
was mounted in the Quadrangle 
of Buckingham Palace. 

The route of the Procession 
was lined by troops of the 

Guards Division. , . 

A Guard of Honourofjbe 2nd 
Battalion Coldstream Gratis, 
with the State Colour, ti* Baud 
of the Regiment and me Corps 
Of Drums of the Batta) lon ’ 
under the command of Major 
Nigel Sweeting, was motmted at 
dufpaiace of Westminster. 

A dismounted party of non- 
commissioned officers and men 
of the Household Cavalry, 
under the command of Captain 
Rupert Lendrum. The Blues and 
Royals, was stationed at vic- 
toria Tower, House of Lords. 

A Salute of 4 1 guns was fired 
in Hyde Paris by The Kings 
Troop, Royal Horee Artillery, 
under the command of Captain 
Ian Lonsdale, upon the arrival 
of Her Majesty at the Houses of 
parliament, and from the Tower 
ofLondon Saluting Battery atI2 
noon by tbe Honourable Artil- 
lery Company, under the com- 
mand of Major Richard Close- 

The Imperial Stale Crtmm. 
the Sword of State and the Cap 
of Maintenance were conveyed 
previously to the House . of 
Lords in a Carriage Procession 
formed in the following order, 

and escorted by a Regalia Escort 

of the Household Cavalry: 
(Four Bay Horses) 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John 

(Comptroller, Lord 
Chamberlain’s Office) 
Lieutenant-Colonel George 

(Assistant Comptroller, 

Lord Chamberlain’s Office) 

Air Chief Marshal Sir John 

(Gentleman Usher to the 
Sword of State) 

(Town Coach with Two Bay 

Mr George Harris 
Mr John Titman 
(Serjeants-at-Arms to The 

The Queen, with The Duke of 
Edinburgh, was received upon 
arrival at the Palace of West- 
minster by the Lord Great 
Chamberlain (the Marquess of 
Cholmondeley) and the Earl 
Marshal (the Duke of Norfolk). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Blair 
Stewart-WOson (Equerry to The 
Queen) and Mr Harry Legge- 
Bourke. Mr Piers Blewitt, Mr 
Malcolm Maclean and Mr 
Benjamin Hamilton (Pages of 
Honour to The Queen) were in 
attendance at the Palace ol 
Westminster. . 

Her Majesty’s Body Guard or 
the Honourable Corps of 
Gentlemen-at-Arms under the 
command of the Lord Denham 
(Captain) was on duty in the 
prince’s Chamber. 

Major David Jamieson, VC 
(Lieutenant), Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel James Eagles (Standard 
Barer), Major Thomas hi 
Aubyn (Clerk of the Cheque and 
Adjutant) and Colonel Philip 
Pardoe (Harbinger) were on 

duty with the Corps. 

The Queen's Body Guard of 
the Yeomen of the Guard, under 
the command of the Viscount 
Davidson (Captain) was on duty 
in the House of Lords. 

Colonel Alan Pemberton 
(Lieutenant), Major Bruce 
Shand (Clerk of the Cheque and 

. a niwil P. 

TufiteU (Ensign) and Major 
Charles Marriott (Exon) were 
also on duty. 

Her Majesty and lbs Royal 
Highness returned to Bucking- 
ham Palace at 12-14 pm and 
were received by the of 
Airiie (Lord Chamberlain) and 
Mr Tristan GareWones. Mr 
(Vice-Chamberlain of the 
Household). . 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President of WWF Inter- 
national, left Heathrow Airport, 
London thus afternoon m an 
aircraft of The Queen s Flight 
for Switzerland where His Royal 
Highness will attend an Exec- 
utive Committee Meeting of 
WWF International in Gland. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mara 
Phillips, presented the 1986 
Structural Steel Design Awards 
at a luncheon at the Savoy 
Hold, London, WC2, today. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President, British 
Constructional Steelwork 
Association Lim ned (Mr Ber- 
nard Shuttleworth) and the 
Chairman, General Steels 
Group (Mr Gordon Sambrook). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
in attendance. m- , 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mane 
Phillips, Patron, Gloucester- 
shire and North Avon Federa- 
tion of Young Farmers Clubs, 
this evening attended, the i An- 
nual General Meetu* oTU* 
Federation in the Gold Cup 
Room, Prestbury Suite, 
Cheltenham Racecourse. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice Lord- 
Lieutenant for Gloucestershire 
(the Earl of St Aldwyn) and foe 
President of foe Federation (Mr 
A. Danidl). 

Mrs Andrew Fed den was m 

November 12: The Princess 
Margaret, Countess of Snowdon 
was present at foe State Opening 
Her Royal Highness was 
present this evening at a Service 
of Thanksgiving to mark die 
Centenary of The Salvation 
Army, which was held at South- 
wark Cathedral. 

The Hon Mrs Wills was in 
attendance. _ . ... 

November 12: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester, Presi- 
dent The Queen's Nursing In- 
stitute, was present this after- 
noon at the Annual Open 
Meeting held at foe Institute of 
British Architects. 66 Portland 
Place, London. WI. 

Mrs Michael Harvey was in 
attendance. . „ _ 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester were present at the 
State Opening of Parliament 
this morning. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
was present this evening at a 
Gala Evening in aid of Cancer 
Relief Macmillan Fund ai the 
Cafe Royal, Regent Street, 
London, Wl. 

Mrs Midi ad Wigley was m 

November 12: Princess Alexan- 
dra and tbe Hon Angus Ogilvy 
were present this evening at a 
Gala Performance of Rookery 
Nook, given on foe Centenary of 
the birth ofBen Travers in aid or 
the British Theatre Association, 
at the Shaftesbury Theatre. 


assort- » 

Miss PhiHppa Checks***- 

Mr A^. Scott 

sad Mbs J JVLM- Dean 
The marriage took 
Saturday, November 8, m I4U" 

Scott, and MissJuUa Dean. The 
tvbw nf Lincoln officiated. _ 

The bride, who was given in 

nxiSgTS her «« 


gasssgas . da*. 

Js-rts ats. 

active in reactor and 

building as well as attracting He was abo adept at 

Norman Uurence^JNed) Competent player of 

Mere House. 


ts’ Company 

Mr Derek Kimber, Prime War- 
den of foe Shipwrights Com- 
pany, preaded at a luncheon 
hdd yesterday at Ironmongers 
HaUm honour of Mr J.ENeary, 
on hi$ completion of his jew as 
Sheriff of the Cig^df L ondon , 

Assoctanonuom - 

before returning to Leeos w 

as a lecturer until 

II. ,h*n joined the newly- 
formed United Kjjjgdom 


director, retiring in l9S4 ^ 

and Mrs Neary. - - 


HM Government 
Mr Tim Eggar, Parliamentary 
Under Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 

Aflairs, was host at a dinner held 

last night at Lancaster House in 
honour of Sir Brian Urquhart. 
Free Church Federal Council 
Sir Cyril and Lady Black woe 
hosts at a dinner given by the 
Free Church Federal Council 
last night at the Connaught 
Rooms in honour of General 
Eva Burrows, World leader of 
the Salvation Army. The Rev 
Dr Donald English, Moderator 
of the FCFC, was among foe 
speakers. Those present in- 

TTv* Mayor a nd Maror eg of Mgiian. 

David and Ml* Rw«2, a ™ 1 Co * D1>e * 
and Mrs John HouMtH- 

K^CTw C< mS? Master Of me 
Fndterers' Ogmwjw- 
Master and Wardens dinner heWiKi 
rSaftl ai UudYolders KaU- Mr A**er- 
man CWistwhW CoUeU. MrNjl-onge. 
Mr a.g. Cosier. Renter waxdox. ana 
Mr R. Eoctes. Oerfc- also 
PU antwceMt h a* 

"mfitOnf. • ** HoattlL 

given by me the _ PU OTac wiUeal 
/tpuauM oi woman Soaotton C»i* 

SS? Justice Musaaand Mrs Anom 
RumboM. MP. were the prindwo- 
quests and weakm at a muter ■ of U» 
Assodattop of Women SoMdtors 
(1919 auU) held at the House of 
Commons on NovemPer T. TTie 

^sTc^t^St^s Sss&cJr 

Service Dinner 

The Queen’s Royal Irish 

The Annual Regimental Dinner 
of The Queen's Royal Irish 
Hussars was hdd on October 30, 
1986, at the Cavalry and Guards 

Club. Lieutenant-General Sir 
Brian Kenny, Colonel of the 
Regiment, presided. 


TheSpeaker and Mrs WeafoenD 
gave a reception in Speaker’s 
House yesterday after foe state 
opening of Parliament. The 
Prime Minister, members oftne 
Cabinet and Shadow Cabmet, 
other Members of both Houses 
of Parliament, Ambassadors 
and other guests were present. 

luter-ParilameatmrlJmoB , 

Mr David Crouch, MP, Chair- 
man of foe British group of foe 
Inter-Parliamentary Union, ana 
the executive committee were 
hosts at a reception held yes- 

Latest wills 

Mr Brian Leslie Manky, ofSt 
Albans, Hertfordshire, left 
£221,927 net. „ 

Mrs Joan May MtMten, ol 
Harrogate, Yorkshire, left 
£563,725 net . 

Mr miffhrd Alan Ntam, of 
York, left £280,029 net. 

Janet Rendall, of Little Sating, 
Essex, and Hampton HSU, 
Middlesex, left £289,423net- 
Mr Frederick Smith, of 
Fdsted, Essex, left £269,459 net. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Ewart Ben, 62; Air Marshal 
Sir Gareth Clayton, 72; Sir 
Lincoln Hallman, 64; M Eugene , 
Ionesco. 74; Sir Arnold lindley, 

84; MEyor-General J. D. LotL 
69; Sir Penderel Moot, .81; 
Admiral Sir William Obrien, 
70; Mr John Sparrow, 80; Mr 
Frederick Willey. 76. 

terday in Westminster, after foe 
state opening of Parliament, m 
honour of members of the 
Diplomatic Corps. 
Commonwealth Parliamentary 

A ccwrori rtQ ■ - 

Mr Mark Carlisle. QC 
Deputy Chairman of the UR 
branch of the Commonwealth 
Parliamentary Association, and 
Mr Guy Barnett, MP, joint 
honorary treasurer, were hosts 
at a reception given yesterday by 
the executive committee ot the 
branch in the Houses of Par- 
liament for High Commis- 
sioners, representatives of 
Commonwealth countries m 
London and visiting Common- 
wealth members attending foe 
state opening of Parliament. 
Mayor of Kensington and 
Chelsea - 

The Mayor and - Mayares of 
Kensington and C h else a hdd a 
reception yesterday^ evenmgat 
Kensington Town HaD. Mem- 
bers of the Diplomatic Corps 
and foe Bishop of Kensington 
and Dr H. Santer were among 
those present 


Judge McDonnell has reared 
from foe Circuit bench ot the 
So uth Eastern Circuit. 

enuzv with candid, knovd- 

edgranle and good-burn oured 

rc ^ e chcmical engineer^ 

training, he was co-author, 
•while still in his twenties, of 

Statistical Analysis CtowiJ- 

wand the Chemical Industry, 
which has become a standard 

programine. . 

In 1962 he was appoints* 
nuckar fuel director m the 
production group at Rtstey, 

responsible for wntmenMl 
activities and techmal 
pects of the. group’s work on 
civil magnox reactors. 

When British Nudear Fuds 
Limited was formed m 1971, 
he was appointed its chier 
executive. In tins post he gay® 
valuable earty support to tire 
development of the ultra high 
speed centrifuge orocess fm - 
enriching nuclear 

Coupbnd. who survives him 
with their son and daughter. 


Dr Leona Libby, the only 
woman as wefl as one of the 
youngest members on the 
Manhattan ProjecL which de- 
veloped the first atomic 
bomb, died in California on 
November 17. She was 67. 

At the age of 23, already 

... m nlmciK 

minutes our thou^it was. 
‘Now the Bomb\ were 
terrified thal^ the Germans 
w-ere ahead of us. it was the 
driving thought in every mind 
tha t Hitler would become 

Leona Ubby was bam at La 

m! ..J ajimfpn 

At the age ot u, aneauy ixom uwj — 

wifo a doctorate in physics. Grange, Illinois, and 
she worked with Italian physi- at Chicago University, where 
cist Enrico Femri on the first she got her doctorate. 

nudear reactor. Her task was 
to gauge neutron counts. 

At 3 pm on December 2, 
1942, she was with Fermi as he 
announced: “The chain reac- 
tion has begun; the graph is 

The physicist Eugen Wigner 
then uncorked a bottle of 
Chianti that he had been 
saving for nine months, and 
the 30 scientists gathered 
round the nuclear pile of 
graphite and uranium to drink 
a solemn toflst to the first self- 
sustaining nuclear chain 
reaction. - , 

“It was a tremendously 
exciting event,” she recalled 
man y years later. “Butm a few 

After her work with the 
Manhattan Project, she was 
professor of environmental 
science and engineering at 
California University and a 
consultant to the Los .Alamos 
Scientific Laboratory, the post 
she was holding at the Lime of 
her death. 

She was a fellow both of the 
institute for Nuclear Studies 
at Chica go , and of the Ameri- 
can Physical Society. 

Her fust marriage to John 
Marshall, a physicist ended in 
divorce. She then married 
Willard F. Libby, _ a Nobel 
laureate in physics, who died 
in 198a 



Judge Leech has retired from 
the Circuit bench on Northern 


Forthcoming marriages 

Mr M. Thatcher MrSA.M®**® 1 * 

and Miss D. Bnrgdorf 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mis Denis Thatcher, of 10 
Downing Street, London, SW1, 
and Diane, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs T.C Buxgdorf, of 
Dallas, Texas. 

Mr AJELSwintw 
and Miss EJL. Carirett 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander HarokL .sec- 
ond son of Major-General Sir 
John and Lady S win ton of 
Kimm crghamc. Duns, Berwick- 
shire, and Emma Louise, only 
daug hter of Mr and Mrs Billy 
Carbutt, of The White House, 
l a p eham, Colchester, Essex. 

Mr DJI. Anderson 

and Dr GJE. Evans 
The engagement is announced 
between David James, younger 
son of tbe hue Mr Edward 
Anderson anil of Mrs Catherine 
Anderson, of Old Coulsdon, 

Surrey, and Gillian Elizabeth, 
second daughter of Dr and Mrs 
HuRh Evans, of Gorieston-on- 
ij frfl , Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. 

Mr A.G. Brooking 
and Miss LJ. Pym - 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and • Mis 
Granville Brooking, of The do 
Bakery. Iden, Rye, Sussex, and 
Lucy, eldest daughter of Mrand 
Mis Martin Pym, of Bamfiekt, 

Charing, Kent. 

Dr BJF. Cassidy * 
andMbs A.V.GOTB 
The engagement is anuotmceo 
between Brendan, ektor son of 
Mr and Mis John Cassidy, of Co 

a a . Atim UAniMMV 

ITU iwiVAwuw 

.and Mh» CJVLM. Bhmd 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, eldest son of 
Wing-Commander and Mrs P. 
McLeod, of Walton-on- 
Thames, and Catherine, youn- 
ger dflifghter of Major and Mrs 
r.j. Bland, of Farnham 

Lieutenant Conunander AJVL 

Hie engagement is announced 
between Alan, sot of Mr ami 
Mrs H. Massey, of Ipswich, 
Suffolk, and Julie, only daughter 
of Mr R.P. Smith, of the British 
Embassy, Bahrain, and Mis 
M.A. Smith, of Ryeford, 


Mr AJK-MiRs 
and Miss VA. Harford 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Robin, eldest 
son of Lieutenant-Commander 
and Mrs R.G. Mills, of 
BeningtOT, Hertfordshire, and 
Vanessa Anne, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs JjAR. Harford, of 
Chktdiogfotd, Surrey. 

Mr N-A. Weibel 
and Miss SJE. Ganley 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Dominic WeibeL of 
Charlbury, Oxfordshire, and Su- 
san, only daughter of Mrs Joyce 
Ganley and the late Mr Michael 
Ganley, of Wokingham, 

Mr CJL Wlriddington 
and Miss SX. Schn^df 
The engagement is announced 
een Charles, 

between Charles, son of Mr and 

MrandMreJolmtJMnay, on-u MnltH. middipgan, of N ew 

sssija - asss : sysarMf 

Epperstonc, Nottinghanij and fnedman, of St Lorn?, 

NOW 6000 hours of light 

for one-quarter the electricity 

They directly replace ordinary light bulbs 

SL*9 replaces 40W bolb, SLM3 replaces SOW buib. 

SU18 replaces 7SW bulb, SL*25 replaces 100W bulb. 

SL*18D globe lamp - all the benefits of SL* technology in a new modem shape. 


Mrs JiQ * Dodsworth. of East 
Bridgford. Nottingham. 

Mr S^- Cox . 
and Miss CJVLJ. St Mam 

The engagement is a nno unce 

between Simon Andrew, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Alan J. Cox, 
of Banstead, SnmKjDd Otro- 
line Mary Jane, eldest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Edward St Maur, 
of L tengibby. Gwent. • 

Memorial services 

Lady Fisho-of Landteth ___ 
The Archbishop of Canterbmy 
was rei»esenied by .tirc Ri^t 

Rev GeoTge Remdorp, who also 
pronounced die b'essintat a 
service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lady Fisher of Umbejh 
held yesterday at St James s. 
New Malden. Surrey-.The Rev 
Andrew Wilson officiated and 
the Hon Dr G.R-C Fate, «m, 
read the lesson. The Right Rev 
Lord Coggan » vean mldr^ 
and Mrs Hazd Treadgow, Cm- 
ual President of the Mothers 
Union, read the prayers- The 
Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe 
was represented by die Right 
Rev Edward Holland, who was 
robed. Among others present 


Mr AJH. Yoeng 
and Miss P J. HoMyn 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, elder sot of 
Mr and Mrs J.H. Young, of 
Bolton Hall., Alnwick, 
Northumberland, and Penelope, 
only fhmflhtw of Mr and Mrs 
P.C.W. Hobtyn, of Barbican, 
London, EC2- 

Mn Loo^Mra _P Bowles. MM A R 

Miss Audrey Erskine- 
Lindop, the popular novelist, 
died on November 7 at tbe age 
of 65. A writer of fentastical 
imagination, wbkh took her 
into some Interesting byways, 
she is perhaps best remem- 
bered for The Singer , ■ Not the 
Song , which made a striking 

Audrey Beatrice Noel Er- 
skine-Lindop was born on 
December 26. 1920, and rfu- 
cated at The Convent of Our 
Lady of Lourdes, Hatch End; 
also at Blackdown SchooL She 
had begun writing at an «rly 
y y and submitted her first 
novel at eleven, loftily tefling 
the publisher in her covering 
letter not to take her age into 

consideration as she wished to 

be judged by ‘>opef’ stan- 
dards. The publisher took this 
advice, rejecting her prentice 
effort on the grounds that a 
novel set in 1821 and featur- 
ing aircraft might strain tbe 
credulity of readers. 

After leaving school die. 
went into rep at Worthing, not 
so much to act as to learn- 
about writing dialogue and 
constructing dramas. At tbe 
same time die bombarded 

Gainsb orough Studios with a 
stream of stories for fihns, and 
was eventually taken on by 
them as a student scriptwriter. 

This experience in the pre- 
war film industry influenced 
the way in which she. later 
wrote her novels. Before start- 
ing a novel she liked, in her 
mind’s eye, to cast living 
actors in the rotes she was 
envisaging, and this gave her 
novels their dramatic - some- 
times melodramatic - flavour. 

Her first novel In Me My 
Enemy, was 'published- in 
1948, and it was followed in 
rapid succession by Soldiers’ 
Daughters Never Cry and The 
Tall Headlines. If these did 
not make any claim to psycho- 
logical veracity they neverthe- 
less established her in the kind 
of tangled thriller, treading the 
borders of probability, which 
was to be her hallmark. 

in Soldiers' 

For example, 1U wviwroi- 
Daughters Never Cry the pro- 
tagonist leaves her femiiy 
home in Britain to. gn to 
Vienna as the mistress oi a 
man she hates, to be near the 
one she foves. Miss Erskme- 
Undop managed to make her 
heroine a murderess, get her 
off in court, and restore her to 
domestic felicity without 
drawing howls of protest from 
reviewers or readers about this 
singular reward for. sexual 
dishonesty and homicide. 

The Singer, Not the Song 
(1953) was the book which 
made her reputation. It be- 
came a Book Society choice 
and was filmed in I960, with 
John Mills playing the part of 
the innocent priest who at- 
tempts to save a Mexican 
village from the tyranny of a 
cynicaL bandit (Dirk Bogarde). 
With the outlaw and a wealthy 
daughter of the village 
(Mylene Demongeot) ending 
up as competitors for the 
-affections of the priest. The 
Singer, Not the Song had 
undertones of homosexuality 
which prevented it from top- 
pling over into simplistic, 
good-versus-evil melodrama. 

But in spite of the success of 
both book and film, she never 
became as popular in this 
country as she was in America 
and on the Continent. F Start 
' Counting (1966) won her a 
Prix Roman Policier in 
France. Her last novel, The 
Self Appointed Saint, was pub- 
lished m 1975. 

Audrey Erskine-Lindop was 
a meticulous worker who 
found relaxation from her 
typewriter in family life and in 
the pets of which she was 
passionately fond. Her house 
inthe Isle of Wight was shared 
with five cats, two parrots and 
a dog. 

She married, in' 1945, the 
scriptwriter, Dudley Leslie, 
with whom she wrote the play 
Beware of Angels (1959). He, 
and her stepdaughter, survive 


— — 


The' Wbrid's No.1 Ughtmeker 
brngmo *0o fta B««*B of BrOw UBMMig 

TTw^km Sir Henry Mfflf 
Fisher. MU* J Ftahw. uw V« J S 


manak Mi 

mimcMiiiuiis ew .He* 1 ™*”:- 

senoon. Canon John TreaagoW. ttre 
Rev Cordon farted vAD Srtnor. 
Loom. Koto. Pr and Mn p M M 
Carey. Dr and Mrs D_ W Sim. .Mr 
Graham Indtessa. Miss Jane camptafi 
and Dr P Ramon. 

The Permanent Under-Sec- 
retary of State at tbe Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office and the 
Diplomatic Service were repre- 
sented by Mr GW. Long at a , 
memorial service for Mr Mor- 
on Man held on Tuesday at 
Christ Church, Chelsea. Preb- 
endary Harold Loasby officiated 
and read tire lesson. Mr Philip 
Bradburoe read The Prophet by 

Kahil Gibran and- Commander 

John Casson read from the 
works of Canon Henry Scott- 
Holland. Sir Geoffrey Jackson 
gave an address. . 

Sir Clement Nageon de 
Lgstang, Chief Justice of the 
High Court of Lagos from 
1958 to 1 964, died on Novem- 
ber 111 He was 76. 

-Marie Charles - Emmanuel 
Cement Nageon de Lestang 
was bora in the Seychelles on 
OtiLober 20, 1910, and educat- 
ed at St Louis’ College, Sey- 
chelles, and King’s College, 
London- He was called to the 
Bar of the Middle Temple in 

supreme court becoming, two 
years later, chief justice of the 
High Court of Lagos. During 

tins time (1958-60) he was also 

chief justice of the Southern 

He was appointed justice of 
appeal at the Eastern Africa 
appeal court in 1964, remain- 
ing in the post until his 
retirement in 1969, when he 
returned to this country. He 
then worked for a number of 
years oh industrial tribunals. 

A fluent French speaker, 
Nageon de Lestang was re- 

He then returned to private ^ __ 

practice in the SeycheOcauntij —Jted b? his Sifeagues te 
1936, when he was appointed J£e judiciary forhtefeir- 
legal adviser and crown prose- m indWss and 

ditor to the government 
Trom 1939 to 1944 he was the 
country's acting chief justice, 
. moving to Kenj^.as a resident 
magistrate before, in 1947, 
becoming Puisne Judge there. 

In- 1956 he was appointed 
iederal justice of- the Nigerian 


his fair- . 


He was a skilled yachtsman, 
and another pursuit was brew- 
ing his own wine. 

He married, in 1933. 
Danielle Sauvage; who , sur- 
vives him with their son and 
three daughters. A second son 
predeceased him. ... 

v Mv‘ 

births, marriages. 

u -'iOlv 1 

and in memoriam 

: r u? 


B. M mug* sww «#W|I * wwni 04 gooq 
“ «« 1 nw thrwin 


: f~~ B IRTHS | 

..fW - On Jg> November. to Lucy 
^Iii James, a son- Bamaoy. a braa>er 
«r ToW and Chloe. 

.ig im - On November 6 U 1 . at 
ontMfbnL Surrey, to Kim Cnte Rob- 
ZrK) and David Charles Merry ck. a 
jaujwer. EnuUe Rose Angharad. 
mUIBERLM - On October som. in 
"ijamiord. Connecticut, to Angela 
Leefe) and Brooks, a son. Brooks 
Theodore Leefe. a brother ror 


DCWDNEV-aUMUHl' ■ On Noventter 
bUt 1986 - tn Port or Spain. Trinidad, 
to Libby and John, a son. James Ed- 
ward John, a brother for Kale and 


n j« - On 10th November, in Singa- 
pore. to Gudrun and Julian, a son. 
a liiM tMK • On lOUi November, 
u Helen (nee Jones) and Simon, a 
.daughter. Chide Louise. A aster for 
t'jam and Amy. 

W/uBMOND - On November am. al 
Lewisham Hospttai. to Sarah mfe 
Hunbmy) and Ian. a son. Alexander 

■EATON - On November 9th. at Kings- 
ton. Ontario, to Joan m£e Van Slcuei 
and Jeremy, a daughter. Alexandra 
Catherine Rachel. With thanks to the 
Humana WeiUngton LVJr. unit. 

LEWIS - On 9th November 1986 to 
Amabel tttfe Green) and Richard, a 

LYTH - On November 2nd. to Simon 
and Linda (n£e Simpson) of F AX. 
Marine. UnafaSKm. a son. Matthew 

MORRIS ■ On November 6 In GfenMiar 
to VreneM faee Locher de 
Werdenherg) and Michael. a daugh- 
ter. Jessica Kate, a sister for Emma 
and Charlotte. 

RATON - On I Oth November, to 
Yvonne and John, a son Chrtsiooher 
Giles, a brother for Alexander. 

ROOM - On November 3rd 1986. to 
jane into Tltcombe) and David, a 
daughter. Louise May. 

SHAW STEWART ■ On November 
121 b. at Queen Mother's HosoUal. 
YorfcMU. Glasgow, to Lucinda and 
Houston, a son. 

STAMEN - On November 9th 1986. 
Amktttr Day. to fiances inee 
HowarUi) and Niehotae. a much 
loved son and brother for Matthew 
J; and wurtam. 

jJTREETER - On November 9th. at 
Rosie Maternity Hasottal. Caro- 
bndge. to Hilary inee Ledgard) and 
Andrew, a daughter. Fiona Natalie 
ChantaL a sister ror Louise. 
SWANSTOH - tm November 10 th 
<986. to Rosalind inee Deni) and 
Michael a son. Jack. 

TWOMEY - on 6th November 1986. to 
Sarah tnee Smoxs) and Kevin, a 
daughter. Hannan Jane. 

WAKEFIELD - On November 1st to 
Barbara and Anthony, a son Thomas 
Edward Montague. 

WARD - On November d[]i 1986. to 
•Dota (nee ChappeKrwi and Jeremy, a 
son. Edward AnnesJey. 


day 12th November 1986 in London. 
Chrts lo Joyrr (.nee Dove). 


ABEL - Ob November 7th. peacefully 
tn hogxlaL Agnete tngeborg. widow 
of Edwin Arundel, deer mother of 
L Eric. Peter and Judith. Funeral Ser 
nee at the Darusn Church. St 
Ka marine's Precinct NWl on Friday 
14th November at u. OO im. fo*- 
lowed tn- private cremation. 
9th 198b. Charles Lionel tLyonL 
d»arty loved husband of Pamela and 
of the late Sybil. Funeral at AH Saints 
Church. Old HeaUiftefr) at 2-30 p.m. 
Tuesday 18th Novemtier followed by 
private cremation. Please no flowers 
or loners, donations If wished tn 
Arthritis and Rheumaogn Council. 
Heaihftdd Branch, c/o Mrs J 
Weober. Doivniand. High SL 
HecthfMM. East Sussex 
BOWEN • On Friday 7 November 
1906. Terence (TM-TBI aged 3^ 
years, suddenly tn a London Hospt- 
lai Dearty loved eWest son of Kevm 
and Nora, sadiy missed brother of 
Lester and James. Remeraoered with 
love and deep affection by an who 
knew him. Funeral Mas at » 
Atphonsus RC Church. Ayna Rd. 
Old Trafford. Manchester on Friday 
14th November al 9 am. prior to In- 
terment at Dunham Lawn Cemetery 
ai ic. 30 am. Enouines and flowers 
lo Kenneth Dewey and Sons. Park 
Funeral Services. Altrincham. Tel: 
061 928 MS6 

I-TR3AD - On November Bth after a 
* short Illness. Eric George of Ponders 
sa. Rectory Rd.. Atderbury. Beloved 
husband of Leila and loving father of 
Jennifer. Susan and Carolyn* and 
their families, cremation ai Sans- 
bury Crematorium on Thursday 
November 1 3th at 1 JO mi.. No 
B owers but donations to the Founda- 
tion lor the Study of Infant Oeatt. 
c/o H A Harrow & Son Ltd. 77 
Esicourt Rd-. Salisbury. Wiltshire. 
Tel 0722 21177. 

COMBE - On November 1 1th aller a 
very lone Uhwws. uncomplauunWy 
borne. Diana Mary Elizabeth (i*e 
wallers) one time of North Borneo, 
taler for 24 years J.P.. beloved wife, 
mother and grandmother. Cremation 
pnvaie Thanksgiving Sendee at a 
Peter's Church. Shertnghara al 3 
p.m on Monday November I7lh. No 
nowers. but gifts ui her memory may 
be made to Sf Peter’s Ctiurcti Roof 
Appeal or Cancer Research, c/o 
BLyih's Funeral Services. 
Sbetingham. please. * 
rUJOTT - On November IQOi 1986. 
Richard William DUoit T.D.. Solici- 
tor Retired oi Gosport * Fair Oak. 
Hampshire. 68 yearv Enginmlo 
|r Funeral Director E J Crossland 0705 

CtmOttE - On 7Ui November 1986. In 
3 tragic accident. Aiastatr Pet®- 
Guthrie, deewj loved vourKKF son of 
JFfaona. Lads Guthrie 
gum Guthne Bt Beloved husband 
ot Tats and adored lather of Aiexao- 
der and Bamaby Funeral private- 
Memorial Service to be announced 

HAZZAN - On 7th November, at home 
in Manchester. Sylvia, aged 81. 
Widow of Ralph and much loved 
mother of Marshall and Geoffrey. 
Will be deeply missed by daughter-in- 
taw Joan, grandchildren and many 
relatives and flrienas. 

HOLLIDAY - On November 1 lth. In 
Mount Atvcnua How«B. 

Painoa. beloved wtoow of Do«or 
Peter and mother of Sally. OwL 
jenny. Michael. Alice. Lucy and 
Francis The Funeral Ser\-ms j«ff 
take Place at Si Eduard's CJM”*; , 
dution Place on Monday 17th No- ] 
a. 1 1 30 ML. M Owen 
and enquiries to PWnn ?,f 
vices. Charters. Mary Road. 
Guildford. Tel .0483) 67394. 

HUKI ■ Chi 9lh November, suddenly. 

Pierre, beloved husband of 
juiia and father of Jean-Mlrhet and 


' MAGE - On 9 th November, suddenly 
bui peacefully. Thomas Arthur. De- 
Io\ ed husband and father. FunwW at 
Si Edmimos Church. jJnnePi; ^Nr 
Wisbech, al 1 1 a tn. on Tuesday 1MJ 
Novemoer. Funeral enouines and 

Rd. VMSbeCh Tei 094 S S 84762 . 
umm . on November loth 19 S6 
Carefully at Fotdm^rtdg^wimily. 
Topti 80 son of AousH* John w-M- 
and huibond 

Katherine Jonn. Funeral on Thurv 
dTMODbtr 20 th at 

Si Sonjiare Church, woodgreen. nr 

Fordingnrm oe. 

University news 


ssflff- rlu %rJP^ Wooa - 

«..o£ a N Davis- 

and ®5-»Pr!sI ,, 'S^o8iiEGE 


and prurfmor ^ provost to 

W»« Lord 
^ rrtlrtna aS * " 

tna: date 

somCTViLLE “ibS^chcah. Com- 

A-arns. Jan {f Chelienteun i-a- 

rrnrwr. neaklh iici>oia»snip 

ERhOaMori I Catherine 

itnoia.-mo “* ,Ki fw First in 

N-cho.vcn ModerahMjN 

^'^^Ch^sniriei' El«abuU, 

H Si«. sas-S. £*M-“SS 

s:r o Si^;“ ; 3 -~- *■” — 



WJWIIj LTftH . Op November ldttv 
P«[cefuily at home. Alan, dear hus- 
S 5 J* TdnU aw much loved stop 
Jhiher of Slurtey and Ftxzy. ‘Owiie* 
toi he vandetuidren. GJU<. to gen- 
01 hoys at SLAJbans 
P«nnod»n. Service al Worthing 
Findon on Friday No- 
4 th« 1 1 a .mo££rtesto 
2 ^”^ Bros, steymno. Sussex. 
Tei. 10905 ) 012666 «*“““• 

"g y,.'. Q» .Novem ber 9th at 

Thomwbwik. Coring won Thames. 
lAiaries Edward Kemp, aged 84 
jggr 5 -. **ge Headmaster of Reeding 
SrtwoL Funeral Sendee at St Mary’s 
Church. Streauey on Monday 17th 
November 1986 at 11.00 *jt». fot- 
toweu by private cremation. Flowers 
and enquiries to c. h. Lovegrove 

.^v^r ^ r * mu, °- t « 

- On November 6th. suddenly, 
aged 75 years. Lieutenant, late 
Royal Army Service Corp. Formerly 
Coldstream Guards, latterly Direc- 
torate of Overseas Survey. 
ToJworth. Beloved husband of tte 
tale Gladys and fond father of Peter 
and Eunice, loving grantUbther Of 
Alan. Helen. Jason and Giles. Funer- 
al Service at Crawley crematorium. 
1115 am. 18th November. No flow- 
era please, bin donalfoos If desired Un 
The Dunkirk Veterans Association. 
NASCON do LESTANG - On November 
1 lth. peacefully m Wallingford Hos- 
NtoL Sir dement Charles 
Emmanuel, of Pranks. Court Drive. 
StiBUngfonl. Beloved hu-band of 
Danielle and lather or Mute-JoK. 
Mtchetyne, Bernard and Anne- 
Marie. Funeral Service Tuesday 
November 18lh. at St Blrlnus 
1 Church. Dorchester. Oxon at 12 

NAYHAM . On November 4th 1986 
Peter Arthur Neville at Ids home (56 
V let orfa Avenue. Remuera. Auck- 
land. New Zealand). Beloved 
husband of the late Betty. Loved fa- 
ther and (hther-tn-taw of Hemet and 
Michael (Friedlander) and Oliver and 
Anna, loved grandfather of Jason 
and Dante! and Paul and Roger. AH 
communlrabons to Mr. O Nathan. 66 
victoria Avenue. Remuera. Auck- 
land. New Zealand. 

OSIER - On November 1 lth 1986. 
Gwynedd Eardley. widow of Lionet, 
formerly of Sandon. Chelmsford. 
Mother of John, died 1977 and of 
Mich ael, killed to action RAF 1942. 
SHEPHERD - on November 6. in hos- 
pital al Bath. Florence LUhan 
fTeddle). recently of Devines and for- 
merly of BuvOU- Tlw loving and 
loved wife of the late Captain R T 
Shepherd iRonnteL devoted mother 
of Peter ana Valerie, adored grannie 
of Michael. NigeL Wendy. Clare and 
Jackie, win be sadly missed by an 
her family and many mends. Funer- 
al Sendee at SI Mary’s Church. 
Btutthfleld. Berkshire. 12.00 noon 
Wednesday November 12. tmennent 
at NuUiall Cemetery. NuUiall. Not- 
tingham at 12.00 noon Thinsday. 
November 13. Family flowers only 
please. Donations if desired to the 
British Heart Foundation. 102 
Gloucester Place. London Wl. 
SMELL - On November I lth. at 
I Romeswood HopttaL Worcester. 

Douglas Goddard M.B.B.S.. formerly 
i ot Colonial Medical Service. Uganda. 
Dearly loved husband of Evelyn, 
father of Anlhea. Veronica and An- 
drew. Grandfather Of Malcolm. 
Duncan. Rebecca. Nell. Rachel, 
i Jessica. Edward. Tom and Rosalind. 
Funeral Service al Ecfctngton Parish 
Church, pershore on Monday 
November 17th at 12 noon. Family 
Bowen only. Donations to the British 
Heart Formation or the NSPCC. 
7th. as a result of a tragic acctcenL 
Kessvan. aged 16 The son of Or and 
Mrs Somasundcram. Service at Salis- 
bury Crematorium today. Thursday 
13th November at 3.46 pan.. 
TOWERS - On Novonber 10 19«6. 
peacefully. Jean C Towers, of Tie 
While House. Hastemere. widow of 
the tale G L Towers and formerly 
wife of the late Doctor S J C Holden 
of Aylesbury. Very Hearty loved 
mother of Jeannette and Margaret, 
beloved grandmother and great 
grandmother. Funeral private, but 
donattons if desired to the NSPCC 
67 Saffron MOL ECi. 

WARE - On Nov-ember 8th. suddenly 
but peacefully in hospItaL Ian 
Charles Stuart Wade, beloved hus- 
band of Karen, son of Dorothy and 
Charles and twin brother of Jacque- 
line. Donations to Intensive Care 
Trust FXmd. Brook Gemra) HosMaL 
or Rowers, both c/o Cooperative 
Funeral Directors. SL Andrew's 
Road. Oanonon-sea. 

WEBSTER - On November 9th 1986 
at the Wbiton Nursing Home. John 
Thornton, beloved husband of the 
late Margaret father « John and 
grandfather of Paul and Kale. Funer- 
al Service at S» Andrews. Nrtha; 
Wallop al 1.30 om on Monday 17th 
November. Followed by private cre- 
mation. Family flowers only, but 
donations If desired to ihe Treasurer 
St Andrew’s Church. 

WHYTE - On November 11th- peace- 
fully after a short mness. tn hto 815* 
year. Lewis GOmour OBX-. Beloved 
husband of Diana, very dear father 
of Diana. Henry. Prudence and 
OUvta and wandfether of Joy. David 
and Rachel. Funeral Service on 
Tuesday November 18th al 10.46am 
ai St Raid’s Church. Kingston HUL 
Surrey (near Noriitton station) fol- 
lowed by private cremation. Fanny 
[lowers only. Donations, tf desired lo 
the Order of St John Of Jerusalem. 
St John’s Gate. CterkenweU. Lon— - 

WILLIAMS - On November 8th 1986 
Gareth Mark. (Damien, on Uyn Pen- 
insular. Funeral 2-00 p.m. Friday 
14th at Uangwnnadl Church. 

WOOD - On November Bth 1986 Al- 
bert Kenneth (JfenX aged 64 years, 
solicitor. DJ. Freeman and Co. 
Loved husband of Joyce and father 
« Simon. Gary and Joanne. 

WOOD - On Saturday 8th November, 
after a short and unexpected Alness 
01 Ensom District Hospital- Albert 
Kenneth, aged 64 years. Much loved 
husband of Joyce and father of Si- 
mon. Gary and Joanne. The Funeral 
Service is ai Randan’s Park Cremato- 
rium. Leatherhead at 10.00 ajn. on 
Friday (4ih November. 

WORSLEY - On November 10th 1986 
peacefully tn hospital. Vida inee Me 
Gonmcfc). Widow of Edgar Taylor 
Worsley of Edgoarton and mother of 
Peter. Nicholas and Andrew. Funer- 
al Service af me Unitarian New 
Meeting. Ryland Street. Five Ways. 
Birmingham on Tuesday November 
lBiti at 12.30 pm. Family (lowers 
only please. Donations to the British 
Heart Foundation. 102 Gtaucesier 
Place. London W1H 4DH. 


MARTM - Walter. Mansfield late Man- 
chester. sadly missed by Peggy. 
Dorothy. Tom. friends ana «*■ 
leagues. Regretfully omitted on 12th. 


RASTTN - In memory of Captain Ed- 
ward Basdn. Royal Marines. His 
Officers and Men of the 190th M.G. 
Coy.. Royal Naval DfvtSMn. who fell 
al Beaumow Hamel on November 
13th 1916. 



HARVEY - The Ftsierai Service of toe 
Ven. Frank Han®. Archdeacon of 
London and Canon Residentiary, 
will take place In SL Paul’s Cathedral 
ai 11.30 am, on Monday 17th No- 
vember. followed by a private 


Theology: Thr Ret Ow Brown. MA. 
DPtill. fMA Eoin. PhD Cambi. fellow 
of Oriel College, theology, from 
October 1 to September 30 1991. 
Curator of the university museum;. W 
j Kennedy. MA (PhD London), 
university lecturer in naiaeaiuoloay. 


Ortooer Z to September 30 
Keener of western mapuswriPte I 
iBudkdan Library). Mrs m caaptnaom. i 
MA- from September i to toe retiring 

bSrunor ShtoYun Kan. CtuneGe. , 
rrom October 1 lo September 30 
1987. ! 

Church news j 

Choprfi in Wales I 

Appoinimenis . j 

The Rrv Patnc* »n. pneM-uvcnarpe , 
at RiurdMn. diocese oi GteuoMleT, U 
be Vicar of Nowbrtftgpnn-M'vo with 
Livsdinam. Uanfihauge) Brynpabutm. 

: omluch Ltechrtiyd. and Llanafan 
I Fowr., Powys, diocese at Swansea and 

I The Rev Daniel Timothy H Utley. 

I nr uni bent oi Wed Walton. dlocPw of 
Ely. lo w vital nr Gwmdeudowr w«h 
St HaimiMi and Uanwrthwt. nf 
Powvc. dtocne of Swansea and i 

nr«MViri « 


OSBORNE nerSUCO. WIDOW «e of Flol 
8 Albany Mannoos. Auuny Rond. Bothfll- 
on-Sea. Ean Sussex died at Hasnngs. East 
Sussmi. on 20to May 1986 

■Estate abmw SSV.OOCn 
The mother or uie above nmd ■» reguai- 
ed lo appty lo the Treasury Soncaor 
IO V), Queen Anne’s Chambers. 38 
BnwMy. London SWtN PJS. late no 
wntch me Treasury Saiiator may take 
Mem in BUniiMlrr utr eSMr. 

TEE. FREDERICK TEC (Me of S Priory , 
HI 4. Dsniord. Kesri Med there, on or 
aboul 16Ui December ibOG 

Estate about £80800* 
The moUier of Ute above-named tt ra- 
eunud lo aootx to toe Treasury Souctw 
IB V.,) ouren Anne’s Chambeea. 38 
Broadway, umoon SWIH 9J8- Mtttoa 
wtuch tor Treasury Sottcttor may lake 
steps to aananwer the estate. 


hear rrorn Authors. H you nave wrtnen 
a book Uial deserves ptotocatioa wrUr 
LTD. 33 mob Street. Lewes. Sussex 
BN 7 2 U.I. 

MARGARET of East Avenue and VaF 
entme. I sdD love you. please contact 
me. ALM. 

ASHE ntr Bean. Pamela. DMrr- Anyone 
knowing of above Mease inform honor- 
toil to contort Htommanourtw Inn 
DuMan. Reply to BOX E 6 i . 

te YOU already have a Mb In the Alps IMS 
Winter and wtsn lo oo<w* your wagMtor 
minimal effort: gel In loucb 01228 
3081 . 

ROBEJL Irusslno my prawn sandwiches. 
Please reman. S.W. 


MTPY Bu-today CKson. your hair i 
Reply lo BOX HfiZ . 

- RPcy H BO 


BOLTON Nefl and tha family ot thr late. 
joiw of Han Street. Little Sneilord 
would Uke to extend Ihclr utanks to ah 
retailves. friends. nettRibourj and 
John’s termer coHegues for an men- 
tdndmss and sympnmy mown in them 
during ihetr recent sad loss A spenat 
manta lo aU whose who amended me 
funeral service, their p res e n ce was of 
great comfort. 


SPEED'S THE GAME: Loser fonts, com- 
puter grantee* and ether software to 
typeset, spettchrck. pagemake and re- 
produce your newsletter, business 
report or onr-oMr visual tn one day. 
For prompt DeskTop PuWMung and du- 
ptfcntfng servtccB call MerfmGen Hi.Kt 
Ltd. Tel: 01 - 95 T- 9568 . 

PAWNBROKERS ter more than GO years 
and still M your service Mon to Sat 
lOam-d-JOpm. A.B Davis Ud- B 9 
Queensway. W 2 Tel Ot 229 Z 77 T. 

fnEMDSMF, Low or Marriage. Afl ages, 
are*. Dateline. Dept IQ 1 6 ) 23 Abmgdoo 
Road. London W 8 . Tet 01-938 toil. 

CAD— E CVS Ud professional curricu- 
lum vtiae dorumoris. Details: 01-631 
3388 . 

SMMHJET Chotw? Attractive peooto meet 
vu Dadnibank 39 havenadate Avj. 
London N 12 M- Ot 446 1241/406 
1233 . 

PERSIAN ORIENTAL * av otoer W-r 
paired. Personal Serstce. Cril anytime. 
01-349 9978 - 

COMVFYAHCmc by fully auaUtted Sodri- 
lon- £180 * VAT and standard 
dKhursemenU ring 0244 319398 . 

T— norre racpNMi nv gducuots. 
Nation wide. TM OI 272 8201 . 

CAPITAL CVs prepare tMgti ouafay curric- 
ulum vnaes. 01-607 7903 . 

school 118 -do age group) Tel: 01-373 
1665 - 


RIAMMWOHTII common Professional 
M/F or epunte to Durr supero large nat- 
al) ammmeties. £ 20 Q PCM eaci. Av«U- 

aUr now Tel OI 248 348 bidayiOI 874 
4073 inn) 

BOOH CMU W 14 . Female lo shore 
iMmM fully lined Iwuw. Own room. 
CSSS pern incl. Tei Ot 002 4 B 48 after 
600 pm 

KEHSHWYON (Ml Double roum/dnmlna 
room jv iiw Nr in large imiuc a bed- 
room flat Transport ntceueiu Rris 
regiured. £60 pw nr. Ol 938 2 S 72 . 

WANTED Batchelor gmUenun. aged 31 . 
uria a room in a mural London 
nal/hoooe. Can keen an eye on toe 
prenusn. lor an absentee owner Hrti- 
abte. rcsprciaWr and nouseproud. Tel: 
Ol 876 1380 i after 9 aml. 

PALMERS. BRSXM MSS Large room ui 
home, share an amende*, garden m/f. 

M/k. £160 pan IOC. B 54 OdfiS Ol 444 S | 
may). BBS 1634 mei. I 

SHEPHERDS BU SH- 3 rd Person to share 1 
sun try newly modernised house wHh I 
garden, own room. £86 pw inclusive. , 
Ol 745 7414 j 

BOUNDS GREEN Prof M/F. to share atr- . 
den nai wnn lawyer, o/n. au anmum. 
Ideal for City £130 pan exc) 01 881 ■ 
0307 after a wo nr w/e. 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing WeU I 
«uu uitrodurtory service. Pw lei ror 
aPM: Ol 589 B 4 ®|. 313 BrompMo 1 
Road, swa 

CHBLSUEbrofaMtonHlawMfertarw I 
double m umewus shared house. Tel I 
484 0299 level) 

FULHAM Fouth perron, preferably tematc | 
gradiude. Inr short in only £70 per i 
week. References Tet J 86 2674 

BROOK GREEN WI 4 Female to share i 
room Sunny flat. £t 2 S pan. 01457 1 
5361 . 01-603 8264 . 

CMSBRCK Prof M/e io snore tgr hse nr 
tube with 2 others O/R £190 pan. 248 i 
6464 esJ 2886 > 0 ). 74 T 3144 IH). 

inmMuir vacancy. 6 nm» tube £44 . 
bw nu). Tel Ol 340 2178 eves j 

CLAPHAM PARK Prof m/L o/s to share 
tovety 3 MnnnM house with aarden. 
O/r. £50 pw exc 674 4414 . ! 

FOREST WLL Prof. m/f. N/S to share 
ganien not. O/R C/n 1 1 mins London 
Bn doe £40 pw eke t. Tet OI 29 t 0148 

HAMPSTEAD room available in luxury 
flai 2 oaths. 3 nuns tube. £200 pem 
nrirorve. Tel Ol 386 2732 

NTRCtrl. own room ui luxury flat, swing 
room. CH, Tv. Video, gardens £46 pw 
Tel: 01 - 431-1819 

WIMBLEDON Prof F N/S. T» share nni 
me O/R CH. AU facilities Nr trans- 
port £166 pern. Ol 947 6359 level 


WANTED. Three bedroomed flat- uniur- 
imned Swiss Conaoe area Long 
Company let Upto £ 260 oer woek. Tet 
01-586 2875 taller 6.00 pm). 

AVAILABLE MOW Luxury Oats & houses 
£200 - £ 1,000 per week. Tet. Burgess 
681 4136 . 

CHELSEA 2 berb u omed flat, wen fur- 
nished. CM. porter. £200 ow Inti. CH. 
Tel 01 331 7481 evenings. 

KEN CHURCH ST Excettenl studio DaL 
scp. JdL bath. hall. £i 2 Spw. tor CH. 
CHW. ronevage. Teh Ot 650 9898 . 

SHORT LET MTS- Harley street Lux flat. 
Mod work. 24 hr Porter, sips 2 . TV. 
Phone. £176 pw Rina Ol- 48 fi 4011 . 



wicauders beautiful natural cork Wes. 
Extremely hard wearing the best mon- 
ey can buy £ 8.95 per sa yd + vat 
Merakatofl vefvet pOe carnet |4 pfaw 
colours. Bum in underlay I 2 - wide 

from stock 7 year wear guarantee tor 

home or office. £ 4.75 per so yd + vnt. 
Plus the uroea selecuoa of p lam nr- 
peftog m London 

256 New Kings Road 
parsons Green SW 6 

TetOl-73 1-2588 

Free Csumates-Expert Filtlno 

STEWWAV GRAND Rosewood. 6 ff. Seri- 
al 04332 Well maintained. £ 6260 . Tet 
044 482 386 iSussex) 

ANTIQUE Glam fronted China Dtstriay 
Cabinet, inlaid Rosewood £ 460 . Victori- 
an Armchair, carved tegs and handles, 
deep buttoned £ 360 . 0272 622090 

ing room suites in solid Brazilian 
mahogany and soUd English oak. avatl- 
able from stock. For IMMEDIATE 
DELIVERY, including line examples by 
Tlicftmanh 6 Goodwin. Arthur Bren. 
WiHuun Tinman and Andrew Sins. 
NenJeoed. near Henley on Thames 
■ 0491 ) 641 HE. Bournemouth 10200 ) 
293680 . Topshara. Devon ( 039287 ) 
7443 . Berkeley. Ctos 1 04631 810962 - 

CARPETSc 80 % Wool Verves El 1.99 M 
yrd to cteours. 806 . Wool twist £ 8.99 
m yrd to colours. M era* on Vetour 
C 4 99 so vnL Prices inclusive of VAT. 
We can oiooiy and fB any make M car- 
pel. Abacus Carpet Co. Tee 01-940 
6142 or 01-948 0860 

ROYAL YACHT Re-Launched. Ttds fam- 
ous range of Mens Toiletries is now 
available Irom Hamids. General Trad- 
ing Company. Exbnious and leading 
shops throughout the country For your 
nearest stockist Meptwne 06286-31439 

over i year (APR OW). Low toleresi 

rales on er 2 y een > APR 9 . 5 bu A 3 yean 
t APR 12 . 2 TOI Written quotations. Free 
Catalogue. 30 a HWhgole Road. NWS. ; 
01-267 7671 . | 

FINEST quality wool earitete- At trade , 
prices ana under, abo avaaabte lOCYs 
extra. Large room size remnants under 
hon normal Price. Chancery carpets Oi , 
405 0463 . 

SEATF 1 NDGRS. Ben ttekete lor all sold- 
oui events. Our rtteuts incuxte most 
motor companies. Credit cords accepted. 
Ol 828 1678 . 

imm Exp. Chen Lee Mh ad toeame 
and sports. Tel: 821 - 6016 / 828 - 

04 95 -A. Lx / Veto / DOM. 

CATS. CHESS, Lea Misjind Phantom. Ad 
thi-ain-ana sport Tet 439 1 763 . All ma- 
ter credo rds. 

m i n i 9 th C. Excellent condfaen. Hard 
cove * 2 bows. £ 3 . 000 . Tet Ol 876 

1 5 lh Edition Cost £ 1180 . Absolutely to 
new. £650 O! 699 6411 . 

OLD YORK FLAGSTONES, coterie lefts 
elr Nationwide delnienea. Tel: lOSdOl 
850039 i Wins i 

PIANO. Very pretty mtayed walnut up- 
ngni excellent playfiw order, tuned. 
£ 546 . Mint ComUUan. Ol -463 0148 . 

VIDEO SENSATION Latest 8 nr remote 
Control model only £ 329 . Togs. 9 l Low- 
er Sloane SI . SMIl. 01-730 0933 . 

BRASS BCD: S ’6 antique hair lest Or. Best 
oiler T*l :01 - 723-1053 lOfllccL 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and all 
Painted lurmturv. Mr Asfllon 01 947 
3946 . 067669 Oorran Lane. Eanafleld. 
SW 17 


JEWELLERY. Gold, fahet. Dnnonds ur- 
genilv wanted. Top prices, wimams. 43 
Lambs CundiHl SI WC 1 Ot a 06 «SJ 8 

YELLOW PARES- Wanted. aComofCen- 
Irai Lunoon >nlw Pages lor ism . tto 
paid PIUS postage. 0223 311649 Days 


British Heart Foundation 

■me heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Place, \ 

London W 1 H 4 DH. *5 

DATCOTT AVENUE 8 W 3 Suoarb Unaol- 
■tomraty designed maisonette, etna 
o ju eBcm iranspon and mopping. Large 
roeep. Mom', dbung cm. omwerva- 
tory. doubte botfroom A ensuite 
bathroom, ruby fined ML Avail now 4 
months. £460 p w. MaokHD Ol 681 
22 J 6 

E R U TOW BDME. SWS Lovely Patio nar 
with sunny Reccp/Dton*. New KM Mas 
ter Bed with M aam. St id Bed A Shwr 
Rm. Palio Cdn wHh Dtrecl Access to 
Communal Carden. Close South Ken 
tube A KnWhiMjridge. £ 396 pw neg- 
Cootm 828 826 s 

BKHMOND COURT SW 1 S. An extremely 
anracllve 3 rd (Ir ftal In PB 8 with balco- 
ny * own garage. 3 bedrms. dble 
reception, ttollirm with tacvzxL shower 
<m with goto finings, ff kllchen wKh all 
machines. Long co let £200 pw. 244 
7363 (T 1 

(M/itouw: uv to £ 800 pw. usual faro 
nn. Phtnips Kay 3 Lewis. South of toe 
Park Chctsea office. 01362 Bill or 
North of urn Park. Regent's Parts office. 
01-586 9882 . 

HAMPSTEAD suber ftal MUml to ktyWr 
country vetting, o /looking Heath & golf 
course 30 n L -shaped studio. boKony. 
kll. bUmu/wc. CH. phone. Avail now 
for 1 yr. £95 pw. Owner 01 586 4539 
or 883 2321 

MARBLE ARCH Wl. BnghL spaoouv & 
rteganl lsi fir nal tel In wen ma n aged 
MOCK. Newly decorated. 3 bedims. 1 'v 

bains, doubte reception, well punned 
Kitchen with oil appliances, balcony. 
Long Co M. £575 pw 244 7363 IT* 

RC 2 - HJVwaier/.UotHnq HID. Swerii flrw 
floor one bedroom balcony Hal. Kuchin, 
lounge, bathroom, oil raarnlnes. GCH. 
•uncouple Close public iransbOrt £140 
p/w. Deposit required. Tel Ol 282 0996 

WEST HAMPSTEAD. Magntfleenl fUl 
romoWfpty refurb. 3 mins from Tube. 4 
good steed bedims. 2 baUtrma 1 1 ensullel 
lounge wtut original rplace. siunmno >1 
kil/Oliwr with alt machines. Suit 6 
sharers. £250 pw. 244 7353 <T> 

s/c basement rial. 2 rms. b A k 5 Mms 
lube/Snops. £lOO pw. CH incl. Suil 
young couple nr single perron Non- 
smoKen only. 03 - 974^878 oner *>m- 

CAMBBtOCE cay centre. Unique fur- 
tinned noun- Oulrt location. 1 dble 
Bedroom & I stole. 3 reception, too 
kluheh Phqo gdn. Lease 1 year from 
Jon ’ 87 . £600 pcm. Ol 727 7963 eves. 

CLAPHAM &W 12 . Large brt*it 4 mm- 
emu* 2 bed MU In Wort. RrfW/ 
dining, turn won shwr. n xiL dine gin 
dose to Tube, shops A Common Newly 
dec. A must « £120 pw. 244 7353 07 

DOJCHTFUL ante h> period house nr 
Ounnenbury ILT 7 A M 4 . 3 beds, aw- 
Ing room, new kd rte. BOD 9 dn. £216 
pw Co leL Duck worth 01-583 4866 , 

EXaMMTE soM-ievei pbuo fed. i/ 2 beds. 
new ku. aurac pertod property nejr 
Ounnenbury Q.T 7 & M 4 . £136 pw Co 
let- Duckworth 01-883 4586 . 

HEWMWBTflM QpHf streeL High cetings. 2 
Beds. 20 -X 16 ' Reoep. KB tall apppancni. 
Horn. £ 160 pw. 493 2091 . Eves 870 
4703 iT>. 

PtED-A-TERRC. West End/Clty Attrar- 
thety (urn la ideal central locadon. 2 
mins rube. Dbte bedim, reception. 
baUifm. It kitchen with apnnonces 
£130 pw 344 7353 ITI 

SOUTHRELDN me IN. Pteosantjy located 
III llr nai. 2 Beds, attract receo. suiter i 
idi with all machines, bath with shwr. 
use of garneno. TV. video, ansphone. 
Long tet £120 pw. 244 735 * m 

SWISS COTTAGE HW 3 4 bedroomed Dal. 
furnished and equipped to high stan- 
dard. off Mirot parking, pallo. t? snare 
ferrite garden. £ 3 ao ptv Te). Ol 266 
0129 . 

Wl. Setortlim of supero aparrrnrats to 
luxurious Block 2 ♦ * bed ftols £ 350 - 
£600 pw 4 2 pemhous* aparnoraw. 
£625 - £650 pw I urn /uni urn. Long lets 
York Estate* 724 0335 . 

BEKD 8 BBT CH O F F for luxury Properties 
to fa Johns Wood. Regents Park. vkuda 
Vale. Sww coil A Hampstead Oi 666 

I lor-. I prime (urndMC and unlurmsheo 
homes Now avaPabte via GtolM AP*n- 
memo. Ol 935 9512 . 

BRENTFORD, 2 worm grad Dr tolly (ura 
nal. pun space. Aal to sunernuukei & 
yactu Posen. Go's only £160 pw Tel 
829 8574 Other properoc* a vollabte ID 

HAMPSTEAD'S fabulous R*'- *» 

with aporuus race*. 1 double S «. rod' 
bedroom-. Dining Area. GCH T » Ol 
286 8040 <Ti 

HAMPSTEAD Spartpus ewemton. 1 
base Bed Study. Recep- Mod hil Gas 
CH. £ 1 90 PW ONO- Co let. Cn-ene 4 Go 
01-626 8611 

■IH TEma flN G raanqmq wtetlwn ql tor 
nished flats L hotfWi- irom £ 180 pw- 
£3030 in Kenstngion 
prem. Bmhain A Bt-eiea Ol 938 3522 


If you have guottiy property 
to tel, Id) to. 


Cxoerl prafessMfUl service. 

Z 70 Laris Court Road. SWS 
01-244 7363 



Luxury Studio. 1 A 2 Bed opts 
serviced 6 days pw. 24 hour 

For viewing trteplran*. 

01 -493 0887 or 
01-409 2573 

CORNWALL CONS. *W 7 . Nrwry oecutai- 
ed 3 rd fir (lot (walk uni overtoohing 
peaceful garden 54 I reception. I dbte 
tted. To tel UhfumMhed eecem carpets 
a. curiam Long Go tel £120 pw. Rrgen- 
cy House Pnoperaes Oj 937 37)0 

HAIM 1 1 LAD SMOom anooue furntshM 
luxury ru> with pan use ot garden. J 
doubte. l unale study bed. kiunoe. din- 
ing area, country kitchen. C 28 o gw. Tei 
Ol 1 SS 2759 

CMGHTSBRWDC SW 7 dose Hyde Park 
Company Dnectort. Dream* A iruiy 
iwmptiout ml deseaned j bed api in excel 
mock feaiunng amazing soil paho. Must 
be Viewed 1 1275 o w. Asm Properties. 
Ol 486 5741 

FEHTHOUSC Wl Dltoj panoramic stews 
oser London from Bus suieitj 6 U»/ 7 ih 
(tear duplex apt. 3/4 nedrms. able 
recep. exm Ui *2 bains, sauna, terrace 
+ goe. Highly Red £760 n.w. Ascot 
Properties 01 486 5741 

BCLBRAV 1 A. DehghUu) matronelle with 
2 dble a IsqteDrdrm. 2 baUtt. Ige recep. 
modern ff kilctien. aRracmety (ur- 
msnao Long Cb tei £230 pw Regency 
House Properties 01 - 93 ? 3710 

r W OAPP iMonagemeni Services' Ud re- 
quire proorroen in Central- South and 
West London Areas for waiting appU- 
canla trt Ol 221 8835 . 

ON FINCHLEY RD NWS Swoons 4 bed 
(urn marionette in charming 
neighbour nood. GCH. KW. kit. far 
recep. dining rm. sep twin, showers. 2 
KCL E 2 fi 0 pw. Owner Tel Ol 633 94 e 6 

SOUTH KENSINGTON. Garden fumtshed 
dal. one double rod. Recep. Kllchen. 
Bathroom wun WC Gas CH £ 1 40 ow 
Phone. 01-373 2252 (between 9 - IO 
am. ana o > s pmi 

EALMO 2 room flai to newly decorated 
aiiracuse Victorian house, kilctien and 
bathroom, suiubte proiettwnals. TeL 
Ol 998 3289 

sm »ri i bed flai with patio - newly 
redecorated. Long Co. tel £180 pw. 
OOOOARD A SMITH Ol 930 7321 

BT JOHNS WOOD. Large lux tUd suitable 
lor ox people Min 3 mitts £300 pw CO 
lei- Kay A Co: 486 6335 . 

Wl Carden Sa. Loo Potto OM 2 dM beds, 
lux ML living rm. etc. Full lurntshed A 
equipped. £220 pw. Tel: M 34282 J *307 

KENSINGTON, WS Light & w«u lurntshed 
Studio dal. Studio Rm. Kll. Tiled 
Bath/Snwr Porter. £ISOpw neg 
Cobles 828 8261 . 

KENSINGTON. Attractive spacious grnd 
fir (lai in mansion Mock. 4 beds. 2 bains. 

2 recep*. kil/tfln er. Ad machines fart A 
Porter. £700 pw Co tet- 947 7261 m. 

KKK MN 8 TBH MTS Oulef newly dec lura 
na) I bed rec. WL bulh. A shwr CM, TV. 
£140 P.w. MIN 6 nuns. Ol -534 6636 19 - 
6 ) 

MAKM VALE- FM. Spacious recew. 2 
Me» Bed and study. Modern KM and 
Elaln. Caomtn Gum. Long M. £300 per 
week. 01 289 3262 . 

SHEEN. Cfase Richmond Part; Oates. 
Charming 4 bed we. 2 recaps, bain wtm 
snwr Sep wc. Pretty pdn Coe. Long lei. 
£360 pw Tel Ptpoa 788 7884 Warren. 

SWISS Cottage Abernarr Gdnk EMC S/C 
turn |L 2 bedrra. lounge cfc Gdn A 
pkurg Co tel £ 1 75 pw 63 * 7036 / 624 

037 0681 The number lo remember 
when seeking 7 km rental propentes in 
central and prune London areas 
£ 150 /£SJXKpw. , 

WS Charming Cottage newly oecoraied 3 , 
Beds. 2 MM. Dole Recep. Kitchen, ma- 
chines. Roof Terrace A p»uo. Co tei. 
C 375 PW 828 0040 IT) 

I W* Luxury mainonetlr lust rvfurbWied. 
rerM. 2 dble bedims. K L B. 
washer/dryer. turbo shower etc. £240 
pw. Tel: 937 3954 

BAKER STREET. Unfurn 2 bed town 
home All machines * garage. £f 75 pw 
Buchanans. 361 7767 . 1 

BATTERSEA PARK. 3 bed. 2 recep 
imrnar Oai Long let £150 pw. Buchan- . 
tots- 381 7767 . 

