Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

No 62,618 



By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Conservative MPs yes- private member's Bills in the 
leraay launched a new initia- present session. 

The aim was to encourage 

tive to reform the laws on 
Sunday trading, only seven 
months after the Government 
suffered its most stunning 
defeat of die present Par- 
liament on its own attempt to 
abolish restrictions. 

At the same time it emerged 
that Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, would wel- 
come a move inspired from 
the Conservative back 
benches to make the licensing 
laws more flexible. 

More than 100 MPs, includ- 
ing some of the most senior 
backbenchers and former 
ministers, backed a Commons 
motion calling for the shops 
law to be amended to allow 
premises connected with lei- 
sure activities, such as do-it- 
yourself shops and garden 
centres, to open on Sundays. 

The signatories included at 
least six MPs who voted last 
April against the Shops Bill, 
contributing to the large 
backbench revolt which re- 
sulted in the loss of a central 
piece of government 

Yesterday’s large 
demonstration of support for 
the principle of reform was 
limed to coincide with the 
ballot on Thursday among 
MPs for the right to introduce 


When the man 
wants a child and 
the woman wants 
to end the 
whose life is it 
anyway? Barbara 
Amiel argues that 
the father has 
rights too 

9 The £4, COO prize in 
yesterday’s Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was shared 
by two readers - Mr 
P. Woods, of Chiswick, 
London, and Mr G. 
Davies, of St John’s 
Wood, London. 

Details, page 3. 

9 Portfolio list, page 
29; how to play, 
information service, 
page 24. 

Shops boom 

Spending in the shops remains 
on course for a record Christ- 
mas. retailers believe. Volume 
of spending last month was 7 
per cent up on October last 
vear Page 25 

Horn* News 2-5 
Overseas 7-10 

Ap^ls 22J* 

Arts 11 

Births, deal 
marriages B 
Bridge 22 

Bnsiims 25-36 

CWch 23 
Ci»Brt ~ 

Cross* oak 1224 
Diary 14 

Fea feres 12-14 

La* Report 

Sale Room 

SS" 4 ^* 

TV & RjhBo 45 
Linhersities 23 
Weather 24 
WiBs 22 

any Conservative MP coming 
near the top of the ballot to 
introduce a Bill along the lines 
of the Commons motion. 

The indications that Mr 
Hurd is hoping that a back- 
bencher will seize the opportu- 
nity to introduce a Bill 

ft * * * * * 

Sir Marcos Fox: Aiming for 
sense in Sunday shopping. 

bringing in more flexible 
licensing laws, along Scottish 
lines, mean that two of the 
most controversial issues 
among Conservative MPs 
could be bade on the agenda 
for what coukl be the last 
session before the general 

Mr Hurd is in favour in any 
case of including a pledge on 
licensing in the next election 
manifesto, but be will not 
stand in the way of any private 
attempt to make the change 

But ministers are anxious 
dial in any backbench move 
due sensitivity would have to 
be shown on the issues of 
alcobol and health and alcohol 
and crime. 

Crucial to the Uketihood of 
a Sunday trading Bill succeed- 
ing would be the attitude of 
the Government. Because of 

the procedural opportunities 
for opponents, private 
members' legislation has little 
chance of reaching' the statute- 
book unless the Government 
makes parliamentary time 
available for iL 
Having been so humiliat- 
ingly rebuffed last April min- 
isters have no intention of 
rapidly embracing a new mea- 
sure by "laking dear in ad- 
vance that it would allow 
time, it was made dear yes- 
terday. But it will not attempt 
to block any measure. 

The Government remains 
in favour of deregulation 
The aims of the sponsors, 
led by Sir Marcus Fox, MP for 
Shipley, is to create as wide a 
consensus as possible around 
the limited reform. 

If they succeed in showing 
that there is a clear par- 
liamentary majority for the 
reform they hope that the 
Government might be en- 
couraged to stop in and help 
out over granting time. 

The motion's sponsors are 
confident that a majority will 
be forthcoming for a Bill. 

It is pouted out that the 
Shops Bill failed only because 
about 20 MPs who had orig- 
inally indicated that they fa- 
voured legislation changed 
their minds when h came to 
the crunch. 

By limiting the reform to 
leisure activities and not high 
street shopping, Sir Marcus 
and his colleagues believe they 
can win a much wider mea- 
sure of support 
Sir Marcus said yesterday: 
“In retrospect it may have 
been a mistake to go for 
complete deregulation. 

"There were legitimate fears 
about the big shops in the high 
street opening. Our motion is 
the first step in a move to 
bring some sense into a cha- 
otic situation." 

Aids fear leads to 
sperm destruction 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
Clinics treating infertile contaminated needles. Two of 

couples in Scotland have de- 
stroyed their stocks of donated 
spenn because of the risk of 
Aids contamination. 

Government guidelines 
were issued to fertility clinics 
last July. Strict screening 
precautions are now imposed 
on male donors. 

The guidelines were distrib- 
uted after frozen sperm sam- 
ples in Australia were found to 
contain traces of Aids virus 
infection earlier this year. 

Four Scottish ctinics have 
slopped the . artificial in- 
semination of infertile women 
with donor sperm and de- 
stroyed stocks that pre-date 
the government advice. 

The clinics, in Edinburgh, 
Glasgow, Aberdeen and Inver- 
ness, wUl not use donated 
sperm until next February, by 
which time all samples will 
have been screened. 

Twenty-nine babies in 
Edinburgh and Dundee have 
been born with the Aids virus. 
They were infected in the 
womb because their parents 
were heroin addicts using 

the babies have developed 

A woman has developed 
Aids after receiving an in- 
fected kidney in a transplant 
operation two years ago. 

Mrs Susan Minns, aged 32, 
of Fleetwood, Lancashire, is 
being treated for complica- 
tions of the disease at 
Withington Hospital, Man- 
chester. Her condition is 

The Conservative Family 
Campaign claims today, in a 
letter to Lord Whitdaw, that 
the Government’s campaign 
on Aids is a waste of money, 
saying that it should be made a 
notifiable disease, and testing 
of the whole population 
should be undertaken, “vol- 
untarily in the first instance.” 

A British man who was 
deported from Sri Lanka be- 
cause be is seriously 31 with 
Aids arrived in London 

Mr Richard Savory, aged 
37, travelled from Colombo in 
a partitioned area of a sched- 
uled BA flight. 

No poaches pulled, page 2 

Reunited in freedom: The US hostages released from captivity in Lebanon, from left, Dr 
David Jacobsen, Father Martin Jenco and the Rev Benjamin Weir, embracing at Lambeth 
Palace in London yesterday (Photograph: Harry Kerr). Hostage rumours warning, page 7. 

MI5 man 
called in 
spy case 

By Michael Evans 

Whitehall Correspondent 

Agents of M15, both past 
and present, have been flown 
to Australia by the Govern- 
ment to take part in the court 
case over the book written by 
Mr Peter Wright, the former 
senior officer of the Security 

One of them, who worked 
for M15 at the same time as 
Mr Wright, is to be called to 
give evidence, but the court- 
has already agreed that he 
must remain unidentified. : 
Other M15 men are keeping in 
the background as pan of the 
advisory team attached to Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the Cabi- 
net Secretary. 

Mr Wright, who became 
ML^s chief mole-hunter dur- 
ing the latter part of bis 15- 
year career with the Security 
Service, is now a household 
name. His book, which the 
Government is trying to sup- 
press on the grounds that it 
would breach the rules of 
confidentiality covering all 
members of MI5. is all about 
naming names. 

His former colleagues will 
provide proof to the court in 
New South Wales that Mr 
Wright was given the same 
written instructions as all 
other recruits to the Security 
Service concerning the need 
for secrecy at all times. 

The ex-MI5 officer has filed 
an affidavit and will be called 
later to be cross examined on 
the written statement One 
Whitehall source said yes- 
terday : “The court is satisfied 
that he is a bona fide past- 
member of the Security Ser- 
vice, and he will be in a 
position to give details on the 
nature of the contract signed 
by everyone who joins M15 
and the other intelligence 
services.” . . 

British chum, page 10 

US Insider-trading 
scandal shakes 
City and Wall St 

By Bailey Morris in Washington and Richard Lander 

Alliance picks ad man 

The SDP/Liberal Alliance 
yesterday acquired a new im- 
age-builder. Mr David Abbott, 
p pfA 48, chairman of Abbott, 
Mead & Vickers, a West End 
advertising agency with 
billings of between £75,000m 
and £ 80,000m a year. 

Us clients include 
Salis bury's. British Caledo- 
nian and Smiths Crisps. 

Mr Abbott said yesterday 
that he was approached by the 
Alliance leadership on the 
basis of past links and per- 
sonal recommendation. It was 
bis job to get the message 
heard, “to make £1 do the 
work of £2". 

He wifi be involved in all 
aspects of party publicity. 

Affiance choice, page 4 

Renault chief 
shot dead 

Paris (Reuter) - A man and 
a woman on a motorcycle shot 
dead the president of the 
French Renault car company 
last night, an Interior Ministry 
official said. 

The attack on M Georges 
Besse took place in a Mont- 
parnasse street at 7.25pm. 

The aftershocks of the mas- 
sive US insider-trading scan- 
dal — involving Mr Ivan 
Boesky, the investor fined 
$100 million (about £67 mil- 
lion) by the American finan- 
cial authorities on Friday — 
were quickly felt yesterday in 
the financial communities on 
both sides of the Atlantic. 

In New York, at least 12 
subpoenas were served on 
\Vali Sw! traders in an 
atwrapi »jy the Securities anti 
Exchange CommissicD (SEC) 
to dig out detailed informa- 
tion on Mr Boesky’s relation- 
ship with Drexd. Burnham 
Lambert, the investment 

Mr Boesky’s downfall came 
when the SEC was told of his 
insider-trading activities by 
Mr Dennis Levine, a former 
Drexel managing director who 
was arrested on similar 
charges earlier this year. 

Mr Boesky and Drexel were 
two of the biggest and most 
controversial players in 
“merger-mania”, which has 
swept Wall Street in recent 
years. Mr Boesky was renown 
for the way he bought vital 
stakes in companies at the 
centre of takeover battles, and 
Drexel for the manner in 

which it financed daring bids 
by companies often far small- 
er than their targets. 

Among those who received 
subpoenas, according to Wall 
Street sources, were Mr Mi- 
chael Milken, who pioneered 
the use of high-yielding “junk 
bonds" at Drexd. and Mr Carl 
Icahn, a corporate raider 
whose reputation in takeover 
battles almost matched that of 
Mr Boesky. 

In London, the shares in Mr 
Boesky's British investment 
trust, Cambrian and General 
Securities, were suspended 
from trading as its directors 
assessed the effects of Friday's 
ruling on the company. 

Mr Boesky has already re- 
signed as chairman of Cam- 
brian, which invested most of 
its funds in the US. while his 
£32 million of shares in the 
company are in the control of 
an American court and will be 
used to pay his record fine. 

Although Mr Boesky had a 
relatively low profile here, the 
coincidence of his downfall 
with Britain’s own insider- 
trading scandal involving Mr 
Geoffrey Collier of Morgan 

Continued on page 24, col 6 

Baker to 
insist on 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 

Mr Kenneth Baker yes- 
terday sought to pul pressure 
on the teachers’ unions to 
accept a more hierarchical pay 
Structure as the poker game 
between the Government and 
the education service entered 
a last crucial phase. 

Teachers' leaders and their 
local authority employers 
meet again tomorrow to put 
the finishing touches to the 
draft agreement reached early 
on Saturday morning at the 
conciliation service Acas. It is 
expected to be ratified on 
Friday by, at the very least, a 
majority of the unions. 

Yesterday in the Com- 
mons. Mr Baker walked a 
tightrope between caving into 


the unions and the Labour-led 
council employers and impos- 
ing his own package. 

His statement in reply to a 
question from Mr Giles 
Radice, the Labour education 
spokesman, began as a hold- 
ing operation, saying that he 
was “considering" the draft 
text pending the outcome oi 
the resumed talks. 

But he then gave notice to 
the two sides in the long- 
running dispute that they will 
have to shift their ground 
before he can recommend the 
deal to Cabinet. 

“Some progress has been 
made but there are major 
points of concern, first on the 
cost and particularly over the 
shape of the pay structure." 

He returned to this point 
several times, saying it was 
“absolutely central" to have a 
pay structure that would re- 
ward the “good classroom 

Continued on page 24, col 2 

By Our Foreign Staff 

South Korea put its police 
on foil alert yesterday as it 
maintained that President 
Kim II Sung, North Korea's 
leader for nearly 40 years, had 
been shot dead while travel- 

Diplomats interpreted an 
earlier report that Mr 
Balmonh had left Ulan Bator 
for a visit “at the invitation 
of . . . Kim 11 Sung" as a sign 
from Moscow that the North 
Korean leader was alive de- 
spite reports he had been 
murdered. The later Tass 
report said only that Mr 
Balmonh had arrived in the 
port of Vladivostok 
In Washington, the White 
House spokesman, Mr Larry 
Speak es. said that US officials 
had received “some reports" 
about a power struggle in 
North Korea. 

Seonl alert, page 9 

Prison officers may act 
on incitement’ char 


Bv Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The Prison Officers’ Associ- 
ation is considering taking 
legal a:i : cn over allegations 
tnat some prison officers in- 
cited inmates to lake pari in 
Britain’s worst ever jail riots 
last spring. 

The accusation comes from 
prisoners cited in the first 
independent report on the 
disturbances, published yes- 
terday by the Prison Reform 
Trust Dr Stephen Shaw, its 
director, said that shamefully, 
a few rogue prison officers 
condoned and incited the 

Mr David Evans, the 
association's general sec- 
retary, said yesterday: “We are 
consulting our lawyers.” 

He added: “We find it 
inconceivable that any officer 
would instigate actions which 
would place themselves, their 
colleagues and their families 

in danger. We amply do not 
accept i: was possible for any 
officer tc :neiie pr^vne-v :c 

The prisoners themselves 
said the causes for the distur- 
bances were there months 
before the riots. Mr Evans 

Dr Shaw said: “An ex- 
tremely grave accusation 
about the role of certain 
prison officers in inciting the 
riots has been made by five of 
the six prisoners we spoke to." 

Fires, riots, disturbances 
and violence broke out with a 
derision by prison officers to 
begin sanctions over manning 
levels. Twenty-two jails and 
detention centres were hit on 
April 30. 

Both Dr Shaw and Mr 
Evans agree that there is a 
threat of more riots. 

Staff accused, page 5 

talks offer 

From Eduardo Cue 
Buenos Aires 

The Argentine Government 
called on Britain yesterday to 
agree to global negotiations 
over the Falklands and said it 
might eventually declare an 
end to the state of hostilities. 

In a statement it said it was 
willing to resolve through 
negotiations “all the problems 
that exist between the two 
parties in addition to the 
dispute over sovereignty." . 

These would include dip- 
lomatic, consular and 
commercial relations. 

The Argentine initiative 
was carefully timed to co- 
incide with yesterday’s meet- 
ing at the White House 
between President Alfonsin 
and President Reagan. 

BBC in new row over 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

ment given to the Embassy’s 
work, pressure is growing 
inside the Foreign Office for 
any similar access to be denied 
to the BBC in future films it 
may seek to make about 
embassies abroad. 

The BBC is at the centre ofa 
new controversy as the result 
of a documentary about the 
lives of British diplomats and 
journalists based in Moscow, 
which is thought by senior 
figures in the Foreign Office to 
have deliberately shown the 
work of the British Embassy m 
an unfavourable light 

British sources told The 
Times yesterday that the Brit- 
ish Ambassador. Sir Bryan 
Cartledge, planned to write a 
personal letter to tire BBC 
complaining about the film. 
Caviar and Cornflakes* and its 
director, Mr Richard Denton, 
who was given unusually, wide 
access to Embassy facilities as 
part of an arrangement 
reached before filming began 
last May. 

Because of the anger among 
many diplomats at the mai- 

lt is understood that the 
Ambassador and leading 
members of the Embassy staff 
are unhappy about what they 
consider to have been the 
failure of the BBC 1 docu- 
mentary to show a fair picture 
of foe Embassy’s work. Some 
diplomats have complained 
privately that Mr Demon, 
formerly producer of the series 
Comrades , had deliberately 
set out to denigrate them. 

During the filming, which 
lasted for almost a month, 
members of the BBC team, 
including Mr Denton, com- 
plained to British journalists 

Mr Richard Denton: The 
producer under fire. 

who were also taking part, that 
despite foe agreement with the 
Foreign Office, much of the 
Embassy routine was out o» 
reach of foe cameras for 
“security reasons". 

The film received mixed 
reviews when it was screened 


at the end of last month, with 
some British papers contend- 
ing that it reflected poorly on 
the Embassy . 

Much of foe footage con- 
centrated on emphasizing the 
remoteness of the life lived by 
diplomats from that of or- 
dinary Soviet citizens, and 
much emphasis was laid on a 
petty squabble with journal- 
ists over Press passes to 
accompany a British delega- 
tion into foe Kremlin. 

The film has been dogged by 
controversy from foe outset 
When Mr Demon first arrived 
in Moscow, where he has a 
Soviet wife, he was unable to 
begin shooting immediately. 
His original camera crew re- 
fused to fly to foe Soviet 
Union because of what they 
claimed were dangers posed 
by foe Chernobyl nuclear 
disaster. A substitute crew was 
eventually found. 


the crown 

From Alan Hamilton 

Rather a lot of Saudi Arabia 
seemed to be abroad yesterday 
when foe Prince and Princess 
of Wales flew into foe capital. 
Riyadh, on the last stage of 
their Middle Eastern tour. But 
was foe key man of foe 
moment in Switzerland or the 
Canary Islands? 

Crown Prince Abdullah, the 
most senior member of foe 
ruling Al-Saud family next lo 
King Fabd. who was to have 
been foe royal couple's official 
host had already made it 
known foal he had to leave for 
medical treatment in Europe. 
But according to foe Spanish 
news agency EFE, the crown 
prince arrived in foe Canary 
Islands on Friday and was still 
there yesterday. However, his 
son. Prince Moulaib. said in 
Riyadh yesterday that he had 
spoken to his father in Geneva 
that morning. 

But that was nor all: one of 
his sons. Prince Faisal, whose 
horse won the Prince and 
Princess of Wales Cup at 
Riyadh racecourse yesterday 
afternoon, also foiled to 
appear to receive his trophy 
from the Princess. 

Instead, the gold trophy was 
accepted by another of the 
Crown Prince's sons. Prince 
Muiaib- who told reporters 
that his father was “very - sorry 
10 be absent, but it was 
essential that he went for a 
medical check-up in Switzer- 
land, which had to be done on 
time”. When asked why the 
correct son was not at the 
racecourse, a spokesman for 
the Saudi royal protocol 
depanment shrugged his 
shoulders. “Perhaps he is 
abroad," he said. 

Saudi officials, the British 
Embassy and the Buckingham 

Continued OB page 24 , col 1 

Berkley Cutlery Canteen 

44 pieces of stainless steel cutlery in a 
black wooden canteen. Available from 
52 stores or by mail order (0491 35511) 
while stocks last. 

And don’t forget our 1 986/7 catalogue 
has a £5 voucher which you can now 
use when spending £50 or more on 
your Christmas shopping at 





^ ii 


{ ** 












ling on a train. 


But North Korean repre- 

sentatives in Moscow, Peking. 

Hanoi and Tokyo denied that 

Mr Kim, 74. was dead. The 


official Pyongyang Radio, 
monitored in Tokyo, made no 
reference to the South Korean 



The South Korean Defence 


Ministry said yesterday that 


Mr Kim apparently had died 


or that a power struggle was 


under way in the communist 
nation. There was no 


confirmation from North Ko- 


rea. but North Korean dip- 

. 2 

lomats abroad sharply denied 
the report 

The official Soviet news 
agency Tass yesterday 


dropped any reference to 


President Kim Ii Sung when it 


reported that foe Mongolian 


leader, Mr Zhambyn 


Batmonh. was on his way to 




House price rise 
bottoms out 

ftXiSSF* 1 " jM»se pike increases is oontiuuuig, as 
finnn^i! eai ^ r ® year conns to an end and Christmas 

PWTOtaies, the Royal Institntioa of Chartered S urv eyo r s 
published today. The institution gave die 

22*. dnnn & whfle most of the remainder recorded 
“peases up to 2 percent. 

with half of the agents polled in the qnar- 
“V i^Septonb.r, *ho rqS^.rtSLtill. 
i»,r3f- ™ P»t*en, the Housing Minister, said yesterday 
wonW support high street bousing advice 
^5? ™ abont £3 mOBoo oat of their £6 million cost to 
n “P home-owners tackle repairs and maintenance. 

Hatton locked out 

Protesters from voluntary organizations «™i community 
groups whose grants are being cut by Liverpool City 
Council locked ont Mr Derek Hatton, deputy leader of the 
city c ouncil, and other councillors yesterday when they 
arrived to attend a meeting at the town fan. 

T&e 200 protesters, of whom about 60 staged a “lock-in" 
padJodted the doors with a heavy bicycle chain. 

More than 120 voluntary organizations v i wd community 
groups supported the lock-in, 

Mr Harry Smith, chairman of the youth and cumin unity 
sob-committee said: “AD the cots are based on the results 
of a working party." 


MPs pull no punches in Aids inquiry 



A fourth man was con- 
victed yesterday for his 
part in the kidnapping 
earlier this year of Mrs 
Jennifer Guinness, whose 
husband, Mr John Guin- 
ness, was chairman of tue 
Guinness and Mabon mer- 
chant bank. 

Brian McNkboll, aged 
49, a businessman from 
Londonderry, Northern 
Ireland, who has an ad- 
dress at Waterloo Road, 
Dublin, win be sentenced in 
Dublin today. 

McNichoU had denied 
falsely imprisoning Mrs 
Guinness ami having a gun 
with intent to endanger me. 



Mr Richard Branson, 
head of the Virgin travel to 
pop music empire, asked 
British industry yesterday 
for more help for the Gov- 
ernment’s “UK 2,000" 
clean up scheme of which 
he is chairman. 

“Having people working 
and training and learning 
instead of sitting at home 
with nothing to do will 
directly help businesses as 
well," he said in Manches- 

“We hope that by April 
about 5,000 new jobs will 
be up and going. If we can 
achieve that we will be very 

Tourists’ black day 

Dudley In the “Black Com try" is to spead £10 minion 
over five years to join the top tourist attractions, if 
recommendations by the borough's economic development 
committee are accepted. 

The “Dark Cavern", a natural limestone cave beneath 
Castle Hill, would be opened up as part of the local canal 
and there ctmld be re-eneactments of the siege of Dudley 
Castle during the Civil War. 

An English Tourist Board report suggests that in five 
years Dudley could double its visitors to about 750,000 a 
year and generate £4 million. 

Just say 

John Cleese (right), the 
comedy actor, has been 
voted the funniest man in 

Cleese, whose claims to 
fame include his “silly 
walks” from Monty 
Python's Flying Chau and 
his Faulty Towers tele- 
vision series, came top of a 
poll conducted by Radio 
One. Lenny Henry was in 
second place followed by 
Michael Barrymore, Bes 
Elton and Rik MayalL 

Others who received 
votes were Mr Norman 
Teh bit, Mr Neil Kfanock 
and Mr Michael Fish, the 
BBC weatherman. 

Fatstock Young ‘are 

is lifted 

A High Court judge, in 
Birmingham, has dismissed 
an attempt by nine members 
of the Association of British 1 
Abattoir Companies to outlaw 
strikes planned by 630 govern- 
ment fatstock officers. 

Mr Justice Henry, giving a 
reserved judgement yesterday, 
after a four-day heariag in 
chambers in London, recently, 
discharged an injunction 
which had been granted 
against the men's union, the 
Institution of Professional 
Civil Servants. 

The fatstock officers, who 
are pursuing a claim for 
regrading, held a one-day 
strike on October 8, and the 
union then held a ballot in 
which 77 per cent voted in 
favour of further strikes. 

The companies said that 
their livelihood would be dis- 
rupted although they were 
neutral and powerless. 

The inspectors said that if 
their right to strike after a 
ballot was taken away their 
position would be no better 
than if they were in an 
industry where strikes were 
forbidden by law. 

The judge said, yesterday, 
he did not consider there was a 
serious issue to be tried and he 
lifted the injunction. 

By Martin Fletcher 

Political Reporter 

The Ministry of Defence 
has been asked to supply 
information to a "no-holds- 
bamxT select committee in- 
vestigation into the Aids 

MPs will want to know the 
extent of the disease among 
servicemen and what steps the 
minis try is taking to counter 
its spread. 

Apart from a large number 
of hospitals, health authori- 
ties, leading doctors and char- 
itable Aids organizations, the 
social services committee has 

also asked for evidence by 
December 15 from bodies 
likely to have to take tough 
policy decisions on how to 
deal with Aids victims and 

They include: 

• The Association of British 
Insurers, some of whose mem- 
bers are considering refusing 
mortgage insurance to young 
men dying to buy a home 
together in case they are 
homosexual and high-risk. 

• The Home Office, which 
faces the possibility of Aids 
spreading rapidly in prisons. 

• The National Council for 



By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 



Young people are being 
used as runners between drug 
dealers and street customers, 
according to a report by the 
Chief Constable of Avon and 
Somerset Police. 

Mr Ronald Broome adds, in 
the report on the policing of 
the St Paul's area of Bristol, 
that the young people are also . 
used as look-outs against pol- 
ice, and that the practice is 
increasing drug dealers’ im- 

He says that criminals are 
trying to turn St Paul's into a 
no-go area. 

He says that crime levels in 
the district had dropped, but 
adds: “The prospects for 
spontaneous serious public 
disorder in the inner city area, 
particularly in St Paul’s, re- 
mains high." 

Kuomba Balogun, a black 
leader of the St Paul's Associ- 
ation, said yesterday that it 
was wrong to blame black 
youths for the inner city 
troubles. The cause was not a 
lawless element but “preva- 
lent social problems". 

Mr Malcolm Popperwell, 
the assistant chief constable 
who suffered a heart attack 
after leading 600 police 
against rioters, was bade on 
duty yesterday. 

A “catastrophic" gearbox 
failure was responsible for the 
Chinook helicopter crash off 
the Sbetiands earlier this 
month in which 45 people 
were killed, it was disclosed 
last night. 

An interim report by the 
Department of Transport's 
accident investigation branch 
into Britain's worst helicopter 
disaster also disclosed that 
evidence of metal fatigue had 
been found in other Boeing 
234 helicopters which could 
potentially lead to similar 

Mr Michael Spicer, a junior 
transport minister, immedi- 
ately announced that the 
remaining Chinooks used in 
Britain for transporting civil- 
ians will not be allowed to fly 
again while the Civil Aviation 
Authority carries out its own 

The preliminary report by 
the accident investigation 
chiefs provides a chilling ac- 
count of the last moments 
before the Chinook plunged 
into the sea on November 6. 
The helicopter's commander 
was minutes from arriving at 
Sumbuigh airport and had 
just received clearance to 

“No further radio commu- 
nication was heard from the 
Chinook. At this time the crew 
remarked on a noticeable 
increase in the noise level on 
the flight deck. One of them 
described it as a roaring noise. 

“This was followed by a 
'bang', the aircraft pitched 
nose up to a near vertical 
attitude, went out of control 
and crashed into the water." 

A demited examination of 
the helicopter's transmission 
system had identified “a cata- 
strophic fatigue failure of a 
spiral bevel ring gear in die 
forward rotor gearbox”. 

The failure almost certainly 
led to the helicopter’s two sets 
of rotor blades becoming 
desynchronized “resulting in 
the rear rotor blades colliding 
with those of the forward 
rotor,” the report adds. 

S imilar gears taken from 
other Chinooks operated by 
British Internationa] Hel- 
icopters “also show evidence 
of fretting and fatigue 

BIH, recently bought by Mr 
Robert Maxwell from British 
Airways, voluntarily groun- 
ded its three remaining Chi- 
nooks after the Shetland crash. 

In a Commons written an- 
swer last night, Mr Spicer said: 

Police meet community 
over Tamil deaths 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Police investigating the east 
London arson artack in which 
three Tamils died are to hold a 
public meeting tonight to 
explain to the local commu- 
nity the progress of the 

The meeting at East Ham 
town hall, not far from the 
scene of the fire in a terrace 
house last week, will be held 
by senior officers- A public 
briefing on an important 
crime such as a murder in- 
quiry is thought to be unprece- 
dented. although meetings 
have been held in the after- 
math of public disorder. 

Tonight's takes place 
against a background of local 
fcais that the fire was part of a 
series of race attacks in the 
area. But detectives who are 
questioning a number of Tam- 
ils increasingly believe the 
motive for the attack lies in 

Tamil politics and feuds 
within rival groups. 

Yesterday one of six Tamils 
arrested at the weekend was 
released. After holding the 
other five for 36 hours, the 
police were given an extension 
by a local magistrate to con- 
tinue questioning them. 
Detectives were also interro- 
gating a man held on Sunday 

The three Tamils who died 
were trapped early on Friday 
morning when three petrol 
bombs were thrown through 
the windows of the house in 
which they were staying. Six 
others who were in the house 
escaped serious injury. 

Police have investigated re- 
ports of a fight between rival 
Tamil groups over a week ago 
and another attack on a house 
which may be linked to the 

Civil Liberties, which would 
have to deride what stance to 
take were measures to be 
taken restricting the freedom 
of Aids carriers and vic tims. 

• The TUC and CBL which 
must tackle the problem of 
Aids victims or camera in the 

• The Department of Educa- 
tion and Science, Much has 
encountered cases of 
haemophiliac schcrolduldrcn 
boycotted because they have 
contracted the virus. 

• The Church of England and 
the National Federation of 
Women's Institutes, both of 

which have taken a keen 
interest in the ramifications of 

Mr Roy Galley, a Conser- 
vative member ox the commit- 
tee, said: “We have got to be 
entirely frank with ourselves 
and the country on this issue, 
and really son ont what the 
options are for dealing with 
the threat and what is the best 
thing to do to safeguard the 
nation’s health." 

The Ministry of Defence 
said yesterday that it h as no 
known cases of Aids victims, 
although it cannot say how 

many servicemen may be 


Last month, it distributed 
300,000 copies of a Health 
Education Council booklet 
with as insert reminding 
servicemen that homosexual- 
ity and drag-taking, the two 
activities which place their 
practitioners at greatest risk, 
were outlawed by service 

Servicemen found to have 
the disease would be medi- 
cally discharged, while carriers 
“are unlikely to be fit enough 
to remain in service". Total 
screening has been ruled out 

“Air safety is the statutory 
responsibility of the CAA, 
who I understand have been 
closely involved with the ac- 
cident investigation which has 
been studying the trans- 
mission gearbox failure se- 
quence and its metallurgy. 

“Whilst the authority is 
evaluating the possibility of 
safety returning the aircraft to 
service, the remaining Chi- 
nook helicopters cm the UK 
civil register will not be 

• The remaining three Chi- ! 
nooks in British International 
Helicopters's fleet could be 
flying again soon (Our Air , 
Correspondent writes). 

Detailed talks with the 
manufacturers, Boeing, the 
Federal Aeronautics Admin- 
istration in the US and the 
Civil Aviation Authority have 

North Sea workers have 
said they are prepared to face 
dismissal rather than fly again 
in the Chinook helicopter. 

The depth of feeling against 
the Chinook was made dear fa 
astntement sent to Aberdeen 
Press and Journal by the crew 
of Stadive, the mobile semi- 
su bmersible rig used to re- 
cover many of the bodies in the 
Shetland crash. 

The statement, described as 
“unauthorized" by the vessel's 
manag ement company, Sea- 
fonh Maritime, was paid to 
represent the majority view 
among the Stature's 128- 
strong crew. 

• Mrs Sharon Jennings, 

widow of one of the crash 
victims, left hospital with her 
new-born baby yesterday to 
attend her has band Paul's 

shown that an older compo- 
nent in the gearbox does not 
have the same problem as a 
new modification fitted to the 

Now the authority has ruled 
that the three helicopters must 
remain grounded until the 
original part can be installed 
in the gearbox again. 

Once the parts can be 
shipped to Scotland and in- 
stalled they will be inspected 
and tested by the authority’s 
engineers and the helicopters 
certified fit to fly again. 

But the authority has ruled 
that they must be subjected to 
regular inspection. And they 
are also looking at other parts 
of the entire transmission 
system in an effort to isolate 
those areas considered vital 

Cars with 
no tax disc 
could be 

By Rodney Cbwtoo 

Cars which fail to display * 
valid tax disc could be im- 
pounded or have their wheels 
if proposals by the 
Road Traffic Law Review are 
acc e pted. . 

Several other motoring of- 
fences could also come within 
the scope of the la w on 
impounding and wheel-damp- 
ing, which is generally l im i t ed 
to vehicles which have been 
badly parked or abandoned. 

The review was set op last 
year to consider a number at 
aspects of traffic law, and in 
August the Government asked 
h also to consider a possible 
extension of such measures. 

In its consultative document 
published today the Road 

Traffic Law Review says there 
could be three purposes for 

Bottomley, tire Transport Minister, driving a bulldozer ID dig np the first few yards for 
the Okehampton bypass, aimed at ending holiday traffic problems 

Blackspot bypass underway 

Mr Peter Bottomley, the 
Minister for Transport, yes- 
terday started the work on the 
controversial bypass at Oke- 
hampton, Devon, by bulldoz- 
ing the first few yards. 

The bypass will slice 
through Dartmoor National 
Park and should solve one of 
Britain's worst holiday traffic 
blacks po is. 

The 5.3 mile road, de- 
scribed by opponents as “a 
disaster for the national part”, 
will cost £16.6 million. It will 
take two years to build and 
will eventually form part of a 
dual carriageway linking the 
M5 to Cornwall 

The bypass which runs 
through foe northern tip of 
Dartmoor has angered conser- 
vationists but after a 20-year 

on Ulster 

By Richard Ford 

The police in Northern Ire- 
land fast night warned civil- 
ians who dressed fa uniforms 
and appeared at public rallies 
that they risked prosecution. 

The warning was prompted 
by the appearance at rallies 
last week of Chilians dressed 
fa paramilitary-style outfits. 
The statement said: “Recent 
events have been carefully 
monitored by the RUC, as will 
any future ac tiv i ty , and ev- 
idence of breaches of the law 
will be reported to the Director 
of Public Prosecutions". 

The statement came after 
displays at Ulster Resistance 
rallies fa which a uniformed 
colour party carried standards 
of the movement’s nine battal- 
ions. On Saturday uniformed 
men carrying Ulster Defence 
Association ffcqpi appeared at 
a rally is the centre of Belfast 
• A reservist fa tire RUC his 
wife and tewiay grandson, 
were treated fa hospital yes- 
terday after a petrol bomb 

The bomb was thrown 
through a window of the 
officer’s home in Lisbon, Co 

Three men were later being 
questioned by police. 

battle and a lengthy public 
Inquiry work has now started. 

Mr Bottomley said the road 
would attract employment 
and bring a welcome boost to 
the straggling south-west tour- 
ist industry. 

He said: “Every time a road 
report says there is a seven- 
mile queue on the A30 at 
Okehampton a lot of tourist 
trade money and employment 
prospects disappear. 

“In these days of unemploy- 
ment if you want people tp 
stay in the south-west you 
have got to have road commu- 
nications that will allow 
employment and the tourist 
industry to prosper. 

“When the A30 is unproved 
the tourist season will extend 

and the road wil provide 
greater relief to villagers." 

Mr Bottomley defended the 
choice of a southern bypass 
route which cuts across Dart- 
moor. He claimed the road 
would not scar the environ- 
ment and said trees would be 
planted to hide sections of the 
dual caniagway. 

Veteran Dartmoor cam- 
paigner Lady Sayer said: “1 
think Mr Bottomley should be 
ashamed ofhimse If. He knows 
that what be has initiated is a 
disaster for the national park, 
its beautiful surroundings and 
the environment. 

“The bypass will look its 
worst in a few months time 
and everyone will see the 
damage at just about the time 
of the next election." 

Ilea office move 
could cost £ 67 m 

The cost of moving the 
Inner London Education 
Authority out of County HaD 
could range from £67 million 
to £236 million, according to a 
study commissioned by Qea 
and carried ont by the prop- 
erty consultants, Knight 
Frank & Rutley. 

The London Residuary 
Body, successor to the abol- 
ished Greater London Coun- 
cil has given Dea formal 
notice to leave County Hall by 
the end of March 1988. That 
date allows six months longer 

I envisaged when the GLC was 


The five buildings in the 
County Hall compter are for 
sale through the estate agents, 
Richard EUis. which claims to 
have had inquiries from about 
200 possible purchasers. 

The least expensive solu- 
tion. according to Knight 
Frank & Rutley, would befor 
Bea to remain in the Riverside 
building of the County Hall 
complex, which has been de- 
scribed as the most desirable 
site in London. If Ilea bought 
the Riverside bunding, it is 
suggested, the cost could be 
£55 million, but it would also 
be necessary to spend between 
£12.1 million and £172 mil- 


bon on refruinshmem, includ- 
ing the removal of asbestos. 

The only other building of 
adequa te size for Bea head- 
quarters staff of about 3,500, 
which 1ms been identified as 
likely to become available in 
the immediate future, is the 
IC1 building, a riverside head- 
quarters on Mfllbank to the 
west of Westminster. Here the 
freehold value is estimated at 
£84 million. 

Failing either of these, Bea 
would have to build on its 
own account or await the 
completion of another devel- 
opment such as that on the site 
of the old Royal Mint, to the 
east of the City. The cost there 
could be as much as £236 
million, the report says. 

Bea fa keen to remain at 
County Hall, but as a rate- 
capped authority, sufcgect to 
prescribed expenditure, has i 
no possibility of paying to j 
move more than 3,000 staff i 
needing nearly 60,000 square 
feet of office accommodation. 
The London Residuary Body 
denies responsibility for re- 
housing Dea and would need 
government consent, which 
has not yet been applied for, to 
meet the costs of rehousing the 
authority from the sale of 
GLC assets. 

fag or iMpffiwdfeg could be 
considered: to prevent the use 
of the vehicle on the road; to 
eusme *iw* vehicle owners 
come fur mud to settle out- 
standing payments relating to 
their vehicles; or as a pe%tUy 
imposed by a court for offences 
involving the use of a vehicle. 

Among the circumstances in 
which the use of impounding 
or wheel-damping m ight be 
appropriate are where drivers 
are unfit to use their vehicles, 
or they are known to have been 
disqualified from driving,, or 
where no vehide exdse licence 
is displayed. 

It says that if an impounded 
vehide turned rat to have 
defects which contravened 
construction and use regain - 
tions, “it might be thought 
right for the police to be able to 
require that such defects were 
remedied before the vehide 
was released and, where nec- 
essary, any fixed penalties 
were paid. 

“Alternatively, if tins were 
thought to be too oppressive, it 
might be possible to require 
the vehicle defects to be rec- 
tified within a fixed tone limit, 
as happens under the vehide 
defect rectification schemes in 
operation fa most police 

Where owners have shown 
themselves untru s tw orthy fa 
the nse of a vehide, by 
reckless driving, or by driving 
while disqualified, it might 
seem an appropriate penalty 
for tiie courts to order the 
impounding of the vehicle for a 
specified period, or in extreme 
cases, permanently. 

Britain is 
‘mean in 
giving aid’ 

By Sheila Gunn 

Political Staff 

Britain's aid to developing 
countries is becoming increas- 
ingly “mean, devious and 
mercenary" and did nothfag to 
help mass poverty, according 
to an group of experts. 

They condemn the Govern- 
ment's policy of placing Brit- 
ish interests first as not only 
grossly selfish and even im- 
moral, but also self-defeating. 

In its latest booklet Missed 
Opportunities, the Indepen- 
dent Group on British Aid 
says that the problems of the 
poorest two-three bfifion peo- 
ple have become worse. 

It says: “Individ nate, here 
as elsewhere, have shown deep 
concern about the' plight at 
those living fa d estitu t ion in 
other continents, above all in 
the generous response made 
the Ba d Aid, Sports Aid and 
othff appeals. 

“Against this, for the most 
part, the response which the 
governments of the richer 
countries have made has been 
mean and self-interested. 

“Hardly any has been 
meaner and more self-in- 
terested fa its response Hun 
the British G o v ernm ent." 

The group cri ti cize s the 
fashion of linking aid with 
commercial contracts for Brit- 
ish firms. 


The General Synod of the 
Church of England received the 
report Priesthood of the Or- 
dained Ministry ; not unani- 
mously accepted it as stated on 
November 11 

•wJV Tht Tloaw —mm 


^ anar t ” PM 200: 

F O-OO: w 

Wrmanv DM 3.EO; Gibraltar goo 
C refte Dr 180: Holland G 1 ,vhv irfah 
EffJfK L *-VOC KLiawm- 

‘J'HfV JJ 4S - MMMn E*e 170: Malta 

£T\ Let the amazing THORN EMI 2D 
Kmct compact fluorescent lamp be equal to 
the life of five ordinary light bulbs. 

fg] Let it consume a quarter of the 
■r electricity and let £ s equal the money 
you save, every year. 

g"C'l Let the cool, slim shape result in avast 
hwJ array of compact, attractive shade and 
fitting designs. 

tfTTj Prove that 2D equals an extremely 
nr profitable investment for a wide variety 
of applications. 


Phone Dana Thy lor on 01-363 5353 and we’ll 
send you a free cost saving calculator to work 
out how much you can save and a 2D brochure 
to select the fittings to meet vour exact 


vmwe * 

*!? H 

.f “Id b? 


■? ■ 

aa **•«*& *1 

, ' !,: »S»_ •* 



.:■?.'£. ':■?■■'■ " Wtftp 


winter as fiiel prices 
seem set to increase 


, •' Sfcy.'f 


iro A ^^ V 2 ^ < 2 ^ p,Ish P ™ 68 ’•«* *> «*«* *»■ m 
*F travd “d ticaBy tbe amauntthev spend fo 

«* «u uava apn 

dent the gradual recovery in 

rSSS 0 a™ “““ton gallons ' of jet fad 

a »JS£S fif ways ’ every year and saved £100 

iv, ^ m 9*®. ^an million in die six- months to 

-« »£J? * «5S“ September because of . the 

** “* ™ orrtt s° f lower-jet fad prices. - . 

t - n ^ fi n g n c u U J 1 ®®** i ®® 8 that • Bat already crude o3 has 

’ LZ to®, present glut in aviation eoneiintnnhnm WSdnltersa 

prices 'and to reduce dras- 
tically die amount they spend 
on fuel BA alone uses. 900 
million gallons ' of jet -fud 
every year and saved £100 
nrilh hn in die six- months to 

■■■ -TV* Vt 

: r 

aw*- 1 *' 

r*.- .'»! 

Tr • •’ 

**»*■" ' 
.'j. ■{ •-. 


-=2 ^ 

-I ** 03 • - 

^ -r- p ;.; 


this tmand al year, fears that But already crude o3 has 

g * ut . m aviation Bone up to about 14J> dollars a 
tud may be coming to an end - baud and Opec is hoping to 
leading to higher prices all to about 18 deDans a. 
round. baiteL 

Anymcrea» in fiiel prices So fer little of fokincrease 
wdl nave to be passed on to bas been passed on to the 
the paasmger, probaWy ax airlines in higher jet fuel 
about the tune BA is trying to ; prices, mainl y be came there 
convince investors to put their are huge stocks in tankers and 
money into the newly pci- refineries around the world, 
vatized airline. But a haxsh winter cbnld cat 

The c ost o f crude oal into tins Quickly as hearing oil 
slu m ped dra matica l ly earlier comes from the samerefined 
this year, reaching as low as part of the band, 
eight dollars a band. Airlines Oil indnstry ehiefe are al- 
benefited from the drop with ready convinced that the 

wt> uu^. auw.i.y in uinawa omu 

refineries around , the wodd. 
Bin a haxsh winter could eat 
mto this quickly as hearing ofi 
comes from the same refined 

* ■- 

s'i.-r- j '■ — ^yjp. 

r:y : *- ae| i jgf 

,-. 1 "** 13 hn 

' \ %t - -i =R *t- 

* r .. : wish 

■' *TOU.H, 

r ‘ ' ‘ i! ' '"I ‘i Jr«. 
'•** — s'-.^’3e-a 

" *-f iTI.-** ‘Z£ 

i,- - . •:rseKM H , 

*• • • .■ ' zri ^ 

«tr. ’ 

*-jr ur 

K f. •• . -- TTA J< 

;%. V • •-■. ‘j r *^23 
sr^r >; ■: : i-:. : %£ 

*• *■* : -mryj va? 

tr -.t-' *•'. *•■ ' 3TC S 

i"»«w *“ f 'rrsaeiri 

v* ^ 

* mean ia ( 
ins aid' 

■ - ; :fS i 

r ■ 


-. W fr»- 

* ir ' •" .,j -a! 

W- : " • " f *' , yfr-fl 

h jf-n 

;. t ;v ^ 

r ' 

l " • 5* 

# 4ft'-' !l ' 


t . T -■/., „v;:f 

:dKr ^ ^ 

W r : "' 

f : -■ ... 

cuts averting 32 per cent in 
the price of their fuel, but 
with bigger savings in. Europe 
and America ana far less in 
Africa and India. 

This enabled BA and other 
airlines to keep down ticket 

Oil industry ■ are al- 
ready convinced that the 
prices they are charging air- 
lines are too low in Fetation to 
crude prices and are anxious 
to put upthe cost of jet fuel as 
soon as possible. 

The extent to which fires 
Would rise as a result of any 

Driver challenges 
breath test delay 


The police had acted legally But, 
in “bade calculating” from a officer 
blood sample to show that a Gumb 
motorist was drank at. the drunk 
time of a fetal accident, al- and it 
though he was below the legal calculi 
limit when tested more than had bi 
four hours later, Birmingham at the 
Crown Court was told yes- He 
terday. _ . allows 

Mr Stephen GnmWey, aged nn< br 
35, of Brixton, southwest 
London, is appealing on a anwm 
point of law- against his ■ 
conviction for drink driving at “JJ 
Birmingham Magistrates’ ™“ 
Court in June after a road 
accident in the dty in which g\u 
his brother, Gordon, was 
killed. ... ■ b B* a 

It was the first case of its He 
irinrf in Britain. Mr Gumbfey medic 
had denied the charge but was detent 

found guilty and banned from doubt 

driving for a year, fined £350 over l 
and mnered to pay £900 costs, was d 
Yesterday his counsel said 

there was confusion about the PnBM | 
law which would create iur- 
ther problems unless- the legal ^ t 
position was darified. mnoU] 

The court jsai told, that Mr btoa& 
Gumbo’s crf fc^ied in. 49 . <Jriyih 

underpass in Bi rm i ngh a m the sp 

But, Mr Smith said, police 
officers, did -not bdieve Mr 
GumWey’s daim to have 
drunk only one pint of lager 
and it was decided to “back 
calculate” how much alcohol 
had been present in his body 
at the tune of the accident 

He said the police were 
allowed -to take such actum 
under the provisions of the 
Road Traffic Act 1972, as 
amended in 1981. 

It had -been that 

the amount of alcohol in Mr 
Gnmbky’s blood at the rime 
of the fatal accident was 
between 101 ahd 162 mil- 

He said: “The nricfaalleitted 
medical , evidence therefore 
d/twmfnr« that without a 
doubt he would have been 
over riie limit at the. time he 
was driving." 

Mr Smith -said die 1981 
Road Traffic Act had been so 
drafted to make it dear that 
the detenmribrien of . the 
mKunt.. Cf n. .ttei 

Mood depended on the rimje of : 

Yfriviht ratfifcr tharn foe rime 

VAiUUW ny-" "- ^r 7 J jg, - 

year, after be had had* mgri 
out drinking with th two . 
brotheis- ' . 

His brother, Gordon, died : 
instantly. Mr Gumbley com- 
plained of feeling unwdl ala 
police station near by and, 
after vomiting, was taken to 
hospital for treatment. 

Mr Roger Smith, for West 
Midlands police, said four 
hours and 20 minutes elapsed 

before Mr Gumbley could 
rive a Wood sample m 

The test showed that foe 
specimen of Wood contained 
59 milligrams af alcohol per 
100 millilitres of Wood- 
below foe legal Hunt of 80 

Mt .Doarimc Roberts, for 
MrGuqiblcy, said the justices, 
vfoo had oomdeted ram had 
“aredm tew^. 
ff Paritamesii had intended 

that the prosecution should be 
able to %ack calcntatc”, then | 
it would have speeded it. 

Mr Roberts said tfaere^had 
not been one legal deoaon 
before which supported foe 
proposition that the prosecu- 
tion could take such action to 
secure a conviction. 

“There is no cmnmcaL law 
or statutory provision for iL It 
is an area which is g oby to 
ranse proWems in the future. 
Clarity is needed.” 

. Judge Ross, QC defined 
judge m e n t until today. . 

increase would depend en- 
tirely? on the new price being 
demanded. Ftngas arc bring 
tightly - crossed, especia ll y 
wrorin BA, that the winter is 
m3d and no big increase is 
fiafocommg. ' 

It was the drop in frwl prices 

that contributed largely to foe 
comparatively healthy. 
£141 million half yearly profit 
figures announced, by foe com- 
pany yesterday. Although 
t he se are down on the 
corresponding period for 
1985, they could have been fir 
worse. Terrorism and 
Chernobyl cost BA at least 
£150 minion in lost revenue 
and only the drop in fori 
prices enabled the company to 
keep the overall dedhie xn 
arrfinr. operating SUTphlS to 
£52 million. Had foe fuel 
prices not fallen they would 
either have to announce 
fir worse results or to increase 

their fires. 

But the threat of another ofl 
ixrice rise around the corner 
underlines the. volatile nature 
of the airlin e business. ‘ - 

driver not 

The driver of the coach 
involved in an accident in 
-which 13 people died in a 
motorway pile-up was cleared 
yesterday of causing death by 
reckless driving. 

But a jmy at Preston Crown 
Grain decided John Bonny- 
man was guilty of ca r el e s s 
driving. He was fined £200 

and banned for three years. 

Mr William Waldron, QC, 
for the prosecution, had al- 
leged that Bonnyman, aged 
63; drove at lull speed into tire 
bade of vehidcs on tire M 6 
near Preston “totally oblivi- 
ous to foe traffic ahead”. 

The coach driver, who had 
worked for the same company 
for almost 40 years, declined 
to give evidence or call wit- 
nesses for his defence during 
yesterday’s hearing. * 

He told police when inter- 
viewed 10 . days after foe 
catastrophe which also left 42 
j people injured, foal he could 
give no explanation and could 
remember little about the 
accident involving, foe Lon- 

don-to-Edmbtngh coach. ' 
Bonnyriian, of M3Bar Place, 
Edinburg was awarded costs 
oftbe case because most of the 

expense was for: foe reckless 
driving charge. 

The jury of six men and six I 
women took three and a half 
horns to reach its verdict on 
Bonnyman, who had pleaded 
not guilty to four spedmm 
charges of causing death by 
reckless driving. ' 

The cardess driving verdict 

was by majority of 10 - 2 . 

Mr Justice MacPherson had 
been told that Bonnyman bad 
losttris public service vehicle 
licence after the accidentln his 
dosing speech to the jury, Mr 
Ronald Livesey, QC, for 
Bonnyman, said foe primary 
cause of foe crash. was tire 
manner in which the road- 
1 works were coned so as to 
canse dan ger, - 


*V-»» 'V 

— ^old — 

Prize win 
for wife’s 

A Crril Servant and a retired 
computer software distributor 
share yesterday’s Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000. 

Mr Gomer Davies, aged 72, 

from St John’s Wood, north- 
west London, has played tire 
Portfolio Gold game since it 

“X am very thrilled to have 
won. The money is a godsend," 

he said. . 

When asked how he in- 
tended spending his winnings, 

Mr Davies said:. “It wifi befor 

the benefit of my dear wife. 
Her seventy-fourth birthday is 
coming np and I would like to 
make her happy.” 

Mr Peter Woods, aged 41, 
from Chiswick in west Load- 
on, has played the Portfolio 
Gold game regularly since it 

“I just could not believe my 
hick. I checked the numbers 
’three times before I was sure,” 

Mr Woods said the prize 
money will be spent on his two 
daughters. *TU also buy some 

British Gas shares and what is 
left over wlQ go towards next 

Readers who wish to play 
foe game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

An anoent Celtic shield 
discovered in a Surrey gravel 

pH has been put on dMiy at 

foe British Museum m 

The shield, described as 
“unique and priceless” is 
mmsnal in being made euti eiy 
of branre, the first to be fond 

anywhere in Celtic Europe. 

It probably belonged to a 
priest and was nsed on ceremo- 
nial Mthtir than warlike occa- 
sions, according to Dr Ian 

By Kenneth Gosling 

^ • g»"> ■* «*»«»>• 

Priceless shield is Nurse managers 
put on display in lost jobs row 

By Kenneth Gosling By J® Sherman 

An anaent Celtic shield It was nemwi Jf Some nurse managers are ing xnnees^ ^uthBu-- 
di^vered in a Surrey gravel Christinas at Abbey ^ Meafa losing their jobs because they mmgham Halfo . Aufoon^; 
nit has been ou display at Cbertsey, by Mr Douglas ^ refusing to impriement cuts \riio says that foe has been 

S ^SriStoSri« 

Iramdini. drag-fine. He realized its Isa- College of Nursing official salary of £17^00, boaxise foe 

Use stedi, described as pirtance and took it to the Hahns. authority cannot find a job for 

4*m«aae and priceless”, is museum. The introduction of general her. 

Dr Stea d sa id : “It was badly manag ement in foe National “Mrs Saddington is 
rfbw«tt».tiieSsttoliefbaBd crumpled, but we had it sorted Health Service has led to recognised as one of tire best 
anywhere in Celtic Europe. out withm a week. It is a very several management posts be- community nurses m foe 
ft nraiaSte jjetoaaed to a exciting find.” fog lost, and those who have country,” Mr Anderson said. 1 

oriestandw^nsedoBcerenio- Now known as foe C ^ y spoten out louxlest against Her job, as director of 

■ialretha- warlike ecca- Shield, it is a siiple exampte cuts in services face a high risk community nursing, has dis- 

sious. according to Dr Ian of a tyjreased farSO® yearscr 0 f redundancy, Mr David appeared because her mut has 
denote keeper in the more. Another shield with the Andexson, RCN officer for Been merged into a larger one. 

_ 1 11 1 . • j . — ^ P ull! , ghanp Cm) n:.— ravl _ . n -L 

It was imeovered last 
fhrfcfanraB at Abbey Meads, 
Cbertsey, by Mr Douglas 
Blake, a workman operating a 
drag-line. He realized its im- 
portance and took it to the 


Dr Stead said: “It wns badly 
crumpled, bat we had it sorted 
oat within a week. It is a very 
exciting find.” 

Now known as tire Cbertsey 
Shield, it is a simple example 

of a type ased far 500 years or 

ISS, to S 

Air disaster ‘used for 
£300.000 blackmail’ 

The AirJndia catastroime m 
whids 347 people <fied when a 
jumbo jet exploded over the 
Atlantic in June last year was 

yg^^lilprjrmailapitffli iiren t 

member of a religious organ- 
ization in west Lond on, a 
court was told yesterday- 
The victim, who (anno 

was told to pay ^ 0000 ^ 
men who churned, be was 

behind foe carnage, Mr Regi- 
nald Balt, for tire prosecution, 
told Isleworfo Crown Court- 
Referrisg to tire yiclim » 
“Mr Abrahams”, Mr* && 
that John Ckyvetand. also 
known as Plribp Tenyo, 

containing a letter demanding 

£300,000- ' ■ ■ 

It said: “If you do exactly as 
we direct, then we shall spare 
your lives and if yon do not, 

then we shall have to kill you 

and your fimily and blow up 
yoorplax of worship. • - 

: “We are foe guys yon hired 
to blow np the Air India 747 
last June and you are sup- 
pored to have paid- ns foe 
remaining balance of 
£300,000.” • . 

“Mr Abrahams” acting on 

rjolice instructions, arranged a. 

meeting in a West End cm- 

Imtfeman sent 
to Hampton 

Banl Esbfo, aged 22, a deaf 
and dumb student from Bel- 
fast, was sent to Rampton 
fogh-security hospital yes- 
terday after admitting the 

manslaughter of Mathew 
Lewis, of Reading, Berkshire. 

Kjliuu or . 

quarter of a tnfllkm po™® 
from foe secretary of a holy 
organization, by foreatenfog 
to kill that secretary , ms 

family and others and to wow 

up their holy shrine . . 

“Mr AbrahamS” ■■ 

phoned and 

land and then cm Manfo 19 be 

be living inBdsize Park, nonn 
London, was arrestedas ne 
boarded a bus on leaving the 
ememia but insisted he was 
being paid just £500 to collect 

aWefrase by sotnejn^. 
He denies charges to wa«- 
mail and conspiracy to Madc- 

mafl. - 

The trial continues. 

an interpreter after having the 
charges explained, to him in 
sig n lang ua g e at Exeter Grown 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smifo or- 
dered that he should be kept 
indefinitely and restricted 
.under the Mental Health AcL 

Mr Paul Otadd, for foe 
prosecution, said Espse mid 
Lewis hadan argument over a 
video recor din g befog shown 
at the Royal National Institute 
for the Deaf home-in Court 
Grange, near Newton Abbot. 

Shortly afterwards Lewis 
was found dying in a pool of 
blood on the landing of the 
home, after being knifed eight 
times, including three wounds 
to his heart 

Il ian— wa a ^ 

Houmno-British Antiqmties at i 
the museum. - 1 

•As in ‘foe case of. many i 
ceremonial objects of that i 
period — it dates back to 1 
55BC — it was probably thr- 
own Into foe Thames as part of ; 
a ritaal, perhaps when its 
ow ner died. 


m 6 left 

stranded 9 

By a Staff Reporter 

Mentally ill and mentally 
handicapped people _ are 
becoming stranded in private 
residential care with no access 
to social work support, the 
Association of County Coun- 
cillors says (Jill Sherman ■ 

The association says that 
because people are often 
moved from one institution to 
another they can end u p Jin a 
private home, miles from 
. where they were orijpnally 
living, with no local authority 
taking responsibility to ensure 
that they get adequate care. 

That ran create difficulties 
in determining who should 
meet “topping up payments", 
the difference between the 
charge levied by the private 
; home and the maximum paid 
i in board and lodging benefits 
by the Department of Health 
. and Social Security. 
l The. association has issued 
^ draft gtridefines to its mem- 
bers putting the finandal 
; responsibility squarely on the 
1 shoulders of the local 
1 authority whore the individual 
1 was first put into care. 

[ The guidelines should en- 
sure that the placing authority 
j keeps track of each individual 
r fo care even when they move 
. to services outride the area, 
V Mr Tony de Sautoy, raider 
5 secretary of the asso c iation, 

fo foe river W»sai h 
Lincolnshire in font 1826 
and also hi tire museum, bfcd 
«n foe woodwork faced with 
bronze. _ ••• 

Dr Stead also holds a Critic 
sword, disc o vered at Abbey 
Meads, bnt mu c h elder — 
about L000BC. 


South Birmingham, said. 

Mr Stuart Dickens, South 

— D MT Oiuail i/iuuau, 

He claimed that about 10 Birmingham district general 
top nurse managers within the manager, said yesterday that 
West Midlands health auth- Saddington, aged 59, had 
ority have lost their posts n ot been made redundant and 
because they have opposed foe authority intended to efis- 
cutsin patient services. enss a number of options with 

He is representing Mis Nora her, inducting early re- 
[ Saddington, director of nnrs- tirement 

Mr Peter Woods could not 
believe h is lack 

New Legion 
victim found 

Health experts in 
Gloucestershire have discov- 
ered a tenth victim of the 
present outbreak of 
Legionnaires’ disease, who 
has now recovered. 

His case was confirmed 
after examination of family 
doctors' records as part of an 
inquiry to find a common 
source for the outbreak ■ 
which one man has died. 




Letter to 

RylanStofth Co 

- Bradford City disaster 

ib ‘was mis 

aBlElira, *J!£ smnedil referred to the space 

briweem foe seals and foe 

The we-dninMDO* gtarf .was mwafa. was-gpeete* . n ^ and foe bard 

foriCftyfootbaflfofofoa^® flaabrards which was swept thought 


Coart judge was tow J 68 " 
terday. . 

Mr Jack Totdoff sridj^ 

foe potential fire taaaj J*- 
wauld have P^cdjw « 
nmnedfate smoiaig ban to be . 
n nlemegfed In fo* ***** 
twentieth cantor 
graudsfand at Valfar Pafode. 
MrTmdBffaaidfoat afctto: 

from WesOTodahh* Cneniy 

■ le^lSSe l^fo^t to 

dated contents about impro^rente 
. gat a seamd tettsf, totoj iaassai y at Valley Parade 
July 18, sent*om ^ would apply only if Bradford 

con£) whkb was a fao foe m promoted from tire third 
local fire diTisiouaiid aeededtobbfama 

SSwTf m; . - 

a serkms Maze if a “If foe tetter had speofi- 
cigarette Ml into caUy . required^ immediate 
fhStmnfifr in foe »id attention at wouM hare been 
a wale. ' mu atteafann. 1st 

ra 84EWSS SrS3K.>a 

Yorkshire Coanty Cornual,” 

He added^I had never 
freaid foe word A vmd’. I 
thought it was referring to 

The dab nce-chamnan was 
raving evidence on the sixth 
day of a test case brought by 
Mrs Susan Fletcher and her 
son, -Martin* aged 13, m i an 
atteust to ■ prove nabnny 
■rauAst Bradford Cfity Football 
Oafothe Health and Safety 
Executive and West Yoriuhfre 
County Council, for foe foe in 
May last year when 56 people 
dfed, including Mrs Fletcher’s 

. i, a* hand, son, hrother-in4aw 
and hb father. 

. The hearim continues 

Congratulations to Marples International 
for topping out South Quay Plaza in 10 months. 

(for the uninitiated, the roof is on!) 

To find out more about developments in 
London Docklands, call (01-) 515 6000 and ask for 
the Development Showcase. 

\ London Docklands. The/Growing City. 

»sg HBHV » ZB.SS 


November 17 1986 



H i tf 

/ | I •« 

1 * I £ l 

Baker refuses Minister 
to be drawn p q^ s 

on teachers’ rulings 

pay talks 

Mr James Pawsey (Rugby and 
EDUCATION Kenilworth, C) asked bow 
optimistic Mr Baker now was 

s? icaisseass 

Lducauon and Science, to parents whose children might 
° n 9 t “ .drawn on his again be sent home from school 

response to the deal on teachers’ as a result of ibe dispute. 

reached <» Mr Baber: Some progress has 

Saturday between fbm of the ^ been made but there are major 
wacmng unions and their local points of concern, first on the 

authority employee. 

cost and particularly over the 

,Progress had been made , but shape ofthe pay structure- There 
tn«e was still concern over the is a considerable gulf between 

cost and also the shape of the 
pay structure, he said. 

He was responding to a 

my proposals and those in 
Saturday’s draft text. 

Mr Clement Freud (North East 

private notice question in the Cambridgeshire, L): Having 
Commons from Mr GOes been so keen to move in to make 

Radice, chief Opposition conditions, and bearing in mind 
spokesman on education, on that the employers have gone a 

whom he urged patience in long way towards finding a 
awaiting ministerial consid- solution to his case , it iD 

nation of the draft agreement, becomes hbtn now to be less 
Some important details re- than rtmgnawinwn s. Wifi he 

mained to be finalized and be bear in muid that the parents of 
bad just beard that the Acas this country will think it is be 

negotiations would be resuming who is being unreasonable? 

on Wednesday morning. 

Mr Baker: He, too, must await 

Mr Baker stud: Early on Sat- the outcome of these negotia- 
urday morning four of the dons and I would hope he would 

unions reached agreement on 
teachers’ pay and conditions 
with the employers' leaders. 
Two of the unions rejected it. 
We are considering the current 
draft text of the agreement 
against the criteria 1 have al- 
ready outlined to the House 
and. in due time, I will inform 
the House of the Government’s 

Mr Radice: Is not the real reason 
for his short and totally inad- 
equate response that neither be 
nor the Prime Minister nor the 
Cabinet as a whole expected the 
talks to succeed? 

Only last Thursday be was 

also be concerned fin* the type of 
pay structure which is emerging 
because these negotiations are 

not just about a pay deal for this 
year or next but for the rest of 

year or next but for the rest of 
this century. It is very important 
to gel a pay structure which wifi 
reward the good classroom 
teacher and provide real in- 
centives for the young, able and 
energetic teacher. 

Mr Kenneth Eastham (Man- 
chester, Blackley. Lab): How do 
his proposals differ from those 
submitted by the management? 
Mr Baker I have just replied to 
that. Teachers who have worked 
hard for promotion as good 

The swiftness with which the 
Government and the City had 
reacted to the allegations of 
insider dealing on the Stock 
Exchange demonstrated their 
determination to deal with such 
offences and the success of seat 
regulation. Mr Michael Hew- 
! am, Under-Secrrlary ofState for 
Trade and Industry, said in the 
House of Commons when 
answering a private notice 

He said that on November 14 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
had made a commencement 1 
order bringing into force on ! 
November IS those sections of 
the Financial Services Act relat- 
ing to powers to investigate 
insider dealing offences and the 
disclosure of restricted in- 

Mr Robin Cook, for the Opposi- 
tion, who had raised the issue, 
congratulated the Government 
on bringing in powers which 
only two weeks earlier it bad 
been saying could not be in- 
troduced until next year. Would 
the Government look min the 
early implementation ofthe rest 
of the Ain? 

The abuse had occurred only 
two weeks after the structure 
had been set up, be said, and it 
would be intolerable if the 
Securities and Investments 
Board did not start to enforce 
the rules for another year. 

Over the past year a hundred 
takeover bids had been pro- 

o f Welsh 

1* li- 

.I V* . 

* >' ,ifHM 

!»* - x 




‘is ample’ 


ceded by average rises in share 
prices of 66 per cent as insiders 
cashed in on their knowledge. 
Of SO cases refined to the C«y 
since 1981, only six had resulted 
in prosecutions. Why was fiend 
in the City not prosecuted with 
the same vigour as fraud in the 

The whole tale of seedy 
speculation, broken rules and 
tax avoidance through the Cay- 
man Islands, came in the same 
week as it had been confirmed 
that manufacturing investment 
had fallen by 6 per cent on the 
preceding year. 

Mr Howard said the remainder 
of the Act would be brought into 
force as soon as it was prac- 
ticable. It was not practicable to 
bring in all its provisions 

Mr Tune*? Smith (Beacons- 
field, Q said that the difference 
between the present case and all 
previous ones was that Moigan 
Grenfell had dealt with, it with- 
out hesitation. That showed that 
self-regulation was effective. 

Mr Howard said that if it had 
been suggested two weeks eartier 
that a major finance house . 
would have asked for the i 
resignation of one of its most ■ 
senior employees for a breach of ! 
internal rules, it would have i 
been g reet e d with scepticism, 
not least by the Opposmoo. 

Mr Robert Sheldon (Ashton- 
under-Lyne, Lab) said it had 
been the crudeness of the 
method of the share purchase 
which had brought the offence 
to light. That would not be the 

deriding the talks as a fiasco. He classroom teachers got only a 
should have the grace to very limited recognition for 

congratulate the local authority 
representatives, especially Mr 
John Fea rman, and also the 
teachers’ leaders for their drive, 
determination and common 
sense which has led to this far- 
reaching, comprehensive 

Will he tell his cabinet col- 
leagues that the agreement for 
the first time provides basic pay 
for classroom Teachers while 
maintaining an adequate pro- 
motion ladder? 

Also for the first time, it sets 
out teachers’ duties, creates a 
system of teachers' appraisal, 
draws up a plan for reducing 
class sizes and creates bargain- 
ing machinery which links pay 
and conditions. 

Would he also remind his 
colleagues that an agreement 
backed by unions representing 
two thirds of teachers is far more 
likely to stick than a settlement 
that is imposed from above? 

For the sake of a slightly 
different pay structure and a 
relatively small extra cost — 
barely £50 million over the 
next 18 months in central 
Government contribution — is 
it worth risking all the problems 
and potential disruption which 
could result from imposing a 

The Government should put 
peace in the classroom and the 
children first and back this 

Mr Baker: He must be aware 
that this agreement is not com- 
plete. A full agreement does not 
at this stage exist. It is a draft 
text and some important details 
remain to be finalized, for 
example on the duties of heads 
and deputy heads. 

I understand a further draft 
will emerge during this week 
and 1 must ask Mr Radice to be 
patient as be knows I am a 

their efforts. The proposals in 
the draft text create little in- 
centive fora career in teaching . 

What other profession has a 
career structure where the re- 
wards above the bask scale are 
as low as 5 per cent and 14 per 

Mr Reginald Prentice (Dav- 
entry, C) said that the careful 
and thorough consideration Mr 
Baker was giving the latest 
proposals was in marked con- 
trast to the hostile kneqerk 
reaction of the union leaders to 
bis own proposals. 

Mr Baker agreed. Within five 
minutes of his own earlier 
proposals being announced, the 
NUT and Mr Peatman had said 
they would ignore them. Nego- 
tiations were going to resume 
and it would be quite wrong for 
him to react quickly to what was 
still only a draft texL 
Mr Goy Barnett (Greenwich, 
Lab) said that the unions and 
the employers had worked pa- 
tiently and lard to get as far as 
they could towards a full agree- 
ment and Mr Baker now had a 
unique opportunity to co-op- 
erate with the employers and the 
unions in order to settle the 

Mr Baker said he was sure all 
MPs would not wish to see a 
return to disruption in schools 
but the only bodies which 
imposed disruption were the 
teachers’ unions. 

Mr David Made! (South West 
Bedfordshire, Q asked for 
confirmation that a settlement 
must indude salary anange- 

There was ample scope for 
better public services within the 
public spending provision made 
by the Government if local 
authorities improved efficiency, 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secretary 
of State for the Environment, 
said in the Commons during the 
resumed debate on the Queen's 

Local government was now a 
big spender. This year it ac- 
counted for £38 billion, or over 
25 per cent of ail public spend- 
ing. It employed 2ft million 
people, or about one in ten of 
the workforce. 



¥ ~i ~‘ T W I ] 1 - yU| 




“The scale of spending and 
the politicization of its attitudes 
have made it a subject which 
comes loo often before this 
House for consideration.** 

The Government had made a 
total increase in public spending 
provision next year of £4.7 bil- 
lion. Within that total, pro- 
vision for local government 
spending has increased by 
£4.4 billion. Provision had been 
made for an extra £2.9 billion 
for current expenditure alone 
and an extra £1 billion was 
being provided in aggrepte 
exchequer grant. 

“It is both a realistic pro- 
vision. and a generous pro- 

The settlement assumption 
for most authorities was for an 
increase in current spending of 
5.25 per cent against an infla- 
tion expectation of 3.75 per 
cent Incredibly, the Govern- 
ment had been told that this was 
not enough. 

“But in our view it is more 
than enough. It should be 
perfectly possible for local 
authorities to restrain their 

Mr Howard said that as vastly 
more information became avail-- 

more information became avail- 
able it would become easier to 

...... ...... vr’jjvt 



. ■■■ • Sj|ij S-; 

: TJ 

i.'wi 1 yftf . ■ >. >tv 

^ CJ 



identify particular patterns of spending to the level of infla- 
dealmgs and movements in tion, or even below. If they do 

share prices which would be a 
useful suiting point in 

Mr Dale CampbeB-Savoura 
(Workington, Lab) asked what 
confidence the minister had in 
Chinese Walls (the barrier to the 
sharing of information between 

meats that stopped the drift of different departments of the 
specialist teachers into industry same finance bouse). The only 

and attracted people from in- 
dustry into the teaching pro- 

Mr Baker agreed. The structure 
of rewards and incentives was 
absolutely central to the present 

reason the matter had surfaced 
was because two companies had 
lost money and threatened to 
report it 

Mr Howard said that Chinese 

patient man myself. I heard only discussions. It was dear that his 
just before I came into the own proposals provided a better 

Walls had nothing to do with the 
circumstances of the particular 

chamber today that the Acas 
negotiations are starting again at 
10.30am this Wednesday. 

opportunity and a better career 
structure for young and able 

circumstances of the particular 
case, which was an allegation 
that an employee had used 
information for his private 

this they would gain more 

Some authorities finding 
difficulty with the rate-suport 
grant settlement were planning 
huge spending rises of between 
7 per cent and 10 per cenL 

“It is local authorities who are 
going in for the spending spree, 
not the Government.*’ 

Any sane government had to 
recognize that the spending 
plans of local authorities had a 
significant impact on the econ- 
omy. The real choice was be- 
tween even greater constraints 
on spending by local authorities 
or getting a system where there 
was accountability to those who 
had to pay. 

TT -T l » ! rfff* ’ " 

The seasonally adjusted figure 
for the number of people oat of 
work in Wales had fallen in six 
of the past seven months, Mr 
Nicholas Edwards, Secretary of 
State Ah' Wales, said during . 
Welsh questions in the Com- ' 
HMDS. _ _ 

the GovCTnmeirthad led to a fail 
of 8,600 in the seasonally ad- 
justed figures for Wales since 
last year. There had been a rise 
of 100 in May. 

The seasonally adjusted num- 
ber of unemployed claimants in 
Wales had risen to 169,000 last 
month since October 1979, an 
in cre ase of 147.4 per cent. 

He was replying to Mrs Ann 
Clwyd (Cyncm Valley, Lab), , 
who said that one in three 
famili es in Wales were living 
bdow the poverty line. Three ! 
hundred thousand people were - 
living on supplementary benefit. ' 

Earlier, he said the unadjusted 
number of unemployed people . 
in Wales was 174,105. Un- 
adjusted figures for 1979 were 
not available on a co m p ara b le . 

Dr John Marek (Wrexham, 
Lab) said many of the new jobs 
created in Wales were low paid. 
Those jobs were welcome, but 
they were generally regarded as - 
slave-labour and were no sub- . 
stitute for well paid head-of- 
household jobs. 

Mr Edwards said he did not 
believe that those employed 
would regard the jobs as slave 
labour. The suggestion was 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaeneu 
Gwent, Lab) said the unemploy- 
ment in some areas made a 
mockery of any suggestion that 
there had been six years of 
growth. Why were some of those 
areas not going to have restored 
to them some of the cuts on 
regional aid whicb had contrib- 
uted to the numbers un- 

Mr Edwards said they had 
contributed to the nil in . 

Mr Barry Jones, chief Op- 
position spokesman on Wales, - 
said that 174.000 jobless Welsh 
people were coding Britain 
£21 million a week. There were 
45,000 on special programmes 
and die new test questions 
would matsagp downwards the 
unemployment figures by an- 

Mr Edwards said there were 
49,400 on special measures 
which indicated the Gov- 
ernment’s concern and effective 

Sir Raymond Gower (Vale of 
Glamorgan, Q said the Govern- - 
ment was entitled to have some , 
modest optimism from the in- 
crease in the number of notified 

Mr Edwards said the number 
had increased by 4,600 on the ' 
corresponding month last year. 
That was another indication of 
the improved situation. 

. iM 1 1 f 1 


Aids battle 
decision by 

1 7 


MPs fight 

The Alliance’s choice 

on Cyprus 

‘Nice guy’ gets general election job 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Jail protest link 
to site is denied 

The Government campaign 
against Acquired immmy- De- 
ficiency Syndrome (Aids) would 
be directed specifically at those 
people who were most vulner- 
able, Mr Mat Robinson, 
Under-Secretary of Slate for 
Wales, said during Welsh ques- 
tions in the Commons. 

He was replying to Mr Gareth 
Warden (Gower, Lab), who 
asked why the Government had 
dallied and dithered over a very 
difficult problem. The debate in 
the country had centred on 
looking fix- scapegoats. 

Arson attacks 

An all-party group of 50 
MPs and peers yesterday chal- 
lenged the Government’s pol- 
icy of recognizing the Greek 
Cypriots as the government of 
the whole of Cypirus. 

Their call coincided with 
the arrival in London of Mr 
Rauf Denktas, President of 
the self-styled Turkish Repub- 
lic of Northern Cyprus, who 
will this afternoon be arguing 
the Turkish case for inter- 
national recognition before 
the Commons Foreign Affairs 

The parliamentary Friends 
of Turkish Cyprus group, 
chaired by the former Conser- 
vative defence minister Mr 
Keith Speed, argues that the 
1974 Turkish invasion of 
Cyprus was legitimate. 

In a pamphlet issued yes- 
terday, it accused the Govern- 
ment of undermining United 
Nations efforts to achieve a 
settlement in Cyprus and of 
breaching British obligations 
under the I960 Treaty of 

Guarantee by failure to deal 
with Greek and Turkish Cyp- 
riots on an equal fooling. 

“Greek Cypriots occupy the 
Cyprus chair at the United 
Nations, at Commonwealth 
meetings, and at meetings of 
all the major international 
organizations; they receive al- 
most all the foreign aid and 
investment in Cyprus, they 
enjoy full economic relations 
with the world, and their 
economy prospers. They have 
no incentive to reach a 


Mr David Abbott an 
advertising man with a dis- 
trust of slogans, was yesterday 
appointed publicity consultant 
to the Alliance for the run-op 
to the general election. 

Mr Abbott, aged 48, is 
chairman iff Abbott, Mead and 
Vickers, the West End agency 
with billings iff £75 milKnn to 
£80 million a year, which wait 
public last year. 

Reputedly the “nice gay” iff 
his rapacious industry and a 
brilliant copy-writer, he will 
have a hand in every aspect of 
tire coalition’s attempt to per- 
suade the pifalic that h has the 
answers to the nation's Sis. He 
wiD stamp his mark on every- 
thing from party publications 
and television broadcasts to 
poster campaigns. 

An Alliance supporter, not a 
member, be will work with a 
team of like-stinded people at 
his company, which is receiv- 
ing an undisclosed sum from 
party coffers for its help. 

His present clients indnde 
household names such as J 
Sausbury, British Caledo- 
nian, Smiths Crisps, and the 
Unify Telegraph. 

More pertinently, gives the 
Alliance's colour supplement 
pedigree, be caa also number 
Volvo among his customers. 

Bat, in the trade, he is 
probably best known for the 
part he played in the claret 
drinkers’ first foray into the 
political arena five years ago 
when lie introduced the idea of 
paying membership fees by 

Yesterday, as be fi ts an ad- 
riser to a party that takes 

punchline. Good food costs 
less at Sarnsbury’s, was the 
creation of its chairman. Sir 
John Sains bury, and nothing 
to do with Abbott, Mead and 


Mr Abbott said he had beat 
approached by Affiance lead- 
ers partly on the basis iff 
persona! recommendation 

“They too fad it is not going 
to be a question of ‘slo- 
ganeering'. My job is to pot 
across what is already there, 
not invent new things." 

Looking forward to the com- 
ing dash of the agencies, also 
known as the general election 
be said: “Obviously, there will 
be a writer of publicity from 
tike other two parties: they 
have got their troops in pos- 
ition already. The co m ra mrira - 
fioiis messages will becoming 
thick and fast. It's my job we 

Mr Abbott: General elections are not a matter of slogans, 
politics seriously, he was at politician and the “ads should 

pains to play down the 
razzamatazz that has long 
engulfed Tory campa^fag 
and Is now gift-wrapping 

“I don’t think advertising is 
a matter of slogans", he said. 
“It's much more to do with the 
getting tbe strengths of a 
company or service right and 
finding the right tone of voice 
to pat them across." 

The Alliance, he said, was 
about a different kind of 
politics and a different kind of 

reflect this”. 

So slogans are ont and tone 
of voice is in. Like the BCal 
television advertisement, 
which took tbe Beachboys 
classic California Girls and 
deveriy translated it into 
Ca le do ni an Girls. 

The airline's catchphrase — 
We never forget you have a 
choice — was not he added, 
his work. It was dreamt op by 
another agency, a certain 
Saaichi and Saatcbi, before It 
tost the account 

The supermarket chain's 

we are going to get outspeut 

“We’ve got to be pro- 
fessional, i magin a ti ve and dif- 
ferent. We must make £1 do 
the work of £2." 

Mr Abbott, who lives with 
his wife and fora* children in 
South Kensi ng to n, London, 
readily conceded that his new 
efiente had beea “hurt" by tbe 

drfww il iw pyfnMwHi 

But they were on tire way 
ba c k, be said, pr efe r ring to 
point to by-election ratings of . 
around 30 per cent rather thaa 
national polls which put them 
at ander 20 percent. 

Among his first tasks wifl be 
to tackle the thorny questions \ 
of logos and colour schemes. 
The Lib erals are wedded to 
their orangp cotosrs, fire SDP 
to hs patriotic red, white and 
hhte. He predicted no radical 

Mr Malcolm Rifkiad, Secretary 
iff State for Scotland, denied 
that the geographical location of 
Peterhead could be seen to be in 
any way relevant to “recent 
difficulties*' when he was ad- 
vised by Mr Donald Dewar, 
chief Opposition spokesman on 
Scottish affairs, to reconsider 
the proposal to build a new 
prison at Peterhead. 

In a statement on the recent 
holding of a prison officer as a 
-hostage and other disturbances 
at Peterhead. Mr Rifldnd said- 
that the incidents had involved 
relatively few inmates. 

He deplored the actions of a 
minority who had been res- 
ponsible. They had come at a 
time when the Government was 
seeking to provide mare mod- 
ern facilities in Scottish prisons. 

The Chief Inspector of Pris- 
ons had been charged with 
investigating the nature, extent 
and validity of general griev- 
ances indicated by prisoners at 

The report would be pub- 
lished. Any complaints of crim- 
inal conduct were for tbe police 
and procurator fiscal to investi- 
gate and complaints implying 
criminal conduct by prison sum 
could be made by inmuKt 

Mr Dewar said that no one 
would question the impartiality 
of the chief inspector, but it was 
important _ that the inquiry 
should inspire confidence inside 
and outside the prison system. 

“Is the chief inspector's remit 
wide enough to deal with the 
causes of tensions which un- 
doubtedly exist today and 
would it not be better to appoint 
an independent person or 
committee rather than a senior 
Civil Servant who could be seen 
as compromised by bis po- 

He asked Mr Rifkiod to 
consider the impact on tire 
prison system of tire changes 

introduced about two years ago 
in the parole system, retrospec- 
tively in some cases, whicb had 
resulted in some who were 
serving more than five years 
being excluded from the parole 
system, except in exceptional 

Asking the Secretary of Stale 
to return to the drawing-board 
on tire parole system. He said 
that tire changes had been 
introduced by fiat and had not 
been property discussed. Fe- 
terhead was an unpopular site, 
difficult of access by auniliea. 
Mr Rffldsd said ttoi tire Chief 
Inspector was completely in- 
dependent of tire Scottish pris- 
ons department and would 
report direct to the Secretary of 

The reasons for the change in 
tire parole system had been 
concern about horrific murder, 
violence, and drug t rafficking 
Mr Albert McQnirie (Banff 
and Buchan, C), in whose 
constituency the prison is situ- 
ated, asked for an assurance that 
the new budding there would be 
started, as planned, in March 
next year. 

Mr Rifldnd: I hope that recent 
events will not affect long-term 
plans for Peterhead. At present I 
have no reason to believe that 
they win. 

Mr Robert Madcnum (Caith- 
ness and Sutherland, SDP): The 
crucial consideration wc are 
having to face in Scotland is that 
there is a pattern of violence in 
the prisons unde r the present 
Administration (Conservative 

“Responsibility for these mat- 
ters lies with Mr Rifldnd and the 
public in Scotland is increas- 

Recent arson attacks on holiday 
homes in Wales were con- 
demned without reservation by 

Mr Mark Robinson, Under- 
secretary of State for Wales, 
welcoming tire cond emnati on, 
said that total public expen- 
diture on boosing in Wales in 
1985-86 was £206.6 million. 

More for Open 

The Open University is to 
receive an additional £4.8 mil- 
lion in grant over the fi natural . 
years 1987-88 to 1989-90, Mr 
Ke n net h Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education amd Science, 
announced in a Commons writ- - 
ten reply. 

He said that tire university - 
already planned to admit an ; ; 
extra 1300 students to its 
undergraduate programme in 
1987 and would now be able to 
offer places to a further 2,000 in 
1988, raising tire annual intake 1 
from 22JXX) to 24,00a 

“This win mean that an extra 
6,000 students will be offered a.. 

place between 1988 and 1990. -- 
Two thirds of tire additional 
students wfll take mathematics, 
science and technology 

About £1300,000 of tire 
money win be used go give 1 - 
farther amnnrt w mnUmnaiif^ 
physics and te chnol ogy teaching 
in schools, including de- ' ’ 
velopmeni of in-service training - 
packages for physics teachers, 
and other activities. V 

tngly anxious that the penal 
policies of this Government are 
leading to intolerable stress and 
danger having to be by 

prison officers,” 

Mr R i fki a d: Mr Maclennan is 
subtly exaggerating. 

Parliament today ~ 

GBnaiofts (2J0): Continuation.-* 
of debate on the Queen's Speech -v* 

Leads (230k f^rantinpatifyi of- 

debate on the Queen’s Speech " 
(home affairs and die ea--- 

. rs-rf-sL , r *iv j r 

■a j 1 ** “ 

*• . . , t ^ \ ■ i r 

\S* ■ is; { .> 1 * 

i* — 

IJ <T- 

aiA-AMifcx- ii. 

- - . ; • ' .- " ’" " "’Wnll.'S ;'; 

^ U Mv 




J *" , '/ 

... • :.r- . A,-;: 

V ,. '.£•. ■•* 

?*... • ■ , *4-7 , *s 

’" -Vi .., ,[ ’’ '7 . . <4;' 

^ * „ .. _ ' V*. 

••' : ■•: V'^ ^. 

V.. V‘* 

a*-_' ..• . • ..;- " 

, ■• -- -.- . *t» 

;> ' ^>Si 

V * .-.../ *!•- 
*4 ; i - ; , - 'rjJ „■ *n' 


"*"* . . ■•-■ip ; 

■ •■....** .t' 

• :- lrr * 

-s ,.' ''LV 

. :: 

... S5: 

. . . . * 
* •■ * 


• ‘ r- 

. 1 j ■ ... 

- . 

..u ■- y . .*-*£ 

. . z ^ 


«.;»» -t*' 1 

; 1 ~ * 



Independent report on disturbances warns of more conflict ahead 

Prison staff 

accused of 
riots in jails 

Rv Pptw VbAno a. A ** - ’ . 

Attempt to settle 
warship wrangle 

By SheDa Gann, Political Staff 

The Government is making be published subject to sec- 
a fresh attempt to settle the urity and commercial consid- 

Some prison officers incited, 
inmates to take part in 
Britain’s worst prison riots, 
according to the first indepen- 
dent report on them yes- 

The “extremely grave" 
accusation in a report of the 

tfcally burnt down during the 
dist urbances, said: “On the 
night of die riot there were 
only four screws on . duty 
because of the overtime han_ 
We wouldn’t have known that 
but one of the screws Who was 
on that night told my mate 

bitter dispute over the fixture eradons. 
design of naval warships by Evidence wffl be taken m 
ordering a new “impartial" secret from all foosequajified 
inquiry. to speak on the subject. Its 

Mr Hugh MacLeod, chair- report is not expected until the 
man ofuoy<fs Register of second half of next year- 

flivuMuuu m a repon oi me OB that night UMd my rnxtr 
Prison Reform Trust “about There’s only four of ns on 
foe role of certain prison tonight so you can cause a Wt 
officers has been made "by of havoc in the camp’. 

five of six prisoners spoken to. 
Dr Stephen Shaw, its director, 
said yesterday. 

Disturbances, including ri- 
ots and fires, broke out on 
April 30 after a decision by 
prison officers to impose sanc- 
tions in their dispute about 
manning levels.' 

•The Prison Officers’ Associ- 
ation yesterday said the 
accusation in the report was 
“disgraceM” and “one which 
we strongly refute". 

The report has been sent to 
Sir James Hennessy, Grief 
Inspector of Prisons, who is 
investigating the riots for Mr 
Douglas Hurd, Home Sec- 

One prisoner at Northeye 
Prison, near BexhiD-on-Sea, 
East Sussex, which was prac- 

of havoc in the camp’. 

“He came back andtold the . .. 

rest of us. Obviously the 1 

screws thought h would help -K' 

their caiise if there was some 

trouble with not enough of Northeye open prison outside Bexhffl-on-Sea, in East Sussex, after the riots last AprOm which it was almost destroyed, and 
them on duty" the library (below), one of many areas of foe jail to suffer substantial damage. 


Wymott Prison, Lancashire, keeping with the impartial 
which was also seriously dam- standards that had come to be 
aged, wrote: “Nothing led up expected from the. trust 

short, fet frigates compared Lloyd's technical expertize on 
with the traditional long, thin ship design the new inquiry 
ships. will result in a thorough and 

The controversy about the impartial appraisal of the two 
squat $90 design has rumbled types ofhull under a chairman 
on for 10 years, causing con- who is acceptable to all par- 
flirt between naval architects, ties. 

Ministry of Defence officials Admiral Lord Hm-Norton, 
and shipbuilders. a former First Sea Lord mid 

The ministry has been ac- Chief of Defence Stan, beaded 
of being prejudiced an unofficial inquiry which 
agamst the much cheaper but reported to the Prime Minister 

radical short, fet hulls. in May. , 

The unseemly wrangling Its report, Hull Form jor 
iamft to a head this dimm er Warships, came out mfevour 
when the original chairman of of the radical short, fet 590 

lx.' a pwiiavwlv rritiri7prf ihf! 

an “independent” inquiry, and severely cntiazea me 
Professor John Caldwell, Pres- Ministry of Defences han- 
ident of the Royal Institute of dhng of ship design. . 
Naval Architects, was forced Advocates of the S90 design 

• F • l. 1 "^ 

’ 'r ~ , 

* 1 ' • -v:. ^ . 

;. ■ 

■ "—---it 

. . 'A" 

■ \ -.'*** 
• snr 

• w.j •• V. 

. *> i.,f ■. rrxi'Si 

v ® ' ' " 

^ i. >r*~ 

; - T-i sa 

• V x- 

ir-rr.- ■ rxv 

f; * 

1. affl jk A- 1 i 

■v-.-,-.- •. r. 2 tv- 

■■ -V4-.- *-••-** 

; ■ 

■**. •. 4 a in- ^ 1\2X 


: •. • - ■ v -- 3! 

• - 

i Aidsbatt.f 
/dc: isioa'r 

Steven Shaw: %nree 

Another prisoner, at 
Wymott Prison, Lancashire, 
which was also seriously dam- 
aged, wrote: “Nothing led up 
to the riots at Wymott, but the 
prison officers did provoke 
the cons into a riot. They said 
things like ‘Do a good job 
tonight lads’ and ‘Dons proud 
lads’. They knew what was 
going on and what was about 
to happen that night." ■ 

The Prison Officers' Associ- 
ation said yesterday the ac- 
counts were by anonymous 
prisoners whose names were 
withheld because they took an 
active part in the disturbances 
and admitted to doing so.. 

It was inconceivable that 
officers would encourage such 
behaviour and thus place tbeir 
own lives and those of their, 
colleagues and families, who 
live adjacent to the prisons, at 

Gose scrutiny of the anony- 
mous accounts showed stark 
inconsistencies in the 
prisoners’ accounts. The de- 
cision by the Prison Reform 
Trust to publish the anony- 
mous accounts was not in 

The report adm its there are 
some significant differences in 
the interpretation of events as 
well as examples of personal 

Bui it says: “In feet it is 
really rather surprising how 
many similarities there are 
between the accounts, given 
the widely differing back- 
grounds and attitudes of these 
prisoners and the feet that 
they do not know one 

Dr Shaw says there was no 
single cause of the distur- 
bances, however. “In part they 
occurred because the Home 
Office’s industrial relations 
tactics relied upon brink- 
manship, upon calling the 
prison officers’ bluff 
. Shamefully, a few rogue 
prison officers took up that 
challenge and condoned and 
incited the series of riots. 

to step down amid claims that 
he was biased. 

That was followed by a 
letter in The Times against the 
short, fet design signed by 
“Nicholas Warier. Captain 
Guy Liardel, director of pub- 
lic relations for the Royal 
Navy, later admitted he was 
the author. 

He argued that he had been 
writing in “an entirely per- 
sonal capacity”. 

Lori Trefgame, Minister of 
Stale for Defence Procure- 
ment, announcing the sew 
j inquiry, said its report should 

argue that it wD) be possible to 
build four ships for the price 
of three of the traditional 
Duke class frigates. 

Captain John Moore, editor 
of Jane's Fighting Ships, has 
urged the ministry to “take a 
deep breath" and order one 
£32 milli on frigate of the new 

Contributions to the new 
inquiry should he sent to the 
Chief Skips Surveyor, Uoyets 
Register of Shipping. 71 
Fenchurch Street, London 

Letters, page 15. 

Home Office and the Prison 
Officers' Association over the 
introduction of new pay 
scales, there is every reason to 
be fearful of a repetition of the 
destruction and violence we 

juvum uk ouiw wi iivu. — — — 

“Unrest continues in our witnessed earlier this year, 
prisons and with the p ro s pect The trust says the picture of 

before the riots is disturbing. 
At Northeye, prisoners say 
that muggings and fights over 
tobacco and drugs were 

Prison officers are ac cused 
of allowing prisoners extra 
privileges just before the over- 

raisons ana mm ure praspaa K umui 

of a further dash between the life m some of the^ prisons time ban when all privileges 

were suddenly withdrawn. 

At Wymott, mmaf<»K accuse 
prison officers of taking and 
hiding tools from prison work- 
shops as a means of incite- 

The Riots of "86 (Prison Reform 
Trust, 59 Caledonian Road. 
London N1 9BU. £1.95 + 50p 

Campaign Coroner to 
to limit seek links 
law claims in deaths 

By Frances Gibb A coroner yesterday ui 

Legal Affairs Correspondent expectedly amounted an u 

quest to give police tune t 
A concerted campaign by all inquire into any links betwee 
the professions to bring in two deaths in Bristol, Avon. 

*™ ssrsa ? 

k! inquest into the death of N 

punished by groups repres - zgpA 26, < 

entmg barristers and arcfait- Forest w&thamstm 

“^A w hem no*, east London, who was four 

dead in his car with a tovMO] 

ESS! for b t£? f ^ t ^d^Se bed round his neck and tl 
paign for the i Bar and me other end round a tree. 
Association of Consultant ~v , . ... 

Architects. Mr Hawkins said he want 

The two bodies -ginger to investigate any Jtnk l 
groups within their respective tween the death of Mr Sha 
professions - urge their gov- and that of * w 

ermng bodies to help launch a atysL Mr Vimal Djnibh 
united campaign after the agid 24, who plunged from i 
Government’s recent rejec- Clifton aispemaon bndge 
tion of any limitation on the August. They both worked 
professions’ liability in neg- the same aunpaoy and had 
Jigence daims. reason to be m Bristol 

But they say that any (b ... , 

mand for a change in the law j ylflU fh^ rgPfl 
to give jnofessions statutory _ i 

protection must be accompa- 3J[0r 1 y n]0^ 
nied by protections for the . - 

amsomcr , A nan appeared befc 

Th<* mmer written bv Mr Lmcota nragistrates yesterd 

Anthony Speaight, a barrister jSe^hiL ^ 31x111011116 “ 
and member of Campaign for ag«i eight 
the Bar, outlines a package of Stuart Smith, aged 38, 
propos a l s - cleaner, of Cromwell Ro3 

It says there must be a Peterborough, Cambndg 
statutory limitation on liabfl- shire, was remanded m cii 
ity, which might vary between tody for seven days. He w 
the professions. arrested the day after Cnm 

It may be £250,000 for watcA UK the BBC teteviSH 

architects, engineers, and program™ 1 -’ hnl 

surveyors (whose insurance information abou 1 foe b°l 
premiums are particulariy disappearance last August. 

Film maker wins 

A film producer won more was prepared to accept the 
than S5 million (about £33 settlement 
million) In foe. High Court.. Mr fen Hauler, QC, for 
yesterday after aO^ations that Bell, said ihal it . was a matter 
he was involved in are jHegal of ngtict that it was not 
“kickback" deal • with Lord possiWe to crane to court with 
Grade were dropped. am agreed 'statemeiiL He 

Mr Marlin Sttuger, ■' ate added thafwhen Mr Holmes h 
American-born film mate. Court took over ATV he was 
aged 54, is being paid the cadi concerned that agreements 
by the Bdl Group, owned by. signed by Lord Grade withMr 
Iff- T* « UaLmm A pAnff CtwWM* Ml 1077 

union poll 
under way 

By Michael McCarthy 

Hie second contest this year 
between the right ndihe for 
left, for the leadership of 
Britain's biggest Crril Service 
wfo" 1 ) Ac Chil and Friific 
Sendees Association, got 
■nder way yesterday. 

Votmg began in the new 
ejection for the CPSA general 
secretary, catted after allega- 
tions of hnwriarities ■ the 

first poll, which was narrowly 
. won fey Mr John Macreadie, n 
supporter of Mflitaat Tmk 

Sizewell decision 
early next year 

By Rkhaid Evans, Pofitkal Correspondent 

The Government will an- years and hampered future 
mnee early next year plans for electricity gen- 

Mr Robert Hohnes 4 Court, Starger m 1977 were.“exces- dectien for the CTSA general 
the Australian bosinessznan. ave^ generous to him". secretary , called afte r aiteg*- 

The company is also paying • Various things were said to tians of 
the estimated $1 million costs htm by Mr Staler and Lord first p®n,iroi»wMi^wiy 
of the action. . - Grade “winch led him to woahy M r Johnhtowdie^ 

Mr Holmra a Court had beheve there was an improper HE l M r Mi«2S£SLtS 
accused Mr Starger and U*rd arrangement between them dency. Mr Maa^*fflebartB* 
Grade, the former ATV chair- for the sharing of profits", Mr iEwSSUS 

man, of signing an “over- Hunter said. But the standard by 20^124 votes to 

generons sweetheart deal” for of proof required in corat was 21M03 m Joe. 
his work on films including ahravy one and it was in their The mnon's. natfonal exeo- 

On Golden PontL Sophie's fiest interests to withdraw the ative . called in the E lectora l 

man, of signing . an over- 
generous sweetheart deal” for 
his work on films including 
On Golden Pond: Sophie’s 
Choice , and the Muppet mov- 
i» He claimed ttat he discov- m0 ney. 
ered, after Bdl tot* over ATV outside court Lord Grade, 
in 1982, that half the proms W ) K} rafting to give 
claimed by Mr 'Stamr were in the case, said: “I 

going into Lorn Grades ^ worries. This 

Pft., „ nr was the first time in 60 years 

Mr Sidney Kentndge, QU integrity had been qnes- 
Mr Start’s counsel, told Mr tiooed> \ am pleased Mr 
Justice Leonard that the “sen- ^ won his justifiable 

.lUtlume nffrailH” were 


agnations and pay a sum of Reform Society, to scrutinize 
money. the ballot after allegations of 

rfiwutA. — araracr wuu upjM« 

ous allegations of fraud were _,jdits. 

withdrawn, and a ^o^d- always believed if 

eraWe sum, considoraWe even vou teD foe troth there 

by foe standanfeof the film can ever be 

industry" was being paid m y 

seillemeht of the action. w ™“r_ _ amiiKt 

He said that although foe “I tear no 
defendants were not wilting to Nfr Hohnes i Oonit 

add “a full and frank ex- whether I would do branws 
pression of regret”, Mr Staiger with him is a nother matter. 

at sea 
on drugs 

Customs and excise are 
“going on foe offensive" in 
t befr battle against seaborne 
drug smugglers, with a new 
headquarters and three im- 
proved patrol boats to watch 
the British coastline. 

The former HMS Vernon 

naval base at Portsmouth has . . lieutenant jan 
taken over from London as ^ ^31 -rfBas- 
foe new headquarters forthe ^Lislsiie, who 

customs and excise marine ggKSS nhAt 

branch - which last y«a *£*£*?> 
seirod more than 90 percent {Vutral American jaagfep 
offoetcwl £107 milfion drugs ^ foe 

haul in Britain. rmrtsicndatwi for Valuable 

The new headquarters a& (Kenneth 

direct the countrywide actrv- ^SL-nBesk 
ities of the department sseven pilot, he 

fest patrol boats- . . last 

electoral malpractice. _ The 
society fwiMl no firm evidence 
of baUot-xiggmg J»ut report* 
foat 21 of the mrien's branches 
had been denied an opportu- 
nity to vote. The union sub- 
sequently . decided to hold 
another poD. 

r The ndes have been chan- 
ged and aDthe radon’s 145,000 

nounce early, next year 
whether tbeCentral Electnrity 
Generating Board_ can. » 
ahead with, the Sizeweu B 
nuclear 'power station in 

After more than a year’s 
delay, foe public inquiry re- 
port by SfrrrankLayfield into 
the appl ic atitMi - to build 
Britain's first pressurized 
water reactor is due to reach 
Mr Peter Walker, Secretary of 
Stale for Energy, in the last 
week of November or first 
week of December. 

Although foe report runs 
’into thousands of pages with 
more foan 100 chapters, Mr 
Walker has made it dear he 
does not intend to sit on its 
findings, and hopes to tell 
Parliament of Ms decision 
immediately after the Christ- 
mas recess. 

The Labour Party has al- 
ready said it would caned 
Sizewell B even if construc- 
tion had started and there had 
been suggestions that the Gov- 
ernment might delay making 
-an announcement until after 
next yearis expected general 

members wiD receive ballot election in order to avoid 
papers at tlwhr place of work, political controversy. 

lafoe last efectfoa they bad to 
a ttend meetings in order to 
collect foes. 

But Mr Wallker is anxious to 
end the uncertainty which has 
surrounded the . future of 

The resritt is likely to be I Britain’s nuclear power in- 

dedared next month. 

dnstry 'for more than four 

Airborne radan 2 

plans for electricity gen- 

He believes an ann ounce ^- 
ment inustbe made as swiftly 
as possible so that key de- 
cisions on electricity produ- 
ction can be taken, including 
replacing out-dated coal fired 
power stations. 

After the Chernobyl diaster 
public doubts about nuclear 
power increased, but the latest 

market research by the 
Department of Energy has 
confirmed that confidence in 
the industry’s safety record is 
being restored. 

If as widely expected, Mr 
Walker gives permission for 
ihe £1,500 million Sizewell 
power station, the CEGB will 
be able to start work within 
weeks. It has already ordered 
key parts of the FWR system 
and is anxious to make a rapid 
start, especially as the delay is 
co sting h £500,000 a month. 

The CEGB wants to build a 
“snail family” of FWR star 
tions after Sizewell including 
one at Hinldey in Somerset. 

The Sizewell inquiry, which 
ran from January 1983 to 
March 1985, beard evidence 
from 200 witnesses on 340 
days, but the CEGB is hopeful 
that future applications to 
build FWR plants will not 
involve such lengthy procee- 

cut from 
Joyce will 

The Junes Joyce Mascara 
in DaUin is to be cut oat of the 
anthor’s grandson’s wilL 
Mr Stephen Joyce said from 

his hone in Paris that he and 
bis wife bad cancelled all 

inuse n u i because of a dispute 
over his grandfather's death 
mask. No other Irish institn- 
tion wonld receive any beqnesL 

Hie memorabilia indnde t 
drawing of the author, a ring, 
the manuscript of a poem, a 
necklace he gave to his wife* 
and two letters to foe author 
from Ms father. 

Mr Joyce said the dispute 
over the controversial sale of 
the death mask was resolved 
when it was eventually re- 
turned to the Joyce Maseran 
at Sandycove, Dublin. There 
was “a tacit agreement” 
among all concerned to mam- 
tain silence except for a brief 
statement admowledgiiig sett- 
lement of the controversy. 

But recently Mr Robert 
Nkhebon, foe museum cu- 
rator, had aired his views in 
foe James Joyce quarterly - 
“instead of letting sleeping 
dogs lie". 

Mr Joyce said that to 
c at egorize foe death mask as 
something for sale was “dis- 
respectf l to Joyce himsetf”. 
fn wMitiiin, he and the James 
Joyce estate were against 
commercial exploitation of Ms 

«n m ‘ 

A coroner yesterday un- 
expectedly adjourned an in- 
quest to give police time to 
inquire into any links between 
two draths in Bristol, Avon. 

Mr Donald Hawkins, the 
Avon coroner, stopped an 
inq nest into the death of Mr 
Arshad Sharif^ aged 26, of 
Forest Road, Walthamstow, 
east London, who was found 
dead in his car with a tow-rope 
tied round his neck and the 
other end round a tree. 

Mr Hawkins said he wanted 

to investigate any link be- 
tween the death of Mr Sharif 
and that of a computer an- 
alyst, Mr Vimal Dajibhai, 
aged. 24, who plunged from foe 
Clifton suspension bridge in 
August. They both worked for 
the same company and had no 
reason to be in Bristol. 

A man appeared before 
Lincoln magistrates yesterday 
charged with abducting a boy 
aged eight 

Stuart Smith, aged 38, a 
cleaner, of Cromwell Road, 
Peterborough, Cambridge- 
shire, was remanded in cus- 
tody for seven days. He was 
arrested foe day after Crime- 
watch UK the BBC television 
programme, appealed for 
information about foe boy’s 
disap pearance last August. 

Boeing optimistic of deal 

am aw* premiums are particularly 

high), and £500,000 for law- tw -i. 

ibert y«s, accountants, and doct, DllVe agElIlSt 

^^Such levels would be quite SeXltfll peStS 

ffiSISLXSf- Embarrassing jokes and un- 

“instead of letting sleeping S?- fo^na^ sayT^^ welcome comment? on dress 
do® lie" crazen, me papa says. m being included among 

Mr Joyce said that to Very complaint by 

categorize the death mask as claims otceed £50(^000, and Derbyshire County Council, 
something for sale was “to- The Labour-controlled 

respectfal to Joyre hnrneir. council is sending its 36,000 

hi addition, he and the Janies 0081 " “ employees a leaflet outlining 

Joyce estate were against ordinary ___ procedures for taking action 

commercial exploitation of Ms Thc paper says foata ^ - against sexual harassment 
grandfather’s name and writ- ber of one of foe protected 
tea - os in the sale by the professions would commit a . 

dubsctb of Bloom’s Lemm crimin^ofibnee if be offered JVforblC DUllCd 

his professional services with- ., , , 

Mr NichMson was not avail- out insmnee cover up to the for Cathedral 

S* TRasnirance Marble has been mined at 

Mr George Yolinger, Sec- 
retary of Slate for Defence, 
will clamber inride a N imrod 
airborne early warning aircraft 
at the British Aerospace com- 
plex ax Woodford in Cheshire 
today and fly over the Pen- 
nines and out over the North 
Sea for a first-hand demon- 

How does the GEC selects its new 
Nimrod compare with ofmrborne early earning 
Boeing's E-3 Awacs? Be- aircraft? In hts second 
tides their capabilities article Peter vm&nport, 
what other considerations D^eece Corresponaent, 
are involved when Britain assesses the arguments. 

Mr Nicholson was not avail- 
able for comment 
The controversy first broke 
out after the death mask - one 
of two formed after Joyce died 
in 1941 was sold in JMy last 
year for £16^00 pounds to Mr 
Tony Ryan, an Irish 

cot all Insh institutions out of 
Ms will unless the sale was 

prescribed sum. 

It adds: “Such reassurance 
to the public must be an 
essential feature of any, 
successful scheme". 

There would be a Pro- 
fessions Insurance Bureau, 
modelled on the Motor 
Insurers’ Bureau, that would 
meet all daims in respect of 
uninsured or un traced pro- 
fessional men. 

. an the Isle of Puibeck in Dorset 
any, for the first time in genera- 
tions, to help with repairs to 
Pro- Lincoln GafoedraL 
reau. The stone was needed to 
[otor repair window surrounds at 
ould the cathedral Lengthy nego- 
ct of liations took {dace before 
pro- permission was given fen* the 
stone to be removed. 

Commendation for VafoaMe 
Service hi the AJr (Ke® ? e *h 

cm board. 

On November 6; he took a 
test flight in foe rival Boeing 

E-3 Awacs aircraft to see what £.3 “is favoured by safeguarding of 50,000 United 

it could do. Mr Younger, a many senior RAF officers but . Kingdom jobs and an offset 
former Argyll and Sutherland . one problem that is bound to commitment of 130 per cent 
Highlander,- will no doubt be government consid- of foe value of foe contract 

impressed by foe scientific K ^ fact foat it wQl GEC responded sharply 

wizardry behind both aircraft at three years from with allegations of gross exag- 

His department has decided of ordering for ihe first geration and accusing Boeing 

needed to bring the 11 avail- 
able Nimrods iro to nm 
specification — Boeing 
claimed last week that through 
the . 30-year life of the pro- 
gramme Awacs would work 
out one third cheaper. 

executives of Boeing and their 
British associates disclosed 
details of their bid at a press 
conference just around the 
comer from the ministry in 
Whitehall they said success 
would mean the creation or 
safeguarding of 50,000 United 

wiuw/v ' _ 

An RAF hcltoipterpae#,^ His department has decided ordering for the first 

head of the w s ^ b 8 i^LS^LiS that both hay foe potentiMto delivered. 

“The An P^ t * he,lfcew SSS!iSJ meet ^ Boeing is understood to have 

anne .bran™, sarffi - M move an -JantrynwH cardinal reounemeuts of the « t#mnm9rv loan 

Cheetahs in office, no 
problem say secretaries. 

manne branen; sani . *** 
move will increase efficiency 
and' enable us to respond, 
much fester. 

“It’s not good enough any 
more- being on the defensive, 
we’ve now got to go on the 
offensive." - 

to move an nnamrynwu 

enshedhyafeffi** 1 ^ 
FforW lieutenant Jamnrek 

titabrt titoching 

afreraft rotors. 

cardinal requirements of the 
RAF so other considerations 
are likely to weigh heavily in 
the decision he takes to the 

In Boeing's favour is the 

Boeing is understood to nave 
su gg ested a temporary loan 
scheme to the ministry. 

‘ GEC however says it can 
have foe first three Nimrods 
to the RAF by next autumn. 

The feet foat both com- 

r ‘ ’ 

-* 1 ' > v"' r«i 

< l;V. 

. i- % ..V .• 

francais if 

.-and the g® 

science museum |i 

french 11 

high-TECH = 

T H E Cl T Y; 

•S ,C .1 E . N C E 
• & 

1 N. D U S T R Y 
(La Viflette) 

1 V 2 5 November 


exhibition HoOfl 8"t 

111 -DUliui^a ill a low. _ 

feet that the E-3 has a proven . panics recognize that factors 
track record in operational other than foe quality and 
conditions. -The first entered performance of their eqrnp- 
service with the USAF in me nt wiD form part of foe 
March 1977 and since them foe final equation is obvious from 
fleet of 52 aircraft in use \sy the foeir arguments. 

Americans, Nato and Saudi. 
Arabia has logged more than 
200,000 operational flight 

Although it will be more 
; expensive mitiaUy, than foe 

Both have emphasized foe 
effects on jobs and Britain's 
airborne early wanting tech- 
nology industry of foe de- 
cision and. foe claims and 
counterclaims, have led to 

I efcyv** 31 ““““j- : — , ■ . 

GEC bid — it is estimated that .some heated exchanges, 
a further £500 million will be Last week, when 

GEC responded sharply 
with allegations of gross exag- 
geration anti accusing Boeing 
of using figures that were 
midfading . Without doubt 
GEC has most to lose from 

But there is growing con- 
fidence within the Boeing 
camp. When it was only one of 
seven bidders this year, before 
foe ministry narrowed foe 
field to a two-horse race^ some 
executives had a feeling it may 
have been included simply to 
put pressure on GEC 

Mr Jerry King, vice-presi- 
dent of Boeing Aerospace, was 
last week asked how he rated 
his company’s chances. He 
said: “Fifty fifty, at best". 

The next few weeks will 
show just how shrewd a 
gambling man he is. 


impression that the cheetah 
is a particularly un cuddly 
animal, there are well over 
45,000 office workers who’d 
beg to disagree. 

Thais foe number of British 
Telecom's Cheetah Telex ma- 
chines in use in Britain. 

However, when ii came to 
designing foe latest model we 
could still see room to im- 
prove our best seller.' Hence 
the launch of the brand new 
Cheetah Plus. 

The True Experts 

And wbo'better to test it put 
than foe true experts — the 
secretaries who'll be using it 
dayin, dayout. Were glad to 

say they've given it the thumbs- 
up. What did they go for 


For a start, there was foe 
large VDU screen and editing 
facilities that make it so much 
easier to produce wotd-periect 

Then there was the Autocall 
fadlity-This enables the oper- 
ator to leave the machine to 
despatch messages, and keep 
trying even if the number's 

The Cheetah proved to hove 
an impressive memory, calling 
up 100 or more often-used 
numbers at the press of two 


And it proved extremely 
docile, sitting quietly and 
comfortably on an office desk 
(or its own special standi, 
receiving messages without 
disturbing foe preparation of 
outgoing ones. So there you 
have it. Cheetahs really are 

For further information 
amply call us free of charge 
on 0801) 400 466 or write 
to British Telecom Telex. 
Freepost. B53333. Bristol 

Get on in business. Get on 
foe Telex. 

" British 





You’re probably doing it right now. 

Y>ure surrounded by our products 
but you’re completely ignoring them. 

