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No 62,617 



CIA chief to 
face hearings 
on Iran arms 

Mr William Casey, the 
director of ihe Central Intelli- 
gence Agency, will testify be- 
fore the Senate intelli g e nce 
committee this week about 
President Reagan's secret 
arms supplies to Iran. 

Republican and Demo- 
cratic leaders continued to 
assail the operation yesterday 
as a foreign policy blunder 
that has seriously damage 
White House credibility. 

Admiral John Poindexter, 
the President’s National Sec-' 
urity Adviser, who directed 
the operation, said last night 
that arms supplied to Iran by 
the US went specifically to 
“moderate elements” to help 
them to develop and exercise 
more influence within Tran 
. He strongly denied that the 
aim was to bring down the 
regime of Ayatollah 

“The fact remains that the 
moderate dements we were 
talking to did have some 
impact on stopping hostage- 
taking in Lebanon for about a 
year” he insisted in a tele- 
vision interview. He said arms 
supplied to Iran amounted to 
a full load of a cargo plane. 

Mr Casey is expected to 
testify- on Friday. Admiral 
PoiDdexter said that the Na- 
tional Security Adviser bad 
never been required to testify 


Whither the 
glory game? 

on Capitol HiU and that he 
would probably not do so 

Several congressmen are 
now moving to change the 
rules to allow Congress to 
summon the National Sec- 
urity Adviser in future. 

Admiral Poindexter raid he 
would talk info rmall y with 
congressmen. “We do not 
want publicly to get into 
details of the shipments be- 

Land-Rover l ink 2 

Cmn storm 9 

cause that provides informa- 
tion to factions within Iran to 
identify who was dealing with 
us,” he said. 

Mr Poindexter, who seldom 
talks on the record to journal- 
ists, said he would not confirm 
or deny that the US was 
involved in any other simitar 
operations, but said: “There 
are none:” 

He maintained that the 
supply of arms to Iran showed 
moderate elements there that 
they were dealing with the US 
Government “and that we had 
not only our interests in mind 
but also Iranian interests in 
terms of . stopping the war 
(with Iraq).” 

Asked which moderates the 
US contacted, he said he did 
not want to identify names. 
He said that Mr Casey would 
withhold “a large proportion 
of the details to protect 
individuals” when he appears 
before die committee. 

Mr Robert McFariane, the 
former National Security Ad- 
viser who went on a secret 
missi on to Iran at the 
President’s behest, cast doubt 
on whether any “moderate 
elements” existed in influen- 
tial positions in Iran. He said 
those with whom he had 
spoken in Iran were now in 
danger of being hanged. 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary- of 'State, said he was 
staunchly opposed to the 
whole operation, although he 

Asked if he had considered 
resigning he said: *T talked to 
the President Anything I have 
to say on th«» subject 1 would 
just ay to him ” 

Asked if there would be 
further arms supplies to Iran 
he replied: “As far as I*m 
concerned, no.” 

The Joint Chiefs of Siaff 
were not informed about the 
operation and Admiral Wil- 
liam Crowe, chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs, is said to be 
“astonished” that he was kept 
in the dark. 

The White House has em- 
barked on an intensive propa- 
ganda effort to defend the 
competence of its key advis- 
ers. Admiral Poindexter and 
Mr Donald Regan, the White 
House Chief of Staff gave 
several interviews during the 
weekend to fend off criticism. 

The apparent failure to 
inform the Joint Chiefs was in 
line with the pattern of intense 
secrecy surrounding the affair. 
Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
Defence Secretary, knew some 
details of the operation al- 
though he disagreed with it 
Admiral Crowe is said to have 
ordered an internal inquiry to 
find out if any of his senior 
officers knew. 

,-iTv. * 

v -- 

i *■' •***•• 

Mr Casey: Will testify to 
senators this week 

The game Britain 
taught the world is 
in crisis — in Britain. 
Football is under 
attack, from the 
Government, the 
terraces, the public 
and educationalists 
opposed to sports 
competition among 
the young. What has 
gone wrong? And 
what must be done? 
David Miller asks 
the questions and 
suggests some of 
the answers in 
a major series 

• Three readers 
shared The Times 
Portfolio Gold daily 
competition prize on 
Saturday which had 
risen to £16,000 
because there were 
no winners on three 
previous days. 

• The weekly prize 

of £8,000 was shared by 
two readers. Details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
24; how to play, 
information service, 
page 20. 


Pound booster 

Oil prices which went above 
$15 a barrel last week could 
spell good news for the pound 
following Opec’s decision to 
return to the fixed pneed 
system i * a S c 21 

“We have a policy of not 
sending arms, and the Presi- 
dent derided he would go 
ahead and send this signaL 
That’s a derision he made . . . 
you can argue for it and you 
can argue against it” 




Washington (AP) — - US 
Government officials have de- 
nounced the guilty verdict and 
30-year sentence imposed by 
Nicaragua on the American 
mercenary Eugene Hasenfus 
as a predictable, propaganda 

The State Department’s 
spokesman, Mr Pete Marti- 
nez, said: “The Nicaraguan 
Government orchestrated a 
show trial to- convict Mr 
Hasenfus with a maximum of 

“Given the notorious rec- 
ord of the (Nicaraguan) 
People’s Tribunal in convict- 
ing. without any semblance of 
due process, virtually every 
individual called before it, Mr 
Hasenfus’ conviction comes 
as Hale surprise.” 

Mr Donald Mathes, the 
White House spokesman, 
said: “We’re not surprised. 
The outcome was de ri ded 
before the trial even started. It 
served no purpose other than 
to make propaganda.” 

A three-member People’s 
Tribunal convicted Hasenfos 
of crimes against the state and 
y ntenottf him to the maxi- 
mum 30 years in prison. He 
was captured last month when 
the plane on which he was the 
cargo handler was shot down 
30-year sentence, page 10 

Mr Poindexter Weapons 
“went to moderates ' . 

new labour 
law poser 

From Christopher Walker 

The delicate question of just 
how much private enterprise 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, is prepared to 
permit in the reformed Rus- 
; sian economy and the meth- 
i ods by which it will be 
regulated will be key issues 
! during the biannual session of 
the Supreme Soviet opening 
here today. 

Tass announced last night 
that in addition to endorsing 
the national budget for 1987, | 
deputies from the Soviet 
Union’s IS constituent repub- 
lics will also be considering 
“the draft law on individual 

The new legislation, dealing 
with ckastnik, a dass of soviet 
workers, is designed to clarify 
which parts of the thriving 
private market — which owes 
its existence to the chronic 
shortages and the poor quality 
of the state sector — win move 
into the sphere of legal activ- 
ities, and what benefits its 
members will receive from the 

Official sources say the new 
law has already been discussed 
at a preparatory session of the 
Supreme Soviet, the Soviet 
parliament regarded in the 
West as a rubber-stamp body. 


BP cash 
to fight 

From Michael Hornsby 

British Petroleum Southern 
Africa (BPSA), the largest 
single British investor in 
South Africa, has called for 
apartheid to be abolished, and 
said it is prepared to contrib- 
ute to a multi-million-pound 
plan to help to bring this 

_ The proposal comes at a 
time when two leading Ameri- 
can multi-nationals. IBM and 
Genera] Motors, have an- 
nounced that they are with- 
drawing from South Africa, 
and selling their operations 
here to local managements. 
Other key US companies are 
expected to follow suit 

BPSA says that in addition 
to cash, it is prepared to make 
its know-how, organizational 
skills and research facilities 

Johannesburg — Sooth Af- 
rican, Soviet and Mozambican 
officials have agreed that the 
flight data in the “black 
boxes” of the Tupolev aircraft 
in which President Machel of 
Mozambique was killed will 
be decoded in Moscow. 

available for projects designed 
to break down apartheid bar- 
riers. The projects would be 
handled and financed by 
BPSA with other as yet un- 
named organizations and 

Company sources said at 
the weekend that a figure of 
100 million rands (about £30 
million) was the “initial cost 
guide” for two specific 
schemes which BPSA has in 

About half of this money 
would be used to provide 
bridging finance to state 
schools which want to go 
private — thereby losing their 
government subsidy — so as to 
be able to admit pupils of aJJ 

The second plan proposed 
by BPSA is to rebuild District 
Six in Cape Town as a residen- 
tial area open to all races. The 
company says it is prepared, 
in co-operation with other 
parties, to so up a noo-profii- 
making corporation for tins 

District Six, once a thriving 
Coloured (mixed-race) resid- 
ential area on the lower slopes 
of Table Mountain, was de- 
clared a white area in 1 966. Its 
50,000 or so inhabitants were 
forcibly re-settled on the 
sandy Cape Flats 20 miles 
south-east of the city, and its 
houses were demolished. 

The destruction of District 
Six, which remains a waste- 
land to this day, was a cause of 
great bitterness among 
Coloureds, many of whom 
still remember that President 
P.W. Botha, as a junior min- 
ister under the late Dr Ver- 
woerd. was the man directly 
responsible for carrying out 
the large re-settlement 

The rebuilding of District 
Six as an open residential area 
would not be possible without 
Government approval. 

BPSA’s two proposals are 
set out in the company’s latest 
“Social Report.” released in 
Cape Town on Friday. 

’>• j 

fc.Vis rS 


. P®?' 1 

Going home: The Queen Mother leaving the King Edward 
VIPs Hospital for Officers yesterday. 

Queen Mother to rest 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother returned to her home. 
Clarence House, yesterday af- 
ter five days’ hospital treat- 
ment for a leg injury'. 

She wore a light bandage on 
her right leg. where an injury 
sustained in Scotland had 
been slow to beal, but she 
looked fit 

A spokesman said the 

Queen Mother, who was 86 in 
August, had made a full 
recovery bm would spend the 
week resting at Clarence 
House. She will resume her 
busy schedule next Monday 
when she attends the Royal 
Variety Performance at Drury 

She has cancelled two. 
engagements for this week. 

Thatcher talks fall 
to bridge chasm 

By Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent 

A fundamental difference of 
approach to arms control 
between the US and Western 
Europe remained unresolved 
yesterday as the Prime Min- 
ister returned from her Camp 
David meeting with President 

The chasm between Eu- 
rope’s cautious step-by-step 
view of nuclear disarmament 
and Washington’s grand vi- 
sion was not bridged during 
the talks. 

The European allies, who 
are to be briefed through 
diplomatic channels, will be 
quick to spot the main omis- 
sion in a joint communique 
issued by Mrs Thatcher and 
President Reagan. 

It contained no accord on 

the main issue: the US pro- 
posal to eliminate ali ballistic 
nuclear missiles over ten 

Mrs Thatcher is certain to 
receive warm approval from 

Reagan pledge 9 

Leading article 17 

President Mitterrand of 
France for her refusal to 
concede this principal when 
they meet in Paris on Friday. 

Angfo-Frencft opposition to 
this plan does not stem solely 
from reluctance to abandon 
Trident and France’s “force de 

Britain. France, West Ger- 
many and other European 
allies believe ten years is a 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

Baker set for Cabinet battle 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of Slate for Educa- 
tion, was considering yes- 
terday his response to the deal 
reached by four of the six 
teaching unions with local 
authorities on Saturday . 

But a source dose to Mr 
Baker revealed that the new 
deal, in particular its pro- 
posals on pay structure, could 
experience considerable diffi- 
culty in winning Cabinet 

The local authorities' offer 
is worth 16.4 per cent over 1 5 
months — the same increase 
and total cost of the Govern- 
ment's proposals. 

Mr raker is understood to 
have secured agreement for 
the £608 million funding from 
his Cabinet colleagues on the 

condition that be reforms the 
teachers' career structure. 

This would mean using 
much of the cash for extra 
promotion allowances for tal- 
ented and diligent staff and 
also for teachers of shortage 

The employers’ offer, how- 
ever. remains basically as 

Peace deal 2 

bottom-heavy as the pro- 
visional deal agreed with five 
of the six unions in July. 

Under the new agreement 
(be vast majority of funds is 
channelled towards improv- 
ing the lot of the lowest paid 
teachers and increasing the 
salary levels on the basic main 
professional grade. 

Abortion urged for Aids mothers 

r times.; 

Noah prevails 

Yannick Noah took five sett 
to defeat the capable Swedish 
player, Jonas Sveosson, in the 
final of the Benson and 
Hedges tennis tournament at 
Wembley Page 34 

Hook News 2*7 
Overseas 9-12 
Appts 18,25 
Arts 13 

marriages 19 
Basiots 21-25 
Court 18 
Crosswords 14,20 

Diary 16 

Features 14-16 

La« Report 25 
Leaders H 
Letters 17 
Ofaitsary 18 

Science 18 

Sport 2W2J4 
Theatm^tc K 
TV & Radio 33 
LinivosincS 1* 
Weather 20 
Wills 18 

* ** * * #SL 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Pregnant women who have 
.the Aids virus should be 
offered abortions because of 
the risks of the disease to both 
mother, and child, according 
to a specialist 
Women who are at higher 
risk of being infected should 
be offered Wood tests, and 
those who are positive given 
advice on a termination. Dr 
Patrick Forties says in the 
British Journal of Hospital 
Medicine. ..... 

Two babies, both girls, have 
developed Aids in Britain 
afier contracting the infection 
during pregnancy. Increasing 
numbers of similar cases are 
being documented in Africa, 
the United States and other 
European countries. • 

About 300 infants in Amer- 
ica have developed the dis- 
ease, and experts predict there 
will be 3,000 or more 
paediatric cases by 1991. 

In France. 16 babies have 
been born with Aids, and the 
French Society of Perinatal 
Medicine has warned that 
Aids could be the most com- 
mon infectious disease among 
new-born children next year. 

The number of women 
infected with the Aids virus in 
Britain is unknown, but is 
likely to amount to some 

Those most at ride indude 
intravenous drug abusers, and 
the sexual partners of drug 
addicts, bisexual men or 
haemophiliacs. A total of IS 
women have contracted the 

Maternity units in many 
parts of Britain are likely to 
encounter women infected 
with the virus, according to Dr 
Forbes, an honorary lecturer 

Fowler’s call 2 

Spectrum 14 

Letters 17 

in obstetrics and gynaecology 
at S: Mary’s Hospital Medical 
School, London. He is also a 
squadron leader and senior 
specialist in the Royal Air 

“The seropositive woman 
should be told that there is a 
two in three chance of the 
child being infected, and pos- 
sibly a 50-50 chance of an 
infected child dying”. Dr 
Forbes said. 

There is some evidence that 

women earners are more 
likely to develop Aids as a 
result of pregnancy. 

Counselling of women at 
risk poses particular prob- 
lems. according to Dr Forbes. 
Some women may refuse to 
take a blood test, and if so. 
their wishes must be res- 

“If a woman is aware she is 
seropositive, this can have 
greai psychological effects, if 
her seropositivity becomes 
known to others.' she can lose 
friends, her job. and even her 

“She would be unable to 
obtain insurance, a mortgage 
and even a job without mak- 
ing false and therefore illegal 
declarations. Thus many 
women might not want to 
know their antibody status.” 

If Mr Baker feels inclined to 
compromise and accept large 
pans of the deal reached at 
Acas headquarters on Sat- 
urday. he will probably have a 
political battle to convert 
some of his Cabinet colleagues 
round to his way of thinking. 

It is expected that Mr Giles 
Radice. Labours shadow 
education spokesman, will 
press Mr Baker for a statement 
on the deal in the Commons 
this afternoon. 

Any official indication, 
however, as to whether the 
accord is acceptable is not 
anticipated until later in the 

One of the tasks for the 
Secretary of State will be to 
calculate the extra cost im- 

CoB&nted on page 20, col 6 

Theatrical . 
world suffers 
double loss 

Mr Michael Croft, founder 
and director of the National 
Youth Theatre, died late on 
Saturday night of a heart 
attack, the third which he had 
suffered. He was aged 64. 

On Sunday the Irish actress 
Siubhan McKenna, who was 
63. died of cardiac arrest after 
surgery in Dublin. 

Siobhan McKenna, the 
daughter of a mathematics 
professor, had her fust stage 
appearances in Irish transla- 
tions of Moliere. O'Neill, 
O'Casey. Shaw and Shake- 
speare. She went on to become 
an international star with one 
of the most admired voices 
and presences in her 

Obftnarv. Dane 18 

m JT 


By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

Mr John Pauen, the Hous- 
ing Minister, will today 
announce the setting up of 50 
new centres in high streets all 
over Britain designed to en- 
sure that householders get 
value for money for up to £9 
billion spent each year on 
home improvements and 

Ministers are alarmed that a 
considerable proportion of 
that sum is wasted on cowboy 

In particular they believe 
that many old people are being 
cheated into having work 
done which is not required or 
into paying for shoddy 

The Department of the 
Environment will launch the 
scheme today in conjunclioin 
with the National Home 
Improvement Council, which 
is backed by the building 
industry, and with the housing 
association movement, repre- 
sented by the Anchor Housing 
Trust and Care and Repair. 

In the first experiment of its 
kind in Europe, the Govern- 
ment is providing an initial £6 
million for the scheme. 

the expertise will be pro- 
vided by the NHIC. which has 

In addition the centres will 
help them with supervision of 
the work and checking that it 
is correctly carried out. 

The setting up of the new 
centres will serve several pur- 
poses for the Government: 

9 They will improve the stan- 
dards of building and repair 

• They will help to conserve 
the housing stock. Ministers 
have been worried ihal loo 
much money goes into un- 
necessary kitchen units and 
fancy front doors when basics 
like roofs and damp courses 
are neglected. 

9 They will encourage old 
people to stay in their own 
homes for longer rather than 
move into residential care. 

0 They will ensure better 
value for the £400 million a 
year spent on home improve- 
ment grants, paid through 
local authorities which do 
linle checking on how eff- 
ectively the money is 
spentSincc the Conservative 
Government came to power 
£3 billion has been spent on 
such grants. 

O They will have the bene- 
ficial side effect of tempting 
small builders out of the black 

operated four pilot schemes in economy, as the new centres 
Oldham, Sheffield. Bedfords' will only recommend ihe 

and Gloucester, and by the 
housing associations. 

The idea is to provide “one- 
stop shops” in high street 
locations. Householders*' will 
be able to go there for advice 
on what work needs doing in 
their homes, which local com- 
panies can be trusted, whether 
they qualify for home 
improvement grants, and how 
they can obtain loans or raise 
money to pay for repairs. 

employment of legitimate 

Mr Patten is expected tc 
announce the launch of the 
new centres in a speech / in 
Lewisham, south London, 

The initial emphasis will be 
on the inner cities. Among the 
first localities scheduled are 
Rochdale. Tameside, Brad- 
ford and High Peak. 

Credit laws, page 5 

US insider I Crisis for 

quits as 
trust chief 

Mr Ivan Boesky. the Ameri- 
can who was fined a record 
$100 million for insider trad- 
ing offences in the United 
States, has resigned as a 
director and chairman of 
Cambrian & General Securi- 
ties, the British investment 
trust His shares in Cambrian, 
worth some £32 million, have 
been placed in escrow by a 
New York court. 

Meanwhile, the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
announced yesterday the 
appointment of two inspectors 
to investigate the alleged in- 
sider trading activities of Mr 
Geoffrey Collier, the mer- 
chant banker who was forced 
to resign from Morgan Gren- 
fell over improper share- 

The inspectors are Mr Peter 
Scott QC and Mr Graham 
Kennedy, a member of the 
Council of the Stock 

Boesky resigns, page 21 

EEC over 

From Richard Owen 

Mr Frans Ar.driessen. the 
EEC Agriculture Commis- 
sioner. has warned EEC farm 
and finance ministers meeting 
for critical talks in Brussels 
today to “get a grip” on the 
problem of EEC foojl sur- 
pluses before the crisis gets out 
of hand. 

In an interview with The 
Times. Mr Andriesren called 
on ministers of the Twelve to 
take decisions from an overall 
EEC point of view, with the 
runaway dairy surpluses as the 
most urgent priority. 

“We shall have to lake 
comprehensive measures on 
the common agricultural pol- 
icy at the end of this year and 
for the new' campaign on farm 
prices next spring.” he said. 

The Commission will put 
forward detailed reform mea- 
sures “by the end of the year” 
Ministers warned, page 10 

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Hussey dismisses 
Tebbit dossier 

Mr Norman Tebbit, the Conservative Party chairman, 
made no response yesterday to the rapid rejection by the 
sew BBC chairman, Mr Marmadnke Hussey, of his call for 
an independent arbiter to settle the Conservative Party’s 
quarrel over the corporation's reporting of the US bombing 
of Libya. 

There was some embarrassment ia government circles 
that Mr Hussey had thrown back the ch all e ng e to Mr 
Tebbit to go to the Home Secretary if he did not like the 

BBC's response. Mr Douglas Hind has been careful to dis- 
tance himself from Mr Tebbit's campaign and sees tittle to 
be gained by it. 

Mr Tebbit's latest salvo in the long-rnnningengagem^t 
came in a letter to Mr Hussey sent on Friday night and of- 
. fidally released on Saturday. He said that die BBC's claim 
that its response to his original dossier of complaints was 
. effective or even devastating was “wholly unsupported" 

Rebuke over Aids 

Party politics has no place to the fight against the 
' disease Aids, Mr Norman Fowler. Secretary of States for 
Social Services, said yesterday. His remarks woe an 
■ implied rebuke for Mr Michael Meacher, Labour’s health 
spokesman, who criticized ministers for pinning then- 
hopes mi a £10 million programme of public educationand 
said that up to £100 million shoald be spent on research. 

“There are some issues that should transcend party 
politics and the deadly threat of Aids is an issue on which 
the nation shoald unite," Mr Fowler said. “It's what we aB 
- do as individuals that will determine the outcome," be told 
the animal conference of Conservative Trade Unionists in 

Boiler Base vote 

kills two by CND 

Two men were thought to 
have died when a 3300-ton 
boiler collapsed on them at 
the disused Thornhill Lees 
power station near Dews- 
bury, West Yorkshire, 

Six demolition men were 
working there. The other 
four jumped dear of the 
twisted steel structure. 

Emergency services wor- 
ked for more than two 
boors before they were able 
to free the bod; of one 
worker. The second man 
was stiD missing last night 
and police said they be- 
lieved he was dead. 

The Campaign for Nuc- 
lear Disarmament is to step 
up action against US bases 
with demonstrations in 
towns and'dties calling for 
American withdrawal from 

Its annual conference to 
Blackpool claimed yes- 
terday there was “public 
revulsion" over the Ameri- 
can raid on Libya launched 
from bases to Britain. 
Delegates also decided to 
increase campaigning for 
Britain's withdrawal from 
Nato and overwhelmingly 
to use “positive aspects" of 
Soviet arms proposals. 

MI5 ‘helped authors’ 

The Government is nortencerned that books published 
about MIS, apparently with die help of its former 
members, wfll compromise its case to the Australian courts 
over the memoirs of Mr Peter Wright. 

Sir Robert Armstrong, die Cabinet Secretary, who is in 
Sydney to appear as the chief witness in the case which 
opens today over the book by Mr Wright a forma- senior 
MIS officer, last night dismissed the reports. Mr Nigel 
West the author whose real name is Rupert Allason, told 
The Sunday Tones that be had received documentary help. 

New twist, page 10 

pom plea 

The Prime Minis ter is 
supporting Mrs Mary 
Whitehoase (right) who is 
seeking an MOP to introduce 
a Bill tightening pornog- 
raphy production and im- 
portation controls and to 
extend die obscenity laws 
to cover broadcasting. 

The ballot for. private 
members’ Bills for die new 
session of Parliament is on 
Thursday and if an MP 
takes up the issue with the 
backing of Mrs White- 
house, Mrs Thatcher is 
expected to press the Home 
Office to help draft any 

Iran cleared to buy army Land Rovers 

By David Sapsted 

The Government is un- 
likely to Nock a proposed sale 
of Land Rovers to Iran even if 
they are destined for military 
service, sources in Whitehall 
indicated yesterday. 

Though guidelines have 
been laid down by the Foreign 
Office on the sale of military 
equipment to the protagonists 
in the Iran -Iraq war, it is 
considered unlikely that Land 
Rover's attempts to win a £27 
million order from Ayatollah 
Khomeini's regime would 
breach them. 

Should the deal be clinched, 
however, the Foreign Office 
and the Ministry of Defence 
would vet the details before 

any granting of an export 
licence by the Department of 
Trade and Industry. 

The Government is deter- 
mined to remain neutral in the 
Gulf war but has also stead- 
fastly refused to impose any 
sort of arms embargo, or any 
trade embargo, on the two 

Instead, guidelines for the 
supply of military equipment 
have been ' drawn up. Cru- 
cially, they state that there 
should be no supplies of 
military equipment that 
“would significantly enhance 
the capability” of one side to 
win the war. 

sefl 3,000 of its One-Ten 
model . were unlikely to be 
regarded as a move which 
would significantly alter the 
balance in the six-year con- 
flict, according to Whitehall 
sources, though a political 
outcry over the deal could 
cause a change of heart 
The One-Ten has been de- 
signed to replace virtually all 
other Land Rovers in service 
with the British Army. A long- 
range desert patrol version has 
been produced sporting two 
light machine guns ana the 
vehicle is capable of perform- 

ing an enormous range 
military functions. 

Land Rover's attempts to An ordnance expert said 

yesterday: “At its most basic, 
all you need is a semi-skilled 
craftsman to drill a few holes 
in the floor to make it capable 
of carrying a tripod for a 
heavy-duty machine gun. You 
could almost strap one to a 
commercial rollbar to achieve 
a similar result.” 

Its predecessor is in service 
with the British Army and 
more than 140 aimed forces 
worldwide is routinely used in 
an ami-tank version carrying 
either the 120mm Wombat 
recoilless rifle or the American 
106mm M40. 

The vehicle is also used 
extensively for communica- 
tions, command, fire control. 

artillery and missile lowing, 
and ambulance purposes. The 
chassis is also the basis for 
armoured patrol vehicles and 
personnel carriers. 

“The enduring attraction of 
a Land Rover to armed forces 
worldwide is that it is capable 
of operating in so many ways 
under so many different 
conditions." one export saxt 

Pres en t thinking in govern- 
ment circles, however, is that, 
ruardfess of the vast potential 
ofthe One-Ten as a military 
vehicle, the sate of the Land 
Rovers themselves could not 
be construed asa move which 
would alter the military 

Two dead in 
riots over 
Irish accord 

By Richard Ford 

Two people died and 71 estate when 
were injured during rioting 
and looting which erupted as 
tens of thousands of “loyal- 

ists" protested on the first 
anniversary of the Anglo-Irish 

But as unionist leaders 
pledged continued opposition, 
the Prime Minister remained 
unmoved on her support for 
the controversial accord. 

Mrs Thatcher said the Gov- 
ernment had expected demon- 
strations but said it would not 
make them change their mind. 

“We came to that agree- 
ment believing that we had to 
do something very decisive to 
try to bring the two commu- 
nities in Northern Ireland to 
work and live together and we 
thought the unionist commu- 
nity would be reassured by the 
commitment we have to them 
and Northern Ireland as a 

a missile was 
thrown through a downstairs 

As the couple examined the 
damage to their home, the 
distraught and frightened 
woman was taken ill and died 
before reaching hospital. 

‘A day earlier Mr Alan 
McCOrmick, aged 29, died 
after being hit by an RUC 
Land Rover during rioting in 
north Belfast Mr McCormick, 
a father of two young children, 
had been out drinking with his 
brother and was on his way 
home when the incident occ- 
urred. His family denied he 
was involved in street distur- 

An RLTC spokesman said 
that 27 civilians and 44 police 
officers had been injured in 
disturbances during the week- 
end. 91 people arrested and in 

whole, that its status would . Belfast 35 shops were attacked 
not be changed without their with 13 being looted. 

“1 believe it was right and 
we must continue with it" 
Mrs Thatcher’s reiteration 
of support will confirm what 
many unionists believe in 
private, that their campaign is 
likely to last a number of years 
and that their community is 
involved in a “long haul" 
operation if it is ever to 
destroy the deal giving Dublin 
a consultative role in the 
affairs of the North. 

Tens of thousands of loyal- 
ists attended a rally in Belfast 
on Saturday which was 
marred by violent distur- 
bances, attacks on businesses 
and the police by about 150 
loyalists on the fringe of the 

Early yesterday Mrs Alice 
Kelly, aged 66, a Roman 
Catholic, became the second 
fatality of the weekend when 
she collapsed and died after a 
sectarian attack on her home 
in Canickfergus, Co Antrim. 

Mrs Kelly and her husband, 
aged 70, were upstairs in their 
home on a mainly Protestant 

Yesterday, at a special mag- 
istrates court in the city, an all- 
night curfew was imposed on 
1 S men facing charges arising 
out of the disturbances and 
three men were detained in 

As the Rev Ian Paisley 
addressed the rally, gangs of 
youths, ignoring attempts by 
Orange Order stewards to 
calm the situation, smashed 
their way into building soci- 
eties and shops. Metal grilles 
were ripped from windows 
and youths rampaged through 
a sports store stealing clothing, 
golf dubs and golf balls, which 
they then hurled at police 
standing in M riot gear. 

Police fired plastic bullets 
and baton-charged rioters who 
pelted them with bricks, bot- 
tles and cans 

and later, as loyalists re- 
turned home, there were 
disturbances. An RUC Land 
Rover was fired on in Shankill 
Road, and Army bomb dis- 
posal experts defused a device 
sent by taxi to a police station 
in the city centre. 

TTie Hist day of Christmas 
my [me foe sen 10 me: 

A panndge in a pear nee 

The Kcmd day of Christmas 
my true love sent tome: 

Two turtle dotes. 

The child day of Christmas 
my true loot sem to me: 
Three ficodi hens . 

The fourth day «f Christmas 
my true Imc son tome: 
Four coilybnth. 

The filth day of Chnsnnas 
my true love sent to me: 
Five goM rings. 

The sixth day of Christmas 
my true foe sent to nt 
Sm geese a-laying. 

The setenth day of Chnstaus 
my true km tent to me 
Screw mjus mu huuiukl. 

The eighth day of Christmas 
my true foe sent to me: 
Eight maids a-tnilltmg. 

The ninth day oT Christo 
my true love sem to me: 
Mtw d nimmm .t nimming. 

The tenth day of Christmas 
my true foe sent tome: 
Ten pipers piping. 

The eleventh day of Christmas 
m> rntc lore ■ami tome: 

Ekrra laiii^c Ham-trip. 

, ISAY. 




Cinhv Trimmer Prc-.iev are available limn Ehxtncal jqJ Mraacar Shops and the EtrcinuaL Clothes Carr or Mensural Jcpanitunn’. ol ail g<x«j 

Horde tads of ytwrk«alUtl , *'tiii:tols write to John Corhr Limited. FREEPOST- Andover. Hampshire SPH) ^BR<>r Telephone. Andiwcr >0264' 5:577, . Nn stamp required 



. pnsruiDt 

_TtM 3 

Tory pledge likely 
on union controls 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

Mrs Sharon Jennings, whose husband died to the Shetland helicopter crash, to hospital to 
Middlesbrough yesterday with Rachel, her newly bora daughter 

for widow 
after crash 

The widow.of one of the 45 
victims of the Shetland heli- 
copter crash has given birth by 
caesarian section to a 6tb 5oz 

Mrs Sharon Jennings, aged 
24, of Gmsboroagh Street, 
Eaton, Cleveland, was to 
Middlesbrough maternity hos- 
pital for the both of her 
daughter, named Rachel, on 

Mr Paul J ennings, an nil rig 
mechanic, should not have, 
been on toe Chinook heli- 
copter which phmged total the 
North Sea 11 days ago, appar- 
ently after a rotor gear failure. 
He had exchanged shifts with 
a colleague so wot he amid be 
home in time for the bath. 

A New York lawyer has 
filed a $20 million daun to the 
United States on behalf of 
Mis Jenning s against Boeing 
Vertol, the helicoptert manu- 

Mrs Jennings said that she 
had always been afraid that 
something would happen to 
her husband. 

The Conservative mani- . 
festo for the next election is 
now expected to contain 
pledges of a further series of 
law reforms designed to make 
trade unions more account- 
able to their members. 

Those would include postal 
ballots for votes on all issues,' 
the compulsory improvement 
of union role books to give 
members more information 
on how their money is spent 
and the compulsory election 
of union leaders such as Mr 
Arthur ScaigilL Mr Rodney 
Bidcerstaffe of Nupe and Mr 
Ken GUI of Tass who avoid 
the requirement because they 
do not have a vote on their 
union executives. 

The Government, which 
has already tanned branch 
ballots except where the 
branch coincides with a work- 
place, has been alarmed at the 
manipulation of workplace 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, the 
Paymaster General said in a 
weekend speech- to Conser- 

vative trades unionists in 
Peterborough: “If evidence 
piles up that workplace ballot- 
ing is not working fairly, you 
can be sure that we will not 
stand idly by”. 

Ministers are planning to 
mak<» Labour’s commitment 
to scrap the three trade union 
reform Acts of the Conser- 
vative Government a focus off 
their election attack, on the 
grounds that their opponents 
would be taking the unions 
away from their members 
once more and giving them 
tack to the union bosses. 

Mr Clarke's weekend spee- 
ch, which is expected to be 
followed by the production of 
a Green Paper on further 
reforms in the New Year, 
marked the Government's 
increasing confidence that the 
battle to reduce unemploy- 
ment is being won and that it 
can afford to get tack into the 
business of improving die 
structure of the unions and the 
rights of their members. 

pay talks 

By Tim Jones 

Pay talks between the break- 
away Union of Democratic 
Minewoikers and British Coal 
appear to have reached a 
stalemate. Officials of the 
35, 000-strong union whose 
members helped the Govern- 
ment to break the miners' 
dispute by refusing to go on 
strike without a ballot, are 
“bitterly disappointed? 

Mr David PrendergasL the 
union's finance officer, said' 
“We are nowhere near a 
position where we can put 
anything to our membership." 
• Four miners jailed for an 
arson attack during the pit 
strike are working in the 
mining industry again — for 
Mr Michael Eaton, the former 
NCB spokesman. 

The four have been taken 
on at the Above Park opencast 
mine near Stoke, which has 
been bought by the Ecobric 
Company, headed by Mr 

Mail ‘cavalier’ 
over complaint 

The Press Council censured 
The Mail on Sunday yesterday 
for its cavalier attitude to a 1 
complaint about a report 
criticizing a nurses’ home. " 
The council upheld a com- 
plaint by Mrs Joy Reid 
chairman of North West Sur- 
rey Health Authority, Botleys 
Park and St Peter’s Hospitals, 
Guildford Road, Chertsey, 
Surrey, who said the article 
was inaccurate and misleading 
and the newspaper provided 
no opportunity to the health 
authority to make a quick 
correction of the facts. 

A report by Christopher 
Leake, industrial editor, about 
nurses' accommodation in 
The Mansion, near Chertsey, 
was headlined “Hell for the 
angels" with a straphne “Our 
flats are death traps." 

Photographs showed a dep- 
uty ward sister in “a squalid 
bedsitter” and a nursing assis- 
tant with her “fire escape” - 
knotted sheets dangled from a 
bedroom window. 

Mr Richard J Meara, dis- 

trict general manager, com- 
plained that the report rove a 
false picture. He asked for an 
equally prominent correction 
or publication of his eight- 
paragraph letter. Fire prec- 
autions met required stan- 
dards. There were three 
enclosed stone staircases. 

The picture of the deputy 
ward sister showed her in a 
bedsitter and not her flat 

Mrs Reid complained that 
nothing was published in the 
next Sunday's newspaper de- 
spite a telephone call from Mr 
Meara to Mr Leake. 

Mr Graham Multey, then 
managing editor, replied three 
weeks later that Mr Leake had 
been out of the country and 
apologized for the delay. 
Three days later he suggested a 
letter setting out briefly the 
authority's view. Mr Meara’s 
letter was too long, he said. j 

Mrs Reid said Mr MuUey's 
offer to print a short letter four 
weeks after the report was 

Tories to 
target on 
town hall 

Nicholas Wood 

Conservatives planning 
election strategy behove left- 
wing councils could prove as 
big a vote loser for the Labour 
Party as its non-nuclear de- 
fence policy. 

And, for voters too young to 

recall the Wilson and Calla- 
ghan governments, it can also 
be presented as an unpalatable 
foretaste of what to expect if 
Mr Neil Kinnock is returned 
to Downing Street. 

The new strategy has been 
walked out by Mr Norman 
Tebbit, party chairman, with 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher, se- 
nior ministers and their advis- 
ers, and Central Office 
campaign antes. 

Over die next few months, 
leading Conservatives will 
mount an unprecedented on- 
slaught on councils' such as 
Brent, Haringey and Ealing in 
London. Manchester, Bristol 
and LiverpooL 

The attempt to exploit what 
the Tories see as Labour’s 
second Achilles heel will have 
two mam elements? exposure 
of “looney left” activities in 
local government and 
warnings of financial pro- 

The growing potitidzatioh 
of education, exemplified by 
Brent's anti-racism crusade 
and Haringey's drive against 
heterosexism, will be a central 
theme of their attacks. 

Otter targets include pres- 
sure for local political control 
over the police, council grants 
to groups of homosexuals and 
lesbians, political patronage in 
staff appointments, and the 
renaming of streets and parte 
in honour of black activists in 
South Africa. 

• Conservative trade union- 
ists yesterday spared the Gov- 
ernment flutter embarrass- 
ment over its ban on trade 
unions at the GCHQ. 

On a show of hands repre- 
sentatives of the 70,000-strong 
Conservative Trade Unions at 
Peterborough voted 2-1 to 
reject a motion calling on 
ministers to overturn the rul- 
ing implemented in 1984. 

benefit cut 
was illegal 

The Government is today 
accused ofbnlqwfiilly denying 
unemployment 1 benefit to 
thousands tif claimants by 
enforcing a clause of its Job 
Restart. Scheme nine months 
before it had the powqr to do 
so (Tim Jones writes). 

Under the scheme, the long- 
term unemployed are re- 
quested to attend for an 
interview at their local 
Jobcentre where an interview 
officer will discuss the efforts 
they have made to find work. 
Usually, the claimant is en- 
couraged to take up a triace on 
a training coarse. 

But if they do' not attend the 
interview, foil to answer ques- 
tions satisfactorily or refuse to. 
follow without good cause the 
advice of the interviewer 
about training or possible job 
opportunities, they may lose 
their benefit entitlement 
Now, Mr Frank Held, MP 
for Birkenhead, has written Jo 
Lord Young of Grafiham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, claiming that his 
department was enforcing the 
rule for nine months before 
new regulations gave it the 
legal power to do so in 

Mr Field says: “During this 
time, over 18,000 claimants 
have been referred to the 
unemployment benefit office 
for failure to attend an inter- 
view or on the grounds of 
availability or refusal of suit- 
able work". 

He mainlaihs that from 
January, when the scheme 
began, until September, when 
the new regulations came into 
force, Lora Young bad no 
legal power to refer to benefit - 
officers those claimants who 
refused to turn up for an 

He has asked Lord Young to ■ 
explain “what steps the Gov- 
ernment is taking to trace the 
thousands of claimants to 
whom h has unlawfully de- 
nied benefit". 

Teachers 9 dispute 

Four unions sign schools peace pact 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Correspondent 

After more than 100 hours’ 
of talks four of the six 
teachers' unions signed a deal 
with their local authority 
employers at the weekend. 

In favour of the deal were 
the National Union of Teach- 
ers {214.000 members), the 
Assistant Masters’ and 
Mistresses' Association 
(87,0001, the Professional 
Association of Teachers 
(35.000) and the Secondary 
Heads' Association (5,200). 

Against were the National 
Association of Schoolmast- 
ers/Union of Women Teach- 
ers ( 1 27.000) and the National 
Association of Head Teachers 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of Slate for Educa- 
tion. is expected to indicate 


sometime this week whether 
he will compromise and ac- 
cept parts of the agreement as 
a basis for settlement 

The Acts deal includes: 
Pay: An average pay increase 
of 1 6.4 per cent for all teachers 
spread over 15 months from 
January l. 

This will cost £608 million 
and is the same amount that 
Mr Baker has put on the table. 

Where it diners radically is 
in the distribution of cash. 

The Government wants a 
basic nine-point scale begin- 
ning at £7,900 and reaching a 
ceiling of £12,700. It would 
also provide five top-up 
promotion allowances ranging 
from £900 to £4,800. 

The Acts deal, on the other 
hand, is more bottom heavy, 
offering remarkable salary in- 
creases to the lowest paid 
teachers of up to 62 per cent 

ft proposes a two-year entry 
grade, with a starring salary of 
£7,893 and, from September 
next year, increments ranging 
from £9.970 to £15,058 spread 
over a 13-year period. 

Where the local authorities’ 
offer recoups money is in 
cutting down on the number 
and cost of promotional 

Most beads and their dep- 
uties do marginally better out 
of the Acts agreement. A 
headmaster of a large com- 
prehensive could expect a rise 
from £26.259 at present to 
£30,600, £100 more than 
under the Baker offer. 

The deputy head of the 
smallest primary school 
would move from £11.163 at 
present to £15,300, which is 
£550 more than the Govern- 
ment is offering. 

Conditions of Service: An 

overall class size limit of 33 
pupils to be implemented by 
September 1 with a target of 
30 for after 1990. 

The working year would 
consist of 195 days, with no 
more than 2 hours a week, 
unties Teachers would have a 
job contract incorporating, a 
1 3-point list of duties, many of 
which have been voluntary 
until now. 

Ma c h in e ry: The present Burn- 
ham committee will be abol-” 
ished under new le&slation. 
The Secretary of State has said . 
he will form an interim ad- 
visory committee. 

To counter this, the unions 
and local authorities have 
forwarded their own proposal. _ 
a new National Joint Council, ‘ 
which would negotiate pay; 
and conditions together in the ‘ 
some forum for the first time.- , 




% r ! 

■ 3!^ S2V; 

■: bentriirct 
! was llleeai 

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^ * L 

_ -J i e * fa 

act p"' 

College urges controls 
as clinics tackle NHS 



smear tests backlog 

The Royal College of 
Pathologists is trying to im- 
pose greater controls over 
pnvate laboratories process- 
es cervical smears as it feare 
that some companies are 
exploiting National Health 
Service staff and providing 
substandard services. 

The college has set op a 
register of the growing number 
of pnvate laboratories, many 
of which are helping process 
backlogs from NHS lab- 
oratories. It is also considering 
setting up both inspection and 
licensing arrangements. 

. At present anybody is en- 
mled to set up a laboratory to 
process cervical smears and 
there are no regulations 
governing the qualifications of 
the staff employed or the 
standard of quality control. 
“Laboratories are exploiting 
NHS staff by using them after 
hours and paying them very 
little,” Dr Peter Trott, a 
member of the college's spe- 
cial advisory committee on 
cytopathology, said yesterday. 

“We are concerned that 
gynaecologists sending smears 
are being fooled by private 
laboratories who offer a cheap 
and quick service. The risks 
are never explained, although 
the work may be being done at 
a lower standard.” 

By Jin Sher man 

Dr Trott said that the 
college had evidence that 
realty NHS technicians, tired 
after a day’s work, were 
“moonlighting” in private 
firms. There was also some 
proof that positive smears 
were missed. He died a case at 
Addenbrookes Hospital, 
Cambridge, last year, where a 
quality control test showed 
that a private laboratory failed 
to notice four out of five 
positive smears. 

After publicity that women 
at high risk were not being 
screened, pressure on NHS 
laboratories increased, leading 
to processing backlogs of six 
months in some areas. Health 
■authorities turned to the pri- 
vate sector to bale them out. 
The London Clinic has now 
been approached by New- 
castle district health authority 
to take on its backlog, which 
Dr Trott says, will treble the 
clinic's load. While it charges a 
private dient £6 a smear, the 
clinic charges the NHS £2 a 
smear, similar to the cost 
within the health service. 

Most private laboratories 

members had used or heard 
of, often through advertise- 
ments in medical publica- 
tions. The college asked them 
to supply details of the work- 
load undertaken, quality con- 
trol arrangements and 
whether they wished to reg- 
ister with the college. 

“Eight of the firms wished 
to register. But we have no 
power to stop the others 
screening smears,” Dr Trott 

The kind of pressure on the 
smear test service was illus- 
trated in Peterborough last 
week when a woman's smear 
was returned to her GP with- 
out being tested. Mr Alan 
Bums, the NHS district man- 
ager, explained that bis 
authority had a policy of 
screening every five yearsi and 
the woman in question had 
been screened only three years 

have extra capacity but, like 
the NHS, they saner from a 
lack of trained cytology tech- 
nicians to read the smears. 

In September the Royal 
College of Pathologists wrote 
to 1 1 private firms which its 

Mr Bums said the district 
had told the doctor that if 
there was a particular need for 
the smear, such as a medial 
or psychological reason, it 
would be processed. Dr Chris- 
topher Brown, secretary to the 
British Society of Clinical 
Cytology, said that once a 
smear had been taken be 
would expea a laboratory to 
accept it. 

Mentally ill being 
abused says union 

Private landlords are lining 
their pockets with supple- 
mentary benefit payments 
made to the mentally ill, the 
health service's biggest union, 
Cohse says (Jill Sherman 

Cohse representatives to- 
morrow will lobby Mis Ed- 
wina Currie, the junior health 
minister, to call for greater 
controls to stop the exploita- 
tion of the menially fll and 
ensure adequate standards in 
board and lodging houses, 
private nursing homes and 
residential care homes. 

The union claims that un- 
scrupulous landlords have 
taken advantage of the situa- 
tion after the Government's 
policy to dose large psychi- 
atric hospitals and put long- 
term patients inducting those 
suffering from schizophreni a 
into the community. 

Patients are often directly 
discharged to private nursing 
homes, where mentally Q1 
clients are eligible for board 
and lodging payments of up to 
£197 per week, or residential 
homes, where they can claim 
up to £147. 

Health authorities say that 
few patients are discharged 
directly to board and lodging 
houses but this is where they 
can end up, often because 
local authorities can provide 
no alternative. 

Cohse claims that because 
board and lodging houses are 
not governed by the same 
regulations as residential 
homes and nursing homes, 
they are open to more abuse. 
Clients can claim board and 
lodging benefit of up tOb£70 
depending on the location and 

this is often paid directly to 
the landlord. 

Mr Bob Qinck,Cohse’s East 
Midland regional secretary, 
said: “It has opened the door 
for the gei-nch-quick mer- 
chants. There are people who 
see a quick buck in the 

He said in some cases 
former patients were being 
forced into overcrowded 
boarding houses where baths 
were restricted and rents were 
as high as £100 a week. Often 
patients were turned out of 
their rooms in the early morn- 
ing and not allowed bad: until 

Mr Quick said: “The con- 
trols which apply to nursing 
homes do not apply to board- 
ing houses. The result is there 
is a lot of misery, overcrowd- 
ing and squalor.” 

The Association of County 
rwincik emphasized that 
board and Lodging bouses 
totally foiled to meet the needs 
of mentally ill people. 

Mr Tony de Sautoy, the 
association's under-secretary, 
said: “The majority of these 
bouses provide no day care 
facilities but local authorities 
do not have die funds to build 
up tbeir own day care centres. 

Board and lodging houses 
should have no part to play at 
all in residential care for the 
mentally iO, he said. 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security said that it 
had no knowlecfee of mentally 
ill people moving from hos- 
pitals to board and lodging 
bouses for any long-term pe- 
riod, and had no figures on 
how many people were tem- 
porarily transferred to these 
houses tv focal authorities. 

NHS cuts 

a snare in 

Three readers share Sat- 
urday's Portfolio Gold prize uf 

Mrs Ida Duna, 73, a 
retired cashier, from Mon- 
mouth in G»enL has played 
the Portfolio Gold game for 
the past two months. _ 

-I could not believe my 
lock.” she said. “I've never 
won anything before.” 

Mrs Dean said she intended 

spending her prize money on 
renovations to the family 

Among the bidders ? (from left): Mr Alfred Tanbman, Baron Henry Thyssen, Giovanni Agnelli and Mr Bob Guccione. 

Modern art sales could fetch 

By Geraldine Norman. Sale Room Correspondent 

GPs want 

change in 

boy almost 

A demand that the General 
Medical Council change its. 
directive to doctors on the 
confidentiality of medical 
treatment for minors was 
agreed at the Royal College of 
General Practitioners at the 

Voting on the proposal to 
ask the college's council to put 
forward die demand showed a 
majority of nearly two to ona 

The GMC instruction, 
which came after the court 
case instigated by Mrs Vic- 
toria Gillick over prescrip- 
tions of birth-control pills to 
teenage girls, says that doctors 
may tell parents what they 
learn about their child in the 
course of giving medical ad- 
vice only if they believe that 
the child is too immature to 
have a proper understanding 
of what is involved. 

Dr John Marks, who is also 
chairman of the British Medi- 
cal Association council, ar- 
gued that confidentiality 
should be guaranteed to mi- 
nors to ensure that they 
should not be deterred from 
seeking medical advice. 

By Craig Seton 

A boy aged 15 who was 
found stabbed to death in a 
ditch was almost beheaded in 
the frenzied attack, a post- 
mortem examination dis- 
closed yesterday. 

Detectives have not yet 
established a motive for the 
killing of Lee Newton, who 
was found dead on a 
recreation area close to his 
home in Northampton, but 
they have ruled out a sexual 
attack or robbery. 

The boy. who was expelled 
from school recently, was 
found wearing only his jeans 
and with a plastic bag (foiled 
over his head and shoulders. 
His hands were tied. 

The post-mortem examina- 
tion showed that the cause of 
death was multiple stab 
wounds to the throat, neck, 

chest and bade 

Police believe he was killed 
in another part of the 
recreation ground, which was 

frequented by glue sniffers, 
before being dragged about 40 
yards and dumped. 

Many of Britain's top doc- 
tors and scientists are at- 
tracted to jobs abroad because 
the lack of funding in the 
health service is inhibiting 
their work, claims the British 
Medical Association. 

It has now ealleri for an 
urgent review of the effects of 
this brain drain on the 
country's nrarifcal research 
and its implications for the 
health service. 

Medical academics are leav- 
ing for Europe and America, 
either because of cutbacks in 
medical academic posts or 
because they have had to pare 
their own departments to the 

In some cases the exodus is 
the result of whole depart- 
ments or hospitals dosing, 
says the BMA. 

“Our short-sighted NHS 
policy makes life very difficult 
for people with very special- 
ised dolls because it is difficult 
to find a niche for them,” 
Robin Murray, Dean of the 
Institute of Psychiatry, says. 

Interviewed in this month's 
BMA News Review. Dr Mur- 
ray claims that young talented 
people are also finding it 
impossible to plan their ca- 
reers and emigration seems 
the only way to guarantee 

“The opportunities for our 
junior doctors are limited. It is 
disheartening when one talks 
to some senior bouse officers 
and registrars about their am- 
bitions and realises how un- 
likely they are to achieve 

Professor Leslie Blumgart 
was director of the biggest 
academic surgical unit in the 
country, at Hammersmith 
Hospital, west London. 

In 1976 the department 
employed 10 full-time aca- 
demic staff 

When be left for Switzer- 
land last month, the staff had 
been halved. 

He found that his work was 
frustrated by a shortage of 
operating rooms, only four 
with no emergency theatre, 
even though he had to handle' 
an enormous surgical com- 

Intensive care beds were 
also at a premium with seven, 
out of a provision of 12, being 
shared by the bospitaL 

Professor Blumgart says 
that the problems in academic 
surgery in the UK are closely 
related defidences in NHS 
and university funding. 

At the Hammersmith be felt 
he could not run a large 
department of surgery with 
the efficiency warranted by his 

Dr Murray says that sci- 
entists are even more vulner- 
able to bong lined overseas. 

“Of the 1 8 scientists trained 
in the Institute in the last three 
years only one got a university 
post in Britain. Most of the 
others emigrated and a few 
went to drug companies.” 

The London sales of Im- 
pressionist and modern pic- 
tures, scheduled for the first 
week of December, are the 
most important for a quarter 
of a century. 


Sotheby's expects to turn 
over some $40 million in the 
week and Christie’s some $20 
milli on. American buyers are 
so dominant in this market 
that everyone tends to think in 
dollars rather than sterling. 

Christie's will probably get 
the lop price of the week for 
Edouard Manet’s “La rue 
Mosnier”. They are already 
daring to talk of £4million, 
which means it could go a lot 
higher. Other top -price pic- 
tures include Toulouse- 
Lautrec's “Au Moulin de la 

Sotheby’s reckon that they 
have the best Cubist Braque in 
private hands, his “Femme 
Lisant” of 1911, and the 
estimate of £2 million to £2.7 
million is likely to prove 
conservative. There are two 
other Cubist Braques and a 
large and striking Cubist Gris 
of 1917. all estimated about 
the £400,000 mark, a Renoir 
street scene, “Place de la 
Trinite” of 1875, with an 
estimate of £950.000 to £1.2 
million and Monel's “Moulin 
a Vent et Bateaux a Zaandam” 
of 1872, an early tour de force 
of watery reflections, which 
may be estimated at £700,000- 
£900,000. but will certainly 
top the million mark. 

profile collectors include 
Baron Thyssen. the German 
industrialist. Siavros 
Ni arch os, the Greek ship- 
owner, and Gianni Agnelli, of 
Fiat fame. 

Galette” a brilliant rendering 
of the low-life denizens of 

of the low-life denizens of 
Montmartre, estimated at£l.S 
million to £2 million, a great 
Leger of 1930, “Les trois 
Personnages”, which is in at 
£500,000-£700,000 and a 
small Mondrian, in un- 
touched condition and orig- 
inal frame, at £600,000- 

Tbe big buyers are already 
booking in for the sale and 
speculation is rife about who 
will carry off the prizes. Repre- 
sentatives of the Getty and 
KimbeD museums, the United 
States’ richest, are confidently 
expected. But this is a field 
where private collectors make 
most of the running. High- 

Shigekei Kamayama, of Ja- 
pan. speaks no English, bids in 
millions and deals in and out 
of his collection. He is known 
to be coming to London. The 
Americans, however, make up 
the biggest contingent of top- 
of-the-market collectors as far 
as Impressionist and modern 
pictures are concerned. Nor- 
ton Simon, who has a superb 
private museum in Los An- 
geles. is said to have recovered 
from a recent illness and to be 
in buying mood. Mrs Seward 
Johnson, widow of the 
Johnson's baby powder em- 
pire, has now successfully 
fought off her stepchildren's 
claims on the Johnson fortune 
and is likely to be back in the 

The other big spenders in- 
clude Wendell Cherry, who 
runs the Humana chain of 
private hospitals; William 
Koch, of Boston, who is 

backed by the family oil 
fortune (and brother to Fred 
Koch who is converting Sut- 
ton Place, nearGuildford. into 
a Victorian art centre): the two 
sons of Estee Lauder, Ronald, 
the United States ambassador 
in Vienna, and Leonard, who 
runs the family firm: Bob 
Guccione, the owner of Pent- 
house and, of course. A. Alfred 
Taubman himself, the chair- 
man of Sotheby's, who has 
confused the New York Con- 
sumer Affairs Department by 
bidding heavily in his own 
sales. They tried to discourage 
him by dubbing his purchases 
insider dealing but have now 
accepted that he has as good a 
right to buy pictures as anyone 

It is a market that thrives on 
machismo rather than 
connoisseur-ship. The big buy- 
ers show off their financial 
muscle in the sale room and 
droves of auction groupies, 
soigne mini-millionaires, 
gather to gasp, gossip and 
fawn on the buyers. Parties 
proliferate, for the market in 
modern art has generated a 
busy, glittering, social scene. 


The other dally winners are 
Mr S E Cole from Hounslow. 
Middlesex, and Mr J J 
Tom be from Mil ion Keynes. 


Two readers share the 
weeklv Portfolio Gold prize of 
£ 8 . 000 . 

Mr Malcolm Hewitt, aged 
63. a retired office worker from 
Charlion in south-east 
London, has played the Port- 
folio Gold game since it 

“I am still a bit surprised 
about winning, and it has not 
sunk in yet." he said. 

Mr Hewitt said he will 
attest his winnings. 

The ether weekly winner. 
Mr ion N EcMcrris. aged 52. an 
industrial training designer 
from Altrincham in Cheshire, 
has played the Portfolio Gold 
I game since it started. 

“I cynically thought that I 
would neicr win. But it is very 
nice.” he said. 

When asked how he Ln- 
tenued spending his winnings. 
Mr Mc.Morris said: "I wiil 
buy some new hi-fi equipment 
and have a nice Christinas." 

Readers who wish to play . 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

l he Times, 

FO Box 40. 

Slack boro, 

3Bi 6AJ. 

my ' 


■ »x>; ‘ ' 

Malcolm Hewitt will invest 
his winnings 

Bath degrees 

A list of degrees awarded by 
the University of Bath wBJ be 
published tomorrow. 

Six Tamils 
held after 

fire deaths 

Six Tamils have been ar- 
rested in connection with the 
death of three Asians in a 
firebomb attack in east 
London on Friday. 

Extensive inquiries, includ- 
ing house-to-house searches, 
continued yesterday. 

The men in custody are 
Tamils from the local commu- 
nity. Police said it was increas- 
ingly clear that a personal 
dispute between two groups 
was behind the attack. Detec- 
tives ruled out racial and 
political differences 

The arson attack at 3.40am 
on a two-storey house in 
Bmges Road, East Ham, was 
the sixth and most violent 
arson attack in the street since 
June last year. 

It is believed to have been 
the dim ax to a long-running 
dispute which started between 
the two Tamil groups three 
months ago and gradually 
progressed into a scries of 
attacks, including three in 
Burges Road, one in High 
Street North, one in Shoebury 
Road, one in Milton Avenue 
and another in Rosebery 

More than 40 uniformed 
police officers were brought in 
at the weekend to patrol the 
streets of East Ham and 
Newham, while extra police 
joined the murder invest- 

Although some of the east 
London attacks against Asians I 
have been blamed on right- 
wing groups, the latest arson 
was apparently the culmina- 
tion of an aigument and a 
fight between Tamil youths in 
a public house. 


been done for. As it was, Cuttv 

Sark pressed hard on their heels 

Some people chase beer with 
whisky. Others prefer to do it the 
other wav around. But how could vou 

use a Cuttv Sark to chase a man on 


only in a cutty sark (a short shirt, to 
the Scots of that century) . 

For sport, she would destroy 
crops, shoot cattle and lure ships 
onto the rocks. 

all the wav to a nearby bridge. Safety 

lav on the other side, as witches can t 

cross running water. 

But they can run fast enough to 

Robert Bums did it. First, he 

Houdini stunt 

the rocks. r^r^r\ keep up with a galloping horse,. 

But the night that Tam { .■ -v-| Ar. instant before Meg reached 

wrote about a farmer called Tam 

Family to delay legal action decision 

*’ . . • _ tl. r ... r r> u — .. iu «i hoM inriai 

The famil y of the man kilted 
during rehearsals for a dare- 
devil stunt scheduled for Noel 
Edmonds' Late. Late Break- 
fast Show wiil await the out- 
come of a pdlice inquiry 
before deciding whether to sue 
the BBC. 

Mr Michael Lush, aged 25. 
plunged to bis death Iasi 
Thursday while practising a 
Houdini-style escape from a 
sealed box suspended from a 
crane 120ft in the air. The 

BBC has maintained that an 
equipment failure was not to 

At the family home in 
Hedge End. Southampton, 
yesterday, Mr Lush's brother- 
in-law, Mr Paul Gizelak, said 
there were no immediate 
plans to mount an action 
against the corporation. 

But he said that the matter 
would be considered alter 
investigations by the police 
and the Health and Safety 


The Late. Late Breakfast 
Show , whose success was 

partly built on getting mem- 
bers of the public to perform 
dangerous stunts, was 
scrapped permanently by the 
BBC over the weekend. 

Mr Bill Cotton, managing 
director of BBC-TV, said that 
both be and Mr Edmonds had 
decided it would be inappro- 
priate to continue the 

-The tragic death of Mi- 
chael Lush has caused all of us 

to think very hard indeed 
about our responsibilities/' he 

Mr Edmonds said he did 
not have the heart to carry on 
and that there was no alter- 
native but to cancel the series. 

o'Shanter and his grev marc Meg- 
Then he had them fide past a church 
one miserable night while the 
premises were suspiciouslv bright 

o’ShaDtcr encountered her, she r J|j the bridge. Cutty Sark managed 
was dancing to the tune of ||jp|l to puli off her tail. 

Satan’s bagpipes in Allaway fc j£J| j As for the whiskv. it can 

church. Tam thought she made 


sid! be a chaser. But ail it car. ” 

a lovely sight. Cutty Sark 0 capture is vou: admiration. 

ana noisy. 

thought Tam would make a 

lovclv corpse. So the chase C U~ CUT L'f SARK. 

The BBC last night denied 
that the show would have had 
to be taken off anyway be- 
cause of Mr Edmonds's plans 
to be host on a new television 
programme in the Ltaited 
States. . 

To thicken the plot. Burns 
introduced a witch. He describes her 
as being young. beautiful and ciad 

was on. If he hadn’t been 9 I 

sstride his hone, he'd have REAL MfCOY 



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Curiouser and curiouser. 

The Volvos have power steering, central locking, 
headlamp wash/wipers and a heated driving seat ; 

For an explanation, call your nearest Vauxhall dealer 
For change out of £9,500, buy a Volvo 240. 

Pro: Volvo, Springfield House, Princess Sl, Bristol BS3 4EF~1 
1 For a brochure, call 0800 400 430 See, or post the coupon- I 

I Mr/Mrs/Miss | 

| Address 2i/i404-F-47. , 

Funny old world, isn’t it? 

A 2-3 litre Volvo costs less than a 2 0 litre Vauxhall. 
After all, the Volvo 240 Estate was recently voted 
ifest executive car by Britain's leading consumer 

And in spite of the fact that the 240 Estate has a load 
:y of 75.9 cubic feet with the back seats down, it has 
er turning circle than a VW Golf 
So why are the Volvos cheaper than the Vauxhalls? 


Both Volvo 240s have thirteen coats of rust-resisting 
?r and paint. 

And a life expectancy of 20-7 years. 


Credit laws fail to stop 


• | ■*■ nuc hum im 

misleading advertising 
on second mortgages 


■ De ^ epl ' ve advertising de- 
3E?! borrowers 

*««« financial 
difficultly has exposed serious 

cEte in ** ConsuraCT 

The advmi seme ,,, 5 taw 
led to calls for urgent changes 
m the way the Office of Fair 
Trading interprets the regula- 
tions governing the sale of 

The demand for reform 
comes from reputable finan- 
ciers and brokers who fear that 
the sharp practices emplovoi 
by a growing number of small 
finance companies and bro- 
kers is bringing the industry as 
a whole into disrepute. 

An inquiry by The Times 
Home From campaign has 
also disclosed that misleading 
advertisements, dubious sales 
techniques and “equity 
lending" have become in- 
creasingly widespread during 
the past year because of the 
absence of effective regula- 
tions to prevent them. 

Equity lending attracts un- 
scrupulous firms who lend 
only to borrower's who have 
already paid off more than 
half of their mortgage. 

The lenders are' fully aware 
that the people who come to 
them are already in finan cial 
trouble, and there is a good 
chance that they will fall into 
arrears again - giving the loan 
company the right to possess 
the property. According to 
county court registrars and 
money advice centres spoken 
to by The Times, this practice 
is on the increase. 

These companies attract 
customers with highly emo- 
tive advertisements in the 
national newspapers c laiming 
to offer “the only way out” for 
debtors with mortgage arrears, 
credit card debts, county court 
judgements and possession 
orders against them. 

According to Mr Peter 
Walker, chairman of the 
Corporation of Finance Bro- 
kers, many of these companies 
attract custom by initially 
offering relatievly modest 
rales of interest, and then 
switching customers on to 
much higher interest rates 
because of the customer’s poor 
debt profile. 

Because of a flaw in the 
Consumer Credit Act, pro- 
spective borrowers are often 

By Michael Dynes 

unable to compare the cost of 
various loan schemes as com- 
panies and brokers are not 
required to show their charge, 
often more than 10 per cent, 
for arranging a loan when they 
show the annual percentage 
rate of interest, or APR. 

For example, one Liver- 
pool-based company recently 
advertised loans at an APR of 
18.8 per cent. At the same 
time, a London-based com- 
pany advertised loans at an 

APR of 15.9 per cent. Osten- 
sibly, a prospective borrower 
would be better off taking out 
a loan from the London firm. 

But a closer look at the 
repayment tables shows that a 
customer borrowing say 
£5,000 over five years from 
the Liverpool firm would be 
paying £125.35 per month, 
while the same loan from the 
London firm would cost 
£13035 per month, a dif- 
ference of £300 over five 

The London firm, like 
many other companies operal- 
ing in the second mortgage 
market, exploits the loophole 
in the consumer credit law 
which does not require com- 
panies to incorporate their 
charge for arranging the loan 
in the APR figure. 

Pamphlets published by the 
Office of Fair Trading urge 
consumers to compare the 
APRs of the various loans on 
offer, and claim that “the 
lower the APR the better the 
deal". But because there is no 
requirement to include in the 
APR the fee for arranging the 
loan, the APR is frequently an 
inaccurate guide to the cost of 
a loan. 

Mr Walker said: “If the 
APR is to mean anything, it 
should include tire fee for 
arranging a loan. The fact that 
it doesn't is a major anomaly 
in the law. If the Office ofFair 
Trading believes that it is 
interpreting the law correctly, 
then the law dearly needs to 
be amended." 

Housing group calls 
for greater spending 

By Our Property Correspondent 
A complete overhaul of authoritative assessment 

government policy on housing 
is an urgent priority in tack- 
ling Britain's housing prol*- 
lems, the newly-formed Nat- 
ional Housing Forum says in 
its first important statement, 
to be published today. 

The measures needed in- 
clude increased capital invest- 
ment in housing from public 
and private sources, more 
freedom for local authorities 
to spend capital, and greater 
fiscal neutrality between 
home-ownership and the rent- 
ed sectors, the NHF says. 

The group, formed earlier 
this year, has 16 members 
representing the breadth of die 
bousing spectrum, including 
local authorities, housing 
associations, private builders, 
building societies and pressure 
groups such as Shelter. 

It has agreed a radical 
package of proposals which it 
intends to press on the Gov- 
ernment — and any future 

The proposals are the result 
of a “common concern” that 
in many areas some people 
face problems of severe hous- 
ing shortage and unsatisfac- 
tory housing conditions and 
that these problems are getting 
more acute. 

In its statement the group 
concludes: “We recommend 
the Government provides an 

future housing requirements 
against winch renovations and 
house building performance 
can be assessed". 

The forum criticizes 
“anomalies” in the present 
financial arrangements for 
personal subsidies to occupi- 
ers, both between home own- 
ers and tenants and between 
richer and poorer owners. 

It says: “We believe current 
arrangements for housing fi- 
nance, including mortgage in- 
terest tax relief; Exchequer 
and other grants should be 
considered to see whether 
there are reforms which would 
create greater fiscal neutrality 
and greater equity". 

The forum seeks more free- 
dom for local authorities to 
spend capital, including cap- 
ital receipts from sales of 
council housing, on building 
and renovation, and calls for 
increased lending to respon- 
sible. publicly approved land- 
lords of different kinds by 
investment institutions in- 
cluding building societies and 
pension funds. 

It also calk for efforts to be 
made to avoid repeating de- 
sign disasters of the 1960s by 
better on-site supervision, 
adequate ‘ testing and eval- 
uation of prototype building 
methods and consultation 
with occupiers. 

homes set 
on fire 

Two more Welsh holiday 
homes were severely da mag ed 
in arson attacks yesterday. 
Both the homes were on Lleyn 
Peninsula in Gwynedd — a 
chalet at Abersoch and a cliff- 
side cottage at Nefyn, 1 5 miles 
away. . . . , 

Forensic scientists searched 
the debris in a hunt for dues. 

There have been seven ar- 
son attacks in Gwynedd since 
the summer and 200 in Wales 
since 1979. 

Yesterday Mr Wyn Roberts, 
a Welsh Office minister, sai± 
"These attacks are hurting 
tourism and the economies of 
local areas". 

He pointed out that the 
Welsh Office was willing to 
help councils in countryside 
areas to buy vacant homes if 
there was a housing need 

“There have not been many 
applications," he added. "But 
many holiday homes are so 
remote they are not really 
suitable for local people with 
young families. 

“The arson attacks , are to- 
tally irrelevant with our hous- 
ing problems, which are 
mainly to do with the matter 
of old housing stock.” 

Grade ‘to 
move back 


A coincidence involving the 
■resignation of a senior tele- 
vision executive and the stag- 
ing of a symposium at his 
studios has prompted specula- 
tion that Mr Michael Grade 
may be invited to revert from 
the BBC to independent tele- 
vision (Our Arts Correspon- 
dent writes). 

The tumours began flying 
when Mr Grade, the director 
of programmes, was seen in 
private conversation last week 
with Mr David Justham. 
chairman of Central TV. 

Two days later Mr Bob 
Phillis announced that he was 
resigning as managing director 
of Central to join the Carlton 

Communications Group. 

The BBC yesterday dis- 
missed a report that Mr 
Grade, formerly of London 
Weekend Television, was be- 
ing offered the job as “sheer 
speculation". Mr Grade, who 
is in the US to attend events 
marking the fiftieth anniver- 
sary of television, was not 
available for comment yes- 

• Mr Michael Green, 
Controller of BBC Radio 4, is 
to announce a programme 
review tomorrow. 

The Corporation of Finance 
Brokers also expressed anxiety 
about the growth of equity 
lending, where a finance com- 
pany lends on the proportion 
of the property owned by the 
borrower, rather ihan his abil- 
ity to repay. 

The Corporation of Finance 
Brokers has its own code of 
practice which prohibits 
members from using highly 
emotive advertising, switch 
selling, manipulation of the 
APR or engaging in equity- 

About 60 percent of bro- 
kerages operating in the Great 
Britain, who conduct about SO 
per cent of all brokerage 
business, are members of the 
corporation. But there is no 
code of practice regulating the 
activities of non- 
members.The Office of Fair 
Trading told The Tunes that it 
was content with the overall 
framework of the consumer 
credit law, although it 
acknowledged that some de- 
tails have yet to be ironed ouL 
It also said that it was examin- 
ing the way some finance 
companies and brokers were 
abusing the spirit of the 
Consumer Credit Act, but 
claimed that “there is no easy 
answer to this question which 
does not create additional 

pushing up 
bottom of 

By Christopher Wurman 

Property Correspondent 

The ready availability ef 
mortgage money is a prime 
cause of sharp price increases 
in houses for first-time buyers 
at the bottom end of the 
market, the Inland Revenue 
Valuation Office states in its 
autumn property report 
The report say's of first-time 
buyers: “It is evident that the 
ease by which many of them 
have wen granted op to 100 
per cent mortgages at high 
multipliers of earnings is now 
cansing increased reposs- 
ession problems. 

“The granting of sneb mort- 
gages is no favour to many of 
these purchasers." 

The Valuation Office, which 
has some 1,600 qualified Tabl- 
ets in England and Wales. 
Haims it is in an unrivalled 
position to see the property 
market as a whole, for all sales 
are notified to the Inland 

The report says that resales 
of former council houses sold 
under the Right to Boy legisla- 
tion are increasing, and there 
are likely to be more on offer 
when the period for the repay- 
ment of tenants* discount is 
reduced from five years to 
three under the Housing and 
Planning Act. 

Property Market Report (Sur- 
veyors Publications, 12 Great 
George Street, London SW1 
3 AD). 

Sr.'S. ' 

■ ^ • . • . ’ . Tf ■ ■ • . ' ■ * * 

■* l v '’ \ ^ Vv&y* fw? • : : ;i * 4 i, ’ . m l'^ I v ’’ ^ v ^ * Ty . . ■ 

*;i> ••. . s~ • 


Mr Peter W timers, of the Rcsseodale Groundwork Trust (right), and Mr Steve Wrighton, its fisheries officer, on boarc tae 
Irwell Challenger, surveying the spot on the Irweil at RawtenstalL Lancashire, where Mr Richard Branson, chairman of 
UK 2000. will today release the first of 1 18 trout. The ceremony will mark the creation of 1 1 8 Community Programme jobs. 

How to learn architects’ language 

Bv Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 
Anyone who has ever tried 
io understand an architect's 
drawings can now use a simple 
guide produced by the Centre 
on Environment for the 
Handicapped by the Access 
Committee for England. 

Reading Plans, a scries of 
drawings with explanatory 

notes, has been written by 
Stephen Thorpe, an architect, 
who says that learning to read 
drawings is like trying to learn 
a foreign language at school. 
But armed with a scale rule 
and an understanding of what 
they depicL anyone can learn 
to speak the same tongue. 

It is estimated that about 10 
million people in Britain suf- 

fer from some disability. The 
Government is backing pro- 
posals that local disability- 
access groups should be con- 
sulted about plans for new 
buildings, especially those 
where there is public access, 
such as local authority depart- 
ments. cinemas and theatres. 

Mrs Sarah Langton- Lock- 
ion. director of the centre and 

secretary to the Access Com- 
mittee. said that access for the 
disabled is often considered to 
be a luxury. But those with a 
physical disability wanted :o 
be treated as pan of society, 
not as a separate group. 

Rtaditig Plans, including scale 
rule (Access Committee for 
Enaland. 35 Great Smith Street. 
London SW1 P 3BJ. £2.501. 

We’ve taken the mystery out of the (Meat 

The answers to all these questions are to be found in our Stav-a-While booklet. 

If you fly Cathav Pacific, well help you choose a good hotel room in any of 14 places in the Far East. Well book vour 
rooms. We’ll arrange transport to and from the airport. 

We can save you money as well as trouble. (In Hong Kong, for example, you could stay in an £80 hotel room for £ 45 .) 
And when you arrive in the Far East, you wont be disorientated. 

For full details of our services and the Stay-a-While booklet, see your travel agent or phone us on 01-930 7878 or 

UnkLine 0345 581581. 

-Arrive in better shape 


The Swire Group W«! 





%/ii 61 | 


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Sometimes it can seem easier to win an export 
order from some far off corner of the globe than it 
is to get export finance from the bank down the road. 

Indeed, the constraints and conditions imposed 
by the bank may even make you pull out of some 

This somewhat blinkered attitude isn’t just likely 
to hamper your own growth. It could also affect the 
growth of the national economy. 

That’s why at Barclays we’ve made sure that our 
managers are less likely to look at your exports as 
just risks. And more likely to look at them as a valuable 
opportunity for both of us. 

A range of products as wide 

as your range of export customers. 

At Barclays we realise the business you do over- 
seas is often as varied as the business you do here. 

So we have an equally varied range of products. 

We are launching, for example, two new 
product groups called Tradeline and Tradeflow offering 
short-term export finance which is simple and quick 
to organise. 

We also have a Smaller Exports Scheme to help 
new exporters through the paperwork maze and 
financial risks. 

And everything from Countertrade and Forfeit 
services, to Foreign Currency Accounts and foreign 
exchange itself. 

We even have a Trade Development Service 
which, through our worldwide network, matches over- 
seas buyers with British sellers. 

Our export service is also 
an expert service. 

After you’ve been half way round the world to 
win an export ordei; the last thing you want is an 
export finance service that’s based the other side of 
the country. 

So access to our services is available through all 
2,700 of our local branches. 

But, if you should require more specialist help, 
you can talk to one of our 20 International Services 
Branches round the country. 

Whatever your export needs, though, we 
think youll find talking to us will encourage 
you, rather than deter 

In fact, when it comes to export finance, 
you could say it’s a one horse race. 

For further information, please ring David Davies on 01-489 0969 ext. 25?. 1 
Alternatively; tick the appropriate box(es) below. 

Please send me your 
brochure on: 

Please arrange for a manager to 
contact me on: 



Trade Development Service 
Smaller Exports Scheme 

Medium Term/Project Finance 
Private Market Insurance 
Foreign Currency Accounts 
Documentary Services 
Bonds and Guarantees 

Surname Mr/Mrs/Miss*: 

IMtlctc I> appropriate) 



Business name: 

t Business address: 


Tel. no: 

Current bank: 


Please send the coupon to: The Manager. Business Services, Centre. Barclays 
Bank PLC. Juxon House. SM St. Pauls Churchyard, London EC4M 8 EH. 


We’U look at your business. 

Not just your balance sheet. - 



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Airborne radar: 1 

Blow to 2,500 jobs and 
£900m research loss 
if contract goes to US 


Sometime in the days before ~~ 1 

SSJM 0 " 6 SS 9^ of themost crucial dt 

«»SrJ2Sid££ fwenpobiUty techoia 

of GEC AvioSSfriSStS Ntmr °4 or tkeE-3 A wacs 
in item, and Mr Mark Miller com P an ) > for the trirboi 
president of Boeing Aero- comin S t0 a climax. In t 
space at his headquarters in Davenport, Defence Cm 
Seafrte- petition for the contract 

Both calls will be from the outcome. 
same office within the Min- ■"«* , . 111 

isiry of Defence in Whitehall for JS? * v * onics 

but for one of the menthe 9y ^v5^? I0 jSS a ? on ‘ 
message will take the snarid/* Accoraiugio GEQ the com- 


finIi tt B ? OVerai ? e ^ 1 >s in the a “no” decision mam that 
2 s . con S d_ ?** Government win be writ- 
eration about which aircraft it ing the redundancy notices for 
will choose to provide Britain 2^00 staff engaged on the 
with its new generation of project who will have to start 
airborne early warning radar, looking for jobs the next day. 

The decision, difficult II ^ s** 5 *■* a no vote 
enough on the straieht tech, would take Britain out of the 

Nimrod or the E-3 AwacsaircraJL of America's Boeing 
company for the airborne early warning ’ role, is 
coming to a climax In the first of two articles Peter 
Davenport, Difence Correspondent, ■ looks at com- 
petition for the contract and the implications qf the 

port orders for the avionics began an intensive pro- 
syst em of u p to £2 bflfioo. gramme to iron out the prob- 
According to GEC, the com- Idas, mainly the clutter and 
p£my with the most to lose false plots from the radar 
from the wrong telephone call, detection and tracking system. 

Meanwhile, Boeing was 
proceeding with the delivery 


JS“ of Eurqpran^N^ members; 

project who wifi have to stan sTim 

me decision, difficult the NimrodprogiWine. the 


sgssszsssrssi ^saraus- 

cussions. to the Americans. yEC a short, new cootraa and 

Fnr if th* The search fora successor to “vited compebtonJSut other 

, or “® Government the small and ageing fleet erf companies joined the bid for 
plumps for the Boeing E-3 Shackleton aircrafthas been *** contract. In September it 
Awacs in favour of GECs going on for a The boiled down to a straigbi fight 

jHPSESftSP 4 !. Nil ^ od il SSiy gave the go-ahead fS betwecn GEC and Boeing. 
mnL w ^S nB thc Nimrod project in 1977 Both companies submitted 

“L™* S2° ^ with the first aifoafl expected “best and final" bids to the 

; JS? 01 ^ abeady to be delivered by 1982. ministry on November 6. 

5k!vr,?i a U ?I? Project, When it eventually did They are now being evaluated 
a °™ j, yea ^ of develop- arrive, two years larer, it foiled by the procurement executive 
ment work and potential ex- the RAF evaluation and GEC Tomorrow: The rivals. 

Professor’s drive 
to bring youth 
into engineering 

Sir Harry Secombe at borne in Surrey yesterday (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

Forty years of irreverent humour 

Stars of the entertainment 
world gathered io the West 
End of London last night to 
pay tribute to 40 years of 
inspired lunacy (Our Arts 
Correspondent writes). 

Sir Harry Secombe, erst- 
while Goon and presenter of 
the BBC tele vision’s religions 

programme, Highway, was 
honoured by the Variety Club 
of Great Britain at a banquet 
interspersed with music and 
appropriately irreverent hu- 
mour from Jimmy Tarbock 
and other admirers. 

The comedian, aged 65, 
returned the compliment with 

a number of anecdotes from 
his career, which began with a 
series of sketches at die ; 
WindmBl Theatre for which : 
he was paid £20 a week. 

Among his memories was 
sin ging “Bless this House" to 
a captive audience, at , 
Pentonville Prison. i 

A conviction that Britain 
could be doomed to become 
an industrial joke stranded on 
the edge of Europe has led to 
the organization of the biggest 
science and technology show 
to be mounted in the couotry. 

To be held at Brands Hatch 
in the summer of 1988, the 
show win not be just another 
opportunity for companies to 
sell their wares. 

Specifically, it will show oB 
the technological achieve- 
ments of British companies 
and demonstrate their re- 
search and development pro- 

The extravaganza bas one 
main aim and that is to 
encourage more yonng people 
to enter the field of science 
and engineering. 

The British Science and 
Technology Show 1988 has 
been planned from a small 
office in Acton, west London, 
by Professor Paul D. Cook, 
who is determined to arrest 
what he sees as the decline of 
Britain as a serious compet- 
itive force in tomorrow’s 

In a way that horrifies some 
of his academic Oxbridge 
contemporaries. Professor 
Cook is so concerned about 
the problem that he has 
unasham edly courted the sup- 
port of show business 
personalities to ram home his 

By Tun Jones 

Jriiain It is a paradox, for Professor 
ecome Cook believes that television 
led on soap and drama are largely to 
led to blame for the poor esteem m 
jiggest which the young consider 
show engineering and science as a 
untry. career. 

Hatch “Shows like Dallas show a 
8, the glamorous world in which 
softer money is apparently made 
ties to with no real effort and parents 
can see other programmes in 
ow oB which fortunes are apparently 
hicye- made by people just moving 
ponies bits of paper around and they 
ir re- think that would be rather a 
t pro- good thing for little Johnny to 
become involved with, 
is one “Unfortunately for them, 
is to the truth is that unless more 
people young people are attracted 
dence Into science and engineering 
Britain will become an indus- 
■ and trial antique." 

8 has Only British companies, or 
small those with a British research 
indon, base, will be allowed to exhibit 
Cook, at the show, 
arrest Free space will be provided 

line of for the universities and 
impet- schools, where some of the 
now’s newest ideas will be seen at 
their inception and at a level 
i some which creates interest for 
bridge everyone. 

fessor Proceeds from the shows 

about will be used to assist science 
: has and engineering education at 
esup- all levels, ranging from the 
in ess elementary stage at schools, 
ne his through to research level at 

pact being 

By Oar Home Affairs 

A pact between states to 
transfer prisoners is foiling to 
bring back Britons to com- 
plete their sentences in this 

Since the agreement came 
into effect in August last' year, 
only two prisoners have re- 
turned, both from Sweden, the 
Home Office says. 

But 10 prisoners have gone 
from this country, nine of 
them to the US and one to 

The National Council for 
the Welfare of Prisoners 
Abroad has complained to the 
Directorate of Legal Affairs at 
the Council of Europe. - 

France, along with Spam, 
Sweden, the US and Britain 
were the. first to agree to 
operate the transfer system. 
Canada, Austria' and Cyprus 
have followed. 

In October there were more 
than 550 British prisoners in 
countries who operate the- 
agreement The Government 
says that 30 of these have 
expressed an interest in being 
transferred back to Britain, 
but so for only 13 formal 
requests have been received. 
Bureaucracy is said to be 
deterring applications and 
holding up those that have 
been made. 

One British prisoner in 
France is a paraplegic who was ; 
jailed for five years last year 
for cocaine smuggling. He was 
also fined £264,000, which 
was later reduced to £20,000. 
The prisoner cannot apply to 
transfer because he cannot pay 
the fine. 

A third prisoner, in Spain, 
has been trying for a year to 
obtain transfer. The council 
says: “The problem would 
appear to be in persuading the 
Spanish authorities to treat 
the agreement seriously" . 

youth and 
music day 

Mrs Terence Malfinson, 
Lord Mayor of Westminster, 
has invited 2,000 mnsirians 
from top manuring bands to 
{day in me first public parade 
to be held m the dty on New 
Year’s Day. 

Marching bands from the 
US, decorated floats and 
colourful exhibits depicting 
London’s world-wide business 
and cultural interests will 
mark the first annual celebra- 
tion of youth and music. 

Oiganized by Youth Music 
for the World,' the parade will 
be mounted in support of 
I Westminster CTty GoundTs 
contribution to the arts. 

From noon on January 1 
the two-mDe route stretching 
from' Piccadilly id Oxford 
Street will be the scene of an 
international celebration of 
“youthful exhuberance, 
friendship and above all 
music", according to the or- 
ganizers of foe parade. ~ 

Fire destroys 
school roof 

One of Britain's oldest pri- 
vate schools, the seventeenth 
century Royal Alexandra and 
Albert school at Reigate, Sur- 
rey, was severely damaged by 
fire at the weekend. 

Two. members of staff and a 
fireman were treated in hos- 
pital after breathing smoke 
fumes. The fire destroyed foe 
roof of the building. - . 

Council toban 

Foxhunting on county 
council-owned land in Not- 
tinghamshire is scheduled to 
be banned from tomorrow. 

Councfllors will be asked to 
approve a “charter for an i m a l 
rights”, put forward by the 
r uling Labour group seeking a 
ban on foxhunting. 



A Free Aramis umbrella at all leading Department Stores. 

' /jjfA, '■VCft.-'i'*' S <* ■ - < . , # . .... 

V'.. . 

v •• ••• .■ - 

•’S'- ■■■>■ ■ 

. £ Vil 

Pensioners learn 
to beat criminals 

We are pleased to tell you that 
Aramis are giving away rather stylish 
umbrellas, which have shades of blue 
and a dash of red. 

To take advantage of this oflei; just 
drop into your local participating 
Department Store, stroll up to the 
Aramis counter and buy any two 
fragrances from the Aramis range of 
Aramis, Aramis 900, Aramis Devin 
or JHL. You will then receive your 
distinctive, stylish and completely free 

The way the weather seems to be 
heading it could be a wise decision. 


By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
Action is being taken by the In Tnmton, police hare a 
dice. Aae Concern and other card to be banded to caHers 

police. Age Concern and other 
agencies to calm foe fears of 
oli people about doorstep con 
men. and other crinunlihi 
man y parts there is a cam- 
paign to educate pensioners on 
how to protect themselves. 

Today a week-long drive is 
to be started by Age Concern 
in Coventry to persnade 
pensioners to pot their money 
In a hank or I sMing society 
rather than keep ft at home in 
some imagiBed secret .»*»§ 
place easuy foimd fcy crim- 

In Coventry, Age Concern 

«qKng (hear to prodnee 

In Norfolk foe namber of 
prople pestered into parting 
with betongmgs is reported to 
have risen. Age Concern has a 
yiunw to provide door chain s 
and safety lodes for people in 
the county. 

card-sized notices, similar to 
foe Taunton cards, lave been 
printed for distribution m 
Thames Valley by Age 

Concern. m 

In Northumberland a joint 
has been bunched 

At all leading Department Stores. 

While stocks last One gift per customer: 
Oflfer closes Friday 5th December 1986. 