BLOOMSBURY 2 bedroom, k + b. strong j 
roam, ornate garden Square, lenrus 1 
etc. £160 pw TH-B 37 1992 pm. 

BRENTFORD MARINA. Spacious lop ffr 
apniiffi 3 beds. Manna views. £150 pw 
inr CH/CHW. Priory MO 4556 

CHELSEA, unfurn 3 bed 2 recep house 
All machines + roof terrace. £450 pw. 
Buchanans. 361 7767 . 

DOCKLANDS Flab and houses to Wl 
in roug haul toe Docklands net T«|-Ol- 
790 9660 

ECI. Fully lurmshed 2 bedim luxuryjlat 
wnn sun lerrace. CH- rtow to a» 

LI 50 pw. TPM 446 2025 

FULHAM. Top Itoor erf luxury house and 
Use ol res! me office lacthlles £150 pw. 
01 731 7734. 

FULHAM. Hedcr 3 bed 2 re cep hryw AJi 
machines * garden. £220 pw. Bucnan 
4 ns; 361 7767 

HAM. RICHMOND Alfracthe fully tom 3 

bed lownnse nr River, dbte anted recep. 
£ 1-15 pw. Priory 01-940 4565 
maMCATK NC Super refurbtshed 2 bed- ; 
room luxury DM. oarage available 
£145 PW. Ring. OI 340 7408 ! 

KENSINGTON WIO. Oulei (rieasanf dou- 
bte oedsiiier Suit couple or one. £60 
pw. 960 1222 . 

don from £325 pw Plus VAT Htog 
Town House Apartments 373 3433 
MAYFAIR Wl Lux torn maisonette 3 
beds. 1 rec. new K 3 B. new peer 6 
carpets. £ 32 Spw. Tel. 0542 712617 
Art Large fully torntshed Victorian 

bouse. 5 beds. 3 receptions, luxury 
kitchen. £200 pw. TPM 01-446 2025 
SWS. 2 bedrms, rec. UI. bathmv Newly 
arc Lift, porterage. £250 pw. Co lei 947 
7261 1 T 1 

SWS. Ground itoor studio Dal. Kucnen- 
eile. ha in room. Ufl. porterage. Co lef 
£150 BW 947 7261 ITL 
HI Top quality iunu&neq offlcc/flal. new 
coniersHUi in evrrtleni tocauon £185 
pw. TH: Ol 937-3964 
WIMBLEDON AREA. Good seircaon 
houses/ nots. No fee to lenams. Tele- 
phone Without h Son Ol 947 3130 . 

A WEST END Flat am) Houses Ltsl 10 For 
Sale/ Let Davri WoMIe. Ol 402 7381 . 

CHELSEA ABracnse 1 Dbte Bed. Recep. 
k&B £! 20 pw 828 0040 07 . 

Col T \ . 24 nr Sw. Telex. COiunghom 
APanmenls 01 573 6306. 

situations wanted 

LfrlUUD, personable, expe rie nced man 
M 42 . navmg man a ge d ana minavo w 
o«vo bubimb for 10 years now iecks 
new cnanenges and new horizons, pret- 
eroom 10 nrtp manage and mind 
somronr me's business. Would be a 
good consoenltous and rihaeni person- 
al asiaiant. would prefer 10 work lor 
tom-one won inerary or aramc inior- 
esi. bui anything constoertd TU < 0892 > 

E C ON OM I CA graduate 27 with iniuauve 
ueu 10 pr o gre s s oevend orudgery and 

rnum c-naltengina non rouUne mb 
with career prospects. Reply 10 BOX 

PR ASSISTANT avail to maintain mgh CO 
profile, conferences/ lunrnons. eves, 
w/rnds. Tel. 01686 6630 . 

CMALUMOMa Pom as mUg/PR rep for 
L K CO toupbi by Mnmri Enp lady . 
wun varied ntospi ns now Working I 
New Ortrans. AteU tor LIU Hi Dec. 
Phone Ot Ml 0461 level 

PROFIT) 23 yr old ivry able, presentable, 
puolir school educated man looking lor 
Opportunity lo make prom for rtgnt cm- 
Mcyn and hunoelf Furtnsr details Tel 
Ol 731 1944 after 6 pm 

**CNETAHT/PPt. seeks Pari ume work. 
Days/ nours. by nrron peuteni. Reply to 


■* * huge DfsoObhrrs*ir 

* * 1ST CLASS** 


* svSNIr 

* PERIh 

* Krai^r 



« (U 

* BUS W» 

* WJfePURt 
e StivA: 


* lUW* 

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* l SAtti-tS 

O CfcRlSB£er; 


OtRBM 6 


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wutwrras * 
MUM * 


YOUkC tnef required. Osnepe leaver wtm 
CKy 6 Guilds, lor exclunp oopoctunny in 
west End Theatre, enuiusfastfc A smart 
appearance. Salary negotiable- Apply to 

Writing lo H Derby, palace Theatre. 
Stoaftesbury Ave. Wi. 

CKPFBH'NBJD Ho us ekeepers required 
lor evrvileni wauam tn Londan/Home 
641 1384 

CORDON BLEU Cnok to worK In 
Champerv. Sw airs (or winter sea- 
son 10 run cnokinq service. Tel Ol 736 

new Lari Malaysian Restaurant openunq 
u»o to North London. Contact Mi. Lam 
on. 01 241-6011 

oners rr/holps. drum, all hvr-in staff. 
I if 4 Oserseia* 4 u Bair Apenls Ud. 87 
Pegenl SI Londdh W I 01 439 6639 

COALCT ends reautead (or winter sea- 
son muu be auaiiftea cooks. Over 20 
years ai age. T *i 0342 ztets or ws 

CHALET BBU needed for winter 86 / 87 . 
Cmwt ea emnnte. SUWMtr 01-370 

CORDON-BLED. Cook immeOlalriy at all 
able, mr dinners lunrhrs am) builel 
parties/ no ogniU TiH 01 627 1892 

**- SWfa AMSBEf ** 

<p Hit x USX * USA *USA * 


(Esi'd IW9) 

J 9 Smnli St Epmra . Surrey 
(QJ727| rsJk.liS V)C7iO 9/ 


R Mu Tn Return 

J 0 8 URG/HAR ?465 DOUALA C 420 







1 ( 2/168 (teotn: SL Wl 
TEL 01-137 8253 / 6 / 7/5 
Late- 3 Giouo Bqouics weiccene 

COST CUTTERS ON (ltohU/haK to Eu- 
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STD 'MEL £635 Penn £565 All major 
earners lo Ain/NZ. 01-584 737 1 

CHEAP FLIGHTS Worldwide. Haymarius 
01 930 1366 . 

DtSCOUirr FARES Worldwide. 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 


wide. TH L».T C 107531 8 S 703 S. 

FLWHTBOOHERS Dbcpuni Fare* world, 
wide, tsi/cconomy 01387 9 100 

MALAGA. CANARIES. 01 441 1111 
TravMwtse. Abu Atot. 

734 5307 . ABTA/Atol. 

S. AFRICA From £ 465 . 01-584 7371 


Never knowingly under sold, we beat I 
any (are. on any clam, any where In me 1 
world oricounts on hdrri. Credit caeda 1 
welcome. Member ABTA Try us. Tel . 
Ol 679 7776 . 

TAKE TUBE OFF to Pans. Amsterdam. | 
Brussels. Brugrt. Geneva. Berne. Lau- i 
sanne. Zurich. The Hague. Dublin. 
Bourn. Boulogne A Dieppe. Tune Off. 
So. Chester Oose. London SWIX 7 BQ. , 
01-235 BO 70 . 

£ 420 nn £ 764 . Auckland o/w £420 rm ! 
£ 775 . Jo'burg ofw £246 rtn £. 485 . Los 
Angeles o/w CI 7 B rtn E 34 a London 
Fllghl Lenlre 01-370 6332 . 

TRAVEL CENTRE specialising m First and 
Club Clam traiel woriwlde. Budget 
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Portugal wnn arrant. Tel OI 656 6546 . 
ABTA 73196 . 

XMAS wtnier. Summer. Algarve. Tener- 
ife. Greece. Turkey. Spi n . Egypt- Sri 
Lanka and many more hots/ (bahts 
Ventura: 061 S 34 5033 . ATOL 2034 . 

AMERICA tngnts wun Manchester denar- 
lutes & also South Afrtra A New 
Zealand Tei Tran el Centre Blackburn 
. 0254 . S 32 S 7 ABTA 73196 
BARCA 1 H Air Tares Caribbean. 
AuMrana&ia. LISA. Africa. Far East. In- 
dia. Ctobernesl. 01-737 0669 / 2162 . 

LATM AMERICA. Low rasi mgnts eg. 
Rm £465 Lima £495 rtn. AIM Small 
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£ 3 S 0 I JLA 01 747 3108 
LOW FARES TO America. Australia & 
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Travel 35 Whitehall London. SWi 
ABTA 34 B 5 X. 

Amenca. MW and Far Eaa. S Africa. 
Trays ale- 48 Margaret Street. WI. Ol 

560 2928 (VIM Accepted. 

MPPOMAIR Seal sab- in USA -Caribbean 
Far Eon- Australia. Call toe 
professional* ABTA lATA re excepted 
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NY.LA. NY .LA, NY .LA. Worldwide de«l 
nabans For toe cheapest Ians, try us 
is) Richmond Traiel. 1 Duke Street. 
Richmond Surrey. ABT A OI 940 4073 . 

TENERIFE. Inclusive air seat* 
Nov /Dec/ 4 am Not Xmas), day ttiTrtnp*. 
£109 ABTA/ATOU Viva Travel. Ol 
247 1982 

V ALEXANDER Chrrstmas availability- 
Caivnck/Las Palmas 18 Dec £227 Ma- 
laga 22 December. Cl 79 . Ol 723 6904 . 
Abia Atol Access /Visa. 

WINTER SIM Specials prices to Cyprus. 
Mai la Xtorocto. Greece. Malaga a Te- 
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Ol 734 2562 . 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga etc Dbnond 
Travel ATOL 1763 . 01-681 4641 . 

Honlum 66541 

BEST Fares. Brel Fllqhls Best holidays 
anywhere. Sky Traiel. Ol 834 7426 . 

EUROPE /WORLD WIDE Mwesl lores on 
charter /scheduled ms Plkrf Flwu Ol 
cvjl 0167 Agl Aid 1895 
FIRST .' CLUB Class ConcoTOe DisCdunird 
lares Dumas Traiel 01-488 9011 

HOLLAND. Efcrihr (1 nhls £35 O/W £55 
Rtn. Franuiurl from £69 Miracle -tel 
I Ol 379 1322 

S.noapori C 4 B 7 Olhel F£ ernes 01-584 
* 5 IJ ABTA 

i LOWEST Air Fares. Europe and world 
Wide 01 836 8622 Buckingham 


I LOWEST Air Fares. Scheduled Europe & 
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TEMEDK/Latoarow las Palmas Xmas 

Fl turns, aparimenls. 1 Was Bonanza 
Holidays - 0202 298844 OSL ATOL 231 
TUNISIA/ MOROCCO Book torouwi uie 
Norm All-tea Speciabsi. Samara Flying 
Services Tel Ol 2 o 2 27 * 4 . 

TUNISIA. Far veuir notufas where It* <uni 
summer Call for our teochurr now Tu- 
nisian Travel Bureau OI 373 4411 
ALL US CITIES. Lowest far es o n major 
seneduted earners. DJ S 84 7371 ABTA 

Tjv- unevi houses lor rental 73 SI 
James irf SWI. Ol 491 0602 . 

SANTA H)UI F ully I urn tlar overlooking 
Sea. srptt up to 4 £80 pw. Ol -769 8888 



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42-48 Earn Court Road 
London W8 6EJ 
Long-Haul 01-60.1 J5I5 
Europe/USA 01-937 3400 
is! /Business 01-938 3444 
Goveramcni Lieensed/BoodeiJ 


Snarid aeuor ua ouwanw on 
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103777) 42739 
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01-439 0102/0M39 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


Pam £69 N YORK £ 27 ! 

Frankfurt £60 LA/SF £ 55 ! 

Loser, £320 Miami £321 

Nairobi £325 Singapore £ 42 ( 

JQ'bing £460 Bangkok £331 

Cairo £205 Kaunamni £441 

Drl/Bom £335 Rangoon £33 

Hong Kong £510 CalrtDU £A2l 

Huge DBcgnnls Aval) on 111 & Club Class 


21 Swallow si. London Wl 
01 JJ 9 2100/437 0637 

new low fares 























TH fr-1 39 353) /SOOT 

AM TICKETS Specuotfs nfew York C229. 
LA/San Franoaco £329 

Sydney /Melbourne £ 769 . All daily th- 
ree! (lionte. Dinar 130 Jenny n 
Street OI 839 7)44 

SPAM. Portugal Cheapest fares. StogU-i. 
Ol 735 8191 . ABTA ATOL 

BIRDS-- Winter Otter tU booked witotn 
7 doyv M departure! Price lully incl. 
rtn Calwicx fligiu i every wed. 11 ami 
Iransfery. A/Tax. 7 mpm BAB tn twin 
room wnn mui/uhww and we. 14 
Olgiiu $ £ 219 . Single + £ 15 wk. NO 
HIDDEN EXTRAS Offer valid 6 Nov- 
as March. ISLAND SUN 01-222 7452 

FLORENCE cif« 4 Mar hotel. 14 and 
21 Nn 3 supra* ex LOW other 
date! and dcttutaiions avail. CJTYFAIR 
Ol 225 1545 



Staffed and veil catering enaiete In 

A R ABBA LimliroChrtsimasand New 

Tear avauamlitv ai imbeacabte prices. 
King re. lor a good deal' 

>022*1 350777 .24 Wit 
ATOL 3818 ABTA 1415 X 
Atcev./Vrsa/Amw welcome. 


Chain Party Spectate 

£50 off per person 

Moot Dates: Selected Retorts 
School Holiday Special* 

Children from £89 




Piano. Bar’B-Ouo * E? 1 ** 
Cawed Chains incl of Ills 
Christmas bargains ci« 

Scrumptious food, kjvdj chalets 4 
lernfir aunosphere - come hy yourxu 
>iib ■ few friends fill a dialed 

Ring 01-370 0999 ATOL 1820 

JUST FRANCE Super value seif caterin g 
ski nouiayi in uw nevi French resorts 
Ring (or new brochure now. 

Trt Ol 789 2592 . 

ABTA 692 56 Alot 1389 . 

SKI WEST - WEW 1 Special offers on 
nroutK RING FOR A DEAL! Ateo Other 
anunnalv low Dims swrtmg ai £ 39 . 
ask lor a copy of our pumper brochure 
■OH 785 9999 Abla o 92 S 6 Aid 1383 

POWDER COURSES available lor ab lev 
rt* M amlilt wiin Suns Mountain 
Guide. Cufminartna in 48 nn on Glaoer. 
Trt Ol C 23 CteOI 

LIFTS OPEN HI Courchevel on Nov SCOh. 
wny nsk low resorts? Early Specials: 
Dec 13 UI £ 139/319 2 wks. XMAS 
£ 247/337 2 wki. M/B by coach. Airadd 
£40 air Free wine & superb lood Le Ski 
0484 548996 

FREE. FREE. FREE Free Lilt Pas*e*. 
Free Insurance Freechixtreii f nonaays 
■ under l 6 > on many dales Hoi etc J. apis 
rrum Gal wtrk 4 . ManclH-rler irom C 1 19 
Ski Freedom Ol 741 4 «S 6 a 061 i1& 
0019 ATOL 432 

SMitzertanrl MOST excinno resort' Ca- 
i lered chains incl fliqnte & FREE 
Itoudav* lor lillinq a clulel. Lois ol fun 
lor si notes rouples A groups Ring 
SMWItBZ Ol 370 0999 AIM 1820 

CHRISTMAS in Courchevel Have a nm 
l packed u-adiuonal Alpine Christmas 
with ALL thr imtimiiKte 1 For only £ 199 

A (rec holidays (er groups. Ring Soi 
Bonne N« 9 e Ol 244 7333 

run al over 3.000 m. a 2 nd laroesl ski 
arra in Switzerland, no queues, ski 
guides Pnone Powder Bvrne toe only 
i 3 o lo offer rhatels/hdrts Ol 223 ObOl 

Meribel villars. Megesr Comfort, ser- 
v kv. great, skung Phone Ol 6>32 9766 

SKI WORLD Top ski Mesons. Lowest 
Prices irom £ 59 - ABTA Brochure Ol 
cOd 482 o 

SKI TOTAL- cnalel Parties, hole H. ants In 
France/ Austria Xmas van <09321 


cn-vurrS' commission 

Cnantv Trim Prooerty admuuvlerrvt oy 
Hit General Putpom-s Committee erf ton 
Meth>alisl Church 

The Charily Commtvsianers propose IU 
make a S* heme lor this Cnarilv Copies of 
the d i an Mtu-nie may be obiamed irom 
them reel 163741 -LOr ai SI Aloait's 
kfiM. 57-60 Haymarkri London SWIY 
40 X ODif..iHjn-> and suwsiium mav be 
senl 10 mem wtinm one monilt irom 


NO 006196 Ol 1986 

AC-T 1985- 

lion way on I hr 28ln October. l‘*B6 

nr eye filed lo Hrr Mateviy-y High Court ol 

-linin'.- tor .4' inr xanelioning m a wneim- 
t.i Arrano-mcnl and iu> I no conrirmanon 
61 lie n-durtton m Uw menial 01 the above. 
Named Company from £ to 
£1 1 -206.232 16 by cancelling Share In 
accordance wito toe Terms 01 the sjwi 
S rheme ol Arraitoemenl. The said 
Scheme of Arranoerirtii lurther proinles 
Uial toe amount ov whirn Ihe cupual 01 
toe wwl Cumoani- is pronoyrd lo be rr- 
durro t» iu i> a booed in pat'iito UP m tun 
lurther snares of toe said Company to a 
like am lain! 

toe said Petition is diedrt lo be hisird 
betore toe Honour .ible Mr Juslife Men vn 
Davies at Ihe poval Courts 01 JusIiCp. 
Strand. LonnriT wn on Monday toe L'ain 
day Ol November. 1986 
AN V Creditor ca Shareholder W Ihe said 
Comounv oewnng lo oppose I hemal, moot 
an UKter for inr conlirmalior. 01 toe said 
reduction erf rap.ial snouid appear kl ih*- 
Ume w heanng in person or by Counsel 
lor the purpose A copy 01 toe Hud Petition 
wilibe lurnisnen 10 jnv such person re- 
quiring inr same nv toe undrnnniu.ifi.-d 
Soimlorv on Mimenl Of toe rrgulaied 
rtviro- for the same 

Daiv-J me. i Sin ouiy or November I9 bu 
A llen A CrwrV 

9 OutipMde 
UHKton EC?V 6\D 

gjrfiliciiBf* lc»r »hf Company 


ACT 1985 

Nolirr r- nerebv qn en lhal toe creditors 
erf ih* ansi' e- named Company, whacn is 
uetn-i Falun lardy wound up. are required, 
or. or before IIH-il • 17today ol December. 

: 986. to vena in I heir lull Cnnftlian and 
surnames, iimr jUdressr*. and deseno- 
Hons, mb pamculaes of (heir dents or 
claims, and Ihe names .ind aodres-as ol 

1 tie. r Solicitors lit anv>, 10 Ihe undersigned 
SI into en Dama-i Swaden FCA 01 ¥■< Easl- 
bourne Terror I nr don W2 oLF . toe 
LHiuwjai .11 01 ihe said Company and. il so 
required ny non re in u-riunc irom me Saul 
Liquidator are. personallv or bv their sc- 
Itclior*. 10 come in and ornv e ifafir aews or 
claims ai such ume a no place as shall he 
snealted m such notice, or in deraull 
torrent incv will be eyriuded from uw* 
bend 11 01 any aisinbuuon made before 
such ortu» are protro 
DATED ihis Sin day ol November 1986 

OO 0 M 5 -T nr I °86 
to me Matter ol North Sea a General DU 
Invesimenls PLC 

In Ihe Mailer id The Companies Act 1985 
der 01 the High ClMirl ol Justice iCTwnorrv 
Div mom doled P7in Ortuoer 1986 con 

(irrmitQ Ihe reduction ot toe capital ot the 
dbo-i-namtsl Company from 

£30. 000.000 to £3.000.000 and Ihe 
Minute approved by the Court snowing 
wiih respect lo ine capital c4 Inr Company 
as altered me several particulars required 
ny the above menlioned AO were regis- 
tered by to* 1 Registrar of Companies on 
3rd November l«8o 

DATED Ihte 1 3TO day of November 1986 

Herbert Smnn 

Walling House 

35 Cannon Street 

Lonoon EC4M 6SD 

Sdlicilors lor toe above named Company 

Ng 005289 Ol 1986 

ACT 1986 

der 01 ihe High covin ol luslice iCnancery 
Divtsinni d.u«d IMh October I^Bo con- 
(irminq the reouuton oi tor srvire 
Bfrmium oceaunl ot ton abcue named 
Company by £2 M8 32B was regisirtxd 
to iru- Reqrurar ol Oompantn. on ato No- 
lentoer l Q W6 

Dated tori JIUi dAS N November 1986 
Tilmmv Soiner a Webb 
2 Senrams - inn 
London ECal ILT 

Solicitor- for the above named Commits 


creation ot Ihe aboi o- named Company, 
winch «s neuiq wound-up voluntarily, are 
rouutred on or betore lb* 4in day erf Fen 
r iiarv 1987 lo send liwir names, 
addresses and particulars 01 innr claim!- to 
toe unoeraqnrtl Mr A D kennutgnam ol 
Latham. Croritcv i Davis. SJai.ncw 
House. 1)0 Drun- Lane. London WC2B 
5ST me Liquidator 01 me company . or in 
Oeiaull tnefedl rhev wiH oe encluaed Irom 
thr benefit gt any disinbutton nuioc betore 
sum debts are proved. 

Dated tots 4to daj- of November 1 986 



Section 590 X 5®2 al toe Companies Art. 
1985 and winding up Rule 129. mat a 
MEETING of me creditor* of Uie above 
named Companv will or held at Ihe offices 
of LEONARD CL RTIS 6 CO . snouted al 
w^6LF onFndaj'Ihe lAinaaj 01 Novem- 
ber 1986 oi 12 00 o'clock midday (or me 
purpose-, pros ided (or in Sections 590 and 

Doled I he 3rd day of Novemoer 1986 
Jotni Lwutdaior 

hip. 002147 ol J9B6 

ACT 1986 

By Onler or Ine Hfan Court dated it 
July I486 Mr Roger Arthur Poworiil of 
Soiree and Peglcr and Partners. 1 12 Hwh 
Street Croydon CRO INO nas iVrtr ap- 
pet n icd Liquidator of toe ano» ' named 
company willtoul a Commillee of 

Paled into Nov ember l<tRo 

Section 588 01 ihe Companies Ail. ions, 
lhal a MEETING or uw creation ot me 
above named Company WUIPO new al Hie 
Offices 01 LEONARD CURTIS A CO.. «ilu- 
LONDON W2 0LF on F relay Ihe ilsl Joy 
01 November 1986 at 2 30 n'cloci in Ihe 
affernoon for me purposes prov ided 101 in 
Sections &89 and 5**0 

paled Ihe 51h dai erf November 1986 

By Order or me HICH COURT dated 24 
EC2V' 700 has. fteen auOtnKM Liquidator 
M toe above iiameo Company wiinoul a 
Commillee o l inspection 

Doled me- a day 01 November ‘.986 




Dm 20Ut/2iu December 

OukP Hraev Savoie FB dj SAk'E £8* 

Saiel Hotel CrtiM Blanches FB £2*9 SAVE C8« 

« «« SAVE £61 

cSJfui Grange FB £199 SAVE £t« 

Outei BArtVU FB £249 SAVE £U< 

SISICro apu SC £140 SAVE Ct* 

SaiTRSuch FB £199 SAVE £I« 

01 retina HUH. Sell Catertng £ Ovarev Panies In A7 of Europe's Ibn rewrla 
Manch Depi OI-7BB 2200 ABTA 16723 

OAM 78121 ATOL 1232 



&em detached character house. 3 
soanom bedrooms. Luxury 
bathroom /WC. Fully lilted kllcnen/ 
brraklaP room, range ol wild oak wan 
and base unite Zanusu ov en and gas. 
nob with extractor hood. Eteoanl 
lounge lealuMnq log -effect gas (ire. 
Diningroom. Cfoakroom. Large uudy 
GCH Mature rear qaroen. approx |Q 0 ' 
■ncl pauo. Pius from gardens Off sireei 
parking lor 2 ran. Recently refurbished 
and modernised Id a very ft/qtr 
standard. Convemnulv unialed in tore 
muH gouqiit after location. IvM oft Ihe 
market ntarr. dcrer la snoot and 
transport facilities. Freehold £ 167 . 000 . 
Tel: 01 455 3736 

BUUOA VALE Three beds . two receps . 
on# dining, iwo hAinroamv wruni 
FifM f law large. MrM Hoot nal. Sji\ 
(tTinoftam Goun. long kaw ua« OOO 
including lumwjrungi Foraukri *oir call 
Sam on Ol 9S5 9B91 or 935 7t»2 
■any Uny ■ 

HENMMBTXN* Forc-d salr • ouvel 1 bed 
oaronn floor rial in lu.iirv Ooorm.'.n 
budding ■ 2 bains, nrv siiriwn ami i .ir 
jwv I/S vear tease SJinli'i- » Ik". 
bovjqM nrw property- Cl 5a <«;»j T.-s 
Mu Dcrvaqltue Bn 352 £635 Horne 

390 0645 

HEAB V 1 LLABE Mriorin S’aivMi 
novae 5 ore beer, i iw n-reu* hr -tr 
kll. uarai.iiiw p/iayl mi 2 b.itn-.. C-Uv 
launorv rm rellor Newly dei-oralra re 
■Jininq Original leaiures. ihm rtuf 
inritosDPUI. BOH aroen. nM'iiue WC 
£I78.COu TeivJl T33 38^- 

UUUC DtSTtriCT. U.1IP 16lh (num-v 
house Beamy. slaircAse. oo>"i 
liret a Oeorrre. P tuiKrna. Minna rm. 
Odn rm i_gr kll/diniiri rm Central v it 
I age location Oin-rs £75..»j Tel 
Goslorto 4 aO Ask lor Mr Suuik-y. 

MCE comfort able nai. nr Bower market, 
suit (niir. avjil no. 2 manure £83 
pw e.r: |pt Ot B 89 yStoS 

MAIDA VALE . SI Johns WOOD detection 
M nan Aunts. Tdrahonc. oi 258 csss 

WANTED Menorra vuia O nee pool) v*v 
wren 10 men others to share on co-own - 
retotp base, wny nm png ine real erf 
yuur nonoais now? Many other advan- 
tages Reply to BOX A 03 

CaatiNBed oo page 39 


* ft* * n CTf 

' 77 /' 




in Queen’s 

Continued from page 1 

Teachers Act. 1965, replacing 
the Burnham machinery with 
a new system defining 
teachers' duties, pay and con- 
ditions. It is not clear whether 
the Secretary of Stare for 
Education. Mr Kenneth 
Baker, will graft onto this 
powers to impose a settlement 
in the current dispute. 

Other measures will 

9 A Consumer Protection Bill 
introducing the concept of 
product liability and allowing 
compensation for injuries 
without the complainant 
needing to prove negligence 
by the producer. 

9 A Coal Industry Bill 
recognizing the breakaway 
Union of Democratic 
Mineworfcers right to partici- 
pate in welfare organizations 
and pension schemes. 

• A Petroleum Bill to tackle 
the new problems of removing 
disused offchore oil and gas 

9 A banking Bill to complete 
measures to regulate and 
supervise financial institu- 
tions. following the Building 
Societies Act and Financial 
Services Act. 

9 Bills to authorize the build- 
ing of the Channel T unnei and 
another Dartford TunneL 

In her speech following the 
State Opening, Mrs Thatcher 
insisted that it was a full 
programme of legislation fora 
session. Public spending 
would continue to fall as a 
proportion of national in- 
come. borrowing would not be 
expanded and there were good 
prospects for growth, exports, 
investment, low inflation and 
a more promising outlook for 

During the year British 
Airways, the British Airports 
Authority and Rolls-Royce 
would follow British Gas into 
the private sector. 

Mrs Thatcher said that 
since the Conservatives had 
come to power there were 2.5 
million more home owners, 
building society accounts had 
increased from 31 million to 
52 million, 1.5 million people 
had gained a stake in their 
firms and share ownership 
had doubled. 

Labour, she charged, would 
reverse all that by taking 
Britain back, giving power 
back to trades union bosses, 
imposing penal taxation and 
putting people back on the 
payroll regardless of whether 
there was a job for them. 

But the Prime Minister 
reserved the most powerful 
section of her speech for on 
Labour's defence policies. 

African Queen sails home with a bang 

The African Queen under full steam yesterday towards her berth by Tower Bridge. (Photograph: John Roger}* Below, a scene from the well-loved film. 

The most famous steamboat 
in film history made an ig- 
aommioos retur n to her native 
country yesterday. The Af- 
rican Queen, the gritty rattle- 
bucket that was the unlikely 
vehicle for Humphrey Bogart 
ami Katharine Hepburn in the 
1951 film of that name, ran out 
of steam crossing the Thames 
and dislodged her rusty stack 
against a pontoon bridge at 
Tower Pier (Robin Young 

The Queen, believed to have 
been bxdlt in the north-east of 
England in 1919, was chosen 
for her film career because of 
her dose resemblance to the 
vessel described in the CS 
Forester novel on which the 
film was based. At the time 
she was a working ferryboat 
shottling goods across Lake 
Albert on the border of the 
Belgian Congo and Uganda for 

die British East African 

After the film-makers had 
finished with her, and Bogart 
had won his Oscar, the 3<Mbot 
boat simply went hack to 
tramp work. She was finally 
declared redundant and soM 
for £150 at auction by the 
railway company in 1968. 

Several changes of owner- 
ship later she has a rather 
inappropriate and evidently 
BEierpswerei boiler, orig- 
inally intended for agricritmal 
purposes on dry land, and 
rather more advanced drive 
machiner y than Bogart, as the 
tang-su ff ering riverboat cap- 
tain, Sara AUnntt, had to nurse 
in the film. Her steel bull is 
unchanged, and her tarpaulin 
awning still gets burnt with 
flying sparks and liberally 
spattered with mixed gunge 
whenever steam is raised. 

Her present owner, a retired 
American lawyer called James 
Hendricks, bought her to 
publicize his Holiday Inn at 
Key Largo, Florida (another 

redolent name for Bogart fans) 

and paid S65JKM for her four 
years ago. “She had not been 
in the water for ten years then, 
but I just amid not resist ha",” 
Mr Hendricks said yesterday. 

The Queen, supposedly 
blown to smithereens at the 
aid of the film when Allnutf $ 
home-made torpedoes finally 
chimed the German battle- 
ship Oat the redoubtable Hep- 
burn missionary character, 
Rose, had made her target, is 
to be the star attraction of next 
year's London Boat Show. 
Then she is likely to be oa view 
at the Kew Bridge steam 
museum, and may even get a 
restorative fit with a teal 
marine boiler. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits the new 
Swan Theatre of the Royal 
Shakespeare Company, Strat- 
ford-upon-Avon and perforins 
the opening ceremony. 3. JO: 
later she attends a performance, 
Swan Theatre, 7.35. 

The Duchess ofYork switches 

on the Christmas lights in 
Regent Street, 6. 

Princess Anne opens the new 
offices of the Chiltem District 
Council. Amersham, Bucking- 
hamshire, 2: and also opens a 
Day Care Centre and Short Stay 
Hostel for the handicapped, 
Seeleys House, BeaconsfiekL 
Buckinghamshire, 3.40; later 
she attends a reception in St 
James's Palace to mark the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,202 


. i Sequence broken by a King 
is an annoyance (7). 

5 BEack son of woeful epic (7). 

9 Dan Cupid's first embraced 
by thin light entertainer (3- 
6 ). • 

10 Overrun (5). 

11 Terrible arm Jack takes 
round to doctor (1-4). 

12 Tcnrified bridge player sur- 
rounded by a crowd (3-6). 

14 in time, you start giving his 
theses reconsideration (6,8). 

17 Duke’s protectors struck 
ten - Duke's upset ( 14). 

21 Girl, extremely elegant, 
about to stow away to 
American island (9). 

23 Standard, or two better? (5). 

24 Chap - an American lawyer 
— about to confess (5). 

25 imp Vs” emerged from ' 
tapestry on the shelf (9). 

26 One Red'S changed into 2 


27 The Spanish, for instance, 
have a book that's tasteful 


5 Save pressure (3). 

6 Day of victory in a scrap « 
not concealed (5). 

7 *ound the wife of Boaz? 
That's a lie! (7). 

8 Rather outspoken German 
( 8 ). 

13 Smashing a six. the Blue is 
capable of being run out 

15 Flag here, in difficulties 

16 Card used in identical trick 

IS Not mentioned in mundane 
fashion (7). 

19 Large cigar and excellent 
drink turn up (7). 

20 From the Cape, a nutritious 
fruit (6k 

22 Speak without qualification 

25 Carden in Plymouth (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,201 


1 One with nine lives, five 
tricks and forty winks (6). 

2 Vei both for and against cut- 
ting into monkey (7). 

3 Set an obstruction (4-5). 

4 Two spoons, side by side 






i s tirrer * i 






a a - an a a □ 
u Donna aDBoaaaa 


British Equine Veterinary 
Assoriaton, 6.30. 

Princess Margaret opens the 
exhibition Elizabeth n - Por- 
traits of Sixty Years, National 
Portrait Gallery, 6.35. 

The Duke of Gloucester at- 
tends the Institution of Struc- 
tural Engineers' Maitland 
lecture, Barbican Centre, 6.20. 

Princess Michael of Kent 
attends a lunch at the Caravan, 
Camping Holiday Show, Earls 
Court, 12-30. 

New exhibitions 

Quintessence of Landscape 
and Bronze Age Moor Paint- 
ings by Marie Walker Last and 
recent drawings and prints by 
Barry Herbert; Leeds Univer- 
sity; Mon to Fri 10 to 5 (ends 
Dec 12). 

The Forest work by seven 
international contemporary art- 
ists; Art Gallery, Civic Centre, 
Sonthamptoa; Tues to Fri 10 to 
5, Sat 10 to 4, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Dec 12). 


Concert by the Hallgate 
Chamber Orchestra, Haflgaie 
United Reformed Church Hall, 
HaUgau, Doncaster, 730. 

Concert by Weils Cathedral 
School Specialist Musicians; St 
George's, Brandon Hill, Bristol, 


Recital by Linda Verrier 
(flute) and Paul Slater (piano); 
Royal Exchange, Manchester, l. 

Concert by Bretton Hall 
Chamber Choir, Adel Church, 
Leeds. 7 30. 

Recital by Judith Carder 
(mezzo soprano); Sofflmll Li- 
brary Theatre, I. 

John Brown Jazz Orchestra, 
The College, K fpoo, 7 30. 

Concert bjr^ the Hail* Or- 

chestra; Free Trade Hail, Man- 
chester, 7 30. 

Concert by the London Oboe 
Trio; Museum and An Gallery, 
New Walk. Leicester, 12 45. 
Talks, lectures 
- Jacobson Lecture: Taking 
Colds to Newcastle, by Caroline 
Breese Hall, 5 30; and A 
Comet's Tale, by Heather 
Con per, 7.45; Curtis Audi- 
torium. School of Physics, New- 
castle University. 


Loo&hbostmgh Fair, Streets of 

Lines, today 


from 1 pm until Sat 1 1 pm.. 

Metro alert 

Austin Rover is writing to the 
owners of 600,000 three-door 
Metro cars asking them to fit a 
new petrol cap designed by the 
.company following tests carried 
out with the Department of 
Transport. It was found that fuel 
spillage, with the risk of fire, 
could occur if fuel caps were 
incorrectly fined or a cap not 
approved by Austin Rover was 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Continu- 
ation of debate on the Queen's 

Lords (3): Continuation of 
debate on the Queen's Speech, 

New books — paperback 

T7» Literary Editor's selection of interesting books pKjflshed this week: 

Carmen, An Opera in Foir Acts, by Anthony Burgess (HutcWnson, E5£5) 
Oknenstan of Mrades, by Robert Shecktey (Grafton, £2-50) 

The Bekterbecfee Tape®, by Alan Plater (Mathuen, ££50) 

The Blush, by Bcahetfi Taylor, introduction by Paii BaSey (Virago, £330) 
The Death or My Brevier Ahd, by Gregor von Rezzori.tranalatecl by 
Joachim Neuaroschel (Picador, £4.95) 

Woman Wanted, by Joanna McGtefland Qass (Pavarme, E235) 

Norfofc n the CMI War, by R.W. KMDteCremer (Gflddon Books. Norwich, 

Tha Man Who Metoek Ms WHO tar a Hat, by Oftrer Sacks (Picador. 83 JO) 
Tima and Tune Again, try Dan Jacobson (Fontana, £330) 

Tou May WeS AATa Memoir 1920-1940. by Naomi Mftdiison (Fontana, 
£3.50) PH 

The pound 

Bonk Bank 

Buys Sets 

Z2S 2.17 

Anuria Set) 21 JO 20.10 

BaltfimFr GUO 5930 

Canada S SUB 136 

Kr 11J6 1076 

747 637 

Fr li U 

On 3315 2445 

^ 24040 21200 

Hong Kong $ TMS IMS 

m*wiPi i.ii 1X5 

Italy Lira 2020X0 197030 

Japan Van 241.00 ZZ7 .de 

H a — i te rate OM 3X95 0215 

Norway Kr 11.15 TOST 

Portugal E»c 230X0 208.00 

South Africa Rd 3X0 3X0 

SfarinKi 199JS 1E3.75 

SwndmiKr 10X1 9J6 

SwtoBrtaodFr 2495 2355 

USAS 1X9 1X2 

YagoaMaDar 87000 710X0 

Robs tor smal damminatfan tank notes 

only as suppSed by Barclays Bank PLC. 

AMafl Price ImtaE 387X 

Undos Tha FT Index dosed down 06 at 



Births; St Augustine of Hippo, 

Nassau Prince of Orange, mili- 
tary leader. DiDenbuig, Ger- 
many, 1567; James Clerk 
Maxwefi. physicist, Edinburgh, 
1831; Robert Lads Stevenson. 
Edinburgh, 1 850. 

Deaths; William Etty, pain- 
ter, York, 1849; Gioacchino 
Rossini, Passy, France, 1868; 
Camille Pissarro, Paris, 1903; 
Francis Thompson, poet, Lon- 
don, 1907; Vittorio Da Sira, film 
director, Paris, 1974. 

State of emergency pro- 
claimed in Britian, 1973. 

Charity card shops 

Charity Christmas curds am 
now available from the follow- 
ing shops administered by the 
Charity Christmas Card Coun- 

Bishopsgate Institute, 230 
Bishopsgate, EC2 (Mon to Frt 
9-30 to 5.30); Congress House, 
23 Russdl St. London. WC1 
(Mon to Fri 9 to 5); II Grand 
Buildings, Northumberland 
Ave. London, WC2 (Mon to Sat 
10 to 6f, 107 Fench un:h St, 
London, EC3 (Mon to Fri 10 to 
6); Kiagsgace House, 66-74 Vic- 
toria St London, swi (Mon to 
Sal 10 to 6). 

A national telephone infor- 
mation service run by the 
Council gives locations of Char- 
ity Card Shops countrywide and 
is open Monday to Friday 9-JO 
to 5.30 on (01 >242 0346. 


London sad South-east: 
A4008: Serious congestion 
throughout the area due to 
construction work along Black- 
bird HilL Neasden. A28J: Avoid 
Bramley High Street, Surrey, as 
roadworks will cause serious 

The Midlands: Ml: Road- 
works between junction 27 and 
28 ( A608/MansfieJd ) with pos- 
sible rush hour delays. MS: 
Roadworks to the SW of Bir- 
mingham between junctions 4 
and 5 (Bromsgnjvc/Droitwich). 
M54: Lane closures between 
Kettley and Cluddley inter- 
changes, Shropshire. 

Wales and West M4r Contra- 
flow at junctions 16 and 17 
(Swudon/Cirencester). M5: 
Contraflow at jtmction 14 
(Thorn bury). M4/M32: Bristol 
interchange: various restric- 

The North: M63: Widening at 
Barton Bridge, Greater Man- 
chester; serious delays; avoid. 
M$3t Closed between junctions 
1 and 2 (Merseyside); alter- 
native route ' signposted. M& 
Major roadworks b etween junc- 
tions 17 and 18 (Sandbach / 
Middtewxch. Cheshire. 

Scotland: A9t Roadworks be- 
tween Brora and Helmsdale Rd, 

Sutherland; single line traffic 
oxary ft 

with tempoxary lights in use at 
all times. M80: Roadworks 
between junctions 9 and 5 
(BEnkhead/Purnhall), Central 
region. A94: Single line traffic 
with temporary lights at Scone 
Rd, Perthshire. 


.. . poroses - ikhm u pkw 

Mondap-Saturday record yonr datiy 
Portfolio land. 

-3SS85 iV"’"” 


mmjt prize as Instructed below. 

You must have year eon with you 
whjen you telephone. 

P y ou are uuaWe to itmoax 
tameone elu> on cbdrn on your behalf 
nnat hwj your earn ami can 
.inns Poruouo damn line 
uw sun mated a nSaT 
No refiporeJCUior can be.^icc^ed 

for Ealiure lo contact dt* claim 
tor any reason wltfun aw 
n oun . 



6 am to midnight 

strong; max iBl ^ 

veering SW and moderating a 
tar, max temp 13C(55R. 

SW Et^ind, wales. Lake 
Met, Me of Man, SW Scott 

gate force af fkst moderating tasar; 
max tempi 1C (52F). 

NE Stra n d, Oftnay, Shet la nd: 
Rather doudy, dry at first, show e r s 
later; wind southeasterly strong to 
a force, mode ra ting later in the 
; max temp 9C (48F). 
htdook tor tomorrow and Sot- 
uwtar Continuing rather warm wWi 
showers in most areas; winds 


7.15 am 4.15 pm 

axoan 344 pm 
FUi mcon: Novemtwr 16 

Ligh ting-up time 

London 445 pm to 6.46 am 
Briuot 444 pm to SJSSam 
E dha Matfi 4^38 pm to 7.16 am 
M anchns ta r 446 pm to 7.Q2 am 
Ponzanco 5.11 pm to 7J03am 


Tower Bridge 

Oar address 

Inflornucton. rar tnctastoe in The 
TUtiw Information service suouM-Im 

Scodand £24 "Pore 


Thuraaiiy. . 


A deep depressi(m in the 
Atlantic will more slowly 
E. Its assodated fronts 
will cross all areas from 
the west during the day. 

London, SE, E, central N, NE 

bo m merai, ounoae, Abonwen: 

Ctoudy but <*y at first, showers 

later; wind southerly, fresh or 

Central S, NW EngtenL 
tends, Channel tetends: 
cloudy with occastorxal showers I 
some stray intervals in the after- 

Ote - 
. Northern tretend: Rather 
. with rate at first, showers 
with some stray intervals later; 
wind southerly veering SW mod- 
erate or ftesh but strong to gale 
farce in exposed places stfast; max 
temp 12C &4F). 

Central Highlands. Moray Firth, 
Avgjfl, NW Scotland: Cloudy with 
rain, heavy at times at first, becom- 
ing br&iter with showers later wind 

TernporamiBS at mfctday yesterday; c. 
daua; f, Wr. r, rain; s. swl 
C F 

1 1050 

s 948 Jersey 
s 1254 London f 1254 
1 1254 HMmt f 948 
1 1050 MwcHtlv f 745 
f 1152 imsaway r1i52 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 12.13 pm. 

Frank Johnson at the Commons 

Tradition casts 
its ritual spell 

r-i 9 1^ ■ 


of the State 
of Partiamem seemr 
[ a good time to read a 

iscbicvous-sotniding book, 

now out in paperback, calkd 

The Invention of Tradition. 

This turned oat lobe a set or 

essays aiguisg in effec t 
most British traditions, such 
as these royal ceremonies, arc 
not hundreds of years ok!, but 
were invented - in historical 
xenns - only the other (toy. 
One of the book's editors a 
the Marxist, Professor Eac 
Hobsbawm. He often grts 
himself written op as an 
adviser to Mr Kuraodc, al- 
though that too m ay je a 
recent invention- He seeinsto 
ihiriir that European monaren- 
ies, including wrs, werr in- 
vented sometime between 
1870 and 1914, This themy is 
gr^ied to ours in a fine essay 
by tire less poHticafly-coratca- 
tjous figure of Mr David 
Cannadfine, a Cambridge dcm. 

He says that our royal 
ceremonial is now so good 
that that we have been able to 
persuade ourselves that it 
always has been. But as re- 
cently as 1861, the third 
Marquess of Salisbury - after 
watemog Victoria open Par- 
liament — wrote that it was 
not the sort of thing we were 
good at. Some “malignant 
spell" always “inserts some 
feature which makes them all 

It was only much later that 
we became good at it Mr 
Grenadine also points out 
that not all of it is particularly 
okL "Old ceremonies have 
pda pted and new rituals 
invented,” he says. He also 
quotes approvingly a biog- 
rapher of the late Richard 
Dnnpleby, who said that “that 
great man did more than any 
other individual to secure the 
position of the monarch in tite 
affections of the British 

has done since time im- 
-memoriaL or since about 

Not only ts the ceremony 
old, or young as the case may 
be; it is traditionally in- 
comprehensible, and long 
may fr remain so. “The Cap of 
Maintenance,’* said Mr Dim- 
bteby, "carried by Lord 
Be&ead. The Crown. The 
Sword of State. Symbols of 
authority, escorted by water- 
men. The monarch used to go 
by boat to Westminster, but 
now she does not do so 

because she lives at Bucking-1 *- 
.** In that case, wh>l® " 

hata Palace. . . 

.the watermen? Did their 

union rise intimidation to 
keep these manning levels? 
Wisely, Mr Dimbfeby did not 
go into die matter. 

We switched to the other 
rfmrmrf to check up on .the 
parvenu Sir Alistair Burnett 
“The great sapphire, said to be 
worn m a ring, by Edward the 
Confessor. . ” A likely tale! 
The upstart Sir Alistair was 
blatantly competing with the 
House of Dimbleby, which 
had ruled this country well 
since the'royal funeral of 1936. 

But th e " , while explaining the 
ome of the 

though the book is, 

we of the broad masses did not 
need dons to tefl us that. 
Those of ns of a certain age 
derive all our traditions from 
the late Mr Dimbleby. That is 
why. even those of os with 
access to Parliament always 
watch the State Opening on 
televirion. And so yesterday 
momingwe sat rapt before the 
ancient ceremony which goes 
bade to 1958, winch was when 
it was first televised. The 
familiar symbols were pa- 
raded Wore us: the Sword of 
State, the Cap of Mainte- 
nance, and above all, on the 
BBC the great Crown Head- 
phones — handed down by 
Dimbleby I to Ins eldest son, 
David, who conducted the 
Commentary of Stare as he 

background to some .. — 
regalia, he began to discuss the 
origins of the Cap of Mainte- 
nance, something every Dim- 
bfeby is brought up never to 
do. "The Cap of Maintenance 
is something else again,” he 
said, “and everybody takes 
their pick." 

We jnnuedcitely switched 
channels in protest It was 
under a Dimbleby that yes- 
terday we watched once more 
such rightly unexplained fig- 
ures as "the Duke of Norfolk, 
who is Earl Marshal of Eng- 
land and the Chief Bailer of 
England" in which latter 
capacity be may. for all we 
know, have to hand round the 
After Eights of State at grand 
functions in Dimbfeby House. 

There was also Lord 
Whitdaw, who has just been 
made chairman of the Cabinet 
committee on Aids and who 
was happily without the Great 
Condom of Stale -although ii 
Gotifd come to that in the end, 
since afl rituals are constantly 
bang invented, as that don 

But Mr Dimbleby. like all 
constitutional rulere, has lo 
take account of a certain 
amount of modem scepticism. 
At one stage, he allowed 
himself to muse: "As with afl 
this ceremonial, nobody quite 
knows. Did Edward the 
Confessor really wear that 
ring?”. Or does it date from 
Alistair the Commentator? : 
Smne of us don't wish to 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

m L 


► -.7 ?-.• ;irrTr-A-v - ^ 


... ran 


FT 30 Share 
1305.1 (-6.6) 

1654.5 (-6.4) 

32691 (34978) 

USM (Datastream) 
130.84 (+0.41) 


US Dollar 
1.4260 (-0.0125) 

W German mark 
2.8862 (-0.0404) 

Trade- weighted 
68.5 (-0.8) 

up stake 

Messrs Don and Roy 
Richardson, the Midlands 
property developers who are 
bidding for Burns Anderson, 
the diversified financial ser- 
vices group, took their eff- 
ective stake in Bums to about 
IS. 5 per cent after active 
buying in the market by their 
stockbrokers Ashworth Sons 
& Barratt 

Ashworth bought 1.35 mil- 
lion Burns shares - 6.3 per 
cent of the company — at the 
103.5p offer price for the 
Richardson twins to add to the 
1 2. 1 5 per cent already held by 
their private company Dudley 
and its quoted associate com- 
pany Regentcrest However. 
Mr Ivor Black, chairman of 
Bums, continued to advise 
shareholders to ignore the bid 
and the shares ended 2p 
higher at 106p. 

Quiet start for 
News Corp 

Shares of News Corpora- 
tion, the parent company of 
News International, owner of 
the The Times. The Sunday 
Times. The Sun and News of 
the Worid, made a quiet start 
in first-time dealings on the 
London stock market. 

They eventually closed at 
£15.60 after an introduction 
via the brokers, Cazenoveand 
Morgan Grenfell Securities. 
News Corp already has its 
shares quoted on the Sydney 
stock market and enjoys an 
ADR facility in New York. 

Portland up 

Great Portland Estates in- 
terim results for the half-year 
to September 30 show pretax 
net revenue of £10.4 ntiflion, 
an increase of£1.65 million on 
Lhe same period last year. The 
interim dividend is 2.5p a 
share. Earnings per share are 
4.5p compared with 3.8p. 
Rents receivable rose from 
£10.29 million to £12.84 

Tempos, page 26 

Insurers upset 

Commercial Union Assur- 
ance reported a disappointing 
third-quarter taxable profit of 
£31.1 million, bringing its 
nine-month total to £722 
million. General Accident’s 
profits also were lower than 
expected. It made £38.9 mil- 
lion in its third quarter, taking 
its iota! for nine months to 
£S9.4 million. 

Tempos, page 26 

Ultramar drop 

Third quarter pretax profit 
at Ultramar slumped from 
£67. S million to £17.9 million 
for the three months to 
September 30. For the nine 
months to September, pretax 
profit fell from £220 million to 
£87.4 million. 

Tempos, page 26 

Wall Street 24 
Caamen; 25 
Siock Market 25 
Ts.-npcs 26 

Co Ness 27,28 
Money Mrkts 28 

Foreign Exch 28 
Traded Opts 28 
Lsil Traste 34 
Commodities 30 

USM Prices 38 
Share Prices 31 

after AE share 
through US 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Mr Geoffrey Collier was 
forced to resign from Morgan 
Grenfell for using outside 
brokers to buy shares in the 
AE engineering group just 
before AE announced an 
agreed takeover by Mr Robert 

All Morgan Grenfell em- 
ployees are required to chan- 
nel any share transaction 
through the company, rather 
than using outside brokers for 

Morgan Grenfell were act- 
ing as financial advisers for 
Mr Maxwell's Hollis group in 
seeking to take over AE and 
had been fully involved in the 

Mr Collier’s purchases of 
AE shares were made by a 
company which he owned 
acting through the Los Ange- 
les office of Scrimgeour 
Vickers, the market-maker 
and securities broker. Their 
London office passed infor- 
mation about Mr Collier to 
Morgan Grenfell. 

Mr Collier worked in Mor- 
in Grenfell Securities. Under 
ity rules, all institutions are 
required to make sure that 
information about clients who 

use the corporate finance ac- 
tivities docs not leak to securi- 
ties departments. 

Firms are required to have 
“Chinese walls” which should 
prevent someone in Mr 
Collier’s position discovering 
that Morgan Grenfell was 
involved in any bid activity. 

Mr Collier was forced to 
resign for breaching Morgan 
Grenfell’s own house rules on 
personal account dealing. It 
must be emphasized that nei- 
ther Morgan Grenfell nor the 
Stock Exchange have made 
any allegations of improper 
use of information. 

he Stock Exchange yester- 
day refused to accept Mr 
Collier's resignation as a 
member of the Exchange 
pending its investigation of 
the affair. This means that be 
remains under their 

A special committee of 
investigation has now been set 
up to review the matter and is 
expected to reach a conclusion 

It is believed that Mr Col- 
lier, through a company, put 
an order to buy AE shares 
through Scrimgeour Vickers' 

China Clays sets 
sights on Bryant 

By Cliff FeHham 

English China Gays last 
night said it was keen to make 
an agreed takeover bid for 
Bryant Holdings, the West 
Midlands housebuilder. 

if the deal goes through, the 
two businesses would be ca- 
pable of building about 3,000 
homes a year. 

Bryant, which has benefited 
from the buoyant housing 
market, has announced pretax 
profits up by nearly 16 per 
cent to £13.5 million. 

It followed this with a call 
on shareholders for £17 mil- 
lion more cash to help pay for 
its expansion plans. 

English China says it is 
considering making an offer 
on the basis of three of its own 
shares for every seven Bryant 

shares, valuing them at 138p. 

On the stock market, Bryant 
shares jumped 25p to 140p, 
pulling a value on the business 
of about £1 40 nuilion. English 
China Clays fell 16p to 324p. 

Bryant has been concentrat- 
ing on building middle to up- 
market homes in the West 
Midlands and more recently 
the South-east, with comple- 
tions running at about the 
2,000 mark. 

English China Clays, which 
takes in quarries and construe’ 
iion activities made abouT 
£2.5 million from house- 
building last year. 

It said last night that it had 
spoken to Bryant about the 
possibility of a merger and a 
meeting had been arranged. 

Full bid for Gestetner 
thought likely 

By Richard Lander 

Shares in Gestetner Hold- 
ings, the printing and stencil 
duplicator company, were sus- 
pended yesterday amid 
speculation that the large 
Gestetner family holding had 
been pledged to an outside 
party which planned to launch 
a foil bid for the group. 

The Gestetner family trusts, 
which hold just under 30 per 
cent of the company's equity, 
are understood to have ac- 
cepted an offer of about 220p 
for their holdings, 80p higher 
than the suspension price and 
more than double the price at 
the start of last week before the 
shares started to move ahead 

A general bid at 220p would 
value the company at around 
£137 million. 

There was no comment on 
the speculation from 
Gestetner beyond its suspen- 
sion statement issued at the 
start of trading which said that 
the board “has received an 
approach concerning the fu- 
ture management and control 
of Gestetner”. 

The group’s finance direc- 
tor, Mr David Harbut, said 
there should be another 

announcement within a mat- 
ter of days. 

A bid for Gestetner has been 
feasible only since the begin-, 
ning of last year when the 
company enfranchised its 
non-voting shares to reduce 
the family ’s voting rights from 
around 70 per cent 

However the firm is still 
very much family-orientated 
— Mr Jonathan Gestetner is 
the managing director and is 
co-chairman with his brother 

The enfranchisement move 
came after a painful period of 
rationalization after Gestetner 
plunged into a £3 million loss 

Many analysts feel that the 
company's fortunes are stiD 
tied too closely to the stencil 
duplicating process invented 
by David Gestetner. the 
company's founder, in the 
19th century, while other 
firms have joined the revolu- 
tion in information 

Pretax profits in the first 
half of 1986 feU from £6.23 
million to £5.12 million, 
partly because of start-up costs 
associated with a desk top 
publishing venture. 

office in Los Angeles. The Los 
Angeles office executed the 
buying order with the broker's 
London office but when 
Hollis' bid for AE was an- 
nounced Scrimgeour in 
London felt that they should 
investigate the transaction. 
AE shares rose 3 Op to 267p on 
the bid. 

The London office asked for 
the name of the client and 
were told. They recognized the 
client because Mr Collier had 
worked for Scrimgeour where 
he was a senior partner until 
he joined Morgan Grenfell 
Securities as a director, 18 
months ago. 

At that point Scrimgeour 
passed the information imme- 
diately to Morgan GrenfelL 

Morgan Grenfell became 
advisers to Hollis in the week 
beginning October 27. Mr 
Maxwell was not able to use 
Hill Samuel because they were 
already acting for AE. 

After intensive discussions 
over the following weekend, 
the agreed bid was announced 
at the beginning of trading on 
Monday, November 3. Nei- 
ther Morgan Grenfell nor 
Scrimgeour Vickers would 
comment yesterday after a 
request by the Stock Exchange 
that they should make no 
further public statements for 
the time being. 

Sources said that although 
Mr Collier had been using 
Scrimgeour as brokers to buy 
the AE shares, he had also 
been trying behind the scenes 
to recruit “a large number” of 
Scrimgeour's rales team to 
Morgan Grenfell 

Profits at 
Smiths up 
to £56.5m 

By Alexandra Jackson 

City optimism about 
Smiths Industries, the 
broadly-based industrial hold- 
ing company, was rewarded 
yesterday when the group 
reported a rise in pretax 
profits from £47.6 million to 
£56.5 million for the year to 
the beginning of August 

The shares have surged by 
about 20 per cent in the last 
few weeks in anticipation of 
good preliminary results. 

Turnover increased by 5 per 
cent to £401.2 million, while 
earnings per share were up 
from I2.9p to 16.4p. A final 
dividend of 3.75p was de- 
clared, making a total of 5.5p 
for the year. 

Mr Philip Ayton, engineer- 
ing analyst at Barclays de 
Zoere Wedd, has increased his 
1986-87 estimate from £65 
million to £67 million (earn- 
ings per share 19.5p). Taking 
into account the recent share 
price move, he is not rushing 
to buy the shares. However, he 
believes that “in the longer 
term. Smiths is a super busi- 
ness with strong forward earn- 
ings visibility.” 

Trading profits from aero- 
space and defence rose from 
£17.5 million to £23.5 million. 
The strong performance was 
underpinned by a useful 
contribution from the Harrier 
AV8B. Sales of Tornado are 
going well, while on the civil 
side, the programme at Boeing 
for 737-300 aircraft is an 
important source of business. 

Medical systems profits 
rose from £14.9 million to 
£17.5 million. While the 
division's profitability has 
been affected by lower margin 
acquisitions, the outlook is 

Robert Sc ho ley: attaching a commercial cachet to privatiza 
tion of the British Steel Corporation 

BSC soars to £68m 
half-year profit 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The British Steel Corpora- 
tion made a profit of £68 
million in the six months to 
tiie end of September bat 
privatization, announced re- 
cently by Mrs Thatcher, ap- 
pears unlikely before 1989 at 
the earliest 

The corporation, now 
among the most successful in 
Europe, is soon to appoint a 
merchant bank to advise on 
privatization and expects to 
prepare an initial strategy by 
next spring. 

But the climate for the sale 
of what until recently was one 
of the heaviest fiMiiphl mill- 
stones for the Government, is 
clouded by the continuing 
uncertainty over excess capac- 
ity among Europe's steel mills. 

Mr Robert Scholey, the 
BSC chairman, said yesterday 
that while privatization had a 
political cachet, the BSC 
management was attaching a 
commercial cachet to privat- 
ization because it was essential 
to the corporation's welfare. 

The corporation expects its 
profits to rise to £200 million 
by 1987-88 and in die same 
year to be free of Government- 
imposed external financing 
limits. The BSCs EFL for the 
coming year, set last week. Is 
£66 million. 

Eurofer, the cartel of Euro- 
pean steelmakers of which Mr 
Scholey is the president, has 
told the European Commis- 
sion that its members will 
dose almost 12 million tonnes 
of steel rolling capacity by 
1990 in a bid to defuse EEC 
attempts to lift production 

The Government has told 
the BSC to keep open all steel 
making capacity, including the 

threatened Ravenscraig works 
In Scotland, for a three-year 
period ending in 1988, al- 
though the corporation has 
told ministers that it could 
prosper with one less 

While the BSC is now set to 
make a profit of well over £100 
millio n this year, Mr Scholey 
said: “Against a flat, if not 
weakening, European market 
demand for steel, there is 
increasing pressure from low- 
priced imports from develop- 
ing Third World countries, 
often subsidized.” 

“The problem of low-prices 
imports most be tackled 
successfully if liberalization of 
the market is not to result in 
farther collapses in prices with 
the inevitable consequential 

The BSC is now producing 
steel at the rate of more than 6 
tonnes per man per year, a 
level of productivity that is one 
of the best in Europe, and the 
corporation dearly is keen not 
to see its lead eroded by a 
relax tion of production quotas. 

Mr Scholey said yesterday 
that the European industry 
made combined losses last 
year of DM2.75 billion (£948 
million) and the need was for 
lower costs and stable prices. 

The BSCs half-year profit 
is more than doable the figure 
for the same period of 1985 

While home steel deliveries 
for the six months were down 
from 3.9 million tonnes to 3 J 
million tonnes, largely as the 
result of imports, exports were 
np slightly to 1 Ji million 

Overseas sales now account 
for 40 per cent of the BSC 

Quotas defence, page 26 

Fall in sterling 
prompts fears 
of higher rates 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The pound fell sharply yes- 
terday, due to a weak dollar 
and political and economic 
uncertainties in Britain, rais- 
ing fears of an increase in base 

The pound feU 1.25 cents to 
SI. 4260 and four pfennigs to 
DM2.8873. The sterling index 
dropped from 69.3 to 68.5. 

Yesterday's falls represen- 
ted a sharp reversal of the 
pound’s recent firmer tone, 
reviving fears of higher base 
rates. In a television interview 
last Sunday, the Chancellor, 
Mr Nigel Lawson, promised to 
raise interest rates to protect 
sterling, although few people 
took him at his word. 

Money market interest rates 
rose by <4 points yesterday; the 
three-month interbank rate 
closing at I l 3 ia-l Pie percent. 
Government bonds lost up to 

The prospect of several 
months of political un- 
certainty before a General 
Election has started to unsettle 
the markets. 

Both the Prime Minister 
and Mr Lawson have been 
careful not to encourage hopes 
of an early election. 

The Chancellor has not 
demurred from the idea that 
he would prefer to hold on 
until 1988 before fighting an 
election, when the effects of 
higher public expenditure and 

any future tax cuts will be- 
come a little dearer. 

in addition, hopes of lower 
interest rates elsewhere have 
faded. The Federal Reserve 
Board in Washington has been 
in no hurry to follow last 
month's reduction in the Japa- 
nese discount rate. And in 
West Germany, money mar- 
ket interest rates have been 
edging higher. 

There is concern over the 
prospects for inflation in 
Britain, with figures due out 
tomorrow expected to show a 
small upturn in retail price 
inflation last month, com- 
pared with September's 3 per 
cent rate. 

The dollar weakened to- 
wards the DM2 level amid 
conflicting market expecta- 
tions about tomorrow’s retail 
sales data. 

The American currency fell 
from DM2.0345 to DM2.0240 
and from 162.15 to 160.65 
against the Japanese yen. 

Some dealers were expected 
even stronger American retail 
sales growth than the 4.5 per 
cent in September, boosted by 
healthy car sales, but others 
were looking for a sharp 

Dollar weakness is likely to 
pull the pound down against 
the European currencies once 

new chief 

By Our Banking 

Mr Tom Frost is to become 
the chief executive of National 
Westminster Bank when Mr 
Philip Wilkinson, the current 
chief executive, retires at the 
end of June next year. 

Mr Frost who is 53, joined 
the bank in 1 950 and has held 
several senior positions before 
becoming deputy group chief 
executive in February, 1985. 

He was chief executive offi- 
cer and vice-chairman of Na- 
tional Westminster Bank 
USA, the retail banking opera- 
tion. He was also general 
manager of NatWest's Busi- 
ness Development Division. 

He became a director of 
NatWest in 1984 and is also a 
director of International 
Westminster Bank. 

Maxwell stake 

Mr Robert Maxwell pub- 
lisher of the Daily Mirror, has 
bought a further 100.000 
McCorquodale shares at 3 1 Ip. 
This takes bis stake in the 
company to 21.6 per cent. 