Look out of the window Its prob- 
ably one of ours. 

We make more than 20% of all the 
high quality flat glass in the world. 

If you’re reading this on the train, 
chances are you’ve been watching the 
world go by through some of our 
safety glass. 

If youre in a car, youre probably 
in one of over 7000,000 that are fitted 
with our glass each year. 

If you are short sighted, you prob- 
ably don’t need to look further than the 
end of your nose, which is just as well 
because without our contact lenses and 
glasses you couldn’t. 

We supply more than 20% of the 

world’s plastic ophthalmic lenses and we 
make ophthalmic glass too, so no-one 
can accuse us of being short-sighted. 

We also make more insulation 
products than everyone else in Britain 
put together. 

In feet, were the most innovative 
glass company in the world. 

Pilkington makes more different 
types of glass than anyone else. 

And we make money from it too. 

This year our turnover will be 
around £2 billion and 75% will come 
from our operations in 30-plus countries 
outside the United Kingdom. 

You might be able to overlook our 
products, butyou can’t ignore oursuccess. 



The worlds leading glass company. 







7 i . 

•» V 




.*t i s 

* * ‘T. • 

.4 « •- 

a- r 

i % 

f ' "»'*'? ' * X 
V« ' ■ 

■ - . '"i* "% 

,* * * 




Harare ±. 

by axe murders 

ttag ggaj a sisiiafc 
t^asLar - sas’iitssoias 

area of western 

™*« who hcMtd the 

“rather ® e * cribed fo* murders as 
’k-.iHilL-Z? J “?“?» of those Denote who do not want 



Jakarta - Michael Bjp- 
■**> the last Australian 
journalist based in bdo- 

Namibia. PC ° P ’ smst ®* ®W fa BMctwmi or 
SrftSfEiSjJ' “"Si®™ Jadnow £W tte dbtrict in 



Lisbon — More than SO . 
Spanish and Portngaese 
fishin g boats blocked the 
month of. the Gwadiana 
River on the Greatkr tha t 
divides Spain and Portugal 
on the sMtkto coast 
(Martha de la Gil writes). 

The Mockade was in- 
stigated by Spanish fishes 
■ten to pot pressure on 
their Government to crae 
to an iptoMt with Por- 
tugal on BaMgg rights is 
territorial waters after it 
postponed the negotiations 
since March. 

extension to his work per- 
mit and will have to leave 
the country. 

Mr Byrnes was the only 

accredited Australian corr- 
espondent based in Indo- 
nesia m April of this year 
when an Australian news- 
paper article compared the 
business activities of Ptesi- 
dent Snharte’s famfly with 
those of the forma- Phil- 
ippines President, Mr Fer- 
dinand Marcos. 

Carrington warning 

Policies being advocated by opposition parties in s 

allied countries would pnt Nate mider strata if they came to 
power. Lord Carrington, the Nato Secretary-General, said in 
Istanbul yesterday (Onr Hnrefeu Staff writes). 

“We have always been determined to ensure flat no one 
should be tempted to believe flat they could gain political 
advantage by starting, or threatenmg to start; a conventional 
war," he told alliance MPs. 

Security problems of any one ooontry were tte crocern of 
the affiance as a whole, regardless of the aontt of toe 


Paris - This year’s Gow~ 
coart Prize, France's most 
important literary accol- 
ade, has been awarded to a 
littie-known outsider, Mi- * 
cbd Hast (left), for Us 
[mnei^Vakt defeat 

Ske Britain's Booker . 
Prize; toe Goncourt brings 
with , ft net great mnaefary 
reward, merely a symbolic 
58 francs 

M Host, aged 44; h a 
corre s pondence cone tea- 
cher of Spanish. =. 

Karachi cancels visit 

Karadii — Britain’s “shop wfedow” aircraft carrier, HMS 
Dfastrion, was yesterday obfiged to abandon a sales and 
goodwill visit to Karachi after the Pakistani Government 
said ft “would not beco n v eni ent”. 

The Foreign Office was tnU that aril disturbances in Ka- 
rachi led to fears that foe visit conld be provocative. 

The 2fl,flQ0-tomie Mnsfrionswastohave arrived tomorrow 
on a four-day riot accompanied by HMB Beaver, a Type 22 
frigate. Pakhtoni naval and air oflUab were to hare been 
shown British Sea Harriers, Sea King belicopftere and other 

Bfestri®» set off last spring on “Global *86", a voyage of 
joint exBches with alfies and a sales tear. She tuned back 
after only one day because of a gearbox ft*- hot later re- 

Palasten^nheady owns a former British County dass 
destroyer (HMS London, now renamed Babur). 

West Berlin terr or trial 

Judges hear of 

in smuggling 
bomb to city 

Pfc« John England, Berlin 

A bomb that destroyed a. 
German- Arab centre in West 
Berlin was brought from Syria 
to the Syrian Embassy in East 
Beriin, the West Berlin High 
Court beard . yesterday. 

The court was also tokl that 
the man who masterminded 
the bomb aback was Nezar 
Hindawi, who was sentenced 
test month to 45 years’ jail for 
attempringto Wow up an El A1 

arrtiner. . 

The statements came at the 
opening of the trial of Ahmed 
Hasi, aged 35, one of Hin- 
dawPs mothers; and Faruk 
Sstemefa, aged. 39. The two 
Jordanians are charged with 
attempted murder by bomb- 
ing the German- Arab Soci- 
ety’s centre on March 29, 
injuring nine people. 

Mr Hasi is also suspected of 
involvement in a bomb attack 
on the La BeBe disco in West 
Beriin on April 6, which killed 
three people and injured 230 
others, although that bombing 
is not asutgect of this triaL 

Reading statements made 
by Mr Hasi to the police and 
an examining magist rate 
his arrest-on April IS, Herr 
Hans-Joacbim Heinza, the 
presiding judge, said Mr Hasi 
had admitted placing the 
bomb at the society. 

Mr Hasi had claimed that 
Hindawi had persuaded him 
to make the attack after the 
two brothers visited the soci- 
ety and spoke to its Arab 
oigaziizexs. Hindawi had de- 
cided that , the society should 
be taught a lesson because it 
did not support his grouping. 

Mr Hast told the police that 
the bomb used in the attack 
was brought from Syria in 
February this year by a man 
named Abu Ahmed, or 
Haytham Saed, who deposited 
it at the Syrian Embassy in 
East Beriin. ' 

Mr Hasi said Hindawi told 
him to make contact with Abu 
Ahmed at the embassy, using 
the codename “FahdL" 

He then went to East Beriin 

and he and Abu Ahmed, a 
driver and an unknown other 
roan picked up the bomb and 
took it by car to East Berlin’s 
Ostbahmof railway station. 
He deposited de bomb in the 
station’s left-luggage room, 
then returned to west Beriin. 

MrSalameh told police that 
he later collected the bomb 
from Mr Hasi and another 
man after it bad been snug- 
gled out of East Berlin. 

The court heard that Mr 
Hasi and Mf Salameb made 
two unsuccessful attempts to 
explode the bomb at the soc- 
iety before Hindawi sent a 
Syrian expert to show them 
bow to make it work. 

At one point, Mr Hasi 
treated the court to an emo- 
tional torrent of Arabic and 
broken German, claiming that 
he bad been subjected to 
torture during his ax months 
in remand custody. 

He complained of solitary 
confinement, noises coming 
through his cell walls to 
confuse and drugs in his 
food. And he stated; “l am not 

Dismissing the torture 
daim, the judge told the court 
that he had personally in- 
spected Mr Hasi’s cell and 
found no noises. He had also 
let Mr Hasi mix with other 
prisoners and allowed him 
weekly visits from his wife. 

The case continues. 

West German police sharpshooters keeping watch at the Moabit courthouse yesterday. 


Ahmed Hash an emotional 
comt outburst in Arabic. 

European Commission 

fails to solve lamb war 

1 1 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

US ends Iran arm supplies 
in bid to stop Shultz row 

The White House an- 
nounced yesterday that the 
United States was no longer 
sending arms to Iran and had 
no plans to resume shipments. 

The statement by Mr Larry 
Spcakes, the spokesman, was 
designed to dispel the im- 
pression of continuing open 
disagreement between Mr 
Georg: Shultz, the Secretary 
of Scale, and President Reagan 
over the issue. This followed 
mounting speculation here 
that Mr Shultz might be an 
early casualty of the disarray 
in the Administration over 
how to repair its damaged 

In an extraordinary ad- 
mission on Sunday, Mr Shultz 
said he was unable to speak for 
the Administration in his 
cafiing for a bait to arms 
shipments to Iran. 

He made little effort to 

Erma Michael Binyoa, Washington 

necessarily those of the ingion to go along with i its own 
Administration for which he 

An attempt to solve die 
Anglo-French lamb war, re- 
garded by many EEC officials 
as a symptom of the wonen- 
crisis over European form 
icy, foundered yesterday 
when the European Commis- 
sion foiled to agree on 
posals to be put before 

There was also Initial dead- 
lock on cuts in milk 

troubled common agricultural 
policy. . - 

The firm ministers’ meet- 
ing, chaired by Mr Michael 
Jopfing, Minister of Agri- 
culture, was marked by reluc- 
tance to accept the Com- 
mission's proposed 3 per cent 
cut in milk quotas 

The Commission says the 
measure is . necessary if the 
growing firm surpluses are to 
be reduced. But as the min- 
isters began their meeting, 
officials said EEC govern- 
ments were unwilling to lake 
action likely to put dairy 
fanners out of business. 

The Commission met yes- 
terday in advance of the Farm 
- Council to consider its strat- 
egy. But although its policy on 
dairy surpluses is dear, it was 
unable to agree on the applica- 
tion of an export tax to British 
lamb by widening the system 
of taxes and subsidies known 
as monetary compensatory 
amounts which compensate 
EEC states for temporary 
trade disadvantages due to 
currency fluctuations. 

the White House, and said the 
value to US interests of such 
shipments was “debatable”. 
His knowledge of the opera- 
tion was “fragmentary at 

“We gave a signal and. . .as 
fir as Fm concerned, I don't 
see any need for forther 
signals.” Asked if any more 
arms should be sent to Iran, he 
added: “Under the circum- 
stances oflran’s war with Iraq, 
its pursuit of terrorism, its 
association with those holding 
our hostages, I would certainly 
say no.” 

But when asked “do you 
have the authority to speak for 
the entire Administration?" 
he replied: "No.” 

It is rare aand potentially 
embarrassing for a Secretary 
of State publicly to advocate a 
course of action and then 
admit that his views are not 

is the chief foreign policy 

Because of Mr Shultz’s 
known opposition to the arms 
shipments, this has renewed 
speculation here that he has 
been put in an impossible 
position and may feel obliged 
eventually to resign. 

Late on Sunday, sources 
dose to Mr Shultz said he had 

tiie'^tCTvi^^fodi^^g ri tiiat 
it highlighted too vividly his 
disagreement with the Pres- 
ident’s decision. 

Meanwhile, Tune magazine 
yesterday quoted Israeli sour- 
ces as saying that shipments of 
US arms through Israel to Iran 
began as early as 1982 and 
were continuing as recently as 
two weeks ago. 

President Reagan said in his 
televised statement on Thurs- 
day that he authorized only 
snrall shipments of arms and 
military spare parts, small 
enough to be flown in a single 
aircraft load. 

The Israeli sources said a 
freighter picked up a cargo of 
arms at the Israeli port ofEilat 
and delivered it to Bandar 
Abbas in Iran sometime be- 
tween November 2 and 
November 7. By then, the 
controversy over the arms had 
already begun. 

The Administration has 
been especially carefol to gloss 
over the Israeli role and 
President Reagan never men- 
tioned it in his broadcast But 
congressional and Admin- 
istration sources have said it 
was at Israel's urging that Mr 
Reagan first adopted the pol- 
icy of trying to woo Iranian 
moderates with arms, that 
Israel had persuaded Wash- 

policy of secretly arming Iran 

Criticism of President Rea- 
gan's broadcast has continued 
to mount as a growing number 
of Congressmen, both Repub- 
lican and Democrat have 
called for a fuller explanation. 

1 Televirion polls showed 
that 56 per cent of viewers 
disbelieved his assertion that 
arms were not traded for 
hostages, up to 70 per cent 
rejected the use of arms to 
improve relations and 79 per 
cent disapproved of sending 
weapons to win the release of 
the hostages. 

On Saturday, President 
Reagan held an unpublicized 
meeting with top advisers at 
Camp David to decide what to 
do about Iran. No agreements 
were readied and Mr Shultz 
was reportedly still at odds 
with the others. Mrs Thatcher 
saw Mr Reagan there later the 
same day. 

With the White House mak- 
ing it dear that Admiral John 
Poindexter, the national sec- 
urity adviser, win not be 
allowed to testify at the 
congressional hearings, foe 
Administration is having 
difficulty working out its tac- 
tics to defuse the swirling 
controversies on Capitol HilL 

Mr Shultz, who normally 
speaks on main foreign policy 
issues, is in the embarrassing 
position of not only disagree- 
ing with Iran policy but also 
not knowing many of the 

Asa witness, however, he is 
expected to support the at- 
tempt to make contact with 
moderate elements in Tehran 
because of the importance of 
Iran’s geo-strategic position in 
the Middle East 

Waite warns on hostage rumours 

By Nicholas Beestoa 
The Archbishop of Can- 
terbury’s special envoy, Mr 
Terry Wafte, yesterday denied 
any knowledge <4 the secret 
US aims deal with Iran am- 
ducted amtHoaemuiy with 
his efforts to release captives 
in Lebanon. 

At a press conference at 
Lambeth Palace, where he was 
joined by former US hostages, 
the Rev Benjamin Weir, Fa- 
ther Martin Jeafco and Dr 
David Jacobsen, the veteran 
negotiatior warned that "ru- 
mour and speculations of the 

past week have done immense 

Mr Waite, who appeared 
uncharacteristically nervous 
before newsmen, stressed that 
bo single factor conld be 
identified as ultimately res- 
ponsible for seeming the re- 
lease of IKS captives 

UK links 
Africa aid 
to reforms 

By Andrew McEwen 

A few hours before bostinga 
dinner for President Yoweri 
Museveni of Uganda, Mr 
Christopher Patten, Munster 
for Overseas Development, 
yesterday made a speech bris- 
tling with coded fainls to bis 
guest on the handling of his 

Mr Patten set the shape of 
future British aid to African 
nations on a day when the 
Prime Minister and Jbree 
other ministers held meetings 
with President Museveni. 

While talking about eco- 
nomic reforms Britain would 
like to see in sub-Sabd African 
countries, Mr Patten fisted a 
string of specific criticisms. 
Mast of the points have been 
mentioned by White hall ex- 
perts as areas of concern in 
Uganda’s economy. 

They included inadequate 

incentives, to cro * > 
producers, unrealistic ex- 
change rates and excessive 
stale regulation. . 

Uganda's 50 per cent tax On 
coffee producer* its refusal to 
devalue the duffing, and lack 
of encouragement to p rivate 
enterprise have all been 

sources of wo try. _ • 

President Museveni, whose 
relations with Britain have 
been excellent since he came 
to power in January has 
shown no interest in following 
IMF suggestions for reform. 

In an apparent hint to him 

to change bis mindj Mr Patten 

.said: “In some countries an 
IMF programme agreement 
may be a fcey precondiuon tb r 

development to be restored- 

Without mentioning Ugan- 
da by name, Mf Patten gave a 
clear signal' that . in future 
British aid will fio* more 
earily to countries which fol- 
low a Western model: • % 

Police break General Motors picket 

. From Michael Horasby 
Port Elizabeth 

’General Motors (GM) 
called in riot office armed 
with whips and dogs to <fis> 
perse pickets outside its motor 
car assembly plant here yes- 
terday, and set a deadline of 
9 am ' today for striking 
employees to return to work- 
jft was the second tone the 
giant American multi-na- 
tional had soughtpolice i nter- 
vention in foe requite with 
Mack and Coloured (mixed- 
race) employees over its de- 
q fck m, announced just under a 
month ago, to puU out of 
South Africa. _ 

The summoning of the pol- 
ice was denounced as “deplor- 
able and anti-democratic” by 
the Congress of South African . 
Trade Unions (Cosatu) in a 
statement condemning what it 
termed GM^ “dirty tactics" 
and “high-banded and ar-: 
rogant behaviour”. 

SmaB knots of workers be- 
gan gathering outside the 
yn»m gale of the, plant soon 
after dawn under the gaze of 
riot police in an armoured 
vehicle- Their numbers grad- 
ually swelled as the sun rose 
and the plant opening time of 
7 am approached. 

Whites arriving far work 
were not generally harassed. 

bm blacks and Cdouredswere 

surrounded by angry pickets. . 
Soane were jostled, wbue oth- 
ers had their company cards 
aken from them. One was 
even threatened fortunately 
only vertafly, with “the tyre” 
“AB of our people did hot 
: to work to 

[rad again a ioi. <h 
m front of our.ptant, and as a 
consequence we. did ask the 
police to remove the people 
who were involved in the 
intimidation," Mr Bob White, 
GM"s managmg.director, said. 
- He claimed that once the. 
pickets had been removed, “a 
good number oF- people^ re- 

ported for work. 1 . • • • 

ca, surround a worker trying to enter the company’s plant at Fort Elizabeth. 

Mr White said there would 
be no difficulty: in fitting the 
places of striking emptoyees. 
“We wmst already have had 
applications from 500 or 600 

This is entirely plausible as 
the Port Elizabeth region is in 
deep recession, and un- 
employment is as high as 60 
per cent in some black town- 
ships; Some .2^)00 blacks and 

Coloureds lost their jobs when 
Ford closed its car plant here 
last year, and many are still 
looking for work. 

Across town, Mr Freddie 
Sauls, the bearded general 
secretary of the National 
Automobile and Allied Wor- 
kers’ Union (NAAWU), re- 
mains confident that GM 
“cannot break the strike by 
hiring scabs. 

Both*! ‘deaf to change 

Roman Catholic bishops 
Dram a meeting with 
Botha m Pretoria 
yesterday, sayfog: that .theft 
appeal to bib to institute 
argent reform -laid fallen on 
“deaf ears" (Ray Kennedy 
writes from Johannesburg). 

The six-member delegation 
was led by the Mo& Rev Denis 
Harley, Archbishop of Dur- 
ban and presxfonf of, the 

Southern African Catholic- 
Bishops’ Conference 

A request for a 
between Mr Botha and all 
bishops of the SACBC was 
turned down. • 

• The delegation had pressed 
Mr Botha to institute urgent 
reform “away from the. main 

[ af apartheid." i 


. s 

On the face of it, NAAWlTs 
attitude is puzzling because it 
is a leading affiliate of Cosam, 
which publicly supports dis- 
investment by foreign com- 
panies as a means of putting 
pressure on Pretoria to speed 
up political change. 

Mr Sauls maintains, how- 
ever, that GM, which has not 
made a profit here since 1 981, 
is getting out of South Africa 
mainly tor economic reasons 
and not, as it claims, because 
of ffissatisfection with Pre- 
toria’s policies. • 

The union is demanding 
severance payments from GM 
equal to a month’s wages for 
every year worked (some 
employees have been with the 
company for 20 years or 
more), as well as foe option to 
reclaim contributions made to 
the company's pension fund. 

GM has said it considers the 
demands unreasonable. 

Jerusalem Arabs face backlash 

Jewish students seek 
revenge for murder 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
Much of the Old City of makes many converts through 

Jerusalem was deserted yes- 
terday as shopkeepers kept up 
their shutters in fear after a 
spate of violent anti-Arab 
demonstrations, sparked by 
the murder of a young student 
from a Yeshiva bible college 
on Saturday. 

Fellow students of the dead 
man, Mr Eliahu Amedi, have 
been urging Jews to “make the 
Arabs pay” for the murder. 
Arab houses and cars have 
been stoned. An Arab shoe- 
maker has lost his livelihood 
because his shop near the 
Yeshiva has been burnt out 

Israeli helicopter gmtsfaips hit 
a Patesthnan guerrilla outpost 
sear Sidou, . Lebanon, in foe 
second raid in two days, the 
army said (Raster repeats 
from Tel Aviv). It claimed foe 
outpost belonged to the Syr- 
ian-based Popular From for 
the Liberation of Palestine 
(PFLP), which Israel blames 
for the awder of a Jewish 
s todeut in Jerusalem. 

Petrol bombs have been 
throws both from and at the 

Fearing an outbreak of 
fighting. Mr Teddy Kolek, the 
M^yor, called in 25 leaders of 
the Muslim community to 
urge them to speak out against 
violence. But, as border police 
patrolled the empty streets 
and deserted courtyards of the 
Old Q'ty yesterday, it was 
dear that it was the Arab 
population which was most 
worried about violence. 

The Yeshiva is a kind of 
Jewish settlement m what is 
now the Muslim quarter in tire 
north-east of the old walled 
city. Its students belong to the 
fervent Shuvu Banim (Return 
Oh Sons!) movement, a 
deeply orthodox group, which 

•* • 

social work in prisons and 
slum areas. A significant 
proportion of its members has 
grown up in poverty and 
crime and has discovered in 
religion a new meaning to life. 

Despite their new-found 
devotion, they have a reputa- 
tion for being tough. The 
student who died on Saturday 
was jumped from behind by 
three people and, although 
mortally wounded, fought for 
about 12 minutes severely 
injuring one of his attackers 
with a knife he had wrested 
from him. 

The Yeshiva is built in one 
of the narrow streets which 
were deserted by the Jewish 
community during the riots of 
August 1929, in which 133 
Jews were killed and 110 
Arabs died in battles with the 
police. Since Israel captured 
theOIdOityin 1967, hard-tine 
Zionist groups have been try- 
ing to buy back property u 
this area to reclaim it. 

The site of the Yehsiva 
students, with their distinctive 
haircuts and dark dothes, has 
provoked their Arab neigh- 
bours through whose court- 
yard s they have to walk to go 
in and oul This has increased 
the tension in an already tense 
situation, and there has been a 
number of attacks on them, 
always countered by violence 
and demonstrations from ex- 
treme Zionist groups. 

The Government has 
shown little ability or obvious 
will to discipline them. Yes- 
terday, both Mr Ariel Sharon, 
the hard-line Trade and In- 
dustry Minister, and Mr 
Yitzhak Peretz, the ultra- 
Orthodox Interior Minister, 
condemned the murder, and 
called for tougher penalties for 



As «n exercise in Anglo- 
American consultation, Mrs 
Thatcher’s visit to Camp 
David was highly successful. 
She achieved what she went 
for, and she did ft on the basis 
of a carefully prepared dip- 
lomatic exercise. 

Her top priority was to 
persuade President Reagan 
not to seek foe elimination of 
all ballistic nuclear weapons. 
His readiness to agree to this 
as foe culmination of a tO-year 

disarmament programme was 
the most disturbing feature of 
Reykjavik. It was worse still 
that this proposition was re- 
peated in foe disarm ame nt 
proposals that the United 
States put forward after foe 

The goal is mtrealistic be- 
cause neither the Soviet Uahm 
nor the United States would be 
prepared ultimately to give up 
all Its ballistic missiles. But 
the mere pursuit of the objec- 
tive was destabilizing because 
it would have weakened con- 
fidence in foe long-term 
American commitment to the 
nuclear protection of Europe. 

Now that Mr Reagan has 
agreed with Mrs Thatcher 
that foe complete removal of 

ballistic missiles should not be 
a priority. It looks as if the idea 
has been effectively dropped. 

Mr Reagan was probably att 
the more ready to accept foe 
Prime Minister’s argument 
because be had been prepared 
for it to advance. The British 
Embassy had made dear to 
offidais to Washington what 
Mrs Thatcher would be want- 

about Reykjavik 

There was also, I suspect, 
not too much resistance. The 
failure of foe Shnltz-Shevard- 
nadze talks to Vienna have 
made a disarmament agree- 
ment seem a more distant 
prospect; and I have ftemd 
growing disillusionmeiit about 
Reykjavik among opinion- 
fonners both in Washington 
and around foe country. 

The prindpal lesson of 
Camp David, though, is that it 
is easier than is often ramgmed 
for European leaders to per- 
suade this, or indeed any 
other, Admunstratiou when 
they present a logical case 
forthrightly. At least it is 
always worth their making it 
absolutely plain what they 
think in good time. 

On one point I doubt if Mrs 
Thatcher said what she really 
thought at Camp David. She 
went along with the proposal 
that att intermediate-range 
missiles should be removed 
from both East and West 
Europe, merely adding some 
useful caveats mi verification 
and Soviet shorter-range miss- 

What she was wary of, she 
maintained at the press con- 
ference afterwards, “was any 
settlement which merely 
moved back the SS2Qs ami 
would have enabled them to be 
moved forward ag a in ." But 
that is surely wbal would be 
foe practical effect of getting 
rid of all Euro-missiles while 
allowing the Soviet Union to 
keep 100 SS 20s to Asia. 

Moving missiles 
back across Urals 

These are highly mobile 
weapons. To move them bade 
across the Urals, whenever the 
Soviet leaders decided, would 
be a much simpler mutter, for 
pnutical and stOl more for 
political reasons, than bring- 
ing the American missiles 
back across the Atlantic once 
they had been taken home. 

The proof is probably that 
Mrs Thatcher accepted foe 
zero-zero option for Europe 
during the Reykjavik con- 
ference and feels that more 
harm titan good would be done 
by going back on that now. But 
what is really needed is stOl 
greater transatlantic frank- 

The point has been put to 
me forcibly on this visit that 
European leaders have so 
often been urging American 
Presidents to go further in 
negotiation with the Soviet 
Union that a general impres- 
sion has been created in the 
United States that the more 
disar mament there is, foe 
better Europe would be 

Bnt British and European 
interests are not so simple as 
that, and ft mold be so had 
thing far the Government to 
make the position erven dearer 
than it has done. 

Arras control is not in itsdf 
_ means to peace. That is 
secured by foe balance of 
strength- The purpose of arms 
control is to provide for that 
balance at a lower level of 
strength. Disarmament mea- 
sures are therefore much to be 
welcomed if, but only if, they 
both preserve the balance and 
do not weaken the American 
commitment to the defence of 



?k&£? L&g « VgSf€J»fiSS%>i5£ 5&35»> 

The Architects of Time 






pj ta . vyjjv wrv^ttgfr 


ll|L^f»0ND STREET 
^^EON fiONJW 1 A9PD 
MfiMONE- 01491 4252 



8 1986 


- ^ 

;; ';V . " 




Mix on Soviet economic reforms 

Growth up 

but quality 
must be 

Trfiiw'f 'Mf '1 

Lax' 1 k'S) Kn 

President Kim Was dead, and 
the United States military at 
Panmuojom was tmable to 
confirm the South Korean 
Defence Ministry's contention 
that Kim's assassination was 
broadcast over propaganda 
loudspeakers behind the de- 
militarized zone. The broad- 
cast was made at 2.44 am 
yesterday in only six of the 
sectors of the zone which 
bisects the Korean p eninsula 
If true, the broadcast may at 
least point to unrest within the 
North Korean, military. 

%..f • 

V •• 

Prom Christopher Walker 

A mhoed pktrte of the 
progress rf . m Mikhail 
Gorbachov's wnM to iB eco- 

PreajdestKim: reports of 
■mpBrinaikn unconfirmed. 

communist Korea 

IhnSobtrt(kkns, Aldis 
The Chinese Forage Min- . fatev fee auly membe r of fee 
istry denied yesterd a y that w% Ptdfdmro who is not 
China was faaxbomiug two refatedtoMrKim, as evidence 
alleged asaallaats of President tfanimnnl s tn gd*. 

Kim U Snag of North Korea. The North Korean mffitery 

It was reported fa Seoul has been restive nhder the 
yesterday that Mr Kim had regime of Mr Kim and has 
been shot by two assailants therefore become a problem, 
who had rocaped to Chos. farthe is also 
Loudspeakers on the North . dmht that mavy.efenierts in 
Korean side of the boimdary fteGoeeunnent donot wishto 
between fteftroKew lad nee Bfr 

spokesMB' temcaU ifc report . •■flseAjptaomefimes.fiie,? said 
“a fafeiotfSoa. wlfo tfterlm m . 

motives'*. TbeefficW dSdnot " *»Ed*wd Rowuy, the 
say whether AeChmesethnefr? d*f American ma wm 
of the report in ndmee; tfatsr who has been fa Peking 

The North Kortan Emfawsy to ^tafcL Chinese officials on 

in Pekine also denied that Mr. 
Kim had been shot or even 
thatan attack bad been made 
on him. “The great lender is in 

good health,” an embassy 

spokesman said. * 

None the less, ffiptanats in 
Peking said that some sort of 
trouble appears to have been 

brewing in North Korea. They 
cite ah alleged acridenf some 
weeks ago which befell the 
North Korean Defence Min- 

and West 

From Mario Modzano 
Athens • 

The first official visit by a 
Greek. Foreign Minister to 
Washington for more than 20 
years, ’ winch begins today, 
coincides with. a. tare Soviet 
fleet visit to Piraeus. 

The squadron is under Vice- 
Admiral • Mikhail Chrono- 
poulos, commander of the 
Black 'Sea fleet,' whose name 
significant ly, suggests Greek 

This and the lowkey pub- 
licity to the Washington visit 
are typical of an even-handed- 
ness in Greek foreign policy 
that infuriates the Americans, 
who regard it as deceptive- 

Mr Karolos Papoulias, foe 
Foreign -Minister, and ms 
host, Mr George Shultz, the 
US Secretary of State, me 
expected to take stodc of foe 
pr o gr ess achieved in what they 

p roach to improve US-Greek 
relations. This is then seventh 
meeting in 16 months. 

The Americans want a 
commitment from Greece to 
keep their military bases here 
beyond the end oi this decade. 
Under the ousting agreement, 
Athens has the discretion to 

ask in 19SS for the removal of 

all bases, .. - . 

Mr Andreas Papandreouj 
the Prime. Minister, resisted 
earlier pressure .from Mr 
~ * that his party 

.SMS aim negotiation^ 
said yesterday that unde of the 
Chinese officials: , be ques- 
Honed appeared te knew any- 
thing abort . the alleged 
faodert fin NoU Korea. 

Bnt Anstrian diplomats said 
that the test of Mr Khn's 
health will come today, when 
he is expected In meet Mr 
Jambyn Batmooh, leader at 
the KepahBc of Mongolia, at 

Pyongyang airport 

in Melilla 
shut shops 

Muslim shopkeepers in the 
Spanish endave ofMeliDa, on 
the 'Mediterranean coast of 
Morocco, dosed yesterday in 
defiance of a warning that 
those responding to a call for a 
four-dayshntdofwn ofbusmess 
establishments would be sub- 
ject to fines. 

They were supporting de- 
mands in Mefcflla and Ceuta 
for the withdrawal of a new 
aliens’ law, which they, claim 
■ ttiscri mmates against them. " 

Group attacks 
petrol stations 

Copenhagen (Reuter) — An 
anti^Hrriieid group, calSng 
itself Sofidarity-Steve Biko, 
said it damagsd 21 petrol 
stafionsowned by the Danish 
subsidiary of the . Shell _ oil 
company in protest against 
Shell's interests m South 

Solomons PM 
resigns in row 

Honiara (Reader) — Mr 
Peter. KenQorea, Prime MSn- 
ister of the Solomon Islands, 

TTTi Wki i i 

majority ■ support • m . hr 
figm ent after six sonar min- 
isters qmt his Cabinet amid 

Browing protest movement 
and was trying to find a way 
out of its predicament by 
diverting popular attention 
and outrage to other areas. 

A Japan Socialist Party 
delegation, in Pyongyang to 
discuss a new felting -agree- 
ment, said that e v ery thi ng 
appeared to be normal in the 
caphaL There had been no 
mention of anything m ywnai 
when the delegation met Mr 
Bo Dam, secretary-general of 
the North Korean Workers’ 
Party and a member, of the 

■ The main items on the prirf- 
day and evening editions of 
Radio Pyongyang made no 
m e ntion of any such incident, 
both carrying reports of the 
President’s recent visit to 
Moscow. There have been 
reports, however^ of an . at- 
tempt on President Kim’s life 
within the fast month, after 
which the attackers are said to 
have fled to China. 

The mystery surrounding 
.flie feteofPreside&t Kim may 
be resolved today, when the 
leader of the Mongolian 
People’s Republic, Mr Jam- 
byn Batmonh, is due to arrive 
in Pyongyang for a visit. 

-presented yesterday to dele- 
gates who gathered m -foe 
KremBn to foe 1987 

badgjrt and bear an economic 
report from the Soviet Union's 
chief planner, Mr Nikolai 
Talyrin. ..... 

Alfoongh Mr Taiyam, a 
Gorbachov appointee, claimed 
Oat growth ntesdurfag 1986 
were expected to be the high- 
est adrieved this decade, he 
also noted nfat v 
new style of work was. slow hi 
some areas and that “no 
gndifafa-brttkflsMgh has 
vet bega n”. 

Mr^lyzfa, ^ member of 
foe 12-rtroug rating Politburo, 
laid great , emphasis on foe 
improv e me nt r eqirired In the 
poor ouafity of Soviet goods. 

poor quality of Soviet goods, 
stathm in what was a thinly 
disgmsed forest to state enter- 
prises which do not mem the 
req m mert s of a new quality' 
control body: “The national 
economy does not need bad 
work and it wiD not be 

Speaking trader a grist 
marble statue of Lenin, Mr 

Politburo members voting yes 
Gromyko. Two rows behi 

Talyzin added in frank ad- 
mission: “In the area of 
improving quality, we are far 
from, achieving strategic tar- 
gets established by the 27th 
Party Congress (in Feb- 

In an address heavy on taw 
economic stastics and fight on 
oratorical sltiDs, Mr Talyrin 
said that Soviet industrial 
ontpst was set to rise by 4 A 
per cert next year, compared 
with 43 per cent In 1986. The 
equivalent figrnes for national 

nday at the Supreme Soviet. Mr Mikhail Gorbachov (bottom row, right) sits with President 
. Mr Gorbachov is the Foreign Minister, Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, in pensive mood. 

jncamr were 4J per cert and 
19 per cert. 

The baanaaal of the 

Supreme Soviet, a body which 
traditionally rabberatampsthe 
budget and the national phut, 
was told by Mr Boris Gartev, 
the Finance Minister, in 
1987, for the third year in 
succession, defence spending 
wonld remain at 4.6 per cent of 
total expenditure. 

In total, Soviet defence 
gpfrnding for next year was 
announced as 20.2 bflfiou 

roubles (£2116 b3Bon), a figure would have to remain constant 
treated with extreme seep- because of foe refusal of the 
deism by Western govern- US to curb the arms race, and 
ments, which estimate the true he died President Reagan'S 
percentage of defence in the Strategic Defence Initiative as 
overall budget to be abort 14 a factor in Moscow's derision, 

Despite this element of There were few political 
Western doubt about the fig- surprises at the session apart 
mes, the mraymt announced from rea ppear ance in pnb- 

annually to the deputies from 
foe Soviet Union's 15 repub- 
lics is taken as an important 
political signal. Mr Gostev 
said yesterday that the figure 

fie for the first time in many 
months of Marshal Sergei 
Sokolov, aged 75, the Defence 
Minister who has been suffer- 
ing from an unspecified illness 





From Richard Wigg 

Sedor Felipe Gonza l ez, the 
S panish Prime Minister, ar- 
rived back yesteniay from a 
tour of three Latin American 
countries with a promise from 
president Castro to release a 
Spanish-born guerrilla impris- 
oned in Cuba for 21 years. 

Poring the visit SeaorGon- 
zgfez, with the Cuban and 
Peruvian Governments, ex- 
pressed solidarity with Ar- 
gentina. over its sovereignty 
claim to the Falkland Islands. 

The “humanitarian gest- 
ure” to free Sefior Eloy Gutier- 
rez Menoyo, coupled with a 
promise from Cuba to pay $40 
million ( 523 million) in 
compensation for Spanish 
property seized after the 1959 
revolution, enabled Sehor 
Gonzfilez to present the most 
controversial stage of his jour- 
ney as a success. 

Sehor Guttenez, now aged 
51, is expected to be freed 
before the end of foe year. The 
guerrilla leader fell out with 
President Castro over Cuba’s 
growing dependence on the 
Soviet Union. 

Lima proved foe most diffi- 
cult stage of foe trip, with the 
Spanish leader resisting at- 
tempts by President Garcia to 
get him to break ranks with 
Western creditor nations over 
payment of Peru's $14,000 
millio n foreign debt 


8 §.g:2 Lets meg* « vsltenaafl'ins 




The MI5 revelations trial 

Britain claims book by 
intelligence officer 
would endanger agents 

After legal argument lasting 
14 months, the British Gov- 
ernment yesterday launched 
gs case for suppressing Mr 
P«er Wright's manuscript 
with an outline of the damage 
it claims would be caused by 
the book's publication. 

In seeking an injunction to 
stop the former MI5 officer's 
book, Britain was supported 
in the New South Wales 
Supreme Court by an elev- 
enth-hour affidavit filed by 
the Hawke Government. 

Both administrations ar- 
gued that for a former intelli- 
gence officer, supposedly 
bound to silence, to disclose 
confidential security material 
would compromise intelli- 
gence organizations and 
threaten national security. 

Earlier, the British side had 
its request to the Court of 
Appeal for a stay of proceed- 
ings refbsed. But the court is 
to consider tomorrow — in 
what amounts to a trial within 
a trial — an application for 
leave to appeal against last 
week's Supreme Court order 
that Whitehall hand over se- 
cret documents as relevant 
background to the case. 

When the action finally got 
under way, the small court- 
room was packed with spec- 
tators. Also in court were Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the Cabi- 
net Secretary, Mr John Bailey, 
the Treasury Solicitor, and six 
other Whitehall civil servants. 

The central figure, Mr 
Wright, was not present, but 
he has come to Sydney from 
his retirement home in Tas- 

At the outset, Mr Gavin 
Griffith, the Solicitor-General 
of Australia, rose to say he 
would be attending so that 
"issues of Crown privilege and 
public interest immunity” for 
Australia could be raised if 

Mr Theo Simas QC, appear- 
ing for the British Govern- 
ment said Mr Wright's 
confidential information had 
been gathered while he was an 
officer of MLS and was bound 
by a contractual obligation of 

From Stephen Taylor. Sydney 

It made no difference, Mr 
Simos added, that Whitehall 
bad adm itted, for the purposes 
of the case, that the allegations 
in his book were true. 

Four affidavits by Sir Rob- 
ert were read out in court In 
them, as Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher's principal adviser 
on security and intelligence, 
he listed the objections to 

In the first Sir Robert said 
that during Mr Wright’s MI5 
service between 1955 and 
1976 he had had access to 
highly sensitive and classified 

The publication of such 
information would cause “un- 
quanti liable damage” to MI5, 
as other security services from 
which it received information 
would lose confidence in its 
ability to protect secrets. 

Sir Robert said in a second 
affidavit that Mr Wright had 
occupied "senior positions of 
trust”. His disclosures would, 
in addition to being detri- 
mental to the national interest 
and damaging to MI 5, en- 
danger intelligence officers 
and their families. 

In his third affidavit, filed 
last August after seeing the 
manuscript for the first time, 
Sir Robert said he was unable 

to comment on the specific 
allegations it contains, "with- 
out causing damage which it is 
the purpose of these proceed- 
ings to avoid”. MI 5 had to be 
seen to be leakproof and Mr 
Wright's disclosures, irrespec- 
tive of their content or acc- 
uracy, would impair its liaison 
with friendly security services. 

Even information which 
was apparently innocuous 

Sir Robert Armstrong arriv- 
ing at the Supreme < 

could be used to check the 
veracity of information al- 
ready in the possession of 
hostile intelligence services. 

Valuable intelligence could 
be gained about sources of 
information and the structure 
and working of the service. 

It would be helpful for 
hostile intelligence to know, 
for example, what a defector 
to Britain had told M15. It 
would then be known what 
information remained un- 
detected and which agents had 
not fallen under suspicion. 

In a fourth and final affida- 
vit. dated November 6, Sir 
Robert also said that disclo- 
sure would help hostile intelli- 
gence ascertain which sources 
could be relied upon. It would 
also ifamay internal trust and 
recruitment to MI5 and might 
encourage other ex-officers to 
make disclosures. 

Additionally, he said the 
identification of premises 
used by MIS exposed the 
service to attack. 

In the Australian Govern- 
ment affidavit, Mr Michael 
Codd, Secretary to the Cabi- 
net. said he had read Mr 
Wright's manuscript and he 
believed its publication would 
prejudice Australian security, 
and would be contrary to the 
national interest. Disclosure 
would show an inability to 
protect intelligence and could 
lead to a decrease in the 
quality of shared information 
provided to Australia by 
friendly inteHigcnce services. 

Sir Robert is expected to be 
called to give evidence today. 

Another witness for the 
British side will be a former 
MIS officer whose identity has 
been ordered by the court to 
be kept secret. 

US and China forge military accord 

The US and China, political 
adversaries for more than 
three decades and opponents 

managed, check the expansion 
of Soviet military power in the 
Far East 

“The military relationship 
has been heating up,” an 
American official said yes- 
terday and described it as a 
"basic political success”. 

Mr Edward Rowny, Presi- 
dent Reagan's chief arras 
negotiator, arrived in Peking 

From Robert Grieves, Peking 
on Sunday to brief Chinese 
officials on the results of 
recent Sino-US arms talks in 
Reykjavik, Vienna and Ge- 
neva. It was his fourth visit to 
China and his second in two 

Genera] John Wickham, the 
US Army Chief of Staff, is also 
in Peking for a week-long 
round of visits. 

Mr Rowny said he clarified 
the US position regarding 
missile reductions in the wake 
of Soviet complaints that the 
US was not living up to its 
nuclear weapons agreement 

He told the Chinese that 
reductions in American mis- 
sile defences in Europe would 
be tied to reductions m Ameri- 
can missiles in Asia. 

The presence of American 
firms at two defence shows in 
Peking, the recent visit by 
three warships to the east 
coast port of Qingdao, and the 
October 30 Sino-US agree- 
ment allowing China to buy 55 
US avionics kits for its S 8 jet 
fighter, valued at S10 million 
(£7 million) each, has but- 
tressed accords on military co- 

Manila protesters call on Enrile to go 

Demonstrators protesting against last 
week's murder of Mr Rolando Oialia, the 
Philippines’ most prominent labour lead- 
er. They called on Mr Juan Ponce Enrile, 
the Defence Minister, to resign (Keith 
Dalton reports from Manila). 

A general strike to protest against the 
murder of the May I Trade Union 
Federation leader was generally ignored, 
except for pockets of demonstrators 
de m an din g the dismissal of Mr Enrile. 

Supporters of Mr Oialia have accused a 
military clique loyal to Mr Enrile of 
killing both the labour leader and his 
driver, Mr Leonor Alay-Ay, last Thurs- 

Yesterday scattered rallies and human 
barricades in several Manila suburbs 
disrupted traffic. 

Labour leaders, however, claimed dm 
almost 300 factories closed down. 

Observers believe the strike foiled to 

attract popular support because, with 
three-quarters of all Filipinos living 
below the poverty line, one day off work 
is a sacrifice most cannot afford to make. 

No arrests have been made in the 
Oialia killing and Mr Neptali Gonzales, 
the Justice Minister, told a press con- 
ference that there was nothing to link the 
murder with the kidnapping two days 
later of Mr Nobuyuki Wakaoji, a prom- 
inent Japanese businessman. 

Gangster grip on coal and politics 

From Michael Hamlyn 

While the mhappy formers 
iff Bihar's central districts are 
terrorized by rival armies of 
landlords and Maoists, the 
desperately poor labourers in 
the coal-rich industrial belt 
further sooth are victims of a 
different oppression. 

The coalfields round Dban- 
bad, dose to the West Bengal 
border, are ruled by a criminal 
mafia who feed off the 
sufferings of the miners, extort 
cash from the industry and 
cheat the public exchequer. 

Many of the mafia dons are 
ostensibly leaders of the coal- 
field trade unions, but they 
befit their power as “enfor- 
cers” for the (rid trade mriofl 
leaders, or as muscle for the 
private colliery owners. 

After the urines were 
nationalized in 1972, they 
moved into business for them- 
selves, obtaining lucrative 
transport contracts, some- 
times at grapomL 
Now they thrive on forcible 
trade onion subscriptions and 
on a money-te n ding business 
at extortionate rates of in- 
terest They control gambling 
and liquor rackets, just like 
the original Mafia dons of the 
1920s in the United States. 

Every ton of coal Oat moves 
through die district must pay a 
levy, sometimes in cash and 
sometimes in coal, to the mafia 
chief of each district it passes 
through. Illegal mines are 
opened and “protected’’ by the 
hoodlums. “Licences” to lift 
coal illegally and to transport 
it are issued by the gangs. 

The troubled 
state of Bihar 

Part 2 

The people exploited by 
these gangs are mostly lab- 
ourers from the lowest of all 
social groups, the formerly 
untouchable Harqans and file 
aboriginal tribespeople. Pro- 
tests liy them are ruthlessly 
put down by the dons, and even 
by the police. 

Stnng by allegations of ram- 
pant bnvlessness in the dis- 
trict, the central Government 
called for a report and recom- 
mendations. The report, sub- 
mitted six years ago, showed 
that the reason why the mafia 
flourished was because of its 
political sponsorship, by polit- 
ical parties of all coiowrs. 

The report's findings were 
explanation enough why no 
further action was taken: it 
became politically inexpedient 
to delve further. 

On his election as Chief 
Minister, the present mcmn- 
bent, Mr Kndeshwari Dubey, 
promised a crackdown on the 
mafia. Mr Dubey is a coalfield 
trade unumist who worked as a 
miner while he organized the 
labour force of the private 

Asa result, one mafia leader 
was removed as general sec- 
retary of the focal Congress 
Party. Two other chieftains 
were arrested. Fow prominent 
members of another gang were 
also jailed. Bridge tofl con- 

tracts of two leading dons were 
not renewed. But there, say Ms 
critics, the crackdown Ins 

Mr Dubey is accused of 
acting in bis own political 
interest against only those 
mafia leaders who support the 
opposition Janata Party. 

“We don't deny that some of 
the mafias have entered into 
politics,” tiie Chief Minister 
said. “They have art entered 
for their political faith or for 
the service of the people. 

“I am totally against the 
mafias iaterferlaag with poli- 
tics. And we shall try to break 
their money power which they 
are utiHzhig for their criminal 

Mr Dubey’s adherents 
daim he is dean, hot his 
predecessor. Dr Jagammth 
Mishra, presided over a soci- 
ety which made corruption 
almost a state industry. 

In Bihar, government sa- 
vants are transferred for a fee. 
Police inquiries may be ter- 
minated for money. Public of- 
fice or membershqi of govern- 
ment commissions are recog* 
need as ways to enrichment, 
through payment for cont- 

Criminal action has become 
the hallmark of Bihar's bas- 
tings. In 1967 Bihar witnessed 
its first cases of “booth captur- 
ing”, in which bands of thugs 
seized a polling station and 
kept out those they thought 
might cast inappropriate bal- 

Last year's election in- 
creased incidents to 333, with 
66 shooting incidents and S3 

bombs exploded. Thirteen 
people were kitted. 

Recent elections have seen a 
number of known 
becoming members 
of the legislative assembly. By 
the time one such person 
gained respectability as a leg* 
in 1980, he had 70 
criminal acts credited to him. 

Another, tire leader off a 
landlord army, had 12 cases of 
murder and abduction regis- 
tered against him when be was 


The Naxatites, aimed Mao- 
ist iwiHtnirtg, have so for con- 
fined Aar influence to extra 
parliamentary activit y, bat 
that iaflnence is undoubtedly 
mowing. A mass blockade of 
the state fegh l at u r e here in 
August organized by the 
Naxatites, showed just how 
powerful the extremist organ- 
izations had become among 
the Harijans, the lowest of all 
the Hindu classes. 

The Naxatites have been 
hunching peasant organiza- 
tions for mass agitation. A 
Farmers’ Assembly, a Fanner 
Labonr War Omndl and a 
Revolutionary Farmers' Com- 
mittee have sprung into bring,, 
although their support is 
largely among the landless 
labourers ranter than the 
peasant formers. 

For the first time the people 
oo the bottom rang of the so- 
cial ladder have begun to 
throw the richer occnpiers out 
of public pastures, or common 
fishponds, which the upper 
cartes had arrogated to them- 


War on 
in South 

from Our South. Asian 
Correspondent ' 

Leaders of the seven Somfa* 
Asian nations, representing' 
one-fifth of humanity, yes- 
terday ended a two-day sum- 
mit meeting by agreeing to- 
find ways of fighting 
abuse and trafficking, which is - 
a growing problem m the 1 

fpdian S1l bC OT itiT l e n *- 

But the most humane de- 
cision of the seven leaders of- 
the South Asian Association 
for Regional Co-operation 
(Saarc) was to include a senes' 
of promises about the care and 
the rights of children in their 
dosing dedaraticra. 

They endorsed the UN > 
Convention on the Rights of" 
the Child, setting the target of # 
universal immunization with- 
in the next fbetr years, univer-* 
sal primary education; ma- 
ternal and child nutrition, safe" 
_ water and adequate’ 
shelter by the year 2000. 

On drug trafficking Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
Prone Minister, said in a 
dosing press conference that- 
the flow of drugs across the' 
border from Pakistan into his 1 
country was one of the causes' 
for abnormal relations be-' 
tween • them. Nevertheless, 
Pakistan was given charge of 
establishing a technical com-' 
mittee to look into the prob- 
lem and to be its first' 


Bilateral matters dominated' 
the meeting, with intensive 
negotiations cm the Sri Lan- 
kan ethnic crisis ' continuing 
until the last minim*. - -» 

“We do not believe there 
should be an Edam (Tamil' 
homeland) in Sri Lanka,” Mr * 
Gandhi said. "With the pack- ' 
agd that President Jaye- 
wardene has given now, we 
believe that the Tamils can 
live in peace and security.” 

Relations with Pakistan did 
not appear to improve during ■ 
the Saarc meeting. They- 
started badly, with repents oP 
Indian troop movements on- 
the border. They ended on 
another low note with Mr - 
Gandhi virtually calling Mr 
Mohammed Khan Jungo, the ' 
Pakistan Prime Minister, a 

Mr Gandhi met Mr Junejo 
only briefly, after having kept 
the Pakistani delegation gaess- - 
ing as to whether he might - 
avoid a t8te-&-t£te with him " 
altogether. At his dosing press 
conference Mr Gandhi said 
that he had raised with Mr - 
Junejo the reports that Paki- 
stan has exploded a high- 
explosive trigger device for a 
nuclear boma ' 

“He has assured us — let me 
get his exact words,” Mr 
Gandhi said turning for a 
document to an aide. "Prime 
Minister Junejo said that the 
report that they had tested a 
nuclear trigger is ’utterly 
incorrect'. To be honest, we 
are not "utterly convinced’.” -■ 

T • < r 

s’ n f- 

» -P ' _ -■ 

* ’ 'J* .. 

- . j 

?./- * ■■ 

w r 

., . ••- 
. I? 

. - 

v* - , 

M - 




*s* 1 

£•', -• • • 
Ci-* 1 

•j5' ’ • 

~ . * 
d’-' ’ j. 

*L" ~ 


I It.) v -. 


IMWWII HALL 628 8795/638 
8891 . Toni 7.96 DON LIMIT 
HQ M®. A Tribute hi Hw 

•1-908 31*1. CC 988 8800 
TonHftl 7.30BTO. 

Symphony NO-2- 

THE LAW MUCK, 113 Chan 
nry Lan e. WO Gu tter BeoUal 
Today at 6 JO pm. 


COLISEUM 8 836 3161 CC 
3*0 S3S8 

TonT 7 JO Cow an* Paw Tomor 
7.30 Tba Ran " 

1066/ 1911. Stdby info 836 

6903. S OC. Ticket* £ l -£32.60. 
(BaUntl C2-X40 lOperaj- 66 AnqatU 
•mate avail on Dir day 

j Baaaty BoBef Casl 
big Info; Ol 240 9815 ' 

Thur 7.30 

SADLER'S WELLS 278 891 6, U l 
Can oc 24 nr 7 day 2oo 72oo 
Until DCC 6. Gum 7-30. 


From Ton 7 loSal 

addin FMd/Tha Ron 
E1fc/lmiwi«H— CAU Lon- 
don pmntaraL 01 278-06SS far 
Farthcomina Attractions 


I 836 761 1 or 2M> T913 

/a CC 741 9999/836 7358/379 
6433 Grp Salts 930 6123 First 
Call 2*tir 7 day CC 240 7200 (trim 


NMMly at 7.30 Mots W«J at 2.30 
A Sat 4 JO A 8.00 

Wajda* OavPer* 

M TOWN" s Exam 

ALBERT 836 3878 or 379 <1565/ 
379 6433/ 741 9999 Group 
SMOB36 3962. Eve* Sawn 


ALOWCM Ol 836 6404/0641 cc 
Ot 379 6233. Ol 741 9999 Re- 
duced price otev, frocn Nov 27 
Opens Dec 3 at 7 OOpm 



A Notional Theatre Production 
"Humour at in Ml. a ndi and 
aowtnp production - Daily Mad “A 
beautifully snapea (amity 
comedy" Times ■■ 11 Will run for a 
tons Ume“ Time Out 
Ccenfnas Mon. Fra 730 Mate 
Wed* 3.0 SON 6.00 6 BJO First 
OB 24 hr 7 dayav Ol 340 7300 
too bkg (eel Grauo Sales 01 930 

01836 6111 cc 
836 117V. Pint CaU (24 hn/7 
days) 340 7200 <bkp feel Eves 
7 30. Wed mat 3. Sal 4 A 8 

I 91a 



ter 4 fl tt to Award* 
He Tear" 


434 3698 First Call 01-240 7200 
Tlchaanasler CC 379 6433 
MCTVFIS HjOO Sat 4.30 A 8.15 
Thun mat s 3.0 0 

mul aconcLs 


I C omedy 



"Wonderfully funny" D.Exd 


OC 630 6262 Party Hkp 828 

6188 Ttcketmaster cc 379 6433 

First Cad CC l84hrl 240 7VOO (Bkp 

Fee) Grp Sales 930 6133 Eves 

7.46 Mate Tue & S M 3.0 



Music by 



Directed by TREVOR MjnN 

FOR RETURNS Special i nines 

stans at £5 on Tims mats tor 



11.45 pm Wad 17 Dec Rk 

Ol 628 8796/638 
8891 cc ■ Mon -Sun 1 0wn -8pm) 


E lonl & 
lomor 7.3D Thun 2.00 A 7.30 
by Fontoau 

- Mag ni ficent ..most 
enotoyatile" D Tel Fn 7.30. Sat 
2.00 & 7 30 M IS ALL I ANCE 
Shaw* -Masterpiece, a glori- 
ous performance" T imes . 

THE PIT Loo "I 6 tomor 7 30. 
Thun 200 d> 7 30 THE 
Arthur Miller. FO 7 SO . Sal 

2 00 & 7.30 MWCIPtA 

S CRI P TO S1 AE »y Ractiard 

CALL 24IU- 7 day on 8362428 NOl 
ROOKING FEE Grp Sales 93oJ 








Mon-Fri 7-30 Thu mm 2-30 SOI 
A B.1G. Reduced prices Thor* 
mate only £7 a CIO 

sem mmTfor p&wyo 


8230 cc 579 6866/6433. Euml 
8pm. Sate mate 4pm TREATWlfTl 
b y Jea iajhtol Moore. 

DORY PREVIN B Dec - 10 . 


Box Office A CC 01-836 
240 9066/7. FhN can 24IU- 7 day 
cc Mtga on 01 240 7200 (no Map 
feel. TKLetnasMar 01 379 6436 
(no Wee fee) 


Awanda ter 1 









Evjb 8.0 Mate Wed 3.0. 8M 5.0 A 
8-30 Reduced price mil Write. 
Students and oapi standby. 
Croup sates 930 6123 
Spacuu matinee Dec 26 3pm 

CC 240 7200/379 6433/741 
9999 Grgi 930 6123 





A Comedy by Bi diard Har ris 
n of me w 

"The agobuu of rapturous 
rmxanKioii- D Mall 
■■Very funny indeed” &Exp 
Mon-Thu 8 FrlASal 5 30 6 8.30 

cumsuoc "S' 928 2262 CC 

llualMnal Theatre'* small audi- 

torium TonT 7.30 TIE BAT 

by David Harp Tomer. Thur. 

Fri. M on 7 S O. Sal 2.306 7.30 


CRITERION S 930 3216 CC 379, 
ASeS/579 &433/741 9999 Grp* 
836 3962 E1.9S BOO Thu mall 
2 SO Sal 5.30 & 8 SO 

D Mail 

The Thtatre of comedy Company 

::x« rotcs 



fulfil cqx 


Wrmen and directed by 
O'er l.BOO rid 


DUCHESS 8 836 8243 OC 240 
9648 CC 379 6433 A CC 24 
hr/7 day 240 7200 Evin B Wed 
dial 3 Sal 6 A 8 

DUKE OP YORKS 836 5122 CO 
836 9837/741 9999/379 643W 
24hr 240 7200. Evas 8. Thu 3. 
Sal S A 830 


• Dram Award 1 - 


Hit Comedy by Richard Harris 

o irecle d Cry Jllba McKenzie 



7705. First Can cc 2«hrs 240 

7200 0* 9 feel . Eves 7.45. mu 


by Dylan Tlabmas. “Saaring 
and I miaul i - tl » 
tote MW S a a u tau and ten 

DaQy T W ip H b 

SARHKKBOI 379 6107. 1st can 
24/hr 7 day 240 7200. Grp Sales 
930 6123. Eves 7 JO. Sat E A 8 
(Tues ma» at 5 from ZB Nov) 


by Keith watemoum 
Directed by Ned Sherrtn 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Prevs 

un tH Nov 26k 8 phl SELLHM 

THE SCZLE A New Comedy by 

Piter Mte. wbh Ann Bracn. 

CaroBne Bates. Dlnmale 
Landen David ThrrtfaU. a 
reeled by Robert Chelwin. 


Bax office A CC 01-930 9832. 1st 

CaU 24hr/7 day crhkQs 240 7200 

Eves 7.3 ow«d a Saimaa tuovm 

(Nominal ed Actor of the Ye 

Laurence Obvter Awartte) bi 




MoynMANr dkmmovsly 


BXMAErm. ttnnmM oz 

839 2244 -ndeetmaster OC 379 





Sa rah Sieve 

BflRBiBn Barton 

CM re Moore plays Christina 
at certain performance* 
Dlrecled by HAROLD PRINCE 
Eves 7.46 Mom Wad A Sal 3 
Poma fafcp* only tor Apr to oca 


2311. Eves 7.48. Wed Mats 

2.30. Sal Mste4pm THE 
Mgijwm M MKla SaMh. 
STUIMOi wed - Sal 8pm 

FORTUNE 8. Of CCS 836 2238/9 
Ate 240 7200 I24hre Mto feel 
Mar to Fri 0 Sal S 30 Mai ThuH 


■■I enjoyed every manne" ST 

■■A classic of wnodumtry - b 

mini in unit" Times ES 


OlOM 437 1592 OC 579 6433 
19 Cab 24 rw 200 7200 UW bfci 
le« 741 9999 mo Nq leel. Or* 
Sales 930 6123. Eves 8 
Mate Wed S Sat 4. 


-8 II'S tauonfer you're after. OheJ 
ihr fun comes nowhere Ducked 
and faster" SM 
A Omedy by Ken Ludwig 
Dl reeled by David GUmore 

Ave Wl 01-457 3686/7 01-454 
1880. 01-434 1060. 01-734 

B 166/7 


"A brmianl A Ntyotasly 
come Performance" F. Tunes 

The Naltonal Theatre's arclatiaed 
production of 


■'Heurtbreikingly funny" Gdn 
8. Turns 

"A rare rvanana of 
comic exnuarabon" Turn 
Evys 7.30. Mata Wed and Sal 3 O. 
Group Sales 01-930 6123, 

Reduced Once nau Student A 
C AP Stan d-by 

near call mm 7 day 

APRIL *87 



A play by WHUam Luce, directed 
by Coin Redgrave Suns Nov 23 

A 30 01 4pm 


T41 9999 «1» Meg leeL nm C8 
24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200. (NO: 
■MS FEE) Grp Sales 930 6123. 
TKfcctnutelar 579 6433 

over 200 ran of 




“-JK Pat i «ns- ROAR OF! 

Mon-Fri 7.30. Mats Wed 2.00 
Sal 2.30 A 8.00 
S(dM concessions avaa. al door 
Mon-Fri A Sat mate 
Haw taaaktes to April 25. 1ST 

LYTTELTON *S’ 928 mm OC 

fNaooiiai Theatre's preaceiHum 

stage ) To day 1 30 How nice 

nefp. Tout Tomor. Thor. Fri. 

Man 7-15. sm 2 is flow price 


by Mil Evans and Vatentuse. 

Fri- moo lOJOam A 2.00 THE 

MAYFAIR 01 529 3057 
From Dee 15 to Jan 3 
Twice daily 20 A 4.0 
weds A Sate 10-50. 20 a 4.0 

soonrs xmas show 

■AYFABI S OC 629 5036. Mon- 
Thu 8 Fri/SM 5.40 A 8.10 


"Tha Hast TluIR si ter yss»s" SM 


“An unabashed Mims" S Em 

— - Time, 

236 3568 rc 741 
9999. Cap Sales 930 6125 Flras 
Can 240 7200 <24 Hr* 7 Daps) 
Tlehetmasfer 379 6453. 

Eves 8p m. Sets 6pm A 850 


Pre- theatre f ood an d drum 

LAST 2 mnn 

6068 Id Can 240 7200 379 6433 
741 9999 Grp Dries 930 6123 


Op™ December 15 for 4 weeks 
cmly Twice aany at 2.0 A 60 



CultULOL Excellent cheap, 
teOte <uiys o t pew s an theatres 

203SL EASY CAR PARK, tnlo 
653 0880. AH COHD 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC3 
406 0072 CC 379 6453 Eves 7 48 




Group Bdoamqs Ol -403 1567 or 

.’* aw to 

MAY 30 1687. Seals aval tor ad- 
duaanal tuMiday Dvrts on oec 22 A 
Jan 2 at Seen 

OLIVIER "3- 928 2258 CC <Na 
Wmal Theatre ‘t open Haori 
OWTO Today lO.SOara T* 

(ram Browning's poem (tor fr 
1 1 year oMa. tow pneosj. TonT. 
7 15 ANIMAL FARM by Or- 
welL awpM by Defer NaU. 
Tomor Thur 7.16 last pert* 
PMVBA - A Float Street Car 
ad*. IFrt. Sal A NOV 24 IS Dec a 
theatre dosed lor mauumanrri 

OLD VK 928 7616 cc 251 1821 
F ram Tomor for a Horiud s ea s on 
Mon-Fri 7.3a Sate 4.0 A 7.48. 







by Clare Boothe Luce 

379 6453 F« Cril 24W 7Cny CC 
a ao 7 200 crp Sates 950 6125 


Eves 7.30 Mote Thu A Sal 2.30 
Lriecpmera not attained 
unto me Interval 


PHOEMX 836 2294 cc 240 9661 


Directed" by’rirfn 

1st CaU 340 T200<no hkp tee) Crp 
Sriea 930 6125/741 9999 (no bog 
feel Mon-Thu 8 Frl/Sai 4 A 8.15 

RCCMALT 457 4806 CC 379 
6565/ 379 6433/ 240 7200. 
Gram Sales 930 6123/ 8363962. 
Eves Span. Sate 4.30 A 8.15 Wed 
man 3 





MKt ERHARD Box Office 
734 8961 First Call 24 Hr 7 Days 
rc Booking 856 5464 arp Soles 
930 6125. Mon-Sat 7.50 State 
Thun A Sat 2.30 


FHHKC OF WALES Wl 9308681 
/2 CC Hoorn* 930 0844/8/6 OTP 
SUM, ,950 6123 Keith Prowse 
741 9999. TKMtnmsRr 379 6053 
1st cab 2anr/7aay 2*0 7200 

■A Li L 0 ’ A L L O 

warn the TV SHOW BYARS 
Eyes 8. Fri A Sal 8 JO A a.40 
EXTRA PERFS 30 A 31 Dae M 
2 JO 

- 01-734 1166/7/ 
0261/0120. 24fir CC 240 7200/ 
379 64 55. Grp Sates 930 6123. 




LEONARD e nti t y I U N'S 


"It rlDWea with ncuemeni" 
s.Tran "ktost wmdecAii" OXxp 
Man-Sal 8 Mas Wed 2 JO Sat 6 

R I VER SID E STUDIOS 748 33541 
CC 579 6433 SHARKS EXK- 

COOO by BrnnmH Stem TUe* 
Sun 8. Sm anal 3.30. 

1887. CC 241V 7 day 2 40 7200 
Ibhg feel LAST WEIX 
5AT1 Eves bn . Sto mal 4pm 

aM4Hmn RftwTjg .su 
Mat* 3.30 BTITMUli by 

ROYALTY 01-831 0560 24hr cc 
240 7200 C«r 379 6453 741 9999 
Croup Sales 950 6123 


From 16 Dec twacedaHy at 2-30 A 
7.30 BOOH HOW 

SAVOY THEATRE Ol 836 8888. 
CC 579 8619, 8360479. Ftol CaD 
24 hr 7 daw Ones 1ml aao 7200. 
Mem Rowae 741 9999 Ibhp tel 
Ited Price Pirns: Toni 8pm. 
Obhb Tomor 7pn». Sob Eves 
Mon-Fri 8pm. Sal 8 A 8JO. wed 
Mate 3pm 


The Hen Mystery ' 

Directed by MIT AM 1 

comrarroi 37963990 c 01379 

6433/741 9999. First CaU 24hr 
240 7200 Ibfcg fCeL OTP Sates 930 

Mon-Fri a Wed Mol 3 Sal G A 

"The rises! comic nderite" O Mas 


“A Slap-up reetval* ■ Timm or "the 
moat cetenrated of Boa Travers’ 

wa^Tmot E 

Previews from Dee 8 

ST MARTIN'S 01-636 1445. Spe- 
cial CC No. 579 6435. Evps 8.0 
Turn BAS. Sal 0-0 and B-O 


. 2660 CC L„ 

4143/5190. 741 9999. Fir* Call 
24 Hr 7 Day rc E40 7200 Grp 
Sales 930 6123 




Directe d * Choreographed by 

OSIaa Lynne 

Mon-Fri 7.48. Mai Wed 3410 
Sal 450 A 8.18 



<07891 29S623. ROYAL 

TWT. Mu te n th T«dA. Fri 

7 JO. Draana Tomor. Sal 7.30. 

Thurs 1 30 Rbte f Tate, 
ThuraT 30. RMarriDSai 1.30 
Swan Tb aadra. Fair Male TO- 

■UR1L Fri 7 JO. Sto l.aORmr 

Tomor 1 30. 7.30 Sal 7JO 

Thura 7.30 


“The wry best of Brinm's 
rate ■atenf Drity Mall 




836 9987/6648 First can CC. 24 

bn 240 7200 (ME9 BML Evpc BA 

MOB Wad ZJO. Sri 6-<X BJO. 





**hhja N dmtac avcM 




Eves T JO Mats Wed a Sal 2M 
December 2&29JO Jan X A 2 
a«hr 7 d ay cc bfcpa urn extra 
charpe) an fTOSr call gap 7200 





racaoL AS 



AMO bonk. TtctHtmastB- 379 6433 

oc 854 0048. ce TKfcetmaiwr 379 
^m 6435. Fran 24 
1 3»d MteU Samoa | 

Dm uwl the witcm 

Ire CS LrwbH 
27 NOV at AJOl 

SW1 Ol 950 

7766/859 4465 CC Ol 579 
6G6S/6433. 741 9999. Cm Ol 

856^62. Mon-Fri 8.00 Writ Mar 

3JO Sate 8.00 A 8JO 



H BV JJB. Prion ey h 


*WUI*IL swi Ol 930 7768/ 
859 4465 OC Ol 379 6566/579 
6433. 741 9999 Op Sates 930 
6125/836 3960 


T ^AvigY d WTnrtno Comedy 

— ttm I MAS A 

6y Sbarman Marrtnnaia 

Jrnjnw 2 Dec - Opens 9 Dec 
7pm Mon-Fri ff S« 6JO A 8JO 
Wed man 3 

WVMMUNPS S 856 5028 CC 379 

6666/natama a eter 579 6453/lri 

Call 9 4hr 7 days 240 7200/741 
9999/thp Store 930 6123/836 
_ 5962. Eves 7.30. Sal man 3 
For a limited lemon (rant Tamar 



The Yaren «*■ H ite dln to 


By Henrik Ibni 
Directed by Etevtd Thacker 

VOUMG VK 928 6383 CC 379 
6433. The Y— Via Ca tea 
Wed A Fri mad 2pm 

youuq vie tSTuneo 92 s sans 


mmMd Hn • u 

a n r a mi ’* Gdn- Evm 8paa. 


Mcan Centre. EC2. OlASB 
4141. unm 4 Jan: Ml Rob- 
erts (1796-1864): priMtofle of 
Enrone A the Near East F" 
Ite HUB* by noraube Far* 
tribeswomen. Tore - Sd 10 - 
£48. Bon A B Hob 12-6JS. 
g—ad Maa d-ya. tone £2 A 
U. Reduced rare tor pre- 

BRnroR UBfluunr. cl rmu 

■at- wa ww a soim for 


BMPS. Moo-Sat ice. Son 
2JOO Attn tree. 

19 November - 14 December. 
Mon-Sal lO-BJO, Full IS Cat 
AvplL £7J0 IOC PAP. 

COUUUHH 14 Old Bond SL Wl. 
491 740B. An enhPriM nr 

Throuoh November and De- 
emto Mon-Fri 1O8J0: 

WE ART SOaCTY 148 Now 

Band Street. W. l . 01-629 Si in. 



nCSWMBS 191B-19S8.I 

- . — r ART 30 King SL, 

V*64. 170; percuna- of 




Until 22 Nov. . 




LY Ol 734 9052 Open (kUy la 
6 toeSra froauced rrea Sun 
UlUU 1461 — - 

•acb esttULl lajO^ei'-TO 
cc Doouno Ol 741 

mkany Arctat Tcb "SsonSq^ 

November dally, to - 8pm. 
Attn £t: done. sap. 

JALLCRT, 23/24 CortSL Wl 
Z*i 01 rf*«gl/aBKi Peter 

Cwttop : EMilMan Of HtuiUnp 

* riattro. 19th Nov” 

Stt Die. MOO- Fri 9 JO a m . 
ADO pjp. 



The NaOmau Museum of An & 

OglML S Kenamgtop. 

Recorded tofis Ol BBJ 4894. 

WMV8 IO - SJO. Sunt 2JO - 

BJO. Closed Fridays^ 

OALLBRY. 36 Store SL WC1. 
Tel: Ol- 636 4898. DAVW 
■ ni»R I» Vtewa or Egypt and 
OtoHaWLand Monday - Friday 
1&6: Sriundayg. IQ-i. 

MgWCOl ^” M ciSiM M A I 
■W UflM TODAY at 

Pm uteh ue ti. 32 81 Canape SL 
Mayirir Wl. 

ZAMAMA OALURT. l Cromwell 
CttrdriM. SW7. 884 6612. IS- 
TANBUL . a Photographic 
Journey through Turku* Ar- 
ChHemire. UntH is Jan. Tue- 
8ri 108 JO. Son 12-6-50 


Town ™>e 488 2443 Mm US) 
FMm at 2-25 4 JO 6 40 6.66 

t*W3_ 381 3742 MEM (l%.'nbn 
to 2-2S 4.30 6^0 HJ86 

«99 5737. Ctre^v Laranamna's 

« HM.MJ i^S* 

Tm« 8A5 Sato 11.50am A 
2 -a S P SEL® Mon - Wed A Fri 
5.4 5 Sn aidayi pm l at 
1 i<jon Pari 2 at 5.«s Twa- 
ly towarotma^jee the Him- s«d. 

gypy * Wl 439 4803. MBtoPe 
Shritt. Denholm EUtotL Jodi 


_ . (F®J- Ffini at l. 30 iNat 

Sun). 345. 6.10 A 8.40. 

"A aim aa i near to perfection m 
m POtotbte to contrive" 


g"?* yo to T Onmi Ofaahy 
?SS? 'a??S Drily Toft 

W8. 6.10. 8050. An pra- 

(PCL Film to 1.00 330 600 

(IS) Dally: 3XL 60. -• 

76971 MONA USA flSJ S*P 

SS 1 6 -°° e^OAD 

h no ktoite tn advance. 
1M . VNa Iriotowne 

ayalbtole Monday n SaT” 


aa ^^■ga-ss 


I - 

4 C 

■ ■ ■■*;' . 
a -S • . 

I < % 

1 *■ '. “ 
i ^ 

I 1 *' 
i " c- 


SwwJ -■-.•J’SwJ. 

** ’■*'■. r.*^' ^ 

w- - ' ,j. ,j5" ,• • 

d ~ ■ \, . i 

MM <■» r *^ ..* 

J5J, ■ .... ■»-_--■ 


• - -**T 


- • ^ ".r 


*»•** '<7. 
.« <• . . •" ■ 
, I*. J p 

J ~ ** # f ■> 

. ■*.<: 

.tn-f - ~ . 

*»•"*•-* 1 

•^‘ >-■ — 


1,7 •>- 

- ' ^ .*«? 3* 
-TV .#*?: 

P 1 

,.■ •■ ' ,y.' 

- **^V 


.•*- . % . . 

to all-black school churches 

*“■ nnhcredflcatteccabes. 
It all looked terribly wonky 
and not a tittle dtiD, and one 
began to see that this is 

precisely flie nwnolitb against 

which the ride boys are 
KdriEg: the Victorian low- 
church work-ethic of an older 

The opening sequence, fa 
which young white offenders 
shambled in for a dose of God 
at the hands of a Made gospel 
choir, promised -an fewle 
treatment which failed to 
materialize. “Since En gland 
forgot God, (he is paralyzed”, 
claimed a black minister in 
Brirton - and John Selwyn 
Gammer might well concur. 

The -late find Simeon 
Simcox snflered from terminal 
idealisa or, alternatively, psy- 
chotic monomania; next 
week’s final episode ot Parm- 
dise Postponed (Thames) will 
tell aO. MeuwUkb the secret 
of his yemne will drove his 
good doctor' son to gumshoe 
tactics, and we were left with 

the fairtnBrhig fm aj w . gf g 

white envelope to he opened 
for a consideration. 

This has not proved tn he a 
serial where one has felt the 
need to watch every last frame, 
amt its handsome locations 
amLworkmanfike script have 
been betrayed 1/ some pretty 
drab directing. J91 BenetfS 
Jazz A*e wooz fae ra is an 

Frits Thaulow/ 
Rayilions and 

Fine Art Society 

W e hardly need 
the news,- mote 
or. less constant 
these dam, of 
record paces in 
the sale-rooms for Orpen, 
Munmngs, Clausen and the 
like, to realize that an enor- 
mous revival of interest in 
British academic art from the 
first half of the 20th ceatmy is 
upon ns. One need only look 
at what is on offer in London’s 
commercial galleries, and the 
number of new galleries 
springing up with a proudly 
advertised specialization in 
“Modern British”- The as- 
tonishing thing is that there is 
so much to go round, kept in 
attics or ceHars or.the decaying 
studios of sometimes quite 
recently deceased artists. So 
mudi that it is easy to get tired 
of .the very idea of rediscov- 
eries and revaluations. Can 
they all really be so good and 


The answer, of course, is no, 
not all of them. But, once we 
have persuaded ourselves to 
look elsewhere than along the 
supposed high road to moct- 
ena&m, it is quite remarkable 
how much food painterly 
painting there is tobe found in 
the waits of artists labelled 
with sack mysterious initials 

and so too are 
ThreKiriTs New Tory vowdb. 


Suddenly, a modem look: Arthur Hayward's fanciful selfportrait as Ef Chtzrro 

RXOJP. or N.KA.C. (The 
catalogue to one current ex- 
hibition, Silver . Beds and 
Cockle Shells, very sensibly 
appends a short glossary.) 
Have you ever heard, for 
instance, of Dowlas Stuns 
Gray or John Alfred Haggis? 

And yet here are two per- 
fectly estimable painters m a 
solid academic tradition, 
roughly contemporary (Gray 
lived from 1890 to 1959, 
Haggis fixmi 1897 to 1968), 
whose works would not dis- 
grace any reasonably conser- 
vative collection, and are 
bound to give many people a 
lot of pleasure. Both are 
having their first one-man 
London shows in a very long ' 
time (perhaps ever). Gray at 
Spink until November 26, 
Haggis at the New Kings Road 
Gallery (number 293, to be 
precise) until November 29. 

. Gray is said to have been 
Sargent’s favourite pup S, and 
one can see a relationship — 
not so much, curiously, in the 
portraits, of which mere are 
several fine examples, as in 
die more informal pictures of 
his family, his honse and his 
garden in Oapham, and es- 
pecially in the townscapes 
such as JLd Madeleine, Mar- 

Covent Garden last night] 
production of one of the 
though Eva Randov£{ 

With the early departure of' 
GabrieK Benackova from the 
title-role the only truly Czech 
element remaining in Covent 
Garden’s new production of 
Jemifa, which opened last 
night, is the mezzo-soprano 
E va Randovi. She may five in 
Stuttgart now, but she spent 
her childhood and early pro- 
fessional lift in Czecho- 
slovakia and returns regularly 
to her native country. And ter 
association with Jemifa, Jani- 
dek’s first nunor success in the 
theatre, goes back over twenty 

The role of the Kostelni&a, 
who IriBs the baby of her 
stepdaughter Jen&fa and then 
seeks forgiveness, was one 
Mine Randovk sang at the 
very start of her career. She 
reckons ' that - she must, have 
been the youngest Ko stdm Ba 
ever to appear on stage arid 
that she was none too wise st 
the time to take it on. But in 
the beginning a singer, es- . 
pedafly in a . modest provin- 
rial theatre, has to take what is 
on offer. She then dropped the 
Kostdnfeka from her rep- 
ertoire in favour of younger 
roles for a coupteof decades, 
although she did record it for 
Charles Mackerras. 

The role in German par- 
lance is hochdramatackSDa 
sits in the crossover ter ritory 
between soprano and mezzo. 



Festival Hall - , 

Voices make a contribution 
cut of all proportion to. their 
extent is ibe last- two move- 
ments of Mahler’s . “Resir- 
rectien" Symphony, where he. 
had seed of them to make 
explicit mWds what other- 
wise he sought only in n at* 
verbal expression at the 
outset, : The awakening to 
“Urhcht” in the contralto solo 
of the fourth mowmem fights 
the beanos of a return in tire 
choral finale from - his earlier 
dark world *jho longer sepa- 
rated by spaas hrid time . . 

The singers with the Royal 
Philharmonic Orchestra . on 
Sunday night, were Eke pilots 
m restoring the coarse of 
marie which ui previous 
movements seemed unsureof 
its intentions. It was aot mat 
Yuri Tesmtemov's c onduct s 

ing was ^maware of iter work s 

epic dimensofls, but in ebart- 

Aray Shuard was the readent 
KosldniHa at Coyent Gar- 
den, Astrid Varnay once 
reigned at the Met and; in 

Czechoslovakia itself there 

was Nadezfada Kniplovfi. Eva 
Randovfi now ledums that 
she is ready for the part but, 
probably out of deference to 
Ashley Putnam, who has re- 
placed BenackovS, refuses to 
claim that it is mime im- 
portant than Jenflfh herself 
But -she does point out that in 
Czechoslovakia Jemifa & not 
Jen&fa but Jqi pastorkyM — 
Her Stepdaughter. That may 
be indication enough, but it is 
known that JauSEek m 
constructing his several drafts 
of the fiteoto did somewhat 
blacken the character of the 
KosteIni(3ca fromthe original 
play and novel while whiten- 
ing a little that of Jenftfe. 

- Covenl Garden’s produc- 
tion Is being staged by Yuri 
Lyubimov, one of the fieriest 
and most controversial old 
director-lions. But Ins view of 
Jeh^a islikely tobe a Russian 
rather than a Czech one. 
Randovri says that he is an 
• “inspiring man to work with”. 

“Lyubimov from the start 
fl gririgd ffatt Jemifa should 
have no identifiable location. . 
It could just as weQ take place 
in the Ukraine or Wales as in 
Moravia. Poverty, he bdieves, 
is the controlling force. He has 

ing the . ground-plan . tfemsijfa 
its five movements he did not, 

. it seemed to me, relate one te 
the next in a cotereht unfold- 
ing of Mahferis .quite literal 
concern with life and deatlfc 

After an insecure start, at 
the outset of a; -movement 
which, according to the com- 
poser, arose from his self-, 
questioning about man’s eon- 
n tming foe perfor- 

mance began to gather mo- 
along with a liking on the 
conductors part- for bold 

-poster-pamtimtrumental col- 
ours at foe dimaxes. Is foe 
following dance movement 
foe inherent wistfolness was 
effectively -caught in spite of 
some laboured ihythm. 

Mr Temiricanov reserved 
bis repertory of more idio- 
syncraric. ffsrnes of tead, 
tends and torso for foe third 
movement's **$pirit of un- 
belief* with which Mahler . 
infiiwd foe theme of his 
Wi mderhom song : o.f St ; 
Anthon^s sermon ; to foe 
fishes: . Bin ndfoer the . in- 
tended triviality, of foe. steazy- 
brass writing nor foe huge 

“In my childhood music 
was fonmnaied by Smetana, 
foe national hero, and Dvo- 
rak - with JanSCek coming 
some way bdtirid. But when I 
arrived in'! Ostrava, which 
after all. has our third hugest 
opera house even though it 
might not be too^ well known 
in Britain, 1 found a complete 
Jan&ek .cycle, just as there 
was in Brno. At that time in 
Prague there would probably 
only have been a couple oflns 
operas in foe repertory.” 

Eva Randova was bom in 
Kotin, a small town to the east 
of Prague, and grew up in Usti 
nad Labem dose to the East 
German border and Dresden 

orchestral outbursts had more 

than - mild effect, and Sarah* 

■ Walker’s “Uriicht" solo inter- 
posed like -a. welcome bene- 

The / finale brought un- 
resolved problems of in- 
strumental balance, parti- 
cularly in rdation to foe 
of&tage brass. They may have 
been m dose touch with the 
conductor on dosed-cinmrt 
cameras, but they were often 
tepefy audible in foe hall The 
Brighton Festival Chorus sang 
foe setting of Klopstock’s 
“Resurrection Ode” with fine 
tone and shafting, and Kriren 
Mattfla’s soprano soared 
beautifully over than, bui the 
prosaic peribrinance meant 
that Mahler's testament of' 
belief was left to sound like 
only a slogan in E flat 

Noel Goodwin 

Tedd Joselson ; 
Elizabeth Hall%;; 

It .was disappointing that the 
American pianist Tedd Josel- 

tigues, from his solitary paint- 
ing trip abroad in 1923. There 
is a verve and skill and feeling 
for atmosphere here which go 
well beyond the merely deriv- 
ative. Haggis' led a more 
wandering existence, pending 
some years in Australia and, 
later, studying in Paris. His 
style is somewhat influenced 
by I mpr e ssi onism in the vir- 
tuoso treatment of light, es- 
pecially on water, but foe 
foundation of all his work is a 
very crisp, English sort of 
draughtsmanship and a gentle 
pastoral vision of life. No 
tremendous revelation, but an 
artist whom, on the strength of 
this show, it will be veiry good 
to know and recognize. 

T he interest is re< 
infbrced and ex- 
tended in two mixed 
shows at galleries we 
regularly -associate 
with foepenod and foe range 
of styles: Silver Bells and 
Cockle Shells at Whitfoni and 
Hughes , until Saturday, and 
Irish Renascence, at Pyms 
Gallery until November 29. 

Whitford and Hughes are 
partfenZsiiy strong on British 
Impressionists and Ptist-Im- 
pressioniSts, who, if they did 

not begin as academically 
respectable m the 1890s and 
1900s. very soon got there as 
the New English Art Club, 
originally a dissident organ- 
ization, settled into a sensible 
middle age of friendliness with 
foe Academy. Recent years 
have in any case seen a change 
in our perspective on repres- 
entational, and specifically 
realistic, art of the inter-war 
period, as non-Paris-based 
groups like the Neue Sach- 
lichkeit in Germany have 
proved upwardly mobile. And 
it is very interesting to look 
again, in this context, at 
painters like Dod Proctor, 
with her cool-toned, meticu- 
lous nudes like Light Sleep, or 
Arthur Hayward, repnsented 
with one of his fhnaful self- 
portraits in exotic attire, El 
Charro. Not long ago these 
would have seemed merely 
passe; now they look amaz- 

ingly modem. 

We know that the Irish were 
in certain respects at this, 
period more enterprising than 
the En glish. Pyms’ recent 
exhibition of Mary Swanzy 
provided a vivid demonstra- 
tion of this, and further ev- 
idence, if .needed, may be 
found in the Irish Renascence- 

decided to cut foe action off 
from Czech fife and turn it 
into an international drama. 
There is certainly no smell of 
Moravia. - 

Perhaps behind these re- 
marks is a sense of regret, 
because Eva Randovfr knows 
the smell °f Moravia well, 
quite apart from the feet that it 
was foe province in 1 which 
.Janfifiek was borii. It was in 
Ostrava, a town in northern 
Czechodovakia dose to the 
Polish frontier, that she sang 
- her first operatic roles, induct- 
ing the KostefaiiCka. And it 
was Ostrava, together with erf 
course Brno, that started 
championing Jandfiefc before 


'A. v 

••• 1 ’ * ■■ > 

■ r . . . ><*' * v 

• * v .-y i • «.*v - ; 

, ■« — — . 

»V *tJ"K 

. ".*u ' • "*•» ^ ' ~ . 

■ , ? --v .W . '■n-.M 
. m. •/*’* **ij 

* 4 . , 

show, notably is the works of 
Maixue Jeflett and Evie Hone 
(better known for her stained 
glass), who were to Gkdzes 
very much what Swanzy was 
to Delaunay. But most of foe 
material in the show is of a 
more conservative cast. 

At foe Fine Art Society we 
might expect to find foe 
Scottish equivalent, in the 
work of foe Glasgow Boys and 
such, in feci some of it is 
included in foe Painting in 
Scotland 1800-1930 snow, 
which continues until Friday 
to offer a sort of informal 
chronological foiiow-up to 
Painting in Scotland: The 
Golden Age, already reviewed 
from the Edinburgh Festival 
and now at the Tate until 
January 4. But most of the 
gallery is occupied with two 
□ew shows, both on until 
December 6, Frits Thaulow 
and Savilious and Wedgwood. 

Thaulow (1847-1 906) was a 
Norwegian landscapist who 
travelled extensively, had 
considerable influence on the 
turn-of-tbe-century Scottish 
painters and incidentally, as a 
dose friend of Monet, was 
respo usable for his painting 
trip to Norway. Though 
Thaulow was something of a 
mentor to Munch, his own 
work is soberly situated in a 
son of international early- 
impressionist tradition, gen- 
erally attractive but at its most 
personal when depicting snow i 
scenes or capturing the elusive 
effects of moonrise in North- 
era France. 

The Ravihous exhibition 
downstairs provides an in- 
teresting footnote to the 
Redfem’s fascinating Design 
show, reminding ns again how 
much of the best commercial 

awrf industrial fa this 

country between the wars was 
the work of artists more 
usually associated with the 
Fine Aits. The centrepiece is 
an extensive fosplay of Eric 
Ravflious’s designs for Wedg- 
wood china, to mark foe 
publication of the Dalrymple 
Press’s dim but resplendent 
volume Ratilious and Wedg- 
wood, a complete record of the 
collaboration, exquisitely pro- 
duced (£54). But there is also 
related work by Enid Marx, 
Edward Bawden, Maxwell 
Armfield and others, all dem- 
onstrating the kind of mind- 
expansion which may result 
when lofty talents are applied 
to humble purposes. 

John Russell 




itself There was a theatre 
playing opera to hand and she 
started going there when she 
was eight And she will return 
to Usti next month for an 
anniversary concert What she 
learnt in those early years, she 
believes, was a competitive 

: “We were brought up to 
compete against one another 
in everything: music, school 
lessons, sport You strived to 
be best whether it was at piano 
or at swimming. (She gave up 
piano feiriy earfy on, but was a 
Czech; national swimming 
champion.] I’m deeply grate- 
ful for that I ti»nk it strength- 
ens you in all ways — 
physically, mentally.” Now 
that would scarcely please 

son drew a comparatively 
sparse audience for his Sun- 
day afternoon recital He is a 
robust daring player — strong 
in mind and sinew — and 
certainly worth two hours of 
anyone’s time. 

He made his name in the big 
Romantic war-horses, work- 
ing his way back to foe Mozart 
repertoire, he now increasingly 
favours. This retrospective ap- 
proach was evident in Moz- 
art's Sonata in D, K3II. No 
limpid stream, this: Joselson 
quested continually, varying* 
weight, distribution from bar 
to bar, accelerating hungrily 
into the Scarlatti-styie figura- 
tion, projecting even the 
Andante's gentle melody with 
a sharp-toned sense of drama. 

- To watch him is to sense an 
enormous physical as well as 
mental effort. It is not, I 
think, affectation .that . his 
torso continues to shudder for 
some seconds , after a move- 
ment's end, or that several 
times in Prokofiev's Sixth 
Sonata he rose completely off 
the stool to slam foe . foil 
body- weight on some shock 

Brent Council’s Education 

After a brief spcD with foe 
Frankfurt Opera Randovfi be- 
came associated with Stutt- 
gart, where she has specialized 
in the German-East European 
repertory with excursions into 
Verdi “I need to sing more 
Verdi In foe West they type- 
cast you: once you have sung 
Kostelni&ka every house 
wants you as KostemiCka and 
nothing else.” And a question 
on which role changed her 
career provokes the reply: 
“The first I ever sang — EboK 
[Don Carlo] in Ostrava. That 
was number one and it is still 
the most rewarding." There is 
a healthy streak of defiance in 
toe mezzo from Kotin. { 

This magnificent work de- 
mands such commitment, of 
course, and Josdson’s hard- 
driven, hugely accented ap- 
proach - particularly to foe 
outer movements — had rare 
excitement. One has heard 
performances that better em- 
phasize foe sardonic knife- 
edge in die music, rather than 
the brute sledge-hammer. But 
Joselson did at feast scale (he 
Allegretto's ending down 
'beautifully, paving tiro way for 
that disturbingly dark-toned 

That he played Schubert's 
“Wanderer* Fantasy in much 
the same manner indicates 
that be is not a pianist who 
cares much for received wis- 
doms. This was savage, coura- 
geous music-making. More 
caution would perhaps have 
dimrnated some of the octave 
“dingers” in the final section, 
but would also have caged a 
free spirit that should be 
encouraged to roam where it 


Richard Morrison 

Swan Lake 
New Theatre, Cardiff 

The Royal Ballet’s two com- 
panies have both acquired 
American principal dancers 
tills season. Cynthia Harvests 
arrival at Covent Garden is 
followed by Joseph CipoQa 
joining Sadler’s WeQs Royal 
Ballet. His reputation came 
before him because, as the first 
white leading man in the 
mainly Mack Dance Theatre 
of Harlem, he has already 
been admired by London aoefi- 
ences daring two Coiiseam 

Qpolla's d€bnt with his new 
company was on Saturday 

night Jn ParHiffj d a HO ft g hfe 

first complete Swan Lake (one 
act only was in the Harlem 
repertory): a pretty big role 
and — to make things harder — 
on a fairly small stage. There 
was Btde room to let f ; »gs rip 
during his solos, but all his 
dancing was strong, clean and 
nicely finished. More im- 
portant, given the change to a 
company ef different tra- 
ditions and style, is that his 

manner all fitted into Peter 
Wright's production as weQ as 
his partner, Sberflyn Ken- 
nedy, who has been dancing in 
it ever since the premiere fibre 
years ago. 

At the matinte, the leads 
were taken by two other 
dancers who have came to 
them only during the present 
tour. Iain Webb, like Cip Oa, 
takes a very romantic view of 
Siegfried (both men make 
convincing the grief at a 
father’s death from which they 
are won by Odette’s love). | 
Webb’s dancing is attractively 
light and easy, every move- 
ment composed with an eye to 
the balance of pose or gesture. 
Mayako YosJuda, dancing 
with him, was precipitated into 
the ballerina part because a 
colleague was mtwelL She 
needs more time to develop 
expressiveness in it, but she 
already dances with strength 
and a pleasant sensitivity in 
the use of her hands daring 
Act n to hint at the troubling 
of a swan's feathers. 

It was encouraging to leant 
that the entire Cardiff week 
was sold out before it opened. 
Swan Lake is given again this 
week at Oxford and next week 
at Eastbourne. 


Don Qnichotte 
Liceu, Barcelona 

An unhidebouud policy of 
buying in foreign productions, 
coupled with a willingness to 
indulge the more eccentric 
tastes of local stars, produces a 
rather extraordinary repertory 
at the Gran Teatxe del Liceu. 
The current season has 
opened with the Faggioni 
production of Don Quichotte 
from the Fenice, which is to be 
followed by the Neapolitan El 
capvespre dels aCus (for 
wagnerianismos is still strong 
in this city) and Gluck's 
Armide mounted for Mont- 
serrat Caballe, who later in the 
season will be presenting her- 
self still more curiously as 
Sappho in the Pacini opera. 

Don Quichottehss of course 
a certain local relevance, 
though the proudly nationalist 
Catalans would probably deny 
they had any more connection 
with Cervantes than with 
Massenet: the choice of this 
opera might even have been 
influenced by such a feeling. 
Piero Faggioni, however, is 
concerned to expose what he 
can of Cervantes within Mas- 
senet, or at feast to make foe 
opera more complicated than 
it quite feds comfortable 

He opens the evening with 
the ruminative prelude to the 
fifth act, which accompanies a 
mime of Don Quixote leafing 
through dusty folios and smil- 
ing wistfully at his armour. 
The propped-up books look 
ratter like tombstones, and 
there is a sense of Quixote 
being already at the point of 
death (indeed we return to this 
scene when he is, in the now 
very short final act). Most of 
what happens is the wishful 
thinking of a dying man, and 
takes place largely in grey 
costumes and decors, under 
silvery illumination suggest- 
ing a dream play by moonlight 

This atmosphere is nicely 


The Girls in the 
Big Picture 
Prill Hall 

The Charabanc Theatre Com- 
pany of Belfast is to be 
congratulated on at long last 
emerging from its contem- 
porary, urban preoccupations 
with a play set in a small 
market town in the early 
1960s. Nicely observed 
though it is, the new work pays 
the penalty for ploughing a 
safe furrow — the suspicion 
that we have seen it all 
somewhere before. 

Devised by the company 
and written by Marie Jones 
(whatever that precisely 
means), foe piece conjures a 
rural limbo of low horizons 
and long courtships, in which 
the fore-monthly “basket- 
tea” — at which the single men 
bid for the prepared food 
baskets of foe single women, 
with whom they then dance 

the whole of the evening - 

assumes the status of a major 

The girls of the title are 
three friends in their thirties 
looking down from their shelf 
with growing dismay. Two of 
them run a decidedly under- 

sustained by most of the 
“sculptures" by Giovanni 
Gianese. It seems a bit un- 
necessary that Don Quixote 
should have the front half of 
Pegasus to ride about on at the 
beginning and end of foe main 
action, but his Rosinanie, and 
Sancho Panza’s donkey, are 
wonderfully miserable crea- 
tures. The windmills too, 
though they do not look at all 
like Spanish ones, are imagi- 
natively supplied by shadows 
and by rotating sails at each 
side of the stage. 

All this gives a strong 
impression of toe opera as 
coming out of the hero's head, 
but at the same time it is being 
presented very consciously as 
a theatrical performance for 
foe chorus, dressed as an 
audience of 1910. Faggioni's 
point is that the bourgeoisie, 
in summer whites, re main as 
onlookers (they spend most of 
the time on a high balcony at 
the back) while foe rougher 
elements are ready to join in- 
But, quite apart from its 
triteness, this is an idea that 
could be applied to any stage 
work, and it hardly has much 
to contribute here. The best 
that can be said is that it does 
not get in foe way loo much. 

Nothing at all gets in the 
way of the two central perfor- 
mances, which completely 
dominate, foe musical aspect 
of the production. Ruggero 
Raimondi's voice, strong, . 
fine-edged and gritty like 
carborundum, is an excellent 
instrument for conveying the 
wild, blinkered enthusiasm of 
Don Quixote, and tbe r in- 
security. Gabriel Bacquier 
provides a Sancho of contrast- 
ing bluff roundedness, though 
rising to a iwwerful lyricism at 
the end of the fourth act The 
Dulcinea is the young Colom- 
bian mezzo Martha Senn, who 
projects a confident joy, even 
though there is still a sharp 
disparity between her bright 
upper voice and smoky lower 
register. The orchestra, under 
the French conductor Alain 
Guingal, come most fully 
alive m the dances. 

Paul Griffiths 

patronized cafe, foe third lives 
on a dairy form with her 
widowed mother and a youn- 
ger brother who goes in for ■ 
rock ’n’ roll talent contests. 
The biggest picture in foeir 
drab fives is that on the screen 
of the local cinema, where the 
usherette dispenses parochial 
gossip and blithely mins the 
film by keeping up a running 
commentary on foe plot 

Into this stagnant pond 
drops a Bryicreemed talent- ‘ 
scout who eggs on foe would- 
be Elvis and tantalizes foe 
maidens with romantic over- 
tures. Predictably, the dead- 
ening ties of habit prove too 
strong, and by foe dose foe 
siblings have each declined 
into marriage. 

Andy Hinds's production 
convincingly evokes the de- 
pressing pettiness of this set- 
ting, where awkward pauses . 
are underscored by foe re- 
morseless tick of foe farm- 
house dock, and where a 
bitter row can flare up over the 
gift of a tin of Quality Street 
Eleanor Methven, Eamonn 
Hunt and Martin Maguire 
lead a quality company, but 
some of foe accents are laid on 
with a shovel Religion, 
uniquely in my experience of 
Ulster theatre, scarcely gets a 

Martin Cropper 









SeS-g-'? »£§ Srl&Bi* « ?§§■■§£ 5,&S'?i{S 5&3S.> 



# it -fr * * # 


The key to the door of No 10 

O n Britain’s electoral 
register there are 
6.428.200 18 to 24- 
year-olds, some 16 
per cent of the total 
electorate. They 
form a constituency which could 
settle the next election. But how 
are they to be wooed? Labour 
plumps for an upbeat image, while 
a Tory minister has said: “What 
we need is some top-heavy 
coalminer's daughter.” 

Traditionally, the parties have 
ten campaigning among the young 
to their respective youth wings. 
Each party has two youth 
branches, a student branch and a 
constituency association branch. 
In the Labour Party, for instance, 
the former is constituted by the 
National Organisation of Labour 
Students, and the latter by the 
Young Socialists. 

Now that this section of the 
electorate has become so im- 
portant each party's youth wings 
are being faded into the back- 
ground, as their centralised elec- 
toral machines crank up. The 
recently elected Conservative 
Youth Committee, for instance, 
contains no representatives horn 
the National Young Conser- 
vatives (NYCs), and the 
controversial Federation of 
Conservative Students (FCS) has 
just been disbanded. 

It is the left, rather than the 
right, which has been setting the 
pace. The Labour Party launched 
Red Wedge in June of last year, 
attempting to attract young voters 
through the use of pop performers 
like Billy Bragg and Paul Weller. 
Lynne Franks, formerly one of 
Labour's PR agents who pro- 
moted Red Wedge, says: “The 
Labour Party reached the Eighties 
and discovered pop as a way of 
reaching young voters of the 

Others, however, are less enthu- 
siastic about Labour’s exploita- 

The Sixties baby boom has produced an enormous new electorate for the Eighties. Toby Young and Roland Rudd 
assess how the major parties are gearing up to woo this powerful new constituency of more than six million voters 

tion of youth culture to attract 
young voters. According to Steven 
Pope, deputy editor of New Social- 
ist: “The Labour Party didn’t have 
the faintest idea what was going 
on. It was youth that took the 
initiative — the party just cynically 
used it to give themselves a gloss.” 

“Whenever the political parties 
make any attempt to enter into 
dialogue with young people," 
observes Mark Jones, associate 
editor of Campaign, "it ends up 
sounding like a Radio One agony 
aunt phone-in programme.” 

There is nothing particularly 

new about political parties relying 
on pop performers to boost then- 
image with the young. Harold 
Wilson nominated the Beatles for 
OBEs for precisely that reason. 
“Before that. Prime Ministers had 
never been interested in pop 
stars,” comments columnist Brian 
Walden, who was a Labour MP at 
the time. “It was an important 
innovation then, very typical of 
the great party manager at his 

Nevertheless, the apparent suc- 
cess of the Labour Party in wooing 
the IS to 24-year-old electorate 

presents a striking contrast to the 
Conservative's youth rally in 1983 
when, in conjunction with PR 
man Bev Walker, the party 
wheeled on a number of show 
business personalities. Kenny 
Everett’s comment — “let's bomb 
Russia” — was received with so 
much enthusiasm by Young 
Conservatives that the whole 
event became a major source of 
embarrassment to the 

More recently, Neil Kirin ock 
introduced a new dement into 
Labour’s campaign by attacking 

vative Party 1 
“anti-young”. Certainly, die To-, 
ries have an enormous credibility' 
problem among young voters, 
having foiled to stem rising un- 
employment among school leav- 
en. and cutting student grants. 

According to Barry Delaney, of 
the advertising agency Delaney, 
Fletcher and Delaney: I There was 

years when it wasconsic/ared'c^c 
to declare yourself for Mrs 
Thatcher. But Live Aid and Sport 
Aid have put an end to that” 

With all the media coverage of 

heroin addiction, inner-city 
deprivation, and child-abuse, 
there is a danger that young 
people, being too young to remem- 
ber the “winter of discontent” 
under Labour a decade ago, will 
see seven years of Thatcherism as 
having brought diem a series of 
short sharp, shocks. 

The Alliance, on the other band, 
has a "street credibility” problem 
— they are the least fashionable of 
the three political groupings. As 
Danny Fmklestein, the 24-year- 
old former chair of the Young 
Social Democrats put it: “We have 

yj- . »• -<■ 

John Bercow’s office at 
Conservative Party head- 
quarters used to be a broom 
cupboard. It is still used to 
store bin-liners. Yet until last 
week this unlikely setting was 
the headquarters of die 
Federation of Conservative 
Students (FCS), and Beicow 
was its 23-year-old President. 

“I'll stay on as an adviser to 
the Conservative Collegiate 
Forum, which is replacing the 
FCS. Quite honestly, I won't 
be sorry to see the back of this 

“We won't be ignoring our 
members, now that the FCS 
has ceased to be. They'll all be 
affiliated to the Forum and 111 
be «™ding them our aews- 
tetters. I'm sad that the party 
chairman has abolished as. 
but be had to do it Our nest 
has been soiled by a few 
recalcitrant individuals.” 

The decision to disband tire 
Federation was the latest step 
in the Conservatives' attempt 
to dean up their image among 
young voters. 

Last month, the Conser- 
vatives set np a “youth 
committee” a small think- 
tank chaired by the Transport 
Minister, John Moore. He has 
managed to attract several 
youth specialists on to his 
group, known inside Conser- 

to make do with avenue cred.” 

Among 18 to 24-year old voters, 
the Alliance foils to pick up 
defectors from either of the other 
two parties. According to Barry 
Delaney. “Young people have 
traditionally attached themsdves 
to radical causes. If they become 
disill usioned with the Conser- 
vative Party they tend to swing 
straight over to Labour, and vice 
versa. The Affiance is simply not 
well placed to pick up defectors 
Rom either party in this age 


like the other two parties, the 
Alliance regards its ability to 
appeal to young voters as the add 
test of its communication skills. 
They are assembling a group of 
people under the auspices of Nik 
Alexander, foe director of the 
Virgin Design Clinic, who will 
attempt to appeal to young people 
in a youth medium. And 
yesterday's appointment of 
advertising man David Abbott as 
the Alliance advertising director 
reflects the concern over its poor 
standing with the young. 

B ob Geldof is claimed 
by foe SDP as a 
supporter, thoiuh he 
has not confirmed 
this, and the biggest 
SDP celebrity so for is 
John Cleese, who appea red in a 
television commeiriaL Irrespec- 
tive ofhow clever each of the party 
ca m p ai g ns is, however, it ought to 
be borne in mind that, even after 
they've signified a preference, the 
political allegiance of this volatile 
constituency cannot be taken for 

“They are the joker m foe 
pack,” says Brian Gosschalk, head, 
of political research at MORL 
“their turn-out can’t be taken for 
granted, many of them have never 
voted before, but they could be 
crucial. They are notoriously diffi- 
cult to pin down.” 

vative headquarters as foe 
“Yap Committee”. 

And some more glamorous 
people have been brought in, 
like Debbie Moore, loonier of 
Pineapple Studios, and Miles 
Copeland, manager of the 
Police. Sportswomen Suzanne 
Dandoand Shanoo Davies, as 
well as Bev Be van, the drum- 
mer from the Electric Light 
Orchestra are also known to 
be interested. 

Bat the youth committee is 
just as remarkable for its 
omissions — Shirley Stotfer, 
Director of Youth in Central 
Office, has not been included, 
nor have either Jane Stott or 
Mark Worral, her assistants. 

Mote important, however, is 
the exclusion of the NYCs. 
The reason is that the YCs are 
extremely “wet” and opposed 
to several Government 

The Young Conservatives 
may foil in with foe party 
orthodoxy, now that the FCS 
has been removed, tint there is 
little prospect of Richard 
Fuller, their chairman, being 
asked on to the youth commit- 

The committee is expected 
to come op with several initia- 
tives to attract young voters, 
including de-regulation of the 

Chairman: Peter Morrison, 
deputy-chairman of the 
Conservative Party. 
Membership: National 
committee of 20, hand-picked 
by Monism, unlike FCS 
committee which was elected. 
But it is Intended that the 
14.000 former FCS members 
win be affiliated. 

Finance: FCS used to get 
£30,000 a year from Tory Cen- 
tral Office. CCFs budget 
not known yet 
Pofifical allegiance: Given 
that the FCS was abolished be- 
cause its party allegiance 
could not be guaranteed, the 
CCF is bound to follow the 
party line. 

Chahman: Richard Fuller. 
Membership: Official es- 
timate is 30,000. 

Finance: Central Office will 
not disclose how much Is given 
to the YCs but senior YCs 

19^2-84 forced them to set 
up their own trust fond. 
Campaigns: YCs aim to win 
over young people and cam- 
paign for their interests in- 
side the party. 

Poetical aflegisnee: YCs are 
"wet", backing Peter Walker’s 
■‘pragmatic Toryism." Rich- 
ard Fuller blames the Right for 
his party's low standing 
with the young. 

“We're very proad of foe work 
we’ve done he/e,” says Sally 
Morgan, the 24-year-oM stu- 
dent coordinator off the Labour 
Party's youth campaign. “Un- 
like in the Conservatives, 
there is considerable coopera- 
tion between foe different 
youth wings here. We're all 
firmly committed to getting 
Kinsock into No 10.” 

The headquarters of the 
National Organisation of La- 
bour Students, where Sally 
works, is far larger than John 
Bercow’s in the Conservative 
Party. As many as seven 
people at a time work there, 
something which could only be 
repeated in Bercow’s office 
during a game of sardines. 

“Having the patronage of 
BQly Bragg, Paul Weller and 
Jerry Hammers,” says Sally, 
“has been an enormous boost 
to our campaign. Red Wedge 
(the pop stars' collective which 
has spearheaded Labour's 
campaign) has ambled us to 
reach lots of young people who 
wouldn’t otherwise be in- 
terested in politics.” 

Labour has made a remark- 
able turn-around in gaining 
the support of foe majority of 
foe I8r to 24-year-old constit- 
uency. In 1983 they polled a 
derisory 33 per cent; now, 
according to foe recent 

Tuner/MORI surrey, they en- 
joy the support of 49 per cent 

Though Red Wedge is 
hailed as a success by all 
concerned. Labour's standing 
among foe young was rising 
from the 1983 km before Red 
Wedge was formed and has 
added only 2 pa- cent since. 

However, it has been foe 
apparent success of Red 
Wedge which has moved the 
other two parties to action. 
“Central Office is casting 
about like crazy for some top- 
heavy coat-miner’s daughter to 
take on BOly Bragg,” Tory 
John Biffen aid recently. 

Labour has the advantage off 
a particularly cooperative 
youth group in the form of 
NOI£, which is my sympa- 
thetic towards Nefl Banach. 
And they have some influence 
over the 1,250,000 students 
affiliated to the National 
Union of Students. 

But before Inborn draws too 
much comfort, a cautionary 
note ought to be struck. In foe 
last four weeks of the 1983 
election campaign, the com- 
bined efforts of foe Conser- 
vative and Alliance's electoral 
machines managed to reduce 
Labour's standing among 18 to 
24-year-olds from 45 per cent 
to 33. So the fickleness of the 
age group must worry Labour. 

Chairman: Ben Lucas. 
Member sh ip: Claims 
10,000. NOLS has effective 
control of the National 
Union of Students' member- 
ship of 1,250,000. 

Finance: Party gives it 
£13,000 a year. 

Campaigns: NOLS or- 
ganized question-and-answer 
sessions with MPs and . 
teenagers called Labour Lis- 
tens to Youth. Helped form 
Red Wedge. 

Political allegiance: Claims 
to be left of tne party but firmly 
backs Kirmock. 


Chairman: John EHen. 
Member sh ip: No official 
ures, estimates between 
and 15,000. 

Finance: Party tending 
down dramatically since 1981 
as Labour's national exec- 
utive moved Right YS now 


ipaigns: Avoids single- 
issue campaigns, s tresses the 
htter-connecbon of different 
poetical problems. 

Political allegiance: Fran- 
cis Curran, former YS repre- 
sentative on the NEC’s 
youth sub-committee, says. 
The vast majority of Young 
Socialists are one, working 
class, and two, support the 
ideas of Militant" 

“I’m net a ynppy,” pretests 
Simon Lems, 27-year-old 

rnmnunriraHmK directs for 

foe SDP. “Thafs a pejorative 
term, isn't it? 

“Without a doubt the SDP 
hasn't been patting its mes- 
sage across as effectively as it 
could have been,” he says. 
Lewis cat his political teeth 
working for Senator Bill Brad- 
ley in Washington, and he has 
a solid background in PR. 
“What we need is a few 
snappy captions which encap- 
sulate our policies. • 

“On- latest bid for yomg 
voters, foe Sound and vision 
campaign, was produced on 
video, using state-of-the-art 
techniques, and it was 
targetted at an identifiable 
section of foe electorate.” 

It is mitikeiy, however, that 
even Lewis's media savvy can 
turn round foe fortunes of the 
Alliance, which is trailing 
third amoug die young. 

The Alliance got off to a 
shaky start in the colleges, 
because of a split between 
Union of Liberal Students and 
foe SDP Students. But now 
there is more cooperation. 

The liberals have been 
much less active than their 
partners in wooing die youth 
vote dne to foe hostility of 
then radical youth wings. 

Chute: Dave Hodgason (YSD) 
and Andrew Hartley (SDPS). 
Memberships: No precise 

£2£00 a year each 
from the party. 

Campaigns: 1 1 Youthblitz’ ’ 
(1985) and “Sound and Vision” 
this year. 

Paracel allegiance: Conflict 
not so much with the parties as 
between the groups combined 
and SDP hq ■'mandarins." ' 

Chute: Fo0x Dodds (YLJ, Sheila 
Cunliffe (ULS). 

Memberships: YL about 2JXJ0, 
ULS about 2500. 

Finance: YLs £1,300 a year 
from the party, ULS £3,000. 
C a m pai gns: YLs back single- 
issue campaigns. 

Pofitieal allegiance: YLs re- 
cently warned by Alan Beith, 
deputy party leader, not to 
emulate the hard left. But YLs . 
spurn leadership to pursue 
radical policies. 


The town and 
gown battle 
for the young 

Marriott Hotels 
Christmas and 
New Year Sale. 

Weekends: £ 49-00 a night. 
Weekdays up to 50% off. 

PARIS, Avenue George V: LONDON, Grosvenor Square: 
AMSTERDAM, Leidseplein: ATHENS, Syngrou Avenue: VIENNA, Parkring, 

Take advantage of our seasonal offers 
to tie up business, visit family and friends or 
celebrate Christmas and the New Year in a 
luxurious 5-star setting. 

Conveniently located close to Europe's 
leading stores. Marriott hotels are ideal if 
you’re shopping for presents or looking for 
bargains in the sales. With our warm, relaxing 
atmosphere and special prices, we’re ex- 
tending the season of goodwill to everyone. 

For details and reservations, contact 
your travel agent or ’phone: 

London 01-439 0281 

‘Prices subject to local tax and law. Offer 
available from 15 November 1986 until 51 
January' 1987. 

•Reductions may vary from hotel to hotel 
and are subject to availability. 

•Weekday rate applies Monday through to 
Thursday, inclusive. 

•Weekend rate applies Friday through to 
Sunday, inclusive. 

•Maximum of three persons to a room. 

No groups. 