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: r.iV-:- ■$ & •* 







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-• .v -- -■ ■'^.- -V-..V: ■ .• *. C»J4ibr *■»*»*—— 

Some of the things that can happen when 
you piace a business order verbally really don’t bear 
thinking about. 

The 30C gibbons that arrive instead of the 300 
ribbons, the boxes of striped pyjamas instead of the 
ripe bananas. 

And it's all down to simple human error. 

It’s a fact of life that conversations get garbled, 
misinterpreted, or forgotten. 

However, a Telex leaves nothing to chance. 

.Messages can be checked before the/re sent 
leaving yen with a concise confirmatory copy of 

dates, places, times and quantities. •. 

They reach exactly the right person, with 
the added reassurance of knowing it arrived. 

And you’ll never find a Telex being shuffled to 
the bottom of the in-tray and forgotten. 

It’s invariably given urgent attention as it comes 
hot off the machine. 

How much do you pay for this service? 

Up for 2 local message, 32p further afieid. 
{A lot less then you thought isn’t it?) 

So, aiJ-in-al! a Telex could save you an awful lot 
of unnecessary scurrying around. 

•3©1 : 271 Li ssssess. Cs®t ©n ifasTfeSex. 

.v L* 



Se ryj the coupon for your free latex } 
Infor mation pack to British Telecom Ttetex. 
FREEPOST BS 3333, Bristol BS1 4YP 
Oetex 449217 BT TAN G) or caH 
400 466 {24 hours) 


Type of Buslness_ 


Co you have a Telex? YfesDNoD 
✓ As appropriate 



The cost quoted excludes VAT lip Is the- vast of sending a local 5 minute &rezt-£.-o;;ed sa ; i fro": rour own Telex, For example, caiVqpt aoproamatety eqmvelent to an A4 typed letter^/ 200 wonts. 

’sasasaa **ggmttj 

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unity campaign 

km to the aniwnuy of 

as ■"Ms s ESiS-ac 

coaccntratE on «-L' nmoi» 

SSSrftejS? S *W«* i»lh«r On the 
^The campaign wag w elriM—ni bv *- (W r»«~k* 


<^» sBaa aaiaiy‘-‘» 

8 sodafist party, viewed this initiative with 

W of coIMm bctm d« 



Delhi bars Pakistanis 


troops fer maooeafrra near Fhlte^s 

Ae Infew 

,J»CwnOT^Geii«*aI^ , Mr Aflab Seth, said the feosian 
toidbeen taken foidmoUntne lessens. He denied that 

measures, and hoped 

not say torn ton g the sftnatim would centime. 
rt S « ^ifiran fly, the snaouaccraeut was made on toe ere of 
«»e second seven-nation «hiwA of the «— « fc Asian 
Assaag on for Regional Co-qperatiou in the Man city of 

ZT* . Sarnmit report, page 12 

Bnton Lovers in 

\Z] C? — ~ 

Harare— Zimbabwe pol- 
ice are seeking the extra- 
ction of a Briton, Mr 
Edw in Bertram, to help 
with' inquires into a pro- 

etihiHM mm 


sarburbs (Michael Hart- 

Mr Bertram, aged €9, is 
thought to have gone to 
Britain in March after a 
German, Herr Radi Hart- 
wkfy aged 47, was arrested 
tor fearing nuawfld semi 
relations with teenage 
schoolgirls. Herr Hartwich 
was last week sentenced to 
four months imprisonment 
by a Harare ma g istr a te. 


Los Angeles - A CaESur- 
msu couple who »— *» a 
daring dajfigbt helicopter 
escape from a prison yard 
early this month were cap- 
tured at the weekend as 
they shopped hi a Sacra- 
mento jewellery store far 
wedding rings (Ivor Davis 


On November 5 Ranald 
McIntosh, an escapee from 
a federal prison, bracked a 
heBcapter and flew hack to 
the prison to lift Ms 
gfr lfr wnii j ■ S a mantha Lo- 
pez, aged 511, who was 
serving a 50-year sentence 
for bank robbery, from the 
exercise yard. 

Sanctions-busters bust 

JtohannesfeM (AFP)— An a dv e rtto n a i t placed by enor 
inn newspaper hoe this week has exposed some of tiie sanc- 
tioto-bustmg operations bang offered by sharp foreign 
operators to South African importers and exporters. 

Placed hymn Israefi-hased firatuadprnnilnfsrty displayed 
in (he Mtimmi daily Basinas Day* ft said: “Any san c tions 
impediments can be rir cnmveste d through ear offices for 
modest percentages.” It oil end serric es Mk e traro- 
re-brrairipg, ilin nmnit re-certification, tem- 
•rfav and bov-hacks. 

secretive afEurin 

fla n ctfun s -bn sti n g has became n l 
Sehth Africa* 

Arabs on 

. ■ West Berfin— Two Jor- 
teians, one of them the 
brother, of the convicted 
le nwrist Near Htedxwi, 
will appear today hi a 
hcavftygnafded coot in 
West Berfin, charged with 
a terrorist bomb attack 
(John England writes). 

Ahmed Hasi W Ae 
35 -year-old toother, and. 
Faronk S a tameh , aged 39, 
are charged jointly with 
attempted mnrder by 
boaridng the Gomaa-Arab 
Society^ centre in Berito 
on March 29 this year. ' 

OAS avoids decisions 
0n region’s problems 

Frihn Martha Honey, Guatemala City 

tie Organization of Araeri-, 
States (OAS) wound up.its 
nil meeting here- having 
d to propose realistic sohi- 

s to the region’s main 

.foe 38. topics an foe 
da, three dominated the 
te: the FaDdand Islands 
me between Britain and 
mrifia; human rights; and . 
Central American crisis. 

] three were dealt with by 
ing weak consensus reso- 
us which circumvented 
controversies and oom- 
ties of the topics. 
ie US and Engiisfa-speak- 
raribbean states, . acting as 
igates. iw Britain, man- 
to avoid a conde mn ation 
ri tain’s declaration of a 
rtiih* fishing zone around 
Falkland Islands. The- , 

resolution simply recom- 
mended “dialogue” between 
Britain andAigentma. 

Throughout the meeting, 
the cliche was repeated that 
diplomacy is the art of consen- 
sus and diplomatic progress 
takes time. But, particularly 
with regard . to Cential Amer- 
ica, many wonder if there is’ 
still time for artful diplomacy. 

While diplomats were deb- 
ating a bare-boned resolution 
caning for the Contadora 
Group to continue its peace 
initiative, the conflict was 
crowing . in other parts of 
Central America. _ _ 

Despite the politic al dif- 
ferences, there was a univer- 
sally-shared fear that by next 
year’s meeting. Central Amer- 
wffl be embroiled m a foD- 


Reagan tells Thatcher 
Soviet-US deal would 
not affect UK deterrent 

From Ouistopbgr Thomas, Washington 

Mrs Thatcher was given a 
dear assurance by Resident 
Reagan at . Camp David on 
Saturday that Britain’s in- 
dependent nuclear' deterrent 
would not be affected by any 
US-Soviet arms reduction ag- 

The assurance is ft boost to 
Mrs Thatdufs aigument that 
Britain should go ahead with 
the pordtase of the Trident to 
replace Britain's ageing Po- 
laris misaks, despite Mr Rea- 
gan's, proposal at Reykjavik 
that all long-range ballistic 
missSes should be abolished. 

She said the Resident had 
confirmed his “full support 
for the arrangements mate to 
modernize Britain's unclear 
deterrent with Trident”. 

She said: “ft is vital that we 
continue to have an indepen- 
dent nndear deterrent.” 

Mrs Thatcher said she and 
President Reagan bad agreed 
that priority should be given 
team agreement on intermedi- 
ate-range nuclear missiles, 
with restraints on shorter 
range systems, a 50 per cent 
cut over five years in US and 
Soviet strategic offensive wea- 
pons, and a ban on chemical 

The statement conspicu- 
ously omitted any mention of 
President Reagan's proposal 
at Reypcavik to abolish all 
hatlhdir. misales within 10 

Europe, which feared 
being left vulnerable. 

Mrs Thatcher "Right 
now there have been so szua- 
menls control agreements fol- 
lowing Reykjavik, There is a 
the moment no efcangp m the 
arms cont rol position ... we 
shall cany on as we have in 
the past with the same policy 
under Nato.” 

She emphasized that short- 
range missiles should be m- 
doded in negotiations with 
tee Soviet Union, because 
they w>oe in state positions 
teat they could faD on England 
and Wales. 

She said she agreed with 
President Reagan on the need 
to press ahead with the Staten 
gk Defence Initiative. An 
agreement on intermediate- 
range missiles would be pos- 
sible if it could be decoupled 
from SDL Whether it could be 
was a ma t t er for the Soviet 

. Mrs Thatcher said resea r c h 
undo - the SDI p ro gra mm e 
should be taken op to the 
point of “feasibility” because 
“you’re still re se ar c h ing when 
you are going right up to feasi- 
bility. If you don't knew 
whether a system will work, 
you stin research to find out. 
That is my own interpretation 
of research which 1 have made 
very dear, also, to the Soviet 

Union. 1 don’t think you could 
have much less” 

Asked if that was compat- 
ible to continued adherence to 
the 1972 anti-ballistic missile 
treaty, she said there were 
various interpretations of tee 
tr e aty and su g g e ste d that a 
special committee be estab- 
lished to resolve problems of 

Mis Thatcher said: "We 
confirmed teat Nato’s strategy 
of forward defence and flex- 
ible response would continue 
to require effective nuclear de- 
terrence, based on a mu of 
systems. At the same time, re- 
ductions in nuclear weapons 
would increase the import- 
ance of eliminating conven- 
tional disparities. Nuclear 
weapons cannot be dealt with 
in isolation, riven the need for 
stable overall balance at all 

She turned side questions 
about the Reagan Administra- 
tion’s dealings with Iran and 
repeatedly said Britain's pol- 
icy was not to sell “lethal 
weapons to either ride” in the 
Iran-Iraq war. 

Asked whether that was an 
implied criticism of Mr Rea- 
gan's actions, she sakk “I have 
nothing to add to what the 
President said in his very dear 
statement on Iran. I believe 
implicitly in the President's 
integrity on that subject.” 

Iranian arms affair 

Storm breaks over 

The damage done by foe 
Iranian asms affair to Italian 
relations with the United 
States looks substantial 
Today Panorama, the week- 
ly news ma gazine, publishes a 
report that the American Se- 
cret Service asked the Italians 
to help with arms shipments 
to Iran and were refused. 

Authoritative government 
sources” said foot Admiral 
Marten, tee head of the 
mflitaiy secret service, was 
approached by an unnamed 
American secret service in 
Febnauy and he reported the 
request to Signor Bettino 
Craxi, the Prime Minister. 

After Signor Grnri had con- 
sulted seme of his ministers, 
decided to. reject the 
proposal • 

From Pieter Nichols, Rome 

Any use made since of 
Italian ports for this traffic — 
bote Talamone and Ancona 
have been mentioned in this 
respect — would have been 
done presumably without the 
Government's knowledge and 
certainly without its btessing. 

The gravity of the implica- 
tions has for days now been 
expre s sed in a series of state- 
ments by Senator Giovanni 
Spadoteu, foe Minister of 

From being put on the 
defensive by a request from 
the for Us resigna- 

tion over the affair , he has 
turned accuser and called fora 
parliamentary inquiry. 

He talked at length about 
the issue on Saturday, saying 
that it was a different, but 

more serious, business from 
the crisis in relations with the 
United States which followed 
tee hi-jack of the Achille 
Lauro a year ago. 

He said if there is confirma- 
tion of American negotiations 
with Iran for the freeing of 
hostages in return for military 
equipment, then the line of 
firmness in the face of inter- 
national te r ro rism would have 
been severely damaged. 

“It will be talked of for a 
century,” said Senator Spad- 
nihri, usually regarded as tee 
most pro-American of leading 

• Report denied: The Prime 
Minister's office yesterday de- 
nied the report in Panorama 
that Signor Craxi had received 
a secret US request 



put Samey 

From Mac Mat^oKs 

Rio de Janeiro 

Early returns in nationwide 
weekend ejections point to a 
comfortable victory for the 

A publicity ban near polling stations had little effect in the 
B razilian elections, but children seemed to be more 
attracted to the littered leaflets than the queues of voters. 

Israeli jets raid PLO 
bases after stabbing 

From Juan Carlos Gumndo, Beirut 

The Israeli Air Force yes- 
terday bombed three Palestin- 
ian guerrilla bases in southern 
Lebanon in apparent retali- 
ation for the murder of a 
Jewish Bible student in 

The 10-minute raid injured 
at least four people and caused 
extensive damage- 

Reports from Stdon said 
four Israeli jets struck build- 
ings of tee Palestine libera- 
tion Organization near the 
village of Darb al-Sim. 

The PLO’s “Force 17” unit 
had claimed that it had killed 
EKahu Amedi. a 22-year-old 

student. He was stabbed out- 
side his college on Saturday. 

• JERUSALEM: The tar- 
get of the Israeli air attack was 
a naval base “used by terror- 
ists for mounting military 
operations”, a military 
spokesman said yesterday (Ian 
Murray writes). 

The stabbing to death of the 
Yeshiva College student in tee 
Arab quarter of Jerusalem 
sparked a chain of retaliatory 
violence yesterday. A shop 
was set on fire in foe early 
hours after a large funeral 
march took the body for burial 
on the Mount of Olives. 

coalition of Braxff- 
Ian President Jos4 Sarney. 

The major party in SmMrr 
Sarnev’s Democratic Affiance, 
the centre-left Brazilian 
Democratic Movement 
(PMDB), appears to have 
secured the upper hard, taMgg 
governorships in 20 of 23 
muf nearly half of the 
seats in the new 559 -member 

The Liberal Front Party 
(PEL), the Junior partner in 
the Affiance, suffered setbacks 
in key challenges for governor- 
ships, but is expected to have 
more thaw • hu ndred repre- 
sentatives elected to upper and 
lower chambers of Parliament.. 

On Saturday virtually 85 
per cent of Brazil's 69 milB on 
registered voters turned out to 
rh noy from 151,000 candidates 
and 32 parties for Congress, 
governors, and local offices. 
This was the first congres- 
sional election since the end of 

two decades of military rale m 

Ekcthm officials reported 
the voting was free and fair, 
with no big disturbances. The 
official count, tabulated mo- 
stly by hand, began yesterday 
and is expected to drag on for 
several days. 

Opposition candidates on 
both left and right were losing 
by Urge margins, giving the 
coalition parties a near total 
victory. Although the coalition 
parties have (teen been at 
odds, and backed opposing 
manifestoes in nearly every 
state in the election, tee ballot 
returns have been interpreted 
as a vote of confidence for 
Senhor Sarney's Government. 

Seahor Sarney, 56, was 
thrown unexpectedly into 
power 19 months ago. when 
the popular Democrat, 
Tancredo Neves, aged 75, fell 
gravely ill on tee eve of his 

Since then, tee “acridentaT 
President has soared in 
popularity polls due to clever 
pnhtit-ttl fldminfotra ti nn and an 
audacious economic reform 
that brought a 250 per cent 
inflation rate down to under 10 

Late y es te rday, the PMDB 
was stfll winning governor- 
ships in the country’s wealthi- 
est and most populous states. 

deal report 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Ir anian dissident sources 
dismissed a report yesterday 

thatMrAdnaaiKhashoggi was 
involved in the US arms-for- 

A. report in The Observer 
said Mr Khashoggx was the 
middleman for a US-inspired 
deal and had organized a 
shipment of US-made arms to 
be transferred via Israel to 
Iran in return for the release of 
US homages in Lebanon. 

Iranian SOUTCCS in London 
said that the White House was 
“very unlikely to have trusted 

stive operation”. 

They said ' Mr Kbasboggi’s 
dose contacts with the Saudi 
royal family and other Arab 
leaders, who support Iraq in 
the conflict against Iran, 
would have excluded him, and 
that his high-profile image 
could have co m pro mi sed the 

They said Israel had been 
secretly Supplying Iran with 
arms since the beginning of 
the revolution, and that chan- 
nels via Jerusalem were al- 
ready in place and at Washing- 
ton’s disposal when President 
Reagan decided to send the 
weapons to Tehran. 

But the sources stressed that 
London is still being used as a 
centre by Tehran for anus pro- 

US change 
by Tehran 

American policy towards 
Iran has changed “drastically 
for the better”, Tehran’s en- 
voy to the United Nations 
said yesterday (Reuter re- 
ports). The ambassador, Mr 
Saeed Rajaie Khorasani, told 
ter Iranian news agency, 
IRNA, that recent remarks by 
President Reagan showed “a 
drastic change in US policy 
towards Iran”. 

The White House, Mr 
Khorasani told IRNA in 
Washington, had come to 
recognize “the strategic 
power, independence and his- 
torical and cnlttual identity of 
the Islamic Republic. 

“We must consider this a 
positive development in US 
foreign policy," te added. “It 
is a 180-degree change ...” 
Mr Khorasani added that the 
“imminent , victory” of Iran in 
its six-year-old war with Iraq 
had been a big factor in 
Washington's decision to 

die London offices of the 
National frnanian Oil Compa- 
ny were a front for a weapons 
purchasing operation. 

contacts with the 

Islamic Republic 

Turning to the issue of 
American hostages in Leba- 
non, Mr Khorasani said that 
Mr Reagan was trying to 
convince the American public 
that “instead of negotiating 
with the captors, it would be 
better to taut with a Govern- 
ment which enjoys power and 
has influence among Lebanese 
Muslims”. He added that its 
demands, indnding supply of 
arms, must be met 

Kremlin wrath descends on prostitutes 

From Christopher Walker 
i Moscow 

After * . 

sobbIb)! dpdah, the Soviet 

wtnwrtwi the existence of 
prastitetioi ia tee Ssriet 
UnkHfand articles have Ap- 
peared in tee state-cMtrolKd 

meda demanding new laws to 

change' in afti- 

nds a problem tkit 
obvious te any 
, notorioos late- 
■a* enritney feanjte 
ad other major cites. 

the KrendteV -aap- 
I mmmt (openness) 
Ksal-evib previously 
be the sole preserve 

tioa tteocigfrout Ae Soviet 
'Union. • 

. Until the campaign began, 
die official fine htfl been to 
always parrot slavishly tee 
Ai« aide to foe standard 
work Tie Gnat Sonet Bo- 
cy d o p a rdia, which steles cat- 
egericRly: “After the victory 
oftee Great October Rerate- 
ftn the fundamental canses 
of prostitetioa woe Eqaidated 
; . .And to foe 1936s, partite- 

Soviet citizens by 
da blitz or-. 
attest the 

Tte new antbprostftdtfeffi 
drive to tee press (hacked by 
street patrols «f Tong On- 
fMmte TOhBteero) is inspired 
fen t high leinel te the 

A senior Soviet smee teM 
The Times that it was likely te 
be followed by tough new 

At patent; became prosti- 
tution does, not cffida lly ead st 
here, there are no criminal 

laws against foe . inmaring 
anekr'd Soviet - prwtitetra; - 

Instead, foe toifoto hove to 

rely m ■nsatisfectoty indirect 
methods, sach as tefidogemeet 
of laws agates* foreign cur- 
rency dealing, vagrancy er 
“iafectfng with v e n e rea l di- 
sease” (which carries a maxi-, 
mum sentence of fire yens). 

The call for new laws b 
being lead by foe. popular 
yoodr paper Moskonku Kom- 
soowfyetSt which puhfished an 
mprecedeated expsd entitled 
night-time haulers”. 

A Key section declared: “It 
wwdd be. completely jnstified 
to introduce legal measures 
based on pn«l§te 6 B£ for sett- 

body o 

npbbtd rtrf, until recently, 
ft was just as u na cceptable to 
speak of the problems caused 
by prostitotiow as it was with 
those of drug addiction, adding 
that information had been 
defiberttely withheld. 

“This problem, which we 
■sed to bush 19 and fr om 
which we previously turned 
away te shame, most now, too, 
be solved,” Mr G ri sh c henko 

Another leadtegOMunnnist 

youth Turner. JSmBMttOfthnMC 

pSda, reporteibTTte fc 
proved ‘business' exists 
ntahdy bccaase we allow ft to. 
For many years .we haw 
pretended that we: did not L 
notice anything: It is shameful 

Mr A. 

-dor official- to for 
Ministry of Internal Affairs, 

Much ofthe recent increase 
fa Soviet prostitiition is 
centred on tee large hotels and 
restaurants frcqnented by foo- 

; The regional paper 
Sonetsksfa Bydonasiya re- 
cently oosplateed of the 
“persistent pestering of 
girl$” ixfficteJ OB 
mate visitors and claimed teat 
these approaches were not 
always welcome- “Some to 
” tiie newspaper 
tamed to' In- 
ternist officials with foe re- 
quest that- they be protected 
from such attentions." 

i- . ■ 




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Managua tribunal rejects clemency plea 

Maximum 30 years for Hasenfus 

From Alan Tomlinson, Managua 

Eugene Hasenfus. the Am- 
erican airman shot down last 
month in Nicaragua, has been 

- sentenced to 30 years in prison 
On charges of terrorism, eons- 

- piracy and violating the coun- 
. try’s security. 

A Revolutionary People's 
Tribunal found him guilty on 
all three counts on Saturday 
after a four-week trial. The 
non-jury court dismissed his 
plea for clemency, passing the 
maximum sentence permitted 
under Nicaraguan law. 

Hasenfus, aged 45, from 
Marinette, Wisconsin, said he 
would appeal. Under the ex- 
ceptional judicial system cre- 
ated by Nicaragua’s stale of 
emergency, a similar court will 
hear the appeal within five 

In a written judgement 
which took more than an hour 
to read, the tribunal said it did 
not entertain the slightest 
doubt that the defendant was 
frilly conscious of what be was 
doing when be took a job fly- 
ing weapons to the US-backed 
Contras in Nicaragua. 

“Could the counter-revolu- 
tionaries operate without such 
supplies of arms' 7 ” the judge- 
ment asked. “One may also 
ask: ‘Is it perhaps a secret that 
the counter-revolution is di- 
rected, supplied and financed 
by the present Government of 
the United States?"’ 

Hasenfus bad voluntarily 
carried out “an indispensable 
act”, the objective of which 
was to submit Nicaragua to 
the domination of a foreign 
power. This was the material 
element by which the most 
serious crime of violating 
Nicaragua's security was con- 
stituted, the court ruled. 

Transporting arms consti- 
tuted the crime of terrorism: 
the arms the defendant had 
delivered to the Contras were 
used "to kill defenceless peas- 

He was guilty of conspiracy 
he had not acted 

said the judgement, 
; Hasenfus 


which noted that 
bad admitted in a written 
confession and in an interview 
with an American television 
network that be was working 
for the CIA. 

The coun dismissed as “to- 
tally unbelievable” his claim 
that he did not know that an 
identity card issued by the Air 
Force in El Salvador, where 
the Contra supply operation 
was based, described him as 
an American adviser. 

“The prisoner lied. What is 
he trying to hide by such a de- 
nial?” the tribunal queried. 

The court said the defence 
had not offered “even the bare 
outline of a case”. Hasenfus's 
American lawyer, the former 
US Attorney-General Mr 
Griffin Bell, was not present 
when the verdict was an- 
nounced. He had left for the 
United States a week earlier. 

Hasenfus sat impassively as 
the sentence was read, as he 
had done throughout the triaL 
His wife, Sally, who sat behind 
him, also showed no emotion. 
His brother Bill, who was also 
in the court, said he was not 
surprised by the severity of die 

As Hasenfus was led from 
the crowded courtroom to a 
prison van, reporters asked 
him if be was glad the trial was 
finally over. He nodded and 
bowed his head. 

Hasenfus listening impassively as be is 

to jail by a people’s tribmaL 

poll hope 
for left 

From Richard Win 

A hard fortnight's cam- 
paigning has begun -for the 
Basque general election, with 
Senor Jose Ardanza, the 
oulgoing Chief Minister, rais- 
ing the bogey of a Basque 
country “just like any other 
autonomous - region 1 * to pull 
out a maxim um Nationalist 
vote against Madrid. 

The problem of Basque 
terrorism and the future of 
Basque home role, which has 
not produced the expected 
results, are the underlying 
issues facing 1.6 million 
Basque voters. 

The split last September in 
the almost 100-year-old Bas- 
que Nationalist Party (PNV), 
which brought the collapse of 
the Ardanza government ne- 
arly two years before elections 
are due. now means the 
Nationalists are having to 
fight off a Socialist challenge 
to put a chief minister in office 
in Vitoria on November 30 for 
the first time; 

Opinion polls published at 
the weekend suggest that Se- 
nor Jose Benegas, the Socialist 
candidate, who is a Basque 
himself is close on the heels of 
Senor Ardanza. But both are 
short of a majority in the 75- 
seat Basque parliament, and 
difficult negotiations to build 
a coalition look inevitable. 

Much will depend on bow 
many seats Senor Carlos 
Garaicoechea, the previous 
Chief Minister, succeeds in 
taking away from the PNV for 
his new party, now named 
Basque Solidarity (EA) after 
losing a fight over the old 
party labeL 

Senor Garaicoechea is att- 
empting something like the 
comeback Senor Adolfo Su- 
arez, the former Prime Min- 
ister, achieved in Spam's 
general election last June. 

In turn, Basque Solidarity 
may take votes away from the 
extreme left-wing Basque 
Nationalist Popular Unity co- 
alition, and the political wing 
of ETA, This formation is 
burdened by the Basque 
armed separatist movement’s 
growing unpopularity since it 
killed one of its former women 

It is an open secret in the 
Basque country that the 
Socialists are uneasy, despite 
their campaign talk about 
winning on November 30, 
since they could be faced by 
yet more ETA violence and 
the PNV leading the opposi- 
tion in parliament 

No worry 
on Vanunii 
by Shamir 

From Ian Murray 

The Israeli Cabinet heard a 
secret report yesterday from 
Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Prime Minister, on the latest 
developments in the case 
Mr Mordecfaai Vanunn, the 
nodear terimirfuB who told 
The Sunday Tima that Israel 
has its own endear arsenal. 

Although his report is 
confidential, it is certain the 
Prime Minister fold his Cabi- 
net he was confident Britain 
had no more questions aboal 
how Mr Vammn got from 
London to an Israeli prison. 

Israel has told the Foreign 
Office that nothing illegal was 
done to persuade Mr Van min 
to leave Britain and Mr Sha- 
mir is sure this shoald satisfy 
British cariosity. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the For- 
eign Minster, coaid have dis- 
cussed the affair when he met 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher fu 
Washington at tile weekend. 
He wooU have been able to teQ 
her if, as claimed by The 
Sunday Tima this wed, Mr 
Vammn was hired out of Bri- 
tain by a blonde Mossad secret 
agent called Cindy. 

Mr Vammu’s lawyer, Mr 
Amnou Zkhroni, has flown to 
Britain to collect evidence for 
the defence. He expects to see 
witnesses in London today, in- 
cluding Sunday Tima staff, 
and to talk to politicians. He 
wOl fly straight bock to Israel 
because Mr Vammn is likely 
to be charged with espionage 
within a few days. 

Mr Zichroni is also consid- 
ering taking legal a c f? 
against Israel Television for 
broadcasting part of Mr Vann- 
nn's private diary for the years 
between 1982 and 1984. In it 
he recorded his thoughts on 
women, his family, religion 
and Us finanrea. 

Mr Honan Azra, the report- 
er who found the diary, said it 
showed “an uncommunicative 
and lonely man who is seeking 
a way of life, a man who has a 
strong urge to prove himself”. 
However, Mr Zkhjroni said 
the diary was published with- 
out permission and could prej- 
udice Mr Vammn’s case. 

Justifying the broadcast, 
Mr Uri Font, the Israel 
Broadcasting Authority's 
Director-General, said Mr 
Vaauna “is not in the realm of 
those with the right to privacy 
any more ... the public has a 
right to know anything that 
mu Qfmninate Vanann’s mot- 

Laos makes overtures 
to America and China 

- From NeO Kelly, Bangkok 
Kays one Phomivan, the relations with 

Prime Minister of Laos, said 
on Saturday that, while keep- 
ing a staunch friendship with 
the Soviet Union ana Viet- 
nam, the country needed 
friendlier ties with the United 
States, China and Thailand. 

It has become dear that 
Laos is anxious to put its 


The Connotaeur GaOay 
14-15 Hdkin Aiade 
TELEPHONE 01-245 6431 

China and 
Thailand on a more cordial 
basis, but the Government has 
said little about its diplomatic 
approaches to Peking. 

Mr Pham Van Dong, the 
Vietnamese Prime Minister, 
said a pro-Vietnam govern- 
ment in Laos was essential for 
the stability and development 
of both countries. He said 
Vietnam, would always defend 
the “special links of militant 
solidarity, brotherly friend- 
ship and total co-operation” 

He said a friendly Cam- 
bodia was also vital to Viet- 
nam. Western intelligence 
estimates that Vietnam has 
about 150,000 troops in Cam- 
bodia and 40.000 in Laos. 

EEC farm chiefs warning 
on food surplus crisis 

As EEC farm and finance 
ministers prepare for today’s 
critical talks in Brussels on 
form cutbacks, Mr Frans 
Andriessen. the EEC Agri- 
culture Commissioner, has 
warned the ministers to “get a 
grip” on the problem of EEC 
food surpluses before the crisis 
gets out of hand. 

In an interview with The 
Tima, Mr Andriessen called 
on national ministers of the 
Twelve to take decisions from 
an overall EEC point of view 
rather than narrow national 
interests, with the runaway 
surpluses in the dairy sector as 
the most urgent priority. 

“I hope the ministers will 
take their part of the 
responsibility and do what is 
necessary”, Mr Andriessen 
said in his office on the top 
floor of the Berlaymont, the 
Commission's headquarters 
in Brussels. “We shall have to 
take comprehensive measures 
on the common agricultural 
policy at the end of this year 
and for the new campaign on 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

cut one-tenth of EEC milk 
production over two years. If 
adopted, the parfragp would 
put many dairy farmers out of 
business or force them to 
switch to other products. 

Mr Andriessen, who is 
Dutch and has been Agri- 
culture Commissioner for 
nearly two years - the period 
during which surpluses have 
rocketed — concedes that even 
the Commission's measures 
might be insufficient to meet 
the problem, let alone to solve 
the immediate budgetary 
overrun, which seems bound 
to cause a supplementary 
budget of over £2 billion this 

Yet even at the eleventh 
hour, he predicts, there wOl be 

i I hope that 
ministers will do 
what is necessary 9 

entrenched opposition from 
form ministers, as there was in 
_ October when the Commis- 

fann prices next spring. The sj 0II pu t forward its first 
Commission will put forward emergency dairy sector pack- 
detailed reform measures “by ^ Thelatest CommSon 

the end of the year”, possibly 
before the EEC summit in 
London in 7>h weeks to mark 
the closing stages of the British 
presidency of the Council of 

Last week the European 
Parliament and the Commis- 
sion both put political pres- 
sures on the ministers by 
producing radical proposals to 
cut milk surpluses. The Par- 
liament demanded a 5 per 
cent quota cut on top of the 
existing 3 per cent cut, to- 
gether with a special EEC fund 
for disposal of stocks. 

The Commission’s pro- 
posals, which will be on the 
table whoa the farm ministers 
gather today under the 
chairmanship of Mr Michael 
Jopling, the Minister of Agri- 
culture, amount to an even 
harsher package designed to 

plan includes total milk quota 
cuts of 6 per cent and stiff 
penalties for over-production. 

Mr Andriessen said that in 
all areas of over-production — 
dairy products, beef and cere- 
als — the common agricultural 
policy would have to be 
reformed through a three- 
ponged approach bound to 
infuriate the once dominant 
form lobby: restrictive price 
policies, penalties obliging 
fanners to share the resp- 
onsibility for cutting back, and 
less use of the intervention 
system under which surpluses 
are automatically bought into 
EEC stores. 

Mr Andriessen said the 
Commission had sounded the 
alarm bells about the dairy 
surpluses as long as five years 
ago but only recently had 

limited action been taken, 
with a 3 per cent quota cut It 
was already inadequate. 

Mr Andriessen dismissed 
suggestions that some of the 
batter mountain, which cur- 
rently stands at life million 
tonnes, might be dumped in 
the sea as a desperate measure. 
This would only add to the 
pollution of EEC waters, he 
observed drily. But 200,000 
tonnes of butter in EEC stores 
was over two years old and 
80,000 tonnes was over three 
years old. 

"The best outlet is the social 
butler scheme for the elderly 
and needy in Europe which I 
proposed a year ago,” Mr 
Andriessen said. *Cheap but- 
ter for our own citizens would 
surely evoke sympathy among 
consumers. I amply do not 
understand why the ministers 
are blocking what would un- 
doubtedly be a popular 

Mr Andriessen denied that 
“social butter" would under- 
cut commercial butter sales, 
the argument usually ad- 
vanced against the scheme. He 
also denied that the Commis- 
sion was using accounting 
devices to disguise the true 
scale of the problem of storing 

• Devaluation calls: In addi- 
tion to the growing crisis of 
over-production in the form- 
ing industry, and the increas- 
ing clamour for effective 
action to curb surpluses, the 
meeting of EEC form min- 
isters will be obliged at some 
stage to turn from broader 
issues to short-term intra- 
Comm unity squabbles; nota- 
bly requests by Britain and 
France to devalue their green 
currencies. _ which the 
Commission is resisting, and 
France’s demand for a tax on 
British lamb exports which it 
says are too cheap (Our Agri- 
cultural Correspondent 

Spy case 
a fresh 

From Stephen Taylor 

The Australian Security 
Cabinet’s decision last week 
♦hat publication of Mr Peter 
Wright's MI5 manuscript 
should be stopped if possible, 
because it could compromise 
Australia’s intelligence opera- 
tions, was a major develop- 
ment in the case. 

- Hitherto, national sensitiv- 
ity was a factor which, how- 
ever subtly, -made Whitehall's 
position all the more awk- 
ward. Here, after all, was a 
British Government standing 
up in an Australian court, 
saying that an Australian com- 
pany should not be allowed to 
publish a book written by a 
man who, to 1 all intents and 
purposes, is now- an Austra- 

The feet that the Hawke 
Government has decided to 
bade that argument and has 
filed a supporting affidavit 
relieves some of the load on 
Britain, as well as widening 
the scope of the legal debate; 

It is more than 14 months 
since Mr Wright and the Aust- 
ralian branch of the Heine- 
mann Publishing Company 
were served with temporary 
injunctions by the British 
Government not to disclose 
the contents of the book, 
which alleges that Sir Roger 
Hollis, former head of MI5, 
was a Soviet double agent, and 
to give details of illegal M15 

Numerous hearings during 
the past year in the New South 
Wales Supreme Court have 
mainl y involved a legal wran- 
gle over confidential docu- 
ments, which was resolved 
last Friday when Mr Justice 
Powell, tire judge who is to 
hear the case, made some 
scathing remarks about what 
he termed the “serpentine 
weavings” of the British Gov- 
ernment before ordering that 
the papers be handed up this 

His order is to be the subject 
of an appeal today when the 
Government will also seek an 
adjournment of the iqjunction 
hearing, at which Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, is to be its main wit- 

The Wright-Heinemann 
side is fearful of an adjourn- 
ment. It is argued that if it is 
granted Sir Robert, who has 
flown out to give evidence this 
week, will return to London, 
and that it might not be poss- 
ible to schedule a new hearing 
before next year. 

Mr Justice Powell noted on 
Friday that if that happens Mr 
Wright, who is aged 71 and in 
in health, might die before the 
case starts. 

The Hawke Government’s 
decision, after giving an un- 
dertaking last year that it 
would not interfere, is cause 
fix' embarrassment in two res- 

The first was the manner it 
was disclosed, through a leak 
to the press. A body like the 
Security Cabinet - which con- 
sists of the Prime Minister and 
five senior ministers — should 
not teak at any time. 

Secondly, the decision 
makes it appear that Mr 
Hawke has submitted to pres- 
sure from Mrs Thatcher, with 
whom be would rather appear 
to be at odds as, for example, 
over the issue of sanctions 
against South Africa; 

It does not help that Mr 
Wright’s counsel plans to call 
as a witness Mr Gough Whit- 
lam, the former Prime Minis- 
ter who, li years after his dis- 
missal in a constitutional ap- 
peal, remains the hero of the 
Labor Party left wing, with 
which Mr Hawke is increas- 
ingly at odds. 

Mr Whitlam has no fond- 
ness for intelligence organiza- 
tions, having supposedly been 
the target of a CIA plot when 
he was in power. 

Ainus seek to end 
second-class role 
in Japan’s society 

The Prime Ministers con* 
tendon that Japan is a mono- 
radal society does not much 
' impress Mrs Miefeo Gukap- 
She is Ainu and determined 
that sooner or later she and 
her people will be recognized 
as an integral but different 
element in Japanese society, 
muc h as Aborigines are in 

“Oar bfwy is different, 
our and h abits are 

different, our way of looking at 
thing s is different, oar values 
are different; everything we 
have differs from Japanese 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

ety. They may face no diffi- 
culties yoinj into university, 
but once they start to look fora 

So when Mr Yasahiro 
Nakasone got op in Par- 
liament and said: “I may even 
have a rich infusion <af Aina 
blood myself, it ms almost as 
in-cubing to the Ainu as his 
comments about the presence 
of Macks, Mexicans and 
Puerto Piwma l owe r ing av- 

The Prime Munster, the 
Ainu believe, was trying to 
trade on the fact that there are 
some physical similarities be- 
tween the Alan of Japan's far 
north and the people of semi- 
tropical Okinawa in the sooth, 
where the Nakasone family 
name originates. "It was a 
stupid, ndkuloos thin g to 
say, 1 * Mrs Chikap says. 

Mrs Chikap, though mar- 
ried to a Japanese, Bkes to ase 
her Ainu name. She. looks 
much tike any other young 
lady in Tokyo, except that her 
features are slightly more 
heavy and dark than her 
Japanese sisters. 

It is this immediate physical 
difference which gives rise to 
foe widespread prejudice that 
Ainus suffer even today. At 
school she suffered taunts as a 
black native. Today, tiring in 
Tokyo, the prejudice is much 
more subtle bat none the less 

Many Ainu prefer to hide 
their origins if they can. There 
are thought to be about .400 
Ainu fanritiM in Tokyo, but 
tibe true figure nationally is 
difficult to calculate because of 
the mnriUmgness of many 
Aura to be identified as sock, 
and foe number of part-Ainu 

“My people' cannot conceal 
the feet that they are Auras. I 
can't escape the prejudice, so I 
prefer to bee it,” says Mrs 

For most it amply means 
that they cannot enter the 
mainstream of Japanese sod- 

“Just from year appearance 
they won't give yon a job,” 
says Mrs Cfeifeap. “hi Tokyo 
we feel like foreigners- They 
ask if we can speak Japanese 
or if you are. pare or mixed 
Ainu. And when they see 
Inside the apartment they are 
surprised that there is a 

Most of the jobs open to the 
men are as day or seasonal 
labourers or factory workers. 
In Tokyo the Ahm five all over 
the city, with concentrations in 
the Sanya area where most of 
the city's down-and-outs live. 

In Hokkaido they are stiff 
concentrated around some of 
the areas to which they were 
confined in the 1860s, except 
that now their occupation is as 
tom-ist curiosities for these 
lucky, or unlucky, enough to 
be sufficiently full-blooded to 
be recognized as the ge n ui ne 

Originally Inhabiting the 
north isfaesd of Hokkaido and 
the northern parts of the main 
fofemi of Honshu, as weD as 
southern Sakhalin and the 
Kuriles, foe Ainu are by now 
officially assimilated trader a 
policy started in 1868 at the 
time of the Meqi Res toratio n, 
when Japan became a modem 
state. That replaced the sys- 
tem of apartheid under which 
the Japanese settling then 1 
areas dealt with the Amu only 
through trading posts. 

The Ainu then were mainly 
fishermen, tiring on fish and 
wild plant*. The asshnilatiaa 
policy forced them Into agri- 
culture, which was alien to 
their way of fife. Though 
feud to cultivate by the 
relatively few of 
them made a go of it and their 
population rapidly deefined. 

The Amu encapsulate some 
of the qualities which the 
Japanese claim for them- 
selves, including a love of 
nature and an aMfity to Mend 
in with it rather than exploit it. 

The best the Aumcan hope 
for is die beghmings of a 
recognition of their separate 
identity within Japanese soci- 
ety and the retur n to than of 
some of the most prized arte- 
facts and examples of their 
culture, now spread in nmner- 
ous mus e um s throughout Ja- 
pan as though tiie Ainu were 
merely an historic, academic 

Ranks of 
army swell 

From Robert Grieves 
The ancient terrac o tta army 
that the Queen inspected dur- 
ing her tour of China last 
month has gained many re- 
cruits thanks to newly un- 
earthed warriors. 

The New China News 
Agency reported at the week- 
end that since April 1,100 
more of the lifesize figures, 
which make op the ritual 
guard of the tomb of the 
Emperor Qin Shihuang (259- 
210 BQ, have been found at 
the site near the city ofXian in 
Shaanxi province. 

From 1971 to 1981, 1,087 of 
the military figures were ex- 
cavated near .Qin Shthuang's 
burial ground. 

The agency reported that 44 
day horses and 11 wooden 
chariots, as well as halberds, 
swords, spears, drums and 
gongs, have also been found at 
the site recently. 

Chinese archaeologists be- 
lieve that the emperor’s army 
consists of some 8,000 terra- 
cotta infantrymen anti cavalry 
in three pits. 

The emperor’s tomb itself 
now covered by an orchard, 
has yet to be excavated. 

Basle students perform ‘requiem 9 for the Rhine 

From Alan McGregor, Geneva 

A “requiem for the dead 
Rhine”, played by Basle 
conservatory s tud ents dressed 
in black, was the high point of 
weekend protest demonstra- 
tions at the “ecologically 
catastrophic” chemical pollu- 
tion of West Europe’s largest 

Using both classical and 
modern instruments, they per- 
formed it as a funeral march 

A child marching in a Bade 
anti-pollution rally. 

on the main city centre bridge. 
Police were on the alert and 
reported minor damage as 
demonstrators paraded in the 

Many children and their 
parents were in the crowd 
assembled outside the Sartdoz 
{riant at Murtenz, where 
chemicals drained into the 
Rhine during a foe there two 
weeks ago. 

They acclaimed a resolution 
asking for stricter measures to 
protect the environment. 

After divers had inspected 
the river bed between the 
Sandoz plant and the down- 
stream Birsfelden dam, Mr 
Heinz Peter, head of the Baste 
Canton Environment Protec- 
tion Office, said it seemed the 
chemical residues deposited 
on the bottom were more than 
was expected. 

These included mercury 
compounds. Mr Peter said 
dredging of the riverbed over 
the next few days would 
provide a precise estimate of 
their extent and toxicity. 

The Basle authorities have 
greeted with relief the news of 
the emergency measures far- 
ther down the Rhine being 
relaxed with the resumption 
of pumping from the river by 
water purification plants. 

Sandoz declined to partici- 
pate in a Swiss television 

Basle students, protesting at chemical potintion of the Rhine, play a requiem for the 

Voicing “utmost concern” Part-time officers of the 
the Swiss Federation for Fish- Swiss Army’s Fourth Cons, 
mg and Pisaculture said: “It is which begins autumn man- 
dreadful to think this h*? 
happened 14 years after die 
second law on protection of 
rivers and lakes ”*" 1 * into 

round table debate yesterday. 
’This type of discussion is 
premature,” Mr Edgar fosd, 
of Sandoz; said. “We are not 

taking part in a general debate 

at a moment when the war 
against this ecological catas- 
trophe has still not been won.” 



oeuvres today involving 
40,000 men, received feke 
“arching orders to report to 
the Sandoz works to help to 
dear the fire site. 

Navy joins 
search for 

Paris (Reuter) — A French 
naval ship set off yesterday to 
join tiie search fin- the record- 
breaking French yachtsman, 
Loic Caradec, whose cata- 
maran Royale was found 
overturned m the Atlantic yes- 

Caradec had been leading 
the transatlantic Route du 
Rhum race from St Malo in 
Brittany to Guadeloupe in the 
Caribbean when he lost con- 
tact on Wednesday night 

Bad weather has forced 10 
competitors to quit the race so 
far, including France's best 
known sailor, Eric Tabariy. . 

Organizers hope the ship 
will be able to send a diver 
down today to see if Caradec is 
trapped in either of the 
Royale's hulls, which are 
equipped with survival com- 

bomb blast 

Hektelbeig (Reuter) — A 
bomb exploded at an EBM 
computer research centre in 
Heidelberg early 1 yesterday, 
shattering the glass of 
the building, but causing no 

West German radio re- 
ported that a tetter dawning 
responsibility was found near 
the scene, saying the .attack 
was the work of a “co mmando 

Rapist hanged 

Tunis (AFP) — Hedi ben 
Mohammed Othman was 
hanged yesterday for raping a 
Belgian tourist, the second 
execution Since the maximum 
penalty for rape with lHotenoe 
was increased last year from 
20 years’ hard labour to death. 

Vacant seat 

Singapore (AFP) — Mr 
Chiam See Tong, the leader of 
the opposition Singapore De- 
mocratic Party, has called on 
the Government to hold a by- 
election for the seat vacated by 
the imprisoned Workers' 
Party MP, Mr J B Jeyaretnam. 

Feeling fine. 

Rancho Mirage, California 
(AP) — Frank Sinatra, aged 70. 
walked the corridors and 

Medical Centre a 
week after undeisoing emer- 
gency intestinal surgery. 

Bell tolls 

Peking (AFP) — A provin- 
cial official has been jailed for 
four years for ordering the 
torture of 17 villagers whom 
he suspectedof stealing h piece 
from his taevde belL ! 


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already, you can do so now by phoning and in the national press. 

Rapist,^ 0272 272 272 or by filling in the coupon If you want to apply for a share of 

• today the shares, now is the time to get your 

Alternatively prospectuses and appli- money ready. >. 

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Step nearer to ending 
Sri Lanka dispute 

as Tamils join talks 

From Oa Sooth Asia Correspondent, Bangalore 

India and Sri Lanka yes- 
terday moved closer to a 
settlement of the ethnic crisis 
caused by the Tamil separatist 
insurgency in the island 

Alter an airport meeting 
when Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, wel- 
comed President Jayewardene 
of Sri Lanka to the summit 
meeting of the South Asian 
i.- Association for Regional Co- 
-operation (Saarc), an effort to 
-persuade the Sri Lankans to 
-yield more in their proposals 
*10 the Tamil population went 
'into high gear as militant 
■-’ Tamil organizations based in 
-India finally decided to join 

» The aim, both Indian and 
"Sri Lankan officials agree, is to 
“press the Sri lankan Govern- 
ment to offer an intrinsic link 
--between the provincial coun- 
,’cils at present proposed sepa- 
rately for the north and east of 
-the island. Aside from this, the 
. aim is to convince it that, if it 
has more to offer, it sboulddo 
jso now in order to help bring 
the Tamil militants to the 
’-negotiating table, rather than 
at some unspecified future 

cussed involves the separation 
of two districts from the 
Eastern province and part of 
Trincomalee. Amparai district 
would be treated totally 

The Indians are not in the 
least convinced by this. They 
have in any case seen the maps 
before, and they have a num- 
ber of territories within the 
Indian Union which are them- 
selves made up of dis- 
connected enclaves: Goa is 
organizationally a unit with 
two enclaves away on the 
border with Gujarat which 
also used to be Portuguese 
territory, Daman and Diu. 

Sri Imtfcan security forces 
have kfikd seven sospected' 
Tamil separatist guerrillas in 
fighting in nertfaero and east- 
ern Sri T antra, the official 
media said yesterday (AFP 
reports from Colombo). Foot 
troops were wounded when a 
separatist landmine exploded. 

* Mr Jayewardene, trying to 
convince the Indians of the 

inadvisability of the proposed 
linkag e (which until recently 
the Indians themselves bad 
been advising him not to 
■ offer), brought maps with him 
showing how the presence of 
-si gnifican t Sinhal ese and Mus- 
lim populations made the two 
provinces discontiguous. 

Plainly Mr Jayewardene 
cannot agree to full regional 
integration, but one of the 
ideas at present being dis- 

Some members of the Tamil 
United Liberation Front 
(TULF), the political voice of 
more moderate opinion, have 
been to visit Pondicherry, a 
Union territory enclosed by 
Tamil Nadn which also has 
separate, discontinuous ad- 

The talks, which began over 
lunch in the VIP suite at the 
airport, were continued yes- 

terday by officials in Ban- 
galore. The Chief Minister of 

galore. The Chief Minister of 
Tamil Nadn, Mr M.G. Ram- 
achan dran , joined the talks 
later. He brought with him 
news that the most significant 
militan t organization, the Lib- 
eration Tigers ofTamil Eelam, 
have agreed to join in the 

talks, provided some kind of 
Tfniragp is granted. This is an 

im po rt ant step forward. 

As Indo-Sri Lankan bi- 
lateral affitirs dominated what 
was after all supposed to be a 
multilateral occasion, the Sri 
l jwilean leader yesterday also 
stole die show in the formal 
inaugural session of the sum- 
mit meeting with a remark- 
able deviation from his 
printed text. He turned to the 
young Indian Prime Minister 
and, addressing him more or 
less directly, gave a moving 
plea for understanding of his 

In feet, addressing a live 
nationwide television audi- 
ence throughput India , hh 
own country and the other 
Saarc nations. Mr Jaye- 
wardcue recalled his meetings 
with Pandit Nehru, Mr 
Gandhi’s grandfather in the 
1930s — “at the start of your 
great movement” - and 
the 1940s. “I know,” he said, 
“that violence breeds hatred. 
Hatred cannot be cured by 
violence, but by non-violence, 
by love.” 

But be added: “I do not 
know how to stop it It 
achieves nothing.” 

Some Indian observers were 
angry at Mr Jayewardene for 
twang the multilateral forum 
tO his appeal, and aim 
for appearing to patronize Mr 
fiandhi- Others recalled the 
last Saarc summit, when the 
Sri Lankan leader also startled 
the meeting by appealing for 
leadership from Mr Gandhi. 

In any case, as one senior 
Indian official put it: “How 
can you deny the elder states- 
man of Saarc the right to say 
what he likes.” 

Aquino aid 
deal put 

at risk by 

From Keith Dalton 


President Corazon Aq- 
uino’s Government, bracing 
itself for a general strike in 
protest at tbc murder. of the 
Philippines’ Heading trade 
unionist, Mr Rolando Oiaha, 
yesterday faced a new crisis 
with the kidnapping of a 

Rescue workers searching for survivors 
under the rains of the three-storey Hua 
Yang market, in a Taipei suburb, which 
collapsed after Saturday’s two earth- 
quakes in Taiwan. Some of the 90 people 
who lived in makeshift dormitories over 
the market were trapped in the nibble 
(Renter reports from Taipei). 

Taipei police said 10 bodies, most of 
them of children and old people, had been 

recovered from the market. They added 
that most people were accounted for, bat 
reared that more bodies could still be 
found under the ruins. 

The tremors, which killed at least 12 
people and injured another 40 in the 
country, also triggered landslips and cut 
roads and a railway line in the east 

Damage from the earthquakes register- 

ing between two and 6.8 on the 
scale, raised questions about the safety 
standards of the island’s buildings, and 
provoked anxious queries about safety 
inspection procedures. 

Taipei residents are toed to tremors 
which frequently shake the city and open 
cracks in buildings, but the weekend 
MrthqiiHiras, among the worst in living 
memory, caused widespread panic. 

dia’s seedbed of revolution 

Caste war fuels the class struggle 

Herzog’s Asia trip 

angers Muslims 

Babies wed 
to end 

Bihar has become a byword 
corruption and violence. In the 
first of two articles, Michael 
Handy, n reports from Patna on 
a caste war which is generating 
revolutionary unrest. 

In villages on the densely 
populated alhivial plain of the 
holy River Ganges In Bihar, an 
aimed insurrection is being 
carried ou by groups of Maoist 

Comnumist rebels. 

From M. G. G. Pflbii, Koala Lumpur 

- An official viat by Presi- 
dent Chaim Herzog of Israel 
‘to Singapore this week has 
.aroused anger and resentment 
-among the Muslim countries 
of the region. 

* Israeli presence in South- 
East Asia, low-key though it is, 
has long troubled M uslim - 
nations. In the pest two de- 
,cades Israel has quietly estab- 
lished diplomatic missions in 
.T hailand, Singapore and the 

• All three are members of the 
Association of South-East 
Asian Nations. Asean’s three 
other member states — Malay- 
sia, Indonesia and Brunei — 
are Muslim countries with no 
links at any level with Israel 

The Israeli President was to 
have visited the Philippines, 
too, but the trip was called off 
because of the uncertain 
situation in the country after 
the murder of a ten-wing 
union leader last week. 

President Herzog’s visit to 
".Singapore has stirred Muslim 

and other anti-Zionist groups 
in Malaysia and Indonesia 
into action. The ambassadors 
of Arab countries in Kuala 
Lumpur have voiced their 
regrets, and the Malaysian 
Government has withdrawn 
its High Commissioner in 

Meanwhile, a curious co- 
alition of pressure groups, 
including fundamentalist 
Muslims and left-wing poli- 
ticians, is planning a series of 
protest rallies in Malaysia. 

The Singaporean authori- 
ties are not lairing any chances 
over the visit. Security is tighL 

Israel-Singapore relations 
have Improved steadily over 
the past two decades. When : 
Singapore set up its Army 
after independence in 196S, it 
called on Israel for help to 
train it 

Financial links and trade 
have improved, and Singap- 
ore’s aims industry has been 
producing modified versions 
of Israeli weapons. 

family feud 

From Ahmed Fad 

An U-month-okl boy was 
married to a three-month-old 
girl in northern Bangladesh to 
end a 20-year feud between 
two families over a disputed, 
farm, the government-con- 
trolled daily Dautik Bangia 
reported yesterday. 

It said tire marriage, at- 
tended by more than 1,000 
people, took place in Aminpur 
village, in Pabna district about 
200 miles from Dhaka, mi 

The village headman de- 
rided to tie tire two feuding 
families in marital bonds after 
he failed to end the dispute. 

Child marriage, an old cus- 
tom in Bangladesh villages, is 
punishable under a new law, 
but social welfare officials 
admit that it is still prevalent 

Bangladesh has set 22 years 
as the legal age for maniage 
for men and 18 for women to 
discourage early marriages. 

The state is tire second most 
populous and arguably the 
most corrupt in India. The 
villages are among the poorest 
in Hie world. 

The rebels are known by tire 
general terra NaxaKtes, after 
another anned left-wing upris- 
ing which began 10 years ago 
in NaxaUan, a village is 
neighbouring West Bengal 
They are also called the Inf 
Sura or Red Army. 

Their most dramatic recent 
coup occurred last month 
when a hand of gunmen, owing 
allegiance to a group calling 
itself tire Maoist Com m u ni st 
Centre (MCC), entered the 
village of Dfaannia, in Bhojpa 
distrkt, and kflkd 11 mem- 
bers of the land-owning Rajput 
caste. They cut off there 
victims’ heads with sickles. 
The dead included five women, 
two of them teenagers. 

Although the were 

carried oat by a group with 
NavaBte credentials and were 
presented in a revolutionary 
guise, they were also an in- 
cident of an old-fashioned 
caste war which is proving a 
fertile ground for the growth of 
revolutionary sentiments. 

Bihar’s rural society fa 
marked by profooid hostility 
between the castes. The apper- 

caste Brahmins. Rajputs and 
Bboonrihars (respectively de- 
scended from the priests, war- 
riors and landlords of fo r me r 
times) quarrel with each other 
and with the backward castes 
of agriculturalists — die 
Karims, Yadavs and Koeris. 
These, in turn, fall out with 
each other and with 200 or so 
other minor backward castes. 
They all tom on the Harfians, 
the landless labourers a ud 
sweepers, who were once 
aatouchable, and in some re- 
mote villages stm are, and 
whom Mahatma Gandhi cal- 
led “God’s people”. 

Tire Dharuria farideut was a 

reven g e killing for the 

of seven backward caste mem- 




The troubled 
state of Bihar 


bexs at the hands of a Bagrat 
gang in Farasdih, in Sep- 

handful of bodyguards (no big, 
or even middle-sized, squire 
goes u np rotected) to fain a 
seriously threatening 

These landlord armies are 
caste-based. The Rajputs, far 
example, call theirs the Suer 
Sena, after Stash, a 

Rajput hero of the 1857 Mu- 
tfay. The Kurmfa call theirs 
the Bhoomi Sena, the Land 

The police have not been 
notably effective in combating 
either of the parties to the 

anioa at 7 Vi pidfemea for 
every 1(M)00 inhabfcmts of the 
state. Mote major states have 
around 10 policemen far every 
10,060 people. 

The Chief Minister seems 
to be a touch complacent about 
the law-and-order situation in 
his state. 

“By and large,” he said in 
the pwmdlud ratal of hfa office 
tore, “the situation in Bihar is 
satisfactory from the point of 
view of bw and order. There is 
mnrta talk about the distur- 
bances, bat in fact that is not 

so. Bihar is peaceful, except In 

a few pockets.” 

However, Mr Dubey fa con- 
scious that something needs to 
be done to control those “few 

conflict They are ho any case 
widely regarded as a tool of the 

With such social tensions 
among tire poor fanners 
scratching for a living in 
Bihar’s soil, slights, real or 
imaipned, competition for land 
ow nership , and .even »™l 
harassment can rapidly turn 
violent AH tint the Naiafites 
have to do is to «■!»■— i that 

To defend themselves ag- 
ainst what one observer de- 
scribed this “natoral wild 
urge”, the upper castes have 
formed their own armies, 
small bands of tightly-knit 
professionals with sophisti- 
cated weapons which can com- 
bine with the hedfads’ own 

widely regarded as a tool of the 
upper castes in the oppression 
«f the Iowa. Fefice recruit- 
ment fa said to be tagefy from 
tire Rajput and Bhoomfliar 
castes. One official pointed out 
that, though there fa a policy of 
positive di sc r imi nation in fin 
▼our of the Harijans and 
trihals to state employment 
with 23 pa cent of posts 
resaved fire them, only 1 per 
cent of the police force comes 
from these classes. 

In any case, the poflee-to- 
popalation ratio is, as was 
pointed out by Mr Bfade- 
sbwari Dubey, the Chief Min- 
ister, lower in Bihar than in 
any other state of tire Indian 

“So far as tire Government 
is concerned,” he said, “we 
have tedded to cob the 
violent activities p er petr a ted 
by any section of society, and 
for tint we have strengthened 
the kw-mtd-oriler madeirery. 
We have also gone for speedy 
development and land re- 

Mr Nobuyuki Wakacyz, 
aged 53, general manager of 
the Mitsuicompany’s Manila 
office, was seized on Saturday 
afternoon by five heavily- 
armed men who stopped Iris 
car as he was re tu r nin g to 
Manila from a sports dub. 30 
miles sooth of the dty. 

No one has respon- 

sibility for the kidnapping. 
Bud no ransom demand has 
been received for the safe 
return of Mr Wakaoji, whose 
abduction two days after Mrs 
Aquino returned from Tokyo 
could jeopardize new Japa- 
nese aid and investment 
commitments she received. 

Mr Ofaha’s badly mutilated 
body was (bond on the day 
Mrs Aquino arrived back in 
the Philippines from ha four- 
day virit to Japan, raising 
speculation of a concerted 
attempt to destabilize the 
Aquino Government 

Both cases were discossed in 
an emergency two-hour meet- 
ing which Mrs Aquino held 
with about 20 senior govern- 
ment and militar y officials, 
but her spokesman refused to 
say whether a possible link 
was seen between the inci- 

“The moment I talk about 
im plicati ons of the kidnap- 
ping coming right after the 
Olalia murder, I might be 
skating on thin ice,” the pres- 
idential spokesman, Mr Teo- 
doto Beojgno, slid 

About 2,000 students and 
workers held a rally in Manila 
yesterday to denounce the 
Olalia murder several hours 
after Mrs Aquino told 15,000 
supporters at a separate rally 
that she would “lead a war” 

a gain vt ibices ttiHaiwiing llST 

mght-month-old Govern- 

“I want to be known as a 
leader fire peace, but if there is 
no other choice I am ready to 
laid a war ” she said. 

The 650,000-strong May ! 
Movement, which Mr Olalia 
fed, is spearheading the gen- 
eral strike in Manila and some 
provincial capitals. 

Police nunbero are being 
increased aad sew eqmpmeut, 
especially transport and rad»- 
comm unications, is being 
bought. ' 

But Mr Dtdwy fa probably 

in d u l ging fa wis hful Hi'mHng 

when he says: "The sense of 
tosecoity which has crept into 
the peace-Iovfag people of that 
area is being speedily re- 
moved. When they fed that 
the adnmnstrattou and police 
are making efforts to coaster 
the violent activities, they are 
moralized and also embold- 
ened to get oat of the dutches 
of the e xtr e mi s ts .” 

Tomorrow, the coal Mafia 

7 ; ; 

Mr Wakaoji: seized by five 
armed men near Manila 


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Biggest battle of the literary season 

Britain gets politely exdted about the Booker Prize, but in Paris even 
the pbS«? are likely to be turning out, to stop the literati throwing 
patisserie, for today’s announcement of the Goncourt winner 


f titenfy prizes there 
appears to be no end. 
Blit, while we in Britain 

in promising form 

On Saturday Pat Phoenix 
sang her posthumous swan- 
song as the bedridden Nellie in 
Unnatural Causes (Central); 
and Last night Dennis Potter 
introduced his bedridden after 
ego Philip Marlow in The 
Singing Detective (BBC1). 

| television" 

In terms of musical taste, 
Philip had the edge over 
Nellie: he did not, for instance, 
sit up against the pillows in 
garish flounces and ring 
“You'll Never Walk Alone” 
(an event which will surely 
have seen off mountains of 
Kleenex). Stretched out in the 
Sherpa Teasing Ward with his 
body spattered with what 
looked like royal king, Mi- 
chael Gambon supplied the 
single most arresting image of 
the autumn's viewing, and, 
with his beleaguered acerbity, 
some of the fimniest dialogue. 
“Think of something, very 
boring”, he urged himself as 
Joanne Whafley’b plastic- 
gloved hands produced a dffli- 
cally redundant effect on his 
person. “Think Of a speed by 
Ted Heath, T * sentence by 
Bernard Levin, The Gnardutu 
Women's Ppg£*t ■ 

; Laughing to keQt from &y- 
ing is one way of coping with 
chronic medial wndttiSB rich 
as psoriasis; another ta to 
bathe in the soap off nostalgia, 
the discoverable country 
which Mr Potter obsessively 
plunders. It is interesting to. 
read in Radio Times that he 
now considers the m usi cal 
sequences in Peonies from 
Heaven to have been overdone. 
The earlier work did indeed 
have an awful lot of them, bat 
then - since AejrfrovMed the 



Swingin’ on Tenth 

Festival Hall : 

With the fiftieth anniversary 
of George Gershwin's death 
looming, we can presumably 
expect many more foggy trib- 
utes in London Town like this. 
STWonderfiil it weren't, at 
least not until the evening’s 
star, Georgie Fame, got into 
his stride. 

Before that, however, a six- 



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sahstanoe of the ■ hem’s 
preoccupations — they were 
always dramatically appro- 
priate. Last slight's fantasy 
sequence in which the medical 
staff rendered “Dem Bones”, 
complete with glamorous 
chorus line ami xylophone- 
skeletnns, was vmy prettily 
achieved, but did not seem to 
add much to what we are 
leaning about Mariow — let 
alone farther the plot. It was 
also tinfoiln ate tbit it 
brought to mind the same song 
used to rimflar purpose, to the 
feature film The Rating Gass, 
which I have always believed 
to be Mr Potter’s original 
source for the device. 

As to the rest oi Tke Singing 
Detective , It is etegantiy 
filmed, acted wfth the requisite 
heightened natuniKsni, and 
decorated with same very 
toothsome giris, one of whom 
keeps getting fished oat of the 
Thames. Mr Potter is an arch 
mampniafcw and one trusts 
that the inpuSents at h»- 
disposal are to fact going to 
add ap to something subs- 
tantial. ; 

Fallowing mi the same chan- 
nel, there were less engaging 
disruptions of reality: to. The 
Beyond Within, the first part 
of an Ev er yman report on the 
eoi&sffd'- history^ of: • LSD. ~ 
.Those who have actanUy token 
flS'im might have warned 
the producers of this qtover- 
ingly earnest pro^tamme flat 
toe psycbedeBc experience Is' 

not. to he conveyed by dbtwt- 
tog lenses and silly special 
effects. The ineffable fs. fay 
definition beyond ex pression, 
and what strfe-g quartets have 
.to do with haltocfapgens to 
anybody'll guess. 

Martin Cropper 

piece outfit- cubed.' Hefty Jazz 
and a female vocal trio^ Sweet 
Substitute, had done their best 
to cool the audience down. 
Hefty Jazz certainly lived up 
to their epouym when, 
conspiring with some oddly 
- reverberant amplification, 
they succeed e d in obscuring 
most of Gershwin^ -subtier 
melodic touches in "Nice 
work if you can get it” beneath 
some stock solo breaks and a 
relentless pair of drumsticks. 
Rhythm was largely all that “I 
got rhythm” did have. 

As for Sweet Substitute, one 
only wished their doe har- 
monies were as dramatic as 
their we 11 -off-th e-shoulder 
couture. Unambitious as a 
trio, the three ladies’ individ- 
ual items revealed, voices 
winch, while they would grace 
your local puh, hardly took 
their place in the hall of feme 
collected round this familiar 
material When Ira's devw 
lyrics were enunciated audi- 
bly, they were pallidly charac- 
terized. . A. group with a 
reput at ion for sly' humour 
could surely have put" over 
lines like “Little David was 
-wmil, but oh myT* slightly 
more saucily. 

So it was left to Fame to 
supply both sassiness and, 
musical originality. The v oice 
has matured in the 20 years 
since “Yeh, Yefa”, and he had 
the boldness to begin both 
“But not for me" and “How 
long has this been going on?” 
with assertive, .unaccompa- 
nied vocal breaks. But it was 
when he replaced the hard- 
working Wfick Pyne at the 
piano that his quiricy in- 
ventiveness came into its own. 
Casting “Lady be good” in 
hard-driven rhythm ’n' blues 
style initially sounded like an 
appalling idea, but . it was 
powerfully put over and Fame 
gifirii managed to work is a 
reference to “The ballad of 
Bonnie and Clyde” which at 
least, reminded everyone of once was. » 

Thus emboldened,' he pro- 
ceeded to splice a snatch of 
“They can’t take that away 
from me* on to a stridmg, 
infectious version of ‘'You've . 
gotwhat.gets me-”.and, rather 
more hizarrely, a bar or two of 
“TTre pri.*om-Itanema” on to 
a ^»m ™ treatment of**Sootr\ • 
Fans of the Gershwin urtezts 
may htoreacremnod inwardly, 
but M least ! it brought this 
lameevooingtolifei.. . j . 


- surfeit of Booker and 
Whitbread, consider the literary 
digestion of foe French, whose 
rernri Dttimire reaches a climax in 
Paris today. At midday, the jury of 
the Prix Goncourt meet for lunch in 
the epicurean elegance of Le Salon 
des Goncoum at the Restaurant 
Dfouant in the Place GaiQon to cast 
their final votes and to announce 
this year’s winner. 

The Goncoun is the pinnacle of 
the prize season. Earlier this mouth 
the Grand Prix de Roman was 
awarded to PierreJean Rimy; the 
Prix Rcnaudot, created to “correct 
the error* of the Goncourt”, is aim 
announced today; a week laler come 
the Femtoa and the two Mdxtids (far 
one of which Julian Barnes's 
Flaubert's Parrot is on the short 
list); and, lastly, there is the 
Interalbe on December 2. But, while 
Booker and Whitbread offer their 
ultimate prize-winners £15,000 and 
£17,500 respectively, the venerable 
jury of the PrixGoncourt,whoseI0 
members include Edxnonde Ghar- 
les-Roux, Robert Sabatier, Michel 
Tournier and Francois Nourisaer 
under their dminnan, Hervfi Bazin, 
hand over-a cheque for a paltry 50 

On his death in 1896, Edmond de 
Goncourt left sufficient money in 
trust for an annual prize to be 
founded in memory of his brother, 
Jules. His intention was to provide 
funds fora young author of promise 
to live free of financial worry for 
two years. In 1903, when the first 

prize was awarded, 5,000 francs en 
or (as it was then) was enough to 
fiilfil his wish; but, if the nominal 
-value of the prize would scarcely 
buy you a gre# au rhum in the Cafe 
de Flore today, the resulting sales 
can earn foe winning author, not to 
mention his publisher, a great deal 
of money. 

Sales of recent Goncoun winners 
average 300,000, ort including book 
clubs. The 1984 winner. Marguerite 
Duras's L'AmanL is reckoned to 
have sold 800,000, although the 
record is still held by Andre 
Malraux's novel La Condition 
humaine, which won the prize in 
1933 and has sold over two million 
copies. Other previous winners 
have included Marcel Proust, Henri 
Troyat, Simon de Beauvoir, Ro- 
man Gary (who, notoriously, won 
it a second time under the secret 
pseudonym of Emile Ajar), Michel 
Tournier, Julies Gracq (who re- 
fused h) and Patrick Modiano. 

On this year’s short list for the 
Goncourt are LesFrtresMoraves by 
Henri Coulanges (Stock); Le Salon 
du Wurtenberg by Pascal Quignard 
(Gallimani); Valet de mat by Mi- 
chel Host (Gruffer): La Bataille de 
Wagrnm by Gilles Lapooge (Flam- 
marion); and La Vie RipoUn by 
Jean Vautrin (Mazarine) During the 
past fortnight in Paris the excite- 
ment and the gossip have been 
steadily mounting. AH but on? of 
the five short-ltoted titles were 
selected from the 194 novels pub- 
lished in September and October. 
The exception is La Bataille de 
Wagram, published before the sum- 
mer, and, interestingly, the only one 

so fer to have found a British 
publisher (Century Hutchinson). 

If French literary circles are less 
celebrated than in the Fifties and 
Sixties, coteries are nevertheless 
more evident in Paris than in 
London. Writers and publishers still 
dine at the Brasserie Lipp, or meet 
at La Coupole or in the rarefied air 
of the Bar du Pom Royal and also 
often work as editors or readers in 
the major publishing houses. In the 
matter of prizes it has long been the 
case with three companies, Galli- 
mard, Grassct and Le Seuti, and 
many are convinced that they have 
an unfair advantage since tire jury, 
who are mostly published by these 
houses, must surely favour their 
fellow authors. 

R obert Sabatier com- 
ments: “It is a tendency 
which 1 deplore, but it 
has to be said that these 
houses ore more attached 
to good literature although in my 
opinion it is the book not the 
publisher which matters.” Fran- 
coise Veiny, of Flammarion, but 
formerly of Grasset and Gallimard, 
and one of France’s most respected 
editors, believes that La Baade de 
trois do publish some of the best 
novels, but that does not mean that 
the Goncourt is fixed in any way. 
“There is never a prize without 
some people being convinced that 
there has been a magouille [‘fix’).” 

Sabatier and Michel Tournier. 
both respected for their impartial 
and often unpredictable judge- 
ments, think that some jury mem- 
bos have different concepts of the 
prize. Some feel it should go to a 
novel likely to attract a large 

^ . v i life* 

How it all started: Edmond de Goncourt (left) with his brother Jules, in 
whose memory he founded the prize in his own will 

readership; for others h must be an 
original and “literary” work. If the 
former view prevails today, the 
winner should be La Bataille de . 
Wagram \ if the latter, the likely 
choices would be Valet de nuit or Le 
Salon du Wurtemberg. The jury are 
rarely in complete accord but, if 
they cannot agree, no black smoke 
will appear from the chimmey of 
Chez Drouant; M Bazin will simply 
apply his casting vote. 

Whoever ft is. the Place Gaillon 
will certainly be filled to bursting 
with Le tout Paris litl&raire, tele- 
vision cameras and the police, to 

dissuade anyone from throwing 
pdtisserie or ketchup as they have in 
the past. For the bookshops (many 
of which are owned by the crafty 
publishers), the prizes mean a 
constant demand for the winners 
until Christmas. “Prizes are like the 
bells which call foe faithful to 
Mass”, said a past Goncourt pres- 
dent, Roland rfOrgeles, and, in this 
contentious business of giving 
prizes to writers, the French obey 
the authorities, be they Goncourt. 
Renaudot, Femina, Mfidicis . . . 

X. Libris 

“They came to find justice, the 
Brixton way” intoned the 
percussion and effects man 
Don Letts through a swathe of 
dreadlocks, and BAD opened 
foe show with a spirited 
version of theme from The Big 
Country, Mick Jones’s guitar 
twanging like that of vintage 
Duane Eddy, and a sound- 
track of ricocheting bullets 
p eppe ri ng the halL 
However, such flourishes in 
favour of retributive alter- 
native justice have become 
little more than a hangover 
from Janes’s days in The 
Clash (the only agit-prop band 
ever to make ft big m the 
American stadiums) and were 
swiftly supplanted in favour of 
a new, more urgent imper- 
ative: namety; tiie invitation 
to “party tornghf , which was 


Big Audio 
Brixton Academy 

explicit in “Cmon every 
beatbox”, “A party” and the 
encore of Prince’s “1999”, and 
implicit throughout in the hip- 
hop rhythms, beatbox sounds 
and increasingly apparent re- 
flexes of a traditional dance- 
floor rockgroup. 

With his white jacket flap- 
ping across his black guitar, 
Jones sang in his_ .anaemic 
London drool, throwing away 
huge tracts of lyrics in a 
careless jumble; and no one 

would have been any the wiser 
about his views on foe sub- 
jects of heavy metal music 
(“Sudden Impact”) or social 
responses to sexual diseases 
(“Stone Thames”) without 
prior access to a lyric sheet 
But this was hardly the 
point, for the strength of the 
racing percussive “Limbo the 
law” or the gentler, whimsical 
“Beyond the pale” resided in 
the sketchy melodies and bus- 
tling crossfire of rhythms 
which the band played with 
such ingenious invention 
throughout despite the ten- 
dency to stretch tiie songs a 
little too long for comfort, 
allowing- the initial surge of 
energy at the start of each new 
title to dissipate by the end. 

David Sinclair 


The master down in love with his work: Frankie Howard (photograph by Donald Cooper) 

Loae survivor of the 1963 
production and veteran MC of 
the Up Pompeii series, Frankie 
Howard comes on with the 
weil-justh5ed air of knowing, 
all there is to be known about - 
cookery in 200 BG At first 
right, features now resembling 
a half-melted waxen effigy of ' 
Edith Sitwell he may not be 
everybody’s idea of a genial 
host; nor does he exert him- 
self He has no need to. He is 
at home; and the least twitch 
of those pursed lips, or sugges- 
tion of Bn oatragedgfere, goes 
straight to the taigst 

There is not much tender 
emotion in A Flamy Thing ; 
but to see ' Mr Howerd, un- 
hurried and relaxed, nncuriing 
into the ride of the wily 
Fseudolus is. to share the 
sensations of a master down 
in love with. his work From 
what T remember, he is much 
funnier now than he was 23 
years ago. ,AB the dements of 
his performance are contained 
in the opening number, 
“Comedy Tonight", from his 
mock-deference to the house 
to his sudden squawks of 
laughter-killing admonition. 

As for' the number itself; , 
Stephen Sondheim has de- 
scribed his scene as a throw- . 
bade .to- operetta, with songs 
offering a respite from the 
action. ; But where else in the 
American musical will .'you 
find such- an opening number 
that sets the scene, introduces 
.every character and combines- 
the main action wkb quanti- 
ties .of comic decoration?. On . 
conies an apparently endless 



A Funny Thing 
Happened on die 
Way to the Forum 


chorus-line which turns out to 
be prolonging itself with the 
help of raise legs. An im- 
mensely tall dancer gradually 
dwindles behind a banner 
until his bead finally vanishes 
at ground level And mean- 
while, in Larry Gelbart’s 
production, the song is still 

As a deft reworking of 
Ptautine plots, bringing on all 
the stock figures from the 
comic toy-box in a world ruled 
by sex and greed, Gelbart’s 
and Burt Shevelov’s book was 
never a vehicle for personality 
performances — with the 
exception of Fseudolus him- 
self, the wild card in the pack 
The mechanics are as good as 
anything Plautus and Broad- 
way’s play-doctors could de- 
vise; and they are very good. 
What the pleasant company 
do- .is to take their blank 
stereotypes as a point of 
departure: so that the “lovely” 
Philia (Lydia Watson) con- 
centrates on foe girl's dimness 
in every other department, 
and Leon Greene’s Miles 
Gloriosus booms his way 
through self-incriminating 
songfr of carnage, taking the 

Devastating irony in focus 

courtesans’ ecstatic response 
as his rightful due. 

Besides Mr Howerd, the 
production contains some 
front-ranking force actors who 
work wonders with the ma- 
terial Patrick Cargill’s Senex, 
for instance, is an extremely 
frisky dotard well up to 
bestowing his outgoing oat on 
the luscious Philia. Derek 
Royle, as the senile neighbour 
with nothing much to do 
except pant over foe stage at 
periodic intervals, builds these 
increasingly « gg »n g returns 
into a long running gag. 

As for Pseudoius’s compan- 
ion slave, Hysicrium, Ronnie 
Stevens transferals him from 
stereotype into foe main fer- 
rical hero - an easygoing 
conformist, caught up by 
forces beyond his control and 
reduced to a distraught figure 
in drag fleeing foe dutches of 
foe lustful warrior. The situa- 
tion itselfis funny enough. But 
with Mr Stevens propelling it 
along its force is redoubted 
Whaz emerges is a marvellous 
double act between him and 
Mr Howerd which reaches its 
climax in the ironic reprise of 
“Lovefy” when he is en- 
couraged to believe in his own 
irresistible attractions and 
starts greedily demanding 

Tony Walton’s dowdy 
matchwood setting is no thing 
of beauty. Otherwise the show 
richly deserves its transfer 
from Chichester. 

Irving Wardle 

To read an obftnary of 
Vyacheslav Molotov on Wed- 
nesday, then hear a vivid 
performance of Shostako- 
vich's Symphony No 13 on 
Friday, is to have one's mind 
sharply focused on certain 
grey areas in Soviet history. 
The fifth and last Yev- 
tmhpnkn poem sung in this 
symphony, for instance, is foe 
ctevastatingfy ironical “A Car- 
eer”, concerning the “other 
scientist” who lived in Gali- 
leo's time. This other scientist 
also knew the earth revolved 
around the sun. But he had a 
wife and kids, so he kept quiet 
about it 

There is not much con- 
troversy about which sort of 
career Molotov chose. But 
what choice did Yevtushenko 
and Shostakovich themselves 
make? This masterly musk 
speaks with uncompromising 
coinage of things which had 
rarely been mentioned in pub- 
lic, let alone sung about the 
pogroms against Jews; the 

In spile of the admonition 
delivered by Richard Strauss's 
father that the composer 
should be more critical and 
not write down everything 
that came into his head, the 
youthful Cello Sonata in F is 
not a work to sneer at The fact 
that the temptation to do so 
was there at all on Saturday 
night was entirely due to the 
performance it received from 
the cellist Mischa Maisky and 
his pianist Pavel Gililov. 

Appearances are not all; but 
they have a canny habit of 
indicating what is afoot. In 
this case, the dramatic upward 
sweep of the bow, the manic 
shaking of the tousled bead 
and the turbulent rolling of the 
body from side to side were 
very much a visual approx- 
imation of what we heard. 
Only in the comparative 
miniaturism of the Haydn- 
esque finale opening were 
attention and technique ade- 
quately focused. This was a 

| OPERA | 

La traviata 

Covent Garden 

It would take a miracle — or a 
chaise of conductor — to save 
this Traviata. But, with just 
one more performance logo, a 
glimmer of salvation has ar- 
rived in Beana Coirubas, who 
replaces foe ill and ill-cast 
Lucia Aliberti. Some of the 
vocal lustre may have worn a 
little ihjn, but the unmistak- 
able glow of engagement in the 
character is all there. This 
Violetta — ardent, vulnerable, 
achingly isolated — has come 
out of herself and into the 
voice. At last there is a 
shudder in tbe chest, above all 
a recognition of melodic line 
as an extension of breathing i 

Cotrubas is, of course, fight- i 
ing considerable odds in fee- ! 
ing Uri Simonov's baton, j 
John Higgins, reviewing the i 
first night, noted its rcsero- I 
blance to a metronome, and 
little has changed. Direction 
so extraordinarily unaware of 
the score’s inner palpitation 
provides a less than helpful 
environment for the new 
Alfredo, Peter Dvorsky. He, 
like Cbtrubas, raises foe emo- 
tional temperature and builds 
up the production consid- 
erably; but his rode ardour 
tends to push and pull rather ; 
than to mould foe phrasing. 

Hilary Finch! 


Festival Hall 

persecution of people' who 
think too much; foe omni- 
present fear of informers. One 
should remember, however, 
that the symphony was written 
in the extraordinary year 
1962, when the Soviet censor 
blinked and allowed the 
publication of Solzhenitsyn’s 
One Day in the Life of Ivan 
Dam&ricb, as well as the 
revival of Shostakovich's long- 
banned opera Lady Macbeth 
of the Mtseask District. 

When the donate of artistic 
oppression became tougher, 
Shostakovich did tend to re- 
vert to obliqueness and 
ambiguity, while Yevtushenko 
(if one is to believe Galina 
Vishnevskaya’s memoirs) ac- 
tually agreed to tone down his 


Wigmore Hall 

crude, blowsy performance, 
with piano-playing of rumbus- 
tious clumsiness. 

Having got foe Strauss off 
their chests, Maisky and 
Gililov turned to Beethoven. 
Maisky draws foe crowds for 
two good reasons: he takes 
enormous risks in his playing, 
and that is always good 
entertainment value; and his 
absorbed, contemplative voic- 
ing of foe cello gives him an 
expressive range to play with 
very nearly foe equal of foe 
human voice itself! 

Beethoven’s Second Cello 
Sonata, Op 102 in D, showed 
that he has reached a stage in 
his career — and it will not, 1 
hope, last long - when playing 
with these attributes is exactly 
what he does. Tbe sonata 

greatest poem, “Babi Yar”, 
just days after this sym- 
phony's sensational premttre. 

The City of Birmingham 
Symphony Orchestra, under 
Okko Kanra’s direction, were 
not quite in world-class form 
here, but they gave an honest, 
committed performance. The 
playing was raw and thrilling 
when depicting foe - poet’s 
“titanic silent screams” at foe 
scene of foe Babi Yar massa- 
cre; and Kamn found a highly 
effective, weary intensity in 
“At tiie store”. The combined 
men's voices of the Warwick 
U n iversity, CBSO and City of 
Birmingham choirs sang with 
indslvencss and intelligence, 
though they lacked an ideally 
weighty Russia nate tone. Ni- 
kita Storqjev did possess the 
authentic timbre for the bass 
solos, and an instinctive erasp 
of the musk’s character, but 
his pitching of some entries 
was also somewhat instinctive, 
it seemed. 

Richard Morrison 

became a series of dramatic 
gestures rather than a piece of 
organic development, ft 
lacked a convincing vantage 
point of scale, taking oil 
something of foe character of 
an enthusiastic play-through 
between friends rather than a 
considered performance. \ 

There were glimpses of foe 
essential Maisky in moments 
like foe end of foe Adagio, in 
which he identified so closely 
with foe composer's harmonic 
searching. There was foe 
truth, too. of Schubert the 
song-writer in foe Adagio of 
foe “Aipttegione” Sonata, and 
a real frisson of the moon*- 
struck Pierrot in Debussy's 
hard-driven Cello Sonata. But 
there was too much that was 
simply cavalier, too much 
wild intonation, and an 
aggression at the keyboard 
which battered foe senses into 
boredom. f 

Hilary Finch 

David Wade's radio review will appear next Monday 


8 King Street, Loudon SWL 1th 01-839 9060 
Mond ay 17 N ovember at 10.30 ajn. and 2*30 pm. 

Tuesday 18 November at 11 am. and 130 pm. 

Tuesday 18 November and Wednesday 19 November 
at 1030 am. and 230 pm each day 

Wednesday 19 November at ll am. 



Thursday 20 November at 11 am 

Thursday 20 November at 11 am. and 130 pm 

Friday 21 November at 11 am 
Christie's King Street will be open for viewing on 
Sundays from 2 pm.-5 pm. 

Christie^ South Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays nndJ 7 pm. For further information on the 
12 sales this week, please telephone 01-581 7611 

Christie's have 25 local offices in the UJL 
If you would like to know the name of your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Amelia FitzaLm Howard os 01-339 9060 exm. 2805 




green door to peace 

With the threat of an epidemic now 

© Current screening tests do not diagnose Aids Itself. When a person Is in- 
fected, the body’s defence system produces antibodies to try to neutrafizs 
Clearly Spelt out. A1CIS testing IS the virus; It Is the presence of these antibodies that Is detectedby the test A 

— — — — positive test Jsassun^ to indtaateaintinuing^Wiectton, but the test cannot tefl 

increasingly popular. The Times finds 

out exactly what the test involves for of Sts btooX less Is red co^scJb^^^jartftM^imittis 1 

blood sample to a centrifuge. 

an individual and assesses its 

impact on a hard-pressed health service 

^ In the past 
year, how many 
women have you 
with? 9 


stood with about a dozen 
others in the queue at 
the receptionist's desk. 
She gave me a number; I 
sat down in a somewhat 
grubby waiting room. I am not 
a promiscuous heterosexual; 
nor am I in any of the other 
high-risk catergories. But I do 
not live the life of a monk and 
recent publicity has made it 
dear that casual sex is a bit 
like Russian roulette — in 
sleeping with one partner, you 
are effectively sleeping with all 
of that person's previous 

These thoughts and others 
had brought me to the Sex- 
ually Transmitted Diseases 
Clinic at St Mary's Hospital, 
Paddington. When my number 
was called over the tannoy I 
went through a green door to 
see the doctor. I was becoming 
nervous, hot the questions 
came softly. 

"Why do you want the Aids 

“For reassurance." 

"Why do you need to be 

“Well,** I fumbled, "because 
of the publicity about Aids." 

Then she asked a series of 
questions about ray sexual 

"Have you ever had a male 

"In the past year, how many 
women have you slept with?" 

"Do you use intravenous 

"Havewu slept with anyone 
who uses intravenous drugs?" 

"What are the chances of 
you having slept with a drugs 
user without knowing it?' 

"Are you absolutely sure you 
have never had a male 

The doctor said that I 
should not be alarmed; the 
incidence of Aids among the 
heterosexual population was 
very small. But that, she 
added, “won't last long." 