Coffee in 

By Richard Lander 

Coffee prices continued 
downwards yesterday because 
of fears that discounts an- 
nounced by Brazil earlier in 
the week could start a price- 
cutting war with other produc- 
ers in Latin America. 

January futures on the 
London Commodity Ex- 
change fell £112 to £2.090 a 
tonne, the lowest since mid- 
August. to take the loss for the 
week so far to £235. 

A wave of selling from the 
industry and commodity 
funds early in the day, trig- 
gered by sharp falls in New 
York yesterday, brought out 
some buying but the rally 
faltered when the Americao 
market opened lower again. 

New York traders reported 
on Monday that the Braziian 
Coffee Institute had offered 
discounts of 15-20 US cents 

SE-Isro ‘yes’ 

Stock Exchange members 
have voted in favour of the 
constitutional changes nec- 
essary for a merger with Isro 
and the formation of an 
international stock exchange. 

£6m House of 
Holland sale 

Jetech, a video tape and 
leisure goods importer, quoted 
on the over-the-counter mar- 
ket, is buying House of Hol- 
land, the retail chain, for 
about £6 million. 

House of Holland went into 
receivership this year. In July 
1 1 stores and the rights to the 
name were bought by 
Evensure, a company con- 
trolled by Mr David 
Bui strode, chairman of Marier 
Estates and Mr Ken Bishop, 
formerly of Debenhams. 

lfincoip, the Arab finan ce 
group, will have 25 per cent of 
Jetech and Sheikh Amin 
Dahlawi, I fin corp' s chairman, 
will join the board. 

Bolton House Investments, 
adviser to Jetech, will have 5 
per cent and House Property 




SjSL 1886.81 (-9.14)- 

‘iihkei Dow 17447.891+147.33) 

hSI IS?. 223S^(+^ i . 4 g 

Amsterdam: Gen 

Sydney: AO — 1 330.7 (-3-2) 

Commerzbank 19S4.8 (-21.3) 

SE5SL. - 


Blue Orete 651 p (+13p) 

Atlantic Comps. 209p(+24p) 

Vaux . . 41 7p (+12p) 

Unilever 207Op (+30p) 

Redfeam 232p(+2Bp) 

Winetemoor 80p (+12p) 

Htghqaffi & Job 2l0p (+20p) 

i iphook 320p (+24p) 

Carlton Comm. 92Qp (+105) 

AKed Irish Bank 340p (+14pi 

Cappitsl & Count 269p (+19p) 

PbiW-CAC — — 379.9 

53950 (-4.70) 

Lor.Cc n cfesteg prices Page 31 

Tataghur . 123p (+28p) 

War die Storeys 371p (+21 p) 


Royal Insurance 800p l-1Zp) 

MK Beet 400p(-10p) 



3-rcntJi iSstomh -T ViL, 
3 -monrn ehgi9t£ krlfs.10 r *x:-1Q v x 
buying rate 


F' Sate 7 Vi** 

3- a r?.or?nTiKwv5Ws558-5.38** 

Sfrvesr 9S?*“9o is 

General Accident 83 ip f-l3p) 

Consolidated Gold — 686pf-13p) 

SmaBbone — — 2i6p(-20p) 

Prices are as at 4pcn 


London Ffadns 

AM $40745 pnv$407.00 
dose $405-25-405,75 (£283.75- 

New Voile 

Comex $405^20-405.70* 


New Yoite 

F-tlls iSS&r 
?: pZ’iW i- SSsiflr 

?! Ven225.09 

Ic'CMwS lbB^.'332912 


Brent (Pea) prn$m.75 bW($14.8G) 

• Denotes latest tradteg price 

SIB near 
point of 

By Oar City Staff 

Britain's Financial Services 
Act mid its provisions for 
regulating the markets should 
be in force by late next year, 
Brian Hilton, Under-Secretary 
of the Department of Trade 
and Industry, said yesterday. 

The new Securities and 
Investments Board (SIB) 
should be able to take over 
regulatory powers from the 
DTI. as the Act envisages, in 
the first few months of next 

It was hoped that all af- 
fected clearing houses, ex- 
changes, self-regulating 
organizations and pro- 
fessional bodies will be ready 
to seek recognition from the 
SIB by next summer, he added 
Mr Hilton said that British 
authorities were negotiating 
with Japan about an arrange- 
ment on exchange of informa- 
tion similar to those 
concluded recently with the 

Gas shares interest 
32% of adults 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

The Government's hopes 
that half the families in 
Britain will be shareholders by 
the next election have been 
given a boost. 

A Gallup surrey of 1,031 
people, published yesterday, 
found that the British Gas 
flotation is attracting interest 
from 32 per cent of adults. 

Ten per cent of the sample 
said they will “definitely” buy 
pw shares in next month's £§ 
billion privatization. 13 per 
cent said they “probably will” 
and 9 pm- cent said they “may 
or may not" 

This is a sharp increase on 
the findings of a similar 
Gallup poll conducted two 
mouths ago. That survey, 
token before the forceful 
advertising campaign, found 
only 3 per cent of the sample to 
be definite buyers. 

However, more than 55 per 
cent of those questioned in the 
latest survey said they would 
not apply for shares. 

Previous estimates have 
suggested that up to 8 million 
applications may be received. 
N M Rothschild, financial ad- 
viser to the Government, today 
announces the findings of its 
surveys, including details of 
what sort of people are likely 
to buy shares and the number 
of applications. 

The Gallup survey con- 
firmed that the sale of the 
Trustee Savings Banks has 
increased the number of 
shareowners to 7 mil lion. But 
furore privatizations have yet 
to catch the public's imagina- 
tion. Only 2 per cent said they 
will buy British Airways 

The Government's record 
for bringing down inflation 
was not generally recognized, 
the survey found. Only 13 per 
cent thought the cost of firing 
had gone up by less than 5 per 
cent More than a third be- 
lieved it had increased by 
between 5 and 10 per cent. 

Presenting the Saints 
Savings Scheme, 

The Scottish American Investment 
Company, or Saints as were known to 
investors, has a scheme catering specially 
for private investors. 

Managed by Stewart Ivory and 
Company, the Saints Savings Scheme 
makes it easier for both existing share- 
holders and new investors to accumulate 
Saints shares. 

Thanks to the Scheme small 
shareholders can invest with 
less trouble and at lower 
cost, than if buying the same 
shares on the Stock Market 

The Scheme has three Amene., 

Company P.L.C. 



Regular Saving enables 
you to save regular amounts each month 
for investment in Saints shares 
(minimum amount £25 per month). 

Dividend Reinvestment lets Saints 
shareholders reinvest their dividends, or 
those of any other public company, in 
Saints shares. 

Occasional Savings and Gilts 
allow you to contribute lump sums for 

For the private investor Regular 
Saving is particu- 
larly attractive 

The Stock 
Market is volatile 

and you may be tempted to buy too many 
shares at the top of the market 

On the other hand, when the 
market is weak, you may be discouraged 
from investing at a time when the 
greatest gains are possible. 

Regular Saving will smooth out 
these extremes. 

As for Saints performance, last year 
our share price rose by 31%. (The FT- 
Actuaries All - Share index 

We increased our 
dividend by 17% and the 
ATTC Statistical Service 
placed us 6th out of 138 
other investment trusts in 
terms of share price performance during 
the year. Since 1945 our share price has 
risen by 7 3 times and our dividend by 
66 times. 

By investing in Saints you can 
have a stake in an international portfolio 
of shares which also includes smaller 
and unquoted companies. 

We also pay out quarterly divi- 
dends so that our investors can see the 
fruits of their investment more swiftly. 

♦ , IfyouHliketo 

find out more about 
us, please complete 
the coupon. 

Stewart Ivory & Company. Investment Manayert.45 Charlotte Square Edinbirreji EH2 4H\Y Td 0JI-226 3271 

j Pfcjsc send me detail; of Th* Same. Savi np, Scheme and JCrtpv*/! The Saints 1 3 Annual Rcpun. j 

1 I Name- I | 

ncncy I 

. fcx-l 
1 rose 
ih in 
; an 
f the 
am 71 
es is 

mil- , 

pen- 1 

•d to 





























. Piwwmie. 

il X 





No* Nov 
?! 10 




Ara Brands 
Am Can 
Am Express 
Am Hama 
Am Motors 

A mTete pO 
Ashland Oil 
Avon Prods 
Bank of NY 
Bern Steel 

Bg Warner 
Brat Myers 

Burt ton Ind 
Burton Ntn 

Can Pacific 



Central SW 


Chase Man 




C ons Eds 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming (3 
CPC Inti 
Curtiss Wrt 
OartS Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit &J 
Dow Cham 
Dresser tnd 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 

Eaton Cora 
Exxon Carp 
Fed Dpt Sts 



4 ?.« 





88 'i 










16 % 



















11 % 























































11 * 

51 K 


101 * 





86 % 











firestone 27% 
Fst CNcago 31* 
FstlntBncp 53 
FsfPennC 9* 
Ford 67 

FTWtedm 38% 
GAP Cora 41* 

GTE Corp 63 

g£^ £ 

Gen Soane 78* 
Genlnsi 18* 
Gen MAs 42% 

Ger Motors 72* 

GnPbUtny 24 
Genesco 3% 

Georgs pac 39* 

Gfflew 55% 

Goodrich 44* 

SK ?I5 

Grace 58* 
GtABSTac 22* 
Gr'hnd 32* 
GramanCor 26 
Gdi&wea 65% 
Heinz HJ. 43* 
Hercules 58* 
Hlm-Pkrd 41* 
Honeywell 74* 
ICfrira 26% 
tnoersofl 57* 
b^nd Steel 19% 
IBM 123* 

INCO 12* 

int Paper 73* 
tot Tel Tel 55% 
hiring Bank 48* 
JhnsnSJtm 70* 
Kaiser Alum 17* 
KtorMoSes 3£Hi 
KmbTyClrk 80% 
KMart — 









Lockh e ed 

Lucky Strs 30* 
Man femur 44* 
ManvfleCp 2K 
Mapco 57* 
Marine Mid 49* 
MrtManeta 40 
Masco 27* 
McDonalds 64 
McDomea 80* 
Mead £9 

Merck 107% 
MtostoMng 111% 
Mobaoa 39* 
Monsanto 78* 
Morgan J.P. 83% 
Motorola 37* 
NCR Corp 46* 
NLtodstrs 4* 
NatOtstirs 47* 
Nat Med Em 26% 
NaiSmcndt 10* 
NorfMrStfr 84% 
NWBancrp 38 
OccfcMPef 28% 

Ofin Cc 


T^lms^N , A , 

» c “ p 

• (•ih.aASttc&eavifflKRBttKMannc&Mfl » Menus* pStek spa. tToew 

PacGasB 24* 
Pan Am 5* 

Penney J.C. 85* 
Permzoti 77 
Papist* 28% 


















































2 * 









111 % 




















88 % 



B Prices turn 
lower in 




21 % 






Photos fiv 

PPG tnd 


PbSE&G 42* 
Raytheon 85% 
RynldsMsl 47* 
RocfnreftM 4£* 
Royal Dutch 90* 
Saxeways 61* 
Sara UK 89* 
SFESopac 34* 
ScM'berger 33% 
Scooftaper 66 
Seagram 63* 
Sears Rbcfc 43* 
Shell Trans 55% 
Singer 40% 
SrmwnSk 88% 
Sony 20* 

smeared as* 

S-WwnBefl 106* 
StdOUOhio 51* 

S*» j 36* 
am Comp 56* 
Tetedyoe 332* 
Tenneco 40 
Texaco 37 
Texas SCor 30* 
Texas Iret 117 
Texas Utas 34* 
Textron 86* 
TrartreCcr 43* 
TRW Inc 92* 
UAL tnc 57* 
UntoMrNV 222* 
UnGarUde 23% 

Ur Pac Cor 61* 
UK Brands 33% 
USGCorp 38* 
UMTecfm* 45* 
USX Corp 23* 
Unocal 26* 
jimWaasr 47* 
WrrwrUnW 58 
Weft: Fargo 108% 
WsatfweB 58* 
waysh’ser 38* 
Wfwtpool 73* 
Woohrorfti 44* 
Xerox Corp 56% 
Zenith 21* 








42 * 















20 * 


























56 % 





44 * 


21 * 


28% 28 
48* 43 
12* 13 
16% 16% 
13* 13* 
29 28* 

23 28 

24* 24* 
33* 33% 

47* 47* 
39% 38* 
29* 29% 
8854 68 

19* 19% 
28* 28% 
2-03 2.80 
13 12* 

30% 30% 

Alcn Alum 
Can Pacific 
Con Sathrst 

in I 


early trade 

New York (Agencies) - 
Wall street stocks, again tak- 
ing a ate from the bond 
market, turned tower in active 
early trading yesterday as 
bond prices eased from them 

ini tial highs. 

leaders said there was some 
concern about a rise in nl 
prices, putting pressure on 
brads, bat oil issues failed to 
ra prtaiTTp on that speculation 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average fell 1J3 to 1,894.12 at 
one stage when the transport 
average was down 1*50 to 
835.13 tboogh the utilities 
indicator edged op 04)6 to 

The broader Standard & 
Poor's 500-share index 
■dip ped 053 to 246.75 while 
the New York Stock Exchange 
com posite index was down 
0.14 to 142.00. 

Declining shares led 
aAnndog issaes by a six-te- 
ffre margin on vohmte of about 
44 million shares. 

• Ford Motor Company has 
announced plans to invest 
$171 million (£119 nriffira) in 
two Michigan plants for the 
maanfectare of newly designed 
alternators and starters. 

Alternators would be pro- 
duced at the RawsonvOle plant 
and starters at the YpsQanti 
plant, the company said. 

The new starters and alter- 
nators wiD be phased into 
present production. 

Ford said it planned to 
spend $77 million for the 
starter programme and $94 
million for the new generation 
alternator programme. 

Extensive nse woaH be 
made of compater'Cratrofled 
machinery and robotics, Ford 

Inflation is heading 
back above 10%, 
says City forecast 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Britain's inflation rate is 
heading back above 10 per 
cent according to a new City 
forecast The Chanceflor’s au- 
tumn statement, it is said, has 
added to the inflationary pres- 
sures in the economy. 

The forecast, from the 
stockbroker Williams de Broe, 
is based on a monetarist 
model of the economy. 

It predicts an average infla- 
tion rate of S.4 per cent next 
year, rising to above 10 per 
cent by late 1988. 

The forecast, while going 
further than the majority of 
City projections, is in line with 
the prevailing market view 
that Mis Thatcher would be 
unwise to detoy too lot 
before calling a 

Nigel Lawsom challenge to 
public spending daira 

“The more relaxed fiscal- 
stance announced in the au- 
tumn statement has exacer- 
bated existing inflationary 
pressures arising from past 
excess monetary growth,” said 

Mr David Smith, Wiliams de 
Broe’s economic adviser. 

“The Chancellor's claim 
that public spending financed 
through taxation is not infla- 
tionary, unlike spending - & 
nflfineri through borrowing, is 
wrong because it ignores the 
adverse supply effects of high 
taxation in reducing private 
output and the demand for 
financial asscli,” he added. 

The Williams de Broe mew 
is that the Lawson boom in 
the economy displays all the 
early symptoms of an exces 
supply of money and that it 
will be only a matter of time 
before inflation responds. - 

Sterling vulnerability is ex- 
pected to keep base raxes 
above 10 per cent for the 
remainder of this year and in 
1987, with the rate rising to an 
average of 12 per cent in 1988 
and 13 per cent in 1989. 

f 70m bid for Barton Dock 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

The Manchester Ship Canal 
Company, which is the subject 
of a protracted and hostile £37 
million bid from Highams, 
has received an offer of £70 
million for its Barton Dock 
estate, a valuable property for 
retail development. 

An unnamed British devel- 
oper has made the cash offer 
which would become payable 
once planning permission was 
granted and a development 

Mr Donald Redford, the 
chairman of MSCC, has writ- 
ten to shareholders, advising 
them that the Highams bid is 
wholly inadequate. 

Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank advising MSCC, 
would not be drawn cm the 
identity of the developer but 
said that the value of the offer 
was twice that bid by Highams 
and that MSCCs share price 
had remained above the 625p- 
a-share bid by Highams. 

Capital and Counties, the 
retail developer, was to have 
developed the Barton Dock 
rite with the MSCC and is 
believed to have offered about 
£60 million for it But that 
plan fell through* 

The Carroll Group, a pri- 
vate developer, has been buy- 
ing shares in MSCC and has a 
joint scheme already under 
way with the company on 
another part of its estate. 

break triple 

witching hour spell 

By Bichard Land» 

A solution to the wild i** 0 * 

fluctuations on Wrt Sttttfe * « 

which can arise at the ."triple Mr 

S£j£ zggSxSSSSt 



Melamed, chairman of foe 
executive committee of foe 
Chicago Mercantile Exchange 
(CME)- , , 

He said a committee ©j 
CME officials, futures and 
share traders and academics 

announced test V 0 ^ 

this link a joint “task force 
will examine ways to improve 
business flows between un- 
go and New i orit and 
rduee costs for traders. 

In spite of huge publicity 

dampening the movements in 

M m _ kAirr M 

^fawpening the movements 
share prices when arbitra- 
geurs, using sophisticated 
T rading models, tried to take 
advantage of foe coincidental 
expiry of-contracts on s tock 
indexes and individual shares 
Ay h quarter. One of the most 
important contracts is foe 
CME*s Standard & Poors 
500-share index 

Mr Melamed sakfc“I will 
predict that by the March 
triple witching hour we win 
have resolved the rules that 
cause it to an extent where we 
can anticipate it smoothing 

traders understood how to 
take advantage of connection 
between foe stock and futures 

-We want to get a means 
whereby a specialist on the 
floor of foe NYSE can go 
directly with his order to our 
floor. At the same time mem- 
bers of foe CME who trade 
SAP futures have yet to apply 
themselves as hedgers m foe 
arpini stocks." he said. 

CME, where many 

The ----- „ - 

orders are passed to floor 
can anticipate it smoomrag traders in paper form, wanted 
itself out and not cau sing foe todrawona system developed 

SSStSof-W itdoes 

presently,” delivering^ orders from clients 

He declined to elaborate on 

what form the rede changes 
may take, but said: *"1 think we 

can reach agreement to. foe 
satisfaction of foe Securities 
and Exchange Commission 
and the Commodities and 
Futures Trading Comm- 

Triple witching hour has 
attracted the dose attention of 
the US regulatory authorities. 
Last September, traders on the 
New York Stock Exchange 
(NYSE) were asked to declare 
market-dose orders in blue- 

to the dealing floor. 

A further advantage of the 
link would be that foe two 
markets would have a wider 
b pse from which to start new 
products. Mr Melamed said- 
improved contacts with New 
York would help the CME 
launch futures in four sub- 
sectors of the S&P index, 
while the NYSE could list 
more Japanese stocks when 
arbitrage opportunities 
opened up against the CMFs 
c — A Ntkkei Stock Average 

We encourage 

staff to take 
personal calls. 

P ARTNERS, associates 
and staff alike, axe all at your 
service at Jones Lang Wootton. 

Try calling us and you’ll see what we mean. 

One thing you’ll find is we waste no time 
in getting on first name terms. 

Not that we’re forward, you understand. 

It’s simply partofourplan to become the first 
name you think of in commercial property. 

If you’re interested in anything to do with 
offices, shops, or industrial and high-technology 
buildings, we can help. 

We’ve eighty-five partners and associates, and 
over five hundred staff in the UK alone. 

And we didn’t get big by saying no to small 
jobs. In the past year; for example, we’ve handled 
instructions on units ranging in size from 400 
to 3 million square feet 

Whatever you need, we’ve someone who can 
help. And to help guide you to the right person, 
left run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying and 
selling, and the funding of property development 
Our agency teams cover developing, letting 
and acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property^ worth. 

And in these days of ‘intelligent buildings’ 
you need highly intelligent advice on manage- 
ment, maintenance, and the improvement of 

£17m tag 
for office 

By Oiff Fdfowa 

Gordon Russell, a supplier 
of office ftnrmtnre, is comisg to 
the stock market, raised at 
I £173 million. 

There sre three separate 
companies within the base- 
ness, which has sera pretax 
profits grim bom £217,000 sa 
1982 to more than £1 ariUjoa 
tost year. The forecast for foe 
present year is £L7$ naffiem. 
The company started h 
172 by sellfag office feaifti e 
foe Girofler name. 
Later, it offered reception and 
boardroom f a ngt are with the 
^equation of foe Wiffianx 
Plankett business. 

This year, it bonght Gotdon 
Rassell Ftanaftare, from wind 
it takes its nanet 
A total of nriffira shares 
is bema placed throogh 
County Bank — 32 percent of 
foe company — at 19Qp a 
share. It wiH raise about £2.6 
ooiltioii, which wHI be used to 
redace borrowings taken mfr to 
finance foe latest aeqaisition. 

Geest set 
to float 

By Lawrence lever 

Geest, foe fruit and veg- 
etable company and the larg- 
est importer of bananas in 
Britten, is coming to foe 
market via an offer for sale 
valeting foe company at £8 1 .8 

The offer of 25.6 million 
Geest shares at £1.25 each 
represents just over 39 per 
cent of the company. The 
directors and other parties arc 
selling shares worth £22 

Hie company itself is rais- 
ing £10 mimon gross from foe 
offer, which alter expenses of 
£2.1 million works oat at £7.9 

Profits before tax in its last 
complete financial year were 
£6.6 raillioii on a turnover of 
£366.6 miffion. In the six 
months to June 28 this year it 
made pretax profits of £5.4 

U is forecasting foil-year 
profits before tax of not less 
than £8 million. 



Ericsson back to profit 
in third quarter 

What’s more our 
databank is one of the 
largest sources of com- 
mercial property informa- 
tion; which is one reason 
we act as consultants to so 
many clients. 

And we’re just as at home 

In other Jones Lang Wootton firms 
overseas there are a further 125 partners 
and 1,200 staffs in 35 offices, in 14 countries 
on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or 
small, the number to ring is 01-493 6040: 

We’d be very pleased to hearfrom you. There’s 
nothing we like more than personal calls. 

Ericsson (Tetefonaktiebo- 
laget LM), foe Swedish elec- 
trical engineering company, 
has returned to an operating 
profit in the third quarter of 
1986 and cut its losses after 
allowing for financial income 
and expenses. 

The company reported an 
operating income of Skrl84 
million (£18 million) against a 
Skr58 million loss a year 
earlier, despite a slight fell in 
net sales from Skr6,626 mil- 
lion to Skr6,547 million. The 
loss after expenses was Skrl33 
milli on againstSkr223 million 
in foe third quarter of 1985. 

The fust nine months of 
1986 have sera an increase in 
operating income to Skri,031 

million from S3cr],004 million 
a year earlier. 

Ericsson said foe gradual 
improvement in operating re- 
sults during foe second and 
third quarters was expected to 

The improvement in results 
for the third quarter - tra- 
ditionally a weak period — 
indicates that the programme 
of concentration aitd rationa- 
lization measures is gradually 
taking effect. The largest 
improvement was in informa- 
tion systems business. 

Income in foe fourth quar- 
ter of this year is expected to 
be somewhat higher than in 
foe same period of 1985. 




Manufacturers of WylexElectricai Products 

fatbe year ended 30th Me 1986 


The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Surveyors. International Real Estate Consultants. 22 Hanover Square, London W1A 2BN. Telephone: 01-493 6040 

Kent House, Telegraph Street Moorgate, London EC2R 7JL. Telephone: 01-638 6040. 

| Turnover 

Profitoo onUnay activitie s before taxation 
Tax on profit on ordinary activities 
Pfofiton ortgnary activities aftertftxafion . ' 
Profit fonhefinandalyser 

1986 1985 

£000 £000 

29.038 2&213 

5344 A93G 

£124 . 2.039 
3.220 2£97 




2897 . 

Ihe company has increased iB turnover in excess c4 1 0* and in go ddng has 
maintained te market share of all its main products, showing a significant . 
incresafn profits. 

A final dMdandcflBp per share is being recommended giving a total of 
per share for the year. - 

TOL-WMex SOn. BhcL in Malaysia has shown a considerable increase m the' 
manufacture of Wytex products where the company has become the major 
producer of fte three companies involved. There « now a significant tariff 
the import of RCCffs to Malaysia and esthe company is the only manufacturer.. 
Bt this time, it is- in a very strong position tb increase as influence in ihemarkei- • 
ptace. Our related company in Austral^ Cfipsat Switchgear Pty. .limited IS 
continuing to increase its share of the Australian market and should continue . 
to do so in the future.' ' " ' . , ‘ 

Earfer this year the compeny acrK*!^ a minontyintarast in C^jstead Contra^ 
Limited, a company involved in the design and manufacture of electrical - 
control equipment This, you will understand, is in an associated field and 
hope wHI lead to a devefopmamsuttable to the group's advancement 
The directors are roGommendtag that a aow isstle of one newordinarv sta*® 

tf 25p created te fatty paid to fired* for each e^ng QR&nwy store in the 

company. Appropriate resolutions vrifl to proposed A the annual a**™ 
meeting to be held on 12th NowmberigaB. 

" ••-G.R.C.McOo^' 

’ • • - ■- ' - - pjubman. 

. • >. 








Now for the second miracle 




♦ a 

- r&l'Jp' 
. . . *■ 



an auction system for gilts 

By Rodney Lord Economics Editor 

. At an early meeting to 
prospective trading arrange- 
ments in the new mh p?W 
. market, Mr Eddie George, a 
Bank of England executive 
director, was asked whether 
j the Bank intended to switch 
L from traditional tap stocks to 
. an auction system at the same 
..time. He replied:**! think we 

■ will have one miracle at a 

The first miracle seems to 
have occasioned the Almighty great trouble. Trading dur- 

- ing the first two and a half 
^ weeks of the new market has 
.-passed off smoothly. Com- 
. pared with the sturm und 

- drang in the equity market the 
.gilt market has been as calm as 
• Lake Constance. 

At roughly £8 billion a 
. .week, turnover has been about 

- 20 per cent higher than in 
: comparable conditions un de r 

the old trading arrangements. 
. In addition there has been 
: about £10billion-£l I billion of 
trading a week between the 
: market-makers themselves 

■ through the inter-dealer bro- 
kers. So the overall level of 
liquidity in the market has 
been nearly three times what it 
was before. 

The bigger size of the mar- 
ket - plus of course com- 
petition between 27 maiket- 
. makers— has helped to reduce 
"the spread between buying 
_ and selling prices to between a 
' half and a quarter of what the 
. jobbers used to quote. 

The normal spread is now 

■ % 2 . Before it was usually Vi, 
while ?i6 or '/* was not unusual 
in the long-dated storks. 
“Choice" prices — when the 
trader can either buy or sell at 
the same price — can be found 

often, and clients can reckon 
to deal in bigger size without 
moving the price 

. Indirectly, the increase in 
liquidity is helping to bring 
down the cost ofninding to 
the taxpayer. Suggestions ihnt 
the tap would not have sold 
out last week at a premium 
under the old market system 
are not widely supported. 

But a more liquid market 
makes gifts a more attractive 
instrument and if there are 
more buyers for a given 
amount of stock, the price will 
rise and the yield the Govern- 
ment is obliged to offer will 

Now for the next miracle. 
Having reduced the cost of 
funding, can the ma r ke t fi- 
nance the Government's defi- 
cit with more certainty and 
more regularity? That is the 
purpose of the Bank's pro- 
posals to experiment with an 
auction system for gdls as well 
as the traditional tenders and 

If the Government's deficit 
could be smoothly funded 
through the year without the 
present jerks and swerves then 
both the public sector ac- 
counts and the money supply 
would take on a prettier 

Certainty may not come 
cheap. The principle of an 
auction system is that the 
Government offers predict- 
able amounts of stock on 
advertised dates which are 
auctioned to the highest bid- 
ders. The market decides on 
the appr o pria te price and the 
Government has to accept 
what it is offered. 

The advantage of the tra- 

ditional tap system is dipt the 
Government is not commit- 
ted to selling stock at any 
particular moment It can sell 
at the most favourable prices 
when the market is rising and 
turn the tap off if the market 
falls. Selling at the moment 
which most suits the seller 
helps to minimize the COSt of 

There are advantages to 
both systems. Auctions offer 
control over the timing of 
funding operations. Taps offer 
more control over the price. 
The question is how large a 
premium & the Government 
likely to have to pay in 
practice for funding through 
auctions and how much is it 
worth paying. 

The Kink of England is 
bolding discussions with the 
Gilt Eag>ed Market Makers 
Association (Gemma) on pos- 
sible arrangements for the new 
system which will lead to a 
discussion paper in the next 
two or three months.. 

A firm decision on whether 
to go ahead will be taken only 
after the paper has been 

To start with the Govern- 

ment aims to do less than half 
its funding through auctions 
leaving the rest to be funded in 
the traditional way. If the 
market is to be asked to bid at 
auction it needs a dear time- 
table and some certainty 
about the amount and type of 

Just as buyers of British 
Telecom wanted to be assured 
that tiie Government would 
not damp a whole lot more 
stock on the market within a 
certain period, so buyers of 
gilts will be more confident if 
they have information about 
what the Government is likely 
to set out on its stall in the 
near future. 

The most likely option is an 
Am eri can-style programme of 
four auctions a year. There is a 
case for confining the initial 
experiment to short-dated 
stocks where price volatility is 
less but a wider range of stocks 
would provide more experi- 
ence about the pitfalls and 
possibilities of auctions. 

Whether the decision goes 
in favour of shorts or a 
mixture the experiment will 
probably be confined to con- 
ventional stocks — “plain . 

vaniUa” — raiher ihan the 
more exotic fare of convert- 
ibles or index-linked. The 
appetite for these stocks may 
partly determine the propor- 
tion of funding initially chan- 
nelled through auctions. 

Two questions about gilt 
auctions have wider im- 

Will they lead to more 
volatile interest rates? The 
Government will be commit- 
ted to selling a certain amount 
of stock in a particular week. If 
unexpected bad news hits the 
market just ahead of the sale — 
say, oil prices suddenly fall — 
then gilt yields could have to 
rise very sharply’ to clear the 


Grand Met shares advance on 
talk of predatory buyers 


By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
brewing and hotel group, 
gained 7p to 448p in late 
trading on talk that Schroders, 
the merchant bank, may have 
built upa4.6 percent slake on 
behalf of a predatory 

Three million shares were 
traded through the stock mar- 
ket yesterday but Schroders is 
believed to have bought more 
than 40 million shares, at a 
cost of almost £180 million, 
during the past few weeks. , 

The company, which is 
valued at almost £4 billion, 
has been the subject of bid 
speculation for some time 
now, with Mr Charles Knapp, 
the international financier, be- 
lieved to be sitting on a 2 per 
cent stake. 

Elsewhere share prices ran 
out of steam after a firm start, 
ahead of today's 175 money 
supply figures. The FT 30- 
share index dosed down 6.6 at 
1,305.1, while the broader- 
based FT-SE 100 index was 
down 6.4 at 1654.5. 

Among leaders, ICJ gained 
4p to I068p on sterling's 


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun JuJ Aug Sep Oct Nov 

• The rerating at Rafters, 
the jeweller, continues apace. 
Tomorrow Heinwort Ben- 
son, the broker, will ac- 
company Mr Gerald 
Ratner, the chairman, to 
Edinburgh to meet some iff 
the powerful Scottish fond 
managers. He may have 
some good news for them. The 
shares finned 15pto 
24Z5p - tody 25p short of 
their peak. 

weakness aginst the mark. The 
weaker pound took up to £1 

Third-quarter figures from 
Commercial Union and Gen- 
eral Accident, which were 
both below market expecta- 
tions, had a further damp- 
ening effect on the market. CU 
shares dropped 12p to 270p 
and General Accident I5p to 

Among the market new- 
comers, Lloyds Chemist went 

to a 20p premium, trading at 
125p, and Brake Brothers 
dosed at 153p, a 2Sp 
pr emiu m. 

TSB finned 1 Yip to 80%p in 
late trade as investors started 
buying on a new-time basis for 
the next week’s account Trad- 
ing for cash settlement fin- 
ished yesterday but the 
sudden rush of institutional 
buyers, which some market 
men had predicted because 
they can now deal in a 
traditional two-week account 
period, faded to materialize. 

One leading sector analyst 
was sceptical. He said: “I don't 
know why people would want 
to trade in and out of this 
stock on a short-term basis. 
The stock is already very 
highly rated and, if anything, 
is drifting lower.” 

TSB is on a p/e of 10, 
compared with National 
Westminster on 5.5 and 
Barclays on 6.4. 

The rest of the banking 
sector was equally doll with 
Barclays gaining a penny to 
478p while NalWest dipped 
5p to 509p. 

Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, showed signs of 
recovery from the Geoffrey 
Collier affair, jumping 7p to 

■ Hanson Trust, the indus- 
trial conglomerate, eased 3.5p 
to 210.5p, despite a volume of 
21 million shores. Enormous 
volumes of Hanson shares 
have been traded through the 
London market every day 
since the company got an 
ADR facility on November 3, 
but with tittle effect on the 

share price: Yesterday’s minor 
slide was caused by Mr Bob 
Havilfe, leading sector analyst 
at James Capd, the broker, 
who has trimmed his profit 
forecast for 1987 from £720 
million to £690 million. 

Mr Haville says: “Our fore- 
cast had been ahead of the 
field for some time and we 
have now reassessed it, bring- 
ing it more in line with the 
others. We think Hanson 
Trust is going through an 
extremely dynamic phase and 
we are still buyers of the stock 
for the medium term.” . 

At the same time Mr 
Haville has increased his fore- 
cast for the year to September 
1986 — due to be announced 
during the first- week of 
December — by £20 million to 
£470 million. 

Bentalls, the department 
store group, dipped Ip to I32p 
ahead of next week’s 
shareholders’ meeting to ap- 
prove plans for the £110 
million redevelopment of its 
valuable Kingston- tipon- 
Thames, Surrey, she with 
Norwich Union. 

. Bentalls' share price which has 
. run out of steam recently 
following the withdrawal of 
Capital & Counties, which 
wanted to make a bid, and the 
decision of a number of 
dissident .family members, 
who wanted to accept the 
offer, to sell their holdings. 
Capital & Counties has just 
been beaten by Norwich 
Union in the race for the 
redevelopment contract and 
probably had a good idea ol 
the value of the scheme. 

Mr Tom Wyatt, retail an- 
alyst with Kleinwort 
Grieveson, the broker, has 
been casting his slide rule over 
the deal and reckons that it 
could almost quadruple 
Bentalls' net asset value from 
58p to 200p a share. 

“The shares now look very 
interesting on a trading basis. 
Knocking out the propery 
interests at a conservative 
64p, the shares are currently 
on a prospective trading mul- 
tiple of just under 12,” says 
Mr Wyatt 

He is looking for a strong 
run-up to Christinas and is 
forecasting pretax profits 
nudging £4 million this year 

Under the present system 
the Bank would keep out of 
the market and do nothing to 
exaggerate any weakness in 
prices. With auctions, interest 
rates could become more vol- 
atile in the short run and 
funding costs coukl rise. 

The extent of the change can 
be exaggerated. The market 
knows that the authorities' 
aim is to fond the public sector 
borrowing requirement and it 
knows broadly whether sales 
are up to target. Even under 
the existing system bad news 
tends to have more impact on 
prices if the market knows the 
Government is already behind 
with its funding programme. 
Nevertheless some extra vol- 
atility is likely. 

The second question is 
whether an auction system 
will put more pressure on the 
Government to respond to 
market views on interest rates. 

Interest rate rises in recent 
years have been dictated more 
by pressure on sterling than 
the need to sell gilts but in the 
1970s when the PSBR was 
much higher as a proportion 
of the economy, funding 
requirements were an im- 
portant factor. 

The official view is that 
prices under the present 
arrangements are just as much 
determined by the market as 
they would be under an auc- 
tion system. The Bank follows 
the market, it does not at- 
tempt to control it Sales are 
made only when the market is 
rising. This may ad to smooth 
out interest rate trends but it 
does not alter them fund- 

On the other hand an 
auction system does impose a 
clear discipline on the Gov- 
ernment's funding operations. 

The scope for procrastina- 
tion — for hoping that some- 
thing will turn up — is much 
reduced. In the present con- 
ditions of uncertainty about 
the Government’s fiscal and 
monetary policy a clear disci- 
pline is well worth having. 


Ghost of Christmas 
past haunts sterling 

The Chancellor's chickens may have 
started coming home to roost. For the 
first time since the autumn statement, 
the pound fell sharply yesterday, 
invoking memories of winter sterling 
crises past. Mr Lawson’s resolve to 
raise interest rates to protect sterling, 
expressed in a television interview last 
weekend, may be tested sooner than 
he thought. 

Against the backdrop of an un- 
certain economic policy and during a 
lull in .major economic news, two 
factors have emerged to draw out the 
sellers of sterling. Yesterday the 
pound dropped from 69.3 to 68.5 on 
the trade weighted scale, pulling 
government bonds down by as much 
as a point. Indicative of steely views in 
the gtlt-edged market the tap stock. 
Treasury Convertible 10 per cent 
1991, fell below its partly paid (£40 
per cent) level to £39 z %2. It has been 
as high as £4 1 3 /a. 

Both Prime Minister and Chan- 
cellor have played down early election 
suggestions in recent days, to the 
concern of the markets. In assessing 
the Government's presentation of 
economic policy last week, reaffirmed 
in the Queen's Speech yesterday, the 
verdict was that the gamble might 
work — as long as the election is but a 
few months away. But the idea that 
Nigel Lawson in his new role of 
compassionate, open-handed unde 
might be on stage for another 18 
months makes the audience uncom- 
fortable. It is not a sight calculated to 
encourage the Japanese fund manager 
to try his luck in gilts. 

That is a little' hard on the 
Chancellor. After all he has pointed 
to the damage sterling would suffer if 
Labour were thought to be in with a 

real chance of becoming the next 
Government, and he is only doing his 
best through time-honoured elec- 
tioneering spending and talks of lower 
income tax to prevent that happening. 

The other main change since last 
week has been the recognition that 
help for the interest rate, which 
appeared to be on its way from 
abroad, was a mirage. The 
mark/sierling rate has now become 
the key one. Yesterday, the pound 
dropped four pfennigs, to below 2.90. 
Germany looks a better bet politically, 
with Chancellor Kohl in the driving 
seat for the January elections, and it 
has rarely looked anything other than 
a good bet economically. 

Now, to add spice, German interest 
rates are edging up- The Germans are 
funding: the Bundesrepublik 1 0-year 
issue expected today will be DM4 
billion with a coupon of 6'A or 6 3 a per 
cent and priced about par. They are 
also worried about excess monetary 
growth. This year will be the first since 
1978 that the central bank money 
stock has exceeded its target, and the 
Bundesbank will be announcing its 
1987 target around the end of the 

Monetary conditions in Germany 
are being tightened subtly. The 
Bundesbank is constrained from rais- 
ing the discount rate, presently 3.5 per 
cent, by the foreign exchange markets, 
but money market rates have been 
allowed to edge up. 

The pound is friendless at home — 
the latest currency review from Chase 
Manhattan Securities in London is 
headlined: “Sell sterling before next 
bout of decline.” The pound does not 
have many overseas supporters. It is 
going to be a difficult winter. 

The book of the play 

Behind the bland prose of the autumn 
statement published yesterday, but 
prefigured by the Chancellor last 
week, lies a story rich in human 
drama. Of overseas aid, for instance, 
the document boasts that it is “being 
maintained in real terms at its 1986- 
87 level throughout the three years”. 
This conceals a fierce battle to try to 
raise it to a level which would 
maintain it as a proportion of the 
economy. But on housing the Govern- 
ment has agreed to increase both the 
provision for local authority housing 
, and for the Housing Corporation. 
That was never the original intention. 

Material here for a good second line 
Jeffrey Archer but even in a year when 
the Government has surrendered 
comprehensively to the pressures for 
higher spending, there is a strong non- 

detail the various technical adjust- 
ments, as opposed to policy adjust- 
ments. which are made between one 
public expenditure White Paper and 
the next This is the burden of a new 
research paper by Andrew Likierman 
and Susan Bloomfield of the London 
Business School 

But most important of all we need 
to know more about what we are 
getting for our money. The Govern- 
ment has made some modest progress 
in recent years in providing more in 
the way of output measures in the 
White Paper. There is much more still 
to be done. The fruit of ministers’ 
deliberations on the allocation of 
public spending presented in the 
autumn statement reveals next to 
nothing about how far value for 

fiction argument for offering rather money considerations influenced the 
more of the reasoning behind the conclusions. As one of my old 
selected pattern of spending. It would mentors would say “We should be 
also be useful to know in rather more told”. 

• Shares of Conroy Petro- 
leum have been a strong mar- 
ket. Last week they stood 
at 270p, hot yesterday leapt 
40p to a new peak of 350p 
on talk of a big minerals 
discovery in Eire. Dealers 
in Dublin and London are try- 
ing to talk.the shares np to 
£18. Worth keeping a close 
eye on. 

It is the biggest project ever 
by N< 

undertaken by Norwich 
Union and will comprise a 
new Bentalls store and 100 
shops providing over 500,000 
sq ft of shopping space, a food 
court and parking fix 1200 

The deal will be of great 
benefit to Bentalls which has 
retained a significant invest- 
ment in the project and will 
occupy 200,000 sq ft of space 
rent-free for 130 years. It 
could also be good news for 

compared with £3.27 million 
last time. 

Over on the Unlisted 
Securities Market shares of 
Crown Television Prod ac- 
tions, maker of corporate and 
industrial videos, advanced 
7p to 80p after Mr Gordon 
Currie, chairman, announced 
that he had received an ap- 
proach from another company 
in tbe television/media in- 
dustry. Dealers have been 
looking for terms worth lOOp 
a share which would value 
Crown at £9.3 million. 


These prices are as at 6.45pm 


High Law Company 

BH Offer a» put 



PflE ‘ 000 ' MflO lam ftg g 

BM Offer Ch*p» 




363 283 
1?4 128 
483 Z78 
481 361 
S72 448 
840 680 
450 356 
726 526 
383 293 
289 170 
608 423 
709 530 






318 323 
160 164 


Blue C*ae 


Br Aerospace 
Br Pewtewn 






4 75 




335 838 









438 318 
650 408 
95J 701 
226 158 

177' j Br Telecom 

Cable & Wbeto» 
Caaoury Schweppes 1B4 
Com Union 288 

Cons Gokffiefcto 

Gen Aaadent 






495 500 
690 6S5 
198 202 
185 167 
27B 282 
300 307 

















375 SIB 
838 342 
667 570 

li<«756 r :&U0 
456 328 ©and*** 
„. : 721 GUSA 
8S4 720 

3 S 5 275 Gumnaw 
215'* 141 Hanson 
623 403 

Hawur sksfley 

18 .. 
915 923 
447 448 
768 772 
255 256 
343 345 
212 214 
420 424 




















. 3510 























1 6.1 










8.1 f 24 
208. 22 
105 Ofl 
308 '28 
425 55 

178 7.0 
103 00 
S7 27 
214 5.1 


























158 3800 
158 651 

223 123 

as 235 
138 2800 
198 21800 
03 1800 

II 1 * 734 

Knp Cham M 


























Land SeowMas 










Legal & Gen 














+1 . 

















Marta & Spencer 




















Ns was 










P 60 Ofrd 






























feed Beet 










RsckK Cotman 









- Reutara 




















Royal k» 







65 & 




Safnsbuy 18 
















17 1 




Sedgwick Gp 










Stan . 




















Sun ABancs 








81*4 79'* TSB P/P 



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thorn B8 

485 480 







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20 , i20 a a 








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29 - . _ 



EEC steel firms offer 10% 
cuts in defence of quotas 

VUW . . xhe EEC industry commis- seeking a mandaBfi™ 

_ .. :«««,. ctrv ministers de- The iL:.* Mar- hw states to wfioua 


" ' _ : , •. f' 

Brussels (Reuter) — Leading 
EEC Steel companies have 
offered to cut capacity ^by 
more than 10 per cent if they 
are allowed to keep a quota 
system which protects vulner- 
able producers, according "to 
steel industry sources. 

The offer, agreed at ameet- 
ing of the steelmakers (.lobby, 
Eurater. in Dusseldorf, west 
Gennanv. came with a de- 
mand (hat EEC . counts 
finance redundancies, which 
would result from foe cuts. 

The lobbv offer to cut 
capacity by 12 million tonnes 
bv 1990. came in response to 
EEC Commission proposals 
to scrap quotas that have 
protected the troubled in- 
dustry from both home and 
foreign competition. 

The EEC industry commis- 


ics. wants to reduce JJJ 
proportion of total outpu 

seeking a mandate from mem- 
ber states to negotiate an 
extension of import Unto 

with Bulgaria, Hungary, Fo- 
. _ _ j n fwhnslova- 

EEC industry ministers de- 
laved a decision on foe pro- 
posals until next Tuffldayto 0 f total output with BUigana, 

Sve the lobby, which repre- hv the auota system land, Romania, CzechiKlova 

£T,£«I t 0 soap th, Sweden. 

quotas by 1988. 

ternauves- . 

Eurofer says that mamtam- 
ina quotas would pr^sn 1 tne 
mike! being Hooded by for- 
eign steel and help maintain 

the balance of supplv jg? 
demand wrthm the EEG 
essential for the survival of 
many companies. 

Since 198p,prod»^o?^j 
las have shielded EEC stee* 
companies from competition, 
white they ^dert^k a 
restructuring which rauUfid 
in capacity cuts of 31 million 
tonnes and job losses of 

The Commission said lim- 
its on steel impGrtsfrom “ 

non-Community countries 

should be extended for 
other year because of EEC 
market conditions. 

It said that the restructuring 
of the ailing steel mdusiry wa£ 
making progress, but the pro- 
, L.J xnt vi>t been com- 

Export ceilings of these 
countries for next year should 
remain the same as those tor 
this year, the Commission 

But there was no need, it 
said, to renegotiate an accord 
with Australia since its steel 
exports to the EEC were low. 
South African steel exports 

.. . L...a hun Vanned 

nfcHBcSS been toned 

ssflSs-- ss® 

g reign compeuuon. • 

Redfearn profits jump 
as recovery continues 

By Alexandra Jackson 

Redfearn National Glass, 
manufacturer of “J 

plastic containers, 
reported an increase vn proto 
fol-foe year to the end of 
September from a restated 
£1.3 million to £16 million- ^ 
Turnover rose from »»■- 
million to £58.9 million, whde 
earnings per share rose fttim 

'’On to 38.2p. A tinal dividend 
of4.5p was declared, making a 
total of 6o for the year. 

Redfearn shares have out- 
performed the market by 
more than 100 percent in the 
last 12 months, reflecting the 

.i TI A ruM- r^nt 

Ivina recovery of the business. 

The most marked improve- 
ment came from 
which jumped from a loss ot 
£256.000 to a profit or 

£520,000. _ rt - 

Glass profits rose from f 1.5 
million to £1.8 million, helped 
by lower energy costs. The 
percentage of sales from soft- 
drink bottles has fallen from 
35 per cent to 25 percent But 
the percentage of food con- 
tainer business rose from 
per cent to 33 percent- 
Mr Arthur Church, the 
erouo's recently appointed 
last 12 monuts, tciicvuws JKr %Jeutive. » bullish 

S“d°WobBrieTl S 

EEC markets. ^te sl a'ga in st Pretoria's 

The Commission said it wa s apartheid system. 

Phit recommends only 
Wingate’s cash offer 

By Jodi&Hiinttey.Gwniercial Property Correspondent 

The Chase Corporation^ flrant toi»J^_ ^ MHnmpnt (HI 

LCP hits 
at Ward 


Mr David Rhead, chairroan 

of LCP. the property and 
accessories group, last m&m 
launched a fierce attack on 
Ward Write, which is making second qu« 
an unwanted £150 million qnarter .results from Comm- 
jalceover bid for the company- tJmon and General 

He claimed that Wati Accident disappomtrf- 

White was m danger of se- The pace ®f 1 P™5 l ^SSi v 
verely damaging" the busies ery slowed with GAwt^y 
they want most — LCFs registering lower pretatpro 
Whitlock car parts chain mite ils m the third fiufj* JJ 
US which contributes the bulk Qg 9 million against .a sec- 

of the profits. 0 nd quarter £45.5 

Mr Rhead, in his defence .The reasons were largely 

entirely different from the business from the highly 

Halfords operation run** ofinvoluntaiybusm^itvras 

Waid White m the United oblige ^ to write and GAs 
Kingdom. w continuing problemso 11 the 

“Whitlock is not a trans- British motor account- 
otianric Halfords. Ward White involuntary business - 
cannot identify any, ac- popular risks drat _« 
□uisitioD opportunities in the — = — rtot^nhhgfiin 

ttc market WDlCtl 


. U 

• M “ 

■ if.- 









New Zealand’s third 

company, P®®*®***^ -rvr 
document for Prope rty H om- 
ing & Investment Tret yes- 
terday. The agreed Bd*]* 0 ®* 
made by Wmgate Prope*? 
Investments, m which Chase 
has a 63.1 per cent stake. 

phit’s beard is only re- 
commending shareholders to 
take Wingate’s I65p a dwre 
cash offer and the offer of 8®p 

a share cash for tfaegrfET^ 

shares and convertible »»h 
stock. Phil’s estimated net 
asset value is I68p a share, ft 
is making no reco mmend ation 
for Wfogate’s one-for-two 

share offer. . , 

Both the Phit board and 
Ueinwort Benson, its mer- 

cnaiit Mw, «>* • — 

in a position to comment on 

W *^ef«l*Srt shareholders 
> i non endfnnent 

OB the value of Wingate 

^Wingate is mm of the new 
breed of 

trading at a substantial pre- 
numn to net asset value. 

Apex Group, "anther New 

Zealand company which failed 
in its partial 

Hie company at 160p a store. 

The offer document from 
Wingate reveals no hidden 
plnra within Phit and the 
market now thinks rimlDrely 
that Apex will come back with 
a higher offer. 

qmsiuon “ rv 

US autopans market whictv 
the experienced and weu- 
infbnned Whitlock team are 
not already aware of and are 
better ptecedto assess. 

“ A number of succesaut 
US general retellers have tried 
to enter the specialist auto- 
parts market. Mosthave tod 

more expenencerof ttoUS 

mark^ than Ward Whit e. 
Most have been unsuccessnu. 

LCP also launched a strong 
attack on the acquisitive style 
of Ward White, winch owns 
the Payless DIY c h ain and 
Owen Owen department 
stores, describing its strategy 

Sr- a spate of acquisitions 

no - 

popular risks that some 


ere to write -aerated for a 

high 10 per cent of cu s 
American exposure. 

Its participation is assessea 

on its pa* «P«u^ -g^r 
than its now reduced expo- 
sure to America. 

ClTs Amencan imderamt- 
m<r joss eased to £38 mflhon 
fr&m £583. 

previous third quarter* fora 
reduced nine-montii operat- 
^ toss of £2L3 million 
Snst £803 million. 

The company hopes the 
long awaited emergence mto 
profit will happen next year, 
just as rate rises on Amenam 
commercial lmes are ex- 

as a spaie ui commercial uaw 

finked only by the tenuoiK pectgd u, slow down appreo- 

enmmon thread of rettming. ^y. 

Mr Rhead also defended ci)’ S Amencan nine 
LCFs British property acbv- moDt h operating ratio 
jtics - which, he claims. Ward (daims and expenses agpmst 
iin.^. •* annHirs to have no nremiums) remained weu 

, Mrhictrv nverase at 

Rettfeam National Glass 

“ Pp».taY profits doubled’* 

Pre limin ary Aivnouxicement 

5J , recks ended 2S September 1PS6 

China ‘could open 
money markets’ 

From Robot Grieves, Peking 


profit on ordinary activines 
before taxation 
Profit on ordinary activities 
after taxation 
Extraordinary items 
Profit attributable to 

Earnings per ordinary share 
Dividend per ordinary share 

52 weeks 

28 Sept 1986 


M weeks, 
2HS*Vl 1HK, 


% Change 


2,557 1^78 +100 





2,751 2,892 











■ Profit up 19% 

■ Earnings per share up 27% 

■ Dividend up 22% 

■ Further growth expected 



Profit before Tax 
Earnings per Share 
Dividend per Share 

£401.2m £371.4m* 

£56.5m £47.6m 

I6.4p 12.9p 

5.5p 4£p 

‘■continuing businesses 

Oiina could develop money 
markets within the next 10 
years ifits leaders continue on 
their present course of eco- 
nomic development, Mr John 
Phelan, the chairman ot the 
New York stock exchange, 
said in Peking. 

Mr Phelan spoke as he and 
25 Wall Street executives va- 
iled the country to hold 
seminars on how to develop 
financial markets. 

“China will mM 
develop the k^ofstodk. 
market we are used to- 
Phelan told The Times. But 
the Chinese have some very 
i sophisticated people looking 
1 at these questions. 

“In the next 10 years there 
j will be enormous growth m 
this area.” 

The “China-United States 
j symposium on financial 
1 markets” held at the Great 
Hall of the People, looked at 
the rote of investment banks 
in the financial system and 
new ways to raise capital. 

More than 300 Chinese 
, officials from state banks and 
finance-related government 
agencies attended the semi- 
nars, among them Mr Chen 
Muhua. a state councillor ana 
governor of the People’s Bank 
of China, and Mr Liu Hongru, 
vice-governor of the People s 
Bank- . 

Among the Amencan finan- 
cial experts ^ J^3uS 
Richardson, the former ua 
Commerce Secretary, now a 
partner at the New York law 
firm of Milbank, Tweed, tod 
Mr William Rogers, foe for- 
mer US Secretary of Slate, 
now a senior partner m me 
Washington law firm ot sog- 
ers and Wells. 

China has established fledg- 
ling stock exchanges in Shang- 
hai. Chongqing and Wuhan, 
and a bond market in 

In addition, it has made foe 
People’s Bank the country’s 
central bank and charged it 


i p-hiiu cates for orojnRj' 

gOfravvRts OF FL.1Z ISSUED BY 

j occhSn^ 

loll DtoertUW raw 

- civrtn* deeUred Boor » 
5« date ha* bean darned 




H NwmbT 1386 . 

with regulating the money 
supply and interest rates. 

Peking wants to open 10 
more money naarketsmthe 
next few years,. in ttsdrrveto 
make foe Chinese financial 
system more flexible. 

In his opening remarks at 
foe symposium Mr Utjmd" 
lined the financial problems 
faring C hi n a. 

He said that overafl finan- 
cial regulation was “Mt Sgjg 

the country’s interest rate 

ifle OOKUU ™ _ 'r.- 

niniiorL ' , . Canada acqutoMn ■ me aBO 

Great Portiand is reeking coming through Itejnaiketr 
■ g consent for a . m Canada have 

\ sq ft Side the Pittston ouflgs. »n 

unent at Weybridge, ^ united States, acquired 3 
Educed from 122.1 per cem. Surrey. Ifsucce^ftri foecom-- redundant. _ I 

nA^ffellto 108.76 per cent pany could benefit from the ^unfo^natriy, the proto 

Eainstl I6?4lper ^osedctongesmi^nmg fiom the ofl and gasj^era- 

third qtmriCT British Sw. These would penmt _a tio as are being eaten mway by 

* more flexible business use on financing 

thumninn £1 1.1 million un- sudi sites. , million, up 40 per rent on ^ 

IwSritine loss against £6.5 There is talk of a corporate Borrowings have risen 

SSSwS® acquisition, ^ rf “ 

The claims frequency contin- unlikely to be a property 

U es to rise aim the cost of company.^^ 

Sms rose 6 per cent in the Great Portondis^^ 
third rmarter. for development and will aim 

GA^ has already imposed for trading flow will 

three rate rises in 1986 total- to offset a loss of eaxrnng* proposed sale of the 

line 26 per cent. If motor does menrred throat its develop- uS markeung 

not come right soon, more meat programme. However, a qnesfioi 

«nvipH merlin dividend is hnnw over the s 

r. Horrowuiip , 

to 34 per cent of capital 

“cash flow recovered 
wrongly m foe third quarter 
andthe final quarter cash 

flow -» be . bo ^ d . 


not tunic 

rises can be expected. 

Wood Mackenzie, foe 
stoddOTker, h as shav ed todc 

fisftfl^ear forecasts m£U 0 
miffion pretax fof^CU and 
£130 million for GA. 

CLTs shares feU I3p. 
269p and GA’s lost 13p to 

83 However the foares^ ore 

I underpinned — 
prospective yield of 6.8 per 
cent and GAs by an asset 

. . - c inorw, a elnro 

The interim dividend is 
2.5p a share and die final 
dividend is an estimated 
4.6p. Eamingsperfoareare 

4 5p compared with 3-oP* 

The share price was down 4p 
. yesterday at 194p. 


dam ua u uuw “7> 
However, a qnesfi° a 
still tongs over the safety of 
the final dividend, es^ially 
as Ultramar cannot reclaim 
its advance corporation tax. 
The interim was cat from4P 
to 2p. A cut in foe final from 
6 5p to 3p ought not be 
i.nwftglistfe. putting the shares 

on a yield of 4 J per cent 

A the ott-price continues 

. - , Inoi Ipvrifl SO 

SSmoSOpasS^ . 

York stock exchange officials companies have attrac- 

are scheduled to meet Mr ^ 

Deng Xiaoping, Chinas se- I *ons. 
nior leader tomorrow 

— .. As me ou-priceconuuun 

Ultramar has_ always _ volatile at low levels, so 

something of a . will Ultramar’s profits.^ 
among oil haps Mr Ron Brieriey sl3 

[t is involved in every ptose «ake and Rainbow 

ofthebusin«s— fromemmd 6.8 per cent 

gas productmn to s^n& wfll keep takeover 









Adam & Company 

11 . 00 % 


11 . 00 % 

Citibank Savvngst llfl* 

ConsoUdated Cfds — 

Co-operatNe Bank. 1100% 

C. Hoare 4 Co JJ.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai.— ]i-M% 

lioyds Bank J 1 -’ 

Nat Westmmsta -—£■ — 

Royal Bank ot Scofland .....11.00% 

tsb “H55 

Citibank NA — I1J» 

t Utergap Base Rato. 


The highly advanced ADS Anker cash 

registers are rin^ng up record sales in more 
ways than one. 

Oyer the last ten years, for example, 
they have -supplied, some 300 cash registers, 
to Virgin Records, 

. Its the sort of performance that keeps 
BTR tpp of the charts. 

LONDON* S\V1P 2PL 01-834 384S. 


■ i ( 

' ^ I : • \ i ■ 

• -L 

*V.j* ■ i. 

J s 

' ->-■>. 

* .‘ ’ 





Arndale shopping centres to 
undergo £2§m refurbishment 

By Judith Huntley 

Amdafe Shopping Centres, 
the specialist centre subsidiary 
of the Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation Company 
is to spend £25 million on 
refurbishing its shopping 
centres. 6 

The move was announced 
yesterday by Mr Peter FoixL 
chairman of Arndale. He «»id - 
“Arndale currently operates 
some of Britain’s largest and 
busiest covered shopping 

“H owever, the need to 
strengthen the concept of ‘in 
town’ shopping and the rising 
expectations of shoppers and 
retailers has kid us to reassess 
the facilities and services we 

“Much of the budget allo- 
cated over the next two years 
will be spent on refurbishing 
existing shopping centres 
which wiH include purpose- 
designed leisure facilities.” 

Arndale intends spending 
£20 million of its budget in the 
North-west of England. The 
company plans to convert the 
Knightsbndge Mall of Man- 
chester's Arndale Centre into 
a speciality area. 

The development went 
through a had patch but 
Arndale says it has been 
encouraged by the number of 
lettings m the last year or so. 

The scheme wm be en- 
hanced by the feet that 
Kannada Internati onal, the US 
hotel chain, is to convert 
Fairbaim House — close to the 
Manchester Arndale — into a 
205-bedroom luxury hotel 

The Dome Mines 
companyincreased income for 
the wm month* to SaptcmBhr 
30 to CanS3lJ39 munon or 
£15.5 million from Can$21.07 
million. Net income totalled 

Ch&$18_26 milti/ m 

BEC); Sigma (Dome Mines 
group) has more than trebled its 
net income for nine months to 
September 30 from Can$1.482 
million or £740,000 to 
Can$4.634 million. Total, rev- 
enue amounted to Can$25.134 
miffin n (CanS22-206 miHi mn ) 
Earnings in the third quarter 
were CanS 1.268 millio n. 

• REA HOLDINGS: The com- 
pany Iras agreed to acquire 
White Sea Holdings for 
£242,000, to be satisfied by the 
issue of REA ordinary shares, of 
which about 77 per cent will 
initially be ** T»» m *t by the 
vendors and the hatance.wiO be 
placed on their behalf 

P- V 


Helical Properties and Higgs millkm. Hie model shows the Lazard Brothers, which has a 
and HS11 Developments have building, which is nwler Minori ty interest in the 
sold then joint development coostractiov. It wBl be occn- * Kvndieated £24 

the 300,000 sq ft office Mock pied by BP Exploration. The SC r* ne - A sfwBaaed , 

at 48 CMsweU Street in the developed bought the site mnbotl . nonr ecours e tawi 

City of Loudon, to BP Prop- with interim finance from came from Security Prnnc 

erties for an estimated £39 Bankers Trust and equity from- National Bank. 

Sykes adds more acres Newton to join 
to £ 100 m leisure site Trevbuibc«rd 

The private property com- 
pany Paul Sykes (Develop- 
ments) has added another 40 
acres of land to its site for a 
£100 milHna retail and leisure 
centre of 13 mflfion soft in the 
Don Valley, near Sheffield. 

The extra land, bringing its 

many avenues hot wifl not yet 
say which rente it will take. 

The retail element of the 
project will have three depart- 
ment stores. Mr Paul 
Butterworth, the managing 
director of Panl Sykes, says he 
expects these to be “premima 
deals'* probably fevsMag tra- 

! y a i ? ,i2D««, i 8 tob««d 

for additional car parking and 
improved access. 

The developer has yet to 
reveal details of how the 
project is to be funded. One 
possible rente may he to sell 
securities in the development. 
The company has explored 

The remainder of the retail 
space will be let on (miniver 
rents, which are commonplace 
in the US but rare hi Britain. 
The developer intends build- 
ing the project in one phase, 
worn a completion date in 


• 1NOCO: The company has 
completed the acqisition of 
Rangoon Co from Monaco 
Group. It has also reached 
agreement in principle with an 
associate of Monaco Group 
Fund to acquire a portfolio of 
office, shop and commercial 
properties for about £525 mil- 
lion to be satisfied by the issue 
of 10 million ordinary shares at 
30p each and the balance in , 


The company is discussing with 
Norrlands Skogsagares 
Ceflulosa the acqisition by die 
Swedish company of Reed's 
Medway division whose turn- 
over for the year to March 31 
was £42 mUKon. 


company has acquired Asmo 
Motor Gronp, 

Volkswagen/Audi dealers baaed 
in Blackpool, for £100,000 sat- 
isfied by Cbrton Beach ordinary 
shares at 48p each. 

TIESc Final results to June 30 
(figures in £000). Final dividend 
0L7p (0.6p) making l.lp (Ip). 
Gross rental and investment 
income &837 (5,728), group 
revenue before interest charges 
4,709 (4,382), profit before tax 
3,016 (2,653), profit attributable 
to shareholders >,926 (1.617% 
eps 2-13p (1.79p% 

GROUP: The company has 
announced a 97.14 per cent 
take-up of new shares following 
the recent £4 million rights 
issue. Acceptances have been 
received for 20,271,750 new 
ordinary shares with the balance 
placed with institutional clients 
of Phillips & Drew, the brokers. 

GAS: Six months to June 30 
(figures in Ir£). Revenue for 
period 90,576 or £82341 
(116,855% pretax loss 84J247 
(22.134 profiiX loss per share 
IcEO.0033 (lnED.0006% 

Mr Gerald Newton, rite 
chair man of Country and New 
Town Properties, is to join the 
board of Trevian Holdings. 
The move comes only days 
after Country and New Town 
paid £30 million for a large 
slice of Bay Financial 
Corporation in the US. 

The company yesterday 
bought eight properties from 
Country and New Town for 
£688400. It paid £88300 cash 
and ' issued £600,000 of 
convertible unsecured loon 
stock to Country and New 

Trevian is seeking a USM 

to Ar&ust 31. Filial dividend 
lip (10.125p) making 15.7p 
(]425p% payable on December 
18. Net turnover £6.70 milli mi 
(£6.07 million), net revenue 
before tax £1-29 million (£1.039 
million), net revenue after tax 
£849,238 (021*343% eps 16.98p 
(14.43p% Net asset value 595p 

• HELICAL BAR: Contracts 
have been exchanged for sale to 
BP Properties of 48 ChisweO 
Street, London ECl. Helical’s 
share of a first payment next 
month is estimated to contrib- 
ute a profit of £4.5 million 
pretax in the current year. 
Further payments due in 1987 
will provide a similar amount of 
pretax profit to Helical in the 
yearto January 31, 1988. 