•Offer does not apply to TWA ( BGO ) 



Gunning for the godfathers 

Three New York 

crime bosses are 

waiting to hear the 

verdict in the first 

trial to accept the 

Mafia's existence 

Joseph Bonanno, they say, is 
hearing footsteps. The 82- 
year-old former Mafia boss 
preferred cot to testify against 
his erstwhile henchmen and 
chose instead to go to prison 
for contempt of court. But 
even in the silence of his cell 
Bonanno thinks be can detect 
the approach of the assassin. 

Bonanno" s mistake was his 
vanity. In the years which 
followed the romantic portrait 
of the Mafia in The Godfather, 
New York’s racketeers be- 
came more audacious. In 1983 
Bonanno published an auto- 
biography. A Man of Honor ; 
about his years with the mob. 
Rudolph Gi uliani, senior dis- 
trict attorney for Manhattan, 
realized that Bonanno's 
disclosure of the existence of 
the Commission, the Mafia's 
ruling body, opened the way 
for a new style of prosecution. 
.And last week the jury went 
out to consider its verdict in a 
trial which has been described 
as the most significant in US 
mob history. 

When The Godfather was 
being filmed on life streets of 
New York 15 years ago, the 
producers agreed to delete the 
word “Mafia” from the script 
in return for the co-operation 
of the Iialian-American Civil 
Rights League. Such reticence 
was typical of American atti- 
tudes to the organization. 
Certainly lawyers were careful 
to avoid the word; if it slipped 
out in a courtroom the defen- 
dants were apt to get a 
ptistrial. Attorney General^ jn 

Family mem Persico (left), Salerno trad Coraflo 

successive governments or- 
dered the Justice Department 
to ban the use of the word. But 
the present bearing has turned 
all that on its head. 

The Mafia is big business. 
Last year its turnover was said 
to be S26 billion. Its centre of 
power is New York where 
each of foe five dans is 
independently more powerful 
than those which role the 
underworld in other cities. 

The present trial has 
brought the leaders of three of 
them to face charges of mur- 
der. loan sharking ami a $2 
million extortion scheme. The 
key figures, “Fat” Tony Sa- 
lerno, aged 75, Tony “Ducks" 
Coraflo, 73, and “Junior” 
Persico. 53, have been in- 
dicted as the leaders of the 
Genovese, Lucbese and Co- 
lombo families. 

Prosecutors had also 
planned on foe presence of 
Paul Castellano, the boss of 
the fifth clan, foe Gambinos — ■ 
the most powerful of all US 
Mafia families. But he was 
gunned down in a sensational 
Thirties-style shoot-out out- 
side a Manhattan steak house 
last year. Suspicion immedi- 
ately fell on his successor. 
John Gotti, at present on trial 
across foe river in East Brook- 
lyn for murder. 

The two trials are the fruit 
of a painstaking and at times 
hazardous four-year investiga- 
tion conducted jointly by the 
police and the FBL The 

evidence has relied heavily on 
audio and video tapes of 
conversations between the 
Mafia bosses. The willingness 
of Mafiosi to turn informer 
was a key factor in the 
investigation. Traditionally 
the Mafia has been protected 
by its omertd (wall of silence) 
which was rooted in family 
loyalty and fear. But key 

mobsters who bad been ar- 
rested on drugs and other 
charges were prepared to be- 
come police spies. 

There were several reasons 
for this. One was that they 
feared a Mafia reprisal But 
perhaps most importantly, 
many of the traditional bonds 
of their Sicilian heritage have 
bro ken down. Tire new 
generation of recruit is more 
thoroughly Americanized; 
family loyalty is not so strong, 
and they have less respect for 
their elders. 

As the status of American 
Italians continues to rise —the 
New York State governor is 
now from that background — 
so, too, does the number of 
people of Italian extraction 
who regard the existence of the 
Mafia as a slur on their imag e 

Paul Yallely 



1 Panthers onca (6) 

5 Irregular (6) 

8 Slippery type (3) 

9 Phalanger(6) 

10 Hope (6) 

11 Celebration (4) 

12 Dsappearer(S) 

14 Latin chtniii (8,5) 

17 Royal Forest officer 


19 Scottish odd (4) 

21 Flight route (6) 

23 Shiny dice disc (6) 

24 Chop (3) 

25 Church songbook (6) 

26 Small farmer (6) 


2 Athens marketplace 

3 Not harmed (9) 

4 Taking away (7) 

5 Simple (5) 

6 Highest point (3) 


DOWN: 2 Loner 3 Lie 4 Machiavellian 5 R/*» 

Crepe IS Ew 12 Nosy J4 Turn 15 1 Imkljix «v — 

Sute 2S Total 21 15 Upright 16 Moss 

7 Crop gathering (7) 
13 Existing condition 


15 Useful facility (7) 

16 Deep bob (7) 

18 Regal (5) 

2# Cockney “paT (5) 
22 Phle(3) 

23 Get-op 24 


‘ ir. *s 
- ■ > 

" .V! * • 1 ■- 

W". . : . 

V • • 


‘ ■ 

•* - --'r ■*?. 

- ..‘41 s. 


Ir-r-’ i 

- Si 


■ r ; 

:»■ • 

. - 

- -'TCt 
• ■ -a*.: r > 


: ’ ■ •' ^i; 

f *t— j 3 - 

: - 

, *^i 

rev*-/., jscjl 

•» K*r-.:on 

®** *!**n J ii- 

__ _y * " 

P* Wr»,:rr v -i ;:: 

SNfc " 

• * :■; Vi:?- 


■W i“‘ vak: ; 

•wtec.* »«•$»*„- 

' i. -. .• v*^ 


L' *1 

T he new puffball 
skirts are reviving 
the spirit of Schiapa- 
relli. Frivolous, flirty 
and fim is the story 
of this season's party dresses. 
It is a message that the 
irrepressible “Schiap”, dariing 
of the 1930s, would have 
understood. Elsa Sdnaparem 
launched her Shocking per-' 
fume on the fashion wond SO 
years ago. Its botfly shaped 
like a curvy torso, its erotic 
packaging and sensual scent 
•awnmed up the provocative 
style of the designer who took 
over Paris in the 1930s. 

Sctriapareffi’s ideas were 
sent out Hke shock waves. She 
made a black and white 
sweater with trompeJ'oeil 
skeletal bones picked out on 
the flout. Her arcus collection 
of ebullient embroideries was 
shown on a troupe of acro- 
batic models who swung on 
ladders outride die windows 
of her salon in the Place 
Vendfane. Into a fashio n 
world weaned on beige or 
Wade, rite threw splashes of 
brilfiani colour and especially 
the hot rose that has been 
called “shocking pink” ewer 
after. • 

Elsa StfnapareQi was an 
artist Italian-bdra, ahd a 
friend of artists who becanre 
conspirators ,to' her; fcrfiwii 



\ '£& 

New flirty darts 

like puffballs and 


dazzling designs 

by an irreverent 

Italian genius 

- - . ■ : - 

. 'i •’ •*.•**•■ 
^ : y*W - • 

. ‘4 

y • - 

■ ■ •* 

V '* 'V 

v ■* 


... < 

% - •* s- • <-'v vj 

« -•*; v. f* 



* v»' ' *; •• ’''v 

•' X * 







.V 'iY ■ 





* - 

* ; er 'y 

*..**'■ •” ■ 

% Y & ■ • 

• ’ > V v k- A |&<* •*_ 

•s'i '• /i 

L -a ^ ■L :■ 

* •. ^ >■/» ’• 1 ’rt*k 

- 1 

V-s~ ' 4j 

i £ - ^ 7 

for best 

Who won tfta title of feshton vfcHm 
of th8 week? In a hyper-energetrc 
season there were all too many 
chances tor the favourite Engusn 
pastime of dressing up. Koo Stark 

to ft discreetly m swer sequins on 

ink blue crepe at the Hoynmgen- 
Huene book launch party on 
Monday, when guests vrere bwfted 
to drew Paris mLwIy 
was as elegant in her blue taffeta 

and valvet dress as she was in the 

framed photograph on tee wall at 
Hamiltons Gallery. Baroness 
Koynmgen-Huene was aMthefic 
in green sequins on 1930s pyja- 
mas. Lady Rothofmere appwred 
in a castwe of Mocfin Rouge frffis. 
Alma Pteg^ was uncharacWte- 
ticaHy lowkey In her Kart Lagerfeld 
zodiac embroidery and one of her 

smaller hats. That had changed by 

Wednesday, whan she and Kart 
finally showed at their own party, 
exhausted from signing The Book. 
Karl On his signature fan-shaped 
tie-pins and sober suit) and Anna 
fin peach taffeta shepherdess skfft 
withliterie Antoinette pinny, er- 
mine jacket and Mainbocher se- 
quins) greeted guests wno 
included shoe king llanolo 
Btahnflc and 1960s designer Bai^ 
bare Hidamdd of Biba. A small 
gathering of the faithful staggered 
on to dinner at San Lorenzo. 

Golden age 

Jean Muir broke the habit of a 
fashion Efethne by joining forces 
with Greek jeweller IUasLahtuns 
for a show at the Rhz on 
Thursday. The pmist Miss Muir 
allowed her dresses to be used as 
a backdrop to Lahmms geld 
jewellery sculpted fra m symbols 

ofandent cultures. Appianding at 

tike Happy Hour gattering were 
everyone's fa ww r i t e fashion df= 
bimat Lady Henderson, in Mur 
moire picket with pie crust frill, 
ami the flame-haired actress 
Marti Caine. 

Bow wows 

Has outrageous Zandra Rhodes 
got designs on the Duchess of 
Yoric? I hear that Zandra, who 
created Sarah's fluffy pink dress 
for the pre-nuptials Dan, has now 
produced a range of hair or 
naments best described as 
Fergie's Delight The hair bows 
that the Duchess of York has made 
her fashion trademark will be 
unveiled on Valentine's Day next 

year. But Zandra says that we can 

catch a glimpse of them on the 
uniforms she has designed tor tea 
Royal Lancaster's Pavement Cafe 

Next year Zandra will also produce 
customized luggage and wan- 
papere for Osborns and LRUs. 

v; - ^ 

' A r r / 

•r . * > 


■*. v; 


‘■i. '^*1 'i. i 

• .i * — 

.'■'■i ‘j 

• . ' 
. \ /V’V.7: 

- -V ^ • 

and mask: 



j - v fr. '' g' 


;• • y 
' • ’• . ! 


' - 

- »• • 

>/- £ i 


* > 

gar r a r d 

^ l0m - m i-iOWhJWrtUtW 

Original Chrearias Presents from A 5-00 apwarit ^ - 
Garrard is mw open on Saturday 

u 2 REGENT ST; LONDON VIA 2fl - TEL 01-734 7^20 



Sailh — 

Atot rfmifDiaal i SA£ 

(U . 

Qhh Ml Wtoi'Ska* ' ■ 

rv-* v 

From Paris 

18th November — 5th December, 1986 

Van Cleef & Arpels 


TEL: 01-491 1405 TELEX: 266265 







Worried by a 15 per cent (all in 
tourism over the first eight 
months of this year, the South 
African Tourism Board has em- 
barked on a sneaky campaign to 
woo back holidaymakers. Eschew- 
mg the sort of media blitz that 
accompanied British Airways' free 
holidays for Americans a few 
months ago. the board asked 
South African residents for names 
mid addresses of friends and 
relatives around the world. The 
plea produced a list of 150,000 
names, from which 150 (34 of 
them in Britain) have been se- 
lected for a free holiday in South 
Africa. The rest have been sent 
price lists and a letter from the 
board extolling South Africa and 
swiping at “the biased and adverse 
publicity that has been dissemi- 
nated against us in the media". 
This, perhaps, explains the curious 
derision to keep the stunt hush- 

• The Business Study Group, a 
society of 500 Christian business- 
men, is doing battle with Mammon , 
next February by holding a meet- 
ing entitled ‘‘Acting Justly, Loving 
Mercy and Humbly Walking with 
God in a tough Business ! 
Environment* 1 . 

Museum piece 

James Joyce's granason has cut 
Dublin's Joyce Tower Museum 
out of his wilL From his Paris 
home. Stephen Joyce tells me that 
while he welcomes the museum's 
existence and its siting at 
Sandy cove (where Ulysses opens), 

' he regards its sale of items such as 
Bloom's Lemon Soap and a Tower 
Key as “ludicrous commercial 
exploitation". Selling such gim- 
mickry casts doubt m his mind 
about the soundness of the 
museum's finances. Stephen also 
accuses the museum of breaking 
an agreement to make no further 
comment about last year's row 
over an attempt to sell Joyce's 
death mask. Stephen Joyce's de- 
rision means that the museum will 
not inherit an Augustus John 
drawing of Joyce, a ring worn by 
Joyce, a necklace given by Joyce to 
his wife, a letter to him from his 
father, and a poem written on 
Stephen's birth. The museum was 
making no comment yesterday. 

Liberal portion 

David Steel has received in the 
mail a most unsavoury gift from 
an aggrieved member of the 
public: a school dinner. Carefully 
wrapped in c ling-film, it com- 
prises a cheese sandwich, a three- 
by-two-inch piece of quiche and a 
miserly square of sponge cake. 
The parent whose son brought 
home the goodies is outraged at 
the quality and quantity of the 
cuisine. Steel plans to pass the 
food parcel on to his education 
spokesman, gourmet Clement 

• After my note about the Bor- 
deaux goalkeeper named Dropsy, 1 
hear of a goalie in Cornish junior' 
football known as Cinderella — 
because he keeps missing the ball. 


No sooner has student politics 
been saved from the FCS than 
news reached me that the National 
Union of Students' Blackpool 
conference next month will have a 
dalek as a delegate. Metallurgy 
postgraduate Adam Gilchrist, 
campaigning as the alien from Dr 
Who, got the highest vote ever 
recorded in NUS delegation elec- 
tions at Birmingham University 
last week. From inside his home- 
built dalek, constructed to the 
original BBC specifications, he 
advocates “the destruction of 
everything in the world" — but 
particularly poor facilities for the 
disabled. He makes the point that 
anywhere he cannot get as a dalek 
will be just as impenetrable to 
someone in a wheelchair. 






TO | 

n&HT i 

HEID v | 


‘Apparently you hoy a gallon and get 
free school vouchers.' 

Cook’s tour 

John Wells, the humourist who 
rode to fame in the satirical Sixties 
and now, in the easily-pleased 
Eighties, is best known for his 
Denis Thatcher impersonations, 
entered the depths of middle-age 
on Sunday. To celebrate his 50th 
birthday he held a lavish, three 
stage (lunch, tea and supper) party 
at his spacious London home, 
each room boasting celebrities 
from Michael Foot to Spike 
Milligan. On the stroke of mid- 
night Peter Cook began to cele- 
brate his birthday (his 49ih>. 
Clearly showing the effects of 
many hours party-making spent 
wandering the cavernous extent of 
the house, he swung open the front 
door to reveal the darkened 
London street. Turning to Weils, 
Cook bellowed: "Jawn, Jawn. 
what a magnificent room!" 


Iran: will the right man quit? 

by Charles Krauthammer 


A few weeks after Lord Carrington 
resigned as Foreign Secretary over 
the Argentine takeover of the 
Falkland*, an aide of President 
Reagan passed around a piece of 
paper at a senior staff meeting. 
.Alluding to the fret that Alexander 
Haig had once called Carrington a 
“duplicitous bastard", the note 
read: “Duplicitous Bastard Re- 
signs on Principle: A Model." 

In America, we cannot get even 
our sweetest bumblers to resign. 
We have no model, no tradition of 
principled resignation. Now, be- 
cause of the Iranian affair, there is 
talk of leave-taking. Bui, as usual, 
we cannot get It right. The wrong 
man is thinking of resigning. 

The wrong man is the Secretary 
of State. George Shultz. Spear- 
carrier for the administration’s 
anti-terrorist policy, Shultz is 
embarrassed. He has rounded on 
the Europeans for malting a 
separate peace with terrorist 
states; assured the Arab League 
that the US is not supporting Iran 
in its war with Iraq. All the while, 
the National Security Council has 
been engaged with Iran in an 
arms-for-hosiages exchange. 

The right man for resigning is 
the National Security Council 
chief. John Poindexter. He now 
admits that he made "a mis- 
calculation" about whom he could 

trust in Iran. (The mullahs have a 
way of driving Americans to 
understatement. President Carter 
called the Desen One fiasco an 
“incomplete success".) If someone 
does resign, it shouldn't be the 
man who pushed the right policy, 
but the man who pushed the 
wrong one. 

How wrong? Let me count the 
ways. Even if you cave in and 
decide to buy hostages, how can 
you possibly consent to buy them 
retail, one at a time? When the 
Israelis made the worst hostage 
trade in history — 1,150 terrorists 
for three soldiers — at least they 
got all their boys at once. 

The administration cover story 
for the new Iranian affair is that 
the real policy was not buying 
hostages, but buying friends. The 
US was not paying ransom. It was 
pursuing a larger strategic objec- 
ti ve: making alliances with Ir an ian 
doves as an opening to a post- 
Khomeini future. 

Goodness. Has there ever been 
an appeasement policy that was 
not predicated on the notion of 
hawks and doves among our 
enemies? We must offer wheat 
and credits and perhaps pieces of 
Africa or Central America in order 

to strengthen Soviet (or Sandinista 
or Angolan, fill in the blanks) 
doves. Heard that one? Whenever 
conservatives hear it, their instinc- 
tive, and correct, response is 

Now we hear that there is a 
power struggle taking place among 
Ayatollah Khomeini's successors, 
and we have to help the doves. 
There is a problem with this 
theory. True, there are several 
factions vying for power. But there 
is not a shred of evidence that any 
one is any less an Islamic fanatic 
or anti-Western than the other. 
Nor, even if such a faction exists, 
that we know which one It is. Nor, 
even if we know, that we know 
how to help it. One would imagine 
that in Khomeini-land, a connec- 
tion to the Great Satan is hardly a 
means to political advancement. 

The president has been flying a 
seat-of-th e-pants foreign policy for 
some time now. (Reykjavik comes 
to mind.) It has now crash-landed. 
Reagan likes to pilot while listen- 
ing to his gut, not watching his 
radar. His gut — sympathy for 
hostage families — told him to risk 
for the hostages. He did. He risked 
America’s anti-terrorist policy. He 
risked American credibility with 

foe Gulf slates and Arab mod- 
erates. He risked his own prin- 
ciple, enunciated (hiring his first 
week in office, that criminals, 
even if state-sponsored, will not 
dictate American foreign policy, 

Reagan’s legendary luck ran 
out. Where were his advisers in 
the White House whose job it is to 
tell him that he cant live on luck 
alone? Whose job is it to watch the 
radar? Miscalculation is not a 
hanging offence, but it is a 
resigning one. 

An anti -terrorism policy is 
extraordinarily difficult to sustain 
because, like any policy of not 
doing (no negotiation, no con- 
cessions), it is inherently fragile: 
one significant slip and the policy 
evaporates. Right now, the US 
policy is about to evaporate. 

It cannot easily be salvaged but 
a principled resignation is the first 
step on the road back. It would 
demonstrate that the policy of 
trading arms (and the American 
national interest) for hostages is 
repudiated. That policy, not the 
choice of loose-tipped Iranians as 
partners, is the miscalculation. 

Carrington miscalculated Ar- 
gentine intentions and resigned. 
Will the American miscalculator 
please stand up and step down? 
The author is senior editor of The 
New Republic. 

Philip Jacobson assesses the complex aftermath of the Hasenfus affair 

No sooner had the American 
mercenary Eugene Hasenfus be- 
gun serving the 30-year sentence 
imposed on him last weekend for 
running guns to the Contra 
guerrillas in Nicaragua than ru- 
mours of a deal to send him home 
to Wisconsin were doing the 
rounds in Managua, the Nica- 
raguan capital 

The ruling Sandinistas are said 
to be contemplating handing him 
over to the American ambassador 
in an act of clemency designed to 
improve their humanitarian im- 
age abroad. Other reports claim 
that the 4S-year-old former Ma- 
rine, who freely confessed to 
taking part in clandestine supply 
Sights over Nicaraguan territory, 
would be swapped for prisoners 
now in the hands of the Contras. 

It is even possible, insiders 
suggest, that Hasenfus will shortly 
be thrown out of the country as 
publicly and as ignominious ly as 
possible to demonstrate the 
Sandinistas' contempt for the 
small fry caught up in what they 
denounce as operations “sup- 
ported, directed and financed by 
the current government of the 
United States". 

As it happens, in testimony 
before the Nicaraguan revolu- 
tionary tribunal, Hasenfus went 
some way towards withdrawing an 
original admission that he was on 
the CIA's books as a “lticker" — 
booting parachute loads out of the 
plane. His evidence made it clear, 
however, that the network which 
began supplying weapons and 
equipment to the Contras soon 
after Congress had voted to cut off 
all military aid in 1984 could never 
have functioned without, at the 
very least, cooperation from US 
government and military officials. 
Whether this was a breach of the 
law is something that Congress 
may well wish to investigate in the 
near future. What happens now 
that the cell door has slammed 
behind Eugene Hasenfus in his 
maximum-security jail outside 
Managua poses a considerable 
problem for the US government. 
The operation in which he was 
engaged might have been praised 
by officials close to President 
Reagan, but his position now is 
manifestly different from that of 
the American citizens still suffer- 
ing as hostages in Lebanon and of 
the journalist Nicholas Daniloff 
falsely accused and imprisoned by 
the KGB in Moscow last Septem- 

The White House is entitled to 
criticize foe Sandinista tribunal's 
verdict as “serving no other 
purpose than to make propa- 
ganda". and the State Department 
to complain that the trial violated 
some of the rights to which 
Hasenfus was entitled under Nica- 
raguan law. The fact is that under 
that same law, he was clearly 
guilty as charged. 

It remains to be seen how the 
Sandinista comandames choose to 
exploit this affair, but there is no 
doubt that it has contributed to a 

Captured when his gun-running plane was shot down, 
Eugene Hasenfus is now an international pawn 

show a hint 
of cockiness 

sense of confidence, even cocki- 
ness. as they square up to the 
Reagan administration. 

This manifests itself in various 
ways, but nowhere more signifi- 
cantly than on the military front. 
Take the curious behaviour of 
Captain Ricardo Wheelock, who 
as chief of army intelligence is 
normally the last person to give 
away strategic information. Under 
his direction, the Nicaraguan press 
prints only what it is told to about 
the course of the war against the 
Contras. Western journalists are 
firmly discouraged from visiting 
combat zones without official 
minders. Foreign diplomats, the 
Americans especially, find hard 
facts even more difficult to come 

How remarkable, then, that 
Wheelock should start volunteer- 
ing all manner of interesting 
observations about the San- 
dinistas' military capacity, ranging 
from the number of troops now 
engaged in the fighting to the effect 
of improvements in Nicaragua's 
air defences. The Contras no 
longer posed any real threat, he 

declared during an on-the-record 
interview with The Washington 
Past: despite the $100 million of 
military aid now coming their way 
from Washington, "they are only a 
social problem". He also acknowl- 
edged that Nicaraguan units are 
making regular incursions into 
neighbouring Honduras to attack 
Contra base camps and have 
established a number of fixed 
observation posts on the Hon- 
duran side of the border. 

A few days later, Nicaragua’s 
armed forces staged a spectacular 
display of strength to mark the 
25th anniversary of the founda- 
tion of the Sandinista National 
Liberation From. For a fUU 90 
minutes, tanks, rocket-launchers, 
heavy artillery and anti-aircraft 
batteries, mostly of Soviet origin, 
rolled through a square in the 
centre of Managua. 

Several thousand well-armed 
infantrymen from the elite 
counter-insurgency battalions 
marched smartly past the rostrum. 
Overhead flew a squadron of the 
Russian helicopter gun ships that 

have been helping them batter the 
Contras in the wild northern 
mountains. “They bad more and 
better stuff on show than any of us 
have been reporting home,” ob- 
served one Western diplomat 

Over the past 18 months, as the 
Reagan administration has built 
up its secret support for the 
Contras and imposed increasingly 
effective trade sanctions, the 
Sandinistas have been steadily 
constructing the most formidable 
military machine in the region. 
Few nations in the world have as 
great a proportion of citizens 
under arms as Nicaragua: 60,000 
men in regular army units, per- 
haps twice as many again (women 
included ) in various reserve and 
militia formations. With the 
Contras on the ropes inside 
Nicaragua's borders, this new 
muscle is now being flexed with 
hot-pursuit missions into Hon- 
duras for all to see. 

With the countiy on what 
amounts to a permanent war 
footing, the grip of government is 
tightening on almost every aspect 
of daily life, from food rationing 
and jobs to foe local defence 
committees which monitor every- 
thing that goes os in their 

To some observers, this suggests 
that the hard left faction among 
the comandames — as represented 
by the Interim' Minister, Tomas 
Boige, and what has been 
nicknamed his “family” — have 
decided that with a new constitu- 
tion more or less drafted by the 
Sandinista majority in the na- 
tional assembly, the time has 
come to go all out for a Cuban- 
style Marxist state. 

The implications of this for 
opponents of the Sandinistas 
within Nicaragua are not en- 
couraging. Reports published by 
two independent human rights 
organizations earlier this year, 
setting out detailed accounts of 
official repression, made sad read- 
ing for those who much admired 
the present government for 
preventing any great wave re- 
venge-taking after the overthrow 
of the Somoza regime. 

For all that, ordinary people still 
jump at the chance to criticize 
their rulers before visiting for- 
eigners, complaining loudly in 
bars and restaurants, offices and 
taxis about the cost of living and 
about shelves forever empty in the 
supermarkets. They resent equally 
the choking bureaucracy, the end- 
less obligatory rallies for the cause, 
the privileges enjoyed by the 
Sandinista elite. 

The problem for the While 
House, apparently still intent on 
toppling this “evil empire”, is that 
the kind of bungled mission which 
landed Eugene Hasenfus behind 
bars merely stiffens the resolve of 
the majority of Nicaraguans to 
stand and fight any invader should 
it come to that. 

Techno-banditry or genuine business? 

Roger Boyes on high-tech trade bans 

Until recently Peter Kempa was a 
jaunty, respected figure in the 
Warsaw business community, 
chairing trade councils, importing 
and adapting personal computers 
for Polish use and, in his own way, 
trying to narrow the yawning 
technology gap between East and 
West But according to evidence in 
a London court where he was 

J ailed last month for 12 months, 
ie was also one of a growing 
number of “techno-bandits", 
businessmen who make a chunky 
profit out of exporting banned 
high-tech to the Soviet bloc. 

Undercover Customs and Ex- 
cise men have managed to pick up 
about a dozen British techno- 
bandits in the past 18 months, 
unmasking dummy companies 
and discovering reams of fake 
dispatch papers. The traffic is 
monitored by an official commit- 
tee, code named SXWP, which 
groups experts from the Depart- 
ment of Trade, the Foreign Office, 
the Ministry of Defence. MI5 and 
the Secret Intelligence Service. 
Liaising with the US, the commit- 
tee has to determine whether 
businessmen are violating or 
bending the rules governing 
Nato's. and Japan's, list of re- 
stricted exports to the Soviet bloc. 

There is a new sensitivity to this 
East-West contraband. The US is 
worried that when it shares its Star 
Wars research with Western 
Europe, it will start to drift 
eastwards. The US has tightened 

its export licensing procedures, so 
that the Defence Department can 
examine licence applications not 
only to Eastern Europe but also to 
Western and neutral countries. 

It has taken time to train 
undercover agents and only now 
are the results beginning to show. 
There is a huge need for new 
technology in Eastern Europe as it 
makes a push for modernization. 
The annual report of the West 
German counter-espionage ser- 
vice. the Verfassungsschutz, 
makes it clear that East German 
agents set a high priority on the 
electronics industry. The 
catchphrase in the Soviet bloc at 
present is “the scientific technical 
revolution" but research and 
development is a long way behind 
Silicon Valley. 

Moreover, the Eastern econo- 
mies are not always flexible 
enough to absorb state-of-the-art 
technology. Stories abound in 
Poland of computers bought in the 
I9?0s which languish in factories 
because there is no software, 
because there is no one to service 
the machine or because the man- 
agers understand only how to 
programme the company’s pay- 

The military sector by contrast 
is far more sophisticated. An 
important Pentagon paper. Soviet 
Acquisition of Military Significant 

Western Technology, catalogues 
equipment useful to Moscow’s 
defence planners. It ranges from 
advanced integrated circuits to 
integrated optics, from data dis- 
play equipment to supermini 
computers, from digital switching 
systems to plant control software. 

But the vetting procedure is 
based on possibly flawed value- 
judgements. Most electronic prod- 
ucts are useful to the military, just 
as ballpoint pens can be used by 
civilians and soldiers, by dis- 
sidents and fascist dictators. 

Richard Perie, the US arms- 
control expert who is the moving 
spirit behind the tougher controls, 
can happilly reel off Soviet mili- 
tary equipment that has benefited 
from Western technology, includ- 
ing disc drives for computers, 
microwave tubes For ship radar 
and special rubber for tanks and 
supersonic aircraft 

The idea of course is to deny any 
Western technical innovation to 
the Soviet bloc and thus make the 
East work harder and dedicate 
more of itsdefence budget to 
catching up. But what if the Soviet 
bloc already has the equipment? Is 
it still such a heinous crime to do 
business with the East? 

Talking to legitimate computer 
traders in Eastern Europe — and 
there are many, hoping to profit 
from the modernization drive — 

one gets the impression that the 
Western controls, though correct 
in principle, lack subtlety. 

Recently a British computer 
engineer, Alan Simmons, was 
jailed for nine months for illegal 
exporting. On the face of it, he 
appears to have been an active 
businessman who bought up Brit- 
ish and American-made computer 
equipment for about £1 million 
and sold it to the Russians for two 
and half limes as much. He broke 
the rules but it is not at all evident 
that he was selling the Western 
alliance down the river. If it were 
not for the export rules, he would 
be a candidate for an export 

Western concerns may be trad- 
ing quite legitimately for years 
with the East and when their 
business contacts ask for some- 
thing a little more complex, there 
is no great resistance: it is not a 
question of patriotism or treason, 
but of businessmen impatient 
with bureaucratic obstacles. 

Somehow the Western control- 
lers have to make a distinction 
between such traders who take 
short-cuts to keep their markets 
alive and the big-time operators 
like the West German, Richard 
Mueller, who operated 75 dummy 
firms in Austria, France. Britain, 
Switzerland, the US and West 
Germany, and fimelled advanced 
computers and other banned 
equipment worth tens of millions 
of dollars to the Soviet Union* 


Roger Scraton 

The infantilizing 
of examinations 

Education in England and Wales 
has suffered many catastrophes in 
recent years but none so great as 
the new GCSE examination. For 
•the first time, the egalitarian 
mentality has been able to impose 
its will not only on the state 
schools but on the private schools. 

The GCSE, with its emphasis on 
“course work”, “continuous as- 
sessment" and “transferable per- 
sonal skills”, is designed to 
minimize the distinction between 
academically gifted children and 
the others. Its purpose is not to 
discriminate hut to “differen- 
tiate”, not to assess but to destroy 
thepossibflity of assessment 
The recently published guide to 
the GCSE gives a dear picture of 
the dreary ideology behind the 
new examination. Older exam 
syllabuses are condemned, since 
they called for “learning facts at 
the expense of understanding”. In 
science, therefore, the new sylla- 
bus “will .shift away from foe past 
emphasis on facts and scientific 
terms and pay greater attention to 
foe skills and methods of science”. 
In other words, solid fact is to be 
exchanged for airy speculation. 

In music, foe efforts of students 
to compose “need not be limited 
to classical styles, and foe music 
can be written in foe normal way, 
or in some graphic form or 
recorded on tape”. Thus musical 
notation — one of the most 
precious achievements of our 
civilization — need no longer be 

The desirability of “anti-racist” 
and “anti-sexist” perspectives is a 
constant theme and wherever 
possible teachers are given space 
for examining the “social 
implications'' of this subject. 

The tenor of the GCSE system is 
best conveyed by foe guide’s 
description of foe new mathemat- 
ics examination: “Traditionally 
maths has been about knowing the 
rules to deal with numbers, 
percentages, areas, equations and 
so on . . . GCSE should lead 
pupils to see that maths can be 
used to solve practical problems in 
everyday situations . . . One ap- 
proach is to let pupils explore their 
own ways of using what they know 
about numbers, shapes and so on, 
rather than insisting that results be 
reached by one fixed, ideal 

Adoption of this deliberately 
infantilized system of examina- 
tions will make foe work of good 
teachers twice as hard and foe task 
confronting gifted pupils next to 
impossible. The A-level examina- 
tions will become increasingly 
remote from the competence and 
interests of those who begin to 
study them and the problem of 
preparing students for university 
entrance will be fraught with 
enormous difficulties. 

In the light of that, one might 
have expected, from the univer- 
sities. some kind of protest, or at 
least a warning. As a university 
professor in foe humanities, I 
should have hoped that someone 
might have spoken on my behaH 

saying: “Already many students 
come to university with an imper- 
fect grasp of E n gl ish grammar, a 
stumbling acquaintance with 
mathematical argument, a bare 
familiarity with English literature 
and history and a total ignorance 
of classical languages, the Bible, 
foe history of an and architecture, 
and foe languages and literature of 
France and Germany. 

“If schools wish to continue 
sending their pupils to university, 
then they had better ensure that 
they are rigorously taught in 
subjects that really matter and that 
the examination system reflects 
this fact Otherwise universities 
may have to set their own 
e xam inations and rejectfoose who 
cannot pass them.” 

But of course, nobody in 
authority is likely to say any such 
thing. The universities have too 
great an interest in mainta i ning 
the quantities of students to be 
honest about their quality. There 
is no body which is competent to 
speak for us — those of us, that is, 
whose primary interest is not in 
saving our salaries at any cost but 
in teaching what we know. 

So far foe only university 
response to foe GCSE catastrophe 
has come from the Committee of 
Vice-Chancellors and Principals, 
which has recently said, through 
its chairman, Professor Maurice 
Shock: “We want to take in 
students of a wider range of ability 
doing a wider range of subjects-” 
In other words “we” are happy to 
lower our standards and to offer 
“subjects” of which we have yet to 
prove' foe intellectual value. 

There will have to be radical 
changes in university courses. 
Professor Shock announced, to 
accommodate the new students 
and to bring higher education into 
line with foe GCSE. Moreover, “It 
is ludicrous for pupils who are 
studying the new syllabus to be 
expected to concentrate on A- 
levds, whose entire basis is the old 

By what authority do these 
comfortable members of foe 
establishment cast the rest of us 
adrift on a sea of ignorance? Their 
unrepresentative nature is appar- 
ent from their academic profile: 14 
per cent come from foe social 
sciences, 48 per cent science and 
maths, 24 per cent engineering, 5 
per cent medicine and 5 per cent 
“the arts”. 

In other words, foe humanities, 
which represent our major teach- 
ing commitment, are virtually 
unrepresented. Of course, a sci- 
entist, mathematician or engineer 
may be as well-equipped as any- 
one else to administer a univer- 
sity. Bui to suppose he has some 
special authority to speak for the 
rest of us in matters of university 
education is to suppose that the 
office of vice-chancellor is suf- 
ficient in itself to breathe wisdom 
into the mind of its incumbent, a 
supposition for which we have 
little evidence. 

The author is editor cf the Salis- 
bury Review. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Drama in the 
empty fountain 

Is it a sense of theatre that makes 
Rome different from other cities? I 
don't mean Roman theatres, 
which are tucked away, chary 
about advertising their wares and 
not putting on anything much 
more daring than Ionesco and 
Beckett I mean, is Rome putting 
on a performance foe whole lime? 
Are all those Romans aware that 
something is watching them, as 
they put their coats stylishly over 
their shoulders, kiss dramatically 
by foe fountains at gesticulate in 
their driving seats? Is it precisely 
because Rome is so theatrical that 
her theatres are so unobtrusive? 

Certainly, foe approach to St 
Peter’s is all theatre and stage 
setting, and so is the idea of 
putting the Pope up on that 
balcony to address the hordes. 
Before be makes his trig appear- 
ance. one does not imagine a 
religious coach giving him last- 
minute preparation, one visual- 
izes his dresser saying: “Right, 
dear, you’re on in five minutes, so 
let’s make sure your robes are 
looking all right and don't touch 
your make-up, we haven't got 
time to repair your face now, now 
don’t be nervous-.” 

Would foe British ever let their 
Archbishop do his stuff on a 
balcony? Perish the thought We 
like our theatre to take place in a 
theatre, not in real life. The most 
we'll allow is foe Royal Family on 
a balcony, which is nearer living 
photographs than theatre. 

All churches in Rome are after a 
theatrical effect bat most of them 
are cruelly denied it by foe narrow 
confines they live in. A church in a 
□arrow street is like a great actor 
playing to two rows of stalls. 
That’s why so many Roman 
churches, in foe Piazza San 
Ignazio for instance, draw them- 
selves up into huge grimacing 
facades looking for all foe world 
like padded and overblown 
American football players. The 
only building in central Rome that 
really gets a chance to show off is 
the grotesque Victor Emmanuel 
monument, the thing like a Mafia 
wedding cake. It is so over the top 
that guidebooks hardly mention it 

Near the Via del Corso, by foe 
way. there is a clerical clothes shop 
where you can buy all foe nec- 
essary gear to dress up as a priest, 
which is very useful if you’re a 
priest and quite fun if you're noL 
The first window is full of dull 
black clothes. The second 


brightens up a little with nuns’ 
clothes, including blue and pink 
nightdresses and a quite respect- 
able blue dressing-gown. But foe 
third is the best, full of gold and 
silver doth that can be cut into 
robes of your own design, and also 
containing priests' overnight 
emergency kits — brown zip-up 
cases equipped with mini-chalice, 
gold V purple armbands, spare 
crucifixes, etc. 

Another traditional Italian 
piece of theatre is the big football 
match. I chose instead to go for a 
stroll in the Villa Borghese 
grounds. So did many other men 
but I was the only one who did it 
voluntarily; all foe others bad tiny 
radios glued to their ears. Their 
bodies may have been out strolling 
with their families but their hearts 
and minds were at the big game 
(Roma 4, Udinese 0, or Juventus 
1, Napoli 3, depending on your 
loyalties). Every time Roma 
scored, the traffic of the city 
hooted in unison. 

Or perhaps I've got it all wrong, 
and it's not theatre I’m talking 
about, but spectacle. The Greeks 
invented theatre, foe Romans 
invented spectacle and they still 
have a talent for it. They were 
never very good at the Greek idea 
of having a few people on stage 
going on about relationships. 
What the ancient Romans are 
remembered for is having a day of 
mass slaughter at the Colosseum. 
They’ve quietened down a bit 
since then, but foe flamboyancy 
foe mass gesture, the over-foo-top 
setting are all still there. 

For proof of this, go to the Trevi 
Fountain on a Monday morning 
Of Course, this famous fountain Tg 
not a fountain at all in the normal 
sense of a big spout; it’s a big stage 
setting, mil of gods, horses, rocks 
and lights, with water gushing out 
towards you from all angles. But 
on Monday mornings it’s all 
switched off, and plugs are pulled 
out, and men with gum boots and 
brushes go in to clean it up and 
remove all foe coins thrown in by 
people with wishes. These are 
stage-hands, sent in to refurbish 
tne long-running production. And 
even they cannot resist the 
temptation to put on a bit of a 
show, with the shovelling of the 
money into a big white sack held 
by a uniformed policeman. They 
are not cleaners, they are perform- 

ers. Rome is a show that never 
really stops. 

JT . 


t VajM t-V* K&f> 






- f“7'.^ 
-_ .. * ^ 


r - jS - 


Jfr' I 1 * 


/ - 

,• f 


15 .. 

Pennington Street, London Ei 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Morality is indivisible, 
though culpability may have 
degrees. Insider dealing, which 

m its nature is theft from the 
innocent and unsuspec ting, is 
unmoral as well as illegal. It is 
also certain, particularly when 
party political stakes are High 
to provoke heated debate in 
which, alo ngside genuine 
moral outrage, envy, hypoc- 
risy and specious self- 
ngbieousness play their part 

Not for the fast tun e the 
City of London has handed its 
opponents a golden rod winch 

they can use not only to attack 

the system itsetfbut to strike at 
a Government that more *h?m 
any Conservative administra- 
tion in history is identified 
with the competitiveness with 
which the Qty is now setting 
about its business. 

It would be foolish to imag- 
ine that Geoffrey Collier's 
transgression of Morgan 
Grenfell's rales for employees 
dealing in stock exchange 
securities is unique, or that 
similar insider doling by oth- 
ers will not come to light. 
Taking advantage of price 
sensitive information not 
available to all shareholders to 
make a profit is a practice as 
old as the Stock Exchange 

Insider dealing was made a 
criminal offence only in 1980. 
The Company Seautties (In- 
sider Dealing) Act 1985 is 
specific. No one shall deal on a 
recognised stock exchange in 
the securities of companies 
when he is knowingly in 
possession of unpublished 
price sensitive information 
about them. Manifestly the 
practice has continued. 

It did not escape the 
Government's attention that 
creating a shareholding 
democracy through privatiza- 
tion would bring millions of 
City outsiders to the Stock 
Exchange for the first time. It 
k important for both that their 
second impression of the 
ca pi tal is t system is notofa den 
of thieves. 

At tiie same time as the 
privatization programme was 
gathering momentum tire 
Stock Exchange was preparing 
for deregulation: the Big Bang 
of- . October 27 ■ which 
open the way for price com- 
petition among brokers and 
abolished the distinction be- 
tween brokers who acted as 
agents for investors and job- 
bers who dealt in securities as 
principals. The great virtue of 
“single capacity” — each Stock 
Exchange member firm stick- 
ing to his specialised last — was 
that it minimised conflicts of 
interest with, the firm. 
Opportunities to cheat were 
fern, temptations to do so 
less strong. 

The securities industry in 
London is now dominated by 
financial conglomera tes w hich 
embrace not only st ockteoking 
and market-making but also 
the handling of shar e issues 
and advice on takeovers. It is 
this area of corporate finance 
where most unpublished price 
sensitive information exists: 
where the temptation to use 
such information for personal 
profit is strongest and where 
critics andeymes ahke look for 
their proofs that the City's 
system of self-regulation is 
inadequate and must give way 
to statutory controls. 


It has long been argued by 
proponents of disinvestment 
that companies with a large 
presence in the South African 
economy are “propping up 
apartheid”. If they were to 
withdraw, the argument runs, 
foe threat of economic collapse 
would compel the white gov- 
ernment to negotiate a new 
constitution with . repre- .. 
sentatives of other commu- 

The opposite view rs that 
foreign companies act as- a 
social and political catalyst. 
Both by accelerating economic 
growth in general and by 
consciously adopting policies 
of advancing their blade work- 
ers, they undermine the bar- 
riers of occupational apartheid 
and help to create a skilled 
black working class and black 
middle class. 

The view of foreign com- 
panies as subtle underminers 
of apartheid is far more in 
accord with the facts of the 
South African economy, yet 
the opposite notion ofbusmess 
as the accomplice of apa r thei d 
has dominated the debate on 
sanctions and prompted the 
recent rush to disinvest 

It is hot difficult to under- 
stand why. When companies 
are receiving an 18 per cent 
return on capital, to argue that 
under the snrfece they are 
undermining the system is 
implausible even if it happens 
to be true. And where they 
were consciously attempting to 
advance black workers in 

compliance with the Sullivan 
principles, the advantages 
were often confined to then- 
own workforces. Outsiders 
were then able to argue that 
Sullivan policies represented a 
few crumbs from a rich man's 
table piled high with profits of 
18 per cent They offered no 
alternative to apart- 

. - But the recent statements of 
major companies like Shell 
and British Petroleum South- 
ern Africa make explicit what 
has until now been the merely 
implicit hostility between free 
enterprise capitalism and the 
bureaucratic social engineer- 
ing of apartheid. In addition, 
foe social actions propose by 
BPSA— providing finance that 
would enable state schools to 
become multi-racial private 
schools and segregated areas to 
become mixed-race commu- 
nities - would outflank the 
institutions of apartheid on a 
scale wider flan their own 

But can such an approach 
bring about social changes of 
the Twgfrntnwfe required? Con- 
sider the example of Poland. 
Confronted by a totalitarian 
party dictatorship which 
claims control over every as- 
pect of fife from trade union- 
ism to literary criticism, the 
Poles have created a parallel 
set of social institutions along- 
side those of the communist 
state — underground maga- 
zines, schools, lecture groups. 

theatres, etc. In small but 
important ways, Polish society 
now functions without ref- 
erence to the government. 

South Africa offers the 
chance of achieving much 
more by the same method. It 
is, after all, a society in which 
many institutions — notably, 
the judiciary and the press — 
already enjoy substantial -in- 
dependence. There is, more- 
over, no local equivalent of the 
Soviet Union, namely an ex- 
ternal force which prevents the 
society continuing to evolve in 
a more liberal direction. Fi- 
nally, foe Afrikaner ruling 
class has lost foe moral self- 
confidence to enforce apart- 
heid and increasingly permits, 
either by law or by turning a 
blind eye, apartheid regula- 
tions to be ignored. About a 
quarter of the population in 
three central districts of 
Johannesburg legally reserved 
for whites are in feet 
Coloureds, Indians or blacks. 

The proposals advanced by 
BPSA, therefore, offer a solu- 
tion to South Africa's prob- 
lems which does not involve 
violence. They may also be 
able to enlist foe active sup- 
port of the most advanced 
sections of the black commu- 
nity who are not school- 
children and political 
organisers, but skilled workers 
and managers. In which case, 
should they not also have tire 
support and financial hacking 
of Western governments? 


Lull urged in hull design debate 

For the hear future, self- 
regulation will continue. 
Rightly. In the first place, 
because the detailed system of 
investor protection set out in 
foe Financial Services Act has 
yet to be poperiy tried, mid 
cannot be properly tested for at 
least another year. 

Secondly because it may be. 
argued that foe Geoffrey Col- 
lier case, within two weeks of 
Big Bang, has demonstrated 
how effective the City’s own 
operating rules can be. Thirdly 
because the insider doling 
clauses in the Financial Ser- 
vices Ant which the Secretary 
of State has promptly invoked 
to investigate foe Collier case 
should be sufficient to silence 
calls for more statutory super- 
vision — at least for the 

The Qty, however, cannot 
afford to relax its vigilance or 
its disciplines. In some weD- 
publirised bids standards have 
suffered from the new creed of 
winning at any cost. The Stock 
- Exchange's own motto. My 
. Word is My Bond, no longer 
has foe same ring of truth. 

In the fight of the latest 
revelations from New York of 
insider Ablings on a massive 
scale by the arch abrtrageur 
Ivan Boesky, who is surely not 
alone, the City’s responsibility 
for maintaining foe highest 
standards in business and 
convincing people and Par- 
liament of its essential integ- 
rity was never more important, 
than it is now. The alternative 
is that foe price for turning the 
Stock Exchange into an inter- 
national market, which is foe 
justification fra: Big Bang , will 
be judged too great 


The result of foe weekend's 
elections has been a triumph 
for Brazil's ruling coalition 
and, in particular, its senior 
partner- the Brazilian Demo- 
cratic Movement Party 
(PMDB). But foe conntiy as a 
whole can take pride in ft. 

About 69 million voters 
chose from among 30 parties 
and as many as 45,000 can- 
di dates in polls at federal, state 
and gubernatorial leveL By 
canoe in the North, or on 
horseback in the South, . they 
travelled to vote — and did so 
overwhelmingly in favour of 
the governing coalition. For a 
country which returned to 
civilian rule only just o yer 18 
months ago, it was a happy 
illustration of democracy in 
action. . ^ _ 

It was also a good day for 
President Jose Sarney whose 
self-effacing approach to foe 
job of teadingSoutfa Amoica s 
biggest country has (after a 
shaky start) endeared hint to 
his people. President Sarney is 
closer to the Liberal Front, 
junior parfcier iu the two-party 
coalition, which has not had 
quite the triumph of the 
PMDB. Bui bofo represent the 
centre in Bra zil ia n .politics, 
and by rejecting dte_more 
pronounced politics of left ana 
right the electorate has voted 
for .consensus politics ana 

Thefe were, however, m we 

material reasons why they did 

so. The Cruzado Plan, in- 
troduced last February to 
tackle Brazil's economic prob- 
lems, has dramatically cat foe 
flumigl inflation rate from 
more than 200 per cent at the 
turn of foe year. A price freeze 
has led to a consumer boom — 
and now to an electoral landr 

But a price has to be paid - 
and the bills are just arriving. 
The price freeze was accompa- 
nied by a government dedaon 
to end index-linked rises for 
foe workforce, which in turn 
has helped towards the cre- 
ation of about a million new 
jobs. The consumer boom, 

encouraged by the. improve- 
meat in people's fin a nci al 
status, has ted to shortages 
throughout most sectors of the 
economy, in food and raw 
materials for industry. - 

In recent weeks, there have 
been disuniting signs of a new 
inflationary movement with 
shortages leading to a burgeon- 
ing black market. The balance 
of payments surplus has been 
falling after several years of 
growth. The. government now 
has to move on to foe Qnzado 
Plan's phase-2 which will need 
to damp down the overheated 
economy and encourage more 
investment; •• 

It is widely expected that foe 
government will have to raise 
purchase tax on.a wide range 
of consumer durables and 
make people . pay. more for 

t-',. . 

public utilities like heating, 
lighting and telephones. An 
end is predicted for wheat 
subsidies, now costing foe 
country foe equivalent of £1 
billion a year. But such mea- 
sures, however necessary to 
adjust the economic plan, will 
risk widening the divisions in 
Brazil's far from egali tarian 

As far as investment- goes, 
most large multilateral com- 
panies wifi probably ' want to 
have a sight of the new 
Brazilian constitution before 
committing themselves. From 

next February, Fariiament will 
have an additional role, rewrit- 
ing the constitution for the 
sixth time ' in foe nation's 
history. It is uncertain, for 
instance; how long Senhor 
Sarney himself wifi stay in 
office. When he took up the 
post, on foe untimely death of 
the president-elect Tancxedo 
Neves, it was in theory fin- six 
years. At the time Senhor 
Sarney said be would serve for 
no longer than four years. But 
with a popularity rating of 80 
per cent in the opinion polls, 
might he now change his 

It is not going to be an eaty 
ride for foe President and his 
Ministers. But at least they are 
now. firmly in the saddle. 
Political stability will not guar- 
antee Brazil’s economic recov- 
ery. Bui the recovery is likely 
to be short-lived without ft. 

. • .V 

From Admiral of the Fleet Lord 

Sir, Yesterday’s announcement by 
Lord Trefgarue in the House of 
Lords that Lloyd’s Register of 
Shipping have been appointed to 
conduct the official inquiry into 
hull forms for frigates ana destroy- 
ers is most welcome. The terms of 
reference subsequently published 
On Hansard) in answer to my 
written question seem to me to 
delineate the essential task with 
great clarity, rightly emphasising 
the future and not the past 
The recent report of the 
committee which I chaired con- 
cluded that there was sufficient 
evidence to suggest that the so- 
called short/fet concept for frigate 
design merited more senous 
consideration than it had pre- 
viously been afforded, as an 
alternative to the traditional 
long/thin design. However, we 
recognised that without access to 
classified information or detailed 
technical expertise, ft would be 
necessary for our findings to be 
validated by recognised and 
impartial expels. 

Lloyd’s Register are ideally 

suited for this task. They are a 
body whose authority and 
impartiality are widely respected, 
and I am in no doubt that they wfil 
produce ^report winch should be 
accepted by all those who have 
been involved in this controversy. 

It is a matter which has been left 
unresolved for too long. It is now 
of the greatest importance for 

Suez and Falklands 

From Mr P. J. Freeman 
Sir, Sir John Nott (feature, 
November 6) has allowed his 
vendetta against the Royal Navy 
to cloud his analysts of defence 
planning in foe tight of Suez and 
foe Falldands. He implies that the 
reason for maintaining an opera- 
tional fleet of two aircraft carriers 
and 50 escorts is “nostalgia for the 
days of Empire, the protection of 
the Suez Canal and India*’. 

In feet the Royal Navy has, for 
at least the past decade, aban- 
doned any serious worldwide 
capability and has concentrated 
on tasks in support ofNato in the 
Eastern Atlantic and Norwegian 
sea areas. The two carriers, which 
Sir John Nott says we cannot now 
afford, are, as he most know, 
primarily anti-submarine warfare 
ships designed for these Nato tasks 
and are quite different from the 

strike carriers of “East-of-Suez” 
days. Nevertheless, naval forces 
possess the inherent flexibility to 
undertake exceptional operations, 
such as the recovery of the 
Falldands, as a diversion from 

their main task. 

- The 1981 Defence Review 
threatened to reduce the Royal 
Navy’s assets so drastically that 
not mily would its capability for 
“out of area” operations have 
been removed tmt its ability to 
fulfil its prime Nato tasks would 
have been seriously weakened. 

This was the main reason why 
the review attracted such criticism 
and it is ironic that one result of 

the Falkland* campaign has hw»n a 

Royal Navy marginally better 
equipped for its Nato task than Sir 
John Nott appears to have wished. 
Yours faithfully, 


2! Clarkson Road, 


Future of N Ireland 

From Mr Jeremy Burchill 
Sir, The political paralysis in 
Ulster referred to in your editorial 
(November 10) is the direct result 
of the Hillsborough Agreement, 
which was the product of adroit 
exploitation of terrorism by the 
Irish Government. Whilst abhor- 
ring terror, they capitalised upon 
its existence to secure political 
advantage for themselves. 

The interests of the Unionist 
community haying been so 
contempt ousiy ignored,' It is 
scarcely surprising that respon- 
sible leaders refuse to give 
credibility to a tystem of admin- 
istration which is patently inimi- 
cal to their interests. 

Unionists have retained then- 
self-esteem and will to triumph 
over adversity. Their policy has 
(with few exceptions) been one of 
the non-violent withdrawal of 
consent If political leaders are 
reduced to sitting “on the sidelines 
malting futile gestures” this is the 

logical consequence of the 
Hillsborough syndrome which has 
afflicted government thinking 
over the past year. There could 
have been no other scenario to a 
policy designed to subordinate the 
interests of the British community 
in Ulster to those of an Irish State 
which shares neither its aspira- 
tions nor ethos. 

The task for the Prime Minister 
is to devise a means whereby the 
citizenship of the province can be 
underpinned, whilst contempora- 
neously guaranteeing to those 
whose allegiance lies elsewhere 
those rights which the detorate of 
mainland Britain takes for 
granted. Can there by any doubt 
that equal citizenship is fast 
becoming the only option? 




Tollesbury Road, 

Tolieshunt D’Arcy, 


November 11. 

Front-line stability 

From the Reverend Brian J. Brown 
Sir, The Secretary-General of the 
International Society for Human 
Rights declares the restoration of 
human rights in Mozambique to 
be fundamental to the attainment 
of stability in the region (Novem- 
ber 4). 

It is perplexing that he makes no 
mention of the activities of foe 
guerrillas of the Mozambique 
National Resistance, foe major 
factor in denying to the people of 
Mozambique the right to live; nor 
does he mention foe proven 
participation of South Africa in 
destabilizing foe region. These are 
serious omissions for one promot- 
ing foe cause of human rights. 

The ISHR believes aid to foe 
Government of Mozambique 
most depend upon the withdrawal 
of foreign troops from foe country, 
who allegedly “do much damage 
to the people”. The re fe r en ce is 
presumably to Zimbabwean 
troops, foe invited partners of 
Freluno in seeking to secure the 
Beira transport corridor, with its 
benefits for both countries. 

Approximately $200 million 
has been pledged for the immedi- 

ate implementation of a transport 
rehabilitation programme in this 
corridor. Does the ISHR wish 
Frelimo to abandon this pro- 
gramme and capitulate to South 
Africa’s plan to keep these coun- 
tries dependent? 

The Council of Churches in 
Mozambique does not support foe 
ISHR’s claims that foreign troops 
are a major source of then- 
people's hurt and that Christians 
are slaughtered and bibles burnt 
by Ftelimo. The British Council of 
Churches has asked ISHR for their 
documentation so as to pursue the 
matter. Meanwhile we can but 
repeat foe assertion of our sister- 
coundl that religious freedom is 
encouraged by Frelimo. 

Help given by HMG in training 
Frelimo soldiers in traditions of 
discipline and service must not be 
withdrawn. To talk, as does the 
ISHR, of training Marxist murder- 
ers is to use rhetoric ill-befitting a 
serious human rights 

Yours etc, 


Africa Secretary, 

Brtish Council of Churches, 

2 Eaton Gate, SW1. 

November 6. 

Reform of Lords 

From Mr Nicholas Paget-Brown 
Sir, As your recent series of 
articles indicates (November 10- 
12), the House of Lords has 
undoubtedly proved a more eff- 
ective critic of the Government in 
the years since 1979 than the 
Labour Party which continues to 
favour foe abolition of the second 

This opposition to the present 
House of Lords is based on the 
view that it is unrepresentative in 
its composition, fan ignores the 
fact that this could be rectified by a 
limited degree of reform. The only 
conclusion which can be drawn 
from this is that the Labour Party 
is opposed to a revisionary cham- 
ber of any kind. 

This cannot be good for eff- 

ective, considered, government 
The House of Lords, faced with 
probable abolition by a Labour 
administration, could not, and 
would not, function in the way 
that it has been able to in recent 
years. It would either become 
preoccupied with its own survival 
or, if granted a stay of execution, 
would feel obliged to tread more 
warily with Labour than with 
Conservative governments. 

Perhaps, therefore, the Labour 
Party could explain why its 
present policy xs designed to 
ensure that Fariiament is only able 
to f ulfil its scrutinising, critical 
function successfully when the 
Conservative Party is in power. 
Yours faithfully, 


43 Phil beach Gardens, W5. 
November 13. 

Nuclear deterrence 

From Mr Paul Rogers 
Sir, H. A. Saigeaunt (November 
12) argues in relation to nuclear 
deterrence that 

the greater the' “uncertainty” in the 
forecasts made by both sides, the 
greater the deterrence. It is the 
degree of “uncertainty”, not the 
degree of “fear'* that is critical. 

ft is a comforting but fun- 
damentally flawed analysis. 
Under crisis circumstances, un- 
certainty does not necessarily 
produce caution — indeed ft is 
more likely to induce pre- 

The notion that uncertainty is 
stabilising is only relevant if one 
believes that wars are planned and 
organised in an orderly manner. 
They rarely are. A nuclear war is 
far more likely to escalate from a 
messy, unmanaged and un- 
expected crisis with neither side 
“planning” to use nuclear weap- 
ons. In such circumstances un- 
certainty will tend to encourage 

Yours faithfully, 



H alias Road. 

Kirkburton, West Yorkshire. 

NnvMnhm- I? 

capability of the Royal Navy, and 
therefore for defence policy as a 
whole, that full consideration be 
given to aQ the arguments and that 
the issue be quickly and finally 

I am entirety confident that 
Lloyd’s Register will now provide 
authoritative giririanty on the 
most cost-effective design concept 
for future frigates and destroyers 
for the Royal Navy. I am fairly 
sure that Lloyd's Register win 
share my hope that until theft- 
inquiry is complete a prolonged 
public silence should be observed 
by all those with axes to grind. 

I remain. Sir, your obedient 


House of Lords. 

November 14. 

Disabled tenants’ 
right to buy 

From the Director of the Royal 
Association for Disability and 

Sir, Mr Anthony Smith (Novem- 
ber 1 1) has drawn attention to the 
discriminatory aspects of “right to 
buy" legislation relating to hous- 
ing for people with disabilities. 

The Royal Association for 
Disability and Rehabilitation and 
a number of housing associations 
accepted the exclusion of disabled 
people from foe “right to buy” if 
the housing unit was built and 
designed specifically for wheel- 
chair users. There is a serious 
shortage of rented accommoda- 
tion suitable for wheelchair users 
and it would be unfortunate if a 
house purchased by a disabled 
person and adapted for them was 
subsequently sold to a person who 
was not disabled and the rare 
special facilities were lost. 

When Parliament considered 
extending the “right to buy” to the 
tenants of housing associations, it 
decided that because of the short- 
age of such property all tenants of 

housing awnriariftn^ fhn p | ( f be 

excluded from the provisions. 
However, most housing associ- 
ation tenants are entitled to a 
transferable discount equal to the 
discount to which they would 
have been entitled if they had the 
“right to buy”. 

The transferable discount can 
then be used to purchase property 
on the open market, releasing 
housing association accommoda- 
tion for other tenants. Unfortu- 
nately disabled people who 
occupy wheelchair housing were 
excluded from the transferable 
discount provisions and are there- 
fore foe subject of a unique form 

Of Hiiyriminatinn 

The Minister of Housing has 
recently declined to extend the 
transferable discount provision to 
disabled people but indicated he 
would consider offering small 
grants to them. These grants will 
almost certainly be lower in value 
than a transferable discount, thus 
malting it even more difficult fin- 
disabled tenants to move from 
housing association or local 
authority accommodation and be- 
come owner-occupiers. 

It seems regrettable that dis- 
abled people are not being given 
equal opportunities to be among 
the one million new home ownera 
which Government has set as its 

Yours faithfullv, 

The Royal Association for 
Disability and Rehabilitation, 

25 Mortimer Street, Wl. 
November 13. 

Racing handicaps 

From Mr P. S. Knight 
Sir, The matters raised by Mr 
Hislop in his letter (November 1 1 ) 
concerning the defeat of Dancing 
Brave in the Breeders’ Cup are 
unworthy. Had these matters been 
raised by others in the letters and 
articles to which he refers, what 
has been an absorbing and 
exhilarating flat racing season 
would have ended on a sour note. 

Occasionally a racehorse cap- 
tures the imagination of a far 
wider public than those who 
patronise foe sport. Dancing 
Brave was such a horse (Brigadier 
Gerard was another). The connec- 
tions of Dancing Brave have more 
than honoured their obligations to 
the sport by running him on five 
racecourses in the United King- 
dom as well as delighting a huge 
crowd in Paris. 

If they “went to the well” once 
too often by going to California, 
who shall blame them. They did 
so with full knowledge that the 
rules governing the administra- 
tion of what we would regard as 
“other than a normal nutrient” are 
different. The commentators that 

1 have read have indicated either 
that Dancing Brave was beaten by 
a better horse or by a better horse 
on the day. 

I am sure that most of us would 
not wish to be labelled as 
whingeing Limeys by being asso- 
ciated with any implication that 
the opposition cheated or by 
casting unwarranted aspersions on 
the quality of their racecourses. 
Yours faithfully, 


12 Cleveland Row, 

Si James’s, SWI. 

November 11. 

Sport ‘domination’ 

From Mr F. D. Goode 
Sir, I may have had rather more 
experience of Latin — and other — 
domination in sport than your 
correspondent, J. Fitzpatrick 
(November 4). 

From 1957 for 10 years I was 
Secretary General of the Federa- 
tion Internationale Motocydiste 
in Geneva. We had some 46 
member nations. 

During that time I saw the 
organization slip away from the 
control of genuine, disinterested 
sportsmen and become domi- 
nated by personal and political 
ambitions. The South American 
members could seldom afford to 
send delegates to congresses in 
Europe and naturally gave their 
proxy votes to Spaniards, who 
therefore had a bloc vote. 

We were unwise enough to 
admit East Germany, and there- 
after we had a Sonet bloc vote. 
This, combined with the Spanish 
vote, dominated our Federation 
and forced through partisan and 
political policies. 

I resigned in disgust in 1968. 
Yours etc. 


2 Glebe Gose. 



Nnvpmhir 5 

NOVEMBER 18 1854 

After the gallantry of the Light 
Brigade's charge at Balaclava (On 
Tnis Day, November 14, 1985) 
came the reckoning. One source 
gives casualties as about 40 per 
cent of those engaged on the 
British side, another states that 
out of 607 horsemen who set out 
198 returned. The Russian 
generaTs observation on the 
charge echoes that attributed to 
die French General Bosquet: 
“(Jest magnifique, mais ce n'est 
pas la guerre * 



(From Our Special Correspondent.) 

Camp Before Sebastopol, O cL 2S. 
After the despatch of my letter 
to-day, I learnt that Captain 
Feilowes, aide-de-camp, had been 
wmt in with a flag of truce to the 

Russian wnwp on the Tchcnuys, 

to ascertain the particulars of our 
loss and to communicate with our 
wounded and captive officers, if the 
Russians would allow him to do so. 
Somewhat injudiciously, perhaps, 
he was also authorized to de m a n d 

permission that we might bury the 
dead who might have been left in 
front of the Russian lines. It was 
imagined that the enemy had not 
performed this doty, as many 
bodies could be seen lying unburied 
on the field. . . . Captain Feilowes 
went in, attended far a trumpeter, 
with a flag of truce, and Mr. 
Manassion, an Armenian, attached 
as interpreter to the head-quartern 
staff The trumpeter blew a blast 
from time to time as he rode on, 
and when the little party ap- 
proached the Un«»g of th» Russians, 
and passed through the fatal field 
where so many of our poor fellows 
had been mowed down by the 
deadly artillery of the enemy, two 
Russian officers, accompanied by 
two Cossack Lancers, rode forward 
to meet them. The Russians, both 
of whom spoke French, asked what 
the object of the flag of truce was! 
They were told that Lord Raglan 
had sent in to ascertain what 
officers of our cavalry were alive in 
foe hands of the Russians, and to 
receive any letters they might be 
allowed to forward to their coun- 
trymen. One of the Russian officers 
stud, “You will be good enough to 
turn round, for you cannot ap- 
proach our camp so near. This is an 
affair for the General to deal with, 
and I shall communicate with 
him.” He rode away, and the 
remaining Russian and his two 

Cossacks, having seen that the 
Rnglish officer and his followers 

turned round so as to have their 
backs to the camp, begged of them 
to advance still further, so as to 
recede from the Russian lines, and 
then accompanied them slowly 
back with his Cossacks, watching 
carefully that none of the parry 
moved his head over his shoulder. 
They saw as they rode back that 
some of the dead horses had had 
large pieces cut out of them to 
furnish food for the Cossacks- 
Indeed that is not wonderful, as the 
Zouaves, in some instances, have 
cut choice steaks of horseflesh 
from the bodies of the fatter 
quadrupeds killed in action, and 
they pronounce them to be 

In a few moments an elderly 
officer, a c companied by a small 
staff and attended by the Russian 
who had ridden to seek him. rode 
towards their flank, and. in a gruff, 
harsh voice, exclaimed “Je suis le 
general en chef ieft que voulez vous 
de moi Messieurs?" It is supposed 
that he announced his position in 
order to prevent Captain Feilowes 
asking Ids tuttw, or Hpmanriing 
information as to the title of the 
person who addressed him. Cap- 
tain Feilowes explained the object 
of his mission, and when he ca me 
to the portion of his message 
referring to the permission for 
burying the dead, the Russian 
General, in a tone of great indigna- 
tion exclaimed, “We have buried 
the dead. Tell my Lord Raglan that 
we are Christians, and. though we 
make war, we perform all the duties 
of Christians! The dead are buried. 
The wounded are taken care of." 
The Russian General then received 
two letters, supposed to contain 
money and keys, which Captain 
Feilowes had been charged with 
from two Russian officers in our 
bands. He took out his glasses to 
read the direction, and as he did so 
for the first time he deigned to 
bestow a quick sharp glance over 
the rim at the officer who ad- 
dressed him. Finally, he declared 
he did not know the names of the 
officers in the hands of his troops, 
but said that if Captain Feilowes 
returned tomorrow he would com- 
municate with him — that he would 
ascertain their names, and would 
have any letters they might wish to 
transmit conveyed to him for 
delivery. His tone became more 
courteous towards the dose of the 
interview, and as Captain Feilowes 
retired the General said, “Vous 
m’excuserez si je vous dise que 
votre attaque de 23me etait unef- 
attaque bete. parlant scion fa loi 
milhaiie" or words to that effect. 

Outlook uncertain - 

From Mr J. M. G. Hoisted 
Sir. Yes. I believe Miss Hill' 
(November 1 1) is right; but I go ^ 
further. The editors of the French - 
phrase books have considerately 
endeavoured to save us from*- 
embarrassment. The French, you 1 
see. are a cultivated people, and ^ 
talk about higher things. • ^ 

For an English man or woman ;; 
to open a conversation with a" 
French person oo the subject of;, 
the weather would cause astonish- 
ment or disbelief, or worse. a"\ 
realisation that the English 
indeed the crude or uncultured 
persons they had been brought up ■ 
to believe but never expected to 

Yours faithfullv. 7 


4 Albert Court. 

Albert Road, 

Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. 

Knwmhcr I ! 

fSSgi; : <6 ?gS?5f*S,it8'¥iSS ISSS-s- «« 





: Pictures by Nick Rogers 

the move in the 

i *• 'V:\. 

' • . ■ , . • •- */ 7 



.tv 'r;;- 

-VI;- : . 

Left: On the right Uses 
, wunmicdniriiw trials fiff 
two of the Docklands Light 
Railway trains, aid right, 
cranes from the old docks 
present a stark contrast to a 
gleaming new development 
■ on the Isle of Dogs 


r ' J 1 

P 1 ' - ’ *•*" 

. .. 

w J^JV 

■ , Aii / ‘-'i* 'w: 

ta " , - X, v . , ~ . c 

rguir« M * . . 

_~-r' - 

A remarkable 
transformation is 
under way in one of 
the most rundown 
areas of the country. 
The Docklands 
project, the largest of 
its kind ever 
contemplated, is 
prosperity in a once- 
derelict part of 

F ive years after its 
inception, the 
London Docklands 
Corporation has con- 
founded many of its critics by 
achieving against all the odds 
what even its most intractable 
opponents would grudgingly 
agree is a remarkable trans- 
formation of one of die most 
rundown areas in die country. 
The Docklands project, the 

largest of its kind ever 
contemplated, is up and run- 
ning in a big way. Even the 
extremists on the local La- 
bour-controlled borough 
councils are meeting LDDC 
officials, talking about 
developments and contribut- 
ing to what is now an unstop- 
pable force. 

The Greater London Coun- 
cil refused to acknowledge the 
LDDCs existence — but the 

former is now relegated to die 
archives, while the latter, 
according to its dedicated 
officers, is a runaway success. 
Christopher Benson, the 
chairman says: “The Dock- 
lands dream is coming true.** 

And success has allowed the 
use of more and more super- 
latives. The latest publicity 
blurb describes the docklands 
as “the exceptional place”. 

Reg Ward, the LDDC chief 

executive since the be ginning 
of the corporation and in- 
defatigable campaigner for 
Docklands development, talks 
no longer of urban regenera- 
tion but of the “emerging 
city”. The project has gone 
beyond simple factory build- 
ing to creation of a city within 
a city, he says. 

A combination of the 
mechanism of the LDDC and 
the synergy of the individuals 


who ran it, he says, has 
brought about a much quicker 
acceptance from the private 
sector that the Docklands 
revival was going to work. The 
rapidity of achieving a finan- 
cial return has convinced 
hard-nosed City and property 
investors that putting money 
into the docks is not the high- 
risk venture is was once 
believed to be. 

Mr Benson says: “The num- 
ber of firms and financiers 
who have switched from say- 
ing ‘maybe’ to a solid Ve’re 
interested 1 has been - .quite 
extraordinary these last 12 
months”. It is all part of the 
growing momentum and the 
desire to be part of the success 
of docklands.” 

Mr Ward identifies six fro 
tors in the LDDCs success: 
the changed views about 
Docklands, the advent of the 
Docklands Light Railway and 
its extension to Bank station 
in the City, the creation of the 
Isle of Dogs Enterprise Zone, 
the agreement to locate the 
London City Airport in the 
Royal Docks, the siting in the 
docks of the London Earth 
Satellite Teleport and the 
massive proposed develop- 
ment of a new financial dis- 
trict at Canary Wharf 
“In retrospect,” be says, 
“you can see how each initia- 
tive has impacted on the 

But the speed of the accep- 
tance by outsiders that dock- 
lands revival was working has 
also brought problems to the 
LDDC. In particular. Ward 
now frees a considerable bat- 
tle in persuading the govern- 
ment to commit more public 
funds more quickly into bufid- 
rag the vital infrastructure 
that is still needed in many 
parts of the docks. 

The pump priming expen- 
diture of the corporation 
should reach its peak much 
earlier than expected, he be- 
lieves. and then tail off rap- 
idly. “If we can maintain toe 
level of government spending 
it means that the leverage on 
private sector investment is 
greater, the timescale for 
development is shorter, and 
the residual cost on the public 
sector is lower.” 

The demands he is making 
on Whitehall are now entirely 
due to the “sheer 
acceleration” of the pro- 
gramme. “It would be absurd 
to let the momentum drop, 

but initially there is a high 
price to pay; after that the 

price to pay; after that the 
return to the Government is 

“The trouble is that the 
peak has come at a time that is 
inconvenient for the present 

One specific project that 
Ward is keen to start working 
on isa further extension of the 
light railway into the Royal 
Docks. He has been lobbying 
for enabling legislation rather 
than a blanket agreement from 
the government on the ground 
that he can then start drum- 
ming up the necessary private 

He is confident that half of 
the £120m needed for the 
Royal Docks extension could 
be gleaned from private inves- 

He quickly becomes im- 
patient with civil servants and 
their lack of appreciation, he 
believes, of the way the LDDC 
operates. “We are managing 
uncertainly, but in the public 
sector so much time is wasted 
creating certainty. That is not 
what happens in the real 

“We have no land use plan 
or grand design; our plans are 
essential marketing images. 
The feeling of cohesion in 

docklands comes in 

He complains at being “the 
most audited oiganizanon in 
the country” and must annoy 
Whi tehall officials with his 
declaration not to be too 
concerned with efficiency but 
with effectiveness. In terms of 
simply creating jobs the 
LDDC has been an expensive 
tool, but Wahl and his teams 
prefer to talk about the 

should the Labonr Party be 
returned to power. Labour 
does not support de velopment 
corporations- . Ward says he 
would hope to convince an • 
incoming Labour administra- 
tion that the LDDC is creating 
new prosperity, “and tac- 
tically they ought want 10 
embrace and take credit for 
our activities”. 

The uncertain future is now 
underlining the debate about 
how long the LDDC should 
remain in existence. It was- 
envisaged that its task would 


k— ^ 

.opportunities for both capital 
and labonr created by the 
rebirth of the docks: To date, 
the corporation have spent 
about £380m of which about 
£2S0m have been direct pump 
priming. This has attracted 
about £1.5bn of private sector 
capital, a figure that with the 
Canary Wharf* and Royal 
Docks developments could 
reach £6bn but there is un- 
certainty at the LDDC be- 
cause of the impending 
general election and the policy 

take 20 to 25 years, but Ward 
now hopes that the job will be 
largely completed in half that 
time. / 

One view is that the 
regeneration of docklands is 
such an enormous task that 
the corporation should remain 
as the chief force until it is 
completed. But Ward believes 
that the local authorities 
should be able to assume 
responsibility for their areas of 
docklands more quickly. 
When everyone is finally shar- 
ing the same perception and 
all are firmly committed then 
the question of whether we 
need the LDDC becomes far 
more valid.” 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Experts agree 


have become 

more friendly. 

impression that the cheetah 
is a particularly uncuddly 
animal, there are well over 
45,000 office workers who’d 
beg to disagree. 

That’s the number of British 
Telecom's Cheetah Tfelex machines 
in use in Britain. 

However, when it came to design- 
ing the latest model we could still 
see room to improve our best seller. 
Hence the launch of the brand new 
Cheetah Plus. 

Then there was the Autocall 
facility. This enables the operator 
to leave the machine to despatch 
messages, and keep trying even if 
the number's engaged. 

An Impressive Memory 

The Cheetah proved to have an 
impressive memory, calling up 100 
or more often-used numbers at the 
press of two buttons. 

And it proved extremely docile, 

cittinemniflHn r_ . , . 

Ernst &Whinney 

Accountants, Advisers, Consul cants . J 

& «&] 

Borin Houn. I Lambeth PjLkc Raid, London SEJ TElZiy. 01-9ZS 30Q& 


Isle of style? Architectural ; 
grace m a commercial bufid- ; 
mgs on the “Dogs” j 

The True Experts 

And who better to test it out than 
the true experts — the secretaries 
who’ll be using it day-in, day-ouL 

We’re glad to say they’ve given 
it the thumbs-up. What did they go 
for particularly? 

For a start, there was the large 
VDU screen and editing facilities 
that make it so much easier to pro- 
duce word-perfect messages. • 

- ----- ■ — auuiuj, 

receiving messages without disturb- 
ing tiie preparation of outgoin g ones. 

So there you have it. Cheetahs 

really are friendlier. 

For further information simply 

call us free on 0800 400 466 or write 

to British Tfelecom Telex, Freepost 
BS3333, Bristol BS14YP 

Get on in business. Get on the 


teleco m 

*■ w - ^ 

, 7 ?*' T r . • % * 




~T "*)>T 

^ ^ .a-jt / *> ' t 



River of revival: the Thames beyond Tower Bridge winds by what (heLondon Docklands Development Corporation describes as Europe’s most Avrhing 
inner-city development of the decade. From Wanninaf to the Roval Docks, einht rnnare miles are heino rievelnnml fnr nunnurmi ... 

Wapping to the Royal Docks, eight square miles are being developed for commercial and residential use 




In the development of any enterprise, smoothness and 
efficiency are critical. 

So for Docklands power without problems, choose gas. 

We have the systems: which is only to be expected from 
the people who have served London for 150 years. 

We are also opening a new service centre right in the heart 

of Docklands at Beckton. 

We have the latest technology, too: from combined heat 
and power units to new high efficiency condensing boilers. 

Little wonder that pur natural energy has found favour with 
so many heating engineers. We can fuel your enterprise and 
your home like no one else can. 

British Gas 1 

North Thames • South Eastern 




Designing Docklands 

C onsulting engineers are proudly playing a major role in 
creating the new face of London's Docklands. From 
work\ on the Stolport and the light railway to residential and 
commercial development design, from refurbishing listed 
buildings to flood protection measures these and scores of 
other ways members of the Association of Consulting Engineers 
are providing vital services for Europe's most exciting urban 
development project 


Consulting Engineers 

AUanoe House. 12 Caxcan Street. London SWIH OQL 
Tet 01-222 6557 

ACE members' firms contrfotfwg to the Doddonds efevctopment progra mm e tndwfe: Ove Amp & Partners 

• WS Atkka & Partners • Bales & Gilhbrand • Alan Baxter & AssooaJes • BMMK CoOerell • Btidde & 
Partners • Bullen & Fortners • Clarke Nictate andMcaxxl • Brian Cokfdnun and Fomas • Dole & 
GoMfinger ■ De Lew Chadwick OhEocha • Ewbank Preece Consulting Group oWA Fauhun z & Partners 

• John Farqubarm Partnership • Ciflbrd & Partners • Frank Gratmn & Partners • Sir Wtifiam Hakraw & 
Partners* Harris & Sutherland • Lawrence Hewitt & Partners* Peter H H3J & Partners • Husband & 
Company • JMP Consultants Ltd • Kennedy Henderson Ltd • tans & Duwwer • Mod; Hay & Anderson • 
Rendel Pointer & TnaaaUtf • RFTEaxiarruc Scu&csGravpUdo Sir Frederick Snow & Partners* SB Tietz 
& Partners • Tnnnportotiun Planning Associates • The Waterman Partnership 



Testing for miracles 
on the Isle of Dogs 

At the heart of the East End and at die heart of dockland revival: 

Teamwork in Construction, 
Property and Homes Worldwide] 

the Isle of Dogs is tiie key to the great enterprise 

9 Ask any pro- lands and it demands an 
* .A. ' moter of environment to suit Such an 

London's economy also m ak e s it easier 
docklands to fulfil the LDDCs avowed 
Oil 09H what makes 
uJfl the place so 
•KoTiimB! special and the 

Taylor Woodrow have a proven track record in all aspects 
of Construction, Property and Homes. 

Today there are thousands of team members worldwide, 
and they are our greatest asset It is this abundance of resources 
and expertise that has enabled Taylor Woodrow not only to 
achieve success in these areas, but also in coal and gas produc- 
tion, sand and gravel operations and a host of allied activities. 

To satisfy our clients’ requirements and to 
deliver on time and to budget die team brings a 


tradition of craftsmanship and care to every job, together with 
the very best of modem technology. 

Our successful philosophy office enterprise and team- 
work is amply demonstrated by the range and variety of projects 
both large and small in which Taylor Woodrow team members 
are currently involved in all five continents. 

If you need help with a UJC project please contact Ted 
Page on 01-575 4354 and for overseas please contact 
Bob Tippins on 01-997 664L 


of hyperbole is 
! water. There are, as the glossy 
brochures tmfeilingfy remind 
us, 450 acres of docks and 55 
miles of water's edge: 

It is water, from the horse- 
shoe-shaped bend of the River 
1 Thames round the Isle of Dogs 
to the brooding, leaden depths 
I of the Royal Docks five miles 
I to the east, that underpins 
i docklands' efarim to be the 
| “truly exceptional place**. 

Tins area will be the key, 
two or three decades from 
now, in judging whether the 
planners and developers have 
made a nrirade east of Tower 
Bridge or whether they have 
merely compounded a famil- 
iar urban mess. 

This may sound obvious 
but it was not always so. The 
inner London boroughs which 
once exercised sway over 
docklands spent much time 
and money filling in docks in 
the 1960s and 1970s to build 
council houses on them. 

Surrey Docks suffered 
particularly. It is to the credit 
of the London Docklands 
Development Corporation 
that this has largely stopped 
and that the enormous poten- 

Estate agents 
now dabble 
. in aesthetics 

tial of dockland waterscapes 
as the central design feature of 
redevelopment has been 

In several [daces, water in 
the shape of canals to provide 
a connecting landscape, theme 
is actually being brought back. 

Such attention to genius loci 
sits ill with the reputation of 
the LDDC for a hard-nosed, 
no-nonsense approach to 
regeneration. What prompts a 
body described by a critic as 
being a “bunch of small- 
minded estate agents* 1 to dab- 
ble in aesth e ti c s? The answer 
is an odd one: free-market 
economics. The quality of 
design in docklands is market- 

Britain’s most ambitious 
exercise in urban regeneration 
will when it is completed, 
furnish a conspicuous and 
highly enduring testimonial to 
the abilities of the free market 
to produce places, as well as 
products, that satisfy the 

It is this which explains the 
LDDCs interest in water. For 
the yuppies, market-makers 
and City refugees who are now 
clamouring for a toehold in 
the booming docklands pri- 
vate property market, water 
means play, while access to 
dock and riverside means 
amenity, views and even 
higher house prices. 

The difference in perspec- 
tive is not merely one of 
generation or even of social 
dass. It is the beginning of a 
new chapter in social history. 

.One due to this lies in the 
changing structure of dock- 
lands employment. 
Manufacturing's share of jobs 
dropped fro; 

has dropped from 38 per cent 
in 1981 to 2 2 percent Hotels, 
catering and distribution now 
top the fist at 33 per cent and 
financial and business services 
account for 24 per cent. . 

A service and leisure econ- 
omy is now arising in dock- 


Experience, Expertise, Teamwork Worldwide. 

Australia ■ Bahamas • Bahrain ■ Brunei • Canada • China • Denmark - Egypt ■ Falkland Islands Gabon Ghana • Gibraltar • Great Britain - Guyana Hong Kon<* 
Indonesia ■ Ipq • Malaysia • New Zealand ■ Nigeria / Oman • Qatar ■ Saudi Arabia • Singapore • Spain * Thailand - Trinidad • UAE. - USA. * . 



Smafl business apartment s and of. 
Boa states from 1 .400 sq ft attracting 
100 % capital aBowances against in- 
come or corporation tax and no 
rates payable wr*u Aprs 1992. 

Fufl deiaBs from Sole Agents 
Ctapgtnws, 237 East India Dock 
Road. London E1«. Tai 01 -SI 5-8800 
Telex 806*631. 



Collins J 


A huge selection of 
, properties available 
from £37,000 • £350,000 
throughout Docklands 

Open 7 days a week 

01-538 1821 
28 Skylines, 

Lime Harbour 
London E14 9TS. 



aim of mixing up housing with 
offices and businesses, to cre- 
ate more balanced commu- 
nities where people can live, 
work and [day. 

Examples of such delib- 
erately mixed development 
include Surrey Quays, on the 
south bnnfc of the Thames 
along from Tower Bridge, 
where a 270,000 sq ft Tesco 
superstore, with up to 30 
smaller shops, and the new 
Mail Newspapers printing 
centre, will share a reclaimed 
landscape with a variety of 
new housing schemes. 

In the Isle of Dogs enter- 
prise zone, those able to afford 
at least £110,000 for a two- 
bedroom or three-bedroom 
house in the attractive Roger 
Malcolm development at 
Clippers Quay, wil] have a fine 
view across the watery ex- 
panse of Millwall docks, of the 
following: the new Daily Tele- 
graph printing plant, a set of 
offices taken by American 
bankers Merrill Lynch, a 
£600,000 publicly funded 
community water sports 
centre, the 200.000 sq ft multi- 
purpose Docklands sports and 
entertainment arena, and the 
projected £70 million Brunei 

Beyond all this, of course, 
will be the controversial triple 
towers of Canary Wharfs rising 
some 850 ft above the dock- 
lands skyline. 

Laurie Olin, one of the 
designers of Canary Wharf; 
believes the scale of docklands 
— a scale in which “vast liners 
were easily accommodated" 
and gigantic power stations 
and suos looked right — means 
that large towering buildings 
are entirely appropriate. 

A place where 
people would 
really like to live 

If such talk sounds un- ' 
comfortably like the mega- 
lopolrtan visions of Le 
Corbusier or Mies van der 
Rohe, which subsequently 
drove many unwilling citizens 
up into tower-blocks, consider 
that docklands will be a place 
where people will, largely, 
choose to live. 

The post-industrial water 
city of tiie 21st century is 
shaping itself accor ding to 
consumer demand. But there 
is also an important lesson — 
the very uniqueness of dock- 
lands. both its water and its 
closeness to the heart of 
London, makes it a very poor 
model indeed for urban 
regeneration schemes any- 
where else. 

David Nichols on-Lord 

i - 



t FOCUS jj 


ready to 

the milli 

^ A trip through 

* iA. London’s 

docklands is 
the intellectual 

IS 191 “iwwtaitofa 

btwH 55“ «*s- 

The effect on 

visitors of see- 

mg SO mnrii 

concentrated activity, such 
intensity of budding and 
demolishing, is cathartic H 
usually, instantaneous, 
producing a numbed and 
dizzying sens a ti on of p mg r win, 
While opening a computer 
centre in the Isle of Dogs 
enterprise zone this summer, 
for example, Norman Tebbit 
enthused vigorously about the 
area's prospects. 

MiUwall and West India 
Docks, he forecast glowingly, 
could one day he transformed 
into a future Manhattan- on- 
Thames, a “Wall Street on 

If scale and speed of activity 
are a measure of success, then 
the London Docklands 
Development Corporation, af- 
ter a slowish start, has 
sucoeeeded wonderfhlly. 

Projects which five years 
ago would have been scoffed 
at — a 27-knot water bus 
service, an airport, a high- 
level railway linking with the 
heart of the City — now seem 

The “fast tracking” of 
projects is becoming standard; 
the new Daily Telegraph 
printing works was ready in 24 
months. The first “redevelop- 
ment of a redevelopment" — 
replacing a 130,000 sq ft 
MiUwall Dock warehouse, al- 
ready refurbished, with 
750,000 square feet of offices 
— will start shortly. . . 

Qoser inspection, however, 
reveals an altogether more 
variegated reality, with one or 
two persistent and as yet 
unsolved problems. 

Chief among the latter is the 
very real prospect that local ' 
people, whether or not they 
are elbowed out in the prop- 
erty boom, seem unlikely to 

share significantly in any fu- 
ture jobs bonanza except per- 
haps on the menial peripheries 
as waiter, porter and upstairs 

The LDDC, with- a growing 
range of training-based initfap 
lives, is trying bard to counter 
the focal drill? shortage, but 
there are many deeply-in- 
grained attitudes, and a cer- 
tain fataHsm, to overcome; 

A further problem, will be 
reconciling the increased 
of regeneration with a 

transport system that 

denly begins to look some- 
what sketchy. 

Tire mam reason for the 
variations in style and speed 
of redevelopment, however — ' 
apart from the Isle of Dogs’ 
highly privileged position as 
an en terprise zone — are tire 
variations in character within 
docklands itself 
It is not, as many outsiders 
might think, one big place but 
lots oflitile places, historically 
shut off from each other not 
merely by the River Thames 
but by the docks themselves. 

Each has its own identity, 
summed up most noticeably 
in around 310 listed buildings, 
from warehouses to 
Hawksmoor rfmtrhpy 
Local variations are another 
reason, ideology apart, why 
there is no “master-plan” for 
docklands. In its {dace there 
are fire ideas, drills mid 
imagination of developers, 
from which the LDDC iwitw 
its selection. Hence the 
im pro v em ent in overall de- 
sign as docklands grows more 
popular there are simply 
more ideas to choose from. 

The rule of thumb in dock- 
lands is that the further west 
you go from Tower Bridge, fire 
newer the activity. 

London Bridge City, 2 JS 
milliftn square feet of Ku- 
waiti-financed office space 
west of Tomer Bridge; already 
basks first phase fully let. 

Next to the bridge; Butler's 
Wharfs befog gutted to make 
way for loony penthouses and 

The Royals: the Victoria, Albert and George V Docks, with the Stolport ran way, centre, and the Thames Barrier, background left 

aCovent Garden-style scheme 
which will include fire world's 
first Design Museum, spon- 
sored by the Conran 

Probably the most familiar 
“gateway” to docklands, how- 
ever, and almost certainly the 
best known bit of dock 
regeneration '• is St. 
Katharine's, where redevelop- 
ment is now almost complete. 
The EEC Trade Marks office 
may be housed on one of its 
few remaining sites. • 

Beyond St Katharine’s lies 
Wapping and Iimebouse, a 
region of narrow streets, 

rniallj enclosed haring tall 

warehouses now undergoing 
conversion into hjgh-prioed 
apartments, ami private river 
frontages. The latter thwarting 
one of tire LDDCs few basic 
design philosophies, that of 
providing pubhc riverside ac- 

Wapping, of coarse, wit- 

nessed the first instalment in 
fire invasion of docklands by 
Fleet Street, in the shape of 
News Internati onal 
Following closely behind, in 
no particular order, are The 
Guardian, tire Daily Tele- 
graph, Mail Newspapers and 
the Financial Times. ■ 
Coupled with the prospect 
of a “City in exile” at Careary 
Wharf the moves have a. 
peculiar symbolism, lending 

Centre of gravity 

much credence to the daiinc 
of the LDDC that the centre of 
gravity of London, after centu- 
ries of shifting to the west, is in 
the process of a momentous 

Much of the developing 
character of Wapping will be 
determined by a highly am- 
bitious project to convert the . 

Sldn Floor warehouse of the 
old Tobacco Docks into a mix 
of shops, workshops and lei- 
sure facilities, again on the 
Covent Garden modeL 

The LDDC is also 
constructing a new landscaped 
canal linking Shadwell and. 
Hermitage basins, in recog-' 
ration of the feet that environ- 
mental quality is a powerful 
aid to regeneration. 

In no other part of dock- 
lands has this recognition 
been carried further in 
the old Surrey Docks. 

Here, more than a nywhe re 
else, the original docklands 
atmosphere has been oblit- 
erated and the resulting land- 
scape, flat and potentially 
anonymous, comes closest in 
feel to a postwar new town. 

To a notable degree, this 
placeiessness has been rem- 
edied by innovations such as 
the scenic water channel of the 

newly-constructed Albion Ca- 
nal and the man-made tu- 
mulus of Stave Hill, giving 
marvellous views over the 

Here, too, is the five-acre 
Rotberhithe ecological park, 
run by the Trust for Urban 
Ecology, the largest in Britain. 
Half a dozen other natural 
parks and city forms are 
dotted round docklands. 

In contrast to the staid and 

Jobs for 33,000 

low-rise look of the Surrey 
Docks, the Isle of Dogs, 
further east still, is boom 
town, a bright land of open 
spaces, breezy optimism and 
innovation, where Canary 
Wharf has suddenly trans- 
formed expectations. 

As a direct result, for exam- 
ple, the neighbouring “water 

village” of Heron Quays, will 
be more than doubled in size, 
rising 14 storeys high. 

Undoubtedly one of the 
most intriguing projects here 
is the £80 million proposal for 
a replica Chinatown around 
Poplar Dock, backed by devel- 
opers including Lord Wilson 
of Rievaulx, foe former La- 
bour Prime Minister. 

Coupled with similar 
“simulation” projects else- 
where — one current proposal 
is for a Club Mediterranee 
artificial tropic. The suspicion 
grows that parts of docklands 
ride being turned into large- 
scale adventures in pastiche; 
playfands where highly-paid 
professionals can escape from 
highly-stressed realities. 

If the risk exists, it is 
greatest cf all in the Royals, at 
the eastern most limit of file 
LDDCs remit, where foe vast, 
empty silences of the Victoria, 
Albert and George V docks 

cover 670 acres, fairly de- 
scribed as the most important 
urban redevelopment site in 
Europe. The area is already 
destined to bouse the new city 
airport, the Stolport 

Three consortia have put 
forward proposals for the 
Royal Docks, ranging in cost 
from £400 million to £750 
million and containing ideas 
such as a Londondrome — a 
25,000-seat stadium — a sci- 
ence park, a huge trademart 
and exhibition centre, an 
arboretum and a marine 
centre, as well as houses, 
shops and hotels. Four thou- 
sand houses are envisaged and 
33,000 jobs. 

Amid the many uncertain- 
ties that still surround the 
proposals, one thing is reason- 
ably assured:if they’ go ahead, 
they will go ahead fast and 
London will never be quite the 
same again. 


An unlikely story at first sight, perhaps^ But 
e which well illustrates the ripple-effect 
i con operate in the world s econcwpy. 
VHhen'the oil price took a tumble,. so 
fortunately did many companies. Among 
m was a large and long-established • 

restoration of one of Errands most 
frished {tiers, upon Mi the company 
I been workins until irs demise 

Happily, work on the pier was not after all 
interrupted, thanks to the swift initiative of 
the receiver. 

Also unaffected were thirty eight of the 
creditors with whom the ill-feted company 
had been associated 

They owe their immunity to the fact that 
they were insured with Trade Indemnity, 
against just the sort of unpredictable risk 
which could otherwise have brought them 
. * down. 

. ■ v* 

At Trade Indemnity, we can’t predict 
where financial problems may originate. 
But, for a tiny percentage of your turnover, 
we can safeguard your company against 

Allowing you to look forward to expan- 
sion, without looking over vour shoulder for 

We've over 65 years behind us and the 
widest range of policies available. 

. . For further information, contact us tiirea. 

/ > 

Trade Indemnity 

Sh«?ila Busman, Trade indtfmnavplc.Box 228. 12-3-iGi Eastern Sl, 

London EX2*A«Td'i>I "«-»fll Telex: 2123” 

?sls? z i-'S I'SSBgir « ss k a tuas** 



Traffic jams today, 
transport tomorrow 

<->■ r\ 

The contrast 
between tbe 
transport ser- 
vices tbat 
has, and those 
proposed for 
it, could hardly 
be greater. Amid the drum- 
banging for the fast roads, new 
railway, water-buses and 
international airport due to 
start operating in the next year 
or two, only a handful of bus 
routes at present joins the Isle 
of Dogs to the rest of London. 

It is, however, sobering, in 
view of the grand schemes for 
tbe area, to follow a large 
mechanical digger around the 

will be a showpiece for future 
work by British engineers. 

In feci the technology that 
takes the lightweight carnages 
around tighter curves and up 
steeper slopes than can con- 
ventional railways makes use 
of much from the area's rich 
industrial pash many of the 
rails are secondhand British 
Rail material, and much of tbe 
line follows old routes, such as 
those of the London and 
BlackwaU Railway, the North 
London Railway and the 
Millwall Extension Railway, 
using the sturdy bridges and 
viaducts left by their V ictorian 

The London Docklands 
Development Corporation 

the City eastwards to New- 
ham. The roads will even- 
tually link Docklands to the 
Mll and the M25. 

The corporation is putting 
in hand procedures for acquir- 
ing land for road projects, of 
which there are about a dozen 
large-scale schemes and many 
minor ones. 

A 1 206 Isle of Dogs perimeter should know by the end of this 
road, slowed by narrow month whether the private 

stretches and shaip bends. Bill for the Eastern extension 
Residents, already bitter at the towards Beckton and tbe pro- 

invasion of “big money”, as posed City Airport is likely to 
the local photo-montage pro- get through Parliament, a 

test campaign puts it, and the process that could take a year, 
first of the new work ” ~ ~ ~ 

force moving in, all 
testify to the un- No 

predictability of travel ina 

times on often- a I 

jammed roads. A 
brighter glimmer of — 

the future, the elegant red, 
white and blue carriages of the 
£77 million Docklands Light 

Once the area was a derelict 
No Man’s Land if only because of its 
inaccessibility. Today plans envisage 
a bold communications system tbat 
will pot it back on tne map 

Howard Potter, the 
corporation's transport plan- 
ner, said that it was at “a 

Mr Potter said the corpora- 
tion was trying to stimulate 
water transport for freight, 
although be added that finan- 
cial mechanisms to encourage 
developers to bring in bulk 
materials by water were still at 
a negotiating stage. And As for 
passenger river services, Mr 
Potter said developers were 
being encouraged to build new 
piers and add some shelter for 
the proposed fast river trans- 

S rt service, probably from 
el sea to Greenwich, that 
the corporation hopes private 
operators will run. Meanwhile 

the 92 acres intended 

* for the new City air- 

f its port for short take-off 

age and landing craft 

iat (Stoplort) east of the 

Isle of Dogs have been 
cleared of the ware- 
houses that stood there. 

*\H" V.- . JVf ' 

Railway, due to start running critical stage.” Meanwhile 
from next July, lies hidden for measures to allow the exlen- 

Demolition work is com- 
plete, an official of Mowiem, 
the contractors said. 

the moment behind seedy 
walls and derelict buildings. 

The new tr ains, with a West 
German body design, but 
GEC and other British 
electronics and parts, have 

sion of the light railway west- 
wards, to Bank Underground 
station in the City, are almost 

The two-storey ter minal 
building is up in frame form; 
the 762-metre runway will be 
finished later this month. 

Tbe stylish red, white and bine carriages of the £77 nuUkm 
Docklands Light Railway, doe to start running in July, and, 
inset, tbe handsome stops being built at regular intervals for 
the line.The new trains have picture windows, iwrinding one- 
at the front where passengers can sit 

The railway, first conceived 

as a stimulus for jobs .in Ihe 
Sue at the front where tS area .hashad [to i revise i its 

sengers can sit, ^ fbr pl ans to cope wit h the iaflux of 

the speedy acceleration. 


At the moment, Ian Ander- !^£SI'"£ y . 

son, the commissioning en- 
gineer, and his colleagues are 
testing the first of the II trains 
that will run on the 12.1- 
kilometre (7%-mile) route 
linking Tower Gateway, Strat- 
ford and Island Gardens at the 

to resolve the difficulties for 
heavy lorries, with a number 
of schemes, such as the East- 
ern Gateway access road, go- 
ing ahead, and several public 
inquiries on others exported. 

Road proposals are ex- 

southern tip of tbe Isle of pected to cost more than £200 
Dogs. GEC and Mowlem, the million. The main one is a 

contractors, hope the railway dual carriageway from near 

By next spring the Civil 
Aviation Authority will have 
considered applications from 
operators wanting to run ser- 
vices from the airport, includ- 
ing — so far — Brymon 
Airways, Eurocity Express (a 
subsidiary of British Midland 
Airways) and British Air Fer- 
ries. Continental operators 
may also be in the running. 

Test flights are expected to 
begin next summer, ready for 
the October opening. The £18 
million airport is expected to 
take up to 1.2 million pas- 
sengers a year. 

• Anne Warden 

Light Railway 
Stage 2 mm m 
Half mite 

BeelrtOftO*, jmt 

Roya! wmb Albert gMSP^ « 

iTictoria _ Connaught Dock WCvoms 

— — Iffy Wtm&aam Strait Road 

Royal Victoria 

Royal Albert 
_ Dock * 

■■ T : : wtiofwich toot r 

."■■■ - -v : barrier tunnel?* 



The only unrestricted 
performer for London Docklands. 

The London Docklands 
Development Corporation was 
ora what appeared to be a 
thankless task when it was set 
up five years ago. It was 
charged with regenerating 
5,000 acres of derelict Dock- 
land a stone's throw from the 
City of London. 

At that time no developer or 
investor wopld consider 
developing offices, shops and 
industrial space in the vast 
area which was the legacy of a 
once-booming but long-de- 
serted port handling London's 
international trade. 

The creation of the LDDC 
and government commitment 
to paying for the vital road and 
rail links needed to open up 
Docklands was the vital spur 
to tbe commercial develop- 
ment of an area where land 
prices have soared and devel- 
opers are vying to build Bwlti- 
raOlioa schemes. 

The Isle of Dogs in Dock- 
lands became London's only 
enterprise zone. The tax 
advantages on offer ensured 
that it was the first location to 
attract new commercial 

The Daily Telegraph is 
budding a £75 million printing 
works therei 
leaving behind 
its Fleet Street 
home. The 
paper’s journal- 
ists are also to 
move to a £70 
million building 
by Marples 
called South 
Quay Plaza. 

Phase two of 
the scheme has 

T"\ - T phase has been let to 

r TllTiPTTV leading international banking 

-A A and financial firms such as 

-< Citibank and Price 

Waterhouse, the accountants, 
UV/V/111 unable to find enough quality 

office space in the Square 

goes to 
the Dogs 

success will be the extension of 
the Docklands Light Railway 
to Bank underground station 

The developers are to pay 
£45 million of the £100 millkm 

So far the consortium has 
not fbimd tenants to sign on 
the dotted line and there Is 

un: uvucu unc auu utcit u ^ ^ 

sceptism about the develop- txmIine,Itr 

menL But even if does not take There are three proposals 

on its present form, there is totalling £2 trillion to turn the 
every likelihood that a lot of Royal Docks into a "water 
space will be developed there, rity”. The LDDC is consid- 

space will be developed there. 

Meanwhile an Arab con- 
sortium is to build a £58 
million, 240,000 sq ft office 

ering rival plans from con- 
sortiums of developers. 

scheme facing Canary Wharf developer of 2^ miffion sq ft of 

in the ente rpr is e zone. 

The Charter Group wfll 

Stanhope, the 

offices next to London's Liver- 
pool Street Station, plans a 

soon begin a one ntiOion sq ft £750 nuDion scheme with a 23 

million sq ft 

** . S* ■ 1 ‘ 

^ • .. : 

" v. •> - ; 

. - 

a Canary Wharf development: an architect's model 

park, a 500,006 
sq ft shopping 
centre apd a 
marine centre 
with 250 
consortium of 
contractors — 
John Lalng, 
Fox and VOM, 
the Dutch com- 
pany — wants to 
create a £544 
million scheme 

developer, for £22 million. 

But the biggest and most 
controversial proposal for die 
Isle of Dogs is the plan to 
create a new financial centre at 
Canary Wharf. A consortium 
of foreign banks, including 
Credit Suisse, First Boston 
and Morgan Stanley, wants to 
build what has been dubbed 
"Wall Street on Water". 

The 10 million sq ft scheme, 
costing around £lj billion, is 
mtended to provide a home in 
three skyscrapers for financial 
corporations based in London 
in tiw wake of Big Bang — the 
deregulation of the City’s 
financial markets. 

The key to the scheme's 

office, retail aad business 
apartment scheme on the Isle 
of Dogs. Such proposals would 
have been on thinkable a few 
years ago. 

Tangible evidence of the 
success of Docklands is die 
massive office and shopping 
development now stretching 

with 13 million sq ft of offices, 
a hotel, stadium and ex- 
hibition halls. And Conran 
Roche, part of Sir Terence 
Conran's empire, with the 
Heron Corporation ami John 
Mowlem tbe contractor budd- 
ing the airport ami railway, 
wants to see a £400 mil H on 

along tbe south side of the' scheme with 3000 dwellings, a 
Thames from London Bridge, hotel and a mix of offices, 

to Tower Bridge. 

It was conceived by the 
developer, the St Martins 
Property Corporation, owned 
by the Kuwait royal family, 
before Docklands’ boundaries 
were drawn. But it is now 
within tbe LDDCs pnrUen. 

The entire one million sq 

leisure and retailing. 

A Ear cry indeed from the 
days when Docklands was 
shunned by the commercial 
property world. 

Judith Huntley 

Commercial Property 


■ « r "i rtr 

\ U 

: l’ 



! I IT: 

a ! i it 

j ' 

i ii> U 


The Docklands Light Railway is a single turnkey contract in which GEC/Mowlem is 
responsible for the design, supply and installation of all electrical, mechanical and civil 
engineering work. 

Civil engineering works are complete, building work is virtually complete and final 
track laying is taking place on the western leg. Half of the vehicles have been delivered and 

P.O. Box 134 
Manchester M60 1 AH 


Telephone: 061-872 2431 
Tdex: 665451 
Fax: 061-848 8710 

John Mowlem and Company PLC 
West rate House 
Ealing Road 

Middlesex TW80QZ 

s • 1 1’.:. i .<• 

; 1 

? • -F r ,■* i 

track laying is taking place on the western leg. Half of the vehicles have been delivered and 
the full co-ordi natal installation, testing and commissioning programme for the power 
supplies, signalling and communication systems is proceeding on schedule. 

** • 
\ ; a 


The developer will soon 
start the second phase of the 
project, which was hailed as 
the biggest redevelopment in 
London since the Great Fire. ' 

Attention will soon shift 
eastwards in Docklands to the 
huge water area of the Royal 

The catalyst to commercial 
development here is the go- 
ahead for a short take off and 
landing (Stol) airport to take 
business travellers to the 

IJr’ilfii:- ^ .5 

. Ih». •- V •• '• 

Jl*. , ; v, - : ■ i ' ■ 

Telephone: 01-568 9111 
Telex: 24414 

1 be property renaissance is creating benefits — and some prohlfims 

. Doddaods is '■ lookme for accommodate 

. 'Docklands is 
both a boom 
town and a 
building site, 
the biggesf by 
far in London. 
As develop- 
ment has gatb- 
. ered. a real 
momentum since the forma- 
tion of the London Docklands 
Development Corporation in 
1981, the face of the area is 
changing fhst, but it win still 
be many years before it can be 
completed, many years before 
the bulldozers and cranes 
leave Docklands to the people 
who live there. 

The scale of the renaissance 
of this part of east London is 
staggering, an area of eight 
square miles, so it is not 
surprising that it is taking a 
long dime. Since the LDDC 
began operations, nearly 4,000 
new homes have been built on 
sites it has released and an- 
other 2,500 on private land in 
the Docklands. 

A farther 9,000 homes are 
planned or under construc- 
tion, and the demand for 
bouses and flats there is such 
that price rises have been 
spectacular— or in some cases 
seen as scandalous by the local 
authorities covering Dock- 
lands which fear that local 
people will be priced right out 
of the area. Last week a report 
by Greenwich council's hous- 
ing committee claimed that it 
bad become a speculator's 
paradise, where land prices 
had increased to as much as 
£1.5 million an acre and with 
penthouse flats changing 
hands for £1 million. 

The corporation is only too 
well aware of these fears. Mr 
Christopher Benson, chair- 
man, said when hunching the 
annual report in the summer 
that 50 per cent of all housing 
had been sold for less than 
£40,000, of which. 40 per cent 
had gone to local people. He 
admitted, however, that the 
point bad now been readied 
when land values were such 
that new houses were not 
affordable for many people. 

He said: “We must look at 
alternatives such as equity 
sharing and we are trying to 
gel help from the Government 
for housing associations. We 
have also supported three self- 
build schemes". 

The latest indication of 
Docklands' success and its 
further potential is the arrival 
of the big estate agents, joining 
the local agents who have been 
nursing the area for years. 
This year Chestertons and 

•v •• >.3: 

Modern canal-eide houses at Wapprag by the Thames 

Where a house 
can double its 
price in a year 

even Savflls opened offices 
there, and earlier this month 
Knight Frank and Ruttey 
announced that they too 
would be opening an office on 
the Isle of Dogs. 

When Chestertons (now 
owned by the Prudential) 
arrived in April as part of its 
expansion policy, Nigel 
Conradi. managing director 
said: “We think Docklands 
will probably be the highest 
growth office of our whole 
network. The scope for capital 
appreciation and potential 
growth is without comparison. 
Docklands is not only the 
largest city-centre develop- 
ment in Europe, but un- 
doubtedly the fewest changing 
and most exciting.” 

Surveying the area, Domi- 
nic Grace, partner m charge of 
SaviUs’ Docklands office, 
comments that the most 
distinctive thing about the 
properties is that there are 
very few period houses (Dr 
David Owen owns one such a 
property in Wappmg) and no 
blocks. The market is basically 
restricted to recently con- 

structed houses and Oats or 
conversions of large Victorian 
warehouses, and this has led 
to almost two separate market 

He explains: “The ware- 
house conversions tend to be 
up-market, designed to appeal 
to media/ardstically inclined 
professionals seeking alter- 
native and interesting accom- 
modation. The modern 
properties have, to date, often 
been aimed at the cheaper end 
of the market to provide local 
housing in accordance with 
the LDDCs plans." 

Mr Grace regards the in- 
creases in property values, 
sometimes doubtmg in 12 
months, as 'almost 

looking for accommodation 
other than the traditional 
Victorian terraced house. Mr 
Grace warns that developers 
will have to take care to 
provide what they seek — 
meaning spacious and in- 
teresting accommodation of 
one, two and occasionally 
three bedroom units, and not 
the somewhat cramped and 
boxy accommodation that 
many developers have so for 
built, largely because no-one 
could have anticipated the i 
extent of the book. 

This view is borne out by 
recent developments for sale. 
At Telfords Yard on The 
Highway not for from St 
Katharine’s Dock a Victorian 
former wool warehouse has 
been converted into 55 fiats 
and 23 penthouses. 

They cost from not for short 
of £100, 000 for a one-bed- 
room flat to around £350,000 
for the penthouses, and the 
agent, Alan Selby, has quickly 
sold most of them. He reports 
that about half the buyers are 
connected with the Gty. 

Savins are ^ning a ground 
floor fiat in Limchouse Wharf 
a warehouse on a riverside 
inlet, and asking around 
£325,000; they are asking the 
same price for a top floor 
maisonette in the award win- 
ning New Concordia Wharf 
south of the river, a conver- 
sion of -a listed Victorian 
warehouse; a flat of over 2,000 
square feet in Olivers Wharf 
Wapping High Street, a Vic- 
torian Gothic former tea ware- 
house, one of the earliest 
conversions in the area, is for 
sale at £350,000 through 
Carleton Smith and Company 
who will also sell you a three- 
bedroom flat at St Johns 
Wharf in Wapping High 
Street, for £335,000. 

The strength of demand is 
shown too by the example of 
London Yard, a development 
of 300 homes designed by 
Bunding Design Partnership 
in the Isle of Dogs, and with a 
Dutch fed to it through its 
developers foe Dutch com- 
pany VOM UK. The agents, 
Pams and Quirk, report that 
all 300 were pre-sold in 18 

:of foe market settling down in 
ce, line with foe rest of London, 
ost though there will be regular 
the shots of adrenalin into the 
are Docklands market with foe 
Dr announcement of the go- 
ra ahead for Canary Wfcaif (foe 
no 12 milli on square foot mter- 
Uy national financial centre), the 

not yet started. 

At the other end of the 
market, Regalian Properties 
have been active in conver- , 
skm and new budding in i 
cooperation with foe local 
authorities. It is proud to be 
part of a private-public 

opening of die Dockland Light Partnership and carried out 
Railway in mid- 1987, foe 5® conversion of a Towct 

opening of Tobacco Dock, 
which promises to be the East 

Hamlets council estate in 
Wapping, Riverside Man- 

End’s equivalent of Covenl to provide 163 flats. 
Garden, and foe opening of Now it has won foe tender 
the STOL airport in the Royal for Hermitage Basin in 
Docks. Wapping for the LDDC and 

He hopes that the increasing Tower Hamlets, to provide 
supply of property wffl also 370 new homes including 90 

Not long ago there were many who would 
have sold London Docklands down the river. 

But they’ve been proved wrong. 

lb see 2300,000 square feet of business space 
under construction in what was previously 
wasteland, 7300 new homes going up, and 
nearly 6,000 new jobs created, is more than 
just satisfying - it fires the imagination. 

We at Peat Marwick are proud to have played 

During the past three years we’ve advised 
LDDC on everything from economic 
appraisals to accounting systems. From 
raising finance to organising international 
marketing presentations. Rom internal audit 
to strategic planning. 

We’ve evaluated businesses wishing to invest 
in Docklands and then worked with the 
companies themselves to help them get off 
the ground. Limehouse Productions and 
London Docklands Arena are two names 
that come immediately to mind 

And we look forward to contributing to 
even more Docklands success stories in the 

Congratulations to everyone concerned 
from your ‘partner at 1 Puddle Dock, 
Blackfriars. EC4 home of one of Britain’s 
leading firms of accountants and business 

Ydu have a planner at .Peat Marwicks 

begin to satisfy demand and use of Tower Hamlets 

hdp to end foe ‘rampant 5 Council. The 90 local 
amount of dealing carriedout aujority louses ofooc to five 
by unscrupulous speculators bedrooms will go into Tower 
who have in the last year to 18 Hamlets' housing stock, at no 
months created a near phoney cos * “*e council, 
market where properties; have It is a good example of the 

been traded but not lived in. efforts being made to provide 
Savflls sees a new type of houses for local people, to 
buyer coming into the Dock- create a balanced community, 
lands — generally a young Docklands is steadily filling 
professional, without chil- up. 