Next 1 saw the health 
advisor, whose purpose was to 
make sure that I conld cope 
psychologically. if my test 
proved to be antibody positive. 

“.•Ire you sure you want the 
test? The consequences of a 
positive result can be very 
traumatic. " 

“Yes, I'm sure." 

She said it took about three 
months for a normal person to 
develop antibodies, so if I was 
worried about a recent sexual 
fission, I should have the test 
again in three months. 

She said the information in 
my file would be protected by 
law, and I was not obliged to 
teD anyone if the test proved 
positive. But she advised me to 
tell my doctor and dentist. 

Thai she asked me a ques- 
tion which sounded odd. 

"What will you do if the test 
is antibody negative T' 

She explained; “We are a 
tittle anxious that people will 
treat a favourable result as a 
licence to be irresponsible. It is 
not up to us to tell yon howto 
live your fife, hut we must 
stress that casual unprotected 
sex is now a high-risk 

As for one of the main 
objections to using condoms — 
the lack of physical sensitivity 

— she said this arose because 
people are not used to them. A 
condom, she said, b the safest 
guarantee available of avoid- 
ing Aids. “Most men still tend 
to see contraception as a 
woman’s problem. Those atti- 
tudes are going to have to 
change very quickly." 

he session had lasted 
about thirty minutes 
and throughout the 
counselling had been 
friendly and obvi- 
ously designed to make me 
think through die possible 
consequences of my lifestyle, 
whatever the outcome of the 

Down the corridor, in a 
curtained booth, a male nnrae 
first took two blood samples. 
Then he took two swabs, one 
from the throat and one from 
the genitals. It took just three 
minutes and, two hours after 
first joined the queue, I was on 
my way borne. 

But It is not quite over. The 
result — which they won't give 
you over the phone or by letter 

— will he ready in three weeks. 
I'm not worried about the 
outcome, but the counselling 
has certainly concentrated my 
mini! on the dangers of un- 
protected casual sex. 



© The next step Is to add the serum to particles of Aids vims. Testing in- 
dividual samples of serum would be vary expensive, so kfts are used to pro- 
cess batches of specimens feu a cost of about £15 each. Aids virus particles 
are attached to the 96weHs of a plastic tray measuring about 5 frxrfies by 3. Drop- 
lets of serum from the bkxxj samples of 96 people are added. if the blood has 
bean previously infected with the veils, the serum wffl contain antibodies that wiH 
now bind themselves to the virus particles. This is followed by the addition of a 
droplet of HIV antiboefyprepared in the laboratory. The behaviour of the vfrus 
particles towards the two types of antibody - of human and laboratory origin 
— wffl determine the outcome of the test 

© The tray fs Incubated at a temperature of 45 deg C for one hour during 
this tone one of the two an«xxSes binds Itself to the virus particles. The 

specimens are then washed, removing the antibody that has not attached it- 
self to the particles. 

O The identity of the remaining 
antibody is revealed by colour 
analysis. A blue colouring element 

I to the samples, which are then 

left for 20 minutes to react together. 
The tray fs Inserted into a speefro- 
scope, an electronic Instrument 

cftanges<$caiour. If toe laboratory- 
prepared antibody is attached to the 
rus particle, toe colour changes to 
orange, giving a negative result If no 
colour change occurs, the human 
antibody has attached itself to the virus 
particles and the test is positive. 


- this first ELISA 

'screening process is cafled back for a second blood sample to be taken. This 
is sent to a special testing centre where a further series of more sophisticated 
tests are made. Detailed biochemical analysts, tasting severaFclays, identifies the 
molecules of the Aids virus or its antibody. 

6 t 

It can take a lot of courage to come to us 


Michael Dynes 

Almost every day, someone in Britain 
dies from Aids. Every day a new case 
is diagnosed. Between those two 
tragedies, a daily laboratory routine 
produces answers affecting the lives of 
hundreds of others. The blood test to 
search for traces of Aids is a crucial 
first step in the medical pursuit and 
control of the disease. 

But it is also one of the most 
emotionally traumatic procedures that 
many healthy people are likely to face. 
A positive result does not mean that 
the patient has Aids, or even that he or 
she is certain to develop the condition. 
But it does mean that there is a 
significant risk - probably over 30 per 
cent — of premature fatal illness. It 
probably also means being infected — 
and infectious — for life. 

For those given such news, the 
information is shattering. It affects not 
just the earner, but his or her family, 
and sexual contacts. It is because of 
this devastating impact that expert 
counselling, involving tact, com- 
passion and persuasiveness, has be- 
come essential in all cases. 

Recent publicity, emphasising that 
Aids can be transmitted hetero- 
sexually as well as homosexuafly and 
through contaminated blood, has 
tripled the number of men and women 
now seeking the test The new 
Government public health campaign 
on the disease will prompt many more 
anxious people to come forward. 
However, the British Medical Associ- 

ation and many specialists now warn 
that clinics will soon be unable to cope 
with the demand unless the DHSS 
provides more resources. 

“There is little evidence that the 
Government fully understands what is 
very soon going to be needed," says Dr 
Tom McManus, a specialist at the 
Alexanda Clinic of St Giles’ Hospital 
'in South London. “We are being 

stretched beyond our 

resources. A crisis is 

The test . was in- 
troduced by the DHSS 
last autumn Mowing 
stringent trials. It has 
been used to screen all 
blood donations to the 
National Blood 
Transfusion Service — more than two 
and a half million units a year — and 
experts are confident that all such 
slocks are now free of contamination. 

Today most tests are carried out in 
dimes tre ating sexually transmitted 
diseases (STDs). Although family 
doctors can take the blood sample, not 
all can provide the necessary guidance 
and most people prefer to visit a 
hospital unit 

The samples are tested either in the 
hospitals or at public health lab- 
oratories. Invariably, however, the 
STD clinics are staffed by a handful of 
doctors and nurses working in 
cramped, dilapidated quarters hidden 
away in hospital backrooms. Depend- 

6 We are being 
stretched beyond 
our resources, a 
crisis is close 9 

injg on the workload of individual 
clinics and the laboratories, the time 
between the sample being taken and 
the patient being informed can range 
from a few days to a few weeks. 

But as the numbers increase, so too 
will the waiting time. “At the moment 
it takes about two weeks to get the 
results back," says Dr David Miller, a 
clinical psychologist at the Mid dlesex 

Hospital's STD clinic 

In London's West 
End. “That is a period 
of tremendous uncert- 
ainty for the patients. 
We want to keep it to 
a minimum but I'm 
worried that there will 
I be longer delays as the 
pressure increases:” 
Those who attend clinics receive' 

lengthy counselling on the impiica- 
sult befo 

tions of the result before a sample of 
blood is taken. But as more people 
come forward, doctors have less time 
for counselling: in one London clinic 
the time has been cut from 45 to 15 

Certain individuals deride against 
being screened because a positive 
result could lead to years of anxiety 
without any symptoms . of Aids 
developing. “It can take a lot of 
courage to come to us. The days of 
waiting for the result are some of the 
longest and most anxious of their 
lives," Dr McManus says. 

Most of the test results are negative. 

About 30 to 40 per cent of homosexual 
men in London have been found to 
have antibodies to the Aids virus in 
their blood. Among drug abusers who 
risk contamination from shared and 
dirty needles and the general hetero- 
sexual population now coming for- 
ward, only one or two in every 
hundred are infected. 

For them, life will never be the same 
again. Gary Webb, one of the most 
experienced of the counsellors at the 
Aiexanda unit, says: “A positive result 
means that the person will have lo be 
monitored for the rest of his or her 
days, coming back to see us every 
three or six months for . a medical 
examination. Most of them are un- 
likely, on the available evidence, to 
develop Aids. But it’s tremendously 
important to see cases as regularly as 
possible so that the first signs of Alness 
are quickly detected." 

Specialists advise antibody-positive 
men and women to make the most of 
life, while urging them to act respon- 
sibly. "We can never be dishonest or 
misleading. We have to tell people all 
the facts as we know them," Gary 
Webb says. 

“But without raising false hopes, we 
can help Aids carriers and their loved 
ones to cope. We are a shoulder to cry 
on, a hand to hold, someone to talk to. 
If and when they develop symptoms, 
we will be there." 

Thomson Prentice 


If you think investing in 
stocks and shares is out of 
your league, think ogoin — 
about Midland Bank Unit 
Trusts’ Regular Savings Plan . 


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Animating Armageddon 

The best-selling 

cautionary fable, 

When the Wind 

Blows, is now a 

chilling cartoon 

Discussing When the Wind 
Blows with its author and 
illustrator, Raymond Briggs, 
is like meeting one of those 
sandwich-board men who ad- 
vertise Armageddon. He lacks 
their gloomy relish, but in his 
own quiet way brings the same 
bad news. 

This is the melancholy 
humourist who, after Cher- 
nobyl wore a car-sticker 
proclaiming “I told you so" in 
the conviction bora of re- 
search that instant oblivion is 
preferable to the muddled 
lingering fete of Jim and Hilda 
Bloggs, the poignant charac- 
ters of his best-selling fable. 

Fust published m 1982, 
Briggs's illustrated story of a 
dear old couple coping with 
the imminence, and failing 
with the aftermath, of a 
nuclear explosion has now 
sold 500,000 copies in 10 
languages and become a radio 
and stage play. 

The author of such chil- 
dren's books as Fungus the 
Bogeyman. The Snowman 
and Father Christmas quickly 
acquired an adult readership. 
His name, previously un- 
connected with politics, was 
added to the nuclear debate. 
Now the message and the 
brouhaha are to be revived by 
a £2m animated film of the 
book, with Sir John Mills and 
Dame Peggy Ashcroft supply- 
ing the voices of hapiess Jim 
and Hilda. It will receive its 
world premiere at the Berlin 
Film Festival on Thursday 
and there is talk of taking a 
prim to Russia, in the year of 

Doom and gloom: Jim Bloggs and creator Raymond Briggs 


Its makers, however, are 
careful to deny any political 
motive — particularly Briggs, 
who got the idea after seeing a 
television programme about 
the nuclear bomb. He then 
based his story on available 
official information about 
how to deal with such a 
disaster. “J did it just to 
explore what two ordinary 
people would do under those 
circumstances," he says 
mildly. “You can’t take in 
these cosmic things, any more 
than you can take in your own 
death. You go back to your 
everydav routine: ‘Where’s 
the milk? The paper's late 

“Yes, people will be left 
alive but the whole of society 
will have gone. No electricity, 
no jobs, no work, no trans- 
port, plos disease, rats — I’ve 
given up thinking about iL I 
just can't bear it." 

Spurred by this horrific 
vision, he has since joined 
CND and ecology will be his 
next subject But he is no tub- 
thumper. He is a thin, shy 
man of 52, a childless widower 
who lives in Sussex, habitually 
dresses in tweeds and has a 
pink countryman's face. The 
very mention of Green ham 
Common causes alarm. “Oh, 
I've never been there, ij^. L 

always feel slightly embar- 
rassed by demonstrations. It's 
a cowardly thing, I suppose, 
not doing anything physical" 

The feelings of TVC, the 
British animation company 
which produced both this and 
The Snowman, are largely of 
pride and relief that the film 
has been made at all When 
the Wind Blows claim « to be 
only the fifth full-length ani- 
mated feature completed in 
this country. The London 
opening early next year should 
give a much-needed boost to 
British animation, which sur- 
vives largely on TV commer- 
cials and pop videos. 

Producer John Coates, who 
helped make the Beatles’ Yel- 
low Submarine. spent two and 
a half years trying to finance 
When the Wind Blows. Chan- 
nel 4 put up £600,000, but 
production was deadlocked 
until the National Film Fi- 
nance Corporation finally of- 
fered £lm. “Selling an adult 
animated feature is practically 
impossible," he laments. 
"People think only of Disney 
and Bugs Bunny.” 

Shooting eventually began 
in June last year and a 200- 
strong team has been em- 
ployed tracing, painting and 
checking some 250,000 

drawings. "It’s developed a lot 
of mediocre animators into 
good animators, and good 
animators into exceUent 
ones," the Japanese-American 
director, Jimmy Murakami 

Their collective achieve- 
ment is to capture much of the 
realism and pacing of live 
action. The film combines an 
animated foreground with 
photographic backgrounds. A 
model of Jim and Hilda's 
house was built and then 
photographed inside from ev- 
ery angle. Sixteen key ani- 
mators worked from the 
10,000 photographs taken. 

Admirers of Briggs's sad 
black comedy will be pleased 
by the film's faithfulness. 
Murakami who lost a relative 
at Hiroshima, recalls the story 
of an emotional assistant ani- 
mator “She felt she . had to 
quit the job. *Those lovely 
little characters,’ she cried, 
•and they’re going to die.' ” 

Michael Watts 

Ottawa Nwapapara Lid IMS 

There are more masteries 
sun minding the stone curlew 
rtwn its obsessive secrecy and 
the fact that it is not really* 
curlew at alL Those aspects 
make ft fascinating; more 
worrying is the fact that ft has 
disappeared altogether from 
some haunts there, are 
fewer than 200 pairs nesting 
in its aheestxal upland strong- 
holds compared with 2,Q0d 
before World War Two. 

Obsessively secretive, jr 
creature of mid dark- 
ness, ft is not a curfew at all 
and goes by a dozen local 
aliases indnding, aptly, the 
“go®ie-eye".Sa perfect is Its 
ra m mrfiggp of sandy brown 
pl mn age streaked with dark 
biOTis" that only the huge, 
gather baleful bright yellow 
eyra may betray it In hi d ing . 

Though seldom seen it is 
not a small lard, befog about 
the size of a partridge and 
long-legged. In happier times 
for Burkinas oediaumux, 
T. A. Coward wrote far his 
Birds of the British Isles 
(1920): Tram (he egg onward 
the life of the stone curlew is 
spent in hiding itself -from 
view. The oouclmi habit — 
that of lying stiHasri trusting 
to colour and form to produce 
invisibility — is assumed as 
soon as die chick fa hatched." 

Which worked very well 
until intensive methods of 
agriculture invaded the 
hoathland with "machines 
indifferent to the most in- 
genious disguise. Now, after 
review in g a largely foiled 
breeding season in which lack 
of rain played a part, die 
Royal Society for the Protec- 
tion of Birds is seeking the 
assistance of farmers in 
a ii esthig the decline of die 
stone curlew, which today 
May Unary 

The secret curlew 

survives mainly in East An- 
glia, Wiltshire, Hampshire 
and Dorset 

A leaflet . campaign 
emphasizes essentials for the 
species*' existence, induding 
access to open ground fa. the 
spring, safety for fas eggs 
wiiitife are' hud in a mere 
scrape, and for the chicks 
which are at risk from prac- 
tices like railing, hoeing and 

The RSPB says: “With the 
help of farmers and land- 
owners It may be possible to 
retain this _Mrd in our 
cou ntry side.'' Their appeal is 

directed at a body cot known 
for a feverish . enthusiasm 
towards conservation. But 
Chris Durdm, assistant re- 
gional officer fin the society 
in East Anglia, has been 
deligh te d with the response. 

“Without exception, people 
have been helpful — not only 
farmers themselves but also 
the chaps oa the tractor," he 
said. “They have been pre- 
pared to make small-scale 
changes in harvesting, for 
example, that win help the 
birds. Some did not knowthat 
stone craiews lived on their 
land and are intrigued." 

Because the birds are active 
by night when their strange 
haunting call is most often 
beard, he and cofieagnes have 
been tracking movements fry 
attaching radio transmitters 
to the feathers of breeding 

If the stone curfew does 
pass from the list of Britain’s 
breeding birds there will be 
regret for an avian rednse (it 
shuns the company of other 1 
birds) which, fa the end, was 
not permitted to mlmi Its own 

John Hill 

© T*na> Mmpipn DM 19M 



l Downhill ski race (6) 

5 Thick cord (4) 

8 Shooting area (51 

9 US guards van (7} 

11 Obsessively, sus- 
picious (8) 

IJ Carpenter's grip (4) 
15 Distasteful (9) 

18 Ladies' fingers (4) 

19 Water organisms (8) 

22 Italian mes(7) 

23 Striking costume 

24 Duturb(4>. , 

25 Ribbon pasta (6J 


2 Solitary type (5) 

3 Tell mtrmh (3) 

4 C iirailng opportunist 


5 Dress 14) 

6 Talented child (7) ' • 
Twinkled fabric (j) 

10 Larue Jug (4). 

12 Inqnititive (4) 

14 S&8esa{4) 

15 Vertical (7) 

.id Rjodtgrowhi4) 

17 Shoot-from hiding 
pface(S) ' 

» Compete (5) ' ' 

21 Fty'npwerds(4) 

23 Sticky substance 






suing terror 
'child's plav 

V- ' ; 

c: ... t- 

n • ^c, r . 


W mV 


m & 



ip J" 

The lady’s 
not for 

This week, a television documentary will 
open the doors to Maigaret Thatcher's 
wardrobe. Josephine Fairley spoke to the 
programme’s compiler, Angela Huth 

M a^m Thatcher Mrs Thatcher devoted her hind) 
, a confession hour to sorting through garments 
^H na fei?^ Wnter ant * her favourites. We 

™ broadcaster discover, for example, that she too 
Angela Huth. has succumbed to the Dynastv 

.1 • • ? 

M argaret Thatcher 
had a confession 
to make to writer 
and broadcaster 
Angela Huth. 
“People don't fed 
they can compliment the Prime 
Minister very often,” she said, 
wistfully. “But when they do, it’s 
very, very nice.” 

Few win have suspected that 
behind Mrs Thatcher's bride im- 
age lies a positively girlish enthu- 
siasm for clothes. “Bat she's like 
almost every English woman f 
talked to,” explains Angela Huth. 
“For her, talking about dothes 
was like opening a vein. As a rule, 
it is not amajor topic of women’s 
conversations, so to be given the 
opportunity to talk about some- 
thing most work quite hard at in 
private was quite a relief, I think.” 

So cathartic was the experience 
for Mrs Thatcher, in fact, that 
during an hour together last 
month Huth had a struggle to get a 
word in edgeways. The fruits of 
their conversation can be seen this 
Thursday in a television docu- 
mentary, The Englishwoman's 

In preparation for the film 
crew's foray into her wardrobe. 

Mrs Thatcher devoted her hutch 
hour to sorting through garments 
and finding her fevoumes. We 
discover, for example, that she too 
has succumbed to the Dynasty 
syndrome: “Since shoulders are 
wider, we've been putting in 
shoulder pads end lengthening 
hems,” the PM informs us. “You 
know, you should never press a 
hem like a knife edge, or you'll 
never be able to let it down again.” 

Besid e s a thoroughly methodi- 
cal approach to her clothes, Mrs 
Thatcher displays a rare (in Bri tish 
women, anyway) appreciation of 
fabrics, buttons and finish, prob- 
ably, says Huth, “inherited from 
her mother, who was a dress- 
maker. Mrs Thatcher gave the 
impression that although she bad 
to put what she wears into a very 
small niche in her life, because she 
has no time, she actually enjoys 
that niche and shows a for more 
intelligent approach than most 
women I’ve spoken to.” 

The documentary shows her 
love of pearls (she feels their 
incandescent qualities are flatter- 
ing to British skin); her thrift (die 
proudly shows off several outfits 
she's been wearing for years); and 
touchingly acknowledges her 

■* .% v • *r- . 

.. i; T -ui - . • 

. T. ' •. £;>- 

v W-J:- * li 

.. MM.. 

i(fl i * yM 

‘Denis does like 
a bit of glitter’ 

‘We’ve been putting ‘People remember if 
in shoulder pads’ you are in pink’ 

husband's favourites: “Denis 
loves bright colours, like this 
fuchsia dress. But it's really not 
practical — people remember if 
they've seen you m pink and think 
you've only got one outfit.” 

Mrs Thatcher also takes su- 
preme care of her clothes; she is to 
be seen in Huth’s film stuffing the 
bow of one of her frocks with 
tissue paper to keep it pristine. She 
is also, apparently, no stranger to 
the eternal fashion crisis: the 
feeling that one has nothing to 
wear. “This," she says proudly of a 
black ruffled dress created, with 
her customary budget-conscious- 
ness. out of an “end-of-roU” fabric 
length, “is what 1 wear when I 

simply can't think of anything 
else . . 

Revelations of this sort are not 
so much a reflection on the PM — 
her “common touch" has been 
well aired — as a sign of the 
shrewdness of Angela Huth. In 
inviting Mrs Thatcher into the 
company of the sturdy probation 
officer and the rather horsey wife 
in green wellies who are also 
featured in the film, she is able to 
add skilled self-publicist to a list of 
job descriptions that includes 
author, playwright and concerned 
parent (her husband gave up his 
seal as a Labour member of 
Oxfordshire county council in 
July when she insisted their 

daughter attend a private school). 

And while she says that both her 
Sim and her book were inspired 
bythe generally appalling state of 
British women's dress, she happily 
concedes that her work was “the 
ultimate licence to be nosey” 

She sa>s: “1 first had the idea at 
a wedding, sitting in a pew behind 
a woman wearing a too- tight 
velvet jacket straining at the 
seams with a wisp of hair escaping 
down her collar at the back She 
looked simply dreadful and. like 
most English women, she had paid 
absolutely no attention to her rear 

“On the whole." she feels. 
“Englishwomen don't care tup- 

pence about their clothes — and I 
rather agree with them, because 
we've better things to think about 
than what we wear. Most of the 
French and Italian women who 
are well-dressed — albeit in that 
rather uniformly chic way — 
probably care about their clothes 
much more than we do. but 
they’re not so good with their 
children . . . 

“Englishwomen are quite right 
to put their herbaceous borders — 
which give enormous pleasure to 
so many people — before their coat 
and skin." 

Nonetheless, the elegant, silver- 
haired Ms Huth gives the im- 
pression that she pays just as 

much attention to her own clothes 
as to the flowerbeds which sur- 
round the bookish Oxford home 
she shares with her husband 
James Howard-Johnstone and 
five-year-old Eugenie. 

She has a magpie's instinct for 
bright, shiny antique buttons ana 
buckles which are then incor- 
porated into garments she designs 
herself, to be nimbly tailored by a 
London seamstress; it late, she 
swears, “just three days of plan- 
ning twice a year." 

Her eye for detail was enhanced 
by an an training which took her 
to the Beaux-Artes in Paris and to 
study with Annigoni in Italy- But 
from the age of five, Huth yearned 
to write: at 22, she became 
Fashion Editor at the Sunday- 
Express. She switched to tele- 
vision when Desmond Wilcox 
offered the opportunity to make 
documentaries and later became 
the first woman reporter on the 
BBCs Man Alive. “I'll start one 
thing and immediately want to be 
doing something else; it's always 
been the same." 

She would like to turn her seif- 
confessedly dilletante hand more 
to interior design, gardening, 
photography — but writing, above 
all else, exerts a magnetic puli on 
her working time; yet another 
book is to be published lata- this 
month, this time for her daughter, 
called "Eugenie in Cloud Cuckoo 
Land” (Andre Deutsch, £5.50). 

Writing fiction offers Huth the 
perfect excuse to assuage her 
curiosity; she spends hours just 
watching others, preferring, at 
parties, to drift around the edge, 
observing. “I don't like to be the 
centre of attention: you'd have to 
look jolly hard into a dark comer 
at a parry to find me, but I do hope 
that if you did happen to spy me in 
the dusk, you'd think at least that 
my dress was pretty and that it had 
beautiful, unusual buttons. 

“It’s unlikely, of course. The 
English are not only terribly badly 
dressed, they are also quite 
staggeringly unobservant.” 

g) Tim— Hwpwpm UJ 18M 

The Englishwoman's Wardrobe is 
published by Century, price £14.95. 
The television programme of the 
same name will be broadcast on 
Thursday ( BBC 2. 9.30 pm). 

Turning terror 
to child’s play 

As a declining birthrate means fewer men for its armed forces, Denmark turns to women to fill the frontline ranks 

Only 25 years ago, parents 
were barred from visiting 
their children in hospital 
outside set hours. AD that has 
changed, and soon another 
major development could 
take the mystery, and the 
fear, out' of hi-tech treat- 
ments, like the one often' 
dreaded by adults and chil- 
dren alike — the X-ray. 

It is no cotnektenoe that 25 
years spans the life of the 
National Association for the 
Welfare of Children in Hos- 
pital. The NAWCH was 
largely responsible for en- 
abling parents to visit chil- 
dren day and night. Today, at 
its stiver jubilee conference, 
the organisation will hear of a 
scheme to make hi-tech treat- 
ments, tike X-rays, less 

A team from the Hospital 
for Sick Children, Great 
Ormond Street, will explain 
how it prepares children 
psychologically for X-rays. 
They chose a fairly common 
procedure called the DMSA 
exam — used to id e ntify 
causes of kidney disease — 
which entails an injection of a 
radioactively tagged isotope 
into tile vein of an arm, 
followed by two scans. 

“Children have to face 
enormous and off-putting 
machinery which moves, an 
injection with a long needle 
and long syringe and having 
to lie stin for 20 minutes on a 
strange bed that has holes for 
cameras to poke through,” 
said Heather Hunt, co-or- 
dinator of the study. 

“As it is only a diagnostic 
test, you don't even get better 

*We are the ones 
who have to 
go rtiroogh it* 

after rL There is simply the 
anxiety of waiting for 
results. 5 ’ 

The team experimented 
with 58 children, aged front 
18 months to 16 years. Chil- 
dren and parents acre taken 
to the X-ray department the 
day before the test, shown the 
machinery and how it worked 
and all their questions 

“At first the radiographers 
had fears that the children 
would worry more,” said 
Heather Hunt “Bat all those 
Over six whom we inter- 
viewed afterwards said drat 
being prepared had helped. 
They desperately wanted to 
know the truth; children who 
hadn’t been prepared said 
that too.” 

One 13-year-old said: “I 
think children should be told 
everything doctors tell par- 
ents, however com plicated. 
We are the ones going 
through it. It is more im- 
portant to be prepared, even 
if you worry. You worry 

Parents also benefited 
from die preparation, with its 
chance to ask questions infor- 
mally, but pointed out th at 
they would have welcomed 
special attention for the child 
when its condition was first 
diagnosed. This is what the 
children's cancer unit at the 
Royal Victara Infirmary in 

‘Getting children’s 
anxiety out 
Into the open’ 

Newcstle-upon-Tyne is try- 
ing to provide: * 

“Seventy per cent of chil- 
dren with cancer survive 
now,” said Dr Alan Craft, 
paediatric oncologist “But it 
is is no good just treating the 
cancer. We need to help the 
whole person and their fam- 
ily, so that their lives can be 
made as normal as possible.” 

“We start individual work 
with the femily from the day 
of diagnosis,” said social 
worker A^ril Trapp. “Parents 
can express their anxieties. 
They are frightened of not 
being ideal parents; they fear 
their child's death. Once the 
treatment starts and they can 
see the path they are on, they 
stan to fed much more 

She has been running 
special support groups for 
two years. “The children 
made a video for a sch ool day 
we decided to hold for teach- 
ers, showing what they found 
most difficult on returning to 
schooL Things like being 
over-protected or other chil- 
dren thinking cancer is 

One idea which emerged 
was for children to be able to 
give a ‘lecture’ when they 
returned to school, explain- 
ing their illness, what it 
meant, and thus getting 
others' unspoken anxieties 
out in the open. 

NAWCH is hoping that, 
when these strategies are 

described to their conference 

today, others will also be 
inspired to took to the human 
consequences of our modem 
medical marvels. 

Denise Winn 

C T k unH l MWW Ud IMS 

At first sight there was nothing 
to distinguish the squad of 
soldiers taking up defensive 
positions on a comer in the 
sleepy West German village of 
Ebbighausen from the other 
21,000 troops taking part in 
the four-nation military 

Two of them were sprawled 
across their armoured person- 
nel carrier, a third was 
spreadeagled behind a ma- 
chine gun in the road and the 
fourth, barely visible in the 
shadows, was shouldering an 
anti-tank weapon and listen- 
ing to the approaching rumble 
ofa possible target. 

The gathering dusk marked 
the end of a long, bard day 
playing war. The four were 
obviously wet, cold, tired and 
dirty. And when they removed 
their helmets, decked out in 
camouflaging grasses and 
ferns, it was also obvious that 
they were women. 

Together with her three 
colleagues in a company of the 
First Battalion, Danish Life 
Regiment, Private Jeanette 
pia Nielsen - a 23-year-old 
bine-eyed blonde with an 
engaging smOe - is part of a 
revolutionary experiment by 
one of Europe's most liberal 
societies that has put Western 
women into a front-line com- 
bat role for the first time. 

The experiment is being 
monitored closely by other 
nations — particularly those 
which, like Denmark, have 
felling birthrates and which 
may experience difficulties 
keeping their front-line regi- 
ments up to strength with 
male recruits alone. 

A powerful women’s move- 
ment m Denmark was largely 

Reveille with Beverly? 

responsible for opening up the 
masculine world of warfare to 
the feminine touch — more so 
even than in the American, 
Israeli or Soviet services. 
Britain has nearly 16,000 
women serving in the army, 
navy and air force — but none 
in combat roles, although 
many are weapons trained to 
defend themselves in times of 
war. Although it is unlikely 
there win ever be a policy 
change, the Danish experi- 
ment is being studied closely 
io see if it provides any lessons 
on the sensitive issue of 
women at the sharp end of the 
military machine. 

There have been women in 
the Danish services since the 
1960s, but it was the passing of 
the Equal Rights for Females 
legislation in the country’s 
parliament in 1978 that 
opened up the opportunity for 
women's groups to push for 
access to front-line combat 

T he armed forces are 
protected from the 
effects of the legisla- 
tion until next year 
but all three services have run 
experimental programmes to 
enable the Defence Ministry 
to rule on its practicability. 
Women are already serving on 
ships patrolling the Baltic and 
on fishery protection duties 
around Greenland, although 
they are not permitted on to 
submarines. In the air force 
they operate Hawk missile 
batteries and are stationed in 

j9k : , 


• - si. ~ 

Dressed to IriU: Denmark's women soldiers on manoeuvres 

short and close-range defence 
a nits. But it is in the army 
where the impart is most 

Around 80 women — all 
volunteers, as conscription 
still applies only to men 
because of the wording of 
legislation — are currently 
serving with units driving 
Centurion and Leopard tanks 
and armoured personnel carri- 
ers. as well as operating along- 
side men in the infantry and in 
artillery and air defence bat- 
teries. They receive the same 
pay and endure the same 
conditions; there are no con- 
cessions given and none 

The decision to recruit 

The travelling late business 

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London EC4R2RL. 

“Business traveller” is a 
contradiction in terms, since it 
is ridiculous to suppose that 
you can reliably make an 
appointment in one country 
while you are still in another, 
due to delays caused by fog, 
leaves on the line and Captain . 
Arbuthnot apologising for the 
late take-off which is due to 
circumstances beyond Ms 

Yet a whole industry has 
grown around the needs of this 
globe-trotting executive who 
presumably still believes that 
he can leave Brussels at the 
crack of dawn and, due to the 
time difference, be at a sales 
conference in London in. time 
for breakfesL Specialist maga- 
zines are devoted to his needs, 
telling him about Romanian 
interpreting services and 
international wall planners. 

Luggage manufacturers are 
doing their inventive best to 
produce walk-on, walk-off 
baggage which incorporates a 
computer terminal, calculator, 
document case, space for dean 
pyjamas and will still stow 
away under an airtine seaL 

My advice would be to 
forsake such gee-gaws and 
spend the money on a nicely- 
bound volume of War and 
Peace to read while the plane 
is circling around Charles de 
Gaulle airport. 

I did a spot of business- 
travelling myself last week and 
I must say l was thrilled with 
ray specially-purchased hand 
fragga gg- It was a smart blade 
bag with so many hidden 
ziDoered comnanments that I 

■V. ***■ v.-. 


still haven’t been able to find 
my black cashmere frock 
which is lurking in one of 

I was the only woman on 
the plane and it struck me that 
if one were seriously man- 
hunting, it would be a very 
good idea to put in some time 
in airport departure lounges. 
On the other hand, what 
would be the point of nabbing 
a man who spends his life way 
above the douds so high 
studying sales reports? No 
point at all for the likes of me, 
who fantasize about being 
married to a brilliant poet who 
is always at home but oblig- 
ingly breaks off his work to 
pour me a whisky on my 
return from the office before 
reading me the day's quota of 

My ,3iehl time was 40 

minutes but it took three 
hours to get home again as the 
Underground at Heathrow 
was running late, the lifts at 
Covent Garden station 
weren't working and I had to 
lug my zippered bag up half a 
million stairs. I vowed that the 
next time 1 go away it will be 
on a slow boat to China with 
five pieces of matching lug- 
gage including a walk-in cabin 

In this age of hi-tech 
communications, you would 
have thought that business- 
travelling would be obsolete. 
It should be possible for 
executives everywhere from 
Tooting to Tobago to conduct 
their meeings linked by tele- 
vision screens and telephone 

It is possible that this 
method has already been tried 
and - since everyone knows 
that if a thing can possibly go 
wrong it will - gentlemen, 
ready to have a bn of inter- 
national interface with each 
Other, pressed all the right 
buttons and found themselves 
watching The Sound of Music 
instead of TrumpingtOn- 
Smythe explaining the Finn- 
ish government's policy on 
merchant shipping. 

Or possibly, this method 
works perfectly well but if it 
were widely applied the whole 
business-travelling business 
would go down the chute, 
bankrupting airlines, hotel 
chains, suit-carrier makers 
and firms which produce the 
wrong sort of perfume on sale 
at duty-free shoos. 

women into the front-line met 
with resistance from some 
traditionalist male officers 
and there are still reservations. 
Commanders, while praising 
the professionalism of their 
female soldiers, still worry 
about possible sexual frictions 
and jalousies within closely- 
knit units, the physical and 
mental problems associated 
with the menstrual cycle and 
the discipline difficulties if a 
male officer "falls" for a 
woman private. 

One issue being closely 
studied is the effects of. say, a 
woman member of a tank 
crew being seriously injured in 
battle. Would her male col- 
leagues stop their other tasks 


Front Jim Plans, 



Penny Perrick suggests 
(Monday Page, November 
10) that bad boose keepers 
should try to excel at some- 
thing — successful writer, 
brain surgeon or politician to 
counter their feelings of 

Why strive so far afield? 
When my good lady is faced 
with any of those forms which 
requires to know your occupa- 
tion. the word “housewife" is 
never considered. There is not 
a moment's hesitation as she 
chooses the title which is hers 
by right, secure in the know- 
ledge that she has overcome 
mountainous problems and 
succeeded in making love 
flourish unbelievably where 
once there had been only 

She writes the word “wife”. 

From Gay Murphy. 
Chairman. Diplomatic Ser- 
vice K ives Association, 
London SWI. 

My apologies to &D those who 
felt sore at the thought that 
diplomats’ wives are more 
loyal than others. We know 
we share many conditions 
with service wives and 
expatriate businessmen's 
wives, es well as those who 
may not hare to “pack up and 
follow on” abroad, but whose 
lives are nevertheless dis- 
rupted by their husbands’ 
careers and whose loyalty was 
never in Question. 

to render help continue the 
fight — possibly leaving her to 

That may be an academic 
question in war games across 
the plains and villages of 
nonhem Germany but in 
times of real conflict it would 
become an issue. 

Col. Jurgen Christiansen, 
the chief of personnel manage- 
ment of the 30.000-strong 
Danish armed forces, says; “If 
war broke out they would 
fight- If there are women on a 
ship in the Baltic, for example, 
you can't turn round and head 
back to port to pick up an all- 
male crew for the battle.” 

None of that deters Private 
Nielsen. Cradling a 1 201b Carl 
Gustav anti-tank weapon in 
her arms, she explains why she 
joined up: “I was bored with 
going to work from eight until 
four every day. I don’t see 
myself as any son of women's 
rights champion. 1 suppose 1 
didn't really know what 2 was 
going into. Suddenly I was 

“People don’t really believe 
me when I first tell them my 
job. I don't know how long 1 
will stay in — I suppose as long 
as I can manage it The 
physical demands are not 
easy, there are only a few of us 
who can make it 

“We are treated exactly the 
same as the men, and we are 
accepted by them. There are 
no real problems. If there was 
a war then we would fighL I 
would do it.” 

Company commander Ma- 
jor Dan Banja has 12 women 
among the 85 soldiers under 
his command- He admires the 
way they have bandied the 
duties assigned to them. 
“There are problems of course 
but they have performed welL 
Initially there was resistance 
from the men and even now 
there are some who do not 
accept iL Me? I am some- 
where in the middle.” 

D anish soldiers can be 
very sensitive about 
their fighting wo- 
men. When 1 asked 
one of their officers if I could 
talk to them he was anxious to 
ensure that 1 wasn't about to 
manufacture some lurid .“sex 
in a Centurion" story. 

The army's experiment is 
due to end next year when a 
final report will be prepared 
for the Minister of Defence. 
He will then make a decision 
about the permanance or 
otherwise of women in the 
from line. 

Meanwhile, Private Nielsen 
has few regrets about her 
unusual life. Ask her if she 
(eels any less feminine because 
of the camouflage paint 
smeared across her face, com- 
bat jacket and heavy boots 
and she shakes her head in a 
way that dares you to disagree. 

But she did admit that 
“sometimes, when it is cold 
and wet you do think, ‘why 
didn't I stay at the office where 
it was warm and cosy instead 
of being out hereT." 

That, however, has been the 
eternal lament of the soldier 
through the ages. 

Peter Davenport 



r m p» 

Then you’ll appreciate Dry Fly, ; 

the best sherry in fifty years. 




on side 

Fresh from his tussle with 
photographer at Heathrow, _ Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the cabinet 
secretary, plans to ptay cat and 
mouse with the Autralian press, 
understand Tha> Sir Robert, who : 
appearing this week as principal 
witness in the action to prevent 

K - "cation of the memoirs of 
er MI5 spy catcher Peter 
Wright, has asked permission to 
nse the judges' entrance at the 
back of the High Court in Sydney. 
Malcolm Turnbull, the barrister 
leading the case for Heinemann, 
tells me he is stunned by the 
request for which there is no 
precedent: be a witness ever so 
h igh — even an Australian premier 
— he uses the public entrance. 
However, in deference to Sir 
Robert's desire to avoid the 
paparazzi the Aussies have of- 
fered to make available a discreet 
side entrance — but definitely not 
the one used by the judges. 

• Who says the late Vyacheslav 
Molotov was Stalin's lickspittle? 
American columnist George Will 
recalls that when, in 1948, the 
Folitibero voted to prage and 
imprison his wife, Molotov did not 
join the vote. He abstained. 

Apron string 

With the prospect of urgent work 
ahead in Knowsley, the Labour 
Party has begun the process of 
electing its new National Con- 
stitutional Committee. The body 
was dreamt up at the Blackpool 
conference to hear discipline cases 
and 120 nominations are already 
in for its three constituency party 
members, the .section most tikely 
to lend a sympathetic ear to pleas 
for mercy from those accused of 
conduct unbecoming. Opposition 
to witch-hunts, though, has its 
limits for even the hardest leftie. 
Peter Pendie, Ne wham North 
West's nominee for the commit- 
tee. is standing on a three point 
platform: “(i) no expulsion of 
Militant supporters; (ii) no expul- 
sion of Kevin Scally and Amor 
Khan (who fell foul of the party in 
Roy Hatteisley's constituency); 
(iii) the expulsion of all 

• Christopher Chape, the en- 
vironment under-secretary, has 
embarked on an unorthodox pur- 
suit of his Southampton Itches 
constituents. He has forked out 
£300 for a Mue-and-wfaite caravan 
to visit housing estates as a mobile 
problem dink. 

Miss TNT? 

A pres Miss World, a picture of 
Northern Ireland beauties clad in 
bikinis and balaclavas is conjured 
up fry a back-page ad in Ulster 
Defiant, organ of the hardline 
loyalist Ulster Clubs. Taking a few 
moments off their campaign to 
smash the Anglo-Irish agreement, 
the leaders have launched a 
competition to find Miss Ulster 
Clubs 1987. Ian Paisley, whose 
Puritanism is well known, had 
other things on his mind at the 
weekend and refused to discuss 
the contest. Given the imitative 
behaviour of Northern Ireland’s 
sectarian organizations, could the 
Provisionals soon be seen with a 
ballot box in one hand and a 
vanity case - rather than an 
Armalite - in the other? 


Tra all for firm leadership but 
giving ns the pish is a bit much' 

Joking apart 

Sheikh Zayed, president of the 
United Arab Emirates, does not 
have the same sense of humour as 
his dose friend General Zia UV 
Haq of Pakistan. During a recent 
visit to Abu Dhabi Zia was 
interviewed by a tejevision com- 
mentator on relations between 
Abu Dhabi and Pakistan. He 
joked that should Zayed want to 
take over his presidency he would, 
naturally, step down - tomorrow. 
Flattered though he must have 
been. Zayed feared the joke might 
be misinterpreted in the Emirates 
as a sign that he harbours expan- 
sionist ambitions. Much to Zia’s 
disappointment, Zayed has 
banned the interview from being 

Rope tricks 

Michael Croft, the founder and 
director of the National Youth 
theatre who died on Friday, 
always had a soft spot for former 
Labour prime minister James 
Callaghan, whom be credited with 
gening him off the ground. He 
may have had in mind not merely 
Callaghan ’s support in his strug- 
gles to finance die youth theatre. 
As a saddened Callaghan con- 
finned to me yesterday, during 
their wartime service together in 
the Navy, Able Seaman Callaghan 
instructed a youthful Croft in the 
art of stinging his hammock. 


Schools pay deal: David Hart explains why the heads refused to sign; Anne Sofer on winners and losers 

In the lead up to the negotiations 
with the local authority employers 
which started at Nottingham it 
was abundantly clear that the 
whole question of teachers* pay 
and conditions of service had 
reached a watershed. The package 
agreed at Coventry had come in 
for a torrent of criticism which, so 
for as the National Association of 
Head Teachers was concerned, 
focused on two vital aspects. 

These were the need to widen 
differentials and to create a struc- 
ture which encouraged promo- 
tions and willingness to undertake 
responsibility. To put it bluntly we 
were told by our members that the 
Coventry deal was far too egalitar- 
ian and discriminated against the 
senior members of the profession. 

Ten days before the start of the 
latest negotiations, Kennth Baker, 
the Education Secretary, gave 
details of his prescription for the 
ills which beset the profession. His 
tactics might have been question- 
able in terms of direct interfer- 
ence, let alone the threat of 
imposition, and of course his 
approach might yet backfire. But 
there can be no doubt that his 
concept struck a chord among 
many of our members. This was 
simply because he recognized that 
the senior members of the pro- 
fession are the engine-room of the 
teaching service. They must be 
rewarded with proper differentials 
and the heads and their deputies 
must be supported with a decent 
middle-management grade if 
schools are to be run effectively. 

This meant that in our negotia- 
tions we had to take the Baker 


package as a benchmark and seek 
to improve on it in salary terms as 
well as producing a solid middle- 
management structure which at 
least took on board the main 
thrust of his thinking. It is against 
this background that our reasons 
for not signing the agreement 
reached in the early hours of 
Saturday must be placed. There 
were in fact four main reasons for 
our refusal to sign. 

O On the subject of the heads' own 
contract there remains the long- 
running problem over midday 
supervision. The proposed con- 
tract sought to require heads to 
ensure good order and discipline 
during the midday break. This is 
an impossible requirement in 
schools run by many local educa- 
tion authorities which have inad- 
equately staffed and resourced 
midday supervision schemes. We 
therefore sought a commitment by 
the employers to enter into sepa- 
rate negotiations for a national 
agreement on midday super- 
vision. but this has so far been 

• We remain profoundly un- 
happy about the new negotiating 

machinery covered by the Acas 
deal. We do not support Baker's 
solution of an interim review 
committee but we do thoroughly 
endorse bis intention to wind up 
tiie discredited Burnham Comm- 
ittee. The machinery to replace it 
should be new and must, in our 
view, include a separate commit- 
tee for considering the salaries and 
conditions of service of heads and 
deputies. This the employers have 

® While it is true that salaries for 
primary beads and deputies will 
be better than under the, Baker 
package, the same cannot be said 
for many secondary beads and 
deputies. This is discriminatory 
and we are simply not pr e p ar ed to 
sell out our secondary members by 
signing. A Group 1 1 (secondary) 
bead would have a 16.4 per cent 
increase compared with a thor- 
oughly justifiable 24.5 per cent for 
a Group 4 (primary) bead. Then 
there are the differentials. It is 
ludicrous that the gap between the 
top of the classroom teacher grade 
and the salary of the bead of the 
smallest school should be only just 
over £1,000. It is equally absurd to 

have one half of all deputy heads 
earning less than £ 16,000 com- 
pared with the top of the same 
main grade, which is just over 
£15,000. In feet most heads would 
earn less than £18,000 under this 
proposal. Furthermore the salary 
levels for secondary beads and 
deputies do not adequately rec- 
ognize their very onerous 
responsibilities in terms of run- 
ning complex institutions with 
ever increasing demands resulting 
from their manag ement of re- 
sources and staffing. Compressed 
differentials are a positive dis- 

• The number of promoted posts 
and the number of levels of 
allowances for the more senior 
members of the profession to be 
placed between the main grade 
and the deputy bead are quite 
inadequate. The chances of 
obtaining such posts in the pri- 
mary sector below the largest 
primary schools are remote and 
the ability to create effective 
management structures in the 
comprehensive system is gravely 
at risk. 

Accordingly we could not assent 
to an agreement which, in our 
view, is a recipe for stagnation and 
lack of incentive for promotion on 
the part of good teachers. If the 
employers continue to fail to 
recognize the value of the vital 
contribution made by the heads 
and deputies and by their senior 
colleagues we will be putting the 
education of the pupils at risk. 
David Hart is general secretary of 
the National Association of Head 

1 have reason to believe that when 
Shakespeare referred to “The in- 
solence of office, and the spurns 
That patient merit from the 
unworthy takes” what he bad in 
mind was local government 
bureaucracy. But if 1 have reason 
to believe that, how much more 
reason have some friends of mine 
who live in Carlton Hill London 
NW8, and who have for fully two 
years now been struggling to get 
some sense into Westminster 
Council (the relevant authority), 
and foiling in a manner which 
suggests a limited edition of the 
gloomier tales of Edgar Allan Poe 
illustrated by Hieronymus Bosch. 

There is, moreover, a special 
irony in the story, in that West- 
minster Council is led by Lady 
Porter, that formidable prac- 
titioner of political rough and 
tumble whose knifework among 
the ribs of the GLC won her the 
Gold Medal of the Worshipful 
Company of Specialists in Griev- 
ous Bodily Harm. No doubt she 
cannot be everywhere at all times, 
and I do not suppose that she 
knows anything about the tale I 
am to tell; but if when she has 
read it, she would be so kind as to 
go and kick somebody in the 
appropriate office, I shall be 
obliged, and my friends will be 
considerably more so. 

When they moved into their 
house, in die 1950s. they planted a 
weeping willow in the front 
garden. The wife has, over the 
years, become an expert gardener 
(their back garden is a thing of rare 
beauty), but in 1955 she did not 
know that these trees grow very 
fast, and spread their roots both 
deep and wide. 

Dangerously so, for by 1984 
cracks were observed in the walls 
of the bouse. My friend took 
advice from the St John's Wood 
Preservation Society and from 
two firms of “tree surgeons"; she 
teamed that trimming the tree 
would only make the roots grow 
fester and further, and was ad- 
vised to remove the tree al- 
together. She had written for 
advice to Westminster Council in 
November 1984, but received no 
reply; in December, she wrote 
again, enclosing the expert advice 
she had had. With commendable 
rapidity, a council official came to 
see the tree as soon as July of the 
following year, and promised to let 
her have a written report on his 
findings. A mere three months 
later, in October 1 985, the impetu- 
ous girl wrote to inquire when she 
might have the promised report, 
and the same official who had 
burned round a mere seven 
months after be bad been apprised 
of the problem made an appoint- 
ment for another visit in late 
November. He claimed that be 
had kept the appointment; she bad 
stayed at home all day bnt did not 

Bernard Levin 

Well Lady 
Porter, what 
will you do? 


hear anyone ring the bell; he said 
he had inspected the tree from 
outside the house; later, she got a 
letter from another council official 
which gave her no advice (this was 
14 months after she had asked for 
it) but put forward an alternative 
explanation for the cracks in the 
walls that his colleague may have 
observed from the street 

By this time, her willow’s roots 
were discovered creeping under 
her neighbour’s house as well as 
her own, but when 1 suggested to 
her that if she would wait a bit 
longer they would reach West- 
minster Abbey, when the council 
might finally agree to act. she 
didn't seem amused; well such 
experience would tend to take the 
edge off anyone’s sense of hu- 

At all times, she had been 
willing, indeed anxious, to replace 
the offending willow with an 
equally beautiful tree of a kind 
which' did not entail such prob- 
lems; no notice was taken of this 
proposal, or of anything else, and 
when, towards the end of March 

1986 (now 17 months from kick- 
off), she finally got a letter which 
gave no indication that the writer 
knew anything of what bad gone 
before, she finally lost patience 
and announced that she was going 
to have the tree felled end 
replaced. Whereupon, Westmin- 
ster Council displaying a haste 
which bad throughout the sorry 
business been conspicuously ab- 
sent, served a protection order on 
the tree. 

You and I might be proud to 
have a tree with a protection order 
on it; my ungrateful friend seemed 
to think that the feci that her 
house would shortly fell down, 
along with her neighbour’s, was 
more important, so she appealed 
against the order. With almost 
insane speed, the appeal was heard 
in September 1986, five months 
after the order, and rejected. In the 
months between, however, the 
spreading roots had managed to 
block the main drain of the house 
and subsequently to smash it; the 
replacement and repairs are to 
cost some £1 0,000, and to obstruct 

both the pavement outside their 
house, and the roadway, for as 
long as it lakes to do the woric. 
Furthermore, although my 
friends' insurance seems to cover 
the cost of the work (though not 
the upheaval mess, inconve- 
nience, worry and time), it is 
obviously unlikely that their 
insurance will be extended until 
the tree, with the Hamagp it is 
causing, is removed. 

There is no further appeal from 
the second decision, but there is 
recourse to the law; my suggestion 
that it might be less trouble (and 
much less expensive) for my 
friends to hang themselves on the 
offending tree was similarly met 
with, at best, a wintry smile. 

On professional advice, notice 
was served on the council that for 
all further costs incurred in the 
way of damage to the property the 
council would be held legally 
liable; by the time most of St 
John's Wood has fallen into a hole 
in the ground it may be a tidy sum, 
and although for councillors to be 
spending the ratepayers' money 
on their own idiocy is standard 
procedure in Brent, Lambeth and 
Islington, I should have thought 
that Westminster, at least, would 
wish to avoid following those 
examples. On the other hand, my 
friends' bouse will fell down 
shortly, and tbe chance of West- 
minster Council's entire planning 
department being near enough to 
be buried under die nibble is 
obviously remote; nor, even if it 
did happen, would it be much 
consolation for my friends 
(though it would be some) when 
they are living in a tent on 
Hampstead Heath. 

Enough of this persiflage. It is 
not necessary to apportion blame; 
the feet is that Westminster Coun- 
cil have made a bad mistake, and 
somebody there (Lady Porter 
seems the obvious candida t e) 
ought to be magnanimous enough 
to take immediate steps to put it 
right. The amenities of the area, 
which are, and have always been, 
very close to my friends' hearts, 
will not be in the least impaired; 
there will still be a beantiftii tree 
where there was a beautiful tree 
before, and in addition there will) 
be two fewer citizens of West- 
minster contemplating murder. 

I know what usually happens in 
these circumstances; entrenched 
positions are taken up, hatches are 
battened down, angels are set 
dancing on the points of pins. 
That is why, however imperti- 
nently, my appeal is directed at 
Lady Porter, who can surely see 
the wood of common sense 
through the trees of procedure, 
and cut down the latter literally as 
well as metaphorically. Otherwise, 
there will be more tears than those 
of a weeping willow. 

O tm— Hw p » p n , 1886. 

The annual chorus of disapproval 
of official support for the arts has 
swelled to a particularly strident 
dimax this year as the Arts 
Council feces a threat of the first 
cash cut in its 40-year history. 
Richard Luce, Minister for the 
Arts, today announces the alloca- 
tion of his budget amid a cre- 
scendo of complaints that the 
government does not care for the 
arts and dire warnings that Britain 
is in danger of becoming a nation 
of Philistines. 

In his autumn statement, the 
Chancellor announced that the 
government's arts budget for 
1987/88 will be £338.6 million - 
an increase of £17.4 million over 
the current fiscal year. However, 
just over half of the additional 
money will be spent on a new 
British Library building at Si 
Pancras, leaving the rest of the arts 
world with an increase of around 
2.5 per cent — below the rate of 

Tbe Arts Council asserts that 
such an increase over its current 
basic funding of £110 million, 
accompanied by a projected £4 
million reduction in the allocation 
for organizations affected by the 
abolition of the GLC and the 
metropolitan counties, will leave 
it with less than this year's £135 
million. Sir Claus Moser of the 
Royal Opera House and Sir Peter 
Hah at the National Theatre are 
among those who have expressed 
concern about the effect on their 

If the Arts Council gram is in 
fact cut — at a lime when public 
expenditure in virtually every 
other sector is being increased - it 
will be presented with an un- 
pleasant set of options when it 

Real cuts in store 
for the arts 

: w 

Rhtner never 
so pessimistic 

Moser Covent 
Garden concern 

Luce: might he 
offer more? 

meets to consider its grant alloca- 
tions on November 26.Alannist 
suggestions that it may abandon 
one of the four national com- 
panies. or cut its grant in real 
terms, appear groundless. The 
option of spreading any reduction 
all around is seen as equally 

The more likely cource is that 
the Council will consider each 
client individually, try to help the 
most vulnerable, and allocate 
“standstill” grants to those 
healthy enough to survive. The 
effect "of such a measure on an 
institution like the Royal Shake- 
speare Company would be dev- 
astating. according to David 
Brierley. its general manager. 

If the current Council grant of 
just over £5 million remained the 
same, the company would be 
unable to continue in its present 
form. Its nucleus of repertory in 
the main theatres could be main- 

tained but all other activities such 
as touring and educational 
projects would face cutbacks. 

“In a sense, we Have been too 
successful in grappling with the 
financial problems that have been 
thrown at us in the pasL Somehow 
we have always been able to scrape 
by. and therefore have been 
regarded as having been crying 
wolf. But the aggregate burden of 
financial restraints in recent years 
has now brought the arts world 
very close to breaking point.” 

The problem is said to be more, 
acute among smaller regional 
organizations, many of which 
regard the annual subsidy as the 
difference between survival and 
extinction. Peter Stark, director of 
Northern Arts, is particularly 
anxious about a reduction in 
transitional funding and shares 
the Arts Council's view that it 
would wreck a complicated pack- 
age of joint funding arrangements 

negotiated with local authorities 
in the past year. 

“Government suggestions that 
the local authorities make up the 
shortfall ring rather hollowly in 
Tyne and Wear, where three of the 
five authorities are already rate- 
capped. Where are they supposed 
to get the money from to help local 
arts groups in trouble?” 

Stark sees a fragile renaissance 
in Cumbria and the North-East, 
with local politicians attracted by 
job creation possibilities offered 
by the arts in an area of high 
unemployment: “What I'm wor- 
ried about is tbat some organiza- 
tions could disappear, setting off a 
domino effect that would destroy 
confidence and bring the whole 
thing down." 

Private funding has been 
increasing throughout the coun- 
try, notably through the govern- 
ment's business sponsorship 
incentive scheme. However com- 
petition is intense and Sir Claus 
Moser, among others, believes it 
may have reached a peak. 

Tbe Arts Council says it needs 
£140 million to main tain the 
status quo but, faced with com- 
petition for funds from museums, 
national heritage organizations 
and tbe British Film Institute, is 
unlikely to get it. 

On past form. Luce wtll allay 
the Council's worst fears by giving 
it just a little more than the 
amount which it dramatically 
insists would plunge the arts world 
into financial chaos. However 
Luke Riitaer. the secretary-gen- 
eral says: “In the three years I've 
been with the Council, I have 
never been less optimistic about 
the outcome." M 

A tale of two 

On Friday, while the local educa- 
tion authority employers and the 
leaders of. tbe teachers' unions 
were staggering through the fast 
hours ortbeir negotiating mara- 
thon, I was talking to a primary 
school teacher in the Midlands. 

She b as a special responsibility 
within her school for maths and 
although she spends long hours 
outside the classroom preparing 
material, she is frustrated by her 
inability to help where most 
needed — in the classroom. Every 
class in her school has 34 or 35 
children; every teacher, including 
herselfl is a class teacher. On one 
afternoon a week, in theory, she 
goes into other teachers' classes to 
improve and co-ordinate the 
maths teaching. In practice every 
such visit this term — with two 
exceptions — has been wiped out 
by tbe need to cover for an absent 

I could not help comparing this 
conversation to one I had had a 
year or so ago with a secondary 
school teacher in London, also in 
his early thirties and on the same 
scale (Scale 2). He was free for a 
quarter of the school week but, as 
part of industrial action, he was 
refusing to cover, set or mark 
homework, write reports on pupils 
or attend staff meetings. The 
average class size at this school 
was 22. Most of its pupils had 
missed five weeks of the last 
school year because of industrial 
action, for none of which he lost 

These two examples illustrate 
the problem feeing Kennth Baker 
as he decides what to do about the 
package presented to him by the 
local authority employers. The 
proposals promise a considerable 
improvement in the working con- 
ditions of tbe first teacher class 
sizes reduced to 33, a supply 
teacher provided by the local 
authority after the first day of 
absence, and a guarantee that she 
will have time to help in 
colleagues' classrooms and they 
will be able to observe hers. 

The second teacher will be in for 
a rude shock. Everything he has 
been refusing to do under the 
policy of “withdrawal of goodwill” 
his new contract will oblige him to 
do: working a 616-hour day in 
school and carrying out, in addi- 
tion, “the essential tasks of mark- 
ing and preparing.” He will also be 
obliged to cover for the first two 
days of a colleague's absence, and 
beyond that if so required by the 
heal teacher if the local authority 
cannot obtain a supply teacher. 
"This will ensure” says the agree- 
ment with a most welcome firm- 
ness, “that no pupils are excluded 
from school.’' 

So far, so good. Strange though 
it may seem, the employers' 
proposals are tighter and more 
precise on “conditions of service” 
than Baker’s. Tbe down side is in 
tbe pay structure. Both teachers 
are now paid around £10,000: 
both will go up to around £10,800. 
But whereas, under Balter’s pro- 
posals. the first teacher would 
almost certainly have received an 
immediate “special allowance” 
for merit or responsibility, while 
the second teacher would not, and 

would have reached his ceiling at 
£12,700, under the employers* 
proposals they will both proceed 
without any bar over the next ten 
years to a ceiling of £15,000. 
Baiter’s proposals allowed far 
more flexibility in rewarding mem 
and responsibility — while keeping 
half the teaching force, of what- 
ever age or length of service, below 
a lower celling. 

Buz tbe picture is not that 
simple. The first teacher is un- 
doubtedly bound to be appointed 
a deputy or a head before long. As 
such she would do marginally 
better under the employers' pro- £ 
posals. This feci makes the 
apposition of die National Associ- 
ation of Head Teachers somewhat 

In other words. Baker has not 
got everything he wants out of this 
package but he has got a lot; and 
he has got. that pan of the deal that 
would prove to be the most 
difficult to impose through Act of 
Parliament, the conditions of 
service. Furthermore, he can 
c laim that the local authorities 
and the unions would never have 
come to their senses if he had not 
dropped his October bombshell 

The prospect of the warfare tbat 
would break out if Baker were to 
veto the deal hardly bears 
contemplation. Even if be accepts 
ft, implementation will DOt be 

easy. Tbe dissenting NAS/UWT 
could receive reinforcements from 
those parts of the NUT who will 
be enraged by the conditions their 
leaders have accepted The sig- ft 
natories have undertaken to en- 
sure that their constituents abide* 
by the terms of the agreement and 
inis presages some bloody internal 
battles between the NUT leader- 
ship and some of its more militant 

A matter that would be of 
concern to tbe government if its 
political horizons were not limited 
to the next few months is that the 
cost of the deal while it remains' 
within the envelope of 16.4 per 
cent for the next few years, 
thereafter becomes something 
more like 25 per cent Most of this 
represents much needed improve- 
ments in staffing and in-service 
training in primary schools. As an 
investment in higher standards it 
can be justified; but it would be 
dishonest of Baker to ignore it, a 
and asking too much of John p 
Pearman, the employers' leader, 
to expect him not to rub it in. 

In feet, if Baker does the 
sensible thing and accepts the deal 
(emphasizing, perhaps, that in the 
proposed review in 1990 be will 
want to pay particular attention to 
the structure) both sides will be 
vying to claim the credit A 
cartoonist might portray them as 
both waving victory banners on a 
field littered with dead bodies 
labelled “professionalism”, “par- 
ent-teacher partnership”, “extra- 
curricular activities”, and so on. 

But even those of us who /effect 
bitterly on how all of this could 
have been avoided must believe 
that this propaganda contest is 
better, by far, than continuing 

Anne Sofer is a member of the SDP #■ 
national committee. 

Henry Stanhope 

Wanted: a new 

Immigrants to this country who 
complain that they cannot speak 
English should be reminded that 
most of those who have lived here 
since the Norman Conquest can't 
speak it either. But why this 
should be so is one of the great 
unsolved mysteries of our time. 

One might just understand how 
a succession of teachers can find 
1 1 years too short a time in which 
to teach children spelling and 
arithmetic. One does not expect 
every 16-year-old to emerge with 
an intimate knowledge or even 
passing acquaintance with iambic 
pentameters and galloping dactyls. 
But one might imagine that he or 
she should speak English as it 
should be spoke. 

As it is, the average Dutchman 
or West German displays a greater 
mastery of our grammar. Few 
Frenchman commit the kind of 
solecisms which have come to be 
accepted without demur in Britaia 
like rain on holiday or summer 
colds. As a nation we make gentle 
fun of how foreigners speak our 
la n guage, but we do so on very 
poor ground. 

Does it matter? After all when a 
farmer’s wife in rural Radnor 
happily narrates: “ 'er said to 
we . . ." we know more or less 
wfaai she means. My Gujarati 
grocer might not if he met her — 
cocking his head on one side as he 
does, and surveying her through 
big brown puzzled eyes. But 
contact between them for tbe next 
generation of two is unlikely. 

It matters, however, because 
respect for the Queen's English 
remains one of the most clearly 
defined barriers between the social 
strata in Britain. One used to tell 
the classes apart by their money. 
But the working class multi- 
income family is now better off as 
likely as not, than the middle-class 
schoolmaster down the road, in 
his Fairisle pullover and second- 
hand Metro. 

House ownership is another 
delineator which is steadily being 
erased. At one time tbe middle 
manager had a mortgage while the 
shopfioor foreman paid tent Now 
both probably own their houses. 
Then there were holidays, the 
distinction between Bournemouth 
and Blackpool reflecting that be- 
tween white collar and blue, while 
the aristas wintered in Biarritz. 

Now it's the working man who 
goes abroad — and not just to 
Benidorm - while the squirearchy 
shiver in Suffolk. Pork pies are in. 
paella is out. 

The one class barrier which 
remains firmly in place, however, 
is the ability to speak the Queen's 
English. The confusion of adverbs 
and adjectives, of plural nouns 
and singular verbs, or singular 
nouns and plural verbs, marks out 
Coronation Street from 
Bridesbead — revisited or not. 
Double negatives and rhyming 
slang make nonsense of the com- 
monly held assumption that we 
have become or are ever likely to 
be, one nation. 

The problem is too far-reaching 
and too deeply entrenched for one 
man to tackle it. Her Majesty's 
Inspectorate have recently 
expresed their alarm over the 
teaching of En glish is schools — 
and if they have only just got 
round to it, what hope have the 
rest of us? 

I have, however, devised a 
simple six-word kit which, while 
not entirely self-ri ghting , might 
help out the needy in an emer- 
gency. The words are “was” and 
"were;" “did” and “done”: and 
“good” and “welL” A man on 
television recently said on being 
interviewed after a house blaze: 
“The fire were terrible. The flames 
was le aping at us ...” He was a 
very nice man, a very brave one, 
who had just treated dang er with 
the same scant respect he dis- 
played for the language. But why 
get the verbs so consistently 

Throughout the World Cup 
and, for that matter, on Match of 
the Day, our footballers, changed 
into collar and tie, say in their 
post-march inquests: “I thought 
the lads done real good Jimmy.” 
Why should they so unerringly hit 
tbe grammatical crossbar with 
their misshapen prose or sky their 
solecisms into the Kop? 

Does it matter? It does, not 
because we don't know what they 
mean but because Britain will 
never become a classless society — 
assuming that it wants to be — 
until the English tMch their 
children how to speak. It’s just 
another sample of noblesse oblige, 
or noblesse obliges, as perhaps we 
should say. 




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*«-. ^«£ nLL special 

Wth some satisfaction on her 
weekend at Camp David. So 
for that matter, can her host! 
She flew back with relations 
between Dowpmg Street and 
the Wbne House looking 
doser than at any time since 
the era of Mr Macmillan and 
John F. Kennedy a quarter of a 
century ago. 

pie difference between now 
and 25 years ago is that today 
it is the White House which 
needs reassuring. After a shaky 
performance at Reykjavik, the 
loss of the Senate in the mid- 
term elections and the dis- 
comforting disclosures on 
Iran, President Reagan 
only benefit from the endorse- 
ment of the one ally whose 
popularity in America rivals 
his own. 

The communique which fol- 
lowed their talks posed almost 
as many questions as it an- 
swered, being long on vision 
but short on detail. It was full 
of quid pro quos. Mrs Thatcher 
confirmed her support for a 
reduction in the number of 
Intermediate-range Nuclear 
Forces (INF) in Europe, while 
winning US agreement that 
shorter-range weapons should 
also be restricted — and fudg- 
ing the issue of the zero- 
option. (European doubts over 
that were being expressed for 
her by General Bernard Rog- 
ers, Nato’s own Supreme Al- 
lied Commander, before allied 
parliamentarians in Turkey 

She supported the 
president's aim of halving the 
number of strategic nuclear 
missiles within five years — 
without co mmitting herself to 
his other supposed objective of 

withdrawing them altogether 
within ten. In return for that, 
she got as much assurance as 
she could have hoped for on 
the Trident missile — and as 
much as she needs. 

Her most adventurous con- 
cession might turn out to have 
been on Star Wars when she 
confirmed her support for the 
research stage “up to 
feasibility**. This is a choice of 
vocabulary which seems to 
imply the broader interpreta- 
tion of the Anti-Ballistic Mis- 
sile Treaty (advanced by the 
US administration) which 
would allow testing of SDI 
systems outside the lab- 

As for their joint stand on 
terrorism,- she heard as she 
landed in Washington that the 
White House had Ijnflri up 
beside Britain in imposing 
economic sanctions a gainsr 
Syria. In return for that, she 
gave the President what he 
needed most of all — a 
declaration of her faith in his 
integrity. She refused to be 
drawn beyond that — but that 
was probably enough for him. 

In general terms she can 
look back upon a visit, not 
much longer than a refuelling 
stop, which confirmed that the 
special relationship is still in 
place. There are differences 
which divide the Old World 
from the New, but in respect of 
this country at least, they are 
differences of detail. This is 
why, by avoiding too much 
detail, the President and Prime 
Minister can achieve a general 
harmony of view. 

This summit was important 
to both because, while world 
affair s dominated their dis- 
cussions, it must have been 

domestic ones which prin- 
cipally occupied their minds. 
For President Reagan, in some 
trouble over Iran, the need for 
her support was very obvious. 
But for Mrs Thatcher too, 
contemplating the 1987 cal- 
endar with elections much in 
mind, the assurances she won 
are a significant boost for her 
policies and morale. 

The latest Gallup poll, con- 
ducted for Policy Research 
Associates, confirms that uni- 
lateralism remains the view of 
a small minority but that 
significant minorities are un- 
easy about particular aspects 
of nuclear weapons deploy- 
ment. Thus, 66 per cent of 
people think that Britain 
should retain nuclear weapons 
as long as the Soviet Union has 
them, compared to 27 per cent 
who disagree. But the margin 
in favour erf completing the 
programme to replace Polaris 
with Trident is narrower at 49 
to 36 per cent 

Voters generally want to be 
defended but dikike paying 
the price — and they are 
bewildered by the arithmetic 
of overkill. A strong defence 
policy, when opposed to the 
unilateralism of the Labour 
party or the unhappy com- 
promises of the Alliance, is 
more likely to win votes than 
lose them. But it needs to be 
put across by political leaders 
who have demonstrated a 
detailed grasp of the com- 
plicated issues, a responsible 
approach to aims control and 
a determination to defend 
Britain's particular national 
interest. Bearing that in mind, 
Mrs Thatcher had a Saturday 
well spent. 


It should be hardly surprising 
that leaders of the Labour 
Party are in favour of compet- 
itive sport, given that leading 
the Labour Party must be 
among the most competitive 
sports there is — combining 
the features of a steeplechase 
and of the martial arts. But the 
declaration by the Shadow 
Ministers of Sport and Educa- 
tion last week that they want to 
start encouraging competitive 
sports in schools must have 
been welcome news to many 

What Messrs Denis Howell 
and Giles Radice can do about 
it is a matter few speculation. 
But their moral backing might 
serve as a corrective to local 
left-wing pressure and stiffen 
the sinews of those who would 
like to resist it 

The declining emphasis on 
competitive sport in schools 
during the last ten years or so 
cannot be blamed entirely on 
the left. The alarming practice 
whereby local authorities who 
are strapped for cash sell 
school playing fields is more 
the responsibility of the 
present government By en- 
couraging councils to do so 
under DES regulation 909, 
ministers are presiding over 
the disposal of local assets 
whose value to the community 
should be exploited rather 
than destroyed. 

Nor are the arguments of the 
ami-team sports lobby entirely 
without foundation. Team 
games in large comprehensives 
can be an expensive luxury. 
There are, moreover, children 
who do not take to them and 

the old "make a man of you” 
philosophy can now be 
dropped without too much 
regret. There are also grounds 
for questioning whether 
hockey is the ideal game for 
■girls. It is arguably of more 
social benefit for children of 
both sexes to learn badminton 
or golf — especially if their 
preferences He that way. 

Kit the arguments are not 
mutually exclusive: The objec- 
tive for which we should strive 
is for children to have the 
choice. Spoil should not be the 
first priority of our slate or 
private schools. But it should 
not be the last one either. To 
the child who does not excel in 
class, success on the sports 
field may provide an im- 
portant means of self-ex- 
pression — and for a talented 
few, a future way of life. 

They should also be taught 
to compete. Or rather, they 
should learn how to do so. 
Children compete naturally, 
and indeed it is commonly 
pointed out that while compet- 
itive sport in schools may be 
on the decline, participation in 
team games after hours is 
growing. The danger is that, 
once freed from the con- 
straints of school discipline 
and the atmosphere of teach- 
ing, they will learn all the bad 
habits of adult sport as well as 
the good ones. The ugly 
demonstrations of selfishness, 
bad manners and aggression 
which have become common- 
place in our sporting arenas, 
reflect an the unhappiness of 
children who are growing up 
too soon. Is this what we want? 

The debate has certainly 
the imagination of ele- 
ments on the left, who equate 
competition with capitalism 
and private enterprise, hi feet 
children need equality of 
opportunity to achieve — in 
sport as in everything else. It is 
the responsibility of govern- 
ment at national and local 
level to provide that opportu- 
nity — and the signs that they 
are neglecting to do so can only 
be deeply regretted. 

It is in this light that teachers 
of an kinds, from those who 
run the egg and spoon race to 
PE instructors who might have 
it in their power to groom 
young men for sporting glory, 
should urgently reassess the 
dafter social theories now 
around. The British like most 
other nations derive great 
pleasure from international 
sport and from seeing their 
national teams perform welL 
While we should not aspire to 
a production line for sporting 
stars — as some parts of East- 
ern Europe seem to 
encourage — we neglect the 
social mores which underpin 
achievement in sport at a cost 

The Central Council for 
Physical Recreation is holding 
a conference in Bournemouth 
this week, at which the Min- 
ister of Sport will be speaking. 
It is doubtful if he (as opposed 
to the Education Secretary) 
has the powers to do much 
about it but at least he might 
use fee opportunity to reassure 
the country feat fee Govern- 
ment is aware of what is 
happening and is willing to act 
in time. 


President Yoweri Museveni of 
Uganda, who is currently in 
Britain on his first state visit, 
has brought new hope to a 
country devasted for two de- 
cades by civil war and despotic 
rulers. Since overthrowing 
General Tito Okello last Janu- 
ary, he has restored law and 
order to Kampala and the 
south and centre of fee coun- 
try. He has set up a cabinet 
comprising a abroad spectrum 
of U gan da’s old political par- 
ties, wife a promise of elec- 
tions within the next few years. 
In addition, he has begun fee 
long process of rehabilitating 
fee country’s infrastructure, 
destroyed during fee years of 
conflict His troops would 
seem, moreover, to have bro- 
ken wife the traditional Ugan- 
dan pattern of brutality, and 
generally behave well towards 

For these achievements the 
President is to be congratu- 
lated. But serious problems 
still surround him in his 
attempt to bring peace and 
unity to fee disparate tribes of 
Uganda. In the north of fee 
country, troops loyal to the 
previous government continue 
the war. In the north east, 
'cattle rustling by fee Acholi 
and Karamajong tribes contin- 
ues apace, driving peaceable 

villagers from their homes. In 
the capital, the Baganda tribe, 
who include most of fee 
country's businessmen, are 
looking for greater autonomy. 
On fee economic front, he has 
yet to take effective action to 
curb an inflati on rate of ISO 

President Museveni has 
come to Britain in search of 
economic and military aid. He 
can expect a sympathetic 
reception. The British govern- 
ment was the first to send a 
Minister, Mrs Lynda Chalker, 
to Kampala after he came to 
power. The programme which 
has been arranged for his visit, 
including talks with the Prime 
Minister, the Foreign Sec- 
retary and fee Archbishop of 
Canterbury and an audience 
with the Queen, reflects fee 
hopes which Whitehall has of 
him. Although a Marxist since 
his days at Dar-es-Salaam 
University, fee President’s 
position seems essentially 

. Britain has already commit- 
ted £18 million in aid to 
Uganda over a four-year pe- 
riod. This includes funds for 
hydro-electric power produc- 
tion at the Jinja Falls . and 
money for resettling peasants 
uprooted during fee fighting. 

More is needed for the im- 
mediate task of patching up 
the infrastructure and for mili- 
tary training. Longer term aid 
may be available from fee 
European Community and the 
major international agencies, 
but only on condition that 
Uganda adopts sensible eco- 
nomic policies. In the view of 
Western bankers. President 
Museveni should by now have 
moved towards adopting a 
realistic exchange rate and 
towards the removal of dis- 
incentives on agricultural 
production. Until such 
liberalising measures are 
taken, assistance from fee big 
institutes will not be forthcom- 

Churchill once called 
Uganda a “fairytale Land”. 
Despite its depressing history 
since independence, it still 
remains a land of promise. 
There is great agricultural 
potential which can be ex- 
ploited if the country remains 
stable. President Museveni ap- 
pears to be intelligent, un- 
corrupt and humane. Both 
Ugandans and their friends are 
hoping that he will prove as 
adept at peace as at the guerilla 
warfare whidi brought him to 
power. He deserves all reason- 
able assistance along the way. 


Refuted view on 

From ike Minister of Suae, North- 
ern Intend Office 
Sir. It is sad to see in your issue to- 
day (November 15) an article by 
Dr A. T. Q. Stewart, a distin- 
guished historian, which shows 
the extent to which, in Northern 
Ireland, impartial historical judge- 
ment can be distorted by prejudice 
and emotion. 

However tempting it may be, I 
do not propose to dissect the 
whole article, for my main quarnd 
is with the foundation of Dr 
Stewart's argument The Anglo- 
Irish Agreement enshrines the 
existing constitutional status of 
Northern Ireland - a status which 
cannot be changed except with the 
consent of a majority there; it 
pledges both Governments to 
cooperate to the full in the defeat 
of terrorism; and it seeks, by 
acknowledging the Nationalist tra- 
dition, to reduce the level of 
tension between the two commu- 
nities and support for terrorism. 

It is a total distortion to assert 
that affairs in Northern Ireland are 
being administered by the Anglo- 
Irish secretariat. It is even more 
unbelievable to claim that the 
secretariat (which exists only to 
service the inter-governmental 
ministerial con f ere n ce) is making' 
laws. The affairs of Northern 
Ireland are and will be admin- 
istered by the Government of the 
United Kingdom whose sov- 
ereignty over the Province is 
restated in fee A gr ee m e n t itself. 

The allegation by Dr Stewart 
that ‘'Mrs Thatcher has stripped 
one and a half million people of 
their democratic rights’* is frankly 
ludicrous. Unionist have, by 
their choice, boycotted fee Par- 
liament of the United Kingdom. 

Elected Unionist repre- 
sentatives have, by their choice, 
made fee end of the Northern 

voice of Ulster 

Ireland Assembly inevitable; and. 
even at the level of local govern- 
ment. Unionist representatives 
have, by their choice, done their 
best to reduce council administra- 
tion to a farce. 

These are the facts aad I have no 
doubt historians in future genera- 
tions wilf confirm them. 

Yours etc, 



Belfast. N Ireland. 

November 15. 

From Mr R. R. Fetlden 
Sir, When the Government of 
Ireland Act establishing Stormont 
was debated in the House of 
Commons in March, 1920, Sir 
Edward Ca non, reiterating fee 
traditional Unionist position that 
the only alternative to fee Union 
was separation, declared feat 
under the legislation the only part 
of Ireland “which wQi have a 
parliament is fee part that never 
asked for it”. 

Not many years later Lord 
Craigavan. the first Prime Min- 
ister of Northern Ireland, de- 
scribed and eulogised Stormont as 
“a Protestant Parliament for a 
Protestant people”. Thus in a 
comparatively short time fee un- 
wanted legislature had become the 
political symbol of the majority 
community's determination to re- 
main British. 

These statements by Northern 
Ireland's two founding fathers 
demonstrate that there is nothing 
new about the conflict between 
integration and devolution pres- 
ently afflicting their political heirs, 
fee Official Unionist Party. His- 
tory seems to be repeating itself in 
Northern Ireland. 

Yours faithfully. 


Allfarthings, West Street, 

Mayfield, East Sussex. 

Soviet fear of SDI 

From Rear Admiral Gene R. La 
Rocque, USN (retd) 

Sir, David Hart’s article, “Reagan 
really fee winner” (October 15), 
questionable assertions 
about SDI (strategic defense 
intiative) and Soviet motivation. 

Mr Hart’s assertion that SDI 
research has been quite successful 
is belied by the views of the 
scientific community. A recent 
poll of members of fee US 
National Academy of Sciences 
shows that 78 per cent said 
prospects were either “extremely 
poor*’ or “poor** that a survivable, 
cost-effective anti-missile system 
could be built wi thin the next 25 

Mr Hart believes “fee Soviet 
Union fears that its world status 
and will decline in 

perpetuity if SDI is eventually 
deployed*. We believe the Soviet 
leaders have more urgent worries. 

First, they associate SDI with a 
potential nuclear one-two punch 
delivered by the US— an attack on 

their missile silos followed by a 
missile defense to block a feeble 
Soviet retaliation. 

Second, fee Soviets fear that 
SDI technology could be used to 
develop new weapons that can be 
fired against Soviet soiL 
Third, just at the time Mr 
Gorbachov has placed economic 
reform at the top of his agenda, a 
competition in space weapons — 
added to an already overswoBen 
military budget — could wreck fee 
chances of investing in new enter- 
prises and equipment 
The Soviets have valid reasons 
to oppose SDI. They can be 
excused if they disagree with Mr 
Hart's conclusion that SDI would 
bring about “arms control”. And 
those of us who would have to pay 
fee bills can be excused if we 
conclude feat SDI would be an 
immensely costly disaster. 

GENE LA ROCQUE, Director. 
Center for Defense Information, 

1 500 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, 
Washington, DC 20005, USA 

Fight against Aids 

From Mrs A. Kanabus 
Sir, The debate about Aids screen- 
ing is confusing to many people 
due to fee use fry the medical 
profession of expressions which 
are incomprehensible to many 
members of the public. 

What does the term 
“seropositive individual” (Profes- 
sor Bracken, November 5) mean 
to the average member of the 
general public? Could we not use 
fee expression “Aids carrier”? It 
might be less medically correct, 
but at least people would under- 
stand what was being discussed. 

While we debate the rights and 
wrongs of compulsory testing, 
should we not be introducing 
better facilities for fee many 
young people who would like to be 
tested? At the moment the choice 
lies between a GP who might be 

unhelpful and who might not keep 
the results confidential: a sexually 
transmitted disease dinic, which 
is rather intimidating to those who 
are well; or becoming a Mood 

The latter is actually the easiest, 
as no potentially embarrassing 
questions are asked as to why the 
test is required. However, this is 
not a good solution with re g ar d to 
keeping the nation’s blood supply 

Should we not have walk-in 
Aids-testing clinics, wife testing 
being provided on demand, with 
fee results guaranteed confiden- 
tial, and with plenty of help 
provided for anyone found to be 
an Aids carrier? 

Yours sincerely, 


Aids Virus Education & Research 

PO Box 91, Horsham, W Sussex. 

Records on tape 

From Mr Patrick Isherwood 
Sir, As an author, Bernard Levin 
will no doubt be aware of fee part 
copyright plays in enabling him to 
benefit financially from his 
intellectual endeavours. However, 
the inevitable conclusion one 
draws from his latest outpouring 
(feature, November 10) is that he 
clearly does not value the protec- 
tion copyright affords. 

It follows that be win surety 
have no objection to photocopies 
of his latest book. In These Bays, 
being made for fee enjoyment of 
private citizens who wish to have 
the convenience of a paparback 
version for reading on trains or 
who are not prepared to pay for a 

One wonders what Times 
Newspapers, which appends a 
copyright notice to Monday's 
article (which presumably win 
find its way into a future Levin 
omnibus), will fee! about this 
apparent profligacy of one of its 

Yours sincerely, 


46 Utile Gaddesden, 

Election fever 

From Mr F. W. S. Craig 
Sir, Is there any hope of our 
scientists discovering a cure for 
fee highly infectious election fever 
which is once again spreading 
among political journalists and 
commentators? This distressing 
fever appears to have an incuba- 
tion period of about 36 months 
and seems to be caught during a 
genera! election campa i gn. 

Until the standards of reporting 
elections started to fall in the eariy 
1970 s, the disease was virtually 
unknown and any cases were rare. 
It is now spreading at an alarming 

If a cure cannot be quickly 
found, perhaps it would be best if 
sufferers were quarantined for the 
next 18 months at some Home 
Office establishment where their 
boredom could be relieved by an 
educational programme designed 
to teach them the basic facts and 
history of the British electoral 

I am, etc, 

F. W. S. CRAIG, 

18 Uncoln Green, 

Chichester, West Sussex. 

Forlorn comer of 
a foreign field 

From Mr D- M. Waller 
Sir, I have recently returned from 
a visit to Pakistan, during the 
course of which ! spent a most 
depressing hour in the Right Tai 
Kai British military cemetery in 
Peshawar, which contains the 
graves of large numbers of British 
Army personnel who died or were 
killed between the mid-1800s and 
the 1930s. 

The whole place was a sham- 
bles, mostly overgrown with 
weeds and shrubs; it appeared to 
be completely uncared for. and 
Muslim burials were taking place 
on top of the British graves. Also, 
most of those gravestones incor- 
porating a Christian cross had 
been smashed, many gravestones 
were lying in the grass, and others 
were missing altogether. In sum- 
mary, the place is in a very sorry 
state, unbefitting the memory of 
those who fought and died for the 
British Empire on fee North West 

My subsequent research has 
revealed that the care of such 
military cemeteries is outside the 
scope of the Commonwealth War 
Graves Commission and that the 
official responsibility for the 
Peshawar military cemetery now 
lies with the Church. Apparently 
fee Treasury made a final grant of 
£50.000 in respect of all fee 
military cemeteries in Pakistan, 
India and Burma in 1949, but this 
was exhausted by 1960, and no 
other British Government funds 
have since been available. 

! have been in touch wife a 
charity, the British Association for 
Cemeteries in South Asia, and 
understand that the Bishop of 
Peshawar, who is now responsible 
for the cemetery there, is unable to 
efect any improvements because 
of the prior ebiiiw of the living 
and the fabric of his cathedral. The 
Government’s assumption in 
1949 was that local communities 
should support such cemeteries, 
but the Church in Peshawar has 
neither adequate funds nor a 
sufficiently large local commu- 

Is it morally right for the British 
Government to have amply 
walked away from their 
responsibilities for this British 
military cemetery?. I do not seek 
to criticise either the Church, the 
Bishop of Peshawar, the tiny local 
British community there or the 
Council of the BACSA; I am sure 
they are all doing their best within 
their very limited resources. 
Rather, I hope that these observa- 
tions will provoke someone into 
doing something positive about 
this shocking situation. 

Yours faithfully, 


23 Ahair Way, 

Northwood. Middlesex. 

November 12. 

Safety In hospitals 

From Mr Henry Kolozyn 
Sir, As Secretary and founder 
member of the newly formed 
National Association of Health 
Service Safety Advisers, I wel- 
come the Government’s agree- 
ment to the Lords' new clause to 
the National Health Service 
(Amendment) Bill abolishing 
crown immunity for NHS 

Our current membership of 
under 30 foil-time safety advisers, 
out of nearly 200 district health 
authorities, perhaps reflects the 
low priority previously placed on 
fee health and safety of staff 
employed in the NHS. 

The Government should re- 
quire all regions and districts to 
appoint full-time safety advisers; 
after all, we were told that “the 
NHS is safe in our hands”. 

Yours faithfully, 


District Safety Adviser, 

St Bartholomew's Hospital, 

West Smithfietd, EC1. 

November 6. 

Outlook uncertain 

From M Pierre-Henri Cousin 
Sir, Miss Susan J. N. Hill (Novem- 
ber 1 1 ) is obviously not using the 
right phrase books. I am sure the 
members of the British public are 
entitled to be given every assis- 
tance in pursuing what is known 
as their favourite pastime. 

According to market research, 
the top motivations of holiday- 
makers wishing to escape from 
this island are climate and food. 
The question is, is there much to 
say when the weather is pleasant 
and generally predictable? There 
may not be, but Collins Travel 
Gem phrase books still provide 
fee user with a foil page on the 
subject of the weather (12 phrases 
plus 10 additional vocabulary 
items for those who suffer from 
severe withdrawal symptoms). 
Yours faithfully, 

P-H. COUSIN, Publisher, 

Collins Bilingual Dictionaries, 

PO Box Glasgow. 

November 12. 