More company news 
is on page 28 





Strong progress 

★ Good performance and growth in the 
United Kingdom. 

It Substantial growth in fife business. 


Total premium income 


Non-life operating result 

(loss) before taxation 

Taxation and minorities 

Realised investment gains 

Profit/ (loss) attributable to shareholders 

★ Improvement of £76-lm in unaudited 
operating profit before tax. 

owth in the ★ United States progress continues. 

★ Satisfactory results achieved in other 

Shareholders’ funds 

Operating profit/ (loss) before taxation 

United Kingdom 

United States 



Rest of the World 
Interest on central borrowings 

9 mouths 


















9 months 















£ 1,032m £l,16lm 

£m £m 

38.4 71-5 

(80.2) (178.6) 

26.6 38.8 

6.2 5.6 

22.2 30.1 

(17.1) (26.2 ) 

09) (56.8) 


Commercial Union 

Assurance Company pic 




British Steel Chairman Robert Scholey 
yesterday reported a profit of £68 million for 
the six months to September 27, 1986, after 
interest but before taxation and exceptional 
items, which were not significant in the 

Mr Scholey described the result as 
“further progress in the recovery of BSC at a 
time when restmeturing of the industry in the 
ECSC remains incomplete? 


to 28/9/85 

Full year 
to 29/3/86 














Turnover of UK operation 
Profit on ordinary, 
activities before interest 
Interest payable 
Profit on ordinary 
activities after interest 

Note; Exceptional hems, taxation and minority interests were no! significant in ihe half-year ended September 27, 1986. 

Other key points from Mr ScboJey's statement: 

• Half-year profits reflect benefits from major 
projects brought on stream towards the end 
of last year ami from implementation of the 
rationalisation measures contained in the 
August, 1985, strategy. With continuing progress 
in improving efficiency, further gams were 
made in manufacturing costs. 

• The weakening US dollar and consequent 
reduction in the sterling cost of raw materials 
and eneigy also contributed to the improvement 
in profit - but this benefit is being eroded 

with the recent resurgence of oil-related energy 

• The refine of the Re dear blast furnace at a 
cost of £50ra was successfully completed and 
was the major factor affecting production levels 
in the half-year During the refine, deliveries 
were maintained from a strategic stock of semi- 
finished material which had been built up 
during last yean 

• Despite continuing progress in the half-year, 
prospects for the second-half are uncertain. 

Against a flat, if not weakening European 
market demand for steel, there is increasing 
pressure from low-priced imports from the 
developing third world countries, often 
subsidised. This comes at a time when the 
European authorities appear intent on moving 
more quickly towards a quota-free market than 
is appropriate when capacity still substantially 
exceeds foreseeable demand. This problem of 
low-priced imports must be tackled successfully 
if liberalisation of the market is not to result in 
further price collapse with inevitable 
consequential losses. Margins are under 
increasing pressure from rising costs while 
sterling remains susceptible to significant 
fluctuations in exchange rates. 

• All employed in (he Corporation are fully 
avvare of the urgent need to strive even harder to 
achieve greater efficiency, not only in reducing 
its cost base but, more particularij^^^^^^ 
in ensuring that it fully satisfies 
its customers' demands. MBB% 

British Steel Corporation 

If you’re about to invest in a pension plan 
make sure it’s the best on the market. 








£ 29.617 



With Profits' 


s< ornsH 

With Profits 

£ 35.846 






Value of Pension Fund over 10 years to 1st April 1986. 

Source: Money Management, An ansi 1986 

Assumes 120 monthly premiums of £.100 Amount Invested (Allowing for lax relief ai -30“ u I 

**Tarut‘l soars head and shoulders above all 
rivals in thi> pensions field M 

The Times, Saturday 26th January 198R. 

If you’re self-employed or the director of a 
private company, you’ll know all about the tax 
advantages of investing in a pension plan. 

Your biggest problem will be selecting the 
best from the rest Obviously, the most important 
factor will be the size of your pension fund when 
you eventually retire. 

** Target Managed is unquestionably the 
Sieve Cram of investment performance 44 

Monry Management, October 1985. 

What it doesn't show, however, is that the 
Target Plan has out -performed all other personal 
pension plans over the last ten years. 

Whaife more, only the Thrget plan provides 
you with a guaranteed loanback facility* enabling 
you to draw on your investment whenever you 
like, with no additional management charges. 

irvrv was linked to Target's Managed Fund 49 Hof the decade must still t o Target Managed 1 

The Dally Telegraph, Saturday 31st December 1983. 

AD too often, this decision is taken as a result 
of comparing protected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is achieved 
growth The table above compares the actual 
results or an investment in the Target Personal 
Pension Plan - linked to the Target Managed 
Pension Rind - with two _ * - , « ,, , , 

leading with profits " | ' \ I ’ 

policies and three other M X 

target grou p plc 

Money Magazine. February 1986. 

And, with Tbrget you're not committed to 
keeping up a regular payment. Vbu may vary the 
level of your investment to suit your personal 
circumstances. Except, of course, with a growth 
record like ours, we think youll want to invest 
more rather than less. To find out more, fill 

out and return the FVwpnssl 

—f coupon below, or plume 

ZjJv< 0296 394000 and ask ft»r the 
■). o Zjfz - - Client Services Department. 

LA*— M - I ‘SohpctloIcnHQtpnvhaifiWdjrcrtiuM. vmiiv 


Please lei me have further details of the Target Pension Plan. 





Tfiereaifls fbrttie six monfhsfo30fhS^rfem0a: 1986. 
continue to show highly sotisfoctoiy progress. Net revenue before 
tax hos advanced to £1 0.403.000 and. aftertax, has increased by 
25% to £6,883,000. An interim dividend af 2. 5p per share 
(1985: 2p) has been declared and, in the absence af unforeseen 
circumstances, a final dividend of ncff Iks than 4.6pwilt be paid, 
making a total tor the year af at least 7. 1 p 0986: 6.6p> 

During recent weeks, important properties have been 
purchased at4/7 Chiswetl Street, E.C. I The GecoCentre, 

Orpington and 88/96 High Road, Wood Green, N.22, involving a 
total outlay af over £1 3 million. In addition, contracts hove been 
exchanged fora large scheme ot newly 8 acres in Weybrdge, 
where development should commence in June, 1987. 

Rctx»d Peskin - Chairman 


Unaudited revenue account Half 

to 30 

to 30.9.85 

Year to 

Rents receivable 

Net revenue before tax 

Net revenue aftertax 

Earnings per share 

Interim Dividend 

12,845 10,294 21,224 








Kmgmon Hou». 56 Mortimer s&efli. London W) N 8BD 

SO Holding Bbd, a wfaofly- 
owned subsidiary of SDB, has 
entered into an agreement with 
United Estate Projects for the 
purchase of tto enure issued and 
paid-up share capita] of Subacg 
Jaya Medical Centre, compris- 
ing 20-62 million ordinary 
stores of 1 ringgit ($1.00 or 69p) 
each, for a total cash consid- 
eration of $2268 million. 

COMPANY: Williamson Tea 
Holdings has purchased a fur- 
ther 25,000 ordinary shares. Its 
total interest is now 530,000 
ordinary shares (7.57 per cent). 

• BULLERS: The company has 
entered into a conditional agree- 
ment to acquire Ingram Pine 
Arts, a manufacturer and re- 
tailer of framed pictures, framed 
mirrors and wardrobe mirror 
doors, for a total consideration 
comprising an initial £1.025 

• TARMAC: Tarmac Building 
Produce has purchased BP 
Aquaseal, which bad net assets 
of about £7 million at the end of 


1985. Aquaseal, based at 

marvels roofing felt, keg bitu- 
men and a complete range of 
bituminous and other solutions 
and compounds used in the 
building industry. 

Tauno Matomaki has been ap- 
pointed managing director and 
preadeni of the group from 
January 1 1987. 

PANY: The boa rd ann ou nced it 
has received an approach from & 
third party which could lead to a 

TATES: Dividend payable 
January 14. 

• CHARTERHALL: The com- 
pany, through a wholly-owned 
subsidiary, has acquired further 
shares in Looters and is now 
beneficially interested in 
1.220,000 shares (14.96 per 
cent i Total cash consideration 
for the further shares was about 

County Securities announces 

the placing of. 2.900,000. .or- 
dinary shares of 5p each ai J90p. 
At the placing price Gordon 
Russell is capitalized at £173 
minion. Dealings are expected 
to commence on November 19. 
Brokers to the issue are Rowe 
arid Pitman. The new stores wffl 
raise about £2.6 million after 
expenses and will be used to 
reduce bank borrowings 

dividend (ml) for the year to 
September 30. Figures in £000s. 
Turnover 16,769 (I8.787X Pn>- 
fit 1,010 (795). Interest 406 
(387). No tax (nD). Earnings per 
share i0,4p (7.3p). Folly minted 
naming* per share 8.6p (6.4p). 

MENT TRUST: Results for the 
six months to September 30. 
Interim dividend 7.5p (bOp). 
Income from investments — 
hanked 722,438 (479.752), un- 
fhmted 193.770 (233,696). De- 
posit interest 154*261 (46.616). 
Net revenue before tax 

money marke ts and gold 







The results for the nine months ended 30th September 1986 estimated and 
unaudited are compared below with those for the similar period in 1985, which 
are restated at 31st December 1985 rates of exchange; also shown are the actual 
results for the full year 1985. 

It must be emphasised that the results for the interim period do not usually 
provide a reliable indication of those for the full year 

9 Months 9 Months Year 

to 30.9.86 to30.9.85 1985 

Estimate Estimate Actual 

£ millions £ millions £ millions 

1400-0 1,236.6 1,691.3 

1425 156.3 205.0 

Premium Income 
General Business .... 
Long Term Business 

Investment Income 

Underwriting - 
General Business Result . 
Long Term Business Profits 

Less Interest on Loans 

Profit before Taxation 

Taxation - UK and Overseas 
Minority Interests and 
Preference Dividend 

Net Profit attributable to Shareholders . 










7 2 





















Three Month Stmfca 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun87 _ 

S«3 87 . 


Mar 88 

ftwtous day's total open 
TlmM Month EurodniGr 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


&£ms,sa — 

Dec 86- 


Jim 87 — 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 67 

Dec S6 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

Prgvxxg dart total open tntora st 180 85 
town 106-16 10G-2Q. 17738 

10941 ‘ 10W2 106^5 178 

108-2S 0 


Previous dm - * total open Mareat 2889 
16870 165.00 16430 385 

168:00 16850 187-65 4 


Art Amme {250p) 

BCE (38p) 

Baker Harris Sndr (t70p) 
Beny.Blrch4Not3te I115pf 
tH enfam Exfad (95p) 
BBston&Battersee (103p) 
Brake Bras p2Sp) 


Guthrie Coro p50p) 
Harrison fIMp) 

Interlink Express (I85p) 
Lon Asse In* Tst (14p) 
Lloyds Chemist (I05p) 
Martjorough Tech niOp) 
Mecca Lefiura (l35pL 
MSer & Senthouse (lOGp) 
H&wBgo Trans (75p> 
Quarto (11 %j) 

Rotunda (95p) 

Sandeff Paridns (135 p) 

‘ 100 
172 +1 

Scot Mtge 100% #25 
TSB Group (100p) 
Thames TV (19® 
Trees 10% cBI #9 6JG 
Whinnay Mackay (IMP) 
Wootens Batter (104p) 
Yatvwton (38p) 
Yorkshira TV (125p) 


BeSway F/P 
Blue AnOw N/P 
Br. Bartzol N/P 
Brown Kent F/P 
Bewick N/P 
FR Grow N/P 
Norftrtk&p F/P 
Patrocan N/P 
Radand N/P 
Slabe F/P 

(issue price In brackets). 

M2, 1986. IbMU-to MjW . . CMtogg . 1448a nMedying eeamty price. 

ri-ot ftNSGX- UWJ4H) « rtwuT 


Eamings per Ordinary Share 45.lp 83p 205p 

Principal exchange rates used in 
translating overseas results 

U.S.A. $1:45 Si. 45 $1.45 

Canada SZJD1 $2.02 S2.02 

(before internal reinsurance) 

9 months to 30.956 9 months to 30.9.85 

Premium Underwriting Premium Underwriting 

CaB option were afcw oat oec 12/11/86 Cental Secs, Turner & Kwrefc Amstrad. 
Prastvwck, Oftwr Bras, Downfebrae Hugs., J WHaraa, Hamtxos, USrarear, THcenhoL 
JPiL, Southend Stadhan. Plaesay. Fob#. Hefaal Bar. London int, Thurgar Bardex, 
New Court. J WQkas. 8 & U Stores. 

Put Conroy. Cabte & Viftretess. Norton Opax. 

Put 4 Cat Templeton. 



















EEC other than UK. 















Others, including 

London Market Business 













Net written premiums and investment income increased in sterling terms by 29.4% 
and 16.2% respectively. The 1986 figures include the results of Pilot Insurance of 
Canada for the first Lime. Adjusted to exclude the effects of currency fluctuations 
and Pilot the increases were 22.2% and 10.4% respectively. 

In the third quarter there were underwriting losses of £36.2m (1985 £55.3tn loss) 
of which £12,1 m (1985 £15.3m) occurred in the United Kingdom and £lS.4m (1985 
£25.9m) in the United States. In the aggregate other territories produced under- 
writing losses of £8.7m (1985 £14. lm loss). The pre tax profit for the quarter 
amounted to £38.9m (1985 £U.9m profit). 

For the nine months in the United Kingdom there was a loss of £48.9m (1985 
£58.6m loss). Losses in the Motor account increased to £26i3m (1985 £18.1m loss). 
Improvement in the Homeowners account was maintained with a profit for the 
quarter reducing the loss to£8.9m (1985 £9.4m loss). Experience in the Commercial 
Property Account was similar to that for the half year with a nine month loss of 
£9.6m (1985 £21.5m loss). 

For the nine months net premiums written in the United States totalled $873m 
(1985 $727m) with an operating ratio of 108.76% as compared with 116.41% for the 
same period in 1985. On the United Kingdom accounting basis the underwriting 
loss was £55.7m (1985 £82.7m loss). Improvement was seen in all lines except 
Private Auto where results were little changed from 1985. 

Elsewhere there were aggregate losses of £29.9m (1985 £41.9m loss). There was 
continued improvement in many territories including Canada. The Australian 
result shows deterioration having been influenced by large fire and weather related 
claims. Results in Netherlands and New Zealand deteriorated as did Ireland which 
was affected by storm damage in the quarter. 

New annual life premiums for life business in the United Kingdom in the first 
nine months or 1986 were £21.9m 11985 £J9.7m). and single premiums £22.9m 
(1985 £43.4m). . 

General Accident Fire & Life Assurance Corporation pic. 

World Headquarters: Pitheavlis, Perth, Scotland PH2 0NH. 



Interim tfwdcnd payments in respect of the year 1886 wB be made on or after 
18 December 1988asfbiow>:— 



A dividend. Serial No 117 ot H 2.7960 per sub-share, equivsknt to 8&3312p 
convened at FL33155 = Cl. 

DUTCH DMD0ID TAX reM is gwsi by certain Tax Conventions condudad br the 
Netherlands A readent at a convention cowry «4 general* be liable to Dutch ifividend 
tax at only 15% (FI 0. 4194. 12.6 497p per sub-share) provxhd the a pprop r iate Dutch 
exemption form is submitted. No form is required front UK restdems if the dvdsnd is 
dawned within aw months from the above data tt the sub -shares are owned by a UK 
resident and are effecttv M y connected with a business earned on through a per m ane nt 
estaMshment in tha Netherlands. Dutch (Cvidend (ax at 2S% (HO.6990. 21.0828b psr 
sub-share) mfl be deducted and w* be Mowed as oredrt aganst the tax payable on the 
proto et the esttMshment Residents of navc o nvention countries are Bable to Dutch 


UK INCOME 1AX at die reduced rate oM4%(ll 8064p per sub 4are] on the prosa 
■nouitwrt be dedjeted tram payments made to UK readenteratead of at the basic rse 
of 29%. This represents a proiroonrt afowance of credfe at the rale of 15% ter the Dutch 
dNrtend tax already withheld No UK aicome tax w* be deducted from paymaras to 
non-UK nmdents who submn an Inland Reuenue AfOdavit of nan- readcnca In the UK. 

% obt ain p a yment of the dividend aib -share certfest es must be SstBd On Lating 
Forms cbianabte from; — 

ftStSsnd Pent pic. Stock Exchange Services Dope Manner House. Pepys Street 
London. EC3N «OA 

Northem Bank Lxnted. 2 Wgreig Street BWfast BT1 2EE 

Ated Irish Backs p fc. Secunaes Dept. Stock Ewftange. Bade Centre. Bafcbrxige. 

OydesUie Bank PLC. » Si Vncem Place: Oaggow. 

Sep a rate farms are available for use (a)byBanla. UK ftmaolSioc*brokBre.Soionore 
or Chat eradA cCu on tana (b) by other cfamwnte Noteson the procedure. neatiicBse. are 
pnmedon the forms. 


A dhndend of FL4B6 oer R20 agamst swrender of Coupon No 117 Cations may 
be encashed throush one of the payng agents in the Neihedands or through Mtond Bank 
l^c, in the bner case they rmdt be toted on the ^secoi Form, obtaaiabto from the Bank. 
wNchamainaadBdtorabontfwtthe ce rt i ficeteadonotbelongtoaN a rtMitaDdereadtolt 
tnstnxaxxs for rawningretof from IVrchdMOend and UK nocxne tex»e asset out above 
except that UK resdents to Dutch tiwtond to at orty 15% must stonit a Dutch 

exampumfom Dutch diwdend tax tmUndnedad IS R.l 165 al25%andFlOB09Oat 
?5% The proceeds from the enc a rfi mav of coupons through a paying agent in the 
Netherlands wd be cmfited ro a anverttoto Ronns account with a bank or broker in the 

A statement of the procedure lor rtaoimg rekef from Dutch dmdend tv and for the 
encashment of CH*»ng. nckxlmg names ot paying agents and convenbon coumraa. can 
be obtroed from Midtond Bank pic anhe above address or from the London Transfer 

London Iterator Office. UiMawr House. Blockfriav. London EC4F 4Btt 
T1 November 1988. 



TEL: 01-481 4000 




Investment Management Services Ltd. 

More than just a 

a pm of 

Alexanders Laing 

&Cmckshank Holdings Ltd 


fi* formation pitxxe CorttxtArmtr., 

«BCV HOUSE 7 COP1HAU A«4fc LOtOON iCS 7B£ ILL ill sis . Sfc 


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It- 1 


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Firm start fades 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end November 21 . §Contango day November 24 . Settlement day December 1. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Wban stocks town oofy ana price quocad, ftw ns nhksa prieas taken dally at 5 pm. Yiaid, change an p/e am caBodctad an tbs mddto price 



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33 .... 






November 1 3, 1986 

A s a head-homer myself, it 
comes as do surprise to 
me that some companies 
and their consultants are 
at least to consider 
. listic ways of “beating the 
poacher”. Consequently, there is a 
small but significant movement of 
opinion in favour of introducing 
restrictive clauses into top 
managers* employment contracts. 

Head-hunters deliberately seek 
out the very best executives, 
particularly those already doing 
well and achieving success. 
Employers quite naturally feel 
threatened by this strategy, be- 
cause, unlike, say, advertised va- 
cancies, it does not rely on any 
initiative on the part of the 
employee, stimulated, for exam- 
ple, by boredom or unhappiness. 
And, by and large, employers 
accept that dissatisfied staff, if 
their problems cannot be resolved, 
are best allowed to leave 

However, with head-hunting, 
even the contented, busy man or 

woman may be approached if 
good enough. But what is often 
overlooked by die anxious em- 
ployer is that for every 20 ap- 
proaches matte to individuals, 
only one is going to lead to a career 
change. People are also naturally 
loyal - looked-after managers do 
not move unless the advantages 
are substantial indeed. 

Furthermore, the adoption by 
companies of special contractual 
arrangements - so-called restric- 
tive covenants — to fend off head- 
hunters by deterring key staff from 
leaving, has actually had rather 
limited success outside the statu- 
tory monopolies such as (ironi- 
cally) the legal profession itself 

Certainly a covenant couched in 
obtuse legal jargon stands little 
chance of being "sold” to individ- 
uals. But even if a cosmetically 
more appealing covenant is drawn 
up, are such legal agreements 
necessarily good for employees or 
good for their employers? 

After all, for every company 
that loses an employee, another 

Restrictions such as 

contracts to fend off 

head-hunting should 

be replaced by 

tft; company rewards, 
says John Richards 

one gains. And new staff generally 
equal good news, not bad, as they 
should bring a fresh approach and 
new ideas to the Organization. The 
recent staffing-up in the City is a 
case in point, as financial institu- 
tions seek out the innovators in 
their fields to introduce major 
operational and strategic changes. 

Building societies, insurance 
companies and banks have been 
deliberately recruiting innovative. 

more risk-taking men and women 
with sound commercial skills who 
can successfully take an organiza- 
tion into the new markets opened 
up next year. 

Evidence for this can be found 
in the recent wave of “deck- 
clearing" redundancy pro- 
grammes by banks and bunding 
societies to make room for youn- 
ger, more aggressive executives. 

Indeed, I would predict the slow 

demise of foe home-grown man- 
ager in this sector and instead 
expect many financial institutions 
to be contributing to, and luring 
from, a common pool of senior 
and even middle management 

But by preventing the move- 
ment of such employees - at- 
tracted by advertised vacancies, 
head-hunted or otherwise — 
■contractual arrangements are 
bound to create inertia and pre- 
vent natural management evolu- 
tion talcing place. After all, 
training home-grown managers 
takes time and sometimes head- 
hunting from outside is the only 
effective way of filling the gap. 

Ultimately, restrictive clauses 
are an artificial way of keeping 
good staft The “golden 
handcuffs” of company pensions 
have done enough to block the 
mobility of executives in Britain 
compared with their US counter- 
parts. Restrictive covenants will 
only exacerbate this problem by 
introducing yet another means of 

clamping individuals 
organizational wheeL 
Management recruitment prac- 
tice in the United States is hardly a 
panacea for afl our ills, but die 

Americans' hire-and-fire practice 
does at least ensure that individual 

. - —a... ju. lluiirfAK Htl 

UOC5 ill tiKMM w — — 

managers stay on their toes and up 

to date in their fields. Not 
surprisingly, restrictive covenants 
are practically unheard of m the 
United States, and a healthy head- 
hunting industry has not harmed 
US companies either. 

tong hard took at tbor reward 
structures. Our experience has 
shown that the good old-rash toned 
rewards for prmvn success - 
regular pay reviews, profit-sharing 
and incentive schemes - continue 
to be extremely powerful motiva- 
tional tools. 

Equally important is the need to 
svetop ft " * 

develop flexible career structures 
and an “organizational culture” 
that inspires voluntary — not 
enforced - commitment to the 

C ontractual barriers to stop 
people leaving are also an 
exceedingly lazy way of 

managing [q Crime Off ul 

crime. If companies want to hang 
era to precious staff should they 
noi be thinking about more carrot 
and less stick? Or, to adapt a 
marketing phrase, giving “more 
pull and less push”? 

So rather than bringing is the 
lawyers, employers worried about 
losing key executives should take a 

Inevitably, in time, various 
high-calibre staff, across a range of 
management functions, will move 
os — some after a relatively short 
period but most after at least five 
years* sen-ice. Recognizing this, 
companies should not despair, nor 
should they seek legal protection. 
After aB. someone even better may 
just be waiting to be snapped up. 

Jtihn Rickards is director of Ian 
Askwonh & Associates, executive 
search consultants 




35 New Broad Street, London ECHM 1 IMH 
Tel: 01-588 3588 orOI-588 3576 
Telex Mo. 8B737d Fax Mo. 01-638 9216 

Excellent opportunity for ambflhxis young graduate with some previous retevarrt experience -how e ver new graduates with 

potential wm be con si dere d . 


LONDON £7,500-£9,500 


We invite applications from numerate Economics graduates or equivalent. age 21 -25, to join a small department responsfole for the 
preparation of the company's control budgets and plans, appraisal of results and management reporting, project evaluation and other 
special projects and investigations. Initial salary negotiable in the range £7,50G-£9,50Q depending on qualifications and 
experience, plus the normal benefits expected of an international ofl company. Applications in strict confidence under reference 
YG1 S447/TT will be forwarded unopened to our efient unless you lisa companies lo which they should not be sent fo a covering letter 
marked for the attention of the Security Manager: C«LRA. 



London Based 
Overseas Travel 

£15 - 20,000 
Excellent Banking 

We are part of the Security Pacific Corporation, a major force in 
financial services, focusing on asset based financing products. 

Our Company adopts an aggresive European strategy, and is 
constantly seeking to establish new and unique market niches. Our 
specialist areas currently include equipment, commercial and properly 

Fundamental to this business strategy wilt be the rapid 
development of effective and expedient computer systems to satisfy the 
varied demands of our growing product portfolio. 

Working independently within a small team, your responsibilities will 
encompass analysis, design, specification, development and 
implementation of both new and existing systems, primarily on VAX and PC's. 

You will have a financial/accounting background and be an 
enthusiastic achiever of graduate calibre who can "make things happen'! 
Experience of structured techniques and either VAX BASIC/FMS or fourth 
generation tools would be ideal. 

We offer the pragmatic self-starter unbounded career opportunities, 
overseas travel and an excellent financial package which includes 5% 
mortgage, subsidised loan, non-contributory pension etc. 



For full details contact Rick Affiam on 
01 387 4540 (daily until 7pm) or 01 852 7067 
(evenings and weekends) or send your CY to 
Greenfield Human Resources, 40 Triton Square, 
London NW1 3HG, quoting Ref: M8. 





Human Resources 


a substantial service organisation based in Central London with a regional 
■/^network of some 20 offices and 3,000 employees is seeking an 
administrator to work closely with the Head of die Human Resources 
Department. Applicants who should be graduates 24-27 years, will be 
involved in the coordination of personnel policies on a national basis; the 
provision of regular personnel related statistical information; 'ad hoc' project 
work and the ‘in house' staff magazine plus other duties. This is an ideal 
opportunity for somebody who wishes to develop a career in personnel - 
assistance will be given in achieving the 1PM qualification. Keyboard skills 
are essential as tbe department uses micro computers. 

01-437 tO J4 L 


& Associates 

Recruitment Coroufcanu DO Regent Street, London WlR 5FE 


WaierAid is unusual among UK. charities. It draws its main support 
-technical and financial - from the experience and goodwill of those 
responsible for water in this country. It applies that support to low-cost 
water project* in some of the poorest countries of Africa and Asia. 

In each UK region, WaierAid has a regional representative. These are senior 
water industry staff who have voluntarily taken responsibility for 
generating awareness of. and resources for, WaterAki’s work. Increasingly 
they address ihe industry’s consumers as well as its employees. 1986-7 
income has recently passed £1 million. 

The Head of UK Operations will support regional representatives and help 
to devise further initiatives, capitalizing on the industry base, capable of 
generating an income of at least £5 million a year. as soon as possible. 

Applicants will need to demonstrate a capacity to get results from a team of 
senior colleagues; and will need an understanding of Third World 
development. Experience in the running of a charity could be advantageous 
but is not essential. The post is London-based and carries an initial salary, 
according to experience, of up 10 £14.000 P-a. Further information can be 
obtained from David Collett. Director of Water Aid, at 1 Queen Anne’s 
Gate. London, SW1H 9BT, Tel. 01-222 81 1 1. Closing date for applications 
5th December. 





To teach a range of Management 
subjects up to Graduate/Post 
Graduate level and to contribute 
to the development and running 
of the School of Management 
and Industrial Relations. The 
successful candidate will have 
significant practical or manage- 
ment experience together with 
an appropriate management 

SALARY: Min. £12,897 (bar 
Point 4) Max. £16,1S5 indudt 
Fringe Allowance. 


Application form and further 
particulars may be obtained 
from the Principal to whom 
completed forms should be re- 
turned within fourteen days of 
the appearance of this 



To set up and run a 
prestigious retail outlet 
handling imported fabrics and 
furnishings in a superb 
Pimlico location. For further 
information call Patricia Kerr 
on 01 834 4371 



35 Mew Broad Street, London EC2M 1NH 
Tel: Ol - 58B 3588 or Ol -588 3576 
Telex Mo. B87374 Fax Mo. 0-1-630 9216 

A stimulating demantftng a ppo intme nt with scope to progress to Board appointment In 2-3 years 





Applications are invited from Accountants (ACMA, ACCA, ACA). aged 28-35, preferably graduat es with at fe ast 2 years' 
posfrquaSfteation experience In a progressive commercial organisation, with practical experience in forecasting and treasury 
management As a key member of the Management Team, the successful candidate, reporting to the Managing Director, will 
provide a wide range of financial planning advice and systems development direction, actfog as foe Snk between the accoimting 
function and project managers, in addttion to responsibility for the 'group's day-to-day accounting (through a smafl, effective 
team), key wilt be P/L foretasting, treasury management aid production of quarterly results, budgets and variance analysis. The 
ability to demonstrate initiative, creative but sound commercial flair and a flexible team approach is essential. Initial salary 
negotiable £17,000~£20,000 + profit share + car, norvcontrtjutory pension, free fife assurance, free BUPA Applications, m strict 
confidence, under refer e nce GMA 121ITT, to the Managing Director ALPS. 

Scope for an ambtoous profe s sional 



PACKAGE UP TO £16,000 


We Invite appfications from cancfidates aged 25-38 with a minimum of 3 years' pensions administration experience and educated 
to degree tevei/]profess*onajly qualified. This new position reports to the Pensions Manager and to addffion to the pension 
schemes for the hokSng and subsktiary companies, in and overseas, the department atkmssiters Be assurance, BUPA 
and-car leasing schemes. Tbesuccessfu! applicant will assist in thefurther computerisation of thepenaon schemes and there win 
be day-to-day contact with staff at afl levels. Precision, social skids and a diplomatic manner are the qualities we seek. Initial 
remuneration negotiable by way of base salary up to £14,500 + (flscretionaiy bonus, and good company benefits. Appfications in 
strict confidence under reference PA 297/TT to the Managing Director ACP. 

35 N9fB8tMOSTBS^UHDOHEC2M URL IHH’BnC: 01 -588 3588 OR B1 -588 357K.TCLEX:8Kf374. FAX: 01-256 8SD1. 





Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street 
London. WIN 6D. TeL- 01-631 44a 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool 12 6RE 
TeL 051-236 1724. 


The career o pp ortunity 
you seek. 

The challenge you demand 

Dow Chemical is one of the wodtfs largest 
chemical companies with a very modem 
highly Polystyrene piaotat 

now require an ambitious Chernfcal 
Engineer to work to a small beam offike 
minded pr o fessionals. Youi bnefwffl be to 
technology. quatf _- and economics. . 

You should be in yen it twenties with a good 

environment woufd faeadwivtageous itis not 

: start and have an enthusiastic, flexible 
and creative approach then telephone 
Uatin Claris Production Supervisor for more 
mKHmatran. AfremativelY. write or phone for 
an application form to Sylvia Harvey. 
rasomreJ Department, Dow Chemical Ca Ltd, 
% i! Y- South Giamoram 

CF6 2YRTd: (0440 73715L 

South Wales 

WeU expect a fot from you. but well give 
prfanty in ratum. The salary is heJHy 
competitive and tee benefits are those you'd 

1 Do* Ch«mim company 

Could you 
develop oar 

Glaxo isone ofthe festeslgrou^lntemalic^ 
healthcare groups. We have access to a vast 
amount of mametnw rfoxmaDon from around 
the worid. and to enable us to harness this 
Womiation fix the management of our 

A background m IBM micros using DOS 
and other mtoo-basedscAware will be 
essenti a l 

The tight mix of qualifies and dqBs is mere 

database has been established. 

Tbe person 
development anf operation of our 

wffl therefore play a very important rote and 

‘ ni * ";to demonstrate 

r previous 

.a salary will be offered 
S ™^^wgj r , = p MKinarange 

Based in ourr 



- t wifl need to appl y sophisticated 

interrogative programmes to re 

and produce hisfr quality hardn 

. - „ taOy.asa 

member ofa small ream, vou will help evat 
iraermSanai pharnisotarefeal ffamh.^ 
j with external data and software; 
is to decide upon the most efficient 
i of ojmpflmg Information. 

Thlst ' 

> receive an attractive 

» pac kage, induding Group bonus, a 

nqn-confnbutory pension scheme and 

rekgaionassisiaixewriiererequted. ■* 

_ .ppse tetephorafo an application form or 
wrfte to Carolyn Greene. Personnel J 

toad Gretsnfoid. Middlesex UB60HE-. 
Telephone No, 01*422 3434 Ext 2602 1 
ytxi wish to dfecussinfornialfy. the I 

to me position in mare 


Exr. 3004.) 


Thriving Middle East media house has vacancies 
for extra executives in their London office, to cope 
with increased business and to stimulate more. 

- Each must be something of an all rounder - a 
salesman who is at ease with administration, a 
self-starter with a strongly developed sense of 
team spirit, intuitive, articulate and able to engen- 
der confidence and trui both with our customers 
and our pt^f^iwr^ff foeipalB. 

Knowledge of tbe Middle East and/or advertising 

would he useful. Alternatively, a graduate in 
business administration or marketing might well 
be a suitable candidate. 

The man or woman we a re seeking will probably 
be between foe ages of 25 and 35. Salary will be 
according to qua lifi c a ti o ns -and experience. 

If you think you. fit the bill, please write 
in foe first instance ta our associatex- 

Overseas Publicity Limited 
91-10 1, Oxford Street 

Overseas Financial 

c£ 15,000 + profit share scheme + comm/ssior? 


- a. f nei *'ly established confirming house. 

As part or then London operation they wish to employ 
Overseas Financial Managers to be responsible /or the 
proyision of confirming and trade finance for importers 
the ^ md South Africa. 

*n to provide advice to clients on 

atiaspecte of transacting business in these countries. 

IS2?li?iS!! nence m cor| firtning business with 

ESS? iSSE? ' to J he ^ south Africa is 
required. An existing client base would be useful. 

positions offer excellent prospects to the right 
London SW7Y4PP, 

! + f** 



rs & Lybrand. Where people find success 





Coopers & Lybrand Associates Limited 
management consultants 

Pkimtree Court, London EC4A 4HT 

Decision Support 

The Decision Support Group seek con~ 
suttants of the highest calibre who can 
demonstrate substantial achievement 
in the use or development of Dedston 
Support or its related technologies. 

We am a fast growing group with a 
broad mix of skills covering the DS 
spectrum from fTto busteess smalysts. 
We have been responsible forthe 
design and implement a tion of alaige 
number of systems including ‘intelligent 
boardrooms’, executive information 

systems and financial consolidations, 
in builtfing these systems we use a 
wide range of technologies from micro 
packages to mainframe relational 
databases or modefing systems. ' 
However, in the development of these 
systems, our major concern is to 
support the decision maker with 
appropriate information. It is in this 
area that we primarily wish to 
strengthen our team. 

Aged 26 to 34, with a degree and a 
professional qualification or MBA and 
with either a broad based business or 
accounting background, it is likely you 
are currently working with the senior 
management and Board of a major 
organisation in the identification of 
information needs or the delivery of 
Decision Support 


PI umtree Court, London EC4A4HT 

experience of marketing within the 
service sector or industry, and an MBA 
or equivalent. Of paramount impor- 
tance is an ability to demonstrate 
problem-solving skills in a rapidly 
changing environment 

We are offering an excellent remunera- 
tion package which includes a cat If 
you are interested in this opportunity 
and want to exploit your skiUs on a 
wider front , please send your resume, 
including a day time telephone number, 
quoting ref T01/34 to Gerry Cryer. 

Business and 
Marketing Strategy 

Coopas & Lybrand, one of the 
world's largest and most diversified 
business advisory firms, is committed 
to enhancing its UK portion. 

As we expand our internal business 
planning and marketing functions we 
need to recruit further ambitious and 
talented people onto the team. 
Successful candidates for this 
challenging rote will probably have 

These positions provide an excellent 
opportunity to work at the most senior 
levels of the firm, helping to shape and 
implement strategy. A highly attractive 
package is available. There are excel- 
lent prospects either with in the group 
itself, or within our expanding manage- 
ment consultancy divisioa 
If you possess the skills, drive and 
ambition we are looking for, send a 
full career resume to Dr Sydney 
Richardson, Director of Planning. 

for a property manager, probably a 
chartered surveyor, who's ready to take 
on this senior management role as a 
new career challenge. Based in me 
City, but travelling to our various 
regional locations, you'll manage a 
small in-house team. 

Ifs likely that you’re currently working 
in commerce or industry, with the in- 
depth professional knowledge and 
liaison skills to help senior manage- 
ment define their space needs; to 
negotiate effectively with landlords 
and developers, and to manage fitting- 
out projects. You’ll also liaise with the 
firm’s own professional advisors on 
the management of a diverse 
property portfolio. 

UK Property Manager 

With a major City presence and around 
30 regional offices, Coopers & 
Lybrancfs space requirements take 
efficient pfenning and highly profes- 
sional management. 

To continue this, we're now looking 

In return, you can expect a remunera- 
tion package of not less than C25.000, 
plus car and private health insurance, 
together with an excellent opportunity 
to develop your career. 

ff you have the experience and 
expertise we're looking for, send a 
career resume to Roger Reeves. 


An intriguing challenge for an Insurance Professional 

Up to £1SK+ benefits -London 

In the competitive market for 
private health insurance, BUPA is 
determined to stay several steps 
ahead of the field through constant 
research, innovative product - 
development arid shrewd 

At our London Head Office a small 
team of Market and Product 

it is the springboard for every new 

product initiative in its sector. 

The task ofleading this team of 
four, concentrating on the 
Individual Purchase Sector and co- 
ordinating the wide variety of 
projects ongoing at any one time 
Ms to thisPRObUCT 
constant liaison with the Research 
and Development Director and 
Marketing, Legal, Finance and 
ActoarialDepmtinents, you'll find 
each day will present new 

intimately the scope of this 
fascmatingpost will be as wide as . 
your talents and drive allow. 

That’s why we’re looking for 
initiative and imagination in 
addition to analytical skills and 
sound technicalknowledge of 
Insurance. Preferably a graduate 

intelligence and formulate 
recommendations for 

development* and enhancements tn 

new and existing products. Ata 
time of exciting expansion and 
diversification, the need for an up- 
to-the-minute, integrated picture is 
critical if we are to respond swiftiy 
to market forces. This team plays 
both a proactive and reactive role in 
co-ordinating disparate sources of 
mformatzonand undertaking 
specific research projects. In short. 

with FCII/ACn qualifications and 
ideally (but not essentiaBy) a 
company-based product 
development background, you 
must he able to “juggle’’ a wide 
range of projects with the resources 
ofa small team. Clearly this is not a 
job for lovers of routine. Ifsa 

n^eratethinto-v^h commercial 
flair who is unlikely to be under 30. 
The salary on offer will be 
supported by substantial benefits 
inchujingfree BUPA and a 
mortgage subsidy after a qualifying 
period. Relocation assistance may 
be a vailab le. 

Please write with full or to: Claire 
Connie, Personnel Officer, 
BUPA, Rowell House, Essex 
Street, London WC2R 3 AX. 


Britain feeds better for it 


Very often, executives and cither ■ 
professional people contemplate 
a change right in the middle 
of their career. . 

Most often their reasons 
for this are a general dissatisfaction with their 
present career and the belief that they could 
and should be doing better. 

Chusid Lander is a group of specialist 
career consultants who for many years have 
been helping people earning £15,000 a year, 
or more, to get better jobs - whether they are 
currently in a job* unemployed or facing 

We have turned pessimism into 
optimism, failure into success and 

gw? jaded Executives into highly 

successful people earning very 
much more- and we can prove it 
v r 7 For many years, we have been 
guiding people in the right 
direction - now it's your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential 
personal assessment, without obligation, or 
write to: The Administrator; Chusid Lanoer, 
Ref: G/ii/4 35/37 Fitzroy Street London 
W1P 5AF - enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 0612280089 

BRMMGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 



For large firm of patent agents in 
EC4. The post has wide resjxrasibiL 
ities including staff supervision and 
recruitment, office management, and 
some Company Secretarial duties, 
and would suit a mature person who 
has a flexible approach to their job. 
An appropriate formal qualification 
would be an advantage. Salary up- 
wards of £16,000 to reflect ability and 

Please send CV to Box A58. 


for two people (23+) to 
Wn the West End once of 
FPS (Management) Lid « a 
major force in the financial 
senricas industry. 



FuB training, rapid 
progression into 
management, equity 
remuneration second Id 



Martyn Caravan or 

Chris PIckersgBfan 
01 4398431 


TI- Rnglkh I jngnngf Trarhmg Division of 
Oxford Unhwiry Press is b leading publisher in 
the field sod has a reputation Tor its learners’ 
f tic t ja n a r ies. Anew post is being made to manage 
this dictionary list and to help a strong team 
identify and Fotfil new projects. The manager will 
develop new stress of business and will make an 
irsporzxnr ccanriburioD to ma rbli ng. . 

Applicants will be e x pec te d to demons trate 
mwtwn far t-ffe u iwe u eM of material they have 

published- They most have bad experience of 
managing large reference projects and of leading 
an editorial team. Knowledge of English 
Language Teaching would be very valuable. 

f** f ^ l j /7 

Because of the complex problems of today’s society the 
Police have an increasing need for highly qualified men and 

The ‘Graduate Entry Scheme’ is designed for people 
considered to have the potential for accelerated promotion to 
the rank of Inspector and beyond early in their career. 

You may apply if you are a graduate ' or in the final year 
of any full-time degree course. You must normally be under 
30 years of age and meel the physical requirements. 

To discover more about a Police career, and salary 
levels, contact your Careers Adviser or send in this coupon. 

But don't delay. Final closing date for applications is 
16rh January 1987. 

The job is bsscd in Oxford and carries a 
competitive salary pfr» car. 

Closing date is Friday 28 November. Apply in 
PW writing enclosing a brief typed C.V. to; 
Oxford DC Moody, UK Personnel Director, 
BngEsh Oxford University Press, 

Walton Str e e t, Oxford, OX2 6DP. 



Tii Sun. Andre* Jum BSc-.ftoum 553. Home Office, Queen Anar* Cjic. LonJon’WH’JW 
PIcJ-ic send me tour booklet un Careers for Graduate* m the Police. 

Medium msed trade publishing boose require an 
abfe and articulate advertisement sales executive 
with some commercial experience (though not 
necessarily in to work on our range of 

landing titles in the retail management and 
' p ro p erty sectors. 

Phase write to 

VU Th-grcr Cnnr« . 

F F I C E R 

T V«. 

Malcolm Cook 
'Newman Pu b lish in g, 
48 Poland St, 
London W1V 4PP 

A new key position 

Project Manager - Feed Additives 

Harefield, Middlesex Excellent package + car 

Glaxo Animal Health Limited ts an autonomous 
company within the Glaxo Group, responsible for the 
development, manufacture and marketing of the 
Group's ethical veterinary and industrial animal health 
products worldwide, it is a market-leader in the UK 
veterinary field and has an enviable reputation for 
quality and excellence. 

This vitally important new position will be responsible 
for taking our new feed additive products through their 
final development phase and then on to marketing 
throughout the key markets worldwide. 

The product area is completely novel and will be the 
first in a series of major feed additive product develop- 
ments already in the pipeline. 

The successful candidate will be expected to have 
a proven track record in marketing or product 
management of in-feed growth promoters or other 

feed additives. A formal qualification in nutrition/animal 
production/agriculture is desirable, but of greater 
importance w31 bea wide practical experience of pig 
production, particularly in terms of the pig feed 

As considerable travel is anticipated, at least one other 
European language would be preferred. 

Salary w31 be commensurate with experience and 
qualifications and is backed by generous benefits, 
including guaranteed annual bonus. Outer London 
Allowance, car, non-contributory pension scheme, 25 
days' holiday and relocation assistance if appropriate. 
Please send a detailed evto Mrs M A Model. Company 
Personnel Officer, Glaxo Animal Health Limited, 

Breaks pear Road South, Harefield, Uxbridge, 
Middlesex UB96LS. Telephone: Ruislip (0895) 


Animal Health Limited 


A Southern based 
manufacture of te 

committed to the 
y based building 

services products wish to appoint a Managing 
Director for one of its major divisions. 

The (fiveion manufactures and installs a wide 
range of proprietary products finked to environ- 
mental control in commer cia l and industrial 
applications. Substantial recent manufacturing 
and computer control investment is now 


The successful candidate must demonstrate a 
successful track record in engineering based 
manufacture, preferably in bufltSng services 
packages or components. 

\ •- 

A V - ' * 

vi Ur-; 


has an immediate opening for a 
specialised sales engineer in the new role of 

Remuneration package wiB commence at £35K 
including .ail normal group benefits and 
executive style car. 


Write in confidence in the first instance, to: 

based at our head office in Luxembourg 
and reporting to the Commercial Director. 

Paul Baytiss, quoting ref. B/3290, at 
Hugill & Company, Valley House, 
Crossbrook Street, Waltham Cross, 
Herts EN8 8JH 

From late 1988 SES's technical and commercial departments will be working 
closely with satellite television reception equipment manufacturers 
and distributors to ensure that the r e aso n ably-priced equipment is generally 
available at launch of the ASTRA satellite in 1988. 

The emphasis on helping the industry sell equipment coupled with intensive 
consumer marketing will be essential to trigger the installation of equipment 
in tens of millions of homes. 


■i Applicants most be experienced in marketing and sales via other 
companies on a European level, preferably m consumer electronics or a 
leisure-related hardware area. 

require a 


This exeitang project, based at Charterhouse in 
Godalming. offers residentials for inner city school 
children, youth and community groups. We need a 
person with experience of relating to all ages, able to 
co-ordinate a small team. Plenty of imagination, 
energy and a driving license essential This is a post 
which requires Che holder to work flexible hours. 

* Although industrial marketing is the prime focus of the role the successful 
candidate will have enough technical knowledge to be able to retain and 
communicate SES's equipment concepts to hardware companies' 
commercial staff 

The successful candidate wdl present himself well, will be eloquent and 
persuasive. He will possess perfect written and spoken English, and at least 
either French or German. 

Salary: £10366 - £12.156 

For further information and application form 
contact Charterhouae-in-Southwark, 40 Tabard 
Street. London SEl 4JU. Tel: (01) 407 1123. 

Closing d pi? for completed application forms: 
2 . 12 * 6 . 

Charterhouse- in -Southwark has as anti- Racist 
Policy and «i™ to be an equal oppo r tu n ities 

Please apply 
in writing to , 

Personnel Department 
. 63. avenue de la Liberie 
N Box 1781 

Ik L-1931 Luxembourg 



B your career is at a dead end and you are considering a 
change 01 (fraction this could be the opportunity you are 
looking tor. 

OpponunitfBS exist tor seif assured people with ability and 
buanass acumen to tram for caeer within the financial 
sendees industry. 

Exciting opportunities for persona) success and career 
development bib linked with excellent framing and the pros- 
pect of a vary high Income. 

Without obligation, find out about our (fraction. 

Required by rapidly expanding Company based in the City of London. 
Age 28-35. Must be a highly energetic self-starter. This is a career 
appointment offering excement remuneration package and opportunity 
for advancement. 

Pfease write In strict confidence to: Robin Bennett 

Directorship Appointments Ltd., 

7 Cavendish Square, London W1M 9HA 

Please phone 
Anthony Etkind on 
01-631 1618 

(London & Hone Counties Ofty) 







■ OrwIStirftfo tap Boafiawt near sd i etxaB 


DTttatitics Group AppboainiiE or wei- 
xr. martial Halm. tihtac origin or 

wMfrM tihqwhtofcanyawd — mOt s g 
*daoge to ftad the right podnoc. qnidfy «afl 

p afeaie idfi tiwxighiieie ef i wlhiri ' 
jcfa na ite L 

CoasdbnqFDoxiieeohsMtaiiitnoar P 
cfienn whose out of wart L 

TeLRkhard Pardey 01-434 Kill 

Punier House, 77 (bfem Sufi, MR 1RB. 

- r 






Graduating in *87? 


A dynamic group of highly successful 
businesses... A broad range of diverse interests 
which stretch way beyond the traditional 
bounds of banking and finance . . . 

This is the Midland Group of today. With 
exciting career programmes for graduates, 
based around opportunities in management 
broking, sales, marketing, dealing, investment 
computing, finance, retailing, and other key 

An environment where merit is quickly 
recognised and rewarded. 

With companies like Forward Trust which 
sells leasing and factoring to industry, and saving 
schemes to individuals; Investment Banking 
combining established skills in merchant banking 
with stockbroking expertise and experience; 

Thomas Cook, the travel company; Clydesdale 
and Northern, the Group’s Scottish and Irish 
banks; International Banking dealing with 
clients worldwide; Corporate Banking serving 
major businesses; Group Management Services 
which provides a massive resource of TT and 
computing skills; and of course Midland the 
high-street bank - each looking to tum today’s 
top graduates into tomorrow’s top managers. 

With all these successful businesses to 

Midland Group 

choose from, career development possibilities 
are outstanding. Throughout our activities we 
look for the best talent, and opportunities are 
usually open to good honours graduates m any 
discipline, although for some specific roles we 
do look for an appropriate degree. - 

The Midland Group brochures, with details 
of all training and career opportunities, are 
available from your careers office, along with a 
special graduate video and information about our 
programme of university and polytechnic visits. 

Alternatively, you can write for details, 
stating any preferred sector/function if known, to: 
The Manager (TT), Midland Group Recruitment 
and Development Office, Buchanan House, 
24-30 Holbom, London EC1N 2HY. 


Clinical Expertise + 
Commercial Aptitude 

A challenging role for a marketing 
minded practitioner 

Bridging the gnp between medical science and hard 
commerriaf reality is no easy task and this appointment 
wiU provide an exceptionally attractive career 
opportunity to a medical practitioner who is keen to 
move into a challenging and competitive commercial 

Our client a major international, research based, 
pharmaceutical company, markets a wide range or high 
quality ethical products having applications throughout 
the held or psych iany. cancer chemotherapy and 
smoking cessation. At its UK marketing headquarters 
situated in the Home Counties, a Medical Adviser is 
now to be appointed to be responsible to the Managing 
Director for all matters relating to phase two. three and 
four clinical trials on company products. This will in' 
volve the design, initiation, co-ordination and analysis 
of trials; preparing and controlling trial budgets: 
checking of all promotional copy and providing 
technical advice to customers and company stall. There 
will be considerable contact with doctors and con- 
sultants and extensive travel in the UK will be necessary. 

it's a role calling fora man or woman aged 55-45 with 
a DHSS recognised medical qualification and ideally a 

strength In psychiatric or cancer therapy. A high level 
of professional credibility is essential as are com- 
munication skills, flexibility and sound commercial 
awareness. Experience of clinical trials is particularly 
desirable, together with the ability to make an 
immediate and positive contribution to the work of this 
fast growing company. 

Salary will be highly competitive and a generous 
benefits package includes pension and tile assurance 
schemes, free family BUPA, 20 days' holiday and 
assistance with relocation, where appropriate. AcarwiU 
also be provided to help you cany out your duties. 

Austin Knight Selection have been retained to 
handle mitral applications. Please telephone Neil 
Sampson, Consultant, for an informal discussion on 
Welwyn (D43871) 6875 until 7.00 pm or (0672) 54013 
at weekends. Alternatively, write to him at Austin 
Knight Selection. 22 Prospect Place, Welwyn, Hem 
quoting ref AC K/ 197. 






Reigate, Surrey 

up to £18,500 

Constant demand for excellence and innovation has created a rare, 
opportunity to join one of the UK's most successful insurance companies. 
Your key objective will be to establish successfully Crusader as a quality 
provider of wideremging insurance services for its fast developing 
selection of unit linked ana unit trust products. 

To provide co-ordinated and on-going marketing support on 
investments, both in-house and to our intermediaries, you should have 
the ability to communicate and write copy with Bair and imagination on 
investment related matters, have a basic experience in stocks & shares 
(preferably within a unit linked/unif trust environment), and have above 
average numeracy. 

Along with a salary of up to £1 8,500, our benefits package will reflect the 
importance we attach to this position. 

To apply, please write in confidence, enclosing a detailed cv, to John Henney, 
Personnel Department Gusoder insurance pk^ Reigate, Surrey, RH2 8BL 

Insurance pic 


Casio Electronics, the successful brand leader in 
consumer electronic products is a well established multi- 
national Company with an enviable growth record and 
reputation for producing innovative, quality products. 

We now wish to augment our Sales Force and have 
SEVERAL KEY opportunities available for highly motivated 
individuals seeking a fresh challenge in a secure, exciting and - 
professional sales environment 
Applicants (M or F) should have completed a formal Sales 
Training programme with a major F.M.C.G. company, be able 
to demonstrate proven, success in their career to date, and 
must be eager for further success in 1987. 

Major Account Manager— Based M25 corridor 

• Aged 28 to 38 years old 

• Experienced in selling to major HIGH STREET multiples 

• Ability to negotiate at (he highest level 

• Believe in customer service and business building 

• Dedicated and self motivated with a desire to achieve 
results through new and existing distribution channels 

Regional Sales Manager- Based M25 corridor 

• Aged 28 to 35 years old 

• A successful sales record and ability to lead from “The 

• Currently employed in a similar positi on with a Blue Chip 

• Proven man management, training and communication skills 

• Self motivated, seeking real responsibility and rewards ro 

Sales Executives— Based M25 corridor, Kent, 
Avon and Manchester 

• Aged 25 to 35 years old 

• Solid background with proven success in selling to 
Independent Retailers, preferably in F.M.C.G., Jewellery, 
Gift, or consumer electronics trades 

• Enthusiastic, self disciplined, with real sales talent and 
the desire to win 

The Rewards 

SUBSTANTIAL INCOMES for each position are fully 
negotiable to include HlG H BASIC SALARY plus 
MONTHLY BONUS, based on achievements. We believe 
our package will not disappoint the professionals we wish to 

In addition to substantial incomes ail successful 
applicants will enjoy: - 

• Additional Bales incentives 

• High job satisfaction with real responsibility 

• A secure future in a growth industry 

• Continuous training 

• Quality car 

• Non-Contributory Pension and Life Assurance scheme . 

• Free BUPA [including Famil y) 

If you want to become part of a winning team telephone 
Sam Lyle— National Sales Manager on 01-450 9131 
(reverse charges! to arrange an interview or write giving 
fill I details of your career to date. 



Unit ti. 1000 North Circular Road, London NW2 7JR. 


A5parr of our forward planning policy we are estabfahingand training people NOW 
who we would expect to scaur senior management positions in die Company or 
Group wen before 2000. 

Our current need is for a PA. to our over-stretched Group Production Director. A 
Manaeemeni/Business Graduate with anineemjg bias or Eamneoiag Graduate 
with formal Business and Management training would be a prone contender. We . 
would ako expect experience uj mass modufition and op e ra tion in a “HOT 

• ■C.r'V 

»'■■■ -Ji 

You may be in the wrong job. have unfulfilled ambitions or have been made redundant Our individually tailored, 
guaranteed programme for senior executives will ensure that you attain your career objectives quickly. Tq arrange a 
free, confidential discussion telephone 01-631-1119 

ifaffttstiue firrisn 

37 Queen Anne Street,. London W1M Oft? 

We ne ed a competent communicator hut not “a talker.” The need in do mdJ and to 
paramount. This is an excdlenr devdoptnenr opportunity for a dedi c a t ed. 

The Company, part of an International Group is a long established prog re s si ve 
organisation with interests World Wide. The Headquarters location is in the Cms- 
orCirLil fe jy fagL will include' o competitive salary. BUPA, relocation and 

RAF^mcm CARE&& 

These are dozens of different 
caicos avaflaWs is the RAF right 
non; if you would enjoy doing a 

careen but is also absolutely vial to 

the defence of Britain and out NATO 

The RAF needs quick-witted in- 

ter s W U p who win enjoy working as a 
team while remaining expert in their 

own field. 


jot as tittle as three years in the 
gr p qny* Branches. Bui from Aircrew, 

we expect aUeast five yeartfF*oduc- 

tiro service. Ctt costs over one miflian 
pmrorifc to train one POoL) Longer 

%ur 'easterners' vrZ 
heavy transports to 
and the insaracsccs p- vj* 

S ensure that txf epp* 
and efficiently b? day as- ay ® 

aD weaker 

%u may Sot ytxcseff 
civilian air caffir co-tollers, 
ensuring the **& sot safe flaw o! 
both fflferazy and ewiar. aa : na~j& 
Air Traffic Control is a challenging 
and fascinating ask where no rwa 

days are ever the same 

Ageoa entry ncuroaUy up to o& 


With the exc eption of Aircrew, 


ft takes two to fly a Tbmada The 
Pika concentrates on getting where 
yotfte going fast The Navigator 
rymraniTBTtjB on what you're doing, 

the Electronic Counter Measures 
yotffl need Together: you mate the 
Tbmado one of the roost effective 
weapons in NATO's vital front-line 

If you already know something 
about Hying tfaate greet If you dorrt, 
vrefll teach yon everything you need ■ 
to know for your part intheTbrnadoh 

Fbr instance, well take a Mot 
from flying a Chipmunk on to a Jet 
Provost Then to a Hawk and on to 
a Tbmado GR1 travelling at 510 mph 

lb apply to join the RAF as a Pilot 
or Navigator you must be at least 17. 
The upper age hunt far Pilots anentry 
is 24, and for Navigators 2B 

Become the eyes and ears of 
Britain*, first tine of defence Ycwt il 
lead a team whose job is to identity 
and monitor every aircraft m tile 
sector for witida it rs responsible 
If potential!? hostile or umtiesti- 

giveour interceptor aircraft tbeoxder 
to scramble and you will guide our 

aircraft onto the target 

■YbtiTl be m charge of highly 
advanced radars and computers, 
operating from the air or Lorn the 
ground and sacking any air threat 
from tow-flying aircraft to satellites. 

"fou may also be given the highly 
specistised training required to 

. _ • i ~ - • — AwirenrtiJn ' 

If you've an interest in the very 
latest technology; weU give yon the 
chance to work with some of the 
hardware and software and radar 
systems. Our computer-driven 
mobile radar system, tor example, 
provides high-speed identification 
tfnruugh the use of solid-state and 
30 techniques with phased array 
aerials and has a self-diagnosing 
fa alt tracer. 

Prom telecommunications and 
ground-based navigational aid to 
airborne early warning and satellite 
r-rnrrrniimcCTtto ns. the RAF relies an 
its Electronic Eng meets to make 
sure that all our hardware and soft- 
ware remains the state-of-the-art - 

Age cm entry op to 39. 


You will be lespoteibte far 
RAF airfietfd at home or abroad, or ar 
an area radar unit with control over 
large eaeas of the United Kingrlorn- 

sophisticaied software which is the 
heart trf our air defence system. 

Age on entry normally up to 30. 


The mam requirement in the 
Education Specialisation is for 
graduates in engineering math- 
ematics, physics and computer 
science, preferably with a post- 
graduate certificate in Education or 
with some teaching experience. But 
we can also teach you how to teach. 

Other degrees wdl also be 
considered, particularly foreign 

The job is to keep our key 
personnel up to date with the latest 
advances in electronics, computer 
technology; radar and electrical 
engineering YbuT help to construct 
and manage training programmes 
and teach m some of the best 
equipped training schools in the 
country with students who aieeager 

Age on entry up to 39. 


The qualifications needed to join 
the RAF vary according to the 
Branch m which you are interested 
ftnm a few 'O' levels up to a uni- 
versity degree. 

If you are studying far K levels 
or planning to go to university; ask 
ns about RAF Sponsorships. 

Tbfindom more, caflmat any RAF 
Careers Information Office Cm the 
Phonebook under Royal Air Force) or 
write to Group Captain Paul Tbrrett 
OBE. at (DQ Offices Careers 
(09/10/Hl Stanmare HA? 4PZ, giving 
your date of birth and your present 



at the U.K. head office in Middesex. 
Every incentive wi« be offered to high 
achievers, andsuccessful candidates 
w0 be offered an eacdtert nemorera- 
fon package m accorclance iwtfi the 
importance of the position Based on 
an achievable quota, oivtarget 
earring; be in excess of £35,000 

PA and wfll indude baste salary of 
up tollSiOOO PA, a generous 
Biarantee and a choice of company 
car. In addition there are the usual 1 
fringe benefits associated with a big 
multi-national company 

For more information about these 
ground floor career opportunities 
please telephone Dominic Okfoam 
or send CV in complete confidence to: 



London WlR 5DA. Tfefc 0W3744SI 

Cv. with foil detail to T.W. Foxm, Personnel Manager, Bensons Brimscombe, 
rromesoe Bnmscombe, Simid, GJos. 






formation System 



^ * 


Ki 1 :; 

. ST. ' . 


appointment of director 

Secretary of State for Scotland announced 
ms intention r»f *«« i- -• r> i_ 

d„ p u U 7 mu* a new insniute to oe locaxea ax 

T an^ S T? rn ’xA^ er ^ eeiL ft will be known as The Macaulay 
T*nd Use Research Institute. 

2?5k r t S e ” llg Committee set up to have oversight of the 
esiaoHsiiment of the new Institute now invites applications 

Abe dee* X>St Erector, which will he based in 

The appointment is at Grade 4 of the Open Structure of the 
Civil Service. The starting salary is £28,975 rising to £30,475 
per annum. There is a non-contributory pension scheme. 

The Institute will be an equal opportunity employer. 

Further particulars can be obtained from: 

The Secretary, 

The Macaulay Land 'Use Research 
Institute Steering Committee, 
c/o Department of Agriculture and 
Fisheries for Scotland, 

Room 612, Chesser House, Gorgie Road, 
Edinburgh EH11 3AW. 

Closing date 31 December, 1986. 

Business Manager 

c£30k + car 

Management skills gained in a high technology environment and 
experience of controlling major development and manufacturing 
contracts are the essential requirements to lead a highly successful 
organisation as it continues to expand. 

You will have responsibility for 800 engineering and support staff, 
and be particularly involved in preparing bid proposals, negotiating with 
the MoD and producing leading edge systems to stringent time, pst and 
quality standards. 

Based in the Northern Home Counties, our client is amongst the 
most prestigious of British companies and a significant force in the 
country's export drive. L) 

This challenging opportunity attracts a negotiable salary around 
£30,000 plus a comprehensive benefits package which includes a car and 
assistance with relocation costs where appropriate. 

In the first instance, please write in the strictest confidence to 
Jerry Wright, Grosvenor Page Management Selection. Kingsbury House, 

6 Sheet Street, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1 BG. 

Please quote reference WGP8609. 


Management Selection 

. \JihsviiCx»iinhtmcyGn>upPl£ 

Market Development Manager 

New Communications Projects in a Fast-Moving Environment 

Central London Neg. to £22,000 

An exciting opportunity hc«onsen within the 
Vfabe Added Systems and Services Division of 
British Telecom Enterprises for a young, dynamic 
entrepreneur to investigate and develop new 

martets within the value added networks area - 

initially with on emphas’s on community 

aPPfi ^Sdidafe should «teo»y hove a business 
=e combined with at least 2 years' 
rienee in marketing/busines development. 

A high level of creativity ond an cbflity to 

operate effectively with minfroaj supervision is 

essential Previous exposure to the 

age range 25-30, wffl Join oyoung professional 
team involved in o range of diveriification 
projects in growth markets. 

Starting salary is negotiable within the range 
£1 8,000 to £22,000 according to experience, and 
we offer o range of attractive benefits plus 
excellent career development prospects. 

Please write with full details to: 

MrsT McCartney, Value AddedSystems 
and Services, Wellington House, 

6/9 Upper St. Martin's Lane, London WC2H 9DL 
British Telecom son-equal opportunity 



A school leaver 

with a minimum two ‘A’ levels, 
wpII cnokea, non-smoker to join a 
voungtesa^ of Uoyds underwriters 
^ in a fast moving and exciting 
environment with good Career 
prospects. £5,500 + excellent 
v package. 

Ring Mis on 

01 481 1111- 


The Institute will be funded by the Department of Agricul- 
mre ana Fisheries for Scotland within the Agricultural and 
rooa Research Service. It will conduct a programme of re- 
se ^ rc j on a Sricultural and related land uses in the hills, 
uplands and marginal areas of Britain. There will be a par- 
ticular emphasis on interactions and systems development, 
t°L? S *° P rov *^ e *b e basis for resource management decisions 
taking account of environmental, economic and social inter- 
relationships. In addition, the Institute will characterise the 
soil resources of lowland Scotland. The Institute will be 
expected to collaborate closely with a range of other research 
organisations and to seek appropriate contract research. 