Christopher Warman 

adjoining the City and is Property Correspondent 








TEL 01-790 9560 









FROM 5,000 sq ft TO 100,000 sq ft 



Full Details From: . 

Unex House 
Church Lane 
■ Stetchworth 

. TEL (063876) 8144 (Camb) 

• 01-493 4826 (Lon) 

If you’re an 
absolute beginner 
in Docklands 

(or even if you’ve been 
here since the Great Fire) . . , 

. . . ask for us at the 

London Docklands 

Business Centre 

on 01-515 3000 for 
information and free management 


London Docklands 
Business Centre 

A London Docklands Development Corporation service to the business community 

■ V** ' 

~ Ov v 

**.'»*-_ V; 


& ' ' v 

•7 -' % - 

Another classic shot on 
the waterfront 

When limehouse Studios went to docklands in 1983, we 
weren't trying to be trendy. 

Just successful. 

3 years on, it seems we’ve exceeded even our own lofty 

How does The largest Independent Television 
Studio Complex in Europe grab you? . 

It grabbed ‘Spitting image’. 

And it grabbed ‘Who Dares Wins’, Treasure Hunt’, ‘The 
Business Programme’ and a host of others we now call 

It also grabbed 3 BAFTA awards for our adaptation of 
Bill Bryden’s ‘The Mysteries’. 

And the Jean d’Aicy for our own production ‘Home 

Needless to say, success like this doesn’t go unnoticed. 

And in July this year, we struck a deal to become a 
fuily-fledged member of the Trilion Group. 

The advantages were obvious. 

Overnight, we gained access to the largest independent 
outside broadcast fleet and some of the finest post 
production facilities in the country. 

And now we’re confident we can take on anything. 

(not to mention anybody). 

So whether you’re planning a worldwide satellite 
broadcast, a corporate training video or the conference to 
end all conferences, call Annie Gorden on 01-987 2090 
and find out what Limehouse can do for vou. 

It won’t be the first time the waterfront has been the 
perfect location. 

Canarv Wharf, West India Docks, London El 4 9SJ. 
Tel. 01-987 2090 Telex 29fiI40 I IMHRF « 

Si <6 ?gf.§fiSjts¥!Sg |> 








November 17: The Duke of 
Edinburgh, Chancellor of Cam- 
bridge University, this evening 
attended the 25th Anniv ersary 
Founders’ Dinner at Churchill 
College, where His Rqyal High- 
ness was received by the Master 
(Professor Sir Hermann Bondi). 

Major Rowan Jackson. RM 
was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this afternoon opened 
the new Ebd Boutique at 179 
New Bond Street, Wi, where 
Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Lord Mayor of 
Westminster (Councillor Mrs 
Terence Mallhison). 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips was presrni this evening 
at a dinner at The Athenaeum, 
Pan MalLSWI. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Chairman of the 
Oub (His Honour Judge Paul 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Gibbs 
were in attendance. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will give an evening 
reception for members of the 
diplomatic corps on November 
26 - 

The Duke of Edinburgh win 
give the London lecture to the 
inner London branches of the 
British Institute of Management 
and attend a luncheon at 
Hudson's Bay House, Upper 
Thames Street, on November 

The Queen will open the exten- 
sion of the Royal Hampshire 
County Hospital at Winchester 
cm November 27. 

The Queen will open the new 
Ligh Division Depot at 
FTowerdown near Winchester 
and unveil a statue to Sir John 
Moore on November 27. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, patron 
and trustee, will aitend two 
receptions at St James's Palace 
on November 27 for young 
people who have reached the 
gold standard in the Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award. 

The Prince of Wales will launch 

the Inner Cities Trust and 
address the Building Commu- 
nities Conference at the Astoria 
Theatre on November 27. 
Princess Anne will open the first 
sheltered/special sheltered 
housing scheme to be built by 
Sedgemoor District Council, 
Bridgwater. Somerset, on 
November 27. Later she will 
open the new indoor 
arena at Sandhill Park Hospi; 
Bishops LydeardL Taunton. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, presi- 
dent will attend the annual 
meeting of the Institute of 
Sports Sponsorship at Bucking- 
ham Palace on November 27. 
The Princess of Wales win 
present the awards for West- 
minster City Council's Anti- 
Drug Campaign at the Rock 
Garden Restaurant, Cbvent 
Garden, on November 27. 

The Prince of Wales, President 
of Youth Business Initiative, 
win attend a dinner to inaugu- 
rate the Prince of Wales' Youth 
Business Initiative Appeal at the 
Mansion House on November 


The Duke of Edinburgh win 
visit the Joint Air Recon- 
naissance Intelligence Centre at 
RAF Brampton on November 


A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Henry 
Moore, OM. CH, wiO be held m 
Westminster Abbey at noon 

A memorial service for Sir 
Michael Hogan will be hdd at 
the Church of Our Most Holy 
Redeemer and St Thomas 
More, Chelsea, at noon today. 

A memorial service for Sir 
Godfrey Llewellyn will be held 
at the Church of St John the 
Baptist. Cardiff on Monday, 
November 24. at 2.30 pm. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr PJ. Dennis 
and Miss MJ. Carroll 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter Hugh, younger 
son of the Right Rev John and 
Mrs Dennis, of Ipswich. Suffolk, 
and Miranda Jane, third daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Michael 
Carroll, of London, NWI1. 

Mr JjULN. McGrigor 
and Mile CJF. Robob 
The engagement is announced 
between James, elder son of Sir 
Charles and Lady McGrigor, of 
Upper Sonachan, Dalmally, Ar- 
gyll. and Caroline, daughter of 
the late Jacques Roboh and of 
Mine Jacques Roboh, of Paris. 

Mr C-AJFL Beaman 
and Miss C. Reed 
The engagement is announced 
between Carieton, eldest son pf 
MUUOT R-A.H. Beaman of 
Broadmayne, Dorset, and Mis 

D. P- Ritchie, of Gibsons, British 
Columbia, and CMoe, eldest 
daughter of Dr KJ. Reed, of 
Chelsea. London, SW3, and Mis 

E. Reed, of Apperley, 

DrTJVl. Bertie 
and Dr GJk E a di e 
The engagement is announced 
between Tristan, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.M. Bertie, of SpringhilL 
Kinjgsbridge. Devon, and 
Gillian, younger daughter of Dr 
and Mrs EC Eadie, of Oxted, 

Mr RJ. Irens 
and Miss VA Phnefl 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and 
Mis Walter Ivens, of 37 Holland 
Villas Road. London, W14, and 
Valerie, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Derek Powell, of 1 
Solecoie, Great Bookham, 

MrDJML lam 
and Miss A.E. Jameson 
The engagement is announced 
between David Michael, only 
son of Mr ME Lanz. of Kings 
Sombome. Hampshire, and Mrs 
A. Lam. of Talbot Woods, 
Bournemouth, and Anne Eliza- 
beth. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs KJ. Jameson, of East 
Hoisley, Surrey. 

Mr MLN. Phillips 
and Miss N J. Burley 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, son of Mr 
Keith Phillips, of Malvern, 
Worcestershire, and of Mrs 
Elizabeth Cliff of Aldeburgh, 
Suffolk, and Nicolette, daughter 
of Mr Oive Hamihon-Mudge. 
of Kingston upon Thames, Sur- 
rey, and of Mis Pauline Mitch- 
ell. of Knebworth, 

Sale room 

Fire marks selling like hot cakes 

The metal plates that used to 
be attached to buddings 
recording which fire company 
bad insured them, are keenly 
colle ct ed ami Phillips set a 
new auction price record for 
one yesterday at £44140 (es- 
timate £LJO<>-£L500). 

It dales from around 1721 
and is one of the earliest issued 
by the Royal Exchange Assur- 
ance. The lead plaque is 
embellished with a picture of 
the Royal Exchange building 
and a crown. It was bought by 
Mrs D.S. Bdger, an American 
collector. The highest price 
previously paid for a fire mark 
at auction was £3,080. 

Phillips were selling fire 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
maria and fire memorabilia £20-£40) and a zinc example 

from the collection of 
BLNageat Unaker, a collector 
who died in 1981. It was (he 
first time that they had held a 
sale devoted entirely to fire 
marks and hroaght a total of 
£81,412 with less than one per 
cent left unsold. 

Present-day insurance com- 
panies were snapping np the 
lots. The Mutual Insurance 
Company of Philadelphia 
spent more titan £4,000 and 
the Commercial Union of 
London more than £2,000. The 
Sooth Yorkshire Fire Service 
bought two fire marks issued 
by the Sheffield Tire Office. 
An unissued example made of 
copper cost them £45 (estimate 

£70 (estimate £70-£80). 

Christie's sale of Chinese 
export porcelain saw high 
prices for spectacularly dec- 
orative pieces. A pair of /a- 
mille verte Buddhistic 
highly coloured 
fearful fangs, sold for £39.' 
(estimate £6,000-£10,000). 
They are perched on poredaiu 
plynths and stand 57 cans high. 
A pair of eighteenth century 
white-glazed figures of cranes, 
5kms high, made £22,000 
(estimate £9,000-£14,0a0). 

and Transitional 
and white wares were 
selling for to double the 
es tima t e d value. Two bine and 

white peacock dishes seemed 
£3,300 (estimate £1,800- 
£2500). In contrast, there was 
ttttie interest in paintings and 
all die dinner services failed to 
selL The morning total was 
£263548 with 20 per cent left 

• A note of warning for 

Nigel Bartlett, who specialises 
in antique marble chimney- 
pieces in St Thomas Street, 
London SE1, was burgled over 
the weekend and had 13 
fireplaces, worth more than 
£30,000, stolen. They include 
chismeypieces in the style of 
Adam and William Kent and 
two good George H examples. 


Naval all-rounder with 
gallantry award 

Latest wills 

Judge George Andrew MRiier, 
of Greatham. Cleveland, left 
estate valued at £52.438 net. He 
died intestate. 

Mr Barry Baker, of Scarcroff 
Leeds, West Yorkshire. left 
estate valued at £2,640,862 net. 
He left his esiale mostly to 

Commander Geoffrey Russell 
Carver, of Faraham, Surrey, 
executive officer at the Ports- 
mouth torpedo school, HMS 
Vernon, and officer responsible 
for the last three torpedoes 
which finally sank the German 
battleship Bismarck in May 
1941. left estate valued at 
£243,921 net. 

Mr Arthur William Head, of] 
Ungfield, Surrey, left £351,218 

Bridge trial 

The second weekend of the 
final international trial for the 
England bridge team in the 
Cam rose Cup series took p] 
at the Young Chelsea Club m 
London when a doable round 
robin was played. Each pair in 
the winning team has been 
guaranteed at least one match in 
the Home Counties inter- 
nationals in the new year. 


1. D J Banks. S L Estonian. W 
Holland. B Ewart 83; ZBragal 
Cnmtovflkt. R J Flceu J F Potta 

75: 3. D G W Price. C Duckworth. J L 
Reardon. Dr R j A Buttmd 53c d. Dr 
A p sowter. S J Lodge. Mrs S Londy. 
Mn S Horton 29. 

Birthdays today 

Professor Sir David Bates, 70; 
Dr G. H. Bolsover, 76; Sir Leslie 
Bowes. 93; Sir Kenneth Clucas, 
65; Sir Brace Fraser, 76; the Rev 

V. H. H. Green. 71; Mr David 
. 45: Mr John Hosier, 

58; Sir Alec Isrigonis, 80; Mr G. 

W. Jewkes, 55; Mr Michael 
Kustow, 47; Admiral of the 
Fleet Sir Henry Leach, 63; the 
Earl of Malmesbury, 79; Profes- 
sor J. R. Quayle, 60; Mr Justice 
Smart-Smith, 59; Sir Alexander 

Turner, 8S; Lord Justice Wat- 
kins. VC 68. 

Mr J JLF. Samengo-Tnmer 
and Miss J-S. Bedell 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, second son of 
Mr and Mis F.P. Samengo- 
Turner, of Chapel Row Farm, 
Buddebury, Berkshire, and Jen- 
nifer, only daughter of Mr 
Edward Bedell and the late Mrs 
O. Bedell, of Doveleat, 
Montford Bridge, Shrewsbury, 

Mr RJ. Spencer 
and Miss K. Firth-ButterfieM 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger Egerton, younger 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel and 
Mrs G.N.B. Spencer, of 
Topsham, Devon, and Kay, 
only daughter of the late Mr K. 
Futh-ButterfiekL and Mrs MAl 
F irth- Butterfield, of Brighton, 



A dinner was held at Moreton 
Hall School on Sunday, Novem- 
ber 9, to mark the retirement of 
Mr Michael Chari esworth from 
the governing council after 12 
years as c hair man. At the coun- 
cil meeting held on Monday, 
November 10, Mr Malcolm 
Mitchell was elected chairman 
of the council with Mr John 
Matthews as vice-chairman. 


Mr GS. Parsons 
and Mrs J. Sflverman 
The marriage took place on 
Wednesday, November 12, be- 
tween Mr Chris Parsons and 
Mrs Joyce Silverman (nfee’j 

Mr RN. Singer 
and Mrs JJVTJ*. Whitehead 
The marriage took place on 
Monday, November 17, in 
London, of Mr Robin Singer 
and Mrs Juliet Whitehead. 

Vice-Admiral Sir Geoffrey 
Thistleton-Smith, KBE, CB, 
GM, died on November 15 at 
the age of 81. A torpedo 
. he had a busy war 
and also rendered valu- 
able service defusing 
landmin es. Afterwards he oc- 
cupied senior appointments at 
home and abroad. 

He was bora on May 10, 
1905, and entered the Royal 
Navy in 1919. He qualified as 
a torpedo specialist at HMS 
Vernon. His appointments be- 
tween the wars included that 
of torpedo officer to the 4th 
destroyer flotilla, and at the 
outbreak of the Second World 
War he was torpedo officer in 
the battleship Warspite. 

In January 1940 he went to 
the experimental mine depart- 
ment which had been estab- 
lished at HMS Vernon. He was 
soon pot in charge of a mine 
disposal unit whose task was 
to deal with the German 
landmine camp ai g n then caus- 
ing great loss of fife and 
property to civilians in urban 
areas. For his work with this 
group, which included defus- 
ing one particularly hazardous 
landmin e in London, he was 
awarded the George Medal in 

He next went as executive 
officer to the aircraft carrier 
Formidable and served in her 
during operations to protect 
Malta and Atlantic convoys. 

In 1943 he had a period 
ashore as naval assistant to the 
First Sea Lord, but he was 
bade at sea the following year 
in command of the minelayer, 
Manxman, with her sister ship 
Abdiel the fastest ship in the 
Royal Navy. He took her out 


Cherries in die snow is the theme of this slightly eccentric fcti from the 1987 collection of 
Philip Somerville, the mil l iner , shown in London yesterday (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 



How long 
before the 
turns sour? 

There’s one thinga spell at University 
always guarantees. Plenty of 'milkround' 
visits from company executives. 

Each and every one of them has 
well - paid jobs to offer. 

But before signing on the dotted line, 
think very carefully. 

Will the promises turn out to be 
empty? Will the job suit your particular 
abilities and skills? 

These are not the sort of questions 
you can answer in 3 minutes. So why not 
take 3 years to dedde your future - as 
an Army Officer? 

On completion of your training at 
Sandhurst you will be commissioned as 
a Lieutenant earning £10,428. 

Naturally you will learn how to 
command and care for a group of bright 
young soldiers and to handle our 
sophisticated weapons and equipment. 

And if you are posted abroad at short 

notice to lead soldiers in unfamiliar 
surroundings you’d have to cope. 

No wonder many leading industri- 
alists regard an Army Commission as 
the best management training a young 
man or woman can have. 

Whether you make the Army your 
long-term career or leave earlier is up to 

Either way it promises not to sour 
your future. Quite the opposite in fact. 

And you’ll gain unrivalled executive 
training at our expense. 

So if you need a little more time to 
deride, see your Careers Staff and pick 
up an Introduction Form. 

Through this we will arrange for a 
Liaison Officer to see you at vour 
University; Polytechnic, or College of 
Higher Education. 

Army Officer 


The Lord Mayor presented let- 
ters patent confirming the Grant 
of Livery to Lady Porter, Master 
of the Environmental Cleaners' 
mpany, at a meeting of the 
Court of Aldermen held at the 
Mansion House yesterday. The 
Master presided at a luncheon 
held afterwards and the other 
speakers were the Lord Mayor 
and Mr Brian Banday, Senior 



The Speaker and Mrs Weatfaerill 
were hosts ai a reception given 
in Speakers' House yesterday 
evening to commemorate the 
success of the Speaker’s appeal 
for St Margaret’s, Westminster, 
which was launched two years 
ago. The Lord Mayor of West- 
minster and Mr Terence 
Mallinson, Lord and Lady 
Home of the Hired, the Dean of 
Westminster and Mrs Mayne 
and Mr David Steel, MP. were 
among those present 

Landscape Institute 
Mr John NL Whalley, President 
of the Landscape Institute, and 
the council gave a reception 
yesterday at 12 Carlton House 


HM Government 
Mr Christopher Patten. Min- 
ister for Overseas Development 
was host at a supper held last 
night at Lockets Restaurant in 
honour of the President of 

Robert Brum, Vice-President of 
the Chipping Barnet Conser- 
vative Association, pleaded 
and Mr Bryan Nicholson, 
accompanied by Mrs 'Nichol- 
son. was the principal guest Mr 
Sydney Chapman, MP. was 
among those present 

RAF Chib 
Rabbi Sir Immanuel Jakobovtis 
was the guest of honour at a 
dinner riven by the RAF Club 
Dining Society yesterday at the 
dub. Flight Lieutenant L.E.H. 
Williams presided. 

Queen Charlotte's Hospital 
DMrag Chib 

Mr J. Malvern, President of the 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital 
Dining Club, presided at the 
inaugural dinner hdd last night 
at Apothecaries' HalL The other 
speakers. were MrT.LT. Lewis 
and Dr D.L. Byrne. The guests 

Dam* Josephine Barnes. Sir Rustam 
Feroze- Professor Sir John DewtuirsL 
Profeasor G V P Cbambestatn. profes- 
sor R W Beard. Protest o r T Chard 
and Professor C H RodKdc. 

National Sporting Chib 
Mr Sebastian Coe was the guest 
of honour at a boxing dinner 

g ven by the National Sporting 
lub at Grosvenor House last 
night Mr Jarvis Astaire, chair- 
man of the dub, presided and 
the other speakers were Mr Neil 
Maitland and Mr Kenneth 
Wolsienholme, secretary. 


Lord Chehner 

Lord Chelmer entertained 
members of the St George 
Dining Club at dinner last night 
at the House of Lords. Mrs 

Wolfe Society 

Lieutenant-General Sir Napier 
Crookenden was the guest of 
honour at the annual dinner of 
the Wolfe Society hdd last night 
in Westerfaam to mark the birth 
of Major-General James Wolfe. 
Mr J. St A. Wards presided. 

Arnold School 

The Council of Arnold School 
has appointed Mr J.A.B. KelsalL 
Headmaster of Bournemouth 
School, to be Headmaster of 
Arnold School in September 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr BJJP. Fall to succeed Mr 
T.LA. Daunt as Assistant 
Under-Secretary of State, For- 
eign and Commonwealth 

Mr Janies O. BarnfieM to be 
President of the Rating and 
Valuation Association. 
Professor James WHfiamsoa to 
be President of the British 
Geriatrics Society, in succession 
to Professor John C. 

The Duke of Westminster to be 
a governor of Harrow School 
Mir Robin Goodfelkm to be 
Director of Public Affairs for the 
Metropolitan Police from Janu- 
ary 5. 

Professor James Lovelock, FRS, 
to be President of the Marine 
Biological Association. 


MrJJLS. Smyth to be a Circuit 
Judge on tire Midland and 
Oxford Circuit. 

Mr Brace Morgan to be a 
Metropolitan Stipendiary Mag- 
istrate from January 26. 

Mr Peter Scott QC, to be 
Chairman of the new General 
Council of the Bar. 

Mark Lubbock, who died 
on November 10 at the age of 
86. was known as a conductor, 
composer, broadcaster, author 
and even singer, in the field of 
light music. 

To operetta he brought a 
lightly worn, but deep and 
informed, scholarship usually 
associated with more serious 

Belonging to a family distin- 
guished in various spheres, 
Lubbock was educated at Eton 
and served in the Royal 
Artillery in the First World 

He then sang in the chorus- 
es of several musical come- 
dies. and in 1920 made his 
debut as a conductor with a 
touring company. Afterwards 
he studied in Germany, and 
became r6petiteur, then assis- 
tant conductor, in Dresden. It 
was a period he later looked 
bade to with great affection, 
and it gave him a solid 
grounding in the standards he 
was to apply to light music. 

Returning to England, he 
worked on several musical 
comedies with Denis Fre eman 
at the BBC from 1932, later 
succeeding Stanford Robinson 
as music director of the vari- 
ety department and conductor 
of the BBC Theatre Orchestra. 

He left the BBC in 1944 to 
pursue a freelance career; but 
he continued to make occa- 
sional broadcasts, while his 
talks on Music Magazine en- 
chanted a wide audience. 

His infectious enthusiasm, 
his delight in the music of 
Viennese and German operet- 
ta, and his engaging broadcast- 
ing manner did much to 
bridge a gap between conven- 
tional opera-goers and the 
followers of musicals and tight 

His most enduring literary 
monument in this field is his 
Complete Book of Light Opera 
(1963), which is the equivalent 
of Kobbe's famous opera 
guide in its painstaking, per- 
ceptive scholarship. 

His original compositions 
indude The King Can Da No 
Wrong (with Denis Freeman), 
the first specially composed 
operetta to be broadcast by the 
BBC. He also wrote the inci- 
dental music to An Italian 
Straw Hat, and to Barbara 
Cortland's The Rose and the 

Lubbock was a much loved 
figure in musical circles until 
ill-health confined his activi- 

He is survived by his wife, 
Bea Howe. 


Professor James Lovelock. 

Science report 

Bacteria may replace antibiotics 

Sir Dugald Baird, 
gynaecologist and early expo- 
nent of abortion as a means of 
freeing women from excessive 
childbearing, died on Novem- 
ber 7. He was 86. 

He was born at Berth. 
Ayrshire, on November 16, 
1899, and educated at Gree- 
nock Academy and Glasgow 
University. After qualifying as 
a doctor he continued his 
studies at Strasbourg 

As a young doctor he 
worked at Glasgow Royal 
Infirmary where he met and 
married May Tennent in 
1928. He also worked at the 
city's maternity hospital 
where the passage through his 
surgery of exhausted women 
with droves of children in 
their wake shaped bis attitude 
to unwanted pregnancy. 

In 1937 he went to .Aber- 
deen University as Regius 
■Professor of Midwifery, a post 
he held until his retirement in 
1965. During those years he 
somewhat changed the demo- 
graphic pattern in Aberdeen. 

The city became a centre for 
legal abortion, with Baird 
gathering around him a foam 
of spedalisis - medical social 
workers, psychiatrists and 

doctors - to decide on the 
merits of each case. He usually 
followed abortion with steril- 
ization, arguing that both 
together could improve the 
quality of a woman’s life. 

He also did research on the 
relationship between social 
conditions and childbirth, 
urging systematic cervical 
smears for all women between 
the ages of 25 and 60. He 
advocated smaller post-natal 
wards and encouraged better 
feeding of pregnant women. 

He resolutely supported the 
1969 Abortion Act David 
Steel travelled to Aberdeen to 
see Baird before deciding to 
introduce the Bill 

Baird was a rational though 
also an opinionated man. 
utterly convinced of the right- 
ness of what he was doing. He 
saw himself as a humanitar- 
ian, keen to help those who he 
felt were unable to help them- 
selves. His activities often 
drew the censure of feDow 
obstetricians, but in retire- 
ment he still received grateful 
letters from patients of his 
early days in Glasgow. 

His wife died in 1981 He is 
survived by their two sons and 
two daughters. 


By Beatrice Lacoste 

Then are a hundred thousand 
bacteria in the intestine and 
most of them protect the body 
agains t a wide rage of 

Using this knowledge, French 
experts at the National Institute 
for Agronomic Research, near 
Paris, believe that by identifying 
and then cultivating certain 
strains or bacteria it will be 
possible to protect subjects 
whose intestinal bacteria have 
been partly destroyed by the use 
of antibiotics. 

Newborn babies have no bac- 
teria bat after a few horns the 
intestine starts to be colonized 
by a variety of nticro-organisms 
and an adelt has about 190 
different kinds of bacteria, al- 
though there are 10 major 

Some of the bacteria of the 
Intestine synthesize vitamins, 
others join in with the white 
blood cells of the immune sys- 
tem to fight against harmful 
bacteria which erase disease. 

Bacteria can protect their host 
in two ways, either drastically by 
destroying pathogens immedi- 
ately, or by inactivating them so 
that they can be tolerated. The 
host then becomes a healthy 

hot if the protective 
bacteria are destroyed - after 
ta k ing antibiotics, for instance - 
then the harmful strains can 
quickly start prod Being toxins. 
This is why antibiotics which 
destroy bacteria indiscrinti- 
nately can be a mixed Messing. 

Doctors do not completely 
understand how tUs line of 
defence operates bet they have 
been able to recreate it in certain 
cases. Dr Robert Bo d me an, 
director of research at the 
institute, found that by 
innocnlating 49 newborn hues 
with the assortment of bacteria 
found in adult hares they were 
completely protected, whereas 
about a third normally die of 
diarrhoea caused by an or- 
ganism called dostridinm. 

Dv Dodnzean says tins resell 
is significant because the rann- 
ber of piglets that die from neo- 
natal diarrhoea is equivalent to 
the number that bare to be 
imported in France. Recently 
newborn babies have also been 
successfully innocnlated with 
bacteria were thought 

Doctors at the institute hope 
that ii will be possible to replace 
antibiotics by bacteria in some 
cases. They are also studying 

the impact of certain foods on 
the bacterial colonies so as to be 
able to prescribe specific diets in 
order to re-establish the right 
balance in the different kind* of 
bacteria. This bioto^cal war- 
fare, with bacterium fi ghting 
bacterium, is already being iwl 
in agricnltnre. 

Meanwhile, American sci- 
entists at the Forsyth Dental 
Centre in Boston believe tint 
cavities in teeth coaid be pre- 
vented by changing the bacteria 
that colonizes the mouth. They 
have dereiped a mutant bac- 
terium, a grain of Imrt w ^ 
whose genetic make-op has been 
modified so that it produces only 
low levels of aeid - 

Wheo they introduced the 
mutant strain into the of 
rats, the rats remained cavity 
free during their entire lives in 
spite of being fed a diet high hi 
sugar. Dr Jeffrey Hillman, a 
researcher in Boston, said teat 
although the human mouth was 
a more complex ecosystem, be 
expected to find an effective, 
harmless bacterium within a 
couple of years. American sci- 
entists believe this could be the 
best therapy for the preventfn of 
tooth decay. 

Mr Raul Palrafer, who died 
on November 13 at the age of 
80, was one of the oldest and 
best known members of the 
foreign press corps in London. 

Bora on August 1 7, 1906, be 
studied law in Copenha ge n 
before entering journalism in 
the early 1930s. He came to 
Britain in 1938 and was 
correspondent of the -Sca n 
News Agency when the Nazis 
invaded Denmark on Ami! 9, 
1940. From then on, he 
worked untiringly for his 
country until its liberation. 

Invited by the BBC to join 
its Danish Service, he also 
contributed to Free Denmark, 
a' publication smuggled into 
the occupied country. In 1 942 
he wrote his first book in 
English , Denmark in Nazi 
Chains, about the passive 
resistance of his people. 

Iq April 1942 he joined 
Christmas Moller, the pre-war 
Danish Foreign Minister, who 
had escaped to Britain, as an 
adviser in the freedom move- 
ment "Danish Council”. For 
this work he was later awarded 
the King Christian Freedom 

After the war he founded 
the association of Danish 
correspondents in London, 
whose doyen be was. He waa 
working until the day before 
he died. 

A gentle, courteous, elegant 
man, he was twice married. 
His second wife, the Austrian 
journalist, Elisabeth Snowden, 
survives him. 


Dr W. E. van Heyningen 

May I add a note to the 
obituary of Professor R. B. 
Fisher in your issue of No- 
vember 14? 

^work in Oxford in 
*949, together with D. S. 
Persons, showing that glucose 
promoted the absorption^ 
water and salt from the gut: 
that eventually fed to oral 
rchydration therapy, or ORT. 

ukt has saved the lives of 
many thousands, if not mfl- 
hons, of people suffering from 
Cholera and other diarrhoea! 



to the Far East and served 
until the end of the. war m the 
pacific Fleet’s operations 
against Japan, in conjunction 
with the US 7th Fleet 

After the war he spent a 
period at the Na tio nal War 
College in the United Stales 
and was then Captain (D) of 
the 5th destroyer flotilla. He 
subsequently commanded the 
Royal Naval Barracks, Chat- 
ham; was, from 1954 to 1956 
Chief of Staff Home Fleet; 
and was Admiral Command- 
ing Reserves 1956-58. His 
final appointment was as Ad- 
miral British Joint Services 
Mission. Washington, from 
1958 to i960. 

In retirement he busied 
himfirff with the affairs of 
Sussex, as a county councillor 
and deputy lieutenant. He was 
alsn active in environmental 
matters and was the first 
chairman of the Chichester 
Conservancy. Keen on games 
- he was a good hockey and 
tennis player - be also had an 
artistic bent. He became an 
accomplished water colourist 
and exhibited his Sussex land- 
scapes locally. He also liked to 
relax by playing the organ in 
his house. 

To colleagues he was known 
as an officer of the forceful 
type, but this was the profes- 
sional exterior of a charming 
character and excellent com- 

He was twice married, first 
in 1931. to Mary Katherine 
Harvey, with whom he had a 
son and daughter. She died in 
1976, and he married, in 1982, 
Joyce Lady Fairhaven. She 
ana the children of his first 
marriage, survive him. 




:; s Si 




for WHy tusom la tmiMea by — ___ 

un ht Uul tan au fttag* riCod. ' 1 CHJJMS - On 10ft W w att r 1986. 
_■ Iterowasal suOftoUy « home. Jack. aped 70 


BOWDEN ■ On Novanber 15ft, to 
Mldweto ipte Ftggess3 am Ortganr. 
n son. (CtoTtes John Houston), 

CASEY ■ OnNBwmJwr 10ft. taNonh- 
umbertantt to Rayefonn Cnfe Sparks) 

snd Siciftai a naotfita- Emay Owe. 

COLES- On Novonbcr 12th. to Mnddy 
Oite Watson Sonab) and Mart. a 
daughter.. JQbaMtb Martha Cora. 

COOKS0N * On November lettu at 
The John RadcSffe. Oxford, to Ange- 
la and Room, a ttaugMer. Serena 

femxcke^clennell - On Numb. 
ber 18th. to Susie and Mdk. a son. 

ftOULD- On November 14th. to Joan- 
na orte meatman) and Andrew, a 
son. Richard. 

LAWRENCE ■ On 14th November. In 
Toronto, to Lynn tafe Rowlands) 
and bn. a son. Thn. - 

PHACBAUE - On November 15th, at 
WestBMHler HosnttnL u Mtnme (nte 
Danbar-NasmtltD and Joe. a son. 
Martin Duncan, a toother for Htuy 
and Laura- - 

BIIBMII - On November ISO. to 
Soon tn6e Hanitns) and Jbn. a son. 
Other Jack.' 

■ONIFOND • On November 14ft. at 

Queen Charlotte's HosnUaL to DorTta 
and Raymond, a son. Peter wmtam 

— UBUIIinN - On November 12th 
1986. at St Thomas* Hospital SCI. to 
Mary Louise <n<e Ratctlffe) and Col- 
in. a daugnter. EmUy Laurie. 

d WWm P M - On 16th. No- 
vembo- a Pilnccsd Manrs HosotUL 
RAF Halton. to Roger and Debate, a 
dsuttoter. Emma Jane. 

AUSTIN . On 12th November 1986. to 
joama tote Moss) and Mtocotm. two 
sms. Jonathan Montague Maurice 
and Benbodn DovW Levi. 

SWUM* -On November 8tb. to Janne 
(life Lae) and Timothy, a son. 
Thomas Arnold George SttUdns. 

- wars. Wid o wer of Anne, much 
Joved father of Charles. Funeral Ser- 
vtoe to Tunbridge Wens Cemetery. 
Thursday 20ft N ov widwr at 11 JO 
am. No flowers *y rtwoesL donadona 

may be sent to The Brttbta RedOns 
Society . 

***** -v On 14th Novnubar 198S, 
Peacefully, jjlg Came CMLEU. 
M.O. (Jock). Betovad hoRnod of 
Bto ranch lowed fetter of Tom. Ian 
and Jane. Service at 12 J 5 pm at $t 
Lawrence Church. UraMtam on Frl- 
<by Slat November. Famtty flumn 
o^. but donattons if desired to The 
Admh^ratorCGlL. ft Peter's Hos- 
pUaL CMmqr. Surrey. 

IMV15 • Cto November iro, tnacelW- 
ty. Arthur Petty. Funeral wmikmv 
N wow»i9ttu at 12.00 noon, at 
WhBS Green &HHtn riiim - 

DUCK WURTH -On November 
D* ONh Gfflnle. George Arthur Vto- 
tor. aged 85. Daily loved husband 
Sf Mary, of OrdUnfUgh Park. 
From, Somerset. Priwai* Cre mation 
®n Funeral Service. Service of 
Thanks gtvtng at Lunngtoa Parish 
Charen on Friday No ve mber 21st at 
1130 am. Donations if Wished to 
OnftardKfgfa arm j 

churches nap be sent lo the lYraur- i 

er. LuUngton PCC. Middle Thatch. I 
LtdOngum Frame. No leans, pietne. 

DUNN - On November 17th 1986. 
peacefully. H. Lionel. aged 67 yaata. j 
(former secretary or ITCAX Funeral : 
Service wU be held at the Downs 
Oaoatort u m. Brighton an Friday 
November 2lsLal 330 pm. AH Dow- 
ers and enmdries ur Grosvenor 
Funertf Consonants. 1 59b Lewes 
Road. Brighton. TeL-671968. 

ELUS - on November Ifift 1986. at 
OM Farm. Ashton. Bisfaoas Wal- 
tham. Barbara Marguerite (nfe 
WfittnX Beloved wife of CapMn 

HkALMC- On tfflh November 1986. ' ' 

Gordon McAtpine. hekmd husband P . ' 

oftoTld. tether of Kenneth, ex Via [ ANNOUNCEMENTS 

President Merck Sharp end Dolma, tatataataammamaai 
Rahway. New Jersey. u&A-Pri- 


‘Maharacan* Cancer Hofetiar, and . WH EN PM 84.--. 

mailed to Ms I MSAtfftc, 46/6 fZOH&S Pf 

PtoOL COtomhO 7. Sri Lao*. Sra§£-?3 MB 

MUER - On November 1481,1966. kt£S3».. ! *S_ mS mow , 


tm la one’s ore tone 

MKSXggsr BOUer (nfeAWKl ittged adarretovtatiefeeibeilRsi«rii«A(f 
63 yews. Of Orchard One. wc. bo sa aer how dreunuanen nay 
PttChOMBK. Odd. and ftomerty dreg, nwamin mi kpon we «awfe- 

Fbght OfDoer in wjulf- Joyal and * DSfel 

devoted wife. Air Oammodtoe Dotty 

i Wu.i inkr. aauc ii inunt mnrtw — r BRENDONCaRE FOUNDATION. 

. WHEN rM 84.— 

Se reny ddpt> paplt nr merely .in arod of 
ual ene red Ac m uMum re) mbore 

Private ramfiy cre mat io n on Thors, 
day Both November. Flowers to 
Thomas pink. Bishops wabham or 
donaboos to The Marie Curie 

SHMLETOM - On 12th November, at Foundation. 

Northwick Park HospilaL Harrow, to 

Susan (me Morgan) and Martin, a C M BR A I TR - Op 16 November 1986. 

daughter. Rebecca Mary, a sister for 

SLOMK • On No ve mber 9. lo Kate 
toee Donovan) and Hugh, a 
daughter. Alexandra Kale. 

VMCENT - On November 17th. 
samlbvei HospUaL Bangkok, to 
AnLbooy and LucL a daughter. 
Alexandra Genevieve. 

VOUJX- On November 10th 1986. at 
Westminster HanttaL to Diana (nfe 
Shaw) and Anthony, a son. Michael 
Anthony, a toother for Garonne 


ber 16ft at St John's Wood Liberal 
Synagogue. Bernard, son of Michael 
and Margaret, to Sendee .daughter 
of Catherine and the late James 

AKE5TER- On November 14th. a Ms 
home peacefully alter a long fflness. 
Joseph Cuthberi (Joe). Deer frienl 
and husband of Noreen. Service at 
Ail Samts Church. LindfleU. 11.00 
a m Friday November 21 sL Fol- 
lowed by tntennem at Watstead 
Cemetery. Enautnes to Masters. 
Ltodfled 2107. 

BLAKSTAD ■ On 13ft November, 
peacefully at Baridng hospital. Abcr 
Monica ijui). Beloved wife ot (he late 
Clifford and mother of Judith and 
Michael. Rtguem Mas at 12 noon. 
Friday 2lst November at St John 
The Baptist. Wanstead Rd. BfOnL 
BOWDEM - On 16th N ov e mba a St 
Albans City HospdaL Audrey Elea- 
nor, much loved mother or John and 1 
Elizabeth, aged 79. Funeral at St 
PauTs Church. Hatfield Rd. St Al- 
tum. 1 pm on Friday 2 lst 
November. Family Rowers only . 
Mease. Donations to Church. 
■RADFORD - On Satonlay November 
isft- peacefully In her sleep. May. 
Countess or Bradford. Memorial So-- 
iw. following a private wwmitap, 
for family and friends at 2 JPunSl- 
urday 22«d TWUem b er at St 
Andrews Church. Wren trefer 
Lizard. Shropshire. Hmrert or dome . 
Ootts. if desired, to Ntodoff-Rotoans 
MuMc Therapy Charity. 3 ife M aa 
Place. London NWS 201- Memorial 
Service ft London wto take Macr Ha 
buer date. 

BRUCE - On November 14th. In boipi- 
tal. Henry Dougns S£J£.. RntsL 
aged 86 years. Funeral privue. 
BRUEGEL - On November IS 198& 
ooirtiy at home. John Wolfgang, 
aqed Bl. sadly missed husband, fa- 
ther and granafenwr. Cremation at 
Cwfios Green Crematorium. Noon. 
November 22 . No flowers please; do- 
nations wekmxw to Anutecty 
tntenullonaL Memorial Meeting wm 
be announced lmer. Tm Dunfcel 
gehend. wusstesl On one LkftL" 
Kart Kraus. 

CALVERT -On November 14ft. WBXte 
Tetfer iCokmri R£. reared) loved 
husband d Moira land the iatr Jeom 
and lather of Susan and Jane. Cre- 
mation private. Family flowers only. 
No Mien, please. Memorial Service 
EWELME Saturday November 2 2nd 
at 2-50 pm Donation to SobcB 
House (Hoopav) Oxford. 

CULVERS - On November 14ft 1986. 
pearef uay ft hospital. Gordon Vidor 
Chflvers. aged 77 yean of WoRtung. 
Reared Headmaster and Proprietor 
fH Manor Home School Eamgand 
dearly loved husband, father and 
grandfather. Funeral Service at 
Church Norton, Setscsr. Sussex on 
Friday November 21 si at 12.30 pm. 
Enquires to H D Tribe LUL 130 
Broadwater Rd Worthing- Tel 34616 

at St Bmthoioaiew*B HacpObL Lon- 
don. josbo Mary GHbreUb. J.P.. s. 
R-N.. enfe Ackroyd) wtfe of Hugh- 
James, mother of Mary Anne. Janet 
mid KtrsOe. and qrandmomer or Ju- . 
Ua. Lomsa. Grtffln and Conor, 
cremation private. Manorial Service ' 
ai Chelmsford CaftedraL on Friday 
1 2 December al l 1 JO am. Nofknw- 
ers. donauans. ir desired, to the Joan 
GHbraath Fund. Essex Branch of the 
Magstra l es Assoc to hon. the SMre 
HalL Chelmsford. 

GORDON - On I6(b November, at 
Wimbledon, in her 92nd year. Enid 
Addison, formerty of Emberton. 
Bucks. Dear mother of Charles, 
grandmother of Oliver and Marine 
and graac-gnmdmacbv of Rebecca. 
Kate gad Onua. cranahen at 
Putney vale, on Friday 21st Novem- 
ber, ax 2.15 pm. Memorial Service at 
Emberton to be arranged trier. 

OREENHH- On November 17lh 1986. 
peacefiaiy at her hone hi her goth 
yea-, Mariorte Omauh. UFLAJte. 
widow of Doctor Harold Greenish, 
dearly loved mother of GeoBhy. 
Rosem ary a nd B e tty and beloved 
granny and gut granny. Funeral 

- Sonia at St James’. Ewtunt 

Greco, ai 12JO pm on Thursday No- 

vwnoer 20 th. Tbrafly flowers only. 
donations if desired, hr The Must- 
dans Benevolent Sodey - or 
Leukaemia Research Fund, c/o 
Mummery. 31 Devons hi re Road. 

. BexftflJ-on-SeB. 

HATTER • On November 16th 1986. 
peacefUBy ft Poo ft Hospital after a 
kmg fflness. R and o lp h Frederick, 
aged 72 yea rs. ■ PunfleM*. 17 Bay 
CresenL Swanage. H us ba n d of 
Bunty. ftvtag father of Jffl and 
Jackie and much toued grandfttner 
to Andrew, Charles. Paul and 

- Alastair. Funeral Service at St 
Maly's Church on Thursday Nowem- . 
tor 20 th at u.16 am. FamBy 
Bo wers only phase, imf If desired 
donritoos ft Poole HospUL Diabetic 
Besea reb Fupd. DridS of Poole Om- 

. era! HospUaL 

HOHDK-Oo 1501. November J9B6 
-at Ktogrem Hospital fo Ms 62nd 
aneor. Denys Qopdcsi. hin t und of the 
Jrie Chafe ah* fotuwgesfer partner 
al Sierw ood a nd CO of Wreliid nsier. 
MBugal H sftmsftti Cremaiortum on 
Friday 2nd November ri mo am. 
FbmBy flowrece only, tor reanes L 

JOMMEOri-On ItMiNo w sroher 1 986. 
of FonntoL Cmr winter, auny lowed 
hmt i and af Lyn and The hoe Pat 
Sendee at St LuKea Church. Fbrnby 
ota.TImrniay NowmBar 20lh h 12 
no on, followed by cre m attoo at 
Souaport at 1 pm. FamBy sowars 
only phon e, tod donation* if derired. 
to St Lukas Chmvh. Fonnbv. c/a 
Dean Bras. 76 Gores Lane. Formhy. 

. Merseynde. Tet Forrahy 07048 

LINDSAY - On November 16th 1906. 
Sir WBUam Lindsay CLB.E.. DL. of 
CuckflekL Wen Sussex. Beloved hus- 
band of Diana, father of Jennifer, 
jama and FeMna and uncle of Bar- 
bara and MchaeL. grandfetho- and 
gram unde. Private eraa a tton. Mo- 
mortal Ssrice on Friday Ntreanber 
21 sL 2 pm at Cnrkflrtd Churdt. 
FamBy Bowers only. Donations if de- 
sired to dwfley Heritage. 

HARMAN - On November lift 1986. 
suddenly. Mrior Michael Anthony- 
aged 41 years. Father of AtWrir and 
Matthew. Loving mid greatly loved. 
Funeral Service at SL Andrew's 
Church. Nether WaOoe. on Tbure- 
day November 20th as 2pm. Family 
Ftowas only please, but donations if 
desired ax The Royal tnstttute for the 
BttxL c/o HJV. HarraU and Son Ltd. 

77 EMurt Road. SaBSbiay. TCI 
0722 21177. 

(Jobo) MUer. mnch toned mother of 
John. Penny and Mcnto. Funeral 
Service and burial OnFrtdayNovem- 

tor aist at we ftoam Church of 6t 
John the BaptW. PBchcnmbe. at 
ll-arn. A Raotaem Mass wm be todd 
d a later date. Family Bowers only, 
tod if desired deaadons ahoffld be 
sent to the Royal Air Force Benevo- 
lent Fund or the Satvanoa'Anoy- 
| PARKMUOST - On 12ft N ov e mb er 
1 1906. Margaret Lfltou (Peggy), be- 

loved wife ot Keith and mother of 
NtofcL Angela and Biddy. Funeral 

P RICE - OU 16ft November 1986. at 
tare borne. Neatn-Saznxine..agad 72 1 
' yearn, of KhwsooL The Parade. Mon- 
mouth. (a former Mayor of tbe 
Borough or Manmcnth. a CoandBor 
and past Ctosnnaa of Mownooft 
District Council). Beloved wife of 
Hemy. dear mother of Dtckir . a 
loved mothemHaw of SaBy and 
gnmdmalber of Otqr. Toby m Tom. 
Funeral Sender » SL Maoris 
Church. Monmouth .on Wednesday 
19th November at 2 pm, foRowed by 
private ftlenneAL. Famtty Ibwoi 
only. in Kea for Local 

Charities for the Aged, may be sera 
to The Henry Spends- Funeral Sir- 
vice. 16 tSendowar Street. 

RUSSELL - On November 16 th. in 
Lynongton HospttaL Arthur Mricohn 
S( ratten, husband of Engfnfe and fe- 
tter of MargareL 

BWOND - On 14th Novanbor. peace- 
tony after a tong and full life and 
ghat fttness bravely borne, ftft. 
aged 87. Loved {after of Dtana wad 
the late AnBmny. Service and crama- 
Boo at Putney Vale Crematorium. 
330 pm Friday 2 1st November. No 
flowers please, not memorial dona- 
Dons to N&PJLG. 67 Saffron Hffl. 
EC1N 8RS. 

SOWERNT- Oh November 13th. in the 
Murray Royal HospOad. Penh, after 
a tong, illness. Leonard Sowerby 
MjLfCsnutoaged 66 fomerty of the 
Department of Maritouattcs. imperi- 
al College. London and of the 
Untversffles of Liverpool and BristoL 
A much loved husband & father. 
THOMSON - On November 16ft. 
peacefully. Joan Mary of Lfnte 
Hones. MoonhUK Lane. BeauBeu. 
beloved mother of Caroline. Mary 
and Richard. Fimoui Sendee ri 
Salisbury Q-em a Mr iu m. on Friday 
2iot November 1986 at 11.15 am. 
No Bowers please, but donations for 
the Wireless tor the Bedridden Sod- 
ety ; c/o H A hutoU and Son LhLTT 
Estcourt Rd. Sattsbmy. Wilts. Tel 
0 722 211 77. 

WAKWUD - On November lSth 
1986. ft the Royal Beatsoa HanttaL 
Glasgow. Alan Richard, of the ’Old 
Sntthy. PtaTAppm. Argyk. uoe or 
Cheam ft Surrey. Dearty loved bat- 
band of Joan and the late Jean and 
loving fetter of &dn. Jennifer and 
MicbasL Funeral at Appu Parift 
Church on Friday 2lst November at 
i-SOpm. No tetters pioase. 

Prt Road. WmctosKr. 
Hanmdare S023 7BE. 
Reg. tfe No. 326508. 


Otoe la . Stem Cvusr* and 
K w e tawm ae. MSiomCUibae 
aKv WUStod for vwc> to Buodnataa 
Mace, me hooks or PkUbbmiu. 
OoB Oaul no toeCUy. wen appoui- 
rd bcorooms. au wtm cotour 
afctaw. radio, cored did ide- 
paooa. One wmg m ow OKSwtvdy 
for todta. ttadteiH puncacd OBUng 
Mom wftti na mom on daortral En- 

dMn do h os. ftuamto for- immuo 

iMOttoga. private irccOMP and din- 
ner POTtte*. Afftad wnh over SO 
urtvoae merataS' dot wnrMwids. 
Ftagy/indivicnra/ Kad o r 

R.C Priesthood/ 
Religious Life 

Yoimg men 0LCJ who are coutttor- 
lag the Religious Ufa and/or too 
Priesthood are hMted to Me pact to 
a retool M AKtnoton Castle. Mau- 
■toae. Kem an Z9tt» December to let 
January. Detap ton Vocation Of- 
fice. The Gate House. AlUngtoa 
Castle. Maidstone. -Kent. Tel: 
Matostene (0622) 673064 

IF You already have a loo In too Alps mu 
Winter ana wnti io boost your wapas tor 
mtnanai «Bnt gK m touch OI42D- 
348 L. 




□Inner Soft* 

Evanaig Tad Sum 
surptu* to tuns 



2S Charing Croat Rd 
London WC3 
Mr Uarester So tube 
01-240 2310 


207 NW3 

TekO 1-794-0 139 

Free Bd&oaiesExpcR Fattoe 

m Can os sod mu IM your weal 
home, r e m von Rum Pr uuaa soarch 
01-741 7127 

Jtft * "84 B re*, mpe urecn. Macotl tilde. 

Interior. CSR. 4.000 ■ 
0476 62033. 


ran MLS BY AUCTION 3/12/86. A art 
cf 18 Hnwmw style mahogany 
carver chain and a mahogany a pU to 
dtotog tame MM lira- long oa mew 
now al MAIXAMS. BocatdO House. TM: 
CUftxd 241358. 




woritfwtde low cost Dightt 
The bod • end ire can prove it 
196.000 them saw 1970 

SYDNEY £374 £660 

PERTH £406 £600 

AUCKLAND £990 £748 

BANGKOK £209 £380 

SINGAPORE £209 £4i« 

HONG KONG £248 £496 

PELH1/BOM8AV £231 £360 


NABOB £348 £396 

JO-BURC £270 £404 

LIMA cam £506 

LOS ANGELES £196 £308 

NEW V OHK £ 99 £l48 

WASHINGTON £137 £274 

BOSTON £157 £374 

HONOLULU £381 £467 

GENEVA £ 79 £ B9 



O/W Ru 
Sydrej £C0 £764 

Auckland £420 £775 

Los Angeles £178 £340 

lolMf £246 £485 

Bangkok r-xi £360 

Rio £282 £504 

01-370 6332 




LAGOS £360 HONG KONG £650 




Ita/lfiB Ragan SL W1 
TEL: D1-43/BZS5A/7A 
_Late.& Gro»g> Bookinqi wekxma 




ONLY £149 ip Mental Valter 
A ViidlmCi 

ONLY C49 IP rouirewd. SL Aatea 

+ Many uaar u*bi£si 
Loaned oflra-mgMw! 
0I-S84 5060 

JdMT ntAHCC • Super value aetf reioina 

Utog tor new brocruirr bow. Tel 01-789 
Z&9Z. ABTA 69266 Alai 1363. 

t G Wf W - MEWI Special often on 
pratm. ROMO FOR A OEAUAHooUns- 
anuouigly tow puree aarane at £69. 
ask torn copy of our bumper brochure. 
101) 7BB 9999. Abu 69266 Alto 1583. 

domes catered main, time 7/1 o. 
french cook, super MM. near Uopcm. Ol 

686 3414 . 

nnwmai P TOO SM Raorh. Lowest 
Pnoes from £59. ABTA. Broch u re: Ol 
602 4826. 


IMU COTTAOE Honour let (ooo HaU- 
day tan Homi From 1/12/86 untfl 
13/1/87. Ouundnoly dacnraiad OnL 
new ctoireraan wan 2 beds. GCH. imed 
kitchen with (roarer, waffiuig/dncr me- 
ctuar. Bathroom, rcecpdon with vtdeo / 
colour Tv. Odouiiboiiio an enntaraniie 
82- private garden. £200 pw. TM: Ol 
686 6766. 


Wmsaop nuct 
•km. Car park. 
Privately own 

EM. Family IW. Thnc 
oadrooma . Larae 

«- Central hewmo- 
4ne. TMeonone. TMcvt- 
Garden, cnomr w a afc . 
XL Rtag: 01-286 8724. 

tie. Na&onwtor dc ll vcw ca . Tet (03818 
880039 (WOW. 

over 1 year (APR OtoL Low interest 

rates over 2 years lAPR 9-SOfej* 3 years 
(APR 12?«) Wrtnan outoadons. Free 
Cta^to30a HMtoto ROtoL NW* 


LEWS MYLES is 15 today- Many 
happy returns. 


CHJ BW E 6tm-LU prafeastanal currieu- 
hao vitae documoita. Details: 01-631 

FMMIMta, Low or MstIml AB a ges, 
areas. DoteUno. DW lOl 6) M Ablniyloo 

UQpm. No teftstl PMBse. I areas. Dtoemw. opi 1016 ) Z3 Atoteidoo 

^ 1 Road. London wa. Tel: 01-938 toil. 

WkTTS - On November 16tt 1986.1 njuc son recovered by Bo- 

peacefBEy. Nicholas Edward Owam. I 
aged 73 yean. Lam CokmeL Royal i 

Menem. NaoonwMe. Tat OL 
272 8201. 

Tank RegbnaiL beloved basbanit of CftMTALCVa prepare toohauanreurews 
Joy Md loving fetter of Mamins. «*«“» «**«■ o 1607 7906. 

Tbnoshy. Mvtbi and Robert and 

goidwteraf WBUam. Lcxy. Emma a scar Boot to KUMpiy bop cao 
mid Hemy. brother of John. David rnwirrrgiiram Hnirtmnnr.. 

and Ctatk. Funeral Service at 11 am ^SSrciSo^ %at^ Sd^uSK 
on 20ft November, at SL Jotark. ^T.asTnMia. ,i„t| mi 
Qdertw and aOnvank at Caaford 

Cfematoriiaa. Westtury-ou-Trim, . ■■ ■ ■ . ■■— ■■■ . 

BristoL Enquiries please toe Lower I - WANTOTI I 

EastriD Fhrm. Object*, nr Chfouai- I WAIN11UI fj 

bam. WDbdifte. Tet Q22S 742517. '■rassa^^mta^taMtaa^^^feB 


wmraan - on November 14th 
1966. Aflttnqr WbEefoord of Garth 
of Flnlarig. Dnfta&t Bridge After a 
haw struggle wSh mores and dft- 
. abtanenL «ay deafly loved husband 
of Anne and bekmd fetter of 
EsmamL Adanand Chartre bferred 
Now CfemeMry Gmdown on Spey: 

nvmEAO . On Novenmer 17th 
1986. Mariorte aged 90. widow of 
llrtdmaM Colonel PS. Wh t te bemL 
Ftmeral privan no flowers. 


DUNKU^r - Albert. CpL. K4M~ DJ5M~ 
3rd Field ArabuUnoe. 65nL RN. 
Dlvtston ■ (Bed of wounds. Beauraon! 
KameL Nowember 171b 1916 aged 
19 yearn. Remembered 70 yean af- 
ter, by Ms tester Neflje and. the 
Dunkley FhmOF today. 

SEAMAN George. HeKhnasterjdwtar 
ana wacbee. Remembered today and 
evoyday. Peggy. 


SFAHAM - hi loving memory of my 
betoved husband. MJLH. JspohanL 
wtto led us mi November 18th 1981. 



ffiUOBdlMm on 18 Novetrfoer 
1936 at BOUfead. *fe of Wight Alec 
lo Dorerei. Now Hvmg at Lamb GaC- 
tage. Newtown, tale of Wight. 


Buy War Medals 

ftrtHdto Q (Mm A Deeoratfons 
Spink & San Lbntted . 

6-7 King Street SLJamesRs 
London SW1Y 60S 
Tel 01-900 7888 CM hours) 

EMtbbed 1666 

WANIKB BOwaraten. Victorian and am 
panted fe rt U Boa. Mr AaMoa Ol 947 
89«6. 667-669 Gamut Lane. EarMtaOL 


paces ana under, ano jrausMe 100 's 

Stt TO W T HUE T Gt v ep um conf an orls)- 
nai Tinea Ne wspa per doted the vary 
day they were bora. £l«L60. 0492- 

■ 631303. 

■EAITMKM. Best tickets for aU'soid- 

- out avants. Ore dtenn totsudo man 
major rom aa mei Credtt cams accepted. 
01-828 1678. 

THE T—I 17N-1M. Other ttoea 
avalL Haoa bound ready for preamia- 
doo - ateo -Sundays". 0 2.80. 
Remember When. 01-688 6323- 

light Eka. Chess. Les Mis. AH theatre 
and mans Tel: 821-6616/000 

M Ml A E s / visa / Diners. 

GRTK, TOEH, Las M)S4Bid PbPDtan. All 
UteUro ana span. Tel 439 176& A8 ma- 
jor crew cds. 


Church news 


The Bn C Barton. 

Devizes .HOfeifeH. dtocrer 

To be otw » non-reswienaary Conon 
ond Prebendary of Salisbury Catbr- 
droL same diocese. . 

Canon R J W Be> an. Canon 
Re-sfflpnuary of Caribfe CHhettraL 
ajore-vp Carlisle: to be uoa 

,0 7Tw 

AtoiftWk^LRtctiard. '®Mse 
rwr. to be Rector. Buxteo S Mary. 
Buxted SI Margar et Uw QueawLnd 
itaiow Down St Mark, sanu- dlo ceve. 

Tite.Rev Boaucta. «tei«M 
rale. hLStefeieb's. GateocnL Ltetsr- 

emr qavenby _ 

The Rev H. Ooppuig. Team 

SI Jono. diocese Wakefield: to be 
Vicar, erasure* Moore, same diocese. 

The Rev JAP Stand** M cDonoal 
Rector. Tolb ud Bc atal wan 
Goew St Mtch»ri a 
Ashmore and CtoUfc 
bury; to be oho a iWiomaumi H 
easian and PreOta Ury of Satttimiy 1 
Cathedral. safpe tbocRte. | 

and Woodsford with Ttarieton. 

Hign Wmnte. dire roe Oaftmt » be The *utafctai R a f,! *2ndrew 
Tea m Vica r. DritowfiL- and 

The Kcv K F Cutverwett. Assptrot VKW 
Prwi. Holy Trinity, Antbtecota. ft- 
ocere wormier to 
LntnHf. diocese L-. _ 

v02 iSs -ip 

The Rev ns. F 
Cref! How 5eh 

duresr Stetahury^eHbe 

Aotuv Huton witli CM'ribouTO ana 
Mtoownre- Ho rarer, aatnr diqrere. 

me RevSJ. GarraiL Rector. HQW 
Trimly. Iterwbridpe T«nil MW**., 
dmeese Sfumufy: W be vicar. - 
W norign . BassetL same 

SSSml 1 dtof&! SteftlHg w ra 
TT^Vtar. Doted*, dmrere fe oe^^ 

Tnc Wra'PC-Hfertson. D ftltf. g. 

Mark with Si NteboMe and Si F ranca. .. nn,,QrtiTt 
Partsmretfh. drnme Pul tsmouOii_to KCliieUfUD 

be VKw. St Andrew. Ttvenoo, nse van Basil Ney. Archdca o na of 

Greater Mnndgterr. dtocme The Rev FJ W . Ra fte win to 
jerwbc Rector. agi rearing at BKftr «n Febcuaiy a. ; 

MrlmnDe Regia Team Ministry, dl- lW7 
unr Salbbury 
The Rev SflW 

LftbfMd: to be »MWrC*WB AppOUHlRCIlt I 

SiStbeoraeM cnepeL WWW. tlw tesT AiCtonJ HarrtoL 

mrnrnT ^U6mgft- & ra*fc St Soege ; London . tobe 

nun- lo to Rertor. Caxton y. 

isssa’SLS? sr«ss 



8 Oiaoiaft 10 t» DtpgCOTOP of 

Thr' R«»v M A. MW». -VrrnMu,ttM Vicar jJjjflfllttilowo. 

TmvkOMrV wttft MWUM JW V« J. &MTIC 

fore Gtoureferr to be a dean* f* MenreoWh and 
Ouptam to the <&een fte Rectorial Benfky.qf Uaronartft. 

weal concern for 

University news 


Sir Kenneth Dover has been 
elected to an honorary fellow- 
ship of Corpus Christi College. 

. Cambridge 

Professor Vincent Alan 
McOeUand, professor of ednea- 
tion al Hull University, has 
beat elected the first Vera Huge! 
fellow of St Edmund's College 
from next April for five months. 


Dr Stephen Geoffrey Ball has 
taken up : fee post of British 
Heart Pbimdatson professor of 
cardiovascular studies. He suc- 
ceeds Professor Ronald linden, 
who retired last year. 


Professor L.W. Forster, of Cam- 
bridge University, and Profes- 
sor SLS. Power, of Oxford 
University, have been .elected 
honorary reflows ofthelnstknte 
of Germanic Studies. 


Professor James Richie, head of 
the department .of Germanic 
studies at Sheffield, has been 
appointed a Commander of the 
Order of Merit of the Federal 
Republic of Germany for his 
contribution to^ Anglo-German 


Tofcthcr we cao beat k. 

Wc fond over one third of ill 
Mw a rc fa into the p r e v e n ti on and. 
core of cancer in the UK. 

Help us bf scndini a donation 
or make a Iqpcy ck 

Campaign Mkl 


•ARSONS OHZXMSW6 2 Rocnn. Young 
praf M/F to share tarot Maxtor S Bad 
house. O/tL Nr tuba. £170 6 090 pen 
excL Tte Ol 731 6362 (reoraoiati 

M «— Ma Prof faialr for poB 
taM noose u> nice area. Own room. C37 
pw Inc. Tel»1462 8702. 

W8 1/2 gMs share Honin' OM. 8 rein* to 
UDe. £30 po. pw occlusive. TSfcOl 938 
4103 (rremngs only). 

MJWU aB T OH Profaammal re H. 30-40, to 
mare luxury owner oc cua rer s flu. 1 
mta shoos 6 Ken High ~ntae. BeaiuifUBp 
tontabed. dm bavin, wtm a o wiw te 
views, own OMhrm. Fun roof terrace 
gpram. $mn h i wx tetier ter fun 
Ctaanng 6 tamxhy. 24 hr phon e ta 
awp il i i u w ra tca £128 pw fll-937-7838 

BLOOMSBURY WC1- EtomnSy (UrnteMd 
doable room In friendly, seamy bpl Bp- 
Sta. gas cote Hit own Phone. £73 par 
inctunve. etc. sum iimfnainnaf 
American. TefcOl 242 7711. 

RAUiAM SW12 . Praf M/ T. N/ S. 25 
ynf. own room. 10 ten re lax ho use , 
garden. £160 pen excL Tet 01 67S 

UORM OROMtWAY. Prof n/s thare tme- 
ixy fua wtm one other. ChtUhI 
t ran sport . £280 pan tad. Teh 01-997 
4676 after 14 Jo 

FLATMATES SriecBve Shartag. wd 
estab tntroauaory renilBe. Ptee cel for 
•ppb 01-689 6491. 313 •rangma 
Rood, sws 

mo Luxmy S/C let floor Bol sottaMelor 
a ooupip. CH. TV. witelltia i bkiuw . 
newfy lined comet*, adn «tc Close *0 
MM. QOO pw. TeL Ol 881 3468. 

OLD BRCM PTO II EBL 1 Larary Oatehore 
for prof F<2330). O/R. ad anens. T.v / 
video J inih g / dryer etc. £260 PCS* 
lari. Pnone: Ol 727 6043 after 6 pm. 

large cetarai iieMed bol own room, ger- 
dan. daw 10 Tttee / BR. Meal far CSV. 
£46 pw. 01 338 0688 (after 7X 

A LUXURY Large home. 2 nfln north of 
dty. dose to shots, female, n/s. o/r. 
fioapw ante. Ol 241 3032. 

M lfelW W W female to share large 
nuned borne, o/r. ak mod rone. S nuns 
Tube. £66 pw ind. TetO 1-700 4416 

CENTRAL FULHAM. Prof CR1 2336 to 
snare mendty spapons OaL Own large 
room. £30 pw reed. 01-731 5264 

FULHAM. Lge rnv private bom. colour 
TV. LAN cookttg foes. SuR PTOI M. n/s. 
3/4 atete. £68 pw tad Tei:731 2289. 

FULHAM *MM 2 reraate* for large doable 
Near transport. £40 0P4>w. TeL-Ol 736 
631 6 (after 6 J0pini. 

Ptett A TERRE. Kentinpian Mews, for e*- 
ecutlva. Own TeL tnUum. £80 pw. Tel 
Ol 573 4316. 

8W11 Prof M/F. N/S. O/R- Close BR A 
buses, free parking. £40 pw Inc- Tet 
226 1702 after 7pm . 

mg 1 m and 1 f for 2 tinteo roams In 
prof mixed iul £178 pan ad. Ol 362 

TWICKENHAM N/S Prof. O/R. Lasrtev 
flaL nr BR. £160 pern okl +■ D» + 
rek. Tel Ol 891 6B4a 


LATOI AMERICA. Low cost ttighte e.g. 
too £486. luu £496 itn. AIpb 8mak 
Croon HoUday Journeys, (eg Peru from 
£3501 JLA 01-747-3108 
America. F*r East Alrica. Akrtane Apra 
Agi Tray vale. 48 Margorel Street. Wl- 
Ol 580 292B (VHP ACDCMPd) 
MF POHA fH SBU sale to USA-CoftMM- 
FOr Ean-Aunratta. Can in* 
pnofoBdonats ABTA IATA cc excepted. 
Tel 01 2S4 5788 

NTLL NV4A, HYJJL Worldwide dod- 
nabons. For the cheapest fores, by us 
1st. Riclnnoad Travel. 1 Duke Street. 
Richmond Surrey. ABTA 01-940 4073. 
UNUR. hKhnhie arir seats 
No«/Dec/Jan(Not Xnrel day HnUnos. 
£109. ABTA/ATOL- Viva Travel. Ol 
2 47 19 62- 

WUfTEB SDH Specials pneas u Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco. Orrece. Maaoa 6 Te- 
nerife. Nov A Dec. Pan Work) Holidays 
01 734 2662. 

ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc. DUaond 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-681 4641. 
Horenam 6BS41 

BEST Fares. Best FUghts. Best holidays 
anywhere. Sky Trauti. 01 854 7426. 


CAMS BEAM Oancord e . Jan/Fcb 87 Id 


park tui N YORK £275 

FraoUun CoO LAySF £355 

Lagos £320 Miami £320 

Nairobi £325 Singapore 1420 

Jo-barg £460 Bangkok £335 

Cams £20} Kannante £440 

Dd/Bon £335 Rafoooo £350 

Hoag Kook £510 cakuua £425 

Hoge Dacnas Anal 00 In & Club On 


21 Swallow SL Loodoo Wl 
01-439 2100/437 0537 




cafio 1205 mm 

OBJ! £380 ROME 


TOC 01-439 3521/8007 


Nairobi. Jo*Burg. euro. Dumu. 
btanbuL Stogasare. KX. OeftL 
BangioiL Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Maacico. Bogota. Caracas. 
Europe. A The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London Wl V 700. 

01-439 0102/01-439 77SI 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

EARLS COURT. Lux flaL One Dodroom In 
a Mock. Privately owned. £146 per 
week, tactuatap not water, central ti*<u. 
tato. washing machine. Wrvkun. 
telephone and porter ufL Rtag: 01-266 






TEL: 01-995 3883/4/5 
ATOL 1922 


wa Tel U.T.C. (07631 867035. 

FM0HIB WMLB9 D la oo ui a Ftares worto- 
wtde. lai/econorey. 01-367 9100 

01 441 1111 . 

Traaelwtse. Area. Atol. 

734 6307. ABTA/ ATOL 

L AFRICA From £466. 01-684 7371 

ARK TICKETS Spedakstt N York £349. 
LA/San Fran £329. Sydney /Melbourne 
£769. AU direct dally fUgbb Oartoa- 130 
Jetrayn StroeLOl 839 7144 

rope. USA & most oeamaUons. 
DMomat TTOveL' 01-730 2201. ABTA 

coma. Sunworid Travel. <037271 
26097 /27I09/27&38. 

STD/IKL G636 Perth £360. AD malor 
camera to Aia/KE. 01-684 7371 

CHEAP FLIGHTS Vt iiihlnnlr- H,n-nhubrl 
• ■I “VI 1 Inc 

MKOWT FARES WortdwWe: 01-434 
0734 JupUer Travel 

miSMKII miW 0044 41131. 

■ EUROPE /WORLD WRX lowest fares on 

„ _ **' I cnaiaer/ecnedaied rat. Pilot FHoni Of 

2 Carbon Home Trace, I 631 0167. Agi Ann 1895. 

TTWnJ London SW1Y5AH. 1 HOLLAND. Dafly mabM. £36 O/W. £66 
* Rtn. Franuun from £69. MUacie Jet- 
Ol 379 3322 

Mr John Gunn has picked 
£500.000 towards fee IxaUBag 
and maintenance of a new 

Appointment . • and maintenance of a new 

Institute of Gennan, Austrian 
SftTWfttioM'of CMuwwy and Swiss affeirs at Nottingham 

BriOsh Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Place, 1 

London W1H4DH. ' > 




l week 30 Dec. cawed cbalcu mduuvrof nktat 

tome Otoucrjirr 
OuHam lo the Qi‘ 

TIM dm- W O 

Tto Hey R. I toPea. . vjear af 

LOCkwmNi. 8WBMF WWMRto- IBM raSffttff-BffmS' 

liar. W Stopton. TanOradge- dto«*r (c ty- a Canon of S Wo otofl 

Rnttoaltf. _ - ..... 

rtn- Bn J4W ■Nwwauey. P «<w . 
ftundrmnn with ntxfoa and U»oy ■ 
dinrew Nwwwiv lo to TeaPi Rrtwff 
8 Hit* CHiteMfteto TmTO MWW- 
Norwich _ Ufto iu«w / — 

ttr hrhool. L.S 2? 

atm on ibaipriin' Gumi « Mnm- 
tH»V CtahnltaL -u*3tr flWYW 

Tto ■ tov IJK.W.SatTir. ft*. 
CjtlJore! M4MU. BBTrif 
to Gil.* k 66t» » (4*6*9* nar* qmatf 
PnrbrtidMT of SrftoDun' CMhftW“- 

S *Tter fl »Sc'l fch- 

‘4fOOnatf\ Wtcklwta B’tiataSiftyg 

la w t mu n ul to n* Rural D«n o» 

tote btaa ► . _ , w , 

ito Hn m sum VRSta. ffostncF, 

feSattL® - ,taeMr “ 


omfflMO onttCnaatm. to to WFr ot 

I w>' Traanw- 


Swausro. to OW totow" to Atoiwww 
MUf CMMtoO. . - ■ 

-n»- R*v T C Jotaa- Vlcar_<g. 

Mr Gunn, aged 44, chief 
executive of the British and 
Commonwealth Shipping 
Group, j pofiuHtfif I. in Gereoan 
from the umverrirv ip 1964. 

The institute is odieved to be 
the only one of its kind in 
Britain. It aims to forge closer 
links bet we en Britain and Ger- 

Lincoln’s Inn 

The following have been decied 
offices for the forthcoming 

ATOL 1820 


- 01-370 0999/0256 

121, liield Road, London SWIO 


Treasurer and Dean of the 
Chapel:. Mr Justice Caulfield; 
Master of the. Library: Sir Ed- 
ward Evdeigh; Keeper of the 
Blade Book: Lord Justice 
Parken Master of the Walks: Mr 
Justice Walton; - 


Dtp*. 20ft /2 IK Derereb* 


OuM (SSSswole . FB £349 SAVE C8> 

□UM Hotel crows BLnclWS F8 £Z49 SAVE £8! 


■ ojwk lurocxtt -FB £199 SAVE £61 


CnaKT La O t te R FB • £199 save lid 

Chalet BKttal FB £349 SAVE £tl( 

Muks APB. - SC £149 SAVE £l5i 


enw Ranch FB £iw savejcjoi 

Offortog Hohl S«H Catoruft * Ofotet Pantes In 47 of CurcWB top room 
Stench DM*. 01-786 2200 ABTA 16723 

0422 78121 ATOL 1232 

IfCtal "LATE 
Nted wUbUl7 
Ully MCL rtn. 
«te«L Hanoi. 
BAB lb twin 
and wc. 14 
£IBwk. NO 
vaun ttu 25 
01-222 7462 

Newer knowingly ureter nta. w* hew 
any fore, en any rtare. any who* In the 
world. Dterauna on haute Creou card* 
we lcom e. Eaang Travel. ABTA. Try ire. 
Tte Ol 579 7776. 

TARE TtaC OFF lo Parte. Amsterdam. 
Brussels. Ruga. Geneva. Berne. Lau- 
sanne. Zurich. The Hague. Dublin. 
Ranan. Bo uh x si e 6 D taw . Time Off. 
2a. Chester Clase. London. Swix 7BQ. 
01-236 8070. 

ONE CAUL for some of the best denis In 
ruteMs. asivunenEL hotels and car Wre. 
Tel London Ol 636 5000. Manmeswr 
061 832 2000. Air Travel Advisory 

TRAVEL CENTRE snedaitalnp In FIT* and 
Quo Class travel wortwide. Budget 
Fares Aussie. NZ. & Afnra. USA and 
Ponupai with acnan. Tel Ol 6G6 HOI. 
ABTA 73196. 

nut Winter. S um mer. Algarve. Tener- 
ife. Greece. Turney. Spam. Earn. Sri 
Lanka and many ranre Mus/iugm. Ven- 
tura: Ol 251 6466. ATOL 2034. 

AaomiCA msbis with Manctwster drerer- 
tures & aha South Africa St New 
Zealand. Tel Travel Centre. Blackburn 
(0264) 63267 ABTA 73196 


The llnesa houses tor rennL 73 Si 
James SL swi. oi agi 0802 . 

GaiwicL/Las Palmas IB OK £227. Ma- 
lapa 22 December. £179. 01 7236964. 
Area auh Acma/Vtsa. 

MOMS KONG £488. BANGKOK £369. 
Singapore £467. Other FEatm 01-604 , 
6614 ABTA. 

LOWEST Air Fares. EoTOtM and world • 
wide. 01 836 8622 BucMngtum i 


LOWEST Air Fares. Seheduted Curgpe & 
World wide. Med Star Travel. 01 928 

TUNISIA. For your holiday where iu atm 
summer. CaHtataDrochuro now Tu- 
nisuo Travel Bureau. 01-373 Mil. 
A LL M cmes. Lowest fares on major 1 
scheduled earners. 01584 7371 .ABTA 


nn, m rnezL Free un Pass. 
Free tnsunuKv. fYee chadrea-a twbonry 

ijunder 161 on many dpiep. Hotels a ante 

ItoSnwoi Manonmuir from £119. 
SO ft md rta . Ol 741 mm A mi »» 

0019 ATOL433. 

MHUAHY Ml kPSCIALA from 8U lcs 
A»« to V«ta«p vufors. Mcrtbri & 
Mrorvrs. TW Ol 602 9766. 
LAQJfSAZ. French SM ChaleL Rcstdcnt 
naff, supem. Cao. araom. S/cai ants. 
Tri (0840 603096 may)/ 602776 

£189. 6.13JD Dee A Sriecint Jan 
Dcs4& fowM 107301 66661 or 01 499 
19 11 * Me your travel agent. 

TOTAL. Chalet PartMs. hotels. MO 
in France/ Austria. Xmu vacs, mow 
•want. (0932) 231119 

HOLLAND FARM. Lovely spncuws furu 
nal m ctegant detached tow. Han. 2 
toe dole detains, toe recto, ut/ouung. 
bath. Off st pkng. Ch. bw tnc. £296 pw 
CO let only. 603 7749 or 0296 748814. 

ROtJIPCTOII W14. Newly dec very pp. 

ctaus asia pgni ftai close to Ken Htgte 8L 
3 bm large rooeb wnh bay window, 
tamng rro/aoi bed. pbie KU/Mto. 2 
bafts. £376 PW Mg. CooM 82B 8261. 

AHnOB C AM BANK urgently retndrap lux- 
ury Dan/houm. Oveteea. Kmohts- 
brtdae. Sfteavb areas. £200 ■ £2000 
pw- Buroess Estate Again 681 5136 

■AMD S/C rum OaL I bedrm. sttnng 
rm. ML bath. poho. CH. £060paa afl 
cxcL son bustaen cooWe. Tel: Ol 876 

IDB A BUTCHOFF for luxury properties 
In SI Johns Wood. Regain Park. Mama 
vole. Sun Cob A HamneteM 01-006 

CHtoWKK W4. 1 bed ftolin edwar ta an 
nseciase luph Rd ATundwi cm lube. 
Lae IC&B. Wen presented, good value @ 
£116 pw. Priory 01-940 4565 

RIUtUtMC ctian q tn g aei e cnon of fur- 
lushed nan & bouses. ITOcn SISOpw. 
£3,000 u Kenstngton & surroundtaa 
areas. Besiham A Reeves. 01-938 3622. 

StH. UgM. bright very pretty marionette 
in cnov erted home. 3 beds. 2 batm. 
recep. ML naemnes. £290 pw ntg 
Como. 828 8261. 

• KcmpMnM. owrt s iw nai for i / a. 
New decor T.v Gon/ teams. Antamrs 
£l35pw. 584 8267/ 998 7220 l -Tphi 

tonneex) APARTMENT* m Keenbwlon. 
Col T v. 24 nr Sw. Tries. CMtepun 
Atotafo 01-373 6306. 

ST JOHNS WOO© rurmsbed 2 bed IML 
avad Mamed. £260pw. Teh Ol 203 
3607 alter ho 

M Too ouabty f urni shed amre/tlat. new 
conversion In exceoent location £185 
pw Tet: 01-937-3954/0722 72639. 

A WEST END F1M and Houses Lut to For 
Sate/Lel Davis WooUe. Ol 402 7381. 
Wl: sunny studio llaL K & B. munnr. 

flint. CltO pw. Tel: 01-636 748Z 
937 SCSI The -—.ion io r e m e mb er 
wnen seeking best rental prapertm m 
central and prime Londo n areas 
£l 60 /C 2 JD 00 ew. 

I W ORM F MEWS SWS Superb new 3 
bed. 2 both integral game- Arch house. 
£i8S pw. Company let prefe r red- Ol 
682 8673. 

WA Luxury matstonettr luti rehnbribed. 
recnL 2 dble bedrms. K & B. 
vrasner /dryer, turbo tMwrr etc. £240 
pw. TeL- 937-3964/0722 72639. 

WEST KEMMSMGTOM: rieganL vpadoos 
2 OM not ti doouef. avaltabie from Uas 
December uaU May 87. £135 pw. Mr 
French 01-603 6170 or 01-686 0403 
ALLEN BATES a Co have a targe nHec- 
Bon of oats A houses avail far long / 
short let fra £15000 P.w. Ol 499 1666 
BARNES, SW&3. Newly dec (Orally her. 4 
beds. 2 tori, toe recep. UL off st pfcng. 
£200 pw. SutHvan Thomas 731 1-533. 
UCXDOUM Area. Os Cite Rm lo let In 
home. Prof person only. £4Gpw inc Ol - 
668 7691 

2 BED newly roav. FF FtaL Near Barons j 
Court Tube. Avail owl Nov. Company 1 
l« only. £16apw. 01-493 4998. 
CHBWICK W4. Attractive 3 bed Edwarai- 
an toe cfoae lube, shoos etc. 2 raoeps. 1 
pauo odn £146 pw. Pnory 01-940 *65* 
DOCRLAHDS Flats and houses to let 
■nroughoiii me Dotddanos area. TttOl- 
790 9560 

FULHAM. Too floor of luxury house and 
usetd rest. Inc office (acltlDes. xusopw. 
Ol 731 7734. 

HUUJIfHI PARK Lux fora 2 bed naL All 
anemnes. nr tube - mu 1 year. £200 
pw. ona. Ol 602 8803. 

KENTISH TOWN Newly dec 1 dUe bed. 
Strang room/dlner. kit and twin. £100 
pw. TefcOl 226 0420- 
don from £326 pw plus VA T. Rag 
Town Home Apartments 373 3433 
MAYFAOr Wl Lux fora marionette. 3 
beds. I rec. new K AB. new decor A 
ca r pets. £32Spw. Tel: 0342 712617 

IBM t END Charming 2 bed cottage. Gas 
OL Avan to end of March. £600 pern. 
THAI 226 0420. 

BY HAMPSTEAD KATH : Wen furnished 
s/c baecment ON. 2 rate, b * k. 6 Mias 
nibe/snoM. £100 pw. CH Ind. Snti 
wm couple or Unde person. Non 
smoker only 01-794-667S after 3pm. 




Luxmy Studio, i & 2 Bed mu 
ser v iced 6 days pw. 24 hour 

For viewing (etevnone: 


For the best 
rental selection of 
in Prime London areas 



270 Earts Court Rend. SWS 

01-244 7363 

irnumcw St wdom comfortable fam- 
ily hooM nor parta and Rtver. 6 
bedrooms. 2 bathrooma. targe ua ete ru 
kachen. CH- garden. 3 mtautes station. 
£225 pw. Long leL Tet Ol 90S 1986. 

EDGE OF CHELSEA Bright 2 bed. garden 
fiat, new eonvnmon. gaaCM. a/wasner. 
l/drvw. wash. tn/c. m/wave, fr/freenr 
etc. snort or long let. £200 pw Tel: 01 
362 1690 or 01 681 0660 

KENSINGTON New i b e tfumn e d mews, 
house, available lor company let Small 
but modern with an fortunes, garage, 
cotour i v. etc. Cl 60.00 per week Tri: 
Oi B78 4315 (anytime). 

KINGSTON New Kmay ruby furnished 
one beoroomed ftaL B w u w i postaon. 
two minutes Norwina stauon Own 
Dorking space. £8000 gw. ToUQl 649 

ON FBtCULIY NO NWS Spaoons 4 bed 
rum marionette Hi charming 
netobbouriwod. GCH. Hw. kU. lge 
recto, tuning rm. stp bath, showers. 2 
WCB. £260pw. owner Tel Ol 633 9466 

FRENDY SWIO Owners' own 

home. ESKeBeni flrti door flat. Double 
b e dro o m - Sunny recro. Mod Ml + baft . 
£176 p w. neg Inc gas/eiee. Ascot Prao- 
erttes OI 486 6741 

BAY5WATTBL very e har n taw apL New 
dec and rum. 3 bedrms. 2 baths. dMe 
recro. Fun ra but. 5 rotas Marble Arch. 
CK tnc. £300 pw. Llpfneod: 499 8334. 

m«nrr m. 2 bMm am. LHted tddg. 
Recep. Ml watit rnacH. bam. W C. Very 
dose toe Good value. £126 pw. 
LndrteM: 449 6334. 

F W OAPF (Management Sendnsi Lid re. 
autre properties in Ontrai. South and 
West London Areas for watting appu- 
canri (el Ol 221 8838. 

QEMMMBTON. Very good ouaUty furn 
and dec 2 bed ftaL dMe recep. m kU + 
washer /dryer, baft wtlli snwr Avail 
now £200 pw. F W Capo. 014221 8838. 

PUTNEY Luxury new modern Mock, re- 
ception. Mlctten. bathroom. 2 double 
bedrooms, nal waUtoe for company 
teL £160.00 Per Week TefcOl 878 4315 

NEBEM TO FK. 2 bedrm apt. Lge Mk. At- 
tract rum. Nice recro. K 6 B. un. 
porter. CH. inc £176 pw. upfriend: 
499 5334- 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury nans A houses 
£200 • £1.000 per week. Tet Burgess 
681 5136. 

Wl Carden So. Lge pane Bat. 2dblbeas. 
lux kU. living no. etc. Fua furmshod & 
equipped £220 pw Tel: (034282J 4307 

UKMCM PCEC U mve Seeks lux 
ftat/hotae: up to £8O0pw. Lsual lees 
req- PtnDtPs K*y A Lewis. South of (he 
Park, cawbea office. 01-352 sill or 
North ot me Park. Regent's Park office. 
01-686 9882. 

HOLLAND PARK, Superb turn Ita m de- 
tached use. Han. 2 toe v elegant reeens. 
ipaneiled dining rmi t able. 2 soqie oeds. 
2 bafts en suae, i/f Wt_ garage * oil st 
Dkog. a atarm Ch. hw nc. £395 pw. Co 
tel only. 603 7749 or 0296 748814. 


MANAGER -2Se.C9.000 Mar- 
vellous opportunity with loti of 
•cope for an rwnmcid person 
with cny 4 Cubos/ C ordon Bleu 
background at this praiessional 
WC1 Him. The aunty lo uaor 

with staff at an levers a must 
For more details mease contact 
Sue Venables Fleet NnMnrl 
<Rec Cotri) 404 4933 (24 ttrsl 


Designers- FVnnaneni Jk temporary 
positions. AMSA Soeoalhn Reenutment 
Consultants. 01 734 0532 


OUT OF AFRICA Reared Managing Direc- 
tor aged 60 yrm. 26 prs East and West 
Africa. MD for 3 troop companies 
(cloned Airlean resnsum extensive 
touting uirougnoui West Central and 
Ean Africa Pension for Ufe bat after I 
year UK would uke lo return to Duck 
Africa speciality dealing wtm Mmia- 
tnem. Health. Education. Government 
Contracts. Services aria aid monies. 
Looking for preposmon/coiuracl as 
General AdmlnlMraior. African sun. 
Prooerty. long term interest etc. Relief 
Manager Md preferably long term tours. 
No anattuneori. available tmmedutety. 
solan' not a priority, accept local cur- 
rency. pro rata bans Attend Interview 
any European country. Reply to BOX 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m ana 6 p.m. Monday lo Friday, 
or between 9.30 a*m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advcniscrs 
01 481 4000 

Birth. Marriage and Death Notices Oi 481 3024 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 01 481 4481 

Public Appointments 01 481 >066 

Prapcny 01 48 1 1986 

Travel 01 481 1989 

U.K. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors 01 481 4422 

Personal 01 4$1 1920 

Business lo Business 01 481 I9S2 

Education 01 48 1 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages, Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Social Pay: 

Cannot be accepted by Telephone 

Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court &. Social Advertising. 

Times Newspapers Lid.. 

I, Pennington Street, 

London El 9DD 

Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries 
for the Court & Sodal page may be made after (0.30 a.m. on 
0! S 22 9953. 

You may use jour Access, Amcx. Diners or Visa card. 

<6 ?8fafl5B5'¥afi iS.3S»> 

The case 
of the 

Continued from page 1 

Palace staff all still ins ist that 
Om Crown Prince's absence 
does not represent a snub to 
the British royal couple, but if 
be is in the Canaries while 
cla imin g to be at a Swiss 
hospital it is clearly a consid- 
erable insult. Crown Prince 
Abdullah has dose contacts 
with Syria as well as a Syrian 
wife, and is said by British 
sources here to look unfavour- 
ably on Britain at present, 
partly because of the leaked 
letter by the former British 
Ambassador in Riyadh, Sir 
James Craig. 

To avoid any suggestion of 
coldness to the royal couple. 
King Fahd himself last night 
hosted the first official ban- 
quet fin- the Prince of Wales; a 
planned lunch with the vice- 
governor of the City of Riyadh 
was scrapped so that the long’s 
occasion should be first Natu- 
rally, the princess was not 
invited to the king’s exclu- 
sively male dinner; she had to 
be content with a separate 
meal in a room full of Saudi 
princesses hosted by the king's 
wife. Princess Jauhara. 

The royal couple are also 
the first guests to stay in the 
king’s newly-completed Nak- 
heel guest palace, which he has 
put at her disposal. 

Tonight the royal couple 
will again eat separately in this 
aggressively masculine Is- 
lamic nation. While the prince 
is entertained by his new 
official host, the Defence Min- 
ister, Prince Sultan, the prin- 
cess will dine with the British 
Ambassador's wile and yet 
more Saudi princesses. 

Despite the absence of at 
least two key figures, there 
were some two dozen princes 
and sheikhs in red headgear 
and billowing robes ready to 
greet the royal couple when 
they arrived at the VIP termi- 
nal of the opulent Riyadh 

As the Prince of Wales 
walked from the aircraft’s 
steps with Prince Sultan, tire 
Princess walked several steps 
behind. She, her lady-in-wait- 
ing and the British Ambassa- 
dor’s wife were the only 
females on the tarmac. The 
prince inspected a guard of 
honour in green and while toy 
soldier uniforms. 

By the standards of Epsom 
or Ascot the afternoon's race 
meeting was a joyless affair, 
devoid of much gaity. The 
course is small, the stands 
smaller, and 600 counts as a 
good crowd; but there is 
neither d rinking nor betting, 
which does not leave a lot to 
do except watch the horses. 


fi J£ iWJK&i 

/•••' > : - 


I: ■ ‘ — 

mM * 

WSSk , ■ = »! ■ 

• '.-Vv 5 Vi--. :: * v > >,:• r.| • : : 

• ■■ :■>. 

Frank Johnson at the Commons 

Cosmetics on the 
iceberg’s face 

'pfcil mm 


t? , . , 

•*lp mmW : ^ 


. lfc ,j .vw-i 

' .Sir. 

■ ■■■• % -• 


■ --y-. 

m m 

niwp ii f s ¥ d~, n j^ 



r 4;T7'i f (7; 

Fen near Diss in Norfolk 
is the only home in Bri- 
tain of the Great Raft Spi- 
der, which can be seen 
waiting motionless by the 
pools for its prey, walking 
on water, diving and even 
catching small fish. 

The marshland, owned 
by the Suffolk Trust for 
Conservation, is an oasis 

bind animals and plants. 
The main conservation 
problem is the lowering of 
the water table since drier 
conditions have allowed 
scrub to invade. 

Conservation Corps 
parties remove scrub and 
dig “spider pits”, fi- 
nanced by the World 
Wildlife Fund. 

»■ #. / jf ’ fife. ' V wilpi 
P# i ■ 45 t W R ^ 

'■ \BSBSa ^m 

Shares fall 
in scandal 

Mr Robin Cbdk, a Labour 
frontbench spokesman, yes- 
today put an emergency 
question asking what the Go- 
vernment was doing about 
insider trading in foe City 
after the affair of Mr Geoffrey 
Coflier, foe director dis- 
missed by Morgan Grenfell 
Securities allegedly for that 

In reply, Mr Michael How- 
ard, an Under-Secretary at 
the Department ofTrade and 
Industry, was soon in the 
position in which Mr 
Gorbachov frequently finds 

From time, to time Mr 
Howard and Mr Gorbachov 
announce reforms which are 
Intended to stamp oat 
corruption. But the enemies 
Of rinraiminisnij Of in Mr 

Howard’s case capitalism, al- 
ways say that the crackdown 
amounts to very little, or is 
merely “cosmetic”, or only 
touches the tip of the iceberg; 
or is a just a cosmetic on the 
iceberg's unacceptable face. 

The cynics go on to say that 
of course Mr Howard, or Mr 
Gorbachov as the case may 
be, cannot do otherwise.Tbe 
corrupt practices are integral 
to whichever system either 
statesmen is claiming to re- 
form. True reform wul end- 
anger Mr Howard’s, or Mr 
Gorbachov’s grip on power. 
Corruption in the Soviet 

was widely bcHeved that he 
wanted to liberalise the City, 
without of course emkiager- 
irtg the party’s monopoly of 
power. By Tory standards, he 
k young (45)JHe has an 
attractive wife, daughter of a 
wing commander in what the 
City officially refers as the 
Great Patriotic War. 

It was against this back 
ground that Mr Howard, 
replying to Mr Cook's ques- 
tion, told the HouseTOa 
November 14. the Secretary 
for Trade and Industry (Mr 
Paul Chanson)' made a co- 
mm encment coder bringing 
into force on November L 
those sections of the Finan- 
cial Services Act relating to 
powers to investigate insider 
Healing offences and the 
disclosure of restricted 

Like those Western 
correspondents who take Mr 
Gorbachov’s reforms at face- 
value, some of us immedi- 
ately accepted that those 
grim, bureaucratic phrases 
did indeed amount to one Of 
the most sweeping assaults so 
far made against Mother 
City's immemorial corrup- 

But Mr Cook was 
contemptuous. He is Scot- 
tish, ginger-bearded, and gen- 
erally rancorous. He is 
therefore well-suited to being 
a Labour spokesman on the 

Union, or foe City of City. 

London, could only ■ be He congratulated Mr How- 

stamped out by nothing less 
than the abolition of capital- 
ism or communism and the 

aid on bringing in powers 
which only two weeks ago the 
minister had said could not 

Baker to insist on merit awards for teachers 

Continued from page 1 

teacher and provide real in- 
centives for foe young, able 
and energetic teachers”. 

Under his package, half the 
profession would be above the 
basic scale, compared with 
one third under that agreed at 

Some of the Cabinet believe 
he has already made too many 
concessions, a view shared by 
many Tory MPs, who yes-' 
terday were in no mood to 
demand peace at any price. 

The Secretary of State’s 
strategy now appears to put 
pressure on foe unions and 
local authorities to move 

closer to his position to 
strengthen his hand in nego- 
tiations with his colleagues. 

A derision is expected next 
week after the resumed talks 
and after the Cabinet commit- 
tee considering the matter. 

But last night, sources close 
to the employers said they did 
not expect any significant 
changes in the shape ofthe pay 
structure to emerge. Mr 
Radi ce and Labour MPs urged 
Mr Baker to accept the “fer- 
reaching comprehensive 
agreement" reached at the 

The Labonr education 
spokesman said an agreement 

backed by unions representing 
two thirds of teachers was fir 
more likely to slide than an 
imposed settlement 

“For the sake of a slightly 
different pay streuture and a 
relatively small extra cost, 
barely £50 million over the 
next 18 months, is it worth 
risking all the problems and 
potential disruption which 
could result from imposing a 

Mr Baker retorted that the 
agreement was not yet com- 
plete and important details 
had to be finalized. 

Both Mr Baker’s proposals 
and the draft agreement would 

cost £608 million over the 15 
months from January 1, 1987, 
though the latter does require 
extra money, to be phased in, 
to pay for the class size limit of 

But the Baker parikag e is 
more hierarchical, with a basic 
scale ceiling of £12,700 to be 
reached alter nine years of 
service. The maximum under 
the Acas deal is £15,058 after 
13 years, with rises of up to 
62 percent for the lowest-paid 

Both packages tie teachers 
to new contracts setting out 
their duties and conditions of 

Continued from page 1 

Grenfell, foe merchant bank, 
had a marked effect on the 
stock market 

Shares retreated ova a 
broad front, with the FT 30- ! 
share index losing 14.7 points 
to 1,278.5. Apart from a 
general air of nervousness in 
the market, brokers said the 
insider-trading scandals 
would probably dampen take- 
over activity on both sides of 
the Atlantic. 

By contrast, Wall Street 
trading appeared to be little 
affected, with the Dow Jones 
Industrial Average down only 
2.53 points to 1,871.06 at 
1.30 pm. 

Meanwhile the two in- 
dependent investigators 
conducting the government 
inquiry into suspected inrider 
trading by Mr Collier are 
working quickly. It is believed 
that Mr Peter Scott QC and 
Mr Graham Kennedy, met Mr 
Collier on Sunday — the day 
they were appointed. 

Shares suspended, page 25 

departure from history of be introduced until next year, 
such figures as Mr He riso produced a figure to 
Gorbachov or Mr Howard. the effect that in 100 tafce- 
Furthennore, because of overs m the past year, the 
the accumulation of hatreds average price of the affected 

and injustices, and the auto- 
cratic nature ofthe systems, it 
would be unlikely that either 
man's fill would be blood- 
less. It is pointed out, for 
example, that over the centu- 
ries the City has never known 
democratic rule. It would be 
absurd and un-historical to 
assume that the Stock Ex- 
change could immediately go 
over to Westminster-type 
representative government. 

Reformers placed great 
hopes in Mr Howard once he 
had finally clawed his way up 
to be under secretary at the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry. True, he was no 
Western-style democrat He 
first rose to prominence as a 
“Queen’s Counsel” - the title 
given to some of the party’s 
leading apparatchiks - in the 
tough Inner Temple region. 

But whatever terrible 
things he might have done, 
during his climb to power, it 

shares had gone up 66 per 

Mr Howard replied that the 
swiftness with which the 
Secretary of State bad acted 
had showed the 
Department’s determination 
“to tackle the mischief ofthe 
pernicious offence of insider 
dealing." But, in order to 
placate any in the party's Old 
Guard who were alarmed by 
the anti-corruption drive, hie 
repeated the ritual phrase 
that “ so fir as the contribu- 
tion of City investment to 
British industry is concerned, 
in the last year £2,600 million 
has been raised by the City 
for industry.” 

Several Labour back- 
benchers, who regard the Chy 
as an evil empire which could 
never be reformed, suggested 
that the 'Government was 
much toiKher about Social 
Security fraud than about 
insider trading. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen, accompanied by 
foe Duke of Edinburgh, opens 
foe new Lloyd's Budding, 
Loudon, 11. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President, foe EnglisfanSpeaking 
Union of foe Commonwealth, 
presents foe prizes to the win- 
ners of the two ESU English 
Language Competitions, Buck- 
ingham Palace, 2.45; and later. 
President, the World Wildlife 
Fund International, gives foe > 

sixth World Conservation lec- 
ture, Logan Hafl, London 
University, 6.15. 

Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester, attends a meeting of 
foe Ladies* Guild of foe St John 
Opfoalmic Hospital. 1 Grosve- 
nor Crescent. 1055. - 

The Duke of Gloucester at- 
tends a memorial service for Mr 
Henry Moore, 1 1.55, and 
presents the 1986 Torch Trophy 
Trust awards at a reception . 
given by the Fan Makers’ Com- 
pany, St Boiolph’s Hall. Bisb- 
opsgate. 6.30. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,206 


1 Blade belt enthusiast puts 
on to go to dance (8). 

5 Declares U.S. conditions 

( 6 ). 

9 Provokes a saint without 
cause (8). 

10 More reasonable — less like 
Shakespeare's lad; (6). 

12 Radiant silver sea, say (5). 

13 Concentrated in grammati- 
cal form without number 
(9) - 

14 One race uses soothsayer in 
opening ceremony (12). 

18 Hamming it up about for- 
mer wife bring too demand- 
ing (12X 

21 Money to be made locally, 
says Cockney making too 

. much of it (9). 

23 Unqualified, say (5). 

24 Determine to have the 
tinned variety (6). 

25 Wartime measure causing 
unconsciousness (5-3). 

26 Last boundary before com- 
ing to the river (6). 

27 Light gas in spa hotel, offi- 
cer (8). 


1 In the end! get a top decora- 
tion (6). 

2 Cleopatra's 9 ac abandon 
ship (6). 

3 A man about to bellow for a 
discount (9). 

4 Cat-suited leg shaken and 
waved (12). 

6 Coach or maybe several of 
them (5). 

7 Dreadful smashing (8). 

8 Soldier's an artist, they say 

( 8 ). 

II Capita] in mist perhaps 
needs reform in a construc- 
tive way (12L 

15 As a broadcaster, the girl 
has little weight, right? (9). 

16 1 propose wrongly to exhibit 
a dolphin (8). 

17 Described being left in foe 
grass (8L 

19 Effective way to get on top 
of evil, say (o). 

20 Make certain to get rid of a 
fool (6). 

22 Near the middle of the 
meal? Not quite (5% 

Solution to Pnzrie No 17,285 

sniSEJSHHraraiwiffls - 
m ii m p a. p ii a 


aaiiEEa . ejnnEnranf? 

S 3 B ' K E il 

sdi'AllDS ij^HijSniEGE 
DU a USE. 
EG [= ' E E 
L4s^K5jrann acsrasBc 
ts~ n e n ; = b b n 
anwtSE ■. i3EGEnnnr=)m 
B C3 E E' IS .(S @ s 

Concise Crossword page 

Prince and Princess Michael 
of Kent attend the Variety 
Club's A Night at the Savoy to 
include a special gala perfor- 
mance of Killing Jessica, the 
Savoy Theatre followed by a 
supper party, the Savoy Hotel 

Princess Alexandra opens the 
new conference facilities at the 
Postgraduate Medical Centre. St 
Richard's Hospital, Chichester, 
2; and later opens “The 
Cherries", a Chichester Health 
Authority residential home for 
mentally handicapped children. 
College Road, Chichester, 3.10. 

New exhibitions 

Technology in foe Library; 
photography, printing, conser- 
vation and the computer; The 
National Library of Wales, 
Pengiais Rd, Aberystwyth, 10 to 
4.30 (today only). 

Watercolours by Jenny Mat- 
thews; Flying Colours Gallery. 
35 William Si, Edinbmgh; Tues 
to Fri 1 1 to 6, Sat 10 to 1 (ends 
Nov 29). 

Exhibition in progress 

Doug Cocker sculpture and 
related works; Art Gallery and 
Museum, School hill Aberdeen; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Thurs 10 to 
8, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Nov 29. 

Masterpieces of twentieth 
century photography; Corner- 
house. 70 Oxford St, Manches- 
ter; Tues to Sat 12 to 8 (ends 
Nov 23). 

Mannie! Mannie! Save Met 
The work of Aberdeen City Fire 
Brigade; Janies Dun's House, 
SchoolhiU, Aberdeen; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5 (ends Nov 22). 

Still Life; National Centre of 
Photography, The Octagon, 
Milsom St, Bath; Mon to Sat 10 
to 4.40 (ends Nov 29). 


Organ recital by David 
Gotxle; Bristol Cathederal, 1.15. 

Piano recital by Graeme 
McNaugbt; Cowdray Hall 
Aberdeen. 7.3a 
Recital by Hilary Jane Parker 
(violin) and Peter Gritlon (pi- 
ano); The Holywell Music 
Room, Oxford, 8. 

Talks, lectures 
An, craft and aesthetics in late 
Victorian sculpture, by Benedict 
Read; Reception Room, Wills 
Memorial Building, Bristol 
University, 5.15. 

God’s Word and our Words, 
by D.Z. Phillips; Curtis Audi- 
torium, School of Physics. New- 
castle University. 5.3a 
Towards an Alternative Wel- 
fare State, by Pro£ Alan Walker, 
Sir James Knott Hall Trevelyan 
College, El vet Hill Rd, Durham. 

8 . 

Hitachi Lecture incomes and 
incomes policies, by Mr. Ron 
Todd; Terrace Room, Susses 
University, Palmer. 6.15. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Con tin u- 
aii on o f debate on the Queen's 
Speech (Industry and employ- 

Lords (2.30): Continuation of 
debate on the Queen’s Sp ee ch 
(Home affairs and the environ- 

TV top ten 


Wales and West: M4: Contra- 
flow between junctions 16 and 
17 (Swindon/Chippenham). 
M5: Contraflow on southbound 
carriageway at junction 14 
(Thorn bury). A30: Contraflow 
approaching Menymeet round- 
about between Exeter and 

The North: MI: Mqjor repair 
work betweenjunctions 31 and 
33 (Worksop/Sheffield); various 
slip road closures and di- 
versions. M1& Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 1 and 2; expect 
delays. M63: Major widening 
scheme at Barton Bridge, 
Greater Manchester; various 
lane restrictions and link road 
closures; severe delays occur at 
peak limes; avoid if possible. 

Scotland: A726: Various lane 
restrictions and closures be- 
tween Niishill Rd and Roufcen 
Glen Rd, Renfrewshire; delays. 
B769: Single line traffic on 
Speiisbridge Rd, Thomliebank; 
also only one lane in each 
direction on Thomliebank Rd 
ai junction with Auldhouse Rd; 
delays and congestion likely. 
A876: Patching work between 
Kincardine Bridge and Bow- 
trees roundabout; temporary 
traffic signals and lane closures. 

Information supplied by AA 

The pound 



A trough of low pressure 
will cross England and 
Wales daring the morning 
and early afternoon, fol- 
lowed by a ridge of high 
pressure. But a further 
area of low pressure will 
approach the SW from 
the Atlantic. 

6 am to midnight 


E rin' , I' l iihl iiy- 



Births: Pierre Bayla, phU- 
ospher, Carla-le-Bayle. France, 
1647; Sr David YV3hie, painter. 
Cults. Fife. 1783; Cart von 
Weber, composer. Emin, Ger- 
many, 1786; Lottis Daguerre, 
pioneer of photography, Cor- 
meOles. France. 1789; Star Wil- 
liam Scbwenck Gilbert, coll- 
aborator with Sir Arih in- 
Sullivan in the Savoy operas, 
London, 1836; Percy Wyndham 
Lewis, artist and writer, founder 
of the Vorticist movement, at 
sea off Amherst. Nova Scotia. 

Deaths: Captain George Mao- 
by, inventor of shipwreck life- 
saving apparatus. Yarmouth. 
1854; Chester Arthur, 21st 
president of the USA 1881-84. 
New York. 1886; Marcel 
Proust, Paris, 1922; Walter' 
Nemst. physicist, Nobel laure- 
ate 1920. Muskau. Germany, 
1941; Niels Bohr, physicist. 
Nobel laureate 1922. Copen- 
hagen. 1962. 

Tower Bridge 

High Tides 


Bridge 237 7cC 

m 148 41 

m am i3.c 

r PH 

1 2.411 
1 2.12 
i ais 

1 HT 
i aa 
! 4.1 


*4 v in i n f i B o i: 1 1 1 1 

« 52 cloudy 
11 52 cloudy 


Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tor smafl denorainaOon bank notes 
only as suppfiad by Barclays Sank PUG. 
MM PW» tax: 3884 
UMdoac^The FT Index dosad dnm iAJ 

wnftoaK Son eats: 

7.23 am 4.D8 om 

ting-op time 











































liT ' tttttt 

cW t « ! » rff 

m y u hi* (») il 

ill'll >T1 > 7m <77771 

British Telecom’s pre-re- 
corded Travetine service gives 
regularly updated information 
on travel in Britain and on the 
Continent, including details of 
weather conditions, strikes or 
other problems likely to affect 
travellers. Rate 01-246 8030; 
Road (iactiidiiis coach s e rvic es ): 

01 -246 803 1; Sea: 01-246 8Q3i 
Sea: 01-246 8033. ^ 




ADVERTISERS 01-481 4422 


FAX NO. 01-481 9212 

TELEX 925088 


ADVERTISERS 01*481 4000 









Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 




FT 30 Share 
12783 (-14.7) 


1628.6 (-15.7) 

1 (25788) 

USM (Datastream) 

130.1 (-0.8) 


US Dollar 
1.4285 (-0.0010) 

W German marie 

2.8756 (+0.01 09) 

68.5 (+0.: 

UK puts 
byte into 

The five-year AJvey pro- 
gramme to stimulate the Brit- 
ish information-technology 
industry includes a £130,000 
development of systems for 
Mandarin Chinny by a com- 
pany sdling compute- termi- 
nals to the Far East. 

Sintex Speech Technology, 
based in south-west London, 
is an offshoot of Sintex, which 
does business with China, 
Singapore, and Malaysia, as 
well as Denmark. 

The speech-technology pro- 
ject for Alvey, begun a year 
ago, has devised a way of 
making digital recording of 
Chinese speech, with the aim 
of allowing operators to touch- 
type from Chinese sonndsu 
The terminal is capable of 
reproducing 7,000 Chinese 

St Ives up 49% 

St Ives Gronp pretax profits 
for the year to July 31 rose 49 
per cent to £83 million on 
turnover up from £563 mil- 
lion to £69.4 millio n- A final 
dividend of 6 p, making a total 
of 9p for the year, has been 
declared. Tempts, page 26 

Dataserv talks 

II l l 

Dataserv Inc Is ho3d&$ 
preliminary talks which may 
lead to an offer being made for 
the company. An announce- 
ment is expeeracT within . Z& 
days. ■ ;r ;■ 


Lucas Indnstzies propxscs 
to issue $50 huHkht (£35 
million) bonds due . 2001 , 
convertible into Lncas shares, 
through an international in- 
dicate. Interest is expected to 
be 5*h percent 

MAI may sell 

To avoid referral to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, MAI w31 sefl a 
substantial proportion of 
London and Continental 
Advertising Holdings’ poster 
business to Arthur Maiden fin: 
£i L£12 million if MATs take- 
over offer for LCA s u ccee d s. 

N Brown up 

N Brown Investments, the 
mail order group beaded by 
Mr David Alliance, increased 
half-year pretax profits from 
£1.9 million to £2.7 tniBkm 
for the six months to August 
30 on turnover op to £30 
million (£24.2 million). The 
company, which is changing 

in coesKy s 
British company 

Shares in Cambrian & Gen- 
eral Securities, the British 
investment trust controlled by 
the disgraced American arb- 
itrageur Mr Ivan Boesky, were 
suspended yesterday as atten- 
tion turned to his past activ- 
ities in Britain. 

Information on Mr Boes- 

Bf Richard Lander 
shares — have been transferred 
to an agent appointed by a US 

Finn evidence of Mr 
Boesky’s arbitrage dealings in 
the British market is thin cm 
the ground, although his 
has appeared often in City 
mhimiw during bid 

hands of the Department 
of Trade and Industry, passed 
on by the United States 
Securities & Exchange 
Commission under tenns of a . 
memorandum of understand- 
ing signed recently by the. 
British and US governments 
in an effort to crack down on 
insider trading. . 

A statement by the Cam- 
brian directors said they were 
“surprised" by the news erf the 
$100 mifiknt (£70 million} 
fine imposed on Mr Boesky by 
the SEC on Friday. The board, 
which confirmed Mr fktefcy’s 
resignation, said it was 

consulting professional advis- 
ers and would make a state- 
ment after meeting on Friday. 

The DTI refused to com- 
ment on any possible in- 
vestigations into Mr Boesky 
or Cambrian, tot a Stock 
Exchange spokesman said 
there tod been no reqirest 
from the DTI for share trading 

information. ■ . 

Mr Boesky Trill be bn the 
enda of a Stock Exchange 
Dirndl meeting today, al- 
though the spokesman said 
there were no specific plans 
for action now that he had 
resigned from Cambrian. His 
stores in the trust — 12 per 
cent of foe ordinary capital 
and 73 per cent of the capital 

According to those who 
came across him, Mr Boesky 
was never completely at home 
in Britain, and even Cam- 
brian, an important vehicle in 
his arbitrage activities, was 
more than 90 per cent in- 
vested in the United States. 

“He was always a. bit ner- 
vous of the British market It 
didn’t have the liquidity be 
liked," one broker raid. Ironi- 
cally, Mr Boesky once said the 
London market was too leaky 
for him, allowing shares to rise 
sharply before a. bid was 

Mr Boesky had several firm 
contacts in the City, including 
Schraders, foe merchant bank, 
which raised money for both 
Cambrian and his New York 
operations, and Seligmann 
Harris and Greenwell Mon- 
tagu, foe stockbrokers, who 
were joint brokers to Cam- 
brian. He is said to have used 
several British firms for trad- 
ing shares, although for most 
he used SeHgmaim, 
whose senior partner Mr Rob- 
ert Items flew to New York 
yesterday to discuss Mr 
Bbesky*s position. A spokes- 
woman for the firm said it was 
not involved with Mr Boesky 
beyond a normal relationship 
with any other client. 

Most recently, be has been 

linked with share stakes in AE, 
the engineering group still 
being fought over, Pearson 
and Commercial Union. He is 
also known to have tod talks 
with Airken Hume, foe finan- 
cial services group, and Dtm- 
top befo re it became port of 
the BTR empire and is said to 
have built up shareholdings 
during battles for Distillers, 
Westland, CT Bowring, De- 
benhams and Standard Char- 
tered. Other companies 
thought to have caught his eye 
at some stage include the 
Savoy Hotel group and Trust 
House Forte. 

Perhaps the clearest exam- 
ple of Mr Baesk/s British 
arbitrage activities came in 
1983 when he bmlt up a 5 per 
cent stake in Eagle Star, the 
insurance group, when it was 
being fought over by BAT and 
Allianz of West Germany. 
City analysts say Mr Boesky 
“made a nice killing" by 
sdling his 5.59 million shares 
for £46.4 million to BAT in 
the market after foe conglom- 
erate had made what proved 
to be the winning bid. 

However, Mr Boesky was 
far less successful in attempt- 
ing to arbitrage a takeover 
battle in late 1984 between 
Carless Capel & Leonard and 
Premier Consolidated Oil- 
fields, two British oil com- 
panies. Just before foe bid 
closed, Mr Boesky built up an 

8.3 per cent stake in Premier 
which, unusually, he publicly 
pledged to Cartes. Mr Boesky 
is believed to have bought his 

12.3 million shares at around 
65p — a price they have never 
been near since. 

US insider trading Swift start 

to Collier 

Ftam Bailey Morris, Washington 

The American insider trad- focused 
fog inquiry which brought 

its name to N Brown Groupt, is 

paying an interim dividend of 

Payout missed 

Pineapple Group has 
halved its pretax loss to 
£93,000 in the year to July 31 
from a restated £196,000 in 
the previous 12 months. The 
dividend is again passed. 