Damage to science 

From Dr R. W. J. Keay 
Sir, Having observed fee science 
budget at close range for more 
than 20 years, as deputy and then 
Executive Secretary of the Royal 
Society, ! would Hire , in my 
retirement, to give strong support 

to the views expressed by Dr J. H. 
Mulvey and Dr N. A. Jefley 
(November II) 

Hie perturbations in the budget 
of the Science and Engineering 
research Council (SERC) caused 
by vagaries in fee sterling ex- 
change rate do harm both to 
British science and to Britain’s 
standing in Europe and beyond. 

In some countries fee national 
contributions to European and 
international scientific organiza- 
tions are provided by fee min- 
istries of foreisn af^urs. British 

policy has been to insist that they 
be paid from the science budget 
(L«l, from the Department of 
Education and Science), so that 
value for money may be judged 
agains t fee requirements of na- 
tional research. 

This, in my view, is good policy 
in times when exchange rates 
remain stable, but major 
fhractuations, such as fee recent 
falls in the value of the pound, 
cause acute problems. 

Naturally enough, the scientists 
complain most when falls in 
sterling mean that the SERC and 
other organizations, including fee 
Royal Society, have to cut their 
support for national research in 
order to honour Britain’s inter- 
national commitments. 

There have, however, been 
occasions when fee relative valu e 
of sterling increased and the SERC 

was able, in the latter part of the 
financial year, to disttibute un- 
expected largesse to British sci- 
ence. Such a perturbation was, to 
say the least, unsettling. 

Cbuid not the Treasury in its 
wisdom devise some means 
whereby European and inter- 
national subscriptions could be 
treated separately within the sci- 
ence budget? Could not the funds 
to pay the subscriptions, at pre- 
viously agreed levels, be met as 
required without obliging the re- 
search councils and the Royal 
Society to reduce their support for 
national science in years when fee 
exchange rates move against us. 
and without giving a b onanza 
when they move in our favour? 
Yours faithfully. 


38 Birch Grove, 

Cobham. Surrey. 


NOVEMBER 17 1845 

Mantanafy Vincent Wallace 
(1814-65) teas on immediate 
success following the first night at 
Drury Lane where if ran former 
80 performances ■ In ate lout 

eenturv it was always at demand 

and right into the 1930s it was m 
the repertoire of touring 
companies in Bninui. Tmo of Us 

melodies — " Scene® that are 
brighter?’ and •'Y&.Jetmehke u 
soldier fail" could be heard m 
countless Victorian and 
Edwardian drawing rooms. 


Despite the want of patronage 
commonly complained of on the 
| part of the public towards native 
musicians, the advent of a new 

pwgtwfH composer always exdta s 
- - - i - • - - tiwm* lii«nin,r ill 

it may be sustained in the sequel; 
and the first night of a new opera 
fay a native composer never fafls to 
attract a crowded andience with 
every marie of tiptoe expectatHm. 
Such was the case with Mr. W.V. 
Wallace’s opera of Monta na, t he 
production of which on Saturday 
night filled the bouse in every 
corner, rumour having, moreover, 
in the present instance led to fee 
anticipation that a work of merit 
waa about to be heard. The libretto, 
as fee title indicates, fa founded on 
the well-known drama of Don 
Caesar deBazan, and the librettist 
is one of long experience - Mr. 
Edward FitzbaH. 

Mr. Wallace, although hitherto 
untried as an operatic composer, 
has already earned a very consider- 
able reputation in the musical 
world as a brilliant executant on 
the pianoforte, and an elegant 
composer for that instrument. His 
acquaintance with the E n g l i sh 
public, however, dates only from 
the hut concert season. In the 
United States, Mexico, and 
throughout South America, and 
latterly hi Germany, his reputation 
is well established. In fee latter 
countries he is known as a violin 
player, in which capacity he com- 
menced his career. The entrance of 
the composer into fee orchestra to 
occupy fee conductor’s chair was 
the signal for a burst of loud and 
long greetings, which having sub- 
sided, the overture commenced. 
Weber first set the example in his 
operatic preludes of introducing 
melodies that afterwards occur in 
fee opera, thus rendering fee 
overture a species of characteristic 
pot pourri to prepare fee mind of 
fee audience for what is to follow. 
Mr. Wallace, in the train of nine 
modern composers out of ten, 
profited by the hint, and his 
overture, a brilliant tWnugh ram- 
bling piece of orchestration, in' 
vohnes some of the most striking of 
fee motives whidi he subsequently 
employs. The key is D minor, and 
the countersubjects are introduced 
wife approved deference to fee 
conventual relationship of modes. 
A bit of fogal writing in fee middle 
of fee overture, though It conveys a 
notion of the author’s contrapuntal 
skill, has not much to do with fee 
general d e si g n . In spite of fee 
imperfect ex ec utio n of the orches- 
tra (owing to msu£5c8nt rehears- 
als), fee overture obtained an 
encore, in the teeth, however, it 
must be said, of some sturdy 

The second act begins wife a 
ballad in A for LazariDo . . . 

A barcarole trio fur Don Caesar 
I^zanllo and Don Jaet, the few 
opening bare of which remind, in 
character, of the popular serenade 
in Don Pasquale. involves a fresh 
and simple melody, which at once 
appealed to the sympathy of fee 
audience, who encored it simulta- 
neously. A wag, so to speak, 
vociferated “Once more”, but the 
joke was ill-placed, since the 
demand for repetition was not only 
merited, but unanimous. Another 
encore followed for a cavatina, by 
Don Caesar, in C Major, “Yes, let 
me like a soldier fail,” which Mr. 
Harrison vociferated wife super- 
abundant energy. We suspect this 
encore was rather attributable to 
the sentiment (a direct appeal to 
the gallery) in the words than to 
any merit either in the music or 
singing, the former of which was 
vapid and bombastic, and the latter 
noisy and vulgar— 

The third act commences wife a 
recitative and air for Maritana 
replete wife melody and aenthnent. 
The air “Scenes that are 
brightest,” in F major, was sung to 
perfection by Mire Romer, and 
encored wife zealous unanimity. A 
recitative and air in E flat for Don 
Jose. “No, my courage,” delivered 
by Mr. Phillips wife noisy energy 
and much ornament of gesture, 
narrowly escaped an encore, and 
would doubtless have obtained it 
but that fee a u di en ce were fatigued 
with so many calls for repetition— 

Phrase or fable? 

From Mrs A. H. Blade 
Sir, “Cheer up for Chatham, 
Sheernasty is in sight” was a 
version of Mr Hare’s expression 
(November 7) that I frequently 
heard, in similar rirucmstances, 
during my childhood in Chatham 

I grew up in Royal Marine 
circles there during the eariy 

Yours truly, 


2 Park Avenue, 

Harpenden, Hertfordshire. 

Once bitten 

From Mr William P. Ryan 
Sir, Dog owners accept postman- 
biting as a normal activity for their 
animals (Fourth leader, Novem- 
ber 8). An Irish postman gave me 
what he considered an extreme 
example of this. At a farmhouse he 
was attacked by a sheepdog which 
took hold of his leg. While he was 
trying to shake off the dog, the 
farmer’s wife rushed out crying, 
“Stop, stop, postman, you will 
loosen his teeth.” 

Yours faithfully. 


28 Montpelier Hill, 

, Dublin 7, Republic of Ireland. 








November 16: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips. Pa- 
Iron. Royal Lymington Yacht 
Club, this evening attended the 
Annual Dinner or the Qub at 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by "Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Hampshire 
(Lieuienant-Colonel Sir James 
Scott, Bu) and the Commodore 
of the Club (His Honour Judge 

The Princess Anne. Mis Mark 
Phillips, attended by Mis Timo- ] 
thy Holdemess Roddam. trav- | 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's FlighL 

By command of The Queen, 
the "Baroness Hooper (Baroness 
in Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
evening upon the arrival of The 
President of the Republic of 
Uganda and welcomed His Ex- 
cellency on behalf of Her 

Nominations for 

The annual nomination of 
sheriffs for England and Wales, 

v. ith the exception of the City of 
London, Greater Manchester. 
Merseyside and Lancashire, 
took place on November 12 at 
the Law Courts in London in 
presence of the Lord Chief 
Justice. (Lord Lane), and other 
High Court judges. 

The names will go to Bucking- 
ham Palace for the Queen, at a 
meeting in March with the Privy 
Council, to select the sheriff for 
each county, by “pricking" the 

The Sheriffs Act of 1887 
which governs the election, lays 
down that the “pricking" shall 
be done with a “long needle". 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lieutenant-General Sir 
Richard Goodwin will take 
place at St Mary's Church. Bury 
St Edmunds on December 4. 
1986 at noon. Those attending 
are asked to be seated by 1 1.50 


A service of thanksgiving and 
remembrance for the life of Miss 
Robina Scott Addis will be held 
at St COlumba's Church of 
Scotland, Pont Street, London. 
SW3. at noon on Tuesday, 
December 9. 1986. 

Parliament this week 

Commons. Today (2.30): 
Continuation of debate on the 
Queen's Speech (Local govern- 
ment and Scotland). 

Tomorrow (2.30k Continuation 
of debate on the Queen's Speech 
(Industry and employment). 
Wednesday (2.30k Conclusion 
of debate on the Queen’s Speech 
(The economy). 

Thursday (230): Debate on the 
Peacock report on financing the 

Friday (9.30k Debate on Aids. 
Lords. Tomorrow (2.30): 
Continuation of debate on the 
Queen's Speech (Home affairs 
and the environment). 
Wednesday (2.30k Conclusion 
of debate on the Queen's Speech 
(Economic affairs and the 

Thursday (3k Debate on nuclear 
power in Europe. 

Middle Temple 

The Masters of the Bench have 

0 . 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother will attend the Royal 
Variety Performance at the The- 
atre Royal, Drury Lane, on 
November 24. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Patron 
and Twelfth Man of the Lord's 
Taverners, will present the 
Britannic Assurance County 
Championship Trophy to the 
Essex County Cricket Club at 
Buckingham Palace on Novem- 
ber 25. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, patron 
and trustee, will attend two 
receptions at St James's Palace 
on November 25 for young 
people who have reached the 
gold standard in the Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award. 

The Princess of Wales. Patron of 
the British Lung Foundation, 
will attend a gala concert, in aid 
of the foundation, at Merchant 
Taylors' Hall on November 25. 

Princess Anne will attend a ball 
organised by St Loye's College 
for the Disabled at the 
Hurlingham Cub on November 

Junior Chamber 

Dr Richard Crane, aged 32. a 
geologist with British Petro- 
leum, has become the first 
Briton to receive the “Outstand- 
ing Young Person of the World" 

It is the highest honour 
conferred by the Junior Cham- 
ber International. He was nomi- 
nated by the British Junior 
Chamber and received the tro- 
phy last Wednesday from Mr 
Moncef Barouni. the 
organization's world president, 
in Nagoya. Japan. 

On New Year’s Day 1985 he 
cycled to the summit of Mount 
Kilimanjaro. Africa's highest 
peak, and this year be cycled 
through the Tibetan plateau 

Birthdays today 

Dr S. L Bragg. 63: Dr G. 
Buhner. 66: General Sir Philip 
Christison. 93; Mr Peter Cook. 
49; Miss Fenella Fielding. 52; 
Mr Michael Freeman, 55; Colo- 
nel Sir Alastair Graesser, 71; the 
Rev Dr Kenneth Greet. 68; Sir 
Patrick Hamilton, 78; Mr Colin 
Hayes. 67; Mr J. L. Lowther, 63; 
Sir Charles Mackerras, 61; Sir 
Godfrey Messervy, 62; Sir Leslie 
Murphy. 71; Lord Polwarth. 70; 
the Right Rev John 
Satterthwaite. 61; the Right Rev 
Cyril Tucker. 75. 

Service Dinner 

Light Infantry 

Viscount Falmouth, Lord 
Lieutenant of Cornwall, was the 
principal guest at the Cornwall 
dinner of the Light Infantry 
Officers' Club held on Saturday 
at the Falmouth Hotel. Briga- 
dier J. Hemsley, Deputy Colo- 
nel (Somerset and Cornwall), 


Variety Club of Great Britain 
Mr Harry Goodman, Chief 
Barker of the Variety Club of 
Great Britain, presided at a 
dinner held last night at Grosve- 
nor House in honour of Sir 
Harry Secombe and to mark his 
forty years in show business. 
The other speakers were Vis- 
count Tonypandy. Sir Geraint 
Evans. Mr Jimmy Taxbuck and 
Mr Ron Moody. 

Stevenage Coil of Further Education. 
North East London Polytechnic and 
Wolfson COM. Cambridge. 

Queen Elizabeth GS. Blackburn end 
Lancashire Polytechnic; JMA dorr 
Bradfldd and Onlv Con London. MJ 
Cogan: St Richard of Chichester S and 
North East London Polytechnic. Miss 
FM Gibb: Wlthlngion arts' S. Man- 
chester and Urtv of Birmingham; Mbs 
AKH Fax: Merchant Taylors' S for 
Girls. Liverpool and Liverpool Utdv: 
misj J Stannard: Bedford HS and 
umv Coll. London: GR Walters; 
Bromsgrove S and Unlv of Wales 
InsfltulP of Science A Technology. 

J B MONTAGU: JR BurchilL Bryn leg 
Comprehensive S. Bridgend and Unlv 
CBfl of Wales. Aberystwyth: Mbn TA 
Clark: Girts HS. Gloucester and Unlv 
of Aston. Birmingham; SM Croall; 
Stockport GS and Emmanuel ColL 
Cambridge: Miss E veals: Gleoeiands 
County Secondary S. Godalmlng 
Sixth Farm Coll and Birmingham 

Miss Fiona Barton. 

Toma Clark. 

J J POWELL PRIZE: Robert Adder- 

Mye non. 

Mbs Tonla Clark. 



The Baron Dr C Ver Heydcn de 

Lanccy Open Awards 

fin order of mertU: Adam Shulkevarc 

Robert Anderson: MU> Tonla Clark. 


Europes conference island ... 
with all the trimmings. 

Atmosphere can play a 
big part in the success 
of your conference. Only 
an hour from London. __ 

Guernsey offers a unique fQT))] |N j] 
blend of England and _ — — - 

the Continent - in its |« 

buildings, its names its ^ “ 

food and drink (VAT-free). . — — 

and its very air which ■ To Michael l 

manages to be both . I 

bracing and relaxing; | Guernsey 

The facilities are extensive; j Plea se sen d 

the services professional; i ConferBncc 

and the overall costs j Na me _ 

including flights highly I 

competitive. Its a good | A * ,ress — 

place to hold a meeting. ■ 

In fact, its an inspiration. ’ . 


rv Michael Raul. Conference Officer. I 
I Dept 17. Guernsey Conference I 
. Bureau. PO Box 23. White Rock, * 
f Guernsey. Cl Tel 0481 26611 J 
I Please send me a Guernsey i 

| Conference Information Dossier I 

Mr AJ. Brame 

and Miss EJL.A- Host 

The engagement is announced 

between Allan John, son of the 

Mr BJ. Monks 
and Miss C. Bootes 
The engagement is announced 
between Barry, only son of Mr 

late Mr and Mrs AJ. Brame, of and Mrs J. Monks, of Ricb- 

Oxton, Birkenhead, and Eliza- monti, Surrey, and Caroline, 
belli Louise Anne, younger only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Gordon VAW. Bootes, of Graigue 
H. HunL of Wirral. Merseyside. House. Woking, Surrey. 

Mr N.B. Comkk Dr M.L Nicholas 

and Mrs P.E. Spence and Dr Y.H. Bohm 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Noel, elder son of the between Martin, son of Mr and 
late Mr E.A. (Ted) Comick and Mrs E Nicholas, Cold Aston, 
of Mrs Betty Corn ick. of Wey- Gloucestershire, and Yvonne, 
mouth, Dorset, and Philippa, younger daughter of Dr and Mrs 
only daughter of the late Mr L. Bohm, Hampstead. 

Raymond Thompson, OBE 

and of Mrs Dorothy Thompson, Mr S.W. Place 

of Dundonald, Co Down, and Miss AJ. Carney 

Northern Ireland. The engagement is announced 

between Stuart William, elder 
Mr D. Facey son of Mr R.W. Place, MBE. 

and Miss D. Welham ■ RE ME, of the Sultanate of 

The engagement is announced Oman, and Mrs M.L. Place, of 
between David, son of Mr and Scarborough, and Alston. only 
Mrs Alan E. Facey, of daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 
Han worth, Middlesex, and Deb- Camey, of Widnes, Cheshire. 

orah. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
David Welham, of Herst- 
monceux. East Sussex. 

Mr DJL Todd 
and Miss AJVI. Digby 
The engagement is announced 
between Ric. son of Mr and Mrs 
George Todd, of Rugby, 
Warwickshire, and Alison, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Digby. of Worthing, Sussex. 

Mr AS. Hall 
and Miss SUL Hart 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, only son of Mr 

Mr J.M. Rand 
and Miss J.N. Hayek 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mrs M. Rand, of Downside 
Farm, Cob ham, Surrey, and 
Janet, only daughter of the late 
MrN. Hayek and Mrs A. Hayek, 
of Sun bury on Thames, 

Mr PJ3. Richardson 
and Miss A.T. Evans '' 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, only son of 
Brigadier and Mrs P.H. 
Richardson, of Lymington, and 

and Mrs R.T. Hall, of Amanda Thertse. only daughter 
Kettlestone, Norfolk, and of Mr and Mrs Liyn Evans, of 

Sharon, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs M.G.T. Hart, of 
Ringstead, Norfolk. 

Mr J J. Hosting 
and Miss L. Hammersty 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy John, second 
son of Mr and Mrs Roger 
Hosking, of Oxted, and Lisa, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Norman Hammersty, of Lark- 
spur. California. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

The Honourable Maurice Eu- 
gene Casey, a judge of the New 
Zealand Court of Appeal, to be a 
member of the Privy Council. 
His Honour John Byrt, QC, to 
be President of the Social Sec- 
urity Appeal Tribunals and 
Medical Appeal Tribunals for a 


Mr S J. Richardson 
and Miss ILM. Stevenson 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, elder son of 
Mrs F. Yeo, of Ardanaiseig. 
Argyll, and Mr D. Richardson, 
of Aliington. Wiltshire, and 
Kathryn, youngest daughter of 
the late Mr and Mrs FJ. 
Stevenson, of Richmond, 

in the Forces 


The following appointment has 
been approved: 

Mwr Central J Si J Grey to be Chief 
of Staff to Die Commandant General 
Royal Marina, in succession to Malar 
General JMC Garrod. on February Zfi 

,9S7 - „ 

The Army 

further two years from Novera- The following promotion to the 
ber 7 1986 to November 6 1988. substantive rank of Chaplain to 
His Honour Judge Shindler. the Forces 2nd Class has been 
QC to be Resident Judge at approved with effect from 
Inner London Crown Court, in November 6 1986: 
succession to His Honour Judge "*^ rend " - H ^r rty CF ?. 
Mason. QC, who will retire on General Sir Thomas Morony. 
January 9 1987. Master Gunner. St James's 

Mr Anthony Drayeott. Mis Park, relinquished the appotot- 
Taaya Parker and Dr Carol mem as Aide de Camp General 
Smart to be members of the loThe Q ueen on November 1 1. 
Legal Aid Advisory Committee. Royal Air Force 

Dr Margaret BranUiwaite of the ughes has t*en 

Brampton Hospital. Fulham appotmwi AKiM^canip io h« mji 
Road, London, to be Chairman m Q suore»i«f n io r< ^«S D ^ol£n^j 
of the Intensive Care Society for R *g? oup Captam M A9hall ^ 
the ensuing year. appointed Ai ^Camp to Her Mal- 

Mr Tom Frost, Mr Michael MS.'WSS? SJSSS *k!R 
Perry, Mr Bill Jordan. Mr wumie. 

Michael Hoffman and Dr Alan ” " ~ 

Hayes, to be members of the BCGCulSiWl] 

British Overseas Trade Board. Tiifnriol Cnllona 
Lieutenant-Colonel Donald S 1 UtOnal College 

Duke. Dr William Ferguson and Beechlawn Tutorial College 
Mr William H Strawson to be celebrates its fortieth anniver- 
Deputy Lieutenants for the sary in 1987. Would former 
County of Humberside. students interested in attending 

Mr Oscar Colburn and Mr John a summer re-union please write 
James, to be re-appointed to The Secretary. I Park Town, 
Crown Estate Commissioners. Oxford, as soon as possible. 

Science report 

Collision theory on moon’s 
birth shows new promise 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


Founder of the National Youth Theatre 

Princess Caroline of Monaco admiring a bouquet of exotic Cowers during a visit to an 
exhibition by the Monte Carlo Garden Club at the weekend. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J.G. Schofield 
and Mbs N_A. Speedy 
The engagement is announced 
between John Gordon Scho- 
field, of Wimbledon, only son of 
Mrs D. Schofield, of : 
Saddleworth. Yorkshire, and 
Ngaire .Anne, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs W. Speedy, of j 
Pipibank. Dannevirke, New 
Zealand. The marriage will take 
place on March 28, 1987, in 
New Zealand. 

Mr D.M. Groce 
and Miss SJ. Christopherson 
The engagement is announced 
between Dominic Michael, 
third son of the late Mayor 
Hamish Grace and of Mis H. 
Grace, of 41 Alderville Road, 
London, and Sara Jane, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Stanley D. 
Christopherson, of Tfaormby 
Farm, St o wring, Kent 

Mr C.R. Vickers 
and Miss ILS.E. CobboM 
The engagement is announced 
between Colin Richard, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs Peter 
Vickers, of 18 Park Meadow, 
Hatfield. Hertfordshire, and Ro- 
we □ a Sarah Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Mr Richard 
Cob bold, of Holbrook Lodge, 
Holbrook, Suffolk, and Mrs 
Christopher Lewis, of Glebe 
Farm. Hinton Waldrist. 
Faringdoo. Oxfordshire. 


MrN. Rowe 
and Miss J JL Peregrine 
The marriage took place at St 
Peter’s Church, Carmarthen, on 
November 8, between Mr Nigel 
Rowe, only son of Mr and Mis 
Bernard Rowe, of Llandaff, 
Cardiff, and Jane, only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Gwilym Pere- 
grine. of Carmarthen, Dyfed. 

Mr P.R. Wright-Menis 
and Mrs Cl. Campione 
The marriage took place quietly 
in Chelsea, on Saturday, 
November 15, between Mr 
Roger Wright- Morris and Mrs 
Carolyn (Bunny) Campione. 

Latest wills 

The Rl Hon Lord Maybroy- 
King, of Southampton, Deputy 
Speaker of the House of Lords 
since 197], and Speaker of the 
House of Commons from 1965- 
70, left estate valued at £127.745 
net. He left £L000 to AS BAH, 
£500 each to Help the Aged, 
BLE5MA, the the Loyal Order 
of Moose, Winscombe, Avon; 
and his clothes to the WRVS, 
Southampton, “to be distrib- 
uted to poor people.'' 

Gwendoline Jane Parke, oi 
Malvern, Worcestershire, left 
estate valued at £628,880 net. 
After personal bequests, she left 
Sir Edward Elgar’s copy of The 
Dream of Geroraha to the 
Philhannonia Music Society 
and £10.000 to die Community 
of Douai Abbey, Woolhampton, 
Berkshire, and the residue of her 
estate equally between the Bir- 
mingham Roman Catholic 
Archdiocese; for the training of 
priests, the Musicians’ Benevo- 
lent Fund. Cancer Research. 
Arthritis Research. Action Aid. 
Converts' Aid Society and the 
Hospice for the Dying at 

Mrs Janet Watson Ashcroft, 
of Parkgate. Cheshire, left estate 
valued at £405,434 neL 

Mr Victor Barnett of London 
N2 left estate valued at £433.097 

Computer calculations and 
detailed observations from 
spacecraft have revived the the- 
ory that the Moon was formed 
from a giant collision in space. 

The theory, once rejected as 
improbable, is ob (lined in the 
current issue of Nature. 

When the first Moon rocks 
were retrieved by astronauts 
more than 17 years ago, sci- 
entists believed they woold settle 
long standing arguments about 
Us origin. Was U torn from the 
Pacific Ocean, was it a wander- 
ing asteroid captured by the 
earth, or was h formed by a more 
complicated process? 

The various ideas each bad 
their school of supporters, but 
individual theories also had 
some flaw in their mechanics- 

The collision theory, which 
fits the idea of the more com- 
plicated process and also rec- 
onciles many of the scientific 
differences, » offered as the 
most promising explanation for 
the birth of the Moon. 

The proposition is backed bj 

computer simulations of the 
turbulent conditions prevailing 
ions ago, when planet Earth bad 
just taken shape from a cloud or 
gas and dost. 

The new computer calcula- 
tions incorporate the most recent 
findings of the geochemical and 
physical data of the moon and of 
that star formation. 

At the early turbulent stage, 
our planet is described by Dr 
Alan Boss, from the Department 
of Terrestrial Magnetism. Car- 
negie In s tit u t i on of Washington, 
in the United States, as the 
Prof Dearth. 

The hypothesis he supports is 
that a great collision occurred at 
this early stage with another 
celestial object the size of Mars. 

The formation of the Moon 
came from the debris of that 

Detailed observations of the 
planets by scientific spacecraft, 
and the ose of that information 
in refinement by theoretical 
astronomers of the formation of 

terrestrial planets, suggests the 

occ u rre nc e of impacts on such a 
scale at the primitive period of 
evolution of such bodies as those 
in the solar system. 

According to Dr Boss, move 
accurate calculations about the 
giant impact theory coincide 
with the demise of competing 

The new calculations show 
that a giant impact provides a 
reasonable mechanism for 
injecting a mass of matter into 
earth orbit of the right amount to 
account for (be formation of the 

Chemical analysis of lunar 
samples is consistent with the 
stale of ihe Moon formed by the 
collision of these two bodies. 
Furthermore, an origin as vi- 
olent as that proposed is also 
consistent with the large-scale 
melting thal was required to 
produce the Magma (molten 
rock) that forms the “oceans" of 
the lunar surface. 

Nature. Volume 324. Pi 10-111. 


Mr Michael Croft OBE, 
founding director of the Na- 
tional Youth Theatre, died on 
November 1 5 at the age of 64. 

Croft's nam e will always be 
i associated with the enterprise 
that he launched from 
Alleyn's School thirty years 
ago. He devoted the rest of his 
lire to it as director, talent- 
scout, fund-raiser and vision- 
ary campaigner. From first to 
last it was an uphill fight, and 
without Croft's leadership it is 
unlikely that the NYT would 
have survived. 

Mi chad John Croft was 
born on March 8, 1922, and 
educated at Burnage Gram- 
mar School, Manchester, and Youth Theatre toured HoL 
Keble College, Oxford. During land and was invited to the 
the war he served in the RAF Paris Festival, where it cou- 
and Royal Navy, and after a quered the vast expanses of 
short period as an actor took the Sarah Bernhardt Theatre 
up teaching. to win the approval of French 

From 1950 to 1955 he was critics. Hamlet, at this stage 
English master at Alleyn’s the baste weapon m the 
School, Dulwich, and estab- company s armoury, toured 
lished a reputation there for a schools under the auspices of 
series of excellent productions Weskers Centre 42. 
of Shakespeare there. He also in 1961, after five years of 
wrote a novel, Spare the Rod, peripatetic activity, the com- 
which appeared in 1954 and pany received a grant from the 
had a considerable success. Ministry of Education, and 

The Youth Theatre began was finally able to settle in 
life as a holiday educational premises m Ecdeston Square, 
theatre group involving London. From then on rt was 
schoolboys, intitially from known as the National Youth 
Alleyn’s and Dulwich College. Theatre. 

In the summer of 1956 it For some years Shakespeare 
mounted its first production, with an educational slant con- 
Hamlet, at Toynbee hall Lai- tinued to be at the core of the 
er, more schools were in- company’s activities. But pro- 
volved in a production of ductions of David Halliwell's 
Henry IV. Part II, which also Little Malcolm and his Strug- 

went to Manchester 

By 1959 it had reached the 
West End, no mean achieve- 
ment for a group which had 
nothing modish to offer but, 
instead, youthful vigour, hon- 
esty and a decent respect for 
the discipline of blank-verse 
speaking. Still with an all-male 
cast, its Hamlet at the Queen's 
Theatre was well received. 

In the following year the 

Manchester gle Against the Eunuchs and 
Peter Terson’s Zigger-Zagger, 
d reached the 10 >966 and 1967 ushered in a 
lean achieve- new era, in which the compa- 

ny concentrated on new plays, 
particularly those written for 

Money, in spite of grants 
from a variety of trusts, 
continued to be a problem, 
which began to have its effects 
on standards of production. A 
critic dscribed the cast of a 

touring Romeo and Juliet as g 
looking like “The first reserves r 
playing a particularly difficult 
away match", and in 1967 
Croft threatened to "join the 
brain drain” if his proposal for 
a youth recreational centre 
and theatre in London did not 
win with more support. 

Much Is rightly made of its 
flair for discovering stars, such 
as Derek Jacobi, Helen 
Mirren. Ben Kingsley and 
Diana Quick. Some 200 for- 
mer NYT members we nt on 
to achieve successful careers 
on the professional stage, and 
for the past 26 years the 
British Council has des- 
patched NYT companies ^ 

From Croft's viewpoint, 
however, such successes were 
never more than a by-product 
of his basic purpose of using 
the theatre as an instrument 
for youth tr aining , in which 
personal and social develop- 
ment counted for as much as 
artistic experience. The pur- 
pose was and remains to build 
teams, not to create stars. 

For this reason, the NYT 
met with a grudging response 
both from the established 
Youth Service and from the 
Arts Council - to which its 
work became visible only after 
it produced professional ac- 
tors. From the late 1950s he 
began setting up other youth 
theatres around the country, 
now amounting to some 400 
local companies. But his 
dream of creating a London 
centre for round-the-year ac- # 
tivities came to nothing. 

The only base he found (in 
1970) was the Shaw Theatre, 
which was strictly a perfor- 
mance space rather th a n a 
home for its members. Sup- 
ported since the 1960s by a 
grant from the Ministry of 
Education, the company's 
support from elsewhere was 
precarious; and last January 
its Arts Council grant was 

Croft was unmarried. 


Miss Siobh&n McKenna, 
actress and scholar, died in 

her performance of the title 
role in St Joan, at the Arts 

Dublin yesterday at the age of Theatre, in 1954. From the 

63. Her most famous role was 
as Shaw's St Joan (Arts, 1954), 
though she was also memora- 
ble in Synge, Sean O’Casey 
and Chekhov. 

She was bom in Belfast on 
May 24, 1923, but when she 
was still young the family 
moved to Galway, and she 
was educated at Si Louis 
Convent, Monagahan, and 
University College, Galway, 
where her father held the chair 

moment she made her en- 
trance. barefoot, in a tattered 
red flannel dress, she held the 
audience spell-bound 
An Irish girl was. anyway, 
an inspired piece of casting for 
the Maid of Lorraine. But in 
addition # she brought to the 
part both the necessary peas- 
ant qualities, earthy and hu- 
morous, and the lofty vision 
of Shaw’s anachronisticalfy 
Protestant sainL She herself 

in mathematics. She herself said thal Joan's character was 
took a First in English, French merely a reflection of her own, 

and Irish literature. and it was always her favour- 

Gaelic was the only lan- ite role. Contemporary opin- 
guage she spoke at home until ion was that her performance 
she went to school, and as she equalled - even surpasssed - 
grew up she became involved that of Sybil Thorndike, 
in the Gaelic theatre. Her first In 1955 she went to Ameri- 

siage appearances were in ca where she made her debut 
Irish-language versions of Eu- at the Ethel Barrymore The- 
ropean classics at Galway's An atre as Miss Madrigal in The 
Taibbdheare. She played a Chalk Garden. The following 
Gaelic Lady Macbeth and year she played St Joan at the 
roles in O’Casey and Eugene Sanders Theatre. Cambrid^, 
O'Neill, as well as translating Mass., and later came beck to 
Shaw's St Joan - to create for New York with the role. At the 
herself the title role in Gaelic- Phoenix Theatre it got the 
and J. M. Barrie's Mary Rose, same awed reception as in 
In 1 943 she went to Dublin London two years before, 
and for the next few years She did a good deal of work 
appeared at the Abbey The- in North America over the 
atre. There she played English- next five years, appearing, 
language parts, but also got the among other roles, as Viola, 
chance to tour in a number of directed by Tyrone Guthrie at 
Gaelic ones. In 1947 she made Stratford, Ontario, and as 

her first appearance on the 
London stage as Nora Fintry 
in The White Steed at the 
Embassy and Whitehall the- 

Fron then onwards she was 
busy for a while in Britain. In 
London her roles included 
Regina in Ghosts at the Em- 
bassy (1951) and the title role 
in Htfoise at the Duke of 
York's in the same year. She 
was Pegecn Mike in The 
Playboy of the Western World 
at the 1951 Edinburgh Festi- 
val, and in 1932 she had nine 
months at Stratford. 

These performances were 
all well received but she came 
to a greater prominence with 

Lady Macbeth, at the Cam- 
bridge, Mass. Shakespeare 

She was back in Europe in 
1 960, louring A Playboy of the 
Western World to the Dublin, 
Edinburgh, Paris and Florence 
festivals. Pegeen Mike was 
another of her great roles, and 
her enthralling voice seemed 
utterly fitting for Synge’s pur- 
poses. The only possible criti- 
cism was that her sheer 
intensity always threatened to 
relegate whoever played 
Christy Mahon to oblivion. 
Synge's play made one of her 
few significant film roles, in 

Though she could get parts 

wherever she liked, she never 
really tore herself away from 
Ireland to achieve internation- 
al stardom. In the opinion of 
some, she was not - curiously, 
given her undoubted literary 
intelligence - a good chooser of 
a role for herself at first 
reading, and found herself in 
too many inappropriate ports. 
Certainly. Ireland remained 
her theatrical as well as do- 
mestic home, and Dublin was 
the scene of her third great 
role, Juno in O'Casey's play, 
at the Gaiety, in 1966. Appear- 
ing with Pbter O'Toole and 
Jack McGowran, she turned 
in a performance that, some- 
how, avoided all histrionics, 
to produce a Juno who was 
unpretentious and universal. 

Among landmarks jn her 
later career were her solo 
shows, Here Are Ladies 
(1970), an anthology of wom- 
en as seen by Irish writers 
from Yeats to Joyce and 
James Stephens; and her por- 1 
trayal of Sarah Bernhardt 
(1977), who had been an early 
inspiration. This was also 
filmed. Her Agrippina in 
Briiannicus (Lyric, Hammer- 
smith, 1971) was also 

Though passionately Irish - 
in youth she was the classic 
red-haired beauty - Siobhan 
McKenna was not given to 
political utterance. She got 
herself into hot water in 1959 
with some remarks on the 
status of Northern Ireland. 
These drew from the then 
Prime Minister of the prov- 
ince, Lord Brookebo rough, 
the opinion that she needed 
spanking, and she never again, 
perhaps surprisingly, involved 
herself in political controver- 

She was appointed to the 
Council of State of the Repub- 
lic of Ireland in 1 975, and held 
honorary doctorates from a 
number of universities. She 
married, in 1946, the film 
actor. Denis O’Dea. He died 
in 1978, and she is survived by 
a son. 


Mr L. G. Whyte, CBE. who 
died on November 11, at the 
age of 80, was a Scottish 
actuary who expanded his 
career into finance and indus- 
try, to become involved in 
coal, cars, unit trusts and 

He was, variously, chair- 
man of the London and 
Manchester Assurance Com- 
pany (1961-7S); a member of 
the National Coal Board 
( 1 963-66); deputy chairman of 
the British Leyland Motor 
Corporation (1968-72); and 
chairman of the Transport 
Holding Company (1971-73). 

Lewis Gilmore Whyte was 
born on October 9. 1906, and 
educated at Trinity College, 
Glen almond. He first worked 
as a junior clerk with Scottish 
Amicable. After passing his 

Erich Koch, former Nazi 
Gauleiter of the Ukraine and 
Defence Commissioner in 
East Prussia, died on Novem- 
ber 12 in a Polish prison. He 
was 90 and. apart from Hess, 
the oldest surviving Nazi in 

At the end of the war he 
managed to evade capture for 
five years. Having been iu 
charge of evacuating works of 
an from Poland, he had 
amassed considerable wealth, 
and this enabled him to set 
himself up in a large villa 

actuarial exams in 1929, he 
joined the stockbrokers, 
Buckmaster and Moore. 

In 1940 he went to Equity & 
Law Life. He was soon a 
director, and from 1950 to 
1963 was on the board of Save 
& Prosper. When he joined 
the London and Manchester 
his skill in investments made 
hin successively chairman of 
the investment committee 
and of the company. 

His reputation grew and 
made him sought after by 
companies operating in 
spheres other than insurance. 

Whyte was a blend of 
theoretical analyst and practi- 
cal businessman. He wrote the 
two-volume Principles of Fi- 
nance and Investment (1949- 
50); and bis 1984 
autobiography. One Increas- 


false name of Rolf Berger. 

In 1950 the British authori- 
ties ran him to ground and 
decided to hand him over to 
the Poles rather than to the 
Russians, who also wanted 
him. But for eight years he 
succeeded in delaying extradi- 
tion by pleading illness, and it 
was not until 1958 that he was 
put on trial in Warsaw. 

Fifteen months later he was 
convicted of complicity in the 
liquidation of more than 

300.000 -Poles, including 

200.000 Polish Jews. In Rus- 

outside Hamburg under the ^ sia he was held responsible for 

ing Purpose, was an acute 
account of bow be saw indus- 
try working. 

He personified the injunc- 
tion, suaviter in modo, fort iter 
in re, and his mild manner 
concealed tenacity as well as 
courage; he “sacked" himself 
from the board of Equity and 
Law when he felt that his work 
there was no longer stretching 
him, and be refused a second 
term at the NCB for similar 

As chairman of the Trans- 
port Holding Company he 
oversaw the denationalization 
of Thomas Cook. 

He was twice married: first, 
in 1935', to Ursula Frances 
Ware, with whom he had a son 
and three daughters. They 
divorced in 1971. That year he 
married Diana Mary Camp- 
belL They all survive him. 

the death of 4 million people. 
All the same, his own life was 
spared. Though condemned to 
death, be escaped execution 
because, under Polish law, the 
death penalty could not be 
inflicted on a sick person. 

Since he stayed alive for 
another quarter-century and 
more, there has naturally been 
speculation that mercy was 
shown him for some other 
reason. In Barczewo gaol he 
was kept in isolation, but well 
treated. His cell was lined with 
books bought with money sent 
from abroad. ^ 


h \ 




BQHD ELLiOTT - On 15tli Novctniwr 
Amanda and WQttam. a flamSer 

ssl?—* a -a^s 


aon. Tho mas. a brother ter NflrTt 
OUMIESS -On Nov«nber 13th. u uw 
Pmttond Hospttai wi. to UmteJS 
a son, Hector. 

MQRRttOHoa flth November 1986 to 
■tennv (nee Franklin) & Tint, a 

daugMer Eaesnor Sarab. a sister tor 

- On ism ftfevoo. 
ba\« Qoem Chartttte’s HMMttL to 
EHrabeth tnfie Bloch) and Per a 
daughter, a sister for Marie 
and Cathrine. 

TABIT - on November 13th at the 
Wet London Hospital to n»n»ram. 

, S&5HSL*?* 

1 Otoe G eorgina. ^ 

ItWMEH - On November 1 2 th. » si 
Paul's Hoaptai. Cbettenham. to tfo- 
dato^ Kmderaon) and Mike, a son. 
Oreaory James. 


ADA M S - On 14th November. Onm 
^ vam °* ChrwSmrS: 
Oxford for 66 years. Funeral Ser- 
vlet Oxford Crematorium on 
Wednesday 19th November at 2 pm. 
COCK B URN - on November 13m. sud- 

denft> and pea c eJU Hyai home. Edwtn 
Moms, much loved husband of it. 
Fuwal Service at St Anne's. Kew 
Gtvm. FMetay November 2 1 si at 
1.45 pm. followed tor private c»sm- 
Uon.- Enaubfes to T H Sanders & 
Sons Lid. 28-30 Kew Road. Rich. 
moML Surrey. Ol 948 1551. 
COLQ UH OI M . On Novanber I2tb 
1986. peacefully at home EUzabeth 
(Betty), widow of Per. beloved moth- 
er of Rosemary, EUsabetfc and 
Patrick. Family Dowers only. Dona- 
tions if wished to N&P.C.C.. Oxford 
Branch. Funeral eaudres to 
levenon and Sons. 01 387 607S. 
EVERETT - On November 14th. peace- 
fully at home, aged 79. Leslie Scott. 
Group cant.. R.AT. Herd.. MLA_ 
MJIXLS-. LRXLP- Burial at Steeple 
Langford. WBfcs.. 11.30 am on 
Wednesday 1 9th November. No for- 
mal flowers. Donations if desired to 
the Sa tiahmy Hospice Trust 
FONTEMEAli - On 12th November 
1986. suddenly bid peacefully. Ed- 
ward Alin (Ted), aged 59 years: of 
Tarrant Gunvflle. Beloved husband 
of Pam. father of Gtyn. Trevor and 
Susan and a devoted grand-father. 
Funeral mice at Sl Mary's 
Church. Tarrant GtmvfUe on Friday 
aist November at 11 an. fofiowed 
by In ter ment hi the church yard. 
FamQy dowers onty please Md. If de- 
sired, donations for The Brtttsh 
Heart Fotmdattou may be sou to 
Cherren Funeral Directors. 10 Mar- 
tel Place. Bandford. 5329S. 

HEWnr - On November 13th tn HosoL 
taL George Richard Mod. of 
Marlow. Bocks. Retired Medical 
PracUoner. Dear husband of Jean, 
brolher of Maty, grand-father of 
Katherine and Jane. Cremation pri- 
vate. Service of Thanks Gtvfng. All 
Saints Church. Marlow on Sahnday 
November 22mL 11-50 am. 

HOPE - On 13th November. EOeen. 
aged 84. widow of Thn and much 
loved aunt great aunt and great 
7 eM aunL Reqidem Mas on 
Thursday 20th November at Holy 
Redeemer Chora. Cheyne Row. 
SW3 at II ajn.. fodowed by' 
cremation. Flowers to Ashton 
Funeral's. 140 Alexandra Road 
SWl 9 by 9.30 am. 

HERCmtSKY - On Novnftcr Uth 
1986. peacefully In Menton. Marga- 
ret wife of the late HSU Pnnce 
Michael hnerettosky. Donations if 
desired to World WOdUfe Fund UK. 
tl Ockfort Rd-Oodannwg. Sumy. 
KITSON • on November 14th. peace- 
fully at Nevtn Han HosmaL 
A b er ga venny. Phoebe, widow of the 
late Sir George KUson !£&£. Funeral 
Wednesday November 19th. Service 
ai Sami Ednmnds Church. 
^SckhoweO a l HJS> am. Aflxr- 
wards croesyceUtog CfomkrUm. 
Family flowers only- ' 

LABAN - On November 1201. 
peacefully at home after a short 
fttness/Steve* Laban, devoted wife of 
the tote Peter Laban and beloved 
friend to many- Cremation at 

on Thurattoy November 20th at 
11.30 sun.. Flowers to Janus Peddle 
Lid. 65 High Street, racKmfinswarth- 
TeL (0923) 772013. 


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London W8 dEJ 
LnegHaol 01-603 1515 
Ewope/USA 0MB7 5400 
Ht/Bosmea 01-938 3444 
Govemoaem Licensed/Bonded 


■mori Renan 

flAMOBS tam SYDNEY end 

LAGOS am MONO mono £Sfi0 



MQ^esnmn Sl wt 
tel. 08^ tzmmm 

aucx^sa Gnw> d “*TEcss/o«ers 



Really uuerattoB wrb modemned flat 

with touetv dirottm. I/7MV Btoh. 

1/2 iwp. kn. Lem M £140 pw. 

SpaciDUianetesant lutir nai. 2BMv 
bUh. me recap. UL uoo M £216 pw 

01-724 3100 


ExeUNtcty non lawn rae Uoac lube. S 
bfdiito. due ram, tax im. Bam. 2 
W C. Ope. pdn. Racom C300 pw. 


DHNMvl 2 atdnn apt. Super nth. 
RaetD-mnne.pooeMt.pBno tatCR 
£200 pw. Sire New dec «pL 2 
bednta. toWHe/dto. BMC. kn 
wnsn/ury. BaOi/w.C. Octet and son. 
to. USB pw. 

NMMowMe. TeL OX 273 8901. 

CAFVYAL Clfli prepare Wait aaeuty cumc- 
unne vapep. oi-6U7 tvqb. 

CfMfVEYANGtMB By fldhr OBHUiCd SoHcl- 
IMV. £180 4 VAT and standard 
d u o mgeii i wto rim 004« jimm. 

wra tMC. London School or nridoa met 

CSUB. 38 Ktaea Rood. SOT. 01«9 


jnrauoiv. Odd. Stiver, (tonm or- 
pandy waited. Tqp prices. Wduamp. os 
Lambs. OBnmdt 81 WC1. Ol 400 B5Sa 

W ANTED Edwardian. Victorian and *U 
oatMcd fornttorv. Mr Asmon Ol 9«7 
0946. 607-669 Oaran une. EarMtekL 


IW4 Prof Mnate F u share Mty turn 
maoonraa. O/R . CH. nan oany Dec. 
£188 Dcm. Phone Mama CXW Mom 
622 9798. 

BATTERSEA- O/R. N/S. Female Prat. 
20/26. ahana House. £40 pw. or 22S 
0830 alter 6-30 

KUEWWIH toe dMe Bed. snare lonely 
tuny need toe. BR/time. parkmo. 
£17Spcn. TettH S74 1734 . 

•HH/P torOi tooro funoy Oat. 8 mtea to 
tube. CEO Df>- ow OKkalVf. TchOl 938 

4103 weatogi «b) 



-* Real service 
* Free Guiding + tuttam 

Dec 13 & 59/ £3 19 2 wto 
XMAS C247/C377 2 whs 
H/B Iw coach in smashing 
chum. Add £40 by air. 
* 1 free bat In lO 


Attract Beaut rum apt. Date Beam, 
nap. K a S CUB pw. 499 UM. 




Oceani new wniM daw & I A 
Beorooa nas ctose to Horrods. From 
£36 per day lor 1/2 peraona. toe 

Ol 997 6497 or 998 6871 




car. ini 


MOOKS -A Thanksgiving Service for 
the life of nma Temple Broom wto be 
held of . St Martin Id the FMds at 
11.30 am on Thunday 20th Novem- 
ber 1966. 

■OMOUSC - A Memorial Service for 
Dorothy HoMNNae win be held at St 
Lawrence 1 * Chordi. Stroud, 
taonententdre. Ob Dece m b er uth 
at u.30 ajn. 

JURK - The Memorial Service ftr Mr 
Oiarfer W G TKkkQAB. tong 1 
Town Cterie of the Borough of Hemel 
HempsteocL wd be at-St Maiy^s 
Ctnorh. Mab. StreeL Hosel Henm- 
etead. on ThtKSday 27th.NovecnlKr 
1986 at 12 noon. All hto Mends and 
colleh BO B arc Invited to.aaend.; 
■GOVT - Joseph Wifoam. A Manortal 
SBvIoe wD be beM in foe Unhwelty 
Church of.ChrM the Kino. Gorton 
Samre- Tawdon wci on Friday. 
12th December at 12 noon. 




01 491 2777 


fli* sure you incrude Mammas* 

• Ow pnees can’t Be nnsrad. 


01 935 8682 
AxtXNry Place. ECU 
01 864 4817 

FCWMS 18 by 32 iitob nmte hesb wta- 
ter pearls. Chrnw rtoo. Ivory htou lai 
MolacbUa braoetei. Often. Teh Ol 929 

MUMiU OF . NtTTUMD ChrtNmas 
eaife i ies sda mMHt on mmuiia 
W*^i pairs to manoomy and 
oak. NcOtabcd. naar Hatday cm Thunes 
town.) 041110. 

AHTIOPC Own rranted ■ CMna Dtaptty 
CabtnaL tadato Rowwaod £480. Vlcain- 
an Armchtor. mrved wot a nd toa die s , 
deep bm mua d £360. 0272 022090 


aver T year (APR OfeV Law hn e if t 
raus over 2 years (APR IW 4 3 years 
•APR i2J2Wt Wrttten-aiMianaaa. Free 
Cvrr togu e . 30a Htebpne Road. NWS. 
01-267 7671. 

nnnnnw on tut ib i Larpe nuty rur- 
nohM aeuened now m private nUw. 
ComtniM tor HarowenViFWtl and 
Sudbury Hill saoon. B bedroom. 2 
banvoacm. 3 laroe reception rooms, 
lulty need uictwn. wuuy room, CCH. 
parape. large garden. £330 pw. Tel: Ol 
890 4268. 

WAMTtD for St 
Muons, mate. 

or MHiin rosy 

Oontony vua 
n«9 Htanw C 

Outre Mrs 

rand year London Urtfv 
British Sen contained 
unai July 1487 Central 
reach at PiccadlRy Lmr. 
r a ni e e s oflerad. Pleooe 
MdtoMI on 0753 887241 

1AM 9 COURT. Lux ItaL One bedroom in 
a Mock. Pnvawty owned. U«B par 
week. iim water, central tvrai- 

np MRdne inarninr I elf 1 1N on. toe- 
phone 6 porter ML Raw 01-286 8724. 

anttoue mndahad 
us at garden, x 
bed. tounaa. tUn- 
tan. £260 PW. Tax 

luxury os with pan 

Ol 794 2789 

AW T1CKCTS SpecUUsts N York £249. 
LA/San Fran £329. Sydney /MeRXJUme 
£769. AUdtTNI «a«y OMMPDanair ISO 
Jarrayn SmLOi 839 7144 

aSTCtnrtM M nwaVtoB to Eu- 
rope. USA A idobx doOnattons 
Dtotomai Tranh 01-730 2201. abta 

CVB/MCL £638 Perm £868. All mp|ar 
camera to AnvNZ. Ox-884 7371 

CbW P M — 1 8 Wb e t d wfo e . Haymarael 

0X930 136Bl 

P 88Q Q UH T FAMES Wortowidr: 01-434 
0734 J trader TWA 

IMK4NINIU A m e m FARES wwu- 
wide. Tel U.TXL (0783) 887006. 

Artt MO f t Dtecygni Fares wen* 
wide, lat/cooaomy- 01-387 9100 

Ol 441 till. 

TRvd«to Ana. AtoL 

MO R OCCO 80 U WP. Repent SL WI. Ol 
734 6307. AOTA/AWL 

S. AFRICA From £486. 01-684 7371 

SPAM, PororaaL Cheapest teres. Stogies. 
01 736 8191. ABTA ATOL. 


Topdw st cm beat i L 

We fond over one third of oB 

8 kfBC3 MB 


Operrad In 1916, the Royal 
Star & Garter provides a true 
home for efisabiad 8x>Servica 
men and women. Ptesse help 
us to cortiniie owing for these 
man and women to whom we 
owe so much, by sending a 
donation or leaving a legacy. 
The riMd is urgent) 


Dept TT. Rfetenoixi, Surrey 1W10 GRR 
Tate 01*940 3314 

30,000 DEAF 

SST £7 nw M/F 2DS. own date rm. Goaf 
QpL Tube 3 MM. Avail iramcd. £180 
pan. BwL TO Ol 872 3660 lavas! 
SSfSgM N/S. to snare Oat wllh KfR. £46 
pw axel, own bed/ IMne. Tet 01 684 
8318 totncel/ Ol 381 62*6 tons). 
twnjL 3rd Person, men roam 6 Mb- 
ream. CH. tame ramaned (to t £06pw. 
MM Grant 627 2720 B/H. 

NX Female, oft to imcury mwi tone, 

01-229 3332 KvesJ 

WMiQh Prof f. seeks own room, rw/ 
twine to P«may area. N/S. From Oe- 
cembar. TO: 01-889 8718 XI 36 
W BULWKH Prof la share toe toe. o/r. 
c/h- £182 pan. 14 ndn& vw/Hotooro. 
Teh 01-8704861 after 630 Dtp 


01-222 7482 ASTA/ATOU 

togte under MML we beM any tore. 


rf. As. 

ff'.’lrt" ' rn *' ! 

riir > »:fv v 

AUCAHTE. Faro. Malaga ate. DtraaM 
-Travel ATOL 1788. 01-681 4641. 
Harthacn 68841 

OteSma Concorde. Jan/Feb 87 to 





i wten 20 Dtecmbar 
eMarad ehalete toctuRve of OHM 



ATOL 1820 ACeeafi/VHA 

! 2 i, IfieW Road, 

London SWIO 


Deph 20to/91H December 


Chalet Hotel Sm ote FB £349 SAVE £89 

ChaHt Hotel Crete* BGBKha* FB £SM9 SAVE £89 


Chalet Marconi FB £199 SAVE U 


Chalet La Orange FB £Z99 SAVE do 

Chalet 8acMl FB £249 SAVE £1 1 

Ajpuwa APIS- sc £l49 SAVE £1E 


Cnakf Rauch FB £199 SAVE £10 

Ottering Hotel. SeW Cawrtog A Chalet Parties in 47 of Europe* up resorts 
Mancn Oma. 01-796 aaoo ahta ictus 

0«22 78121 ATOL 1232 

SAVE £110 
SAVE £166 

RDtf OF CMEUHCA Mpii 2 bed. garden 
BaL new convcnMn. «as CH. d/twMher. 
l/dryar. wMi m/c. m/wave. Pr/nveaer 
etc. Short or tong tot. £200 pw Teh Ol 
382 1890 or Ol 681 0660 

mtelBIBTOW New 1 lied mooted mm 
house. avsUMMr tor compa ny ml Small 
bat Madam with aU toaHUea. forage, 
colour lv. ate. £ 100.00 per weak Ttt 
Ol 878 4316 (anytime). 

torn maw o nette in cnatmmg 
ne toh aourhood. GCH. HW. kU. Ige 
te c e u . dtamg no. aep bach, itiswera. 2 
WCTo. £260pw. Owner TO Q1 633 9466 

HMUCO m UeM and mdna nan 
top floor man in period lae. 3 bed*. 2 
hath* + sep ctoaic pate (**«+- appte. 
able recap. Avail la mnilu. £260 pw 
nag. f w cue 01-221 8836. 

SOCmi MMSHMTOML Garden fnrntefted 
flat. One doable bed. Rccep. KUcneo- 
Bemraam. Cas CH. £12Spw. Phone; 
01-373 2262 (between g. ioam.and6- 
8 pmi 

THE LOHS/SHORT UT wedalbte. We 
bav* a ige a e te chon ol luxury 1 / 2 / 3 / 
4 Bt Oroo m date with mod service, taue- 
nor denened A centrally Mealed. Avail 
Now- CMmauBM Properties 727 3060 

■ large foite t to n 

i i:f ; M r ’ * 1 . 

Hid Here: 837 7366. 

F W OAPP (Manaoemenf Sanrieasl Ud re- 
gwre properties m Central. Soudi and 
West London Anas lor waning appa- 
rent* ui 01 221 8838. 

HYDE PARK CATE. SW7 2 s np ath atra 
nodero interior dan g n ed (tote avail. 2 
dUr bedrms. dbte re ce ption. 2 bath*, 
can Realty 01-581 0012 

EAST SHEOf W14. Newly mod A radar 3 
bed bse. Mr ail amemne* New butum. 
■nod W. conservatory to gdn. Ideal tom- 
ay use. £176 pw. Pnory 01-940 4866 
MIUtUTMC cbanolng idcctton of tor- 
nstiad ftaa 6 noteta. from £ 180 bw- 
ESjOOO in Kensutoton & sorrow Mag 
area*. Beoham A Reave*. 01-938 3622. 
W UC M U tam pCE own deen basemam 
ItaLftmtoea. 1 be dr oom- twBo. d im ag. 
rccepaon. £196 pw. No agent. TeL Ol 
408 1019 

MATT JUR, Hyde Pant me mod ttnurtou* 
MM/foort let* 1/6 Bed*, best price* 
Ctolw Ap artm e nt * Ol 936 6612. 
PIMLICO 2 bearm ton. rccep. kAktcp 
mower nn. phone. CM. £1 70 pw. tndu- 
■M Of: Gaa 6 Dec. * weekly Lintn 
change. Co or Hobday let. Ol -834 4197 
SUPER*, spaoous studio. Ml & bath tn 
mod. p/ b Mock, ccmv location, c/ n 6 
H/ W Inc. £12Spw. Benham 6 Raaves. 
938 3522. 

927 9881 The "amber to reswa ra ber 
when seeking best rental wu peroas In 
central and pnnm umdon areas 

TURMMAM CRKZM WA. Very pretty flat 
not been redecorated, 1 bed. tounoe. 
bath, ft ML dose tube. Available now. 
£116 pw. 244 7363 fT) 

U S 80 RWE BKW9 SWB soocrh new 3 
bed. 2 bath uurgrai Barge. Arch house. 
£>85 ow. company let p re fer red. 01 
682 8573. 

W8 Luxury naHHniar Hist renotitotied. 
reepL 2 dble bedrm*. K A EL 
washer/dryer. turbo shower etc. £240 
pw. T*fl 937 3954/0722 72639. 
UrmiinrT VtSiruttL nat* near uni- 
versity O snub Mumwh. T el ephone 
Helen wateon A Co 680 6276. 

ALLEN BATES A Co have a large selec- 
tion of IW A house* avail forlorn 1 / 
snort let nn £ 150.00 p.w. 01 499 166B 
2 BED newly conk. FF FBI. Near Barons 
Coufi Tube, a van end Nov Gottvany 
let only. £160pw. oi-493 4998. 
fiMSlAKA luna-y 1 bedroom IW. Recep- 
tion room, kuenen ft bathroom. C/H. 
£180 pw. Tel. 03722 73(37. 
COTTA8E on smell private aetata. 
WadhtwL Cannon sm« 65 mttiuws. 
£280 pcm. TeL 089 288 2533. 
DOCKLANDS Fiats and houses to let 
throughout the Docklands area. TM: 01- 
790 9560 

tPUTHEY. Fetoote 20 + O/R- Shared nm 
£150 pcm «ca. 01 874 7487 After 

FULHAM- Top floor of luxury house and 
■oral rest, me office todbbe*. £160 ow. 
Ol 731 7734. 

KHMSATE N8 SuPtT NfuraMBNl 2 bed- 
raw luxury ruL oarage avaHaMc. 
£146 PW. Rttlf: Ol 340 7408. 
MOOANTM ESTATES 375 9557. RcPden- 
uai letuntn 111 Central London Company 
and ItoMty apanraeni*. 

HOLLAND PANK Lux torn 2 bad flBL AH 

amctkiM*. nr lube - nun 1 year. £200 
pw. ono. Ol tea MU. 

KENTISH TOWN Newly dec 1 dMe bed. 
Sitting room/dmer, ut and bath. Cl 00 
pw. THiOI 206 0420. 

KSMSTON. New 2 bed mod Use. Private 
diionU CarporLotai. Lux Kft& High 
Sid. £150 pw. Pnory 01-940 4658 
KMWHTBnilME Luasry tomtebed 1 
bedroom Das Mr rouble CM Potter. 
£180 pw UK Teh Ol 884 7263. 
don from £326 ow plus vat. mag 
Town House Asanmenc 373 3433 
MATFArt Wt Lux (urn tnatsanette. 3 
pads. 1 rec- nrw KtB. new decor A 
carpet*. JUOSpw. Tet 0342 712617 
MU DD Chanpbva 2 bad tMUee. Ga* 
Of. Aran m «d or March. £000 pan. 
TCCOl 226 0*20. 

% KEHSWffrOH. Outer 3 rm toll for 1 / 2. 
New decor T V can/ tenon. AnUaues- 
CI369W- 384 8267/ V9B 7220 J-7pm. 
SERVICED AFARTMD«n In Kensington. 
CM T V. 24 hr Sw Tettet- Cndingfum 
A AJi tme nb L 01-373 6306. 
m Top ouaHiy funUsned offltx/naL new 
camrnion to exnilent locatJon £185 
pw: Tel 01-937-3864/O7SH 72639. 

A WEST DO Flat and House* List to For 
S»»/Let- Dans wootfe. Ol 402 7381. 
Wit sunny sumo ffcu. K A B. unmac. 
I urn. £110 pw. TsL- ot^SG T481 

M-1 Lovely modern iwa badroamed flat to 
let- C/H. f/f. carpeted tnroughouL pri- 
vate parking- dose 10 te bn gtoti/Anpd. 
Very coove nl enl for professtootes work- 
mo to me caty. jctfiaoo per xml 
T etOl 229 0002 Or 01 609 7826 

TEDOM6TOM Goaetoid comfortable fam- 
ily iMNae near parte and Rivo-. s 
bed roo m*. 2 bathroom, taroe modern 
kitchen. CM. fonttn. 3 minutes station. 
£226 pw. Long let. Tel: Ol 943 1986. 

pumev Luxury new modern Mock, re- 
ception. kitchen, aamroem. 2 dome 
u e drotu u * nai avaUame lor romoany 
leL £160.00 per week TefcOI 878 4316 

AVAR Mlf MOW unnarv flats A Houses 
£200 - £1.000 per week. TeL Burgess 
681 6136. 

WI Garden Sn- Lge patio tlaL ZdMbed* 
lux KU. ttvme n* eta Fun rurrameo & 
Knapped- £220 PW. Tel: 1034282) 4307 




For vwwing lekphon*' 


01-493 0 887 o r . 
01-409 2373 

For the best 
rental arieaieti of 

In mM* London areas 



270 Earls Court RpatL SW8 

01-244 7353 ' 



we bare a wforti selection of 
oMfoally mspecud lurrasned and 

uatnrnohea nrepertie* in neyjte 

Beutteptui aHtnm. ranemg irom 

£1 so pw to £2000 pw. 

Tel: 01-486 8926 


UNFURNISHED nai. Oh Ath fl. Of 
Viet msnswn Mock. 2 beds reon*. 
bath. Mi/bibst rm. New tease 
refurbished. Co lei for 1 year. 

£ 1 75 p.w. exd. 

01 499 8644 


LntfloRls A Tenants 
rorne to us for 
amit tiniilfT JllffT 
Phone now. 

01-734 7432 

day but Hotel), rrao 1 / 12/86 untu 
13/1/87. QwmiJKIlV decorated flat, 
nrw co n ver-aofi wwn 2 beds. OCX. Own 
kuchen with freewr. wasmng/raier ma- 
chine BMlifoom. reception until vusn / 
colour TV OomneontoanmMiaraiiiia 
KT arlidue garden. £200 pw. Tet Ol 
586 6766. 

CIIARRRHB Svtn CWtaga ftaL 2 room*. 
USB* pauo garden. £150 pw. 837 
7366 (Tl. 

F YOG are Medina lor Jefttog) a furnished 
Home in London, the wots to can are 
Humeral 837 7366. 

NO. 00362 of 1986 

ACT 3 1)^5 

By Order of (hr High Court of Justice 
Chancery Lane Ovtswn. dated 23ra July 
1056. U is ordered tool Brian MBb of i 
Wardrobe Place. Carter Lane. SL Pauls 
London ECav 54J nr and he ts hereny 
appouMdUaiadaroroi the rod Company. 

Dated ton 3rd November 1 « 


Chanty: Mr whim' Chanty 
The Chanty Comnuanoncra propose to 
make a Scheme 1 01 ton Chanty. Copies of 
the draft Scheme may be ootsmed from 
them (ret: 2022 at -St Alban’s 
House. 57-60 HaymartceL London swiy 
4QX. Obwcuons ami suggasuoas may be 
sent to them wttnin one monto from 

Continued t» page 27 

To Plaice Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 
Private Advertisers 
01 481 4000 

Birth, Marriage and Death Notices Ol 481 3024 

Binh and Death notices may be accepted over the idcphonc. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 0! 481 4481 

Public Appointments 01 481 1066 

Property 01 481 1986 

Travel 01 481 1989 

U.K. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors 01 481 4422 

Personal 01 48 1 1920 

Business to Business ■ 01 481 1982 

Education 01 481 1066- 

Fortbcoming Marriages, Weddings, etc for lhe 
Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 

Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court & Social Advertising, 

Times Newspapers Ltd.. 

1. Pennington Sircct. 

London El 9DD 

Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries 
for the Coprt & Social page may be made after 10.30 a.m. on 
01 822 9953. 

You may use your Access. Amcx. Diners or Visa card. 


for lost 

By Martin Fletcher 

Political Reporter 
The Liberal/SDP Alliance is 
planning a January offensive 
lo lift it from the doldrums. 

Through a series of media 
events it hopes to leave behind 
the problems of the autumn 
and regain the minimum 25 
per cent opinion poll ratings it 
must have to mount a 
convincing third party chal- 
lenge at the coming election. 

These events, all designed 
to promote the Alliance as a 
genuine alliance rather than 
two separate parties, will reach 
their climax with a rally at the 
Barbican, London, on January 
31 which will amount to a pre- 
election relaunch. 

More than 2.000 activists 
are expected to attend. They 
will give their seal of approval 
to Partnership for Progress - 
the final, definitive compen- 
dium of all Alliance policies, 
including defence, from which 
the manifesto will be drawn. 

It was the shambles of the 
defence debate at the Liberal 
Assembly in September which 
triggered the decline in Alli- 
ance support to around 20 per 
cent. The new agreed defence 
policy has been ready for some 
weeks, but its formal endorse- 
ment is understood to have 
been deliberately delayed until 
a joint meeting of Alliance 
candidates shortly before the 
Barbican rally in order to 
reinforce the impression of a 
party suddenly back in 

Earlier in January the Alli- 
ance will also announce its 
team of a dozen “election 
spokesmen" as distinct from 
its parliamentary spokesmen. 
Experienced non-MPs such as 
Mrs Shirley Williams, Mr Bill 
Rodgers and, probably, Mr 
Roy Jenkins will be included, 
and there will be rough parity 
between the parties. 

At the banning of the 
month, the .Alliance also plans 
to announce that it has com- 
pleted without public ac- 
rimony the potentially expl- 
osive task of dividing all 633 
parliamentary constituencies 
between the Liberals and So- 
cial Democrats. 

Just a sprinkling of constit- 
uencies now remain to be 

Backing up what one lead- 
ing Alliance planner described 
as a “sustained programme to 
promote the Alliance as an 
alliance" will be Liberal and 
SDP party political broad- 
casts, each prominently feat- 
uring members of the other 

Today’s events 


New exhibitions 
Watercolours by Alan Hitch- 
cock and Graham Turner; The 
Sioncgale Gallery. 52a 
Sionegaie. York: Mon to Sat 10 
to 5.(ends Dec 6) 

Work by Peter Banks. Lucy 
Dawson. Peter Hayman. Row- 
land Langmaid and Eleanor 
Watt; Penn Barn, By the Pond. 
Elm Road, Peon, Buckingham- 
shire; Mon to Sat, 9.30 to 1. 2 to 
5. (ends Nov 28). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Afro-Caribbean aru Gan- 

threat to 

Rapid soil erosion by 
the North Sea is threaten- 
ing the future of St 
Andrew's Church in 
Covehithe, Suffolk, which 
is situated inside the ruins 
of another church con- 
structed early in the fif- 
teenth century. 

Soil erosion is now- 
encroaching on the 
church at the rate of 13 
feet per year. 

But the Rev Laurence 
Spratt, pictured here with 
his flock after yesterday's 
service, still gives a ser- 
mon every Sunday for the 
congregation which av- 
erages only about nine 

The parish of 
Covehithe is part of the 
United Benefice of 
Wrentham which also in- 
cludes Benacre, 
Frost enden, and South 

Photograph: Arthur Foster 

wright Hall. Lister Park. Brad- 
ford: Tues to Sun, 10 to 5.( ends 
Jan 4). 

Arts and crafts; Chichester 
House Gallery. High Street, 
Ditchling. Sussex; open daily ! 1 
to I. 2.30 to 5.(ends Dec 24). 

Christmas gifts; Mid Corn- 
wall Galleries. Biscovey Par. 
Cornwall; Mon to Sat 10 to 5. 
(ends Dec 24). 

Paintings by John Kimpton; 
The Ginnd Gallery, Lloyds 
House, 16 Lloyd Street, Man- 
chester: Mon lo Fri 9.30 to 5.30, 
Sat 1 1 to 4.(ends Nov 28) 

How We Used to Live 1902- 
26. Wakefield Art Galleiy, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,205 


1 Drilling site (6,6). 

9 Son of transport liable to ill 
usage (9). 

10 By no means all pay mini- 
mal tax in this country (5). 

11 Maintain a member in drink 

12 Apprentices the boss sent on 
new course (8). 

13 Having caught it in the 
river, cause quite a stir (6). 

IS Get well-qualified group (8). 

18 King has priest cast off and 
smacked (8). 

19 Pretend to have some in- 
fluence (6). 

21 Usually firm only after mid- 
summer (8). 

23 A shooting box (6). 

26 Trainee (male) has it in him 
to be flexible (5). 

27 Food diverted into Turin 

28 But woman's hilarity is not 
occasioned by crime / 1 2). 


1 Win over a hundred in a 
horse-race <7l. 

2 Show R'senlmeni concern- 
ing lev el of noise (5). 

3 Representatives get sealed 
orders I9j. 

4 The company go for the 
Scotch! (4). 

5 A musical proposal? (8). 

6 Being turned over, Edward 
is baptized (5). 

7 Stretch a leg and note out- 
come (8). 

8 A little girl's story about a 
donkey (6). 

14 A strike in town would be a 
disaster (8). 

16 Fed-up with being a con- 
sumer — it’s frustrating (9). 

17 Charges about a swimmer’s 
sympathies (8). 

18 Remember to telephone 
again (6). 

20 The coach for rough terrain 

22 Noted play (5). 

24 “AH we have willed or 
hoped or dreamed of good 
shall — " (Browning i (5). 

25 Egghead sending up worker 
may cause an eruption (4). 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,204 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword page 14 

Europe fears destabilization 


Continued from page I 

grossly optimistic time scale. 

Removal of the main 
nuclear deterrent without first 
cutting East-West con- 
ventional forces and chemical 
weapons would destabilize 
Europe, they say. 

The communique ca at first 
appeared to answer these fears 
by removing any American 
threat to refuse to supply 
Trident missiles for Britain’s 
Polaris replacement 

After a closer reading of the 
communique, one Western 
diplomat pointed out that the 
wording left President 
Reagan's intentions unchan- 
ged. The reference to Trident 
was seen more as an effort to 
help Mrs Thatcher answer 
criticisms from Mr Neil 
Kinnock, the Labour leader, 
than any shift in Washington’s 

The key words were that the 
President “reaffirmed his frill 
support for the arrangements 
made to modernize Britain's 
nuclear deterrent with 
Trident". This stopped short 
of a full guarantee. 


Wentworth Terrace: Mon to Sat 

10.30 to 12.30 and 1.30 to 5. Sun 

2.30 lo 5 (ends Nov 22). 

Sir Richard Colt Hoare of 
Stourhead: Artist and Patron 
1 758- 1 838; Devizes Museum, 4 1 
Long St: Tues to Sal I) to 1,2 to 
4 (ends Nov 29). 

William Scott; Scottish Na- 
tional Gallery of Modern Art, 
Belford Rd. Edinburgh: Mon to 
Sat 1 0 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Nov 

Animals in Art: prints by 20th 
Century artists: McBey Room, 
Aberdeen Art Gallery and Mu- 
seum. Schoolhill: Mon to Sat 10 
to 5, Tfaurs 10 to 8. Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Nov 27). 

Ernest Willows: Welsh Air- 
ship Pioneer, Welsh Industrial 
and Maritime Museum. Bute Su 
Cardiff; Tues loSat 10 to 5. Sun 
2.30 to 5 (ends Jan 31. 1987) 


Youth Stagehand: Wheat lev 
Hills Youth Centre (Middle 
School Grounds); Leger Way. 
Doncaster; 7.15. 

Piano recital; Fermoy Centre. 
King Street. King's Lynn. Nor- 
folk; 7.30. 

Voices and instruments: 
University Chapel. Keeie 
University. Staffs; 8. 

Talks and lectures 
Ecology: Durham University. 
Scarborough Lecture Theatre, 
Science Laboratories. South 
Road. Durham; 5. 1 5. 

Religious education; Durham 
University. St Johns College. 
Teaching Room. South Bailey, 
Durham; 7.45. 

Before last month's Reyk- 
javik summiL the Kremlin 
repeatedly expressed willing- 
ness to conclude and INF 
agreement. Only at the sum- 
mit did Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
make it conditional on the 
Americans abandoning space 
lesLing of SDI, the “Star 
Wars” system. 

An apparent attempt by 
Mrs Thatcher to soften the 
focus of the East- West debate 
on the limits of SDI testing 
aroused considerable dip- 
lomatic interest. 

The Kremlin has insisted on 
a narrow reading of the 1972 
anti-ballistic missile treaty 
which, it claims, would pro- 
hibit testing in space of laser- 
based anti-missile defences. 

Ground-based testing, in 
which the Americans believe 
the Soviets are engaged, would 
be permitted under such a 

When Mrs Thatcher visited 
President Reagan in 1984 she 
pressed for any testing to be 


conducted within the treaty's 
limits, without clarifying this 

After their follow-up meet- 
ing at the weekend she said 
that the research limit should 
be defined as including the 
assessment of SDI's 

The Americans are likely to 
interpret this as including 
space testing, although Mrs 
Thatcher said that was for a 
standing consultative comm- 
ission to consider. 

Her selection of the word 
“feasibility” was seen yes- 
terday as a fudge designed to 
please the President without 
compromising her earlier 

• In interviews ^iven after her 
talks with President Reagan 
for British radio and tele- 
vision, Mrs Thatcher made 
plain her scepticism over any 
achievement of even a 50 per 
cent cut in strategic ballistic 
missiles within five years (Our 
Political Editor writes). 

battle on 

Continued from page 1 
plications of improvements in 
teachers' conditions of ser- 

These include limiting the 
class size to 33 pupils, arrang- 
ing for more supply teachers 
and allowing free periods. 

The Government did not 
table money for these adjust- 
ments in its original offer and 
Mr John Pearman, leader of 
the Labour-controlled local 
authorities, has predicted they 
will require £50 million up to 
March 1988 and £250 million 
in the five years up to 

Warnings of industrial ac- 
tion in response to a Govern- 
ment-imposed settlement 
were issued yesterday by the 
two largest unions. 

Mr Doug McAvoy, the dep- 
uty general secretary of the 
National Union of Teachers, 
said his union would be 
starling a campaign to per- 
suade teachers, parents and 
the public of the virtues of the 

Nature notes 

Small flocks of starlings feed 
round the hooves of cows, 
eagerly snapping up insects that 
fly out of the grass; as the cow 
ambles across the field, the birds 
move along with it. Sometimes 
a pied wagtail darts in and out 
between the cow's feet, its long 
tail vibrating. 

The yelping call of little owls 
rings across the fields: they often 
sit on pollarded willows or 
fence-posts in the daytime, bob- 
bing sharply up and down when 
uneasy. However, they feed 
mostly at night, on mice and 

In the top branches of oak 
trees, family parties of long- 
tailed tits mutter and churr as 
they forage; each flock defends 
its feeding territory against 
intrusion from other families. 

Dogwood leaves arc now 
misiy purple in colour. The last, 
toothed leaves on the wild 
service trees have turned pale 
orange or terracotta. .Ash leaves 
arc falling while they are still 
green. Strings of scarlet bryony 
berries trail across the hedges; 
and on roadsides where the cow 
parsley grew in spring, a smaller 
relative, the spreading hedge 
parsley, can still be seen. 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.30); Continuation 
of debate on the Queen's Speech 
(Local government and 

The pound 



Australia S 





Austria Sch 



Belgium Fr 






Danmark Kr 



Finland Mkk 



France Ft 



Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 





Hong Kona $ 



Ireland PI 



Italy Lira 



Japan Yen 



Netherlands GM 



Norway Kr 



Portugal Esc 



South Africa Hd 



Spain Pta 



Sweden Kr 



Switzerland Fr 






Yugoslavia Dnr 



Rates for smafl denomination bank nous 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Retail Price Index: 388.4 

London: The FTTndex dosed 25 down at 
1293.2 on Fnday. 

New Yoric The Dow Jones industrial 
average dosed up 11.39 at 1875.59 on 


Births; Sietur de la Verendrye, 
explorer and fur trader. Trois- 
Rivieres. Quebec. 1685; Jean Le 
Rond d'Alembert, math- 
ematician. Paris. 1717. 

Deaths: Mary I. reigned 1553- 
58. London. 1558; Robert 
Owen, reformer. Newtown. 
IS58; Norman Shaw, architect, 
London. 1912; August Rodin. 
Meudon. France. 1917. 

The Seez Canal was formally 
opened. 1869. 



A deep low near Iceland 
will maintain a strong, 
SW airs (ream over the 
British Isles. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, centra* S, E, central 
N England, East AngGa, MfcSands, 
Channel Islands: Sunny or dear 
periods, isolated showers; wind 
southwesterly light, increasing 
moderate or fresh; max temp 10C 

SW, NW England, Wales: Sunny 
or dear intervals and showers, 
prolonged and heavy at times with 
hail: wind southwesterly moderate 


Midlands: Al: Roadworks at 
Newark, southbound traffic can 
join the AI at Carlton on Trent 
but cannot leave at Cromwell, 
northbound traffic can join at 
Cromwell but cannot leave at 
Carlton on Trent. A 148: Three 
way temporary lights at 
Sheri ngham. Norfolk. AS: Sin- 
gle line traffic with temporary 
signals from Telford to the M6 
at iveuey Bank. 

Wales and West A30: 
Contraflow on castbound 
carriageway approaching 
Merrymcet roundabout. 
Whiddon Down (Exeter to 
Launceston Road). 

The North: A6: Water mains 
work between Hazel Grove and 
High Lane village. Cheshire; 
single line traffic wuh tem- 
porary lights in operation. 

Scotland: A9: Construction 
of interchange with A85 at Perth 
Western Bypass, inside lane 
closures in both directions. 
A8II: Road construction work 
at Upper Craigs. W of A9/A9D5 
junction. Surfing. One way 
street reduced to single lane, 
information supplied by AA 

Motorways, page 5. 

Bond winners 

The winning numbers in the j 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are £ 1 00.000: J0PK 
904145 (the winner lives in 
Lancashire). £50.000: 7JB 
971812 (abroad). £25.000: 
19KN 20i679 (Basingstoke). 

1 Times Portfolio is Ire*?. Purchase 

c-r The Times is nol a condition .of 

lakinq Dari. 

2 Times Portfolio list comprises a 
group of puhLc companies whose 
snares are Usled on the Slock 
Exchange and quoted in The Times 
Slock Exchange prices page The 
companies comprising Itul bsl will 
change from day lo day. The led 
■ which is numbered l - -u ■ is divided 
inlo four randomly distnbww groups 

of 1 1 shares. Every Porucno card 

contains iwo numbers from each 

group and each card contains a 

unique set of numbers. 

3 Times portfolio 'drvklend' will be 

the figure in pence which represent 

Ihc optimum movement in prices ii.p 

Uie largest increase or lowest loss' of a 

combination of nighi 'two from eacn 

randomly dtsinbuicdgroup within the 

jo shares i of the 4a sharer- which on 

any one das comprise The Times 
Portfolio list. 

4 The dally dividend will be 
announced each day and me weekly 
dividend will be announced eacn 
Saturday in The Tunes. 

5 Time, Portfolio Its! anc details of 

lie daitv or weekly div idend will also 

he av.iu.ihic for inspection al the 
office-, cl The Times 

6 If lh— overall price movement of 

more inan one combi nan on of shares 

isluaLv the divider*!, the prire will be 

equal!', divided among the claimants 

milling ihosc combi nations of snares. 

7 All claims are subwcl lo scrutiny 

before pasmenl Aru Times Portfolio 

card l ha l is defaced, tampered with or 

incorrectly printed m arts' way will be void 

B Employees of News International 
pic arid its subsidiaries and of 
Europrin: i^toud Limllvd 'producers 
•and distributor, of ihc card: or 

members ol Uiwr immediate families 

■ire nol allowed lo ploy Times 

Q All par'i npji'L*. will be vubiecl lo 
these Rules All urthTiciions on "hew 
lo PKv " and "hco- Jo claim" whether 
publisned in Tlu- Times or in Times 

Portfolio cards will be deemed lo be 

pari of these Rules The Editor 
reserves I tit rtohl to amend Ihc Rules. 

IQ In anv dispute. The Editor's 

decision is flnai and no correspon- 

dence will be colored into 

li If for any reason The Times 

Prices Page is nol published in the 

normal wav Times Portfolla will be 

suspended lor that day. 

How te play — Daily DtvMand 
On each day your unique set of eight 

numbers will represent commercial 

and industrial shares published In The 

Tunes Portfolio Usi which will appear 

on Uw Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next lo 

your shares note Die price change i+ 

or e in pence, as published In thai 

day's Times. 

Alter listing the puce changes of 
your eight shares for that day. add up 

aD nqhi share changes to give you 

your overall total plus or minus i* or ■ 

Check your overall total against The 

Times Portfolio dividend published on 

tne Stock: Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 

Times Portfolio dividend you have 

won outright or a share of the total 

prize money staled for that day and 

must claim your prize as instructed 


How u play - Weakly DMMnd 

Monday- Saturday record your dally 
Portfolio total. 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

if your total matches the published 
weekly dividend figure you have won 

outfight or a dure of the prttt- honey 

Slated for mat week, and must claim 

your prize as instructed below. 

or fresti, increasing fresh or strong; 
max temp 9C (48F). 

Lake District, Isle of Man, SW, 
NW Scotland, Glasgow, Central 
Highlands, ArgyB, Orkney, Shet- 
land, No r thern Ireland: Rattier 
doudy with showers, prolonged and 
heavy at times with hail and giving 
snow on hills; wind southwesterly 
strong, occasionally gale force; max 
temp BC (46F). 

ME England, Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Moray Firth, 
NE Scotland: Sunny or dear inter- 
vals and scattered showers; wind 
southwesterly fresh, locally strong; 
max temp 9C (48F). 

Outlook for to m orrow and 
Wednesday: Showers or longer 
outbreaks of rain, but brighter and 
drier in eastern parts at first Windy 
at times. Temperatures near or 
rather bstow normal. 

Sun rises: Son sets: 
7.22 am 409 pm 

n Moon sets Moon rises 
841 am 4.11 pm 
Last quarter November 24 

Lighting-up time 

London 4 39 pm to 653 am 
Bristol 4.49 pm to 7.03 am 
Edinburgh *32 pm to 7.25 am 
Manchaatar 4 .40 pm to 7. 10 am 
Penxancn 5.06 pm to 7.10 am 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud: f. tan r. rain: s. sw. 

C F C F 

Belfast f 948 Guernsey r 11 5Z 
B’nngbam r 10 50 Inverness s 11 52 
Blackpool r 1050 Jersey c 1254 
Bristol r 71 52 London c 12 54 
Carom c 11 52 HTnchster ell 52 
Edinburgh 5 1254 Newcastle C1152 
Glasgow s 1050 R'nidsway T 11 52 

Letter from Bahrain 

Bridging the gap 
to Saudi Arabia 

For all its 5,000 yean of 
recorded history Bahrain has 
been an island state separated 
from the mainland of Saudi 
Arabia by 15 miles of warm 
Gulf water, but not any more. 
In an area of the world where 
Herculean civil engineering 
projects funded by oil rev- 
enues have become common- 
place, one of the largest of all 
is about to be declared open 
by King Fahd of Saudi 

It is a 25-kilometre cause- 
way, being a combination of 
bridges and artificial islands. 
Built by the Dutch, it mil 
when finally complete have 
cost the equivalent of over 
£600 million, making it the 
world's most expensive 
bridge and containing enough 
concrete, say the engineers, to 
construct a footpath from 
Bahrain to Australia. 

The Prince of Wales, now 
in Bahrain on his tour of Gulf 
states, was taken out to 
admire it yesterday on the 
Crown Prince of Bahrain’s 

What exactly a causeway 
linking Bahrain and Saudi 
Arabia is for, is the subject of 
some rich but discreet 
speculation. The Saudis, be- 
ing by far the richer of the two 
nations, paid for it and there 
are some Bahrainees who 
harbour the irreligious 
thought that the Saudis might 
have built it for the same kmd 
of reason that one might have 
built a bridge from Liverpool 
to the Isle of Man when 
Douglas had the only legal 
casino. Bahrain is a free and 
easy state, with alcohol and 
unveiled single women, 
which Saudi Arabia is not. 
Saudi women are not even 
allowed to drive cars, and the 
country has no bars, night- 
clubs or even cinemas. Bah- 
rain, on the other hand, is 
wed equipped with pleasure 

Traffic in the other direc- 
tion will be severely re- 
stricted. Single Western 
women will not be allowed to 
drive on it into Saudi Arabia, 
unless they work there or 
have another good reason 
that is not pure pleasure. 
Single Bah rain ee women will 
have to be met by a relative as 
they arrive at the customs 
post built on an artificial 

Bahrainees do, however, 
have good reason to visit 
Saudi Arabia, where most 
consumer goods are a great 
deal cheaper because of the 
country's much greater size. 
Cars for example are up to 
one-third cheaper than they . 
are in Bahrain. But it will 

have to be the menfolk who 
go to collect them. 

Another advantage being 
mentioned, particularly by 
some of Bahrain's 7,000 Brit- 
ish expatriates, is that they 
can now drive home all the 
way to Calais. Once the 
Channel Tunnel is built they 
will be able to motor from 
Bahrain to Bodmin, Builth 
Wells or Berwick-on-T weed. 

When the Prince and Prin- 
cess move to Saudi Arabia 
today on the next and final 
stage of their Middle Eastern 
tour, they will not be using 
the causeway but a chartered 
British Caledonian jet. 

Their impending arrival in 
Riyadh, the Saudi capital has 
caused what appears to be a 
minor diplomatic embarrass- 
ment. Tbeir intended host. 
Crown Prince Abdullah, has 
left the country, allegedly for 
medical treatment in Europe. 
The Crown Prince has 
Syrian wife and is his 
government’s principal con- 
tact with Syria; his departure 
is assumed to be a discreet 
way of avoiding offence to 
the Syrians, with whom 
Britain recently broke off 
diplomatic relations. 

The Crown Prince’s place 
as formal host is expected to 
be taken by Prince Sultan, the 
Saudi Defence Minister, who 
is American educated and 
known to be distinctly pro- 
American. Buckingham Pal- 
ace officials are not in any- 
way regarding the move as a 
snub to the Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales. 

Palace officials have also 
been deriving some amuse- 
ment at reports reaching 
London thai the Princess will 
return home with £1 million 
of jewellery from Shaikhs 
who heaped gold upon the 
Queen during her 1979 Gulf 
tour. The reports are being 
dismissed as pure nonsense. 