Candidates for this challenging post should have an excellent 
record of relevant scientific achievement and the capability 
to manage an organisation of around 300 staff who are cur- 
rently based at Edinburgh and Aberdeen. Initial responsib- 
ilities will include the development of the new Institute’s 
research programme, the seeking and exploitation of collabo- 
rative links with other research organisations, and the 
planning of the new site on which the Institute will be 

Applications are invited from professionally 
qualified persons for the part-time post of 


of the Woodard Corporation, si succession to Mr A Si 
J. Davies win retires on 30 July 1987, Further details 
and application form may be obtained from: 

Brigadier NJt. Sturt. 14A The Square, Shrewsbury. SY1 
1LN. Tet 0743 56038. to whom applications should be 
sard. Ay 5 December 1986. 

Honours Graduates 


If you are looking for a fresh challenge, have you considered 
a career as a lax Inspector? Your education will be used in an 
environment where, with intensive craining, you will develop che 
skills of a lawyer: advocate, accountant. Investigator, negotiator and 
manager. Within a few months you can expea to be handling your 
own casework, involving many face-co-faoe interviews. After four 
years you can expect, subject to successful progress, your first 
promotion and in due course you should be running your own 
Tax District. 

Qualifications: under 36 and a First or Second class honours 
degree in any subject or an acceptable equivalent qualification. Final 
Year Students may apply. 

Starting salary: according to qualifications and experience 
from £7320 to £9450 for those aged under 26 and from £10,140 to 
£11,570 for chose 26 and over. If you fulfil your promise, you should 
be earning at least £10345 after 2 years, and. 2 years later; you 
should be on a scale rising from £15,815 to £19,465. Later there is 
the prospea of advancement to a scale rising to £24,300. Beyond 
this there are opportunities for further promotion co che most 
senior grades in the Civil Service: SALARIES HIGHER IN LONDON 
(£1465, £840 or £615 according to location). Training can usually 
begin ar an office in che area of your choice. 

To find out more and for an application form, write 
to Civil Service Commission, Alencon Link. Basingstoke. 

Hants RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). 

Please quote ref: A87/320/133. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 


. hx.- 
I rose 
ih in 
f the 
im 7 
es is 

d io 













psychologists in the UK. We provide con sult a n c y 
w v ice s, mm g esnca l i ninm g mJ ncoiparionai 
tests to over 500 of the UKb major companies ZD d 
to the public secure. We h*we the fbD owing 

M twtr hi^i nfiir* in F-Apt, 


im piemen! and coordinate SH Li promotional 
activities including Caking enquiries, production 
ofmsrketing lneraiure,pacfcagiiigor new 

products, exhibition attendance, market research 
and maintaining internal diem records. 

The successful applicant is likely to have an HN D 
or degree md experien ce in a mar k e t in g and/or 
sales e nvi ronm ent, indurfmg dieni rantart- A 

knowledge of prodncnoD and prin ting of quality 
marketing literature would be advantageous. 

l/ftfl ll-ln ama fh> A Hmminra tinn Manager in 
ensuring che efficient operation of the 
administrative functions. Responsibilities include 
office maintenance, coordination of work Sow, 
[Office purchasing budgets, some 
administration and reanhment. 

_ __fsa*d organising office systems, preferably in a 
busy commercial environment. A knowledge of 
personnel records would be an advantage. 

For further tletails and an app li cat ion f orm, 

contort Lomitt Barra at SQL 


Senior Instrument Engineer vi 

Power Plants >1 

Foster Wheeler E nervy Limited are established 
as one of the leading engineering contractors, 
wnh d specialist div ision providing engineering, 
design and construction expertise to the power 
industry. The division is particularly concerned 
with industrial and utility electrii power 
generating plants based on coal. oil. gas and 
marginal fuels and industrial and municipal 
combined heat and power plants. 

The position ofSenior Engineer, to take 
charge of Instrument Engineering has arisen 
within this divisiun. It will provide the 
opportunity to become totally involved in all 
phases of engineering including i he prep jmuon 
or proposals, feasibility studies and conceptual 
designs, detailed plant and systems engineering, 
and equipment and vendor specification. 

Candidates should have a degree or 
equivalent qualification ma relevant 
engineering subject Substantial instrument 
engineering experience relating to the power 

industry is essential and experience in specifying 
designs and components of plunk and the 
creation of integrated systems is necessary. 

Based in Reading, with excellent road and 
rail links. Foster Wheeler Energy Limited enjoys 
a first-class working environment. The attractive 
local countryside coupled with the region's 
sound economy and close proximity to London 
aho makes Reading an ideal place to live. As you 
could expect ofan inienuiionullv influential 
organisation. Foster Wheeler oilers both an 
excellent salary, and benefits package which 
includes pension and life assurance scheme and 
excellent social and spurting facilities. 

To find out more about this outstanding 
opportunity please write with full career details 
to: Susan Smith. Personnel Department. 

Foster Wheeler Energy Limited. 

Foster Wheeler House. Station Road. Reading. 
Berkshire RGI 1L\. or phone for an application 
form on Reading iU 7 .U) 5S52H F.xt. 235^ 

Foster Wheeler Energy Limited 


on Ether (0372) 68634 or write to 
Seville &Holdszoorth Ltd, The Old Post House, 

81 High Street, Esher, Surrey, KT 10 9QA. 

Please quote ref. TI3U / V 



The Ftenguin Group of publishing companies 
seeks a Fteraonnel Manager to join its extremely 
busy Personnel Department 
The role is that of a generalist who is prepared 
to tackle all aspects of personnel, welfare, 
administration, industrial relations, and other areas 
associated with the personnel function. 

Applicants must be prepared to work under intense 
pressure and should be accustomed to working in 
a demanding atmosphere. 

The position is based at Harmondsworth (opposite 
Heathrow) although the successful applicant will 
also be expected to work regularly from our 
offices in Kensington. 

An attractive remuneration package including 
competitive salary, company car, 5 weeks' holiday 
and other benefits is offered. 

Applications in writing to: 

John Broom, 

Group Personnel Director, 

The Pengun Group, 

Bath Road, 


Middlesex US70DA. 



American Ratio Station, Munich has a 
vacancy fora 

Translator/ Analyst 

to review, translate and report on broad- 
cast programs. 

Requirements: Excellent knowledge of 
Pashto, Dari, and Tajik; Russian desirable. 
Fluent English, broad knowledge of central 
political, economic, and soda! affairs. 

Please submit your written application to: 

RFE/RL, Inc. personnel department, 
Oecdngenstr. 67, D-8000 Miinchen 22 


BAKER STREET £25,000 to £50,000 

This position has been created for a 
young and successful 
Saies/Marketing Manager who is 
looking to enhance his prospects by 
taking a career path which leads to 
Sales/ Marketing Director before 
1 987-end - ideally suiting a leader 
with first-hand sales experience in 
Europe and a graduate who chose 
his/her degree{s) in line with an 
ambition to be a Senior General 
Manager before the age of 35. A 
knowledge of French and German 
would be useful. 

Interested candidates should 
contact Greg Rees. Client Advisor, 
on 01-258 3621. Ref: G4I04. 

Are you earning £20,000 — £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught’s cfiscreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 


32 Savile Row, London, W1 
■The Executive Job Search Professionals! 


AGE 22 • 28 WEST 10ND0N 

You should have at least one 'A' level 
and want a chance to prove what you 
can do - given the opportunity. 

We sell a proven recruitment service to 
Service Managers in industry. 

A basic salary is guaranteed. 

Please write or telephone Colin Arnold 
for an application form: 

Colin Arnold 


Beech wood Recruitment Limited 

221 High Street 


Tel: 01-992 8647 



Executive Facilities (Marketing) Lid. 

Clive House. 21 A Conduit Place. 

London WJ IHS. 

An CT pa ndhg rnffi QtQfatv spedajfet food rauup seeks two ax- 
J 1 Fresh Food uni Sroch 

Sams uangera far the* 

The Fresh Food Company requires a MgMy motiv a ted hOMduaf 

capute of reauang ms trartw a sate 
existing buamess Si Lonoons haws cuts ana nsairan. 

The Snack Food Company requwes an experienced Sales Man- 
ager to conwwe am ewano *s easing ran saces operation n 
London and me Home Courses. 

Bom posMon s bold dfiectorcftp potent ia l and only agpB m nt s 
wrm a proven track record end a nkyi degree of 
need apply. 

Ttit Hr Mfffc Leetfn 01 703 7031. 


required tor fuM time positions within the Champneys 

Set in 170 acres of beautiful parkland this intEmalionaJly 
renowned Health Resort is host to people from all over the 

The Champneys Group is fully committed to all aspects of 

positive health and positive bvmg. 

The duties wHI include fitness assessment and involvement 
m our varied exercise programme and sporting fatalities. 

Candidates should hold a Physical Education/S ports 
Science Degree or other recognised auahticawms lor this 
position. Experience within a Health CM) or gymnasium 
wouM be an advantage. Non-smoker. 

For further information please contact John Bnckell. The 
Dia moneys Group limned, Farhefd House. Chesham Road. 
Vwggmton. Tnng, Hertfordshire HP23 6JD. 

Whether yon are xeefap araXher job or tionsadernK a new 
carver. <*e on provide you wxtiedecdvrxnd profess* mi help. 

fna senna: is odor-made u> you needs and arcumstaices. 
Wnhcrtverage at both advertised aid imatfvenised vacancies, 
we am for more success -> m less time aid at less cost 

For a free, oxrfidefimi dsossion. Semnr Exeamves home 
nr xbned are tovged to contact tftecr tocaf orfice- 

Mainland Executive Senices 

W ugnnanf Support W et WOffc 

Loafed 01-353 MOO SalisburrSq. Ho., EC4 

Mancbcsier 0 &- 8 M SS 2 S i 8 i 

Leeds 0532-46*7424 2 Oxford Row. LSI 3BE 
EcSaborgb 631-226 2830 /« Mam 

. mot Place, EH3 7DX 

Bristol 0272-277041 9 Small Sum, 8SI IOB 


* Get to the unadvertised job market in 
less time and at a lower cosL 

* Frequent sessions with Counsellors from 
varied disciplines and with wide contacts 
will accelerate your final placement. 

We ore a highly mature and professional team. 

Tel: 0753-950185 for a confidential taifc 
Providence Boose, River Street, Windsor. 

Berks SL4 IQT 




The South of the County (Courts. Police Process Office) is already computerised 
and the system is to be extended throughout the County using a Burroughs A3 
Central Processor. 

The Computer Services Officer (based at Southend but highly mobile) is the 
specialist adviser and has responsibility for implementing the computer system to 
the satisfaction of all users. 

Applicants must have computer know-how and management skills co liaise and 
negotiate with suppliers, to prepare and keep to budgets and to write and present 
reports to die Committee. They must like people as well as machines and be able 
to listen, inform and persuade. 

A generous package of relocation expenses (up to £3000) is payable in 
approved cases. 

People who think their knowledge, experience and qualities match the demands 
are invited first to talk informally with Carol Bell (who has been associated with the 
project since its inception) on Chelmsford (0245) 267222. ext. 2569, by 
29th November — but do so soon. 



m • •! t ; ci AY imHii 


Heidrick & Struggles is one of the 
leading international executive sear- 
ch consultancies. Continued rapid 
growth means we need a bright, com- 
mercially aware, self-confident per- 
son to join a small team involved in 
the search for top executives. 

The work requires a disciplined ap- 
proach, strong interpersonal skills 
and a sound knowledge of how busi- 
ness and industry operates. A good 
first degree is essential An MBA or 
international experience an advan- 
tage. Languages highly desirable. Pre- 
ferred age 2532. 

Please write with full details to: 

Lucinda Parker, 
Heidrick & Struggles 

25-28 Old Burlington Street, 
London. W1X 2BD. 


Two new posts have been created in the Sec- 
retariat of this registered charity. Applicants 
should have some technical knowledge of energy 
matters and should be accustomed to committee 


To deveJope the public information role. 


To provide assistance to specialist committees. 
The posts are likely to be suitable for graduates 
with some relevant experience. - 

For further information contact The Secretary, 
Watt Committe. Savoy Hill House, London WC2R 
QBU. Telephone: 01-379 6875. 






Television News 
Television Centre 

We are k»kmg for experienced journalists to join the 
teams of writers responsible for toe One OXXockNews, 
the Six OXZfock News andtiie Nine OX)tock News and 
other daily and weekly news-associated programmes 
such as Newsnightand Breakfast Time. 

The ability to write with accuracy, speed and skM under 
pressure is essential whilst television or radio experience 
would be useful. 

Salary: £11,492— £15,805*. 

Based West London. (Ref. 1273/T) 



Radio Lincolnshire 
(based Skegness) 

£10,412— £14,725** 

An opportunity for an experienced journalist with Radio 
Lincolnshire to cower the Lincolnshire coast and the 

Wolds. YouH need initiative and enthusiasm and the abiity 
to come up with ofNtary news stories, handle pubic 
relations, help organise general programmes and get 
involved in all aspects oflife in the area 

Working from an office in the hofiday resort of 

Skegness, the patch also includes the other main 

Lincolnshire resorts of MaHethorpe and Sutton on Sea, 
the markettownsof Homcastie, Spfisby and Louth. 

it’s a big area to cover — and we prtwide a car to help 
you get around. It will mean working oft yourown a great 
deal and occasionally at weekends and in the evenings. 

Good microphone voice and current driving Bcence . 
essential. (Ref.2860/T) 

Our company offers a multi-lmme service to Esme 
Agents ami over the past few months ii has expanded 

To assist os we now need to appoint a key sales 
executive to work in our sales team. 

If you am die sales professional we are tooting for 
you will be well educated, of smart appearance, effer- 
vescent personality, have at least two yean -proven 
direct sales success and preferably but not essentially 
have a sound knowledge of the estate agpncy world. 

In return yon can expect to be rewarded with a very 
good basic salary plus commission and a comfort- 
able, friendly but busy working environment. 

To apply telephone 

Peter Lukas on 01-581 5354 


The Goverwts of MDion Abbey School invite apphca- 

tioos for tbe post of head from 1st September 19*7 
replacing Mr Simon HaH elected to tbe w mn tenship of 
Gieaalmood College. 

Founded in 1954 MD ion Abbey is the boarding school for 
280 boys aged 13-18. Details of the appointment and an 
application form may be obtained from: 

The Secretary to the Governers 
Milton Abbey School 
Dorset DTI I OBZ. 

App lications dose on 16th January 1987 


gears’ journalistic experienced If so, Radio Shropshire has 

Radio Shropshire 
(one year contract) 
£8,954— £11,110* 

a vacancy that may interest you. The work Is primarily 
reporting, interviewing, bufietfa writing and newsreaaing. 
Good mfciophone voice and current driving licence 

Based Shrewsbury. (Ref.2B48/T) 

We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

Bekxatkw expenses corakiered for permanent posts. 

**PJusan aHowanceof £1/120 pja. 

*Plusan affovrance of £587pjk 

Contact us Immediately for appfcatton form (quote 
appropriate ret. and enclose BBC Appofatetente, 

London W1A1AA. TbL 01-927 5739L 

Tha abova are soma ol the 1 GO or so vacancies vm are aware of 
up and down the country. 

For dbcunkm in Total Confidence about your next career move 

0273 552083 

{9am - 
(7pm - 

ARL, Rnance Recruitment, Hove Park MansiORS, 
How Park VBaa, Hove, Sussex, BN3 6HW. 

Ref Nr- 8611/J 



City Based 


force in the leisure industry as well as being 
one of the UK’s leading brewers. Current 
turnover is £1.5 billion with record profits 
reflecting the commercial success of obis 
expanding, entrepreneurial group. 

A creative specialist is required to join a 
computer audit team engaged in wide 
ranging operational reviews and to further 
enhance the effective and efficient use of the 
company's sophisticated IBM technology. 
Assignments will include consultancy and 
operational reviews mainly in the 
UK with opportunities for travel m 

Europe and the USA- Propects wifi 

limited by the aspirations and potential of the 

individual, but promotion outside the 
department is likely within 2 ycats. This is a 
high profile portion and an exceOentrourc 

onro a fast trackcareerwith this dynamic and 

exciting business. 

Ifyxjuhav^twdvre or irrorc months' osnpurer 
audit experience in practice, consultancy or 

industry and believe you haste the poaemtial 

our client requires, please concacx 
Tim Fotster on 01-831 2000orwriteto 
him at39-41 Paricer Street. 
London WC2B5LH. 

Michael Page Partnership 

Intematiunal Recruitment Consultants ,, ^ 

London Windsor Brstol Birmingham Nottingham Manchester Leeds Glasgow 
Attienikr of Addison CxmsidumyGrwpPLC 



Zimmer Ltd ore a world leader for C>lfK 3 paedfc/ENT/Pladic Surgery end olher 
patient care related products. Due to expansion and internal promotions they wish I o 
appoint several high calibre, professional sales executives forthe following divisions:- 


These positions will be of particular interest to candidates aged 22-40 with an 
excellent track record in sales, preferably within the Health Cornfield. These are 
prestigious appointments which wHI enable the successful applicants to realise an 
earnings potential based on achievement 



pg^gSSS^i JS-fi 

For further details contact 


01-242 4266 or 01-831 6471 






Asuccessor issougfrtfor the present Secretary, Mt 
Brian Rusbridge. wbo retires in September 1 987. 

The Local Authorities Conditions of Service 
Advisory Board provides a common secretariat 
for the employers' sides of the 40 different 
bodies who negotiate the national pay scales and 
conditions for over 2 million local authority 
employees in England and Wales. These include 
manual workers, administrative, professional and 
technical staff, teachers, policemen, firemen and 
probation officers as well as those employed by 
municipal airports, new towns and development 

The Secretary is the head of the Board's fan time 
organisation, and exercises overall direction and 
control ova- the work at the Secretariat's BO 
staff. This involves actively participating in major 
negotiations. The job cafls for exceptional diplo- 
macy andawrdinkingslalls, backed by an ability 
to handle a great deal of detailed information and 
a higi degree of mental and physical stamina. 

Applications are invited from people who 
have extensive experience at the highest 
level of large scale collective bargaining, 
either in the puttie or private sectors. Salary 
will be £50,000 per annum, plus benefits. 

Applications should arrive no later than Wednesday 26th November and should be addressed to: 

Michael Brandon, Director, Public Sector. Division, 

Korn/Ferry International Ltd., 31 St James’ Square, London SW2Y Telephone 01 930 4334. 

The Local Authorities Conditions of 
Service Advisory Board . 

AP/DJ TELERATE are international leaders in the provision of on-line financial information lo 
banks, brokers and dealers. In this fast expanding market we are searching for a talented PR all- 
rounder to develop our press and public relations activities. 

The successful candidate must be able to demonstrate an excellent track record including proven 
creative writing abilities, experience in dealing with media and management of 
exhibitions/conferences. Knowledge of the financial markets and contacts with 

City journalists is essential. 

Confidence and credibility are fundamental to the role which we consider will have been gained 
during several years in a public relations environment. 

City based, we offer a competitive salary with normal big company benefits. 

If you are interested, we would welcome the opportunity of discussing the situation further. Please 
reply enclosing full CV and stating present salary to: 

Tbe Personnel Manager, 

Interflnet (UK) Limited Winchmore House, 
12/15 Fetter Lane, London EC4A 1BR 


Due to the continued growth of our newspapers, 
we are expanding our Classified Telephone Sales Team 
and are looking for bright, enthusiastic, self-motivated 

Sales people. 

The required qualifications are a good level of education 
and the ability to type. 

Ideally you will live within easy reach of London 
and be aged under 35 years. 

If you have what we are looking for, 

you shall be rewarded with an excellent starting salary plus bonus scheme, 
generous holiday entitlement and excellent benefits. 


Please telephone now: 

/nMES Patricia Moore 
01 822 9342 







C. Howard & Partneis Ltd have 
an immediate need for financial 
consultants to service the rapidly 
developing school fee planning 
market in their London and 
provincial offices. 

The importance of these 
positions is emphasised by the 
fact that the successful 
candidates will report to 
the Managing Director. They 
must demonstrate imp ressi ve 
consultancy experience in 
Persona] Financial Planning. 
And have the personal qualities 
to deal with new enquiries and 
develop new opportunities in 
line with the Company's blue 
chip image and hi gh quality 
control. The age range envisaged 
is 25-45. 

The Company is part of the 
highly successful international 
Edward Lumley Group and is 
recognized- as the country's major 
school fee planning specialist. 

The positions are based in 
London, Manchester, Bath and 
Welwyn and offer attractive 
salaries enhanced by a wide 
range of incentive benefits 
including BUPA, car and 
genuine career prospects. Please 
apply in writing giving details of 
career to date and education ' 
b ackgro und to: 

Mr Jeff Williams, 

Managing Director, 

C. Howard & Partners Ltd., 

Mitre House, 

177 Regent Street, 

London W1R7FB. 

C. Howard & Partners Ltd. 

EUROPEAN ANALYST Salary negotiable 

A vacancy exists within a major UK Financial Group 
for an Analyst with three or tour years experience 
in the French Equity Market The emphasis is on 
experience as the po si tion will require a self-starter 
with the confidence and ability to make an immedi- 
ate contribution to a rapkfly expanding department 

Contact Christine Hough on 01-481 3188 
or (0235) 817087 (evenings) 

and payroll 



Excellent: Salary 

HR ANALYSTS Salary Negotiable 

Our chant one of the leading accepting houses, 
requires two top quality young UK Equity Analysts 
to strengthen its Research Team. Candidates 
should have two years experience gained, prefera- 
bly, with a reputable broking house. Specialist 
sector knowledge would be useful but not 

Amerada Hess Limited, a highly successful and expanding subsidiary of the 
Amerada Hess Corporation, is directed by an all British Management and has been 
involved in the North Sea since 1964. 

Contact Simon Harrison on 01-481 3188 

or 01-9S8 3328 (evenings) 





m 1984 I ended my first successful career. I had reafeed efi 
my am&mons tarougn my B ssa rpveness, corppstasveness 
and sefl-tekanoe. 

In 1985 | began my second career and in one y ear. my 
achevements exceeded my most optenrsbc prqscwns. 
You can oo moo. 

Phone Li Col (Reid) Mike M&er 
on 01-831 7491 

Continued growth has created the need for an experienced Pensions and Payroll 
Administrator to guide the Company and Pension Plan Trustees through the 
forthcoming exciting developments in these areas. Hie payroll is small but needs 
direction and wilt occupy a minor part of your time. Current legislative changes in 
pensions require an individual prepared to make recommendations on the 
development of the pension scheme and its investment 

You must have several years experience in pensions administration and will be able 
to contribute to and control payroll operations including statutory returns and cost 
allocations- Flexibility is essential so that contributions may be made to other areas in 
accounting as required. Familiarity with computerised applications would prove an 

The excellent benefits package includes an attractive salary, non-contributory 
pension, subsidised BUPA, luncheon allowance, season ticket loan and live weeks 

To apply, write to Andrew Scott-Priestfey in strict 
confidence, giving full details of career 
history and salary. 

✓ - 


x, ex- 
id rose 
wth in 
ms an 

of the! 
torn 7 ] 
it and i 
gles is I 
1 mil- 

3 mfl- 1 
zed to 
idine I 
t not 
s are 

Amerada Hess Limited, 
2 Stephen Street, 
Tel: (01) 636 7768 




to £30,000 plus car 

If you are a high calibre graduate, with 
experience of managing significant change 
in distribution - then you may be missing out. 

To discuss how: 

Call David Edwards on: 

0628 75956 - Daytime 

0628 27596 - Evenings and weekends 

or alternatively send a curriculum vitae to the 
address below. 

MKA House 
King Street 
Berks SL6 1EF 



with emphasis on 
training and development 

East London c£li,GOO 

With some 400 full-time employees engaged in the 
development, manufacturing, marketing and distribution of a 
wide range of coatings for the Industrial and Packaging markets 
our client, a leader in its field, and a member of a British “Blue 
Chip” pic. has identified the need to recruit a young Personnel 
Officer who is now seeking to rapidly develop his/her careen 

Aged mid twenties, ideally a graduate, the successful 
candidate will have had 3-3 years post graduate experience 
gained in a manufa cturin g environment, where training and 
management development of a diverse workforce will have 
played a key role. Experience of recruitment and the “generalist" 
personnel function, including administration, will be viewed as 

Reporting to the Personnel Manager; yon will be a key 
member of a small, but very busy department, so your ‘people’ 
skills will obviously be of a high order. This is not “just another 
job" it is a definite career move so telephone for an application 
form, or better still, send full 
career details to: Timothy Read at 
Mason Dolphin & Kerby Limited, 

178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London, WIN 6U, TeL 01-631 4411 
quoting reference No. 2723. 






Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces 

Applications are invited from former Officers of the British Armed 
Forces to fill the following vacandes:- 

$02 Admin - Force Medical Services 

(Major) -£19.250 p.a approx. Ref. No.46Y. 

Must be former Medical Administration Officer with experience in Field 
Ambulance Units. 


Infantry Weapons 

(Captain) - £16.000 p.a. approx. Ref. No. 49F. 
Must be a former Officer who has completed an Instructor's course in 
all Infantry Platoon Weapons, be qualified to Stage 5 in Range work 
and be experienced In the 81 mm Mortar. 

Age limit: 50. 

These ate uniformed contract appointments, for two years, 
unaccompanied. Ray. in Omani Rials, is quoted at the current rote of 
exchange and there is an end-af-controct gratuity of 20% of total pay 
received: pay and gratufty are normally fax free and fully remiftabie. 
Furnished air-conditioned accommodation and services are provided 
free of charge and three periods of 20 days’ U.K. leave are granted 
annually with air passages paid. 

Interested applicants should write with C.V. quoting the relevant 
reference number to:- 

Pmonml Officer (MJL) 

Abwork Untried, 

Boumemoidh-Hum AbpoiL 

Christchurch, Dorset BH23 6BL 

Airwork e 




Professoral Guxtana; and 
Assessmefe for all ages. 

1S24 yrs: Comes. Careers 
2S-34 y re: Progress. Ctunges 
35-5* yrs: Revcw. 2nd Caters 

Full detail n tree brochure- 

90 QaaUB Puce W 

• •O 

.01-935 5452 (24 hrs) 


bating Negoti at or needed tor 
our tnencfly office m Northoot 
Road. Chafenjpng opporanv 
«y offering good salary, bonus 
scnomo and car. Rental ®- 
pamnca and local taowteaga 

Fairar Stead & <3yn 
Te! 01-370 4329 
(Ref SG). 

no agencies. 


Work tor the martial leaders 
ratio seek expenenoeo stall 
up k> sereor tarets. Vacs: 
London. Leicester. 
Southampton. Leeds. 
Birmingham & Reading. 

□903 30424 


This «x*J be yaw opportu- 
nity. It you kva oommutng 
Cetanes ot central London. 
are 2S-56 »wdi business acu- 
men. we «■ tram you tor a 
new career w*h Bntam's lead- 
ing company m the financial 
services Industry. For twitter 
■ntocmafeon ring; 

David Garner 

01-242 4260 

M.uoorrt nt- 

auirra ter *waer fle/87 SB* 

M/F soeafc French. Excellent 

onanluiwiHl aMUtiK and a 

tense o» numoio Msentlali Rindl 

SMWtucr. 01-370 0999. 



01-734 0567 

A LONDON Society MaoaNne re) 

quires, an ewnuwasnc. tmgM.r 

hardworking, orpanned and » 

rlaliy aware Deputy Editor 

X5.0OO n a. Tet. Ol 821 1253 


Must time Madmosh openence, 
80 wpm, 7 * years design, com- 
tofQDfe worting wth dents. 

Om Etyaan Rata 
London SW3 3LA 

CALIBRE CVS Lid prolesstona! 
curriculum vllar documents 
Details Ot-631 3388. 


pen ion search guMtanre. 
Rodney Sly Aswocrmes. Tel. 
BertAamslrd <0*4371 725TO. 





'oDegc intends to appoint a Chaplin 

man mmmpnnM on 8 


etweeen 1 rwj ■'"r'svvv: 
itute, applicants must be m Hory ur- 

f TTw> elnano 

386. Further particulars can uc 
»d from the Dean of CoB^ Tmuty 
», Cambridge, CB2 1TQ- 




yora »d nrwotwiare 

flat hMteupWrnfl «t* 
j and ojw 

, — J oP»«B 

cnawits We are tooh- 
uccksM sates repres- 
id (bre and amtanoo o 

riomg anas: Siarey. 

sun. fitoteo 

BUBO, m— ncTir . aw 

•as ot London. Tte sue- 
nwate for tha Wj 
tn *» be aged 2S-5D. 
aJ amsaierawe expa n- 

S aruTfeavy oral- 

*4 1 W 

y salary and suKtanw 
nB be n«t !Je 

oamoWB C.V to Sates 


For leading London 
luxury kitchen 
design ca. 

K you wo , 

BduceaO to ai^ taast A Wl 
gjandartl. prepared to weric 

hart a ha* a fcaen imareNin 

paslgn. we tram you to 

tiecatne a ntBrntwr (4 
our design team. 

Saturttay wortcra is irwofired 
^thadg cNteteuSd- 

comuanow s»dn9 

wane pad. &tt«n fl hpNgy 



handwriting wit h 

sating your expected 


Edward HaBatt, 
just Kitchens, 

40 VTiginbra St, 



[A vacancy has arisen for 3 1 

traawe brokw. The^ 

Required for the financial 
services, industry- 

• Indcptb so oh » B « x«ri naioini. 

^TB^?rannngs C4.0CO+-. 



The personnel MaNgtr 

or scad CV te 

Eqvntabk Fto*l 
Services Lid. 
26T RepnaSma, 

We are recruiting on behalf of a number of our clients who are major organisations extensively 
using IBM based technology. Current urgent requirements include:— 




A nal i w t ff^oga i ium B s wMiaileyBeoraaaivafcntcdBcationareietpBrBd 
^ UK organsation to join nesi prayed teams fawohied n the 
of Airae B—wti l a ppB ra lkn w . You should hm 

a* — m a — — ^ 

■an« in i uewwuu iw 

pogesduo in dtiicoaly fanned data processing division- Candkbtes 
thoold be able to weak on their own Mttatiueaad mad demonstr ate go od 
interpersonal skflfe to Eaxwwkhuso- departments. Befc STE121 


BQsmESscoMmjmc/moHSfamcEAMnoM moH 
An Mm nfia m i mmitawy NprialnQ '* ewrertty wriin a a Mtlbg 
ol high GaBse DJ* pw fcsriO NBfc for several project group s. You most 
have a s u ccessfu l management background and dai a rnttra de high 
aa d msc achieve m ent. Nth sound p ractical experience in wwfte 
sedsc You should have experience of PROJECT 

private or pubfic 

COMMUNICAnONS SYSTEMS ruitfa a knowledge of VOICE . DATA. 
TEXT etc. Bet ST522 

PROfMAMBS cobol mvs 

LONDON £15.000 to £19 JNW 

This is an ideal opporti m tty for COBOL Pro^armneTB vdth a ntink ma n of 

expand ttiefr SUb UO OPLINE and 
DATABASE aAr q uti fa thh young and progre ssi ve devefapenent 
department Knoededge of MVS/Jd, ROSCOE or CICS would be an 
advantage abhoogh traktig aB be given where necessary. The convmr 
oSoS eirdfoitf safarips with tegotar performance reviews pea HR 
r> — ; — --.t a. BefeSTfi23 


SYSTEMS PROGMfiRiER mvsjeszviamcscs 

LONDON to £22dM0 -f BENEF7TS 

Major Interna tional orgaanation with woridHride computer ly era duns 
requires a SYSTEMS PROGRAMMER with a nammurn of 2 years 

experi enc e to jrin a small team supporting a recently installed 308X 

oompatS»le processor. Candidates must have untiring knowledge of MVS 
■ nimim fa . ASSEMBLER, ISO. JES2 and JCL and above aB be viOng. 

and have the aptitude to leara new skffls in this rap«8y exparefing 

hwlhiinn tto mmpmy nBm fKcefait tiafafaq farghpm mti attractive 

empfoyee benefit package. Rcfc ST624 



a I « rfaraKau And dth generation tank and 

methods, is sedans m recruit a number of customer an d sales support 
persooneL You wS be responsMe far prancing da y-to-day customer 
support, constancy prote c t management and traamng. Further 

iovolvanent wS inc fade bustnes and data analysis, systems design. 

uGBsfag relational i fa t a l nw management systems, 4GL's and decision 

support tools. For the RIGHT PEOPLE, salmy in® not present a problem. 

Ref: ST625 

SYSISIISPROGRAMB&RS mvsvxa assembles 


A large overseas basking organtsatkxr has an mmetBate nquiemetu for 
Systens ftnpaBUr w with 2-3 years practical MVS experience. IdeaSu 
you «a have progressed fiuou^i operations and tedaucri support and 
any MUS/XA hnowiedge would be extreme^ becefidaL Hohwh. you 
must have a strong ASSEMBLER programming badupound with some 

rience of the faDowing:- ASM2. COBOL2. NCPA7TAM. JES2 or 




SHIFT LEADERS nvsas2Acfvdw 


Doe to fanther operations expansi on , our cSent. a highly successful 
intensational oig ai ifaa tioa reqtiires individuals with a minimum of 5 years 
operating experience predominantly in a 30SX. MVS. JES2 aiw i roni n aa- 
Operationaf knoededge of JCL. V7AM. RJE. CICS or 3270 based on-line 
networks would be advantageous. Responsible for fire smooth running of 
a production shift, you must demonstrate qualities in staff management, 
resourcefulness. tefiabAty and be able to con fi dently comm un icate with 
end user departments. Attractive salary structure and large c omp any 

benefits package. 



Operations staff with 2 years MVS J£S2 e xperience are required for an 
exparefing operations department in a new London based computer 
centre for this multi-national organis a tion- Knowledge of ISO. JCL or 
ope rati ng orefine and RJE networks would be an adv an tage although 
extorsive training «3 be given where necessary. Attractive salaries, 
benefits package, and progressive career development are offered. 




An international banking group in the Gty wishes to reenrif two Jtstiar 
Networking Technicians. You w9 probably have around two > 
networking experience and be currenriy involved with the IBM 

network with some exposure to MESSAGE SWITCHING. TELEX. PC 

exceptional opportunities to further your experience in such areas as 

. _ and SNA Networking. A 

ofeed taduAig low cost mortgage; annual bonus, ere 

_ h 

To apply for any of these positions please send your CV quoting relevant 
reference number to Rod Beeson at our London office or telephone him | 
daytime on 01-434 9205 or evenings and weekends on 0789-763147. . 





Why safety always comes first 

The consequences of the accident at 
Chernobyl, the effects of which have 
been felt in Europe, the chemical 
explosion at Bhopal in India and the leak 
at Seveso which destroyed an Italian 
town are a stark reminder of the 
importance of safety. 

We have had our Aberfans, 
Flixboroughs and nagging incidents at 
Sellafield which remind us that the need 
for safely to be taken seriously is just as 
important here in Britain. 

The Health and Safety Commission is 
responsible for the enforcement of high 
standards of safety throughout British 
industry. It operates through the Health 
and Safety Executive which employs 
inspectors to ensure that the Health and 
Safety at Work Act 1974 and related 
legislation are enforced. 

Operating from 21 offices around the 
country, Inspectors of Factories visit not 
only manufacturing plant but also 
offices, mines, building sites and railway 
premises. They concentrate their scarce 
resources on industries which have a 
poor safety record or employ large 
numbers of people who may be at risk. 
Their job is to seek out hazards, advise, 
warn and insist that adequate standards 
are maintained. 

Being an Inspector of Factories is a 
multi-faceted job offering an immense 

An immense variety 
of tasks in a day’s work 

variety of tasks in a day's work. They 
mighihave to advise a machine operator 
on the hazards of using a machine in a 
certain way or talk to a trade union 
representative about concerns which 
their members share on the problems of 
safety in specific situations. 

The Health and Safety Executive 
employs generalist inspectors and 
specialists who are expert in one area of 
safety. Scientists are also recruited as 
Steientific officers to work in the lab- 
oratories concerned with occupational 

Problems of air pollution, noise and 
toxic substances are researched at 
Cricklewood. safety in mines at Shef- 
field, and electrical devices, flames and 
explosives at Buxton. 

Doctors and nurses with relevant 
experience or a qualification in occupa- 
tional medicine are employed by the 
Executive in their Employment Medical 
Advisory Service. They advise on all 
areas of occupational health, arrange 
regular medical tests for those working in 
hazardous environments and investigate 
new safety concerns which come to their 

They also advise the disabled if their 
disablement affects their capacity to 
work safely in certain environments and 
supervise Rehabilitation Centres run by 
the Manpower Services Commission. 

Generalist inspectors are recruited 
from honours dt^ree graduates of any 
discipline. There is a definite preference 
for those with some industrial expert- 

The importance of 
high safety standards 
in British industry 
is greater than ever. 
Neil Harris examines 
the role of inspectors 
in the Health and 
Safety Executive 

ence, and in recent years new graduates 
have not been recruited, but this year 
those without employment experience 
are being considered once a gi n . 

Each of the twenty one offices has its 
own specialist area — the London office, 
for example, is expert in the safety 
problems encountered within the print- 
ing industry — and during their first two 
years trainees are expected to work in 
two or three different offices to broaden 
their knowledge. 

These trainees also undertake a course 
in occupational health and safety. This 
covers such topics as environmental 
monitoring; occupational disease; the 
safety of machinery, electrical devices 
and chemical processes; safety law and 
the management of safety. 

Specialist inspectors are only recruited 
from graduates with at least two years 
experience and often a professional 
qualification such as chartered engineer. 

They may be concerned with nuclear 
installations, air pollution, mines and 
quarries, chemicals or explosives and are 
usually mechanical, chemical or elec- 
trical engineers, chemists, physicists or 

These recruits begin their training like 
the others, by attachments to two or 
three of the area offices but then they join 
one of seven Field Consultant groups 
which provide a specialist back up to the 
generalist inspectors as they go about 
their work. 

Inspectors working in the field have 
access not only to specialist advice from 
these colleagues but also equipment 
which may be necessary to detect levels 
of pollution in the atmosphere, noise, 
radiation or some other hazard which 
needs to be measured and controlled. 

The Health and Safety Executive may 
be responsible for inspiring, determin- 
ing what are adequate standards of safety 
and enforcing the law, but the 
responsibility for ensuring a safe working 
environment and one which does not 
threaten the population dose to their 
idant rests firmly with industry. 

Until recently the job of safety officer 
in industry was often given to someone 
nearing retirement age or as a sideways 
move for someone whose career was not 
likely to progress. 

This state of affairs has been changing 
rapidly in recent times. Industry does not 

recruit new graduates straight 
into the job of safety officer but rather 
those who have some yean; of hoe 
management experience 

“We grow our own safely officers”, 
one senior safety consultant in a chemi- 
cal firm told me. “When they are 
recruited they study for the qualification 
offered by the Institute of Occupational 
Hygiene and must become conversant 
with safety law, Jl’s a lone job in which 
you create your own role and influence 
decisions through advice and consulta- 
tion. Safety moves forward every time 
there is an accident so you never waste 
die opportunity it brings to improve 

Safety officers hold the line managers 
responsible for the safety of their patch 
and are primarily concerned with fire, 
mechanical and electrical safety, trans- 
port of toxic substances and the safety of 
vehicles. They also concern themselves 
with the behaviour of staff which is not 
always conducive to good safety practice. 

Too often it is earner to operate a 
machine without a guard or to ignore a 
particularly irritating safety rule in order 
to cut cornets and do a job that little bit 
quicker. Safety officers vjgfiantly seek 
out that kind of situation to put matters 

The challenge that 
is always changing 

Production and process engineers who 
design equipment are another key ele- 
ment in our safety armoury. The En- 
gineering Council insists that afl those 
registered as chartered engineers receive 
adequate training in safety. 

New designs and alterations to existing 
designs are all subject to a safety audit 
consisting of detailed checks before they 
are implemented. It was a modification 
rather than new plant which was 
responsible for the accident at 
Flix borough. Once installed a suitable 
programme of maintenance must be 
adhered to if equipment is to remain safe 
throughout the lifetime for which it has 
been designed. 

Change is on the way in the safety 
world. Next year the Department of the 
Environment is to take over responsibil- 
ity for environmental protection. This 
will indude air and water pollution, 
radiation in the atmosphere and the 
disposal of hazardous waste materials. 

It is good to know (hat factory 
inspectors, safety officers, scientists, 
engineers and some medical staff are all 
working together to ensure our safety. 

For them it is a job which provides an 
ever changing challenge, a wide variety 
of activities in which they are neither 
desk bound or spending aQ their time in 
the factory. Negotiating about technical 
issues, investigating, writing reports, 
presenting evidence, dealing with people 
at all levels within an organization — 
these are all a part of their work. 




c. £13,000 + Benefits 

Zurich Life Assurance Company Limited is an expanding 
subsidiary of the £7 billion Zurich Insurance Group. 

We are seeking a young Chartered Accountant; possibly newly 
qualified, for appointment to the new postion of Assistant Acountant 

The person appointed/ who will report to the Accountant, wilt 
eventually be responsible for the day to day supervision of the 
accounts department He or she will also be required to assist in the 
preparation of shareholders and DTI accounts, annual tax 
computations, preparation of cash flow forecasts and preparation 
of information for board meetings. There will be scope to contribute 
to the development and improvement of the Company's financial 
reporting and systems. 

Candidates should be aged 24 to 30, have broad accounting 
experience, and be conversant with current corporate taxation. 
The ability to work to strict deadlines and remain calm under 
pressure is essential. 

We offer a first class remuneration package including an 
assisted mortgage and non-conrtributory pension scheme 
including free life assurance. 

Please phone for an application form or write 
with CVto> Mr C.T, Pass, Assistant Employee 
Relations Manager (Personnel), P.O. Box 20, 
Zurich House, Stanhope Road, P o rt smo uth. 

P01 1DU. Tel: Portsmouth (0705) 822200 or, out 
of working hours Portsmouth (0705) 812190. 




The mm is ■ c&adufafc (taadunn itsoonsiHc far dredopin* aad manning 23 kb) afluri m the Norfli Knsagmttcikbu* 
staff of 30. sod a mind portiblki exf tenancies, iadtading 120 con a ntfcuu peropenka. The maud turnover s «pptO*nu*iefy El M. 

is mental 

For farther details and job description maacc 

Roger Matted, Directs, NKAT, 1 Thorpe Close, London W10 SXL. Tet 01-90 7511. 
Closing due 1st December 1986. 

NKAT k an eguf oppajtnniKS aptogee 

Chartered Ac- 



senior tanner hi (nay Harrow 
■naruev. wne wub lull pane' 
■dan to BOX. AM. 

nMNCMl MMsm Ctota 
£90000. may auMUtaa Ac- 
eoununi wan a swm 
BroMmanal/c«ran>ercui expe- 
rience tor young ureerarive 
Co- Wrpoi U np oirrctlv lo MJJ 
wesb. Bee Coot. Oi 629 assn 


We are a sated. professional roendtment consultancy 
spedafismg in me banking industry and are currently 
s e ek ing to expand our already successful team. 
The ideal candxJata wfl be boMng tar a chatanging 
and Involved career offering high rewords tar setf- 
m otivation and rsafisOc prospects tor promotion. It is 
essential to have gained some relevant recruitment / 
interviewing experience within the London area and 
have an interest in banking and related fields. 

M you are aged 23-30 and meet the above require- 
ments. please contact the Managing Director for 




A position of Snr. Accountant to a 
leading production Co. making 
advertising films. The department is 
fully computerised and has at present 
a total staff of three. Salary 
Negotiable. Apply in confidence to: 

Julian Harvey, 

Howard Guard Prods. 

7/8 Bouriet Close, London W. 
01-631 0163. 

Pro Rata £15,000 

A specialist professional firm in WC2 needs an experienced Press 
and Public Relations Officer to give direction to tbeir public rela- 
tions campaign on a part-time basis. This person will be responsible 
for projecting the firms image in the marketplace with an emphasis 
on increasing exposure in the press and in specialist publications. 

The successful candidate will have *A' levels ora degree and ideally 
a P.R. background in a professional organisation. Tact, humour, an 
innovative approach to the work and an ability to humanise copy, 
the main content of which is very technical, are vital. 

Please telephone; 01 588 3535. 

Crone Corkill 





Jacques-Roiork Ltd, a division of Rotork PLC, is a leading 
manufacturer of custom-engineered cables, hoses and umbilicals for 
various applications offshore and onshore. 

The company is seeking a Technical Sales Representative to 
penetrate new markets in S.E. England. The successful candidate 
will need to show a good track record of sales in the cable industry, 
and will probably .be living in London or the home counties. 

An attractive package is offered, with company car. 


David Simms 
Jacques Rotork Ltd, 
11 Factual, Littieport, 
Ely, Cambsn CB6 INS, 

TeL- (0353) 860022 


naund by cousuKancv 
orummlM. MM hold a De- 

pree. tune (Matted knoMcdM 

of latest rrandctxnnuKiKanoRs 

imTwojosxm. Be DOusuaf 
FMKtiAMML and have 
ZOvrs* eroewnte. Reotv with 

CV to Teehwcal T d f t— 1- 

eattep Service* Ltd. Sitws. U» 

!. Ouen. Jeneji.Cf. 

Boy* and arts 18+ with 
French German LA level Or DM- 
to-i oeeord tor Onctutoea low 
in (mod MM* in famous amnr 
room, Dcc/Apru. Min gn» 
salary £760 pm. send SAE id 
PO BOX 388 London SWlx 

cncvd person rrautmt for 
residential letttng department. 
Must nave mutative and entnu- 
sumrn plus (yvmg aunty. 
Howto Estates Ol 373 0637. 

wdt, Mammal McMm — 

wufc Htgn TecP experience re* 
mured In Central l on anp for 
■non term contract, PriucUM* 
only Reply ** -BOX H92- 

veyor- remand for itae Central 

Human Office of a leading Brm 

ot Chartered Surveyors. The 

foica two yew* — 

need no! oeaoaufletL A compel- 

rove salary win be 

according lo age and 

CheW-rton Latopoe. fto/P8Sey- 
moiar Street. Loudon W1H 

REWARDS ottered for young ex- 
pen ommunour unsnmg to 
nu** a careen? Sauna ttmnaa 

Hal- 1st man package. Ptwo* 
now lor an informal MaoaCMn 
01-680 6272 dayi/t>l-9«0 

*329 net. 

mattmr dtanng scmmi m» to 
busy SWi mu again «mo 
Mould be very good « hoping 
un oubw to bur- flair ano 

mums Ed-60 P H. + Good 
IM B lw O m . 821 07B6, 

WMC SMPCRS rewire enOtm- 
asw aoapiaMc Pteurn » some 
to tow w* known City wm 
bar. Scene cedar wort. W*ai op- 
portunity forydtw* wwnj to 
won- trade Write with ton C.V. 
to BOX EB9 


CV, prepare Ugb 
_ cumeidum vmea. at. 


CCP Ram RMMtfc CAfl op. 
oectromn. tajrtft Kants coo- 
tract Ref 726. CCS COTOS) 
779607 m 

Outstanding opportunities for 

Central London 

Total Oil Marine pic is a prestigious energy company 
currently developing an important new North Sea oil 
and gas field which will provide a substantial contribution 
to Britain’s longterm energy requirements. 

Assistant Financial 
Accountant £13£00-15£00 

An excellent opportunity to develop your accounting 
experience Working to demanding deadlines, you will 
prepare interim and statutory accounts whilst playing 
an integral role in the development of computerised 

Assistant Management 
Accountant £10^)00-11,800 

This challenging appointment encompasses the 
preparation of management information and budgetary 
control, liaising with both financial and non-financial 

Applications are invited from individuals progressing 
towards qualification with one of the major accounting 

For a detailed and confidential discussion please 
contact Paul Goodman, Consultant to the Company, 
on 01-387 5400 (out of hours 01-954 524 2) or write to 
him at Financial Selection Services, Drayton House, 
Gordon Street, London WC1H GAN. 

Bringing energy ashore 


Part quafified preferred. 

Computerised accounts. 


OBrency accounting. 
Salary range 
£&500 - £9,750. 


nafeeria United, 
24-25, Scab Street, 
Tel: 01 588 1954. 


Ow ta promcooti «» of Londons 
nmrite 1 Dromes 
ns a nancy tar ao xmat 
Knmgtor oaxtom cncr 

WKWMW. Sdm tltefl + OB. 
Mbn nuBs ctMtad 
Pm Buffer ■ B1 628 9821. 

RELIANCE executive 


fw prime European Bank. D» suxessM candidate wfl be a 
graduate with a mhunum of two years' Lendmg/Marfcettng 
expenence. ideally wsffl a knowledge of Asffl/Ausffaiasa. 
£20000+ Age to 3S years. 


lor City bank, used to training staff in loans admin. Promotional 
prospects to superaftor wtSi charge of 8 staff. 

£11,500 Age 24+ . 

PleaM telephone 
Shetegti Arm! on 01-58S 1661 

a s b 


50 Fleet Street, London EC4Y 1BE 


Dynamic large American City-based mtemauooal 

using ‘Lotus 123*. Suitable. applicants can be cross- 
trained- Other positions also available in this sector. 






Accountancy - to £25,000 

Jonathan Wren & Co. Limited, established in 1968, 
Is acknowledged as the largest financial services 
recruitment specialist in the world. 

We wish to develop our specialist services in the 
field of accountancy and therefore seek highly 
motivated recruitment consultants. A proven record 
of success in the commercial and industrial sector, 
recruiting all levels ranging from graduates up to 
senior executive level, is essential. 

Benefits offered include first class administrative 
and technical support, high advertising budgets, 
realistic targets, competitive salaries plus generous 
commission scheme, company car, and of course 
our name, of which we are justifiably proud. 

Please telephone, or send a detailed cv to 
Carol Jardine — Accountancy Division. 


Recruitment Consultants 
No.1 New Street, (off B w h o, wg* of). London EC2M 4TP- 
Tekpbcmei 01-623 Ut6 




Pitting Accountants Pint 


£20,000 + CAR 

Don’t w ait to c aprtaflse on your success - major city financial group 

to takean ““lysis based role within 
Dynamic management team, REF C4939 

MONUMENT QH-hrs: 9 Eastcheap, ECS. 01 626 0666 


W1 £18,000 

*«***rtant sought by leading Merchant Bank. 

corporate planning and plenty of 
subsxSsed mortgage, and share option scheme. 

Her; Cmoo 

SOND STREfclT OFFICE; 79 New Bond St, W1. 01 493 3813 



y 2 m9 ^ quafified Accountanl 
for chaltonging and senior rote. Prepare financial and manaoement a& 
owjts include NCP S ,Swt 

Rff: AW/dS 

B4KB1 SHtefci OFHCfc 106 Baker Street, W1. 01 935 1493 


C.LONDON £20 000+ Car 

professional B straamCna 

» rapid contribution to ttwlrcontinu- 
109 success. Top c&libfd tenofits. ppc. pmw 

HOLBORN OFFICE: 307/308 High Holborn, WC1. Of 404 45^ 




Banking c. $35,000 tax free 

Our client is an international Bank, Trust & Investment Management company with 
over $3 billion in assets and 1200 staff in 5 worldwide locations. They have a variety 
of opportunities for qualified accountants at their Head Office in Bermuda. 

The jobs range from Accounting, Analysis and Audit roles suitable for newly or 
recently qualified ACA's/ACCA’s through Portfolio Accountants to Senior 
Accounting, Accounting Systems and EDP Audit roles which require more 
experienced people with about 4 years post qualification experience. 

The Bank provides a highly competitive tax free salary and benefit package as well 
as the opportunity to live in Bermuda which has a climate and lifestyle second 
to none. 

If you are single, aged 24-34 and would like to discuss these positions in more 
detail please telephone Graham Palfery-Smith on 01-629 4463 quoting 
Ref 400+ (evenings and weekends 01 -697 6811). 

HARRISON & WILLIS LIMITED (Financial Recruitment Consultants), CARDINAL HOUSE, 39-40 ALBEMARLE ST.. LONDON W1X 3FD. 

TELEPHONE: 01-629 4463. 

Flexible Investment Planning Limited, members of 
F.LM.B.RA. (Financial Intermediaries Managers & 
Brokers Regulatory Association), with over a century 
of combined experience within the Stockbroking, 
investment & Accountancy professions offer a client 
service that is second to none. 

Brokerages, has created a number of opportunities 
throughout i be United Kingdom far 



Those appointed will probably have a financial 
background and possess a knowledge of personal 
taxation and unit linked investment. Appointments 
will normally be made for your from quality 
responses generated from our National Press 
coverage, and you must be able lo properly and 
objectively offer sound financial and investment 
advice to potential clients. 

The ability to deal discreetly and confidentially with 
all our diems & with referrals from our colleagues in 
the professions will be a key factor in assessing your 

Those successful will probably be aged between 30 
and 48. will make the very most of the attractive 
remuneration package that is being offered. 

17T1J Address your cumcnhnn vitae to onr 
P If Marketing Director, 

- -- Malcolm Robertson, 


INVESTMENT 436/438 Flotoe Road, 

FANNIN 0 Urmston, Manchester, 

LIB M313QT. 

mw lonathanYV/ren am 

stusey J uwaxw ” T HOM KP.SC 


£15,000 + (20% local tax) 

Top 8 practice urgently seeks recenty qualified ACAWCGA's 
as audit smiots to worn in their luxurious raw offices m Jersey 
and Guernsey. 

Benefits hdude Top 10 training facilities, prestigious clients, 
hig hly compe titive salaries, 2Wb local tax and subsidised 

For more detais telephone, or send a detailed ev in 
Carol Janfine — Accountancy Division 

•Him lon3th3n\\/rcn 

J tfoiMm Cmoluntv » V 

v»-l Nr- Vcro. I mi 1 n.Iw HCIVl-fTP 


:x, ex 
ad rose 
iwth in 
as an 
of the 
from 7 
nt and 
rgles is 
d mil- 

10 mil- 
ex pen- 
■ked to 
ut not 
ris are 

)f this 

ent es- 
)f £70 

TaliMmu. JMfil lit* 

Financial Controller 

LEEDS c. £18,000 + Car 

Komori Europe, the wholly owned subsidiary of a Japanese public company, acts as 
European distributor for high quality printing machinery throughout Europe. The 
company has plans for significant further growth and turnover in the current year will 
ex c eed £30 million. 

As a result of this expansion the new role of Financial Controller reporting to the 
Finance Director is being created to provide financial support to the company's 
management. The company seeks a young, commercially minded, qualified accountant 
who will: 

• provide financial and other management in forma ti on to Che directors and to the 
parent company; 

• control the day to day management of the existing finance function including the 
monitoring of foreign exchange exposure, and the controlling of the complex 
financing arrangements involved in the sale of large capital goods. 

To be successful in this role you must have a proven track record and the personal 
qualities - to contribute effectively as a member of the m anage m ent team. Some 
experience of foreign currency accounting, whilst not essential, would be dean-able. 
Please send a comprehensive career rfesumC, including salary history and giving a 
daytime telephone number, quoting reference 2723 to John Scarisbrick. Executive 
Selection Division, at the address below. 

^ Touche Ross 

The Business Partners 

PO Box 500. 74 Mosley Street. Manchester M60 2A.T. Telephone: 061-228 3456. 




International Bank 

c£ 19,000 - £24,000 
+ h anking benefits 

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, one of die worlds 
leading international banks, is increasing its audit capability to take account 
of the changes that are taking place in the Financial Services area. A 
specialised unit has been created in London to audit the Group s activities in 
theMerchant Banking. Leasing, Insurance. Stockbroking and Commodity 
Trading areas This unit is now seeking to recruit a small team of high calibre 

As these are newly created positions there will be considerable scope tor 
innovation - responsibilities will include the specification, design and 
implementation of a new audit approach. Candidates must be able to 
demonstrate a determined self motivated approach, be able to communicate 
effectively with senior executives and have an analytical approach comDmed 
with the ability to adapt quickly lo new situations. 

Based in the City the posts will involve a certain amount of travel overseas to 
visit Group companies in the world's major financial centres. The successful 
candidates are likely to be Chartered Accountants who have qualified witrmi 
the last five years and have gained relevant experience either wimxn the 
profession or else working in one of the areas mentioned above. 
Remuneration will be in the range £19,000-124,000 depending upon 
experience with generous banking fringe benefits including mortgage 
subsidy, iron-contributory pension scheme, life assurance and BUPA. 
Please write with full curriculum vitae to: 

International Administrator 
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 

SSot < ^p2la. WrwiaVrinaRsmk' 


The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 



Leave the boredom of an office routine behind you -enjoy the 
variety and excitement of a sales career. 


We sell a comolete range of stationery and computer 
consumables direct to offices. No sales experience is required 
as we will give you a two week training course and pay you 
full pay and expenses at the same time. You will be provided 
with a car, and receive 2 outfits a year from a leading fashion 
house. You will receive every encouragement and support to 
be successful. Earning of up to £17,000 p.a. are quite realistic. 

Continuing expansion and promotions now 
make available several opportunities on our / (Tju 
December training course. If you are aged \\ 
between 21 and 29 and have 4 OXevek grasp NX 
this challenge and telephone r\^j ) ) 

ruth goodmaker on ' 

01-450 3200 




A busy Manure "JmS* 5 ' 

office b> N W. London. 

„ «f <rafr. awareness trf profitability, tfccaaoa nufo ns andd igm 

Voo stexAS ever! in; ‘Mtapamenjois™^ aims, aw die font beared. 

ta«on. Hu* ° "L* of mornings and ope confidential maierisL Early 

As P.A. lo tin? Diiroor keeping control m the Transpon Industry, with loyally and 

Therefore J 1 **- 

£10.000 - £20,000 P -a- 

m ace, ability & eapcncnce- 


moves house 






£12,8ffl) + Benefits 
Central London 
Do you wait to be 
your own boss? Face 
day to day chalenges? 
it you work for the 
President of this mutti- 
-nationaL Your strife 
are 100/60 wg'fl offer 

a fascinating Job with 
real potentiaL So dont 
delay. caS now! 

Jan or Gloria . 

01 631 4296 




MJX nt hstitiimnal Eoutts Bam 
requras a weeHnodsI WySec- 
nray. OenramtinB nt varietf wjrV 
n sMni cnwonmeni witch 
5000 orgsttsatonal stals 
Mtmess id learn the busi- 
ness. WP experience desnawe. 

- Satay E1IXOOO pks bendfe 
C.V. to: 

L Berry. 

1I» Han. 

' Princess House 
Bush Lane. 
London EC4R0AN 



to £10,000 + M/S++ 

Out client, a leafing international merchant bank, has 
briffiam opportunities available for lively secretaries to 
work with some of the most successful people in 
London m the Sales, Trading. Swops and Capital 
Markets areas. Substantial rewards are offered and the 
work win be anything but (ML Benefits include tree 
fares, sub. mortgage anti generous bonuses. Experience 
hi any fast moving environment and 90/60 sktils needed. 

Please can Steen Richardson, Jafi Osborne, Anna Friend 
ot Debbie Berttoviteh. 

4092393 ^1 *™SSL ®“S2I 

men releases etc and re- 
sponfobie for aB entetui- 
ftin&Xfty' experience pre- 

Tel 583 1034. 
Meredith Scott 

13 Fka Su Leaden EC*Y lAAj 
Tit 01-383 1934/80S5 / 


SECRETARY required for busy 
MD * AsaL based Hi Henley on 
Tftamrt W' need A 2S+ well 
educated car driving uliMuv 

tralKe linchpin who ts 
uwniM. confident. * nos 
good EJnMi * accural* stwn 
hand. Salary M nwnadan. 
Tel 0191 573901 ex 16 *ftw 
9 45 din 

SECRET ARY £12.000 nnt Swi 
CdsaUt and «*S woomd wc 
ivury with shorthand and 
rvnnq who ralan working in a 
busy raw lo ln» position with 
milr os mime Plush surround- 
inn. wuiino 10 lm out where 
nKwarr and not mutd iw odd 
Itgurr IVOUig SUHla Fisher Ot- 

afto 6040 

tne Leaner »r pr./ 
Adi nttjisi Apno- dose 10 the 
Cmirat Unc. 35 wpm tsiMOg. 
br«M tnano' persanallly and 
(lr xi t4» aniruar to working wiui 
a cnalliT i«un oaraUH. Agr 
17+ £7.300* BenudeHp of 
Bond Strml Ol^M 1204 

PROPERTY PA. lo Cl 1.000 ewi 
Organising and Mtnmuuraiion 

cnmmnei wtui an eotnumoc 
and inlrtligpfil approach win 
- mnn leu of «conc inr imnavr- 
meoi wun ctrems and pro p er ty 

Audio, Shorthand and M* typ- 
ing. StrOinuirrOi .9366644 

FRENCH sneaking (or charily to. 
£5.500 25* Good ai mains. 
qmii-11 uc dunes Ol 404 4SS4 
CarrHour A® 

OERMLWt vcaUAQ bLHngnal tee- 
reurtK PuWEfinng Co Wl * 

Oty Bank Enra 01 «cw «864 

Carrefour Agy 


We are a small Lloyd’s Underwriting Agency in 
need of extra belp in our busy office. We are 
looking for a qualified and lively young secretary 
with some work experience bat will consider a 
secretarial college leaver. The right person will 
have good secretarial skills including shorthand. 
F amili arity with the IBM PC would be an 
advantage though not essential. You will be 
articulate, numerate and a non smoker. 

This is an opportunity to join a relatively new 
agency working in lovely old offices in the heart 
of the Gty. Initial salary will be £7,000 p.a. plus 
travelling expenses. If you are reliable, 
personable and think you might be interested 
then please write to Bra No A88. 


Established fum of Survey- 
ors A Estate Agents require 
experienced secretary to as- 
sist in residential sates and 
lettings of exclusive prop- 
erties in central London. 
Sate; CS7M0 
01 938 7321 


Aged 2I+. wdl spoken. 
Viceroy apenence cranial, 
able to cope under pressure. 
Pleasant South KcnsiDgUM 

Salary £7.000 + fine lunches 
Telephone 581-Z387 
Mis Smith. 


so *e Mad lepticemed Sne Sec: 
PA D wort mart* lor P*BW n 
enage uf ou snun tied* bu hawr 
□wmcraal fflwnroem 2 rare wA 
Iran HjmwTttarty audio and INF 

01 581 3117 Ref JL 

No Asenots 


eECfTTIOMST/Tctrphofttsi 4 l ! 

hour jw dav. P day's pet week. 
Busy oilier. Vkiotu area, mint 
be ntencnml. Phone Pauline 
Puuork 01 245 1033. 

Secrrlary/BoofceciMr rroulrrd 
by antique deaim near SIum 
S quare. Tel 730 9969 

EXKKKNCCB Secretary re- 
quired aged 23+ lo net stuck . 
brio an asoecu oi small prefes- 
uoiul oftnr near Bond SI tube. 

Esienbal reqiarewwiis are; ex- . 

otneot enswn and sutsuoae ABVER7JSRIC AOEHCV Sec lo 3 
voice wun Impeccable appear- Directors in Wl Agent y re- 
ante + good sense of humour mured- Salary £7.000. 

Salary nrgobaMc Please e Wordstar exp is a Us No S/H. 

onuici Heather James on ot Audio needed. Good typing 
629 6917 IklB, essential. Call Jenny. 437 


1 ■ iii- . n ' i i . 1 T i.n 

meat requires secriCar* Good 
sk Allis, salary nco Apply in 
witling to; Anne keUy John 
Kim tail Asamln. 132 Eaniry 

CfiMMKM) Executive Search 
young Graduate to kxn busy 
l earn Masses of client contact 

Good audio Mulls. Jairoar 
Careers (SMane Sat Lt d . Ol 
730 5148 

GERMAN SPEAKER £1 1.000 Se- 
nior Bank Manager EC2 needs 
PA Secreury lo organise Ms 
day. Ref 989 R S BOI 828 3394 

YOLWO FUN Coy property office 
nr Bank seek Junior P a wllh 
pood typing iWang W P tram 
I run Plus audio mo shortnandi 
Worxkno with iwr young and 
highly mom ant surveyors you 
wdl enm' ina introduction into 
the world Ol property which » 

lots of hard work plus fun and 
wine bars Age 20-22. £8.000 
net. Bernadette of Bond Street 
01429 1204 

plus Mortgage -aurally. 
B.L'J’A. free lunches ana hefty 
bonus- TMk well known L S. 
mcrctunl banking companv re- 
quires a bp-lop exsenenced 
reoepDonha who has Uie once 
and pope to eomiH«neiu this 
sugnti award winnme office 
imiromMiu in SWi No 
switchboard MX good aermte 
OnaiM 46 WHO. Age 23/28. 