Tenns 26 
WsQ Street 76 
CjNm 26^8 

Stock Merkel 27 
Mosey Mite 28 

RwbiBn* 2 
TadedOpts 28 
Shut Prices 29 
Unt Tracts 38 
Co— cfl ffrr 38* 
USM Prices » 

down Mr f 

spread rapidly to indnde cor- 
porate aiders, jnnk bond 
ps rv c y o re ana sAitragpura, 
industry sources confirmed 

Officiate ..of- the US Securi- 
ties mid Btriany Commis- 
sion, acting on information 
suppled by Mr Boesky, have 
tamed at feast 12 subpoenas 
seeking information about 
specific tradra and from weS- 
known investors,- including 
Mr Cad Icabn and Mr Victor 

The subpoenas, which seek 
detailed information on Mr 
Boesky’s relationship with the 
securities firm of Dread, 
Burnham, Lambert Inc, in no 
way imply guilt, officials said, 
tot stow that foe SECs 
investigation is widening 

The ofikaab said that, m the 
new subpoenas, the SEC seeks 
for foe first time to penetrate 
the “golden triangle” — Wall 
Street parlance for foe re- 
lationships among corporate 
raiders, arbitrageurs and in- 
vestment banking houses in- 
volved in the wave of 
corporate takeovers. 

Mr Michael Milken, widely 
regarded as Wall Street's Junk 
bond long, was tamed with a 
subpoena, as was Mr Boyd 
Jefirte» cbmnnan of Jeffries & 
Company, a Los Angeles bro- 

SEC investigation is 

on sources of in- 
formation ami is likely to 
involve foe dose questioning 
of those on foe fringes of 
muiftij inducting c om pany 

directors, lrayrs, investment 

hankers and others who assist 
companies in takeovers. 

fra a addition* .foe Senate 
Rantrfnjy Coinjnittee, under 
the chairmanship of Senator 
William Proxmire of Wiscon- 
sin, is expected to bold hear- 
ings on insider trading to try. 
to propose legislation to the 

Prominent Wall Street of- 
finals said the SEC investiga- 
tion which began fast May 
with charges against Mr Den- 
nis Levine, of Drexel 
Burnham, had undermined 
public confidence in foe 
securities markets. 

It will be foe big Wall Street 
houses’ task over the next few 
months to try to restive 
confidence and head off a 
waveofnew regulations which 
could retard a ctivity on mar- 
kets, officials said. . 

It was also learned that the 
closely guarded investigation 
which Ira to Mr Boesky’s fall 
was triggered by an anony- 
mous tip. The New York 
office of Merrill Lynch re- 
ceived an anonymous letter 
stating that two brokers in the 
firm’s office in Ca rac as, Ven- 
ezuela, were trading shares 
based on information not 
publicly available about forth- 
coming takeover bids. 


By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

The two independent in- 
vestigators conducting ' the 
government inquiry into sus- 
pected insider trading by Mr 
Geoffrey Collier have started 

It is believed that the in- 
vestigators, Mr Peter Scott QC 
and Mr Graham Kennedy, 
met Mr CoDier on Sunday, foe 
day they were appointed. 
They were also m touch 
yesterday with Morgan Gxen- 
fcH the merchant bank from 
which Mr Collira was forced 
to resign because his share- 
dealing broke house rules. 

Although the length of the 
inquiry will depend on exactly 
what the investigators un- 
cover, H is likely to be 
completed within days rather 
than weeks. 

One contoticating factor is 
that in investigating Mr Col- 
lier, the inspectors wll have to 
sift through foe books of the 
fly man Island company used 
to buy foe stores in AE. 

It is looking increasingly 
Ekely that the US Securities 
and Exchange Commission 
will be drawn into the inquiry 
mwtot could prove one of the 
most important tests of the 
new exchange of financial 
information agreement be- 
tween the US and Britain. Mr 
Collier conducted the share 
deal, which ted to his resigna- 
tion, throngh the Los Angeles 
office of Vickers da Costa. - 

Minister defends policing 

By Colin Narbroogh 
Mr Michael Howard, Min- 
ister for Consumer and Cor- 
porate Affairs, yestertfay made 
a firm defence of sdf-regnla- 
tion—tte grading principle of 

legislation for the City after 



Haw York 

Dow Jonas 18B8J39 (-&20T 

NfelSlDOMr 17206.15 (-182135} 

sSjoSeri^ — — 224SUJ9f-1.Wj5 

Amamdam: Gan — 

SydrarjrAO 1326.7 (-35^) 

Commerzbank 19795 (-7.2) 


General 383* 38 

Paris; CAC ‘ 


SKA General 


London dosing price* 



Bank Base: 11% 

3-month fntertrenk ii*-™***, 
3-month ebgtie eterlO 23 **- 2 '** 

" ‘ i rata 


Print* Rato Wfc 

Federal Raids 6 ’wV 

Smioath Treasury SB* $40-&39% 
30-year bonds 99’ 3 ™-09 »k’ 


E: *1.4285 
£■ OM2.8756 
E FR9.4138 

tindn.- 8 U- 
Gcusn/a - 

1- £1.4285* 




fc YeniK.70* 

*: twtecini . 




Hewitt J. 



t38p Mr { 

Barton Ttanspcxt — 445p(+1 

Graenfefl — .425p 




Kennedy Brookes 



n f-.J I | mu r.f 

□xKWJnwumeni — * 
Vaux Group — 

Price* ere w at 4pm 


tondoe Bring: 


dose *390.7 

Hear Yorie 

Coraoc S391 JO-39230* 


Replying to questions in the 
Commons about Mr Geoffrey 
Collier, a former director of 
Morgan Grenfefl Securities, he 
said that the case dem- 
onstrated just how well the 
financial institutions were ca- 
pable of pofiring themselves. 

Mr Collier is under in- 
vestigation by two special 
inspectors for alleged insider 

The move came after the 
DTTs decision last week to 
tong forward foe introduc- 
tion of toigb powers of in- 
vestigation - 

“The fact that Morgan 
Grenfell acted in the way it did 
last week demonstrates that 
self-regulation is working and 
working well," Mr Howard 
told the Commons. 

Keen to remove doubts 
about the trustworthiness' of 
London as a financial centre, 
Mr Howard dismissed 
Opposition charges that the 
Collier case was merely the tip 
of an iceberg of insider trading 
in the securities market. 

He said: “The City, as a 
whole, is an honest arid hard- 
working institution." Those 
who broke the rote were only 
a “ small minority". 

Steorag towards privatization: Lend King with Concorde model (Photograph: Stuart Nkol) 

BA profits dip by £60m but 
sell-off on course for success 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

British Airways, dire to be the six months was £1,696 restoring market confidence," 
privatized by the end of million against £i,743 million 
January, saw its pretax profits 
plummet by £60 million to 
£141 million in the six months 
to the end of September. 

today. Lord King of Wart- 
naby, the chairman, blamed 
“an unprecedented and ir- 
rational” drop in riftmanri, 
particularly in transatlantic 
travel, after the Chernobyl 
disaster and the American 
bombing raid on Libya. 

But Lord King said the 
airline was on course for a 
successful sale which would be 
“another major step on foe 
road to BA achieving its 
corporate goal of being the 
best and most successful air- 
line in the world”. 

The c hair man declined to 
speculate on the full year’s 
results to next March, with the 
second half traditionally a 
period of poor ticket sales, but 
he bo^ed BA would not make 
a loss in the second half 
The airline’s turnover for 

a year earlier. For tire whole of 
1985-86, BA made profits of 
£195 million on a turnover of 
£3,149 million. 

BA’s debt, ’which stood at 
£1.53 billion in March 1983 
and is all guaranteed by the 
Treasury, was cot to £379 
million by tire end of tire last 
financial year and in the latest 
six months was down to £353 

milli( ) n , 

The figures show that be- 
tween April and June the 
airline suffered from a cut of 
almost 20 per cent in the 
numbers of mostly economy- 
dass passengers flying BA on 
the transatlantic route. Over- 
all, numbers were down 5.8 
per cent and revenue pas- 
senger kilometres on sched- 
uled services down 113 per 
cent in the quarter. 

“We judged that the fall in 
demand had been irrationaL 
We deliberately decided not to 
reduce capacity except mar- 
ginally. Instead, we set about 

Lord King said. 

He said North Atlantic traf- 
fic, which accounts for about 
40 percent ofBA’s profits, had 
now begun to improve and 
was up 3 per cent in Septem- 
ber and 6 per cent in October 
compared with a year earlier. 
It was a measure of the 
recovery that the operating 
surplus, which had declined 
by £52 million in the first 
quarter against a year earlier, 
ended the six months largely 
unchanged at £1 13 million. 

Lord King said competition 
remained strong - 

Mr Colin Marshall, BA’s 
chief executive, said increases 
in the airline's security costs 
after tire terrorist attacks 
around the world earlier this 
year tod been significant. 

He said that in tire four 
years to March 1986, pas- 
senger revenue had increased 
by 49.4 per cent and cargo 
revenue try 473 per cent. 

Tempos, page 26 

Boom in 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Retail sate held up at 
September’s record levels last 
month, confounding Gty 
expectations of a sharp down- 
turn. The figures, taken in 
conjunction with trade reports 
of healthy November sales, 
suggest that the consumer 
spending boom is continuing. 

Sales volume fell by 0.1 per 
cent last month, against 
expectations ofa drop of 1 per 
cent or more. The volume of 
spending in the shops was a 
full 7 per cent up on October 
last year. 

The Retail Consortium said 
the figures reflected the resil- 
ience of sales in the light of last 
month’s mortgage rate in- 
crease and the fine October 
weather, which discouraged 
some spending on winter 

Mr Richard Weir, foe 
consortium's acting director- 
general, said that retail sales 
volume was on track fora 4 to 
6 per cent volume increase 
this year. Retailers were con- 
fident of a bumper Christmas. 

The value of sate last 
month was £7.4 billion, or 
£1.85 billion a week over the 
four-week trading period. This 
compared with £1.77 billion a 
week in September. Sales 
value was 10 percent up on a 
year earlier. 

Department of Trade and 
Industry officials said that 
indications were that retail 
sales held up in all sectors last 
month. The index of sate 
volume at 123.1 (1980 = 100), 
compared with 1233 in 
September, was the second 
highest on record. 

In tire latest three months, 
tire volume of sales was 2 per 
cent up on the previous three 
months and 6 per cent higher 
than in the Augusi-October 
period last year. 

The trade figures for last 
month, due next week, will 
provide a further indication of 
the proportion of the spending 
in foe consumer boom which 
is being taken up by imports. 

In the first 10 months of this 
year the volume of retail sales 
was 4.8 per cent higher than in 
the same period of last year. 

Datafin raises offer for McCorqudale 

Datafin, the management 
buyout company in battle 
with Norton Opax for McCor- 
quodale, yesterday raised its 
cash offer by 5p a share to 
315p. The offer values the 
company at £161.4. 

Mr Robert Maxwell, 
McCorquodale's largest share- 
holder, played his final cards 
when he annonced he would 
assent his entire 22 per cent 
stake to tire Opax bid, on 
condition that, if it lapsed on 

By Alison Eadie 

Friday, Opax would hot frus- 
trate foe Datafin offer. 

Mr Maxwell stands to make 
a profit of about £5.5 million 
at the 31 5p offer price. 

Datafin said its offer would 
be declared unconditional af- 
ter receiving acceptances of 75 
per cent. It revealed that Mr 
Maxwell had accepted an 
invitation to take £ 2.6 million, 
or 4 per cent, of the fully 
diluted Datafin equity and up 
to 10 per cent, if other 

McCorquodale shareholders 
did not subscribe. 

Datafin is making £11.8 
million of its shares available 
to ordinary shareholders on a 
pro rata basis with Mr 

Mr Clive Chalk, Opax ad- 
viser at Samuel Montagu, said 
yesterday: “We would not 
have thrown away our trump 
card unless we thought we 
were not going to lave to use 


Last week Opax said it 
might not assent its near 15 
per cent stake in McCorquo- 
dale to Datafin, if its own offer 
lapsed. This could thwart the 
management buyout offer. 

The independent directors 
of McCorquodale, supported 
by adviser. KJeinwort Benson, 
have urged shareholders to 
reject the Opax bid and accept 
tire Datafin bid. 

BTR buys 
stake in 

By Lawrence Lever 

BTR Group, the aqmsitj on- 
hungry industrial conglom- 
erate, yesterday announced 
tire purchase of a controlling 
interest in three publicly 
quoted Taiwanese chemicals 
and plastics companies — its 
first direct investment in 

The three companies, 
largely owned by one Tai- 
wanese family and known as 
the China General Plastics 
Group, are being purchased by 
BTR’s publicly-quoted Aus- 
tralian plastics subsidiary, 
BTR Nylex. Nyiex is paying 
US$87.5 million for 51 per 
cent of CGPG, plus 4 million 
of its own shares, worth A$40 

BTR h as a 62.5 per cent 
stake in BTR Nylex, which 
obtained a British listing for 
its shares in July. 

Yesterday’s deal, effective 
from July! this year, will 
increase BTR Nylex’s sales 
and profits by more than half. 
CGPG, quoted in Taiwan, 
achieved sales of A$24I mil- 
lion and pretax profits of 
about AS27 million m tire first 
half of this year. 

Rival bid talk lifts Gestetner 

Gestetner, the 


stencil copier a century ago, 
looks set to become foe latest 
British household name to faH 
into foe hands of a m&Mfeh 
overseas Investment group. 

Continuing the tread seen 
elsewhere in British industry, 
the new owner would be 
ABStrafian,-m tire shape of 
AFP Investment Corporation, 
which owns a 20 per cent 
option in the shares of Elders 
DX, another Antipodean 

“We’re convinced that foe 
opporte-ities ayaffaWe hi 
investing in an international 
brand name Eke Gestetoer are 
considerable,” said Mr Bari 

By Onr City Staff 

Sellers, who would become 
chairman of Gestetner under 
foe agreed deaL 
However, Gestetner shares, 
suspended at 140p on Mon- 
day, soared to 200 p after 
relisting, before closing at 
190p, prompting talk of a rival 

Mr Greg Melgaard of AFP 
would lwrof™* executive dep- 
uty i-haiffnan in control of 

David GestetnerwooM remain 
managing director, and he and 
his brother, Jonathon, would 
be derated from co-chairmen 

AFP proposes to inject np to 
£340 pwHfon hrin Gestetner 
over foe next five years m a 

deal which wotrid give it a 55 
per cent stake in the British 

Initially AFP woald sab- 
scribe for 10 minion new 
shares at 140p, and would 
subscribe in nD paid form for 
lean stock, convertible into 
168 million new shares at 170p 
by foe end of 1991. It has a 
farther option on 726 million 
shares dt the same price. 

Although AFP wants to 
maintain Gestetner’s luring, 
shareholders — minding the 
Gestetner family trusts which 
own almost 30 per cent of the 
company — are bring offered 
175p a share in cash through 
an underwritten offer. 

No person shall carry on, 
or purport to carry on, 
investment business 
in the United Kingdom 
unless he is an 
authorised person...” 

Investments are defined as, inter alia, 
Unit Trusts, Life and Pension Contracts. 

If you are a practising Accountant or 
Solicitor, you have four choices: 

To set up as an authorised Investment Business 
To become a representative of a single Life Office 
To withdraw entirety hum giving investment advice 
To liaise with an ‘Authorised Independent Intermediary 1 

For more information and a 
copy of our Professional Agent Booklet please 
write to: JohnBridel or Clive Scott-Hopldns 
at Towiy Law and Co. Ltd.,Towiy Law House, 
High Street, Windsor SL4 1LX, or 
telephone: 0755 868244. 


registering as: Authorised Independent Intermediaries. 



Bis-? »&§ « ?§£■■§£ Sis ¥ is § i§.35»> 



Dow tumbles sharply 
at the opening bell 

EEC ministers agree plan to 
liberate capital movements 


New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street managed to recover 
some of Its composure after a 
sharp decline at the opening 
helL The decline was sparked 
h? news on Friday Oat Mr 

Ivan Boesky, the arbitrageur, 
had agreed to settle seoaities 
and exchange commission 

Most of the declines occ- 
urred in stocks associated with 
buyouts, but brokerage com- 
panies also came under heavy 
pressure. E F Hatton fell 1 H 
to 42 3 « and Archer Daniels 
was down l's to 22. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which bad readied a 
high daring the day of 

Nov NO* 
14 13 

187331, dropped by 5.76 
points to 186733. Hie trans- 
port index was down 5i2 to 
83233 and the utilities index 
dropped 0.7S to 20931. 

The NYSE composite index 
was down 0-51 points at 
14031, while the broader 
Standard & Poor’s 500-share 
index lost 0.75 points to stand 
at 243.75. 

• Northrop Carp, the aircraft 
mamrfarfnrer, says there is no 
need for farther investment in 
the F-20 Tigeishark pro- 
gramme. Its total expenditure 
on tire programme will amount 
to about $1-2 billion (£800 
million) by the year-end. 

EEC finance ministers yes- 
terday agreed on moves de- 
signed to give complete 
freedom of capital movements 
within the community. 

The measures enable Euro- 
pean companies to issue, and 
buy, bonds and shares in any 
member state, and to reduce 
restrictions on long-term busi- 
ness financing across EEC 
borders. They also allow EEC 
citizens to invest in com- 
panies in other EEC states 
which are not listed cm stock 

The move, welcomed by the 
Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
is bound to benefit British 

warned on 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Unpalatable measures will 
be needed to bring the econ- 
omy back under control, says 
forecast out today by 
Charterhouse, the investment 

and hanking group. 

“The rapid growth in credit 
and money supply, the test 
rise in wages, worsening bal- 
ance of payments and political 
uncertainty will lead to further 
pressure on the pound,” said 
Mr James Morrell, economic 
adviser to Charterhouse. 

“Ministers appear to be 
shutting their eyes to the 
dangers and consequences and 
sooner or later the excesses 
will have to be corrected." 

Charterhouse takes the view 
that the recent relaxation of 
both monetary and fiscal pol- 
icy by the Chancellor will be 
corrected soon after the gen- 
eral election. 

However, the forecast 
sounds a note of warning that, 
in the absence of a clear 
enough lead in the opinion 
polls for the Conservatives, 
the election could be delayed 
until well into 1988. Should 
this be the case, Britain could 
have to “muddle through” 
with present policies for al- 
most another two years. 

The current account wifi be 
in deficit by £2 billion next 
year, the forecast says, while 
inflation will rise to 43 per 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

financ ial institutions. Ills part 
of a plan to complete the 
internal market by 1992, to 
increase the flow of capital to 
medium-sized businesses in 
the EEC, and to extend the use 
of the ECU. The Commission 
hopes the ECU will replace 
pounds, francs and marks as 
the unit of account in private 
and commercial transactions. 

Greece, Ireland and Italy 
are to maintain some restric- 
tions on capital movements 
for the tune being. But Herr 
Gerhard Stoltenberg, the West 
German finance minister, said 
be hoped the remaining na- 
tional safeguards would be 
removed next year. 

Why Heath’s investors 

M Jacques Delores, presi- 
dent of the Commission, 
hailed the new directive on 
free capital movements as the 
equivalent of London’s Big 
Bang. He said; “The Big Bang 
has come to Brussels.” 

However, some financial 
experts said the directive was 
merely symbolic since many 
restrictions on the buying and 
selling of shares across fron- 
tiers had been removed. 

Spain and Portugal are ex- 
cluded from the new EEC 
directive because they joined 
in January this year, and have 
not had tune to adjust fully to 

Fuel cost tops concerns 
for ceramic association 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

The British Ceramic Con- 
federation wlO be launched 
today, representing the in- 
terests of a £1.5 billion in- 
dustry with products ranging 
from refractory linings to 

The main concerns of the 
organization, which employs 
70,000 people, are likely to be 
the need for cheaper energy 
and the continued availability 
of day-based raw materials. 

The industry . is energy- 
intensive and spends about 
£150 million a year on fuel 
and power. Mr Kevin Farrell, 
director of the confederation, 
said: “To remain competitive, 
energy prices must be com- 
parable with our competitors'. 
Our European competitors 

have benefited more than we 
have from cheaper ofl.” 

Last year, ceramic exports 
totalled more than £400 mil- 
lion. Overall, there has been a 
considerable increase in the 
industry's tableware and gift- 
ware sales in the past three 
years but most other sectors 
have been hit by limited 
public investment and lade of 
demand from the building 
sector. Jobs in the industry 
have fallen by about a third 
since 1979. 

The confederation is based 
at Stoke-on-Trent, Stafford- 
shire. Its 142 members repre- 
sent more than 90 per cent of 
the heavy day and refractories 
industries and 85 per cent of 
pottery manufacturers. 

Call for check on aid 

Priority for Britain's aid 
budget should be given to 
countries committed to eco- 
nomic recovery programmes, 
Mr Christopher Patten, the 
Minister for Overseas Devel- 
opment, said yesterday. 

“I want to reinforce through 
the quality and effectiveness 
of our aid programme, the 
case for its growth as our 
economy strengthens,” he 
said. “Overseas aid should 

assist the structural adjust- 
ments made by the countries 
themselves,” he added. 

“The aid community has 
been responsible for pressing 
too many — sometimes low 
priority and capital-intensive | 
— projects ou these countries, I 
contributing to the neglect or 
maintenance and to the need 
for substantial provision of 
recurrent expenditure,” he j 
said. i 

Biggest money market in China 

Peking (AFP) — A money 
market dealing in loans and 
bond transfers, the biggest of 
its kind in China, has opened 
in the northern city of Tai- 
yuan, according to the official 
New China News Agency. . . 

The market run by the 
Industrial and Commercial 
Bank of Taiyuan in Shanzi 
province, win also handle bill 
discounting andits services are 
available to other parts of the 

Risk Management by 
NatWest The Action Bank 

in Seoul. 

NatWest is pleased to announce the opening of its 
Representative Office in Seoul on November 18th. 

For full details of the range of banking services 
that can help manage your business and financial risks 

George Harvey 

Representative for the Republic of Korea 
Seoul Representative Office 
23rd Floor, Dongbang Main Building 
150 2-ka, Taepyung-ro, Chung-ku 
Seoul, Republic of Korea 

Tel No: 752 5811 5812 Telex: K33-282 NWB SEL 

Ian Farnsworth 

Senior International Executive 
UK Region 

National Westminster Tower 

25 Old Broad Street 

London EC2N IHQ 

Tel No: 01-920 1781 Telex: 885361 

• TNT: The company has made 
an offer to acquire, through its 
United States subsidiary, TNT 
Transport Group, all the com- 
mon stock of Airborne Freight 
Corporation for $29 a share, a 
total consideration of SI 72 mil. 
lion (£120 million). The manag- 
ing director and chief executive 
indicated that, if given the 
opportunity to review and as- 
sess significant non-public 
information, the company 
might be able to increase the 
proposed purchase price. 

HAJVfc No interim dividend — 
no dividend paid since 1979. 
Figures in £000 for six months 
to June 30. Attributable loss 1S7 
floss 94) after all charges but 
including tax credit 48 (11 
debit), adjusted loss per share 
0.9 (0.9p loss). 

• CECIL GEE: Figures in £000 
for 27 weeks to Auwm 2 (32 
weeks to August 10). Pretax loss 
529 (350 profit), no tax (samel 
total toss per share 21.7p (10.2). 
The board expects a significant 
improvement in liquidity at the 
beginning of next year, and it is 
to look again at growth and 
expansion within the core busi- 
ness activities. 

terim dividend 0.75p (same), 
payable January 6. Income in 
the first half was insufficient to 
cover the recommended pay- 
ment but the company estimates 
that revenue in the second half 
will be at a higher level, and it is 
the board’s intention to main- 
tain the final at not less than 
1.7Sp (same). Figures for six 
months to September 30. Net 
profit before tax 114,751 
(152J2I0), tax 79.829 (65,925V 
earnings per share 0-35p (0.86). 
Net asset value per share 1 78.1 p 

GINEERING: No interim divi- 
dend. Figures for half year to 
July 31. Turnover £545,037 
(£591,628), pretax profit 
£19,425 (£18,686), tax £6,799 
(£7,474), earnings per share 
0-85p (0.98). The new board 
says that it intends to build on 
Whittington'S existing engineer- 
ing base and to seek to acquire 
complementary businesses. 

MENTS: A rights issue of 7 per 
cent cumulative convertible 
redeemable preference shares of 

P R 


C T I ( 



ABN 11.00% 

Adam S Company 11.00% 

bccl ii m 

Cihtank Sawgsf 1245% 

ConsoWated Crts 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank ,.11.00% 

C. Hoaie & Co. — 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Stanza... 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westmmster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scottamf 

TSB nm 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

Shareholders in the trou- 
bled Lloyd’s broker C E 
Heath have to decide by 
Friday whether to approve 
their board’s proposed 
merger with Fielding 

Approval would scupper 
the offer from FWS, so 
shareholders have to look at 
both proposals. A no vote to 
both is not a realistic option, 
as Heath has conceded that it 
needs help on the manage- 
ment front There is as yet no 
sign of a white knight 

Heath dares slipped far- 
ther yesterday to 48 3p, in- 
dicating the market's doubts 
about PW^s chances of suc- 
cess. The PWS all-paper offer 
is worth 534p a share and the 
cash and convertible offer is 
wrath 524p- 

Heath dismisses the bid as 
fin a n cially inad e quate, yet its 
preferred option with Field- 
ing places a lower price on 
Heath shares. Hambros, 
which is selling Fielding to 
Heath, is (daring 7 J per cent 
of Heath at 464p if the deal 
goes through. 

Heath says that its stock- 
brokers, James Capd and 
Kitcat & Aitken, believe that 
Heath, combined with Field- 
ing, wiH produce a substan- 
tially higher price-earnings 
ratio than for Heath alone. 
But the argument is under- 
mined by the Hambros plac- 
ing price. 

The. argument tha t senior 
Heath staff will walk out of 
the door, if FWS takes over, 
also looks somewhat thin. 
Heath staff have been walk- 
ing out of the door at an 
alarming rate without die 
threat of PWS. 

The allegation that FWS 
has less manag ement in 
depth than Fielding does not 
hold water. FWS has ac- 
quired a lot of talent from 
other brokers in recent years, 
particularly from Wilhs Fa- 

As a straight choice, the 
PWS deal offers shareholders 
abetter bet Heath sharehold- 
ers end up with 74 J per emit 
of the company for a profit' 
contribution from PWS of 
£8.3 milli on (admittedly after 
an accounting change which 
added £1.5 million). The 
Fielding option gives Heath 
shareholders 72J percent for 
a profit contribution of £6 

milli on 

.The Fielding option is 

amply too expensive. Addi- 
tional payments and options 
to Fielding management 
could take the price up from 
£71 milli on to £82 million. 

Shareholders should vote 
against the Fielding acquisi- 

St Ives Group 

St Ives Group prints more 
than 10 milli on foibles a year. 
Overall demand is rising, no 
doubt reflecting the instabil- 
ity in the world at large. 

Bibles account for a fifth of 
St Ives's book printing and 
provide stability. Book print- 
ing as a whole accounts for 25 
per cent of profits. 

Its 10 percent market share 

makes it the largest book 
printer in Britain. However, 
it controls about a quarter of 
the printing of mass-market 

Printing books is a lower- 
mipig in activity than p rint i ng 

magazines. However, ratio- 
nalization after the December 
acquisition of Richard Clay, 
is causing tag cost savings. 

Magazine printing ac- 
counts for 75 per cent of 
profits at St Ives. With a 
market share of 10 per cent, it 
is the second-hugest maga- 
zine printer in Britain after 
Robert Maxwell's BPCC 

St Ives has just won the 
printing contracts for EUe 
and Company magazines, 
brin g in g the total number of 
contracts up to 329, a 31 per 
cent increase on last year. 
Demand is buoyant, with 
virtually all new capacity 
fuDy deployed. 

The balance sheet is strong 
with gearing telling to well 
below the last stated figure of 
22 per cent. The group is 
loolonf for acquistions in 
related areas but may have to 
compete with BPCC for 
choice pickings. 

This year, profits should 
rise to £10.5 million (earnings 
per share 56.8p>. Given toe 
management 's quality, the 
shares deserve their premium 

British Airways 

After a disastrous start to the 
current year, British Airways 
was not expected to shine 
when it presented half-time 
profits yesterday. In die 
event, the 40 or so analysts 
who trekked to the Savoy to 


£1 to raise up to £5.52 million is 
proposed. The shares will be 
offered in the proportion of one 
preference share for every four 
ordinary. The company will be 
applying for the issued radinary 
and the new preference to be 
admitted to the official Kst. 

• HENARA: The formal offer 
document about the recom- 
mended cash offer by W R 
Warner and Co, a subsidiary of 
Warner-Lambert, has been sent. 
The directors of Henara who 
own shares have given irrevo- 
cable undertakings to accept the 
offer in respect of their holdings 
totalling 6,051,013 shares (52.7 

TION: Figures in $000 for three 
months to September 30. Net 

loss 379 0259), net loss per 
sha re $0 .01 (loss $0.03). 


dard Chartered Merchant Bonk 
announces the acquisition of the 
Newbold Wells Organisation 
(NW) by Masterchange, which 
is owned by members of foe 
existing management team and 
institutional investors ted by 

More company news 
is on page 28 

• HARGREAVES: By 3pm on 
November 16 acceptances of the 
increased offer by Coalite for the 
capital of Hargreaves not al- 
ready owned by Coalite had 
been received in respect of 
20,351,649 Hargreaves shares 

hear the news came away well 

Even with the benefit of. 
sharply lower fad prices, the' 
first-quarter operating sur- 
plus was a mere £38 million, 
compared with £90millioa in 
1985. The main factors, a 
sharp tell in traffic after the 
Libyan bombing raid and the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster, 
are by now weD documented. 

They led to honor stories 
like the one about the Ameri- 
can jumbo jet flying to 
Europe with a mere 27 pas 1 
sengers aboard. 

There is little doubt that 
BA adopted the correct strat- 
egy with an eye to a January 
flotation in marketing its wary 
out of the problem rather 
than simply catting prices to 
fill spare seats- This way it 
Tnapsiffd to daw bade some 
of the first-quarter short&IL 

The second-quarter operat- 
ing surplus turned out much 
in line with that oflast year so 
that profits ran out only 30 
per cent down over the. full 

In the run-up to privatiza- 
tion, the point will not be lost 
that BA is highly susceptible 
to adverse factors on the all- 
important North Atlantic 
routes. For the 30 per cent' 
profit decline arises from a 
much more modest decline of 
just 2.8 per cent in passenger, 
numbers across .the whole 
network, despite the strong 
positive contribution from ; 
lower fuel costs. 

The absence of last year’s 
£24 million of foreign ex- 
change losses also flatters the 
1986 figures in relative terms. 

But a high degree of opera- 
tional gearing works both 
ways. And for next year h will 
be running strongly in BA’s- 
fevour. Assuming that the 
second half produces its usual 
breakeven position or a little 
better, full-year profits in the 
region of £140 million to 
£150 million should be a 
fairly easy target to beat for 
the following 12 months. - 

For the moment, analysts 
are pencilling in estimates of 

f?7fl mill in n to £250 mi1Hnn | 

which should allow BA to be. 
floated on a handsome yield, 
in the region of 7 per cent and 
still leave a reasonable degree 
of cover for the dividend. 
That should more than take - 
care of most of the risks 
inherent in BA's^usiness. 

{56.04 per cent). In addition, by 
3pm on November 16 accep- 
tances of the new cash alter- 
native had been received in 
respect of 12,192.645 Har- 
greaves shares (33.58 per cent). 
Prior to the offer period Coalite 
owned 1,685,000 Hargreaves 
shares (4.64 per cent). . - - 
AL: Results for the nine months 
to September 30 in SOOOs. 
Exploration costs: minerals 
1,529 or £1,069,000 (1,530), oil 
and gas 2,010 (571). Other 
costs/revenues: interest income 
564 (890). General and admin- 
istration 402 (296). Currency 
translation gains 287 (865). Tax 
154(363). Expenditure in period 
3,244 (1,005). at beginning of 
year 2,532 (859), at end of 
period $5,776 ($1,864). ‘ J 

Laing & Cruickshank 
Holdings Ltd 

An international securities house 
purpose built for the mid 80 s 
and beyond ... 


For ftirtiw an tamofton pwosa contact Anmany Oewn 

.VJf’nifHR/rllwwt iiim v 
wmMifti. imM m— - i. 





target is 

f oxygen may have 
ted Ma 

Lade. of 

frustrated Mallory and 
Irvine's bid to scale Everest 
Not so the gilts market, look- 
ing cheaper and heading for 
fresh yield peaks after four 
disastrous trading sessions last 
week. Longs now yield a 
fraction less than 1 1 per cent, 
while mediums, at the hump 
in the curve, return more ths m 
1 1.5 per cent Official inflation 
is 3 per cent 

On the Everest scale, the 
market is op to Camp V. 
Traders are breathing easily, 
swearing freely and moving 
nimbly in the. snow. An as- 
sault on 12 per cent yields 
seems only a matter of time, 
the weather and Christmas 
spirit. Do not forget that in the 
early 1980s gilt yields soared 
into the mid-teens. 

Eleven in the morning on 
Thursday, November 13. was 
a critical moment in the fife of 
this market. The popular long 
runner. Treasury 1 1% per cent 
2003/07, fell to a price at 
which it yielded exactly 11 per 

Virtually the entire market 
held its breath at that mo- 
ment. Would traders buy re- 
turns of that magnitude? 

Aided by speculation about 
rising oil prices, judiciouly 
injected into the market at this 
juncture, gits bounced, in 
theory, the market found a 
bottom. But traders who be- 
lieve such things in anything 
but die short-term could be 
punished severely for their 
optimism. Disequilibrium 
soil reigns, not least because of 
the activities of the West 
German authorities last week. 

In three distinct ways the 
German authorities under- 
lined their view that rates and 
yields were still rising. A 
tighter fiscal policy was an- 
nounced for 1987, witness a 
sharply reduced federal 
borrowing requirement 
Rates on 28-day sale and 
repurchase agreements were 
pushed up five basis points to 
4.40 per cent finally, the 
coupon on new 10-year federal 
government bonds rose a fan 
ft point from October levels to 
6% per cent Pretfictably. the. 
mark strengthened. 

It may be churlish to recall, 
the Chancellor's comments 
on sterling exchange and in- 
terest rates. On television 
recently, the Chancellor ap- 
peared to commit himself to 
maintaining selling at levels 
dose toDMX9Q, even if that 
meant pushing British rates 

Tactics worked 

The German moves im- 
pinged directly on these com- 
ments and on gill market 
yields because sterling im- 
mediately sagged as the mark 
improved. Period rales rose 
sharply, (hough a base-rate 
rise did not take place. 

Cynics guessed that the 
Chancellor is playing for dine 
before allowing base rates to 
rise at some stage m Decem- 
ber, using the reserves to 
support sterling until after the 
British Gas flotation later this 
month. Incurring long-term 
liabilities to generate revenue 
through asset sales sounds 
unorthodox. But these tactics 
have been tried recently —and 
they winked. 

Factoring British Gas into 
the gilts market yield equation 
serves to recall just what 
difficulties the authorities £&e 
in trying to bead off fresh rises 
in rates closer to Christmas. 

Pro forma, the anthoriues 
will be heavy buyers of bifls in 
early December, a move 
which will increase fears that 
monetary growth is zipping 
ahead, unless gilt sales rise in 

What the authorities lack in 
this market is a kind of 
Abominable Snowman, who 
could halt traders in their 
tracks and frighten them afl 
the way back to base camp. 
But Yetis are hard to find u 
the new set-up. 

In foe absence of the 
jobbers’ cartel it is hard for 
the authorities to produce that 
familiar Dmidical lightning 
out of a dear blue sky, a daily 
hazard in the old gibs market. 

Traders should keep a dose 
eye on the index-linked scoot. 

It could provide a useful due 
about the authorities' 

Flaying about the compo- 
nents of nominal return, it is 
easy to produce a construct of 
future yield somewhere in the 
12.S per cent region. It is this 
prospect which motivates the 
really die-hard bears of the 

But in the very short term 
two points are worth recalling. 
First, foe authorities are 
committed U) standing behind 
this segment of gills and, 
second, index-linked stocks 
have redly flown in the past 
two trading session. It is just 
conceivable that a strong 
showing by index-linked 

stocks coukl alter the shape of 

foe market, tempting m buy- 
ers as real returns were seen to 

Conclusion - look for a 
short-terra bounce, without 
any jpcai conviction. The. 
medium-term outlook re- 
mains dismal 


Dealers pin hopes on bid 


By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

Expect news of a bid , later 
week for Kennedy 
Brookes, foe fast-growing 
Wheelers and Mario Franco 
restaurant c hain. That was the 
talk in foe market yesterday 
even though foe shares ran 
into profit-taking and closed 

13p below tbeir peak of 304p. 

There has' been constant 
takeover talk surrounding the 
shares for most of this account 
but Mr Michael GoWcr, chair- 
man of Kennedy Brookes, and 
foe man who has dope mostto 
build up the company, is 
apparently determined to- re- 
main independent 
The market is convinced 
that one of .foe iixiependent 


Jan Fab Mar Apr May Jun Jut Aua Sep Oct Nov* 

• Profits from Abbeycrest, 
theUSMj * * 

resalts come oat today.. Mar- 
ket men areJoabiog for 

12 months to 

could a§r£3 ■uffion.^T 5 
company's financial year 
has. been altered to a Decem- 
ber end and the 35-moufo 


brewers will eventually launch 
a bid and there is talk of an 
opening offer of 350p a share. 
That would value Kennedy 
Brookes at £60 million. 
Devenish, the West Country 
brewer, is bang mentioned as 
a possible suitor. But 
Devenish could have its work 
cut out Already there' are 
suggestions that Mr Golder 
has sorted out a possible white 
knight m the form of Van 
Group, foe North-east brewer, 
itself the subject of specula- 

tion of a possible bid from 
Pleasurama, foe casino and 
hotel operator. 

There are even 'suggestions 
that Mr Golder may decide to 
launch a defensive bid of his 
own on Noncot Holds, the 
USM-q noted Scottish holds 
group. But talk that 
Whitbread may launch a bid 
for Kennedy Brookes appears 
to be off beam. Whitbread is 
due to unevil interim figures 
tomorrow. These should show 
pretax, profits up from £65.5 
million to £75 million. 
Whitbread has already ruled 
itself but of the running fin- 
Kennedy Brookes. 

Devenish ended the day 9p 
cheaper at 200p, while Vaux 
tumbled 22p to 431p. Norscol 
was also unwanted I3p down 
at I60p. 

The stock market overall 
was eerily quiet with volumes 
at a record low as mazket men 
assesssed the Ivan Boesky 
insider trading scandal, hot on 
the -heels of foe Geoffrey 
Collier The usual flow 
of takeover gossip was notice- 
able by its absence. 

Jobbers used foe mood of 

apprehension as an excuse to 
mark stock lower. By the dose 
the FT 30-share index was off 
its worse, but stfll down 14.7 
points at 1,278.5. The 
broader-based FT-SE 100 in- 
dex dosed 15.7 lower at 

Gilts were unchanged at foe 
short end and about E’is better 
in foe longs, with traders 
complaining foal it was 
impossible to find anyone 
willing to do business. “It has 
been the quietest day since Big 
Bang," said one. 

Tesco, the supermarket 
group, came back 4p to 387p, 
amid expectations that it is the 
favourite to win the Dutch 
auction for foe British off- 
shoot of Safeways. The likely 
purchase juice is es timated to 
be £700 million and the board 
of Safeway’s American parent 
will be having an 

decision to be anno unced by 
foe Cabinet on either Decern 
ber 11 or 19. 

One of foe few shares to 
rain s ignifi cant ground was 
Gestetaer which returned 
from suspension at 140p with 
foe news ofa bid wrath I75pa 
share from foe Australian 
investment company AFP. Its 
shares touched 200p, amid 
speculation of a rival suitor 
waiting in the wings, before 
dosing at 193p, a gain of 53p. 

Mr Tom Hostess, foe former 
GKN chairman, has done an 
admirable job since he took 
over the hot seat at Cronite, 
the metals and steel stock- 
holder group. Bui his efforts at 
getting the group back on a 
growth tack have left him little 


These prices are as at &45pm 


| Mob lorn CoMpany - 







363 283 

A M-tfans 








174 US 









483 273 









491 361 










S72 449 


. 406 







840 680 

Bus - 








450 356 









726 526 









383 293 

BOC - 







28B 170 Boots 








606 423 

Br Asraspaos 







709 530 









280 177^Br TUsoom 








193 9ft 









354 256 


264 268 


• 616 




309 277 

Gabtaft Wlrafcsc 








196 156 

Cadtmy Schwppu. 177 







336 259 

Cbm UHon 




a i- 




704 4» CooaGoMMda 










CnUB • 








436 8» 

am* Bn> 







eso 406 










064 701 









226 T5B 









111a 756*2 GIud 








482 32B 

Grand Mat - 








11*9 721 








954 720 










385 23S 


. 248 



17 & 




356 275 

Guinness .. 















173 17300 

823 403 

Hwfcar SfcMay 




■ . 






fen> Cham |od . 

10*. 10*1 






583 336 








391 312 









348 27ft 

land SimriWiB 








288 133 

Isotf ft Gan 









484 293 Uotnft 








283 183 

Loom . 








.231 163 

Marts & Sparer 









599 *17 








533 426 

Nat Watt 








57ft 428 













248 182 









942 715 









234 148 

Hacal Bact 



. -2 





900 era 

naaax wnan 









562 *j 345 





• 5 4 




791 511 










967 762 

Royal Ins 









428 344 

Safenbuiy (1) 

















415 321 

Sedgwick Op 








970 653 









168 96 









772 520 

Son Affiance 







, 291 

B1U 77*158 P/P 

77i* 78*i 



• , 

. . 

420 2GS 








529 374 

Thom EM 








349 348 

TraMBar Hots* 








209 139 

Tnoihoim Forts 








20S mUttwor 






288 216 

Utd Bfecufta 








at the end of next week to 
decide the winner. Analysts 
say, however, foal Safeway 
could run into problems with 
the Monopolies Commission. 

Second favourite is Argyll 
Group, run by Mr James 
, Gulliver, and a penny easier at 
1 304p, with Saiosbiny. Dee 
Corporation. and Woohrorth 
also mentioned as possibles. 

Woohrorth, -down 3p to 
652pi was itsdf once again foe 
victim ofbid speculation, with 
whispers of a predatory stake 
bong built “The share price 
might be down but if s impos- 
sible to . boy- any 
stock,"coinmented one trader. 

The behind-the-scenes bat- 
tle for the RAF Nimrod early 
warning system contract 
continues with GEC yesterday 
calling round to put its case to 
analysts at Chase Securities. 
The GBC Avionics contingent 
included a couple of repre- 
sentatives from Lodchead, 
Georgia,' the leading American 
defence group. 

The presentation was obvi- 
ously impressive: Mr Patrick 
Hickey, foe leading sector 
specialist at Chase, said: 
“GEC is now in pole position 
to win foe contract and this 
will be interpreted positively 
by the market when the export 
implications sink in." 

GEC slrares , pulled down 
by foe tumbling market, were 
3p lower at 1~ 

Lockhead told Chase that if 
GEC wins foe Ministry of 
Defence contract it will use the 
system in its CI30 transport 
plane which is in service in 
more than 50 countries. The 
tie-up would involve 15 GEC 
systems in foe “near term,” 
worth £1 billion, and up to 50 
systems over the next 15 
years, worth £3 billion — 50 
per cent of which would go to 

A recommendation on 
whether the contract should 
go to GEC or Boeing's rival 
Awac scheme, will be made by 
foe Mod's equipment policy 
committee on December 4 
and GEC expects foe final 


Brazil heads for a roasting 
after unsportsmanlike play 

If Brazil's footballers ha! 
feinted, swerved and confused 
all those around them, as 
sltitthHy as their country’s 
coffee officials, there is no 
doubt they would have carried 
home the World Cup from 
Mexico this summer. 

As it t ranspi red, Argentina 
won the cup, and it is foe 
world's coffee traders who are 
in a state of confusion as to 
exactly how much coffee there • 
is is Brazil how much will be 
available for export and at 
what price. 

Consider - the events of Iasi 
week. Coffee pries fen by 10 
per cent to £2^045 a tonne for 
January futures on the Lon- 

it to dim home 30,000 tonnes 
of coffee bought on the 
London market in September. 

Brazil’s credibility, in the 
light of such conflicting ac- 
tions, is feiriy kw in the cofiee 
community, and while prices 
fluctuated sharply last week, 
several laige houses derided to 
keep a low profile while the 
market sorted itsdf but 

At the centre of the problem 
is foe coffee bought by Brazil 
which is still sitting in Europe. 

has led to increased domestic 
demand fra 1 manufactured 
goods which would otherwise 
be earning export dollars 
abroad. This increases pres- 
sure for more cofiee exports to 
help chip away at the 
country's huge debt burden. 

The picture becomes more 
interesting the wider you look: 
the country's exporters are 
angry with the IBC for 
announcing the discounts, 
while Senhor Paulo Grariano, 

To resell the crop in Europe president of foe IBC, felt ft 
would cause market prices to wrath his while to deny re- 

fall even further and would 
reduce earnings obtainable on 
the home-grown crop. To ship 
it to Brazil would prove an 

don Commodity Exchange. . expensive way of providing 
On Monday, the Brazilian the folks back home with their 

Cofiee Institute (IBC) an- 
nounced that registrations for 
two million 132-pound bags of 
December exports would open 

with discounts of between 15 ' 
mid 20 cents a pound. Tins, 
from a country whose crop has 
bam savaged by drought to 
just 11.2 milhon bags, two- 
thirds below last year, and - 
which announced in Septem- would have to import to 
satisfy surging domestic de- 

Bor two days later foe IBC 
announced December regis- 
trations had been- halved to 
iffioa bags. At foe same 
t pm». the IBC said ; it had 
aranged a line of credit with a 

cup of cofiee* 

The announcement on foe 
line of credit might have been 
a ploy to persuade the market 
foat coffee would not re-enter 
the market If so, it did not 
work- “We wont believe that 
coffee is going to Brazil until 
we see it loaded on board a 
ship and we see the ship 
sailing out of foe port,” one 
trader said. - 

. What makes the Brazilian 
situation so obtuse is foe 
central position of foe comm- 
odity in foe national political 
and economic picture. Brazil- 
ians are drinking more coffee 
this year because of an eco- 
nomic boom pioneered by foe 
government. Alas, this upturn 

ports that be had been 

The outlook for the market 
at the end of all this is unclear 
but must tend towards the 
bearish. Roasters in Europe 
and the United States refused 
to be panicked by the extent of 
the Brazilian crop failure this 
summer. They have discov- 
ered that it is possible to live 
from hand to mouth. 

. Speculators and commodity 
funds have taken their cue and 
moved to short positions, 
keeping an eye on the charts as 
successive support points 
were broken. For the bulls - 
and foe Brazilians - perhaps 
the only ray of hope is that 
buyers may be tempted to 
cover a possible shortage of 
supplies from West Africa in 

Richard Lander 

• Investors is KeOock 
Trust, now under the control 
of London & Edinburgh 
Trust, win fold their hflMhy 
multiplied today as the 
five-for-one share split comes 

changed at 230p yesterday, 
shonld be in lor a boost 
next month when Mr John 
Langdon, a partner at 
Price Waterhouse, joins as 
chief executive. 

time to shore up the defences 
a gains t an unwanted bid. 

A number of stake-building 
exercises have been noted in 
the shares in the past and 
yesterday’s news that Mr Rob- 
ert Alan Cheesewright, the 
stockbroker, had increased his 
holding from 9.2 per cent to 10 
per cent must have come as 
good news to the speculators. 
Despite this the shares slipped 
3p to 71 p compared with their 
peak of 84p achieved last 

But Mr Honess has not been 
slow off the mark and last 
week decided to accelerate foe 
company's recovery pro- 
gramme with the acquisition 
of two privately-owned steel 
stockholders. He has paid 
£1.04 million for Evoline and 
Hollow Bar Engineering The 
deal was financed with the 
placing of 1.9 nuflioo shares 
which was underwritten with 
the institutions at 6Sp. Other 
acquisitions are expected to 

Pretax profits last year at 
Cronite increased from 
£408,000 to £604,000 and the 
the maifcrt is looking for £1.2 
million in the current year. 
The group is also expected to 
return to the dividend list for 
foe first tune in four years. Mr 
Honess must be pleased with 
the progress being made at 
Cronite, but is finely to take 
further moves to strengthen 
the group’s defences. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Bank changes its min d 
about Morgan-Exco 

Every so often the Bank of England 
makes a move that leaves the City 
baffled and sets experienced Thread- 
needle Street watchers pondering on 
the mysteries of central banks. The 
latest action of this sort by the Bank 

no longer intested in each other. Much 
water has passed under the bridge — 
Morgans has less need for cash after 
its share issue, and Exco is restling 
with problems in Wico, it stock- 
uiLosi atuun ui uus son oy inc nans broking side. But many of the 
was its announcement that the notori- fundamental advantages of a merger 
ous O'Brien rules, limiting the owner- still remain, and the two companies 

ship of foreign exchange brokers by 
banks, are to be summarily changed. 

The O'Brien rules achieved feme 
earlier this year when they stood in the 
way of the proposed merger between 
Morgan Grenfell and Exco Inter- 
national, thus preventing the forma- 
tion of what was widely regarded as 
one of the potentially most promising 
British financial conglomerates with 
global pretentions. 

The rules state, among other things, 
that a bank cannot own more than 10 
per cent of a money broker to avoid 
any danger of a conflict of interest 
The Bank has now abolished this , 
replacing it with a rule that banks can 
own more than 10 per cent of foreign 
exchange brokers as long as they do 
not then deal with the broker. This 
still avoids the conflict of interest 
while wiping away the previous 
inflexibility on ownership. 

Not surprisingly, the annoyance 
quotient at both Morgan Grenfell and 
Exco shot up at the news. Under this 
new rule, their merger could have 
gone through. The puzzle is that 
earlier this year the Bank took the 
view that it was up to “the market” — 
as manifested through the British 
Bankers Association — to decide 
whether or not the rule should be 
changed. At the time, the market 
seemed indifferent, so nothing hap- 
pened. The present change, however, 
has taken place without consultation 
with the BBA. The market appears not 
to have been consulted. 

The Bank now argues that the 
change is a necessary part of a review 
of its supervision of wholesale mar- 
kets — foreign exchange, gilts, money 
markets and bullion — which will 
result in a consultative document 
before the end of the year. The Bank 
has to formalize its reguatory proce- 
dures in these markets because the 
Financial Services Act requires it. 

But that does not explain the 
apparently hasty tuning. Why could 
the Bank not simply have waited to 
change the O'Brien rules when it 
publishes its rules for all the markets? 
Not surprisingly, there is now specula- 
tion that some new deal between a 
bank and a broker, which the Bank is 
keen to promote, is in the wind. If so, 
it is even more unfair on Exco and 
Morgan Grenfell. At the time of their 
merger attempt, the Bank said that it. 
would not be pushed into changing 
the rules by one particular event. 

In the meantime, Exco and Morgan 
Grenfell have never said that they are 

may yet achieve what the Bank's limp 
wristed behaviour earlier this year 

Petro pound again 

For the time being the pound seems to 
be in one of .its non-petrocurrency 
phases. Yesterday it perked up slightly 
in the wake of the decision by the 
Opec price committee in Quito to go 
for a price of $1 8 a barrel. But support 
for the dollar was a more important 

The reason is partly that markets 
are sceptical that the oil price can be 
induced to levitate at that level for 
long. The present price of $14-15 a 
barrel seems to be broadly the right 
rate to keep present supply and 
demand in equilibrium, and nobody 
is prepared to bet much that Saudi 
Arabia can keep it higher for long. Any 
increase to about $18 is, therefore, 
seen as likely to be temporary at best. 

Yesterday's rise in sterling owed as 
much to a firmer trend in the dollar as 
it did to events in Quito. The dollar's 
buoyancy seems to be based more on 
fear than conviction. Concern about 
the huge budget and balance-of- 
payments deficits remains strong, and 
the main short-term prop is the pact 
between the US and Japan on the 
dollar-yen rate. This received further 
endorsement over the weekend when 
the Chairman of the Federal Reserve, 
Paul Volcker, repeated that the dollar 
may be near to its appropriate levels. 
The Japanese finance minister, Kiichi 
Miyazawa, went one better indicating 
that the yen was still too strong for the 
Japanese economy. 

The potential frailty of the dollar is 
underscored by last week's events in 
Germany. An upward drift in interest 
rates and a cut in Government 
borrowing and spending stands in 
strong contrast with recent action in 
the US — and indeed in Britain. 
German policy will put pressure on 
fellow members of the European 
Monetary System (EMS) as well as 
further afield. A realignment within 
the EMS looks unlikely before the 
German elections in January, not 
least because the Bundesbank will 
want to avoid any hint of influencing 
the outcome. But later on, Germany 
could face the alternative of lowering 
its interest rates at last or seeing other 
currencies devalue against the mark. 
EMS membership for Britain would 
clearly not be a soft option. 

C. E. Heath 
E.G.M. to approve 
the Fielding 
Insurance Merger 

Proxies must arrive at 
C. E. Heath by 10.00 a.m. 
on Wednesday 
19th November, 1986. 
Telephone Hugh Field at 
Barings (01-283 8833) 
who will arrange for your 
proxy to be collected. 

TtoadB» n l« m i ^ lt> t l h eM« ppiMB U ^jd^giaiig t a^caainmeac?»hePiMggc?C5.IIgg.?aidgt=nac<1 0g«nt > ar-y 


?sa&? »&g ^Ssis ; ft as s VRs sass.> 



StHS? N y sY 115:0 lake 

MINES: The company has 
negotiated the purchase of the 
JB* ceni interest in the 
McFink) joint venture in On- 
held by Phoenix Gold 
Mines Limited (42.9 per cent) 
and the Coniagas Mines Lim- 
ited (/.[ per cent) for CanS3 
(£j.5 million) cash and 
3UU.000 shares of McFinley. 
rhocni.\/Coniagas will also re- 
ceive 1 0 per cent of net proflts to 
a limit of CanS5 million after 
McFinley has recovered all its 

' • /// 
. * i 
* ' ■■ i i 


-■ " *?'■ v 

• ELDERS: All Elders' operat- 
ing companies have made a 
good start to the 1986-87 year. 
Mr John Elliott, the chairman, 
said. Seasonal conditions have 
generally been fevourable and 
wool and livestock prices have 
shown some improvement he 
told the annual meeting. The 
main factor mitigating against 
the company and business in 
general was high Australian 
interest rates, he said. 

HOLDINGS: Final dividend 2p 
for the year to August 31. 
Figures in £000$. Turnover 
43.012 (34.7491 Pretax profil 
702 (504). Tax 298 (2281 Profit 
after tax 404 (276). Earnings per 
share 7.6p (5.5p on old capital). 

GROUP: Results for the year to 
September 30. Figures in 
AusSOOOs. Net international 

and other revenue 2,443,426 or 
£1.09 billion (2.022.558). less 
operating costs 1.666.351 
l 1,369.514). Operating profit be- 
fore tax and debt provisions 
777.075 (653.044). Bad debts, 
provisions, recoveries 196.663 
(66.557). Operating profit before 
tax 580,412 (586,487). Tax ex- 
pense 245.944 (270.952). 
Operating profit after tax 
334,468 (315.535). Minority in- 
terests 19.046 (13.337). Group 

operating profit after tax 
315.422 (302,198). Final divi- 
dend 16 cents, making 31 cents 

asset value per share at Novem- 
ber 17 was 186 yen (£0.8099 or 
USS 1-1558). 

The company has completed the 
acquisition of Network Utilities 

Inc, a private company based in 
Chicago, for US$7 million 
(£4.89 million) cash. 

• VOLEX GROUP: Interim 
dividend 3_3p (3.0p) for the half 
year to September 30. Figures in 
£000s. T urnover 3 1 .65 1 
(29.440). Operating profit 2.445 
(2.442). Interest payable 367 
(394). Pretax profit 2,078 
(2.128). Tax 374 (377). Profit 
after tax attributable to 
shareholders 1,704 (1,751). 

Earnings per share 11. 2p 


When Lyons 

Cons Gold 



Com Union 

Cable & Wire 

Grand Mei 

Series Jam Apr Jot Jan Apr Jul 

300 25 35 43 8 15 22 

330 9 20 25 28 33 37 

360 2 9 — 53 55 — 

600 107 1Z3 — 2 71 — 

CSC 68 83 105 12 27 35 

700 35 48 67 30 SO 60 

550 137 157 — 3 11 — 

600 92 117 130 7 32 32 

650 57 84 97 25 40 52 

48 10 14 16 

29 27 28 33 

37 6 12 15 

27 17 24 27 

17 34 39 *3 

43 <3 25 30 

— 29 38 — 

— 48 53 — 

— 73 — — 

38 2ft 5 7 

26 9 13 18 

— 22 26 — 

Seriee Jan Apr Jui Jmt Apr jut 

BO 5 9 11 4 6 7S 

90 2* 4 SS 12 ft 13 14 

100 )■ 2 — 22 22 — 



Dec Her Jua Dee Mar Jim 

85 74 - 1 3 — 

36 48 60 3 10 17 

17 33 42 16 27 35 

4 17 27 45 S2 60 

31 40 48 1 3 5 

16 26 35 5 12 14 

< 16 22 17 18 23 

19 32 39 4 9 15 

- 21 28 — 20 25 

Thom EMI 


Blue Orde 

De Seers 

100 105 — 
72 80 — 

1 3 — 

2 6 — 

8 17 20 

25 33 40 

5 15 - 

14 30 — 

30 50 57 

60 78 85 
1ft 7 9 

6 13 17 

28 31 35 

3 5 10 

11 14 16 

29 30 31 

4 15 22 

14 28 38 

31 57 83 

3 13 16 

15 21 25 

32 35 39 

100 110 125 
55 70 60 

25 40 55 

55 73 SO 

2S 45 58 

10 — - 

105 125 — 

75 100 IIS 
45 75 90 

22 50 70 

36 46 — 

18 26 46 

3 16 36 

17 29 38 
8 17 26 

3 8 17 

2 4 — 

32 77 107 

12 54 82 

5 33 62 

2 22 — 
42 44 ft — 

23 27ft 32ft 
7ft 14 21 ft 

2 7 lift 

1 3 — 

3 10 17 

16 27 35 

45 52 60 

1 3 5 

5 12 14 

17 18 23 

4 9 15 

— 20 25 

19 — — 

2 6 10 

7 13 25 

28 4Q 55 

8 17 Z7 

30 42 47 

73 — — 

6 33 - 

17 45 60 

40 70 80 
80 100 115 

1ft 5 — 
13 16 18 

32 36 38 

Bft 13 18 

19 23 29 

37 39 41 

53 53 — 

24 45 55 

58 72 62 

105 115 12) 
1SS 160 — 

ft 1 — 

1ft 4 5ft 
5ft 3ft 13 
21 22ft 24 

Seriee Dec War Am Pec Mar Jim 

500 30 SO 70 15 27 35 

5S0 6 23 42 50 50 58 

600 3 12 — 95 33 — 

420 70 82 97 2 5 9 

460 40 55 87 12 20 23 

500 15 27 45 32 40 45 

550 4 15 — 72 77 — 

330 58 — — ft — — 

390 28 48 — 3 8 — 

390 10 27 38 15 21 28 

4 2D 3 12 23 40 45 47 

Seriee Dec Her Jsa Dec He Jun 

Bnl Aero 

BAT bids 

(•471) 7 

Brn Telecam 

Cadbury Schwpps 



Imperial Gr 



63 83 

23 52 

1ft 32 

19 31 

1ft 18 
1 10 

21 30 

4ft 20 

S2 X 9 IS 
62 1 17 23 

43 20 35 40 

— 1 — 
88 ft 1ft 4 
70 ft 7 12 

40 5 23 30 

55 2 13 22 

36 32 37 42 

15 82 87 90 

31 ft 5 8 

20 5ft 16 19 

12 25 Z7 29 

35 ft 6ft 9 
22 3 12ft 15 

17 22 26 30 

52 1 6 9 

33 4 20 25 

20 30 35 40 

83 1 5 7 

42 3 15 20 

23 22 27 33 

41 ft 4 7 

35 ft 7 10 

25 5 15 19 

TrllKft 1991 

Tr 1114% 03/07 

41 48 

23 — 

5ft — 
— 17 

Wee Feb 

1'is 2 ft 
>» 1 

1 2ft 


Jn Feb 

Aw Mar Mar Jun 

53 1 _2 j» 

23 — 16 34 

Hey Hov Feb Hey 

«.» »» 1*» IX 
1 *m 2K •<• 
1'- M w 4=»i» 

3ft "N 2ft 3ft 
3 *’i* 3hft 4ft 
2ft •*» 4X 5*>4 
1ft “ie 6 >m 6ft 
IK 8 8 'm 8 *m 
^ 9X^2^ 
Nov Dec Jw Fab 

The Li ole woods Organi- 
sation: Miss Joan Christmas 
joins the braid of tbe chain 
store division as marketing 

Benchmark Trust Mr Gra- 
ham Smith is made deputy 
managing director. 

G Percy Trentham: Mr A E 
Reeves becomes a director. 

Grand Metropolitan: Mr C 
Strowger is appointed group 
finance director. 

Bull Thompson & Asso- 
ciates: Mr Colin Littlewood 
becomes a director. 

Lawrence Graham: Mr Plan! 
W alker and Mr John Vemll 
join the partnerahip. 

Hodgson Landau Brands: 
Mr Peter Frost is made 
manag in g director. 

Rockfort Land: Mr James 
McLeod wOl become an asso- 
ciate director on December 1. 

Marconi: Mr Keith 
Chittenden is appointed 
marketing director and Mr 
David Chenery becomes man- 
aging director of Marconi 
Radar Systems. 

Simon Engineering Dudley: 
Mr Michael Harrison is made 


Joan Christinas 
managing director. 

Fitter & Pouilon: Mr H 
CampbeD Kerr becomes man- 
aging director. 

fnbucon Management Con- 
sultants: Mr R Potter is made 
director of public sector ser- 

Pfisten Herr Klaus Beisse 
takes over as managing 

Dudson Brothers: Mr 
Philip Lees becomes sales 
director, succeeding Mr Ralph 
Waley who has become direc- 
tor of special projects. 

Control Securities: Mr Ron- 
nie Wilson joins the board as 
an executive director. 

Fkaf Oeafegs 

Oct 20 
Nov 3 
Nov 17 

Latt detention ForStOtaoma 
Jan 22 Feb 2 

Feb 5 Feb 16 

Feb IB Mar 2 

Prop_ Aixfiofronic Hckflnga, Bto-lsotates. Wiggms Group, Memory Computer, 
Group, London Secs* Aberdeen Steak Houses Soup. Tilbury <&W8>- 

Put* Cafe Sound DMuNon. Lflay. 



bay’s range 

November 17, 1988. Total contacts 32748 . Cats 24067. Pub 9662. 

FT- SE Index. Cate; 1435. PM* 1686 

"Underlying security price. 


Detailed brochure on application 


Green Shield Trading Stamp Co. Ltd 


21 Knightsbridge, London S.W.1 





N York 1.4265-1.4300 
Montreal 1.9755-13815 
Brussels 59 j6669£2 

1 month 3 months 

057-n54prem 1.79-1 ,74pram 

0.44-034prani 1.33-1.18pnnn 

ift-lftprero 4ft-4ftpram 


Cphgen 1 08400-1 0.8665 10.8442-10.8590 1-ftwem 

Dubfii 1.0522-14)565 1.0537-1.0547 

Dub* 1.0522-1.05© 1.0537-1.0547 

FranWvst 2^705-28795 23739-28780 

Lisbon 211.55-21 2. 7B 211.77-21284 

Madrid 19320-193.77 19329-19386 

Mfcn 198830-199586 1987.78-199346 2prem-1dte 

Oslo 10.7030-10.7246 10.7100-10.7246 3ft-3ftdfc 

Paris 94000-9.4271 9.4105-9 4271 2)4-1 ftprem 

StVMm 98915-98201 9806088201 Ift-lftoram 

StVMm 98915-98201 
Tokyo 23285-2328S 
Viema 20802027 




Vienna 2030-2027 20842027 9ft-B%prem 

Zuncb 2384023938 23890023936 Ift-lftpram 
9toritoelndaic ra npe i e il «ri l b 1875 ares 885 (dayftrane 

5ft-4 ftprem 


i aopplad by Bardaya Bank HOFEX and EilaL 

Three Morsh Surfing 

Dec 88 _ 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

Sep 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88 

ftevtous day's total op 
Three Month Emodorfa 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

Sep 87 

US Treasure Bond 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 — 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jin 87 

_ 88.77 

_ 89.06 

- 8932 

.. 8929 


Incorest 14862 

... 95-42 


Low Cfcea EstVol 
88.74 8830 1095 

8839 89.04 383 

89.28 8933 lit 

8929 6933 48 

39.00 0 

anm o 

Previous day s total open interest 26096 
9338 9356 - 93.98 1545 

94.02 94.00 - 94 D2 1310 

S3S2 93.91 9392 303 

93.70 93.67 83.69 201 

Previous day's tola) open interest 4474 
9029 97-21 98-06 3301 

97-07 97-02 97-15 69 

96-18 0 

Previous Cay's tola! open fruwast n/a 
9544 9542 9544 34 

— 9546 0 

Sep 87 


Rmfoua day's total open intarast 18706 
_ 108-12 106-15 10624 10828 9282 

- 106-15 106-16 108-15 106-13 150 

N/T — — 108-13 o 

• __ Previous day's tnai operTirWaresi 2805 

_ 16230 16336 161J6 192.80 539 

-._J654S 165.45 16430 16&4Q 51 

Base Rato* % 
darning Banks 11 
Finance House 11 
Discotmt Market Loam « 
OsamWitHtatell LowlO 
Week raced: 10ft 

Treasury BMs (Discount 

10ft 10ft 

3mnth 10 "m 3mmh 10% 

Ntaa amk BHa (Discount %) 

1 nwh 10 U »-10X 2rmth lOft-IO^ 
3mnm 10»»-1llfa6mnlh IDft-IOft 
Trade BBi (Oecoim %) 

1 ninth IT'w 2mnth lift 

3mnth 11 "» 6mnth lift 


7 days 5 ,J w6 
3 mirth 6 a iB-5 ,k it 

7 days 4*it4’w 
Smntti 4ft4ft 
French Franc 
7 days 7ft-7% 

3 ninth 8K2ft 
7 days 1-ft 
3mnth 3n,»3»* 

7 days 4 °i»4 3 ib 
3rreith 4K4% 

l 6-5ft 
i fi , ia-5»ii 

I 4%4» 

I 4ft4ft 
i 8ft2 
i 8^-Bft 


i 3 , *u/ 1 J i* 
I 4>ifr4'x 
I 4ft4ft 

OvemigM: open 10ft dose 11 
1 week l0' 3 i»-10 u iB6mnth 11 B i#-11 k ™ 

1 ninth I1-10ft 9mnth 11K-11>u 

3mnth HU-II** 12m to 11U-1V* 

Local Authority Daposits (ft) 

2 days 10ft 7 days 10ft 

ImrdhIOft 3mrth lift 

Bmnfii lift 12mih lift 

local Authority B anda (ft) 

1 mnth lift-lift 2mnm llVIlft 
3«TBdh Ilft-IOft 6 mnth Ilft-lOft 
9 mnth Ilft-IOft I2mth 11-IOft 

Staffing CDs RU 

1 mntfi lOft-IOUia 3 mnth 11 3 n-11 , i« 
6 mnth niw-ii<i B I2tmh ii'm-io ,& ib 

rnnn ^^§95 3 mnth 535-530 

6 ninth 535-530 12mth 8.05630 

Kregerrancr (per conn t 
$ 3®3029230 (E27i2S2743S) 
Sovereigns" (new): 

S923Q-93.00 (£364356530 ) 

$489.50 (£343.05) 

•Excludes VAT 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average ratorenca rate lor 
■tod October 8,1986 to 
1966 induriva: 11337 par 



*q*wrt (1»p) 158 

234,2 ^ 

Baker Harris Sndr (I70p) 198 +2 

Blenheim ExWb (95p)_ 138 +2 

Biiston&Battersaa (103p ) 145 -3 

Greet Southern (135^ 161- 

Guthrle Cora (I50p) 1 ) 

Harrison (1S)p) II 

Imsmnk Express (185p) T 

Lon Assc Inv Tst (14 p) 5 

Uoyds Chemist (105p) 132 i 

Martoorough Teoi (iiop) 143 n 

Mecca L^jvb (135p) 146'a -1 

MUer 8 Samhouse (I05p) i( 

Newage Trane (75p) 3 

Quarto Cllte) II 

Rotwida (95p) 100 -i 

Sandal Perkins (I35p) 
Soot Mtge 10Q% #2S 
TSB Grwrp (lOOp) 
Thames TV (I90p) 

Trees 10% &91 *96.50 


Yehrerton (38p) 
Yorkshire TV (12Sp) 

Blue Arrow F/P 
Br. Benzol N/P 
Cook Cwm N/P 
Bswick N/P 
FR{ Group F/P 
Norfcdk Cap F/P 
Petrocan N/P 
Retfiand N. 

Stebe F/P 
Waddhigton N/P 
(issue price in brackets). 

327 -3 
£40 +‘i« 

2 + 'j 

1 >4 -«4 




385 +10 

Spend Christmas 
in the Castle 

where the President stayed! 

Call Castlebar (092) 46003. Telex: 53749 or contact any 
Aer Lingus office or travel agent 

&sljforb Castle 


;■ ff ”*** 0 «n» chsc* your 

sipii stare pncc movement*. Add Awn 
SB t o, ttve y on your overall totaL CJicck 
defend figure 

E?!“~ tf] 1 yw» 

* 0 ® Ctttagw or a share. of ihc total 
daily Pjro money staled, if yon an: a 
TOagfoflow the daim procedure on tbe 
back ofypnr cad. Yon matt always hare 
your raim avaflobte when daiming. 

Ban Bowl MM 


Shares in retreat 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on November 10. Dealings end on Friday. §Comango day next Monday. Settlement day December 1. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Wrareftoeft tore oi*yoi»prtca quoted, there <CTmMcre ptlcg»t 3 icBntttJyMSpniYtei&c*i 8 nqB and p/e ^ 

— ( Qcld— 



Claims required for 
+34 points 

IT*. WV' -4 

& »•-’ 
® ® ©4 
B 2 as #-t 
MI 144 -I 

141 144 -3 

^ “ 2kS 

ft ft 125 

isj sS ■S3 

21 U U 

1 1.1. 

’ff s ¥ 
arn w -a 

H H •:? 
B SL tf 

M 2 -I 

m »+i 

a •-) 

220 B-1 
178 -2 

85*. +•» 

172 B+12 

Weddy Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for tbe weekly dividend of QjQQO in 
Saturday's ne w spaper. 



9* 11.Z74 
14 UB2 

[ik T i 


425 45 102 24 «U 

w #-a iu u u 
SB B+a- U M u 

w r ♦* ra 5 83 • &a 

W7 .. X0 14 217 

■ .. 44 OS HO 

m .. u u iu 

- -« 3W- 47 ftffl 

as • HI U M 

3 “ " 2S 

a.;: u tt S5- 

M*i -U U 

152 .. 47 3.1 .. 

IB +1 40 U .. 

t» -2 V 24 221 

sn 4 tu u m 

- 4t .U U IU 

174 B4« u u os 

m +2 u u iu 

731 22b 25 2KJ 

m B ... 5.0 m -im 
185 #44 U U HI 
» • .. 25 27 2t 

1» ... SB 41 IU 

7B • 24 72 210 

W B-1 U LI 02 
m. .. 23 12 402 

M | .. 04 25 90 

1® -2 54 3JS 141 

48D +17 i .. 

-MO-7 HD 53 124 
* • .. 25 ‘37 IM 

no .. 10.1 5.1 124 

S B+1 ®li as IK 
+2 2D 27 ZL5 
- B-8 7.1 21 141 

45 4 Ml U 9 > 
3/5 m-n ® a as 
m B-B*> 107 2B 105 
00 • .. 57 27 M 

SB -111 55(143 52 

3BS +1 M2 M 129 
m -3 74 25 242 

m -i 523 as aai' 
122 -ft 54 44 zU 

m 75 m as 
on .. a? ai .. 
415 -a 121 45 ns 

2*5 -t 41 17 123 

m -I** u ii mi 

3B B .. 14 m .. 

153 .. U SB 

533 B-23 ST SB 11 
BS1 157 2D 121 

205 42 U U 82 

222 +4 20 41 HD 

SO 23 

MS., im £3 25 

N #~ 5 *i 31 U HI 
384 r-S 174 44 127 
277 #.. SB m m 

. #-a 04 54 na 

IS*.. 25 27 IU 

S3 B .. 28 U U 

44* B-7 no 21 no 
282 -T ta 44 120 
M2 . ,. *4* 47 -07 

222 . .. 22 25 .122 

w — • 1 U U IU 
2D2 .. HU) ID 7U 

340 .. HD 45 114 

212 -1 W U IU 

as -15 V 3 * 

MB • U 15 1X9 
M 15 17 BO 

150 -4 07 05 175 

245 -1 U 3 ffl 
Ml •- 3 *i 11 U 24 

V II » 

508 55 05 

" W. 

80 22 MO 
21 12 SI 

« ? s 


u y si 
rate 4* 122 
U II fil 

U 17 2 M 
11 U .. 
U U 21 
15 SI 24 
U tt 21 
*23 23 112 
41 25 114 

94 24 1*7 
ID 15 *59 
U U 82 
Mb 29 1/5 
85 24 155 
1.1 10 185 

u u w 

24 24 MS 
ID 2D 205 
21 24 113 

ft 40 M 2 
17 20 21 

10 BO .. 
21 SI U 
17 . 1 b 23 S 7 D 
175 22 111 

1.4 QJ 212 . 

154 40 141 
14 07 3*5 

S 2 D 125 

■ to ns. 

ft ft 315 
2.1 1.1 U 4 

20 B 10 114 
220 41 107 
43 45 55 

14 45 M 3 

14 35 115 

15 21 “ 

& tt S 

75 u an 
.. .. 7 U 

45 27 535 

BL 7 75 B 5 
HO 27 .. 

75 XB 175 


7^ tt " 

115 20 M 3 
25 25 444 
50 SO M 2 
HI U 124 
10 57 150 
U 41 122 

m ii no 
an 24 .. 
a? ur .. 

20 11 285 

HO 27 123 

ft' ft “ 

M 40 IS 
% U ^ 

at s ^ 

S 15 121 
41 114 
74 77 117 
7.1 23 HO 

75 74 115 
21 17 715 
B 4 25 MO 
84 B 7 122 


Uftl QTflD 




re -a 



<84 -V 

S 3 D 





a -i 




S :: 

10 V -4 






» -t 

7 D 



378 -0 



DB +2 




1 ® 




W - A 
Ht +2 

8 L 1 



158 -2 

5 BZ 


5 D 



IS * 



12 * 

IM -4 



1 ft 

m -2 




517 4 




Ml B -1 

4 b 



MB -4 




i 384 -1 



85 -2 



WB 4 .. 

7 * 




* -V 






M lb 

9 L 8 



8 * 

7 * 


558 -V 







580 -2 




*9 ■* 




S -2 

17 J 


re .. 






W B -3 






Gras VM 



M U 



no i'u 



2 X 9 4 * 

1748 ift 
027 85 * 

21 42 






7 SC 





28 b 5 J 


25 * 



22 B 15 
i !4 54 
U 54 




5 «- 




7.1 a 1 X 1 

75 40 




























































43*. 3**j0bil 


104 81 QMS | 

« » UNlM 
MB tUhBmMn M 
143 112 Da»M 
M2 ns Emd 
-2M 134 Earn 
428 312 EMI 
55 22 Ftiam 

80S 3» B .. 
172 177 
2E7 272 -3 

S'* 41 
ns ts b .. 

CT» - -*t 

n 78-2 

sip. ■ **i 

313 315 -8 
23 - 

MB 200 B-1 
IS IS S +1 
3BB 3/| 

3/S 38*. 

2Q 285 IMQBltt 
177 m AJBnMa 
157 125 Mina 

230 US MhTM 
22 IB aA 

ffl 229 CnkMr 
43 73 CUB i H 
34 - 17 tm? 0 6 m 
« 02 hay 4 Stai 
OT .133 UUn 
U» 82 UltaMlHi 
HB 78 Dan 
148 114 HftU 
to MS TuapUM OMi 

2H 223 B-1 
MB 141 +1 

125 1» 

sa sn m .. 

220 231 -T 
32 SS 

gy-3i b .. 
m m - 2 - 
m a* .. 

* « • .. 

re tor .. 

re mb 

sas 220 42 

no U 782 
57 25 382 

. ft 40 307 
U 42 21 
85 43 282 
20 27 282 
800 75 .. 



• 13 .. 

io in m 

.IS s? s 
£ fi « 

W3 U H7 
BOB 40 HO 

u a 173 

5.1 43 UU 

87 U U 
75 10 IU 
75 41 MB 
to 49 U 
HO 54 182 
.. .. Ill 

m -SJ ias 

05 SS M 
S tt A 

ft ft M4 
48* 40 117 
00 12 180 
54 40 HI 

ut .. .. 

a is iu 
37 30 nil 
V 20 170 

114 40 182 
43 21 . HJ 

[•i T ia;l3 ai3=j 

UBT Min 

v5» w 



321 825 -2 tU 43 IU 

3 f - 1 . ft ft ft 

2Z3 2Z7 B-1 0.1 54 17 

4/D 473 +2 HB IS HD 

.m ms ®+i MB 44 no 
2B7 2TO 1 -2 MS 53 113 

£*£•3 ? " " 

222 225 B-1 84 29 .. 

MB HD «+1 U U U 

ms nr -3 .. .. 





















2 10 

























































































































42 a FMte Me W 33 35 B-1 

I® MB Feme (01) MO M3 

75 « 80 55 

m m Fins 5® 543 B-11 

BO ® Ffctftff 77 H -1 

134 B 4 FteBa CURT BB BO -2 

BB IB Fatal S 3 85 . -3 

123 81 /my 07SHJB.. 

411, E7 , rfXiGMplVV 32h 33*, B . . 
no 157 MtagBOMraw rn in +2 
B7 « Frab(TlSB4 32 57 

131 B< GB « B7 BB 

3B5 235 G»l M MB4 

Sli 2BB GR 295 305 B-5 

«s ss Sara E® m w/ •-! 

m e$ fessto us m .. 

ibu in ow ta 131 • 

iiuwbutes an 902 mi 

344 IM BynMtf 382 304 B+1 

SB5 250 GnbBtar 345 2B5 

182 H7 BHfBBMdp M2 f« -1 

312 SSS8 2M 288 -1 

■m i 53 Edote m m 

S3 SS’.HM FOKfliOQ BB BO +1 

2C 134 It* Bra S®9 * +« 

s § a? as-?. 

250 236 fSftH 255 270 -3 

5 T, 23 hR«pnaW S a 

S » KSBSSS 52 - 

zmvmt ram 20 .. - 5 *j 

2 M MS Hb»C 0 » W 7 MB -7 

BOB*, 88 DB 5 U M 119 120 *. -14 

13441154 . M m ISO 1304 -14 

280 133 UhraaiB ®8 272 +1 

275 ITS 245 255 .. 

623 483 Hpara MMtf 414 4 M B -1 

a it iiiu* a a th 

221 mo a®wncmUB w m -24 

201 88 Itara 156 m +2 

m ffi ira«M _ «s 205 +« 

22 D 122 4 m 5 M 20 223 +3 

91 17 hSTSm 79 81 

328 110 Hr*—” 384 328 B .. 

120 7 B ftafcB E 2 83 +4 

325 9 ttnMG 4 boc 3 U KB B .. 

T 2 B BB MngQira 108 It* B -2 

400 TUT lUBlhmlWlBira 3844 3184 -1 
HI IM M -HD 181 -14 

ns 175 ram wo iso -a 

295 240 jurat Stan* 240 J 5 Q • 

IBS 964 JMM HUH 17 B 41 B 24 +2 
BC 473 om cram 500 518 -5 

243 133 Jdhaos IfaUay 210 213 -3 

444 224 JoMna & FB 34 35 

30 235 JgMBB M MB-t 

MO 3 Z 4 JMM L BLlMI Itt IM .. 

132 07 JMftr (Mnara) IB 118 

29 21 KiHmmo 23 254 B +*4 

38 H MB 31 324 B-t 

325 IBB MVU 2 B 0 2/0 -5 

135 IDS KnuOySn* 130 US .. 


142 144 +1 ID 07 SU 

*47 450 -8 T3L5 ID Si 

I 2 B 7 ao •-« 2 * U 1*9 

368 372 -3 HI 45 17 * 

430 «5 S+a M 3 81 IU 

914 824 -4 21 23 152 

95 SB -1 U 22 17 * 

01 B 2 -4 2 » 37 *2 

313 385 +1 M U HI 


a a -i4 i* 27 ii 
IBS W -3 M 41 1 

141 142 +4 

3® 320 B .. 

3 B &t *-i‘ 
SB 388 -3 

5B0 « B^8 
IK UD B-4 




Mb as. 

s rr*l 

srsmi ffi 1 

UOBU* tin 4 

ml a 

bi ■ s 

I - « 

rr ^ 

Uwh jh 

4M -2 
472 -3 
40 *+» 


m 3 

ran* m 

* m - 2S 

■ on re 

ire ■ . *8 

rafW M 

m m -i 

as a 

B f \ 

474 0 •■*«! 

m 3* 

“5 “ & 

-fifl u .. 

a» ft . :: 


217 U U 

«■« S 

t iSS 

*1 02 

- 3 . 

ft &Z MJ 
U 01 ^ 

S a H7 

- ft IS . WA 

5*2 • 7* ... 




ti w « 

ft ft 
s 3 “ 

.. -a 
a -i 
202 -£ 
418 *-3 
87 -2 

.MB -J 

ai -a 

m • ... 

21* B-1 
294 -4 


171 • 

3D. . .. 

44 +4 

187 -24 

293 B +1 


a •* 

50 -IS 
227 *~3 


187 B -3 
■M +1 
MK *-24 
2H -I 

3 ^ 

a. * 



U 21 HI 
.. .. H7 

3D S3 ZU 
21 U II 
U 44 122 

u a iu 

ft ft MJ 
W 28 S22 
MJ U 295 
U 21 IU 
12 22 12* 
» 39-277 

17* 19 I3J 
hu v as 
07 . 47 IU 
MD 2* OD 

u-u ns 

*T 13 IU 
B.B 15 HL1 
U U 112 
Of 22 IU 
U 1*. IM 


SS S.1 7SS 

SJt U 2U 

ft 47 U 
M* 25 17* 
M 22 392 
19 4s n* 

W ® 4f2 

m® a? m 

300 2* 145 

75 15 17* 

23 70 94 

11 74 129 

11 2* 310 
73 19 279 

83 22 127 

a I 17 225. 
7 4.1 179 

55 ID a* 
n u ffi 

04 M 285 
7.1 XT ms 
m x? as 

•U 13 22,1 

*5 -w 
33 11 315 
u a iu 

.. .. -2U 

U <1 «] 

If . 22 Ht 

H Id m? 


.. .. M4 

U 42 HI 
... . .. 2ZD 
ft - 25 3X1 





1 * 3 D 04 
70 17 164 


Ml MB 

% ir 

485 4 B 8 -J 

B a .a 

a 7« -i 

so ns 
ai 2M 

203 2U B-4 
M44 M74 6-1 
as a s 

SB * 

157 W 2 -13 

B 24 - -2 

04 74 -4 

79 a 

re 133 +5 

ta a#.. 

370 330 +t$ 
W 2» -4 
» a '-ft 
2i> 3S -a 

.. .. 20 
80 29 214 

Itt* ft 1ft 

200 4J HI 

.. .. OD 

44 ft U 
84 a 115 
m no 

ft* Vi 223 
HD U - 7 * 
V U 02 


re 58 toOBIU 



a 23 -a 
a m -i 

07 re -t 
BB3 - -5 

a Vi ->) 

417 m *42 
73 79 S 
itt m -h 


*3 * 3, 

48 so -;■* 

IB » .. 
3* 38 .. 

400 70 7* 
iu W MS 
ft 5J 44 

ms m m 
U U 92 
3 J 13 90 
.. .. JSfi 

XI 42 19 
« U U 

SS& t 

is or wanm* 

tSS 07 #-*"* «4 U IU 
W 1« 

15 IS -& & ft ft 

• Ex (Jhrkjend ■ Ex aB b FotBcast dMoand* hwim 
Bgyw^a passed f ftlce at suspen&on g OMdanfl and 
eocWte ■ opoeM paymant k Pre-mogw figures n 
Poracafit satnioas o Bx twwr r Ex «98S * Ex scrip or. 
sn&a spec t Tactras -- No sgancazx data. 



«*■**☆* SL 


W CW*r Dng YW 

fid Off* Chog vw 

M Ota Chng VW 

OTler Cnog 

Bu oner Cwg vu 

B« Oner Cmg no 

Bd Drier Omg YM 

8 - 17 . ftm ww n M. 

n&S 1817 . . 261 

SmrtH Cora ACC 233 .; 243 . 6 * MM ■ - 

m bean ttJ 7 U -03 47 B 

78 JJ bim -m«ji 

uSrtrtStota JV w Jim 

do mc i«lb ' 2*5 -gJ 

Morti American 03 03 - 0.1 M* 

QM 809 BISS -is 1 M 

HWwr W MCUB 3 * 8.7 anus -19 174 
Do m- » 7 A 2605 * - 1.4 4 . 7 * 

DO HCOB» 719 DOS 103 

Nffi taar Tar Aeon 1346 1459 * *06 044 
Far ism Tat Accra 1803 iTtts* -22 041 
Bra Tn Accum 153 J 150 , 1 * -09 1.18 

On* TW 3379 2 S 2 . 1 * - 2.1 243 

91-823 8333 

805 S 42 * - 0.1 054 

NWTlW 1109 1102 +07 0 J 8 

RKHI 22 SJ 240 . 1 * -fit 2.12 

OB-Dwt 889 889 * t&l 994 

OWnemte 819 812 -04 134 

OUncmi us e*< 713 718 +10 532 

TampMBrSreWa 1602 T »1 .. $44 

Bra an TS 402 489 -02 090 

TH* Sw* B rt o nfl* Lonflcn EC 3 P 2 JT 
01-588 2068 

m « U M d» me 
Canard nc 14 
Do Acaim { 

Incan fired] 
Do Atom { 
m me (fi 
Do tomj 
0 — i H nc« 
Do taum { 

SOS 54.1 
ZMJ 2317 
358.7 S 71 B 

HU 1004 * 
HB 13 1 S 5 j* 

1337 1889 

l. lanoo# Rumey ML Lendae B 
01-828 4880 

l» Santa Co'S 734 711* 
Cm** Fund t 0 B ,0 11 U 

UKbWOBN AM 7S9 809 

Far Eon M 719 78.1 

Overeats Hem 75 J 606 

Ftaad Im 904 BOO 

tent Has Frt 489 311 

Itm paa n Incoma B49 Oil 

Onanclra Fun* 479 SOI 

*■ a " H °" 02 

041-332 3132 

r 23 . mat Htcon, London wciv OPT 
01-2*2 IMS 
C3 Japan Fund 717 849 -19 B2S 

Baureead an He *49 479 

Dp tan 411 410 

kcama oei he 41.1 487 

Do tan 411 418 

Santa Crrt he Si -0 E 19 * 

DO Am 925 SU* 


M%. HAS 4 JN 8 

2809 304* *09 295 

3309 3011 *04 378 

wn « 2149 J < 027 

1415 TM2 -0-1 058 

519 549 -09 054 

559 59.1 -11 127 

HUi 811 -45 180 

FO Bn 5 S 1 Bern wn London ECS 7JQ 
01-401 0011 

Capital 3819 3849 - 1.1 194 

hen* 2009 2 H 2 -19 588 

Naft taata w 8959 3179 -f -19 091 


wsar***" 7 " 

®» That 589 859 * *111249 

Swat Uredan ECW SOP 

S 5 C Spacer SO* 579 809 .. 093 

473.7 * 3*. 7 
4189 431.7 


Bra Oh he 
Do tan 
wanagad Pcrtoc 
Snata Ora he 
Do Accor. 

1379 1454 * 412 121 
1219 1879 * -19 148 
1 S 84 1859 * -19 148 
ftfl an -09 to 

1112 1214 *11 2.10 

1279 1149 *11 119 


m Hop* Stra 
041 22182 S 

1224 1309 *Q 4 104 

284.1 2219 -09 140 

2 M 7 829 . 1 * *04 053 


N American he 
Do Acorn 

35 . Fowratn St Machaarar 

Eotaea Macon 712 809 * -04 844 

HMi bloom* That 749 717 * -08 590 

GB ■ Ftaad H 415 S 19 *13 120 

T 9 Of Mr Tim 889 729 *05 198 

Sped*! BS TIM 749 717 * 0.1 298 

403 191 I NnAmarTUI 88.1 829 -15 198 

I£| 1 j Far Em TIM 889 949 -19 0*8 

1 - B1 1 MOM 829 889 -09 197 

SL Charge Hse i 

I 8 t COvaHy CY 1 

UK amdh taui 1487 168.1* -19 898 
Da hem 1275 1356 * -12 IBS 

1049 1109 
W 14 171-7 

Ota Ctn; 



983 * 


771 * 







-20 < 






185 * 

. . 





4 &S 


886 * 



- 1.4 


. . 

177 JC 

. . 

33-30 Bmcactucfi SI London B3V OAX 
01 -SS 8778/8711 

UK «*»*■■ be 2*5 28.1 - . 497 

Ocfe £ ? S* .. 497 

ftSTMIne 279 as .. 0 » 

On ta 279 289 . - 030 

fflaafGBiha M 2 MJ -- 03 S 

Os ABC 282 30 . 0 * .. OJS 

1 M 7 1247 
284 349 

28. 81 A n d ba d 8* EdMurgb 
081-658 8101 

hBh oomaU ta OT 5 m 2 * 

Do Aceem 284 8 * 29 * 

to. a Ankara So. BdMugb 
03 i as 22 n 

UK Eqd« 1789 1904 * 

AnsSSi iftoir 1814 * 

p**d iasa m2* 

Einm 2 57.1 275 9 * 


-19 194 
*04 12 a 
-29 006 
-17 053 

KB. Una St QtaBO* 02 GW 
041 - 2*8 6100 

r 1874 1711 

ad 1065 1137 

CtflEq 1500 1509 

2134 227.1* 
m ins tzaa 

1805 1829 

-14 243 
-1.1 190 
*04 198 
-87 842 

28. ChadotM Bq. Edttwgh 
031-225 4372 

Pad 869 700 

MddOme 334 408 * 

M Amarkon 339 311 

Incoma Fond 4&6 484 * 

Droprae 489 417 

N Mate 279 z& 9 * 

UK Ml 309 379 * 

Extra he 825 347 

jii n m 
-02 073 
*11 093 

.. 051 
.. 195 
-09 29 * 
-09 550 

TO 0ax9Q2. Btohrab B«5 SBU 
0S1-8S5 8000 

2314 2*69 
Z 7 D 9 8877 

30 . coy Hd. London EC 1 Y 1 

tad Taco 6 Odl 10*9 

Padao 1989 

Sac bn FraJ 170.1 

SpacM Stuataa 2132 

hSm* 429 

Ammtcd) U 4 n 725 

ErnM CoY 419 

Japan T*d> 6 Ban 1035 
biwmataal hcoraa 589 
EmM 5712 ■ 

UK Gaoarri 345 

BraOroMYi 416 

Bra tnctxna 457 

1 EMWtfl BB 2 XZ 

hcoraa UnBa 249 285 ..271 

Do Accum Ums 289 215 ..271 



.. 268 

Do Accua 



.. £66 

Dq gi 

1515 1816* 

.. £06 

A li ill tan Fnifl 



-36 064 

Do taon 



-36 064 

Braun Fund 

3226 8276 

035 468 

Do team 



-02 438 


-36 0.75 

Da Accan 

3426 SB45H 

-4.1 OJ5 

Japan Find 



-05 021 



-05 021 





□403 5 6283 
EobyTruM Acc 



-36 268 

N ta Thai Ace 



*05 159 

Far Eaa Trim Acc 



-16 062 



-OS 863 




*81 162 


234. COdcmur SbaaL London 8W71Y 88H 

Datag rxrOI-830 2802 

UK bxxaaa 

8 47 


-02 428 

Do Onswti 


2 52 

-02 352 

KMBS HbUML Anctew, HM. 8PT0 IPS 

( 0296)284000 
Add B 0 a 749 711 *09 CUB 

A ultra** 1 1 207 219 -09 110 

CorrraoCSy 813 855 * - 1.1 1.05 

Energy 299 319 .. 191 

&M»y 120a ias 9 -aa 394 

Bra peaw Spec SB* 114.1 1212 -19 097 

Extra hem 1179 12*9 -09 573 

• Ex dnodond. c Cum dhndend. k Cun 
stock sptt. s Ex stock s**t ra Cum an 
(any tvn or motvof atxwo). f Ex as (any 
two or more of above)- Deafens or 
mhotion days: ( 1 ) Monday. ( 2 J Tuesday. 
( 3 ) WetMBsoay. ( 4 ) Thursday. (Q Friday. 
( 20 ) 25 m of month. ( 21 ) 2 nd Thursday of 
momh. (22) 1 st and 3 rd Wednesday of 
month. ( 23 ) 20 th of month. ( 24 ) 3 rd 
Tuesday of month- ( 25 ) 1 st and 3 rd 
Thtrsday of month. ( 26 ) 4 th Tuesday of 
month. ( 27 ) 1 st Wodnosdayof month. ( 28 ) 
Last Thumday of month. ( 29 ) 3 rd workmg 
diy of month. ( 30 ) 16 th of month. ( 31 ) 1 st 
iwmbig day of month. ( 32 ) 20 tn of month. 
( 33 ) Is day ot February. May, August. 
N o vemb e r. ( 34 ) Last working day of 
month. ( 35115 th of month. ( 36 ) 1 *th of 
month. (3r) 21 st of month. t 38 ) 3 rd 
W*dnesday of morth. ( 39 ) aid 
Wednesday of month. ( 40 ) Valued 
monthly. ( 41 ) Last Tlusdsy of Stock 
Exchange account ( 42 ) Last day of 
month. ( 43 ) 2 nd and 4 tb Wednesday of 
month. 6*4) Quarterly. ( 45 ) 6 th of month. 
( 46 ) 2 nd Tuesday of month. 




H*l Ion QnlWlT 

Pat* QCM TM 

6 * OB* Pm 6 »«* p * P/f 

10*3 1 l*» 


l Si 



a • .. 










52 -3 


i A 4 







17 -1 



19 +1 

7 > 











228 -2 





112 *3 






3 S 2 

3 S 5 -2 . 

2 E 


e ^ 





108 - 2 *i 





5 B 0 

M 3 







1 L 4 









S 3 *5 






L 4 






205 -5 










120 *2 




24 <x 25 <> * . 





a -2 


W* IS’. 



BB *2 


■ m 

123 v 



M 2 


M 7 -3 





18 -2 


a *i 





M 4 

11 B **4 





1*0 +2 









144 -3 


22 * . . 



IL 1 









180 -S 




a *i 




43 -1 









175 -2 





238 -2 

116 h 



2 L 

3 Hr 


92 * . 





M 5 




5 L 







.. » 



147 • .. 

T 3 D 






1 T 4 

177 -a 





131 *1 





200 *5 



M 0 *% 





01 * *-*1 



2 » 






12 *i * 4 . 

.. « 



95 -5 












2 BV 


51 -2 


107 +2 







142 -1 







160 *.2 

3 J 





IS *2 



28 1 



7 If t 75 



155 ■ .. 





115 *-2 










<35 *-7 


S 3 

07 # 




«8 -1 





18* -a 






02 *1 



in *-2 

47 *1 



to -2 



72 • .. 


7 B -2 





25 * . 






*8 -1 



1 U 



107 * 146 


2 B 0 






480 H . 

19 •- 1 ‘x 





a -i 




J 30 *-2 




S r .. 




IS * . 




n *2 





13 *2 














1 « 



87 A 




i oniy one price Quoted the 


73 55 FMdraDnon 
a 3 i Htad> 

Zffi im Hon* 

s a 

2*0 T 30 FMtaCon* 

a ffi Fw** 

28 J fitaSM-A' 
no m Qtaco 
150 73 &» JCidS) 

47 35 OmJPcmc 

85 73 abetfca* 
ID tflO GAta lb* 

100 it Stai Heon 

19 3 ft 
115 120 *-8 

53 5 B 

« SZ .. 

250 364 *8 

C O -1 

g 81 

170 no .. 

127 12B -8V 

343 MS 

Mi IS -5 

n 8 S +3 

37 40 -1 



*• vw 

Mpi io* Coraray 

Ad Otkr 

age bnb* % FA 

32 OM Gp 
186 87 Satan Wans 
155 to total Pitt 
126 B Ga*d lawn} 
M SB Gram* Stara 
166 lto Bn Statu 

in ia ttaotEhMO 

39 IS Ebta cib. 
05 fil'itasNeer So 
IM no Sutraraytawc 
« « HaapM Kooacn 
290 133 Haw, S Ttam 
255 tSB HmeMCk Ebn 
*7 a Hu# Cart 

395 233 'j 0 * 'A* LV 
150 M 3 <iHradnceMn* 
415 160 npJM 
205 4 } HgmU 

145 155 -3 

«7 92 -1 

41 44 *-1 

a XE **2 

142 147 -1 

IM 115 -2 

B 70 +2 

ISO 1«2 -1 

IS 180 **» 
37 4 } *4 

no 120 

as ms 
* « *-2 
283 293 -8 

253 255 +1 

44 41 -1 

450 4 JU .. 

49 M U 
75 49 IM 
V £1 «9 
59 17 BJ) 

48 25 177 
97 48 .. 

24 62 116 
M 10 W 
11 34 TU 

3.1 3.1 142 

43 5 b tu 
U 4.7 81 

39 44 119 
74 45 115 
48 3.1 1 S .1 

205 4 } Mourn PM 
61 71 HhBgm 
C 7 mta\ 

(39 « Moran 
« MS Hotal IMpa 
«b no HcmtaKt 
3 T* 22 tugtn Food 
M e^Hwxad Bsc 
MS 115 Maw Shut 

MS 115 Mow Star 
255 lto KMatoMl 
230 MO acral 

a II a raw 

115 44 tad Sol Bwa 

103 BG MM 
353 IK l ** W B | fttt 
210 205 Mulhlqwra 
32 21 M (Jxb U 

32 21 bMIbdl 

380 ZB JS PlSto, 
190 m jk*h van 

a z jabrara 
148 HQ Jotapa g Jag 
ia 73 Jotaonn Me 
70 48 JHUh 

330 253 POP 
BZ 87 MfJHP) 

320 220 KwmSta 

•s §Sar 

M0 150 
157 IM -4 
57 82 

23 80 

38 Wi -3 
137 140 +1 

im its 

121 124 **( 

"7 £ :: 

170 T7S -2 
I 8 S 135 e -2 
155 186 ■ .. 
12 tS 
® so *a 
so » -12 

220 ZS **8 
208 211 

I £ a 
17 ? 'r 

117 121 * .. 
W W 7 -| 
81 M -I 
272 278 *2 

78 79 *+! 

310 320 
55 BJ *2 
59 82 *-1 

U 75 U 

u u as 
2.1 15 113 
19 10 199 

it i 2 as 

LI 24 175 
123 27 IM 

123 3.1 115 

39 22 232 

48 £7 216 

0.7 22 227 

04 50 HO 

39 21 229 

Z 1 1.1 722 

II U 07 

« » & 

07 10 15 2 

33 CL 9 349 

79 43 165 

.. a .. 03 

80 59 07 

61 b 36 117 
£B 41 104 

47 17 1*9 

£1 £7 M 3 

149 47 162 
T 7 29 65 

16 27114 . 

113 87 AH 
to 37 LMU* 

IB 70 LMm Tbuaraa 
584 32 Lraan bn 
118 a Iran 
285 r-Luc* Ion fip 
37 73 isdci Era 
!« ffi Lon 8 Ckdtodi 
MB 1X1 LoAiBM 

US 107 * .. 58 53 

£6 W j - 1-1 51 51 

to 17 Inraw P* 27 30 

n 77 Ife Crab* Cray 82 87 

320 160 HUT Cara — — 

lto 101 KUaMnlM 
IS < imEhm 
130 54 iAh 
95 V Me** D*» 

178 « MBM (Aonttb 

m KM JSSaMy 

308 195 Marion Fan 
155 143 Mraa Loan 
220 123 unto teen 
a 75 M Unrr a 
22 3 Mono, Cera 

75 13 Mora M Ml 

ill 135 Hraue-Sran 
380 311 Mra y riflaa *ta 

!2 5 HSJKmi 
lto 71 nraac 
a to Hraot (John 
780 380 MeMri^ 
220 OS I tahra 
47 22 Mrarara 

S3 « +1 36 49 116 

275 285 59 19 319 

89 92 -1 29 12 HLO 

112 Iff 86 79 M 14 

M 5 170 • .. 350 £1 147 

27 30 -I 

SO 97 -3 11 54 . . 

315 325 +10 55 2.1 286 

5 Hu no 120 .. 109 17 89 

Mb 58 62 .. 27 43 84 

IB T 35 u +5 14 1.1 4 U 

72 77 -I 

*U) IM 182 U-S 47 25 215 

18 19 *1 

110 115 +1 43 39 239 

m 292 297 54 H ZM 

n » 4 a M 7 -l>i 

125 IM • .. 46 3.1 99 

84 *7 • .. 44 5.1 202 

ra. 2D 22 232 .. 33 

* MM 27 to S 49 157 29 

* IQ »78 .. 36 29 187 

♦1 75 2.1 215 

83 S 3 185 

M 78 H .. 37 49 11.1 
m » 17 26 180 

535 BS 43 07 449 

130 ?« U -6 57 42 11.1 

47 22 U w ra c 34 a 19 51 154 

fs s asTts is a ■* u °> »* 

lto 162 MB* 8 S e itm a 1C 186 32 17 344 

tU HO Htorari bran IM 153 +1 35 £2 35.1 

*4? « J£5^“ W 205 -» 79 49 HUB 

ca im Hum ra Too ms ab i« 1V1 

124 62 UoriTi cm 116 120 jj 13 49 

US IIS Manta 133 lto H .. U 45 

57 25 Motorm 51 54 5-4 Sun) 

n-2 IS terra fV Saro) I 6 -, XT, „ U 

213 g HnWoeq 73 73 39 49 92 

IS 15 *5*y ia n * . . 43 22 186 

» 235 WMCaa 255 265 **5 86 33 142 

238 101 Horn ra 
*34 6 S tionka A Cm 

26 16 191 

36 33 146 

n a i*> 

213 63 ItraAdM 

im is iAshiui 
387 235 MlWCDBa 

Bf 233 raw Cora 2 a 265 *+5 JJ JJ 142 

21 I raQHta «■,« ;?, „ . . M 
5 "s 0 'i Do Hhb l 4 3 :: “ 

s l ssr Tm 

130 Si Ifera* 
in 45 mm 

19 22 -I 

70 80 

a 72 

a to *1 

136 140 -1 

58 S 3 -2 

B 1 

59 *70 89 


« ? $- a u “ 
are mWdte prices taken dady at 5 pm. ^ YtaW, 



26 * 











41 ’| *A 





m *3 







a * .. 






S 3 



2 U 7 

zn -8 



.. ■ 



24 -■» 

. . • 



T 63 +1 





19 +31 

35 b 




S3 *1 





108 *3 



U 13 




19 • 


5 -i 








S -i 



72 -2 


a *3 





no -a 







a **2 














no -i 






J 1 *2 



» -a 

4 J 


M 2 







18 *3 




105 • 




48 • .. 




SB *1 

2 J 







1 U 

117 -8 



BJ *1 







102 +2 





112 -3 


13 * oh 





71 e -4 





21 -5 


ia • 




» • .. 



M 3 

MS -1 




TO -3 

3 S 3 * . 






L 7 

M 4 


280 -8 





& :: 






7 B 3 













225 • .. 





zn **2 




175 * . . 

43 b 



3B +2 











67 * . 









208 *3 




26 b 

30 • .. 


to • .. 





288 *+3 


W *-8 




ia *i 



HI 6 


29 *-5 










315 -5 









83 • 



ze -2 







j J 


ia • 










518 *7 



i 1 




77 **2 











415 • . 



9 Z 

97 * . 






72 H -1 




1 » 

110 • .. 





95 -2 














ra r -5 




S 42 


SS9 **4 









IS -2 






M 2 




















138 IM -24 

36* 3R -2 

118 « -24 

131 04 *-1 
W 248 • 

3 B 4 ZTh -'i 

485 470 
ra »i *4 

TM 110 
2U 218 -2 

148 153 +1 

140 144 +1 

30 XI -5 
188 190 -2 

631 642 -3 

237 BB .. 

IDS 118 -4 

155 lto *-14 

4» 417 +1 

16* m *-2 
ra ra -l 

71 7 * -I 

iff ra 

220 221 *-34 
124 IF. 

MO 332 -1 
S» - -5 

iso in 
310 315 
ISO 132 -2 

114 07 
m GO *-4 
170 172 -1 

161 183 -1 

150 t34 -5 

if? ^5 •-! 

BD4 njl -14 

208 2B3 -2 

204 20B -3 

TO 318 -I 

1C TM 44 

123 04 -2 

150 1ST -14 

233 238 *-2 
256 259 *-1 
<36 445 *6 

M 0 i Lb» Comoray 


Pnn tu YH 

fid 08 v Din t«n i 

122 55 [TO Oh 01 UXI DU GO 
224 IS TO Hd* Gen 217 
T 4 S IDObTO Hdari Rra tto 
T03 BB TO NoRD AmriEI 87 
157 118 TO PW*C BM»1 179 
2U ffl’rTO Ffeuay 65 

118 JB TO Tb5 113 

182 iS TOTnram 175 

Iffl 135 TratbBa Iffl 

300 237 Ttognaw 303 

3D 300 TUag Stand CM 370 

Z25 1574 7>S (bra* 222 

156 Iff Tkfcra 152 

a 79 Ttouwauc es 

3ES 2T7 lEMM 290 

81 35 **» Inc To 38 

c 33 mueRraaas « 

74 53 Nrtoal 81 

112 nvmra 111 

81 *-l 
219 *-3 
136 -4 

a -2 

Ml -1 
67 «-14 
114 -14 

176 -4 

in -24 

% * 
as -i 
TS -1 
884 **-4 

5 f. 

- -4 

55 25 56.1 

49 Zb 44 J 
17.1 1 S 9 76 

99 32 587 

a t 46 

72 tfi£ 
U 17 512 
2 J £1 63.1 


47 944 *rafc*aEraun 
73 e AHH *1 
38 n SMUad 

154 lto Brtrah Arrow 

24 ISrjlth MM 

It •»■ 

158 137 Boa 
T 7 B to E«D Tn* 

*0 187 E*B 

12 JS faFtota n 

788 375 Untaii 

no 81 fmaft 

223 183 STHs^rart 
74 75 Grade 04 U] 
itr-rag Hramua 
218 153 CH 
440 320 MM 
305 190 Hi 6 
382 252 tamtfe tax 
’g, ■ ftop ejv Tat 
®|J 0a Wtrrun 
206 IS 9 n»Nw 0 n*t 

110 u u 



GWJuynaon raid Co report 
SUGAR (FTOinC. Czranflcoort 

148 JM 7.6 



167 ^ 67.0 



ij M aiiai^ 

Vof 860 

Tone steady 


Cash 382 JXW 8100 

2 i Three Worths. 4 Q 2 . 00 - 4 C 3 J 0 

Tone~! ZIl~ - T ldte 

Ire SU. vet SMALL 

\2s 3 9 aoo 

.00 Three Months. «BLXKM 0 a .00 

Vol ■■■■ a Ml. - Nl 

Tone kfle 

Af HM 1 W 81 H 

Cert! 7 S 3 JJ 0 - 794 JJ 0 

Three Months . 806 ^ 807 J» 

Wjl__ -3800 

Tone Steady 


teh 2530 - 2 S 4 Q 

Three Months 2567-2570 

Wot 42 

Tone Steady but Qntai 

Sheep nos. up 185 %. ave. 

161 ^ 1 p (-1 J 6 ) 

Pig nos. down 175 %. ave. ■ 
price, 7 & 49 p(*- 1 , 00 } 


UveP Ig Contract p. per lato 
Morth Open Close 
Nov 101J 101.4 

Feb 97.0 97.0 

Af* 979 97.0 

Jim 975 97 J 

^ 96-5 965 



Average fatetock price* ut 

Kovranbar T 7 

- Vat0 

Kg Mnt veto 

Ur* Came Contract 
p. per Mo 

Month Open Close 

« PI ~ 

APT 96.0 

Jun 99 J) 

Jan 87 
Apr 87 
Jui B 7 
Oct 87 
Jtol 88 
Apr 88 
Jul 88 
Oct 88 
Vof: 128 kxs 
Open anerest: 2000 






Dec 1340 - 31.0 

GB: Cetrie. 9427p per kg hr 

GB: Sheep 1 S 7 A 9 p per kg* 

(+ 4 JB) 

‘ est. (toad carcase woigttt 
Engtond and Waiee: 

Catfle nos. up 23 %. ea*. 

Votr 21 

Z per tonne 

SuppUed riaCommodhy 
Market Serwas Lid 

Wheat Barley 
Close Close 

10825 10930 

11035 112.00 

Hfgft/Low Close 
88 940 . 0 - 940.0 9400 

Dec 06 
Jan 87 
Mar 87 
Jun 87 
SepS 7 

nos. down £8%. eve. 
a, 7000 p(+ 027 ) 

11330 11430 

116-15 11530 

Vof-. 12 Iota 
Open interest 24 


Cash 57230-57430 

Three Months . 56430 - 564 . 5 C 

Canto nos. up 19.8 ih. era. 
price, 93 . 36 rt- 1 . 17 ) 

Barley T ~ 

Spot mariret commemary: 
Tanker andax: 

9163 . 147 1.0 on 14 / 11/86 

Dry cargo index: 

778.0 down 1 . 0 . 00 14 / 11/86 


Edited by Matthew May 


A rose by any other name may smell 
as sweet, bat the top manage rs at 
computer companies .Burroughs and ■ 
Sperry hope that their merged com- 
panies will smell even sweeter under 
their new name: Unisys. 

Unisys was selected from more 
than 31,000 names submitted by 
employees of both Burroughs and 
Sperry in a competition annou n ced 
shortly ^ after merger plans were 
finalized. Lee Machen, a software 
speci alist at the company’s Atlanta - 
office, came up with the name — 
which Burroughs chairman, W, Mi- 
chael Blumemhal, explains was com- 
prised of the words “United, 
Information and Systems”. 

“It signifies that we are solidly one 
company, unified and committed to 
the world information systems 
marketplace,’’ he said last week. “We 
are a new force there. We have the 
skills, global presence and staying 
power to meet customer needs for 
years to come.” 

The name itself — while an 
interesting sidelight to what has to be 
the most ambitious merger the com- 
puter industry has ever seen — is 
probably not as significant as the 
development plans the Unisys 
management team reviewed at the 
christening ceremonies last week in 

“We are pledged to our customers 
that the Sperry and Burroughs com- 
puter architectures win be continued 
in perpetuity to protect customer 
investments," Mr Bhunenthal said. 
“The company behind that commit- 
ment to the two customer groups is - 
Unisys, a streamlined, cohesive en- 

Big Blue’s new rival 

tity bong bnilt from the best of 
Burroughs and Sperry." 

• Tho se plans are even more im- 
portant when you consider that. 
Unisys now comprises a $10 friBkm- 
ptos busmessand becomes the second 
largest computer company in the 
world, surpassed only by IBM. 

- And not all -the plans involve all 
portions Of the existi ng R mr nngh* 1 
and Sperry empires^Mr Blumemhal " 
has indicated that some parts ofboth 
companies will have to be sold in 


By Geof Wheelwright 

order to make Unisys more of a 
“cohesive entity”. 

■ He said last week that the sale of 
$1.5 billion in assets not essential to 
the core information processing and 
defence businesses mil be accom- 
plished before the company's pre- 
viously-set December, 1987 target 
date. • 

“By merging, we initiated a historic 
restructuring of the information 
processing industry that I firmly 
believe was needed, one that will 
have rosy or consequences,” said Mr 

; Despite the fact that the sheer size 
ofUmsys is Hedy tomake it powerful 
(like that old joke about “Where does 
an elephant sit?”, with the inev itab le 
reply of “Anywhere it wants to!*7. the 
company wffl have to be extremely 
careful that duptication, c onflicting 
strategies and old rivalries will not 

. ' upset the delicate balance needed for 

No one is more aware of this than 
' Mr Blumenthal, who is also keen on 
achieving more than the $150 million 
'annual cost savings outlined in the 
original merger plan (an objective 
described as achievable by a recent 

- Specry/Burroqgbs task force). 

One of the biggest challenges will be 
fending off IBM, which has got to be 
far more concerned about Unisys 
than it ever was about either Sperry or 
BuiTOughs individually.Now that 

- Unisys is the number two computer 
company in the world. Big Blue is 
likely to be a lot more aggressive in 
how it tackles this competition. 