Last night the Prince and 
Princess attended a glittering 
state banquet given by the 
Amir of Bahrain. At the 
reception afterwards the 
Prince saw Mr Geoige Pin- 
ker, the Queen's gynae- 
cologist, among the guests 
and beckoned him to join the 
royal couple. 

“Georgs, what are you 
doing here?” said the Princess 
loudly in surprise. 

Mr Victor Chapman, the 
royal couple's press secretary, 
rushed towards reporters to 
explain that Mr Pinker’s pres- 
ence was a mere coincidence; 
he is a guest at a wedding in 
the Bahraini royal family 

Alan Hamilton 

High Tides 

Mtfue sky; bc-Uw Ay and cloud: c- 
cioiKiy: o-overcast: f-fog; iMrtzzIc h- 
hatl: mtst-mlst: r-rain: s-snow: u>- 
(luindcratorni: jmhawera. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed (multi dieted. Temperature 


London Bridge 2.08 

Aberdeen 1.17 

Avownouth 7.28 

Belfast 11.16 

CoRflfl 7.13 

Dewnport 5 S3 
Dave* 11.18 

Feknoirth 5.23 

Glasgow 1259 


Holyhead 1080 
Hrf 624 

MIqrI Haven 625 
Newquay 5.15 
Oban 5.43 


Souttantotaa 1127 
Swansea 629 
Tees 3.45 

WTtomoeHMza 11 SB 
Tide m ow ed hi 



Around Britain 






Bo wneatt h 







Sun Rein 
Itrs si 
x 28 
4.7 22 

IS .18 

4.6 29 
x 28 

5S 24 

46 .35 
3S 23 

4.7 .40 
42 SI 
54 .64 
64 28 
52 .43 

7.4 20 

5.8 .16 

6.5 .10 
74 .10 

7.8 - 

7.7 - 

C F 

10 50 sunny 

11 52 bright 

11 52 sunny 

12 54 sunny 

13 55 sunny 
13 55 sunny 

ScOy Isles 

12 54 

11 52 

13 55 
13 55 
13 55 
13 65 

12 54 

13 55 

14 57 
13 55 
13 55 

13 55 

14 57 

















These are Friday's figures 

Sun Rein 
tvs In 
62 24 

7.6 .01 
82 23 

x .01 
72 .14 
62 - 
6.9 - 

4.7 47 
72 27 

74 .02 
62 - 
62 .02 
62 22 
62 .17 
52 .02 

5.7 25 
12 .11 
54 .10 
42 22 
42 S8 
52 26 

C F 
14 57 
13 55 
13 55 
13 55 

12 54 
11 52 

10 50 

13 55 

11 52 
13 55 
13 55 
11 52 
11 52 
11 52 

11 52 

12 54 
11 52 
7 45 

10 SO 
10 50 
10 50 
9 46 
























Energy conservation 

TMopnons The Ten** Port lotto claim* 
line nM'UJTZ between tt Mtoaw ana 
IMpm, on DM My ww evonit Mel 
matchai Ti*o nmu wtrouo ptw iaeno. 
No damn can ht accepted onuida Diue 

Vou mint have your card with you 
when you Irtcpfinne. 

II you are unable to twroiwnc 
wmeonc riw tan claim on your behalf 

but iiu*v mini navi* i our card and can 

The Time? Portfolio claims line 
between I he stipulated Umes 
No responsibility can be accepted 
for failure 10 contact the claims sifter 
lor any reason within the stolen 

The cbnvr imiructlons are jp 
piirawr to both dsny and weekly 
die idend claims. 

Heat lass through the walls of 
an average house can account 
for one third of al) heaL 
A new booklet Make the most 
of your heating is now available 
free, from ; Distribution Unit, 
Energy Efficiency Unit. Room 
1312. Thames House South, 
Mill bank. London. SWIP 4QJ. 

HBti Printed bv London Po« rpnnl- 
ere i Limited ol 1 Vlnunla Street. 
London El 9XN and by News 
Scotland Ltd.. 124 portnuui Stmt 
Klnnlnq Part,. Gbnoow G41 1EJ. 
Monday. 17 Not ember. 1986 -Hcg- 
•stf’rea as a newspaper al Die Post 


Ajaccio s 
Akfbttri s 
Alex*drts c 
Algtora c 
Amur An c 
Athens 1 
Bahrain s 

dou* d. drizzle: ». lain fg, fog: r. rain: s. sun: sn. snow: l thunder. 
C F C F 

S ? 12 54 Miqora. 

£ £2 S? ta, B n > 9 48 Malaga 

21 70 Corfu s 20 68 Malta 

’S S S'**" s 11 52 MaVma 

8 46 Dubrovoflt s 18 64 MaxfeoC* 

Baroetoa I 

Bermuda' r 
Biatritz s 
8afdCx s 
BouTne I 


Budapst s 
B Aires' s 
Calm f 

Cape Tn s 
CTXanca f 
Ch'church s 

17 63 Fare 
22 72 Florence 
Fr anMon 
20 68 FUntdtaf 

16 61 Gibraltar 
9 48 Helsinki 
19 66 Hong K 
16 61 Imiamck 
14 57 
12 54 

10 50 Jo’fenrg- 
12 54 Karachi 
39102 L Palmas 
20 68 Lisbon 
27 81 Locarno 
17 63 L Angela' 

15 59 Madrid 

18 64 
s 15 59 Man 

f 13 55 

c 18 64 Moscow 
«g 7 45 Munich 
s 18 64 N a bob! 
c 3 37 Nmles 
r 18 64 Nfemf 
S 13 55 N York* 
f 11 52 Mce 
s 31 88 Oato 
I 26 79 Paris 
s 29 84 Peking 
c 20 68 Perth 
s 15 59 Prague 
f 13 55 Rerifrilc 
c 17 63 Rhodes 
f 11 52 RtodeJ 
s 13 55 Riyadh 

C F 

21 70 Rome 

20 68 S Prism' 
18 64 Snottem* 

c 10 50 Stng'por 
c -1 30 StUnhi 
c 0 32 StasbYg 
9 14 57 Sydney 
I 24 75 Tangier 
s 21 70Tcfart« 
s 28 82 Tenerife 
s 2 36 Tokyo 
c 17 63 Taranto* 
c 3 37 Timls 
I 11 52 Valencia 
r 19 66 Venice 
1 9 46 Vienna 
C 2 36 Wtoaftw 
s 18 64 Vftshtort* 
S 25 77 WoFnlea 
S 22 72 Zurich 

C F 
20 68 
14 57 
14 57 
17 63 

' denotes Friday's figures are latest avatafito 

s 6 43 
f 32 90 
c 7 45 
s 17 63 
C 21 70 
9 16 61 
c 20 68 
c 20 68 
f 14 57 
c -2 28 
f 21 70 
1 18 64 
s 7 45 
C 11 52 
c 6 43 
C 7 45 
f 2 36 
S 17 63 
S 12 54 

i ; ' "S K ^ 

- > • A 


- V \ 

1 ^ ! I ; 1] 


7.1 £18 

4.1 1.41 

13.1 7.47 13.0 
34 11-32 13 

12.7 7.32 12h 
5J> 6.07 
6 J5 11.42 

53 537 
4.7 1.Q2 


54 10.45 
7 2 646 
8 8 632 

5.4 a04 

9.0 11.43 
24 10.06 

4.7 12.11 

67 6.43 

68 5 33 
3.9 6.03 

5.6 602 
Z2 7-33 


60 1140 

4.4 11.24 
33 649 
63 4.04 









67 > 






-‘A rs 


■ ' v - , .■ v, 
_ \ 
" . ?iyi. 


‘ ain' 

.~s i: 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Change on umpiry 

FT 30 Share 

1293.2 (-24.0) 

FT-SE 100 

1644.3 (-18.3) 

(Change on wooir) 

US Dollar 

1 .4295 (+0.0020) 

W German mark 

2.8647 (-0.0802) 


68.3 (-1. If 

leave the 
old fog 

By David Smith 
Economics Corespondent 

The City is awaiting the 
money supply figures, due out 
on Thursday, with more than 
the usual amount of un- 
certainty. Even so, the mone- 
tary fog is likely to remain. 

The figures w til break with 
tradition in two ways: they 
will be published at 1 1.30am 
instead of the usual 2.30pm 
and they have been switched 
to a calendar month 
The difficulty arises over 
the Bank of England's de- 
cision to change to calendar 
month calculations. Pre- 
viously the figures were pub- 
lished for four or five week 
banking months. 

When the money supply 
data was produced on a 
banking month basis, the 
Bank adjusted the PSBR to 
produce seasonally adjusted 
sterling M3 figures. 

But die Treasury is unhappy 
about supplying seasonally ad- 
justed calendar month figures 
Tor the PSBR, because they 
could be used to assess under- 
lying borrowing trends. So it 
will continue to produce 
PSBR figures on the old basis. 

City expectations on the 
October statistics due tomor- 
row range from a PSBR of 
£800 million, to negative 
borrowing of £600 million. 

The Bank will produce 
seasonally adjusted money 
supply figures on Thursday, 
but it will not provide adjust- 
ments for all the components. 

Mr David Wtleman of 
Capel-Cure Myere expects a 2 
per cent rise in September 
sterling M3 but only a 0.25-0.5 
per cent increase last month. * 
Heavy Bank intervention to 
support the pound and large 
gilt sales will have restrained 
the growth of sterling M3 last 
month, although the 12r 
month rate of increase is 
expected to remain above 18 

The Gty view is that ster- 
ling M3 will have risen by 
about 0.5 per cent in October. 
The figure is unlikely to show 
a slow-down in monetary 
growth. * 

MPs to quiz 

The House of Commons 
Treasury and Civil Service 
Select Committee is expected 
to question the financial pru- 
dence of the Government's 
policies on borrowing when it 
takes evidence on Thursday 
from Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, on his autumn 

Some committee members 
are concerned that the Gov- 
ernment will be unable to stick 
to its borrowing target of £7 
billion for next year if the 
Budget includes any tax cuts. 
Although non-oil revenues are 
buoyant, this could change if 
the real growth in consumer 
spending slows down. 

Analysis 22 US Notebook 23 
Co News 22*23, Invest Tisi 23 
Foreign Exch 22 Share Prices 24 
Comment 23 Gilt-edged . 25 
(J5M Renew 23 Money Mricts 25 
USM Prices 23 Appts 25 

Its [•)£! •JiViHSSToMA'i 

Channon names 

inquiry team 

Mr Paul Channon, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, has appointed two 
inspectors to investigate the 
allegations of insider d wiling 
by Mr Geoffrey Collier 
“and/or persons associated 
with him”. 

The inspectors are Mr Peter 
Scott QC, a leading barrister, 
and Mr Graham Kennedy, a 
senior executive of James 
Capei, the stockbroking firm, 
and a member of the rnunwi 
of the Stock Exchange. 

They will start their in- 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

Sec- the Financial Services Act and see 
e and forms pan of the Govern- All 
i two ment's determination to act con 
e the quickly to maintain the City's h 
sating reputation. crin 

’oilier The new powers — which tha 
tinted came into effect at midnight sua 
on Friday — will enable the c a u ! 
Peter inspectors to examine under pro 
rister, oath anyone they think can ves 
dy, a give evidence, whether or not adn 

A comparer check of people 
registering for preferential 
treatment in the British Gas 
share sale has shown turn- 

report back to Mr Channon, 
who will th<pn riftnirig whether 
there is a case for prosecution. 
The DTI could not say how 
long the investigation would 
take but the inspectors may 
make an interim report. 

Mr Collier was farced to 
resign as a director of Morgan 
Grenfell Securities after buy- 
ing shares in AE, the engineer- 
ing company, through an 
outside stockbroker shortly 
before Hollis, one of Morgan 
Grenfell's diems, launched a 
takeover bid. 

Yesterday's announcement 
follows the decision taken last 
week to rush forward the 
introduction of tough new 
powers of investigation under 

nraltiple applications. Twenty 
potential Midlands investors 
who have registered as gas 
customers at various ad- 
dresses have been identified. 

Mr Richard Blackburn, 
partner of Touche Ross which 
is handling the investigation, 
said potential multiple ap- 
plicants would merely receive 
a “gentle letter." But British 
Gas has said it may prosecute 
multiple applications. 

they are suspected of an 

see any relevant documents. 
All evidence will be treated in 

Insider dealing became a 
criminal offence in 1980 but 
there have only been four 
successful prosecutions be- 
cause of the difficult)’ of 
proving the offence. This in- 
vestigation begins with an 
admission on paper by Mr 
Collier of a breach of Morgan 
Grenfell's in-house share deal- 
ing rules. 

Mr Kennedy is a 
joimchairman of the Stock Ex- 

9 yuUUlUUiD V.UUI- 

mittee. which overseas the 
flow of information from pub- 
lic companies to the market. 

The DTI was anxious to 
appoint as one inspector a 
senior city practitioner, well- 
versed in the workings and 
loopholes of the market 

This is the first time the 
DTI has appointed inspectors 
to investigate insider trading. 

Morgan Grenfell said yes- 
terday that as far as it was 
aware, the AE share trans- 

Opec shift to 
fixed oil price 
may lift pound 

Oil prices, which went 
above the Si 5-a-barrel level at 
the end of last week are likely 
lo continue to rise today in the 
wake of an Opec decision to 
return to a fixed-price system 
for oil with a target price of 
S18 by the end of this year. 

The decision may help to 
underpin the pound which last 
week came under pressure in 
foreign exchange markets as 
West Germ any tightened its 
fiscal and monetary policy. 

After a year of allowing the 
world oil price to be set by the 
spot markets — during which 
time it plunged from $30 to 
under $10 - Opec has agreed 
it will uy to reintroduce fixed- 
price contracts. 

By Our Energy Correspondent 

which went latest field to come on stream, 
itiUla field j° the Norn g-ag 
week are likely sector which a operated ItyBP 

ise today in the and which has Ji* 51 
iec decision to pumping 30,000 °f oil 

d-price system a day can only be, pofitabte 
target price of with an oil prior weD jh excess 
of this year. of $15. 

i may help to The Opec policy of sending 
iund which last prices down was patriaUy 
ler pressure in mteoded to force o°B-°pec 
ge markets as countries such as Britain to 
tightened its cooperate in production cuts 
aary policy. « bring supplies into line with 

of allowing the demancl _ 
to be set by the However, with all 13 Opec 
- during which nations almost entirely depen - 
i from $30 to dent on oil for their income, 
pec has a gr eed the plan, drawn up by Sheikh 
itroduce fixed- Ahmed Zalti Yamani, foe 
since deposed Saudi oil min- 

British Gas faces 
fuel costs wrangle 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

offence. If a witness refuses to action was an isolated case, 
co-operate he can be held in and there was no evidence of 1 
contempt of court or banned further deals by Mr Collier or 
from carrying out any invest- any other Morgan Grenfell 
meat business. The inspectors employees which broke the 
will also be able to demand to bank’s in-house rules. 

British Gas, which mores 
into the private sector this 

British Gas broke with Chat , 
tradition this year and nsed ; 

Boesky resigns at Cambrian 
as US court impounds stake 

month, has been accused of figures which the Electricity 
mani p airing figures to make Council — whose chairman is 
gas-heated homes appear Sir Philip Jones - says uses 
much cheaper to rtm than revised examples and assnmp- 
honses using electricity. dons which present a much 

Sales staff in the electrical poorer case for decririty. 
supply industry hare been The main difference is that 
handed briefing documents the British Gas leaflet fllus- 
whkh daim that figures being trates the costs of off-peak 
issaed by gas boards are not electric central beating which 

Opec's 13 oil ministers are ister, backfired. The call for a 
to meet in Geneva on Decern- return to a fixed-pnre 
her 1 1 to endorse a proposal originated from Iran out 
agreed by its price-fixing gained momentum only once 
committee which met over the Sheikh Hisham Nazer, the 
weekend in Ecuador under the new Saudi oil minister, threw 
Chairmanship of foe Kuwaiti his country's weight behind it. 

oil minister. The Sheikh and foe Iranian 

A meeting of Opec's oil minister had both been 
marketing committee is to be prepared to attend foe price- 
held in Vienna on November fixing committee in Ecuador 
22 to decide how oil output until preliminary contacts 
should be shared out within showed that all Opec countries 
the cartel, but foe December would be likely to support foe 
meeting is expected to reach a plan in Geneva in December, 
unanimous aereemeni anri 

call for a target price of $24 by • A $70 billion deal for the 
foe middle of next year. sale °f Norwegian natural gas 

_ to Western Europe is under 

An Opec commitment to a threat because France has 
fixed-price system will send refused to meet its part of the 
North Sea oil prices up and contract and missal a dead- 

lhem government ^ ^ f or yesterday (Reuter 

By Richard Lander 

Mr Ivan Boesky, the dis- 
graced New York arbitrageur 
who was fined $100 mini on 
for insider trading on Friday, 
1ms resigned as chairman and 
director of Cambrian & Gen- 
eral Securities, the British 
investment trust, and placed 
his £32 million block of shares 
in the company in the hands 
of an American court-ap- 
pointed agent. 

His resignation, which was 
gjven to the Cambrian board 
on Friday after the fine was 
announced by the American 
Securities and Exchange 
Commission, will forestall any 
problems that Cambrian 
might have had with the Stock 
Exchange about Mr Boesky 
being a “fit and proper 
person” to be a director of a 
listed company. 

The Cambrian shares have 
been placed in the hands ofMr 
David Wrisberg, a New York 
lawyer, who was appointed as 
escrow agent for the case by 
foe U S federal court for foe 
southern district ofNew York. 

Ivan Boesky: fined $100nt 
for insider trading 
The shares, together with 

“The U S government will 
decide what to do with them 
and then tell the escrow agent 
I presume they will be sold 

Cambrian's net assets, most 
of which are held m the 
United Stales, have increased 
from £8 million in 1982 when 
Mr Boesky first took a stake in 
the trust to around £100 
million at present. His 
shareholding in the group 
comprised 12 per cent of tire 
ordinary shares and 73 per 
cent of the capital shares. 

In London, a Stock Ex- 
change spokesman said that 

based ou approved statistids. 

British Gas has admitted 
abandoning the use of figures 
issued by Mr Peter Walker's 

assumes an 80 per cent use of 
off-peak power and 20 per cent 
at normal daily tariffs. The 
electricity industry and the 

Energy Efficiency Office be- Government use a 90 per cent 
cause It “disputes their off-peak coosomptioa figure 

relevance.” It says that then- 
own figures are the latest and 
most accurate. 

British Gas, whose chair- 

wfth only 10 per cent being at 
the higher daily rates. 

It also says that British Gas 
is attribu tin g a much higher 


The British Government 
will also welcome increased 
oil prices and their effect on 
the pace of development in the 
North Sea which has been 
badly hit by the price fall. 

Job prospects in the areas 

reports from Oslo). 

The deal, to develop the 
North Sea Troll and Sleipner 
gas fields and build a pipeline 
from the sea to Belgium, 
would turn Norway into West- 
ern Europe's largest gas sup- 
plier by the end of this 

where there are rig-building century, providing 25 per cent 
facilities and offshore supply 0 f its needs. 

man is Sir Denis Rooke, also efficiency rating to its own 
disputes figures on home heat- applicants in comparison to 

ing provided by the 
Government's BaOdmg Re- 
search Establishment. 

Until recently, the gas and 

electrical appliances. 

Mr Bin MacIntyre, the 
director general of the Energy 
Efficiency Office, said: “Our 

electricity industries issued guide to heating costs was 
annual “Guide to Fuel Run- produced in consultation with 

investments in a US com- while no formal ban bad been 
pony, were ordered to be placed on future dealings by 

mug Costs” leaflets based on 
figures prepared by Mr 
Walker's office. However, 

the energy industry and house- 
holders should read it if they 
want independent advice.” 

bases have diminished and the 
local economies in areas such 
as Aberdeen and Shetland 
have been suffering. The 
Royal Bank of Scotland has 
predicted that as many as 
32,000 oil-related jobs could 
disappear in Scotland if the 
present climate continues. 

Production costs in foe 
North Sea are such that the 

The Norwegians reached 
agreement earlier this year 
with gas buyers from West 
Germany, The Netherlands, 
Belgium and Fiance to de- 
velop the fields. 

However, France, which 
would take about 40 per cent 
of the gas, has refused to give 
official approvaL 

placed in an escrow account to 
make up the $50 million cavil 
penalty imposed by the SEC 

Mr Boesky, a note would be 
attached to his entry at foe 
Stockbrokers Mutual Ref- 

Report hits at fuel-aid policy failures 

The other half of the largest- erence Agency, the market’s 
ever insider dealing settlement client information service. 

represent trading profits from 
Mr Boesky*s dealings. 

Mr Harvey Pitt, Mr 
Boesky’s lawyer, confirmed 
from New York that his client 
was no longer the beneficial 
owner of foe Cambrian shares. 

which would require member 
firms to refer to the 
Exchange's record office. The 
Exchange would then toll 

firms: “You may deal for him volved are energy-efficient has 
but yon may be called on later been attacked by the Associ- 
to justify your actions.” ation for the Conservation of 

By Our Energy 
The government policy of 
paying fuel allowances to low- 
income households without 
ensuring that the homes in- 
volved are energy-efficient has 

Washington seeks stronger 
rules to curb takeover deals 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

The abrupt fan of Mr Ivan agreement with Federal 
Boesky, fined $100 million in authorities, Mr Boesky is ex- 
an unprecedented insider pected to name names and 
trading case, has fuelled foe deab that could implicate 
drive m Washington for new Wall Street s leading houses. ^ 

rules to curb the wave of 
corporate takeovers. 

In the shadowy world of foe 
arbitrageur, Mr Boesky was 


TODAY - Interims: N Brown 
Investments, Infrared Asso- 
ciates, Ivory & Sime, London 
Securities, S & U Stores, 
Volex Group. Finals: ANZ 
Banking Group, Concentric 
(amended). Diploma, M M T 
Computing, St Ives Group, 
SAC International Share 
Drug Stores, TMD Advertis- 
ing Holdings. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Abbeycrest, C M L 

Microsystems, B Elliott, 
London International 
Corporation, M K Etectnc 
Group, Thames Television, 
WCRS Group, Young and Co. 
Finals: Moran Tea Holdings, 
Oceana Consofidaied Hold- 
ings, Scottish Cities Invest- 
ment Trust, Williamson. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
A van a Group, Black Arrow 
Group. Bulmer & Lumb 
Holdings, Bectra Investment 
Trust, Jersey General Invest- 
ment Trust, Lewmar, 

Tan iS Congrts- regaidedas king. Evenbefore 
sional bearing tomorrow, the a takeover was 
examination of the proposed had an uncanny ability to pick 
takeover of foe Goodyear foe nght shares, buying and 
Tyre & Rubber Company by selling stocks 
Sir James Goldsmith will pames m a dazzling array of 
~ ■ trades which earned him eoor- 

to come. mous snon-term piu<iu>. 

Goodyear has launched an rently, it is estimated that he 
emotional national campaign SP“ tr 2j?!Sj? e ? valued at more 
against the takeover. Com- than $2 hjfo°^- 
pany officials are appealing to The US becu tines ana 
Congress to protectUScom- Exchange Commission said in 
ramesfroin unwanted take- its case agamsl him, however, 
SJS bfos whkhtead to a that Mr Boesky stepped across 
proliferation of debt- the foir 

The case against Mr Boesky legal and illegal m arbitrage 
has s tre ngthened the backlash deals. 
against takeovers by exposing 

2£ret alliances on Wall Street “tips and rumours ^ the life 
that helped fadhtaie several blood of the suceessfUartgra- 
controversial mergers over foe geur, he Saioedaoc^s to illegal 
nasi two years. Over the next inside information from 
few monfos, as part of his market professionals who 
sew mijpuxs, were obliged to remain silent 

the SEC said. 

One of these informants 

Sketchtev. Wanifbrd Invest- Mr Dermis Levine, an 
SS-Whiforead & Com- investment banker who 
jKTaosiX ptaded guilty u> securities 

P aDy ~ . 4. fraud charges last summer m 

the first insider trading case to 


The association says the 
iX UilliCi present policy is like “trying to 
O fiU a bath without putting the 

ver deals p % a new report, published 

a former managing director of pRpCF 

Drexel Burnham Lambert, ex- /...i- 

posed Mr Boesky. STOllDS CUt 

Wall Street is now waning 0 
anxiously to see who Mr AflAFfTV 111 11 
Boesky will expose as part of CLICJI gj MRXJ. 
his agreement with foe SEC B ^ Gtv 

“There is going to be a major, _ T^~ Iy 
major shake up. No one had an The British paper ^industry, 
information network as exten- among foe country's largest 
sive as his,” said a Wall Street energy users, achieved sigmfi- 
uader. cant savings in its fuel biffs last 

Whether Mr Boesky ac- year in response to foe 
tually goes to prison as a result Government’s energy-saving 
“ - — * ' ■ ' campaigns. 

in conjunction with Neigh- 
bourhood Energy Action, the 
association compares prac- 
tices in the US with what 
happens in Britain. 

Mr Andrew Warren, the 
association's director, sai± 
“Every 1 British winter brings 
reports in the media of fresh 
horror stories concerning 
those unable to keep them- 
selves warm. Our American 
studies demonstrate clearly 
tfast such problems can be 

“They prove there are ways 
of ensuring that those who 
need help with paying their 
gas and electricity tells can be 
certain of as sistance in making 
their homes weather-proof. 

“What are required are 
positive responses from cen- 
tral government, gas and elec- 
tricity utilities alike, to ensure 
that, before this winter is out. 
every needy household is put 
in touch with people who can 
insulate their homes.” 

Mr Warren said that every 

day of delay “means a further 
day of misery for those suffer- 
ing from fuel poverty, foe 
most vulnerable in our com- 

The Government has in- 
creased spending on fuel 
allowances through foe De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security over the past six years 
from £1 10 million annualy to 
£400 million each year with 
more than 2J> million house- 
holds receiving allowances. 

Sketchley, Wanifbrd Invest- 
ments, Whitbread & Com- 
pany. Finals: Australia 
Investment Trust, Jessups, 
Rank Hovis McDougalL 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
Beecham Group, BET, 
Boots, British Petroleum 
Company (3rd quarter). 
Brown Shipley Holdings, Ca- 
ble and Wireless (amended), 
Checkpoint Europe, Chloride 
Group, DDT Group, Ful- 
crum Investment' Trust, 
Hazlewood ' Foods, Premier 
Group Holdings, Seantronic 
Holdings, Walker & . Staff 
Holdings, Witan Investment 
Company. Finals: Burton 
Group,. Rodime. 

FRIDAY - Interims Ocean 
Wilsons Holdings, Personal 
Assets Trust. Rothmans Inter- 
national, Somic. Finals: 
Bertrams Investment Trust, 
British Empire Securities and 
General. Trust, Tyzack 

charge against him will de- 
pend on foe extent of his co- 
operation with federal 
prosecutors, U S officials said. 

Meanwhile, the relationship 
between arbitrageurs and 
investment bankers is under- 
going close scrutiny that could 
lead to new, restrictive legisla- 
tion in Congress. 

Mr T. Boone Pickens, a 
well-known raider who has 
forced several mergers in the 
oil industry, said yesterday he 
fears Congress will act too 

Mr Carl Icahn, who is 
currently involved in an $8 
billion takeover bid for USX 
Corporation, said foe case 
against Mr Boesky does not 
change foe real impetus be- 
hind takeovers. “Many 
corporations are stagnating in 

The industry reduced its 
total energy consumption by 
1.8 per cent compared with 
1984 while increasing its total 
production of paper and board 
by 2.5 per cent. 

The industry achieved foe 
savings while its own j»wer 
generation has been faffing. 
Only 22 per cent of the power 
used in the industry is gen- 
erated by in-house plants, 
compared with 28 per cent in 
1 984 and 59 per cent in 1 974. 

While foe industry invested 
£18.4 million in enerjgy-saving 
.equipment foe British Paper 
and Board Industry Federa- 
tion has calculated that the 
investment will be repaid in 
about two-and-a-half 
years. The improvement is due 
in large pan to an energy 
management programme, 
foefederarion says. 

UIL IU UMIUVI W — — I ~ - f 

shake Wall Street. Mr Levine, a sea of bureaucracy, ftesaia. 

Heath steps up bid defence 

By Onr City Staff 

CE Heath, the insurance in its final offer by excluding 
broker, stepped np its defence its international operations. 
againtf the - unwanted £170 Mr Newton said the final 
milk', takeover offer from PWS offer “contains no an- 
PWS Holdings last night by swers to the serious questions 
cl aiming that a merged group on the financial and conuncf- 
woold be planned by heavy rial logic of PWS’s proposals 
burdens and the which I raised in my previous 
defection of key personneL letter” He said profits would 
The riflims were made in a fall after a merger because 
Jotter to Heath shareholders vital staff would leave, while a 
from Mr Derek Newton, foe combined group would also 
chairman, who also alleged have to cope with substantial 
that PWS, another insurance loan, gross-debt and dividend 
broker, had substantially over- payments, 
stated its eanungs-growth Mr Newton is advising 
record over the past five years shareholders to vote in favoor 

of a merger with Fielding 
Insurance, a private company. 

A spokesman for Morgan 
Grenfell, PWS’s advisers, said 
most of tiie debt in a combined 
operation would come from 
Heath and pointed rat that 
Heath shareholders could opt 
for the partial cash alter- 

PWS is offering three 
shares and four convertible 
shares for every four Heath 
ordinaries. The offer is worth 
about 540p a share against 
Heath's dosing price on Fri- 
day of 483p. 

A mortgage 

for life’s lit tle ups 
and downs. 

Wouldn't it be marvellous if you could ehuosc how 
much you pay each month in mortgage repayment? 

It is possible. John CharcoTs new flexible mortgage 
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It combines the advantages of a fixed interest-’floating 
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monthly payment without prior notice. 

Inlike other mortgages, which cither haw a fixed 
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the market, our new mortgage gives you a choice. 

You may opt for a floating rate and then ehaiigc 
your mortgage to a fixed rate at a month's notice. More 
interesting, you may opt to defer np to 30% of the 
payments whenever you wish. 

This means you can choose m pay less if the interest 
rate rises. Or if your other commitments rise. 

If your other expenses come down, or your income 
climbs temporarily, you may opt to pay more. 

Our new mortgage is available to everyone who is 
looking to borrow between £15.UU1 and £250.000. up to 
3.5 times a single income. 

it is available to purchase properties up to 100 % of 
their value, although sums up to 70*% can be borrowed 
without a status enquiry. 

In short, if your income is flexible, if your outgoing 
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Malaise in liability market 
starts rush to self-insurance 

frly Alison Eadie 

The deep malaise in the 
liability insurance market 
worldwide has precipitated a 
rush to self-insurance this 
year by companies and 
groups of professionals no 
longer able to buy adequate 
cover in the conventional 
insurance market. 

Soaring rates for shrinking 
cover, on such unpopular 
classes of business as pro- 
fessional indemnity and pro- 
duct liability have led to the 
re-emergence of captive and 
mutual insurance companies, 
which insure the risks of their 
shareholders or members. 

In Britain, accountants, 
solicitors, company directors, 
architects and even Lloyd's 
brokers are among the pro- 
fessionals who have turned to 
self-insurance. In America, 
huge corporations such as 
Ford Motor, Dow Chemical, 
Du Pont, Eastman Kodak 
and Ciba-Geigy have com- 
bined to form captive insur- 
ance companies writing their 
own product-liability cover. 

The problems in the liabil- 
ity market are at the extreme 
end of the present upswing in 
the insurance cycle. la the 
early 1980s underwriters lost 
money band over fist on 
liability business. They are 
now trying to recoup those 
losses and, despite the huge 
rate rises of the past two 
years, they are by no means 
certain they have succeeded. 

Much of the blame is laid 
at the door of the American 
system. The willingness 
American juries to award 
staggeringly large compensa- 
tion claims is an insurer's 
nightmare. The contingency 
system, whereby lawyers can 
earn 70 per cent of the 
damages awarded to their 
clients, encourages lawsuits. 

Reforms of the system 
have been mooted, including 
limiting contingency fees and 
making unsuccessful plain- 
tiffs pay the defendant's 
costs. However, these have 
yet to hit the statute books 
and affect the insurance mar- 
ket Meanwhile rates rise, 
capacity dries up as insurers 
desert the riskiest classes of 
business and the insured 
squeal louder. 

The rush to self-insure has 
been born out of desperation 

to find cover, rather than out 
of a desire to obtain a better 
price. In this -respect the 
move to form captives is 
different to that of previous 

In the late 1970s. when 
insurance rates were firm, 
price was the main determin- 
ing factor in the creation of 
captives. Some were little 
more than offshore invest- 
ment funds rather than genu- 
ine insurance companies. 

As rates softened in the 
early 1980s, several of the 
captives went bust and the 
insurance business flowed 
back 'to the conventional 

Insurers do not believe the 
pattern will be repeated this 
time around, because the new 
breed of captives has been set 
up for genuine insurance 
reasons and on sound finan- 
cial footings rather than sim- 
plyto make a quick profit 

They tend to be heavily 
capitalized, professionally 
managed and, although they 
are mostly offshore, they are 
not seeking to dodge tax. 

American Casualty Excess 
(ACE; set up in Bermuda in 
July last year to write chemi- 
cal product-liability cover has 
a store capital of $500 mil- 
lion (£350 million) and can 
provide cover of$ 100 million 
in excess of a basic $100 

The captives are also 
“multi-assured" rather than 
being individual in-house 
insurance arms for targe 
corporations. Companies 
such as Unilever and Im- 
perial Chemical Industries 
have had captive insurance 
companies dealing with their 
property insurance since the 
1930s. Such captives only 
write the parent company's 
business and are used as 
internal cash-flow generators. 

The new liability captives 
and mutuals write for a wide 
range of shareholders and 
members. Most will not 
touch business from non- 
shareholders or non-mem- 
bers for fear of accepting bad 
risks but some are now 
branching oul XL Insurance, 
the Barbados excess-liability 
insurer covering directors’ 
and officers' insurance, began 

taking non-shareholder busi- 
ness in June. 

The shift is not merely a 
sign of increased confidence 
in assessing risks, but a way 
of dealing with the problems 
presented by the American 
Inland Revenue Service. 

The Mobil Oil case in the 
United States established that 
a company inuring its own 
risks with a wholly-owned 
insurance subsidiary was not 
transferring risk and could 
therefore obtain no tax . 
deduction for the premiums 
retained by the captive. 

A more recent provision in 
the Tax Reform Act threatens 
to remove the tax benefits of 
multi-assured captives. Com- 
panies more than 25 per cent- 
owned by American share- 
holders are now liable to 
taxation, even if corporate 
profits are never repatriated 
to the US. Previously the rule 
was that taxation was levied 
if a single American company 
owned more than 25 per cent 

The new rule puts offshore 
captives at a disadvantage to 
onshore commercial insurers. 
It has already claimed one 
casualty in foe form of Apex, 
a captive-writing indemnity 
insurance for American law 
firms, insurance brokers, 
accountants and other pro- 
fessionals. Apex foiled to go 
live as scheduled on October 
1 due to the tax com- 

The choices for captives 
are to reduce their American 
ownership below 25 per cent, 
logo public which confers tax 
exemption, to move onshore, 
or to ensure that more than 

80 per cent of their net annual 
premiums come from clients 
other than shareholders. 

XL is exploring foe latter 

onshore route. The US 
broker Johnson & Higgins is 
planning a captive based in 
Vermont, writing environ- 
mental pollution rides. An 
onshore location was chosen 
primarily to make the 
captives’ policies acceptable 
as guarantees of financial 
responsibility at a federal 
level, but also to fit in with 
foe new tax law. 

Captives and mutuals are 
hardly a new phenomenon. 
The Phoenix insurance com- 
pany was set up in 1782 by 
disgruntled sugar merchants, 
who could not obtain insur- 
ance cover after their ware- 
houses burnt down. 

The question exerd&ng the 
minds of underwriters, who 
are seeing business they used 
to write flow to captives, is 
whether they win suffer 
permanent loss of market 

The tightness of capacity in 
the present market means 
nobody is suffering from lack 
of business. Many insurers 
are turning away liability 
business because there is 
plenty of less risky business 
in other classes available. The 
crunch will come when 
higher rates encourage a 
resurgence of capacity and 

The size and sophistication 
of the new captives make it 
unlikely that they will give up 
in the face of tower rates in 
the conventional insurance 

market. Captives and mutu- 
als have the great advance 
of smoothing the volatility of 
the insurance cycle, 
serve a useful function 
throughout the cycle and, 
because they are not paying 
outside insurers' ovc 
they should save their 
shareholders and members 

The depth of the crisis in 
foe liability market raises foe 
possibility that foe market 
win see a fundamental 
restructuring towards cap- 

Mr Dick Page, chief exec- 
utive officer of Fred S James, 
the American broker owned 
by the British -Sedgwick 
group, has speculated that 
between 33 per cent and 50 
per cent of the commercial 
insurance market coukl be 
covered by self-insurance and 
captives by 1989. 

Others feel this figure is for 
too high and say there will 
always be a role for captives 
and m utuals, but as. com- 
plements to the conventional 
insurance market. 

Some shipping mutuals, 
for example, set up more than 
100 years ago, tend to handle 
protection and indemnity 
business, leaving the more 
straightforward bull insur- 
ance to Lloyd's. 

Even if the conventional 
insurance market loses direct 
business permanently to cap- 
tives, it should pick up re- 
insurance. At present cap- 
tives are not seeking re- 
insurance, because this part 
of the market has dried up as 
much as the direct insurance 

Re-insurance will flow 
back in time, but Mr 
estimates that captives coi 
retain up to 80 per cent or 
more of the risk before seek- 
ing re-insurance cover. Such 
a high level of retention 
would leave lean pickings for 
the insurance market 

At foe moment, the insur- 
ance market worldwide is in a 
state of flux and nobody 
knows what win happen in 
five years, or however long it 
takes for rates to soften and 
capacity to return. 

Underwriters are still jack- 
ing up their rates and turning 
liability business away. And 
those seeking insurance axe 
still turning in their droves to 


half year results 

“firmly in line 


Sir John Clark, Chairman 

Operating profit up by 21.5% 
Pre-tax profit up by 24.3% 
Earnings per share up by 37.4% 

1986-87 half year results 

An extract from The Plessey Company's unaudited consolidated accounts. 

26 weeks ended 

26 Sept 1986 


26 weeks ended 

27 Sept 1985 




Operating profit 



Profit before taxation 



Earnings per share 

1 Before extraordinary Rcmv 



The Plessey Company pic 
Vicarage lane, Ilford, Essex IGl 4AQ. 

n i «» i .... .r wmm* wu *m,.* n. n , ...- r 1 . The height of high technology 


A dividend of 22p (18p) per 
deferred share will be paid for 
year to September 27 on Janu- 
ary 2. With figures in £000, 
turnover was 8,441 (8,132) cost 
of sales 6^64 ((5.751), admin- 
istration expenses 1,215 (1141 X 
other operating income 443 
(302), share of profits of asso- 
ciated companies 24 (19X in- 
terest payable 210 (263), re- 
dundancy costs 60 (13), pretax 
profit 874 (294), tax 217 (86), 
fearnings per share on a net basis 
130.2p (40.5 p) and nil basis 
126. Op (4£.9p). The board says 
the trend m increased profitabil- 
ity has been maintained during 
the second half and has 
duced one of the best 
profits for several years. 

(HOLDINGS): Mr Michael 
Bell, chief executive, forecasted 
net profits of not less than £1.8 
millioa lor 1986, an increase of 
140 per cent over 1985. The 
board expects to pay a higher 
dividend than the ?-?-5p net 
forecast a year ago. IBC has 
entered into arrangements to 
raise about £4.606,322 net, by 
the issue of 5.059.286 new 
ordinary shares at 95n, which 
have been conditionally placed 
with investment clients of 

More company news 
is on page 23 

CapetCure Myers, but will be 
made available to IBC share- 

sults for the six months to 
September 30. No interim (nil). 
Figures in SOOOs. Pretax loss 
2,437 or £1,718 million (552 
loss). No tax (nil). Loss per share 
72 sen (16 sen). 

GROUP: Mr G Galley, Mr D 
Ayres and Mr B Foster have 
been appointed to the main 
board. Mr G Horton has been 
made anon-executive director. 

bert Dow has been elected vice- 

company has appointed County 
Natwest capital markets as sole 
dealer and arranger for a 
£50,000.000 stalling commer- 
cial paper programme. The 
notes win have maturities of 
se ven to 364 days. 

• TTPHOOK: The company is 

la unching a new subsidiary, 
Tiphook Rail, based at Chelms- 
ford, Essex, which will offer a 
range of integrated services to 
international freight transport 
users. An initial investment of 
£6 million is being matte in new 
w agons. 

For the six months to Septem- 
ber 30. an interim dividend of 
Ip (0.7Sp) will be paid on 
February 2. With figures in 
£000: turnover 14,884 (6.8L6X 
pretax profit 2^218 (1.105), tax 
798 (465), earnings per share 
(weighted average) &5p (4.1p 
restated). Shareirec and 
Scienco Western were acquired 
fin: £2^233.000. (implex was 
conditionally acquired for 
S3.800.000 (£2.666,000). The 
company is making a one for 
four placing and open offer of 
5.892.610 new o rdi na ry shares 
at 225p to raise £125 million 

Surprise change in the new Times 1000 

Japanese overtake US 
groups in world 
top 50 for first time 

By Graham Searjeant 
Financial Editor 

The combination of the 
break in oil prices at the end of 
1985 and the sharp fell of foe 
dollar has created the biggest 
upsets in foe league tables of 
foe worid’s top companies for 
many years. 

Exxon, for long seen as the 
world's biggest company, bas 
sunk to fifth in the ratings in 
today’s new edition of The 
Times 1000 ,. foe bUrie of 
British and international com- 
pany comparisons, which 
ranks industrial groupings 
according to their sales. 
Mobil foe second-biggest US 
oil company, has sunk from 
seventh to 10th place. 

Oil still leads, however, in 
foe shape of the long-time 
runner-up Royal Dutch/SheD 
Group. This is 60 per cent 
■owned by Royal Dutch Petro- 
leum. and 40 per cent by 
Britain's Shell Transport and 
Trading, itself the biggest UK 
company after British Petro- 
leum. BP is nearly four times 
foe size of the third-placed 
British .company, the tobacco 
and retailing group BAT 

Most of foe room at foe top 
vacated by oil, however, has 
been filled by Japanese com- 
nies, partly reflecting the 
rise of foe yen against most 
other currencies. In The 
Times 1000 rankings, these 
are converted at mid-year 

For the first time ever, more 
Japanese groups than Ameri- 
can feature among foe world's 
top 50 industrial 
The American entry has i 
from 23 in the 1985-86 listings 
to 16, while Japan's represent- 
ation has grown from 13 to 1 8. 
The Times world table 
uniquely demonstrates the 
power of the loose-knit Japa- 
nese Shogo Shoshas or trading 
groups which account for five 
of the top IQ, by bringing their 
service and mam 
parts together. 

American companies are 
still foe giants or manufac- 
turing. General Motors stand 
at number four, Ford at 11, 
and IBM at 13, while the 
nearest non-American rival is 
Toyota Motor, placed at 16. 

Germany now has six firms 
in the Lop 50, up from four last 
time, bat Britain's representa- 
tion has shrunk. Apart from 
Shell and the other Ango-- 
Dutch group, Unilever, which 
ranks 30, the UK-reties on 
British Petroleum. BAT drop- 
ped from the list after a year of 
divestment of some of its 
retail interests. 

Japan also dominates a 
special list of the world’s top 
25 banks with seven of the top 


Rank year) 









General Motors 
C. Itoh 

British Petroleum 

H’quwter* (Eba) 
UK/N ‘tends 73.1 

62 £ 











Tap Ten UK Industrial Companies 


Rank yen) Company 

1 (1) British Petroleum 

2 (2) Shed Transport & Trading 

3 (3) BAT Industries 

4 (4) LCL 

5 (B) Esso UK 

6 (6l Electricity Cound 

7 (S) Shell UK 

8 (9) British Telecom * 

9 (13) S&WBerisfbrd 

10 (10) British Gas 

Best UK Return on Capital Employed 

(Rank by 

Rank satea) Company 










Mercanffle House Hdgs 
Keen 6 Scott Kdgs 
National Magazine 
Boase Massunl Poffitt 
International Thomson Org. 
Virgin Group 
Charles Barker 
Esso UK 












10, headed by Dai-Icfai 
Kangyo, Citicorp of foe US is 
the top non-Japanese bank 
rated fourth by total assets. 
National Westminster at 15 is 
the leading UK represent- 

There have been no such 
significant changes at the top 
of the UK's 1,000 hugest 
companies. The apparent rise 
ofEsso UK, which also figures 
among foe most profitable in 
terms of capital employed, is 
flattered by an earlier account- 
ing date, most others being for 
the calendar year 1985 or 
wars ending during 1985. 
S & W Beresford, which owns 
British Sugar, scores in terms 
of sales through its commod- 
ity-dealing businesses. 

Among foe biggest com- 
panies, gamers include the 
retailer Tesco, up from 33 to 
24, and Dee Corporation, 
which has jumped from 75 to 
37. Hanson Trust, _ trans- 
formed again since its last 
count, rose from 39 to 30, but, 
as the table of market values 
shows, sales are by no means 
the only guide to size and 

The overall 1,000 list ranges 
from BP, with sales of £47 bil- 
lion, down to the new entrant 

UK Top Tan Stock Marini VUoes* 






British Telecom 



British Petrateum 



Shefl Transport 









BAT Industries 






Marks & Spencer 






Hanson Trust 



Fint Leisure Corporation, 
which is 1,000th the size with 
sales of £47 million. 

But foe small companies, 
especially in service 1 in- 
dustries, have a greater chance 
to shine in terms of returns on 
capital. Here, foe City Big 
Bang participant, Mercantile 
House, is followed by foe 
home improvements group 
Kean & Scott, and there are 
two advertising agencies In the 
top 10. The repeat entry ofM f 
Richard Branson’s. Virgin 
group helps to explain its 
popularity with investors. T 

The Times 1000 198&87 is 
published at £20 by Times 
Books, 16 Golden Square, 
London W1R 4BN, and is 
available from bookshops. . 

ECGD results set to reflect 
export perils in a debt crisis 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

The Export Credits Guar- 
antee Department will today 
announce results that cannot 
help but highlight the perils 
faced by companies selling 

By the very nature of its 
business, the more effective 
and valuable foe ECGD ser- 
vice is to British industry, foe 
greater foe sums it must pay 
to meet claims. This 
morning’s figures are likely to 
show payouts at record levels. 

ECGD insurance, which 
Covers companies against the . 
possibility of non-payment fin- 
exports, is very useful in times 
of debt crisis and when plung- 
ing oil prices have created 
chronic foreign exchange 
shortages for some countries. 

When Mr Jack GUI, chief 
executive, announces the re- 
sults, it will be difficult for 
him not to paint a gloomy 
picture of the world in which 
foe ECGD operates. 

In 1984-85, the ECGD paid 
out a record £849 million in 
claims, some £522 million 
more than its income. Today’s 
figures for foe year to the end 
of March 1986 are likely to 
show another large cash out- 

flow and a further big increase 
in the amount the department 
must borrow from the Ex- 
chequer’s Consolidated Fund 
to finance the payouts. • 

Mr Gill has given warning 
that this debt, which stood at 
£400 million in March 1985, 
wfll probably have doubled 
over the year. By the end of 
the decade, he expects it to 
peak as high as £3 billion. 

Poland, Nigeria and Brazil 
mil have been the main drains 
on finance last year. Since 
martial law was imposed, 
ECGD cover has not been, 
available for trade with Po- 
land but foe level of debt from 
earlier years — a staggering 
£584 milli on in March 1985 — 
is a problem that will be with 
ECGD for many years. 

"For Nigeria, the halving in 
the-ofl price has meant it is 
unable to meet its short-term 
trade debts, estimated at up fo 
$7 billion (£5 billion) world- 
wide. Tbe ECGD has insured 
at least £400 million of Ni- 
gerian short-term debts and by 
January had paid out £250 
milli on to British companies 
which had not been pad for 
exports. Last month Nigeria 

felled to meet its payments on 
the promissory notes issued to 
cover trade debts to uninsured 

The wider repercussions of 
foe oil price collapse will filter 
through this year and next. 
Four oil-producing countries, 
including Nigeria, Mexico and 
Brazil, had sovereign debts to 
ECGD at foe end of 1985 of 
more than £600 million but 

additional ddrtso&BOrethan£2 

billion were expected by 199l : . 

The irony is that the tiffin 
cult world environment has 
hit the ECGD when it claims 
to have turned the comer. The 
1984-85 trading figures, which 
treat it as an insurance com- 
pany rather than only consid- 
ering cash flow, showed a 
surplus of £83 million, com- 
pared with foe previous year’s 
deficit of £148 million. 

But these figures are es- 
timates which - assume that 
much of the sovereign debt 
will eventually be paid. It is 
only many years later that a 
year's accounts can be closed 
and final figures published. 

As foe Public Accounts 
Committee put it, the ECGD 
is a victim of world events and 
feces “massive uncertainties". 

Standard Bank 
second to go 
local in Kenya 

Nairobi (Reuter) — Stan- 
dard Chartered Bank Africa, a 
British bank operating in Ke- 
nya, will be incorporated lo- 
cally next year, according to 
Mr James Heaton, senior 
executive director. 

The bank, which has op- 
erated in Kenya since 1911, 
will become the second British 
bank to do so after Barclays 
Bank, which was incorporated 
locally last April 
The Kenyan government 
has published a bill to be 
tabled ■ in parliament soon 
which seeks to transfer prop- 
erty and business of Standard 
Chartered Bank Africa to a 
new local bank — Standard 
Chartered Bank Kenya Lim- 
ited on January 1 or later. 

Mr Heaton said the new 
bank would be wholly owned 
by the British parent bank and' 
declined to speculate on 
whether ft would eventually 
go public. 




NYoflc 14240-1.4310 
Montreal 1.9722-1 4798 


Cptaan 10.8255-1.8561 
OuKn 1.0495-1.0569 
Lisbon 211-25-212.64 

Madrid 192.78-193.70 

Milan 1981 .33-1961 SO 

Paris 8J376M^ 
SOd*n 948504.9101 
Tokyo 22983031.72 
Vienna 20.1800-202558 
Zurich £3736-2^860 



1.97 63-1 JJ7S8 











0.44-0 -34prom 

1 %- 1 %prem 

3 month* 







211-1 ttprvn 



6 It -Ski pram . 

Staffing Max compand Mk 1B7S t 

i pram ■ 

n^ atSaa(aay^MngaB8J4HMl. 

Argentina austral* 
Australia doKar _ 
Bahrain Oner — 
BraH cruzado * — 
Cyprus pound™ 

Fnana mark* 

Greaos drachma _ 
Hong Kong dollar . 

India ruow 


KimitanarKO — 
Ma la ya n do fta r — 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dotter 
Sa«& Arabia rtyat 
Mrtdofar — 
„__.AMcar*nd — 
UAEdkham ... 

“Lloyds Ban* 

UB44-1.6314 Ireland 

. 2211322146 
■ 05345-053851 


11 ■ »» Jm — 

Australia ■ 

■S-29K-S92 Canada 

, 7.0075-7, 047S 

■ 1-3535 
. 3192& 
. 06456 


19535-19765 Norway 

11.1W11.1484 Danmok 

1050-1070 West Germany 

iswuSiS ^ Z8rt ^ 

- 0A1( ^ rm™, 

. 37300-3.7400 France 
. 11800-12300 

. 5030003700 _ 

- 3.131M.135T Hongkong 
■ 31674^1838 Portugal 
>620906^480 Spefiv 

. 1.9 




— . 7.7991 


RsatstoppSed fay Barcfaiya Sank HOFEt and Extol. 

— 74.1 


cIjsm review ) 

Kough and ready old ways 
gave public a better deal 

HxcfaauEfi’s nm vnmi hmw > .l - . ■ .• ■ < _ • . . ... 




'Os^ ” 

' j. ' 

-*2S? " 

: ii 



Exchange’s new 
!J2? °“ share placings - the 

SmUH Which 111051 USM 
JJJJi*™* 1 Mme to market - 

ian?P ™ Practitioners 

rathe market this week. 
S *P-«S Bang days, the 
SSL ^change had a rule 
broker had 

J* er ceni of the 
etjuity wuh the market. 

This ensured that shares 
were available to the public at 
the placing price and not just 

E**®? * the broker. It 
helped also to create a better 
ranrket in the shares. 

In practice, the system was 
rough and ready. Brokers had 
to apply to jobbers for stocks 

flnn >« nmiv j ire- 

^^.hrakere, and this bene- option is that the single co- and the companies were re- 
“t^jhqutdity. distributor can only offs- eq- stricted in the amount of 

Post-Big Bang rales, im- uity to institutions or its money they could raise, 
posed at short notice, appear private clients. To avoid this the sponsor- 

to have made everyone Institutions are well served ing broker could allocate stock 

unhappy. by sponsoring brokers and, to his clients and persuade a 

Under the new rules, 25 per given the small number of co-distributor to take nominal 
cent of the equity must be fond managers interested in responsibility for the distribu- 
made available to the public, these issues, stock might be tion. In either case, stock does 
rather by direct application to offered to the same people. not reach as many people as 
the sponsoring broker or If a co-distributor offers the old system permitted, 

through an independent stock to his is A oidmed solution is to 

Th?‘fina only avmlabte to a sdat reinstate ^ fonnef ***** 

Ihe firet option - using a number of people and it might ^d offer 25 per cent of the 

sponsoring broker - means 25- breach the ruks on the inrimmrfmT 


Little hope 
of a big 
enough cut 
in imports 

made available to the public, 
rather by direct application to 
the sponsoring broker or 
through an independent 

The firsi option — using a 
sponsoring broker - means 25. 

WftVi — lliwiilil UiUtUi UIC KUm Ull LUC 

per cent of even small placings amount of stock in a new issue 
must be offered for sit This which can be piacpd with 

could be a costly venture for a 
small placing. It would require 

tHo n d ■ n! m ■ ■ i* ? 

discretionary clients. 
Sponsoring _ brokers are 

and it'was' dfficLhT wfaose ^ 

impossible, for a member of dl ® cuIt 10 flwnnfy, 

the public to buy stocks. *** togher advertising costs. 

u namj „ , Because the amount < 

manS W ^L r n. 8lVen ***** stock available would be Kn 

**« PoMc would recerv 
Thl rt system, either derisory amounts c 

maintained a stock or none at alL Truly. 

sk ^ ehammer to crack a nut 
oy spreading the stocks among A disadvantage of the otbe 

tion. In either case, stock does 
not reach as many people as 
the old system permitted. 

A preferred solution is to 
reinstate the former system 
and offer 25 per cent of the 
equity to several independent 
market-makers, or alter- 
natively. to several co- 

This latter option un- 

„ "WMU i mu ufc 0 |AJUH»U 1 £ UlU&Cia OJC TW I u ^ 

the ad m i n istrative services of adopting various types to . Thts^, lafler option un- 
a receiving banker, whose fees bypass the new rules. doubtedly could prove more 

bypass the new rules. 

In two recent issues. Quarto 
Books and Bilston and Batter- 

Because the amount of sea Enamels, the sponsors 
stock available would be Km* kept the f it * 1 * of the placing to 

if AT? rtvp rWtHlin niiuiU « .L._ M -■« -r, “ 

ited, the public would receive less than £2 million. This 
rather derisory amounts of allowed the entire to be 

Stock nr none at nil a nl.^1 mill. .Km.,. 

stock or none at alL Truly, a 
sledgehammer to crack a nut- 

placed with their clients. 
Market-makers complained 

rmu* ii ■■ n ■ 


A disadva n ta ge of the other that thi s was killing turnover 

expensive to organize. How- 
ever, the issue would become 
an interesting test case of bow 
the Stock Exchange responds 
to its members. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
small companies’ unit at 
Phillips & Drew 


June 30. Income was £64,208 
(£164,400), expenditure was 
£26,500 (£36.483). net income 
was £37,708 (£127,917) and 
«iming s per share were 9. Ip 

company has agreed to acquire 
Integrated Holdings for approxi- 
mately £213,000, which will be 
satisfied by the issue of 104,926 
Evered ordinary shares, folly 

ures in Ii£ millions for ax 
months to September 3(X In- 
terim dividend was 3.25p 
(125p), profit before tax was 
39.3 (43). Earnings per share 
we re 17.9 p(18-9p). _ 

Record results were achieved in 
gold sales, and ore output. In its 
quarterly report to September, 
the company said gold sales, at 
3,042 ounces, were nearly 15 per 
cent higher than tire previous 

record quarter. 

Figures in £000: Interim divi- 
dend was 6p (5.5pX Turnover 
was 94.057 (80,795) for the half 

year to September 27. Pretax 
profit was 4J84 (3,272), tax was 
877 (785X minority interests 
debt was 89 (nil). Earning per 
share were 20L6p ( 1 5.2pX 

• W A TYZACK: Agreement in 
principle has been readied with 
Choriey Securities for the pur- 
chase of A R Heathcote. 

die interim six months to June 
30. with figures in £000, a pretax 
profit of 234 (294) was recorded 
on iuroover of 5 19 (62 4). Ea rn- 
ings per share after extraor- 
dinary items were 0.78p (0.86p) 

• WELPAC: In the half year to 
July 31 (with figures in £000) 
turnover was 2^85 ( 2 . 778 ). 
profit before lax 173 (128). tax 
63 (58), profit after tax and 
extramdinary items 110 (70X 
earnings per share 0_59p (0.38p). 
The dividend will reflect the 
outcome of the foil year's 


der to simplify the capital 
structure of its subsidiary, Ekon 
and Robbies, Hartons Group 
has made an £80.000 cash ofier. 

through its subsidiaiy, Hartons 
Estates, of 80p per dare for all 
the issued 4.7% cumulative 
preference shares of Elson and 
Robbins. Hartons Group owns 
all the ordinary shares of Elstm 
and Robbins and 6,915 pref- 
erence shares (6.9%). 

The company has entered into a 
conditional agreement to ac- 
quire Halle Models (Holdings), 
a clothing manufoctmer operat- 
ing three factories and its 
subsidiaries. The consideration 
is £3.45 million, of which £13 
million is to be satisfied by cash, 
the balance to be satisfied by the 

issue to certain of tbe vendors of 
841490 sew ordinary shares of 
Debfor. On com pterion of the 
acquisition the board expects 
the combined turnover to ex- 
ceed £20million. 

half year to September 30 total 
investment income was £229,- 
0S3 (£246.020), total income 
£241138 (£304,543). Interest 
payable on convertible loan 
stock was £131.250 (£136^40) 
and profit before tax £50,417 
(£108.207). Profit after tax was 
£35,417 (£69,207) and earnings 
per share were 0 l51d (0.99p). 
Net asset value - after deduc- 
tion of convertible loan stock at 
nominal value — was 79.87p 
(77.75p), and after conversion 
of convertible loan stock and 
exercise of warrants was 89.41 p 

• SW WOOD: A substantial 
part of the Wellingborough, 
Northamptonshire, site has 
been sold, together with the 
business and assets of a group 
subsidiary, Min wood Metals, 
for a total of £675,000. The 
proceeds will be osed to repay 
tbe group’s bank loan and 
reduce the bank overdraft. 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The American consumer is 
showing no signs of wan tin g 
during the founh quarter. :o 
provide the sort of support for 
economic expansion lhai was 
forthcoming in tbe second and 
third quanets of this year. 

The reconi decline in reta il 
sales in October was expected, 
once the grim October car 
sales figures were known. 
During the September quar- 
ter. domestic car sales reached 
an annual selling rate of 9.5 
million as a result of extreme 

sales incentives, ted by the 
beieagured General Motors. 
But in October the average 
selling rate fell to 6.3 million, 
following 2 boom month rate 
1 of 1 1.5 million in September. 

There is always a reaction 
. from incentive-induced car 
: sales. But this time, the re- 
action is likely to be a pro- 
longed one. Usually reliable 
industry analysis with whom I 
have discussed the problem 
estimate it will be January 
1987 before the domestic auto 
sales rale returns to 8 million, 
the trend number. 

In the meantime, they es- 
timate founh quarter car sales 
may not average the 6_25 mil- 
lion annual rate — the number 
realized for October. 

Consequently, total retail 
sales during the fourth quar- 
ter, on a seasonally adjusted 
basis, may not exceed those of 
the third quarter by any 
economically significant mar- 
gin, thus removing a major 
source of support for GNP 

Many analysis believe the 
American trade deficit will 
narrow during the fourth 
quarter, but that remains to be 
seen. Certainly, tbe trade fig- 
ures, when viewed in the light 
of a time frame of six to nine 
months, indicate little pros- 
pect of the sort of dramatic foil 
in US imports that would be 
needed to make any signifi- 
cant impact in promoting 
stronger economic growth. 


A-*; .r ’ * .t 

. •. '• ’ l/W. 

W TV • ,’r*' 


J \ 

Kikhl Miyazawa: 


The prospects for narrowing 
the deficit have been reduced 
following the success which 
the Germans, the Japanese 
and the Swiss have had in , 
halting the appreciation of 
their currencies against the 

The Japanese have been 
particularly forceful in this 
regard. After the yen rose 
above 62 last Wednesday 
following the December fu- 
tures contract, they sprat the 
next two days dragging it back 
down in a stark example of the 
“agreement” between Mr 
Kiichi Miyazawa, tbe Japa- 
nese Finance Minister and Mr 
James Baker, the US Treasury 

The Japanese and the Ger- 
mans are clearly determined 
that the devaluation of the 
dollar against their currencies 
must stop and are showing the 
determination with which 
they are enforcing this. 

In effect, the United States 
is being told by the Japanese 
and the Germans that it must 
share more of the pain gen- 
erated by tbe process of raising 
the value of the marie and the 
yen to levels more commensu- 
rate with tbe trading successes 
of West Germany and Japan. 

The Federal Reserve and 
the US Treasury have ac- 
quiesced in this, but it remains 
to be seen whether Congress 
will prove as pliable to the 
pressures from Germany and 
Japan. Certainly, President 
Reagan has indicated he mil 
veto any excessively protec- 
tionist bills emerging from the 

Mr Reagan's power is foil- 
ing and the pressure from US 
producers against imports and 
in favour of trading import 
concessions for export access 
is moun ting 


Weak links in twin 
vision of the future 

After so much introspection about the menL The Japanese n 
faults of Britain’s industrial past* the panies to invest nw^J 
CBI's initiative in collecting a group principally as a way , 
of young managers to look forward to surpluses to make teCDnn™ 
the year 2010 was long overdue. The fers to developing countnes-f 
very notion of a committee looking a also favour inward on 
generation ahead is, in one sense, a particularly in service secw - 
fraud. How many could have imag- Japan itsetflags. . . 

ined in 1910 what Britain, let alone • Pay should reflect 
the world, would have been like in company performance 
1 935? Who then would have predicted seniority (as in Japan) or tne 
the changes by 1960 and, if anyone pay round (as in Britain), 
had, what chance would they h^ve Some of these proposals rn 
had of convincing a co mmi ttee? prejudices of the sort of peop 
The purpose of such exercises is are invited to join advrsory c 
really to look at today’s trends and tees. But it is quite detf tna 
problems in a common context and will act on these lines anatnat 
suggest solutions and plans that mesh had better see them as urgent 
in with each other. The interim report action if we are to . mai nt ain, k 
of the CBFs Vision 2010 team, exudes improve, our relative perform 
a desire for change within a context of J ust as revealing, however. 

r com- 
! trade 

it they 

OUUiC Ul uitas. JJ. * _J 

prejudices of the sort of peopf who 
are invited to join advisory OTpmui- 
tees. Bui it is quite dear tnatjapan 
will act on these lines and that Sotain 
had better see them as urgent Ails to 
action if we are to mai ntain, I rtBalone 
improve, our relative penonnasce- 
Just as revealing, however, aft tne 

stability, togetherness and dissolving differences in thinkin g. Some ajfc ^due 
barriers whichjhowever desirable, has to the two countries’ different sarong 
more of the quality of a vision than points. Others are just examples, pi the 



The vision can be put in some The Japanese, m 
perspective by comparing it with that era sailing 
deliberations of another imagjneering developing couni 
committee in Japan. The object was light industrial m 
for a group of mainly Japanese attempts to hang 
academics and non-Japanese motive for protec 
businessmen to advise tbe Ministry of jhe Japanese, 
International Trade and Industry on the West's repui 
how to develop the role of Japan in developments,^! 
the global community, so as to help raore pure and pi 
preserve the free economic system research, turning 
that has served Japan so well. national’ centre. ’ 

MITTs brief was to cope with the emulate Japan’s s 1 
international tensions brought by ing on more c 
Japan’s success. The CB1 team's brief research. Perhapi 
was to avoid repeating the failures of their strengths, 
the past and achieve better industrial More disturb!] 
performance. It therefore emphasizes inconsistencies tt 
confidence and the need for change, yearning for stab 
But. inter alia, the two cover much of f or change and fl 
the same ground. people will work. 

If consensus is a commendation for evidently admire 
ideas, the following stand out: of management a 

• The information-technology adapt its best fe 
revolution is not a one-off conversion, employees raor 
It has, like the steam engine, raised the 
pace of technical change for a genera- tx % • 

tion, creating a need for more flexible IvC V 63Jlllg 

small-batch production systems, a — : — 

better-educated more innovative information and c 
workforce and more creative, individ- By introducing c 
ualistic management. Growth will employment and 
come in new products, knowledge s > ,stem of perks, 
intensive products, more differen- wanl f° reduce tc 
tinted than mass-produced, with more organization man 
of their value in design and more own systom. Aj 
attention to fashion. The British “aim essence of it migb 

points. Others are just examples*pfthe 
grass being greener on the otherjside. 

The British, wishing to be uRBeau 
still see a domestic industry capable of 
vMing in virtually any product or 

:et if only it tries hard enough. 

The Japanese, more realistically, see 
that era Railing into the sunset -as 
developing countries seize food and 
light industrial markets. And they fear 
attempts to hang on to the pastas a 
motive for protectionism. 

The Japanese, seeking to emulate 
the West’s reputation for scientific 
developments, want to promote much 
more pure and public sector scientific 
research, turning Japan into an inter- 
national centre. The British want to 
emulate Japan’s success in concentrat- 
ing on more commercial applied 
research. Perhaps both should Back 
their strengths. 

More disturbing are the evident 
inconsistencies that emerge from the 
yearning for stability and the desire 
for change and flexibility in the way 
people will work. The CBI visionaries 
evidently admire the Japanese system 
of management and want to adopt or 
adapt its best features by involving 
employees more in ownership, 

information and day-to-day decisions, 
by introducing equal conditions of 
employment and ending the status 
system of perks. While the Japanese 
want to reduce the dominance of the 
organization man, they too value their 
own system. And they think the 
essence of it might be a helpful export 

to lead the world iwthe production of through the ir d irect investment 
a range of knowledge-intensive goods A® the Mi l l report notes, however, 
and services^ In higb-technology “capital markets which operate on the 
industries, the Jaoanese note “who- principle that ownership of the firm 

a range of knowledge-intensive goods 
and services”: In higb-technology 
industries, the Japanese note “who- 
ever pioneers production will have a 
decisive influence on future patterns 
of trade” with others finding it hard to 
catch up. 


• The education system is looking 
to the past rather than the future and 
needs reform. In Britain’s case this 
means making it more responsive to 
market forces, business needs and 
technology. In Japan, where the basics 
are taken for granted, it should be 
more outward-looking. In both coun- 
tries, education should place more 
stress on thinking and analysis than 
role learning. 

• Foreign language education, in 
particular, needs improving. The 
Vision team wants everyone to come 
out of school with practical knowledge 
of another trading language. For 
industry must use local languages to 
sell exports and think internationally 
i n pro duct design and marketing. The 
MITI team wants the Japanese to 
learn more Asian languages and to 
help more foreigners to learn Japa- 
nese. But it puts most stress on 
improving English tuition. It even 
proposes that burgeoning Japanese 
multinationals will have to use Eng- 
lish as their international company 
language • Governments should in- 
vest more in wiring up their countries 
for advanced communications and 
information technology. The CBI 
team wants Britain to develop a 
broad-band communications net- 
work. The MITI team sees investment 

rests with the stockholders and labour 
markets in which labour mobility is 
high and wages the key determinant of 
labour movements may not be condu- 
cive to employee-centred firms or 
diversified sharing”. 

But that is not the only problem. 
The Japanese see their postwar system 
of lifetime employment breaking 
down, with a return to prewar 
insecurity for all but core employees, 
as labour mobility and individualism 
take over. They accept that this may 
mean workers will not work so well. 

Likewise, the CBI report favours 
more flexible use of labour, including 
part-time work, sub-contracting and 
self-employment, greater mobility 
and higher wages and notes that 
conditions of employment such as 
pension and sick pay schemes will 
have to go. One danger, they note, is 
that “it will be more difficult to ensure 
that employees feel committed to and 
be involved in the enterprise for 
which they work.” 

Having identified the problem, 
both groups walk smartly on. Yet, 
however desirable or inevitable this 
trend may be, it opens up the 
frightening prospect of an industrial 
caste system split between dynamic 
core company men and wandering 
labour. It is a formula for industrial 
success but also for social division 
when things go wrong. In a fast- 
changing world with shifting labour 
and shifting patterns of trade, it may 
well be idle to rely on “a political 
context which fosters continuity of 
policy ...stability and confidence”, 
which the Vision team sees as central 

in such hardware partly as a way of to all its other aims. It may be equally 

E--ronlYU.\>l> l Miihi 1 1 1 i M i 1 1 M i i M h i U l ’ -K M \ 1 IIM f »» r '■ TYm M f. 

notes that “Japan’s laying of the 
groundwork for the creation of an 
information-based society may itself 
be considered a contribution to world 

• International direct investment and 
not just portfolio capital movements 
should be encouraged. The British 
want to nab passing inward in vest- 

international framework based on co- 
ordination of monetary and fiscal 
policies. Instability is an experience of 
the past that may safely be projected 
into the future. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 





Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on November 10. Dealings end on Friday. §Coniango day next Monday. Settlement day December 1. 

§Fonvard bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

When stocks have only one pile® quoted, these am middfe prices taken daily at 5pm. YieW, change and P/E am catotfaM on the rakfdto price 

© Tf *e,Hewtp*txnUsiaad 



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City looks for a Tory return 
to dispel the autumn gloom 

! flilfc ■*“ 

The silts market clearly gave 
Hj e *5*5®n statement ibe 
thumbs-down last week, with 
jhe December long gifts fi*_ 
hire at one stage dropping by 
jjlfw than four points 


the level achieved »t, a §** Govt ExpendUm 

9*5JSESS I2S32S2L 

Gen Govt 

PuMc Corps Met 
Tax Cuts 


1986 Autumn Oakham 
SttKDMt Feme 



















this an over-reaction? 56 ^ ^ 

™* P^y depends on 

QancSilofsDnmSS^* S 6 ~ ■■■■■' " ** tors now have precious little 

new i iSS'St confidence in the underlying 

89 — such a figure might 
eventually be .recognized as 
something . of an 

Overall, then, the gbs 
market may wefi have over- 
reacted to the autumn state* 
ment but its nervous con- 
dition at the beginning of last 

week tells os that final inves- 

new policy involves adding 
not a penny piece” “ 
PSBR next y4r 

•akiwes of unpaeaslwl Thasq ■tomeNc. 

to *** forecast for 1987, is that the 
official estimate for revenue 

If m . r- A „ *»«“•«* csumaic mr revenue 

atklitfrmri £ 1 habon of n«t year is some £3 billion 
additional general govern- above the level expected at 

went spending announced 
for 1987-88 will simply dis- 
tnx reductions which 
would otherwise have occ- 
urred, leaving the Gov- 
ernment’s funding reouire- 
ment unchanged. 

Although (other things be- 
ing equal) the gihs market 
would in general prefer tax 
cuts to extra public spending, 
it can see the sense at present 
m refraining from giving a 
further boos to the consumer 
boom through tax reductions. 

the time of the last Budget 
Compared with the 1986 
Budget plans (see table), the 

Treasury may therefore now 
expect about £3 tn&ion of 
extra revenue, bat it Ins 
conceded (so far) about £4 
billion of extra spending. 
This means that, on its 
probable arithmetic, about 
tax cuts originally intended 
for next year has also been 
absorbed by the rise in spend- 
ing, theoretically leaving a 

The simple substitution of farther £1 billion of scope for 
extra spending for tax cuts, 1331 redactions within a £7 
within unchanged borrowing UUion PSBR target. 

limits, should not, therefore, 
cause long-term problems for 

But the problem is that the 
market is very sceptical about 
the Chancellor’s w illingness 

On the r«, mn ~ and /or ability to stick to the 


fi^n^AUhough £ g£: to 

cat has been 

eminent has not published 
full details of its revenue 
estimates for the next year, it 


the bag, it wifi be even 

ancy of VAT and corporation 
tax will more than com- 

pensate for the feet that 03 
revenues have fallen even 
further than expected at Bud- 
get time. 

A reasonable guess, based 
on the Treasury's economic 

On last year's experience, 
the £3.5 bulioa contingency 
reserve left for 1987-88 looks 
about £2 billion .short of 
requirements. It is certainly 
true that the base line for 
local authority and social 
security spending appears 

more realistic than before, 
and therefore that future calls 
on the reserve army be re- 
duced, but this is offset by the 
irion that pressures on 
ic sector pay will prove 
greater in the election ron-np 
than in previous years. Hence 
a central forecast ought be 
that spending will overshoot 
even the increased autumn 
statement levels by about £2 

The Goldman Sadis fore- 
casts shown in the table 
therefore assume that govern- 
ment spending next year will 
actually exceed the 1986 Bud- 
get targets ter £6 billion, 
instead of the £4 billion buflt 
into the autumn statement 

Fu rt h er m ore, instead of 
restricting, hhnsrff to £1 bil- 
lion of tax cuts in the Budget, 
we assume that Mr Lawson 
win stretch the limits of fiscal 
prudence, and go for £1.3 
bflfibn to £2 billion. With a £2 
billion spending excess and 
tax cuts between £500 million 
and £1 billion, this would 
leave the PSBR next year at 
£9:3 billion to £10 bOhon, 
some £23 billion to £3 billion 
above target. Even this, how- 
ever; would repr esent less 
than 2^5 per cent of GDP and 
— talcing into consideration 
that ofl revenues will have 
dropped by about £8 billion 
between 1985-86 and 1987- 

economic situation and have 
been more than usually reluc- 
tant to buy into dips. 

The main concerns dearly 
still revolve around sterling 
and the balance of payments. 
No one in the market has 
been convinced fay. the Trea- 
sury forecast of a current 
account defied off I bfiOon in 
1 987 - only a little more than 
the level recorded in tire third 
quarter of this year alone — 
and the Chancellor’s recent 
remarks about stabilizing 
sterling have traded to in- 
crease nervousness about 
shon-term interest rates. 

There is no doubt that the 
market could again come 
very badly unstuck if the next 
set of balance of payments 
figures (mi November 25) 
prove freakishly bad, or If the 
fragile Opec quota deal falls 

Yet, barring these two 
eventualities, there is a more 
positive case to be made for 
gihs which has been over- 
looked in the gloom gen- 
erated by the reaction of 
several City economists to 
the autumn statement. Yields 
have not responded at all to 
the definite change in politi- 
cal conditions 'which has 
occurred since late 

Over this period, a 3 per 
cent to 5 per cent opinion poll 
lead for Labour has been 

transformed into a 2 per cent 
to 4 per cent Conservative 
lead, yet g3t yields have 
simultaneously risen by 
about 20 basis points. 

Clearly, the market has 
been registering its dis- 
approval and concerns about 
the strategy being pursued by 
the present Government, but 
is it possible to justify 1 ! per 
cent to 1 1.5 per cent yields on 
the assumption of a re-elected 
Conservative Government, 
with EMS membership after 
the election a very strong 
probability? I would seriously 
doubt iL 

The key feature of the 
autumn statement which has 
been overlooked so far is that 
its political astuteness has 
further increased the likeli- 
hood that Britain win be in 
the EMS within nine to 12 
months, and that a returned 
Thatcher Government will 
by then be damping down, in 
one way or another, on the 
long-term inflation rate. 

Where does this leave us? 
Existing yields seem to dis- 
count Armageddon — or, if 
not quite that, then a long- 
term inflation rate of about 6 
per cent to 7 per cent Since 
this seems somewhat higher 
than the inflation rate which 
is likely to be reached even at 
the peak of the next inflation 
cyde, today’s conventional 
yields probably represent a 
buying opportunity for long- 
term investors. 

It is true that sterling and 
the current account might 
spell further problems at 
some stage this winter, but it 
would not be wise to be out of 
this market when it gets a 
convincing whiff of a Tory 
election victory. 

Gavyn Davies 

The author is chief UK 
economist at Goldman Sachs. 



Clearing Benksll • 
Finance House 11 

Discount Make! Iowa % 
: 11 Low 9% 


7 days 

Treeray BBS (Discount %) 

2mn$ 10* irmXlWr - 

3rnnth 10"ia Omntfi 10**»* 

Prime Bank BMs (Dfecount%) . 

1 mnth lOX-KFSa 2mrth lW-lO=»c 
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1 ninth 11 * 2 mnHl 11 0 w . 

3natth !1"» 6 mnth 11"» 

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imnth l 0 «m-lDUwBmnth 11 s *- 11 »t»- . 
3mntti 11*«11>»s 12ratt» TPv-ms . 

Local Authority Depoeile (%} 

2 days 10* 7 days 10* 

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imnth ex-8 
cal 254-1* 

1 ninth S’w-Z^ts 
cal 4X-3K 
imnth 4%-4% 

0 mnth 4*4% 


GottS40ft2S40BJb- . 
-Kiygcnand* (par coin): ■' . 

S 4%i)040BSO(E284 J0U2B&SQ 
. S96nO-07J»{£57.OO-68nO ) 
PMinun . - 
5 333.00 (£373-40) 
*EadodaaVAT ■ 


1mndfl1*4l% 2imS» 11%-11K 
3 mnth 11%-10% 6mnth.l1%40K 
9 mnth IIK-10% 12 mth 1140* 

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6 mnth 1156-11 12 ruth 11*»^10»i« 


1 mnth &0&&M 3 north &0DA95 

flmnth&aSiSO 12 rath 6.10^05 

:£4S&2M - 1 aWtoEIOOM 
=297548% ‘ « a c at»a<fc99% 

Lastwaek:£97JS% . mcehred: £21% 
Av^i rate: 2106388% tots* 2105680% 
— -:£100U reptace£HMM 


Fixed Rate Stertfag Export Branca 
Scheme W Aveuwe nfwnoa set* ter 
interest period 0, 108 to 

Octaher 31, 1986 tedusme: n^37 per 

National Australia Bank limited 

Notice is hereby given that: 

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of National Anstralia Bank Tifnuted'will be held 
at 36th Floor; 500 Bomke Street, Melbourne, on 
Thnrsd^,Jaiuiary22iid,198iatIt00ajn. ■ 

R A final dividend has been declared by the Baxfic 

and is payable on January 23rd, 1387, to stock- 
holders registered on December 31st, 1986. 
lb partiedpate, transfers of stock on the London 
register must be lodged not later ^ than 5.0flpjn. 

on December 31st, 1986, at IJoyds Bank Limited, 

Goring-by^Sea.Wbrthing, West Sussex. 

RJ. Bander; 


Motional Aus tralia Bank 

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j Name 

| Address 


I - 

_ I 

Ji I 

_ 1 

25' 1 


Eldridge, Pope & Co: Mr 
Simld lagdoa joins the 
board as a! non-executive 
direct or- • 

Milestone Leasing: Mr Bes 
Chesterfield is made finance 
director designate: 

Swan Hunter Shipbuilders: 
Mr Tha Stradwick becomes a 

Viking Polypropylene: Mr 
Desmond South is made 
production director. 

Price Waterhouse: Mr G 
Rnfcte: Parry becomes a part- 
ner. He will be responsible for 
the firm's, management 
consulting work in Scotland. 

Manchem: . Dr Ian 
MacKinnon has been named 
technical director. ■ 

Borax Holdings: Dr Gra- 
haa Lawson becomes tech- 
nical director of Borax 
Holdings and chairman of 
Borax Research. 

Beacon Pubfications; Mr 
Michael Barnes becomes non- 
executive chairman, Mr An- 
thony Parmiter publishing 
director. Mr Nefl MacKenrie 
financial director and com- 
pany secretary, Mr John 
Coweo a non-executive direc- 
tor and Mr Michael Harvey 
new projects consultant. 

Thorn EMI: Mr Donald 
MaeKechnfe is to be director 
of financial analysis and 
controL ;• 

. Alexanders Laing & 
Cmickshank Mergers and Ac- 
quisitions: Mr Christopher 
Podtni has been appomted 
nanagng director. 

Hahna: Mr Ralph Jessop 
the Safety Division 


The Dewplan Group: Mr 
Christopher Smley has beat 
pgmfrd financial director. 

Hercules: Mr Eric Brace 
becomes managing directed, 
Hercules BV rod Mr Jack 

Mr David Wilson 
Garwood managing director, 
Hercules UK. 

Rroma-Rqxila Group: Mr 
Tauno -Motoonld is to be 
managing director aod 

Thomson Directories: Mr 
Michael Mander has become 
anon-executive director. 

Inter Innovation: Mr David 
Bridgfbrd is the new financial 

Cooper Gay (Holdings): Mr 
Derek Cooper becomes dep- 
uty chairman rod Mr Martin 
Shaw a director. Mr Michael 
Joines will be managing direo- 
tor. Cooper Gay & Co. 

The Moss Advertising 

Group: Mr Peter Monkboase 
has been named group 
marketing director. 

Incbcape: Mr Rod 

ODonoghne has joined the 
board as financ e director. 

American Re-Insurance 
Company (UK): Mr Gordon 
Diment becomes director and 
general manager. Mr Timothy 
Foax is to be director of 
operations and Mr Terence R 
Masters a director. 

Tbe Periodicals Training 
Cbunril: Mr Neil Mmphy is 

the new chair man ' 

Norprint International: Mr 
E W Goold has been named 
managing director. 

London European Airways 
Mr Cathal Ryan becomes 
executive chairman. 

Mardon Son & Halt Mr S 
DePaoli has joined the board. 

Ponti’s Group: Mr diaries 
Moms, former Minister of 
State for the Civil Service, has 
become a director rod has 
been elected vicechairman. 

Index International- Mr 
John Thompson is to be 
chairman rod Dr Robert Reck 
managing director. 

British Linen Bank: Mr 
David Wilson becomes direc- 
tor ofbanking at the Manches- 
ter office. 

UGH (Holdings): Mr Rich- 
ard Anthony Greenwood has 
joined the board. 

Arthur Lee & Sons: Mr Jim 
Henderson has been named a 
main board director. 

Eurotunnel: M Alain 
Bertrand is to be operations 

Thomas Meadows: Mr 
Geoff Corpe becomes manag- 
ing director. 

Clarke Construction: Mr J 
A G Clarice is the new 

Millbank Electronics 
Group: Mrs Sue Pedley joins 
the board as manufacturing 

MPs to debate 
vanished £5m 

McDonald Wheeler Fund 
Management, the Canterbury 
investment management firm 
that was compulsorily wound 
up last month, wifi be tbe 
subject of a Commons debate 

DrOonagh McDonald, La- 
bour front-bench Treasury 
and Civil Service spokesman, 
announcing tbe adjournment 
debate, said that four of her 
constituents at Thurrock, Es- 
sex, had lost their life savings 
totalling £100,000. 

The official receiver last 
month said investors lost 
nearly £5 million in Mc- 
Donald Wheeler and stood to 
lose still more. 




ABN —11.00* 

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Otibank Sawngsf 12.45% 

GonsoMated Crts. 

Co-operative Bad. 

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22 Portman Square. London Wl. 

Law Report November 17 1986 

Damages awarded for 
loss of chance 

Hotsan v East Berkshire Area 
Health Authority 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of lhe Rolls. Lord Justice 
Dillon and Lord Justice Croom- 

[Judgment November 14) 

As award of damages, arising 
out of tbe negligent delay in 
diagnosing and treating an ac- 
cidental injury, whjdiM gght to 

per cent loss oPfoe’dtance of 
avoiding consequential long- 
term disability, was upheld by 
the Court of Appeal in dismiss- 
ing the area health authority's 
appeal from an award of 
£1 1.500 damages made by Mr 
Justice Simon Brown on March 
IS. 198S. 

The plaintiff Stephen John 
Hotscm, by bis father aod next 
friend, sued tbe East Berkshire 
Area Health Authority for an 
injury suffered in 1977. 

Mr Adrian Whitfield. QC Mr 
Kieran Cbonan and Mr Andrew 

Grubb for the area health 
authority; Mr Graeme Wil- 
liams, QC and Mr David Ash- 
ton for the plaintiff 

ROLLS said that on April 26. 
1977. the plaintiff then age d 13, 
fell and suffered an acute trau- 
matic fract ure separati on of tbe 
left femoral epiphysis, a very 
serious injury in a child of that 

The major threat created by 
such an injury was that 
avascular necrosis would de- 
velop, causing deformation of 
tbe hip joint with the virtual 
certainty of ensuing osieo- 

The unfortunate plaintiff did 
indeed suffered avascular necro- 
sis with consequential serious 
disabilities, which would be- 
come more serious over the 
years, and which were assessed 
in money terms at the un- 
disputed figure of £46,000. 

Although the plaintiff was 
taken to hospital shortly after 
the accident, his injuries were 
not correctly diagnosed until 
five excruciatingly painful days 
later, when he was given emer- 
gency treatment. 

It was common ground that 
the neglect to diagnose and treat 
the pbmtiffs injury caused him 
avoidable pain and suffering for 
those five days, for which the 
judge awarded tbe very modest 
sum (not appealed against) of 
£150. What was in dispute was 
whether he was entitled to any 
further damages for the long- 
term effects of that defay. 

Tbe judge found that even if 
the defendants bad correctly 
diagnosed and treated tbe plain- 
tiff on April 26, there was a 75 
per cent probability of avascular 
necrosis developing as it did. 

That 75 per cent ride was 
translated try tbe defendants' 
admitted breach of duty into an 
inevitability, thus denying tbe 
platmiffa 25 per cent chance of 
avoiding tong-term disability. 
"Haff avascular necrosis not 
developed, the plaintiff would 

have made a very nearly fuff 

Having reviewed the authori- 
ties, the judge concluded that if 
the plaintiff proved both medi- 
cal negligence and that he had 
thereby (a) lost a substa ntial 
chance of achieving a better 
medical result, or (b) incurred a 
substantial risk of an adverse 
medical result, be was entitled 
to damages. 