Bcmadene Oi Bond Strm Ol 
629 1204 

KRSrtffHCL. 2nd tobtxsr £9.5(XI 
internal tonal V S cornua ny 

SWI You should emoy Muon 
isiralioii. imer v tewmg 

applicants, dealing with the de- 
partments mod and generally 
working as ban of a cuai tram- 
Good mtintc typing SO wptn. 
■nt) shorthand or Jufllo i Benefits 
include monoagp subsidy, bo- 
nus and BVPA. Age 20+ 
Bernadetlc ol Bond Street Ol 
629 1204 

«tu sumninbogs awwt you at 
US, WCl Co- se e k i ng a 1M 
class a dmt m aimtBC/eoc to sw- 
pon 2 nnanaai eontrollrrs. 
IrtrmatMvwu iuubod and tnc 
aouity to lunctian Without su- 
pervision win mace you 
amongst uvse finanaal 
eras. (£8.000 contact MeLaiue 
408-1616 kurkcMorce iHec 

BREAK Bern PS £9.000 Otlpor- 
1 unity lor SH/5ec lo gain 
npenenre In negouauons with 
Victoria based Co Ret 1030 RS 
B 01 B28 3394 fAGYl 

HttCHT Yotma MW 1 B-20 lor live- 
ly West End Top Peoples Estate 
Agnus Slow S/H to £7.500 
Cmciu Garden Bureau no 
Fleet St ECS 563 7696 

£10,000 + ugak bn — ■ + bene- 
fits. Audio uenunr 24+ 
Commodity Brokers nr Liver- 
pool St Voting expanding co. 
Belle tmp Any 404 4656 

Join the West End WorM and 
Ublm your WP experience for 
emm enentaied Co RH1017R 
S B Ol 828 3394 tAGYl 

FILM 4 TV cound recording stu- 
dios m the Weal End reautre a 
rcceohomst/ietepnonhi with 
charm, nenonauty and brains 
This suncr-efliaml lady wdl 
help our Studio Manager run a 
busy from desk without flap- 
ptnq. Accuraie rather man last 
rvoinq n n+nUred and short- 
hand or sperd writing would be 
an advantage but not essential. 
U you gel along Wllh prootr and 
can work made a relaxed bul 
fWmnu team call Mike 
Amcombc on Ol 4X7 0136 
HKH SOOETT £11.000 
Enlreprneunal skills are Imper- 
ative for this mil ur octal PA 
rote A social panache and an 
tnunaculale appearance en- 
abling you lo enact confidently 
on me Director's beftaif will lor 
liter vour career in the beetle 
world et Mgt* luianrc. Please 

tiHfpMsr stasia Forde 408- 
1616 Markroorce fHec Const- 
yOUHK UVELV mlrmalional 
record/ vhno company urgent- 
ly needs a good PA mo 

short hand or audmi With at 

leasi one yean nsenencc Ide- 
ally you should havr at least 
one 'A' level, be a whm ai ity 
urcs and willing u> barn Wang 
WP/Mkto Computer Age 19+- 
£9.000. Bernadette of Bond 
Street 01639 1304 



Immediately required for a period of 3 months 
to belp man the Museum's bus>’ information 
and reception desk. No weekends. 

Salary £128.46 pw. 

Telephone Angela Godwin, 
on 01 735 »22 x 291 

WTK Bwy WP. 6/H. audlu 
and cops Jean u» now Covenl 
Garden Bureau. 110 Fleet St 
EC4 353 7696 


prestigious Inlertor Design Co. 
SWI Spme typcog. Jaygar 
Careers iSloane Sgi Lid. OI- 
750 6148. 


gx QI-629 6604 /^ 




FP9 (Mansgamanti UH Ths Indepenbem Financial Consul- 
tancy Group. aie saekHio Trainee Manageis tar thw axpao- 
won in the Soutti East tn 1387. Apptaems men Deafl. 
motwarad snd amtinious. 

li you are wilting to work hard (or your own nur+wng y, *_ 
ttjcs4ng and dynamic industry 

Telephone 01-240 9959 

-rtre ttmfs THURSDAY NOVEMBER 13 1986 



'•P 4 t, .r 


>’ il 



un concurso- WOSldonSj^] «>n e! fin de proveer 





- Si es national de uno ae los Estactos miembros de las 

- “^^SS^nlvereltarioscompiens; _ 


- SSSnienco prof undo deotrasdoslenguas 

mmunitarlas; . >1 .Allfhi Mo dl 



im/f TtCOM / LA / 

c se 6 national de um dos Estados-membros das 
□ SSSuSSSiitiridscompietos: 

n se oam comoiingua principal o portugufeseumconhe- 

Q ^iTO^nproFunao de duas oinras linguas 
mmunitarlas: _ . 



concursos docurrientats reservados 
para naaonafeportuguesespara 0 
preencWmertto de 9 lugaresde 



- lsss?s»s^ 

soiLcite(prefwent9mentennediantetorierapo«rane* en 

B SB©ssMgsa» 

no sector privado ou no sector pOblicp, 

□ se rrasceu depotede 7 de Novembro de 1935; 

niihR- . 

CD Formagaounh/ersitariaincte- 
pensdvei; □ 12 anos de experience 

profissional). _ 

Para maiores informacoes, peca o 
aviso de concurso a: 



concursos dem6rtttsr^rv^« a 
nadonaies espancrtes para 


(O Formation unjversitarte indis- 
pensable; c I2aftos de expenenoa 

raStosSrtanes soficitar los anun- 
dosde concurso a: 

anuncio detallado del wncurso-opuwwiiJrlEr 
emiarlo oScM de MgmunkMsnr C281 del 
7 de novlembre de 1986, dingtendose a. 

commission desCommunautesEur^eennes, 

B-1M9 T0L: 02 / 

Tel : 275.0480 ide 9 a IS m. 

SSS * Eiwe. 

.. lUMMiatianannr 

CANDIDAl UK/o: ia un — 

■SSS 6 " 

a se rrasceu depots ae / ue wav*»nuiu . 

nete postal, a: 

G commission desoanmunautesEuropeennes, 
Division Recrutement, rue da la l tol 20Q. 

B-1049 BRUXEUESl Tel: 02 / 23511A1. 

□ secretariadodeimpr^ei^i^^rcE, 

rua do Sacramento a Lapa 35, 1200 usboa. 

Tel: 606280. 

^SSmSSS^S^SSuE 1986. 



£10,000 Neg WC1 


Nn nnnrious BXP6T- 


I UP TO £8,000 p.a. 

I A major shipping company near Regents Park has 
fan immediate opening for a bright and accurate l 
I shorthand secretary to assist the insurance manager I 
tut the naming of his busy department This is an I 
[ideal position for someone looking for moral , 
{involvement and rasponsfo&ty in their second job. 1 1 
] Excellent benefits. f / 

Please contact Robert Retro qeefiag Ret 0329/3062, 
Abed Marks Recraiteietf CosaRaats, 

124 Baker SI Loadoa Wl. 

Tel: 01-486 1576 


The Joint Managing Director of a young rapidly 
growmgpubkccompanym financial management 
requires an mtoNgent and highly officiant personal 
assistant with a sense of humour. Good telephone 
manner and word processing abffty essential. 

WMb » iflft C.V. to: 



cHEuauM ns a am snm. warn ssi in. 


UP TO £6,500 pa. 

wfflngness to team. 

For tmtoer Uo tBaSn aS Hwa ftcte fy, 
JUM Marks Becnatmeat OwsaNw. 
1st Floor, 100 Oxford Siwt Londos W1. 
A Tot 01-631 5282 

LEGAL secretary Wl 

SmaU friendly practice 

audio secretary for ConjJjnc^kD^^ 

menL Experience on word process® essen- 

xiaL Generous salary with 

Sket loan, health scheme and luncheon 


Tel 01-935 9114 
Refc DSM 

J a What coukf be more interesting than working m WfesfJ 
I London for a partner of this Stray promotions company. I 
/ You'll be h^ing to organise competitions, press/ 
fconfemces and publicity straits for dents. Cross / 1 
'training given on IBM PC. Plenty of telephone contact 
and cunt liaison for keen person eager to progress. 
Benefits include 4 weeks hols and Xmas bonus. 

Please coded Patti Harrison qnoBog Ret 8833/2785 
Alfred Marks Recnftmeflt Consultants, 

215 Keasfaflhm High Street, London W8. 


UP TO £3,500 pa. 


An outstanding opportunity for a WP 
specialist with a knowledge of the tech- 
nical functions of WP systems and an 
. interest -in their mier-relationships in the 
data processing environment, to join die 
computer team in a large firm of Qty 
solicitors dose to St Paul's. 

j An opportunity to tm ***1 

lintamtionafy successful firm of cotMmy fitters / 
operafog from London's tettavtto West m they 
after generous rewards for jour confident audio skOts 
(rusty shorthand also hefofuQ. Late rooming start with 
this fcarey team. Benefits pedcage indudes Xmas bonus, 
BUPA end life assurance scheme, season ticket loan, 
LVs and pension schema. 

PI ease cartad Sue Kamel que&ag Ret 1D4X/23Z5 
Abed Marks Becnritmairt Cewnrififs. - - 
115 New Bod Street, Loadaa Wl. 
n « Tet 01-493 1251 


organ I za 

un concurso-opodctdn general para la constitution 





g s» es national de uno de los Eszados mlemoros ae 
las comunidades europeas; 

G si ha realizado estudlos universitarios completes; 

□ si posee una experiencla profesionai post- 
univasitaria (de al menos 12 anos), adquirida va 
sea en el sector privado 0 en el sector publico ; 

□ si dene como lengua aCtiva principal el «pafl ol v 
un conoclmiento profundo de al menos dos de las 
lenguassigulentes: aiemSn inglds, dands, frances, 
griego, italiano v neenandes; 

□ si ha nacfdo despuds del 6 de noviembre de 1935; 

soliclte (preferentemente mediante tarjeta postal) 



organ Iza 

um concurso geral documental e mediante proves para 
a constftultfo de uma Jlsta de reserva 




cado en el Diario Oflcial de las Comunidades n° C 280 
del 6 de noviembre de 1986, dlrlglendose a : 

□ Commission descommunauteseuropdennes. 
Division Recrutement, rue de la Loi 200, 

B-1049 BRUXELLES Tel: 02 /235.H.TI 

□ OficirradePrensae information, C/ Serrano 41, 

5a pianta. E-28001 Madrid. Tel: 27S04.80 



T La Comlsldn desarrolla una polftica que tiene por 
objeto garantizar la iguaidad de oportunidades 
entre muieres y hombres en todas las profesiones. 

□ See national de um Estado-memOro das 

o se efectuou estudos universitarios completes; . 

G se possu) experience profissional p6s- 
universttaria ide, pelo menos, 12 anos), adquirida 
quer no sector privado, quer no sector publico; 

□ se tern como lingua principal o portugues e possuf 
um conhecimento profundo de pelo menos duas 
das seguintes Ifnguas: aiemao, dlnamarques. 
Frances grego, ingles italiano e neerlandes; 

u se nasceu depots de 6 de Novembro de 1935 ; 

Pode obter o aviso pormenorizado do concurso 

publieado no Jomai Ofitial das comunidades n° c 280 

de 6 de Novembro de 1986, dtrtgindo-se de p referen- 
da por bijhete postal, a: 

□ commission desCommunautes Europeennes, 
Division Recrutement, rue de la Loi 200, 

B-1049 BRUXELLES Tel.; 02/235.TLH. 

□ secretariadodelmprensaelnformacaocCE, 
rua do Sacramento d lapa 35, P-1200 lisboa, 

Tel.: 60.6230. 


15 DE DEZEMBRO DE 1986. 

* A Comlssdo desenvoive uma polftica que tem por 
objectivo assegurar a Igualdade de oportunidades 
entre homens e mulheres em todas as prof issoes. 

Previous experience in WP training, anal- 
ysis, and usage and rome knowledge of 
computer systems are the basic skills re- 
quired. Equally important are the ability 
to work under pressure, sdf motivate, 
communicate well at all levels and pre- 
save a sense of humour. 

The job carries a-good salary, and the 
usual f ' ^ 

firm. Appl 

benefits expected in a City 
enclosing a foil c.v. to; 

BOX A69 



Required for private practice at Lon- 

don Bridge. Monday to Friday 9 till 
5 pm. Salary £8,500 plus 4 weeks 

3 pm. salary ts,x)U plus 4 weeks 
holiday. To start in January 1987. 

Ring 01 487 4695 
for further details. 

UP TO £1 



Required to assist busy entrepeneur involved 
in the leisure industry. Although secretarial 

work is not a major part of the position you 
must have good shorthand and typing speeds 
and be numerate. A very good eatery w S be 
offered depending upon experience. Please 
send c-v. to: 

S. Fanfare Group, 

65 Duke Street, 

London W1M 5DH. 

* # 

‘UfiJ I f 


UP TO £10,000 p.a. 

As Secretary/PA to the Etitor of tote testing Monthly 
magazine, your shorthand and auefio typing sMHs wffl 
contribute gmatly to the nmnfog of toe office. Use your 
organisational skfife to deal with readws' enqtihes, 
attend functions and compose own correspondence. 
Excellent benefits package includes travel discount, LVs, 
BUPA and 5 weeks holiday. 

1 ir . 1 

lull'l l !: 


, - . r | ; " i ' : : ■ % 



London sks office of Bmiih 
company idocaiin to pli«h 
riverside ofikn SEI require? 
imckmL cxhUc person 
arotrad 25/30 W wt for two 
senior oecotives. Good sSon- 
imut typing and ibdriy to run 
office in bosses itacace essot- 
laL Sibrv up 10 £11X000 for 
nriil penon. 

Tdahw bilb Hdhad 
M 01 546 77*» 



E i» m«au«ii c . flexible nJn 
pmon capabtc of good 

typing required by 
TBen. AppUcants should be 

picpmcd to ipread time 
between a super showroom at 
South kemingion and 
BniKnca oflke 

Sntey 1&5W on 
Rja* i^n 589 9457 



£9388 + Benefits 

Looking for a chance 
_ to {move that you 
really can do more 
than type? 

Here 'A is! Fabulous 
' opportunity for an 


organiser to take 

charge of office 
services, purchasing 
and recruitment 
25+ 90/60 

Crated Jaa or Soria 

01 631 4296 




UP TO £8,500 p.a. 

The exerting and glamorous work! of show business 
beckons a compmsnt shorthand secretary to assist 
the manager of this smaO entert ai nment manage- 
ment company in the heart of London's West End. 
You wiB be involved in aS aspects of running the 
office, including plenty of efient contact on the phone 
and in reception. Benefits Include 4 weeks note. 

Please contact See Goedwta quoffeg Ret 0768/1427, 
Alfred Marks BesmBma rt EflPSHBanft , 

29 Dsfce Street, Loadoa Wl. 

Tel: 01-486 6717 


£ 8 , 000 + 

Cool bead*! secretary w#ti 
good typing, administrative 
ability and posrfno character 
required soonest for interest- 
ing fife. Please write to: 

Michael Goedforfs, 
14 Old Bond St, 
London W.1 



£10,000 SW1 

We need a sMtsh Receptionist/T etephorasi who will e 
dealing with Captains of Industry" rad many otter < 
in this glamourous environment Cal) us today! 

Rtog Salty Owens on 01 236 8427 • 

. 4 Pent Street, London SW1X 8EL 


£7,000 p.a. 

This famous Recording Company based in North West 
London are sta king a competent person to fain their 
Accounts Department Training on DEC computer 
system given. Plenty of Bate on both with dJents and 

I- J * • 4 1 4 ' • -vY-1 

Are you young, bright and of smart app- 

Marvellous opportunity January 1987 for 
suitable person as secretaiy/co-ordihator in 
a friendly, comfortable but busy office. 

In addition there are genuine opportunities 
for advancement in other fields for the right 
person who can show willingness for total 

To apply telephone: . 

Alison Strang on 
01-581 5354 

supply of free reconte/Cassettes. Opport u n i ty to 
many social "events' 1 . 

Please coatMl Margaret WkM qndtag Ret 0787/0563 
Wired Maris ReombOHl (tesSin^, 
Cresta Hse, 128 Aadrief Rd, Svfss Cottage, NW3. 


We are four profes- 
sional people. We need 
organising and secre- 
tarial services. A good 
salary will be paid to 

the right person. Apri- 
cot word processing 

cot wore processing 
Knowledge would be an 






Requires fufi time 
constituency secretary 
to work in the House 
•of Commons. Good 
typing and shorthand 
essential. £9,000. 

Oppar&mlty far young effi- 
cient orgsntef wwi boc-wp 
sUls fa gain a vakobte ex- 
perience m PB/Mvwtisng, 
dept of WL End Estea 
Agents. ConMrat cutting 
personaSy more important 
than marfatbg expertenw. 
ConlaclBeBaM Cnnykin ad 
01 9397323 
- (No Agendas). :• - 



A Wacfr ig London besad 
tttamailonal Bank is abexfl 
© open a smsl, prtrabgious 
.***MBto Bank fnaricnbig 
» whgto range at finance 

. ' sentos to wealthy 

■tttokhwb. As part of the 
starHyteam may rsquin a 
. “gw, upfront and 
■Baktoue asastBrt who can 
flmw with tee company. 

fc*j*y yoar whole rote wg 
• IWM nsrything from 
ttoetlng and jnanagSng 
9**ete to organising 
PWnohonal'eiwiita end PR 
work. bnmaoJUta 
presentation and toodri 
aww. knuMy and Htfeflwe 
an the hadiancs of every 
WBtiArer at this 
and succasBftii team. 

SWa: 80/50 Age 35-32 




'. :,j h rh 


w : _i 




Norman’s Irrepressible ambition 

From Colin Mrf] hwllaii ) 

The story of Ross Norman's retail 
to top competition after a severe knee 
mi.?y * a mnch-toved tale among 
mimsmiMls in a sport in which 
Jhiwry frequently spells oblivion. Few 
though, apart from the New Zea- 
lander himself, anticipated that he 
ootud add the extra flourish of 

. • y. V' • •'V 

from bis undefeated rale of fen and 
Me-half years, as happened in the 
tf the UAP world open 
champioitehip here on Tuesday. 

Norman, aged 27, is the 
professionals’ professional. A r ah y *, 
man of almost wispy Mend 
appea rance aad friendly character off 

*ith cold determination, steely bine 
eyes and hair str eaming behind him 
as ftnwigh he were a Viking in pnnmit 
of some sportmg Valhalla. 

The comparison is not so extreme. 
When he lay in the London Hospital 
after damangmg a knee in a parachut- 
ing accident daring the summer of 
1984, Norman swore that he would 
dedi ca te himself to sqnash perfection 
if he were granted him a second 


- .*• v '■ . i ' W 

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■ s- 4 . '• - Mi 

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Benefit for 

“I had reached world No. 8 pro* 

“But*I lay mu^watdung 

smashed-up motorcyclists wheeled 
past me in pieces day after day and I 
promised myself at least fourth world 
ranking if the surgeons put me 
together again. 

“I have always looked for fun and 
adventure. That was why I went 
parachuting that summer. Other 
years it was skiing or scaba (Bring. 
But in London Hospital, looking at a 
leg wasted to skin and bone, I came to 
the coDctnsKffl that professionalism 
required a more serious approach.” 

Released some w hat reluctantly by 
the surgeons, Norman set himself a 
daunting tnjntag schedule. He has 
played sqnash since his father, a 
reared airline pOot, bn3t a couple of 
commercial courts at Whitmans, near 
Auckland, and gave him an old teams 

racket with which to knock a sqnash 
ball about Some say that early 
introduction with such heavy equip- 
ment accounts for Norman's swing 
on both sides of the court. Others 
suggest wryly that 20 years of 

■v ■ • j*. 

✓ .. : *• 
s, . *■ , <• ** mm S **m 

Warning form: Ross Norman displays the power and persistence that Jed 
to Jahangir Khan’s defeat 

competition has taught Norman how 
to fill a squash court weB beyond his 
natural physique. 

Through the antnnu of 1984 and 
into the foDowing year he worked 
eight boors a day with weights and 
racket, often alone ghosting on dark- 
ened comls at dabs near has perma- 
nent home in Heathrow, London, to 

build back the muscle lost in traction 
and the fitness left in a hospital bed. 

By February of 1965 he was strong 
enough toreach the semi-finals of the 
French Open. By October he was 
world No. 2 with a dutch nf major 
tides in his hag and an uncompromis- 
ing determination in his heart to 
overturn Jahangir. 

Last season Norman entered every 
major tonroament in the world, 
winning everything ignored by Jahan- 
gir and losing every other final to tire 
Pakistani, aged 22. In the 1985 world 
open final in Cairo be took his only 
game from a score of beatings and 
knew be had prized open the merest 
ghfnit in the armour that repulsed him 
almost disdainfully on eight other 
occasions in that year. 

“I knew then that there would come 
a day when he was off his game suzd I 
was playing well, and 1 would get 
him," Norman declared. He was 
applauded bat hardly believed. 
Jahangir had broken other pursuers. 
Gamal A wad, of Egypt, never recov- 
ered from a record 2hr 45mm defeat at 
Chichester in 3983. Norman seemed 
destined to play out a constant 
bridesmaid role until some other 
challenger arose. 

But those who know him best, his 
national league team champion col- 
leagues at Cannons Club in London, 
aad those who travel and tram with 
him on tie interna tional circuit, were 
aware that Normas would never be 
broken. Nor would he abandon an 
ambition so firmly set. 

“Ross is a great man to play 
alongside,” Jamie HRkox, the British 
ander-23 champion who leads the 
Inter-City Camion team when Nor- 
man is on international duty, said. “I 
have learnt so much from his example 
about concentration and match 

Chris Robertson, the young Austra- 
lian whose semi-final performance 
against Norman in Toulouse did 
much to set the New Zealander in a 
combative mood for Jahangir, regards 
the new world champion as one of the 
fittest professionals. 

“He is called the Iron Man of the 
circuit,” Robertson said. “Nothing 
deflects him in his training or his 
preparation and when be goes on 
coart he isolates himself against 
everyone rise in die whole world.” 

Norman smiles gently at the 
appellation. His attention now is, 
trained on the silver trophy that 
previously seemed the personal prop- 
erty of Jahangir Khan, and the golden 
opportunity it brings to the 
professionals' professional to profit 
from his long, hard apprenticeship on 
the coarts of the work. 

Tyrrell take pole 
position for the 
new Ford engine 

By John Bhmsden 

The Ford V-8 Formula One 
engine, which dominated grand 
prtx racing for 16 years after its 
debut in 1967, will be making a 
return to the circuit next season 
in a new guise. 

The recently announced 
changes in Formula One regula- 
tions, allowing the readmission 
of normally aspirated power 
units from the beginning of 
1987. has encouraged Cosmnth 
Engineering, Ford's grand prix 
engine partners, to develop a 
three and one-half litre version 
of their famous three litre power 
unit to compete under the new 

A pp ro p riately, the first team 
to be suppbed with the new 
generation engines will be 
Tyrrell, who were the first to 
place an order for the Ford DFV 
when it was put on general sale 
in 1968 (initially it was build 
exclusively for Lotus) and who 
scored the three litre engine's 
last victory (in its final DFY 
form) when Michele Alboreto 
won the 1983 Detroit Grand 
Prix. Tins was the 155th grand 
prix success for the engine. 

The first of the new power 
units, which will carry the 
designation DFZ and for which 
a new electronic management 
system has been developed spe- 
cially. will be delivered to Data 
General Team Tyrrell in Janu- 
ary or February and wifi make 
its debut in a brand new car in 
the opening race of the 1987 
season, the Brazilian Grand Prix 
on March 29. 

Brian Lisles, who has been on 
the technical staff of the Tyrrell 
team since the 1960s, has been 
appointed chief engineer with 
overall responsibility for design 
and development, while Mau- 
rice Phifiippe, hitherto Tyrrell's 
chief designer, is being retained 
as senior design engineer in 
charge of special p ro je cts . 

Since Ken Tyrrell's team has 
been sponsored by Data Gen- 
eral, the international computer 
company have been installing 
extensive computer-aided de- 
sign and manufacturing equip- 
ment at the team's headquarters 

in Ockham, Surrey, and next 
year's car will be the first Tyrrell 
to benefit from this latest type of 
design technology. 

Tbe team are also installing a 
new carbon composite unit at 
Ockham, which means that they 
will be able to manufacture their 
own rncmocoque structures with 
the latest technology for the first 

Ken Tyrrell, in announcing 
his return to Ford power units 
after two seasons with Renault 
turbo-charged engines, ex- 
plained yesterday that the new 
regulations announced by FISA, 
the sport’s governing body, in 
October, mean that the turbos 
are now effectively a dying 
breed and that he was not 
prep a red to put bis team's 
resources behind a formula 
which had no effective future 

“Next year, FISA are operat- 
ing a special competition within 
the world championship for 
users of normally aspirated 
engines, and our prime aim in 
1987 will be to win tbe Jim 
Clark Driver's Cup and the 
Colin Chapman Constructors’ 
Cup before becoming major 
contenders for the world 
championship itself in 1988.” 

There is still no indication 
whether or not Martin Brnndle 
and Philippe Streiff Tyrrell’s 
drivers during the season just 
ended, will be signing new 
contracts with tbe team for next 
season. But with the new design 
facilities at Tyrrell’s disposal 
and the renewal of the Ford 
relationship, which should put 
the team ui a favourable pos- 
ition, should Ford and 
Coswortb elect to develop a 12- 
cylinder enghter as an eventual 
replacement for the V-8, a place 
in a Tyrrell cockpit could well be 
one with a promising long-term 

Ken Tyrrell has been through 
a difficult period in recent years 
as a grand prix team owner 
before securing the right calibre 
of sponsorship and technical 
backup, but now it begins to 
look as though the tide has 
finally turned For him. 

sportsmen J3ittmiir 9 S form revives Normas success inspires the American Express champions 


Some of Britain's top sports- 
men and sportswomen will be 
coming to the aid of their 
disabled counterparts at the 
Players' Theatre, VUliers St, 
Westminster, tonight 
Richard Dodds, the En gland 
hockey captain, Herol Graham, 
the European middlweight box- 
ing champion, and the world 
women's snooker champion, 
Alison Fisher, wifi be among 
those helping to raise money for 
equipment and uniforms re- 

his world ambitions Cannons raze West Country 

Toulouse (Reuter) — One 
pleasing aspect of tins year’s 
UAP World open was the return 
of Chris Dittmar, the ragged 
Australian whose sqnash career 

had a dunce to five like normal 

kids and do stupid things they 
do. So for about seven months I 

By a Special Correspondent 

The Goddard flies in 
the face of progress 

just went berserk. Z went away 
on holiday with all my maxes. I 

looked blighted by umary-After 
14 months away from the 

quired by Britain’s team for the 
Disabled Olympics in Seoul, 

Disabled Olympics in Seoul, 
South Korea, in October, 1988. 
Tbe target is £12,000- • 

Britain's disabled sports team 
won 75 gold medals at their 
1984 Olympics in Los Angeles, 
and were second to the United 
States with a total of 240 

.An evening of old-time music 
hall will be the setting for tbe 
fund-raising exercise, organized 
by Joan Rothschild, tbe chair- 
man of the British Sports 
Association for the Disabled. 

Harry Carpenter and Renton 
Laidlaw. of tbe BBC, will, be 
masters of ceremonies, and 
others present will include: box- 
ing: Bobby Neill, John Stracey, 
Johnny Clark; badminton: 
Helen Troke, Stephen Baddeley, 
Fiona Elliott; gymnastics; Su- 
zanne Dando; judo: Neil Ad- 
ams; golf: Diane Bailey, J10 
Thornhill; cricket Denis Comp- 
ton: swimming: Sharron Davies. 

14 months . away from tbe 
circuit, the 22-year-old left- 
hander, one of the game’s most 
tenacious players, beat three 
top-12 rivals to reach the semi- 
finals, where be took a game off 
Jahangir Khan. ' 

Dittmar bad to work his way 
through the qualifying tour- 
nament before overcoming 
Britain's Geoff Williams, sev- 
enth seed Hiddy Jahan and 
fourth seed Ross Thorne, bm Ms 
9-3, 9-5, 3-9, 9-1 defeat frus- 
trated hi m . 

But, he conceded, he had 
exceeded his initial 

expectations. “You always have 
to have luck. I've had heaps. I 
should have lost in the first 
round qualifying. I was match- 
ball down and I think 1 
shouldn't be here,” he admitted. 

But it has taken more than 
hick for the South Australian, 
who wondered whether he 
would return to the game after 
undergoing three operations on 
his left knee. 

“Ever since I left school I've 
been on the circuit and never 

on holiday with all my maxes. I 
got bloody huge. 1 jnst drank 
and ate, all those sorts of things. 

“At one stage I really wasn't 
iwt y dn g the squash circuit. But 
then I guess gradually yon get 
side of reading everybody rise's 
'results and you think T want to 
be there.'”’. He said Ids knee had 
been fine during tbe tournament 
but stiO tended to get sore with 
continuous running. 

Dittmar was world number 
two when injury struck. “1 was 
training with the Australian 
Rules Football team — just 
downing around — and I ftB 
very badly,'’ he said. 

After nine months he at- 
tempted a comeback in New 
York, but broke down again, 
and did not return until 

Ross Norman’s victory over 
J ahang ir Khan in Toulouse on 
Tuesday obviously had an 
inspiring effect on his team 
colleagues at Intercity Cannons. 

Last season’s American Ex- 
press premier league champions 
were on their way to a tricky 
away fixpue *fp»«** Halls West 
Country in Weston-super-Mare 
when news reached them that 
Neuman, who had won all nine 
of his matches for the club in 
their run to the title, had 
infficted on the Pakistani his 
first defeat since April of 1981. 

Since that, he has climbed to 
34th place in the world rankings. 
“It’s been tough. I find it hard 
going day in day out, bat I've 
just got to get used to it again. I 
need hard matchplay,” he said. 

“I'd like to be number one,” 
he finished. “You're in the game 

Tbe Cannons squad duly 
. celebrated with a 4-1 win, 
highlighted by performances 
from their coach, Neil Harvey, 
who recovered from two games 
down to defeat Robert Owen, 
and from the four-times British 
nnder-23 champion, Jamie 
Hickox, who overturned tbe 
international pecking order with 
a fine victory over the world 
No. 19, Jan Utf Soderberg, 

described his quarter-final de- 
feat of Sodeiberg as his best 
single performance for some 
three years. 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

Chris Dittmar, who had de- 
feated Ross Thorne, tbe world 
No. 4, to reach the semi-finals 
in Toulouse, repeated that vic- 
tory to give Visco Monroe, of 
Wakefield, their first win of the 
current Amex campaign. 
Thorne’s Village Club. ofPresi- 
wich. are still seeking theirs. 

defeat “It will give me > 
chance to come back and try to 
win the tide next time” he said. 
“People must be thinking I 
aright be crying or something 
hat to be honest I don’t really 
feel (anything) about it. It's not 
the end of the world.’' 

At the other end of the table. 
Phil Kenyon, tbe England 
No. I, led Pounds! retchers 

Dunnings Mill to their fifth win 
in as many matches. Kenyon 
beat a fellow- Lancastrian, 
David Pearson, to clinch a 3-2 
home win for tiw league leaders. 

RESULTS Halts West Country jfWtaffln- 
su per -Mara) i. IntafOty Cannons 

Ojondon) 4; Home Mas _Nouinflh am 2, 
AnfletflOHaB * ** * ‘ "™ 

to win everything. I aim to go as 
high as 1 can.” 

Hickox and Soderberg will be 
better able than most to appre- 
ciate the magnitude of 
Norman's achievement in 
France. They were both beaten 

' aster) 3; Arrow ' 

Mon roe (Wake 
PoundstrnWw EXsmmgs MB 
Gratstead) 3. Chapa Aflenon (Unas) «E 
Manchester Northern a Skol Leicester 2. 

by Jahangir Khan on his way to 
that historic meeting with Nor- 
man, mustering just nine points 
between them. Indeed Jahangir 

Lomus powfiot m 1. Dunnings USD. 
points: 2, Leicester, to; 3, Manchester 2S; 
4. Cannons 24; 5. Chapel Mtorton, 17; S, 
Nomngham J5: 7. West Country. 14; & 
Visco. 10: 9. Ardtetgh Hal. 9: 10, Arrow 
vmage. 2 . 

One English trout fly pattern, 
and only one, did we see during 
a three-week fishing trip to the 
American west, to the rivers of 
Montana and Wyoming. We call 
the fry the G and H Sedge. The 
Americans, who know nothing 
of sedges, call it the Goddard 

What a surprise and pleasure 
it was to walk into a fly tackle 
shop in West Yellowstone, a 
frontier town in the Rockies, to 
be told by the guide who was to 
lake us fishing the Henry's Fork 
of the Snake River. “You’ll want 
tbe Goddard and the Elk Hair if 
the caddis are hatching." 

There it was, an old friend 
from the English reservoirs, the 
G and H Sedge, designed some 
20 years ago by John Goddard 
and Cliff Henry, seen among 
dozens, even hundreds, of pat- 
terns of American dry flies, all of 
which were strangers. 

A good many of tbe American 
flies were dressed with materials 
which were new to ns. In tbe 
dubbing there was very tittle 
sign of hare’s ear or seal's fur. 
The wings of spinners we marie 

of polymers, synthetic materials 
which are die by-products from 
the oil refineries. Multi-strand 
fibres marketed as Amron and 
Fly-Rite are being used more 
and more. Other new ones are 
coming on the tnarket- 

American inventiveness has 
already had a considerable in- 
fluence over here. Their lead- 
beaded jigs and muddlers are 
seen everywhere on English 
reservoirs. Will the new materi- 
als they are now using for their 
dry flies ultimately change our 
traditional chalk stream pat- 
terns, some of which date back 
to Charles Cotton and beyond? 
It is an interesting speculation. 

One thing is cenain. It is now, 
for the first time, possible to tie 
Charles Cotton's Blue Dun 
without using a single natural 
fibre. Everything can be 
matched by man-made materi- 
als. Matched? Some would say 
improved, because of the inbuilt 
sparkle which is lacking in a 
natural fur dubbing. How long 
natural materials are going to 
survive is a question that can 
now seriously be considered. 

Court of Appeal 

Law Report November 13 1986 

Court of Appeal 

Standard of proof in contempt cases Breach of duty to another’s worker 

Dean v Dean 

Before Lord Justice Dillon, 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown and 
Lord justice Neill 
[Judgment November 10J 

The appropriate standa rd of 
proof to be applied in committal 
proceedings for civil contempt 
of court was the criminal stan- 
dard. namely, proof beyond 
reasonable doubt- 

The Court of Appeal so stated 
dismissing an appeal by the 
husband. Mr Shane Brace Ar- 
nold Dean, from a decision of 
Mr Assistant Recorder Victor 
Hall given on October 30, 1986. 
Following divorce proceedings 
by the wife. Mrs Susan Elizabeth 
Dean, the husband had given 
undertakings not to m olest. 
assault or otherwise interfere 
with the wife or the child of the 
marriage, and to vacate the 
matrimonial home. 

The assistant recorder, having 
directed himself that proof to 
the civil standard would suffice, 
found the husband gusty of 
three charges of contempt and 
committed him to prison for 
three months. 

Mr James Munby and Mr 
Peter Starcevic for the husband; 
Mr Paul Rippon for the wife. 

said that the problem which 
arose in the present case, hap- 
pened because of the decision of 
Mr Justice Hutchison in tvesi 

Oxfordshire District Council v 
Sendee Ltd {The Tones October 
30, 1986) which was applied by 
Hie assistant recorder. 

The West Oxfordshire case 
concerned the sequestration of a 
company's assets for contempt 
in a nuisance case. A dispute 
arose between counsel about the 
relevant standard of proof in 
relation to a breach of an 
undertaking. For the defendant 
it was argued that it was the 
criminal standard of proof 
whereas the plaintiff contended 
that it was the the civil standard 
of proof . 

Mr Justice Hatchtson 
adopted the fatter view being 
influenced by the observations 
of Lord Scarman in R v Sec- 
retary of Suae for the Home 
Department, Ex parte Khawaja 
([1984] AC 74). 

The matter which weighed 
with Mr Justice Hutchison was 
that he regarded an application 
for committal for civil contempt 
as a civil matter and not a 
criminal matter and he applied 
Lord. Scarman's statement m an 

First, was Mr Justice 
Hutchison right or not? If he 
was not right then the direction 
by the assistant recorder was a 

Second, what were the con- 
sequences of that misdirection 
on the three charges found 
proved by the assistant re- 

In Deborah Building Equip- 
ment ltd v Sazffco lid ( The 
Times November 5, 1986) Mr 
Justice Potts, differing from Mr 
justice Hutchison, held that the 
criminal standard of proof was 
the appropriate one in a 
committal for a civa contempt. 

So far as the point of law was 
concerned it bad long been tbe 
view that proceedings for civil 
contempt of court were not 
ordinary civil proceedings. In 
Danchersky v Danchevsky (No 
2) (umeported November 10. 
1977) Lead Justice Lawton said 
that a contempt of court was a 
common law misdemeanour. 

The criminal nature of a 
contempt charge bad been taken 
into account many times: see In 
re Brambhrude lid ([1970] 1 Ch 
128; 137) where Lora Denning, 
Master of the Rolls, stmt “A 
contempt of court is an offence 
of a criminal nature. A man may 
be sent to prison for it It must 
be satisfactorily proved. To use 
the time honoured phrase, it 

there was no need to import into 
tha t sort of case the formula 
used for the guidance of juries in 
criminal cases. 

Their Lordships had to con- 
sider two aspects of the present 

must be moved beyond reason- 
able doubt-’’ 

Normally a judge sitting alone 
without a jury would make 
fi nding s of fact without ex- 
pressly directing himself as to 
what the correct standard of 
proof was. In tbe present case 
the assistant recorder did so 
because the decision of Mr 
Justice Hutchison in tbe West 
Oxfordshire case had been re- 
ported in The Times that morn- 

His Lordship had no doubt 
that the assistant recorder and 
Mr Justice Hutchison were 
wrong. It hud long been known 
that a civil contempt had to be 
established to the criminal stan- 
dard of proof. 

Tbe question which then 
arose was what the effect of that 
general ruling had on the 
particular charges which were 
alleged a pmai the husband. 

In his Lordship's view, the 
evidence on the charges would 
haw stood up to tbe criminal 
standard of proof. _ In those 
circumstances, the misdirection 
by the assistant recorder would 
have had no bearing on the 
outcome. Therefore, not- 
withstanding the misdirection. 
his Lordship would dismiss the 

Lord Justice Stephen Brown 
and Lord Justice Neill agreed. 

Solicitors: Hegarty & Co, 
Peterborough; Ward Gethin. 

Regina v Mara 

Before Lord Justice Parker, Mr 
Justice Hodgson and Mr Justice 


[Judgment November 5] 

Where machinery belonging 
to a cleaning and maintenance 

company was left at a store 
which tbe company was under 

contract to dean, and tbe com- 
pany agreed that employees of 
the store could use the 
company's machines for part of 
the cleaning, the director of the 
company was in breach of his 
duty under section 3<i) of tbe 
Health and Safety at Work Act 
1974 when because of a fault in a 
cable one of tbe employees of 
the sure was electrocuted while 
using one of the company’s 

The Court of Appeal so held 

unanimously when dismissing 
the appeal of John Joseph Mara 
against his conviction on Feb- 
ruary 27, 1986 in Warwick 
Crown Court (Judge Harrison 
Hall and a jury) of failing to 
discharge an employer’s duty 
under the 1 974 Act. for which he 
was fined £200. 

Section 3(1) of tbe 1974 Act 
provides: “It shall be the duty of 
every employer to conduct his 
undertaking in such a way as to 
ensure, so far as is reasonably 
practicable, that persons not in 
his employment who may be 
affected thereby are not thereby 
exposed to risks to their health 
or safety." 

Mr John West, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. for the appellant: Mr l.H. 
Foster for the Crown. 


Retina v Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, Ex 
parte KhaJed 
Before Mr Justice Onon 
[Judgment November 7] 

’s case 

Bangladesh, by way of certiorari 
to quash a decision of an 
immigration officer that be was 
an illep) entrant who should be 
removed from the United King- 

son. The applicant was then 13 
or 14 years old. 

That was the first occasion 
that he realised that a deception 
had been pe r pet ra ted on bis 
behalf in older for him to gain 

Where an applicant discov- 
ered that his entry 
United Kingdom was obtained 
through a deception by a third 
party, he was BOl enutled to 
remain and was 30 
tram in breach of section 33{ 1 ) 
of the Immigration Art 1971. in 
• -gjile of the feci that, be pky<» 
no pan m the deception. 

Mr Justice Orion so beW in 
the Queen's Bench Diviston 
dismissing an appUcauon for 
indicia! review by the applicant 
Abdul Khalcd, who was bom m 

Miss Jacqueline Beech for the 
applicant; Mr John Laws for the 
secretary of state. 

entry imo the United Kii _ 

After the applicant's marriage 
in 19S4 it was agreed that he 
should attempt io regularise bis 
immigration status. He con- 
sulted a solicitor who applied to 
the Home Office oa his behalf, 
requesting that be be allowed to 
stay in the UK and referring to 
bis marriage to a British citizen. 

Following an imervjew with 
immigration officials the ap- 
plicant was served with a notice 
that the immigration officer was 
satisfied that he was an illegal 
entrant. He was subsequently 

that in 1979. on inquiries to his 
parents by tetter, the apptacant 
learnt that they had paid the 
equivalent of £L500 to a Mr Ah 
to gain entry into the United 
Kingdom on his behalf and that 
that was effected id 1973. by Mr 
Ali representing to the immigra- 
tion officials at Heathrow Air- 
port that the applicant was his 

served with a removal notice. 

His Lordsbip said that R v 
Governor of Ashford Remand 
Centre. Ex parte Bouxagou (The 
Times July 4. lfo3>, a decision 
of the Divisional Court, could 
stand alongside the decision in 
R v Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, Ex parte 
Khawaja ([1984] AC 74) and 
was not inconsistent with it. 

should be removed from the 
ambit of the contract and at that 
time GMjS. agreed at the re- 
quest of 1-S. that their cleaning 
machines could be used by 1-S- 
employees for cleaning the load- 
ing bay. and to the appellant’s 
knowledge they were so used. 

On November 10. 1984 an 
employee of 13. was us in g a 
C.M.S. polisher/scrubber for 
darning the loading bay when 
be was electrocuted because of 
u> the defective condition of tbe 
machine’s cable. 

The point arising on the 
appeal was a short point of 
construction. It had been 
submitted that C.M.S. were not 
in breach of the duty imposed by 
section 3(1) because on Novem- 
ber 10 (a Saturday) they were 
not conducting their undertak- 
ing at all, and that the only 
undertaking then being con- 
ducted was the undertaking of 

However, in their Lordships’ 
judgment it was not permissible 
to treat tbe section as being 
applicable only when an under- 
taking was in the process of 
actively being carried on. 

The undertaking of C.M.S. 
was the provision of cleaning 
services. So far as LS. was 
concerned the way in which 

C.M.S. conducted its undertak- 
ing was to do the clea n i n g on 
weekday mornings and leave its 
machines and other equipment 
on tbe premises in the intervals 
with permission for LS. employ- 
ees to use tbe same, with 
knowledge that they would use 
the same. 

That equipment included an 
unsafe cable. The failure to 
remove or replace that cable was 
clearly a breach by C.M.S. of Hs 
duty to its own employees 
imposed by section 2(2}(a) and 
lb) of the Act. 

The manner in which CM3, 
carried out its undertaking was 
such that it had not provided 
and maintained plant which 
was. so far as reasonably prac- 
ticable. safe, nor had it made 
arrangements for ensuring, so 
far as reasonably practicable, 
safely in connection with tbe use 
and handling of articles. 

Since the cable would or 
might be used by LS. employees 
it followed that I.S. employees 
might be affected by and ex- 
posed to risks by the way in 
which C.M.S. carried out its 

It was contended that if 
section 3(1) was sufficiently 
wide to cover the present and 

other like cases there would be 
no need for section 6. and that 
sections 3. 4, S and 6 were in 
some way mutually exclusive. 

In their Lordships’ judgment 
that contention was untenable, 
h might well be that a person 
liable under one of the later 
sections would at the same time 
be liable under section 3, but 
that was the inevitable result of 
the wide working of section 3 
and should in practice cause no 

Id their Lordships’ judgment 
there was a clear case for the 
appellant to answer and he was 
rightly convicted. 

Solicitors: J.V. Vobe & Co, 

less onerous 

Custody order before 
reports was wrong 

Foster for l he Crown. 

Here the applicant had no 
leave to enter at all and had no 
right to remain in the UK- He 
was in breach of section 33( l ? of 
the Immigration Act 1981. That 
required no intent on behalf of 
the applicant. 

Solicitors: Simons, Muirhead. 
Allan «L Burton: Treasury Solic- 

said that the appellant was a 
director of a small company. 
C.MiL Cleaning and Mainte- 
nance Ltd. In December 1983 
C.M.S. entered imo a contract 
with International Stores pic 
(LS.) to clean their premises-. 
The work involved the use of 

certain electrical cleaning ma- 
chines provided by C.M.S. and 
these were left on the 1-S. 
premises when C.M.S. employ- 
ees were not there. Tbe ma- 
chines included a 

Because the cleaning of the 
loading bay for the store in the 
mornings was inconvenient it 
was agreed that its cleaning 

In re W (a Minor) 

A judge was plainly wrong in 
law in giving the interim cus- 
tody. care and control of three 
young girls to their mother, 
against whom serious allega- 
tions had been made by tbe 
children's fathers, without hav- 
ing beard evidence or received 
reports from a welfare officer. 

The Court of Appeal (Sir 
Nicolas Browne-Wilkiji5on. 
Vice-Chancellor, Lord Justice 
Balcombe and Lord Justice 
Bingham) so held on November 
10 allowing appeals by the two 
fathers from the interim orders 
of Mr Justice Hollis in the 
Family Division on October 17. 


BALCOMBE said that the 
judge's derision on an interim 

matter could only be upset if it 
was plainly wrong. Allegations 
had been made against the 
mother that if made out placed 
the three children at risk. 

They involved her drinking, 
leaving the youngest child who 
was eight unattended and the 
drunkenness of her boyfriend: 
all matters that required proper 
investigation. Owing to their 
work-load the social services 
had told the judge that they 
required three to four months to 
prepare reports. 

Nevertheless the position was 
that the judge could not have 
been satisfied that the childrens 
welfare was safe living with their 
mother. He should have ad- 
journed the case for a welfare 
officer to attend and for some 
kind of reports from the social 

UBH (Mechanical Ser- 
vices) Ltd v Standard Life 
Assurance Co 

A covenant to use “reason- 
able endeavours” was less oner- 
ous than one to use “best 
endeavours”. A lessee required 
to use reasonable endeavours 
was entitled to perform a 
balancing act, placing on one 
side of the scales tbe weight of 
his obligations to the lessor and 
on the other commercial consid- 
erations. including his relation- 
ships with his sub-tenants, his 
reputation as a landlord, and the 
uncertainties of tnigation. 

Wherea failure to use reason- 
able endeavours had been estab- 
lished, the burden remained on 
the plaintiff to prove that dam- 
age had been caused by the 
failure and the extent of tbe 

Mr Justice Rougier so held in 
a reserved judgment in the 
Queen’s Bench Division on 
November 7, giving judgment 
for the plaintiff lessor for sums 
due under a lease but wrongftdly 
withheld by the defendant les- 
see. but dismissing its claim for 
damages for the defendant's 
alleged failure to comply with a 
leasehold covenant to use 
reasonable endeavours. 

id ro 
as an 

at and 
tgles is 
d mil- 

10 mil - 
expen- I 
ut not 
tis are 

>f this 
if £70 








* * * *_**_SL 


I Haventalight to help 
brighten Winter’s day 

■v{ ■ ,■ 1 *-. 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

U should pay to follow the 
mw combination of Fred 
Winter and Peter Scudamore 
again at Wincanton today 
when l envisage the pair 
landing a double with Malya 
Mai (2.15) and I Haventalight 

Following that dead-heat 
with Arctic Beau at Newbury 
three weeks ago, I 
Haventalight is napped to win 
the Silver Buck Chase, a race 
that has blossomed this season 
now that one of the big names 
in racing has not scared off the 
opposition as has happened so 
often in the past 

At Newbury, I Haventalight 
looked as though a race would 
do him a power of good and he 
ran that way, leading until 
tiling towards the finish. 

With that race under his 
belt, he will be both fitter and 
sharper this time and looks 
capable of beating Charter 
Party, Simon Legree and 
Rhyme *N Reason, none of 
whom have run this term. 

David Nicholson withdrew 
Charter Party from what was 
to have been his first race at 
Cheltenham last Friday be- 
cause he was unhappy with the 
state of the ground. Alter more 
rain he need have no such 
qualms now. 

When he ran in the 

corresponding race last year, 
prior to contesting the 
Hcnnessy Gold Cup which is 
a gai n his principal objective, 
Charter Party finished second 
although he looked unlucky 
not to beat Duke of Milan. 

As Nicholson remains ada- 
mant that he is a horse who 
always needs a race to bring 
him to peak fitness be is liable 
to find I Haventalight very 
hard to beat this time. 

Earlier in the day his travel- 
ling companion Malya Mai 
will also find Von Trappe a 
difficult nut to crack in the 
Badger Beer Handicap Chase 
if he gets his act together. 

Brimful with talent, Von 
Trappe remains something of 
an enigma because of his 
careless approach to jumping. 

Over today's distance of 
two miles and five furlongs 
that habitual trail-blazer Duke 
of Milan should last longer 
than he did at Ascot when: he 
seemed to find three miles too 

On the other hand. I was 
impressed by Malya Mai at 
Newbury nine days ago and 
remain convinced that he will 
be mote effective now that he 
is racing on a right-handed 
course because of his tendency 
to jump that way. 

No matter how Von Trappe 

fares, his trainer Jenny Pitman 
can win the Mendip Hills 
Novices’ Chase with Wader 
Measure who seem to begoing 
better than Imperial Cham- 
pagne at Chepstow where be 
tipped up three fences from 

Twelve months ago, the 
Salisbury Handicap Hurdle 
was won by Hypnosis who led 
all the way. With David 
Elsworth’s stable on a crest no 
one should be surprised if he 
repeats that performance this 
afternoon even on his sea- 
sonal debut. For he is a very 
hard horse to catch when 

Anyone who was at 
Chepstow on November 1 and 
noticed the way that Nose Too 
Dear finished m second place 
behind Fort Rupert will not 
look further for the probable 
winner of the Romanoff 
Vodka Conditional Jockeys 
Novices* Hurdle at Towoester. 

At Uttoxeter, all eyes will be 
on that useful mare Janie Pat 
as she embarks upon her 
steepiecbasiiig career with a 
crack at the Foundation 
Novices* Chase. 

Later in the day the recent 
Wetherby winner Comeragh 
King can carry his penalty in 
the Redbank Chimney Pot 
Handicap Hurdle. 

* “'-v ; - vtvC • ■: 

»*■ •J&.Wi' W-i-'Jwt.'Aw V«r . . i 

Harvey rising stai 
of the captain s 
riding academy 

*nm Fbrswr is xaxndly acqmr- 
« a reputation for being as 
food a producer of National 
Hnnt jockeys as be is at training 
Grand National winners. 

And yesterday at Ncwb ory a 
new rising star emerged fit® 1 
Letcombc Bassett when Luke 
Harvey landed a double of 
‘ 37-1 on Care and Ten In 





wf • 

ion Handicap Pa**!, 

israr laves ood^ 
and is always 

^co aHe to. bowl afong i 

N^ofaon- Bann Oak ow 

umea run . w ^‘ SSZSTHwvev’* coioun tc _ 

Itsgoltabealright u the Brigadier 1 cSEJJrsoldferf # 
uSZKrmn chase, vktoryra Sandown'5 soxuera w 


**With all respect to Fhaictae 
Nretwlsoa," said the normally 
nascent captain, after the 2 U- 
ycar-oid Devon born rider bad 
produced Care with a wen- 
timed run to beat 

Burnt Oak and Richard Dmnraody Mazing a winning brail in the , _ 

at Newbury yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stemut) 

i Chase 


Guide to our in-line racecard 

103(19) 0-0432 TH4E5FQRM (CD£F) (Mrs J Rytay) B Hefl 9-10-0 , 



By Mandarin 

1.1 5 Winter Measure. 
MS Scatterbuck. * 

2.15 Malya Mai. 

2.45 1 HAVENTALIGHT (nap). 
3.15 Musical Mystery. 

3.45 Hypnosis. 

By Michael Seely 

2.45 Charter Party. HYPNOSIS (nap). 

The Times Private Handicapper’s top rating: 3.15 MUSICAL MYSTERY. 

Going; good 

1.15 MENDIP HELLS NOVICES CHASE (£1 ,664: 2m) (12 runners) 

3 33223-3 GAWIES CLOWN (Mrs J OHwantJ O Baworth 6-11-2 

4 2PDU22- HK (Mrs GMefwran) l Dudgeon 3-11-2. 

5 104/32-1 IMPERIAL CHAMPAGNE (D)(C Raymond) MtesJThome 81 1-2- 

B 2003-12 JACUZZI (N Leggett) P Haynes 6-1 1 -2 

7 Q/PF43P- LARRY-0 (D Andrews) F Winter 6-11-2 

8 0O323R MATCH MASTB1 (J B Stafford) H CTNa* 

10 11200F- SUMMONS (Mrs S EMbtacos) J Gifford 7-11-2 

11 10042/0- THRUCHAM LAD (Mbs J Southed) D Tucker 8-1 1-2 

13 010Q3-F WINTER MEASURE (BF)(P Mato) Mrs JPttnen 81 1-2 

. RAman 
P Barton 

— 10-1 

A Webb 

P Scudamore 
_ R Domioody 

97 114 

— 9-1 
>99 10-1 

82 — 

— 7-1 

14 004-PPF GOLD CREEK (Q (B Mtchan M M>Mtt 5-11-0. 

15 OPOOBB JBIMY EDWARDS (Dr OCtesnay) Dr DCIwsney 5-11-0. 

17 3R00D-2 CAM9ELLE(B) (Me) N Martin) NMtcM 8-10-11 


M Pitman — F9-4 
, B Wright 

DrDChesney — — 
87 5-1 

190&PBMAPS LUCKY 81812 RAmoB (3-1) DEbworth 6 ran 

crtDM CAWCS CLOWN (10-11) not tfaqraead on reappeara nce wh en 51 3rd to Wno Pasta (11-9) at 
rurun SandtoWT(2m5f map H. £2717. good. Nov 1.rf^HIPauU.CHA ^C M C PP-1^>i»^rip 

at Chepstow (&n. £1569. good to soft. Novi. 11 ran), a race in wtoch 
wea whan corning downSouL JACUZZI (1 t-10) one paced a red to 

beat ttie IB-fated saw Sebright (181 
WMIEH MEASURE (10-13) ran 
FB>(11-5) at Pwiroton (2m H’caa 

rant MATCH MASTER. . . — ... .... 

rant CAMEBHl£ho-a tad JIMMY EDWARDS (10-13)301 away in 3rd whan 81 2nd toCWppad Matal(10-13) 
aw^ru £1556. good io aoft. Nov 1. 11 ran). 

2m 6f) (23 runners) 

1 3212 SCATTBOUCK (M BradstocK) F WaMiyn 5-11-11 MB*dModr(7) 95F3-1 

2 OUO-1 SUPER BROY (Mra M Sada) J GiNixd 5-11-11 — TGobOmri 94 4-1 

3 2-F0133 KUTAI7S BELLE (Southern Racing LW) D Barons 5-11-4 Min T Davis (7} 8010-1 

5 B BRAVE ADMBIALJRTootWNHandoraoo 6-1 1-6 JB*fcoo(7) — 12-1 

6 00/2041 BMANOGAN (Mrs J Cotton) T Pantar 6-11-5 MAimytago(7) 95 0-1 

7 000-20 CAMSJLA’S CHOKE (BP) (M Nngsim) S Malar 5-11-5 TMkMip) 86 12-1 

9 0-PP004 DUNCLMFE DANCBI (N Thranson) N UKWBon 5-11-5- 

10 000/040- GILES CROSS JDr DChMney) Dr DChamy 7-11-5 __ 

11 0020-63 GOOD MVE5TMNT (B Uawelyn) B UmMyn 5-1 1-5 — 

13 822203 HOUNSTOW (B) (MoJ S Edwid^ G Pi«5t 8-11-6 

S StKfcMnd (7) 

04J8CP KING'S SLAVE (W Harrison-Alan) G DoMga 5-1 1-5 . 

OOPOO-2 KNOB) OBI (P Hannen) Mbs E Soeyri 7-11-5 

000400 UFTMGH(MBitiootq DR Tudor 7-11-5. 

00/ MAJESTIC BRANDY (CNntOC Nadi 8-1 1-5. 

■ Mbs B UmaaRyn 

— T Edmnls (7) 
™ IBm A Dm (7) 

— C Bracks (4) 

04Q/00P SHAMROCK NAI. 009 ETapln)J Tapfei 7-1 1-5 . 
F WOODROW LAD (F HabtorfioM) p Hobbs 5-11-5- 

40241 ANAGMOffS DAUGHTER (A Raison) K BWnp 5-1 T 
-P CLAN ROYAL (G Isaac) J71iomaB8-114L 
-0 GLBOMNE LADY (N BucMand) R Parker 5-1141 

Mbs G Armtage (4) 
G Upton (7) 

00- MLLY-DOWN LASS (P Harman) Mias E Sneyd 5-11-0. 
APPEAL p Tucker) D Tuckar 5-114) 

33 9441 CBORNE EXPRESS (J DimgreQ R Hotter 8-11-0 

35 OFP-O TRUE POETRY (D Undennod) D Undanvood 5-11-0 


FORM SCArnamUCK fa oondawK and was right up to term (11-3) 101 behind Wnggwood KBdiana 
rWiim ( 11 - 3 ) hare at Wincanton ow today's dbtonoa CT44. good. Oct 30. 19 SStGY 

fl 1-g aaa hard rtddanlo beat WgtniaPagcanl/f0-13/1)tl at Fkimptan (2m 41.2885, good. Oa 28. 17 rani 

I OBI (10-10) almosl defied 

K^ds. £l 329. good. ( 
season (io-§|£iaM 


tBAUGHTBI needed raqacnrafopeaianca. B eat aita t fe 
rpi-7) at Newton AU>ot(2m 5t. £1 460, good to soft. May 9. 16 ran). 


Course specialists 






F Winter 











S Smith Eccfas 




F Wtewjii 




P Barton 




D Eteworth 












C Brown 




L KennanJ 








Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Stx-figura 
form (F-feB. P-nioed up. U^jnseaied rider. B~ 
brougtn down. S-sfippeoiA. R-refused). Hone's 
njtfne{B-bflrkera- V-vfeor. HJxxxL E^yasMahLC- 
coursa wmnar. Distance winner. CtXouneand 

distance winner. BF-tjaatan tavoioPe in 
non. Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
wwgSL Rider plus any aHawanca. The Tines 
Prisate Hanficapper*s rating. Approximate starting 

P»«i. _ • 

2.15 ‘BADGER ffiER’ HANDICAP CHASE (£4,277: 2m 5f) (6 runners) 

B«a Hmu 

2 RRN-F VON TRAPPE (PScaoimel) BAS JPttmsi 8-11-7 

3 21F3-01 MALYA MAL (SheMi A Abu Khamsin) F Winter 7-10-1 1(4ex)— 

5 2110-23 DUKE OF MILAN (CJBF) (R Morrts-Adafn*) N Gasetae 9-10-8 _ 

6 P2I24U- CATCH PHRASE (C) (Ken Can) J OOord 8 - 1 D-7 ; — 

9 6323441 TW OXWIY STONE (CJflIAs A Tay*x) Mss J Tbome 9-1M ^ SStolAEcolas 
12 P10104 LUCKY IffiW (CD) (Ms M Temhain) T BrJgn 11-10-0 BPowel 

96 96 
94 8*1 




1985: OYSTER POND 8-11-4 G McCourt (20-1) M McCourt 7 ran 

CADU VON TRAPPE to nottiw safest of>> is notation on talent as a (10-11) iKl beating of 
rumn couree speciafiat Everett (ll-B)at Kempaon (2m At. £2580. fkm. May 6. 7 ran) proved. MALYA 
MAL (166) showed improved form on tofeat start whan boding ftmniar Charte (10-2) 41 et Newbury (2m 41, 

‘ Nw 5, 7rart|*dviaijsiy(11-1)liad THE COUNTY STONE (1043) Klbacicin6Biwtwn5w5tt)ta 

, M 3) at ChoKenhem ten 4J. E476 good tn . Oct 22. 7 ran). DUKE OF MEAN on raappeer- 

. 41 ted to Broutoatfi BtSapstoivffmrSsW, Srm. Od4. 7ran). CATCH PMMSE(T0-19Md 
. season wtwn aj 2nd to Charter Party (10-10) at CMtenhamOni If. £15658. good. Mar 13. 16 ran). 

BasrefTHE COUNTY STONE'S later atongs last season (124)) whan a Sid to EastwCaniMf10-L2)atTaun- 

ton (2m 31. £1923. soft, Apr 24. 12 ran). LUCKY HEW (11-1) outclassed wtien 19 3rd to HsM Froa (11-8) on 
reappearance hare (2m sT£3714, good. Oct 30. 6 ran). Setocfiom THE COUNTY STONE ' 

2^ SILVB1 BUCK LIMITED HANDICAP CHASE (£3^94: 3m If) (7 runners) 

2 80214-F BEAU RANGER (C)(WMe Bros LOQ Mss J Thome 8-11-7 SSaMEcclaa 98132 

3 F210I1- CHARTBI PARTY (MnJ Mould) DWchatoon 8-11-4 R P— woody 98F94 

5 2P13W- SIMON LEGREE (Mrs S N QntMoos) J Gtifud 9-10-11 H Rowe •« 8-1 

7 23314-1 I HAVENTALIGHT « (Ton«K LM) F Wniar 7-HK7. P Sc u damore 9711-4 

8 U1/8P02- RHYME YT REASON D(M»jnead)DMunarSnMi 7-10-7 GBradfey 9114-1 

9 133B-1B BR0ADWATH(C1))(M Marsh) DBarara 9-10-7 PMckMto 10 4-1 

12 204133 BKKLBGH BRIDGE ftD) (S Burteld) J Robmts 12-10-7 LHanmy(4) 1120-1 

1965: Daks 0( Mm 8-11-11 S Srutth Ecdes (4-9 tav) N Gasetee 4 ran 

tost suooessM whan beating Ryeman (11-6) 10 at Wsth w tw (2m 
praviousto (11-3) Urtshed 1>fl 3rd to The Tsaravteh (11-6), wtth BE 
nckugari BWOGE no-1) piBed rc at OwBBnhamBin 4t. £ 122 ! 

mm KA^JERfll-sftanseSSi-fcsw?^.^ 
MM Inal) Ilf* lllllM 


, . — ■■(ll-fflauccessJm an raappeenmce^N^. . _ _ „ 

[1 1-2) ai Newtxaypm. £1983, good. Oct 24. 4 ram. RHYME W REASON (10-483 bast affertl 
l(5KI5lh to Rui and SaptH-lTatSandown (3m 9. £10384,80(1, Jan 4,8 ranLUOADHEA' 
down at the fito fence when behind inMacfcascn Gold Cup on Sidorday. eerier (1 1-10) sue 
pearmce whan beari ng Duke Of Wan f11-^>nea»y4i.w{ttilBlTl| I I HII Will llilf M M 
4th at Chepstow (3m. MM 

(2m 4L £12250. good, Mar 12, IB ran). 

(fl-1) 4KI back in 5to and 

Lad | 

■Arctic Beau 
■Mason when 
JHtaawt brought 

pearance when bearing Duka Of Man ( 

4th at Chepstow (3m. £4503. Srm. 004,7 (Wi). Setocri o u. CHARTER PARITY 

another SKI beck m 

3.15 HOPEFUL NOVICES HURDLE (4-Y-tt £958: 2m) (23 nmnere) 








ABM LAD (AM» Double Gtazlng Ltd) Mrs JPtoaan 10-10. 
ABOU-AZEC(M Medgwk*) M Medgwick 10-10- 

— 12-1 

AHOTHBI BBIG (Miss B Patching) A Moora 10-10- 

A Medgwick — . 

BUMIOOK (Unity fen Hd Can LkQ P Hobb* 10-10. 
B3-2 BUTTS BAY (P Canar) J (Pd 10-10- 

Candy Moon (7) — ■ — 

COPGROVE (Ms F Bowden) P Bowden 10-10. 
POKE JUDGE (8 Pnwton) T Forster 10-10- 

. GBradhy 8018-1 

0 GRAND CELEBRATION (Beats Lsd) R Stepson 10-10- 

— R Dannie (4) 

— L Henmy (4) — 12-1 

. S SaMt Ecdst 1012-1. 