And IBM mil have to move fast. 
Sperry has long-standing contacts in 
the defence and aerospace industries, 
while Burroughs hac always achieved 
success in the banking and commer- 
cial sectors. 

Together, they could well expand 
market share in existing markets and 
move on to further challenge IBM's 
traditional domination of the office 
automation business. 

But one area where neither Bur- 
roughs or Speny has been particularly 
strong, is in foe lower-market per- 
sonal computer business. Both com- 
panies stayed with “proprietary” 
hardware and software until very late 
in the day, when Sperry made the 
move to compatibility with IBM’s PC 
and AT desktop microcomputers on 
the Sperry IT and Micro/IT 

While this may have been a 
problem two or three years ago, when 
IBM was raking in large amounts of 

Michael Blumenthal: new force 
money from its PC endeavours, the 
lack of PC market share is not likely 
16 be so crucial now. 

IBM is having to rethink its 
commitment to the lower end of the 
PC business, as cheaper “clones” of 
its PC made in the Far East flood the 
market and turn personal computers 
into a low-cost, high-volume 

• IBM has already indicated on 
several occasions that it will probably 
leave the lower-end of the PC market 
soon mid concentrate on its AT- 
specification PC and a new machine 
based on the Intel 80386 computer 

Such machines would start to 
become valid competition for small 
minicomputer systems and it is then 
that we will really know whether or 
not Unisys will smell as sweet as 
Sperry and Burroughs ever did - as 
the new company goes head-to-head 
with Number One. 

■ Ford has begun a new 
training initiative intended to 
help organizations to 
improve the quality of their 
work by Implementing 
statistical process control 
(SPC), a powerful set of 
techniques for process 
improvement The 
Department of Trade and 
Industry is supporting the 

Quality control has 
traditionally been based on 
defect detection, then 
correction. SPC uses sampling 
and s t atist ic a l techniques to 

luappen^so that the 
emp hasis is on defect 
prevention. The "vehicle" 

Ford has chosen for the 
training is inter-active 
videodisc and. for the 
appfication of inter-active 
video so far, the company, 

Futu rented ia. Futuremedia 
will script, produce and 
programme a series of 
laser-vision discs on SPC. 

A Ford official said: 

“Although this initiative is 
mainly directed at our own 

■ manufacturing locations and 
vast supply base, the 
generic nature of the subject 
makes it potentially 
applicable to any process.” 

Micro Santa 

■ Accessing Santa Claus, 
accessing Santa! Thanks to 
Micro Link, the electronic 
mail service, children can 
contact the jolly old feBow 
by microcomputer. Now 
children — or their parents 

— can transmit their Christmas 
message via MicroLink. 

Having logged on to MicroLink, 
they simply type Santa on 
the keyboard, then enter their 






message, which can be 
transmitted via any home or 
office micro. 

Christmas Eve when the 

leaves to^deiive^^esents. 
SantaUnk (groan) is foe 
latest service befog offered to 
subscribers from 
MicroLink. The format gives 
access to features suen as 
WeatherLink, for the latest 
weather pictures; FtoraUnk, 
where you can order delivery 
of flowers anywhere in 
Britain, and TneatreUnk. 
MicroLink recently provided 
a fink to afiow computer users 
on both sides of the Atlantic 
to chat to one another using 
their micros. 

Hi-tech water 

■ North West Water has 
announced contracts for 
computer-based systems, 
for the first stage of a £1 6.55 
million integrated regional 
telemetry strategy. The £4.25 
million contracts, awarded 
to Lo£pca and Dynamic Logic, 
have great implications for 

the water industry because the 
new high-tech scheme, to 
be completed in 1989, wffl offer 
great benefits to both the 
consumer and the authority. 

Another Gem 

■ Digital Research is 
predicting that with file launch 
of the 12tn Gem (graphics 
environment manager) 
software package and its 
recent Amstrad deal, the 
number of users of its Gem 
software will have reached 
more than 1 Yi mfflion by the 
end of next year. Several 
hundred Gem-based 
programs covering the main 
application areas, indudfog 
several high-end programs In 
desktop publishing, CD- 
ROM publishing and 
CAD/CAM. are now on the 

Gem Is Digital's graphics 
user interrace, which presents 
the user with a screen 
displaying easily understood 
symbols (known as icons), 
windows, drop-down menus 
and dialogue boxes, 
instead dj requiring the user to 
team the often cryptic DOS 
command language. Gem was 
most recently chosen tv 
Amstrad for res new Amstrad 
PCI 512 range. 

‘Decisions, decisions! Which 
key to press next?* 

A Cambridge punt 
for Silicon Valley 

By Richard Saraon 
Rank Xerox is setting up a 
European offshoot of hs Palo 
Alto Research Centre in Dun- 
bridge. It will be called 
Euro PARC and wfil be staffed 
by a mixture of European and 
American scientists, with a 
Palo Afto man as its director. 

The original PARC changed 
the way people interact with 
computers. In 1973, a mixed 
team of psychologists, cog- 
nitive scientists and software 
writers, recognized that tap- 
ping away at a keyboard was 
not a natural way fora human 
to talk to a machine. 

They decided that most 
humans are happier dealing 
with pictures than words or 
numbers. They came up with 
the idea of moving a “mouse’” Bffl Spencer L o o ki n g at 

around the table, to point the Europe’s best scientists 

SC ^^ n ^ uni0 H' at -, p lctcres » CoBege London have bene- 
called “irons”, on the screen. todfrom this scheme. 

pus, if foe user . y> PARCS research will U- 
P**! 0 V 1 dnde speech mpotto comput- 

instead of typing DELETE, he gj-s anJ computer animating 
points to a picture of a waste- But modi of Seresearch will 

keL * 1 . v m.a 8° OT at a deeper leveL For 
Until recently. Xerox instance, one team at PARC, 
not commercialize these ideas tmder Tom Moran, .whose 
successfully, but some fhe background is psychology and 
team moved over J® Apple cognitive science, is working 
and designed the Macintosh 0 n how people from different 
■ The , £5? disciplines, for instance, sri- 
and WINDOW visual wter- cmisSor lawy tssjbrm their 
face software brings the PARC ideas. 
ideas across to the IBM PC They look at the whole 
and its clones. AD the world process, from confusion to 
now uses mrasrnd icons. understanding, and are 
Another PARC develop- developing “idea processing” 
raenl. in 1975, was the software, called Notecards, to 
Ethernet local area network, (be process. Another 

for Unking computes to- team of sociologists and 
getite. This too has become a anthropologists are working 
worldwide defat* industry ^ a project. Colab, which 
standard. PARC, therefore, the way groups of 

can be described as Sihcon people work together. 

Valley's most influential re- 

search team and Cambridge Part of this research brings a 

will gain from the cross- team of engineers with their 
fertilization. workstations into one room 

BUI Spencer, bead of re- and studies how they share the 
search at Xerox, says that 95 information in their files, 
per cent of the work of Such fimdamenlal studies 
EuroPARC will be open and could revolutionize bow corn- 
only 5 per cent related to purer networks should be built 
proprietary products. ua and bow data should be 

Between now and February he ld an d accessed on those 
he hopes to recniit 12 to 15 of networks. 

Europe's best scientists work- ft could also change the way 
mg on the interaction of project yaws of the future 
computers with humans. He work together. It wiB be 
also wants to co-operate with interesting to see how the 
other universities, working m American scientists in Palo 
the same field. . Abo interact with the Euro- 

AJ ready. Rank Xerox has n enn team in Cambridge, 
provided S30 million to Euro- 
pean universities through it One of the ai m s ot the 
University Grant Programme, Cambridge centre is to shorten 
for research into electronic the cycle from research to 
publishing and artificial market. Xerox dearty needs to 
intelligence. avoid providing the. basic 

Edinburgh, Newcastle, research for another 
Cambridge and University Macintosh. 

, . - *4 


Compaq: Portab le £1250! 

Compaq Portable. 256k RAM, 2 360k 


Compaq Portable- 256* RAM, 2 360k 
floppy drives, dual- mode display, £1250! 

Speci al offer - upgraded Compaq Port- 
able lo 640k using genuine AST Six Pak 
Phif., £1400! Prices reduced on ibe 
Portable II & Desk pro configurations, eg. Portable II, 640k 
80286 processor, lOrab hard dSek onh £2400! C all for others. 

MAPC T AftiiMlTtnC 78 H&i Hotbom. London WC1V 6LS. 

imnot wHrmKP T ^ r , n . W in^ 


Call Henrietta on 01 828 9000 

Networking • Software • Training 
10, 20& 40Mb upgrades 





computer maker 

Fujitsu, the largest and most respected 
computer maker in Japan, and one of 
the world's biggest names in computer 
technology presents the UK with four 
examples from its best selling ranges of 
serial printers, line printers, tape drives 
and disk drives. 

First our printers, a sophisticated range 
of serial and line printers, developed 
and improved over 30 years, and provid- 
rT T '"-' ph ing simple, friendly, reliable 
and efficient service when - 
ever vou need them. 

ggjggg/j Take our new , 
BSSBHv DL2000 series * 
. of serial 1 
printers, and the M304X ?■ 
series, Fujitsu's new family \ 
of line printers, reliable, < 

and with an operating noise level 
of only 55 db, ideal for the office 

Then .theres die 
M2333K, one of 
Fujitsu's 8-inch 
Winchester-rype fixed 
disk drives featuring new’ large storage 
capacities and a fast positioning time. 
They provide superior cost-effective- 
ness, setting a new standard for small 
computer systems and intelligent termi- 
nals across a broad range of 

1 applications. — 

And lastly, the new r — m H 

cost-effective | '|g 

streaming tape ¥ klg 

drives, the M2 -hX l '*1|| 

series, I II 

ideal back up for superminis and duster 
computers, and also quiet enough for 
die office. 

Fujitsu peripherals are renowned world- 
wide for their compatibility with 
virtually even’ sx'stem in the market 
place, simplicity of operation, but above 
all for reliability. 

For frill details of our range of printers, 
and disk and tape drives fill in the cou- 
pon below. 


Japan's No. 1 computer maker 

Fujii*.u Europe Lid- 

Koval Trusi Hou.nco- 4 Jemiyn Si. London SWIY 6SQ 
Phone: (-w- 1 ) -jOS-OCHS 

\ Please send me further information on the following 
I Fujitsu ranges tickatowmiuateroxisi 

I □ Disk Drives 
[ n Tape Drives 

D Serial Printers 
□ Line Printers 



Address _ 

\ Send id: 

| FujiiMJ Fufupe lid.. Roval Trust H< Aijurmyn Si. London SW1V6NQ 

sii'? »£§ « ?S^S5,S8¥il5 SSSS U > 

* < 

- ■>'»$ 


,it • 







a super-super 



■Au outstanding machine 
that leaves the competition 
for dead.” 


v. . ”■ iW:' -?* 

!r* --w. . 

y • ‘"'’A*?. V . :J ' 
*t:’t '*>:? $£• «V§v 

l* • • 


<r As far ahead of IBM’s P.C., which 
kicked off the second generation, as the 
p.C. was ahead of the Apple H, which 
sparked the revolution a decade ago.” 


‘At the fel]y 




.. i <&£$* < 7v t ' ' i A . - ‘ • 



A quantum leap for desktop 



: - 4 > '^ v w- - s ' 

, v. •* 

‘This is simply 






Automatic translation, or translation 
produced by the computer itself; is 
the big talking point in the t ransla tion 
world. It is usually known by the 
somewhat ugly and misteflrinig term 
“machine translation**. 

Every November the international 
Translating and the Computer con- 
ference is held in London — this 
year's, conference was the eighth — 
and the fixture looks like becoming as 
established a feature of the month as 
the 1 Lord Mayor's Slow. 

Hi-tech moves 
into translation 

world's leading forum on the subject 
and speakers and participants come 

from all over the globe. _ 

The pattern is usually for a “low- J>a$as its president one of the leading 

Jt" An— nkuh 1- I - >1 . I T¥ Mnutf nnu 1^: 1 i:_ ■ 

The guild has now handed over its 
role to a' new organization on die 
l an g uag es scene, the Institute of 
Translation mid Interpreting 

The institute, which had its inangu- 
^meetujgonly in April this year. 

tech" (fey, which looks at aids to 
translation and changes in translator 
training, and for a “high-tech" day, 

which examines the latest develop^ 
meats in t ransla t ion . 

The conferences are organized by 
Aslib (the Association for Informa- 
tion M a n a g ement), previously in 
association with the Translators’ 

new way 

UK experts in < , 

bps. Professor Jnan Sager, ^of the 
University of Manchester Institute of 
Science and Technology (UMIST). 

\ There is no donbt that the Transfet- 
ing and the Computer conference 
series, and the published proceedings 
resulting from them, have m»/te a 
major impact on the translation 

They have introduced translator 
to the new technology, they have 
brought together practitioners, 
university researchers and teachers of 
linguistics and translation tech- 
niques, and producers and vendors of 
machine translation systems. 

Using computers to tr anslate' natu- 
ral language text has beat a dream 
since & Second World War, but took 
a long time to turn into rcaihy. 

The early enthusiasts tended to 
over-estimate what computers could 
do and underestimate the complex- 
ity of natural language. 

These - early enthusiasts shared 
what is still a common delusion 

among non-Jmguists, that translation 
from one language to another is 
simply a matt e r of word substitution. 

In fed, perfect translation is impos- 
sible, since every human language 
embodies concepts and ways of 
thinking which are unique; 

The human translator translates by 
making subconscious inferences all 
the time from the context ami from 
his experience of life. A computer has 
no intuitive common sense. 

In Europe a major turning point 
came in 1977 when the European 
rpTnmunfties organized a major 
conference called Overcoming the 
Tanpiaflft Barrier. This brought to- 
gether many researchers and poten- 
tial users. 

The European Communities them- 
selves decided to see if Systran, a 
system devised by an American, Dr 
Peter Toma, using a mainframe 
computer, could be used in their 
services and set up an organizational 
structure which now uses Systran 
regularly for handling part of the EC 
tr anslatio n requirement. 

Siepnan Johnson 


The EEC is to create a 
computerized language 
translation system — probably 
the most ambitious high-tech 
scheme in the world — that can 
be extended to cope with any 
language pair. There are nine 
working languages in the 
Community, mn icing 72 lan- 
guage pairs. 

The new system, rafted 
Eurotra, is still in the research 
stage with working groups in 
each of the member states. 
The UK groups are at Man- 
chester University's Institute 
of Science and Technology 
and Essex University. 

it is only in the 1980s that 
commercial machm*> transla- 
tion systems have been avail- 
able for use with 
microcomputers. The leading 
firms offering these systems — 
ALPS (Automated Language 
Processing SystemsX Logos 
and Wradner — were all orig- 
inally American-based, 
though Weidner is now owned 
by a Japanese translation 

company called Bravice. 

Both ALPS and Weidner 
started in Utah, where the 
Mormon Church has its worid 
headquarters. The Mormons 
(the Church of Latter Day 
Saints) became interested in 
the 1970s in the possibility of 
using computers to help in 
translating their scriptures 
and other puWkations for use 
in worldwide missionary 
endeavours. Research was un- 
dertaken at Brigham Young 
University at Provo. 

Machine translation was 
found unsuitable for religious 
publications, but the research 
did produce “spin-off” in the 
development of systems for 
conmiercial use. 

i Logos 



Ring or writs: 


D6000 FnmMurt/Mam 71 



fortheAMSTRADPCI 512 

Instant Access to 
aB European 
languages and 
more besides. 

for farther Mongrtoo comaefc 

T tUp h on t: OBI B 8 Wfl. 

Scfance Paifc, 


- A professional association for translators 

and interpreters : 

- Individual and corporate membership 

- A meeting place for practitioners, 

teachers and users cf translation and " 
interpreting services. __ 

1-3 May 1987 
Hotel Russell, London. 
Further details from: 

The Secretary (Conference 87), OT. 

26-27 Boswell Street London 
WC 1 N 3 JZ 

AD three companies quiddy 
saw Europe as a major market 
and established headquarters 
here'— ALPS in Switzerland, 
Logos in West Germany and 
Weidner in Britain. 

Meanwhile, many of the 
worid rights to the Systran 
Systran have recently been 
acquired by a French en- 
gineering company, Gacbot 
SA, and associate companies. 
A number of industrial com- 
panies have bought systems 

anH pry ncing nrarhtnp t ransla- 
tion with apparent 

AD translations generated 

political tongnages, En glish, 
French, Spanish, German. 
Russian, Arabic, Chinese and 
Japanese - though Logos 
originated in a project for the 
translation of wianuak into 
Vie tnamese during the Viet- 
nam war. 

But we can now expect 
more and more language*, to 
be added. Programs for lan- 
guages such as Dutch, Italian 
and Portuguese are now 
becoming available. 

Two years ago, at the 1984 

T ranslating and the Computer 

conference, a Malaysian spoke 
of the tremendous unsatisfied 
demand from an educated 
workforce for technical ma- 
terial of all kinds, from text- 
books to car workshop 
manuals , in Malay. 

Such developments could 
have world-shaking con- 
sequences. What is certain is 
that the multilingual informa- 
tion wave is just beginning to 

Report on Translating and the Computer 
By Geoffrey Kingscott 

The language business that 
was bom in Nuremberg 

Ninety per cent of the world’s 
population does not speak 
English, eves though in every 
coantry people who have deal- 
ings with the Americans or 
ourselves have Bade it their 
business to nnderstand 

ft is easy to forget that, 

in F-n gfiAj t he German 
tiefea, tite Japanese business- 
man, the Spanish hotelier or 
the Swedish engineer remain 
move at ease m their own 

they are buying* 
rather than setting, they want 
documentation to be in their 
own tongue. 

T® remain competitive* in- 
dustry needs to operate multi- 

lingnaOy and translation is 
suddenly becoming big 

Operating in structions for 
complex machinery* mainte- 
nance guides, specifica- 
tions, contracts, international 
treaties, regulations and de- 
crees — some of these docu- 
ments running into hundreds 
of pages - all have to be 

How is the existing transla- 
tion service, fragmentary and 
unregulated, going to cope? 

There are two approaches to 
the answer: one is to increase 
the productivity as well as the 
number of human translators; 
the other is to use computers. • 

Until recently there were 
few full-time translators. 
Mach translation was done as 
a side-line by people with' 
other jobs who “happened to 
know** one or more I _ 

The quality of work done 
way was variable and output 
often low and unpredictable. 

Now* mternational institu- 
tions, governments and big 
companies have their own 
translation departments-. 

Smaller firms wthw age 1 

translation companies and 
agencies or place work directly 
with freelances. 

The larger translation com- 

Nuremberg trials: test case for translation and interpretation 

pany wiD usually have a 
Kflmffni of in-house trans- 
lators bid will also make use of 
freelances* while agencies of- 
ten act as little more than 
brokers between client and 

Laymen often confuse the 
terms translation and inter- 
pretation but in the language 
profession translation is used* 
for w r i tten work and inter- 
pretation for the spoken word. 

Both received recognition as ( 
professional occupations at 
the Nuremberg war crime 

A mass of documentary 
evidence had to be translated 
from German En gfiah, 
French and Russian for the 
judges* connsel and defen- 
dants, and the entire proceed- 
ings had to be interpreted by 
teams of people rendering 
speeches into the various lan- 
guages almost simultaneously 
for participants to hear on 

This system was later 
adopted for the United Na- 
tions and for the growing 
number of international bodies 

created in the post-war worid. 

Today a number of univer- 
sities - Bradford, Salford, 
Bath* Heriot-Watt* Surrey 
amt Essex among them — as 
well as institutions such as the 
Polytechnic of Central 
London, run technically ori- 
ented undergraduate and post- 
graduate language courses ami 
are helping to dispel the image 
of the ineffectual languages 

At first the word processor 
was viewed as a marvellous 
editing ntarfiiw for trans- 
fetor who wanted to comet or 
improve his dictated work 
withoot the need for retyping. 

But now this is giving way to 
the concept of the translator 
working directly on to a key- 
board, using aD the text 
processing facilities to speed 
op operations. 

Current thinking is that the 
modem translator needs to 
have a computer work station 
with a range of facilities from 
looking up abstruse terminol- 
ogy to preparing the text in a 
camera-ready form for 

post-editing and it is still a 
subject of discussion as to 
whether post-editing an auto- 
matically-generated transla- 
tion is aster than translating 
from scratch. 

What is becoming obvious 
is that a lot of attention has 
hitherto been paid to the 
systems and perhaps not 
enough to how to make the 
most use of them. 

Thing s are now moving 
ahead fast, along several paths 
at The commercial ma- 
chine translation companies 
are getting into their stride and 
expect to make big sales in the 
next few years. 

The use of Artificial Intelli- 
gence is evidently going to be 
the mam feature of the next 
generation of machine transla- 
tion — it will hdp computer 
systems to make inferences 
from contexts. 

A question often asked in 
the West these days is: “What 
stage have the Japanese 
reached in machine 
| translation?” They are known 
to be particularly interested in 
AI applications and investing 
heavily in them in other fields. 

Several major Japanese 
companies are working on 
marhTwp translation. The 
complexity of the Japanese 

langnagc, which means that it 
has no chanra of becoming a 
lingua franca, even in Asia, 
land the huge translation 
requirement of a country with 
an exports-led economy, make 
translation, even more im- 
portant to Japan than to any 
Western coantry. 

So for, machin e translation 
has been mainly confined to 
the leading ' commercial and 

Quoiy? VasPoQue ? 

If your translation is fawlty, ask yourself 
the following questions. 

■ Does your translator offer the benefits of five years 
.. experience in machine translation? 

Does your translator have 

■ Extensive machine glossaries 

■ Expert machine translators 

■ Extensive typesetting facilities 

■ Full print administration 

■ Extensive computing resources 

Does your translator handle 

■ Full technical documentation 

■ Documentation debugging 

■ Documentation packaging 

■ Export 

■ Software duplication 

■ The complete service 

If the answers aren’t O-Que, contact 
Gil Holmes, ITT- ESC, 

PO Box 39, Harlow, Essex CM20 2SY. 
Tel [0279] 27822. Telex 81 7089. OK? 

= C 



for the first time in the histor y 
of onr world, a four-letter word 
means business in aD langoages. 

And when we say business we mean it. 

High-quality professional 
translations, performed In the 
country where the texts will be used. 
An expanding network of offices 
staffed with specialised national 
experts and link ed by electronic mail. 

Europeanization of software. 
Adaptation of advertising copy in any 
language. Multilingual document 
production from translation to 
printing. Integrated project and 
facilities management. 

Next time yon have a language 
problem, whatever its size, scope or 
complexity, don’t curse. Use a 
four-letter word and see how it works. 


Avon House, 350 Oxford Street WIN 9HA 
Telephone: (1)491.46.36 - Telex: 28800 

Milan / Munich / New York / Paris/ Tokyo/ Utrecht. 

“Since July 31st 1386. LEXT is our NASDAQ symbol 
on the Now York Stock Exchange (OTCj. 








Standardizing terminology across all the languages in 
which a modem corporation does business is essen- 
tial to eliminating costly ambiguity — when communi- 
cating with clients and suppliers, as well as within a 
company itself. 

INK uses proprietary, surprisingly cost-effective 
programs to generate dictionaries from a sampling of 
corporate documents. 

INK can provide dictionaries in all major Western 
European languages. And once installed, INK Corpo- 
rate Dictionaries can be maintained by users with INK- 
supplied software, and updated continuously to 
include the latest terminology. 

INK Corporate Dictionaries. Another reason why INK 
has become Europe's largest translation company 
Vf \f «* y specializing in translations for high 
tech and computer industries, 
of* to e t,v with 80 fulltime employees in 
s , o Amsterdam. Paris and Madrid. 


fogwstk services and so ftware 

CALL JAAP VAN DER MEER AT - 31 20 64 66 21 
P.O. Box 5477 / 1007 AL Amsterdam / The Netherlands 

Translation Service 
Doing Todays job 


Over die past 20 yean MENDEZ 
has become a CarmUai lace on die 
HUamuonai husmess scene, prondmg 
nansbtians and document production 
rat for major European and US. 
companies from all walks of industry, 
technology, services and commerce, as 
wen as rat -commercial organizations. 

Why do they come do Mendez? 
Because MENDEZ means service and 
value for money. Two decides of 
experience hart taught us two things: 
you have to move ahead of the limes, 
not with them; and what die 
customer warns is what be should set 


We ai MENDEZ brieve that the 
way to provide a high-quaky, regular 
mmsbuon service is TO anderranrf 
thorough!} a dicta's product. h& 
spedalaaJ rammotogy and to own 
in-house language. This teoutafee is 
convened into lermsHdogy data h*** 
which are regularly revised and 
updated in cooperation with our dams. 

And. of course, it goes without 
saying that our uansfcntns only ever 
transLue at to their mother raneue 
That should be rrue evsvwtete. 



W- at MENDEZ lav? out omt 
fufly-coordnuiei nt-hnese document 
production iux isme :hs Luest 

Sewrarsjn rhour.vpeiciting. User 
pnmms aw slfczroru pau suis-ip 

equipment, linkd direct It to out 
translators' word processors - and 
dramaikallj ranine down time 
and costs. 

You provide us with die ten 
and artwod. and well provide you 
with the compietai primed pmiuci or 
one or several languages, intituling 
design work. iHusinuions iphotographi 
and graphic anuorti and distribution. 



Right now MENDEZ s coopera- 
ting wwh several large companies who 
baie major translation requirements to 
provide the tool of the tenure : 
automatic translation Bv study inev our 
corapani's document needs and your 
special language and voezhuian. we 
can implnior inserts which will allow 
jou to translate vevaal hundred pages a 
cay bv just phonm® tip our computer. 
This has to be seen to he believed 


Coniac: Joe Mendez on Brussels 
i32 Ti wT‘0'3 or ante to us a: 
Mendez S A 

Avenue Franklm D Rowell S 
B • lti:0 Brussel, 

Teuv I !'>}■«. TeleuA : W 55 50 
We'd !*: Jetiti’v.cJ io u!k «nh joe. 



we Give You the service you deserve 


Rg.&? »&■§ IrSBSii* « ? sirs senses |g.S5-> 


\ / v .- . 
*• }*f ?‘ •• V ' 

. 'V», .V* 

;£* ■ - s " r ■/,; 

7 / 7 . 

Quite sim 

imply i 
ord ore 

it leaves 

other word processors 
lost for words. 

WordPerfect 4.1 includes 
many features not found in 
other word processors. 

Newspaper style columns 
can be displayed on screen, 
100,000 word phonetic 
dictionary word-count, 
background printing and 
automatic reformatting 
increase efficiency. 

Line drawing and rulers, 
sorting search and 
5-function maths are 
invaluable assets. 

The colour-coded template 
makes using WordPerfect 
simpler than you would 
believe. Most features are 


available with a single 
keystroke. This makes learning 
easier than ever before and 
using it a real pleasure. 

What you see on the screen 
is what will actually print 
This makes good professional 
layouts simple. 

Documents are treated as a 
whole and not a series of 
pages. Reformatting and 
repagination after editing are 
automatic and very rapid. 

However fast you type, you 
will never be too fast for 

To find out more, write to the 
address opposite. 


And see how WordPerfect 
delivers today what others are 
still searching for. 



Sentinel V\feUington House, 

New Zealand Avenue, 
V\felton-on-Thames, Surrey, KT12 lFY. 
Telephone: (0932) 231164. 

SSI Database 



Only rarely does an opportunity arise to play such a major part in the development of a new enterprise - with the name and backing of one of 
the world's major industrial institutions — yet enjoying hill autonomy and accountability. My brief is to End two experienced marketeers, 
probably in their mid to late thirties, with an impressive track record in the information technology or computer industry. Breadth of 
experience in these areas is of greater interest to my client than detailed technical expertise. A substantial negotiable package - including 
quality car - awaits the right candidates. 


Your product responsibilities are in the Eeid of optical data 
storage and retrieval media. Your brief will be to: 

- specify and evaluate new product research and 

- identify new markets, at home and abroad 

- determine product strategies 

- prepare and execute timely marketing plans 

- establish and maintain dose technical and commerdal 
liaison with key customer accounts 


You will establish and maintain a full data base and market 
intelligence information system on which to base your planning 
activity. Additionally, your responsibilities will be to: 

- initiate and evaluate appropriate market research projects, 
using external agencies as necessary 

- monitor competitor activity 

- define and implement the marketing planning process and 
determine the appropriate procedures and policies 

If you have the right mix of experience, ability and drive, contact ROGER LAENG quoting reference R4129 or R4130. 

Executive Facilities (Marketing) Ltd. Clive House. 21 A Conduit Place. London W2 1HS. Tei. 01-258 3621 (24 hour) 





[0753] 552061 

7 Lossie Drive, Iver, Ducks 5L0 DJR 

Licensed Recruitment Consultancy 

• Evening appointments where preferred 

Experienced Recruitment Specialists 
Computer Personnel 

Autonomous member 
of a diverse group. 

T/O £22 million pa. 

Based London N17. 

Modern office 
Realistic salary plus 

benefit package. 

Career progression 
opportunities have 
been identified. 

The Company is a well-established, 
successful specialist recruitment agency. 
Growth plans have been carefully developed 
and are now at an advanced stage of 

To achieve the Business plans, the 
Company now needs additional senior and 
semi-senior Recruitment Specialists, 
established in the computer personnel sector. 

Senior Consultants will lead highly 
motivated teams, control a profit centre and 
manage their own portfolio of clients. 

These opportunities wifi interest proven 
consultants ready for the total accountability 
role and capable of making a significant 
contribution to the total business strategy. 

To be considered for these challen g ing/ 
rewarding positions, male and female 
candidates should forward a detailed C.V. and 
letter of application. Absolute confidentiality is 

mmjaM i 


Denis Qohessy & Partners, 

1, Garrick House, 
Carrington Street, 

London W177LF. 
Telephone: 01 499 0321. 


Avionics/Naval Systems 
Process Control 

Mat hefnat^ca (/Scientific Programming 
If you have at least one year's e 
Ford Recruitment has Permanent 

Communications Voice and Data 
Local and Wide Area Networks 

> in any of the above, John 
ncies for SOFTWARE & 

HARDWARE ENGINEERS with Client Companies involved in 'State-ot- 
the-Art' Engineering in LONDON, HOME COUNTIES, SOUTH & WEST. 

Experience nl DEC systems and or Intel or Motorola micros would be advantageous 

SALARIES £9K to £30K 

Telephone John Ford today on 0442 40383 (Quote RelvwO. 

, Specialises In Real-Time Technical Computing. 





We are a lame international 

HM HHS»S! J^ng school £ 




COBOL 2 years plus exp. in commercial 
environment ESSENTIAL. IBM m#QCS 

RING 01 439 4911. 

Or send C.V. to Yaanin 
Ian Whrtemoss Associates, Regent House, 
235/241 Regent Street, London W1R 8JU. 

pased hi Central London and offera ai mu*. 
ive salary + commission package. 

If you are looking for an opportunity to ikp 
organisation write In stritt^Sl 

AL/PH on the outsife * ^ 



in the know with an eye on BP’s future 

f.4' .;«• 1 

. -r.«* ' 

* Zesitfa Data Systems - the 

- self-styled “sleeping giant” of 

* the personal computer m~ 
■ dostry — has a lot owe op its 

sleeve tiuui its plans to take an 

- rAlaa Sugar's Amstrad at the 

1 hut end of the PC market 

* would indicate. 

2 * In fact, the announcement 
; ;by the self-styled “sleeping 

!?U " . • 


**•“- •*.V'V • • * 

V-.v-v. / 

. •*•-«* * ' « -*•, 



David E gg l et o o : New breed of professionals fn information technology 

this powerfnl, new 

For Zenith, the announce- 
ment of what it ean« the “Z- 
386 sapennicro” pots it firmly 
in the bfe> leagues of the PC 
market and should greatly 
help its attempts to grow from 
a government and cor- 

sapplier to being a dealer and 
direct sales-based aU-nmnd 
competitor to the likes of 
Compaq and IBM — both of 
which hare prised a great deal 
of their success from an exten- 
sive dealer both in North 
America and Earope. Al- 
though the less than $7,000 (in 
feet $6,499 for the 40 Mb 
hard disc model and $7,499 for 
die 80Mb hard disk model) 
machine will not be available 
; in the US nntfl the end of the 
= first quarter, 1987 (with UK 
;; prices sdD not yk deters 
^mmedk die feet that ZeAti 

6 The difference 
between driving 
a Porsche 
.and riding 
a bicycle 9 

has such a machine ready 
/before IBM enhances die 
^company's reputation before it 
ptas even shipped its first 

! But Zenith wifi have to take 
account of the feet that 
Compaq has baa shipping Sts 
80386-based PC for tiro 
months and wffl have ahead 
start in selling the 380 tech- 
nology. The bet that Zenith is 
annmmfing now and sfcippng 
early next year is slightly 
'ironic, given its recent history 
in taking business away from 
IBM by virtue of Big Mae's 
own delay in ammmcmg its 
portable computer. 

Earlier this year. Zenith 
woo the lucrative US Internal 
Revenue Service contract for 
portable computers largely be- 
cause Zenith’s machine was 
ready to go and IBM’s wasn’t, 

The dine lag between 
announcement and s h ipment 
of the Zr386 is not rniawnri in 
the compoter industry and 
may merely have been a factor 
of Zenith wanting to make the 
initial unveiling of the ma- 
chine at this month's influen- 
tial Comdex show in Las 
Vegas, where company presi- 
dent Robert DOwerth sang the 
machine's praises. 

“OoerdM a Z-386 earn- 

pared to an SOTS-iased PL b 
the difference between driving 
a Porsche and rkfiog a 
bicycle,” he said. “Zenith’s 
high speed design makes the 
Z-386 the ideal w ork h orse for 
the Load Ansa Network 
(LAN) file servers, Computer- 
Aided Design (CAD), desktop 
publishing, window appOca- 
tion environments, artificial 
intelligence and program 

Only time w01 tefl whether 
the 2-386*5 design is also 
enough to pst Zenith's name 
in the PC market top 10. 


■ Computer* in fho City, 
Barbican, London, today until 
November 20 

■ British Telecom 
Network Strategy Conference, 
Sedgewick Centre, London 
Et, today and tomorrow (01- 

work to 
beat the 

By Frank Brown 

A major campaign to combat 
software piracy by computer 
users in businesses and 
organizations has been 
launched by the Federation 
Against Software Theft 
(FAST), an IT industry trade 
association based in London. 

The message that un- 
authorized copying of soft- 
ware is legally and morally 
wrong is ' being promoted 
through a floppy disc rived 
booklet entitled Thou shah 
not steal, which FAST is 
distributing to computer-us- 
ing organizations throughout 
die country. 

The booklet explains how 
the law protects software, and 
how unauthorized copying 
and use of .software damages 
the industry and users alike. 

launching the , campaign, 
FAST'S chairman Roger 
Tnkett, said: “Everyone now 
agrees software piracy is 
wrong. FAST is now asking 
major users to do something 

The police are how 
prosecuting commercial pi- 
rates and counterfeiters, he 
said, but FAST believes 
considerable unauthorized 
copying is taking place widun 
a number of computer-usbg 

MrTUkett said that FAST 
will be working together with 
the managements of these 
organizations to encourage all 
rfwrt pBTiip* and or ganizat ions 
which are licensed users of 
software to adopt appropriate 
policies and procedures. 

Last year, FAST staged a 
similar campaign called “Beat 
the Cheats” aimed at the IT 
industry, schools and educa- 
tion authorities. 

FAST was formed in 1984 
by a number of computer 
companies to lobby for mod- 
ernizing copyright law so that 
it provides foil protection of 
computer . software and 
microchip design. Member- 
ship includes more than 90 
firms and some trade associ- 
ations and is growing by about 
six a month; 

Its lobbying in Parliament 
met with a degree of early 
success with the Copyright 
(Compnter Software) Amend- 
ment Act, a Private Membere 1 
Bin wixfoh' became law in 
September 1985. 

Push from down under 

Australians are pushing forward in software and. are not 
backward in idling the work! about ft. Michael Johnson, the 
Australian senior trade commissioner, said at a conference in 
London to review the Australian computing-products industry: 
“Australian software technology has become recognized as 
bdneamong the best available ia the world. 

■ “The growth in the Australian market demand for p ac k ag e 
Solutions has been partly a function of the price of these prod- 
ucts compared io customs solutions and partly a response to the 
chronic shortage of qualified data-processnjg staff who can 
undertake contracted or in-house custom development.” . 



— tryoorcca^d^rocm 










608 1161) 

■ tflgfr Technology to 
Edu c atio n. Barbican, London, 
January 21-24 (01-608 

■ Videotex User Show, 
Barbican, London, January 28- 

■ Dexpo Europe, Olympia 

2, London, March 3-6 (01-486 

■ Computers in Retattw, 
National Exhibition Centre, 
Birmingham, March 11-13 
(01-222 9090) 

■ Cadcam 87, Metropota 

March 24-26 (01 

A lot of people would give 
their eye-teeth to know what 
David Eggleton knows. As 
head of Information Systems 
Administration for BP, 
Britain’s largest company, 
with a £40 billion turnover, be 
has a good idea of what new 
developments can be expected 
in information technology 
during the next few years. 

Not only does he know what 
BP plans to do with its £230 
million annual information 
systems budget (which ex- 
cludes the BP-owned Scicon 
Computer Services Company 
and Sohio) this year and five 
years hence, be is also privy to 
the future strategies of IBM 
and Digital Equipment, the 
two major players in the 
world's computer market. 

- This privilege is given only 
to a select number of high- 
powered international com- 
puter users who, quite 
naturally, must sign non- 
disclosure agreements. 

Reporting to the board of 
BP, Mr Eggleton has a lower 
complement of staff than he 
did 22 years ago when be was 
deputy head of management 
services at ‘the De Havilland 
Aircraft Company in Hatfield. 
Then he had more than 60 
people under him and two 
years ago at BP when he 
controlled 300 staff providing 
information technology ser- 
vices throughout the Group. 
Today he has just 14 staff 


By Eddie Coulter 

who between them are respon- 
sible for information policies 
and strategies which form the 
base from which Bp's many 
business streams conduct 
their computing, office sys- 
tems and telecommunications 

“Information in BP,” be 
says, “is regarded as a resource 
which ranks alongside cash 
and people. The role of 
Information Systems Admin- 
istration (ISA) is to provide a 
consistent infrastructure en- 
abling BP companies to ex- 
ploit information using 
information technology to 
provide a competitive ele- 
ment in their business 

His staff are not all informa- 
tion technology people. “They 
are high profile executives,” 
he explains. After spending 
two years on the ISA team, 
this new breed of professionals 
move into senior management 
taking information technology 
awareness to the heart of BP’s 
business streams. “They have 
a missionary role to play for 
information technology,” be 

He remains in the IT driv- 
ing seat aware that many ofbis 
policies will have to be im- 

plemented by BP'S 3^50 
information technology staff 

For such a high-powered 
position Mr Eggleton is a 
remarkably relaxed individ- 
ual. This could be explained 
by his main hobby — fishing 
for pike on the River Clare in 
Suffolk or with one of his two 
grown-up sons along the 
hanks of the Avon mid Severn. 

Born in Harefield, Middle- 
sex, from a working class 
background, Mr Eggleton now 
lives in Hertfordshire. He left 
Bristol University with a de- 
gree in aeronautical engineer- 
ing and joined De Havffland 
where he took a post graduate 
course in production engineer- 
ing. By I960 he was involved 
m O & M, production control 
and computer systems, as one 
of the early systems analysts. 

Maintaining his interest in 
production engineering, he re- 
mained with computers 
through systems analysis and 
management positions at 
Texas Instruments and Bab- 
cock and Wilcox before join- 
ing the process engineering 
group, APV, as data process- 
ing manager in 1967. 

“It was an amazing experi- 
ence at APV,” he says. “I was 
just 31 and the managing 
director pointed to an empty 
car park and said: this is 
where you will build your 
computer centre’.” 

Ten years later when he was 

with STC he was to turn down 
the offer of a production 
directorship with APV. 

He describes himself as an 
“IT mercenary, not a 
technocrat” as fair as BP is 
concerned. Many computer 
people in the company start 
their career at BP or join at an 
early age, he explains. He was 
headhunted in 1978 at the age 
of 42 from his position as 
group manager of Systems and 
Data Processing at STC 

He became assistant general 
manager of computer systems 
at BP and general manager 
when his predecessor retired 
later that year. 

By 1980 it was clear that 
information technology would 
have a strong penetration into 
the BP group as a whole and in 
1981 the ISA department was 
set up under Brian Hitch from 
Sohio in die United States. 

This coincided with the 
restructuring of BP into vari- 
ous business streams and re- 
sulted in the creation of 
Information Systems Facil- 
ities in 1983 with Mr Eggl e ton 
in charge. When Brian Hitch 
returned to Sohio in 1984, Mr 
Eggleton moved into the num- 
ber one information strategy 

As well as co-ordinating in 
IT policy worldwide, he also 
occasionally lectures at 
Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology (MIT). 









When it comes to A level exams, IS^ ra 6 

Thndon passes with flying colours. 1||m 4$ ^Toot# 0 * 

We have four computers in our l|jk TO- 0 * 1 

class of IBM AT compatible ’W* 

systems -that’s twice as many as 

most of our competitors. 11m * 

And as you would expect from Iga <0^'^ 

Thndon, all models offer you a tll% k 

choice of green or amber Ip* 

monochrome screens or the option ill* 
of a crisp colour display. “ 

That’s the kind of attention to 
detail you would expect from one of 
the world's longest established 
computer companies. 

We’ve been in the computer 0 „ 

manufacturing business for over business software, 
ten years. In facU it may surprise And to set you on the right course 

you to learn that the vast majority with your Thndon computer, we’re 

of installed IBM PCs are fitted with offering you a free copy of the 

Ihndon disk drives. Thndon in Action Software Guide - 1 

. And its because we manufacture 44-page prospectus packed full of 

more of the components for our detailed information about today’s 

computers that we can offer such powerful software packages, 

value for. money prices. Tb learn how your business can 

Typically; Thndon PCs are priced benefit from Thndon's A level 

around 40% below the equivalent successes, send off the coupon or 

offering from IBM. call Thndon. Isn’t it time you added 

• And whether its our 4 A level some Tkndon A levels to your PC 

computers that interest you or our qualifications? 

3PCT^tem S ,ai larc iBM 0527 46800. 

na n* inMcoaifcol launiLRKKUI Bufin-M Wjc&kir, Corporauua Pneeqmnri *Pf mammaM nsaU pnceusctudMA VAT Odour ipamtM vt 

price opam fari29S 



1- to* 

So you have immediate access to 
the world's largest library of ' 
business software. 

And to set you on the right course 
with your Ihndon computer, we’re 
offering you a free copy of the 
Thndon in Action Software Guide -a 
44-page prospectus packed full of 
detailed information about today's 
powerful software packages. 

lb learn how your business can 
benefit from Thndon’s A level 
successes, send off the coupon or 
call Tkndon. Isn’t it time you added 
some Tkndon A levels to your PC 

® 0527 46800. 

pack and my In* saThKur prospectus. 
The Headmaster. Ihndaa Computer lUKl 
Ltd. Freepost, Reddilcb. B97 4BR. 

Nature of Business 

f Employes | | Koaf insulted PC* j " ) 

1 £tf£tJ ® 

|^Less moneys mare micro. J 



C horizons]) 

A guide to 
job opportunities 

Planning for the good earth 

“Certain gardens and certain places have 
the same effect upon you as a fine 
painting or a stately building. Landscape 
is the poetry of place. All your senses are 
involved in the appreciation of land- 
scape. Although Nicholas Pevsner lias 
already pul forward architecture as the 
most comprehensive art form, the sister 
art of landscape design has an equal or 
greater claim to that title.” 

That was the answer given by John 
Medhurst when I asked him to define 
landscape architecture. He is one of two 
partners in the London Landscape 
Consortium, which has been responsible 
for many environmental improvements 
in London boroughs and the Docklands, 
as well as a great deal of work on projects 
such as motorways and bridges. 

An equally valid definition, perhaps, is 
the planning and design of external 
space. This can be on any scale, from the 
design of private gardens to the 
rehabilitation of laigs derelict industrial 

An outstanding instance of this is the 
Stoke-on-Trent National Garden Festi- 
val sited on 164 acres formerly occupied 
by Shelton Steelworks. Before the trans- 
formation, it was described by Roger 
Butler, landscape architect in the parks 
and recreation department of the city 

The number of registered 
landscape firms is rising 

council, as a “desolate moonscape that 
typified all the problems Stoke had faced 
during its reclamation programme". 

More than half the Landscape 
Institute's members are in public 
employment, with about 5 per cent in 
leaching and the rest in private practice. 
Recently there has been an increase in 
the number of registered landscape 
practices. There is also a slow but 
continuing trend for firms of architects 
and civil engineers to take landscape 
architects on to their staff. Job prospects 
for the newly qualified remain good. 

Those in public sector employment 
are usually to be found in the planning, 
architect's or parks departments. David 
Randall, chief landscape architect of 
Berkshire, is also assistant county plan- 
ning officer. Planners, he says, are 
waking up to the fact that they can 
impose certain conditions on devel- 
opers. They can insist that buildings are 
properly sited and their settings properly 
designed. As a result, developers are 
realising that good landscape plans are 
often the easiest way of getting planning 

“But we have no business as a 
planning authority saying to a developer 
that he must perform well in landscape, 
unless wc are prepared to do it ourselves 
on our own property. We must set an 

One such example consisted of the 
landscaping around the New Shire Hall. 

Landscape is described 
as the poetry of place 
and its appreciation 
involves all your senses. 
Joan Llewelyn Owens 
takes a closer look at 
the work of the 
environmental architect 

When the land was acquired from the 
Ministry of Defence, it was specified that 
the public should have free access to the 
grounds. Without wardening and fences, 
horticultural showmanship had to be 
ruled out. 

The object was not to attract people to 
come to stare but to make a pleasant 
setting for the buildings and reduce 
maintenance. “That is why you find the 
amount of mown grass is restricted to the 
front and there is massive use of ground 
cover.” .Another example was that of an 
internal courtyard to the library at 
Woodley, which bad been laid out as a 
Japanese garden. 

All landscape design within the county 
council said Mr Randall was now 
focused within the one department One 
side of their work was concerned with 
implementation — the design and the 
carrying out of work on schools, social 
service buildings, libraries and roads. 

The other side involved advice, not 
only to their planning colleagues within 
the department but also to district 
planning officers over the landscape 
impact of their larger schemes. Land- 
scape advice was always sought by 
planners when waste management or 
mineral operators sent in proposals for 
the opening up of new sites. 

“The landscape architect in this sort of 
authority," stressed Mr RandaU, “has to 
be constantly alert to the opportunities 
that arise." One case he cited was that of 
an idle oddly-shaped piece of land in the 
grounds of a comprehensive school, 
which was turned into an environmental 
teaching area. 

Some of the work undertaken by 
landscape architects in private practice is 
similar to that carried out in the public 
sector. John Medhurst often designs and 
supervises landscape schemes for civic 
buildings, urban paries and local 
authority housing, as well as for power 
stations, universities and office 

We visited some of the environmental 
improvements he had designed for the 
London Docklands Development 
Corporation and local councils. ‘"Simply 
by planting a tree in urban London you 
are helping to make that particular place 

more acceptable to people,” he said. 

One stop we made was at Jubilee 
Crescent, an old people's home ran by 
the Ship Workers’ Jubilee Housing 
Trust Here, a service road with brick 
paving and bays for cars ensured that 
they weren’t parked on the semi-circular 
lawn, which was divided into segments 
by low hedges of rosemary and vibur- 
num. Each house had a bed with a 
retaining wall which individual tenants 
had filled with their own choice of 

We also walked in the spacious garden 
of a hospice, which had once been a mass 
of builders’ rubble, and was now a 
tranquil place where patients could sit 
and perhaps be soothed by its imagi- 
native lay-out 

Mr Medhurst’s firm is small There are 
many much larger practices, with con- 
tracts both at home and overseas. In the 
UK. they may be involved in lug schemes 
such as landscaping for trunk roads, 
canal banks, dams, whole new towns, 
business and science parks, public parks, 
garden festivals and land reclamation. 

Government asks them to assess the 
environmental impact oC for example, 
new power stations or the Channel 
Tunnel In the Middle East they have 
designed the settings for new cities and 
universities, while the partners are often 

There is more than one 
roote to qualification 

appointed as environmental consultants 
by overseas governments. 

The principals of certain firms are 
sometimes dually or even triply quali- 
fied. These is more than one route to 
qualification. Some people take a post- 
graduate course after obtaining a first 
degree in architecture, planning, horti- 
culture, engineering or geography, or 
another relevant discipline. 

Over half take an undergraduate full- 
time course (usually of a sandwich type). 
A few do it the hard way, through the 
Landscape Institute's own examinations. 
The recognised professional qualifica- 
tion is Associate of the Landscape 
Institute. Applicants must gain graduate 
membership of the Institute, complete 
two years' professional experience and' 
pass the Institute's professional practice 
examination (Pan 4). 

Sir Geoffrey JeUicoe, first President of 
the International Federation of Land- 
scape Architects, called landscape 
architecture “the healing profession”. 

Today, this statement is truer than 
ever, as the landscape architect strives to 
make something reasonably acceptable 
which otherwise might not be. Land- 
scape architects are essentially problem- 
solvers. There is no room for willowy 
characters who lack business and prac- 
tical skills. 

Careers literature is available from 
The Landscape Institute, 12 Carlton 
House Terrace, London, SW1Y 5 AH 


£16011 rising to £17160 

York City Council is committed to a high sued aid 
of service delivery and has created this new post to 
make a major contribution to improving 
organisational performance. 

The poslholdcr will head-up a 
group which will help (he 
Council achieve greater value 
for money, efficiency and 
effectiveness within iu 
operations. The group 
will review organisation 
structures and staffing levels, 
evaluate existing ways of 
working, develop new ones 
and rapidly identify solutions 
lo problems detected in the 
management and delivery of 


Candidates should have an appropriate management 
qualification together with extensive managerial 
experience including advising on performance issues. 

A clear tmdcnmndiqg of local 
government is necessary along with 
tire ability to quickly establish productive 
relations with service managers. 

For written details and an 
application form 1 phone York 
(0904) 650051 or write to tie 
Head of Personnel Services, 
Guildhall, York YOl 1QN. 

Please quote rtf PR1JST. 

Closing date: Friday 5 December. 




We think varied Hestyles need to be variable to people with 
mental handicaps so that each person can find a way of fife that 
suds him/her 

Now we need an experienced flexible worker to help people who 
want to five m a group, or individually, in homes of their own. 
If you know how to do this and want to get out of the Wot day to 
Friday routme, send for more details of: 

* our work with colleagues in MEN CAP, Housing & Health 

* and our range of accommodation, social education and support 



LEVEL 3 - £10,902 - £12,342 inclasive 

For informal dtscusaon. contact Beth Barker (Group Manager) on 
01-478 3020. 

Application form available from: 

Director at Social Santos, 

Personal Services Directorate. 

17/23 Ctemerts Road. 

Word. Essex. 

or tetephms 01-478 3028 ed 4146. 

Please quale ReL No: 317. dosing date: 28.11.86 (C5689) 




■Applications are invited for an 
Executive Secretary post in the 
British Dental Association. Duties will include the 
preparation of agendas, minutes and other pa- 
pers for the major Committee of the Association 
which negotiates on behalf of 17,000 general 
dental practitioners in contract with the National 
Health Service. There will also be an opportunity 
to develop other duties and responsibilities. 

Experience of public sector committee work is 
desirable. Ability to write concisely to tight dead- 
lines is essential. This is not a secretarial 
position. Salary on a scale £11,130-£1 4,469. 

Please apply in writing to the Secretary, British 
Dental Association, 64 Wknpok* Street, London 
W1M 8AL, giving details of previous appropriate 
experience and any examples of written work. 
Closing date: November 21, 1966. 

Directorate of Environmental Services 


P06 £13,653 - £14,862 per annum 

Applications are invited from registered 
architects with extensive experience in a senior 
appointment in an Architectural Design Office 
in Local Government or similar practice, for the 
post of Principal Architect 
This officer is responsible for the overall 
control and direct io n of the Architectural and 
improvement Service within the Directorate and 
for the effective organisation and deployment 
of the section's staff and other resources to 
achieve agreed design and construction 

The post carries an essential user car 

Application forms and further information can 
be obtained from Group Ad min i s t rati on, 
Directorate of Env ir o nmenta l Services, Ystrad 
Fawr, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed (Telephone 
Hengoed 815588 Ext 224) to where they must 
be returned not later than 28th November. 

1S86. aMitnt 



P07 £14,1 00/£1 5,243 

An experienced local government lawyer is 
sought tor a key post in the Councfl Solicitor's 
service to head a team of three Solicitors 
providing legal advice and undertaking legal 
work for the Housing. Social Services and 
Education and Arte Committees, Including 
attendance at Committees and advocacy before 
Courts and Public Inquiries. If you wish to 
discuss the post, please telephone the Assistant 
Councfl Solicitor. Teh 0204 22311 ExL 1104. 
Ap pPca tton forms are available from the 
Personnel Officer, Personnel Services, Town 
HaH Bolton BL1 IfttJ (Tel: Bolton 381632) to 
whom same should toe returned by 3 rd 
December. Reg i st e red Disabled Persons are 
invited to apply. 

Art Etpud Opportunity Employer* 



To be responsible for dealing with major 

Development Control Safi Hi respect of 
proposals affecting Listed Buildings; to give 
advice, to the pubic to the case of Historic 
BuMbigs and to administer Historic Building 
Grants (including the Fare ham Town 

Appficants should be Chartered Town 
Planners and/or Architects with experience of 
dealing with Listed Buildings. 

Scale SOI; essential user car allowance, 
disturbance package to £1750 ind. a 
satisfying work toad. 

There is also an out of London 
allowance of pggfi per annum, 
working hows; staff restaurant and modem 
office in Godaimtag. 

For further details and application form, 
write to Ken Barnes, Waveriey Borough 
Councfl, The Burys, Godalming, Surrey, GU7 
IWt, or t e l e phon e JuBe AparK on G udte m i ng 
28173 (24 hour an s w ering service). 

Closing date: 21st November, 198a 

fQl Borough of Waveriey 



London Circa £13,500 jxa. 

We are a mhwamh il and pro gn a ai ve Homing Trust 
controlling a Group of bousing organisations with sorts 
of £42 million and a mtihi- mil lion pound capital 
pi o giamro e . The Group provides homes for 10,000 
people through a combination of public and private 
funding and has an amnia! turnover of £3.6 million. 

We are now seeking to fill a newly created post of 
Company Secretary 10 uke over responsibility for and 
acting as adviser for the in t erp retat i on and 
imptesnemaiion of bridling and new legislation affecting 
the Group and its activities. The post holder will also 
service Trustee aod Committee Management meetings of 
the Group. 

Applicants should have sound similar experience, 
particularly of advising on matters of law and have the 
meticulous eye for detail and organisation which is the 
key to the success of (his post. A knowledge of bousing 
would be an adv anta ge, but not essential. 

The post reports to the Assistant Director and attracts a 
good salary, which is reviewed after 6 months in post and 
annually, with a non-contributory pension scheme, 22 
days holiday and luncheon vouchers. 

For application form and fob 
description contact: 

Jfoannc Motes, Paso no d Officer 
Samuel Lewis Group 
Knight's Coon, 6/8 St John's Square 
London EC1 4DE 
Telephone 01-251 6091 


Deputy Rector 
Salary: £29,589 incl 

The Polytechnic wishes to appoint a Deputy Rector. 
Appfications are invited from wefl qualified candi- 
dates with extensive experience of senior 
responsibility in higher education institutions and 
leadership qualities*. 

PLC is a broadly-besed institution at the forefront of 
academic and professional education, research and 
continuing education. The Faculties of the Polytech- 
nic comprise Communication, Engineering & 
Science, Environment, Languages, Law, Manage- 
ment Studies and Social Sciences and Business 

Further detaBs available from the Personnel Officer, 
PLC, 309 Regent Street London W1R 8AL, to 
whom appfications should be made in writing en- 
closing full curriculum vitae. 

Closing Date: 5 December 1988. 




£15,000 c 

(depending sa e x perie nc e) (imranestel scabs) 

Tor W 

We are a weB-estabished growing charity providing 
pioneering and innovatory projects to the corrtnkrtty for 
people. We have a good reputation for our s c hemes 
s, young women in care and at risk of 
care ana Homeless young people, and wa need to continue 
to increase our vetuntary income in order to develop our 
work. We are seeking a Director of Appeals to develop our 
hindraising programme, particularly tarn trusts and other 
corporate sources. We require someone with considerable 
relevant fundratefog experience who wffl bring creative and 
imaginative ideas to this org an i sati on. Our area of work 
poses a considerable challenge tar tin small fundrtfsing 
team, yet offers an opportunity to be part of trying to 
provide a 'better 1 futoB for young people. 

Further detaBs and appfic a fi on form from Richard Kay, 
Director, The Rainer Rxntatioa. 227/239 Tootoy Street, 
London SE1 2JX, Tet 01-403 4434. 

Closing dais for appfcations: December 1. 1986. 

of equal 

no employee or lob appticant mcetiras less ft * vurable 

treatment because of race, cotour, ethnic or national 

origins, sax, marital status, family respons&ily. OsabSty. 
sexuaBy. class, ago. ration or by mason of being an 



(Domestic Services Department 
Salary Scale: £6,551-X7,689 pa inc 

The post is available on a temporary basis 
until 17th July 1987. 

In addition 10 the usual secretarial duties the posih older 
will be responsible for the maintenance of Domestic Staff 
records and will assist in the preparation of clock cards 
and other administrative tasks. There is pkmtv of 

y will also 

opportunity for meeting people as the seemary 
act as receptionist and deal with all initial enquu 
busy Domestic Office. 

enquires to the 

We are therefore looking for someone with good 
secretarial skills (shorthand would be an advantage), 
pleasant personality, and the ability to organise their own 
areas of work. 

Further details and an application form am obtainable 
from the Personnel Departnenr at das above a ddre ss or 
(el; 405 9200 Ext 228. A/A21 

Arcftitectoral Assistants 

(UretaBaimaer Uadon Ndgntfeg) 
Technical Grade 1 
0Rdediftsl£*r Sedan 1 Weighting) 

vreanefes m existing project warns andrs m 
£?£?£» SfoSfl dSm ■sams for an 

expanding workload. 

The teams undertake 
construction of new «3Urts.Pc^ 
residential buSdlngs. laboratories, computer 
h to teB a Bon s etc. in addi tion there are vac ancas 
in teams deafing with alteration and extension 
work offering valuable site experience. 

Successful cantfidates w® be expected to 
TOSJapcwtiWBContrflxittonto the work of the 
team and initiative is encouraged. 

•me Office is recog nised ft* 

and encourages staff tot ail aspects of 

professional training metutfing day releases. 

For PTO you need ONC/BTEC/ 
SCOTVECfNC) or the equivalent or higher m the 
mupf tpria to subject plus practical experience. 

For Technical Grade 1 you reed a City & Ba lds 
Advanced Craft quafification and 
recognised apprenticeship or passessMaCETJisro 
otCSE (Grade 1). Several years practical experience 
are also required. 

An ptipgrinn forms and further details are available from 
foe Est ab lishment Officer, Metropolitan Potice Office, 
Room 213 (PSD/AA), 105 Rfrorroy Steel. London 
SW1P 4AN or telephone 01-203 3122 (24 hour 
answering service). 

The Mate* 

Ctosing date: 9th Decamber 1986 


General Manager 

Cfwyd Health Authority is seeking a replacement for its 
General Manager, Donald Cope, who wffi be retiring in 
foe tale Spring of 1987. 

Candidates fra this demanding appointment will need 
to be stole to demonstrate a high level of managerial 
competency, a convincing record of achievement in the 
public or private sector and a capacity to operate 
successfuHy in a complex muttHfcriptinaiy 

The Authority is responstote for the management of a 
network of hospitals and health facilities spread 
throughout foe county. It has a revenue budget of 
around £85m, a 10 year capital development 
programme of some £80m, and employs over 7,500 
staff. There is no Regional Health Authority in Wales 
and foe Authority enjoys a large measure of autonomy 
in foe exercise of its functions. 

The appointment wffl be for a fixed term of between 
three raid five years and may be ext raided by mutual 
agreement The salary is currently under review, but 
wH be not less than £38,000 p.a. inclusive of an 8.5% 
discretionary supplement A hither performance 
related supplement may also be earned. 

Informal enquiries may be made direct to Donald Cope 
- also on Mold 2171. 

Aa apptieatlmi tarn and further detofls may be 
obtained Irani foe Authority's Personae! Officer at 
‘Preswyfia’. Heady Read. tfeU, Cfwyd, telephone 
NteM (8352) 2171, ext 252. 

Completed ap pli ca fiDe s should be retaued to. foe 
Mtarily’s CtaiiK, Mr. EJfl.W.firiffifo, Greenfield, 
Trefsant, Denbigh, Ctwyd, by Friday, 5th Decem be r, 



£1 0,902-El 2,630 

The Cornea's substantial property interests and 
development programme ensures an interesting and 
varied workload. You will have an absorbing range 
of conveyancing responsibilities including purchase 
of. tend and properties, leases, contracts, end 
agreements particularly including commercial 

Preferably you should be qualified to Associate level 
of the Institute of Legal Executives and ideaBy have 
some local government experience. 

Assistance with housing: lufl removal expenses. 
Hexltime: Superannuation and Sick Pay Schemes. 

tote#™® John Barron 
an Watford (0923) 26400 ext 269. 

Partic tfara o f the post and an appftcation toon, to 
be returned fry 1st December 1986, may be 
obtained from tore Personae! & Management 
Service* Officer, Town Hall, Wattotd WD1 SEX 
(telephone: Watford 40175, 24 hour AnswetphoneL 

The Connca Is an Equal Oppo r t u ni tie s 




JS South East Thames 
m Regional Health Authority 


fSAA Grade) 

Salary EJL562 - £10,436 p*. 

Apgicailpns are untied bora auctm u d and artkiiaw notiata* 

(SAA Grade) 

EA582 - £10/436 pie. 



i IS **0) * <5 jxg 1 1 J tfa »7.VJ g [§!!< 3 i ‘>3 a ;< K1 l5Ei3 




Salary era £18,500 pa pbs cap 

Le 5!jj* Houaing That if a major Housing Charity, based in 
2™ ?* •****& wgamsarioos,^ it b» been bmidmg tomes 

19Q5 . ■ ■ vyi w ai K l M ^ AM A4/IMAIU iUW U1C JU U U 1 C»l 

F^g wgh d edinin g Gorenuaem investment in housing the Samuel Lewis 

” P °” u * g T fn st ■* a newprogranuneio tackle these two problems, 

using private sector finance and re sour ce s. 

be “. cre ““i to manage the work of four professional project 
tranwt o create anffunplemem the new pnweanune as well as a substantial 

performance and fi nancia l viability of all die tennc 

, . iw wuuu uan; a inumwiaj qMimomon or 

comparable experience with a private practice, development c ompan y, urban 
local authority or bousing association. 

Please write with foil C.V. and details of present salaty to: 

Stephen Hill, MA ARICS, • 

Development Controller, 

Samuel Lewis Housing Trust. 

M Sl John’s Square 
London EC1M 4DE. 

Tel- 01-251 6091 


Salaiy: £18,009 - £21,144 pa (in d) 

(Pins Essential Gar User Allowance) 

Semite Homo lid. a Rcenemd Hoadac Anodarioa and Charity, ta a vacancy at Its cental 
office to South KamegMB. for a Chief H ons hu Maascec 

The Agoriation o p er ate in three totac London and »-* East, West »<*»■* and 
Mosewde. H has a nxonoed poneexmg rale hi ibe fieM of the ddeilr and, ia die Loadon and 
South tot area., is nho involved in general frmSyaud special needs bousing. The AraocaKkm 
has 3.000 dwdlnus under ""“T"" 1,11 and a father 900 ia the p frcKne. 

The person ap po inted » fas poetswChceroeacd to c bwolh fate the woritefafl the wottog 
pmics csne&ny involved m exunmurg booms iiii mg r ni m i nrnrtRnti Yriflim flir Aiinriwinn 
and will have a hey rate in inwdqaegtgig the acwsttatbrts and proced ur es. As a Qticf Officer 
iff Hr A — rr^-i tir/iftr -rill itm hr nprrtrrt in mtiilniar ir rr rmt r thr m i i mrmrn i of fts 
Agoe ari oo as a whole aad amkt ia fto fananUntton of policy. . 

The AHedafan is seeks* » appoint a matin; sdfawhwlav pees* who has the daBty to 
lead « way capable housng mmgesaein ton of time Regional Honing Manages. Homes 
Aom nfaca ao a Officer and M t eu g naeat Serv i ces Officer m providing ms ra n sui ae and 
professional a service in oar tenants and rcsidemsiaroroible. The arasnsMrepfcaat wanted 
to have sofed housing i naiuguur i tt e ip c ika ce and a proven record at acfciwanga as senior 
management lewd. 

Where D e cenary grnrroat irlutstwip raprmrs wU be paid. • 

For Application Form aad fimber detaib please coatacb- 

SenatR Momak 
S trife Hoses Ltd 
125 Old Brampton Road 
London SW7 3RP 
Tet (§1) 370 5466 

Closing Cafc 33td December 1986. * 

Servile Homes Ud b n apfcararia g an egad ow wl anW et poficy. 


Assistant Secretary 

ICRF is a leading cancer research institute of international 
repute: ft is also a registered charity and relies on public 
support to continue its fight against cancer. 

We are embarking on a period of considerable expansion 
and Ibis new administrative position wiR provide involvement 
in developing the future poRcies of the Fund, servicing its 
Committees and Working Parties plus general assistance in 
the Secretariat Office. 

The post offers the opportunity of acquiring broad 
administrative experience and requires a graduate, in the 
age range 30-35, with some administrative experience in the 
pubHc sector, a University or similar organisation. Some 
experience with legal matters would be an advantage. 

Salary In range £16 - 22 K. 

For further information and appfication form write to 
Ms S. M. Hurley, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, 44 
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PX, quoting reference 
25/87. Closing date 12 December 1986. 


£*8,391 to £ 1 0,1 64 

To join a young team responsible for all aspects of committee 
administration in a district noted for its dynamic growth and 
rapkffy expanding services. 

This hew post will take over the responsibility for servicing the 
Planning Committee, and applicants must have the ability to 
write minutes and reports to meet exacting deadlines and be 
capable of maintaining good working relationships with senior 
officers and members of the Council. 

Previous experience of Committee or similar work will be an 
advantage in meeting the demands of this post which will 
provide the holder with valuable experience of the work of a 
Local Authority. 

Generous lodging and relocation expenses will be paid in 
appropriate cases. 

Pleasant working conditions and a subsidised staff restaurant. 
For an application form returnable by 28th November. 
1986, please telephone our 24 hour answering service on 
B asi ngstoke (0256) 479443, or write to the Personnel 
Manager, Civic Offices, London Road, Basingstoke. Hamp- 
shire RG21 2AJ. 

Previous applicants need not/e -apply as they will automatically 
be recon sidered. 25A 


WEMBLEY Conference Centre 

fit addition to many Conferences and RihDn Lioa a Wembley Conference Centre 
operates a busy and expanding programme of ente rt ainmen t w »ni» y qqw 
B a cking to fiB a k ey rare in its ™n »pim» rrt nm. 


Salary up to £14,000 per annum 

The reroop&griBtiea wiH include the detaSed pfenning ami day to day management, 
primarily of entertainment events, with involvement at times on Conferences aim 

Bn l occ emfa l candidate should poneaa relevant experience gamed within the lei- 
sue and Entertainment Industry. We are looking for a person who is young (25-40) 
and energetic; n o ne Be i ng g ood a imniMti o iia l Bkflfc and fare the afcffity to coanmni- 
«t ell Iwth. WffingBMS to ■rot imutkl ImiH mil ahllity fry ryw tte itwU 

pressure are nmrntial 

Please apply in writing enclosing wnr CV and current salary detaib to Life P Wale, 
PeraojmeJ/todnstrial R rfst a rm a M an ager . Wembley Stadium T-hmtort, Wembley, 
HA9 ODW. 1 

App h catiopa to be received fay 24th November 1986- 



Applications are sougto from qualified Accountants who 
viishto accepi the challenge oifaed by this post in the 
Accountancy Section of a public authority which is 
becoming increasingly commercial in its outlook. 

The Section is looking to improve is management 
accounting service, and the successful applicant will 
pby an active rote in thiswwk. particularly in thefidd of 
Transport and Plant repotting. 

The other key respons&ffities at this post are staff 
management, management of the fixed asset system, 
investment appmisal, and capital monitoring. 

The post is located in the modem Divisional Hffld- 
quar&s at BANGOR, dose to the Snowdonia National 

The salary is within the range f11,619-f14,421 
dependant upon experience. Disturbance Allowance is 
payable in ap pro priate cases. 

from the DbisioRal Personnel Manager, Wffish Water, 

U57 2DJ (Tel: Bangor 351144. Ext. 198/223). 

Closing date for the receipt of completed appfication 
forms is the 1st December. 1986. 

This is a Readvertisement and previous applicants need 
rw apply. 


Research Officer 

Up to £12394 

An opportunity to use your analytical skills 
to help improve the effectiveness of local 
services in Berkshire. The County 
Council's central Research & Inteffigence 
Unit has a vacancy for a Research Officer 
and we are looking for someone with 
fiexfoffity and imagination to undertake 
research studies In a variety of subject 
areas. You wffl Join a team of professional 
officers working on projects for the Chief 
Executive, service Departments and 
elected Members. 

Appfacants for fins challenging senior 
position should be graduates of a 
numerate discipline with, several years 
work experience in a .relevant field. 
Starting salary, up to the maximum 

quoted, wiH be dependent on qualifications 
and experience. 

Further details and an application form 
can be obtained from fire County 
Research & Intelligence Officer, Shire 
Has, SNnfiekl Park, Reading RG2 9XO. 
Tefc Reading 875444 Ext 3021. 

Closing date 1st December 1966. 

An Eguaf Opportu ni ty Employer 

5K Royal County 
^ of Berkshire 

P« | 

Scale 23 

£13,70ft£17,3Q0 M- 

We are embarking on the in- 
troduction of management 
budgeting in out Comrruruty 
Unit and we requss a Finan- 
dal fttetager to lead the pro- 
ject. This ts an exciting project 
and vs would therdore aid- 
come applications hum enth- 
usastie and suitably quafified 

this post 

for furtlw advancement eillw 
m financtal or general manag- 

Mr. Sieve Anderson. Director 
of Resources, would be happy 
to discuss the post with inter- 
ested candidates (telephone 
Plymouth 793793). 

Farther details, job desertp- 
tkw and ara&cs&aa tom 
be ofabired trcn **' 

Ptymsufe HeaBh 


Requires all level of acc- 
ountancy and audit staff, 
at competitive rates. In 
complete confidence pl- 
ease send full C.V. to: 

D Webb & Co. 
14b Norco! Road, 
Tftehnfsf, Reading 

or telephone 
David Webb on 

0734 410501 


Chief Leeal and 
A dmimstvative Officer 

PO ( 46 - 49 ) £ 16 -"6 - £ 17,916 pa 

The ease for your next more up 

If your brief is the chaDcnge of a ma n a ge ria l 
post offering a hi«b dqpte of autonomy in a 
progressive Local Authority, then why not 
irv Copeland? 

Copeland is a beautiful part of the country 
based on the fringe of the Western Lake 
District. • 

This key position in the Chief Executives' •- 
Department has been esabfisbed following • 
a recent review of the authority's services. 
You will have (he opportunity of playing a 
Icading/ole. with a tegh degree of 
autonomy m the continued development of 
the administrative and legal sections of the . 

MeaDy, you wffl be a 
solichor with wide - 
e xp erience in Local 
Government and be 
aHe to display the 
high level of 
and managerial 

Copeland Bcmx^tCatedl 

skills .. / 

necessary k 
for this L\ 

The Council 'wX 
offers an 

attractive HNSkX 

relocation wKv 

rn A g f y, boujane, v! 
flexible working hours, > 
35 Vr hour working week, 
essential user car allowance. 
Interested male and female 

Raymond- Woods. Conadtant, on 
091-261 4044 (officejor 091-489 2231 
(evenings/weekends after 7.00 pm) 
or write to him ai 

Austin Knight Selection, Erick House, 

Princess Square. Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ER 
Quoting rtf. NS 113. m . 


Knight Z 

and Documentation 

Ifekm Baokof Swiizeriaxid (Secunties) Ltd.; is a leading partidpsixt in 

tibitJEniatkmalC^ftaiMarkiBbB- - 

s^nenceof IzrterzB^kmal Capital Market transactions witha major 

In addition toattfacti^ coro pm satia^ 

detaDing flwrcareerhisfcOiyta 

Unko Bank of Switzcriand 


Stock ExcfaangeBmloixig, 
LonckazEG2NlEy. . 

Union Bank 




Re-adverdsement for the post oft- 


at die Company’s offices at Ricfcmansworth, Herts. 
Commencing salary within range £14,750 to £16370. 

The current postholder is retiring and this presents 
an ideal opportunity for a solicitor with some post- 
qualification experience, who enjoys working largely 
on their own initiative, to widen experience in or 
enter a public service industry. 

The position is permanent and pensionable (trans- 
fers can be accepted) and conditions of employment 
good. In appropriate cases, assistance will be given 
with relocation expenses and mortgage. 

The variety of duties includes conveyancing, cont- 
ract law, landlord and tenant, common law, county 
court work and assistance in the preparation ana 
application for Statutory Orders and Company 
Byelaws, as weD as giving legal advice to other 
departments in the Company. 

If further information is required, contact the 
Company Secretary or Solicitor on fuckmansworth 
(0923) 776633. 

Letters of application and detailed CVs should be 
sent to: 

The Personnel Officer, 
Bktanansworth Water Company, 

London Road, 


Herts. WD3 1LB. 

Trower, StiH & Keeling 


Trower. Still & Keeling require enthusiastic Solicitors 
to work in theirexpanding commercial property section, 

'i which services a variety of interesting institutional diems 
providing demanding and challenging instructions. 
Candidates will preferably haw at least 2 years’ 
experience since qualification and should be capable of 
(and enjoy) working under pressure and meeting quick 
response deadlines. We arc also looking for persons with 
.1 capacity for camaraderie. 

Successful candidates will be offered a competitive 
salary together with other usual benefits. 

Please send lull curriculum vitae, in confidence, to: 

Sitiwltv Hiil> 

Trvtucr, Still Keeling 

5 \\v Sjiiarv, Lincoln's but. London IlOd 3RP 



ffl Solicitors seek ambitious hard 

U working solicitor to undertake 
|J conveyancing in progressive 

1 go-ahead firm. 

B Modern offices. Excellent 

H prospects for successful 

1 applicant. 

| Telephone 


| (0483) 577091 f 


J Ref BG | 


SALARY TO £15,468 

A keen energetic solicitor is required to join 2 legal 
section which serves a busy and progressive 
authority. Newly qualified solicitors mil be 
considered. The succesful applicant, who will have 
the opportunity to anend committee meetings, will 
handle conveyancing, litigation (including advocacy) 
and general legal work. Duties are ideal for 
candidates seeking farther experience in a wide range 1 
of legal duties and undertaking these on their own 

Mole Valley is an extremely attractive District 
situated in the Green Belt with many areas of 
outstanding natural beauty. The district is well served 
by road and tail with access to the M25 within IQ 
minutes drive of the new centralized offices and 
London SO minutes by uain. 

Conditions of empfoymeni include: 

Staff Restaurant 

Car Loro and allowance 

Up to £5245 relocation alkm-ance 

Access to BUPA group scheme 

Payment of Practising Certificate 

Temporary Accommodation 

For an hdonnal dial about the position contact Tony K 
Cumow Dorking 88500 1 ext 124 or obtain particulars te 
and an application form by telephoning the Personnel if 
Section on Dotting (0306) 76230 (2i hours). 

Closing Date 7.1186 


We urgently need i* our office in St toe. a tJinwnp mantel 
tOWl 15 minutes {ram Cambrrige, a recently aUrmrtca 
Assistant Solicitor or experienced Legal Executive to oaal 
with a large vaJuma of varied domestic conveyancing wane. 
Please apply to: 

Day & Son (RMK) 

18 The Broadway 
St hres 

Cambridgeshire PE17 4BS | 

gaa bbs 5 ?sgfij»rairr*£ ss35»> 





LONDON Subs ta n ti al salary 

Amerada Hess Limited, a subsidiary of Amerada Hess Corporation, the 
world's 18th largest oil company has been involved in the North Sea since 
1964. We are a rapidly developing organisation directed by an all-British 
management, with a substantial income from non-operated production 
and with expanding exploration acreage in North West Europe. 

As part of this development process we are looking for a solicitor or 
barrister to assist the Company’s Legal Advisor and who will have a good 
grounding in commercial law and experience in -the oil industry, with 
particular emphasis on exploration and production licensing agreements 
and joint operating agreements. The person appointed will be responsible 
for the preparation of legal documentation including licensing applications 
and bidding agreements, tor negotiations and documentation relating to 
the acquisition of new acreage and for the preparation of drilling contracts 
and service contracts. 

The career prospects are excellent and the rewards and benefits package 
will reflect the importance of this appointment 

Applications giving full relevant details 
should be addressed to: 

P.W. Brown, 

Personnel Manager, T~ ^1 

Amerada Hess Limited, IRMERHDRI 

2 Stephen Street, I ■ i r"*r— n— * I 


Tel: (01) 636 7766 * 


£14,000 -£18,000 

Are you an innovator? Are you a good communicator? Do you want a voice in 

With good experience in civil and/or criminal work, you could join our 
Contentious Busi ness Department team in one of these posts described below. 


The primary responsibility is for the Society's Family Law 
Committee, which hasa distinguished track-record of promoting 
reform and isa leading proponent of a Family Court You must be 
capable of making a substantial input on parliamentary legislation and 
government consultations. Your responsibility will include the law 
relating to children and you will also have managerial responsibility 
for the Society's panel of child care law solicitors. 


In the increasingly important field of solicitors remuneration, you 
will be a vital part of a small unit with responsibility forsuch areas as 
annual legal aid negotiations and surveys of the profession's earnings. 

You will help to develop policies and strategies for the future. You will 
be numerate and probably liave experience of legal aid practice which 
will have shown you the importance of adequate pay for the 
maintenance of services to the public. 

Your starting salary, which will be within the scale mentioned, will relate to 
how much experience you bring with you. For the Family Law post, you will 
probably have been admitted for at least four years, and for the Remuneration post 
at least two, butgetting the right people is as important to us as getting the right 
experience. Whichever post you favour, you must be prepared tojoin in any of the 
work for which our Contentious Business Department is responsible. 

Send us a briefC.V. and tell us why you arejustthe person we are looking for. 

The add ness is: -Joyce Collersnn, Personnel and Training Manager, The Law 
Society, 113 Chancery Lane, London WC2H 1PL. 


An Equal Opportunities Employer. 

Norton, Rose, Botterell&Roche 

Exciting and challenging opportunities for 
Commercial Property Lawyers 

In order ro keep pace with rapid and sustained growth, we wish to 
recruit a number of able and vigorous young lawyers, with up to three years 
post qualification or equivalent experience, to join a hard working team 
handling a wide range of property development and investment projects 
and their associated financing arrangements. 

Successful applicants may already be City based or may have gained 
relevant experience elsewhere; talent and potential are however as 
important. Necessary qualities include an understanding of the relevant 
commercial objectives, a good academic record and an attractive 
personality'. Salary and benefits are excellent and will folly reflect these 

Please apply in writing to: 

Robert S/areley, 

Administrative Controller. 

Kempson House, 

Camomile Street. 

London ECjlA TAN 

Norton, Rose, Botterell&Roche 






Are you an enthusiastic. young soGcitor and either: 

- newly quafified 


- with at toast two years' practical post- 
admission experience in he personal 
social service area of the law? 

| If so. Cambridgeshire may be able to offer you 
> an Intere s ting and worthwh il e post in our busy 
Legal Division. 

Salary levels are negotiable but w» reflect 
ability and experience. Solicitor a ppointm ents 
wB be made on a career ladder winch wffl 
enhance salaries as experience is gained. 

Cambridgeshire is a progressive i 
committed to modem systems of management 
and the training and career development at its 

Generous removal and disturbance expenses 
are payable, a car toesing scheme and a system 
of fl&tibte working hours operates. Te mp orary 
housing may be avaSable. 

For further details and an ap p Bcali on form 
‘phone ASson Kemp on (0223) 317283 or write 
to: Director of Finance and Admini stra tion. SKre 
HaB. Castle Hffl. Cambridge C83 OAP. For an 
informal discussion about these posts ‘phone - 
John Atkinson on (0223) 317154. 

Closing date for applications: 1st December. 



We have the following 

1) Assistant solicitor to 
conveyancing partner, to deal 
with varied residential/ 
commercial work. 

2) Assistant solicitor in our 
expanding Probate Trust and 
Tax Department Up to three 
years* qualified. 

We are looking for competent 
young solicitors with ability, 
initiative and enthusiasm. Both 
positions could suit newly 
qualified solicitors with good 
experience in articles. Salary 
(and prospects) dependent 
upon ability and potentiaL 

We are also looking for 
competent articled clerics and 
would welcome applications for 
articles to commence within the 
next twelve months. 

Please write with full CV to: 

Staff Partner 
Few & Kester 
Montagu House 
Sussex Street 
Cambridge CB1 1PB 

Gabriel Duffy Consult 

£14,000— £25,000 

On behalf of our clients we are currently recruit- 
ing Assistants for their Cora pan y/Cbmmerrial 
dcpls. Ideally, candidates will be 1-3 years quali- 
fied with a reputable City /Provincial firm, and 
will have gained a good university degree. Sound 
commercial knowledge plus the ambition to suc- 
ceed in this highly competitive field essential. 


Our Clients are looking for an assistant to handle 
all matters relating to trust and estate administra- 
tion. including taxation aspects of same. Legal 
Executives or trust accountants considered. 

For further details on these and other vacancies in 
London and the provinces please contact: 

Claire Wiseman 
Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 
31 Southampton Row, 

London WtlB 5HJ 

Daytime Tel No: (01) 831 2288 
Eves & Weekends (01) 740 0289 



Old established bin exp andin g practice wishes to 
suitably qualified and energetic sabauxs to the I 


To assist our Probate Partner and to deal with a wide range of 
probate and imst matters and the preparation of WiBs. Some 
experi e n c e of tax planning would be an advantage. 


To assist our Company /Commensal Partner and to undertake 
a wide range of non-coutemkws mailers indnding commercial 
prop erty work. 

Competitive salaries dependent on experience. Please apply 
wnting in full cv to 

The Senior Partner, 

Bliss Sons & Co veil, 

26 High Sheet, Hsh Wycombe, Backs HP11 2AD. 

Career opportunities fbr^ung 


aM»» and ambitious lawyers to farther o»*r expansion 


The work involved is stimulating, extremely 
applicants to broaden their experience, exerase then* 

1 , .. .1 -- ,L In rlp-il.nfT Stock Exrfiange 


S acquisitions, management buy-outs, banking 
institutional and venture capital funding, joint ventures and advising 

and Liquidators. 


An opportunity exists for a solicitor with a sound knowledge and 

experience of trust law to handle pension schemes for our corporate and truste e 
clients. The appointment will provide a wide variety of work with responsibility 
including the establishment of sdieme&the pensions side of company acquisitions, 
sales and buy-outs, and the disposal of surpluses. 


An increasing and varied number of employment cases meanstha t our tram of 
employment lawyers requires support from an applicant wh o is able a nd 
prepared to develop an eiqjertise in tins field, with particular reference to 
tribunal and litigation work. Some advocacy will be involved and the re wM be 
an opportunity for the applicant also to maintain and develop an mloest m 
other areas of commercial litigation. 

While ideally applicants should have at least one year's relevant post 
qualification ex p er ience in private practice, newly qualified solicitors should not 
be deterred from applying. We offer very attractive salaries with excellent 
prospects and vdL I assist with relocation expenses, if appropriate. 

If you wish to meet us for an initial informal discussion, please write, with career 
details and current salary, to:- 

CW Hughes, Wrasse & Co., Bank House, 8 Cherry Street, Birmingham B2 5JY. 



Hoggett Bowers 

Exeadioe Search and Selection Consalttnds 

Experienced Young 


London Docklands, Up To £18,000, 
Car, Excellent Partnership Prospects 
This big, leading and long-established East End 
practice has a busy conveyancing department of 
7, offering very valuable experience and career 
development. The vacancy is to take 
responsibility for co n veyancing, pins assisting 
with probate, personal trust and tax work. A 
conveyancing solicitor probably aged 28-30 is 
needed, with experience of taking sole charge. 
The prospects for progress to partnership axe 
excellent in this active and interesting firm. 

Male or female candidates should submit in 
confidence a comprehensive c.v. or telephone for a 
Personal History Form to: D. Venables, Hoggett 
Bowers pic, 1/2 Hanover Street, LONDON, 

W1R 9WB. KL-734 6852. Ref: 48014/TT 



Salary £7, 427-^7,848 pa including London Wei ghting 

Applications are invited from young qualified banisters 
or solicitors for this post which provides an excellent 
opportunity for the successful applicant to embark on a 
career in the Magistrates* Courts. Articles can be offered 
to a suitable applicant National conditions of service 
apply. Application forms and a careerguide may be 
obtained from me at the address below. The closing date 
for applications will be 28th November 1986. 

R J Haynes, 

Clerk to the Justices, 

The Court House, 

South Street, 

Bromley BR1 1RD. 

Tel: 01 466 6621 Ext 233 


Est ab E sh ed aid 
to fa a vacant 
Department Apf 

Property Inyestmert and Etevetopment group is seekmn 
5 PTCyra*” 0 ’ P T°P®rty Records Management 
uid be fender with analysis of leases and other property 

LEGAL training and experience of computer records would be advartageous. 

pe successful applicant: wjjjrepprt to the Group Secretary, supervise staff axf 

^ for tte verif icatio n execution aid maintenance of camDut&iral 

property records and documents. computerised 

Prestige salary accorring to age and experience with other benefits. 

Please reply with fuS CV to: 

Miedj a^ Pwp rtes ne. 

28 Manchester So, 

London Wtt 2HU 
« Telephone 01-488 6088 



Following internaL promotion a young 
professionally qualified Lawyer is required 
for early appointment by Isle of Man 
based, internationally affiliated company 

Salary c£12£00 (Manx tax rates; apply) 
pins company car. 

Apply in confidence with full CV to: 
The Company Secretary, 

Select Corporate Services Ltd, 
Homeric House, 3 Mount Pleasant, 
Douglas, Isle of Man. 


W are an eight Partner West End practice with 
an entertainment bias. Due to a continued 
expansion of our efient base, we require an 
Assistant Solicitor for our non-conte ntious 
Department, to specialise in Conveyancing. 
Applicants should have no more than two 
years’ post qualification experience, although 
suitably qualffled Legal Executive and persons 
about to qualify will be considered. 

Terms conditions and working environment 
are those you expect from a progressive firm. 
Apply with CV to:- 

The Persaael Manager, Wrtotrt Webb Syrett, 
10 Soho Square, LOfUXM W1V 6H. 
Tsfesboee 91-439 3111 


This 14- partner firm requires 
an e xp eri e nced solicitor to 
take responsibility for 
matrimonial work (pits some 
advocacy) at its expanding 
Btadctmrn office. 

The successful appb cs n l srffl 
.•on? a young, friendly and 
thriving team ax smart, 
modern offices in a 
presupoos part ofBJacfctnxii. 
and most have (be drive and 
ability to coaaotiifcne and 
build on [he erining divorce 

Salary wifi be dependent 
upon experience bt n wifi apt 
diHpBom! the wifflijiJ 

Write with a JU! CV car 
Tory CattereB, Fayam, 
BJecktar* BB1 7BQ. 


YounacMmtim' firm naming additional Wirimrin 

join meir Personal Injury team covering the Mid- 
lands for insurance company digits. 

. Also required: A Solicitor to establish a conveyancing 
practice in Evesham with support Grom Conveyanc- 
ing Partner at oar Warwickshire Office. 

Partnership potential required lor both posts. Apply 
m writing to: 

Miss C L Arkefl 
Everatt & Co 
100 High Street 

Worcester sh ire WR11 EU 



Young Litigation Solicitor required to 
861 U P Litigation Department for an 
expanding practice. Salary depending 
on experience: 

Please apply with CV to 

Nigel Edwards, 90-92 King 
Street, Maidstone, 

Kent ME14 1BH. 

Tel: 0622 678755 





Looking for Articles? 

Up to £8,664 pa 

If you’re a Graduate who has just passed the whole or 
greater part of the Bar or Law Society’s qualifying exams, 
we'd like to talk to you. 

.We've Trainee Court Gerfe vacancies in the Leicester City 
Division that will be of interest Articles of Clerkship are 
available, backed by a training in Court work that’s second 
to none. - 

Candidates of the right calibre can expect to be promoted 
to Court Cleric within 2 years; those of exceptional ability 
will make it within 12 months. In any event we firmly 
believe in promoting from within whenever possible.' 
Leicester Gty has a population of 283,000, operates 55 half 
day Courts a week, with a new Court House planned. JNC 
conditions of service apply, plus generous relocation 
expenses where applicable. 

You’D find volume, variety and a complexity of cases every 
day with us. In return, we expect hard work, dedication 
and self-motivation. 

If your enthusiasm for court work matches ours, we’d like 
you to phone today for an application form. In the first 
instance contact Mrs. K. Tolton on Leicester (0533) ‘ 
549922 ext 7803. Leicesterisblre Magistrates Courts 
Committee, PO Box 1, Town Hall, Leicester LEI 9BE. 
Closing date for receipt of completed application forms is 
December 12th, 1986. 

Badenoch & Clark 


A number of our cherts, small, medium and large 
practices based tn Central London, offer excellent 
opportunities for young committed lawyers with up to 6 
years post admission experience to bll viral roles In their 
property departments. VJork will range from domestic 
conveyancing to complex commercial transactions. 
Some positions carry short term partnership prospects. 


c. £20.000 + Bonus 

Our client, an established practice based in London, 
seeks a talented recently qualified Solicitor with a 
minimum oi two years pqe in corporate tax fora now 
position. Duties will be heavily consultancy based 
dealing with Banking and Commercial clients. An 
excellent opportunity for an ambitious young specialist 
seeking rapid advancement within the Profession 



This substantial City farm B seeking to recrun an ambitious 
high calibre Solicitor with up to two years pqe lo jour an 

expanding learn in the Company department Ideally wilh a 
corporate finance related background, the successful 
candidate will gain top quality work experience and can 
expect good career prospects and a highly competmve 


c. £20.000 + Benefits 

A leading UK Merchant Bank currently seeks a young 
Lawyer aged 26-32 to join its transaction execution 
group. Candidates should have a top hrm training and 
post admission experience in the Banktng/lntemational 
Finance Division of a substantial City practice. There is 
scope for rapid progression into either a marketing or 
product development role. 

For details of these and other positions, please contact John Cullen or JndMi Farmer. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge SI. London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 

i rs 

* Meredith Scott 


Leading EC2 practice seeks solicitors, ideally 
minimum 2 years qualified. 

PENSIONS to c.530,000 

Specialist lawyer, ideally with at least 2 years related 
experience required by leading EDI practice. 

PRIVATE CLIENT to c£24,000 

Wtf respected W1 practice seeks solicitor, 

preferably with at least 2 years experience of equity ■ 
woriL Excellent partnership prospects. 


Weft known Westminster practice seeks 2 sototors, 
newly admitted considered, to specialise n this 
aspect of commercial litigation. Excellent partnership 

CONVEYANCING fo c£16j9fl8 

Medium size SW1 practice requires newfy/recentfy 
qualified solicitor for commensal work. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

N P fit* Sma. Lamina EC*Y lAA. 

8I-SS3 MSS or 01-54/ 3*97 (after affix Mmnl W 

Rmfacr pmcabn mtowt fiw> nay pc wnc 

The Secretary General, . 
Association of Cenmonwealtii Universities 

Loudon WC1H WF . 
at from: 

The AmwacsMnts Un ft. 

University of Hong Kong, 
Hoag Kang. 

Closes: 31 December 1906. 



to £50,000 

A fast-growing high-tech comp any with offices 
worldwide seeds 6a experienced c omm e r cial 
lawyer to handle aD legal aspects of their 
business md in pnrrtv n, i gr the c o ntrol of 
contract negotiation. Foreign languages usefitL 
Location: West of Lon do n. (Roc. Cons). 

74 Long Lane, London ECi Tel: 01-606 9371 


& BflBTNERS S— — 




Ws are a large ftte branch 

firm with an increased 
commercial wort toad. Tte 
has created a vacancy at os 
Frame office fix a sototor 
cnnwaL feensngand 
cM) ugatiw wok. There g 
advocacy back ip. 

The successful mpkead w3f 
be able to wodk under 
pressure wide taaksog a 
sense of tumour. 

Jonathon Cavandar, 

Harris 0 Hants. 

Frame, Somerset 





Salary up to £15369.00 pj. inclusive 

Wb are looking for a solicitor or legal executive with post 
quaificaSon experience h Conveyancing who would ite 
to extend Ns or her expertise in an office daafing, not 
only with Local Government work, but also with 
Commercial Conveyancing. 

Benefits include generous hoidays and interest free loan 
facades for London Transport/Brffish Rad Annual 
Season Tickets. 

To find cot more about this position please telephone 
Laurence Bentley on 01-606 3030 ext 1670. ff you onfy 
require a job description and application form, please 
contact ext 1696 or write to: 

Comptroller and City Sofictor’s Dept, P.0. Bax 270, 
Gufittnl, London. EC2P 2£L 

Coraptated appfcation forms must he returned wHfwi14 
days bom the date of this adv er ti semen t 


mounts’ satsadory Kxvtccas a Court Uerk, rod up in 
£13,485 fora person witii refcvani e xp erience. Rcfax wti oa 
expenses are payable. 

A p p E c ari ons nay he o b t ain ed from Miss M. Norris an: 
trw» W7Z. Ext 43. 



We are a long established busy City practice 
ft net urgently require a newly qualified sobciior 
to work dosefy with one of our partners. 
Please apply to: 

Mr M Buffett, 


124 Salisbury House, 

London WalL 
London J5C2RL5QN. 

Tet 01 638 2811 

TO £12,000 

Assistant Solicitor required for busy 
litigation department in expanding 
commerically orientated South Coast 

Good prospects for recently qualified 

Apply with full cv to litigation partner, 
Phffip Evans & Co, 

30 Christchurch Road, 

Dorset BH1 3PB 


£ Neg 

Ex p enOng Qty practice wtti d werae woridoad mdudng 
inter national and Pubic Company matters teaks eo fci tor 
iwte wound 16 iwonda PCC and a*cntent ■mrtwnir record. 
Hl^dy oorapauiM salary. 


. SotdCor of sever* yeas experience sought by tewfing C0y 
practice wo> supart) wortdoad. ExcaOant prospects 


TO £17K 

Newly or recently qualified 9oSc3ors wtti good ace dwW C 
results wU find ne very beet quafty of work in CM and 
Coovwraaf Legation with an eminent City bin. 



Opportuihy lor a yoww sofidtor to fain a leadkx) Oty firm 
wen mp-mawer woclooad bi Trusts. Probtte and Tax 
Pfenning. Above mn Qi salary laMe. 


VM estatifistied raarfium-ette Gty practice with 
haavywaigW Town end Country Planning is 
rearming lawyers with first-due experience fci Ms fieteL 

£a\v 'Personnel 4M 

Soft specialists to tha legal profession worldwide 
95 Aldwyck. London WCZB 4JF. TeL 01-242 12B1 

(amphonc after office hours) 


! Solicitors to be Admitted in the New Year. 



interesting opportunities 
Stimulating environments 
Challenging workloads 

Extremely attractive salaries 

Locations: City, Central, West End 

gn v 'Personnel & 

Staff specials to the legal profession worldwide 
SS Atdwycft. London WC2B 4JF. TeL 01-242 1201 

after office houra) 

SoBcitors require 

Tet 0702*79356 

Criminai/Bva tow advocate 
rapred- met advocacy if 
required. Salary in 
. accordance wfih 

writ pertonnaoB. 

r Partnership 


At least £35,000 

Our client, an established Lincoln’s Inn firm, is currently 
recruiting in both die commercial conveyancing and 
commercial litigation departments. The firm is seeking, in each 
department, an ambitious and experienced solicitor of partner- 
ship calibre with the necessary specialist background to join in 
the continuing development of its busy commercial practice. 
Since early partnership is envisaged for the right applicants, a 
proven ability to attract clients would be an advantage. 

If you would like to hear more about these positions, please tele- 
phone Debbie Brice oh 01-831 2000 or write to her at The 
Legal Division, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5HL. 

Michael Rage Partnership 

Intemanondl Recruitment Consultants 
London Windsor Bristol Birm i n gh am NotrinRham Manchesrer 
Leeds Glasgow &\V*iridwide 
A n:mtlvTiii .•\tLiison ConaJunxy Group FLC 


Lego I Resources 


• Seeking your first appointment as a solicitor? 

• Considering a career change? 

We provide a professional service to the legal profession 
dealing with permanent and locum positions for 
barristers and solicitors in private practice, industry 
and the public sector. 

For further information please' contact 
Legal Resources Employment Agency 
IS John Street, London WC1N 2DL 
Telephone 01-40S 4985 

toUBBte A Division of Reliance Resources Limited 


Expanding international 
practice requires Clerk 
to set up and maintain 
Costs Department, 
draw simple bills, su- 
pervise time-costing 
system and credit con- 
trol. £12,000 pa + 
incentive bonus. Excel- 
lent prospects. 

Teb 01 229 9181 
Rel JE 


Solicitor or Experienced 
Legal Executive required for 
litigation Practice with large 
Instance Company and 
Public Authority following. 

Attractive salary by 
negotiation with Partnership 

Apply to: 

Mateotn Lee 
Ws eaias Breefiom & Lee 
328 Baring Road, 

East Hot, Leaden E6 

01-471 1114 

Uwb esa b tigwl- p racti ce ramies 
add aonai sdcsor or competent 
iiHdrWttd assistant lor genera 
wrt «h E4Ttffrasa on corrifyant- 
ng. Some proban wort woud be 

■nftg » mb and eapsenee. 
appty Mb CV IR 

Hears Rspers, 

55 West Sheet 
CUcbester, West Sassex 

(TeL 1243-788155) 
ret MB or FRW. 



for telr Crouton otto. Commercial 
praparty oeanaacs *ootd be MpU 
m ra cm or m of Dw names. 


Stepbei MaretaB, 

Gray MarefuB & CasmbeB, 
19 Pari Sheet, Cnydst, I 
Sarny CRB 1YD. 

01-686 7461 

an advantage. Pleasant wnkng 
ermormert m aitraave salary 
oflersd. Pte3se sooty wan bid CV 

AidBfi Ferguson, 


Rcdralb, CerawaB. 

TR15 2SB. 



required for non-contentious 
work in general practice at our 
Head Office in the 
County Town of Lewes 
Salary negotiable 
Contact Ref. 6 



TO £9.000 BASIC 

A subssduary of major bank 
seeks law gaduates etc or 
those wtb some work exp. 
Vacs London, Reading, Leeds, 
Surrey. Hants. 

FRX LISTS ot varanadn. Sana- 
lore M £40.000*. rite* to 
£20.000. Poau arou^iwiT En- 
gtand romtymaw. 

ramMrctal. uroow / Bum. 
ahpMioii. and omeroi Pvttg 
Riaura o»«i t Kinm. sat 
CtanMiHanB. 9 Em amp Lon- 
don EC3 Td : 01 far, 9491 

KtwTtrwooo souamB n- 
autre aOroundfr with part- 
tcidar emnoiK in comnwroal 
and resuentiai oonvevancuiib 

probate and anal! amount of 
dill uttpanon. to -Ban New 
Yean cothu tHatn and oompe- 
mtee 3k tnooiam at ftnul 
Quanfl canons. 01-747 03». 


Old-established firm 
requires energetic, young, 
recently Qualified assistant 
solicitor to deal mainly with 
conveyancing probate and 
some litigation. Good 
prospects tor the right 
applicant. Apply in writing 
wift CV to: 

P.C Lloyd, Foresaw S Sms, 
Hazekleaa. Statton Rd. 
Lealheftieaii, Sonsy K722 . 

t m WO Mawr City practice re- 
ouh-r* corporate lax MMOallal lo : 
wnn partner* with concraie 
tax nun en. candidates wtui 
Areounrancv hadLortamds con- 
stdered. CUurc Whcsrun. 
Oabnnt Dufiy conutaney. 21 • 
fiDuinamnon Row. London. - 
WCI0 SHJ. Te! 01 SS! 2288. 

KATRtiKWOAL tad Marten. SOLICITOR tor LB. and Adi ora 
Sou in East UKi aon. iqi Urt. Kcnl To£ 20K. BAar> Mate, 

sne Ceasunwra. 0930 23:83. Aetofd Personnel 0W5ai5S0c 

Ulf A 

If 13 





E&cMlaB: University 
Appointments. Prep & hibHc 
School Appointments. 
Educational Courses. 
Scholarships and FeOawships. 

La Cri«e 4e b Crease and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Ceopfitt* Horiraas: Computer 
Appointments with editoriaL 
UjpU Appotetaeras: SoUcitots, 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Private & Public 

Lepd La Creme for (op legal 

PaHic Sector Appointments. 


La Crtrae de la Orteoe and other 
secretarial appointments. 
Property: ResidcndaL Town & 
Country. Overseas. Rentals, witb 

Arthfara and CoBcctaUra. 


General Appdaumnte: 

MfiBagement and Executive 

appoinunents whh editoriaL 
1a Crime de la Crtrae and other 
se cr et aria l appotouticnB. 


Motere: A complete ear buyer's 
enide with editonaL 
Btubera te Business: Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with editoriaL 

Restaurant Gtride. (M«a*Uy) 


Overseas and UK HatidayK 
Villas/Cottages. Hotels. Rights 


Fill in the coupon and aoach il to your advertisement, written on a separate 
piece of paper, allowing 28 letters and spaces per line. 

Rates arc: Linage £4.00 per line (min. 3 lines): Boxed Display £23 per sinrie 
column centimetre: Court & Social £6 per line. All rates subject to 15% VAT. 
$ead to: Shirley MangUs, Group Classified Advertisement Manager. Times 
Newspapers UA. PO Box 484, Virginia Street. London El 9DD. 

Telephone (Daytime) Date of insertion.— 

(Please allow three working days pnor to insertion daic.i 
Use year Access, Visa, Amn or Diners cards. 

;&§ sr5BBi?s : « fstfiFunn*»>. 



Law Report November 18.1986 

Company Legal 

Adviser Financi 

IVISer Financial Services 

c£25,000 plus finance sector benefits 
Northern Home Counties 

Our client, one of the leading international life insurance and investment groups 
employing some 900 people in the UK. is planning very significant growth in the next 
three years. This new appointment is designed to strengthen the management team and 
so contribute to the achievement of ambitious objectives. 

Reporting directly to the Chief Executive, you will provide a group wide legal service to 
management and staff and also act as Company Secretary to two UK subsidiaries. 

Ybu will be a graduate and qualified as a solicitor or banister preferably with some 
experience in a company legal department Financial services experience is desirable 
but not essential- 

Starting salary is negotiable. Benefits include incentive bonus, quality car, mortgage 
subsidy, and low cost pension scheme. Relocation assistance if appropriate. 

Please write-in confidence -stating how you meet the requirements to David Bermeil, 
ref. A. 43841. 

MSL International, 52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SWiW OMM. 

Ofaces m Europe the Americas. AustratasaanaAsta Pacific 


Executive Search and Selection 


We are looking for a young solicitor with a good 
academic background who seeks challenging work in a friendly 
atmosphere, to join an expanding team 
within our Commercial Property Group. 

The work will primarily involve high quality development 
and retail property transactions which demand 
a thorough but positive approach. 

Please write with a full curriculum vitae 
to our Staff Partner, Ian McCulloch at 



Oamalanis. 0936 25185. 



r - ;ai 


tsMe. 01-983 42*1-3 Roe JH. 1 

AWirwr Jiictiwr. intBMliwi. 
Advocacy. n» Piwca. 

AaCHTAHT SaWttor. AB-roawl 
er. Somerset. Maty Male. 
Accord Personnel. TO: 0906 

HA ML UK. P**. OSK*. Nonb 
Devon. Mary Male. Accord Per- 
■carnet Tel: 0938 816606 

Condned from page 34 




We are currently recruiting for several well 
established Systems and Software Houses, 
located in the CITY and the THAMES 

Paralegal Secretary 

Today, one of Britain's new and exciting newspapers, ties 
a vacancy for a legal secretary working for to legal 

This position la both varied and i nter esti ng. Salary 
co m mensurate with age and e xperience, backed by the 
usual benefits of a large company, including 5 weeks 
. hdliday and BUPA. 

Please apply hi writing enclosing a C.V. to: 

JuOa Braybrook 

70 Vauxbafl Bridge Rd, London SW1V2RP. 

Our clients will provide career 
opportunities way better than average. 

They seek PROGRAMMERS and 
ANALYSTS with circa two years software, 
development on DEC, IBM or TANDEM 
Salaries up to £17,000. 

They also require PROJECT MANAGERS with 
around four years' experience of managing and 
implementing “fixed price” projects. 

Salary c.£25,000. 


For more information please contact 


TVCA Recnritment Consultants 
1S5 High Street Steppertm 
Mfddfesex TW17 S8L 
Tefc 0932 244014 (24 bonis). 


Introducing Wang VS system seek 

(A) TRAINS would suit graduate or person who has 
done TOPS Computer course £9k phis. 

done TOPS Computer course £9k phis. 

(8) ADMINISTRATOR with Lloyds and Wang 
experience to trouble shoot and develop systems 

(0 WANG OPERATOR to ran the system. Max £12k. 

Word A w o c l HtM 
Oi 377 6433 Agy. 


to advise and train efierts and 
demonstrate accounts 
software. Computor phis 
accounts background ideal. 
Salary Co £17000. 
81-377 2866 

The WP Specialists. 




IN ' 



Continued from page -23 


TEL: 01-481 1920 


Applications are invited from professionally 
qualified persons tor the part-time post of 


of t be Woodard Corporation, in succession to Mr A St 
J. Dawes who retires on 30 July 1987. Further details 
and application form may be obtained from: 

Brigadier N.R. Sturt 14A The Square. Shrewsbury. SY1 
1LN. Tel: 0743 56038. to whom applications should be 
sent by 5 December 1986. 


01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 



TEL: 01-481 4000 

Bail O HHP PLACE FurmstMd 
bntnn Asms neaufr* a self no- 
uiaiM and cemmtsuon- 
erfentami Ncsottabir for Hay 
etna th. oi ssi sisa 



charterers; Mr Richard Aikens, 
QC, for the o w ners. 

TON said that two di s putes — 
the cargo daim and a demurrage 
d yim — h«»H arisen in connec- 
tion with the d isc harge of die 
ship’s cargo in April 1975. The 
owners had referred each claim 
separately for arbitration by the 
same ar b i tr at o r s, although zi no 
time prior to 1983 had any 
single person in die owners’ 
organization had knowledge of 
both disputes. 

The de mur rage arbitration 
had been completed in 1980. hot 
the charterers had beard nothing 
more of the cargo claim until 
October 1983. 

His Lordship bad heard ev- 
idence that die maj o rity of 
maritime arbitrations started 
were never followed up and that 
h was not the normal practice 
for the respondeat to take any 
initiative to prod the claimant 
into action. 

that it was necessary to consider 
the carefully before draw- 
ing the inference that they did. 

' A contract created by simple 

gri 1 1 



The law, as stated by Lori! 
Diplock in Bremer Vulkun 
Sckiffbau und Maschinenfabrik 
v South Jndia Skipping Corpora- 
tion Lid ([1981] AC 909, 986), 
that both parties were muter a 
mutual obligation to each other 
to join in applying to the 
ar bitrator for ap p ropri ate ditto- 

most have seemed when the 
action of ejectment was first 
invented, bat his Lordship was 
bound to hold that a contract to 
abandon an arbitration could be 
thne made, although die' ev- 
idence required careful scrutiny. 

the owners’ conduct over an 
eight-year period had been such 
as to entitle the c har terer s to 
assume that they were offe ri n g 
to abandon the reference. To 
con sti tut e such an offer it was 
mfR ci u nt ih»t it was a fair 
inference to be drawn from the 
owners’ silence and inactivity. 

As to whether the charterers 
were to tie taken to have 
awmmi that tire o wner s were 
offering to abandon, bis Lord- 
ship had to follow The Leonidas 
D. It could scarcely be said that 
the charterers had in feet as- 
sumed that the owners were 

critical the law would indeed be 

Whpre afrtm ngh the etaimaw t 

appeared to be offering to 

reasonably. Equally m other 
cases there was no such implica- 
tion: see Reardon Smith Line 

Fisheries and Food Q?963jf AC 

The decision in Bremer 
VttDcan was inconsistent with 
the right to proceed with an 
arbitration being snlrjcct to such 
an imptkalion; neither was it in. 
the nature of a discre ti on which 
was only to be exercised 

The c ar g o and demurrage 
Hatm-c were based on. different 
causes of action, but the ref- 
erence which had instituted to 
demurrage arbitration had. been 
of “disputed dhwmg including 
(without limit ation) a claim for 
demur rage «#»»"*» [the charter- 
ers] »rikfng out o£ in connection 
with or consequent upon the 
above charter and all or any 
variations thereof ofany kind or 
description whatsoever”. The 
cargo <*«»"> had not s ub- 
seqnently been put forward in 
any way in that arbitration. 

Under the principle in Smith 
f Johnson ((1812) IS East 213) 
and Dunn v Murray ((1829) 9 B 
AC 7 80), where all matters in 
difference were referred to 
arbitration, the rfimapt was 

Considering equal pay claim defence 

Forex Neptnae (Overseas) Ltd 
f Miller and Oners 
Before Sir Ralph Kilner Brown, 
Mr O. CTBrien and Mr J. A 

[Judgment November IT] 

On an equal pay f i*' m based 
on work of equal value, an 
industrial tribunal was entitled 

to consider whether the employ- 
ers bad made out a defence of a 

ers bad made oat a defence of a 
genuine material factor other 
than, sex before sending the case 
forward for assessment by an 
independent e xp e r t under rule 
7A of the Industrial Tribunals 
(Roles of Procedure) - Regula- 
tions (SI 1980 No 884). 

Rule 7A of the 1980 Rules 
inserted by the Industrial Tri- 
bunals (Rules of PtocodureX 
• (Equal Value Amendment ) 
Regulations (SI 1983 No 1807) 
provided that in any case 
involving an equal value claim, 
where a dispute arose as to 
whether work was of equal 
value, a tribunal should require 
an expert to prepare a repent. - 

Mr Timothy Walker, QC and 
Mrs' Gillian Keene for the 
employers; Mr Robin Allen for 
the applicants. 

BROWN said that the male 
comparator, Mr Hosain, was 
employed jo March 1982 as a 

The appeal tribunal consid- 
ered that as a matter of law it 
would be open to an industrial 
tribunal to find that p ayment of 
a higher salary to a man than a 
woman doing the same work or 
work of equal value was genu- 
inely due to a material factor 
other than a difference in sex 
because the salary had not been 
reduced on dow ngradin g. 

Mr Allen bad argued that h 
was not open to a tribunal to 
find that demotion could be a 
material factor. 

. The appeal tribunal consid- 
ered that thr industrial tribunal 
bad misdirected themselves m 
the way in which they consid- 

thar be should produce evidence 
that the woman’s job did not 
require the same degree of effort 
or sluU or decision making. 

In some cases an industrial 
tribunal would be entitled to say 
that there was no reasonable 
for arguing that her work 
was of equal value. 

Section 2A(2) of the Equal 
Pay Act seemed to limit an 
industrial tribunal's powers to 
stop a case in its tracks to cases 
where an employer had pro- 
duced a job evaluation study. 

It was unrealistic to expect 
small companies to have the 
time or expertise to indulge in 
that type of exercise. Guid a nce 

■ TrVl rri • tTYiTl ■ i 

I , 1 , Tit I [« I 

buna! so held when allowing an 
appeal by the employers. Forex 
Neptune (Overseas) Ltd, from 
an industrial tribunal last Janu- 
ary ordering the p re pa r a tion of 
an expert's report in the cases of 
Ms V. Miller and Miss J. 
Fernandes and a declaration 
that Mrs D. O’Byrne was en- 
titled to equality of pay with a 
male emp lo yee, Mr S. Hosain. 

Section l(2Xc) of the Equal 
Pay Act 1970, as amended by 
the Equal Pay (Amendment) 
Regulations (SI 1983 No 1794) 
provides: “Where a woman is 

employed on work which is, 

in terms of the Ha nm ni k 
on her (for instance under such 
headings as effort skill and 
decision), of equal value to that 

March 1985, when the originat- 
ing applications were submitted, 
he was earning £1(^538. The 

applicants were earning £7,000; 
£7,000 and £8,400. 

The employers had co n ceded 
that Mrs O’Byrne was doing like 
work so the employers had to 
justify the higher salary paid to 
Mr Hosain. The other two 
women had not. yet been the 
subject of evaluation because of 
the reference to an expert. 