The judge awarded the ptem- 
tiff£J 1400. I>«U8 2S percent of 
the foil liability figure of 

The essence of the area health 
authority's argument was that 
the standard of proof in aril 
proceedings was the balance of 
probabilities, which m percent- 
age terms meant over 50 per 
cent. In the instant case, tbe 
plaintiff bad only proved that it 
was 25 per cent likely that flic 
negligence caused the injury, 
and could not therefore estate 
lish or recover damages for any 

That argument had a super- 
ficial attraction, and was un- 
doubtedly based on well settled 
principles of law; see MaUeu. v 
McMonaglt- ([1970! AC 166, 
176), per Lord Dtpfodc, and 
Davies v Tavtor( J19741 AC 207, 
212-213), per Lord Rod. 

As a subsidiary argument, it 
was contended disc even though 
h might be possible to sue in 
contract for the loss of a chance 
(see, for example. Chaplin v 
Hicks ((1911] 2 QB 786)) no 
such daim in ton had ever been 

As a matter of common sense, 
it seemed unjust to his Lordship 
that there should be do liability 
for failure to treat a patient, 
sun ply because tbe chance of a 
successful cure by that treat- 
ment was less than 50 per cent 

Nor, by tbe same token, could 
it be just that if tbe chance of a 
successful cure only marginally 
exceeded 50 per cent, the doctor 
should be liable to the same 
extent as if the treatment could 
have been guaranteed to cure. 

If that was the law of England, 
it was high time that it was 
dianff rf assuming that his 
Lordship's court had power to 
do so. 

Equally, bis Lordship was 
unable to detect any rational 
basis for a state of the law 
whereby in identical circum- 
stances Dr A who treated a 
patient under the National 
Health Service, and whose 
liability therefore fell to be 
determined in accordance with 
the law of tent, should be in a 
different position from Dr B 
who treated a patient outside the 
NHS, and whose liability fell to 
be determined in accordance 
with the law of contract. 

The answer lay in examining 
precisely what the plaintiff had 
to prove. First, he bad to prove a 
duty, which in tbe present case 
had been admitted. There was 
no room in either justice or tew 
for holding a defenda n t liable on 
the basis that he might have 
betel subject to a duty. 

- Second, he had to -prove a 

breads of that duty. That again 
had been admitted but, again, 
there was no room for holding a 
defendant liable on the basis 
that there was a significant 
possibility, not amounting to a 
probability, that he had been in 
bread) of his duty. 

Third, in the case of tort but 
not of contract, the pfeintiffhad 
to prove, on a balance of 
probabilities, some loss or dam- 

The distinction between what 
had to be proved in contract and 
what bad to be proved in tort in 
Older to establish a cause of 
action might be regrettable, bat 
it did not he within the powers 
of his Lordship’s conn to do 
anything about it. 

In the instant ease, the plain- 
tiff had no difficulty in identify- 
ing the loss upon which he 
retied. It had been described as 
both **a substantially increased 
risk oT and ‘The chance of 
avoiding** avascular necrosis. 

Tbe farter description, with its 

reference to chances bad com- 
plicated what was essentially a 
simple daim, the essence of 
which was that the plaintiff had 
lost any benefit which he would 
have derived if be had been 
correctly diagnosed and treated 
on his first visiting tbe bospftaL 

That loss of benefit was. of 
course, admitted, since it flowed 
inexorably from the admission 
of negligence. But m the 
authority^ submission that dal 
not sound in damages because 
damages in tort were confined to 
compensating proved financial 

a chancewas neither. 

It had been said times without 
number that the categories of 
negligence were never closed 
and, subject to the rules relating 
to remoteness of damage which 
were not material in the instant 
case, his Lordship could see no 
reason why the categories o floss 
should be closed either. 

If the plaintiff could rely upon 
the loss of tbe benefit of tuneous 
treatment, he had still to satisfy 
tile court as to the value of that 
benefit, and once again he had 
to do so on the balance of 

He had done that in three 
stages: first, he identified and 
proved on a balance of probabil- 
ities that the benefit he had lost 
was a one-in-foirr chance of 
avoiding avascular necrosis; sec- 
ond, be established on a balance 
of probabilities that the long- 
term disability from whiter he 
suffered was to be valued at 
£46,000; third, be submitted, 
aod tbe judge accepted, that a 
one-in-four chance of avoiding 
that loss was worth one quarter 
of the value of the loss iisteL 

His Lordship agreed that the 
plaintiff was entitled to the 
award of damages made by the 
judge and would therefore dis- 
miss the appeaL 

Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Croom-Johnson deliv- 
ered concurring judgments. - 

Solicitors: Hempsons; Lloyd 
Haworth & Partners, Maiden- 

European Law Report 


Exporter loses through 
purchaser’s fraud 

Irish Grain Board • (Trading) 
Ltd v Minister for Agriculture 
Case 254/85 

Before Judge CN- Kakouris, 
President of the Sixth Chamber 
and Judges T-F. O'Higg in s. T. 
Koopmans, O. Due, K_ 
Bahlmann and G.C. Rodriguez 

Advocate General G.F. Mancini 
(Opinion July 8. 1986) 
[Judgment November 1 1] 
Where an agricultural product 
bad not entered an importing 
member state for home use as a 
result of fraud on the part of the 
purchasers, the intervention 
agency res pons ible for payment 
of monetary compensatory 
amounts (MCAs) was entitled to 
refuse such payment to tbe 
exporter even where the ex- 
porter bad acted in good faith in 
that transaction. 

The plaintiff had sold certain 
consignments of grain to five 
purchasers in Northern Ireland. 

According to an agreement 
concluded between Ireland and 
the UK. it was for the Irish 
intervention agency to pay tbe 
MCAs which were to be granted 
by the UK on importation into 
that country. 

Since the intervention agency 
had serious grounds for suspect- 
ing that tbe grain had been 
clandestinely re-imported into 
Ireland for re-exportation to the 
UK, it requested the Northern 
Ireland customs authorities to 

to pay 

cany out an investigation on its 

Since those authorities were 
.unable to satisfy themselves that 
the grain had in fact entered 
Northern Ireland for home use 
within that territory, th 
vention agency refused 
the MCAs claimed. 

The plaintiff brought an ac- 
tion to recover those MCAs 
from the intervention 
before the High Court 
la nd . That court beW that the 
Northern Ireland purchasers, or 
at least some of them, were 
guilty of fradulem “carousel” 
trading and of irregularities in 
connection with the grain sold 
and exported by the plaintiff. 

Thai court also held, how- 
ever. that the plain tiff was in no 
way guilty of or privy to those 
irregularities and had not for- 
feited its entitlement to the 
payment of MCAs. 

The intervention agency ap- 
pealed against that decision to 
tbe Supreme Court of Ireland 
which referred certain questions 
to the Cbun of Justice of tbe 
European Communities for a 
preliminary ruling. 

In its judgment tbe European 
Court of Justice (Sixth Cham- 
ber) ruled: 

1 The provisions of Community 
tew governing the payment of 
MCAs were to be interpreted as 
meaning that the exporting 
member state which bad to pay 

the MCAs that had to be granted 
by the importing member state 
was entitled to refuse payment 
where tbe product in question 
had not entered the importing 
member state for borne use 
owing to fraud on tbe part of the 
purchasers of that product, even 
where the customs formalities 
had been completed, appro- 
priate TS forms had been issued 
and tbe “exporter” or“person 
concerned” within tbe meaning 
of the regulations in question 
had acted in all times in good 
faith in relation to that 

2 Where the Administration of 
tbe exporting member state, 
owing to grave suspicions based 
on objective grounds, bad com- 
menced inquiries in order to 
establish whether tbe product 
had been diverted by fraudulent 
means from its intended pur- 
pose as specified in the control 
copy tbe exporter was required 
to cooperate in tbe inquiry by 
transmitting all such informa- 
tion as he was able to furnish. If 
notwithstanding all the 
endeavours which the Admin- 
istration was required to make, 
the inquiries had failed to dispel 
those suspicions, the exporting 
member state was entitled to 
refuse payment of tbe MCAs 
which the importing member 
state was required to grant, 
unless proof was furnished that 
the product had actually entered 
the latter state for home use. 

Expired choice of jurisdiction term 

Ireco Fist SpA v Van H ool 

Case 313/85 

Before Judge Y. Galmot, Presi- 
dent of the Fifth Chamber and 
Judges F.A. Scbockweilcr, U. 

Everting. R. Joliet and J.C 
Moitinho de Almeida 
Advocate General J.L. da Cruz 

(Opinon October 7. 1986) 
Judgment November 11] 

In December 1956 an agree- 
ment was concluded between 
the parties for one year, which 
required for its renewal written 
confirmation on tbe part of the 
appellant. On January L 1958 

another agreement was con- 
cluded, also for a year, which 
was to lapse automatically on its 
termination date, failing re- 
newal in writing. 

Subsequently, no renewal 
took pike in writing but the 
parties continued to main tain 
business relations for more than 
20 years by applying and im- 
plementing the agreements in 
question. The appellant's ter- 
mination of those relations re- 
sulted m the present dispute. 

Before the court of first 
instance the appeallant had 
relied on a jurisdiction clause 

emboided in one of the two 
initial agre em e n ts which con- 

ferred jurisdiction on tbe court 
at Turin. 

On appeal tbe Hof van 
Cassatie (Cbun of Cassation). 
Brussels, stayed tbe proceedings 
and referred a question on the 
interpretation of article 1 7 of the 
Brussels Convention to the 
Court of Justice of tbe European 
Communities for a preliminary 

In its judgment the European 
Court of Justice held as follows: 

It was necessary fust to recall 
that the sofe purpose of the 
requirement of writing imposed 
by article 17 of the Convention 
was to ensure that the consensus 
between the parties was in fact 

Tbe national conn vss re- 
quired to examine whether the 
clause conferring jurisdiction 
was in fact tire subject of a 
consensus between the parties 
which bad to be dearly and 
precisely, demonstrated. 

If, according io the relevant 
national' law. the contract con- 
cerned could not be extended in 
the absence ofa written renewal, 
it was necessary to examine 
whether the jurisdiction clause 
fulfilled the requirements of 
article 17. 

It was apparent form the case- 
law of the Court that in the case 
of an unwritten ag ree me nt 

conferring jurisdiction, tbe 
requirements of article 17 were 
satisfied if written confirmation 
by either of tire parties had been 
received ter the other who had 
made no objection to it within a 
reasonable time: see Case 
221/84 BerMer v ASA (The 
77mcsJuly 29, 1985). 

On those grounds, the Court 
(fifth Chamber) ruled: 

Ankle 17 of the Convention of 
September 27. 1968 on jurisdic- 
tion and the enforcement of 
judgments iu civil and commer- 
cial mzlters was to be inter- 
preted as meaning that, where a 
written ageement which in- 
cluded a jurisdiction clause and 
which provided that extensions 
•to that agreement were to be 
made in writing, had expired but 
had continued to constitute the 
legal basis for the contractual 
relations of the parties, that 
jurisdiction clause satisfied tbe 
formal requirements imposed 
by that article it in accordance 
with tbe relevant national law, 
the parties might validly extend 
the initial contract without 
observing the requirements of 
writing or it in the opposite 
circumstances, one or other of 
the parties had confirmed that 
clause th writing without the 
other party having raised an 
objection to that confirmation 
after having received it. 








A guide to 
career choice 



DEPARTMENT of psychology 


for lhis P°st must have academic administrative 
for in addition to carrying out the usual duties of a 
he wiO have to provide leadership for and 
*"**®™»e the re-evaluation of both undergraduate and post- 
yTOouate academic programs in the department 

An anolirant Ko A full 

journals. K 

He should be under 60 years of age. K is preferable for him to 
raient m Arabic as the language of instruction. 


Jte mitral contract shall be for two years and shall be subject to 
renewal at the end of that time. 

Total monthly salary will be within the following scales 
‘"'poroing to qualifications and experience (1KD = B. Pounds 
U.S. Dollar 3.2) approximately: KD 1140 - KD 1300 (8 



A member is entitled to attend one academic conference a year 
which would be subject to University rules and regulations. 


There is a gratuity of one month basic salary for each year 
employed payable on termination of contract 


Suitable furnished, air-conditioned accommodation, electricity 
and water free of charge. 


Free comprehensive treatment is available in Kuwait under the 
State Health Service. 


Air tickets are provided from the country of recruitment for the 
appointee, spouse and up to three dependent children under 20 
years. Thereafter, return air tickets are issued annually to the 
country of citizenship or permanent residence. 

On termination of contract, air tickets are provided to the 
country of recruitment A baggage and freight allowance are 
also provided. 


60 days paid annual leave and various national holidays. 


This is provided free in Government Schools where the 
instruction is in Arabic. Staff who have to send their children to 
non-Arabic schools in Kuwait will have the tuition fees of up to a 
maximum of three children met by the University. 


There is no income tax in Kuwait Currency is transferable 
without restriction. 


Curriculum Vitae in duplicate which should include the names of 
three referees, personal particulars, qualifications with dates, 
career history, teaching experience, research accomplishments 
and availability should be sent to: 

Dean, College of Arts 
Kuwait University 
Faculty of Arts 
P.O. Box 23558, Safat, 

13096, Safat, Kuwait, 

not later than 1st February 1987. 

and capacity Tor research. Experience of practice in Hong 
Kong or a similar jurisdiction would be an additional 
though not a necessary qualification. Applicants with any 
field of interest will be considered, bat an interest in 
shipping law may be an advantage. 

Annual salary (superannuatile) is on an 1 1 -point scale: 
HKSI76.880 - 295,o80 |appro>L/£16^80- 26.480: stohM 
equivalent as at November 3. 1986). Starting salary will 
depend on qualifications and experi en ce. At current rales, 
salaries tax will not exceed 1 7Sb of gross income. Housing 
benefits at a rental of 7'*% of salary, children's education 
allowances, leave, and medical benefits are provided. 

Farther particulars and application forms may be ob- 
tained from: 

The Secretary General, 

Association of Commonwealth Universities (Appts), 
36 Gordon Square, 

London WC1H OPF 

or from: 

The Appointments Unit, 

University of Hong Kong, 
Hong Kong. 

Closes: 31 December 1986. 



Lectureship in Occupational Ergonomics 

This Department with major research in- 
terests m robotics, advanced materials 
processing, computer-integrated manage- 
ment and occupational ergonomics, is 
seeking academic staff as a result of the 
“Shift to Science and Engineering” init- 

An established lectureship is available in 
ergonomics related to industrial and busi- 
ness occupations. The field of interest of 
candidates can cover the workplace, 
workload, environmental or cognitive ar- 
eas of ergonomics. 

Salary will be on the lecturer scale, £8,020 
- £15,700 per annum (under review). 
Applications are invited from people with 
interests in the above field, or in any 
other area within the technology or man- 
agement of advanced manufacturing sys- 
tems. Further particulars and application 
forms, returnable not later than 15 De- 
cember 1986, from: 

The Staff Appointments Officer, 
University of Nottingham, 
University Park, 

Nottingham NG7 2RD. 

Ref No 1076. 

University of Oxford 
Inorganic Chemistry 
Assistants hip 

Applications are invited for a 
P.D.RA position to wort on 
Ptoxdectron Studies of d - 
and f - btocK Transition Metal 
Compands usng synchro- 
tron radiation. A proportion of 
the time will be spent a the 
SERC SRS fad My at 
Oaresbury. Experience with 
phatefectron spectro sc opy 
and/or the synthesis at lan- 
thanide and actinide 
compounds would be ex- 
tremely advantageous. Salary 
on the Research 1 A scale ac- 
cording lo age. Please apply 
in writing effing two referees 
to Or. J.C. Green, humane 
Chemistry Laboratory. South 
bits Rost. Oxford 0X1 3QR 
as soon as possible. 


Chair in 

Applications ate invited 
for a Cnar In Economics 
to be fitted in any area o» 
tneor encal or a ppMoO 
economics from 1 Octo- 
ber 1987 or as soon as 
possible thereafter. 

Apoacaiions {fourteen 
comes). n eluding a 
cumculum vine and the 
names and addresses oi 
trree referees, snoidd 
reach me Regnaar 
(C/A98/T). University ol 
Essex, Wtvennoe Park. 
Colchester. C04 3SQ. 
from wnom further par- 
ticulars may be obtained, 
ny 12 December 1988. 





Applications arc invited from 
g ra dua te with good admio- 
ouaiive experience, preferab- 
ly gained in univeniues. for 
ibis senior post in tin Acade- 
mic Section of the Registrar's 
Department Initially the 
da lies wiO be concerned 
mainly with academic plann- 
ing and the allocation of 
resources. Good drafting 
Skilb and ibe ability 10 use 
statistics are essential. 

Salary wHI be wiibin Admni- 
suative Grade III (currently 
£14.870 - £18.625 and under 
review Rom I April 19861 
Further particulars and appli- 
cation forms are available 
from the Registrar. Closing 
date 31 Dece m ber 1986. 

LimgUem m gh Lnctatmhbt. 




VLSI Architectures 

The university of Warwick, Computer Science 
Department has a vacancy for a Research Asso- 
ciate as part of an Ahray/SERC funded 
programme to develop novel VLSI architectures. 
Applicants should possess a good honours 
degree m Computer Science or Electronic Engj- 
I neenng and have some knowledge of VLSI 
i systems. The position involves working with an 
exiSb..g research group engaged in developing 
VLSI array architectures for image and signal 
processing. The successful appficant may regis- 
ter for a higher degree. 

Starting salary up to the 5th point on scale II 
(Range IB): £13,120 - £14,135 per annum- 

For more 'details and informal enquiries contact 
Professor Graham Nudd (8293^523366). 

A helping hand on the way up 

AppScafon f or ms and bather particulars from 
the Registrar, Univeraity of Warwick, Coventry 
CV4 7AL (0203 523627) quoting Ref. No. 
16/A/86/J (please mark dearty on envelope), 
dosing date 4th December 1888. 



London Business School is seeking to ippohn a Learner fa 
Busincs Policy. The successful c a n dida te must demonstrate 
his or bo- ability to uadi strategy formulation and strategy 
implementation to both postgraduate students and to senior 
executives at Board level. In addition, candidates are expected 
to have a special area of interest which may range from 
ent re prene uria l ma na gem en t to managing global ent e r prises . 

Applicants should have submitted or completed a doctorate in 
business policy and bate a successful track record in 
undertaking research and publishing in tire field of general 
management. Business experience would be a great advantage. 

The pash Lon wifi be at London Business School which is 
located in Regent's Park. London. The alary range b £15. 120 
to £1 7.625 inclusive of London Allowance. 

AppGaukms for das post skomU be addressed Me 

Dr Stuart Slatter 

Subject Area Chairman, Business Policy 
London business School, 

Sussex Place, Regent's Park, 
London NW1 4SA 




Exciting opportunities exist for two senior 
research assistants on an SERC/'Industry funded 
r e se ar ch programme being earned out jointly by 
the Department of Production Engineering and 
Production Management and the Department of 
Industrial Economics, Accountancy and 
Insurance in collaboration with five major 
electron! C 5 /IT companies. The project aims at 
developing and evaluating methods for assessing 
the productivity of the design function within a 
total system framework and hence developing 
financial models to assess returns from 
investment decisions on design. 

The appointments will be for three yean with 
salaries within the region of £12,500 (under 
review). Candidates should have a background 

review). Candidates should have a background 
in a relevant discipline such as Production 
Engineering, Electronics, Economics or Finance 
and should have postgraduate or industrial 
experience. Further particulars and application 
forms, returnable no later than 5 December, 
from the Staff Appointments Officer, University 
of Nottingham. University Park, Nottingham 
NG7 2RD. Ref No. 1078. 

How do women make it to the top in 
Britain? Until recently, accounts of 
moving up the corporate ladder have 
been supplied hymen only. But now that 
many women are reaching senior levels 
in organizations, it is possible to discover 
if women think there is one specific path 
to success. For women still struggling 
lower down in the organization, a few 
hints can make all the difference to their 

In the US, the women executive's 
climb io the top is much better 
chronicled. A factor constantly arising 
from studies on women is the im- 
portance of having a mentor, a senior 
figure in the company who adopts a 
junior manager and who speeds up their 
development by tutoring, encouraging 
and promoting them. 

The Centre for Creative Leadership in 
Carolina, for instance, found in a survey 
of 66 executives that it was essential fora 
woman's career p rospects to have a 
mentor to vouch for her. Women who 
never reached executive level often 
failed to do so because they had never 
had a mentor. If a man had one, it could 
actually damage his prospects, because 
be was often seen to be overly dependent 
on the relationship. 

Is this true just for American women, 

Playing a critical role 
in improving a career 

or is it equally important that British 
; women have someone in the right place 
: to help their careers along? A survey of 
98 British women strongly suggests that 
mentoring does play a critical role in the 
career development of a n piifirant 
proportion of business women. 

The survey was taken among 43 
women en tr eprene u rs and 55 women 
managers, the names of whom were 
supplied by the Pepperwell Unit of the 
Industrial Society and the British Associ- 
ation of Women Entrepre n e urs . The 
women were asked about the impact 
their mentors, or the lack of them, had 
upon their career development They 
also answered detailed questions about 
the benefits and drawbacks of the 

Overall, the women were very positive 
about the benefits. One woman com- 
mented: “I firmly believe that mentoring 
is invaluable at all stages of a woman's 
career. Personally, my mentor's help and 
support was particularly important when 
I decided to leave an established position 
for the perils of starting a business.” 

Exactly half of the surveyed women 
had had a mentor at some stage in their 
careers and of these nearly all said their 
mentors had an important and beneficial 
impact on their careers. 

Two-thirds of the women who had 
never had a mentor said their careers 
would have progressed fester with one. 
The remaining women said their careers 
were unaffected by a mentor but most 
appeared to believe a mentoring 
relationship undermined a woman's 
independence and competance. 

The climb to the top 
of a corporate ladder 
is still a hard struggle for 
most women executives. 
Marion Devine looks 
at the crucial assistance 
an adviser can provide 

A manager commented: "As a mature 
adult, one should mate one's own way 
and be judged as an individual — a 
mentor relationship can become patron- 
age which I consider a dangerous 
relationship in business." 

Few women actively sought and 
initiated the relationship and m many 
cases the women did not realize they had 
had a mentor until they were questioned. 
Only eight per cent oftoe surveyed 
women approached their mentor to 
suggest that an advising relationship 
begun. In two-thirds of the cases, the 
women drifted passively into the 
relationship and the typical explanation 
was, 'it just happened”. 

The mentors helped the career 
development of toe women in several 
ways. One-third of the women said their 
advisers had improved their self-con- 
fidence and seif image. Comments 
included: “He showed mfe that I could do 
thing s that I would never have attempted 
without the encouragement and 
opportunity that be gave me.” 

Their mentors helped them in their 
personal life also. A woman e n trepreneur 
commented: “Mine showed me how to 
achieve a better balance in my life 
between my work and personal 
co mmitmen ts ” “And mine helped me to 
develop a more positive mental attitude 
in all areas, not just work,” said another 

Another important benefit was that 
the mentor made toe women more 
visible to senior management and fre- 
quently supplied them with opportu- 
nities to prove themselves. One woman 
said: “He saw that my abilities were 
acknowledged, that I was promoted and 
given credit for my accomplishments 
and that I was delegated considerable 

The mentors often spoke about the 
women to other senior managers. 
“Through my mentor's efforts, my 
managing director frequently heard how 
I was progressing. Unlike most women, I 
had no problem being noticed in the 

Many of the women made a special 
mention of how their advisers helped 
them to improve their communication 
skills and interact better wito clients and 
colleagues. “My mentors taught me toe 
importance of communicating welL 
They showed me bow to handle people 
and situations. I learnt to see myself and 
so give 100 per cent attention to the 

people I am dealing with,” said a 

Amajor section of the survey explored 
the drawbacks of having a mentor. The 

women were asked about the general 
areas of difficulty and toe specific 
problems created by having a mentor of 
the opposite sex. Nearly half of toe 
women replied they had not encountered 
problems. Of those women who did, 
over one-third said their colleagues 
resented toe relationship and interpreted 
it as fevouritism. 

For a small number of women, their 
careers had been damaged by their 
adviser’s loss of credibility in toe 
company. A manager describes her 
experience: “When my mentor lost his 
political battle with toe chief executive, I 
knew that I did not have much 
protection. At the time, I was the only fe- 
male executive working overseas, but 
when your friends and allies at head- 
quarters get zapped, toe end of your 
career in the company is only a question 
of time — no matter how good you are.” 

A greater number of women experi- 
enced problems arising from having a 
male mentor. Nearly half toe women 
described various difficulties; for in- 
stance almost all of toe women en- 
countered office gossip and sexual 

Confusion and ambiguity 
may sometimes arise 

innuendo about the nature of the 
relationship. Other employees assumed 
toe mentor and women were having an 
affair, often because the two met after 
office hours. 

The next most commonly mentioned 
issue arose with the spouses of toe 
mentoring pair. A quarter of the women 
reported that their mentor's wife felt 
threatened by the relationship, while a 
tenth said their husbands resented the' 
mentor and felt excluded by the close- 
ness of the relationship. 

A small number of the women said 
that their mentors became too emo- 
tionally involved with them. The per- 
sonal nature of the relationship led to 

that he tried to be too dose.” 

It seems clear that a mentor has an 
important effect upon the career 
development of many business women. 
For many, toe benefits did not cease 
when they reached the senior level of an 
organisation and toe majority of them 
remained involved in a mentor 

This implies that women's climb to 
the top far often benefits from support 
and guidance from the top. But despite 
the obvious benefits of mentoring, it 
seems that most women drift acciden- 
tally into a relationship. How much 
greater would the benefits of advising be 
if women began to decisively look for an 
individual with valuable and relevant 
skills who might act as a mentor? 

Lecturer in Computing 

Aputabcus art invited fora Lectureship in Computing jn liie 
Department of Gjtnpuujtg Studies- Applicants dtocW be zral- 
bxks in other Mathansxxs or Computer Science, and nave 
w r it abl e pcst-gradnate and/or industnal experience. The post 
is part of as expansion programme within foe Unmxsay for 
research and trailing in foe field of co mp utim Hie main 
research interests of for Department are ftamai Methods aad 
Software En g inee ring , and application for computer*. 

Qualified candidate from a field other than computing mat, if 
appointed, be encoura ge d to obtain an a ppropriate qualifica- 
tion by means of a tramiflS count far wnxb foe nnhenity 
oonkl provide fanning 

Initial salary will depend on 
will be on foe Lecturers’ 

rations and experiena 
£8 . 020 to £15.700 («j 

Further particulars may be obtained from foe Registrar (Ap- 
pointments). University of Leicester. University Road. 
Leicester, LEI 7RH. to whom appfaauons oo the form pro- 
vided shank! be sent by 12 December 1986. 



Urn University Hands to rmta m election to the needy 
established Professorate of Computing Science. Pie 
chair wa be Md In the C o mpu tin g Laboratory and wi 
be aseodatad wtti foe new Joint honour school of Engi- 
neering and Computer Sctenoo. Tire new protags o r wa 
be expected to entogo the axceOanoo and rang* of 
research In Compulta Science at Oxford and to pby a 
(aadfng part in dewefoptng the existing co fle poreflon 
between tha Co m p u ting L a boratory and tne D epfobnem 
of Engineering Soence. The Stipend of the professor- 
ship b at present £21475 (under review). 



Applications are reviled from 

University oi Oxford 
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 


Apntieants era bruited from e fo ctrochemists. tdochemtsta. 
orgonometalfec, organic or inorganic cnemsts lor a post- 
ooctora! research assotamsfap to wort on some aspects at 
rawal sensors, bi pvticutar. txaensore. A number ot portions 
are avseaote: one or two wtt start as soon as po ea te te: tne 
remani n g ones wrifl commence in the Autism of 1387. 

A p p fccaO ons should be sera Kr- 

The Afontatawafor 
fo o raretic Chac njJ ry Laboratory 
Sontfi Mm Road. 

OX1 3QR 

Those interested should apply as soon os possWe and Muda 
a cumculum vitae ana tne names at two referees. 

dnsny or m academia far foe 
esabfabed Chair fa Mam- 

ociurrag Ojantoiioo A 
strong inicim in computer 
uncreated manufacture 
would be welc o med and ex- 
pertise is soegbt in foe field 
as a whole or m some idracd 
analytic or software eagiacer. 
■eg subject. 

The successful applicant wffl 
be expected to direct and 
contribute lo testing and 
research activities m the field 
Wilkin foe Department ol 
Faeineen ag Production. TV 
Depa rt man 's wort m 
broadly .domed el the 
■ramuuciurmg needs of dee- 
incaL electronic and 
mrrtow ca l e ngi neering 


Salary wifi be within foe 
professorial range < current 
average £2X340. but under 
review So* I April tttband 
farther review from I April 
I W7). 

Further particulars and 
apuf ration farms fiom foe 



LLB? BSc (Econ)? 


Three 'fear Degree Courses in 
Law • Accountancy - Management • Banking 
Entry: LLB - 3 *0’s & 2 *A3s Grade D (E in 1987) 
BSc - 3 *Ok & 2 ‘As Grade E. 



One Year Courses start each October and 
18 month corases start in April 

For further j?i! hi lt, r |s:ir:Scu!..5«. «.( FiiU-timv. i'cirt-tirTH- 
and (.'"rropundtruv IW rsi.-> 
i api'!y-1<> thv l’i, HSI . D.jit MT, t> 

• Q(\y — rir» I’.rcvhiiund Kd. Lur.dun W '14 URV. I A- 


Phone for details of 
Video Revision Course. 
Video College Ltd. 

Three week courses in Flower 
Arranging and Florisuy held 
throughout the year. 

Twi day courses also 

Please ring: 

91-4*3 8171 far tether drafts, 
h BrttM S*m: 

Lmdaa W1X 7AC. 

L&tehkan mt b Lnceseidiw. 


AND BLWSaRIES 1987-88 
The MtoniBVnrtiw ■« ar m rii niuitt . -utt » <wr •> 

I FittRMr 1987. imf Bonanrr wnfl a (fcnWl Mt of t Mack 1987. -ril 
be 9'aliHr a Urn I'st.eiwl- fcr I9S~-M-- 

VhWu Priloral l ip iii r — d M a i ei m tret » Gdd or raearrt and 
rbouid futr anraov nicrwn imeh lo ai icsa oecxoral iaoM 
Salat; iwgr D>jD 22 - nOCn man »nh L5S HU ira.rt dowek 
•cure of err ,« Bom I CmOtr I ■>77. 

Vordap SrodnitlhilH Fwpwd honrain ara ST Ji r . qfgnqibrr inmfr- 
si. »nh neani enpenener u UMnuw meant* a am Sea of aidi. 
talnc £120(1 - £3.230 pa annum piiAircicf aUuooncr Jfld lew. lenanc ter 
I - 3 icaiv 

R M d HaH Baroninc <U tea one TOdnul bunars >i0 be j.*0- 

amr m ra:-M ia o w e ae anr mo amr <o puue 

Bnncnit* or am le r inanonun ir Ibe Rnmli (lies tw atrad u> 
uxnd a mol of sudi or leant of Uc tan.T -n . The toum nr 
oner or eonmCuIe MW&. l!«r rov of rcsmerrual fees and inaninascr 
■o Hiddcl HaH. onsnoSi a nrrcafe4'-eMn*<U ran'i tall of lewdner 
and mi» rccmfi within for Lro»erac/i imanruai eocofev LcxaC. under 
uac wm of inr Iraq pirfarw will be dim n women 
vdewra (eran and fan her pBimttss 6our 

Academic Coaool Office. 

The Queen's Uoiwraity of BeifesL 

TUmON in 

nKjutral by mature sOident 
reading privately tor London 
Urrivirsily LLB (extend] 

West London area. 
01-995 4847 


Secretarial, Business and 
Language Courses 

Word P ro c e s s or 

English for Overseas 

Residem & Day 

The Registrar (TI) 

2 Arkwright road, 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 


irOararae lyDownting. Comoutmg 8 I nr o nwai ion 
MCWogaroewr OouiM trom Jar»x>rv Item mg incW« PnnciDles 
m Accouws onfl Management Aba 3-Weeh lvc*r»g ond Com- 

Hi* Registrar, ntmon Cantnd CoOeg* 
fMSouthamplen Bow. London WC1B SAX 

Presml -211272 


■i.i ' ! m i-.v 



2 term diploma etusa starting 
Jarsary 1987 

andl ttnn ransne seeremi 
_ cars* Jan. Aprs and Sepi 
3 twm executive secnMd course 
SapWrtwr 1987 

Ptdsmc&b: 18 Dtmraven Street 
Part, Ljne. London W1Y3FE 
Tat 01-629 2904 

g 077 Tgiartal co uraea CCE MMfE *7? Tutorial raunes 

e omtu qicc Jan 87. Antflca&ons iiBiunepcc up 87. AppUcttODs 
Mao Inured for pra Ea wer Be vr- Mao Inv Iteu for the Easter Revi- 
sion Course. SO Wamaorougd non Course 20 w a mborouwi 
Rd_ Ottfrad. TM (086S1B631I Rd.. SifoS. T* 



Means 3 fun terms' wort 
before dranse course 
apdicaiHXL Races avaftabfe 
far April 1987. Full details 
01-852 3900 

IN 1987? 

GCE‘0* si V hmdTApphng 
UCCA ei Mr? GradMMg? 

HOW IS THE TIME a> raasoH 
os for «sp«rt Bssestraeai aad 
pddaacs. Frea broclsusi 

m m A B0fooucesbsrP)*ee.Wl 

• • • 01-935 W5Z[2anrs) 

oumoho s&cacrrMUU. cm- 
wor uhmmi nwi. Daaoma 
courar sorts Jan 5. 4779 


* Urewra* of London 
Befsnn, GCSE Onl A Inti 
AH 1085 

IS - 20 Decanter man. E35 
AEcomnaosM nltt an emus 
Angle- Aostrisu Society 
46 Oueeu Ash’s GA 
Lontfos SW1H MU 
TBL 01-222 0386 


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tSS 0 * 1, "Mk^ has 2HT 
Telephone: Northwood 21850 

Require for April and September 1987 
a teacher of 

biology - 

80(1 for September a teacher of 


to fo® highest 
candidates will also be *m- 
7* ^ amBS and/or CCF and 
> n 8 Christian 
SSSJon that has always by statute 

cSsS-" -8 01 8,1 nations ^ 

Own salary scale. 

Further details of these appointments 
y h 6 . — ohain ed from the 






Applications are invited for the 
appointment of Cleric to the College 
Governors of Alleyn’s College of 
God’s Gift who administer 
Dohvich College, Alleyn’s School, 
the Dulwich Picture Gallery 
and Christ’s Chapel 

For details write to the 
Clerk to the Governors, 
Dulwich College, 
London SE21 7LD. 


Application fnra espenenced Accountants are invited 
for the appointment of Assistant Btnsar (finance) at 
Lanciqg CoOege wlxidi &fia vacant in J&nuMtj, 1987. He 
orabewaibao i rowWa tptfaeBinaar&rtfac M B na ga- 
mmt unH Contnl of tiie CoOcpA fl— "w*! and 
u M iM t i Bf floctina. Cunpntar ajpaha w b Iri jR^y 

' AmpthMh am Bn idiii iiiiibaM i «wi p it»f wffl bt m- 

■*«m « hi r ? i ^ IKUbunailiai sSJaaLtht-Bda-' 
of £12,000 - £14jOQO pj. acconfinc to m aid experi- 
ence- AppBcatfcna with M C.V. and nanaa and 
ad fa aa m of 2 wftwea toe ■ " 

*Hia Bmaar . 

Lanong CcAege. 

Lancing; Wait Sn—nT BN15 ORW 
to arrive not later than 8tb December, 1986. ' ’ ' ■ ' 



The Downed of this ecumenical Thoologkal Colege 
invites 8pp6catk3n8 for the post of Principal from 1st 
September 1987. 

He or she may be lay or ordained end nwcom 
from any of the main stream Ctwlstlan 
denominations. ■ 

An appBcatkm form and fun delate of the post may 
be obtained from The Bursar, Tlw Queen’s Collage. 
Somerset Road, Edgbaston, Binningham BIS 2QH. 
Completed applications should be received not later 
than 7th January 1987. 


O p port uni ty for young person to work with driMitn 
in mW Bt fa H boarding school. Useful carc^aaenng 
and cd iuuirinnal expcncnoc. Phone for details to: 




This schotersh^i is to be awarded for the^ first 
time in 1987 to a boy or girt who wTbe 

joining the Third torn at Gordonstwin with a 

view to staying tor fare years J- 
level. It is intended |p award the scholarenip 
to a boy or girl whose family, under normal 
circumstances, could not afford to send a 
ch3d to Gqrdonstoun. 

Details of ' fhb- ‘airf • ot^ sgwtaregji.' 
inctofing those frWjg 
form, can be obtained from The 

Gordonstoun School. -Sd^ Morayshue 
JV30 2RF, telephone 0343^830445. 



FffiS wS be statist id arts aged dawn, tele or.wwn 
entering m September. 1®7. .. .. ... 

* . .. __1~4 fc. Mm mMi H 




j Penrtns CoBege offeree acabems; austara 
plus a tBHgifi fflcfis cancdar praganme. 

i MbsTHHtfK.SBaaBWtslteTtea5^^«®te^^dto 

i mmj uni a copy d tfe school prospectus, details of the 
! exwttn^ns an? flotty fhnra on raquost 


Brook Green 
London W6 7B5 


for September 1987 

At firat Year lev el fag e 11) dm are to 
Awards uO be made ® the results of the Firet Year 
Entra nc e and Awards E xa mi nati o n to be held in 
FBbnisy 1987. For Music Awards there is also an 


.For entrants to Advanced Level Cotee aa (age 16) 

addition to GOVERNORS* BURSARIES. These wit 
be awarded on tee results of an Entrance 
Ex ami na tion held la January 1987. There are also a 
offered for conipetfflon during the test yeer of tee 
Advanced Leva course. 

ALL AWARDS may cwry up to fid raoteioa of 
tudion toes, on the basis of a Means Test 

CLOSMQ OATES far applcatiatts 
Ffcet Yeer En t rance 



join us at our Branch in High Habom where you wffl 

ptey a toy rote - often bang the first poea of contact 
with our cbents. 

This position wffl make fug use of your experience n 
using a busy modem switchboard end your acc u rate 
copy typing skffls. You wffl wort as pan of a team in a 
friend* busy office, with scope far mere involvement in 
tee future. . 

Starting salary £7,800 + ercotore benefits and traaitea 
H you neve s good general education and at least one ! 
war's experience in a sarfflar past, please telephone i 
Theresa Green on 01-629 8535 (24 hr answer atonal. 

rhereee Green on 01-629 8535 (24 hr answer ptone). 


Tho Financial Managem en t Group 

W mm mart c pportw Ues gram AgpSeomt an wtam 
fpBtibs* of as*, mrtt softs, wane Ong n or tfa a Edate. 

Advanced Level Brtreeca Eaemhadiore 
5tb Jmmary 19*r. 

Can d M—a mat pr a vtondy have been rag hrt ered. 

For affl farther h d otmefl o n c o n ta ct tee School 
Secretary. 01-603 2288. 



178 BOYS, 178 SOLS) 

Scholarships of ip to 100% of fees are offered to 
boya and ghts wishing to enter tee Sbcte Form at 
C te ye e more in September 1967. Boartfng and day 
.ptacas are awtitana. 

Interviews and exanAiations are held at tee School 
on Saturday. 14th Febnary 1987. Hie cloe i ng date 
for entries is 1 st February. 

Ftffl detaBs may be obehed franc 

The Head ma ster, 

Cfayesrnore School, 

Btandfoed Fonan, 

Dorset DT11 8LL. 

Telephone (0747) 811217 



Applications ire invited for tfae Schofanfaip 
Era mmxrioas to beheld an Febnary 18th, 1987. 

B h II i m firm the WJilmiuim 


Daqdnd far Sapteraber, 1967: a good Ctaeicist to teach 
toaafc and LatoHnouaga and OWratwa and Ancient HWxy 
at at laMta (fa - ift ki a Urge and Bmiy departmenL Tha 
pent wedd be pwtotedy aWireto lor a 
an. Wa rat in games and the other i 
school Be, tiut schdarahip and a real arttudasm tor the 
subject an the prime conaktoraboos. 

Further delate Irene 

The Wanton, 

St Edward's School, 

Oxford. OX2 7NM. 

When apphftogpl ooBB toctuda a CMttaArn rtaa and names 
of two ratafees. 






Open to men w women graduates wfio wish to 
undertake research or post-graduate studies in 
economics, statistics, politics aid government 
sociology, recent economic, social and political 
history, industrial relations, nsnagement stud- 
ies, public and soda! administ r atio n, or any 
other branch of the soda! studies. Student- 
ships do not provide grants far fees or 
mamtBriance.^ Particulars from The Admissions 
Secretary. Applications, marked ‘Studentships' 
as esfy as possible. 



.The. Bruce, Jufia 
and Mortimer May 
Senior Scholarafap. 

As.a consaquence of a 
benefaction from tee 
estate of Hortmer May. 
tte Oofieoe i«ead to 
a wad a Senior Scholar- 
ship in Seograplqr rt 
Henfort Cotefle. moble 

far 3 years from October 


The Sctotarsfr m9< 
awer the costs t^ Un- 
varsity and CoUege fees 
and pnMre.atesstance. 

AftoScants should wte 
for further detabs »d an 
to The 


TEL: 01-481 4422 


jumam sezagenunr * cr.aao * 

anM bnwfns. Good ro ar 
anai ta ous> penmri «- 
renmru. sot coOkv 

taver or is, wat> tBonmoa 
m antto*L&3 TTa* I* rk «pc 

ewnnav hair ■ you hair rr»- 

«« not Map or and 
cv u Taistort Ana. OTatv 
WOO, SL hQ 01«J6 6886 

wjm U. » tapg typ & know] 
afWP UriDMawnFnw 

£8-600 V you hivr %** cam- 
AM • roaplr of monUB 
u n w cr w y exptrtmcr mta law 

aXKTMT nquktd for how 
MO + AM. bwtf ta Hcnloy on 
TlBML wr nr«l a 26* wrU 
awaKd car otHIdb adnanw- 

Qwdml Craw page 19 




N l V M n 8 W W V iCCfsl 

Come and join ts and yoa will be working wfch the 
aupkctleada As London's larges! Residential Agent 
we lave expanded oar oetwart all over London 2 nd we 
are seeking experienced Negotiators to HI key positions 
moor Compaq 

The axre&sfal candidate will be flexible, determined 
and adaptable and win have bad experience in a related 

Please anotv in wrtenfi to: 

Ctsfettee DwraTCbestertons Residential 
Area Director -Lettings, 
136 K en Ma gto« i B^iStreeLLoodooWSvAW 


- 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL 01-481 4000 


'Barclay card 

CJrrVj «mWi «4Un duency An 
EnWMft/GcrmM and oar of the 


tor IWM sroup. Satary 

c£8£0Q. Rtag tor mm deans 
680 7086. 

£??„. wbub. 

B.U PA.ftNUnaaaHIMiy 
Mous. Thb wen known US. 
mamiwit iwbMjm conaaiv re> 
«wa a UMp atperksced 
nontoom who has the ware 
and poor to nmstemeni OHS 
wperh award wmtdng otCrr 
environment In SWl. ms 
swhcMnard on good acemie 
typuif 4S wpn. aw 25/28. 
Bernaoene or Bond Street 01- 
629 1204 

pirac wrcgy no si a ae cny. 

leading Law Firm seeks 7 rust 
d» recepuonsta TO camplelr a 
smalt team o reanwm g lopchn. 
wMcues and can. 2S-32 


superh rontm 1 tenems. 
Please csnuci Sue veiwMes. 
fM Pmsaart iRec Com aO* 
4933 <94 Ins). 

£2XU)60 * ham - Personnel 

Ofncrr /Manager. STi, with 
TPM degree la oravlde I hr lid 
. Pavnrnl iunewn lor an 
American Sank in SL James'. 
CSD OI 577 8600 I CUV] nr Ol - 
429 7001 IWM End! 

nlarlal -CociMdUnta . 

KCUmOkBT School /Ctweoe 
Loner tar PR/ Advwtttos 
Agency cJoie in me CNM 
Line. SO worn lypuio. tahwi 
bounor pHsonalKy and OexMie 
atmaor to worlong with *• «e- 
olive leans easeviii^. Age IT*. 
C7JBOO*. Beroadette of Bond 
Street 01-629 1204 

wr S MRS S, FUHpme rook and 
Dimer comae. Exretimi evprn- 
enre pmaie service. Seek 
London uluahod Soane Bu- 
reau. as Kings Rd. Swi Ol 
730 8122 Ref: 840*50. 



cotto n ftiEU Dir Cools. 
Temp C4-5CH- Ph In prtsOptoiB 
City rov COM e a perieace ner 
raarv Long A short term 
aagwndt wrone Ansel AW 
Bet Com 689 1698. 

■uk our or tw office. 
Manor Plano coramy 
Iwr onramg lor a PA ibo 
shorthand!, wortanp with a 
young partner. Vcu MUwan- 
uanv non to m uwaw and 
show cHrnta round. Lois of 
«W tar wslunM Ape 30- 
22 years. (£9,000. SSMX65 
MerdMh Scot! Pec mU n if nl. 

mP TlBW ONLY ■ c £9 000 - 
Tom '-rry rarvogwus nkm- 
uonaa wn way adianno 
CrmsL w pon sa ar for smootn 
nmnoip of rerepnon area and 
meeti ng chtnB. ata noRde one 
other rerewmmsL Uortina 
r en d i tion s and besrllts ncH 
tanL Can Mrtanfe Latng Ol ui 
isot nwrAnmmRrrCmi 

WWICTR CO PA to Darenor. 
lefUaSve Me 90/ SO tkfBm deal 
carter oceorttouty. tiocjoo 
Call Nataha TED Aav Ol 756 


"vixi a'Somurap fro hS 
Pronle EM Aprota 10 take mtr 
chanr of NW8 comp Inuiuul. 
£9 10.000 pa. Lyn 436 9822 

cons! 01-491 7100. 

n» In Design £9^00 - A mart. 
“very Sec/PA r w uw d to loin 
(ho young gesanead DMpi 
Caosnltanta. As PA ta a Direc- 
tor and 3 EMcuuvn you wU 
ctdoy an noaMy hay and 
traaetad oi dw awt a L As 
wen as typing mo shorthand) 
you win inyum. travel, hoirts. 
f rmty. Halt wnn rtienaana 
groerahy become totally in- 
volved. Aar: 22+ . Pimae 
U-fe-trfwor 01-409 1232 The 
work Shop. 

nriwmi uuxu nw pa m 

wortc M senior level tar M Oty 
orp. Lots of PR-tyne duties. 

tram be able to deal with ch- 



Retires 6 

enthusiastic, extrovert, 
young fteople. Ba - 
experience preferable. 

Tel 01 628 3850 


■eucr HAMIT NNttoi 22e wnli 
u ni ta er. 3 cMUn 13 yea r s 
and 6 months) In Hanpsiead 
home. Nursery dunes only, as 
otter staff kepi. Two days a 

81 l JMBtlAL PA £12.000 tar fn- 
kriMtUMt rwecior at 
VBdgoia ad agency Engthb 
deo or *A' mu tui rx an rd wan 
Ourni FttM or Dutch + eane- 
yai SH & typ essen Age to 28 
nu. 493 Bd?A Duke Si iRee 

FMISH your day al 4 JO. Lux 
In Mayfair DO Co. koupb 
S ecretary good typing, rusty 
SJH and wp exp for aas inter. 
rctang and Called Mb. £9.000. 
Jay-gar Carvers (Soane Sot 
Ltd. 01-730 5148. 

8BAOUATB CoOegr haver sera - 
interviews new wr wading PWh- 
Wuhsl wrtl known Eaucattotal 
Bootes. Estate Agents and Ad- 
vertmng and PR Oevent 
Garden Bureau, HO Fleet SL 
EG* 3S3 7096 

LIVELY Film and PuMsiuno 
rompany m Wt 1 reoutre young 
assaslau. ryptno esseana l Sala- 
ry ctfcooa Td 221 


W/P Off C10/D00 + benefits. 
Malar City Sobrdon seek WP 
m. Win * train on IBM Euo. 
Aw 25 - Details 406 1220 

Moron I AMMO £9.500 ♦ Bo 
nus Invoheaiem is guaranteed 
with ibis large West End sng- 
eny company Ac c oto w ny 
your boss when he mill prop- 
erties and oilay the daawpn 

at the (Mrbrauon parties Dial 
are ones ooeeaproirci ocm- 
plcted 55 wpm audio wim WP 
meenence needed. Ape 224. 
Phase telephone Ol 240 
3511/3551 (West End) or Ol 
240 3551 rettvi. Ekabetn Hunt 
Rvcnounent Consultants. 


Tins young, informal puMch- 
■ng company n eed s a young, 
tough secret a ry lo won on 
their fastaon magazute pmd- 
mg ututwii to Mr sales 
manager. ExceDeoi proapecB lo 
prove your worth as a wflUng 
member M the tram. SO wpp> 
tymnp needed, age 20*. Pirate 
Hirphone Ol 2*0 3511/3531 
(West Emil or Ol 240 3561 
ICtOO. Elizabeth Hml Recndt- 

wfth pood WP ospeflence ta 

paranenL A fnetudy efftctenl 

parson who enloys a Uvcty sales 
atmosphere and wants not In- 
cohreneeni wffl thrive. Early 
2<>ns typing SOwptm Telephone 
CaroUne King Aopts. ol 499 

COLLC8E Leaver svKh accurate 
typing (no shorthand or audio) 
tar suaeib oincea in SL Jasnes-s 
Square. Lots ot scope as train- 
ing given on Met. W.P. and 
switch board. Ape 184. £8.000. 
Bernadette Of Bond Street IRec 
Const 01-629 1204. 

N LBtGUAL neeretartes wttn ef- 
(her French Spontan or 
Gorman. 2 yean * ns . 
S/Hand good sldhi for CosmM- 
ics Trading charity and 
bankers, carretaur Agy 404 

GET Into ban k i n g and use your 
German. Fast thinker for Deal- 
er* Dept Ek career prospects. 
No sec suns ncccessary but el- 
an experience Age 21+ 
£7.500 & good perks. Link Lan- 
guage APPQ Ol 846 9743 
ft JOB* Bi PUBLBMIIC on with a 
dUTerenee. varying from early 
20* to 40"o Salary £7£00 to 
CIOjOOO. Call Mis Byrantme. 
Ot 222 5091. Norma Skemp 
Personel Services lOgp SI 
James's Park tube! 

MONTY MARKETS £10-13.000 
Top US Bank seeks two secre- 
taries. with and without rtiand 
to fcan their international Trad- 
ing Floor. Good nulls. nadbUOy 
and WP essentia). Hodge He- 
cndtinent 629 8863. 

■ABLET ST Gonlocl Lnae ora c- 
Mwper rcqtwn 

aetreury/rereottoneg. WP. Au 
imd. 5/M ukiui. Traouag taken. 
Lively raHUrai nenoutity. 
Salary nep Pnonr evenings Ol 
542 0062 

ISjDOO e perns lor "poowe" on 
ndrd Mb with lammn 
compofty- Runmtig noifiDn 
aa. no twuemoara. a tea au- 
dio and warm personality 
reqtnrea Wuidrefl Jorunoa. 
iRre Cam. Ol 495 3005 

TOP Peoples Estate Agents in 
Green Part- need young weH 
spoken eathuoattc Set to mu 
lnetv team of Negotiators. 

SohM-Mfflo.stow vh £7^oa 
OkM Gordon Bureau. ItO 
Fleet S. CC4 333 7696 

AOMHI PMUME CUM ■: £7.000 
+ Bonus Ah Meal poatton far a 
n uiMiii r perso n aged 19+ with 
copy Notts ta become tnvohed 

In anil data, xavtstadi 

ApptX 01-856 6086. 

Anvnrrautc wun wen known 
Wi-a Cud BuMthers. £83M 
with lots of perk s Good audio 
Secretary. 20's Ambitious and 
career mnded. Whufrcd John- 
son IRK Com Ol 3005 

WJMIIW aid Architects otfer 
suDem creatK P young emioe 
tmi tat See wno nos s/H wnn 
an eye for destan lo £9.000 U 
W 1 Coveiu Garden Bureau. 
HO Fleet S. EG4 363 7696 

GRADUATE Admin Aselstanf 
win, good typing and wane wp 
exp Meal ioossm raearmrrat 
Urn. wet Earadhe Scorch Co. 
£94)00 aeg. Jaygar Careen 
tStaane Sol Ltd.. Ol 730 Siaa. 

RECEPTION r £8-500++ PrrsO- 

gaaa Estate Agents Wi need 
gtegarsotp aeuiM jobber Oval 
cHruts. ilun office wttn youig 
team Good typ. Jaygar Careen 
Soane Sol Ud.. Ol 730 5143. 

MMKETM8 PA with Italian 50 
wpm lyputg 6 c o mmerci a l cap. 
£9.000 * * Can Naiaha TED 
Agy 01-736 9857- 

tllMOURMTBAOE No hank- 
tag rapenoner reaiareo bur you 
do need escrllrna serrrtartal 
skills and a stable background 
to Mtn this well known mer- 
chant Bank. Based in ttietr 
corporate nuance division you 
will not only an os PA ta (heir 
associate armor btd help with 
rai a nnat research Age to 35. 
I0Q/55+WP experience. Tele 
phone Caroline King appcs. ot 
499 8070 

£8400 an + generous perks. 
An expeneoced person in then- 
mid JOI - early 30‘s B reg iU tvd 
tar ihlsyoiBig. cttenl maaaiB. 
West End nnance House. Their 
Image demands on nceUenl 
phone manner and (asiMonaote 

TRAIN Into Legal ta £10.000 - 
Uus is a eha tle ngt h a rote In a 
progressive legal dot for a 
bright, confident and profes- 
sional secretary. Our clienL a 
ttvety oogrttlng restaurants 
poup. imta your presence at 
mind, common sense. mKiaOve 
and excellent audio skills. In- 
votsemenl and Mb development 
assured. Previous legal experi- 
ence not rasenluL Please M4 01- 
409 1252 The Work Shop. 

ing advertWng company 

require a protatatamf secretary 
bo work wttn their Head ot 
Finance. A cenddenlial and 
Invotvtnq post Hon liKt uding 
anautan g finance for fesuvals. 
trips etc. you shook! nave WP 
tuts, good shorthand and fig- 
in typing ability. Please 
telephone 01-493 5787 Gordon 
Vales Constaiancy- 

UTCBAU.T a lop Senior PA pasL 
pu blis hers Wl n ee d ing unpec- 
cnbie French and MeaHy some 
SwahOl/Bamu language. Busi- 
MH experience essendaL Rtag 
Polyglot Agency 247 6242. 


have 3 exciting onpo tar the 
above wen known co^. Urgent- 
ly seeking c/I secs A 2 nd 
Jobbers c .18600 Phone MBA 
730 1062. tAgyj 
ITALIAN SFK sec tar Marketing 
Dtp* of ini CHy hank. C/taaxer 
considered. £8300 ♦ perks. 
M inu w Chip Agy (Thf Lan- 
guage SpecuhSH! 01-636 1487- 
LOSURE OROUP, PtacadDly. reg 
St Sec for Otrvctor. Stale of me 
An rgupmcni. Age 19+ Free 
lunch. To £8.500 Woodhousc 
Rec Cons 01-404 4646. 

AUMO SEC college leqver/2nd 
Jobber for West London proper- 
ty coc C7SOO Call 01-657 
5277 Tina Meta a Pines lAgyj. 
DANWM speaking 

transaUor/secrrtaty lo Invcsl- 
nwni Manager Oty CP. £neg Ol 
404 4854 carref our Agy 
MD. 90/56. Fun use of your 
languages. £12X00 + perks. 
Link language Aopts M647U 

WBUSMNQ People! The bet 
secretarial pass through 
Count garden Borraii. no 
Fleet St EC4 563 7696 

Uvu-inlMSI / 1 VIH5T for SP- 
kcllors near Trafalgar Square. 
Salary CJC7JSOO pa. Pirate 
phone 836 8176. 

EEtCWMION MUM Needs hefflar 
to took after lour year old gin. 
Centra* ta m p on . Tel: Ol 928 
1602 taffer 8 JOO D.nO 

BflCRNAIKMAL Coosulttag 
firm in the CRy veeta brtgbl and 
friendly Indtvtdual to angst 
with lunch service. coHre/tea 
service, mtscrtlaneous err a nds 
and Clean up. Professional ap- 
pearance and ■ d eme anour 
required. EJKeuent phone man- 
ner is a plus- Call Mbs Ledbetter 
on Ol 574 6422 


MAWAH EXP MAMrtr fnrpn l 1 ': 
years 04 Nursery dunes only. 
Previous clienL Super lob Sal: 
S 800.00 pm tax free. Tele- 
phone 01 5B4 9523 9 to 530 
pm ft 01 584 8037 for 24 nr 

MONTE CARLO £100 pw tax 
tree Namty rvoiared for 2 chil- 
dren. Other vacancies ta 
Switzerland. Italy & London. 
Fry Staff CHBidianK. Aider- 
shot. Tel 025? 315569 
week tiffl. Central Kmdon. car. 
ms* can Eaton Bureau 01 997 


Seuf-deaenea chvacter rouso. 3 
btoroonVWC. Fn% Med MBMfi/ 
breakfast monr range et sofed oaf 
mil and bose mas. Zonus»o«an 
and gas nw mbi dxvaaornocxL 
Begam inaige laanimg tog^Bea 
gas ha Oeing loom Ctaauoom. 

Large svxJy GCH Uatute rear 
gatdari astro* lOO'eiaoaao tu 
how gardens. OH street portang lor 
2cers Recently refcapanea and 
mod e rrtaeawaiwY ta ftt MN i iiw g. 
Converaendy saotad it tlhs mop 
sougm alter ucam. jusi c« me 
market place. cx»sa n> snops end 

Tat 01 455 3736 


OAR VOXAGE Vtrtonao 
&/ Detached house. 5 due beds. 
2 ipe reevps. fined ut. adjoining 
o/iast rut. 2 baths. GCH. taun 
drv rm. cellar Newly decorated 
reiai rang ongmal fralum. lil- 
ted cult throughout Bon 
garden, outside WC. £178:000. 
TelOl 733 3824 

CHALET GrtL» wanted tar wtov 
ter won 86/87 In French 
Alps Please phooe Snowline: 
01-836 3257. 

Couple £300 pw net 
Chetaea. experien c ed ip prtvale 
service wuhexcellnil reft Own 
S/CflaL Stuane Bureau Ol 730 
8122 flef. 830018 

lettliig Agents reaulre a setr-mo- 
Uv4led and commiastotv 
orimiated Negotiator for busy 
of Car. Tet Ol 581 6136 

Htt TURKEY CAM gw Solo 
aura? Intan] . Own aeeomroo- 
nanon. Staanc Bureau Ol 730 
8122 Ref. 862163 

TAIWAN - £288 pw net. Noraty. 
30+ . anr boy. ttavd abroad. 
Tog refs only. Lalon Bureau 01 
997 3029 

teHMM speaking chalet guts 
wanted for Aihtru this wtaur 
irasaii. Tel Ol 602 J A2A. 


•MBA VALE Three beds., two 
reeeps.. on* dnuno. two bath- 
rooim. tanazL First doss large. 

first floor n*L SoPdnnflham 
Court, long lease. £1B4JX» in- 
cluding funuswngs. For omck 
sale call Sam on 01 9369993 m 
935 7062 unyUmeJ 

m (tan os and wen find ymr 
Meal home, pnerean Rush 
Property Search 0» 741 7187 

WANTED Menorca Villa is bed. 
oeoll We wish to meet others lo 
share on co-ownership basts 
Why nol peg the con of your 
holidays now? Many other ad- 
vantages Reply to BOX AOS . 

JUS HE ■84 Bren, sage Meen. bjs- 
cun hide, fun g»K t iw wiB , 
new tyres, very gooocondfflon. 
£16.960. Tol Ol 722 5740. 




variety of WH receive a flexible work schedule at a 

channo J/iS? businesses - Good, weekly pay. Fringe benefits. Plus, the 
absrdt rtJi? word processing and other computerised office skills. 

absolutely free. wwssng 

RncJ out more. Call us now. 

© MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

rempon n 5idil Spcculr 

n : uf cr.avef.^a senice 


Wtege may have bean fun 
.1 when you leave there are 
nig decisions to be made. 

on the type of 
compan y to jom can 
datamnw whether fife 
to be fun and 
“^resting as it becomes 
tmanddfy tenanting. Slzrt 
IQ to £9.000. Many of our 
cfarts are m the P.R.. 
hubfishing. Marketeig, and 
Property businesses and 
need bright Cofiege Leavers 
«hti sbwthand/lyptng skins. 


A mareefious ctonce to help 
a new venture take off. This 
exciting new company 
dfiliated to a well-known 
advertong agency has great 

plans for the future and 
would like a bright young 
secretary to work for the 
M.D. aid his team. Working 
in lovely Covent Garden 
offices you'll be given every 
encouragement to become 
involved. Good typing is 
needed, but shorthand, 
though useful, is not 
essentoL Age 21-25. 

to £12,500 

This Brergetic and motivated 
Executive needs an organ- 
ised and socially confident 
PA to match lam. He 
company is involved m alt 
kinds of leisure pursuits, 
including spurts, musical 
events and conferences and 
he knows that a professional 
PA with superb slate is 
essential to las business. If 

you can confidently deal with 
v.l.P's aid uk your mrtianve 

v.l.P's aid uk 
telephone us. 


/«*aAL STRESS 1 ^ 

■fc>wm*3re 3S1S rnariA 

Whw rn - m 3S5 

m -379 3515 rateffiB 


Two manor dnom an 
otanq for an waste P A urth 

loolang lor an 
Bar Mint Do wUmg to wort on 
WP. bo a non-wnoMr and 
taw b good same ot humour. 


La™, prasnous Wl toad 
proceny bo. wok PA/S tic. n 
work m tar young and 
rensnsne Roscnral 
Country Housn Oat*. 
Ocpcztman to mot 
propanies or if» market. Lois 
ol ckam ttson. AcaraM 
I non. wnw audo ana SH 


We are seeking a senior secretary with PA potential for the 
President of MED. a research institute working on third 
world envffonment and development issues. 

Experienced at Director level proven ability to work under 
pressure and to deadlines required, tout first rate 
secretarial and word processing skills will contribute to 
backup of major fund raising initiatives and public 
awareness of IIED's activities through production of 
speeches and articles, as well as day to day liaison with 
senior management team. 

Salary £10,000. 

Please write to; 


3 Endstewh Street 
London WCIH ODD 


B io*n to. based m 
it are looking ft* di 
nwo Receononsi . 
DM more a wet I 
oJfena and psvrai; 
»ge2i+. » 

lad candidates Jj 
qM contact H 
v CWy. (Agy) ff 

amount nog 




01-734 6652 

As PA to one of the top designers in this field your 
role will not only be that of a secretary but organiser 
and complete right hand. You could be helping with 
PR one and organising a photographic shoot 

the next! Bags of energy and excellent skills (100/60) 


01-499 8070 


£ 9*000 

Wine tasting, 
marketing and 
promotional _ 
opportunities are just 
three aspects of this 
lively and interesting 
job when working for 
the Marketing 
Manager of t his 
prestigious wine co. 
Pref 2nd jobber with 
good skills. 


(Rec Cons) 

22 South Motion St. Wl 

629 3692 629 5580 

Sprechen Sie Deutsch? 
SURREY - £10,000 

M sJkt.UK Mart 1 Goran C ato aw indn n Oar M rt 

ewil Hi Mra agg Owaar ixw wrto a» onmaxal PA nl» s* aso 
*™ P*wred + wnnsw. ■ Goran b jwt IMw-mgn or in 
ci «® M Mrtng lor awe yan n Gonaif Bra re rend Iteton* 

ran m EsM prewar**. ant a imu + h» am fereg (GO ran 
«• Anna CM taw an 408-1631. 

Middleton Jeffers 




Private Secrctary/Giri Friday required by group of 
busy Barristers in friendly commercial chambers in 
the Temple. Good shorthand and tvping, common 
sense and sense of humour essential. Clean driving 
licence an advantage. 

Apply in writing with C.V. to BOX Bll. 

busy Barristers in friendly cor 
the Temple. Good shorthand 
sense and sense of humour o 


Young bright secretary 

for college to work lor 
one of the Principals. 
Varied duties including 
personnel records, 
arranging and attending 
new students 

introductory meetings 
and helping with tne 
general administration 

of the college. Salary 
dependmq on age and 

depending on age and 
experience between 
£7 ,5 00 -£9,500. 

Ring Courtfidd 
242 0081. 


A busy, demanding & 
involved PA position to 
dynamic Marketing Dir. 
Organise promotional 

production teams, travel 
to laboratories. A career 
Step! Stalls 100/50 + WP 



G £12£00 

Fas) exporting pubBc 
rotations company soaks 
Administrative PA tor 
Chatman. Varied admm 
content responsible lor all 
entertaining and frequent 
attendance at press 
conferences and cocktail 

01-583 1034 

Meredith Scott 

17 Hfti Sl. GC4Y ISA ) 

Ttb OI-SSJ lOJe/MSS y 

£ 10,000 

International Company 
seeks enterprising 
secretary with marketing 
knowledge to get to the 
top. Become totally 
involved with client 
projects. KioeDent stalk. 
Phone Suzanne 

01-602 3012 


CHAIRMAN FA c£ 12,500 

Expanding Wl in rastewn i Co. seeks educated, swaafty 
c onfident PA 28+. o c casi o ns good an/lwnd. typmg. 
p rofes si on a l approach, adopt t efephona a and dents. 


Team member mid 20's tor go-ahead SWS PA. Wed 
educated, no eh/hand. good typing, au fait, hi-tech. 


20fcsh, well presented, ready tor action. Phonos, client 
hoeo«3»Wy. good typing and assikmce to MO stnsfl 
to rosu nenl do. Wl. 


PuMc School a d tcMBd. charm, efficiency, teem spirit 
secures aper job In SW1 Vinters. 90/65 WP (wffl x-tram) S 
weeks hols. 

• (wtt x-tram) S 




RECRUITMENT CCVSUEDWTS - 21 fr unpm Arcadtt IfntglmteidgB 5W3 

If you have excellent 
typing (50+ wpm), 
are willing to ham 
W.P. and be very 
happy to Tile, answer 
pbonc and generelly 
work as part of a 
small team then this 
could be a unique 
opportunity. Age 
20+. £9,000. 

Vo'wau « | 



If you have accurate 
typing, can use a 
telex and answer a 
Herald switchboard 
in both French and 
ppgiixh then call 
oowi Beautiful offices 
located in Genual 
London. Age 20. 
£7,500 to £8,000. 

of Bond St. 

(feauitmeni Consultann 
Kg Si IwfeNfiMM/ 

of Bond SL 

Rec nitawt Con, uiunn 
Hi JS IwtoiifiMMr 


Consulting Engineers and young computer company 
In Putnay seeks experienced PA/sec to work for two 
Managing Directors with excellent shorthand/ 
typing/tefex/word processing. 

Applicants should be prepared to accept ftaxtirie 
working hours and should be wWmg to be involved 
in a variety of office tasks whenever necessary. 
Salary £10.000*. 

Please cal for interview Iks. Ante Skipper 
- on 01-870 1253. 


J oin an elite learn of secretaries working for an 
extremely high flyinx enireoreneur. Soend 

w extremely high flying entrepreneur. Spend 
most of the year travelling the worid assisting your 
boss. His interests indude oil. shipping and hone 
breeding. Enjoy a TAX FREE SALARY of £9.000 
and generous expenses with the luxury of staying 
in the top international hotels. I0Q/60 skills 

needed. Age 23-28 and non-smoker. Please 
telephone 01 240 3531. 

Elizabeth Hunt 

RecrudmenlConsuftorfs — 

B Groswencx Sheet London Wl 


Private Secretary 
to the High Master 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified, experienced 
ca nda dlcs for this Locereaisx post as Secretary /Personal Anisum 
in » large independent Day School ( 1450 boys). Salary according 
to qualifications and experience. Applications, wnh full 
CURRICULUM VITAE, and the names of 2 referees, should be 
sent as soon as possible to Tbe High Master from whom further 
details may be obtained. 



For Mayfair 
commercial property 
company. Interest- 
ing varied work. 
Salary negotiable. 
Write with full c.v. 

Company Secretary, 
12 QaeeH Street, 
W1X 7PL 


MD of Latin American 
division of ma|or 
insurance brokers seeks 
personal sec who would 
co mbine position or 50/S0 
base wNti translations 
worn. S/H not essential 
Age 22 -K 
Mta 1 years exp. 

"Q-0 Paragon Language 
■ Consultants r ' in-580 7056 


executives of Inter na ti on al 
Bar*. Wfl cross tram on Wang 
word processor. Varied duties 
working as part of We team. 
E x ceBant benefits wnen 
mtfude staff canteen, sp ortmg 
and socw l feoMws. Good 
promotion popscis. 

For In te rview lefe p he ne 

01-937 6525 


(Recruenont ConouSama) 


£11,000 BASIC 

Young, dynamic firm 
of soiicitors needs 
exp’d person 22 + for 
Irtigstton/conv. Unique 



Contact Justine 
01-631 0875 

£10,000 PA 

Secrclary/Assiaanf to head of 
Design Orpnwfeon Cteisea 
Speeds at SO hpmg and SO 
saentund and s om e word 
ttfocesung expenence pnriered. 
Los ol ntefestng admn and 
dam contact, press releases 
Start discount and iw«« 

For Inferetew Tel Veronica 
Lapu on 01 937 652S 



Wen educated capable 
secretary sought by 
reputabta City Brokers. A 

great amount ot mitiativa and 
rfiptomacy needed to support 

2 busy Directors Orga 
lunches. VIPs. Board 

meetmes. etc. 90/60 speeds. 
Fuffifltng PA rote. 

FuMBtog PA role. 
Mrs Hay, Acme Apps, 
88 Crnmon St, EC4. 

01-623 3883. 





PR & Advertising 

\Ck are searching for a young new team 
member for a bright ascending star In the 
advertising world. \bu must be prepared 
to cackle anything and everything and be 
happy to work in an unstructured 
environment with young frantically busy 
people. The successful candidate will have 
good typing, some short- hand and plenty 
of initiative. Super prospects with this 
outstanding, go-ahead company Salary 
c£9.000 + perks. Call coda* 01-493 5787. 


Remamm Cuwiicam 



£11,000 + 

Senior secret a ri es are 
urgently needed by Stella 
Finer to SB tbe vacancies 
we haw for people of 
janr raiibre. Excellent 
secretarial lUb inr 
Shorthand and the 

area must to 
:se very senior 
Oreon for an 




Tb provide a foO 
administration support 
rule to tbe trataing 
staff of this highly 
successful compoter 
consuhancy in WL 
pvrrilent communicaton 
gViUn . and initiative 
combined with good 

wffl ensure a busy day 
with a friendly young 
team. Ideal age 21 - 28. 

/ a 


Wish to recruit BI LINGUAL AUDIO SECRETARY with 
good Italian to work for an Italian l awyer in connaar and 
wi m n^wi l department. Shorthand n wl legal experience not 
required. Wo^dbei^nirad to <nerate AES wonl processor 
but will ct obb train. Typing speeds about TO wpm. Possibility 
of overtime. 

In return we offer a good salary related to age and experience, 
LVs. 9 JO - 5 JO. modern air conditioned offices near to 
Southwark Bridge. Close to Ganwow Street and Bteckfriare 
BR & tube stations. 

Please apply to 
Mbs J D Green, Wilde Septa, Qw 
60 Upper Thrones Street, L< 

01-288 3050. 


PERSONNEL c£10^00+ mtg. 

Due to expansion a bright young secretary is 
needed to work for two personnel officers in 
this well-known British Merchant Bank. Tbe 
successful candidate will become thoroughly 
involved in all aspects of personnel, including 
arranging interviews and liaising with members 
of the Bank at all levels. Age 22-26. Speeds 



35 Braton Place Wl. 014937789 

JUUniOUS GHIHM spsrting ssostey, sariy ZtTs to anrii ta ms 
dorernnffl of HitErnztiorol bank. Fkiant German raquirad. Typmg t 
Bank paries. Salary c £10.000. 

COtDIRXIfTy IRWSS seeks ipkxnatic hf-feojof semtart wttr Oast 
Spams It and good mrttng tonntadge of French Goal slmfenl typing 

Spamstiand^. , . .. . 

sMfls to wxf in sugar dapartroni L Salary c ES JOB. 

MTBtfUTIOIIAL BMK seeks tti-fingual secretay for eouibM dapartmsnt 
PreteraWy «wh ItaTan but Gbdbi or French consalsred. Early 20*6. bank 
parks, saaiy negooaUe. 

SECRETARY with tfcxrt Itafian required by inw na t ionil banters. Good 
u i gjaM d un al skfls anlti stum wad procossar expowiCB. Salary 
tnarenun E10X. 


46 Maddox Street. London Wl. 

£8,000 + Benefits 

Jureor aac. 18-20 (or Cottoge 

Marcfiaiit Bank BC2. to assist 
young Mcrotary to look after 
nay MO ot dopL 

Te £9,000 + Benefits 

Secretary. Z2-40, NO 
SHOFTTHAM), accurate typ- 

lirn/WP. Look after smal depi 
of| promlnert Merchant Bank 
I WC2. 

To H BJIOB ■ f Bewffls 

90/S0. with good present- 
ation, a flav for PH, organtstno 
abtitf and OkscSar-tevef 
experience. New position, 
^ramment htarchant Bank 


Pfioao 457-1476 or 734-37U 
Bee Cans. 133 (Mari Street. 

£94» TO £18,000 

tefta admin srereort u a 
ftotetjw wi fidto omk 
praraaoa. te! your typng 
rarely ml tint on coonMer. 
tewaroe ejqpaneoee or snfar 



E10.KXJ+ for sec/pa (Ena- 
fish mother tongue) with 

charisma. Someone quietly 
efficient, good sh/typ W wot 
for Senior man in weB known 
wine company in Mayfar, 
teppy^afrnbsptiere. Age late 

Can Mrs Bfzafl&M 
01-222 5091 
Norma Skerry 
Personnel Services 
(Opp Si Jams Pat bbe). 

Cal Lynn Left 

Sfctf tewdRI fj n fi 
TEL: 01-4086851 



Phone 437-0476 O 734-3788. 1 
Bee Cobs. 133 Oxford Street. 


require a secrotwy/WP to 
work in busy a OaSn office. 
Varied, interesting duties. 
Please phone 837-2660 
for further details. 





wwmi * A*-! 

a. ***. 

. ... \ - v 4riMlf; . .. 


- :r 

(<*£«■ won! pr ocess* * 

^We as to hou« and oversew travel. 

aoa -smoker. 

- w i 

awx MR 

. t , f aXiiJS## 

..w *t4«V- 
t. rj f^~ -pH 


Salary £10^50. S«aoo tidret tam 

To apply Please sendyaur^ together a 
ill'll cooanng letter to. 

** , 

i;,- ■ 

coper*'** — 

No agendo*- 

\ dun* 



’ll to 


-% .-r .KKSK ■ 

--.r V.I 'SfiSS- 

. j... r (wrIS^ • 


High calibre role for a skilled secretory read yto 
take a step up. The compony rs Wfesf-tno based, 
young but wefl-esfobtoM in investment consul- 
tancy. As * right-hand ' to their exceptional 
young MO you mil enjoy scope and considera- 
ble autonomy in handling personnel and 
general admin matters. Good skills (90/80) 
essential although typist provided. Age 2S-30. 
Please call 01-493 4466. 


■a . — 

•: ... - • 

Eggm /: lJ£R 



£8,000 to £9,200 

Graduate required to assist lively rese arch 
group in a variety of ad mini strative, 
secretarial and publishing work. Suit 
someone requiring foil-time work but 
flexible hours; interest in computers an 
advantage. Further details and application 
form available from: Mrs P Harwood, 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Lincoln’s 
Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PX quoting 
reference no: 19/87. 


rv * 

• •••», • .I.--- 

A leading Sales Promotion Consultancy has 
vacancies for two first class secretarial positions. 

maSemen^onment and an excellent 
remuneration package. 




To handle the recratarial load tat four buoy Account Managwo. 
Good ahorthand and haL accurate typing (100/60) o re wnfnri 


(AGED 25+) 


od odmtiim. strong penonality and exreflenl recrrtarial 

i (100/601 an requited to awixt the Managing Director in 

all oopeeta of Cono|Mny fHin 

•-v'--. — — : T-“- -rWt 

v iay-ttff 

their C.V’s in confidence to Storohnnfw Astrinsky, 
faaff Hmw * Arevnire, 22 StffiAeBaoo Way, 
London Nwl 2HD. 


Secretary required for busy Sales department of large 
conference production company good Shorthand and 
typmg essential plus ability to work on own. 

Good prospects. 

Salary £94NKU» + 

Ring 01 740 4444 

- — • **-.• ■■*** aft- ^ 

• ' %w»- ItWWt jp. 


* • ■- • *> ^ 

' »'■ At ' 
'• - ! ^ 

•"* n ^ (k xus*. 

f* - re 




You combine good 
French and/or 
Flonish with 
banking or related 
experience as well as 
SH/typing + WP 
skills. You will 
handle your own 
correspondence and 
enjoy a high degree 
of customer contact. 
Age 25-30. 



Mui is not t\ 

l rcorchv it 

You combine a 
track record in 
with sound 
shorthand and WP 
skills as admin 
assistant and 
secretary to the 
admin director of 
an American bank 
in Sl James’. 

Age 30’s. 

* *-*a 

City 3778600 
Wat End 439 3001 

Secretaries Plus 

cay S» 9600 

WfenEnd 4997001 

nrSeortalol Cm^hnn I 

Secretaries Phis 



•=> - •- , 



tatematiofu) Estate 
Agents mu seeking a 
young enthusiastic pereon 
for ttner Kensington office. 
Typing and admin duties 
are req; good telephone 
manner essential. 1 B+. 

CaH Moorae (tee Cots. 
81*370 1562. 

lra*er wouM be Meal livTffi 
w ipw/wa oHicf of treuor 
S/te rrauirra 

te, . EOO Uah. Salary C7JSOO 

£8.000. UrnenT 

rarancy-PAWAdON lano 

COMS. Ol 860 7066. 

WEST EMB Estate Aaras raouuv 
Dan-tuiM Mc/nraotialor. neu 
hours. Tel: 457 9131. 

MTEUieCHT ■ hard wprvim 
Owmji required ro work for m 
months in Barrblera Cfumberc 

on 9<*n*Tal duties, nil achaai 
kaiB- walling lo go ug to Uid- 
^^100/120 gw T« U & 


' isa* 


The Times Classified 
cal am ns are read by 13 
million of the most affluent 
people in tbe conn try. The 
following categories 
appear regnlariy each 
week and are generally 
accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coupon (right), and find 
on! bow easy, fast and 

economical it is to 

advertise in The Times 



Education: University 
Appointments. Prep & Public 
School Appoint menu. 
Educational Courses. 
Scholarships and Fellowships, 

La Crrine de la Creme and other 
secretarial appointments. 


C o mp ute r Horizons: Computer 
Appointments with editorial. 
Legal Appointments: Solicitors, 
Commercial Lawvcrc. Legal 
Officers. Private & Public 

Legal Lb Crtta* for lop legal 


Pwtriic Sector Appointments. 


La Creme de la Crane and other 
secretarial appointments. 
Property: Residential. Town A 
Country. Overseas. Rentals, with 

An tiques and CoUectabfes. 


General Appointments: 
Management and Executive 
appointments with ediioriaL 
La Cr&ne de hi Create and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Motors: A complete car buyer's 
guide with editorial. 

Business to Business: Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with ediioriaL 

Restaurant Guide. (Monthly) 

RRin the coupon and attach it to your advertisement, written on a lenaraie 
piece of paper, allowing 28 tetters and spaces per line. «paraie 

- — — --r— per line. 

Rates are: Linage £4 00 per line (min. 3 lines); Boxed Display £23 n*r «i M t* 
column centimetre: Court A Social £6 per lint All rates subject io 1 5% V^T 

Sod to: Sbiffcy Mmjofe. Grapp Classified Advotbraient 
Newspapers LaL, POBm 84, Virginia Street, London El 9 




Oraraess and UK Hotidans 

ViRas/CoOages. Hotels. Frights 

^ ****** 


Telephone (Daytime) Dale of insertion 

(Please allow three working days prior w insertion dale ) 
Use your Access, Visa. Am ex or Dfoers ar g llm 


. • 


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&RIAL cancer 
search fund 

scretary I 

,000 to £9,200 i 

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Fouroux, the Iron Man, is not for turning 

Bfcom GentM Darks, Nutes 
la apart then b no neb sfcfeg as iti* 


the brand is not anceofarfly tfcrt rf the 
oncoming train. 

Apeat mm nbaenen who had ante 
™ way fin* Tarim HUm ntktt 
be fcrpra far toinlringthrt then was 
not nch he»e at the fa* of the backs. 
The Frtach ton viewed Krtateendy in 
making the ne tick. 

The eternal ftarinrtlwi or anr game, 
*hfchever«ae in yoar printer ancy, te 
pat victory can often go, tkrokfidlt, in 
the least expected of way*. Why bother » 
tnm ap otherwise. 

Jahangir n^ l j. 

Fonronc his is amktkm ragby 

France’s china-shop bull is 
harnessed to the plough 

steads die dflenma of the pbteBg of too 
mach advanced ae ss work. He was 
beaten by Roes Nonaan, a New Zta* 
last Swday, and whose on 
this weekend, hr co n vers e 
w01 Iqmw to ignore what might 
appear to be the ohms assoaptioas 

Which for them, in (hehr owa carf- 
aertiy practical foshioa, is raretj the 
case anyway. Bat they wfl! have been 
saan than surprised by the feaadons 
mergence of France's resolve. 

From dtf first hrternatiottal h Too* 
bale the baiV as the cfiche has if, ms 
destined to ztazaia in France^ coart. The 
Tftpnarf had to come fins them with 
New Zealan d, a week ago. having 
•arrived afl that France had taeffor in 

the first half onslaught and gotag on to 
overcome French porter in the p* 

France were then a «"«*^ itwn y ijwd 
team. Brian Lochore, the AS Black 
ceach, had said that they had achieved 
what they wanted to achieve^ In other 
words, that they had so tipped the 
balance, tactically and psychologically, 
m their fimmr by the cod that franco 
wonld have to draw on aa exceptional 
reserve of strength of character, and the 
■»“» of their pin, to restore even n 
modicum of eqafifonam. 

The French character, ever voiatae 
and teiupaamenlal, cn pose more of a 
problem and bring its gn fl a pn rp to bear, 
far gaod or 31, than anything which can 
he detendaed by thdr tadks. They am 
eftea be their own worst 4 

From David Hands 

Rogby Correspondent 


New Zealand . 



Laps of honour occur infre- 
quently in rugby matches but 
the glee on French feces as their 
players trotted round the 
magnificent Bcatgmre aadi m ^ 
here on Saturday explained 
everything. Many of thwrt had 
swapped jerseys with their New 
Zealand opponents before 
accepting the hoots of delight 
from more than 40,000 people, 
which was fitting because they 
had played fike Afl Blacks. 

Fiance won a brutally hard 
gladiatorial contest by a goal, a 
try and two penalty goals to a 
penalty. They stripped their 
rugby of all pretensions, 
adopted a dauntwgty simple 
plan and stuck to it with 
uncharacteristic rad At the 
same time they overcame the 
psychological superiority which 
New Zealand have (20 wins in 
24 encounters before Saturday) 
and the disappointment ofTou- 
Ictuse a weeteariier in a mann er 
in which 1, for one, thought 

The French bull no longer 
rampages around the china 

h has 

been harnessed to the plough 
and we must wait to see 
whether, in thejprocess, we have 
lost something meflabiy French, 
the intuitive magic we have 
come to expect. Hie Query that 
remains over Saturdays splen- 
didly s us t ai ned and committed 
football is wheiberthey can do it 
consistently or whether dis- 
appointment, pride and passion 
combined to elevate them just 
this once. 

The French scrum was the 
base for everything. Ond&rts, 
the newcomer, looks an nn- 

mensdy pow er f ul pbyer and 
this time New Zealand no 
answer. Not once did the t»0 
move far from the forwards; 
Mesnel, a running stand-off 
half r digi ously kicked every- 
thing high into the windless air 
or Beriaer ferreted away round 
the fringes, releasing the fero- 
cious Rodriguez or Champ on 
driving, battering runs.* 
Condom andLocieux, in the 
first half; achieved heights on 
the Hneout they have not pre- 

play (he is normally a No. 8) but 
be may become one of die great 
AU Blacks. 

There were penalties from 
Berot and Crowfinr at the end of 
a first half the She of which 
could not at pwrent, be re- 
produced in Britain. There were 
sour interveapcms from the 
Welsh touch judges for foul play 
(one of which led to Growtey’s 
goal) as players placed their 
bodies cm as American 

footballers do but without the 

viously reached and so it contin- 

ued, the toed AH Blacks soaking hdte linger in the memory, 
up die pressure un til finally the one by Green on Rodriguez, the 

p ro te ctive padding. Two great 
par in the 

bodies, if not the hearts, could 
take no more. 

It is the end of a long, 
traumatic season fin* New Zea- 
land rugby. Several of their 
players went into tins game 
carrying injuries and two of 
them, Whetton aid Sbettbcd, 
(fid not last the cours e . Both 
went off dining the third quar- 
ter, Whetton with riawn^d 
ankle ligaments, Stretford whb 
concussion (which brought on 
Boroevich, a prop, to play lode). 

R did not afffcct the outcome, 
though the final «hm y might 
have been less, nor did die tour 

mm ^p iMBt malm an y SScfa 

riaim as their inQwmiftn record 
slipped away. 

I doubt if many All Black 
sides have been so badly beaten 
for possession. They bad noarea 
of control, they were limited to 
two tricks at goal add throughout 
the match bad only three (long 
range) try-scoring opportunities. 
That they turned round level at 
3-3 made a nonsense of the 
te ntori al -advantage contrived 
by France; Berot missed four 
Mesnel two dropped 
goats and Rodriguez was denied 
a try by the referee: 

Nevertheless New Zealand 
offered at least one hero in the 
21-year-old Brewer, who fad an 
i mM a wlinj daftll S IVC i game- He 
is still' fanning about finer- 
national rogby and bfafafe 

byG _ . 

other by Kirk on Beibmec. 