<3 12-1 













KMGIUNItOO(DQabam)N Gaselea 1810 


• BFH 

— 281 




SAFE CUSTODY (Soutbam Counties Con Lid) P Haynes 1810_ 


— 281 


10 81 

' 00 81 



002-2 UZZYUDNGSTOClQNB(MB8VWoienaxQMra JWonnaoatt185 DWenacoBto 




VALRACH (H Sttrice) G Ham 10-6 


— — 

1985c No i ft T f'H | MT fn 1 ft iip taco 
345 SALISBURY HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,746: 2m) (13 runners) 

20320P- M KEY (CO) (Mis Bfeabeto McManus) P Haynes 5-1 1-10. 

2 QI340IM MENMGI (H Rsny) N Mtched 5-11-7 

3 11020F- HYPNOSIS (CD) (Ma| G Sna9 0 Bswortii 7-11-7 - 

5 221-813 AMADtS (Turner Hobbs Homs Cantras LAQ L Keratoid 8-11-2 (4ex) 

6 03F-131 MOUNTAIN MAN (Ms Ywiono A9sop) R OtekJn 10-10-12 (4ax) 

7 2110(00 MAHX75 TOKEN (D RobinaoiQ R Hoktor 8-10-11 

8 02)0410- TACHAOOR (CD) (P Axon) fl J Hodge* S-10-8 

9 024308 ALL FLASH (DOotfflon)R Ski^json 5-186 


98 10-1 
96 5-1 
>98 8-1 

: PRIcharda 

8 s5S2 


11 Fy00004) HSTGR GOLDEN RJ) (I Pays) A Davison 6-10-5 

12 01/3000- HAB80UR rilBDGE (D) (Mrs A Lacey) I Ctodgeon 6-10-3 . 

h-„„, rff,,!. 

« YMBty rMOrViB|M 


13 20/RI3P- MGMJiND CUPPER (Mss A WTtftMd) J WatSeid 7-10-0. 

14 F08142 TOP GOLD pi) (WHepporJR Hodges 7-1041. 

17 4Q3/FP4I SmrantiGHT (p) p Bemsayl H OWflB 5-104) . 

_ 8 McNeil 

83 9-1 

1985: HYFNOMS 8-108 C Brown (1 1-4) D Bswortii 8 tan 

pearance. RMMMM^^^H 
eonfcwd tagjwwnent 

back in 4lh,Sando«n. 

MtCkna(i 2 - 1 )ahard 


(2m. £11 654. good. Mora. MWf 

(10^ wtoi (4B4MQI (10-ffl notdtsgraoed on reap- 
^toj^9^yiDMn7UN«gyit^) showwn 

neck at Devon (2m If, £2415, good, l 

,18 ran). 


2.15 TOM CURRAN HANDICAP CHASE (£2,271: 3m 2^ (5 iwmere) 


By Mandarin 

1.15 Jennie Pat- 
1.45 Lady Liza. 

2.15 Bashful Lad. 

2.45 Mearlin. 

3.15 Smith's Gamble. 

3.45 Comeragh King. 

Going: good 

1.15 FOUNDATION NOVICES CHASE (Mares: £1,488: 2m) (9 runners) 

2 040004/ BRIGHT IMP (R BettiN) P Btocktay 7-10-12. 

3 OHNNDP/ PIjORBKX (G Wngttve) K ttor^row 10-10-12 

4 33220-F GO ANNA GO(TBetoy)T Baley 5-10-1 2 

5 4P3421- JEMUE PAT (J Thompson Farms Lid) GW Rfchanls 6-10-12.. 


8 014/002- ROYAL TYCOON (A BrtsbouiM) A Brisbowno 8-10-12 
7 QIPF-3F SKRET VALE (R Brawn) TBU 5-10-12. 

0-00424 MLVBt SNOW (Mrs EL ScoO) Mrs E Scott 8-10-12 - 

008- 7HAJB2S AK (Mrs 9 FaUbams) Mrs S Richardson &-10-12 . 
3U434J YELLOW STAG (T Kely) fl Branch 8-10-18. 

KrPTowoWer — — 


P Tuck — F4-B 

_ UBfWroanw — 6-1 

R Creek «99 7-2 

__ n EaHUfia w 97 8-1 

, P Warner — — 

.sjonan — 12 -t 

1995: MAH) OF laOYODE 8-10-12 G Mem^jh (3-1/ J Vftttora 7 ran 

1jI 5 HART1NGTON SELLING HURDLE (£985: 2m) (16 rummers) 

1 343*82 ASTICOT (D) (Mrs H Hcgbfin) 0 Wnti* 4-11-5 

PPOO0O- NINO VtaADOHW(Httoto)H Data 5-114S 

000910- KAM WU- TO(B Cusey) Overman 4-114). 

11900- TAYLORS RBIOVATION TO (J Ross) H Whiting 4*114>- 

300*00 ORCORNaEIS (B) (F&smtilF Banon S-J 0-12 

040300- XAMAAOCK (Mrs C Carson) G Spares 4-KL12.». 

0- MOFFAT LAD (HVamon)C Jackson 4-10.12 

0000-2 NABEEH (W Clay) W CUy 4-10-12. 

ACarraO 9IF52 

MBawSty — 8-1 

_ Hfc im aa 8810-1 

K Stomas 92 94 

mBiitbounm 75 — 

tO OFUMO 5KAISD EXPBHMCE (R DOW88tt) R Hfiviop 5-10-1Z.„ 

11 F-00 SBLBfT SHADOW (A Btadkmora) A Hackmore 5-10-12_ 

12 3P/94-PP T W S HOMES (B Rlcmnond) 6 Ftichmond 5-1CM2 

N Carson (7) — — 


Ckqr (7) 95 6-1 
R Crank 96 — 

0 HNNEYS LASS (A Pttfpoas)C Jackson 4-10-7. 

44341 HOOTON LANG (P Chrisoloirki) Mss A IQng 5-10-7_ 
40F-0 LADY UZA (Mrs M Stevens) B Stovers 5-10-7, 

OPO-90P SECRET SKJUX (B) (B Derbyshire) D McCain 4-10-7. 
RJ900-0 WYOMNC (T Kersey) T Kersey 4-18-7 . 

P Corrigan 

— J Bryan 

P Dower 9012-1 

. R Strange *99 3-1 

1985: FLOM WONDER 5-11-0 J Lraejoy (7-q j Dgvtoa 6 ran 

AHwpfcy (7) 
Susan Karaay (7) 

Course specialists 


Winners Runners 

















P Bevan 



9 A 





R Crank 
P Warner 
SJ O'Neal 












10 9 

Only OuaWere 

30POW- COVH«raARDOI(BX»)pPwmn)W Clay 8-11-10. 
FI2203 BASHFUL LAD (Mrs F Partes) MOfinr 11-11-8. 

01-12U3 OUEBiSWAY BOY (CD) (Queens Securities) Mss A King 7-10-10. 
80B4PO HELLO X? f BtfY QQ (P Mndigan) J Jenfcjne &-18-7 . 

^ JDaoosn 


__ v WW* 

0P-U32O FRMCa.Y CALL (B) (Mrs G Jones) Mm G Janes 12-10-0- 

95 8-1 
97 5-2 
r96 7-2 

1M&CRACX A JOKE 8-10-4 R Grimk (59 ftv) T BIU 9 ml- 


1 4WP0-0 RAN ARCTIC (Ms R Bto) T BN 7-12^7 I : — NFaam 9812-1 

3 0044UP- DU»E(JHatowood)D McCain 8-11-9 : Li AMaptiyW 97 — 

4 424X00 SKafrBCHO(ABteckmora)ABtodanora11-11-3 i T Ba8M (5) 97 — 

6 032200 REmEBO(FBntt) GW Rtohsnfe 9-10-12 ; C Denote (S) 99 8-1 

8 1/21030- BEAMJN (C House) J OU 7-10-9 CU | W«ywgi) • 98 9-2 

10 431800 TONCELY LAD (D) (T SMter) M Tat* 8-10-5 M Boater 94184 

11 P3P0P-4 CHARLEY FBI&I (CD) (R Grimes) Mrs MFSmet 1i-185 M Btoggaridge (7) 90F5G 

12 W400F3 THE Ot«OY(Ms W 8?te^ Mrs W Sykes IB-104 JR Onto) (5) 92 8-1 

13 FF2103 PARSON'S FflllE 0)) (K Vringrow^ K VWngrova H-10-5 - Pramy PIBch-Heyae (B) 88 7-2 

14 P044/04 C13RKEH (CD) (W A Stephenson) W A Stephenson 10-10-5 : — T wmm (5) 80 — 

15 020P20- SHAI«(paiMtoO OTteil 7-185 PGmeatdcCT 91 — 

199ft No nca 

3.15 E B F NOVICES HURDLE (Quatflen £1,438: 2m) 06 runners) 

00008 DOOTDUDeEfGPstaHjS Cote 5-11-0 ! 

2 FERVENT HOLE (D Long DMcCHfci 4- ft-0 











.R Crank — — 

HMIBBVS REVENGE (E Young) D NtChofeon 5-11-0. 

MONRiTA (Mrs M Curtis) Un M Kmeb 4-11-0 

MR REX (R Johnson) Mrs J Pieman 4-114). 

PROVE THE CASE (K BaSamy) M OStwr 8-114)- 


i Cl 

898 7-2 

— 12-1 


— 8-1 

RICH MCKEL (R Grfssss) Ms M Rnel 4-11-fl . 
P SAUSAGE ROLL (F Ctake) M Eddey 6-11-0 __ 


SMTHtS GAMBLE (A SmHi) Mrs J Ptonan 4-11-0.. 

09- TAHTAN TWBJGH7 (EdMaurah HtooKen UD G W tHehmOt S-11-0 . 
304) THE SlMCEN ROAD (J Watts) PW Harris 5-1 1-0. 

A O’Hagen 

_ M Permit — F8-1 
PTack 87 4-1 

COUNTRY SEAT (Country Seat Ltf) R Fronds 4-10-8. 

8004 MANOR SECRET (E BamkXl) P Bevan WM 

00 PQ£TSEAY{M BMBetfJ Ws SOfcer 4-10-9. 




T¥M 81 — 

. J8crjBiO*rar(7) 85 — 

TOMANNAROSA (A P Consultants Ltd) 0 Brennan 810-9 . 

1985: HONEYGROVE BANKER 4-11-0 J J O'Nefl (8-1) D McCain 15 ran 

3.45 REDBAWC CHUlWEY POT HANDICAP HURDLE (E2.404: 2m 4Q (17 runners) 

1 04111-3 PATRICKS FAIR TO(W3ttir} RE Peacock 10-11-10 L-PODrinMM B 

4 HP" 8 ”- BOLD OIJBtON Bg (HThtwflBkgMBcldsy 1 8 - 11*1 AOUagn 

7 00/1322- THE OWLS (K Chan) J JenfWtS 7-1812- 

8 FOP/003- HOMEOLAtH Mannl IteM Binrf 7-liLin 

9 1411410 afcCHET WALK (D) (Hathaway Roofing) W A Stepheneon 5-189. 

10 410018 MSS NB» (D) (R Yams} C Jackson 8-186 

11 0)00122 WOODWAY (CO) (K Bel) D MnOe 6-1IL5 

IS 301448- DONNA FARBIA y ThonstoOn Fvm Lkfi GW Richards 5-180—'- 

13 383-1 COMBIAGH KING (D) (J FHzgerakl) Jkraiiy Ftttgerald 7-180 (70k).. 

14 0/00411. KATE BOURNE (PFtan)E Carter 6-180 

15 P830n CHB9CY RUN (F Jackson) F Jackson 7-104) 

16 0FU0Q 4) KUtOY MANOR (T CaWwoB) T CakhM 18180 

17 FDOPO /0 WVERB A1WLER(D) (Mrs To toangM ) Ms WTaDwright 8104)—^— 

18 003-00 TIMBEn TOOL (Mrs G Jones) Mrs Q Jcn*s 4-10-0 

- R Lanb 
. RHyen 

97 8-1 
*7- 8-1 
•0 — 

A Canon 



H Dwyer B99F82 


« D 1 

19 00P/DT4- ALANQROVE SOUND pPHIps) A JWIson 810-0 

20 04SS/P0- WMSKY GO GO (RHamai) Mss RHamar 10-104) 

21 0084XQ MB 8 MAIJMaWSngWngdte) 4 -IC<xgrave 8180 

J Bryan 48 ~ 

Mr 8 Cowley (7) 75 — 

iL Watiece (7) - 

J Soften 79 — 

198& BROAD BEAM 5-11-0 S MAjhud (7:1) MTS M Fttmet 17 ran 

Rich bounty 
for fanner 
from Heriot 

Bounty's Clown, a 2W 
chance, paid odds of alraostS58- 
1 oh the Tote when Hnafingflie 
Cireitea Anatezu Raders’ Hv- 
dfe at Kebo yestenUy. Stephen 
Kidgltf, foe come Tote man- 
ager, said: “This is (he M ggest 
pay ant I have knows from the 
Tote abort a 2&-1 shot” 

Alfred Short, a tenser from 
Heriot, was the fart— ate cash 
mdamw — the CWIK who 
collected tbe yayont, attho«^ 

the winner attracted a bet with m 
bookmaker of 15,000 to £XXL 
A Tote spo kesm rin reported 
that the highest odds _ 
them was 1419-1 when 
scored at Haydocfc Park 
November 30, 1929. la those 
days the stake on the comae was 
two sldHtegs. 

Raymond Shirts, had tn pot 
ap 5tb orerwrigbt oo Bwa y i 
down -his own bone- bet this 
did not step the 29-1 chance 
upsetting Bancho Bnrnado. 

The whmeiv bourtd privatrty 
from local breeder John Beard, 
made all flu to provide 

Shids with flu 24th w iu ner of 
his career. 

Win ter b or n e 
“1 don’t think Fvc 

“ I not only produced Gra^ 
bam Th rwne r and Rtcnard 
Dunwoody. I also t ramed Tun 

Thomson Jones to be champion 
amateur of the world. And rve 
got a fading that this young mm* 
is going to be pretty good as 

Harvey te certainty following 
the same route as Dmrwoody. 
He joined fonter on leaving 
school and then took 
Dunwoody’s place with Odin 
Nash, a nnnar master of the 
CHd D eri qhire Foxhounds and 
also a train er of poms-to- 

rode ten winners in pednt- 
to-pointsy’ said the jockey, “and 
I had my first success as an 
amateurwben Biddeigh Bridge 
won at 33-1 at Thumon three 
years ago.” 

Harvey rode 11 winners be- 
fore turning iHofesshmal at the 
start of fob season and has sow 
had seven victories since step- 
ping into Dunwoody’s shoes as 
second jockey to Hywd Davies 
with Forster. 

The riderwent cm to complete 
his double when capturing the 
Chequers Conditional Handi- 
cap Hurdle on Ten In Hand for 
Michael Hinchdxffe* who has 
now moved' his headquarters 
from Ne wmark et to Lctcombc 
Regis, the next-door vfflage to 
Letconibe Bassett 

feature in 1964. 

Kino, the 7-4 favourite fared 
cv^orse than Cotcme Room 
the Novices* Chase, benwjwefl 
behind the field when polMup 
in the hade straight by Pttor 
Scudamore. The race resulted m 
a victory for Robert Strong on 
Bm±&st Abbey after an exciting 
dud with Hywri Peges- and 
P r ymun n Brook from tnetnui 


The afternoon en ded on a 

Federal Trooper with a stonmng 

ran to win the second Oivbim 
of the Wood speen Novices* 


i ' 

10 - 1 . “I frpdevt him a hit." said 
the trainer- “Most of my horses 
aren’t quite ready yrt, but 
Federal Trooper won Ins 
bumper at the first "time of 
yUng gp 1 had a tenner on him 

This victory was only Mrs 
Pitman's fourth win of the . . 
season. f* 

An g««^ring weekend lies m 
store, for John White. After 
finishing second on Random 
Quy in the first division of 
the Novices’ Hurdle, the jockey 
said that he would be tiding at 
Ascot on Saturday before flying 
to Carolina to renew his 
with Kessfin is the 
*i Cub at Camden on 

Dtmwood£ himself had an 
afternoon ©f mixed fortunes. 

the man of the mo- 
ment had the misfortune to 
have a tefl on the flat when 
Cottage Run was ha m p e red 
(the final torn m the 
Chase, he 


Recently the pair finished 
runner-up to Casus m the 
Breeders’ Cap Chare in Mary- 
land. Formerly with Nick Yigore 
at Laabo om . Kesatm is now 
trained by Charlie Fenwick, the 
Baltimore lawyer, who rode Ben 
Nevis to victory in die (980 
Grand National. 

GHi Trethowan praises Kelso 

j. * | i 


J .. « l l 

Sir lan Tretbow&n, chairman of foe Levy Board, paid his fost 
visit to Kdso yester day and was fhB of prase for the racecourse. 
“Smalt couzsessre an essential part of tee raring scene and Kebo is 
a very well ran comre,” he said. 

Sir Ian, who wffl beat the grand operang of Edinburgh's first 
jump trade on January 5, said: “1 would like to see Sunday racing 
but obviously there wonld have to be betting trials first and it will 
depend a lot on who gets in at dm next decnon. " 

The chainnan added: “I would very much like to see Stockton 
raceooane re-open, it is a very good course. Abo, aB-weazber 
courses are an interesting and valuable proposztiou and it would be 
good lo.havc somewhere where a guaranteed 30 or 40 days racing 
could go ahead.” 

r r 
1 • 



By Mandarin 

1.0 Western Vision. L30 Bala ChieC 2.0 dear 
The Course, 2J0 None Too Dear. 3-0 Golden 
MinstreL 3J0 Artistic Champ io n. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.45 Comera^i King. 

Going: good 

NOVICES CHASE (£1,451: 2m 5f 110yd) (12 

_ rais-lfa. 

3 384 MTOmpahnlS-lflMBB 
14 P/U BBUIUBf HOTS Dm* 8-11-3- 
9 W- 0BUBOTEACCBramy6-1V3J 


11 a 

12 om 

14 080 


... . 19-11-3. 

18 08F JURY ACTION Mss LB0nar81 1-3 — 
26 V WESTER N VISON OStwnwoti 811-8. 
0 480 OOBNOQO LADY POGoanr 4-182. 

11-10 Mstom Wstan. M fw Antemgr, 64 8-1 

Batu. 10 - 1 . GtarshJ® Jerry, 12-1 Judos Light* 20-1 

1.30 britvic orange juice handicap 
HURDLE §E1^7ft 2m) (11> 

3 1*4 OMMONOSHRMPUBM 5-11-7 SStenraod 

7 1412 RALACHffTCMW 4-11-1 TBMAtayM 

8 F4tt MWTC DO} 0) J Webfcer 5-1812- Bllii rag i 

9 BP-1 TAWNY 8«firr JliMyFteoarakJ 7- W-1 1 (48*) MDmir 

- 11 TV- CAT1SBNE BMDGET Fonriar 81810 BOnhs 

13 0222 TNEOPlOMArTODlVKtoppS-UKt «IMri 

H 040 TOE HBD P )S Dm* 8-104) — MBatenri 

15 -an PomrowNpij Long5-i8B lob lbm m 

16 -Oil 11® RUSK (CB)F Jonttn 5-184) — CStettfi 

" DRhgarW&O J Bartow 



I Mr* Mj» 7-10-0. 

3-1 DfemondsHgti. 7-Z Tawny Spirit, 5-1 Auntie Dal. 6-1 
i Dotonrat 8-1 ImraisK. 

raa a**, 7-i tt* 

2m 50yd) (12) 

1 4814 MOIBtt ll O BREAKS (BR T Cray 9-1V1 1 — SMoara 

- 2 4-1U BALUMAffiR D GrisM* 811-4 RGahtoWn 

3 34V KMmtCmAJmh 6-11-0. 7 Junto 

5 -OW YOUNG HAWKjCO) C Jaehaon 184048 BDow8m(7) 

7 -1P4 MR HOUSE mNGaselM 7-1812 Dr 

-8 144- CLEAH THE COURSE (CD) TFcnter 81810 H 

10 4PP- nwiCBIflOTOSCHri8ttMi8187 R1 

11 2f4R Fl ff0 0CB g TOR<ysmtoan8l86 ■ 

12 F341 TWWANAjmT Carajr 8186 GCtiariw 

13 03» FLAIriNG THE P O'Comor 810-5 CM* 

14 Oat- ARCmS FRMOE C Janos 8-180 CCnrfjg 

17 4JF2 ABBEY AVBriJES Daw 8180- 

84 Mr Mouse, 11-4 A May Avenue. 4-1 TlakMa. 6-1 
Young Hawk, 8-1 Morning Breaks.- 10-1 


1 t CAMDBIELEMraLBo-r 4-12-j _^-BPoyto^ 

3 mo inani o r cwcn bqn PB—mti &-W)— Ffarey 

5 DOF- GCADW OEKBOf K Morg«7-n4> — _-_K B*w 

6 mo KAIWOUMPBoitoiaS-ri' O — .. . . J a rtyri fe te ito f 

7 844 iliocr MPHH-TO J HwteBBtWWL— , Nlfeal 

9 OK- MASTBILYSMrig 4-11-0 . GUwtou 

n 4M NONE TOO DEAR GBMdtog4-11-a KCtewL 

13 -223 ROONDOnEYT Carajf EtoMto* 

14 8F0 SHOTt i JO * R Jooa* 6-11-0 CGoh 

15 232 SMroiraEMR Octen 4-1WL 


16 -303 BOY WF)GEnrs|* 4-11-fl. 

17 08 TAG ORE PArftm 4 -11-0 — — 

18 W 7 0 8 F OR K tST HI P MfchBI S- 11 -fl — DMsMdCKwn- 

21 OOrt LADY BL l M f N GW »to> 4-788 Af 

M 088 

tBALLWACRg G Thon wr 7-188_ C 
MSTAR P8Htor54Ga^^OTM 

82 Nona Too Ifear. 7-2 Cvndan Bate. 81 Srririiy Bear. 
6-1 StmaO) Boy. 8-1 MMtocb. 10-1 Tom Fonranr. 


(£2^19: 3m 190yd) (4) 

5 208 BUNDLE BOY T Rotator 8TLT. 

9 0314 OONAGHHOYMEiaQ Mbs L Bower 9403 

tO Ml GOLDEN MNSTRELJGM&d 7-188 (4sx)„ I 

111480— D 

11 MM/ WOODLANDS LAD ((TO P Prtidnrd ' 

4-6 Gakton MteatraL 50 Donoghmoyna. 81 Bundle Boy. 
181 Wood to ntte Lad. 


4 ATOMIC CHAMPION (BF)M Pipe 1810 Ptaacri 

CORMSH PRINCE W Wharton l8-10— . S YnrtCten (4) 












CYGNETS BEST T Can* 1810- 


^HSWFTP Mafcto 

WLYKX BAT M HennqUBS 1810. 

0 ICARO N ptogtan 1810. 
^■■*1 LAOH 






4 HMOH DAMIAM W Tunwr 181 0 .J 

SWRaaEOANCa K end gwaar 1810 K 


OASAoyaNTcanviM ebkMo*(4) 

D OA^TA re«L K dridgwrtw 10-5*. WWoMftigfi 

■ a NWIT1CAL STEP 0 Gandotoj 10-5 CteMMtto 


S Moore 

1810 flSmrS 

•VL : ’ * 

X OTAR OF TARA H Whtong 186. 

.S Woods 


„ 7-4 Art^ Chanplon. 81 Nautical Stop. 81 loro. 81 
Staon Damian. 7-1 Cyyitos Boat, 81 Oik* Reaction. 

Course specialists 

TRAINER S: T Foi«Br. 23 wtetwrs from 143 rennera. 18.1%: N 

S^R 9 r^ri B io 1 l?^iS nl - 17 J™» IK 1*9*: Q 

Bakfcig, 6 ftum 64, 12^%. (Only four qusHfere). 

from 41 ribas. 31.7%: G 

S^rSreaqwSto^ H 0av **’ 20 Iwm 1«. 145%. 

Results from yesterday’s two meetings 


Going: good to sotLhurrites coina: good. 

Sama rit an , 20 Compton Parts. 25 Tracy 
**— , 33 HolowoB. Loctrisn. Loos At^awr 
'■ Sound Of Mua, Th« Lords Tavornor, 
, 14 ran. 41, 2L 3L 274L 18L 

Ifl^ddi) 1.0MCEN (C Grant 

IJOffim lOQyd Irdto) 1 . MAD ABOOirYA 
(BPDwefl.81 toif; 2. Random GbwgsU 
Wtife. IMb 3, Roteig Gtaa (G Menagh. 
381). ALSO RAN: 7-2Dttofin Bay (5*5. 8 

MraJPOman at Upper Lamboum. Ten*: 

£1-*L£1.60. OF: £75J3Q. 

£10.70; £220, 


Jackpot: ttjBTMOL PtocepotEiaBJS. 

Tribal Drum, io Gw Moore. I tore fM fli 
gi).g«iHato.W~ ““ “ 


Kmgsbrook, Toumanent Loader _0xq, 
Without 15 ran. NR: Salmon Run. 7L 4. 
1280; £130. £280, £2080. DFr £37.80, 
CSF: £2* AS. 

180 Cm 160yd Ch)1, CARE 
13^: 2/HsgretidissMflhl (S 



7-4t 3. MkteUd Song (H Davtaa.'11-fl 
fe«8 ALSO RAN: 13-2 Tam Jonas (MQ. 4 
ran. 4L 3L 25L T Forster, wanttga. Tato: 
£720. OF: £Sl2CL CSF: £1588. ... 

20 (9m CM 1. BURNT OAK (R 
Dunwoody, 2-IJt-tavfc 2, Mar t r si sa l frl 
Danes, 81L3, &cred Mh (COOK. 13^- 


Vain Of Bocrac* 
^ H inter (4th " 
Heart Merchant 


14 Port 
ram 2 HL 

15L BC D Nlchotoon’et SasiKiwhe-Woid- 

Toee:£250: £1 JO. £2.10. Oft 2R». CSft 



ftWd ftren. Seated Offer, 

1IU. «L 2KL KL 2KL R ShWs. at 
Tonr ESsajft rajo. Ei^a 
£1J5a OF: £7970. CSF: £3730. 

P 20-1)-, ALSO raw: iv3 
Shtjr ABM (PUL 13J| LflfTV m (5ft). 

m .-Voonw 

It 2. Super Gw 
7-2 tato 3. ft* SteMT AH J 

Haney. 4-1) 

Super Grass- (G LaoTOl 

Shtnorfh/t Booty. 18U 

ALSO RAN: 4 New fiarraar Mttft 11-2 Sip 

agate. 10 raft 11H, 1VI , ■«* 

nk. M Htochtiffe at Newbury. Tow OTO: 
£1.80. £1A0. £230. DR. 853G CSR 
£17.56. Tricast: £11638. 

(R SwtHB. 12-it 2. Biaua Mcn Brao fc ffl 

^3 T raroonty(AGornan.14- 

J RAN: 7-4- In Gtio (pq), 84 
Hun feu). 8 Tuwridge (Q^JOftnl 

Tote E14J0; £280. Cl.lfa BM .Dft 
£3200. CSF: £8523- 

I 3. KenoHots fl_ 
la* Taster (5thU 

Tuck incr^ses 
tally to 25 

ISfct ' r «ar 

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1.30. DR £1080. CSR £2728. 

. Tndc brought his score to 
"for the season when Centre 
Atfrafhon, a 7-1 chance, beat 

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in foe Chenytrees 

ALSO RAN: 3 hn LarokwTs ditixSi .™«idicap Chase at Kdso The 
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ttono" Gondon Richards with 
ms 27* success of the current 

JS*8* .reported that his 
Musi c Be Magrr. a big dis- 
5P™«nwnt over fences at 
vJttltenham last week, would 
next tackle hurdles. “He’s back- 
ing off the fences badly at the 
foment and needs a confidence 
booster, the trainer said. 






» (*, 

. .* 

Smith at the 
centre of all 
things bright 
for Middlesex 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Middlesex 41 

Eastern Counties 19 

Middlesex, to no one's sur- 
prise, became the first of this 
season's Thorn EMI County 
Championship semi-finalists 
by virtue of their win at the 
Wasps' ground yesterday. But 
though Eastern Counties were 
beaten by three goals, five tries 
and a penalty goal to a goal, a 
try and three penalties, they 
contributed a brave perfor- 
mance by no means lacking 
skil] on a bright but brisk 

Middlesex can now sit back 
until March 14 and, at the 
same time, reflect upon both 
an in-and-out showing and the 
virtues of Charlie Smith, the 
former Moseley centre now 
playing with Harlequins, who 
scored two tries and breathed 
life into many other produc- 
tive movements. 

To be fair to Middlesex, 
once they had taken a lead of 
some substance, at 17-12 just 
before the interval, they 
hardly looked back and had 
Stringer’s kicking been in 
anything resembling good or- 
der — he missed five conver- 
sions and three penalties — 
they would have been out of 

After sharing the tineoul in 
the first half, they dominated 
it, largely through O'Leary, in 
the second and always had too 
much weight and savoir fiure 
for Counties in the loose. But 
the visiting pack held well in 
the scrums and their back row 
played a notable part in a 
defence which did not fell 
apart until the last ten 

It must have been particu- 
larly pleasing for Sumner to 
open the scoring on the 
ground where be used to play, 
breaking the tackles of 
Lozowski and Rigby in only 
the second minute. Wiltshire 
converted and proceeded, -in 
stark contrast to Stringer, to 
kick nearly everything else 
that came his way. 

Rigby, a consistent force for 
Middlesex this season, atoned 
with his side's first try but the 
highlight of the first half was 
Smith’s inward run, past three 
tacklers, for the try that re- 
stored the advantage to 

Middlesex spent an 
agonisingly long time in the 
second half trying to work 
their forwards over in the 
right-hand corner. When they, 
at last, produced primary ball 
for the backs. Smith ran 
straight through the middle 
for his second try. Though 
Counties flickered brightly 
midway through the half, they 
were killed off by two tries in 
the final nine minutes. 

Toulouse Bishop tries legal 

pair win ac tion to lift ban 
key role 

(2), S Smith. Lozowski. Moss. 
Tamm; conv er sions: Stringer (3fc pen- 
alty: Stringer. Eastern Coantes: lSw 
Sumner, WBtshire: canwratoK WMstora; 
panutte-r Wteshire (3). 

MIDDLESEX: N Strtogar (Wasps): A Dent 
- R LozowMi (Wasps), C 

S Sndfli (Waspst M 
J Cuflan (Rich- 
mond; rap: F a—fan , Saracens); J 
Kingston (HarteqUns). P Tappm (West 

London Institute), MM 

K Moss (Wraps), c 

fliiSsps£ L Adenmon (Saracens). 

(London Walsh); D Gradon (Rochtonfl. R 
Narccao (Eton Manor), R Sumner (Sod- 

... — -- - p 


Waisham); C Poole (North Watsham), C 
Newman (Sudbury). N Prentice (Sudbury), 
R Emblem (North Watsham), P Doherty 
Sudbury). G Corks (Wasps). G Atherton 
fSudtxsy; rep: G MaasfloM, Eton Manor). 
S Easton (Rochlord). 

Retaw J Denham (Durham). 

Old will play for 

Alan Old. the former England 
stand-off half and mainspring 
behind Yorkshire's successes of 
a few seasons ago, is to make his 
Thorn EMI county champion- 
ship debut for Northumberland 
on Saturday (David Hands 
writes). He plays against Cum- 
bria at Workington because 
David -Johnson has opted to 
play for Gosforth- against, irani- . 
catty enough. Old's dub, 

Old, aged 41, was the Rugby 
Football Union's northern tech- 
nical administrator before going 
bade into teaching but he has 
never retired from the game, 
numbering among his clubs 
Middlesbrough, Leicester and 
Sheffield He is joined in the 
Northumberland side by Colin 
White, prop forward and 

Lancashire, who originally 
intended to make one change to 
their side for the game against 
Durham at West Hartlepool on 
Saturday, have now been forced 
to make three. In the process, 
they are deprived of their inter- 
national second row, Steve 
Bainbridge and Wade Dooley. 

Bainbndge. was injured dur- 
ing last weekend’s win over 
Northumberland (an injury 
which forced Lancashire to play 
a hooker in the back row), so 
Bob Kira mi ns (Orrell) returns to 
the county team. He will be 
joined by bis club colleague, 
David Cusani. because of 

Dooley's withdrawal from the 
leam in fevour of his dub, 
Fylde, who have a national 
merit table C game against 
Metropolitan Pobce. 

Marie Hamilton, the Sale back 
row forward, has also been 
forced out by a shoulder injury 
and Orrell, yet again, supply the 
replacement in David Geary. 
Lancashire would have been 
happier with a settled team in 
view of Durham’s scoring ex- 
ploits this season 

Durham must give fitness 
tests to both centres, Ian Dee 
(son of the former England 
centre, John) and Will Caning, 
before the weekend. Carting 
missed the 40-3 demolition of 
Cheshire last weekend because 
of a hamstring injury. 

In the south-west division of 
the county championship 
Gloucestershire, beaten by 
Somerset in their first outing, 
have made changes at three- 
quarter and in the back row. 
Chris Allen, of Loughborough 
University, comes in at centre 
and John Price (Coney Hill), for 
the match at Cheltenham 
against Berkshire. 

Somerset arc unchanged 
against Cornwall at Taunton hut 
Dorset and Wilts bring in 
another of the Sherborne club's 
O'Loughins against Devon at 
Bournemouth. Greg O'Lougbin 
plays at stand-off half because 
John Morgan (Salisbury) is 

By David Hands 

New Zealand will field the 
same team against France in 
Names on Saturday that won 
the first international between 
the two countries in Toulouse 
last weekend. French plans, 
however, which went awry to 
the tune of a 19-7 defeat in 
Toulouse, have had to be further 
amended since Patrick Esteve. 
recalled to the side on Sunday, 
has been forced to withdraw. 

Esteve damaged a thigh play- 
ing on the wing for his club, 
Lavelanet, in a championship 
match on Sunday. He was one of 
three changes to Saturday’s side, 
having replaced Marc Andrieu 
at left wing, and the place now 
goes to Eric BonnevaL who was 
at centre in Toulouse. The 
midfield vacancy is occupied by 
Denis Charvet who, like 
BonnevaL plays for the Tou- 
louse dub, and the injury would 
seem to have strengthened 

Banneval plays on the wing 
outside Charvet for his dub and 
his defensive qualifies reached a 
new height against New Zealand 
with a corner Bag tackle on John 
Kirwan, which was one of the 
highlights of the game. Charvet 
should bring additional panache 
to the centre, assuming that 
Franck Mesnel can settle swiftly 
into his new role as the national 
stand-off half. 

Brian Lochore. after watching 
his side's 36-12 win over the 
French Barbarians in La. Ro- 
chelle on Tuesday — which 
preserves their unbeaten record 
— admitted that he saw no cause 
to change a winning side for the 
international. He has been 
forced to change the replace- 
ments. however, because of the 
lung injury which has removed 
Grant Fox. the Auckland stand- 
off half, from the tour. 

Marty Berry, aged 20. from 
Wairarapa-Bush. who made his 
international debut in the final 
seconds of the third game 
against Australia in September, 
comes on to the bench and there 
will be a late decision on the 
back five forward replacement 
between Andy Earl and Mark 
Shaw, depending on the 
former’s fitness. 

The game in Names wiD be 
handled by Steve Suydom, the 
South African referee who did 
the same job in Toulouse. He 
will be assisted by two Welsh- 
men. Winston Jones, the former 
international panel referee, and 
Gareth Simmonds. one of the 
aspirants to the panel which will 
be decided in Cardiff today. 

The farmer Welsh rugby 
international. David Bishop, and 
the dab he plays Cor, Pontypool, 
are to take an historic High 
Chart action against tire Welsh 
Rugby Union in an attempt to 
seek an independent review on 
the player's 11-month ban from 
the game. 

It wiD be the first tune a 
player has taken the game’s 
ruling body in Wales to court 
over a disciplinary decision. 

Bishop, who was capped at 
scram half by Wales, was 
banned by the union afler admit- 
ting punching an opponent dur- 
ing a match. 

The ban took effect after the 
player's one-month jaO sen- 
tence, imposed for assault, had 
been suspended by the Appeal 
Court in London. Yesterday, 
solicitors acting far Bishop, aged 
25, and his dob wrote to the 
WRU warning them of legal 

In a letter to the WRU 

card de Maid wrote: “We have 
in st ructi on s to issue these 
proceedings immediately in 
what would be, regrettably, an 
historic action against the 

The Foatypodl dob and 
Bishop, of Newport Road, Car- 
diff, launched the move after 
taking legal advice. 

They are seeking a 
from a judge that fifes 
disciplinary h^apng was unfair 
and that there should be an 
independent hearing to review 
the ban. 

Their solicitor's letter adds: 
“After considering the situation 
in some detail, both our clients 
feel sadly that there is tittle hope 
of justice being seen to be done 
unless time is a totally indepen- 
dent review of the decision of die 

Bat de Maid said the player 
and his dub were stQl prepared 
to consider any attempts by the 
WRU to resolve the matter 

secretary, Ray Williams, Ber- amicably. 

Owen’s punishment 

Battle for supremacy: The Middlesex and Eastern Chanties forwards lock horns yesterday (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn) 



By George Ace 

The Ulster selectors will meet 
on Saturday week to name the 
ride to oppose Leinster in the 
Inter-Provincial decider ai 
RavenhiU a week later. Both 
provinces boast a 100 per cent 
record from the two games 
played; the match will be the 
one hundredth between the 
teams, and. barring injuries, it is 
safe to state that 11 of the 
players who rewrote the record 
books recently in Ireland’s de- 
feat of Romania by 60 points to 
nil, will be in action. 

The match wilL in effect, 
become an unofficial Irish trial. 
Hugo MacNcill. the Irish full 
bade, will be in direct opposition 
to Philip Rainey, who is enjoy- 
ing a wonderful season for 
Ulster. Tony Doyle, the Leinster 
captain and scrum half, will be 
out to prove he deserved his 
elevation to the replacements 
against Romania, a position- 
occupied by Ulster’s Rab Brady 
for the last two seasons; and 
John McDonald, the Ulster 
hooker, will further his claims 
against the man in possession. 
Harry Hartnson. 

But perhaps the most fas- 
cinating contest of the afternoon 
will be between (he vastly 
experienced Des Fitzgerald, the 
current Ireland tight-head prop 
and a man highly regarded for 
his scrummaging lechniq ue. and 
Peter Millar, aged 24, who is 
showing immense promise 

They are not in direct opposi- 
tion for places in the Ireland 
front row. But Fitzgerald will 
give Millar the most searching 
of examinations and if the 
young Ballymena man survives, 
Phil Ore’s reign as number one 
for the number one green jersey 
is in jeopardy. 

Millar has a rugby pedigree 
which suggests he is well- 
equipped for the job: he is the 
son of Syd Millar, once an Irish 
and British Lions prop, now the 
manager of Ireland's squad for 
next year’s World Cup. Millar 
junior is also adept at winning 
maul batt, and he is a beautifully 
balanced runner with the pace of 
a threequarter. He has had a 
slow start to the season follow- 
ing an early-summer shoulder 

Such has been Millar's form 
against Munster and Connacht 
that be must figure large in the 
selectors' plans. His place in the 
December Irish final trial is 
virtually assured, and the odds 
on him accompanying bis father 
*>r the 

The Bridgend captain and 
Wales B lock. Adrian Owen, has 
been banned for 22 weeks after 
being sent off for kicking the 
Bristol centre. Simon Hogg, in a 
game at Bridgend earlier this 

Owen, a schoolteacher, had 
been granted a personal hearing 
and Hogg had written to the 
Welsh Rugby Union disci- 
plinary committee saying that 
the incident had been an ac- 
cident.. But the committee 
nevertheless decided on a bon o I 

22 weeks and have informed 
Owen accordingly. The ban 
means Owen cannot play again 
until April. 

Owen, wed 30. who has 
previously been sent off three 
times in nine years, said yes- 
terday that he was considering 
retiring from the game because 
of the decison. 

“I had hoped to lead Bridgend 
to a successful year and win a 
triace in the Welsh squad for the 
World Cup.” he said. 

Scrampox halts games 

Outbreaks of ‘scrum pox', a 
form of impetigo, has caused the 
Welsh Rugby Union to cancel 
two student rugby matches. Five 
University College. Cardiff, 
players have the disease, passed 
on by facial contact during 
scrums. They were infected in a 
game against University Col- 
lege. Aberystwyth, last week. 

Four Aberystwyth players are 
also suffering from scrum pox 
and the Welsh Rugby Union 
and the University Athletics 
Union have ordered a postpone- 
ment of yesterday's game with 
University College, Swansea. 

Cardiff have been ordered to 
cancel their fixture with Cardiff 

• The Harlequins flanker, Mick 
Skinner, left West Middlesex 
Hospital yesterday — nine days 
after being admitted for an 
exploratory operation on a knee 
injury. Skinner is expected to be 
out for at least another three 

weeks as he recovers, so Mike 
Blanchard, aged 21. who made 
his Harlequins debut in last 
weekend's win over Gosforth. 
continues to deputize against 
Oxford University on Saturday 
at the Stoop Memorial Ground. 

• Bath rely on the side that 
crushed Wasps for Saturday's 
home match with Coventry. 
They are still without then- 
regular left wing. Barry 
Trevaskis, who has a shoulder 
injury and the Scottish inter- 
national prop. David Sole, who 
is still away on his honeymoon. 
Fred Sagoc therefore retains his 
position on the flank. 

• A stone thrown up by a 
passing car has caused a freak 
cancellation of Rosslyn Park's 
match with Exeter University at 
Roehampton yesterday. It flew 
into a junction box controlling 
the floodlights and has put them 
out of action for a couple of 

to Australasia for 
Cup are shortening. 



Fluctuating fortunes 
of the doubles game 

By William Stephens 

John Prenn and Thomas 
Brudenell defeated James Male 
and Stephen Tulley in a mara- 
thon semi-final of fluctuating 
fortunes in Lhe Invitation Dou- 
bles tournament, sponsored by 
Celesiion Loudspeakers, at 
Quito's Cub on Tuesday eve- 
ning. They recovered from a 3-1 
deficit to win by 15-7, 8-15. 5- 
15, 6-15, 15-6. 16-14, 15-10. 

Prenn, the former world 
champion, dominated the first 
game but allowed Male, the 
amateur champion, lo seize the 
initiative. Male gained control 
of the front of the court where he 
took the ball early, driving it 
crisply and low to a length. With 
his partner Tulley supporting 
strongly, be served incisively 
and brought several fast rallies 
to a close by employing a most 
effective slop- volley drop-shoL 

Then Brudenell, a barrister, 
mastered his brief and achieved 

runs of service in the fifth game, 
while Prenn tightened his game 
and played unreturnable back- 
hand Gross-court kill shots into 
the nick. Inspired. Brudenell 
found his best form in the 
rallies, daring to lower his 
margin for error to just above 
the board. His reward was to 
serve out the match. 

Paul Nicholls and Norwood 
Cripps, the professional at Eton, 
won the other semi-final by 
- beating Mark Nicholls and Rob- 
ert wakety, the Marlborough 
professional, by 15-5. 12-15, 15- 
11,11-15, 18-13. 15-9 in another 
closely contested match. Both 
Nicholls brothers were in top 
form, vying with each other in 
rapid duels ai the front of the 
court Wake I y produced robust 
interventions but tended to 
overhiu while Cripps was of 

crucial influence to the outcome 
through his intelligent placing of 
the bail. 


ARA secretary to retire 

By Jim Rail ton 

David Lunn-Rockliffe; aged 
62. executive secretary of the 
Amateur Rowing Association, 
yesterday announced his inten- 
tion to retire by the end of next 

Mr Lunn-Rockliffe, who has 
held his post from 1976, said: 
"We have completed a number 
of major changes in organiza- 
tion and fending of the associ- 
ation and are about to embark 
on further major projects which 
will take several years to com- 
plete successfully. I am coming 
to retirement ^andwdl notbe 
available W see these fonter 
projects through to 
completion.” So nexiyeanwll 

see the end of an era. Bnush 

rowing with its best ever world 

championships this year is at 
present on a high. 

The executive secretary's post 
requires masterly organization 
and is multi-disciplined in na- 
ture. If a sponsorsh ip is landed 
the executive secretary is a hero. 
A poor international result and 
the perennial complaint of lack 
of fending and the ARA's 
professional secretary can be 
one of many in the firing line. 

The post will be advertised 
nationally and Mr Lunn- 
RockiilTe will fortunately over- 
lap with his successor. Mr Lunn- 
Roddiffe has been a dedicated 
servant to the sport during an 
expanding decade of participa- 
tion and this modest but engag- 
ing professional will be greatly 


Iron curtain man of iron: Boris GhHcdt, of Bi 


in the 75kg dass during 


UNfTB} STATES: National Aaaociafcmi 
(NBA): CiMcaoa Buifc 1 12. Atlanta Hawks 1 10; 
Nm Jersey Nets t«4. Boston Wiles 110: 
Houston Rodtefi l IS. San Antonio Sours 95. 
New Yak KmAs 1H. fttoeno Suns 105. 
Mrtwateu Bucks 102. btana Pacers 94, 
Unn Jazz i(M Dotias Mavericks 103, Los 
Angeles Cappers 115 Denver Nuggets 112 . 
Portland Trad Sjjets 126. Gotten State 
Wawxw 108. Satramerec Kings 1 19. ©eve- 
iano Cavaleti !i«? PluadopM 76ers 121. 
Seantt Supursjncs 1 1C 


MUNICH: Str-dov rase: -‘tub! ptaejogs: 1 n 
TKirau and D OrV iwG'Ausl caprT j u 
frailer and R Pollen ftmtz/NUM CIS. 3. J 
Kristen and R Hermann (WG/Uchi. 41 ■) om 
lap bound: 4 C Town* *ic 6 v 

14 Im 5, G Wminj and A bo*lu 
iAus'uBi. ill. 15 laps.- tTH-H Oersted arwM 
vaanen (Dan/Sen. 140 31 lap*: J j 
VaHaphoK ana u Batten iwg). 97 8. H 
Neumayer An} H Schuatz iWGl. 73 33 tens; 9 
B tfatei ana G hnetemann |Fr)Nctni. 27. 38 
lops: 10. B Vfflu and P Bmcctetm ( 11 ). 96. 



EXETER: UAU teen's 
Ejhw Urn* 8. Bath Ui*v 0 (Ewtar go itiruugti 
loctafcnge round) 

BRADFORD: iMUdroapiaasNp: Mm: Brad- 
ford 1 . Leeds 2. Woman: Bradtord 2. Loads 2. 


BELGRADE: Inttfudonal 


. _ .. ;5.p 

Rancdi (Ffl. 3 O. 8. F Kirsten (SGl. 3 & 9. H 
voiuntn iDeni. 48. 10. P Jotianson (Swe). 6.0. 


SCHOOLS MATCH: Eton (H Smnatefturst and 
P ‘arrattt-Bowtiaml tx Ortton (R Clark ana W 
10. 7-15 15-11. 


Han's csrapubonr figure* 1. V Pyre™ 
(USSR). 0.6 pis, 2. C Medhurst (Aust. 1.2:3, 
SvgantUS). 1*matoa0 , ugj.2«;5. 

CHKAGft Wtanea's dtaai pmnaM pe: FM 

yai a Potter bt R 
Fwrtarti (SAL 6-3. 6-3: A White M L 
GWemaster (Peru. h. 6-1; A Motor « E 
Buign. H. 8 -t. 6-1: B Buige (WQ) W T 
PtHHps, 6-3. 6-2. K Rinaldi bi WWrw& 7 - 6 , 6- 
<. G|aoaw. (Arg) bt L SouchentoiUSSR). 6- 

BHA H t j ALL: L TA women's Moor Umm- 
monfc (fearteMlMfe: E EkUom (Swat bl M 
2*&IWSKI H. MC BSlblS 
Sawder |Nmti| U. 7-6; R (tedium ICSM 
N HousseriFn.fr4.64:CBai3iuTi(NettiiWD 
Keietaar (Neon. M. 6-2 

WiTaeiteJi. Boes '' -H5, ,Ml ,5-1 '• ,5 " ,D 




awwi 4i, Eastern Counties 19 

UAU CHAMftONSHtt Bradford 20. Leed9 7 

X?™ "is*??-' ‘-ugiK (UHL* 

Bdmontqn OSere 3. New Yqrn Slanders 2 tMt 
Wasimion GsnWa.B. Mmasom Norm 

Sure 2 ion “ ‘ ' 


Canucks 3: us 
Jets a 

Ftetes 5. Vancouver 
Kings 4. Wi nn i p e g 



Ewrton v Blackburn (7.30). 

Oxford United (700). 


TENM& Benson and Hedges ctiampioo> 
ships (at WarnttefL LTA woman's tour- 
namara (ffl BramhaB) 

BADMINTON; England Undur-23 v West 
Germany Urtder-23 (at Gnmsby). 

Place in settlings 

Bergen, Norway (AP) — Rich- 
ard Matuszewskj. aged 22, of the 
United States, who narrowly 
lost a- quarter-final match to 
Stefan Edbcra. the Stockholm 
Open winner last week, has been 
seeded fourth for next week's 
S50.000 Bergen Open tennis 
tournament Uif Stenlund, of 
Sweden, is the top seed. 


Cambridge profit 
through skill 
at short corners 


Cambridge University ... 3 
Hockey Association Xl . 1 

Cambridge University's well 
laid schemes at short comers 
earned them a decisive victory 
over the Hockey Association XI 
in their annual match at Bisbam 
Abbey yesterday . The Associ- 
ation had won last year's match 

Yesterday's victory enabled 
Cambridge to maintain a run of 
five successive victories. They 
had won four matches in a row 
in the London League and 
recovered their composure yes- 
terday after being a goal down at 

The Hockey Association 
team, drawn mainly from the 
England Under-21 squad, suf- 
fered from a lade of understand- 
ing because they were short of 
match practice. Cambridge, 
with a hardworking halfback 
line in which Bell was outstand- 
ing, bad a thorough knowledge 
of each other’s methods. They 
set op a stream of passes for 
their front runners Ghauri, 
Shafiq and Pitcher who created 
a number of opportunities in the 
second half during which Cam- 
bridge forced six short corners, 
scoring from three of them. 

For Cambridge, Slimmon had 
an outstanding game at sweeper 
and be rescued his side from 
trouble in the eighth minute 
when he saved near the line at a 
short corner well struck by 
Hazliu. The Association had 

belter luck in the 26th minute 
when Hazliri scored from their 
fourth short comer, the ball 
rising into the net off a 
defender's stick, 

Cambridge drew level in (he 
1 0th minute after the inter* ul 
from cleverly worked short cor- 
ner eventually converted b> 
Slimmon who picked up a pau 
from CastenskiokL Two min- 
utes bier lhe process was re- 
versed with Castenskiold 
scoring from llimmon's pass at 
another short comer. 

From about midway in this 
period the .Association launched 
a strong counter-offensive and 
on two occasions Camilfen 
found himself in a scaring 
position, Wilson, the Cam- 
bridge goalkeeper, rushing oui 
just in time to dispossess him. 

With barely two minutes to go 
Cambridge forced their sixth 
short comer of this period and 
Shafiq ended a hectic scramble 
by pushing the bail into goal. 

(Christ's HostMal and Magdalene). "G 
Simmon (KGS WHtiDtaSon and Donwwtgi. 
"R Pugha (Weinntan and Ftewfliami. "M 
Partington (M4tie<d and Emmanuel), E 
CasterokioW (Bedford and Magdalene). 
•J Sterner (Perse and Magdalene). C Bed 
(Bedford and Magdalene). *P Coates 
(fonsmctfti GS and MaaWene). *S 
Ghaun (Kngston GS and StCadianne's). 
*A Shafiq (Cate mam and Dcnmnngl *G 
Rtcfter (St Atoms aid Si Catnarme si. 

Westtaigh). C Mayer 
. J Rotate (Boumyitie). J KaOs 
iOM LOugtnoRttis. mb N Thomp so n CHd 
Loughionians). D Camilleri (O'd 
Loutetomans). A Bifcon (Teddington) 
lAnpt rm c J Anderson (MaSandsL R Parry 
(Eastern Counties).' Blues. 


Uruguayan league 
loses champions 

Montevideo (Reuter) - The 
Uruguayan champions, 
PenaroL, have withdrawn from 
the league championship be- 
cause of dissatisfaction over 
moves aimed at resolving an 
economic crisis aggravated by 
the country's poor World Cup 

Penarol say they will not turn 
out for first division matches 
again until they are satisfied 
with the solutions being sought 
to end the crisis. 

The Uruguayan Football 
Association (AUF) has agreed to 
act as guarantor for bank loans 
taken out by Penarol who are S2 
million in the red. but the courts 

Dutch clubs 
face closure 

The Hague (Reuter) — The 
Dutch Football Association, 
poshed to the limit by hooligan- 
ism. said yesterday that it would 
consider wanting first division 
dubs that they breed closure if 
crowd trouble nas not contained. 

Hie threat came after terrace 
violence last weekend forced the 
referee to abandon the game 
between Den Haag and Excel- 
sior Rotterdam after 56 minutes. 
Excelsior players refused to 
continue after their trainer re- 
ceived a vicious head wound 
from a missile lobbed by a Den 
Haag supporter. 

have embargoed the club's 
transfer fees and earnings from 

The players, who are owed 
three months’ wages, said they 
backed the dub directors' de- 
cision. Penarol, one of 
Uruguay's two leading clubs, 
with arch-rivals Narionai, are 
generally more influential than 
the 1 1 other dubs in the 
although these have only minor 



European C hampi onship 
Group Four 


NEXT FKTlBtE: Apr! 1: Northern Ireland 

GROUP SIX: Czechoslovakia 0, Denmarit 


P W D L F A PtS 

czcctnsrta 2 1 1 0 3 0 3 

Denmark 2 110 10 3 

Wales 10 10 11 1 

Finland 3 0 12 15 1 

MEXT FIXTURE: April 1: Wafas v Finland. 
GROUP FIVE: Greece 2, Hungary 1. 

P W D L F A Pta 

Poland 1 1 0 0 2 1 2 

Netherlands 110 0 10 2 

Greece 2 10 13 3 2 

Hungary 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 

Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 

NEXT FIXTURE: November 1* Nether- 
lands v Poland. 

SHIP: Group One: Spain 1, Romania 0. 
Rapufafic of Imtand 0. 

Austria 0. 

Hove Albion 4, Ipswich Town 1. 
University 1. Royal Navy a 
UAU CHAMPIONSHIP: Bradford 1, Leeds 

Last month both threatened 
to walk out of the league after 
the other clubs voted against the 
AUF as loan guarantor. But the 
AUF persuaded the small clubs 
to accept its decision. 

Uruguayan football has tra- 
ditionally revolved around 
these two. Between them they 
have won almost every 
championship. Penarol have 
also been crowned South Ameri- 
can champions four times, the 
Last time in 1%2. and Nacional 

Uruguay, world champions in 
1 930 and 1950. have declined in 
recent years with the best play- 
ers lured abroad by far better 
pay prospects and the dubs 
thankful for big transfers fees. 

Uruguay's 22-man World 
Cup squad had 1 4 foreign-based 
players. They were expected to 
do well but were eliminated in 
the second round after only two 
draws in the first round. 

Few people go to matches in a 
league devoid of stars. Only the 
Penarol-Nacional derby is guar- 
anteed to fin Montevideo's 
Centeoano stadium, which was 
the venue for the first World 
Cup Final in 1930. 

Cup tie must wait 

Darlington’s FA Cup first 
round game with Mansfield 
Town has been switched from 
Saturday to Sunday to allow 
police to take additional precau- 
tions in the wake of last 
weekend's crowd trouble at their 
Fee i hams ground. The police 
originally said they could handle 
the Darlington lie and the 
nearby M idd lesbrough- Black- 
pool and Spennymoor v 
Tran mere Rovers games. 

Tuesday’s results 

Group Fban England 1, Yugoslavia 1. 
Group Flue Greece 2. Himgary 1. Group 
SfacCzednskwaida 1. Danmara; 1. 

FA VASE: Saconf round raptors Barton 
1 , Stowmaikai 0; VWmbome 4. EsstMgti a 

SvSon'noTOn Avetey 2. 
Clapton 0: BaiMtamstad 1. Cbesham 3; 
CheshuntA. Rcwston2: Harmgey Borouqti 
4, Rainnam 0: Kiartow 2, Saffron WaWen'3: 
Hemet Hempstead 2. Wotverton Z Horn- 
church 4 . Hetfwrdge Swifts 1; LeRhworitt 
1; vwvanhoe 0. Coftar Row Z 

1. Ware 

division south: Marlow 4. 

Ftadwmii Heath 0; Wwtotoafe 6, Souttiai 

0. AC Doleo Cop; Fast round roptoy: 
Oxford Cdy 1, TiBiury . 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Firat dirisiaa: Derby 

1. Manchester atv 1; Sheffield Wadnus- 
day 3. Neweastte 1; Sunderland 4. Leeds 
0: Coventry City 4, Aston VOa Z Oldham 
0. Lwerood 1. Second dhmkm: Hudders- 
field 3. BJackpod 2; Preston 3. Wkpm 0. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Proto* tfiirttoon; 
Witney 1, Darttord 4; Aylesbury 3. Crawley 

round: Bristol City reserves 7, Warmtoser 
1: Weston-super-Mare Z Westbuv 0. 
GMAC CUP: FM round: Stafford 1. 
King's Lynn 1; Hendon 3. Kingstaman 1; 
WMon 3. Marine 0; MfeaJdstone Z Sutton 
United 4; Famborougn 2. Bognor Z 
A U rtneh am 3. Mattock 1; Wycombe 1. 
YeovB 4; Bishop s Stortford Z WaiSng 1; 
Windsor and Eton a Weymouth Z 
Carahston 0. Chetmstord Z 
Caernarfon 0. 

WELSH CUR Third round: Swansea 1, 
Newport 3. 

Second round: Watford 2. Crystal Palace 
3: Charlton 3. Luton 3. 

KENT SENIOR CUR: FM round: Ffehor 3. 
Dover 2 (am). 


Parrott recovers form 

John Parrott, from Liverpool, 
was back to something like his 
best form on Tuesday night 
when he . reached the last 32 of 
the Mercantile Credit Classic in 
Blackpool. He defeated Tommy 
Jones 5-2to earn a match with 
Alex Higgins, who beat Colin 

Roscoe. After losing, the first 
frame, Parrott made a break of 
60 in the second lo draw level 
after Jones had built up a lead of 
58 points. Jones, a former 
English amateur champion, had 
one other success, in the sixth 
frame, but Parrott had scored 
the highest break or the -match, 
77, in the previous one. 

Stephen Hendry's, aged 17, 
defeated lhe former world 
champion, Ray Reardon, begin- 
ning with a superb break of 122 
— his third century, of the 
tournament — and went on to 
build up a 4-1 lead. 

Reardon, who wort the worid 
crown six times, rallied to 4-3 
but the youngest ever Scottish 

champion maintained his 
composure. He now meets the 
Londoner, John Wright, a new 
professional, in the fourth 

Wright earned his first rank- 
ing point by winning the Iasi 
three frames against Eugene 
Hughes, who reached the semi- 
finals of the BCE international 
in September. 

Si l vino Francisco needed a 
clearance of 43 -to win the ninth 
and final frame against another 
South African, Jimmy van 
Rcnsbei^ Francisco is ranked 
twelfth in the worid and van 
Rensberg is 56th. 

THfftDROUMhJ Parrott (Era) sr.T Jones 

PSVSgTSfl,“ s E gffi 

.. . 5* D Femur (Eng) w A Know 

(Engf. 5-4; A Meo (Eng) to J Rae (Scot), 




A case of practice and 

more practice as a 

new Test series opens 

iu.;. lunlufl intmiMiinc T 

From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 2 

On recent evidence, the ride 

which loses the toss in the fim M 
Test match between England ^ 
and Australia, starting tomor- di 
row. will need to be saved by on 
rain. Such has been the m 
overwhelming advantage po 

since the mid-seventies of 
having the chance io bow M 
first while the pitch is soil Ie 
green and fresh, on the p 
Woolloongabba Ground. A 

The figures speak for them- jt 
selves. In the last eight Tests - 
to have been played here, all at n 
this time of year, seven sides tf 
have put the opposition in. of & 
whom six have won easily. 0 ! 
When, in 1983, Pakistan de- w 
parted from the now accepted h 
practice by opting to bat. they $ 
were bowled out for 156 . to » 
which Australia replied with t] 
509 Tor seven. And the pitch 
for the start of these latest 
“dashes for the Ashes” — the 
name given to them by the 
Packer lot- was just as thickly J 
grassed yesterday as all the J 
others must have been. , 

Cricket. I know, is not the * 

predictable game I am making J 

it sound. But. in Brisbane, an * 
awful lot does seem to have : 
come to depend on the spin of j 
a coin. Last November, New 
Zealand, given the chance to * 
field first, soon had Australia 
out for 179; the year before 
that. West Indies did the same 
for 175. It is twelve years once ; 
a side batting first reached 300 

in the first innings of a 1 
Brisbane Test and nine Test 
matches since they won one. 

In such circumstances, both 
sides mav be expected to say a 
praver as the toss is being 
made tomorrow, and to 
weight their attacks with seam 
and swing. The places most in 
doubt in the England side are 
the opening partner for Broad 
(whether Athey or Slack), the 
wicket-keeper (whether Rich- 
ards or French), and the fourth 
last bowler (whether Small or 
Fostert It is more likely in 
each case to be the first of the 
two. I am sorry that Gower 
has not, by now, been made a 
tour selector not because he is 
said to be in need of motiva- 
tion but simply out of 


With such concern over the 
batting. French may find him- 
self passed over, as he used to 
be for Downton. in the greater 
expectation of runs from 
Richards. If so, it will mean a 
first cap for Richards, some- 
thing which DeFreitas, though 
not Whitaker, seems sure to- 

In his only first-class in- 
nings of the tour, Whitaker 
scored one of the two first- 
class hundreds to have been 
made. Yet, to fit him in 
tomorrow, would mean break- 
ing up the Gatting-Lamb- 
Gower-Botham axis, which 
there is an understandable 

Stewart dismisses 
Press claims 

The England team m a nage r. 
Mickey Stewart, defende d the 
tourists from Australian Press 

claims that team morale was tow 

on the eve of the fost Test 
n rnfh. He also dismiss ed re- 
ports of poor disdpnne as 

But England's 90-mmote net 
session, at which none of theft 
leading fast bowlers w*s 
present, contrasted sharply with 
Australia's rigorous workout 

reluctance to do, or going into 
the game with only four 
bowlers, foT which there is an 
obviously stronger case. Yes, I 
well remember 1954-55 when 
Hutton did the same with 
such disastrous results, but it 
was a very different pitch in 
those days. 

It is extraordinary bow, for 
the moment, the psychological 
balance between the sides has 
changed since they met last, 
less than 15 months ago. You 
will remember Gower, then 
England's captain, standing 
on the balcony at the Oval and 
saying, with a smile, how the 
West Indians would be “quak- 
ing in their boots". Never in 
the long history of Anglo- 
Australian matches had Engr 
land scored so many runs so 
freely: Gatting and Gower had 
been" sated with them; Robin- 
son had been almost equally 
prolific, and, in that very 
match, Gooch had made 196. 

Border, for his part, could 
find hardly a good word to say 
for his defeated, and demor- 
alized, side. Now, despite the 
continued' absence in South 
Africa of several of Australia’s 
best cricketers, and although 
they have won only one of 

their twelve intervening Test 
matches. Border talks warmfy 
of his players' response to ms 
captaincy. Bobby Simpson, 
Australia's recently appointed 
cricket manager and an un- 
doubtedly shrewd influence, 
fosters the propaganda. It is 
Gatling's turn to try and rally 
his troops. . _ 

The shift was noticeable, I 
felt, in the way the two sides 
practised yesterday. While 
Australia bad a thorough 
work-out at the ’Gabba, Eng- 
land gave anyone who wanted 
it the day off. In the event, all 
except DeFreitas. Dilley, 
Botham, Small and Broad 
chose to have a net However 
diligently England have been 
practising, and I am assured 
they have not spared them- 
selves, there seemed to me to 
be a need to keep at it, 
especially after such a poor 
performance against Western 
'Australia, and to be seen to be 
doing so. 

But, because absorbing Test 
series are as much about 
excitement as quality, I have 
high hopes for this one. The 
fact that it is possible to see it 
as being for Test cricket’s 
wooden spoon as well as for 
the Ashes will soon be forgot- 
ten as two keenly matched 
sides strive for ascendancy. 

It would be a pity i£ at the 
very outset, (he toss were to 
give one ride or the other an 
unearned advantage but it 
obviously could, especially in 
weather such as yesterday, 
which was heavily clouded. 
That is another thing about 
Brisbane: you never know 
from one day to the next what 
the skies will bring - all the 
more reason, perhaps, why it 
would have been more sen- 
sible to have had a full 
■ practice yesterday. 