However, with the possibility 
that they might be foundto be 
doing work of equal value with 
that per fo r m ed by Mr Hosain, 
the industrial tribunal, sensibly 
and correctly, examined the 
employers’ reliance on the es- 
cape clause of a material factor 
other than sex with r efere n ce to 
all three. . 

Mr Hosain had been found 
wanting in capability ■ and 
performance and had been 

of a man in the same employ- 
ment — (i) if ... any torn of tbe 
woman’s contract is or becomes 
less favourable to the woman 
than atom of a similar kind in 
the contract under which that 
man is employed, that term of 
the woman’s contract shall be 
treated as so modified as not to 
be less favourable . . 

. Section 1(3), as amended, 
provided fix- a defence that the 
variation was genuinely doe to a 
material factor which was not 
the difference of sex. ■ 

moved to different posts, vet 
tfj jl retaining his salary. The 
employers’ case was that be had 
been demoted and downgraded. 
The variation in safety between 
his contract and the applicants' 
contracts were said to be genu- 
indy due to a material- dif- 
ference other than sex within the 
meaning of section 1(3) of the 
1970 Act, as amended. 

been demoted. 

Mr Alkn, apart from support- 
ing the industrial tribunal’s 
finding that there was no demo- 
tion and therefore no defence of 
a material fector other than sex, 
submitted that it would not in 
any event be open to an 
industrial tribunal on a prelimi- 
nary issue to find against an 
applicant alleging work of equal 
value on the baas of a material 
factor defence. 

He argued that the effect of 
section l(2Kc) of the 1970 Act 
coupled who rule 7A was that 
equal- value could only be 
ascertained either where an 
employer had his own job 
evaluation or a job evaluation 
was made by an expert. 

If that ar g um ent was right the 
implications fix- employers, es- 
pecially in the case of small 
businesses were horrendous. It 
meant that wherever a man was 
put into a job and a woman who 
was paid less claimed that she 
was doing work of equal value, 
the employer had to come up 
with a job evaluation study or be 
faced with a reference to an 
expert fix- a report. 

The appeal tribunal preferred 
to think that all that was 
required of an employer was 

equal value. 
The Indus 

The industrial tribunal cor- 
rectly derided that this was an 
u nne cessary procedure. Regula- 
tion 8 of the 1980 Regulations 
gave a tribunal a discretion to 
deride its own procedure 

The industrial tribunal had 
not erred in law in considering 
the material factor defence be- 
fore applying their minds to rale 
7A. But they bad misdirected 
themselves when considering 
whether the employers had 
proved a demotion in fact On 
that aspect the matter would be 
considered afresh. 

Solicitors: Durrani Piesse; Ms 
Tamara Lewis. 

Responsibility for enforcing safety regulations 

Hadley v Hancox and Another 

Before Lord Justice Croom- 
Johnson and Mr Justice Peter 

[Judgment November 14] 

When the main activity car- 
ried on in any premises changed 
from one where responsibility 
fix the enforcement of the 
pro vi s i o n s of the Health and 
Safety at Work etc Act 1974 
rested with the Health and 
Safety Executive, to one where 

mill and an employee was 
injured because of the inad- 
equate guarding of one of the 

tiiat the 

prosecuted fin* the breach and 
on March 11, 1986 the pros- 
ecutor laid informations against 
the defendants. The question 
arose as to whether the local 
authority was the proper person 
to have brought the proceedings. 

It was an agreed fact at the 
hearing before the justices that 
until some time m 1984 the 
main activity carried on in the 
premises was one of manufac- 
turing and hence the enforcing 
authority was the executive. 

However from 1984 the main 
activity at the premises changed 

andrctail distribution. 

The executive was established 
by section 10 of the 1974 Act 
and its duties defined by section 
1 1(5). Section 15(2) grant ed the 
secretary of state power to make 
regulations for any of the gen- - 
era! purposes of the Act. 

that respo ns ibility came within 
the ambit of the focal authority, 
the transfer of enforcing 
authority be cam e effective im- 
mediately, notwithstanding that 
tire -transfer procedure under 
regulation 5 of the Health and 

Regulations (SI 1977 No 74 
had not been followed. 

Accordingly, the Queen’s 
Bench Divisional Court allowed 
an appeal by case stated by the 
prosecutor, Mr G^A- Hadley. 
Town Clerk and Chief Exec- 
utive. Sandwdl Borough Coun- 
cil. from a decision of Warley 
Justices sitting at Old HXO on 
June 5, 1986. that since the 
p ro ced ure under regulation 5 
had not been carried out, the 
local authority could not enforce 
the relevant provisions under 
the 1974 Act against the defen- 
dants,-Sdney Hancox and Peter 

Section 18(2) provided tiiat 
the secretary of .state might tty 
regulations make local authori- 
ties responsible for the enforce- 
ment of the relevant stat u tory 
provisions and make provision 
for enabling responsibility fix- 
enforcement to be transferred 
from the executive to the local 
authority or from the Local 
authority to the executive. 

Accordingly, tire 1977 Regula- 
tions -came hno existence. 
Regulation 3 provided that 
where the main activity carried 
on in tire premises was specified 
in Schedule 1 the local authority 
for the area in which the 
premises were situated ^*shaH 

Mr Roderick Henderson fix- 
tire prosecutor; Mr Stephen 
Migdal for tire defendants. 

JOHNSON said that the 
defendants' premises at Rowley 
Regis were until recently used 
primarily as a mill rolling oats. 

There was an -acridem at the 

be" the enforcing authority. 

Schedule I contained "tire 
sale or storage ofgoods for retail 
and wholesale distrib uti on” as 
one of tire activities which came 
within the ambit of local 
authority enforcement. 

R e gu l a tion S which was 
beaded "A rran gements e na bl in g 
responsibility for enforcement 
to be transferred” provided by 
regulation 5(1) that responsibil- 
ity fix enf or ce m ent might be 
transferred between the local 
authority and the executive 
under a procedure outlined in 
that regulation. 

Tbd defendants submitted be- 
fore tire justices that althoug h 
their mam . activity had 
1984 been lire storage ofgoods 
which was covered try 
1 of the 1977 Regulations and 
therefore was to be dealt with by 
the local authority, tire local 
authority did not become the 
enforcing, authority until the 
procedure under regulation 5 
had been gone through. 

Ft was submitted on behalf of 
the local authority rhat regula- 
tion 3, which laid down the 
activities in Schedule 1 far 
which tire local authority was to 
be the enforcing authority, was 
mandatory as tire words used 
were that tire local authority 
“shall be” the enforcing 
authority, and that regulation 5 
was permissive because the 
words-were that responsibility 
“maybe” transferred. 

: It was dear beyond doubt that 
there had to be someone who 
bad. tire duty and obligation to 
enforce the relevant statutory 
provisions. Whether it was tire 
executive or local authority 
depended bn tire particular case. 

One started with the exec- 

utive under the 1974 Ad but the 
1977 Regulations laid down tire 
activities which “shall be” tire 
responsibility of the local 

If tire activities changed, then 
from the time of the change they 
ceased to be the responsibility of 
tire executive and became' the 
responsibility of the local 
authority. It when tire activities 
changed enforcement became 
tire subject of the complicated 
procedures of regulation 5, there 
would be extra work and delay. 

Regulation 5 was only permis- 
sive and was not to be read as 
qualifying regulation 3. Which 
was quite dear. Regulation 5 
only indicated when the' exec- 
utive could take on tire local 
authority’s work and when the 
local authority could uf* cm the 
executive's work. 

Since tire defendants' activ- 
ities fell dearly wi thin Schedule 
1 , tire proper peraon to enfixne 
the statutory provisions was the 
local authority. 

agreeing, said that it was dear 
that regulation 3 of the 1977 
Regulations meant what it said. 
Regulation 5 rim ply contained 
ancillary provisions which dealt 
with the position where it might 
be administratively convenient 
in a particular case. 

There was no doubt that as a 
matter of law the enforcin g 
authority changed when tire 
main activity drungud. The 
construction contended for by 
the defendants would lead, to 
intolerable inconvenience. .- 

Solicitors: Sherwood & Co for 
Mr O. A. Hadley, West 
Bromwich; David Goukling A 
Co, Halestiwen. ' V 



\ fair 

- \ 

been appointed for several 
months m respect of tire cargo 
daim and, objectively, the par- 
ties were unlikely to . have in- 
tended to es t ablish a new 
lif bmrf for that dawn where 
one already existed. 

Moreover, the reference bad 
followed immediately after 
p roceedings under section 27 of 
the Arbitration A ct 1 950 in 
which only the demurrage daim 
had been m view. 

Those matters convinced his 
Lordship that tire apparently 
wide terms of the reference did 
not. on their true con s tr u ctio n, 
include the cargo daim. There- 
fore the Smith v Johnson doc- 
trine did not apply and the 
owners were not precluded from 
pm s uing Are cargo dam by 
their fawns to advance it in tire 
other arbitration or by the final 
awards therein. 

Even if the doctrine had 
applied, both parties would, in 
view of the agreed assumption 
on whidt tire section 27 
proceedings bad proceede d , 
have been estopped by conven- 
tion from asserting that the 
cargo daim had been en- 
compassed in the second 
referen ce. 

Solicitors: Richards Bader; 
luce & Co 

be welcomed. 

The present' case indicated 4*. 
one possibility of avoiding a ” 
reference under rule 7A. An 
employer could say that whether 
or not the work was of equal 
value he could avoid a finding of 
an equality danse by establish- 
ing that the difference in pay 
was due to a material factor 
other than sex. 

Mr ADen submitted that die 
words in rule 7A were man- 
datory and there had to be a 
reference to an expert whenever 
there was a dispute as to 
whether or not the work was of 





are answered 
by a ‘Hail Mary’ 

By Robert lOrley - 

‘SHE®- • a * semon ’ *«• 

Fjig l m d Patriots stood seconds 

from losing, but Tony Easoa 
foftel the ball 25 yards, hoping 
to' Wanect with one of h§ 
receivers. The play, in NFL 
parianot was a “Hail Mary". 
Irving Fxyar soared above a 
crowd in the end zone, reacted 
to a deflection and made a catch 
for a touchdown, and New 
England beat the Los Angeles 
Ram* 30-2$. Prayer answered, 
game won. 

“It was there for me to get," 
Fryar said. “This play has never 
been successful in practice. We 
work on it two times a week.** 

“You’re throwing the ball up 
for grabs and you’re hoping that 

. Rams have lost. 

At East Rutherford, New 
Jersey, Ken O’Brien threi 
touchdqwB passes to Wu 
Walter to help the Near Yu« 
™> fond off the NFL 1 s worst 
the Iadiaawpaiia Colts, 

.At Minneapolis,' -Raul Allegre 

a cure for the English disease 


something gflod will happen," cred two fumbles, producing 14 
Earon said. He set dub records' ooints within 17 and 

Football in England is beset 

a 33-yarder with 12 seconds I : — 77 - - ■ — 

^ .. . wtth problems. In the first of 

two articles, David Miller, 
examines the underlying 

r emaining, to rive the New York 
Gauds a 22-20 win over the 

Minnesota Vikings, pry j at San 
Efesb, Stevie Periuer weathered 
12 sacks and ran for a two-yard 
touchdown to lift the DaHaa 
Cowboys to a 24-21 win over the 


The Denver Brewoofr recov- 

. . . records 

with 36 completions in 52 
attempts, despite being sacked 
five times by the NFL’s leading 
defensive unit. “The planisu 
you can catch it, catch it; if not, 
tip it to someone else. Tve never 
won a game like that before.** 
The Patriots’ heroics over- 
shadowed the debut of the 
Rams’ rookie quarterback, Jim 
Everett, who threw touchdown 
passes of 34, 20 and 24 yards. 
The former Purdue University 
player led the Rams to their 
highest score of the season, 
completing 12 of 19 passes for 
193 yards and no interceptions. 
Everett, who refused to sig n a 
contract with the dub who 
drafted him, the Houston 09- 

points within 

the special teams touch- 
downs on a pant and a 70- 
ymd punt return to spark a 38- 
17 win over the gmaf oo City 
CJfefc. At Los Angeles, Jim 
Plunkett, who led theRaideni to 
two Super Bowl victories, threw 
three touchdown passes to lift 
foe Raiders to a 27-14 win over 
the Cleveland Browns. 

RESULTS; CHcko Bum 1 
F&ons S Qr uSST Doy+m 34, BufMo 
gas 24; a ndante Bongris M, Soatfe 
suhawte 7; Green Bey Pxkon 31. 
larape _Bay Buccaneers 7: New York 


New CMeans SaMs LouteCanfinNs 
7: Denver Broncos 38. Kansas CStyCbMs 
m Los Angeles Ration 27. One 
Browm 14; Sew England Patriots 30. 


uton Town*S revenue last season 
from supporters of visiting dubs was 
£70^00. Their police boll was 
£120,000. This season, with their - 
unilateral ban on visiting suppo rt e rs, 
their police hill will be a pprox im ately halved, 
bat the attendance revenue, especially if they 
maintain the form of recent victories over 
Liverpool and Nottingham Forest, will have 
made goodthe turnstile loss. It is an irrefutable 
[nation containing unanswerable logic for 
ose who run the game. 

Yet logic is not a strong suit with 
administrators of our Football League dubs. 
With the myopia winch can persuade directors 

—■ -*r* r ‘7*5 “*7 «•«« junaia* ofManchesterQly and Forest to refuse to visit 

K^^^^ t ^n-^ IIls “ Seplem " Dana* cowboy* H; Luton on a point of protest, and with the 

hdnd ,h. AA disinterest wwSfounrfmore than half the 92 

enc Dickerson helped the Tables, page 44 di^fiilii^tonrturaaqii^onnairemtheof- 

Flare-up: Erad i c a ting hooliganism is seen by many dubs as the only way to halt dwindling attendances 


New Pirates unlikely 
to collect the bounty 

final inquiry of Mr Justice PoppteweH, it is 
easy to conclude that England does not 
deserve to cure the disease which has caused 
its isolation from European competition. 

As David Evans, Luton’s chairman, says 
with allowable exaggeration: “Why should 

A change of American players 
is unlikely to be enough to help 
Happy Eater Bracknell Pirates 
readi the semi-finals of the 
Prudential National Cup next 
weekend judging by the present 
irresistible form of rheir oppo- 
nents, Team Poiycell Kingston. 

Bracknell, who have sent their 
6 ft 7m forward, Tony Wilson, • 
back home to Lexington. West 
Kentucky, have quickly re- 
placed him with the 6 ft 6 in 
Chicago-based Jaye Andrew 
who was voted most valuable - 
player at Bucknefl University in 
Louisberg, Pennsylvania two 
years ago. 

Andrew, ^ed 24, will face 
Kingston in the second of the 

S tarter-finals *ak™g place on 
e double-bin at Brscfcefl next 
Saturday (BCP London's match 
against Caldeidale Is the ap- 
petizer) but BrackneJTs hopes of 
strengthening their s q u ad for - 
what amounts to an impossible 
task were dashed at the weekend 
by p the failure of their former 
player, Trevor Anderson, to 
keep an appointment. 

Had the signing of the high- 
flying Anderson gone through 
now that his comma with 
Portsmouth has been cancelled 
after one season, he would have 
been eligible. 

“Wc were all prepared to 
finalize ft, 1 * said John Nike, 
Bracknell's new chairman, “but 
this confirms what we already 

knew about Trevor, which is his 
unreliabili ty, 

Nike, who has also had 
£5,000 hid for Portsmouth’s 

ofthe dgmigal o? u?Tl^r , “ We 
were looking for someone who 
was prepared to give his all tat 
Tony did noL” 

Bracknell (fid not play at the 
weekend but Kingston did, win- 
ning 1 23-100 with ominous ease 
before a . capacity crowd at 
Leicester CSty Riders, who 
transformed a 7-0 deficit inside 
40 seconds to lead briefly 15-13 
before succumbing, despite 30 
points from Young. 

Ten days after beating Draper 
Toob Solent Stars by only three 
points, in their Prudential Na- 
ttooalCup gamer-final, Sharp 
MadtekrlhM had xaiher 
more to spae, succeeding US- 
86 toeud a run of three lea® 
re v erses. Witfafoeir new agnmg. 
Drew ■■■ Sewell. from 
Hemd/Watfonl Royals sinking 
13 points, BPGC Derhy Ranis 
pipped Reg Vsrdy Sunderland 
92-88 in a game between two of 
foe fest division’s struggling 

Iwwnt, - 

Henad staged the only cup 
match ofthe day and produced a 
for .better display than the 
of their 127-99 quaxter- 
byPtortsnootfc in- 
dicates. Then- young squad 
simply did not have foe re- 
sources to match Portsmouth's 
speed on the break. 


Duane’s fitness in question 

By Keith Madeira 

The injury-dogged inter- 
national career of Ronnie 
Duane suffered another setback 
yesterday when Duane, recalled 
to play for Great Britain in foe 
third inte rnation al at Wigan on 
Saturday, reported to the c o a c h , 
Maurice Bam ford, that be had 
injured bis back on Sunday. 

Duane, a long-striding centre 
three quarter, had fought his 
way back to international recog- 
nition after being injured on the 
1984 tour of Australasia. He was 
having a check-up late last night. 

and Bamford will mate a de- 
cision today. 

The other doubtfols, Basncn, 
Gill. Schofield, Pinner. 
Marcham and Myler are all 
expected to be fit to take partin 
squad t rainin g this week. 

Australia wiB be without their 
powerfol second row forward 
Nod Oeah-who broke an arm 
playing for. the Australians 
against HnQ on Sunday, 

• Peter Sterling. Australia’s 
brilliant sornm Ml, has 
an agreement to rejoin Hull on 
a two-year contract. 

be permitted to terror iz e England?” And, 
indeed, why should a small proportion of them 
be exported to terrorize Europe? 

Football, for more than a century, has been 
and still often is a ample, sometimes beautiful 
and frequently dramatic game that is classless 
and faceless in its universal appeal. It is unfair 
that malevolent elements in society, too often 
encouraged by indiscipline and inefficiency 
within football, exploit football’s public arena. 

Ted Crater's unfortunately ill-judged thrust 
at Mis Thatcher truthfully claimed that 
hooligans were not the property of football but 
the nation. Yet in the eyes of those not 
associated with the game, football is seen as 
being an accomplice to evil as much as the 
pornography shop winch sold a mask to the 
Cambridge rapist. 

Almost any price is, therefore, worth paying 
for football to hdp rid rtsdf of this scouige, yet 
too few in football are prepared to acknowl- 
edge this as Luton have done. Luton's reward 
is peace and safety for the uninvotved 
population .-■of the town on a Saturday 

Nobody seems able to provide a gross figure 
for the Football League income from visiting 
chib support e rs, yet the League claims it is - 
essential for surrivaL Measured against police 
costs, tins cannot be so, when marauding 
visitors are numbered mainly in hundreds 
.rather than - the thousands of Manchester - 
United, Chelsea, Everton and a few others. 

This week Douglas Hogg, from the Home 
Office, and Richard Tracey, the Minister for 
Sport, have farther meetings with Bert 
Millichip and Croker, of foe FA, and Philip 
Carter and Graham Kelly, of foe Football 
League, for discussion on the membership 
scheme demanded by the Prime Minister. 
Hogg win report to the Home Secretary. 

In defence of football's attitude, against 
accusations by Ndl Madariane, foe previous 
Minister for Sport, that administrators have 
dragged their met, Millichip repeated in The . 
Times last Saturday the cautious view that a 
compulsory identity card scheme “might wdl 
achieve nothing but killing, off professional 
football once and for alL” This makes the 
question whether football is not already killing 
itself . 

Lengthy discussions which I have had with 
both Millichip and Carter reveal, as you would 
expect, a grave and responsible concern with 
the problem, yet it is evident that within the 
ranks of those around than there are only 
short-term solutions, over-ridingly governed 
by financial considerations, for the long-term 

“Ibdicve Luton should be supported, even 
though the management committee voted 
them,” Jonh Smith says, with his 

authority of both chairman of Liverpool and 
the Sports Council. “We should be backing 
anything that any club can do to eradicate 
hooliganism. I deplore that Luton were not 
supported. It was narrow-minded.” 

Yet he is almost the only significant figure in 
the League to have supported David Evans. 
The League, desperate to climb back 'on to the 
European carousel, seeks medicine rather than 

“We need to be radical, really strict, and get 
down to the roots,” Evans said before a 
splendid match against Forest last Saturday. 
“Anybody wanting to watch professional 
football should have to be affiliated to the FA 
or foe Leagwty an identity canL They should 
do so because they want to be proud to 
demonstrate that they belong to an organiza- 
tion which is for members only and doesn’t ad- 

. •. ■■ 

■ ' V / “ -'S' '’Mi-'jf: •‘•Vj 


David Evans: Radical solution 

mit people who kick over the during room 
table. It should be respectable, not furtive, to 
say that you are a football fan, and in 
brooming a member you should expect 
security. Here at Luton, we’ve gone over the 

Stoning next season, it is Luton’s proposal 
to offer 500 computerized tickets to each 
visiting dub, with the computer identity 
cancelled after each match; the following 
season, 1,000 tickets. Anyone arrested, Evans 
suggests, should be harmed for life from 
attending football, and anyone fiddling a 
second identity card through a relative or 
friend and again arrested should be punished 
in foe courts. 

Football’s justifiable complaint against gov- 
ernment in the past has been inadequate 
penalties imposed in the courts. Changes in 
the Public Order Act have hardened the 
position, as have the new regulations on 
alcohol consumption. The Government m 
return looks for more collaboration on 
membership schemes. 

Football's argument is that identity cards 
are. firstly, difficult and expensive to admin- 
ister for crowds of say, more than 20,000, and 

secondly, are an infringement of freedom 
traditionally enjoyed by spectators. A defi- 
nition of freedom, however, is the liberty to 
behave unimpeded so long as the freedom of 
others is not impaired. Football long ago 
crossed this social boundary. 

The ONLY argument today for tolerating 
off-the-cuff visiting supporters —as opposed to 
those who, like theatre-goers, are prepared to 
book seals in advance — is financial: mid even 
that factor can be seen to be self-defeating. 

In the days before teenage wages and cheap 
travel, visiting crowds were almost non- 
existent and watching football was a pleasure. 
All foal changed in foe sixties, when, allegedly, 
we never had it so good. Crowd involvement 
was exhorted by prominent manage such as 
Bill ShankJy, whose wefi-intentioned but 
absurd maxim that football was more im- 
portant than life and death found gullible 
disciples. Many of us, I fear, were drawn into 
the web of acceptance of spectator involve- 
ment, foe cull of the ordinary. 

This philosophy reached its nadir when Ron 
Atkinson praised the supporters of Manches- 
ter United from the steps of the City Hall for 
having helped the team at Wembley “save” a 
Cup Fmal after having a man sent off. It is not 
without significance that Manchester United 
were one of those dubs seeking to restore then- 
position in European football by legal action. 

Both Millichip and Smith reluctantly con- 
cede that England’s re-admission into Europe 
next season would be premature. “Fve seen 
nothing to make me alter the view I expressed 
six months ago,” Smith says, “even though 
many European dub chairmen have told me 
they will not be happy until English dubs are 
playing again.” 

“One riot and we shall be 
out again for all tune” 

Comments in a speech by Millichip at a 
centenary dinner of Shrewsbury Town, re- 
ported out of context, suggested a return was 
acceptable to UEFA, and imminent. This was, 
and is, not so. “I'm doubtful if we’re ready, be- 
cause of the situation of law and order in the 
country in general,” Millichip says. “We shall 
be exceedingly worried (when the time comes) 
at pur first exposure back in Europe. Any 
decision to return has to be justified. One riot, 
and we shall be out again for all time.” 

That return, by the England XI rather than 
fry dubs, will occur in 1988, if the team 
qualify, in the European Championship finals 
in West Germany, where. Millichip admits, 
foe German fans wifi be waiting for us. 
England has been fortunate that following 
Heysei, the World Cup finals were in distant 
Mexico and that the opposition in the 
European qualifying competition is in rel- 
atively distant Turkey and Yugoslavia and 
domestic Belfast. 

“We are foe only country that exports our 
hooligans,” Millichip says, reflecting lhat the 
European finals of 1984 were noticeably 

peaceful when England failed to qualify. “How 
can we expect UEFA to organize its com- 
petitions specifically to take account of our 

Already, Millichip and Crokerare receiving 
taunting letters from so-called England 
supporters saying “see you in Germany” and 
boasting foal they are National Front or wifi 
pay for foe trip with DHSS subsidies. 

With everybody in the game agreed that the 
only possible future for English participation 
in overseas football is for the total exdusion of 
visiting fans — Millichip, Carter and Smith are 
all adamant on this — why cannot Football 
League dubs accept the corollary in their own 

Football offers the biggest 
opportunity for a punch-up 

Carter correctly says it is an illusion that 
there are problems every Saturday at all 46 
League matches, and asks by what standards 
behaviour in England is being judged by 
UEFA when considering a possible return: 
especially when trouble is equally apparent in 
The Netherlands, West Germany, Italy, Spain 
and even foe Soviet Union? “Where is our 
representation in UEFA,” Carter asks plain- 
tively, a reflection upon Britain's dearth of 
leaders nowadays within the international 
governing organizations. 

He points to foe statistics of foe Police 
Federation: arrests 44 per cent down in 1985- 
S6; that arrests were for less violent offences; 
that dosed circuit television, now installed at 
all first and second division grounds, is 
increasingly effective in reversing foe thugs' 
motivation - football offers the biggest 
opportunity for a punch-up with the smallest 
possibility of detection. 

Yet so long as supporters are able to travel 
without membership cards, the risk of 
disruption remains. Events this season at 
Middlesbrough, Exeter and Darlington, and 
more notably on foe cross-Channd ferries 
transporting Manchester fans, have proved 

John Smith says that European fin al* should 
in future be home and away (like the UEFA 
Cup) with no visiting supporters; but this, as 
Millichip has pointed out, is tailoring Euro- 
pean football for the convenience of England’s 
ailment. Never mind that foe Belgian admin- 
istration at Heysei was contemptuously inept 
beforehand and on match day. 

The view within football tends to be: shift 
the trouble from inside foe stadium into the 
streets and then it’s up to foe Government. 
Where I would take issue with both Millichip 
and Carter is that the illness is society's and 
football is an integral pan of society. For 20 
years or more professional football, obsessed 
with money, has turned a blind eye on 
mo rality and is now reaping foe whirlwin d. 

( tomorrow ) 

The 12-year- rids 

Degrees awarded by the University of Bath 

The foBowingdcgrees have been 
awarded by the University of 


General ArchiteetwaJ Studies 
cum I (Dttf IQ: a s wan . 
Bachelor of Architecture 
Ctm UES Aid. y A Hart. S A R 

SJS'p bn53E;th«w4m!I 

• f* With cttHOcue d edntaooiu 
Applied Physics 

MMTfe. J A and. A M MmdaB. J R 

£tectncal and Electronic 


Electrical and Electronic 

d 2 jSSSS. j o 


DSBtm. ICIXVCMr. PVgw«wL J . 
c wabno. K M TVsoaAPWgCDj 

I watMK-BLUNgfllltedUate^ 

Easiness Adertristrafina 

Fhyrics with Physical 


I»![fe p ci , 8^g? aw - 

Bachrisr of Pharmacy 

U S M Cturtram. C Y 

- - Da vtt*. J LP eOp w^TJ 

. R D FUwr. C A HmUn. T A 

Jones. J C Keen. D NtSTai 
Lawson. I D iMaittaenLA ja AMM*. 

Ro^Va^BvCM 8n*t£*K M J 
TujTc\j WUnanh. A EVWBsoo. L W 

— rtek ' C Mflsfibjsatt * 

as L aSSSS°j p WbUB. 


HI|W AJnwr- P M HU SM 

On 2 row l)i E J AJeMOder. A JBaj- 
H’y.MPBMiaa-.CBte wa.& wBgpm; 
HCJ Bradley. ME Brennan. M M 

_ BrniBey. 
nrainan. A N 

Slcum A C 

T » Gear. D E 

Demon!, ft A DonaJfiLjS J EreaOen. 
t J Farrow, M J F*e«Sf. * L-nm 
M O Giles. M .Djonwa PA 

a JiSw. I? j. W Spencer. 

Ctaukal EttshKcring 


Etechfcsl and Electrode 
r - ■ - 

Materials Science 
{WtefiWM aaa*efcft Camp 
flail 2 (UK »:SH ABm L DaVM. T 

gWfcl. R Cmd, A S J K 

tk R W Cn a riiVT . c J 
KflNUe. D X* SMpnard. S * 

S^£p*D J L3igs;.Pj«-n,A0 

WV 00 U - 

Chenricri Ei^tanarhig 

Ctac 9 (Dte Bto TP Ciun. C M4n« 

Ctm * H Anflrw*. 

m fc'.tC unwhv. D B RvaS. O 
* l» 0* tA J Havdd» 
Furies with Physical 
Etoctranks • • 

• ...BSc • 

”. Appfied Biology 

(pgapOd twMia Coqraa) 

dm ft Ir13 Barter. A J OourdL A 


nw i' <M» 

S M fWA C M FTOit 
r Green, D J Hartahom e, M O 
HoOooTsm LiiacmBB. j Morgaa. j c 
P e rcy . A-Power. K E Proner. D a 

l SL S j^8Sc F iS3Si.S 
N cqmwr, c E 





Wb a ’i* alltxenwjB. K 

a A J MOW. J FMVriUt'iSp 


Qm It SH Battered- L A MynetL J A 
CimzOMr t)5H Aimmmno. R i F 

M SntQL P WI Stall. J wanon. R A 

.. ja £ e M AdflnoiL t A P Dean. J M 


Sw UC J Gore. P M Hard*. JO L 


* T S 

Mathematics and Coopstiog 
ttatepaiad Sa n d wteft Came) 
t* J Podwri y. N W John. T J 
A J Mason. 

• ■>? 3> a Alien. 4 P 
D S Roberta. . 

i CPA Dyfcttr*. KRHallam. DM 

T-<S. W ^Vbo 2S; . N M 
mtor. R OuWaphcnen. J W 
S K Green. J P 
,PS Harrison. S Hawker. 
If. O H Jones. C J Lowe. W 
C M Richardson. C S 

’ UTc G M Bowden. HAM 
r. mi Davies. A Ethert n gMn. 



am i (Dhr o: A 1 D Alanine. A B 
Wh QiXV Coom&eb 

O wyain l tehUi Cam) 

H j C Grimms 


flw Mi rud S s u dale s Coons) 

2 C Brown. 

x k 

.CRMella. D 

P Schtnincertwil. L A 

... b E TutL 

3eTM s H Berkeley. 

Mathematical Studks 

2 tohr 1h N P Gains, 1C D 
m. E A Swtnbarne 
,7 pt 0): a Haddad. E HenQrtr. 

• SG^'chatma. N Paid. 

Motheuratfeal Studies 

HwlffS H); PRL Btaciraan. D G 
» R Taylor. 

Mathematical Studies - 
L M wood. 

(tetBtnted a sai t wk n codas) 
CUn is tL M AtsfUrd. S A Batawau. 
N N Coflra. 

9 mm S)t A J flnnnrTt tl Swan. 
SflNr feu Austin. T P Oaten. 

MsUhenntks and ComptUing 

1 (Dh O: S tanao. 

2 (Dh IQ: O C Morgan . 

Mathematics * B<| Cmpoting 

A Walter. 

P har macology 
(MegradM SomMcS Cobbs) 
Cbn is P □ Comm. R Z KonovwakL 
Oaxs J (DM); S Guard. V M McPalu*. 
JMMoDbne. J C NelU. J R Powell 
Cbm 2 (Dw IQx A J DBbbaoh. L C 


Cho z (Dlv Q: H Trtcfcey. 


(IHayiM Sa ndw fcl i Combs) 
ft RR HansTord. M C Hart. 

~ (Dlv I): D C Boulton. A E 

1 2 (Dfci B);RJ Ctmnii. C D Pane. 
* S A CSM. 


Cots ft A J Davisson. M D Jubta. M P 
K Kwan. 

Clan 2 (Dh D! A C Lambert R 
Stem*. A b_ SE ns. A J Seed, 
caw 2 (bWlQ: E R Hoe. R L OMQcU. 
Ctaxs xpk Q»w. b S Dean. P A 
Jeffery. G b Mann. 


European Studies 

Boss 1: A T Gttmn. L Gibson. „ 
Clast 2 (Dh h: G Btee. S Bo Ron. V A 
Bottle. J DOw. N J CotUns. L A 
Habtree. H Craoo. S J Davey, J L 
Davies. J C Duntord, E A Earwaker. 
r e Ebon. n« reoaea. J Foster. J e 
Gardiner, S J Green. N A Omn. J C 

BW 1: S J Patterson _ 

Pass 2 (DWJ): A J Tiuin. a T Row* 
Clasa 2 (OK in: r j Ansell. T 
Donaldson. S M R Gardner. A K 
HeMon. M P Johnson. M Ptdmps. D J 

Class iBJ v Stephenson 

Engraeering with French 
(TRWnud frTiolr.1i Course) 

Oam 2 CDtv Digs Broad: D Fuschiuo. 
G S VlBDurmix Henday 

Engineering with French 
Oass 2 (P*» my. ) -w Aylen 

Engin e er ing with Gcnnaa 
auagmod Saadurkdi come) 
dost S (DM I): A J Revans. T G 
H): A P Nein. M C Nedl 

(h tt B i tM SamtwMi Como) 

Class t: JR Palin. M J Soealonan 
Class 1 (On I>: J R J Bemham. F S 
Brooks. J A Dean. S M □ Emerldoe. L 
C Forresur. M J Sneaknun. D C 

Harding. R J HIBben. A C Holding 

Gus 2 jbtt n): L P J Coleman. K pay. 
R G OSbom. M C Reeve. B A 


B nihHng Engineering 
Clot* ft A R A Marrts 
CUSS 2 (DM ft: J D Barnes. A K Gar. 
A J HattUM. P L H&mB. C C HMM. V 
G Hooper. ,N □ Lancaster. N C Parr en. 
M N Wahta. P J Webster 


Ten BruRoen Cate. MJE WKL A 

aasrwsg. retro h j 

A ei D^ R P cSimyT^^ 

Escoffey. K S RsnOtner. A S Foskrtt. S 
Hancott. L H HowttL J E Hoey. D H 
Long. J M Marcnant. S nkoL m-c 
P anenon. D E Sadter. j ecnoOeid. O 
E Slwlfen. V Thompson. N J Vale. £ 
M Watson. C M Weattwm. A J West. 


fln m p ot ad Saadwtoh Como) 

BSLtW A&^tS BhJ9 - 

H B koMnson 



j. D Bteflnwdior. M ft 




Bowden, ft JChrt. A J 
Dick. N M Jones. C M Joyner 

p Oaykln. M T Doe. 
fey. J W MeOof. S 

Cornish. K P Dunn 

. ... P F Draper, j M FausL 

p j fi runs. K C Foster. M H Frandc. 
p j Hobbs. S E Keen. K S Nayter. M R 

smith. PS T>ter. a M Whitbread 
Saif *: P C ft Miller. 


A D McCQflOChie. A J Walsh 
Economics with Computing & 


aueemud B oia at m CaornO 

Etonoraics & Politics 
OmpacM taadtrisn coma) 
no ft so pnBHM 

' g-J K Manland. D R 

j wilklns ^0, 5 J Bmnai - J Curt *- 

Economics & Politics 
Clou 2 (DM l)j D J AUdns. P Barker. 
A J Burkes. E A Ctu«Jwirk. C E 
Dunham. M T Hlndmarch. 
L J Watts. 

with Research 

noji9l«. R d 
S TRondey. 

Class 2 (DM 

2 (DM HM D R ChafTey. D P 
Fanty. S J Ranger. R J S Reveil. J 

Ctus 3t p R Saunders 

E ugine et ii ig 

Ctns U D J Bell J E Coles, m J Gray. 

Mr#**. J Ashmore. P v 
Budgen. J Burr. H W Cho. J P.Cralon. 
A Jrostor. R M Harris. R P Haycock. 

Ctn*~ 1 Y (Bm T w; G S : Bricfcwood. 1 
Cauen. J D Cedes. J P Ommlntp. JM 
DoRnedan. RAF. Ella. G HewlefL C R 
W Hewlett, D L Jenkins. S Jlwa. W K 
Lai. J W UnnetL L A Orraiusclaic.R J 
Trigg. R E Tuaor. T R TVieed. a E 
WllHams. p c Yati 
Oua tMA Calbvti 

GGuimore. GC. 


Engfaecriug with Frendi 

Ctus 2 (DM Q:J B Stuart. DJ WEale. 

Engineering with German 
teats 2 (DM D:SCF Wood. R C 

CUM 2 (DM 2): s M Thomas. 
General Architectural Studies 

Class ft s A Beynon. J E Kasndan- 
WMe. J L Pnc*. A W WritM. 
ctus 2 fi)h l>: M J HolL M T 
MacdouoNL B A Shenurd. w R 
Sieve ds. A M Theobald. V L Wuiams. 
Class 3 (DM K}: C N ackftelL K A 
Bout. C E France. P T F Funs. C 
Grierson. K J Crix. M E Haft. J J 
Price. J C Temple. A M WhUe. R J G 
WUBa ias. M A W nodi no 
X»m UP BrownTR w iniua. E N 

Sodal Science with History & 
gats Is JE Lewis, 
teus 2 (DM ft; M D BretL R T Davtea. 
GJHat^M Lawrence. GT WWau. 
terns: (Dw Ji)s ah Asian. T s Day! 
CF Wnawatt, J M hbj\t R hres. m j 
MW l-laoram. E J Rfbtem. p c 
&HCUIT. D J Vlckerv 
teut >DJ Manuel. 


Sociology with Industrial 

6 P Hewtoo 

.-2 (DM Or S Connolly. H R Miner. 
J Noncn. 

Sociology with Psychology 

SHS f O’Con^l OavIdson 
teus t (Dm oc c m s Fan. J a 

fl nte pat o d Sandwtcb Cstarsa) 
cuss 2 (DM K): R A B Pierce. C Ward. 

Sociology with Sodfll poficy 
(tnt o gand Sandwloh Coma) 
cuss 2 (DM ft: P M Greer. 

Sociology and Social Work 
dmegratad sandsdsn Comte) 
cun ft JR C^atim. L HaJUTd. 
teus 2 (DM IT. J M Brown. A J 
CrUcher. D A JHlTtevs. J StaTfc. M T 

teB?(Dfci Ds K N Burrowes. T S 
Edwards. K E trator. A J petUfer. 
Corttftaato bi Edu cH on 
R Ackroyd. H I Adams. S R AUVran. s 
c Asfuoa. p D Baku-, w j Baker. C J 
Bangay. R E Barrett. E C Basal. K 
Beavon. R E BtoselL T A Burroughs. V 
E Chaubcn. A M dark. O L Cole. A E 
Cornu. E A j couse. c w Cross. A M 
Crowdy. M D crueils. J S Cummins. S 
Dh-jelLA Dean. C R Deeriim. PAS 
Eddie. R E England. D Eva. Q Evans. 
J C Evans. K m Evans. M D C 
FTnUyson. L j Gibson, j c GUI. D C 
Godwin, E A Godwin, d Grant. S J 

Gray . K j ~ — 



Ja mes. M P jdv es. A J Jenkins. E M 
Johnson. D G Jones. A J King. J H 
Kmsftara. c D Let J v Leek. Y c 
Lilly- 1 N C Lothian. D A Lyons. L F 
Macfarlane, A I Manning. C Marsden. 
H L Mason. S D McFadden. M D J 
McNeflL D A McCraady. R D MUne.J 
F Morris. R C Mudd. A Mite-C M 
Noronha. A R Qwen. w J Palin. K 
Paul. S L Peptow. F a Petraman. A D 
Pickerizig. MJ W Robert. J Podters. 

< J Greenfield. S Hams. M A 
. J P Hides. M E Higgs. S N 
.H Hughes. R L HuWfc K E 


VaSghanT'c’ VecSkajc ’walker. M R 
Wanen. S D White. T Wlboo. C H 

Dtahma In AMUd SocW *»«“„ 
K A Braid wood. J J Gribbln. H C 
HawllSnT P MCGouB. >A SUttmons. 

Cig i oma ki Crop Ndstilw 
H K Baba. 

DCtema bt Otari Emma TnWMB&r 

A M Feymlah. M Forghan)-. 

CNgKxn in Doutaomam Sarita 
j p Dange. D T Food. A Nsgiiranl an 

Di p te r al k Ftari ftriU 

N Z Ahmad, V Ranlan. 

Diploma m t ropnpn S Di dta 
a ft Backhouse. RAC On tettati.- M D 
Coupon, c Hinon. p C.Hpmte. ” 

BW. s ° SMirnAr j K J K L “V_ 

™ia com II): M caioen. t> M q^uhbs at Translation and LtepdstUi 
Mgsotm; B ft A M Klfanda. 











f 8 












t a 

i as 




***** * SL 


Owen Glendower well 
treated by today’s 
weights at Southwell 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Following that runaway win Owen Glendower to run off 

his old rating from which be 

at Fontwel! Park a fortnight 
ago Owen Glendower. is 
napped to win the Hawthorn 
Handicap Chase at Southwell 

There are two important 
considerations to bear in mind 
when deciding whether or not 
to support Richard Holder's 
useful yet lightly raced nine- 
year-old this afternoon. 

The first is the fact that his 
weight does not include a 
penalty for the Fontwell wm 
because it was a conditional 
jockey’s race where they are 
exempt. The second is that be 
made all the running and won 
by 12 lengths on what was his 
first appearance on a race- 
course for more than a year. 

Not surprisingly the handi- 
capper has been quick to take 
that into account when 
compiling future handicaps, 
so much so that Owen Glen- 
dower will be meeting today's 
rivals Valley Justice and Su- 
preme Bid and Woodburgh on 
eight pounds better terms than 
he would in similar races at 
Ludlow and Nottingham next 

So this is the last chance for 

has recently won by a very 
wide margin indeed. In my 
view those are compelling 
reasons to back him to win 
again and be is preferred to 
Bronwyn, an old rivaL 

Apart from the recent 
Unoxeter winner. Yellow 
Stag, the field for the Birch 
Novices’ Chase includes two 
other interesting recruits to 
the ranks of sieeplechasing. 
Green Gorse and Sandicliffe 

Green Gorse. a winner of 
two long distance handicap 
hurdles at Newcastle and 
Doncaster last season, will be 
far fitter than when he ran well 
on his seasonal debut at 
Wetheiby at the end of 

Sandicliffe Boy showed use- 
ful form on the Flat before 
being sold to the former 
champion amateur rider Peter 
Green all, who won four point- 
to-points with him last spring. 
Saudicliffe Boy was only sold 
again, this time at Doncaster 
in August for 24,000 guineas, 
when Greenall decided to 

retire and disperse his 

My feeling is that the experi- 
ence which Sandicliffe Boy 
gained in the hunting and 
point-to-point field will stand 
him in good stead, and he is 
preferred to Green Gorse. 

Postdyne, who was runner- 
up to that much improved 
chaser Seven Sound at the last 
meeting can go one better m 
the Poplar Conditional 
Jockeys' Handicap chase. 

Following that short head 
defeat by Patrick’s Star at 
Hexham recently Fanny 
Robin should be capable of 
winning the Carlton Selling 
hurdle at Sedge field. I can 
easily envisage Gordon Rich- 
ards and Phil Tuck winning 
three of the races there, with 
Centre Attraction (1.30); Tar- 
tan Twilight (2.30) and Aririn - 
sons (3.30). 

Centre Attraction has a 
seven pound penalty, in the 
Red Marshall Handicap 
Chase, for winning at Kelso 
last week bin so too does his 
principal rival Go wan House 
for a victory at Carlisle. Bui 
this two mile trip should suit 
Centre Attraction. 


for young 

Television viewers will have 
the chance to spot potential 
champions thanks to a new 
venture between the promoters. 
Mike Barrett and Micky Doff, 
and BBC Telcvison. 

Beginning on Thursday, regu- 
lar shows featuring outstanding 
prospects are to be staged at the 
York Hall, Bethnal Green, with 
the top two bouts being tele- 
vised on Grandstand the follow- 
ing Saturday afternoon. After 
eight shows at three weekly 
intervals, viewers will be asked 
to vote for the outstanding 
prospect and he wiD receive a 
trophy and £5,000. 

Thursday's bill features the 
rofessional debut of Daren 
_ >yer. a welterweight, who won 
this year's ABA title with a 
series of six wins inside the 
distance nnr ^ followed that by 
taking the Commonwealth 

consummate ease. Dancing Brave will begin his staid dories in the spring. (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Noble Minstrel disqualified 

Noble Minstrel, the EugBsh 
trained colt, has been disquali- 
fied from first place in the group 
two Criterion de Maison- 
Laffitte which was ran on Octo- 
ber 31. 

Olivier Docrieb, the colt's 
trainer, was informed that the 

routine post-race dope test had 
proved positive to the prohibited 
substance dipyrome. 

A Maison-LafStte vet gave 
the horse a pa in killing rejection 
to calm him down after he had 
travelled badly, and this con- 
tained the offending material. 

Dunwoody out 
of action again 

By Michael Seely 

Richard Dunwoody is out of horse he prepared s° ^brilliantly 



By Mandarin 

Guide to onr in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TMESFORM (CD.BFJ (Mrs J Ryley) B Hafl 9-10-0 

1. 00 Farm} Robin. 

1.30 Centre Attraction. 

2.00 Cottage Leas. 

2.30 Tartan Twilight. 
3.00 St GabrieL 
3-30 Addnsons. 

Michael Seely's selection: 1.30 GO WAN HOUSE (nap). 

The Times Private Handicappers lop rating: 3.00 NIGHT WARRIOR. 

Going: good 

1 J0 CARLTON SELLING HURDLE (£484: 2m 41) (9 runners) 

0F0 KOQA KHAN (R Johnson) r Johnson 4-11-13.. 

1B043-0 PHLLY ATHLETIC (£D)(M Carter) J KetMwefl 4-11-13.. 

Hr P Johnson (7) 
PMven (4) 

0000-0 LUNAR ROMANCE (M Tftunpson) V Thompson 4-11-8 » M HMapson m 

4P DME AND A DOLLAR (Ms J HefiwaO) A W Jones 3-10-10 UsaD Jones 

021 G85ANGREY (G Fenwick) J Ketdewefl 3-10-10 SKetdewefl 

P BEBOP BABY (V Hall) V Hal 3-10-5 Hr A Orkney 

0040 FALASMA (B) (C Bel) C Bel 3-104 

22 FANNY ROOM (D Smith) Denys Smith 3-10-5 

JAY-BEE WINDOWS (Mrs J Lynne Hobson) A Robson 3-70-5. 

84 4-1 

84 16-1 
82 15-6 

— 25-1 

— 10-1 
C Grant •99F64 
D Dutton — — 

Mr J Oebooraa (7) 

1985: PHULY ATHLETIC 3-10-5 S Ketienell (261) J KettteweBB ran 

1,30 RED MARSHALL HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,497: 2m) (4 runners) 

1 212F31 GOWAN HOUSE (CO) (J Walker) W A Stephenson 7-13-3(70*) R 

B West (4) 88 7-2 

RacacanJ number. Draw In brackets. Soc-flgura and dtetance winner. BF-beatan favourite In latest 
torn (F-fefl. P-puted up. U-unseated rider. B- race). Owner ti brackets. Trainer. Age and 
brought down. &sbpped up. R-rBfused). Horae's wadtt. FUder pfus any aftowanca. Tbs Timas 
name (B-6:ir V-rtsor. H-hOttL E-EyeshMd. C~ Private HraKScapper's raring. Appr o xi mate starting 
course winner. D-<Sstanca winner. CD-course pnee. 

3.0 CORNFORTH NOVICE HURDLE (Amateurs: £587: 2m) (18 runners) 















DPI (MIO ANOTHER FLAME (Mrs P Rerrison) W Storey 9-12-0.. 
000000 ASCOT AGAIN (B) (Mrs D FarretQ J P SmMi 10-120 .. 
43-320B CRACK-A-JRW (BF) (P Green) Miss 2 Green 4-12-0 ™ 
400000- DARWNA(R Johnson) R Johnson 4-12-0- 




— 12-1 

Q/00000 DOUBLE LINE (W Stephenson) W A Stephenson 5-12-0 . 
0000-00 DUN WATB1 (E Judge) A Potts 9-12-0 . 

_ L Hudson (7) 00 4-1 

K Johnson (7) — 

P Johnson (7) — 

00032-0 GREY CAHD (Mrs A KartBS) M EBerby 5-12-0 

0440/ MALADHU (Mrs A Robson) Army Rtzgerald 7-12-0. 
000004) WSTEH KILO (UraE Hughes) AW Jones 5-12-0 — 

400002- MGHT WARRIOR (J Mason) A Robson 4-12-0 

2 ST GA8RKL (T Tate) T Tata 5-12-0. 

. Mfse B Judge (7) 
A Fowler 

000-Q3P STRICTLY BACON (BJ1) (P McGbsaon) A D Brown ?-1&0„ 
0)0- SURPASS (RTtoe) RTs» 6-12-0- 

77 — 
• 99 6-1 
04 11-2 
76 7-1 
. Mss FTWe(7) 

Andrew Robson (7) 
Alan Robson (7) 



COUNTRY RHYTHM (Ms MKeodaty Mrs M Kendall 5-11-9 Mrs M KondsB (7) 
003 HATSU-GWE (R Swiers) R Swtora 5-11-9 SSwtora(7) 


LIGHTER SHADE p Heslop) W Read 4-11-9 . 

00- MAREJO (Mrs F Walton) F Walton 5-11-9 

RUNAQER (T Litton) J Bony 4-11-9 

.. A Orkney (7) 
J Wahon 

t98& UPTOWN 5-11-7 Miss P S»ray (5-1) A Bate 16 ran 

2 011P-01 CSTOIE ATTRACTION (D) (Mrs V Mason) G Retards 7-11 -13(7ex) 

3 PP42-0 POLOKI (Mrs G Fastaim) G Fairbaim 9-10-6 

4 OPIOO-O BOSTON LAD (D) (M Oldham) R Woodlouse 5-10-0 

S3 [5-4 
. P Tuck 92 7-4 
B Stony 93 6-1 
D Dutton ■ 89 5-1 

1885: VlLLBtSTOWN 6-11-6 R Lamb (4« lav) w A Stephenson 8 ran 

FORM HOUSE (11-2) stayed on weitotete Weight Problem ( 1 1-3)21 atCartele ( 2 m 4f. 

rwn m good ©soft Nov 10. 10 ranL CENTRE ATTRACTION (166) baatnw Howtet(I0-0)2? 
BOSTON LAD (10-0) a well beaten 8th at Kelso (2m. £1612, good. Nov 12, 9 rant. POLOKI wee beio 
latest 3tarL^gvl ^^ (10^2|4^2nd to Pnnce Bubbly (10-2) aSrlsIs (2m. 


below farm 

good. Oct 24. 9 ran). 

24) DICK BREWTTT MEMORIAL HANDICAP CHASE (£1,945: 3m 600yd) (Brunners) 

1 40220-4 CASA KMPE(CD)(J Thompson) DLm'11-11-10 Mr H Brawn (7) ere 4-1 

012123- RANDOMLY (M Thompson) CBaB 7-1 1-8 C Grant 93P94 

97 3-1 
87 5-1 
93 7-1 
95 1M 

3 001 FD -0 LABOEUF (CD) (Mrs MLamb)D Lamb 10-11-6. 

6 1FPP0-3 COTTAGE LEAS (C) (N Hanas) M Hterfjy 7-10-13. 

7 F1-PP KMG OF TYRE (W Seilers) J Psrkes 9-10-7 

8 01O-PP0 BUSK FUZZ (W Stephenson) W A Stephenson 61 60. 

— Ml 

— R Balfour 
TP White (7) 

1965: MISTY SPIRIT 5-10-12 A Stringer (5-2) D Lee 6 ran 

FORM 5^*®°**^ 01 -6) s}**?®*^ when beatiwAnfesee (11-6) 1 Wat Newcastle (3m NovCh, 
1 Wfl,n £1 1 04,good to sort, Apr 10. 7 ran). LABOEUF (1(>6) last got hte head in front when besarngLUe 
Frenchman (11 J)1 Slat Hexham (3m. £2208, soft. May 10,5ran); on raappeaanoo (11-3) bturttoBdawevhto 
chances wtun 23541 5th to Biackhawk %r(1 1-7) at Cartels (3m. £2051 . good to soft. Nov 10. 9ranL COTTAGE 
LEAS (10-9) had CASA KMPE ft 1-6) 201 back in 4th when 2W 3rd to Dunoomte Prince (11-6) here (3m 21 
160 yds. £1964, good. Nov 4. 7 ran). CASA KNPE (10-7) bettor effort when 121 2nd to The Thinker ( 12 - 2 ) ai Ayr 
3? 1f4 gy V MNO OFTraE «1-0) successful last season when beating Another HaU 

(11-4) at Cartmai (2m 5f. FI 623, good. May 24. ib ran)- well below form this season. 

X30 STUJMGTON HANDICAP HURDLE (£904: 2m) (16 runners) 

2 308-140 DUKE OF DOLUS (CO) (B Ritchie) W Storey 7-11-9 




33060 nranosn P 8 1 Daffing) Oanys Snrth 4-11-3. 

W NOfTTHEHN RIVER (D.BF) (Mrs E Hewttsan) J S WBson 4-11-3 . 
440110 ATKMSOfB (D) (Bears ttie tote T Mstctote) G Richards 5-11-3- 



200640 JODY'S BOV (D) (R Awton) R fi-llj 

. Mr S Swtera (7) 


fn 060 B MMIIGnp)p f Ttfhv MMt _____ 



OI-OOP MOHT QUEST (h) (J fifths) P llnrtl h 4-16H . 


024220 CUCKHAM LAD OH (M Mtvtoy) N Cteunterlasi 6168 


3-04300 FROSTY TOUCH pn (Mrs E Sack) Mrs E Stock 6167 

Miss D Stack (7) 



136 ARCVHJ5 FRED (F Vlonert J Barry 4-167 




20 4802/20- CAHUNGFORD BAY (Q(D Tata) RGrajr 7-160- 

21 001- ELNAR-LE-HAR(0)(REdelson)T Cunningham 4-1(H>.. 

44-3434 LAUGH-A-MMUTE (0) (IBs D CuRiam) Mrs 0 Outturn 7-1136. 

022300 SPECIAL SETTLEMENT (T Booty) R Alan 5-10-6 

10400/0 KERSE. (D)(J Svriera) J Swters 9-104) . 

A Berry (7) 

D Tetter (7) 92 5-1 

80 8-1 
92 0-1 
• 9910-1 

90 14-1 

96 — 
98 12-1 
98 7-1 

97 12-1 
88 — 

OOOSQ/P IQNG9 HOLT (Mrs J Waggott) N Waggon 7-106- 

£ Chariton 

— PDennis (4) 

T Waggon (7) 

B Storey 


2-30 RACING POST TOP OF TOE NORTH NOVICE CHASE (Quaftfiar £893: 2m) (8 

3 0430-2F BILLY TOBW (T OSUtetWl) S Payne 6-1 1-Z 

5 BglBM ™P«E WAY (H Whaon) R TatB 5-11-2 

6 OOOPO- LUMBER QUAY (A Madaggart) A Mactaggart B-l 1-9 Mr D Mactoflgart (7) —361 

. B Stony — 10-1 
J Hansen 80 5-1 

MrJWMon *99 F5-2 

7 022/P20- MIGHTY MARK (Mrs FWUoti)FWMon 7-11-2. _ 

9 00-0 TARTAN TWILIGHT (Ednhugii Wootten MS Lid) G Richards 5-11-2 PTucfc — 4-7 

10 00RH-F VALEN TINOS JOY (G Okkoyd) G Ottoyd 7-11-2 M Pepper 8116-1 

11 02- WEST L BtK (W Steptamert) W A Stephenson 6-11-2 R Lento 8020-1 

12 02F2-P0 PERFECT IMAGE (CRanntson)W Storey 6-10-11 DTetter(7) 90 11-4 

19BS: No conwpondtog race 

1965: F1EFOOM 5-10-0 K Teelan (9-2) W Storey B ran 

FORM *«?% , I.*5** K * ’fermsatCahisla but had FR08TYTQUCN and 

. . KHglL h rean pWvloig»y(11-9)9 W l 4th to RajsabBton (10^1 with JOtTTS BOY (11-101 arfla- 

tant : 7to L H«tham (2m 4f . £952, (ton, Oct 10, 6 ran). N0HTHBW RIVER a disappointing 5th start nrevf- 

ISrJeatfll-gina novice hurdte at Ketso (2Jn. mm. OctlS. 7 ran). A7WNSONS 

kmraim a VVtarceston earlier won novico hunfles at Psrtti (&n) and Cartmei On If). 

or^ tvtee jtvfi Mason, final stol on 965 (1 1-0) beat My Hanrfaonw Boy (11 -Q)10Lat 

iout dasse dbahsid 
NX3HT WEST has nm 
Hexham (2m Nov H.E .. 

Course specialists 

Danys Sndtti 


Wnnsra Runners 
30 178 



R Lamb 








Jtaimy Fnzgeraa 







C Grant 

B Storey 







W Stephenson 












P Tuck 











By Mandarin 

1. 15 Postdyne. 

1.4S Seasoned Ember. 

2.15 OWEN GLENDOWER (nap). 

2.45 Elsea's Image. 
3.15 Sandicliffe Boy. 

3.45 Cruden Bay. 

By Michael Seely 

2.15 Owen Glendower. 3.45 Cruden Bay. 

Going: good 

(8 runners) 

3 30-1 IPS PRICE OF PEACE (CD) (G Faber) C J Befi 8-11-7 

4 4FO/3-04 THE SMALL IflRACLE (P PIcMes) N Bycroft 8-11-1 

5 300F0/D- CROWECOPPBR (Mrs M Price) BPreece 7-11-0 

7 0034P-3 ABERSING p Todd) D Todd 11-10-9 

10 004U1 SUEVE BRACKS! (B.CD) (W Bethel) P Btoddey 10-10-0 

11 4-3402U SO) LESTER (COBTO (R Urarmore) J Thomas 10-100 

— L Harvey 


— G Landau 
A JQamn (5) 

12 0413342 POSTDYNE (CD) (D Dick) W Mann 11-1M- 

J Herat (5) 

13 00P0-R2 MLSYTH (M Ponton) D Bundled 7-10-0 

W Ham phrays (5) 
- D J BorcheB (5) 

1985: YOUNG HAWK 12-10-12 E Murphy (9-2) C Jackson 7 ran 

1.45 SYCAMORE SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£758: 2m 4f) (17 runners) 

321 0P- NASHOOD (CD) (T Wfeon) Mrs N Macauley 5-11-10 GMeCourt 

3101041 FtLS-DE-ROl [Mrs P SlyJ Mrs P Sly 5-11-6 M Bastard 

443-OF HOOICM LANE (P Chnstohxou) Miss A King 5-1 1-4 PDerar 

POOO-OQ AESCULAPIUS (B.C) (R Griffiths) R Juckes 5-11-1 TWH 

014032 SEASONED BABER (B) (G Parry) J Bradley 5-10-13 G Davies 

0423/041 GALLANT NATIVE (Mrs A Booton) M CastBA 6-10-10^.. 

80 5-1 
— 20-1 
88 8-1 
98 12-1 
94 6-1 
93 7-2 

96 7-2 
90 10-1 
90 14-1 
— 12-1 

2.45 WILLOW NOVICE HURDLE (£983: 2m 4f) (IS.rurm ere) 

3 00/0024- COUNTRY CAP (RTowRrend)R Townsend 5-10-12 

00U/F4- DRAGONADE (J Btack&haw) A Moore 5-10-12 

0- ELSEA'S IMAGE (P Short) Mrs M Ockikun 5-10-12 

40PP- M ALL FAIRNESS (Mrs C Fsaftwr) W Haggas 5-1 0-1 2. 
*8222-4 MET OFFICER (M Skkxnr) M Skinner 6-10-12- 







23 . 

25 PFPF4B PLATMUM BLOW (T Sunar 6 Son Lid) R Carter 5-10-7.. 
29 00- WBXHNG SONG [D Smith) C TnotSne 4-10-4. 

Mr D Tow ns end (7) 

G I 

0 PYLEIGH ROjOi (MTS C Button) T BB 5-10-12 

00 QUEENS PATTERN (Mrs M Dawson) P Beaumont 0-10-12. Mss A 

4 SKENT MANUAL (Mrs C BrudeneH-Brace) M H Easterby 5-10-12 

0 WAWBY3 B® (Lady Lyafl) J Webber 5-10-12 

BRAVE ANDREW (M Bourne) Mrs J Evans 4-10-9 

OOP SHANDON BELLS (8 Snath) J Norton 4-10-9 

40- BE7TTS GIRL. (J Hoche) G OMroyd 6-10-7. 

91 8-1 
84 12-1 

G Bradtay 

80 8-1 
■99 F4-5 

P Barton 

L Wyer 

84 11-2 

X Duolan — — 

CHUCXLMG LADY (S Smith) S Smith 6-10-7. 

_ M 

Dwyar — 14-1 


19B& RARE PLEASURE 7-11-0 P Barton (8-11 fav) R Cartor 15 ran 

3-15 BIRCH NOVICE CHASE (£944: 3m 110yd) (11 runners) 

S Woods (7) 
. JSntham 

1 1U RENSHAW WOOD fpf) (M Dawson) P Beaumont 6-10-11 _ Mbs A Beaumont (7) 

2 U403-01 YELLOW STAG (TKelyJR Francis 6-10-11 SJONeM 

3 30UQ/QQ- CALI. UP (R Lambert) A Ntgtittng afe 6- 10-9 »MChmI 

5 04D0P4I GFEEN GORSE (S Green) N Crump 6-10-9 C Hmfctos 

P00034- WTHJM (Mrs J MeracBth) B Prance 6-10-9 

0000-20 m BUN (Ms PMchasQE Wheeler 6-1LM3 

043P- RODGBl DELLfS Freemen) J Edwards 6-10-9.. 

PAUPB1S 00111 (Mrs P Starkey) J Webber 5-10-7.. 
0OF4U2 PRtHCE METTBHMCH (R England) C J Befi 5-10-7— 
SANDWJFFE BOY (G Barley) R LOS 5-10-7. 

J White 

— P Barton 


OBp/OOF TROPWEN WINBOURNE (R Prtchford) Mrs J Evais 6-10-*_. 

1S8& GIOUA WAY 6-1M P Barton (2-1 <av) O Gmkilto 12 ran 

. SMorahead 
K Dootsn 

92 6-1 

— B-1 
78 8-1 
— 8-1 


•99 7-2 

JD Doyle (4) 

041P/00 DOWNTOWN CHICAGO (D) (A Brewer Ptmbg & Htg Ltd) F Jordan 5-10-9 C SmUh 

F-FO420 SAUCY SPHTE (R Norton) A Jarvis 4-1 08 K Stake (4) 

OOP-PO COLLY CONE [S Dalton) H Fleming 6-108 C Hawkins 

0022B3 DOtMAL DEUX (HF)(R Lbs) R Lee 4-10-7 BDonCng(7) 

13 00200/P- HOT POTATO (L Harwood) H Ramng 6-10-6 B da Keen 

14 0443-P DREAM ONCE MORE (M Taylor) TKtesey 5-10-2 Sesan Kersey (7) 

15 04/003P SOIOAHA (Mrs B Rsnsdsn) K Stone 6-10-2 A Stringer 

16 PS&404 SONG OF CHRISTO (Dr HNgan) A Davison 4-1CL2 R Rowe 

17 0000-SF NABEEH (W Clay) W Clay 4-10-2 DtoneClsy(7) 

18 40-0000 ARNAB (B} (Mrs J Curson) R Champion 6-10-2 D Morris (7) 

20 000000- MMMESmPPER(R Spicer) RSprcer 5-10-2 SKafcMtey 

1985c TBJ. US ANOTHER 6-10-10 J Duggan (64 lav) 0 WBson 12 ran 

2.15 HAWTHORN HANDICAP CHASE (£1 .774: 3m 110yd) (15 runners) 

2 12P-S33 VALIEY JUSTICE (A Carver) C TrtetBne 6-12-0 J Sachem 

3 3/1213-P SUPREME BIO (Lord Cadogan)N Crump 9-1 1-7 CHawMns 

5 00-34RO MLL OF SLANE (MTS MJanris) A Jarvis 10-1 1-2 T Jarvis 

8 3300P-0 GHEENORE PRIDE (A Bent Tennis Courts LMI P Bureoyne 9-10-11 . G McCeen 

7 030P-00 FLYING MISTRESS (C) (T Bed) J Webber O-IO-tO G Hemagh 

0 4P*ta^F WOODBURGH (CO) (M Stevens) J Bosley 8-10-7 MBaatoyfq 

10 2413-30 MARK PAUL (K HflSOn) A Moors 10-10-7 G Haora 

12 040230/ ANSURO (MtoS R SOWtey) R Scnoley 9-10-3 M Branum 

13 23020-0 URARD BOY (D Ferguson) P Ransom 10-10-2 S Mo c to sa d 

14 T33/44-1 OWEN raBflXMWER (Mrs JSpieirnaniR Holder 9-10-1 . 

15 2T22-04 ALICES BOY (Mrs S Roberts) P Francis 5-10-0 

16 U40404 CITADEL ROC (B,C0) (Miss R Dudley) J Bradley 11-10-0. 

17 0233-24 BRONWYN (T Hayward) Mrs 5 Davenport 9-10-0 

18 DF-0042 MOTS RITUAL (J Abed) PFelgate 7-100 R Beggen 

19 U0FU-F2 MASTER CROFT (□ McCain) □ McCain 9-HM) A Murphy (7) 

1005; FLAXEN UNA 7-1 1-13 G Memagh (12-1) J Webber 14 ran 

FORM * T J wy/ 1 3^ to sable Led ( 10 - 1 1 ) with BRONWYN ( 10 - 0 ) 29 back In 4th 

ktf UR ARD BOY (i0-2) a further 18 behind rh 5th at Bongor (3rn El 777 oood Nov 7 7 rank 

oWS C ™SI®^«»WER ( 10 - 1 ) rut extended to beat Bm 

. G Devles 
. P Sfiut e m ora 

97 8-1 
87 14-1 
92 14-1 

— 12-1 

94 61 
97 — 

90 61 
83 161 

94 — 
97 — 

95 — 

87 — 

88 12-1 

95 11-2 
S3 12-1 
98 11-2 
95 61 
92 14.1 

3.45 ALDER HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.109: 2m) (12 runners) 

1 2/4F20P- SIR LUCKY (P Brown) B McMahon 7-11-10 TVd 

2 120062 CRUSH BAT (D) (P Bradley) P FelgalB 61612 S Johnson 

4 Oy-y EM8WN S IOT( D)(ABrtsfaoume) A Bnsboume 11-1610 M Brisbane 

5 10003 °- SOLD RODERKW (D) (G Rcftenas) Gremdte Rtchanb 7-169 Hu T Darts (7) 

6 P4/D0O1- BUGATTI (BJD) (D MaBun) □ Biachefl 610-8 

8 310001/ PtSmLE FLASH (D) (D Jenkins) D Rnger 6164 

9 362000 CHI MAI (8£Q) (A Guy! J Norton 6163 

10 203240 DRAW THE LME (CD) (Mrs M Stewart] B Richmond 7-161 

11 040PO-0 WHAT WILL I OSAR (CD) (Mrs P Spicer) R Spicer 610-0 .. 

13 000/406 PERSHING (Mrs M Boom) J Lagh 6160 . 

14 241/006 BARRBtA LAD (D) (R Townsend) H Townsend 6160 

16 P00316 KHATT1 HAWK (BXf) (N Townsend) C Jemes 4-160— 


— J Bartow 

— M Dwyer 

- POoutgea 

- S Kaighhay 
, PBtaekbvn 

Mr O Town se nd (7) 

C Cox (4) 

93 12-1 
•98 F61 
96 14-1 
01 161 

96 11-2 

02 161 
91 11-2 
90 — 

97 7-2 
— 161 
97 16* 

1985: PETER MAR7W 4-1613 S HoBand (10030 fav) F Lee 19 ran 

hi saptaatoar 1985 (2m. El 286 good to 
^ffi^w™EUW^^ ^^^ Xe(1 ^ t2rn - EG8S -9Wod»»«.Apr9.10 ran)! ** 

Course specialists 



Winners Rmws 

Per Cent 




Mra M Dtefctnson 




M Brennan 




J Webber 




J Leigh 








W Clay 




Only QuaBfiere 


• The Racecourse Association is to reconstruct its press and publicity organisation, 
tbe Racing Information Bureau. The R.I.B. is lo be re-named the Racecourse Pub- 
licity .Agency and will be under the direction of Mr Ian Pitbers, Mrs Lisa Lambert has 
been appointed principal Press Editor. Sir Peter Leng. RPA chairman, said: “My 
board is keen to improve the public's awareness of racing, and 10 develop the market- 
ing side of racecourses during the next few vears." 

action again after injuring his 
back at Leicester yesterday. 

*T don't quite know what I've 
done to it," said the jockey. “But 
I shall obviously have to have 
some treatment. I hope to 
resume riding again at Kemptcm 
Park on Thursday.” 

David Nicholson, the trainer, 
said that he wanted Dunwoody 
back in the saddle for 
Newbury's important weekend 
meeting, where the jockey’s 
mounts indude Voice Of 
Progress on Friday and Charier 
Party in the. Hennessy Cognac 
Gold Cup on Saturday. 

“He's had six fells in pretty 
quick succession,” said the 
Gloucestershire trainer. “Any 
jockey is bound to be shaken up 
after that. What he needs is a 
couple of day’s rest” 

The da magi* was inflicted 
when Woodside Road slipped 
on the final bend before finish- 
ing second to Fireworks Night in 
the John O'Gaunt Novices 
Chase.“The horse's bead came 
up and hit mine, and that did 
something to my back,” added 
the jockey. 

The John O'Gaunt Chase was 
certainly a chapter of accident 
before Woodside Road finished 

Rising Forest, the 5-2 on 
fevourite, was expected to fol- 
low-up his recent Southwell 
victory for Jimmy Fitzgerald, 
but, dismayed his supporters by 
felling at the third fenixs. 

There were only four survi- 
vors from the eight runners as 
Steve Smith Ecdes rode Fire- 
works Night to an easy victory 
for John Rose, the owner- 
breeder. and Nicky Henderson, 
tbe trainer. 

Predictably, Henderson had 
little news of See You Then, the 

to win last season's Champion 
Hurdle. “At least he’s started 
cantering,” he said, with a smile. 

The only one of Dunwoody’s 
mounts to be placed was Echo 
Sounder. After moving up to 
look dangerous early in the 
suaigbt, the 7-4 favourite could 
only finish third behind Numer- 
ate, who completed a long-range 
treble for Oliver Sherwood, who 
also saddled two winn ers at 

Tbe stewards were certainly 
kept busy after the Thorpe 
Satchville Hurdle. After Kevin 
Mooney had driven Quikmtaro 
the post half a length in 
it of Phil Tuck on Musk Be 

The authorities bdd separate 
inquiries into the riding Dark i 
Ivy, the of mount of John 
Quinn, who third, and 

into the running of That's Your 
Lot, the 2-1 favourite, who was 
pulled up on the final bend. 

The stewards asked why 
Q uinn had appeared to take j 
matters easily on Dark Ivy, who ! 
finished four lengths behind his | 
stable companion. Music Be I 

They accepted the jockey's 
explanation that he was told to 
lie dose to tbe pace, and on no 
account to knock tbe horse < 
about nor use his whip behind ■ 
the saddle as the horse had 
become soured-off when trained 
in Ireland. 

They also accepted tbe 
explanations of Smith Ecdes, 
That’s Your Lot jockey, and of | 
Miriam Francome, wife of the 
trainer. “The gelding made mis- 
takes, was never going wdL was 
swamped on the final bend and 
as something was obviusly 
amiss, the jockey decided to poll 
him op.” said Mrs Francome. 

Sydney (Renter) — Joe 
Burner, tte 5 « year-old British 
he a v y we ig ht, said yesterday be 
hoped to meet tbe World Boxing 
Association (WBA) heavy- 
weight champion. Tim 
Witherspoon, in a boot early 
next year. 

Bugner, a former European 

and ^MMim iw y-illIt fham piiw, 

continued his comeback on Fri- 
day by outpointing David Bey, of 
tbe United States, over 10 
romds. It was his second win 
since Fetnniing to tbe ring after a 

British colt in Flatterer takes 
the money another Cup 

Bold Arrangement, the mount 
of Alex Solis, finished an ex- 
cellent third in tbe Hollywood 
Derby in California on Sunday 
night He was beaten one and a 
half lengths by the former 
French trained Thrill Show and 
Air Display. 

SoLis had Clive Brittain's colt 

Flatterer, ridden by Jerry 
Fishback, gained ample 
compensation for missing foe 
Breeder’s Cup Steeplechase by 
winning the Colonial Cup for 
foe fourth time, at Camden. 
South Carolina, on Sunday. 

The griding, trained by Jona- 
than Sheppard, took up the 
mile ont and came j 

ETU““s3E — w « 

cj„ ofTurt. H-d J gei I 

gomg Uke the winner until tiring 

awin' in third. 

Toe fust two home in the 
Breeder’s Cup Steeplechase, 

Census and Kesslin, who was to 
be ridden by Irishman. John 
White, were both scratched 
from the race. 

dose home. 

Bold Arrangement added an- 
other $30,000 to his overseas 
earnings for 1986, having al- 
ready been placed third in the 
Bluegrass Stakes and second in 
the _ 

BUI Mordey. tbe Sydney pro- 
moter, said be bad asked his 
New York agent, Don Majeski, 
to sound oat the possibility of 
matching Bugner and 
Witherspoon. Bugner said: “Of 
the three world heavyweight 
champions, Witherspoon is foe 
dosest in style and power to Bey, 
so that is very encouraging-” 
Witherspoon defends bis 
WBA crown against Tony 
Tubbs in New York next 
nHmth-“I want to go straight for 
foe title now,” said Bugner, who 
lives in Anstialia. “I'm one of 
the few good white heavyweights 
around, so a fight against 
Witherspoon would be a finan- 
cial bonanza.” 

Gaines gokl medal in Edin- 
burgh- He meets Trevor Gram, 
of Lewisham, while Dave Dent, 
a welterweight from foe Terry 
Lawless stable, who is unbeaten 
in 10 professional fights, takes 
on Steve Elwood, who beat him 
three times as an amateur. 

The purpose of the series is to 
(ive exposure to good young 
ighters. “In foe past, boxers of 
this calibre would make their 
start in the sport by appearing 
on supporting contests at big 
shows at Wembley, and the 
Royal Albert Hali.” Barrett said. 

j wouM- pass virtually 
unnoticed. This way they wilt 
attract attention from the begin- 
ning and their talent wiD 


on top 

By a Correspondent 

Top honours at the Welsh 
Open in Cardiff at the weekend 
went to three international fenc- 
ers from the London Thames 
dub. Linda Strachan beat Mau- 
Gemral Poly- 
foe foil, Sbeena 
Clark beat tbe Jane Litimann, of 
the United States, 10-9 at epee; 
and Steve Roose beat Jan 
Tiyenius, of Sweden, 12-1 i to 
gain his third Welsh epee title. 
The men's foil tide was won 

tncky Derby. 

Results from two meetings 


C Wrap chase course- good to .firm, 
hunfies course- good 


12j45> (2m Me) 1, POWERLESS 

Scudamore. 9-2); 2. Gofcfea Fox 

Perratt. 561k 3. Wafcnsr Sands , 
Warner, 261). ALSO RAN: 1611 tav 

MftHght Train (48iL 7-2 Chide GM ‘ 

25 Moores Motto. Sister Clare (6ti 

mctoMto. Ptopahmlnt Lass. Phorwh's 

Treasure, 50 Sack Spout, 

Park. Samsun, Unit Tent i . 

Mora. Persian Pmcsss. 22 ran. 

4L 4L II, 4L 25L F Winter at Lantooura 

Tote: £5.60; £1.70 £2330. £4.00. DF: 
£67 JO. CSF: £215.02- 
1.15 am Mle) 1. TINSEL ROSE 
y. 7-1); 2. Sancton (R p 

U rtln u 

a Court Refer (M Bovrtfw. 261) __ _ 

RAN: 4 fav La Cftarmtt (to* 7 Taylors 

Renovation, 8 Supreme Dancar. 9 

PatChOuTs Pet 12 Grosvenor Coirt. 14 

Maftabad. My Monte. Poco Loco, 20 Tiber 
Gate (504, !S Choristers Dream. 33 
WTientheiwidMows. Rockaff. Rudolph 

Mato. Sonny Hfll Lad. Batdaraen. Imey 

May Queen. Low Ration (4th). 20 ran. NFL- 
Vutaans.SoteniRyer. 1JH. lS.nk.2&I.SL 
D Tucker at Rome. Tm* £7.40: £280. 

£2-20 £4.10. DF: £26.60. CSF: £39.67. No 


1.45 (2m 41 ch) 1. NUMERATE (C Cox. 
4-1): 2. Weight Protean (M Dwyer. 62); 3, 
_ . . IR Dtmwoody. 5-4 fevL 

ALSO RAN: 10 Rejuvenator (4th), 14 Goto 

Porter (GAL Oyster Pond (u) 25 
Emmasan, Ehinsaa (5th). 8 ran. Nfc Bit Ol 
Til® Action. IttL 71. 4L HI. 12L O 
Sherwood to Upper Larahoum. Tote: 
£4.80; £1.10. FI.KL £1.10. DF: £15J». 
CSF: £20.32. 

2.15 (3m Ch) 1, FIREWORKS NIGHT (S 
Smith Ecdes. 7-lfc 2. Woodside Road (R 
3. Baanfenana Value (J 
’ ' RAN: 2-5 lav 

(f). 20 The TMraty Farmer (4A) 

Florence May (0. 68 Muriow (puL Sewn 
Acres (mi)- 8 ran. NR- Gotoga 151, DM, 
15L N Henderson to Lantooum. TotB: 
£8.40: £1 JO. E1J0. £1.00. OF; £8.76 
CSF; £3621 

245 (2m hdto] 1. OUtLANTARO (K 
Mooney. 161); 1 Music Be Magic (P 
To A. SfS ?r , D ®iL h 'Y (J Otonn. 161 ). 
ALSO RAN: 2 fav Thar s Your Lot tou). 4 
Beat The Retreat (5th). 14 John Rntfer. 

wRon Way (4to). 25 General Brawta 
(Ml). 68 CrtUcto Patti. 9 ran. NR; Annoch. 
«1. «-..1S L U 2»l. C Vernon MOar to 

Stratford-on-Avon. Tote: £29 DO: £280. 

£1 JO. £3.10. DF: £23D0. CSF: £4624. 

Xt5 (2m rxUe) 1. KEYNES (J WWtt. 7-4 
lav): 2. Avoport (M Dwyer, 61): 3, 
StoAoua Talbot (Mr M Annyage. 7-1 L 
ALSO RAN: 3 The Fhazen North 62 
Trackers Jewel (4th). 7 Smithy's Choice. 
20 WBfl Wisner jpu). 33 Duart @BiL Why 
Tumwe (ran. SOBee Garden. Gonna 
Cotoio jpu). &esham Butchers. Kki Pa* 
(BthL I3ran. 71. sh hd, VA. 15L5L JJenMns 
St Epsom. Tots: E3J0; £1-80. £2.60, 

. OF £17.76 CSF- C17JU 
Plaeepos £27.10 

Going: good K> soft 
1JJ Pm 30yd hdta) 1, SIGNALMEN 
Sherwood, 2-1 fart 2. Thto Wei** 
Madgwick. 161h £ TreMs Chence 
Brown, 26 1L ALSO RAM 5*2 My Son I . 
Son (4ttrt. 5 Caning Knife, 7 Razor Sharp. 
9 John Patrick. lOTode Fores AvantMtoi). 

14 Itosar r Prelude, 33 Promrtni Session. 

£2i». D ft £9.30- CSF: £3643. 

. US Chn 4Qgl «*) 1, AWMNG 

3 , p rince 

n. ALSO RAN: 64 lav Atoum 
10630 Fearteas Irqp (4(h). 16 
20 Beech Copse A 33 
.. Jran.5L2J«rSr2dif. M 

Henriquw to Cirencester. Tote: 2330; 

£1^0. £130, £230. DR £1236 CSR 

*aa« uB8seafa 

Baton (8th), 15-2 Ten Below JfL 10 
OKtowa 12 SouMown Sp«f(9h), 16 
Sr Kemvfn. 33 Brtokwater (puL Sacraten 
SenertoCWLII ran.®, 1 vO,Sl,2W.3LP 
Btotejr at Safahury. Toie: £440: £2-80. 
£156 £1 -80. DR £1650. CSR E24.15. 
Trtcast £23758. 


£350 : EZIO. £256'g2a6drDR' £930. 
CSF; £19.19. 


„ , .. lie Maud (S Moore. 

7-4 fev). Also ran-. 9-2 Major Match 
(4thL 7 JoB Wasfi. 10 Pel LoonoW 12 
Dreara Marchant (5th). KM Sta? f4lW 
Gton ffltti), 20 Borneo King. Wionettra. 33 
Ktoan, 50 Chevetong, LauenbeL 14 ran. 
10L7L a. S.2MLR Manhunt to Btsora. 

£1 ' S0, W: 

330 (2m 30yd hdtoj 1. HE PROCES- 
SOR (S Sherwood. 7-2 fav); z Suez (H 
Davies. 16lk 8, Open The Boot (A 
Charlton. 4-1 1 4. HUi Heaven (G Moore. 

12-1L ALSO RAN: l5a- ' ‘ 

7 Above Par. 8 M o rm o n 
14 Tenth of October, ... 

Crown. 20 Folhi ML Meter Festers, 

Avenws m. 25 Hold The Head. Donanion 

at 33 Akado. AaitikL HreChtoftain(Bttn. 
Mgh Ridge. Btefysaedy Hero. 21 ran. NR- 
Pacttst. KL 4L 8L2L O Sherwood to 
Upper Lamboum. Tote: £SJ»; £1 JO, 
E1O70. £150, £220. DF: £2.70 wttwror 
80C0M vrhh any «fw twite. CSft £6633. 
Tneatt: £28536. 

: £17755 

p newven pa iwoora. 
3-2 Rocky's Qal (5(h), 
ton. 10 OpeninaBars. 
r. Harvest IBbrteh 

by Tony Bartlett, of Salle PbuL 
after a dose match with fellow 
international Pierre Harper, of 
Salle GoodalL Bartlett's tech- 
nique of surprise counter- 
attacking finally finished Harper 
at 12 - 11 . 

Epee internationals were 
under great pressure to triumph 
since their competition held 
ying points for the world 
class Challenge Martini next 
March. That pressure caused the 
early elimination of Hugh 
Kernoban and Quentin 
Berriman. the late spurts of 
brilliance from Neal Mallett and 
an excellent display of blade 
work by Steve Roose in the 

, One black spot of the tour- 
nament was the sudden with- 
drawal due to food poisoning of 
the two stars of women's foil. 
Liz Thuriey, British champion, 
and Linda Martin, Common- 
wealth champion, at foe final 16 

RESULTS: Women: Fa* 1 . L Strachan 


Otok (Landm Thames* 2. i Lmraarm 

QJSK 3. T Punon (Modem 

AswcMIon of Great Britton). Men Fofc 1. 


i Paul). 

Roose (London Thames); 2. J 
(Swat 3. NMtfett (BoSon). 




Davis jumps 
to 21st In 
the r ankings 

Tbe success of the British 
PGA champion. Rodger Davis, 
aged 35, in his nativeAustialian 
Open Kfis him to 21st place in 
the Sony international rankings, 
just a few points from breaking 
into the elite top 20. 

A member of the victorious 
Australian team in the Dunhxll 
Cup at Saint _ Andrews in 
September, Davis went on lo 
defeat the defending champion. 
Seve Ballesteros, at Wentworth 
foe following week to reach the 
last four of the world matebpfey 

SOHYRANKBiGS: 1 . Q Norman 

l» D 



teaa (US), 577: 7. H aunonfUS). 752; 
? Sowns (US). 566; 9. A Bran (US). 

: 10. P Stewart (US), 548. 



4 S', 

■* t 




The Prince of Sweden comes out of his solitude to deliver a soliloquy 

Enter Svensson, son of Hamlet 

By Paul Martin 

SJsM Borg, Mate Wiftroder and eves 
Stefan Edberg are mm^ that run 
scarcely be said to con jnre op imuesof 
great wit - or human frailty. Yet the 
latest Swedish player to step ont 

as decent, polite and modest as 
fefknr cnftsmen, is of a 
_ a wry qri^tdh 
» faroodmg nafane. 

A nhdrie sense of famioar (“We hanc a 
anaD factory back home irtere Borg 



. - - voice. 

a character from a Strindberg 
pky, however, and with a tench of young 
H a mlet , too, the 20-year-old who nearly 
became the Benson and <w 

pion last Sunday at Wembley is domd 

by fis of depression interspersed ruth 
periBsls of bright. exuberance. *1 am a 
thinking person - too ranch, and that's 
wfiwtenate,* he explained, as we chatted 
a long corridor beneath the Wembley 

had just completed “ooe of 
hes this year,” the epic 
Y an ni ck Noah, when he 

two sets but faltered in Ms fast service 
game. It had appeared one-way traffic 
until midway through the thir d set when 
‘ a new determination emerged. “I was not 
afraid to lose,** he said. “1 was more 
afraid that the spectators would think I 
was playing rabbfsh.” 

Fartmsatray, anger at his own game's 
errors stirs within him that necessary fire 
to fight b ack , otherwise a somnolent 
lethargy sometimes leads to matches 
slipping away almost ■nnoticed- 

Hfe ability to banish fear daring the 
crucial fag points is a hallmark of any 
tep-dass player and bodes wefl far his 
prospects ©£ advancing his world ranking 
of "27 to the elite mags already occwlefl 

by several of his fellow c ountrym en. 

quest for 

By Chris Than 
Rugby in the Soviet Union has 
" age and the Soviet 


is pabrfaBy aware that his "n ,ntal am ) 
physical shortcomings most be vig- 
orously addressed. Physically, he intents 
to hffid vp the mnsdes of his slender 
kgs, to provide extra and more 

fleetness of foot anmnd the court, a 
weakness exposed cruelly by Noah's 
drop-shots. He is also p n»Hfa% the 
serve-and-TOUey tartir* that he believes 
are hecu u ifag increasingly es sential to 
counter the power gang that thrives on 


faster surfaces and the new, springier 

Largely, though, fas problems are 
within fas mind. “On the coni 1 try to 
keep everything within myself. Kit 
sometimes, winning or losing, I suddenly 
fed depressed. Fm controlling ft modi 
better now. But when I go back ton n e I 
am going to hare a psychologist to teach 
me to concentrate more and improve my 

Svensson’s up-and-down nature often 
leads him to spend two or three days in 
solitude “not saying a word to anyone.*' 
Then h e wffl emerge from Ids «M), 
“start laughing, r ** aft ” i E and having a 
good tram.'' Ttee, he adds, sadly, “I go 
bach to this negative t&inldK again.” A 
week of partying can be followed by a 
month of withdrawal. 

1 doubt if there is mnch wrong with the 
young man that some extra self-con- 
fidence, and a few more tenuis victories, 
could not core. He is a sensitive, 
considerate and surprisingly mature 
person who gives nracb of tfea credit for 
his achievements to fas father, Bengt, a 
dentist, and his motto-, Ulla, a physio- 

Another major factor is the system 
where, especially in snail towns, from 

which almost all top players have 
emerged, youngsters are given priority; 
those in the junior squad nave the best 
court times, between two and six pm. “At 
my dab in onr small 'town of lSjOQQ 
people near Goteborg,’* be recalls, “there 
were three indoor courts bat 400 kids 
wanting to play: if yon were given a 
chance to join the junior squad, you had 
to keep fighting for the privilege.” 

His junior career indnded a win over 
Stefan Edberg in a Swedish jnnkr final. 

New Zealand face a testing 
time before World Cup 

players seem wOfing to prove having; shared the internationals 
that anywhere — save Sooth l' 1 *. Their next international 

Africa — anytime and 
any n at ion they can lay their 
hands ea. Yet they are painfully 
aware of their own nmihtiiwff 
and therefore retnetant to over 
empbastee toe M grifiriw? «f 
their win against Italy on Saa- 
day in a FORA championship 

Igor Mironov, an instinc ti ve 
player, of above the avenge 
abffity scored all 16 Soviet 
points against toe Italians. His 
virtnoro perform an ce at both left 
wing and foB back consisted of 
three penalty goals, one drop 
gral and one try. The try came ia 
injury tim e, at toe end of an 

hnmwiMdy Mttrtiinwg ft. 

As then- friendly, ebam-smok- 
ing conch-manager, Igor 
Bobkov, would tell yon, they 
hate beaten Italy five times eat 
of their efakt pteri o ns en- 
counters (one was a draw) 
without it gettfaa even a men- 
tion. He AH, however tint 
Sunday's win was *i girf*»e 
both becaroe of its 
coming onto six moc 
the World Cap - and becaase of 
a complex set of chcamstanccs 
— with the Itaifans in the World 
Cup and with toe Soviet Union 
out of it. 

When toe chairman of toe 
World OtosafoaNraritteesf toe 
International ■My Board, 
Joint KendaB-Caipeater,. .an- 
nounced toe MW or toe M 
partic ip a ti ng nations, be ex- 
plained torn toe Soviet Uteow 
were not invited became aa be 

__ _ . By Ifayfa Hands, IhigfayQirrespoodent 

New Zealand leave pans for from his report, and that of We have experienced pfa 

Richie Guy, the tour manager in J -- — 

France and already confirmed 
as manager of New Zealand’s 
World Cup squad, that there has 



at the end of their 
tour of France, 

put it. they were “mfot < 
to make cont ac t wkh% in other 
words, they would net m 
the tetters of toe Board. 

The decision to 
exclude hurt 

. will be against Italy in Auckland 
cm May 22, the opening game of 
the World Cup tournament, 
Brian. Lochore, their- 
believes New Zealand* 
and Aust ralia - must study the 
tournament regulations care- 
fully in teems ofbppratumty for 
team preparation at what will be 
the start of the southern hemi- 
sphere season^ 

“If I am appointed,” Lochore 
adds, and the an gular face 
breaks iota a slow, slightly wry 
grin. I doubt if there is a more 
sincere, honest man in rugby but 
be must wait until the New 
Zealand council meet on 
December 5 before knowing 
whether be remains as 
sdectoi/coadi and who the 
other two selectors are — popu- 
laropinian suggesting that Grim 
Meads and “Tniy” Hill may be 
voted oat and John Har t and 
Alex WyZUe voted in/ 

“I’m not in ft. for nryseif,” 
Lochore said. “I never thought I 
would be All Blacks coach but 
I'm here; I enjoy working with 
the players and ill do the best 
job I can. I don't think any 
coach has had anything' as 
difficult as these last two years 
but if I'm not wanted I don't 
care, I'm happy to go hack and 
be Brian Lochore, fanner, 

- Going back means returning 
to. foamy life on *• l.IQQ acre 
riwep and cattle form in toe 
Waftmapa-Bosh area of New 
ZcafamTs North Island. The 
chance, perhaps, to see his son 
pbymi No 8 more frequently or 
his twin daughters, one a useful 

been a great advance in integra- 
tion of a young, inexperienced 
side which has more than 
broken even with toe northern 
hemisphere's best side. 

: New Zealand’s 
tour record 

Bl Wane 7. Lost: T. Far. 218. 
87. Trias: 29. C o n ws rsta na: IS. 
21 . Drop rate: 3. Lesdhn hy- 
' m (4. D MifcMLaofen 
K Crowtoy 77, (foam sot 

acarane C Oman (4?DK1 
points scone K 

iced players 
and it’s a matter of idling them 
what you require in training. 
The coach can’t be out there 
calling the moves on Sate 
afternoons. If the captain 
vice-captain don’t do that in 
training they won’t on toepark. 

Judging by toe internationals 
played in France, the balance in 
New Zealand’s midfield is not 
right and their scrummaging 
requires more work, though that 
is an area which has been 
influenced by the “de- 
powering” moves brought into 
New Zealand rugby, for safety 
reasons, over toe last two years. 
Next season senior rugby in 
New Zealand will be played 
trader International Rugby- 
Board regulations ami, in any 
case, the players who toured 
France will be better for their 
experience; and five from injury 
(half of last Saturday’s Ah 
Blacks pack were carrying inju- 
ries of one sort or another). 

Also they are among the best 
rugby analysts in toe world: “I 
think New Zealand rides are 
better when they have had a kick 
in the pants.” Lochore said 
quietly as his team washed their 
wounds in toe BeanjofaJ Sta- 
dium. “They wih think more 
about their game, their presenta- 
tion, their individual drills. 

“To win the World Cup you 
have to play six ma inly and 
win the lot, or maybe drop just 
one. Sax Tests in a month is 

c reate d over-anxiety, blinking hard work, it will test 
reflected on the field ami <ih i 


Bat I doubt if 

and skills of a lot 
of players.” Lochore may worry 
that New Zealand wih be. only 
two months into their season 
when the tournament comes 
round next May but be can 
recall the condition of his 
players when their season finally 
ended last weekend; northern 
hemisphere rides will be in a not 
dissi mi la r state next May after a 
long domestic season, the Five 
Nations championship and 
FIRA games. 

Although rather 
fag, his crphnalfan was retac- 
tandy n the tone 

because of an obvious abortive 
of adequate information from 
toe Sonet side. No w, man fan 
a year later, with the scalps of 
World Ora nations Bke Roma- 
nia, Italy, Zimbabwe and Japan 
under their beU as wefl as some 
useful wins against p ow erful 
French sel e ctions, tire Rnwrian s 
fact they have proved then- point 
and seem willing to disclose 
details of tbeir banglerf attempt 
to join the World Cup. 

“First and foremost the Soviet 
Union is not affiliated to toe 
International Board,** Bobkov 
said . “We are members of the 
French-based FIRA. On toe 
other hand South Africa are 
members of the Board and we 
would have nothing to do with 
them. So when the Board 
approached ns we went to.our 
representative body, tout Is 
FIRA, and said that we weald be 
happy to play la toe World Cap 
if South Africa are not among 
»fc* paxtfdpants.” 

So in a way one can saftiy say 
that the Soviet ride has bwm g ht. 

it ea itself by setting pre- 

condRhnai which the Board are 
bound to rtjecL I can recall that 

many journalists prese nt at toe 

Board's press conference fttt 
that the Soviet exdasfon had 
more of a Sooth African over- 
tone than a failure Sn 

It is obrieas that toe deefaSon 
uot to fatdade them fa toe World 
Cop km hart the Russians. They 

are desperately keen mptar m 

the competition and are wUEng 
In give it a try even at this late 
stage as Bobkov worid point out 
“If Sooth Africa are out we are 
wffling to play- The New Zea- 
land Cavafieis war doesuot 
concern us, ft was a private affair 

org an ise d by hfirUmb. 
However, irrespective of toafr 

wfafaes it seems anUkriy toot the 

Soviet Uaiea could be invited to 

play in the 1987 competition, 

unless more than one nation 

dropped out One cunot escape 

toe Mag that by 
toe Sooth African bar , 

turn somehow managed to ex- 

clude them selve s from *e 
World Cup. 

It b sad for players at 
Mironov and Tihonov's 
outstanding ahffinr to 
victims of the pobtks of sport 
bat one can mgr (hat ft man be 
equally sad for players Bk* 
Botha or Gerber, of Scmfa 

.Africa, not tebe able to aMSSnre 

'toentsehea ay fart the best 
pfaycra fa toe sport- 
There b»-toauiht one ***** 

open to toe SEHrims. Thn can 

start boSdtag op b&ttnd con- 
tacts with toe Home Union, Ska 
toe Roanntens did in the fate 
7* and early 88s. The first to 
break the lea eeaU be the HA 
FWriek Maas, toe BRFU see- 
retwy, a yest at the Genoa 
game, was uhw icd haring * 

quiet wwg wfto Mr Bobkav. . 

“I wanted to get the best 
players in New Zealand away, 
out of New Zealand and create a 
new team, without any pres- 
sures, and hopefully to be 
reasonably successful,” Lochore 
said. “We have been able to 
achieve that. We have improved 
quite a lot on tour and we have 
some young players who may 
not have made the Test side but 
who have performed extremely 

Lochore denied there has 
been any dissection wi thin the 
teams, which have represented 
New Zealand the year, despite 
the changes in personnel and the 
fadings raised by the Cavaliers’ 
tour to South Afiica. But there 
were many pressures from out- 
side which created 

which was reflecie 

of {day. In France they toured 
and played as a team: “Wc have 
scored a lot of our tries from set 
pieces, winch a lot . of people 
befieve doesn't work these days. 

- . “And I don’t find it onerous 
to operate with both areas of the 
game (that is, forwards and 
the New backs) m training- After all, the 
Zealand council wiD give him game fa played by IS and the 
thmimxd* spare time, regardless more you can watch hacks and 
of the defeat by France last forwards together, the better 
Saturday. Tiny may conclude yourperibcxnantsfagomgtobe. 

Romantic French save Cocking a 

in Nantes 

Nantes fa soccer terri tor y. The 
Beaqjmre Stadium, which was 
re f ur bi shed two years ago to 
stage the European Champion- 
ship, stages some 20 soccer 
matches a season (David Hands 

Bat Albert Fenasse, president 
of the French Rugby Federation, 
was Kfilfing a promise to the 
Atianth: Division, who fast year 
successfully staged a game be- 
tween France and the touri ng 
Japanese fa Nantes. Appreciat- 
ing that the Parc des Princes 
municipal stadium in Paris is 
rarely filled for matches ootside 
the five nations champi o nship, 
he has been faokfag for other 
provincial stadiums. 

Tonhmse, fa the French rugby 
heartland, is the obvious alter- 
native but the arrangements, 
response and entomriasai of the 

orga ni zing wimiiHM fa Nautes 

knocked those of Toakwse seven 

days previously into a cocked 

beret. That they also got the 
appropriate result — a French 

win over New Zealand in the 

first big international to be 
* m toe city — was 

He is part of what tennis observers axe 
calling tire Third Wave, the first two 
bemg the Borg era (“the inspiration for 
ns a ITT, giving way to the WDandar- 
Jarryd-Nystrom-Stmdsfrom group. Now, 
with Edberg and Penfors, the Third 
Wave fa looking equally powerful 

To play Davis Cap fin 1 his country is, 
Svensson feels, toe apogee of tennis 
amb it i on, bat he no longer wishes to be 
“a sparring partner” for hfo Davis Cup 
colleagues, as he has been twice. He only 
wanted to become a member of Sweden's 
team fur the final Australia next 

month if he has a realistic c bwee of 
actually playing in the tie. 


Defenders silent 
over rigging claim 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 


Starlet and stripes: Trish Johnson, driving westward to US 

Wham girl out to 
wow Uncle Sai 

By Patricia Davies 

their love for England 

■M Hb UVIUV »» ■ *»» «i n UUU un. 

ree to go if you want to get 
cognized as a golfer.” 

By David Hands 

Denis Cbarvet, aged 2*. the French 

Toulouse centre, fa hopiu to guess 
ty in tomorrow's match at d i m m i 
ley Road between Oxford 
University ami Major R V 
Stanley’s XV. Cfcarvct, who 
made his first appearance in 
England in the same game fast 
season, contacted the Stanley’s 
trustees last weekend to ask if 
was a vacancy, subject to 
hfa surviving Saturday's inter- 
national betwee n France and 
New Zealand. 

He scored a try in that game 
and suffered no obvious injury 
so Iffley Road may see the silky 
remninp ; that Nanus did not. 

Two other French players, Jean- 
Baptiste Lafond . and Yvon 
Roussel, from Racing Dub de 
France, are due to pray and, if 
Cbarvet joins than, Simon 
Halfid ay (Bath) has agreed to 
■eny down from the nominated 

Thc desire of individual 

to appear as 
rugby does not 
iminish. Romantic of nature, 

even if (or possibly because) 
their national team of the 
moment fa not, they regard 
as the home of rugby 
love playing Imre, perhaps 
because they can express them- 
selves better away from the 
hotbed of the French champion- 


i dubs sometimes let their 

hair down when English dnbs 
visit them. 

An invitation to play for the 
Barbarians is cherished — Phi- 
lippe Sella, that outstanding 
Agen centre, would love to 
follow where Jean-Preire Rives. 
Jean-Oaude Skrda and other 
Frenchmen have, trod, as woukl 
the Toulouse flankers. Thierry 
Masel and Karl Janik — but 
games for other recognized and 
traditional invitation safes are 
enjoyed equally. 

A wealth of experience 

By Ian McLaadtian 

The South of Scotland open 
the ddence of their inter-dfatrict 
cap against Glasgow on Novem- 
ber 29. Their selected side is 
akxg fai rl y familiar lines ami 
with 11 internationals in toe 
starting line-up and. a further 
two as replacements, this shows 
foe strength and experience 
available to their selectors. 

In the scram. Waite, the Kelso 

B propv is moved on to the loose 

fiwri to accommodate Nichoi, 

of Hawick. Iain Panou pfa)* in 
his now •finwflfar international 
position of lock, while the.bacfc 

row of Eric Parana, Jeffrey, and 

Turnbull fa a most combative 
mrit Tara surprised no place bus . 
bru m found for the Hawick 

captain, Hogarth. He is in 
outstanding form and must be 

favourite to lead the B inter- 

national team to Italy in early 
December. ' 

T hree int ernationals were not 
considered - owing to injury. 
They are Smith and While of 

Gala, and the Melrose' centre, 

Keith Robertson. 

SOUTH; P Oods (Galft A Taft {KMxft, K 

Stode Nauteb UufaersM 
Club (SNUC) are the Atlantic 
Division's best-placed repre- 
sentatives in the dob champion- 
ship In the second division. Bat 
at the Beaqjoire they have an 

HunarCSrtsU. . 

Megan (Edreiurgh 

WandmcsV ^ 

Gams payed alHugMnflen. Glasgoivron 
Nniembar 29. tack-off 2pm. 

judging by Sattrdayls crowd, a 

lam po t e ntia l audienc e . 

Since the city is delightful 
complete with rhafean and 
cathedral In its centre, I would 
be s u r pri sed if Nantes did net 
feature high on the list of 

potential leading venues in fu- 
ture. You might say they bad 
cocked a SNUC at foe rest of 
provincial France. 

Patricia Johnson — from here 
on known as Trish — supports 
Arsenal, listens avidly to Wham 
and, at the age of 20, is one of 
the best amateur golfers in 
Britain. Next year she hopes to 
be one of the best professional 
golfers on this side of the 
Atlantic. The year after that foe 
wants to make her mark in 

Having started m the British 
Isles' Curtis Cup victory fa 
Kansas, with four wins out of 
four, and reached foe quarter- 
finals of the United States 
Women’s Amateur Champion- 
ship last August, Trish, not 
sees her future 
tberc.“I love everything about 
the country,” foe says, “and 1 
fed at home there. It's also the 
place to 
reci _ 

She already has her coach fa 
the US — conveniently based at 
the LPGA headquarters at 
Sweetwater Country Club -fa 
Houston. He fa David Clay, a 
Welshman, who also teaches 
Karen Davies, another Curtis 
Cup heroine. Trish first went to 
h im two years ago when he was 
at a dub in Dallas. 

“Julie Foster (now a Welsh 
international) lives just down 
the road from us here fa 
Swansea,” Trish said, “and 
she'd been to David, so 1 wrote 
to him asking if be could help 
me. 1 was quite surprised when 
the reply came back: ‘Yes, come 
out. Just find the air fare and 
we’ll put you up’.” 

She went out for three weeks 
and Clay did not puQ any 
punches. “He almost told me 1 
was awful and we just about 
started again,” Trish, an Eng- 
land international at the time, 
reca l l e d. “There were so many 
things wrong — my stance, my 
grip, my backswfag 
It was not all bad, though, 
because within a few months she 
had won the English match -play 
and stroke-play championships 
and was a genuine force to be 
reckoned with. The hands that 
had ended np cracked and 
bleeding after the daily seven- 
hour practices Clay demanded 
fa Texas were now busy grab- 
bing prizes and awards from all 
directions — Wales, England 
and beyond. 

Born in Bristol and raised in 
Devon, not far from Westward 
HoU Trish lives fa Swansea, 
plays at Pyle and Kenfig, repre- 

sents Glamorgan — the En giich 
county champions — and is an 
England international. If that ad) , 
sounds a bit Irish, it may help to 
explain why a 20-year-old with 
three O levels has no qualms 
about eventually settling fa 

She is a bright, personable 
young woman who was too busy 
playing sprat at school to pay 
much attention to her studies, 
though she says: “I had to fearo 
a hit because it was a convent 
and they weren't so keen on 
sport. But foe thing I remember 
best from school fa foe time we 
beat the local 'comp' at netbalL 

A source at the Royal Penh 
Yacht Club has confirmed that 
the Braid syndicate received a 
wanting over 'rigged* races last 
week. “We nearly threw them 
out and took the points away,” 
foe source said. The in extent 
stems from the race between 
Australia III and Australia IV 
last Monday, when Australia HI 
fed throughout At the final 
leeward mark the margin was a 
huge five minutes 38 seconds 
but at the finish, Australia IV 
took the gun by five seconds. 

Helicopter video for the 
Australian television pool 
showed foe final beat fa detail. 
'It was rigged,” said the Ameri- 
can cable television com- 
mentator, Gary Jobson. “I've 
seen the tape with foe yachts 
fling at 90 degrees to one 
another.” Jobson is a highly- 
respected 12-metre sailor and 
was tactician on Courageous 
when she won fa 1977. 

At Sunday night's news con- 
ference Cohn Beashd and lain 
Murray were asked if their in- 
house races were being or- 
chestrated. “No comment.” 
both skippers answered, the 
only point at which they agreed 
in an evening of considerable 
friction over the collision be- 
tween the two yachts. 

Stan Reid, Royal Perth's 
America's Cup chairman, has 
publicly warned both Bond and 
Kookaburra syndicates against 
team sailing — specifically 
forbidden under the ‘blue book* 
rules of the International Yacht 
Racing Union which govern the 

credible that you have so many 
races where the Kookaburras 
are so dose. They seem to be 
staged," Jobson said. 

But whereas the Royal Perth 
are unlikely to jump on the 
Kookaburras, Jobson believes 
they are on a wrong tack. “What 
Australia need is a strong de- 
fence and to do that they need to 
have real races between 
themselves,” said Jobson, who, 
until July, was the designated 
tactician for Heart of America. 

The international jury have 
decided to support broadly foe 
British position that a new keel 
for a challenging yacht may be 
cast fa Australia. The proviso fa 
that the jury must foil give 
specific approval fa each in- 
dividual case. 

Yacht Club Italiano, who 
uncovered foe foundry where 
the British cast a koti, submitted 
the issue to the jury last Friday. 
It is uncertain whether foe 
motive was that Italia wanted to 
do the foe same thing or whether 
they hoped to organize a protest 
:ainst the White Horse 

would orchestrate 
the result of a race between their 
two boats — which happens 
twice fa each 10-race series — if 
they wished to maintain the 
overall position of a particular 
yacht Or, alternatively, confuse 
the opposition over perfor- 
mance characteristics. 

The Kookaburra team have 
produced some exc 

The jury decision said: 
“Keels, with or without wing- 
lets, form part of the hull of a 12- 
metre yacht In accordance with 
the deed of gift of the America’s 
Cup resolutions adopted on 
March 27, 1958, and July IS, 
1980: (a) foe hull shall be 
designed by a national of the 
country of foe challenging yacht 
and be built fa that country; (b) 
The hull may be modified fa tire 
country where foe America’s 
Cup match takes place. Accord- 
ingly. the international jury 
rules that the modification may 
include the casting of a new 

burra H bt South Ausbafia, 4uwi tOsac 
Steak HT KUnay tt Austnfia IV. 0320; 
Australia m bt Kookatnra n 0207. 

and m. In series A there was one 
«he left sdhnnl at^ll^hmher 3 raai * in of Seconds, 
wes eleamedat toe mpmnrv and 0n Sunda y one four sec- 
^fiS^tS^STSSSS ortds between them. “It’s not 

itiveness and enthusiasm to her 
golf She does not like losing but 
is mature enough to learn from 
it and fa now able to say of her 
biggest disappointment — bti 
beaten fa the quarter-finals 
the US Amateur “It was a good 
match to lose.” 

She explained: “I was busy 
writing my speech going down 
.tite 13th. 1 was three up and 1 
had foe match won. On the 18th 
tee 1 was one down and though I 
won that bole I lost on the 19th. 

It taught me a lot” 

Clay fa fa the process of I 
teaching her a lot and Trish will 
be going out to work with him in 
foe winter. He is a bard task- 
master and even now he fa far ; 
from satisfied with his pupiL 
After the Curtis Cup she sent 
him some photographs of her 
swing and his immediate re- 
action was: "These are bloody 
awfiiL” Trish knows he was not 
referring to the camera work and 
jees there is a lot of work 
ahead: “1 didn't have any formal 
coddling when I first started 
playing and inevitably I picked 
up a lot of bad habits. 




Kooksburra 01 — 




AuatraSa IV 



KoofcaOurra U . 
Austrata in _ 







South Australia 




Steak ’n’ Kktney 



TODAYS RACES: South Australia v 
Kookaburra H Kookaburra n v Auatrafla 
IV; Australia ID * Sank W Kidney. 


Panthers lose their way 

By Norman de Mesqnita 

“David’s sorted out my grip 
and stance and we've sort of got 
to foe top of foe backswfag now. 
I get it about right fra- about two 
weeks fa the year, the rest of the 
time I struggle through...' 

Tosh's ultimate ambition is 
to win the US Open but she fa 
reluctant to say sbe wants to be 
too best player in the world. “I 
don't work hard enough at foe 
moment” she said, “hut J do 
want to be the best player I can." 

Davies wants a triple 

It did not take Nottin gham 

Panthers long to come back, to 

earth after Saturday’s success fa 
foe Norwich Union Cup. They 
led 3-1 early fa Sunday’s game 
with Durham Wasps but 
Saturday’s exertions took their 

toll and, as Fanibcra tired, foe 

home side scored five unan- 

swered goals fa the final period. 

Saturday's losing finalists, 
Fife Flyers, also suffered on 
Sunday, going down 14-2 
against Munsyfleld Racers, 
their biggest margin of defeat in 
the Hefaeken League. Flyers 

had some excuses — they were 

without their injured goal render 

Andy Donald — but with Tony 
Hand (five goals) and Rick Fera 

(four goals) fa such devastating 

form. Racers would probably 
lave won anyway. 

Dundee remained top of the 
division with a thrilling 8-7 win 

at Sotihnlt Gary McEwan scor- 

ing the winning goal with two 
minutes to go. It was even closer 

at Streatham where the Red- 

skins took the lead for the first 
time in the match with two-and- 

a-half minutes to go, only for 
Jim Earle to tie the game for 
Whitley with 23 seconds 

The folly of an oversize first 
division, with an enormous gap 

POOLS FORECAST by Paul Newman 

fa ability between the best and 

worn teams, was clearly dem- 

onstrated as Irvine Wings con- 
ceded 56 goals fa' their two 
weekend games. 

First lee Valley Lions beat 
them 32-9 with their F innish 
defenceman, Janne Lebti, scor- 

ing II goals and seven assists. 
This kept foe Lions on top of the 

division but Pet e rb orou gh Pi- 

rates arc the only team still with 
a 100 per cent record fa the 

division, and they beat Irvine 

24-4 with all 14 skaters gearing 
on to foe scoresheet 
But there was a happy ending 
for the beieagured Scots. The 

Peterborough fens took such 

pity on them when learning 
their future was fa some doubt, 
lhatthey raised £236 fa a bucket 
collection to show that ioe 
hockey supporters care about 

their favourite sport as much as 

their favourite team. 

Ayr Bruins & Cleveland Bombers 1; 

Durham Wasps 10. Nottingham Panthara 

4; MunayfteM Ftecera ^ ^Ftfa Ryers 2; 

. ;Wantofs& 
SoBn* Barons 7, Dundee Rockets 8. first 
OhWok Blackpool SeapAs 5. Madway 

Bears & Ktftaak* Kwtnite 8. Richmond 

Ryms 3; Loe VStoy Lions 32, Innna Wings 

9; Pswtxxougk Pfran 24, trams Wings 

4; Southampton Wangs 9, Dotsnarnoufri 
Stags 5 ; Sundariand GMefe 9. Richmond 

pdcajS 3; TratfSd 1 ^* 1 !!. ftataly 

Laura Davies. 