In the second half every All 
Blade mistake was merdfesriy 

p unished, afas 

dearances and finding some 
huge . touch-kicks. New Zea- 
land's waning strength was 
encapsulated by Charvet’s try 
when a New Zealand scrum five 
metres out lost control and 
Stone could doc tidy up the 
loose baff as the French centre 
swooped like a hawk for the 

ytotr, looks 

Pearce faces a lay-off 

The England rig* W a d prep, 
Gary Pearce, faces m wo rth le pg 
bv-off after dtouifatt ntt 
ligaments in Northampton’s In- 
cal derby with Bedford <m 
Saturday. * 

Pearce, aged 30, capped 27 
rimes, limped off after only Six 

“I have an idea how it 
happ ened ," Pence said. “I fek 
my right knee go when I came 
ronad the bade Of a Hnaert." 

Pearca^ -E ngland ** 

-tpaksed forward. — 

“My real fear b that I aadd be 
art for over a msnth, bat I wfll 
knewmerc shulkwiaatfe 

time with the divisional 
championship looming tod 
England's hnB+ap far the 1 
! aa wan." 

■ The second try, fiifiginy rime, 
fefl to Lorieux from a tapped 
penalty 10 metres out and even 
then New ZmImmI rose from 
their lmees and neatly worked 
Hobbs over. 

Clive Rowlands, manager of 
the Wetafa Worid Cup squad and 
one of the large continent 
p res e nt from Wales, offered the 
opinion that the French had 
given the northern h em isphere 
hope for ri it World Cup next 
year by proving the New Zea- 
landers to be mortal. 

Bat French rogby at die 
p re sen t is not British rugby of 
six months' time and there 
young AD Blacks will rise re- 
freshed in May. The work that 
the four home commies have to 
do is as dear as a silver fern on a 
Mack backg ro und. 
dopant rhk tree carom. 

LoriauX. C o n-H aw : BSrot NWht 

Berot ft. Nw. Mm* Pm*: 

Crowtoy. . 

fMNCfc S ■■■tin Nnl4: P M 
Maw4 p w» (AqBrjTD c ra vnt (You- 
1 mMTk n M itggouiouswKP ams 
madnp CkOk P MtWar M P 


A Urimoc (Mx-MM-J 
( tonta), P b toS ft. 

■ fMnndmsirias^. • 

iSMcDo— SjAuddpxqjs 

knA J CfawkW (Aubk- 

M Phm 


„ J Hohfcs CCmrowty, 


Fnronx, as coad, had his plans set 
for the first imenzatiosal and ahimafoly 
in rimt game they were found to be 
wanting. A change, therefore, was what 
might have been on the cards. 

Bat an hour of ' uncompromising 

<i r n m ms g ru g aw Tharalay iirtb- wtwl that 

■etfcfflx of the sort sboedd be articipatad. 
So, if Fouroux, the Iren Mn of French 
ragby, was not for taming, and the tactics 
were to remain the same, he had to 
impose his own m*— iHug wiQ on the 
c h aracter of those in haefarge. 

They were not to drift Erma their 
purp ose and nor aDow for a in 

mood. Tactics was one tiring, to pot steel 
into their unpredictable dander was 
another altogether different matter. 

That he succeeded in g etting ids 

charges to recover from the seme jott 
tbeir morale had received in Toulouse is a 
mark of Us ii"— **” Influence. His is 
conviction rugby, conviction that all 
mgby stems from the raw power of their 
forwards. Complete domination is 
everyth ing. 

Nantes Is a long way from Pontypool 
but there is very little that separates the 
French style of rugby now from that 
<m«n town. 04? w golden dopes at 
that town’s park were misting. 

New Zealand foiled to cope with a 
heavy bombardment, Barely our they 
have had so little possession, randy can 
they have spent so long in defence. Yet a 
defence that failed to cnunMe until very 
late in the game. 

Harlequins prey 
on Oxford flaws 

By Gordon Allan 

Oxford Unr 



Toedi d w m from the man who touched new heights for Frances Lnrienx scores in in ^aiy tim e 

Yorkshire Old hands punish 
leave lot to impetuosity 

Northampton are the only 
first class dub Oxford Univer- 
sity have beaten this season. 
Otherwise, despite fine in- 
tentions awrf much dnH, they 
have lacked die exper i ence to 
handle the burner men. 

It is a familiar story, to which 
another episode was added ax 
the Stoop ground cm Saturday 
when Harlequins won by three 
goals, three tries and three 
penalty goals to two tries and 
two penalties. The same Oxford 
team could face Cambridge., 
Only Kennedy, last year’s full' 
back was absent, with an ankle 
injury, but intends playing for 
fate college tomorrow. 

Oxford opened the march 
intent cm keeping the play away 
from the Harlequins forwards. 
But their efforts were unsuccess- 
ful as most of the time 
Harlequins tied them down in 

t«»/»V anH canned »h»»f OH»Mlh. 

Loveridge, the All Blacks scrum 
half knows that kind of game 
inqrff nut In his first full 80 
minutes for Harlequins he lived 
up to his reputation. 

Soon after the interval Harle- 
quins led 29-6 with tries by both 
wings. Halsey scored from a half 
break by Loveridge at a scrum. 
Davies, from the local Twick- 
enham dub, sped through five 
or six tackles to score. 

Ian McDonald crossed twee 
in five minute* to *aia- his tally 
of tries for Oxford this season to 

ten. InilyfkwrfBW ff . Qtfiwl 
for the third time in their last 
four matches, conceded a pen- 
alty try at a scrum on their fine. 
Salmon scored two tries for 

Harlequins, the second a barbar- 
ian effort t 

fturrcflf 80 

away. Rose kicked IS points for 

flw- m»tr+> 

Three Oxford f or w ar ds were 
injured during the mi>w * hi the 
first half Cou MacDonald sus- 
tained a cot eye but returned to 
the field after t reatmen t. In the 
second half Griffin the captain, 
twisted a hip and Crane ricked 
his neck. All hope to be fit to 
play against Stanley's XV on 

... . HrtMfBB 1 
Hshay, SHaman, Srtnon (2), pmBy try. 
Conwnkinr Rose (3). Penifeer hm« 

— . Qxfoni UMMnfty: TMn: f 

“ ~ :Risnro(Z>. 

M Rosed Halsey. J 
Sa l m o n , C Smith. E Davies; HsKhsr. D 
LowndosJ Ktagston,G Sharp. M H oMey. 
M BUnaroJ, wSttsmsn, R Lengtram, D 
Cooke, EWsskss. 

(Wsnngton CMsge and St Edmund HOfc 

Tt Vmw (Mapraen CS and Gman). *R 


MMkP Russel (London) 

Too little open John is not the toast at 

Treorchy celebration 

play andtoo 
much whistle 

In perfect conditions for open 
rugby Hawick beat Heiiofs 18-7 
on Saturday (fan M cJ aughl a n 
writes). Unfortunately, we saw 
very little in the way of the 
expansive game, or indeed of 
rugby, and Heard too much of 
the referee’s whistle as he 
stopped the game for every prtty 

Heriofs took the lead with a 
penalty by Hewitt Gass equal- 
used and minutes later Honors 
won a strike torinst the head to 
move the ball swiftly through • 
their backs for Wan to score. 

In the second halt Gass 
kicked penalties in 13, 27 and 39 
minutes with Nfcol scoring a try 
in the 32nd minute. Rae drove 
up the touch line and when 
stopped found his follow projt 
Nicol, on hand to dive over. : 
Gass converted to bring his 
personal total to 14. 

Watsbafems had their first 
I i-ngne win at Netherdale beat- 
ing Gala 36-0- Watsanians scor- 
ers were tries by Smith (2), Cohn 
Hunter (2), Wflspn Hunt er and 
Hastings. Carmichael tacx efl 
two penalties and two coovct- 
sions with Wilson Hunter odd- 

DyaC ttwptofew t 

Six second-half paints -from 
the boot of the Welsh B outside 
half John helped Cardiff 
weather a mighty Treorchf Cbal- 
fenge rod join the rest of their 
first clasC cmitemporaries in the 
second roohd of the Schweppes 

Centenary-celebrating s 
TteorchV were only one point 
adrift of the ettp htdttors at the 
interval and fit a game that 
happily never matched the 
. ferocity oftheif last encounter — 
when four players were sent off 
— they matched Cardiff ntody 
all toe way. . . . • . 

The visitors got a good start 
when the flanker Roberts took 
an inside pass from Hhmey to 
seme a try; then his back-nyw 
PPUft yne* Croibers an d Lakxn 
raved the way for the captrin, 
Phillips, to cross fbr a second. 

Treorchy hit ***** with* 
penalty from die fnO back, 
Jones, before their captain, and 
former Cardiff Centre, 
Hutchings, woo the. race for a 
loose baO to dafin a try. Took 
two scores kept the home fflde m 
contention until John strode 

after finding themselves 4-0 
down at the interval at Mffiord 

The halfbacks, OKs, with two 
tries, and Goldsworthy, with 11 
points from the boot, saved 
their bacoiv while EM m Yale 
had Thomas to thank for their 
narrow escape at Uartrimrt. 
Ebbw were behind until eight 
minutes from time a try by the 
right wing saved their blushes 
and gave them a 12-9 wkL 
Bridgend, too, had a fortunate 
escape at Vardre, where they 
came away with a 17-13 win, 
thanks to three penalties from 
the outside balf Wflfiams. 

At F arty pri dd an 80-yard 
interaction try by the wing 
JLoxtoo, put tbe home ode on 
the way to a 15-6 win over 
Ramey, white Purtypaol were 
forced to come from behind to 
beat Bedwas 33-2 (X 
Swansea’s . 22-4 victory at 
Tkedegar was marred by a 
serious shoulder injury to the 
Webb sk ipp e r and No, 8, 
Neath lost the 
with « 

be desired 

By Michael Stevenson 

Lancashire's commendable 
away victory over Dsrham (10- 
9) at West Hartlepool, has 
restored sdf respect but not 
altered the shape Of the North- 
ern Group of tbe Thorn EMI 
County OiamptqnshipL Yerk- 
shire (now favourites) must still 
beat Durham at Motley on 
.Saturday to be champions. 

If one recalls the masterful 
victory they registered in tbe 
Roses match, then current form 
must be totally befuddled if 
Durham are to win. But 
Yotkshire’s defeat of Cheshire 
at New Brighton (17-30), leav- 
ing them as the only un d e fea ted 
county in the Northern Group, 
was not entirely convincing. 
They led 10-7 at the interval bin 
competent goal-kicking might 
well have given Cheshire not 
only the lead but also victory. 

Jenion missed two e m in e n t ly 
kfckable first half penalty 
chances and four more went 
begg in g in toe second half two 
by Jenion and two by Jee. In 
Jenion's defence two of his kicks 
struck a post but his best goal- 
. kicking form might have coaxed 
Cheshire to victory. 

Yorkshire's first try was reg- 
istered with a bravura that was 
wholly lacking at KendaL Bent- 
ley broke, passing was wefl- 
timad and well-executed. Tbe 
result was that Harrison scam- 
pered in to score near the right 
corner flag; H Thomas scored a 
try for Cheshire just before half 
time, and penalties by Gray and 
Booth for Yorkshire and Jenion 
for the losers, accounted for the 
10-7 imervallead. 

By Bryan StOes 


_ 13 

The impetuosity of youth was 
punished by toe wily old hands 
of Leicester as they secured a 
win which would surely have 
gone to Wasps had they dem- 
onstrated the co m po sure of 
their opponents on Saturday. 

The wisdom of Hare, 
Cusworto and Younss. har- 
nessed to tbe coolness of theft- 
pack, carried than to victory by 
two tries, two penalty goals, one 
dropped goal to onegool, one try 
and one penalty goaL 

Andrew, Simms and Rigby, 
whose youthful skills promise so 
much in a talented Wasps side, 
cast aside opportunities that 
would have brought victory. 

Simms revealed his ability as 
a delightfully creative midfield 
player with three quite breath- 
taking runs in the crucial final 
stages, but be twice bungled 
what should have been try- 
producing passes. 

Rigby, who had played with 
plenty of dash, threw away a 
hard-won position dose to toe 
Leicester line near the end when 
Wasps appeared poised for toe 
maUto-winningtlmist. by charg- 
ing dangerously into a ruck. He 
was penalized, the position was 
lost and so were his team’s 

Andrew’s is the saddest case: 
He knew he was in for another 
of those unproductive days 
when be botched toe simplest of 
penalty kicks in toe seventh 
minute. As he bad missed four 

in toe previous ; 
against Bath, the kicking • 
were passed to Richardson who, 
inevitably, performed wdL 

Andrew's cause was not 
helped by toe erratic pasting of 
Pratt, but even -when he did 
receive a good pass he invari- 
ably lost his way in a thicket of 
opposing forwards, all too eager 
to swallow him afive. Andrew is 
too good for this personal 
nightmare to continue fbr long. 

The opening &tmbft had a 
familiar ring. Hare kicked a 
penalty goal and Cusworto a 
dropped goal, but then Wasps 
whirred around angrily, produc- 
ing nil their points m a frantic 18 
minutes with a penalty goal 
from Richardson, a try by Smith 
after an interception, and an- 
other by Minihan when 
Leicester’s midfield defence was 
weakened by the te m por ar y 
absence of Dodge. 

Richards. the outstanding fig- 
ure of the match, worked a neat 
back row move with Youngs to 
score Leicester's first try to 
reduce toe arrears to 13-10 at 
half-time. Hare kicked another 
penalty and Youngs secured the 
match- winning try. 

SOORStS; WlMpK-ntett Smtti. MnDm 
Ccnwa ni on: Fttchanfaoa Peart* Goafc 
Richardson. Lafcsrte Tries: Rfchards. 
Youngs. PMrtp C oi r. Hare (2J. 
Dropped OcrtCumatti. 

WASPS 0 R i c ha r ds on; S Sort. K 
Smart, R Lozowski, P MMhan; R 
A«*bw. N Pratt; P Rant* B Bowers, J 
M Wgr. c Pthnegu. J Booner. D 

Dodge. T BettMDre. R Underwood: L 
Cuswonh, N Yowgs; S Redtem. H 
Roberts. W HrtarSon, J Wafc. M 
F pujk ene Arn old, T Smith, R TebbutL D 

iJLiffle (London). 

McHardy fuels 
Blackheath fire 


Cambridge University— 0 
Blackheath. 14 

Cambridge are dearly relish- 
ing toe p rospect of starting tbe 
capital's university match 
against Oxford at Twi ckenham 
next month in the unaccus- 
tomed role of underdogs. 
Against BJadcheato at Grange 
Road on Saturday they did their 
best to confirm that impression 
when toting by a goal and two 
tries to mL 

The Chib, having broken 
Oxford resistance in the scrum- 
mage with a 27-10 victory at 
Ifley Road the previous week, 
set toe same examination for the 

Light Blues and although the 
visitors won all the possession 
so tenacious were the student 
forwards that they were unable 
to expand their game much 
beyond the maul 

Times have changed at 
Grange Road where forwards 
were always regarded as nec- 
essary evil in Cambridge teams 
that were packed with exciting 
runners. The current Light 
Blues rely heavily on a solid 
front five to cover deficiencies 

In a game that became bogged 
down in long periods of static 
forward {day the only strong 
running was provided by Hugh 
McHardy. the Blackheath 
scram half, who was never short 
of pace when he exploited gaps 
in bade row and mid-field 

He had kepi his side penned 
within five metres of the Cam- 
bridge line for the first 12 
minuter But four five-metre 
scrums fluted to break the 
deadlock. It was not until the 
ball was reluctantly tel out to the 
three-quarters that Blackheath 
scored with Doug Craig, the 
wing, entering from fiilMiadk to 
breach the defence and score for 
David Slater to convert 
Another hoar bad. dnpsod 
before Blackheath, .with 
McHar dy rod Slater missing 
five dose range goal attempts in 
the first IS minutes of the 
second halfr scored again, Ken 
Puidm skipping into the corner 
after a singe by the forwards. 

McHardy completed toe scor- 
ing when, he crossed toe line 
after receiving b quick ball fiotn 
Malcolm WiUden, the number 

SCORERS: WrtimMr Trim Craig . 
Purchase. McHanJr. C n— w l nir SlsMr. 
t au — n u n and MageM—k I Mcflnri— 


. . bgdBtona). J 

j Edward's BinrtgtMn) and 
dotrts fiidcslwk J r«— ■■ (Wwwk* 


- =??r -rts and Mag&daML N Hunt 
GS and Ste— l R W rtrt g M 

.. J AHobba (5S55 

N - 


WkietadonandtiWty I . 

Coke*. M Mfcftrt. N Atom; O SMar. H 


Rutter. P 
thews. D< 

Hwaay. P Mat- 


try, made by the 
wimerbotfom and 

over New Dock Stais. 


with a < 

higa further comrcrtion. trac no tiwei* iii foe The Wales wing prospect, 

jed-Forest , pretod tg. *55 other first round matches. Q**s Evans, scored six secondrfaff 
fin* points in jmjMTO magnificentiy tries rtMerthyr to h^>Lla*lfi 


1 — w.ta n tri« mTite of ^ 

22-9. . . - 

wmwrtss wt»c umw » r — 

on tbe power in the second half prth-overe. . 

A good 
Bentley and scored by Joyce 
stretched Yorkshire’s lead and 
there tbe score rested until a 
surrealistic effort by Harrison, 
who weaved, wriggled and 
dodged his way through tbe 
entire Cheshire pack, ted to his 
try which Booth converted to 

? 've the winners a 20-7 lead. 

ries by Thomson and Rowe 
(converted by Rowe himself) for 
Cheshire, and a penalty try from 
a pushover situation converted 

by Booth and a try by Rawmiey 
underlined Yorkshire’s 
superiority witootn d i ^u i sing 
their shortcomings. 

Waterloo take pride in a tip-top performance 

Waterloo maintained their 
proud position at the head of 
John Smith's merit table B with 
a convincing 35-12 victory over 
i irixfa at Blundellsands 

on Satunlay (Michael Stevenson 
writes) II was an enjoyable open 
contest in which tbe London 
Irish stand-offhalf Kuhn, made 
a good impression. So, too, did 
tbe Waterloo halves, Carfoot 
and Aitchison. 

Waterloo spectators appre- 
ciated the fact that they saw 
more thro usual of their backs. 
The match was virtually won 
and lost at half time, when 
London Irish, having enjoyed 

wind advantage, were trailing 6- 
9. The winner's points came 
from tries by Tickle, Jenkins, 
Cooley. Carfoot and Hay. 
Aitehiroa contributed three 
conversions and three penalties. 

Irish's try scorer was their 
former Ireland and Lions 
flanker, O’DriscoIL Staples 
kicked two penalties and Sean 
Kerns, who came on as a 
replacement for Staples, con- 
verted O’DriscolTs try. 

Fylde, in their merit table C 
match at An sdell, managed to 
beat Metropditw Police 31-19 
in a game that could have gone 
the other way. Fylde led 18-7 at 

halftime and with 15 minutes to 
go were 27-7 ahead. But the 
police hit back with two con- 
verted tries to make it 27-19 
before a scrambled try from a 
tineout fbr Fylde guaranteed 

Flyde's tries were scored by 
Burnage. Preston, Heskelh, and 
Young, with Burnage kicking 
three penalties and three 
conversions. O'Reilly, Sinclair 
and Mercer scored tries for 
Metropolitan Police. Mercer 
kicked a penalty and two 

In another merit table C 
match over the Famines, Mot- 

ley overwhelmed Nuneaton (35- 
0). Moriey woe in great form, 
running toe ball from every- 
where and translating a 21-0 half 
time lead into victory by two 
goals, five tries and a penalty to 

• Stuart Barnes gave the lead in 
a glorious exhibition of running 
and passing against Coventry at 
the Recreation ground, where 
Bath strengthened their position 
at the top of John South's merit 
table A with a touring victory by 
38-13. fames helped himself to 
18 points from a try, four 
conversions and two penalty 

rugby results from the weekend 



17 YttfctMn 


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13 Irtrtr 


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sa mysoinH 
t****** nut, 
Com*®-. — -j J?® 

Gto’strt .2 1 1 0 

-Sonrtati Z' 1 1 0 

BaricsMrd- 2 0 2 0 

Skw | Arton 


Dawn — 2J 0 O 

- "*• — .2 1 






A P* 

15 J 

16 S 
3° l 
68 0 

«—jgN i 

SSSlLm 12 SrtKgs 

isssr « 

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ffissr sas— “t 

SSmW iimiairt w 

SS&b 3 BT"-i 

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12 LlMMrtCola a 

^ SB I rt l Wm 13 

ortMdfaUmr a MteUrtii u 

• Ply !■" e* 22 

si Karo s 

32 tafalM • 
aaoxtoriomr w 
23 OiTrt - T 
to flMifiifay . .30 
HHBAER 21 f Mu M rt 4 

Lpoof St tt Wrtrtrt 15 

Lwi iIu i i firtrt ar Mrfnnt 23 

TI VrtefLna 12 


30 satwa. 

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31 IV i o n Orion 


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tep 4 Jrtnst 9 

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Srtnfc ' 22 aifin B 

SMM*fa 9 E M Mgfa A ■ 7 

tf¥Srtfa 17 imm— hwufr « 


(QUTTABL^ Thurrock 13, Hrant B. 
raTTABlk: Troians 24, 1 

eti 12: UfiWnaergS. ti tartm i 10. ' 

tiCMFOLK COUNTY CUP: Non**) 57. 

SUFFOLK cun O vert m m ± D8- 

cheetar 56, HawMi f Ttod rank 

HlUVME table 

Southampton 9, &I8 tf 
ChMtite B. TaSefd 9. 


AlhdtWd 21: AiMMHj 15, LFB rio rt 
6. flravaBBnd 49; Aattm aZf, Orfo nl & 
Bancroft 4, Rochtort- ft BaBafraa Irorv 
sides 19. (Untsl Tit Bastoottes 26, 
vnroonie 6; Badforcl M* 7TLMCnJi: 

^De Hairtland ® aanti^wt^Sm 



aone laToarrtiure 3, Sut towy Part tft 
ChtoBfortS 19, Berm 4: CWm 1Z 
FMrta ft CW 6e«ii* *, Wfcanheri 22: 
V3EZ*. m iauimm » CnMay 3, 
-S, Chanson 

QniMord 0 ; 

Doridno 9. 'Porwaiouto S DucSey 
Wngswnfart 17.010 
o. B^eMado 23: Biffl 42, LMon 4; 

A&kean - Princes 10; oniitsghBm 
AnCftorareSO.Stegpeyg: aragtoppefs 
20, East Gfinsrod ® Harrigey 7. temp- 
trt 20 ,- Hwpendefi SUk W ft 
Harrow 10, Stoutfi ' ll; Hamal H am pa awl 
B. Harlow 25; Healey 13. 
seeagewyCrortona; Hfa Wyoamba 7, 

EeBng ZliHteMn 3, BbhCfa Storttord23; 
Hovstt, BfioOMm 0; ipewich 33, Easn 
Unhr 7; Leighton Buzzard 20. Bsrfcar s 
Butts ScTansbury 48. RncMay 3; 
LatdMoth GC IS, CAMfiHtan} 11: 
London Cornish D. 0U ASeyrasrs XV 16; 
London Hokp 23. 8fdcu> 1& Mallow 6. 
GafltfOrO 30, Medaar 26. Sncwdowf ) CW 
3. HanaA 23 , Southend PoAr R Mef 
PUra. CHgml U. 0 Id Bfiwtfans. 
Romford IS rtdbnd Bank 20, Beck- 
a ntia m 12: 0U ActtnUm 3, ffld 
Bnorfara 45; OU A sn mol eins 11. Tikra 
12; OW BtoM3S, OH GukBonfaB 6; Od 
Cnmrenarw 9, OU CoKeians 21; Old 
Croreonrte 8. Old Cawftnnittns *; Old 
Dustorm *, NtoWast Bank it Old 
Szatethms, Bamat r, ou Atooirtis t 
Old smamun a 7,. stain Wandem t 
0U Gaytoriara io, Husip it on 
Hrinum 3, OU PmHnw t ou 
Han pfa muus B, OU fteorn a ns ft OU 
nngstuians 14. umndge t OU 
JoMans 0, Old HtfeyiwSw it 0U 
Meadortar® 28. Status ftQMT 40, Guy's 
Kosp 4; ou Md-wwtgaaans 63. Ltoy* 
earac 4; OU n e o do n fag 22. RKrtmU 
Thamastana ft OU RoOsMana 25. 
Horaham 15: OUTHMana it. Bwdm 
Bank < OU Watexrtan 13. Pirfay & 
0U WtecMtors 14, Radbhdoe 14: Od 

WestcBtensUonsftMay&WartOU Moor a Keraal 11. Buy 
WBamssnURS 40. OU ainumbra t Iknartty 0, Sondbesh 

OU WbnUadortns a H*C 0: omgna 
62, TanrtdBB U ft Ongar IS. PtA IB: 
Oxford OB 25. Oxford UaMhoo 11: 
Oxford Nomrta 13. Budfocfam IB: RHk 
House 9. WBstoorpbe Print 5fc Pknor 0, 
Hendon 24; Portsmorti ft Oorktog 9; 
Rertfla nsiai B 7. Bracfcnte 4; Roorti 
UarorOSS. Wknlfodon 17;Safofaury IB, 
Bern Hi 19; Sevemaka IB, WriSo foa m 
.11; Soufoend 26. Lems ti twrpn t 

wara haro 18. Portsrooum 
Wanderere 13. Bnxaley x . . . 

Vandals ft BeamnsfiaU it Vfoo 1: . 
SUeup Bt 1 st ft VWwyn 1ST OU 
Vensamans 3; Whdsor 34. Mndwstar 
It WMmrtes 6. Phoenix 1ft 
Torquay ft BrUspotar 7. 

timnon 12: Tdgnnxxfii 12, Emo4h2a. 

Newlyn B. St tin 12; HayU 3, Neuquay 

CLUB MATCHES: Brtxftan 1ft TauttXl 
IK Bmwtrte ft Aran and Somerset 
Pokes ft Pwreon 15. Panyn 20; Lain- 
oeston 0, (Jetton ft weaogttn 30, 
Newton MM 12 ; ftimoufo IftftUUom 

Nome Abwiek 18. Durtam Ctty ft 
Btadcpool 0. Roesenttle ft Bmmiey 24, 
Ruskta PerfcO; Broughton 15. Ertes2K 
BmnK Mench8StorYMCA4;CBUer 
VW ftAafiton-undar-Lyna ft CUUy 34, 
Hoytaka * Du La Safe 2ft Ruflxfi 4; 
Eagtoy 2ft Boltan 6: KMtaool Rorarsft 
SfSteed PrttK faey lORteMBlB 2ft 
ft Sendtilt Kendal 16. Hauon 
Moor ft Kasai 11. Buy ft Murtestor 
Umertty 0. Sendbeeh 29; Mttdafr- 
brouBh 42. New Brighton 4; MoU 14, 
> Northern 22, Duriwri 

1 ft Northern g. DurfmUntietstty 

ft Oldham & Lymm 1ft west Park 16, 
Sttu&ndgB 21; MuifeMe 22. ¥Wpn 27; 
Vfidne34^Worcestora Wrtington Ftek, 
54 Wafrington B. 


TOUR MATCH: OitbI B.F^Barturtraa 13. 


Nottingham again 

By JanRaOton 


County Rowing Association not 
only won toe Head of the River 
foure race but also had three 
crews in the first ten. On 
Saturday on tbe Tideway the 
Nottinghamshire crews tri- 
umphed yet again not only 
winning the tide but in doing so 
setting a new record and had 
three crews in the first six. 

Oxford University, despite 
their boat loads of Olympic and 
world postgraduate medal win- 
nos, hardly figured in the fours 
event Cambridge on toe other 
hand positively shone, reia' 1 — 
their coxed fours title 

predictably the Tideway Scull- 
ers quadruple scufis, with Cam- 
bridge University’s women 
winning two other pennants. 

RESULTS; Hart of H* mnrnMK] I. 
Wo Wna ha naWra County RA tftomCsee 


the coodess fours. Oxford’s top 
crew finished 18th, while Cam- 
bridge University packed two 

fours ahead. 

Reading University produced 
the fastest coxless four, a second 
faster than the favourites of 
Thames Tradesmen. 

The fastest women’s crew w 

1425; 14, umndge UMmrttiWff! 15. 

Hart o < to.Btire Nortspep- 
giyra County RAT n itiM 

oSvkVMmb Vesta: 
toS^COMB^SAC BrttoUIMjfa 1 

tideway Scute* Womm’ Cto»d touts; 
Lm FB Dt B fam a rf a HrtMe ChBltog 
WiwWl ‘Tf- PlWIhrtrtfia 

On foririge. 

r J^-" 






? K as;j? N fi-S 





Church Warden triumph eases 

’s aches and pains 

B) Michael Seely 

eaS'imiS Dun woody, who 
§? * uplu 5 remaining mounts 

Saiui^sv after 

?ha! ev S hf hurch War d« to 
exhilarating victory over 

fej®™ Jeff&TWiS 

gxkiess Chase, got quickly 
- lo acuon yesterday 
morning- when schooling 

mEP 8 ! 1 * °y er fences at David 

at Slow- 


'‘It was quite a week." said 
“f, of the moment 
niefully. “I had five falls to go 
with my three winners. I felt 
so suit and sore. And if you 
thought my tumble on French 
union looked bad, you should 
have seen me being fired into 
the ground by Pass Ashore at 
Hereford on Tuesday. That 
ncked a muscle in my neck." 

One of the mounts 
Dun woody is looking forward 
to taking this week is Charter 
Party in the Hennessy Cognac 
Gold Cup at Newbury on 
Saturday. Last season's Ritz 
Club National Hunt Handicap 
winner will have to shoulder 
list JOlb. as the weights will 
be raised 31b when Run And 
Skip and West Tip are with- 
drawn at tomorrow's four-day 
declaration stage. 

Church Warden, who was 

providing David Murray- 
Smiih with the most im- 
portant training success of his 
career in ibis country, is going 
10 take all the beating in 
Newbury's spectacular. “If the 
weights go up. he'll have 9st 
1 21b including a Sib penalty. I 
feel he's got to take bis chance 
as he beat Strands Of Gold by 
25 lengths at Ascot last season 
and will only be meeting him 
on 41b worse terms." the 
trainer said. 

Strands Of Gold also forced 
his way into the Hennessy 
picture when giving Silent 
Valley 2 lib and a head beating 
in the John Smith's Brewery 
Handicap Chase at Newcastle. 
Jimmy Fitzgerald will now 
attempt to repeat Galway 
Blaze's 12-length victory last 
year with Canny Danny’s full- 
brother. “He needed the race 
and it was a good performance 
to give that useful old horse so 
much weight," said the astute 
Irish-born big-race specialist 

Everett Door Latch. The 
Langholm Dyer and Plunder- 
ing are all likely to develop 
into strongly-fancied contend- 
ers. But yesterday, Peter 
Easterby had not yet decided 
whether to send Cybracdian 
to Newbury or to renew recent 
Welherby rivalry with Forgive 
’N' Forget in the Edward 

Hanmer Memorial Chase at 
Haydock on Wednesday, for 
which there were only four 
acceptors at yesterday's four- 
day stage. 

Church Warden's win at 
Ascot represented a skilful feat 
of training bv Murray-Smith. 
“We’ve had a lot of problems 
with him." the trainer said 
yesterday. “He was inter- 
mittently lame for a long time 
so we sent him down to Bristol 
to be examined. They decided 
that his circulation was poor 
so we've had to keep him on 
the move seven days a week." 

Berlin looked sure to win 
jumping the last but was 
outstayed by the winner on the 
flat. Ambler Rambler, the 
northern challenger, excelled 
himself in taking third place, 
but, at the weights, just lacked 
the class to become involved 
in the finish after jumpii 
upsides the leaders at the 

Desert Orchid also ran a 
magnificent race to finish 
fourth in ground a trifle too 
soft for the front-running grey. 
“That was an interesting, 
competitive and high-class 
handicap,'* said David 
Elsworth. “It’ll be a good 
guide for the future and I'm 
still intending to send Desert 
Orchid to Kerapton on Boxing 

Day for the King George." 

Nick Gaselee soon received 
handsome consolation for the 
defeat of Berlin when Bolands 
Cross gave an immaculate 
display of jumping to win the 
Rip Chase by eight lengths. 

Up at Newcastle, enterpris- 
ing riding tactics by Seamus 
O'Neil] won the Fighting Fifth 
Hurdle for Tom Sharp and 
Walter Wharton. After jump- 
ing the last a long way clear, 
the 1984 Cesarewitch winner 
then bravely resisted the late 
attack of Ballydurrow by a 

The unfortunate runner-up 
was finishing second for the 
third year in succession and 
his jockey, Neale Doughty, 
dislocated his shoulder as the 
pair passed the winning post 

Throughout the afternoon, 
jockeys wore black armbands 
as a tribute to the memory of 
Jayne Thompson, who died in 
hospital on Friday after a fell 
at Catterick the previous 
weekend. And Geoff Harker, 
her boyfriend, having his first 
mount since that tragic after- 
noon, was seen at his most 
determined when winning the 
Comedy of Errors Novices' 
Hurdle on Green Archer for 
Lynda Ramsden. “I rode that 
one for Jayne," was the rider’s 
only comment afterwards. 

At the mid of a week in which he took a series of I 
wry smile after winning Ascot's H & T Walker < 

Hern loses 
owned by 

Dick Hero’s loyalty to Willie 
Carson has resulted in the 
removal of Med AbduHas 
five horses from West llsley 
(Michael Seely writes). 

“I will not be training for are 
prince next season, although we 
have parted on perfectly friendly 
terms," the royal trainer said 
yesterday- “As is well known, 
FUt Eddery has been engaged to 
ride Mr Abdulla's horses world- 
wide next season. Previously I 
had. up Willie Carson for 

1 987. which will be our eleventh 
season together." 

This is a straightforward mat- 
in- and both points of view are 
understandable. Abdulla, one of 
the most powerful owners in 
Europe and a member of the 
ruling family of Saudi Arabia, 
has already shown bis single 
mindedness of purpose and 
strong will when replacing 
Greville Starkey, Guy 
Harwood’s stable jockey, with 
Eddery on Dancing Brave m the 
Prix de PArc de Triomphe and 
Breeders' Cup. 

Major Hero, on the other 
hand , is Britain’s senior trainer 
and has earned the affection and 
respect of the racing community 
for his uncompromising integ- 
rity and for his courage. “It is 
unfortunate, but you bave to 
have some principles in life,” be 

The best horse that Hero has 
trained for Abdulla is Band, 
winner of the Yorkshire Cup in 
1984. The five horses removed 
from West Dsiey include Mete- 
oric and Sunerta. 


1.45 HANCOCK HANDICAP CHASE (£1,752: 2m 41) (9 runners) 

1 3020- BIT OF THE ACTKM (J McManus) Mrs M RJmel MI-10 

* 02F3-3O OYSTER POND (D)(K Clarita) M McCourt 9-11-8 


Bv Mandarin 

12.45 Midnight Tram. 
1.15 Tinsel Rose. 

1.45 Echo Sounder. 

2.15 RISING FOREST (nap). 
2.4 S That's Your LoL 

3.15 Sunbeam Talbot. 

By Michael Seely 

1.45 ECHO SOUNDER (nap). 2.15 Rising Forest. 

The Ti mes Private Handi capper’s top rating 2.15 RISING FOREST. 

Going: good, hurdle course; good to firm, chase course 

12.45 STOUGHTON NOVICE HURDLE (Dtv I: £848: 2m) (22 runners) 







































POWERLESS (D) (T Wawrman) F Winter 5-1 1-2_ 

00-0 BLACK SPOUT (Mrs E Richards) H O’Neal 5-10-10- 

ESPERO (Mrs A Sloan) C Vernon Miller 5-10-10. 

0- HANGER WOOD (Mrs R Matson) N Gaselee 5-10-10 — 
3 MIDMGHT TRAIN (M Oberstem) Mrs J Pitman 5-10-10 _ 

_ M Harrington 

97 5-2 

.. P Scudamore 


R Chapman (4) 

— — 

J Bartow 

05 10-1 

H Parrott 

91 10-1 

V McXevttt 

— — 


• 99 9-2 

P Dover 

82 14-1 

NEON (A HamWv) A Hamtty 5-10-10 

OTLEY iG Hiirtjard) G Hubbard 4-10-10.. 

SAMSUN (Mai G RwJweU) J Webber 4-10-10 — 
UWT TENT (B) (Adas Display Ud) Miss B Sandff 
VENTURI (Mra S Tatnton) N Palming 5-10-10 ... 

. Mr A Humbly 
— S J OtMi 


R Strange 

... G Itemogh 

W Morris 

A Sharp* 


HARVEST MORE (E Smith) N Smith 5-10-5.. 

INCAWELIA (Mrs M Thome) N Henderson 5-105. 

PI PP AH Ml NT LASS (H Shouler) D NrctiOteOn 4-1D-5. 
SISTER CLAIRE (P McMahon) Jimmy Rtzgeraki 5-10-5- 

. Mr M Wefflngs 
. S Smith Ecctea 

n Ounwoody 

M Dwyer 

8 7 — 

SI 14-1 

IK 12-1 
B0 10-1 

4 11F4-FU EMMASON (D) (G Barley) J Spearing 11-11-6. 

G 0/F1 12-1 ECHO SOUNDER (D) (Lady Vestty) T Foretar 7-J1-G (4ax), 

021-122 WEIGHT PROBLEM (DJV) (J Farragher) Jimmy RtzgeraU 0-11-4. 
0F421-3 COLE PO R TER (D) <M Banks] M BaVcS 11-10-10. 

222P-2F fiEJUVENATOR (0} (Mrs T Metcalfe) G Richards 10-10-10- 

0030-23 MHERATE (D.BF) (R Clarke) O Sherwood 7-10-6 

42WF-4 DUNSTALL (D) (J Orewiy) B Morgan 9-10-0. 

_ GMcCcnt 85 8-1 

J Duggan ST 12-1 

A Webb 9516-1 

R Ounwoody • 99 F2-1 

M Dwyer 97 7-2 

_ G Brodtay B9 10-1 

PTncfe 8810-1 

_ C Cox (4) 9G 6-1 

- G WBBaflH 8S 16-1 

1985: NICKLE MOPPETT 8-11-7 G Memagh (4-5 fa*) J Webber 2 ran 

CriDU BTT OF THE ACTION insti recruit best recant term. (1 1-4) am beaten 61 to For Auction (12-0) ai 
rwnm F»rytiouse(2m2f.£4080. heavy. Jan1).OYSTER POND (9-10)6th. loaf touch at halfway, beat- 
en over BO to Malya MM (10-9) at Newbury Cm 41,2311 1, good. No* 5, 7 ranL EMMASON wtienconatesadjll- 

12 ran). ECHO 
11. W 

REJUVENATOR (10-8) beaten 


when (efl last ai Cartfeta /2m 41. El JS1. good. Nov 10. 10 ran). COtE PtiRTER (10-11) 3rd. made good head- 
way to ftmth well, beaten 51 by Sir Badsworti (11-0) at Wohia ham ptpn (2m 41. £2250. firm. Non 5. 7 
NtWERATE no-IQ) 3nl beaten 121 by Burnt Oak (11-7) at Wincanton (3m if, £4020. good. Oct 30. 7 
REJUV&IATOH (10-1 2) 2nd, caudV dose home, beatai 12HI by WElGIff PROOLBMOf-AlatSedgefiek 
41, £1754, good to linn, Oct 21, Sran). DUNSTAU. (10-4) 4th. beaten when htt the iasL went down by 151 to 

I 2 " 1 Nw 5, 10 ran). 

2.15 JOHN O’ GAUNT NOVICE CHASE (£1,880: 3m) (9 runners) 

3 110/40-1 RISMG FOREST (A F Budge Lid) Jimmy FftzgeraM 7-11-4. 

5 0042F- BOAROMANS VALUE (A Lester) CTrleiSne 8-11-0 

8 00-0 FIREWORKS NIGHT (J Rase) N Hendureon 7-1 1-0 

11 44-04SU GOINGO(R Brown) RL Brown 7-11-0.. 

17 PP3-P0P MUXLOW (R WUams) Mm R Wfflams 0-11-0 

20 232PP/ SEVEN ACRES (G Babbege) Mis m Babbage 8-1 1-0 

24 20 THE THIRSTY FARMER (Mrs S King} R Haidar 7-11-0 

26 2P3 WOODS** ROAD (BF) (Prowling Homes) DMchoison 6-1 1-0 

27 3- FLORENCE MAY (R Fitebama) Mrs S Richardson 7-10-8 

M Dwyer G99F4-6 

J Bryan 86 6-1 

SMftEcdM 8210-1 

J Brown (7) 78 25-1 

. Mr S Andrews — 26-1 

P Murphy — 14-1 

R O unw oody 82 5-1 
PWamar 78 6-1 

1385: AFRICAN STAR 7-11-0 J Frost (5-1) R Frost 6 ran 

1985: KADESH 4-10-10 R Crank (13-2) F Yanfley 7 ran 

sran and i 
Nov 5. 

£960 good. 

£1064. good to soft Jan 20. 16 ran), satocm MDMGHTHtolN 

1.15 JUNIOR SELLING HURDLE (£881: 2m) (22 runners) 

PP- POCO LOCO (Mts C Howard) A Davison 4-1 1-10. 

















11000-U TAYLORS RENOVATION (D) (J Ross) H Whiting 4-11-9. 
O LA CHARIMT (Top bid Man Ltd) P Davis 4-11-5 
00 VULGARIS (Top Ind Man Ltd) P Daws 4-11-5 . 

M Pitman 

— 0 99 S-1 

— 12-1 

000F- WHENTHEW1NDBLOWS (Mrs F Dickinson) M Dickinson 4-11-5 

004 CHORISTERS DREAM (B) (Mrs A Lodge) JPeneR 3-104 

00 COURT RULER (H Dale) H Dale 3-106 

MrM RictiiBtls (4) 

G Landau (4) 

— J Bartow 

— A Canal 

GROSVENOR COURT (W Wharton) W Wharton 3-106 

KY MONTE (J StaKord) H O' Nob 3-106 

0 ROCKALL (B) (Mrs N Macaulay) Mrs N Macaulay 3-106 

P RUDOLPH MOLE (Mrs S Lamjnnan) Mrs S Lamyrnan 3-106. 
02 SANORON (BF) (G Schooley) B Stevens 3-10-6- 

B SONNY HILL LAD (Miss W Lnghton) A Leighton 3-106- 
0 SUPREME DANCH1 (M Waller) K &rdgwater 3-106 

M Bowtby (4) 
... SJOYteB 
. R Ou n woody 

K Berta 

... P Corrigan 

R Strange 

C Smith 


TIBER GATE (H HoAnsbead) R Hofflnshead 3-106. 

4P0 BAUDAHEEN (T Fletther) S Cole 3-106 

0 IFFLEY MAY QUSN (Mrs D AncS) D And 3-106... 

, K Ryan (7) — — 

D Canary (7) 

003F0 LOW RATION (G Whdatg) K Bridgwater 3-106. 

02 MAHABAD (C Chan) Mrs N Macaulay 3-106. 

03 PATCHOULTS PET (G Parker) W Monte 3- 106. 


0 SOLENT FLYER (Mrs M Saunders) B Stevens 3-106 Ferny FIHch-Heyes (7) 

30 TINSEL ROSE (Mai HThormanJO Tucker 3-106 PHoOay (7) 

1985: No corresponding race 

— 10-1 
— 12-1 

84 — 

89 9-2 
— 10-1 
95 — 
92 4-1 


GOD GW TAYLORS RENOVATION, ran In novice hurdles last season but best performances in : 

” wfllwl (to-5) won 9 horn Mr Chns Gateaux (10-10) at Doncaster (2m 150yd. Cl 591. good. Dec 14. 17 
ran) CHORISTERS DREAM (11-0) 4tfi, laded to guicicen. beaten 1 tlto Henry Padwick (10-7) at Worcester (2m. 
£703. good to firm. Od 1 1 . 9 ran). SANDRON (10-12) 2nd. no axlra dose home, beaten 1 V5I to Above A3 Hope 

|106)atTauntOfi(2m11,£429. flood to firm. Oa23.13 ran). LOW RATION (10- Z) 5th, beaten over 421 to Tir'em 

Back Jack (10-12) at Fakennam (2m. £685. good to solt Oct 27. 11 ran). MAHABAD (10-0) 2nd, flntehed well 
and just (ailed, beaten head ® Fair Charter (11-5) at Devon (2m II. E400, tern. Sep 24. 8 ran). 


Course specialists 


Winners Runners Par Cent 


F Wmrer 




Mre J Pitman 




Mrs M Rim ell 




S Motor 




N Henderson 




J Jenkins 






Par Gant 

S Smith Ecdas 



20 J) 

P Scudamore 




G McCourt 




Only Qualifiers 

. £2,477 good, 

was dose home, beaten 2d by Blue Dart (11-1) ai Sandown I 
MAY (11-9) 3rd beatm 101 to larvfle (126) at Worcester (3m, I 

.J, Nov 1.7 ran). 
good to soft. May 21, 20 ran). 

2.45 THORPE SATCHV1LLE HURDLE (£2,092: 2m) (10 runners) 

AOHOCH(H Ofiver) Mrs S Oher 7-11-11 . 

FI 21/0-0 
01 IPO 


0 00D1U3- 
9 013300- 
10 401 2/UP 


BEAT THE RETREAT (D) (A R Forster) J JenMns 5-11-11 . 

DARK IVY (Ms S Cathennaod) G Rtdards 10-11-11 

THAT'S YOUR LOT (BJ2) (M Oorey) J Francome 4-U-7 

GENERAL BREYFAX (J QiO) M McCourt 8-116. 


MUSIC BE MAGIC (CD) (N Mason) G Richards 7-1 16— . 

CRITICAL PATH (D) (A Petbter) Mrs J Crott 7-10-11 

JOHN FEATHER (HJ)) (A Phfips) D BurcheB 7-10-11 

QULANTARO (D) (Mrs P Sinter) C Vemon KHer 5-10-1 1 
9HENTON WAY (D) (M tflekey) J JarMns 6-10-11 . 

. 8 SmBb Ecdas 

G McCourt 


, W H ump h re y s (7) 
.. D J Bracbaf (7) 
K Mooney 

— 4-1 
— 10-1 
si a-i 

— F2-1 

92 12-1 
91 — 

H JenMns (7) 

1985: NOHALMDUN 4-116 J J O'NeM (1-5 lav) M H Easterby 4 ran 

FORM BEAT THE RETREAT, useful perf or mer two seasons 

home. 9th beaten over 23 to Jim& rffime 
DARK IVY Irish recruit who has been atoeptodnsing. 

recently (fi-a. km touch two bom 
' Nov 1,9 ran), 
form last year, 

r two seasons ago. recently (ii-sg. lost t 
te (106) at Sandown (2m, £4690, good. 
THAIS YOUR LOT fit fawn tfn FIbl best 

ham (2m. I 
S a l e cB o n : 

i. £1341 . good. May 24, good, 12 ran). 

3.15 STOUGHTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £815: 2m) (13 runners) 







000310 AVCPORT (W O'Gonnan) Jimmy Rogerald 6-10-10.. 

000- BEE GAROEN(M Motley) PBaSey 5-10-10 

00 BOfMA COUNO (C Ctarka) P Daws 4-10-10 

PPfO DUART (Mrs JScrtvans)J Spearing 6-10-10. 

M Dwyer — 6-1 

000-P EVESHAM BUTCHBIS (Evesham Butchers) Mra J CroK 4-10-10. 

22 KEYNES P Dobson) J Jenkins 510-10 

P- KILN PARK (Mrs P Hams) P Hants 5-10-10 

0 SMITHY'S CHOICE (A BkchaO) Mrs A Hewitt 4-10-10 

.SSmMi Ecdas 
. MrM WaMngs 

A Webb 

J Duggan 
- J 

026 SUNBEAM TALBOT (Mrs R Lagoute) R Aanytage 5-10-10 — Mr M Armytaga (7) 

0- THE FROZBI NORTH (JBemsoai) Ms JPMman 4-1 0-10 MPMbmi 

4406 WELL WISHSI (Pmcess Anne) D MchcSson 4-10-10 R Ounwoody 

WHY TUMLE (D Lowe) R KoHnshesd 4-10-10 P Davor 

TRACKERS JEWEL (Ms W Sola) M Ryan 4-106- 


1985: FOOT PATROL 4-10-10 A Gorman (8-11 lav) P CwtoB 6 ran 

White W99F54 
A Strong# 

96 6-1 

— M 
— 12-1 

— 8-1 
— 76 

Worcester (2m. Flat £1354. heavy. Apr 3. 25 ran). I 
to Spanish Reel (10-12) at Wohertramptofi (2m. £1 
get on terms, beaten lOlto Ondte Girl (1 1-0) at Str 

DUART (10-T2) . . . 

1 ^49, Bnn. Nov 5, 11 ran). KEYNES (1 0-12) 2nd. cocfcl never 
. .to Stratford (£m. £885, good. Nov 6. 16 rant SUNBEAM TALBOT 

110-7) 7th. made some headway 5th only to weaken last beaten 161 to Robin Goodfetow (116) to Newbury 
(2m. £2.059. good. Nov 5, 21 ran). THE FROZEN NORTH (10-7) 9lh in a bumper to Flying Dancer (10-7) at 
“ ‘ WELL WISHBI (10-11) broke blood veosto on nunfing 

1.059. good. Nov 5. 21 ran). 

Market Rasen (2m. ES92. good to soft. May 
debut has shown term kibumpers. behind 



10. S ran). _ 

Skygrango (10-12) at Worcester 

WISHBt (10-11) broke 

“ {2m 2f. £3128, good, Oto 25, 




By Mandarin 

2.30 TATTERSALLS NOVICE CHASE (Mares: £1 ,519: 2m 40yd) (13 winners) 

1 10PB94- ANDREA DAWN (B) (D MBbum) A Tumel 5-10-10 StavwKdgM 

1.00 My Son My Son. 
1.30 Fearless Imp. 

2.00 Bright Morning. 

2.30 Stars And Stripes. 
3.00 Flexible Friend. 

3 JO The Processor. 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.00 Rogairio. 

Going: good to soft 

1 J0 ROYAL BOROUGH NOVICE HURDLE (Div 1: £685: 2m 30yd) (12 runners) 

3202-1 RAZOR SHARP (S Dobson) GPTBBI 6-116. 

0 CARVING KNteEtCaptT Forster) TFbrster 4-10-10.. 





18 4020/00- CRIMSON SOL <P KaByl G Thomar 5-10-5- 

. BdeHaan 
- HOavtea 

SB 4-1 
80 8-1 
— 136 

97 3-1 


JOHN PATRICK (P Bowes) P Mrtchefl 5-10-10 Nb D Oeroi wywortfa (7) 

0/ MISTER PRELUDE (A Newcombe) R Hodges 6-10-10 — — B Po wa l 

003F-22 MY SON MY SON (W Harmon) S Motor 5-1 0-1D. G Ctartea Jama 

0/000- PROVERBIAL SESSION (B) (W M-Ootes) W McKenzia-Coies 5-10-10 MrB Towwa 


0034F-3 SIGNALMAN (BF) (Mrs A Chapman) O Sherwood 5-10-10 S Sherwood • 99 F9-4 

0- TODA FORCA A V ANTI (Dr H Ngan) A Davison 4-10-10 H Rowe — — 

FOM TRUE WEIGHT (Mrs J Cundy) M MadgwK* 4-10-10 AMadgwick — 10-1 

_ P Barton — — 

M Furlong B2 — 

C Brown — — 

0300- TANA MIST !R Voorspuy] R Voorepuy 4-10-5 . 

TREBLE CHANCE (M Bryam) S Woodman 4-106 

1985: CtMABUE 4-10-10 G McCourt (33-1) C Read 19 ran 



10040-F FEARLESS IMP (J Trumanj R Shepherd 11-11-7— 

412112/ FAIRLY MERRY (H WohOI H Webb 10-10-12 

223211- AUTUMN ZULU (P Boddy) Miss L Bower 7-106- 


12 . . 

.2 OPUdl-1 HARBOUR BAZAAR (MCourmeyJR Simpson 6-106- 
W 040030/ BEECH COPSE (D Mibum) A Tumefl 7-106 

OOF14-D AWNING fM Henries) M Henrtques 8-106 

4-144U3 PRINCE MOON (Duke ol Attato 0 Baking 6-186 
OPOOUO STRETCH OUT (Mre B Bacon) A Moore 8-10-0. 

D Wets W99F2-1 

_ 1 StMMmark — 18-1 

B Do wli ng 88 3-1 

L Harvey 97 4-1 

A Charlton (5) 88 8-1 

PHnrofS) — 12-1 

K 6-1 

B Gdm (5) — 14-1 

1985: (Seller) W SLtoS 6- HM D Hood (16-1) MBs L Bower 17 ran 

2.0 SALT HILL HANDICAP CHASE (£1,657: 3m) (1 1 runners) 

1 3F2B4D- CERMAU (01 |M Snono) J Edwards 6-1 1-13 - P Barton 93 13-2 

2 1010P-P SIR KcNWW frl Winterbourne) fl iArmytaga 8-11-1 1 Min G Anaytage (4) 90 B-l 

3 0022-UP ERNKWATER (W |D Pitcher! D Rtctw t0-11-1t Mr D Pitcher 80 14-1 

4 4F034-1 BRIGHT (C| (M Stoner) D GnssaH 8-1 1-7 (7ex) JAkehnrei B7F3-1 

s F43P-40 KSSTEROONtrrPHlESwafliekOH Hodges 6-11-1 BPoweH 0112-1 

7 p/o-p EECRETAHY GENERAL (MFe«on)R Hodges 11-1 16 Mr M Penan — — 

8 POPCC-1 ROGAIRIO (M Papuan] P Bo^y 10-10-10 (7«t) SMorahmd 96 4-1 

5 0C442-F SC JTHBOWN SPIRIT (R Dow) MesL Bower 10-106 R Howell 87 10-1 

10 I/0P4P-2 QUAYSIDE BATTLE (R WauQrtl T M Jones 9-10-5 K Richards • 89 5-1 

11 C30306 DOUBLEUACUUN (D) (B Oarfc) C HoteWS 12-106 CMm 89 — 

13 020P01/ TEN BELOW (Levriua Duchess 01 Norfolk) Lady Hemes 8 - 10-1 MfOnane — 12-1 

1985: ACARMS 9-136 C Cox 196 Wart P W Hams 4 ran 






12 PO40FP- SWAG JACKET (BEdgeley) Mss L Bower 8-1 0-10- 

13 0F40-20 VENETIAN PRMCESS (B) (Ms J Peto) A Moore 5-10-10 , 

40- CELTIC GERTHUOE (J Fenwick) P CunCMI 6-10-10- 

82P0F0- FOLKLAND(W Yeomans) DAiDtohnot 5-10-10 

00PF42 LE MARSH (R Steward) J ScaBan 9-10-10—™— 

40332F- LUCKY GOLD (P Tap8n) Mtes L Bower 9-10-10 

0211-3F MISS fiUUNA (M Huxley) J Ffitcri-Hayes 5-10-10 

0044FP- PREACHER'S GOI (G Btoxham) K BaBey 7-10*10 _ 
200060 REMAMDS1 WVN (TThom) J Bridger 5-10-10 — 
04/PF- ROUACHAU Mooney) J BUM 6-10-10- 

_ R Rowed 

— 5-1 
— 13-1 
— 136 

— 3-1 

0U0O6P HUE-TTE-OAY (Cherry Tree StaUes) S Hants 7-10-10- 
001-022 STARS AMD STRIPES (R Frosl) R Frost 7-16-10. 




R Amon 

• 99F2-1 
— 8-1 

1385: (2m) SWEETCAL 6-10-10 S Sherwood (2-1 lav) P Cundel 8 ran 

3JJ ROYAL BOROUGH NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £685: 2m 30yd) (14 runners) 

1 F1 1243 DREAM MERCHANT (R O'Suttvan) R O'SUfivan 4-11-10 

3 BOREEN KING (GPS Prim Lid) S Mellor 5-10-10 Q 

6 0Q9HB CANUCK CLOWN (J Bird) A Moore 5-10-10 G Moore 

7 PF CHEVBtMG (B) (G Harrington) D GrissaS 8-10-1 0^ j 

8 FH LOOWQ (M Netwes-Crockari G Roe S-10-10 Cl 

9 P/000-3F FLEXffiLEmEND (G Oartjy)J Fox 6-10-10 ' 5 

11 00- JOUWASFHB) (Mrs L SuckerfieW] M Haynes 5-10-10 AWrtoM 

13 03/PFFD- LAURENBELO Maddocfcs) I Maddoeks 5-10-10 C 

14 MAJOR MATCH (Comtess ol Egkmon & Winter) T Forster 4-10-10 H 

17 P-040 POLAR GLEN (Mrs V PnOfia) R Hodges 5-10-10 

20 POOO/OP- KABUTl (B Champion) Miss C Champion 5-1 M-. ______ 

21 0 KM STAR (J Hoars) R Hodges 4-106 

25 TOMS TREASURE (Amah Prop Ltd) R Akehursl 4-10-5. 

27 WMNETKA (Lord Chaisea] T Forster 5-1 0-5 

86 7-2 
— 5-1 
• 99136 

97 re-i 

82 S-1 

— 9-1 
67 12-1 

B P wa al l — — 

Dale McKeown (7) 
. L Harvey (4) 

1B8S: DIAMONDS HIGH 4-11-10 R Ounwoody (96) P Mitchell 15 ran 

3.30 WHITE HART HANDICAP HURDLE (£1^32: 2m 30yd) (22 renners) 

1 11/4110- ROCK1TS GAL (B Moon) W Holden 5-1 1-10 KTawnomt[7) 

2 121030- OPBVMQ BARS (K Ogden) D Oughton 5-11-9 " p Doable 

3 143/8PP- HOLD THE H EAD (B)( S Cooper) GKInderatey 6-11-9 c Brown 

4 120/000- TENTH OF OCTOBER (T Ferro) S Melor 7-11-9 g 1 ^ 

22321-1 OPEN THE BOX (B^mtS Mason) GBakbng 7-11-6 (7 bx)_ 

1204-30 FOLLY HBJL (Mrs P Gamer) G Thomar 6-11-4 

00010-0 ALLADO (CD) (A N6BTCS) A NeavBS 10-10-12.. 

210WH) ASMflD (B) (Mrs J ChadWKk) Mrs J Chadwck 7-10-ti. 
0P1-4 ABOVE PAR (Mre M Peel) NGaaeiae 5-10-10. 




19 01-0020 FOIE CHIEFTAIN (CD) (B Roarae) J Long 8-106 

20 20P04-U THE PROCESSOR (J Hurst) O Sherwood 5-10-5 

23 0014-40 nSTER FEATHERS (B) (Mrs M Fords) J King 5-104 . 

. A CbarttaO 

M Richard* 

0B4026 HARVEST [Banrtngtons Furniture Ua) O CNeHl 6-10-10.. 

31000- METMAN (fl HHetats) Mre J Pdman 5-106 

2200-23 HIGH HEAVEN (S Allen) A Moore 8-106 

PO/ AVERMUS (LGKimber Eng Lid) TFonsier 7-10-4 .—.. 
10F200/ SUEZ (Lord Chelsea) T Forster 7-104- 

UOOFF6 BRITISH CROWN (M Badon) S Woodman 10-10-1 . 
Ft 3443- WON RM5GE (B) (E Lodge) J Parren 7-106- 


_M Boater (4) 

— A Adam (7) 



— — G 
Leeaa Long (7) 
— . SSbanrood 

— L Harvey (4) 


B I 

• 9910-1 

— 14-1 

— 10-1 
94 8-1 
S3 — 
84 — 
91 6-1 
87 9-1 

Moore 87 — 

2100/ OOMIMOM GBB. (Danebury Raeng LJd) K Curmnohara 
300300/ PACtRST (Mre K O-SuHvan) J Fex 6-106 

00004/0 BALLYSEEDY HERO /J Font) Mas P O'Connor 8-106. 

1985: CAWARRA LAO 6-104 C Co* (14-1) C James IB ran 

Course specialists 

Stave Knight 

Mm 6-106 H JBaggan 

S Hoorn 

E water 

J King 
N Gaseiee 
T Forster 


Winners Runners Percent 
5 16 31J 

5 29 172 

5 31 151 

7 45 156 

10 74 135 

On W Qualifiers 





P Double 




H Davos 




R Rowe 





to sustain 
good form 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

RISING FOREST is napped 
to extend Jimmy Fitzgerald's 
fine recent ran by winning the 
John OTrtunt Novices’ Chase 
at Leicester this afternoon. 

A decent novice over bonDes 
two years ago. Rising Forest was 
restricted to only a couple of 
races last season became of 
sines trouble which necessitated 
three operations. Bat in tbe first 
of those he showed that the 
proMem had been cored by 
finishing a highly creditable 
fourth in the Waterford Crystal 
Stayers’ Hurdle at Cheltenham 
in March. 

In make and shape Rising 
Forest has always looked the 
sort to do even better over 
fences. Not surprisingly, then, 
Fitzgerald wasted no time in 
sending him chasing this 

Following some encour ag ing 
schooling over the practice 
fences at Mai ten. Rising Forest 
started odds-on to win his first 
chase at South welL With an 
impeccable display of jam ping 
he dnly won the way a short- 
priced favourite should. 

Afterwards his justifiably 
elated trainer said that Bis 
Finest might easily be gi 
enough to win the Son Alliance 
Chase at Cheltenham next 
March, a race be has already 
captured once with Canny 
Danny and so nearly won again 
last spring with Strands Of 

If that is the case. Rising 
Forest should certainly be car 
pable of budding on that ex- 
cellent beginning at Southwell 
and seeing off the likes of 
Fireworks Night and Woodstde 
Road now. 

His travelling companion, 
Avoport, who wen a hamper ra 
Ireland last season, will have his 
first race for Fitzgerald in the 
second division of the Stoughton 
Novices’ Hurdle. But here 
who caught my eye at Newbury 
first time out when be finished 
seventh behind Robin 

in the same race despite losing 
ground at the start, is taken to 
win the earlier division which, 
with Cmdie Girt and Powerless 
also standing thefr ground, Ipoks 
much harder. I maintain that the 
task of g iv i n g Midnight Train 
weight could prove beyond them. 

phatic winner at Chepstow al- 
ready, is taken to win the 
Hancock Handicap Chase while 
THAT’S YOUR LOT, fit from 
recent efforts on the Flat, will be 
hard to beat in the Thorpe 
SatchriUe Hurdle. 

At Windsor, 1 give MY SON 
MY SON a good chance of 
winning the first division of the 
Royal Borough Novices’ Htffdle 
after muring so well against 
Raxnadi Dawn at Stratford. Tbe 
second division can go to FLEX- 
IBLE FRIEND, whose third 
place behind Amadis and Fort 
Rupert at Worcester was better 
than anything his rivals have 

Finally, following that ran 
away win on this sane 
Th am esside track nine days ago. 
Open The Box should give 
another good account of himself 
in the White Hart Handicap 

1 just prefer THE 
SOR, who looked mrineky at 
Ascot where be was poised to 
challenge the ev en teal winner. 
Slip Up, when his yoang rider 
was dislodged because his irons 
had broken. 

Leaders over 
the jumps 



J Fitzgerald 











M Pipe 






WSiephanson 22 











G Balding 






J Jenksn 






D Nicholson 





















R Ounwoody 
M Dwyer 
P Tuck 

C Grant 

B Powell 
C Brown 
5 Sherwood 
H Da Was 
R Lamb 


38 27 19 
31 15 23 
29 13 8 
25 20 15 
22 22 17 
19 25 21 
15 7 8 
15 13 tl 
15 9 12 
14 20 17 
1* 12 6 

0 -034 

1 42048 
3 +2345 

11 -26.14 

3 -60.66 

4 -66.65 

2 -29.76 

2 -0921 
2 -2106 
2 -30.23 

0 *41 W) 

Aga Khan heads 
Irish list with 
just two winners 

By Our Irish Raring Correspondent 

Tbe Aga Khan and Michael 
Slouie, owner and trainer of the 
Budweiser Irish Derby winner, 
Shahrastani, emerged as the 
leaders in their respective cate- 
gories in the Irish Bat race 
season that came to a dose at 
Leopandstown on Saturday. The 
Aga Khan only won one other 
race during the year but his 
earnings still amounted to 

Michael Stoute’s four winners 
amassed £IR481,7I2- He had to 
face a determined challenge 
from Dermot Weld, who turned 
out the winners of 95 races with 
a value of £IR45(L289. Jim 
Bolger, whose star performer 
was the Phoenix Champion 
Stakes winner. Park Express, 
garnered £ER426.555. 

Paddy Burns, the owner of 
Park Express, was runner-up to 
the Aga Khan with £ER264,950 
while, in terms of races won. 
Bert Firestone fared best, 
collecting 32 contests and 

For the first time in a dozen 
years, Robert Saunter finished 
out of the first four in the 
owners’ table and it was typical 
of his luck that his final runner. 

the odds-on Kingsmiff, should 
have been beaten into third 
place in tbe last Flat race on 
Saturday by tbe aptly-named 50- 
1 winner, Future Shock. 

Michael Kiuane, although out 
of action for several weeks 
through injury, easily retained 
the jockeys’ championship with 
80 winners followed by Christy 
Roche on 53. The poor scoring 
rate of the Vincent O’Brien- 
trained horses slowed down Pat 
Eddery but he still finished 
fourth with 46 winning mounts. 

On Saturday, Doris Dictio 
who tbe previous weekend had 
become the first to win the Naas 
November Handicap in 
successive years made light of 
her 71b penalty over the extra 
halfmile of the Leopardstown 
November Handicap. She is an 
entry in the Newmarket Decem- 
ber sales. If she does not sell 
there she will be put bade lo 
bundling this winter. 

We also saw a potentially 
smart recruit to jumping in the 
shape of Simplon. He won the 
opening 10-finiong race in style 
and according to his trainer, 
Michael Grassick, has been 
schooling very well over hurdles 
this autumn. ' 

Teleprompter only fifth 
behind surprise winner 

Lieutenant's Lark (Robbie 
Davis) was the surprise winner 
of the Washington DC Inter- 
national at Laurel Park, Mary- 
land cm Saturday night 

He made all the running and 
just had enough left to bold the 
despairing late challenge of 
Dance Of Life (Pal Day) by a 

Teleprompter (Tony Ives), 
the lone British challenger, ran a 
respectable race to finish fifth, 
five lengths adrift of the winner. 
The BOl Watts-trained gelding 
picked upf 16,783 for his efforts. 

The going was softer than 
Teleprompter likes and his pros- 
pects were not helped when he 
was slowly away. He made up 
ground in tbe back straight and 
challenged on the outside of 
Lieutenant's Lark and Derby 

Wish rounding the home turn- 

He could make no further 
progress, however, and was 
passed inside tbe final furlong 
by the favourite. Palace Music, 
who beat Double Bed by half a 
length for third- The Frcncb- 
tramed Double Bed did best of 
the foreign runners. 

Morocco's Premier Mister 
was seventh, Poland's Korab 
was. eighth. Canada’s Royal 
Treasurer was ninth and 
France's other runner, Apet- 
dooro. was last of the 1 2 starters. 
Broad Brush and Storm on dm 
Loose were withdrawn because 
of the soft going. 

Lieutenant’s Lark js trained 
by Howard Tesher. He paid 
S76.70 to a two-do liar stake, the 
longest starting price in the 
history of the race. 

Record for Lucky Ring 
in group race success 

Lucky Ring (Willie Carson) 
easily won the group two 
£17.907 Premio Ribot in course 
record lime at the Capannelle, 
Rome yesterday. A well-backed 
favourite at 13-10, Dick Hero’s 
colt never gave his supporters an 
anxious moment 
He hit tbe from over two 
furlongs out and stormed home 
5% lengths clear of Capo NorcL 
Lucky Ring was completing a 
trig race double for Briush 
raiders which had been initiated 
by Tarfb (Richard Hills) in the 
£15,532 Premio Umbria. The 
17-10 favourite, whose two pre- 
vious victories this year were 
gained in Germany, got up in 
the dying strides to thwart Sesin 
by a head. 

Abu M us fab (Geoff Baxter) 
and Matou (Willie Ryan) were 
both outpaced on the unusually 
fast ground and came home 
eighth and eleventh. War Brave 
did not run. Ray Cochrane, who 
rode Gimme Pleasure to dead- 
beat for third in the Umbria, 
followed up by landing the 
£18,312 Premio Guido 
Berardeili on the ex-British 
Mel bury Lad. Ryan did not 
leave empty handed either. He 
rode the 6-1 cjance. Kavir, to 
win tbe £JL273 Premio Pietro 
Pal mien, a listed handicap. 

• Sprowston Boy, impressive 
winner of the Aurelius Hurdle at 
Ascot on Saturday, is now 25-1 
with Hills for the Triumph 
Hurdle at Cheltenham. 

Saturday’s results 


1. lman 

■ vm> njaraL 

OUS Bridge (4-1fc Z Captain 
i (5-1): 3. St WfiZam (100-30). French 
1 2-1 fav. 5 ran. 


14) 1. Tetefcader (5-1); Z Robin 
Goodtetow (1M fan 3, Skjcgrange (3-1). 
B ran. wt ftanL 
130 1. Far B 
Union J 

ZB 1. Cbueeb Warden (12-1 fc 2. Berlin 
(9-2); 3. Amber Rambler (9-2). Desert 
Orcted 74 fav. B ran. NR: Cod Decision. 

„ MSI, nord(!W m a Marital (5-lfc 

BdLte" - One* (4-1): Z 
Mamberaon (9-1 j; 3. Course Hunter (64 
teyt 6 ran. 

£40 1. Spromon Boy (7-2): Z I 
Oyster (11-1): a Jazstas (lO-lj- Pr 
CnUd 6-5 lav. 10 ran. 


1.15 1. Strands Of Goid (11-10 lav); 2, 
Silent Vtotey 00060): 3. Tho DMkJar (14- 

145 1, Ferny Foster (11-10 ta*K Z 
Praoert Fur (7-5); *' " " 

130 1. Jotoe cfajS-Y z Baraooi 


(16-1^6 ran. 

3. Liverpool Rambler 

jMkl Fiefdom nobin Wonder 15* 

8 lav. 10 ran. 

3L45 1. Sharp Song (5-6 fevK Z 
Auckland Express (40-1); 3, Mr Chrt? (7-1 J. 
5 ML 

3.15 1, Groan Archer (14-1); 2, Norton 
Wamor(5-2 (art 3, Raffles Rogue {t4-ij. 
12 ran- NR: Wrajtetora, Kamphafl. 

3j* 5 1. Brtyany 0-1 fav): Z. Smart ta 
Black (ll-tk 3. Spntebnmd (5-1): 4, 
Ika*miiri»(7-'il9iwi. • 



(25-1); 3, Sand 


a. Moon Metal 


2.15 1. PartoyiMs Mu. « . 
Bwnblaa FdSy (5-1t a : 

tettWRuiMii4te*!riraL^ ,,a ' 1 






■*■ :r,z 

*■ ■*:: 


ih " 

S = - r , «d, 

^ '"• h?:. ‘i SN 

* v * \>,U'“£ a rii-JH 

L. r. 

~p» ,.- 

J* 3> 

—*-. ~. **si£ fi 

v„ - 



mot and anbtaT 


■V •> 

. ^”' :e «' fe 

.■•:/■ ^ ,r la 

• ®a* 

_. .“— '01115 
• ,: ' "W £ 

- : 'ftsissedfe 
'-•>.• th 

■■■’* ** tin 
r ~ r *?: 
•-'■:? eo- 

■ --Tjaa: 
■- v : “ *c 



: ;;‘“9 

••’ -72 

!rr v 




•g- LEVS 

• -: ? «"'• ^ -•■ ' 

■ f L>' 1 








When ‘Luekv Arsenal’ MKWiff: 11 Telford in different 

league as Burnley 
find nowhere to go 

could not believe their 
spot of four-goal luck 

D.. \K n>. . . . O 

By Vince Wright 

Southampton ... 
Arsenal ... 

Championship challengers 
tend to achieve improbable 
victories from unpromising 
situations. At half-time, with 
the scores level, few would 
have given Arsenal much 
chance of winning, lei alone 
by such a decisive margin, but 
helped by a large slice of luck 
they were a side transformed 
in the second half Saturday’s 
result meant that Arsenal went 
to the top of the first division 
for the first time in two years. 

The goalkeepers had the 
biggest say in the outcome. 
Lukic, of Arsenal, who has 
blossomed considerably this 
season, was excellent. He han- 
dled cleanly and mqHp three or 
four vital saves which in- 
cluded a second-half penalty 
from Wallace. Flowers, of 
Southampton, was unfortu- 
nate. He damaged his cheek- 
bone when conceding the 
penalty that broke the dead- 
lock and took no further part 
in the proceedings. 

Clarke took ova- between 
the posts and within lOmin- 
utes had been beaten three 
times. Wallace’s subsequent 
penalty miss confirmed that 
everything was going 
Arsenal's way and to add 
insult to Southampton’s in- 
jury. Groves ran through un- 
opposed to score the fourth 
goal with 12 minutes left. 

So Arsenal erased to their 
fourth successive away T^o tni» 
victory — and on. a. ground 
where they have come unstuck 
in recent years. They are 
unbeaten in fbar last 10 
League and Cup games, of 
wuch eight, have been won, 
yet the manager, George Gra- 
ham, refuses to gw carried 
away. • • 

Goalkeeper may 
ha ve to be signed 

Southampton face aa anx- 
ious fiw as Kn glarffl goal- 
keeper Peter ShBton derides 
whether he is fit enough to face 
Aston VQla tomorrow. 

His understndy Tim Flow- 
ers war carried off with a 
depressed fracture of the 

Flowers, making his home 
debut is place of h orn ed 
Shilton, looks set far a lengthy 
absence and manager Chris 
Nfcholl said: “IfPeter is not fit 
then m have to sign a 
goalkeeper on tom.” 

While he is delighted that 
the team have done so well so 
soon, he said that he was 
disappointed with some in- 
dividual performances against 
Southampton and that team 
spirit and organization had 
pulled Arsenal through. . It is 
perhaps significant that three 
of the players who were below 
par — Sananm, Adams and 
Rocastle — were on En gland 
duty last week. The demands 

of playing for their country 
seemed to leave them men- 
ially, if not physically, tirtd. 

Anderson was one who 
appeared not to suffer any 31 
effects. He sealed many of the 
boles in AxseaaFs defence and 
his knack of taking up good 
attacking positions was in 
evidence after 62 minutes 
when he headed a Wilhams 
free kick past Clarice’s despair- 

1 1 
> J 


By Clive White 

Norwich City — — 0 

Manchester United 0 

Manchester United were a 
revelation on Saturday. It was 
hard to believe that we were 
watching roughly the same 
group of individuals who had 
flunked their first examination 
under Alex Ferguson’s tutorship 
just a week before at Oxford. 
The dunce's cap has been hfted- 
United are on their way back to- 
the lop of the form. 

You had to be at Carrow 
Road to understand that since 
on the face qf things United 
were still found wanting m 
attack, unable to score agamst a 
side who played with 10 men for 
more than- -half the game. But- 
Ken Brawn, the Norwich man- : 
ager. saved his praises -for 
United's 1 1 rather than his own 
plucky ten. “You could see they 
had been worked on for a week. 

1 am glad we played Them today- 
— not in three weeks’ time T 
think you will see a vast change 
in them by then.” 

Beneath a faceless expression 
the Scot from the granite city 
must have been affording him- 
self his first wee smile since 
moving south. “There was a 
good pattern about them and, 
more importantly, they seemed 
to understand the- pattern. But 
the most encouraging thing was 
their willingness to play — and 
they can play by the way — all 
they need is a little selPbehefc" 
Ferguson said and added with a 
conviction against which (me 
sensed it was wise not to argue,. 
‘They're all right and they’ll he 
all right” 

There was certainly not a 
great deal wrong with them, 
although the need for a smart 
penalty-box player remains. De- 
spite a particularly energetic 
performance from Stapleton 
they cannot rely upon him to 
score with any regularity and 
Davenport, though fining a 

West Ham too 
smooth to 
enjoy the party 

By Simon CTHagmi 

Wimbledon's matches nearly 
always present a. contrast in 
styles but never more than when 
they arc playing West Ham 
United. So when the East End 
stickers brought their flash 
touches to. the home-spun 
environment of Plough Lane on 
Saturday it was an opportunity 
to see not so much two football 
teams 'in opposition as two 

As might have been expected. 
West Ham knew just a bit too 
much for Wimbledon's work- 
horses, winning 1-0 with a goal 
from Cottee [Grammes into the 
second half. The watching 
Bobby Robson must have been 
impressed. But it was hard going 
for West Ham, as h always is 
when vou turn up for a party m a 
suit and find all the other guests 
are wearing jeans. West. Ham 
maintain their unbeaten away 
record in the League. 

Closing on the leading group 
of clubs are Erertou, for whom 
Neville Southall underlined his 
return to form after fo/ury with 
an outstanding goalkeepmg 
performance in the 2-0 win at 
Leicester City. Everton’s scorers 
were Heath and Sheedy. • 

Oxford United penetrated 
the worst miss of the afternoon 
when the team bus left Queen s 
Park Rangers without seven 
players. It hardly seemed life 
way to" treat a side who were 
only denied victory last- 
minute goal from Byrne-. 
Houghton scored for Oxford.' . : 

Two other draws further 
showed how even things' a re in 
the lower reaches of the first 
division, Aston VOU and Chef- 
sea finding no way. past each 
other and Watford holding 
Newcastle United 2-2. Charl- 
ton's poor ran continued w)** 1 * 
2-1 defeat at Maachesley City.. 

variety of forward positions, 
was seldom in a scoring one: - 

The' service they received 
from two wingos was dis- 
appointing despite the often 
delightful approach work, not to 
mention defensive dfligcncc. of 
Olsen, whom Ferguson said be 
h ad do intention of rdeumg. 

- Ferguson said that Olsen bad a 
good tactical brain and under- 
stood what was required rather 
better than Barnes. . 

The forwards, however, did 
benefit in the first bait when the 
game was more open, from a 
new approach by United. Fer- 
guson has enco ur aged die 
defenders to hit their forwards 
earlier instead of building from . 

. the back. Shades of Wimbledon 
with more refinement 
-. It was injuries to tbe opposi- 
tion which fcompticate3 matters " 
for United. Ferguson blamed - 
himself for . not taking more 
, advantage by. greater adventure. 
United raced a more desperate 
foe then. It transpired that they 
had already been awarded there 
golden opportunity to win me 
gamehut Olsen a n d Moses both 
refused extraordinary good 
chances as did Bodjpon all' in 
the opening 13- minutes: 

Norwich had their chances 
too when Biggins 1m the cross- 
bar. Another from. Elliott rico- 
cheted off a fellow defender, 
struck tbe underside of his own 
crossbar and bounced down into . 
the grateful arms of Gunn, the . 
man of the match. . - 

It was ironic that the Gunn, 
the former .Aberdeen goal- 
keeper, recommended to Nor-' 
wiefa by Ferguson^ should be the 
one -to deny the United boss his 
first goal and victory. He is stall 
measure of bow successfully 
Ferguson completed his last job. 
NORWICH CflY: B OjorI CUteftiooea 

■ w isa?is^5as 

, P Mendham, t> Gordon. 

STER UMTBk C Turner J 


Btadunora, F Stepteton. PDawanpcrt P 

Barnes. . 

Raferao: J McAitisy. 

minutes boer Quinn, 
another ofArsenaTs successes, 
widened toe gap between the 
teams by powerfully he a rtin g 
home a Hayes comer but the 
crucial incident tad come 
earlier in the second half- A 
li ghtning Aneoal breakaway 
ted to Flowers bringing down 
Groves in the penalty area and 
inj tiring- himself in fire ooi- 
KstoiLTlrere was a long delay 
while Flowers was helped off 
fire field but Hayes composed 
himself to convert his fourth 
spot-kick of fire season. 

With Shilton still iqjured, 
Southampton have a goal- 
keepi ng problem for 
tomorrow’s Littiewoods Cup 
iourfit-round home tie against 
Aston Villa, apart from wor- 
ries about a defence which has 
conceded more goals than any 
other first division ride. 

Ttostafc Q Fomat. D An mbo no. J Out. 
M Wright J Ghana, G Laweanct, G 
Cocker*. C Ctafte. S Bakjr. D WNtoea. 
ARSENAL: J Lukic: V Anderson, K 
Sansom.S VWtama. OOTjMiy. A 
D Rocart* Cuts B Gaasaft P 1 
Oufcn, P Grows, M Hsyss. 

“ 'xaatHKfcig. 

of the 

By David Powefl 

By Pan! Newman 

Telford United 


■ *;?• ..T. ■ 

Up and under, round ball version: Donaghy is the lacker and Birtles the human crossbar 

Luton manager reserves his 
highest praise for Forest 

By Nicholas Hurling 

Luton Town. 

Nottingham Forest—. 

Tottenham Hotspw 1 

Coventry City 0 

David Pleat, in his first season 
.as Tottenham’s manager, is 
trying to fbrmukBe an accept- 
abtebalance between the beami- 
ful game fix- which his dub is 
.renowned and effectiveness. On 
Saturday . his potion was too 
strongly laced with the tetter. 

“The crowds do like skill in 
this country; they Hire to see 
clever things,” “Pleat said. “But 
the manager has to get results. It 
can be a terrible conflict at 
times.” ’ 

, HodcBe of Tottenham had 
been as artistic as Hoddle of 
England at Wembley in mid- 
week; .Waddle and Ardfles, too, 
had the odd trick up tbeir 
sleeves. But this was mainly a 

workman-tike p t nfonnanr r . 

Other than Coventry them- 
selves, only Newcastle United 
have screed fewer first division . 
(goals than Tottenham this -sea- 
son, yet Clive Allen is among 
the leading scorers. ' 

In stabbing home Paul Allen's 
cross after concise approach 
work from Waddle and Cteesen 
in the 21st minute, be screed his 
twelfth but only his chib's 
fifteenth League goaL 

What Coventry do not know 
about first division escapotogy 
is .hardly worth knowing, yet 
here they were with the chance 
of joining Liverpool and Not- 
tingham Forest at the bead of 
the League. . 

TOTraatAi^ HgTSjPjUK RCferosnca; C 

Cteesan. PAfa£ * 

COVENTRY CITY: S Ogrtewte. 8 Bop; 
mt, GO raws. L “c&SL 8 J 

Peaks. D Bomml D PMgw- C Ragfs, D 
Bnerson. N Pfckortng. 

For once the emphasis was on 
the visiting team at Kenilworth 
Road and not the absence of the 
visiting team’s . supporters. 
“Outstanding,” John Moore, 
the Lutozt manager, said. 

He was describing not his own 
side, who had extended their 
unbeaten home record, but Not- 
tingham Forest, who had made 
the Tint™ , bur not the most 
-ri gpificawf, contribution to a 
: unlikely to be bettered in 
\ this season. 

__ : trouble is, as Forest most 
have spent the rest of the 
weekend comem plating, there 
are no p ri zes for being best over 
the last 74 min utes even if it is 
dial period of Saturday's march 
that win be be most affec- 
tionately remembered by the 
crowd, whose applause ax the 
end was rapturous. Never mind 
the scordme, you could hear 
Forest, saying, just fed the 

Crucially for Forest, the 16 
minutes they took adjusting to 
the artificial surface was their 

undoing. By the tin* they had 
found their feet they were three 
goals down and heading the 
same way, it seemed, as 
Southampton, who 13 months 
ago were crushed 7-0. 

The difference was that For- 
est. unlike Southampton and 
indeed Liverpool a month ago, 
did not lie down and die. 
Sticking obstinately, so we 
thimgtif to their virtues of 
playing football whatever the 
adversity, and in fear perhaps of 
the wrath of Brian Clough, they 
took the game so i r repressibly to 
Luton that the outcome was 
always in doubt. 

From the imperious Mmgod 

midfield, i 
on the flanks, they had driven 
ever forward in. search of 
rtfnnw: for Nigel Gough and 
Birtks. Had Gough, twice in a 
few seconds, been abte to cap- 
italize on through passes from 
Mills, Lnton might have spent 
the interval choking on their tea. 

As H was. Luton emerged for 
the second half with the security 
of a 3-1 lead, which was in- 
creased when Brian Stein curled 
in the goal of the match from his 
brother Mark's pass. When 
Birtles drove in Forest’s second 

from Clough’s pass in the eighti- 
eth minute h was tempting fete 
at the time to say the goal had 
come too hie for Forest which 
ultimately it had. 

Reeling maybe from the ech- 
oes of a pre-match firework 
display. Forest had found them- 
selves a goal down within 35 
seconds. They could obviously 
have done with the mini para- 
chutes released by the fireworks, 
judging by their inability to cope 
with the aerial prowess of Mark 
Stein, who is all of 5ft 3m. 

He plunged in with his first 
header after Newell had got the 
better of Metgpd and Walker 
from Sealey's long downfidd 
iririr and beaded the v«wiJ 
when Newell nodded Wilson’s 
free (tick against the other side of 
the bar. A further header from 
the more likefy brow of Foster 
from a corner by Nicholas had 
put Luton 3-0 op after 16 
minutes, after which Sawyer's 
low drive launched Forest on 
their unavailing recovery. 

UTTON TOWN: L Sutar. T Brawsor. R 
Johnson. P Nlcnofcs. S few*. M 
Donaghy. R WHson. B Stein. M NbwWL M 
SwtvTa Gnmes (Hiir D McDonough). 
S utt s r wo rtti . S Pasrce. D Writer. J 
Msuod, I Bowyar. F Cur, N Webb. N 

Referee A NBuksft. 

The scenes after a non-Leagnc 
side have knocked League oppo- 
nents out of the FA Cup are 
usually predictable enough. The 
players stay on the pitch to take 
the acclaim of the crowd, the 
manager nuts out to congratu- 
late them and the supporters 
refish every minute of it, know- 
ing they may never have cause 
for such celebrations again. 

After Telford United’s victory 
at home to Burnley in the first 
round of the Cup on Saturday, 
you could have been forgiven 
for thinking yon bad got the 
result wrong. The Telford man- 
ager shook, hands with Burnley’s 
officials and made straight for 
the tunneL The Telford players 
immediately headed in the same 
direction, stopping only to 
shake hands with their oppo- 
nents on the way. The crowd 
cheered and dapped, but within 
minutes Telford’s Buck’s Head 
ground was empty. 

Such reactions were perhaps 
not surprising. Telford make a 
deliberate effort these days not 
to take Cup success for granted, 
but even the bookmakers 
considered them favourites to 
win this match. 

Burnley, eighth from bottom 
of the fourth division, were up 
against a team with the most 
consistent Cup giant-killing 
record in the last 60 years. In 
five seasons Telfoid have 
claimed 10 League scalps, be- 
come the first non- League dub 
in modern times to knock out 
four League teams in one sea- 
son, JosJ only four om ofl 9 Cup 
games agamst League opposi- 
tion (away to Tramsere Rovers, 
Everton and Derby County 
twice); and remained un- 
defeated in eight home games 
against League sides. 