White Crusader 

w ins and sails 

into third place 

• — a- 

„h $ 

i * 

- * 

Ihfrdptaceiafoe pasted ha 

Amenca’s Cup ^^Sbstantial fcad anhc 
elimination sc- 
lies. The British 
12 -metre ted a 


Qtnadiaiis, his sec<»drie»ira 

successive days, and the 
warn moyed_apto 

SSnTS ideal Wend of the 

in the battle for the Loins whJJ ^ turn a tost race 

Virition Cup. 

bctv«u Cotr^ again Kookaburra HI 

cUvr Terry „,c* that 

1IE uiawu T — — 

and the Toronto dripper 
Nelsen. aged 28, was te bg- 

uSTofr te day. Tte 

changed twice awl 
wotted tod and sailed w*J for 
his win. He has } arienedop 
aw* Harold CUdomrei 
him into losing foe .“©sew 
maxd, in Amenja s Orp tow 
Conner won the 
but rmafa H looked a better 
yacht in foe soft bnt saady H 
^breeze. Ai foe top maA foe 
was 31 sec stead of Stare and 

r.TH£ ^ Adjust that 



Sgs gES&SSH 

ats and sequence. .. . 

.-.Ky ojfcf ' 


V 4 : L 

lmoi breeze. At roe «*P *““*■*": — ~ 

was 31 sec ahead of Store and 5e ^f^kippers Bogged foeir 
Stripes. Conner's deoapte ihetost beat 

about where 10 "ft ^Sseashel ted won the start 

annul wocic iv 

erratic as they did yesterday 
q gF .tn« White Crusader. On te 
downhill run ft was slight 

breeze fresfaenedand Com 
hepan to concentrate. The rad 

on the third beat aftcr 

At the 


hv4sec. as ibe breeze hardened 

opened her smde and rounded 

Sewpnisris I3sec JlS uo 
. The margin openea up 
suadilv on foe next wo legs, a 


and hearts from Vancouver to syndicate exec- 

Halifax began to sink. J^“f° f i r ecior Warren femes. 

Neflseutook 10 secondsout utree of 

of and Stripes’s tod *nj**m+r team’s 

downwind, g ybing out tote battler, she bra 

cd * es ^? e T < T ,I ^<£.u!ilc in te light stuff 

better breeze. Up tLma served up off Fremantle, 

inamu^sotewm^te^ be gJSSdte a shel I vbb abte 

in annum sower wrau, 

tactics paid off Neilsen workeo 
foe right arte of the co urse lik e a 
veteran, never surrendering foe 
advantage of coming to the line 
on starboard tack. At foe finish 

nems s««w w* ■ > — — — 

Downwind Beasbel was able 
to find something extra and at 
the 3 rd leeward mark te gap 
was just one boailength. around 
lQsecUp foe final work Beashal 
I— m, huf tn trv 


he was 29sec m front of Co rnier knew hnm out a fresh 

md that yas aft that nMOtered tommhn^w. a mg 

Testing times: Gatting, the England captain, 
by doubts over batting ability, froth persona 

st te gy pre srinnof concern bkQi^htaboEt 

elective, before tomorrow's Test match 

tjggtte rigW-hrad ^ rf 

. npartirp vesterdav Dy OOBIHS om Wiung wrnuj, UW 

ey have won only one of practice yesteroay. J # 7 v , p a 4. she was 

Picking over some old bones m V ulture Street p® 

A Itnuig V . i MW to -rt «■«!(-* 2STS 

By Simon Wilde 

It has to be said foe owns are 
not propitious for England in te 
first Test match tomorrow. In- 
deed, it is not inappropriate that 
foe WooUoongabba Ground, 
Brisbane, before recent mod- 
ernization Australia’s starkest 
Test arena, should be situated in 
Vulture Street, because, for 
English cricket at any rate, it is 
as sinister as a graveyard- 
England’s playing record at 
foe 'Gabba is disastrous. Since 
1946, they have lost six matches, 
drawn tteee and won only one — 
against weakened opponents 
daring the Packer period. Not 
only that, when playing there 
then- batsmen fad in a manner 

These do not simply affect the 
ootcome of te^ Tests drastically; 
they do so with a partmhty 
which has to be admired. Only 
one has ever contrived a loss for 

At te 'Gabba in l950, Eog- 

brnd actually batted, bowled and 
fielded better than Australia, ye* 

still tost. Their heroic efforts 00 
a rine-pototf a pitch (68 for seven 
declared and 122) were coosid- 
eraMy better than those iff ten- 
opponents (32 for seven de- 
clared, hot Australia s Brat 
innings of 228, a poor total on 
the then perfect pitch, proved 
derisive. It had been a similar 
smry on foe previous tom: 

which can only be described as 
contagious, while their teams as 
a whole generally enjoy te 
ouellest of luck. 

One of the first Hangs to *®e 
said about Brisbane is te 
weather. Around the tune of year 
that it hosts Test mattes, 
M fficulari y ones involving Ey 
land, there is a tendency for 
foonderstonns of tropical intra- 
sity to burst overhead suddenly. 

Minj i" — — - , w 

Fj.pI « d caught on a spiteful 
wicket after a parti c ularly n- 
oient tempest; AnstraHa already 
safe with a score of 645 behind 

them. . _ 

That was the occasion or 
Bradman's comeback to Test 
cricket after a ?>*ag illness ana 
the war. He had begun un- 
certainly, and on 28 gave an 
apparently good catch to Ikh «t 
second dip, bnt stayed his 

ground and foe umpire gave tom 
net oat. He went on to score 187. 

That is another characteristic of 
Brisbane — England's lack with 
foe umpires. SimJar incidents 
were to occur at Brisbane early 
hi foe mnhtp ; of 166 by Lowry, 
who appeared to give a catch to 
Parks, the wicketkeeper, and 
2 fl 7 by Stackpole, who survived 
a confident run-out appeaL 
If anyone that, in tin 

age of covered pitches, there is 
no longer any need for Enrfand 
to worry about the malevolence 
of foe elements, then tey are 
mistaken. In 1974-75, foe side 
fed by Denness arrived at the 
TSabba two days before te Test 

to find foe pitch little more ten 
a mass ®ff black nmd. The 
square, being on a gentle slope, 
nee ded careful protection few 

the customary downpour but ted 

plainly not been on this 
occasion. ... 

Denness and his players then 
beheld foe reesswing sight of 
Clem Jones, foe Lmd Mayor tf 
Brisbane, oadertaking foe dtes 
of acting-curator as be teti 
recently sacked the 
gro u nd sman. Mr Jones, sport- 
ing a yellow safety-helmet, rig- 
orously applied the heavy re/iler 

before foe mud corid try and 
succeeding in creating aridgea* 
foe southern end. This the 
Australian fast bowlers — Eng- 
land, alas, did not have any of 
simitar pace — were to expfeit to 

lethal effect Of foe 35 wickete to 

fail fa» the match. 24 Bril at tarn 
southern end, and, of these, 16 
belonged to England, who also 
lost Edrich and Amiss with 
broken haiM ^ It was abo te 
fimtiMt at which Thomso n an- 
Bounced his sensational arrival 
on the Test scene. 

Perhaps there is a reason for 
ti ncfia Tu failure at the 'GaMw- 
Brisbane has been the raaie for 
the first Test of a Ml series 
between the two countries m 
Australia for te past SOyeare 
(with tiie exception of 198Z-W, 

when it staged te second), and. 

In an opening encomte-, the 
initiative usually lies wtm tne 
bowlers. They may be oT proven 
Test match experience, ©rthey 
be new and unf a milia r; 
either way, the batsmen, who 
can afford only the one error, 
most treat them with early 
circumspection. This does not 
explain why it is Australia, 

nfoer ♦*»« Fu giand. who usu- 
ally gain te swift psychological 
advantage at Brisbane. Before , 
Lflke and Thomsen were doing 
it, Lindwall and IVGDer were 
there to force England batsmen 
on to the hack foot for the 
hurried stroke. 

Nor is England’s preste 
vulnerability at foe top of foe 
order assstMog new. They have 

only mice made an effective stmt 

at foe ’Gabba; in 1970-71 when 
Boycott and Lnckharst put on 92 
for te first wicket in a total of 
464, comfortably England's best 

on the ground. Just two batsmen 

have scored centorira forten 
there: Leybmd (126 m 1936-37) 
and Grrig (110 in 1974-75). 

The first Test ever played m 
Brisbane was at the Exhibition 
Ground in 1928. E®teod won, 
by a record margin of 675 runs. 
But, with remarkable prescience 
and before England corid teur 
a gain, foe Queensland Cricket 
Association then moved to te 
'Gabba. England regained tte 
Ashes theredming tbe bodyline 

series of 1932-33, and won agui 
in 1936-37, but that was to be 
the end of their fartune. 

nuy — . 

ough- Crusader was more foan 
1 mm ahead ai the top mark and 

she was able to increase foal 
margin with every subsequent 
leg. Rod Davis never looked as 
tf he had te boatspeed to 
rb*iu mgt! foe Bntqfa.. whose 
yacht, although opfomsed- ftnr 
heavy weather, seems to haire 
been pnfohm through foe soft 
stuff bttttimmof 

A aew spar, to replace the one 

dnnaged last weric, has nst 
been flown to Perth. Meanwhile 
the stand-in mast taken from foe 
spare yacht is proring surprising 
effective, “ft’s not as good as foe 
wrecked mast but much better 
than I expected” Cudmore said. 
“In practical terms the mattMl 

sets as well as with te 2000- 
series mast, hut when you’re 
< - n whi ng through waves ft 
doesn't have sudi good tensfle 
ctararieristics." : 

tv’s gamble fiuled 
to come off and at foe finuta 
foev were an enormous mmguu 
3nun 18sec. behind te Parry 

Cana* B bt Sara and Stripas. 2 Smc 

ura bt DmBnnnn Franco, sOi; NM 

nSffmd M nSxT&nr; French Wsa bt 



ARW rtcufl 



French W*s 


CswtiR— ■ 
Ento — — — 

Azzqrre — 


W L Pta 

21 1 61 

1^20 2 58 

IS 7 43 

17 S 41 

— Ifi to to 

14 8 38 

__ 11 11 27 

10 12 ZB 

B 14 24 

-sw w 

— ; 2 20 6 

— 2 M 2 

ggpysys rrai 

Zaaknl: French Kiss • jWvW OTgatWh 

dmactensttcs. Zunkmit; French iro» ww^ g»»; 

gyring finwhes Sir Whitt iOHrtotA*|^vUSA;SttraandS«ipeB 

apind French Kiss- Tbe strog- 
^ in foe oonnng two weeks a 
going to be agamst the Royal 
Perth Yacht Club and as 1 inter- 
pretation that a new ked nmt 
be cast in the , country of te 
Syndicate’s origin. 

Ian Hewlett’s devdppment 
programme for White Crusader 

r«lK for substantial changes 
underwater. If foe te new ked 
cannot be fa br ic ated in Fre- 

oBsoet senes result* 
Ausuato ■ bt SMfc Wto sy. S3K 

oerBaa SBoessTJuamas 


S^"z==z§. j. 

■sasfc=t r 

South Au»aB» »”• * 

S»ak V Kidney te ® 

Ka W: South AuaretovjSwfo^i Kttwy, 
KoonhuRS D v Austrelt HL 

; C.7-; ^ 





Australian gulf i: 
simply too wide 

ffptata why it » Aosoaim, — , 


- - • . w — -m a m' •m -m “U - 


Cash hitch 


By Paul Newman 


Perhaps all the cries of shock, 
honor, alarm and despondency 
about Great Britain’s disasters 
against Australia are misplaced 
and exaggerated. It may he after 
all foatMaurice Bamford need 
not take the veQ or jump ship to 
South America in a rod beard 
and dark spectacles to start a 
new life. . t r 

Perhaps the ample truth of 
the matter is that given the 
organization and texture of the 
- a mp, in the two countries, 
Jefeat was always inevitable. An 
analytical look at the facts 
endorses this apparently defeat- 
ist but pragmatic point of view. 

In New South Wales and 
Queensland, rugby league is the 
top “winter” sport with te 
Australian winter seeming to be 
much warmer than our summer. 
Rugby Union has made strong 
strides to challenge the league 
code in popularity, hot ironi- 
cally. this helps the cause of 
league, since the Wallabies tend 
to favour the fast-ha n dl in g type 
of game which makes converts 
like Mike O'Connor adapt easily 
to the techniques and demands 
of the professional game. 

Id Sydney and Brisbane, the 
strongholds of the game, young- 
sters start playing virtually as 
soon as they are out of nappies. 
On big match days there is a 
carnival atmosphere, with te 
festivities starting early in the 
morning as te seven, eight and 
1 1 -year-olds play competitive 

Competitive rugby continues 
throughout junior, senior and 
high school levels. Again, 
whether te game is union or 
league, te staiufards are im- 
mensely high, with Australian 
high school learns showing such 
pu* and handling ability that 
te top young players are ready 
for reserve grade rugby at pro- 
fessional level before they have 
left school. 

The top league, te Sydney 


Keith Macklin /V 

Cohen deal 

Competition, pays its leading 
players sufficient money for 
many of them to become full- 
time professionals, concentrat- 
ing on fitness and skills while 
flirting with outside jobs that are 
often just cosmetic entries in 
identity cards and work permits. 

Big names, such as Peter 
Sterling, Wally Lewis and Mai 
Meninga, pick up fees, appear- 
ance money and bonuses which 
many a professional football 

The Scottish premier division 
side. Rangers, have been 
thwarted in their attempt to sign 
the Israeli captain, Avi Cohen, 
from MaccabL The deal has 
broken down over te TetAviv 
club's demand for £130, (XX) for 
foe defender, who was a col- 
league of te Glasgow club’s 
player-manager, Graeme 
Souness, at Liverpool. 

• Colin Murphy has returned 
from a job in Saudi Arabia to 
start a second spell in charge of 
Stockport County. The former 
Derby County and Lincoln City 
manager has a tough task ahead 

as Stockport axe anchored at the. 
foot of the fourth division with 
only one win. 

• Luton Town will be t a k i n g 
their first team to Barnet on 

player in Britain would envy, ft 
navs to be Rood, and to work at 

pays to be good, and to work at 
bemg good, in an Australian 
game fed by vast profits on tire 
plush social chibs and fruit 
machines. _ „ 

Against these factors. Great 
Britain has players who spend 

most of their waking time in the 

factory, down the pit, in foe 
office or at foe wheel of a sales 
executive’s car, unless they have 
tire misfortune to be un- 
employed. A h a nd ful of top 
players may be able to rub along 
on match fees and te occa- 
sional “backhander” on a trans- 
fer. but full-time application to 
rugby league is impossible and 
offers an uncertain future. 

During te past few years, 
through the staunch efforts of 
foe Rugby League's director of 
coaching, Phil Larder, have 
aenuine coaching schemes been 
introduced to find, monitor and 
groom foe best schoolboy and 
youth talenL Yet, far too many 

junior schools, even in thriving 
rugby league areas do not in- 
clude foe game in their spotting 
curriculum. Nevertheless, there 
are signs that foe momentum is 
increasing, and universities and 
colleges are taldnr to foe game 
in rapidly increasing numbers. 

Monday to play in a testimonial 
myrrh for Stoye Mahoney. 
Mahoney, who joined Barnet sex 
years ago from Hitchin Town, 
was leading scorer for two 
seasons but missed the whole of 
last term through injury. Now fit 
again, Mahoney has scored 10 
gpals in 13 games this season. 

• The Luton secretary, Graham 
MackreU, aged 36. resigned 
yesterday after five yeais at 
Kenilworth Road. MacfcreO, 
who was previously secretary at 
Bournemouth for sevas years, is 
the fourth senior official to leave 
Luton in the last six months. 
David Pleat, the former man- 
ager, his assistant, Trevor 
Hartley, and the club’s physio- 
therapist, John Sheridan, left to 
jenn Tottenham Hotspur in 

Mackrell, who hopes to find 
another job in football, said he 
was leaving Linon because his 
career needed “a change of 
direction and a new challenge 

• Middlesbrough, the third d> 

For noo-Leagne dubs te 
early rands of tte FA Cup offer 
financial rewards, national 
attention and the chance for 
their part-tone players to pit 
their skills against pro- 
fessionals. For soar L eagu e 

cluhs te competition can appear 

to offer only te fear of, defeat 
and hnoulimion. 

Southport know all about such 
fears. As perennial stragglers in 
tte fourth division, they used to 
provide te sort of opposition 
nm-League dubs refished. A 
Football League side to name' 
but distinctly vulnerable to de- 
feat against a team for whom te 
match would be te highlight of 
their season. 

Southport’s departure from 
the League to 1978, wires Wigan 
Athletic beat them in te annual 
re-election poll, was un- 
doubtedly accelerated by two 
defeats against nou-League 
opponents m their last three 

1 *1 ' 

t 'W' J 



* A * 

hhja • • Tie. 

Bryan Griffiths; “They have everything to lose. 

vision leaders, have appointed 
Keith Lamb as their first chief 

Saints seek Elia deal 

St Helens intend to make lodged, but foe club uraukl seek 
re prese n tations to foe New Zea- a reduction in Elia'S fee, or an 

land Rugby League over Mark extension of his playing period 
Elia, foe centre threequarter in England. He is due to return 

..L. : 1 — M ul , V U 1..J L._ Info Matrh 

who arrived from New Zealand home in late March, 
in mid-October with a ham- Elia aggravated the fol^ 
string injury and has yet to play playing on it at te end of the 
a game for foe Saints (Keith New Zealand season. His home 
Macktin writes). body said they knew of foe 

The St Helens secretary, injury, but were told it was 
Geoff Sutcliffe, said that no almost better when he flew to 
official complaint would be Britain. 

executive. Lamb, aged" 60, 
accountant, has supported his , 
home town club since his 
schoolboy days and played non- 
f+* j [ ne football in the north- 

• ASCOLL The Italian first 
division dub. Ascoli, have dis- 
missed their manager, _ Aklo 
Sensible, following a string of 
defeats which has left the team 
in te lower half of the league 
with only six points from . nine 
matches. Costantino Rozzi, the 
dub's president, said yesterday 
that SensibUe will be replaced by 
llario Castagner, aged 46, a 
former manager of AC Milan 
and Inter-Milan. 

The boot will be firmly an tte 
other ftoot on Saturday. South- 
port are t h r ou gh to the .first 
round proper for the tost tone to 
eight years and Sc iu i tlH Hpe 
United, their fourth division 
hosts, will be tte team fearing 
the i gnnnniiy of. defeat. Bryan 

Griffiths, Southport’s manager, 

remembers what such matches 
are 1'^ having been a South- 
port player himself to the early 
1960s. • 

“You don’t relish te thought 
of these games at all," he sabL 
“The otter side will be throwing 
everything at you smd yos’ll hare 
to really bame to win. But it’s 
almost impossible not to kt 
complacency creep in and ifs 
very difficult te motivate play- 
ers. That’s when upsets happen. 

“At our level, getting though 
the qualifying rounds k difficult 
but now that we’re through the- 
pressure is off as and on 
Scanttorpe. We have everythin 

to gain and they have everything 

the League. Deprived of the 
regular cash hand-nuts from 

one R«an*tal crisis to another 
»ml twice went to the brink of 
«iiu ft i i niiH recent times, how- 
ever, tte future has started, to 
look brighter. “WeYe stiB fed- 
tog te effects of te fina ncia l 
problems we had to te League 
bnt te present board of direct 

tors are riowly but surely getting 
te dub’s liorae to order,' 
Griffiths said. 

Performances on the ted 
have also toqeroved. Under Grif- 
fiths, an experienced . and 

“We expected a handful ofour 
supporters to go but there were 
hundreds of than there. They 
had dag out flags and banners 
from years bade. 

“There’s undoubtedly a 
substantial number iff fringe 



supporters who are just waiting 
. for same suc c e s s, u we get a 

, far some success. If we get a 
draw at Scunthorpe I’m oa»- 
vtoced we’d get a crowd, ff at 
feast 6,000 for the replay. IfS a 
shame that more people dowt 
come and watch te league 
games and cm* competitions 
which we have a realistic chance 
of wining.” 

her of non-league dubs hi te 
Liverpool area, Southport fin- 
ished sixth- in the Multipart 
League last season and rented 

te ks i 16 of the FA Trophy for 
the first time. ' 

Home. sttHMtoiwes , which 

“We can get a hit of dory and 
help, te dub financially if we 
win and I'm sure we can match 
Scunthorpe if we play to the firil 
extent of our ability. They’ve 
watted ns threeorfour fonesso 

their obviously worried.” 

Southport experienced tra»> 
static times in the years Immedi- 
ately after their departure from 

went , up to more, than 2,009 
during that Trophy . rat aft 
Southport enjoyed their most 
successful 'fime since Leagu e 
- days. Telford United and Scar- 
borough were among thea vic- 
tims before they finally went <»t 

to another GM Vaaxhall Con- 
ference cfafo, Kidderminster 
’ Harriers. 

With automatic promotion to 
foe fomfo dirisioa now avaUaMe 
to foe GM Vaaxhall Conference 
champions, Southport hope one 
day to return to League foofoau- 
Their ground and facilities are 
stiB up to Leagra standards and 

future progress win he depen- 
dent npon success oa the field. 

In foe meantim e, foe Cup 
offers a welcome distra ction, 
particularly for several phJ®* 

who hare already had a tsrteof 
League football. “That could be 
a deersive factor against 

“The scenes foe our match at 
Scarborough were 

anhdievaMe,** Griffiths said. 

a umai'v umvw- — 

Scunthorpe," Griffiths sam- 
‘Those players wffl be w«^ 
to prove foey are sffll g®«® 

enough fsr Lragoe foeteDaM 

tiffs wffl be the stage ou whfch to 
prove ft-" ■/ 


t 7" 5 : •' 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

High society where the sky’s the limit 

• Technicalities like wind pres- 
sure and structural stress are 
probably unavoidable in films like 
Skyscraper (Channel 4, 8.00pm), 
with which the Equinox season of 
popular science documentaries 
comes to an end. But nobody 
remains po-faced in Equinox for 
long and. sure enough, there are 
enthusiastic engineers and 
construction managers and archi- 
tects in tonight's film who com- 
mend skyscrapers to us in 
sentiments we can all understand 
while not perhaps agreeing with. 
For example, they insist that tail 
thin girls are more fun to look at 
than short fat ones. And we are 
introduced to the short, fat, Jewish 
architect who categorizes flat- 
topped skyscrapers as 
circuxnsized, and those with more 
ornate tops as uncircumsized. 
There is a strong element of plus 
ca change in Kail Sabbagb’s 

6.00 Ceefax AML 

6.30 ThB FEntstones. Cartoon 
series, (rj 6.55 Weather. 

7 DO Breakfast Tims with Frank 
Bough. Sally Magnusson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 

7 JO, 8.00, 8.30 and 9jfi; 
regional news and travel at 

7.15, 7.45, 8.15 and 8.45; 
weather at 72S, 7.55, 825 and 

9-05 Package Tour. A 40 Minutes 
documentary following British 
holidaymakers travelling 
toBerudorm. (r) 9.45 Advice 
Shop. Margo MacDonald 
examines the social security 
appeals system. 10.00 


vertigo-inducing film because it 
begins with views of some of San 
Gernixuano's 70 medieval towers 
which the nobility put up io outdo 
one another, and ends with views 
of the twentieth century corporate 
HQ building which is’ no less a 
symbol of materialistic suprem- 
acy. As for the future of the 
skyscraper, the sky seems - 
literally - to be the limit. The 
tallest at present is the Sears 
Tower in Chicago, but plans are 
well advanced to build one twice 
as high in Manhattan. The layman 
needs some help in envisaging 
such a monster, and Equinox 
provides it. If the 500-storey 
skyscraper had its feet in London’s 
Hyde Park, h would cast a shadow 
that would reach Camden Town. 
It comes as no surprise to learn 
that the name of the developer 

ihbours. (r) 

lip Schofield with news of 

children's television 
programmes, and birthday 
greetings 10.30 Play School. 

(rt 10.50 Henry's Cat (r) 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Alan Bennett 
with a thought for the day 1.00 
Food and Drink. A repeat of 
Tuesday's programme which 
included chef Michael Quinn 
cooking for a week for two 
pensioners on the £25 they put 
aside for food. 11.35 Open Air. 
Viewers’ comments. 

12.25 Blrdweek. Tony Soper and 
Nick Davias, with Bill Oddie, 
report live from the Wildfowl 
Trust. SBmbrfdge. 12J5 
Regional news and weather. 

IDO News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 1.25 Neighbours. 
Weekday soap set in a 
Melbourne suburb 1D0 Animal 
Fair with den Spencer. 

2 DO FHm: 633 Squadron (1964) 
starring Ctiti Robertson. 
Second World War drama 
about the RAFs attempts to 
destroy b seemingly 
impregnable factory In Norway 
producing fuel for German V2 
rockets. Directed by Waiter E 
Grauman. 3.30 Hie Pink 
Panther Show. Cartoons. 

3-50 Scragiag and Isa Tee-time 
Telly 4D5 Laurel and hardy. 
Cartoon version, (r) 4.10 
Sebastian the Incredible 
Drawing DogL Michael 

Barrymore with the story of 
The Shyest Man in the World 
420 Odysseus the Greatest 
Hero of Them AH. Tony 
Robinson begins a series on 
the Greek legends 425 
Dungeons and Dragons, (r) 

455 John Craven's Kewsraund 

5.05 Blue Peter includes a 
recap of the details concerning 
the 1986 Appeal. (Ceefax) 525 

6.00 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Nicholas WitcheH. Weather. 

625 London Plus. 

7.00 Top of the Pops presented by 

Mike Smith. ^ 

720 EastEndere. Kelvin makes an 
admission to tvs father. 

8D0 Tomorrow's World. The 
programme includes items on 
a new vibration test for 
helicopters; a new device to 
help the indoor decorator; a 
Scandinavian-designed tree 
harvester; the paWoss 
Injection of cows; and making 
nuclear reactors safer. 

820 The Kenny Everett Show 
featuring Hot Gossip. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with John Humphrys and 
Frances Coverdale. Regional 
news and weather. 

9.30 Just Good Friends. A new 
series begins with Penny and 
Vince meeting for the first time 
in two years m Paris. Will the 
romantic ambience rekindle 
their feelings for each other? 

10.00 Crimewatch IRC presented by 
Nick Ross and Sue Cook. The 
programme Includes 
reconstructions of an armed 
robbery and the kidnapping of 
a young boy. 

10.40 Question Tone. Sir Robin 
Day's guests are Lady Antonia 
Fraser and MPs Donald 
Dewar, Douglas Hurd, and Roy 

11.40 Crimewatch Up-date 11.50 


1125 Newsnlght Sy-election 

Special. A Newsmght special 
analysing the Knowsiey North 
by-election result. Ends ax 
1 . 00 . 

T fmU SB ‘ ' 


sar feai 

Jan Francis and Paul Nicholas begin a new series of Just Good 
Friends with a meeting hi romantic Paris: BBC 1 930pm 

who is ready to play this trump 
card is Trump. 

• No Bag of Roses (BBC2, 
8.20pm). this week's Brass Tacks 
documentary, is not at all en- 
couraging about the new system 
we have devised for dealing with 
the mentally handicapped among 
us — taking them out of institu- 
tions and putting them back into 
the community. The philosophy 
behind it seems rock-solid. A 
caring society ought to have no 
place for the "warehousing” tech- 
niques to be found in many big 
mental hospitals. But, the film 
argues strongly, community care 
implies a caring com mm unity, 
and enough examples of public 
indifference and hostility are 
quoted tonight to make it clear 
that what works in theory does not 
necessarily work in practice. Over- 
protected in hospitals, too many 
patients end up being 

9 no Ceefax. 

922 Daytime on TWo: A-tevel 
studies - statistics 10.15 
Science - Joins 1028 The 
changing rotes of 20th century 
women 11D0 Keeping warm 
11.18 Parents-to-be consider 
the impact their baby will have 
on thar lives 11.40 A young 
Belfast lad Is sent to kve in 

12.12 Basic Spanish language skitls 
1220 French for absolute 
beginners 12.45 The senses 

1.05 A French mufti-media 
course 1.38 Hedgerows 2.09 
The story of Charles 
Macintosh who invented the 
'mac' 2.15 Music - keeping 

225 international Tennis. The 
Benson and Hedges 
Championships. 325 Regional 
news and weather. 

400 Pamela Armstrong. Weird and 
wonderful examples of 
telephones are to be seen this 
afternoon; and the 
phenomenal success of 
phone-in programmes is 
discussed by Robbie Vincent 
of Radio London, and John 
Whale of Radio Aire. Among 
the other guests is the 
delightful Cyd Charisse. 
currently appearing in Charley 

420 International Tennis. Further 
coverage of the ecnon at the 
Wembley Arena- 

520 Film 86. Among the films 
previewed is Nicolas Roeg's 
castaway, (r) 

6D0 Star Trek. Captain Kirk has to 
contend with a lethal plague 
that threatens the entire crew 
of the Enterprise, (r) 

620 What on Earth-? The first of a 
new series of the wildlife quiz, 
presented by Jeremy Chenas. 
The experts putting their 
reputations on the line are 
Michael Clegg. Lionel 
Kekaway. Peter Moore, and 
Pat Wiltshire. 

7.15 100 Great SportBig Moments. 
The controversial Bout in 
Marcn 1971 between Keruy 
Cooper and Joe Bugner. 

7.50 Open Space; Pictures of 
Home. The importance of 
home, and first-hand accounts 
of the despair faced by those 
who are homeless. 

820 Brass Tacks: No Bag of 

Roses. David Taylor reports on 
the state of community care for 
the mentally handicapped, (see 

9.00 Entertai nm ent USA introduced 
by Jonathan King. Anew 
series begins with a report 
from a far flung outpost of the 
United States - the hawaflan 
island of Maul. 3.000 miles 
from Los Angeles. There is 
also an interview with Elton 

920 Television and Number 10. 

The second and final part of 
the documentary about the 
relationship between British 
pnme ministers and the box. 

1020 Newsnigtit 11.15 Weather. 

1120 International Tennis. 

Highlights of tonight's matches 
in the Benson and Hedges 
Championships. Ends at 12.15. 

underprotected in the community. 
The most distressing feature of the 
new ex peri menu reflected time 
and again in David Taylor's 
report, is that the heaviest weight 
or responsibility for the welfare of 
the discharged mentally handi- 
capped falls on their relatives, and 
that in the rush to protea the 
human rights of the patients, the 
rights of families are being 

• Radio choice: The Price of 
Advice (Radio 4, 8.10pm). John 
Howard's report on the work of 
the hard-pressed Citizens Advice 
Bureaux, is a first-rate piece of 
radio journalism. There is a much 
detail about politics and hard- 
nosed economics as there is about 
the humanitarian instinct that 
underlies the little-understood 
activities of these helping hands. 

Peter Davalle 

Things to come ? Half-mile-high Manhattan skyscraper. Equinox, 04, 8.00pm 


925 Thames new* headlines. 

920 Schools behind the scenes in 
a supermarket 9.42 The story 
of The Wizard of Everything 
924 Why plants are important 
for breathing 10.11 Excerpts 
from the film, it Shouldn't 
Happen to a Vet 1028 The 
bloodstream 10A5 How 
designers choose materials 
from the vast number available 
1123 Part two of the mystery 
story, Mr Magnus is Waiting for 
You 11.20 Decisions involved 
in making a television 
programme 11.37 How We 
Used to Live: The Children's 

12.00 Thomas the Tank Engine and 
Friends, (r) 12.10 Puddle 
Lane. Puppet series, with Neit 
times, Richard Robinson, and 
Kate Lee 1220 The Suffivana. 

1D0 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1 20 Thames news. 

120 Falcon Croat Drama serial 
starring Jane Wyman as the 
matriach of a California grape- 
growing dynasty 22S Home 
Cookery Club. Beef n’ 
Pineapple Kebabs. 

2.30 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion on 
Aids and screening, among 
those taking part are Professor 
JuNan Peto, Dr Paul Grint, 
Majella McElwee, and Tony 
Whitehead 3 DO Take the High 
Road 325 Thames news 
headlines 320 Sons and 

4.00 Flicks. Christopher Liflicrap 
with part two of Norman the 
Doorman 4.10 The Telebugs 
420 Running Loose. A new 
six-part documentary series 
about a group of irmer-city 
youngsters on a camping 
holiday, based on an English 
country farm. (Oracle) 445 
Dangermouse. The test of a 
new senes about the teariess 
rodent and his timorous 
assistant, Penfold. 

5.1 S Blockbusters. General 

knowledge game for 

...teenagers- .. . .. 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 

6.00 Thames news. 

620 Cro ss r oa ds. Anne-Marie is put 
through her paces by Adam. 

6.45 Emmerdafe Farm. Annie 

receives little comfort from her 
family after Sandie leaves. 

7.15 Film: The Magician (1 974) 
starring Bin Bixby as Anthony 
Dorian, a magician who solves 
the mystery death of a man 
who died during his act. A 
m ade-for-tefevtsi o n thriller, 
directed by Marvin Chomsky. 

820 Miss World 198S introduced by 
Peter Marshall and Mary 
Stavin. Miss World 1977, from 
the Royal Albert Hall. The 
scene for the swimwear and 
national costume parades is 
Macau in the South China Sea. 
The cabaret is provided by Five 

10.00 News at Ten with AJastair 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 

1020 Quincy. The investigative 
pathologist helps the police 
nail a sex attacker whose 
latest victim dies. Starring Jack 

1120 The Business of Excellence. 
Michael E Porter, professor of 
business administration at 
Harvard Graduate Business 
School lectures on ’Being 

12.15 Knowsiey North By-election. 
The result and analyses of the 
voting, presented by Alastair 
Bumet With MPs Kenneth 
Clarke, Roy Hatteraley, and 
David Steel 

1225 Wght Thoughts 

* T.V-AM ' v j 1 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne Diamond 
and Geoff Meade. News with 
Gordon Honeycombe at 620, 
7.00, 7.30, 8.00. 820 and 9.00; 
financial news at 625; sport at 

6.40 and 7.40; exercises at 
625: cartoon at 725; pop 
music at 725; and Jeni 
Barnett’s postbag at 825. The 
. . After Nine guests include 
Gyles Brand rath and Claire 

Miss World 1977, Mary Stavin, and Peter Marshall, present this 
year's competition from the Royal Albeit Hall: ITV 830pm 


2.15 Their Lordships’ House. A 
repeat of last night's highlights 
of the State Opening of 
Parliament. Introduced by Gtyn 

220 FUm: If I Were King* (1938) 
starring Ronald Coleman as 
the 15th-century poet 
Francois Villon, who saves 
Paris from invaders and then 
escapes the noose that has 
been promised for his neck. 
With Basil Rath bone and El ten 
Drew. Directed by Frank Lloyd. 

420 Cartoon. Woody Woodpecker 
in Barbing Buddies. 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams and 
mental arithmetic competition 
is challenged by Carole 
Paulton. from Leek, 
Staffordshire. The 
questionmaster is Richard 
Wh delay assisted by Bill Tidy 
as adjudicator. 

5.00 Charlie Chaplin Cavalcade* 
(1984) A compilation of four 
comedies made by and 
starring Charlie Chaplin in 
1916 - One AM in which he 
plays a drunk; The Pawnshop 
where he creates chaos; The 
Floorwalker where an 
escalator is the scene for a 
shambles involving a store 
detective; and The Rink in 
which he plays a waiter with a 
passion for roller skating. 

620 Union World presented by 
Trevor HyetL Ms Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of Sogat '82, 
discusses Fleet Street and 
allied printing matters with 
Eddy Shah. 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Nicholas Owen. 

720 Comment With Ins view on a 
topical matter is Trevor Carter, 
a teacher and trade unionist 

BD0 Equinox: Skyscraper. This last 
programme in the series traces 
the technical developments 
that have led to the building of 
quarter mile high office blocks, 
(see Choice) 

9D0 Oh Madefine. American 
domestic comedy series 
starring Madeline Kahn, with 
guest Johnny Mathis. 

920 FBm: Our Man m Havana* 
(1959) starring Alec Guinness. 
Graham Greene's comedy 
thriller about a vacuum dsaner 
salesman m Cuba who decides 
to supplement his salary to 
accommodate the expensive 

tastes of his daughter by 
offering his services to the 
British Secret Service. In order 
to justify his pay, and having 
no Idea how to recruit or run a 
spy ring, he resorts to 
invention, with Maureen 
O'Hara, Burl Ives, Ralph 
Richardson and Noel Coward. 
Directed by Carol Reed. 

1120 Anglo-Irish Agreement A look 
at how lile In Northern Ireland. 
Eire, and Britain has been 
affected by the year-old 
Hillsborough Agreement 
1225 Their Lordships' House. Glyn 
Mathias presents highlights of 
the debate on the Queen's 
Speech. Ends at 12.40. 


P fiti 

ANGLIA London accept 1-20 

News ana weather 1-30-2-3Q 
Frtly/Rfty 6X0 Atom Angfle &5&-7.1S 
Crossroads 10-30 Eastern Apan»cnes 113)0 
Cwnbndae Foik Festival 11.30 Man «i e 
Suitcase 12-30 Knowsiey North By-election 
12.55 St Hugh ot Lincoln, Close. 

RORDFR As London except 1-20 
B&fflar.isS?. Border News Tfe-ZSO flan- 
dall and HopWrk (Deceased) 3XS Ttia Par- 
lour Game3JG-400 The Young Doctors 64)0- 
6.20 Lookaround Thursday ID-3 Border 
Pool Classic 11. IS Mike Hammer 12-10 The 
Knowsiey North By-erecuon 12-55 WOetner, 


BAS Cam 
11X5 Qu 

election 1 

GRAMPIAN As London except 
USSSBClSEi 1X0 North News 130-433 
Man m a Suitcase SX0-&2Q North Toright 
845-7.15 Who's The Boss 10X0 Minder 11X0 
Cram Tara 12X0 Atiout Goalie 1230am 
Knowsiey North By-eteaton 

GRANADA ftjg-fegg 

125-230 Granada Reports 330-4X0 tea 
Young Doctors 6*00-6X0 Granada Reports 

ULSuOuincy 11.25 Granada Rep??* 

Knowsiey North flyelactton 1130 Ail Mnda of 
Country 12X0 Knowsiey North bjmlacttm 

HTVWEST_ yj^r^V 

2X5 A Country Practice 64XL630 HTV 
News 1030 The Wast This Wadi 10XS Week- 
end Outlook 11 X0 Minder 12X0 Knowsiey 
North By^ectkm 1255am weather. Close. 

HTV WALES «S7.taSgl;,. 

Lookxu FdrwBtasflXtaiirSXO Wales At 
Six 1030-11X0 Woles This weak 



6X0 Scotland Today 10X0 Crane Desk 1435 
Crazy Like A Fax tUOCnmn Tars 12X0 
Knowsiey North By-etochon 12X5 Lets Can 

TSW As London except IXOpnTSW 
f Y w News and weather 130-2-30 Tucker's 
Witch 5-124.15 Gub Honeytmn'a Made 
Birthdays 6X0 TodaySouth West 030-7.15 
Carson s Law 10X2 Him: For The Death ot 
a Cop (Alain Deion) il2Som Postscript 12X0 
Knowsiey North By-election Special 
▼VQ As London except IXOpm TVS 
1 * - News 1^0 Action on Drugs 1-35-2-30 
Jessie 3X5-4X0 TVS News foUoweO by 
Country <3P &0M2D Coast to Coast 1030 Ac- 
tion on Drugs: Wnen the going gets 
tough— 12X0 Knowsiey North By-election 

TYNF TFFS As London except 
■ . live 1X0 RegionsI News 1J5 

Lookaround 1.30-2X0 Randan and 
Hopkirk (Deceased) 8X0-530 Northern Ufa 
1032 The Works 11X0 Word Wo Image 
12X0 Knowstey North By-eiacoon 1155am 
Things of God 1.10 Close. 


Guy 330-4X0 DiffTent Strokes 54X) Good 
Evening meter 6.10-620 Police Six 10X0 
Counterpoint 1130 Cakfomia Highway 
12X0 Knowsiev Norm By e l e c t ion 


Lunchtime Live 120 Colandar News 1.30- 
230 The Yellow Rose 6X0-630 Calender 
1030 Mickey SpBanos Mfce Hammer 
1130 New Avengers 1230am Knowsisy North 

CXI* Starts: 11.10am Schools 11X5 In- 
22= tarval 12X0 Tuneless Burma 1X0 
Years Ahead 1X5 Their Lordanma' House 
2X0 Countdown 230 Rim: The Triumph ol 
Sherlock Holmes’ (Arthur Wortmar) (1935) 

4X5 FfalaDalam 430 Aihro Amser 42S Haloc 
5Jffl The AtihoB and Costeflo Show 530 4 
What It’s Worth 6X0 Brookside 630 Whta On 
7X0 Newwttfon Satth 730 Rargian Faws 
8.10 Ar YFlorod. News neacUms 5X0 Dinas 
8.10 YCJeowr 840 HB Street Blios 1035 
Frfm: Femme QitreChten « Loup CTS79J 1235 



mm 3 v: 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
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Ekkei tgurar and balalaika) 

2-30 AJiyad’ev: Rimsky- 
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d«S Hughes saves the 

Ireland blushes as 

~Sl Irish stumble on 

First pabtisbed in 1785 


. cruised lo a comfort- 
able 1-0 win over Republic of 
Ireland in a friendly match at 
Warsaw yesterday. Two play- 
ers making their debuts com- 
bined to score the only goal, 
which came three minutes 
before half time amid a low- 
key performance. 

The Polish forward 
Koniarek calmly beat Bonner 
m the Lrish goal from a precise 
cross sent by his midfield 
colleague Rudy. 

The second half was high- 
lighted by the performance of 
midfield player Tarasiewicz. 
who made a searing series of 
runs at the Irish goal, and 
almost added a second goal 
when a shot from 30 yards was 
badly-parried by Bonner, and 
almost crept in on the 

Hungary's hopes of 
progressing beyond the group 
rounds of the European 
Championship all but dis- 
appeared in Athens when they 
were beaten 2-1 by Greece 
yesterday. They are now bot- 
tom of group five, with no 
points from two matches. 

Greece, very much in 
charge early on, established a 
two-goal lead after 65 min- 
utes. Hungarian substitute 
Boda revived bis side's faint 
hopes with a goal 17 minutes 
from the end, but the borne 
side hung on to win. , 

The future now looks bleak 
for the East European side, 
who returned from the World 
Cup in disgrace following 
heavy defeats in the opening 
rounds in Mexico. Manager 
Imre Komora threatened to 
break up the team if it was 
disgraced in Athens, and the 
result could spell the end of 
several players' international 

The Hungarians failed to 
produce a shot on goal in the 
First half, and were kept in the 
match by a string of excellent 
saves by their goalkeeper, 
Szendrei. But slack defence 
allowed Mitropoulos to open 
the scori ng in the 38th minute, 
and another error 20 minutes 
into the second half gave 
Anastopoulos, playing in his 
55th international, the second 

Czechoslovakia and Den- 
mark remain locked at the top 
of group six following their 0-0 
draw in Bratislava. Almost 
50,000 spectators watched a 
game that rarely showed much 

The Danish defence were 
frequently troubled by the 
Czech attackers, who were too 
often over-elaborate in front 
of goal 

Danish strikers Elkjaer and 
Laudrup were constantly po- 
liced by a home defence well- 
marshalled by Levy, leaving 
the crowd's wail for goals in 
vain. The two teams top the 
group with three points each 
from two matches. Wales, the 
next team to face the Czechs, 
will be pleased to learn that 
Levy received his second 
championship booking, and 
will miss the group match in 

From Clive White 
Izmir, Turkey- 

Turkey 0 

Northern Ireland— 0 

Turkey, the team whomi 
England embarrassed to the 
tune of 13 goals in the last 
World Cup qualifying com- 
petition. were again allowed to 
recover their respectability by 
a disappointingly dull North- 
ern Ireland side. 

In a group of this European 
championship where either 
country's interest is purely 
academic it was to be hoped 
that the Irish could offer some 
encouraging pointer towards 
the future, particularly in 
terms of a greater attacking 

With Wilson, a prolific goal 
scorer for Brighton, making 
his international debut. 
Penney, his club team mate 
passed fit earlier in the day 
after suffering from tendonitis 
and Clarke hitting the net for 
Southampton with increasing 
regularity, hopes were high, 
fingers crossed But there was 
no adventure in Irish hearts 
nor confidence in their ability 
to piece together a game which 
might expose a defence that 
had conceded four to Yugo- 
slavia a fortnight ago when 
looking even inferior to the 
side which had capitulated 
against England 

Turkey made two changes 
but it might have been II 
judging by the effect they had 
upon Northern Ireland There 
were too many anonymous 
performances in attacking po- 
sitions in the Northern Ireland 
team; in defence they were 
their usual unsubmitting 
selves. Quinn and Campbell 
were both substituted in the 
last 16 minutes as Billy Bing- 
ham, the Northern Ireland 
manager, tried to jolt his 
players out of a uninspiring 
pattern. The absence of 
Whiteside. Stewart and 
Nicfaoli should hardly have 

devalued the Irish so severely. 

Goodness knows how well 
an Irish victory would have 
gone down with the home 
crowd who before the finish 
were flinging cardboard pieces 
on to the pitch in disgust at 
their own team's failure to 
take advantage of the opposi- 
tion. The decision beforehand 
of Cosfcun, the Turkish man- 
ager. lo resign was well timed 
in their eyes. 

Turkey have repeatedly 
caused Northern Ireland prob- 
lems down the years even 
though the Irish have lost only 
one of (heir seven meetings. 
Three years ago that single 
defeat cost them a highly 
merited presence in the Euro- 
pean championship finals in 
France. Here with little at 
stake apart from their pride 
they again stumbled their way 

Results, tables and more 
football on page 44 

The Turks attitude towards 
visiting teams seems to have 
mellowed since seven years 
ago when the players of Wales 
were pelted with tomatoes 
before play had even begun. 
Yesterday afternoon they re- 
stricted it to an audible assault 
upon Irish nerves in this 
70,000 capacity Ataturk Sta- 
dium. The crowd, though, was 
a disappointing one. con- 
gregating around the halfway 
line and up to the high 
perimeter like ants collecting 
in a sticky bowl. They were 
given plenty to whistle about 
in the opening minutes when a 
post and Hughes, the Irish 
goalkeeper came to Northern 
Ireland's aid in quick succes- 
sion. Savas cracked the shot 
against an upright and Tanju. 
following up. extracted a fine 
save from Hughes. 

In the next minute Metin 
clipped the ball over the bar 
from the sort of position that 
made you fear for the Irish. 

Turkey, then, were playing as 
though time was running out, 
sprinting for the ball at every 
throw-in and five kick. But the 
adrelanin gradually decreased 
whi le Northern Ireland recov- 
ered their senses — if not their 

In the first and final hall 
hour Turkey showed excellent 
pace when breaking from 
defence with Savas at the bub 
of the best of their creative 
movement Between these 
periods they became more 
predictable and the Irish con- 
tained them without great 
difficulty. But they came alive 
again as the game ebbed 
towards its inevitable state- 
mate. With nine minutes 
remaining Hughes was again 
required to save Irish blushes 
whea he produced a fine 
scrambling save to beat out a . 
fierce drive by SenoL 

TURKEY: FatBi: B bmai. KaCSr. K tonal. , 
Yusuf. Savas. Mean, Ugur. Send, Tanju 
(sub: OhranL Ruvan. 

NOfrmERN RELANO: P Hughs* (Buryfc 
M Oonaghy (Luron Town). J MeCWBamf 
(Watford). AMcOonaM (OPR), N 
Worthington (Sheffield Wednesday), D 
WBaon (Bfidnon). D McCrawy (New- 
castfe United). S Paste* (Brighton), O 
Campbell (Noongham rarest) (sub: a 
McNaly. Strowstwy Town), C Cteka ; 
(Southampton). J Quinn (BacWaum I 
Rovers) (sub: L Sanchez, WtanKsrtwi?, 
Referee D Pebescu (Romania). 

Swedish match 

Cecilia Dahl man, of Swe- 
den. is poised for a semi-final 
match against her compatriot, 
Elizabeth Ekblom, in the LTA 
women's indoor tournament 
at the Matchpoint Centre, 
BramhalL Miss Ekblom, aged 
28 and the top seed, put out 
the West German, Martina 
Pawiik, 64, 6-2 in the quarter- 
finals white Miss Dahlman. 
aged 18 and the runner-up at 
Queen's Club last week, dis- 
posed of Simone Schilder ; of 
the Netherlands. 6-4, 7-6. 
Carin Bakkura beat fellow 
Dutch player. Digna Ketclaar. 
6-3, 6-2 and will play Regina 
Rajchrtova, of Czecho- 
slovakia. for a place in 
Friday’s final. 

Soldier of fortune; Maasdorf battles to victory yesterday (Photograph; Hngh JRootledge) 

Mansdorf soldiers on after 
his equipment goes AWOL 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Scotland to Halifax consider 
tes * . survival plans 


new pitch 

Scotland is set to follow the 
example of some English foot- 
ball chibs by permitting the 
introduction of artificial all- 
weather pitches. Following a 
meeting of the 38 League dubs 
in Glasgow yesterday, Jim 
Farry, the Scottish League 
secretary, revealed that there 
is a willingness to experiment 
with the new synthetic surface 
for a trial period. 

Stirling' Albion, of the sec- 
ond division, have applied to 
lay an artificial pitch. “The 
general impression gained 
from the meeting is that the 
majority of the dobs may be 
willing to allow an experiment 
in Scotland," Farry said. 
“That viewpoint will now be 
relayed to the League manage-, 
meat committee 

Shareholders and creditors 
of the fourth division dub, 
Halifax Town, who owe 
£424,000, were told yesterday 
of two plans to ensure their 

The dub chairman, John 
Madeley, said that Calderdale 
Council, which owns the 
ground on which the dub has 
a 125-year lease, were consid- 
ering both schemes. 

He revealed that one 
London property group was 
offering £2.25 million to the 
council for the ground, which 
they would then develop as a 
shopping park - but that 
would mean the dub having 
to leave the ground where they 
have been in operation since 

If planning permission was 
approved, the dub and the 

council would share the £2.25 
million. Out of its share, the 
dub would pay off its debts 
and use the remainder to- 
wards operating on another 

The other scheme, put for- 
ward by another property 
developer, was to buy the lease 
from the council and pump £2 
million into turning the 
ground into a general sports 
complex with the club remain- 
ing there. The developer will 
also pay off the club’s debts. 

The club may ask the 
Football Association to ad- 
vance the kick-off time of 
Saturday’s FA Cup tie against 
Bolton because the Yorkshire 
Electricity Board — who are : 
owed £ 1 , 000 — have cut off the 
supply to the club's 


UlIj if 81 MM 


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Dave Watson, Everton's 
England defender, is expected 
play in a Central League 
match against Blackburn Re- 
serves at Goodison Park to- 
night. Watson has missed 
Everton’s last four games witn 

Cowans to 
be sued 

Brisbane (AP) — The Bris- 
bane cricket dub Western 
Suburbs is to sue Norman 
Cowans, the former England 
Test bowler, for breach of 
contract, according to the dub 
captain. John Bell. Cowans, a 
Middlesex player, was con- 
tracted to turn out for Western 
Suburbs for the Australian 
summer, but flew back to 
London on October 31 after 
just oae-and-a-balf games. 

He gave flood damage at his 
London flat as the reason for 
his hurried departure but 
when he arrived in London, 
daimed the only job he was 
offered in Australia was as a 
doorman. “We hope to get a 
judgment here and serve him 
with it in England," Bell said. 
The club was at least SA5.000 
(£ 2 . 200 ) out of pockeL he said. 

Garmisch bid 

Munich (AP) — The West 
German Alpine resort of Gar- 
misch-Partenkirchen, which 
staged the Winter Olympics in 
1936, is considering a bid for 
the 1 994 winter Games. It will 
be first occasion when the 
summer and winter Olympics 
are separated. 

Trial by video 

Roy Haggerty, the St Helens 
forward, faces a trial by video 
at the Rugby League disci- 
plinary committee meeting in 
Leeds today. Officials will 
watch a recording of events in 
the first division champion- 
ship match between St Helens 
and Salford on October 17. 

a hamstring injuiv- 
Aston Villa's £350,000 sign- 
ing from Aberdeen, Neale 
Cooper, may soon make his 
first division debut after com- 
ing through a reserve game at 
Coventry last night. 

An Israeli army sergeant 
playing in borrowed shoes 
beat the second seed. Henri 
Leconte, by 6-2, 6-7, 6-3 in the 
Benson and Hedges Champ- 
ionships at Wembley yes- 
terday. Amos Mansdorf, aged 
21 . had to make do with shoes 
from the ball boys* stock 
because his own — plus two 
rackets - had been stolen. 

Dick Savin, the 1951 
Wimbledon champion, regu- 
larly visits Israel to supervise 
coaching and he has been 
helping Mansdorf since 
today's soldier of the courts 
was 13. In the past three years, 
he has often sat in an army 
office reading tournament re- 
sults instead of playing. But 
the army have given him a lot 
of time off, and, at Wembley, 
his game was sharpened by 
three matches in the qualify- 
ing competition. 

This is the first lime 
Mansdorf has beaten a player 
ranked in the top ten. He 
played well, often very welL 
But it did not make sense that 
be should beat a man who 
reached the French and 
Wimbledon semi-finals, the 
United States quarter-finals, 
and played a superb match 
with Stefan Edberg in Stock- 
holm last Saturday. 

The match illustrated a 
point made here a week ago: 
that, by this time of year, the 
better players are jaded (or 
injured) because they have 
been playing and winning so 
often, whereas less successful 
players remain fit and eager. 

Leconte, for example, con- 
fesses that the prospect of a 
few days’ rest looms larger 
than tournament competition 
in his present list of priorities. 

Leconte is a special case, 
anyway. Earlier this year, he 
was laid low for almost four 
months with mononucleosis 
and hepatitis. But the rules of 
the grand prix insist that 
players compete in a fixed 
number of tournaments. Le- 
conte has to keep going on 
court to make up for lost time. 
Apply that principle to your 
own job and you may agree 
that Leconte has a reasonable 


FIRST ROUMfc S Zhrapnovc (Vug) M J 
Gunnarsson (Swe). 7-5, 5-A O Raw (US! 
M C Stow (SAL 6-1, 8-2; J Kriok (US) M S 
Dams (US). *£. 6-3. 6-2; A Mansdorf (to) 
to H UfconJB (fit 6^. fr-7. sa. 

SECOND ROUND: K Curren (US) iff P 
LuxJqren (Swat 7-5, 3-6. 6-3: Y Noaft (Fr) 
bi M DePalmer (US). 6-2. 7-6. 

in suggesting that the rules 
should be applied more flex- 
ibly to players who have been 
ill or injured. 

It must be added that the 
players' “union”, the Associ- 
ation of Tennis Professionals, 
are partly to blame for today's 
system. The 1973 Wimbledon 
boycott arose from a sound 
ATP principle that players 
should be free to play when, 
and where, they choose as long 
as they honoured their 
commitments. The ATP have 
since found it expedient to 
compromise that principle by 
accepting a fixed number of 

“designated" tournaments ev- 
ery year. 

David Pale, who reached 
the semi-finals last year, is 
again in the last eight Pate 
comes from Las Vegas and. 
like most residents of Los 
Vegas, has learned to respect 
the odds. He is a brisk and 
neat player, a professional's 
professional who tries nothing 
fancy bul does everything 
right Yesterday, be finished 
off Christo Steyn with two 
'aces. Johan Kriek, playing his 
first tournament since the US 
championships, beat Scott 
Davis to reach the quarter- 
finals for the second consec- 
utive year. 

The first result of the day 
was that of a doubles match 
begun the previous evening. 
Sherwood Stewart and Kim 
Warwick, respectively aged 40 
and 34, came back from 3-5 
down in the third set to beat 
Jakob Hlasek and Leonardo; 
Lavalle 6-3, 6-7. 10-8 in a 
match that lasted two hours 
and 12 minutes and ended at 
1.34 am. That was a late 
working shift for such elderly 

There was another good win 
in the doubles when two 
Australians, Brod Dyke and 
Wally Masur. beat Andres 
Gomez and Tomas Smid 7-6, 
3-6, 9-7. Gomez and Smid 
have both won grand slam 
tournaments this year with 
other partners, and they were 
seeded second at Wembley. 
Dyke and Masur are a more 
familiar team and tend to be 
hard to beat 

' $P O RT IN B R IE 

New chairman 

The British Ski Federation 
have appointed Tom Fitz- 
patrick, the managing director 
of LSI Computers, to be their 
new chairman. He takes over 
from Alan Bradshaw, who is 
becoming increasingly in- 
volved in his mountaineering 
responsibilities at Plas-y- 
Brenyn. Aubrey Fielder has 
also resigned as secretary gen- 
eral of the Ski Federation. He 
is to become involved in an 
outward-bound centre in 

Wilson out 

Runcorn Highfiekl have 
sacked their coach, Frank 
Wilson, despite the dub lying 
in fifth place the the second 
division of the Stones Bitter 
Rugby League championship. 
Wilson, appointed during the 
summer, was voted the di- 
visional coach of the month in 

Early plans 

Worcestershire, the 
favourites to sign Ian Botham, 
revealed last night they al- 
ready have a major sponsor 
lined up to offset the cost of 
employing the England all- 
rounder, should they win the 
race to secure his services. 

Jones for sale 

Swinioa have transfer-listed 
winger Ken Jones, the former 
England Rugby Union colts 
captain, at a fee of £ 10 . 000 . 
Jones, aged 24, joined S win- 
ton from Leigh RUFC six- 
years ago. 


Goodyear to withdraw 
from Formula One 

By John Blimsden 

Cowans: doorman's job 

Victory costs 

Cape Town (Reuter) — Kim 
Hughes, the Australian rebel 
cricket _ captain awarded 
substantial costs in his legal 
battle to be allowed to play at 
dub level in Australia, said he 
was pleased for himself but 
sad the money could not have 
been used to develop the 

Curry chance 

Tony McKenzie, the British 
light-welterweight champion 
from Leicester, feces a for- 
midable test in the American 
Bruce Cuny at the Latehmere 
Leisure Centre, London, on 
November 29. Curry, a former 
world champion, is the 
brother of Don Curry and 
victory for McKenzie would 
greatly enhance his chances of 
a crack at the European crown. 

Grand Pnx racing is the 
latest casualty in the battle by 
Goodyear to fight off the 
takeover bid led by Sir James 
Goldsmith. Yesterday the 
company, which was expected 
to be the only tyre supplier in 
Formula One next year 
following the withdrawal of 
Pirelli, announced it was ter- 
minating its direct financial 
support of Grand Prix racing 
as part of its “corporate 
restructuring programme to 
enhance shareholder value”. 

The company has already 
announced it is disposing of 
its aerospace, wheel manufac- 
turing and Celeron energy 
companies in order to raise 
funds with which to buy back 
its own shares, and on Tues- 
day it revealed that its Euro- 
pean airship division was also 
to be dosed down. Goodyear’s 
racing tyre manufacturing 
base is in Akron, Ohio, but the 
radng services organization 
has its headquarters in 
Wolverhampton, where 
redundancies are inevitable. 

The company has already 
informed both FISA, the 
governing body of the sport, 
and FOCA, the constructors' 
| association, of its decision, 
! and the only glimmer of hope 
for Formula One teams is that 
Goodyear has indicated to 
both bodies that it is willing to 
negotiate to manufacture and 
sell a standard specification 
tyre for use in 1987. This 
would suggest that the sport 

would have to pay for the 
facility, also for the essential 
servicing which would be 
needed to back up the tyre 

This would be a complete 
reversal of the situation in the 
past where Goodyear (and 
other tyre suppliers) have 
made a major financial 
contribution to be part of the 
Formula One scene, including 
regular payments to leading 
teams which take part in tyre 
tests. Goodyear has never 
divulged the extent of its 
investment in Formula One, 
but as it has been servicing the 
needs of the majority of 
teams, it is difficult to imagine 
how this could have been 
achieved at a cost of less than 
$5-20 million per season. 

Goodyear’s involvement in 
Grand Prix raring dales back 
to the early 60s, and during 
this period they have supplied 
the tyres for the world cham- 
pion driver on 14 occasions, 
including the season just 

It remains to be seen 
whether the Goodyear 
announcement causes a re- 
think by Pirelli, or perhaps; 
encourages Michetin to make , 
a Formula One comeback 
earlier than they might other - 1 
wise have contemplated. The j 
other possibility, of course, is 
Japan's entry into the Grand 
Pnx scene — something which 
has been on the cards for some 

wake up 
at last 

Real Madrid may ban . 1 ar- 
rived in the European Cur 
quarter-finals by virtue of ihe 
fail arcs of Jnventus from the 
penalty spot but there is a 
growing confidence witisia the 
Spanish champions' 
that this may be the year in 
which they rekindle their for- 
mer glories. 

The six-times winners o. tae 
premier trophy of European 
dub football last appeared in a 
Champions* Cap final in 
when they lost 1-0 lo Liverpool 
in Paris in a final test 
remembered by one critic's 
description or the play_ as 
“■chloroform football.” Now. 
however, with a team fall of 
pace, strength, vision and 
experience, they are hopfrq tc 
match the magical traditions 
of a heritage left by Di 
Stefano, Gen to and Puskas. 

“We have been haunted by 
their names and the ureal 
teams of the past,” said 
Juanita, their veteran winger 
and a key member of the 1931 
team, who now, at the age of 
31, has become a tactical 
substitute and expert penalty- 
taker. u But 1 think this team 
can emulate the old ones if we 
have luck on our side. The old 
team played in a different era 
but this one has the same 
commitment to attack and the 
same flair and raorriduali^ 
inside a team framework. 

“it is certainly the best Real 
Madrid team I have played 
with in my career. The players 
are young but experienced and 
they have everything to play 

Jsanito revealed his 
continuing value to Madrid by- 
stroking home the fourth Ma- 
drid penalty in the Stadlo 
Commnnaleas Javcntus suf- 
fered a nightmare defeat in 
front of their own fans. A few 
moments earlier, Madrid's 
other eider statesman, the 
Argentine World Cup-winning 
forward Jorge Valdano, had 
placed an impeccable low spot- 
kick past Stefano Tacconi to 
put the Spanish champions 2- 
1 ahead on penalties. 

Team capable of 
great success 

Valdano, an intellectual fig- 
ure and something of a loner 
among the noisy entourage 
which swept in and out of 
Turin, felt sympathy for 
Jnrenlus in defeat but agreed 
with Jsanito that Real Madrid 
were a team capable of great 

**The coach, Leo 
Beenhakker, has given us the 
confidence to attack power- 
fully as a unit and to express 
ourselves more. It means the 
younger players can run and 
ran and we older ones can use 
our beads,” Valdano said. 
“For example, players like 
Emilio Butragueno. Hugo 
Sanchez and Rafael GordiJlo 
can make attacks without 
worrying too much. There are 
experienced defenders behind 
them and good players in Jose 
Camacho and Ricardo Gallego 
who can keep everything 

Valdano, born in Santa Fe, 
Argentina, is a tall and ath- 
letic figure dubbed the 
“philosopher” by his fans and 
friends in Madrid because of 
his intelligent and articulate 
approach to the game and a 
liking for literature. On the 
pitch, be uses his height to 
great advantage with astute 
fiicbs and dangerous attempts 
on goal from dead hall 

His controlled style of run- 
ning and intelligent use of the 
ball perfectly complements the 
darting individual skills of the 
Mexican international, San- 
chez, and Botragnena who 
both possess the ability to beat 
defenders at will with the ball. 
Bat, Gke Jnanito, he rec- 
ognizes that Madrid’s 
strength lies in midfield where 
Michel, Gallego and Gordillo. 
frequently supplemented by 
the abrasive skills of specialist 
marker Chendo, combine pace 
and experience with tech- 
niques so refined that even the 
great Michel Platini was 
forced to hustle in search of 
possession when Madrid took 

‘We can match 
and beat the best’ 

Valdano said: “I am enjoy- 
ing myself more than at any 
time in my career. It has been 
a great year and shonld lead to 
the final — at least we hope so. 
We believed that it was a 
terrible thing to meet Jnventiis 
in only the second round. It 
should have been a final or a 
semi-final — but we knew it 
was the most important match 
of the season too and we had to 

“I think it wffl be a turning 
point We hare proved Madrid 
are able to match and beat the 
best and the biggest and now 
we mast go on from there.” 

Few would argne with 
Valdano's assessment Ma- 
drid have brought together one 
of Europe's oustanding deb 
teams and one worthy of 
; following in such famous 
I tontsteus.