By Mitchell Ptetts 

the British 

Saturday Nswmbar 22 


I 1® kmmm 

bwvflSttDasbott m rft 4feBlMrt>18 I 

Attx*eaw» tSRrtyi 
iAtnOU IS 

Laamlnn - 

Bhnrd ShafflaW 16 lsgv 





... DUMdi J22 

a tgraon 18 ; Snbtmjh Academy 8 

Strwiwton % atom fJohn ftstaw fc 

pnf»i ip tonoon Oraaxy 15: Bribin' 

PM 7 anatom's loremar-tt a£ 
at nan cad id waay auty 12; 
- 8 Gangs Watson's 1& 
: S DanfcmTGS 22: Grfdtort 

«3S38 Pnttmou* GS 3; High Wycosba 

ns&2? WteRar 9: Mppadiotoa GS 20 

n i T|u|(i ~tT 

. Hym* 4 Bradford G& 22; to mri c h tfi 

Gsl4 NawCaatfe RGS 4: Lord Wartds- 

«worm 36 {Mod's 7: MMdflto coa school 

17 RoyttUOn 8: toWwIShattOTM 13t 


s; pm so***) 

MMMnrl Lirt 

csttwni ft oraonr 

Thame is. 

Pa*» S& OaMm 47 Mating ft 
Plymouth IB St Bond** ft Q&an 

Efaabelh. Barnet 12Afayo8'aft Ow'i 

Taunton 22 QEH BoStoT 11; fUdHa M 

Mount St Mary’s 21; Raadfcio 9 SNpfafca - 

Vk R 0 tfw» ttaii832 Body ft Eritft ft 
Roasrt 10 Hum 7; 


*6; St Attans TO Bancroft's 22: 

13: St 6sBs2tGnsvanor I 

(Sanaa's Hatpandan 21 Retard Hals 3; 

St tonasus a venkun 25; St Jotm’a 

terday received another 
for finishing No 1 fa the Ring 
and Brymer Order of Merit on 
the 1986 WPGA circuit and 
then pledged she wffl attempt to 
retain her top spot next season. 

Miss Davies, who was also 
number one in 1985 which was 
her first year as a professional, 
said: “1 snail try for my card for 
the US circuit later next year 
then hopefully play over there fa 

“I've got an invitation to the 
Dinah Store event in America 
next year and HI also be playing 
the US Open, fa which I came 
1 Ifo this year, again. But I'D be 
giving my foil attention to the 
European tour next year- In 
1988 ft could be different be- 
cause if! do have my card and I 
start off well over there I would 
think ft’s most likdy thtu I 
would stay there." 

^K» ,0 <ssrs I J£ 

tMfomftUpptoghamissatfowgiia i reading the Order ofJMent with 

5oum»* 12 King Edward VI Southamp- 
ton M; St Joseph's Ipswich 38 
Waodtxidwft St Lnwenos. Ramsgate 4 
Duka oTVoitfa RMS 4. St Oam'a Q 

Mgidstcm OS 2ft St Pali's 24 Merchant 

Taylors’, Northwood ft- Sr (I 
Manwnod's 6 King's Rochester R ! 

ners 6 Judd 7; Softm* IS LAjghbonkiah 

SSI Somhurat 120EGS WAsMd S: 
Sufion Vafonco 20 Chatham House 7; 
Tewaon 14 DowsKto IftHtfio iSRagus 
GS 0: Tntig. Croydon 13 St Josesh’s 

Lord WBHhtb’s. 8hcfcheathaTnro190ewnpcrtH51, 

Wafcnglon HS 8 St Ktffs Sfcfcujr ft 
Wellington (Somerset) 12 Old 

WWOBI41 KCS WknfalBdan 4; WknOfo- 
Otm 26 Pimce Henry s fiS a Wwteop4 
St Ptter's. York 1ft Wrakm 0 Monmouth 
1 ft Wyckto 18 Dean Close 7. 

CotStcWs G Dauntsey’a 8; Epsom 18 St 
John’s. . Laattiefttaad 4; Eton 14 St 

a record £37,500 which sbe 
amassed with foe assistance of | 
four victories. Liselotte 
Neumann, of Sweden, was run- 
ner-up with £37,000 and Pa- 
tricia Gonzalez, of Colombia, 
was the “rookie-of-the-year” af- 
ter finishing 27th in the money 
list with £7,570. 

, Miss Eta vies, one of thei 
longest hitters in the history of ! 
the women's game, insisted: 1 
“Everybody talks about my 
driving power but 1 believe it is 
the improvement fa my iron 
playfoai is responsible for my 
progress, fa my opinion the 
irons are now the best clubs in 
my bag; What I need to do is to 
work much harder rat my 
putting: I simply haven’t prac- 
tised enough fa foe past fa that 

The WPGA Tour for 1987 is , 
likely to be worth in the region , 
of £1 million and there is foe i 
ability of a six figure prize 
tnd for one continental 


1 Arsenal v Man C 
X Charted V Stfiampton 
1 ChMsaa w NawcasOa 
1 Coventry v Norwich 
1 Noam F v Wimbledon 
XOKtortv Tottenham 
1 Sheffield W v Luton 
1 Watford w Leicester 
1 west Ham v Aston Vitt 
Not on i 


lot oo coupons: Etf 
r Liverpool (Sunday) 


1 Brighton v Backtxjm 
X Derby » Sheffield U 
X HudoersfM v PMntfi 
1 Hub » Bradford 
1 1pswich v Barnsley 
1 Otdnem v C Ptfacs 
1 Pansmm v GftmsPt 
1 Stoke * Reading 
1 Sundwtnj v Srattutbiy 
1 WBA vhKBwsH 
Not on camera: Br- 
mtogham v Leeds (Friday) 


1 Bounwmtn * Cheatarfld 
1 BnstoiCvl 

1 CatTtste w FUhan 
XChesttr* Bristol R 

2 Darfengbn v Wgan 
ISfeittamv Notts Co 

1 York v WalgaS 

N« op Coupons; Bury « 
Swindon; Newport v 


lAWeraholv Rochdale * 
X Burnley v Lincoln 
1 Camb U v Petertrora 

1 Nffwnpton v Exeter 

X Preston v Southend 

2 Stockport v Cerdrft 

1 Swansea v Hartlepool 

Not on coupons: HaJrfax v 
Orant (Friday); Sam- 

1 Altrincham v Keraring 
1 Boston U * Weyraouth 
1 Cbetrenham * Qattshd 
X Maidstone v Telford 

1 Norfowicii v Dagenham 


2 Aberdeen v Rangers 
1 Celtic v FaBdrk 

X Ctydebnk v Motherarefl 

1 Dundee U v Hffiamfcn 

2 Hamflun * St Marten 
1 Hearts v Dundee 


1 Brechin vPareck 
1 0yds * KBmamocfc 

1 E Rlfl v Dumbarton 
1 Morton v Forte 
10 of Sthv Montrose 
1 Afoionv St Johnstone 
IE Stating v Berwick 
Not on c aopon e : Ftarth v 
Sionnousemuw » 
ArDroeth; Stirling « 
Cowdenbeath; Stranraer v 
Queens Park 

TREBLE CHANCE (home teams): 
Ojeriton. Oxford. Derby. Huddersfield. 
Chester. Burnley. Presto". Bath. Makf- 
swne. Oydflbank. Amina. A 
BEST MAWS: Oeroy. 

Chester. Bumtey, Preston. 

AWAV& BtackpooL Wtoan, Cantiff . Rang- 
era. St Mirren. 

v Cttcrwster tFn- 
dayfc Torquay v Hereford: 

Tranmere v Crewe; 

Wotvea v Wrexham 

HOMES: AraanaL Watford. Wen Ham. 
IpswKfu Sunderiend. WBA. Soume- 
mouth, Bnsiol City. Doneeeter. Swansea, 
Cheltenham, Celtic. 

fixed 0005: Homes: Arsenal. West 
Ham, Sundariand. Swansea. Cetoa 
Away*: Blackpool, Wigan, CanStt. Dram 
Hudoersteid. Chaster. Preston. 


























t a 

■ as 





Caernarfon hooligans 
may have booted 
the Cup out of town 

By Paul Newman 

Caernarfon Town tear that 
crowd disturbances during 
their FA Cup first round 
victory over Stockport County 
on Saturday may prevent 
them from staging their big- 
gest match for nearly 60 years. 

The Welsh dub were yes- 
terday drawn at home to York 
City in the second round but a 
meeting with police officials 
this morning will determine 
whether the venue must be 
switched. A small group of 
Stockport followers invaded 
the pitch twice on Saturday 
and held up play on both 
occasions. There were IS 

Arfon Roberts, the Caernar- 
fon chairman, said yesterday: 
“It's tragic that a gang of about 
100 yobs can spoil it for 
everybody. They were drink- 
ing heavily and causing trou- 
ble in the town before the 
game and came here intent on 
stopping the match and 
wrecking the ground. They 
even tried to gel at their own 
manager and players. 

“"Hie only way to stop 
people like that is to cage them 
in but we simply can't afford 
to spend thousands of pounds 
on equipmment that may 
never be used again. I under- 
stand York have no record of 
crowd trouble, and would be 
careful about whom they sold 
tickets to, but that may not be 

“If we are forced to concede 
home advantage it would be a 
victory for the yobs. I will feel 
so sorry for our supporters 
because this would have been 
the biggest game in the town 
for 57 years.” 

Caernarfon, who lost to 
Bournemouth in a replay 

when they East reached the 
second round in 1 929. have an 
average gale of only 400 and 
exist on a tight budget “If we 
got into the third round and 
drew a big club it could give us 
financial security for years to 
come." John King, the man- 
ager, said. 

York, however, will be a 
substantial obstacle in 
Caernarfon's path. They led 

Second round 

Aldershot v Bishop's Stortford or 
Bournemouth v (Meet 
Bristol City v Both 
Caernarfon Town v York 
Cardiff » Bristol Rovers or Brent f ord 
Chester or Rotherham v Whitby Town or 

Charley or Wbhee * Preston 
Durt ington v Wigan 

GflRngham v Woking or Cheh os hed Crtjr 
Nontax or Bolton v Traomere 
Hereford or RjAboi v Newport County 
Notts Candy or CaffiMe w MHdtesbroiigh 
Rochdale » Wrexham 
Sc u nt h orpe vRoncom or Boston UW 
Southend v Northampton 
Swindon v Hertford or Enfield 
ToWonl Utd v Friekley Athletic or 
Watson v Port Velc 

Wcatdstone or Swansea v Slough or 
BognOT Regis 

Wetting Utd or Maidstone Utd v Exeter or 
Cambridge Utd 

Matches to be played an December 6. 

at Friekley on Saturday, are 
clear favourites to go through 
to what would be a fascinating 
tie between the two most 
successful Cup giant-killers of 
modern limes. Altrincham 
have knocked out 1 1 League 
sides in the fast 1 3 years. 

Telford won 4-0 when the 
two sides met in the GM 
Vauxhall Conference three 
weeks ago but Stan Storton, 
Telford's manager, warned 
yesterday: “If Altrincham are 
our opponents it will be a very 
tough match. They will prob- 
ably compete more than Bum- 
ley 'did on Saturday and will 
play it very tight at the back. 
We won't underestimate them 
because we know them well 
and their record speaks for 

The draw could provide 
Maidstone United and Bognor 
Regis Town with the chance to 
repeat recent giant-killing 
performances. Maidstone 
knocked out Exeter City three 

years ago and will face them 

the third division earlier this 
year and in the Cup in the last 
two years have knocked out 
.Arsenal and taken Liverpool 
to a replay. 

Telford United, the other 
non- League team to beat 
League opposition in 
Saturday's first round, now 
entertain Altrincham or 
Friekley Athletic. That ends 
their remarkable sequence of 
14 successive draws against 
League opposition. 10 of 
which they have won. 

Altrincham, having drawn 

again if the two sides win their 
replays against Welling 
United and Cambridge 
United respectively. Replays 
will also dictate whether 
Bognor return to the scene of 
their triumph at Swansea City 
two years ago. 

The tie that would stir most 
memories, however, would be 
Wolverhampton Wanderers, 
who must first win their replay 
tonight at home to Choriey, 
against Preston North End. 
Wolves have won the Cup 
four times and Preston twice 
and although both are now in 
the fourth division their meet- 
ing would almost certainly 
produce the best Cup gate of 
the day. 

Angry Aldridge: team bos stranding the last straw 

France looking to Passi 

By Simon O'Hagan 

Gerald Passi. an attacking 
midfield player from Toulouse, 
is the man France are hoping 
can lift the national side out of 
the slump which set in after 
their World Cup campaign 
came to such a bitter end in the 
semi-final against West Ger- 

A transitional phase was al- 
ways going to be necessary for a 
team which had dearly reached 
its peak. But muddling through 
does not come easily to the 
French and in six months they 
have dropped a long way down 
the ranks of European nations. 

The European Championship 
that the French won in 1984 is 
already as good as lost after only 
two matches in their qualifying 
group — a draw in Iceland and a 
defeat at home to the Soviet 
Union — so they go into 
tomorrow's tie in East Germany 
with more concern for the long 
term than the shorL 

It is against this background 
that Passi. one of the most 
exciting young players in the 
country, is set to make his 
international debut and revital- 
ize a midfield which lacks the 
injured Fernandez and contains 
a Platini whose heart is no 
longer in it. France will be 
hoping Passi can reproduce the 
form he showed in scoring three 
goals for Toulouse in their 
UEFA Cup tie last month 
against Spartak Moscow. 

In the other two European 
Championship matches to be 
played tomorrow Belgian) wifi 

be hoping to end what has been 
a superb year for them with a 
home win over Bulgaria, while 
The Netherlands take on Po- 
land. for whom Boniek makes 
an unexpected return. 

The success Belgium eqjoyed 
in reaching the semi-finals of the 
World Cup is being reflected at 
club level, with Anderiecht hav- 
ing reached the quarter-finals of 
the European Cup. and Beveren 
and Ghent ih rough t to the last 
16 of the UEFA Cup. 

leadership to Barcelona. 1-0 
winners at Seville. 

Leo Sccnhakker, the Real 
Madrid manager, blamed his 
side's defeat, their first at home 
for two years, on the intensive 
schedule' his players were being 
required to meeL “Six. eight. 10 
of my players play in the 
national side.” he said. “They 
don't have time to recover. 
Players arc neither machines 
nor horses.” 

John Aldridge, Oxford 
United'sfl milUon-rated player, 
wants to leave Manor Road -The 
forward, aged 28. who cost 
£70,000 from Newport County 
and helped Oxford win the third 
division and second division 
championships in consecutive 
years, yesterday handed in a 
transfer request to the manager, 
Maurice Evans. 

“I have bora unhappy for 
some time and the incident on 
Saturday when seven players, 
including me. were left behind 
(by the team bus) after the 
maren against QPR was the 
final straw," he said. There was 
uo possibility of him changing 
his mind. 

He added: “I want to play for 
a big dub like Liverpool or 
Arsenal which have a chance of 
winning something and I would 
like to have talks with them." 

Anderiecht, having already 
accounted for Garnik and the 
holders. Steau Bucharest, look 
the biggest threat to the two 
most fancied teams left ht the 
competition. Real Madrid and 
Dynamo Kiev. Linder the for- 
mer Dutch international. Aarie 

Haan, they are playing some 
delightful football characterized 
by the silken midfield skills of 

Sdfo. the Italian-born Belgian 
international and Lozano, a 
Spaniard. Up front a bustling 
Icelander. Gudjohnsen. bears 
testimony to that country's re- 
cent rise. 

• ZURICH: UEFA have im- 
posed a seven-match ban on 
Toulouse’s Eric Be 11 us following 
incidents during their UEFA 
Cup tie against Spartak Moscow 
on November 5 (Reuter re- 
ports). Bell us was sent off in the 
second round second leg game 
in Moscow after dashing with 
two Spartak players. 

UEFA have also rejected an 
appeal by the Cypriot cham- 
pions Apoel Nicosia and con- 
firmed the club's two-year ban 
from European Cup games for 
its refusal to play a Turkish 

The Football Association is 
not “under threat" from the 
latest Football League bid to get 
a bigger say in the running of the 
professional game.Thai is the 
view of Ted Croker, the FA 
secretary, as Lancaster Gate 
officials prepare to meet today 
to consider a League request to 

for FA say 

set-up a new joint committee. 

Anderiecht won 4-1 at Ant- 
werp over the weekend to keep 
pace with Bruges. S- 1 winners at 
home to Mofeubeek, at the top 
of the table. Bayern Munich 
beat FC Hombmrg 3-0 to draw 
level with Bayer Leverkusen at 
the top of the German League, 
while in an extraordinary match 
in Spain Real Madrid led Ath- 
letic Bilbao 2-0 before losing 4-2 
at home to surrender the League 

FA Youth Cup 

Wednesday vOMham or Bolton: Chester 
v Leeds; Liverpool v Blackpool: Wigan v 
Manchester City; Hu* v Everton: Wrextiam 
v Manchester utd; Newcastki v Barnsley: 
Burnley v Gnmsby; Hartlepool or Sunder- 
taxi v Bradford City: Middlesbrough v 
Sheffield Utd; West Brom v Coventry: 
Leicester v Shrewsbury: Port Vale v 
Mansfield; Stoke v Colchester Luton v 
Wolves; Nottingham Forest v Rothwell 

have received a request 
from the Football League to 
form a small sub-commiuee to 
look into areas of overlap, but I 
don't sec it as any son of threat" 
Croker said. 

“They already enjoy an al- 
most comprehensive autonomy, 
though in one or two areas we 
inevitably do overlap. 1 feel it is 
mainly a question of new 
management committee mem- 
bers trying to clarify matters. 

“Inevitably, if people come 
into the inside after being 
outside, they want things made 

Recent management commit- 







UNWED STATES: National Lagoa (NFL): 
Chicago Bears 13 Atlanta Falcons 10: MOOT 
Dolprra 34 Button BB& 24: QncfcnaU 
' ) 34 SostUa Soahawks 7: Gmn Bay 
. 31 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 7: New 

York Giants 22 Mkmesob VMigs 20: Devon 
gles 11: P HlsIn a ij i 

Hanta/Watfacd Rovab 99 (Hale 2b). Ports- 
mouth 127 0nsh3il. 

<Mok Leicester City FWere 100 (Young 33}. 

SCHOOLS NATCH: Bractfiek) 1 . Eton 2. 
ARTHURIAN LEAGUE: Premier Utviston: OW 

Emnons 2 Old Repioivans 2 

COMBMATtON; Swindon 5. 

QUEENS CLUB: Noel Bruce Cup old boys 
■ten III (D Pease 

Una 13 Pfriadepita Eagles 
Steeiers 21 Houston Otero 10: New Orleans 
Saras 16 St Louts Cartitrate 7 ; Denver 
Broncos 38 Kansas Ctiy CWeb 17; Los 
Angeles Harders 27 Cleveland Browns 14; 
New England Patriots 30 Los Angeles Rams 
26: New York Jets 31 todanapafe Colts 16: 
EUSss Cowboys 24 San Diego Chargera 21. 

Team PotyCSfl Kng&ten 123 (Bontragar 32k 
- - - Unfed 113 (Gardner 35. 

Charlton 2. 

Sharp Manchester i 

Plrtfs ^ Draper Tools Stent Stars 


Eastern Division WLT PFPA 

New York Jets 10 1 0 303203 

New Eng Parnate 8 3 0 304181 

Miami tiatoMns 5 6 0 276290 

Buffalo Bate 3 8 0 213251 

tndtonapofes CoHs 0 11 0 127291 

(Marsh 2a (tag Vartfy Sunderland 76 
(Saunders 32). BPCC Dertiy Rams 82 (Coe 
37L Second dMtaarc Besmere Port 1Z3, 
Just Rentals Rhondda 135: Oftftam Cettcs 
125. Jus Rentals Rhondda 106: Swindon 
Rakers 101 . Tower Hamlets 37; CSS Contun- 
ons Colchester 94. Team Wafcul TOO 
Avon Northampton 71 Chamos Swrft Persy 
41: London YWCA fit Nounoahm Wildcats 
46: Stodwort Louvofte 86 Enfield 49: Team 


BRITISH LEAGUE: Tryst 77 18 LwtaDOOl 21: 
Bntienhead 19 Kkfcby Select 19: Salford 22. 
EK 82 13: Rushp Eagles 16 Wolves Poly 13: 
Ofpnfuc Cannot* 19 Lalcesw 21 

German Tornados 20; Warwick 
Wolverhampton SI Pews 9. 

to urn amen t Third round: El so I 
and C Pease) 0) Webncton IB fP UaBnson 
Sid J Edwards) 6-15. 18-15. 15-6. 15-9. 7-15. 
15-7: Citron I (J Fenetey and N HutbanJ) a 
CUfton HI (G Palmer and J Bistnm 15-10. 15- 
8. 15-10. 15-n. wmeftestar I (R Sutfon and P 
Seabrooki t* Ractay II U Roger:, and 0 
Waltons) 4- IS. 13-13. 15-9. 15-3. 15-7 

CHICAGO; Wrgktia Stan women’s faw 
wtment Singles Enat M NavrstHova (US) bt H 
MandWuwa (Cz).7-& 7-5. Oatatoi fire* C 
Kohce-Kdsch (Monaco) and H Suhova (Cal bt 
S Grat (WGi and G Sataem (Aig). 6-7 {5-7). 7-6 
17-5). 6-3 

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico: Henda-VkgWs 
Slims women’s tounwmit Singles final: R 
Rego* IWHS Gokw {Vino) 7-S. 4-6, 6-3. 
Doubtae finat L McNed (US) and M Pa: (Aral 
LI R White |U5) and G Fernandez (P R«oj 6-3. 
3-6. 6-4 

LEAGUE: Stafford Otanpcs 15 
i Jaguars 36 


BUENOS AIRES; Argentine men’s open 
tournament S a mi -ftn M* F D, -- - - - 

Ptjfce* teuton* BCP London postponed 

Central Division WLT PFPA 

Cincinnati Bongals 7 4 0 27127B 

Cleveland Browns 7 4 0 239232 

Pittsburgh Stealers 4 7 0 175221 

Houston Oflers 2 9 0 1942S5 

TATES: Nutiooal Aaoodatkn 
(NBA): Houston Rockets 134 demand 
Cavalwrs 108: Washington Capitate 124 
inctena Pacers ill: PhMdoJpfua 7Bero 103 
Los Angeles Clippers 90. Portend Trafl 
Blazers 124 Utah Jazz 103: Lae Angeles 
Lakers 113 Sacramemo Kings Hi. 


Western Division W L T PFPA 

Demur Broncos 9 2 0 271 172 

Kansas City Chiefs 7 4 0 249240 

LA Raiders 7 4 0 218195 

Seattle Seahawtw 5 6 0 199 219 

San Diego Chargers 2 9 0 219275 

AttantK Onmon W L PCt GB 

Boston Celtics 6 2 .750 - 

Philadelphia 76ers 6 4 .600 1 

New Jersey Nels 2 6 250 4 

Washington Bullets 3 6 .333 3^ 

New York Kmcks 3 7 .300 4 

HAMPSMRE CUP: Hist need: Stxitftampton 
University 3. Basingstoke t . 

COURAGE KENT CUP: First round: 
Anchorians 6 Wye CoBege 0. Maidstone 2 
Medway Utd 1 (am): Sewnoaks 3 Lloyds 
B ank 1. 

SURREY CUP: Second round: Wey&ndae 
Hawks 2 cneam 1. 

SUSSEX CUP: Ttard rmnl: Horsham t 

Potywchne 6 6 lames Z 

SHIP: Open, anal standings: 1. Cast R 
Rctunson (Army). 2. C» D CUme iRAF). 3. 
Cpo J Lora IRAF). Under-25, final standings: 
I Sob Lt R Mav iHNV. 2. FI Offr S Clare (RAF): 
3. Cpo C WciOtauM lHAF). 

SOUTH HUMBERSIDE: Ktontafltnn inter- 
national open: Men’s final: P Swnonds (SAI 
tt B Beescn t=rai 13 . 9 . 3-9. lO-fl. 9-2 
Women’s final: F Jewn (Engl b: A 3ntah 
(Eng) 2-9. 9-5 9-3.9-* 

Arnueto lArg) 5-2. 60: J Beroer (U! 
Perez RoWan (Arg) 6-1 4-6. 6-4 

Damn (Arq) br R 
IS) bt G 

nementi Men’s " tangles, ST ro un d: P 
Cartoon (5we) bt L Lsvale (Max) 7-5. 6-3: J 

hlaparda i US) bi A Kohberg (USI3-6, 6-2 6-3; 

i iCanlbt A A mo nks c h (Austria) 

M Laurendeau l 

7-5. 6-2 G Connell (Canl bt I Werner (WG) 6-1. 
6-2: J Wndaiv (Swei bt U FacheriWG) 6-0.7, 



Eastern Division WLT PFPA 

New York Giants 9 2 0 22S1S8 
B 2 0 226190 
7 4 0 277189 
3 8 0 156209 
St Louis Cardhials 2 9 0 140263 

Central Dhrtaran W L Pet GB 
Milwaukee Bucks 6 4 .600 2 

Detroit Pistons 3 5 .375 4 

Atlanta Hawks 7 1 .875 - 

Cleveland Cwaters 3 6 -333 4ft 
Chicago Bins 5 3 .625 2 

Indiana Pacers 5 4 .556 2ft 


Panthers 5 Pita Ftyars 4 (aet) 

HERCKEN LEAGUE: Procter dtoakm Ayr 
Bruns 8 Cleveland Bombers 1: Duitiam 
Wasos 10 Nottingham Panthers 4, Murr a y fw ld 
Racers 14 Fife Rvers Z Sneamam RedsMns 

dnrtetorr OmesOy 5 Sutnirflv iCardirt) 3. MBS 
S' Neots 0 Panoramic 'Bate) 9. Draen tm 
Dagenham FC 5 Byner (Newcaatei 3 T5P 
Lanchal 5 TCB DotchiRs 3: Omega Oaw 2 
Wesr WarwiSKS girrmivffzin S 

CROYDON: LTA women’s mdoor tour- 
nament Stogies, first round: S McCarthy 
(Avoni « H Spurn.) (WGI 6-1. 6-3: S Sufiwan 
l Ester) bt S Rauch (US). 3-6. 62. 6-4: H 
Sasak fYuoo) bt M Gheza (it). 7-5. 6-3; R 
Wooer |WG> bt L SancKn iSweL 7-6. 6-1. 8 
Borneo IBKSI bt J Lows (Devon). 2-6. 7-6. 6- 
4, J Salmon (Sussex) bt G VUraer rStMil. 8-2, 
7-5: J Aloaandar l Can) brPTesarara (Czl.6-1. 
46. 6-0. C Baktam (Neth) M □ Keteiaar 
INeihsi. 6-3. 6-l;C Wood (Sussex) txC Cohen 
(Smtei. 6-7. 6-3. 7-6. 

Shilton to 


in spite of 


The En; 

keeper Peter 

Shilton will defy a thigh iojurg 

to answer a crisis at The 

Shilton will line up against 
Aston Villa in the Littiewoods 
Cup fourth round tie with the 

thigfi strapped. Tim Rowers, 

Shilton's deputy against Arse- 
nal, underwent an operation 
yesterday on the cheekbone he 
fractured in a collision with 
Perry Groves, of Arsenal on 

While Flowers was on the 
operating tabic. Shilton was 
visiting a specialist in a des- 
perate attempt to regain fitness. 
Southampton's assistant man- 
ager Tony Barton said: “Shifts 
will be there but he's not fit" 

The third choice goalkeeper. 


Eight teams will 
join battle in 
new indoor league 

i vi\4 

asks to go 

Uniteds manager said: “John 
can only go if we get a good offer, 
but so far we have not received a 
single bid and until we do he 
stays here." Evans said be had 
yet to receive Aldridge's transfer 
request, though he had spoken 
to the player. “I can appreciate 
him wanting to finish his career 
with a big club, which most be 
the ambition of all players and 
I've told him he must continue to 
play well" 

He revealed be had apolo- 
gized to Aldridge and the other 
players left behind at QPR. “1 
gave the matter some thought 
over the weekend and told them 
I might have been wrong and 
acting in haste, which I don't 
normally do. They apologized to 
me for being late, so there was 
wrong on both sides to an 
incident which was blown op out 
of all proportion." 

Keith Granger, let in 12 goals in 
his only two first team appear- 
ances at the end of last season 
anri his manager Chris Nicfaoll 
was reluctant to throw him in 
again for such a crucial match. 

“The only alternative was to 
borrow somebody,” Barton 
said. “But even on (me leg 
Shilton is better than most.” 

• Southampton's injury prob- 
lems are more than matched by 
Charlton Athletic in recent 
weeks (Clive White writes). 
Their casualty list has shortened 
considerably but probably not 
enough in time to withstand the 
onslaught of Arsenal the league 
leaders, at Highbury. The f 
that George Graham, the Arse- 
nal manager, was unimpressed 
by his team's runaway victory at 
The Dell, will be of little 
comfort to Charlton, beaten in 
their last three games. Graham 
said the sam? after handing out 
a convincing beating to 
Charlton at Se I hurst Park two 
weeks ago. 

Charlton, who have never 
reached the fifth round of this 
competition, will have Gritt or 
Shipley in midfield in place of 
Peake, for this cup tie. Despite 
the return of Humphrey and 
Curbishley at the weekend they 
are still without Johns, Agboola 
and Walsh, all injured. 

West Ham United, another 
London side carrying strong 
hopes in this competition after 
twice finishing runners-up (like 
.Arsenal), have a doubt about 
Orr against Oxford United at 
Upton Park. The Scot has been 
afflicted by further back trouble 
in training and as a precaution. 
Keen has been brought into the 
squad. However. John Lyle, the 
manager, may decide to restore 
Watford in defence and move 
Parris into midfield if Orr fails 
his fitness test. 

For tbe remaining tie between 
the two outsiders, Shrewsbury 
Town and Cardiff City, the 
second division club have pro- 
moted Green, a teenager. Car- 
diff are unlikely to be 

tcc additions. Ken Bates, Ron 
Noadcs and David Dcin, are 
understood to be unhappy about 
the FA's control of disciplinary 
matters and other aspects of the 
professional game. 

Just which areas they wish to 
lake over is hard to fathom. The 
already operates a very 
different disciplinary system for 
men who earn their living by 
playing, and all international 
connections with UEFA and 
FIFA have to be handled by the 
national body. The inter- 
national bodies do not deal with 
individual leagues. 

If what they warn is the right 
(o handle matters such as crowd 
trouble themselves, and also 
take an even bigger share of the 
cash from FA Cup ties and 
international matches, then the 
public's — and Government's — 
reaction, may well be lhaL all 
they are interested in is pursuing 
the game's financial rewards at 
the expense of everything else. 

Indoor game 
some support 

Guinness, the brewers, are to 
sponsor an indoor football tour- 
nament involving II leading 
first division clubs, to be staged 
at tbe G-Mex centre in Man- 
chester on December 9 and 12, 
to the value of £70.000. 

On the first evening there mil 
be a preliminary section includ- 
ing Arsenal, Aston Villa. Lmon. 
Newcastle and Nottingham For- 
est They will play in two groups 
of three, with the leaders playing 
off and the winners joining five 
seeded clubs. Manchester 
United. Chelsea, Oxford, Shef- 
field Wednesday and Totten- 
ham, last season's winners, the 
following evening. The two 
leading clubs will then meet in 
the final. 

Ken Bates, a member of the 
Football League's commercial 
and marketing committee, said 
yesterday: "The League are, 
obviously, very pleased to have 
secured the backing of 
Guinness. Their sponsorship 
will enable this competition to 
be the biggest and most pres- 
tigious indoor tournament ever 
staged in this country.” 

The Mortgage 
National League, an exciting 
innovation for British tennis, 
will be launched in February- 
Figtu all-male teams wearing 
corporate stripes — much as 
football teams do — will play 
indoor home and away ties at 
weekends in two geographically 
arranged groups of four. The 
winners ofeach group will dash 
in April for the national 
championship and a first prize 
of £20,000. , 

The total prize money for Hus 
inaugural competition will be 
£724*00. The sponsors, a subsid- 
iary of an international invest- 
ment house, have agreed to bade 
tbe league with £500,000 over 
three years. It is intended that a 
second division will be added 
later next year. When the proto- 
type has run its course, a 
decision win be made about 
whether women should be in- 
cluded (mixed teams) or should 
have a separate league. 

AH this and more was an- 
nounced yesterday during a 
press conference at Queen's 
Club. West Kensington. Ian 
Peacock, the executive director 
of the Lawn Tennis Association, 
said the LTA would support the 
scheme and would also monitor 
the nature of its development. 
The LTA is justified on both 
counts, because tbe new league 
will be an unusual marriage 
between the tennis 
"establishment” and commer- 
cial initiative. 

Peacock, who tends to spread 
his feathers neatly, listed six 
good features of tbe concept 
There would, he said, be in- 
creased competition for British 
players, more good tennis for 
the public to watch, a broaden- 
ing of the game's mass appeaL 
more business for new indoor 
centres, a growth in sponsorship 
and an inducement for British 
players to stay in the game. 

One such player could be 
John Feaver. a former Davis 
Cup player, who brought the 
possibility of such a new league 
to public notice via these col- 

By Rex Bellamy 

Corporation umns two months ago. Feaver 


West Indian pace 
shows no mercy 

From Richard Streeton, Multan 

New chairman 

Alan Dariow. a local business- 
man, yesterday took over as 
chairman of thud division New- 
port County. Archie Menzies, 
who has stepped down from the 
post, will remain a director. 

Stewart out 

Ian Stewart, Newcastle's Nor- 
thern Ireland international 
underwent a cartilage operation 
on Saturday and is expected to 
be out of action for over a 

Needham move 

Surrey have released all- 
rounder Andy Needham at bis 
own request Needham, aged 29, 
joined the club's staff in 1977 
and was capped last year. 

WasWrotan Ftedsta 
DaUas Cowboys 
PltaatWphia Esgtea 


6 Whrttrn Wamors 8: SoWaj* Barons 7 
unoee Rockets 8; Ftat dhte to n: Trattara 

Central Division WLT PFPA 

Ctocago Bears 9 2 0 239130 

Minnesota VBungs 6 5 0 2S8190 

Detroit Uons 4 7 0 163202 

Tampa Bay Bucs 2 9 0 171300 

Green Bay Packers 2 9 0 149272 

MMreuf CMtaOff W L Pet GB 

Houston Rockets 5 2 .714 - 

Denver Nuggete 4 5 .444 2 

Utah Jazz S 3 .625 !i 

□alas Mavericks 5 4 556 1 

San Antonio Spies 3 6 .333 2ft 

Sacramento Kings 3 5 .375 2’.-; 


Metros it Medway Boars 7. Blackpool 
Seagufe 5 Medway Boars 8. Kefccsdy 
Kesnifc, 8 Richmond Flyers 3. Lee VaDay 
Lrare 32 tonne Wings 9: Rate rporough Pirates 
24 tonne Mnas 4; Scwftampton Vikings 9 
Bournemouth Stags 5; SuMertmi Civets 9 
Richmond Flyers «: Tertora Tigers 19 Swin- 
don WHacats 3. 

Western Division W L T PFPA 

San Rran 49sf8 6 3 1 2S4164 

LA Rams 7 4 0 192180 

New Orleans Saints 6 5 0 197167 

Atlanta Falcons 5 5 1 208198 

• Does not toefcxfei Iasi rogfafs game: 
Washington v San Francisco. 

PaefflcOMston W L Pet GB 

Las Angeles Lakers 5 1 .833 - 

Portland Trad Blazers 4 5 .444 2ft 

Seattle SuperSonics 4 4 .500 2 

Golden State Warriors 4 4 500 2 

Los Angeles anpers 3 6 333 3W 

Phoenix Suns 4 5 .444 2ft 

3; Edmonton Oders B 

Loals? Chicago Btadkhawks 
Now Yon Rangers 6. 

Wales Conference 

Patrte* DMakm 



ADELAIDE: nrat Youth Teat: Auunria 323 
and 224 (or a mc (D Reynolds 1 10): Incta 1B3 
and 234 (JaspaJ &-ngn 105: P Siesta 6-WJ. 
Australia won by 131 nms 

Washington Cap 
New York Is 
New York Ran 
Pittsburgh Pen 
New Jersey Dowd 
Adana League 

T Pts 
1 25 

F A 
73 41 
50 76 
67 52 
63 72 
75 61 
06 78 

COLUMBUS. OMg Cotawtaia manafcoe 
i Kansu 

49 (course 

record): 2. S Kaskaak) (HnL 234.14: 3. C 
Testa (WGL 24522 


PARIS; SoMtey race: Standage after Bn 
fire - £ VbBo1 <PrJ and O Ctark (Aus). 181 
BJS. 2. C Matter <Fr) ana T Doyle (GBL59; 3. F 
Moser and G Biiw hw. m rw. im wwi 

Quebec Nord 
Boston Bruns 
Montreal Can 
Buffalo Sabres 
Hartford Whalers 

9 5 
4 11 
7 5 

T PtS 

4 20 

5 16 
3 21 
2 10 
3 17 

F A 
74 64 
58 61 
66 59 
58 61 
54 56 


Jtoser and G Bontera (inT onelap befarid. 
ISM; and SJcho (Snttzf. one lap 

barred. >*(* 5- U F renter and O Gutgar 
(Swttrt. one lapbennd. 60. 

CampbeR Conference 

Norris Ormsioo 


kult IS Korea) WM Butter (Can). _ 
mn domes. *«t Pang Wadood i US) and 

Surn Han- 
15-3. 15-9. 


JGmmg Yao (Cn) Bt TKaragHl and n Nakama 
(Jap). (5-4. 15-10. MbcedaoUbiaa, KbA M 
Sutter and J Fatardasi (Can) m P Ran** and 

. _ . (CanltnPRai 

S HU (Can). 15-5. 156. Wonan’a iWm, 
ftaafcO JufienlCan] bt H Mori (Jap). 12-1B. 3- 
11. 12-9. Women"* do u M oe . Knot D Jufen 
and J Fatadaau (Can) bt Y Fustn and M 

NataPma (Jap) 18-16. 156. 


LEAGUE: Men** d l v tau ii one: Caktaestar 1 
C«fy ft OBC Poole 2 Redwood 
Lodge 3: Spark 3 Portamoum l. Speedwell 
ftMiwra^tal Ota 0. WtaMaVdMdM 
row: Portsmouth 3 Soutfwea 0; Spa* 3 
Bradford i; Aahcombe 3 Bratuora ft Sparti 3 
ftamaiolMun 1. Sne*dw»«.1 Snuthtwtwn 

St Louis Blues 
Chicago Hawks 
Minnesota North 
Toronto Maple 
Detroil Red Wings 
Smyths Division 

W L 

8 5 

4 11 

5 9 

9 5 
7 9 

T Pts 
4 16 

F A 
SO 4fl 

SO B2 
GO 67 

61 51 
47 56 

E dm onton Otars 
Calgary Flames 10 8 

Winnipeg Jets 1 1 6 

Vancouver Can 4 12 

Los Anocrtes Kirns 6 11 

W L T Pts 

11 8 1 23 

0 20 

1 23 

2 10 
1 13 

F A 
87 74 

63 65 
72 58 
50 71 
68 79 


ARGENTINIAN: Ferro Carol Oesie 1. 
Argentines Juniors 0: Gtmnasia y esgrana 
0. Union de Santa Fa 0; Taiieres de 
Cordoba f. San Lorenzo de Ahnaoro l; 
Racing Club 0. Depomvo EsoancH 1 : Velez 
Saisteid 2. Indetranpientf 2. Boca Ju- 
niors 1. institute da Cordoba 2: Ceporhvo 
ita&anc- 1. Newell's GW Boys t. Racing de 
Cordoba l. Estucbames de La Plata 1: 
Hosano Central 4. Temperteu 1 : Platense 
0. River Plate 0. 

AUSTRIAN: Wiener SportWub 6. Ktaoon- 
furt 0. FC Tiro) 4, Linz ASK 2: Grazer AK 0. 
Adrrnra Wacker 0: Eisenstadl 2. Vienna 0; 
Austria Vienna 1 Rap*d Vienna 1. Voest 
Linz 1. Sturm Graz 0. Leading positions: 
t. Austria Vienna, played 20 . 30 poults : 2. 
FC TiroL 20 27; 3. Rapid v^nna. 20. 25. 

BELGIAN: Lcijetm 2 Seraing 1. Racing 
Jet 2. Bershem 0: Mechelen a. Ghent i: 
Wareg em 0- Beveren »; Antwerp t. 
AndenecntJ.FC Liege i.Cerae Bruges 0: 

Ejtcelwor 3. Veendam 2; SC Enschede 1, 
Den Haag 7. Sparta 1. Utrecht 2. 
FRENCH: Monaco 1.NancyO;Touiouse3. 
La Havre 0. La «al 1 . Sochaux 1 ; Aweire 0. 
Bordeaux 1: Sant Etienne 0, Nantes O. 
Metz 3. Use 0; RC Pans 2. Toulon 0: Lens 
1. Pans SG 0. Marsede 3. Nee i: Brest 2. 
Rennes 1 Lending poaMotiK 1. Mar- 
seille. 25 poms: z. Bordeaux, 25: 3, 
Toulouse 21. 

HUNGARIAN: Tatabanya 0, ZTE 0: 
Haladas 1. Ferenc/aros 0: Eger 4. Raba 
ETO 3; Pecs 2. Videoton 0: Utoesr Dozsa 
0. Bekescsaba ft MTK-VM Z Sntok 0; 
Dunaujvaros 2. Budapest Homed 3; 
Debrecen 1. Vasae 1. Leadtoo position* 
1 Ufpest Dozsa. piaveo 12. is points: 2. 
MTX. 12. ifl. 3. Haladas. 12. 16. 

LEAGUE OF IRELAND: Dundafc 3. Cork 

Bucharest 4. Bacau i : Sportul Studenusc 
Buchares: 7. Rapid Bucharest 2 
linnrersitatoa Craiova 1. Jsd P etiuwi rt ft 
Victoria Bucharest 3. Chmia Vitoea 2. 
Lettflng potatteRR 1. Steaua Bucharest, 
21 po«its: 2, Onarno Bucharest 17: 3. 
Petrohil Ptoesti. 14. 

SOVIET UNION: Spartak Moscow 6. 
Aram Yerevan Z Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 
2. Torpedo Kutaisi ft Cheroomorets 
Odessa 1, Dynamo 7b®s ft Dynamo 
Minsk 1. Zerat Leningrad 2; Dynamo 
Moscow 2L Nettcta Baku 1. Leading 
position s: Dynamo Moscow, played 27. 
36 pewits: 2. Spartak Moscow. 29. 35: 3. 
Zenit Leningrad. 28. 33. 

City 0: Galway United 2. ABtione Town ft 
Home Farm t. Bohemians Z St Patrick's 

SPANISH: Reel Valadodd 0. Atietico 
Madrid 0; Reel Madrid 2. Athletic Bttao 4; 
Espanol 5. Sovtfia 1; Real Murcia 2. 

Oub Bruges 5 MoenDeek 1 : Beerscncu 3. 
r ip i. Standard L»s^ 9- Charleroi Z 

Kami* t 


j potationo: Anoerlesfti. piaveo 1 1. 
19 poms: 2. Club Bruges, it. 19- 3. 
Standard Liege. 11. 15 

Attuetic 0. Bray Wanderers 0; Sngo 
Ravers 2. Limerick Cny 1; Waterford 
Umtoo 0 Shamrock Rovers 0. LoMtirm 
positions: 1. Shamrock Rovers 5. 9: £ 
Warertor d United. 5. 8: 3. Bohemians 5. 8. 
LUXEMBOURG: Jeunesse Each 1. 

SabarteH ft Sporting Gqon 2. Real 
lealZarac ‘ “ 

MaUoroa Z Real Zaragoza 4. 

Real Beta 0. Barcelona 1; Real 
Z Oaaouna 0: Las Palmes 5. Cadiz CL 

LeaAig p otattonm 1. Bvcetona. ptojiixl 

CZECH: Bohemi a ns Prague 4. CesKe i; 
Banska Bystrica 1. Vitkovioe 0: Spartak 
Tmava 1. Soarta Prague 0. Stmna 
Otomojc 5. Tatran Prasov i; PtastiLs 
Nrtra 2. Zlbna ft Sysdesdsen 1. DunaifJia 
SSreda Z Dukla Prague O. CheP ft Ban* 
Ostrava 0. SUvia Prague 3 Leading 
positions: 1. Sperta Prague. IB pts: 2. 
Bohemians Prague. 16, 3. DumusAa 
Sireda 16. 

Petange ft Alhanoe Oudalanrte i . Spora 5: 
Pr ogres Niedetcorn 3, wOce ft. 

i4. 20 points: z Real Madrid. 
EspanoL 14. IB. 


Luxembourg 9. Red Boys ft Bschen 0. 
Grovenmacner 2. Beggen 3, Hesperange 
t Leadng poallioo s: f. Jeunesse, ptayed 
S. IB points: 2. Beggen. 7. 18: 3. Spora. 6. 


DUTCH CUP: Second round: AflV 1. FC 
Den Bosch 2 NCiorOvnk t. Gokjtop ft 
Sparta 25 3. AZ'67 Aikemaar 0. PSV 
Eindhoven 6. RKC 1. SW t. Tweme 

Ensenede 7 : vnesse Z Votondam v. pec 
Z wota 2. CS 79 3: Achilles '29 1. WV 5. 
Rheden 0. Aja> 2. DVW l. Fomma Sittara 
3: SC Herades 1 . Feyenoora 3: Groningen 
3. MWW 1: De Graafscnao Z Haarlem i; 

PORTUGUESE: Benftca 2. Academca 0: 
Boavreia 1. Porto 1: Govnaraes Z 
Salgueiros ft Farenw 0. Betanenses 0: 
Varmri 1 Braga ft Chaves 3. Rio Ave Z 
3vas 1. Portanonense 1; Maritime i 
Sporting D. Leading st a nd h i ga i 1. 
Benrna. played 11, 19 points: Z Porto, 11, 
18: 3. Gwmaraes. 11. 18. 

ROMANIAN: Conmul Htmedoara 3. 
Dmamo Bucharest 5: Placara Moroni 0. 
Brilyov 1; Arges Pltestr 0. OH ft OI8M 
Galati 1. Buzau ft Pctroiul Roesti 1. 
Umveratialea Ou| Napoca ft Steaua 

TURKISH: Samsumpor 1. D anatap or ft 
Ankaragucu 1. Galatasaray Z ABay 1. 
Trabzonspor 0: Besiktas 4. 
Diyaitalarspor 1; Zonwtdaflrepar 0. 
Fenerbahca ft Sariver 1. GenderbirM 1; 
Malatyaspor ft Rcrespar 1 . Eskisehkspor 
0. Leading potations: 1. Samsunspar. 
played 13, IB paints: Z Gatetasaray. 1Z 
17: 3. Bestatas. 1Z 15. 

YUGOSLAV: Prtstina 3. Rijalca 1: Ostysfc 1, 
Dmamo Zagreb ft Sutjeska 5. Stobcne 1: 
Vardar &kopf« 0. Buducnost ft Red Star 0, 
Cel* i. Radmcki 0, Pariizan i: veiaz 
Moetar 2, Sarajevo ft Hqduk Spfef Z 
Dnamo Vmkovo ft ZNe&kOr vs Spartak 
postponed. Leadteg posibons: l, vardar, 
played 13. 15 potato: a Vetaz. 13. 14; 3. 
Hawuh. 13. 14. 

There was no let-up to the 
complete dominance the West 
Indian fast bowlers have estab- 
lished against the Pakistan bats- 
men when the fourth one-day 
international was played here 
yesterday. Pakistan, needing 
203. were al (out for a paltry 113, 
which left West Indies winners 
by 89 runs. West Indies now 
have a 4-0 lead in the series, 
which is completed today in 

The teams agreed beforehand, 
the game should be a 45 overs 
contest and it was further re- 
duced when Pakistan only man- 
aged to bowl 44 overs before 
lunch. Any realistic chance 
Pakistan held of winning dis- 
appeared when they slumped to 
30 for four after 18 overs. 
Marshall utterly beat the new- 
comer, Sajid Alt Waldi had 
Ramiz and Ejaz caught behind, 
and m between Sboeib gave 
short midwicket a simple catch 
against a slower ball from 

Miandad and Imran played 
some entertaining strokes as 
they added 64 in 14 overs for the 
fifth wicket but it was in a 
forlorn cause. When Gray re- 
turned, Imran hit a high catch to 
deep mid-wicket and half an 
hour later tbe match was fin- 
ished. Gray took four for 16 in 
four overs in his second spell 
and was made man of tbe 
match. Miandad was seventh 
out, a despairing stroke yielding 
a catch to long-on. The crowd, 
tbe best behaved on the tour so 
for, watched the debacle almost 
in silence. 

West Indies, who were put in 
to bat, finished with the largest 
total either side has managed in 
the series so for. Logie and 
Gomes, whose fourth-wicket 
stand of 92 in 17 overs was a 
record between these two coun- 
tries. provided the backbone. 
Harper dominated the final 
thrash with Dqjon, hitting 
Imran for sixes over long leg and 

Greenidge was rested by West 
Indies while Wasim Akram, 
whose injured foot has mended 
more quickly than expected, 
returned at tbe last moment for 
Mnnzoor Elahi in the Pakistan 

side. Richardson and Haynes 
provided a solid foundation 
before they were out in 
successive overs 

When Richards foiled again. 
West Indies were 61 for three 
from 21 overs. Richards tried to 
drive Tauseef bat was bowled 
when the ball turned more than 
he expected. In all matches on 
this tour, 10 innings have now 
brought him only 206 nms, one 
of the leanest periods in his 
career. In the one-day inter- 
nationals his scores have been 7, 
17,0 and 4. 

Overall, leg-spinners have 
dismissed him four times, and 
off-spinners and seamers three 
times each. He refuses to find 
any excuse and says, “These 
things happen, it won't last for 

Logie made several crisp 
strokes during the fourth-wicket 
recovery but Gomes was fortu- 
nate more than once against the 
spinners, who bowled well. 
They were out to successive 
balls. Gomes foiled to beat 
Qadir's throw from mid-wicket 
as he completed a second run, 
then Logie played bade to Imran 
and was leg-before. 


DL Haynes bTousaol 21 

R B Richardson c Tanaef b JaRer _ 26 

A L Logie taw b Imran 46 

*1 V A Retards b Tauseef 4 

H A Gomes rut out 38 

tPJDutonnotaut 10 

- 34 
_ 23 

RA Harper not out 

Extras (b 16. b6, w 1),_ 

Total 0 tad*. 44 orara) 202 

M D Marshal A H Gray. W K R Beniamin 
and C A Walsh <M not ntL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50, 2-61. 361. 4- 
153, 5-153. 

BOWLING: Imran 9-1-46-1: JaHer 9-1-22- 
1: Tauseef 9-1-29-2 Oarfr 9-3-32-ft 
Shoaib 4-0-25-0; Wasim Akram 4-0-26-0. 

Shoaib Mohd c Richards b Benjamin 11 

Sajkl Afl Ibw b Marshal IZ 7 

RamtzRaJacDuon b Waish 7 

Jawed Miandad c Gomes b Gray 

Baz Ahmed c Ou)on b Watsh t 

Imran Khan c Looto b Gray 24 

AbcUQadrrunoul ’ 1 

tSafcn Yousuf st Dufan b Gomes 9 

Akram c Richards b Gray 4 

Tauseef Ahmed cDutanb Gray 

Salecni Jotter not out 

Extras (b5.b5.wS.nb1) 
Total (38£ overs) 

„ 1 

. . 16 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-27, 3-27. 4- 
3ft 5-94. 6-95. 7-96. 8-100. 9-108, 10-113. 
BOWUNG: Marshal 5-1 -7-1:1 
4: Waish S-4-7-2: 

Harper 9-1-22-0; 

Gomes 02-0-1-1. 



7.30 unless stated 

FA Cup 
First round 

Bristol Rovers v Brantford (7-45) .. 
First round replays 
Altrincham v FrkWey 

v Slough 

OvBaiWng v Hamel Hempstead: Car- 
filiation v Rmboru Chertsey v Grays 
AtWagsBaagdawv Leattwrttead: Hwtimd 

v Duhnta Hamlet; HitcHn v Hrnttadga 
v Worry- 

Wanderers v Hafifax Town 
Carfisle v Notts County 

Colchester v Bishop's Stortford 

Doncaster v Whitby 

EnfieU v Dartfoid 

Fulham v Hereford 
Rotherham v Chester 

Swansea v Wealdstone 

Wolverhampton v Choriey 

Littiewoods Cup 
Fourth round 

State; Leytonssone Word v 

Layton Wingate v Hampton. St Allans v 
Windsor ana Eton; Walton and Hors h am* 
Haws: Wycombe wanderers v Worthing. 
RM ArMon: Borehem Wood v OxtoA 
City. .Stones Town v Wamhtey. Second 

drain north: Cheshunt v Avetey. Harin- 
Borwftv Barton Rovers’ South: 
“•Tfenl Poflce * Whytoteate. 

CUP: FM round: FncJdov v 

Bu oatTC Os westry V Brotregiwe: Slough 
v cnausnham. 

Untied « Sudbury; 

Arsenal v Chariton (7.45) 

Shrewsbury v Cardiff 

Southampton v Aston VHa 

West Ham Utd v Oxford Utd (7.45) . 

Flnt round: Andover v Wtaortoo: Ashford 

w Tohtetitoe: Ayteslxxy v RtusHp; Banbury 

v Worcester; Efedworth w Sutton Cokffiakft 

Bridgnorth v WtttonhaH; BUston v Moor 

Green: Burrtaam and HM n ud o n v 
Basingstoke; Cambndge City vVwndftxd: 
Canterbury v Thanefc Chatham v 
Shepoew Dorchester » Trowbridge; Eriih 
and BeMGdBra v Oarttorfc Folkestone « 

Down Grantham « VS. Rugby; Graves- 

end v Fisher Halesowen v Redtfitch; 

Hastings v Crawley: M e rt hy r v Gloucester: 

Rushden v King’s Lym; Witney v Forest 

FA VASE: Second round: Havant Town v 
Sanstead Athletic. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE (7.0 unless stated): 

Fk s td ti ri ta on: Leeds v Nottingham FOresc 

M tadle sbro u gh vSundertand: N o we as tle v 

Coventry. Second (Melon: Blackpool v 

Gorfeston v Harwich axf P: Great Yar- 
mwiB 1 v Lowestoft Hwerha v Bralittee: 
HWon vFeHxstows; Soham Town Ftarn- 
JktaBa v Newmarket: 


Oevedon v Radstock; WMngmn v 
Swanaga Town and H. 
L EAGUE; P mtaer dMtaon: Rounds v 
innmiflDor o. 

B ournemou th v Swansea (ZQy. Bristol Ctty 
*ShrawBb»yjaot: Torquay Unhad v 

Doncaster Grimsby v West Bromwich: 

Jv Bradford < 

— SCTtiOH CUP: Rrat 

romd: Hungertoro Town * Bracknea 


OAB MATCHES: Mortmr v Gostortti 

TOUB,, *s»^ toa 

RffiXETS: Noel Bruce Cup (at Queen s 

SQtfoSH ' RACKETS: Cpm blnad Senrtces 


County y Stoke: Wigan v Yoric. 


Oty (730); Notts 

Cbb. FamhamL 

(TON: QPR w R6- 

ham CJ^SwMon « Chariton (230)- 

UK Open (at 


LTA Women’s tournament (at 

*\ O 

•. -e ■: i. 

said yesterday the organizers of 
tbe competition bad studied 
similar events in the United 
States. West Germany, France 
and Switzerland and bad sorted 
out the better features. 

So for. Feaver said. 18 venues 
bad expressed interest. They 
ranged from the North-East to 
Bournemouth and Greater 
London. Most would have to 
wait until the second division 
was formed. As for tbe chosen 
eight venues, to be announced 
later this week, it woul d be n p to 
approved team managers to 
round up six likely lads — of 
whom four would take part in 
each tie. 

Every quartet must include at 
least three British players and 
can include one overseas player. 
Ail the heading British players 
are expected to be involved, 
notably John Lloyd, Jeremy 
Bates and Andrew Castle. Eng- 
land is also a temporary borne 
for many foreign players and it 
is possible that tbe likes of Peter 
McNamara, Peter Fleming, 
Kim Warwick, Sherwood Stew- 
art. Andy Kohlbezgand perhaps 
one or two Swedes may be 
tempted to play. 

Lloyd said yesterday: “All the 
team tennis I have seen has been 
fun and I have always wondered 
if such a scheme could work in 
Britain once we had the indoor 
centres. The new league should 
be good for the dobs and should 
stimulate interest among local 

The format for tbe ties will be 
unusuaL There will be four 
singles and one doubles, with 
every match consisting of one 
set with a tie-break, if necessary, 
at 6-afl. Tbe detailed allocation 
of team points seems, in my 
view, to be unnecessarily com- 
plicated. We may be sure, too. 
that such a revolutionary 
scheme will have teething trou- 
bles. But at this stage it would be 
churlish to cavil at a bold 
innovation from which British 
tennis has nothing to lose and, 
probably, much to gain. 



•: *4 



• . ■■-•i-x. ■ 


“ si 




Edited by Peter Davalle 
end Elizabeth Larard 

\ An anatomy of the rectangular idol 

• Wisdom, m the shape of the 
one-line epigram, is soraething- 
The Mope Rectangle ( BBC2, 
9.00pm) is rather fond of And, 

just as Robert Robinson dispenses 

it tiberallvin his Saturday evening 
Radio 4free-for-afl Stop the Week 
so he takes to his presenter's role 
in Patricia Houlihan's anatomy of - 
a television personality like a dude 
takes to water. Celebrity, he 
opines, is what yon volunteer for. 
Fame is what happens when you 
are not thinking about it. And yon 
would be hard put to improve on 
Robinson's definition of the old- 
time radio announcers as men ' 
who mediated the. news like well- 
trained footmen. Robinson is 
himself a television personality, of 
course, and be is uncharacteris- 
tically modest in not attemp t^ 
an anatomy of his own popular 
appeal Other familiar television 
fhces that have been mustered by 
Patricia 'Houlihan in her mainly 

C . CHOICE *) 

good-natured film (there is a 
moment of tastiness involving 
Robin Day) are more forthcom- 
ing. Marenanita Laski, quint- ■ 
essentially intellectual as always, 
says she round panel game tame a 
corrupting exercise; She 'hated 
deference of the nylons-ondcr-thc- 
cotmter- variety. Malcolm Mugg 
cridge; his reputation as popular 
age still intact, shrewdly identi- 
fies the paradox that must, . in his 
performing heyday, have caused 
him some soul-searching: in the 
ideal lift, suppression of tiro ego is 
the first priority, .but inflation of 
ego is the first essential of life on 
television. As to the difference 
between being a TV personality 
and being a TV star, there is this 

Macdonald Hobley: Pick your 
nose often enough on television 

' and you can become a personality. 
Stardom is something else again. 
• One Per Cent of Us ( Tteme, 
U.30pm,but at different times 
and on other days elsewhere on 
ITV), is a most sensitive attempt 
to explore the world of the 
mentally handicapped and to 
identify the seemingly insur- 
mountable problems of those who 
have the responsibility, both in- 
side and outside the family, of 
caring for them. The film repre- 
sents an extraordinary degree of 
persistence on the pan of its 
writer-director, John Pea. Twenty 
years ago, he made his first film 
about some mentally handicapped 
children at a special school in 
Devon. Ten years later, he re- 
corded what had happened to 
them in adolescence. Now he 
.picks up die story of five of them, 
m then- late twenties and early 
thirties and, in a way that con- 
centrates cur minds wonderfully 

on. the new- and controversial 
system of taking the mentally 
handicapped but of institutions 
and returning than to the commu- 
nity, makes a quietly powerful 
plea for the feelings of the handi- 
capped to be taken into account 
before a well-intended but not 
sufficiently thought . out social 
experiment reaches the point of no 

• Despite the epic miscasting of 
Toyah Wilcox as the meddling 
commissar, I recommend Ned 
Chaillct’s lusty production of 
Vishnevsky’s tale of the Russian 
Revolution, Optimistic Tragedy 
(Radio 3, 7 JO). The music high- 
lights on Radio 3 indude the 
Philhamronia playing Rachman 
inov’s second symphony (9.50pm) 
and Kirshbaum playing the Schu- 
mann cello concerto with the BBC 
Philharmonic (12. 1 Opm) 

Peter Davalle 

— * * ' 

•^ •m ** , * - - « , i 

-V- . . A 

» A -Cl • - 

• • 

> • MKl n 

t.? r ' 

p « , ■ ' 

/ ... -5$^ ' 

■ . .. 
' w 


The fire in One Per Cent of Us: (Thames, 1130pm. Times, and the date of 
t ransmissio n of the documentary, vary mother ITV regions. 

an pa: 

600 CofttaxAM.. 

620 THeFUntsacMiaa. Cartoon 
series. 625 Waathor 
7.00 Breakfast Time wttfi Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnusson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
.. International news at 7.00, 

7 20,-800, 830 and 900; 

. regional news and travel at 
7%T4S. 9M and MS; 
weather at 726, 725, 825 and 

905 Finishing School, (j) 

9.45 Advice Shop. How a local 
OHSS office works. 

1OU0 Nteghboura (t) 1020 The 
' Wombtes (r) 1025 PhfUtp 

- Schofield with his review. 

- 10-3Q Pfay School with Wayne 
Jadonanwid Janet Palmer. 
10.50 Henry’s Cat (r) 1025 

- Five to Eleven. Saeed Jeffrey 
with a thought for the day. 

1100 Vegetarian Kitchen. In the 
third in the series Sarah Brown 
shows tow to make 
wholemeal bread, (r) 

1125 Opm Air. Viewers' comments 
-on programmes. 

12.23 Airport 06 — Uve. Paula 
Peterzan shows the training 
and Irfe of an airline 
stewardess; a look at the . . 
service of the Airline ol the 
Year; a report from the 
Heathrow Fire Service; and a 
trip on a flight simulator. 1235 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 News with Mtetyn laws. 
Weather 125 Neighbours. 
Weekday soap senna 
Matooume siaxirb 130 Stop- 
Go. A See-Saw programme far 
the very young , fr) 

ZOO FBm: Stowaway* (1930) 

- starring Shfitey Temple, Robert 
Young and AhceFaye. A 
romantic musical comady ' 
about the escapades of an 
orphan on board a luxury 
cruiser. (Directed by WUwm 
: A. Setter) 

325 Children to Need — Three 
: Days to Oo. Joanna Lumtoy 
looks at tittpreponfebus tor 
ims years Children in Meed 


The CtvucMstmnds 405 
Captain Caveman. Cartoon 
adventures of a Stone Age 

with his parents in me oorth or 
England 420 Laurel and 
Hardy. Cartoon (r)425 Racord 
Breakers presented by Roy ; 

500 John Craven’s Newsround 
5-10 Grange HBL Episode 13. 

525 Hastartonn. Quiz (teres for 
_ teams with Angela Nippon. 
600 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Phfflp Hayton, Weather. 

625 London Ptus. 

700 Telly Addtets Introduced by 
Noat Edmonds. \ 

720 EaatEndare. Den takes Angle 
off to Venice for thetr second 


800 No Place Uk 

Ufa Home. 

starring W36am Gaunt and : 
Patricia Garwood as a married 
couple, having to cope with the 
problems of tneir grown-up - 
offspring. (Ceefaxl 

820 Yes, Prime Mnbter. Jim has 
. his first real conflica with the 
Foreign Office and wonders 
who » fn charge of foreign 

900 ftamiwKh Ju6aSomervBaand 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
news and weather. 

920 All the Best - Dave ABen. 
Hi^ifi^tta from the comiCs 
previous series. 

1000 FBm 86. presented hy^ Barry 
' Norman. 

1020 «tattHbnaion;FirstofatwD- . 

Horstey as detective Matt - • 
Houston, who finds hhnsalf ■ 
reliving the Vietnam war whan 
. a women raves httn a 
: photograph of Rcy’sson W1 
who was Idled in action ~ 
11.15 Ideas Ur^ilted. A report by 
- WffliamWaoltenJ from the 
industrial Society Conference, 

- . where acongjotnlon was 
leunched to find the best 

_ Brtush company. t0- 

1100 W oedtef . T7 

900 GBwrtter. Magazine 

prog ramm e for Astern women. 
925 Interval. 

925 Daytime on Two: Language 
resource programme (ri 922 
Portrait of the Artist (r) 10.15 
Look and read (r) 1029 Botany 
(rt 1100 What to Wear 11.17 A 
study of Moorlands (r) 1100 
Wondermaths (8) 1127 Maths 
investigations (r) 1Z18 Maths 
(0 12^ Part 3 of the series on 
the art of poetical lobbying 1 05 
The news as seen by viewers 
of the Belgian station RTBF. 
123 Engfeh Time: Buddy (part 
4) (r) 200 You and Me. m 

Z15 1m Parent ProjpainoM. -The 
first programme of a new 
series looks at a family in 
which the husband’s net pay Is 
£70. The mothar of four 
children says she is unable to 
give them a healthy (Set on tha 
£25 weekly she has available 
for food. 

220 Songs of Praise with toe 
Safvatlon ArmyfrtCeefax). 

305 The Model World of Robert 
Syme*. A celebration of the 
world of models. (0 325. 
Re^onalnews. weather. 

400 Pamela Annstrong. Chat 

420 Floyd oitfiteL Kteth Floyd 
sranpies fish cookery In St 
Mato. Brittany, (rt 

500 Top Sopwith: A water. 

Raymond Baxter interviews Sir 
Thomas Sopwtth about the 
development of toe famous 
alBed fitoter of WPrtd War I: 
the Camel, (r) 

- 520 Schools Prom featurirq The 
Doncaster Youth Jazz 
Orchestra with soloist Barbara 
Thompson ; toe AKS Brass 
Bisembie from Bamstoy; and 
the Grangetown Primary 
School Raoorder Group. 

600 No Unite from Hadrian's WML 

Bob Hoskins as the good-natured husband in the short film The 
Woman wbo Married Dark Gable ( Channel 4> U05pm) 

heroin, his fife changes 
abruptly. Shocked, yet 
fascnatacL he dso becomes 
dependent and seeks help 
from h a friend. Starring Chris 
Hargreaves and Mark 
Croshaw. (r) .. 

720 RaBy Report 86. WBflam 

Wooterd reports on toe action 
at toe end of the third day of 
. toe Lombard/RAC RaBy. 

725 Cricket First TeaL Richie 
Benaud Introduces Mghigtrts 
of the fourth day's play in 

800 MyMasic. ABgbthaarted 
mustate knowledge quiz with 
Flank Muir, John Amis, Dennis 
Norden and lan WaHaca. In the 
chair is Stave Race (r) 

>20 Food and Drink presented by 
Chris Kefly, Michael Barry and 

900 The Magic Rectangle. (See 

1000 Louis Annstrong Annivereary 
Concert. A trtoute featuring 
Johnny M. and the Mdnite 
FoWes Orchestra, (rt 
1020 N ewte right 
1100 Rally Report 88. HtoMights of 
day three. Ends at 1Z(B 

8L25 Thames news headBiws. 

920 Schools: Physics -The Laws 
of Motion (1)926 The 
Importance of friendships. 
1009 My BtoSister's Birthday 
Party. 10.25 Pofittelans - use or 
television and how TV, radio 
and newspapers deal with 
pofitica! Issues. 1008 

offenders. An experimental 
programme of naming, 
education and help seams to 
be bringing success; plus, 
Angela Lambert examines 

11.10 Opportunities offered b 
our environment for Ustoning I 
and making musical sounds. 
1127 The need for rest in 
humans, animals and plants. 
1104 Final part of the 

Waiting For You. 

1200 Tickle on Ms Tbm. Wage 
tales for children (rt. 1Z10 
Rainbow (ri 1220 The 
SidHvans. Drama swlal aboiri 
an Austrian family during the 

100 News at One with Leonard 
Parkfe. 120 Themss news. 

120 Sorrefi and Son. Episode 2, in 
which IHe is transformed for 
Stephen SorreH when he 
begins to work as a porter at 
the Paflcan hotel (r) (Oracle). 

220 Daytime. A discussion on 
beauty andwhether looks 
matter, with Anna Rasbum; 
Gayle Hunntaut; plastic 

Angela Lambert examines 
whether food additives are a 
he^th hazard- 

700 En uiwrdate Farm. Annie has 
an unexpected visitor . 

720 George & MBdreeL MHdred is 
delighted when George gives 
her an anniversary present, but 
less pleasant surprises are to 
come, (r) 

800 Des O'Connor Tonight Live. 
The entertainer's guests 
include Andy WSBams, Bob 
Monkhouse, Anita Dobson and 
Richard Ctaydarman. 

and bodybuilders and 

300 Three little Words Quiz game 
presented by Ray Alan 325 
Thames nows headlines. 

320 The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama senes set in a large 

eight of the dramatization of 
Joffey Archer's poHfical 
intrigue best setter, in which 
Simon Kersiake is surrounded 
by Intense security. 

1000 News at Ten with Sandy Gall 
and Carol Barries. Thames 
News headlines. 

1020 The London Stan dard Drama 
Awards presented by Nick 
Owan and hosted at toe 
GuSdhaB by Ned Sherri n. 

1120 One par cent of us. The third 
to a series of documentaries 
filmed over 20 years by John 
Pelt which foflows the fives of 
five mentafly handicapped 
people. (See Choice). 


220 Fame The High Sign* (1920) In 
toe first of three Busto- Keeton 
shorts Keaton is conned into 
, becoming a hired IriDar. One 

Week* (1921) Keaton plays a 
bridegroom who tries to 6uUd a 
house with blueprints 
sabotaged by a rival. The 
Uatefece* (1921) An Innocent 
entomologist is attacked by an 
Indian tribe. Ail directed by 
Buster Keaton and Eddie Ctine. 
320 World of Animation 
305 Years Ahead. A magazine for 
the older viewer. Armng the 
items Is advice on how to claim 
the new cold weather 
payments; and Zena Skinner 
offers some cheap ways of 
keeping warm; an Interview 
with film producer Hal Roach 
plus film clips; garden tog tips. 
420 Countdown. Today's 

challenger is Louis Schwartz, a 
retired engineer. 

500 Be w it che d. Samantha's cousin 
decides that she too would like 
to marry a mortal. 

520 All Stitched Up. Repeated 
series to which viewers bring 
their dressmaking and knitting 
mistakes to the studio to be 
corrected by experts. 

600 Remington Steele. Return of 
the romantic detective series. 

In part one partners Laura and 
Remington search for a 
missing reporter involved with 
a ring of art thieves 625 Muran 
Bu chstansongur. Cartoon 
(ventures ora mi 




BeBBis aasssssfa*— 

BJS-7 J0 Onowr oa aa 1030 Ons Percent 
or Us 1UO Lonoon Standard Drama Awards 

Gardening Time 1.20-1.30 News BJW 
Crossroads 6JS-7J0 News 10JO One Paicent 
ot Us 11.30 London Standanl Drama 
Awards 12J0MaJobfinaar 

400 The QktdyGameaow 4.10 
ThaTatebugs 420 CJLA. 
Drama serM405 Splash. 
Magazine programme for 



6.15 Good Momma Britain 

presented by Anna Diamond 

presented by Bob Hoiness. 

505 New s witoAiastelr Stewart 
600 Thomas nows. 

625 Reporting London presented 
by Michael Barrett Lynda 
Berry discovers an aH em afi ve 
to toe short sharp Shook 
method of sentencing young 
*-• ■ ■ 

and RichardKeys. News with 
Gordon Honeycombe at 6^1, 
700, 7-30, BJn, 820 and 9.00; 
sport at 6.40 and 7.40; 
exercises at 625 and 9.17; 
cartoon at 725; pop music at 
725; and Jem Barnett's 
postbag at 825. The After Nine 
guests mdude actor Nlchoias 
Parsons; plus a report on a 
new campaign to give women 
the right to have their babies at 


Jennifer O’Neill and William Devaoe in the TV movie about a rape, 
rhe Other Victim (Channel 4, 9.00pm) 


No longer need that frustrating due orthat aggravating missfr^ word . 
stop you from completing /wr crossword. 

Wool File is a new, practical, easy reference book for crossword and word 
game addicts-like you. 

Over 80,000 words are feted in 140 subject headings eg. animate, drink, 
geography, sport and science. 

Ail popular subjects such as food are further broken down Into sections 
- confectionery cufinaty terms, fruit, nuts, meat fish and vegetables. 

How about that for a menu? : 

Plus a whole host of essentia! but never before fisted" subjects such as 
containers, drugs. fo6te,phatogaphy sounds etc. etc. - 

tou name (tit's in VVordRle. But If you . 
cant name it VtortiFSe does. „ 

Word Fge The Uftimate 
Solution. ^ 

adventures ofa mucky little 
creature who fives in toe crack 
in a kitchen wail. 

700 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Nicholas Owen, 
includes a report and opinion 
pofi from the Dudley West 
constituency, believed to be 
indicative of the voting 
tendency to the country as a 

720 Comment from Christine 
Morris, wife, mother and 
volunteer with Nuclear Freeze. 

800 Brookskfe. Heather discovers 
that Nick has stolen a piece of 
her jewellery. 

820 4 What Ifa Worth. John 
Stoneborough investigates a 
scheme which has cost would- 
be car owners very highly; and 
Bill Breckon finds out now the 
proposed new product fiabiflty 
law migm help those injured in 
lift accidents. 

900 ram: The Other Victim. (1981) 
with William Devane and 
Jennifer O'Neffl. A made for 
television drama about the 
anguish of a husband whose 
wife of eighteen years is raped 
at knifB-pomt Directed by Noel 

1020 It Takes a Worried Man. 

Comedy series starring Pater 
Tilbury as a man struggling 
with middle age and a broken 

11.15 Soap. Weekly soap parody. 

1105 TheWomen Who Married 

Clark Gable. A fitoi adapted 
from a story by Sean 

12.15 Their Lordships' House. Ends 
at 1220. 

I , *3 


130-4.00 Sons and CteiigtvsrB &O0 Gro- 
mtt Aepatt US Tin* S Vour fitah* S3OTX0 
Crossroads IDJDOna Pwcant ot Us 
11 JO London Standard Drama Awards 


6JW News flu3S-7JX> Crossroads 1B30 
One Rarcanr ol Us 1 1 SO London SandM 
Drama Awards 1986. 



SCOTTISH As London axcapt 
teULT I I ion T2JQ., JO Gaang On tJO- 

■L36 Nows MS Poem 3JO-4JO Sons and 
Dammars S. 15-545 Emmeroata Fsnn 8J» 

Scotland Today ASS Cro s sn oa oa 7A0-7JQ 
Taka tf» Htan Road lOJO One Psrcant ot Us 
11 JO London Standard Drum Awards 
12S0 mi Lata Call 

TQW As London bbcikn: 12SOdb-LOO 
1 SI? . GatMOn 1 JO-l jo TSwNowsSJO- 
400 Sons ana Dainmara S-ISOua 
Honeybon S^O-S. *5 Cro ss roads fiJOTodxy 
South Wost&2S Tsienews U0 Tuesday 
V»ww 7JW-7J0 Ms ana Mv Grt 10J2 Ons Psr- 
com of Us 11J0 Standard Drama Awards 
TV^ As London •xcoptlZSOpKf-l .00 

Gotong On L30 Naum 1.30 Acoon an 
Drugs US A country Prcctm ZOO-2SO 
Acton on Drugs zoo-aso Action an Drugs 
6.12-M5 News fMoweQDy Sons and 
Daughtsni SJN> Coast to Coast 8J5 PoSce 5 
CJH-700 Crossroads mo Emrapranaur 
1240 Wa nted: D — dor Alive 1240 Company. 
TYNP TEES As London except 
■ II C * lc - ° i4>RwBnaiewia- 
1J0 Lookarouno 3.00-230 Wrusawa and 
Wei Noses BjOO Northern Life 6JJS-7-00 Cross- 
roads 1042 One Percent o( Us 1U0 Stan- 
dard Orwna Awards 12J0atn Alone Bt4 Not 


sMaa of Hen and Famous (Boo Hopei 
440 Good Evflntng Utster 826 Diary Dates 
,035-740 Crossroads 840 Pie Yard IMP 
Des O'Connor Tomgn Uve 1245ooi News 

YORKSHIRE *! Landon ****** 

.» wnngqina 1230-140 Caiandar 
Luncnome Live 120-140 News 330-440 
A Country Pracuco B40 Catendm &45-70X) 
Crossroads 1140 Hm Nigm 1240ae>- 
840 Muarc Box 

S4C Stans 11.10 Schools 1210 Rkie If 
| were King 240 Countdown 230 Utah 
Angle 340 Heart of Dragon 440 
FWahaiam 4.18 Paoecca 440 Hafoc540 Be- 
wttctno 540 Fthymmic Gymnastics WWM 
Cup 11986) 640 Treasure Hun 740 
Newyddkxi SaAti 740 Cain Owiad 840 
Ranvngton Swote. News 840 Bowen At 
Bannw 940 Arwydtflon Ryrdd 1040 Sloe 
Surod IDLES A Change olMtnd 1145 New Or- 
leans 1220an> 

News on toe hour. Headlines 
520am, 620, 720, 820. Sports 
Desks: 1002am. 1102. 

1202pm. 105. 202, 302, 402. 
505^602. 645 (mf only), 925, 

400am Cctfn Berry 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson 920 
Kan Bruce 1100 David 
PenhaBgon 105pm David Jacobs 
205 Gkxta Htxmiftxd (auction 
for Chflctien in Need) 3L30 David 
Hamilton 505 John Dunn 7.00 
Bob Holnass Presents BBC Radio 
Orchestra 900 Sinatra -A Man . 
and His Music (2). Presented by 
Barmy Green. Tonight The 
Tower on Sunset and Vtoe. 1000 
toman and Friends (with John 
Inman) 1020 Listen to Les (Las 
Dawson) 110$ Brian Matthew 

525 Test Match: tenth day of 
First Test From 
Brisbane. Ends at 725am 
625 weather. 700 News 
746 Concert: Atogri 

S ProCaratone 

chubert (Fantasia 

(Buach/Sarldn), Copland 
(Dance Symphony: 

Detroit SO). 800 News 
805 Concert (continued): 
Wranitzky (Ten German 
Dances: Ensemble Eduard 
Meflcus), Weber (overture 
JubeL Bamberg SO), Suttvan 
(Nightmare Song, and if 
you go in, laianthe: Reed. 

RPOJ. Walton (Prelude and 
Spitfee Fugue: Hale), 

Kodaly (Concerto for 
Orchestra: HunraKian 
Staid). 900 News 
S05 This Week's Composer 

So dare from sings songs 

including Cuckoo. Op 54 
No 8, and Does the day 
retan; also Dances, The 
MaW of Orleans, Act 2 (Royal 

composers such as 
Wagner, Schubert. 
Schumann, Hindemith 
and Stravinsky 

4.10 Delm6 Sting Quartet: 
Haydn (Quartet in C, Op 
74 No 1), WHflam Reed 
(Fantasy In A minor. Op 
12). 425 News 

s.00 Mairty tor Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection, presented by 
Jeremy S tep mano 

620 Barbara Strozzl; Jtxflth 
Nelson (soprano) and 
Nigel North (archlute) to 
motets written for 
performance by StrozzL 
tnchxSng Erat Petrus 
dormtens, and Salve, salve, 
salve regfna. Also, 

Paresti m dultedtoe nwnsam 

700 &jsan Tomes: piano 
recital. Bach (Partita in C 
minor, BVW 826) and Judith 

IF (long wavaMs) Stereo on VHF 
525 Shipping. B-D0 News Brieftog; 
Weather. 6.10 Fanning 
Today. 60S Prayer for tite 

620 Today, inct 620, 720, 

820 News. 605 
Business News 625. 725 
Weather. 700, 8.00 
News. 720 Letters. 725. 

825 Sport 725 Thought 
for the Day. 825 Yesterday 
in Parliament 827 
Weather Travel 
9.00 News 

905 Tues<te|fX^01-580- 

10.00 News; From our 

Correspondent Life and 
potties abroad, reported by 
BBC correspondents 
1020 Morning Story: The 

Hunter by Jan Patience. 

Reed by Graham Bloekey 
10.45 Daily Service (from St 
Paul's Church. 

Touching the Keyboard) 
720 Optimistic 

TragedyiRictiard Crane's 
andFavnia WBftams's 
translaaon of the piay by 
Vsevolod Vishnevsky, witl 
young commtesarand 

Opera House orchestra), 
Scottish Ballad, Op 46 No 2 
and Dawn, Op 46 No 6 
hvtth soloists Arttoipova, 

K.vv.s-tivffi). and Capriaao 

ttaNen (Delias SO) 

1000 SatohSaensend 

Poutenc: Dong«uk Kang 

(violin), Pascal Devoyon 
PWJS. Satot-Saens 
(Sonata No 1), Poulenc 

1045 SibefiuK Berlin PO 

(under KaraJan). En 

Sag a; and Symphony No 5 
1125 ttirofte: BBC Stogers, 
with Richard Lloyd 
■ Morgan (baritone), John 
Scott (organ). Mtssa: 
Tcxanemfra’s Intioit, 
Communion, poetiude 
12.10 BBC PWBtarmonic (under 
Ktea). With Ralph 
Wrshbeum (cello). Partone. 

ram and post this ^ 

coujxto toteMh uswtifan 

seren days and we flsenojou 
a pen. Ybu siwuid reeew 

yoi^copy of Ttod .Fte *APir\ 2S4ay5 •••■'■V . 7 SnS 

of our fBcewng your order.- "l 

- Please send cheque or post al autet - jyfy'} __ 

NOT CASH. Order to: WORD FILE WTER.Ke^tg . fi® 3 *™® 

(UK) Umttcd.Scpws House. Redh# RH1 3S8. 

Vte deliver to addresses t the UK rmctoding Northern Ireland) postage free. 

return the 

t undamped 

*/ witiWtaweek,and 
/-M'S Keesjng(UK)Ltotited 
r Mi# wffliEfttftd your money 
to fun. 

MwaahHixy rights are 

Please send hopies ofWDrd file at £ 4-95 (indudes free FfiP). 

. i enclose rry ctecue/flcsia! order for £_ made payaae to 

KEESi.NG (UK) UMHEDand send to Wferd FBe Offer, Somers House, Retflfl! RH1 IBS. 

Belfast 100am Charles Nova 
30O-40Qam ALitfle Night Music. 


fitaNawsdstk (until 62D)740 News 749 
TwaOhMour Hours 7J0 Succau Story 
7A5MMW0(K UK 840 Naws 848 Ratte- 
ttons 8.15 Tt a rtw tor Tomorrow 820 
Symphony tor fw 100 News 849 
Review of pa Bnteti Ptbh 815 World 
Today 940 Financial Naws 840 Look 
Ahead 145 Sounds of (ti* Sixties 1040- 
Nwvs 1041 Discovery 1040 The B*- 
troniad 1140 News true N«n About I 
Bntwn 1115 Wsmuids 1145 A Uttar 
from Scotland (umTrUO) 1948 RwSo 
Na«w«4i 1&15 MuHemck 1 1945 Spoils 
Roundup 140 Newa 149 TwannMour 
Hours 140 hawarfc UK 145 Reconfrig of 
the Week 240 Ovntook 845 Mu«c of 
WatMr 340 RkSo Newsreel 3.1* A Jofly 
Good Show 840 News 449 Commentary 

4.15 Onntxs 445 wand Today 540 
News 54S a Lecar from Scotland (Ufa 

5.15 840 News 848 TwemwfOW HOUTO 
84D Oavtous 840 News un Snet Lite 
840 Book CtitMCB 815 Jnianwtional 
Radar HUM Newt 1848 world Today 
1025 A Letter From Sootteod 1049 
RnandaJ News 1040 Reflection* 1045 

Oonosrto). 100 News 
106 Concert (cored): Dvorak 
(Symphony No 7} 

120 Gutter encores: Kantitito 
Ya/nashita ptays works 
Gaidar, King Christian B), 

the cast The penod: early to 
the Russian Revolution 
900 PMOiairnorria Orchestra 
(under Mariss YansonsL 
With Robert Cohen (cstto). 
Partone. Prokofiev 
(Symphony No 1), 
Tcw* 0 !#s% (Variations 
on rococo them®) 

925 Saltykov s World: Jack 
Wafer’s dramatization of 
three tales by Sajytykov- 
Idealistic Cap. Wtth Edward 
De Souza, George 
Parsons, John Church, 
Manning wteon, and 
Susie Brann. 

9-50 Concert (contd): 
(Symphony No a 
1020 FlrstNightArariewby 
MaritynButter of Wfldflre, 
starring Diana Riga, now 

Theatre, to London 
1100 Cart Maria von Weber; 

« 20 iwes of CrtmJniwy 124G Nm Dan«)»<Brmwi 

,, r> _ - A 

Name (Mr/Mrs/'MisSL 


1128 Seeds iX Crtmtoetey 1240 mm 
1249 Mews About Oman 12.16 Rack) 
Newsreel 1220 OmMxB 140 News 141 

Dance) and Bnttm 
{Nocturnal. Op 70) 

220 Do you Kke Weber? 

• Recordings of titeutas to 
Cart Maria von Weber, by 

playsPtano Sonata No 1. 
ano Chopin’s Baflade No 
1 toGmnor.Op23 

1127 News. 

1225 Test Match: fifth day of 
First Test to Brisbane. 
Until 225am. The 
conmentary reopens at 

Sreij^aJOThB Betttmed 340 News 349 
News AtxxitBritem 3.18 WkxidToMy 220 

1100 News; Travel; Thirty 
Minute Theatre: The 
Positive Approach by Louise 
Spencer. Modem 
comedy about a aioveiess 
girt, with Wendy Morgan 
as the office workers who 
goes to a computer- 
dating agency 
1123 Times Remembered 
(new series) Ian 
Skidmore talks to Richard 
Evans, former cox of the 

Moettre lifeboat and holder 
Of two RNU gold medals 
1200 News; You and Youre. 

Consumer advice 
1227 My Music (new sertss). 

With John Am®, Frank 
Muir, lan Wallace and Denis 
Nordem. Chairman: 

Steve Race (s) 

1225 weather; Travel 

1.00 The World at One: News 
1-40 The Archers. 125 


200 News; woman's Hour. 
Alcohol, and the young 
addicts. A report by Gabrielis 

300 News; The Afternoon 
Play. The Fairy Fetter's 
Masiar-strcke by Mick 
Manga n. With Patrick 
Troughton as the anist 
fifcnam Dadd (s) 

4.00 News 

405 Beaujofetis Days. Joe 
ReW traces the story of 
the wms and me region 
420 Kaleidoscope, last 
night s edition, repeated, 
inckides comment on the 
West End production of 
Mr and Mrs Nobody, and the 
„ PrixGon court 
5.M) PM. News Magazine 

520 Shipping forecast 525 

600 News: Financial report 
629 Top of the Form; Lord 
Mayor Traioar College, 

Alton versus Stonetaw High 
School, Glasgow (rl 
700 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 File on 4. Major Issues at 
home and abroad 
8.00 Medicine Now. Geoff 
Watts on thB health of 
medical care 

620 The Tuesday feature: 

The Ironmonger. Sir Alec 
Issigonis. designer of the 
Mini and the Moris 
Minor, celebrates his 60th 
birthday, and examines 
the current state of the motor 

900 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap 
920 Aspects of London. Four 
programmes reflecting 
life in thB capital as depicted 
in letters and diaries of 
the period (2) Politicians. 

With Saan Street 
9.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 

comments on Jenufa. at 
the Royal Opera House. 
Covent Garden, and The 
World of Jean-Pa Ltl Sartre, at 

10.45 A Book at Bedttmu A 
House ter Mr Biswas by 
V S Nafpaul (Pat 5). Read by 
Garerd Green 
1020 Hie World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today in Parliament 
1200 News: Weather. 

VHF (available in 
England endS 
Wales only) as above 
except 525- 
6.00am Weather 
Travel. 1100- 
1200 For Schools: 

1100 Time and 
Tune (s) 1120 Time id 
M ove 1100 Radio 
Club. 1.55-3. 00pm For 
Schools: 1.55 
Listening Comer (s) 

2.05 History Long 
Ago (§) 225 Contact 
240 Radio vision 
history of Britain. 

500-525 PM 
(continued). 1220 - 
1.10am Schools 
Choices 86; 12.30 

Choostng Sixth- 
term Level Exams 
(Age 16*18) After 
School. What Then? 

(Age post-1 8) (s). 

909kHz/330m: Radio 3: i215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
WF ”* 1S48kH ^ 94m: VHF95 - 8: SBC Hadto Lo0dm: 

£•. * 

« yg?ej«s3fi‘?ife 



Firs* published hi I78S 


Television fund 
is running 
out of money 

By Stnart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The fund set up to com- 
pensate dubs for a decline in 
attendance during League 
games covered live on tele- 
vision is in danger of running 
ouL At the present rate, the 
£600,000 that has been set 
aside will be expended before 
the last two Sunday shows of 
the season. 

The Football League is 
growing increasingly con- 
cerned about the rise in the 
amount of compensation re- 
quested, which is linked to the 
fall in gates. Indeed, during a 
meeting a fortnight ago be- 
tween the representatives 
from the television companies 
and the League. Philip Carter, 
the president, officially ex- 
pressed the fears. 

Lee Walker, the League's 
commercial manager, and a 
member of the television 
committee, expanded on 
those fears yesterday. 
“Compensation is dead 
money ,” he said. “It is the 
payment of cash for empty 
seats. It is, therefore, a waste 
of money that is no good for 
the dubs, the Lea gu e, or 

“The trend is disturbing to 
say the least. Of the four 
claims we have received so 

can see that, if we pay out each 
club in full, we will end up 

stiles, compared to the 
corresponding figures last sea- 

£100,000 short at the end of son. In one game alone, the 

the season.” 

It seems certain that the 
League, when they begin n^o- 
tiations on a new contract at 
the end of next season, will 
demand that die television 
companies take measures to 
reduce “tire dead money.” 
Why. for instance, do the BBC 
and ITV not black out their 
live programmes in the local 
region in which it is to be 

The League could equally 
insistjustinably, that a game 
cannot be covered unless it is a 
sell-out. In the United States, 
where the sensible agreement 
is already in existence, the 
television companies solve the 
problem by buying the tickets 
themselves and offering them 
to either sponsors or adver- 

first of the season between 
Everton and Manchester 
United in September, the 
attendance at Goodison Park 
was down by almost 17,000. 

Oaims differ widely. Seat 
prices vary by as much as £5 
and there are other “areas of 
shortfall” to be taken into 
consideration. Some dubs, for 
example, hire their own cater- 
ers, whose subsequent losses 
would be included in the 
overall total submitted. 

The compensation commit- 
tee, which will meet for the 
first time in two weeks, has 
five members. Walker’s com- 
panions are Ken Friar, of 
Arsenal, Alan Bennett, of 
Leicester Gty, Ron Nodes, of 
Crystal Palace, who represents 
both the second division and 


1 S' ‘ ** 

Baron s . i 
on drugs ,■ 
overdose ■Di 1 * 

.-V * 


..... . - . . the management committee. 

We have to find alter- and Desmond Lain, of Bolton 
natives, . Walker went on. Wanderers and the voice of 
“We review the situation con- the third and fourth divisions, 
siantly and we must find a way , 

of putting people back in those “As last season, we may not 

seats. It is in the interests of 5 e 1 , a i??.^ 0 , 1 nieet 

the television enmnanies after full- Walker said. We have 

far, the aver 
Multiply that 



is £50.000. 
14 and you 

the television companies, after 
all as well as everybody else 
for the grounds to be fuIL” 

So for, the five hosts have 
collectively lost more than 
60,000 spectators at their turu- 

Televised matches 




Everton v Man U 42£51 25,843 

Man Uv Chelsea 45,355 33.340 

Man C v Man U 48,773 32,440 

West Ham v Everton 23.844 19,094 

Lpool v Sheft Wed 38,964 28,020 

1386 Fafl 
gate in gate 
:,643 16,708 
« 40 12,015 
>.440 16,333 
1,094 4,750 

1,020 10344 






REMAMMG FIXTURE S : November 23. 
Evenon v LNaipoal (1985 ciDwtL 51 J09): 
November 30. Newcastle United v West 
Hem United (26.709): Decemtnr 7. Man- 

chester United v Tottenham Hotspur 
(54.575): Oocamber 14. Liverpool v Chet- 
eea (99.482): January 4, Tottenham 
Hotspur v Arsenal (33,427). 


full” Walker said. “We have 
no set principles in assessing 
the figure and we may haw to 
decide that the dubs who 
appear on television will be 
awarded less than what they 
feel is their right 

“We may have to hope that 
they appreciate that they are 
responsible for the size of the 
contract which is worth £3.1 
million over two years. Even 
though dubs can be screened a 
maximum of only twice at 
home and three times away, 
there are only about 10 dubs 
who will be featured in League 
games this season." 


Graf can conquer Divers find 
Madison Square JfgSL 

From Barry Wood New York 
Martina Navratilova goes son-ending championships. 

into the $1 million Viigmia 
Slims Championships this 
week full of confidence after 
defeating Hana Mandiikova 
7-5, 7-5, in Chicago to claim 
her 15th title of the year. 

Although Miss Mandiikova 
restored her serve, returned 
well and passed superbly, the 
matc h came down to who was 
mentally stronger. That was 
Miss Navratilova, who was 
able to break her opponent’s 
serve for a 6-5 lead and serve 
out for the match. A number 
of disputed line calls resulted 
in Miss Mandiikova receiving 
a warning for abuse of an 
official, and provoked the 
Czechoslovak player into 
criticizing the lines people 
during the presentation 

held at New York’s Madison 
Square Garden, is, Steffi Graf 
aged 1 7. Miss Graf has beaten 
every top name, inducting 
Miss Navratilova and Chris 
Evert-Lloyd, to establish her- 
self as a real contender for the 
world champion. That would 
be a great credit not only to 
Miss Graf, but to her father 
and coach, Peter, who has 
guided his daughter since the 
age of four. But now he has 
banded over the reins to an ex- 
player, Pavil Slozfl, as coach. 

“Peter Graf first approa- 
ched me at the Federation 
Cup in Prague in July and 
asked if we could work 
together,” Slozil said. “Steffi is 

presentation a day court type player and I 
imagine I'll help her to come 
challenge to to the net more and finish 

ceremony. imagine i u net] 

The greatest challenge to to the net mo 
Miss Navratilova in the sea- points earlier." 

By Barry PickthaD 

As the leaders in the Route 
du Rhum single-handed trans- 
Atlantic race were feeing up to 
yet another gale last night, the 
fete of Loic Caradec, skipper 
of the 85ft French catamaran 
Royale, found capsized 240 
miles off Cap Finisterre on 
Saturday was still unknown. 

The French destroyer, 
Maille Breze, reached the 
upturned multihull at 7am 
yesterday, 48 hours after it had 
first been spotted but divers 
found no trace of the sailor, 
aged 38. The hatches into the 
two hulls, where he would 
have been expected to shelter, 
remained sealed and the only 

fact* 'that the *yachfs liferaft 
was missing. 

Last night the Nigel Irens- 
designed Fleury Michon, skip- 
pered by Philippe Ponpon, 
held a 170-mile lead over 
Garadec’s former sailing part- 
ner Olivier Mousy, but the 
Canadian, Mike Birch, sailing 
another Irens design, TAG 
Heuer, is south of the current 
low pressure system sweeping 
across the Azores and is 
expected to close the gap. 

Guadeloupe) 1. Floury Michon 

Alen takes 
up the 
for Finns 

By David Duffield 

The secosd day of the 
Lombard RAC rally contained 
13 special stages, which 
proved an unlucky number for 
many drivers including 
Sunday’s overnight leader 
Jaha Kaakkunen. He was 
overtaken by Markkn Alen 
and was being hard-pressed 
for second place by his 
Peugeot 205 team coiieagae 
and fellow Finn, Timo 
Salonen, who was only one 
second adrift after 17 stages. 

Salonen, last year's world 
drivers champion, was the first 
car to set off for the two-mile 
stage at Harewuod HOI follow- 
ing the overnight stop at 
Harrogate. Tony Fond, of 
Great Britain, made an early 
[ aiWtaire and went off on the 
i first special stage at 
Harewood HHL This was only 
the first problem of the day for 
Pond and the MG Metro 6R4 

Harewood Hill and the 
three miles in the forest at 
Slang were short sprints com- 
pared with the d"— 17 
miles in the Hamsteriey For- 
est As the sound of the tato- 
charged eagines of the 
Feageots and Lancia Group B 
cars echoed across the natural 
ampMbeatre of the final part 
of the Slang, the battle be- 
tween Kakknnen and Alen was 
in fan flight 

Kakkanen’s Peugeot 205 
T16 was suffering an occa- 
sional misfire bid Alen’s 
Lancia Delta S4 was on 90ng. 
Aka had started the day only 
four seconds down on 
Kakknnen and chipped away 
at the deficit to take the bad 
after the Fabton stage. Both 
had survived the Hamsteriey 
Forest roads. 

Not so fortsnafe was Stig 
Blomqvist, who pn etured a 
tyre in his Ford RS200 and 
dropped from fourth overall to 
sixth. Salonen went off as did 
Pentti Airikkala, who was 
lying third in Group A. 
Airikkala, who started the day 
in 22nd place, sli d off in his 
Vanxball Astra GTE after 
being Minded by the low son 
and missing a bend. 


/®P Now 
’^clever clogs 
can fly 


to Amsterdam 

-£119 return! 

Try British Midlands new Diamond 
Service to Amsterdam from as little as £119 
for a day-return. 

There are up to five flights a day leaving, 
conveniently, from Terminal One at 

With full Business Qass service at prices 
up to 30% cheaper than our competitors, 
British Midlands Diamond Service is in a 
Business Qass of its own! 

For full details and conditions contact 
your travel agent or call British Midland on 

British Midland 

Always one step ahead. 


Drago equals 
record with 
break of 141 

By Sydney Frisian 

Tony Drago, the Maltese 
21-year-old who now lives in 
London, made a brilliant 
clearance break of 141 in the 
first frame ofhis second round 
match against John Viigo in 
the Tennents UK Champion- 
ship at the Guild Hafl, Preston 
Drago finished the morning 
leading 5-3, after his break of 
141 equalled the champion- 
ship record set by Willie 
Thome on Saturday. 

Terry Griffiths and Tony 
Knowles qualified for the 
second round after building 
on overnight leads. Knowles, 
ranked No. 4 in the world, 
defeated John Rea. from 
Clydebank, 9-4. and Griffiths 
beat the newcomer from Not- 
tingham. Paul Gibson, 9-3. 

Both Knowles and Griffiths 
expressed a difference of opin- 
ion on the pockets, which are 
believed to be slightly larger 
than usual. Knowles said: 
“When the pockets are too 
generous all you pet is scrappy 
play which does little justice to 
the better snooker player. 
There is no subtlety left and 
that is killing the game:” 
Griffiths had earlier expressed 
firm opinion in favour of 
larger pockets. 

HESULTS: rest Un m et A Knowles 
M J Rea (SCO). SM: T Jones (Ena 
: West (Eng], 9-4; T GrtffiOs (Wales) M P 
Gftson (EroV, 9-3; S Longwcrfr (Enrt bt B 
RswsweU (tjig). 8-3; D O'Kane (NZTw W 
D Maun#!* (Wag M 

However, the man of the 
morning was Ingvar Carissen 
in his four-wheel drive Mazda 
323. Taking advantage of the 
errors for die drivers of the 
more powerful Group B cars, 
he moved steadily through the 
field. But Stig Anderrang’s 
departure from the rally as 
night fell on the way to 
Scotland was doe to a broken 
chassis on his Ford RS200. 

The drivers were having to 
contend with more than the 
pressures of high speed com- 
petition along the slippery and 
rutted forest tracks. To meet 
the requirements for shorter 
rallies and . in an attempt to 
stop the criss-aossing of link- 
ing roads for spectator cars, 

| die RAC have this year de- 
signed a course which goes 
virtually straight op country 
from Bath to Edinburgh via 
Harrogate and back down via 
Liverpool throngfa Wales to 

Uniting the Hamsteriey 
stage to the fearsome Redder 
Forest, the route ran along the 
AIM which had become 
Mocked by a road accident. 
This caused considerable de- 
lays to later cars and the 
service vehicles. Render For- 
est has been nicknamed K31er- 
KeOder. Usually the stage 
takes place at night on the 
RAC but it stQl livid op to its 
reputation as Malcolm Wilson 
went off in his MG Metro with 
a broken differ e n tial Harri 
Torvonen, also in an MG 
Metro, promptly followed at 
the same point by sliding off 

the read. 

Australia surprised to find 
they have a tiger by the tail 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Brisbane 

It had been a long time since 
England could feel as pleased 
on a rest day as they did here 
yesterday. After being heartily 
rubbished (a good Aussie 
verb) in the Press before the 
first Test match started, they 
must have been fancying their 
chances of winning iL With all 
their second innings wickets 
standing , Australia needed 
206 r uns to avoid an innings 

In the excitement of ft all, it 
is suddenly bring said that you o 
must never “underrate the 
tans. Put them into a Test 
match and they’ll fight like 

In another sizzling inter- 
view on breakfast television 
yesterday, Frances Edmonds, 
the bowler’s wife, said that 
when the boys put on the old 
England sweater, something 
stirred. I£ in 1986, the effect 
has not always been notice- 
ably beneficial, peritaps it is as 
well that Australians should 
; be made to think ft has. 

As Gatting said on Sunday 
evening, the pitch has sur- 
prised everyone. It behaved a 
lot better on the first day than 
expected but, with the help of 
Australian-made balls, 
England's bowlers found ft 
suited them when they were 
dismissing Australia for 248 
on Sunday. 

There was some movement 
for the fester bowlers and, for 
Emburey, a degree or two of 
bounce and turn. It was this 
bounce, allied to his accuracy, 
that enabled Emburey to sow 
the seeds of anxiety among the 
same Australian batsmen 
who, without great difficulty, 
coped only recently with 
India's spinners on the slower 
and lower pitches of the sub- 
continent If the 'Gabba pitch 
also gets dower and lower, 
Australia may survive; but I 
doubt whether they will 

It was only the fourth time 
in Australia since the war that 
England had been in a pos- 
ition to make Australia follow 
on. Hutton did so at Sydney in 
1954-55 though, by then, rain 
had more or less ruled out the 
chances of an English victory. 
In 1965-66, also at Sydney, 
Mike Smith's side, after mak- 
ing 488, bowled Australia out 
for 221 and 174. If ft is any 
consolation to Border, Austra- 
lia won the next Test, also by 
an innings. On the third 
oocasion, at Adelaide in 1970- 
71, Illingworth opted to bat 
again, despite a first innings 
lead of 235, and Australia 
slipped out of the net 

When Illingworth made his 
derision, the rest day (which 



The Hibernian manager, 
John Blackley, resigned yes- 
terday two years and one 
month after assuming the 
post Blackley took over from 
Pat Stanton in October of 
1984 after a spell as assistant 
manager, and at the end of a 
playing career which had seen 
him turn out for Hibs, New- 
castle, Preston and Hamilton. 

He guided the team into the 
Skoi Cup final and the Scot- 
tish Cup semi-final last sea- 
son. The assistant manager. 
Tommy Craig, will take 
charge of the team 


Schlieren (Reuter) — Jahan- 
gir Khan, dethroned last week 
in the world open squash 
championship, is seeded to 
meet his conqueror, Ross 
Norman, in the final of the 
Swiss Masters tournament, 
which starts today. Jahangir 
will try to win the $60,000 
event, the richest ra the grand 
prix series, for the fifth consec- 
utive time. 

was always the Sunday in 

those days) had passed, and be 
feh that the fast bowlers would 
be more likely to bowl Austra- 
lia out a second time after a 
break. For psychological rea- 
sons, Australia’s batsmen 
were surprised and delighted 
not to be pul in again. On 
Sunday, with the rest day to 
look forward to, Gatting can 
have had no doubt as to the 
right course, not least because 
of the uncertain Brisbane 

of the u xu 


Botham's services when the being played with Kookaburra 

former Test selector, Charlie 
Elliott, a mem b er iff their 
cricket committee, flies out to 
Australia today in an attempt 
to persuade him to jom the 

balls is considered by 
England's bowlers to be to 
* to their advantage: Dilley reck- 


ons he has bowled better with 
toe them when he has been in 
Smith Africa and the two that 
were used in Australia's first 
inning s here certainly swung. 
Dilley could, in feet, owe his 
***“ presence in Australia to hav- 
dte ing had the chance to spend 
: ** the last two winters in South 
*. 111 Africa, working his way back 

r The West lodes fest yvere used in Austi 
bowler, Joel Garner who inning s here certaii 
was d ismiss ed b y Botham's DflJey could, in fe c 
coanty, Somerset, along with presence in Austral 
VIv Richards - has agreed to jug had the chance 
sign a on^year certract as the last two winter 
professional with Oldham m Africa, working his 
the Central Lancashire to form and fitness. 

^Garner will therefore retain If to omorttmi 
to the ieagae where he denied through 
hmt ri ied htecareer ia Eng- blackmail to all E 
land in the arid-1970's. He^w - wnn&absequen: 
then professional for Test endset as 
Lftdeborongh where he did fodians wiU prop°s 
enough to attract the attention f* 

of Somerset and, ultimately, meetiigof the In i 
the West Indies. Lncket Conference 

that, if the ball had moved 
about on the first day, three 
fester bowlers should have 
been enough to take advan- 
tage of it, and that En g land 
have usually looked less bed 
in 1986 when Edmonds and 
Emburey have both been in 
the side. That was their 
reasoning, and ft has worked 
out wonderfully wdL 
Far from bring a problem, 
Botham is giving of his best. 
On Sunday, Dilley, playing his 

playing his 

If that opportunity is to be 
dented through political 
blackmail to all En glish tuct 
wanting, subsequently, to play 
Test cricket — as the West 
Indians will propose and Zim- 
babwe second at the next 
meeting of the International 
Cricket Conference— ft will be 
a travesty. 

Of England's two new caps, 
DeFrritas is having an en- 
couraging match and Richards 
a difficult one. DeFteftas has 
taken two useful wickets, 
fielded 13m a “dingbat" and 
played an innings in which he 
showed a fair defence and a 
touch of West Indian flair in 
attack. Unless Richards’ con- 
fidence behind the stumps 
increases in Australia's second 
innings, I imagine French wfll 
get his place back for the 

23rd Test match, the first of second Test in Perth next 
them seven years ago, took week. 

five wickets in an innings for 
the first time. Having not 
done so before was becoming 
something of an incubus for 
him. rather like Geoff Miller’s 
elusive first-dass century. 

Dilley talks of Terry Aider- 
man, the Australian who has 
had a couple of seasons with 



But this has been, so fer, an 
excellent team performance, 
one which has revealed the 
Australians as being a very 
insecure side. If England can 
go on and win, Australia may 
deride to look round for some 
more experience — and most 
of it is in South Africa. 

Change of date 

Bath’s game with the tour- ! 
ing Fijian Barbarians, doe to ' 
be played tomorrow evening, 
has been moved to Thu rsda y 
because the RAC Lombard 
Rally will end in Bath tomor- 
row (David Hands writes). 
Qulcott, the England prop, is 
UjRv^y to appear against the 
Fijians because of strained 
knee ligaments which forced 
him off the field during 
Saturday's game against 

Title stripped 

San Juan (AFP) - Victor 
Luvi CaUejas, the World Box- 
ing Association light-feather- 

ShStn; thigh iqjray Title stripped 
Shilton plays 

Peter Shilton is to ignore a “fi Association light-feather- 
thigh injury to play in goal for weight champion, has been 
Southampton in their stripped of his title by the 
Littlewooas Cup fourth round sanctioning body for failing to 
tie against Aston VQla this appear for his defence against 
evening. Page 44 the American, Luis Espinosa. 

on Saturday in Corpus Qiristi. 

Falk dies ST . . 

Flying Finn: Markka Alen, in a Landa Delta, survived treacherous forest roads to take the lead m the Lombard RAC rally 


Kent, advising him always to 
bowl “in the corridor”. By 
this Alderman means “the 
corridor of uncertainty—, the 
one just outside the off stump 
which most batsmen like the 

If Alderman were playing 
here, which he almost cer- 
tainly would be were he not in 
South Africa, England’s bats- 
men would have had a very 
much stiller examination last 
Friday. When choosing Dilley 
for this present match, the 
tour selectors remembered 

planned to field first had the what they felt after one or two 
toss been won, they picked of his unlucky Test perfor- 
two spinners on the grounds manc« in Fn gfand The alter- 

native to Dilley was Small. 

Dorhvoliiro on I am a little worried about 

lseruy&iurc gu j^,. ^ 

f ftr Rntham to last place 

lor DUUliUU among the fester bowlers after 

Derbyshire are hoping to taking all those wickets in 
steal a march on the other England last summer, 
counties jostling for Ian The feet that the series is 

Dusseldorf (AFP) — The 
former figure skating cham- 
pion. Ria Falk, who with her 
husband, Paul, won the pairs 
gold medal at the 1952 Hel- 
sinki Olympic Games, died 
here. She was aged 63. The 
couple also won the world title 
in 1951 and 1952. 

) ■ W HO 

on Saturday in Corpus Christi. 

Stern task 

Speedwell, who have 
quickly settled at the top of the 
men's first division of the 
Royal Bank English volleyball 
league, fece a stern title test 
this weekend, when are away 
to both Liverpool and 
Dragonara Leeds, 

By Michael Coleman 

The ouce-uoMe art of nod- 
era pentathlon, the pride and 
joy iff Baron Pierre de 
C oub er tin , has been delivered 
a npperott with the 

revelation that at least 15 
co mpeti tors resorted to drug 
aids at the world champion- 
ships in Italy last August. 
They include medal wmners. 

AO the c u l prits have been 
invited to Stockholm next 
Monday to explain to the 
executive of the sport’s 
governing. Union 

fii tpn wti n t w li* de Pentathlon 
Modern et Biathlon 
(UIPMBX why they took 
drugs known to be on the 
banned list AH fece dis- 
qualification ami suspension 
from competition for at feast 
30 months. It is a matter to 
which tiie CCPR should ad- 
dress ftself at its drags fonun 
in Bourn emou th on Thursday. 
The UIPMB are not yet 

officially talking but from 

reliable sources I learn that 
the culprits came from: United 
States (2\ Bulgaria (2\ Soviet 
Union (6 ) and Poland (5). But 
as Wille Grot, former general 
secretary of the UIPMB ami 
1948 Olympic champion, put 
it “This is only the tip of the 

limited number 

He was referring to the fed 
that only a limited number of 
the 159 competitors taking 
part in the three contests — for 
senior and junior men and 
women — at Montecatini 
Terme were drug-checked. 
Urine samples were taken 
after four of the sports: fenc- 
ing, swimmi ng and 
(the top four in each event and 
two others at random) and 
shooting (12, indntBng die top 
shooters ia each detail and 
others at random). 

It caB be assumed that the 
15 positive drug returns came 
from the shooting, the one 
emit in modem pentathlon 
blighted by the drugs menace: 
mother words, 15 oot of the 36 
tested were on dope. But as 
Grot and others most ask: 
what.abont the rest; what 
wonM have been the result 3 
they had been checked, too? 

This new scandaL, coating so 
stum altar toe 1984 Los An- 
geles Ol ym p i cs drugs fiasco, 
puts the UIPMB m a des- 
perate position. At Los An- 
geles competitors discovered 
that drags banned by the 
UIPMB were not yet on the 
International Olympic 
Committee’s list. They had a 
field day, prododng doctors’ 
letters pro ring the y neede d the 
drags for their asthmatic aad 
heart conditions. 

To make matters worse, the 
testing laboratory was not 
IOC approved and the reserve 
“B” samples were destroyed 
too soon. In Italy safeguards 
were taken, the samples bring 
canted by a UIPMB official to 
toe IOC-approved laboratory 
at Cologne, where testing was 
c o ndu cte d under toe super- 
vision of Dr Manfred Dottike, 
an authority on the use of 
drags In sport (indndxng horse 

The “A” samples wee 
tested Erst and the sealed “B” 
samples opened and checked 
later in the presence of toe 
alleged offender or his or her 
representative. I understand 
aO toe “B” samples since 
opened have proved positive 
(fe, a drag was present). 

Dfeter Krikow, the UIPMB 
official who ferried the sam- 
ples to Cologne, argues that 
toe Montecatini findings 
prove toe UIPMB’s drags 
fight is bringing results. 

Grot’s view is different: 
“Remove toe temptation to 
take dregs — to cemmft a 
crime — that is what I say.” 
His solution is to hold toe 
shooting and ranting together, 
as happens in the winter 
biathlon. A drug takes to 
steady a shooting arm would 
have disastrous effects on 
miring performance. 

Six colleagues to 
be sentenced 

The Stockholm “trial” iriD 
be attended by Sven Tbofelt 
(Sweden, president), Igor No* 
vSkov (Soviet Union), EmBe 
Jurat (France), Thor 
Hearing (Sweden, secretary- 
general), Krfkow (the doping 
expert) and toe two sec- 
retaries, imre Nagy (Hun- 
gary) and Alfred Lahti 

The highly respected No- 
vikov, _ world and Olympic 
champion many faw*, fax the 
unenviable task of sent encing 
six Soviet colleagues. Like dm 
Italians, die Sorter sports 
doctors have honed the 
preparation of athletes into a 
fine, though not necessarily 
illegal, art. 

Penalizing the 
and coaches wfll also bean toe 
Stockholm ggpmla Al then* 
1984 congress the UIPMB not 
only hid down a minimum 30- 
month suspension for drug 

a Swedish Humid tfei man- 
agers and coaches be penal- 
ized, too. 

•s t r* 












k .