If the statistics pointed to 
another “upset”, the merits of 
Telford's latest win should not 
be overlooked. This was still a 
team of part-timers, who usually 
train together only once a week, 
against full-time professionals, 
including five with extensive 
first division experience. Yet the 
only differences m class and 
style were reflected in the 
sooreline. Telford played the 
better football, created more 
Humrre and a p p e a red to have 
far greater belief in their ability. 

Brian Miller. Burnley's man- 
ager. said Telford were “as rood 
as a lot of fourth division sides”. 
Leighton James, the Lancashire 
chib’s highly e xperienced for- 
mer Welsh international winger, 
thought his team had created 
enough opportunities to have 
won, but was still very im- 
pressed by Telford. 

“They don’t just boot the ball 
and run after it like a lot of noo- 
Leaggc and fourth division 
sides,” James said. “I hope a 
team like them win promotion 
to the League because they try to 
play football”. 

Telford's first goaL. after 19 
minutes, typified their direct, 
incisive style. After one a tt ack 
had broken down, McGinty 
immediately set up another on 
Urn right flank. His penetrating 
cross was deftly flicked on by 
McKenna to Morgan, who 
timed his ran perfectly to scon: 
from close range. 

McGinty increased the lead 
from the penalty spot 14 min- 
utes later after Gallagher bad 
handled »nd when McKenna 
scored with a delightful lob five 
minima into the second half the 
contest was as good as over. 
Burnley had a spell of heavy 
pressure mid-way through the 
second half, but Telford finished 
on top and could have won by a 
wider margin. 

“Burnley bad three c h a nc es 
a nd we could have scored seven 
or eight,” Stan Storton, the 
Telford manage, mf “1 
thought this Telford side was 
better « the one that reached 
the fifth round two years ago 
and today they proved n. We 
won't fear anybody now" . 

Burnley can banfly took to the 
future with sneb optimism. 
Recalling their 1-0 defeat at 
home to Wimbledon (then of 
the Southern League) 1 1 years 
ago, James said: “Losing today 
is worse than that. When we lost 
to Wimbledon we were second 
or third in the first division and 
so had somewhere to go, some- 
thing to look forward to after 
. getting knocked ouL Now we're 
in the bottom half of the fourth 
division and you wonder where 
we go from here.” 

TELFORD UWTHh K Chariton. J 
McGinty. H Wkgna. A GrtflUn. S Nstaon. 
M Hancock, A Josaph, T Morgan, K 
McKenna, E Hogan. J Atoock. 

BURNLEY: J Naanan. P Main, P Hamp- 
ton (sme d H aa a ow A w kxImm, j 
G afortwr. R Daalda. I Britton (aufe R 
Reps). N Grewcoe*. D Partcar.L Jamaa, A 

Rafaraa: M O Road. 

King just the job 
for Caernarfon 

Oldham resolute in reprise 

By Peter Ball 

Leeds United 

* 0 

Old ham AtMpfic.... 



Just like a year ago, Oldham 
were in second place when they 
travelled into Yorkshire for 
their 15th match of the season 
on Saturday. There the similar- 
ity ends. . . 

In 1985 they lost 1-0 at 
Barnsley to begin a run of 10 
games without a win which saw 
them plummet down the second 
division table. On Saturday a 
resolute performance a g a ins t 
Leeds, a team with their own 
pretentions, swept Oldham to 
the top of the table with an 
authority which suggests they 
will be hard to shift. . . 

It was their sixth away wi n ro 
eight matches, and with their 
*- J ic pitch giving them a 
: advantage at home, and 

much greater depth m their 
squad than test year, the outlook 
is bright. “It was an important 
game for us psychologically,” 
.Joe Royle remarked happily 
afterwards; “because, if we had 
lost, people would have started 
reminding us about test season”. 

In feci, in spite of some 
promising Leeds attacks in the 
first 20 minutes, Oldham never 
looked likely to lose. They had 
to survive the early storms and 
they did so with a professional- 
ism which may not have en- 
deared itself to the watching 
Ron Atkinson or the home 
crowd, but which is the hall- 
mark of teams who actually win 
things. In all the fury of the early 
onslaughts Gorham's main 
activity was fielding back passes 
as l jp » £hfln, revelling once 
again in discomforting his ok) 
dub, and Hoolkkin threw up an 
impassible barrier in from of 
their goalkeeper. 

In mid-field, Milligan,, the 
promising young Republic of 
Ireland Un tier-2 1 international, 

. Pialmer and Henry harried and 
hassled the clever Sheridan and 
an un usually subdued Saodin 
into submission. By half-time 
the steam had been taken out of 
the home side, and in the second 
half Oldham asserted them- 
selves with growing conviction. 

Having done their defensive 
job so weU, their mid-field began 
to play with increasing freedom. 
Milligan, with a dipping volley 
from 25 yards, arid Williams, 
with a beautiful shot curled into 
the comer beyond Day's grasp, 
came forward in celebration. 

LEEDS UNITED: M Day; N Aspki, R 
RobinsoQ, I Snodn, J Asriursi. B Omsby, 

J Budday. J Shendan. 1 Bart, R Taylor. A 

Ot-DHAM ATHLETIC: A Gorsm, D Irwtn, W 
Dcnacfae. G Hootc fcin . A Lmtohan, G 
Wtiaatt, R Palmer. A Henry, T Wngtt, R 
Funner, M Mtfltoan. 

Mr MCBsBey. 

John King thought of apply- 
ing for the manager's job at 
Stockport County when it fen 
vacant recently (Paul Newman 
writes). He has stayed however 
with Caernarfon Town, the 
Multipart League dub he has 
managed for the last year, and 
after their 1-0 victory over 
Stockport in the first round of 
the FA Cup on Saturday he bad 
every reason to feel pleased. 

King, who has always hoped 
to return to the professional 
game since leaving Tranmere 
Rovers six years ago, said 
yesterday: “I decided that Stock- 
port knew where I was if they 
wanted me. but 1 heard nothing. 
I do feel my track record is 
pretty good and that I could do a 
good job for someone.” 

In his year at Caernarfon, 
King has taken the Welsh club 
away from the bottom of the 
league and into championship 
contention. Saturday's victory 
was secured by one of his 
signings, Austin Salmon, who 
hit the winning goal against the 
fourth division's bottom side 
after 31 minutes. Salmon joined 
Caernarfon after being released 
by Multipart rivals Wition Al- 

Telford United, 3-0 con- 
querors of Burnley, were the 
only other non-League giant 
killers, but four forced replays. 
Whitby Town drew 2-2 with 

Doncaster Revere, who equal- 
ized ten minutes from time, and 
Bishop's Stortferd, Charley and 
WeaUstoae drew 1-1 against 
C olchester United, Wriwr- 
hampton Wanderers and Swan- 
sea City respectively. Wallace 
hit a last-minute equalizer to 
keep Wealdstone alive. 

Woodford Town wena wilhin 
90 seconds of a replay against 
Orient before Foster scored the 
only goal of the game,- and 
Tranmere needed two penalties 
to win 3-2 away to Speunymoor 

The best Cup attendance of 
the day was al^ Middlesbrough, 
where a crowd of 11,205 saw 
Saven score three times against 
Blackpool to give the home ride 
revenge for a recent third di- 
vision defeat against the same 
opponents. The highest scorers 
of the day were BoarnemoRth, 
who crushed Fareham 7-2. 

• Bristol Rovers’ fust round FA 
Cup game against Brentford at 
Bath yesterday was postponed 
because of a waterlogged pitch. 

REPLAY OATS <7.30 unless stated): 
TodatoChatastort v Wfotong-TowSoS; 

Botton v HaBfax; Cambridge v Exeter 
(7j4a Cartte v Notts County: CQtahaoNr 
v BNnolp's Stortonk Doncaster v WNttw; 
Enfield v Hartford: Fulham v Haretont 


First division 

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Leicester C8y 0 Everttn 2 

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Norton 4; SMdan 5, Hsrti«xxti few 1. 
rormfcW Auewand 4, HamngionCWO. 

HrMtgv Iater BRnop Auckland i. Grama 

3; Cheste to Srest 1, Bfiph Spartans ft 
ra ac swto Baa star i. Tow in* ft 

ft Wrgm Wafer 0, Gotoamang ft Wosi- 

Mdl. ChoMBtn 5. 

Piuiikr r Ew iB irflcwn gflo n ftWaigaaA; 

London Cotney 3, LOferOaHan Hosptel ft 

Mount Grace ft Sun Sports ft Pfefc Stoat 
4, Coiney Heath ft Potters Bar ft 

Badmond Sood 4; Rgjb Royce 0. St 

Margaratstuy 2. Postponed: J and M v 
Lavarstock dsen. 

must: Artasey 2, Stodbld ft Ashcroft Co- 
op 3. Barton ft Blpefewnfe 2. AmpthR ft 
Eaton Bray ft Laghton 1; ShBtagmn 1. 
VauxhaD Motes Z El FC 1 , Kempston ft 
Tonomhoe 3. Potton ft 
Old ChOknafians ft Lancro OB 1. Fsst 
dbiiaiaB Forasfers ft ddwMcetwrists 1: 
Old Sstopfens 4. Old bfeans 1: Oto 
WMngOinma 0. ou waatoNRston 4. 

ReWia n- T: Hw«jiu«h ft 
LeschworthOCft WoharttolJ 
Ouriftt 2/ ChuoiUfftt.. — r 










Eahanwa 2, Old Saiianars Z West 
Wickham ft Norseman ft Meyn OB 3, 
Barclays Sank 2. Old B io rr fe ns 3. East 
Bomat CX3 0: Midland Bank 3. Btis 3; Old 
Partartana ft Uoyds Bank l; GW* of 
‘ ' ft ad Lyom&ns o: Cureo 4. ou 

round: WSA 4. Boldmera St Michaets t . 
Dtoan 3. Fleet 0. 

LEAGUE Premier rSvHca: Utile Osktey 
6, Brantham 1; How he dga ft Bury 4; 
Stowmarkat 4. Branrea ft Tiptraa 1, 
Swnwy 1; Hatflsld Paverel 1. FaBratrnm 
a Ojc Flat found: B remston ft 
W o nrtingtoid 1; Stomray 4, Lawtoni 3 
giaQ. Second rand: Gas Rec ft a Johns 

dmaioa: Amersham ft Waflham Abbey 1; 
nrwrnniitlnlil ft Hanwefl 1; CorfnBtian 
Casuals 1, Pennant 2; Dsuon 1. 
Brimsdwm 1: Ulysses 1, Edgwara ft 
Yeodna ft Crown and Manor 2. Post- 
poned; Northwood v Southgato; 
BarUngsUa v RadhO. Am dnta 
Brontiey 1. North Graentort ft ChuwaB 
fttitoa 1. CWngtort 3c PBnhN Standard 3, 
Wandsworth and Norwood ft Royal 
Arsenal ft Swanfay 1: T ha maam u ad 3, 
Phoanh V. Watoiam ft Southwark Sports 
Z Cattordft BROBBamu 1. 

Pr e m ie r ■Mates CranMd 4, New 
BradMD St POMr 1: Hoddasdon 5, 
Shafted 1; Selby 1, Lanted ft Welwyn 
GC2, MBun Keynes 1, Winslow 1, Ptnon 

Essex sanoR league Burnham ft 
Ford 1: Eaa Thurrock ft Carney btamfl; 
Halstead 8, Brightnngaea 1; 
SawMdgeworth 1, Maron 4. 

LEAGUE Punier dtosiOK Brsckfey ft 
P tagwwP l. Dashoroutfi ft St Naeta 4; 

Bouma 1 ; Nortaampton^Mra^ft 
Hottwach 1; Rounds ft Baldock 1; S and L 
Cortiyft Woo&mft 


ponad: Gateshaad v Ktodamwisar. 


Close final but 
Flyers skate 
off the victors 

By Norman de Mesqmta 

Fife Flyers 

ham Panthers, 



The introduction of ice 
hockey to the National Ex- 
hibition Centre for Saturday's 
Norwich Union cup final was an 
unqualified success — the setting 
was perfect, the large crowd 
enthusiastic and the game lo- 
udly absorbing. 

The final result was decided 
in the second minute of sudden 
death overtime, following 60 
minutes of play when there was 
never more than one goal 
between the two weH-maidied 

Jimmy Jack, gave Fife Flyert 
the lead in the third minute, 
only for Fred Perlini to level 
things six minutes laler. The 
only power-play goal of the 
match, by Gordon Latto, re- 
stored Flyers’s lead, but Jim 
Keyes scored on a rebound to 
take the teams to the dressing 
rooms for the first interval level 
at 2-1 

Terry Kurtenbach, who was 
outstanding for Nottingham 
Panthers, gave them the lean for 
the first timeemty in the second 
period, but a brilliant individual 
goal by Dave Sloyanoyitch en- 
sured the teams were tied at 3-3 
at the second interval. 

Keyes for Panthers and 
Sioyanovitch for Flyers meant 
the game went into overtime 
with the first goal to decide. 
Both rides had chances, but it 
was Panthers who prevailed 
when Andy Donald could only 
parry a long shot from, Gavin 
Baser and Layton Erratt was on 
hand to score from IS feet. 

This was lough on Donald, 
who was, quite rightly, the man 
of the match. But Panthers just 
about deserved their first suc- 
cess since the present ice hockey 
revival started. 


















. a 






!!.?.» * I » *1,3 » ■} a 


Noah’s perseverance 
paves way past new 
Swede for all seasons 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 


Yannick Noah took three 
hours and 49 minutes to beat 
Jonas Svensson by 6-2, 6-3, 6- 

(u \?~ 5 “ a su P erb final at 
wenAtey yesterday. Noah 
had five match points in the 
hfrbreak that ended the third 

. .This was Noah’s fifth final 
of the year in Grand Prix 
tournaments; in three of the 
others he had been beaten by 
Swedes. He has not been 
completely match fit since last 
April, when a suitcase 
dropped out of an aircraft 
luggage rack onto his beeL In 
view of that question mark 
against his fitness, together 
with the fact that he expends 
his energy freely, it seemed 
nicely that Noah would have 
to wm in three sets or not at 
aiL Those expectations were 
totally, confounded in the 
course of a wonderfully thrill- 
ing final that confirmed 
Noah's status and also made it 
dear that Svensson, aged 20. 
has leapt into the front ranks 
on merit. 

Svensson won the Cologne 
tournament earlier this year 
and was runner-up at Stutt- 
gart. The son of a dentist, he is 
test developing into a com- 
posed, quick-witted and ver- 

satile player, a Swede for all 
seasons. He is an inventive 
tactician and has the wrist- 
work and touch and racket- 
control to make his ideas 
work. But he began yes- 
terday's match rather ner- 
vously. malting a few errors 
that had been anything but 
typical of his tennis earlier in 
the tournament. 

Svensson is unfamiliar to 
the leading professionals, who 
have yet to work out what be 
is likley to do in this sort of 
practical situation. But Noah 
had at least worked out the 
fret that it is dangerous to go 
to the net against a player of 
Svensson’s class unless the 
groundwork had been done 
thoroughly. Noah reminded 
us what a patient and com- 
petent tactician he can be. He 
is a marvellous athlete and a 
strong man, but be is also 
shrewd and discreet 

From 2-2 in the first set 
Noah won five consecutive 
games. He was playing like a 
whirlwind, hurtling all over 
the place - twice he cleared 
the court-side barrier — and 
performing some astonishing 
acrobatics. Time and again be 
measured his length on the 
court He also varied his game 

A doubtful pleasure 

. Chicago — Ham Mandlibova 
has the dubious pleasure of 
facing the No. 1, Martina 
Navratilova, for the second time 
in six days, in the final of the 
Vhsmia Stuns tournament in 
Chicago (Barry Wood writes). 
The pair contested the final of 
the . New En gtawd tourn ament 
which Navratilov* won easjiy. 
and. last night. Miss 
Mandlibova was determined to 
make for what had been 

It will be Mbs Mandllltora’s 
fifth final of the year — all ter 
previous matches had been 
played against Navratilova — 


is costly 
for Murray 

From Keith Wheatley 

Australia IV beat Kookaburra 
III here yesterday in one of the 
closest races and finishes seen in 
the America’s Cup trials. No- 
where in the 24-mxIe race were 
the yachts mare than 20 seconds 
apart — that was until a collision 
on the third leg. In a breath- 
taking finish only two seconds 
separated the pair as they 
crossed the line. 

Soon after the start and 
hammering up the first beat into 
a 14 knot breeze there was never 
more than two boat lengths 
between the two yachts. It was 
on the next work that disaster i 
struck. A dose pass by Beashel 
under the stern of Kookaburra 
III carried away the fixed 

Two-thirds of the way up the 
final beat the margin was still 
two boat lengths in favour of 
Australia IV. Kookaburra m 
was back in shape for a tacking 
duel to the mark but was 21 
seconds adrift when the big 
orange buoy came abeam. 

After the race Kookaburra skip- 
per Iain Murray was ve- 
hemently critical of Australia IV 
in relation to the third-leg 
mishap that damaged his boat 
He described the incident, 
which tore a 136mm in the stern 
of his boat, as effectively ending 
the race. 

Steak ’rf Kidney bt South Australia (South 
Aiotnta withdraws); Kookaburra HI bt 
Koofcabura II. 4sec Australia IV M 
Aintrab IN. 1:10. Yesterday: Kookaburra 
H bt Steak “o' Kidney, 254: Australa Dl bt 
South Austrafek 1:4% Austria IV bt 
Kookaburra HI. 002. 


W L PtB 

Kookaburra H> 18 1 21 

Auatratta IV 13 4 18 

Kookatxvra n 12 5 17 

Austrafia HI 6 11 8 

South Austrafis J J3 S 

SCMk Vf Kidney 1 18 2 

TODAY'S RACES: Australia W v Kooka- 
burra w: Steak tf Kidney v Austraba IV; 
Kookaburra H v South AustraEa. 

V L Pb 

New Zealand 22 1 66 

Amenea H_ 20 3 56 

start n - Stripes 18 5 46 

Ranch Kiss 13 10 45 

USA IS 8 43 

White Crusader 15 8 43 

Canada 8 11 '2 31 

aSTl 11 12 27 

Eagle 8 15 24 

Hast rf America f IS 13 

Azzu na(i q _ 3 20 11 

Chaflenga Franca 2 21 2 


7.30 unless stated 
FA Cup first round, replay 
Chel msf ord v Woking 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rnt dtvi a ioa: 
Lefeaater v Derby (7JJ). 

vnfam: Stevenage Borough v Tibunr- 
Second dtutaton north: Vauxhal Motors v 
Ware. AC Detea CUp: Bognqr Re^s v 
Harrow: Borough Croydon v Henley. 
SOimSIN LEAGUE Bfl Delaw Can: 
FM toiBKfc Catty v WeBtagtjoraurih -. 
He dn estad v Dudley; Salisbury v Poole. 

d w tete a: YaCTrit v Oevtees. 

FA YOUTH CUP: Hot round re pla y . 
Belton v OkSoBn 

Renter Oxtbrt United V B k rmng ha m City 

and all lost The only occasion 
she even took a set was in the 
best of five sets Virginia Slims 
charapMasbips in New York last 

Ia the semi-final in Chicago 
she defeated Pam Shriver 6-4, 3- 
6, 7-5 in a ■— H B iftiM i i maMi 
that had the players hugging 
each other at the net in setf- 
cougra rotation. Miss Shriver 
said: “lt*s trice when yon can 
look across the net and see 
respect, and h works both 
ways.” In the other senri-fmal 
Mbs Navratilova beat Zina 
Garrison 6-2, 7-5. 

astutely and he seldom gave 
Svensson much of a target at 
which to shoot. Noah stayed 
back unless he had every 
justification for going forward. 
Consequently Svensson had 
to create winning openings for 
himself. This was almost 
impossible, because Noah's 
service seemed impregnable. 

It was not until the end of 
the third set that Svensson had 
a chance. The Swede was 5-4 
np in that set when be had his 
first break point of the match. 
Noah had three break points 
in the next game but we were 
soon launched upon one of 
those incredible tie-breaks 
that have been such a dra- 
matic embellishment of the 
game’s recent history. 

This tie-break contained 26 
points, five of them match 
points to Noah and four of 
them set points to Svensson. 
Svensson won that tie-break 
when a good service return set 
up the opening for a winner. 

Noah had served nine aces 
and had only once had a break 
point against him. But he had 
been at work for two hours 
and 18 minutes and now had 
to endure the awful prospect 
of a fourth seL It was soon 
evident that the energy was 
ebbing out of him. 

Even so, Noah hong on, 
concentrating his energies on 
the important points and hop- 
ing that Svensson would 
weaken — mentally or phys- 
ically. Svensson won the 
fourth set and had five break 
points for a 5-4 lead in the 
fifth. But by this time Noah 
bad somehow found a second 
or third wind. His experience 
and unflinching will saw him 
through Svensson’s backhand 
ultimately became the de- 
cisive flaw. But both men 
emerged with great crediL 

RESULTS: Sanitate: J Svensson {9wel 
bt L Pbnefc (CzL 6-3, 7-8: Y Noah (Rr) bt J 
Kriek (US). 7-B, 6-4. Fro* Noah bt 
Svensson. 6-2. 83. 6-7, 4-6. 7-5. 


> ir 



Dawn but not oat: Yannick Noah takes a tumble but he persisted to defeat Jonas Svensson at Wembley yesterday 


Flora comers a winner 

By Sydney Frisian a good start with Davatvai 

Buckinghamshire 3 

Hampshire 2 

Buckinghamshire, whose 
hockey fortunes had declined in 
recent years, qualified for the 
preliminary round of the county 
championship after defeating 
Hampshire on an afl-weatber 
pitch at Langley yesterday. 

Conditions were hardly con- 
ducive to good play and Buck- 
inghamshire, who lost a 2-0 
lead, renewed their endeavours 
late in the second half to obtain 
the match-winner. 

It came from a short comer 
converted by Baji Flora while 
Hampshire were reduced to 10 
men. Roberts having been sent 
off with a yellow temporary 
suspension card for deliberately 
hitting the ball away with the 
back of his stick. 

Buckinghamshire got away to 

a good stan with Davatvai 
scoring from a free bit taken on 
tire right by Kali Sa»n«- Minutes 
later. Baji Flora scored from a 
short comer. 

Hampshire, inspired by 
Faulkner, recovered their 
composure and by halftime had 
drawn level through Roberts, 
who converted two short cor- 
ners with superb hits. 
Bladwatfi (Surbiton), G Baum 
MaCanhead). II Fkaa (StautfR K 
Davatvai (Slouch). H Soodtai (Sough). K 
Saiol (StoughLB Hora CSIoughj, SHokt 
(Stoigh Ts fere* (A S Mae 
(Oxford Unm. 

HAMPSKK&T La— co (Faretetn). sub T 
Raid (GuMfortfe G la— a i (Faratam), D 
Roberta (Havant), R Garcia (Havant). D 
Hector (Troians). D Bndbury (FerehamL 
D Faataer (Havant). H Watts (TroiansL C 
Bradbv y (Fareitani). M Bakor (TroSnsS. P 

Uapm: L Aten and R Ford (Southern 

• Staffordshire qualified for tire 
county championship quarter- 
finals when they beat Worcester- 
shire 3-2 at Perry Paik in the 
Midlands final yesterday. 


Davis caps 
fine year 
with a win 

Melbourne (Renter) — Two 
years after he weal broke whea a 
hotel venture faded, Rodger 
Dans capped a superb year by 
winifog the Australian Open 
tide at the Metropolitan Club 

The 35-year-old from Sydney 
collected a first-prize cheque for 
£23^60 when fellow- Australian 
Ian Baker-Finch, who bad led 
from the opening day. let victory 
slip from his grasp by going one 
era- par at the 16th and two over 
at the 17th. 

Davis’s fay! fnur-under-par 
68 carried him through by one 
stroke with a 10- odder -par total 
of 278, with Baker-Finch joint 
second beside two more Austra- 
lians, Bob Shearer and Graham 

Defending champion Greg 
Norman shared seventh place on 
282 with Bernhard Laager, id 
West Germany, aad Vaughan 
Somers, of Australia. 

Davis's dream year bean 
when be won the British PGA 
tide in May. Later be upset 
Severiano BaHesteras in the 
World Match Bay champion- 
ship and was unbeaten as 
Australia retained the DtmhiU 
Cup team tide at St. Andrews. 

After a bod case of the potting 
"yips”, Davis dropped out of 
tournament golf at the end of 
1982 to run a motel on 
Q—riteft Smhfae Coast. 

When he reached the brink of 
ram late ia 1984, Mi 
wife Item urged hhn to return to 
golf. "We didn't know where we 
were going after the motel foiled. 
1 jam had to come bad to golt" 
Eteris said. 

The lon g hoars sprat an 
improving his chipping and 
puttin g has finally brought him 
the rewards he seught- 

“I had a lot of second places 
and e v e r ything seemed to go 
agrinst me. Now all of a sodden 
it s gone for me,” he said. 



Hull left trailing 

By Kdth Macklm 

Hun ... 




The touring ' team were 
warmly applauded as Peter Ster- 
ling, the former Hull player, led 
them onto the field, and won 
further applause when they went 
across to shake hands with a 
group of handicapped people 
who had been given special 
Loachline seats as guests of the 
Hull dub. 

The goodwill ended there, 
however. In what often became 
a brawling and ill-tempered 
pifltrh, the Australians weath- 
ered yet another early assault by 
a dub side to run np a 
substantial score. They could 
have topped the 50 mark but for 

One OT tWO imiHnal handling 

lapses and a couple of forward 
passes when tries were assured. 

Once tire Australians un- 
leashed their remarkable pace 
and power, Hull were left trail- 
ing in their wake. Time and time 
again Hull attempted to find a 
way through, only to lose pos- 
session and watch helplessly as 

the Kangaroos raced to the other 
end for tries! Australia scored 
nine tries, through Haster (2), 
Sterling, Meninga, Lamb (2), 
Miles, Jack and Shearer and 
O'Connor kicked six goals. 

The veteran international, 
Norton, and Crooks, the current 
international, attempted to get 
the Hull forwards moving; but 
they met firm and bruising 
lariHing from the Australians, 
and it was on these occasions 
that flare-ups erupted with, 
Dowling, of Australia, and Steve 
Crooks and Dannatt, of Hull, 
being despatched to the sin (tin. 

Hull rarely looked like scor- 
ing, and a touring squad bearing 
most of the names that will 
repre sen t Australia next Sat- 

in a manner which bodes ill 
Great Britain. 

THarc Master (2). 
nga, Mtos, Jack. 

Lamb ft. 

HULL: Kembte: Eastwood, O'Hara. Vasa. 
McCoid; All Kuol, Wlndkr Efrcvm. S 
Crooks. Dan&an, Norton, L Crooks. 

AUSTRALIANS: Jack; O’Connor. Mies. 
Msrtngs. Shearer Lamb. SWtag: 
Dowfcng, Simmons. Daley, Cte&l, Nefcing, 

Referee: J ESmtt) (HaKax). 

Mysons restore pride 

While Hull were taking the 
customary thrashing from the 
Australians and Hull Kingston 
Rovers were being beaten 24- J8 
by a late Halifax burst, the 
amateur dub, Myso n s, were 
restoring the pride of Humber- 
side, beating the second division 
dub. Ratiey. 8-2 to take their 
place in the first round proper of 
the John Player Special Trophy. 

There were several surprising 
results and a close shave for the 
fust division leaders, St Helens, 
who seemed destined to lose 
their unbeaten record at Old- 
ham. A test-gasp uy and goal 
enabled the Saints to squeeze 

In a nail-biting finish at 
Casdrf o rd. Sfilford team won 

for the first time this season. 
With the score at 21-16. Plange 
scored a try for Castieford, but 
Scott foiled, with the vital 


n»™i row Maom 4, fnwwo 



TOUR M ATCH: H JI 0. Austrato 48. 
tofott 20. Salford; Leads 16. Wrcrington 
54; Oktam 17. St Helens 18; WUnes 14, 
Bradford 36. Wigan 31. LbUi Ot Heflta 
24. Hi* KR 18- Seco nd dhteteo: Riftafn 
1ft Dembuy ft Hwatat 22. Ruwoni 14; 
KataNey 12. Brarntey 18; Mmsfiekl 1ft 
Carfcio 28; SeMon 20. Don cas ter 9; 
Whitehaven 26. Btackpool 10; York 17. 

Pitow l e aii mete: Baasv 2. Mysons 8: 
Woridngten 1R HuddanteU ft 


Sajid Ali 
opens for 

From Richard Streeton 

West Indies play the fourth 
one-day international with Paki- 
stan here today slightly . 
apprehensive about the recep- 
tion they might receive from the , 
spectators. They have not vis- ; 
ited this crtysince the inaugural 
Test match here six years ago 
was maned by Sylvester Clarke 
who threw a brick into the 

Clarke, who bad been the 
target for a lot of fruit thrown 
onto the field retaliated with a 
brick into a stand and seriously 
injured a young student wbo 
later had a brain operation. The 
incident brid up play while the 
crowd demons! rated .Armed , 
police will be present in strength 
today. West Indies, wbo have 
already gained a winning 3-0 \ 
lead in the series have deferred 
announcing their twin* It is 
possible that one or two key 
players might be rested, 
remembering that the fifth and 
final inter national is dir in 
Hyderabad tom o rrow, and the 
third Test match starts in Ka- 
rachi on Thursday. Pakistan 
have brought in a new opening 
batsman Sajid Ali, for his first 
cap and have dropped Rizwan- 
uz-Zaman. Sajid Ali has been a 
consistent scorer for Karachi 
Whites fix' several seasons, and 
it hoped be will help to give the 
inning* the sound start that has 
been missing lately. 

PAKISTAN: Shotib Mobanxnal. Said AI, 
Rnu Reja. Jerad Mended. Anmed. 
Imran Khan (c ap t ai n! Manzoor BaM. 
AbcM Qai*r. Sa&m Yousuf. Taiaaaf 
Atiaaft B alaa m Jallar. 

WEST NXES (from): C G QrcjBnWge, D L 
Hqgws. RBHlchgrt 50 a.HAG 0 maB.IV 
A Richards (captain). P J Dujon. R A 
Hgprc. M D Marahaft WK R Barqamta, A 
L Logie. B P Patterson. A H Gray. C A 
Wkfcfi.C G Butts . T R 0 Payne. 

UgfcUK C Shakoar Ftara and Mahboab 

Third stage 


By David Dnffield 

The difficulties facing die 
drivm on the first day of the 
Lombard RAC rally were viv- 
idly illustrated when Louise 
Ailken- Walker, of Britain, went 
off the road and hita parked car, 
an ambulance and a spectator in 
a high-speed accident on the 
third special stags at Sutton 
Park, Birmingham. Later 
competitors were delayed for 20 
minutes, Aitkeu-Walker contin- 
ued the race with a dam a g ed 
front end on her Nissan 240RS, 

Heavy rain in the last few 
days has turned the surfoce of 9 
the gravel sections of the rally 
route into a consistency of thin 
brown porridge lying on top of 
stony ruts. Even the tarmac 
yrti A nfL with fallen leaves and 
muddy passages, have been 
difficult. . . _ 

KaBe Gnmdel spun his Fold 
RS200 on special stage one at 
Badminton, as did Willie 
Rutherford in an MG Metro 
6R4, this time in front of the 
television cameras. 

Top driveis were still making 
errors on special stage two at 
Cirencester Park. Malcolm Wil- 
son went straight on at a 
junction, losing a few valuable 
seconds. Russell Brookes, in his 
rear-wheel-drive Opel Mama 
400. went off the road, losing 
about 30 seconds. 

Markka Alen, in his Lancia 
Delta S4, hit logs and bent the 
passenger’s door. Alen. who 
needs to beat Juha Kankkumten 
this week to have any chance of 
w inning the world drivers’ 
championship, fought his way @ 
back from an unaccustomed 
eighth place after Sutton Park by 
driving magnificently to wm the 
next stage in Weston Park. 

Mikael Ericsson, his team- 
mate, was second and 
KanJdninnen. who was shortly 
to the overall lead, third. 

Ham Poivoaen bent his 
nearside front wing on the way 
to Weston, where Kenneth 
Eriksson stalled his VW Golf Ti 
in the watersplasb but soon 
restarted the engine without 
loang much time. 

John Haugbfand entertained 
spectators at a man-made chi- 
cane by taking a wrong turning 
and having to circle back across 
the grass to regain the road. 

Per EJdnnd, who had taken a 
fine third place in Cirencester 
Park, equal with Jimmy McRae, 
wbo also drives an MG Metro 
6R4. said: “It has been very wet ft 
and dismal — typical RAC rally 

As the competitors started the 
evening stages Slig Blomqvist. 
lying second overall, lost oil 
pressure in his Fond RS200 
gearbox and had h changed ata 
service point 

Tony Pond, holding fifth 
place, had a misfire in his MG 
Metro 6R4. but this was cured 
by hard-working service 

LEADING POSITIONS (after tea stages): 

1. J Kankkunsn (Fin. Peugeot 205), 

1 Benin 5030c; 2, M Sundstrom (Hn, 
Peugeot 205). 18^6; 3. S Bkvnovtst (Swe, 
FbrtfRS20q). 1856; 4.^ T Pond (GB. Metre 
GR4). 17m: 5. M Aten (Fin. Lancia Delta), 

17:03; ft T Salonen (An. Psumot 205), 

Millionaire wanted 

A unique five-volume collec- 
tion of autographed football 
programmes from every club in 
the Football League and the / 
Scottish League will be auc- - 
tioned on Radio Two today in 
aid of the Children in Need 


Oxford University (at MOttny Stadhan, 
AKteratBL 2.15). 

Town (lor Steve Mahoney. 7 joj. 


MOTOR RALLYHKfc L ombar d RAC raty 
(Harrogate to tngfcton). 

SNOOKER: Tannmts UK Open (at 

SQUASH RACKETS: ComOined Services 
individual cfnrapmnsMp* (at Waveriey 
Ctub. Femnam). 

tennis: LTA women's tournament (at 





Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 

When Britain became the front line 

• “This isn't warfare, ** savs the 
man from HuU in A People’sWar 
{Channel 4, IO.OOpm) ^" 
murder! \ Probably around the 
same lime that he was expressing 

£!L^L 8er u OV J er J whai the German 
bombers had done to his div in 

H®nh arly l94 °s, somebody^ in 
Hamburg was saying exactly the 
same thing about what the British 
bombers had just done to his city 
But the analysis of mutual murder 
is not what Liz Neeson's docu- 
mentaries are about The “A" in 
the title is not an haphazard 
choice. Until someone has the 
vision to produce a supranational 
account of the people's war, 
balancing destruction by one side 
against destruction by the other 
Miss Neeson's films about the 
Bnudi civilians’ experience of war 
will have to suffice. They are, in 
any case, so superbly done that 
they must be regarded as defin- 
itive. My only reservation is about 

C choice ) 

the in-vision use of actors to speak 
the actual comments that were 
collated by Mass Observation 
during the war. Real-life survivors 
of the blitzes have some marvel- 
lous tales to tell tonight And how 
well they teD them ! For every 
story of honor (such as the one 
about the four heads which the 
auxiliary fireman had to pick up 
after an air raid), there is a gritdly 
humorous recollection (the man 
who looked like a bookie's runner 
because the only gift clothing they 
could find him was a loud c heck 

• Black Lessons (ITV, 8.30pm), 
this week’s World in Action xt port, 
gives blacks in Britain the plat- 
form from which they can argue 

against the judgment of the 
Conservative MP who recently 


6*00 Ceefax AM. News head fries, 
weather, travel and sports 

6-30 E^FUnWones. Cartoon 645 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Salty Magnusson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 
740, 3.00, 840 and 9.00; 
regional news at 7.15, 7.45, 

8. T5 and 8.45; and weather at 

. M 7.25, 7.55, 8^5. ana 8.55. 

3.05 Roedean. A documentary 
about the school. 

9.45 One in Four. A magazine 
programme for the disaoled. 

10.00 Neighbours. A repeat ot last 
Friday 's episode. 1(L20 The 
Wombk»(r) 10.25 PhBUp 
Schofield with news ol 
children's programmes. 

10.30 Play School wttn Wayne 
Jackman and guest Janet 
Palmer 10.50 Henry's Cat (r) 
1055 Five to Devon. Saeed 
Jeffrey with a thought for the 

1150 Gardeners* World from 

Bamsdaie, presented by Geoff 
Hamilton, Jonn Ratty and 
Margaret Waddy. (r) 1 1.30 
Open Air. Viewers comments 

on last night's progra 

1 86 - Live. In the first 

_ jremmes. 

12.75 Airport 

of five dafly visits to London's 
Heathrow Airport, the 
presenters introduce some of 
the people whose work they 
will follow: pitots, 
stewardesses, air traffic 
control staff and ground 
crews. 1255 Regional news 
and weather. 

1-00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 1.25 Neighbours. 
Weekday soap set in a 
Melbourne suburb 1.50 Brio-a- 

240 The Clothes Show. Selina 
Scott is photographed by top 
fashion photographer Tony 
McGee: Jeh Banks searches 
for second-hand clothes hi 
Manchester, and Jane Lomas 
looks at high Street shopping. 
240 The Onedbi Line. James 
Onedln stowty struggles to 


ships. First he needs a 
warehouse but theprice Is 
always too high. 3-20 Valerie. 
Domestic comedy series from 
the United States 

340 Pie bi the Sky 4,10 WizbK4w20 
The Mysterious Chles of Gold. 
Animated adventure serlss 
4.45 Jonny Briggs. Series 
abouta'boy who lives with his 

E ts in the north of 

Craven's Nowsraund 
545 Bhm Petw. Janet Bfis 
recaBs the abdication, exactly 
50 years ago, ot Edward VIII. 
and Its effect on the Queen, 
than aged 10. 

545 Mastertaam. Knock-out quiz 
game for teams, presented by 

640 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas WltcheB. Weather. 
645 London Phis presented by 
John Stapleton. Linda Mitchell 
and Caroline Righton. 

740 Wogan. Guests Include Dudtey 
Moore on the satellite from LA; 
actor Malcolm Jamieson from 
Howards Way; George Benson 
provides the music. Terry 
wogan will ride on a silver fire- 
engine donated for Children in 

745 Life onEartti. Part two of 
David Attenborough's 13- 

840 Brush Strokes. Comedy st 
about an amorous painter and 
decorator. Since his wife left 
him Lionel has been living in 
domestic chaos. 

940 Ne ws with John Humphiys and 
Frances Cove rdaie. Regional 
news and weather. 

940 Panorama 

10.10 FSm: Jealousy (1984) starring 
Angie Dekinson, who plays 
three tormented women — the 
mother of a teenage daughter, 
a millionaire’s wife and a 
country singer — in three 
(Efferent stones witfi the tide 
theme. Directed oy Jeffrey 
Bloom. ' " 


s : . 

r* ‘TjrY' 

i erfe 


Paul Shelley and Annette Crosbie who piays his moth 
Postponed (continuing on ITV, 9.00pm) 

categorized most West Indians as 
bone idle good-for-nothings, and 
the even more sensational verdict 
expressed in more than one tab* 
loid newspaper that West Indians 
in Britain are lawless, drug-taking 
and violent. The picture that 
emerges from tonight’s World in 
Action is of communities of blacks 
who are seeking a new status 
through the gift of song, the 
evangelising power of their re- 
ligion (the twentieth century 
equivalent of the Free Churches of 
the nineteenth century) and a 
national programme to train job- 
less young Macks for careers from 
which their school rating as educa- 
tional failures would otherwise 
have barred them. 

• Best of the rest on TV; another 
chance to enjoy David 
Attenborough’s memorable en- 
counter with a family of mountain 
gorillas in Life on Earth (BBC1. 
7.35pm); an encouraging film 

BBC 2 

940 Ceefax 

948 Daytime on Two: A study of 
scftooUeavers In Leominster 
1040 For four and fivoyoor- 
Olds (r) 10.15 Music keeping 
time together (r) 1048 Scottish 
MB farming (r) 1140 Sweden's 
Festival of Lucia 1142 
Psychological guessing game 
(r) 11 AS Religious studies (r) 
1248 How fashion reflects 
modem We. 

1248 Ceefax. 12.40 The effects of 
alcohol (!) 145 A compilation 
from Micro Live (r) 148 Jobs 
In public transport (rt 240 
Words and pictures 2.15 
History of Welsh coal-mining. 

245 Sign Extra. Andrew and Sarah: 
a Royal Couple. A programme 
adapted tor the hearing 

340 The Spitfire. Raymond Baxter 
relates how teams raced to 
produce the aircraft in order to 
out-manoeuvre Hitler's 
Messerschmitts. 345 Regional 
news and weather. 

440 Pamela Armstrong. 

445 Bfezanfs Wonderful Wooden 
Toys. Making a sandpit is the 
first project In Richard 
Blizzard's six-part series in 
which he makes a range of 
iand models. 

about what two west London 
hospitals are doing to ease the 
burden of the elderly in Nurses 
(BBC2, 10.10pm); and ibe further 
adventures of the despicable Les- 
lie Titmuss, {now a widower and 
malting capital out of it), in 
Paradise Postponed (ITV, 

• Best on radio; Russell Davies's 
feature Realm of the KingBs k 
(Radio 3, 7.30pm) about the 
freewheeling American politician 
Huey P Long who was maligned in 
the Broderick Crawford film All 
the King’s Men; and the repeat 
broadcast of Howard Barker’s 
powerful play Scenes from an 
Execution (Radio 4, 8.15pm) with 
Glenda Jackson and. Freddie 
Jones, which ran away with the 
1985 Prix Italia for the year's best 


Peter Davalle 

















The four competitors in The Krypton Factor; From lefLAnna SroczynskL, Stuart Worthington, Steve 
Cross, and Keith Marshall (ITV, 7.00pm) 


Encoignm*- Ayoung^ 

couple at Madras tali 
how they met and decided to 
elope. 5.15 Did You See ... 7 
An edited version of 
yesterday's programme. 

640 An: Charlie Chan at Treasure 
Island (1939) starring Sidney 
Toler, with Cesar Romero and 
Pauline Moore. A superior 
Chan thriller in wttich the 
Chinese sleuth outwits a bogus 
spirit medium at the San 
Francisco fair. 

7.10 Rally Report 86. Coverage of 
the second day of the Lombard 
RAC Rally. 

745 Open to Question. Ed ward 
Hearn flews questions from 
young people tnrougnout 
Britain. John N tool son is In the 

845 The Story of Engtiah. Robert 
MacNefl explores the evolution 
of meh-EngBsh. (Ceefax) 

940 Fawtty Towera-Basil has to 
locate a runaway rat before It 
is found by a vtsrting public 
health i n sp ec to r , (r) 

.945 Victoria Wood - As seen on 
TV. With the comedienne are 
JuDe waiters and Patnaa 

10.10 NureeiThe programme 
explores a fresh approach to 
nursing the old. as practised at 
the Mount Pleasant and 
Ctayponds hospitals In London 
where Ralph Greaves, nurwng 
officer, allows pets on 
patients' beds and arranges 
outings to the seaside. 


1050 Newsmght 1145 Weather 

11.40 TeiejoumaL News from the 
state-nm Belgian station 

1245 Rafly Report 86. Summary of 
today's stages. Ends at 12.15 


945 Thames no we heedBnea 

9.30 Schools: Picture Box: The 

Christmas Messenger 947 

Stop, Look. Listen A: How a 

market is set up 949 Time tor 

a Story Going Places. 
1048 Hair, make-up and body- 
painting 10 l 45 Be Your Own 

Bosk Toe decisions faced tv 
young people who look tor 
self-employment. 1147 Maths 
for small cfcoren 11.19 
SclencK rmcro-oroanisins, 
disease and inoculation 11.41 
the life of' 

1240 Atamh’a Mtotfc. A series for 
pre-school children: Frances 
the Flute. 12.10 Left Pretend. 
The story of the Everything 

1240 Baby A Co. Miriam Stoppard 
discusses preraiancy with 
actress Helen weir of 
Emmerdaie Farm; Miriam 
Stoppard has advice for those 
who have been trying 
unsuccessfully to conceive. 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin. 140 Thames News 
with Robin Houston. 

140 Film: Melody (1971) starring 
Jack Wild, Mark Lester and 
Tracy Hyde. Two I 
I become friends, but 
their friendship is threatened 
when one is attracted to a girl 
at a dancing class. Directed by 
Warts Hussein. 345 Thames 
news 340 The Young Doctors. 

440 Tickle on the Turn. Wtaga 
tales tor the young 4.10 The 
Telebugs. Cartoon series 440 
H e Man and the Masters of 
the Universe MS From the 
Top. Comedy series starring 
Bill Odette as a stage-struck ex- 
bank manager. 

5.15 Bloc k bu s ters. A quiz for 

5.45 News with Alastalr Stewart 
640 Thames News 

645 Help! Vlv Taylor Gee with news 
of community action. 

645 G r o eere e de Trouble is _ . 
brewing at the Leisure Centre. 

740 Coronation Street Bet Is 

worried by the state of trade at 
the Rovers. (Oracle) 

840 Executive Stress, r 
series st 

a ui unit) ta 

tetope Keith 

740 Kiyton 


and Geoffrey Palmer. 

840 Worid In Action. An opt imistic 
report on young black people 
in Britain. Incfuoes a report on 
Linbert Spencer's training 
centre. Project FuBemptoy. 
(See Choice) 

9.00 PsratSse Po s tponed. Leslie 
takes advantage of Charlotte's 
death to further nis career; 
Fred can no longer ignore 
Henry’s determination to 
dispute Simeon's will and in 
order to prevent his mother 
from being summoned to the 
court is forced to try and find 
out why his tether left 
everything to Leslie. (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten with Alastatr 
Burnet and Sandy GaH 
followed by Thames news 

1040 Cockney Darts Ctassfc. Men's 
and women's finals. 

11.15 The New Avengers starring 
Patrick Macnee and Joanna 
Lumtey. A drugs syndicate 
boss determines to murder 
Steed, Purdey and Gambit (r) 

12.15 Tales from the Darkskte. A 
woman and ho- young son are 
grieving the death of the 
child's grandad when the man 
waflts Into the kitchen and 
demands breakfast 

1245 Night Thoughts 


6.16 Good Morning 

presented by Anne Diamond 
and Richard Keys. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 640, 
740, 740, 840. 840 and 940; 
financial news at 645: sport at 
6.40 and 740; exerases at 
845 and 9.17; cartoon at 745; 
pop music at 745: and Jimmy 
Greaves' television highlights 
at 845. The After Nine guests 
indude Uri Getter and enttd 
care expert Penelope Leech. 

. Stater 


Peaekrpe Keith and Geoffrey Palmer as the husband and wife in the 
comedy series Executive Stress (ITV, 8.00pm) 


240 The Late Late Show. RTFs 
long-running music and chat 
show hosted by Gay Byrne. 

340 Irish Angle. Irish current 
affairs, presented by Gordon 

4.00 Mavis on 4. Mavis Nicholson 
talks to Vanessa Redgrave and 
Lady Redgrave, the actress 
Rachel Kempson. 

440 Countdown. Quiz show 

presented by Richard Whiteley. 
with cartoonist BiD Tidy In the 
dictionary comer. 

540 Grampian Sheepdog Trials. 
Featured tonight are junior 
shepherds, wno compete lor a 
place m the semi-final of the 
Grampian Television Trophy. 
Presenters are Robbie 
Shephard ana Bill Merchant 

540 Rhythmic Gymnastics — Worid 
Cup 1988. international teams 
compete at Tokyo. 

640 Print It Yourself The last 
programme of a senes 
exploring technical processes 
involved in printing leaflets, 
newsletters, posters and 
books.Featured today is 
Artlvan, a mobile darkroom and 
screen-printing unit working 
from South Yorks hJre.With 
subtitles, (r) 

640 Write On. Part six of Ruth Pitt's 
senes designed to stimulate 
interest m the tost art ot letter 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons. Includes a report on 
how Americans are being 
taught the dangers of 
contracting Ante. 

740 Comment With his views on a 
topical matter is Dr David HM, a 
efimeal psychologist Weather. 

840 Brook side. Mrs McArdte gives 
Pat and Terry the slip again; 

GiU is being wooed by Tommy 
McArdle; and Sheila awaits the 
verdict on Dutton. 

840 Chance in a nation. Comedy 
senes stamng Simon Callow, a 
man whose me is plagued by 
unlucky coincidences, and 
Brenda Biethyn as Alison, his 
long-suffering fiance. Tonight 
Tom and Alison accidentally 
a cam re six cMdren and two 
i ana become involved in a 


goHce investigation. (Oracle) 

Elsewhere. Ausch lander 
reahzes the risks when his wife 
undergoes open-heart surgery: 
Craig finds that tvs mentor. Dr 
Domedion. is not senile; and 
Westpnall ponders making a 
maior career cnange. 

945 4 Minutes: L' Audition by Jean- 
Mane Maddeddu and Yann 
PiQuar. An actor attends a 
bizarre audition, wnere 
madness seems to be the 

1040 A People’s War. The second 
of a seven-part senes 
examining the impact of the 
Second worid War on people 
on the Home Front (Oracle) 


(See ^Choice) 

Eleventh Hour We’re Not 
Mad . . . We're Angryl. A 
drama documentary 
investigating Britain's system 
of psychiatric care. 



p ^ *-‘ day 6.3S-7, 

Wales To- 
Home Brew. 11.40- 

12.10am Revofcibon Ip me Classroom? 
12.10-12.15 News. SCOTLAND lOSOam-ll .00 

Masteneam. 1l.4D-T225i*n StowiMi. 1225- 
1230 News ENGLAND BJSpa-7 M News 

ANGLIA A * u * xj0 ' 1 w*»pt 1.20 An- 

: ghaNewsano 

except 1 J 1 
no waatner 


wno's The Boss? 1030 Aide Retxm 
YtJJO The Sweeney 1200 Bass m Concert 
12J0 Personal view. Close. 

: 5. l5em-S-lS Jobfinder 1^0 

Cennai News 1 JO-3JO flm- IrruKje of 
Pasaon (1882) uames Horan) 6J» Centra 
News &AS-7M Central Posi 1035 Eng- 
land The* Engmn0 11.05 The Prtneciors 

(GRAMPIAN As London except 

SSSeSSsIicE! lJOpm Nonn News 1 JO- 





. 2 






3-30 FUm- Araoesoue (Gregory Peck ( 5.15- 
545 EmmenMe Farm 6JML7.00 North Toraght 
10 JO Hkn. Farewell My Lovely (BoOert 
Mrtchami 12. 15em News neatfcnes . 
RRANAnA As London except 
UHAPIKUM 92S-9J0 Granaoa Reports 
l-2i Granina ria po r i s 1JB FHnr manqol 
Sister Teresa (PeurLawfortf) 3. 15 Moroccan 
Meow 125 Granaoa Reports 3JO Sons 
anoDaugmers BtiQ Granada Repons 6JO- 
7 00 Ma>v 1CL30 Double Veaon 11.15 The 
Sweeney 12 16 Portrait ol Booby Vinton. 
HTV WF *5T London mccept 
n I V WM I ,_20 mtv News 1-XL130 
Ren: The Bmnaay Present (Tony^rttnn) 

6JXL7 AO KTV News 10JO Finn: The Bitch . 


! escepf 9 l30m»4J5 

Technology waies 6j00pm-7ti0 waiea at 
Six 10 JO wares Means Business 11.00 Film: 
The Bitch 12.45am weather, Close, 
ennn A un As London axceoc 
SlailtSGii l J0 Live at One-TWntey 

200-U10 Finn- Breakfast at Tlttany S (Au- 
drey Hapoisn) & 1&-&.45 Emmerdaie Farm BjOO 
Scotland Tooay 6JO-7 00 Benson 10JO 
Cnme Desk I0JS PKrn. Snampoo (Wairan 
Beany] l2JSam Lam Cad 12J0 Oose. 

TQUJ As London except 1 -20pm TSW 
-LSI*!. News ano weather 1 JO-3J0 FSm: 
Search lor the Gods M97fl S.1SGus 
Honeybun's Mage Brrmaays 5JOS.4S Cross- 
roads 500 Today South Was 5-30- 7 JW 
1 Emmerdaie Farm 10-32 Hunter 11 JO The 
Search lor weam 1200 Po sts cri p t 
1205am Weanw . Close. 

TVC As London except :1 JO TVS 
-L2 l 2 News 1.30 Home Cookery Chib 1.35- 
3-30 Rfeir The Spanish Gardener (195S> 

(Dtrv Baqaroel i 12-5-45 News HeaUmsslol- 
lowea Dy Sons ano Oaugnmn 600 Coast 
10 Coast 6-30- 7 00 Action on Drugs Ooen Line 
1OJ0 Questions 11JD Hunters 1220am 
Comoany. Close. 

TYNF TFF9 As London except 
1 1 1 1.20 Rauonar nas 1JS 

Looxa round 1J0 &Pueno So-SJOrtan: 

The om wno Coumn t Qune fi JX) winem Ute 
6J0 Snaigm Taft 10J2 NnMme 1200 
Tales hom the Danuuoe l2J0em Alone But 
Not Lonely 1240 Close. , 

III CTCR As London except 1-20 
U 4?.. 1 Luwcmime IJQRWr Seven 

Thunders (Snpnen Boyd) 215 Canoon 
3J0 Sons end Oaugmers 6JX> Good Evening 
Ulster 6-20 Festival Som 6J0-7J10 ufe- 
siykj 10-30 A Homage from Srona 11 M 
Sweeney 11J5 Snow Express 12l5News. 


tifONT t 


EVERY WINE from Montilla owes its delicate 
character and natural strength to die Solera system. 

This is the traditional and skilled method 
of marrying younger wines with older ones in 
order to achieve a continuity of style and J 
quality that can always be relied on. 

Whether you prefer a chilled 
dry’ or a sweet dessert wine , theyre all 
great value. 



MF^ medium wave). Stereo on 

News on the half-hour from 
640 am until 840 pm then at 1090 
and 1240 mtoragm 
540am Simon Mayo 740 
Adrian John 940 Simon Bates 
1240 Newsbaei /Frank 
Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 340 
Steve Wright 540 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 5^5 Bruno 
Brookes 740 Janice Long 
1040-1240 John Peel. VRF 
Stereos Radios 1 & 2: 440am 
As Radio 2. 1040pm As Ratio 1. 
1240440am As Radio 2 

wave). Stereo on 

News on the hour. Headfines 
540 am, 640. 740, 840. Sports 
Desks 1042 mu, 1142, 1242 
pm. 145, 242, 3.02, 4.02. 545. 
642. 645 (mf only), 945. 1142. 
440am Cotn Beny 540 Ray 
Moore 740 Derek Jameson 940 
Ken Broca 1140 David 
Penhaftgon fwttti news, views and 
music) 145 DavxJ Jacobs 240 

Gloria Htxittiford 340 Oavtd 
Hamaton 546 John Dunn 740 
Alan Del 840 Big Band Special 
~ Humphrey 
(with Jazz an record) 
1040 Acker's Away (Acker BMk 
and Paramount Jazz Band) 10.30 
Star SoureL Nick Jackson with 
soundtrack requests 1145 Brian 
Maohew 140am Charles Nove 
340-440 A Uttis Night Music 


U0 NawsdSEk (until 640). 740 World 

News 7J& Twenty-four Hours 7 40 The 

Betrothed 140 News BJS Reflections 

8.15 Scoop 840 Anylhng Goes 940 
News B48 Review or the British Press 
215 Good Books 9J0 Bnancal News 
a.40 Look Ahead BA5 PeeWes' Oxxce 
1040 News 1041 The Canadian Novel 
1040 Afro Beatixw 1140 News 1149 
News ABout Brian 1L1B Ttamng for 
Tomonow(untl 1 1 JCfi 1240 Retro News- 
reei 1215 Just a Mhuo 1245 Sports 
flounduo 140 News 14B Twenty-tour 
Hows 140 Arthur Freed and me k *f- 
wood Musical 200 Outiook 246 Voyages 
of Croon Cook 340 Radio Newsreel 
215 The Cattdtafl Novel 245 Sounds oJ 
the S«t!B3 440 News 448 Commentary 

4.15 Success Story uo Bmaan C atie- 
let Songs 4,45 world Today 6.00 News 
549 Book Choice (tmdl 5.15) 840 News 
849 Twenty -tour Hours U0 Sports 
bmtatohai 940 News 941 mworti uk 

9.15 European CaoaraT Sms 9-30 Afro 
BembOH 1040 News 1048 Wand Today 
1045 Booh Choree 10-30 Financial News 
1040 Reftserons 1045 Sports Roimoro 
11.00 News 1149 Commemaiy 11.15 
Success Story 11 JO Mumtracx 1 1200 
NOWS 1209 News Aoow Bmsin 1215 
Raao NewsraW 1230 a rttur Praed and 
tne Hotwwood Uuscai 140 News 1.01 
Outlook 1J0 Story 145 Success 
200 News 209 Rbwbw of toe 
Press 215 Network UK 230 Sports' 
fntemationai 200 News 349 News Aoout 
Britain 215 wand Today 2J0 Jonn Peel 
4JU Nawsdeak 4J0 Music at Weoer (until 
4.451 5.45 yvond Today. Ad rimes mOMT. 

645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Mommg Concert Chopin 
(Grande valse brSanta in 
E flat Op 18: Upatti, piano), 
Schumann IKonzert- 
stuck. Op 88: Berlin PO 
and sotoists), Haydn 
(Symphony No 101: 

Scottish CD). 840 News 
645 Concert (ccrttoued). 
Marscnnar (Hal weiche 
Lust Der Vampyr, with 
Wedd, baritone). Two 
Transylvanian dances, Doina 
Copiiul . am Brtu:). 

Enesco (Romanian 
Rhapsody No 2: 

Romanian Broadcasting 
Orchestra), Beethoven 
(Piano Concerto No 2: 
Schnabel with LPO). 940 

945 This Week's Composer: 
Tchaikovsky. Piano 
Conceno No 2 (Werner 
Hass, with Monte Carlo 
National Opera Orchestra), 
Joan s FarweH. The Maid 
of Orleans (Brigitte 

1040 Chicago SO (under Solti 
and Barenboim). Wagner 
(Tanntiauser overture) and 
Dvorak (Ce«o Concerto, 
wtth Jacquelra du Pr£) 
1140 The Lady and the 
Double-bass Case: 
Chekhovs short story. With 
James Bryce. Mar Leslie 
and Geoffrey Co9ins 

1140 Music for vlofin and 

piano: Derek Colter and 
Daphne IbootL Smetana 
(From my homeland), 

Coflier (Improvisation and 
Toccata), John HaB 
(Fantasy for violin). Kreteter 


1C Scottish SO (under 
George Hurst), with 
Ronan O'Hara- Lahpiton 


iumarm (Piano Concerto). 
Brmen (Four Sea 

Interludes Iron Peter 
Gnmesv 140 News 
1.05 BBC Lunchtime Conceit 
Mikhail Pletnev (piano). 
Twelve puces from 
Tchaikovsky's Op 12, 
including Un poco di 
Scnumann. Un poco dl 
Chopm. False a cmq, and. 
Scene dansanie 
215 Music Weekly: with 
Micnaei Ok ver. Includes 
Martino Tmmo on Btfitmg 

340 New Records: Royal 
Prulharmonic Orche«ra 

to recordings of works by 
Massenet (Meditadon, 

Thais, wttn Rampal, flute). 

Bernstein (Crrohester 
Psalms, with Aled Jones 
(treble), Stephen Roberts 
(baritone),Hande! (Amaryllis 
suite, excerpts). Bax 
(Northern Ballad No 2) 
.Mozart (Concert aria 
Basra, vtoesti —Ah non 
lasctarmi. No, with 
Kathleen Battle, soprano), 
and Eigar (Symphony No 
1). 445 News 
540 Mainly for Pleasure: 

Graham Fawcett 
presents recorded music 
640 Organ music: John 

La radon in Houston and 
Kflieltan Kirk, in 
Renfrewshire, perform 
Voluntary in C (attributed to 
Handel). Prelude and 
Fugue in D (Samuel Wesley). 
Prehide in C minor 
(Mendelssohn), voluntary 
and Fugue (Fergus), and 
Concerto from Judas 
Maccabaeus (Handel) 

740 Chicago SO (under 
Rafael Kubelik). Roussel 
(Symphony No 3) 

740 Rearm Of the Klngfigh: 
Documentary about Huey 
P Long, former Governor 
and Senator of 
Louisiana. Presented by 
Russeu Davies. 

940 Shostakovich: Part one. 
Borodin String Quartet 
play the Quartet No 6, and 
Quartet No 7 

9.10 What Books I Please: 
Michael Nicholson. 

Lecturer in Russian at 
Oxford University, talks 
about the revised English 
version ol Solzhenitsyn's 
The First Circle 

9. SO Shostakovich; part two 
of concert Quartet No 8 
1040 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 
presents the Pete 
Saoerton Septet 
11.00 First Night A review, by 
EncGrinnns, of 
Janacek’s opera Jenufa at 
the Royal Opera House, 
Covent Garden 

11.10 Dresden State Opera 
Ortuestra. Recordings of 
Vivaldi's Concerto m G 
minor. RV 577 (Negri 
conducts), Verdi's cnorus 
Patna oppressa! from 
Macbeth (Varviso conducts). 
Mozart's Laudato 
Dominum. K 32 1 (with 
Matns, soprano and 

Hans Ono. organ), and 
Strauss 3 Duett- 

11.57 News 1240 Close 
1245 Test Match Speoaf: 

Fourth day. in Bnsbane. 

Until 235am 

On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 

545 Shipping. 6.00 News Bnefing; 
Weamer. 6.10 Farming. 


Business News. 645, 745 
Weamer. 7.00.640 
News. 745. BJS Sport. 7.45 
Thought for the Day 

845 The Week on4. 

Programme Previews, 
presented by David 

8.43 Barry Fantoni's Chinese 
Horoscopes (Year 10) 

The Pig. Who are the pigs, 
and what are they like? 

With Donald Smaen, and 
Debbie Greenwood.847 
Weather; Travel 

940 News 

9.05 Start the Week with 
Richaro Baker (S) 

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First published ia 1785 

England rest happy in winning mood 

frpfflJofan Woodcock 

Cricket Correspondent 

Never did a side so con- 
found their critics as England 
have so far in the first Test 
match here against Aust ralia 
They have readied the rest 
day with a great chance of 

Bolstered by a superb cen- 
tury from Botham, they 
456 in their first inning s, their 
highest score since their last 
series against Australia, and 
the dimax of three splendid 
days came last night when, 
with nine runs to spare, they 
were able to make Aust ralia 
follow on. 

In spile of all the pre-match 
propaganda, Australia have so 
far looked no less vulnerable 
than they did in England in 
1985. England, on the other 
hand, have excelled 

_ Yesterday, they were pos- 
itive and persevering in the 
field, and their bowling was 
never less than respectable. 
Richards made up for some 
rather untidy handling by 
holding three catches and, 
when it looked at the end as 
though a missed catch might 
save Australia from having to 
bat again, Reid obligingly got 
himself out, thereby giving 
Dilley five wickets in an 
innings for the first time in a 
Test match. 

Yet nothing could have 
seemed less likely in the first 
hour of the day as Marsh and 
the nightwatcbman, Zoehrer, 
were making 60 in 18 overs. 
29 of them off Botham’s first 
five overs. There being no 
cloud to help the ball to swing 

— it was a really beautiful day 

— England had Emburey and 
Edmonds bowling from one 
end from the start of play until 
tea, while Botham, Dilley and 
De Freitas alternated from the 
other. If nine of Australia's 10 
wickets fell to the faster 
bowlers, the spinners applied 
enough pressure to justify 
their joint selection. 

Having done an admirable 
job for Australia, Zoehrer 
appeared not to think much of 
the leg-before decision which 
sent him on his way after 70 
minutes. It could, I suppose, 
have been on the high side. 

Marsh, meanwhile, was 
showing himself to be a neat, 
quite stylish, and somewhat 
undashing, right-hander. His 
half-century was as well-mer- 
ited as that of Greg Matthews 

Marsh was still there at 
lunch, but Jones had been and 
gone, leg-before to DeFreitas 
after being in for 40 un- 
comfortable minutes. 
DeFreitas, then Emburey, 
beat Border as soon as be 


BH3UNO: flat Mug* 

B C Bread eZoefarorb Raid a 

C W J AHwyc Zteinr bCMatfiwws 78 

*U W GMttag k Hughw 61 

A4L«sabB»r bKutfiM 48 

D I Gtoworc RAM* bC MatZbmn __ St 

ITBodatmc Itatasb Wao(£i 138 

-re J ncfaante bCO Matflwws 0 

JEEflteMdtartbH^M 3 

P A J Defraon c CBMhmre 

b Waugh 40 

PH&ftaondaiKXsot 9 

Q R D3cy c Boon b Waoah 0 

EstcnpS, 1)19,1*3) 25 

Total 456 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15, 2-116. 6198.4- 
198, 5016, 6-324, 7-361, 6443, 9-451, 


BOWUNQ: Md 3T-4-88-1: HKpMH 367- 
134-3; C P IHuWimi 35-10-85-3; Wmt& 
21-3-76-2; Q R J M— he— 11-2-4837 
G R Hareh c Mcfcardn b DBay 58 
D C Boon e Broad b Oe nwUai ■ — __ 10 

ITDZanbmrteubPany - 38 

PHJBBHbnbOaRam ________ s 

■A R Border c OTwIM b EdBwndn - 7 

a M RltchM c Edmoodo bDOay 41 

O R J Mnllliuni, notont 56 

S R Wndi e Hebtids b (Stay 0 

CDMremncGntfnobBomni _ 11 

MQIIaohai bBoWare — « 

BARm e MctrerdabMtey 3 

Extras 0 b2.Bi8,o 2, nb6) 18 

Ton s 248 

FALL OF WICKETSe 1-27. 237. 3-114, 4- 
126. 5-159, 8-198, 7-304, 8-238, 6338. 

BOWLING: DaFnaau 166324 
254-7-866; Entaey 34-11-66- 
ntonda 12-612-1; Bo baa 16-1-58-2; 
flatting 1 -0-2-0. 

Second tad PB i 

PC Boon not out 1 

GH Man* not out .1 

Total (no wW) 2 

IBMBt Botham VO-60. 

Umpires: A R Crafter and M W Jotnaon. 

came in with seven minutes of 
the morning session left 
Australia's captain was, in 
feet, to have just as difficult a 
time as Jones. 

Marsh had not long passed 
his SO, scored in hours, 
when he slashed at a fairly 
wide and harmless ball to give 
Richards the first of his 
catches. With the breeze Mow- 
ing from his left to right, 
Emburey bowled 23 
successive overs before giving 
way to Edmonds, who was in 
his fourth over when he 
accounted for Border. Al- 
though the afternoon drinks 
were about to be brought out. 
Border was hired into a loss of 
concentration. Edmonds 
flighted one and Border, mak- 
ing ground to hit it back over 
the top. sliced it to backward 
cover instead. 

By tea, Australia were 188 
for five, Ritchie and Greg 
Matthews - having been to- 
gether for an hour. The new 
ball was taken almost immedi- 
ately afterwards, as soon as it 
was due. In his first over with 
h, Dilley had Ritchie caught in 
the gultey. in his second, he 
had Waugh caught at the 
wicket, the ball picking up 
unexpected pace off the pitch. 
The rest revolved around the 
issue of the follow-on, which, 
with seven Australians out for 
204 and 257 as their target, 
was now very much on the 

From various English re- 

Dilley raises 
his sights 

Graham Dilley, whose fig- 
nres of five for 68 were the best 

of his Test career, said after- 
wards: *What I want most now 
is to win a Test for England 
with my bowlmg. The thought 
of getting fire wickets was in 
the t mek of ray nrind today. 
Mike (Getting) tried to take 
was ge tting tired, but I asked 
for one more over to see how it 
went. We were down to foe 
taflenders by then and 1 
wanted to keep going.” 

Dilley has been on foe 
winning side only cnee in 23 
Tests since making his Eng- 
land debnt seven years ago. 

• tfa gfand have made Austra- 
lia follow on in snccessive 
Tests for only foe second time 
this centory (Simon WBde 
writes). The last time was in at 
Headingley and Old Tkafford 
in 1956* In foe last match 
between foe two countries, at 
the Oral in 1985, Australia 
followed on 223 behind Eng- 
land (464), who eventually 

ty y*,r a/. 


HHtia ■■ .> asawt*'** r- 

Up, Dp and away: England hopes soar as Dilley (left) ends tire Australian inn mg s to capitalize on Botham's batting triumph 

-mt m 

actions it became obvious 
that, with a rest day to follow, 
they had decided, if passible, 
to enforce iL Hie main ob- 
stacle to their doing so was 
Greg Matthews, a highly-spir- 
ited operator. For the eighth 
wicket, he and his namesake 
had put on 35 when Botham 
removed Chris- Matthews, and 
then Hughes, in the same 
over, Matthews with the help 


of a nice catch at second slip. 
Having held this one. Gatting 
then dropped Reid off Dilley, 
a much harder chance, also at 
slip. It became a game of cat 
and mouse as England tried to 
subdue Greg Matthews and 
remove Reid. They succeeded 
with eleven minutes left, 
Richards holding a good, tum- 
bling. catch in front of first 


There is unlikely to be a 
better piece of batting on the 
tour than Botham's 138 on 
Saturday. Coming in after 
England had lost their two 
overnight batsmen. Lamb and 
Athey. without a run added, 
and finding Gower in all kinds 
of trouble, he simply took 
charge of the game. He has 
such huge strength and so 
adaptable a batting method 

that he remains, when he can 
be bothered, a mighty threat 
against anything less iban the 
best bowling (for example, the 
West Indian attack). 

This, though, was no slog. 
That was foe most impressive 
and, for Australia, the most 
ominous thing about h. It was 
a brilliant innings, not because 
of the great Mows that it 


Knowles has to graft Liverpool’s frustration shows 

fnnv Knnwkc thp omrM tnm in fh. hpr«_nf- A 

Tony Knowles, the world 
No. 4, found himself with a. 
struggle on his hands yes- 
terday in the Tennents 
£300,000 UK Open 
Championship at Preston (a 
special correspondent writes). 

Hie 30-year old Bolton 
professional found his chances 
of reaching the last 32 threat- 
ened by the Scottish outsider, 
John Rea who after losing the 

first two frames in the best-of- 
17 frame encounter, won the 
next three only to concede the 
following three. 

RESULTS; Fire! mml (GB unless stated): 
R Grace (SA) M M MacLeod. 66; M HaBatt 
M W King (AusL 9-5: R Reardon M M 
GXison. 9% D Martin bt I WMamson. 66; 
W Jones M J Campbal (Aus). 63: Demis 
Taylor M O Roe. 66; A Higgins M S 
Hendry. 68: David Taylor bf BCtoperon 
(Can), 68: CThorbum (Can) W D Rmfer. 
67; E Hughes (Rep of be) bt C Roscoe. 6 
8; T Meobt J OBoye. 94; W Thome « T 
M ur ph y. 9-4Jxrom> White (Eng) leads R 
EJlww (Eng) 63; 

PURCHASE OF A BOEING 747sp/749-200B 

aircraft powered by p&w jtod engines 
(- 7 J/- 7 Q preferred). Airframe hours not 
exceeding 25.000 t.t. Required mtow in case 
of sp is 6 Qe>.oooibs and in case of B 737-200 
is 800 . 000 Ihs. 

If you have such an aircraft for sale, 
please telex us urgently with: the price; 
date of availability; a-c registration number; 
ownership details; mfr serial number 
hours/cycles done; design take off/ 
landing/zero fuel weights; interior. 

Please also forward technical details of 
the communicotions/navigation/ 
emergency/other equipment installed: 
hours/cycles available For next major 
checks on air-frame and engines. 

The aircraft should currently be 
owned/registered in countries with whom 
India has diplomatic relations, have clear 
title and be available for immediate delivery. 

Air-lndia will consider offers or 
negotiate with owners or their accredited 
representatives only. 

Kindly indicate your status in your offer 

Written offers covering all points above 
should be received within 10 days by 
I J. Charles. Director of Engineering. 
Santacruz, Bombay 400 029. Telex sjta bomezai 

Or (OH 2427/011 2945 ). 

By Stuart Jones, 

Football Correspondent 

Liverpool 1 

Sheffield Wednesday ~ 1 

The Big Match at Anfield 
featured foe beauty and foe 
beast Yesterday’s first di- 
vision fixture, covered live by 
foe cameras of ITV, lurched 
un predictably between foe 
good and the bad, with enough 
of foe indifferent to provote 
an audience of 28,020 to bail it 
at foe close as “boring". 

Sheffield Wednesday were 
foe targets of their vociferous 
abuse. Yet foe side that can no 
longer be justifiably described 
as “the long-ball merchants of 
foe north" had merely frus- 
trated Liverpool with foe tac- 
tical efficiency and foe 
methodical effectiveness that 
has been inflicted on many a 
visitor to Merseyside over the 
past two decades. 

The reigning champions 
failed to regain the leadership 
of the first division though 
they climbed to wifoin a point 
of ArsenaL Muted in their 
own home, their performance 
matched the erratic nature of 
foe afternoon. Even foe 
crowd, by far their lowest of 
the season, contributed to toe 
general theme. 

The uglier side of life on foe 
terraces, mercifully seen less 
regularly nowadays, was illus- 
trated within ten minutes. A 
violent skirmish broke out in 

a comer of foe ground and, 
before foe police could con- 
tain toe ill-disciplined bout of 
boxing, foe Kop admirably 
voiced their disapproval of the 

Though their language was 
not of foe cleanest variety, 
they called their own mis- 
creants the excrement of foe 
area. It took almost an hour 
for foe action on the pitch to 
stir their passions again and 
foe incident was once more 
not to their liking. Wednesday 
had taken the lead. 

Liverpool replied instantly 
and foe build-ups to both 
goals were laced appropriately 
with fortune. It was 
McMahon's mistake that al- 
lowed Johnsson to release 
Marwood on foe right Chap- 
man, foe scorer of two goals in 
each of his last three appear- 
ances, tucked in another from 
the ensuing low cross. 

The source of Liverpool's 
equalizer was a richocheL A 
similarly low cross from 
Begjin who had shrugged off 
foe challenge of Marwood, 
bounced off the otherwise 
reliable Hodge and roiled into 
foe path of an even more 
prolific scorer. Rush. He im- 
mediately claimed his 21st 
goal of the season so for. 

Grobbelaar was foe epitome 
of foe ever-changing mixture. 
One minute be was diving at 
the feet of Marwood, a con- 
stant danger who had broken 
through Liverpool's square 

Celtic firm favourites 

By Hugh Taylor 

Offers must rea.;h us on or before November 27th 1936. 

Compatibility of aircraft offered with Air- India fleet 
of 747s and Ihe maintenance standard/sfalus and hours/ 
cydes logged will be a prime consideration and Air-lndia s 
decision on selection at aircraft will be final. 

Celtic beat Dundee United, 
their jinx opponents at 
Parkhead, 1-0 to consolidate 
their claim as firm favourites 
to win the premier division 
championship again at toe 
astonishing odds of f 5-8 on. 

After Celtic had been 
thwarted for S 1 minutes, 
Johnston judged a run per- 
fectly to collect Grant's pass 
and his finish was a model of 
clinical efficiency. 

Aberdeen are showing no 
signs of hurrying to appoint a 
new manager even though 
they slipped further out of 
contention in the race for the 
premier division champion- 
ship following their defeat on 
Saturday by Heart of Midlo- 
thian at Tynecastle. 

A goal by Hearts substitute 
Robertson gave them victory 
after Hewitt had opened the 
scoring for Aberdeen. 

Motherwell, who are 

improving rapidly, moved op 
the table following a 1-1 draw 
with Dundee at Dens Park. 
Wish art scored for Mother- 
well and Harvey for Dundee. 

Rangers, who have become 
second favourites for the 
championship regained their 
form by trouncing Clydebank 
4-1 at Kilbowie Park- McCoist 
(2). McPherson and Durrani 
scored for Rangers while 
Grant was the Clydebank 

Although they played enter- 
tainingly enough. Hibernian 
find themselves deeper in 
trouble following their 3-1 
defeat by St Mirren at Paisley 
and Hamilton Academicals 
have still to win their first 
premier division game. Again 
they went ahead in their 
match with Falkirk at Doug- 
las Park through Phillips. But 
again they lost 2-1. 

back four, or turning over a 
header from Hart. The next he 
was flapping feebly at a succes- 
sion of corners and centres. 

The referee was inconsis- 
tent, too. Inexcusably, he 
foiled to punish the ebullient 
Hirst for a fete challenge that 
threatened to dismember 
Johnston. Subsequently he 
booted Knight for the less 
dangerous offence of time 
wasting, a characteristic that 
Wednesday players seem to i 
feel is their professional duty. 
Sadly, they are for from 

As for Liverpool —when- 
ever Molby was in charge, 
they threatened. Whenever 
Walsh was on foe run, they 
were dangerous. But collec- 
tively they were neither quick 
enough in action nor imagi- 
native enough in thought to 
dismantle the physical power 
and foe mental discipline of 
their opponents. 

Yet they did create two 
notable opportunities at the 
end of each halt Both of them 
happened to foil to their two 
central defenders, Gillespie 
and Hansen. Between them 
they have collected 30 goals in 
almost 900 matches. 

LIVERPOOL: RGrabbefean (LGBupta. 

J. Began, M.Lawranson. CJototstoa. 

A. Hansen, P.Wafeh. SJfcoL LRush, 
■ umm SMcMatnyi. 

M.Siarfand. N.Worthingtcn. P.Hait, 
l. Knight, S.Jonssoo. B-Marwood. 
GJAMson. (-Chapman. OHrst (sutefl 

Referee: R MMonL 

Victory for 

Neil McGhee, of 
Auchinleck, beat Willie 
Wood, of Edinburgh, in foe 
final of foe CIS Insurance 
Scottish singles bowls 
championship at Coatbridge 
yesterday. Wood. Scotland’s 
most famous bowler, has 
never the Scottish title. 

Mota's race 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Rosa 
Mota, of Portugal, easily won 
foe Tokyo women's marathon 
on Saturday, setting a course 
record of 2hr 27min ISsec. 

Hopes fading for the 
solo sailor Caradec 

By Barry Pickthall 

Hopes were fading yes- 
terday for Loic Caradec, the 
skipper of the 85ft French 
catamaran, Royaie, which was 
found capsized on Saturday by 
a fellow competitor in the 
Route du Rhum single- 
handed trans-Atlantic race. 

The two red and white hulls 
were spotted 240 miles west of 
Cap Fmisterre at 7am by 
Florence Arthaud, one of two 
women in this race.- after an 
aerial search two days before 
had foiled to locate foe boat. 

Continuing rough seas 
stopped foe crew of a passing 
freighter from launching a 
boat to check if the sailor is 
sheltering in one of foe hulls 
yesterday, but foe ship contin- 
ued to stand by, waiting the 
arrival of the French de- 
stroyer, Madle Breze, which 
set out from Coruna on 

Conditions have been atro- 
cious since foe race began 
from St Malo eight days ago 
leading to foe Toss of five 
multihuDs including Tony 
Buflimore’s Apricot. 

For safety, each craft was 
equipped with French made 
Argos automatic tracking de- 
vices providing as many as 
nine position fixes each day. 
Royaie's last position was 
received by race control in 
Paris last Wednesday which 


Cara d ec: radio problems 
showed the catamaran was 
still leading tire race. 

For the first 12 hours of 
silence; the organizers were 
not too perturbed, for the day 
before, while reporting that 
the alarm aboard his wing 
masted catamaran, signalling 
an excessive angle of bed, “is 
sounding non-stop**, Caradec 
also wanted he was having 
problems with his radio. 

When foe Argos system 
foiled to pin-point the yacht 
on Thursday, race organizers 
sent up a plane to search for 
the boat but it was not until 
Saturday that their worst fears 
were confirmed. . 

LEADWG POSmaNS: (with mfeage tn 
Guadeloupe* 1. Rkbv Miction (P 
; 2. C&ctstment LaHerie Si 
. 2JS32; 3. Ericsson ~ 
Bach) (L Roan), 2.7Z 

Soviet surge Lola puli out 

The Soviet Union rugby 
union team had an un- 
expected 16-14 win over the 
World Cnp finalists Italy in 
yesterday. Meanwhile, the 
Fijians were enjoying foe first 
win of their British tour, 13-6 

Wolves roar 

The Wolverhampton Judo 
Club swept into the final of the 
European Club team 
championships on Saturday 
by beating the Racing Chib de 
France. The final takes place 
over the next two weekends. 

Lola cars are to be with- 
drawn temporarily from 
world championship formula 
one racing, which means that 
their drivers Alan Jones and 
Patrick Tarobay must secure a 
drive elsewhere or, more 
likely, compete in another 
form of motor racing next 

Hot and cold 

The British champion, 
Adrian Moorhouse, recovered 
from a heavy cold to beat the 
West Germans Rolf Beab and 
Bert Gobel in the 100 metres 
breaststroke at Cumbernauld, 

The last time England were 
ia a position to ask Australia 
to follow on in Australia, at 
Adelaide in 1970-71, Illing- 
worth chose to bat again and 
foe finhhrf in draw. 

contained but for the judg- 
ment and foe unwonted re- 
straint that went into it With 
England in danger of 
squandering their hard-won 
advantage of foe opening day, 
and falling back into the 
slough of foe previous week, it 
was as though Botham rose 
and said: “Leave ft to me." By 
luneb-time, he had even ush- 
ered Gower, d rop ped at dip 
before scoring, into some sort 
of form. By nightfall, he had 
admitted that now he is not 
foe bowler he was be must 
apply himself more carefully 
to his batting. 

For the record, ft was 
Botham's 14th Test hundred, 
though his first for nearly 
three years and in 34 innings 
for England. It lasted for 249 
minutes, took 174 balls, and 
contained 13 fours and four 
sixes. When be heard how 
long be had batted he said: 
“Jeez, 1 must be getting old." 
In foe over that he reached his 
100, after spending half-an- 
hour in foe 90s, he took 22 off 
Hughes. By foe time he was 
very well caught at long teg, 
Queenslanders were hopinf 
most profoundly that he wil 
reproduce the same form for 
them over the next three 
Fnglkh winters. They gave 
him a standing ovation. 



Chief Sports 

The Swedish takeover 
continues. Yet another of their 
yaengsters has moved off foe 
production line and into the 
front ranks with a perfor- 
mance of remarkable maturity 
over five sets at Wembley. 

At 20 Jonas Svenssoa pro- 
vides a lesson in many of the 
areas in which, at least up to 
foe present time, simila r 
young British players &8 
short in spite of the huge g\ 
investment in coa chin g, oto of 
foe profits of Wimbledon, by 
the Lawn Tennis Association. 

Blond, tall and slim, 
Svenssoa looks like Steve 
Cram and plays temris like 
Bjorn Borg with marvels of^ top 
spm. A fall house at WemMey 
Arena which had no doabt 
expected a comfortable 
straight-sets victory by the 
likeable Yannick Noah were 
treated instead to an afternoon 
of sustained suspense and 
briffiant theatre. 

Sweden are capable of field- 
ing two teams who could 
legitimately contest the final 
of the Dnris Cnp, which they 
defend against Australia next 
month. Svenssoa must be the 
newest memb&‘ of the dub. 

After defeating the unlBcdy 
Pinek to reach the {foal 
Svenssoa said, when asked to 
explain the profusion of ability f) 
which emerges from Iris conn- 4 
try: “There are a lot of small 
cities with a lot of dabs and 
the parents support the chil- 
dren without befog pushy." It 
is not only British players who 
have to learn how to approach 
the game. 

Temperament for 
the task in hand 

The result in Sweden is that 
their youngsters itevelop a 
temperament which is capable 
of moving ahead of theft 
technique: as the tedmiqee 
advances, the temperament is 
able to embrace whatever 
circumstances they eocomter. 

There was a perfect Olastift- d 
tion of this yesterday foa l 
match that progressed from a 

jpfrpr hpgwming lin mi na ted by 

Noah's angles, service power 
and agility, to the memorable 
high wire of a fluctuating 18- 
minnte tie-break which 
brought Svenssoa bade from 
two sets down. 

For those two sets ft had not 
none wen for bon, as he probed 
from foe baseline for the 
openings, down the flank and 
cross-coral, with which he had 
dispatched Cash and Pinek. 

At 4-4 in the third set he was 
30-40 on his own service. It 
was effectively match point 
Without the twitch of a face 
rnnsde he played a volleyed 
drop-shot with stunning 
audacity; and held his serve 
for 5-4. _ _ p. 

After winning the Davis' 
Cnp against West Germany In 
Mranch last year Hans Olsen, 
the Swedish captain, had re- 
flected that his players woe so 
evenly humoured that they did 
not need to play with even an 
ampae, never mind a referee. 
Svenssoa demonstrated that 
be possesses that same ability 
to withstand the ffnetnation of 
ability and chance with 

Reproving finger 
stabs forehead 

it:,. •- 

Title for Bean Snrreyon top Bo™™® back 

Kapalua (Reuter) — Andy 
Bean won foe Kapalua inter- 
national golf tournament in 

Surrey dominated the AB- 
England women's lacrosse 
tournament on Saturday, 
beating Cheshire 5-2 in. the 
final, • 

Susan Shotton. Britain's 
former world champion, won 
foe women's title at foe 
Hermesetas World Cup at 
Crystal Palace yesterday. 

moved across for the next 
point There were those who 
used tosay that Borg, with his 
baseline tactics, was bormg. If 
only foe Lord would smile on 
Britain and give ns just one 
boring Svessson. 

In the third-set tie-break he 
was down 3-0. Then, on the 
first of five match points to 
Noah, be palled off a towering 
lob when Noah's half-vofley 
jnst clipped the baseline, a 
stroke of astonishing tactical 
ambition at such a moment 
On foe third match point at 8- 
9 be did it again. 

Sech detachment, blended 
to unyielding concentration, 
means that foe pressure upon 
him is never self-imposed. He 
has none of Becker’s aggres- 
sive motivation, beyond the 
occasional clenching of a fist 
when having won an important 

Two years ago Svenssoa left 
university after one year to 
give more scope to the devetop- 

His application of intelligence, 
the variety of hfo tactics, were 
yesterday evident and 

When asked earlier in the 
week whether he fended bis 
fhaawKi of reaching the SmI 
he said that he had looked at 
those whom he would have to 
meet and that “it was good for 
the mind." There are twists of 
irony in his conversation as 
well as his play. The loser 
y es te rday was a winner. 

Rex Bellamy, page 32 

Reggi plays Goles 

San Joan — Italy's Rafaello 
Reggi ami Sabrina Goles, of 
Yngoisalavia, reached the fi- 
nal of the Honda- Virginia 
Slims women's world 
championship series here 
(Associated Press reports).